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Sample records for based design parameters

  1. Novel parameter-based flexure bearing design method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amoedo, Simon; Thebaud, Edouard; Gschwendtner, Michael; White, David

    2016-06-01

    A parameter study was carried out on the design variables of a flexure bearing to be used in a Stirling engine with a fixed axial displacement and a fixed outer diameter. A design method was developed in order to assist identification of the optimum bearing configuration. This was achieved through a parameter study of the bearing carried out with ANSYS®. The parameters varied were the number and the width of the arms, the thickness of the bearing, the eccentricity, the size of the starting and ending holes, and the turn angle of the spiral. Comparison was made between the different designs in terms of axial and radial stiffness, the natural frequency, and the maximum induced stresses. Moreover, the Finite Element Analysis (FEA) was compared to theoretical results for a given design. The results led to a graphical design method which assists the selection of flexure bearing geometrical parameters based on pre-determined geometric and material constraints.

  2. Design of cavern blasting based on controllable parameters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Shu-li; WANG Shu-ren; ZHU Jian-ming

    2008-01-01

    After a thorough review of some controllable parameters, which included field investigations, cavern dimensions, explosive, rock strength etc., cut, contour, lifters and stoping holes were introduced for blasting cavern of nucleus submarine. These design were conducted using a U. Langefors and B. Kihlstrom theory.

  3. Structural Design of Pavement Overlays Based on Functional Parameters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    This paper reports a practical pavement overlay design methodbased on PCI (Pavement Condition Index). Current pavement investigation method (JTJ 073-96) is compared to the ASTM D 5340, which is the standard test method for airport pavement condition evaluation initially developed for US Air Force. The deficiency in the calculation of PCI based on field data in JTJ 073 is discussed. The proposed design method is compared to AASHTO overlay design method with good agreement. The paper concludes with an example illustrating how the existing pavement structural capacity is related to pavement distress survey results. The presented design method can be used in the design for overlay rehabilitation of pavements of highways, urban streets and airports.

  4. Developing Spring-Roll Dielectric Elastomer Actuator System Based on Optimal Design Parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Besada Adeeb Anees

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available To develop a well designed practical spring-roll dielectric elastomer actuator system, we have to optimize the design parameters of spring-roll dielectric elastomer and develop a voltage supply that is able to pump enough controlled charges and provide a wide range of controlled voltages to the actuator. In this paper, switched based multistage charge pump driven by a controlled low voltage switching power supply and a voltage driver is proposed as a wide range output voltage supply. In this paper, based on the equations of state, new approaches for designing a spring-roll dielectric elastomer actuator have been developed. The key issue of the actuation range depends upon weather the actuator has a fixed load or variable multi-load. The achieved results based on the proposed approaches show that the applied voltage has been reduced and the design of the actuator is getting simpler.

  5. PARAMETER DESIGN PROPELLER KAPAL

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Ridwan; - Sulaiman

    2012-01-01

      Designer propeller kapal harus mempertimbangkan berbagai parameter untuk menghasilkan bentuk, type dan ukuran propeller yang memiliki nilai  efektifitas dan effisiensi propulsi tinggi. Propulsi kapal merupakan faktor yang mendominasi  operasional kapal, karena pemakaian bahan bakar untuk operasional propulsi kapal merupakan 42% dari total cost operasional kapal dan merupakan added value yang akan diperoleh oleh perusahaan pelayaran. Pertimbangan parameter desain propeller arg...

  6. Residue-based Coordinated Selection and Parameter Design of Multiple Power System Stabilizers (PSSs)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Su, Chi; Hu, Weihao; Fang, Jiakun;

    2013-01-01

    data from time domain simulations. Then a coordinated approach for multiple PSS selection and parameter design based on residue method is proposed and realized in MATLAB m-files. Particle swarm optimization (PSO) is adopted in the coordination process. The IEEE 39-bus New England system model......Residue method is a commonly used approach to design the parameters of a power system stabilizer (PSS). In this paper, a residue identification method is adopted to obtain the system residues for different input-output pairs, using the system identification toolbox in MATLAB with the measurement...... as the test system is built in DIgSIELNT PowerFactory 14.0, in which the proposed coordination method is validated by time domain simulations and modal analysis....

  7. Design parameter based method of partial discharge detection and location in power transformers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kumar Santosh Annadurai

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Insulation defect detection in time ensures higher operational reliability of power system assets. Power transformers are the most critical unit of power systems both from economical and operational front. Hence it becomes necessary to have knowledge of the actual insulation condition of transformer to increase dependability of the system. The performance and ageing of the transformer insulation is mainly affected by Partial discharges (PD. Proper diagnosis in terms of amplitude and location of partial discharge in a power transformer enables us to predict well in advance, with much confidence, the defect in insulation system, which avoids large catastrophic failures. In this work a 20kVA, 230/50kV single phase core type transformer is used for evaluation of the transfer function-based partial discharge detection and location using modeling of the winding, using design data. The simulation of capturing on-line PD pulses across the bushing tap capacitor is done for various tap positions. Standard PD source model is used to inject PD pulse signal at 10 tap locations in the winding and corresponding response signatures are captured at the bushing tap end (across 1000pF. The equivalent high frequency model of the winding is derived from the design parameters using analytical calculations and simulations in packages such as MAGNET and ANSOFT. The test conditions are simulated using ORCAD-9 and the results are evaluated for location accuracy using design parameter based PD monitoring method. .

  8. PARAMETER DESIGN PROPELLER KAPAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Ridwan

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available   Designer propeller kapal harus mempertimbangkan berbagai parameter untuk menghasilkan bentuk, type dan ukuran propeller yang memiliki nilai  efektifitas dan effisiensi propulsi tinggi. Propulsi kapal merupakan faktor yang mendominasi  operasional kapal, karena pemakaian bahan bakar untuk operasional propulsi kapal merupakan 42% dari total cost operasional kapal dan merupakan added value yang akan diperoleh oleh perusahaan pelayaran. Pertimbangan parameter desain propeller argonomis dapat mendukung tujuan di atas sehingga dapat menurunkan pemakaian bahan bakar hingga 20 % saat kapal dioperaionalkan.

  9. Design and Simulation of PID parameters self-tuning based on DC speed regulating system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feng Wei Jie

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The DC speed regulating system has many difficult issues such as system parameters and PID control parameters are difficult to determine. On the basis of model for a single closed-loop DC speed regulating system, this paper puts forward a method of PID parameters self-tuning based on the step response detection and reduced order equivalent. First, detect system step response and get response parameters. Then equal it to a second order system model, and achieve optimal PID control parameters based on optimal second order system to realize of PID parameters self-tuning. The PID parameters self-tuning process of DC speed regulating system is simulated with the help of MATLAB/Simulink. The simulation results show that the method is simple and effective. The system can obtain good dynamic and static performance when the PID parameters are applied to DC speed regulating system.

  10. Development of six sigma concurrent parameter and tolerance design method based on response surface methodology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Using Response Surface Methodology (RSM), an optimizing model of concurrent parameter and tolerance design is proposed where response mean equals its target in the target being best. The optimizing function of the model is the sum of quality loss and tolerance cost subjecting to the variance confidence region of which six sigma capability can be assured. An example is illustrated in order to compare the differences between the developed model and the parameter design with minimum variance. The results show ...

  11. Mathematical modeling and analysis of EDM process parameters based on Taguchi design of experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laxman, J.; Raj, K. Guru

    2015-12-01

    Electro Discharge Machining is a process used for machining very hard metals, deep and complex shapes by metal erosion in all types of electro conductive materials. The metal is removed through the action of an electric discharge of short duration and high current density between the tool and the work piece. The eroded metal on the surface of both work piece and the tool is flushed away by the dielectric fluid. The objective of this work is to develop a mathematical model for an Electro Discharge Machining process which provides the necessary equations to predict the metal removal rate, electrode wear rate and surface roughness. Regression analysis is used to investigate the relationship between various process parameters. The input parameters are taken as peak current, pulse on time, pulse off time, tool lift time. and the Metal removal rate, electrode wear rate and surface roughness are as responses. Experiments are conducted on Titanium super alloy based on the Taguchi design of experiments i.e. L27 orthogonal experiments.

  12. Development of six sigma concurrent parameter and tolerance design method based on response surface methodology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Using Response Surface Methodology (RSM), an optimizing model of concurrent parameter and tolerance design is proposed where response mean equals its target in the target being best. The optimizing function of the model is the sum of quality loss and tolerance cost subjecting to the variance confidence region of which six sigma capability can be assured. An example is illustrated in order to compare the differences between the developed model and the parameter design with minimum variance. The results show that the proposed method not only achieves robustness, but also greatly reduces cast. The objectives of high quality and low cost of product and process can be achieved simultaneously by the application of six sigma concurrent parameter and tolerance design.

  13. Design of a telemetry system based on wireless power transmission for physiological parameter monitoring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jia, Zhiwei, E-mail: jiayege@hotmail.com [College of Electrical and Information Engineering, Changsha University of Science and Technology, Changsha (China); Yan, Guozheng; Zhu, Bingquan [820 Institute, School of Electronic Information and Electrical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai (China)

    2015-04-15

    An implanted telemetry system for experimental animals with or without anaesthesia can be used to continuously monitor physiological parameters. This system is significant not only in the study of organisms but also in the evaluation of drug efficacy, artificial organs, and auxiliary devices. The system is composed of a miniature electronic capsule, a wireless power transmission module, a data-recording device, and a processing module. An electrocardiograph, a temperature sensor, and a pressure sensor are integrated in the miniature electronic capsule, in which the signals are transmitted in vitro by wireless communication after filtering, amplification, and A/D sampling. To overcome the power shortage of batteries, a wireless power transmission module based on electromagnetic induction was designed. The transmitting coil of a rectangular-section solenoid and a 3D receiving coil are proposed according to stability and safety constraints. Experiments show that at least 150 mW of power could pick up on the load in a volume of Φ10.5 mm × 11 mm, with a transmission efficiency of 2.56%. Vivisection experiments verified the feasibility of the integrated radio-telemetry system.

  14. Design of a telemetry system based on wireless power transmission for physiological parameter monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jia, Zhiwei; Yan, Guozheng; Zhu, Bingquan

    2015-04-01

    An implanted telemetry system for experimental animals with or without anaesthesia can be used to continuously monitor physiological parameters. This system is significant not only in the study of organisms but also in the evaluation of drug efficacy, artificial organs, and auxiliary devices. The system is composed of a miniature electronic capsule, a wireless power transmission module, a data-recording device, and a processing module. An electrocardiograph, a temperature sensor, and a pressure sensor are integrated in the miniature electronic capsule, in which the signals are transmitted in vitro by wireless communication after filtering, amplification, and A/D sampling. To overcome the power shortage of batteries, a wireless power transmission module based on electromagnetic induction was designed. The transmitting coil of a rectangular-section solenoid and a 3D receiving coil are proposed according to stability and safety constraints. Experiments show that at least 150 mW of power could pick up on the load in a volume of Φ10.5 mm × 11 mm, with a transmission efficiency of 2.56%. Vivisection experiments verified the feasibility of the integrated radio-telemetry system.

  15. Design of a telemetry system based on wireless power transmission for physiological parameter monitoring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An implanted telemetry system for experimental animals with or without anaesthesia can be used to continuously monitor physiological parameters. This system is significant not only in the study of organisms but also in the evaluation of drug efficacy, artificial organs, and auxiliary devices. The system is composed of a miniature electronic capsule, a wireless power transmission module, a data-recording device, and a processing module. An electrocardiograph, a temperature sensor, and a pressure sensor are integrated in the miniature electronic capsule, in which the signals are transmitted in vitro by wireless communication after filtering, amplification, and A/D sampling. To overcome the power shortage of batteries, a wireless power transmission module based on electromagnetic induction was designed. The transmitting coil of a rectangular-section solenoid and a 3D receiving coil are proposed according to stability and safety constraints. Experiments show that at least 150 mW of power could pick up on the load in a volume of Φ10.5 mm × 11 mm, with a transmission efficiency of 2.56%. Vivisection experiments verified the feasibility of the integrated radio-telemetry system

  16. a Simplified Parameter Design Method for Transformation Optics-Based Metamaterial Innovative Cloak

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ting-Hua; Huang, Ming; Yang, Jing-Jing; Lu, Jin; Cao, Hui-Lu

    2013-10-01

    Transformation optics-based innovative cloak which combines the virtues of both internal and external cloaks to enable arbitrary multi-objects hidden with visions and movements was first proposed by Huang et al. [Appl. Phys. Lett.101, 151901 (2012)]. But it is rather difficult to implement in practice, for the required material parameters vary with radius and even have singular values. To accelerate its practical realization but still keep good performance of invisibility, a simplified innovative cloak with only spatially varying axial parameter is developed via choosing appropriate transformation function. The advantage of such a cloak is that both radial and azimuthal parameters are constants, and all three components are nonsingular and finite. Full-wave simulation confirms the perfect cloaking effect of the cloak. Besides, the influences of metamaterials loss and parameter deviation on the performance of cloak are also investigated. This work provides a simple and feasible solution to push metamaterial-assisted innovative cloak more closely to the practice.

  17. Estimation Model of Spacecraft Parameters and Cost Based on a Statistical Analysis of COMPASS Designs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerberich, Matthew W.; Oleson, Steven R.

    2013-01-01

    The Collaborative Modeling for Parametric Assessment of Space Systems (COMPASS) team at Glenn Research Center has performed integrated system analysis of conceptual spacecraft mission designs since 2006 using a multidisciplinary concurrent engineering process. The set of completed designs was archived in a database, to allow for the study of relationships between design parameters. Although COMPASS uses a parametric spacecraft costing model, this research investigated the possibility of using a top-down approach to rapidly estimate the overall vehicle costs. This paper presents the relationships between significant design variables, including breakdowns of dry mass, wet mass, and cost. It also develops a model for a broad estimate of these parameters through basic mission characteristics, including the target location distance, the payload mass, the duration, the delta-v requirement, and the type of mission, propulsion, and electrical power. Finally, this paper examines the accuracy of this model in regards to past COMPASS designs, with an assessment of outlying spacecraft, and compares the results to historical data of completed NASA missions.

  18. DESIGN OF PARAMETER EXTRACTOR IN LOW POWER PRECOMPUTATION BASED CONTENT ADDRESSABLE MEMORY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saroja pasumarti,

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Content-addressable memory (CAM is frequently used in applications, such as lookup tables, databases, associative computing, and networking, that require high-speed searches due to its ability to improve application performance by using parallel comparison to reduce search time. Although the use of parallel comparison results in reduced search time, it also significantly increases power consumption. In this paper, we propose a Block-XOR approach to improve the efficiency of low power pre computation- based CAM (PBCAM. Through mathematical analysis, we found that our approach can effectively reduce the number of comparison operations by 50% on average as compared with the ones-count approach for 15-bit-long inputs. In our experiment, we used Synopsys Nanosim to estimate the power consumption in TSMC 0.35- m CMOS technology. Compared with the ones-count PB-CAM system, the experimental results show that our proposed approach can achieve on average 30% in power reduction and 32% in power performance reduction. The major contribution of this paper is that it presents theoretical and practical proofs to verify that our proposed Block- XOR PB-CAM system can achieve greater power reduction without the need for a special CAM cell design. This implies that our approach is more flexible and adaptive for general designs.

  19. Genetic Algorithms Based Approach for Designing Spring Brake Orthosis – Part I: Spring Parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. S. Huq

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Spring brake orthosis (SBO concentrates purely on the knee to generate the swing phase of the paraplegic gait with the required hip flexion occurring passively as a consequence of the ipsilateral knee flexion, generated by releasing the torsion spring mounted at the knee joint. Electrical stimulation then drives the knee back to full extension, as well as restores the spring potential energy. In this paper, genetic algorithm (GA and its variant multi-objective GA (MOGA is used to perform the search operation for the ‘best’ spring parameters for the SBO spring mounted on an average sized subject simulated in the sagittal plane. Conventional torsion spring is tested against constant torque type spring in terms of swing duration as, based on first principles, it is hypothesized that constant torque spring would be able to produce slower SBO swing phase as might be preferred in assisted paraplegic gait. In line with the hypothesis, it is found that it is not possible to delay the occurrence of the flexion peak of the SBO swing phase further than its occurrence in the natural gait. The use of conventional torsion spring causes the swing knee flexion peak to appear rather faster than that of the natural gait, resulting in a potentially faster swing phase and hence gait cycle. The constant torque type spring on the other hand is able to stretch duration of the swing phase to some extent, rendering it the preferable spring type in SBO.

