WorldWideScience

Sample records for based distributed control

  1. Agents-based distributed processes control systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian Gligor

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Large industrial distributed systems have revealed a remarkable development in recent years. We may note an increase of their structural and functional complexity, at the same time with those on requirements side. These are some reasons why there are involvednumerous researches, energy and resources to solve problems related to these types of systems. The paper addresses the issue of industrial distributed systems with special attention being given to the distributed industrial processes control systems. A solution for a distributed process control system based on mobile intelligent agents is presented.The main objective of the proposed system is to provide an optimal solution in terms of costs, maintenance, reliability and flexibility. The paper focuses on requirements, architecture, functionality and advantages brought by the proposed solution.

  2. FIPA agent based network distributed control system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A control system with the capabilities to combine heterogeneous control systems or processes into a uniform homogeneous environment is discussed. This dynamically extensible system is an example of the software system at the agent level of abstraction. This level of abstraction considers agents as atomic entities that communicate to implement the functionality of the control system. Agents' engineering aspects are addressed by adopting the domain independent software standard, formulated by FIPA. Jade core Java classes are used as a FIPA specification implementation. A special, lightweight, XML RDFS based, control oriented, ontology markup language is developed to standardize the description of the arbitrary control system data processor. Control processes, described in this language, are integrated into the global system at runtime, without actual programming. Fault tolerance and recovery issues are also addressed

  3. FIPA agent based network distributed control system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    D. Abbott; V. Gyurjyan; G. Heyes; E. Jastrzembski; C. Timmer; E. Wolin

    2003-03-01

    A control system with the capabilities to combine heterogeneous control systems or processes into a uniform homogeneous environment is discussed. This dynamically extensible system is an example of the software system at the agent level of abstraction. This level of abstraction considers agents as atomic entities that communicate to implement the functionality of the control system. Agents' engineering aspects are addressed by adopting the domain independent software standard, formulated by FIPA. Jade core Java classes are used as a FIPA specification implementation. A special, lightweight, XML RDFS based, control oriented, ontology markup language is developed to standardize the description of the arbitrary control system data processor. Control processes, described in this language, are integrated into the global system at runtime, without actual programming. Fault tolerance and recovery issues are also addressed.

  4. Agent-based distributed hierarchical control of dc microgrid systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meng, Lexuan; Vasquez, Juan Carlos; Guerrero, Josep M.;

    2014-01-01

    In order to enable distributed control and management for microgrids, this paper explores the application of information consensus and local decisionmaking methods formulating an agent based distributed hierarchical control system. A droop controlled paralleled DC/DC converter system is taken as ....... Standard genetic algorithm is applied in each local control system in order to search for a global optimum. Hardware-in-Loop simulation results are shown to demonstrate the effectiveness of the method....

  5. ASEBA, an event-based middleware for distributed robot control

    OpenAIRE

    Magnenat, Stéphane; Longchamp, Valentin; Mondada, F.

    2007-01-01

    Computing infrastructures of mobile robots have grown in complexity in the last decades; They have evolved from single processor systems to networks of microcontrollers communicating through a shared bus. This has induced additional architectural constraints that do not fit well with the traditional polling-based sensors and actuators control. To address this issue, we have developed ASEBA, an event-based middleware that allows distributed control and efficient resources exploitation of multi...

  6. Operation and control interfaces based upon distributed agent networks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The majority of todays large scale compute clusters and software systems running on them are using operation and control interfaces (OCI) for monitoring and control. The majority of these OCI's are still based upon single node applications, which are limited by the physical system they are running on. In areas where hundred thousand and more statistical values have to be analyzed and taken into account for visualization and decision making this kind of OCI's are no option at all. Furthermore, this kind of OCI's do not empower whole collaborations to control and operate cluster at the same time from around the world. Distributed agent networks (DAN) tend to have the possibility to overcome this limitations. A distributed agent network is per design a multi-node approach. Together with a web based OCI, automatic data propagation and distributed locking algorithms they provide simultaneous operation and control, distributed state tracking and visualization to world wide collaborations. The first compute cluster in the scientific world using this combination of technologies is the ALICE HLT at CERN.

  7. Agent Based Control of Electric Power Systems with Distributed Generation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Saleem, Arshad

    Distributed generation, decentralized and local control, self organization and autonomy are evident trends of today's electric power systems focusing on innovative control architectures such as MicroGrids, Virtual Power Plants, Cell based systems, plug-in electric vehicles and real time markets...... subsystems that are able to coordinate, communicate, cooperate, adapt to emerging situations and self organize in an intelligent way. At the same time, rapid development in information and and communication technologies (ICT) have brought new opportunities and elucidations. New Technologies and standards...

  8. Cloud-based distributed control of unmanned systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Kim B.; Powell, Darren N.; Yetman, Charles; August, Michael; Alderson, Susan L.; Raney, Christopher J.

    2015-05-01

    Enabling warfighters to efficiently and safely execute dangerous missions, unmanned systems have been an increasingly valuable component in modern warfare. The evolving use of unmanned systems leads to vast amounts of data collected from sensors placed on the remote vehicles. As a result, many command and control (C2) systems have been developed to provide the necessary tools to perform one of the following functions: controlling the unmanned vehicle or analyzing and processing the sensory data from unmanned vehicles. These C2 systems are often disparate from one another, limiting the ability to optimally distribute data among different users. The Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center Pacific (SSC Pacific) seeks to address this technology gap through the UxV to the Cloud via Widgets project. The overarching intent of this three year effort is to provide three major capabilities: 1) unmanned vehicle control using an open service oriented architecture; 2) data distribution utilizing cloud technologies; 3) a collection of web-based tools enabling analysts to better view and process data. This paper focuses on how the UxV to the Cloud via Widgets system is designed and implemented by leveraging the following technologies: Data Distribution Service (DDS), Accumulo, Hadoop, and Ozone Widget Framework (OWF).

  9. Multi-agent based controller for islanding operation of active distribution networks with distributed generation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cha, Seung-Tae; Wu, Qiuwei; Østergaard, Jacob;

    2011-01-01

    islands are important, and the overall network synchronism must be ensured in the islanded distribution system. In this paper, a multi-agent based controller has been proposed to stabilize the frequency and voltages of an active distribution system after it enters into the islanding operation mode. The...... modified IEEE 9-bus system was used to investigate the dynamic and steady state performance of the active distribution system during islanding operation. Case studies have been carried out using the Real-Time Digital Simulator (RTDS) based simulation platform. Case study results show that the proposed...

  10. A Westinghouse designed distributed mircroprocessor based protection and control system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For approximately five years, Westinghouse has been involved in the design and licensing of a distributed microprocessor based system for the protection and control of a pressurized water reactor nuclear steam supply system. A 'top-down' design methodology was used, in which the system global performance objectives were specified, followed by increasingly more detailed design specifications which ultimately decomposed the system into its basic hardware and software elements. The design process and design decisions were influenced by the recognition that the final product would have to be verified to ensure its capability to perform the safety-related functions of a class 1E protection system. The verification process mirrored the design process except that it was 'bottom-up' and thus started with the basic elements and worked upwards through the system in increasingly complex blocks. A number of areas which are of interest in a distributed system are disucssed, with emphasis on two systems. The first, the Integrated Protection System is primarily responsible for processing signals from field mounted sensors to provide for reactor trips and the initiation of the Engineered Safety Features. The Integrated Control System, which is organized in a parallel manner, processes other sensor signals and generates the necessary analog and on-off signals to maintain the plant parameters within specified limits. Points covered include system structure, systems partitioning strategies, communications techniques, software design concepts, reliability and maintainability, commercial component availability, interference susceptibility, licensing issues, and applicability. (LL)

  11. Design and Construction of Distributed Control System (DCS Based Power Distribution in University Campus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yin Yin Winn

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Due to the rapid development in automation system, control and monitoring are necessary for any modern system. DCS provides this control and monitoring for industrial automation. The system is designed and constructed Distributed Control System (DCS based power distribution in university campus. The research has constructed hardware and utilized Microsoft Visual Basic software in software environment using a communication network and embedded controllers. All hardware and software components have been developed and integrated together. Data exchange mechanism, USB cable has been developed between the host computer and the embedded controllers that function in two way data exchanges between the two. This system uses PIC 18F4550 microcontroller to collect electrical parameters of devices in each departments. The Graphical User Interface (GUI uses Visual Basic Software under Microsoft Visual Basic 2010 express to achieve data real-time display and status display for the loads.

  12. Distributed control system architecture based on failover for HIRFL-CSR vacuum control system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper introduced a real-time vacuum control system which is based on multilayer Web architecture for HIRFL-CSR (Heavy Ion Research Facility of Lanzhou and Cooler Storage Ring) project in Lanzhou. It analyzed the redundancy of applications based on Distributed Control System Architecture. Failover is designed for use as on-line control applications in hazardous environments requiring fail-safe performance. The system has the characteristics of strong adaptability and flexibility, good stability and high reliability. (authors)

  13. Distributed Role-based Access Control for Coaliagion Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HONG Fan; ZHU Xian; XING Guanglin

    2005-01-01

    Access control in multi-domain environments is one of the important questions of building coalition between domains.On the basis of RBAC access control model, the concepts of role delegation and role mapping are proposed, which support the third-party authorization.Then, a distributed RBAC model is presented.Finally the implementation issues are discussed.

  14. Developments in model-based optimization and control distributed control and industrial applications

    CERN Document Server

    Grancharova, Alexandra; Pereira, Fernando

    2015-01-01

    This book deals with optimization methods as tools for decision making and control in the presence of model uncertainty. It is oriented to the use of these tools in engineering, specifically in automatic control design with all its components: analysis of dynamical systems, identification problems, and feedback control design. Developments in Model-Based Optimization and Control takes advantage of optimization-based formulations for such classical feedback design objectives as stability, performance and feasibility, afforded by the established body of results and methodologies constituting optimal control theory. It makes particular use of the popular formulation known as predictive control or receding-horizon optimization. The individual contributions in this volume are wide-ranging in subject matter but coordinated within a five-part structure covering material on: · complexity and structure in model predictive control (MPC); · collaborative MPC; · distributed MPC; · optimization-based analysis and desi...

  15. EPROM-based LSI-11 for distributed instrumentation control

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The LLNL Nuclear Chemistry Counting Facility (NCCF) is being converted to a modern production facility. A computer network has been designed and built to implement this conversion. The outermost node of the computer network is a dedicated EPROM-based controller. The controller handles the details of driving the attached nuclear instrumentation, providing a standard interface to the remainder of the network. This paper addresses the design and the implementation of the dedicated instrumentation controller

  16. Distributed Control System Design for Portable PC Based CNC Machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roni Permana Saputra

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The demand on automated machining has been increased and emerges improvement research to achieve many goals such as portability, low cost manufacturability, interoperability, and simplicity in machine usage. These improvements are conducted without ignoring the performance analysis and usability evaluation. This research has designed a distributed control system in purpose to control a portable CNC machine. The design consists of main processing unit, secondary processing unit, motor control, and motor driver. A preliminary simulation has been conducted for performance analysis including linear accuracy and circular accuracy. The results achieved in the simulation provide linear accuracy up to 2 μm with total cost for the whole processing unit is up to 5 million IDR.

  17. Multiagent System-Based Distributed Coordinated Control for Radial DC Microgrid Considering Transmission Time Delays

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dou, Chun-Xia; Yue, Dong; Guerrero, Josep M.;

    2016-01-01

    This paper focuses on a multi-agent based distributed coordinated control for radial DC microgrid considering trans-mission time delays. Firstly, a two-level multi-agent system is constructed, where local control is formulated based on local states and executed by means of the first-level agent......, and dis-tributed coordinated control law is formulated based on wide-area information and executed by means of the secondary- level agent in order to improve the voltage control performances. Afterwards, the research mainly focuses on designing the local controller and the distributed coordinated...... controller. For pur-pose of robust stability, the local control is designed as local state-feedback based H∞ robust controller. It is worth mention-ing that the distributed coordinated control consists of local state feedback control and decoupling coordinated control law that only come from adjacent DER...

  18. Distribution-free cumulative sum control charts using bootstrap-based control limits

    OpenAIRE

    Chatterjee, Snigdhansu; Qiu, Peihua

    2009-01-01

    This paper deals with phase II, univariate, statistical process control when a set of in-control data is available, and when both the in-control and out-of-control distributions of the process are unknown. Existing process control techniques typically require substantial knowledge about the in-control and out-of-control distributions of the process, which is often difficult to obtain in practice. We propose (a) using a sequence of control limits for the cumulative sum (CUSUM) control charts, ...

  19. Distributed Consensus-Based Robust Adaptive Formation Control for Nonholonomic Mobile Robots with Partial Known Dynamics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhaoxia Peng

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the distributed consensus-based robust adaptive formation control for nonholonomic mobile robots with partially known dynamics. Firstly, multirobot formation control problem has been converted into a state consensus problem. Secondly, the practical control strategies, which incorporate the distributed kinematic controllers and the robust adaptive torque controllers, are designed for solving the formation control problem. Thirdly, the specified reference trajectory for the geometric centroid of the formation is assumed as the trajectory of a virtual leader, whose information is available to only a subset of the followers. Finally, numerical results are provided to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed control approaches.

  20. Optimal control-based inverse determination of electrode distribution for electroosmotic micromixer

    CERN Document Server

    Deng, Yongbo; Wu, Yihui

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents an optimal control-based inverse method used to determine the distribution of the electrodes for the electroosmotic micromixers with external driven flow from the inlet. Based on the optimal control method, one Dirichlet boundary control problem is constructed to inversely find the optimal distribution of the electrodes on the sidewalls of electroosmotic micromixers and achieve the acceptable mixing performance. After solving the boundary control problem, the step-shaped distribution of the external electric potential imposed on the sidewalls can be obtained and the distribution of electrodes can be inversely determined according to the obtained external electric potential. Numerical results are also provided to demonstrate the effectivity of the proposed method.

  1. The Distribution Population-based Genetic Algorithm for Parameter Optimization PID Controller

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENQing-Geng; WANGNing; HUANGShao-Feng

    2005-01-01

    Enlightened by distribution of creatures in natural ecology environment, the distribution population-based genetic algorithm (DPGA) is presented in this paper. The searching capability of the algorithm is improved by competition between distribution populations to reduce the search zone.This method is applied to design of optimal parameters of PID controllers with examples, and the simulation results show that satisfactory performances are obtained.

  2. Design and Implementation of SCADA System Based Power Distribution for Primary Substation (Control System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khin Thu Zar Win

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available SCADA stands for Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition. SCADA system is more porpular than other control system in the modern industrial processes. This research describes the automated switch control for SCADA based electrical distribution system of primary substation by using PLC. The objective of this research is to transform the manual control system to automated switch control system in Myanmar. There are four main portions in SCADA based electrical distribution system. They are automated control system, interfacing units, monitoring system and networking system. The automated control system is emphasised in this research. This system can be accomplished by using PLC ladder diagram. This automated distribution system is analyzed to develop a secure, reliabe and convenient management tool which can use remote terminal units (RTUs. The simulations based approach automated system are demonstrated in this research. According to the simulation results, the proposed automated control system using PLC are met with the desired control environment with high performance stage. This system is efficient and reliable for conventional electrical distribution system in Myanmar by using SCADA based technology.

  3. Multi-Agent-Based Distributed State of Charge Balancing Control for Distributed Energy Storage Units in AC Microgrids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Chendan; Dragicevic, Tomislav; Vasquez, Juan Carlos;

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, a multiagent based distributed control algorithm has been proposed to achieve state of charge (SoC) balance of distributed energy storage (DES) units in an AC microgrid. The proposal uses frequency scheduling instead of adaptive droop gain. Each DES unit is taken as an agent...... and they schedule their own frequency reference given of the real power droop controller according to the SoC values of the other DES units. Further, to obtain the average SoC value of DES, dynamic average consensus algorithm is adapted by each agent. A smallsignal model of the system is developed in order...... to verify the stability of the control system and control parameters design. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the control strategy and also show the robustness against communication topology changes....

  4. Distributed Consensus-Based Control of Multiple DC-Microgrids Clusters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shafiee, Qobad; Dragicevic, Tomislav; Andrade, Fabio;

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents consensus-based distributed control strategies for voltage regulation and power flow control of dc microgrid (MG) clusters. In the proposed strategy, primary level of control is used to regulate the common bus voltage inside each MG locally. An SOC-based adaptive droop method ......-based cooperative algorithm is employed at this stage to define appropriate reference for power flow between MGs according to their local SOCs. The effectiveness of proposed control scheme is verified through detailed hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) simulations....

  5. A new strategy of axial power distribution control based on three axial offsets concept

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have proposed a very simple control procedure for axial xenon oscillation control based on a characteristic trajectory. The trajectory is drawn by three offsets of power distributions, namely, AOp, AOi and AOx. They are defined as the offset of axial power distribution, the offset of the power distribution under which the current iodine distribution is obtained as the equilibrium and that for xenon distribution, respectively. When these offsets are plotted on X-Y plane for (AOp-AOx, AOi-AOx) the trajectory draws a quite characteristic ellipse (or an elliptic spiral). On the other hands, Constant Axial Offset Control (CAOC) procedure is adopted as axial power distribution control strategy during both base load and load following operations in domestic PWRs. In the previous paper, we have presented an innovative procedure of axial power distribution control during load following in PWRs based on this trajectory such that the AOp-AOx is to be controlled to zero when the value deviates the pre-determined limiting values. In this paper we propose a modified control strategy to get more stability of axial power distributions. In this strategy, we control the trajectory to be close to the major axis of the ellipse when the power distribution reaches the limiting values. In other words, the plot is not controlled only to reduce AOp-AOx but also AOi-AOx is taken into account at the same time. It is known that when the plot is controlled to the major axis, it means that the point gives the peak position of axial xenon oscillation. Therefore xenon oscillation will not increase its amplitude any more. Thus more stable axial power distribution control is attained. This kind of design concept is quite important especially for the future PWRs with elongated fuel length and longer core life. Because in a longer effective core and also the longer core life, it has been known that the stability of axial xenon oscillation becomes more unstable. In this paper, some simulation

  6. A new approach based on ant colony optimization for daily Volt/Var control in distribution networks considering distributed generators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Niknam, Taher [Shiraz University of Technology, Electrical Engineering Department, Modars Boulevard, Shiraz (Iran)

    2008-12-15

    This paper presents a new approach to daily Volt/Var control in distribution systems with regard to distributed generators (DGs). Due to the small X/R ratio and radial configuration of distribution systems, DGs have much impact on this problem. A cost-based compensation methodology is proposed as a proper signal to encourage owners of DGs in active and reactive power generation. An evolutionary method based on ant colony optimization (ACO) is used to determine the active and reactive power values of DGs, reactive power values of capacitors and tap positions of transformers for the next day. The results indicate that the proposed encouraging factor has improved the performance of distribution networks on a large scale. (author)

  7. A new approach based on ant colony optimization for daily Volt/Var control in distribution networks considering distributed generators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a new approach to daily Volt/Var control in distribution systems with regard to distributed generators (DGs). Due to the small X/R ratio and radial configuration of distribution systems, DGs have much impact on this problem. A cost-based compensation methodology is proposed as a proper signal to encourage owners of DGs in active and reactive power generation. An evolutionary method based on ant colony optimization (ACO) is used to determine the active and reactive power values of DGs, reactive power values of capacitors and tap positions of transformers for the next day. The results indicate that the proposed encouraging factor has improved the performance of distribution networks on a large scale

  8. Fuzzy Logic based Coordinated Control of Battery Energy Storage System and Dispatchable Distributed Generation for Microgrid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhao, Haoran; Wu, Qiuwei; Wang, Chengshan;

    2015-01-01

    Microgrid is an efficient solution to integraterenewable energy sources (RES) into power systems. Inorder to deal with the intermittent characteristics of therenewable energy based distributed generation (DG) units,a fuzzy-logic based coordinated control strategy of thebattery energy storage system...

  9. Intelligent Scheduling Controller Design for Networked Control Systems Based on Estimation of Distribution Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Hongbo; SUN Zengqi; CHEN Badong; LIU Huaping

    2008-01-01

    The use of communication networks in control loops has gained increasing attention in recent years due to its advantages and flexible applications. The network quality-of-service (QoS) in those so-called networked control systems always fluctuates due to changes of the traffic load and available network resources. This paper presents an intelligent scheduling controller design approach for a class of NCSs to handle network QoS variations. The sampling period and control parameters in the controller are simultane-ously scheduled to compensate for the network QoS variations. The estimation of distribution algorithm is used to optimize the sampling period and control parameters for better performance. Compared with exist-ing networked control methods, the controller has better ability to compensate for the network QoS varia-tions and to balance network loads. Simulation results show that the plant setting time with the intelligent scheduling controller is reduced by about 64.0% for the medium network load and 49.1% for high network load and demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approaches.

  10. A computed torque method based attitude control with optimal force distribution for articulated body mobile robots

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper introduces an attitude control scheme based in optimal force distribution using quadratic programming which minimizes joint energy consumption. This method shares similarities with force distribution for multifingered hands, multiple coordinated manipulators and legged walking robots. In particular, an attitude control scheme was introduced inside the force distribution problem, and successfully implemented for control of the articulated body mobile robot KR-II. This is an actual mobile robot composed of cylindrical segments linked in series by prismatic joints and has a long snake-like appearance. These prismatic joints are force controlled so that each segment's vertical motion can automatically follow the terrain irregularities. An attitude control is necessary because this system acts like a system of wheeled inverted pendulum carts connected in series, being unstable by nature. The validity and effectiveness of the proposed method is verified by computer simulation and experiments with the robot KR-II. (author)

  11. A computed torque method based attitude control with optimal force distribution for articulated body mobile robots

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fukushima, Edwardo F.; Hirose, Shigeo [Tokyo Inst. of Tech. (Japan)

    2000-05-01

    This paper introduces an attitude control scheme based in optimal force distribution using quadratic programming which minimizes joint energy consumption. This method shares similarities with force distribution for multifingered hands, multiple coordinated manipulators and legged walking robots. In particular, an attitude control scheme was introduced inside the force distribution problem, and successfully implemented for control of the articulated body mobile robot KR-II. This is an actual mobile robot composed of cylindrical segments linked in series by prismatic joints and has a long snake-like appearance. These prismatic joints are force controlled so that each segment's vertical motion can automatically follow the terrain irregularities. An attitude control is necessary because this system acts like a system of wheeled inverted pendulum carts connected in series, being unstable by nature. The validity and effectiveness of the proposed method is verified by computer simulation and experiments with the robot KR-II. (author)

  12. Multiagent based Distributed Control for Operation Cost Minimization of Droop Controlled AC Microgrid Using Incremental Cost Consensus

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Chendan; Firoozabadi, Mehdi Savaghebi; Quintero, Juan Carlos Vasquez; Guerrero, Josep M.

    2015-01-01

    Microgrid, as a promising technology to integrate renewable energy resources in the distribution system, is gaining increasing research interests recently. Although many previous works have been done based on the droop control in a microgrid, they mainly focus on achieving proportional power sharing based on the power rating. With various types of distributed generator (DG) units in the system, factors that closely related to the operation cost, such as fuel cost and efficiencies of the gener...

  13. Multiagent-based Distributed Control for Operation Cost Minimization of Droop Controlled DC Microgrid Using Incremental Cost Consensus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Chendan; Quintero, Juan Carlos Vasquez; Guerrero, Josep M.

    In this paper, a multiagent based distributed control is proposed for DC microgrid to minimize the operation cost. The power of each distributed generator (DG) is dispatched in a distributed manner in a multiagent system by means of voltage scheduling. Every DG unit is taken as an agent, and they...... share the load corresponding to the operation cost of all the units in the system with only communication with direct neighbors through incremental cost consensus. The power regulation according to the power reference generated by consensus is implemented through voltage scheduling in local primary...... controllers. Simulation verification shows that total operation cost of the DC microgrid is successfully reduced though the proposed method....

  14. Distributed Control Diffusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, Ulrik Pagh

    2007-01-01

    . Programming a modular, self-reconfigurable robot is however a complicated task: the robot is essentially a real-time, distributed embedded system, where control and communication paths often are tightly coupled to the current physical configuration of the robot. To facilitate the task of programming modular....... The prototype relies on a simple virtual machine with a dedicated instruction set, allowing mobile programs to migrate between the modules that constitute a robot. Through a number of simulated experiments, we should how a single rule-based controller program implemented using distributed control diffusion can...

  15. Power distribution control of CANDU reactors based on modal representation of reactor kinetics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xia, Lingzhi, E-mail: lxia4@uwo.ca [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 5B9 (Canada); Jiang, Jin, E-mail: jjiang@eng.uwo.ca [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 5B9 (Canada); Luxat, John C., E-mail: luxatj@mcmaster.ca [Department of Engineering Physics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L7 (Canada)

    2014-10-15

    Highlights: • Linearization of the modal synthesis model of neutronic kinetic equations for CANDU reactors. • Validation of the linearized dynamic model through closed-loop simulations by using the reactor regulating system. • Design of a LQR state feedback controller for CANDU core power distribution control. • Comparison of the results of this new controller against those of the conventional reactor regulation system. - Abstract: Modal synthesis representation of a neutronic kinetic model for a CANDU reactor core has been utilized in the analysis and synthesis for reactor control systems. Among all the mode shapes, the fundamental mode of the power distribution, which also coincides with the desired reactor power distribution during operation, is used in the control system design. The nonlinear modal models are linearized around desired operating points. Based on the linearized model, linear quadratic regulator (LQR) control approach is used to synthesize a state feedback controller. The performance of this controller has been evaluated by using the original nonlinear models under load-following conditions. It has been demonstrated that the proposed reactor control system can produce more uniform power distribution than the traditional reactor regulation systems (RRS); in particular, it is more effective in compensating the Xenon induced transients.

  16. Controlling Torque Distribution for Parallel Hybrid Vehicle Based on Hierarchical Structure Fuzzy Logic

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HuangMiao-hua; JinGuo-dong

    2003-01-01

    The Hierarchical Structure Fuzzy Logic Control(HSFLC) strategies of torque distribute for Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) in the mocle of operation of the vehicle i. e. , acceleration, cruise, deceleration etc. have been studied. Using secondly developed the hybrid vehicle simulation tool ADVISOR, the dynamic model of PHEV has been set up by MATLAB/SIMULINK. The engine, motor as well as the battery characteristics have been studied. Simulation results show that the proposed hierarchical structured fuzzy logic control strategy is effective over the entire operating range of the vehicle in terms of fuel economy. Based on the analyses of the simulation results and driver's experiences, a fuzzy controller is designed and developed to control the torque distribution. The controller is evaluated via hardware-in-the-loop simulator (HILS). The results show that controller verify its value.

  17. Distributed optimization-based control of multi-agent networks in complex environments

    CERN Document Server

    Zhu, Minghui

    2015-01-01

    This book offers a concise and in-depth exposition of specific algorithmic solutions for distributed optimization based control of multi-agent networks and their performance analysis. It synthesizes and analyzes distributed strategies for three collaborative tasks: distributed cooperative optimization, mobile sensor deployment and multi-vehicle formation control. The book integrates miscellaneous ideas and tools from dynamic systems, control theory, graph theory, optimization, game theory and Markov chains to address the particular challenges introduced by such complexities in the environment as topological dynamics, environmental uncertainties, and potential cyber-attack by human adversaries. The book is written for first- or second-year graduate students in a variety of engineering disciplines, including control, robotics, decision-making, optimization and algorithms and with backgrounds in aerospace engineering, computer science, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering and operations research. Resea...

  18. An estimator-based distributed voltage-predictive control strategy for ac islanded microgrids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Yanbo; Chen, Zhe; Wang, Xiongfei;

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents an estimator-based voltage predictive control strategy for AC islanded microgrids, which is able to perform voltage control without any communication facilities. The proposed control strategy is composed of a network voltage estimator and a voltage predictive controller for each...... distributed generator, where the voltage estimator serves as an essential tool to obtain network voltages response without using communication links, while the voltage predictive controller is able to implement offset-free voltage control for a specified bus. The dynamic performance of the proposed voltage...... control strategy is analyzed through small signal analysis method, from which the design guideline for the controller parameters is formulated. Furthermore, the robustness of the proposed voltage control strategy is investigated under a series of parameters uncertainties, including the line parameters...

  19. A Java based environment to control and monitor distributed processing systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Distributed processing systems are considered to solve the challenging requirements of triggering and data acquisition systems for future HEP experiments. The aim of this work is to present a software environment to control and monitor large scale parallel processing systems based on a distributed client-server approach developed in Java. One server task may control several processing nodes, switching elements or controllers for different sub-systems. Servers are designed as multi-thread applications for efficient communications with other objects. Servers communicate between themselves by using Remote Method Invocation (RMI) in a peer-to-peer mechanism. This distributed server layer has to provide a dynamic and transparent access from any client to all the resources in the system. The graphical user interface programs, which are platform independent, may be transferred to any client via the http protocol. In this scheme the control and monitor tasks are distributed among servers and network controls the flow of information among servers and clients providing a flexible mechanism for monitoring and controlling large heterogenous distributed systems. (author)

  20. Dynamic Consensus Algorithm Based Distributed Global Efficiency Optimization of a Droop Controlled DC Microgrid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meng, Lexuan; Dragicevic, Tomislav; Guerrero, Josep M.;

    2014-01-01

    . Accordingly, this paper proposes a dynamic consensus algorithm based distributed optimization method aiming at improving the system efficiency while offering higher expandability and flexibility when compared to centralized control. Hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) results are shown to demonstrate the effectiveness...

  1. Raman-based distributed temperature sensor using simplex code and gain controlled EDFA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bassan, F. R.; Penze, R. S.; Leonardi, A. A.; Fracarolli, J. P. V.; Floridia, C.; Rosolem, J. B.; Fruett, F.

    2015-09-01

    In this work we present a comparison between simplex coded and optical amplified simplex coded Raman based Distributed Temperature Sensing (DTS). An increase in performance is demonstrated using erbium doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) with proper gain control scheme that allows a DTS operates with simplex code. Using 63-bit simplex code and gain controlled EDFA we demonstrated the temperature resolution and dynamic range improvement in 16 °C @ 10 km and 4 dB, respectively.

  2. A new method to obtain uniform distribution of ground control points based on regional statistical information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Chao; An, Wei; Deng, Xinpu

    2015-10-01

    The Ground Control Points (GCPs) is an important source of fundamental data in geometric correction for remote sensing imagery. The quantity, accuracy and distribution of GCPs are three factors which may affect the accuracy of geometric correction. It is generally required that the distribution of GCP should be uniform, so they can fully control the accuracy of mapping regions. In this paper, we establish an objective standard of evaluating the uniformity of the GCPs' distribution based on regional statistical information (RSI), and get an optimal distribution of GCPs. This sampling method is called RSIS for short in this work. The Amounts of GCPs in different regions by equally partitioning the image in regions in different manners are counted which forms a vector called RSI vector in this work. The uniformity of GCPs' distribution can be evaluated by a mathematical quantity of the RSI vector. An optimal distribution of GCPs is obtained by searching the RSI vector with the minimum mathematical quantity. In this paper, the simulation annealing is employed to search the optimal distribution of GCPs that have the minimum mathematical quantity of the RSI vector. Experiments are carried out to test the method proposed in this paper, and sampling designs compared are simple random sampling and universal kriging model-based sampling. The experiments indicate that this method is highly recommended as new GCPs sampling design method for geometric correction of remotely sensed imagery.

  3. A Multiagent-based Consensus Algorithm for Distributed Coordinated Control of Distributed Generators in the Energy Internet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sun, Qiuye; Han, Renke; Zhang, Huaguang;

    2015-01-01

    With the bidirectional power flow provided by the Energy Internet, various methods are promoted to improve and increase the energy utilization between Energy Internet and Main-Grid. This paper proposes a novel distributed coordinated controller combined with a multi-agent-based consensus algorithm...... which is applied to distributed generators in the Energy Internet. Then, the decomposed tasks, models, and information flow of the proposed method are analyzed. The proposed coordinated controller installed between the Energy Internet and the Main-Grid keeps voltage angles and amplitudes consensus while...... providing accurate power-sharing and minimizing circulating currents. Finally, the Energy Internet can be integrated into the Main-Grid seamlessly if necessary. Hence the Energy Internet can be operated as a spinning reserve system. Simulation results are provided to show the effectiveness of the proposed...

  4. Distributed behavior-based control architecture for a wall climbing robot

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the past two decades, Behavior-based AI (Artificial Intelligence) has emerged as a new approach in designing mobile robot control architecture. It stresses on the issues of reactivity, concurrency and real-time control. In this paper we propose a new approach in designing robust intelligent controllers for mobile robot platforms. The Behaviour-based paradigm implemented in a multiprocessing firmware architecture will further enhance parallelism present in the subsumption paradigm itself and increased real-timeness. The paper summarises research done to design a four-legged wall climbing robot. The emphasis will be on the control architecture of the robot based on the Behavior -based paradigm. The robot control architecture is made up of two layers, the locomotion layer and the gait controller layer. The two layers are implemented on a Vesta 68332 processor board running the Behaviour-based kernel, The software is developed using the L programming language, introduced by IS Robotics. The Behaviour-based paradigm is outlined and contrasted with the classical Knowledge-based approach. A description of the distributed architecture is presented followed by a presentation of the Behaviour-based agents for the two layers. (author)

  5. Distributed power control algorithm based on game theory for wireless sensor networks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Energy saving is the most important issue in research and development for wireless sensor networks. A power control mechanism can reduce the power consumption of the whole network.Because the character of wireless sensor networks is restrictive energy,this paper proposes a distributed power control algorithm based on game theory for wireless sensor networks which objects of which are reducing power consumption and decreasing overhead and increasing network lifetime.The game theory and OPNET simulation shows that the power control algorithm converges to a Nash Equilibrium when decisions are updated according to a better response dynamic.

  6. An RFID-Based Manufacturing Control Framework for Loosely Coupled Distributed Manufacturing System Supporting Mass Customization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ruey-Shun; Tsai, Yung-Shun; Tu, Arthur

    In this study we propose a manufacturing control framework based on radio-frequency identification (RFID) technology and a distributed information system to construct a mass-customization production process in a loosely coupled shop-floor control environment. On the basis of this framework, we developed RFID middleware and an integrated information system for tracking and controlling the manufacturing process flow. A bicycle manufacturer was used to demonstrate the prototype system. The findings of this study were that the proposed framework can improve the visibility and traceability of the manufacturing process as well as enhance process quality control and real-time production pedigree access. Using this framework, an enterprise can easily integrate an RFID-based system into its manufacturing environment to facilitate mass customization and a just-in-time production model.

  7. Autonomous Decentralized Control of Supply and Demand by Inverter Based Distributed Generations in Isolated Microgrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shiki, Akira; Yokoyama, Akihiko; Baba, Jyunpei; Takano, Tomihiro; Gouda, Takahiro; Izui, Yoshio

    Recently, because of the environmental burden mitigation, energy conservations, energy security, and cost reductions, distributed generations are attracting our strong attention. These distributed generations (DGs) have been already installed to the distribution system, and much more DGs will be expected to be connected in the future. On the other hand, a new concept called “Microgrid” which is a small power supply network consisting of only DGs was proposed and some prototype projects are ongoing in Japan. The purpose of this paper is to develop the three-phase instantaneous valued digital simulator of microgrid consisting of a lot of inverter based DGs and to develop a supply and demand control method in isolated microgrid. First, microgrid is modeled using MATLAB/SIMULINK. We develop models of three-phase instantaneous valued inverter type CVCF generator, PQ specified generator, PV specified generator, PQ specified load as storage battery, photovoltaic generation, fuel cell and inverter load respectively. Then we propose an autonomous decentralized control method of supply and demand in isolated microgrid where storage batteries, fuel cells, photovoltaic generations and loads are connected. It is proposed here that the system frequency is used as a means to control DG output. By changing the frequency of the storage battery due to unbalance of supply and demand, all inverter based DGs detect the frequency fluctuation and change their own outputs. Finally, a new frequency control method in autonomous decentralized control of supply and demand is proposed. Though the frequency is used to transmit the information on the supply and demand unbalance to DGs, after the frequency plays the role, the frequency finally has to return to a standard value. To return the frequency to the standard value, the characteristic curve of the fuel cell is shifted in parallel. This control is carried out corresponding to the fluctuation of the load. The simulation shows that the

  8. PSO-Based PI Controller for Shunt APF in Distribution Network of Multi Harmonic Sources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wael M. Elmamlouk

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available PI controller tuning with the assumption of linear PWM model leads to unsatisfactory results under varying operating conditions. Optimal tuning of PI gains is required to get the best response of PI controllers. This paper presents a new method for harmonic suppression using particle swarm optimization (PSO based PI controller (PSOPI to estimate an efficient shunt active power filter (SAPF. The proposed filter is tested on a 13 bus industrial distribution system. The study system with the 18 study cases are simulated through MATLAB Simulink with different loading condition and single and multi harmonic sources. The results of applying the PIPSO controller are compared with those out of a double proportional controller (DPC. The obtained results ensure the effectiveness of the proposed filter and its superiority in reducing harmonics.

  9. A university-based distributed satellite mission control network for operating professional space missions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitts, Christopher; Rasay, Mike

    2016-03-01

    For more than a decade, Santa Clara University's Robotic Systems Laboratory has operated a unique, distributed, internet-based command and control network for providing professional satellite mission control services for a variety of government and industry space missions. The system has been developed and is operated by students who become critical members of the mission teams throughout the development, test, and on-orbit phases of these missions. The mission control system also supports research in satellite control technology and hands-on student aerospace education. This system serves as a benchmark for its comprehensive nature, its student-centric nature, its ability to support NASA and industry space missions, and its longevity in providing a consistent level of professional services. This paper highlights the unique features of this program, reviews the network's design and the supported spacecraft missions, and describes the critical programmatic features of the program that support the control of professional space missions.

  10. Multi-agent based control of large-scale complex systems employing distributed dynamic inference engine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Daili

    Increasing societal demand for automation has led to considerable efforts to control large-scale complex systems, especially in the area of autonomous intelligent control methods. The control system of a large-scale complex system needs to satisfy four system level requirements: robustness, flexibility, reusability, and scalability. Corresponding to the four system level requirements, there arise four major challenges. First, it is difficult to get accurate and complete information. Second, the system may be physically highly distributed. Third, the system evolves very quickly. Fourth, emergent global behaviors of the system can be caused by small disturbances at the component level. The Multi-Agent Based Control (MABC) method as an implementation of distributed intelligent control has been the focus of research since the 1970s, in an effort to solve the above-mentioned problems in controlling large-scale complex systems. However, to the author's best knowledge, all MABC systems for large-scale complex systems with significant uncertainties are problem-specific and thus difficult to extend to other domains or larger systems. This situation is partly due to the control architecture of multiple agents being determined by agent to agent coupling and interaction mechanisms. Therefore, the research objective of this dissertation is to develop a comprehensive, generalized framework for the control system design of general large-scale complex systems with significant uncertainties, with the focus on distributed control architecture design and distributed inference engine design. A Hybrid Multi-Agent Based Control (HyMABC) architecture is proposed by combining hierarchical control architecture and module control architecture with logical replication rings. First, it decomposes a complex system hierarchically; second, it combines the components in the same level as a module, and then designs common interfaces for all of the components in the same module; third, replications

  11. Voltage Control Method Using Distributed Generators Based on a Multi-Agent System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyun-Koo Kang

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a voltage control method using multiple distributed generators (DGs based on a multi-agent system framework. The output controller of each DG is represented as a DG agent, and each voltage-monitoring device is represented as a monitoring agent. These agents cooperate to accomplish voltage regulation through a coordinating agent or moderator. The moderator uses the reactive power sensitivities and margins to determine the voltage control contributions of each DG. A fuzzy inference system (FIS is employed by the moderator to manage the decision-making process. An FIS scheme is developed and optimized to enhance the efficiency of the proposed voltage control process using particle swarm optimization. A simple distribution system with four voltage-controllable DGs is modeled, and an FIS moderator is implemented to control the system. Simulated data show that the proposed voltage control process is able to maintain the system within the operating voltage limits. Furthermore, the results were similar to those obtained using optimal power flow calculations, even though little information on the power system was required and no power flow calculations were implemented.

  12. A distributed CAN bus based embedded control system for 750 KeV DC accelerator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes a distributed embedded system that uses a high performance mixed signal controller C8051F040 for its DAQ nodes and is based on CAN bus protocol for remote monitoring and controlling of various subsystems of 750 KeV DC accelerator based irradiation facility at RRCAT, Indore. A PC with integrated PCI CAN card communicates with intelligent DAQ nodes over CAN bus and each node is interfaced with a subsystem. An opto isolated SN65HVD230 CAN driver is interfaced between each node and physical bus. Remote frames and message prioritising are used for efficient control. The PC application is developed using LabVIEW 8.6. The proposed system is more reliable and noise immune as compared to previously used systems that initially used a centralized system based on C8051 controller. This was then upgraded to a distributed system that used microcontroller AduC812 and communicated over RS485 link. The new system has been integrated and tested satisfactorily for its designed performance with test jigs that simulated the actual subsystems with a bus length of 75 meters. First the complete scheme of the system is presented, and then the hardware and software designs are discussed. (author)

  13. Networked and Distributed Predictive Control

    CERN Document Server

    Christofides, Panagiotis D; De La Pena, David Munoz

    2011-01-01

    "Networked and Distributed Predictive Control" presents rigorous, yet practical, methods for the design of networked and distributed predictive control systems - the first book to do so. The design of model predictive control systems using Lyapunov-based techniques accounting for the influence of asynchronous and delayed measurements is followed by a treatment of networked control architecture development. This shows how networked control can augment dedicated control systems in a natural way and takes advantage of additional, potentially asynchronous and delayed measurements to main

  14. ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK CONTROLLER BASED DISTRIBUTION STATIC COMPENSATOR FOR VOLTAGE SAG MITIGATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Rajasekaran

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Switching of loads, capacitors, along with the proliferation of power electronics equipment, non-linear loads in industrial, commercial and domestic applications have lead to power quality issues in the distribution system. Power quality issues such as voltage sag, voltage swell and harmonics, which are certainly major concerning issues in the present era. These issues can lead to failure or malfunction of the many sensitive loads connected to the distribution system, thus incurring a high cost for end users. Power quality problems are solved by advanced custom power devices. This study presents how the custom power device Distribution Static Compensator (D-STATCOM is used to mitigate voltage sag and voltage harmonics in distribution system. Artificial Neural Network (ANN controller based D-STATCOM is simulated in MATLAB-SIMULINK environment. Prototype model for single phase D-STATCOM is developed to verify the results. The simulation and hardware results show clearly the performance of the D-STATCOM in mitigating voltage sag and voltage harmonics in distribution system.

  15. Partially Key Distribution with Public Key Cryptosystem Based on Error Control Codes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tavallaei, Saeed Ebadi; Falahati, Abolfazl

    Due to the low level of security in public key cryptosystems based on number theory, fundamental difficulties such as "key escrow" in Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) and a secure channel in ID-based cryptography, a new key distribution cryptosystem based on Error Control Codes (ECC) is proposed . This idea is done by some modification on McEliece cryptosystem. The security of ECC cryptosystem obtains from the NP-Completeness of block codes decoding. The capability of generating public keys with variable lengths which is suitable for different applications will be provided by using ECC. It seems that usage of these cryptosystems because of decreasing in the security of cryptosystems based on number theory and increasing the lengths of their keys would be unavoidable in future.

  16. The design development and commissioning of two distributed computer based boiler control systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CEBG N.E. Region has recently commissioned two major boiler control schemes using distributed computer control system. Both systems have considerable development potential to allow modifications to meet changing operational requirements. The distributed approach to control was chosen in both instances so as to achieve high control system availability and as a method of easing the commissioning programs. The experience gained with these two projects has reinforced the view that distributed computer systems show advantages over centralised single computers especially if software is designed for the distributed system. (auth)

  17. CORBA-Based Distributed Software Framework for the NIF Integrated Computer Control System

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The National Ignition Facility (NIF), currently under construction at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, is a stadium-sized facility containing a 192-beam, 1.8 Megajoule, 500-Terawatt, ultra-violet laser system together with a 10-meter diameter target chamber with room for nearly 100 experimental diagnostics. The NIF is operated by the Integrated Computer Control System (ICCS) which is a scalable, framework-based control system distributed over 800 computers throughout the NIF. The framework provides templates and services at multiple levels of abstraction for the construction of software applications that communicate via CORBA (Common Object Request Broker Architecture). Object-oriented software design patterns are implemented as templates and extended by application software. Developers extend the framework base classes to model the numerous physical control points and implement specializations of common application behaviors. An estimated 140 thousand software objects, each individually addressable through CORBA, will be active at full scale. Many of these objects have persistent configuration information stored in a database. The configuration data is used to initialize the objects at system start-up. Centralized server programs that implement events, alerts, reservations, data archival, name service, data access, and process management provide common system wide services. At the highest level, a model-driven, distributed shot automation system provides a flexible and scalable framework for automatic sequencing of work-flow for control and monitoring of NIF shots. The shot model, in conjunction with data defining the parameters and goals of an experiment, describes the steps to be performed by each subsystem in order to prepare for and fire a NIF shot. Status and usage of this distributed framework are described

  18. CORBA-based distributed software framework for the NIF integrated computer control system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The National Ignition Facility (NIF), currently under construction at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, is a stadium-sized facility containing a 192-beam, 1.8 MJ, 500 TW, ultra-violet laser system together with a 10-meter diameter target chamber with room for nearly 100 experimental diagnostics. The NIF is operated by the Integrated Computer Control System (ICCS) which is a scalable, framework-based control system distributed over 800 computers throughout the NIF. The framework provides templates and services at multiple levels of abstraction for the construction of software applications that communicate via CORBA (Common Object Request Broker Architecture). Object-oriented software design patterns are implemented as templates and extended by application software. Developers extend the framework base classes to model the numerous physical control points and implement specializations of common application behaviors. An estimated 140,000 software objects, each individually addressable through CORBA, will be active at full scale. Many of these objects have persistent configuration information stored in a database. The configuration data is used to initialize the objects at system start-up. Centralized server programs that implement events, alerts, reservations, data archival, name service, data access, and process management provide common system wide services. At the highest level, a model-driven, distributed shot automation system provides a flexible and scalable framework for automatic sequencing of workflow for control and monitoring of NIF shots. The shot model, in conjunction with data defining the parameters and goals of an experiment, describes the steps to be performed by each subsystem in order to prepare for and fire a NIF shot. Status and usage of this distributed framework are described

  19. ADAPTIVE RESOURCE CONTROL MECHANISM THROUGH REPUTATION-BASED SCHEDULING IN HETEROGENEOUS DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masnida Hussin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The service-oriented distributed systems such as Grids and Clouds are unified computing platform that connect and share heterogeneous resources including computation resource, storage resource, information resource and knowledge resource. While these systems provide a vast amount of computing power their reliability are often hard to be guaranteed. It is due to the increased complexity of processing (e.g., overhead, latency that can indirectly affect the system performance. In this study, we addressed the problem of dynamic control for resource management in distributed computing environment. Our dynamic resource control mechanism is designed based on reputation-based scheduling that aims for sustainable resource sharing. Particularly, each computational resource in the environment has its own reputation value that calculated online by considering the computing capacity and availability. The degree of resource reputation significantly helps in scheduling decisions in terms of successful execution while adaptively monitoring resource availability. Results demonstrate that our resource control mechanism significantly increases successful execution, while leading to robust resource management.

  20. Multiagent based Distributed Control for Operation Cost Minimization of Droop Controlled AC Microgrid Using Incremental Cost Consensus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Chendan; Firoozabadi, Mehdi Savaghebi; Quintero, Juan Carlos Vasquez;

    2015-01-01

    sharing based on the power rating. With various types of distributed generator (DG) units in the system, factors that closely related to the operation cost, such as fuel cost and efficiencies of the generator should be taken into account in order to improve the efficiency of the whole system....... In this paper, a multiagent based distributed method is proposed to minimize operation cost of the AC microgrid. Each DG is acting as an agent which regulates the power individually using proposed frequency scheduling method. Optimal power command is obtained through carefully designed consensus algorithm...... with only light communication between neighboring agents. Case studies verified that the proposed control strategy can effectively reduce the operation cost....

  1. MonALISA: An agent based, dynamic service system to monitor, control and optimize distributed systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legrand, I.; Newman, H.; Voicu, R.; Cirstoiu, C.; Grigoras, C.; Dobre, C.; Muraru, A.; Costan, A.; Dediu, M.; Stratan, C.

    2009-12-01

    The MonALISA (Monitoring Agents in a Large Integrated Services Architecture) framework provides a set of distributed services for monitoring, control, management and global optimization for large scale distributed systems. It is based on an ensemble of autonomous, multi-threaded, agent-based subsystems which are registered as dynamic services. They can be automatically discovered and used by other services or clients. The distributed agents can collaborate and cooperate in performing a wide range of management, control and global optimization tasks using real time monitoring information. Program summaryProgram title: MonALISA Catalogue identifier: AEEZ_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEEZ_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Caltech License - free for all non-commercial activities No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 147 802 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 2 5913 689 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: Java, additional APIs available in Java, C, C++, Perl and python Computer: Computing Clusters, Network Devices, Storage Systems, Large scale data intensive applications Operating system: The MonALISA service is mainly used in Linux, the MonALISA client runs on all major platforms (Windows, Linux, Solaris, MacOS). Has the code been vectorized or parallelized?: It is a multithreaded application. It will efficiently use all the available processors. RAM: for the MonALISA service the minimum required memory is 64 MB; if the JVM is started allocating more memory this will be used for internal caching. The MonALISA client requires typically 256-512 MB of memory. Classification: 6.5 External routines: Requires Java: JRE or JDK to run. These external packages are used (they are included in the distribution): JINI, JFreeChart, PostgreSQL (optional). Nature of problem: To monitor and control

  2. A Secure Time-Stamp Based Concurrency Control Protocol For Distributed Databases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shashi Bhushan

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In distributed database systems the global database is partitioned into a collection of local databases stored at different sites. In this era of growing technology and fast communication media, security has an important role to play. In this paper we presented a secure concurrency control protocol (SCCP based on the timestamp ordering, which provides concurrency control and maintains security. We also implemented SCCP and a comparison of SCCP is presented in three cases (High, Medium and Low security levels. In this experiment, It is observed that throughput of the system decreases as the security level of the transaction increases, i.e., there is tradeoff between the security level and the throughput of the system.

