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Sample records for based dtpa derivative

  1. Preparation of a lysine-based DTPA derivative for the conjugation with biomolecules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For radiopharmaceutical development, many bifunctional chelating agents (BFCAs) have been synthesized and applied. Among them, EDTA(Ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid) and DTPA(Diethylenetriamine penta-acetic acid) have been used for the radiolabeling with lanthanide nuclides. Until now, many of researches are applying the cyclic DTPA dianhydride to introduce DTPA chelator to bioactive molecules. However, its inherent disadvantage is that DTPA dianhydride produces major side product DTPA bis-molecules, which may cause instability of radionuclide binding in-vivo. In this study, in order to develop the DTPA based bifunctional chelator for the radiolabeling with radionuclides including Re-188, In-111, Y-90, Ho-166, Lu-177 and so on, we prepare lysine-based DTPA derivative. We describe, herein, the convenient synthetic method of the lysine based DTPA derivative derived from Nε - Z protected lysine

  2. Preparation of a Lysine based DTPA derivative and its Immuno conjugate for RIT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, So-Young; Pyun, Mi-Sun; Hong, Young-Don; Choi, Sun-Ju [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-10-15

    Radioimmunotherapy (RIT) has beneficiary effect of both immunotherapy and radiotherapy in cancer treatment. Those are the effect on predominant tumoricidal potency induced by radiation and intensified tumor cell targeting by antibody of radioimmunoconjugate. For conjugation of radioisotope with antibody for RIT the introduction of proper BFCA (bifunctional chelating agent) is very important. The most widely used BFCA is a diethylene triamine penta acetic acid (DTPA), However, it is known to form less stable conjugation due to competitive conjugation between radioisotope and antibody. In present study, to overcome the unstable chelation we synthesized the lysine based DTPA derivative. Furthermore, we prepared even more stable conjugate with human IgG using this DTPA derivative by its active isothiocyanate, demonstrated a stability of the immunoconjugate.

  3. 166Ho labelled DTPA derivative for radiation brachytherapy using catheter balloons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Brachytherapy is one of the effective treatments for in-stent restenosis. Filling the dilatation catheter balloon with radioactive solutions has the advantages of an accurate source positioning and uniform dose delivery to the vessel walls. In addition, it can be used easily with an existing catheter. Moreover, a solution based beta ray source allows for the treatment of large vessels. Of the variety of radioisotopes prepared in a soluble form for use as a liquid radiation source, Ho-166 is a good radioisotope, because it can be readily produced by irradiating a natural Ho target using a low or medium flux research reactor (165Ho has 100% natural abundance). For X ray imaging, various iodinated X ray contrast agents having the 1,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid platform are used, mainly for computed tomography (CT) and angiographic applications. In the present study, we prepared a new DTPA bisamide derivative, DTPA-BTIPA (3-amino- 2,4,6-triiodoisophthalic acid) containing iodine in the structure. 166Ho was labeled with DTPA-BTIPA as a possible agent for IVRT for the prevention of restenisis. The optimum condition of the radiolabeling of DTPA-BTIPA with Ho-166 was achieved by varying different reaction parameters. To estimate the 166Ho-complex as a liquid radiation source for a potential clinical application of IVRT, which is readily excreted through the urinary system in the event of a balloon rupture, a dynamic imaging was acquired. 166Ho-(DTPA- BTIPA) was prepared by a simple mixing at room temperature. High radiochemical stability (>98%) was maintained over a period of 6 h at room temperature. The radioactivity curve in the kidneys of the rabbit administered with 166Ho-(DTPA-BTIPA) via an ear vein showed that the 166Ho-(DTPA- BTIPA) was rapidly cleared through the kidneys. The average of Tmax and T1/2 of 166Ho-(DTPA-BTIPA) in the kidneys were 2.26 ± 0.78 min and 7.80 ± 1.16 min, respectively. The serial static image scans of the rabbit administered with 166

  4. Synthesis of DTPA derivatives for the separation of f elements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During the last few years, there has been a renewal of interest in the complexation chemistry of the lanthanide and the actinide elements as it serves in vivo applications (MRI, radiotherapy) as well as supramolecular chemistry and more recently, the chemistry implicated in the back-end of nuclear fuel cycle. The design of new f-elements discriminating ligands requires a good knowledge of the factors that determine the selective complexation of the considered cations. In order to form a stable complex in aqueous solution, the ligand must possess donor atoms that satisfy the demands of the f-element. Thus, among neutral donor, the more polarizable amine nitrogens are preferred and hard anionic donors, like carboxylates, should bind to the charged centre. Such considerations lead us to design new DTPA derivatives ligands. The synthesis and the influence of the structure of the ligands on the stability constant of various f-cations complexes are presented. (authors)

  5. Introduction of new derivatives of biotin and DTPA for labeling of antibodies with 111 In ti detect malignant tumors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies, have created new innovations in diagnosis, research, and therapy of diseases in last 2 decades. One of the serious limitations of applications of radiolabeled antibodies in vivo is relatively low target to background activity. Various strategies have been proposed to solve this problem including pre-targeting methods that was suggested in 1989. Regarding importance of monoclonal antibodies and radioisotopes, based on pre-targeting strategy, we have introduced new derivative of biotin and DTPA to decrease background activity. DTPA-bio and new derivative (DTPA-bio-1 OX) were labeled with 111 In, labeled compounds and injected through tail veins into Balb/c mice, and percent of injected dose per gram of blood (% ID/g of blood ) was determined at 15, 30, 60, 120, 180 and 240 min after injection. Based on results, 111 In-DTPA-bio rapidly cleared from serum, indicating activity not bound to the target. While in the case of new derivative, by attaching 10 Adenine base (IOX) molecular weight of label is increased causing delayed clearance from serum. Therefore, there is enough time for label to accumulate in the target tissues. With advent of second generation of monoclonal antibodies and antibody engineering, pre targeting methods have changed greatly. It seems that derivatives we introduced will have and important role in new pre-targeting methods

  6. 153Sm3+ and 111In3+ DTPA derivatives with high hepatic specificity: in vivo and in vitro studies

    OpenAIRE

    Prata, M. I. M.; Santos, A.C.; Neves, M.; Geraldes, C. F. G. C.; Lima, J. J. P. de

    2002-01-01

    Two DTPA derivatives, a mono-amide derivative containing an iodinated synthon, DTPA-IOPsp (L1) and the ligand DTPA(BOM)3 (BOM=benzyloxymethyl) (L2), radiolabelled with 153Sm3+ and 111In3+, were studied as potential hepatospecific gamma scintigraphic agents. In vivo studies with Wistar rats show that the main excretory pathway for all the chelates studied is the hepatobiliary system. The complexes of L2 show even greater hepatobiliary specificity than L1, perhaps as a consequence of longer blo...

  7. MR Imaging with Gadolinium-DTPA in skull-base tumors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Twenty-five patients were investigated by MR imaging in order to evaluate the diagnostic value of Gadolinium (Gd)-DTPA in skull-base tumors. The patients were studied with standard acquisition techniques (T1, mixed and T2-weighted images) without contrast medium. The images obtained after intravenous injection of Gd-DTPA. The contrastographic results in the different types of acquisition were evaluated. Thanks to the extra-ordinary increase in contrast resolution it provides, Gd-DTPA allowed the precise evaluation of the lesion and of its perfect spatial definition in all cases. Our experience demonstrated that Gd-DTPA considerably increases the sensitivity of the technique in this anatomical region. On the contrary, as regards the nature of the lesion, the signal did not significantly very after the iv injection of Gd-DTPA in the various kinds of lesion. In addition to the important diagnostic advantages of Gd-DTPA, its excellent tollerability and the absence of side-effects must be stressed

  8. Radiation doses deriving from patients undergoing 111In-DTPA-d-Phe-1-octreotide scintigraphy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to estimate the radiation doses to nursing staff, other patients, accompanying persons and family members deriving from patients undergoing 111In-DTPA-d-Phe-1-octreotide (111In-OCT) scintigraphy. Dose rates were measured from 16 patients who had received an intravenous injection of 140±40 MBq 111In-OCT. The measurements were performed at three different distances (0.5, 1 and 2 m) at 10-20 min, 5-7 h and 24 h (and in some cases, up to 48 h) after administration of 111In-OCT. The effective half-lives of the biexponential decrease of the dose rates were estimated to be 2.94±0.27 h (T1) and 65.17±0.58 h (T2). The calculated maximum dose to other persons in the waiting area was 27.2 μSv, to family members 61.5 μSv, to nursing staff in a ward 24.1 μSv and to neighbouring patients in the ward 69.5 μSv. Our results clearly demonstrate that the calculated maximum radiation exposure to accompanying persons, personnel, family members and other patients is well below the maximum annual dose limit for non-professionally exposed persons. (orig.)

  9. Improved kinetic stability of DTPA-dGlu as compared with conventional monofunctional DTPA in chelating indium and yttrium: preclinical and initial clinical evaluation of radiometal labelled minigastrin derivatives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The development of monofunctional DTPA derivatives has been a major breakthrough in the labelling of proteins or peptides with a variety of radiometals. Although this methodology is simple and useful for indium-111 labelling, the stability of these conjugates is too low for most therapeutic nuclides. Cyclic chelators, such as DOTA, have shown excellent kinetic stability with a variety of radiometals, but the labelling procedure is more difficult, requiring ultra-pure reagents and a heating step that sometimes endangers the biomolecule's integrity. The aim of this work was twofold: (a) to develop a novel, open chain chelator which can be easily labelled with various radiometals, displaying higher kinetic stability than monofunctional DTPA, and (b) to evaluate this chelator in vitro and in vivo when conjugated to a CCK-B receptor ligand as a detection modality for receptor-(over-)expressing tumours. DTPA derivatives of Leu1- and dGlu1-minigastrin were synthesised. All conjugates could be labelled with 111In or 88/90Y at high specific activities (8.5-44.4 GBq/μmol) and with high radiochemical purity. Serum stability testing was performed, and the labelled conjugates were compared concerning their stability against DTPA challenge. The biodistribution of the radiolabelled Leu1- and dGlu1-minigastrin derivatives was studied in tumour-bearing nude mice, in one healthy human volunteer and in three patients with metastatic medullary thyroid carcinoma. The transchelation of all tested radiometals to serum proteins was significantly slower with the DTPA-Glu conjugates as compared with their Leu analogues (e.g. transchelation t1/2 of DTPA-dGlu1-minigastrin vs its Leu1 analogue at 37 C in human serum for 111In: 239 h vs 91 h; for 90Y: 130 h vs 53 h). In animals, all labelled CCK-B receptor ligands showed fast and specific uptake in CCK-B-receptor-positive tissues, such as the stomach and tumour, as well as a fast renal clearance pattern. However, DTPA-Leu1-minigastrin showed

  10. Improved kinetic stability of DTPA-dGlu as compared with conventional monofunctional DTPA in chelating indium and yttrium: preclinical and initial clinical evaluation of radiometal labelled minigastrin derivatives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Behe, Martin; Gotthardt, Martin; Behr, Thomas M. [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Philipps-University of Marburg, Baldingerstrasse, 35043, Marburg (Germany); Becker, Wolfgang; Angerstein, Christa [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Georg-August-University of Goettingen, Goettingen (Germany)

    2003-08-01

    The development of monofunctional DTPA derivatives has been a major breakthrough in the labelling of proteins or peptides with a variety of radiometals. Although this methodology is simple and useful for indium-111 labelling, the stability of these conjugates is too low for most therapeutic nuclides. Cyclic chelators, such as DOTA, have shown excellent kinetic stability with a variety of radiometals, but the labelling procedure is more difficult, requiring ultra-pure reagents and a heating step that sometimes endangers the biomolecule's integrity. The aim of this work was twofold: (a) to develop a novel, open chain chelator which can be easily labelled with various radiometals, displaying higher kinetic stability than monofunctional DTPA, and (b) to evaluate this chelator in vitro and in vivo when conjugated to a CCK-B receptor ligand as a detection modality for receptor-(over-)expressing tumours. DTPA derivatives of Leu{sup 1}- and dGlu{sup 1}-minigastrin were synthesised. All conjugates could be labelled with {sup 111}In or {sup 88/90}Y at high specific activities (8.5-44.4 GBq/{mu}mol) and with high radiochemical purity. Serum stability testing was performed, and the labelled conjugates were compared concerning their stability against DTPA challenge. The biodistribution of the radiolabelled Leu{sup 1}- and dGlu{sup 1}-minigastrin derivatives was studied in tumour-bearing nude mice, in one healthy human volunteer and in three patients with metastatic medullary thyroid carcinoma. The transchelation of all tested radiometals to serum proteins was significantly slower with the DTPA-Glu conjugates as compared with their Leu analogues (e.g. transchelation t{sub 1/2} of DTPA-dGlu{sup 1}-minigastrin vs its Leu{sup 1} analogue at 37 C in human serum for {sup 111}In: 239 h vs 91 h; for {sup 90}Y: 130 h vs 53 h). In animals, all labelled CCK-B receptor ligands showed fast and specific uptake in CCK-B-receptor-positive tissues, such as the stomach and tumour, as well

  11. (153)Sm(3+) and (111)In(3+) DTPA derivatives with high hepatic specificity: in vivo and in vitro studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prata, M I M; Santos, A C; Neves, M; Geraldes, C F G C; de Lima, J J P

    2002-07-25

    Two DTPA derivatives, a mono-amide derivative containing an iodinated synthon, DTPA-IOPsp (L(1)) and the ligand DTPA(BOM)(3) (BOM=benzyloxymethyl) (L(2)), radiolabelled with (153)Sm(3+) and (111)In(3+), were studied as potential hepatospecific gamma scintigraphic agents. In vivo studies with Wistar rats show that the main excretory pathway for all the chelates studied is the hepatobiliary system. The complexes of L(2) show even greater hepatobiliary specificity than L(1), perhaps as a consequence of longer blood circulation times due to their strong affinity towards HSA. The (153)Sm(3+) chelates are also more hepatospecific than the corresponding (111)In(3+) chelates. The La(3+) and In(3+) chelates of L(1) and L(2) show some structural and dynamic differences in aqueous solution, as studied by (1)H NMR spectroscopy. While only two nona-coordinated isomers were observed for the La(3+) complexes with both ligands, its number is much larger in the In(3+) complexes, with both octa- and hepta-coordinated species (with unbound side arms), as well as structural isomers for each coordination number. PMID:12121790

  12. Dissolution kinetic studies of magnetite in HEEDTA and DTPA based formulation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Magnetite is an important corrosion product accumulated on the structural materials of PHWRs and PWR's. Due to trapping of radionuclides like 6OCo, 58Co, 54Mn and activated fission products on magnetite lattice activity gets accumulated. Organic carboxylic acids can be used for the effective removal of the oxide to reduce the activity build-up. The present study details the dissolution kinetics of magnetite in hydroxyethylethylenediamine triacetic acid (HEEDTA) and diethylenetriamine-pentaacetic acid (DTPA) formulations with varying pH, temperature and reductant concentrations. The activation energy has been calculated using Arrhenius plot and was found to be 13.37 kJmol-1 and 10.37 kJmol-1 for HEEDTA and DTPA based formulations respectively. (author)

  13. Volume-assisted estimation of liver function based on Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MR relaxometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haimerl, Michael; Schlabeck, Mona; Verloh, Niklas; Fellner, Claudia; Stroszczynski, Christian; Wiggermann, Philipp [University Hospital Regensburg, Department of Radiology, Regensburg (Germany); Zeman, Florian [University Hospital Regensburg, Center for Clinical Trials, Regensburg (Germany); Nickel, Dominik [MR Applications Development, Siemens AG, Healthcare Sector, Erlangen (Germany); Barreiros, Ana Paula [University Hospital Regensburg, Department of Internal Medicine I, Regensburg (Germany); Loss, Martin [University Hospital Regensburg, Department of Surgery, Regensburg (Germany)

    2016-04-15

    To determine whether liver function as determined by indocyanine green (ICG) clearance can be estimated quantitatively from hepatic magnetic resonance (MR) relaxometry with gadoxetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA). One hundred and seven patients underwent an ICG clearance test and Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI, including MR relaxometry at 3 Tesla. A transverse 3D VIBE sequence with an inline T1 calculation was acquired prior to and 20 minutes post-Gd-EOB-DTPA administration. The reduction rate of T1 relaxation time (rrT1) between pre- and post-contrast images and the liver volume-assisted index of T1 reduction rate (LVrrT1) were evaluated. The plasma disappearance rate of ICG (ICG-PDR) was correlated with the liver volume (LV), rrT1 and LVrrT1, providing an MRI-based estimated ICG-PDR value (ICG-PDR{sub est}). Simple linear regression model showed a significant correlation of ICG-PDR with LV (r = 0.32; p = 0.001), T1{sub post} (r = 0.65; p < 0.001) and rrT1 (r = 0.86; p < 0.001). Assessment of LV and consecutive evaluation of multiple linear regression model revealed a stronger correlation of ICG-PDR with LVrrT1 (r = 0.92; p < 0.001), allowing for the calculation of ICG-PDR{sub est}. Liver function as determined using ICG-PDR can be estimated quantitatively from Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MR relaxometry. Volume-assisted MR relaxometry has a stronger correlation with liver function than does MR relaxometry. (orig.)

  14. Volume-assisted estimation of liver function based on Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MR relaxometry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine whether liver function as determined by indocyanine green (ICG) clearance can be estimated quantitatively from hepatic magnetic resonance (MR) relaxometry with gadoxetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA). One hundred and seven patients underwent an ICG clearance test and Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI, including MR relaxometry at 3 Tesla. A transverse 3D VIBE sequence with an inline T1 calculation was acquired prior to and 20 minutes post-Gd-EOB-DTPA administration. The reduction rate of T1 relaxation time (rrT1) between pre- and post-contrast images and the liver volume-assisted index of T1 reduction rate (LVrrT1) were evaluated. The plasma disappearance rate of ICG (ICG-PDR) was correlated with the liver volume (LV), rrT1 and LVrrT1, providing an MRI-based estimated ICG-PDR value (ICG-PDRest). Simple linear regression model showed a significant correlation of ICG-PDR with LV (r = 0.32; p = 0.001), T1post (r = 0.65; p < 0.001) and rrT1 (r = 0.86; p < 0.001). Assessment of LV and consecutive evaluation of multiple linear regression model revealed a stronger correlation of ICG-PDR with LVrrT1 (r = 0.92; p < 0.001), allowing for the calculation of ICG-PDRest. Liver function as determined using ICG-PDR can be estimated quantitatively from Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MR relaxometry. Volume-assisted MR relaxometry has a stronger correlation with liver function than does MR relaxometry. (orig.)

  15. Technetium-99m as alternative to produce somatostatin-labeled derivatives: comparative biodistribution evaluation with {sup 111}In-DTPA-octreotide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Melo, Ivani B.; Buchpiguel, Carlos Alberto, E-mail: ivani@hcnet.usp.br [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP/LIM43), SP (Brazil). Centro de Medicina Nuclear. Departamento de Radiologia; Ueda, Laura T.; Araujo, Elaine B. de; Muramoto, Emiko; Barboza, Marycel F. de; Mengatti, Jair; Silva, Constancia P.G. da, E-mail: ebaraujo@ipen.com [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Centro de Radiofarmacia

    2008-07-01

    organs with high density of SST receptors like pancreas and adrenals were significant and similar to obtained for {sup 111}In-DTPA-Octreotide, confirming the affinity of these radiopharmaceuticals for the receptors. These results suggest that both {sup 99m}Tc-labeled SST derivatives could be applied in diagnostic studies for localization and staging of neuroendocrine tumors. (author)

  16. Enhancement of the mutual separation of lanthanide elements in the solvent extraction based on the CMPO-TBP mixed solvent by using a DTPA-nitrate solution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The mutual separation behavior of rare earth elements was studied in the system based on the neutral extractant CMPO (n-octyl(phenyl)-N,N-diisobutylcarbamoyl methylphosphine oxide) and aminopolyacetic acid DTPA (diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid). The extractability of lanthanides decreased monotonously with increasing of atomic number in the system of 0.2 M CMPO-1.0 M TBP-n-dodecane (TRUEX solvent) and 0.05 M DTPA-NaNO3 or hydroxylamine nitrate (HAN) solution. The separation factor of La/Lu was 6,600 using 0.05 M DTPA-3 M NaNO3 solution (initial pH=2.0). The mutual separation of lanthanides in the CMPO/DTPA system was greatly improved when compared with the general TRUEX system. The separation factor was not affected by the initial pH of the solution (1.8-2.2), the salting out reagent (NaNO3 and HAN), or its concentration (2, 3 M). The experimentally obtained separation factors of lanthanide elements were reproduced by a simple model based on the distribution ratios in the TRUEX extraction system and the stability constants of DTPA-metal complex. The mutual separation between light lanthanides in attributed to the selectivity of DTPA, while CMPO mainly influences the separation of heavy lanthanides. (author)

  17. Development and biodistrubition modeling of 99mTc-DTPA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed Bricha

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: In this study, the team modeled the biodistribution and the efficiency of two 99m-technetium diethylene triamine penta acetate (99mTc-DTPA based radiopharmaceuticals.Methods: The first radiopharmaceutical (DTPA-CNESTEN is developed at the laboratories of the radiopharmaceutical production unit of the National Center for Nuclear Energy, Sciences and Technologies (CNESTEN-Morocco, and the second one is the commercial DTPA (DTPA-ref. Freeze-dried kits were successfully radiolabeled (radiochemical purity >95% with the 99m Tc. Then drugs were injected to male BALB/c mice. In each 2 min, 5 min, 15 min, 1 h and 2 h time points after injections we evaluate tissue’s distributions characteristics. At the end, an automatic modeling of the data were recorded from thyroid, blood and urinary excretion kinetics and biodistribution in mice using both DTPA kits. The study aimed to extract the parameters of the function used to fit the recorded data. Results and Conclusion: the team concluded that the biodistribution of 99mTc-DTPA can be modeled using a combination of two exponential parts. Moreover, the resultant plots showed that there is strong correlation between the formula found in literature and the one derived on the basis of the fit of data sets in this study. In addition, it was found that the biodistribution behaviors of the developed kit and the commercial one were very close. The obtained results suggest that the developed DTPA has practically the same kinetics as the commercial one.

  18. Studies on Am(III) separation from simulated high-level waste using cobalt bis(dicarbollide) (1-) ion derivative covalently bound to N,N'-di-n-octyl diglycol diamide as extractant and DTPA as stripping agent

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The separation of minor actinides from high level liquid waste (HLLW) belongs to the principal challenges in current nuclear treatment. A derivative based on two cobalt bis(dicarbollide) (1-) ions covalently bound to the N,N'-di-n-octyl diglycolyl amide platform via diethyleneglycol chain with the formula ([(N,N'-(8-(OCH2 CH2)2-1,2-C2B9H10)(1',2'-C2B9H11)-3,3'-Co)(N,N'-n-C8H17)NCOCH2]2O)Na2 (TODGA-COSAN), dissolved in low polar mixture of hexyl methyl ketone and n-dodecane, was used as an extractant for efficient Am(III)/Eu(III) separation from PUREX HLLW. Am(III) could be selectively stripped from loaded organic phase by using a stripping agent composed from 0.05 M DTPA and 1 M citric acid as a buffer and 1 M NaNO3 at pH 3.0. Separation factor between europium and americium of 13 was achieved. The europium remaining in the organic phase could be consecutively effectively stripped by using solution of ammonium citrate or ammonium citrate with ammonium DTPA at pH∼7. (author)

  19. Studies on Am(III) separation from simulated high-level waste using cobalt bis(dicarbollide) (1(-)) ion derivative covalently bound to N,N'-di-n-octyl diglycol diamide as extractant and DTPA as stripping agent

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bubeníková, M.; Selucký, P.; Rais, J.; Grüner, Bohumír; Švec, Petr

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 293, č. 1 (2012), s. 403-408. ISSN 0236-5731 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA104/09/0668 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40320502 Keywords : Solvent extraction * actinides * high- level liquid waste * dicarbollide derivatives * carboranes * TODGA * DTPA Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 1.467, year: 2012

  20. Decorporation therapy: DTPA as the substance of choice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The pharmacology and toxicology of DTPA are discussed, and the factors influencing the decorporation capacity of Ca-DTPA are characterized, e.g. time interval after radionuclide incorporation or dose and type of Ca-DTPA applied. Ca-DTPA is well tolerated in clinical practice, and dangerous side effects have never been observed. Side effects have been observed, however, in animal experiments after fractionation of the daily dose and after administration of Ca-DTPA to gravid animals. As a result, Zn-DTPA is now being recommended as a less toxic alternatives. The decorporation capacity of Zn-DTPA is compared with that of Ca-DTPA, and its advantages in chelate maintenance therapy are explained. The possibilities of improving the efficiency of DTPA by local application, synthesis of derivatives, and combination with other substances are reviewed. Last but not least, the necessity of a risk-benefit analysis of decorporation therapy is pointed out with a view to reducing the toxicity of radionuclides. (orig./MG)

  1. Preparation of nanocolloids based on modified DTPA molecule labeled with technetium-99M

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The method for preparation of new nanocolloid chemical systems based on modified diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid molecule has been elaborated in this work. Optimal method of sentinel lymph mode detection considers the use of colloid nanomaterials labled with technetium-99m for sintigraphic or radiometric detection of mode localization. The result of dynamic scintigraphic research showed that after being injected the substance is actively accumulated into lymphatic system

  2. DTPA (Diethylenetriamine pentaacetate)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... only to treat very high levels of internal radioactive contamination. In this case, doctors and public health authorities may prescribe a single dose of Ca-DTPA, together with a vitamin and mineral supplement that contains zinc, as the first treatment. ...

  3. Design and synthesis of isoniazide mimetic conjugated with DTPA, potential ligand of novel radiopharmaceutical and contrast agent for medical imaging, bis (amide) of diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid: DTPA-Bis(INH)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The structure of isonicotinic acid hydrazide (INH) was coupled to diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) via amide linkage. The overall yield of three steps synthesis starting from DTPA is above 80%. In particular, complexation of DTPA moiety with 99mTc showed excellent results as the metallopharmaceutical for medical imaging. The main objective of the present research was to develop a novel INH derivative based on DTPA, which forms stable complexes with most of the lanthanides and transition metals in the periodic table. A second objective was to introduce a chelating group without compromising the biological activity of the anti-infective drug for the diagnosis of infection using nuclear medicine. The DTPA-Bis(INH) was synthesized in high yield using a simple synthetic procedure and was characterized using mass spectroscopy in ESI positive mode ([M+H+] was found to be 632.2). Moreover, the complex with the DTPA-Bis(INH) is reflected in increased kinetic ability of the stabilized 99mTc complex compared with the unmodified INH. The complex was successfully labelled with the 99mTc radionuclide with more than 95% labelling efficiency. Radiochemical purity was ascertained chromatographically (ITLC and C18 RP chromatography) using different solvent systems. Blood kinetics in rabbits and biodistribution in mice was studied. Blood kinetics showed rapid first pass clearance with a biological half-life, t1/2 (F), of 11 min. The ability of DTPA-Bis(INH) to target the infection site in vivo was assessed in gamma scintigraphic studies of normal rabbit and a rabbit with induced infections. From the present work it can be concluded that the radiolabelled DTPABis( INH) accumulates at the site of infection. (author)

  4. Model-based comparison of maternal and foetal organ doses from 99mTc pertechnetate, DMSA, DTPA, HDP, MAA and MAG3 diagnostic intakes during pregnancy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Organ residence times were calculated for diagnostic intakes of 99mTc pertechnetate, 2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA), diethylene triamine penta-acetic acid (DTPA), hydroxymethylene diphosphonate (HDP), macroaggregated albumin (MAA) and mercapto-acetyltriglycine (MAG3) during the 1st and 3rd stages of pregnancy and used with the MIRDOSE3 pregnant female phantoms for generation of dose estimates. At stage 3 individual foetal organ doses were estimated via a surrogate phantom based on that for the new-born but with mean dose/cumulated activity (S) values scaled for compatibility with foetal whole body S. Stage 1 or 3 whole foetus doses ranged from 5.2 to 0.77 μGy MBq-1 respectively, analogous to current ICRP estimates for these agents using similar in vivo biodistribution model databases. Most stage 3 maternal and foetal organ doses were similar within a factor of 3, being higher in the foetus than the mother with pertechnetate, DTPA and MAG3, and lower with DMSA, HDP and MAA. Doses were more uniformly distributed among foetal organs than in the mother. Placental transfer was greatest with pertechnetate, where dose to the stage 3 foetal thyroid was 60-140 μGy MBq-1. With each agent there was more placental transfer in stage 3 than in stage 1, but doses to stage 1 whole foetus were always higher, with the contribution from the mother dominant. For DMSA, HDP and MAG3 the maternal contribution to total foetal body dose exceeded 93% for both stages. (orig.)

  5. A comparison of the rhizosphere-based method with DTPA, EDTA, CaCl2, and NaNO3 extraction methods for prediction of bioavailability of metals in soil to barley

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A rhizosphere-based method was compared with DTPA, EDTA, CaCl2, and NaNO3 extraction methods for the evaluation of bioavailability of heavy metals in soil to barley. The extractable amounts of Cr, Cu, Zn and Cd analyzed by the rhizosphere-based method correlated significantly with the metal content of barley roots. The extractable metals identified by DTPA, EDTA, CaCl2 and NaNO3 methods exhibited relatively poor or no correlation with the metal content of barley roots. The stepwise multiple regression equation of the rhizosphere-based method was the simplest one, as no soil properties needed to be entered, whereas the equations for the DTPA, EDTA, CaCl2 and NaNO3 extraction methods always require those variables. The most distinct feature of the rhizosphere-based method was that the proposed method was suitable for acidic, neutral and near alkaline soils. In contrast, the other extraction methods were restricted to soil types. In summary, the rhizosphere-based method is the most robust approach for evaluation of bioavailability of metals in soil to barley. - The rhizosphere-based method is a preferred approach for evaluating bioavailability of metals in soil

  6. Design and synthesis of isoniazide mimetic conjugated with DTPA, potential ligand of novel radiopharmaceutical and contrast agent for medical imaging, Bis (amide) of diethyelene triaminepentaacetic acid: DTPA-Bis(INH)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The structure of isonicotinic acid hydrazide was coupled to diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) via amide linkage. The Overall yield of three steps synthesis starting from DTPA is above 80%. The new ligand binds with infection site through specific interaction with gene iniA, iniB and iniC under pathological conditions. In particular, complexation of DTPA moiety with 99mTc and Gd+III showed excellent results as metallopharmaceutical for medical imaging. Primary object of the present invention is to propose a novel INH derivative based on DTPA, which form stable complexes with most of lanthanides and transition metals in periodic table. Another object of the present invention is to introduce a chelating group without compromising its biological activity for early diagnosis of infection using nuclear medicine and MR techniques. The DTPA-Bis(INH) was synthesized in high yield using simple synthetic procedure. Radiochemical purity was ascertained chromatographically using different solvent system. Blood kinetics in rabbits and biodistribution in mice was studied. The ability of DTPA-Bis(INH) to target infection site in vivo was assessed in gamma scintigraphic studies of normal rabbit and a rabbit with induced tuberculosis. The DTPA-Bis(INH) was characterized by Mass spectroscopy in ESI positive mode, M+H+ was found to be 632.2.The complex was successfully labeled with 99mTc radionuclide with more than 95% labeling efficiency.It was found stable up to 24h. Blood kinetics showed rapid first pass clearance with biological half life t1/2 (F) = 11 min. Imaging of a normal rabbit and a rabbit with induced tuberculosis was carried out. An appreciable activity was visualized in liver and kidneys. In diseased rabbit similar pattern was observed with the accumulation of activity at the tubercular site at 24 h post injection. Biodistribution revealed major accumulation in liver 6.30±0.58%ID/g at 1 h and 6.25±0.11 at 4h and in kidneys 7.65±0.52%ID/g at 1h and 6.70±0

  7. Optimization of the DTPA mixed-anhydride reaction with antibodies at low concentration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) was conjugated with antibody to human serum albumin (Ab) at low concentration (300 μg/ml, 2.0 μM/ via the DTPA carboxycarbonyl mixed-anhydride method. To study parameters determining the balance between the degree of conjugation and the antibody-binding activaty of Ab, a known concentration of the anhydride prepared at isobutylchloroformate (IBC)-to-DTPA ratios of 1, 2.1, or 4.2 was reacted with Ab. The percentage yields of the anhydride were determined by spectrophotometric and gravimetric titration. By the former method the percentage yields, based on DTPA concentration, were 18, 24, and 220, respectively, when the IBC-to-DTPA ratios were 1, 2.1, and 4.2. The corresponding percentage yields were 17, 39, and 262 when determined by the latter method. When the anhydride was prepared at an IBC-to-DTPA ratio of 2.1, an optimum conjugation giving three indium atoms per Ab was obtained, wtih 64% retention of antibody-binding activity. For an IBC-to-DTPA ratio of 1, the antibody retained almost 100% binding activity but the number of indium atoms incorporated (0.2) was too small. For an IBC-to-DTPA ratio of 4.2, up to 22 indium atoms were incorporated but antibody-binding activity was completely destroyed

  8. A comparison of Ca-DTPA and Zn-DTPA for chelating 241Am in beagles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Results of a comparative study of the efficiency of removing body burdens of 241Am in beagles subjected to chelation therapy with either Ca-DTPA or Zn-DTPA are given. It is shown that on an equimolar basis the efficacy of the calcium salt is not greater than the zinc salt for treatments begun 2 weeks after radionuclide injection. The authors suggest that due to the much greater toxicity which has been shown for Ca-DTPA, it appears that Zn-DTPA should replace Ca-DTPA as treatment of choice in human cases. (U.K.)

  9. MR cisternography after intrathecal Gd-DTPA application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to establish and to evaluate MR cisternography after intrathecal Gd-DTPA administration to detect rhinobasal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistulae in patients with suspected CSF rhinorrhoea. Ten patients with suspected CSF rhinorrhoea were examined. The MR cisternography included the following investigation steps: acquisition of nonenhanced fat-suppressed T1-weighted spin-echo (SE) scans of the skull base and the paranasal sinuses, lumbar puncture with administration of 1 ml Gd-DTPA solute with 4 ml NaCl and performance of MR cisternography with the same fat-suppressed T1-weighted sequences as used initially. In 10 patients with suspected CSF rhinorrhoea Gd-DTPA enhanced MR cisternography detected 5 CSF fistulae. In 3 of 5 CSF leaks were located in the cribriform plate and in 2 of 5 sphenoidal. Whereas 4 of these depicted leaks were confirmed surgically, in 1 case the CSF fistula closed spontaneously. In another case, CSF leakage after severe head injury was clinically highly suspected but ceased prior to MR cisternography with inability to detect the temporary fistula. In the remaining 4 patients with serous rhinorrhoea MR cisternography did not provide any evidences for CSF fistulae. Intrathecal Gd-DTPA injection was tolerated excellently. Clinical and EEG examinations showed no gross behavioural or neurological disturbances and no seizure activity, respectively. The MR cisternography after intrathecal administration of Gd-DTPA represents a safe, promising and minimally invasive method for detection of CSF fistulae. This MR investigation provides excellent depiction of CSF spaces and pinpoints CSF fistulae. (orig.)

  10. Financial Derivatives (Based on Two Supports Evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiberiu Socaciu

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we build a PDE like Black-Scholes equation in hypothesis of a financial derivative that is dependent on two supports (usual is dependent only on one support, like am
    option based on gold, when national currency has a great float.
    Keywords: Financial derivatives, derivatives evaluation, derivatives based on two supports, extended Itō like lemma.

  11. Three-dimensional Gd-DTPA MR angiography of cerebral blood vessels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Subtraction angiography based on three-dimensional fast MR imaging techniques using rephasing and dephasing gradient pulses is widely used. Similar angiograms can be obtained with three-dimensional gradient techniques before and after the administration of Gd-DTPA followed by imaging subtraction. As Gd-DTPA does not penetrate the blood-brain barrier, it does not alter brain images. Measurements were carried out in 14 patients with a 1.0-T whole-body imager (Siemens, Magnetom). Gd-DTPA angiography was superior to rephased-dephased angiography because of the higher signal intensity, lower noise due to short echo times, and high contrast for moving spins caused by Gd-DTPA

  12. Synthesis and characterization of new low-molecular-weight lysine-conjugated Gd-DTPA contrast agents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laurent, Sophie; Burtea, Carmen; Vander Elst, Luce; Muller, Robert N

    2011-01-01

    Various blood pool contrast agents (CAs), characterized by intravascular distribution, have been developed to assist contrast enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). Among these CAs, the DTPA derivatives conjugated to synthetic polypeptides, such as polylysine, represent attractive candidates for blood pool imaging. However, due to the presence of charged residues located on their backbone, these agents are retained in the kidneys and this compromises their long blood half-life. In order to overcome this major drawback of the polylysine compounds, two new low-molecular-weight CAs were synthesized in the present work by conjugating four or six 1-p-isothiocyanatobenzyl-DTPA moieties to tri- or penta-Lys peptides [(Gd-DTPA)(4) Lys(3) and (Gd-DTPA)(6) Lys(5)], respectively. All the -NH(2) groups of Lys were thus blocked by covalent conjugation to DTPA. The stability and relaxometric properties of these compounds, as well as their pharmacokinetic and biodistribution characteristics, were then evaluated. The half-life in blood of these new polylysine derivatives, as determined in rats, is twofold longer than that of Gd-DTPA. The compounds could thus be optimal blood pool markers for MRA, which typically uses fast acquisition times. The absence of positive molecular charge did not limit their retention in kidneys 2 h after administration. On the other hand, (Gd-DTPA)(4) Lys(3) is retained in kidneys to a lesser extent than (Gd-DTPA)(6) Lys(5) . Their moderate retention in blood and their higher stability and relaxivity in comparison with Gd-DTPA highlight these polylysine derivatives as optimal compared with previously developed polylysine compounds. PMID:21861283

  13. 99mTc-DTPA dynamic SPECT and CT volumetry for measuring split renal function in live kidney donors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    )), respectively. SRF derived from DTPA/SPECT showed a better correlation with DMSA/SPECT and significantly fewer errors (P<0.05) than DTPA/P. A significant strong correlation was observed between SRF from DMSA/SPECT and CT, indicating the utility of CT renal volumetry for evaluating SRF. (author)

  14. A new radiolabelled somatostatin analogue [111In-DTPA-D-Phe1]RC-160: preparation, biological activity, receptor scintigraphy in rats and comparison with [111In-DTPA-D-Phe1]octeotide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have evaluated the potential usefulness of indium-111 labelled [DTPA-D-Phe1]RC-160, derived from the octapeptide somatostatin analogue RC-160, as a radiopharmaceutical for the in vivo detection of somatostatin receptor-positive tumours. For this purpose 111In- and 115In-labelled [DTPA-D-Phe1]RC-160 was tested for its biological activity, and applied for somatostatin receptor scintigraphy in vivo to rats bearing the transplantable rat pancreatic tumour CA20948, which expresses somatostatin receptors. We previously described the development of the 111In-labelled somatostatin analogue [DTPA-D-Phe1]octreotide and its use in the in vivo visualization of somatostatin receptor-positive tumours in rats and in humans. Like [111In-DTPA-D-Phe1]octreotide, [111In-DTPA-D-Phe1]RC-160 showed uptake in and specific binding in vivo to somatostatin receptor-positive organs and tumours, and the tumours were clearly visualized by gamma camera scintigraphy. However, as compared to [111In-DTPA-D-Phe1]octreotide, blood radioactivity (background) was higher, resulting in a lower tumour to blood (background) ratio. Using this animal model we therefore conclude that [111In-DTPA-D-Phe1]RC-160 has no advantage over [111In-DTPA-D-Phe1]octreotide as a radiopharmaceutical in the visualization of somatostatin receptors which bind both analogues. However, recent reports suggest the existence of different somatostatin receptor subtypes on some human cancers, which differentially bind RC-160 and not octreotide. These tumours include cancers of the breast, ovary, exocrine pancreas, prostate and colon. [111In-DTPA-D-Phe1]RC-160 might be of interest for future use in such cancer patients as a radiopharmaceutical for imaging somatostatin receptor-positive tumours, which do not bind octreotide. (orig.)

  15. Gadolinium-DTPA in magnetic resonance tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Magnetic resonance tomography was performed on 158 patients with different indications before and after the administration of contrast medium. The MR examination included various plain T1 and T2 weighted spin echo sequences as well as T1 weighted examinations after intravenous application of gadolinium-DTPA ('Magnevist', Schering AG) in a dosage of 0.1 mmol/kg body weight. The following conclusions were drawn: The sensitivity of MR in detecting brain tumors, acoustic neuromas and pituitary adenomas was improved considerably after the administration of 'Magnevist'. To diagnose the type of tumor, the criteria which apply to Gd-DPTA are similar to those used for iodine-containing contrast medium in CT. In about 2/3 rds of the cases, delineation of pathological tissues from surrounding edema and normal structures was better than in plain films. Hence, accurate, pretherapeutic staging of bronchial carcinomas and an exact definition of the expansion of the malignancies in the muscle-skeleton system were possible. In respect of tumors in the region of the base of the skull, we could omit T2-weighted sequences without noticeable loss of diagnostically relevant information; the examination time could thus be shortened by about 12 minutes. (orig.)

  16. Derivation of GFDM Based on OFDM Principles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hussein Moradi; Behrouz Farhang-Boroujeny

    2015-06-01

    This paper starts with discussing the principle based on which the celebrated orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) signals are constructed. It then extends the same principle to construct the newly introduced generalized frequency division multiplexing (GFDM) signals. This novel derivation sheds light on some interesting properties of GFDM. In particular, our derivation seamlessly leads to an implementation of GFDM transmitter which has significantly lower complexity than what has been reported so far. Our derivation also facilitates a trivial understanding of how GFDM (similar to OFDM) can be applied in MIMO channels.

  17. EDTA and DTPA modified ligands as sequestering agents for uranyl decorporation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Synthesis of modified EDTA and DTPA ligands and determination of their binding affinities for the uranyl cation are described. Thanks to a screening method, based on a chromophoric complex displacement procedure, chelating properties were studied in aqueous media under various pH conditions for evaluation of their in vivo uranyl-removal efficacy. Each ligand showed a more or less pronounced affinity for uranium. Specific ligands based on EDTA or DTPA analogues containing sulfo-catechol-amide (CAMS) were found to exhibit a significant affinity towards uranyl ion in acidic, neutral or basic conditions. (authors)

  18. Characterisation of Ho-DTPA and Y-DTPA complexes by capillary isotachophoresis and TLC with radiometric detection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Our work was focused on the study of the Ho-DTPA and Y-DTPA complexes. Thin-layer chromatography with radiometric detection was used to establish suitable conditions for the preparation of the complexes. The optimum pH of the reaction mixture, radionuclide-to-ligand ratio, reaction time and stability of the selected complex compounds were determined. Capillary isotachophoresis (ITP) with conductivity detection was employed to determine the physico-chemical properties (stability constants) of Ho-DTPA and Y-DTPA, making use of the existence of a good linear relationship between the stability constants of lanthanide-DTPA complexes and the zone reduction due to the bleeding effect (liberation of the free metal ion). A satisfactory agreement was obtained between the Ho-DTPA and Y-DTPA stability constants determined by ITP and those retrieved from the SC-Database

  19. Potential synergy between two renal toxicants: DTPA and uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At present, the most appropriate therapeutic approach to treat an accidental contamination with plutonium and uranium oxide mixture (MOX) is administration of diethylene-triamine-penta-acetate acid (DTPA) in order to accelerate plutonium excretion. As uranium and DTPA are both nephro-toxic compounds, the administration of DTPA after a contamination containing uranium could enhance the nephro-toxic effects of uranium. The aim of the present work was to study in vitro on a kidney proximal tubule cell line (LLC-PK1) the cytotoxicity induced by increasing concentrations of uranium in presence of 3 different chemical forms of DTPA. The results showed that the DTPA used alone induced no cytotoxicity at the concentration used here (420 μM). However, this concentration of DTPA increased the cytotoxicity induced by uranium. This increase was maximal for uranium concentrations close to the lethal concentration for 50% of the cells and reached 37, 31 and 28% for anhydrous DTPA, Na3CaDTPA and Na3ZnDTPA, respectively. These results suggest that administration of DTPA could enhance the nephrotoxicity induced by uranium. (authors)

  20. Holmium-166-DTPA as a liquid source for endovascular brachytherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liquid radiation sources with β emitters have advantages of accurate positioning and uniform dose distribution to the vessel walls to prevent the restenosis of coronary artery. As a liquid radiation source, 166Ho-DTPA was prepared and evaluated its in-vivo pharmacokinetic behavior through animal studies. 166Ho-DTPA was prepared by simple mixing the Holmium with DTPA at room temperature. The radiolabelling yield was 100% when the DTPA/Holmium molar ratio was >2. Radiolabelling of 166Ho-DTPA was not dependent on the pH range of 1.7-7.5. High radiochemical stability (>98%) was maintained over a period of 6 hours even with a radioactivity (∼11.1 GBq/12 mg of DTPA) stored at room temperature. Biodistribution of 166Ho-DTPA in rats and gamma camera images in rabbits showed that 166Ho-DTPA was quickly excreted via the urinary system. The average of Tmax and T1/2 of 166Ho-DTPA in the kidneys of rabbits were 3.71 ± 1.18 min and 9.15 ± 3.15 min. 166Ho-DTPA is a potential liquid radiation source for radiation brachytherapy to prevent the restenosis of the coronary artery using a liquid-filled balloon

  1. Action of DTPA on hepatic plutonium. II. DTPA-induced removal of monomeric plutonium from mouse liver parenchymal cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liver parenchymal cells were isolated 6 and 24 hr following the administration of diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA, 0.25 mmole/kg) to mice previously injected with 239Pu-citrate (4.4 μCi/kg). Isolated parenchymal cells contained 440 dpm Pu/106 cells at 24 hr after Pu injection, just prior to DTPA administration. The PU content decreased to 330 dpm/106 cells at 6 hr and 140 dpm/106 cells at 24 hr after DTPA administration. Thus DTPA induced a striking decrease in the Pu content of isolated liver parenchymal cells. Parenchymal cells isolated from control mice not treated with DTPA changed little in Pu content from 24 to 48 hr after Pu injection. By 24 hr after DTPA treatment, the decrease in the Pu content of isolated liver parenchymal cells could account for the DTPA-induced release of Pu from the intact liver. Thus in the liver DTPA appears to act preferentially on the Pu associated with parenchymal cells. Liver parenchymal cells isolated 6 hr after DTPA administration and containing 330 dpm Pu/106 cells were incubated in vitro in the absence of added DTPA. After 18 hr of incubation the cells contained 130 dpm Pu/106 cells. This level corresponds to the level observed in cells isolated 24 hr after DTPA administration. Cells isolated from untreated mice lost only 15% of their Pu content during a similar in vitro incubation. Thus, by 6 hr after DTPA administration to the mouse, isolated liver parenchymal cells appeared to retain their ability to release Pu in vitro with no need for additional exposure to DTPA. The physiological significance of this finding is discussed

  2. Significance of 111In-DTPA chelate in renal radioactivity levels of 111In-DTPA-conjugated peptides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Metabolic studies of 111In-DTPA-labeled polypeptides and peptides showed that the radiolabeled (poly)peptides generated 111In-DTPA-adducts of amino acid that possess long residence times in the lysosomal compartment of the tissues where (poly)peptides accumulated. However, a recent study suggested that metal-chelate-methionine (Met) might possess in vivo behaviors different from metal-chelate adducts of other amino acids. In this study, to elucidate whether some biological characteristics of Met may accelerate the renal elimination rate of 111In-DTPA-adduct of Met into urine, 111In-DTPA-Met1-octreotide was synthesized and the renal handling of 111In-DTPA-Met was investigated using 111In-DTPA-L-Phe1-octreotide (Phe represents phenylalanine), which was reported previously, as a reference. Both 111In-DTPA-conjugated octreotide analogs were stable against 3-h incubation in murine serum at 37 deg. C. Both 111In-DTPA-octreotide analogs also showed rapid clearance of the radioactivity from the blood and similar accumulation of the radioactivity in the kidney. No significant differences were observed in the renal radioactivity levels from 10 min to 24 h postinjection between the two. Metabolic studies indicated that 111In-DTPA-Met1-octreotide and 111In-DTPA-L-Phe1-octreotide generated 111In-DTPA-adducts of Met and Phe, respectively, as the final radiometabolites at similar rates. These findings suggested that the long residence times of the radioactivity in tissues after administration of 111In-DTPA-labeled peptides and polypeptides would be attributed to inherent characteristics of 111In-DTPA chelate

  3. Optimum condition for 99mTc-DTPA-ketoconazole labeling as a radiopharmaceutical for fungal infection detection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The symptoms of infectious disease at an early stage can't be distinguished between bacterial, fungal or viral infections and often make the treatment become improper. Effective treatment, also maximum cure can be achieved if the diagnosis is accurate. In this research, drug-targeting relationship based for fungal infection diagnosis has been developed. The 99mTc-DTPA-ketoconazole radiopharmaceutical as a radiotracer was used for diagnosis of fungi infection present in the body as a target. The objective of this research is to obtain the 99mTc-DTPA-ketoconazole using indirect labeling techniques with diethylene triamine penta acetic acid (DTPA) as a co-ligand or bifunctional agent. The result showed that the optimum condition for 99mTc-DTPA-ketoconazole labeling with high radiochemical purity of 97.77±0.33% were 2 mg ketoconazole, 1.125 mg DTPA, 37.5 µg SnCl2.2H2O, pH=4.5 and incubation time at room temperature is 5 minutes. Invivo uptake test has been carried out, and the result showed high ratio of infected and non infected organ (I/NI) 2 hours post injection, that was 3.16±0.04 (n=5). From the results, it can be concluded that the optimum condition of 99mTc-DTPA-ketoconazole has been established and meets the radiochemical purity requirement as a radiopharmaceutical. (author)

  4. Excretion of DTPA from human body and the effect of DTPA on the excretion of 241Am in urine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The excretion of DTPA in urine was studied after intramuscular injection or inhalation as an aerosol. For two administration of DTPA, the excretion fraction of DTPA in urine can be described by sum of two exponent functions. For intramuscular injection, the fast removal part is about 97% of all the activity administered with a half-life of 88 minutes; the slow removal part is about 3% with a half-life of 292 minutes; the excretion rate of DTPA within 24 hours is about 99%. For inhalation of DTPA, the fast removal part is about 81% with a half-life of 92 minutes; the slow removal part is about 19% with a half-life of 624 minutes. The therapeutic effect of DTPA on 241Am is good, the average excretion of 241Am in urine after treatment is 18 times more than that before treatment

  5. Labeling and biodistribution of Re-188-DTPA (diethylenetriminepentaaceticacid)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Re-188 is useful candidate for therapeutic radionuclide because it has a physical half life of 17 hours, contains beta emissions suitable for therapy(maximum energy 2.12MeV) and emits a gamma ray that is suitable for quantitative diagnostic scanning (155keV). To use Re-188 as a radionuclide compound of angioplasty balloon radiotherapy, we investigated the labelling method and biodistribution of Re-188-DTPA. We postulated that labeled Re-188-DTPA is preferable because it would be excreted via urinary system more easily than other compounds. To label Re-188 with DTPA, 1ml of 222MBq(6mCi) of Re-188 was added to DTPA solution (DTPA 20mg, SnCl2·2H2O 10mg, pH 3.5) and boiled at 100 .deg. C for 120min in water bath. pH was adjusted to 5 with 2.3% sodium acetate. Labeling efficiency was measured using TLC-SG(acetone, saline). We evaluated biodistribution of Re-188-DTPA in sacrificed mice at 10 and 60 minutes after injection. We acquired images of kidneys, and drew time-activity curves in normal dogs and rats and calculated Tmax and T1/2 in rats. The labelling efficiency was 95.7% on average. Labelling of Re-188-DTPA was stable(90% after 5 hours) in vitro at room temperature. According to time-activity curves of dogs and rats, it took 15 to 20 minutes, after injection for Re-188-DTPA to be washed out though kidneys. In conclusion, Re-188-DTPA was successfully labeled, Re-188-DTPA was stable in vitro and was excreted early via kidneys in animals. We could recommend Re-188-DTPA as radionuclide of potential use in angioplasty balloon radiotherapy

  6. CanthebiliaryenhancementofGd-EOB-DTPA predictthedegreeofliverfunction?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Masahiro Okada; Kazunari Ishii; Kazushi Numata; Tomoko Hyodo; Seishi Kumano; Masayuki Kitano; Masatoshi Kudo; Takamichi Murakami

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Excretion of gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethyl-enetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA) in the bile may be related to liver function, because of elimination from the liver after preferential uptake by hepatocytes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between liver and biliary enhancement in patients with or without liver dysfunction, and to compare the tumor-to-liver contrast in these patients. METHODS: Forty patients [group 1: normal liver and Child-Pugh class A in 20 patients, group 2:Child-Pugh class B in 18 patients and Child-Pugh C in 2] were evaluated. All patients underwent MR imaging of the liver using a 1.5-Tesla system. T1-weighted 3D images were obtained at 5, 10, 15 and 20 minutes after Gd-EOB-DTPA injection. The relation between group 3 (total bilirubin RESULTS:Liver enhancement showed signiifcant difference at all time points between groups 1 and 2. Biliary enhancement did not show a signiifcant difference between groups 1 and 2 at 5 minutes, but did at 10, 15 and 20 minutes. At 20 minutes, signiifcant differences between groups 3 and 4 were seen for liver and biliary enhancement. At all time points, liver enhancement correlated with biliary enhancement in both groups. At 5 minutes and 20 minutes, statistical differences between groups 1 and 2 were seen for tumor-to-liver ratio. CONCLUSIONS: The degree of biliary enhancement has a close correlation to that of liver enhancement. It is especially important that insufifcient liver enhancement causes lower tumor-to-liver contrast in the hepatobiliary phase of Gd-EOB-DTPA.

  7. Liver fibrosis and Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI: A histopathologic correlation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verloh, Niklas; Utpatel, Kirsten; Haimerl, Michael; Zeman, Florian; Fellner, Claudia; Fichtner-Feigl, Stefan; Teufel, Andreas; Stroszczynski, Christian; Evert, Matthias; Wiggermann, Philipp

    2015-01-01

    Gadolinium ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA) is a hepatocyte-specific MRI contrast agent. Because the hepatic uptake of Gd-EOB-DTPA depends on the integrity of the hepatocyte mass, this uptake can be quantified to assess liver function. We report the relationship between the extent of Gd-EOB-DTPA uptake and the degree of liver fibrosis. T1-weighted volume-interpolated breath-hold examination (VIBE) sequences with fat suppression were acquired before and 20 minutes after contrast injection. Strong correlations of the uptake characteristics of Gd-EOB-DTPA with the relative enhancement (RE) of the liver parenchyma and the grade of fibrosis/cirrhosis, classified using the Ishak scoring system, were observed. The subdivisions between the grades of liver fibrosis based on RE were highly significant for all combinations, and a ROC revealed sensitivities ≥82% and specificities ≥87% for all combinations. MR imaging is a satisfactorily sensitive method for the assessment of liver fibrosis/cirrhosis. PMID:26478097

  8. Treatment of actinide exposures: a review of Ca-DTPA injections inside CEA-COGEMA plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Calcium diethylenetriamine pent-acetate (Ca-DTPA) has been used for medical treatment of plutonium and americium contaminations in the CEA and COGEMA plants from 1970 to 2003. This paper is a survey of the injections Ca-DTPA administered as a chelating molecule and it will be a part of the authorization process for Ca-DTPA by intravenous administration. Out of 1158 injections administered to 469 persons, 548 events of possible or confirmed contamination were reported. These employees were followed by occupational physicians according to the current French regulations. These incidents took place at work, were most often minor, not requiring follow-up treatment. The authors present (1) a synthesis of the most recent findings. Due to its short biological half-time and its limited action in the blood, Ca-DTPA does not chelate with plutonium and americium as soon as these elements are deposited in the target organs. It justifies an early treatment, even in cases of suspected contamination followed by additional injections if necessary (2) data concerning these 1158 injections (route of contamination, dosage, adverse effects, etc.) The authors also investigated a study on the efficacy of the product on a group of persons having received five or more injections. These results were compared with the efficacy estimated theoretically. Dosages and therapeutic schemes were proposed based on these observations. This synthesis is the result of a collective work having mobilized the occupational medicine departments, the medical laboratories inside a working group CEA-COGEMA-SPRA. (authors)

  9. Determination of DTPA in urine by paper chromatography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A paper chromatographic assay has been developed for measuring DTPA in urine to within 10% at concentrations greater than 10-5 M. This rapid method is subject to few interferences, needs only 10 to 20 μl of urine, and requires minimal handling of radioactive urine. The method has been tested on in vitro and in vivo DTPA-spiked urine samples

  10. Action of DTPA on hepatic plutonium. I. Quantitation of the DTPA-induced biliary excretion of plutonium in the rat

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rats received an intravenous injection of 0.1 μCi of 239Pu-citrate (approximately 0.5 μCi/kg). At 24 hr after Pu injection, the bile ducts were cannulated and diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA, 0.25 mmole/kg) was injected intravenously. The amount of Pu appearing in the bile during the first 24 hr after DTPA injection was determined. In addition, the decrease in Pu content of the liver 24 hr after DTPA administration was measured in both bile duct-cannulated and noncannulated rats and compared to the amount of Pu appearing in the bile. Bile collected from control rats receiving saline instead of DTPA contained 0.40 +- 0.08 nCi of Pu (mean +- SE, n = 3), while bile collected for 24 hr after DTPA administration contained 7.2 +- 0.4 nCi Pu (mean +- SE, n = 6). Thus, DTPA administration brought about a striking increase in biliary Pu excretion. The mean decrease in liver Pu content 24 hr after DTPA administration to rats whole bile ducts were not cannulated was 7.4 +- 1.4 nCi (mean +- SE, n = 6); the corresponding decrease calculated for three bile duct-cannulated rats was 7.2 +- 1.3 nCi. We have demonstrated, therefore, a nearly exact correspondence between the amount of Pu removed from the liver and that appearing in the bile following DTPA administration to the rat

  11. Efficacy of liver parenchymal enhancement and liver volume to standard liver volume ratio on Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI for estimation of liver function

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoneyama, Tomohide; Fukukura, Yoshihiko; Kamimura, Kiyohisa; Takumi, Koji; Umanodan, Aya; Nakajo, Masayuki [Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Department of Radiology, Kagoshima City (Japan); Ueno, Shinichi [Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Department of Surgical Oncology and Digestive Surgery, Kagoshima City (Japan)

    2014-04-15

    We aimed to develop and assess the efficacy of a liver function index that combines liver enhancement and liver volume to standard liver volume (LV/SLV) ratio on gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced MRI. In all, 111 patients underwent a Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI, including T1 mapping, before and 20 min after Gd-EOB-DTPA administration. We calculated the following Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI-based liver function indices: relative enhancement of the liver, corrected enhancement of the liver-to-spleen ratio, LSC{sub N}20, increase rate of the liver-to-muscle ratio, reduction rate of T1 relaxation time of the liver, ΔR1 of the liver and K{sub Hep}; the indices were multiplied by the LV/SLV ratio. We calculated the correlations between an indocyanine green (ICG) clearance and the Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI-based liver function indices multiplied by the LV/SLV ratio, by using Pearson correlation analysis. There were significant correlations between all Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI-based liver function indices and ICG clearance (r = -0.354 to -0.574, P < 0.001). All Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI-based liver function indices multiplied by the LV/SLV ratio (r = -0.394 to -0.700, P < 0.001) were more strongly correlated with the ICG clearance than those without multiplication by the LV/SLV ratio. Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI-based liver function indices that combine liver enhancement and the LV/SLV ratio may more reliably estimate liver function. (orig.)

  12. Does the application of gadolinium-DTPA have an impact on magnetic resonance phase contrast velocity measurements? Results from an in vitro study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heverhagen, J.T. E-mail: heverhag@post.med.uni-marburg.de; Hoppe, M.; Klose, K.-J.; Wagner, H.-J

    2002-10-01

    Introduction/objective: To evaluate the potential influence of various concentrations of gadolinium (Gd)-DTPA on magnetic resonance phase contrast (MR PC) velocimetry. Material and methods: Imaging was done with a 1.0 T scanner using a standard Flash 2D sequence and a circular polarized extremity coil. In a validated flow phantom with a defined 75% area stenosis different concentrations of Gd-DTPA, diluted in a 10:1 water-yogurt mixture, MR PC measurements were correlated with a Doppler guide wire as gold standard. Results: MR PC measurements correlated well with the Doppler derived data (r=0.99; P<0.01; maximum pre-stenotic velocity: 21.6{+-}0.5 cm/s; maximum intra-stenotic velocity: 81.7{+-}0.6 cm/s). Following Gd-DTPA administration no significant (P>0.05; Student's t-test) flow measurement changes were noted (maximum pre-stenotic velocity: 21.3{+-}1.3 cm/s; maximum intra-stenotic velocity: 84.0{+-}3.6 cm/s). However, delineation of the perfused lumen was enhanced after the application of Gd-DTPA. Discussions and conclusion: The application of Gd-DTPA does not affect MR PC velocimetry. However, the application of contrast media allowed a more accurate vessel segmentation. MR PC measurements can be reliably carried out after application of Gd-DTPA.

  13. Teratologic effectiveness and fetal toxicity of DTPA in the rat

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ca-DTPA, injected intraperitoneally in rats from day 8 through 12 of gestation, was embryocidal in doses larger than 8-HD (eight times the human dose of 28.7 μmol/kg body weight). The effect was 100 percent fatal at doses greater than 16-HD. No fetal deaths occurred from Zn-DTPA, even at 64-HD. Some fetuses from dams receiving greater than 8-HD of either salt showed an increase in hydronephrosis and some alteration in kidney structure. A few minor skeletal abnormalities were also observed at these doses. In general, the teratologic effects of DTPA, if any, were minor and sporadic. (U.S.)

  14. Measurement of split glomerular filtration rate by fractional renal uptake of Tc-99m DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The percent renal uptake of Tc-99m DTPA, within 2 to 3 minutes following the radionuclide appearance into the kidneys according to the method by Gates, was correlated well with the sodium thiosulfate clearance determination (n = 75, r = 0.846) as well as the 24-hour creatinine clearance determination (n = 47, r = 0.893). Therefore, the formula for calculation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was derived from the linear regression analysis between renal uptake of Tc-99m DTPA and sodium thiosulfate clearance determination, accordingly: GFR (ml/min.) = 8.775 x (% total renal uptake) + 9.685. In the 31 patients without nephrouropathy, the split GFR of left kidney was 53.6 +- 10.9 ml/min. and that of right kidney was 52.0 +- 11.1 ml/min. The radionuclide computed GFR was also examined for the evaluation of split function of renal parenchyma, in comparison with Tc-99m DTPA renogram pattern. In most cases with standard renogram pattern, the split GFR showed the values over 35 ml/min. Most cases with hypofunctioning renogram pattern showed the values of split GFR within the range of 20-35 ml/min. And most cases with nonfunctioning renogram pattern showed the values under 20 ml/min. In the present study, the split GFR determination was found to be a useful and reliable method for the quantitative evaluation of split function of renal parenchyma. (author)

  15. Is Gadolinium-DTPA required for routine cranial MR imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gd-DTPA was administered prospectively to 500 consecutive children and adults referred for routine cranial MR imaging. Blinded readings were performed by two observers, and the results were analyzed in terms of specific criteria to define radio-graphic helpfulness. Gadolinium enhancement of lesions was noted in 99 of 500 cases (19.8%) and was helpful in 74 (15%). In only 15 of 500 cases (3%) did Gd-DTPA permit detection of lesions not also apparent on precontrast images. Lack of contrast enhancement was considered helpful in 112 of 500 cases (22%). Overall, Gd-DTPA administration provided radiographically helpful information in 171 of 500 cases (34%). The cost-effectiveness of administering Gd-DTPA to a nonselected patient population where clinical history is available is analyzed and discussed

  16. Gadolinium-DTPA enhanced MR imaging in tuberous sclerosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ten patients with clinical tuberous sclerosis were examined with CT and MR imaging, before and after IV contrast in order to determine the role of Gd-DTPA. Gd-DTPA enhancement occurred in eleven subependymal nodules which did not enhance on CT after IV contrast. As illustrated by previous CT and pathologic observations and related to the histologic similarity of the subependymal nodules and giant-cell astrocytomas, these hyperintense nodules could represent active lesions with the potential to evolve. Four giant-cell astrocytomas were detected both with CT and Gd-DTPA-enhanced MRI; tumor conspicuity and size assessment were improved by postcontrast MRI in two cases. No cortical tuber or heterotopic cluster enhanced; T2-weighted sequences therefore remain necessary for their detection. If pre- and post-Gd-DTPA T1- and T2-weighted imaging is negative, CT is clearly the most sensitive modality in the detection of the small calcified subependymal nodules. (orig.)

  17. Lung 99Tcsup(m)-DTPA transfer: a method for background correction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A method to correct for background in lung 99Tcsup(m)-DTPA transfer has been developed for use with a large field of view gamma camera. The method gives comparable values of T50 to those obtained by previous work. The correction factors vary from apex to base; therefore to allow intersegmental T50 comparisons each segment should be corrected for background using its own correction factor. (author)

  18. A multiple regression analysis for accurate background subtraction in 99Tcm-DTPA renography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A technique for accurate background subtraction in 99Tcm-DTPA renography is described. The technique is based on a multiple regression analysis of the renal curves and separate heart and soft tissue curves which together represent background activity. It is compared, in over 100 renograms, with a previously described linear regression technique. Results show that the method provides accurate background subtraction, even in very poorly functioning kidneys, thus enabling relative renal filtration and excretion to be accurately estimated. (author)

  19. Preparation of albumin microspheriods containing Zn-DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zn-DTPA was encapsulated in materials presenting both a lipid surface (liposomes) and a protein surface. The amount of Zn-DTPA incorporated was on the order of 10-18 to 10-20 moles for a l-μm diameter capsule; barely enough to complex the Pu contained in a moderate-size Pu polymer. Neither type of microcapsule caused distress or gross lung lesions when inhaled by, or intracheally administered to rats

  20. Trial of MR cholangiopancreatography combined with Gd-DTPA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ikeda, Koshi; Ha-Kawa, S.K.; Kurokawa, Hiroaki; Nakano, Yoshihisa; Tanaka, Yoshimasa [Kansai Medical Univ., Moriguchi, Osaka (Japan); Asakura, Tamaki; Maeda, Toshihiko; Ohshima, Taichi

    1997-08-01

    Gd-DTPA can be used as a negative contrast agent on T2-weighted images because of T2 shortening effect. Fast asymmetric spin echo (FASE) sequences were used on magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). Precontrast images showed high signal intensity in choledochalpancreatic venous plexus, which aggravated visualization of the bile duct and pancreatic duct. Intravenous administration of Gd-DTPA reduced signal intensity in pericholedochal or peripancreatic small veins, and improved image quality of MRCP. (author)

  1. MR-angiography with intravenous administration of Gd-DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We carried out phase contrast MR-angiography of the lower extremities with intravenous administration of Gd-DTPA. Five healthy male volunteers, 25 to 40 years of age, were examined with a 0.5T MRI unit. We used fast scan (gradient echo) technique and it took about 8 minutes for whole procedure. Images were obtained before and after intravenous injection of Gd-DTPA. Injection dose was 0.1 mmol/kg. In two cases, we got images with variable flip angles. However angles of 30 or 40 degrees were thought to be best on the scan with Gd-DTPA. In three cases, we repeated short time procedures for about 4 minutes each time and continued to check the signal intensities of vessels for as long as one hour. The signal intensities greatly increased soon after administration of Gd-DTPA, and then they gradually decreased, but for as long as 60 minutes after administration they remained much higher than those before administration of Gd-DTPA. MR-angiography with Gd-DTPA was found very useful to demonstrate the peripheral femoral vessels clearly. No significant side effect was noticed in any case. Therefore, this method was thought to be very useful clinically. (author)

  2. MR Gd-DTPA enhancement of radiation brain injury

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    MR examinations of 104 patients who had undergone radiotherapy to the brain were reviewed. Thirty-six patients received Gd-DTPA enhanced study during the course of MR evaluation and six of the patients showed enhancing radiation necrosis. Histopathological confirmations were obtained in three patients. Gd-DTPA enhancing radiation lesions were multiple and patchy in three patients, multiple and patchy with cyst formation in two and ring shaped in one. In terms of their distribution, enhancing lesions in four patients were seen only in the white matter within the irradiated field and these patients had undergone radiotherapy within five years. The interval after radiotherapy was more than eight years in two patients and their enhanced lesions were observed in both the white and gray matter. Histopathological findings of Gd-DTPA enhancing radiation necrosis were gliosis and coalescing vacuoles of the neural tissue. None of these enhanced radiation lesions showed significant mass effects. Patterns of the enhancement were not specific. it was considered to be difficult to differentiate tumor recurrence from radiation necrosis with conventional Gd-DTPA enhanced MR examinations. In one patient, delayed MR images after GD-DTPA administration showed increases in the size and number of radiation enhanced lesions. Dynamic and delayed MR study might add more information to conventional imaging after Gd-DTPA. Further studies are necessary to differentiate radiation lesions from tumor recurrences. (author)

  3. Value of the Gd-DTPA contrast enhanced MR in patients with failed back surgery syndrome

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gd-DTPA contrast - enhanced MR enables differentiation between postoperative scar and recurrent prolapse of nucleus pulposus (RPNP). Pre- and post-contrast MR studies in 40 patients with failed back surgery syndrome, previously treated surgically on 54 intervertebral levels, were evaluated. Presence of RPNP was confirmed on 4, postoperative scars on 35 and both condition on 15 invertebral levels. Correct interpretation of pathologic changes on 15 invertebral levels (28%) was only possible after contrast enhancement. Contrast enhancement of scar excluded the diagnosis of coexistence of RPNP and scar, based on pre-contrast MR studies. MR with Gd-DTPA contrast enhancement is the best diagnostic method in patients with failed back surgery syndrome (author)

  4. Elucidating the radical kinetics involved in the radiolytic destruction of lanthanide-complexed DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The reprocessing of nuclear fuels to extract the remaining actinides is one of the most important strategies for viable nuclear power in the future, as geologic waste disposal of high-level radioactive waste could have considerable negative impacts on the environment. As many of these strategies are based on solvent extraction processes, our aim is to establish the radiolytic stability of the component extraction ligands. The oxidative stability of the lanthanide metal-complexed extraction ligand DTPA (diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid) has been investigated through its reaction rate constant with the hydroxyl radical under TALSPEAK acidic pH conditions, both for the free ligand and complexed with Eu3+, Lu3+ and Gd3+. Specific rate constants were obtained over a range of pH conditions using thiocyanate competition kinetics. The rate constants for the complexed metals are seen to be greater than the corresponding values determined for only the DTPA protonated ligands at these pHs. (author)

  5. Pricing Model of Multiattribute Derivatives Based on Mixed Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    By Analyzing the behavior and character of derivative security, the authorsestablished a pricing model of multiattribute derivative security whose underlying asset pricingprocess is a mixed process, and obtained a new model for option pricing of multiattribute derivatives based on mixed process, and improved some original results.