  20. A Method for Optimizing Lightweight-Gypsum Design Based on Sequential Measurements of Physical Parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vimmrová Alena

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available A method for lightweight-gypsum material design using waste stone dust as the foaming agent is described. The main objective is to reach several physical properties which are inversely related in a certain way. Therefore, a linear optimization method is applied to handle this task systematically. The optimization process is based on sequential measurement of physical properties. The results are subsequently point-awarded according to a complex point criterion and new composition is proposed. After 17 trials the final mixture is obtained, having the bulk density equal to (586 ± 19 kg/m3 and compressive strength (1.10 ± 0.07 MPa. According to a detailed comparative analysis with reference gypsum, the newly developed material can be used as excellent thermally insulating interior plaster with the thermal conductivity of (0.082 ± 0.005 W/(m·K. In addition, its practical application can bring substantial economic and environmental benefits as the material contains 25 % of waste stone dust.

  1. A Method for Optimizing Lightweight-Gypsum Design Based on Sequential Measurements of Physical Parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vimmrová, Alena; Kočí, Václav; Krejsová, Jitka; Černý, Robert

    2016-06-01

    A method for lightweight-gypsum material design using waste stone dust as the foaming agent is described. The main objective is to reach several physical properties which are inversely related in a certain way. Therefore, a linear optimization method is applied to handle this task systematically. The optimization process is based on sequential measurement of physical properties. The results are subsequently point-awarded according to a complex point criterion and new composition is proposed. After 17 trials the final mixture is obtained, having the bulk density equal to (586 ± 19) kg/m3 and compressive strength (1.10 ± 0.07) MPa. According to a detailed comparative analysis with reference gypsum, the newly developed material can be used as excellent thermally insulating interior plaster with the thermal conductivity of (0.082 ± 0.005) W/(m·K). In addition, its practical application can bring substantial economic and environmental benefits as the material contains 25 % of waste stone dust.

  2. Robust Parameter Coordination for Multidisciplinary Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    This paper introduced a robust parameter coordination method to analyze parameter uncertainties so as to predict conflicts and coordinate parameters in multidisciplinary design. The proposed method is based on constraints network, which gives a formulated model to analyze the coupling effects between design variables and product specifications. In this model, interval boxes are adopted to describe the uncertainty of design parameters quantitatively to enhance the design robustness. To solve this constraint network model, a general consistent algorithm framework is designed and implemented with interval arithmetic and the genetic algorithm, which can deal with both algebraic and ordinary differential equations. With the help of this method, designers could infer the consistent solution space from the given specifications. A case study involving the design of a bogie dumping system demonstrates the usefulness of this approach.

  3. Design for rock grouting based on analysis of grout penetration. Verification using Aespoe HRL data and parameter analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grouting as a method to reduce the inflow of water into underground facilities will be important in both the construction and operation of the deep repository. SKB has been studying grouting design based on characterization of fractured rock and prediction of grout spread. However, as in other Scandinavian tunnels, stop criteria have been empirically set so that grouting is completed when the grout flow is less than a certain value at maximum pressure or the grout take is above a certain value. Since empirically based stop criteria are determined without a theoretical basis and are not related to grout penetration, the grouting result may be inadequate or uneconomical. In order to permit the choice of adequate and cost-effective grouting methods, stop criteria can be designed based on a theoretical analysis of grout penetration. The relationship between grout penetration and grouting time has been studied at the Royal Institute of Technology and Chalmers University of Technology. Based on these studies, the theory has been further developed in order to apply to real grouting work. Another aspect is using the developed method for parameter analysis. The purpose of parameter analysis is to evaluate the influence of different grouting parameters on the result. Since the grouting strategy is composed of many different components, the selection of a grouting method is complex. Even if the theoretically most suitable grouting method is selected, it is difficult to carry out grouting exactly as planned because grouting parameters such as grout properties can easily vary during the grouting operation. In addition, knowing the parameters precisely beforehand is impossible because there are uncertainties inherent in the rock mass. Therefore, it is important to asses the effects of variations in grouting parameters. The parameter analysis can serve as a guide in choosing an effective grouting method. The objectives of this report are to: Further develop the theory concerning

  4. Jet pumps for thermoacoustic applications: design guidelines based on a numerical parameter study

    CERN Document Server

    Oosterhuis, Joris P; Wilcox, Douglas; van der Meer, Theo H

    2015-01-01

    The oscillatory flow through tapered cylindrical tube sections (jet pumps) is characterized by a numerical parameter study. The shape of a jet pump results in asymmetric hydrodynamic end effects which cause a time-averaged pressure drop to occur under oscillatory flow conditions. Hence, jet pumps are used as streaming suppressors in closed-loop thermoacoustic devices. A two-dimensional axisymmetric computational fluid dynamics model is used to calculate the performance of a large number of conical jet pump geometries in terms of time-averaged pressure drop and acoustic power dissipation. The investigated geometrical parameters include the jet pump length, taper angle, waist diameter and waist curvature. In correspondence with previous work, four flow regimes are observed which characterize the jet pump performance and dimensionless parameters are introduced to scale the performance of the various jet pump geometries. The simulation results are compared to an existing quasi-steady theory and it is shown that t...

  5. Parameter based design of a twin-cylinder wave energy converter for real sea-states

    CERN Document Server

    Xu, Dali; Stiassnie, Michael

    2016-01-01

    We discuss the hydrodynamics of a wave energy converter consisting of two vertically floating, coaxial cylinders connected by dampers and allowed to heave, sway and roll. This design, viable in deep water and able to extract energy independent of the incident wave direction, is examined for monochromatic waves as well as broad-banded seas described by a Pierson Moskowitz spectrum. Several possible device sizes are considered, and their performance is investigated for a design spectrum, as well as for more severe sea states, with a view towards survivability of the converters. In terms of device motions and captured power, a quantitative assessment of converter design as it relates to survival and operation is provided. Most results are given in dimensionless form to allow for a wide range of applications.

  6. The primary design of advanced ground-based atmospheric microwave sounder and retrieval of physical parameters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper introduces a prototype of ground-based atmospheric microwave sounder that operates in K-band from 22 to 31 GHz and V-band from 51 to 59 GHz. Different from the MP3000A and RPG, the sounder adopts independent dual-band reflectors instead of sharing a dual-band reflector. The direct detect type receiver is applied, which is of smaller size, higher sensitivity, efficient data observing and lower nonlinear error than the widely used superheterodyne receiver. The observing brightness temperatures from this prototype agree well with the simulated brightness temperatures according to the ground-based radiative transfer theory. We use the artificial neural network (ANN) algorithm to retrieve temperature profiles, which has higher spatial resolution especially in the capping inversion when compared with the linear regression algorithm. The temperature retrievals are comparable with the retrievals from RPG and MP3000A retrieval models and have a smaller bias in some certain regions.

  7. Discussion on the parameters of design waves

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Yan-ying

    2008-01-01

    In order to respond the discredit on the design wave standard and to recommend new consideration on design wave parameters, based on the long-term distribution of statistic characteristics of waves and the short-term probability properties of sea state defined by giving the return period, the calculation of the return period, the height, the period, and the oceanic wave parameters of the design wave and the forecasting methods are discussed in this paper. To provide references for the operation reliability of floating structures in the extreme sea state, the method of determining the design wave parameters is resurveyed. A proposal is recommended that the design wave, which can be either significant wave with 500-year of the return period, or the maximum wave with 1/N of exceeding probability, 100-year of the return period, can be applied in the engineering design practice.

  8. Coupling structure in LED System-in-Package design: a physical responses-based critical parameter sheet like approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Borst, E.C.M. de; Gielen, A.W.J.; Etman, L.F.P.

    2012-01-01

    This paper introduces an approach to study the coupling structure between the design parameters and design objectives of a LED system-in-package (SiP) design concept [1]. The LED SiP is an integrated device that combines the LED chip with driver chips and potential other components in a single packa

  9. Optimization of operating parameters for efficient photocatalytic inactivation of Escherichia coli based on a statistical design of experiments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feilizadeh, Mehrzad; Alemzadeh, Iran; Delparish, Amin; Estahbanati, M R Karimi; Soleimani, Mahdi; Jangjou, Yasser; Vosoughi, Amin

    2015-01-01

    In this work, the individual and interaction effects of three key operating parameters of the photocatalytic disinfection process were evaluated and optimized using response surface methodology (RSM) for the first time. The chosen operating parameters were: reaction temperature, initial pH of the reaction mixture and TiO2 P-25 photocatalyst loading. Escherichia coli concentration, after 90 minutes irradiation of UV-A light, was selected as the response. Twenty sets of photocatalytic disinfection experiments were conducted by adjusting operating parameters at five levels using the central composite design. Based on the experimental data, a semi-empirical expression was established and applied to predict the response. Analysis of variance revealed a strong correlation between predicted and experimental values of the response. The optimum values of the reaction temperature, initial pH of the reaction mixture and photocatalyst loading were found to be 40.3 °C, 5.9 g/L, and 1.0 g/L, respectively. Under the optimized conditions, E. coli concentration was observed to reduce from 10(7) to about 11 CFU/mL during the photocatalytic process. Moreover, all these results showed the great significance of the RSM in developing high performance processes for photocatalytic water disinfection.

  10. Optimal design of structural parameters for shield cutterhead based on fuzzy mathematics and multi-objective genetic algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏毅敏; 唐露; 暨智勇; 程永亮; 卞章括

    2015-01-01

    In order to improve the strength and stiffness of shield cutterhead, the method of fuzzy mathematics theory in combination with the finite element analysis is adopted. An optimal design model of structural parameters for shield cutterhead is formulated, based on the complex engineering technical requirements. In the model, as the objective function of the model is a composite function of the strength and stiffness, the response surface method is applied to formulate the approximate function of objective function in order to reduce the solution scale of optimal problem. A multi-objective genetic algorithm is used to solve the cutterhead structure design problem and the change rule of the stress−strain with various structural parameters as well as their optimal values were researched under specific geological conditions. The results show that compared with original cutterhead structure scheme, the obtained optimal scheme of the cutterhead structure can greatly improve the strength and stiffness of the cutterhead, which can be seen from the reduction of its maximum equivalent stress by 21.2%, that of its maximum deformation by 0.75%, and that of its mass by 1.04%.

  11. Model parameters conditioning on regional hydrologic signatures for process-based design flood estimation in ungauged basins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biondi, Daniela; De Luca, Davide Luciano

    2015-04-01

    The use of rainfall-runoff models represents an alternative to statistical approaches (such as at-site or regional flood frequency analysis) for design flood estimation, and constitutes an answer to the increasing need for synthetic design hydrographs (SDHs) associated to a specific return period. However, the lack of streamflow observations and the consequent high uncertainty associated with parameter estimation, usually pose serious limitations to the use of process-based approaches in ungauged catchments, which in contrast represent the majority in practical applications. This work presents the application of a Bayesian procedure that, for a predefined rainfall-runoff model, allows for the assessment of posterior parameters distribution, using the limited and uncertain information available for the response of an ungauged catchment (Bulygina et al. 2009; 2011). The use of regional estimates of river flow statistics, interpreted as hydrological signatures that measure theoretically relevant system process behaviours (Gupta et al. 2008), within this framework represents a valuable option and has shown significant developments in recent literature to constrain the plausible model response and to reduce the uncertainty in ungauged basins. In this study we rely on the first three L-moments of annual streamflow maxima, for which regressions are available from previous studies (Biondi et al. 2012; Laio et al. 2011). The methodology was carried out for a catchment located in southern Italy, and used within a Monte Carlo scheme (MCs) considering both event-based and continuous simulation approaches for design flood estimation. The applied procedure offers promising perspectives to perform model calibration and uncertainty analysis in ungauged basins; moreover, in the context of design flood estimation, process-based methods coupled with MCs approach have the advantage of providing simulated floods uncertainty analysis that represents an asset in risk-based decision

  12. X-parameter Based GaN Device Modeling and its Application to a High-efficiency PA Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Yelin; Nielsen, Troels Studsgaard; Jensen, Ole Kiel;

    2014-01-01

    X-parameters are supersets of S-parameters and applicable to both linear and nonlinear system modeling. In this paper, a packaged 6 W Gallium Nitride (GaN) RF power transistor is modeled using load-dependent X-parameters by simulations. During the device characterization the load impedance is tuned...... only up to the 2nd-order harmonic. However, it proves that the model can still accurately approximate the behavior of the transistor under impedance tuning up to the 3rd-order harmonic. The simulation results preliminarily validate the concept of utilizing the X-parameter based modeling technique...

  13. An impact study of the design of exergaming parameters on body intensity from objective and gameplay-based player experience perspectives, based on balance training exergame.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tien-Lung Sun

    Full Text Available Kinect-based exergames allow players to undertake physical exercise in an interactive manner with visual stimulation. Previous studies focused on investigating physical fitness based on calories or heart rate to ascertain the effectiveness of exergames. However, designing an exergame for specific training purposes, with intensity levels suited to the needs and skills of the players, requires the investigation of motion performance to study player experience. This study investigates how parameters of a Kinect-based exergame, combined with balance training exercises, influence the balance control ability and intensity level the player can tolerate, by analyzing both objective and gameplay-based player experience, and taking enjoyment and difficulty levels into account. The exergame tested required participants to maintain their balance standing on one leg within a posture frame (PF while a force plate evaluated the player's balance control ability in both static and dynamic gaming modes. The number of collisions with the PF depended on the frame's travel time for static PFs, and the leg-raising rate and angle for dynamic PFs. In terms of center of pressure (COP metrics, significant impacts were caused by the frame's travel time on MDIST-AP for static PFs, and the leg-raising rate on MDIST-ML and TOTEX for dynamic PFs. The best static PF balance control performance was observed with a larger frame offset by a travel time of 2 seconds, and the worst performance with a smaller frame and a travel time of 1 second. The best dynamic PF performance was with a leg-raising rate of 1 second at a 45-degree angle, while the worst performance was with a rate of 2 seconds at a 90-degree angle. The results demonstrated that different evaluation methods for player experience could result in different findings, making it harder to study the design of those exergames with training purposes based on player experience.

  14. An impact study of the design of exergaming parameters on body intensity from objective and gameplay-based player experience perspectives, based on balance training exergame.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Tien-Lung; Lee, Chia-Hsuan

    2013-01-01

    Kinect-based exergames allow players to undertake physical exercise in an interactive manner with visual stimulation. Previous studies focused on investigating physical fitness based on calories or heart rate to ascertain the effectiveness of exergames. However, designing an exergame for specific training purposes, with intensity levels suited to the needs and skills of the players, requires the investigation of motion performance to study player experience. This study investigates how parameters of a Kinect-based exergame, combined with balance training exercises, influence the balance control ability and intensity level the player can tolerate, by analyzing both objective and gameplay-based player experience, and taking enjoyment and difficulty levels into account. The exergame tested required participants to maintain their balance standing on one leg within a posture frame (PF) while a force plate evaluated the player's balance control ability in both static and dynamic gaming modes. The number of collisions with the PF depended on the frame's travel time for static PFs, and the leg-raising rate and angle for dynamic PFs. In terms of center of pressure (COP) metrics, significant impacts were caused by the frame's travel time on MDIST-AP for static PFs, and the leg-raising rate on MDIST-ML and TOTEX for dynamic PFs. The best static PF balance control performance was observed with a larger frame offset by a travel time of 2 seconds, and the worst performance with a smaller frame and a travel time of 1 second. The best dynamic PF performance was with a leg-raising rate of 1 second at a 45-degree angle, while the worst performance was with a rate of 2 seconds at a 90-degree angle. The results demonstrated that different evaluation methods for player experience could result in different findings, making it harder to study the design of those exergames with training purposes based on player experience. PMID:23922716

  15. Ecolifter Conceptual Configuration Design and Parameter Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐胜景

    2003-01-01

    In the phase of conceptually designing, the Ecolifter with three-lift-surface configuration, the influences of aircraft geometric parameters and configuration such as wing geometric parameters, canard parameters, aircraft center of gravity and engine positions and so on, on flight dynamic stability are discussed with the integrated analysis method. On the basis of the analysis of flight dynamic stability, the suitable wing geometric parameters are given and the improved aircraft configuration is proposed.

  16. Reduction of robot base parameters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper is a new step in the search of minimum dynamic parameters of robots. In spite of planing exciting trajectories and using base parameters, some parameters remain not identifiable due to the perturbation effects. In this paper, we propose methods to reduce the set of base parameters in order to get an essential set of parameters. This new set defines a simplified identification model witch improves the noise immunity of the estimation process. It contributes also in reducing the computation burden of a simplified dynamic model. Different methods are proposed and are classified in two parts: methods, witch perform reduction and identification together, come from statistical field and methods, witch reduces the model before the identification thanks to a priori information, come from numerical field like the QR factorization. Statistical tools and QR reduction are shown to be efficient and adapted to determine the essential parameters. They can be applied to open-loop, or graph structured rigid robot, as well as flexible-link robot. Application for the PUMA 560 robot is given. (authors). 9 refs., 4 tabs

  17. Aerodynamic optimization by simultaneously updating flow variables and design parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizk, M. H.