  3. Impact of dither-based Electro-Optic Modulator bias control on distributed Brillouin sensing system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Qiao; Tu, Xiaobo; Sun, Shilin; Hu, Xiaoyang; Meng, Zhou

    2015-10-01

    In most distributed Brillouin sensing systems, it is crucial to keep the long-term stability of the electro-optic modulator (EOM) operating point. The dither-tone based bias control methods are widely adopted in this kind of systems for its robustness and reliability, but the low frequency dither tone (a few kilohertz) added into the dc bias port of the EOM may have a detrimental impact on the sensing performance of the Brillouin sensing system. Experimental results show that the dither frequency should not be set around quarter of the pulse repetition rate or its multiples, and the employed dither amplitude should be in the range of 0.003Vπ to 0.015Vπ (Vπ is the RF half-wave voltage of the EOM), in order to overcome the limitation of dither tone based bias control techniques in BOTDA systems. These results will provide guidelines to improve the performance of the Brillouin sensing systems using dither-based EOM bias control method.

  4. A remote islanding detection and control strategy for photovoltaic-based distributed generation systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • This study presents a new remote islanding detection method for PV based DG systems. • An uncomplicated VLSI based structure for voltage drifting detection is proposed with FPGA. • The proposed method was verified by the developed PV testbed constituted in the laboratory. • The islanding detection time is 1.65 ms even in a resonant condition. • The proposed method is independent from inverter & load so it can be easily implemented. - Abstract: This study presents a new remote islanding detection method and control system for photovoltaic (PV) based Distributed Generation (DG) systems. The proposed method monitors and controls the grid, local load and the output of the PV inverter in real time with the communication of circuit breakers. The proposed remote control system detects the changes in the currents of the circuit breakers, frequency, and the voltages by checking the defined threshold values at all electrical branches of the PV system. The proposed islanding detection algorithm was implemented by a low-cost FPGA board. The control system was also designed by considering a Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) structure. The proposed method was verified by a developed prototype PV system constituted in the laboratory. The proposed control system was checked in a resonance condition with an active power match, and the verified results indicated that the developed system was also independent of the load and the inverter. Islanding detection time is approximately 1.65 ms even in a worst-case operational scenario, and this is a significantly shorter response time according to the existing standards. The proposed method presents a realistic solution to islanding, is easy to implement, and is suitable for real system applications. The method also provides a reliable islanding detection and presents a low-cost solution to the subject

  5. Symmetric grey box identification and distributed beam-based controller design for free-electron lasers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    -called bunch compressors, are used for a longitudinal compression of the electron bunches. Depending on the beam energy distribution, the electrons travel on different trajectories through the bunch compressor. This allows to control the mean beam energy and energy distribution to minimize the bunch arrival time and bunch compression error at the expense of a non-constant beam energy. Besides controlling the latter beam-based signals, a distributed control scheme is presented which minimizes beam energy variations by an information exchange with neighboring controller modules, leading to an improvement of the beam energy performance. The presented results were achieved and measurements were carried out at FLASH. Further important plant upgrades for the XFEL project are a completely new hardware platform, providing a higher sampling rate and measurement precision. The proposed system identification and controller approaches have been validated experimentally and in simulation for both hardware platforms.

  6. Internet Peer-to-Peer Communication Based Distribution Loop Control System

    OpenAIRE

    Depablos, Juancarlo

    2003-01-01

    This thesis describes the application of microprocessor based relays with internet communication capabilities in distribution protection systems. The traditional distribution protection system (recloser, sectionalizers) was configured to automatically isolate faulted circuits as well as to reenergize unfaulted loads after a certain number of reclosing operations. Internet Peer-to-Peer communication enables distribution relays to communicate with others connected to the communication network w...

  7. A TCP/IP framework for ethernet-based measurement, control and experiment data distribution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ocaya, R. O.; Minny, J.

    2010-11-01

    A complete modular but scalable TCP/IP based scientific instrument control and data distribution system has been designed and realized. The system features an IEEE 802.3 compliant 10 Mbps Medium Access Controller (MAC) and Physical Layer Device that is suitable for the full-duplex monitoring and control of various physically widespread measurement transducers in the presence of a local network infrastructure. The cumbersomeness of exchanging and synchronizing data between the various transducer units using physical storage media led to the choice of TCP/IP as a logical alternative. The system and methods developed are scalable for broader usage over the Internet. The system comprises a PIC18f2620 and ENC28j60 based hardware and a software component written in C, Java/Javascript and Visual Basic.NET programming languages for event-level monitoring and browser user-interfaces respectively. The system exchanges data with the host network through IPv4 packets requested and received on a HTTP page. It also responds to ICMP echo, UDP and ARP requests through a user selectable integrated DHCP and static IPv4 address allocation scheme. The round-trip time, throughput and polling frequency are estimated and reported. A typical application to temperature monitoring and logging is also presented.

  8. Consensus-based distributed control for economic dispatch problem with comprehensive constraints in a smart grid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Cao

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Economic dispatch problem (EDP has become more complex and challenging in power systems due to the introduction of smart grids. In a smart grid, it’s expensive and unreliable for the existing centralized controller to achieve a minimum cost when generating a certain amount of power. In this work, we define a quadratic cost function and comprehensive constraints to improve the consensus algorithm. We propose a distributed control approach based on the improved consensus algorithm to solve the EDP in a smart grid. Different from the centralized approach, the proposed approach enables each generator to collect the mismatch between power demands and generations in a distributed manner. The mismatch in power is used as a feedback for each generator to adjust its power generation. The incremental cost of the generator is selected as the consensus quantity that converges to a common value eventually. Simulation results of different case studies are provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm. The comparisons between the proposed approach and the existing ones are also presented.

  9. Distributed Networked Control System for Power Supply System of the Accelerator Based on Canopen Protocol

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Network based control system for a power supply unit of the linear accelerator was developed. Front-end level of the system is based on CAN fieldbus with CANopen and CANEX application level protocols. Both local and remote control foe each CANopen node is provided. Level 2 control stations of the system are ARM9 CPU based machines, operating under Linux OS

  10. An improved current control scheme for grid-connected DG unit based distribution system harmonic compensation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    He, Jinwei; Wei Li, Yun; Wang, Xiongfei; Blaabjerg, Frede

    In order to utilize DG unit interfacing converters to actively compensate distribution system harmonics, this paper proposes an enhanced current control approach. It seamlessly integrates system harmonic mitigation capabilities with the primary DG power generation function. As the proposed curren...

  11. Sliding Mode Control of the Battery Bank for the Fuel Cell-based Distributed Generation System

    OpenAIRE

    Junsheng Jiao

    2013-01-01

    The dynamic models for the fuel cell power and the configuration of the fuel cell distributed generation system are shown in this paper. Due to nonlinear characteristics of fuel cell model, the output voltage of fuel cell varies greatly when the load changes. A novel interface is designed to provide a constant output voltage for charging of the battery bank of the fuel cell distributed generation. The thesis presents a sliding mode control design of PEMFC distributed generation system. A casc...

  12. Stable Flocking of Multiple Agents Based on Molecular Potential Field and Distributed Receding Horizon Control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Yun-Peng; DUAN Hai-Bin; ZHANG Xiang-Yin

    2011-01-01

    @@ A novel distributed control scheme to generate stable flocking motion for a group of agents is proposed.In this control scheme, a molecular potential field model is applied as the potential field function because of its smoothness and unique shape.The approach of distributed receding horizon control is adopted to drive each agent to find its optimal control input to lower its potential at every step.Experimental results show that this proposed control scheme can ensure that all agents eventually converge to a stable flocking formation with a common velocity and the collisions can also be avoided at the same time.%A novel distributed control scheme to generate stable flocking motion for a group of agents is proposed. In this control scheme, a molecular potential field model is applied as the potential field function because of its smoothness and unique shape. The approach of distributed receding horizon control is adopted to drive each agent to find its optimal control input to lower its potential at every step. Experimental results show that this proposed control scheme can ensure that all agents eventually converge to a stable flocking formation with a common velocity and the collisions can also be avoided at the same time.

  13. An improved current control scheme for grid-connected DG unit based distribution system harmonic compensation

    OpenAIRE

    He, Jinwei; Li, Yun Wei; WANG, XIONGFEI; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2013-01-01

    In order to utilize DG unit interfacing converters to actively compensate distribution system harmonics, this paper proposes an enhanced current control approach. It seamlessly integrates system harmonic mitigation capabilities with the primary DG power generation function. As the proposed current controller has two well decoupled control branches to independently control fundamental and harmonic DG currents, phase-locked loops (PLL) and system harmonic component extractions can be avoided du...

  14. SAT-based Distributed Reactive Control Protocol Synthesis for Boolean Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Sahin, Yunus Emre; Ozay, Necmiye

    2016-01-01

    This paper considers the synthesis of distributed reactive control protocols for a Boolean network in a distributed manner. We start with a directed acyclic graph representing a network of Boolean subsystems and a global contract, given as an assumption-guarantee pair. Assumption captures the environment behavior, and guarantee is the requirements to be satisfied by the system. Local assumption-guarantee contracts, together with local control protocols ensuring these local contracts, are comp...

  15. Control strategies based on effective power factor for distributed generation power plants during unbalanced grid voltage

    OpenAIRE

    Camacho Santiago, Antonio; Castilla Fernández, Miguel; Miret Tomàs, Jaume; Matas Alcalá, José; Guzmán Solà, Ramon; de Sousa Pérez, Óscar; Martí Colom, Pau; García de Vicuña Muñoz de la Nava, José Luis

    2013-01-01

    Unbalanced voltages in three-phase power systems is a common perturbation propagated along the grid. Distributed Generation plants have gained widespread attention due to their capability to improve power quality in a distributed manner, including voltage unbalance mitigation. A conventional control strategy to command power plants during balanced grid voltages, is the use of power factor to inject/absorb reactive power depending on grid conditions. Advanced control strategies during unbalanc...

  16. SVR learning-based spatiotemporal fuzzy logic controller for nonlinear spatially distributed dynamic systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xian-Xia; Jiang, Ye; Li, Han-Xiong; Li, Shao-Yuan

    2013-10-01

    A data-driven 3-D fuzzy-logic controller (3-D FLC) design methodology based on support vector regression (SVR) learning is developed for nonlinear spatially distributed dynamic systems. Initially, the spatial information expression and processing as well as the fuzzy linguistic expression and rule inference of a 3-D FLC are integrated into spatial fuzzy basis functions (SFBFs), and then the 3-D FLC can be depicted by a three-layer network structure. By relating SFBFs of the 3-D FLC directly to spatial kernel functions of an SVR, an equivalence relationship of the 3-D FLC and the SVR is established, which means that the 3-D FLC can be designed with the help of the SVR learning. Subsequently, for an easy implementation, a systematic SVR learning-based 3-D FLC design scheme is formulated. In addition, the universal approximation capability of the proposed 3-D FLC is presented. Finally, the control of a nonlinear catalytic packed-bed reactor is considered as an application to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed 3-D FLC. PMID:24808600

  17. The equipment access software for a distributed UNIX-based accelerator control system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a generic equipment access software package for a distributed control system using computers with UNIX or UNIX-like operating systems. The package consists of three main components, an application Equipment Access Library, Message Handler and Equipment Data Base. An application task, which may run in any computer in the network, sends requests to access equipment through Equipment Library calls. The basic request is in the form Equipment-Action-Data and is routed via a remote procedure call to the computer to which the given equipment is connected. In this computer the request is received by the Message Handler. According to the type of the equipment connection, the Message Handler either passes the request to the specific process software in the same computer or forwards it to a lower level network of equipment controllers using MIL1553B, GPIB, RS232 or BITBUS communication. The answer is then returned to the calling application. Descriptive information required for request routing and processing is stored in the real-time Equipment Data Base. The package has been written to be portable and is currently available on DEC Ultrix, LynxOS, HPUX, XENIX, OS-9 and Apollo domain. ((orig.))

  18. Sliding Mode Control of the Battery Bank for the Fuel Cell-based Distributed Generation System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junsheng Jiao

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The dynamic models for the fuel cell power and the configuration of the fuel cell distributed generation system are shown in this paper. Due to nonlinear characteristics of fuel cell model, the output voltage of fuel cell varies greatly when the load changes. A novel interface is designed to provide a constant output voltage for charging of the battery bank of the fuel cell distributed generation. The thesis presents a sliding mode control design of PEMFC distributed generation system. A cascaded control structure is chosen for ease of control realization and to exploit the motion separation property of power converters. The simulation results confirm the output current and voltage of the PEM fuel cell array converge rapidly to their reference values.

  19. Distributed information-processing system with voice control based on OS Android

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. V. Apolonov

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Trends of increase of ACS and AIS and their use in everyday life are discussed. The need a voice mode of human interaction with AIS is mentioned. Noticed that network integration of AIS allows to combine their resources and contributes to progress in speech recognition. The emergence of smart phones and their widespread use is the desire to use them as personal voice terminals for access to distributed information networks. Main part: Possibility of use of Android-based personal portable mobile devices (PPMD like terminals and like autonomous units, as well as possibility of use of Windows-based stationary PC like servers of distributed data-processing system (DDPS with voice control are considered. Criteria for selection of PPMD and OS of client terminals, as well as requirements DDPS and its structure are formulated. Concept of building of DDPS by "client - server" and "a lot of clients — many servers" technologies are submitted. Concept of a PPMD virtual interface and server virtual interface are offered. Communication between threads within the process of the PPMD virtual interface of client terminal and the interaction between the processes of the client and server in the autonomous mode, as well as in the DDPS mode are considered. The results of experimental tests of the prototype of DDPS when exchanging data between Windows and Android clients, and Windows Server are running; the accuracy and reliability of embedded solutions and scalability of DDPS are confirmed. Conclusions: Modern PPMD on Android OS with can be used as terminal devices for construction on the basis of their different specialized voice control DDPS with technology "client - server" and "a lot of customers - many servers". Unification APIs of PPMD with different OS can be done by implementing a virtual PPMD interface. Exchanging data between processes of DDPS better sell through technology Berkeley sockets, which are supported by most modern operating

  20. Assesment and Analyze Hybride Control System in Distribution Static Synchronous Compensator Based Current Source Converter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Mohammad Ali Zanjani

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available With the rapid technology advancement in control processes, electric utilities are experiencing more demanding requirements on the power quality from the large industrial power consumers. For achieved this purpose use of FACTS devices. One of kind compensator is D-Statcom, using in distribution system for conquest of power quality problem. This paper presents system modeling and control design techniques of distribution static synchronous compensator. For reach an optimal design, using a hybride state-feedback and d-q control systems. Using direct sampling on network parameter, than conventional control system, as well as fast dynamic responses are achieved. The derived simulations are tried to verify the result of this paper.

  1. An adaptive control strategy of converter based DG to maintain protection coordination in distribution system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Su, Chi; Liu, Zhou; Chen, Zhe;

    2014-01-01

    network protection devices. As a protection measure commonly used in distribution network, recloser-fuse coordination could suffer from this impact. Research work has been conducted to deal with this problem by modifying the control strategy of the DG converters during faults. These solutions generally...

  2. Distributed Mo del Predictive Control Based on Multi-agent Mo del for Electric Multiple Units

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Zhong-Qi; YANG Hui; ZHANG Kun-Peng; FU Ya-Ting

    2014-01-01

    The distributed-power electric multiple units (EMUs) are widely used in high-speed railway. Due to the structural characteristic of mutual-coupled power units in EMUs, each power unit is set as an agent. Combining with the traction/brake characteristic curve and running data of EMUs, a subtractive clustering method and pattern classification algorithm are adopted to set up a multi-model set for every agent. Then, the multi-agent model is established according to the multi-agent network topology and mutual-coupled constraint relations. Finally, we adopt a smooth start switching control strategy and a multi-agent distributed coordination control algorithm to ensure the synchronous speed tracking control of each agent. Simulation results on the actual CRH380A running data show the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

  3. Multiagent Based Distributed Control for State-of-Charge Balance of Distributed Energy Storage in DC microgrids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Chendan; Dragicevic, Tomislav; Garcia Plaza, Manuel;

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, a distributed multiagent based algorithm is proposed to achieve SoC balance for DES in the DC microgrid by means of voltage scheduling. Reference voltage given is adjusted instead of droop gain. Dynamic average consensus algorithm is explored in each agent to get the required...... information for scheduling voltage autonomously. State-space analysis on a single energy storage unit and simulation verification shows that the proposed method has two advantages. Firstly, modifying the reference voltage given has less impact on system stability compared to gain scheduling. Secondly, by...

  4. Distributed Control of Inverter-Based Lossy Microgrids for Power Sharing and Frequency Regulation Under Voltage Constraints

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chang, Chin-Yao; Zhang, Wei

    2016-01-19

    This paper presents a new distributed control framework to coordinate inverter-interfaced distributed energy resources (DERs) in island microgrids. We show that under bounded load uncertainties, the proposed control method can steer the microgrid to a desired steady state with synchronized inverter frequency across the network and proportional sharing of both active and reactive powers among the inverters. We also show that such convergence can be achieved while respecting constraints on voltage magnitude and branch angle differences. The controller is robust under various contingency scenarios, including loss of communication links and failures of DERs. The proposed controller is applicable to lossy mesh microgrids with heterogeneous R/X distribution lines and reasonable parameter variations. Simulations based on various microgrid operation scenarios are also provided to show the effectiveness of the proposed control method.

  5. Optimal Active Power Control of A Wind Farm Equipped with Energy Storage System based on Distributed Model Predictive Control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhao, Haoran; Wu, Qiuwei; Guo, Qinglai;

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents the Distributed Model Predictive Control (D-MPC) of a wind farm equipped with fast and short-term Energy Storage System (ESS) for optimal active power control using the fast gradient method via dual decomposition. The primary objective of the D-MPC control of the wind farm is...... power reference tracking from system operators. Besides, by optimal distribution of the power references to individual wind turbines and the ESS unit, the wind turbine mechanical loads are alleviated. With the fast gradient method, the convergence rate of the DMPC is significantly improved which leads...... to a reduction of the iteration number. Accordingly, the communication burden is reduced. Case studies demonstrate that the additional ESS unit can lead to a larger wind turbine load reduction, compared to the conventional wind farm control without ESS. Moreover, the efficiency of the developed D...

  6. Distributed Multiagent for NAO Robot Joint Position Control Based on Echo State Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ling Qin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on echo state networks, the joints position control of NAO robot is studied in this paper. The process to control the robot position can be divided into two phases. The senor parameters are released during the first phase. Depending on the dynamic coupling effect between the angle acceleration of passive joint and the torque of active joint, passive joint can be controlled indirectly to the desired position along the desired trajectory. The ESN control rules during the first phase are described and ESN controller is designed to control the motion of passive joint. The brake is locked during the second phase; then active joint is controlled to the desired position. The experimental control system based on PMAC controller is designed and developed. Finally, the joint position control of the NAO robot is achieved successfully by experiments. Echo state networks utilized incremental updates driven by new sensor readings and massive short memory with history inputs; thus varying communication rates can help imitate human upper limb motion based on wearable sensors to obtain human joint angles.

  7. Agent based Particle Swarm Optimization for Load Frequency Control of Distribution Grid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cha, Seung-Tae; Saleem, Arshad; Wu, Qiuwei;

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) based on multi-agent controller. Real-time digital simulator (RTDS) is used for modelling the power system, while a PSO based multi-agent LFC algorithm is developed in JAVA for communicating with resource agents and determines the scenario...... to stabilize the frequency and voltage after the system enters into the islanding operation mode. The proposed algorithm is based on the formulation of an optimization problem using agent based PSO. The modified IEEE 9-bus system is employed to illustrate the performance of the proposed controller via RTDS...

  8. Multiple high voltage power supply controls solution using compact, distributed Ethernet based PC boards and Linux/Windows based GUIS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Compact Ethernet based High voltage PC boards have been developed, tested and produced to use as an integrated HV power supply unit to generate and control voltages varying from 0 to 2000 V dc from any OS independent PC platform. The Neutron gamma array (NAND) project at IUAC will need distributed control of at least 120 such units over a private Local Area Network to bias detectors. These Power supplies are being made as five independent boxes, each box consisting of 24 such HV PC boards and they will be interconnected using network switches. Presently, a compact two layer board with the PICO make DC-DC HV converter mounted on PCB, put together in a group of 24 of them, have been built and fully tested. The advantage of such a system is that, it is easily expandable to a large number of power supplies with low cost, globally accessible, multiple users in a network can set or read any power supply value through an OS independent PC. Control GUI applications are developed using C, IUAC PCLI, Qt C++ etc. and have been successfully tested. (author)

  9. Multiagent-based Distributed Control for Operation Cost Minimization of Droop Controlled DC Microgrid Using Incremental Cost Consensus

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Chendan; Quintero, Juan Carlos Vasquez; Guerrero, Josep M.

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, a multiagent based distributedcontrol is proposed for DC microgrid to minimize the operationcost. The power of each distributed generator (DG) is dispatchedin a distributed manner in a multiagent system by means ofvoltage scheduling. Every DG unit is taken as an agent, and theyshare the load corresponding to the operation cost of all the unitsin the system with only communication with direct neighborsthrough incremental cost consensus. The power regulationaccording to the power...

  10. Improving Frequency Stability Based on Distributed Control of Multiple Load Aggregators

    OpenAIRE

    Hu, Jianqiang; Cao, Jinde; Guerrero, Josep M.; Yong, Taiyou; Yu, Jie

    2016-01-01

    In the power demand side, responsive loads can provide fast regulation and ancillary services as reserve capacities in interconnected power systems. This paper presents a distributed pinning demand side control (DSC) strategy for coordinating multiple load aggregators, i.e., aggregated responsive loads, to provide frequency regulation services. Specifically, a leader-following communication protocol is considered for the load aggregators in which there is a centralized pinner (leader) and mul...

  11. Central Control Over Distributed Routing

    OpenAIRE

    Vissicchio, Stefano; Tilmans, Olivier; Vanbever, Laurent; Rexford, Jennifer; ACM SIGCOMM

    2015-01-01

    Centralizing routing decisions offers tremendous flexibility, but sacrifices the robustness of distributed protocols. In this paper, we present Fibbing, an architecture that achieves both flexibility and robustness through central control over distributed routing. Fibbing introduces fake nodes and links into an underlying link-state routing protocol, so that routers compute their own forwarding tables based on the augmented topology. Fibbing is expressive, and readily supports flexible load b...

  12. Nonlinear Lyapunov-based boundary control of distributed heat transfer mechanisms in membrane distillation plant

    KAUST Repository

    Eleiwi, Fadi

    2015-07-01

    This paper presents a nonlinear Lyapunov-based boundary control for the temperature difference of a membrane distillation boundary layers. The heat transfer mechanisms inside the process are modeled with a 2D advection-diffusion equation. The model is semi-descretized in space, and a nonlinear state-space representation is provided. The control is designed to force the temperature difference along the membrane sides to track a desired reference asymptotically, and hence a desired flux would be generated. Certain constraints are put on the control law inputs to be within an economic range of energy supplies. The effect of the controller gain is discussed. Simulations with real process parameters for the model, and the controller are provided. © 2015 American Automatic Control Council.

  13. Optimal Enactment of a Stand-alone Hybrid Wind-Fuel Cell based Distributed Generation System through Fuzzy Logic Control

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Saad Alam

    2014-01-01

    In this work, a hybrid distributed power generation (DG) system composed of two renewable energy sources, viz. a wind turbine and a fuel cell is proposed. A fuzzy logic controller has been introduced for optimal power management to provide electric supply to a residential load on a continuous basis based on the feasibility of economic power generation. This controller directs power to a fixed voltage bus in the power conditioning unit (PCU). The fixed voltage bus supplies the load, while the ...

  14. A discussion of tools and techniques for distributed processor based control systems using CAMAC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes and analyzes various distributed processor architectures using commercially available CAMAC components. The general orientation is toward distributed control systems using Digital Equipment Corporation LSI11 processors in a CAMAC environment. The paper describes in detail software tools available to simplify the development of applications software and to provide a high-level runtime environment both at the host and the remote processors. Discussion focuses on techniques for downloading of operating systems from a large host and applications tasks written in high-level languages. It also discusses software tools which enable tasks in the remote processors to exchange messages and data with tasks in the host in a simple and elegant way

  15. Distributed pheromone-based swarming control of unmanned air and ground vehicles for RSTA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sauter, John A.; Mathews, Robert S.; Yinger, Andrew; Robinson, Joshua S.; Moody, John; Riddle, Stephanie

    2008-04-01

    The use of unmanned vehicles in Reconnaissance, Surveillance, and Target Acquisition (RSTA) applications has received considerable attention recently. Cooperating land and air vehicles can support multiple sensor modalities providing pervasive and ubiquitous broad area sensor coverage. However coordination of multiple air and land vehicles serving different mission objectives in a dynamic and complex environment is a challenging problem. Swarm intelligence algorithms, inspired by the mechanisms used in natural systems to coordinate the activities of many entities provide a promising alternative to traditional command and control approaches. This paper describes recent advances in a fully distributed digital pheromone algorithm that has demonstrated its effectiveness in managing the complexity of swarming unmanned systems. The results of a recent demonstration at NASA's Wallops Island of multiple Aerosonde Unmanned Air Vehicles (UAVs) and Pioneer Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGVs) cooperating in a coordinated RSTA application are discussed. The vehicles were autonomously controlled by the onboard digital pheromone responding to the needs of the automatic target recognition algorithms. UAVs and UGVs controlled by the same pheromone algorithm self-organized to perform total area surveillance, automatic target detection, sensor cueing, and automatic target recognition with no central processing or control and minimal operator input. Complete autonomy adds several safety and fault tolerance requirements which were integrated into the basic pheromone framework. The adaptive algorithms demonstrated the ability to handle some unplanned hardware failures during the demonstration without any human intervention. The paper describes lessons learned and the next steps for this promising technology.

  16. Implementation of RS-485 Communication between PLC and PC of Distributed Control System Based on VB

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lian Zhang, Chuan; Da Huang, Zhi; Qing Zhou, Gui; Chong, Kil To

    2015-05-01

    This paper focuses on achieving RS-485 communication between programmable logical controller (PLC) and PC based on visual basic 6.0 (VB6.0) on an experimental automatic production line. Mitsubishi FX2N PLCs and a PC are chosen as slave stations and main station, respectively. Monitoring software is developed using VB6.0 for data input/output, flow control and online parameters setting. As a result, all functions are fulfilled with robust performance. It is concluded from results that one PC can monitor several PLCs using RS-485 communication.

  17. Control of a Flexible Space Antenna: A Finite Dimensional Perspective Based on Distributed Parameter Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mingori, D. L.; Gibson, J. S.; Blelloch, P.; Adamian, A.

    1985-01-01

    The methods presented are based on results from infinite dimensional control theory, but they can be described and used in a finite dimensional context. This blend leads to an approach which employs powerful ideas on convergence, and is also quite practical for systems of realistic complexity. Appropriate reduced order models are generated simultaneously with the development of the compensator. The required models change as a function of changes in the performance demanded, sensor and actuator location, inherent damping, disturbances, etc. Thus they are driven by the control and estimation problems at hand. The compensators which emerge are very close to the ideal compensators which would be obtained with a very large order model. However, some simplification is frequently possible. The method of balanced realizations was found to be effective for this purpose.

  18. Coordination control of distributed systems

    CERN Document Server

    Villa, Tiziano

    2015-01-01

    This book describes how control of distributed systems can be advanced by an integration of control, communication, and computation. The global control objectives are met by judicious combinations of local and nonlocal observations taking advantage of various forms of communication exchanges between distributed controllers. Control architectures are considered according to  increasing degrees of cooperation of local controllers:  fully distributed or decentralized controlcontrol with communication between controllers,  coordination control, and multilevel control.  The book covers also topics bridging computer science, communication, and control, like communication for control of networks, average consensus for distributed systems, and modeling and verification of discrete and of hybrid systems. Examples and case studies are introduced in the first part of the text and developed throughout the book. They include: control of underwater vehicles, automated-guided vehicles on a container terminal, contro...

  19. COMDES-II: A Component-Based Framework for Generative Development of Distributed Real-Time Control Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ke, Xu; Sierszecki, Krzysztof; Angelov, Christo K.

    2007-01-01

    The paper presents a generative development methodology and component models of COMDES-II, a component-based software framework for distributed embedded control systems with real-time constraints. The adopted methodology allows for rapid modeling and validation of control software at a higher lev...... generative methodology for COMDES-II from a general perspective, describes the component models in details and demonstrates their application through a DC-Motor control system case study.......The paper presents a generative development methodology and component models of COMDES-II, a component-based software framework for distributed embedded control systems with real-time constraints. The adopted methodology allows for rapid modeling and validation of control software at a higher level...... of abstraction, from which a system implementation in C can be automatically synthesized. To achieve this objective, COMDES-II defines formally various kinds of components to address the critical requirements of the targeted domain, taking into consideration both the architectural and behavioral...

  20. Optimal Enactment of a Stand-alone Hybrid Wind-Fuel Cell based Distributed Generation System through Fuzzy Logic Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Saad Alam

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this work, a hybrid distributed power generation (DG system composed of two renewable energy sources, viz. a wind turbine and a fuel cell is proposed. A fuzzy logic controller has been introduced for optimal power management to provide electric supply to a residential load on a continuous basis based on the feasibility of economic power generation. This controller directs power to a fixed voltage bus in the power conditioning unit (PCU. The fixed voltage bus supplies the load, while the excess power is directed to the energy storage bank first and then to an electrolyzer, which is used to generate hydrogen for the fuel cell. Complete system modeling and simulation has been carried out through HOMER software, and hybrid controller has been simulated in Simulink/MATLAB environment. The simulation results proved the effectiveness of the hybrid fuzzy logic controller for real-time applications of intelligent methods in sustainable power and energy systems.

  1. Numerical simulation of MEMS-based blade load distribution control in centrifugal compressor surge suppression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beneda, Károly

    2012-11-01

    The utilization of turbomachines requires up-to-date technologies to ensure safe operation throughout the widest possible range that makes novel ideas necessary to cope with classic problems. One of the most dangerous instability in compression systems is surge that has to be suppressed before its onset to avoid structural damages as well as other adverse consequences in the system. As surge occurs at low delivered mass flow rates the conventional widely spread surge control is based on bypassing the unnecessary airflow back to the atmosphere. This method has been implemented on a large number of aircraft and provides a robust control on suppressing compressor surge while creating a significant efficiency loss. This paper deals with an idea that has been originally designed as a fixed geometry that could be realized using up-to-date MEMS technology resulting in moderate losses but comparable stability enhancement. Previously the author has established the one-dimensional mathematical model of the concept, but it is indispensable - before the real instrument can be developed - to carry out detailed numerical simulation of the device. The aim of the paper is to acquaint the efforts of this CFD simulation.

  2. Smart microgrid hierarchical frequency control ancillary service provision based on virtual inertia concept: An integrated demand response and droop controlled distributed generation framework

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Detailed formulation of the microgrid static and dynamic securities based on droop control and virtual inertia concepts. • Constructing a novel objective function using frequency excursion and rate of change of frequency profiles. • Ensuring the microgrid security subject to the microgrid economic and environmental policies. • Coordinated management of demand response and droop controlled distributed generation resources. • Precise scheduling of day-ahead hierarchical frequency control ancillary services using a scenario based stochastic programming. - Abstract: Low inertia stack, high penetration levels of renewable energy source and great ratio of power deviations in a small power delivery system put microgrid frequency at risk of instability. On the basis of the close coupling between the microgrid frequency and system security requirements, procurement of adequate ancillary services from cost-effective and environmental friendly resources is a great challenge requests an efficient energy management system. Motivated by this need, this paper presents a novel energy management system that is aimed to coordinately manage the demand response and distributed generation resources. The proposed approach is carried out by constructing a hierarchical frequency control structure in which the frequency dependent control functions of the microgrid components are modeled comprehensively. On the basis of the derived modeling, both the static and dynamic frequency securities of an islanded microgrid are provided in primary and secondary control levels. Besides, to cope with the low inertia stack of islanded microgrids, novel virtual inertia concept is devised based on the precise modeling of droop controlled distributed generation resources. The proposed approach is applied to typical test microgrid. Energy and hierarchical reserve resource are scheduled precisely using a scenario-based stochastic programming methodology. Moreover, analyzing the

  3. A Distributed Control Framework for Integrated Photovoltaic-Battery Based Islanded Microgrids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Golsorkhi, Mohammad; Shafiee, Qobad; Lu, Dylan;

    2016-01-01

    This paper proposes a new cooperative control framework for coordination of energy storage units (ESUs), photovoltaic (PV) panels and controllable load units in singlephase low voltage microgrids (MGs). The control objectives are defined and acted upon using a two level structure; primary and sec...

  4. Decentralized Distribution Update Algorithm Based on Compressibility-controlled Wireless Sensor Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hehua Li

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Sensor network adopts the lossy compression techniques to collect long-term data, analyze the data tendency and the interested specific data model. In these applications, the sensor is established to collect large numbers of continuous data, and allow the access to the lossy and untimely data. In addition, the neighbor sensor data is correlated both in time and in space. Therefore, the data sensed by the sensor itself in the intermediate node and the data will be lossy compressed for prolonging the system operation lifetime. To study the optimal distributed problem of the bite-rate and the lossy degree. When the optimal distribution problem between the bit-rate and the lossy degree is discussed, how to make the optimal decision distributes the compressibility of all sensors in the satisfaction of the acceptable data distorted condition. For adopting the minimum transmittal bit-rate to collect the top-quality data. The optimal solution is introduced for the distribution problem, and the decentralized distribution algorithm is introduced in terms of the optimal solution. Compared with the average distribution strategy, the simulation result shows that the optimal solution and the decentralized actually can reduce large numbers of the network transmittal data volume

  5. ESPRESSO instrument control electronics: a PLC based distributed layout for a second generation instrument at ESO VLT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldini, V.; Cirami, R.; Coretti, I.; Cristiani, S.; Di Marcantonio, P.; Mannetta, M.; Santin, P.; Mégevand, D.; Zerbi, F.

    2014-07-01

    ESPRESSO is an ultra-stable fiber-fed spectrograph designed to combine incoherently the light coming from up to 4 Unit Telescopes of the ESO VLT. From the Nasmyth focus of each telescope the light, through an optical path, is fed by the Coudé Train subsystems to the Front End Unit placed in the Combined Coudé Laboratory. The Front End is composed by one arm for each telescope and its task is to convey the incoming light, after a calibration process, into the spectrograph fibers. To perform these operations a large number of functions are foreseen, like motorized stages, lamps, digital and analog sensors that, coupled with dedicated Technical CCDs (two per arms), allow to stabilize the incoming beam up to the level needed to exploit the ESPRESSO scientific requirements. The Instrument Control Electronics goal is to properly control all the functions in the Combined Coudé Laboratory and the spectrograph itself. It is fully based on a distributed PLC architecture, abandoning in this way the VME-based technology previously adopted for the ESO VLT instruments. In this paper we will describe the ESPRESSO Instrument Control Electronics architecture, focusing on the distributed layout and its interfaces with the other ESPRESSO subsystems.

  6. Applicability of Agent-Based Technology for Acquisition, Monitoring and Process Control Systems at Real Time for Distributed Architectures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Modern industrial plants are characterized by their large size and higher complexity of the processes involved in their operations.The real time monitoring systems of theses plants must be used a distributed architecture.Due to the pressure of competitive markets, an efficient adaptability to changes must be present in the plants.Modifications in the plants due to changes in the lay-out, the introduction of newer supervision, control and monitoring technologies must not affect the integrity of the systems.The aim of this work is give an introduction to the agent-based technology and analyze it advantage for the development of a modern monitoring system

  7. Immunology-directed methods for distributed robotics: a novel immunity-based architecture for robust control and coordination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Surya P. N.; Thayer, Scott M.

    2002-02-01

    This paper presents a novel algorithmic architecture for the coordination and control of large scale distributed robot teams derived from the constructs found within the human immune system. Using this as a guide, the Immunology-derived Distributed Autonomous Robotics Architecture (IDARA) distributes tasks so that broad, all-purpose actions are refined and followed by specific and mediated responses based on each unit's utility and capability to timely address the system's perceived need(s). This method improves on initial developments in this area by including often overlooked interactions of the innate immune system resulting in a stronger first-order, general response mechanism. This allows for rapid reactions in dynamic environments, especially those lacking significant a priori information. As characterized via computer simulation of a of a self-healing mobile minefield having up to 7,500 mines and 2,750 robots, IDARA provides an efficient, communications light, and scalable architecture that yields significant operation and performance improvements for large-scale multi-robot coordination and control.

  8. A Clustering and SVM Regression Learning-Based Spatiotemporal Fuzzy Logic Controller with Interpretable Structure for Spatially Distributed Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xian-xia Zhang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Many industrial processes and physical systems are spatially distributed systems. Recently, a novel 3-D FLC was developed for such systems. The previous study on the 3-D FLC was concentrated on an expert knowledge-based approach. However, in most of situations, we may lack the expert knowledge, while input-output data sets hidden with effective control laws are usually available. Under such circumstance, a data-driven approach could be a very effective way to design the 3-D FLC. In this study, we aim at developing a new 3-D FLC design methodology based on clustering and support vector machine (SVM regression. The design consists of three parts: initial rule generation, rule-base simplification, and parameter learning. Firstly, the initial rules are extracted by a nearest neighborhood clustering algorithm with Frobenius norm as a distance. Secondly, the initial rule-base is simplified by merging similar 3-D fuzzy sets and similar 3-D fuzzy rules based on similarity measure technique. Thirdly, the consequent parameters are learned by a linear SVM regression algorithm. Additionally, the universal approximation capability of the proposed 3-D fuzzy system is discussed. Finally, the control of a catalytic packed-bed reactor is taken as an application to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed 3-D FLC design.

  9. Multi-purpose droop controllers incorporating a passivity-based stabilizer for unified control of electronically interfaced distributed generators including primary source dynamics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azimi, Seyed Mohammad; Afsharnia, Saeed

    2016-07-01

    This paper presents multi-purpose droop controllers for electronically-interfaced distributed generators (EI-DGs). These controllers allow the micro-grids to operate in grid-connected mode, islanded mode and mode transition transients with a unique control configuration. The active and reactive-power sharing among EI-DGs are satisfied by the proposed droop controllers in islanded mode. On the other hand, in the grid-connected mode, the droop controllers adjust the output active and reactive-powers of EI-DGs at the pre-programmed constant levels. The provision of sufficient damping capability and maintenance of the transient stability in all operational modes of EI-DGs are warranted by the suggested stabilizer. This stabilizer, which is designed using the passivity-based control (PBC) approach, is incorporated in the droop controllers to dampen power-angle, frequency and voltage deviations during large transients using solely local information. The primary source dynamics of EI-DGs are also considered. It is analytically proven that the presence of the primary source dynamics leads to attenuation of the damping capability of EI-DGs in transients. To compensate the adverse effect of the primary source dynamics during transients a novel compensator is inserted in the frequency-droop loop. Finally, time-domain simulations are performed on a multi-resources MG to verify the analytical results compared to those obtained, based on a recently-developed strategy. PMID:27085670

  10. Convergence Analysis of Distributed Control for Operation Cost Minimization of Droop Controlled DC Microgrid Based on Multiagent

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Chendan; Quintero, Juan Carlos Vasquez; Guerrero, Josep M.

    2016-01-01

    collective decision for the whole system is made by proposed incremental cost consensus, and only nearest-neighbor communication is needed. The convergence characteristics of the consensus algorithm are analyzed considering different communication topologies and control parameters. Case studies verified the...... proposed method by comparing it without traditional methods. The robustness of system is tested under different communication latency and plug and play operation....

  11. Distributed Control of Inverter-Based Lossy Microgrids for Power Sharing and Frequency Regulation Under Voltage Constraints

    OpenAIRE

    Chang, Chin-Yao; Zhang, Wei

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a new distributed control framework to coordinate inverter-interfaced distributed energy resources (DERs) in island microgrids. We show that under bounded load uncertainties, the proposed control method can steer the microgrid to a desired steady state with synchronized inverter frequency across the network and proportional sharing of both active and reactive powers among the inverters. We also show that such convergence can be achieved while respecting constraints on volt...

  12. Distributed Decision Making and Control

    CERN Document Server

    Rantzer, Anders

    2012-01-01

    Distributed Decision Making and Control is a mathematical treatment of relevant problems in distributed control, decision and multiagent systems, The research reported was prompted by the recent rapid development in large-scale networked and embedded systems and communications. One of the main reasons for the growing complexity in such systems is the dynamics introduced by computation and communication delays. Reliability, predictability, and efficient utilization of processing power and network resources are central issues and the new theory and design methods presented here are needed to analyze and optimize the complex interactions that arise between controllers, plants and networks. The text also helps to meet requirements arising from industrial practice for a more systematic approach to the design of distributed control structures and corresponding information interfaces Theory for coordination of many different control units is closely related to economics and game theory network uses being dictated by...

  13. A Distributed Control Strategy for Coordination of an Autonomous LVDC Microgrid Based on Power-Line Signalling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dragicevic, Tomislav; Guerrero, Josep M.; Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    2014-01-01

    number of sources using power-line signaling (PLS), a distributed control strategy in which the units inject sinusoidal signals of specific frequency into the common bus in order to communicate with each other. The control structure that allows the application of this method is revealed and the optimal...

  14. Control and Operation of Islanded Distribution System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mahat, Pukar

    operational challenges. But, on the other hand, it has also opened up some opportunities. One opportunity/challenge is an islanded operation of a distribution system with DG unit(s). Islanding is a situation in which a distribution system becomes electrically isolated from the remainder of the power system...... grid and if they are operated with isochronous control and voltage control when the distribution system is islanded. It is proposed that the DG units are controlled differently when the distribution system changes state from grid connected condition to islanded condition. However, isochronous...... is based on frequency deviation and real power shift. When a distribution system, with all its generators operating at maximum power, is islanded, the frequency will go down if the total load is more than the total generation. An under-frequency load shedding procedure for islanded distribution...

  15. Distributed Transmit Beamforming using Feedback Control

    OpenAIRE

    Mudumbai, R; Hespanha, J.; Madhow, U.; Barriac, G.

    2006-01-01

    A simple feedback control algorithm is presented for distributed beamforming in a wireless network. A network of wireless sensors that seek to cooperatively transmit a common message signal to a Base Station (BS) is considered. In this case, it is well-known that substantial energy efficiencies are possible by using distributed beamforming. The feedback algorithm is shown to achieve the carrier phase coherence required for beamforming in a scalable and distributed manner. In the proposed algo...

  16. Integrated Transmission and Distribution Control

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kalsi, Karanjit; Fuller, Jason C.; Tuffner, Francis K.; Lian, Jianming; Zhang, Wei; Marinovici, Laurentiu D.; Fisher, Andrew R.; Chassin, Forrest S.; Hauer, Matthew L.

    2013-01-16

    Distributed, generation, demand response, distributed storage, smart appliances, electric vehicles and renewable energy resources are expected to play a key part in the transformation of the American power system. Control, coordination and compensation of these smart grid assets are inherently interlinked. Advanced control strategies to warrant large-scale penetration of distributed smart grid assets do not currently exist. While many of the smart grid technologies proposed involve assets being deployed at the distribution level, most of the significant benefits accrue at the transmission level. The development of advanced smart grid simulation tools, such as GridLAB-D, has led to a dramatic improvement in the models of smart grid assets available for design and evaluation of smart grid technology. However, one of the main challenges to quantifying the benefits of smart grid assets at the transmission level is the lack of tools and framework for integrating transmission and distribution technologies into a single simulation environment. Furthermore, given the size and complexity of the distribution system, it is crucial to be able to represent the behavior of distributed smart grid assets using reduced-order controllable models and to analyze their impacts on the bulk power system in terms of stability and reliability. The objectives of the project were to: • Develop a simulation environment for integrating transmission and distribution control, • Construct reduced-order controllable models for smart grid assets at the distribution level, • Design and validate closed-loop control strategies for distributed smart grid assets, and • Demonstrate impact of integrating thousands of smart grid assets under closed-loop control demand response strategies on the transmission system. More specifically, GridLAB-D, a distribution system tool, and PowerWorld, a transmission planning tool, are integrated into a single simulation environment. The integrated environment

  17. 多域环境下的分布式RBAC模型%A distributed role-based access control model for multi-domain environments

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪帆; 朱贤; 邢光林

    2006-01-01

    Access control in multi-domain environments is an important question in building coalition between domains. Based on the RBAC access control model and the concepts of secure domain,the role delegation and role mapping are proposed, which support the third-party authorization. A distributed RBAC model is then presented. Finally implementation issues are discussed.

  18. Distributed control system for LEHIPA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Accelerator Driven System (ADS) has spurred tremendous interest in developing high intensity proton accelerator and set challenging demands in terms of developing high current and high intensity proton accelerator. LEHIPA is the the first stage in the development of ADS purpose and portable (MS/ Windows and LINUX) Operator Interface for Low Energy High Intensity Proton Accelerator (LEHIPA) is designed and developed. This operator interface is already deployed in the field for control of Low Energy Beam Tube section of the LEHIPA. This paper discusses the salient points and features of the operator interface for LEHIPA. LEHIPA will have several subsystems. All subsystems will have their respective control and instrumentation system with required protection. All subsystems will be connected to a centralized control system. To meet the the requirement of phased development and various sub system integration the control system is a distributed system. The paper will describe the distributed control systems features and selected architecture for LEHIPA. (author)

  19. Performance TTradeoffs in Distributed Control Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borowski, Holly

    Large scale systems consisting of many interacting subsystems are often controlled in a distributed fashion due to inherent limitations in computation, communication, or sensing. Here, individual agents must make decisions based on local, often incomplete information. This dissertation focuses on understanding performance tradeoffs in distributed control systems, specifically focusing on using a game theoretic framework to assign agent control laws. Performance of a distributed control law is determined by (1) the degree with which it meets a stated objective, (2) the amount of time it takes to converge, (3) agents' informational requirements, and (4) vulnerability to adversarial manipulation. The three main research questions addressed in this work are: • When is fast convergence to near-optimal behavior possible in a distributed system? We design a distributed control law which converges to a near-optimal configuration in a time that is near-linear in the number of agents. This worst case convergence time is an improvement over existing algorithms whose worst-case convergence times are exponential in the number of agents. • Can agents in a distributed system learn near-optimal correlated behavior despite severely limited information about one another's behavior? We design a distributed control law that imposes limited informational requirements for individual agents and converges to near-optimal correlated behavior. • How does the structure of agent interaction impact a distributed control system's vulnerability to adversarial manipulation? We derive a graph theoretical condition that ensures resilience to adversarial manipulation, and we examine the conditions under which an adversary can manipulate collective behavior in a distributed control system, simply by influencing small subsets of agents.

  20. Distributed expert systems for nuclear reactor control

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A network of distributed expert systems is the heart of a prototype supervisory control architecture developed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for an advanced multimodular reactor. Eight expert systems encode knowledge on signal acquisition, diagnostics, safeguards, and control strategies in a hybrid rule-based, multiprocessing and object-oriented distributed computing environment. An interactive simulation of a power block consisting of three reactors and one turbine provides a realistic, testbed for performance analysis of the integrated control system in real-time. Implementation details and representative reactor transients are discussed

  1. Rice Crop Field Monitoring System with Radio Controlled Helicopter Based Near Infrared Cameras Through Nitrogen Content Estimation and Its Distribution Monitoring

    OpenAIRE

    Kohei Arai; Yuko Miura; Osamu Shigetomi; Hideaki Munemoto

    2013-01-01

    Rice crop field monitoring system with radio controlled helicopter based near infrared cameras is proposed together with nitrogen content estimation method for monitoring its distribution in the field in concern. Through experiments at the Saga Prefectural Agricultural Research Institute: SPARI, it is found that the proposed system works well for monitoring nitrogen content in the rice crop which indicates quality of the rice crop and its distribution in the field in concern. Therefore, it be...

  2. Distributed parameter modeling and simulation for the evaporation system of a controlled circulation boiler based on 3-D combustion monitoring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, a dynamic, distributed parameter model for the evaporation system of a controlled circulation boiler was developed. As an essential basis, the 3-D temperature distribution and the average emissivity of the particle phase inside its furnace can be got by a flame image processing technique from multiple, visible flame image detectors in a real-time combustion monitoring system. Then the transient, 2-D radiation flux can be obtained by solving a set of energy balance equations for the water wall elements, which serves as a distributed boundary condition for the dynamic, distributed parameter model proposed for the evaporation system. For large change of the boiler load, two important parameters, the correction factor of equivalent flame emissivity and the coefficient of the steam mass flow rate at the outlet of the drum, were determined using the operation data from a 300 MW boiler. The model was validated by comparing the simulation results for some main steam parameters of the system with those from measurements. Besides that, the transient distributions of the parameters, such as the steam quality and the mass velocity, were predicted by the model. This model can be used for on-line calculation or off-line prediction of the local abnormal phenomena occurring on the water walls, forming an important basis to effectively evaluate the security and the reliability of a power plant boiler

  3. Distributed control network for optogenetic experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasprowicz, G.; Juszczyk, B.; Mankiewicz, L.

    2014-11-01

    Nowadays optogenetic experiments are constructed to examine social behavioural relations in groups of animals. A novel concept of implantable device with distributed control network and advanced positioning capabilities is proposed. It is based on wireless energy transfer technology, micro-power radio interface and advanced signal processing.

  4. Implementing Distributed Controllers for Systems with Priorities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imene Ben-Hafaiedh

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Implementing a component-based system in a distributed way so that it ensures some global constraints is a challenging problem. We consider here abstract specifications consisting of a composition of components and a controller given in the form of a set of interactions and a priority order amongst them. In the context of distributed systems, such a controller must be executed in a distributed fashion while still respecting the global constraints imposed by interactions and priorities. We present in this paper an implementation of an algorithm that allows a distributed execution of systems with (binary interactions and priorities. We also present a comprehensive simulation analysis that shows how sensitive to changes our algorithm is, in particular changes related to the degree of conflict in the system.

  5. A Novel Grid Impedance Estimation Technique based on Adaptive Virtual Resistance Control Loop Applied to Distributed Generation Inverters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ghzaiel, Walid; Jebali-Ben Ghorbal, Manel; Slama-Belkhodja, Ilhem; Guerrero, Josep M.

    control and to take the decision of either keep the DG connected, or disconnect it from the utility grid. The proposed method is based on a fast and easy grid fault detection method. A virtual damping resistance is used to drive the system to the resonance in order to extract the grid impedance parameters...

  6. Distributed Air Traffic Control Simulator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Radovanović

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available During initial training air traffic control students acquire theoretical knowledge in various fields including air traffic management, aircraft performance, air traffic control equipment and systems, navigation and others. This paper proposes a simulator and explains its use and features that allows students to gain a practical insight into their coursework in order to complement their training. The goal of the simulator is to realistically implement all the key functionalities needed to cover the topics that were presented in class. The simulator offers a user friendly, distributed, and multi-role environment that can be deployed on regular PCs. Moreover, this paper discusses and resolves some of the main conceptual and implementational issues that were faced during simulator development.