  6. Preparation of 177Lu-DTPA-BIS-BIOTIN and biodistribution evaluation in normal mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The labeling method for 177Lu-DTPA-BIS-BIOTIN was established, and the biodistribution of 177Lu-DTPA-BIS-BIOTIN in normal mice was carried out as well. Under the optimal experimental condition (DTPA-BIS-BIOTIN 25 μg, pH=4.5 reacting at 80 degree C for 20 min), the labeling yield of 177Lu-DTPA-BIS-BIOTIN is more than 99.0%. 177Lu-DTPA-BIS-BIOTIN shows pretty good in vitro stability. The biodistribution of 177Lu-DTPA-BIS-BIOTIN in normal mice shows a rapid blood clearance. The uptake of 177Lu-DTPA-BIS-BIOTIN is mainly accumulated in liver, spleen and kidney. 177Lu-DTPA-BIS-BIOTIN is excreted by kidney. The results provide the basis for further study on 177Lu-DTPA-BIS-BIOTIN used in pretargeted radioimage and radiotherapy of cancer. (authors)

  7. Conversion of arterial input functions for dual pharmacokinetic modeling using Gd-DTPA/MRI and 18F-FDG/PET.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poulin, Eric; Lebel, Réjean; Croteau, Etienne; Blanchette, Marie; Tremblay, Luc; Lecomte, Roger; Bentourkia, M'hamed; Lepage, Martin

    2013-03-01

    Reaching the full potential of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-positron emission tomography (PET) dual modality systems requires new methodologies in quantitative image analyses. In this study, methods are proposed to convert an arterial input function (AIF) derived from gadolinium-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA) in MRI, into a (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) AIF in PET, and vice versa. The AIFs from both modalities were obtained from manual blood sampling in a F98-Fisher glioblastoma rat model. They were well fitted by a convolution of a rectangular function with a biexponential clearance function. The parameters of the biexponential AIF model were found statistically different between MRI and PET. Pharmacokinetic MRI parameters such as the volume transfer constant (K(trans)), the extravascular-extracellular volume fraction (ν(e)), and the blood volume fraction (ν(p)) calculated with the Gd-DTPA AIF and the Gd-DTPA AIF converted from (18)F-FDG AIF normalized with or without blood sample were not statistically different. Similarly, the tumor metabolic rates of glucose (TMRGlc) calculated with (18) F-FDG AIF and with (18) F-FDG AIF obtained from Gd-DTPA AIF were also found not statistically different. In conclusion, only one accurate AIF would be needed for dual MRI-PET pharmacokinetic modeling in small animal models. PMID:22570280

  8. Complexation thermodynamics and structural studies of trivalent actinide and lanthanide complexes with DTPA, MS-325 and HMDTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The protonation constants of DTPA (diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid) and two derivatives of DTPA, 1-R(4,4-diphenyl cyclohexyl-phosphonyl-methyl diethylenentriaminepentaacetic acid) (MS-325) and (R)-hydroxymethyl-diethylenentriaminepentaacetic acid (HMDTPA) were determined by potentiometric titration in 0.1 M NaClO4. The formation of 1: 1 complexes of Am3+, Cm3+ and Ln3+ cations with these three ligands were investigated by potentiometric titration with competition by ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and the solvent extraction method in aqueous solutions of I=0.10 M NaClO4. The thermodynamic data of complexation were determined by the temperature dependence of the stability constants and by calorimetry. The complexation is exothermic and becomes weaker with increase in temperature. The complexation strength of these ligands follows the order: DTPA ∼ HMDTPA > MS-325. Eu3+/Cm3+ luminescence, EXAFS (Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure) and DFT (Density Functional Theory) calculations suggest that all three ligands are octadentate in the complex. In the complex, M(L)2- (L = DTPA, MS-325 and HMDTPA). The M3+ binds via five carboxylates oxygen atoms, three nitrogen atoms, and the complex contains one water of hydration. (orig.)

  9. Improved measurement of the glomerular filtration rate from Tc-99m DTPA scintigraphy in patients following nephrectomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We aimed to improve Tc-99m DTPA glomerular filtration rate (GFR) scintigraphy (Gates' method) in a prospective study using Cr-51 EDTA GFR test as a gold standard. Fifty-seven Tc-99m DTPA GFR scintigrams in 45 subjects (male/female = 33:12, age = 45.9 ± 17.6 years, 14 healthy volunteers and 31 nephrectomised patients) were compared using Cr-51 EDTA GFR tests. Using the %renal uptake of Tc-99m DTPA and Cr-51 EDTA GFR, a revised equation for GFR was established through linear regression analysis. The revised equation for improved GFR was GFR(mL/min) = (%renal uptake x 11.7773) - 0.7354. Gates' original GFRs (70.1 ± 20.5 mL/min/1.73 m2) were significantly lower than Cr-51 EDTA GFRs (97.0 ± 31.9 mL/min/1.73 m2; P 2) were not different from (P = 0.7360) and had a significant correlation with (r = 0.73, P < 0.0001) the Cr-51 EDTA GFRs. The revised GFR equation effectively demonstrated perioperative GFR changes in kidneys that were operated on and the contralateral kidneys at 3 and 6 months post-partial nephrectomy (n = 25). GFR measurement using Tc-99m DTPA scintigraphy could be significantly improved by a revised equation derived from the comparison with Cr-51 EDTA GFR. (orig.)

  10. Photocatalytic Based Degradation Processes of Lignin Derivatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Colin Awungacha Lekelefac

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Photocatalysis, belonging to the advanced oxidation processes (AOPs, is a potential new transformation technology for lignin derivatives to value added products (e.g., phenol, benzene, toluene, and xylene. Moreover, lignin represents the only viable source to produce aromatic compounds as fossil fuel alternative. This review covers recent advancement made in the photochemical transformation of industrial lignins. It starts with the photochemical reaction principle followed by results obtained by varying process parameters. In this context, influences of photocatalysts, metal ions, additives, lignin concentration, and illumination intensity and the influence of pH are presented and discussed. Furthermore, an overview is given on several used process analytical methods describing the results obtained from the degradation of lignin derivatives. Finally, a promising concept by coupling photocatalysis with a consecutive biocatalytic process was briefly reviewed.

  11. Base-Modified Nucleosides: Etheno Derivatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jahnz-Wechmann, Zofia; Framski, Grzegorz R.; Januszczyk, Piotr A.; Boryski, Jerzy

    2016-01-01

    This review presents synthesis and chemistry of nucleoside analogs, possessing an additional fused, heterocyclic ring of the “etheno” type, such as 1,N6-ethenoadenosine, 1,N4-ethenocytidine, 1,N2-ethenoguanosine, and other related derivatives. Formation of ethenonucleosides, in the presence of α-halocarbonyl reagents and their mechanism, stability, and degradation, reactions of substitution and transglycosylation, as well as their application in the nucleoside synthesis, have been described. Some of the discussed compounds may be applied as chemotherapeutic agents in antiviral and anticancer treatment, acting as pro-nucleosides of already known, biologically active nucleoside analogs. PMID:27200341

  12. Biodistribution of Ru-97-labeled DTPA, DMSA and transferrin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ruthenium-97 is being produced at the Brookhaven Linac Isotope Producer (BLIP). The favorable physical properties of Ru-97 and chemical reactivity of ruthenium offer a potential for using this isotope to label compounds useful for delayed scanning. Diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA), 2,3-Dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA), and Transferrin (TF) were labeled with Ru-97-chloride. Ru-97-DTPA and In-111-DTPA, injected intravenously, showed similar organ distribution, kinetics, and more than 80% excretion by 0.5 h. Ru-97-DTPA and In-111-DTPA injected into the cisterna magna of dogs showed similar kinetics in brain, blood, and urinary bladder. The energy deposited by 1 mCi In-111-DTPA is twice that from 1 mCi Ru-97-DTPA. High quality camera images of the CSF space in the dog were obtained with both isotopes. Ru-97-DMSA was prepared with and without the addition of SnCl2.2H2O. Tin-free DMSA was rapidly excreted via the kidneys, whereas for maximum cortical deposition, the tin-containing preparation was superior. This compound is suitable for delayed imaging of both normal and impaired kidneys. Tissue distribution studies were performed in abscess-bearing rats with Ru-97-transferrin. Although blood levels were higher than with Ga-67-citrate, the abscess had twice as much Ru-97-TF as Ga-67-citrate and the Ru-97 muscle activity was one-third that of Ga-67. Imaging of abscess-bearing rabbits with Ru-97-TF visualized the abscesses as early as 1/2 hr after injection. Since the initial images visualize the abscess so clearly and since the TF portion of the compound binds to the abscess, Tc-99m-TF is being studied for the same purpose. Ru-97-labeled compounds are a promising replacement for In-111 and possibly also for Ga-67 compounds with the advantages of lower radiation dose and high quality image

  13. Actinides exposure: review of Ca-DTPA injections inside Cea-Cogema plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ca-DTPA has been used for medical treatment of plutonium and americium contaminations in the CEA and COGEMA plants from 1970 to 2003. This report is a survey of the injections administered of Ca-DTPA as a chelating molecule. This report will be a part of the AMM process for Ca-DTPA by intravenous administration submitted by the Central Pharmacy of the french Army. Out of 1158 injections administered to 469 persons, 548 events of possible or confirmed contaminations were reported. These employees were followed by occupational physicians according to the current regulations. The first part of the report is a synthesis of the most recent findings. Due to its short biological period and its limited action in the blood, Ca-DTPA does not chelate with plutonium and americium as soon as these elements are deposited in the target organs. It justifies an early treatment, even in cases of suspected contamination followed by additional injections if necessary. The second part presents data concerning these 1158 injections (way of contamination, posology, adverse effects...). These incidents took place at work, were most often minor, not requiring follow-up treatment. A study concerning the effectiveness of the product was done on a group of people having received 5 or more injections. These results were compared with effectiveness estimated from theoretical basis. Posologies and therapeutic schemes were proposed based on these observations. Additional studies are needed to confirm these findings. This document is the first synthesis in this field. It is the result of a collective work having mobilized the occupational medicine departments, the laboratories of CEA and COGEMA and a working group CEA-COGEMA-SPRA. (authors)

  14. Hemophilic arthropathy of the knee joint: static and dynamic Gd-DTPA -enhanced MRI

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A total of 17 patients with hemophilic arthropathy of the knee joint were studied with static and dynamic MRI before and after an IV bolus injection of Gadolinium-DTPA (Gd-DTPA; 0.1 mmol/kg body weight). The T1-weighted spin-echo (SE) and gradient-echo (fast-field echo [FFE]) sequences were applied. The FFE sequences of eight consecutive scans carried out over a time interval of 160 s were used in order to determine the time to signal intensity (SI) curves of the synovial proliferations surrounding soft tissue, bone marrow, and joint effusion. After the administration of a contrast agent, synovial proliferations exhibited an increase on FFE and SE images of 47.7% (SD ± 14.3%) and 37.4% (SD ± 11.2%), respectively, whereas muscle and fatty tissue, tendons, bone marrow, and joint effusion revealed only a minor increase in SI. The gradient of SI (ratio SI/time) of pannus was 39.6%/min (SD ± 7.7%/min) and differed significantly (P < 0.001) from that of bone marrow, fatty tissue, muscle tissue, tendons, and joint effusion (P < 0.05). In contrast to synovial proliferations in rheumatoid arthritis, no differentiation between various pannus vascularities based on the degree of enhancement was possible. The Gd-DTPA-enhanced MRI studies delineate and quantify the synovial proliferations in hemophilic arthropathy. Dynamic studies in hemophilic arthropathy do not provide qualitative assessment of the inflammatory process. (orig.)

  15. Effect of raised thoracic pressure and volume on 99mTc-DTPA clearance in humans

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nolop, K.B.; Maxwell, D.L.; Royston, D.; Hughes, J.M.

    1986-05-01

    Although positive airway pressure is often used to treat acute pulmonary edema, the effects on epithelial solute flux are not well known. We measured independently the effect of 1) positive pressure and 2) voluntary hyperinflation on the clearance of inhaled technetium-99m-labeled diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (/sup 99m/Tc-DTPA) in six nonsmokers and six smokers. Lung volumes were monitored by inductance plethysmography. Each subject was studied in four situations: 1) low end-expiratory volume (LO-), 2) low volume plus 9 cmH2O continuous positive airway pressure (LO+), 3) high end-expiratory volume (HI-), and 4) high volume plus continuous positive airway pressure (HI+). The clearance half time of 99mTc-DTPA for the nonsmokers decreased from 64.8 +/- 7.0 min (mean +/- SE) at LO- to 23.2 +/- 5.3 min at HI- (P less than 0.05). Positive pressure had no synergistic effect. The mean clearance half time for the smokers was faster than nonsmokers at base line but unaffected by similar changes in thoracic volume and pressure. We conclude that, in nonsmokers, positive airway pressure increases /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA clearance primarily through an increase in lung volume and that smokers are immune to these effects.

  16. Clearance of Tc-99m DTPA aerosol from coal miners' lungs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alterations in regional epithelial permeability were assessed in 22 retired West Virginia coal miners' lungs by measuring the clearance of inhaled 0.5-μm Tc-99m DTPA aerosol. Activity was measured in both lungs and in regions of interest placed over the lung periphery in the apical, middle, and basal portions of each lung. Clearance rates (T/sub 1/2/) for 5 nonsmokers, 8 ex-smokers, and 9 smokers were significantly faster than for comparable subjects measured elsewhere, who were not coal miners. Regional apex-to-base distributions of DTPA were measured as a function of clearance time and compared with regional ventilation and perfusion. Regional, as well as overall lung clearance curves of 8 smokers and 4 ex-smokers had two components, with overall T/sub 1/2/ of 2. The results of our study suggest that measurement of DTPA clearance is a potentially useful noninvasive technique to assess lung injury in miners exposed to coal dust. 14 refs., 6 figs., 2 tabs

  17. Effect of alternate administration of Ca-DTPA and Zn-DTPA for reducing incidence of 238Pu-induced osteosarcoma in rats

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For removing plutonium-238 from body and for reducing incidence of osteosarcoma in rats, Ca-DTPA and Zn-DTPA were alternately administered so as to decrease the side-effects of DTPA in this experiment. After a single intramuscular injection of 3.7 x 104 Bq/kg of plutonium-238 into rats, Ca-DTPA and Zn-DTPA were alternately injected intramuscularly for 90 days. The findings showed that the incidence of osteosarcoma in Ca-DTPA and Zn-DTPA treated rats was 10% against 40% in control rats. After 46 days of treatment with these chelating agents the retention activity of plutonium-238 in bone, liver and kidney was markedly lower than that for control rats

  18. Fractional Diffusion based on Riemann-Liouville Fractional Derivatives

    OpenAIRE

    Hilfer, R.

    2000-01-01

    A fractional diffusion equation based on Riemann-Liouville fractional derivatives is solved exactly. The initial values are given as fractional integrals. The solution is obtained in terms of $H$-functions. It differs from the known solution of fractional diffusion equations based on fractional integrals. The solution of fractional diffusion based on a Riemann-Liouville fractional time derivative does not admit a probabilistic interpretation in contrast with fractional diffusion based on frac...

  19. Comparison of /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA and /sup 113m/In-DTPA aerosol clearances in humans. Effects of smoking, hyperinflation, and in vitro oxidation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nolop, K.B.; Maxwell, D.L.; Fleming, J.S.; Braude, S.; Hughes, J.M.; Royston, D.

    1987-11-01

    As an index of permeability of the alveolar epithelium, the clearance of an inhaled aerosol of /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA is increased in several disease states. However, the usefulness of the test to assess the severity of disease is limited because healthy smokers also have abnormally rapid rates of clearance. Because the stability of the /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA bond might be a contributory factor, we tested the affinity of /sup 99m/Tc for DTPA in vitro, and in groups of healthy smokers (n = 13) and nonsmokers (n = 7) we measured the clearances of /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA and /sup 113m/In-DTPA, which have a similar molecular shape and charge. In vitro, sodium hypochlorite or hydrogen peroxide released as much as 98% of free /sup 99m/Tc from the /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA complex. When incubated with human neutrophils stimulated with phorbol myristate acetate, between 4 and 7% of free /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA was released after 30 min, and 12% was released after 60 min. In vivo, the clearances of both /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA and /sup 113m/In-DTPA in the smokers (n = 13) were faster than in the nonsmokers (n = 7) (p less than 0.05). Within the smokers, the mean /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA clearance (T1/2 25 +/- 4 min) was faster than the mean /sup 113m/In-DTPA clearance (34 +/- 6 min), (p less than 0.05). For nonsmokers, the difference was smaller (T1/2 /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA, 56 +/- 6; T1/2 /sup 113m/In-DTPA, 62 +/- 6) and not significant. During hyperinflation, smokers (n = 8) and nonsmokers (n = 8) both demonstrated an increase in /sup 113m/In-DTPA clearance.

  20. A novel contrast agent with rare earth-doped up-conversion luminescence and Gd-DTPA magnetic resonance properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The magnetic-luminescent multifunctional nanoparticles based on Gd-DTPA and NaYF4:Yb, Er were successfully synthesized by the conjugation of activated DTPA and silica-coated/surface-aminolated NaYF4:Yb, Er nanoparticles through EDC/NHS coupling chemistry. The as-prepared products were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, energy dispersive X-ray analysis, and fourier transform infrared spectrometry. The room-temperature upconversion luminescent spectra and T1-weighted maps of the obtained nanoparticles were carried out by 980 nm NIR light excitation and a 3T MR imaging scanner, respectively. The results indicated that the as-synthesized multifunctional nanoparticles with small size, highly solubility in water, and both high MR relaxivities and upconversion luminescence may have potential usage for MR imaging in future. - Graphical abstract: We have synthesized magnetic-luminescent multifunctional nanoparticles based on Gd-DTPA and NaYF4:Yb, Er by the conjugation of activated DTPA and silica-coated/surface-aminolated NaYF4:Yb, Er nanoparticles through EDC/NHS coupling chemistry. Highlights: ► A novel magnetic-luminescent multifunctional nanoparticles are synthesized. ► The nanoparticles are highly efficient for luminescence and T1-weighted MR imaging. ► The nanoparticles are small in size and highly solubility in water. ► The nanoparticles hold great potential usage for future biomedical engineering.

  1. New insights into formation of trivalent actinides complexes with DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Complexation of trivalent actinides with DTPA (diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid) was studied as a function of pcH and temperature in (Na,H)Cl medium of 0.1 M ionic strength. Formation constants of both complexes AnHDTPA- and AnDTPA2- (where An stands for Am, Cm, and Cf) were determined by TRLFS, CE-ICP-MS, spectrophotometry, and solvent extraction. The values of formation constants obtained from the different techniques are coherent and consistent with reinterpreted literature data, showing a higher stability of Cf complexes than Am and Cm complexes. The effect of temperature indicates that formation constants of protonated and non protonated complexes are exothermic with a high positive entropic contribution. DFT calculations were also performed on the An/DTPA system. Geometry optimizations were conducted on AnDTPA2- and AnHDTPA- considering all possible protonation sites. For both complexes, one and two water molecules in the first coordination sphere of curium were also considered. DFT calculations indicate that the lowest energy structures correspond to protonation on oxygen that is not involved in An-DTPA bonds and that the structures with two water molecules are not stable. (authors)

  2. Does the application of gadolinium-DTPA have an impact on magnetic resonance phase contrast velocity measurements? Results from an in vitro study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Introduction/objective: To evaluate the potential influence of various concentrations of gadolinium (Gd)-DTPA on magnetic resonance phase contrast (MR PC) velocimetry. Material and methods: Imaging was done with a 1.0 T scanner using a standard Flash 2D sequence and a circular polarized extremity coil. In a validated flow phantom with a defined 75% area stenosis different concentrations of Gd-DTPA, diluted in a 10:1 water-yogurt mixture, MR PC measurements were correlated with a Doppler guide wire as gold standard. Results: MR PC measurements correlated well with the Doppler derived data (r=0.99; P0.05; Student's t-test) flow measurement changes were noted (maximum pre-stenotic velocity: 21.3±1.3 cm/s; maximum intra-stenotic velocity: 84.0±3.6 cm/s). However, delineation of the perfused lumen was enhanced after the application of Gd-DTPA. Discussions and conclusion: The application of Gd-DTPA does not affect MR PC velocimetry. However, the application of contrast media allowed a more accurate vessel segmentation. MR PC measurements can be reliably carried out after application of Gd-DTPA

  3. Incorporation of 241Am: effectiveness of late DTPA chelation therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In four persons who had incorporated 241Am probably by inhalation, a DTPA chelation therapy was initiated several months after incorporation. Excretion measurements and in vivo measurements were performed in order to quantify the enhancement of 241Am excretion and the activity distribution in the body. DTPA was administered 4-11 times as an infusion of 1 g DTPA. Daily excretion rates were raised essentially, up to factors of 65-140 (urine) and 30-50 (faeces) after the first administration. Dose calculations performed on the basis of a modified ICRP 30, Part 4 model yielded dose reductions (e.g. for subject A) of 90%, 28%, 28% and 26% for liver, bone surfaces, red bone marrow and lungs, respectively, corresponding to a reduction of the effective dose equivalent of approximately 40%. (author)

  4. MR lymphography with macromolecular Gd-DTPA compounds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper investigates the suitability of macromolecular Gd-DTPA compounds as signal-enhancing lymphographic agents in MR imaging. Two Gd-DTPA polylysin compounds and Gd-DTPA albumin, with molecular weights of 48,000,170,000, and 87,000 daltons, respectively, were tested in rabbits at gadolinium doses of 5 and 15 μmol per animal. Three animals were examined at each dose with T1-weighted sequences. The iliac lymph nodes were imaged prior to and during unilateral endolymphatic infusion into a femoral lymph vessel as well as over a period of 2 hours thereafter. All contrast media showed a homogeneous and pronounced signal enhancement in the lymph nodes during infusion at both doses

  5. Preparation of Indium Pentetate Complex (111 In-DTPA)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There is no organometallic compound of Indium know to exist naturally in the human body. However, a number of compounds prepared with 111In have been evaluated for localization studies. The useful radioactive decay characteristics and the suitable chemical properties of the metal ion have drawn attention of many investigators resulting in the preparation of numerous 111In labeled compounds for potential medical applications. One of them is 111In-DTPA complex that is used for cerebral spinal fluid studies. In the present study, DTPA has been chelated with 111In by employing various methods and then tested for its stability in vitro during storage and in human plasma. Three methods for the preparation of 111In-DTPA were used. In every method, labeling efficiency and radiochemical purity were determined by chromatography systems

  6. Quantification of gadolinium-DTPA concentrations for different inversion times using an IR-turbo flash pulse sequence: a study on optimizing multislice perfusion imaging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fritz-Hansen, T; Rostrup, Egill; Ring, P B; Larsson, H B

    1998-01-01

    system responding linearly to input. R1 are linearly related to changes in the concentration of gadolinium (Gd)-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA), and R1 is a parameter that can be derived from the magnetic resonance (MR) signal. The accuracy of calculated R1 using an IR turbo fast low-angle shot...

  7. Comparative microvascular exchange kinetics of [{sup 77}Br]bromide and {sup 99m}Tc-DTPA in humans

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cousins, Claire [Department of Clinical Radiology, Addenbrooke' s Hospital, Cambridge (United Kingdom); Skehan, Stephen J.; Rolph, Susan M.; Flaxman, Mary E.; Ballinger, James R.; Bird, Nicholas J.; Barber, Robert W.; Peters, Michael A. [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Addenbrooke' s Hospital, Cambridge (United Kingdom)

    2002-05-01

    The plasma clearance curves of small hydrophilic solutes comprise three exponentials, consistent with a three-compartmental distribution model. A previous comparison between inulin and diethylene triamine penta-acetic acid (DTPA) suggested that these three compartments are in series, the first being plasma and the second and third representing compartments within the extravascular space. Moreover, whilst the total distribution volumes of these two indicators were similar, the volume of the second compartment was higher for DTPA. The purpose of the current study was to investigate whether a solute smaller than DTPA, namely bromide, fits the hypothesis that the second space volume is an inverse function of the size of the solute. Two groups of subjects were studied: group A comprised eight patients undergoing routine diagnostic arteriography and group B, eight patients referred for routine measurement of glomerular filtration rate plus two normal volunteers. {sup 99m}Tc-DTPA and sodium [{sup 77}Br]bromide were intravenously administered simultaneously. In group A, frequent arterial samples were obtained up to 40 min after injection, and antecubital venous samples 30 s after each arterial sample. In group B, frequent venous samples were obtained up to 280 min after injection. Volume measurements based on bromide were corrected for erythrocyte bromide accumulation. In both subject groups, the normalised venous concentration ratio of bromide to DTPA, corrected for red cell bromide uptake, was significantly less than unity in the earliest blood samples, being 0.56 (SD 0.08) at 1 min, consistent with faster diffusion of bromide from plasma to interstitial fluid. Furthermore, the extraction fraction of bromide from plasma to interstitial fluid in the forearm was about 0.6, higher than that of DTPA (about 0.5) in spite of red cell bromide accumulation which equilibrated with plasma bromide within 20 s and resulted in a red cell to plasma concentration ratio of 0.51 (0

  8. Ion-pairing HPLC methods to determine EDTA and DTPA in small molecule and biological pharmaceutical formulations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Wang

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Ion-pairing high-performance liquid chromatography–ultraviolet (HPLC–UV methods were developed to determine two commonly used chelating agents, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA in Abilify® (a small molecule drug with aripiprazole as the active pharmaceutical ingredient oral solution and diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA in Yervoy® (a monoclonal antibody drug with ipilimumab as the active pharmaceutical ingredient intravenous formulation. Since the analytes, EDTA and DTPA, do not contain chromophores, transition metal ions (Cu2+, Fe3+ which generate highly stable metallocomplexes with the chelating agents were added into the sample preparation to enhance UV detection. The use of metallocomplexes with ion-pairing chromatography provides the ability to achieve the desired sensitivity and selectivity in the development of the method. Specifically, the sample preparation involving metallocomplex formation allowed sensitive UV detection. Copper was utilized for the determination of EDTA and iron was utilized for the determination of DTPA. In the case of EDTA, a gradient mobile phase separated the components of the formulation from the analyte. In the method for DTPA, the active drug substance, ipilimumab, was eluted in the void. In addition, the optimization of the concentration of the ion-pairing reagent was discussed as a means of enhancing the retention of the aminopolycarboxylic acids (APCAs including EDTA and DTPA and the specificity of the method. The analytical method development was designed based on the chromatographic properties of the analytes, the nature of the sample matrix and the intended purpose of the method. Validation data were presented for the two methods. Finally, both methods were successfully utilized in determining the fate of the chelates.

  9. Ion-pairing HPLC methods to determine EDTA and DTPA in small molecule and biological pharmaceutical formulations$

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    George Wang; Frank P. Tomasella

    2016-01-01

    Ion-pairing high-performance liquid chromatography–ultraviolet (HPLC–UV) methods were developed to determine two commonly used chelating agents, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) in Abilifys (a small molecule drug with aripiprazole as the active pharmaceutical ingredient) oral solution and die-thylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) in Yervoys (a monoclonal antibody drug with ipilimumab as the active pharmaceutical ingredient) intravenous formulation. Since the analytes, EDTA and DTPA, do not contain chromophores, transition metal ions (Cu2 þ , Fe3 þ ) which generate highly stable metallocom-plexes with the chelating agents were added into the sample preparation to enhance UV detection. The use of metallocomplexes with ion-pairing chromatography provides the ability to achieve the desired sensitivity and selectivity in the development of the method. Specifically, the sample preparation in-volving metallocomplex formation allowed sensitive UV detection. Copper was utilized for the de-termination of EDTA and iron was utilized for the determination of DTPA. In the case of EDTA, a gradient mobile phase separated the components of the formulation from the analyte. In the method for DTPA, the active drug substance, ipilimumab, was eluted in the void. In addition, the optimization of the concentration of the ion-pairing reagent was discussed as a means of enhancing the retention of the aminopolycarboxylic acids (APCAs) including EDTA and DTPA and the specificity of the method. The analytical method development was designed based on the chromatographic properties of the analytes, the nature of the sample matrix and the intended purpose of the method. Validation data were presented for the two methods. Finally, both methods were successfully utilized in determining the fate of the chelates.

  10. Optimization of the dynamic, Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI of the liver: the effect of the injection rate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background Tissue-specific gadolinium-based contrast agents such as Gd-BOPTA, Gd-EOB-DTPA are increasingly used for liver imaging. Despite the added value of the hepatobiliary phase a proper arterial phase is still critical, especially in patients with chronic liver diseases. So far, there are limited data in the literature about the effect of the injection speed of Gd-EOB-DTPA in liver and vessel enhancement. Purpose To evaluate the effect of injection rate on the enhancement of liver parenchyma and vasculature in Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced liver MRI. Material and Methods Eighty patients who underwent Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced liver MRI (1.5T multi-channel MR-system) were retrospectively evaluated. We used a Care Bolus technique with an injection rate of 2 mL/s in group 1 (n = 40) and a Care Bolus technique with an injection rate of 1 mL/s in group 2 (n = 40) to determine the start of the arterial-dominant phase. Signal intensities were measured in vascular structures and liver parenchyma. Signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR), SNR increase (SNRi), and percentage enhancement (PE) were calculated and compared by a students t-test. Results The SNR, SNRi, and PE of the aorta in the arterial phase were significantly higher in group 2 in comparison to group 1 (P = 0.007, P = 0.0043, and P < 0.001, respectively). There were no significant differences concerning the SNR, SNRi, or PE of the portal vein and the normal liver parenchyma between both groups at all time points. Conclusion The study shows that a lower injection rate of 1 mL/s enables a higher enhancement in the aorta in the arterial phase compared with Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI with the more commonly used injection rate of 2 mL/s

  11. Preclinical studies of [99mTc]DTPA-mannosyl-dextran

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report the preclinical testing of a synthetic receptor-binding macromolecule, [99mTc]DTPA-mannosyl-dextran (36 kDa, 8 DTPA and 55 mannosyl units per dextran, KD = 0.12 nM), for sentinel node detection. Nonclinical safety studies included cardiac pharmacology safety studies, acute toxicology and pathology studies at 50 and 500 times the scaled human dose in both rats and rabbits after foot pad administration, and perivascular irritation studies in rabbits following intra-muscular administration at 100 and 1000 times the scaled human dose. Biodistribution studies in rabbits at 15 m, 1 h, and 3 h indicated that [99mTc]DTPA-mannosyl-dextran cleared the hind foot pad with a biological half-life of 2.21 ± 0.27 h. Other than mild hepatocyte hypertrophy in rabbits, no abnormalities in toxicology or pathology were found. Intravenous administration had no effect on survival, any clinical observations, electrocardiograms, or blood pressures. Intramuscular injection had no effect on survival, clinical observations, injection site observations, or injection site histopathology. The estimated absorbed radiation dose to the affected breast was 0.15 mGy/MBq and the effective dose was 1.06 x 10-2 mSv/MBq. This preclinical study demonstrates that [99mTc]DTPA-mannosyl-dextran has no toxicities and has an acceptable biodistribution and radiation dose

  12. Clinical value of 111/u-DTPA liquor fistula diagnosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    So far, there have been only a few publications on liquor fistula diagnosis using 111In-DTPA. Studies in this field are still in the experimental stage, and a standard method is not available. In consequence, the author's findings cannot be directly compared with other publications. (orig./MG)

  13. Gadolinium-DTPA enhanced MRI in myocardial infarction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This thesis focuses on one aspect of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for noninvasive screening of ischemic heart disease: the identification and quantification of acutely infarcted myocardium using gadolineum-diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA) enhanced T1-weighted MRI in a clinical and experimental setting. (author). 296 refs.; 34 figs.; 4 tabs

  14. Regional respiratory clearance of aerosolized /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA: posture and smoking effects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We studied 10 healthy nonsmokers and 8 healthy smokers, in both the upright and supine position, to investigate whether regional differences in respiratory clearance of technetium-99m-labeled diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA (RC-DTPA) existed and to assess the influence of posture and smoking on the regional RC-DTPA. RC-DTPA was assessed by the lung clearance rates (%/min) of aerosolized /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA (0.8 micron MMD; 2.4 GSD), using data corrected for recirculating radioactivity, in the upper (zone 1), middle (zone 2), and lower (zone 3) posterior lung fields. In nonsmokers, RC-DTPA in zone 1 was faster than in zone 2 or 3 in both the upright (P less than 0.001) and supine positions (P less than 0.0). No effect was produced by changes in posture on the regional RC-DTPA. In smokers, RC-DTPA was increased in all zones compared with the nonsmokers (P = 0.004), with a further increase in RC-DTP in zone 1 in the upright posture compared with the other regions (P less than 0.001). We conclude that in nonsmokers regional RC-DTPA is faster in zone 1 than in other zones, and this is not related to recirculation of radioactivity; posture does not modify the regional RC-DTPA of nonsmokers; smoking increases RC-DTPA in all zones and more in zone 1 in the upright posture

  15. Dynamic 1H NMR Studies of Schiff Base Derivatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Köylü, M. Z.; Ekinci, A.; Böyükata, M.; Temel, H.

    2016-01-01

    The spin-lattice relaxation time T 1 and the spin-spin relaxation time T 2 of two Schiff base derivatives, N,N'-ethylenebis(salicylidene)-1,2-diaminoethane (H2L1) and N,N'-ethylenebis (salicylidene)-1,3-diaminopropane (H2L2), in DMSO-d6 solvent were studied as a function of temperature in the range of 20-50°C using a Bruker Avance 400.132 MHz 1H NMR spectrometer. Based on the activation energy ( E a) and correlation time (τc), we believe that the Schiff base derivatives perform a molecular tumbling motion.

  16. Evaluation of renal transplant function by 99sup(m)Tc-DTPA dynamic imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 60 patients with a kidney transplant 86 perfusion studies with 99sup(m)Tc-DTPA were performed during the early postoperative period. Correlative data and clinical differentation were obtained by isotope nephrograms, laboratory values and clinical presentation. In addition to evaluation of scintiphotos, time-activity curves were derived from the transplant and evaluated quantitatively, obtaining a perfusion ratio by a computer program. A ratio of greater than 0.80 was found to be normal. In 20 patients with acute rejection, the ratio was decreased. In 13 patients with acute tubalar necrosis, the perfusion ratio was between 0.39 and 0.65, decreasing further during and added rejection crisis. Follow-up examinations confirmed rejection through a decrease of the perfusion ratio. In 9 cases, successful rejection therapy was documented by an increase. In addition to quantitative evaluation, visual analysis revealed acute occlusion of the renal artery, renal infarction, urinoma, ureteral stenosis or necrosis. Quantitative scintigraphy with 99sup(m)Tc-DTPA broadened the methods of describing kidney transplant function. Its quantitative evaluation enables the definition of acute rejection and its differentiation from acute tubular necrosis combined with acute rejection in the early postoperative period. Since the method recognizes morphological alterations as well, it usefully complements isotope nephrography. (orig./MG)

  17. Development of a {sup 111}In-labeled peptide derivative targeting a chemokine receptor, CXCR4, for imaging tumors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hanaoka, Hirofumi [Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, Yoshida Shimoadachi-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501 (Japan); Graduate School of Medicine, Gunma University, Showa-machi, Maebashi 371-8511 (Japan); Mukai, Takahiro [Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Shogoin Kawahara-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8507 (Japan); Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyushu University, Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582 (Japan); Tamamura, Hirokazu [Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, Yoshida Shimoadachi-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501 (Japan); Institute of Biomaterials and Bioengineering, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-0062 (Japan); Mori, Tomohiko [Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Shogoin Kawahara-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8507 (Japan); Ishino, Seigo [Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, Yoshida Shimoadachi-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501 (Japan); Ogawa, Kazuma [Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, Yoshida Shimoadachi-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501 (Japan); Iida, Yasuhiko [Graduate School of Medicine, Gunma University, Showa-machi, Maebashi 371-8511 (Japan); Doi, Ryuichiro [Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Shogoin Kawahara-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8507 (Japan); Fujii, Nobutaka [Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, Yoshida Shimoadachi-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501 (Japan); Saji, Hideo [Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, Yoshida Shimoadachi-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501 (Japan)]. E-mail: hsaji@pharm.kyoto-u.ac.jp

    2006-05-15

    The chemokine receptor CXCR4 is highly expressed in tumor cells and plays an important role in tumor metastasis. The aim of this study was to develop a radiopharmaceutical for the imaging of CXCR4-expressing tumors in vivo. Based on structure-activity relationships, we designed a 14-residue peptidic CXCR4 inhibitor, Ac-TZ14011, as a precursor for radiolabeled peptides. For {sup 111}In-labeling, diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) was attached to the side chain of D-Lys{sup 8} which is distant from the residues indispensable for the antagonistic activity. In-DTPA-Ac-TZ14011 inhibited the binding of a natural ligand, stromal cell-derived factor-1{alpha}, to CXCR4 in a concentration-dependent manner with an IC{sub 5} of 7.9 nM (Ac-TZ14011: 1.2 nM). In biodistribution experiments, more {sup 111}In-DTPA-Ac-TZ14011 accumulated in the CXCR4-expressing tumor than in blood or muscle. Furthermore, the tumor-to-blood and tumor-to-muscle ratios were significantly reduced by coinjection of Ac-TZ14011, indicating a CXCR4-mediated accumulation in tumor. These findings suggested that {sup 111}In-DTPA-Ac-TZ14011 would be a potential agent for the imaging of CXCR4 expression in metastatic tumors in vivo.

  18. Relationship of end-expiratory pressure, lung volume, and /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA clearance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We investigated the dose-response effect of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and increased lung volume on the pulmonary clearance rate of aerosolized technetium-99m-labeled diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (99mTc-DTPA). Clearance of lung radioactivity was expressed as percent decrease per minute. Base-line clearance was measured while anesthetized sheep (n = 20) were ventilated with 0 cmH2O end-expiratory pressure. Clearance was remeasured during ventilation at 2.5, 5, 10, 15, or 20 cmH2O PEEP. Further studies showed stepwise increases in functional residual capacity (FRC) (P less than 0.05) measured at 0, 2.5, 5, 10, 15, and 20 cmH2O PEEP. At 2.5 cmH2O PEEP, the clearance rate was not different from that at base line (P less than 0.05), although FRC was increased from base line. Clearance rate increased progressively with increasing PEEP at 5, 10, and 15 cmH2O (P less than 0.05). Between 15 and 20 cmH2O PEEP, clearance rate was again unchanged, despite an increase in FRC. The pulmonary clearance of aerosolized /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA shows a sigmoidal response to increasing FRC and PEEP, having both threshold and maximal effects. This relationship is most consistent with the hypothesis that alveolar epithelial permeability is increased by lung inflation

  19. Synthesis, characterization, and relaxivity of two linear Gd(DTPA)-polymer conjugates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duarte, M G; Gil, M H; Peters, J A; Colet, J M; Elst, L V; Muller, R N; Geraldes, C F

    2001-01-01

    Two linear polyamide conjugates of Gd(DTPA)2- were synthesized and characterized by high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and size exclusion chromatography (SEC). DTPA was copolymerized with two different diamines, 1,6-hexanediamine and trans-1,4-cyclohexanediamine, yielding the polymers DTPA-HMD and DTPA-CHD, with low polydispersity. Their molecular flexibility in solution was studied using 13C spin-lattice relaxation time measurements, indicating that the cyclohexanediamine linking moiety of the DTPA-HMD polymer is more rigid than that of DTPA-CHD. The influence of the flexibility of the linking functionalities on the relaxivity of the Gd3+-DTPA-polymer conjugates was studied by water nuclear magnetic relaxation dispersion (NMRD). The relaxivity of the Gd(DTPA-CHD) polymer was only slightly higher than that of the Gd(DTPA-HMD) polymer, and only two times higher than the usual values for small Gd-DTPA-like chelates. The low relaxivities obtained for both polymers, much lower than expected from the polymer apparent molecular weights, result from their substantial residual flexibility, and also from a too long, nonoptimal, value of the inner-sphere water exchange rate. These polymeric compounds are also cleared very quickly from the blood of rats, indicating that they are of limited value as blood pool contrast agents for MRA. PMID:11312677

  20. The heterocyclic compounds on the base of glycerin derivatives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On the base of functional glycerin derivatives as a result of condensation them with different compounds (aldehydes, ketones, acetoacetic ether and etc.) receive vast row of heterocyclic compounds, which found wide use as a drugs in medicine, as a insects-fungicides in agriculture, as a monomers for polymerization, as a reagents for organic synthesis and etc

  1. Gd-DTPA Adsorption on Chitosan/Magnetite Nanocomposites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pylypchuk, Ie. V.; Kołodyńska, D.; Kozioł, M.; Gorbyk, P. P.

    2016-03-01

    The synthesis of the chitosan/magnetite nanocomposites is presented. Composites were prepared by co-precipitation of iron(II) and iron(III) salts by aqueous ammonia in the 0.1 % chitosan solution. It was shown that magnetite synthesis in the chitosan medium does not affect the magnetite crystal structure. The thermal analysis data showed 4.6 % of mass concentration of chitosan in the hybrid chitosan/magnetite composite. In the concentration range of initial Gd-DTPA solution up to 0.4 mmol/L, addition of chitosan to magnetite increases the adsorption capacity and affinity to Gd-DTPA complex. The Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption models were applied to describe adsorption processes. Nanocomposites were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), differential thermal analysis (DTA), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and specific surface area determination (ASAP) methods.

  2. Gd-DTPA Adsorption on Chitosan/Magnetite Nanocomposites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pylypchuk, Ie V; Kołodyńska, D; Kozioł, M; Gorbyk, P P

    2016-12-01

    The synthesis of the chitosan/magnetite nanocomposites is presented. Composites were prepared by co-precipitation of iron(II) and iron(III) salts by aqueous ammonia in the 0.1 % chitosan solution. It was shown that magnetite synthesis in the chitosan medium does not affect the magnetite crystal structure. The thermal analysis data showed 4.6 % of mass concentration of chitosan in the hybrid chitosan/magnetite composite. In the concentration range of initial Gd-DTPA solution up to 0.4 mmol/L, addition of chitosan to magnetite increases the adsorption capacity and affinity to Gd-DTPA complex. The Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption models were applied to describe adsorption processes. Nanocomposites were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), differential thermal analysis (DTA), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and specific surface area determination (ASAP) methods. PMID:27030468

  3. Effects of DTPA aerosol on lung contamination by lanthanum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Applying DTPA aerosol for the treatment of lung contamination by lanthanum we were able to determine its effectiveness as a function of time. Provided it was administered early during the two hours after exposure, over 50 per cent could be removed using lower therapeutic doses than those prescribed for other routes of administration. Its association with some enzymes did not enhance the chelator therapeutic effect. We also calculated the constant of passage of lanthanum through the alveolar wall and found a value of 0.016 mn-1. Finally, as we have discovered a large part cannot be mobilized by DTPA, we shall now study the physico-chemical mechanisms involved in this protection. (authors)

  4. Efficacy of Gd-DTPA-enhanced MRI in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The cabability of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging to detect tissue characterization or myocardial degeneration process of the hypertrophied myocardium was evaluated in 15 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. T1-weighted MR images were obtained with a 1.5 T MR unit by using ECG-gated spin-echo techniques. MR images were visually reviewed before and after enhancement of Gd-DTPA. Four patients had an increase in signal intensity mainly in the endocardium of the left ventricular septum on non-enhanced MR images, 3 of whom had widespread high intensity in addition to two-thirds of the wall. Gd-DTPA enhanced-MR images showed high intensity over the whole septum in 5 patients and also in the antero-lateral endocardium in 4 patients. Decreased intensity on non-enhanced MR images, as shown in 4 patients, became clear on enhanced-MR images. According to findings on enhanced-MR images, signal intensity was defined as normal (N), septum (S), and diffuse (D). Patients in Group D tended to be younger and have more frequently family history. Regarding both interventricular septum thickness and left ventricular posterior wall thickness, there was no significant difference among the three groups. Both left ventricular diastolic diameter and left ventricular systolic diameter were significantly larger in Group D than the other two groups. Left ventricular ejection fraction was significantly lower in both Group S and Group D. Widespread abnormal intensity on Gd-DTPA enhanced MR images was associated with findings similar to dilated cardiomyopathy, such as dilated left ventricular lumen and decreased ejection fraction. Gd-DTPA enhanced MR imaging seemed to be useful for visualizing myocardial degeneration in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.(N.K.)

  5. Multicystic dysplastic kidneys suggesting hydronephrosis during Tc-DTPA imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Siddiqui, A.R.; Cohen, M.; Mitchell, M.E.

    1982-10-01

    Tc-99m DTPA renal scans on two infants with flank masses were interpreted as consistent with hydronephrosis and obstruction of the uretopelvic junction because of delayed accumulation of the radiotracer in the initially photon-deficient regions. However, both these patients were found to have multicystic dysplastic kidney. It appears that for proper diagnosis more attention should be paid to the location of the functioning cortex rather than to the delayed images.

  6. Gd-DTPA enhanced dynamic MRI of the breast cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the specific findings of infiltrating ductal carcinoma from the ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and to differentiate from the atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH). Fifty breast lesions in 48 patients including thirty-six breasts of 36 patients with infiltrating ductal carcinoma, fourteen breasts of 12 patients with DCIS, and nine breasts of 7 patients with ADH were examined with FLASH technique using Gd-DTPA. We evaluated the maximal amount, the speed, and the pattern of enhancement after intravenous injection of Gd-DTPA (0.16 mmol/kg body weight). Also we evaluated the diagnostic accuracy in the patients with breast cancer. The maximal amount of enhancement were, 1,161.84 ± 394.44 NU in infiltrating ductal carcinoma, 982.11 ± 458.35 NU in DCIS, and 1,035.94 ± 305.20 NU in ADH. The speed of enhancement was 827.33 ± 384.20 NU within the first 1 minute with a sudden increase in signal intensity after injection and a much slighter increase there after in infiltrating ductal carcinoma. DCIS showed in creasing signal intensity within the first 2 minutes (749.70 ± 487.36 NU), and ADH showed significant increased enhancement (765.40 ± 313.61 NU) at 3 minutes after injection of Gd-DTPA. The patterns of enhancement were focal with irregular margins in infiltrating ductal carcinoma and irregular peripheral enhancement in DCIS and ADH. However, absent or extreme delayed enhancement at the central portion of the tumor was more frequently seen in infiltrating ductal carcinoma rather than DCIS or ADH. Gd-DTPA enhanced dynamic MRI was valuable in the diagnosis of breast cancer and in differentiating DCIS from ADH. Furthermore, it was effective in analyzing the extension of breast carcinoma, multiplicity, and bilaterality of breast carcinoma

  7. A novel contrast agent with rare earth-doped up-conversion luminescence and Gd-DTPA magnetic resonance properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Qing; Wei, Daixu; Cheng, Jiejun; Xu, Jianrong; Zhu, Jun

    2012-08-01

    The magnetic-luminescent multifunctional nanoparticles based on Gd-DTPA and NaYF4:Yb, Er were successfully synthesized by the conjugation of activated DTPA and silica-coated/surface-aminolated NaYF4:Yb, Er nanoparticles through EDC/NHS coupling chemistry. The as-prepared products were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, energy dispersive X-ray analysis, and fourier transform infrared spectrometry. The room-temperature upconversion luminescent spectra and T1-weighted maps of the obtained nanoparticles were carried out by 980 nm NIR light excitation and a 3T MR imaging scanner, respectively. The results indicated that the as-synthesized multifunctional nanoparticles with small size, highly solubility in water, and both high MR relaxivities and upconversion luminescence may have potential usage for MR imaging in future.

  8. Spectroscopic studies on interaction of BSA and Eu(III) complexes with H5ph-dtpa and H5dtpa ligands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kong, Deyong; Qin, Cui; Fan, Ping; Li, Bing; Wang, Jun

    2015-04-01

    An novel aromatic aminopolycarboxylic acid ligand, N-(2-N,N-Dicarboxymethylaminophenyl) ethylenediamine-N,N‧,N‧-triacetic acid (H5ph-dtpa), was synthesized by improving experimental method and its corresponding Eu(III) complex, Na2[EuIII(ph-dtpa)(H2O)]·6H2O, was successfully prepared through heat-refluxing method. As a comparison, the Eu(III) complex with diethylenetriamine-N,N,N‧,N‧,N″-pentaacetic acid (H5dtpa) ligand, Na2[EuIII(dtpa)(H2O)]·6H2O, was also prepared by the same method. And then, the interaction between prepared Eu(III) complexes ([EuIII(dtpa)(H2O)]2- and [EuIII(ph-dtpa)(H2O)]2-) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) in aqueous solution were studied by the combination of ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis), fluorescence and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopies. In addition, the binding sites of Eu(III) complexes ([EuIII(dtpa)(H2O)]2- and [EuIII(ph-dtpa)(H2O)]2-) to BSA molecules were also estimated by synchronous fluorescence. Moreover, the theoretical and experimental results show that the Van der Waals, hydrogen bond and π-π stacking interactions are the mainly impulse to the reaction. The binding distances (r) between Eu(III) complexes ([EuIII(dtpa)(H2O)]2- and [EuIII(ph-dtpa)(H2O)]2-) and BSA were obtained according to Förster's non-radiative energy transfer theory. Also, the determined UV-vis absorption spectroscopy, synchronous fluorescence and circular dichroism (CD) spectra showed that the conformation of BSA could be changed in the presence of Eu(III) complexes. The obtained results can help understand the action mode between rare earth metal complexes of aminopolycarboxylic acid ligands with BSA and they are also expected to provide important information of designs of new inspired drugs.

  9. Analysis of velocity derivatives in turbulence based on generalized statistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arimitsu, N.; Arimitsu, T.

    2002-10-01

    A theoretical formula for the probability density function (PDF) of velocity derivatives in a fully developed turbulent flow is derived with the multifractal aspect based on the generalized measures of entropy, i.e., the extensive Rényi entropy or the non-extensive Tsallis entropy, and is used, successfully, to analyze the PDFs observed in the direct numerical simulation (DNS) conducted by Gotoh et al. The minimum length scale rd/η in the longitudinal (transverse) inertial range of the DNS is estimated to be rdL/η = 1.716 (rdT/η = 2.180) in the unit of the Kolmogorov scale η.

  10. Analysis of pharmacokinetics of Gd-DTPA for dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taheri, Saeid; Shah, N Jon; Rosenberg, Gary A

    2016-09-01

    The pharmacokinetics (PK) of the contrast agent Gd-DTPA administered intravenously (i.v.) for contrast-enhanced MR imaging (DCE-MRI) is an important factor for quantitative data acquisition. We studied the effect of various initial bolus doses on the PK of Gd-DTPA and analyzed population PK of a lower dose for intra-subject variations in DCE-MRI. First, fifteen subjects (23-85years, M/F) were randomly divided into four groups for DCE-MRI with different Gd-DTPA dose: group-I, 0.1mmol/kg, n=4; group-II, 0.05mmol/kg, n=4; group-III, 0.025mmol/kg, n=4; and group-IV, 0.0125mmol/kg, n=3. Sequential fast T1 mapping sequence, after a bolus i.v. Gd-DTPA administered, and a linear T1-[Gd-DTPA] relationship were used to estimate the PK of Gd-DTPA. Secondly, MR-acquired PKs of Gd-DTPA from 58 subjects (28-80years, M/F) were collected retrospectively, from an ongoing study of the brain using DCE-MRI with Gd-DTPA at 0.025mmol/kg, to statistically analyze population PK of Gd-DTPA. We found that the PK of Gd-DTPA (i.v. 0.025mmol/kg) had a half-life of 37.3±6.6min, and was a better fit into a linear T1-[Gd-DTPA] relationship than higher doses (up to 0.1mmol/kg). The area under the curve (AUC) for 0.025mmol/kg was 3.37±0.46, which was a quarter of AUC of 0.1mmol/kg. In population analysis, a dose of 0.025mmol/kg of Gd-DTPA provided less than 5% subject-dependent variation in the PK of Gd-DTPA. Administration of 0.025mmol/kg Gd-DTPA enabled us to estimate [Gd-DTPA] from T1 by using a linear relationship that has a lower estimation error compared to a non-linear relationship. DCE-MRI with a quarter dose of Gd-DTPA is more sensitive to detect changes in [Gd-DTPA]. PMID:27109487

  11. Toxicity of inhaled Ca-DTPA in the beagle dog

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are several advantages to the administration of Ca- DTPA by inhalation rather than intravenous drip for the decorporation of certain radionuclides. Among these are the possibility of treating very promptly following an accidental incorporation to achieve maximum treatment effectiveness and convenince for medical management, even to the extent that treatment can be self-administered. The present investigational New Drug permit allows treatment of humans only by the intravenous route and animal studies are required to justify the new route. Earlier work in rats and hamsters showed five successive daily inhalations of Ca-DTPA aerosols (dose 1 to 4 times human i.v. dose) produced a transitory emphysema in 17/40 rats serially sacrificed up to 3 weeks following the last exposure and in 10/20 hamsters up to 1 week after exposure. No emphysema was seen in rats sacrificed after 3 weeks and in hamsters after 1 week following the exposures. Results of tests in dogs administered DTPA by inhalation showed hyperplasia of the gastric submucosal lymphoid follicles observed 1 week following the last exposure may be treatment-related, but other observed changes were considered unrelated. (U.S.)

  12. Lymphoscintigraphy with 99mTc-DTPA-HSA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate 99mTc-DTPA-HSA as an iliopelvic lymphoscintigraphic agent in 5 normal volunteers and 10 patients with metastases of malignant tumors (cancer, 9; and malignant lymphoma, 1) to the iliopelvic lymph nodes. The subjects underwent intradermal injection of 185 MBq of 99mTc-DTPA-HSA into digital web spaces of the feet. Massage was applied at the injection sites for 30 sec; the subjects then walked around for 2 min. Whole-body scintigrams were obtained 5 min after injection. The whole-body scanning speed was 20 cm/min. The tracer transport was prompt. Within 15 min after injection, the tracer reached the termination of the thoracic duct in all normal volunteers. Normal whole-body images of excellent quality delineated the lymph nodes and channels almost without background radioactivity. The images of 9 patients with metastases of cancer showed clearly the following abnormal patterns: a) obstruction of lymphatic system (5/9, 55.6%); b) absence of visualization of the thoracic duct (44.4%); c) decreased uptake in lymph nodes (88.9%); d) visualization of collateral circulation (44.4%); e) tracer extravasation into more proximal soft tissue (22.2%). The image in the patient with malignant lymphoma showed increased uptake in the enlarged lymph nodes in addition to the all abnormal findings mentioned above. We concluded that 99mTc-DTPA-HSA is an excellent radiopharmaceutical for iliopelvic lymphoscintigraphy. (author)

  13. Lymphoscintigraphy with 99mTc-DTPA-HSA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate 99mTc-DTPA-HSA lymphoscintigraphy in 5 normal volunteers and 8 patients with metastases of malignant tumors (cancer, 3: and malignant lymphoma, 5). The subjects underwent intradermal injection of 370 MBq of 99mTc-DTPA-HSA into digital web spaces of the feet and fingers and massage at the injection sites for 30 s. Whole-body and local scintigrams were obtained 5-15 min (early image) and 50-60 min (delayed image) after injection. The tracer transport was prompt. Within 15 min after injection the tracer reached the termination of the thoracic duct in all normal volunteers. Normal lymphoscintigrams were obtained images of excellent quality delineated the lymph nodes and channel almost without background radioactivity. The images of 8 patients with malignant tumors showed clearly the following abnormal patterns: (1) obstruction of lymphatic system and absence of visualization of thoracic duct, (2) decreased or high uptake in enlarged lymph nodes, (3) visualization of collateral circulation and tracer extravasation into more proximal soft tissue. We concluded that lymphoscintigraphy with 99mTc-DTPA-HSA was useful for detection of metastases to lymphatic system in the patients with malignant tumor. (author)

  14. Biodistribution and characterization of radiolabeled liposomal DTPA for heavy metal radionuclide decorporation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Biodistribution of neutral and positively charged liposomes encapsulated with 99mTc-labeled DTPA was studied in experimental animal model. Unilamellar liposomes were prepared by thin film hydration method following sonication. 99mTc-labeled DTPA encapsulated in neutral and positively charged liposomes were composed of DPPC: cholestrol (molar ratio 7:3) and DPPC:cholestrol:stearylamine (molar ratio 7:2:0.5) respectively. The percentage encapsulation of 99mTc-labeled DTPA was found ∼ 8-9%. The average molecular dimension of these liposomes were about 180 nm as measured by dynamic light scattering method. Animals were randomized in three different groups each having 5 rats: free DTPA ii) positively charged liposomes encapsulated with 99mTc-labeled DTPA iii) neutral liposomes encapsulated with 99mTc-labeled DTPA

  15. A novel contrast agent with rare earth-doped up-conversion luminescence and Gd-DTPA magnetic resonance properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lu Qing [Department of Radiology, Shanghai Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 1630 Dong Fang Rd, Shanghai 200127 (China); Wei Daixu [National Engineering Research Center for Nanotechnology, 28 East Jiang Chuan Rd, Shanghai 200241 (China); Cheng Jiejun [Department of Radiology, Shanghai Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 1630 Dong Fang Rd, Shanghai 200127 (China); Xu Jianrong, E-mail: xujianr@hotmail.com [Department of Radiology, Shanghai Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 1630 Dong Fang Rd, Shanghai 200127 (China); Zhu Jun, E-mail: yzjzhu@163.com [National Engineering Research Center for Nanotechnology, 28 East Jiang Chuan Rd, Shanghai 200241 (China)

    2012-08-15

    The magnetic-luminescent multifunctional nanoparticles based on Gd-DTPA and NaYF{sub 4}:Yb, Er were successfully synthesized by the conjugation of activated DTPA and silica-coated/surface-aminolated NaYF{sub 4}:Yb, Er nanoparticles through EDC/NHS coupling chemistry. The as-prepared products were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, energy dispersive X-ray analysis, and fourier transform infrared spectrometry. The room-temperature upconversion luminescent spectra and T{sub 1}-weighted maps of the obtained nanoparticles were carried out by 980 nm NIR light excitation and a 3T MR imaging scanner, respectively. The results indicated that the as-synthesized multifunctional nanoparticles with small size, highly solubility in water, and both high MR relaxivities and upconversion luminescence may have potential usage for MR imaging in future. - Graphical abstract: We have synthesized magnetic-luminescent multifunctional nanoparticles based on Gd-DTPA and NaYF4:Yb, Er by the conjugation of activated DTPA and silica-coated/surface-aminolated NaYF4:Yb, Er nanoparticles through EDC/NHS coupling chemistry. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A novel magnetic-luminescent multifunctional nanoparticles are synthesized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The nanoparticles are highly efficient for luminescence and T{sub 1}-weighted MR imaging. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The nanoparticles are small in size and highly solubility in water. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The nanoparticles hold great potential usage for future biomedical engineering.

  16. Preparation and characterization of new polyesters derived from schiff bases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Summary: Three polyesters have been prepared by the reaction of terephthaloyl chloride on Schiff bases derived from 4- hydroxybenzyldehyde and meso- stilbenediamine, ethylenediamine or 4-nitrophenylenediamine.The polymers were obtained in good yield (85% theoritical) and were characterized by C,H,N elemental analyses, FT-IR, UV and visible spectroscopy and thermal analyses (TGA ,DTA). The results obtained were compared with that of Schiff base monomers .The viscosities measurements of the polyesters and their Schiff base monomers supported the polymers formation. (author)

  17. Effects of DTPA aerosol on lung contamination by lanthanum; Influence du DTPA en aerosol sur les contaminations pulmonaires au lanthane

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pasquier, C.; Voisin, D.; Thieblement, P.; Perrault, G.; Bayard, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1969-07-01

    Applying DTPA aerosol for the treatment of lung contamination by lanthanum we were able to determine its effectiveness as a function of time. Provided it was administered early during the two hours after exposure, over 50 per cent could be removed using lower therapeutic doses than those prescribed for other routes of administration. Its association with some enzymes did not enhance the chelator therapeutic effect. We also calculated the constant of passage of lanthanum through the alveolar wall and found a value of 0.016 mn{sup -1}. Finally, as we have discovered a large part cannot be mobilized by DTPA, we shall now study the physico-chemical mechanisms involved in this protection. (authors) [French] L'emploi du DTPA en aerosol dans le traitement des contaminations pulmonaires par le lanthane, nous a permis d'etablir et d'evaluer son efficacite en fonction du temps. A condition d'etre utilise precocement, dans les deux heures qui suivent la contamination, une fraction superieure a 50 pour cent peut etre eliminee et ceci avec des doses therapeutiques inferieures a celles preconisees pour les autres voies d'administration. L'association avec quelques autres enzymes n'a pas permis d'ameliorer l'effet therapeutique de ce chelateur. Nous avons egalement chiffre la constante de passage du lanthane a travers la barriere alveolaire dont la valeur est de l'ordre de 0.016 mn{sup -1} Enfin, la decouverte d'une importante partie non piegeable par le DTPA nous amene maintenant a etudier les mecanismes physico-chimiques de cette protection. (auteurs)

  18. Actinides exposure: review of Ca-DTPA injections inside Cea-Cogema plants; Exposition aux actinides: bilan des injections de Ca-DTPA dans les centres CEA-Cogema

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grappin, L.; Berard, P.; Beau, P.; Carbone, L.; Castagnet, X.; Courtay, C.; Le Goff, J.P.; Menetrier, F.; Neron, M.; Piechowski, J. [CEA Cadarache, Dir. de l' Energie Nucleaire, Dept. de Soutien en surete et securite, Sev. de Sante au Travail, 13 - Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France)

    2006-07-01

    Ca-DTPA has been used for medical treatment of plutonium and americium contaminations in the CEA and COGEMA plants from 1970 to 2003. This report is a survey of the injections administered of Ca-DTPA as a chelating molecule. This report will be a part of the AMM process for Ca-DTPA by intravenous administration submitted by the Central Pharmacy of the french Army. Out of 1158 injections administered to 469 persons, 548 events of possible or confirmed contaminations were reported. These employees were followed by occupational physicians according to the current regulations. The first part of the report is a synthesis of the most recent findings. Due to its short biological period and its limited action in the blood, Ca-DTPA does not chelate with plutonium and americium as soon as these elements are deposited in the target organs. It justifies an early treatment, even in cases of suspected contamination followed by additional injections if necessary. The second part presents data concerning these 1158 injections (way of contamination, posology, adverse effects...). These incidents took place at work, were most often minor, not requiring follow-up treatment. A study concerning the effectiveness of the product was done on a group of people having received 5 or more injections. These results were compared with effectiveness estimated from theoretical basis. Posologies and therapeutic schemes were proposed based on these observations. Additional studies are needed to confirm these findings. This document is the first synthesis in this field. It is the result of a collective work having mobilized the occupational medicine departments, the laboratories of CEA and COGEMA and a working group CEA-COGEMA-SPRA. (authors)

  19. An analysis of 99mTc-DTPA renal dynamic imaging in patients with diabetes mellitus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To investigate the regularity of renal dynamic imaging in the various courses of diabetes mellitus, and then to provide the important evidence variety for diagnosis and treatment. The data of renal dynamic imaging was analyzed on 276 kidneys of 40 normal and 98 diabetic patients, and according to course of disease, the diabetic patients was divided into three groups: ≤1 year, 1-5 year and ≥5 year respectively. Based upon was grouped 99mTc-DTPA renal dynamic imaging and others, the renal functions into normal, approximately normal, I, II and III injury respectively, and the statistics and analysis of these data were carried out. The extent of renal function injury was related to the course of disease significantly, and it showed that the longer the course, the heavier the damage of renal function, and there was a significant difference between them (P99mTc-DTPA renal dynamic imaging can effectively evaluate the extent of renal functions injury and was also valuable for the clinical. Also, the study indicated that in diabetic patients susceptible to urinary tract infection could aggravate the injury of renal function

  20. The use of EDTA and DTPA for accelerating the removal of deposited transuranic elements from humans

    CERN Document Server

    Spoor, N L

    1977-01-01

    EDTA and DTPA have been prominent among the chelating agents used to increase the rate of excretion of certain deposited heavy metals from the human body. Since 1959, DTPA, administered either by intravenous injection or by aerosol inhalation, has been widely used to treat workers contaminated by plutonium or a higher actinide. In this report, an attempt is made to assess the toxicities of EDTA and DTPA and to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of DTPA as a drug for removing deposited transuranic elements.

  1. The use of EDTA and DTPA for accelerating the removal of deposited transuranic elements from humans

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    EDTA and DTPA have been prominent among the chelating agents used to increase the rate of excretion of certain deposited heavy metals from the human body. Since 1959, DTPA, administered either by intravenous injection or by aerosol inhalation, has been widely used to treat workers contaminated by plutonium or a higher actinide. In this report, an attempt is made to assess the toxicities of EDTA and DTPA and to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of DTPA as a drug for removing deposited transuranic elements. (author)

  2. Assessing liver function by liver enhancement during the hepatobiliary phase with Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI at 3 Tesla

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Verloh, N.; Haimerl, M.; Schlabeck, M.; Schreyer, A.G.; Stroszczynski, C.; Fellner, C.; Wiggermann, P. [University Hospital Regensburg, Department of Radiology, Regensburg (Germany); Zeman, F. [University Hospital Regensburg, Center for Clinical Trials, Regensburg (Germany); Barreiros, A. [University Hospital Regensburg, Department of Gastroenterology, Regensburg (Germany); Loss, M. [University Hospital Regensburg, Department of Surgery, Regensburg (Germany)

    2014-05-15

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced 3-T MRI to determine the hepatic functional reserve expressed by the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score. A total of 121 patients with normal liver function (NLF; MELD score ≤ 10) and 29 patients with impaired liver function (ILF; MELD score > 10) underwent contrast-enhanced MRI with a hepatocyte-specific contrast agent at 3T. T1-weighted volume interpolated breath-hold examination (VIBE) sequences with fat suppression were acquired before and 20 min after contrast injection. Relative enhancement (RE) between plain signal intensity and contrast-enhanced signal intensity was calculated and was used to determine Gd-EOB-DTPA uptake into the liver parenchyma for patients with different MELD scores. RE differed significantly (p ≤ 0.001) between patients with NLF (87.2 ± 29.5 %) and patients with ILF (45.4 ± 26.5 %). The optimal cut-off value for RE to differentiate NLF from ILF was 47.7 % (AUC 0.87). This cut-off value showed a sensitivity of 82.8 % and a specificity of 92.7 % for the differentiation of the analysed groups. Gd-EOB-DTPA uptake in hepatocytes is strongly affected by liver function. Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI and assessment of RE during the hepatobiliary phase (HBP) may serve as a useful image-based test in liver imaging for determining regional and global liver function. (orig.)

  3. PRICING OF EXOTIC ENERGY DERIVATIVES BASED ON ARITHMETIC SPOT MODELS

    OpenAIRE

    FRED ESPEN BENTH; RODWELL KUFAKUNESU

    2009-01-01

    Based on a non-Gaussian Ornstein–Uhlenbeck model for energy spot, we derive prices for Asian and spread options using Fourier techniques. The option prices are expressed in terms of the Fourier transform of the payoff function and the characteristic functions of the driving noises, being independent increment processes. In many relevant situations, these functions are explicitly available, and fast Fourier transform can be used for efficient numerical valuation. The arithmetic nature of our m...

  4. Organic Field-effect Transistors Based on Tetrathiafulvalene Derivatives

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    1 Restults Tetrathiafulvalene (TTF) and its derivatives have been extensively investigated in the field of organic conductors and superconductors since 1973. Recently, their application in organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) has attracted considerable attention. So far, on the one hand, the fabrication techniques of the TTF-based FETs have been primarily limited to high vacuum evaporation, which is a relatively expensive process. On the other hand, low FET performances, such as the low on/off ratio...