    1990-01-01

    The application of conventional optimization schemes to aerodynamic design problems leads to inner-outer iterative procedures that are very costly. An alternative approach is presented based on the idea of updating the flow variable iterative solutions and the design parameter iterative solutions simultaneously. Two schemes based on this idea are applied to problems of correcting wind tunnel wall interference and optimizing advanced propeller designs. The first of these schemes is applicable to a limited class of two-design-parameter problems with an equality constraint. It requires the computation of a single flow solution. The second scheme is suitable for application to general aerodynamic problems. It requires the computation of several flow solutions in parallel. In both schemes, the design parameters are updated as the iterative flow solutions evolve. Computations are performed to test the schemes' efficiency, accuracy, and sensitivity to variations in the computational parameters.

  18. Rheology of cement grout  : Ultrasound based in-line measurement technique and grouting design parameters

    OpenAIRE

    Rahman, Mashuqur

    2015-01-01

    Grouting is performed in order to decrease the permeability and increase the stiffness of the material, especially soil and rock. For tunnelling and underground constructions, permeation grouting is done where cement based materials are pumped inside drilled boreholes under a constant pressure, higher than the ground water pressure. The aim of permeation grouting is to reduce the water flow into tunnels and caverns and to limit the lowering of the surrounding groundwater table. Cement based m...

  19. DESIGN PARAMETERS OF CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSOR INDUCER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saim KOÇAK

    1998-03-01

    Full Text Available Design characteristics of centrifugal compressor impellers working with compressible fluids are analyzed, and the design parameters of inducer are defined. The effects of incidence, deviation and deflection angles, relative eddy, rotating stall and Mach number are investigated. The relation between minimum relative Mach number of inducer and flow angle is investigated and it is observed that the minimum Mach number occurs for flow angle values between -680 and -520 . In the design, the effect of a 100 difference in flow angle is found to be less than 1 % on minimum relative Mach number.

  20. Design method of walking aid based on gait parameter%基于步态参数的助行器设计方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王新亭; 张峻霞; 徐春; 王泽

    2013-01-01

    Aimed at realizing the design goal of man-machine fitness, a design method of dynamic walking aid based on human gait is presented. Vicon three-dimensional motion analysis system is used in gait analysis experiments to obtain gait parameters for the control of walking aid. Based on bar model, ADAMS simulation and Lagrange calculation are executed for dynamic design reijuire-ments. A dynamic walking aid driven by lincar-to-angular mechanism is designed, satisfying the requirements of motion control and power demand.%以人机(助行器)适配为设计目标,提出了基于人体步态参数分析的动力式助行器设计方法.利用Vicon三维运动分析系统开展了人体步态实验研究,以获取的步态参数为动力式助行器运动控制依据.基于杆状模型,将ADAMS仿真结果与计算结果对比,得到了动力设计要求.在运动控制及动力需求的基础上,提出了一款基于直线角位移机构驱动的动力式助行器设计方案.

  1. An Impact Study of the Design of Exergaming Parameters on Body Intensity from Objective and Gameplay-Based Player Experience Perspectives, Based on Balance Training Exergame

    OpenAIRE

    Sun, Tien-Lung; Lee, Chia-Hsuan

    2013-01-01

    Kinect-based exergames allow players to undertake physical exercise in an interactive manner with visual stimulation. Previous studies focused on investigating physical fitness based on calories or heart rate to ascertain the effectiveness of exergames. However, designing an exergame for specific training purposes, with intensity levels suited to the needs and skills of the players, requires the investigation of motion performance to study player experience. This study investigates how parame...

  2. Parameter Estimation and Experimental Design in Groundwater Modeling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Ne-zheng

    2004-01-01

    This paper reviews the latest developments on parameter estimation and experimental design in the field of groundwater modeling. Special considerations are given when the structure of the identified parameter is complex and unknown. A new methodology for constructing useful groundwater models is described, which is based on the quantitative relationships among the complexity of model structure, the identifiability of parameter, the sufficiency of data, and the reliability of model application.

  3. Total energy control system autopilot design with constrained parameter optimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ly, Uy-Loi; Voth, Christopher

    1990-01-01

    A description is given of the application of a multivariable control design method (SANDY) based on constrained parameter optimization to the design of a multiloop aircraft flight control system. Specifically, the design method is applied to the direct synthesis of a multiloop AFCS inner-loop feedback control system based on total energy control system (TECS) principles. The design procedure offers a structured approach for the determination of a set of stabilizing controller design gains that meet design specifications in closed-loop stability, command tracking performance, disturbance rejection, and limits on control activities. The approach can be extended to a broader class of multiloop flight control systems. Direct tradeoffs between many real design goals are rendered systematic by proper formulation of the design objectives and constraints. Satisfactory designs are usually obtained in few iterations. Performance characteristics of the optimized TECS design have been improved, particularly in the areas of closed-loop damping and control activity in the presence of turbulence.

  4. Design parameters for borehole strain instrumentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gladwin, Michael T.; Hart, Rhodes

    1985-01-01

    The response of a borehole strain meter to hydrostatic and shear deformations in an isotropic medium is calculated to facilitate optimum instrument design and produce instrument response factors for parameters typically encountered in installed instruments. Results for an empty borehole are first compared with results for an instrument in intimate contact with the surrounding rock. The effects of the grout used to install the instrument are then examined. Where possible, analytic forms for the response factors are given. Results for typical installations are then presented in graphical form for optimizing instrument design in an environment of known elastic parameters. Alternatively, the results may be applied in the measurement of unknown strain signals, to correct for instrument response or to provide in-situ estimates of the elastic properties of the environment by examination of observed strain response to known strain signals.

  5. Investigation of Design Parameters in Ultrasound Reactors

    OpenAIRE

    Jordens, Jeroen; Degrève, Jan; Braeken, Leen; Van Gerven, Tom

    2012-01-01

    The cavitational activity of a tubular sonoreactor was simulated and related to the chemical reaction rate in order to study the effect of different design parameters. The conversion was improved with a factor 10 by optimization of the reactor diameter. Further improvement of the conversion with 20% was achieved by shifting the transducers apart. When the reactor diameter is in the millimeter scale, stainless steel and borosilicate glass walls very well resemble sound-hard walls. The impact o...

  6. Performance Metrics and Design Parameters for a Free-space Communication Link Based on Multiplexing of Multiple Orbital-Angular-Momentum Beams

    CERN Document Server

    Xie, Guodong; Ren, Yongxiong; Huang, Hao; Yan, Yan; Ahmed, Nisar; Zhao, Zhe; Lavery, Martin P J; Ashrafi, Nima; Ashrafi, Solyman; Tur, Moshe; Molisch, Andreas F; Willner, Alan E

    2014-01-01

    We study the design parameters for an orbital angular momentum (OAM) multiplexed free-space data link. Power loss, channel crosstalk and power penalty of the link are analyzed in the case of misalignment between the transmitter and receiver (lateral displacement, receiver angular error, or transmitter pointing error). The relationship among the system power loss and link distance, transmitted beam size and receiver aperture size are discussed based on the beam divergence due to free space propagation. We also describe the trade-offs for different receiver aperture sizes and mode spacing of the transmitted OAM beams under given lateral displacements or receiver angular errors. Through simulations and some experiments, we show that (1) a system with a larger transmitted beam size and a larger receiver aperture is more tolerant to the lateral displacement but less tolerant to the receiver angular error; (2) a system with a larger mode spacing, which uses larger OAM charges, suffers more system power loss but les...

  7. Linear Parameter-Varying Feedforward Control: A Missile Autopilot Design

    OpenAIRE

    Theis, Julian; Pfifer, Harald; Knoblach, Andreas; Saupe, Florian; Werner, Herbert

    2015-01-01

    The feedforward path of an autopilot is designed for the longitudinal dynamics of a tactical missile. A linear parameter-varying model is used to synthesize a self-scheduled control law based on a parameter-dependent Lyapunov function. The controller is evaluated on a nonlinear model of industrial complexity both under nominal conditions and parametric uncertainty. Tracking performance is significantly enhanced while leaving robustness properties of an existing feedback controller unaltered.

  8. Design Parameters of a Miniaturized Piezoelectric Underwater Acoustic Transmitter

    OpenAIRE

    Carlson, Thomas J.; Yong Yuan; Zhiqun Daniel Deng; Huidong Li

    2012-01-01

    PZT ceramics have been widely used in underwater acoustic transducers. However, literature available discussing the design parameters of a miniaturized PZT-based low-duty-cycle transmitter is very limited. This paper discusses some of the design parameters—the backing material, driving voltage, PZT material type, power consumption and the transducer length of a miniaturized acoustic fish tag using a PZT tube. Four different types of PZT were evaluated with respect to the source level, energy ...

  9. Design of Digital Imaging System for Optimization of Control Parameters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SONG Yong; HAO Qun; YANG Guang; SUN Hong-wei

    2007-01-01

    The design of experimental system of digital imaging system for control parameter is discussed in detail. Signal processing of digital CCD imaging system is first analyzed. Then the real time control of CCD driver and digital processing circuit and man-machine interaction are achieved by the design of digital CCD imaging module and control module. Experimental results indicate that the image quality of CCD experimental system makes a good response to the change of control parameters. The system gives an important base for improving image quality and the applicability of micro imaging system in complex environment.

  10. Approximations of chaotic attractors and its circuit design based on the parameter switching algorithm%基于参数切换算法的混沌系统吸引子近似及其电路设计∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗少轩; 何博侠; 乔爱民; 王艳春

    2015-01-01

    the chaotic map. Finally, the parameter switching circuit of Rössler system is designed by introducing a square wave generator. Compared with the traditional switching chaotic circuit (switching between different systems), the design of parameter switch circuit is simpler as it does not need to change the original structure of the system. The output is affected by the frequency of the square wave. By adding an appropriate frequency square wave generator, the circuit simulation agrees with the numerical simulation. It presents a theoretical and experimental base for the practical application of the parameter switching chaotic systems.

  11. DRAM BASED PARAMETER DATABASE OPTIMIZATION

    OpenAIRE

    Marcinkevicius, Tadas

    2012-01-01

    This thesis suggests an improved parameter database implementation for one of Ericsson products. The parameter database is used during the initialization of the system as well as during the later operation. The database size is constantly growing because the parameter database is intended to be used with different hardware configurations. When a new technology platform is released, multiple revisions with additional features and functionalities are later created, resulting in introduction of ...

  12. Community Design Parameters and the Performance of Residential Cogeneration Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hazem Rashed-Ali

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The integration of cogeneration systems in residential and mixed-use communities has the potential of reducing their energy demand and harmful emissions and can thus play asignificant role in increasing their environmental sustainability. This study investigated the impact of selected planning and architectural design parameters on the environmental and economic performances of centralized cogeneration systems integrated into residential communities in U.S.cold climates. Parameters investigated include: 1 density, 2 use mix, 3 street configuration, 4 housing typology, 5 envelope and building systems’ efficiencies, and 6 passive solar energyutilization. The study integrated several simulation tools into a procedure to assess the impact of each design parameter on the cogeneration system performance. This assessment procedure included: developing a base-line model representing typical design characteristics of U.S. residential communities; assessing the cogeneration system’s performance within this model using three performance indicators: percentage of reduction in primary energy use, percentage of reduction in CO2 emissions; and internal rate of return; assessing the impact of each parameter on the system performance through developing 46 design variations of the base-line model representing potential changes in each parameter and calculating the three indicators for each variation; and finally, using a multi-attribute decision analysis methodology to evaluate the relative impact of each parameter on the cogeneration system performance. The study results show that planning parameters had a higher impact on the cogeneration system performance than architectural ones. Also, a significant correlation was found between design characteristics identified as favorable for the cogeneration system performance and those of sustainable residential communities. These include high densities, high use mix, interconnected street networks, and mixing of

  13. Design for robust stabilization of nonlinear systems with uncertain parameters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖旭芝; 文静; 吴敏

    2004-01-01

    Based on Lyapunov stability theory, a design method for the robust stabilization problem of a class of nonlinear systems with uncertain parameters is presented. The design procedure is divided into two steps: the first is to design controllers for the nominal system and make the system asymptotically stabilize at the expected equilibrium point; the second is to construct closed-loop nominal system based on the first step, then design robust controller to make the error of state between the original system and the nominal system converge to zero, thereby a dynamic controller with the constructed closed-loop nominal system served as interior dynamic is obtained. A numerical simulation verifies the correctness of the design method.

  14. Sampling designs dependent on sample parameters of auxiliary variables

    CERN Document Server

    Wywiał, Janusz L

    2015-01-01

    The book offers a valuable resource for students and statisticians whose work involves survey sampling. An estimation of the population parameters in finite and fixed populations assisted by auxiliary variables is considered. New sampling designs dependent on moments or quantiles of auxiliary variables are presented on the background of the classical methods. Accuracies of the estimators based on original sampling design are compared with classical estimation procedures. Specific conditional sampling designs are applied to problems of small area estimation as well as to estimation of quantiles of variables under study. .

  15. Design of Free Parameters of State-Dependent Coefficient Form Based on the Relation between State-Dependent Riccati Inequality and Hamilton Jacobi Inequality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakayanagi, Yoshihiro; Nakaura, Shigeki; Sampei, Mitsuji

    The solvable condition of nonlinear H∞ control problems is given by the Hamilton Jacobi inequality (HJI). The state-dependent Riccati inequality (SDRI) is one of the approaches used to solve the HJI. The SDRI contains the state-dependent coefficient (SDC) form of a nonlinear system. The SDC form is not unique. If a poor SDC form is chosen, then there is no solution for the SDRI. In other words, there exist free parameters of the SDC form that affect the solvability of the SDRI. This study focuses on the free parameters of the SDC form. First, a representation of the free parameters of the SDC form is introduced. The solvability of an SDRI is a sufficient condition for that of the related HJI, and the free parameters affect the conservativeness of the SDRI approach. In addition, a new method for designing the free parameters that reduces the conservativeness of the SDRI approach is introduced. Finally, numerical examples to verify the effect of this method are presented.

  16. Robust integrated autopilot/autothrottle design using constrained parameter optimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ly, Uy-Loi; Voth, Christopher; Sanjay, Swamy

    1990-01-01

    A multivariable control design method based on constrained parameter optimization was applied to the design of a multiloop aircraft flight control system. Specifically, the design method is applied to the following: (1) direct synthesis of a multivariable 'inner-loop' feedback control system based on total energy control principles; (2) synthesis of speed/altitude-hold designs as 'outer-loop' feedback/feedforward control systems around the above inner loop; and (3) direct synthesis of a combined 'inner-loop' and 'outer-loop' multivariable control system. The design procedure offers a direct and structured approach for the determination of a set of controller gains that meet design specifications in closed-loop stability, command tracking performance, disturbance rejection, and limits on control activities. The presented approach may be applied to a broader class of multiloop flight control systems. Direct tradeoffs between many real design goals are rendered systematic by this method following careful problem formulation of the design objectives and constraints. Performance characteristics of the optimization design were improved over the current autopilot design on the B737-100 Transport Research Vehicle (TSRV) at the landing approach and cruise flight conditions; particularly in the areas of closed-loop damping, command responses, and control activity in the presence of turbulence.

  17. Design of Fiber Optic Sensors for Measuring Hydrodynamic Parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyons, Donald R.; Quiett, Carramah; Griffin, DeVon (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    The science of optical hydrodynamics involves relating the optical properties to the fluid dynamic properties of a hydrodynamic system. Fiber-optic sensors are being designed for measuring the hydrodynamic parameters of various systems. As a flowing fluid makes an encounter with a flat surface, it forms a boundary layer near this surface. The region between the boundary layer and the flat plate contains information about parameters such as viscosity, compressibility, pressure, density, and velocity. An analytical model has been developed for examining the hydrodynamic parameters near the surface of a fiber-optic sensor. An analysis of the conservation of momentum, the continuity equation and the Navier-Stokes equation for compressible flow were used to develop expressions for the velocity and the density as a function of the distance along the flow and above the surface. When examining the flow near the surface, these expressions are used to estimate the sensitivity required to perform direct optical measurements and to derive the shear force for indirect optical measurements. The derivation of this result permits the incorporation of better design parameters for other fiber-based sensors. Future work includes analyzing the optical parametric designs of fiber-optic sensors, modeling sensors to utilize the parameters for hydrodynamics and applying different mixtures of hydrodynamic flow. Finally, the fabrication of fiber-optic sensors for hydrodynamic flow applications of the type described in this presentation could enhance aerospace, submarine, and medical technology.

  18. Influence of parental sample sizes on the estimating genetic parameters in cultured clamMeretrix meretrix based on factorial mating designs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIANG Bingbing; YUE Xin; WANG Hongxia; LIU Baozhong

    2016-01-01

    The precise and accurate knowledge of genetic parameters is a prerequisite for making efficient selection strategies in breeding programs. A number of estimators of heritability about important economic traits in many marine mollusks are available in the literature, however very few research have evaluated about the accuracy of genetic parameters estimated with different family structures. Thus, in the present study, the effect of parent sample size for estimating the precision of genetic parameters of four growth traits in clamM. meretrix by factorial designs were analyzed through restricted maximum likelihood (REML) and Bayesian. The results showed that the average estimated heritabilities of growth traits obtained from REML were 0.23–0.32 for 9 and 16 full-sib families and 0.19–0.22 for 25 full-sib families. When using Bayesian inference, the average estimated heritabilities were 0.11–0.12 for 9 and 16 full-sib families and 0.13–0.16 for 25 full-sib families. Compared with REML, Bayesian got lower heritabilities, but still remained at a medium level. When the number of parents increased from 6 to 10, the estimated heritabilities were more closed to 0.20 in REML and 0.12 in Bayesian inference. Genetic correlations among traits were positive and high and had no significant difference between different sizes of designs. The accuracies of estimated breeding values from the 9 and 16 families were less precise than those from 25 families. Our results provide a basic genetic evaluation for growth traits and should be useful for the design and operation of a practical selective breeding program in the clamM. meretrix.