  7. A distributed control system design for nuclear-based hydrogen production with copper-chlorine thermochemical cycle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear-based hydrogen generation is a promising method of large-scale hydrogen production. In a copper-chlorine (Cu-Cl) thermochemical cycle, water is decomposed into hydrogen and oxygen through intermediate copper and chlorine compounds. In this paper, the design of a Distrusted Control System (DCS) for the Cu-Cl cycle is presented. The architecture, communication network and network protocols for the DCS are proposed. A hydrogen reactor unit is used as a case study to demonstrate the detailed design. The configuration of sensors, actuators and controllers is discussed by a Piping and Instrumentation Diagram (P and ID) for the reactor unit. (author)

  8. Distributed control systems for reactors and NPPs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A comparison is made of the centralized and distributed control systems for reactors and NPPs. The methods for constructing the distributed systems based on the use of microcomputer and microprocessor techniques are considered. Advantages of the distributed systems with regard to the most important technical-and-economic indices such as, reliability functional expansion capacity technical servce, economic efficiency are proved. The transition to the distributed system reduces the total extent of its communications at the expense of the position of local computers near transducers and actuating mechanisms, which considerably improves the system reliability. The distributed control systems are characteristic of simple and effective methods of systematic diagnostics, detection and elimination of failures which also improves their reliability as compared with the centralized systems. The module consrtruction principle simplifies the hardware servicing, maintenance and preventive repair, its modification. It is concluded that the key problem of designing the distributed control systems for reactors and NPPs is the development of reliable and effective softWare on which the realization of advantages of such systems, strongly depends

  9. Distributed control systems for reactors and NPPs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kosilov, A.N.; Potanin, Yu.G.; Podenkov, K.F.

    1984-06-01

    A comparison is made of the centralized and distributed control systems for reactors and NPPs. The methods for constructing the distributed systems based on the use of microcomputer and microprocessor techniques are considered. Advantages of the distributed systems with regard to the most important technical and economic indices such as reliability, functional expansion capacity, technical service, and economic efficiency are proved. The transition to the distributed system reduces the total extent of its communications at the expense of the position of local computers near transducers and actuating mechanisms, which considerably improves the system reliability. The distributed control systems are characteristic of simple and effective methods of systematic diagnostics, detection and elimination of failures which also improves their reliability as compared with the centralized systems. The module construction principle simplifies the hardware servicing, maintenance and preventive repair, its modification. It is concluded that the key problem of designing the distributed control systems for reactors and NPPs is the development of reliable and effective software on which the realization of advantages of such systems strongly depends.

  10. Multilayer distributed control system architecture based on in-memory database for HIRFL-CSR vacuum project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper introduced a real-time vacuum monitor system based on multilayer Web architecture for HIRFL-CSR(Heavy Ion Research Facility of Lanzhou and Cooler Storage Ring) project in Lanzhou. It combined with COM/DCOM to develop the application layer, and developed the web layer with ActiveX and Ajax technology. It provided a facility and efficiency method for real-time control. The application shows that this system runs stably and accurately. (authors)

  11. Coordinated Voltage Control of Active Distribution Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xie Jiang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a centralized coordinated voltage control method for active distribution network to solve off-limit problem of voltage after incorporation of distributed generation (DG. The proposed method consists of two parts, it coordinated primal-dual interior point method-based voltage regulation schemes of DG reactive powers and capacitors with centralized on-load tap changer (OLTC controlling method which utilizes system’s maximum and minimum voltages, to improve the qualified rate of voltage and reduce the operation numbers of OLTC. The proposed coordination has considered the cost of capacitors. The method is tested using a radial edited IEEE-33 nodes distribution network which is modelled using MATLAB.

  12. Real time monitoring and supervisory control of distribution load based on generic load allocation: a smart grid solution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Our work is the small part of the smart grid system. This is regarding the check and balance of power consumption at the consumer level. It is a well known fact that the consumers are allocated a fixed load according to their requirement at the time of application for the electricity connection. When the consumer increases its load and does not inform the power company, the result is the overloading of the system. This paper presents a solution regarding distribution and load allocation to each customer. If the customer uses power greater than the load allocated, further power is not provided and consequently that appliance is not turned on unless the total load must not be decreased than the allocated load. This is achieved by designing a processor controlled system that measures the power on main line and also the power taken by each device. Now when a device is turned on, its power is measured by the controller and compares it with the main line power, and when the device consumes some power consequently main line power will also be increased thus this main line power is monitored and if it exceeds particular limit that device is turned off through its relay. (author)

  13. Distributed control in the electricity infrastructure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Different driving forces push the electricity production towards decentralization. As a result, the current electricity infrastructure is expected to evolve into a network of networks, in which all system parts communicate with each other and influence each other. Multiagent systems and electronic markets form an appropriate technology needed for control and coordination tasks in the future electricity network. We present the PowerMatcher, a market-based control concept for supply demand matching (SDM) in electricity networks. In a simulation study we show the ability of this approach to raise the simultaneousness of electricity production and consumption within (local) control clusters. This control concept can be applied in different business cases like reduction of imbalance costs in commercial portfolios or virtual power plant operation of distributed generators. Two PowerMatcher-based field test configurations are described, one currently in operation, one currently under construction

  14. Predictive access control for distributed computation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yang, Fan; Hankin, Chris; Nielson, Flemming;

    2013-01-01

    We show how to use aspect-oriented programming to separate security and trust issues from the logical design of mobile, distributed systems. The main challenge is how to enforce various types of security policies, in particular predictive access control policies — policies based on the future...... behavior of a program. A novel feature of our approach is that we can define policies concerning secondary use of data....

  15. Distributed medium access control in wireless networks

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Ping

    2013-01-01

    This brief investigates distributed medium access control (MAC) with QoS provisioning for both single- and multi-hop wireless networks including wireless local area networks (WLANs), wireless ad hoc networks, and wireless mesh networks. For WLANs, an efficient MAC scheme and a call admission control algorithm are presented to provide guaranteed QoS for voice traffic and, at the same time, increase the voice capacity significantly compared with the current WLAN standard. In addition, a novel token-based scheduling scheme is proposed to provide great flexibility and facility to the network servi

  16. Distributed traffic signal control using fuzzy logic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, Stephen

    1992-01-01

    We present a distributed approach to traffic signal control, where the signal timing parameters at a given intersection are adjusted as functions of the local traffic condition and of the signal timing parameters at adjacent intersections. Thus, the signal timing parameters evolve dynamically using only local information to improve traffic flow. This distributed approach provides for a fault-tolerant, highly responsive traffic management system. The signal timing at an intersection is defined by three parameters: cycle time, phase split, and offset. We use fuzzy decision rules to adjust these three parameters based only on local information. The amount of change in the timing parameters during each cycle is limited to a small fraction of the current parameters to ensure smooth transition. We show the effectiveness of this method through simulation of the traffic flow in a network of controlled intersections.

  17. Electric power distribution, automation, protection, and control

    CERN Document Server

    Momoh, James A

    2007-01-01

    * Each Chapter Provides an Introduction, Illustrative Examples, and a SummaryIntroduction to Distribution Automation Systems Historical Background Distribution System Topology and Structure Distribution Automation (DA) and Control Computational Techniques for Distribution Systems Complex Power Concepts Balanced Voltage to Neutral-Connected System Power Relationship for f Y-?-Connected System Per-Unit System Calculation of Power Losses Voltage Regulation Techniques Voltage-Sag Analysis and Calculation Equipment Modeling Components Modeling Distribution System Line Model Distribution Power Flo

  18. Use of Yb-based catalyst for AGET ATRP of acrylonitrile to simultaneously control molecular mass distribution and tacticity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yb-based catalyst was used for the first time for atom transfer radical polymerization using activators generated by electron transfer (AGET ATRP) of acrylonitrile (AN) with 2-bromopropionitrile (BPN) as initiator, 2, 2′-bipyridine (bipy) as ligand, and tisn(II) bis(2-ethylhexanoate) (Sn(EH)2) as reducing agent in the presence of air. With respect to AGET ATRP of AN catalyzed by CuBr2, an evident increase of polymer tacticity was observed for AGET ATRP of AN. The increase of syndiotacticity became more and more pronounced than the increase of isotacticity of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) along with YbBr3 content. The block copolymer PAN-b-PMMA with molecular weight at 60,000 and polydispersity at 1.36 was successfully prepared. - Graphical abstract: Yb-based catalyst was used for the first time for AGET ATRP of AN with BPN as the initiator, bipy as the ligand, and Sn(EH)2 as the reducing agent in the presence of air. With respect to AGET ATRP with CuBr2 as catalyst, an obvious increase of polymer tacticity was observed for AGET ATRP of AN. The increase of syndiotacticity became more and more pronounced than the increase of isotacticity of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) along with YbBr3 content. The block copolymer PAN-b-PMMA with molecular weight at 60000 and polydispersity at 1.36 was successfully prepared. Highlights: ► Yb-based catalyst was used for the first time for AGET ATRP of AN. ► The reaction simultaneously controls polydispersity and tacticity of PAN. ► Well-defined block copolymer PAN-b-PMMA was successfully prepared.

  19. Use of Yb-based catalyst for AGET ATRP of acrylonitrile to simultaneously control molecular mass distribution and tacticity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ma Jing; Chen Hou, E-mail: lduchenhou@hotmail.com; Zhang Min; Wang Chunhua; Zhang Ying; Qu Rongjun

    2012-08-01

    Yb-based catalyst was used for the first time for atom transfer radical polymerization using activators generated by electron transfer (AGET ATRP) of acrylonitrile (AN) with 2-bromopropionitrile (BPN) as initiator, 2, 2 Prime -bipyridine (bipy) as ligand, and tisn(II) bis(2-ethylhexanoate) (Sn(EH){sub 2}) as reducing agent in the presence of air. With respect to AGET ATRP of AN catalyzed by CuBr{sub 2}, an evident increase of polymer tacticity was observed for AGET ATRP of AN. The increase of syndiotacticity became more and more pronounced than the increase of isotacticity of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) along with YbBr{sub 3} content. The block copolymer PAN-b-PMMA with molecular weight at 60,000 and polydispersity at 1.36 was successfully prepared. - Graphical abstract: Yb-based catalyst was used for the first time for AGET ATRP of AN with BPN as the initiator, bipy as the ligand, and Sn(EH){sub 2} as the reducing agent in the presence of air. With respect to AGET ATRP with CuBr{sub 2} as catalyst, an obvious increase of polymer tacticity was observed for AGET ATRP of AN. The increase of syndiotacticity became more and more pronounced than the increase of isotacticity of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) along with YbBr{sub 3} content. The block copolymer PAN-b-PMMA with molecular weight at 60000 and polydispersity at 1.36 was successfully prepared. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Yb-based catalyst was used for the first time for AGET ATRP of AN. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The reaction simultaneously controls polydispersity and tacticity of PAN. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Well-defined block copolymer PAN-b-PMMA was successfully prepared.

  20. Distributed event-based systems

    CERN Document Server

    Fiege, Ludger; Pietzuch, Peter R

    2006-01-01

    This book provides an in-depth description of event-based systems, covering topics ranging from local event matching and distributed event forwarding algorithms, through a practical discussion of software engineering issues raised by the event-based style, to state-of-the-art research in event-based systems like composite event detection and security. The authors offer a comprehensive overview, and show the power of event-based architectures in modern system design, encouraging professionals to exploit this technique in next generation large-scale distributed applications like information diss

  1. Distributed, Passivity-Based, Aeroservoelastic Control (DPASC) of Structurally Efficient Aircraft in the Presence of Gusts Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Control of extremely lightweight, long endurance aircraft poses a challenging aeroservoelastic (ASE) problem due to significantly increased flexibility, and...

  2. Distributed control for COFS 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montgomery, R. C.; Sulla, Jeff; Lindner, D. K.

    1986-01-01

    An overview is given of the work being done at NASA LaRC on developing the Control of Flexible Structures (COFS) 1 Flight Experiment Baseline Control Law. This control law currently evolving to a generic control system software package designed to supply many, but not all, guest investigators. A system simulator is also described. It is currently being developed for COFS-1 and will be used to develop the Baseline Control Law and to evaluate guest investigator control schemes. It will be available for use whether or not control schemes fall into the category of the Baseline Control Law. First, the hardware configuration for control experiments is described. This is followed by a description of the simulation software. Open-loop sinusoid excitation time histories are next presented both with and without a local controller for the Linear DC Motor (LDCM) actuators currently planned for the flight. The generic control law follows and algorithm processing requirements are cited for a nominal case of interest. Finally, a closed-loop simulation study is presented, and the state of the work is summarized in the concluding remarks.

  3. Integration of the Ovation Based Distributed Turbine Control System into the Existing Process Information System and Full Scope Simulator at NPP Krsko

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Programmable Digital Electro Hydraulic System (PDEH) is Turbine Control System (TCS), built on Emerson OVATION Distributed Control System (DCS) platform and installed by the Westinghouse Electric Company at the Krsko Nuclear Power Plant as the replacement for the DEH Mod II turbine control system. Core of the PDEH system consist of three pairs of redundant controllers (ETS, OA/OPC and ATC/MSR) configured for the Turbine Generator (TG) set protection, control and monitoring functions. Existing serial data link between replaced DEH Mod II and Process Information System (PIS) was removed and replaced with redundant bi-directional Ethernet TCP/IP data link via two Data Link servers in client-server architecture configuration. All hardwired signals and some of the important calculated signals are being transferred from PDEH to PIS. Main purpose of PIS data link is trending utilization at the existing PIS workstations with pre-configured trend groups and centralized data archiving. Most of the PDEH display screens (mimics) were also replicated on the PIS platform, so that TG set monitoring and operation overview can be performed over the PIS network as well as over the Process Computer Network (PCN) with PMSNT-view utility. The simulator is implemented using a stimulated Windows based Ovation platform and a SGI IRIX based Plant Model Computer (PMC) using the L-3 MAPPS simulation software platform. Two PDEH stimulated systems are installed at the Krsko Full Scope Simulator (KFSS), one for foreground and another for background simulation. Stimulated PDEH hardware is essentially identical to that installed in the plant with the exception of hardware redundancy, isolation features and interface with physical plant I/O. The Ovation control logic sheets are executed with virtual controllers hosted on a simulator specific Virtual Controller Host (VCH) Workstation. The data interface between the simulator Ovation system and the PMC is accomplished through the Ethernet

  4. Optimal Control of Distributed Bilinear Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Banks, S. P.

    1986-01-01

    The optimal control problem for a bilinear distributed parameter system subject to a quadratic cost functional is solved. It is shown that the optimal control is given by a convergent power series in the state with tensor coefficients.

  5. Power Generation and Distribution via Distributed Coordination Control

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Byeong-Yeon; Oh, Kwang-Kyo; Ahn, Hyo-Sung

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents power coordination, power generation, and power flow control schemes for supply-demand balance in distributed grid networks. Consensus schemes using only local information are employed to generate power coordination, power generation and power flow control signals. For the supply-demand balance, it is required to determine the amount of power needed at each distributed power node. Also due to the different power generation capacities of each power node, coordination of pow...

  6. Formal Development and Verification of a Distributed Railway Control System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haxthausen, Anne Elisabeth; Peleska, Jan

    1999-01-01

    In this article we introduce the concept for a distributed railway control system and present the specification and verification of the main algorithm used for safe distributed control. Our design and verification approach is based on the RAISE method, starting with highly abstract algebraic...

  7. Formal Development and Verification of a Distributed Railway Control System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haxthausen, Anne Elisabeth; Peleska, Jan

    1998-01-01

    In this article we introduce the concept for a distributed railway control system and present the specification and verification of the main algorithm used for safe distributed control. Our design and verification approach is based on the RAISE method, starting with highly abstract algebraic...

  8. Distributed model predictive control made easy

    CERN Document Server

    Negenborn, Rudy

    2014-01-01

    The rapid evolution of computer science, communication, and information technology has enabled the application of control techniques to systems beyond the possibilities of control theory just a decade ago. Critical infrastructures such as electricity, water, traffic and intermodal transport networks are now in the scope of control engineers. The sheer size of such large-scale systems requires the adoption of advanced distributed control approaches. Distributed model predictive control (MPC) is one of the promising control methodologies for control of such systems.   This book provides a state-of-the-art overview of distributed MPC approaches, while at the same time making clear directions of research that deserve more attention. The core and rationale of 35 approaches are carefully explained. Moreover, detailed step-by-step algorithmic descriptions of each approach are provided. These features make the book a comprehensive guide both for those seeking an introduction to distributed MPC as well as for those ...

  9. Fast control strategy for stabilising fixed-speed induction-generator-based wind turbines in an islanded distributed system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wei, Mu; Chen, Zhe

    2013-01-01

    of reactive power compensation and load shedding may be determined precisely; all the operation execution points may be decided accurately to improve DGS stability. Furthermore, the implementation of the fast control strategy is also discussed. A case study is presented to demonstrate the...... effectiveness of the proposed method....

  10. NOVEL STRUCTURE FOR DISTRIBUTED NUMERICAL CONTROL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Shilong; Jian Yi; Liu Fei; Robert Young

    2003-01-01

    Because of an unexpected signal noise within the network or an unpredicted fault with personal computers (PCs), many problems emerge in the implementation of distributed numerical control (DNC) with PCs-based network. To solve the problems, an industrial solution of involving the field-bus technology in DNC communicating area is provided. A kind of advanced Field-bus, named controller area network (CAN), is originally developed to support cheap and rather simple automotive applications. However, because of its good performance and low cost, it is also being considered in automatedmanufacturing and process control environments to interconnect intelligent devices, such as modern sensors and actuators. Recently it creates a new role for CANBus in DNC that brings new thinking to DNC. CAN is used as the network platform for connecting machine tools to share information with each other reliably. Additionally, thanks to also applying of "plug-in" technology and a special interface of hardware, this solution exhibits some high compatibility with different pedigree numerical control (NC) systems, such as Fanuc, Siemens, Cincinnati and so on. In order to improve CANBus for DNC application, a communicating competition model of the basic CAN protocol, called CC model, is then highlighted. This model is able to satisfy the requirements that different machine tools share the communicating bandwidth fairly when they run concurrently. Finally the novel view of the latest advancement in CANBus-based DNC in combination with the manufacturing paradigm is also presented.

  11. Control of distributed systems : tutorial and overview

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    van Schuppen, J. H.; Boutin, O.; Kempker, P.L.; Komenda, Jan; Masopust, Tomáš; Pambakian, N.; Ran, A.C.M.

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 17, 5-6 (2011), s. 579-602. ISSN 0947-3580 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP103/11/0517; GA ČR(CZ) GPP202/11/P028 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10190503 Keywords : distributed system * coordination control * hierarchical control * distributed control * distributed control with communication Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 0.817, year: 2011 http://ejc.revuesonline.com/article.jsp?articleId=16873

  12. A Distributed Control Strategy Based on DC Bus Signaling for Modular Photovoltaic Generation Systems With Battery Energy Storage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sun, Kai; Zhang, Li; Xing, Yan;

    2011-01-01

    , grid-connected inversion, and islanding with constant voltage (CV) generation.The power balance of the system under extreme conditions such as the islanding operation with a full-charged battery is taken into account in this control strategy. The dc bus voltage level is employed as an information...... charging/discharging and local loads, which is available of either grid-connected operation or islanding operation. By using the proposed control strategy, the operations of a modular PV generation system are categorized into four modes: islanding with battery discharging, grid-connected rectification...... maximum power point tracking operation, which enables the dc bus voltage regulation capability ofmodular dc/dc converters. Seamless switching of a battery converter between charging and discharging and that of a grid-connected converter between rectification and inversion are ensured by the proposed...

  13. Automated Analysis of Scenario-based Specifications of Distributed Access Control Policies with Non-Mechanizable Activities (Extended Version)

    OpenAIRE

    Barletta, Michele; Ranise, Silvio; Viganò, Luca

    2012-01-01

    The advance of web services technologies promises to have far-reaching effects on the Internet and enterprise networks allowing for greater accessibility of data. The security challenges presented by the web services approach are formidable. In particular, access control solutions should be revised to address new challenges, such as the need of using certificates for the identification of users and their attributes, human intervention in the creation or selection of the certificates, and (cha...

  14. Hierarchical Model Predictive Control for Resource Distribution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendtsen, Jan Dimon; Trangbæk, K; Stoustrup, Jakob

    2010-01-01

    This paper deals with hierarchichal model predictive control (MPC) of distributed systems. A three level hierachical approach is proposed, consisting of a high level MPC controller, a second level of so-called aggregators, controlled by an online MPC-like algorithm, and a lower level of autonomous...

  15. Intelligent distributed control for nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In September of 1989 work began on the DOE University Program grant DE-FG07-89ER12889. The grant provides support for a three year project to develop and demonstrate Intelligent Distributed Control (IDC) for Nuclear Power Plants. The body of this First Annual Technical Progress report summarizes the first year tasks while the appendices provide detailed information presented at conference meetings. One major addendum report, authored by M.A. Schultz, describes the ultimate goals and projected structure of an automatic distributed control system for EBR-2. The remaining tasks of the project develop specific implementations of various components required to demonstrate the intelligent distributed control concept

  16. Spatial element distribution control in a fully solution-processed nanocrystals-based 8.6% Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Wan-Ching; Zhou, Huanping; Luo, Song; Song, Tze-Bin; Hsieh, Yao-Tsung; Duan, Hsin-Sheng; Ye, Shenglin; Yang, Wenbing; Hsu, Chia-Jung; Jiang, Chengyang; Bob, Brion; Yang, Yang

    2014-09-23

    A fully solution-processed high performance Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 (CZTSSe, kesterite) device has been demonstrated. It is based on the rational engineering of elemental spatial distributions in the bulk and particularly near the surface of the film from nanocrystal precursors. The nanocrystals are synthesized through a modified colloidal approach, with excellent solubility over a large compositional window, followed by a selenization process to form the absorber. The X-ray photoluminescence (XPS) depth profiling indicates an undesirable Sn-rich surface of the selenized film. An excessive Zn species was quantitatively introduced through nanocrystals precursor to correct the element distribution, and accordingly a positive correlation between the spatial composition in the bulk/surface film and the resulting device parameter is established. The enhanced device performance is associated with the reduced interfacial recombination. With a Zn content 1.6 times more than the stoichiometry; the optimized device, which is fabricated by employing a full solution process from the absorber to the transparent top electrode, demonstrates a performance of 8.6%. This composition-control approach through stoichiometric adjustments of nanocrystal precursors, and the developed correlation between the spatial composition and device performance may also benefit other multielement-based photovoltaics. PMID:25106060

  17. The frequency-independent control method for distributed generation systems

    OpenAIRE

    Naderi, Siamak; Pouresmaeil, Edris; Wenzhong Gao, David

    2012-01-01

    In this paper a novel frequency-independent control method suitable for distributed generation (DG) is presented. This strategy is derived based on the abc/αβ transformation and abc/dq transformation of the ac system variables. The active and reactive currents injected by the DG are controlled in the synchronously rotating orthogonal dq reference frame. The transformed variables are used in control of the voltage source inverter that connects DG to distribution network. Due to importance of d...

  18. Quantitative analysis of distributed control paradigms of robot swarms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ngo, Trung Dung

    2010-01-01

    Given a task of designing controller for mobile robots in swarms, one might wonder which distributed control paradigms should be selected. Until now, paradigms of robot controllers have been within either behaviour based control or neural network based control, which have been recognized as two...... mainstreams of controller design for mobile robots. However, in swarm robotics, it is not clear how to determine control paradigms. In this paper we study the two control paradigms with various experiments of swarm aggregation. First, we introduce the two control paradigms for mobile robots. Second, we...... describe the physical and simulated robots, experiment scenario, and experiment setup. Third, we present our robot controllers based on behaviour based and neural network based paradigms. Fourth, we graphically show their experiment results and quantitatively analyse the results in comparison of the two...

  19. Schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminth control in Niger: cost effectiveness of school based and community distributed mass drug administration [corrected].

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacqueline Leslie

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: In 2004 Niger established a large scale schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminths control programme targeting children aged 5-14 years and adults. In two years 4.3 million treatments were delivered in 40 districts using school based and community distribution. METHOD AND FINDINGS: Four districts were surveyed in 2006 to estimate the economic cost per district, per treatment and per schistosomiasis infection averted. The study compares the costs of treatment at start up and in a subsequent year, identifies the allocation of costs by activity, input and organisation, and assesses the cost of treatment. The cost of delivery provided by teachers is compared to cost of delivery by community distributers (CDD. The total economic cost of the programme including programmatic, national and local government costs and international support in four study districts, over two years, was US$ 456,718; an economic cost/treatment of $0.58. The full economic delivery cost of school based treatment in 2005/06 was $0.76, and for community distribution was $0.46. Including only the programme costs the figures are $0.47 and $0.41 respectively. Differences at sub-district are more marked. This is partly explained by the fact that a CDD treats 5.8 people for every one treated in school. The range in cost effectiveness for both direct and direct and indirect treatments is quantified and the need to develop and refine such estimates is emphasised. CONCLUSIONS: The relative cost effectiveness of school and community delivery differs by country according to the composition of the population treated, the numbers targeted and treated at school and in the community, the cost and frequency of training teachers and CDDs. Options analysis of technical and implementation alternatives including a financial analysis should form part of the programme design process.

  20. Overview of Distributed Control Systems Formalisms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Holecko

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses a chosen set of mainly object-oriented formal and semiformal methods, methodics, environments and tools for specification, analysis, modeling, simulation, verification, development and synthesis of distributed control systems (DCS.

  1. Control of electron heating and ion energy distributions in capacitive plasmas by voltage waveform tailoring based on a novel power supply and impedance matching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berger, Birk; Franek, James; Brandt, Steven; Liese, Martin; Barthel, Matthias; Schuengel, Edmund; Koepke, Mark; Schulze, Julian

    2015-09-01

    We present a novel RF power supply and impedance matching to drive technological plasmas with customized voltage waveforms. By adjusting the individual phases and amplitudes of multiple consecutive harmonics any voltage waveform can be realized as a customized finite Fourier series. This RF supply system is easily adaptable to any technological plasma for industrial applications and allows the commercial utilization of process optimization based on voltage waveform tailoring for the first time. Here, this system is tested on a capacitive discharge based on three consecutive harmonics of 13.56 MHz in argon. The effect of changing the shape of the driving voltage waveform on the electron heating and sheath dynamics is investigated by Phase Resolved Optical Emission Spectroscopy (PROES) for different electrode gaps, pressures, and applied voltages. At low pressure the results are correlated with ion energy distribution functions measured at both electrodes. Tuning the phases between the applied harmonics results in an electrical control of the DC self-bias and the mean ion energy. A comparison with the reference case of a dual-frequency discharge reveals that using more than two consecutive harmonics significantly enlarges the control range of the mean ion energy.

  2. Control strategies for power distribution networks with electric vehicles integration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hu, Junjie

    vehicle eet operators to eliminate the grid congestion problem. Note that the electric vehicle eet operator can manage the EVs based on the three aforementioned control strategies. To test and evaluate the proposed control strategies, multi-agent concepts is used to model the price coordinated...... hierarchical scheduling system. To implement and demonstrate the multi-agent systems, a novel simulation platform has been developed based on the integration of JACK (a Java based agent-oriented development environment) and Matlab/Simulink software....... control, market based control, and price control. The thesis investigates new approaches for distribution networks congestion management. It suggests and develops a market based control for distribution grid congestion management. The general equilibrium market mechanism is utilized in the operation...

  3. Modeling and Control for Islanding Operation of Active Distribution Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cha, Seung-Tae; Wu, Qiuwei; Saleem, Arshad;

    2011-01-01

    to stabilize the frequency. Different agents are defined to represent different resources in the distribution systems. A test platform with a real time digital simulator (RTDS), an OPen Connectivity (OPC) protocol server and the multi-agent based intelligent controller is established to test the proposed multi-agent...... based frequency controller. The modeling of different DG is discussed in details. Two distribution systems with DG are used to carry out case studies to illustrate the proposed multi-agent controller....... are able to operate in is-landing operation mode intentionally or unintentionally. In order to smooth the transition from grid connected operation to islanding operation for distribution systems with DG, a multi-agent based controller is proposed to utilize different re-sources in the distribution systems...

  4. Distributed Software Development Modelling and Control Framework

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi Feng

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available With the rapid progress of internet technology, more and more software projects adopt e-development tofacilitate the software development process in a world-wide context. However, distributed softwaredevelopment activity itself is a complex orchestration. It involves many people working together without thebarrier of time and space difference. Therefore, how to efficiently monitor and control software edevelopmentin a global perspective becomes an important issue for any internet-based softwaredevelopment project. In this paper, we present a novel approach to tackle this crucial issue by means ofcontrolling e-development process, collaborative task progress and communication quality. Meanwhile, wealso present our e-development supporting environment prototype: Caribou, to demonstrate the viability ofour approach.

  5. Applying Distributed Object Technology to Distributed Embedded Control Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Bo Nørregaard; Dalgaard, Lars

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we describe our Java RMI inspired Object Request Broker architecture MicroRMI for use with networked embedded devices. MicroRMI relieves the software developer from the tedious and error-prone job of writing communication protocols for interacting with such embedded devices. Micro...... developing control systems for distributed embedded platforms possessing severe resource restrictions....

  6. Hierarchical Control for Optimal and Distributed Operation of Microgrid Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meng, Lexuan

    a comprehensive platform for MG related study purposes. LabVIEW software is used as the programming language, UDP/IP based Ethernet communication links are built between the central controller and each setup. System performance is shown by experimental examples. Finally, to verify the effectiveness....... Based on these features, this project proposes distributed control schemes for power quality regulation in three-phase AC MGs, as well as voltage/current control in DC MGs. Moreover, in order to provide analytical method for evaluating the system stability with such kind of distributed control scheme...

  7. Distributed Adaptive Droop Control for DC Distribution Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nasirian, Vahidreza; Davoudi, Ali; Lewis, Frank;

    2014-01-01

    the local perunit current of each converter with the neighbors’ on a communication graph and, accordingly, provides an impedance correction term. This term is then used to update the droop coefficient and synchronize per-unit currents or, equivalently, provide proportional load sharing. The proposed...... controller precisely accounts for the transmission/distribution line impedances. The controller on each converter exchanges data with only its neighbor converters on a sparse communication graph spanned across the Microgrid. Global dynamic model of the Microgrid is derived, with the proposed controller...

  8. PROWAY - a standard for distributed control systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The availability of cheap and powerful microcomputer and data communications equipment has led to a major revision of instrumentation and control systems. Intelligent devices can now be used and distributed about the control system in a systematic and economic manner. These sub-units are linked by a communications system to provide a total system capable of meeting the required plant objectives. PROWAY, an international standard process data highway for interconnecting processing units in distributed industrial process control systems, is currently being developed. This paper describes the salient features and current status of the PROWAY effort. (auth)

  9. Plasma spraying system with distributed controlling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李春旭; 陈克选; 张成

    2003-01-01

    A distributed control system is designed for plasma spraying equipment and the configurations of system software and hardware is discussed. Through founding an expert database, the spraying process parameters are worked out and the initialization and control of spraying process are realized. The plasma spraying system with this control configuration can simplify the spraying operation, improve automation level of spray process, and approach the experience criterion as soon as possible.

  10. Distributed control and DA for Atlas

    CERN Document Server

    Scudder, D W; Thompson, M C; Wysocki, F J; Sánchez, P G; Kirbie, H C

    1999-01-01

    The control system for the Atlas pulsed power generator being built at Los Alamos National Laboratory will utilize a significant level of distributed control. Other principal design characteristics include noise immunity, modularity and use of commercial products wherever possible. The data acquisition system is tightly coordinated with the control system. Both share a common database server and a fiber-optic Ethernet communications backbone. (0 refs).

  11. Control of renewable distributed power plants

    OpenAIRE

    Bullich Massagué, Eduard

    2015-01-01

    The main objective of this master thesis is to design a power plant controller for a photo- voltaic (PV) power plant. In a first stage, the current situation of the status of the electrical grid is analysed. The electrical network structure is moving from a conventional system (with centralized power generation, unidirectional power ows, easy control) to a smart grid system consisting on distributed generation, renewable energies, smart and complex control architecture and ...

  12. Distributed, Modular, Network Enabled Architecture For Process Control Military Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Abhijit Kamble*,; Ashish Dubey

    2014-01-01

    In process control world, use of distributed modular embedded controller architecture drastically reduces the number and complexity of cabling; at the same time increases the system computing performance and response for real time application as compared to centralized control system. We propose a design based on ARM Cortex M4 hardware architecture and Cortex Microcontroller Software Interface Standard (CMSIS) based software development. The ARM Cortex-M series ensures a compa...

  13. Fuzzy-Logic-Based Gain-Scheduling Control for State-of-Charge Balance of Distributed Energy Storage Systems for DC Microgrids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aldana, Nelson Leonardo Diaz; Dragicevic, Tomislav; Vasquez, Juan Carlos;

    2014-01-01

    A microgrid is an integration of distributed energy sources, loads and energy storage systems. Indeed, energy storage systems are required in order to ensure reliability and power quality because of the intermittent nature of renewable energy sources and changes of load demand. Apart from that, t...... balanced stored energy among distributed energy storage units, as well as low voltage deviation in a DC microgrid. Hardware in the loop simulations show the performance of the proposed control strategy....

  14. Distributed Monitoring System Based on ICINGA

    CERN Multimedia

    Haen, C; Neufeld, N

    2011-01-01

    The LHCb online system relies on a large and heterogeneous I.T. infrastructure : it comprises more than 2000 servers and embedded systems and more than 200 network devices. While for the control and monitoring of detectors, PLCs, and readout boards an industry standard SCADA system PVSSII has been put in production, we use a low level monitoring system to monitor the control infrastructure itself. While our previous system was based on a single central NAGIOS server, our current system uses a distributed ICINGA infrastructure.

  15. Implicit Multibody Penalty-BasedDistributed Contact.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Hongyi; Zhao, Yili; Barbic, Jernej

    2014-09-01

    The penalty method is a simple and popular approach to resolving contact in computer graphics and robotics. Penalty-based contact, however, suffers from stability problems due to the highly variable and unpredictable net stiffness, and this is particularly pronounced in simulations with time-varying distributed geometrically complex contact. We employ semi-implicit integration, exact analytical contact gradients, symbolic Gaussian elimination and a SVD solver to simulate stable penalty-based frictional contact with large, time-varying contact areas, involving many rigid objects and articulated rigid objects in complex conforming contact and self-contact. We also derive implicit proportional-derivative control forces for real-time control of articulated structures with loops. We present challenging contact scenarios such as screwing a hexbolt into a hole, bowls stacked in perfectly conforming configurations, and manipulating many objects using actively controlled articulated mechanisms in real time. PMID:26357376

  16. A New HLA-Based Distributed Control Architecture for Agricultural Teams of Robots in Hybrid Applications with Real and Simulated Devices or Environments

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez, Rafael J.; Joaquín Torres-Sospedra; Patricio Nebot

    2011-01-01

    The control architecture is one of the most important part of agricultural robotics and other robotic systems. Furthermore its importance increases when the system involves a group of heterogeneous robots that should cooperate to achieve a global goal. A new control architecture is introduced in this paper for groups of robots in charge of doing maintenance tasks in agricultural environments. Some important features such as scalability, code reuse, hardware abstraction and data distribution h...

  17. Distributed Engine Control Empirical/Analytical Verification Tools

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeCastro, Jonathan; Hettler, Eric; Yedavalli, Rama; Mitra, Sayan

    2013-01-01

    capabilities to study the effects of a given change to the control system in the context of the distributed paradigm. The simulation tool can support treatment of all components within the control system, both virtual and real; these include communication data network, smart sensor and actuator nodes, centralized control system (FADEC full authority digital engine control), and the aircraft engine itself. The DECsim tool can allow simulation-based prototyping of control laws, control architectures, and decentralization strategies before hardware is integrated into the system. With the configuration specified, the simulator allows a variety of key factors to be systematically assessed. Such factors include control system performance, reliability, weight, and bandwidth utilization.

  18. Analysis and control of distributed cooperative systems.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feddema, John Todd; Parker, Eric Paul; Wagner, John S.; Schoenwald, David Alan

    2004-09-01

    As part of DARPA Information Processing Technology Office (IPTO) Software for Distributed Robotics (SDR) Program, Sandia National Laboratories has developed analysis and control software for coordinating tens to thousands of autonomous cooperative robotic agents (primarily unmanned ground vehicles) performing military operations such as reconnaissance, surveillance and target acquisition; countermine and explosive ordnance disposal; force protection and physical security; and logistics support. Due to the nature of these applications, the control techniques must be distributed, and they must not rely on high bandwidth communication between agents. At the same time, a single soldier must easily direct these large-scale systems. Finally, the control techniques must be provably convergent so as not to cause undo harm to civilians. In this project, provably convergent, moderate communication bandwidth, distributed control algorithms have been developed that can be regulated by a single soldier. We have simulated in great detail the control of low numbers of vehicles (up to 20) navigating throughout a building, and we have simulated in lesser detail the control of larger numbers of vehicles (up to 1000) trying to locate several targets in a large outdoor facility. Finally, we have experimentally validated the resulting control algorithms on smaller numbers of autonomous vehicles.

  19. IDCDACS: IDC's Distributed Application Control System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ertl, Martin; Boresch, Alexander; Kianička, Ján; Sudakov, Alexander; Tomuta, Elena

    2015-04-01

    The Preparatory Commission for the CTBTO is an international organization based in Vienna, Austria. Its mission is to establish a global verification regime to monitor compliance with the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), which bans all nuclear explosions. For this purpose time series data from a global network of seismic, hydro-acoustic and infrasound (SHI) sensors are transmitted to the International Data Centre (IDC) in Vienna in near-real-time, where it is processed to locate events that may be nuclear explosions. We newly designed the distributed application control system that glues together the various components of the automatic waveform data processing system at the IDC (IDCDACS). Our highly-scalable solution preserves the existing architecture of the IDC processing system that proved successful over many years of operational use, but replaces proprietary components with open-source solutions and custom developed software. Existing code was refactored and extended to obtain a reusable software framework that is flexibly adaptable to different types of processing workflows. Automatic data processing is organized in series of self-contained processing steps, each series being referred to as a processing pipeline. Pipelines process data by time intervals, i.e. the time-series data received from monitoring stations is organized in segments based on the time when the data was recorded. So-called data monitor applications queue the data for processing in each pipeline based on specific conditions, e.g. data availability, elapsed time or completion states of preceding processing pipelines. IDCDACS consists of a configurable number of distributed monitoring and controlling processes, a message broker and a relational database. All processes communicate through message queues hosted on the message broker. Persistent state information is stored in the database. A configurable processing controller instantiates and monitors all data processing

  20. Energy Efficiency of Distributed Environmental Control Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khalifa, H. Ezzat; Isik, Can; Dannenhoffer, John F. III

    2011-02-23

    In this report, we present an analytical evaluation of the potential of occupant-regulated distributed environmental control systems (DECS) to enhance individual occupant thermal comfort in an office building with no increase, and possibly even a decrease in annual energy consumption. To this end we developed and applied several analytical models that allowed us to optimize comfort and energy consumption in partitioned office buildings equipped with either conventional central HVAC systems or occupant-regulated DECS. Our approach involved the following interrelated components: 1. Development of a simplified lumped-parameter thermal circuit model to compute the annual energy consumption. This was necessitated by the need to perform tens of thousands of optimization calculations involving different US climatic regions, and different occupant thermal preferences of a population of ~50 office occupants. Yearly transient simulations using TRNSYS, a time-dependent building energy modeling program, were run to determine the robustness of the simplified approach against time-dependent simulations. The simplified model predicts yearly energy consumption within approximately 0.6% of an equivalent transient simulation. Simulations of building energy usage were run for a wide variety of climatic regions and control scenarios, including traditional “one-size-fits-all” (OSFA) control; providing a uniform temperature to the entire building, and occupant-selected “have-it-your-way” (HIYW) control with a thermostat at each workstation. The thermal model shows that, un-optimized, DECS would lead to an increase in building energy consumption between 3-16% compared to the conventional approach depending on the climate regional and personal preferences of building occupants. Variations in building shape had little impact in the relative energy usage. 2. Development of a gradient-based optimization method to minimize energy consumption of DECS while keeping each occupant

  1. DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER PROTECTION USING MICRO - CONTROLLER.

    OpenAIRE

    Darshan D Chaudhary; Arun H Khatr; Jaydip M Parmar; Mitul G Patel

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the project work is to protect the distribution transformer or any other power transformer, burning due to the overload, over temperature and input high voltage. Normally most of the transformers are burning because of these three reasons; hence by incorporating this type of monitoring and control circuits, life of the transformer can be increased. In addition to the monitoring and control, information about these three parameters can be transmitted to the nearest e...

  2. Distributed Stochastic Control: A Team Theoretic Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Gattami, Ather

    2006-01-01

    We consider the problem of stochastic control under constraints on the information structure. We review some old results from static team theory, where new simple proofs are given. The signaling phenomenon in distributed optimal linear quadratic Gaussian control plays a central role because of the NP-hardness it implicates. Necessary and sufficient conditions for eliminating the signaling incentive are given in terms of the interconnection structure.

  3. Distributed digital control in nuclear power generation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Regulation using microprocessors offers new possibilities to distributed system designers. Sophisticated algorithms including process simulation enable the system to be adapted to dead time and long time constants. Redundant boards increase reliability and colour CRT screen information displays enable more fully centralised control

  4. COMPUTER BASED ENVIRONMENT CONTROLS

    OpenAIRE

    Macoveiciuc Pastorel

    2011-01-01

    The aim of these notes is to give an overview of the main activities of computer based activities controls. The basic principles of computer controls should be common to all sectors and to most types of hardware and software. The absence of a common definition of computer control may, in part, be due to the relative newness of computer controls. A key feature of many organisations today is change. Although not necessarily the driver of change, IT is invariably an intrinsec component and much ...

  5. Distributed Frequency Control in Power Grids Under Limited Communication

    OpenAIRE

    Parandehgheibi, Marzieh; Turitsyn, Konstantin; Modiano, Eytan

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we analyze the impact of communication failures on the performance of optimal distributed frequency control. We consider a consensus-based control scheme, and show that it does not converge to the optimal solution when the communication network is disconnected. We propose a new control scheme that uses the dynamics of power grid to replicate the information not received from the communication network, and prove that it achieves the optimal solution under any single communicatio...

  6. Concurrency control in distributed database systems

    CERN Document Server

    Cellary, W; Gelenbe, E

    1989-01-01

    Distributed Database Systems (DDBS) may be defined as integrated database systems composed of autonomous local databases, geographically distributed and interconnected by a computer network.The purpose of this monograph is to present DDBS concurrency control algorithms and their related performance issues. The most recent results have been taken into consideration. A detailed analysis and selection of these results has been made so as to include those which will promote applications and progress in the field. The application of the methods and algorithms presented is not limited to DDBSs but a

  7. Distributed Model Predictive Control via Dual Decomposition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Biegel, Benjamin; Stoustrup, Jakob; Andersen, Palle

    2014-01-01

    This chapter presents dual decomposition as a means to coordinate a number of subsystems coupled by state and input constraints. Each subsystem is equipped with a local model predictive controller while a centralized entity manages the subsystems via prices associated with the coupling constraints....... This allows coordination of all the subsystems without the need of sharing local dynamics, objectives and constraints. To illustrate this, an example is included where dual decomposition is used to resolve power grid congestion in a distributed manner among a number of players coupled by distribution...

  8. Optimal design of coordination control strategy for distributed generation system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Ai-hua; Norapon Kanjanapadit

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a novel design procedure for optimizing the power distribution strategy in distributed generation system. A coordinating controller, responsible to distribute the total load power request among multiple DG units, is suggested based on the conception of hierarchical control structure in the dynamic system.The optimal control problem was formulated as a nonlinear optimization problem subject to set of constraints.The resulting problem was solved using the Kutm-Tucker method. Computer simulation results demonstrate that the proposed method can provide better efficiency in terms of reducing total costs compared to existing methods.In addition, the proposed optimal load distribution strategy can be easily implemented in real-time thanks to the simplicity of closed-form solutions.

  9. The frequency-independent control method for distributed generation systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Naderi, Siamak; Pouresmaeil, Edris; Gao, Wenzhong David

    2012-01-01

    -effective and simple control strategies is obligatory. The new control method of this paper does not need a Phase Locked Loop (PLL) in control circuit and has fast dynamic response in providing active and reactive power to nonlinear load. From extensive simulation results, high performance of this control......In this paper a novel frequency-independent control method suitable for distributed generation (DG) is presented. This strategy is derived based on the . abc/. αβ transformation and . abc/. dq transformation of the ac system variables. The active and reactive currents injected by the DG are...

  10. Power distribution monitoring and control in the RBMK type reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Considered are the structures of monitoring and control systems for the RBMK-1000 reactor including three main systems with high independence: the control and safety system (CSS); the system for physical control of energy distribution (SPCED) as well as the Scala system for centralized control (SCC). Main functions and peculiarities of each system are discussed. Main attention is paid to new structural solutions and new equipment components used in these systems. Described are the RBMK operation software and routine of energy distribution control in it. It is noted that the set of reactor control and monitoring systems has a hierarchical structure, the first level of which includes analog systems (CSS and SPCED) normalizing and transmitting detector signals to the systems of the second level based on computers and realizing computer data processing, data representation to the operator, automatic (through CSS) control for energy distribution, diagnostics of equipment condition and local safety with provision for existing reserves with respect to crisis and thermal loading of fuel assemblies. The third level includes a power computer carrying out complex physical and optimization calculations and providing interconnections with the external computer of power system. A typical feature of the complex is the provision of local automatic safety of the reactor from erroneous withdrawal of any control rod. The complex is designed for complete automatization of energy distribution control in reactor in steady and transient operation conditions

  11. Energy Efficiency of Distributed Environmental Control Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khalifa, H. Ezzat; Isik, Can; Dannenhoffer, John F. III

    2011-02-23

    In this report, we present an analytical evaluation of the potential of occupant-regulated distributed environmental control systems (DECS) to enhance individual occupant thermal comfort in an office building with no increase, and possibly even a decrease in annual energy consumption. To this end we developed and applied several analytical models that allowed us to optimize comfort and energy consumption in partitioned office buildings equipped with either conventional central HVAC systems or occupant-regulated DECS. Our approach involved the following interrelated components: 1. Development of a simplified lumped-parameter thermal circuit model to compute the annual energy consumption. This was necessitated by the need to perform tens of thousands of optimization calculations involving different US climatic regions, and different occupant thermal preferences of a population of ~50 office occupants. Yearly transient simulations using TRNSYS, a time-dependent building energy modeling program, were run to determine the robustness of the simplified approach against time-dependent simulations. The simplified model predicts yearly energy consumption within approximately 0.6% of an equivalent transient simulation. Simulations of building energy usage were run for a wide variety of climatic regions and control scenarios, including traditional “one-size-fits-all” (OSFA) control; providing a uniform temperature to the entire building, and occupant-selected “have-it-your-way” (HIYW) control with a thermostat at each workstation. The thermal model shows that, un-optimized, DECS would lead to an increase in building energy consumption between 3-16% compared to the conventional approach depending on the climate regional and personal preferences of building occupants. Variations in building shape had little impact in the relative energy usage. 2. Development of a gradient-based optimization method to minimize energy consumption of DECS while keeping each occupant

  12. Ride control of surface effect ships using distributed control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asgeir J. Sørensen

    1994-04-01

    Full Text Available A ride control system for active damping of heave and pitch accelerations of Surface Effect Ships (SES is presented. It is demonstrated that distributed effects that are due to a spatially varying pressure in the air cushion result in significant vertical vibrations in low and moderate sea states. In order to achieve a high quality human comfort and crew workability it is necessary to reduce these vibrations using a control system which accounts for distributed effects due to spatial pressure variations in the air cushion. A mathematical model of the process is presented, and collocated sensor and actuator pairs are used. The process stability is ensured using a controller with appropriate passivity properties. Sensor and actuator location is also discussed. The performance of the ride control system is shown by power spectra of the vertical accelerations obtained from full scale experiments with a 35 m SES.

  13. Optimal voltage control in distribution systems with coordination of distribution installations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oshiro, Masato; Tanaka, Kenichi; Uehara, Akie; Senjyu, Tomonobu; Miyazato, Yoshitaka; Yona, Atsushi [Faculty of Engineering, University of the Ryukyus, 1 Senbaru, Nishihara-cho, Nakagami, Okinawa 903-0213 (Japan); Funabashi, Toshihisa [Meidensha Corporation, 2-1-1, Osaki, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 141-6029 (Japan)

    2010-12-15

    In recent years, distributed generations based on natural energy or co-generation systems are increasing due to global warming and reduction of fossil fuels. Many of the distributed generations are set up in the vicinity of customers, with the advantage that this decreases transmission losses and transmission capacity. However, output power generated from renewable energy such as wind power and photovoltaics, is influenced by weather conditions. Therefore if the distributed generation increases with conventional control schemes, the voltage variation in a distribution system becomes a serious problem. In this paper, an optimal control method of distribution voltage with coordination of distributed installations, such as On Load Tap Changer (OLTC), Step Voltage Regulator (SVR), Shunt Capacitor (SC), Shunt Reactor (ShR), and Static Var Compensator (SVC), is proposed. In this research, the communication infrastructure is assumed to be widespread in the distribution network. The proposed technique combines genetic algorithm (GA) and Tabu search (TS) to determine the control operation. In order to confirm the validity of the proposed method, simulation results are presented for a distribution network model with distributed (photovoltaic) generation. (author)

  14. A STUDY OF INTELLIGENT CONTROLLERS APPLICATION IN DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RAVI KUMAR GULLAPALLI

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Intelligent Control emulates the human intelligence and achieves automation in various areas of Engineering. Intelligent Controls have been used mainly in the areas of Electrical Systems; Machine Intelligence based systems like Robotics. Intelligent Control has been active in various industrial and engineering applications.There is active research in applying Intelligent Controls in distributed computing systems like web based environments. The advent of internet has changed the business models for the service providers and consumers. The Distributed Computing Systems which host various IT and business services are expected to be available with high performance and scalability to meet the desired SLAs. There is absolute necessity in predicting the future trends of the IT environments, recognize the load patterns such that the provisioning of the hardware, software resources is appropriately handled. There are research attempts to explore the applicability of intelligent control in such different areas of computing like infrastructure provisioning and Distributed Systems. In this paper we study the various Intelligent Controls and discuss the recent trends of applying intelligent controls in Distributed Systems such as Web Servers.