  5. Experimental study of vessel delineation and imaging parameters in 3D MR angiography with Gd-DTPA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kato, Joji; Itou, Kouichirou; Tajima, Natsuki; Kawamura, Yoshihiko; Okada, Susumu [Nippon Medical School (Japan). Chiba Hokusou Hospital

    1995-06-01

    Though MR angiography can provide images of blood vessels without using a contrast medium, this method involves a number of problems. Using flow phantoms and similar models, we investigated delineation performance and imaging conditions obtained by continuously injecting Gd-DTPA within the 3D MRA imaging time; 2D and 3D TOF were used for comparison. The results of experiments showed that the compaction effect of T{sub 1} for Gd-DTPA in the fluid prevented drops in signal strength caused by saturation in the 3D slab a problem up to now and that wide range (control plane, etc.) imaging is now possible. Also, superior results were achieved for delineation performance for constricted parts in tests using models of constricted blood vessels. With regard to the imaging conditions, we applied fat suppression techniques and obtained a maximum contrast between the Gd-DTPA water solution and fat by setting FA at 40 degrees and TE to opposed phase. Based on the adove results, we carried out clinical imaging, obtaining significant results for delineating constricted portions. The results obtained suggest this method is useful in supplementing exising techniques. (author).

  6. Tc(V) complexes with Schiff base derivatives of glucosamine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A number of Schiff base complexes of Tc(V) and (III) have recently been reported indicating the pronounced stabilizing effect of this group toward different technetium centers. The structure of the Tc(V)-derivatives was always found to be dominated by the electronic requirements of the Tc=O oxo-moiety: in particular it has been observed that bidentate, monoanionic Schiff bases give rise to monosubstituted or bisubstituted, distorted octahedral complexes in which one base is arranged in order to place the charged atom (oxygen) in transposition to the Tc=O multiple bond. This result was also observed in rhenium(V)-oxo-compounds with bidentate Schiff bases and with salicylaldehyde and it is believed to hold for all monoanionic, bidentate ligands including N.O or O.O pairs as donor atoms. The authors report here the first example of an oxo-complex of Tc(V) in which this rule is not followed, obtained by reacting the oxotetrachlorotechnetium(V) anion with an excess of glucose-derived Schiff base

  7. USTUR WHOLE BODY CASE 0269: DEMONSTRATING EFFECTIVENESS OF I.V. CA-DTPA FOR PU

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    James, Anthony C.; Sasser , Lyle B.; Stuit, Dorothy B.; Glover, Samuel E.; Carbaugh, Eugene H.

    2008-01-28

    This whole body donation case (USTUR Registrant) involved a single acute inhalation of an acidic Pu(NO3)4 solution in the form of an aerosol ‘mist.’ Chelation treatment with i.v. Ca-EDTA was initiated on the day of the intake, and continued intermittently over 6 months. After 2½ years with no further treatment, a course of i.v. Ca-DTPA was administered. A total of 400 measurements of 239+240Pu excreted in urine were recorded; starting on the first day (both before and during the initial Ca-EDTA chelation), and continuing for 37 years. This sampling included all intervals of chelation. In addition, 91 measurements of 239+240Pu-in-feces were recorded over this whole period. The Registrant died about 38 years after the intake, at age 79 y, with extensive carcinomatosis secondary to adenocarcinoma of the prostate gland. At autopsy, all major soft tissue organs were harvested for radiochemical analyses of their 238Pu, 239+240Pu and 241Am content. Also, all types of bone (comprising about half the skeleton) were harvested for radiochemical analyses, as well as samples of skin, subcutaneous fat and muscle. This comprehensive dataset has been applied to derive ‘chelation-enhanced’ transfer rates in the ICRP Publication 67 plutonium biokinetic model, representing the behaviour of blood-borne and tissue-incorporated plutonium during intervals of therapy. The resulting model of the separate effects of i.v. Ca-EDTA and Ca-DTPA chelation shows that the therapy administered in this case succeeded in reducing substantially the long-term burden of plutonium in all body organs, except for the lungs. The calculated reductions in organ content at the time of death are approximately 40% for the liver, 60% for other soft tissues (muscle, skin, glands, etc.), 50% for the kidneys, and 50% for the skeleton. Essentially all of the substantial reduction in skeletal burden occurred in trabecular bone. This modeling exercise demonstrated that 3-y-delayed Ca-DTPA therapy was as

  8. Ustur whole body case 0269: demonstrating effectiveness of i.v. CA-DTPA for Pu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    James, A.C.; Sasser, L.B.; Stuit, D.B. [US Transuranium and Uranium Registries, College of Pharmacy, Washington State University, 1845 Terminal Drive, Suite 201, Richland, WA 99354 (United States); Glover, S.E. [Department of Mechanical, Industrial and Nuclear Engineering, University of Cincinnati, 598 Rhodes Hall, Cincinnati, OH 45221 (United States); Carbaugh, E.H. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, PO Box 999, Richland, WA 99354 (United States)

    2007-07-01

    This whole body donation case (USTUR Registrant) involved a single acute inhalation of an acidic Pu(NO{sub 3}){sub 4} solution in the form of an aerosol 'mist'. Chelation treatment with intravenously (i.v.) Ca-EDTA was initiated on the day of the intake, and continued intermittently over 6 months. After 2.5 y with no further treatment, a course of i.v. Ca-DTPA was administered. A total of 400 measurements of {sup 239+240}Pu excreted in urine were recorded; starting on the first day (both before and during the initial Ca-EDTA chelation) and continuing for 37 y. This sampling included all intervals of chelation. In addition, 91 measurements of {sup 239+240}Pu-in-feces were recorded over this whole period. The Registrant died about 38 y after the intake, at age 79 y, with extensive carcinomatosis secondary to adenocarcinoma of the prostate gland. At autopsy, all major soft tissue organs were harvested for radiochemical analyses of their {sup 238}Pu, {sup 239+240}Pu and {sup 241}Am content. Also, all types of bone (comprising about half the skeleton) were harvested for radiochemical analyses, as well as samples of skin, subcutaneous fat and muscle. This comprehensive data set has been applied to derive 'chelation-enhanced' transfer rates in the ICRP Publication 67 plutonium biokinetic model, representing the behaviour of blood-borne and tissue-incorporated plutonium during intervals of therapy. The resulting model of the separate effects of i.v. Ca-EDTA and Ca-DTPA chelation shows that the therapy administered in this case succeeded in reducing substantially the long-term burden of plutonium in all body organs, except for the lungs. The calculated reductions in organ content at the time of death are {approx}40% for the liver, 60% for other soft tissues (muscle, skin, glands, etc.), 50% for the kidneys and 50% for the skeleton. Essentially, all of the substantial reduction in skeletal burden occurred in trabecular bone. This modelling exercise

  9. Radioisotope power system based on derivative of existing Stirling engine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In a recent paper, the authors presented the results of a system design study of a 75-watt(c) RSG (Radioisotope Stirling Generator) for possible application to the Pluto Fast Flyby mission. That study was based on a Stirling engine design generated by MTI (Mechanical Technology, Inc.). The MTI design was a derivative of a much larger (13 kwe) engine that they had developed and tested for NASA's LERC. Clearly, such a derivative would be a major extrapolation (downsizing) from what has actually been built and tested. To avoid that, the present paper describes a design for a 75-watt RSG system based on derivatives of a small (11-watt) engine and linear alternator system that has been under development by STC (Stirling Technology Company) for over three years and that has operated successfully for over 15,000 hours as of March 1995. Thus, the STC engines would require much less extrapolation from proven designs. The design employs a heat source consisting of two standard General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) modules, coupled to four Stirling engines with linear alternators, any three of which could deliver the desired 75-watt(e) output if the fourth should fail. The four engines are coupled to four common radiators with redundant heatpipes for rejecting the engines' waste heat to space. The above engine and radiator redundancies promote system reliability. The paper describes detailed analyses to determine the effect of radiator geometry on system mass and performance, before and after an engine or heatpipe failure

  10. Preparation of γ-immunoglobulins coupled with DTPA and their labelling with trivalent metal radionuclides for radiotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The scope of the report is as follows: immunoglobulin coupling with cDTPAA and labelling of the conjugate with 90Y; Acid-base and complexation equilibria in the coupled immunoglobulin solution; Theory of the complex equilibrium of yttrium between coupled immunoglobulin and EDTA; and Procedures and results of recent experiments. The following was achieved: (i) The dependence of the bovine immunoglobulin on the cDTPAA/IgG coupling ratio and immunoglobulin concentration was obtained; (ii) A procedure aimed to free phosphate buffer from ubiquitous trivalent cations was tested; (iii) The procedure of lyophilization of coupled bovine IgG-DTPA in a phosphate buffer at pH 7.34 and I = 0.16 mol.l-1.was elaborated. (iv) A procedure for lyophilization of the coupled CD20 monoclonal antibody in the same phosphate buffer was elaborated. (v) Acid-base and complexation equilibria were calculated for citrate and phosphate buffer solutions in the presence of coupled immunoglobulin. ( vi) A theory of the complexation equilibrium of yttrium between coupled immunoglobulin and EDTA was developed. (vii) Experiments were performed leading to the determination of a so far unknown constant of complexity of yttrium to DTPA coupled to immunoglobulin; its 3rd and 4th dissociation constants. (viii) The method sub (vii) can be applied to the determination of the complexity constants of other radionuclides with DTPA coupled to immunoglobulin; the 3rd and 4th dissociation constants of IgG-DTPA will not have to be sought any more. (ix) Samples of lyophilizate of the Y-CD20-DTPA complex can be sent to the biochemical laboratory for immunoreactivity determination. (x) Lyophilizates from experiments (iv-vi) are stored in a refrigerator at 4 deg C to be used for labelling with 177Lu. (xi) The results obtained can be used to plan an experiment with CD20 in which a specific radioactivity of 400 MBq 177Lu per mg CD20 will be achieved. (P.A.)

  11. Sup(99m)Tc-DTPA radio aerosol ventilation study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Papers on deposition pattern analyses of radioaerosol lung scans are few and not easy to interpret as there is a general lack of technical standardization and the number of patients studied is not large. Moreover these reports have been generally obtained with non-hydrosoluble radioaerosols. In the present study 43 patients underwent conventional pulmonary function testing and lung scanning using small droplet (equal or less than 2 microns) polydisperse sup(99m)Tc-DTPA radioaerosol produced with the ''Settling Bag System'' Medi 400 (Sorin). The scans were analysed by two methods: 1) a semiquantitative method proposed by Taplin (SQT); 2) an original simpler semiquantitative method (SQM). Correlations of SQT and SQM with FEV1 and MEF75 resulted highly significant (p<0,001). SQM proved to be superior so SQT as far as reproducibility is concerned. The following conclusions can be drawn: 1) small particle sup(99m)Tc-DTPA aerosol can be easily and cheaply produced by a commercial device; 2) such a radioaerosol is well suited for the evaluation of small and large airways patency, as reflected by MEF75 and FEV1 respectively, with a diagnostic yield comparable to non-hydrosoluble radioaerosols; 3) the original semiquantitative description of the deposition pattern proposed and validated in this study is quite easy to implement and it yields a high correlation with pulmonary function tests; moreover such an approach does not require digital data processing; 4) the sensitivity of sup(99m)Tc-DTPA for the diagnosis of bronchial obstruction is very high and superior to routine pulmonary function tests; in addition the ventilation scan allows the topographical localization of the obstruction themselves

  12. Improvement in DTPA efficacy for plutonium decorporation: biokinetic and dosimetric approaches

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After accidental contamination, the main goal of decorporation is to reduce the dose delivered to the target tissues. In the case of plutonium, the main retention organs are the liver and the skeleton. Diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA ) is the only molecule efficient to de-corporate plutonium which can be administrated to humans. However, its efficiency is limited due to its fast urinary excretion and its distribution, mainly limited in blood and biological fluids. Our goal is to optimise the decorporation efficiency of DTPA by increasing its half-life in blood and allowing the concordance of distribution between the chelate and the actinide. We propose two novel formulations of DTPA according to the chemical form of radionuclides and the type of contamination. First we have shown that encapsulation of DTPA into liposomes could induce major modifications of the chelate pharmacokinetic parameters. For this study, DTPA was encapsulated into conventional and stealth liposomes (large and small vesicles) [1]. Their pharmacokinetics and ability to de-corporate Pu were evaluated in rats treated by a single injection of vectorized DTPA, two hours after contamination with colloidal or soluble Pu [2]. Results showed an increase of the plasma half-life of DTPA up to 12 h and an accumulation of DTPA in liver, spleen and bone. In addition, administration of liposomes containing DTPA induced a significant decrease of Pu retention in the liver (factor 2 compared to free DTPA ) and a large decrease of Pu deposition in the bone (factor 10 compared to free DTPA). These data were associated with an urinary excretion of 80% of injected Pu over 16 days. Thus, these formulations of DTPA encapsulated into liposomes were more efficient to de-corporate Pu than free DTPA. This novel de-corporating strategy could be efficiently used in contaminated patients to avoid long term retention of Pu in the body. Another approach consists in the development of a dry powder formulation of

  13. Gd-DTPA Adsorption on Chitosan/Magnetite Nanocomposites

    OpenAIRE

    Pylypchuk, Ie. V.; Kołodyńska, D.; Kozioł, M.; Gorbyk, P. P.

    2016-01-01

    The synthesis of the chitosan/magnetite nanocomposites is presented. Composites were prepared by co-precipitation of iron(II) and iron(III) salts by aqueous ammonia in the 0.1 % chitosan solution. It was shown that magnetite synthesis in the chitosan medium does not affect the magnetite crystal structure. The thermal analysis data showed 4.6 % of mass concentration of chitosan in the hybrid chitosan/magnetite composite. In the concentration range of initial Gd-DTPA solution up to 0.4 mmol/L, ...

  14. Serial MRI studies using gadolinium DTPA in active multiple sclerosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It has been suggested that blood brain barrier (BBB) impairment is a necessary early event in the pathogenesis of the multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions. To evaluate such an hypothesis in vivo would require: (1) serial imaging studies using a modality with high sensitivity for detecting plaques; (2) a contrast enhancing agent which demonstrates BBB impairment. A serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study was undertaken of a group of MS patients using the contrast agent gadolinium-DTPA. As it has been suggested that T1 and T2 relaxation times are longer in acute than chronic MS lesions, these were also measured. 3 refs.; 1 figure

  15. Biliary enhanced MR imaging by Gd-DTPA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ohkawa, Shinichi; Fujikura, Yuji; Kanai, Toshio (Hiratsuka City Hospital, Kanagawa (Japan)); Hiramatsu, Kyoichi

    1992-05-01

    Biliary enhanced MRI (BEMRI) by Gd-DTPA via PTCD and/or PTGBD tube for obstructive jaundice was performed in 8 patients. In all cases, biliary tract was clearly visualised as high signal intensity on T1 weighted images. On same images, primary lesion such as common bile duct cancer was also visualised as well as portal system. In addition, MR angiography (MRA) by 2D-time of flight method was performed. MRA with BEMRI shows portal encasement on the same image as biliary tract obstruction. This suggests MRA with BEMRI may replace the other modality for obstructive jaundice. (author).

  16. MR imaging of the breast using Gd-DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One hundred selected patients underwent preoperative MR imaging of the breast Gd-DTPA. All carcinomas, fibroadenomas, and instances of mastitis enhanced significantly. Normal breast tissue, nonproliferative dysplasia, and scar tissue did not enhance. Borderline focal or generalized enhancement has been observed in cases of focal or generalized proliferative dysplasia. Compared to mammography, MR imaging yielded significant additional information in 20% of cases; the added information concerned mostly dense breasts and breasts with posttreatment changes. No additional information was obtained in fatty breasts, because of the high accuracy of mammography, and in breasts with proliferative dysplasia, because of their generalized enhancement

  17. Estimation of glomerular filtration rate from fractional renal uptake of sup(99m)Tc-DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was estimated from fractional renal uptake (FRU) of sup(99m)DTPA using the gamma camera-digital computer system with attenuation correction for kidney depth. Forty-eight patients were studied, in whom 24 hour creatinine clearance (Ccr) were concomitantly obtained within a week of the study. A dose of 1-3 mCi of sup(99m)Tc-DTPA was rapidly injected intravenously into the patients who were prepositioned posteriorly before the gamma camera and the sequential 5 sec. frame data was stored for 20 min. in a 64 x 64 matrix form. Attenuation corrected total renal counts at various time intervals after tracer injection were obtained by ROI selection over renal scintigram followed by background subtraction and depth correction to compensate for gamma ray attenuation by the soft tissues. Our formula for determining kidney depth, obtained by ultrasonic scanning, is shown as follows. right kidney depth=16.55 (weight/height)+0.66 left kidney depth=17.05 (weight/hight)+0.13 Attenuation corrected total renal counts was divided by injected dose measured by the gamma camera (perinjection counts minus postinjection counts in syringe) and thus FRU was calculated. FRU at 1-2 min. was best correlated with Ccr (r=0.925, p<0.001). The formula for calculation of GFR was derived from the regression analysis. GFR=(FRU at 1-2 min.)x6.26+3.10 This method is highly valuable for estimating GFR rapidly and accurately. (author)

  18. Nanoporous Carbide-Derived Carbon Material-Based Linear Actuators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janno Torop

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Devices using electroactive polymer-supported carbon material can be exploited as alternatives to conventional electromechanical actuators in applications where electromechanical actuators have some serious deficiencies. One of the numerous examples is precise microactuators. In this paper, we show for first time the dilatometric effect in nanocomposite material actuators containing carbide-derived carbon (CDC and polytetrafluoroetylene polymer (PTFE. Transducers based on high surface area carbide-derived carbon electrode materials are suitable for short range displacement applications, because of the proportional actuation response to the charge inserted, and high Coulombic efficiency due to the EDL capacitance. The material is capable of developing stresses in the range of tens of N cm-2. The area of an actuator can be dozens of cm2, which means that forces above 100 N are achievable. The actuation mechanism is based on the interactions between the high-surface carbon and the ions of the electrolyte. Electrochemical evaluations of the four different actuators with linear (longitudinal action response are described. The actuator electrodes were made from two types of nanoporous TiC-derived carbons with surface area (SA of 1150 m2 g-1 and 1470 m2 g-1, respectively. Two kinds of electrolytes were used in actuators: 1.0 M tetraethylammonium tetrafluoroborate (TEABF4 solution in propylene carbonate and pure ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium trifluoromethanesulfonate (EMITf. It was found that CDC based actuators exhibit a linear movement of about 1% in the voltage range of 0.8 V to 3.0 V at DC. The actuators with EMITf electrolyte had about 70% larger movement compared to the specimen with TEABF4 electrolyte.

  19. 3D-Gd-DTPA MR angiography of cerebral blood vessels: A comparison with conventional 3D-MR subtraction angiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Subtraction angiography based on 3D fast imaging techniques using rephasing and dephasing gradient pulses is widely used, resulting in angiograms which closely correlate with DSA. Similar angiograms can be obtained with 3D-gradient echo techniques before and after the administration of Gadolinium (Gd)-DTPA (0.1-0.2 mmol/kg) followed by image subtraction. As Gd-DTPA does not penetrate the blood-brain barrier, brain imaging is not altering by the contrast agent. Both techniques were compared in patients wihout vascular disease, venous sinus thrombosis, AV malformation and aneurysm. With both techniques the cerebro-vascular system was imaged favoring the venous system because of the more constant flow velocity and the lack of ECG synchronization. Gd-DTPA offers the advantage of the higher signal-to-noise ratio and is hampered by background superposition due to Gd-DTPA enhancement in non brain tissue. With both techniques vessels down to 1 mm can be imaged. (orig.)

  20. Attachment of 99mTc to lipid vesicles containing the lipophilic chelate dipalmitoylphosphatidylethanolamine-DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The binding of 99mTc to negatively-charged and neutral unilamellar lipid vesicles was investigated in the absence and presence of the ligand diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) covalently attached to the headgroup of phosphatidylethanolamine at the surface of the membrane. Even in the absence of DTPA on the membrane surface, 99mTc reduced by Sn bound to the membrane surface but rapidly dissociated from the vesicles in the presence of plasma in vitro. When DTPA was present on the membrane surface, dissociation of 99mTc from the vesicle surface in plasma was much reduced. The dissociation of 99mTc from the surface of negatively-charged vesicles was less than for neutral vesicles in the absence of ligand but was markedly greater than for vesicles containing the ligand DTPA, suggesting that the binding of 99mTc to vesicles with surface-attached DTPA could not be explained solely on the basis of the negative charge provided by the DTPA. In vitro experiments using 14C-labeled lipids as well as in vivo imaging studies indicated that dissociation of 99mTc from the surface of the vesicle did not arise predominantly because of lipid exchange with plasma components or due to cleavage of Tc-DTPA from the vesicle surface. For vesicles with surface-attached DTPA, 99mTc dissociation from the vesicle surface in plasma was further reduced by addition of the antioxidant ascorbate. (author)

  1. Oral Zn-DTPA therapy for reducing 141Ce retention in suckling rats

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In neonatal rats DTPA reduced the intestinal retention of cerium ingested as an additive in its chloride form to milk. It also reduced retention of absorbed cerium. A similar decrease of cerium retention in gut and whole body was obtained after simultaneous or 24 hours' delayed DTPA administration. (author)

  2. Characteristics of gadolinium-DTPA complex: a potential NMR contrast agent

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chelation of the rare-earth element gadolinium (Gd) with diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) results in a strongly paramagnetic, stable complex that is well tolerated in animals. The strongly paramagnetic gadolinium complex reduces hydrogen-proton relaxation times even in low concentrations (less than 0.01 mmol/L). The pharmacokinetic behavior of intravenously delivered Gd-DTPA is similar to the well known iodinated contrast agents used in urography and angiography; excretion is predominately through the kidneys with greater than 90% recovery in 24 hr. The intravenous LD50 of the meglumine salt of Gd-DTPA is 10 mmol/kg for the rat; in vivo there is no evidence of dissociation of the gadolinium ion from the DTPA ligand. The combination of strong proton relaxation, in-vivo stability, rapid urinary excretion, and high tolerance favors the further development and the potential clinical application of gadolinium-DTPA as a contrast enhancer in magnetic resonance imaging

  3. Single-molecular diodes based on opioid derivatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siqueira, M R S; Corrêa, S M; Gester, R M; Del Nero, J; Neto, A M J C

    2015-12-01

    We propose an efficient single-molecule rectifier based on a derivative of opioid. Electron transport properties are investigated within the non-equilibrium Green's function formalism combined with density functional theory. The analysis of the current-voltage characteristics indicates obvious diode-like behavior. While heroin presents rectification coefficient R>1, indicating preferential electronic current from electron-donating to electron-withdrawing, 3 and 6-acetylmorphine and morphine exhibit contrary behavior, Rresonant-tunneling diodes. In particular, the rectification rations for heroin diodes show microampere electron current with a maximum of rectification (R=9.1) at very low bias voltage of ∼0.6 V and (R=14.3)∼1.8 V with resistance varying between 0.4 and 1.5 M Ω. Once most of the current single-molecule diodes usually rectifies in nanoampere, are not stable over 1.0 V and present electrical resistance around 10 M. Molecular devices based on opioid derivatives are promising in molecular electronics. PMID:26613894

  4. Dye-sensitized solar cells based on bisindolylmaleimide derivatives

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiong ZHANG; Zhijun NING; Hongcui PEI; Wenjun WU

    2009-01-01

    Three organic dyes based on bisindolylmaleimide derivatives (11, 12 and 13) were synthesized and investigated as sensitizers for the application in nanocrystalline TiO2 solar cells. The indole group,maleimide group and carboxylic group functioned as electron donor, acceptor and anchoring group, respec-tively. Solar-to-electrical energy conversion efficiencies under simulated amplitude-modulated 1.5 irradiation based on 12 and of 1.87% and 1.50% for 13 and 11,respectively. The open circuit voltage Voc was demon-strated to be enhanced by the introduction of dodecyl or benzyl moieties on the indole groups. The nonplanar structure of bisindolylmaleimide was proven to be effective in aggregation resistance. This work suggests that organic sensitizers with maleimide as electron acceptor are promising candidates as organic sensiti-zers in dye-sensitized solar cells.

  5. Gd-DTPA-enhanced MR in thoracic disc herniations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parizel, P.M.; Rodesch, G.; Baleriaux, D.; Segebarth, C.; Zegers de Beyl, D.; Haens, J. d' ; Noterman, J.

    1989-03-01

    The Gd-DTPA-enhanced magnetic resonance findings in two patients with herniated thoracic intervertebral discs are reported. The first patient was a 56-year-old woman with a small subligamentous T6-7 disc herniation, slightly lateralized to the right. The second patient was a 51-year-old man with a central and right posterolateral disc herniation, including a large calcified fragment, at the T8-9 level. The nonenhanced MR examination revealed the presence of an extradural mass lesion in both patients, impinging upon the dural sac and compressing and displacing the spinal cord posteriorly. The lesion was slightly hypointense on both T1- and T2-weighted spin echo sequences. Following intravenous injection of Gd-DTPA in a dosage of 0.1 mmol/kg body weight, enhancement of the posterior longitudinal ligament was noted and triangular areas of contrast uptake were seen to occur in the epidural space above and below the herniated disc. At surgery, they were found to correspond to dilated and congested epidural veins.

  6. Respiratory clearance of 99mTc-DTPA and pulmonary involvement in sarcoidosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To investigate the relationships between the respiratory epithelial clearance of micronic aerosolized /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA (RC-DTPA) and pulmonary function, serum angiotensin-converting enzyme (SACE), and lymphocytic alveolitis in patients with sarcoidosis, RC-DTPA was measured in 49 nonsmokers with pulmonary sarcoidosis and 38 normal nonsmokers. Pulmonary involvement was evaluated on chest roentgenograms (type O = normal, type I = hilar adenopathies, type II = hilar adenopathies associated with parenchymal shadows, type III = parenchymal shadows without adenopathy) and by pulmonary function tests. Serum angiotensin-converting enzyme was determined, and a bronchoalveolar lavage was performed for alveolar lymphocyte differential counting (Ly%). RC-DTPA was increased (greater than or equal to 1.96%/min) in 12 of 31 patients with type II or III involvement but was normal in all 18 patients with type O or I involvement (p = 0.002). Patients with increased RC-DTPA had low FVC, TLC, FEV1, and resting Pao2 (p less than 0.05); resting and exercise AaPo2 were increased (p less than 0.05), but RC-DTPA correlated negatively with FEV1 (p less than 0.01), Pao2 at rest (p less than 0.005), and DLCO (p less than 0.05) and positively with resting and exercise AaPO2 (p less than 0.01). In patients with increased RC-DTPA (42 +/- 17%), Ly% did not differ from Ly% in patients with normal RC-DTPA (34 +/- 16%). SACE was increased in patients with increased RC-DTPA (56 +/- 26 U/ml versus 38 +/- 16 U/ml; p = 0.007) and correlated positively with RC-DTPA (p less than 0.001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  7. Determination of the mean transit time for the transport of aerosolized 99mTc-DTPA across the pulmonary epithelial membrane. A plasma sample method

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Groth, Sofie; Lassen, N A; Rossing, Niels Nygaard

    1988-01-01

    -P alone but also by factors such as the deposition of the 99mTc-DTPA in the lungs. To avoid these problems a plasma sample method was derived. It describes P-P by the mean transit time (t) for the transport of 99mTc-DTPA across the pulmonary epithelial membrane, t(L). The calculation of t(L) involves two...... slope of an externally derived t-a curve. The individual t(L) values were systematically greater than those of the external detection method (P less than 0.05). It is concluded that the initial slope method overestimates total PC1 as measured by the plasma sample method. When choosing between the two......-a curve is used to calculate t for the transport of 99mTc-DTPA through ECV to the kidneys, t(ECV). Finally t(L) iscalculated as t(L) = -t(L + ECV) t(ECV). We applied the method in nine non-smoking individuals (median age 25.5 years, range 20-28) and compared the results to t as calculated from the initial...

  8. Efficient in vitro labeling rabbit neural stem cell with paramagnetic Gd-DTPA and fluorescent substance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objectives: The aim of this study is to label rabbit neural stem cells (NSCs) by using standard contrast agents (Gd-DTPA) in combination with PKH26 and in vitro track them with MR imaging. Materials and methods: NSCs from prenatal brains of rabbits were cultured and propagated. Intracellular uptake of Gd-DTPA was achieved by using a non-liposomal lipid transfection reagent (Effectene) as the transfection agent. After labeling with Gd-DTPA, cells were incubated with cellular membrane fluorescent dye PKH26. The labeling effectiveness and the longevity of Gd-DTPA maintenance were measured on a 1.5 T MR scanner. The influence of labeling on the cellular biological behaviors was assessed by cellular viability, proliferation and differentiation assessment. Results: The labeling efficiency of Gd-DTPA was up to 90%. The signal intensity on T1-weighted imaging and T1 values of labeled cells were significantly higher than those of unlabeled cells (P 3. Cellular uptake of Gd-DTPA was maintained until 15 days after initially labeling. There was no significant difference in the cellular viability and proliferation between the labeled and unlabeled NSCs (P > 0.05). Normal glial and neuronal differentiation remained in labeled NSCs like unlabeled NSCs. Conclusion: Highly efficient labeling NSCs with Gd-DTPA could be achieved by using Effectene. This method of labeling NSCs allows for tracking cells with MR imaging, and without alterations of cellular biological behaviors.

  9. Blood brain barrier and brain tissue injury by Gd-DTPA in uremia-induced rabbits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An experimental study was carried out to evaluate the morphological changes in the blood brain barrier and neighbouring brain tissue caused by Gd-DTPA in uremia-induced rabbits. Bilateral renal arteries and veins of ten rabbits were ligated. Gd-DTPA(0.2mmol/kg) was intravenously injected into seven rabbits immediately after ligation. After MRI, they were sacrificed 2 or 3 days after ligation in order to observe light and electron microscopic changes in the blood brain barrier and brain tissue. MRI findings were normal, except for enhancement of the superior and inferior sagittal sinuses on T1 weighted images in uremia-induced rabbits injected with Gd-DTPA. On light microscopic examination, these rabbits showed perivascular edema and glial fibrillary acidic protein expression: electron microscopic examination showed separation of tight junctions of endothelial cells, duplication/rarefaction of basal lamina, increased lysosomes of neurons with neuronal death, demyelination of myelin, and extravasation of red blood cells. Uremia-induced rabbits injected with Gd-DTPA showed more severe changes than those without Gd-DTPA injection. Injuries to the blood brain barrier and neighbouring brain tissue were aggravated by Gd-DTPA administration in uremia-induced rabbits. These findings appear to be associated with the neurotoxicity of Gd-DTPA

  10. Clinical use of intravenous gadolinium-DTPA in magnetic resonance imaging of the central nervous system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Following extensive pharmacological and animal studies clinical trials with intravenous gadolinium-DTPA (Gd-DTPA) were begun at the end of 1983. During 1984 one group in Berlin and another in London conducted clinical trials. During 1985 Gd-DTPA was released more widely and now over 20 groups in Europe and four in the United States are involved in clinical evaluation programmes. Gd-DTPA is the first parenteral magnetic contrast agent available for clinical use and the results of these clinical trials have been followed with considerable interest. In general terms the clinical results with Gd-DTPA parallel those seen with iodinated contrast agents used in X-ray computed tomography (CT) but there are important differences, particularly in relation to the use of pulse sequences and effects due to increased concentration of Gd-DTPA. In this chapter the mode of action of Gd-DTPA is reviewed and the clinical results in the central nervous system are summarised

  11. Exercise increases the lung clearance of inhaled Tc-99m DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It has been suggested that blood flow have little effect on the lung clearance of Tc-99m DTPA which depends on the alveolar distension. However an increase of pulmonary blood flow, induces a recruitment of new vascular areas which can enhance this clearance. To assess this hypothesis the pulmonary apical and basal clearances of a sumicronic aerosol of Tc-99m DTPA were studied at rest and at exercise in seven non smoking volunteers in upright posture. As a matter of fact exercising upright is known to increase primarily the apical blood flow. After inhalation the subjects were seated on a bicycle their back against a gamma camera which was linked to a computer. The lung radioactivity was registered successively during a resting and an exercising period. At rest there was a gradient of clearance from the apex to the base of the lung, the apical clearance being significantly higher. At exercise (50 Watts, 60 c. min /sup -1/, 7 min.) this regional gradient was enhanced by a large and significant increase of the apical clearances (0.0340 min /sup -1/ +-0.0063 SD versus 0.00183 min /sup -1/ +- 0.074 SD at rest, n = 7, p < 0.01). By contrast the changes of the basal clearances were slight and unsignificant (0.0146 min /sup -1/ +- 0.0062 SD versus 0.0140 min /sup -1/ +- 0.0082 SD). Since exercise induces little distension of the apical alveoli but drastically enhances the apical blood flow, the observed increase of the apical lung clearance could be primarily attributed to the recruitment of new capillaries induced by exercise in the apices. This led to an increase of the surface area permeability product

  12. Gd-Complexes of New Arylpiperazinyl Conjugates of DTPA-Bis(amides): Synthesis, Characterization and Magnetic Relaxation Properties

    OpenAIRE

    Abdullah O. Ba-Salem; Nisar Ullah; M. Nasiruzzaman Shaikh; Mohamed Faiz; Zaheer Ul-Haq

    2015-01-01

    Two new DTPA-bis(amide) based ligands conjugated with the arylpiperazinyl moiety were synthesized and subsequently transformed into their corresponding Gd(III) complexes 1 and 2 of the type [Gd(L)H2O]·nH2O. The relaxivity (R1) of these complexes was measured, which turned out to be comparable with that of Omniscan®, a commercially available MRI contrast agent. The cytotoxicity studies of these complexes indicated that they are non-toxic, which reveals their potential and physiological suitabi...

  13. Clinical assessment of Gd-DTPA enhancement by using subtracted synthetic MR images

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The evaluation of Gd-DTPA contrast enhancement in high-intensity tissues on T1-weighted images, such as fat and bone marrow, is quite difficult. In this study, the authors used subtracted synthetic images, which are generated by means of an RGB mixture method in an attempt to show the Gd-DTPA enhancement more clearly. In addition, the authors also obtained sequential post Gd-DTPA images to assess the changes in enhancement of lesions with time. Twenty patients were studied with these methods, and their results are illustrated

  14. Evaluation of renal function in rats: Renal clearance of 99mTc-DTPA underestimates glomerular filtration rate (GFR) as compared with renal clearance of eH-inulin or 51 CR-EDTA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    conclusion, the present study shows that assessment of GFR using 99mTc-DTPA using based on Clr or Clp techniques is inaccurate. Thus it is not possible to provide SKGFR values using Clp of 99mTc-DTPA combined with renography. The apparent difference between the kinetics of EDTA and DTPA need to be further examined (au)

  15. INSURANCE CONTRACTS BASED ON INDICES, A STEP TOWARDS WEATHER DERIVATIVES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boton#537; Horia-Mircea

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze the methodology of structuring an index based insurance contract. The weather has always been the biggest risk factor in agriculture, affecting all aspects of the economic sectors. In the developed countries of the world, there is a significant number of rain-dependent farmers. To gain insight into potential growth of weather markets in developed countries, we are going to analyze the case of India. In 2003, Basix microfinance company in Hyderabad and ICICI Lombard insurance company in Mumbai have launched a pilot weather insurance, which had as basic index phenomena for Mahahbubnagar district of Andhra Pradesh. Further detail can be found in the full-paper. In the paper we will enumerate the appropriate steps in the determining the necessity for the use of index based insurances. The appropriate stages are making a comparison between index based insurances and traditional insurances, and optimizing the use of weather indices in insurance contracts. In order for the contracts to be successful , the recommended steps are : developing a product based in an index, and after the we need to plan and implement the contract. In planning the implementation it is needed that we: identify the risks and areas where they manifest, then identify the best distribution channels; after this we can develop a prototype of the contract. The next step would the testing of the negotiability of the contract, then the contract is opened to be finalized. After this the index based insurance contract can be introduced to the market, but the program needs monitoring in order to insure its successfulness. In order for the market and contract to grow the necessary step are: having access to the necessary meteorological data, determine the optimal way of integrating the contract in the existing economical context, technical feasibility, property rights and the legal framework. In the end, the aim is to familiarize the literacy field and

  16. A novel polymeric herbicide based on phenoxyacetic acid derivatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wimol Klaichim

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A novel polymeric herbicide based on phenoxyacetic acid derivatives was prepared by the reaction of epoxidised liquid natural rubber (ELNR with 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D or 2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid(MCPA. The liquid natural rubber (LNR was firstly obtained from the degradation of natural rubber latex with tert-butyl hydroperoxide and cobalt acetylacetonate at 65oC for 72 hrs. The epoxidised liquid natural rubber was prepared from thereaction of LNR with formic acid and hydrogen peroxide at 50oC for 6 hrs. The reaction of epoxidised liquid natural rubber with 2,4-D or MCPA using triethylamine as a catalyst in toluene was performed at 70, 80, and 90oC for 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24hrs. The polymeric herbicides obtained were characterized and the grafting percentage of 2,4-D or MCPA onto liquid natural rubber were also determined by FT-IR and 1H-NMR spectroscopy. It was found that the grafting percentage increased with increasing amount of reactants, temperature, and reaction time. The release of 2,4-D and MCPA from polymeric herbicides was investigated in pH 6, 7, and 8 buffers at room temperature. The results show that the slowest release of 2,4-D and MCPA was found to be constant at pH 7 for 14 and 10 days, respectively.

  17. Multifunctional switches based on bis-imidazole derivative

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abdullah M A Asiri; Gameel A Baghaffar; Khadija O Badahdah; Abdullah G M Al-Sehemi; Salman A Khan; Abeer A Bukhari

    2009-11-01

    multifunctional bis-imidazole derived from piperonal was prepared and found to have photo, thermo, solvato and peiezochromism with colour changes from pale green to deep blue. The multifunctionality colour changes and stability of the coloured species make the derivative candidates for various applications such as optical data storage. The photochromic properties and performance were found to be affected remarkably upon changing the solvent.

  18. A comparison study of radiostrontium chelation with chitin, chitosan, EDTA and DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chitin and chitosan are nontoxic natural chelators that chelate radiostrontium effectively. The purpose of this study was to compare radiostrontium chelation of chitin and chitosan with that of well known chemical chelators, namely EDTA and DTPA. The chelaton rates of chitin, chitosan, EDTA and DTPA were compared using a column chromatography method (Sephadex G-25M, Sweden). Three kinds of chitins and four kinds of chitosans were used. All of them were water soluble. Phosphated chitosan showed the highest chelation yield of 97% at pH 7. All of chitins, chitosans, EDTA and DTPA showed chelation yield of more than 90% independent of varing pH level. Chitin and chitosan have similar chelation rate as compared with EDTA and DTPA

  19. 1976 Hanford americium-exposure incident: urinary excretion of trace metals during DTPA treatments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Urine samples from a person treated intravenously with diethylenetriaminepentaacetate (DPTA) salts for 3 years to promote the excretion of 241Am were assayed for 24 elements including almost all of the trace metals currently recognized as essential for good health. Zinc was found to be the only metal excreted more rapidly than normal. An 18-mg urinary loss of body zinc was found to be associated with each 1-g injection of Na3CaDTPA. Use of either Na3ZnDTPA or Na3CaDTPA combined with oral dosages of ZnSO4 appeared to completely compensate for this loss, and it is unlikely that the patient experienced any zinc deficiency due to the DTPA treatment

  20. Theoretical Design of Blue-light-emitting Material Based on 1,2,3-Benzotriazole-based Derivative

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Bo; YAO Chan; HUANG Xu-Ri

    2011-01-01

    Theoretically,1,2,3-benzotriazole(BT)-based derivative is designed by the struc-tural tuning in 2,1,3-benzothiadiazole(BTD)-based derivative and presents potential for applications in organic light-emitting diodes(OLEDs).Calculations show that the emission spectrum of BT-based derivative is located at the blue scope,so it can act as a blue-light-emitting material.Importantly,the oscillator strength of emission spectrum is significantly enhanced by replacing BTD with BT,implying it possess large fluorescent intensity.Additionally,BT-based derivative exhibits improved hole transportation with respect to the BTD-based derivative.

  1. Preparation of 99Tcm-Gd-DTPA-Dimeglumine and its biologic characteristics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of Gd-DTPA-Dimeglumine, as a contrast enhancer in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). It was labeled with 99Tcm, and its biologic characteristics was observed. The radiochemical purity and the stability of 99Tcm-Gd-DTPA-Dimeglumine were measured by TLC. The labeling yield of 99Tcm-Gd-DTPA-Dimeglumine was > 95% and stable for at least 6 h at room temperature with the radiochemical purity more than 90%. The plasma protein binding rate of 99Tcm-Gd-DTPA-Dimeglumine was 2.25% ± 0.21%. The biodistribution in mice showed that 99Tcm-Gd-DTPA-Dimeglumine was excreted through kidney. The time of the highest uptake in all of the major organs was at 1 min after injection, and the decrease of deposition was more than 50% at 5 min after injection, and the brain and muscles had the lowest uptake rate which was less than 1%. The major organs had little uptake at 30-60 min after injection. Renal dynamic scintigraphy in rabbits were administrated via intravenous injection. The results indicated that 99Tcm-Gd-DTPA-Dimeglumine was quickly excreted by kidney, and the time to peak was about 5 min, the half time of clearance was about 7 min. It was a sample method with high labeling yield and radiochemical purity that Gd-DTPA-Dimeglumine labeled with 99Tcm, and its biodistribution was not changed on the whole after labeled. The study indicated that DTPA as a bifunctional chelator may be linked with 99Tcm and Gd. As a type of new multimodality imaging agents with higher targeting characteristics, it could be applied both in SPECT and MRI scan. (authors)

  2. Easy and Efficient 111Indium Labeling of Long-Term Stored DTPA Conjugated Protein

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nalla, Amarnadh; Buch, Inge; Hesse, Birger

    2011-01-01

    -diethylene-triamine-pentaacetic acid (cDTAP) was conjugated to a polyclonal immunoglobulin-G (IgG) in borate buffer, pH 8.2 at +4?C for 4 hours. Then the DTPA-conjugate was dialyzed against 50 mmol/l sodium citrate buffer saline, pH 6.0 and stored at -80° C in aliquots of 1 mg/0.5 ml. The DTPA-conjugate was labeled with 111In...

  3. Study with radio aerosol of DTPA technetium-99 m in individuals with pulmonary disease by amiodarone

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to evaluate the role of the clearance of 99 m Technetium chelated to diethylenetriamine-penta-acetate (99 m Tc-DTPA) in amiodarone induced pulmonary disease, 40 individuals were studied in four groups. After spirometry, where a volume-time curve was registered, all individuals inhaled 740 MBq of 99 m Tc-DTPA diluted in 4 ml of saline, for five minutes. Pulmonary images were obtained in a computerized scintillation camera and 9 regions of interest were selected. (author)

  4. Preparation of 99Tcm-DTPA-metronidazole kit and preliminary clinical application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    DTPA-metronidazole is labelled with 99Tcm by a stannous chloride reduction method. The better conditions are selected, and the labelling yield is 99%. The main route of clearance is via the kidneys. One patient with lung cancer having bone metastasis and one patient with breast cancer are obtained is positive imaging. These observation suggest that DTPA-metronidazole may be a suitable agent for non-invasive, clinical assessment of tissue hypoxia

  5. Evaluation of inflammatory bowel disease with /sup 99mTc-DTPA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kadir, S.; Strauss, H.W.

    1979-02-01

    Technetium-99m-labelled DTPA was found to localize in segments of bowel with inflammation due to ulcerative colitis, regional enteritis, and other forms of enterocolitis. The concentration of tracer was apparently related to the clinical activity of the disease process. Imaging with /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA may offer an appealing, noninvasive alternative for identifying and following up patients with inflammatory bowel disease.

  6. Straightforward thiol-mediated protein labelling with DTPA: Synthesis of a highly active 111In-annexin A5-DTPA tracer

    OpenAIRE

    Kratz, Harald; Haeckel, Akvile; Michel, Roger; Schönzart, Lena; Hanisch, Uli; Hamm, Bernd; Schellenberger, Eyk

    2012-01-01

    Background Annexin A5 (anxA5) has been found useful for molecular imaging of apoptosis and other biological processes. Methods Here, we report an optimised two-step synthesis of annexin A5-diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) (anxA5-DTPA) for positron emission tomography (PET) and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging with a single purification step. The use of a recombinant annexin A5 (cys-anxA5) with a single thiol group allowed regionally specific coupling, with...

  7. The other membrane is the target of diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) in cellular injury

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text. DTPA is the most commonly compound utilized for diagnostic imaging in nuclear medicine. After the conjugation to a radionuclide, such as 99m Tc, 113m In or 111 In, DTPA allows satisfactory evaluation of esophageal transit, gastric emptying, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), blood-brain barrier (BBB), liver, and pulmonary system. However, our studies have shown a strong toxic effect in wild type bacterial cells (Escherichia coli AB 1157) caused by this drug, even when assayed in smaller concentration than administered to humans. DNA strand breaks analysis and cellular experiments in different mutant bacterial strain did not reveal any direct or indirect lesion in genetic material, respectively. Electron micrographs of treated E. coli demonstrated an irregular cell wall structure, which may result that some molecules present normally in extracellular environmental could exert their effect on intracellular metabolic processes. Since DTPA carry a chelator agent property, it suggest that DTPA take out Ca +2 and/or other metallic ions present on membrane. Putting together, our results suggest that is essential the pH control of DTPA solution administered to patients. The role o DTPA on cellular membrane is still under investigation

  8. The other membrane is the target of diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) in cellular injury

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Caceres, M.R.; Assis, M.L.B.; De Mattos, J.C.P.; Stunbo, A.C.; Carvalho, L.; Bernardo Filho, M.; Caldeira de Araujo, A. [Universidade do Estado, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Dept. de Biofisica e Biometria

    1997-12-31

    Full text. DTPA is the most commonly compound utilized for diagnostic imaging in nuclear medicine. After the conjugation to a radionuclide, such as {sup 99m} Tc, {sup 113m} In or {sup 111} In, DTPA allows satisfactory evaluation of esophageal transit, gastric emptying, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), blood-brain barrier (BBB), liver, and pulmonary system. However, our studies have shown a strong toxic effect in wild type bacterial cells (Escherichia coli AB 1157) caused by this drug, even when assayed in smaller concentration than administered to humans. DNA strand breaks analysis and cellular experiments in different mutant bacterial strain did not reveal any direct or indirect lesion in genetic material, respectively. Electron micrographs of treated E. coli demonstrated an irregular cell wall structure, which may result that some molecules present normally in extracellular environmental could exert their effect on intracellular metabolic processes. Since DTPA carry a chelator agent property, it suggest that DTPA take out Ca {sup +2} and/or other metallic ions present on membrane. Putting together, our results suggest that is essential the pH control of DTPA solution administered to patients. The role o DTPA on cellular membrane is still under investigation

  9. Preparation and application of 99mTc-DTPA to renal and vesicoureteral studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dry-kit methods to label DTPA with 99mTc were evaluated. Quality control of 99mTC-DTPA was performed with two gel chromatography methods. The gel chromatography scanning methods was the only method that resulted in a satisfactory separation of the various components. A reproducible high labeling yield of 99mTc-DTPA was found to result. No difference as to the occurrence of vesicoureteral reflux could be established between 99mTc-DTPA and X-ray cystouretherography. Renograms obtained with simultaneously administered 99mTc--DTPA and 131I-Hippuran were compared. The Spearmans correlation coefficients were rs greater than or equal to 0.61 (P less than 0.0005) for normal kidneys. The renogram curves were very similar but not identical in both normal and pathological kidneys. The use of a stochastic modeel and deconvolution enabled renal retention curves to be calculated. The following data were evaluated from the curves: AMPLITUDE of the plateau, MAXIMUM TIME, and MEAN TRASIT TIME. The values obtained with 99mTc-DTPA and 131I-Hippuran correlated well. With both tracers it was possible to distinguish three groups: Normal, parenchymal insufficiency, and ureteral obstruction. Since retention curves express the renal function in its simplest and most explicit form, such curves are easier to interpret than conventional renograms. (author)

  10. Design and functionalities of the MADOR® software suite for dose-reduction management after DTPA therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leprince, B; Fritsch, P; Bérard, P; Roméo, P-H

    2016-03-01

    A software suite on biokinetics of radionuclides and internal dosimetry intended for the occupational health practitioners of nuclear industry and for expert opinions has been developed under Borland C++ Builder™. These computing tools allow physicians to improve the dosimetric follow-up of workers in agreement with the French regulations and to manage new internal contaminations by radionuclides such as Pu and/or Am after diethylene triamine penta-acetic acid treatments. In this paper, the concept and functionalities of the first two computing tools of this MADOR(®) suite are described. The release 0.0 is the forensic application, which allows calculating the derived recording levels for intake by inhalation or ingestion of the main radioisotopes encountered in occupational environment. Indeed, these reference values of activity are convenient to interpret rapidly the bioassay measurements and make decisions as part of medical monitoring. The release 1.0 addresses the effect of DTPA treatments on Pu/Am biokinetics and the dose benefit. The forensic results of the MADOR(®) suite were validated by comparison with reference data. PMID:25999333

  11. Design and functionalities of the MADORR software suite for dose-reduction management after DTPA therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A software suite on biokinetics of radionuclides and internal dosimetry intended for the occupational health practitioners of nuclear industry and for expert opinions has been developed under Borland C++ BuilderTM. These computing tools allow physicians to improve the dosimetric follow-up of workers in agreement with the French regulations and to manage new internal contaminations by radionuclides such as Pu and/or Am after diethylene triamine penta-acetic acid treatments. In this paper, the concept and functionalities of the first two computing tools of this MADORR suite are described. The release 0.0 is the forensic application, which allows calculating the derived recording levels for intake by inhalation or ingestion of the main radioisotopes encountered in occupational environment. Indeed, these reference values of activity are convenient to interpret rapidly the bioassay measurements and make decisions as part of medical monitoring. The release 1.0 addresses the effect of DTPA treatments on Pu/Am biokinetics and the dose benefit. The forensic results of the MADORR suite were validated by comparison with reference data. (authors)

  12. Studies on the biological behaviors of taxol derivatives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Awh, Ok Doo; Yoo, Dae Wung [College of Medicine, Yonsei Univ., Wonju (Korea, Republic of); Im, Sang Moo [College of Medicine, Korea Cancer Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-07-01

    This study was designed to prospect the {sup 111}In-labelled paclitaxel as tumor imaging agent. In order to provide a taxol molecule with a functional -group which is able to chelate In-111, taxol-DTPA conjugate and 2'-hemisuccinyltaxol were synthesized by esterification of taxol at C-2' on C-13 carbon with DTPA anhydride and succinic anhydride, respectively. Synthesis yield of the taxol derivatives was 34% for taxol-DTPA and 80% for 2'-hemisuccinyltaxol. Cytotoxicity of the taxol derivatives were measured by MTT method toward cell lines HT29, B16, P388, and CT26. The cytotoxic activities of the taxol derivatives were maintained, although less active than taxol. Radiolabelling of the taxol derivatives were proceeded directly with {sup 111}InCl{sub 3} or indirectly with {sup 111}In-citrate(ligand-exchange method). The ligand-exchange method was not suitable because some precipitates appeared during the reaction. On the contrary, by direct radiolabelling method, we were able to obtain taxol-DTPA-{sup 111}In in 100% radiochemical yield. However, 2'-hemisuccinyltaxol was not labelled by both methods. Yield and radiochemical purity of the radiolabelled compound were determined by HPLC, paper chromatography and instant thin layer chromatography. Taxol-DTPA -{sup 111}In was characterized to be hydrophilic by lipophilicity test, and nearly non-adhesive to HT29, B16, P388, and CT26 by cell binding affinity test. Binding affinity of the taxol-DTPA-{sup 111}In complex to serum proteins was also examined by protein precipitation with 30% trichloroacetic acid. The results showed that 30% of the taxol-DTPA-{sup 111}In complex binds with serum proteins.

  13. Multivariable analysis of clinical influence factors on liver enhancement of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced 3T MRI; Multivariable Analyse klinischer Einflussfaktoren auf die Signalintensitaet bei Gd-EOB-DTPA 3T-MRT der Leber

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Verloh, N.; Haimerl, M.; Stroszczynski, C.; Fellner, C.; Wiggermann, P. [University Hospital Regensburg (Germany). Dept. of Radiology; Zeman, F. [University Hospital Regensburg (Germany). Center for Clinical Trials; Teufel, A. [University Hospital Regensburg (Germany). Dept. of Gastroenterology; Lang, S. [University Hospital Regensburg (Germany). Dept. of Surgery

    2015-01-15

    The purpose of this study was to identify clinical factors influencing Gd-EOB-DTPA liver uptake in patients with healthy liver parenchyma. A total of 124 patients underwent contrast-enhanced MRI with a hepatocyte-specific contrast agent at 3T. T1-weighted volume interpolated breath-hold examination (VIBE) sequences with fat suppression were acquired before and 20 minutes after contrast injection. The relative enhancement (RE) between plain and contrast-enhanced signal intensity was calculated. Simple and multiple linear regression analyses were performed to evaluate clinical factors influencing the relative enhancement. Patients were subdivided into three groups according to their relative liver enhancement (HRE, RE ≥ 100 %; MRE, 100 % > RE > 50 %; NRE, RE ≤ 50 %) and were analyzed according to the relevant risk factors. Simple regression analyses revealed patient age, transaminases (AST, ALT, GGT), liver, spleen and delta-liver volume (the difference between the volumetrically measured liver volume and the estimated liver volume based on body weight) as significant factors influencing relative enhancement. In the multiple analysis the transaminase AST, spleen and delta liver volume remained significant factors influencing relative enhancement. Delta liver volume showed a significant difference between all analyzed groups. Liver enhancement in the hepatobiliary phase depends on a variety of factors. Body weight-adapted administration of Gd-EOB-DTPA may lead to inadequate liver enhancement after 20 minutes especially when the actual liver volume differs from the expected volume.

  14. Preclinical pharmacokinetics, biodistribution, radiation dosimetry and acute toxicity studies required for regulatory approval of a Clinical Trial Application for a Phase I/II clinical trial of 111In-BzDTPA-pertuzumab

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Introduction: 111In-BzDTPA-pertuzumab is a novel imaging probe for detecting changes in HER2 expression in breast cancer (BC) caused by treatment with trastuzumab (Herceptin). Our aim was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics, normal tissue biodistribution, radiation dosimetry and acute toxicity of 111In-BzDTPA-pertuzumab in non-tumor bearing mice in order to obtain regulatory approval to advance this agent to a first-in-humans Phase I/II clinical trial. Methods: Biodistribution and pharmacokinetic studies were performed in non-tumor bearing Balb/c mice injected i.v. with 111In-BzDTPA-pertuzumab (2.5 MBq; 2 μg). The cumulative number of disintegrations per source organ derived from the biodistribution data was used to predict the radiation absorbed doses in humans using OLINDA/EXM software. Acute toxicity was studied at two weeks post-injection of 111In-BzDTPA-pertuzumab (1.0 MBq, 20 μg) with comparison to control mice injected with unlabeled BzDTPA-pertuzumab (20 μg) or Sodium Chloride Injection USP. The dose of 111In-BzDTPA-pertuzumab corresponded to 23-times the human radioactivity dose and 10-times the protein dose on a MBq/kg and mg/kg basis, respectively. Toxicity was assessed by monitoring body mass, complete blood cell count (CBC), hematocrit (Hct), hemoglobin (Hb), serum creatinine (SCr) and alanine aminotransferease (ALT) and by histopathological examination of tissues at necropsy. Results: 111In-BzDTPA-pertuzumab exhibited a biphasic elimination from the blood with a distribution half-life (t1/2α) of 3.8 h and an elimination half-life (t1/2β) of 228.2 h. The radiopharmaceutical was distributed mainly in the blood, heart, lungs, liver, kidneys and spleen. The projected whole-body radiation absorbed dose in humans was 0.05 mSv/MBq corresponding to a total of 16.8 mSv for three separate administrations of 111In-BzDTPA-pertuzumab (111 MBq) planned for the Phase I/II trial. There were slight changes in Hb and SCr levels associated with administration of

  15. Personal Identification Based on Vectorcardiogram Derived from Limb Leads Electrocardiogram

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jongshill Lee

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We propose a new method for personal identification using the derived vectorcardiogram (dVCG, which is derived from the limb leads electrocardiogram (ECG. The dVCG was calculated from the standard limb leads ECG using the precalculated inverse transform matrix. Twenty-one features were extracted from the dVCG, and some or all of these 21 features were used in support vector machine (SVM learning and in tests. The classification accuracy was 99.53%, which is similar to the previous dVCG analysis using the standard 12-lead ECG. Our experimental results show that it is possible to identify a person by features extracted from a dVCG derived from limb leads only. Hence, only three electrodes have to be attached to the person to be identified, which can reduce the effort required to connect electrodes and calculate the dVCG.

  16. Fluorescent sensor based on a novel conjugated polyfluorene derivative

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Weiqiang; Yan, Mei; Ge, Shenguang; Liu, Xiaoxia; Yu, Jinghua

    2012-09-01

    A novel water-soluble polyfluorene derivative, poly[(9,9-bis(3'-((N,N-dimethylamino)N-ethylammonium)propyl)-2,7-fluorene)-alt-2,7-(9,9-p-divinylbenzene)]dibromide (P-2) was synthesized by the palladium-catalyzed Suzuki coupling reaction and it's quaternized ammonium polyelectrolyte derivatives was obtained through a postpolymerization treatment on the terminal amino groups. The electrochemical and optical properties of the copolymers was fully investigated. The results showed that the new polyfluorene derivative had high electronic conductivity and strong fluorescence, therefore it had good potential to be used in chemical and biological sensors, as shown in optical sensing of bovine albumin (BSA) in this study.

  17. DTPA: Bis benzimidazole as multi model imaging agent

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The DTPA bis benzimidazole analogue has been tested for radiopharmaceutical efficacy. The radiolabelling was found more then 98% after 8 hrs and blood kinetics was fast. The compound was also tested for optical imaging agent. The Eu3+ ion has an absorption band in the visible spectrum (578-582 nm) whose wavelength is very sensitive to even small changes in the coordination environment. Although the intensity of this 7F0 → 5D0 transition is low, the bands are relatively narrow, which allows distinguishing different coordination states of the metal. For Eu3+ complexes which have two differently hydrated forms in aqueous solution, one observes two absorption bands belonging to the two species. High-resolution UV-visible spectra were recorded in aqueous solutions which show a temperature invariant absorption with two distinct, temperature-dependent absorption bands. The intensity ratio of these two bands changes with temperature: the band at shorter wavelengths is decreasing very slightly, while that at longer wavelengths is increasing with the temperature. The ratio of the integrals of the two bands is related to the equilibrium constant, and its temperature dependence yields the reaction enthalpy and entropy

  18. Dynamic 99mTc-DTPA radioaerosol lung scanning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    51 patients (10 normal subjects and 41 pathological ones) underwent dynamic 99mTc-DTPA radioaerosol lung scanning to evaluate different technical aspects of alveolar-capillary permeability, as reflected by the rate constant (k) of the radiotracer exponential washout. A significant difference (p<0.01) was found between normal and pathological subjects but not among pathological groups as a damage of alveolar-capillary barrier is a non specific event common to different lung conditions. No significant correlation was found between total lung k and either spirometric tests (FEV1 and MEF75) or radioaerosol initial distribution, proving thus that the alveolar-capillary permeability is not related to derangements of ventilation. Inter and intraoperator reproducibilities were fairly satisfactory, showing correlation coefficients of 0.992 and 0.996, respectively. Sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of increased alveolar-capillary permeability were calculated using different criteria. The best results in the patients studied were achieved by using total rather than regional ks, leading to a specificity of 90% and a sensitivity of 86%. (orig.)

  19. Personal Identification Based on Vectorcardiogram Derived from Limb Leads Electrocardiogram

    OpenAIRE

    Jongshill Lee; Youngjoon Chee; Inyoung Kim

    2012-01-01

    We propose a new method for personal identification using the derived vectorcardiogram (dVCG), which is derived from the limb leads electrocardiogram (ECG). The dVCG was calculated from the standard limb leads ECG using the precalculated inverse transform matrix. Twenty-one features were extracted from the dVCG, and some or all of these 21 features were used in support vector machine (SVM) learning and in tests. The classification accuracy was 99.53%, which is similar to the...

  20. Multivariable analysis of clinical influence factors on liver enhancement of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced 3T MRI

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to identify clinical factors influencing Gd-EOB-DTPA liver uptake in patients with healthy liver parenchyma. A total of 124 patients underwent contrast-enhanced MRI with a hepatocyte-specific contrast agent at 3T. T1-weighted volume interpolated breath-hold examination (VIBE) sequences with fat suppression were acquired before and 20 minutes after contrast injection. The relative enhancement (RE) between plain and contrast-enhanced signal intensity was calculated. Simple and multiple linear regression analyses were performed to evaluate clinical factors influencing the relative enhancement. Patients were subdivided into three groups according to their relative liver enhancement (HRE, RE ≥ 100 %; MRE, 100 % > RE > 50 %; NRE, RE ≤ 50 %) and were analyzed according to the relevant risk factors. Simple regression analyses revealed patient age, transaminases (AST, ALT, GGT), liver, spleen and delta-liver volume (the difference between the volumetrically measured liver volume and the estimated liver volume based on body weight) as significant factors influencing relative enhancement. In the multiple analysis the transaminase AST, spleen and delta liver volume remained significant factors influencing relative enhancement. Delta liver volume showed a significant difference between all analyzed groups. Liver enhancement in the hepatobiliary phase depends on a variety of factors. Body weight-adapted administration of Gd-EOB-DTPA may lead to inadequate liver enhancement after 20 minutes especially when the actual liver volume differs from the expected volume.

  1. Sulfonylurea receptor as a target for molecular imaging of pancreas beta cells with 99mTc-DTPA-glipizide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study was aimed to assess pancreas beta cell activity using 99mTc-diethyleneaminepentaacetic acid-glipizide (DTPA-GLP), a sulfonylurea receptor agent. The effect of DTPA-GLP on the blood glucose level in rats was also evaluated. DTPA dianhydride was conjugated with GLP in the presence of sodium amide, yielding 60%. Biodistribution and planar images were obtained at 30-120 min after injection of 99mTc-DTPA-GLP (1 mg/rat, 0.74 and 11.1 MBq per rat, respectively) in normal female Fischer 344 rats. The control group was given 99mTc-DTPA. To demonstrate pancreas beta cell uptake of 99mTc-DTPA-GLP via a receptor-mediated process, a group of rats was pretreated with streptozotocin (a beta cell toxin, 55 mg/kg, intravenous (i.v.)) and the images were acquired at immediately-65 min on day 5 post-treatment. The effect on the glucose levels after a single administration (ip) of DTPA-GLP was compared to glipizide (GLP) for up to 6 h. The structure of DTPA-GLP was confirmed by NMR, mass spectrometry and HPLC. Radiochemical purity assessed by ITLC was >96%. 99mTc-DTPA-GLP showed increased pancreas-to-muscle ratios, whereas 99mTc-DTPA showed decreased ratios at various time points. Pancreas could be visualized with 99mTc-DTPA-GLP in normal rat, however, 99mTc-DTPA has poor uptake suggesting the specificity of 99mTc-DTPA-GLP. Pancreas beta cell uptake could be blocked by pre-treatment with streptozotocin. DTPA-GLP showed an equal or better response in lowering the glucose levels compared to the existing GLP drug. It is feasible to use 99mTc-DTPA-GLP to assess pancreas beta cell receptor recognition. 99mTc-DTPA-GLP may be helpful in evaluating patients with diabetes, pancreatitis and pancreatic tumors. (author)

  2. MRI of spondylodiscities: contribution of gadolinium-DTPA and fat suppression sequence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Twenty-six patients with a clinical diagnosis of spondylodiscitis were examined with non-contrast and contrast-enhanced MRI in order to define the contribution of gadolinium-DTPA (Gd-DTPA) and different pulse sequences, including a fat suppression sequence (SPIR). Spin echo (SE) T1-weighted images before and after Gd-DTPA injection and SE T2-weighted images were obtained in all patients. Twelve patients were also examined using the SPIR sequence following Gd-DTPA injection. Signal intensity and morphological features of the disc and vertebral lesions were then evaluated. The SE T1-weighted sequence with Gd-DTPA was very effective in showing the pathological changes at the level of the disc as an area of low signal intensity surrounded by a peripheral rim of enhancement in 24 of 26 cases (92%). This feature was not visible on non-enhanced images. As regards contiguous vertebral lesions this sequence was less informative, since in 8 of 26 cases (31%) the vertebral lesions became isointense and therefore not detectable. In 12 cases there was extension into the surrounding structures (spinal canal and/or paravertebral tissues). An enhanced SE T1-weighted sequence provided good anatomical definition of the extension of the infection in the spinal canal in all cases with this type of involvement (7 of 12). Regarding the 7 cases with paravertebral extension, no extension was visible in 1 case due to the reduced contrast with the surrounding fat following Gd-DTPA injection. The enhanced SPIR sequence was very effective, particularly in detecting the lesions in the vertebral bodies, avoiding the limitation of the enhanced SE T1-weighted sequence. The SPIR sequence was also effective in showing the extension within the spinal canal and the paravertebral fat. On the basis of our results the combination of a SE T1-weighted sequence without contrast and SPIR sequence with Gd-DTPA seems to be the best approach in cases of spondylodiscitis. (orig.)

  3. Dual pathway clearance of /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA from the bronchial mucosa

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Many studies have reported clearance rates of 99mTc-DTPA from the alveolar epithelial surface, but few have measured clearance of this solute from the bronchial mucosa. Those that have attempted such measurements have discounted the possibility that 99mTc-DTPA may be removed from the bronchial airways by mucocilliary transport as well as by absorption through the epithelium. This study was designed to better approximate the rate of 99mTc-DTPA absorption across the bronchial epithelium by correcting the measurements of total 99mTc-DTPA clearance for mucus transport. On two separate study days, each normal, nonsmoking subject (n = 8) breathed an aqueous aerosol (2.0 microns MMAD, sigma g = 2.0) containing 99mTc bound to DTPA or human serum ablumin (HSA) (a relatively nonpermeable solute that is cleared only by mucus transport over the period of measured clearance) while seated in front of a gamma camera. Breathing pattern was standardized to produce a similar central deposition of particles on both study days. From measurements of retention versus time over a 1-h period, exponential rate constants (Ktot and Km) were determined for the clearance of 99mTc-DTPA and 99mTc-HSA, respectively. By modeling the airways as a single compartment with two possible routes of clearance, we determined the permeability rate constant, Kp, as Ktot minus Km. Results showed that mucus clearance (Km) accounted for two thirds of the total rate of 99mTc-DTPA clearance (Ktot) (mean Ktot = 0.00985, Km = 0.00698, and Kp = 0.00287/min)

  4. Characteristics of radiopharmaceutical delivered from 99mTc-DTPA in the technegas generator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    99mTc-DTPA aerosol permeates the alveolar membrane by an intercellular pathway. Measurement of the clearance rate of 99mTc-DTPA aerosol is useful for assessing injury of the lung epithelium. Pertechnegas (P-gas) is also used to assess epithelial permeability, but its clearance is too rapid to evaluate lung epithelial permeability. The aims of this study were first to generate 99mTc-DTPA fine aerosol (D-gas), second to characterize D-gas by radiochromatography and an in vivo study in the rat, and third to investigate the clinical significance of D-gas in comparison with 99mTc-DTPA aerosol and P-gas. We generated D-gas in a chamber with an atmosphere of 3% oxygen and 97% argon inside the Technegas Generator. The clearance half-time of D-gas was 19.8±4.0 min in eight normal non-smoker subjects, 12.0±2.8 min in four smoker subjects, and 31±11.2 min in three with idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (IIP). In radiochromatography, the development of D-gas was the same as that of P-gas and different from that of 99mTc-DTPA solution. In the in vivo study using a rat, the distribution of intravenously injected D-gas solution was the same as that of 99mTcO4-, but different from that of 99mTc-DTPA solution. These results suggest that 99mTc-DTPA separates to free 99mTcO4- in the chamber of the Technegas Generator and that D-gas behaves in the same manner as P-gas. In conclusion, D-gas has no clinical significance for the assessment of epithelial permeability. (author)

  5. Pre-targeted tumor imaging with avidin-McAb and 99Tcm-DTPA-Biotin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: Biotin-avidin is used as pre-targeting system (BAS) in radioimmunoimaging in order to decrease radiation background and dose associated with the use of directly labelled McAb. The authors tried to use 99Tcm to substitute 111In to label DTPA-biotin to evaluate the value of the 99Tcm-DTPA-biotin in BAS. Methods: DTPA-biotin solution was mixed with SnCl2 and then fresh eluted 99Tcm. The solution incubated for 10 min at room temperature. Mice bearing lung tumor (LA-795) with and without metastases in lung underwent 3-step pre-targeting test. Briefly, biotin-C50 was injected first, then avidin and 99Tcm-DTPA-biotin was respectively given 1 day, 2 days later. Directly labelled C50 with 99Tcm was used as control agent. Results: The labelling yield of 99Tcm-DTPA-biotin was over 90%. The amount of SnCl2 was the key feature in labelling. The tumor could be seen at 2 h after injection of 99Tcm-DTPA-biotin with γ camera in 3- step groups. The tracer uptake in tumor was (1.35 +- 0.45)% ID/g at 2 h after injection, Tumor/Blood (T/B) was 5.86, T/Muscle (T/M) was 8.43. In control group which received 99Tcm-DTPA-biotin only, the T/B was 0.85, T/M 1.1. For the directly labelled C50, the T/B was 1.65, T/M was 2.0 at 8 h after injection. Conclusion: Avidin-biotin pre-targeting system can be labelled with 99Tcm, and the BAS can image the tumor as early as 2 h after injection

  6. Clearance of aerosolized Tc-99m DTPA from normal vs. acutely smoke-injured dog lungs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Acute cigarette smoke exposure is known to reversibly increase the clearance rate of aerosolized DTPA from human lungs. The authors studied DTPA clearance after acute severe plywood smoke exposure, on the order of that experienced by burn victims, since current diagnostic methods (Xe-133 and radiographs) for major inhalation injury are insensitive and/or non-specific. Smoke generated from burning plywood sawdust and kerosene was delivered via endotracheal tube at 370C. Skin burns were not inflicted (so the pulmonary consequences of thermal injury were not factors). Chest radiographs and Xe-133 studies were obtained before and after smoke injury but before DTPA aerosol delivery. Six normal and 7 smoke-exposed anesthetized mongrel dogs were studied with 3 mCi of Tc-99m DTPA delivered by aerosol for 5 minutes. Pulmonary Tc-99m DTPA activity was quantitated by computer. Data were acquired over the lungs at 1 frame per 10 secs. for 16 minutes, and the t/sub 1/2/ of DTPA washout from the lungs was calculated. The mean t/sub 1/2/ of 6 normal dogs was 36.52 min. (S.D. 17.73), while the t/sub 1/2/ of 7 smoke-injured dogs was 6.08 min. (S.D. 1.99). The longest t/sub 1/2/ of an injured lung (9.68 min.) was slightly more than half of the shortest t/sub 1/2/ of a normal lung (15.36 min). Thus, acutely smoke-injured dog lungs clear Tc-99m DTPA much faster than normal lungs, consistent with an increase in lung epithelial permeability. This technique may be promising clinically, since early diagnosis of inhalation injury is important for optimal therapy

  7. Efficient in vitro labeling rabbit neural stem cell with paramagnetic Gd-DTPA and fluorescent substance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shen Jun, E-mail: junshenjun@hotmail.co [Department of Radiology, Second Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, 107 Yanjiang Road West, Guangzhou 510120, Guangdong (China); Cheng Lina; Zhong Xiaomei; Duan Xiaohui; Guo Ruomi; Hong Guobing [Department of Radiology, Second Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, 107 Yanjiang Road West, Guangzhou 510120, Guangdong (China)

    2010-09-15

    Objectives: The aim of this study is to label rabbit neural stem cells (NSCs) by using standard contrast agents (Gd-DTPA) in combination with PKH26 and in vitro track them with MR imaging. Materials and methods: NSCs from prenatal brains of rabbits were cultured and propagated. Intracellular uptake of Gd-DTPA was achieved by using a non-liposomal lipid transfection reagent (Effectene) as the transfection agent. After labeling with Gd-DTPA, cells were incubated with cellular membrane fluorescent dye PKH26. The labeling effectiveness and the longevity of Gd-DTPA maintenance were measured on a 1.5 T MR scanner. The influence of labeling on the cellular biological behaviors was assessed by cellular viability, proliferation and differentiation assessment. Results: The labeling efficiency of Gd-DTPA was up to 90%. The signal intensity on T1-weighted imaging and T1 values of labeled cells were significantly higher than those of unlabeled cells (P < 0.05). The minimal number of detectable cells for T1-weighted imaging was 5 x 10{sup 3}. Cellular uptake of Gd-DTPA was maintained until 15 days after initially labeling. There was no significant difference in the cellular viability and proliferation between the labeled and unlabeled NSCs (P > 0.05). Normal glial and neuronal differentiation remained in labeled NSCs like unlabeled NSCs. Conclusion: Highly efficient labeling NSCs with Gd-DTPA could be achieved by using Effectene. This method of labeling NSCs allows for tracking cells with MR imaging, and without alterations of cellular biological behaviors.