  19. Optimal design of the dynamical parameter of the crusher based on MATLAB%基于MATLAB的破碎机动力学参数优化设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄大明; 杨春兰; 蒋顺梅

    2012-01-01

    破碎机动力学参数设计包含机构平衡重、拉杆弹簧计算载荷、飞轮转动惯量等动力学参数的优化设计,是破碎机设计极其重要的内容.破碎机在运转过程中,其偏心轴、动颚、肘板等运动件都具有一定的加速度,会产生很大的惯性力而且大小、方向呈周期性变化.这些惯性力在运动副中引起附加动载荷,是破碎机零件磨损、机器振动的主要原因.破碎机动力学参数优化设计就是通过优化计算,获得最优的平衡条件,使机构总的惯性力平衡,其根本目的就是减小运动件的惯性力引起的附加动载,消除其有害影响,以确保破碎机运转稳定、可靠,降低机器的振动和噪声,提高设备的寿命和效率.以国内广为生产、使用的PE600×900破碎机为研究对象,利用MATLAB的优化功能,在进行运动学、动力学分析,建立一系列运动方程和力学模型之基础上,采用最优动力平衡法,在MATLAB环境下对破碎机机构平衡重进行优化设计.通过优化计算获得机构平衡重及其方向角的最佳值,使随机构位置而变化的振动力降低到最小.%load of pull-rod spring and rotary inertia of flywheel is an important content of crusher design.The moving part such as eccentric shaft, moving jaw, toggle plate has higher acceleration while the crusher is running and sets up enormous inertia force whose the magnitude and the direction are changing periodically.These inertia forces cause the additional dynamic load in the kinematic pair and it is the main cause which leads to the wear and vibration of crusher.Optimal design of the dynamical parameter of the crusher is to get the optimization equilibrium condition and to balance the total inertia force of mechanism by the optimization calculation.Its fundamental purpose is to decrease the additional dynamic load caused by inertia force of moving part and eliminate the bad effect, in order to ensure crusher stable and

  20. Design parameters of a miniaturized piezoelectric underwater acoustic transmitter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Huidong; Deng, Zhiqun Daniel; Yuan, Yong; Carlson, Thomas J

    2012-01-01

    PZT ceramics have been widely used in underwater acoustic transducers. However, literature available discussing the design parameters of a miniaturized PZT-based low-duty-cycle transmitter is very limited. This paper discusses some of the design parameters--the backing material, driving voltage, PZT material type, power consumption and the transducer length of a miniaturized acoustic fish tag using a PZT tube. Four different types of PZT were evaluated with respect to the source level, energy consumption and bandwidth of the transducer. The effect of the tube length on the source level is discussed. The results demonstrate that ultralow-density closed-cell foam is the best backing material for the PZT tube. The Navy Type VI PZTs provide the best source level with relatively low energy consumption and that a low transducer capacitance is preferred for high efficiency. A 35% reduction in the transducer length results in 2 dB decrease in source level. PMID:23012534

  1. 基于Matlab带阻滤波器电路设计及参数寻优%Bandstop Filter Circuit Design and Parameter Optimization Based on Matlab

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晓冲; 屈蕾

    2012-01-01

    Various filter circuits often arise in analog circuit design As the values of resistors and capacitors are not continuous in actual projects, the calculation of circuit parameters would be trivial and computationally intensive in designing the circuit. In addition, hand-calculation result would not be an optimal solution. This paper, by means of the powerful computation capacity of MATLAB, establishes a corresponding standard circuit model and pa- rameter optimization model according to the transfer function of the band-stop filter, and finally circuit parameters which meet the requirements can be quickly obtained using the mathematical toolbox of MATLAB to program the cor- responding solver, which greatly improves the design efficiency and is of great applicability.%各种滤波器电路在模拟电路设计中经常出现,由于在实际工程中,电阻、电容的值均连续,因此在设计电路时,电路参数计算繁冗且计算量大,并且手工计算出的结果并非是一个最优解,文中借助Matlab的计算功能,根据带阻滤波器的传递函数,建立了相应的标准电路模型以及参数最优化模型,最后使用Matlab中的数学工具箱编写出相应的求解程序,可以快速得到符合要求的电路参数,大幅提高了设计效率,有较强的实用性。

  2. Knowledge Network Driven Coordination and Robust Optimization to Support Concurrent and Collaborative Parameter Design

    OpenAIRE

    Hu, Jie; Peng, Yinghong; Xiong, Guangleng

    2007-01-01

    Abstract This study presents a parameter coordination and robust optimization approach based on knowledge network modeling. The method allows multidisciplinary designer to synthetically coordinate and optimize parameter considering multidisciplinary knowledge. First, a knowledge network model is established, including design knowledge from assembly, manufacture, performance, and simulation. Second, the parameter coordination method is presented to solve the knowledge network model,...

  3. Calculation of electromagnetic parameter based on interpolation algorithm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wave-absorbing material is an important functional material of electromagnetic protection. The wave-absorbing characteristics depend on the electromagnetic parameter of mixed media. In order to accurately predict the electromagnetic parameter of mixed media and facilitate the design of wave-absorbing material, based on the electromagnetic parameters of spherical and flaky carbonyl iron mixture of paraffin base, this paper studied two different interpolation methods: Lagrange interpolation and Hermite interpolation of electromagnetic parameters. The results showed that Hermite interpolation is more accurate than the Lagrange interpolation, and the reflectance calculated with the electromagnetic parameter obtained by interpolation is consistent with that obtained through experiment on the whole. - Highlights: • We use interpolation algorithm on calculation of EM-parameter with limited samples. • Interpolation method can predict EM-parameter well with different particles added. • Hermite interpolation is more accurate than Lagrange interpolation. • Calculating RL based on interpolation is consistent with calculating RL from experiment

  4. Calculation of electromagnetic parameter based on interpolation algorithm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Wenqiang, E-mail: zwqcau@gmail.com [College of Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083 (China); Bionic and Micro/Nano/Bio Manufacturing Technology Research Center, Beihang University, Beijing 100191 (China); Yuan, Liming; Zhang, Deyuan [Bionic and Micro/Nano/Bio Manufacturing Technology Research Center, Beihang University, Beijing 100191 (China)

    2015-11-01

    Wave-absorbing material is an important functional material of electromagnetic protection. The wave-absorbing characteristics depend on the electromagnetic parameter of mixed media. In order to accurately predict the electromagnetic parameter of mixed media and facilitate the design of wave-absorbing material, based on the electromagnetic parameters of spherical and flaky carbonyl iron mixture of paraffin base, this paper studied two different interpolation methods: Lagrange interpolation and Hermite interpolation of electromagnetic parameters. The results showed that Hermite interpolation is more accurate than the Lagrange interpolation, and the reflectance calculated with the electromagnetic parameter obtained by interpolation is consistent with that obtained through experiment on the whole. - Highlights: • We use interpolation algorithm on calculation of EM-parameter with limited samples. • Interpolation method can predict EM-parameter well with different particles added. • Hermite interpolation is more accurate than Lagrange interpolation. • Calculating RL based on interpolation is consistent with calculating RL from experiment.

  5. Test Verification and Design of the Bicycle Frame Parameters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Long; XIANG Zhongxia; LUO Huan; TIAN Guan

    2015-01-01

    Research on design of bicycles is concentrated on mechanism and auto appearance design, however few on matches between the bike and the rider. Since unreasonable human-bike relationship leads to both riders’ worn-out joints and muscle injuries, the design of bicycles should focus on the matching. In order to find the best position of human-bike system, simulation experiments on riding comfort under different riding postures are done with the lifemode software employed to facilitate the cycling process as well as to obtain the best position and the size function of it. With BP neural network and GA, analyzing simulation data, conducting regression analysis of parameters on different heights and bike frames, the equation of best position of human-bike system is gained at last. In addition, after selecting testers, customized bikes based on testers’ height dimensions are produced according to the size function. By analyzing and comparing the experimental data that are collected from testers when riding common bicycles and customized bicycles, it is concluded that customized bicycles are four times even six times as comfortable as common ones. The equation of best position of human-bike system is applied to improve bikes’ function, and the new direction on future design of bicycle frame parameters is presented.

  6. Simultaneous optimal experimental design for in vitro binding parameter estimation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ernest, C Steven; Karlsson, Mats O; Hooker, Andrew C

    2013-10-01

    Simultaneous optimization of in vitro ligand binding studies using an optimal design software package that can incorporate multiple design variables through non-linear mixed effect models and provide a general optimized design regardless of the binding site capacity and relative binding rates for a two binding system. Experimental design optimization was employed with D- and ED-optimality using PopED 2.8 including commonly encountered factors during experimentation (residual error, between experiment variability and non-specific binding) for in vitro ligand binding experiments: association, dissociation, equilibrium and non-specific binding experiments. Moreover, a method for optimizing several design parameters (ligand concentrations, measurement times and total number of samples) was examined. With changes in relative binding site density and relative binding rates, different measurement times and ligand concentrations were needed to provide precise estimation of binding parameters. However, using optimized design variables, significant reductions in number of samples provided as good or better precision of the parameter estimates compared to the original extensive sampling design. Employing ED-optimality led to a general experimental design regardless of the relative binding site density and relative binding rates. Precision of the parameter estimates were as good as the extensive sampling design for most parameters and better for the poorly estimated parameters. Optimized designs for in vitro ligand binding studies provided robust parameter estimation while allowing more efficient and cost effective experimentation by reducing the measurement times and separate ligand concentrations required and in some cases, the total number of samples. PMID:23943088

  7. 基于均匀设计法的精密车削参数优化%Precision Cutting Parameters Optimization Based on Uniform Design Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李登万; 陈洪涛; 冯锦春; 钟成明

    2015-01-01

    为了探索难加工材料-奥氏体不锈钢精密车削的参数优化问题,引入伪变量A表达车削冷却降温条件,用均匀设计法设计含定性因素混合水平的精密车削试验方案。在干式、环保型湿式和低温冷风微油雾三种不同车削冷却降温条件下,实现低成本高效率的精密车削试验。在这三种条件下,以切削速度、进给量、背吃刀量和刀尖半径为优化变量,以表面粗糙度、表面残余应力、切削力、切削温度、刀具寿命和切削效率为优化目标函数,建立了奥氏体不锈钢精密车削参数优化模型,还对车削参数进行了优化和验证,效果明显。以刀具磨钝前能车削出的总金属表面积作为刀具寿命,在工件连续表面不出现接刀现象的前提下进行精密车削参数优化。研究成果对指导大型工件精密车削的参数选择具有实际意义。%In order to explore precision turning parameter optimization of austenitic stainless steel which is a difficult cutting material, pseudo-variable A is introduced as a factor of cooling cutting conditions, and a precision turning experiment program is projected by uniform design method, which contains qualitative factors hybrid level. A low cost and high efficiency turning test is carried out in three different conditions of dry cutting, wet cutting and cutting with low temperature air containing micro-oil mist. Under the three cooling cutting conditions, the precision turning parameter optimization model of austenitic stainless steel is established, in which, cutting speed, feed amount, cutting depth and tool nose radius are taken as optimization variables, and surface roughness, surface residual stress, cutting force, cutting temperature, tool life and cutting efficiency are taken as objective functions. Meanwhile, the parameters are optimized and verified, and the test results show that the optimization effect is good. Total metal surface area that

  8. Participatory design based research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dau, Susanne; Bach Jensen, Louise; Falk, Lars

    2014-01-01

    This poster reveal how participatory design based research by the use of a CoED inspired creative process can be used for designing solutions to problems regarding students study activities outside campus.......This poster reveal how participatory design based research by the use of a CoED inspired creative process can be used for designing solutions to problems regarding students study activities outside campus....

  9. Postprocessing MPEG based on estimated quantization parameters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Forchhammer, Søren

    2009-01-01

    the case where the coded stream is not accessible, or from an architectural point of view not desirable to use, and instead estimate some of the MPEG stream parameters based on the decoded sequence. The I-frames are detected and the quantization parameters are estimated from the coded stream and used...

  10. Robust design of configurations and parameters of adaptable products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jian; Chen, Yongliang; Xue, Deyi; Gu, Peihua

    2014-03-01

    An adaptable product can satisfy different customer requirements by changing its configuration and parameter values during the operation stage. Design of adaptable products aims at reducing the environment impact through replacement of multiple different products with single adaptable ones. Due to the complex architecture, multiple functional requirements, and changes of product configurations and parameter values in operation, impact of uncertainties to the functional performance measures needs to be considered in design of adaptable products. In this paper, a robust design approach is introduced to identify the optimal design configuration and parameters of an adaptable product whose functional performance measures are the least sensitive to uncertainties. An adaptable product in this paper is modeled by both configurations and parameters. At the configuration level, methods to model different product configuration candidates in design and different product configuration states in operation to satisfy design requirements are introduced. At the parameter level, four types of product/operating parameters and relations among these parameters are discussed. A two-level optimization approach is developed to identify the optimal design configuration and its parameter values of the adaptable product. A case study is implemented to illustrate the effectiveness of the newly developed robust adaptable design method.

  11. Vehicle parameter identification using population based algorithms

    OpenAIRE

    GÖKDAĞ, Hakan

    2015-01-01

    This work deals with parameter identification of a vehicle using population based algorithms such as Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), Artificial Bee Colony Optimization (ABC) and Genetic Algorithm (GA). Full vehicle model with seven degree of freedom (DoF) is employed, and two objective functions based on reference and computed responses are proposed. Solving the optimization problem vehicle mass, moments of inertia and vehicle center of gravity parameters, which are necessary for later app...

  12. Design and processing parameters of La2NiO4+δ-based cathode for anode-supported planar solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, Changwoo; Lee, Jong-Heun; Park, Mansoo; Hong, Jongsup; Kim, Hyoungchul; Son, Ji-Won; Lee, Jong-Ho; Kim, Byung-Kook; Yoon, Kyung Joong

    2015-11-01

    The Ruddlesden-Popper phase lanthanum nickelate, La2NiO4+δ (LNO), is successfully implemented as a strontium- and cobalt-free cathode in anode-supported planar solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) through systematic optimization of materials, processing and structural parameters. Chemical interaction between LNO and gadolinia-doped ceria (GDC), which leads to phase decomposition of composite cathode and significant deterioration of the electrochemical performance, is prevented by lowering the processing temperature below 1000 °C. For low-temperature fabrication process, the thermo-mechanical stability at the interface is secured by modifying the powder characteristics and inserting the adhesive interlayer. The issues associated with the electrical contact and current distribution are resolved by incorporating the perovskite La0.6Sr0.4CoO3-δ (LSC) as a current collecting layer, and the thermal stresses at the interface are relieved by constructing a gradient electrode structure. Consequently, the optimized anode-supported planar cell with an LNO-based cathode exhibits superior performance compared to the reference cell with a conventional cathode in the intermediate-temperature range, which is attributed to the enhanced interfacial process and surface reaction kinetics based on impedance analysis.

  13. Design Parameters of a Miniaturized Piezoelectric Underwater Acoustic Transmitter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas J. Carlson

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available PZT ceramics have been widely used in underwater acoustic transducers. However, literature available discussing the design parameters of a miniaturized PZT-based low-duty-cycle transmitter is very limited. This paper discusses some of the design parameters—the backing material, driving voltage, PZT material type, power consumption and the transducer length of a miniaturized acoustic fish tag using a PZT tube. Four different types of PZT were evaluated with respect to the source level, energy consumption and bandwidth of the transducer. The effect of the tube length on the source level is discussed. The results demonstrate that ultralow-density closed-cell foam is the best backing material for the PZT tube. The Navy Type VI PZTs provide the best source level with relatively low energy consumption and that a low transducer capacitance is preferred for high efficiency. A 35% reduction in the transducer length results in 2 dB decrease in source level.