  15. Intelligent distributed control for nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This project was initiated in September 1989 as a three year project to develop and demonstrate Intelligent Distributed Control (IDC) for Nuclear Power Plants. The body of this Third Annual Technical Progress report summarizes the period from September 1991 to October 1992. There were two primary goals of this research project. The first goal was to combine diagnostics and control to achieve a highly automated power plant as described by M.A. Schultz. His philosophy, is to improve public perception of the safety of nuclear power plants by incorporating a high degree of automation where a greatly simplified operator control console minimizes the possibility of human error in power plant operations. To achieve this goal, a hierarchically distributed control system with automated responses to plant upset conditions was pursued in this research. The second goal was to apply this research to develop a prototype demonstration on an actual power plant system, the EBR-2 stem plant. Emphasized in this Third Annual Technical Progress Report is the continuing development of the in-plant intelligent control demonstration for the final project milestone and includes: simulation validation and the initial approach to experiment formulation

  16. Dynamic Dual Decomposition for Distributed Control

    OpenAIRE

    Rantzer, Anders

    2009-01-01

    We show how dynamic price mechanisms can be used for decomposition and distributed optimization of control systems. A classical method to deal with optimization constraints is Lagrange relaxation, where dual variables are introduced in the optimization objective. When variables of different subproblems are connected by such constraints, the dual variables can be interpreted as prices in a market mechanism serving to achieve mutual agreement between the subproblems. In this paper, the s...

  17. Computational Modelling of Distributed Executive Control

    OpenAIRE

    Bowman, Howard; Barnard, Philip

    2001-01-01

    In this paper we illustrate the potential of process algebra to implement modular mental architectures of wide scope in which control is distributed rather than centralised. Drawing on the Interacting Cognitive Subsystems mental architecture, we present an implemented model of the attentional blink effect which relies on process exchanges between propositional meaning and a more abstract, implicational level of meaning. The key elements that are required in order to obtain the blink are the u...

  18. Intelligent distributed control for nuclear power plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klevans, E.H.; Edwards, R.M.; Ray, A.; Lee, K.Y.; Garcia, H.E.: Chavez, C.M.; Turso, J.A.; BenAbdennour, A.

    1991-01-01

    In September of 1989 work began on the DOE University Program grant DE-FG07-89ER12889. The grant provides support for a three year project to develop and demonstrate Intelligent Distributed Control (IDC) for Nuclear Power Plants. The body of this Second Annual Technical Progress report covers the period from September 1990 to September 1991. It summarizes the second year accomplishments while the appendices provide detailed information presented at conference meetings. These are two primary goals of this research. The first is to combine diagnostics and control to achieve a highly automated power plant as described by M.A. Schultz, a project consultant during the first year of the project. This philosophy, as presented in the first annual technical progress report, is to improve public perception of the safety of nuclear power plants by incorporating a high degree automation where greatly simplified operator control console minimizes the possibility of human error in power plant operations. A hierarchically distributed control system with automated responses to plant upset conditions is the focus of our research to achieve this goal. The second goal is to apply this research to develop a prototype demonstration on an actual power plant system, the EBR-II steam plant.

  19. Intelligent distributed control for nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In September of 1989 work began on the DOE University Program grant DE-FG07-89ER12889. The grant provides support for a three year project to develop and demonstrate Intelligent Distributed Control (IDC) for Nuclear Power Plants. The body of this Second Annual Technical Progress report covers the period from September 1990 to September 1991. It summarizes the second year accomplishments while the appendices provide detailed information presented at conference meetings. These are two primary goals of this research. The first is to combine diagnostics and control to achieve a highly automated power plant as described by M.A. Schultz, a project consultant during the first year of the project. This philosophy, as presented in the first annual technical progress report, is to improve public perception of the safety of nuclear power plants by incorporating a high degree automation where greatly simplified operator control console minimizes the possibility of human error in power plant operations. A hierarchically distributed control system with automated responses to plant upset conditions is the focus of our research to achieve this goal. The second goal is to apply this research to develop a prototype demonstration on an actual power plant system, the EBR-II steam plant

  20. Alidron, A distributed control system for the Internet of Things

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2016-01-01

    Making many devices discover and interact with each other is the big challenge ahead of the IoT. Alidron project aims at finding a different approach based on features seen in industrial control systems, with a distributed twist while keeping a fuzzy limit between edge computing and cloud computing.

  1. Intelligent distributed control for nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This project was initiated in September 1989 as a three year project to develop and demonstrate Intelligent Distributed Control (IDC) for Nuclear Power Plants. There were two primary goals of this research project. The first goal was to combine diagnostics and control to achieve a highly automated power plant as described by M.A. Schultz. The second goal was to apply this research to develop a prototype demonstration on an actual power plant system, the EBR-2 steam plant. Described in this Final (Third Annual) Technical Progress Report is the accomplishment of the project's final milestone, an in-plant intelligent control experiment conducted on April 1, 1993. The development of the experiment included: simulation validation, experiment formulation and final programming, procedure development and approval, and experimental results. Other third year developments summarized in this report are: (1) a theoretical foundation for Reconfigurable Hybrid Supervisory Control, (2) a steam plant diagnostic system, (3) control console design tools and (4) other advanced and intelligent control

  2. Distributed Model Predictive Control with Suboptimality and Stability Guarantees

    OpenAIRE

    Giselsson, Pontus; Rantzer, Anders

    2010-01-01

    Theory for Distributed Model Predictive Control (DMPC) is developed based on dual decomposition of the convex optimization problem that is solved in each time sample. The process to be controlled is an interconnection of several subsystems, where each subsystem corresponds to a node in a graph. We present a stopping criterion for the DMPC scheme that can be locally verified by each node and that guarantees closed loop suboptimality above a pre-specified level and asymptotic stability of the i...

  3. SERVICE ORIENTATION IN DISTRIBUTED AUTOMATION AND CONTROL SERVICE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiana VOICAN

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available An experimental study shows the feasibility ofservice-oriented architectures for industrial automation and control systems even with respect to lower, real-time dependent control functions. For that purpose, general SOA-guidelines were refined in order to cover the distribution of control functions between services and the lay-out and management of devicebased sensor, actor and control services. Particular emphasis was placed on the dynamic lease-based binding of services which on the one hand provides flexible and loose coupling of system components but on the other hand has to ensure reliable communication and cooperation. The guidelines were applied to the experimental implementation of a manufacturing cell control system using a real-time version of the Java Runtime Environment. The Device Profile for Web Services (DPWS was used as basic infrastructure technology. Test and evaluation were performed under distributed simulation of technical processes and devices

  4. Facts controllers in power transmission and distribution

    CERN Document Server

    Padiyar, KR

    2007-01-01

    About the Book: The emerging technology of Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) enables planning and operation of power systems at minimum costs, without compromising security. This is based on modern high power electronic systems that provide fast controllability to ensure ''flexible'' operation under changing system conditions. This book presents a comprehensive treatment of the subject by discussing the operating principles, mathematical models, control design and issues that affect the applications. The concepts are explained often with illustrative examples and case studies. In partic

  5. Cardea: Dynamic Access Control in Distributed Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lepro, Rebekah

    2004-01-01

    Modern authorization systems span domains of administration, rely on many different authentication sources, and manage complex attributes as part of the authorization process. This . paper presents Cardea, a distributed system that facilitates dynamic access control, as a valuable piece of an inter-operable authorization framework. First, the authorization model employed in Cardea and its functionality goals are examined. Next, critical features of the system architecture and its handling of the authorization process are then examined. Then the S A M L and XACML standards, as incorporated into the system, are analyzed. Finally, the future directions of this project are outlined and connection points with general components of an authorization system are highlighted.

  6. Distributed computer controls for accelerator systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A distributed control system has been designed and installed at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Multi-user Tandem Facility using an extremely modular approach in hardware and software. The two tiered, geographically organized design allowed total system implementation with four months with a computer and instrumentation cost of approximately $100K. Since the system structure is modular, application to a variety of facilities is possible. Such a system allows rethinking and operational style of the facilities, making possible highly reproducible and unattended operation. The impact of industry standards, i.e., UNIX, CAMAC, and IEEE-802.3, and the use of a graphics-oriented controls software suite allowed the efficient implementation of the system. The definition, design, implementation, operation and total system performance will be discussed. 3 refs

  7. The CMS Timing Control and Distribution System

    CERN Document Server

    Hegeman, Jeroen Guido; Behrens, Ulf; Branson, James; Chaze, Olivier; Cittolin, Sergio; Darlea, Georgiana Lavinia; Deldicque, Christian; Demiragli, Zeynep; Dobson, Marc; Erhan, Samim; Fulcher, Jonathan Richard; Gigi, Dominique; Glege, Frank; Gomez Ceballos, Guillelmo; Hansen, Magnus; Holzner, Andre Georg; Jimenez Estupinan, Raul; Masetti, Lorenzo; Meijers, Franciscus; Meschi, Emilio; Mommsen, Remigius; Morovic, Srecko; O'Dell, Vivian; Orsini, Luciano; Paus, Christoph Maria Ernst; Pieri, Marco; Racz, Attila; Sakulin, Hannes; Schwick, Christoph; Simelevicius, Dainius; Troska, Jan; Vichoudis, Paschalis; Zejdl, Petr

    2015-01-01

    The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment operating at the CERN (European Laboratory for Nuclear Physics) Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is in the process of upgrading several of its detector systems. Adding more individual detector components brings the need to test and commission those components separately from existing ones so as not to compromise physics data-taking. The CMS Trigger, Timing and Control (TTC) system had reached its limits in terms of the number of separate elements (partitions) that could be supported. A new Timing and Control Distribution System (TCDS) has been designed, built and commissioned in order to overcome this limit. It also brings additional functionality to facilitate parallel commissioning of new detector elements. We describe the new TCDS system and its components and show results from the first operational experience with the TCDS system in CMS.

  8. Hybrid control of the distributed refrigeration system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chen, L.; Wisniewski, R.

    2010-01-01

    The supermarket refrigeration system typically has a distributed control structure, which neglects interactions between its subsystems. These interactions from time to time lead to a synchronization operation of the display-cases which causes an inferior control performance and increased energy...... consumption. The paper focuses on synchronization dynamics of the refrigeration system modeled as a piecewise-affine switched system. System behaviors are analyzed using chaos theory. The synchronization phenomenon is interpreted as a stable low-period orbit; if the system has a high-order periodic orbit or a...... chaotic behavior, the system is considered away from the synchronization. Therefore, the paper proposes a concept that the system may be de-synchronized by making it chaotic. A de-synchronization scheme is developed. It includes a synchronization-early-monitoring detector by calculating the maximum...

  9. The CANDU 9 distributed control system design process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Canadian designed CANDU pressurized heavy water nuclear reactors have been world leaders in electrical power generation. The CANDU 9 project is AECL's next reactor design. Plant control for the CANDU 9 station design is performed by a distributed control system (DCS) as compared to centralized control computers, analog control devices and relay logic used in previous CANDU designs. The selection of a DCS as the platform to perform the process control functions and most of the data acquisition of the plant, is consistent with the evolutionary nature of the CANDU technology. The control strategies for the DCS control programs are based on previous CANDU designs but are implemented on a new hardware platform taking advantage of advances in computer technology. This paper describes the design process for developing the CANDU 9 DCS. Various design activities, prototyping and analyses have been undertaken in order to ensure a safe, functional, and cost-effective design. (author)

  10. Simplified procedure for controlling pressure distribution of a scramjet combustor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cui Tao

    2014-01-01

    Scramjet engines are used at extreme temperatures and velocity. New control problems involving distributed parameter control have been found concerning investigations of the control of scramjet engines whose physical states are spatially interacted. Succeeding the existing theoretical studies on the distributed parameter control for scramjet engines, this paper puts forward a simplified distributed parameter control approach for scramjet engines aimed at engineering appli-cation. The simplified control procedure uses the classical proportional-integral (PI) compensation to control the target pressure distribution of scramjet engines, which is effective and applicable for practical implements. Simulation results show the validation of the simplified distributed parameter control procedure.

  11. Optimal design of distributed control and embedded systems

    CERN Document Server

    Çela, Arben; Li, Xu-Guang; Niculescu, Silviu-Iulian

    2014-01-01

    Optimal Design of Distributed Control and Embedded Systems focuses on the design of special control and scheduling algorithms based on system structural properties as well as on analysis of the influence of induced time-delay on systems performances. It treats the optimal design of distributed and embedded control systems (DCESs) with respect to communication and calculation-resource constraints, quantization aspects, and potential time-delays induced by the associated  communication and calculation model. Particular emphasis is put on optimal control signal scheduling based on the system state. In order to render  this complex optimization problem feasible in real time, a time decomposition is based on periodicity induced by the static scheduling is operated. The authors present a co-design approach which subsumes the synthesis of the optimal control laws and the generation of an optimal schedule of control signals on real-time networks as well as the execution of control tasks on a single processor. The a...

  12. TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION MONITORING AND ANALYSES AT DIFFERENT HEATING CONTROL PRINCIPLES

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simone, Angela; Rode, Carsten; Olesen, Bjarne W.

    2010-01-01

    control sensor which was already installed. The room was heated by means of electrical radiators, which should be able to control the indoor environment to guarantee the desired thermal conditions for the occupants and to supply heat according to desired load patterns. Five series of experiments were done...... comfort conditions for the building occupants. During the winter and spring of 2009 a study based on analyses of the local temperatures distribution in a room was performed. The purpose was to compare the temperature distribution in the room with the temperature measured and logged by the heating system...... when temperature control strategy THERM was used. Notable vertical temperature gradients were monitored in the occupied zone (especially for the PRBS control strategy) when there were high solar gains....

  13. Grid Monitoring and Advanced Control of Distributed Power Generation Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Timbus, Adrian Vasile

    di erent types of controllers have been studied and compared. The possibility of using the information about grid variables into the control structure in order to improve the control of DPGS has also been investigated. As a consequence, improved behavior of resonant controller has been noticed if......The movement towards a clean technology for energy production and the constraints in reducing the CO2 emissions are some factors facilitating the growth of distributed power generation systems based on renewable energy resources. Consequently, large penetration of distributed generators has been...... voltage phase angle. Has been found that identi cation of positive and negative sequence components and in addition, the capability of the algorithm to follow only the positive sequence component, plays a crucial role in providing a clean synchronization angle even during severe voltage unbalance caused...

  14. Risk-based configuration control

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The presentation discusses the following issues: The Configuration Control; The Risk-based Configuration Control (during power operation mode, and during shutdown mode). PSA requirements. Use of Risk-based Configuration Control System. Configuration Management (basic elements, benefits, information requirements)

  15. Fuzzy Approximate Model for Distributed Thermal Solar Collectors Control

    KAUST Repository

    Elmetennani, Shahrazed

    2014-07-01

    This paper deals with the problem of controlling concentrated solar collectors where the objective consists of making the outlet temperature of the collector tracking a desired reference. The performance of the novel approximate model based on fuzzy theory, which has been introduced by the authors in [1], is evaluated comparing to other methods in the literature. The proposed approximation is a low order state representation derived from the physical distributed model. It reproduces the temperature transfer dynamics through the collectors accurately and allows the simplification of the control design. Simulation results show interesting performance of the proposed controller.

  16. Design and Research of Distributed Real TimeSurveillance Control System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Distributed real time surveillance control system is used especially in distributed computer measure and control system, mostly inwidely dispersed measure points without human surveillance. This paper describes theory、construction、control strategy, stabilityanalysis of distributed real time supervisory control and data acquisition system, implements distributed measure signals collectionand design of supervisory control system. The realization of virtual instrument based on VC++ can accomplish measurementsignals acquisition, storage, display and analysis, also the result of surveillance control system is provided, and shows thefunctional powerful agility of virtual instrument based on VC++.

  17. An assignment based distributed resource manager

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poore, Aubrey B.; Danford, Scott; Hilt, Matthew J.

    2010-04-01

    The goal of this paper is to demonstrate the coordination in real-time of the operation of multiple sensors in such a way that those best-equipped for certain missions should perform those missions for the entire network, while other sensors fill in the gaps with their capabilities. The networked system of sensors must search, detect, track, classify, and engage targets of high value in a timely fashion. The information transmitted should be that which contributes the most toward achieving the performance goals (e.g., track accuracy, track completeness, and a consistent operational picture or single integrated air picture (SIAP)) subject to the network bandwidth constraints and the capabilities of the sensors. We present an overview of an assignment based sensor resource manager, a distributed algorithm for coordinating the assignment problem, and simulation results that validate this approach. While the assignment formulation and algorithms could include both sensor resource and bandwidth constraints with versions for single and multiple time periods, i.e., myopic and non-myopic, the distributed prototype formulation and algorithms developed for these experiments were restricted to the tasking of certain sensors to make measurements and transmit them over the network based on the current air picture. The number of measurements put on the network was controlled by limiting the number of sensors that could transmit measurements on each target. The communication loading was then measured to demonstrate that indeed one can design a distributed sensor resource manager capable of achieving the objectives of significantly reducing the communication loading and maintaining SIAP.

  18. A distributed data base management system. [for Deep Space Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryan, A. I.

    1975-01-01

    Major system design features of a distributed data management system for the NASA Deep Space Network (DSN) designed for continuous two-way deep space communications are described. The reasons for which the distributed data base utilizing third-generation minicomputers is selected as the optimum approach for the DSN are threefold: (1) with a distributed master data base, valid data is available in real-time to support DSN management activities at each location; (2) data base integrity is the responsibility of local management; and (3) the data acquisition/distribution and processing power of a third-generation computer enables the computer to function successfully as a data handler or as an on-line process controller. The concept of the distributed data base is discussed along with the software, data base integrity, and hardware used. The data analysis/update constraint is examined.

  19. A multi-agent decentralized energy management system based on distributed intelligence for the design and control of autonomous polygeneration microgrids

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • A decentralized energy management system based on multi agent systems theory. • A decentralized energy management system is technically feasible. • A decentralized approach utilizes the devices better than a centralized one. • A decentralized energy management system is economically competitive. - Abstract: The autonomous polygeneration microgrid topology has been developed in order to cover holistically needs in a remote area such as electrical energy, space heating and cooling, potable water through desalination and hydrogen as fuel for transportation. The existence of an advanced energy management system is essential for the operation of an autonomous polygeneration microgrid. So far, energy management systems based on a centralized management and control have been developed for the autonomous polygeneration microgrid topology based on computational intelligence approaches. A decentralized management and control energy management system can have important benefits, when taking into consideration the autonomous character of these microgrids. This paper presents the design and investigation of a decentralized energy management system for the autonomous polygeneration microgrid topology. The decentralized energy management system gives the possibility to control each unit of the microgrid independently. The most important advantage of using a decentralized architecture is that the managed microgrid has much higher chances of partial operation in cases when malfunctions occur at different parts of it, instead of a complete system breakdown. The designed system was based on a multi-agent system and employed Fuzzy Cognitive Maps for its implementation. It was then compared through a case study with an existing centralized energy management system. The technical performance of the decentralized solution performance is on par with the existing centralized one, presenting improvements in financial and operational terms for the implementation and

  20. Local control of reactive power by distributed photovoltaic generators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chertkov, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Turitsyn, Konstantin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sulc, Petr [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Backhaus, Scott [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-01-01

    High penetration levels of distributed photovoltaic (PV) generation on an electrical distribution circuit may severely degrade power quality due to voltage sags and swells caused by rapidly varying PV generation during cloud transients coupled with the slow response of existing utility compensation and regulation equipment. Although not permitted under current standards for interconnection of distributed generation, fast-reacting, VAR-capable PV inverters may provide the necessary reactive power injection or consumption to maintain voltage regulation under difficult transient conditions. As side benefit, the control of reactive power injection at each PV inverter provides an opportunity and a new tool for distribution utilities to optimize the performance of distribution circuits, e.g. by minimizing thermal losses. We suggest a local control scheme that dispatches reactive power from each PV inverter based on local instantaneous measurements of the real and reactive components of the consumed power and the real power generated by the PVs. Using one adjustable parameter per circuit, we balance the requirements on power quality and desire to minimize thermal losses. Numerical analysis of two exemplary systems, with comparable total PV generation albeit a different spatial distribution, show how to adjust the optimization parameter depending on the goal. Overall, this local scheme shows excellent performance; it's capable of guaranteeing acceptable power quality and achieving significant saving in thermal losses in various situations even when the renewable generation in excess of the circuit own load, i.e. feeding power back to the higher-level system.

  1. The Fermilab CMTF cryogenic distribution remote control system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pei, L.; Theilacker, J.; Klebaner, A.; Martinez, A.; Bossert, R.

    2014-01-01

    The Cryomodule Test Facility (CMTF) is able to provide the necessary test bed for measuring the performance of Superconducting Radio Frequency (SRF) cavities in a cryomodule (CM). The CMTF have seven 300 KW screw compressors, two liquid helium refrigerators, and two Cryomodule Test Stands (CMTS). CMTS1 is designed for 1.3 GHz cryomodule operating in a pulsed mode (PM) and CMTS2 is for cryomodule operating in Half-Wave (HW) and Continuous Wave (CW) mode. Based on the design requirement, each subsystem has to be far away from each other and be placed in distant locations. Therefore choosing Siemens Process Control System 7-400, DL205 PLC, Synoptic and Fermilab ACNET are the ideal choices for CMTF cryogenic distribution real-time remote control system. This paper presents a method which has been successfully used by many Fermilab distribution cryogenic real-time remote control systems.

  2. Sample-Based Vegetation Distribution Information Synthesis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chanchan Xu

    Full Text Available In constructing and visualizing a virtual three-dimensional forest scene, we must first obtain the vegetation distribution, namely, the location of each plant in the forest. Because the forest contains a large number of plants, the distribution of each plant is difficult to obtain from actual measurement methods. Random approaches are used as common solutions to simulate a forest distribution but fail to reflect the specific biological arrangements among types of plants. Observations show that plants in the forest tend to generate particular distribution patterns due to growth competition and specific habitats. This pattern, which represents a local feature in the distribution and occurs repeatedly in the forest, is in line with the "locality" and "static" characteristics in the "texture data", making it possible to use a sample-based texture synthesis strategy to build the distribution. We propose a vegetation distribution data generation method that uses sample-based vector pattern synthesis. A sample forest stand is obtained first and recorded as a two-dimensional vector-element distribution pattern. Next, the large-scale vegetation distribution pattern is synthesized automatically using the proposed vector pattern synthesis algorithm. The synthesized distribution pattern resembles the sample pattern in the distribution features. The vector pattern synthesis algorithm proposed in this paper adopts a neighborhood comparison technique based on histogram matching, which makes it efficient and easy to implement. Experiments show that the distribution pattern synthesized with this method can sufficiently preserve the features of the sample distribution pattern, making our method meaningful for constructing realistic forest scenes.

  3. Distributed computer-controlled systems: the DEAR-COTS approach

    OpenAIRE

    Veríssimo, P; A. Casimiro; L. M. Pinho; vasques, f; Rodrigues, L.; E. Tovar

    2000-01-01

    This paper proposes a new architecture targeting real-time and reliable Distributed Computer-Controlled Systems (DCCS). This architecture provides a structured approach for the integration of soft and/or hard real-time applications with Commercial O -The-Shelf (COTS) components. The Timely Computing Base model is used as the reference model to deal with the heterogeneity of system components with respect to guaranteeing the timeliness of applications. The reliability and ava...

  4. Key technologies for the novel distributed numerical control integrated system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TAO Guibao; LlU Fei; WANG Shilong

    2004-01-01

    A novel distributed numerical control (DNC) integrated system based on plug-in software technology is proposed. It connects new or old numerical control (NC) machine tools which haveinhomogeneous numerical control systems with CAD/CAM system by CANbus network. A DNC computer is able to control 15 sets of NC machine tools reliably at the same time. The novel DNC system increases the efficiency of machine tools and improve the production management level by realizing non-paper production, agile manufacturing, networked manufacturing and so on in the near future. Key technologies to construct the novel DNC integrated system include the integration of inhomogeneous numerical control systems, NC program restart, and algorithm for communication competition. Such system has demonstrated successful applications in some corporations that have acquired good economic benefits and social effects.

  5. Time Stamp Synchronization of PEFP Distributed Control Systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Proton Engineering Frontier Project (PEFP) proton linac consists of several types of control systems, such as soft Input Output Controllers (IOC) and embedded IOC based on Experimental Physics Industrial Control System (EPICS) for each subsection of PEFP facility. One of the important factors is that IOC's time clock is synchronized. The synchronized time and time stamp can be achieved with Network Time Protocol (NTP) and EPICS time stamp record without timing hardware. The requirement of the time accuracy of IOCs is less than 1 second. The main objective of this study is to configure a master clock and produce Process Variable (PV) time stamps using local CPU time synchronized from the master clock. The distributed control systems are attached on PEFP control network

  6. DIRAC - Distributed Infrastructure with Remote Agent Control

    CERN Document Server

    Tsaregorodtsev, A; Closier, J; Frank, M; Gaspar, C; van Herwijnen, E; Loverre, F; Ponce, S; Graciani Diaz, R.; Galli, D; Marconi, U; Vagnoni, V; Brook, N; Buckley, A; Harrison, K; Schmelling, M; Egede, U; Bogdanchikov, A; Korolko, I; Washbrook, A; Palacios, J P; Klous, S; Saborido, J J; Khan, A; Pickford, A; Soroko, A; Romanovski, V; Patrick, G N; Kuznetsov, G; Gandelman, M

    2003-01-01

    This paper describes DIRAC, the LHCb Monte Carlo production system. DIRAC has a client/server architecture based on: Compute elements distributed among the collaborating institutes; Databases for production management, bookkeeping (the metadata catalogue) and software configuration; Monitoring and cataloguing services for updating and accessing the databases. Locally installed software agents implemented in Python monitor the local batch queue, interrogate the production database for any outstanding production requests using the XML-RPC protocol and initiate the job submission. The agent checks and, if necessary, installs any required software automatically. After the job has processed the events, the agent transfers the output data and updates the metadata catalogue. DIRAC has been successfully installed at 18 collaborating institutes, including the DataGRID, and has been used in recent Physics Data Challenges. In the near to medium term future we must use a mixed environment with different types of grid mid...

  7. Cluster-based control of nonlinear dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Kaiser, Eurika; Spohn, Andreas; Cattafesta, Louis N; Morzynski, Marek

    2016-01-01

    The ability to manipulate and control fluid flows is of great importance in many scientific and engineering applications. Here, a cluster-based control framework is proposed to determine optimal control laws with respect to a cost function for unsteady flows. The proposed methodology frames high-dimensional, nonlinear dynamics into low-dimensional, probabilistic, linear dynamics which considerably simplifies the optimal control problem while preserving nonlinear actuation mechanisms. The data-driven approach builds upon a state space discretization using a clustering algorithm which groups kinematically similar flow states into a low number of clusters. The temporal evolution of the probability distribution on this set of clusters is then described by a Markov model. The Markov model can be used as predictor for the ergodic probability distribution for a particular control law. This probability distribution approximates the long-term behavior of the original system on which basis the optimal control law is de...

  8. Adaptive, Distributed Control of Constrained Multi-Agent Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bieniawski, Stefan; Wolpert, David H.

    2004-01-01

    Product Distribution (PO) theory was recently developed as a broad framework for analyzing and optimizing distributed systems. Here we demonstrate its use for adaptive distributed control of Multi-Agent Systems (MASS), i.e., for distributed stochastic optimization using MAS s. First we review one motivation of PD theory, as the information-theoretic extension of conventional full-rationality game theory to the case of bounded rational agents. In this extension the equilibrium of the game is the optimizer of a Lagrangian of the (Probability dist&&on on the joint state of the agents. When the game in question is a team game with constraints, that equilibrium optimizes the expected value of the team game utility, subject to those constraints. One common way to find that equilibrium is to have each agent run a Reinforcement Learning (E) algorithm. PD theory reveals this to be a particular type of search algorithm for minimizing the Lagrangian. Typically that algorithm i s quite inefficient. A more principled alternative is to use a variant of Newton's method to minimize the Lagrangian. Here we compare this alternative to RL-based search in three sets of computer experiments. These are the N Queen s problem and bin-packing problem from the optimization literature, and the Bar problem from the distributed RL literature. Our results confirm that the PD-theory-based approach outperforms the RL-based scheme in all three domains.

  9. Control and operation of distributed generation in distribution systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mahat, Pukar; Chen, Zhe; Bak-Jensen, Birgitte

    2011-01-01

    Many distribution systems nowadays have significant penetration of distributed generation (DG)and thus, islanding operation of these distribution systems is becoming a viable option for economical and technical reasons. The DG should operate optimally during both grid-connected and island...... algorithm, which uses average rate of change off requency (Af5) and real power shift RPS), in the islanded mode. RPS will increase or decrease the power set point of the generator with increasing or decreasing system frequency, respectively. Simulation results show that the proposed method can operate the...... conditions, which can be achieved with change in operating strategy. Many islanding detection techniques have been developed but little work has been done to detect grid re-connection. This paper presents strategies to operate DG in grid connected and islanded modes and a new grid re-connection detection...

  10. Distributed autonomous systems: resource management, planning, and control algorithms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, James F., III; Nguyen, ThanhVu H.

    2005-05-01

    Distributed autonomous systems, i.e., systems that have separated distributed components, each of which, exhibit some degree of autonomy are increasingly providing solutions to naval and other DoD problems. Recently developed control, planning and resource allocation algorithms for two types of distributed autonomous systems will be discussed. The first distributed autonomous system (DAS) to be discussed consists of a collection of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) that are under fuzzy logic control. The UAVs fly and conduct meteorological sampling in a coordinated fashion determined by their fuzzy logic controllers to determine the atmospheric index of refraction. Once in flight no human intervention is required. A fuzzy planning algorithm determines the optimal trajectory, sampling rate and pattern for the UAVs and an interferometer platform while taking into account risk, reliability, priority for sampling in certain regions, fuel limitations, mission cost, and related uncertainties. The real-time fuzzy control algorithm running on each UAV will give the UAV limited autonomy allowing it to change course immediately without consulting with any commander, request other UAVs to help it, alter its sampling pattern and rate when observing interesting phenomena, or to terminate the mission and return to base. The algorithms developed will be compared to a resource manager (RM) developed for another DAS problem related to electronic attack (EA). This RM is based on fuzzy logic and optimized by evolutionary algorithms. It allows a group of dissimilar platforms to use EA resources distributed throughout the group. For both DAS types significant theoretical and simulation results will be presented.

  11. Stability, Power Sharing, & Distributed Secondary Control in Droop-Controlled Microgrids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simpson-Porco, John; Dorfler, Florian; Bullo, Francesco;

    2013-01-01

    . We discuss a selection of controller gains which leads to a sharing of power among the generators, and show that this proportional selection enforces actuation constraints for the inverters. Moreover, we propose a distributed integral controller based on averaging algorithms which dynamically...... regulates the system frequency in the presence of a time-varying load. Remarkably, this distributed-averaging integral controller has the additional property that it maintains the power sharing properties of the primary droop controller. Finally, we present experimental results validating our controller......Motivated by the recent and growing interest in microgrids, we study the operation of droop-controlled DC/AC inverters in an islanded inductive microgrid. We present a necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of a synchronized steady state that is unique and locally exponentially stable...

  12. Distributed process control system for remote control and monitoring of the TFTR tritium systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reviews the progress made in the application of a commercially available distributed process control system to support the requirements established for the Tritium REmote Control And Monitoring System (TRECAMS) of the Tokamak Fusion Test REactor (TFTR). The system that will discussed was purchased from Texas (TI) Instruments Automation Controls Division), previously marketed by Rexnord Automation. It consists of three, fully redundant, distributed process controllers interfaced to over 1800 analog and digital I/O points. The operator consoles located throughout the facility are supported by four Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) PDP-11/73 computers. The PDP-11/73's and the three process controllers communicate over a fully redundant one megabaud fiber optic network. All system functionality is based on a set of completely integrated databases loaded to the process controllers and the PDP-11/73's. (author). 2 refs.; 2 figs

  13. Distributed control of large space structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaechter, D. B.

    1981-01-01

    Theoretical developments and the results of laboratory experiments are treated as they apply to active attitude and vibration control, as well as static shape control. Modern control theory was employed throughout as the method for obtaining estimation and control laws.

  14. Synthetic consciousness: the distributed adaptive control perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verschure, Paul F M J

    2016-08-19

    Understanding the nature of consciousness is one of the grand outstanding scientific challenges. The fundamental methodological problem is how phenomenal first person experience can be accounted for in a third person verifiable form, while the conceptual challenge is to both define its function and physical realization. The distributed adaptive control theory of consciousness (DACtoc) proposes answers to these three challenges. The methodological challenge is answered relative to the hard problem and DACtoc proposes that it can be addressed using a convergent synthetic methodology using the analysis of synthetic biologically grounded agents, or quale parsing. DACtoc hypothesizes that consciousness in both its primary and secondary forms serves the ability to deal with the hidden states of the world and emerged during the Cambrian period, affording stable multi-agent environments to emerge. The process of consciousness is an autonomous virtualization memory, which serializes and unifies the parallel and subconscious simulations of the hidden states of the world that are largely due to other agents and the self with the objective to extract norms. These norms are in turn projected as value onto the parallel simulation and control systems that are driving action. This functional hypothesis is mapped onto the brainstem, midbrain and the thalamo-cortical and cortico-cortical systems and analysed with respect to our understanding of deficits of consciousness. Subsequently, some of the implications and predictions of DACtoc are outlined, in particular, the prediction that normative bootstrapping of conscious agents is predicated on an intentionality prior. In the view advanced here, human consciousness constitutes the ultimate evolutionary transition by allowing agents to become autonomous with respect to their evolutionary priors leading to a post-biological Anthropocene.This article is part of the themed issue 'The major synthetic evolutionary transitions'. PMID

  15. Reactivity control rod for controlling reactor power distribution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since a cladding tube is situated at the outer side, it undergoes neutron irradiation in a reactor core and also undergoes compression force due to high pressure of reactor coolants to cause a creep phenomenon, and the diameter is reduced as it is used. Then, neutron absorbing rods as reactivity control rods for controlling the power distribution are constituted with a cladding tube, a spacer tube disposed at the central portion of the cladding tube and a borosilicate glass tube disposed between the cladding tube and the spacer tube. The gap between the borosilicate glass tube and the spacer tube is gradually changed so that the inner diameter of the borosilicate glass is increased as it comes closer to the lower end plug. The time of contact between the cladding tube and the spacer tube in the inside is delayed by the constitution of the borosilicate glass tube disposed in the cladding tube of the neutron absorbing rod as the reactivity control rod thereby capable of extending the integral working life time with no rupture of the cladding tube. (N.H.)

  16. Methods in Logic Based Control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Georg Kronborg

    1999-01-01

    Desing and theory of Logic Based Control systems.Boolean Algebra, Karnaugh Map, Quine McClusky's algorithm. Sequential control design. Logic Based Control Method, Cascade Control Method. Implementation techniques: relay, pneumatic, TTL/CMOS,PAL and PLC- and Soft_PLC implementation. PLC...

  17. Management tools for distributed control system in KSTAR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The integrated control system of the Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR) has been developed with distributed control systems based on Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS) middle-ware. It has the essential role of remote operation, supervising of tokamak device and conducting of plasma experiments without any interruption. Therefore, the availability of the control system directly impacts on the entire device performance. For the non-interrupted operation of the KSTAR control system, we have developed a tool named as Control System Monitoring (CSM) to monitor the resources of EPICS Input/Output Controller (IOC) servers (utilization of memory, cpu, disk, network, user-defined process and system-defined process), the soundness of storage systems (storage utilization, storage status), the status of network switches using Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP), the network connection status of every local control sever using Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP), and the operation environment of the main control room and the computer room (temperature, humidity, electricity) in real time. When abnormal conditions or faults are detected by the CSM, it alerts abnormal or fault alarms to operators. Especially, if critical fault related to the data storage occurs, the CSM sends the simple messages to operator's mobile phone. The operators then quickly restored the problems according to the emergency procedure. As a result of this process, KSTAR was able to perform continuous operation and experiment without interruption for 4 months

  18. Applied optimal control theory of distributed systems

    CERN Document Server

    Lurie, K A

    1993-01-01

    This book represents an extended and substantially revised version of my earlierbook, Optimal Control in Problems ofMathematical Physics,originally published in Russian in 1975. About 60% of the text has been completely revised and major additions have been included which have produced a practically new text. My aim was to modernize the presentation but also to preserve the original results, some of which are little known to a Western reader. The idea of composites, which is the core of the modern theory of optimization, was initiated in the early seventies. The reader will find here its implementation in the problem of optimal conductivity distribution in an MHD-generatorchannel flow.Sincethen it has emergedinto an extensive theory which is undergoing a continuous development. The book does not pretend to be a textbook, neither does it offer a systematic presentation of the theory. Rather, it reflects a concept which I consider as fundamental in the modern approach to optimization of dis­ tributed systems. ...

  19. Distributed Control in Multi-Vehicle Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul A. Avery

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The Southwest Research Institute (SwRI Mobile Autonomous Robotics Technology Initiative (MARTI program has enabled the development of fully-autonomous passenger-sized commercial vehicles and military tactical vehicles, as well as the development of cooperative vehicle behaviors, such as cooperative sensor sharing and cooperative convoy operations. The program has also developed behaviors to interface intelligent vehicles with intelligent road-side devices. The development of intelligent vehicle behaviors cannot be approached as stand-alone phenomena; rather, they must be understood within a context of the broader traffic system dynamics. The study of other complex systems has shown that system-level behaviors emerge as a result of the spatio-temporal dynamics within a system's constituent parts. The design of such systems must therefore account for both the system-level emergent behavior, as well as behaviors of individuals within the system. It has also become clear over the past several years, for both of these domains, that human trust in the behavior of individual vehicles is paramount to broader technology adoption. This paper examines the interplay between individual vehicle capabilities, vehicle connectivity, and emergent system behaviors, and presents some considerations for a distributed control paradigm in a multi-vehicle system.

  20. Distributed intelligent control system for a continuous-state plant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stothert, A; Macleod, I M

    1997-01-01

    Continuous-state plants place specific demands on the structure and operation of multi-agent, multi-paradigm distributed intelligent controllers. An investigation of the use of distributed artificial intelligence techniques for continuous-state control is presented. The choice of agents and how they interact to control a continuous-state plant is discussed. A distinction between a priori and operational knowledge is introduced to simplify and aid the design of distributed intelligent controllers. A simulation study of a controller designed for a deep-shaft mine winder serves to demonstrate the application of distributed intelligent control to a continuous-state plant. PMID:18255879

  1. A distributed system adaptive control strategy. [for attitude control of large spacecraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, C. R., Jr.; Montgomery, R. C.

    1979-01-01

    One attitude control device being studied for large spacecraft consists of two counter-rotating rings, each designated as an annular momentum control device (AMCD), that are attached to a spacecraft using several magnetic bearings distributed along the circumference of the rings. For large spacecraft large rings are desirable. Unfortunately, for large rings flexibility is appreciable and it becomes necessary to account for the distributed nature of the rings in the design of the magnetic bearing controllers. Also ring behavior is unpredictably sensitive to ring temperature, spin rate, manufacturing imperfections, and other variables. For that reason a distributed adaptive microcomputer-based control system is being sought for ring stabilization and maneuvering. An original adaptive-control methodology for distributed-parameter systems is detailed and application to spinning ring, i.e., AMCD, stabilization is used as an illustration. The proposed methodology, presented as a step-by-step procedure, combines a lumped-parameter expansion description of distributed parameter systems with a fundamental simultaneous identification and control strategy. Simulations are presented providing preliminary evidence of the capabilities of the proposed procedure.

  2. Exporting Variables in a Hierarchically Distributed Control System

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We describe the Remote Variable Access Service (RVAS), a network service developed and used in the distributed control and monitoring system of the TJ-II Heliac, which is under construction at CIEMAT (Madrid, Spain) and devoted to plasma studies in the nuclear fusion field. The architecture of the TJ-II control system consists of one central Sun workstation Sparc 10 and several autonomous subsystems based on VME crates with embedded processors running the OS-9 (V.24) real time operating system. The RVAS service allows state variables in local control processes running in subsystems to be exported to remote processes running in the central control workstation. Thus we extend the concept of exporting of file systems in UNIX machines to variables in processes running in different machines. (Author) 6 refs

  3. Exporting Variables in a Hierarchically Distributed Control System

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We describe the Remote Variable Access Service (RVAS), a network service developed and use in the distributed control and monitoring system of the TJ-II Heliac, which is under construction at CIEMAT (Madrid, Spain) and devoted to plasma studies in the nuclear fusion field. The architecture of the TJ-II control system consists of one central Sun workstation Sparc 10 and several autonomous subsystems based on VME crates with embedded processors running the os-9 (V.24) real time operating system. The RVAS service allows state variables in local control processes running in subsystems to be exported to remote processes running in the central control workstation. Thus we extend the concept of exporting of file systems in UNIX machines to variables in processes running in different machines. (Author)

  4. Combustion distribution control using the extremum seeking algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marjanovic, A.; Krstic, M.; Djurovic, Z.; Kvascev, G.; Papic, V.

    2014-12-01

    Quality regulation of the combustion process inside the furnace is the basis of high demands for increasing robustness, safety and efficiency of thermal power plants. The paper considers the possibility of spatial temperature distribution control inside the boiler, based on the correction of distribution of coal over the mills. Such control system ensures the maintenance of the flame focus away from the walls of the boiler, and thus preserves the equipment and reduces the possibility of ash slugging. At the same time, uniform heat dissipation over mills enhances the energy efficiency of the boiler, while reducing the pollution of the system. A constrained multivariable extremum seeking algorithm is proposed as a tool for combustion process optimization with the main objective of centralizing the flame in the furnace. Simulations are conducted on a model corresponding to the 350MW boiler of the Nikola Tesla Power Plant, in Obrenovac, Serbia.

  5. Combustion distribution control using the extremum seeking algorithm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Quality regulation of the combustion process inside the furnace is the basis of high demands for increasing robustness, safety and efficiency of thermal power plants. The paper considers the possibility of spatial temperature distribution control inside the boiler, based on the correction of distribution of coal over the mills. Such control system ensures the maintenance of the flame focus away from the walls of the boiler, and thus preserves the equipment and reduces the possibility of ash slugging. At the same time, uniform heat dissipation over mills enhances the energy efficiency of the boiler, while reducing the pollution of the system. A constrained multivariable extremum seeking algorithm is proposed as a tool for combustion process optimization with the main objective of centralizing the flame in the furnace. Simulations are conducted on a model corresponding to the 350MW boiler of the Nikola Tesla Power Plant, in Obrenovac, Serbia

  6. UAV Flight Control using Distributed Actuation and Sensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnwell, William G.; Heinzen, Stearns N.; Hall, Charles E., Jr.; Chokani, Ndaona; Raney, David L. (Technical Monitor)

    2003-01-01

    An array of effectors and sensors has been designed, tested and implemented on a Blended Wing Body Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle (UAV). This UAV is modified to serve as a flying, controls research, testbed. This effectorhensor array provides for the dynamic vehicle testing of controller designs and the study of decentralized control techniques. Each wing of the UAV is equipped with 12 distributed effectors that comprise a segmented array of independently actuated, contoured control surfaces. A single pressure sensor is installed near the base of each effector to provide a measure of deflections of the effectors. The UAV wings were tested in the North Carolina State University Subsonic Wind Tunnel and the pressure distribution that result from the deflections of the effectors are characterized. The results of the experiments are used to develop a simple, but accurate, prediction method, such that for any arrangement of the effector array the corresponding pressure distribution can be determined. Numerical analysis using the panel code CMARC verifies this prediction method.

  7. VOLTAGE AND POWER LOSS CONTROL IN DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM USING UPFC

    OpenAIRE

    Yuan, Wei; TANG, Aihong; ZHANG, Xiaocheng; Wang, Shaorong

    2012-01-01

    Abstract: A simplified loop distribution system is taken as the object and the main reasons leading to the power loss in the feeder are analysed in this paper. According to the natural power distribution theory of the loop systems, the minimum power distribution in the loop power system is deduced through the extremism method. Thinking about the power control function of the unified power flow controller, the control system for the series side of the unified power flow controller is designed ...

  8. Bluetooth-based distributed measurement system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A novel distributed wireless measurement system, which is consisted of a base station, wireless intelligent sensors and relay nodes etc, is established by combining of Bluetooth-based wireless transmission, virtual instrument, intelligent sensor, and network. The intelligent sensors mounted on the equipments to be measured acquire various parameters and the Bluetooth relay nodes get the acquired data modulated and sent to the base station, where data analysis and processing are done so that the operational condition of the equipment can be evaluated. The establishment of the distributed measurement system is discussed with a measurement flow chart for the distributed measurement system based on Bluetooth technology, and the advantages and disadvantages of the system are analyzed at the end of the paper and the measurement system has successfully been used in Daqing oilfield, China for measurement of parameters, such as temperature, flow rate and oil pressure at an electromotor-pump unit

  9. Development of Protection and Control Unit for Distribution Substation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iguchi, Fumiaki; Hayashi, Hideyuki; Takeuchi, Motohiro; Kido, Mitsuyasu; Kobayashi, Takashi; Yanaoka, Atsushi

    The Recently, electronics and IT technologies have been rapidly innovated and have been introduced to power system protection & control system to achieve high reliability, maintainability and more functionality. Concerning the distribution substation application, digital relays have been applied for more than 10 years. Because of a number of electronic devices used for it, product cost becomes higher. Also, products installed during the past high-growth period will be at the end of lifetime and will be replaced. Therefore, replacing market is expected to grow and the reduction of cost is demanded. Considering above mentioned background, second generation digital protection and control unit as a successor is designed to have following concepts. Functional integration based on advanced digital technologies, Ethernet LAN based indoor communication network, cost reduction and downsizing. Pondering above concepts, integration of protection and control function is adopted in contrary to the functional segregation applied to the previous system in order to achieve one-unit concept. Also the adoption of Ethernet LAN for inter-unit communication is objective. This report shows the development of second-generation digital relay for distribution substation, which is equipped with control function and Ethernet LAN by reducing the size of auxiliary transformer unit and the same size as previous product is realized.

  10. Simulation of Distributed Control Applications in Dynamic Environments (Simulatie van gedistribueerde controle applicaties in dynamische omgevingen)

    OpenAIRE

    Helleboogh, Alexander

    2007-01-01

    Distributed control applications are software systems designed to coordinate and control the operation of several distributed devices. An example of a distributed control application is a software system that controls production machines in a manufacturing environment. The environment in which a distributed control application operates is typically dynamic.In a dynamic environment the operating conditions of the control application are continuously changing. For example, in a manufacturing en...

  11. Analysis of the orderly distribution of oil and gas fields in China based on the theory of co-control of source and heat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gongcheng Zhang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Taking a hydrocarbon zone or a basin group as a unit, this paper analyzed the vertical hydrocarbon generation regularity of onshore and offshore oil and gas fields in China, based on the theory of co-control of source and heat. The results demonstrated that the hydrocarbon generation modes of oil and gas fields in China are orderly. First, the hydrocarbon zones in southeastern China offshore area, including the East and South China Sea basins, are dominated by single hydrocarbon generation mode, which displays as either single oil generation in the near shore or single gas generation in the offshore controlled by both source and heat. Second, the eastern hydrocarbon zones, including the Bohai Bay, Songliao and Jianghan basins and the North and South Yellow Sea basins, are dominated by a two-layer hydrocarbon generation mode, which performs as “upper oil and lower gas”. Third, the central hydrocarbon zones, including the Ordos, Sichuan and Chuxiong basins, are also dominated by the “upper oil and lower gas” two-layer hydrocarbon generation mode. In the Ordos Basin, gas is mainly generated in the Triassic, and oil is predominantly generated in the Paleozoic. In the Sichuan Basin, oil was discovered in the Jurassic, and gas was mostly discovered in the Sinian and Triassic. Fourth, the western hydrocarbon zones are dominated by a “sandwich” multi-layer mode, such as the Junggar, Tarim, Qaidam basins. In summary, the theory of co-control of source and heat will be widely applied to oil and gas exploration all over China. Oil targets should be focused on the near shore areas in the southeastern China sea, the upper strata in the eastern and middle hydrocarbon zones, and the Ordovician, Permian and Paleogene strata in the western hydrocarbon zone, while gas targets should be focused on the off-shore areas in the southeastern China sea, the Cambrian, Carboniferous, Jurassic, and Quaternary strata in the western hydrocarbon zone. A pattern of

  12. An Agent-Based Distributed Manufacturing System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    J.Li; J.Y.H.Fuh; Y.F.Zhang; A.Y.C.Nee

    2006-01-01

    Agent theories have shown their promising capability in solving distributed complex system ever since its development. In this paper, one multi-agent based distributed product design and manufacturing planning system is presented. The objective of the research is to develop a distributed collaborative design environment for supporting cooperation among the existing engineering functions. In the system, the functional agents for design, manufacturability evaluation,process planning and scheduling are efficiently integrated with a facilitator agent. This paper firstly gives an introduction to the system structure, and the definitions for each executive agent are then described and a prototype of the proposed is also included at the end part.

  13. Advanced Electric Distribution, Switching, and Conversion Technology for Power Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soltis, James V.

    1998-01-01

    The Electrical Power Control Unit currently under development by Sundstrand Aerospace for use on the Fluids Combustion Facility of the International Space Station is the precursor of modular power distribution and conversion concepts for future spacecraft and aircraft applications. This unit combines modular current-limiting flexible remote power controllers and paralleled power converters into one package. Each unit includes three 1-kW, current-limiting power converter modules designed for a variable-ratio load sharing capability. The flexible remote power controllers can be used in parallel to match load requirements and can be programmed for an initial ON or OFF state on powerup. The unit contains an integral cold plate. The modularity and hybridization of the Electrical Power Control Unit sets the course for future spacecraft electrical power systems, both large and small. In such systems, the basic hybridized converter and flexible remote power controller building blocks could be configured to match power distribution and conversion capabilities to load requirements. In addition, the flexible remote power controllers could be configured in assemblies to feed multiple individual loads and could be used in parallel to meet the specific current requirements of each of those loads. Ultimately, the Electrical Power Control Unit design concept could evolve to a common switch module hybrid, or family of hybrids, for both converter and switchgear applications. By assembling hybrids of a common current rating and voltage class in parallel, researchers could readily adapt these units for multiple applications. The Electrical Power Control Unit concept has the potential to be scaled to larger and smaller ratings for both small and large spacecraft and for aircraft where high-power density, remote power controllers or power converters are required and a common replacement part is desired for multiples of a base current rating.