  8. Bile duct evaluation of potential living liver donors with Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MR cholangiography: Single-dose, double dose or half-dose contrast enhanced imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Introduction: Detailed knowledge of the biliary anatomy is essential to avoid complications in living donor liver transplantation. The aim of this study was to determine the optimal dosage of Gd-EOB-DTPA for contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance cholangiography (ce-MRC) with reference to contrast-enhanced CT cholangiography (ce-CTC). Materials and methods: 30 potential living liver donors (PLLD) underwent both ce-CTC and ce-MRC. Ten candidates each received single, double or half-dose Gd-EOB-DTPA. Ce-MRC images with and without inversion recovery pulses (T1w ± IR) were acquired 20–30 min after intravenous contrast injection. Image data was quantitatively and qualitatively reviewed by two radiologists based on a on a 5-point scale. Data sets were compared using a Mann–Whitney-U-test or Wilcoxon-rank-sum-test. Kappa values were also calculated. Results: All image series provided sufficient diagnostic information both showing normal biliary anatomy and variant bile ducts. Ce-CTC showed statistically significant better results compared to all ce-MRC data sets. T1w MRC with single dose Gd-EOB-DTPA proved to be superior to half and double dose in subjective and objective evaluation without a statistically significant difference. Conclusions: Ce-MRC is at any dosage inferior to ce-CTC. As far as preoperative planning of bile duct surgery is focused on the central biliary anatomy, ce-MRC can replace harmful ce-CTC strategies, anyway. Best results were seen with single dose GD-EOB-DTPA on T1w MRC+IR

  9. Bile duct evaluation of potential living liver donors with Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MR cholangiography: Single-dose, double dose or half-dose contrast enhanced imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kinner, Sonja, E-mail: Sonja.Kinner@uni-due.de [Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Hospital Essen (Germany); Steinweg, Verena [Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Hospital Essen (Germany); Maderwald, Stefan [Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Hospital Essen (Germany); Erwin L. Hahn Institute for Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Essen (Germany); Radtke, Arnold; Sotiropoulos, Georgios [Department of General Surgery, University Hospital Essen (Germany); Forsting, Michael; Schroeder, Tobias [Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Hospital Essen (Germany)

    2014-05-15

    Introduction: Detailed knowledge of the biliary anatomy is essential to avoid complications in living donor liver transplantation. The aim of this study was to determine the optimal dosage of Gd-EOB-DTPA for contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance cholangiography (ce-MRC) with reference to contrast-enhanced CT cholangiography (ce-CTC). Materials and methods: 30 potential living liver donors (PLLD) underwent both ce-CTC and ce-MRC. Ten candidates each received single, double or half-dose Gd-EOB-DTPA. Ce-MRC images with and without inversion recovery pulses (T1w ± IR) were acquired 20–30 min after intravenous contrast injection. Image data was quantitatively and qualitatively reviewed by two radiologists based on a on a 5-point scale. Data sets were compared using a Mann–Whitney-U-test or Wilcoxon-rank-sum-test. Kappa values were also calculated. Results: All image series provided sufficient diagnostic information both showing normal biliary anatomy and variant bile ducts. Ce-CTC showed statistically significant better results compared to all ce-MRC data sets. T1w MRC with single dose Gd-EOB-DTPA proved to be superior to half and double dose in subjective and objective evaluation without a statistically significant difference. Conclusions: Ce-MRC is at any dosage inferior to ce-CTC. As far as preoperative planning of bile duct surgery is focused on the central biliary anatomy, ce-MRC can replace harmful ce-CTC strategies, anyway. Best results were seen with single dose GD-EOB-DTPA on T1w MRC+IR.

  10. Electrodynamic Analysis of Dissipative Electromagnetic Materials Based on Fractional Derivative

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TAN Kang-Bo; LIANG Chang-Hong; DANG Xiao-Jie

    2007-01-01

    The generalized Lagrangian is defined in a dissipative electromagnetic medium on the basis of the combination of dynamical analysis and fractional derivative.Lorentz medium models are obtained by formulating relevant EulerLagrange equations.The invariance is obtained subsequently by investigating the invariance of time variation in the system,and then the relation between the related Hamiltonian and electromagnetic energy density is investigated.Canonical equations are obtained eventually.The electrodynamic interpretation on dissipative electromagnetic systems is revesled.

  11. Decorporation approach following rat lung contamination with a moderately soluble compound of plutonium using local and systemic Ca-DTPA combined chelation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Decorporation efficacy of prompt pulmonary delivery of DTPA dry powder was assessed following lung contamination with plutonium nitrate and compared to an intravenous injection of DTPA solution and a combined administration of both DTPA compounds. In addition, efficacy of a delayed treatment was assessed. In case of either early or late administration, insufflated DTPA was more efficient than intravenously injected DTPA in reducing the plutonium lung burden due to its high local concentration. Prompt treatment with DTPA powder was also more effective in limiting extrapulmonary deposits by removing the early transportable fraction of plutonium from lungs prior its absorption into blood. Translocation of DTPA from lungs to blood may also contribute to the decrease in extrapulmonary retention, as shown by reduced liver deposit after delayed pulmonary administration of DTPA. Efficacy of DTPA dry powder was further increased by the combined intravenous administration of DTPA solution for reducing extrapulmonary deposits of plutonium and promoting its urinary excretion. According to our results, the most effective treatment protocol for plutonium decorporation was the early pulmonary delivery of DTPA powder supplemented by an intravenous injection of DTPA solution. Following inhalation of plutonium as nitrate chemical form, this combined chelation therapy should provide a more effective method of treatment than conventional intravenous injection alone. At later stages following lung contamination, pulmonary administration of DTPA should also be considered as the treatment of choice for decreasing the lung burden. (authors)

  12. Sidestream smoke inhalation decreases respiratory clearance of 99mTc-DTPA acutely

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The permeability of the alveolar-capillary barrier to an inhaled aerosol of technetium 99m labelled diethylenetriamine penta-acetate (99mTc-DTPA is used as an index of alveolar epithelial injury. Permeability is greatly increased in active smokers. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of sidestream smoke inhalation on permeability as this has not been described previously. Lung clearance of inhaled 99mTc-DTPA aerosol was measured in 20 normal non-smoking subjects before and after exposure to one hours sidestream smoke inhalation. Measured carbon monoxide (CO) levels rose to a maximum of 23.5 ±6.2 ppm from baseline values of 0.6±1.3 (p99mTc-DTPA clearance rose from baseline 69.1± 15.6 (mean ± to 77.4 ±17.8) after smoke exposure. No effect of 99mTc-DTPA scanning of sidestream smoke was demonstrated on lung function. It was concluded that low level sidestream smoke inhalation decreases 99mTc-DTPA clearance acutely in humans. The mechanism of this unexpected result is not established but may include differences in constituents between sidestream and mainstream smoke, alterations in pulmonary microvascular blood flow, or changes in surfactant due to an acute phase irritant response. 34 refs., 2 figs

  13. Correlation of DTPA renogram with urinary jet index for evaluation of differential renal function

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    DTPA Renogram by Gamma Camera is an established procedure for evaluation of differential renal function. Urinary Jet Index is a newly developed technique done by Color Doppler Ultrasound which can also evaluate individual renal function. The present study was done to correlate the new ultrasonographic technique with the DTPA study. 36 subjects, 24 patients with different renal problems and 12 healthy volunteers were included in the study. Renogram was performed with Tc-99m DTPA. Urinary Jet Index was calculated by counting the number of urinary jets from each side as shown in the bladder and was done by a Toshiba Color Doppler Ultrasound Scanner. In DTPA Renogram relative renal function was calculated with reference to right kidney and that was the 'scintigraphic index'. Values for right scintigraphic and right ureteric jet index was then compared. Statistical analysis by correlation coefficient 'r' was done.Mean right scintigraphic index was 50.67 and mean right ureteric jet index was 51.92. Correlation Coefficient 'r' was 0.79 (p value <0.001) which is highly significant. Evaluation of ureteric jet index is a very simple test and can be performed in any department equipped with Color Doppler Ultrasonogram. Though scintigraphic index is considered as gold standard but ureteric jet index is also found well correlated with DTPA Renogram. This is a very preliminary report of an ongoing study in our institute. The initial experience of the study is reported. (authors)

  14. Study On The Preparation Of 90Y-DTPA-Rituximab For Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yttrium is one of the most useful radionuclides for radioimmunotherapeutic applications, especially labelling with monoclonal antibodies. Rituximab was bound to the DTPA chelating agent using Hnatowich methods. Cyclic anhydride DTPA (cDTPAa, 0.1 mg/ml) was dissolved in chloroform and was degassed under a stream of nitrogen for 30 minutes. Rituximab solution in 0.05 M bicarbonate buffer was immediately added and mixed for one minute at room temperature. The antibody Rituximab at different concentration (5 mg/ml and 10 mg/ml) was coupled with the cDTPAa, at molar ratios (cDTPAa : Rituximab) of 1:1, 3:1, 5:1, 10:1 and 20:1. The conjugation of DTPA-Rituximab mixture was labelled with Y-90, then using Sephadex G25 in order to determine coupling efficiency. Coupling efficiency at a 3:1 mole ratio was 70%. After purification, the conjugation DTPA-Rituximab was labeled with Y-90 in 0.5 M acetate buffer, pH 5, at room temperature. The labeling yield was about 99%. The radiochemical purity of 90Y-DTPA-Rituximab was more than 98 % which determined by ITLC in 0.1 M acetate at pH 6 as mobile phase. The radiopharmaceuticals have been test for sterility, apyrogenicity and biodistribution. This is a potential radiopharmaceutical for clinical application in therapeutic Non Hodgkin Lymphoma treatments. (author)

  15. Transplant renography: 99m-Tc-DTPA versus 99m-Tc-MAG3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    99mTc-MAG3 (mercaptoacetyltriglycine) has been proposed as a replacement for both 131I-hippuran and 99mTc-DTPA on clinical grounds. We undertook a prospective preliminary study to ascertain whether 99mTc-MAG3 works better than 99mTc-DTPA in the follow up of renal transplant recipients. Seventeen patients (21 renograms each MAG3 and DTPA) were studied, together, with a reference group of 10 patients in whom MAG3 and Hippuran clearance rates were determined simultaneously. As expected, 99mTc-MAG3 analog images were excellent and 99mTcMAG3 clearance correlated very well with 131I-hippuran clearance (r=0.978). MAG3 values were 60% of hippuran values. However, when the corresponding renographic and perfusion findings were faced with different diagnostic challenges, such as post transplant renal failure and rejection, 99mTc MAG3 did not differ from 99mTc-DTPA in a significant way. 99mTc-DTPA was superior to 99mTc-MAG3 in one case of rejection. (orig.)

  16. Orally administered DTPA penta-ethyl ester for the decorporation of inhaled (241)Am.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sueda, Katsuhiko; Sadgrove, Matthew P; Huckle, James E; Leed, Marina G D; Weber, Waylon M; Doyle-Eisele, Melanie; Guilmette, Raymond A; Jay, Michael

    2014-05-01

    Diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) is an effective decorporation agent to facilitate the elimination of radionuclides from the body, but its permeability-limited oral bioavailability limits its utility in mass-casualty emergencies. To overcome this limitation, a prodrug strategy using the penta-ethyl ester form of DTPA is under investigation. Pharmacokinetic and biodistribution studies were conducted in rats by orally administering [(14) C]DTPA penta-ethyl ester, and this prodrug and its hydrolysis products were analyzed as a single entity. Compared with a previous reporting of intravenously administered DTPA, the oral administration of this prodrug resulted in a sustained plasma concentration profile with higher plasma exposure and lower clearance. An assessment of the urine composition revealed that the bioactivation was extensive but incomplete, with no detectable levels of the penta- or tetra-ester forms. Tissue distribution at 12 h was limited, with approximately 73% of the administered dose being associated with the gastrointestinal tract. In the efficacy study, rats were exposed to aerosols of (241) Am nitrate before receiving a single oral treatment of the prodrug. The urinary excretion of (241) Am was found to be 19% higher than with the control. Consistent with prior reports of DTPA, the prodrug was most effective when the treatment delays were minimized. PMID:24619514

  17. Gd-DTPA-enhanced MR imaging for metastatic brain tumors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present series consists of 24 patients with brain metastasis smaller than 10 mm in diameter demonstrated on Gd-DTPA enhanced MR imaging (Gd-MRI). All patients underwent contrast-enhanced (CE) CT to be compared with Gd-MRI in size, number and detectability. The primary lesions of the series included 18 patients with lung cancer (9 with adenocarcinoma, 4 with small cell cancer, 3 with squamous cell cancer and 2 with large cell cancer), 4 with breast cancer, and each 1 with parotid cancer and renal cell carcinoma. All 24 patients except one who underwent surgery were treated with radiation therapy. In 13 patients examined by Gd-MRI and CE-CT both before and after the brain irradiation, therapeutic effect was estimated on each diagnostic imaging comparatively. In regard to size of brain metastases of 24 patients, 91 lesions smaller than 5 mm in diameter were detected by Gd-MRI but only 15 by CE-CT. Three of all patients, no brain metastasis was found on CE-CT. In 6 patients estimated as CR (complete remission) by CE-CT after brain irradiation, Gd-MRI evidenced tumor residues in 5 patients to alter the score of therapeutic effect as PR (partial remission). The difference in therapeutic effects confirmed by Gd-MRI was noted according to histological results and size of metastasis. The most radiosensitive tumor was small cell lung cancer, of which brain metastases smaller than 5 mm in diameter completely disappeared after 20∼50 Gy irradiation. Prophylactic whole brain irradiation has been an alternative indication for small cell lung cancer when CT showed no evidence of brain metastasis. However, our data strongly suggest that the small or tiny brain metastases negative on CE-CT will become new subjects of 'radical' radiotherapy. The higher sensitivity of Gd-MRI for detecting brain metastasis may propose new clinical prospects in staging, planning of therapy and estimation of therapeutic effect. (author)

  18. Interaction of Gd-DTPA with phosphate and phosphite: toward the reaction intermediate in nephrogenic systemic fibrosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Song; George, Simon J; Zhou, Zhao-Hui

    2016-03-15

    Direct reactions of the MRI contrast agent K2[Gd(DTPA)(H2O)]·5H2O () (H5DTPA = diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid) with dipotassium hydrogen phosphate (K2HPO4) or phosphite (K2HPO3) result in the isolation of well-defined Gd-DTPA phosphite K6[Gd2(DTPA)2(HPO3)]·7H2O () or phosphate K6[Gd2(DTPA)2(HPO4)]·10H2O (), respectively. Their lanthanum analogs K4[La2(DTPA)2(H2O)]·8H2O (), K6[La2(DTPA)2(HPO3)]·7H2O () and K6[La2(DTPA)2(HPO4)]·10H2O () are used for comparison. The phosphate and phosphite groups are able to substitute the coordinated water molecules in and in a close physiological aqueous solution, and act as bridging ligands to link adjacent Ln(DTPA)(2-) (Ln = Gd and La) into dimeric structures. Solid state and solution (13)C NMR spectra of dimer show complete dissociation into its monomeric species in solution, while no dissociation is observed for lanthanum phosphite and phosphate in solution, which show only one set of (13)C spectra with the largest downfield shifts at 182.0 and 182.3 ppm respectively. Comparisons of the bond distances and spectral data indicate that the interaction between DTPA and central Ln(3+) cations are weakened after the substitutions, which support phosphate substituted Gd-DTPA as an initial intermediate in nephrogenic systemic fibrosis. PMID:26906409

  19. Lung function declines in patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis and increased respiratory epithelial permeability to 99mTc-DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Respiratory epithelial clearance of 99mTc-DTPA (RC-Tc-DTPA) and pulmonary function tests (PFT) were determined at intervals of 6 or 12 months in 37 untreated, nonsmoking patients with sarcoidosis over a period of 6 to 36 months. PFT included the measurements of total lung capacity (TLC), vital capacity (VC), FEV1, and diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide. No difference was found between the respiratory clearance of 113mIn-DTPA (2.25 +/- 1.00%/min) and RC-Tc-DTPA (2.29 +/- 1.11%/min) in eight patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis. Pulmonary function decreased 15% or more in at least 2 function tests during 11 follow-up periods, but it remained stable during 47 follow-up periods. In patients whose lung function deteriorated, RC-Tc-DTPA increased to 3.51 +/- 1.55%/min; in contrast, in patients whose lung function remained stable, regardless of the initial values, RC-Tc-DTPA was normal (1.00 +/- 0.50%/min; p less than 0.001). In eight patients who were treated with corticosteroids, RC-Tc-DTPA decreased from 3.48 +/- 1.31%/min to 1.56 +/- 0.64%/min (p less than 0.001), and PFT improved. We conclude that in nonsmokers with pulmonary sarcoidosis, increased RC-Tc-DTPA is not related to dissociation of 99mTc from DTPA, RC-Tc-DTPA is increased when pulmonary function decreases, and, when increased, RC-Tc-DTPA decreases with corticosteroid therapy

  20. The discrete variational derivative method based on discrete differential forms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaguchi, Takaharu; Matsuo, Takayasu; Sugihara, Masaaki

    2012-05-01

    As is well known, for PDEs that enjoy a conservation or dissipation property, numerical schemes that inherit this property are often advantageous in that the schemes are fairly stable and give qualitatively better numerical solutions in practice. Lately, Furihata and Matsuo have developed the so-called “discrete variational derivative method” that automatically constructs energy preserving or dissipative finite difference schemes. Although this method was originally developed on uniform meshes, the use of non-uniform meshes is of importance for multi-dimensional problems. On the other hand, the theories of discrete differential forms have received much attention recently. These theories provide a discrete analogue of the vector calculus on general meshes. In this paper, we show that the discrete variational derivative method and the discrete differential forms by Bochev and Hyman can be combined. Applications to the Cahn-Hilliard equation and the Klein-Gordon equation on triangular meshes are provided as demonstrations. We also show that the schemes for these equations are H1-stable under some assumptions. In particular, one for the nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation is obtained by combination of the energy conservation property and the discrete Poincaré inequality, which are the temporal and spacial structures that are preserved by the above methods.

  1. On utility-based derivative pricing with and without intermediate trades

    OpenAIRE

    Kallsen Jan; Kühn Christoph

    2006-01-01

    The neutral valuation approach for contingent claims in incomplete markets is based on the assumption that investors are identical utility maximizers and that derivative supply and demand are balanced. It is closely related to (marginal) utility-based pricing in the sense of Hugonnier et al. (2005), where however only buy-and-hold investments in the derivative are possible.

  2. Chemical stability of 99mTc–DTPA under aerobic and microbially mediated Fe(III)-reducing conditions in porous media

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    99mTc–DTPA has been used as a conservative tracer to quantify water transport through porous media. However, more information on the reactivity of this 99mTc compound under varying geochemical conditions is desirable to better understand its potential uses. We measured the speciation of Tc following amendment of 99mTc–DTPA to batch systems spanning a range of controlled biogeochemical conditions. Our results suggest that 99mTc–DTPA is stable under the reducing conditions tested. However, freshly precipitated Al–ferrihydrite may displace Tc(IV) from DTPA in the absence of Fe(III)-reducing conditions. - Highlights: • 99mTc–DTPA has been used to quantify water transport through porous media • 99mTc–DTPA does not always behave conservatively • Iron mineral surfaces can sometimes competitively bind DTPA • Reactivity of 99mTc–DTPA should be evaluated according to factors discussed

  3. Early detection of amphotericin B induced nephrotoxicity by 99mTc-DTPA: a useful test

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Amphotericin B (AMB) with a broad spectrum of antifungal activity is used for the treatment of life-threatening mycoses, especially in immunocompromised patients. Since measurements of the blood level of AMB and of creatinine do not provide early warning of AMB induced renal toxicity, we studied the effects of AMB on biodistribution of a glomerular agent, 99mTc-DTPA. In Swiss mice, the toxicity of AMB was studied at single intravenous doses of 0.5-3.5 mg/kg body weight. Dose dependent effects consisted of decreased blood clearance and urinary excretion. Recovery of function was shown in dose ranges corresponding to high level clinical schedules. Serum creatinine changes lagged behind the99m Tc-DTPA alterations. This suggests that AMB toxicity might be monitored by blood/urinary clearance of 99mTc-DTPA

  4. The combined 169Yb-DTPA/mannitol intestinal absorption test in small intestine enteropathies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The value of the combined D-mannitol 169Yb-DTPA test for intestinal absorption was checked in patients with different damages of the small bowel (dysbiosis, gluten sensitive enteropathia, Crohn's disease), with colitis ulcerosa and in a group of controls. (Prospective study with a total of 106 patients). The ratio of recovery of D-mannitol 169Yb-DTPA showed better results in comparison to usual resorption tests (D-xylose, lactose, Schilling's test). A positive classification in all groups of intestinal diseases was possible. The lower limit for D-mannitol recovery was 13.5% of applicated dose and 1.1% for the urinary recovery rate of 169Yb-DTPA. (author)

  5. Mass effect and Pu removal from rats with Ca- or Zn-DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eight percent of an intramuscular injection of 27.6 nCi of 237Pu(NO3)4 was retained by rats at the injection site, after 22 days. More than 30% is usually retained following injection of more massive quantities of 239Pu. Treatment with Ca- or Zn-DTPA showed the former to be more effective when treatments were initiated 1 hr after Pu administration. When treatments were begun 7 days after the Pu injection, 416 nmol Ca-DTPA/kg was more effective in removing Pu than 28.7 nmol/kg (human dose level) of Zn- or Ca-DTPA. Due to its high specific activity and ease of detection, 237Pu permits facile experimentation in small animals at Pu mass levels comparable to those encountered in most human exposures

  6. Lutetium-177 complexation of DOTA and DTPA in the presence of competing metals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As part of basic studies on bifunctional chelating agents for 177Lu-labeled antibodies, 177Lu complexation of 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecan-N,N',N',N'''-tetraacetic acid (DOTA) and diethylenetriamine-N,N,N',N',N'-pentaacetic acid (DTPA) was investigated in the presence of competing metals, including Ca(II), Fe(II), and Zn(II). It was found that DTPA is a better 177Lu complexation agent than DOTA in the presence of Ca(II), Fe(II), and Zn(II). Moreover, the elimination of Fe from the 177Lu solution proved especially effective because the DTPA complexation of 177Lu was highly inhibited by Fe(II). (author)

  7. Animal experiment of 111In-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The animal experiments of a novel somatostatin receptor-positive tumors imaging agent, 111In-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide, has been described. Biological properties were evaluated by dynamic and static γ images of somatostatin receptor-positive tumors in nude mice bearing pancreatic carcinoma. The radiocomponent of 111In-DTPA, which came from 111In-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide decomposition, showed 50% of radioactivity in blood and 40% in urine at 3h postinjection. Rapid blood and urine clearance, and high T/B ratio (7.92 up to 24 h postinjection) were observed. The images of somatostatin receptor-positive tumors could be obtained during 0.5-24 h after administration but the best one would be at 24 h

  8. Biodistribution evaluation of 166Ho-DTPA-SPION in normal rats

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Super paramagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) with a cross-linked dextran coating can be used as a negative contrast agent in magnetic resonance imaging agent. This study describes the preparation, biodistribution of 166Ho-DTPA-SPIONs after intravenous injection in normal Wistar rats. The biodistribution of 166Ho-DTPA-SPIONs showed dramatic uptake in reticuloendothelial system (i.e., more than 60 and 15 % of injected dose was in liver and spleen at 30 min post-injection, respectively) and the clearance of the radiotracer is so fast in other organs. These results suggest that 166Ho-DTPA-SPIONs could be good candidate for theranostic purposes in for liver and spleen malignancies. (author)

  9. Reverse lung clearance of Tc-99m DTPA induced by postural changes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The lung clearance of Tc 99m DTPA is generally attributed to the degree of distension of the interepithelial junctions and thus of the alveoli. To assess this hypothesis a submicronic aerosol of Tc 99m DTPA (0.5 μ mass median diameter) was inhaled by eight non smoking volunteers placed in left lateral decubitus (LLD) where the alveoli of the left lung are compressed and those of the right lung expanded. The lung radioactivity was followed with a gamma camera 15 minutes in LLD, then 15 minutes in right lateral decubitus (RLD) to reverse the relative distension of the alveoli. Regional clearances were computed on each lung divided in three horizontal slices. These results suggest that alveolar distension has a major role in the DTPA clearance which is relatively independent of the initial deposition of the aerosol

  10. Antioxidant activity of N-acetyl-glucosamine based thiazolidine derivative

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Chunlei; Yang Yan; Han Baoqin; Liu Wanshun

    2007-01-01

    N-acetyl-glucosamine,the monomer of chitin,was cyclo-condensed with L-cysteine to prepare thiazolidine derivative:2-N-acetyl-glucosamine-thiazolidine-4(R)-carboxylic acid(GlcNAcCys).The stability of GlcNAcCys was evaluated by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC)measurement.The results showed that GlcNAcCys Was more stable than other TCA derivatives,especially in alkaline condition.The direct in vitro antioxidative properties of GlcNAcCys were investigated by using UV radiation-induced lipid peroxidation(LPO)in mitochondria and nuclei and.OH-induced LPO in red blood cell (RBC)ghosts models.UV radiation caused dose-dependent LPO in both mitochondria and nuclei,this effect Was catalvzed by addition of Fd2+ while prevented by co-incubation with GlcNAcCys.When nuclei and mitochondria Was treated with 100μl,300μl,500μl of GlcNAcCys and co-incubated at 37℃ for 30min,LPO was decreased to 96%,72%,68%in nuclei and 95%,72%,68% in mitochondria when compared to the UV radiation group respectively.Hydroxyl radicals(.OH)generated by Fenton reaction induced LPO in RBC ghosts.Pretreatment of RBC ghosts with GlcNAcCys could induce antioxidant RBC ghosts and inhibit concentration-dependent malondialdehyde(MDA)formation in antioxidant RBC ghosts.Its inhibition percent Was 14%,35%,36%,42%at 10,20,30,40ms/ml respectively.In a conclusion,the data suggest that GlcNAcCys has antioxidant ability and can significantly inhibit lipid peroxidation in biological samples tested in vitro.

  11. The preparation of instant lyophilized kit of 99mTc-DTPA-LSA for hepatic receptor imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lyophilized kit of DTPA-LSA was developed for instant preparing of 99mTc-DTPA-LSA for hepatic imaging. Technetium labeling yields in excess of 93% evaluated by ITCL and radio-HPLC. In vivo biodistribution showed that 99mTc-DTPA-LSA had high initial liver uptake with good retention. The liver accumulated 96%ID/g at 5 min after injection. The hepatic uptake of 99mTc-DTPA-LSA was blocked by preinjecting free NGA as blocking agent. The liver accumulated reduced to 23%ID/g at 5 min p.i after blocking. The result indicates that 99mTc-DTPA-LSA has specific binding to ASGP receptor. The biodistribution of 99mTc-DTPA-LSA in mice was similar to that of 99mTc-GSA. The DTPA-LSA kit is reliable and instant, and easy to preparation compared with the commonly used GSA kit. DTPA-LSA kit is suitable for large-scale production and might become a substitute product for GSA kit. (authors)

  12. Embryotoxicity of the calcium and zinc salts of diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) in Wistar rats

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sikov, M.R.; Smith, V.H.; Mahlum, D.D.

    1975-01-01

    Injection of Ca-DTPA, used for removal of most internally deposited radioactive actinide and lanthanide elements, increases Zn excretion. Since zinc deficiency is teratogenic, such treatments might be expected to affect prenatal development. Daily intraperitoneal injections of Ca- or Zn-DTPA were given to rats on days 8 through 12 of gestation at dose lvels ranging from 1 to 64 times the usual intravenous dose to humans (1HD-64HD, HD = 28.7 ..mu..mol/kg). Upon examination after 20 days of gestation, it was found that 8HD Ca-DTPA was not lethal but 16HD produced 80% prenatal mortality, with most deaths occurring at about 9--10 days of gestation, and decreased the weight of the survivors. Even 64HD Zn-DTPA had no effect on mortality or weight. A few major malformations were found with both salts but were not clearly attributable to a specific treatment. The incidence of hydronephrosis and renal honeycombing, however, were markedly increased by exposure to higher doses of both the Zn and Ca salts. Administration of either salt resulted in a darkening of many viscera, including the kidney, liver and heart; histologically, this was found to be produced by a granular golden pigment. Taken together, these results indicate that while both the Zn and Ca salts of DTPA have some embryotoxic actions, only the Ca salt was embryocidal. By analogy with the studies of Swenerton and Hurley (Science 173: 62, 197) with the homolog, EDTA, it is speculated that the embryocidal effect of Ca-DTPA is attributable to a Zn deficiency.

  13. Production of 186Re and 188Re, and synthesis of 188Re-DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Production of radioactive rhenium isotopes 186Re and 188Re, and synthesis of 188Re-DTPA have been studied. For 186Re, a production method by the 185Re(n, γ) 186Re reaction in a reactor has been established. For 188Re, a production method by the double neuron capture reaction of 186W, which produces a 188W/188Re generator, has been established. For synthesis of 188Re-DTPA, the optimum conditions, including pH, the amounts of regents and so on, have been determined. (author)

  14. Gallium-67 citrate an alternative radiopharmaceutical to111In DTPA for colonic transit studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Indium DTPA is the current radiopharmaceutical of choice for the evaluation of colonic transit in constipated patients. Its drawback encouraged the authors to look for an alternative tracer. It was found that gallium-67 citrate is versatile starting material for the preparation of many gallium complexes. Because of its lack of absorption from the gastro-intestinal tract, it has the following advantages over indium DTPA as a radioactive colonic transit marker: it is readily available, and being less than $1/MBq compared to $40/MBq, savings of up to $700 can be achieved per patient study. 5 refs., 2 tabs., 7 figs

  15. Significance of renal scintigraphy with 99mTc-DTPA for the diagnosis of diabetic nephropathy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    99mTc-DTPA renography was performed in 64 cases of type II diabetes mellitus and 20 control subjects. The value of GFR in the controls was 113 +-11.7 ml/min. The value of GFR in 15 of 43 patients with negative proteinuria was more than 140 ml/min, but GFR in the 21 diabetes with positive proteinuria was 76 +- 32.9 ml/min. These data indicated that 99mTc-DTPA renography is an accurate and sensitive method for evaluation of hyperfiltration in early diabetes mellitus

  16. Preparation of 67Ga-DTPA-Fibrinogen and its biodistribution in Balb/C Mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gallium-67-DTPA-fibrinogen has been prepared and its biodistribution in Balb/C mice has been studied. The labelling yield is of the order of 60-85%. The clottable protein is about 61% at 24 hours and reduced to 47% at 48 hours. Biodistribution in Balb/C mice shows the expected pattern in different organs, with the highest specific activity in the kidneys followed by that in the liver. The blood clearance is somewhat rapid. The stability and biodistribution data indicate that radiolabelling can be successfully accomplished by using a chelating agent, and 67Ga-67-DTPA-fibrinogen can be a potential agent for the detection of thrombi

  17. Role of Gd-DTPA in the differentiation of posttreatment changes recurrent musculoskeletal sarcomas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper evaluates Gd-DTPA enhancement prospectively in 35 patients with treated musculoskeletal sarcomas (13 osteosarcomas, eight malignant fibrous histiocytomas, four synovial sarcomas). Thirteen patients with osteosarcoma received intraarterial chemotherapy 3 months to 2 years before surgery. Others received pre-and/or postoperative intravenous chemotherapy. Some also received external irradiation. Multiplanar images of the tumors were obtained on a 1.5-T Signa imager (General Electric) with a spin-echo technique. T1- and T2-weighted images were compared with enhanced T1-weighted images (intravenous Gd-DTPA, 0.1 mmol-kg)

  18. In vivo evaluation of carborane gadolinium-DTPA complex as an MR imaging boron carrier

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The evaluation of the Gd-carborane complex 2 as an MR imaging and boron carrier agent was carried out in vivo using tumor-bearing Donryu rats, MRI, ICP-AES, and α-autoradiography. The MR imaging revealed that the carborane Gd-DTPA 2 was metabolized slower in the body than Gd-DTPA 1. The results of the ICP-AES method indicated that compound 2 was incorporated into normal tissues and metabolized quickly, whereas it was not accumulated into tumor or brain tissue. The α-autoradiography showed that a high level of boron was obtained in the internal organs and in the necrosis of tumor tissue. (author)

  19. Spin-echo (SE) and stimulated-echo (STE) modes in combination with Gd-DTPA: MR image contrasts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In a comparative study, the authors examined MR imaging contrast appearances in normal and pathologic tissues. The patient examinations were performed using different spin-echo (SE) and stimulated-echo (STE) sequences before and after the intravenous application of Gd-DTPA (Phillips Gyroscan S 15; 1.5 T). Most patients had tumors of the musculoskeletal system. In comparing the results of examinations performed with and without Gd-DTPA, they found that both SE and STE sequences produced more detailed information about the tumorous lesion itself, and in particular about the surrounding structures and its alterations, if Gd-DTPA was injected. In addition, the combination of STE and Gd-DTPA could have greater diagnostic potential than the combination of SE/Gd-DTPA because of increased contrast

  20. Salicylic acid failed to increase the efficacy of Ca-DTPA in the decorporation of plutonium and americium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Male and female C57BL/Do mice were each given a single i.p. injection of 237+239Pu + 241Am as the citrate complex at 45 days of age. Twice weekly i.p. injecctions of either 500 μmol/kg Ca-DTPA or 500 μmol/kg Ca-DTPA, mixed just before injection with 2000 μmol/kg salicylic acid (SA), were begun 3 days after nuclide administration and continued for 5 weeks. Control mice were injected each time with isotonic saline. Nuclide retention was determined by in vivo counting using NaI(T1) spectrometry. At the end of treatment, total-body retention of Pu or Am in the mice given Ca-DTPA was significantly lower (P < 0.001) than in the control animals. Mice treated with Ca-DTPA + SA were statistically indistinguishable from mice treated with Ca-DTPA

  1. Salicylic acid failed to increase the efficacy of Ca-DTPA in the decorporation of plutonium and americium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Male and female C57BL/Do mice were each given a single ip injection of /sup 237 + 239/Pu + 241Am as the citrate complex at 45 days of age. Twice-weekly ip injections of either 500 μmole/kg Ca-DTPA or 500 μmole/kg Ca-DTPA mixed just before injection with 2000 μmole/kg salicylic acid (SA) were begun 3 days after nuclide administration and continued for 5 weeks. Control mice were injected each time with isotonic saline. Nuclide retention was determined by in vivo γ-ray counting using a NaI(Tl) crystal spectrometer. At the end of treatment, total-body retention of Pu or Am in the mice given Ca-DTPA was significantly lower (P < 0.001) than that in the control animals. Mice treated with Ca-DTPA plus SA were statistically indistinguishable from mice treated with Ca-DTPA alone

  2. A study on preparation of 166Ho-DTPA as liquid radiation source for brachytherapy of restenosis of coronary artery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    DTPA(Diethylene Triamine Pentaacetic Acid) was labelled with 166Ho to minimize the radiation damage of other organs in the worst case of balloon rupture. The labelling yield of 166Ho-DTPA, which was determined by instant thin layer chromatography at varying mole ratio, was 100 % when ratio of DTPA to 166Ho was 4 to 1 and stable at room temperature for 24 hours. Gamma camera imaging data of male rabbit suggested that 166Ho-DTPA was fast excreted via urinary system within 30 min after intravenous administration. Large scale production of high specific activity 166Ho is possible by research reactor HANARO, so it is easy to put to practical use. It is judged that the process of restenosis may be inhibited effectively if 166Ho-DTPA with excellent property of 166Ho radionuclide is filled within the balloon during the PTCA (Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty)

  3. Overview description of the base scenario derived from FEP analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report forms part of a suite of documents describing the Nirex model development programme. The programme is designed to provide a clear audit trail from the identification of significant features, events and processes (FEPs) to the models and modelling processes employed within a detailed performance assessment. A scenario approach to performance assessment has been adopted. It is proposed that potential evolutions of a deep geological radioactive waste repository can be represented by a base scenario and a number of variant scenarios. It is intended that assessment of the base scenario would form the core of any future performance assessment. The base scenario is chosen to be broad-ranging and to represent the natural evolution of the repository system and its surrounding environment. The base scenario is defined to include all those FEPs which are certain to occur and those which are judged likely to occur for a significant period of the assessment - timescale. Variant scenarios are defined by FEPs which represent a significant perturbation to the natural system evolution, for example the occurrence of a large seismic event. The structuring of FEPs on a Master Directed Diagram (MDD), provides a systematic framework for identifying those FEPs which form part of the natural evolution of the system and those which may define alternative potential evolutions of the repository system. In order to construct a description of the base scenario, FEPs have been grouped into a series of conceptual models. Conceptual models are groups of FEPs, identified from the MDD, representing a specific component or process within the disposal system. It has been found appropriate to define conceptual models in terms of the three main components of the disposal system: the repository engineered system, the surrounding geosphere and the biosphere. For each of these components, conceptual models provide a description of the relevant subsystem in terms of its initial characteristics

  4. Designing Site-Based Systems, Deriving a Theory of Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauer, Scott C.

    1998-01-01

    Reviews five dimensions (focus, scope, structure, process, and capacity) of an organizational design used by 20 New York districts planning for site-based management (SBM) implementation. The confusion surrounding devolution of decision making hinders districts' efforts to effect changes in intermediate variables (job satisfaction and staff…

  5. Pu and Am decorporation in beagles: effects of magnitude of initial Ca-DTPA injection upon chelation efficacy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To investigate the effects of magnitude of initial DTPA injection upon chelation efficacy, five young adult beagles were each given an intravenous injection of 237+239Pu(IV) citrate + 241Am(III) citrate, followed by a single intravenous injection of Ca-DTPA 0.5 hr later. Amounts of this chelating agent administered were 3, 10, 30, 100, and 300 μmole Ca-DTPA/kg body mass. Animals were sacrificed 7 days later. Total-body retention of both plutonium and americium was influenced strongly by the amount of DTPA administered, although the removal of Pu by DTPA was less pronounced than that of Am; and in the range of 30 μmole/kg, an increase of DTPA administration by a factor of 2 resulted in only a 25% decrease in residual body content. Plutonium retention at 7 days was reduced from about 77% in the dog given 3 μmole/kg to 14% in the animal injected with 300 μmole/kg. Corresponding values for americium were 40 and 9%. Also, liver content of both Pu and Am was reduced significantly by larger amounts of administered DTPA, decreasing from 18 to 2% for Pu with increasing levels of DTPA, and from 21 to 1% for Am. If there is a level of Ca-DTPA administration at 30 min after injection in a beagle at which no additional chelation of Pu or Am is produced with increasing dosage, it is greater than 300 μmole/kg. In a 70-kg human, this would be equivalent to the injection of 10 g Ca-DTPA

  6. Uptake of Gd-EOB-DTPA by hepatocellular carcinoma: Radiologic–pathologic correlation with special reference to bile production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to reveal the relationship between intratumoral uptake of gadoliniumethoxylbenzyldiethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the hepatobiliary phase and pathological features. Materials and methods: Sixty HCC nodules were confirmed at pathology in 56 patients who had undergone dynamic MRI. T1-weighted 3D gradient echo sequences before and 20 min (hepatobiliary phase) after the injection of Gd-EOB-DTPA were performed. Uptake of Gd-EOB-DTPA was defined as an increase in signal intensity in the hepatobiliary phase compared with the precontrast scan. All surgical specimens were fixed with formalin and then digitally photographed. The relationship between Gd-EOB-DTPA uptake and histological findings, including a macroscopic greenish area, was examined. Results: MR images showed uptake of Gd-EOB-DTPA in twenty-two nodules. Histological findings indicated twenty-six nodules contained a greenish area. There is a significant correlation between HCC showing Gd-EOB-DTPA uptake and the presence of a greenish area (p < 0.001). On a nodule-by-nodule basis, more than two-thirds of the area of Gd-EOB DTPA uptake coincides with the greenish part in only 12 of 22 lesions (54.5%). More than two-thirds of the greenish area coincided with that of Gd-EOB-DTPA uptake in only 10 of 26 cases (38.5%). Conclusion: The area of Gd-EOB-DTPA uptake does not always match the greenish part, but HCC with uptake of Gd-EOB-DTPA significantly correlated with green HCC.

  7. Biobased Epoxy Nanocomposites Derived from Lignin-Based Monomers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Shou; Abu-Omar, Mahdi M

    2015-07-13

    Biobased epoxy nanocomposites were synthesized based on 2-methoxy-4-propylphenol (dihydroeugenol, DHE), a molecule that has been obtained from the lignin component of biomass. To increase the content of hydroxyl groups, DHE was o-demethylated using aqueous HBr to yield propylcatechol (DHEO), which was subsequently glycidylated to epoxy monomer. Optimal conditions in terms of yield and epoxy equivalent weight were found to be 60 °C with equal NaOH/phenolic hydroxyl molar ratio. The structural evolution from DHE to cured epoxy was followed by (1)H NMR and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The nano-montmorillonite modified DHEO epoxy exhibited improved storage modulus and thermal stability as determined from dynamic mechanical analysis and thermogravimetric analysis. This study widens the synthesis routes of biobased epoxy thermosets from lignin-based molecules. PMID:26135389

  8. Benzothiazol-2-one derivatives as potential universal bases

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kóšiová, Ivana; Prokešová, M.; Koiš, P.; Rosenberg, Ivan

    Tapton Hall : University of Sheffield, 2007. s. 72. [NACON VII. International Meeting on Recognition Studies in Nucleic Acids /7./. 01.04.2007-05.04.2007, Tapton Hall] R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LC06077; GA MŠk LC512 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40550506 Keywords : universal base * nucleoside * benzothiazol-2-one Subject RIV: CC - Organic Chemistry

  9. Evaluation of Ferrocene Derivatives as Burn Rate Modifiers in AP/HTPB-Based Composite Propellants

    OpenAIRE

    G. M. Gore; K. R. Tipare; R. G. Bhatewara; U.S. Prasad; Manoj Gupta; S. K. Mane

    1999-01-01

    Some ferrocene derivatives like 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine derivative of acetyl ferrocene, 1-pyrrolidinylmethyl ferrocene, di-ter-butyl ferrocene and 1,3-diferrocenyl-l-butene (DFB) have been synthesised and characterised by infrared, nuclear magnetic resonance, ultraviolet, iron content, etc. To study the effect of their incorporation on performance, ammonium perchlorate/hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene-based composite propellants containing these derivatives have been prepared and studied ...

  10. Gd-Complexes of New Arylpiperazinyl Conjugates of DTPA-Bis(amides: Synthesis, Characterization and Magnetic Relaxation Properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah O. Ba-Salem

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Two new DTPA-bis(amide based ligands conjugated with the arylpiperazinyl moiety were synthesized and subsequently transformed into their corresponding Gd(III complexes 1 and 2 of the type [Gd(LH2O]·nH2O. The relaxivity (R1 of these complexes was measured, which turned out to be comparable with that of Omniscan®, a commercially available MRI contrast agent. The cytotoxicity studies of these complexes indicated that they are non-toxic, which reveals their potential and physiological suitability as MRI contrast agents. All the synthesized ligands and complexes were characterized with the aid of analytical and spectroscopic methods, including elemental analysis, 1H-NMR, FT-IR, XPS and fast atom bombardment (FAB mass spectrometry.

  11. Analytical Derivation: An Epistemic Game for Solving Mathematically Based Physics Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bajracharya, Rabindra R.; Thompson, John R.

    2016-01-01

    Problem solving, which often involves multiple steps, is an integral part of physics learning and teaching. Using the perspective of the epistemic game, we documented a specific game that is commonly pursued by students while solving mathematically based physics problems: the "analytical derivation" game. This game involves deriving an…

  12. A New Fluorescent Sensor Based on Bisindolizine Derivative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    I, Anitha; M, Sheela Gopal; Thomas, Divya

    2016-03-01

    A fluorescent sensor based on 1,2,1',2'- Tetra(methoxycarbonyl)- 3,3'- bis(p-methylbenzoyl)- 7,7'-bisindolizine (MBI) showing excellent selectivity towards Fe(3+) ions was developed. Under optimized experimental conditions, the fluorescence intensity of 1,2,1',2'- Tetramethoxycarbonyl- 3,3'- bis(p-methylbenzoyl)- 7,7'-bisindolizine was quenched linearly by Fe(3+) ions in the range of 2.00 × 10(-2) to 4.76 × 10(-3) M. The limit of detection was found to be 3.17 × 10(-3) M. The mechanism for quenching was investigated. The developed sensor was applied for the determination of Fe(3+) in pharmaceutical samples. PMID:26758054

  13. Aerosolized gadolinium-DTPA for demonstration of pulmonary ventilation in MR imaging of the lung

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: Magnetic resonance assessment of lung ventilation with aerosolized Gd-DTPA. Methods: Eleven experimental procedures were carried out in a domestic pig model. The intubated pigs were aerosolized for 30 minutes with an aqueous formulation of Gd-DTPA. The contrast agent aerosol was generated by a small particle aerosol generator. Imaging was performed on a 1.5 T MR imager using a T1-weighted turbo spin echo sequence with respiratory gating (TR 141 ms, TE 8.5 ms, 6 averages, slice thickness 10 mm). Pulmonary signal intensities before and after ventilation were measured in peripheral portions of both lungs. Results: Immediately after ventilation with aerosolized Gd-DTPA, the signal intensity in both lungs increased significantly in all animals with values up to 237% above baseline (mean 139%±48%), but within some cases considerable regional intra- and interindividual intensity differences. Distinctive parenchymal enhancement was readily visualized in all eleven cases with good spatial resolution. Conclusion: The presented data indicate that Gd-DTPA in aerosolized form can be used to demonstrate pulmonary ventilation in large animals with lung volumes comparable to man. Further experimental trials are necessary to improve reproducibility and to define the scope of this method for depicting lung disease. (orig.)

  14. Preclinical studies of [{sup 99m}Tc]DTPA-mannosyl-dextran

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoh, Carl K. E-mail: ckhoh@ucsd.edu; Wallace, Anne M.; Vera, David R

    2003-05-01

    We report the preclinical testing of a synthetic receptor-binding macromolecule, [{sup 99m}Tc]DTPA-mannosyl-dextran (36 kDa, 8 DTPA and 55 mannosyl units per dextran, K{sub D} = 0.12 nM), for sentinel node detection. Nonclinical safety studies included cardiac pharmacology safety studies, acute toxicology and pathology studies at 50 and 500 times the scaled human dose in both rats and rabbits after foot pad administration, and perivascular irritation studies in rabbits following intra-muscular administration at 100 and 1000 times the scaled human dose. Biodistribution studies in rabbits at 15 m, 1 h, and 3 h indicated that [{sup 99m}Tc]DTPA-mannosyl-dextran cleared the hind foot pad with a biological half-life of 2.21 {+-} 0.27 h. Other than mild hepatocyte hypertrophy in rabbits, no abnormalities in toxicology or pathology were found. Intravenous administration had no effect on survival, any clinical observations, electrocardiograms, or blood pressures. Intramuscular injection had no effect on survival, clinical observations, injection site observations, or injection site histopathology. The estimated absorbed radiation dose to the affected breast was 0.15 mGy/MBq and the effective dose was 1.06 x 10{sup -2} mSv/MBq. This preclinical study demonstrates that [{sup 99m}Tc]DTPA-mannosyl-dextran has no toxicities and has an acceptable biodistribution and radiation dose.

  15. The technetium-99m DTPA partition test in the diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Although the blood/cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) bromide concentration ratio is sensitive and specific in the diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis (TBM), bromide-82 is not always available since it is not generally used in nuclear medicine. The use of technetium-99m diethylenetriamine penta-acetic acid (DTPA) for a partition test was compared with that of 82Br in 22 cases. Seven patients were diagnosed as having TBM, 9 patients had viral meningitis and 5 patients had septic meningitis. One normal control subject was also studied. Although the mechanism of transfer of substances across the blood-brain barrier as well as the factors affecting it are still unclear, both 82Br and 99mTc-DTPA cross the blood-brain barrier to a greater extent in TBM than in viral meningitis. Both tracers thus yield decreased serum/CSF concentration ratios in TBM. The accuracy of the 82 Br partition test was found to be 90,9% if a critical serum/CSF ratio of 1,3 was chosen, compared with 86,9% for the 99mTc-DTPA partition test if a critical value of 3 was chosen. The use of 99mTcDTPA offers various advantages, including general availability, lower cost and radiation dose per MBq, as well as the possibility of concomitant brain scintigraphy. 1 tab., 9 refs

  16. Improved chelation therapy of intramuscularly deposited thorium by CaDTPA in the rat

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Comparative studies on the translocation and retention of intramuscularly (i.m.) injected thorium nitrate (234Th 46 ng + 232Th 5 μg per rat) in solutions of citrate, CaDTPA or citrate + CaDTPA in rats have been conducted. Results show that only thorium in mixed-ligand solution was entirely translocated from the muscle, with the greatest part being excreted from the body. In this case, the whole-body retention of thorium decreased to 16% of the injected radioactivity within 2 d, 13% being retained in the skeleton. Studies on the decorporation of 234Th + 232Th nitrates from a rat wound simulated with i.m. injection have also been carried out. The greatest translocation of thorium and its excretion was achieved with a single local injection of the mixed-ligand (citrate + CaDTPA) solution when compared with those of citrate or CaDTPA alone. The efficiency of mixed-ligand treatment decreased with its delay. On day 2 post-therapy, the whole-body content of thorium decreased to 30, 37 and 55% of injected radioactivity when the local treatment started immediately, postponed to 1 h or 24 h, after i.m. injection of thorium, respectively. In control rats without treatment, there was only a slight decrease in the content of thorium in the whole body. (author)

  17. MR imaging of acute myocardial infarction in pigs using Gd-DTPA-labeled dextran

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Myocardial infarctions were induced in 12 pigs. In 6 pigs, dextran-(Gd-DTPA)15 (≅ 0.1 mmol Gd/kg b.w.) was injected i.v. 4 to 4.5 hours after coronary artery occlusion. ECG gated MR images were obtained repeatedly before (n=4) and after (n=6) contrast medium injection. Relaxation times in blood samples were measured repeatedly. The animals were scarificed 2 hours after contrast medium administration. The hearts were excised, reaxamined in the MR equipment and stained with triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) in order to define areas of infarction. The remaining 6 pigs were sacrificed 6 hours after occlusion without administration of contrast medium. These hearts were only imaged ex vivo. In vivo, the infarctions could not be identified with or without dextran-(Gd-DTPA)15. Ex vivo, without contrast medium, the infarctions had an increased signal intensity, most pronounced in the T2-weighted images. Dextran-(Gd-DTPA)15 caused a prolonged, pronounced shortening of T1 und T2 in blood samples. The infarct demarcation improved in the T1-weighted images after injection of dextran-(Gd-DTPA)15, due to a moderate enhancement in normal myocardium and a stronger enhancement at the periphery of the infarctions, while the central parts of the infarctions were only weakly enhanced. (orig.)

  18. Vesicoureteral Reflux Detected with 99mTc-DTPA Renal Scintigraphy during Evaluation of Renal Function

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nevena Manevska

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Radionuclide techniques, as direct radionuclide cystography and 99mTc-DMSA scintigraphy, have been used in evaluation of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR and reflux nephropathy (RN in children. Dynamic 99mTc-DTPA scintigraphy is reserved for evaluation of differential renal function and obstruction in children, where hydronephrosis is detected by ultrasonography (US pre- or postnatally. CASE REPORT: Six year old boy was prenatally diagnosed with bilateral hydronephrosis. Postnatal, severe bilateral VUR was detected by voiding urethrocytography. US and 99mTc-DTPA scintigraphy performed in the first month of life showed small left kidney that participated with 2% in the global renal function. Bilateral cutaneous ureterostomy has been performed in order to obtain good renal drainage and promote optimal renal growth. Twelve months later, classic antireflux procedure was done. Control 99mTc-DTPA scintigraphy, 5 ys after antireflux surgery, revealed persisting radioactivity during the diuretic phase, in the left kidney that indicated antireflux procedure failure with VUR reappearance. CONCLUSION: 99mTc-DTPA scintigraphy is the first method of choice for long-term monitoring of individual kidney function in children with VUR and other congenital urinary tract anomalies. Additionally, it can be used as indirect radionuclide cystography when rising of radioactivity in the kidney region, during the diuretic phase can indicate presence of VUR.

  19. MRI with Gd-DTPA in tumours of larynx and hypopharynx

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Twenty-eight patients with tumours of the larynx, divided into supraglottic, glottic, and subglottic lesions, and of the hypopharynx were examined by different MRI techniques using the paramagnetic contrast medium Gd-DTPA. The results of preoperative MRI were compared with clinical laryngoscopy and the pathological tumour classification. The examinations were carried out using plain T1- and T2-weighted and Gd-DTPA enhanced T1-weighted sequences. Most studies included three slice orientations for optimal assessment of different tumour locations. The most accurate diagnostic information was given by Gd-DTPA-enhanced sequences. The combination of plain images, contrast-enhanced images and subtraction enabled precise assessment of deep infiltration. T2-weighted and proton density sequences conveyed more information about cartilage invasion and liquid-filled structures, but gave more artefacts than T1-weighted images. Laryngoscopy had advantages in T1-classified tumors, as the extent of the tumour could be seen, and offered histological information via biopsy. Diagnostic findings of MRI correlated in 85.7% with the pathologist's report, and laryngoscopy provided exact classification in only 64.3% of patients. Gd-DTPA-enhanced MRI is an important adjunct to non-contrast MR studies, and forms an ideal diagnostic supplement to laryngoscopy. (orig.)

  20. Modeling the effect of continuous infusion DTPA therapy on the retention and dosimetry of inhaled actinides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A biokinetic model of the treatment of dogs that inhaled 241AmO2 aerosols with continuously infused DTPA has been adapted from a model previously published by Mewhinney and Griffith. This model simulated both the tissue retention and excretion of 241Am, and was used to estimate the cumulative radiation doses to tissues at risk from 241Am alpha radiation. The results showed that at 64 days after exposure, the liver dose of the DTPA-treated animals was 3% that of the corresponding controls, the skeletal dose was 2%, the kidney dose was 4%, and the lung dose was 67% of controls. This paper describes a biokinetic and dosimetric model that was adapted from a previously published model. It was developed to provide a means of estimating radiation doses for cases where continuously infused DTPA therapy is used to reduce radiation dose. The model was formulated for the case of 241Am02 inhalation, a physicochemical form of Am that is moderately soluble in vivo, and one to which people have been exposed. Because adequate human data, particularly tissue data, are not available from cases of accidental human exposure to 241Am, two published data sets from experiments in which Beagle dogs inhaled 241Am02 aerosols have been used to obtain parameter estimates for the model. The model simulations were then used to provide dose estimates with and without infused-DTPA therapy. (author)

  1. Magnetic resonance urography: initial experience of a low-dose Gd-DTPA-enhanced technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance urography (MRU) is a promising tool in the evaluation of the renal collecting system, but it can be limited by T2* effects resulting from hyperconcentrated gadolinium chelates. The aim of this study was to evaluate a low-dose dimeglumine gadopentetate (Gd-DTPA) MRU technique consisting of a dynamic fast low-angle-shot (FLASH) 2D sequence and a static fast imaging in steady state precession (FISP) 3D sequence for depicting the kidneys and urinary tract. The Gd-DTPA dose (0.01 mmol/kg) was established experimentally in a healthy volunteer study. Ninety-one patients presenting with various renal disorders were examined with a low-dose Gd-DTPA MRU and a T2-weighted turbo spin echo (TSE) MRU technique on a 1.5-T system. Image quality and diagnostic value were considered at least satisfactory in 98.9% of the FLASH 2D studies, 83.5% of the FISP 3D studies and 78.5% of the TSE T2-weighted studies. Typical enhancement patterns were established for the renal cell carcinoma and transitional cell carcinoma. The major limitations were motion artefacts and insufficient hydration of the patients. Low-dose Gd-DTPA MRU appears to be a useful technique in the evaluation of the kidneys and urinary tract, especially in cases of renal tumours. (orig.)

  2. Quantitative renal function study using TC-99mDTPA and TC-99mDMSA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In quantitative renal function studies using Tc-99m DTPA and Tc-99m DMSA, the kidney depth is an important factor to control the gamma rays' absorption by the soft tissue. However, to date, this renal depth has been estimated from the patient's height and weight according to the formula of Toennesen. In the present study, we measured the kidney depth by ultrasonography and so determined the renal uptake of Tc-99m DTPA and Tc-99m DMSA. Using the kidney depth as measured by ultrasonography, the correlation coefficient between renal uptake of Tc-99m DTPA and GFR (determined by the clearance method) was 0.878 and that between renal uptake of Tc-99m DMSA and ERPF (determined from paraaminohippuran clearance) was 0.945. On the other hand, using the kidney depth as calculated by Toenneren's formula, the correlation coefficient between Tc-99m DTPA uptake and GFR was 0.849 and that between Tc-99m DMSA uptake and ERPF was 0.891. Thus, the renal depth measured by ultrasonography provided a closer correlation than that calculated according to Toenesen's formula. (author)

  3. Evaluation of three algorithms to calculate the relative renal function with 99Tc-DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of our study is to estimate the reproducibility and the exactitude of three algorithms to determine with 99mTc-DTPA the relative function of each kidney. Methods: a prospective study was carried out in voluntary patients. Reproducibility was studied in 11 patients who underwent had two examinations with 99mTc-DTPA. Exactitude was evaluated in 35 patients who had an additional scintigraphy with 99mTc-DMSA taken as a reference. To determine the relative renal function with 99mTc-DTPA, three algorithms using various background subtraction methods and time intervals were applied. Results and conclusion: the method of the integral was the most reproducible and exact. It was little influenced by the choice of the interval of time. The reproducibility and the exactitude of the Patlak method were worse, especially in case of renal insufficiency or hydronephrosis. A high background and poor counting statistics explain why Patlak was less powerful with 99mTc-DTPA than with 99mTc-MAG3. The method of the slopes should not be recommended any more. (author)

  4. Evaluation of In-111 DTPA-paclitaxel scintigraphy to predict response on murine tumors to paclitaxel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Our goal was to determine whether scintigraphy with 111In-DTPA-paclitaxel could predict the response to chemotherapy with paclitaxel. Ovarian carcinoma (OCA 1), mammary carcinoma (MCA-4), fibrosarcoma (FSA) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC VII) were inoculated into the thighs of female C3Hf/Kam mice. Mice bearing 8 mm tumors were treated with paclitaxel (40 mg/kg). The growth delay, which was defined as the time in days for tumors in the treated groups to grow from 8 to 12 mm in diameter minus the time in days for tumors in the untreated control group to reach the same size, was measured to determine the effect of paclitaxel on the tumors. Sequential scintigraphy in mice bearing 10 to 14 mm tumors was conducted at 5, 30, 60, 120, 240 min and 24 hrs postinjection of 111In-DTPA-paclitaxel (3.7 MBq) or 111In-DTPA as a control tracer. The tumor uptakes (% injection dose/pixel) were determined. The growth delay of OCA 1, MCA-4, FSA and SCC VII tumors was 13.6, 4.0, -0.02 and -0.28 days, respectively. In other words, OCA 1 and MCA-4 were paclitaxel-sensitive tumors, whereas FSA and SCC VII were paclitaxel-resistant tumors. The tumor uptakes at 24 hrs postinjection of In-111 DTPA paclitaxel of OCA 1, MCA-4, FSA and SCC VII were 1.0 x 10-3, 1.6 x 10-3, 2.2 x 10-3 and 9.0 x 10-3% injection dose/pixel, respectively. There was no correlation between the response to chemotherapy with paclitaxel and the tumor uptakes of 111In-DTPA-paclitaxel. Scintigraphy with 111In-DTPA-paclitaxel could not predict the response to paclitaxel chemotherapy. Although there was significant accumulation of the paclitaxel in the tumor cells, additional mechanisms must be operative for the agent to be effective against the neoplasm. 111In-DTPA-paclitaxel activity is apparently different from that of paclitaxel with Cremophor. (author)

  5. Assessment of alveolar epithelial permeability in Behcet's disease with 99mTc-DTPA aerosol scintigraphy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Behcet's disease (BD) is a multisystem disorder characterized by vasculitis, and consists of a triad of recurrent ulcers of the oral and genital mucosa with relapsing uveitis. The prevalance of pulmonary involvement varies in the range of 1-10% in various studies and its complications are severe and life threatening. In this study, we investigated the changes of pulmonary epithelial permeability of patients with BD using technetium-99m diethylene triamine penta-acetic acid (99mTc-DTPA) aerosol scintigraphy, so as to begin the therapy regimen as soon as possible. Twenty-one nonsmoking patients with BD (8 women, 13 men; mean age 38.67±8.86 years) and 15 healthy volunteer nonsmoking controls (8 women, 7 men; mean age 50.87±12.45 years) underwent 99mTc-DTPA aerosol inhalation scintigraphy and pulmonary function tests (PFTs). Subjects inhaled 1480 MBq of 99mTc-DTPA for 4 min in the supine position. Scintigraphic data were recorded dynamically (1 frame/min) in the posterior projection on a 64 x 64 matrix for a 30-min period using a double-headed gamma camera (Infinia, GE, Tirat Hacarmel, Israel) equipped with a low-energy all-purpose parallel hole collimator. Half time of 99mTc-DTPA clearance (T1/2) was calculated by placing a mono-exponential fit on the curves. Penetration index (PI) was also calculated by dividing the peripheral total counts by the sum of the peripheral and central total counts on the first minute image, in order to quantify the distribution of the inhaled aerosol. The clearance half time of 99mTc-DTPA radioaerosols in the BD patients (24.81±6.22 min) was faster than in the normal control group (46.53±22.41 min) (P=0.004). There was also a significant difference between PI of the patients with BD (0.15±0.03) and that of the controls (0.21±0.06) (P=0.002). No correlation was found between the mean T1/2 values of 99mTc-DTPA clearance or the spirometric measurements in the BD patients. Penetration indices were not correlated with PET in the BD

  6. Synthesis and enhanced neuroprotective activity of C60-based ebselen derivatives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A C60-based ebselen derivative 4 was synthesized through the cycloaddition of C60 with the azide (3) containing the ebselen component. It was obtained in a four-step synthesis starting from 2-(chloroseleno)benzoyl chloride and 2-(2-aminoethoxy)ethanol in 53% yield (based on consumed C60). Its structure was characterized by 1H NMR, 13C NMR, IR, UV, and FAB-MS. To verify that the C60-based ebselen derivative 4 had enhanced antioxidative and neuroprotective activity, the C60 derivative 5 and the ebselen derivative 6 were selected to treat cortical neuronal cells using the same procedures as with the C60-based ebselen derivative 4. The cellular viability of different derivative treatment groups was estimated by LDH leakage assay and MTT assay. At the same final concentration (30 μmol/L), the results showed that the antioxidative and protective potencies of the C60-based ebselen derivative 4 (MTT (OD) 0.340 ± 0.035, LDH release (UL-1) 4.80 ± 0.16) against H2O2-mediated neuronal injury have an advantage over those of C60 derivative 5 (MTT (OD) 0.297 ± 0.036, LDH release (UL-1) 5.37 ± 0.31) and ebselen derivative 6 (MTT (OD) 0.267 ± 0.027, LDH release (UL-1) 5.85 ± 0.26). Correspondingly, the GPX activity of 4 (1.62 U/μmol) was higher than that of 5 (0.77 U/μmol) and 6 (1.24 U/μmol). These findings demonstrate that the incorporation of two components with similar biological activity (C60 component and ebselen component) may be a desirable way of obtaining a new and more biologically effective C60-based compound. (author)

  7. 99mTc-MAG3: can it be a viable alternative to 99mTc-DTPA ?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to assess the potentials of 99mTc MAG3 to replace universally used 99mTc-DTPA as a routine renal agent. Five patients with different nephrological problems were first studied with 99mTc MAG3 and then reinvestigated with 99mTc-DTPA two to seven days later. Renal MAG3 gamma camera images were found to be almost identical with those of 99mTc-DTPA images except high hepatic and splenic uptake of the former compound in four out of five patients (80%) irrespective of kidney function. MAG3 and DTPA renograms showed identical differential renal uptake function (r=0.87) with slightly higher uptake in right kidneys. Time to reach the peak correlated well (r=0.91). Time to reach half maximum renal activity was also found to be almost identical (r=0.97) for MAG3 and DTPA. It was felt that the age old 99mTc-DTPA is as good a compound as 99mTc MAG3 with regard to imaging and assessment of renal uptake, drainage and differential renal functions. 99mTc-DTPA is much cheaper, readily available in India and stable to suit the logistics in a busy nuclear medicine department for routine renography. (author). 10 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs

  8. Novel and facile methods for the synthesis of DTPA-mono-amide. A new completely revised strategy in radiopharmaceutical chemistry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    DTPA is a very strong metal chelator widely utilized in radiopharmaceutical chemistry for conjugation of chemicals which do not have enough potency for direct metalo-labeling and also to manage toxic radioactive materials such as plutonium, americium, and curium. It is difficult to conjugate DTPA to an amine group in a singular direction and such reactions usually also coincidently produce a mixture of DTPA-bis-amides and DTPA-mono-amide resulting in considerable insufficiencies/difficulties in synthesis and especially yield/separation procedures. In this paper, novel methods for the exclusive synthesis of DTPA-mono-amide have been established which extensively reduce the difficulties otherwise encountered and increase the reaction's yield considering the green chemistry approaches. This is expected to be of interest to radiopharmaceutical researchers interested in the DTPA (Radio)-metallic-conjugate. Overall, this paper provides a framework to achieve a higher degree of propriety from DTPA as a chelator to conjugate to the chemical compounds. (author)

  9. Preliminary data on biodistribution and dosimetry for therapy planning of somatostatin receptor positive tumours: comparison of {sup 86}Y-DOTATOC and {sup 111}In-DTPA-octreotide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Foerster, G.J.; Reber, H.; Buchholz, H.-G.; Bartenstein, P. [Dept. of Nuclear Medicine, University Hospital Mainz (Germany); Engelbach, M. [Dept. of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University Hospital Mainz (Germany); Brockmann, J.; Roesch, F. [Inst. of Nuclear Chemistry, University of Mainz (Germany); Maecke, H.R. [Inst. of Nuclear Medicine, Univ. of Basel (Switzerland); Herzog, H. [Inst. of Medicine, Research Centre Juelich (Germany)

    2001-12-01

    The somatostatin analogue {sup 90}Y-DOTATOC (yttrium-90 DOTA-D-Phe{sup 1}-Tyr{sup 3}-octreotide) is used for treatment of patients with neuroendocrine tumours. Accurate pretherapeutic dosimetry would allow for individual planning of the optimal therapeutic strategy. In this study, the biodistribution and resulting dosimetric calculation for therapeutic exposure of critical organs and tumour masses based on the positron emission tomography (PET) tracer {sup 86}Y-DOTATOC, which is chemically identical to the therapeutic agent, were compared with results based on the tracer commonly used for somatostatin receptor scintigraphy, {sup 111}In-DTPA-octreotide (indium-111 DTPA-D-Phe{sup 1}-octreotide, OctreoScan). Three patients with metastatic carcinoid tumours were investigated. Dynamic and static PET studies with 77-186 MBq {sup 86}Y-DOTATOC were performed up to 48 h after injection. Serum and urinary activity were measured simultaneously. Within 1 week, but not sooner than 5 days, patients were re-investigated by conventional scintigraphy with {sup 111}In-DTPA-octreotide (110-187 MBq) using an equivalent protocol. Based on the regional tissue uptake kinetics, residence times were calculated and doses for potential therapy with {sup 90}Y-DOTATOC were estimated. Serum kinetics and urinary excretion of both tracers showed no relevant differences. Estimated liver doses were similar for both tracers. Dose estimation for organs with the highest level of radiation exposure, the kidneys and spleen, showed differences of 10.5%-20.1% depending on the tracer. The largest discrepancies in dose estimation, ranging from 23.1% to 85.9%, were found in tumour masses. Furthermore, there was a wide inter-subject variability in the organ kinetics. Residence times ({tau}{sub organs}) for {sup 90}Y-DOTATOC therapy were: {tau}{sub liver} 1.59-2.79 h; {tau}{sub spleen} 0.07-1.68 h; and {tau}{sub kidneys} 0.55-2.46 h(based on {sup 86}Y-DOTATOC). These data suggest that dosimetry based on {sup

  10. Comparison of contract appearance of gadobenate-dimeglumine and GA-DTPA in intra-axial brain tumors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purposes of the study was to assess intraaxial brain tumors by a blinded comparison of gadobenat-dimeglumine and Gd-DTPA 27 patients with known cerebral gliomas or metastases were included into an intra-individual randomized double-blinded cross-over study. The protocol included T1 SE, T2 FSE and after contrast a series of five T1 SE sequences followed by T1 SE with MT, T1 SE, and 3D GRE sequences. Imaging data acquired at two centers were assessed on-site by the investigators and off-site by two experienced readers using quantitative and qualitative criteria. For a quantitative analysis tumor contrast and contrast-to-noise ratios were determined out of ROI in tumor, unaffected white matter, a region outside the head, and an external reference tube. For the qualitative assessment on- and off-site readers were asked to compare both MR scans for lesion contrast, lesion delineation and information upon the internal morphology and structure. In the quantitative analysis lesions examined with gadobenat-dimeglumine present a maximal 26% increase of the lesion contrast. In both, the on-site, as well as the off-site assessment the intensity of enhancement and the lesion contrast were found to be significantly better with gadobenat-dimeglumine enhanced MRI. There was a trend towards gadobenat-dimeglumine for the delineation of the lesion from the surrounding tissue and the internal lesion morphology. Based on our observations gadobenat-dimeglumine proved to be a safe and valuable contrast media for the assessment of CNS neoplasms. Compared with Gd-DTPA it provides a more intense contrast enhancement and a better tumor contrast which might be of importance for the further management of these patients. (orig.)