  14. Tuning Parameters in Heuristics by Using Design of Experiments Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arin, Arif; Rabadi, Ghaith; Unal, Resit

    2010-01-01

    With the growing complexity of today's large scale problems, it has become more difficult to find optimal solutions by using exact mathematical methods. The need to find near-optimal solutions in an acceptable time frame requires heuristic approaches. In many cases, however, most heuristics have several parameters that need to be "tuned" before they can reach good results. The problem then turns into "finding best parameter setting" for the heuristics to solve the problems efficiently and timely. One-Factor-At-a-Time (OFAT) approach for parameter tuning neglects the interactions between parameters. Design of Experiments (DOE) tools can be instead employed to tune the parameters more effectively. In this paper, we seek the best parameter setting for a Genetic Algorithm (GA) to solve the single machine total weighted tardiness problem in which n jobs must be scheduled on a single machine without preemption, and the objective is to minimize the total weighted tardiness. Benchmark instances for the problem are available in the literature. To fine tune the GA parameters in the most efficient way, we compare multiple DOE models including 2-level (2k ) full factorial design, orthogonal array design, central composite design, D-optimal design and signal-to-noise (SIN) ratios. In each DOE method, a mathematical model is created using regression analysis, and solved to obtain the best parameter setting. After verification runs using the tuned parameter setting, the preliminary results for optimal solutions of multiple instances were found efficiently.

  15. 基于质量损失的交叉质量结构参数设计方法%A Method of Parameter Design for Crossed Quality Structure Based on Quality Loss

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐兰; 方志耕

    2011-01-01

    as an independent variable. Each independent variable has values in three levels ( 1, 2 or 3 ). Dependent variable is standardized quality loss. Third, integer programming is constructed to minimize the comprehensive quality loss of the production system. Optimal combination of various parameters is set to resolve programming problems.In summary, SN ratio is transformed into quality loss based on the traditional Taguchi parameter design. Multiple regression analysis is used to determine the levels of different parameters and minimize comprehensive quality loss of complex product systems. Last, an example is used to verify the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed method.

  16. Reservoir parameter inversion based on weighted statistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gui, Jin-Yong; Gao, Jian-Hu; Yong, Xue-Shan; Li, Sheng-Jun; Liu, Bin-Yang; Zhao, Wan-Jin

    2015-12-01

    Variation of reservoir physical properties can cause changes in its elastic parameters. However, this is not a simple linear relation. Furthermore, the lack of observations, data overlap, noise interference, and idealized models increases the uncertainties of the inversion result. Thus, we propose an inversion method that is different from traditional statistical rock physics modeling. First, we use deterministic and stochastic rock physics models considering the uncertainties of elastic parameters obtained by prestack seismic inversion and introduce weighting coefficients to establish a weighted statistical relation between reservoir and elastic parameters. Second, based on the weighted statistical relation, we use Markov chain Monte Carlo simulations to generate the random joint distribution space of reservoir and elastic parameters that serves as a sample solution space of an objective function. Finally, we propose a fast solution criterion to maximize the posterior probability density and obtain reservoir parameters. The method has high efficiency and application potential.

  17. Evaluation of design parameters in soil-structure systems through artificial intelligence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study refers to development of an artificial intelligence tool to evaluate design parameters for a soil-structure system as the foundations of Class 1 buildings of a nuclear power plant (NPP). This is based on an expert analysis of a large amount of information, collected during a comprehensive program of site investigations and laboratory tests and stored on a computer data-bank. The methodology comprises the following steps: organization of the available information on the site characteristics in a data-base; implementation and extensive use of a specific knowledge based expert system (KBES) devoted to both the analysis, interpretation and check of the information in the data-base, and to the evaluation of the design parameters; determination of effective access criteria to the data-base, for purposes of reordering the information and extracting design properties from a large number of experimental data; development of design profiles for both index properties and strength/strain parameters; and final evaluation of the design parameters. Results are obtained in the form of: local and general site stratigraphy; summarized soil index properties, detailing the site setting; static and dynamic stress-strain parameters, G/Gmax behavior and damping factors; condolidation parameters and OCR ratio; spatial distribution of parameters on site area; identification of specific local conditions; and cross correlation of parameters, thus covering the whole range of design parameters for NPP soil-structure systems

  18. Design-Based Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gynther, Karsten; Christensen, Ove; Petersen, Trine Brun

    2012-01-01

    I denne artikel introduceres Design Based Research for første gang på dansk i et videnskabeligt tidsskrift. Artiklen præsenterer de grundlæggende antagelser, som ligger til grund for Design Based Research-traditionen, og artiklen diskuterer de principper, som ligger til grund for gennemførelse af...... et DBR-forskningsprojekt. Med udgangspunkt i forsknings- og udviklingsprojektet ELYK: E-læring, Yderområder og Klyngedannelse, præsenteres den innovationsmodel, som projektet har udviklet med udgangspunkt i Design Based Research traditionen. ELYKs DBR innovationsmodel har vist sig effektiv i forhold...

  19. Simulation Parameters Settings Methodology Proposal Based on Leverage Points

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janošek, Michal; Kocian, Václav

    Simulation belongs to one of the most time consuming phases of complex system design. It is necessary to test our model with number of parameters of the entire simulation, control mechanism and components. We test various scenarios and strategies. In this article we would like to present the methodology proposal for simulation parameters settings based on leverage points' hierarchy developed by Donella H. Meadows to aid the simulation process.

  20. Problem Based Game Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reng, Lars; Schoenau-Fog, Henrik

    2011-01-01

    At Aalborg University’s department of Medialogy, we are utilizing the Problem Based Learning method to encourage students to solve game design problems by pushing the boundaries and designing innovative games. This paper is concerned with describing this method, how students employ it in various ...... projects and how they learn to analyse, design, and develop for innovation by using it. We will present various cases to exemplify the approach and focus on how the method engages students and aspires for innovation in digital entertainment and games.......At Aalborg University’s department of Medialogy, we are utilizing the Problem Based Learning method to encourage students to solve game design problems by pushing the boundaries and designing innovative games. This paper is concerned with describing this method, how students employ it in various...

  1. The Translation between Functional Requirements and Design Parameters for Robust Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Göhler, Simon Moritz; Husung, Stephan; Howard, Thomas J.

    2016-01-01

    computer aided functional tolerancing. Non-optimal tolerances yield potentials for cost improvements in manufacturing and more consistency of the functional performance of the product. In this contribution a framework is proposed to overcome the observed problems and increase the clarity, transparency......The specification of and justification for design parameter (DP) tolerances are primarily based on the acceptable variation of the functions’ performance and the functions’ sensitivity to the design parameters. However, why certain tolerances are needed is often not transparent, especially...... in complex products with multi-disciplinary development teams. In those cases, tolerance synthesis and analysis get complicated which introduces ambiguities and difficulties for system-integrators and lead engineers for the objective decision making in terms of trade-offs but also in terms of an efficient...

  2. Design parameters for the Very Large Hadron Collider

    CERN Document Server

    Mishra, C S

    1999-01-01

    The goal of the Very Large Hadron Collider (VLHC) is to extend the energy frontier beyond LHC. The proposed design center-of-mass energy for the VLHC pp collider is 100 TeV, with a luminosity of le34 cm/sup -2/ sec/sup -1/. At present accelerator designs and calculations are being carried out for two different magnet technologies, one using superferric magnets at 2 Tesla (T), the other using high-field design with B>10 T. This paper summarizes the accelerator parameters for these two designs. We discuss the design parameters that have the largest effects on the performance of the accelerator and therefore need careful optimization. (11 refs).

  3. Linux平台下远程多生理参数监护系统的实现%Design of Embedded Multiple Physiological Parameters Monitoring System Based on Linux Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘继忠; 王保磊; 黄翔; 陈海初; 张华

    2013-01-01

    Taking use of a new generation of communication network GPRS(General Packet Radio Service)and IP network seamless access,a multiple physiological parameters monitoring system is designed,which is based on a CSN808 sensor module and constructed Linux system platform.Five physiological parameters of blood pressure,temperature,heart wave,and blood oxygen saturation can be monitored by the system.When the measured parameters are over or below the patient's normal range of values,it can trigger alarm.Experiments show the system can monitor and display the parameters steadily and real-timely with its portable advantage in size.%利用新一代通信网络GPRS(General Packet Radio Service)与IP网络的无缝接入设计了一种人体多生理参数远程监护系统.系统采用CSN808传感器模块,基于嵌入式Linux平台,实现心电波、血压、体温、脉搏和血氧饱和度等5大生理参数实时监测,具有参数异常报警功能.测试表明:系统能够稳定、准确、实时监测显示各项生理参数,适用于家庭护理、医院等场合.

  4. PARAMETER DESIGN OF AN ELECTRO PNEUMATIC SYSTEM USING RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajakannu Amuthakkannan

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In the present scenario, more number of software based mechanical systems are coming with advanced technologies like embedded system control or computer system control for various industrial applications. Mechatronics is a popular technology in the evolutionary process of modern engineering automation system design. The ineffective parameter design in software based mechatronics system may produce the severe consequences in the application field, even there is a chance of accidents. So, careful process parameter design is an essential issue in software based mechatronics systems. The response surface methodology has widely used in industry for the purpose of finding factors that are most important in achieving useful goals in any processes. This research outlines the optimization of parameters in a software based electro pneumatic system for the response of time taken to complete the sequence of operations by applying response surface methodology. In this work, the parameters from both hardware and software products are taken to analyze the software based mechatronics system.

  5. Design Based Wilderness Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher R. Saulnier

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT has been collaborating since 2010 with the Singapore Ministry of Education to help develop the Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD. One element of this collaboration, the Global Leadership Program (GLP, aims to provide SUTD students with the opportunity to interact with the MIT community and experience MIT’s academic culture. During GLP students participate in a program designed to develop leadership ability while also increasing their understanding of engineering science and design thinking. This paper introduces a curriculum combining the pedagogies of design-based learning and wilderness education that was implemented in the summer of 2014 to holistically address the development of these three competencies. Through design-based learning activities, both for and in a natural environment, students were encouraged to develop competencies in engineering science and engineering design while exploring the diverse attributes essential for success as an engineer. This paper examines the results of a retrospective post-then-pre survey administered to the participants upon completion of the program to explore the effects of the program on the development of professional engineering competencies. We find a statistically significant increase in items associated with Individual Leadership Skill, Group Leadership Skill and the role of Society and the Economy. These results are triangulated with student exit interviews and instructor observations.

  6. ACTIVITY - BASED COSTING DESIGNING

    OpenAIRE

    Wioletta Skibiñska; Marta Kad³ubek

    2010-01-01

    The traditional costing system sometimes does not give accurate information about the consumption of different resources and the activities of the organisation. The activity-based costing system is an information-rich costing system which is more and more necessary for the success of many European companies. Base of designing and implementation of an ABC system in the enterprises are presented in the article.

  7. Hybrid ANFIS-ants system based optimisation of turning parameters

    OpenAIRE

    F. Cus; J. Balic; U. Zuperl

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The paper presents a new hybrid multi-objective optimization technique, based on ant colony optimization algorithm (ACO), to optimize the machining parameters in turning processes.Design/methodology/approach: Three conflicting objectives, production cost, operation time and cutting quality are simultaneously optimized. An objective function based on maximum profit in operation has been used. The proposed approach uses adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) system to represent ...

  8. Design of a ×4 subharmonic sub-millimeter wave diode mixer, based on an analytic expression for small-signal conversion admittance parameters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Michaelsen, Rasmus Schandorph; Johansen, Tom Keinicke; Krozer, Viktor

    2013-01-01

    Instead of using frequency multipliers before a fundamental mixer, subharmonic mixers can be used. In order to develop novel subharmonic mixer architectures it is necessary to know the exact signal phase at the nonlinear element. The purpose of this paper is to generalize the description of the s......Instead of using frequency multipliers before a fundamental mixer, subharmonic mixers can be used. In order to develop novel subharmonic mixer architectures it is necessary to know the exact signal phase at the nonlinear element. The purpose of this paper is to generalize the description...... of the small-signal admittance in a Schottky-diode mixer where the phase can be set arbitrarily. It is shown that only for the case of a fundamental frequency mixer this admittance becomes a purely real valued conductance. To test the theory a ×4 subharmonic sub-millimeter wave mixer is designed and simulated...

  9. 广东省柔性基层沥青路面设计弯沉计算参数研究%Study on Calculation Parameters of Design Deflection for Asphalt Pavement with Flexible Base in Guangdong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄博彦; 王钊

    2012-01-01

    Through analyzing origin of actual design deflection calculation formula in specification for design of highway asphalt pavement and their applications in Guangdong Province, being combined with highway condition data of several highway asphalt pavement constructed earliest, study on calculation parameters of design deflec- tion for asphalt pavement with flexible base is conducted and the formula of asphalt pavement design deflection calculation is calibrated. By means of mechanically analyzing total thickness of flexible base and condition of flexural tensile stress in coarse bottom of semi-rigid base, composite base and flexible base pavement which are commonly used in Guangdong Province, the applicable situation for different values of deflection calculation pa- rameters is put forward.%通过分析现行沥青路面设计规范中设计弯沉计算公式的由来及在广东省的适用情况,结合广东省最早修建的几条高速公路沥青路面的路况资料,对柔性基层沥青路面设计弯沉相关计算参数进行了研究,标定了沥青路面设计弯沉计算公式。此外,通过力学分析计算广东省内常见的半刚性、组合式及柔性路面结构中柔性层的总厚度及层底弯拉应力的受力状况,提出了弯沉计算参数不同取值的适用条件。

  10. Circular object recognition based on shape parameters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Aijun; Li Jinzong; Zhu Bing

    2007-01-01

    To recognize circular objects rapidly in satellite remote sensing imagery, an approach using their geometry properties is presented.The original image is segmented to be a binary one by one dimension maximum entropy threshold algorithm and the binary image is labeled with an algorithm based on recursion technique.Then, shape parameters of all labeled regions are calculated and those regions with shape parameters satisfying certain conditions are recognized as circular objects.The algorithm is described in detail, and comparison experiments with the randomized Hough transformation (RHT) are also provided.The experimental results on synthetic images and real images show that the proposed method has the merits of fast recognition rate, high recognition efficiency and the ability of anti-noise and anti-jamming.In addition, the method performs well when some circular objects are little deformed and partly misshapen.

  11. Wear prediction on total ankle replacement effect of design parameters

    CERN Document Server

    Saad, Amir Putra Bin Md; Harun, Muhamad Noor; Kadir, Mohammed Rafiq Abdul

    2016-01-01

    This book develops and analyses computational wear simulations of the total ankle replacement for the stance phase of gait cycle. The emphasis is put on the relevant design parameters. The book presents a model consisting of three components; tibial, bearing and talar representing their physiological functions.

  12. Parameter Scaling and Practical Design of TME Lattice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jiao, Yi; Cai, Yunhai; Chao, Alex; /SLAC /Beijing, Inst. High Energy Phys. /SLAC

    2011-11-08

    It is a challenge to produce a practical design of an electron storage ring with a theorectical minimum emittance (TME) lattice of ultra low emittance, e.g. several pico-meters, due to the very strong focusing and extremely large natural chromaticity associated to these lattice designs. To help dealing with this challenge, it is requisite to scale the parameters and look for a best solution. In this paper, the parameter scaling is summarized, and it is argued that, with the lattice configuration with defocusing quadrupole closer to the dipole or just defocusing dipole, one can reach a good balance of the low emittance and relative small natural chromaticity, with phase advance per half cell below {pi}/2. The 10 pm TME lattice for PEP-X is shown at last as demonstration of the design procedure.

  13. Finite element analysis on badminton racket design parameters

    CERN Document Server

    Nasruddin, Fakhrizal Azmy; Syahrom, Ardiyansyah; Abdul Kadir, Mohammed Rafiq; Omar, Abdul Hafidz; Öchsner, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    This work identifies the characteristics of racket design parameters that influence racket performance.  It presents the finite element analysis of several designs of badminton rackets and compares them to experimental results for validation. Designing a racket requires a comprehensive understanding of racket performance characteristics. Essentially, racket performance is related to the sweet spot, which is the spot on the racket head that produces the most power and control when it strikes a shuttlecock. Determining a coefficient of restitution can help to identify the sweet spot on a racket. By analyzing several head shape designs, it becomes apparent that isometric head shape rackets produce better coefficients of restitution compared to oval and round ones. It is recommended that the racket design consist of low string tension, stiffer racket shafts and bigger head size in order to produce higher shuttlecock speed.

  14. Multiobjective Optimization Method Based on Adaptive Parameter Harmony Search Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Sabarinath

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The present trend in industries is to improve the techniques currently used in design and manufacture of products in order to meet the challenges of the competitive market. The crucial task nowadays is to find the optimal design and machining parameters so as to minimize the production costs. Design optimization involves more numbers of design variables with multiple and conflicting objectives, subjected to complex nonlinear constraints. The complexity of optimal design of machine elements creates the requirement for increasingly effective algorithms. Solving a nonlinear multiobjective optimization problem requires significant computing effort. From the literature it is evident that metaheuristic algorithms are performing better in dealing with multiobjective optimization. In this paper, we extend the recently developed parameter adaptive harmony search algorithm to solve multiobjective design optimization problems using the weighted sum approach. To determine the best weightage set for this analysis, a performance index based on least average error is used to determine the index of each weightage set. The proposed approach is applied to solve a biobjective design optimization of disc brake problem and a newly formulated biobjective design optimization of helical spring problem. The results reveal that the proposed approach is performing better than other algorithms.