  14. Audit-based compliance control

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cederquist, J.G.; Corin, R.J.; Dekker, M.A.C.; Etalle, S.; Hartog, den J.I.; Lenzini, G.; Dimitrakos, T.; Martinelli, F.; Ryan, P.Y.A.; Schneider, S.

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we introduce a new framework for controlling compliance to discretionary access control policies [Cederquist et al. in Proceedings of the International Workshop on Policies for Distributed Systems and Networks (POLICY), 2005; Corin et al. in Proceedings of the IFIP Workshop on Formal A

  15. 基于RBAC的文件级分布式安全访问控制系统的研究%Research on a File Level Distributed Secure Access Control System Based on RBAC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王俊; 贾连兴; 姚海潮; 何建平

    2011-01-01

    访问控制技术能够有效避免对数据的非法访问,增强对用户行为的管理.依托分布式并行文件系统GlusterFS,结合RBAC思想,设计了一个文件级分布式安全访问控制系统—Distributed Secure Access Control System(DSAS).重点研究了存储系统中RBAC机制的实现方法,提出了基于角色证书的用户身份验证及角色授权机制.测试结果表明,DSAS系统在满足数据安全性需求的同时,同样能够较好地满足存储系统性能需求.%Access control technology can effectively avoid the unauthorized access for data and strengthen the management to the customer behavior. Depended on the distributed parallel file system GlusterFS and combined with the principles of RBAC, this paper designed a file level Distributed Secure Access Control System(DSAS), mainly studied the carrying out of RBAC mechanism method in the storage system, put forward customer identity verification and role authorization mechanism based on the role credential. Test results illustrated that DSAS system can be well fulfill the need for data reliability and security and the need for storage system performance.

  16. Power flow control using distributed saturable reactors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimitrovski, Aleksandar D.

    2016-02-13

    A magnetic amplifier includes a saturable core having a plurality of legs. Control windings wound around separate legs are spaced apart from each other and connected in series in an anti-symmetric relation. The control windings are configured in such a way that a biasing magnetic flux arising from a control current flowing through one of the plurality of control windings is substantially equal to the biasing magnetic flux flowing into a second of the plurality of control windings. The flow of the control current through each of the plurality of control windings changes the reactance of the saturable core reactor by driving those portions of the saturable core that convey the biasing magnetic flux in the saturable core into saturation. The phasing of the control winding limits a voltage induced in the plurality of control windings caused by a magnetic flux passing around a portion of the saturable core.

  17. Dealing with distributed intelligence in monitoring and control systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Euorpean Hybrid Spectrometer is built up of many individual detectors, each having widely varying monitoring and control requirements. With the advent of cheap microprocessor systems a shift from the concept of a single monitoring and control computer of that of distributed intelligent controllers has been economically feasible. A detector designer can now thoroughly test and debug a complete monitoring and control system on a local, dedicated micro-computer, while during operation, the central computer can be relieved of many simple repetitive tasks. Rapidly, however, it has become obvious that the designers of these systems have to take into account the final operational environment and build into both the hardware and software, features allowing easy integration into a central monitoring and control chain. In addition, the problems of maintenance and enventual modification have to be taken into consideration early in the development. Examples of currently operational systems will be briefly described to demonstrate how a set of basic guidelines plus standardisation of hardware/software can minimise the problems of integration and maintenance. Based on practical experience gained in the European Hybrid Spectrometer, investigations are proceeding on various possible alternatives for future micro-computer based monitoring and control systems. (orig.)

  18. Distributed, Modular, Network Enabled Architecture For Process Control Military Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abhijit Kamble*,

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available In process control world, use of distributed modular embedded controller architecture drastically reduces the number and complexity of cabling; at the same time increases the system computing performance and response for real time application as compared to centralized control system. We propose a design based on ARM Cortex M4 hardware architecture and Cortex Microcontroller Software Interface Standard (CMSIS based software development. The ARM Cortex-M series ensures a compatible target processor and provides common core peripherals whereas CMSIS abstraction layer reduces development time, helps design software reusability and provides seamless application software interface for controllers. Being a custom design, we can built features like Built-In Test Equipment (BITE, single point fault tolerance, redundancy, 2/3 logic, etc. which are more desirable for a military applications. This paper describes the design of a generic embedded hardware module that can be configured as local I/O controller or application controller or Man Machine Interface (MMI. This paper also proposes a philosophy for step by step hardware and software development.

  19. Tailor-made Concurrency Control - distributed transactions as a case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mads Nygard

    1995-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper applies a model for distributed databases and transactions with a distinction between global and local correctness criteria. The global requirements per system are weaker than the local requirements per site. The paper presents an application which suits such a two-level division. The main motivation for our investigation is based on the fact that the commonly used correctness criteria for concurrency control and recovery, serializability and total recoverability, are very strict criteria. The use of more relaxed criteria (allowing more true parallel behaviour and more true partial behaviour is therefore very appealing - as long as this can be achieved without compromising safety or applicability. The main paradigm in our approach is based on the observation that relatively little knowledge about the databases and transactions can lead to major gains in system throughput. This allows specific systems to have more tailormade correctness criteria. We analyse a specialized type of distributed database, the skeleton-database, and a specialized type of distributed transaction, the wander-transaction. Wander-transactions accessing a skeleton-database allow breaks with both the common serializability criterion and the common total recoverability criterion. Our main emphasis here is on the nonserializability aspect. The primary goal of this work is to designate correctness criteria for controlling local and global parallelism. The secondary goal is to specify priority rules for handling local and global criteria breaks. Wander-transactions accessing a skeleton-database experience dynamic priorities. Our resulting concept, priority serializability, gives increased parallelism without compromising safety.

  20. Data-Driven H∞ Control for Nonlinear Distributed Parameter Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Biao; Huang, Tingwen; Wu, Huai-Ning; Yang, Xiong

    2015-11-01

    The data-driven H∞ control problem of nonlinear distributed parameter systems is considered in this paper. An off-policy learning method is developed to learn the H∞ control policy from real system data rather than the mathematical model. First, Karhunen-Loève decomposition is used to compute the empirical eigenfunctions, which are then employed to derive a reduced-order model (ROM) of slow subsystem based on the singular perturbation theory. The H∞ control problem is reformulated based on the ROM, which can be transformed to solve the Hamilton-Jacobi-Isaacs (HJI) equation, theoretically. To learn the solution of the HJI equation from real system data, a data-driven off-policy learning approach is proposed based on the simultaneous policy update algorithm and its convergence is proved. For implementation purpose, a neural network (NN)- based action-critic structure is developed, where a critic NN and two action NNs are employed to approximate the value function, control, and disturbance policies, respectively. Subsequently, a least-square NN weight-tuning rule is derived with the method of weighted residuals. Finally, the developed data-driven off-policy learning approach is applied to a nonlinear diffusion-reaction process, and the obtained results demonstrate its effectiveness. PMID:26277007

  1. Distributed and recoverable digital control system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stange, Kent (Inventor); Hess, Richard (Inventor); Kelley, Gerald B (Inventor); Rogers, Randy (Inventor)

    2010-01-01

    A real-time multi-tasking digital control system with rapid recovery capability is disclosed. The control system includes a plurality of computing units comprising a plurality of redundant processing units, with each of the processing units configured to generate one or more redundant control commands. One or more internal monitors are employed for detecting data errors in the control commands. One or more recovery triggers are provided for initiating rapid recovery of a processing unit if data errors are detected. The control system also includes a plurality of actuator control units each in operative communication with the computing units. The actuator control units are configured to initiate a rapid recovery if data errors are detected in one or more of the processing units. A plurality of smart actuators communicates with the actuator control units, and a plurality of redundant sensors communicates with the computing units.

  2. Distributed Control Mechanism of Lower Level Machines in Networked Production Line Based on IEC 61499%基于IEC61499的网络化生产线底层生产设备分布式控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄雪梅

    2011-01-01

    Computerized numerical controller and programmable logic controller compose two main kind controller for lower level machines in production line.In the networked manufacturing environment based on fieldbus, their distributed control mechanism is standalone, which leads to shortcoming in uniform distributed control of networked machine controller and further intelligent and reconfigurablc control.Distributed control mechanism of IEC61499 is introduced for controller network of CNC and PLC, and Device models are specified for respective PLC and CNC.Device model for CNC machine is proposed supporting by open structure CNC and STEP-NC, and Application model is applied to describe the lower level machine controller network.Googol Flexible Manufacturing System and four Axis development platform are selected as case study.%计算机数字控制CNC和可编程逻辑控制PLC构成了目前自动化生产线底层生产设备两类主要的控制器.在基于总线系统连接的网络化生产线中,两类控制器的分布式控制机理相互独立,这对生产线整体的分布式控制、优化的控制性能及进一步的柔性智能可重构控制带来困难.将IEC61499分布式控制机制引入到设备层控制网络.将PLC与CNC控制器设计为Device元素层次的模型,从而形成设备层控制器统一的分布式控制体系.基于数控系统开放式体系结构与STEP-NC控制器设计了CNC控制器的Device模型.并以应用模型Application为基础形成底层设备的分布式控制网络.以固高公司的柔性自动化生产系统和GMD四轴运动控制开发平台构建实例系统进行验证.

  3. Distributed formation control for autonomous robots

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Garcia de Marina Peinado, Hector Jesús

    2016-01-01

    This thesis addresses several theoretical and practical problems related to formation-control of autonomous robots. Formation-control aims to simultaneously accomplish the tasks of forming a desired shape by the robots and controlling their coordinated collective motion. This kind of robot performan

  4. D-ZENIC:A Scalable Distributed SDN Controller Architecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yongsheng Hu; Tian Tian; Jun Wang

    2014-01-01

    In a software-defined network, a powerful central controller provides a flexible platform for defining network traffic through the use of software. When SDN is used in a large-scale network, the logical central controller comprises multiple physical servers, and multiple controllers must act as one to provide transparent control logic to network applications and devices. The challenge is to minimize the cost of network state distribution. To this end, we propose Distributed ZTE Elastic Network Intelligent Controller (D-ZENIC), a network-control platform that supports distributed deployment and linear scale-out. A dedicated component in the D-ZENIC controller provides a global view of the network topology as well as the distribution of host information. The evaluation shows that balance complexity with scalability, the network state distribution needs to be strictly classified.

  5. Microgrid Controller and Advanced Distribution Management System Survey Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Guodong [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Starke, Michael R. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Herron, Andrew N. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2016-07-01

    A microgrid controller, which serves as the heart of a microgrid, is responsible for optimally managing the distributed energy resources, energy storage systems, and responsive demand and for ensuring the microgrid is being operated in an efficient, reliable, and resilient way. As the market for microgrids has blossomed in recently years, many vendors have released their own microgrid controllers to meet the various needs of different microgrid clients. However, due to the absence of a recognized standard for such controllers, vendor-supported microgrid controllers have a range of functionalities that are significantly different from each other in many respects. As a result the current state of the industry has been difficult to assess. To remedy this situation the authors conducted a survey of the functions of microgrid controllers developed by vendors and national laboratories. This report presents a clear indication of the state of the microgrid-controller industry based on analysis of the survey results. The results demonstrate that US Department of Energy funded research in microgrid controllers is unique and not competing with that of industry.

  6. Fault Reconstruction Approach for Distributed Coordinated Spacecraft Attitude Control System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mingyi Huo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This work presents a novel fault reconstruction approach for a large-scale system, that is, a distributed coordinated spacecraft attitude control system. The attitude of all the spacecrafts in this distributed system is controlled by using thrusters. All possible faults of thruster including thrust magnitude error and alignment error are investigated. As a stepping stone, the mathematical model of thruster is firstly established based on the thruster configuration. On the basis of this, a sliding mode observer is then proposed to reconstruct faults in each agent of the coordinated control system. A Lyapunov-based analysis shows that the observer asymptotically converges to the actual faults. The key feature of this fault reconstruction approach is that it can achieve a faster reconstruction of the fault in comparison with the conventional fault reconstruction schemes. It can globally reconstruct thruster faults with zero reconstruction error, and this is accomplished within finite time. The effectiveness of the proposed approach is analytically authenticated via simulation study.

  7. Development of a Testbed for Distributed Satellite Command and Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zetocha, Paul; Brito, Margarita

    2002-01-01

    At the Air Force Research Laboratory's Space Vehicles Directorate we are investigating and developing architectures for commanding and controlling a cluster of cooperating satellites through prototype development for the TechSat-21 program. The objective of this paper is to describe a distributed satellite testbed that is currently under development and to summarize near term prototypes being implemented for cluster command and control. To design, develop, and test our architecture we are using eight PowerPC 750 VME-based single board computers, representing eight satellites. Each of these computers is hosting the OSE(TM) real-time operating system from Enea Systems. At the core of our on-board cluster manager is ObjectAgent. ObjectAgent is an agent-based object-oriented framework for flight systems, which is particularly suitable for distributed applications. In order to handle communication with the ground as well as to assist with the cluster management we are using the Spacecraft Command Language (SCL). SCL is also at the centerpiece of our ground control station and handles cluster commanding, telemetry decommutation, state-of-health monitoring, and Fault Detection, Isolation, and Resolution (FDIR). For planning and scheduling activities we are currently using ASPEN from NASA/JPL. This paper will describe each of the above components in detail and then present the prototypes being implemented.

  8. Virtual Prototyping and Distributed Control for Solar Array with Distributed Multilevel Inverter

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Luan Viet; Johnson, Taylor T.

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we present the virtual prototyping of a solar array with a grid-tie implemented as a distributed inverter and controlled using distributed algorithms. Due to the distributed control and inherent redundancy in the array composed of many panels and inverter modules, the virtual prototype exhibits fault-tolerance capabilities. The distributed identifier algorithm allows the system to keep track of the number of operating panels to appropriately regulate the DC voltage output of th...

  9. Environmental Monitoring and Greenhouse Control by Distributed Sensor Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.R.BOSELIN PRABHU

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available A sensor is a miniature component which measure physical parameters from the environment. Sensors measure the physical parameters and transmit them either by wired or wireless medium. In wireless medium the sensor and its associated components are called as node. A node is self-possessed by a processor, local memory, sensors, radio, battery and a base station responsible for receiving and processing data collected by the nodes. They carry out joint activities due to limited resources such as battery, processor and memory. Nowadays, the applications of these networks are numerous, varied and the applications in agriculture are still budding. One interesting application is in environmental monitoring and greenhouse control, where the crop conditions such as climate and soil do not depend on natural agents. To control and monitor the environmental factors, sensors and actuators are necessary. Under these circumstances, these devices must be used to make a distributed measure, spreading sensors all over the greenhouse using distributed clustering. This paper reveals an idea of environmental monitoring and greenhouse control using a sensor network. The hardware implementation shows periodic monitoring and control of greenhouse gases in an enhanced manner. Future work is concentrated in application of the same mechanism using wireless sensor network.

  10. Distributed Motor Controller (DMC) for Operation in Extreme Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKinney, Colin M.; Yager, Jeremy A.; Mojarradi, Mohammad M.; Some, Rafi; Sirota, Allen; Kopf, Ted; Stern, Ryan; Hunter, Don

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents an extreme environment capable Distributed Motor Controller (DMC) module suitable for operation with a distributed architecture of future spacecraft systems. This motor controller is designed to be a bus-based electronics module capable of operating a single Brushless DC motor in extreme space environments: temperature (-120 C to +85 C required, -180 C to +100 C stretch goal); radiation (>;20K required, >;100KRad stretch goal); >;360 cycles of operation. Achieving this objective will result in a scalable modular configuration for motor control with enhanced reliability that will greatly lower cost during the design, fabrication and ATLO phases of future missions. Within the heart of the DMC lies a pair of cold-capable Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs) and a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) that enable its miniaturization and operation in extreme environments. The ASICs are fabricated in the IBM 0.5 micron Silicon Germanium (SiGe) BiCMOS process and are comprised of Analog circuitry to provide telemetry information, sensor interface, and health and status of DMC. The FPGA contains logic to provide motor control, status monitoring and spacecraft interface. The testing and characterization of these ASICs have yielded excellent functionality in cold temperatures (-135 C). The DMC module has demonstrated successful operation of a motor at temperature.

  11. Security Assessment of Web Based Distributed Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalin BOJA

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an overview about the evaluation of risks and vulnerabilities in a web based distributed application by emphasizing aspects concerning the process of security assessment with regards to the audit field. In the audit process, an important activity is dedicated to the measurement of the characteristics taken into consideration for evaluation. From this point of view, the quality of the audit process depends on the quality of assessment methods and techniques. By doing a review of the fields involved in the research process, the approach wants to reflect the main concerns that address the web based distributed applications using exploratory research techniques. The results show that many are the aspects which must carefully be worked with, across a distributed system and they can be revealed by doing a depth introspective analyze upon the information flow and internal processes that are part of the system. This paper reveals the limitations of a non-existing unified security risk assessment model that could prevent such risks and vulnerabilities debated. Based on such standardize models, secure web based distributed applications can be easily audited and many vulnerabilities which can appear due to the lack of access to information can be avoided.

  12. Node-based analysis of species distributions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borregaard, Michael Krabbe; Rahbek, Carsten; Fjeldså, Jon;

    2014-01-01

    with case studies on two groups with well-described biogeographical histories: a local-scale community data set of hummingbirds in the North Andes, and a large-scale data set of the distribution of all species of New World flycatchers. The node-based analysis of these two groups generates a set...

  13. Control and Estimation of Distributed Parameter Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Kappel, F; Kunisch, K

    1998-01-01

    Consisting of 23 refereed contributions, this volume offers a broad and diverse view of current research in control and estimation of partial differential equations. Topics addressed include, but are not limited to - control and stability of hyperbolic systems related to elasticity, linear and nonlinear; - control and identification of nonlinear parabolic systems; - exact and approximate controllability, and observability; - Pontryagin's maximum principle and dynamic programming in PDE; and - numerics pertinent to optimal and suboptimal control problems. This volume is primarily geared toward control theorists seeking information on the latest developments in their area of expertise. It may also serve as a stimulating reader to any researcher who wants to gain an impression of activities at the forefront of a vigorously expanding area in applied mathematics.

  14. Upconversion based receivers for quantum hacking resistant quantum key distribution

    OpenAIRE

    Jain, Nitin; Kanter, Gregory S.

    2015-01-01

    We propose a novel upconversion (sum frequency generation) based quantum-optical setup that can be employed as a receiver (Bob) in practical quantum key distribution systems. The pump governing the upconversion process is produced and utilized inside the physical receiver, making its access or control unrealistic for an external adversary (Eve). This pump facilitates several properties which permit Bob to define and control the modes that can participate in the quantum measurement. Furthermor...

  15. Supervisory Control and Diagnostics System Distributed Operating System

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper contains a description of the Supervisory Control and Diagnostics System (SCDS) Distributed Operating System. The SCDS consists of nine 32-bit minicomputers with shared memory. The system's main purpose is to control a large Mirror Fusion Test Facility

  16. Distributed Sensing and Cooperating Control for Swarms of Robotic vehicles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dohrmann, C.R.; Goldsmith, S.Y.; Hurtado, J.E.; Robinett, R.D.

    1998-10-09

    each agent sampling and sharing his information with others. Co- operative control is accomplished by each agent using its neighbors information to determine a control (or TECHNICAL DEVELOPMENT In this section we highlight the technical development of our distributed sensing and cooperative control ap- proach to effectively control a large swarm of au- tonomous, robotic vehicles. Recall that the agents are tasked with locating the chemical plume source within a chemical plume field. In our simulations, we assume that the agents are outfitted with a GPS sensor, which provides their cur- rent location, and a chemical "sniffer," which allows them to detect the strength of the chemical plume at their current location. Furthermore, we assume that the robots have onboard processing capability, and are able to communicate with one another via RF modems together with bit packing and error correction tech- niques, like those discussed by Lewis et al [4]. Thus, each agent is able to communicate and share informa- tion with all others (i.e., there is global communica- tion). In this mode, at a particular instant in time, the agents sample the chemical plume field and post this information and their current location for the oth- ers. The agents then assemble the information and de- termine a projected target of where they believe the chemical source is located. The position update for each agent is then based upon its current position and the position of the projected target.

  17. Capital Outflow Controls and Income Distribution in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Jarita Duasa

    2008-01-01

    The study seeks to analyze the impact of capital outflow controls, imposed by Malaysian government on September 1998, on income distribution. Regression analysis using OLS (Ordinary Least Square), 2SLS (Two Stages Least Square) and GMM (Generalised Method of Moment) methods of estimation reveals that the capital outflow controls reduce inequality of income distribution in the country. The controls are believed to result in improvement of export-led industries, through devaluation from control...

  18. Distributed control software of high-performance control-loop algorithm

    CERN Document Server

    Blanc, D

    1999-01-01

    The majority of industrial cooling and ventilation plants require the control of complex processes. All these processes are highly important for the operation of the machines. The stability and reliability of these processes are leading factors identifying the quality of the service provided. The control system architecture and software structure, as well, are required to have high dynamical performance and robust behaviour. The intelligent systems based on PID or RST controllers are used for their high level of stability and accuracy. The design and tuning of these complex controllers require the dynamic model of the plant to be known (generally obtained by identification) and the desired performance of the various control loops to be specified for achieving good performances. The concept of having a distributed control algorithm software provides full automation facilities with well-adapted functionality and good performances, giving methodology, means and tools to master the dynamic process optimization an...

  19. Agent Services for Situation Aware Control of Power Systems With Distributed Generation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Saleem, Arshad; Heussen, Kai; Lind, Morten

    2009-01-01

    services. We present results from several experiments where agents offer and utilize services in order to achieve distributed and autonomous control for subgrid operation of a distribution system. Finally it is discussed how the service oriented architecture can be combined with knowledge based reasoning...... to implement situation awareness required in complex control situations....

  20. Preventing Distribution Grid Congestion by Integrating Indirect Control in a Hierarchical Electric Vehicles Management System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hu, Junjie; Si, Chengyong; Lind, Morten;

    2016-01-01

    system where the upper level controller directly controls the lower level subordinated nodes, this study aims to integrate two common indirect control methods:market-based control and price-based control into the hierarchical electric vehicles management system. Specifically, on the lower level of the...... hierarchy, the distribution system operator uses the market-based control strategy to coordinate the limited power capacity of power transformer with fleet operators. To facilitate the application of the two indirect control methods into the system, a model describing decision tasks in control is used to...

  1. Evaluation of Corba for use in distributed control systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holloway, F W; P; Van Arsdall

    1999-02-18

    The Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA)-based Simulator was a Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project that applied simulation techniques to explore critical questions about advanced distributed control system architectures. A three-prong approach comprised of a study of object-oriented distribution tools, computer network modeling, and simulation of key control system scenarios was used in the LDRD project. This input report describes the first of the three approaches Ñ the study of object-oriented distribution tools together with measurements, and predictions of use within the National Ignition Facility (NIF) and some aspects of CORBA which remain to be resolved. For the ICCS, the completeness of suitable functionality, the speed of performance and utilization of machine and network resources, and the developing nature of the commercial CORBA products themselves, presented a certain risk. This LDRD thus evaluated CORBA in general, and a particular implementation, to determine its features, performance, and scaling properties, and to optimize its use within the ICCS. Both UNIX and real-time operating systems were studied.

  2. A Novel Secondary Control for Microgrid Based on Synergetic Control of Multi-Agent System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhiwen Yu

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In power systems, the secondary control is a very useful way to restore the system frequency and voltage to the rated value. This paper tries to propose a secondary frequency and voltage control of islanded microgrids based on the distributed synergetic control of multi-agent systems. In the proposed control, since each distributed generation only requires its own information and that of the neighbors, the secondary control is fully distributed. The system is more reliable because the central controller and complex communication network are reduced in the distributed structure. Based on multi-agent systems, the dynamic model is established, and distributed synergetic control algorithms are given to design the secondary control of the islanded microgrid. Meanwhile, the system has globally asymptotic stability under the proposed control, which is proved by the direct Lyapunov method. Simulation results about a test microgrid are given to verify the effectiveness of the proposed control.

  3. 7 CFR 253.10 - Commodity control, storage and distribution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... in relation to population density of eligible households. (10) Days and hours of distribution are... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Commodity control, storage and distribution. 253.10... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION ADMINISTRATION...

  4. LED luminaire with controlled light distribution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schertler, Donald J.; Sales, Tasso R. M.; Chakmakjian, Stephen; Morris, G. Michael

    2006-08-01

    Unless coupled with some collimating optics, LED sources generally scatter with wide-angle Lambertian intensity profiles. The luminous output of such sources is not amenable to control and redistribution in an efficient manner. In this work we present the design and manufacturing of structures that are able to collect virtually all light from Lambertian LED sources and direct it towards diffusers engineered to illuminate specific regions of space in a controlled fashion. The resulting "engineered luminaire" is thus capable of highly efficient light control and can be applied to a wide variety of illumination situations such as general and architectural lighting.

  5. Computational methods for the control of distributed parameter systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, J. A.; Cliff, E. M.; Powers, R. K.

    1986-01-01

    Finite dimensional approximation schemes that work well for distributed parameter systems are often not suitable for the analysis and implementation of feedback control systems. The relationship between approximation schemes for distributed parameter systems and their application to optimal control problems is discussed. A numerical example is given.

  6. Distributed Flight Controls for UAVs Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Two novel flight control actuation concepts for UAV applications are proposed for research and development, both of which incorporate shape memory alloy (SMA) wires...

  7. Distributed Flight Controls for UAVs Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Two novel flight control actuation concepts for UAV applications are proposed for prototype development, both of which incorporate shape memory alloy (SMA) wires as...

  8. Intelligent Control and Operation of Distribution System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bhattarai, Bishnu Prasad

    settings of the relays for every mode of operation using offline short circuit analysis and dispatches the settings to the respective relays. The adaptive stage in turn identifies the operating status of distributed energy resources and operating modes (grid-connected, islanded, network reconfiguration etc.......) in real time to adapt/activate proper settings. The performance of the developed method is demonstrated in a medium voltage distribution network using real time digital simulator. The simulation results demonstrated that the proposed adaptive protection approach reliably discriminate the faults...... network imposes potential problems. In particular, limited dispatchability of the RESs on top of intermittent generation is creating key scientific challenges to the research community. On the other hand, increased trends of electrifying heating, transportation and gas sectors have resulted in new...

  9. Distributed control of electric drives via Ehernet

    OpenAIRE

    Samaranayake, Lilantha

    2003-01-01

    This report presents the work carried out aiming towardsdistributed control of electric drives through a networkcommunication medium with temporal constraints, i.e, Ethernet.A general analysis on time delayed systems is carried out,using state space representation of systems in the discretetime domain. The effect of input time delays is identified andis used in the preceding controller designs. The main hardwareapplication focused in this study is a Brushless DC servomotor, whose speed contro...

  10. Using Game Theory for Distributed Control Engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Rantzer, Anders

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to show how ideas from game theory and economics may play an important role for decentralized controller design in complex engineering systems. The focus is on coordination through prices and iterative price adjustments using a gradient method. We give a quantitative bound on adjustment rates that is sufficient to guarantee global convergence towards a Nash equilibrium of control strategies. The equilibrium is an optimal solution to the corresponding team decision...

  11. Control of complex dynamics and chaos in distributed parameter systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chakravarti, S.; Marek, M.; Ray, W.H. [Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)

    1995-12-31

    This paper discusses a methodology for controlling complex dynamics and chaos in distributed parameter systems. The reaction-diffusion system with Brusselator kinetics, where the torus-doubling or quasi-periodic (two characteristic incommensurate frequencies) route to chaos exists in a defined range of parameter values, is used as an example. Poincare maps are used for characterization of quasi-periodic and chaotic attractors. The dominant modes or topos, which are inherent properties of the system, are identified by means of the Singular Value Decomposition. Tested modal feedback control schemas based on identified dominant spatial modes confirm the possibility of stabilization of simple quasi-periodic trajectories in the complex quasi-periodic or chaotic spatiotemporal patterns.

  12. Implementation of Agent Based Dynamic Distributed Service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.Damodaram

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The concept of distributed computing implies a network / internet-work of independent nodes which are logically configured in such a manner as to be seen as one machine by an application. They have been implemented in many varying forms and configurations, for the optimal processing of data. Agents and multi-agent systems are useful in modeling complex distributed processes. They focus on support for (the development of large-scale, secure, and heterogeneous distributed systems. They are expected to abstract both hardware and software vis-à-vis distributed systems. For optimizing the use of the tremendous increase in processing power, bandwidth, and memory that technology is placing in the hands of the designer, a Dynamically Distributed Service (to be positioned as a service to a network / internet-work is proposed. The service will conceptually migrate an application on to different nodes. In this paper, we present the design and implementation of an inter-mobility (migration mechanism for agents. This migration is based on FIPA ACL messages. We also evaluate the performance of this implementation.

  13. Declarative flow control for distributed instrumentation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parvin, Bahram; Taylor, John; Fontenay, Gerald; Callahan, Daniel

    2001-06-01

    We have developed a 'microscopy channel' to advertise a unique set of on-line scientific instruments and to let users join a particular session, perform an experiment, collaborate with other users, and collect data for further analysis. The channel is a collaborative problem solving environment (CPSE) that allows for both synchronous and asynchronous collaboration, as well as flow control for enhanced scalability. The flow control is a declarative feature that enhances software functionality at the experimental scale. Our testbed includes several unique electron and optical microscopes with applications ranging from material science to cell biology. We have built a system that leverages current commercial CORBA services, Web Servers, and flow control specifications to meet diverse requirements for microscopy and experimental protocols. In this context, we have defined and enhanced Instrument Services (IS), Exchange Services (ES), Computational Services (CS), and Declarative Services (DS) that sit on top of CORBA and its enabling services (naming, trading, security, and notification) IS provides a layer of abstraction for controlling any type of microscope. ES provides a common set of utilities for information management and transaction. CS provides the analytical capabilities needed for online microscopy. DS provides mechanisms for flow control for improving the dynamic behavior of the system.

  14. Supervisory control system based on PC applied to substations automatization of and to regional operation centers of distribution networks; Sistema de control supervisorio basado en PC aplicado en automatizacion de subestaciones y centros de operacion regional de redes de distribucion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Picasso B, Cuitlahuac [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca, Morelos (Mexico); Astorga Q, Clemente [Luz y Fuerza del Centro (Mexico)

    2003-07-01

    In order to increase the services quality in the electrical energy, to improve the process of identification of energy losses, to increase the equipment efficiency, to count on more complete statistics of profiles of load consumptions, among other applications, the Compania de Luz y Fuerza del Centro (LyFC) carries out the modernization in automatization of substations and regional operation centers of distribution networks. The technological base to make these programs requires automating the operative schemes of the substation and distribution centers that supervise the events of the electrical process. In this article the main results of the development and integration of master stations based on PC, that were made in the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas (IIE) and that have been integrated in the electrical company LyFC are presented. [Spanish] Con el proposito de incrementar la calidad de los servicios en la energia electrica, mejorar el proceso de identificacion de perdidas de energia, aumentar la eficiencia de los equipos, contar con estadisticas mas completas de perfiles de consumos de carga, entre otras aplicaciones, la Compania de Luz y Fuerza del Centro (LyFC) lleva a cabo la modernizacion en automatizacion de subestaciones y centros de operacion regional de redes electricas de distribucion. La base tecnologica para realizar estos programas, requiere de automatizar los esquemas operativos de la subestacion y centros de distribucion que supervisan los eventos del proceso electrico. En este articulo se presentan los principales resultados del desarrollo e integracion de estaciones maestras basadas en PC, que se realizaron en el Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas (IIE) y que se han integrado en la compania electrica LyFC.

  15. Honeywell experience in distributed control system design and implementation in fossil and nuclear plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The process control industry has experienced a major transition in control systems technology based on microprocessor digital control. The microprocessor technology coupled with similar advancements in communications, software compilers, advanced software design tools, and advanced control theory has resulted in a wide range system architectures and functional distributions available. This transition has resulted in requiring new methods of developing, designing and implementing control systems. Also, these methods have provided a marked improvement in reliability and stability of the new control systems. Honeywell's ten years of experience in microprocessor based control is discussed and this experience in microprocessor based control to the nuclear industry effort is related. The recent TDC 3000 development, the design considerations, and implementation experience are described. Based on this experience, a summary of key design criteria for specification and evaluation of distributed digital control systems is discussed

  16. Decomposition methods for distributed control and identification

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Massioni, P.

    2010-01-01

    The recent progress in technology, as in miniaturization and microtechnologies, is now forcing control engineers to confront themselves with systems of incredibly high dimensionality, with an ever growing number of input and output channels. For such systems, which we call "large scale systems", it

  17. Distributed control systems with incomplete and uncertain information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Jingpeng

    Scientific and engineering advances in wireless communication, sensors, propulsion, and other areas are rapidly making it possible to develop unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) with sophisticated capabilities. UAVs have come to the forefront as tools for airborne reconnaissance to search for, detect, and destroy enemy targets in relatively complex environments. They potentially reduce risk to human life, are cost effective, and are superior to manned aircraft for certain types of missions. It is desirable for UAVs to have a high level of intelligent autonomy to carry out mission tasks with little external supervision and control. This raises important issues involving tradeoffs between centralized control and the associated potential to optimize mission plans, and decentralized control with great robustness and the potential to adapt to changing conditions. UAV capabilities have been extended several ways through armament (e.g., Hellfire missiles on Predator UAVs), increased endurance and altitude (e.g., Global Hawk), and greater autonomy. Some known barriers to full-scale implementation of UAVs are increased communication and control requirements as well as increased platform and system complexity. One of the key problems is how UAV systems can handle incomplete and uncertain information in dynamic environments. Especially when the system is composed of heterogeneous and distributed UAVs, the overall system complexity is increased under such conditions. Presented through the use of published papers, this dissertation lays the groundwork for the study of methodologies for handling incomplete and uncertain information for distributed control systems. An agent-based simulation framework is built to investigate mathematical approaches (optimization) and emergent intelligence approaches. The first paper provides a mathematical approach for systems of UAVs to handle incomplete and uncertain information. The second paper describes an emergent intelligence approach for UAVs

  18. COORDINATED VOLTAGE CONTROL OF DISTRIBUTION NETWORKS HOSTING DISPERSED GENERATION

    OpenAIRE

    Van Cutsem, Thierry; Valverde, Gustavo

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a centralized control scheme to regulate distribution network voltages in the presence of dispersed generation. The algorithm resorts to model predictive control to smoothly bring unsatisfactory voltages inside the desired range of values. Using a sensitivity model, the controller calculates optimal power output changes of distributed generators to correct the network voltages, giving priority to reactive over active power. Simulations results are presented on a 32-bus tes...

  19. Distributed Smart Grid Asset Control Strategies for Providing Ancillary Services

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kalsi, Karanjit; Zhang, Wei; Lian, Jianming; Marinovici, Laurentiu D.; Moya, Christian; Dagle, Jeffery E.

    2013-10-30

    With large-scale plans to integrate renewable generation driven mainly by state-level renewable portfolio requirements, more resources will be needed to compensate for the uncertainty and variability associated with intermittent generation resources. Distributed assets can be used to mitigate the concerns associated with renewable energy resources and to keep costs down. Under such conditions, performing primary frequency control using only supply-side resources becomes not only prohibitively expensive but also technically difficult. It is therefore important to explore how a sufficient proportion of the loads could assume a routine role in primary frequency control to maintain the stability of the system at an acceptable cost. The main objective of this project is to develop a novel hierarchical distributed framework for frequency based load control. The framework involves two decision layers. The top decision layer determines the optimal gain for aggregated loads for each load bus. The gains are computed using decentralized robust control methods, and will be broadcast to the corresponding participating loads every control period. The second layer consists of a large number of heterogeneous devices, which switch probabilistically during contingencies so that aggregated power change matches the desired amount according to the most recently received gains. The simulation results show great potential to enable systematic design of demand-side primary frequency control with stability guarantees on the overall power system. The proposed design systematically accounts for the interactions between the total load response and bulk power system frequency dynamics. It also guarantees frequency stability under a wide range of time varying operating conditions. The local device-level load response rules fully respect the device constraints (such as temperature setpoint, compressor time delays of HVACs, or arrival and departure of the deferrable loads), which are crucial for

  20. Control Architecture for Intentional Island Operation in Distribution Network with High Penetration of Distributed Generation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chen, Yu

    to utilize them for maintaining the security of the power supply under the emergency situations, has been of great interest for study. One proposal is the intentional island operation. This PhD project is intended to develop a control architecture for the island operation in distribution system with high...... amount of DGs. As part of the NextGen project, this project focuses on the system modeling and simulation regarding the control architecture and recommends the development of a communication and information exchange system based on IEC 61850. This thesis starts with the background of this PhD project...... Architecture with its associated coordination scheme (ICA) is designed. Moreover, an investigation of different factors that affect the ISR concept is performed, and different case studies about the ICA demonstration are conducted in DIgSILENT/ PowerFactory. Both the 2-Dimension ISR (with one lumped generator...

  1. Two-stage pH control strategy based on the pH preference of acetoin reductase regulates acetoin and 2,3-butanediol distribution in Bacillus subtilis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xian Zhang

    Full Text Available Acetoin reductase/2,3-butanediol dehydrogenase (AR/BDH, which catalyzes the interconversion between acetoin and 2,3-butanediol, plays an important role in distribution of the products pools. This work characterized the Bacillus subtilis AR/BDH for the first time. The enzyme showed very different pH preferences of pH 6.5 for reduction and pH 8.5 for oxidation. Based on these above results, a two-stage pH control strategy was optimized for acetoin production, in which the pH was controlled at 6.5 for quickly converting glucose to acetoin and 2,3-butanediol, and then 8.0 for reversely transforming 2,3-butanediol to acetoin. By over-expression of AR/BDH in the wild-type B. subtilis JNA 3-10 and applying fed-batch fermentation based on the two-stage pH control strategy, acetoin yield of B. subtilis was improved to a new record of 73.6 g/l, with the productivity of 0.77 g/(l · h. The molar yield of acetoin was improved from 57.5% to 83.5% and the ratio of acetoin/2,3-butanediol was switched from 2.7:1 to 18.0:1.

  2. Distributed structural control using multilayered piezoelectric actuators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cudney, Harley H.; Inman, Daniel J.; Oshman, Yaakov

    1990-01-01

    A method of segmenting piezoelectric sensors and actuators is proposed which can preclude the currently experienced cancelation of sensor signals, or the reduction of actuator effectiveness, due to the integration of the property undergoing measurement or control. The segmentation method is demonstrated by a model developed for beam structures, to which multiple layers of piezoelectric materials are attached. A numerical study is undertaken of increasing active and passive damping of a beam using the segmented sensors and actuators over unsegmented sensors and actuators.

  3. A distributed timing system for synchronizing control and data correlation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Synchronization is necessary in experimental physics machines to provide positive control over related events. The Ground Test Accelerator (GTA) timing system provides this function through a distributed control system, known as the Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS). The EPICS timing system was designed to take advantage of a distributed architecture, and provides time stamping for synchronous data correlation as well as event control. The system has been successfully demonstrated on over a dozen controller nodes for operation and data analysis. The design of the hardware, software, and operational results are discussed. (author). 2 refs., 4 figs

  4. Replacement of the complete control system of the NPP Oskarshamn 1 by digital distributed control system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As part of an ongoing modernization program, Oskarshamn 1's I and C system and control room will be upgraded by ABB using its Advant Power range of digital, programmable process control system. Besides ensuring the higher level of safety that is demanded today, the new equipment provides the plant with an integrated system which will improve operator overview of operation and reduce risk of human error and serve as a platform for further improvements of the control room. This paper discusses in the example of Oskarshamn 1 how the complete control system of a nuclear power plant may be exchanged, the technical solution and the time schedule. Oskarshamn 1 is the first nuclear power plant in Sweden. It is a boiling water reactor built by ABB ATOM in Sweden between 1966 and 1971. According to this age the control system is semiconductor based and the reactor protection system is relays based. This makes the maintenance expensive and extensions nearly impossible. To extend the life period of this plant the owner has decided to improve the safety system and to replace the reactor protection system and safety related control and the non safety related control by a state of the art digital distributed control system of ABB. In March 1997 ABB got the order to replace the reactor protection system, the safety control system, to start the replacement of all control systems and to replace the old control room by a new ergonomically designed control room. Together with the exchange of the control system an enhancement of the safety system and of the emergency power supply will be implemented

  5. Resonance analysis in parallel voltage-controlled Distributed Generation inverters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Xiongfei; Blaabjerg, Frede; Chen, Zhe;

    2013-01-01

    Thanks to the fast responses of the inner voltage and current control loops, the dynamic behaviors of parallel voltage-controlled Distributed Generation (DG) inverters not only relies on the stability of load sharing among them, but subjects to the interactions between the voltage control loops of...

  6. Solid-state high voltage, DC power distribution and control

    CERN Document Server

    Gaudreau, M P J; Hawkey, T J; Kempkes, M A; Mulvaney, J M; Ver Planck, P

    1999-01-01

    Future high voltage, high power systems in the early stages of planning include U.S. large accelerator programs such as the Next Linear Collider (NLC), Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), and international systems at DESY, CERN and KEK. There are also many nuclear fusion and multi-megawatt systems proposed for construction or upgrade. Each of these programs faces the challenge of distributing and controlling the high power required by tens to hundreds of RF amplifier tubes (e.g., klystrons) cost effectively. In this paper, we present a new approach for distributing and modulating power based upon recent technological developments in high voltage, high power, solid state switching. DTI's development of fast, high voltage, opening and closing solid state switches enable, for the first time at high voltage, a nearly lossless "DC transformer". With this DC transformer (i.e., down converter or buck regulator), it is now possible to distribute unregulated high voltage DC power in a large facility, and regulate and con...

  7. Distributing Planning and Control for Teams of Cooperating Mobile Robots

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parker, L.E.

    2004-07-19

    This CRADA project involved the cooperative research of investigators in ORNL's Center for Engineering Science Advanced Research (CESAR) with researchers at Caterpillar, Inc. The subject of the research was the development of cooperative control strategies for autonomous vehicles performing applications of interest to Caterpillar customers. The project involved three Phases of research, conducted over the time period of November 1998 through December 2001. This project led to the successful development of several technologies and demonstrations in realistic simulation that illustrated the effectiveness of our control approaches for distributed planning and cooperation in multi-robot teams. The primary objectives of this research project were to: (1) Develop autonomous control technologies to enable multiple vehicles to work together cooperatively, (2) Provide the foundational capabilities for a human operator to exercise oversight and guidance during the multi-vehicle task execution, and (3) Integrate these capabilities to the ALLIANCE-based autonomous control approach for multi-robot teams. These objectives have been successfully met with the results implemented and demonstrated in a near real-time multi-vehicle simulation of up to four vehicles performing mission-relevant tasks.

  8. Distributed Access Control Policies for Spectrum Sharing

    OpenAIRE

    Baldini, Gianmarco; NAI-FOVINO Igor; Trombetta, Alberto; Braghin, Stefano

    2012-01-01

    Cognitive Radio (CR) is a novel wireless communication technology that allows for adaptive configuration of the reception parameters of a terminal, based on the information collected from the environment. Cognitive radio (CR) technology can be used in innovative spectrum management approaches like spectrum sharing, where radio frequency spectral bands can be shared among various users through a dynamic exclusive-use spectrum access model. Spectrum sharing can be applied to various...

  9. Coordination mechanisms for inventory control in three-echelon serial and distribution systems

    OpenAIRE

    Zijm, W.H.M.; Timmer, J.B.

    2004-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the coordination of inventory control in three-echelon serial and distribution systems under decentralized control. All installations in these supply chains track echelon inventories. Under decentralized control the installations will decide upon base stock levels that minimize their own inventory costs. In general these levels do not coincide with the optimal base stock levels in the global optimum of the chain under centralized control. Hence, the total cost und...

  10. Finite Time Control for Fractional Order Nonlinear Hydroturbine Governing System via Frequency Distributed Model

    OpenAIRE

    Bin Wang; Lin Yin; Shaojie Wang; Shirui Miao; Tantan Du; Chao Zuo

    2016-01-01

    This paper studies the application of frequency distributed model for finite time control of a fractional order nonlinear hydroturbine governing system (HGS). Firstly, the mathematical model of HGS with external random disturbances is introduced. Secondly, a novel terminal sliding surface is proposed and its stability to origin is proved based on the frequency distributed model and Lyapunov stability theory. Furthermore, based on finite time stability and sliding mode control theory, a robust...

  11. Error Correcting Codes for Distributed Control

    CERN Document Server

    Sukhavasi, Ravi Teja

    2011-01-01

    The problem of stabilizing an unstable plant over a noisy communication link is an increasingly important one that arises in applications of networked control systems. Although the work of Schulman and Sahai over the past two decades, and their development of the notions of "tree codes"\\phantom{} and "anytime capacity", provides the theoretical framework for studying such problems, there has been scant practical progress in this area because explicit constructions of tree codes with efficient encoding and decoding did not exist. To stabilize an unstable plant driven by bounded noise over a noisy channel one needs real-time encoding and real-time decoding and a reliability which increases exponentially with decoding delay, which is what tree codes guarantee. We prove that linear tree codes occur with high probability and, for erasure channels, give an explicit construction with an expected decoding complexity that is constant per time instant. We give novel sufficient conditions on the rate and reliability req...

  12. Distributed Control Architecture for Gas Turbine Engine. Chapter 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Culley, Dennis; Garg, Sanjay

    2009-01-01

    The transformation of engine control systems from centralized to distributed architecture is both necessary and enabling for future aeropropulsion applications. The continued growth of adaptive control applications and the trend to smaller, light weight cores is a counter influence on the weight and volume of control system hardware. A distributed engine control system using high temperature electronics and open systems communications will reverse the growing trend of control system weight ratio to total engine weight and also be a major factor in decreasing overall cost of ownership for aeropropulsion systems. The implementation of distributed engine control is not without significant challenges. There are the needs for high temperature electronics, development of simple, robust communications, and power supply for the on-board electronics.

  13. Verifiable Distribution of Material Goods Based on Cryptology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radomír Palovský

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Counterfeiting of material goods is a general problem. In this paper an architecture for verifiable distribution of material goods is presented. This distribution is based on printing such a QR code on goods, which would contain digitally signed serial number of the product, and validity of this digital signature could be verifiable by a customer. Extension consisting of adding digital signatures to revenue stamps used for state-controlled goods is also presented. Discussion on possibilities in making copies leads to conclusion that cryptographic security needs to be completed by technical difficulties of copying.

  14. Quantum key distribution using card, base station and trusted authority

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nordholt, Jane Elizabeth; Hughes, Richard John; Newell, Raymond Thorson; Peterson, Charles Glen; Rosenberg, Danna; McCabe, Kevin Peter; Tyagi, Kush T; Dallman, Nicholas

    2015-04-07

    Techniques and tools for quantum key distribution ("QKD") between a quantum communication ("QC") card, base station and trusted authority are described herein. In example implementations, a QC card contains a miniaturized QC transmitter and couples with a base station. The base station provides a network connection with the trusted authority and can also provide electric power to the QC card. When coupled to the base station, after authentication by the trusted authority, the QC card acquires keys through QKD with a trusted authority. The keys can be used to set up secure communication, for authentication, for access control, or for other purposes. The QC card can be implemented as part of a smart phone or other mobile computing device, or the QC card can be used as a fillgun for distribution of the keys.

  15. Performance Probability Distributions for Sediment Control Best Management Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrell, L.; Beighley, R.; Walsh, K.

    2007-12-01

    Controlling soil erosion and sediment transport can be a significant challenge during the construction process due to the extent and conditions of bare, disturbed soils. Best Management Practices (BMPs) are used as the framework for the design of sediment discharge prevention systems in stormwater pollution prevention plans which are typically required for construction sites. This research focuses on commonly-used BMP systems for perimeter control of sediment export: silt fences and fiber rolls. Although these systems are widely used, the physical and engineering parameters describing their performance are not well understood. Performance expectations are based on manufacturer results, but due to the dynamic conditions that exist on a construction site performance expectations are not always achievable in the field. Based on experimental results product performance is shown to be highly variable. Experiments using the same installation procedures show inconsistent sediment removal performances ranging from (>)85 percent to zero. The goal of this research is to improve the determination of off-site sediment yield based on probabilistic performance results of perimeter control BMPs. BMPs are evaluated in the Soil Erosion Research Laboratory (SERL) in the Civil and Environmental Engineering department at San Diego State University. SERL experiments are performed on a 3-m by 10-m tilting soil bed with a soil depth of 0.5 meters and a slope of 33 percent. The simulated storm event consists of 17 mm/hr for 20 minutes followed by 51 mm/hr for 30 minutes. The storm event is based on an ASTM design storm intended to simulate BMP failures. BMP performance is assessed based on experiments where BMPs are installed per manufacture specifications, less than optimal installations, and no treatment conditions. Preliminary results from 30 experiments are presented and used to develop probability distributions for BMP sediment removal efficiencies. The results are then combined with

  16. Distributed Control Architectures for Precision Spacecraft Formations Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — LaunchPoint Technologies, Inc. (LaunchPoint) proposes to develop synthesis methods and design architectures for distributed control systems in precision spacecraft...

  17. Real-time and fault tolerance in distributed control software

    OpenAIRE

    Orlic, B.; Broenink, J. F.

    2003-01-01

    Closed loop control systems typically contain multitude of spatially distributed sensors and actuators operated simultaneously. So those systems are parallel and distributed in their essence. But mapping this parallelism onto the given distributed hardware architecture, brings in some additional requirements: safe multithreading, optimal process allocation, real-time scheduling of bus and network resources. Nowadays, fault tolerance methods and fast even online reconfiguration are becoming in...

  18. 仿生六足机器人基于足力分布的位姿调整策略%Posture control strategy based on force distribution for bionic six-legged robot

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海清; 刘玉斌; 张赫; 陈杰; 赵杰

    2012-01-01

    针对六足机器人非结构化地形稳定步行问题,研究了基于足力分布的位姿调整策略.通过力学分析建立了机器人任意步态模式下的足力分布模型,获得足底受力的平衡关系;采用重心位置调整策略实现了机器人步行过程中的位姿优化,来提高步行稳定性;并且建立了虚拟悬挂模型,采用足力补偿的方法对外界的扰动进行抑制,进一步提高机器人步行的稳定性.通过仿真验证了该调整策略对提高机器人步行稳定裕度的有效性.%This paper proposed a posture control strategy based on force distribution for the purpose of keeping the posture stability of six - legged robot when the robot was walking on irregular terrain. This strategy considered of establishing the force distribution model on any gait patterns to obtain the balance relationship of plantar forces, and adjusted COG (center of gravity) to achieve optimal posture control. Applied force compensation on the basis of a virtual suspension model to achieve disturbance rejection. This strategy could effectively improve the walking stability of robot on irregular terrain. Adams simulations verified the effectiveness of the control strategy to improve the robot walking stability margin.