  11. Factors in myocardial "perfusion" imaging with ultrafast MRI and Gd-DTPA administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burstein, D; Taratuta, E; Manning, W J

    1991-08-01

    Ultrafast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and first pass observation of an interstitial contrast agent are currently being used to study myocardial perfusion. Image intensity, however, is a function of several parameters, including the delivery of the contrast agent to the interstitium (coronary flow rate and diffusion into the interstitium) and the relaxation properties of the tissue (contrast agent concentration, proton exchange rates, and relative intra- and extracellular volume fractions). In this study, image intensity during gadopentetate dimeglumine (Gd-DTPA) administration with T1-weighted ultrafast MR imaging was assessed in an isolated heart preparation. With increasing Gd-DTPA concentration, the steady-state myocardial image intensity increased but the time to reach steady state remained unchanged, resulting in an increased slope of image intensity change. A range of physiologic perfusion pressures (and resulting coronary flow rates) had insignificant effects on kinetics of Gd-DTPA wash-in or steady-state image intensity, suggesting that diffusion of Gd-DTPA into the interstitium is the rate limiting step in image intensity change with this preparation. Following global ischemia and reperfusion, transmural differences in the slope of image intensity change were apparent. However, the altered steady-state image intensity (due to postischemic edema) makes interpretation of this finding difficult. The studies described here demonstrate that although Gd-DTPA administration combined with ultrafast imaging may be a sensitive indicator of perfusion abnormalities, factors other than perfusion will affect image intensity. Extensive studies will be required before image intensity with this protocol is fully understood. PMID:1775055

  12. A study on the short-term metabolism of curium and its removal with DTPA in the rat

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The contents of 242Cm in the plasma, liver, skeleton and kidneys were determined from 22.5 minutes to 16 days after the intravenous injection of 242Cm citrate to the rat. The 242Cm injected disappeared from the plasma rapidly and deposited mainly in the liver and skeleton. By analyzing the relationship between the disappearance from the plasma and the accumulation in the organs of injected curium, the initial distribution space, or the actual site of transfer compartment used for dose calculation in the ICRP Publ.30, of curium was identified as the extracellular fluid (ECF). The calculation showed that the difference between the radiation dose to bone surface or red bone marrow from short-lived curium isotopes evaluated under the current ICRP assumption, on one hand, and the same radiation dose, evaluated under the assumption that the actual site of transfer compartment is ECF, on the other, is not negligible. The effect of administration of CaDTPA or ZnDTPA on the retention of 242Cm in organs was studied by changing the time interval between the 242Cm injection and DTPA administration and the amount of DTPA administered. The results obtained showed that 1) DTPA treatment of a person who has incorporated curium into the body should be started as early as possible, 2) the first single prompt DTPA should be administered as Ca salt, and the following multiple delayed DTPA, as the less toxic Zn salt, and 3) the dose of first CaDTPA should be as large as possible within the range not producing its side effect. The study on the mixture of 242Cm and 238Pu showed that these two radioelements are metabolized and removed with DTPA independently. (author)

  13. Adsorption characteristics of Ni(II) onto MA-DTPA/PVDF chelating membrane

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The melamine-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid/polyvinylidene fluoride (MA-DTPA/PVDF) chelating membrane bearing polyaminecarboxylate groups was prepared for the removal of Ni(II) from wastewater effluents. The membrane was characterized by SEM, 13C NMR and FTIR techniques. Quantitative adsorption experiments were performed in view of pH, contact time, temperature, the presence of Ca(II) and lactic acid as the controlling parameters. Adsorption kinetics and equilibrium were examined regarding the single Ni(II) system, binary Ni(II) and Ca(II) system and nickel-lactic acid complexes system. The desorption efficiency was also evaluated, and the adsorption mechanism was suggested based on experimental data. The results show that the sorption kinetics fit well to Lagergren second-order equation and the isotherms can be well described by Langmuir model. At 298 K, the second-order rate constant is calculated to be 4.171, 11.39, 6.203 cm2/(mg min) and the equilibrium uptake is 0.0264, 0.0211 and 0.0216 mg/cm2 in the aforementioned three systems. The distribution coefficient of Ni(II) slowly decreases from 4.27 to 2.72, and the separation factor (fNi(II)/Ca(II)) increases from 3.10 to 8.46 when the initial Ca(II) concentration varies from 20 to 200 mg/L. This reveals the chelating membrane shows more affinity for Ni(II) than Ca(II) ions. In the studied range of lactic acid concentration, Ni(II) uptake decreases with the maximum ratio of 10%. Chemical bonding (chelation) dominates in the adsorption process, and the negative ΔGo and ΔHo indicate the spontaneous and exothermic nature of adsorption.

  14. Deriving Derivatives

    OpenAIRE

    Soklakov, Andrei N.

    2013-01-01

    Quantitative Structuring is a rigorous framework for the design of financial products. We show how it incorporates traditional investment ideas while supporting a more accurate expression of clients' views on the market. We briefly touch upon adjacent topics regarding the safety of financial derivatives and the role of pricing models in product design.

  15. Study for synovial lesions by MRI using gadolinium-DTPA (Gd-DTPA) in patients with early phase of rheumatoid arthritis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the usefulness of magnetic resonanse imaging (MRI) enhanced with gadolinium-DTPA (Gd-DTPA) for the detection of the inflamed synovium and for the evaluation of the responce to therapy in rheumatoid arthritis, we studied 49 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) according to the 1987 revised criteria of American Rheumatism Association (ARA), 6 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) complicated by arthritis, 3 patients with osteoarthritis (OA), 2 patients with Sjoegren syndrome, 2 patients with progressive systemic sclerosis and 10 healthy volunteers as an age matched control. The 49 patients with RA were divided into three groups: 1) early phase of RA, 2) non progressing RA and 3) slowly progressing RA, and the stage classification of plain X-ray film and enhancement pattern of MR imaging were classified into three groups. Synovial enhancement showed a linear, band-like or diffuse pattern. Almost all cases in early phase of RA group and non progressing RA group showed a linear pattern, a band-like pattern or even no enhancement, while slowly progressing group of stage II or higher showed the diffuse pattern of enhancement in all except 2 cases. Moreover, the linear pattern, the band-like pattern or even no contrast enhancement were seen in all except 1 stage I patient, whereas 26 out of 29 patients with stage II or higher change showed diffuse contrast enhancement. Furthermore, a comparison of MR images before and after administration of disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) in 10 patients showed that the improvement of clinical symptomes correlated fairly well with reduction of contrast enhancement. The present study suggested that MRI of the wrist using Gd-DTPA enhancement may be useful for the diagnosis of RA, the prediction of articular damage, and judgement of the response to therapy. (author)

  16. Synthesis and Physicochemical Characterization of a Diethyl Ester Prodrug of DTPA and Its Investigation as an Oral Decorporation Agent in Rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huckle, James E; Sadgrove, Matthew P; Leed, Marina G D; Yang, Yu-Tsai; Mumper, Russell J; Semelka, Richard C; Jay, Michael

    2016-07-01

    The increasing threats of nuclear terrorism have made the development of medical countermeasures a priority for international security. Injectable formulations of diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) have been approved by the FDA; however, an oral formulation is more amenable in a mass casualty situation. Here, the diethyl ester of DTPA, named C2E2, is investigated for potential as an oral treatment for internal radionuclide contamination. C2E2 was synthesized and characterized using NMR, MS, and elemental analysis. The physiochemical properties of solubility, lipophilicity, and stability were investigated in order to predict its oral bioavailability. Finally, an animal efficacy study was conducted in Sprague Dawley rats pre-contaminated by intramuscular injection with (241)Am(NO3)3 to establish effectiveness of the therapy via the oral route. Synthesis of C2E2 yielded a crystalline powder with high solubility and improved lipophilicity over DTPA. The ester was stable in both simulated gastric and intestinal fluids over the anticipated time course of absorption. Capsules containing C2E2 were demonstrated to be stable for 12 months under accelerated stability conditions. After a single dose, C2E2 enhanced the elimination of (241)Am in a dose-dependent manner. Significant improvement was seen in both total (241)Am decorporation and reduction of (241)Am liver and skeletal burden. C2E2 was concluded to be effective when orally administered to (241)Am-contaminated rats. It may therefore have potential for medical countermeasure in treating humans contaminated with (241)Am or other transuranic elements. An oral capsule or powder for reconstitution may be suitable formulations for future development based on the physiochemical properties and anticipated dose required for efficacy. PMID:27106838

  17. Radiation protect during the ventilation scintigraphy of Tc99m DTPA radioaerosol in pediatric application

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Yu-Wen; Dai, Zen-Kong; Huang, Ying-Fong; Jong, Shiang-Bing [Chou-Hon Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical Univ., Kaohsiung, Taiwan (China)

    2000-05-01

    Lung ventilation-perfusion scintigraphy is of great value for the management of patients with both primary lung disease and heart disease, by proving patho- physiological information of importance for the diagnosis, follow-up and functional evaluation of the patients. Krypton 81m radioactive gas is preferable for pediatric application due to its short half-life. However, the rubidium-krypton 81m generator is not popular in hospital of our country. Tc99m DTPA radioaerosol ventilation scintigraphy has its unique convenient for clinical application. But, the most disadvantage of clinical application of Tc99m DTPA radioaerosol is contamination of environment when the poor-cooperative patient can't breathe by mouth. For this reason, we design the certain procedure to reduce the radioaerosol contamination. During May to Aug., 1999, we collect 36 pediatric patients (male to female ratio 2:1, age from 6 months to 20 years old) with clinical history of lung or heart disease, including congenital heart disease, asthma and so on. Before the cases receive 10 to 15 mCi Tc99m DTPA radioaerosol ventilation scan, all of them were trained with breath training. And during the ventilation scintigraphy, the special mouth mask is designed to prevent the radioaerosol leakage into atmosphere. Then Geiger-Muller survey meter was arranged to detect the environmental contamination of radioaerosol in the mask, one and two metes away from the mask every 10 minutes during ventilation scintigraphy procedure and 1 hour after finishing image. Two nuclear medicine physicians evaluated imaging quality of ventilation scintigraphy. Results: Among thirty-six pediatric patients with prior breath training, thirty-two cases are successful to proceed the Tc99m DTPA ventilation scintigraphy. The other four cases that were under three-year-old fail to receive ventilation scintigraphy. There is limited detectable radioactivity in the mouth mask at early 10 minute by Geiger-Muller counter. No significant

  18. MR imaging of tumor angiogenesis using sterically stabilized Gd-DTPA liposomes targeted to CD105

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aim: To depict tumor angiogenesis via the expression of CD105 in tumor-bearing rats using Gd-DTPA liposomes targeted to CD105 (CD105-Gd-SLs) on MR imaging. Materials and methods: Three Gd-DTPA liposomal nanoparticles were prepared in our trial: liposomes entrapping Gd-DTPA (Gd-SLs), Gd-SLs conjugated to immunoglobulins (IgG-Gd-SLs) and CD105-Gd-SLs. Forty glioma-bearing rats were randomized into four groups: (a) Gd-DTPA; (b) Gd-SLs; (c) IgG-Gd-SLs; (d) CD105-Gd-SLs. Axial T1WI MRI images were collected at baseline and repeated at 5, 30, 60 and 120 min post-intravenous injection of Gd-DTPA or liposome. Enhancement features and contrast-to-noise ratio of each group were analyzed. After imaging, tumors were resected for immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence staining to assess vascularity and angiogenesis. Results: The four groups showed different enhancement features. The enhancement area was restricted for group CD105-Gd-SLs, while diffused for the other three. The degree of enhancement over time varied: group Gd-DTPA showed an early contrast enhancement at instant after injection with a peak at 30 min and a decline to baseline values at 60 min. In group CD105-Gd-SLs, the signal intensity (SI) continuously increased over 120 min. In groups IgG-Gd-SLs and Gd-SLs the SI peaked at 60 min, followed by a minor decrease for IgG-Gd-SLs and a rapid decrease for Gd-SLs almost to baseline. Immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence showed that the enhancement in the CD105-Gd-SLs group resulted mainly from new microvessels. While in the other three groups, mature microvessels and new microvasculature resulted in the enhancement of the tumor. Conclusion: CD105-Gd-SLs can be used to detect early tumor angiogenesis on MR images. This might provide a means to non-invasively reveal a malignant phenotype of extracerebral F98 tumor and evaluate its progression.

  19. Gadolinium MRI Contrast Agents Based on Triazine Dendrimers: Relaxivity and In Vivo Pharmacokinetics

    OpenAIRE

    Lim, Jongdoo; Turkbey, Baris; Bernardo, Marcelino; Bryant, L. Henry; Garzoni, Matteo; Pavan, Giovanni M.; Nakajima, Takahito; Choyke, Peter L; Simanek, Eric E; Kobayashi, Hisataka

    2012-01-01

    Four gadolinium (Gd)-based macromolecular contrast agents, G3-(Gd-DOTA)24, G5-(Gd-DOTA)96, G3-(Gd-DTPA)24, and G5-(Gd-DTPA)96, were prepared that varied in the size of dendrimer (generation three and five), the type of chelate group (DTPA or DOTA), and the theoretical number of metallated chelates (24 and 96). Synthesis relied on a dichlorotriazine derivatized with a DOTA or DTPA ligand that was incorporated into the dendrimer and ultimately metallated with Gd ions. Paramagnetic characteristi...

  20. Development and Characterization of Novel Films Based on Sulfonamide-Chitosan Derivatives for Potential Wound Dressing

    OpenAIRE

    Oana Maria Dragostin; Sangram Keshari Samal; Florentina Lupascu; Andreea Pânzariu; Peter Dubruel; Dan Lupascu; Cristina Tuchilus; Cornelia Vasile; Lenuta Profire

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this study was to develop new films based on chitosan functionalized with sulfonamide drugs (sulfametoxydiazine, sulfadiazine, sulfadimetho-xine, sulfamethoxazol, sulfamerazine, sulfizoxazol) in order to enhance the biological effects of chitosan. The morphology and physical properties of functionalized chitosan films as well the antioxidant effects of sulfonamide-chitosan derivatives were investigated. The chitosan-derivative films showed a rough surface and hydrophilic prop...

  1. An information-theoretic derivation of min-cut based clustering

    OpenAIRE

    Raj, Anil; Wiggins, Chris H.

    2010-01-01

    Min-cut clustering, based on minimizing one of two heuristic cost-functions proposed by Shi and Malik nearly a decade ago, has spawned tremendous research, both analytic and algorithmic, in the graph partitioning and image segmentation communities over the last decade. It is however unclear if these heuristics can be derived from a more general principle facilitating generalization to new problem settings. Motivated by an existing graph partitioning framework, we derive relationships between ...

  2. Study of imaging parameters for Gd-DTPA continuous intravenous injection 3D MR angiography, using IR preparation fast SPGR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the present study, Gd-DTPA continuous intravenous injection 3D MR angiography using 3D IR preparation Fast SPGR by means of 180deg pulse for pulse preparation, was investigated for optimal imaging parameters. 3D IR preparation Fast SPGR (TR 11 ms, TE 1.9 ms) which was used in the present study was rendered free of recovery time and inhibition by initiating a null point for fat impossible. The present Gd-DTPA continuous intravenous injection 3D MRA cannot maintain intravascular Gd-DTPA in high concentration because of a very short imaging time, but also improve Gd-DTPA-fat contrast by establishing optimal preparation times of 150-200 ms and FA 40deg, and outline clinically superior angiograms with excellent contrast. (author)

  3. Assessment of renal impairment by non-contrast-enhanced conventional magnetic resonance imaging. Comparison with 99mTc-DTPA renography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this study was to determine whether non-contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can detect three levels of renal impairment by evaluating the differences and agreement with 99mTc-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) renography. A total of 28 patients with kidney disease were enrolled in the study. MRI findings, including visual corticomedullary differentiation (CMD) on T1- and T2-weighted imaging (T1WI, T2WI), cortical irregularity, the number of renal cysts, and the volume of the kidney, were evaluated for individual kidneys and pairs of kidneys. The differences and agreement between MRI findings and the three levels of renal impairment based on the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) measured using 99mTc-DTPA renography were analyzed. All MRI findings except the number of renal cysts in pairs of kidneys were consistent with the patient's classification. The agreement between the patient's classifications based on GFR and that based on the visual CMD on T1WI and T2WI was almost perfect or substantial in both individual kidneys and pairs of kidneys. Non-contrast-enhanced MRI was capable of distinguishing three levels of renal function, including serious renal impairment. (author)

  4. Accuracy and confidence of Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MRI and diffusion-weighted imaging alone and in combination for the diagnosis of liver metastases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To evaluate the accuracy and confidence in diagnosing liver metastases using combined gadolinium-EOB-DTPA (Gd-EOB-DTPA) enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)/diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in comparison to Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MRI and DWI alone. Materials and methods: Forty-three patients (age, 58 ± 13 years) with 89 liver lesions (28 benign, 61 malignant) underwent liver MRI for suspected liver metastases. Three image sets (DWI, Gd-EOB-DTPA and combined Gd-EOB-DTPA/DWI) in combination with unenhanced T1- and T2-weighted images were reviewed by three readers. Detection rates of focal liver lesions were assessed and diagnostic accuracy was evaluated by calculating the areas under the receiver-operating-characteristics curve (AUC). Confidence in diagnosis was evaluated on a 3-point scale. Histopathology and imaging follow-up served as the standard of reference. Results: Detection of liver lesions and confidence in final diagnosis for all readers were significantly higher for the combined Gd-EOB-DTPA/DWI dataset than for DWI. The combination of DWI and Gd-EOB-DTPA rendered a significantly higher confidence in final diagnosis (2.44 vs. 2.50) than Gd-EOB-DTPA alone for one reader. For two readers, accuracy in diagnosis of liver metastases was significantly higher for Gd-EOB-DTPA/DWI (AUCs of 0.84 and 0.83) than for DWI datasets (AUCs of 0.73 and 0.72). Adding DWI to Gd-EOB-DTPA did not significantly increase diagnostic accuracy as compared to Gd-EOB-DTPA imaging alone. Conclusion: Addition of DWI sequences to Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MRI did not significantly increase diagnostic accuracy as compared to Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MRI alone in the diagnosis of liver metastases. However, the increase in diagnostic confidence might justify acquisition of DWI sequences in a dedicated MRI protocol

  5. Formulation and Characterization of “Ready to Use” 1B4M-DTPA-rituximab for Lu-177 Labeling

    OpenAIRE

    Gorgieva, Darinka; Smilkov, Katarina; Janevik-Ivanovska, Emilija

    2014-01-01

    Investigations for NHL treatment are oriented towards radiolabelled therapeutics. This research focuses on formulation and characterization of a new, ready to label immunoconjugate, 1B4M-DTPA-rituximab, which is suitable for labeling with Lu-177. The conjugation was performed using 20-fold molar excess of the bifunctional chelating agent, 1B4M-DTPA and subsequent lyophilization. The characterization of the (radio)immunoconjugate was performed using SE-HPLC, SDS-PAGE and MALDI-TOF-...

  6. Glomerular filtration rate estimated from the uptake phase of 99mTc-DTPA renography in chronic renal failure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, L J; Petersen, J R; Talleruphuus, U;

    1999-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to compare the estimation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) from 99mTc-DTPA renography with that estimated from the renal clearance of 51Cr-EDTA, creatinine and urea.......The purpose of the study was to compare the estimation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) from 99mTc-DTPA renography with that estimated from the renal clearance of 51Cr-EDTA, creatinine and urea....

  7. The preparation and identification of 99mTc-DTPA-HSA instant kit for blood-pool imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The procedures for the preparation of animal experiment and preliminary clinical application of 99mTc-DTPA-HSA instant kit are described. The data showed that the radiochemical purity of this preparation was 97%, and also was stable more than 3 hours in room temperature. A comparison of 99mTc-DePA-HSA and 99mTc-HSA was carried in rats. The disappearance of radioactivity from the blood solwer for 99mTc-DTPA-HSA (T1/2 269.7 min, 88.8% of injected dose remaining in the blood at 1 hour) that for 99mTc-HSA (T1/2 = 139.6 min, 78.5% of injected dose remaining in the blood at 1 hour). In rabbits the blood pool images of 99mTc-DTPA-HSA was much more clear than with 99mTc-HSA. Identification of radioactive metabolites excreted in rabbit's urine 1 hour after injection of 99mTc-DTPA-HSA or indicated that no decomposition of 99mTc-DTPA-HSA was found, while in of 99mTc-HSA degradation was obvious. The liver blood pool imaging and the gated cardiac blood pool imaging were performed using 99mTc-DTPA-HSA demonstrating satisfactory results in 10 cases and also no toxic effects were observed

  8. Clearance of technetium-99m-DTPA and HRCT findings in the evaluation of patients with Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karkavitsas Nikolaos

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Clearance of inhaled technetium-labeled diethylenetriamine pentaacetate (99mTc-DTPA is a marker of epithelial damage and an index of lung epithelial permeability. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of 99mTc-DTPA scan in patients with Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF. Our hypothesis is that the rate of pulmonary 99mTc-DTPA clearance could be associated with extent of High Resolution Computed Tomography (HRCT abnormalities, cell differential of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF and pulmonary function tests (PFTs in patients with IPF. Methods We studied prospectively 18 patients (14 male, 4 female of median age 67yr (range 55–81 with histologically proven IPF. HRCT scoring included the mean values of extent of disease. Mean values of these percentages represented the Total Interstitial Disease Score (TID. DTPA clearance was analyzed according to a dynamic study using a Venticis II radioaerosol delivery system. Results The mean (SD TID score was 36 ± 12%, 3 patients had mild, 11 moderate and 4 severe TID. Abnormal DTPA clearance half-time (t1/2 Conclusion Our data suggest that 99mTc-DTPA lung scan is not well associated with HRCT abnormalities, PFTs, and BALF cellularity in patients with IPF. Further studies in large scale of patients are needed to define the role of this technique in pulmonary fibrosis.

  9. Evaluation of lung epithelial permeability in the volatile substance abuse using Tc-99m DTPA aerosol scintigraphy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chronic inhalant use is associated with significant toxic effects, including neurological, renal, hepatic, and pulmonary damage. However, there is a paucity of reports regarding respiratory complications in inhalant abusers. The aim of this study was to evaluate pulmonary epithelial permeability in the volatile substance abuse (VSA) using technetium-99m-labeled diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Tc-99m DTPA) aerosol scintigraphy. This study included 18 patients with volatile substance abuse and 18 volunteer controls. All of patients and controls were smokers. Tc-99m DTPA aerosol scintigraphy was performed in all cases. Time-activity curves from each lung were generated and clearance half-time (T1/2) of Tc-99m DTPA were calculated. T1/2 of whole lung was calculated as a mean of the T1/2 of left and right lung. The T1/2 values of Tc-99m DTPA clearance in the substance abusers were significantly decreased as compared to the control group with respective mean values of 28.86±8.44, and 62.14±26.12 min (p=0.001). It was seen Tc-99m DTPA clearance from lung was faster as the duration of substance abuse was increased. Tc-99m DTPA pulmonary clearance is markedly accelerated in the volatile substance abuse. This suggests that inhalant abuse of substance may produce abnormalities in pulmonary alveolo-capillary membrane function. (author)

  10. Gadolinium-DTPA: value in MR imaging of extraspinal musculoskeletal infections

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine if paramagnetic contrast agents can improve the detection, delineation, and characterization of extraspinal musculoskeletal infections (MSI) on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, 42 patients with clinical suspicion of MSI underwent MR imaging before and after intravenous administration of gadolinium-DTPA. The lesions consisted of 27 proven infections and 15 noninfective conditions. Specificity and accuracy in identifying infective lesions averaged 80% and 84%, respectively, on precontrast studies and 80% and 89% on the enhanced examinations, with no statistically significant difference. Rim enhancement around abscess loculi was the only pathognomonic sign of infection seen in ten patients with chronic osteomyelitis and pyogenic or tuberculous infections. In 17 patients with acute osteomyelitis, brucellosis, or mycetoma, detection and delineation of the lesions were best on precontrast studies, while postcontrast examinations resulted in underestimation of the extent of abnormalities in all cases. We conclude that intravenous gadolinium-DTPA has limited usefulness in the MR evaluation of extraspinal MSI. (orig.)

  11. Spin-lattice relaxation in muscle with high concentrations of Gd-DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High concentration of Gd-DTPA in extracellular water causes the intrinsic relaxation rate of water to become shorter than the coupling rate between intra- and extra-cellular water compartments. The fast exchange limit is no longer valid, and distinctly nonexponential spin- lattice recovery should be observed. In this study, striated muscle from Fisher rats is immersed in a highly concentrated (110 mM), isotonic solution of Gd-DTPA, which causes the break of a relaxation recovery into a double exponential curve. Analysis by a two-compartment exchange model yields a value of 50-70 S-1 for the water-exchange rate through cell membranes in intact muscle tissue

  12. Glomerular filtration in kidney recipients measured by plasma clearance of 169Yb-DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Values of 169Yb-DTPA clearance (CDTPA) calculated after a single injection were compared in 26 recipients of kidneys with renal clearance of inulin (Cin), polyfructosan S (Cpf) and creatinine (Ccr). In 21 patients the examinations were made simultaneously, in 5 patients CDTPA was measured within a short interval after the examination of renal clearance. The mean CDTPA values did not significantly differ from Ccr but were significantly higher (pin and Cpf (by 33% on average). Investigation of changes in CDTPA as compared with Cin and Cpf showed no significant difference in glomerular filtration (GF). This was measured using inulin and polyfructosan. The results showed that the differing molecular weight of inulin and polyfructosan S had no detectable effect on the GF of kidney recipients. The plasma clearance of 169Yb-DTPA similarly to Ccr overestimates the GF measured by inulin and polyfructosan clearance. (author)

  13. Time course of epidural scar enhancement with Gd-DTPA in an animal model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In eight beagles following laminectomies, dynamic contrast enhancement of posterior epidural scar was assessed sequentially over 4 months by means of FLASH sequence (20/10/50) following Gd-DTPA. A consistent pattern of enhancement was apparent in all dogs. Maximum enhancement occurred after 1 month (80%-130%), with peak enhancement at 7-10 minutes. There was decreased enhancement each succeeding month with a similar time to peak. Time curves were obtained for blood, muscle, and scar following injection of 40 μCi Gd-153 DTPA and correlated well with in vivo MR image intensities. Histology showed granulation tissue early following surgery, which matured to scar by 4 months. These findings are in contrast to reports of enhancement of anterior scar in humans irrespective of age. The difference may be secondary to location in that posterior scar does not receive the trauma and stress acting on anterior scar associated with a degenerative disk

  14. Clearance of 99mTc-DTPA and experimentally increased alveolar surfactant content

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors measured clearance of 99mTc-labeled diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (99mTc-DTPA) in rabbits with experimentally increased alveolar surfactant content. In one group of animals, surfactant production was increased by treatment with ambroxol, and another group of animals was treated with tracheal instillation of natural surfactant. A group of untreated control animals and animals treated with instillation of saline were also studied. Clearance was measured during standard conditions of mechanical ventilation and during ventilation with large tidal volumes. In ambroxol- and surfactant-treated groups, clearance rate was reduced compared with untreated control animals. In contrast, clearance rate increased after saline instillation. The differences were observed at both modes of ventilation. The findings indicate that the pulmonary surfactant system is a rate-limiting factor for the clearance of 99mTc-DTPA and that the volume dependence of clearance is not explained by stretching of the alveolar wall only. 28 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab

  15. 99mTc-DTPA renography before and after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for renal calculi

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study was undertaken to evaluate 99mTc-DTPA renography before and after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). Twelve patients with renal calculi were examined in this study. In three patients, bilateral kidneys were treated with ESWL. Sequential renal images of the vascular phase, and the functional and excretory phases were taken using a gamma camera (ZLC 7500, Siemens), after intravenous injection of 555 MBq of 99mTc-DTPA. Renograms were generated using data stored every 10 seconds for a period of 30 minutes by computer (Scintipac-2400, Shimadzu). Some treated kidneys were enlarged and/or showed uniform retention of radioactivity on sequential images, within a week after ESWL. Renogram patterns after ESWL were varied in each patient. The renogram findings after ESWL seemed to be affected by the presence or absence of stone fragments in the urinary tract. (author)

  16. Gadolinium-DTPA: value in MR imaging of extraspinal musculoskeletal infections

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haddad, M.C. [Dept. of Radiology, Riyadh Armed Forces Hospital, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia); Sharif, H.S. [Dept. of Radiology, Riyadh Armed Forces Hospital, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia); Aabed, M.Y. [Dept. of Radiology, Riyadh Armed Forces Hospital, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia); Al Shahed, M.S. [Dept. of Radiology, Riyadh Armed Forces Hospital, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia); Sammak, B.M. [Dept. of Radiology, Riyadh Armed Forces Hospital, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia); Clark, D.C. [Dept. of Radiology, Riyadh Armed Forces Hospital, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia)

    1993-12-01

    To determine if paramagnetic contrast agents can improve the detection, delineation, and characterization of extraspinal musculoskeletal infections (MSI) on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, 42 patients with clinical suspicion of MSI underwent MR imaging before and after intravenous administration of gadolinium-DTPA. The lesions consisted of 27 proven infections and 15 noninfective conditions. Specificity and accuracy in identifying infective lesions averaged 80% and 84%, respectively, on precontrast studies and 80% and 89% on the enhanced examinations, with no statistically significant difference. Rim enhancement around abscess loculi was the only pathognomonic sign of infection seen in ten patients with chronic osteomyelitis and pyogenic or tuberculous infections. In 17 patients with acute osteomyelitis, brucellosis, or mycetoma, detection and delineation of the lesions were best on precontrast studies, while postcontrast examinations resulted in underestimation of the extent of abnormalities in all cases. We conclude that intravenous gadolinium-DTPA has limited usefulness in the MR evaluation of extraspinal MSI. (orig.)

  17. 99mTc-EDTA and 99mTc-DTPA complexes as hydrological tracers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The [99mTc-DTPA]2- and [99mTc-EDTA]1- were evaluated as radiotracers for short time hydrological studies. Their complex stability after labelling with 9.25 GBq of 99mTc, the behaviour against pH variations, from 5 to 9, in simulated solutions and in natural river waters and the sorption of these compounds on the river sediments, were tested in laboratory experiments. Finally field double tracing experiments were carried out for each of labelling complexes and Rhodamine WT. From recovery calculations not losses of the 99mTc activity were observed. The shape of the RTD curves of the [99mTc-DTPA]2- and [99mTc-EDTA]1were quite similar to the Rhodamine Wt ones. May be concluded that both complexes behaved conservatively on the studied environmental conditions. (author)

  18. Preparation and biodistribution in mice of 99mTc-DTPA-b-cyanocobalamin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cyanocobalamin (CNCbl), a kind of vitamin B12 (cobalamin, Cbl), which has a special binding capability to rapid dividing cells and proliferating tissue, especially tumors, has been modified and labeled by 99mTc. The optimal labeling condition was determined, and the biodistribution of 99mTc-DTPA-b-CNCbl both in normal mice and TA2 mice bearing MA891 mammary tumors were studied. 99mTc-DTPA-b-CNCbl showed low uptake and rapid clearance in nontarget tissues, and renal excretion. About 40% of uptake at 1 hour remained in the tumor at 12 hours p.i. The satisfying ratio of T/NT was acquired at 6 hours p.i. (author)

  19. Gadolinium-DTPA-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of musculoskeletal infectious processes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to assess whether gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides diagnostic information beyond that given by nonenhanced imaging in the evaluation of musculoskeletal infectious processes and whether it can be used for differentiating infectious from noninfectious inflammatory lesions. Magnetic resonance images performed with and without intravenous gadolinium-DTPA in 34 cases in which musculoskeletal infection had been clinically suspected were reviewed. Infectious lesions-including osteomyelitis, pyarthrosis, abscess, and cellulitis-were confirmed in a total of 22 cases: in 15 by biopsy or drainage and in 7 by clinical course. Our results show that gadolinium-DTPA-enhanced MRI is a highly sensitive technique in diagnosing musculoskeletal infectious lesions. It is especially useful in distinguishing abscesses from surrounding cellulitis/myositis. Lack of contrast enhancement rules out infection with a high degree of certainty. However, contrast enhancement cannot be used to reliably distinguish infectious from noninfectious inflammatory conditions. (orig.)

  20. Gd-DTPA-enhanced MR imaging in persistent and recurrent hyperparathyroidism

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors report on their study to improve preoperative diagnosis of parathyroid adenomas in patients with persistent or recurrent hyperparathyroidism by using Gd-DTPA-enhanced T1-weighted spin-echo (SE) sequences. Nine patients with 10 parathyroid adenomas were studied with T1-weighted and T2-weighted SE sequences prior to injection of Gd-DTPA followed by T1-weighted SE sequences 1 and 10 minutes after the injection. Five-millimeter sections were obtained with use of a surface coil at 1.5T. MR findings were corroborated by means of clinical laboratory and radio isotope studies, surgery, and histology. The signal enhancement ratios (SER) and percentage contrast were recalculated with thyroid, muscle, and fat as reference tissues

  1. Macroeconomic Derivatives: An Initial Analysis of Market-Based Macro Forecasts, Uncertainty and Risk

    OpenAIRE

    Refet S. Gürkaynak; Wolfers, Justin

    2005-01-01

    In September 2002, a new market in %u201CEconomic Derivatives%u201D was launched allowing traders to take positions on future values of several macroeconomic data releases. We provide an initial analysis of the prices of these options. We find that market-based measures of expectations are similar to survey-based forecasts although the market-based measures somewhat more accurately predict financial market responses to surprises in data. These markets also provide implied probabilities of the...

  2. Synthesis and enhanced neuroprotective activity of C60-based ebselen derivatives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, X.-F. [Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology, Dept. of Chemistry, Wuhan (China); Hubei Univ., Ministry of Education Key Lab. for the Synthesis and Application of Organic Functional Molecules, Wuhan (China); Guan, W.-C. [Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology, Dept. of Chemistry, Wuhan (China)], E-mail: wcguan04@yahoo.com.cn; Ke, W.-S. [Hubei Univ., College of Life Science, Wuhan (China)

    2007-03-15

    A C{sub 60}-based ebselen derivative 4 was synthesized through the cycloaddition of C{sub 60} with the azide (3) containing the ebselen component. It was obtained in a four-step synthesis starting from 2-(chloroseleno)benzoyl chloride and 2-(2-aminoethoxy)ethanol in 53% yield (based on consumed C{sub 60}). Its structure was characterized by {sup 1}H NMR, {sup 13}C NMR, IR, UV, and FAB-MS. To verify that the C{sub 60}-based ebselen derivative 4 had enhanced antioxidative and neuroprotective activity, the C{sub 60} derivative 5 and the ebselen derivative 6 were selected to treat cortical neuronal cells using the same procedures as with the C{sub 60}-based ebselen derivative 4. The cellular viability of different derivative treatment groups was estimated by LDH leakage assay and MTT assay. At the same final concentration (30 {mu}mol/L), the results showed that the antioxidative and protective potencies of the C{sub 60}-based ebselen derivative 4 (MTT (OD) 0.340 {+-} 0.035, LDH release (UL{sup -1}) 4.80 {+-} 0.16) against H{sub 2}O{sub 2}-mediated neuronal injury have an advantage over those of C{sub 60} derivative 5 (MTT (OD) 0.297 {+-} 0.036, LDH release (UL{sup -1}) 5.37 {+-} 0.31) and ebselen derivative 6 (MTT (OD) 0.267 {+-} 0.027, LDH release (UL{sup -1}) 5.85 {+-} 0.26). Correspondingly, the GPX activity of 4 (1.62 U/{mu}mol) was higher than that of 5 (0.77 U/{mu}mol) and 6 (1.24 U/{mu}mol). These findings demonstrate that the incorporation of two components with similar biological activity (C{sub 60} component and ebselen component) may be a desirable way of obtaining a new and more biologically effective C{sub 60}-based compound. (author)

  3. Control of tumor perfusion of shockwave-treated tumors by MRI and Gd-DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The signal characteristics of 14 shockwave-treated and 14 solid control tumors were studied before and after injection of Gd-DTPA in an animal model. T1 weighted images of shochwave-treated tumors documented no significant signal intensity increase after contrast media injection in comparison with the untreated control tumors. The reduction of perfusion in shockwave-treated tumors can be documented in vivo by the signal intensity changes of the tumors after contrast media injection. (orig.)

  4. Preparation and initial characterization of biodegradable particles containing gadolinium-DTPA contrast agent for enhanced MRI

    OpenAIRE

    Doiron, Amber L.; Chu, Kevin; Ali, Adeel; Brannon-Peppas, Lisa

    2008-01-01

    Accurate imaging of atherosclerosis is a growing necessity for timely treatment of the disease. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a promising technique for plaque imaging. The goal of this study was to create polymeric particles of a small size with high loading of diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid gadolinium (III) (Gd-DTPA) and demonstrate their usefulness for MRI. A water-in-oil-in-oil double emulsion solvent evaporation technique was used to encapsulate the MRI agent in a poly(lactide-c...

  5. The use of technetium-99m-DTPA in the diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As 82Br is not available locally in South West Africa on a daily basis a technetium preparation, 99mTc-DTPA, was used in the diagnosis of patients with tuberculous meningitis. The 99mTc-DTPA partition test was compared with the 82Br partition test on 22 trial subjects. The trial subjects varied in age (0,8-57 years), sex and race. There were 7 patients diagnosed by the clinicians as having tuberculous meningitis. All patients were placed on anti-tuberculous meningitis treatment and all, except 2, one of whom regressed and 1 who died 7 days later, improved slowly. The 9 patients with viral meningitis received no antibiotics and recovered rapidly on symptomatic treatment only. With all 5 the septic meningitis cases, the organism was identified and there was thus no diagnostic uncertainty. One normal control subject was also examined. It would appear from the results that both 82Br, as well as 99mTc-DTPA, cross the blood-brain barrier to a greater extent in the case of tuberculous meningitis, compared to viral meningitis. Although the accuracy of the 82Br test, if a critical ratio value of 1,3 was chosen, is 90,6% compared to 86,9% of the 99mTc-DTPA partition test if a critical ratio value of 3 was chosen, there are still advantages to the use of the technetium preparation. These include the availability, cost and lower radiation dose per MBq as well as the possibility of brain imaging. 10 figs., 58 refs., 9 tabs

  6. Furosemide-assisted diuretic sup(99m)Tc-DTPA renography in obstructive uropathy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Diuretic sup(99m)Tc-DTPA renography assisted with furosemide was performed in 45 patients with obstructive uropathy and in 93 patients without obstruction. After hydration of 300 ml of water, 20 mg of furosemide (0.5 mg/kg in children) was injected intravenously 15 min. following 8 mCi of sup(99m)Tc-DTPA administration. To evaluate the effect of furosemide on urinary excretion, the excretion half time (T1/2) was obtained from the faster component on the sup(99m)Tc-DTPA excretion curve by two compartment analysis. T1/2 of upper limit was 2.5 min. 80% of patients with obstruction showed a prolonged T1/2. And 57% of patients with non-obstructive renal parenchymal damage also showed a prolonged T1/2. Therefore, it was difficult to separate the patients with obstructive uropathy from the patients with renal parenchymal damage by the results of prolonged T1/2 alone. However, it became quite helpful to separate these two different patients with prolonged T1/2 by evaluating serial dynamic images and renogram. Although frequently seen in patients without obstruction, ''socalled'' obstructive findings (radionuclide retention in the pelvicalyceal system and obstructive pattern on renogram) were rarely seen in the prolonged T1/2 patients with renal parenchymal damage. With the combined criteria of obstructive findings and prolonged T1/2, 71% of the patients with obstruction were correctly detected, and only 5% of false positives were observed among 93 patients without obstruction. It is suggested that diuretic renography can be useful to differentiate obstructive uropathy from non-obstructive disease in cases of obstructive findings on conventional sup(99m)Tc-DTPA renography. (J.P.N.)

  7. Clinical diagnostic application of 111In-DTPA-octreotide scintigraphy in small cell lung cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaccarili, M; Lococo, A; Fabiani, F; Staffilano, A

    2000-01-01

    Some years ago it was proved that a good percentage of small cell lung cancers, classified among cancers of the APUD system, produces somatostatin receptors that can be detected in vivo by scintigraphy with 111In-DTPA-octreotide. With the method in the whole body it is possible to identify the principal neoformation and the probable metastases. The authors present a study of 21 patients afflicted with small cell lung cancer diagnosed histologically. The study, carried out between January 1995 and December 1997, compared the radiologic iconography of the CT scan with the scintigraphic map obtained by a planar scintigraphy and in SPECT 1, 4 and 24-hr after iv injection of 110 MBq of 111In-DTPA-octreotide. The comparison was made with reference to the principal neoplasm and probable metastases. A scintigraphic study, a CT of restaging and a follow-up, done after 3 and 6 months of chemotherapy, on 15 patients with cancer that produces somatostatin receptors proved that the neoplasm sometimes regresses and sometimes progresses. In the latter case, it is possible to identify cerebral, mediastinal and hepatic metastases with the administration of 200 microg of octreotide 3 times a day for 7 days before the scintigraphy. In fact, the administration lowers background activity. The authors concluded that scintigraphy with 111In-DTPA-octreotide plays an important part in the study of patients afflicted with small cell lung cancer. Scintigraphy identifies the subgroups of patients who can be cured with somatostatin analogues together with chemotherapy. Scintigraphy presents a good sensibility in the re-staging and in the follow-up of patients who are treated, even though it is difficult to identify subdiaphragmatic metastases where liver, spleen and kidney show an increase in 111In-DTPA-octreotide. PMID:10939603

  8. The assessment of the patency of peritoneo-venous shunt with Tc99m-DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The patency of a LeVeen peritoneo-venous shunt was assessed with a radiopharmaceutical Tcsup(99m)-DTPA, Tcsup(99m)-sulphur colloid was used previously for this purpose Tcsup(99m)-DTPA was given intraperitoneally in three patients with ascites and the blood activity was determined. The radioactivity in the blood was found to be minimal and this was attributed to free pertechnetate. The kidneys and the bladder could not be demonstrated at 45 minutes. This also shows that the minimal activity in the blood was negligible for scintigraphic studies. The valve or the peritoneal tubing of the LeVeen shunt are sometimes occluded with a trombus or clot. So if the proximal part of the tube is demonstrated scintigraphically, it shows that the valve is functioning. But if the distal end of the tubing is occluded, this study will give a false-negative result. It can be claimed that if Tcsup(99m)-sulphur colloid is found in the blood, the shunt will be accepted as patent. The demonstration of the liver in 60 minutes after intraperitoneal injection shows the patency of the shunt precisely. But, demonstration of liver later than 60 min is not an evidence for a patent shunt. As seen with the shunt, after the intraperitoneal injection of Tcsup(99m)-DTPA, the tubing was demonstrated in 5 minutes and the kidneys and bladder in 15 minutes. This finding rules out any distal occlusion of the tubing of the shunt. Another indirect finding to assess the patency of the shunt is the increased background activity after 30 minutes in the chest. The advantages of using Tcsup(99m)-DTPA over Tcsup(99m) sulphur colloid are homogeneous distribution of the radiopharmaceutical in the ascitic fluid more rapid assessment of the patency of the shunt and lower radiation dose to the patient

  9. Design of Ion-Exchange Resins Through EDTA and DTPA Modified Ligands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2014-07-01

    Catechol, resorcinol, and their admixtures with EDTA and DTPA moieties were converted into polymeric resins by alkaline polycondensation with formaldehyde. The resins were characterized by FTIR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, ion-exchange capacity, and distribution coefficient (D for heavy metal and radionuclide such as Cs and Sr. 137Cs and 90Sr constitutes a major source of heat in nuclear waste streams and in regards to recent nuclear event their remediation in complex solution – sea water - represent an important issue.

  10. Gd-DTPA enhancement of the facial nerve in Ramsay Hunt's syndrome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kato, Tsutomu; Yanagida, Masahiro; Yamauchi, Yasuo (Kansai Medical School, Moriguchi, Osaka (Japan)) (and others)

    1992-10-01

    A total of 21 MR images in 16 Ramsay Hunt's syndrome were evaluated. In all images, the involved side of peripheral facial nerve were enhanced in intensity after Gd-DTPA. However, 2 cases had recovered facial palsy when MR images were taken. Nine of 19 cases with the enhancement of internal auditory canal portion had vertigo or tinnitus. Thus, it was suggested that the enhancement of internal auditory canal portion and clinical feature are closely related. (author).

  11. Effect of increased surface tension and assisted ventilation on /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA clearance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experiments were performed to determine the effects of conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV) and high-frequency oscillation (HFO) on the clearance of technetium-99m-labeled diethylenetriamine pentaacetate (/sup 99m/Tc-DTPA) from lungs with altered surface tension properties. A submicronic aerosol of /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA was insufflated into the lungs of anesthetized, tracheotomized rabbits before and 1 h after the administration of the aerosolized detergent dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate (OT). Rabbits were ventilated by one of four methods: 1) spontaneous breathing; 2) CMV at 12 cmH2O mean airway pressure (MAP); 3) HFO at 12 cmH2O MAP; 4) HFO at 16 cmH2O MAP. Administration of OT resulted in decreased arterial PO2 (PaO2), increased lung wet-to-dry weight ratios, and abnormal lung pressure-volume relationships, compatible with increased surface tension. /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA clearance was accelerated after OT in all groups. The post-OT rate of clearance (k) was significantly faster (P less than 0.05) in the CMV at 12 cmH2O MAP [k = 7.57 +/- 0.71%/min (SE)] and HFO at 16 cmH2O MAP (k = 6.92 +/- 0.61%/min) groups than in the spontaneously breathing (k = 4.32 +/- 0.55%/min) and HFO at 12 cmH2O MAP (4.68 +/- 0.63%/min) groups. The clearance curves were biexponential in the former two groups. We conclude that pulmonary clearance of /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA is accelerated in high surface tension pulmonary edema, and this effect is enhanced by both conventional ventilation and HFO at high mean airway pressure

  12. Permeability of the bronchial mucosa to /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA in asthma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Previous investigators, using 99mTc-DTPA aerosol as a marker to assess epithelial permeability in asthma, did not find an increased permeability in this group. However, they either failed to deliver the aerosol to the optimal site (bronchial mucosa, not alveoli) or failed to account for mucociliary clearance in analyzing their results. We studied 10 asthmatics and eight age-matched control subjects using a dosimeter (Spira-Elektra 2) and a carefully controlled breathing pattern to deliver aerosol to the subjects' airways. Two aerosols were delivered on separate days in each patient; 99mTc-DTPA aerosol, and 99mTc-HSA (human serum albumin), using similar breathing patterns to ensure reproducibility of the deposition pattern with the two aerosols. From measurements of retention versus time over a 1-h period, rate constants Ktot and Km were determined for the clearance of 99mTc-DTPA and 99mTc-HSA, respectively. By modelling the airways as a single compartment with two possible routes of clearance, we determined the permeability rate constant, Kp, as Ktot minus Km. There was no significant difference between Ktot in normal subjects and asthmatics; however, because of the slower mucociliary clearance in the asthmatic group, and the relative importance of mucociliary clearance in determining the washout of 99mTc-DTPA aerosol, there was a significant difference in airway permeability between the normal subjects and the asthmatics (t1/2 = 296 min +/- 141 SD and 126 min +/- 58, p less than 0.01, in normal subjects and asthmatics, respectively)

  13. Separation of Am, Cm from Pm by elution chromatography with DTPA-lactic acid mixed solution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effect of various factors on the separation of Am and Cm from Pm in the cation exchange-DPTA (diethylenetiaminepenlaacetic acid)-lactic acid system is studied, such as the concentration of DTPA, pH of the eluant, temperature and flow rate. Separation results show that the recovery of Am and Cm is 99.18% and the decontamination factor of Am, Cm from Pm is 431

  14. Gd-DTPA enhancement of the facial nerve in Ramsay Hunt's syndrome

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A total of 21 MR images in 16 Ramsay Hunt's syndrome were evaluated. In all images, the involved side of peripheral facial nerve were enhanced in intensity after Gd-DTPA. However, 2 cases had recovered facial palsy when MR images were taken. Nine of 19 cases with the enhancement of internal auditory canal portion had vertigo or tinnitus. Thus, it was suggested that the enhancement of internal auditory canal portion and clinical feature are closely related. (author)

  15. CFD Based Determination of Dynamic Stability Derivatives in Yaw for a Bird

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    M. A. Moelyadi; G. Sachs

    2007-01-01

    Dynamic yaw stability derivatives of a gull bird are determined using Computational Fluid Dynamics(CFD) method. Two kinds of motions are applied for calculating the dynamic yaw stability derivatives CNr and CNβ. The first one relates to a lateral translation and, separately, to a yaw rotation. The second one consists of a combined translational and rotational motion. To determine dynamic yaw stability derivatives, the simulation of an unsteady flow with a bird model showing a harmonic motion is performed. The flow solution for each time step is obtained by solving unsteady Euler equations based on a finite volume approach for a small reduced frequency. Then, an evaluation of unsteady forces and moments for one cycle is conducted using harmonic Fourier analysis. The results of the dynamic yaw stability derivatives for both simulations of the model show a good agreement.

  16. Development of [{sup 201}Tl](III)-DTPA-human polyclonal antibody complex for inflammation detection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jalilian, A.R.; Kamali-Dehghan, M.; Kamrani, Y.Y. [Nuclear Research Center for Agriculture and Medicine, Karaj (Iran). Cyclotron and Nuclear Medicine Dept.; Khorrami, A.; Tavakoli, M.B. [Medical Sciences Univ. of Isfahan (Iran). Medical Physics and Engineering Dept.

    2007-07-01

    Thallium-201 (T{sub 1/2}=3.04 d) in Tl{sup +} form was converted to Tl{sup 3+} cation in presence of O{sub 3} in 6 M HCl controlled by RTLC/gel electrophoresis methods and used in the labeling of human polyclonal antibody (HIgG) after conjugation with freshly prepared cyclic DTPA-dianhydride. The best results of the conjugation were obtained by the addition of 1 mL of a HIgG pharmaceutical solution (5 mg/ml, in phosphate buffer, pH=7) to a glass tube pre-coated with DTPA-dianhydride (0.01 mg) at 25 C with continuous mild stirring for 30 min. The final isotonic [{sup 201}Tl](III)-DTPA-HIgG complex was checked by radio-TLC using several solvent systems to ensure the formation of only one species followed by filtration through a 0.22 {mu} filter (specific activity= 33.7 TBq/mM, radiochemical purity >95%). Preliminary bio-distribution studies in normal and inflammation-bearing rats were performed. The target/skin and target/blood ratios were 4 and 6 after 28 h respectively, showing the selectivity of the radiopharmaceutical for the inflammatory lesions. (orig.)

  17. Chelation of curium in the adult baboon using Ca- and Zn-DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effectiveness of Ca-DTPA in removing internally deposited Cm-243, 244 was tested in the baboon at 1.5 and 8-month intervals between injection of Cm-243, 244 and treatment. Four young adult female baboons were injected IV with the radionuclides in citrate form. Ca-DTPA was administered three times in five days on alternate days beginning at 1.5 months in one baboon and at 8 months in another. The two remaining control baboons were administered physiological saline only. In vivo counting was performed to determine the total body, skeletal, and liver retention before, during and after chelation therapy. All urine and feces were collected and the Cm-243, 244 content of each was determined daily. A comparison of the efficacy of chelate therapy with Cm-243, 244 and Am-241 when treatment was delayed for 1.5 months after Am-241 injection showed that Ca-DTPA is more effective in enhancing the excretion of established burdens of Cm-243, 244 than that of Am-241 by approximately 34 percent in the urine and 87 percent in the feces during the first seven days after initiation of therapy

  18. Assessment of renal function with 99Tcm-DTPA renal dynamic imaging in neonatal hydronephrosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To assess the renal function in neonatal hydronephrosis with 99Tcm-DTPA renal imaging. Methods: Eighteen unilateral hydronephrotic kidneys and 12 normal kidneys were studied by 99Tcm-DTPA renal dynamic imaging , and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) quantitative analysis was also performed. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine (SCr) and hemoglobin (Hb) were determined simultaneously and the correlations between GFR and each of these parameters were analyzed. Results: Positive correlation was discovered between GFR and Hb in neonates with moderate or severe hydronephrosis (r=0.414, 0.667, P0.05). The renal function was decreased significantly in moderate and severe neonatal hydronephrosis (P99Tcm-DTPA renal dynamic imaging GFR is an ideal marker for estimating renal function in neonatal hydronephrosis; SCr could be a marker for renal damage especially in moderate and severe neonatal hydronephrosis; BUN could not be a marker for evaluating renal function in neonatal hydronephrosis. Neonates with hydronephrosis should be referred for surgical procedures as soon as possible in the early stage

  19. Magnetic resonance imaging of cerebral infarction: Time course of Gd-DTPA enhancement and CT comparison

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thirty-five patients (7 females and 28 males) with cerebral infarction and suspicion of cerebral infarction of 4 h to 27 months duration were studied 45 times with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging using Gd-DTPA. Spin echo (SE) images were obtained before and after the administration of Gd-DTPA (0.1 or 0.15 mmol/kg) and compared with the enhanced CT. MR imaging using Gd-DTPA was more sensitive than enhanced CT and very useful for detecting a new focus of cerebral infarction, especially in the cases with multiple infarcted areas and for showing the extent of cortical and subcortical infarction. In most cases the MR enhancement was obvious in the subacute stage, especially after cerebral embolism, and the signal intensity of the lesion tended to show a gradual increase. The diagnosis of embolism was accepted on the basis of acute onset without prior TIA, coupled with angiography showing the embolus itself and/or a capillary blush and a wide area of infarction. (orig.)

  20. Preparation and evaluation of [201Tl](III)-DTPA complex for cell labeling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Due to interesting physical properties and wide availability of 201Tl as a SPECT radionuclide, the incorporation of this nuclide into DTPA for cell labeling was targeted. Thallium-201 (T1/2 = 3.04 d) in Tl+ form was converted to Tl3+ cation in the presence of O3/6M HCl and di-isopropyl ether, controlled by RTLC/gel electrophoresis methods. The final evaporated activity reacted with cDTPA in normal saline to yield [201Tl](III)DTPA at room temperature after 0.5 hour, followed by solid phase extraction purification using C18 Sep-Pak column (radiochemical yield >95%). Radiochemical purity of more than 99% was obtained using RTLC with specific activity of about 260 GBq/mmol. The stability of the tracer was checked in the final product in the presence of human serum at 37 deg C up to 3 days. The partition coefficient was also measured. The labeled compound was used in red blood cell (RBC) labeling. The cell uptake ratio was determined at 4, 25 and 37 deg C up to 3 hours. (author)

  1. MR imaging of the cochlear modiolus after intratympanic administration of Gd-DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We evaluated whether enhancement of the cochlear modiolus could be visualized 24 hours after intratympanic injection of gadolinium diethylenetriamine penta-acetic acid (Gd-DTPA) using a 3-dimensional real inversion recovery sequence combined with a 32-channel head coil at 3 tesla. Intratympanic injection of Gd-DTPA has been reported for visualizing endolymphatic hydrops in Meniere's disease, and its use has shown communication between the cochlear perilymph and cerebrospinal fluid in the internal auditory canal. Although the cochlear modiolus has been considered the route for this communication, this has not been confirmed through direct visualization of its enhancement. We qualitatively and quantitatively evaluated the presence of contrast enhancement in the modiolus in 19 patients with clinically suspected endolymphatic hydrops or hearing loss who underwent imaging as described above. The contrast ratio (CR) between the cochlear modiolus and cerebellar white matter on the injected side was 1.09±1.23, and that on the non-injected side was -0.48±0.38 (P<0.01). In all subjects, the CR value was larger on the injected than non-injected side, and enhancement of the cochlear modiolus was also recognized visually. Intratympanic Gd-DTPA can be administered to visualize enhancement of the cochlear modiolus and may thereby reveal its functional anatomy. (author)

  2. Pulmonary clearance of 99mTc-DTPA aerosol in patients with progressive systemic scleroderma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alveolar epithelial permeability was assessed in 32 patients with progressive systemic scleroderma (PSS), using 99mTc-DTPA aerosol. Immediately after the inhalation of 99mTc-DTPA aerosol for 3 to 6 minutes under normal tidal breathing, lung was imaged sequentially for 30 minutes from the posterior by a gamma camera and exponential fitting was processed on the time activity curve. T1/2 (min) was used as a parameter for the evaluation of permeability of alveolar epithelium. Patients with collagen disease showed shorter T1/2 (T1/2=43.7±23.8 min) than the normal volunteers (T1/2=76.8±8.7 min). No significant difference was observed between patients with or without interstitial changes on the chest CT. Significant correlation was not observed between T1/2 and %VC or %DLco. In 8 cases, studies were repeated in the interval of 3 to 19 months. Improvement of T1/2 was seen in 4 cases, independent of CT findings. These results suggest that 99mTc-DTPA aerosol clearance study provides information independent from other lung examinations, and may be useful for the assessment of lung interstitial changes in patients with PSS. (author)

  3. Gd-DTPA enhanced dynamic renal MR imaging of experimentally induced crescentic glomerulonephritis in rabbits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of Gd-DTPA-enhanced dynamic MRI (DWRI) in early diagnosis and the assessment of disease processing in experimentally-induced crescentic glomerulonephritis (CGN) in rabbits. In six rabbits, CGN was induced by an injection of anti-glomerular basement membrane Ab. A time-signal intensity curve (TSC) was obtained from DMRI on the day before, and at 1, 4, 7, 15, 45 and 113 days after the induction of CGN. Sequential renal biopsies and blood sampling (serum creatinine) were performed on the same days, and the results of DMRI and TSC, were compared. In normal kidneys, sequential DMRI demonstrated the intratubular passage of Gd-DTPA as an inwardly migrating, thin, dark, band pattern. On days 1 and 4, the thin dark band appeared but was poorly defined and TSC revealed a delay in peak time. On days 7 and 15, movement of the band was seen to be weak and slow, and there was no centripetal migration. The maximal signal intensity of TSC was delayed, and the curves declined very slowly. On days 45 and 113, the dark band pattern was very weak and slow, and again there was no contripedal migration. GD-DTPA-enhanced DMRI may be of value in the evaluation of disease processing and the severity of CGN. (author). 26 refs., 4 figs

  4. The derivative based variance sensitivity analysis for the distribution parameters and its computation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The output variance is an important measure for the performance of a structural system, and it is always influenced by the distribution parameters of inputs. In order to identify the influential distribution parameters and make it clear that how those distribution parameters influence the output variance, this work presents the derivative based variance sensitivity decomposition according to Sobol′s variance decomposition, and proposes the derivative based main and total sensitivity indices. By transforming the derivatives of various orders variance contributions into the form of expectation via kernel function, the proposed main and total sensitivity indices can be seen as the “by-product” of Sobol′s variance based sensitivity analysis without any additional output evaluation. Since Sobol′s variance based sensitivity indices have been computed efficiently by the sparse grid integration method, this work also employs the sparse grid integration method to compute the derivative based main and total sensitivity indices. Several examples are used to demonstrate the rationality of the proposed sensitivity indices and the accuracy of the applied method

  5. Measurement of Regional and Global Pulmonary Clearance of 99mTc-DTPA (Demethylamitriptylene-Acetate): An Index of Alveolar Epithelial Permeability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main purpose of this study has been introduction of a new method for alveoli-capillary permeability evaluation. Many reports pointed out to the altered transit of soluble particles through this barrier. From pathophysiological aspect the main interest is the elucidation of permeability's alteration in different pulmonary pathology. We decided to use for lung epithelial permeability measurements 99mTc-DTPA inhaled aerosols and sequential assessment of its lung clearance. The aerosols were obtained using oxygen flow nebulizers with aerosols' generators Ultra Vent (Malinkrodt) and Venticis II (CIS bio international) that enabled as to get submicron particles. Oxygen flow between 9 and 11 liters per minute was used. Optimum images were obtained with 1480 MBq of inhaled aerosols at least 2 to 3 minutes. DTPA that was used for aerosols labeling had been produced in our Department and the results were compared with DTPA provided by CIS bio international. High correlation between both agents was proven. During the whole study ex tamper prepared radiopharmaceuticals were used and quality control was done using paper chromatography method. Acquisition was done in sitting position with gamma camera interfaced to a ADAC and Scintiview. The measurements lasted for 20 minutes. Data were stored on 64x64 matrices. Regions of interest over both lungs were drown and each one was divided in three segments: apical, medial, and basal. Using computer program curves of 99mTc-DTPA lung clearance were derived. From the obtained time activity curves half-time of the global and the regional lung clearance was assessed. In the control group comprised of 32 healthy volunteers (non-smokers) we had got values, used after works as reference range. Our normal values for global clearance are: 68±5,5 min. for left whole lung, 68,1±6,5 min for right whole lung, and 49±7,7 min for apical, 66,9±8 min for middle, and 75,9±6,4 min basal regional lung clearance, and they are in keeping with the

  6. Design of Chitosan and Its Water Soluble Derivatives-Based Drug Carriers with Polyelectrolyte Complexes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qing-Xi Wu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Chitosan, the cationic polysaccharide derived from the natural polysaccharide chitin, has been studied as a biomaterial for more than two decades. As a polycationic polymer with favorable properties, it has been widely used to form polyelectrolyte complexes with polyanions for various applications in drug delivery fields. In recent years, a growing number of studies have been focused on the preparation of polyelectrolyte complexes based on chitosan and its water soluble derivatives. They have been considered well-suited as biomaterials for a number of vital drug carriers with targeted/controlled release profiles, e.g., films, capsules, microcapsules. In this work, an overview highlights not only the favorable properties of chitosan and its water soluble derivatives but also the good performance of the polyelectrolyte complexes produced based on chitosan. Their various types of applications as drug carriers are reviewed in detail.

  7. Analytical derivation: An epistemic game for solving mathematically based physics problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bajracharya, Rabindra R.; Thompson, John R.

    2016-06-01

    Problem solving, which often involves multiple steps, is an integral part of physics learning and teaching. Using the perspective of the epistemic game, we documented a specific game that is commonly pursued by students while solving mathematically based physics problems: the analytical derivation game. This game involves deriving an equation through symbolic manipulations and routine mathematical operations, usually without any physical interpretation of the processes. This game often creates cognitive obstacles in students, preventing them from using alternative resources or better approaches during problem solving. We conducted hour-long, semi-structured, individual interviews with fourteen introductory physics students. Students were asked to solve four "pseudophysics" problems containing algebraic and graphical representations. The problems required the application of the fundamental theorem of calculus (FTC), which is one of the most frequently used mathematical concepts in physics problem solving. We show that the analytical derivation game is necessary, but not sufficient, to solve mathematically based physics problems, specifically those involving graphical representations.

  8. Synthesis and NO production inhibition of novel Mannich base derivatives of irisolidone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jiao Wang; Ying Zhong; Lu Liu; Xin Quan Ji; Zhi Guo Zhang

    2008-01-01

    Five new C-8 Mannich base derivatives of irisolidone 2a-2e were synthesized and their nitric oxide (NO) production inhibitory activity was evaluated.Compounds 2a,2b,2c and 2e displayed stronger activities in vitro than the parent compound irisolidone.

  9. Sensitivity of diamond-capped impedance transducer to Troger's base derivatives

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Stehlík, Štěpán; Ižák, Tibor; Kromka, Alexander; Dolenský, B.; Havlík, M.; Rezek, Bohuslav

    Hasselt : SBDD XVII, 2012. s. 110-110. [Hasselt Diamond Workshop 2012 - SBDD XVII. 14.03.2012 - 16.03. 2012, Hasselt] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100521 Keywords : Troger's base derivatives * nanocrystalline diamond * molecular receptors * sensors * diamond-capped impedance transducer Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism

  10. A Multi-Fidelity Workflow to Derive Physics-Based Conceptual Design Methods

    OpenAIRE

    Böhnke, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    The present study developed a multi-fidelity workflow to derive physics-based conceptual design methods from models of higher-fidelity usually employed during preliminary aircraft design. The multi-fidelity workflow consists of a design of experiments, a multi-fidelity loop, and symbolic regression as surrogate modeling technique. Results are presented for conventional and unconventional aircraft configurations.

  11. Evaluation of Ferrocene Derivatives as Burn Rate Modifiers in AP/HTPB-Based Composite Propellants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. M. Gore

    1999-04-01

    Full Text Available Some ferrocene derivatives like 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine derivative of acetyl ferrocene, 1-pyrrolidinylmethyl ferrocene, di-ter-butyl ferrocene and 1,3-diferrocenyl-l-butene (DFB have been synthesised and characterised by infrared, nuclear magnetic resonance, ultraviolet, iron content, etc. To study the effect of their incorporation on performance, ammonium perchlorate/hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene-based composite propellants containing these derivatives have been prepared and studied for burn rates, tensile strength and percentage elongation followed by their static test evaluation. A comparison of the properties of propellant containing solid and liquid ferrocene derivatives has been made with those containing Fe/sub 2/O/sub 3/ and n-butyl ferrocene, respectively. The data clearly indicates that these ferrocene derivatives are better than Fe/sub 2/O/sub 3/ and n-butyl errocene. Also, DFB is the best among these derivatives. Like composite propellants, DFB increases burn rate in fuel-rich propellants also.