  15. Design of wearable data acquisition module for thermal comfort evaluation based on physiological parameters%生理参数热舒适评价中的穿戴式数据采集模块设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江朝晖; 王春生; 张静

    2013-01-01

    基于生理参数的热舒适评价是热环境质量评估的新方法.为了提高该方法的实用性,设计了一种穿戴式、多生理参数采集模块.以Zig Bee技术为核心,采用聚偏氟乙烯(PVDF)薄膜传感器、半导体温度传感器和Ω/V变换原理分别检测脉搏、皮肤温度和皮肤电阻.实验结果表明:模块可靠采集腕部的皮肤温度和皮肤电阻,并从脉搏信号获取心搏间期序列,数据发送正常.该模块适合在自然状态下采集生理信号,有利于研究和应用多种生理参数综合评价热舒适性.%Thermal comfort evaluation based on physiological parameters is a new method for thermal environment quality assessment. In order to improve practicability of this method, a kind of wearable acquisition module of multi-physiological parameters is designed. Data acquisition and communication is based on Zig Bee technology, PVDF sensor, semiconductor temperature sensor and principle of Ω/V transform are adopted to respectively measure pulse,skin temperature and skin resistance. The experimental results show that skin temperature and skin resistance on wrist are measured reliably by module, RRI sequences are also extracted from the pulse signal, and data transmission is normal. This module collects physiological signals conveniently in the natural state of user is advantageous to the research and application of comprehensive evaluation for thermal comfort based on multiple physiological parameters

  16. Defining New Parameters for Green Engineering Design of Treatment Reactors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Boeykens

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This study proposes a green way to design Plug Flow Reactors (PFR that use biodegradable polymer solutions, capable of contaminant retaining, for industrial wastewater treatment. Usually, to the design of a PFR, the reaction rate is determined by tests on a Continuous Stirred-Tank Reactor (CSTR, these generate toxic effluents and also increase the cost of the design. In this work, empirical expressions (called “slip functions”, in terms of the average concentration of the contaminant, were developed through the study of the transport behaviour of CrVI into solutions of xanthan gum. “In situ” XRµF was selected as a no-invasive micro-technique to determine local concentrations. Slip functions were used with laboratory PFR experiments planned in similar conditions, to obtain useful dimensionless parameters for the industrial design

  17. Experimental Investigations on Performance and Design Parameters of Solar Chimney

    OpenAIRE

    İbrahim ÜÇGÜL; KOYUN, Arif

    2010-01-01

    In this study, a solar chimney system, which is suitable for climate conditions of Isparta and its surroundings, is designed theoretically. With the aim of studying experimentally as based on that design, a prototype solar chimney has been constructed in the university campus area of Süleyman Demirel University-RACRER (Research and Application Center for Renewable Energy Resources). Additionally, after the experimental studies, the system is modelled theoretically with depending on the design...

  18. Optimization design of resistance spot welding parameters of magnesium alloy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lang Bo; Sun Daqian; Wu Qiong; Xuan Zhaozhi

    2008-01-01

    By means of the quadratic regression combination design process, the regression equations of nugget diameter and tensile shear load of spot welded joint were established. Effects of welding parameters on the nugget diameter and the tensile shear load were investigated. The results show that effect of welding current on nugget diameter is the most evident. And higher welding current will result in bigger nugget diameter. Besides, interaction effect of electrode force and welding current on tensile shear load is the most evident compared with others. The optimum welding parameters corresponding to the maximum of tensile shear load have been obtained by programming using Matlab software, which is 4.7kN electrode force, 28kA welding current and 4 cycle welding time. Under the condition of the optimum welding parameters, the joint having no visible defects can be obtained, nugget diameter and tensile shear load being 6.8mm and 3 256N, respectively.

  19. Selection of design parameters for a slurry injection tool

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chen, Y; Munkholm, Lars Juhl; Nyord, Tavs

    2013-01-01

    determined through minimizing the tool draft force with constraints which ensured that the desired amount of slurry can be injected into the soil without slurry being exposed on the soil surface. Four sweeps with different working widths (50, 110, 180, and 250 mm) and a constant rake angle of 15° were......Injection has been recognized as an effective method for land application of liquid slurry. Optimization design is essential for developing higher-performance injection tools and identifying potential improvement of existing tools. In this study, design parameters of an injection tool were...

  20. Robust parameter design for automatically controlled systems and nanostructure synthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dasgupta, Tirthankar

    2007-12-01

    This research focuses on developing comprehensive frameworks for developing robust parameter design methodology for dynamic systems with automatic control and for synthesis of nanostructures. In many automatically controlled dynamic processes, the optimal feedback control law depends on the parameter design solution and vice versa and therefore an integrated approach is necessary. A parameter design methodology in the presence of feedback control is developed for processes of long duration under the assumption that experimental noise factors are uncorrelated over time. Systems that follow a pure-gain dynamic model are considered and the best proportional-integral and minimum mean squared error control strategies are developed by using robust parameter design. The proposed method is illustrated using a simulated example and a case study in a urea packing plant. This idea is also extended to cases with on-line noise factors. The possibility of integrating feedforward control with a minimum mean squared error feedback control scheme is explored. To meet the needs of large scale synthesis of nanostructures, it is critical to systematically find experimental conditions under which the desired nanostructures are synthesized reproducibly, at large quantity and with controlled morphology. The first part of the research in this area focuses on modeling and optimization of existing experimental data. Through a rigorous statistical analysis of experimental data, models linking the probabilities of obtaining specific morphologies to the process variables are developed. A new iterative algorithm for fitting a Multinomial GLM is proposed and used. The optimum process conditions, which maximize the above probabilities and make the synthesis process less sensitive to variations of process variables around set values, are derived from the fitted models using Monte-Carlo simulations. The second part of the research deals with development of an experimental design methodology, tailor

  1. 基于GDT的聚变裂变混合堆堆芯参数初步设计研究%Preliminary design of core plasma parameters for the fusion-fission hybrid reactor based on GDT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈德鸿; 杜红飞; 蒋洁琼; 汪晖; 王福琼; 陈一平; 吴宜灿; FDS团队

    2012-01-01

    Based on the recent experiment progress of Gas Dynamic Trap (GDT), a core plasma physics conceptual design for driving fission blanket was proposed The 0-D physical model was built and the core plasma parameters with 50 MW fusion power were preliminarily designed The reliability of the physical model and design was demonstrated by comparison between the calculation and the experiment results.%基于Gas Dynamic Trap(GDT)装置的实验进展,提出了用于驱动聚变裂变混合堆包层的聚变堆芯参数设计.基于零维堆芯物理模型,计算分析给出了一套聚变功率为50 MW的初步堆芯参数方案.利用GDT装置的实验结果对该物理模型进行计算对比校验,显示该物理模型和设计参数的可靠性.

  2. Gardner定时同步环路参数设计及性能分析%Parameters design and performance analysis of the timing recovery loop based on Gardner timing detector

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付永明; 朱江; 琚瑛珏

    2012-01-01

    In-depth research was carried out into parameters design in the feedback timing recovery loop based on Gardner timing error detector,according to the theory of digital phase-lock loop. MATLAB based simulation was performed for both first-order and second-order loop. Comprehensive analysis of the influence from loop order and noise- equivalent bandwidth on synchronization performance indicates the relationship between synchronization performance and noise-equivalent bandwidth,which provides a theoretic reference for timing recovery loop design.%以数字锁相环理论为依据,对Gardner定时误差检测器反馈定时环路参数的设计进行了深入研究,基于MATLAB对一阶、二阶环路性能进行了仿真,重点分析了环路阶数和等效噪声带宽对系统性能的影响,得到了等效噪声带宽与定时同步环路性能的关系,为定时同步环路的设计提供了理论依据.

  3. FEM numerical model study of electrosurgical dispersive electrode design parameters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearce, John A

    2015-08-01

    Electrosurgical dispersive electrodes must safely carry the surgical current in monopolar procedures, such as those used in cutting, coagulation and radio frequency ablation (RFA). Of these, RFA represents the most stringent design constraint since ablation currents are often more than 1 to 2 Arms (continuous) for several minutes depending on the size of the lesion desired and local heat transfer conditions at the applicator electrode. This stands in contrast to standard surgical activations, which are intermittent, and usually less than 1 Arms, but for several seconds at a time. Dispersive electrode temperature rise is also critically determined by the sub-surface skin anatomy, thicknesses of the subcutaneous and supra-muscular fat, etc. Currently, we lack fundamental engineering design criteria that provide an estimating framework for preliminary designs of these electrodes. The lack of a fundamental design framework means that a large number of experiments must be conducted in order to establish a reasonable design. Previously, an attempt to correlate maximum temperatures in experimental work with the average current density-time product failed to yield a good match. This paper develops and applies a new measure of an electrode stress parameter that correlates well with both the previous experimental data and with numerical models of other electrode shapes. The finite element method (FEM) model work was calibrated against experimental RF lesions in porcine skin to establish the fundamental principle underlying dispersive electrode performance. The results can be used in preliminary electrode design calculations, experiment series design and performance evaluation. PMID:26736814

  4. Study of automatic designing of line heating technique parameters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Based on experimental data of line heating, the methods of vector mapping, plane projection, and coordinate converting are presented to establish the spectra for line heating distortion discipline which shows the relationship between process parameters and distortion parameters of line heating. Back-propagation network (BP-net) is used to modify the spectra.Mathematical models for optimizing line heating techniques parameters, which include two-objective functions,are constructed. To convert the multi-objective optimization into a single-objective one, the method of changing weight coefficient is used, and then the individual fitness function is built up. Taking the number of heating lines, distance between the heating lines' border (line space), and shrink quantity of lines as three restrictive conditions,a hierarchy genetic algorithm (HGA) code is established by making use of information provided by the spectra, in which inner coding and outer coding adopt different heredity arithmetic operators in inherent operating. The numerical example shows that the spectra for line heating distortion discipline presented here can provide accurate information required by techniques parameter prediction of line heating process and the technique parameter optimization method based on HGA provided here can obtain good results for hull plate.

  5. Parameter Designing for Heave Compensation Hydraulic System Installed in Deepwater

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhao Teng

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The function diagram of active heave compensation hydraulic system has been given, besides, the mathematics model for the principal hydraulic components of the compensation system has been built, and the input-output relation between components has been made clear. Aimed at compensating work capacity for the system, design and research on parameters as the bearing pressure, the initial state and the maximum flow of hydraulic cylinder, accumulator and other principal components have been made separately, and standardized design has been accomplished in accordance with relevant standards. Furthermore, calculus and verification for the capacity of the hydraulic system in different working stages have been made in order to calculate the pressure lose of the system and provide objective data for the hardware system design of the hydraulic components of the heave compensation system.

  6. Creating A Data Base For Design Of An Impeller

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prueger, George H.; Chen, Wei-Chung

    1993-01-01

    Report describes use of Taguchi method of parametric design to create data base facilitating optimization of design of impeller in centrifugal pump. Data base enables systematic design analysis covering all significant design parameters. Reduces time and cost of parametric optimization of design: for particular impeller considered, one can cover 4,374 designs by computational simulations of performance for only 18 cases.

  7. Normal Domain Design of Multi-parameter in Engine Cold Test Based on SVDD%基于SVDD的发动机冷试多参数控制限设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨嘉; 卜宇君; 金隼

    2013-01-01

    In order to improve the accuracy of engine cold test,apply Support Vector Data Description (SVDD)to design of the normal domain.Choose relevant parameters based on the tail relevance,improve parameters optimization method of SVDD according to the data characteristic,achieve the SVDD boundary formation algorithm,put forward incremental learning strategies to deal with the big sample size.Test results show that the new normal domain reduces Type Ⅱ error,and point out that the Type Ⅰ error will be reduced with the introduction of the sample and tends to the stability.%为了提高发动机冷试检测的准确率,将支持向量数据描述应用于正常域设计.基于尾部关联性选择关联参数,针对数据的特点改进了SVDD参数优化方法,实现了SVDD边界形成算法,提出增量学习策略应对学习过程样本量巨大的问题.实例测试结果表明新型正常域降低了漏报率,并指出误报率将随着样本的引入降低并趋于稳定.

  8. Analysis of Several Key Parameters in the Design of Infrared Stealth Coating

    OpenAIRE

    Hu Rui; Wang Xuanyu

    2016-01-01

    In order to optimize the design and further determine the related parameters of the infrared stealth coating, this thesis derives the calculating formula of coating thickness d and surface emissivity ε based on optical thin film theory and conducts relevant designing targeted at multi-layer spraying existing in the stealth coating operations. The research results show that the proposed method extends the application of optical thin film theory in stealth coating designing and has theoretical ...

  9. Extended Range Guided Munition Parameter Optimization Based on Genetic Algorithms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Many factors influencing range of extended range guided munition (ERGM) are analyzed. The definition domain of the most important three parameters are ascertained by preparatory mathematical simulation, the optimized mathematical model of ERGM maximum range with boundary conditions is created, and parameter optimization based on genetic algorithm (GA) is adopted. In the GA design, three-point crossover is used and the best chromosome is kept so that the convergence speed becomes rapid. Simulation result shows that GA is feasible, the result is good and it can be easy to attain global optimization solution, especially when the objective function is not the convex one for independent variables and it is a multi-parameter problem.

  10. Robust Active Suspension Design Subject to Vehicle Inertial Parameter Variations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hai-Ping Du; Nong Zhang

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents an approach in designing a robust controller for vehicle suspensions considering changes in vehicle inertial properties. A four-degree-of-freedom half-car model with active suspension is studied in this paper, and three main performance requirements are considered. Among these requirements, the ride comfort performance is optimized by minimizing the H∞ norm of the transfer function from the road disturbance to the sprung mass acceleration, while the road holding performance and the suspension deflection limitation are guaranteed by constraining the generalized H2 (GH2) norms of the transfer functions from the road disturbance to the dynamic tyre load and the suspension deflection to be less than their hard limits, respectively. At the same time, the controller saturation problem is considered by constraining its peak response output to be less than a given limit using the GH2 norm as well. By solving the finite number of linear matrix inequalities (LMIs) with the minimization optimization procedure, the controller gains, which are dependent on the time-varying inertial parameters, can be obtained. Numerical simulations on both frequency and bump responses show that the designed parameter-dependent controller can achieve better active suspension performance compared with the passive suspension in spite of the variations of inertial parameters.

  11. Studies on the key parameters in segmental lining design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhenchang Guan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The uniform ring model and the shell-spring model for segmental lining design are reviewed in this article. The former is the most promising means to reflect the real behavior of segmental lining, while the latter is the most popular means in practice due to its simplicity. To understand the relationship and the difference between these two models, both of them are applied to the engineering practice of Fuzhou Metro Line I, where the key parameters used in both models are described and compared. The effective ratio of bending rigidity η reflecting the relative stiffness between segmental lining and surrounding ground and the transfer ratio of bending moment ξ reflecting the relative stiffness between segment and joint, which are two key parameters used in the uniform ring model, are especially emphasized. The reasonable values for these two key parameters are calibrated by comparing the bending moments calculated from both two models. Through case studies, it is concluded that the effective ratio of bending rigidity η increases significantly with good soil properties, increases slightly with increasing overburden, and decreases slightly with increasing water head. Meanwhile, the transfer ratio of bending moment ξ seems to only relate to the properties of segmental lining itself and has a minor relation with the ground conditions. These results could facilitate the design practice for Fuzhou Metro Line I, and could also provide some references to other projects with respect to similar scenarios.

  12. Application of case-based reasoning for machining parameters selection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grabowik, C.; Kalinowski, K.; Krenczyk, D.; Paprocka, I.; Kempa, W.

    2016-08-01

    Process planning, as one of the most important stage of the technological production preparation, consists in selection of manufacturing operations taking into account the minimal manufacturing cost. The minimal manufacturing cost could be achieved by selection of the best sequence of manufacturing operations, machine tools, manufacturing tools, and accompanying machining parameters selection. On the other hand, it is almost impossible, especially in industrial conditions, to design an optimal process plan, first of all due to restrictions imposed by the installed in the factory machine park. Taking into consideration above, machining parameter selection seems to be one of the potential areas of optimization. In manual process planning process engineers select machining parameters using selection rules and data stored in manuals and tool catalogues. It makes this process time and labour consuming and non-error free. On the other hand, in workshop practice, machine operators select parameters having their skills and habits in mind. It could be a reason for suboptimal process planning. Considering this, new methods of machining parameters selection free of human factor influence are still sought. In our approach, we propose to apply case-based reasoning for machining parameter selection. In the paper, a detailed description of our approach is presented.