  19. Design of safety distributed control under bounded time-varying communication delay

    OpenAIRE

    Bresch-Pietri, Delphine; Del Vecchio, Domitilla

    2014-01-01

    This paper addresses the design of a distributed safety controller for two agents, subject to communication delay. The control objective is to ensure safety, meaning that the state of the two-agent system does not enter an undesired set in the state space. Our approach is based on the computation of the complementary set to the maximal controlled invariant set, and on a state estimation procedure which guarantees control agreement between the two agents. We solve the safety control problem fo...

  20. Dynamics of the Kuramoto equation with spatially distributed control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kashchenko, Ilia; Kaschenko, Sergey

    2016-05-01

    We consider the scalar complex equation with spatially distributed control. Its dynamical properties are studied by asymptotic methods when the control coefficient is either sufficiently large or sufficiently small and the function of distribution is either almost symmetric or significantly nonsymmetric relative to zero. In all cases we reduce original equation to quasinormal form - the family of special parabolic equations, which do not contain big and small parameters, which nonlocal dynamics determines the behaviour of solutions of the original equation.

  1. ANALISIS OF THE NONLINEAR DISTRIBUTED CONTROL SYSTEM'S SUSTAINABILITY

    OpenAIRE

    Alexander B. Chernyshev; Karina V. Martirosyan; Alexander V. Martirosyan

    2014-01-01

    Systems' stability is the topical issue of control systems' development province. In this study the research of methodology of the nonlinear distributed control systems' stability assessment is conducted. Research of the standard distributed links' frequency surfaces is executed, limit characteristics of the parameters influencing by sight of spatial hodograph are investigated. The purpose of the work is to present the new method of systems' stability assessment and to the results of its usin...

  2. Power distribution monitoring and control in 500 MWe PHWR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 500 MWe Indian Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor (PHWR) is expected to be commissioned in a few years. It has a relatively large sized core with complex material distribution in comparison to the currently operating 220 MWe PHWRs. The resulting neutronically loosely coupled system demands continuous control of the core power distribution. This paper gives a brief description and analysis of the reactor monitoring and control system proposed for this reactor. (author). 11 refs, 8 figs, 3 tabs

  3. A local distribution based spatial clustering algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, Min; Liu, Qiliang; Li, Guangqiang; Cheng, Tao

    2009-10-01

    Spatial clustering is an important means for spatial data mining and spatial analysis, and it can be used to discover the potential spatial association rules and outliers among the spatial data. Most existing spatial clustering algorithms only utilize the spatial distance or local density to find the spatial clusters in a spatial database, without taking the spatial local distribution characters into account, so that the clustered results are unreasonable in many cases. To overcome such limitations, this paper develops a new indicator (i.e. local median angle) to measure the local distribution at first, and further proposes a new algorithm, called local distribution based spatial clustering algorithm (LDBSC in abbreviation). In the process of spatial clustering, a series of recursive search are implemented for all the entities so that those entities with its local median angle being very close or equal are clustered. In this way, all the spatial entities in the spatial database can be automatically divided into some clusters. Finally, two tests are implemented to demonstrate that the method proposed in this paper is more prominent than DBSCAN, as well as that it is very robust and feasible, and can be used to find the clusters with different shapes.

  4. Tools for the Automation of Large Distributed Control Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Gaspar, Clara

    2005-01-01

    The new LHC experiments at CERN will have very large numbers of channels to operate. In order to be able to configure and monitor such large systems, a high degree of parallelism is necessary. The control system is built as a hierarchy of sub-systems distributed over several computers. A toolkit - SMI++, combining two approaches: finite state machines and rule-based programming, allows for the description of the various sub-systems as decentralized deciding entities, reacting is real-time to changes in the system, thus providing for the automation of standard procedures and for the automatic recovery from error conditions in a hierarchical fashion. In this paper we will describe the principles and features of SMI++ as well as its integration with an industrial SCADA tool for use by the LHC experiments and we will try to show that such tools, can provide a very convenient mechanism for the automation of large scale, high complexity, applications.

  5. A new HBMO algorithm for multiobjective daily Volt/Var control in distribution systems considering Distributed Generators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Niknam, Taher [Electrical and Electronics Engineering Department, Shiraz University of Technology, Modars Blvd. P.O. 71555-313, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2011-03-15

    In recent years, Distributed Generators (DGs) connected to the distribution network have received increasing attention. The connection of enormous DGs into existing distribution network changes the operation of distribution systems. Because of the small X/R ratio and radial structure of distribution systems, DGs affect the daily Volt/Var control. This paper presents a new algorithm for multiobjective daily Volt/Var control in distribution systems including Distributed Generators (DGs). The objectives are costs of energy generation by DGs and distribution companies, electrical energy losses and the voltage deviations for the next day. A new optimization algorithm based on a Chaotic Improved Honey Bee Mating Optimization (CIHBMO) is proposed to determine the active power values of DGs, reactive power values of capacitors and tap positions of transformers for the next day. Since objectives are not the same, a fuzzy system is used to calculate the best solution. The plausibility of the proposed algorithm is demonstrated and its performance is compared with other methods on a 69-bus distribution feeder. Simulation results illustrate that the proposed algorithm has better outperforms the other algorithms. (author)

  6. A new HBMO algorithm for multiobjective daily Volt/Var control in distribution systems considering Distributed Generators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In recent years, Distributed Generators (DGs) connected to the distribution network have received increasing attention. The connection of enormous DGs into existing distribution network changes the operation of distribution systems. Because of the small X/R ratio and radial structure of distribution systems, DGs affect the daily Volt/Var control. This paper presents a new algorithm for multiobjective daily Volt/Var control in distribution systems including Distributed Generators (DGs). The objectives are costs of energy generation by DGs and distribution companies, electrical energy losses and the voltage deviations for the next day. A new optimization algorithm based on a Chaotic Improved Honey Bee Mating Optimization (CIHBMO) is proposed to determine the active power values of DGs, reactive power values of capacitors and tap positions of transformers for the next day. Since objectives are not the same, a fuzzy system is used to calculate the best solution. The plausibility of the proposed algorithm is demonstrated and its performance is compared with other methods on a 69-bus distribution feeder. Simulation results illustrate that the proposed algorithm has better outperforms the other algorithms.

  7. Congestion Control Algorithm in Distribution Feeders: Integration in a Distribution Management System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tine L. Vandoorn

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The increasing share of distributed energy resources poses a challenge to the distribution network operator (DNO to maintain the current availability of the system while limiting the investment costs. Related to this, there is a clear trend in DNOs trying to better monitor their grid by installing a distribution management system (DMS. This DMS enables the DNOs to remotely switch their network or better localize and solve faults. Moreover, the DMS can be used to centrally control the grid assets. Therefore, in this paper, a control strategy is discussed that can be implemented in the DMS for solving current congestion problems posed by the increasing share of renewables in the grid. This control strategy controls wind turbines in order to avoid congestion while mitigating the required investment costs in order to achieve a global cost-efficient solution. Next to the application and objective of the control, the parameter tuning of the control algorithm is discussed.

  8. Cybersecurity through Real-Time Distributed Control Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kisner, Roger A [ORNL; Manges, Wayne W [ORNL; MacIntyre, Lawrence Paul [ORNL; Nutaro, James J [ORNL; Munro Jr, John K [ORNL; Ewing, Paul D [ORNL; Howlader, Mostofa [ORNL; Kuruganti, Phani Teja [ORNL; Wallace, Richard M [ORNL; Olama, Mohammed M [ORNL

    2010-04-01

    Critical infrastructure sites and facilities are becoming increasingly dependent on interconnected physical and cyber-based real-time distributed control systems (RTDCSs). A mounting cybersecurity threat results from the nature of these ubiquitous and sometimes unrestrained communications interconnections. Much work is under way in numerous organizations to characterize the cyber threat, determine means to minimize risk, and develop mitigation strategies to address potential consequences. While it seems natural that a simple application of cyber-protection methods derived from corporate business information technology (IT) domain would lead to an acceptable solution, the reality is that the characteristics of RTDCSs make many of those methods inadequate and unsatisfactory or even harmful. A solution lies in developing a defense-in-depth approach that ranges from protection at communications interconnect levels ultimately to the control system s functional characteristics that are designed to maintain control in the face of malicious intrusion. This paper summarizes the nature of RTDCSs from a cybersecurity perspec tive and discusses issues, vulnerabilities, candidate mitigation approaches, and metrics.

  9. A Review of Router based Congestion Control Algorithms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vandana Kushwaha

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a study of Router based Congestion control approaches in wired network. As network is considered as a distributed system, any problem arises in such a system requires a distributed solution. Thus for good congestion control in the network we also need a solution distributed at source as well as router ends. The purpose of this study is to review the router based Congestion control research for wired network and characterize the different approaches to Congestion control design, by considering their advantages and limitations.

  10. DCP, a distributed-control polling mac protocol

    OpenAIRE

    Conti, Marco; Gregori, Enrico; Lenzini, Luciano

    1990-01-01

    This paper describes and analyzes a novel MAC protocol named Distributed-Control Polling (DCP), which has been designed to bring together the most interesting features of distributed-control MAC protocols (e.g., DQDB) and centralized token-passing MAC protocols (e.g. FASNET, FDDI, EXPRESS_NET). From the fully?distributed MAC protocols, DCP acquires the capability to guarantee both a complete utilization of the medium capacity and an access delay of only a few slots at light loads. From the ce...

  11. Congestion Control Algorithm in Distribution Feeders: Integration in a Distribution Management System

    OpenAIRE

    Tine L. Vandoorn; Jan Van de Vyver; Louis Gevaert; Lieven Degroote; Lieven Vandevelde

    2015-01-01

    The increasing share of distributed energy resources poses a challenge to the distribution network operator (DNO) to maintain the current availability of the system while limiting the investment costs. Related to this, there is a clear trend in DNOs trying to better monitor their grid by installing a distribution management system (DMS). This DMS enables the DNOs to remotely switch their network or better localize and solve faults. Moreover, the DMS can be used to centrally control the grid a...

  12. Optimal reactive power and voltage control in distribution networks with distributed generators by fuzzy adaptive hybrid particle swarm optimisation method

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chen, Shuheng; Hu, Weihao; Su, Chi;

    2015-01-01

    A new and efficient methodology for optimal reactive power and voltage control of distribution networks with distributed generators based on fuzzy adaptive hybrid PSO (FAHPSO) is proposed. The objective is to minimize comprehensive cost, consisting of power loss and operation cost of transformers...... and capacitors, and subject to constraints such as minimum and maximum reactive power limits of distributed generators, maximum deviation of bus voltages, maximum allowable daily switching operation number (MADSON). Particle swarm optimization (PSO) is used to solve the corresponding mixed integer non...

  13. Supervisor localization a top-down approach to distributed control of discrete-event systems

    CERN Document Server

    Cai, Kai

    2016-01-01

    This monograph presents a systematic top-down approach to distributed control synthesis of discrete-event systems (DES). The approach is called supervisor localization; its essence is the allocation of external supervisory control action to individual component agents as their internal control strategies. The procedure is: first synthesize a monolithic supervisor, to achieve globally optimal and nonblocking controlled behavior, then decompose the monolithic supervisor into local controllers, one for each agent. The collective behavior of the resulting local controllers is identical to that achieved by the monolithic supervisor. The basic localization theory is first presented in the Ramadge–Wonham language-based supervisory control framework, then demonstrated with distributed control examples of multi-robot formations, manufacturing systems, and distributed algorithms. An architectural approach is adopted to apply localization to large-scale DES; this yields a heterarchical localization procedure, which is...

  14. ANALISIS OF THE NONLINEAR DISTRIBUTED CONTROL SYSTEM'S SUSTAINABILITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander B. Chernyshev

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Systems' stability is the topical issue of control systems' development province. In this study the research of methodology of the nonlinear distributed control systems' stability assessment is conducted. Research of the standard distributed links' frequency surfaces is executed, limit characteristics of the parameters influencing by sight of spatial hodograph are investigated. The purpose of the work is to present the new method of systems' stability assessment and to the results of its using. The offered method of the absolute stability analysis for a class of systems with the distributed parameters allows to investigate the dynamic characteristics of the nonlinear distributed control systems. The specified method is received on the basis of frequency methods and representation of straight line's slope limiting sector of the nonlinear characteristic in the form of a spatial and amplified-extensive section. On the basis of the modeling results studying the general method of stability assessment, which can be used for the models of nonlinear control systems considered in work is offered. The criterion of nonlinear distributed control systems' absolute stability with the nonlinear characteristic independent of object's spatial coordinates is formulated and described. Results of this method's application for the analysis of the nonlinear distributed systems' stability which proves the method's assurance are considered.

  15. Web based remote instrumentation and control

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Web-based technology provides a very powerful communication medium for transmitting effectively multimedia information containing data generated from various sources, which may be in the form of audio, video, text, still or moving images etc. Large number of sophisticated web based software tools are available that can be used to monitor and control distributed electronic instrumentation projects. For example data can be collected online from various smart sensors/instruments such as images from CCD camera, pressure/ humidity sensor, light intensity transducer, smoke detectors etc and uploaded in real time to a central web server. This information can be processed further, to take control action in real time from any remote client, of course with due security care. The web-based technology offers greater flexibility, higher functionality, and high degree of integration providing standardization. Further easy to use standard browser based interface at the client end to monitor, view and control the desired process parameters allow you to cut down the development time and cost to a great extent. A system based on a web client-server approach has been designed and developed at Computer division, BARC and is operational since last year to monitor and control remotely various environmental parameters of distributed computer centers. In this paper we shall discuss details of this system, its current status and additional features which are currently under development. This type of system is typically very useful for Meteorology, Environmental monitoring of Nuclear stations, Radio active labs, Nuclear waste immobilization plants, Medical and Biological research labs., Security surveillance and in many such distributed situations. A brief description of various tools used for this project such as Java, CGI, Java Script, HTML, VBScript, M-JPEG, TCP/IP, UDP, RTP etc. along with their merits/demerits have also been included

  16. Bayesian analysis for EMP damaged function based on Weibull distribution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Weibull distribution is one of the most commonly used statistical distribution in EMP vulnerability analysis. In the paper, the EMP damage function based on Weibull distribution of solid state relays was solved by bayesian computation using gibbs sampling algorithm. (authors)

  17. 2706-T Complex Distributed Control System Tag and Setpoint List

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 2706-T Distributed Control System (DCS) interfaces with field equipment through analog and digital input and output signals that are terminated at a programmable logic controller (PLC). The Tag names and addresses of the input and output signals are listed in this document as well as setpoint values assigned to fixed inputs

  18. Droop-free Distributed Control for AC Microgrids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nasirian, Vahidreza; Shafiee, Qobad; Guerrero, Josep M.;

    2016-01-01

    A cooperative distributed secondary/primary control paradigm for AC microgrids is proposed. This solution replaces the centralized secondary control and the primary-level droop mechanism of each inverter with three separate regulators: voltage, reactive power, and active power regulators. A spars...

  19. Modern computer networks and distributed intelligence in accelerator controls

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Appropriate hardware and software network protocols are surveyed for accelerator control environments. Accelerator controls network topologies are discussed with respect to the following criteria: vertical versus horizontal and distributed versus centralized. Decision-making considerations are provided for accelerator network architecture specification. Current trends and implementations at Fermilab are discussed

  20. Minimizing communication cost among distributed controllers in software defined networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arlimatti, Shivaleela; Elbreiki, Walid; Hassan, Suhaidi; Habbal, Adib; Elshaikh, Mohamed

    2016-08-01

    Software Defined Networking (SDN) is a new paradigm to increase the flexibility of today's network by promising for a programmable network. The fundamental idea behind this new architecture is to simplify network complexity by decoupling control plane and data plane of the network devices, and by making the control plane centralized. Recently controllers have distributed to solve the problem of single point of failure, and to increase scalability and flexibility during workload distribution. Even though, controllers are flexible and scalable to accommodate more number of network switches, yet the problem of intercommunication cost between distributed controllers is still challenging issue in the Software Defined Network environment. This paper, aims to fill the gap by proposing a new mechanism, which minimizes intercommunication cost with graph partitioning algorithm, an NP hard problem. The methodology proposed in this paper is, swapping of network elements between controller domains to minimize communication cost by calculating communication gain. The swapping of elements minimizes inter and intra communication cost among network domains. We validate our work with the OMNeT++ simulation environment tool. Simulation results show that the proposed mechanism minimizes the inter domain communication cost among controllers compared to traditional distributed controllers.

  1. Fuzzy logic based robotic controller

    Science.gov (United States)

    Attia, F.; Upadhyaya, M.

    1994-01-01

    Existing Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) robotic controllers rely on an inverse kinematic model to convert user-specified cartesian trajectory coordinates to joint variables. These joints experience friction, stiction, and gear backlash effects. Due to lack of proper linearization of these effects, modern control theory based on state space methods cannot provide adequate control for robotic systems. In the presence of loads, the dynamic behavior of robotic systems is complex and nonlinear, especially where mathematical modeling is evaluated for real-time operators. Fuzzy Logic Control is a fast emerging alternative to conventional control systems in situations where it may not be feasible to formulate an analytical model of the complex system. Fuzzy logic techniques track a user-defined trajectory without having the host computer to explicitly solve the nonlinear inverse kinematic equations. The goal is to provide a rule-based approach, which is closer to human reasoning. The approach used expresses end-point error, location of manipulator joints, and proximity to obstacles as fuzzy variables. The resulting decisions are based upon linguistic and non-numerical information. This paper presents a solution to the conventional robot controller which is independent of computationally intensive kinematic equations. Computer simulation results of this approach as obtained from software implementation are also discussed.

  2. A distributed Petri Net controller for a dual arm testbed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bjanes, Atle

    1991-01-01

    This thesis describes the design and functionality of a Distributed Petri Net Controller (DPNC). The controller runs under X Windows to provide a graphical interface. The DPNC allows users to distribute a Petri Net across several host computers linked together via a TCP/IP interface. A sub-net executes on each host, interacting with the other sub-nets by passing a token vector from host to host. One host has a command window which monitors and controls the distributed controller. The input to the DPNC is a net definition file generated by Great SPN. Thus, a net may be designed, analyzed and verified using this package before implementation. The net is distributed to the hosts by tagging transitions that are host-critical with the appropriate host number. The controller will then distribute the remaining places and transitions to the hosts by generating the local nets, the local marking vectors and the global marking vector. Each transition can have one or more preconditions which must be fulfilled before the transition can fire, as well as one or more post-processes to be executed after the transition fires. These implement the actual input/output to the environment (machines, signals, etc.). The DPNC may also be used to simulate a Great SPN net since stochastic and deterministic firing rates are implemented in the controller for timed transitions.

  3. Performance study on Gossip-based group key distribution protocal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yao Yan; Ma Jiaqing; Zhong Yiping; Zhang Shiyong

    2006-01-01

    Group key distribution is faced with two important problems, i.e. reliability and scalability, to support security multicast for large and dynamic groups. With group member increasing, traditional reliable multicast protocol can not deal with them fully. Gossip-based group key distribution idea for wide-area dissemination was provided. It is based on an gossip-based loss recovery control mechanism. It can provide a probabilistic reliable guarantee for a information dissemination to reach every group member, which can achieve scalability and reliability. To achieve full reliability, three layers protocol model in group key distribution was provided. One is best effect layer, which provides unreliable dissemination. Other is gossip-based loss recovery layer, which provides probabilistic reliable guarantee. Last is vsync-based layer, which provide deterministic loss recovery. We integrate probabilistic loss recovery method with deterministic one. The model possess scalability that probabilistic method has and full reliability prosthesis by vsync-based. To evaluate the effectiveness of gossip technique in scalable and reliable multicast protocols. We have compared gossip protocol with other reliable multicast protocols. Experimental result shows that gossip protocol has better scalability than other.

  4. The Use Of Multifrequency Induction Heating For Temperature Distribution Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smalcerz A.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents possibilities of controlling temperature field distribution in inductively heated charge. The change of its distribution was obtained using the sequential one-, two-, and three-frequency heating. The study was conducted as a multi-variant computer simulation of hard coupled electromagnetic and temperature fields. For the analysis, a professional calculation software package utilizing the finite element method, Flux 3D, was used. The problem of obtaining an appropriate temperature distribution in the heated charge of a complex shape is very important in many practical applications. A typical example is hardening of gear wheels. For such an application, it is necessary to obtain (on the surface and at a desired depth an uniform temperature distribution on the tooth face, top land and bottom land of the gear. The obtained temperature should have proper distribution and value. Such a distribution is very difficult to achieve.

  5. Large distributed control system using Ada in fusion research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Arsdall, P J; Woodruff, J P

    1998-08-11

    Construction of the National Ignition Facility laser at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory features a distributed control system that uses object-oriented software engineering techniques. Control of 60,000 devices is effected using a network of some 500 computers. The software is being written in Ada and communicates through CORBA. Software controls are implemented in two layers: individual device controllers and a supervisory layer. The software architecture provides services in the form of frameworks that address issues common to event-driven control systems. Those services are allocated to levels that strictly prescribe their interdependency so the levels are separately reusable. The project has completed its final design review. The delivery of the first increment takes place in October 1998. Keywords Distributed control system, object-oriented development, CORBA, application frameworks, levels of abstraction

  6. Large distributed control system using Ada in fusion research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Construction of the National Ignition Facility laser at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory features a distributed control system that uses object-oriented software engineering techniques. Control of 60,000 devices is effected using a network of some 500 computers. The software is being written in Ada and communicates through CORBA. Software controls are implemented in two layers: individual device controllers and a supervisory layer. The software architecture provides services in the form of frameworks that address issues common to event-driven control systems. Those services are allocated to levels that strictly prescribe their interdependency so the levels are separately reusable. The project has completed its final design review. The delivery of the first increment takes place in October 1998. Keywords Distributed control system, object-oriented development, CORBA, application frameworks, levels of abstraction

  7. Evaluation of Current Controllers for Distributed Power Generation Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Timbus, Adrian; Liserre, Marco; Teodorescu, Remus;

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses the evaluation of different current controllers employed for grid-connected distributed power generation systems having variable input power, such as wind turbines and photovoltaic systems. The focus is mainly set on linear controllers such as proportional-integral, proportio......This paper discusses the evaluation of different current controllers employed for grid-connected distributed power generation systems having variable input power, such as wind turbines and photovoltaic systems. The focus is mainly set on linear controllers such as proportional....... First, in steady-state conditions, the contribution of controllers to the total harmonic distortion of the grid current is pursued. Further on, the behavior of controllers in the case of transient conditions like input power variations and grid voltage faults is also examined. Experimental results in...

  8. Efficient Information Aggregation Strategies for Distributed Control and Signal Processing

    CERN Document Server

    Olshevsky, Alex

    2010-01-01

    This thesis is concerned with distributed control and coordination of networks consisting of multiple, potentially mobile, agents. This is motivated mainly by the emergence of large scale networks characterized by the lack of centralized access to information and time-varying connectivity. Control and optimization algorithms deployed in such networks should be completely distributed, relying only on local observations and information, and robust against unexpected changes in topology such as link failures. We will describe protocols to solve certain control and signal processing problems in this setting. We will demonstrate that a key challenge for such systems is the problem of computing averages in a decentralized way. Namely, we will show that a number of distributed control and signal processing problems can be solved straightforwardly if solutions to the averaging problem are available. The rest of the thesis will be concerned with algorithms for the averaging problem and its generalizations. We will (i)...

  9. Population-Based Placental Weight Ratio Distributions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erin M. Macdonald

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The placental weight ratio (PWR is a health indicator that reflects the balance between fetal and placental growth. The PWR is defined as the placental weight divided by the birth weight, and it changes across gestation. Its ranges are not well established. We aimed to establish PWR distributions by gestational age and to investigate whether the PWR distributions vary by fetal growth adequacy, small, average, and large for gestational age (SGA, AGA, and LGA. The data came from a hospital based retrospective cohort, using all births at two London, Ontario hospitals in the past 10 years. All women who delivered a live singleton infant between 22 and 42 weeks of gestation were included (n=41441. Nonparametric quantile regression was used to fit the curves. The results demonstrate decreasing PWR and dispersion, with increasing gestational age. A higher proportion of SGA infants have extreme PWRs than AGA and LGA, especially at lower gestational ages. On average, SGA infants had higher PWRs than AGA and LGA infants. The overall curves offer population standards for use in research studies. The curves stratified by fetal growth adequacy are the first of their kind, and they demonstrate that PWR differs for SGA and LGA infants.

  10. Cathodic Protection of Pipeline Using Distributed Control System

    OpenAIRE

    Gopalakrishnan Jayapalan; Ganga Agnihotri; Deshpande, D. M.

    2014-01-01

    Distributed control system (DCS) is available in most of the compressor stations of cross-country pipeline systems. Programmable logic controller (PLC) is used in all the intermediate pigging (IP) stations/sectional valve (SV) stations to collect the field data and to control the remote actuated valves. This paper presents how DCS or PLC can be used for cathodic protection of gas pipelines. Virtual instrumentation (VI) software is used here for simulation and real-time implementation purpose....

  11. Resident and Distributed Models of Control Systems for Technological Machines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Goncharov

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Basic structural and functional components of the control system project are control algorithm, control program, principle scheme, scheme of electrical equipment arrangement, schemes of driving mechanisms, etc. The system of predicate formulae (SPF as a formalized resident model has been selected to be the gist of the project.Method of evental modeling for SPF, due to which results are reflected on the enumerated non-formalized parts of the project, is realized. This modeling is called distributed.

  12. Advanced Communication and Control Solutions of Distributed Energy Resources (DER)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Asgeirsson, Haukur; Seguin, Richard; Sherding, Cameron; de Bruet, Andre, G.; Broadwater, Robert; Dilek, Murat

    2007-01-10

    This report covers work performed in Phase II of a two phase project whose objective was to demonstrate the aggregation of multiple Distributed Energy Resources (DERs) and to offer them into the energy market. The Phase I work (DE-FC36-03CH11161) created an integrated, but distributed, system and procedures to monitor and control multiple DERs from numerous manufacturers connected to the electric distribution system. Procedures were created which protect the distribution network and personnel that may be working on the network. Using the web as the communication medium for control and monitoring of the DERs, the integration of information and security was accomplished through the use of industry standard protocols such as secure SSL,VPN and ICCP. The primary objective of Phase II was to develop the procedures for marketing the power of the Phase I aggregated DERs in the energy market, increase the number of DER units, and implement the marketing procedures (interface with ISOs) for the DER generated power. The team partnered with the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO), the local ISO, to address the energy market and demonstrate the economic dispatch of DERs in response to market signals. The selection of standards-based communication technologies offers the ability of the system to be deployed and integrated with other utilities’ resources. With the use of a data historian technology to facilitate the aggregation, the developed algorithms and procedures can be verified, audited, and modified. The team has demonstrated monitoring and control of multiple DERs as outlined in phase I report including procedures to perform these operations in a secure and safe manner. In Phase II, additional DER units were added. We also expanded on our phase I work to enhance communication security and to develop the market model of having DERs, both customer and utility owned, participate in the energy market. We are proposing a two-part DER energy market model--a utility

  13. Policy-based Distributed Data Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, R. W.

    2009-12-01

    The analysis and understanding of climate variability and change builds upon access to massive collections of observational and simulation data. The analyses involve distributed computing, both at the storage systems (which support data subsetting) and at compute engines (for assimilation of observational data into simulations). The integrated Rule Oriented Data System (iRODS) organizes the distributed data into collections to facilitate enforcement of management policies, support remote data processing, and enable development of reference collections. Currently at RENCI, the iRODS data grid is being used to manage ortho-photos and lidar data for the State of North Carolina, provide a unifying storage environment for engagement centers across the state, support distributed access to visualizations of weather data, and is being explored to manage and disseminate collections of ensembles of meteorological and hydrological model results. In collaboration with the National Climatic Data Center, an iRODS data grid is being established to support data transmission from NCDC to ORNL, and to integrate NCDC archives with ORNL compute services. To manage the massive data transfers, parallel I/O streams are used between High Performance Storage System tape archives and the supercomputers at ORNL. Further, we are exploring the movement and management of large RADAR and in situ datasets to be used for data mining between RENCI and NCDC, and for the distributed creation of decision support and climate analysis tools. The iRODS data grid supports all phases of the scientific data life cycle, from management of data products for a project, to sharing of data between research institutions, to publication of data in a digital library, to preservation of data for use in future research projects. Each phase is characterized by a broader user community, with higher expectations for more detailed descriptions and analysis mechanisms for manipulating the data. The higher usage

  14. FPGA based control system hardware for microtron

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Up-gradation of control systems for various subsystems of Indus-1 is taken up. Control system for Microtron is one of them. The newly made control system is based on a distributed supervisory control system scheme. Each of the subsystems of the Microtron is supervised by FPGA based dedicated controller named as Equipment Control Modules (ECM). The ECMs provide all the needed functionalities like monitoring of status, interlocks, the readbacks of parameters, switching ON/OFF and providing references of required shape to the subsystems. Various interlocks information from all over the field is collected in a central Interlock Information Distribution module, which in-turn sends the interlock signals to the ECMs over the interlock bus. Each ECM inputs the interlocks, isolates and reads them. Actions on interlock failure are governed by equations implemented locally for any subsystem on the respective ECM interlock card. The interlock information from each module is also sent to operators' console or workstation. All the ECMs are connected over RS485 link for communication with the work stations. Custom protocol is designed for communication between the work station and the ECMs. With the prototype protocol the work station can update the system information at more than 1 Hz rate. The new scheme will help in reducing cable load, increase in flexibility of hardware to accommodate future requirements through expansion, maintainability due to modular design and synchronization of reading of the system to an external event or a read-clock. The FPGA based controller will be helpful in increasing the functional requirements and configurability of the design. The paper describes the scheme, the hardware, custom protocol, lab results etc. at length. (author)

  15. Capture Strategy Based on a Distributed Control System for a Large-scale Space End-Effector%基于分布式控制系统的空间大型末端执行器抓捕策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    介党阳; 倪风雷; 谭益松; 刘宏; 蔡鹤皋

    2011-01-01

    For the positioning problem of a large-scale space end-effector from the flexible joints and elastic beams before the capture operation, a distributed control system is proposed for a newly developed end-effector equipped with flexible capture interface.A capture-snare-speed-oriented strategy is established based on distributed control system; thus, a reliable and effective capture operation can be realized.The designed system is composed of a sensor unit, a top-level control unit, and three modularized bottom-level driving units.The sensor unit and the bottom-level driving unit are integrated inside the endeffector, and used to obtain the data of position, force/moment, current and temperature sensors and drive the servo motors of the system.The top-level control unit sends control commands and parameters synchronically to the three bottom-level driving units through a high-speed bus for coordinating the catching, dragging and latching operations of the end-effector.Experimental results show that, in support of the distributed control system, the reliability of the capture operation can be effectively improved by using the proposed strategy.%针对空间大型机械臂冈其关节和臂杆柔性带来的抓捕前定位问题,为一种具有柔性捕获接口的新型末端执行器设计了分布式控制系统,并建立了以捕获环收缩速度为主要控制对象的抓捕策略,可实现稳定且高效的抓捕.其中,该控制系统由传感器单元、上层控制单元和3个模块化的底层驱动单元组成.传感器单元和底层驱动单元集成在末端执行器内部,采集系统的位置、力/力矩、电流及温度等传感器数据并实现伺服电机的底层驱动;上层控制单元通过高速总线可同时向3个底层驱动单元发送控制指令及控制参数,协调末端执行器执行抓捕、拖动及锁定操作.实验表明,基于该分布式控制系统,所提出的抓捕策略有效地提高了大型机械臂抓捕操作的可靠性.

  16. A Novel Robust Communication Algorithm for Distributed Secondary Control of Islanded MicroGrids

    OpenAIRE

    Shafiee, Qobad; Dragicevic, Tomislav; Vasquez, Juan Carlos; Josep M. Guerrero; Stefanovic, Cedomir; Popovski, Petar

    2013-01-01

    Distributed secondary control (DSC) is a new approach for MicroGrids (MGs) such that frequency, voltage and power regulation is made in each unit locally to avoid using a central controller. Due to the constrained traffic pattern required by the secondary control, it is viable to implement dedicated local area communication functionality among the local controllers. This paper presents a new, wireless-based robust communication algorithm for DSC of MGs designed to avoid communication bottlene...

  17. Robust Networked Control Scheme for Distributed Secondary Control of Islanded MicroGrids

    OpenAIRE

    Shafiee, Qobad; Stefanovic, Cedomir; Dragicevic, Tomislav; Popovski, Petar; Vasquez, Juan Carlos; Josep M. Guerrero

    2014-01-01

    Distributed secondary control (DSC) is a new approach for microgrids (MGs) by which the frequency, voltage and power can be regulated by using only local unit controllers. Such a solution is necessary for anticipated scenarios that havean increased number of distributed generators (DGs) within the MG. Due to the constrained traffic pattern required by the secondary control, it is viable to implement a dedicated local area communication functionality among the local controllers. This paper pre...

  18. Computational Intelligence based techniques for islanding detection of distributed generation in distribution network: A review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Unintentional and intentional islanding, their causes, and solutions are presented. • Remote, passive, active and hybrid islanding detection techniques are discussed. • The limitation of these techniques in accurately detect islanding are discussed. • Computational intelligence techniques ability in detecting islanding is discussed. • Review of ANN, fuzzy logic control, ANFIS, Decision tree techniques is provided. - Abstract: Accurate and fast islanding detection of distributed generation is highly important for its successful operation in distribution networks. Up to now, various islanding detection technique based on communication, passive, active and hybrid methods have been proposed. However, each technique suffers from certain demerits that cause inaccuracies in islanding detection. Computational intelligence based techniques, due to their robustness and flexibility in dealing with complex nonlinear systems, is an option that might solve this problem. This paper aims to provide a comprehensive review of computational intelligence based techniques applied for islanding detection of distributed generation. Moreover, the paper compares the accuracies of computational intelligence based techniques over existing techniques to provide a handful of information for industries and utility researchers to determine the best method for their respective system

  19. Quantum optimal control of photoelectron spectra and angular distributions

    CERN Document Server

    Goetz, R Esteban; Santra, Robin; Koch, Christiane P

    2016-01-01

    Photoelectron spectra and photoelectron angular distributions obtained in photoionization reveal important information on e.g. charge transfer or hole coherence in the parent ion. Here we show that optimal control of the underlying quantum dynamics can be used to enhance desired features in the photoelectron spectra and angular distributions. To this end, we combine Krotov's method for optimal control theory with the time-dependent configuration interaction singles formalism and a splitting approach to calculate photoelectron spectra and angular distributions. The optimization target can account for specific desired properties in the photoelectron angular distribution alone, in the photoelectron spectrum, or in both. We demonstrate the method for hydrogen and then apply it to argon under strong XUV radiation, maximizing the difference of emission into the upper and lower hemispheres, in order to realize directed electron emission in the XUV regime.

  20. Quantum optimal control of photoelectron spectra and angular distributions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goetz, R. Esteban; Karamatskou, Antonia; Santra, Robin; Koch, Christiane P.

    2016-01-01

    Photoelectron spectra and photoelectron angular distributions obtained in photoionization reveal important information on, e.g., charge transfer or hole coherence in the parent ion. Here we show that optimal control of the underlying quantum dynamics can be used to enhance desired features in the photoelectron spectra and angular distributions. To this end, we combine Krotov's method for optimal control theory with the time-dependent configuration interaction singles formalism and a splitting approach to calculate photoelectron spectra and angular distributions. The optimization target can account for specific desired properties in the photoelectron angular distribution alone, in the photoelectron spectrum, or in both. We demonstrate the method for hydrogen and then apply it to argon under strong XUV radiation, maximizing the difference of emission into the upper and lower hemispheres, in order to realize directed electron emission in the XUV regime.

  1. Design of a Distributed Control System Using a Personal Computer and Micro Control Units for Humanoid Robots

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitsuhiro Yamano

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Humanoid robots have many motors and sensors and many control methods are used to carry out complicated tasks of the robots. Therefore, efficient control systems are required for the robots. Approach: This study presented a distributed control system using a Personal Computer (PC and Micro Control Units (MCUs for humanoid robots. Distributed control systems have the advantages that parallel processing using multiple computers is possible and cables in the system can be short. For the control of the humanoid robots, required functions of the control system were discussed. Based on the discussion, the hardware of the system including a PC and MCUs was proposed. The system was designed to carry out the process of the robot control efficiently. The system can be expanded easily by increasing the number of MCU boards. The software of the system for feedback control of the motors and the communication between the computers was proposed. Flexible switching of motor control methods can be achieved easily. Results: Experiments were performed to show the effectiveness of the system. The sampling frequency of the whole system can be about 0.5 kHz and that in local MCUs can be about 10 kHz. Control method of the motor can be changed during the motion in an experiment controlling four joints of the robot. Conclusion: The results of the experiments showed that the distributed control system proposed in this study is effective for humanoid robots.

  2. Integrated Power Flow and Short Circuit Calculation Method for Distribution Network with Inverter Based Distributed Generation

    OpenAIRE

    Shan Yang; Xiangqian Tong

    2016-01-01

    Power flow calculation and short circuit calculation are the basis of theoretical research for distribution network with inverter based distributed generation. The similarity of equivalent model for inverter based distributed generation during normal and fault conditions of distribution network and the differences between power flow and short circuit calculation are analyzed in this paper. Then an integrated power flow and short circuit calculation method for distribution network with inverte...

  3. Multi-Functional Distributed Secondary Control for Autonomous Microgrids

    OpenAIRE

    Shafiee, Qobad

    2014-01-01

    Microgrids (MGs)--the building blocks of the smart grid-- are local grids comprise different technologies such as power electronics converters, distributed renewable and non-renewable energy sources, energy storage systems, and telecommunications which can operate either in islanded mode or connected to the main grid. Apart from the obvious benefits of MGs, their introduction into the traditional distribution network raises many new challenges, thus, a hierarchical control concept has been in...

  4. The Use Of Multifrequency Induction Heating For Temperature Distribution Control

    OpenAIRE

    Smalcerz A.

    2015-01-01

    The paper presents possibilities of controlling temperature field distribution in inductively heated charge. The change of its distribution was obtained using the sequential one-, two-, and three-frequency heating. The study was conducted as a multi-variant computer simulation of hard coupled electromagnetic and temperature fields. For the analysis, a professional calculation software package utilizing the finite element method, Flux 3D, was used. The problem of obtaining an appropriate tempe...

  5. Optimal control of vaccine distribution in a rabies metapopulation model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asano, Erika; Gross, Louis J; Lenhart, Suzanne; Real, Leslie A

    2008-04-01

    We consider an SIR metapopulation model for the spread of rabies in raccoons. This system of ordinary differential equations considers subpopulations connected by movement. Vaccine for raccoons is distributed through food baits. We apply optimal control theory to find the best timing for distribution of vaccine in each of the linked subpopulations across the landscape. This strategy is chosen to limit the disease optimally by making the number of infections as small as possible while accounting for the cost of vaccination. PMID:18613731

  6. Finite Time Control for Fractional Order Nonlinear Hydroturbine Governing System via Frequency Distributed Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bin Wang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the application of frequency distributed model for finite time control of a fractional order nonlinear hydroturbine governing system (HGS. Firstly, the mathematical model of HGS with external random disturbances is introduced. Secondly, a novel terminal sliding surface is proposed and its stability to origin is proved based on the frequency distributed model and Lyapunov stability theory. Furthermore, based on finite time stability and sliding mode control theory, a robust control law to ensure the occurrence of the sliding motion in a finite time is designed for stabilization of the fractional order HGS. Finally, simulation results show the effectiveness and robustness of the proposed scheme.

  7. Application of Control Strategy Based on the Fluid Mechanics Principle to the Air Distribution Control of Industry Pulverized Coal Fired Boiler%基于流体力学的工业煤粉锅炉配风控制策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    麻林

    2014-01-01

    文章以中小型工业煤粉锅炉的配风控制为例,应用了以流体力学原理为基础的配风控制策略,同时结合反馈信号,有效减少锅炉震荡调整时间,使锅炉尽快进入稳定燃烧状态,有效地提高了锅炉的安全性和稳定性,进一步提高工业煤粉锅炉的自动化控制水平。%the control strategy is the core of control system, the control strategy can directly influence the in⁃dustrial equipment in operation safety, stable and efficient. The control system is mostly through the feed⁃back signal as a control strategy decision, and the lag of feedback signal, often causes the device to run shocks to adjust time is too long, and even lead to equipment downtime or safety accident. Based on small and medium-sized industrial pulverized coal boiler air distribution control as an example, the application of the air distribution control strategy based on fluid mechanics principle as the foundation, and combining with the feedback signal, effectively reduce boiler shocks to adjust time, make the boiler as soon as possible into the steady combustion state, effectively improve the boiler's safety and stability, further improve the automa⁃tion of industrial coal the boiler level control.

  8. The Deployment of Routing Protocols in Distributed Control Plane of SDN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhou Jingjing

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Software defined network (SDN provides a programmable network through decoupling the data plane, control plane, and application plane from the original closed system, thus revolutionizing the existing network architecture to improve the performance and scalability. In this paper, we learned about the distributed characteristics of Kandoo architecture and, meanwhile, improved and optimized Kandoo’s two levels of controllers based on ideological inspiration of RCP (routing control platform. Finally, we analyzed the deployment strategies of BGP and OSPF protocol in a distributed control plane of SDN. The simulation results show that our deployment strategies are superior to the traditional routing strategies.

  9. The deployment of routing protocols in distributed control plane of SDN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jingjing, Zhou; Di, Cheng; Weiming, Wang; Rong, Jin; Xiaochun, Wu

    2014-01-01

    Software defined network (SDN) provides a programmable network through decoupling the data plane, control plane, and application plane from the original closed system, thus revolutionizing the existing network architecture to improve the performance and scalability. In this paper, we learned about the distributed characteristics of Kandoo architecture and, meanwhile, improved and optimized Kandoo's two levels of controllers based on ideological inspiration of RCP (routing control platform). Finally, we analyzed the deployment strategies of BGP and OSPF protocol in a distributed control plane of SDN. The simulation results show that our deployment strategies are superior to the traditional routing strategies. PMID:25250395

  10. Supervisory control of distributed discrete-event systems

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Komenda, Jan; Masopust, Tomáš; van Schuppen, J. H.

    1. London: Springer, 2013 - (Seatzu, C.; Silva, M.; van Schuppen, J.), s. 107-126. (Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences. 433). ISBN 978-1-4471-4275-1 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GPP202/11/P028; GA ČR GAP103/11/0517 Grant ostatní: European Commission(XE) EU. ICT .DISC 224498 Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : supervisory control * distributed control * decentralized control Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4471-4276-8_6

  11. Control of Groundwater Remediation Process as Distributed Parameter System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mendel M.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Pollution of groundwater requires the implementation of appropriate solutions which can be deployed for several years. The case of local groundwater contamination and its subsequent spread may result in contamination of drinking water sources or other disasters. This publication aims to design and demonstrate control of pumping wells for a model task of groundwater remediation. The task consists of appropriately spaced soil with input parameters, pumping wells and control system. Model of controlled system is made in the program MODFLOW using the finitedifference method as distributed parameter system. Control problem is solved by DPS Blockset for MATLAB & Simulink.

  12. Distributed Self-Organizing Intelligent Control For Dendritic Robotic Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Alexander Y. K.

    1990-02-01

    A new control methodology is presented to effectively operate a robotic system with redundant degrees of freedom. The utilized Decomposed Optimization Technique (DOT) is part of the AISP (An Intelligent Spatial Planner) development. DOT considers the robotic system as several connected subsystems with locally distributed intelligence. Each subsystem has certain degrees of freedom to pursue local optimum state. The resulting parallel distributed processing architecture presents a flexible structure to accommodate sophisticated manipulators with higher level of difficulty. The employed robot dynamics model for each subsystem is generically simple such that the corresponded read-time control scheme can incorporate self-correction mechanism in parameter identification.

  13. GPRS-based research in control strategy for distribution network reactive power optimization%基于GPRS的配电网动态无功优化控制策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈蒙伟; 章坚民; 徐谦; 吴鑫淼; 叶义

    2013-01-01

    Reactive power control in distribution system is an important and effective method to make the power loss less and voltage condition better. Dynamic reactive power optimization solution generally is taken reasonable section optimization in accordance with the day short-term forecast load curve, that is the dynamic reactive power optimization is transformed into the multi-period static reactive power optimization problems. Aiming at the actual load's irregular change resulting in reactive power over compensation and owe compensation problem on the distribution network, a kind of the dynamic reactive power optimization of hybrid control strategy was proposed based on the real-time measured data and the prediction data. Secondly, in order to improve the distribution network reactive power optimization calculation speed, make optimization algorithm better applicable to the actual on-line environment, ordinal optimization theory framework was introduced, improved tabu search algorithm was taken as reactive power optimization. Through 34-node distribution system study, the results indicate that the proposed control strategy is practicable feasible and its calculation speed is fast.%配电网无功优化控制是解决配电网电能损耗大、电压水平低这一问题的有效手段,采用动态无功优化求解时一般按照各节点全天短期预测负荷曲线合理分段优化,即将动态无功优化控制转化为多时段静态无功优化问题.针对现有配电网实际负荷的不规则变化会给该优化方法带来无功过补偿和欠补偿的问题,提出了一种基于实测负荷数据和预测负荷数据的动态无功优化混合控制策略;为了提高配电网无功优化的计算速度,使优化算法更好地适用于实际在线环境,引入了序优化理论框架,采用了改进的禁忌搜索算法作为无功优化算法;通过对34节点配电系统进行了算例分析.研究结果表明,该控制策略和优化算法在实用

  14. Dynamic Protective Control Strategy for Distributed Generation System with Fixed-speed Wind Turbines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The characteristics of induction generator based fixed-speed wind turbines (FSWT) are investigated. The impacts of different execution time in protective operations are studied under different fauit duration and various wind velocity situations, e.g. , FSWT stabilities of load shedding in distribution systems. Based on this research, a dynamic protective control strategy for a distributed generation system (DGS) with FSWT is proposed. Finally, simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the strategy.

  15. Energy management and control of active distribution systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shariatzadeh, Farshid

    Advancements in the communication, control, computation and information technologies have driven the transition to the next generation active power distribution systems. Novel control techniques and management strategies are required to achieve the efficient, economic and reliable grid. The focus of this work is energy management and control of active distribution systems (ADS) with integrated renewable energy sources (RESs) and demand response (DR). Here, ADS mean automated distribution system with remotely operated controllers and distributed energy resources (DERs). DER as active part of the next generation future distribution system includes: distributed generations (DGs), RESs, energy storage system (ESS), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) and DR. Integration of DR and RESs into ADS is critical to realize the vision of sustainability. The objective of this dissertation is the development of management architecture to control and operate ADS in the presence of DR and RES. One of the most challenging issues for operating ADS is the inherent uncertainty of DR and RES as well as conflicting objective of DER and electric utilities. ADS can consist of different layers such as system layer and building layer and coordination between these layers is essential. In order to address these challenges, multi-layer energy management and control architecture is proposed with robust algorithms in this work. First layer of proposed multi-layer architecture have been implemented at the system layer. Developed AC optimal power flow (AC-OPF) generates fair price for all DR and non-DR loads which is used as a control signal for second layer. Second layer controls DR load at buildings using a developed look-ahead robust controller. Load aggregator collects information from all buildings and send aggregated load to the system optimizer. Due to the different time scale at these two management layers, time coordination scheme is developed. Robust and deterministic controllers

  16. Data distribution architecture based on standard real time protocol

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Data distribution architecture (DDAR) has been designed conforming to new requirements, taking into account the type of data that is going to be generated from experiments in International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). The main goal of this architecture is to implement a system that is able to manage on line all data that is being generated by an experiment, supporting its distribution for: processing, storing, analysing or visualizing. The first objective is to have a distribution architecture that supports long pulse experiments (even hours). The described system is able to distribute, using real time protocol (RTP), stored data or live data generated while the experiment is running. It enables researchers to access data on line instead of waiting for the end of the experiment. Other important objective is scalability, so the presented architecture can easily grow based on actual necessities, simplifying estimation and design tasks. A third important objective is security. In this sense, the architecture is based on standards, so complete security mechanisms can be applied, from secure transmission solutions until elaborated access control policies, and it is full compatible with multi-organization federation systems as PAPI or Shibboleth.

  17. Data distribution architecture based on standard real time protocol

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castro, R. [Asociacion EURATOM/CIEMAT para Fusion, Avda. Complutense No. 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain)], E-mail: rodrigo.castro@ciemat.es; Vega, J.; Pereira, A.; Portas, A. [Asociacion EURATOM/CIEMAT para Fusion, Avda. Complutense No. 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain)

    2009-06-15

    Data distribution architecture (DDAR) has been designed conforming to new requirements, taking into account the type of data that is going to be generated from experiments in International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). The main goal of this architecture is to implement a system that is able to manage on line all data that is being generated by an experiment, supporting its distribution for: processing, storing, analysing or visualizing. The first objective is to have a distribution architecture that supports long pulse experiments (even hours). The described system is able to distribute, using real time protocol (RTP), stored data or live data generated while the experiment is running. It enables researchers to access data on line instead of waiting for the end of the experiment. Other important objective is scalability, so the presented architecture can easily grow based on actual necessities, simplifying estimation and design tasks. A third important objective is security. In this sense, the architecture is based on standards, so complete security mechanisms can be applied, from secure transmission solutions until elaborated access control policies, and it is full compatible with multi-organization federation systems as PAPI or Shibboleth.

  18. Component-based Control Software Design for Flexible Manufacturing System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周炳海; 奚立峰; 曹永上

    2003-01-01

    A new method that designs and implements the component-based distributed & hierarchical flexible manufacturing control software is described with a component concept in this paper. The proposed method takes aim at improving the flexibility and reliability of the control system. On the basis of describing the concepts of component-based software and the distributed object technology, the architecture of the component-based software of the control system is suggested with the Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA). And then, we propose a design method for component-based distributed & hierarchical flexible manufacturing control system. Finally, to verify the software design method, a prototype flexible manufacturing control system software has been implemented in Orbix 2. 3c, VC++6.0 and has been tested in connection with the physical flexible ranufacturing shop at the WuXi Professional Institute.