  12. Synthesis and antitumor evaluation of arctigenin derivatives based on antiausterity strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kudou, Naoki; Taniguchi, Akira; Sugimoto, Kenji; Matsuya, Yuji; Kawasaki, Masashi; Toyooka, Naoki; Miyoshi, Chika; Awale, Suresh; Dibwe, Dya Fita; Esumi, Hiroyasu; Kadota, Shigetoshi; Tezuka, Yasuhiro

    2013-02-01

    A series of new (-)-arctigenin derivatives with variably modified O-alkyl groups were synthesized and their preferential cytotoxicity was evaluated against human pancreatic cancer cell line PANC-1 under nutrient-deprived conditions. The results showed that monoethoxy derivative 4i (PC(50), 0.49 μM), diethoxy derivative 4h (PC(50), 0.66 μM), and triethoxy derivative 4m (PC(50), 0.78 μM) showed the preferential cytotoxicities under nutrient-deprived conditions, which were identical to or more potent than (-)-arctigenin (1) (PC(50), 0.80 μM). Among them, we selected the triethoxy derivative 4m and examined its in vivo antitumor activity using a mouse xenograft model. Triethoxy derivative 4m exhibited also in vivo antitumor activity with the potency identical to or slightly more than (-)-arctigenin (1). These results would suggest that a modification of (-)-arctigenin structure could lead to a new drug based on the antiausterity strategy. PMID:23287053

  13. Synthesis and evaluation of Tc-99m DTPA-glutathione as a non-invasive tumor imaging agent in a mouse colon cancer model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Glutathione (GSH) plays a critical role in detoxification reactions by reducing the levels of reactive oxygen species in cancer cells. This study aimed to develop technetium (Tc)-99m diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA)-GSH as a tumor imaging agent, and to evaluate the diagnostic performance of Tc-99m DTPA-GSH in terms of its ability to differentiate tumors from inflammatory lesions. DTPA-GSH was synthesized by reaction of GSH with DTPA anhydride under anhydrous conditions in a nitrogen atmosphere. DTPA-GSH was then reacted with Tc-99m sodium pertechnetate in a tin (II) chloride (SnCl2) solution. Gamma camera imaging was performed after intravenous injection of Tc-99m DTPA-GSH into a mouse CT-26 colon cancer model, or a mouse model of inflammation induced by the intramuscular injection of Freund's complete adjuvant. DTPA-GSH was successfully prepared via a straightforward synthetic procedure and radiolabeled with Tc-99m at a high labeling efficiency (> 95%). Tc-99m DTPA-GSH was strongly internalized by tumors in colon cancer model mice, with the tumor-to-normal muscle ratio of the complex reaching 4.3 ± 0.9 at 4 h. By contrast, Tc-99m DTPA-GSH showed relatively weak uptake in inflammatory lesions (target-to-non-target ratio=2.0 ± 0.3 at 4 h). A competition study showed that the uptake of Tc-99m DTPA-GSH into tumors was blocked by co-injection with high concentrations of free GSH. The results of this work indicate that Tc-99m DTPA-GSH is a good candidate for development as a non-invasive tumor imaging agent. Furthermore, Tc-99m DTPA-GSH effectively distinguished between cancerous tissue and inflammatory lesions. (author)

  14. Development of {sup 68}Ga-labelled DTPA galactosyl human serum albumin for liver function imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haubner, Roland [Innsbruck Medical University, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Innsbruck (Austria); Medizinische Universitaet Innsbruck, Universitaetsklinik fuer Nuklearmedizin, Innsbruck (Austria); Vera, David R.; Farshchi-Heydari, Salman [University of California, Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, and the UCSD Molecular Imaging Program, San Diego, CA (United States); Helbok, Anna; Rangger, Christine; Putzer, Daniel; Virgolini, Irene J. [Innsbruck Medical University, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Innsbruck (Austria)

    2013-08-15

    The hepatic asialoglycoprotein receptor is responsible for degradation of desialylated glycoproteins through receptor-mediated endocytosis. It has been shown that imaging of the receptor density using [{sup 99m}Tc]diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) galactosyl human serum albumin ([{sup 99m}Tc]GSA) allows non-invasive determination of functional hepatocellular mass. Here we present the synthesis and evaluation of [{sup 68}Ga]GSA for the potential use with positron emission tomography (PET). Labelling of GSA with {sup 68}Ga was carried out using a fractionated elution protocol. For quality control thin-layer chromatography (TLC), high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and size exclusion chromatography (SEC) techniques were evaluated. Stability of [{sup 68}Ga]GSA was studied in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) and human serum. For in vivo evaluation [{sup 68}Ga]GSA distribution in Lewis rats was compared with [{sup 99m}Tc]GSA by using a dual isotope protocol. PET and planar imaging studies were performed using the same scaled molar dose of [{sup 68}Ga]GSA and [{sup 99m}Tc]GSA. Time-activity curves (TAC) for heart and liver were generated and corresponding parameters calculated (t50, t90). [{sup 68}Ga]GSA can be produced with high radiochemical purity. The best TLC methods for determining potential free {sup 68}Ga include 0.1 M sodium citrate as eluent. None of the TLC methods tested were able to determine potential colloids. This can be achieved by SEC. HPLC confirmed high radiochemical purity (>98 %). Stability after 120 min incubation at 37 C was high in PBS (>95 % intact tracer) and low in human serum ({proportional_to}27 % intact tracer). Biodistribution studies simultaneously injecting both tracers showed comparable liver uptake, whereas activity concentration in blood was higher for [{sup 68}Ga]GSA compared to [{sup 99m}Tc]GSA. The [{sup 99m}Tc]GSA TACs exhibited a small degree of hepatic metabolism compared to the [{sup 68}Ga]GSA curves. The mean

  15. Comparison of the biodistribution of 153Gd-labeled Gd(DTPA)2-, Gd(DOTA)-, and Gd(acetate)sub(n) in mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The biodistributions of 153Gd-labeled Gd(DTPA)2-, Gd(DOTA)-, and Gd(acetate)sub(π) were determined in mice at five residence times. Gd(DTPA)2- and Gd(DOTA)- had similar distributions with > 89% renally excreted in 1 h. At 7 days and longer after Gd(DTPA)2- administration, 153Gd bone levels were higher than could be attributed to free 153Gd3+, suggesting that Gd(DTPA)2- dechelates in vivo. Gd(DOTA)- did not appear to dechelate. Gd(acetate)sub(π) did not readily clear and 153Gd levels remained high in liver, lungs, and spleen for 28 days. (author)

  16. The influence of Bz-DOTA and CHX-A''-DTPA on the biodistribution of ABD-fused anti-HER2 Affibody molecules: implications for 114mIn-mediated targeting therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Affibody molecules represent a novel class of high-affinity agents for radionuclide tumour targeting. Fusion of the Affibody molecules with an albumin-binding domain (ABD) enables modification of the blood kinetics of the Affibody molecules and reduction of the renal dose. 177Lu-CHX-A''-DTPA-ABD-(ZHER2:342)2, an anti-HER2 Affibody molecule-ABD fusion protein has earlier demonstrated promising results in treatment of HER2-expressing micro-xenografts in mice. The use of the in vivo generator 114mIn/114In as a label for ABD-fused Affibody molecules would create preconditions for efficient treatment of both micrometastases (due to conversion and Auger electrons of 114mIn) and bulky tumours (due to high-energy beta particles from the daughter nuclide 114In). The goal of this study was to investigate if different chelators influence the biodistribution of ABD-(ZHER2:342)2 and to find an optimal chelator for attachment of 114mIn to the Affibody molecule-ABD fusion protein. Isothiocyanate derivatives of Bz-DOTA and CHX-A''-DTPA were coupled to ABD-(ZHER2:342)2. The cellular processing of both conjugates was studied in vitro. The influence of chelators on the biodistribution was investigated in mice using double isotope (114mIn and 111In) labelling. The apparent affinity of CHX-A''-DTPA-ABD-(ZHER2:342)2 and Bz-DOTA-ABD-(ZHER2:342)2 to the extracellular domain of HER2 was similar, 13.5 and 15.0 pM, respectively. It was found that both conjugates were internalized by SKOV-3 cells. The use of CHX-A''-DTPA provided better cellular retention of the radioactivity, better tumour accumulation of radioactivity and better tumour to organ dose ratios than Bz-DOTA-ABD-(ZHER2:342)2. CHX-A''-DTPA is more suitable for 114mIn labelling of Affibody molecule-ABD fusion proteins for radionuclide therapy. (orig.)

  17. Evaluation of two 99m Tc-DTPA radio aerosols with different characteristics in lung ventilation studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two radio aerosol preparations, TechneScan-DTPA (99mTc-DTPA, 40 mCi/3 ml; IPEN-CNEN, Sao Paulo, S P, Brazil) and TechneScan-DTPA/AEROSOL (99mTc-DTPA/A, 15 mCi/1.5 ml with 0.5 ml ethanol; Mallinckrodt Medical, St. Louis, M O, USA), were compared in pulmonary ventilation studies in terms of total radio counts and clearance after inhalation. An aerosol with ethanol is supposed to better distribute the radio particles in the lungs. Twenty normal non smoking volunteers (10 men and 10 women), mean age of 23.2 years (range: 20 to 35 years), were studied. Images were obtained immediately and 30, 60 and 90 min after inhalation. Total and regional counts were obtained and the clearance half-lives of both lungs were determined. There was no difference in total counts between the two types of radio aerosol at any time (mean of approx 188,00 cpm for male and female subjects at time zero in both aerosols). The highest count was obtained in the middle region of both lungs (P99m Tc-DTPA/A generated the highest output of radio aerosol. 99m Tc-DTPA with alcohol costs approximately five times more than the aerosol without alcohol. The present results show that either kind of aerosol may be adopted routinely for use in pulmonary examinations without affecting diagnosis. We suggest that the amount of 740 mBq (20 mCi) of 99mTc-DTPA in 1.5 ml saline can be used for routine examinations resulting in reduction of costs in pulmonary ventilation studies without diagnostic impairment. (author)

  18. Isatin based thiosemicarbazone derivatives as potential bioactive agents: Anti-oxidant and molecular docking studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haribabu, J.; Subhashree, G. R.; Saranya, S.; Gomathi, K.; Karvembu, R.; Gayathri, D.

    2016-04-01

    A new series of isatin based thiosemicarbazones has been synthesized from benzylisatin and unsubstituted/substituted thiosemicarbazides (1-5). The synthesized compounds were characterized by elemental analyses, and UV-Visible, FT-IR, 1H &13C NMR and mass spectroscopic techniques. Three dimensional molecular structure of three compounds (1, 3 and 4) was determined by single crystal X-ray crystallography. Anti-oxidant activity of the thiosemicarbazone derivatives showed their excellent scavenging effect against free radicals. In addition, all the compounds showed good anti-haemolytic activity. In silico molecular docking studies were performed to screen the anti-inflammatory and anti-tuberculosis properties of thiosemicarbazone derivatives.

  19. A new method based on Markov chains for deriving SB2 orbits directly from their spectra

    CERN Document Server

    Salomon, J -B; Guillout, P; Halbwachs, J -L; Arenou, F; Famaey, B; Lebreton, Y; Mazeh, T; Pourbaix, D; Tal-Or, L

    2012-01-01

    We present a new method to derive orbital elements of double-lined spectroscopic binaries (SB2). The aim is to have accurate orbital parameters of a selection of SB2 in order to prepare the exploitation of astrometric Gaia observations. Combined with our results, they should allow one to measure the mass of each star with a precision of better than 1%. The new method presented here consists of using the spectra at all epochs simultaneously to derive the orbital elements without templates. It is based on a Markov chain including a new method for disentangling the spectra.

  20. Complex step derivative approximation of consistent tangent operators for viscoelasticity based on fractional calculus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hürkamp, André; Tanaka, Masato; Kaliske, Michael

    2015-12-01

    In this contribution, the convergence behaviour of simulations with nonlinear viscoelastic models for rubber-like materials using fractional derivatives is investigated. Based on the complex step derivative approximation, numerical approximation schemes for tangent operators on the local and global algorithmic level are analysed. Material models including fractional derivatives usually exhibit numerical difficulties, since the entire stress history of the material has to be considered for the current stress state. Non-classical methods can help to reduce the numerical effort, but the convergence behaviour is not perfect. In this paper, a classical and a non-classical fractional element based viscoelastic material formulation are analysed. The local and the global convergence rate using analytically and numerically derived tangents are investigated and compared to the convergence behaviour of a standard nonlinear viscoelastic model. Numerical examples on rubber materials are exploited, showing the performance of the proposed methods. It can be proven that the outlined numerical differentiation schemes improve the convergence rate, as well as reduce the computation time for the fractional element based material models.

  1. Derivative-based global sensitivity measures: general links with Sobol' indices and numerical tests

    CERN Document Server

    Matieyendou, Matieyendou; Popelin, Anne-Laure; Gamboa, Fabrice

    2012-01-01

    The estimation of variance-based importance measures (called Sobol' indices) of the input variables of a numerical model can require a large number of model evaluations. It turns to be unacceptable for huge model involving a large number of input variables (typically more than ten). Recently, Sobol and Kucherenko have proposed the Derivative-based Global Sensitivity Measures (DGSM), defined as the integral of the squared derivatives of the model output, showing that it can help to solve the problem of dimensionality in some cases. We provide a general inequality link between DGSM and total Sobol' indices for input variables belonging in the class of Boltzmann probability measures, extending the previous results of Sobol and Kucherenko for uniform and normal measures. The special case of log-concave measures is also described. This link provides a DGSM-based maximal bound for the total Sobol indices. Numerical tests show the performance of the bound and its usefulness in practice.

  2. Studies on anhydrous proton conducting membranes based on imidazole derivatives and sulfonated polyimide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anhydrous proton conducting membranes based on sulfonated polyimide (sPI) and imidazole derivatives were prepared. The acid-base composite membranes show a good chemical oxidation stability and high thermal stability. The addition of imidazole derivatives in sPIs can improve the chemical oxidation stability of the composite membranes enormously, and even much better than that of pure sPI. The proton conductivity of a typical sPI/xUI(2-undecylimidazole) composite membrane can reach 10-3 S cm-1 at 180 deg. C under the anhydrous condition. The proton conductivity of the acid-base composite membranes increases significantly with increasing content of UI. Moreover, UI in sPI/xUI composite membrane is difficult to be brought out by the vapor due to the existence of long hydrophobic moiety, which will improve the stability and lifetime of the membranes in the fuel cells

  3. Early chelation therapy for injected Pu-238 and Am-241 in the rat: comparison of 3,4,3-LIHOPO, DFO-HOPO, DTPA-DX, DTPA and DFOA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chelating agents were tested for removal of simultaneously injected Pu-238 and Am-241 from the rat. The effectiveness of early single chelate injections on Pu-238 retention in tissues decreased in the order 3,4,3-LIHOPO > DFO-HOPO > DTPA > DTPA-DX, and for AM-241 in the order 3,4,3-LIHOPO > DTPA-DX > DTPA >> DFO-HOPO. DTPA-DX showed a special ability to remove AM-241 from the liver. Injected 3,4,3-LIHOPO decreased the contents of PU-238 in bone and liver to 9 and 3%, respectively, of those in untreated controls. Corresponding values for AM-241 in bone and liver were 30 and 6%, respectively, which indicates that 3,4,3-LIHOPO (unlike DFO-HOPO) is not a plutonium-specific chelator. The effectiveness of prompt single oral treatment with 3,4,3-LIHOPO and DFO-HOPO in reducing retention of actinides was comparable with that of those chelators injected with 1 h delay and at one-third of the oral dose. When 3,4,3-LIHOPO was administered by continuous infusion, a superior effect was achieved. (author)

  4. A chaotic communication system of improved performance based on the Derivative-free nonlinear Kalman filter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rigatos, Gerasimos

    2016-07-01

    The Derivative-free nonlinear Kalman Filter is used for developing a communication system that is based on a chaotic modulator such as the Duffing system. In the transmitter's side, the source of information undergoes modulation (encryption) in which a chaotic signal generated by the Duffing system is the carrier. The modulated signal is transmitted through a communication channel and at the receiver's side demodulation takes place, after exploiting the estimation provided about the state vector of the chaotic oscillator by the Derivative-free nonlinear Kalman Filter. Evaluation tests confirm that the proposed filtering method has improved performance over the Extended Kalman Filter and reduces significantly the rate of transmission errors. Moreover, it is shown that the proposed Derivative-free nonlinear Kalman Filter can work within a dual Kalman Filtering scheme, for performing simultaneously transmitter-receiver synchronisation and estimation of unknown coefficients of the communication channel.

  5. Prediction on the inhibition ratio of pyrrolidine derivatives on matrix metalloproteinase based on gene expression programming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yuqin; You, Guirong; Jia, Baoxiu; Si, Hongzong; Yao, Xiaojun

    2014-01-01

    Quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSAR) were developed to predict the inhibition ratio of pyrrolidine derivatives on matrix metalloproteinase via heuristic method (HM) and gene expression programming (GEP). The descriptors of 33 pyrrolidine derivatives were calculated by the software CODESSA, which can calculate quantum chemical, topological, geometrical, constitutional, and electrostatic descriptors. HM was also used for the preselection of 5 appropriate molecular descriptors. Linear and nonlinear QSAR models were developed based on the HM and GEP separately and two prediction models lead to a good correlation coefficient (R (2)) of 0.93 and 0.94. The two QSAR models are useful in predicting the inhibition ratio of pyrrolidine derivatives on matrix metalloproteinase during the discovery of new anticancer drugs and providing theory information for studying the new drugs. PMID:24971318

  6. Prediction on the Inhibition Ratio of Pyrrolidine Derivatives on Matrix Metalloproteinase Based on Gene Expression Programming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuqin Li

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSAR were developed to predict the inhibition ratio of pyrrolidine derivatives on matrix metalloproteinase via heuristic method (HM and gene expression programming (GEP. The descriptors of 33 pyrrolidine derivatives were calculated by the software CODESSA, which can calculate quantum chemical, topological, geometrical, constitutional, and electrostatic descriptors. HM was also used for the preselection of 5 appropriate molecular descriptors. Linear and nonlinear QSAR models were developed based on the HM and GEP separately and two prediction models lead to a good correlation coefficient (R2 of 0.93 and 0.94. The two QSAR models are useful in predicting the inhibition ratio of pyrrolidine derivatives on matrix metalloproteinase during the discovery of new anticancer drugs and providing theory information for studying the new drugs.

  7. Integration of Color and Local Derivative Pattern Features for Content-Based Image Indexing and Retrieval

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vipparthi, Santosh Kumar; Nagar, Shyam Krishna

    2015-09-01

    This paper presents two new feature descriptors for content based image retrieval (CBIR) application. The proposed two descriptors are named as color local derivative patterns (CLDP) and inter color local derivative pattern (ICLDP). In order to reduce the computational complexity the uniform patterns are applied to both CLDP and ICLDP. Further, uniform CLDP (CLDPu2) and uniform ICLDP (ICLDPu2) are generated respectively. The proposed descriptors are able to exploit individual (R, G and B) spectral channel information and co-relating pair (RG, GB, BR, etc.) of spectral channel information. The retrieval performances of the proposed descriptors (CLDP and ICLDP) are tested by conducting two experiments on Corel-5000 and Corel-10000 benchmark databases. The results after investigation show a significant improvement in terms of precision, average retrieval precision (ARP), recall and average retrieval rate (ARR) as compared to local binary patterns (LBP), local derivative patterns (LDP) and other state-of-the-art techniques for image retrieval.

  8. Removal of 54Mn from the mouse body by dilution with stable manganese and by chelation with DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    54Mn is one of the activation products generated in nuclear reactors. This study was carried out to find a method appropriate for the removal of 54Mn. Intraperitoneal administration of stable manganese effectively promoted the excretion of 54Mn from the mouse body. The efficacy for removing 54Mn was estimated to be 56, 67, 77 and 82% for manganese doses of 0.3, 1, 3 and 10 mg/kg, respectively. Oral administration of stable manganese was also effective for the removal of 54Mn, but the efficacy was inferior to that obtained by intraperitoneal administration because of low gastrointestinal absorption of manganese. Ca-DTPA and Zn-DTPA promoted the excretion of 54Mn when administered 1 h after administration of 54Mn, but these chelating agents had little effect when administered after 3 h or more. Zn-DTPA was less effective than Ca-DTPA. These results demonstrate that dilution with stable manganese is more effective than chelation with DTPA for the removal of 54Mn from the body. (author)

  9. The exploratory development of A self-made oral Gd-DTPA solution for low field MRCP in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the value of ingestion self-made Gd-DTPA solutin for low field magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) (0.35T) in children. Methods: Phantom experiments were performed to select the optimal concentration of Gd-DTPA to be used as an oral negative contrast agent in low field MRCP. Twenty children suspected of celiac disease were performed with MRCP before and after ingestion Gd-DTPA solution. Signal intensity measurements of gastroduodenal lumens, pancreatobiliary ducts, and image quality scores were obtained systematically before and after contrast ingestion. Results: The selected Gd-DTPA concentration was 1.992 mmol/L. Ingestion of 80 ml solution eliminated or suppressed efficiently the gastroduodenal signal intensity, improving the MRCP image quality scores (P<0.01) significantly in children. Conclusion: 1.992 mmol/L self-made Gd-DTPA solutin can suppress or eliminate water signals from gastrointestinal tract and improve the quality of low field MRCP image in children. (authors)

  10. Myocardial cell death in reperfused and nonreperfused myocardial infarctions. MR imaging with dysprosium-DTPA-BMA in the pig

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To investigate whether Dy-DTPA-BMA-enhanced MR imaging would permit identification of myocardial cell death, myocardial infarction was induced in 12 domestic pigs. Material and Methods: In 6 pigs with irreversible cell damage, Dy-DTPA-BMA (1.0 mmol/kg b.w.) was administered i.v. 70 min after coronary occlusion. In 6 other pigs, the infarctions were reperfused 80 min after the occlusion, followed by injection of Dy-DTPA-BMA after 30 min of reperfusion. In 4 additional pigs, the hearts were reperfused after 2 min of occlusion. All 16 pigs were sacrificed 10 min after the injection of Dy-DTPA-BMA. The hearts were excised and imaged with MR. Results: Reversibly injured myocardium could not be distinguished from adjacent nonischaemic myocardium after the administration of Dy-DTPA-BMA. Reperfused, infarcted myocardium demonstrated a high signal intensity in the proton-density- and T2-weighted sequences, despite a 5-fold higher Dy concentration compared with both nonreperfused infarcted and nonischaemic myocardium. Conclusion: This lack of susceptibility effect in infarcted myocardium, due to a homogeneous distribution of Dy, indicates the usefulness of Dy as a marker of tissue viability. (orig.)

  11. Detection of diffuse glomerular lesions in rats: II. Comparison of indium-111 cationic small macromolecules with technetium-99m DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dextrans with average molecular weights of 5000, 10,000, and 17,500 and inulin were rendered cationic by amination with 2-bromoethylamine hydrobromide. After limited coupling with DTPA cyclic dianhydride, they were labeled with 111In. A good correlation was found between their early renal uptake quantitated by camera-computer techniques and their renal clearance from multiple plasma samples in rats with glomerular damage induced by puromycin aminonucleoside and controls. However, there was poor correlation between the early renal uptake of these agents and the clearance of simultaneously injected [/sup 99m/Tc]DTPA. The 2-hr organ distribution and urinary excretion of these agents were compared with the corresponding values of DTPA. The differences in clearance between rats with glomerular damage and controls were greater with aminated dextran (mol wt 5000) than with DTPA, confirming previous work with infusions of nonradioactive charged dextrans and neutral inulin. The cationic dextrans appear to reflect the presence or absence of the normal anionic charge of the glomerular membrane as well as changes in filtration rate. Aminated inulin did not differentiate between controls and rats with glomerular disease any better than DTPA, probably because the number of amino groups conjugated was insufficient to produce the charge effect

  12. Value of Tc99m-DTPA alveolar permeability in lung involvement detection of patients with HIV infection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We studied 35 HIV patients in order to know the value of Tc99mDTPA in the assessment of pulmonary lung involvement, especially pneumocystis carinii (PC) infection. Lung DTPA clearance measures increased alveolar permeability. Twenty patients with respiratory symptoms were included, 4 with systemic symptoms and also 11 asymptomatics, with similar immune condition (CD4 lymphocytes <400) as a control group. Smoking habit was suspended prior the test. Clinical follow up, chest film, induced sputum and/or fibrobronchoscopy were obtained. There was histological confirmation of PC presence or absence in 16 symptomatics and 3 asymptomatics. DTPA sensitivity for PC detection was 78%, specificity 40% and accuracy 58%; the values were 85%, 60% and 79%, respectively, for inflammatory lung processes. There were 4/6 cases false positive for PC detection with respiratory features explaining DTPA abnormalities. Concluding, Tc99m-DTPA is sensitive but not specific for detecting PC pneumonia but its value is higher for pulmonary inflammatory processes (Au)

  13. Electrochemical and optical sugar sensors based on phenylboronic acid and its derivatives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Egawa, Yuya; Seki, Toshinobu [Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Josai University, Keyakidai, Sakado, Saitama 350-0295 (Japan); Takahashi, Shigehiro [Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciecnes, Tohoku University, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan); Anzai, Jun-ichi, E-mail: junanzai@mail.pharm.tohoku.ac.jp [Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciecnes, Tohoku University, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan)

    2011-10-10

    Recent progress in electrochemical and optical sugar sensors based on phenylboronic acid (PBA) and its derivatives as recognition components is reviewed. PBAs are known to bind diol compounds including sugars to form cyclic boronate esters that are negatively charged as a result of the addition of OH{sup -} ions from solution. Based on the formation of PBA charged species, sugars and their derivatives can be detected by means of electrochemical and optical techniques. For the development of PBA-based electrochemical sensing systems or sensors, PBA is modified with a redox-active marker, because PBA itself is electrochemically inactive, and ferrocene derivatives are often employed for this purpose. Ferrocene-modified PBAs have been used as redox-active additives in solution for the electrochemical detection of sugars and derivatives. PBA-modified electrodes have also been constructed as reagentless electrochemical sensors, where PBAs are immobilized on the surface of metal and carbon electrodes through mainly two routes: as a self-assembled monolayer film and as a polymer thin film. PBA-modified electrodes can be successfully used to detect sugars and derivatives through potentiometric and voltammetric responses. In addition, PBA-modified electrodes can be used for the immobilization of glycoenzymes on an electrode surface by the formation of boronate esters with carbohydrate chains in the glycoenzymes, thus resulting in enzyme biosensors. For the development of PBA-based optical sensors, a variety of chromophores and fluorophores have been coupled with PBA. Azobenzene dyes have been most frequently used for the preparation of colorimetric sugar sensors, in which the absorption wavelength and intensity of the dye are dependent on the type and concentration of added sugars. The sensitivity of the sensors is significantly improved based on multi-component systems in which alizalin red S, pyrocatechol violet, starch-iodine complex, and cyclodextrin are employed as

  14. Electrochemical and optical sugar sensors based on phenylboronic acid and its derivatives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent progress in electrochemical and optical sugar sensors based on phenylboronic acid (PBA) and its derivatives as recognition components is reviewed. PBAs are known to bind diol compounds including sugars to form cyclic boronate esters that are negatively charged as a result of the addition of OH- ions from solution. Based on the formation of PBA charged species, sugars and their derivatives can be detected by means of electrochemical and optical techniques. For the development of PBA-based electrochemical sensing systems or sensors, PBA is modified with a redox-active marker, because PBA itself is electrochemically inactive, and ferrocene derivatives are often employed for this purpose. Ferrocene-modified PBAs have been used as redox-active additives in solution for the electrochemical detection of sugars and derivatives. PBA-modified electrodes have also been constructed as reagentless electrochemical sensors, where PBAs are immobilized on the surface of metal and carbon electrodes through mainly two routes: as a self-assembled monolayer film and as a polymer thin film. PBA-modified electrodes can be successfully used to detect sugars and derivatives through potentiometric and voltammetric responses. In addition, PBA-modified electrodes can be used for the immobilization of glycoenzymes on an electrode surface by the formation of boronate esters with carbohydrate chains in the glycoenzymes, thus resulting in enzyme biosensors. For the development of PBA-based optical sensors, a variety of chromophores and fluorophores have been coupled with PBA. Azobenzene dyes have been most frequently used for the preparation of colorimetric sugar sensors, in which the absorption wavelength and intensity of the dye are dependent on the type and concentration of added sugars. The sensitivity of the sensors is significantly improved based on multi-component systems in which alizalin red S, pyrocatechol violet, starch-iodine complex, and cyclodextrin are employed as indicators

  15. A regularized directional derivative-based Newton method for inverse singular value problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, we give a regularized directional derivative-based Newton method for solving the inverse singular value problem (ISVP). The proposed method is also globalized by employing the directional derivative-based Wolfe line search conditions. Under some mild assumptions, the global and quadratic convergence of our method is established. To improve the practical effectiveness, we also propose a hybrid method for solving the ISVP. We show that the hybrid method converges quadratically and globally in the sense that a stationary point of a merit function for the ISVP is computed. Numerical tests demonstrate that the proposed hybrid method is very effective for solving the ISVP with distinct and multiple singular values. (paper)

  16. Excretion of purine base derivatives after intake of bacterial protein meal in pigs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hellwing, Anne Louise Frydendahl; Tauson, Anne-Helene; Skrede, A.

    2007-01-01

    Bacterial protein meal has a high content ofprotein but also of RNA and DNA. Sixteen barrows were allocated to four diets containing increasing levels of bacterial protein meal (BPM), from weaning to 80 kg live weight, to evaluate whether the RNA and DNA contents of BPM influenced the retention...... of nitrogen. It was hypothesised that an increased intake of RNA and DNA would lead to an increased urinary excretion of purine base derivatives and increased plasma concentrations. Retention of nitrogen was unaffected by dietary content of BPM (P=0.08) and the urinary excretion of purine base derivatives...... increased with increasing dietary content of BPM. No differences in fasting plasma concentration of uric acid, xanthine and hypoxanthine were observed. It can therefore be concluded that increasing levels of dietary BPM maintained protein accretion and led to changes in excretion of purine detrivatices...

  17. High efficiency, blue emitting materials based on phenanthro[9,10-d]imidazole derivatives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jayabharathi, J., E-mail: jtchalam2005@yahoo.co.in; Sathishkumar, R.; Thanikachalam, V.; Jayamoorthy, K.

    2014-09-15

    The blue light emitting materials based on a fluoro phenanthro [9,10-d] imidazole derivatives prepared by a facial synthetic process exhibit good thermal stability, highly efficient fluorescence and balanced carrier injection. The multi-layered device based on fluoro phenanthroimidazole derivatives shows a higher luminance in a lower turn-on voltage. The device performance implies that the phenanthroimidazole unit is an excellent building block for tuning the carrier injection properties as well as blue emission. - Highlights: • Phenanthroimidazole exhibits high T{sub m} and T{sub d5} values, fluorescent efficiency, preparation cost and charge injection property. • The carrier injection and transport ability can be evidenced from the hole-only and electron-only devices. • These materials are used as building block for efficient blue light emitting materials. • Chemical structure modification improving the materials' properties.

  18. High efficiency, blue emitting materials based on phenanthro[9,10-d]imidazole derivatives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The blue light emitting materials based on a fluoro phenanthro [9,10-d] imidazole derivatives prepared by a facial synthetic process exhibit good thermal stability, highly efficient fluorescence and balanced carrier injection. The multi-layered device based on fluoro phenanthroimidazole derivatives shows a higher luminance in a lower turn-on voltage. The device performance implies that the phenanthroimidazole unit is an excellent building block for tuning the carrier injection properties as well as blue emission. - Highlights: • Phenanthroimidazole exhibits high Tm and Td5 values, fluorescent efficiency, preparation cost and charge injection property. • The carrier injection and transport ability can be evidenced from the hole-only and electron-only devices. • These materials are used as building block for efficient blue light emitting materials. • Chemical structure modification improving the materials' properties

  19. Sensitivity of diamond-capped impedance transducer to Tröger’s base derivatives

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Stehlík, Štěpán; Ižák, Tibor; Kromka, Alexander; Dolenský, B.; Havlík, M.; Rezek, Bohuslav

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 4, č. 8 (2012), s. 3860-3865. ISSN 1944-8244 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GBP108/12/G108 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100521 Keywords : Tröger’s base derivative * nanocrystalline diamond * chemical sensor * impedance spectroscopy * surface conductivity Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 5.008, year: 2012

  20. Interlaminar Stresses by Refined Beam Theories and the Sinc Method Based on Interpolation of Highest Derivative

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slemp, Wesley C. H.; Kapania, Rakesh K.; Tessler, Alexander

    2010-01-01

    Computation of interlaminar stresses from the higher-order shear and normal deformable beam theory and the refined zigzag theory was performed using the Sinc method based on Interpolation of Highest Derivative. The Sinc method based on Interpolation of Highest Derivative was proposed as an efficient method for determining through-the-thickness variations of interlaminar stresses from one- and two-dimensional analysis by integration of the equilibrium equations of three-dimensional elasticity. However, the use of traditional equivalent single layer theories often results in inaccuracies near the boundaries and when the lamina have extremely large differences in material properties. Interlaminar stresses in symmetric cross-ply laminated beams were obtained by solving the higher-order shear and normal deformable beam theory and the refined zigzag theory with the Sinc method based on Interpolation of Highest Derivative. Interlaminar stresses and bending stresses from the present approach were compared with a detailed finite element solution obtained by ABAQUS/Standard. The results illustrate the ease with which the Sinc method based on Interpolation of Highest Derivative can be used to obtain the through-the-thickness distributions of interlaminar stresses from the beam theories. Moreover, the results indicate that the refined zigzag theory is a substantial improvement over the Timoshenko beam theory due to the piecewise continuous displacement field which more accurately represents interlaminar discontinuities in the strain field. The higher-order shear and normal deformable beam theory more accurately captures the interlaminar stresses at the ends of the beam because it allows transverse normal strain. However, the continuous nature of the displacement field requires a large number of monomial terms before the interlaminar stresses are computed as accurately as the refined zigzag theory.

  1. Densities and Derived Thermodynamic Properties of Imidazolium-, Pyridinium-, Pyrrolidinium-, and Piperidinium-Based Ionic Liquids

    OpenAIRE

    Gardas, Ramesh L.; Costa, Henrique F.; Freire, Mara G.; Carvalho, Pedro J.; Marrucho, Isabel M.; Fonseca, Isabel M. A.; Ferreira, Abel G. M.; Coutinho, João A. P.

    2008-01-01

    In the present work, experimental density measurements are reported along with the derived thermodynamic properties, such as the isothermal compressibility (κT), the isobaric expansivity (αp), and the thermal pressure coefficient (γv) for imidazolium-, pyridinium-, pyrrolidinium-, and piperidinium-based ionic liquids (ILs), namely, 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium trifluoromethanesulfonate [C2mim][CF3SO3], 3-methyl-1-propylpyridinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide [C3mpy][NTf2], 1-methyl-1-prop...

  2. Synthesis, Characterization and Biological Evaluation of 1, 2-Disubstituted Benzimidazole Derivatives using Mannich Bases

    OpenAIRE

    Reddy, B. Anil

    2010-01-01

    The ring system in which a benzene ring is fused to the 4,5-positions of imidazole is designated as benzimidazole. Condensations of 2-substituted benzimidazole derivatives were synthesized by different carboxylic acids using Mannich base and anti-inflammatory activity. The various positions on the benzimidazole ring are numbered in the manner indicated with the imino function as number one. The formations of the product were conformed by the analytical and spectral data.

  3. Derivation of Myogenic Progenitors Directly From Human Pluripotent Stem Cells Using a Sphere-Based Culture

    OpenAIRE

    Hosoyama, Tohru; McGivern, Jered V.; Van Dyke, Jonathan M.; Allison D Ebert; Suzuki, Masatoshi

    2014-01-01

    The authors present a novel protocol for deriving myogenic progenitors from human embryonic stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells using free-floating spherical culture. Results show that sphere-based cultures of human pluripotent stem cells, expanded in medium containing high concentrations of fibroblast growth factor and epidermal growth factor, can propagate myogenic progenitors from human embryonic stem cells and healthy and disease-specific induced pluripotent stem cells.

  4. Human Bone Marrow-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cell: A Source for Cell-Based Therapy

    OpenAIRE

    Ayatollahi, M.; Geramizadeh, B; Zakerinia, M; M Ramzi; Yaghobi, R.; Hadadi, P.; Rezvani, A. R.; Aghdai, M.; N Azarpira; Karimi, H.

    2012-01-01

    Background: The ability of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to differentiate into many cell types, and modulate immune responses, makes them an attractive therapeutic tool for cell transplantation and tissue engineering. Objective: This project was designed for isolation, culture, and characterization of human marrow-derived MSCs based on the immunophenotypic markers and the differentiation potential. Methods: Bone marrow of healthy donors was aspirated from the iliac crest. Mononuclear cells we...

  5. Derivation of the Newton's Law of Gravitation Based on a Fluid Mechanical Singularity Model of Particles

    OpenAIRE

    Xiao-Song Wang

    2008-01-01

    The main purpose of this paper is to seek a mechanical interpretation of gravitational phenomena. We suppose that the universe may be filled with a kind of fluid which may be called the (0) substratum. Thus, the inverse-square law of gravitation is derived by methods of hydrodynamics based on a sink flow model of particles. The first feature of this theory of gravitation is that the gravitational interactions are transmitted by a kind of fluidic medium. The second featur...

  6. Smart photovoltaics based on dye-sensitized solar cells using photochromic spiropyran derivatives as photosensitizers

    OpenAIRE

    Shengbo Ma; Hungkit Ting; Yingzhuang Ma; Lingling Zheng; Miwei Zhang; Lixin Xiao; Zhijian Chen

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, smart photovoltaic (SPV) devices, integrating both functions of solar cells and smart windows, was fabricated based on dye-sensitized solar cells using photochromic spiropyran derivatives SIBT as photosensitizers. SPV devices have self-regulated power conversion efficiency (PCE) and light transmission responding to the incident spectra due to the photoisomerization of SIBT. SIBT isomerize from closed-ring form to open-ring form under UV illumination, accompanied with enhanced v...

  7. Biopolymer Electrolyte Based on Derivatives of Cellulose from Kenaf Bast Fiber

    OpenAIRE

    Mohd Saiful Asmal Rani; Siti Rudhziah; Azizan Ahmad; Nor Sabirin Mohamed

    2014-01-01

    A cellulose derivative, carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), was synthesized by the reaction of cellulose from kenaf bast fiber with monochloroacetic acid. A series of biopolymer electrolytes comprised of the synthesized CMC and ammonium acetate (CH3COONH4) were prepared by the solution-casting technique. The biopolymer-based electrolyte films were characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy to investigate the formation of the CMC–CH3COONH4 complexes. Electrochemical impedance spectros...

  8. Antibacterial Evaluation of Some Schiff Bases Derived from 2-Acetylpyridine and Their Metal Complexes

    OpenAIRE

    Thong Kwai Lin; Chai Lay Ching; Cher Lin Ooi; Hadi, A. Hamid A.; Mahmood Ameen Abdulla; Nura Suleiman Gwaram; Hapipah Mohd Ali; Hamid Khaledi

    2012-01-01

    A series of Schiff bases derived from 2-acetylpyridne and their metal complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, NMR, FT-IR and UV-Vis spectral studies. The complexes were screened for anti-bacterial activity against Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Acinetobacter baumanni (AC), Klebsiella pneumonie (KB) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) using the disc diffusion and micro broth dilutio...

  9. Intraoperative tumour detection using 111In-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide and a scintillation detector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Intraoperative tumour detection has been used in many applications. The examined tumour forms have varied and different detector systems and radiopharmaceuticals have also been used. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the ability of an NaI(Tl) scintillation detector to detect primary tumours and metastases in patients with different endocrine tumour types (e.g. carcinoid tumours, endocrine pancreatic tumours and thyroid tumours) and in patients with breast carcinoma or benign thyroid lesions, on the basis of their somatostatin receptor expression after i.v. injection of 111In-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide. Thirty patients were injected with 111In-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide intravenously. Scintigraphic images were taken 1 day after injection of the radiopharmaceutical, and surgery was performed 1-7 days post injection. An NaI(Tl) scintillation detector was used for intraoperative tumour detection. Tissue samples were collected during surgery for determination of 111In activity concentration and histopathological examination. The scintigraphic images were positive in 29 out of 30 patients. Intraoperative tumour detection was successful in 43 of 66 collected biopsies: 10 out of 11 for carcinoid tumours, 7 out of 10 for medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) and 14 out of 22 for breast cancer. On the basis of our findings we conclude that intraoperative tumour detection with 111In-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide using this NaI(Tl) detector can be successful especially for carcinoid tumours and endocrine pancreatic tumours, due to the relatively high activity concentrations in these tumour types, but is less successful in other forms of thyroid cancer, including MTC, and breast cancer. For successful intraoperative detection, the detector characteristics are also very important, and further improvement of the detector systems is required to increase the sensitivity and specificity. (orig.)

  10. Lung clearance of 99mTc-DTPA in systemic lupus erythematosus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.T.R. Dalcin

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available The early demonstration of lung involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE patients is a difficult but important task. In the present study we attempted to identify abnormalities in pulmonary clearance of 99mTc-DTPA in SLE, correlating their clearance data with clinical findings and disease activity. Forty-six consecutive SLE patients with and without active disease (LACC score and 30 normal volunteers were studied. All subjects were submitted to pulmonary scintigraphy with 99mTc-DTPA to evaluate the pulmonary clearance, and to a chest X-ray, and SLE patients were submitted to tests of disease activity, spirometry, arterial blood gases and tests to assess acute-phase proteins. Pulmonary clearance was faster in SLE patients with active disease when compared to normal controls [half-life of 67.04 min (51.52-82.55 min in active SLE versus 85.87 min (78.85-92.87 min in controls, P<0.05] and there was a higher frequency of abnormal clearance rates in patients with active disease (11 of 26 patients, 42.3% when compared with SLE patients without disease activity (2 of 20 patients, 10% (P = 0.04. A significant correlation was observed between the clearance rates and cough (P<0.05, but not between the clearance rates and dyspnea symptoms or radiological findings, duration of SLE disease, antinuclear antibody titers and patterns, C-reactive protein or anti-double stranded DNA antibodies. We conclude that the pulmonary clearance of 99mTc-DTPA is increased in SLE patients with active disease.

  11. Lung clearance of 99m Tc- DTPA in systemic lupus erythematous

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The early demonstration of lung involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients is a difficult but important task. In the present study we attempted to identify abnormalities in pulmonary clearance of 99 mTc-DTPA in SLE, correlating their clearance data with clinical findings and disease activity. Forty-six consecutive SLE patients with and without active disease (LACC score) and 30 normal volunteers were studied. All subjects were submitted to pulmonary scintigraphy with 99 mTc-DTPA to evaluate the pulmonary clearance, and to a chest X-ray, and SLE patients were submitted to tests of disease activity, spirometry, arterial blood gases and tests to assess acute-phase proteins. Pulmonary clearance was faster in SLE patients with active disease when compared to normal controls [half-life of 67.04 min (51.52-82.55 min) in active SLE versus 85.87 min (78.85-92.87 min) in controls, P<0.05] and there was a higher frequency of abnormal clearance rates in patients with active disease (11 of 26 patients, 42.3%) when compared with SLE patients without disease activity (2 of 20 patients, 10%) (P = 0.04). A significant correlation was observed between the clearance rates and cough (P<0.05), but not between the clearance rates and dyspnoea symptoms or radiological findings, duration of SLE disease, antinuclear antibody titers and patterns, C-reactive protein or anti-double stranded DNA antibodies. We conclude that the pulmonary clearance of 99 m Tc-DTPA is increased in SLE patients with active disease. (author)

  12. Lung clearance of {sup 99m} Tc- DTPA in systemic lupus erythematous

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dalcin, P.T.R; Barreto, S.S.M.; Xavier, R.M.; Brenol, J.C.T. [Rio Grande do Sul Univ., Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil). Hospital de Clinicas. Dept. de Medicina Interna; Cunha, R.D.; Marroni, B.J. [Rio Grande do Sul Univ., Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil). Hospital de Clinicas. Servico de Medicina Nuclear]. E-mail: rxavier@hcpa.ufrgs.br

    2002-06-01

    The early demonstration of lung involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients is a difficult but important task. In the present study we attempted to identify abnormalities in pulmonary clearance of 99 mTc-DTPA in SLE, correlating their clearance data with clinical findings and disease activity. Forty-six consecutive SLE patients with and without active disease (LACC score) and 30 normal volunteers were studied. All subjects were submitted to pulmonary scintigraphy with 99 mTc-DTPA to evaluate the pulmonary clearance, and to a chest X-ray, and SLE patients were submitted to tests of disease activity, spirometry, arterial blood gases and tests to assess acute-phase proteins. Pulmonary clearance was faster in SLE patients with active disease when compared to normal controls [half-life of 67.04 min (51.52-82.55 min) in active SLE versus 85.87 min (78.85-92.87 min) in controls, P<0.05] and there was a higher frequency of abnormal clearance rates in patients with active disease (11 of 26 patients, 42.3%) when compared with SLE patients without disease activity (2 of 20 patients, 10%) (P = 0.04). A significant correlation was observed between the clearance rates and cough (P<0.05), but not between the clearance rates and dyspnoea symptoms or radiological findings, duration of SLE disease, antinuclear antibody titers and patterns, C-reactive protein or anti-double stranded DNA antibodies. We conclude that the pulmonary clearance of 99 m Tc-DTPA is increased in SLE patients with active disease. (author)

  13. Effect of inspiratory resistance and PEEP on /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA clearance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experiments were performed to determine the effect of markedly negative pleural pressure (Ppl) or positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on the pulmonary clearance (k) of technetium-99m-labeled diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (/sup 99m/Tc-DTPA). A submicronic aerosol containing /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA was insufflated into the lungs of anesthetized intubated sheep. In six experiments k was 0.44 +/- 0.46% (SD)/min during the initial 30 min and was unchanged during the subsequent 30-min interval [k = 0.21 +/- 12%/min] when there was markedly increased inspiratory resistance. A 3-mm-diam orifice in the inspiratory tubing created the resistance. It resulted on average in a 13-cmH2O decrease in inspiratory Ppl. In eight additional experiments sheep were exposed to 2, 10, and 15 cmH2O PEEP (20 min at each level). During 2 cmH2O PEEP k = 0.47 +/- 0.15%/min, and clearance increased slightly at 10 cmH2O PEEP [0.76 +/- 0.28%/min, P less than 0.01]. When PEEP was increased to 15 cmH2O a marked increase in clearance occurred [k = 1.95 +/- 1.08%/min, P less than 0.001]. The experiments demonstrate that markedly negative inspiratory pressures do not accelerate the clearance of /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA from normal lungs. The effect of PEEP on k is nonlinear, with large effects being seen only with very large increases in PEEP

  14. High sensitivity of the in vivo detection of somatostatin receptors by 111Indium (DTPA-Octreotide)-scintigraphy in meningioma patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The recent availability of isotope-labelled somatostatin analogues has allowed one to detect somatostatin receptors in normal tissue as well as in endocrine or non-endocrine cranial tumours. The purpose of the present study was to establish the value of somatostatin receptor scintigraphy using an 111indium-labelled somatostatin analogue, octreotide, in the diagnostic work-up of meningioma patients. Twenty-two patients (16 women, 6 men, aged from 19-70 years) with newly diagnosed, residual or recurrent cranial meningiomas were examined. 111indium-labelled DTPA-octreotide was injected i.v.. Planar and tomographic images were obtained with a gamma camera 4-6, and 24 hours after injection. In all of the meningiomas studies a high density of somatostatin receptor was detected by scintigraphy. No false negative test result was found. Due to this, a 100% predictive value of a negative test was calculated. However, when the tumours were taken in culture differing staining intensity could be seen in the light- and electron microscopic level even on individual cells of a single culture when silver intensified somatostatin-gold was used as ligand. We conclude, that in vivo somatostatin receptor scintigraphy may aid in the pre-operative differential diagnosis of skull base tumours

  15. Synthesis, characterization, and evaluation of 10-undecenoic acid-based epithio derivatives as multifunctional additives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geethanjali, Gorla; Padmaja, Korlipara V; Sammaiah, Arukali; Prasad, Rachapudi B N

    2014-11-26

    Novel epithio compounds from alkyl epoxy undecanoates (n-alkyl, C1, C4, and C6; isoalkyl, C3, C4, and C8) were synthesized using an ammonium thiocyanate in ionic liquid 1-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate/H2O (2:1) solvent system in 85-90% yields by gas chromatographic (GC) analysis. The synthesized products were characterized by (1)H and (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), gas chromatography, and GC mass spectral (GC-MS) analyses and evaluated for their antioxidant, extreme pressure (EP), and antiwear (AW) properties in three different base oils, namely, epoxy jatropha fatty acid n-butyl esters (EJB), di-2-ethylhexyl sebacate (DOS), and mineral oil (S-105). Among the synthesized products, n-butyl epithio undecanoate exhibited superior antioxidant property (229.2 °C) compared to butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT, 193.8 °C) in base oil DOS and comparable performance in EJB and S-105 base oils. All of the epithio derivatives exhibited significantly enhanced weld point for the base oils EJB and DOS at 2 wt % level and displayed moderate enhancement in S-105 base oil. Methyl epithio undecanoate at 0.6% concentration exhibited considerable improvement in the wear scar of DOS base oil. The synthesized epithio derivatives have potential as multifunctional additives in lubricant formulations. PMID:25369173

  16. Enhanced removal of 241Am by DTPA chelation therapy in an adult and teenage subject

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A series of Na3 (Ca-DTPA) chelation treatments were carried out on two human subjects, an adult man and a teenage boy, who have long-term body burdens of 241Am. The in vivo whole-body counting, bioassay of urine and feces, and various blood chemistry measurements were coordinated to coincide with this therapy schedule. Decreases in total body burdens for this treatment period were measured as 5 percent in the adult and 30 percent in the youth. High concentrations of zinc in urine and a corresponding decrease of activity of the zinc-dependent erythropoietic enzyme, ALAD, were also observed. (U.S.)

  17. Excretion of radioactivity in breast milk following injection of 99Tcsup(m)-DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Measurements were made of the concentration of radioactivity in the breast milk of a patient following a 2 mCi(74 MBq)99Tcsup(m)-DTPA dynamic renal scan. The concentration of activity was 0.88 nCi-1 ml at 2.75 h after injection and it decreased exponentially with an effective halflife of 4.3 h. The potential radiation dose to a breast-fed infant was small enough to conclude that breast feeding need only be interrupted for 4 h after injection. (author)

  18. MRI of osteochontritis dissecans of the knee joint after i.v. gadolinium-DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    20 patients with osteochondritis dissecans were studied by MRI over a period of 3-34 monts in order to observe healing and determine the viability of the loose fragment. After intravenous contrast, there was increased signal intensity at the junction between the fragment and the epiphyseal bed on T2-weighted sequences; this was interpreted as fibrous granulation tissue surrounding the fragment. The fragments themselves also showed increased signal intensity after Gadolinium-DTPA. Intravenous Gadolinium allows accurate evaluation of the junctional zone between the fragment and the epiphyseal bed by demonstrating fibrous, vascularised granulation tissue. This can be distinguished from synovial fluid, and it also demonstrates viability of the fragment. (orig.)

  19. Gastrointestinal scintigraphy with /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA labeled tablets in fed and fasting subjects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maublant, J.C.; Veyre, A.; Sournac, M.; Aiache, J.M.

    1989-03-01

    The in vitro and in vivo dissolution of a sustained release theophylline formulation labeled with /sup 99m/Tc-diethyltriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) has been monitored in six subjects with a scintillation camera. The study was performed in fasting conditions and was repeated after ingestion of a standardized meal. Results showed that the presence of food in the stomach dramatically increased the oesoduodenal transit time of the tablet (74+-27 min vs 352+-77 min, P<0.001) but did not modify the biodisponibility of theophylline. This study is another example when scintigraphy can be of definite value in pharmacokinetics.

  20. Tc-99m DTPA aerosol lung scintigraphy in patients requiring mechanical ventilation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Xenon ventilation images are of limited diagnostic value in intubated patients since only posterior views can be readily obtained. In this study, Mallinckrodt Tc-99m DTPA aerosol was evaluated for its ability to provide six ventilation projections comparable to MAA perfusion images. Earlier particles have had the drawback to impacting in either ventilator tubing or the patient's major bronchi, limiting clinical utility. Nine patients were studied. Eight had good aerosol distribution without significant particle impaction. In the remaining patient, decreased aeration and holdup of activity beyond the area of impaction was confirmed by xenon ventilation images. Comparable ventilation and perfusion projections were obtained in every patient studied

  1. Multiple myeloma: Screening by Gd-DTPA enhanced opposed-phase gradient-echo MR imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    MR imaging was performed in 19 patients with proven multiple myeloma. Both plain and Gd-DTPA enhanced in-phase and opposed-phase gradient-echo techniques were used (0.1 mmol Magnevist/kg body weight). Plain, opposed-phase imaging demonstrated more lesions than plain in-phase imaging (35 vs. 16); enhanced opposed-phase imaging demonstrated more lesions than plain opposed-phase and enhanced in-phase imaging (47 vs. 35 and 17 lesions). These results suggest that enhanced opposed-phase images which have a high contrast between normal and infiltrated bone marrow are especially suited for MR screening in multiple myeloma. (orig.)

  2. Measurement of vesicoureteral reflux with intravenous 99mTc-DTPA compared to radiographic cystography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results of a /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA study of vesicoureteral reflux in 51 children with recurrent urinary tract infections were compared with those of radiographic micturition cystourethrography. Reflux, shown by either of the two methods, was regarded as an indication of the disorder. Neither method was regarded as a standard reference method. Agreement between the two methods was obtained in 90 of 102 renal units, i.e., ureter and/or renal pelvis (88 percent). Statistical analysis performed on the remaining 12 cases showed that the two procedures usually gave similar results

  3. Gastrointestinal scintigraphy with 99mTc-DTPA labeled tablets in fed and fasting subjects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The in vitro and in vivo dissolution of a sustained release theophylline formulation labeled with 99mTc-diethyltriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) has been monitored in six subjects with a scintillation camera. The study was performed in fasting conditions and was repeated after ingestion of a standardized meal. Results showed that the presence of food in the stomach dramatically increased the oesoduodenal transit time of the tablet (74±27 min vs 352±77 min, P<0.001) but did not modify the biodisponibility of theophylline. This study is another example when scintigraphy can be of definite value in pharmacokinetics. (orig.)

  4. General hybrid projective complete dislocated synchronization with non-derivative and derivative coupling based on parameter identification in several chaotic and hyperchaotic systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Jun-Wei; Shen Yi; Zhang Guo-Dong; Wang Yan-Feng; Cui Guang-Zhao

    2013-01-01

    According to the Lyapunov stability theorem,a new general hybrid projective complete dislocated synchronization scheme with non-derivative and derivative coupling based on parameter identification is proposed under the framework of drive-response systems.Every state variable of the response system equals the summation of the hybrid drive systems in the previous hybrid synchronization.However,every state variable of the drive system equals the summation of the hybrid response systems while evolving with time in our method.Complete synchronization,hybrid dislocated synchronization,projective synchronization,non-derivative and derivative coupling,and parameter identification are included as its special item.The Lorenz chaotic system,Rossler chaotic system,memristor chaotic oscillator system,and hyperchaotic Lii system are discussed to show the effectiveness of the proposed methods.

  5. New perspective for GdNCT. Gd-DTPA reaches the nucleus of glioblastoma cells in culture and in vivo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We investigated the prospects of gadolinium as a neutron capture therapy agent by combining three independent techniques to study the uptake of Gd-DTPA in vitro, in cultured glioblastoma cells, and in vivo, in the glioblastoma tissue sections after injection of Gd-DTPA and tumor extraction. We show that gadolinium not only penetrates the plasma membrane of glioblastoma cells grown in culture, but we also observe a statistically significant higher concentration of Gd in the nucleus relative to the cytoplasm. For the in vivo experiments, Gd-DTPA was administered to 6 glioblastoma patients before neurosurgery. The extracted bioptic tissue was then analyzed with spectromictroscopy, showing Gd localized in the nuclei of glioblastoma cells in 5 patients out of the 6 analyzed. (author)

  6. Comparative distribution study of /sup 111/In-labelled DTPA and TTHA monoclonal antibody conjugates in a choriocarcinoma xenograft model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buckley, R.G.; Barnett, P.; Searle, F.; Pedley, R.; Boden, J.A.

    1986-11-01

    Conjugates of the chelating agents DTPA and TTHA with a monoclonal anti-HCG were prepared. The tissue distribution of the /sup 111/In-Labelled conjugates and also /sup 111/In-citrate was studied in mice bearing human choriocarcinoma xenografts. The antibody conjugates both gave high liver and spleen radionuclide accumulation. Elevated femur levels were observed for the TTHA conjugate and /sup 111/In-citrate. Generally the DTPA conjugate showed the highest tumor-tissue ratios, although its tumor/blood ratio was lower than the other two materials. The results infer that the DTPA conjugate has the greatest utility as an imaging agent but that it would require a background subtraction technique.

  7. Effect of DTPA on concentration ratios of 237Np and 244Cm in vegetative parts of bush bean and barley

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bush beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) were grown in two different soils (noncalcareous and calcareous) in containers in a glasshouse with 530 pCi/g 237Np or 15040 pCi/g 244Cm mixed into separate containers of the soil. The chelating agent DTPA at 100 μg/g soil was added to one half of the containers. The concentration ratio (C.R.) without DTPA was two orders of magnitude higher for 237Np than for 244Cm by two and three orders of magnitude but had little influence on 237Np. For the calcareous soil with DTPA, 244Cm C.R.'s were greater than those for 237Np. In bush beans both 237Np and 244Cm C.R.'s were higher in primary leaves than in trifoliate leaves which were higher than for stems

  8. The effect of airway deposition on the assessment of lung injury by 99mTc-DTPA clearance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 99mTc-DTPA aerosol inhalation method permits detection of pulmonary epithelial damage. We investigated one of several problems, airway deposition of inhaled aerosol, on the assessment of pulmonary epithelial permeability in healthy nonsmokers and patients with interstitial lung diseases. We used the rate constant of pulmonary 99mTc-DTPA clearance curve, k, as a parameter of the epithelial permeability. The alveolar-peripheral airway deposition of aerosol was estimated by the duplicated inhalation method, which we newly developed. The mean k in patients with interstitial lung disease (2.52±0.72%/min, n=8; pc) was higher in patients with interstitial lung disease (4.08±1.63%/min; pc in both groups (pc obtained among the subjects (r=0.951; p99mTc-DTPA aerosol inhalation method although the correction was significant in the individual subjects. (author)

  9. Effect of ethanol on droplet size, efficiency of delivery, and clearance characteristics of technetium-99m DTPA aerosol

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With recent technical advances in aerosol technology, the study of regional ventilation using [/sup 99m/Tc]DTPA aerosol has become increasingly popular. Using a cascade impactor, the authors have assessed droplet size distribution from a newly designed nebulizer. Delivery efficiency of [/sup 99m/Tc]DTPA aerosol to normal subjects was improved 70% with a 10% concentration of ethanol in the nebulizer. Using filter paper fixed to the delivery end of the aerosol device, and varying ethanol concentrations from 0-10%, an 87% increase of deposited radioactivity is measured. The addition of ethanol did not alter clearance characteristics of [/sup 99m/Tc]DTPA from the lung nor did it affect droplet size distribution

  10. Antibacterial evaluation of some Schiff bases derived from 2-acetylpyridine and their metal complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gwaram, Nura Suleiman; Ali, Hapipah Mohd; Khaledi, Hamid; Abdulla, Mahmood Ameen; Hadi, A Hamid A; Lin, Thong Kwai; Ching, Chai Lay; Ooi, Cher Lin

    2012-01-01

    A series of Schiff bases derived from 2-acetylpyridne and their metal complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, NMR, FT-IR and UV-Vis spectral studies. The complexes were screened for anti-bacterial activity against Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Acinetobacter baumanni (AC), Klebsiella pneumonie (KB) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) using the disc diffusion and micro broth dilution assays. Based on the overall results, the complexes showed the highest activities against MRSA while a weak antibacterial activity was observed against A. baumanii and P. aeruginosa. PMID:22609786

  11. Identification of new quinic acid derivatives as histone deacetylase inhibitors by fluorescence-based cellular assay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Son, Dohyun; Kim, Chung Sub; Lee, Kang Ro; Park, Hyun-Ju

    2016-05-01

    A fluorescence-based cellular assay system was established to identify potential epigenetic modulator ligands. This assay method is to detect the de-repression of an EGFP reporter in cancer cells by the treatment of HDAC (histone deacetylase) or DNMT (DNA methyltransferase) inhibitor. Using this system, we conducted a preliminary screening of in-house natural product library containing extracts and pure compounds, and identified several active compounds. Among them, novel quinic acid derivatives were recognized as excellent HDAC inhibitors by both enzymatic and cell-based HDAC assays. PMID:26996372

  12. Accuracy Assessment of LiDAR-Derived Digital Elevation Models Based on Approximation Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    XiaoHang Liu

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The cumulative error at a point in a LiDAR-derived DEM consists of three components: propagated LiDAR-sensor error, propagated ground error, and interpolation error. To combine these error components so as to assess the vertical accuracy of a LiDAR-derived DEM, statistical methods based on the error propagation theory are often used. Due to the existence of systematic error, statistical methods are only effective if a large number of checkpoints are available, which may not be affordable in many practical applications. This paper presents approximation theory as an alternative methodology that departs from error propagation theory in fundamental ways. Using approximation theory, an error bound of the cumulative error at any point in the study site can be obtained, thus informing users conservatively of the spatial variation of DEM accuracy and pointing out the weakly determined areas. The new method is illustrated from DEM users’ perspective by assessing whether a publicly available LiDAR-derived DEM meets FEMA’s accuracy standard for flood risk mapping. The paper calls for a change in the existing methods of assessing and reporting the errors in a LiDAR-derived DEM, in particular those introduced during the ground filtering process.

  13. Synthesis of Some Novel Heterocyclic and Schiff Base Derivatives as Antimicrobial Agents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed E. Azab

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Treatment of 2,3-diaryloxirane-2,3-dicarbonitriles 1a–c with different nitrogen nucleophiles, e.g., hydrazine, methyl hydrazine, phenyl hydrazine, hydroxylamine, thiosemicarbazide, and/or 2-amino-5-phenyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole, afforded pyrazole, isoxazole, pyrrolotriazine, imidazolothiadiazole derivatives 2–5, respectively. Reacting pyrazoles 2a–c with aromatic aldehydes and/or methyl glycinate produced Schiff’s bases 7a–d and pyrazolo[3,4-b]-pyrazinone derivative 8, respectively. Treating 7 with ammonium acetate and/or hydrazine hydrate, furnished the imidazolopyrazole and pyrazolotriazine derivatives 9 and 10, respectively. Reaction of 8 with chloroacetic acid and/or diethyl malonate gave tricyclic compound 11 and triketone 12, respectively. On the other hand, compound 1 was reacted with active methylene precursors, e.g., acetylacetone and/or cyclopentanone producing adducts 14a,b which upon fusion with ammonium acetate furnished the 3-pyridone derivatives 15a,b, respectively. Some of newly synthesized compounds were screened for activity against bacterial and fungal strains and most of the newly synthesized compounds showed high antimicrobial activities. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated using IR, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and mass spectroscopy.

  14. Development of secondary and derived limits for protection against ionizing radiation based on ICRP-60 recommendation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Secondary and derived limits for protection against ionizing radiation based on ICRP-60 recommendation were calculated using dose limit and committed effective dose coefficient of ICRP, IAEA and EU report. In order to analyze the impact of implementing secondary and derived limit on nuclear facilities, the derived values in this study were compared with those prescribed in 10 CFR part 20 as well as Notice No. 98-12 of MOST(Ministry of Science and Technology). According to the comparison results, the derived values in this study show lower values(i.e., more conservative), for most part, than those in Notice No. 98-12 of MOST. These differences are due to reduction of dose limit, applications of new respiratory tract model and bio-kinetics models. Especially, for uranium elements(i.e., U-235, U-238 etc.), which are governing ones in the nuclear fuel industries, liquid-effluent concentrations in this study are approximately two order of magnitude lower than those in Notice No. 98-12 of MOST, because of newly recommended dose coefficients for ingestion pathway and reduction of dose limit

  15. Quantitation of blood-brain barrier defect by magnetic resonance imaging and gadolinium-DTPA in patients with multiple sclerosis and brain tumors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsson, H B; Stubgaard, M; Frederiksen, J L;

    1990-01-01

    In this study quantitation of the degree of deficiency of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in patients with multiple sclerosis or brain tumors, by using MRI, is shown to be possible. As a measure of permeability of the BBB to Gadolinium-DTPA (Gd-DTPA) the flux per unit of distribution volume per uni...... treatments in intracranial diseases....

  16. Preparation of 166 Dy/166 Ho DTPA-bis biotin as a system of In vivo generator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of this work was to synthesize the complex 166 Dy/166 Ho - diethylen triamine pentaacetic-bis Biotin (166 Dy/166 Ho DTPA-bis Biotin) to evaluate its potential as a new radiopharmaceutical in directed radiotherapy. The Dysprosium-166 was obtained for neutron irradiation of 164 Dy203 in the TRIGA Mark III reactor. The labelled was carried out in aqueous solution to p H 8.0 for addition of 166 Dy Cl3 to the diethylen triamine pentaacetic-α, ω-bis Biotin (DTPA-bis Biotin). The radiochemical purity was determined for HPLC and ITLC. The biological integrity of the marked biotin is evaluated by the biological recognition of the avidin for HPLC - molecular exclusion with and without avidin addition. The studies of stability in vitro were made in dilutions of saline solution to 0.9% and with human serum at 37 C incubated 1 and 24 hours. The complex 166 Dy/166 Ho DTPA-bis Biotin was obtained with a radiochemical purity of 99.1 ± 0.6%. The biological recognition of the complex 166 Dy/166 Ho DTPA-bis Biotin for the avidin it doesn't affect the labelling procedure. The studies in vitro demonstrated that the 166 Dy/166 Ho DTPA-bis Biotin is stable after the dilution in saline solution and in human serum that there is not translocation of the one radionuclide subsequent son to the beta decay of the 166 Dy that could produce the 166 Ho3+ liberation. The studies of Biodistribution in healthy mice demonstrated that the one complex 166 Dy/166 Ho DTPA-bis Biotin have a high renal distribution. In conclusion the radiolabelled biotin in this investigation has the appropriate properties to be used as an In vivo generator system stable for directed radiotherapy. (Author)

  17. Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced magnetic resonance images of hepatocellular carcinoma: correlation with histological grading and portal blood flow

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To retrospectively investigate enhancement patterns of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and dysplastic nodule (DN) in the hepatobiliary phase of gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced MRI in relation to histological grading and portal blood flow. Sixty-nine consecutive patients with 83 histologically proven HCCs and DNs were studied. To assess Gd-EOB-DTPA uptake, we calculated the EOB enhancement ratio, which is the ratio of the relative intensity of tumorous lesion to surrounding nontumorous area on hepatobiliary phase images (post-contrast EOB ratio) to that on unenhanced images (pre-contrast EOB ratio). Portal blood flow was evaluated by CT during arterial portography. Post-contrast EOB ratios significantly decreased as the degree of differentiation declined in DNs (1.00 ± 0.14) and well, moderately and poorly differentiated HCCs (0.79 ± 0.19, 0.60 ± 0.27, 0.49 ± 0.10 respectively). Gd-EOB-DTPA uptake, assessed by EOB enhancement ratios, deceased slightly in DNs and still more in HCCs, while there was no statistical difference in the decrease between different histological grades of HCC. Reductions in portal blood flow were observed less frequently than decreases in Gd-EOB-DTPA uptake in DNs and well-differentiated HCCs. Reduced Gd-EOB-DTPA uptake might be an early event of hepatocarcinogenesis, preceding portal blood flow reduction. The hepatobiliary phase of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI may help estimate histological grading, although difficulties exist in differentiating HCCs from DNs. (orig.)

  18. Spatial heterogeneity of DTPA-extractable zinc in cultivated soils induced by city pollution and land use

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIANG Yong; LIANG Wenju; WEN Dazhong; ZHANG Yuge; CHEN Wenbo

    2005-01-01

    The spatial heterogeneity of DTPA-extractable zinc in the cultivated soils of Shenyang suburbs in Liaoning Province of China was investigated, and its map was drawn by the methods of geostatistics combined with geographic information system. The data of soil DTPA-extractable zinc fitted normal distribution after logarithm transformation, and its semivariogram fitted a spherical model. The semivariogram indicated that the spatial dependence of soil DTPA-extractable zinc content was moderate, with the spatial dependence range of 1.69 km and the fractal dimension of 1.96. Stochastic factors contributed to 49.9% of the spatial variability, while structural factors contributed to 50.1% of it. The spatial heterogeneity of soil DTPA-extractable zinc shown by a kriged interpolation map was deeply influenced by stochastic factors such as city pollution, land use pattern and crop distributions. For example, the average content of Zn in vegetable garden soils was 2.5-4 times as much as in their originated soils, and was lower in paddy soils than in their originated soils. The areas with a higher content of soil DTPA-extractable zinc appeared in the near suburbs and the riverside along Hunhe River and the wastewater drainage of Xihe River, and the extremely high values in the near suburb of the city's residential area were a striking feature, indicating the key role of city pollution in the spatial heterogeneity of soil DTPA-extractable zinc. When recorded in the form of a soil pollution map,the results of such a survey make it possible to identify the unusually polluted areas, and to provide more information for precise agriculture and environmental control.