  13. Structural parameter optimization design for Halbach permanent maglev rail

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guo, F., E-mail: guofang19830119@163.co [R and D Center of Applied Superconductivity, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China); Tang, Y.; Ren, L.; Li, J. [R and D Center of Applied Superconductivity, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China)

    2010-11-01

    Maglev rail is an important part of the magnetic levitation launch system. Reducing the manufacturing cost of magnetic levitation rail is the key problem for the development of magnetic levitation launch system. The Halbach permanent array has an advantage that the fundamental spatial field is cancelled on one side of the array while the field on the other side is enhanced. So this array used in the design of high temperature superconducting permanent maglev rail could improve the surface magnetic field and the levitation force. In order to make the best use of Nd-Fe-B (NdFeB) material and reduce the cost of maglev rail, the effect of the rail's structural parameters on levitation force and the utilization rate of NdFeB material are analyzed. The optimal ranges of these structural parameters are obtained. The mutual impact of these parameters is also discussed. The optimization method of these structure parameters is proposed at the end of this paper.

  14. Optimizing advanced propeller designs by simultaneously updating flow variables and design parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizk, Magdi H.

    1988-01-01

    A scheme is developed for solving constrained optimization problems in which the objective function and the constraint function are dependent on the solution of the nonlinear flow equations. The scheme updates the design parameter iterative solutions and the flow variable iterative solutions simultaneously. It is applied to an advanced propeller design problem with the Euler equations used as the flow governing equations. The scheme's accuracy, efficiency and sensitivity to the computational parameters are tested.

  15. Aerodynamic optimization by simultaneously updating flow variables and design parameters with application to advanced propeller designs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizk, Magdi H.

    1988-01-01

    A scheme is developed for solving constrained optimization problems in which the objective function and the constraint function are dependent on the solution of the nonlinear flow equations. The scheme updates the design parameter iterative solutions and the flow variable iterative solutions simultaneously. It is applied to an advanced propeller design problem with the Euler equations used as the flow governing equations. The scheme's accuracy, efficiency and sensitivity to the computational parameters are tested.

  16. Design Parameters Influencing Reliability of CCGA Assembly: A Sensitivity Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tasooji, Amaneh; Ghaffarian, Reza; Rinaldi, Antonio

    2006-01-01

    Area Array microelectronic packages with small pitch and large I/O counts are now widely used in microelectronics packaging. The impact of various package design and materials/process parameters on reliability has been studied through extensive literature review. Reliability of Ceramic Column Grid Array (CCGA) package assemblies has been evaluated using JPL thermal cycle test results (-50(deg)/75(deg)C, -55(deg)/100(deg)C, and -55(deg)/125(deg)C), as well as those reported by other investigators. A sensitivity analysis has been performed using the literature da to study the impact of design parameters and global/local stress conditions on assembly reliability. The applicability of various life-prediction models for CCGA design has been investigated by comparing model's predictions with the experimental thermal cycling data. Finite Element Method (FEM) analysis has been conducted to assess the state of the stress/strain in CCGA assembly under different thermal cycling, and to explain the different failure modes and locations observed in JPL test assemblies.

  17. Online Tracking Parameter Adaptation based on Evaluation

    OpenAIRE

    Chau D.P.; Badie J.; Bremond F.; Thonnat M.

    2013-01-01

    International audience Parameter tuning is a common issue for many tracking algorithms. In order to solve this problem, this paper proposes an online parameter tuning to adapt a tracking algorithm to various scene contexts. In an offline training phase, this approach learns how to tune the tracker parameters to cope with different contexts. In the online control phase, once the tracking quality is evaluated as not good enough, the proposed approach computes the current context and tunes th...

  18. Horizontal metal extrusion machine parameter design and analysis based on VS and Python%基于VS与Python的卧式金属挤压机参数化设计与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王勇勤; 张雷; 严兴春; 韩炳涛; 张君; 丁建文

    2012-01-01

    以VS为平台,结合SolidWorks软件的参数化和Abaqus的命令设计语言Python,通过关键点坐标获得对当前正在操作的有限元模型的相关信息,克服了传统以编号搜索加载边或面的参数化方式的缺陷.实现了对于复杂结构的模型参数化设计和模型结构发生明显变化的有限元参数化设计.同时,消除了重复对有限元软件进行操作的弊端,为灵活优化结构并实现参数化分析提供了便利.以此为基础开发了卧式金属挤压机参数化设计与分析平台,极大地缩短了设计分析周期,实现了卧式金属挤压机结构设计及优化分析的快速化.此外,这一方法对类似的机械构件的参数化设计分析也有一定的参考价值.%Based on VS, combining the parametric of SolidWorks and Abaqus command language-Python, the relevant information of finite element model was got through the known key point coordinate to overcome the defect that the traditional way to search the edge or surface with numbers. The parametric design of the complex structure model and the finite element parametric design of the model whose structures change obviously were realized. Also, the drawback of repetitive operation to the finite element software was eliminated which made the flexible structure optimization and the realization of parametric analysis more convenient. On the basis of the research, the parameter design and analysis platform of horizontal metal extrusion machine were developed, which shortened the design cycle greatly and made its structure design and optimization analysis more quickly. In addition, the method has certain reference value for parametric design and analysis of other similar mechanical components.

  19. A procedure for multi-objective optimization of tire design parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikola Korunović

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The identification of optimal tire design parameters for satisfying different requirements, i.e. tire performance characteristics, plays an essential role in tire design. In order to improve tire performance characteristics, formulation and solving of multi-objective optimization problem must be performed. This paper presents a multi-objective optimization procedure for determination of optimal tire design parameters for simultaneous minimization of strain energy density at two distinctive zones inside the tire. It consists of four main stages: pre-analysis, design of experiment, mathematical modeling and multi-objective optimization. Advantage of the proposed procedure is reflected in the fact that multi-objective optimization is based on the Pareto concept, which enables design engineers to obtain a complete set of optimization solutions and choose a suitable tire design. Furthermore, modeling of the relationships between tire design parameters and objective functions based on multiple regression analysis minimizes computational and modeling effort. The adequacy of the proposed tire design multi-objective optimization procedure has been validated by performing experimental trials based on finite element method.

  20. Network congestion control algorithm based on parameter-insensitive design%基于参数不敏感设计的网络拥塞控制算法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘治; 倪杰; 文俊朝; 章云; 王耀南

    2009-01-01

    本文提出了一种新颖的主动队列管理(active queue management,AQM)策略一间隔随机早期检测(interval random earlv detection,IRED).与传统的RED机制不同,IRED的参数设计中,平均队长的门限值一最小阈值和最大阈值从固定不变的单值,变为了一个阈值区间.相对于RED的单值固定阈值的设计,IRED的适应能力和鲁棒性得到增强,在大多数的网络环境下能够保持良好的性能,特别是在网络状态出现波动和突变时,其性能比传统的AQM算法更佳.本文进一步采用了TCP-AQM的动态模型分析了使用IRED控制器的拥塞控制系统的稳定性,分析了系统的稳定裕度,并给出了稳定裕度与控制增益的关系式,从而提出了一种根据期望稳定裕度来设计阈值区间的系统化方法.最后.在NS-2仿真平台上,通过与RED和Gentle-RED种算法比较,证明IRED优越性,特别是在变负载的网络环境下的良好性能.%A novel active queue management(AQM) scheme called IRED(interval random early detection) is proposed to avoid the network congestion. Being different from the RED (random early detection) algorithm, the IRED uses the interval parameter mechanism to reduce the control sensitivity to the network variation, which improves the adaptive and robust performance of the network system. With the interval design, IRED achieves a better performance in the busty network environment. Furthermore, the closed-loop stability of the congestion control system is studied based on the trans-mission control protocol-active queue management(TCP-AQM) dynamic fluid model. By analyzing the stability margin of the congestion control system, we propose a systematic design method to design the interval parameter according to the expected stability performance. Finally, the simulation experiment is studied to verify the superior performance of IRED in a varying network environment.

  1. Community based design support

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Daalhuizen, J.; Badke-Schaub, P.; Fokker, J.

    Different approaches of design methodology that have been developed throughout the history of the design methods movement have produced many insights into the structure of the design process (Alexander, 1964; Simon, 1969; Schön. 1983; Hubka and Eder, 1987; Pahl and Beitz. 1984; Roozenburg and Eekels

  2. Parameter optimization in AQM controller design to support TCP traffic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Wei; Yang, Oliver W.

    2004-09-01

    TCP congestion control mechanism has been widely investigated and deployed on Internet in preventing congestion collapse. We would like to employ modern control theory to specify quantitatively the control performance of the TCP communication system. In this paper, we make use of a commonly used performance index called the Integral of the Square of the Error (ISE), which is a quantitative measure to gauge the performance of a control system. By applying the ISE performance index into the Proportional-plus-Integral controller based on Pole Placement (PI_PP controller) for active queue management (AQM) in IP routers, we can further tune the parameters for the controller to achieve an optimum control minimizing control errors. We have analyzed the dynamic model of the TCP congestion control under this ISE, and used OPNET simulation tool to verify the derived optimized parameters of the controllers.

  3. Statics analysis and structure parameter design of robot shoulder joint based on orthogonal mechanism%基于正交机构的机器人肩关节静力学分析与结构参数设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔冰艳; 金振林

    2011-01-01

    为了增大机器人肩关节的工作空间和承载能力,改善机器人肩关节的通用性与适应性,提出一种基于3-RRR正交球面并联机构的新型机器人肩关节,并对机器人肩关节进行了静力学分析和结构参数设计.首先,应用虚功原理建立机器人肩关节的静力学传递方程;其次,利用矩阵理论中的范数知识,将力雅克比矩阵引入静力学性能评价指标中,定义了机器人肩关节的静力学性能评价指标和全域力矩性能评价指标,并绘制了静力学性能评价指标在工作空间内的性能图谱.建立了基于机器人肩关节全域力矩性能评价指标的目标优化函数,分析了目标优化函数与全域力矩性能评价指标的关系,并利用全域搜索法,得到了机器人肩关节的优化结构参数:中间杆WB的杆长为49.8~60 mm,连架杆AU的杆长为90~112 mm.分析结果表明,机器人肩关节在初始位置附近具有良好的静力学传递性,且其随着转角的增大而降低.最后,根据优化的结构参数设计了新型的机器人肩关节.%In order to increase the workspace and carrying capacity of a robot shoulder joint and to improve its popularity and adaptability, a novel robot shoulder joint was proposed based on 3-RRR orthogonal spherical parallel mechanism. The statics performance of the robot shoulder joint was analyzed and the structure parameters were designed. Firstly, the static transmission equation of the robot shoulder joint was established based on the principle of virtual works. Then,by use of the norm in matrix theory, the force Jacobian matrix was introduced into the statics performance evaluation index to define the statics performance evaluation index and the global torque performance evaluation index and to plot the performance atlas of the statics performance evaluation index at the work spaces of the robot shoulder joint. Furthermore, the objective optimal function based on the global torque

  4. Influence of Sandwich-Type Constrained Layer Damper Design Parameters on Damping Strength

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inaki Merideno

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a theoretical study of the parameters that influence sandwich-type constrained layer damper design. Although there are different ways to reduce the noise generated by a railway wheel, most devices are based on the mechanism of increasing wheel damping. Sandwich-type constrained layer dampers can be designed so their resonance frequencies coincide with the wheel’s resonant vibration frequencies, and thus the damping effect can be concentrated within the frequency ranges of interest. However, the influence of design parameters has not yet been studied. Based on a number of numerical simulations, this paper provides recommendations for the design stages of sandwich-type constrained layer dampers.

  5. Weigh in Motion Based on Parameters Optimization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Zhi-feng; CAI Ping; CHEN Ri-xing

    2009-01-01

    Dynamic tire forces are the main factor affecting the measurement accuracy of the axle weight of moving vehicle. This paper presents a novel method to reduce the influence of the dynamic tire forces on the weighing accuracy. On the basis of analyzing the characteristic of the dynamic tire forces, the objective optimization equation is constructed. The optimization algorithm is presented to get the optimal estimations of the objective parameters. According to the estimations of the parameters, the dynamic tire forces are separated from the axle weigh signal. The results of simulation and field experiments prove the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  6. 基于MSP430F149的电力参数检测仪设计%Design of Electric Power Parameters Measuring Device Based on MSP430F149 MCU

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓泽霞; 刘峰; 纪钢

    2011-01-01

    An Electric power parameters measuring device based on MSP430F149 was introduced. The design of hardware circuit and software of the device was introduced. The device has high measurement precision, LCD display, data storage, and RS-485 data interface to communicate with PC. The device has the advantage of simple hardware structure, small size, lower cost, high speed, and easy for operation.%介绍了基于MSP430F149单片机的电力参数检测仪,给出了电力参数检测仪的硬件电路、软件设计方法。该测量仪具有高测量精度、液晶显示、数据存储功能,并带有485数据接口,可以将测得的数据发送到PC机,具有硬件结构简单、体积小、成本低、响应快、使用方便等特点。

  7. 基于MSP430的人体生理参数采集系统设计%Design of Human Physiological Parameter Acquisition System Based on MSP430

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁昌成; 赵治栋; 殷成龙

    2015-01-01

    In view of the increasing aging population and the intention of family health detection equipment and other problems ,the wearable human physiological parameter acquisition system based on MCU MSP 430 is designed.According to the theory of Lambert-Bear,the system exploits the alternate transmission of red and infrared red to measure the pulse blood oxygen , and the negative temperature coefficient thermistor MF 54 is used for the measurement of body temperature .As is shown in the test results , the system has advantages of portability and reliability ,attenuating the risks of the physiological disease efficiently .%针对人口老龄化加剧和家庭健康检测设备紧张等问题,设计了基于MSP430单片机的可穿戴式人体生理参数采集系统。根据Lambert-Beer光吸收定律,利用红光和红外光的交替透射实现脉搏血氧测量,通过负温度系数热敏电阻MF54实现体温测量功能。测试结果表明,生理参数采集系统具有便携、可靠、实时监测的特点,有效地预防生理疾病的发生。

  8. The reliability parameters definition in radioelectronic devices automated designing systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu. F. Zinkovskiy

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The reliability parameters calculating problems for radioelectronic devices determined by thermal modes are considered. It is shown that such calculations should be based on temperature definition methods for separate components of radio engineering device (RED electronic structure. The thermal modes calculating methods for electronic blocks, cells, microassemblies are considered. The analytical models may be used for the average temperatures of cells in the block; the heat exchange equations system is proposed for radio component temperature estimation on the cell plate; the analytical solution is offered for microassembly temperature estimation. The analytical mathematical models for reliability indexes calculations of radio components and whole RED are determined.

  9. 基于分层策略的翼型多参量气动优化设计研究%Research on Multi- parameters Aerodynamic Shape Optimization Design of Airfoil Based on Hierarchical Starategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李鸿岩; 董军

    2012-01-01

    与基于梯度的优化方法相比,遗传算法因其极强的鲁棒性、随机搜索及优化结果全局性等特点在工程优化中得到越来越广泛的应用.为提高优化设计的效率,改进了传统的遗传算法,采用并行分层策略基因遗传算法开展了翼型多参量气动优化设计研究,包括翼型和多段翼型的基因编码、外形参数化,以及动网格技术.结果表明,并行分层策略在得到较优气动优化结果的同时,极大地缩短了优化时间,提高了计算效率,具有广阔的工程应用前景.%Compared with the optimization method based on the gradient theory, genetic algorithm (GA) is more and more widely applied in the field of engineer optimization due to its robustness, randomicity and global optimal performance. In order to improve the efficiency of the optimization design,the traditional GA for multi- parameters aerodynamic shape optimum design of airfoil and multi- element airfoil is improved by using hierarchical parallelization strategy. Genetic coding and shape parameterization are investigated in this paper in combination with mesh moving technical. The results show that hierarchical starat-egy that can dramatically shorten the time for optimization and improve the computational efficiency is efficient and reasonable. So,this method has wide prospects for engineering applications.

  10. 基于J2ME的多参数智能手机监护界面的设计%A Design of Multi-parameter Smartphone Monitoring Interface Based on J2ME

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑义宝; 邵秀稳; 吴效明; 熊冬生

    2009-01-01

    目的:本文采用J2ME技术设计一种穿戴式多参数智能手机监护界面.方法:系统在Wireless Toolkit模拟环境下进行了仿真实验,并结合穿戴式检测技术和GPRS技术实现多生理参数的远程监护.结果:系统可以实时检测心电、心率、血压、体温以及血氧饱和度,具有数据分析、异常报警等功能.最后将参数传至智能手持设备,并能与医疗服务中心站建立远程通信.结论:实验结果表明系统具有移植性强、简单易用、响应速度快等优点.本系统有望实现3G时代下的重大医疗应用并为远程医疗的进一步研究提供基础.%Purpose: This paper introduces a design of wearable multi-parameter emluator experiment smartphone monitoring interface based on J2ME. Methods: The system carries in simulated environment of Wireless Toolkit, and the remote monitoring of multiple physiological parameters is implemented with wearable detecting technology and GPRS. Results: The system can measure real-time data such as ECG, heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature and oxygen saturation, which can also analyse the data automatically and possess warning functions. At last, the system can send parameters to intelligent handheld devices, and can establish communication with medical service center. Conclusions: The experimental result of simulation shows that the system has the excellence of transplantable, simpleness and quick speed of response. It shows that the system is expected to realize the important application of medicine in 3G era and to provide a basis for further research in telemedicine.