  19. A Decomposition Algorithm for Optimal Control of Distributed Energy System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sokoler, Leo Emil; Edlund, Kristian; Standardi, Laura;

    2013-01-01

    In economic model predictive control of distributed energy systems, the constrained optimal control problem can be expressed as a linear program with a block-angular structure. In this paper, we present an efficient Dantzig-Wolfe decomposition algorithm specifically tailored to problems of this t...... type. Simulations show that a MATLAB implementation of the algorithm is significantly faster than several state-of-the-art linear programming solvers and that it scales in a favorable way....

  20. Distributed Controllers for Multi-Terminal HVDC Transmission Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Andreasson, Martin; Dimarogonas, Dimos V.; Sandberg, Henrik; Johansson, Karl H.

    2014-01-01

    High-voltage direct current (HVDC) is an increasingly commonly used technology for long-distance electric power transmission, mainly due to its low resistive losses. In this paper the voltage-droop method (VDM) is reviewed, and three novel distributed controllers for multi-terminal HVDC (MTDC) transmission systems are proposed. Sufficient conditions for when the proposed controllers render the equilibrium of the closed-loop system asymptotically stable are provided. These conditions give insi...

  1. Energy storage system control strategies for power distribution systems

    OpenAIRE

    Areewan Kajorndech; Dulpichet Rerkpreedapong

    2015-01-01

    Energy storage systems have been widely employed to attain several benefits, such as reliability improvement, stabilization of power systems connected with renewable energy resources, economic benefits and etc. To achieve the above objectives, the appropriate and effective control strategies for energy storage systems are needed to be developed. This research proposes energy storage system control strategies for power distribution systems equipped with a limited size of energy storage system ...

  2. A precise clock distribution network for MRPC-based experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, S.; Cao, P.; Shang, L.; An, Q.

    2016-06-01

    In high energy physics experiments, the MRPC (Multi-Gap Resistive Plate Chamber) detectors are widely used recently which can provide higher-resolution measurement for particle identification. However, the application of MRPC detectors leads to a series of challenges in electronics design with large number of front-end electronic channels, especially for distributing clock precisely. To deal with these challenges, this paper presents a universal scheme of clock transmission network for MRPC-based experiments with advantages of both precise clock distribution and global command synchronization. For precise clock distributing, the clock network is designed into a tree architecture with two stages: the first one has a point-to-multipoint long range bidirectional distribution with optical channels and the second one has a fan-out structure with copper link inside readout crates. To guarantee the precision of clock frequency or phase, the r-PTP (reduced Precision Time Protocol) and the DDMTD (digital Dual Mixer Time Difference) methods are used for frequency synthesis, phase measurement and adjustment, which is implemented by FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array) in real-time. In addition, to synchronize global command execution, based upon this clock distribution network, synchronous signals are coded with clock for transmission. With technique of encoding/decoding and clock data recovery, signals such as global triggers or system control commands, can be distributed to all front-end channels synchronously, which greatly simplifies the system design. The experimental results show that both the clock jitter (RMS) and the clock skew can be less than 100 ps.

  3. Software-Based Challenges of Developing the Future Distribution Grid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stewart, Emma; Kiliccote, Sila; McParland, Charles

    2014-06-01

    The software that the utility industry currently uses may be insufficient to analyze the distribution grid as it rapidly modernizes to include active resources such as distributed generation, switch and voltage control, automation, and increasingly complex loads. Although planners and operators have traditionally viewed the distribution grid as a passive load, utilities and consultants increasingly need enhanced analysis that incorporates active distribution grid loads in order to ensure grid reliability. Numerous commercial and open-source tools are available for analyzing distribution grid systems. These tools vary in complexity from providing basic load-flow and capacity analysis under steady-state conditions to time-series analysis and even geographical representations of dynamic and transient events. The need for each type of analysis is not well understood in the industry, nor are the reasons that distribution analysis requires different techniques and tools both from those now available and from those used for transmission analysis. In addition, there is limited understanding of basic capability of the tools and how they should be practically applied to the evolving distribution system. The study reviews the features and state of the art capability of current tools, including usability and visualization, basic analysis functionality, advanced analysis including inverters, and renewable generation and load modeling. We also discuss the need for each type of distribution grid system analysis. In addition to reviewing basic functionality current models, we discuss dynamics and transient simulation in detail and draw conclusions about existing software?s ability to address the needs of the future distribution grid as well as the barriers to modernization of the distribution grid that are posed by the current state of software and model development. Among our conclusions are that accuracy, data transfer, and data processing abilities are key to future

  4. A Nonparametric Shewhart-Type Quality Control Chart for Monitoring Broad Changes in a Process Distribution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saad T. Bakir

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper develops a distribution-free (or nonparametric Shewhart-type statistical quality control chart for detecting a broad change in the probability distribution of a process. The proposed chart is designed for grouped observations, and it requires the availability of a reference (or training sample of observations taken when the process was operating in-control. The charting statistic is a modified version of the two-sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov test statistic that allows the exact calculation of the conditional average run length using the binomial distribution. Unlike the traditional distribution-based control charts (such as the Shewhart X-Bar, the proposed chart maintains the same control limits and the in-control average run length over the class of all (symmetric or asymmetric continuous probability distributions. The proposed chart aims at monitoring a broad, rather than a one-parameter, change in a process distribution. Simulation studies show that the chart is more robust against increased skewness and/or outliers in the process output. Further, the proposed chart is shown to be more efficient than the Shewhart X-Bar chart when the underlying process distribution has tails heavier than those of the normal distribution.

  5. Hydrologic controls on basin-scale distribution of benthic macroinvertebrates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertuzzo, E.; Ceola, S.; Singer, G. A.; Battin, T. J.; Montanari, A.; Rinaldo, A.

    2013-12-01

    The presentation deals with the role of streamflow variability on basin-scale distributions of benthic macroinvertebrates. Specifically, we present a probabilistic analysis of the impacts of the variability along the river network of relevant hydraulic variables on the density of benthic macroinvertebrate species. The relevance of this work is based on the implications of the predictability of macroinvertebrate patterns within a catchment on fluvial ecosystem health, being macroinvertebrates commonly used as sensitive indicators, and on the effects of anthropogenic activity. The analytical tools presented here outline a novel procedure of general nature aiming at a spatially-explicit quantitative assessment of how near-bed flow variability affects benthic macroinvertebrate abundance. Moving from the analytical characterization of the at-a-site probability distribution functions (pdfs) of streamflow and bottom shear stress, a spatial extension to a whole river network is performed aiming at the definition of spatial maps of streamflow and bottom shear stress. Then, bottom shear stress pdf, coupled with habitat suitability curves (e.g., empirical relations between species density and bottom shear stress) derived from field studies are used to produce maps of macroinvertebrate suitability to shear stress conditions. Thus, moving from measured hydrologic conditions, possible effects of river streamflow alterations on macroinvertebrate densities may be fairly assessed. We apply this framework to an Austrian river network, used as benchmark for the analysis, for which rainfall and streamflow time-series and river network hydraulic properties and macroinvertebrate density data are available. A comparison between observed vs "modeled" species' density in three locations along the examined river network is also presented. Although the proposed approach focuses on a single controlling factor, it shows important implications with water resources management and fluvial

  6. Sample-Based Vegetation Distribution Information Synthesis

    OpenAIRE

    Xu, Chanchan; Yang, Gang; Yang, Meng

    2015-01-01

    In constructing and visualizing a virtual three-dimensional forest scene, we must first obtain the vegetation distribution, namely, the location of each plant in the forest. Because the forest contains a large number of plants, the distribution of each plant is difficult to obtain from actual measurement methods. Random approaches are used as common solutions to simulate a forest distribution but fail to reflect the specific biological arrangements among types of plants. Observations show tha...

  7. Distributed embedded controller development with petri nets application to globally-asynchronous locally-synchronous systems

    CERN Document Server

    Moutinho, Filipe de Carvalho

    2016-01-01

    This book describes a model-based development approach for globally-asynchronous locally-synchronous distributed embedded controllers.  This approach uses Petri nets as modeling formalism to create platform and network independent models supporting the use of design automation tools.  To support this development approach, the Petri nets class in use is extended with time-domains and asynchronous-channels. The authors’ approach uses models not only providing a better understanding of the distributed controller and improving the communication among the stakeholders, but also to be ready to support the entire lifecycle, including the simulation, the verification (using model-checking tools), the implementation (relying on automatic code generators), and the deployment of the distributed controller into specific platforms. Uses a graphical and intuitive modeling formalism supported by design automation tools; Enables verification, ensuring that the distributed controller was correctly specified; Provides flex...

  8. Economic Dispatch of Stand-alone Photovoltaic-Battery-Hydro-Diesel Hybrid Microgrid Based on Distributed Control%基于分布式控制的独立型光储水柴微网调度策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛美东; 赵波; 张雪松; 高小淇; 江全元

    2014-01-01

    A novel energy management system of microgrid based on distributed control is presented,consisting of prediction layer,dispatch layer and control layer.By applying to photovoltaic-battery-hydro-diesel hybrid microgrid system,the concept of dispatch strategies is described in detail.Considering the specialty of photovoltaic and water resources,a proper schedule is given by dispatch layer based on bidding model.Then at the control layer,the components follow the dispatch schedule according to its own operation strategy.The power balance is guaranteed by reserve power allocation at the system level.A real photovoltaic-battery-hydro-diesel hybrid microgrid system is studied as an example.Simulation results demonstrate the performance of the proposed strategies on the dispatch of photovoltaic and water resources compared with practical operating data.%基于分布式微网能量管理框架,提出一种光储水柴微网经济调度策略,包括预测层、调度层和控制层。预测层提供能量管理相关决策数据;调度层采用边际成本竞价机制,通过光伏和水电电价补偿策略,合理分配光水资源,减少柴油发电机的发电比例;控制层包括稳态控制和紧急控制,其中稳态控制策略用于控制本地设备跟踪调度计划运行,而紧急控制策略用于对系统可用发电容量进行分配,以维持系统功率平衡。以实际光储水柴微网为例,对比实际运行数据,所提出的调度策略在充分利用光水资源的基础上,保证了系统稳定运行。

  9. Real-time Control Mediation in Agile Distributed Software Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Persson, John Stouby; Aaen, Ivan; Mathiassen, Lars

    2008-01-01

    , we report from an in-depth case study of an agile distributed software project. Applying Kirsch’s elements of control framework, we analyze how actors in this context used different elements of control. We offer a description of the general management context and provide a detailed analysis of how...... control was mediated over distance by technology through real-time exchanges. Contrary to previous research, the analysis suggests that both formal and informal elements of real-time mediated control were used; that evolving goals and adjustment of expectations were two of the main issues in real......-time mediated control exchanges; and, that the actors, despite distances in space and culture, developed a clan-like pattern mediated by technology to help control quality and collaboration in software development....

  10. A distributed control system for picosecond accelerator at SINAP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAO Hong-Ping; CHEN Huan-Guang; LI De-Ming

    2005-01-01

    The picosecond accelerator (PA) is a low energy electron linear accelerator facility under commissioning,which is built for the experiment of ps level pulse radiolysis in Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics (SINAP). A practical distributed DA&C system for this facility has been developed. In view of the upgrading-ability and maintainability of the control system and controlled devices, Advantech(c) distributed intelligent DA&C products are adopted into the control system. ADAM 5000/TCPs with the protocol of Modbus/TCP are employed to accomplish data acquisition and device control. The PC-compatible programmable logic controller, ADAM-5511, is also adopted to handle the interlocks and the emergency events. On the software side, the integrated software package Kingview(c)V6.5, which friendly supports all Advantech products, has been used to develop the upper layer control logic and process the data. This paper describes the control system design and system architecture. The intelligent ADAM controllers and the software platform are also discussed in detail.

  11. Coordination control of distributed discrete-event systems

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Komenda, Jan; Masopust, Tomáš

    1. Heidelberg: Springer, 2015 - (van Schuppen, J.; Villa, T.), s. 137-144. (Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences. 456). ISBN 978-3-319-10406-5 Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : distributed discrete-event systems Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-319-10407-2_17

  12. Optimal Distributed Generator Allocation Method Considering Voltage Control Cost

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenxia Liu

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Up till now, the high penetration of intermittent distributed generation (DG has posed great challenges to the planning and operation of the grid. To achieve the best balance between economic cost and acceptable capacity of DG, this paper proposes a new integrated planning method of the active distribution network while considering voltage control cost. Firstly, characteristics of decentralized and centralized voltage control methods were analyzed. The technical frameworks, voltage control strategies and economical models of different voltage control systems were put forward. Then, an integrated planning model with objectives to minimize the comprehensive cost and maximize clean energy utilization under the constraint of maintaining acceptable voltage was implemented. Simulations were conducted using the Multi-objective Differential Evolution Algorithm (MODE. IEEE 33-bus test systems were employed to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method. The results demonstrate that the proposed approach is able to connect larger distributed generators and decrease the economic cost of Distribution Network Operators while maintaining voltage within the statutory limits.

  13. Using Model Checking for Analyzing Distributed Power Control Problems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brihaye, Thomas; Jungers, Marc; Lasaulce, Samson; Markey, Nicolas; Oreiby, Ghassan

    2010-01-01

    Model checking (MC) is a formal verification technique which has been known and still knows a resounding success in the computer science community. Realizing that the distributed power control ( PC) problem can be modeled by a timed game between a given transmitter and its environment, the authors...

  14. Dedicated Programming Language for Small Distributed Control Divices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Per Printz; Borch, Ole

    2007-01-01

    . This paper describes a new, flexible and simple language for programming distributed control tasks. The compiler for this language generates a target code that is very easy to interpret. A interpreter, that can be easy ported to different hardwares, is described. The new language is simple and easy to learn...

  15. Parallel and distributed processing in power system simulation and control

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Falcao, Djalma M. [Universidade Federal, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-graduacao de Engenharia

    1994-12-31

    Recent advances in computer technology will certainly have a great impact in the methodologies used in power system expansion and operational planning as well as in real-time control. Parallel and distributed processing are among the new technologies that present great potential for application in these areas. Parallel computers use multiple functional or processing units to speed up computation while distributed processing computer systems are collection of computers joined together by high speed communication networks having many objectives and advantages. The paper presents some ideas for the use of parallel and distributed processing in power system simulation and control. It also comments on some of the current research work in these topics and presents a summary of the work presently being developed at COPPE. (author) 53 refs., 2 figs.

  16. Information Modeling for Direct Control of Distributed Energy Resources

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Biegel, Benjamin; Andersen, Palle; Stoustrup, Jakob; Hansen, Lars Henrik; Victor Tackie, David

    We present an architecture for an unbundled liberalized electricity market system where a virtual power plant (VPP) is able to control a number of distributed energy resources (DERs) directly through a two-way communication link. The aggregator who operates the VPP utilizes the accumulated flexib...... whole range of different DERs. The devised information model can serve as input to the international standardization efforts on distributed energy resources.......We present an architecture for an unbundled liberalized electricity market system where a virtual power plant (VPP) is able to control a number of distributed energy resources (DERs) directly through a two-way communication link. The aggregator who operates the VPP utilizes the accumulated...

  17. Distributed modular RT-systems for detector DAQ, trigger and control applications

    CERN Document Server

    Vinogradov, V I

    2001-01-01

    A modular approach to development of distributed modular system architecture for detector control, data acquisition and trigger data processing is proposed. A multilevel parallel-pipeline model of data acquisition, processing and control is proposed and discussed. Multiprocessor architecture with SCI-based interconnections is proposed as good high-performance system for parallel-pipeline data processing. A network (Ethernet -100) can be used for loading, monitoring and diagnostic purposes independent of basic interconnections. The modular cPCI-based structures with high speed modular interconnections are proposed for DAQ and control applications. For distributed control RT-systems, to construct the effective (cost-performance) systems the same platform of an Intel compatible processor board should be used. The basic computer multiprocessor nodes consist of high-power PC MB (Industrial Computer Systems), which are interconnected by SCI modules and link to embedded microprocessor-based sub-systems for control a...

  18. Energy storage system control strategies for power distribution systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Areewan Kajorndech

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Energy storage systems have been widely employed to attain several benefits, such as reliability improvement, stabilization of power systems connected with renewable energy resources, economic benefits and etc. To achieve the above objectives, the appropriate and effective control strategies for energy storage systems are needed to be developed. This research proposes energy storage system control strategies for power distribution systems equipped with a limited size of energy storage system in order to improve reliability and save energy costs by determining an optimal charging schedule of the energy storage system. Simulation results demonstrate the benefits of energy storage system applications under the different control strategies.

  19. Performance of a distributed WR-OBS control architecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou Lan; Hongxiang Guo; Jian Wu; Jintong Lin

    2005-01-01

    This paper proposes a new distributed wavelength-routed optical burst switching (WR-OBS) network architecture and two corresponding control protocols. By taking advantage of merits from both just enough time (JET) protocol and two-way signaling method, this new control architecture outperforms traditional JET OBS network in points of burst loss probability, system throughput and centralized WROBS network in network scalability confirmed by computer simulations. Further simulation is developed to compare the performance of the two control protocols, which leads to instructive discussion in real WR-OBS network design.

  20. Rock sampling. [method for controlling particle size distribution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blum, P. (Inventor)

    1971-01-01

    A method for sampling rock and other brittle materials and for controlling resultant particle sizes is described. The method involves cutting grooves in the rock surface to provide a grouping of parallel ridges and subsequently machining the ridges to provide a powder specimen. The machining step may comprise milling, drilling, lathe cutting or the like; but a planing step is advantageous. Control of the particle size distribution is effected primarily by changing the height and width of these ridges. This control exceeds that obtainable by conventional grinding.

  1. Network-based production quality control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Yongjin; Tseng, Bill; Chiou, Richard

    2007-09-01

    This study investigates the feasibility of remote quality control using a host of advanced automation equipment with Internet accessibility. Recent emphasis on product quality and reduction of waste stems from the dynamic, globalized and customer-driven market, which brings opportunities and threats to companies, depending on the response speed and production strategies. The current trends in industry also include a wide spread of distributed manufacturing systems, where design, production, and management facilities are geographically dispersed. This situation mandates not only the accessibility to remotely located production equipment for monitoring and control, but efficient means of responding to changing environment to counter process variations and diverse customer demands. To compete under such an environment, companies are striving to achieve 100%, sensor-based, automated inspection for zero-defect manufacturing. In this study, the Internet-based quality control scheme is referred to as "E-Quality for Manufacturing" or "EQM" for short. By its definition, EQM refers to a holistic approach to design and to embed efficient quality control functions in the context of network integrated manufacturing systems. Such system let designers located far away from the production facility to monitor, control and adjust the quality inspection processes as production design evolves.

  2. Bluetooth Based Android Controlled Robot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rowjatul Zannat Eshita

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The project aims in designing a Robot that can be operated using Android Apps. The controlling of the Robot is done wirelessly through Android smart phone using the Bluetooth module feature present in it. Here in the project the Android smart phone is used as a remote control for operating the Robot. Android is a software stack for mobile devices that includes an operating system, middleware and key applications. Android boasts a healthy array of connectivity options, including Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and wireless data over a cellular connection (for example, GPRS, EDGE (Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution, and 3G. Android provides access to a wide range of useful libraries and tools that can be used to build rich applications. Bluetooth is an open standard specification for a radio frequency (RF-based, short-range connectivity technology that promises to change the face of computing and wireless communication. It is designed to be an inexpensive, wireless networking system for all classes of portable devices, such as laptops, PDAs (personal digital assistants, and mobile phones. The controlling device of the whole system is a Microcontroller. Bluetooth module, DC motors are interfaced to the Microcontroller. The data received by the Bluetooth module from Android smart phone is fed as input to the controller. The controller acts accordingly on the DC motors of the Robot. The robot in the project can be made to move in all the four directions using the Android phone. The direction of the robot is indicated using LED indicators of the Robot system. In achieving the task the controller is loaded with a program written using Embedded ‘C’ language.

  3. Transactive Control and Coordination of Distributed Assets for Ancillary Services

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Subbarao, Krishnappa; Fuller, Jason C.; Kalsi, Karanjit; Somani, Abhishek; Pratt, Robert G.; Widergren, Steven E.; Chassin, David P.

    2013-09-18

    The need to diversify energy supplies, the need to mitigate energy-related environmental impact, and the entry of electric vehicles in large numbers present challenges and opportunities to power system professionals. Wind and solar power provide many benefits, and to reap the benefits the resulting increased variability—forecasted as well as unforecasted—should be addressed. Demand resources are receiving increasing attention as one means of providing the grid balancing services. Control and coordination of a large number (~millions) of distributed smart grid assets requires innovative approaches. One such is transactive control and coordination (TC2)—a distributed, agent-based incentive and control system. The TC2 paradigm is to create a market system with the following characteristics: • Participation should be entirely voluntary. • The participant decides at what price s/he is willing to participate. • The bids and responses are automated. Such an approach has been developed and demonstrated by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for energy markets. It is the purpose of this project to develop a similar approach for ancillary services. In this report, the following ancillary services are considered: • spinning reserve • ramping • regulation. These services are to be provided by the following devices: • refrigerators • water heaters • clothes dryers • variable speed drives. The important results are summarized below: The regulation signal can be divided into an energy-neutral high frequency component and a low frequency component. The high frequency component is particularly well suited for demand resources. The low frequency component, which carries energy non-neutrality, can be handled by a combination of generators and demand resources. An explicit method for such a separation is obtained from an exponentially weighted moving average filter. Causal filters (i.e., filters that process only present and past values of a signal

  4. DISOPE distributed model predictive control of cascade systems with network communication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan ZHANG; Shaoyuan LI

    2005-01-01

    A novel distributed model predictive control scheme based on dynamic integrated system optimization and parameter estimation (DISOPE) was proposed for nonlinear cascade systems under network environment.Under the distributed control structure,online optimization of the cascade system was composed of several cascaded agents that can cooperate and exchange information via network communication.By iterating on modified distributed linear optimal control problems on the basis of estimating parameters at every iteration the correct optimal control action of the nonlinear model predictive control problem of the cascade system could be obtained,assuming that the algorithm was convergent.This approach avoids solving the complex nonlinear optimization problem and significantly reduces the computational burden.The simulation results of the fossil fuel power unit are illustrated to verify the effectiveness and practicability of the proposed algorithm.

  5. Suboptimal distributed control and estimation: application to a four coupled tanks system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orihuela, Luis; Millán, Pablo; Vivas, Carlos; Rubio, Francisco R.

    2016-06-01

    The paper proposes an innovative estimation and control scheme that enables the distributed monitoring and control of large-scale processes. The proposed approach considers a discrete linear time-invariant process controlled by a network of agents that may both collect information about the evolution of the plant and apply control actions to drive its behaviour. The problem makes full sense when local observability/controllability is not assumed and the communication between agents can be exploited to reach system-wide goals. Additionally, to reduce agents bandwidth requirements and power consumption, an event-based communication policy is studied. The design procedure guarantees system stability, allowing the designer to trade-off performance, control effort and communication requirements. The obtained controllers and observers are implemented in a fully distributed fashion. To illustrate the performance of the proposed technique, experimental results on a quadruple-tank process are provided.

  6. A distributed intelligence control system using fibre optics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A distributed intelligence control system has been developed using fibre optics to interconnect the individual modules. This has been built initially for use in the development programme for RFX. In this application it operates under the control of a microcomputer which communicates with the operator via a colour display and special purpose keyboard. The control system has been implemented and is undergoing commissioning on an existing capacitor bank test facility which uses capacitor modules of the type which might be used for RFX. This test facility is primarily for components of experimental assemblies and provides a suitable working environment for gaining operational experience with newly developed modules intended for control of fusion experiments. As a result of experience gained during commissioning, this paper gives an assessment of the validity of this approach to control systems required for fusion experiments and discusses other areas in which such a system would find application. (author)

  7. Distributed Model Predictive Control for Smart Energy Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Halvgaard, Rasmus Fogtmann; Vandenberghe, Lieven; Poulsen, Niels Kjølstad;

    2016-01-01

    Integration of a large number of flexible consumers in a smart grid requires a scalable power balancing strategy. We formulate the control problem as an optimization problem to be solved repeatedly by the aggregator in a model predictive control framework. To solve the large-scale control problem...... aggregator. The total power consumption is controlled through a negotiation procedure between all cooperating units and an aggregator that coordinates the overall objective. For large-scale systems, this method is faster than solving the original problem and can be distributed to include an arbitrary number...... of units. We show how different aggregator objectives are implemented and provide simulations of the controller including the computational performance....

  8. Distributed H∞ control of multi-agent systems with directed networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Wei; Liu, Ai-Li; Zhou, Shao-Lei

    2015-09-01

    This paper studies the distributed H∞ control problem of identical linear time invariant multi-agent systems subject to external disturbances. A directed graph containing a spanning tree is used to model the communication topology. Based on the relative states of the neighbor agents and a subset of absolute states of the agents, distributed static H∞ controllers are proposed. The concept of an H∞ performance region is extended to the directed graph situation. Then the results are used to solve the leader-follower H∞ consensus problem. Sufficient conditions are proposed based on bounded real lemma and algebraic graph theory. The effectiveness of the theoretical results is illustrated via numerical simulations.

  9. Controlling Elements In The Distribution Policy Of A Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pelau Corina

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available In a permanent changing environment, the measurement and monitorisation of the performance of a company has become one of the key issues for its success. This fact increases the capacity of each company to adapt to the conditions of the environment, because only by a permanent monitorisation of the performance, a company can discover both its strenghts and its weaknesses and in time, it can react according to these. This paper concentrates on the controlling and performance measurement of the distribution policy of a company. It analyses both the efficacity and efficency of the distribution channels as well as the succes of the logistics activity.

  10. Stability Boundaries for Offshore Wind Park Distributed Voltage Control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gryning, Mikkel P.S.; Wu, Qiuwei; Kocewiak, Lukasz;

    2016-01-01

    In order to identify mechanisms causing slow reactive power oscillations observed in an existing offshore wind power plant, and be able to avoid similar events in the future, voltage control is studied in this paper for a plant with a static synchronous compensator, type-4 wind turbines and a park...... pilot control. Using data from the actual wind power plant, all stabilizing subsystem voltage proportional-integral controller parameters are first characterized based on their Hurwitz signature. Inner loop current control is then designed using Internal Mode Control principles, and guidelines for feed...

  11. Optical timing, trigger and control distribution for LHC detectors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At CERN's future Large Hadron Collider, timing, trigger-accept and control signals must be distributed from a small number of sources to many thousands of front-end electronics destinations located on the ATLAS and CMS detectors. The LHC timing reference must be delivered with sub-nanosecond jitter and programmable phase. First-level trigger decisions must be broadcast from the central trigger processor to all the front-end pipeline controllers and delivered synchronously with the appropriate bunch identification, compensated for particle flight times and detector, electronics and propagation delays. In addition, broadcast control signals and individually-addressed controls and parameters such as calibration data have to be distributed. This paper describes how it is planned to broadcast all the signals over entirely passive multichannel optical fiber networks with uncontrolled path lengths. It reviews some of the technology options which are currently available and those which are likely to mature within the time frame of LHC preparation. It discusses how synchronization can be established over the system and describes how different distribution network configurations, laser transmitters and encoding methods can be used to deliver the signal using optoelectronic receivers which are becoming affordable for extensive deployment

  12. Design of improved fuel cell controller for distributed generation systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Olsen Berenguer, F.A. [Instituto de Energia Electrica, Universidad Nacional de San Juan, Av. Libertador San Martin Oeste, 1109, J5400ARL San Juan (Argentina); Molina, M.G. [CONICET, Instituto de Energia Electrica, Universidad Nacional de San Juan, Av. Libertador San Martin Oeste, 1109, J5400ARL San Juan (Argentina)

    2010-06-15

    The world has been undergoing a deregulation process which allowed competition in the electricity generation sector. This situation is bringing the opportunity for electricity users to generate power by using small-scale generation systems with emerging technologies, allowing the development of distributed generation (DG). A fuel cell power plant (FCPP) is a distributed generation technology with a rapid development because it has promising characteristics, such as low pollutant emissions, silent operation, high efficiency and long lifetime because of its small number of moving parts. The power conditioning system (PCS) is the interface that allows the effective connection to the electric power system. With the appropriate topology of the PCS and its control system design, the FCPP unit is capable of simultaneously performing both instantaneous active and reactive power flow control. This paper describes the design and implementation of a novel high performance PCS of an FCPP and its controller, for applications in distributed generation systems. A full detailed model of the FCPP is derived and a new three-level control scheme is designed. The dynamic performance of the proposed system is validated by digital simulation in SimPowerSystems (SPS) of MATLAB/Simulink. (author)

  13. Brushless DC Motor Speed Control Based on Emotional Intelligent Controller

    OpenAIRE

    Gholamreza ArabMarkadeh; Ehsan Drayabeigi

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents an emotional controller for brushless DC motor (BLDC) drive. The proposed controller is called brain emotional learning based intelligent controller (BELBIC). The utilization of the new controller is based on the emotion processing mechanism in brain. This intelligent control is inspired by the limbic system of mammalian brain, especially amygdala. The controller is successfully implemented in simulation using MATLAB software, brushless dc drive with trapezoidal back-emf. ...

  14. Cathodic Protection of Pipeline Using Distributed Control System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gopalakrishnan Jayapalan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Distributed control system (DCS is available in most of the compressor stations of cross-country pipeline systems. Programmable logic controller (PLC is used in all the intermediate pigging (IP stations/sectional valve (SV stations to collect the field data and to control the remote actuated valves. This paper presents how DCS or PLC can be used for cathodic protection of gas pipelines. Virtual instrumentation (VI software is used here for simulation and real-time implementation purpose. Analog input channels available in DCS/PLC can be used to measure pipe to soil potential (PSP with the help of half-cell and voltage transducer. Logic blocks available in DCS can be used as low selector switch to select the lowest PSP. Proportional-integral (PI controller available in DCS/PLC can be used for taking the controlling action. PI controller output varies the firing angle of AC phase controller. Phase controller output is rectified, filtered, and fed to the pipeline as cathodic protection current. Proposed scheme utilizes existing infrastructure to control pipeline corrosion.

  15. Integrated Power Flow and Short Circuit Calculation Method for Distribution Network with Inverter Based Distributed Generation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shan Yang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Power flow calculation and short circuit calculation are the basis of theoretical research for distribution network with inverter based distributed generation. The similarity of equivalent model for inverter based distributed generation during normal and fault conditions of distribution network and the differences between power flow and short circuit calculation are analyzed in this paper. Then an integrated power flow and short circuit calculation method for distribution network with inverter based distributed generation is proposed. The proposed method let the inverter based distributed generation be equivalent to Iθ bus, which makes it suitable to calculate the power flow of distribution network with a current limited inverter based distributed generation. And the low voltage ride through capability of inverter based distributed generation can be considered as well in this paper. Finally, some tests of power flow and short circuit current calculation are performed on a 33-bus distribution network. The calculated results from the proposed method in this paper are contrasted with those by the traditional method and the simulation method, whose results have verified the effectiveness of the integrated method suggested in this paper.

  16. Queue-Aware Distributive Resource Control for Delay-Sensitive Two-Hop MIMO Cooperative Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Rui; Cui, Ying

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we consider a queue-aware distributive resource control algorithm for two-hop MIMO cooperative systems. We shall illustrate that relay buffering is an effective way to reduce the intrinsic half-duplex penalty in cooperative systems. The complex interactions of the queues at the source node and the relays are modeled as an average-cost infinite horizon Markov Decision Process (MDP). The traditional approach solving this MDP problem involves centralized control with huge complexity. To obtain a distributive and low complexity solution, we introduce a linear structure which approximates the value function of the associated Bellman equation by the sum of per-node value functions. We derive a distributive two-stage two-winner auction-based control policy which is a function of the local CSI and local QSI only. Furthermore, to estimate the best fit approximation parameter, we propose a distributive online stochastic learning algorithm using stochastic approximation theory. Finally, we establish techn...

  17. Distributed CAN-BUS-based data acquisition system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A distributed remote-control system for large nuclear physical setups is intended to collect, store, and analyze data arriving from detecting devices and to visualize them via the WEB. The system uses the CAN industrial data transmission network and the DeviceNet high-level protocol. The hardware part is the set of controllers, which convert signals of the detecting devices into a frequency and transmit them in the digital form via the CAN network to the host computer. The software realizes the DeviceNet protocol stack, which ensures the data acquisition and transmission. The user interface is based on dynamic WEB pages. The system is used for monitoring dark noises of photomultiplier tubes in the BOREXINO neutrino detector (Italy)

  18. An Optimal Control Approach to Inventory-Production Systems with Weibull Distributed Deterioration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md. A. Baten

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: We studied the inventory-production system with two-parameter Weibull distributed deterioration items. Approach: The inventory model was developed as linear optimal control problem and by the Pontryagin maximum principle, the optimal control problem was solved analytically to obtain the optimal solution of the problem. Results: It was then illustrated with the help of an example. By the principle of optimality we also established the Riccati based solution of the Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman (HJB equation associated with this control problem. Conclusion: As an application to quadratic control theory we showed an optimal control policy to exist from the optimality conditions in the HJB equation.

  19. 基于柔性接地技术的配电网三相不平衡过电压抑制方法%Suppressing Method of Three-phase Unbalanced Overvoltage Based on Distribution Networks Flexible Grounding Control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾祥君; 胡京莹; 王媛媛; 熊婷婷

    2014-01-01

    配电网三相对地参数不平衡会产生三相不平衡电压,一般采用投切电容器或电抗器补偿三相不平衡参数,抑制不平衡电压,但该方法补偿的精度和速度有限,难以彻底而迅速地实现三相不平衡过电压抑制。因此,在前期发明的柔性接地技术(专利201110006701.2)基础上,提出配电网三相不平衡过电压抑制新方法。通过PWM有源逆变向配电网注入零序电流补偿三相对地不平衡电流,实现对零序电压的控制,从而抑制三相不平衡过电压。仿真分析结果表明,所提方法可有效抑制三相不平衡过电压,能够将中性点位移电压限制为零。%Unbalanced three-phase parameters to ground can result in the three-phase unbalanced voltage in distribution networks. Generally switched capacitors and reactors are applied in the compensation of three-phase unbalanced parameters to limit the unbalanced voltage. Whereas, the compensation method has limited precision and speed, it is difficult to satisfy the requirement of the three-phase unbalanced voltage suppressing thoroughly and rapidly. In order to improve it, a new method based on the invention patent of flexible grounding technique (Patent number 201110006701.2) was presented in this paper. The three-phase unbalanced current to ground was compensated by the injecting zero sequence current to distribution network through pulse width modulation (PWM) inverter. The zero sequence voltage was controlled and the three-phase unbalanced overvoltage was thus suppressed. Simulation results showed that the proposed method limited the unbalanced overvoltage effectively, and the neutral displacement voltage could be limited to zero.

  20. Model based control of refrigeration systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sloth Larsen, L.F.

    2005-11-15

    with a distributed control structure, the cross-couplings are not naturally incorporated in the design of the controllers. The disturbances caused by the individual subsystems might be insignificant, however if the effect from all of the subsystems is synchronized it might cause a sever deterioration in the system performance. In the part of the thesis covering dynamical optimization, the main emphasis is laid on analyzing the phenomena of synchronization of hysteresis controlled subsystems. The propose method for desynchronization is based on a model predictive control setup. By formulating a cost function that penalizes the effects of synchronization hard, an optimal control sequence for the subsystems can be computed that desynchronizes the operation. A supermarket's refrigeration system consists of a number of refrigerated display cases located in the supermarkets sales area. The display cases are connected to a central refrigeration system, moreover the temperature control in the display cases is carried out by hysteresis controller. Practice however shows that the display cases have a tendency to synchronize the temperature control. This cause periodically high loads on the central refrigeration system and thereby an increased energy consumption and wear. By studying a nonlinear system model it has been analyzed, which parameter that are important for the synchronization. Applying the proposed method on the nonlinear system model has proved that it is capable of desynchronizing the operation of the display cases. (au)

  1. Different Random Distributions Research on Logistic-Based Sample Assumption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing Pan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Logistic-based sample assumption is proposed in this paper, with a research on different random distributions through this system. It provides an assumption system of logistic-based sample, including its sample space structure. Moreover, the influence of different random distributions for inputs has been studied through this logistic-based sample assumption system. In this paper, three different random distributions (normal distribution, uniform distribution, and beta distribution are used for test. The experimental simulations illustrate the relationship between inputs and outputs under different random distributions. Thereafter, numerical analysis infers that the distribution of outputs depends on that of inputs to some extent, and this assumption system is not independent increment process, but it is quasistationary.

  2. A Study of Transmission Control Method for Distributed Parameters Measurement in Large Factories and Storehouses

    OpenAIRE

    Shujing Su; Min Yi; Wei Ji; Qing He; Xiufeng Xie

    2015-01-01

    For the characteristics of parameters dispersion in large factories, storehouses, and other applications, a distributed parameter measurement system is designed that is based on the ring network. The structure of the system and the circuit design of the master-slave node are described briefly. The basic protocol architecture about transmission communication is introduced, and then this paper comes up with two kinds of distributed transmission control methods. Finally, the reliability, extendi...

  3. Distribution of man-machine controls in space teleoperation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bejczy, A. K.

    1982-01-01

    The distribution of control between man and machine is dependent on the tasks, available technology, human performance characteristics and control goals. This dependency has very specific projections on systems designed for teleoperation in space. This paper gives a brief outline of the space-related issues and presents the results of advanced teleoperator research and development at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). The research and development work includes smart sensors, flexible computer controls and intelligent man-machine interface devices in the area of visual displays and kinesthetic man-machine coupling in remote control of manipulators. Some of the development results have been tested at the Johnson Space Center (JSC) using the simulated full-scale Shuttle Remote Manipulator System (RMS). The research and development work for advanced space teleoperation is far from complete and poses many interdisciplinary challenges.

  4. A REVIEW ON DISTRIBUTED CONTROL OF COOPERATING MINI UAVS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qasim Ali

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Mini Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (MUAVs are becoming popular research platform and drawing considerable attention, particularly during the last decade due to their multi-dimensional applications in almost every walk of life. MUAVs range from simple toys found at electronic supermarkets for entertainment purpose to highly sophisticated commercial platforms performing novel assignments like offshore wind power station inspection and 3D modelling of buildings. This paper presents an overview of the main aspects in the domain of distributed control of cooperating MUAVs to facilitate the potential users in this fascinating field. Furthermore it gives an overview on state of the art in MUAV technologies e.g. Photonic Mixer Devices (PMD camera, distributed control methods and on-going work and challenges, which is the motivation for many researchers all over the world to work in this field.

  5. Distributed digital real-time control system for TCV tokamak

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • A new distributed digital control system for the TCV tokamak has been commissioned. • Data is shared in real-time between all nodes using the reflective memory. • The customised Linux OS allows achieving deterministic and low latency behaviour. • The control algorithm design in Simulink together with the automatic code generation using Embedded Coder allow rapid algorithm development. • Controllers designed outside the TCV environment can be ported easily. • The previous control system functions have been emulated and improved. • New capabilities include MHD control, profile control, equilibrium reconstruction. - Abstract: A new digital feedback control system (named the SCD “Système de Contrôle Distribué”) has been developed, integrated and used successfully to control TCV (Tokamak à Configuration Variable) plasmas. The system is designed to be modular, distributed, and scalable, accommodating hundreds of diagnostic inputs and actuator outputs. With many more inputs and outputs available than previously possible, it offers the possibility to design advanced control algorithms with better knowledge of the plasma state and to coherently control all TCV actuators, including poloidal field (PF) coils, gas valves, the gyrotron powers and launcher angles of the electron cyclotron heating and current drive system (ECRH/ECCD) together with diagnostic triggering signals. The system consists of multiple nodes; each is a customised Linux desktop or embedded PC which may have local ADC and DAC cards. Each node is also connected to a memory network (reflective memory) providing a reliable, deterministic method of sharing memory between all nodes. Control algorithms are programmed as block diagrams in Matlab-Simulink providing a powerful environment for modelling and control design. The C code is generated automatically from the Simulink block diagram and compiled, with the Simulink Embedded Coder (SEC, formerly Real-Time Workshop Embedded

  6. Distributed Planning and Control for Teams of Cooperating Mobile Robots

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parker, L.E.

    2004-06-15

    This CRADA project involved the cooperative research of investigators in ORNL's Center for Engineering Science Advanced Research (CESAR) with researchers at Caterpillar, Inc. The subject of the research was the development of cooperative control strategies for autonomous vehicles performing applications of interest to Caterpillar customers. The project involved three Phases of research, conducted over the time period of November 1998 through December 2001. This project led to the successful development of several technologies and demonstrations in realistic simulation that illustrated the effectiveness of the control approaches for distributed planning and cooperation in multi-robot teams.

  7. Research on automatic correction of electronic beam path for distributed control

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Dynamitron, an electron irradiation accelerator of high-voltage, is used as a radiation source for industrial and agricultural production. The control system is an important component of dynamitron. Purpose: The aim is to improve the control system to meet the performance requirements of dynamitron for the stability. Methods: A distributed control system for the 1.5-MeV dynamitron is proposed to gain better performance. On this basis, an electron beam trajectory automatic correction method based on Cerebellar Model Articulation Controller and Proportional-Integral Derivative (CMAC-PID) controller is designed to improve the function of electron beam extraction system. Results: The distributed control system can meet the control requirements of the accelerator. The stability of the CMAC PID controller is better than that of conventional PID controller for the electron beam trajectory automatic correction system, and hence the CMAC-PID controller can provide better protection of dynamitron when electron beam deflection occurs. Conclusion: The distributed control system and the electron beam trajectory automatic correction method system can effectively improve the performance and reduce the failure probability of the accelerator, thereby enhancing the efficiency of the accelerator. (authors)

  8. Distributive Disturbance and Optimai Policy in Stochastic Control Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Hongchu; Hu Shigeng; Zhang Xueqing

    2006-01-01

    To investigate the equilibrium relationships between the volatility of capital and income, taxation, and macroeconomic performance in a stochastic control model, the uniqueness of the solution to this model was proved by using the method of dynamic programming under the introduction of distributive disturbance and elastic labor supply. Furthermore, the effects of two types of shocks on labor-leisure choice, economic growth rate and welfare were numerically analyzed, and then the optimal tax policy was derived.

  9. Electrical Power Distribution and Control Modeling and Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Johnny S.; Liffring, Mark; Mehdi, Ishaque S.

    2001-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the use of Electrical Power Distribution and Control (EPD&C) Modeling and how modeling can support analysis. The presentation discusses using the EASY5 model to simulate and analyze the Space Shuttle Electric Auxiliary Power Unit. Diagrams of the model schematics are included, as well as graphs of the battery cell impedance, hydraulic load dynamics, and EPD&C response to hydraulic load variations.

  10. Connecting Distributed Version Control Systems Communities to Linked Open Data

    OpenAIRE

    Aslan, Khaled; Skaf-Molli, Hala; Molli, Pascal

    2012-01-01

    Distributed Version Control Systems (DVCS) such as Git or Mercurial allow community of developers to coordinate and maintain well known software such as Linux operating system or Firefox web browser. The Push-Pull-Clone (PPC) collaboration model used in DVCS generates PPC social network where DVCS repositories are linked by push/pull relations. Unfortunately, DVCS tools poorly interoperate and are not navigable. The first issue prevents the development of generic tools and the second one prev...

  11. Information Modeling for Direct Control of Distributed Energy Resources

    OpenAIRE

    Biegel, Benjamin; Andersen, Palle; Stoustrup, Jakob; Hansen, Lars Henrik; Victor Tackie, David

    2013-01-01

    We present an architecture for an unbundledliberalized electricity market system where a virtual powerplant (VPP) is able to control a number of distributed energyresources (DERs) directly through a two-way communicationlink. The aggregator who operates the VPP utilizes the accumulated flexibility of the DERs to participate in the electricitymarket on equal terms with conventional power plants. Thefocus of this paper is the interface between the DERs and theVPP: this interface must enable the ...

  12. Integrated Chassis Control System with Fail Safety Using Optimum Yaw Moment Distribution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents an integrated chassis control system with fail safety using optimum yaw moment distribution for a vehicle with steer-by-wire and brake-by-wire devices. The proposed system has two-level structure: upper- and lower-level controllers. In the upper-level controller, the control yaw moment is computed with sliding mode control theory. In the lower-level controller, the control yaw moment is distributed into the tire forces of active front steering(AFS) and electronic stability control(ESC) with the weighted pseudo-inverse based control allocation(WPCA) method. By setting the variable weights in WPCA, it is possible to take the sensor/actuator failure into account. In this framework, it is necessary to optimize the variables weights in order to enhance the yaw moment distribution. For this purpose, simulation-based tuning is proposed. To show the effectiveness of the proposed method, simulations are conducted on a vehicle simulation package, CarSim

  13. SAFCM: A Security-Aware Feedback Control Mechanism for Distributed Real-Time Embedded Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ma, Yue; Jiang, Wei; Sang, Nan;

    2012-01-01

    Distributed Real-time Embedded (DRE) systems are facing great challenges in networked, unpredictable and especially unsecured environments. In such systems, there is a strong need to enforce security on distributed computing nodes in order to guard against potential threats, while satisfying the...... real-time requirements. This paper proposes a Security-Aware Feedback Control Mechanism (SAFCM) which has the ability to dynamically change the security level to guarantee soft real-time requirements and make the security protection as strong as possible. In order to widely support distributed real......-time systems, a multi-input multi-output feedback loop is designed and a model predictive controller is deployed based on an equation model that describes the dynamic behavior of the DRE systems. This control loop uses security level scaling to globally control the CPU utilization and security performance for...

  14. Efficiency analysis of control algorithms in spatially distributed systems with chaotic behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Korus Łukasz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents results of examination of control algorithms for the purpose of controlling chaos in spatially distributed systems like the coupled map lattice (CML. The mathematical definition of the CML, stability analysis as well as some basic results of numerical simulation exposing complex, spatiotemporal and chaotic behavior of the CML were already presented in another paper. The main purpose of this article is to compare the efficiency of controlling chaos by simple classical algorithms in spatially distributed systems like CMLs. This comparison is made based on qualitative and quantitative evaluation methods proposed in the previous paper such as the indirect Lyapunov method, Lyapunov exponents and the net direction phase indicator. As a summary of this paper, some conclusions which can be useful for creating a more efficient algorithm of controlling chaos in spatially distributed systems are made.

  15. 242A Distributed Control System Year 2000 Acceptance Test Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report documents acceptance test results for the 242-A Evaporator distributive control system upgrade to D/3 version 9.0-2 for year 2000 compliance. This report documents the test results obtained by acceptance testing as directed by procedure HNF-2695. This verification procedure will document the initial testing and evaluation of the potential 242-A Distributed Control System (DCS) operating difficulties across the year 2000 boundary and the calendar adjustments needed for the leap year. Baseline system performance data will be recorded using current, as-is operating system software. Data will also be collected for operating system software that has been modified to correct year 2000 problems. This verification procedure is intended to be generic such that it may be performed on any D/3(trademark) (GSE Process Solutions, Inc.) distributed control system that runs with the VMSTM (Digital Equipment Corporation) operating system. This test may be run on simulation or production systems depending upon facility status. On production systems, DCS outages will occur nine times throughout performance of the test. These outages are expected to last about 10 minutes each

  16. Web Based Distributed Coastal Image Analysis System Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This project develops Web based distributed image analysis system processing the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data to provide decision...

  17. Evaluating geothermal and hydrogeologic controls on regional groundwater temperature distribution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, Erick R.; Ingebritsen, Steven E.; Manga, Michael; Williams, Colin F.

    2016-02-01

    A one-dimensional (1-D) analytic solution is developed for heat transport through an aquifer system where the vertical temperature profile in the aquifer is nearly uniform. The general anisotropic form of the viscous heat generation term is developed for use in groundwater flow simulations. The 1-D solution is extended to more complex geometries by solving the equation for piece-wise linear or uniform properties and boundary conditions. A moderately complex example, the Eastern Snake River Plain (ESRP), is analyzed to demonstrate the use of the analytic solution for identifying important physical processes. For example, it is shown that viscous heating is variably important and that heat conduction to the land surface is a primary control on the distribution of aquifer and spring temperatures. Use of published values for all aquifer and thermal properties results in a reasonable match between simulated and measured groundwater temperatures over most of the 300 km length of the ESRP, except for geothermal heat flow into the base of the aquifer within 20 km of the Yellowstone hotspot. Previous basal heat flow measurements (˜110 mW/m2) made beneath the ESRP aquifer were collected at distances of >50 km from the Yellowstone Plateau, but a higher basal heat flow of 150 mW/m2 is required to match groundwater temperatures near the Plateau. The ESRP example demonstrates how the new tool can be used during preliminary analysis of a groundwater system, allowing efficient identification of the important physical processes that must be represented during more-complex 2-D and 3-D simulations of combined groundwater and heat flow.

  18. Vibration distribution reconstruction and control of a thin plate by using distributed PVDF sensors affixed to the plate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagayasu, Katsuyoshi; Uchida, Norio; Hayashi, Takuro; Takahashi, Hiroshi

    2000-06-01

    In this study, vibration distribution of a thin plate is detected using outputs from a number of long-span piezoelectric films that serve as distributed vibration sensors affixed on the plate. Using long-span piezoelectric films, only the integrated strains along the direction of the sensor span could be obtained. However, in the case that plural sensors were affixed and a kind of transformation was used, the vibration distribution could be obtained. We are considering applying the method for vibration control of space structures, namely antennas and/or solar battery paddles. In this study, basic technology for realizing the applications is presented. The strain distributions and the sensor outputs are predicted and calculated using NASTRAN (Finite Element Method). The strain distributions of a vibrating rectangular thin plate to which a number of long-span PVDF films were affixed are detected by experiment. These PVDF films are cut into several kinds of sinusoidal shapes and the outputs of the films are composed to the vibration distribution. This method is based on the theory that waves of any kind are composed by the sum of trigonometric function series. The usefulness of this approach is confirmed by comparing the calculational and experimental results.

  19. Fuzzy cascade control based on control's history for superheated temperature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Guangjun; LI Gang; SHEN Shuguang

    2007-01-01

    To address the characteristics of the large delay and uncertainty of superheated temperature,a new cascade control system is presented based on control's history.Based on the analysis of the control objects' dynamic characteristics,historical control information (substituting for the deviation change rate) is used as the basis for decision-making of the fuzzy control.Therefore,the changing trend of the controlled variable can be accurately reflected.Furthermore,a proportional component is introduced,the advantages of PID and fuzzy controllers are integrated,and the structure weaknesses of conventional fuzzy controllers are overcome.Simulation shows that this control method can effectively reduce the adverse impact of the delay on control effects and,therefore,exhibit strong adaptability by comparing the superheated temperature control system by this controller with PID and conventional fuzzy controllers.