  19. Alveolar epithelial permeability in patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax as determined by Tc-99m DTPA aerosol scintigraphy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) occurs subsequent to a disruption in the continuity of visceral pleura and escape of air into the pleural space. The cause of PSP is most often the rupture of subpleural blebs or bullae. It is usually difficult to detect evidence of pulmonary pathology. The purposes of the present study were to investigate the changes of pulmonary alveolar epithelial permeability in patients with PSP as determined by Tc-99m DTPA aerosol lung scintigraphy, to assess whether or not some differences exist between apical and basal parts of the lungs, and to determine the relationship between the clearance rate of Tc-99m DTPA and the pulmonary function test (PFT) results, the recurrence rate of PSP, and the percentage of pneumothorax in affected lung. Thirteen PSP patients (two females, 11 males; mean age 32.5±11.8 years) with normal chest X-ray were studied. Thirteen healthy non-smoking volunteers (1 female, 12 males; mean age, 35.8±10 years) were selected as a control group. Tc-99m DTPA aerosol lung scintigraphy and PFT were performed in all patients and controls. Clearance rates (%/min) of Tc-99m DTPA aerosol in right and left lung field, and apical and basal parts of each lung were calculated from dynamic images for 15 min. There was no significant difference (p>0.05) between patients and controls, or between apical and basal parts of each lung. No correlation was found between the clearance rate of Tc-99m DTPA and PFT results, the recurrence rate of PSP, or the percentage of pneumothorax. This study demonstrates that pulmonary epithelial permeability is not altered in PSP patients; the clearance rate of Tc-99m DTPA shows no difference between apical and basal parts of each lung. (author)

  20. Detection of alveolar epithelial injury by Tc-99m DTPA radioaerosol inhalation lung scan in rheumatoid arthritis patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic autoimmune disorder primarily involving the joints. Lung alterations in RA may be primary or secondary to pharmacological treatments and may involve the alveoli, interstitium, airways and/or pleura. Technetium-99 m diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Tc-99m DTPA) aerosol inhalation scintigraphy is a sensitive and noninvasive test commonly employed to assess pulmonary epithelial membrane permeability. The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes of pulmonary alveolar epithelial permeability in patients with RA, to determine the relationship between the clearance rate of Tc-99m DTPA and pulmonary function test (PFT) results, and to determine the relationship between the clearance rate of Tc-99m DTPA and clinical parameters of disease. Twenty-five patients with RA but without lung alterations were included in the study. The patients were 22 females, and 3 males; mean age 53.6±8.7 years. Technetium-99m DTPA aerosol inhalation scintigraphy was performed on the study and healthy control groups. Clearance half times (T1/2) were calculated by placing a mono-exponential fit on the curves. Penetration index (PI) was calculated on the first-minute image. There were no significant differences in the mean T1/2 or mean PI values between the RA patients and control subjects. No correlation was found between the mean T1/2 values of Tc-99m DTPA clearance and activity of RA, clinical values, or the spirometric measurements except FEV1/FVC and functional status in RA patients (p=0.02, p=0.01, respectively). However, a weak correlation was found between duration of disease and T1/2 values of Tc-99m DTPA clearance (p=0.006). PI values tended to correlate with FEF25-75, although, this was not statistically significant (p=0.057). This study shows that no changes occur in alveolar-capillary permeability in RA patients without lung alterations. (author)

  1. Accurate and precise plasma clearance measurement using four 99mTc-DTPA plasma samples over 4 h

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wanasundara, Surajith N.; Wesolowski, Michal J.; Barnfield, Mark C.; Waller, Michael L.; Murray, Anthony W.; Burniston, Maria T.; Babyn, Paul S.

    2016-01-01

    Objectives Glomerular filtration rate can be measured as the plasma clearance (CL) of a glomerular filtration rate marker despite body fluid disturbances using numerous, prolonged time samples. We desire a simplified technique without compromised accuracy and precision. Materials and methods We compared CL values derived from two plasma concentration curve area methods – (a) biexponential fitting [CL (E2)] and (b) Tikhonov adaptively regularized gamma variate fitting [CL (Tk-GV)] – for 4 versus 8 h time samplings from 412 99mTc-DTPA studies in 142 patients, mostly paediatric patients, with suspected fluid disturbances. Results CL (Tk-GV) from four samples/4 h and from nine samples/8 h, both accurately and precisely agreed with the standard, which was taken to be nine samples/8 h CL from (noncompartmental) numerical integration [CL (NI)]. The E2 method, four samples/4 h, and nine samples/8 h median CL values significantly overestimated the CL (NI) values by 4.9 and 3.8%, respectively. Conclusion Compared with the standard, CL (E2) from four samples/4 h and from nine samples/8 h proved to be the most inaccurate and imprecise method examined, and can be replaced by better methods for calculating CL. The CL (Tk-GV) can be used to reduce sampling time in half from 8 to 4 h and from nine to four samples for a precise and accurate, yet more easily tolerated and simplified test. PMID:26465802

  2. Comparison of inulin, iothalamate, and /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA for measurement of glomerular filtration rate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Clearances of inulin, 125I-iothalamate, and /sup 99m/Tc-Sn-DTPA were measured simultaneously in five mongrel dogs exhibiting a wide range of glomerular filtration rates (GFR). Standard constant-infusion inulin clearance was compared to radionuclide clearances after subcutaneous injection of the emitters mixed with aqueous epinephrine. All three substances were found to have virtually identical clearances. The accuracy, accessibility, low cost, low radiation hazard, and short half-life of /sup 99m/Tc-Sn-DTPA make it an excellent substance for measuring GFR. The subcutaneous technique offers an accuracy comparable to the more difficult constant-infusion method

  3. Preclinical evaluation of (111)In-DTPA-INCA-X anti-Ku70/Ku80 monoclonal antibody in prostate cancer.

    OpenAIRE

    Evans, Susan; Vilhelmsson Timmermand, Oskar; Welinder, Charlotte; Borrebaeck, Carl AK; Strand, Sven-Erik; Tran, Thuy; Jansson, Bo; Bjartell, Anders

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this investigation was to assess the Ku70/Ku80 complex as a potential target for antibody imaging of prostate cancer. We evaluated the in vivo and ex vivo tumor targeting and biodistribution of the (111)In-labeled human internalizing antibody, INCA-X ((111)In-DTPA-INCA-X antibody), in NMRI-nude mice bearing human PC-3, PC-3M-Lu2 or DU145 xenografts. DTPA-conjugated, non-labeled antibody was pre-administered at different time-points followed by a single intravenous injection of (111...

  4. Fingerprint Image Enhancement Based on Second Directional Derivative of the Digital Image

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Onnia Vesa

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a novel approach of fingerprint image enhancement that relies on detecting the fingerprint ridges as image regions where the second directional derivative of the digital image is positive. A facet model is used in order to approximate the derivatives at each image pixel based on the intensity values of pixels located in a certain neighborhood. We note that the size of this neighborhood has a critical role in achieving accurate enhancement results. Using neighborhoods of various sizes, the proposed algorithm determines several candidate binary representations of the input fingerprint pattern. Subsequently, an output binary ridge-map image is created by selecting image zones, from the available binary image candidates, according to a MAP selection rule. Two public domain collections of fingerprint images are used in order to objectively assess the performance of the proposed fingerprint image enhancement approach.

  5. Design, Synthesis, and Biological Evaluation of Scutellarein Derivatives Based on Scutellarin Metabolic Mechanism In Vivo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Ze-Xi; Shi, Zhi-Hao; Li, Nian-Guang; Zhang, Wei; Gu, Ting; Zhang, Peng-Xuan; Wu, Wen-Yu; Tang, Yu-Ping; Fang, Fang; Xue, Xin; Li, He-Min; Cheng, Hai-Bo; Yang, Jian-Ping; Duan, Jin-Ao

    2016-06-01

    Three series of scutellarein derivatives have been designed and synthesized based on metabolic mechanism of scutellarin (1) in vivo. Their thrombin inhibition activities were tested through the analyzation of prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), thrombin time (TT), and fibrinogen (FIB). The antioxidant activities of these target products were assessed by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH) assay and the ability to protect PC12 cells against H2 O2 -induced cytotoxicity, and their solubilities were evaluated by ultraviolet (UV) spectrophotometer. The results showed that the two isopropyl groups substituted derivative (18c) demonstrated stronger anticoagulant activity, better water solubility, and good antioxidant activity compared with scutellarein (2), which warrants further development of 18c as a promising agent for ischemic cerebrovascular disease treatment. PMID:26808289

  6. Noninvasive assessment of tumor hypoxia with 99mTc labeled Schiff base derivative of metronidazole

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The presence of hypoxic cells in cancerous lesions is believed to be one of the major reasons for the failure of radiotherapy. Metronidazole is a nitroimidazole derivative which has a tendency to accumulate in the hypoxic regions. Imidazoles are reduced intracellularly in all cells, but in the absence of adequate supplies of oxygen, they undergo further reduction to more reactive products that bind to cell components. The reduction pathway can proceed in successive steps past the hydroxylamine derivative to terminate at the relatively inactive amine derivative. This leads to the possibility of envisaging these compounds as radiosensitive, the agents, which enhance the lethal effect of ionizing radiations for hypoxic tissues. Materials and Methods: Metronidazole was reacted with 2-iodoxybenzoic acid followed by the subsequent reaction with diethylenetriamine resulting into synthesis of Schiff base derivative which was characterized on the basis of spectroscopic techniques. Radiocomplexation was performed with 99mTc for in vivo tumor imaging applications, blood kinetics and biodistribution studies of the radiotracer developed. Result: The newly synthesized Schiff base of metronidazole was fully characterized by spectroscopic techniques, 1H, 13C NMR, mass spectroscopy and IR spectroscopy. The radioconjugate was found to be sufficiently stable in vitro as well as in vivo upto 24 h. Blood clearance of the radiotracer in rabbit was found to be more rapid (t1/2(F)=27±1.4 minutes) and (t1/2(S)=3hr 48±8.4 minutes). The biodistribution in athymic mice showed high tumor uptake (4.93 ± 0.22% ID/g) and low normal organs uptake. Conclusion: Above results showed that 99mTc labeled compound acts as a specific marker accumulated in hypoxic tumor. Excellent biodistribution characteristics support the concept of its utility as specific radiopharmaceutical for imaging hypoxic tumors

  7. Scintiscanning with aerosols of 99Tcm DTPA in the diagnostic strategy for pneumocystosis in aids patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pulmonary clearance of an aerosol of 99Tcm DTPA was measured in 21 non-smoking AIDS and pneumocystosis patients. The results were compared with those of pulmonary scintiscanning with gallium. All the patients exhibited increased clearance, evidence of a considerable alteration in alveolar permeability. This increase was also observed in patients with normal chest X-rays and normal blood gases. The average clearance in these patients was 6 ± 2% min-1 as compared with a normal 1.1 ± 0.3% min-1. Conversely, only four out of eight patients with normal chest X-rays had abnormal gallium scans. Clearance returned to normal after recovery. Measurement of DTPA clearance appears to be a very sensitive indicator for the detection and follow-up of pneumocystosis. However, it is not very specific since it can be increased by tobacco poisoning, drug abuse and the presence of lymphocytic alveolitis. An examination with normal findings can therefore exclude the possibility of opportunistic pneumopathy and make bronchial lavage unnecessary. An examination with abnormal findings should show whether lavage is indicated, even if the chest X-rays, blood gases and gallium scans are normal. (author). 9 refs, 2 tabs

  8. Gadolinium-DTPA enhancement of symptomatic nerve roots in MRI of the lumbar spine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Disc prolapse presenting with sciatica may be associated with enhancement of the symptomatic nerve root following magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with intravenous gadolinium (Gd)-DTPA. Previous studies have shown, however, that this does not occur in all cases. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of nerve root enhancement in patients with sciatica and disc prolapse and to try to identify any specific features that might be associated with the phenomenon. A total of 227 patients presenting with low back pain and/or sciatica underwent a MRI study of the lumbar spine with intravenous contrast enhancement. Nineteen of 81 (23.5 %) patients with disc prolapse demonstrated nerve root enhancement. Nerve root enhancement had a highly significant association with sequestrated disc lesions (13/19, 68 %; P < 0.0005), and was primarily seen in the symptomatic ipsilateral nerve root (16/19, 84 %). The sensitivity of nerve root enhancement associated with disc prolapse was 23.5 % with a specificity of 95.9 %, a positive predictive value of 76 % and a negative predictive value of 69.3 %. Nerve root enhancement may be indicative of the symptomatic level but its poor sensitivity negates the routine use of Gd-DTPA in MRI for sciatica. (orig.)

  9. Detection of the dynamic renal function using MRI by gadolinium-DTPA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Torii, Shinichiro; Machida, Toyohei; Ohoishi, Yukihiko; Tateno, Yukio; Fukuda, Nobuo.

    1988-06-01

    The mathematical study of dynamic renal function and the simulation of renal disorder in rabbit kidney using MRI by Gd-DTPA were performed. T1 of rabbit kidney, which had been operated (complete unilateral ureteral occlusion or incomplete unilateral occlusion of renal artery) was calculated before and after intravenous injection of 0.05 mmol/kg Gd-DTPA, continuously for 90 minutes. All images were obtained by the 0.1 Tesla resistive type MRI. The changes of 1/T1 of cortex and medulla of both kidneys were calculated (MRI renogram). The 4 compartment model of bilateral kidneys was established by 6 normal MRI renogram and renal blood flow-glommelurar function parameter and tubural excration function parameter were calculated by the Runge-Kutta-Gill method and the nonlinear least squares method (Simplex method). The change of renogram pattern was observed by the mathematical change of such parameters and comparative study was performed between such mathematical simulation and practical cases. The actual change of such parameters were calculated by the experimental model of rabbit kidney. It was concluded that the change of MRI renogram pattern was sensitive for unilateral hydronephrosis, renal parenchymal dysfunction by obstructive uropathy and unilateral renal arterial stenosis. Quantitative observation of focal renal parenchymal dysfunction, which was induced by ureteral obstruction, was possible. In the near future it will be also possible to detect acculate ERBF and GFR by the measurement of T1 of human kidney.

  10. The detection of the dynamic renal function using MRI by gadolinium-DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The mathematical study of dynamic renal function and the simulation of renal disorder in rabbit kidney using MRI by Gd-DTPA were performed. T1 of rabbit kidney, which had been operated (complete unilateral ureteral occlusion or incomplete unilateral occlusion of renal artery) was calculated before and after intravenous injection of 0.05 mmol/kg Gd-DTPA, continuously for 90 minutes. All images were obtained by the 0.1 Tesla resistive type MRI. The changes of 1/T1 of cortex and medulla of both kidneys were calculated (MRI renogram). The 4 compartment model of bilateral kidneys was established by 6 normal MRI renogram and renal blood flow-glommelurar function parameter and tubural excration function parameter were calculated by the Runge-Kutta-Gill method and the nonlinear least squares method (Simplex method). The change of renogram pattern was observed by the mathematical change of such parameters and comparative study was performed between such mathematical simulation and practical cases. The actual change of such parameters were calculated by the experimental model of rabbit kidney. It was concluded that the change of MRI renogram pattern was sensitive for unilateral hydronephrosis, renal parenchymal dysfunction by obstructive uropathy and unilateral renal arterial stenosis. Quantitative observation of focal renal parenchymal dysfunction, which was induced by ureteral obstruction, was possible. In the near future it will be also possible to detect acculate ERBF and GFR by the measurement of T1 of human kidney. (author)

  11. Quantitative evaluation of relative separate renal perfusion and function with Tc-99m-DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new method of quantitative measurement of relative separate renal perfusion and function, using Tc-99m-DTPA and a scintillation camera interfaced to a computer was evaluated in various unilateral renal diseases. 1) Relative separate renal perfusion and function ratios with Tc-99m-DTPA were correlated well with I-131-Hippuran (r = 0.974). 2) Normal values in the subjects with healthy kidneys (n = 42) were as follows; Left kidney: 52.22 +- 2.5%, Right kidney: 47.8 +- 2.5%. No significant difference was noted between sexes. 3) Relative separate renal perfusion and function ratios and count densities of the diseased kidneys in unilateral obstructive uropathy (n = 28) and renal artery stenosis (n = 5) were significantly decreased (p < 0.001) in comparison with normal kidneys. Renal sizes of the diseased kidneys in renal artery stenosis were also significantly decreased (p < 0.001). However, no significant decrease was noted in unilateral obstructive uropathy. This method is simple, atraumatic and of great clinical value to detect unilateral renal disease and to evaluate or follow-up the functioning state of the diseased kidney. (author)

  12. DTPA-Extractable Zinc in Rice Soils and its Availability to Rice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dhaneshwar Padhan

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Zinc (Zn deficiency is a fairly wide spread agronomic constraint in many of the world rice production regions. Information on soil Zn distribution is essential for understanding its chemical reactions and bioavailability. In this backdrop, we tried to find out the relationship between physic-chemical properties and DTPA-extractable Zn (available Zn content of rice soils. For this eighty four (84 surface soil samples (0-20cm were collected from three villages (viz. Saharapali, Nuagarh and Adgaon of Bargarh district under the Hirakud Command Area of Odisha. Analytical observations revealed that the soils were slightly acidic in reaction with moderately high content of soil organic carbon. Considering the critical limit of available Zn in soils to be 0.6 mg kg-1, all soils of the study area were found to be well supplied with DTPA-extractable Zn. Soil organic carbon (SOC content maintained positive and significant correlation with available zinc content in soils. However, soil pH showed significant but negative correlation with available zinc content of soils.

  13. Effects of sustained exercise on pulmonary clearance of aerosolized 99mTc-DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effects of intensive prolonged exercise on the pulmonary clearance rate of aerosolized 99mTc-labeled diethylenetriaminepentaacetate (99mTc-DTPA) and pulmonary mechanics were studied in seven healthy nonsmoking volunteers. 99mTc-DTPA clearance and pulmonary mechanics (lung volumes and compliance) were assessed before and after 75 min of constant-load exercise performed on a treadmill, corresponding to 75% of maximal O2 uptake. Because both clearance measurements were made in similar conditions of pulmonary blood flow, respiratory rate, and tidal volume, changes in clearance rate can be assumed to represent changes of alveolar epithelial permeability. After exercise, total, apical, and basal clearance were significantly increased (P less than 0.01, 0.05, and 0.05, respectively) and the increases in total clearance and tidal volume observed during exercise were significantly correlated (P less than 0.05). In contrast, no significant change was found in pulmonary mechanics. These results show that prolonged intensive exercise induces an increase in epithelial permeability, which appears to be related to the mechanical effects of sustained increased ventilation. Because no change was evidenced in pulmonary volumes or in lung elasticity, our results suggest that this increase may result from alteration of the intercellular tight junctions rather than from a surfactant deficiency

  14. Use of Gd-DTPA as a contrast agent for MR pediatric neuroradiology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports on a prospective study performed to assess the value and safety of Gd-DTPA as contrast agent for MR pediatric neuroradiology. One hundred consecutive unselected pediatric patients (age range, 3 days--14 years) were included in the study; 30 were referred for spine and 70 for brain MR examinations. Conventional T1- and T2-weighted images (acquired with a superconducting magnet operating at 1.5T) were obtained in every patient, followed by T1-weighted images acquired immediately after intravenous Gd-DTPA injection (0.1 mmol/kg body weight). Findings were confirmed either at surgery or biopsy or with follow-up MR examinations or other imaging modalities. No side effects were encountered in the group of pediatric patients. As in adult patients, the main indications for use of MR contrast medium were spine examinations better contrast between abnormality and normal surrounding tissue, better discrimination between solid and cystic portions of an intramedullary tumor, brain tumors (better discrimination between tumor core and surrounding edema), and follow-up MR studies of surgically treated brain tumors (better discrimination between recurrent or residual tumor and postoperative changes)

  15. Re-estimation of renal function with 99mTc-DTPA by the Gates' method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We analyzed a regression equation between percent total renal uptake (%TRU) of 99mTc-DTPA and creatinine clearance (Ccr) by the Gates' method in 82 patients. 1) The following regression equations between measured renal depth on CT scan and (weight in kg)/(height in cm) in Japanese were obtained; Right in both kidneys = 13.6361 · (W/H)0.6996 (n = 217, r = 0.86691, p 0.7554 (n = 224, r = 0.8822, p 0.8099 (n = 27, r = 0.9515, p 0.6997 (n = 21, r = 0.9213, p 2) = 13.15 · %TRU0.787 (n = 86, r = 0.820, p 0.753 (n = 40, r = 0.754). The Gates' method is very convenient for an immediate estimation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) after renal scintigraphy using 99mTc-DTPA. However, the correlation coefficient was not high as compared to the Gates' results. The equation which was reported by Gates' is not necessarily adaptable in routine study. Each facility which uses the Gates' method for estimating GFR should obtain the corrected regression equation between %TRU and Ccr. (author)

  16. External monitoring of kidney transplant function using Tc-99m(Sn)DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of an external counting technique to provide daily monitoring of kidney transplant function by measuring the renal clearance of Tc-99m(Sn)DTPA. During the first few weeks following transplant, 15 patients had their renal clearance of Tc-99m DTPA measured daily over periods of 5-24 hr. Clearance rates were compared with daily plasma creatinine levels, and the effects of diurnal variation, drug treatment, and physical activity noted. The results show that any significant fall in clearance rate of chelate, indicating a rejection episode, preceded a rise in plasma creatinine levels by at least 24 hr. One episode of transplant failure presented as a sudden deterioration in clearance rate of chelate; in the others the change was more gradual but was still apparent within hours. It is considered that this noninvasive, low-dose, easy-to-perform technique is of considerable value in extended daily monitoring of renal function and is superior to standard daily or twice-weekly renography for the early detection of transplant rejection

  17. Synthesis and characterisation of [90Y]-Bz-DTPA-oct: a yttrium-90-labelled octreotide analogue for radiotherapy of somatostatin receptor-positive tumours

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An investigation into the in vitro behaviour of two yttrium-90-labelled somatostatin analogues was performed. Further in vivo characterisation was performed with the most promising agent. A new DTPA-octreotide analogue (Bz-DTPA-oct) was synthesised by coupling a bifunctional DTPA chelator to the N-terminal amine of the D-Phe1 of Tyr3-octreotide. This new SRIF analogue and DTPA-octreotide (OctreoScan) were radiolabelled with 90Y prior to serum stability being evaluated. Receptor binding assays were also performed on the two radioligands using rat cortex membranes. The [90Y]-Bz-DTPA-oct was further evaluated in vivo using tumour-bearing rats. The first conjugate (DTPA-octreotide) bound with a high affinity to SRIF receptors and the 90Y complex was relatively stable in human serum (t 1/2 3.8 d for 90Y lost to serum proteins). The second conjugate (Bz-DTPA-oct) also exhibited a high binding affinity to SRIF receptors, but it demonstrated an even slower loss of 90Y to serum proteins (t1/2 12.1 d). The in vivo evaluation of the more stable [90Y]-Bz-DTPA-oct showed a very rapid and high accumulation in somatostatin receptor-positive tumours, which after 1 h resulted in tumour/nontumour ratios of 3.8, 21, and 4.9 (for blood, muscle, and liver, respectively). These tumour/nontumour ratios increased, and were by 24 h postinjection 138, 285, and 6.1 (for blood, muscle, and liver). Yttrium-90-labelled Bz-DTPa-oct is rapidly and selectively accumulated in somatostatin receptor-positive tissue. Octadentate Bz-DTPA-oct could be ligand for 90Y radiotherapy of somatostatin receptor-positive tumours and their metastases

  18. SYNTHESIS AND DOCKING STUDIES OF SCHIFF BASES DERIVED FROM 4-AMINOPYRIDINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayita Nandi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available A Schiff base is a compound with a functional group that contains a carbon-nitrogen double bond with the nitrogen atom connected to aryl or alkyl group. In the present study, schiff bases were synthesized using 4-amino pyridine and different aldehydes, after assessing the drug likeliness properties. The structure of synthesised compounds were characterized by IR, NMR and Mass spectroscopic techniques. Docking studies were carried out for the schiff bases derived from 4-amino pyridine using Molegro Virtual Docker and protein beta-ketoacyl acyl carrier protein synthase II (mtKasB enzyme was selected as the target for M. tuberculosis. The results of docking study was compared with the standard drug isoniazid and the significant results were obtained.

  19. Derivative Trade Optimizing Model Utilizing GP Based on Behavioral Finance Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsumura, Koki; Kawamoto, Masaru

    This paper proposed a new technique which makes the strategy trees for the derivative (option) trading investment decision based on the behavioral finance theory and optimizes it using evolutionary computation, in order to achieve high profitability. The strategy tree uses a technical analysis based on a statistical, experienced technique for the investment decision. The trading model is represented by various technical indexes, and the strategy tree is optimized by the genetic programming(GP) which is one of the evolutionary computations. Moreover, this paper proposed a method using the prospect theory based on the behavioral finance theory to set psychological bias for profit and deficit and attempted to select the appropriate strike price of option for the higher investment efficiency. As a result, this technique produced a good result and found the effectiveness of this trading model by the optimized dealings strategy.

  20. Metal-based biologically active azoles and β-lactams derived from sulfa drugs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebrahimi, Hossein Pasha; Hadi, Jabbar S; Almayah, Abdulelah A; Bolandnazar, Zeinab; Swadi, Ali G; Ebrahimi, Amirpasha

    2016-03-01

    Metal complexes of Schiff bases derived from sulfamethoxazole (SMZ) and sulfathiazole (STZ), converted to their β-lactam derivatives have been synthesized and experimentally characterized by elemental analysis, spectral (IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, and EI-mass), molar conductance measurements and thermal analysis techniques. The structural and electronic properties of the studied molecules were investigated theoretically by performing density functional theory (DFT) to access reliable results to the experimental values. The spectral and thermal analysis reveals that the Schiff bases act as bidentate ligands via the coordination of azomethine nitrogen to metal ions as well as the proton displacement from the phenolic group through the metal ions; therefore, Cu complexes can attain the square planner arrangement and Zn complexes have a distorted tetrahedral structure. The thermogravimetric (TG/DTG) analyses confirm high stability for all complexes followed by thermal decomposition in different steps. In addition, the antibacterial activities of synthesized compounds have been screened in vitro against various pathogenic bacterial species. Inspection of the results revealed that all newly synthesized complexes individually exhibit varying degrees of inhibitory effects on the growth of the tested bacterial species, therefore, they may be considered as drug candidates for bacterial pathogens. The free Schiff base ligands (1-2) exhibited a broad spectrum antibacterial activity against Gram negative Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Proteus spp., and Gram positive Staphylococcus aureus bacterial strains. The results also indicated that the β-lactam derivatives (3-4) have high antibacterial activities on Gram positive bacteria as well as the metal complexes (5-8), particularly Zn complexes, have a significant activity against all Gram negative bacterial strains. It has been shown that the metal complexes have significantly higher activity than corresponding

  1. Stereochemistry and spectroscopic analysis of bis-Betti base derivatives of 2,3-dihydroxynaphthalene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamani, Mehdi; Shafiee, Mehdi; Keshavarz, Mohammad Hossein

    2016-04-01

    Density functional theory (DFT) was used to study the stereochemistry, thermodynamic stability, and spectra of recently synthesized bis-Betti base derivatives of 2,3-dihydroxynaphthalene obtained through multicomponent reactions of 2,3-dihydroxynaphthalene with aminoisoxazole and benzaldehyde derivatives. The stereochemistry of the products was investigated by theoretically calculating the infrared (IR) and proton nuclear magnetic resonance ((1)H NMR) spectra of the diastereomers and comparing them to the corresponding experimental data. The thermochemical properties of the reactions, including the enthalpy, internal energy, entropy, and Gibbs free energy, were also calculated. The diastereoselectivity of the reactions was estimated from the equilibrium distribution of diastereomers. According to the results, the synthesis of bis-Betti bases is exothermic and accompanied by a decrease in entropy. The energy difference between the diastereomers is quite small, but the Gibbs free energy change for the equilibrium syn [Formula: see text] anti favors the anti over syn configuration. These results are in good agreement with experimental observations. Graphical Abstract Calculated and experimental IR spectrum for bis-Betti base 2 (mixture of anti and syn configurations). PMID:26994020

  2. Perspectives for Titanium-Derived Fillers Usage on Denture Base Composite Construction: A Review Article

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nidal W. Elshereksi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Poly(methyl methacrylate (PMMA is an extensively used material in dentistry because of its aesthetics, processability, and reparability. However, PMMA is still far from being ideal in fulfilling the mechanical requirements of prosthesis. PMMA-based denture base polymers exhibit low fracture resistance and radiopacity behavior. Efforts to improve the mechanical and radiopacity properties of denture base materials through inclusion of silica-based fillers are ongoing. Although silane-treated siliceous fillers are commonly used, they are not sufficiently strong. They also exhibit cracks, which either cut through the glass fillers or propagate around the filler particles. This defect occurs when the dental composites are placed in aqueous oral environment because of the hydrolytic degradation of silica-based fillers and silane-coupling agents. The clinical problem of using silanes in adhesion promotion is bond degradation over time in oral environment. In addition, silanes do not bond effectively to nonsilica-based dental restorative materials. This review presents titanium-derived fillers as alternatives to siliceous fillers. Titanate-coupling agents are found to be effective couplers in treating Ti-based fillers because of their chemical compatibility and relatively high stability in aqueous environment.

  3. Evaluation of deriving fire cycle of forested landscape based on time-since-fire distribution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Quan-fa; Kurt S. Pregitzer; JIANG Ming-xi; CHEN Wen-jun

    2006-01-01

    Estimation of fire cycle has been conducted by using the negative exponential function as an approximation of time-since-fire distribution of a landscape assumed .to be homogeneous with respect to fire spread processes. The authors imposed predefined fire cycles on a virtual landscape of 100 cell ×100 cell, and obtained a mosaic composing of patches with different stand ages (i.e. time since fire). Graphical and statistical methods (Van Wagner 1978; Reed et al. 1998) were employed to derive fire cycle from the virtual landscape. By comparing the predefined and the derived fire cycles, the two methods and tested the effects of sample size and hazard of burning (i.e., stand's susceptibility to fire in relation to its stand age) were evaluated on fire cycle deviation. The simulation results indicated a minimum sample size of 10 times of the annual burnt area would be required for partitioning time-since-fire distribution into homogeneous epochs indicating temporal change in fire cycle. Statistically, there was significant difference among the imposed and the derived fire cycle, regardless of sample sizes with or without consideration of hazard of burning. Both methods underestimated the more recent fire cycle without significant difference between them. The results imply that deviation of fire cycle based on time-since-fire distribution warrants cautious interpretation, especially when a landscape is spatially partitioned into small units and temporal changes in fire cycle are involved.

  4. Deformation analysis of polymers composites: rheological model involving time-based fractional derivative

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, H. W.; Yi, H. Y.; Mishnaevsky, L.; Wang, R.; Duan, Z. Q.; Chen, Q.

    2016-08-01

    A modeling approach to time-dependent property of Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymers (GFRP) composites is of special interest for quantitative description of long-term behavior. An electronic creep machine is employed to investigate the time-dependent deformation of four specimens of dog-bond-shaped GFRP composites at various stress level. A negative exponent function based on structural changes is introduced to describe the damage evolution of material properties in the process of creep test. Accordingly, a new creep constitutive equation, referred to fractional derivative Maxwell model, is suggested to characterize the time-dependent behavior of GFRP composites by replacing Newtonian dashpot with the Abel dashpot in the classical Maxwell model. The analytic solution for the fractional derivative Maxwell model is given and the relative parameters are determined. The results estimated by the fractional derivative Maxwell model proposed in the paper are in a good agreement with the experimental data. It is shown that the new creep constitutive model proposed in the paper needs few parameters to represent various time-dependent behaviors.

  5. Adjusting Lidar-Derived Digital Terrain Models in Coastal Marshes Based on Estimated Aboveground Biomass Density

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen Medeiros

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Digital elevation models (DEMs derived from airborne lidar are traditionally unreliable in coastal salt marshes due to the inability of the laser to penetrate the dense grasses and reach the underlying soil. To that end, we present a novel processing methodology that uses ASTER Band 2 (visible red, an interferometric SAR (IfSAR digital surface model, and lidar-derived canopy height to classify biomass density using both a three- class scheme (high, medium and low and a two-class scheme (high and low. Elevation adjustments associated with these classes using both median and quartile approaches were applied to adjust lidar-derived elevation values closer to true bare earth elevation. The performance of the method was tested on 229 elevation points in the lower Apalachicola River Marsh. The two-class quartile-based adjusted DEM produced the best results, reducing the RMS error in elevation from 0.65 m to 0.40 m, a 38% improvement. The raw mean errors for the lidar DEM and the adjusted DEM were 0.61 ± 0.24 m and 0.32 ± 0.24 m, respectively, thereby reducing the high bias by approximately 49%.

  6. Hybrid method for designing digital FIR filters based on fractional derivative constraints.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baderia, Kuldeep; Kumar, Anil; Kumar Singh, Girish

    2015-09-01

    In this manuscript, a hybrid approach based on Lagrange multiplier method and cuckoo search (CS) optimization technique is proposed for the design of linear phase finite impulse response (FIR) filters using fractional derivative constraints. In the proposed method, FIR filter is designed by optimizing the integral squares in passband and stopband from ideal response such that the fractional derivatives of designed filter response become zero at a given frequency point. Lagrange multiplier method is exploited for finding the optimized filter coefficients. Optimal value of fractional derivative constraints for optimized filter coefficients are determined by minimizing the objective function constructed using a sum of maximum passband ripple and maximum stopband ripple in frequency domain using CS algorithm. Performance of the proposed method is evaluated by passband error (ϕ(p)), stopband error (ϕ(s)), stopband attenuation (A(s)), maximum passband ripple (MPR), maximum stopband ripple (MSR) and CPU time. A comparative study of the performance of particle swarm optimization (PSO) and artificial bee colony (ABC) for designing FIR filters using the proposed method is also made. PMID:26142984

  7. Development of Ni-Based Catalysts for Steam Reforming of Tar Derived from Biomass Pyrolysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dalin LI; Yoshinao NAKAGAWA; Keiichi TOMISHIGE

    2012-01-01

    Nickel catalysts are effective for the steam reforming of tar derived from biomass pyrolysis,but the improvement is needed in terms of activity,stability,suppression of coke deposition and aggregation,and regeneration.Our recent development of Ni-based catalysts for the steam reforming of tar is reviewed including the modification with CeO2 (or MnO),trace Pt,and MgO.The role of additives such as CeO2,MnO,Pt,and MgO is also discussed.

  8. Complexes of trivalent lanthanide ions with schiff base derived from vanillin and triethylenetetraamine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Complexes of lanthanide(III) ions with the schiff base derived from vanillin and triethylenetetraamine have been synthesised and characterised on the basis of elemental analyses, molar conductance, magnetic moment, IR and thermal analysis data. The thermograms show the elimination (OH)(OCH3)C6H3CH-group at low temperatures before the elimination of triethylenetetraamine part corroborating the observation made on the basis of IR spectral data. This is a clear indication of the non-coordination of the phenolic hydroxyl groups. The lanthanide ions in the complexes exhibit eight coordination numbers. (author)

  9. Electrochemical Biosensors Based on Ferroceneboronic Acid and Its Derivatives: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baozhen Wang

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available We review recent progress in the development of electrochemical biosensors based on ferroceneboronic acid (FcBA and ferrocene (Fc-modified boronic acids. These compounds can be used to construct electrochemical biosensors because they consist of a binding site (i.e., a boronic acid moiety and an electrochemically active part (i.e., an Fc residue. By taking advantage of the unique properties of FcBA and its derivatives, electrochemical sensors sensitive to sugars, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c, fluoride (F− ions, and so forth have been widely studied. FcBA-based sugar sensors rely on the selective binding of FcBA to 1,2- or 1,3-diol residues of sugars through the formation of cyclic boronate ester bonds. The redox properties of FcBA-sugar adduct differ from those of free FcBA, which forms the basis of the electrochemical determination of sugars. Thus, non-enzymatic glucose sensors are now being actively studied using FcBA and Fc-modified boronic acids as redox markers. Using a similar principle, HbA1c can be detected by FcBA-based electrochemical systems because it contains hydrocarbon chains on the polypeptide chain. HbA1c sensors are useful for monitoring blood glucose levels over the preceding 8–12 weeks. In addition, FcBA and Fc-modified boronic acids have been used for the detection of F− ions due to the selective binding of boronic acid to F− ions. F−-ion sensors may be useful alternatives to conventional ion-selective electrodes sensitive to F− ion. Furthermore, FcBA derivatives have been studied to construct lectin; steroids; nucleotides; salicylic acid; and bacteria sensors. One of the limitations of FcBA-based sensors comes from the fact that FcBA derivatives are added in sample solutions as reagents. FcBA derivatives should be immobilized on the surface of electrodes for developing reagentless sensors.

  10. THE TEMPERATURE-BASED DERIVATIVES CONTRACTS – NEW PRODUCTS OF WEATHER RISK INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    Mirela MATEI; Cătălin VOICA

    2011-01-01

    The temperature-based derivatives contracts have appeared while the first deregulations in the utilities and the energy sectors from USA in the years 1990-2000. The transfer of the some services in the private sector has involved a better control of costs and revenues of different companies. The private investors who have turned to this area, have imposed a risk reduction management more complex than that used by any public company, in order to ensure their profits and a smaller variation of ...

  11. Integral Theorems Based on a New Gradient Operator Derived from Biomembranes (Part Ⅱ): Applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YIN Yajun

    2005-01-01

    Based on the second gradient operator and corresponding integral theorems such as the second divergence theorem, the second gradient theorem, the second curl theorem, and the second circulation theorem on curved surfaces, a few new scalar differential operators are defined and a series of integral transformations are derived. Interesting transformations between the average curvature and the Gauss curvature are presented. Various conserved integrals related to the Gauss curvature and the second fundamental tensor are disclosed. The important applications of the results in disciplines such as the geometry, physics, mechanics, and biology are briefly discussed.

  12. Synthesis, characterization and dynamic NMR studies of a novel chalcone based N-substituted morpholine derivative

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baskar, R.; Baby, C.; Moni, M. S.; Subramanian, K.

    2013-05-01

    The synthesis of a novel chalcone based N-substituted morpholine derivative namely, (E)-1-(biphenyl-4-yl)-3-(4-(5-morpholinopentyloxy) phenyl) prop-2-en-1-one (BMPP), using a two step protocol is reported. The compound is characterized by FTIR, GC-MS and FTNMR spectroscopy techniques. Advanced 2D NMR techniques such as gradient enhanced COSY, HSQC, HMBC and NOESY were employed to establish through-bond and through-space correlations. Dynamic NMR measurements were carried out to obtain the energy barrier to ring inversion of the morpholine moiety.

  13. Hybrid topological derivative and gradient-based methods for electrical impedance tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a technique to reconstruct the electromagnetic properties of a medium or a set of objects buried inside it from boundary measurements when applying electric currents through a set of electrodes. The electromagnetic parameters may be recovered by means of a gradient method without a priori information on the background. The shape, location and size of objects, when present, are determined by a topological derivative-based iterative procedure. The combination of both strategies allows improved reconstructions of the objects and their properties, assuming a known background. (paper)

  14. A derives grid-based model for simulation of pedestrian flow

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Min-jie CHEN; Günter B(A)RWOLFF; Hartmut SCHWANDT

    2009-01-01

    We present a derived grid-based model for the simulation of pedestrian flow. Interactions among pedestrians are considered as the result of forces within a certain neighbourhood. Unlike the social force model, the forces here, as in Newtonian physics, are proportional to the inverse of the square of the distance. Despite the notion of neighbourhood and the underlying grid, this model differs from the existing cellular automaton (CA) models in that the pedestrians are treated as individuals. Bresenham's algorithm for line rastering is applied in the step calculation.

  15. Gaussian higher Order Derivative based Structural Enhancement of Digital Bone X-Ray Images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raka Kundu

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A novel method for enhancement of digital X-ray images of bones is presented in this paper. It has come to observation that the proposed method based on the Gaussian higher order derivative shows an appreciable enhancement of edges in digital X-ray images of bones that can be used for detection of various bone deformities as well as for the better understanding of the bone structure. We have achieved a level of improvement in distinguishing the bone information from the other parts of the digital X-ray images.

  16. An efficient nonviral gene-delivery vector based on hyperbranched cationic glycogen derivatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liang X

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Xuan Liang,1,* Xianyue Ren,2,* Zhenzhen Liu,1 Yingliang Liu,1 Jue Wang,2 Jingnan Wang,2 Li-Ming Zhang,1 David YB Deng,2 Daping Quan,1 Liqun Yang1 1Institute of Polymer Science, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Key Laboratory of Designed Synthesis and Application of Polymer Material, Key Laboratory for Polymeric Composite and Functional Materials of Ministry of Education, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China; 2Research Center of Translational Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China *Both these authors contributed equally to this work Background: The purpose of this study was to synthesize and evaluate hyperbranched cationic glycogen derivatives as an efficient nonviral gene-delivery vector. Methods: A series of hyperbranched cationic glycogen derivatives conjugated with 3-(dimethylamino-1-propylamine (DMAPA-Glyp and 1-(2-aminoethyl piperazine (AEPZ-Glyp residues were synthesized and characterized by Fourier-transform infrared and hydrogen-1 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Their buffer capacity was assessed by acid–base titration in aqueous NaCl solution. Plasmid deoxyribonucleic acid (pDNA condensation ability and protection against DNase I degradation of the glycogen derivatives were assessed using agarose gel electrophoresis. The zeta potentials and particle sizes of the glycogen derivative/pDNA complexes were measured, and the images of the complexes were observed using atomic force microscopy. Blood compatibility and cytotoxicity were evaluated by hemolysis assay and MTT (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, respectively. pDNA transfection efficiency mediated by the cationic glycogen derivatives was evaluated by flow cytometry and fluorescence microscopy in the 293T (human embryonic kidney and the CNE2 (human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell lines. In vivo delivery of pDNA in model animals (Sprague Dawley

  17. Utility of radioisotopic filtration markers in chronic renal insufficiency: Simultaneous comparison of 125I-iothalamate, 169Yb-DTPA, 99mTc-DTPA, and inulin. The Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Assessment of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) with inulin is cumbersome and time-consuming. Radioisotopic filtration markers have been studied as filtration markers because they can be used without continuous intravenous (IV) infusion and because analysis is relatively simple. Although the clearances of 99mTc-DTPA, 169Yb-DTPA, and 125I-iothalamate have each been compared with inulin, rarely has the comparability of radioisotopic filtration markers been directly evaluated in the same subject. To this purpose, we determined the renal clearance of inulin administered by continuous infusion and the above radioisotopic filtration markers administered as bolus injections, simultaneously in four subjects with normal renal function and 16 subjects with renal insufficiency. Subjects were studied twice in order to assess within-study and between-study variability. Unlabeled iothalamate was infused during the second half of each study to assess its effect on clearances. We found that renal clearance of 125I-iothalamate and 169Yb-DTPA significantly exceeded clearance of inulin in patients with renal insufficiency, but only by several mL.min-1.1.73m-2. Overestimation of inulin clearance by radioisotopic filtration markers was found in all normal subjects. No differences between markers were found in the coefficient of variation of clearances either between periods on a given study day (within-day variability) or between the two study days (between-day variability). The true test variability between days did not correlate with within-test variability. We conclude that the renal clearance of 99mTc-DTPA, 169Yb-DTPA, or 125I-iothalamate administered as a single IV or subcutaneous injection can be used to accurately measure GFR in subjects with renal insufficiency; use of the single injection technique may overestimate GFR in normal subjects

  18. Preparation of 177Lu-DOTA/DTPA-Bz-Cys-RGD dimer and biodistribution evaluation in normal mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    177Lu-DOTA-Bz-Cys-RGD dimer and 177Lu-DTPA-Bz-Cys-RGD dimer were prepared, and the in vitro and in vivo properties were compared. TLC and HPLC show that the labeling yields of two radiolabeled compounds are more than 95% under optimal conditions (pH=5.0, reacting at 100 degree C for 15-20 min), and the two radiolabeled compounds show pretty good in vitro stability. HPLC analyses and lg P values reveal that lipophilicity of 177Lu-DOTA-Bz-Cys- RGD dimer is higher than 177Lu-DTPA-Bz-Cys-RGD dimer. The uptake of 177Lu-DTPA-Bz-Cys- RGD dimer in other tissues is significantly higher than that of 177Lu-DOTA-Bz-Cys-RGD dimer at 4 h postinjection, except for blood and spleen. The in vivo stability of 177Lu-DOTA-Bz-Cys-RGD dimer is much better than 177Lu-DTPA-Bz-Cys-RGD dimer. Bz-DOTA is an ideal bifunctional chelator for 177Lu labeling of RGD dimer. (authors)

  19. Biokinetics of 111In-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide in nude mice transplanted with a human carcinoid tumor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The long time biokinetics of the radiolabeled somatostatin analogues 111In-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide was studied in nude mice transplanted with the human carcinoid tumor, GOT1. The results were compared with those from the patient with the original tumor. This patient has been diagnosed and later treated with 111In-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide. The animals received about 2 MBq 111In-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide (0.1 μg) by injection into a tail vein. The animals were killed 0.5 h-14 d after injection of the radiopharmaceutical. Tumor tissue and normal tissues were collected and weighed and measured for 111In activity. The 111In uptake in the tumor was higher than in all normal tissues except the kidneys. The tumor-to-normal-tissue activity concentration, TNC, increased with time for all normal tissues studied. These data were similar to those observed for the original tumor in the patient. The similar biokinetics for 111In-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide in the tumor-bearing mice and the patient makes this animal model suitable as a model for evaluation of therapy of somatostatin receptor (sstr) expressing tumors with radiolabeled somatostatin analogues. Furthermore, the increase with time of TNC both in mice and the patient indicates that long-lived radionuclides are preferred for therapy with radiolabeled somatostatin analogues

  20. Serial assessment of the area at risk in myocardial infarction with Gd-DTPA-enhanced MR imaging in humans

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experimental studies have shown that the region of increased myocardial signal intensity with Gd-DTPA correlates with the area at risk but overestimates the infarct size. The authors have assessed the evolution of the area at risk in acute myocardial infarction in seven patients, using Gd-DTPA enhanced MR imaging at 1 and 2 weeks after the acute event. Multisection MR imaging of the total left ventricle was performed at 0.5 T after injection of 0.2 mmol/kg of Gd-DTPA. The area with a signal intensity greater than that of normal myocardium (± 2SDs) was designated as the area at risk in each section. The summation of these areas was measured by two observers at 1 and 2 weeks after infarction; intra- and interobserver variability was 3%. The area at risk ranged from 3% to 18%; at 2 weeks the size of the area at risk showed only slight changes (P = not significant). The authors discuss how Gd- DTPA enhances the area at risk and may be useful in assessing the evolution of the size of this area

  1. Glomerular filtration rate in relation to extracellular fluid volume: similarity between 99mTc-DTPA and inulin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of the present study was to compare 99mTc-DTPA plasma clearance kinetics with those of inulin, injected simultaneously, with respect especially to α2, rapidity of equilibration within the distribution volume and the components and size of the distribution volume. (orig./MG)

  2. Use of /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA for detection and localization of site of acute gastrointestinal bleeding

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abdel-Dayem, H.; Owuwanne, A.; Nawaz, K.; Kouris, K.; Higazy, E.; Mahajan, K.; Ericsson, S.; Awdeh, M.

    1988-05-01

    Intravenously injected /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA was evaluated in 64 patients for its efficiency in detecting and localizing sites of acute upper and lower gastrointestinal (G.I.) bleeding. These studies were correlated with endoscopic and surgical findings. There were 34 bleeders and 30 non bleeders giving a sensitivity of 90%, specificity of 82% and accuracy of 86%. Of these, 49 were upper G.I. studies (stomach 21 and duodenum 28) and 15 were lower G.I. studies (small intestine 8, large bowel 7). Of the 49 upper G.I. studies, 27 showed active bleeding while 22 showed no bleeding at the time of the study resulting in a sensitivity of 87.5%, specificity of 76% and accuracy of 82%. Of the 15 lower G.I. studies, 7 were bleeders while 8 were non bleeders. All the lower G.I. bleeding sites were accurately localized with the /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA. An incidental finding of these studies was the localization of /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA in the site of inflammatory and malignant lesions of the G.I. tract. Of the 64 studies, 18 inflammatory and malignant lesions were detected with the IV injected /sup 99m/Tc-DTPA; 10 were bleeders while 8 were non bleeders. Image subtraction of early from delayed images was helpful to differentiate bleeding from non bleeding cases in this last group of studies.

  3. The use of 99mTc-DTPA for detection and localization of site of acute gastrointestinal bleeding

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Intravenously injected 99mTc-DTPA was evaluated in 64 patients for its efficiency in detecting and localizing sites of acute upper and lower gastrointestinal (G.I.) bleeding. These studies were correlated with endoscopic and surgical findings. There were 34 bleeders and 30 non bleeders giving a sensitivity of 90%, specificity of 82% and accuracy of 86%. Of these, 49 were upper G.I. studies (stomach 21 and duodenum 28) and 15 were lower G.I. studies (small intestine 8, large bowel 7). Of the 49 upper G.I. studies, 27 showed active bleeding while 22 showed no bleeding at the time of the study resulting in a sensitivity of 87.5%, specificity of 76% and accuracy of 82%. Of the 15 lower G.I. studies, 7 were bleeders while 8 were non bleeders. All the lower G.I. bleeding sites were accurately localized with the 99mTc-DTPA. An incidental finding of these studies was the localization of 99mTc-DTPA in the site of inflammatory and malignant lesions of the G.I. tract. Of the 64 studies, 18 inflammatory and malignant lesions were detected with the IV injected 99mTc-DTPA; 10 were bleeders while 8 were non bleeders. Image subtraction of early from delayed images was helpful to differentiate bleeding from non bleeding cases in this last group of studies. (orig.)

  4. 177Lu-DTPA-BIS-BIOTIN Binding of Octreotide-dextran-avidinated PANC-1 Cell Lines in Vitro

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tyr3-octreotide, dextran-40 and avidin were used to prepare octreotide-dextran-avidin (TOC-Dx40-Av). DTPA-BIS-BIOTIN was labelled with 177Lu. The in vitro somatostatin receptor binding study was carried out by pretargeted method using TOC-Dx40-Av and 177Lu-DTPA-BIS-BIOTIN. The 24 well cell culture plates were prepared with PANC-1 cell monolayer and then incubated with TOC-Dx40-Av. After two washed with PBS, the cells were incubated with different concentration of 177Lu-DTPA-BIS-BIOTIN (48.8 ∼ 391 pmol). Cells uptake was evaluated with γ counter. The results showed that the chemical purity of TOC-Dx40-Av was over 99%. The results also showed that TOC-Dx40-Av remained high receptor binding affinity to somatostatin receptor which indicated that TOC- Dx40-Av could bind to 177Lu-DTPA-BIS-BIOTIN with the molar ratio of 1 : 1 on the cell surface. (authors)

  5. Analyses of 99Tcm-DTPA dynamic kidney imaging on 346 patients of upper urinary tract calculi

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To explore the clinical value of 99Tcm-DTPA renal dynamic imaging in evaluating renal function of the patients with upper urinary tract calculi. Methods: The results of 99Tcm-DTPA renal dynamic imaging, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), intravenous pyelography (IVP), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine (SCr) in 346 patients with upper urinary tract calculi diseases were analyzed retrospectively. These 346 patients were divided into four groups according to their total GFR value. Results: (1) The renal dynamic imaging in 346 patients could accurately reflect the function of the two kidneys. GFR was negatively related to the serum BUN and SCr levels (r=-0.458, P=0.000 and r=-0.542, P=0.000). (2) The BUN and SCr levels showed significant difference among the four groups (F=49.23, P=0.000 and F=80.66, P=0.000). There were no significant difference of the BUN and SCr levels found between group 1 and group 2 (P=0.119, P=0.088, respectively), while significant difference of the BUN and SCr levels found among the other groups (P99Tcm-DTPA renal dynamic imaging, the mean GFR was (21.89±12.81)ml/min. Conclusion: 99Tcm-DTPA renal dynamic imaging is valuable to early evaluate the renal function, especially for the sick renal function in IVP detection failed patients. (authors)

  6. Determination of kidney function with 99mTc-DTPA renography using a dual-head camera

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Claus J; Møller, Michael L; Zerahn, Bo;

    2013-01-01

    Single-head gamma camera renography has been used for decades to estimate kidney function. An estimate of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) can be obtained using Tc-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Tc-DTPA). However, because of differing attenuation, an error is introduced when the kidney...

  7. Measurement of the arterial concentration of Gd-DTPA using MRI: a step toward quantitative perfusion imaging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fritz-Hansen, T; Rostrup, Egill; Larsson, H B; Søndergaard, Lise; Ring, P; Henriksen, O

    1996-01-01

    A noninvasive method using an inversion recovery turbo-FLASH for dynamic measurement of the arterial input function represented by the bolus passage of Gd-DTPA in the descending aorta is presented, and the results are compared with the input function obtained by arterial blood samples. A good...

  8. A C2-symmetric ratiometric fluorescence and colorimetric anion sensor based on pyrrole derivative

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A C2-symmetric fluorescence and colorimetric anion sensor (1) based on pyrrole derivative was designed and synthesized according to binding site-signaling subunit approach. The compound 1 was easily prepared by reaction of pyrrole-2,5-dicarboxaldehyde with 4-nitrophenylhydrazine in ethanol (yield=78%). In DMSO, the sensor 1 exhibited a visible color change from red to brown upon exposure to anions such as AcO- and F-; however, no obvious color changes were observed when the other tested anions (e. g. H2PO4-, Cl-, Br- and I-) were added. There was a significant redshift (Δλmax=160 nm) in UV-vis spectrum during UV-vis spectral titrations. In particular, the sensor 1 showed ratiometric fluorescence responses to anions. - Highlights: → C2-symmetric fluorescence and colorimetric anion sensor based on pyrrole derivative was designed and synthesized according to binding site-signaling subunit approach. → The sensor was easily prepared by reaction of pyrrole-2,5-dicarboxaldehyde with 4-nitrophenylhydrazine in ethanol (yield=78%). → In DMSO, the sensor exhibited a visible color change from red to brown upon exposure to anions such as AcO- and F-, however, no obvious color changes were observed when the other anions tested (e. g. H2PO4-, Cl-, Br- and I-) were added. → The sensor showed ratiometric fluorescence responses to anions.

  9. Emitting materials based on phenylanthracene-substituted naphthalene derivatives for organic light-emitting diodes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Hyun Woo; Kim, Hye Jeong; Kim, Young Seok; Kim, Jwajin [Department of Chemistry, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440‐746 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Song Eun; Lee, Ho Won [Department of Information Display, Hongik University, Seoul 121-791 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Young Kwan, E-mail: kimyk@wow.hongik.ac.kr [Department of Information Display, Hongik University, Seoul 121-791 (Korea, Republic of); Yoon, Seung Soo, E-mail: ssyoon@skku.edu [Department of Chemistry, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440‐746 (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-09-15

    This study reports the emitting materials based on phenylanthracene-substituted naphthalene derivatives to achieve efficient electroluminescent properties for OLED applications. An OLED device using 4,4′-bis(10-phenylanthracen-9-yl)-1,1′-binaphthalene exhibited the blue emission with the CIE coordinates of (0.19, 0.16) and efficient electroluminescent properties with the luminance, power and external quantum efficiency of 1.70 cd/A, 0.79 lm/W and 1.26% at 20 mA/cm{sup 2}, respectively. Also, the other device using 1,4-bis(10-phenylanthracene-9-yl)naphthalene exhibited white emission with the CIE coordinates of (0.34, 0.43) at 7V, respectively. This device exhibits the luminance, power and external quantum efficiency of 2.22 cd/A, 1.13 lm/W and 0.86% at 20 mA/cm{sup 2}, respectively. - Highlights: • We synthesized fluorescent materials based on phenylanthracene derivatives. • Electroluminescence properties of these materials depend on the molecular structures. • These blue and white materials have great potential for application in OLEDs.

  10. Development and Characterization of Novel Films Based on Sulfonamide-Chitosan Derivatives for Potential Wound Dressing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dragostin, Oana Maria; Samal, Sangram Keshari; Lupascu, Florentina; Pânzariu, Andreea; Dubruel, Peter; Lupascu, Dan; Tuchilus, Cristina; Vasile, Cornelia; Profire, Lenuta

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this study was to develop new films based on chitosan functionalized with sulfonamide drugs (sulfametoxydiazine, sulfadiazine, sulfadimetho-xine, sulfamethoxazol, sulfamerazine, sulfizoxazol) in order to enhance the biological effects of chitosan. The morphology and physical properties of functionalized chitosan films as well the antioxidant effects of sulfonamide-chitosan derivatives were investigated. The chitosan-derivative films showed a rough surface and hydrophilic properties, which are very important features for their use as a wound dressing. The film based on chitosan-sulfisoxazol (CS-S6) showed the highest swelling ratio (197%) and the highest biodegradation rate (63.04%) in comparison to chitosan film for which the swelling ratio was 190% and biodegradation rate was only 10%. Referring to the antioxidant effects the most active was chitosan-sulfamerazine (CS-S5) which was 8.3 times more active than chitosan related to DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging ability. This compound showed also a good ferric reducing power and improved total antioxidant capacity. PMID:26694354

  11. Potential biological applications of bio-based anacardic acids and their derivatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamad, Fatma B; Mubofu, Egid B

    2015-01-01

    Cashew nut shells (CNS), which are agro wastes from cashew nut processing factories, have proven to be among the most versatile bio-based renewable materials in the search for functional materials and chemicals from renewable resources. CNS are produced in the cashew nut processing process as waste, but they contain cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL) up to about 30-35 wt. % of the nut shell weight depending on the method of extraction. CNSL is a mixture of anacardic acid, cardanol, cardol, and methyl cardol, and the structures of these phenols offer opportunities for the development of diverse products. For anacardic acid, the combination of phenolic, carboxylic, and a 15-carbon alkyl side chain functional group makes it attractive in biological applications or as a synthon for the synthesis of a multitude of bioactive compounds. Anacardic acid, which is about 65% of a CNSL mixture, can be extracted from the agro waste. This shows that CNS waste can be used to extract useful chemicals and thus provide alternative green sources of chemicals, apart from relying only on the otherwise declining petroleum based sources. This paper reviews the potential of anacardic acids and their semi-synthetic derivatives for antibacterial, antitumor, and antioxidant activities. The review focuses on natural anacardic acids from CNS and other plants and their semi-synthetic derivatives as possible lead compounds in medicine. In addition, the use of anacardic acid as a starting material for the synthesis of various biologically active compounds and complexes is reported. PMID:25894225

  12. Potential Biological Applications of Bio-Based Anacardic Acids and Their Derivatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatma B. Hamad

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Cashew nut shells (CNS, which are agro wastes from cashew nut processing factories, have proven to be among the most versatile bio-based renewable materials in the search for functional materials and chemicals from renewable resources. CNS are produced in the cashew nut processing process as waste, but they contain cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL up to about 30–35 wt. % of the nut shell weight depending on the method of extraction. CNSL is a mixture of anacardic acid, cardanol, cardol, and methyl cardol, and the structures of these phenols offer opportunities for the development of diverse products. For anacardic acid, the combination of phenolic, carboxylic, and a 15-carbon alkyl side chain functional group makes it attractive in biological applications or as a synthon for the synthesis of a multitude of bioactive compounds. Anacardic acid, which is about 65% of a CNSL mixture, can be extracted from the agro waste. This shows that CNS waste can be used to extract useful chemicals and thus provide alternative green sources of chemicals, apart from relying only on the otherwise declining petroleum based sources. This paper reviews the potential of anacardic acids and their semi-synthetic derivatives for antibacterial, antitumor, and antioxidant activities. The review focuses on natural anacardic acids from CNS and other plants and their semi-synthetic derivatives as possible lead compounds in medicine. In addition, the use of anacardic acid as a starting material for the synthesis of various biologically active compounds and complexes is reported.

  13. Vitamin E derivative-based multifunctional nanoemulsions for overcoming multidrug resistance in cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Nannan; Gao, Yanan; Ji, Hongyu; Wu, Linhua; Qi, Xuejing; Liu, Xiaona; Tang, Jingling

    2016-08-01

    The multidrug resistance (MDR), including intrinsic and acquired multidrug resistance, is a major problem in tumor chemotherapy. Here, we proposed a strategy for modulating intrinsic and/or acquired multidrug resistance by altering the levels of Bax and Bcl-2 expression and inhibiting the transport function of P-gp, increasing the intracellular concentration of its substrate anticancer drugs. Vitamin E derivative-based nanoemulsions containing paclitaxel (MNEs-PTX) were fabricated in this study, and in vitro anticancer efficacy of the nanoemulsion system was evaluated in the paclitaxel-resistant human ovarian carcinoma cell line A2780/Taxol. The MNEs-PTX exhibited a remarkably enhanced antiproliferation effect on A2780/Taxol cells than free paclitaxel (PTX) (p Vitamin E derivative-based multifunctional nanoemulsion (MNEs) obviously increased intracellular accumulation of rhodamine 123 (P-gp substrate). Overexpression of Bcl-2 is generally associated with tumor drug resistance, we found that MNEs could reduce Bcl-2 protein level and increase Bax protein level. Taken together, our findings suggest that anticancer drugs associated with MNEs could play a role in the development of MDR in cancers. PMID:26710274

  14. Toward Multiple Conductance Pathways with Heterocycle-Based Oligo(phenyleneethynylene) Derivatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miguel, Delia; Álvarez de Cienfuegos, Luis; Martín-Lasanta, Ana; Morcillo, Sara P; Zotti, Linda A; Leary, Edmund; Bürkle, Marius; Asai, Yoshihiro; Jurado, Rocío; Cárdenas, Diego J; Rubio-Bollinger, Gabino; Agraït, Nicolás; Cuerva, Juan M; González, M Teresa

    2015-11-01

    In this paper, we have systematically studied how the replacement of a benzene ring by a heterocyclic compound in oligo(phenyleneethynylene) (OPE) derivatives affects the conductance of a molecular wire using the scanning tunneling microscope-based break junction technique. We describe for the first time how OPE derivatives with a central pyrimidine ring can efficiently link to the gold electrode by two pathways presenting two different conductance G values. We have demonstrated that this effect is associated with the presence of two efficient conductive pathways of different length: the conventional end-to-end configuration, and another with one of the electrodes linked directly to the central ring. This represents one of the few examples in which two defined conductive states can be set up in a single molecule without the aid of an external stimulus. Moreover, we have observed that the conductance through the full length of the heterocycle-based OPEs is basically unaffected by the presence of the heterocycle. All these results and the simplicity of the proposed molecules push forward the development of compounds with multiple conductance pathways, which would be a breakthrough in the field of molecular electronics. PMID:26452050

  15. Emitting materials based on phenylanthracene-substituted naphthalene derivatives for organic light-emitting diodes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study reports the emitting materials based on phenylanthracene-substituted naphthalene derivatives to achieve efficient electroluminescent properties for OLED applications. An OLED device using 4,4′-bis(10-phenylanthracen-9-yl)-1,1′-binaphthalene exhibited the blue emission with the CIE coordinates of (0.19, 0.16) and efficient electroluminescent properties with the luminance, power and external quantum efficiency of 1.70 cd/A, 0.79 lm/W and 1.26% at 20 mA/cm2, respectively. Also, the other device using 1,4-bis(10-phenylanthracene-9-yl)naphthalene exhibited white emission with the CIE coordinates of (0.34, 0.43) at 7V, respectively. This device exhibits the luminance, power and external quantum efficiency of 2.22 cd/A, 1.13 lm/W and 0.86% at 20 mA/cm2, respectively. - Highlights: • We synthesized fluorescent materials based on phenylanthracene derivatives. • Electroluminescence properties of these materials depend on the molecular structures. • These blue and white materials have great potential for application in OLEDs

  16. Development and Characterization of Novel Films Based on Sulfonamide-Chitosan Derivatives for Potential Wound Dressing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oana Maria Dragostin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to develop new films based on chitosan functionalized with sulfonamide drugs (sulfametoxydiazine, sulfadiazine, sulfadimetho-xine, sulfamethoxazol, sulfamerazine, sulfizoxazol in order to enhance the biological effects of chitosan. The morphology and physical properties of functionalized chitosan films as well the antioxidant effects of sulfonamide-chitosan derivatives were investigated. The chitosan-derivative films showed a rough surface and hydrophilic properties, which are very important features for their use as a wound dressing. The film based on chitosan-sulfisoxazol (CS-S6 showed the highest swelling ratio (197% and the highest biodegradation rate (63.04% in comparison to chitosan film for which the swelling ratio was 190% and biodegradation rate was only 10%. Referring to the antioxidant effects the most active was chitosan-sulfamerazine (CS-S5 which was 8.3 times more active than chitosan related to DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging ability. This compound showed also a good ferric reducing power and improved total antioxidant capacity.

  17. Proportional derivative based stabilizing control of paralleled grid converters with cables in renewable power plants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Xiongfei; Blaabjerg, Frede; Loh, Poh Chiang

    consisting in LCL filters and cables. Both grid and converter current controls are analyzed. The frequency region, within which the system may be destabilized, is identified by means of the impedance-based stability analysis and frequency-domain passivity theory. A proportional derivative control strategy is......Resonant interactions of grid-connected converters with each other and with cable capacitance are challenging the stability and power quality of renewable energy sources based power plants. This paper addresses the instability of current control of converters with the multiple resonance frequencies...... then proposed to stabilize the system. Simulation case studies on four paralleled grid converters and experimental tests for two paralleled grid converters are carried out to validate the performance of the proposed control....

  18. ATLID beam steering mechanism and derived new piezoelectric-based devices for optical applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourgain, F.; Barillot, F.; Belly, C.; Claeyssen, F.

    2015-09-01

    In Space & Defence (as well as in many others fields), there is a trend for miniaturisation in active optics requiring new actuators. Applications also often require the ability to withstand high vibrations and shocks levels, as well as vacuum compatibility for space applications. A new generation of small and smart actuators such as piezoelectric (piezo) actuators, are resolving this trend, thanks to their capacity to offer high energy density and to support both extreme and various requirements. This paper first presents the BSM mechanism and its requirements, the technologies involved in the design and the validation campaign results. Secondly, a derived XY piezoelectric positioning stage based on the same APA® and associated Strain Gage sensing technology is presented with its associated performances. Finally, a new piezoelectric motor based on the APA® technology, which allows the combination of long stroke while maintaining high resolution positioning of optical elements, is presented with experimental performances.

  19. Characterization of ι-carrageenan and its derivative based green polymer electrolytes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jumaah, Fatihah Najirah; Mobaraka, Nadhratun Naiim; Ahmad, Azizan; Ramli, Nazaruddin [School of Chemical Sciences and Food Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600, Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan (Malaysia)

    2013-11-27

    The new types of green polymer electrolytes based on ι-carrageenan derivative have been prepared. ι-carrageenan act as precursor was reacted with monochloroacetic acid to produce carboxymethyl ι-carrageenan. The powders were characterized by Attenuated Total Reflection Fourier Transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy and {sup 1}H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to confirm the substitution of targeted functional group in ι-carrageenan. The green polymer electrolyte based on ι-carrageenan and carboxymethyl ι-carrageenan was prepared by solution-casting technique. The films were characterized by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy to determine the ionic conductivity. The ionic conductivity ι-carrageenan film were higher than carboxymethyl ι-carrageenan which 4.87 ×10{sup −6} S cm{sup −1} and 2.19 ×10{sup −8} S cm{sup −1}, respectively.

  20. Characterization of ɽ -carrageenan and its derivative based green polymer electrolytes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jumaah, Fatihah Najirah; Mobaraka, Nadhratun Naiim; Ahmad, Azizan; Ramli, Nazaruddin

    2013-11-01

    The new types of green polymer electrolytes based on ɽ -carrageenan derivative have been prepared. ɽ -carrageenan act as precursor was reacted with monochloroacetic acid to produce carboxymethyl ɽ -carrageenan. The powders were characterized by Attenuated Total Reflection Fourier Transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to confirm the substitution of targeted functional group in ɽ -carrageenan. The green polymer electrolyte based on ɽ -carrageenan and carboxymethyl ɽ -carrageenan was prepared by solution-casting technique. The films were characterized by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy to determine the ionic conductivity. The ionic conductivity ɽ -carrageenan film were higher than carboxymethyl ɽ -carrageenan which 4.87 ×10-6 S cm-1 and 2.19 ×10-8 S cm-1, respectively.

  1. Antibacterial Evaluation of Some Schiff Bases Derived from 2-Acetylpyridine and Their Metal Complexes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thong Kwai Lin

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available A series of Schiff bases derived from 2-acetylpyridne and their metal complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, NMR, FT-IR and UV-Vis spectral studies. The complexes were screened for anti-bacterial activity against Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA, Acinetobacter baumanni (AC, Klebsiella pneumonie (KB and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA using the disc diffusion and micro broth dilution assays. Based on the overall results, the complexes showed the highest activities against MRSA while a weak antibacterial activity was observed against A. baumanii and P. aeruginosa.

  2. Decomposition driven interface evolution for layers of binary mixtures: I. Model derivation and stratified base states

    CERN Document Server

    Thiele, Uwe; Frastia, Lubor

    2007-01-01

    A dynamical model is proposed to describe the coupled decomposition and profile evolution of a free surface film of a binary mixture. An example is a thin film of a polymer blend on a solid substrate undergoing simultaneous phase separation and dewetting. The model is based on model-H describing the coupled transport of the mass of one component (convective Cahn-Hilliard equation) and momentum (Navier-Stokes-Korteweg equations) supplemented by appropriate boundary conditions at the solid substrate and the free surface. General transport equations are derived using phenomenological non-equilibrium thermodynamics for a general non-isothermal setting taking into account Soret and Dufour effects and interfacial viscosity for the internal diffuse interface between the two components. Focusing on an isothermal setting the resulting model is compared to literature results and its base states corresponding to homogeneous or vertically stratified flat layers are analysed.

  3. Spectral Characterization and Antimicrobial Activity of Some Schiff Bases Derived from 4-Chloro-2-aminophenol and Various Salicylaldehyde Derivatives%Spectral Characterization and Antimicrobial Activity of Some Schiff Bases Derived from 4-Chloro-2-aminophenol and Various Salicylaldehyde Derivatives

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cinarli, Adem; Gurbuz, Demet; Tavman, Aydin; Birteksoz, A. Seher

    2012-01-01

    A series of N-(5-chloro-2-hydroxyphenyl)-(3/4/5-substituted)-salicylaldimines (I--XI) were synthesized using appropriate synthetic route. Their structures were characterized by FT-IR, UV-Visible, ESI-MS, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopic techniques and analytical methods. The crystal structure of N-(5-chloro-2-hydroxyphenyl)-5-bromo- salicylaldimine (V) was determined by X-ray diffraction at room temperature. Relationship between the melting points and the structures of the compounds was examined. Antimicrobial activity of the compounds was evaluated against Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus mirabilis. Antifungal activities were reported for Candida albicans. Schiff bases showed considerable antimicrobial activity against S. aureus, S, epidermidis and C. albicans. N-(5-Chloro-2-hydroxyphenyl)-3-hydroxy-salieylaldimine (II) has the broadest and highest antimicrobial activity according to the others.