  20. Robust Distributed Power Control in Cognitive Radio Networks

    CERN Document Server

    fard, Saeideh Parsaei

    2011-01-01

    We propose a robust distributed uplink power allocation algorithm for underlay cognitive radio networks (CRNs) with a view to maximizing the total utility of secondary users (SUs) when channel gains from SUs to primary base stations, and interference caused by primary users (PUs) to the SUs' base station are uncertain. In doing so, we utilize the worst-case robust optimization to keep the interference caused by SUs to each primary base station below a given threshold, and satisfy the SUs' quality of service for all realizations of uncertainty. We model each uncertain parameter by a bounded distance between its estimated and exact values, and formulate the robust power allocation problem via protection values for constraints. We demonstrate that the convexity of our problem is preserved, and in some cases converts into a geometric programming problem, which we solve via a distributed algorithm by using Lagrange dual decomposition. To reduce the cost of robustness, defined as the reduction in the total utility ...

  1. Distributed Prognostics Based on Structural Model Decomposition

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Within systems health management, prognostics focuses on predicting the remaining useful life of a system. In the model-based prognostics paradigm, physics-based...

  2. A Story-Based Simulation for Teaching Sampling Distributions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Stephen; Dabney, Alan R.

    2015-01-01

    Statistical inference relies heavily on the concept of sampling distributions. However, sampling distributions are difficult to teach. We present a series of short animations that are story-based, with associated assessments. We hope that our contribution can be useful as a tool to teach sampling distributions in the introductory statistics…

  3. SMS BASED REMOTE CONTROL SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reecha Ranjan Singh , Sangeeta Agrawal , Saurabh Kapoor ,S. Sharma

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available A modern world contains varieties of electronic equipment and systems like: TV, security system, Hi-fi equipment, central heating systems, fire alarm systems, security alarm systems, lighting systems, SET Top Box, AC (Air Conditioner etc., we need to handle, ON/OFF or monitor these electrical devices remotely or to communicate with these but, if you are not at the home or that place and you want to communicate with these device. So the new technology for handled these devices remotely and for communication to required the GSM, mobile technology, SMS (short message service and some hardware resources. SMS based remote control for home appliances is beneficial for the human generation, because mobile is most recently used technology nowadays.

  4. Control strategy of hybrid fuel cell/battery distributed generation system for grid-connected operation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Masoud Aliakbar GOLKAR; Amin HAJIZADEH

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a control strategy of a hybrid fuel cell/battery distributed generation (HDG) system in distribution systems. The overall structure of the HDG system is given, dynamic models for the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) power plant,battery bank and its power electronic interfacing are briefly described, and controller design methodologies for the power conditioning units and fuel cell to control the power flow from the hybrid power plant to the utility grid are presented. To distribute the power between the fuel cell power plant and the battery energy storage, a neuro-fuzzy controller has been developed. Also, for controlling the active and reactive power independently in distribution systems, the current control strategy based on two fuzzy logic controllers has been presented. A Matlab/Simulink simulation model is developed for the HDG system by combining the individual component models and their controllers. Simulation results show the overall system performance including load-following and power management of the HDG system.

  5. 分布电能治理型电力载波抄表系统控制研究%Study on Controlling for Power Carrier Meter Reading System Based on Distributed Power Governance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗书克; 张元敏

    2014-01-01

    根据现代家庭负荷的特点及集中式无功补偿系统的不足,利用分布式电能治理的特点,提出了一种电压控制型无功补偿方法。该方法以分布负荷电能治理为目标,并与分布负荷的电能计量结合为一体,采用PI控制产生连续可调的SPWM正弦脉冲序列,从而控制无功补偿电容端电压,保证系统中无功电源的稳定。试制样机验证了该控制方法的可行性和可靠性,表明电能治理型电力载波抄表系统将成为广大负荷用户的首选。%In accordance with the features of modern home electricity load, and the deficiency of centralized reactive power compensation system, by using particularity of distributed electric energy governance, the voltage control type reactive power compensation method is proposed. With distributed load energy governance as the goal, and integrating the electric energy metering of distributed load, the continuously adjustable SPWM sinusoidal pulse sequence is generated by PI control, thus the reactive power compensation capacitor voltage can be controlled to guarantee the stability of the reactive power in the system. The tested prototype verifies the feasibility and reliability of this control method. This indicates that such meter reading system will become the majority of the load user’s first choice.

  6. TRANSFORM DOMAIN SLICE BASED DISTRIBUTED VIDEO CODING

    OpenAIRE

    SAMIR BELHOUARI; VARUN JEOTI; A. ELAMIN

    2011-01-01

    Distributed video coding depends heavily on the virtual channel model. Due to the limitations of the side information estimation one stationary model does not properly describe the virtual channel. In this work the correlation noise is modelled per slice to obtain location-specific correlation noise model. The resulting delay from the lengthy Slepian-Wolf (SW) codec input is also reduced by reducing the length of SW codec input. The proposed solution does not impose any extra complexity, it u...

  7. Experimental comparison of PV-smoothing controllers using distributed generators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, Jay Dean [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Ellis, Abraham [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Denda, Atsushi [Shimizu Corp., Tokyo (Japan); Morino, Kimio [Shimizu Corp., Tokyo (Japan); Hawkins, John N. [Public Service Company of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Arellano, Brian [Public Service Company of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Shinji, Takao [Tokyo Gas Co., New York, NY (United States); Ogata, Takao [Tokyo Gas Co., New York, NY (United States); Tadokoro, Masayuki [Tokyo Gas Co., New York, NY (United States)

    2014-02-01

    The power output variability of photovoltaic systems can affect local electrical grids in locations with high renewable energy penetrations or weak distribution or transmission systems. In those rare cases, quick controllable generators (e.g., energy storage systems) or loads can counteract the destabilizing effects by compensating for the power fluctuations. Previously, control algorithms for coordinated and uncoordinated operation of a small natural gas engine-generator (genset) and a battery for smoothing PV plant output were optimized using MATLAB/Simulink simulations. The simulations demonstrated that a traditional generation resource such as a natural gas genset in combination with a battery would smooth the photovoltaic output while using a smaller battery state of charge (SOC) range and extending the life of the battery. This paper reports on the experimental implementation of the coordinated and uncoordinated controllers to verify the simulations and determine the differences in the controllers. The experiments were performed with the PNM PV and energy storage Prosperity site and a gas engine-generator located at the Aperture Center at Mesa Del Sol in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Two field demonstrations were performed to compare the different PV smoothing control algorithms: (1) implementing the coordinated and uncoordinated controls while switching off a subsection of the PV array at precise times on successive clear days, and (2) comparing the results of the battery and genset outputs for the coordinated control on a high variability day with simulations of the coordinated and uncoordinated controls. It was found that for certain PV power profiles the SOC range of the battery may be larger with the coordinated control, but the total amp-hours through the battery-which approximates battery wear-will always be smaller with the coordinated control.

  8. Intelligent Servo Drives Control Based on a Single Fieldbus Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Puiu

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Due to the quick evolution of manufacturing processes, the demand for more flexible automation systems is on the rise. To answer these requirements, distributed motion control architecture based on intelligent drives tends more and more to replace the traditional solutions. This paper presents the control of an articulated arm robot with two local intelligent servo drives connected on a CAN network to a motion controller which receives the trajectory of the robot from a computer. The control structure is based on a single CAN network where local intelligent servo drives, a motion controller and a computer are connected.

  9. A Novel Control algorithm based DSTATCOM for Load Compensation

    Science.gov (United States)

    R, Sreejith; Pindoriya, Naran M.; Srinivasan, Babji

    2015-11-01

    Distribution Static Compensator (DSTATCOM) has been used as a custom power device for voltage regulation and load compensation in the distribution system. Controlling the switching angle has been the biggest challenge in DSTATCOM. Till date, Proportional Integral (PI) controller is widely used in practice for load compensation due to its simplicity and ability. However, PI Controller fails to perform satisfactorily under parameters variations, nonlinearities, etc. making it very challenging to arrive at best/optimal tuning values for different operating conditions. Fuzzy logic and neural network based controllers require extensive training and perform better under limited perturbations. Model predictive control (MPC) is a powerful control strategy, used in the petrochemical industry and its application has been spread to different fields. MPC can handle various constraints, incorporate system nonlinearities and utilizes the multivariate/univariate model information to provide an optimal control strategy. Though it finds its application extensively in chemical engineering, its utility in power systems is limited due to the high computational effort which is incompatible with the high sampling frequency in these systems. In this paper, we propose a DSTATCOM based on Finite Control Set Model Predictive Control (FCS-MPC) with Instantaneous Symmetrical Component Theory (ISCT) based reference current extraction is proposed for load compensation and Unity Power Factor (UPF) action in current control mode. The proposed controller performance is evaluated for a 3 phase, 3 wire, 415 V, 50 Hz distribution system in MATLAB Simulink which demonstrates its applicability in real life situations.

  10. A platform of seismic data processing based on distributed system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A platform of seismic data processing based on distributed system is designed in this paper. The platform provides a distributed processing framework for seismic data processing and supports automated and interactive processing for seismic data. It addresses the practical problem of integrating existing software and data archives into a processing system distributed on a network of UNIX workstations. The massaging facilities of the platform enable the distributed system to exploit concurrency and pipelining to expedite data processing. (authors)

  11. Real-Time Analysis of an Active Distribution Network - Coordinated Frequency Control for Islanding Operation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cha, Seung-Tae

    regulation performance is highly improved with fuzzy logic control (FLC) when the system enters into islanding operation. Lastly, an intelligent multi-agent based secondary frequency control strategy for the islanding operation of ADN is proposed. A complete software-in-the-loop (SIL) simula-tion is carried...... out and optimization of the parameters of the secondary controller is achieved in a simple manner through the effective application of particle swarm optimi-zation (PSO) technique. Simulation results show that the proposed multi-agent based secondary frequency control strategy performs well...... is constructed using the real-time digital simulator (RTDS). The resulting model is capable of performing dynamic simulations of the islanded Bornholm distribution system to investigate the frequency regulation performance. In addition, a generic model of Born-holm distribution system is constructed, which can...

  12. A Communication-Less Distributed Voltage Control Strategy for a Multi-Bus AC Islanded Microgrid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Yanbo; Tan, Yongdong; Chen, Zhe;

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a communication-less distributed voltage control strategy for a multi-bus AC islanded microgrid. First, a Kalman Filter-based network voltage estimator is proposed to obtain voltage responses without communication links in the presence of load disturbances. Then, a voltage opt...

  13. Distributed Environment Control Using Wireless Sensor/Actuator Networks for Lighting Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiro Nakamura

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available We propose a decentralized algorithm to calculate the control signals for lights in wireless sensor/actuator networks. This algorithm uses an appropriate step size in the iterative process used for quickly computing the control signals. We demonstrate the accuracy and efficiency of this approach compared with the penalty method by using Mote-based mesh sensor networks. The estimation error of the new approach is one-eighth as large as that of the penalty method with one-fifth of its computation time. In addition, we describe our sensor/actuator node for distributed lighting control based on the decentralized algorithm and demonstrate its practical efficacy.

  14. Control of Unknown Chaotic Systems Based on Neural Predictive Control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIDong-Mei; WANGZheng-Ou

    2003-01-01

    We introduce the predictive control into the control of chaotic system and propose a neural network control algorithm based on predictive control. The proposed control system stabilizes the chaotic motion in an unknown chaotic system onto the desired target trajectory. The proposed algorithm is simple and its convergence speed is much higher than existing similar algorithms. The control system can control hyperchaos. We analyze the stability of the control system and prove the convergence property of the neural controller. The theoretic derivation and simulations demonstrate the effectiveness of the algorithm.

  15. Expectation-based intelligent control

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zak, Michail [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Advanced Computing Algorithms and IVHM Group, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, M/s 126-347 Pasadena, CA 91109-8099 (United States)]. E-mail: Michail.Zak@jpl.nasa.gov

    2006-05-15

    New dynamics paradigms-negative diffusion and terminal attractors-are introduced to control noise and chaos. The applied control forces are composed of expectations governed by the associated Fokker-Planck and Liouville equations. The approach is expanded to a general concept of intelligent control via expectations. Relevance to control in livings is emphasized and illustrated by neural nets with mirror neurons.

  16. Power system distributed oscilation detection based on Synchrophasor data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ning, Jiawei

    Along with increasing demand for electricity, integration of renewable energy and deregulation of power market, power industry is facing unprecedented challenges nowadays. Within the last couple of decades, several serious blackouts have been taking place in United States. As an effective approach to prevent that, power system small signal stability monitoring has been drawing more interests and attentions from researchers. With wide-spread implementation of Synchrophasors around the world in the last decade, power systems real-time online monitoring becomes much more feasible. Comparing with planning study analysis, real-time online monitoring would benefit control room operators immediately and directly. Among all online monitoring methods, Oscillation Modal Analysis (OMA), a modal identification method based on routine measurement data where the input is unmeasured ambient excitation, is a great tool to evaluate and monitor power system small signal stability. Indeed, high sampling Synchrophasor data around power system is fitted perfectly as inputs to OMA. Existing methods in OMA for power systems are all based on centralized algorithms applying at control centers only; however, with rapid growing number of online Synchrophasors the computation burden at control centers is and will be continually exponentially expanded. The increasing computation time at control center compromises the real-time feature of online monitoring. The communication efforts between substation and control center will also be out of reach. Meanwhile, it is difficult or even impossible for centralized algorithms to detect some poorly damped local modes. In order to avert previous shortcomings of centralized OMA methods and embrace the new changes in the power systems, two new distributed oscillation detection methods with two new decentralized structures are presented in this dissertation. Since the new schemes brought substations into the big oscillation detection picture, the proposed

  17. Design of a distributed control system for a robotic mannequin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A robotic mannequin with thirty eight degrees of movement freedom has been designed and is currently being developed. The mannequin will be used to test the effectiveness of protective clothing in hazardous environments. By simulating human movements and positions, the mannequin will be able to test the effectiveness of protective clothing in a realistic, workplace environment. The accuracy afforded by the mannequin has not been possible to date without using human testers. In addition to this realistic environment, reproducible and standardized testing will be achieved by using the mannequin's programmed and repetitive test routines. During testing, special sensors will detect any penetration of the protective clothing by the hostile environment. The robotic mannequin's control system provides the control and monitoring of multiple joints and also controls the ancillary systems: breathing, perspiration, skin heating, sampling of chemical reagents, and test data recording. A block diagram of the mannequin control system is depicted. The control system architecture has been designed in three distinct sub-systems: the host computer, graphics processor, and distributed control system. These three subsystems together provide complete setup, operation, testing and maintenance functions

  18. Asymptotic distributions in the projection pursuit based canonical correlation analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, associations between two sets of random variables based on the projection pursuit (PP) method are studied. The asymptotic normal distributions of estimators of the PP based canonical correlations and weighting vectors are derived.

  19. Programmable System on Chip Distributed Communication and Control Approach for Human Adaptive Mechanical System

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmad A.M. Faudzi; Suzumori, K

    2010-01-01

    Problem statement: Communication and control are two main components in any Mechatronics system. They can be designed either by centralized or decentralized approach. Both approaches can be chosen based on application designed and specific requirements of the designer. In this study, decentralized or normally called distributed approach was selected to solved communication and control of a human adaptive mechanical system namely Intelligent Chair Tools (ICT). The ICT seating system is powered...

  20. A Distributed Multi-agent Control System for Power Consumption in Buildings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kosek, Anna Magdalena; Gehrke, Oliver

    This paper presents a distributed controller for adjusting the electrical consumption of a residential building in response to an external power setpoint in Watts. The controller is based on a multi-agent system and has been implemented in JCSP. It is modularly built, capable of self......-configuration and adopting to a dynamic environment. The paper describes the overall architecture and the design of the individual agents. Preliminary results from proof-of-concept tests on a real building are included....

  1. TRANSFORM DOMAIN SLICE BASED DISTRIBUTED VIDEO CODING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SAMIR BELHOUARI

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Distributed video coding depends heavily on the virtual channel model. Due to the limitations of the side information estimation one stationary model does not properly describe the virtual channel. In this work the correlation noise is modelled per slice to obtain location-specific correlation noise model. The resulting delay from the lengthy Slepian-Wolf (SW codec input is also reduced by reducing the length of SW codec input. The proposed solution does not impose any extra complexity, it utilizes the existing resources. The results presented here support the proposed algorithm.

  2. Chassis Control based on Fuzzy Logic

    OpenAIRE

    Vivas Lopez, Carlos Albertos; Morales-Menendez, Ruben; Ramirez-Mendoza, Ricardo,; Sename, Olivier; Dugard, Luc

    2016-01-01

    Based on a Global Chassis Control system with three-layers architecture (decision, control, and physical layers) a Fuzzy Logic (FL) approach is exploited. The FL based decision layer identifies the current driving condition of the vehicle and decides the control strategy to take care of this driving condition. A confusion matrix validates the classification results. The control strategy is implemented through the subsystems (suspension, steering, and braking) at the FL based control layer. Th...

  3. Effect of locus of resource control on operational efficiency in distributed operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geoffroy, A. L.

    1991-01-01

    The following topics are presented in view graph form: space network control (SNC) usage in the Advanced Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (ATDRSS) era; an acronym and icon list; demands of the SNC; tightness of resources coupling; sharing information and sharing control; potential ways of distributing control; efficiency problems unrelated to distribution of control; efficiency problems related to distribution of control; and recommendations.

  4. Controlling Price-Responsive Heat Pumps for Overload Elimination in Distribution Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Csetvei, Zsuzsa; Østergaard, Jacob; Nyeng, Preben

    2011-01-01

    system, and is extended with a local price control for overload elimination on the corresponding feeder. The paper presents the mathematical models of a two-node system with price-responsive heat pumps, the chosen methodology of the central price calculation, and the proposed local feedback control......This paper investigates the possibility of applying electric heat pumps with the control-by-price-concept in order to avoid overload in a local distribution system. The proposed control algorithm is based upon a centrally dispatched real-time market price, reflecting the state of a larger power...

  5. Docking System Design and Self-Assembly Control of Distributed Swarm Flying Robots

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongxing Wei

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a novel docking system design and the distributed self‐assembly control strategy for a Distributed Swarm Flying Robot (DSFR. The DSFR is a swarm robot comprising many identical robot modules that are able to move on the ground, dock with each other and fly coordinately once self‐assembled into a robotic structure. A generalized adjacency matrix method is proposed to describe the configurations of robotic structures. Based on the docking system and the adjacency matrix, experiments are performed to demonstrate and verify the self‐assembly control strategy.

  6. A Study of Transmission Control Method for Distributed Parameters Measurement in Large Factories and Storehouses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shujing Su

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available For the characteristics of parameters dispersion in large factories, storehouses, and other applications, a distributed parameter measurement system is designed that is based on the ring network. The structure of the system and the circuit design of the master-slave node are described briefly. The basic protocol architecture about transmission communication is introduced, and then this paper comes up with two kinds of distributed transmission control methods. Finally, the reliability, extendibility, and control characteristic of these two methods are tested through a series of experiments. Moreover, the measurement results are compared and discussed.

  7. Design of the distributed control system for HTS molten salt test loop

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS) is the distributed control system software which is commonly used in large-scale experimental physics facilities. Purpose: We wish to apply it into the field of molten salt reactor relevant process control, e.g. HTS 1st test loop of thorium-based molten salt reactor (TMSR), which is characterized by heating, circulation, cooling and other process control. Methods: During the development of EPICS based control system, the Simense S7-300 PLC and Yokogawa FA-M3 PLC hardware drivers specification format transformation has been done, to support the Autosave and devIocState plug, and ASYN serial communication between the DTI-1000 reference digital temperature indicator and the EPICS IOC has been developed with the StreamDevice packages, also EDM interface program was modified to support PV control of the 'molten salt flow', 'fans', 'molten salt pump rotation', etc. by dynamic symbols. Results: EPICS based control system achieved the standardized communication of three hardwares with different types, the monitoring and storage of nearly 500 process variables, and the dynamic monitoring of control process. Conclusions: The EPICS-based control system can achieve the molten salt heating, feeding, cooling and other process control of the molten salt test loop. Safety analysis and research of control system requires further efforts to implement. (authors)

  8. A Dynamic Reactive Power Control for DFIG Wind Turbines and Its Impacts on Distribution Protections

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    With the increasing penetration of distributed generations (DGs) into power grids, the fault ride-through ability of DG is attracting more and more attention. Recent grid codes require a DG to maintain its connection with the grid during grid faults and to play an active role in the recovery of grid voltage. This paper chooses the doubly- fed induction generator (DFIG) as the typical wind turbine for study. Firstly, a dynamic reactive power control strategy is proposed to improve the fault ride-through characteristic of a DFIG. The contributions of a DFIG to the fault current under the dynamic reactive power control and the Crowbar control are analyzed and compared based on the mathematical expressions and control behaviors. The impacts of a DFIG under two control strategies on distribution protections are discussed. Studies show that although a DFIG under the dynamic reactive power control provides more fault current component than one under the Crowbar control, its impacts on distribution protections are acceptable. Finally, a 10 kV distribution network with a DFIG is simulated in PowerFactory DIgSILENT. The simulation results prove the correctness of above theoretical analysis.

  9. A distributed model predictive control (MPC) fault reconfiguration strategy for formation flying satellites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esfahani, N. R.; Khorasani, K.

    2016-05-01

    In this paper, an active distributed (also referred to as semi-decentralised) fault recovery control scheme is proposed that employs inaccurate and unreliable fault information into a model-predictive-control-based design. The objective is to compensate for the identified actuator faults that are subject to uncertainties and detection time delays, in the attitude control subsystems of formation flying satellites. The proposed distributed fault recovery scheme is developed through a two-level hierarchical framework. In the first level, or the agent level, the fault is recovered locally to maintain as much as possible the design specifications, feasibility, and tracking performance of all the agents. In the second level, or the formation level, the recovery is carried out by enhancing the entire team performance. The fault recovery performance of our proposed distributed (semi-decentralised) scheme is compared with two other alternative schemes, namely the centralised and the decentralised fault recovery schemes. It is shown that the distributed (semi-decentralised) fault recovery scheme satisfies the recovery design specifications and also imposes lower fault compensation control effort cost and communication bandwidth requirements as compared to the centralised scheme. Our proposed distributed (semi-decentralised) scheme also outperforms the achievable performance capabilities of the decentralised scheme. Simulation results corresponding to a network of four precision formation flight satellites are also provided to demonstrate and illustrate the advantages of our proposed distributed (semi-decentralised) fault recovery strategy.

  10. Analysis on Structural Control of Coal Distribution in the Northern Qaidam Basin, NW China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Tianji; WANG Tong; ZHAN Wenfeng

    2008-01-01

    The distribution of the Jurassic coal measures in the northern Qaidam Basin is obviously controlled by the regional structures. Based on the existing data of coalfield exploration and combined with the analysis of coalfield basement structures, features of the main faults, and the distribution of coal measures, this paper brings forward a scheme of coalfield tectonic divisional units and the definition of the coal-controlling structural styles in the northern Qaidam Basin. The structure control of the distribution of coal measures is further discussed. Several stages of regional tectonic activities since the Indosinian has led to the distribution of coal measures into the characteristics of zonation from the north to south and block from east to west. The results indicate that the structural deformations are the most intense in the front of the three uplifted belts, which are characterized by the combination of thrusts. The coal measures are uplifted to the shallow formations, and are easy to be exploited, but the scale of mines is small because of serious damages by the coal distribution. On the contrary, the stress and strain are weak in the three depressions, with the coal-controlling structural styles being mainly the thrust-fold and thrust-monocline combinations. The distribution of coals in the depressions is relatively stable. The shallower part of the depression will become the key areas for exploration and development of coal resources in the northern Qaidam Basin.

  11. Using Model Checking for Analyzing Distributed Power Control Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Brihaye

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Model checking (MC is a formal verification technique which has been known and still knows a resounding success in the computer science community. Realizing that the distributed power control (PC problem can be modeled by a timed game between a given transmitter and its environment, the authors wanted to know whether this approach can be applied to distributed PC. It turns out that it can be applied successfully and allows one to analyze realistic scenarios including the case of discrete transmit powers and games with incomplete information. The proposed methodology is as follows. We state some objectives a transmitter-receiver pair would like to reach. The network is modeled by a game where transmitters are considered as timed automata interacting with each other. The objectives are then translated into timed alternating-time temporal logic formulae and MC is exploited to know whether the desired properties are verified and determine a winning strategy.

  12. Fermilab Muon Campus g-2 Cryogenic Distribution Remote Control System

    CERN Document Server

    Pei, L; Klebaner, A; Soyars, W; Bossert, R

    2015-01-01

    The Muon Campus (MC) is able to measure Muon g-2 with high precision and comparing its value to the theoretical prediction. The MC has four 300 KW screw compressors and four liquid helium refrigerators. The centerpiece of the Muon g-2 experiment at Fermilab is a large, 50-foot-diameter superconducting muon storage ring. This one-of-a-kind ring, made of steel, aluminum and superconducting wire, was built for the previous g-2 experiment at Brookhaven. Due to each subsystem has to be far away from each other and be placed in the distant location, therefore, Siemens Process Control System PCS7-400, Automation Direct DL205 & DL05 PLC, Synoptic and Fermilab ACNET HMI are the ideal choices as the MC g-2 cryogenic distribution real-time and on-Line remote control system. This paper presents a method which has been successfully used by many Fermilab distribution cryogenic real-time and On-Line remote control systems.

  13. Fermilab Muon Campus g-2 Cryogenic Distribution Remote Control System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pei, L.; Theilacker, J.; Klebaner, A.; Soyars, W.; Bossert, R.

    2015-12-01

    The Muon Campus (MC) is able to measure Muon g-2 with high precision and comparing its value to the theoretical prediction. The MC has four 300 KW screw compressors and four liquid helium refrigerators. The centerpiece of the Muon g-2 experiment at Fermilab is a large, 50-foot-diameter superconducting muon storage ring. This one-of-a-kind ring, made of steel, aluminum and superconducting wire, was built for the previous g-2 experiment at Brookhaven. Because each subsystem has to be far away from each other and be placed in the distant location, Siemens Process Control System PCS7-400, Automation Direct DL205 & DL05 PLC, Synoptic and Fermilab ACNET HMI are the ideal choices as the MC g-2 cryogenic distribution real-time and on-Line remote control system. This paper presents a method which has been successfully used by many Fermilab distribution cryogenic real-time and On-Line remote control systems.

  14. Fermilab Muon Campus g-2 Cryogenic Distribution Remote Control System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pei, L.; Theilacker, J.; Klebaner, A.; Soyars, W.; Bossert, R.

    2015-11-05

    The Muon Campus (MC) is able to measure Muon g-2 with high precision and comparing its value to the theoretical prediction. The MC has four 300 KW screw compressors and four liquid helium refrigerators. The centerpiece of the Muon g-2 experiment at Fermilab is a large, 50-foot-diameter superconducting muon storage ring. This one-of-a-kind ring, made of steel, aluminum and superconducting wire, was built for the previous g-2 experiment at Brookhaven. Due to each subsystem has to be far away from each other and be placed in the distant location, therefore, Siemens Process Control System PCS7-400, Automation Direct DL205 & DL05 PLC, Synoptic and Fermilab ACNET HMI are the ideal choices as the MC g-2 cryogenic distribution real-time and on-Line remote control system. This paper presents a method which has been successfully used by many Fermilab distribution cryogenic real-time and On-Line remote control systems.

  15. The design and use of distributed object technology in control systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CERN research and development project (RD-38), named control information system concepts based on encapsulated real-time objects (CICERO), aims to identify and design the main building blocks of a generic control information system using emerging object-based methods. The project will produce an integrating framework into which distributed user control objects may be plugged (and played) and a supporting control information system for the configuration and management of that framework. Development of Cortex will follow the ESA PSS-05-02 software engineering standards. Cortex will provide an environment which allows control systems to share information, control and analysis functions; which presents a uniform human interface; which permits upgrades and additions without code modification; and which is sufficiently generic to allow its use by most of the existing or future control systems at CERN. It will provide both high level data access, abstracting objects to a level appropriate for online control and low level data access to allow views of experimental sub-components for detailed control. Additionally, the Cortex system shall enable developers to grow their control systems from a lab-based test system to the complete experimental system and must therefore be both scalable and flexible to change. Technical solutions will be identified in CICERO which could later be the major components of a basic turnkey control system for future medium to large scale high energy physics (HEP) experiments and accelerators as well as for industrial control systems. (author). 6 refs

  16. Next Generation Multimedia Distributed Data Base Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pendleton, Stuart E.

    1997-01-01

    The paradigm of client/server computing is changing. The model of a server running a monolithic application and supporting clients at the desktop is giving way to a different model that blurs the line between client and server. We are on the verge of plunging into the next generation of computing technology--distributed object-oriented computing. This is not only a change in requirements but a change in opportunities, and requires a new way of thinking for Information System (IS) developers. The information system demands caused by global competition are requiring even more access to decision making tools. Simply, object-oriented technology has been developed to supersede the current design process of information systems which is not capable of handling next generation multimedia.

  17. The use of distributed microprocessors for control devices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The use of distributed individual microprocessors provided the basis for the development of the μZ system, which is a modular numerical control device which in its main part contains no elements whatever with multiple functions. With this system, total availability of control is achieved and the failure of any individual element causes loss of automatic control only over one actuator or over a small group of interdependent actuators. The human operator, who cannot be omitted even with an inherently safe control system, can operate the single faulty channel manually. The microprocessors have a free-format with which all possible algorithms within the limits of the memory size of the various cards can be performed. This program can be loaded either in random access memory (RAM) or in read-only memory (ROM). The configuration is made either by assembling software modules in a hard-copy dialogue without any knowledge of data processing being necessary, or from a program written in Fortran. If the user does not have a configurator he can use read-only memories supplied by the manufacter either in the standard form or in a requested design. The parameters are loaded by means of a portable microconsole whose keyboard and displays can be used for a hard-copy dialogue with the regulating cards. Manual control and indications can be carried out from three completely independent configurations which can be used separately or in parallel: individual station, multiple-function station or cathode colour console. (author)

  18. Predictive PID Control Based on GPC Control of Inverted Pendulum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Safa Bouhajar

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Having regard to the large application of the inverted pendulum in robotic system, this study is interested in controlling this process with two strategies of controls. The first proposed control is the state feedback with an observer based on the Generalized Predictive Control (GPC algorithm. In the second proposed control we used the characteristic of predictive control GPC to improve the performance of the classical PID controller. The obtained results have been discussed and compared; the simulation results obtained by the predictive PID control are mentioned.

  19. Distributed Data Acquisition and Control by Software Bus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cecil Bruce-Boye; Dmitry A. Kazakov

    2004-01-01

    Increasing global competition forces manufacturers of products from all technical fields to guarantee a high product quality for a long period of time. At the same time it is necessary to minimize production costs. In order to meet all these requirements, on-line data acquisition and processing are of increasing importance in distributed automation systems. A software bus operating on industrial Ethernet has an ability to minimize operating costs by offering easy installation, scalability,high degree of reliability and remote monitoring and control.

  20. 基于反馈控制原理的应急物资分配动态决策过程分析%Dynamic Decision-making for Emergency Material Distribution: An Feedback-control-based Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏萍; 刘凯

    2011-01-01

    With the establishment of quick response mechanism for disaster relief logistics operations, emergency material distribution has assumed added importance in alleviating the damage of natural disasters. Emergency material is dynamic in its distribution process. In view of such property, the paper formulates the distribution decision-making model for emergency materials on the basis of feedback-control principles and analyzes its decision-making process in disaster relieving operations.%随着灾害应急物流系统快速响应机制的建立,应急物资分配在降低自然灾害的影响方面体现出重要作用.应急物资需求具有突发性和动态性等特征,资源的分配是一个动态的过程.基于此借鉴反馈控制原理构建应急物资分配决策模型,对灾害应急物流中的应急物资分配动态决策过程进行分析.

  1. 基于控制营销理念的药品流通渠道构建策略%The Strategy of Building Drug Distribution Channel based on the Marketing Control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜南岚; 谢海燕; 覃兆波

    2012-01-01

    The pharmaceutical distribution market emphasized the "terminal" ,so more and more manufacturers pay attention to the management of circulation channel, which is the need of controlling the Circulation Cost, reducing the price of drugs, also is the need of expanding the market, improving the competitiveness of products.The paper introduces the concept of drug circulation channel and marketing control, and then analyzes the cur- rent situation and problems. Finally, the paper elaborates the strategies to build a drug distribution channels from three aspects: Strategic, management and technology.%在强调以"终端为王"的药品流通市场,众多生产厂家越来越重视药品流通渠道的管理,这既是控制流通成本、降低终端药品价格的需要,也是扩大市场、提高产品竞争力的需要。全文首先介绍了药品流通渠道及"控制营销"的概念,然后分析了药品流通渠道的现状及问题,最后从战略、管理、技术三个方面阐述了药品流通渠道构建策略。

  2. A distributed microprocessor system for spacecraft control and data handling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rennels, D. A.

    1977-01-01

    The specific requirements for spacecraft computing systems are considered. These requirements are partly related to the constraints of limited resources of power, weight, and volume. Another important factor is the requirement of extremely high reliability. These reliability requirements have led to introduction of automated redundancy techniques on board the spacecraft. The various redundant computers check each other and provide recovery procedures when a computer is found to have failed. Past and future capabilities are considered along with distributed processing requirements. System considerations are discussed, taking into account suboptimum computer throughput, sensitivity to software modifications, hierarchic timing, I/O granularity, restricted communications, synchronous functions, hierarchic control, and concurrent error detection. A description is presented of the Unified Data System (UDS), which consists of a set of standard microcomputers connected by several buses. Attention is also given to synchronization and timing, the executive control structure, the programming language, and the executive program.

  3. A High-Availability, Distributed Hardware Control System Using Java

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niessner, Albert F.

    2011-01-01

    Two independent coronagraph experiments that require 24/7 availability with different optical layouts and different motion control requirements are commanded and controlled with the same Java software system executing on many geographically scattered computer systems interconnected via TCP/IP. High availability of a distributed system requires that the computers have a robust communication messaging system making the mix of TCP/IP (a robust transport), and XML (a robust message) a natural choice. XML also adds the configuration flexibility. Java then adds object-oriented paradigms, exception handling, heavily tested libraries, and many third party tools for implementation robustness. The result is a software system that provides users 24/7 access to two diverse experiments with XML files defining the differences

  4. Stabilizing model predictive control for constrained nonlinear distributed delay systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahboobi Esfanjani, R; Nikravesh, S K Y

    2011-04-01

    In this paper, a model predictive control scheme with guaranteed closed-loop asymptotic stability is proposed for a class of constrained nonlinear time-delay systems with discrete and distributed delays. A suitable terminal cost functional and also an appropriate terminal region are utilized to achieve asymptotic stability. To determine the terminal cost, a locally asymptotically stabilizing controller is designed and an appropriate Lyapunov-Krasoskii functional of the locally stabilized system is employed as the terminal cost. Furthermore, an invariant set for locally stabilized system which is established by using the Razumikhin Theorem is used as the terminal region. Simple conditions are derived to obtain terminal cost and terminal region in terms of Bilinear Matrix Inequalities. The method is illustrated by a numerical example. PMID:21232739

  5. Distributed linac control system featuring SDLC loop communication

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A distributed control system has been designed as a possible replacement for the existing analog and digital interface equipment in use at the Fermilab 200-MeV linear accelerator. In addition to replacing the present interface the present interface equipment that is no longer supported by the manufacturer, the goals for a new system include improved reliability, easier maintenance and faster monitoring of accelerator parameters. About 15 local microcomputers, one for each major linac system, would be fabricated from commercially available Multibus-compatible hardware. These local stations can operate as stand-alone systems, providing control and readout of parameters to facilitate maintenance of the accelerator components. Values of all critical devices can be monitored at the accelerator repetition rate (15 Hz), so that beam may be inhibited by any out-of-tolerance reading on a pulse-to-pulse basis, to prevent unnecessary and damaging beam loss

  6. Memory intensive functional architecture for distributed computer control systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A memory-intensive functional architectue for distributed data-acquisition, monitoring, and control systems with large numbers of nodes has been conceptually developed and applied in several large-scale and some smaller systems. This discussion concentrates on: (1) the basic architecture; (2) recent expansions of the architecture which now become feasible in view of the rapidly developing component technologies in microprocessors and functional large-scale integration circuits; and (3) implementation of some key hardware and software structures and one system implementation which is a system for performing control and data acquisition of a neutron spectrometer at the Brookhaven High Flux Beam Reactor. The spectrometer is equipped with a large-area position-sensitive neutron detector

  7. ROBUST INTERNAL MODEL CONTROL STRATEGY BASED PID CONTROLLER FOR BLDCM

    OpenAIRE

    A.PURNA CHANDRA RAO; Y. P. OBULESU,; CH. SAI BABU

    2010-01-01

    All the closed loop control system requires the controller for improvement of transient response of the error signal. Though the tuning of PID controller in real time is bit difficult and moreover it lacks the disturbance rejection capability. This paper presents a tuning of PID parameters based on internal model strategy. The advantageous of the proposed control strategy is well described in the paper. To test the validity of the proposed control, it is implemented in brushless dc motor driv...

  8. A Study of Model for Distributed Measurement and Control System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang,Jin; Zhong,Yifang

    2003-01-01

    This paper is concerned with a method for formingdistributed measurement and control system. A three-layerstructure model based on network, physical node layer and func-tion node layer is discussed. It is designed on object-orientedsoftware method. The model has a fine application prospect.

  9. Voltage-Sensitive Load Controllers for Voltage Regulation and Increased Load Factor in Distribution Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Douglass, Philip James; Garcia-Valle, Rodrigo; Østergaard, Jacob;

    2014-01-01

    -voltage distribution systems with residential loads including voltage-sensitive water heaters. In low-voltage systems, the results of the simulations show the controller to be effective at reducing the extremes of voltage and increasing the load factor while respecting end-use temperature constraints. In medium......This paper presents a novel controller design for controlling appliances based on local measurements of voltage. The controller finds the normalized voltage deviation accounting for the sensitivity of voltage measurements to appliance state. The controller produces a signal indicating desired power...... consumption which can be mapped to temperature setpoint offsets of thermostat controlled loads. In networks where a lower voltage level corresponds to high system load (and vice versa), this controller acts to regulate voltage and increase the load factor. Simulations are conducted on low- and medium...

  10. Product Distribution Theory for Control of Multi-Agent Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Chia Fan; Wolpert, David H.

    2004-01-01

    Product Distribution (PD) theory is a new framework for controlling Multi-Agent Systems (MAS's). First we review one motivation of PD theory, as the information-theoretic extension of conventional full-rationality game theory to the case of bounded rational agents. In this extension the equilibrium of the game is the optimizer of a Lagrangian of the (probability distribution of) the joint stare of the agents. Accordingly we can consider a team game in which the shared utility is a performance measure of the behavior of the MAS. For such a scenario the game is at equilibrium - the Lagrangian is optimized - when the joint distribution of the agents optimizes the system's expected performance. One common way to find that equilibrium is to have each agent run a reinforcement learning algorithm. Here we investigate the alternative of exploiting PD theory to run gradient descent on the Lagrangian. We present computer experiments validating some of the predictions of PD theory for how best to do that gradient descent. We also demonstrate how PD theory can improve performance even when we are not allowed to rerun the MAS from different initial conditions, a requirement implicit in some previous work.

  11. AntNet: Distributed Stigmergetic Control for Communications Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Di Caro, G

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduces AntNet, a novel approach to the adaptive learning of routing tables in communications networks. AntNet is a distributed, mobile agents based Monte Carlo system that was inspired by recent work on the ant colony metaphor for solving optimization problems. AntNet's agents concurrently explore the network and exchange collected information. The communication among the agents is indirect and asynchronous, mediated by the network itself. This form of communication is typical of social insects and is called stigmergy. We compare our algorithm with six state-of-the-art routing algorithms coming from the telecommunications and machine learning fields. The algorithms' performance is evaluated over a set of realistic testbeds. We run many experiments over real and artificial IP datagram networks with increasing number of nodes and under several paradigmatic spatial and temporal traffic distributions. Results are very encouraging. AntNet showed superior performance under all the experimental condit...

  12. Status of the Use of Large-Scale Corba-Distributed Software Framework for NIF Controls

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Integrated Computer Control System (ICCS) for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) is based on a scalable software framework that will be distributed over some 750 Computers throughout the NIF. The framework provides templates and services at multiple levels of abstraction for the construction of software applications that communicate via CORBA (Common Object Request Broker Architecture). Object-oriented software design patterns are implemented as templates to be extended by application software. Developers extend the framework base classes to model the numerous physical control points. About 140 thousand software objects, each individually addressable through CORBA, will be active at full scale. Most of the objects have persistent state that is initialized at system start-up and stored in a database. Centralized server programs that implement events, alerts, reservations, message logging, data archive, name services, and process management provide additional framework services. A higher-level model-based, distributed shot automation framework also provides a flexible and scalable scripted framework for automatic sequencing of work-flow for control and monitoring of NIF shots. The ICCS software framework has allowed for efficient construction of a software system that supports a large number of distributed control points representing a complex control application. Status of the use of this framework during first experimental shot campaigns and initial commissioning and build-out of the laser facility is described

  13. Flutter of wings involving a locally distributed flexible control surface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mozaffari-Jovin, S.; Firouz-Abadi, R. D.; Roshanian, J.

    2015-11-01

    This paper undertakes to facilitate appraisal of aeroelastic interaction of a locally distributed, flap-type control surface with aircraft wings operating in a subsonic potential flow field. The extended Hamilton's principle serves as a framework to ascertain the Euler-Lagrange equations for coupled bending-torsional-flap vibration. An analytical solution to this boundary-value problem is then accomplished by assumed modes and the extended Galerkin's method. The developed aeroelastic model considers both the inherent flexibility of the control surface displaced on the wing and the inertial coupling between these two flexible bodies. The structural deformations also obey the Euler-Bernoulli beam theory, along with the Kelvin-Voigt viscoelastic constitutive law. Meanwhile, the unsteady thin-airfoil and strip theories are the tools of producing the three-dimensional airloads. The origin of aerodynamic instability undergoes analysis in light of the oscillatory loads as well as the loads owing to arbitrary motions. After successful verification of the model, a systematic flutter survey was conducted on the theoretical effects of various control surface parameters. The results obtained demonstrate that the flapping modes and parameters of the control surface can significantly impact the flutter characteristics of the wings, which leads to a series of pertinent conclusions.

  14. ARC Control Tower: A flexible generic distributed job management framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nilsen, J. K.; Cameron, D.; Filipčič, A.

    2015-12-01

    While current grid middleware implementations are quite advanced in terms of connecting jobs to resources, their client tools are generally quite minimal and features for managing large sets of jobs are left to the user to implement. The ARC Control Tower (aCT) is a very flexible job management framework that can be run on anything from a single users laptop to a multi-server distributed setup. aCT was originally designed to enable ATLAS jobs to be submitted to the ARC CE. However, with the recent redesign of aCT where the ATLAS specific elements are clearly separated from the ARC job management parts, the control tower can now easily be reused as a flexible generic distributed job manager for other communities. This paper will give a detailed explanation how aCT works as a job management framework and go through the steps needed to create a simple job manager using aCT and show that it can easily manage thousands of jobs.

  15. Electrical system design of loading test based on distributed control%基于分布式控制的某加载试验电气测控系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任新胜; 王纪森; 赵雅菲

    2013-01-01

    According to the characteristics of the aircraft doors pneumatic loading tests,the measurement and control requirements of 21 loading channel are analyzed,the distributed control scheme is applied and the structure of the upper and lower computer is used; reasonable circuit design and Suitable PCI card are selected to complete the acquisition and Communication function of the lower computer; in the upper computer,supervisory control and data acquisition are realized through the LabWindows/CVI platform,Using the technology of multithreaded mechanism and the multimedia timer to ensure real-time requirements of the multi-channel distributed systems,and the electrical design in the ground simulated flight test works well and fully meet the requirements of the test in every index.%针对飞机舱门气动加载试验的特点,分析了21个加载通道的测控要求,应用分布式控制方案,采用上下住机结构;选用PCI板卡及合理的调理电路设计,完成了下住机的采集通信功能;上位机中,在labWindows/CVI平台下实现了了监督控制与数据采集,利用多线程机制及多媒体定时器技术,保证了多通道分布式系统中的实时性要求,该电气设计在地面模拟飞行试验中工作良好,充分满足了试验的各项指标要求.

  16. Stability Margin Scaling Laws for Distributed Formation Control as a Function of Network Structure

    CERN Document Server

    Hao, He; Mehta, Prashant G

    2010-01-01

    We consider the problem of distributed formation control of a large number of vehicles. An individual vehicle in the formation is assumed to be a fully actuated point mass. A distributed control law is examined: the control action on an individual vehicle depends on (i) its own velocity and (ii) the relative position measurements with a small subset of vehicles (neighbors) in the formation. The neighbors are defined according to an information graph. In this paper we describe a methodology for modeling, analysis, and distributed control design of such vehicular formations whose information graph is a D-dimensional lattice. The modeling relies on an approximation based on a partial differential equation (PDE) that describes the spatio-temporal evolution of position errors in the formation. The analysis and control design is based on the PDE model. We deduce asymptotic formulae for the closed-loop stability margin (absolute value of the real part of the least stable eigenvalue) of the controlled formation. The ...

  17. Distributed framework for dyanmic telescope and instrument control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ames, Troy J.; Case, Lynne

    2003-02-01

    Traditionally, instrument command and control systems have been developed specifically for a single instrument. Such solutions are frequently expensive and are inflexible to support the next instrument development effort. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center is developing an extensible framework, known as Instrument Remote Control (IRC) that applies to any kind of instrument that can be controlled by a computer. IRC combines the platform independent processing capabilities of Java with the power of the Extensible Markup Language (XML). A key aspect of the architecture is software that is driven by an instrument description, written using the Instrument Markup Language (IML). IML is an XML dialect used to describe graphical user interfaces to control and monitor the instrument, command sets and command formats, data streams, communication mechanisms, and data processing algorithms. The IRC framework provides the ability to communicate to components anywhere on a network using the JXTA protocol for dynamic discovery of distributed components. JXTA (see http://www.jxta.org) is a generalized protocol that allows any devices connected by a network to communicate in a peer-to-peer manner. IRC uses JXTA to advertise a devices IML and discover devices of interest on the network. Devices can join or leave the network and thus join or leave the instrument control environment of IRC. Currently, several astronomical instruments are working with the IRC development team to develop custom components for IRC to control their instruments. These instruments include: High resolution Airborne Wideband Camera (HAWC), a first light instrument for the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA); Submillimeter And Far Infrared Experiment (SAFIRE), a Principal Investigator instrument for SOFIA; and Fabry-Perot Interferometer Bolometer Research Experiment (FIBRE), a prototype of the SAFIRE instrument, used at the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory (CSO). Most recently, we have been

  18. Distributed Framework for Dynamic Telescope and Instrument Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ames, Troy J.; Case, Lynne

    2002-12-01

    Traditionally, instrument command and control systems have been developed specifically for a single instrument. Such solutions are frequently expensive and are inflexible to support the next instrument development effort. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center is developing an extensible framework, known as Instrument Remote Control (IRC) that applies to any kind of instrument that can be controlled by a computer. IRC combines the platform independent processing capabilities of Java with the power of the Extensible Markup Language (XML). A key aspect of the architecture is software that is driven by an instrument description, written using the Instrument Markup Language (IML). IML is an XML dialect used to describe graphical user interfaces to control and monitor the instrument, command sets and command formats, data streams, communication mechanisms, and data processing algorithms. The IRC framework provides the ability to communicate to components anywhere on a network using the JXTA protocol for dynamic discovery of distributed components. JXTA (see http://www.jxta.org) is a generalized protocol that allows any devices connected by a network to communicate in a peer-to-peer manner. IRC uses JXTA to advertise a device?s IML and discover devices of interest on the network. Devices can join or leave the network and thus join or leave the instrument control environment of IRC. Currently, several astronomical instruments are working with the IRC development team to develop custom components for IRC to control their instruments. These instruments include: High resolution Airborne Wideband Camera (HAWC), a first light instrument for the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA); Submillimeter And Far Infrared Experiment (SAFIRE), a principal investigator instrument for SOFIA; and Fabry-Perot Interferometer Bolometer Research Experiment (FIBRE), a prototype of the SAFIRE instrument, used at the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory (CSO). Most recently, we have

  19. Advanced Communication and Control of Distributed Energy Resources at Detroit Edison

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haukur Asgeirsson; Richard Seguin

    2004-01-31

    The project objective was to create the communication and control system, the process and the economic procedures that will allow owners (e.g., residential, commercial, industrial, manufacturing, etc.) of Distributed Energy Resources (DER) connected in parallel to the electric distribution to have their resources operated in a manner that protects the electric utility distribution network and personnel that may be working on the network. The Distribution Engineering Workstation (DEW) (a power flow and short circuit modeling tool) was modified to calculate the real-time characteristics of the distribution network based on the real-time electric distribution network information and provide DER operating suggestions to the Detroit Edison system operators so that regional electric stability is maintained. Part of the suggestion algorithm takes into account the operational availability of DER’s, which is known by the Energy Aggregator, DTE Energy Technologies. The availability information will be exchanged from DTE Energy Technologies to Detroit Edison. For the calculated suggestions to be used by the Detroit Edison operators, procedures were developed to allow an operator to operate a DER by requesting operation of the DER through DTE Energy Technologies. Prior to issuing control of a DER, the safety of the distribution network and personnel needs to be taken into account. This information will be exchanged from Detroit Edison to DTE Energy Technologies. Once it is safe to control the DER, DTE Energy Technologies will issue the control signal. The real-time monitoring of the DECo system will reflect the DER control. Multi-vendor DER technologies’ representing approximately 4 MW of capacity was monitored and controlled using a web-based communication path. The DER technologies included are a photovoltaic system, energy storage, fuel cells and natural gas/diesel internal combustion engine generators. This report documents Phase I result for the Detroit Edison

  20. Control of Unknown Chaotic Systems Based on Neural Predictive Control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Dong-Mei; WANG Zheng-Ou

    2003-01-01

    We introduce the predictive control into the control of chaotic system and propose a neural networkcontrol algorithm based on predictive control. The proposed control system stabilizes the chaotic motion in an unknownchaotic system onto the desired target trajectory. The proposed algorithm is simple and its convergence speed is muchhigher than existing similar algorithms. The control system can control hyperchaos. We analyze the stability of thecontrol system and prove the convergence property of the neural controller. The theoretic derivation and simulationsdemonstrate the effectiveness of the algorithm.