  4. MICROWAVES ASSISTANT TECHNIQUE IN SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC ASSAY OF ISONIAZID USING IT'S SCHIFF'S BASE DERIVATIVES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arwa M. Elhagi, Nour Alhuda R. Ben Naji, Salah M. Bensaber, Tariq K. Almog*

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Tuberculosis is an infection bacterial disease caused by Mycobactrium tuberculosis, which most commonly affects the lung, it can be treated with Anti-TB drug which are classified into first and second line drug classes where the treatment regimen consists of two phases: the initial phase and the continuation phase. Isoniazid is one of the most important first line drugs for the treatment of tuberculosis and several methods have been reported to describe the quantitative determination of isoniazid, include the derivatization of isoniazid with several aldehydes to form the corresponding Schiff's base. The aim of this study is to find a new spectrophotometric method for isoniazid (INH analysis that combined the previously mentioned derivatization (hydrazone formation with microwaves synthesis in order to achieve more accurate, rapid and simple method. The use of the microwaves to accelerate and quantitatively complete the reaction between isoniazid and the aldehyde is the most important modification we suggest in comparison to other previously mentioned method. Seven isoniazid Schiff's bases of several aldehydes subjected to our investigation were synthesized, purified and the maximum absorbance for each pure Schiff's base derivative was determined. The results obtained in the current study indicate that only 4- dimethylaminobenzaldehyde show no interference with its corresponding Schiff's base derivative (SIP and enable us to quantitatively determine the concentration of SIP in the presence of the starting aldehyde. The calibration curve was made and validated. The absorbance of the sample tested was 0.54 at 421 nm, and according to the equation obtained from the calibration curve, the sample concentration result equal 3.02 mg/ml. with the percent purity 96.5 % w/w.

  5. Clinical studies of alveolar-capillary permeability using technetium-99m DTPA aerosol

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Soluble radioaerosols such as technetium-99m diethylene triamine pentacetate (DTPA) permit simple quantitative studies of alveolar-capillary permeability to be performed, since the submicronic aerosols are deposited mainly at the lung periphery and are cleared across the alveolar-capillary membrane. Regional alterations in permeability can also be noted using this radionuclide technique. We have measured the pulmonary epithelial permeability in normal subjects and the alteration in smokers, glue-sniffers, patients with inhalation burns, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and patients with lung metastases from thyroid cancer treated with radioiodine 131I. In the normal volunteers, the time taken for 50% of inhaled 99mTc DTPA to be cleared from the lungs (T1/2) was 66 minutes±1 sd of 12 mins. The smokers had a mean T1/2 of 20 mins±1 sd 4 min. In the hard-core glue-sniffing group, the majority were smokers who had stopped smoking and glue-sniffing for periods varying from 1 day to 42 days, and it was possible to note the changes in clearance times against period of abstinence. In the patients with inhalation burns, there was change in lung clearance arising from pulmonary epithelial damage; these patients showed increased rate of clearance (short T1/2) with mean T1/2 of 36 min±1 sd of 11 mins, while the retention images revealed regional lung damage in moderately severe inhalation burns. Twenty-four patients with COPD had inhalation scans done with Tc-99m tin colloid radioaerosol, and these images were compared with the perfusion lung scans done with 99mTc macroaggregated albumin (MAA); in general the perfusion images matched the defects noted in the inhalation scans. The 99mTc DTPA clearance rate in these patients was normal i.e. T1/2=78±14 mins. In the thyroid cancer patients with lung metastases, who had high doses of radioiodine treatment, the T1/2 values were normal or prolonged slightly, mean T1/2=76 min±23. (author)

  6. Decorporation of plutonium by pulmonary administration of Ca-DTPA dry powder: a study in rat after lung contamination with different plutonium forms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study evaluates the decorporation efficacy of a pulmonary administration of a new Ca-DTPA (diethylene-triamine-pentaacetic acid) dry powder (18 μmol kg-1 of body mass) after pulmonary contamination of rats with different Pu compounds. After inhalation of PuO2, a delayed intratracheal administration of DTPA cannot reduce significantly the retention of Pu in the lungs but limits its transfer in liver and skeleton. After pulmonary contamination by Pu nitrate, early insufflation of the DTPA powder appears twice as more efficient than an i.v injection of DTPA (30 μmol kg-1) to reduce Pu retention in the lungs and is as effective as i.v. injection to limit the extra-pulmonary deposit. In contrast, a delayed administration of DTPA cannot reduce the lung or extra-pulmonary retention. In conclusion, the improvement of aerodynamic properties of DTPA powder leads to an increase of DTPA amount deposited in the lungs and enhances the body decorporation. (authors)

  7. Differentiation of hypertensive heart disease with hypertrophy and hepertrophic cardiomyopathy using consecutive time-course images of Gd-DTPA enhanced MRI

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We used consecutive time-course Gd-DTPA contrast magnetic resonance images to differentiate hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) from hypertensive heart disease with hypertrophy (HHD). Seventeen patients with HCM, 6 patients with HHD and 5 normal subjects (control) were studied. ECG-gated MRI with 1.5T system was performed before and after intravenous injection of Gd-DTPA (0.1mmol/Kg) using spin echo sequence. Gd-DTPA enhanced MRI was repeated every 10 to 55 minutes. We measured signal intensity (SI) of midleft ventricular myocardium and skeletal muscle, and then calculated the ratio between myocardial SI and skeletal muscle SI. Myocardium was enhanced by Gd-DTPA in all patients. However, there was difference in the decay of enhancement effect by Gd-DTPA between HCM and HHD. The decay in HCM was more slowly than in both HHD and control. There was no difference in the decay between HHD and control. The difference in the decay between HCM and HHD became significant 25 minutes after Gd-DTPA injection and lasted until 55 minutes. We conclude that the time-course of the decay of enhancement effect by Gd-DTPA is helpful to differentiate HCM from HHD and the difference of the decay might reflect structural changes of myocardium. (author)

  8. Effect of background region of interest and time-interval selection on glomerular filtration ratio estimation by percentage dose uptake of (99m)Tc-DTPA in comparison with (51)Cr-EDTA clearance in healthy cats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debruyn, Katrien; Vandermeulen, Eva; Saunders, Jimmy H; Dobbeleir, André A; Ham, Hamphrey R; Peremans, Kathelijne

    2013-08-01

    Evaluation of glomerular function is a useful part of the diagnostic approach in animals suspected of having renal disease. Time-interval and background region of interest (bg ROI) selection are determining factors when calculating the glomerular filtration ratio (GFR) based on percentage uptake of (99m)technetium-labelled diethylene triamine penta-acetic acid ((99m)Tc-DTPA). Therefore, three different time intervals (60-120 s, 120-180 s, 60-180 s) and three different bg ROIs (C-shape, caudolateral, cranial + caudal) were investigated. In addition, global GFRs based on percentage dose uptake of (99m)Tc-DTPA for the different time-intervals and bg ROIs were compared with the global GFR based on (51)chromium-ethylene diaminic tetra-acetic acid ((51)Cr-EDTA) plasma clearance in nine healthy European domestic shorthair cats. Paired Student's t-tests and linear regression analysis were used to analyse the data. Different time intervals seemed to cause significant variation (P <0.01) in absolute GFR values, regardless of the choice of bg ROI. Significant differences (P <0.01) between bg ROIs were only observed in the 120-180s time interval between the C-shape and cranial + caudal bg ROI, and between the caudolateral and cranial + caudal bg ROI. The caudolateral bg ROI in the 60-180 s time interval showed the highest correlation coefficient (r = 0.882) between (99m)Tc-DTPA and (51)Cr-EDTA, although a significant difference (P <0.05) was present between both techniques. PMID:23349527

  9. Feasibility of poly(ethylene glycol) derivatives as diagnostic drug carriers for tumor imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanazaki, Kengo; Sano, Kohei; Makino, Akira; Yamauchi, Fumio; Takahashi, Atsushi; Homma, Tsutomu; Ono, Masahiro; Saji, Hideo

    2016-03-28

    Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) is an artificial but biocompatible hydrophilic polymer that has been widely used in clinical products. To evaluate the feasibility of using PEG derivative itself as a tumor imaging carrier via an enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect, we prepared indium-111-labeled PEG ((111)In-DTPA-PEG) and indocyanine green (ICG)-labeled PEG (ICG-PEG) with PEG molecular weights of 5-40kDa and investigated their in vivo biodistribution in colon26 tumor-bearing mice. Thereafter, single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and photoacoustic (PA) imaging studies were performed. The in vivo biodistribution studies demonstrated increased tumor uptake and a prolongation of circulation half-life as the molecular weight of PEG increased. Although the observed differences in in vivo biodistribution were dependent on the labeling method ((111)In or ICG), the tumor-to-normal tissue ratios were comparable. Because PEG-based probes with a molecular weight of 20kDa (PEG20) showed a preferable biodistribution (highest accumulation among tissues excised and relatively high tumor-to-blood ratios), an imaging study using (111)In-DTPA-PEG20 and ICG-PEG20 was performed. Colon26 tumors inoculated in the right shoulder were clearly visualized by SPECT 24h after administration. Furthermore, PA imaging using ICG-PEG20 also detected tumor regions, and the detected PA signals increased in proportion with the injected dose. These results suggest that PEG derivatives (20kDa) serve as robust diagnostic drug carriers for tumor imaging. PMID:26869546

  10. The measurement of 99mTc-DTPA pulmonary clearance in normals, asymptomatic smokers and diabetic patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We measured pulmonary epithelial permeability by 99mTc-DTPA radioaerosol clearance in patients with diabetes and correlated with the presence of microangiopathy to understand the pathophysiology of pulmonary microangiopathy and evaluate 99mTc-DTPA radioaerosol clearance as a diagnostic test to assess pulmonary microangiopathy. We performed 99mTc-DTPA radioaerosol scan in 10 normal subjects, 10 asymptomatic smokers, 20 diabetic patients without history of smoking (10 with microangiopathy, 10 without microangiopathy). 99mTc-DTPA clearance half-time (T1/2) was calculated, then compared with the result of chest radiography and pulmonary function test. Chest radiography and pulmonary function test were normal in all subjects. There were no significant difference of clinical or laboratory characteristics between these groups except age. The diabetic patients with microangiophaty were significantly older (p1/2 of normal subjects and asymptomatic smokers were significantly different (65.2±23.7 min vs 39.6±9.8 min, p1/2 was 90.5±46.5 min and significantly delayed when compared with those of normals and asymptomatic smokers (p1/2 of diabetic patients without microangiopathy, 70.0±12.7 min, was not significantly different from those of normals or asymptomatic smokers (p>0.05). No significant correlation was found between the T1/2 and spirometric parameters including DLco, FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC (%) and FEF25-75% in all subjects, and between the T1/2 and duration of diabetes in diabetic patients. Eventhough the influence of age can't be excluded, delayed 99mTc-DTPA clearance half-time (T1/2) in diabetic patients with microangiopathy indicates decreased pulmonary capillary permeability as one of the pathophysiologic results of pulmonary microangiopaththy. Further studies are needed in larger number of age matched control and diabetic patients to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy

  11. Comparison of peritoneal equilibration test(PET) with Tc99m-DTPA excretion in the assessment of peritoneal permeability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aim: Assessment of peritoneal permeability is necessary for successful management of End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) patients by Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD). Twardowski in 1987 described for the first time a method know as Peritoneal Equilibration Test (PET ) to determine peritoneal membrane characteristics. However, this test is not only cumbersome but is associated with several limitations. The objective of this study was to develop an alternative method of assessing the peritoneal permeability and compare this method with the conventional PET. Method: Twenty patients under going regular CAPD were included in this study. Before starting the peritoneal dialysis 370 MBq (10 mCi) 99mTc-DTPA was injected intravenously in the same standard precondition as for PET evaluation. A standard dose of same quantity was kept and used later for calculations. At the end of four hours a dialysate fluid sample (1 ml) was collected and the total dialysis effluent fluid volume was measured. Excretion of 99mTc-DTPA into the dialysate fluid as percentage of injected dose was calculated. Simultaneously standard PET values were recorded for comparison. Results: Peritoneal excretion of 99mTc-DTPA ranged from 8 % to 16 % of the injected dose depending upon the peritoneal membrane permeability. Depending upon the DTPA excretion the patients were divided into 4 groups: High Transporter (15% and above; High Average (12 to 15 %); Low Average (10 to 12%); Low Average (10% and less). When the results were compared with the conventional PET values, a good correlation (r=0.79) could be found. Conclusion: Determining the excretion of 99mTc-DTPA in the dialysate fluid after 4 hrs as percentage of the injected dose is a simple and convenient method to assess the peritoneal membrane permeability and can be used as an alternative technique to conventional PET which is very cumbersome and associated with many limitations

  12. Added value of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced Hepatobiliary phase MR imaging in evaluation of focal solid hepatic lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Correct characterization of focal solid hepatic lesions has always been a challenge and is of great diagnostic and therapeutic relevance. The purpose of this study was to determine the added value of hepatobiliary phase images in Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for differentiating focal solid hepatic lesions. In this retrospective trial 84 consecutive patients underwent Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MR examinations. MRI was conducted for 64 patients with malignant focal hepatic lesions (34 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), 30 metastases) and for 20 patients with benign hepatic lesions (14 focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH), 3 adenoma, 3 hemangioma). Five radiologists independently reviewed three sets of MR images by means of a 5-point confidence scale from score 1 (definitely benign) to score 5 (definitely malignant): set 1: unenhanced images; set 2: unenhanced and Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced dynamic images; set 3: hepatobiliary phase images in addition to set 2. Accuracy was assessed by the alternative free-response receiver operating characteristic curve (Az) and the index of diagnostic performance was calculated. Diagnostic accuracy was significantly improved by the addition of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced dynamic images: Az in set 1 was 0.708 and 0.833 in set 2 (P = 0.0002). The addition of hepatobiliary phase images increased the Az value to 0.941 in set 3 (set 3 vs set 2, P < 0.0001; set 3 vs set 1, P < 0.0001). The index of diagnostic performance was lowest in set 1 (45%), improved in set 2 (71%), and highest in set 3 (94%). Hepatobiliary phase images obtained after Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced dynamic MRI improve the differentiation of focal solid hepatic lesions

  13. Improvement in the 111In-DTPA-TYR3-octreotide and 177Lu-DOTATYR3- octreotate production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent advances in receptor mediated-tumor imaging have resulted in the development of somatostatin analogues, the biomolecular basis for the clinical use of these compounds in nuclear medicine for diagnostic and peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT). PRRT is a very good therapeutic option for patients with metastatic neuroendocrine gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) tumour. Clinical studies with different sst-positives tumors proved advantages of [177Lu-DOTA-Tyr3]octreotate (DOTATATE) for therapy. The aim of this work is to establish and validate the labeling, the quality control procedures of DTPA-Tyr3-Octreotide (DTPA-Oct) and DOTA-Tyr3-Octreotate (DOTATATE) labeled with In-111 and Lu-177, respectively, for routine production at Radiopharmacy Directory (DIRF) Brazil. Labeling were performed in a 'glove-box' using 111InCl3 (Nordion) and in hot-cell with 177LuCl3 (IDB-Holland) at pH 4.5; using DTPA-Oct (Pichem) and DOTATATE (IDBHolland) at room temperature and at 82-85 deg C for 30 minutes, respectively. The radiochemical purity was determined by ITLC-SG in 0.1 mol L-1 sodium citrate, pH 5.5 and by Sep-Pak silica cartridge. Sterility was performed by the microbiology procedures and pyrogen tests by the 'in-vitro' Limulus test (LAL). The stability of both radiolabeled peptides was high even 72 hours under refrigeration. The radiochemical purities of the labeled compounds were confirmed by HPLC. Sterility and pyrogen tests were negative in all delivered vials. The efficient procedure to obtain 111In-DTPA-Oct and 177Lu-DOTATATE was confirmed in the first comparative clinical groups. The methods were validated and 46.287 GMBq of 111In-DTPA-Oct and 1,193 GBq of 177Lu-DOTATATE were distributed in 2008, to nuclear medicine services in Brazil. (author)

  14. Effect of early and delayed DTPA therapy on retention of plutonium citrate in mouse and dog testis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Studies by Green et al. (Nature 255, 77, 1975) have indicated preferential irradiation of spermatogonial stem cells, with increased potential for genetic risk, as a result of nonhomogeneous deposition of plutonium in the mouse testis. Further genetic studies in this laboratory raised the question whether, as in other tissues, decorporation therapy with diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) would reduce the testicular Pu burden and, consequently, the genetic risk. Accordingly, 27 B6CF1 male mice were intravenously injected with 10 μCi/kg of monomeric 239Pucitrate. Saline-treated controls were sacrificed 6 hrs, 6 days and 100 days later. Two groups of 5 mice each were treated intraperitoneally with a maximally effective dose of DTPA (100 mg/kg, as the calcium chelate) twice per week for 12 weeks, beginning either at 6 hrs or at 6 days. At necropsy, 100 days after Pu injection, testes were removed for gross Pu analysis and quantitative autoradiography. The same two treatment regimens (except injection was intravenous) were given to 15 ANL beagle dogs that had received an intravenous injection of 0.3 μCi/kg of monomeric 239Pucitrate. Saline-treated controls, in groups of 3, were sacrificed at 6 hrs, 6 days and 90 days. In both species, DTPA treatment begun earlier was more effective in reducing the testicular burden. After 12 weeks of treatment, DTPA begun at 6 hours resulted in an 8- to 10-fold reduction as compared to controls, whereas DTPA treatments begun at 6 days resulted in a 4- to 5-fold reduction. Autoradiographic track counts indicated approximately equal removal of Pu from all deposition areas of the testis. (author)

  15. Visualization of Tumor Angiogenesis Using MR Imaging Contrast Agent Gd-DTPA-anti-VEGF Receptor 2 Antibody Conjugate in a Mouse Tumor Model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To visualize tumor angiogenesis using the MRI contrast agent, Gd- DTPA-anti-VEGF receptor 2 antibody conjugate, with a 4.7-Tesla MRI instrument in a mouse model. We designed a tumor angiogenesis-targeting T1 contrast agent that was prepared by the bioconjugation of gadolinium diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA) and an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR2) antibody. The specific binding of the agent complex to cells that express VEGFR2 was examined in cultured murine endothelial cells (MS-1 cells) with a 4.7-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging scanner. Angiogenesis-specific T1 enhancement was imaged with the Gd-DTPA-anti-VEGFR2 antibody conjugate using a CT-26 adenocarcinoma tumor model in eight mice. As a control, the use of the Gd-DTPA-anti-rat immunoglobulin G (Gd-DTPA-anti-rat IgG) was imaged with a tumor model in eight mice. Statistical significance was assessed using the Mann-Whitney test. Tumor tissue was examined by immunohistochemical analysis. The Gd-DTPA-anti-VEGFR2 antibody conjugate showed predominant binding to cultured endothelial cells that expressed a high level of VEGFR2. Signal enhancement was approximately three-fold for in vivo T1-weighted MR imaging with the use of the Gd-DTPA-anti-VEGFR2 antibody conjugate as compared with the Gd-DTPA-rat IgG in the mouse tumor model (p < 0.05). VEGFR2 expression in CT-26 tumor vessels was demonstrated using immunohistochemical staining. MR imaging using the Gd-DTPA-anti-VEGFR2 antibody conjugate as a contrast agent is useful in visualizing noninvasively tumor angiogenesis in a murine tumor model

  16. Antipathogenic effects of structurally-related Schiff base derivatives: Structure–activity relationship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soleiman Hisaindee

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Eighteen structurally-related Schiff base derivatives, which belong to salicylidenebenzylamine and 2-hydroxy-1-naphthylidenebenzylamine families were prepared and characterized by spectroscopic techniques. All the synthesized compounds were screened in vitro for their antibacterial and antifungal activities. Human pathogenic gram-negative (Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Serratia marcescens, gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis, and fungi (Alternaria alternata, Aspergillus niger, Penicillium roqueforti, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae were evaluated based on their toxicity to different concentrations of Schiff base compounds. For assessment of toxicity to pathogens, a disc diffusion assay was used to test the antimicrobial properties. The results revealed some antimicrobial activities of some of the synthesized compounds. Among the tested pathogens, the synthesized salicylidinaniline derivatives show highly potent action towards Alternaria alternata. Interestingly, a compound which contains the –Cl group is only effective against gram negative bacteria, but not gram positive bacteria. No remarkable antibacterial or antifungal activities were observed in the presence of –CH3 or –Br group. Furthermore, most of the naphthalene-containing compounds show no growth retardation towards bacterial or fungal pathogens. On the other hand, the presence of –OH or –SH group at para or ortho position, respectively, on the aniline site is correlated with an increased inhibitory drug effect on all pathogens. The importance of our findings to the drug research and developments is discussed in the context of finding a correlation between the structural properties of the new drugs and their biological activities.

  17. Analyzing Signal Attenuation in PFG Anomalous Diffusion via a Modified Gaussian Phase Distribution Approximation Based on Fractal Derivative Model

    CERN Document Server

    Lin, Guoxing

    2016-01-01

    Pulsed field gradient (PFG) has been increasingly employed to study anomalous diffusions in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). However, the analysis of PFG anomalous diffusion is complicated. In this paper, a fractal derivative model based modified Gaussian phase distribution method is proposed to describe PFG anomalous diffusion. By using the phase distribution obtained from the effective phase shift diffusion method based on fractal derivatives, and employing some of the traditional Gaussian phase distribution approximation techniques, a general signal attenuation expression for free fractional diffusion is derived. This expression describes a stretched exponential function based attenuation, which is distinct from both the exponential attenuation for normal diffusion obtained from conventional Gaussian phase distribution approximation, and the Mittag-Leffler function based attenuation for anomalous diffusion obtained from fractional derivative. The obtained signal attenu...

  18. Research progress in muscle-derived stem cells Literature retrieval results based on international database

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Zhang; Wei Wang

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To identify global research trends of muscle-derived stem cells (MDSCs) using a bibliometric analysis of the Web of Science, Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tools of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the Clinical Trials registry database (ClinicalTrials.gov). DATA RETRIEVAL: We performed a bibliometric analysis of data retrievals for MDSCs from 2002 to 2011 using the Web of Science, NIH, and ClinicalTrials.gov. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: (1) Type of literature; (2) annual publication output; (3) distribution according to journals; (4) distribution according to country; (5) distribution according to institution; (6) top cited authors over the last 10 years; (7) projects financially supported by the NIH; and (8) clinical trials registered.RESULTS: (1) In all, 802 studies on MDSCs appeared in the Web of Science from 2002 to 2011, almost half of which derived from American authors and institutes. The number of studies on MDSCs has gradually increased over the past 10 years. Most papers on MDSCs appeared in journals with a particular focus on cell biology research, such as Experimental Cell Research, Journal of Cell Science, and PLoS One. (2) Eight MDSC research projects have received over US$6 billion in funding from the NIH. The current project led by Dr. Johnny Huard of the University of Pittsburgh-"Muscle-Based Tissue Engineering to Improve Bone Healing"-is supported by the NIH. Dr. Huard has been the most productive and top-cited author in the field of gene therapy and adult stem cell research in the Web of Science over last 10 years. (3) On ClinicalTrials.gov, "Muscle Derived Cell Therapy for Bladder Exstrophy Epispadias Induced Incontinence" Phase 1 is registered and sponsored by Johns Hopkins University and has been led by Dr. John P. Gearhart since November 2009.CONCLUSION: From our analysis of the literature and research trends, we found that MDSCs may offer further benefits in regenerative medicine.

  19. A membrane-based purification process for cell culture-derived influenza A virus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weigel, Thomas; Solomaier, Thomas; Wehmeyer, Sebastian; Peuker, Alessa; Wolff, Michael W; Reichl, Udo

    2016-02-20

    A simple membrane-based purification process for cell culture-derived influenza virus was established that relies on only two chromatographic unit operations to achieve the contamination limits required according to regulatory authorities. After clarification and concentration, a pseudo-affinity membrane adsorber (sulfated cellulose, SCMA) was applied for virus capture. The subsequent polishing step consisted of a salt-tolerant anion exchange membrane adsorber (STMA) to bind residual DNA. For the presented process neither a buffer exchange step nor a nuclease step for further DNA digestion were required. As a starting point, a two-salt strategy (including a polyvalent ion) was employed to screen STMA conditions in a 96-well plate format. After optimization on chromatographic laboratory scale, the virus recovery was up to 97% with a residual DNA level below 0.82%. In addition, the STMA was characterized regarding its dynamic binding capacity and the impact of flow rate on yields and contamination levels. Overall, the total virus yield for influenza virus A/PR/8/34 (H1/N1) of this two-step membrane process was 75%, while the protein and the DNA contamination level could be reduced to 24% and at least 0.5%, respectively. With 19.8μg protein and 1.2ng DNA per monovalent dose, this purity level complies with the limits of the European Pharmacopeia for cell culture-derived vaccines for human use. Overall, the presented downstream process might serve as a generic and economic platform technology for production of cell culture-derived viruses and viral vectors. PMID:26712479

  20. Use of activable cations as tracers in groundwater hydrology. The case of DTPA-Indium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The possibilities of EDTA, CDTA and DTPA metallic complexes use as activable groundwater, tracers are discussed. Indium, which has good nuclear caracteristics for activation analysis and forms complexes of great stability with polyamino carboxylic acid has been for Laboratory and field studies. For corporative studies, Rhodomine B, a fluorescent tracer have been studied together with Indium complexes. In laboratory retention studies have been carried with In-EDTA, Iodine 131 and Rhodomine B, as tracers and bentonite, zeolite 13X and Dowex-1 and Dowex-50 as sorbents. As field studies, drainage evolution flow and resident time distribution of tracers substances in water, have been carried, under artificial rain conditions realized by aspersion. Results from field studies showed good characteristics of Indium Complexes especially in very absorbent medium (argilaceous limon) where their restitution balance were superior to that of Rhodomine B

  1. Background subtraction in 99Tcm-DTPA renography using multiple background regions: a comparison of methods

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to obtain quantitative information from a 99Tcm-diethylenetriaminepentaacetate (DTPA) renogram it is first necessary to correct for the presence of background activity in the kidney time-activity curve. Three different methods of background subtraction which have been previously described are compared. Method 1 is a linear regression technique which uses separate tissue and heart time-activity curves to represent the background. Method 2 also uses multiple background regions and involves multiple regression. Method 3 uses a single heart region to represent the background. The three techniques are assessed using both simulation studies and patient data. The results show that method 3, which does not correct for extravascular activity, overestimates renal function particularly in poorly functioning kidneys. Method 1 gives the most accurate and reproducible results for both the simulation studies and patient data. (author)

  2. Ozone-induced changes in the pulmonary clearance of (99m)Tc-DTPA in man

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ozone is a respiratory irritant that has been shown in animals to increase the premeability of the respiratory epithelium. In the study the authors have recently reported that respiratory epithelial permeability was similarly affected in eight healthy non-smoking young men exposed to ozone (ARRD, 135 (1987) 1124-8). Permeability was evaluated by determining the pulmonary clearance of inhaled aerosolized 99mTc-DTPA with sequential posterior lung imaging by a computer-assisted gamma camera. In a randomized crossover design, 16 young men were exposed for 2 h to purified air and 0.4 ppm ozone while performing intermittent high intensity treadmill exercise; forced vital capacity (FVC) was measured before and at the end of exposures. The results demonstrate that ozone exposure increased respiratory epithelial permeability. Such an increase may be a manifestation of direct ozone-induced epithelial-cell injury, lung inflammation, or both

  3. Imaging fetal renal function by means of a fast MR imaging sequence with Gd-DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Although the use of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in obstetrics has been reported, this modality has not yet been shown to offer more or different information than ultrasound. The authors studied fetal renal function by injecting Gd-DTPA (100 μg/kg) into a fetal lamb indwelling femoral vein catheter at the start of a fast low-angle shot (FLASH) sequence (repetition time, 06 sec; echo time, 13 msec; flip angle, 400 or 200, one acquisition). Identically positioned images were generated every 8 seconds for 5 minutes and less frequently thereafter. Newborn and older lambs and some adult sheep were similarly studied for comparison. Time-intensity curves from several distinct regions of interest in the kidney demonstrate maturation-related changes in renal handling of the contrast agent

  4. Brain MR in patients with Langerhans cell histiocytosis: Findings and enhancement with Gd-DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The brains of eight patients with Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH) were studied with magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). One scan was normal and a spectrum of abnormalities was seen in the others. Five patients had absence of the posterior pituitary bright spot, and four with evidence of pituitary dysfunction had a lesion in the region of the hypothalamus. An orbital extraconal mass was noted in one child with exopthalmus. This decreased in a follow-up study after Vinblastine therapy. The cerebellum was abnormal in two patients; the area of the dentate nuclei exhibited abnormal signal in one asymptomatic child and the MRI of another boy with a ten year history of progressive cerebellar dysfunction showed cerebral and cerebellar atrophy. Three of the five patients with deficiency of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) were studied both before and after the administration of intravenous gadolinium DTPA. In all three, after administration of the contrast agent, there was enhancement of involved areas. (orig.)

  5. The feasibility of a renogram study in dogs with radiopharmaceutical technetium 99m-DTPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present study is one of in vivo technetium 99m-DTPA renography, successively involving conscious healthy dogs under acepromazine maleate sedation and dogs under the narcotic sodium thiopental. It was found that during the running of the renogram the animal had to be kept completely immobile and that constant infusion narcosis with sodium thiopental produced this immobility without affecting the renograms unduly. However administration of a thiopental bolus did have an adverse effect on the renogram. Sedation with acepromazine maleate significantly increased the time to peak and the excretion phase as presented by the slope. These effects are thought to be due to a decreased blood pressure with concomitant renal bloodpooling and retarded bloodflow. The radioisotope renogram appears to hold great promise for both clinical and research applications. The equipment required for this application however, is so costly that it would only be financially feasible for major centres

  6. Gd-DTPA-enhanced T1-weighted excretory MR urography after low-dose diuretic injection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: Assessment of the morphology of the urinary tract by gadolinium(Gd)-enhanced T1-weighted MR-urography (MRU) and precontrast diuretic injection. Methods: MRU was performed in 5 patients using Gd-DTPA-enhanced coronal T1-weighted 3D-gradient-echo sequences with different spatial resolution. Prior to contrast injection, 10 mg of furosemide were administered intravenously. Results: Secondary to the precontrast furosemide injection, the increase of the renal excretion rate allows complete visualisation of the entire collecting system within 10 minutes following Gd injection. Maximum intensity projections provide a three-dimensional overview of the ureters separate from the bladder. To achieve detailed anatomic imaging of the calices, both optimal distension and high resolution sequences are prerequisites which cannot be realized by means of survey urograms only. (orig./AJ)

  7. Synthesis, characterization and antibacterial studies of ruthenium(III) complexes derived from chitosan schiff base.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vadivel, T; Dhamodaran, M

    2016-09-01

    Chitosan can be modified chemically by condensation reaction of deacetylated chitosan with aldehyde in homogeneous phase. This condensation is carried by primary amine (NH2) with aldehyde (CHO) to form corresponding schiff base. The chitosan biopolymer schiff base derivatives are synthesized with substituted aldehydes namely 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy benzaldehyde, 2-hydroxy benzaldehyde, and 2-hydroxy-3-methoxy benzaldehyde, becomes a complexing agent or ligand. The Ruthenium(III) complexes were obtained by complexation of Ruthenium with schiff base ligands and this product exhibits as an excellent solubility and more biocompatibility. The novel series of schiff base Ruthenium(III) complexes are characterized by Elemental analysis, FT-IR spectroscopy, and Thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA). The synthesized complexes have been subjected to antibacterial study. The antibacterial results indicated that the antibacterial activity of the complexes were more effective against Gram positive and Gram negative pathogenic bacteria. These findings are giving suitable support for developing new antibacterial agent and expand our scope for applications. PMID:26562551

  8. Robust Analysis of Network-Based Real-Time Kinematic for GNSS-Derived Heights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tae-Suk Bae

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available New guidelines and procedures for real-time (RT network-based solutions are required in order to support Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS derived heights. Two kinds of experiments were carried out to analyze the performance of the network-based real-time kinematic (RTK solutions. New test marks were installed in different surrounding environments, and the existing GPS benchmarks were used for analyzing the effect of different factors, such as baseline lengths, antenna types, on the final accuracy and reliability of the height estimation. The RT solutions are categorized into three groups: single-base RTK, multiple-epoch network RTK (mRTN, and single-epoch network RTK (sRTN. The RTK solution can be biased up to 9 mm depending on the surrounding environment, but there was no notable bias for a longer reference base station (about 30 km In addition, the occupation time for the network RTK was investigated in various cases. There is no explicit bias in the solution for different durations, but smoother results were obtained for longer durations. Further investigation is needed into the effect of changing the occupation time between solutions and into the possibility of using single-epoch solutions in precise determination of heights by GNSS.

  9. Determination of derived concentration level of radionuclides in soil based on the ICRP-60 recommendation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Determination of a policy for decommissioning nuclear facilities requires establishing a relationship between potential dose to an individual and the radioactive contaminant existing on the surface soil of the site. Dose assessment of residual radioactivity in soil is, therefore, important to make the guideline and to evaluate the post-decontamination radiological effects. It is an activity of radionuclides in soil that is the significant factor of the decontamination. Allowable residual contamination level in soil has been estimated using dose assessment methodology with radiation exposure pathway. First of all, three pathways of external, inhalation and ingestion have been modeled in order to evaluate the radiation dose from the contaminated soil and the radiation dose has been derived based on the ICRP's new radiation protection concepts. Many models and methodologies currently used to calculate the dose are based on the ICRP 26. However, since the ICRP 60 published in 1990 have many significant differences in radiation protection, the modified dose assessment model adopting the new recommendation is required. In this study, new conversion coefficients have been introduced to evaluate radiation dose from the contaminated soil. Effective dose based on new dose conversion coefficients for some key radionuclides has been calculated with Korean data and compared with the result based on old coefficients and with other study's result. There are differences between the result of this study and that of other references, since it seems that the change of dose conversion coefficients could affect the total dose and ARCL

  10. Quantitation of blood-brain barrier defect by magnetic resonance imaging and gadolinium-DTPA in patients with multiple sclerosis and brain tumors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsson, H B; Stubgaard, M; Frederiksen, Jette Lautrup Battistini; Jensen, M; Henriksen, O; Paulson, O B

    1990-01-01

    In this study quantitation of the degree of deficiency of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in patients with multiple sclerosis or brain tumors, by using MRI, is shown to be possible. As a measure of permeability of the BBB to Gadolinium-DTPA (Gd-DTPA) the flux per unit of distribution volume per unit...... of brain mass was used. This quantity was found by introducing the longitudinal relaxation rate (R1) as a measure of concentration of Gd-DTPA in the brain tissue in the mathematical model for the transcapillary transport over the BBB. High accordance between the observed data points and the model was...

  11. Distribution of cigarette smoking in the lungs and its efect upon 99mTc DTPA clearance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The distribution of submicronic particles during cigarette smoking was demonstrated by means of an insoluble (sup(99m)Tc sulfur colloid) aerosol in eleven habitual smokers with no evidence of impaired lung function. Considerable pains were taken to simulate precisely the conditions of their usual smoking. The distribution of aerosol during smoking was compared with that during normal tidal breathing in the same subjects. All subjects showed a shift towards greater apical and central (tracheo bronchial) deposition during smoking as compared with quiet respiration. These findings may be relevant to the apical predominance of centrilobular emphysema and bronchial carcinoma. In a second study the differential clearance of a submicronic sup(99m)Tc DTPA aerosol was studied in a population of habitual smokers immediately after smoking two cigarettes and in a control population. Differential clearance was studied continuously for a period of 60 minutes at several peripheral sites in both lung fields. In non smokers the clearance curve was monoexponential over the study period. In smokers the curve was biexponential and clearance overall was more rapid than in non smokers as expected. No difference in clearance was seen between the apices and the bases in smokers to correspond to the predominent apical distribution of cigarette smoke particles in either the erect or the supine position. The biexponential clearance curve in smokers may be due to diffusion of the aerosol from both alveoli and bronchi reflecting the greater central deposition in smokers even though this may not be evident on visual inspection of the aerosol lung scan. (Author)

  12. Cholecystokinin receptor imaging using an octapeptide DTPA-CCK analogue in patients with medullary thyroid carcinoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cholecystokinin (CCK)-B receptors have been demonstrated on a high percentage of medullary thyroid carcinomas (MTC) in vitro. After encouraging results both in vitro and in animal studies, we studied the efficacy of an octapeptide [111In-DTPA]-CCK analogue in seven patients with MTC. In four of five patients in whom serum calcitonin levels were monitored, a significant rise was found following the injection, indicating retained biological activity of the radiopeptide. In all patients there was visualization of the CCK-B receptor-positive stomach. In one of two patients with known MTC lesions, some of the lesions were visualized; in addition some lesions were visualized in one of the five other patients who had elevated serum tumour markers but negative localizing studies. Radioactivity in the presumed tumour sites was still present at 48 h p.i. The uptake in the presumed tumour sites and stomach was low. Background radioactivity dropped rapidly owing to urinary excretion. After 1 h, breakdown products of the labelled analogue predominated both in urine and in serum, and virtually no intact peptide was present. In conclusion: (1) the CCK-B receptor-positive gastric mucosa and presumed MTC lesions could be visualized in patients using an octapeptide [111In-DTPA]-CCK analogue that is probably internalized, proving the feasibility of CCK-B receptor imaging in vivo; (2) there was a relatively low uptake of the CCK analogue in the strongly CCK receptor-positive stomach, and rapid degradation of the peptide in serum. (orig.)

  13. Assessment of pulmonary aerosol deposition and epithelial permeability in 99mTc-DTPA inhalation scintigram

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The degree of lung injury in bronchiolo-alveolar lesions may be quantitated from the pulmonary epithelial permeability estimated by 99mTc-diethylene triamine penta acetate (DTPA) aerosol inhalation scintigram. However, significant aerosol deposition sometimes occurs in the central airways and obscures the peameability change in the lung periphery. The radioaerosol deposition pattern and its effct on assessing the pulmonary epithelial permeability was studied. 99mTc-DTPA aerosol scintigraphy was performed in 47 patients with pulmonary fibrosis (PF), 12 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD), and 27 non-smoking and 17 smoking healthy volunteers. The scintigraphic images of the lungs were classified into 4 grades: 0=homogeneous distribution; 1=patchy distribution; 2=hot spots with partial defects; and 3= hot spots with little deposition in the lung field. The rate constant was used as a parameter for the permeability. The smokers and patients with PF showed increased kep values of 2.36±1.21%/min (mean±SD) and 2.49±1.29% min as compared with the nonsmokers with 0.94±0.27% min, respectively. The nonsmokers, smokers and 36 patients with PF were classified as deposition grade 0 or 1, suggesting good aerosol penetration to the lung periphery. All patients with COPD showed either grade 2 or 3 deposition. Aerosol deposition in the central airways can cause underestimation of the permeability because of the thicker lining layer in the bronchus than in the alveolus. In conclusion, the aerosol deposition pattern should be analyzed when the method is applied clinically to assess the permeability of the bronchiolo-alveolar epithelium. (author)

  14. Clinical application of 99mTc-DTPA-galactosyl serum albumin in hepatobiliary disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A clinical study with 99mTc-DTPA-galactosyl serum albumin (99mTc-GSA) was performed in 10 patients with hepatobiliary disease. In this study, scintigraphic data and images with 99mTc-GSA were compared with several serological liver function tests, the hepatic blood perfusion index and image quality using 99mTc-DTPA-human serum albumin (99mTc-HSA). Dynamic and serial hepatic images were obtained over a 20 min period after 99mTc-GSA injection, and time activity curves from the heart and liver were generated. The blood clearance index (HH15), and the hepatic uptake index (LHL15) were calculated from each curve of the heart and liver, respectively. In addition, using two compartment fitting, the blood clearance (KH1, KH2) index was calculated, and using exponential fitting, the hepatic uptake index (KL) was calculated. The mean HH15 in liver cirrhosis (LC) group and non-LC group was 0.81±0.05, 0.64±0.10, respectively. The mean LHL15 in LC group and non-LC group was 0.79±0.04, 0.91±0.06, respectively. There were significant differences between non-LC group and LC group in HH15, and LHL15, KH1, and KL. There were also significant correlations of KH1 with HH15, and KL with LHL15. Parameters of 99mTc-GSA showed significant correlations with various liver functions. 99mTc-GSA scintigraphy showed clearer liver images in hepatobiliary disease than 99mTc-HSA. These results suggest that 99mTc-GSA scintigraphy is useful in estimating preserved liver function and hepatic morphology. (author)

  15. Experimental renal kinetic function analysis using Gd-DTPA enhanced MRI

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The transitions of relaxation rate (R1 = 1/T1) on successive renal MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) can afford an information concerning renal function when excretory contrast media are used. Time-relaxation rate curves also make the MRI renography. A new calculation method for the GFR (glomerular filtration ratio) values from the MRI renography has been previously reported by our group. In this study, we experimentally applied the calculation method to MRI renography of rabbits for separating measurements of glomerular and tubular functions. Gd-DTPA (Gd-diethylene triamin pentaacetic acid) was prepared by our group. This compound was used as an excretory contrast media of MRI for measuring renal function, 0.05 mmol/kg of the compound was i.v. injected to each rabbit in experiments. Thirty-one rabbits' kidneys were grouped into 5 groupes: 17 controles, 8 with a ureter occlusion, 3 with a stenosis of renal artery, 2 with renal disorder by means of cisplatina injection and 1 with local irradiation of kidney. The longitudinal relaxation rate values were continuously measured on several portions of bilateral kidneys during 60 minutes after the injection of the Gd-DTPA, using T1 (Tr = 1,000 msec, Td = 300 msec) pulse sequences. Regional renographies were successfully obtained on the cortex and medulla. Not only the GFR values but also the following 3 parameters; the tubular volume parameter, the urine flow parameter and the reverse diffusion parameter were calculated by new methods of analysis on regional renographies. The animal studies disclosed positive correlation between the GFR parameter and the urine flow parameter, and also negative correlation between the GFR parameter and the reverse diffusion parameter. These results suggested that the differentiation between each stage of renal kinetic dysfunction could be achieved by this method of analysis on MRI regional renography. (author)

  16. Properties of Thermosets Derived from Chemically Modified Triglycerides and Bio-Based Comonomers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evan S. Beach

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A series of materials was prepared by curing acrylated epoxidized soybean oil (AESO and dibutyl itaconate (DBI or ethyl cinnamate (EC comonomers to provide examples of thermosets with a high proportion of bio-based carbon, in accordance with the principles of green chemistry. The comonomers, representative of cellulose-derived (DBI or potentially lignin-derived (EC raw materials, were tested at levels of 25%, 33%, and 50% by mass and the resulting products were characterized by infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and dynamic mechanical analysis. Both DBI and EC were incorporated into the thermosets to a high extent (>90% at all concentrations tested. The AESO-DBI and AESO-EC blends showed substantial degradation at 390–400 °C, similar to pure AESO. Glass transition temperatures decreased as comonomer content increased; the highest Tg of 41.4 °C was observed for AESO-EC (3:1 and the lowest Tg of 1.4 °C was observed for AESO-DBI (1:1. Accordingly, at 30 °C the storage modulus values were highest for AESO-EC (3:1, 37.0 MPa and lowest for AESO-DBI (1:1, 1.5 MPa.

  17. ROBUST POSITIONING OF LASER BEAMS USING PROPORTIONAL INTEGRAL DERIVATIVE AND BASED OBSERVER-FEEDBACK CONTROL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kwabena A. Konadu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available High-precision positioning of laser beams has been a great challenge in industry due to inevitable existence of noise and disturbance. The work presented in this study addresses this problem by employing two different control strategies: Proportional Integral Derivative (PID control and state feedback control with an observer. The control strategies are intended to stabilize the position of a laser beam on a Position Sensing Device (PSD located on a Laser Beam Stabilization (or, laser beam system system. The laser beam system consists of a laser source, a Fast Steering Mirror (FSM, a PSD and a vibrating platform to generate active disturbance. The traditional PID controller is widely used in industry due to its satisfactory performance, various available tuning methods and relatively straightforward design processes. However, design of filters to obtain the derivative signal is challenging and can unexpectedly distort the dynamics of the system being controlled. As an alternative, use of an Observer-Based State Feedback (OBSF method is proposed and implemented. The state-space model of the laser beam system is utilized and an observer is applied to estimate the state of the system, since all the state variables cannot be measured directly. For observer design, eigenvalue assignment and optimal design methods are used and compared in terms of system performance. Also a comparative analysis between the PID and OBSF controllers is provided. Simulations and experimental results show that the OBSF controller rejects disturbance better and has a simpler design procedure.

  18. Polyurethane and polyurea nanoparticles based on polyoxyethylene castor oil derivative surfactant suitable for endovascular applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morral-Ruíz, Genoveva; Melgar-Lesmes, Pedro; García, María Luísa; Solans, Conxita; García-Celma, María José

    2014-01-30

    The design of new, safe and effective nanotherapeutic systems is an important challenge for the researchers in the nanotechnology area. This study describes the formation of biocompatible polyurethane and polyurea nanoparticles based on polyoxyethylene castor oil derivative surfactant formed from O/W nano-emulsions by polymerization at the droplet interfaces in systems composed by aqueous solution/Kolliphor(®) ELP/medium chain triglyceride suitable for intravenous administration. Initial nano-emulsions incorporating highly hydrophilic materials were prepared by the phase inversion composition (PIC) method. After polymerization, nanoparticles with a small particle diameter (25-55 nm) and low polydispersity index were obtained. Parameters such as concentration of monomer, O/S weight ratio as well as the polymerization temperature were crucial to achieve a correct formation of these nanoparticles. Moreover, FT-IR studies showed the full conversion of the monomer to polyurethane and polyurea polymers. Likewise the involvement of the surfactant in the polymerization process through their nucleophilic groups to form the polymeric matrix was demonstrated. This could mean a first step in the development of biocompatible systems formulated with polyoxyethylene castor oil derivative surfactants. In addition, haemolysis and cell viability assays evidenced the good biocompatibility of KELP polyurethane and polyurea nanoparticles thus indicating the potential of these nanosystems as promising drug carriers. PMID:24275445

  19. An iterative calculation to derive extinction-to-backscatter ratio based on lidar measurements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aerosol optical thickness (AOT) is an important parameter for understanding the radiative impact of aerosols. AOT based on lidar measurements is often limited by its finite detection range. In this paper, we have reported a method of fitting and iterative calculation to derive the extinction profile of background aerosols from 0 to 30 km at 532 nm, which is virtually the AOT of the entire atmosphere. The mean extinction derived from this method at the ground level tallies with visibility measurement and it is also consistent with the sun-photometer data, within experimental error. These data have been further treated to study the dust cases. For most of the cases, transmission losses were determined to estimate the extinction as well as lidar ratio. The result of the analysis shows that for background aerosols, a mean lidar ratio of 47±15 sr was found. For dust layers, a mean lidar ratio of 44±19 sr and an optical thickness of 0.53±0.49 were determined at 532 nm

  20. Polyethylene glycol derivatives of base and sequence specific DNA ligands: DNA interaction and application for base specific separation of DNA fragments by gel electrophoresis.

    OpenAIRE

    Müller, Werner; Hattesohl, Iolanda; Schuetz, Hans-Jürgen; Meyer, Georg

    1981-01-01

    Various base pair specific DNA ligands comprising a phenyl phenazinium dye, a triphenylmethan dye and Hoechst 33258 were covalently bound to polyethylene glycol (PEG) via ester or ether bonds. The DNA interactions of the PEG derivatives formed were shown to exhibit the same base pair specificity as the parent compounds. Since the PEG chains thus bound to the DNA could be expected to increase drastically the frictional coefficient of the DNA, the PEG derivatives were used for base specific DNA...

  1. MRT of scaphoid pseudo-arthrosis using Gd-DTPA. Staging and clinical correlation; MRT der Skaphoidpseudarthrose mit Gd-DTPA. Stadieneinteilung und klinische Korrelation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vogl, T.J. [Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany). Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik; Beutel, F. [Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany). Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik; Wilhelm, K. [LMU Muenchen (Germany). Abt. fuer Handchirurgie; Tempka, A. [Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany). Klinik fuer Unfall- und Wiederherstellungschirurgie; Schedel, H. [Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany). Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik; Haas, R. [Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany). Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik; Felix, R. [Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany). Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik

    1994-11-01

    During a period of two years, 134 patients with pseudo-arthrosis of the scaphoid were examined by conventional radiography and by MRI in the course of a prospective study. The aim of the study was to define radiological staging using contrast enhanced MRI in order to improve the prognostic criteria. All MRI examinations were carried out with a 1.5 Tesla scanner (SP63) using a surface coil and T{sub 1} weighted spin echo sequences in sagittal and frontal projection and frontal FLASH T{sub 2}-sequences and axial spin echo T{sub 2} sequences. The T{sub 1} weighted SE sequences in frontal projection were carried out before and after iv contrast (0.1 mmol Gd-DTPA/kg KG). All sequences were compared with conventional radiographs and the operative findings. Eight patients in stage 0 showed high signal intensity of both fragments in T{sub 1} weighted SE sequences and at surgery there was good vascularisation. In 22 cases there was reduced signal intensity in at least one fragment (stage I). 45 patients with scaphoid pseudo-arthrosis showed complete signal loss but marked contrast uptake with still vital nuclei at surgery (stage II). In 22 patients, there was no increase in signal intensity after contrast and complete loss of vitality of the fragments at surgery. Staging was not possible in 37 patients because of previous operative intervention. The use of contrast enhanced MRI provides additional information compared with conventional radiography or plain MRI. (orig.) [Deutsch] Im Rahmen einer prospektiven Studie wurden in einem Zeitraum von 2 Jahren 134 Patienten mit einer Skaphoidpseudarthrose (SPA) vergleichend konventionell roentgenologisch und magnetresonanztomographisch untersucht. Ziel der Studie war die Erstellung einer klinisch radiologischen Stadieneinteilung mit Hilfe der kontrastverstaerkten MRT zur Verbesserung von Prognosekriterien. Alle MRT-Untersuchungen wurden an einem 1,5 Tesla-Geraet (SP63) mittels einer Oberflaechenspule unter Verwendung von T{sub 1

  2. Derivation of the Newton's Law of Gravitation Based on a Fluid Mechanical Singularity Model of Particles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao-Song Wang

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this paper is to seek a mechanical interpretation of gravitational phenomena. We suppose that the universe may be filled with a kind of fluid which may be called the (0 substratum. Thus, the inverse-square law of gravitation is derived by methods of hydrodynamics based on a sink flow model of particles. The first feature of this theory of gravitation is that the gravitational interactions are transmitted by a kind of fluidic medium. The second feature is the time dependence of gravitational constant G and gravitational mass. The Newton’s law of gravitation is arrived if we introduce an assumption that G and the masses of particles are changing so slowly that they can be treated as constants.

  3. Biopolymer Electrolyte Based on Derivatives of Cellulose from Kenaf Bast Fiber

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd Saiful Asmal Rani

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available A cellulose derivative, carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC, was synthesized by the reaction of cellulose from kenaf bast fiber with monochloroacetic acid. A series of biopolymer electrolytes comprised of the synthesized CMC and ammonium acetate (CH3COONH4 were prepared by the solution-casting technique. The biopolymer-based electrolyte films were characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy to investigate the formation of the CMC–CH3COONH4 complexes. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy was conducted to obtain their ionic conductivities. The highest conductivity at ambient temperature of 5.77 × 10−4 S cm−1 was obtained for the electrolyte film containing 20 wt% of CH3COONH4. The biopolymer electrolyte film also exhibited electrochemical stability up to 2.5 V. These results indicated that the biopolymer electrolyte has great potential for applications to electrochemical devices, such as proton batteries and solar cells.

  4. Smart photovoltaics based on dye-sensitized solar cells using photochromic spiropyran derivatives as photosensitizers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, smart photovoltaic (SPV) devices, integrating both functions of solar cells and smart windows, was fabricated based on dye-sensitized solar cells using photochromic spiropyran derivatives SIBT as photosensitizers. SPV devices have self-regulated power conversion efficiency (PCE) and light transmission responding to the incident spectra due to the photoisomerization of SIBT. SIBT isomerize from closed-ring form to open-ring form under UV illumination, accompanied with enhanced visible light absorption and electron delocalization. Therefore, increased PCE and absorption in SPV devices were observed under UV treatment and the devices can be restored gradually to the initial status when kept in dark. The SPV devices have self-regulation of PCE and sunlight transmission responding to the changing sun spectra in different times of a day, providing a proper energy usage and a better sun-shading

  5. Image Clustering Method Based on Density Maps Derived from Self-Organizing Mapping: SOM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kohei Arai

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available A new method for image clustering with density maps derived from Self-Organizing Maps (SOM is proposed together with a clarification of learning processes during a construction of clusters. It is found that the proposed SOM based image clustering method shows much better clustered result for both simulation and real satellite imagery data. It is also found that the separability among clusters of the proposed method is 16% longer than the existing k-mean clustering. It is also found that the separability among clusters of the proposed method is 16% longer than the existing k-mean clustering. In accordance with the experimental results with Landsat-5 TM image, it takes more than 20000 of iteration for convergence of the SOM learning processes.

  6. The first genetic linkage map of Primulina eburnea (Gesneriaceae) based on EST-derived SNP marker

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    CHEN FENG; CHAO FENG; MING KANG

    2016-06-01

    Primulina eburneais a promising candidate for domestication and floriculture, since it is easy to culture and has beautiful flow-ers. An F2population of 189 individuals was established for the construction of first-generation linkage maps based onexpressed sequence tags-derived single-nucleotide polymorphism markers using the massARRAY genotyping platform. Ofthe 232 screened markers, 215 were assigned to 18 LG according to the haploid number of chromosomes in the species. Thelinkage map spanned a total of 3774.7 cM with an average distance of 17.6 cM between adjacent markers. This linkage mapprovides a framework for identification of important genes in breeding programm

  7. Derivation of the Newton's Law of Gravitation Based on a Fluid Mechanical Singularity Model of Particles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao-Song Wang

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this paper is to seek a mechanical interpretation of gravitational phenomena. We suppose that the universe may be filled with a kind of fluid which may be called the (0 substratum. Thus, the inverse-square law of gravitation is derived by methods of hydrodynamics based on a sink flow model of particles. The first feature of this theory of gravitation is that the gravitational interactions are transmitted by a kind of fluidic medium. The second feature is the time dependence of gravitational constant G and gravitational mass. The Newton’s law of gravitation is arrived if we introduce an assumption that G and the masses of particles are changing so slowly that they can be treated as constants.

  8. Poly-Acrylic Acid Derivatives as Diesel Flow Improver for Paraffin-Based Daqing Diesel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cuiyu Jiang; Ming Xu; Xiaoli Xi; Panlun Qi; Hongyan Shang

    2006-01-01

    Since the diesel products from paraffin-based Daqing crude oil showed low sensitivity to certain commercial diesel pour point depressant (PPDs) that resulted from the high content of paraffin, certain poly-acrylic acid derivatives (PADE) with-COOR,-COOH,-CONHR, and -COO-NH3+R groups by molecular design on the mechanics of diesel; PPDs were synthesized and evaluated as cold flow improver for Daqing 0# diesel in this paper. The pure PADE was superior to the commercial PPDs and displayed a substantial ability of wax crystals dispersion. There was a synergistic effect among the PADE and T1804 and secondary amine. The synergism clearly improved the low temperature performance of Daqing diesel products and could reduce the cold filter plugging point of 0# diesel by 6-7 ℃.

  9. Preparation and characterization of polymer blends based on recycled PET and polyester derived by terephthalic acid

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Environmentally friendly materials, made from industrial waste, are being increasingly used as a solution to the growing amount of waste generated by society, but also as a cheaper alternative to replace conventional materials for use in construction. In this work were investigated the properties of polymer blends based on recycled PET and a polyester derived from terephthalic acid and glycerin, a co-product of biodiesel. The samples were characterized by XRD, TGA, DSC, FTIR and SEM. The polyester synthesized showed a degradation event near 300 deg C. The blends with higher ratio of PET showed thermal behavior similar to pure PET. The X-ray diffraction showed that the polymer blends are semicrystalline materials. The micrographs presents the presence of a smooth surface, indicating the possibility of miscibility between the arrays. Therefore, the blending makes possible the fabrication of low-cost materials with applications in several areas. (author)

  10. Smart photovoltaics based on dye-sensitized solar cells using photochromic spiropyran derivatives as photosensitizers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shengbo Ma

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, smart photovoltaic (SPV devices, integrating both functions of solar cells and smart windows, was fabricated based on dye-sensitized solar cells using photochromic spiropyran derivatives SIBT as photosensitizers. SPV devices have self-regulated power conversion efficiency (PCE and light transmission responding to the incident spectra due to the photoisomerization of SIBT. SIBT isomerize from closed-ring form to open-ring form under UV illumination, accompanied with enhanced visible light absorption and electron delocalization. Therefore, increased PCE and absorption in SPV devices were observed under UV treatment and the devices can be restored gradually to the initial status when kept in dark. The SPV devices have self-regulation of PCE and sunlight transmission responding to the changing sun spectra in different times of a day, providing a proper energy usage and a better sun-shading.

  11. Smart photovoltaics based on dye-sensitized solar cells using photochromic spiropyran derivatives as photosensitizers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ma, Shengbo; Ting, Hungkit; Ma, Yingzhuang; Zheng, Lingling; Zhang, Miwei [State Key Laboratory for Artificial Microstructures and Mesoscopic Physics, Department of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Xiao, Lixin, E-mail: zjchen@pku.edu.cn, E-mail: lxxiao@pku.edu.cn; Chen, Zhijian, E-mail: zjchen@pku.edu.cn, E-mail: lxxiao@pku.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory for Artificial Microstructures and Mesoscopic Physics, Department of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Haixi Collaborative Innovation Center for New Display Devices and Systems Integration, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350002 (China)

    2015-05-15

    In this paper, smart photovoltaic (SPV) devices, integrating both functions of solar cells and smart windows, was fabricated based on dye-sensitized solar cells using photochromic spiropyran derivatives SIBT as photosensitizers. SPV devices have self-regulated power conversion efficiency (PCE) and light transmission responding to the incident spectra due to the photoisomerization of SIBT. SIBT isomerize from closed-ring form to open-ring form under UV illumination, accompanied with enhanced visible light absorption and electron delocalization. Therefore, increased PCE and absorption in SPV devices were observed under UV treatment and the devices can be restored gradually to the initial status when kept in dark. The SPV devices have self-regulation of PCE and sunlight transmission responding to the changing sun spectra in different times of a day, providing a proper energy usage and a better sun-shading.

  12. Smart photovoltaics based on dye-sensitized solar cells using photochromic spiropyran derivatives as photosensitizers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Shengbo; Ting, Hungkit; Ma, Yingzhuang; Zheng, Lingling; Zhang, Miwei; Xiao, Lixin; Chen, Zhijian

    2015-05-01

    In this paper, smart photovoltaic (SPV) devices, integrating both functions of solar cells and smart windows, was fabricated based on dye-sensitized solar cells using photochromic spiropyran derivatives SIBT as photosensitizers. SPV devices have self-regulated power conversion efficiency (PCE) and light transmission responding to the incident spectra due to the photoisomerization of SIBT. SIBT isomerize from closed-ring form to open-ring form under UV illumination, accompanied with enhanced visible light absorption and electron delocalization. Therefore, increased PCE and absorption in SPV devices were observed under UV treatment and the devices can be restored gradually to the initial status when kept in dark. The SPV devices have self-regulation of PCE and sunlight transmission responding to the changing sun spectra in different times of a day, providing a proper energy usage and a better sun-shading.

  13. STRUCTURE BASED DRUG DESIGN STUDIES ON HETEROARYL PROPANOIC ACID DERIVATIVES AS PPARΓ AGONISTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ARUN KUMAR,MANGA RATNAM,ARCHANA KUMARI, AJAY BABU

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs are a group of nuclear receptorproteins. Docking studies are based on several factors. Among 15 entries of PPARγ, 2Q6S wastaken for docking analysis, as it showed 418 most favored regions, 35 in additionally allowedregion and none of the residue in disallowed regions. To carry out drug designing, moleculeswere considered from the literature in which substitution of R1 position with dihydrofurylreported to have high dock score (-14.98 Kcal/mol than the remaining analogues, with bettergeometry and interactions. Hence docking analysis using heteroaryl propionic acid derivatives asanti-diabetic agents suggest the reproducibility of active molecules being predicted bycomputational docking studies using Auto dock software.

  14. Naturally derived materials-based cell and drug delivery systems in skin regeneration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Sha; Fu, Xiaobing

    2010-03-01

    The objective of regenerative medicine is to provide cells with a local environment of artificial extracellular matrix where they can proliferate and differentiate efficiently and therefore, induce the repair of defective tissues according to the natural healing potential of patients. For this purpose, naturally derived materials are being widely used because of their similarities to the extracellular matrix, typically good biocharacteristics and inherent cellular interaction. Also, natural polymers can be engineered to release growth factors and related agents in response to physiologic signals to imitate the natural healing process and to promote fast tissue regeneration and reduce scarring in wounds. Although synthetic materials have been used extensively in tissue engineering fields, this review illustrates the contribution of natural materials and natural materials-based protein delivery systems to regenerative medicine research, with emphasis on the application of multifunctional vehicles for cell and growth factor delivery in skin regeneration research. PMID:19850093

  15. Prediction of rumen microbial outflow based on urinary excretion of purine derivatives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The method for predicting microbial protein outflow from the rumen based on the excretion of purine derivatives (PD) in the urine is being increasingly used by nutritionists. In contrast to methods that depend on estimates of digesta flow, the PD method does not require animals to be fitted surgically with cannulae into the gut, and studies can be performed with minimal disturbance to the experimental animals. Methods of analysis of PD have been improved and standardized. Certain assumptions, however, are required that could lead to errors when this method is used to predict microbial protein outflow from the rumen. The need for further investigation of these assumptions by means of isotopic tracers and other techniques is examined. (author)

  16. Lubricity of bio-based lubricant derived from chemically modified jatropha methyl ester

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.W.M. Zulkifli

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Many studies have been undertaken with a view to using chemically modified vegetable oil as a bio-based lubricant. This research focused on tribological properties of trimethylolpropane (TMP ester, which is derived from renewable resource. This TMP ester was produced from jatropha methyl ester; it is biodegradable and has high lubricity properties. Two different conditions of lubrication are being investigated: extreme pressure and anti-wear. It was found that the TMP ester (Jatropha has better lubricity in terms of wear and friction compared to paraffin oil under extreme pressure conditions. TMP ester (Jatropha has similar characteristics to fully formulated lubricant (FFL, in terms of the coefficient of friction (CoF. In terms of the anti-wear condition, TMP ester (Jatropha has the lowest CoF; however it also has the high wear scar diameter. This is due to corrosion and chemical attack.

  17. Catecholase activity investigations using in situ copper complexes continuing Schiff base derivatives with a theoretical calculation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Djedouani

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The study of catecholase activity of a series of Schiff base compounds using in situ copper complexes of 4-hydroxy-6-methyl-3-(1-(phenyliminoethyl-2H-pyran-2-one derivatives has been reported. The reaction rate depends on four parameters: The nature of the substitution in para position to the benzene ring, the nature of counter anion, the concentration of ligand and the nature of solvent. The highest rate activity is given by complex resulting from one equivalent of ligand L2 and two equivalents of copper acetate in methanol, which equal to 62.25 µmol.min-1.L-1.In other part, a theoretical study of such ligands using the semi-empirical method AM1 were also investigated. A good relationship founded between the maximal reaction rate (Vmax and the HOMO energy (Pearson correlation: r=-0.794.

  18. Preparation of {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis biotin as a system of In vivo generator; Preparacion de {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis biotina como un sistema de generador In vivo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jimenez V, M.R

    2003-07-01

    The objective of this work was to synthesize the complex {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho - diethylen triamine pentaacetic-bis Biotin ({sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis Biotin) to evaluate its potential as a new radiopharmaceutical in directed radiotherapy. The Dysprosium-166 was obtained for neutron irradiation of {sup 164} Dy{sub 2}0{sub 3} in the TRIGA Mark III reactor. The labelled was carried out in aqueous solution to p H 8.0 for addition of {sup 166} Dy Cl{sub 3} to the diethylen triamine pentaacetic-{alpha}, {omega}-bis Biotin (DTPA-bis Biotin). The radiochemical purity was determined for HPLC and ITLC. The biological integrity of the marked biotin is evaluated by the biological recognition of the avidin for HPLC - molecular exclusion with and without avidin addition. The studies of stability in vitro were made in dilutions of saline solution to 0.9% and with human serum at 37 C incubated 1 and 24 hours. The complex {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis Biotin was obtained with a radiochemical purity of 99.1 {+-} 0.6%. The biological recognition of the complex {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis Biotin for the avidin it doesn't affect the labelling procedure. The studies in vitro demonstrated that the {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis Biotin is stable after the dilution in saline solution and in human serum that there is not translocation of the one radionuclide subsequent son to the beta decay of the {sup 166} Dy that could produce the {sup 166} Ho{sup 3+} liberation. The studies of Biodistribution in healthy mice demonstrated that the one complex {sup 166} Dy/{sup 166} Ho DTPA-bis Biotin have a high renal distribution. In conclusion the radiolabelled biotin in this investigation has the appropriate properties to be used as an In vivo generator system stable for directed radiotherapy. (Author)

  19. Ligand based validated comparative chemometric modeling and pharmacophore mapping of aurone derivatives as antimalarial agents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adhikari, Nilanjan; Halder, Amit Kumar; Mondal, Chanchal; Jha, Tarun

    2013-09-01

    Chloroquine resistance is nowadays a great problem. Aurone derivatives are effective against chloroquine resistant parasite. Ligand based validated comparative chemometric modeling through 2D-QSAR and kNN-MFA 3DQSAR studies as well as common feature 3D pharmacophore mapping were done on thirtyfive aurone derivatives having antimalarial activity. Statistically significant 2D-QSAR models were generated on unsplitted as well as splitted dataset by MLR and PLS technique. The MLR model of the unsplitted method was validated by two-deep cross validation and 10 fold cross validation for determining the predictive ability. The PLS technique of the unsplitted method was done to compare the significance of these methods. In the splitted method, model was developed on the training set by Y-based ranking method by using the same descriptors and was validated on fifty pairs of the test and the training sets by k-MCA technique. These models generated by using the same descriptors were well validated irrespective of MLR as well as PLS analysis of unsplitted as well as splitted methods and are showing similar results. Therefore, these descriptors and model generated were reliable and robust. The kNN-MFA 3D-QSAR models were generated by three variable selection methods: genetic algorithm, simulated annealing and stepwise regression. The kNN-MFA 3D-QSAR results support the 2D QSAR data and in turn validate the earlier observed SAR results. Common feature 3D-pharmacophore generation was performed on these compounds to validate both 2D and 3D-QSAR studies as well as the earlier observed SAR data. The work highlights the required structural features for the higher antimalarial activity. PMID:24010937

  20. P16.33AN IN SILICO ESTIMATION OF THE PHARMACOKINETIC PROFILE AND THE DISPOSITION OF GD-DTPA IN BRAIN TUMOR LESIONS OF DIFFERENT VASCULATURE THROUGH PBPK MODELS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spanakis, M.; Oraiopoulou, M.E.; Tzamali, E.; Sakkalis, V.; Maris, T.G.; Papadaki, E.; Karantanas, A.; Marias, K.

    2014-01-01

    Brain tumor lesions (BTL), i.e. high grade gliomas, are known to have a prominence of vasculature, which is promoted through hypoxia mechanisms and differential expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Imaging techniques such as dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) with intra-venous (i.v.) administration of a Gd-based contrast agent (GBCA) are successfully used for the diagnosis and characterization of the BTLs. Tracer kinetics plays an important role in DCE-MRI by assessing the vessel leakage through estimation of the transfer and disposition of GBCAs in a lesion. Physiologically-based pharmacokinetic modeling (PBPK) represents a well-documented approach to estimate in silico the disposition of pharmacologic agents in the body. In this work, we sought to i)present a whole-body PBPK approach in order to estimate the PK profile of Gd-DTPA (Gadopentetic acid, Magnevist®) and ii)evaluate the impact of vascular fraction of tracer's extravascular-extracellular disposition in a simulated BTL. PK profile was assessed through the application of Simcyp® simulator platform and the generation of whole-body PBPK model. BTL was introduced as an additional compartment (∼5% of total brain weight) with tissue characteristics matching those of a brain tumor. In silico clinical trials (ISCTs) were designed by integrating literature data for a virtual population of patients with cancer for Simcyp® and Gd-DTPA properties. The ISCTs were generated for a representative individual and concentrations were estimated for 15 minutes following i.v. bolus injection of Gd-DTPA (0.1 mmol/kg). Given the simulated BTL's size, all parameters were kept constant except for capillary fraction in order to evaluate the impact of vasculature. RESULTS: from the whole-body PBPK simulations estimate the maximum plasma concentration of Gd-DTPA to be 3.0 mM whereas the intracranial blood concentration to be 1.7 mM. Regarding the simulated BTL, concentrations