  11. Design-based research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reeves, Thomas; McKenney, Susan

    2016-01-01

    Educational design research is a genre of research in which the iterative development of solutions to practical and complex educational problems provides the setting for scientific inquiry. The solutions can be educational products, processes, programs or policies. Educational design research not on

  12. Distortion Parameters Analysis Method Based on Improved Filtering Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ZHANG Shutuan

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In order to realize the accurate distortion parameters test of aircraft power supply system, and satisfy the requirement of corresponding equipment in the aircraft, the novel power parameters test system based on improved filtering algorithm is introduced in this paper. The hardware of the test system has the characters of s portable and high-speed data acquisition and processing, and the software parts utilize the software Labwindows/CVI as exploitation software, and adopt the pre-processing technique and adding filtering algorithm. Compare with the traditional filtering algorithm, the test system adopted improved filtering algorithm can help to increase the test accuracy. The application shows that the test system with improved filtering algorithm can realize the accurate test results, and reach to the design requirements.  

  13. Design based entrepreneurship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Louise Møller; Wikström, Anders; Tollestrup, Christian

    2013-01-01

    Designers are often recognized as natural entrepreneurs, due to their creative skills and competences in the idea-generation and product development processes. A number of studies shows that creative professionals are more likely to become self-employed. In general though, there are not many...... studies on design entrepreneurs, and those who has been made, focus on design entrepreneurs’ lack business competences in administration, marketing and operation, as well as their lack of skills and priority, when it comes to the development of their businesses. This study will nuance this picture...... of the design entrepreneur by building upon a new direction within entrepreneurial research, which focuses on entrepreneurial expertise and logic. At a theoretical level, we will show that there are some overlap between the expert entrepreneurial logic (effectuation) and the ‘designerly ways of knowing...

  14. The Design Of Fiber Optic Sensors For Measuring Hydrodynamic Parameters

    CERN Document Server

    Quiett, C J; Lyons, D R; Quiett, Carramah J.; Lindesay, James V.; Lyons, Donald R.

    2002-01-01

    We present an approximate analytic model that has been developed for examining hydrodynamic flow near the surface of a fiber optic sensor. An analysis of the conservation of momentum, the continuity equation and the Navier-Stokes equation for compressible flow was used to develop expressions for the velocity and the density as a function of the distance along the flow and above a two dimensional flat surface. When examining the flow near the surface, these expressions can be used to estimate the sensitivity required to perform direct optical measurements and to parameterize the shear force for indirect optical measurements. The use of these results allows for direct modeling of sensors using the optical properties of the flow field. Future work includes analyzing the optical parametric design of fiber optic sensors, modeling sensors to utilize those parameters for optimal measurements involving different mixtures of fluid flow.

  15. Performance Studies of Bulk Micromegas of Different Design Parameters

    CERN Document Server

    Bhattacharya, Purba; Majumdar, Nayana; Mukhopadhyay, Supratik; Sarkar, Sandip; Colas, Paul; Attie, David

    2016-01-01

    The present work involves the comparison of various bulk Micromegas detectors having different design parameters. Six detectors with amplification gaps of $64,~128,~192,~220 ~\\mu\\mathrm{m}$ and mesh hole pitch of $63,~78 ~\\mu\\mathrm{m}$ were tested at room temperature and normal gas pressure. Two setups were built to evaluate the effect of the variation of the amplification gap and mesh hole pitch on different detector characteristics. The gain, energy resolution and electron transmission of these Micromegas detectors were measured in Argon-Isobutane (90:10) gas mixture while the measurements of the ion backflow were carried out in P10 gas. These measured characteristics have been compared in detail to the numerical simulations using the Garfield framework that combines packages such as neBEM, Magboltz and Heed.

  16. Parameter estimation and optimal experimental design in flow reactors

    OpenAIRE

    Carraro, Thomas

    2005-01-01

    In this work we present numerical techniques, based on the finite element method, for the simulation of reactive flows in a chemical flow reactor as well as for the identification of the kinetic of the reactions using measurements of observable quantities. We present the case of a real experiment in which the reaction rate is estimated by means of concentration measurements. We introduce methods for the optimal experimental design of experiments in the context of reactive flows modeled by par...

  17. Optimization of design parameters for bulk micromachined silicon membranes for piezoresistive pressure sensing application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belwanshi, Vinod; Topkar, Anita

    2016-05-01

    Finite element analysis study has been carried out to optimize the design parameters for bulk micro-machined silicon membranes for piezoresistive pressure sensing applications. The design is targeted for measurement of pressure up to 200 bar for nuclear reactor applications. The mechanical behavior of bulk micro-machined silicon membranes in terms of deflection and stress generation has been simulated. Based on the simulation results, optimization of the membrane design parameters in terms of length, width and thickness has been carried out. Subsequent to optimization of membrane geometrical parameters, the dimensions and location of the high stress concentration region for implantation of piezoresistors have been obtained for sensing of pressure using piezoresistive sensing technique.

  18. Image Retrieval Based on Fractal Dictionary Parameters

    OpenAIRE

    Yuanyuan Sun; Rudan Xu; Lina Chen; Xiaopeng Hu

    2013-01-01

    Content-based image retrieval is a branch of computer vision. It is important for efficient management of a visual database. In most cases, image retrieval is based on image compression. In this paper, we use a fractal dictionary to encode images. Based on this technique, we propose a set of statistical indices for efficient image retrieval. Experimental results on a database of 416 texture images indicate that the proposed method provides a competitive retrieval rate, compared to the existi...

  19. On the optimal experimental design for heat and moisture parameter estimation

    CERN Document Server

    Berger, Julien; Mendes, Nathan

    2016-01-01

    In the context of estimating material properties of porous walls based on in-site measurements and identification method, this paper presents the concept of Optimal Experiment Design (OED). It aims at searching the best experimental conditions in terms of quantity and position of sensors and boundary conditions imposed to the material. These optimal conditions ensure to provide the maximum accuracy of the identification method and thus the estimated parameters. The search of the OED is done by using the Fisher information matrix and a priori knowledge of the parameters. The methodology is applied for two case studies. The first one deals with purely conductive heat transfer. The concept of optimal experiment design is detailed and verified with 100 inverse problems for different experiment designs. The second case study combines a strong coupling between heat and moisture transfer through a porous building material. The methodology presented is based on a scientific formalism for efficient planning of experim...

  20. UAV Data Link Design with Congestion Control Algorithm based on Energy Consumption Parameters%基于能耗参量的拥塞控制算法无人机数据链设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚小富; 王玉文; 董家志; 张洪

    2014-01-01

    UAV may play an increasingly important role in the future wars. It can deliver the useful enemy information to its own ground control center for its own deployment of careful operation plan. UAV traffic load and energy are two important indexes to determine whether UAV data link system is good or bad. Traf-fic load can be solved by congestion control. In combination with the characteristics of UAV's limited en-ergy, UAV adopts minimum power launch in data sending. In the MAC layer, energy consumption param-eter is introduced and integrated into the congestion control for improving the network performance of UAV data link. With opnet simulation software,and by building up a semi-physical simulation platform, a con-gestion control algorithm based on energy consumption parameters of UAV data link is designed. The simu-lation results show that the algorithm can improve the system throughput and save the energy.%无人机在未来的战争中将扮演着越来越重要的角色。战术无人机能够将对本方有用的敌方信息传递到本方的地面控制中心,以便本方部署周密的作战计划。无人机通信负载和能量是衡量无人机数据链系统性能好坏两个很重要的指标。通信负载的大小可以通过拥塞控制来解决,结合无人机能量有限的特点,无人机发送数据时采用最小功率发射,在MAC层,引入能耗参量,将其融入到拥塞控制中来提高无人机数据链的网络性能。利用opnet仿真软件,搭建半实物仿真平台,设计了基于能耗参量的拥塞控制算法无人机数据链。仿真结果表明此算法能够提高系统吞吐率,并节约了能量。

  1. Decoupling interrelated parameters for designing high performance thermoelectric materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Chong; Li, Zhou; Li, Kun; Huang, Pengcheng; Xie, Yi

    2014-04-15

    synergistically enhanced thermoelectric properties. This occurs through a significant reduction of thermal conductivity, without the deterioration of thermopower and electrical conductivity. In addition, we introduce the concept of spin entropy in wide band gap semiconductor nanocrystals, which acts to fully disentangle the otherwise interconnected quantities for synergistically optimized thermoelectric performance. Finally, we discuss a new concept we developed that is based on an ultrathin-nanosheet composite that we fabricated from ultrathin nanosheets of atomic thickness. These retain the original strong two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) and allow for decoupled optimization of the three thermoelectric parameters, which improves thermoelectric performance.

  2. Decoupling interrelated parameters for designing high performance thermoelectric materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Chong; Li, Zhou; Li, Kun; Huang, Pengcheng; Xie, Yi

    2014-04-15

    synergistically enhanced thermoelectric properties. This occurs through a significant reduction of thermal conductivity, without the deterioration of thermopower and electrical conductivity. In addition, we introduce the concept of spin entropy in wide band gap semiconductor nanocrystals, which acts to fully disentangle the otherwise interconnected quantities for synergistically optimized thermoelectric performance. Finally, we discuss a new concept we developed that is based on an ultrathin-nanosheet composite that we fabricated from ultrathin nanosheets of atomic thickness. These retain the original strong two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) and allow for decoupled optimization of the three thermoelectric parameters, which improves thermoelectric performance. PMID:24517646

  3. Design parameters for carbon nanobottles to absorb and store methane.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Richard K F; Hill, James M

    2011-08-01

    We investigate the internal mechanics for methane storage in a nanobottle, which is assumed to comprise a metallofullerene located inside a carbon nanobottle, which is constructed from a half-fullerene as the base, and two nanotubes which are joined by a nanocone. The interaction potential energy for the metallofullerene is obtained from the 6-12 Lennard-Jones potential and the continuum approximation, which assumes that a discrete atomic structure can be replaced by an average atomic surface density. This potential energy shows that the metallofullerene has two minimum energy positions, which are located close to the neck of the bottle and at the base of the nanobottle, and therefore it may be used as a bottle-stopper to open or to close the nanobottle. At the neck of the bottle, the encapsulated metallofullerene closes the nanobottle, and by applying an external electrical force, the metallofullerene can overcome the energy barrier of the nanotube, and pass from the neck of the nanobottle to the base so that the nanobottle is open. For methane storage, the metallofullerene serves the dual purposes of opening and closing the nanobottle, as well as an attractor for the methane gas. The analytical formulation gives rise to a rapid computational capacity, and enables the direct determination of the optimal dimensions necessary to ensure the correct working function of the nanobottle, and specific ranges for the critical parameters are formulated. PMID:22103096

  4. Activity-based design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Peter Bøgh

    2006-01-01

    and instrumental actions, between human and non-human participants, and between an activity and its spatio-temporal context. The advent of pervasive technologies, where active or passive systems become embedded in our working and living spaces, from where they offer their services to us, puts the need...... and automatic machinery can replace one another in an activity. It also gives an example of how to use the framework for design....

  5. SBML-PET: a Systems Biology Markup Language-based parameter estimation tool

    OpenAIRE

    Zi, Z.; Klipp, E.

    2006-01-01

    The estimation of model parameters from experimental data remains a bottleneck for a major breakthrough in systems biology. We present a Systems Biology Markup Language (SBML) based Parameter Estimation Tool (SBML-PET). The tool is designed to enable parameter estimation for biological models including signaling pathways, gene regulation networks and metabolic pathways. SBML-PET supports import and export of the models in the SBML format. It can estimate the parameters by fitting a variety of...

  6. Parameter Study of the LIFE Engine Nuclear Design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kramer, K J; Meier, W R; Latkowski, J F; Abbott, R P

    2009-07-10

    LLNL is developing the nuclear fusion based Laser Inertial Fusion Energy (LIFE) power plant concept. The baseline design uses a depleted uranium (DU) fission fuel blanket with a flowing molten salt coolant (flibe) that also breeds the tritium needed to sustain the fusion energy source. Indirect drive targets, similar to those that will be demonstrated on the National Ignition Facility (NIF), are ignited at {approx}13 Hz providing a 500 MW fusion source. The DU is in the form of a uranium oxycarbide kernel in modified TRISO-like fuel particles distributed in a carbon matrix forming 2-cm-diameter pebbles. The thermal power is held at 2000 MW by continuously varying the 6Li enrichment in the coolants. There are many options to be considered in the engine design including target yield, U-to-C ratio in the fuel, fission blanket thickness, etc. Here we report results of design variations and compare them in terms of various figures of merit such as time to reach a desired burnup, full-power years of operation, time and maximum burnup at power ramp down and the overall balance of plant utilization.

  7. Optimal Design of Measurement Programs for the Parameter Identification of Dynamic Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkegaard, Poul Henning; Sørensen, John Dalsgaard; Brincker, Rune

    1993-01-01

    The design of a measurement program devoted to parameter identification of structural dynamic systems is considered. The design problem is formulated as an optimization problem to minimize the total expected cost that is the cost of failure and the cost of the measurement program. All the...... calculations are based on a priori knowledge and engineering judgement. One of the contribution of the approach is that the optimal number of sensory can be estimated. This is shown in an numerical example where the proposed approach is demonstrated. The example is concerned with design of a measurement...

  8. Parameters of a Super-B-Factory Design

    CERN Document Server

    Seeman, John; Cai Yun Hai; Ecklund, Stanley; Fox, John; Heifets, Samuel; Li, Nanyang; McIntosh, Peter; Novokhatski, Alexander; Sullivan, Michael K; Teytelman, Dmitry; Wienands, Ulrich

    2005-01-01

    Submitted for the High Luminosity Study Group: Parameters are being studied for a high luminosity e+ Submitted for the High Luminosity Study Group: Parameters are being studied for a high luminosity e+

  9. Irradiation Experiment Conceptual Design Parameters for NBSR Fuel Conversion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It has been proposed to convert the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) research reactor, known as the NBSR, from high-enriched uranium (HEU) fuel to low-Enriched uranium (LEU) fuel. The motivation to convert the NBSR to LEU fuel is to reduce the risk of proliferation of special nuclear material. This report is a compilation of relevant information from recent studies related to the proposed conversion using a metal alloy of LEU with 10 w/o molybdenum. The objective is to inform the design of the mini-plate and full-size-Plate irradiation experiments that are being planned. This report provides relevant dimensions of the fuel elements, and the following parameters at steady state: average and maximum fission rate density and fission density, fuel temperature distribution for the plate with maximum local temperature, and two-dimensional heat flux profiles of fuel plates with high power densities. The latter profiles are given for plates in both the inner and outer core zones and for cores with both fresh and depleted shim arms (reactivity control devices). A summary of the methodology to obtain these results is presented. Fuel element tolerance assumptions and hot channel factors used in the safety analysis are also given.

  10. Irradiation Experiment Conceptual Design Parameters for NBSR Fuel Conversion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, N. R. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Nuclear Science and Technology Dept.; Brown, N. R. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Nuclear Science and Technology Dept.; Baek, J. S [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Nuclear Science and Technology Dept.; Hanson, A. L. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Nuclear Science and Technology Dept.; Cuadra, A. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Nuclear Science and Technology Dept.; Cheng, L. Y. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Nuclear Science and Technology Dept.; Diamond, D. J. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Nuclear Science and Technology Dept.

    2014-04-30

    It has been proposed to convert the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) research reactor, known as the NBSR, from high-enriched uranium (HEU) fuel to low-Enriched uranium (LEU) fuel. The motivation to convert the NBSR to LEU fuel is to reduce the risk of proliferation of special nuclear material. This report is a compilation of relevant information from recent studies related to the proposed conversion using a metal alloy of LEU with 10 w/o molybdenum. The objective is to inform the design of the mini-plate and full-size-Plate irradiation experiments that are being planned. This report provides relevant dimensions of the fuel elements, and the following parameters at steady state: average and maximum fission rate density and fission density, fuel temperature distribution for the plate with maximum local temperature, and two-dimensional heat flux profiles of fuel plates with high power densities. The latter profiles are given for plates in both the inner and outer core zones and for cores with both fresh and depleted shim arms (reactivity control devices). A summary of the methodology to obtain these results is presented. Fuel element tolerance assumptions and hot channel factors used in the safety analysis are also given.

  11. 机会频谱接入系统中基于次用户容量分析的检测参数设计%Detection-parameters Design Based on Capacity Analysis of Secondary Users in OSA Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙君; 朱洪波

    2011-01-01

    该文对认知网络中基于机会频谱接入(OSA)技术的认知用户的信道容量表达式及其检测参数进行了研究.首先讨论了次用户信号干扰噪声比(SINR)的特性,得到存在干扰和不存在干扰两种状况下的SINR的均值表达式,探讨SINR对次用户信道容量的影响,以及次用户的信道容量在OSA方式下的变化.并在此基础上,结合信道统计特性,运用跨层设计思想,设计次用户的发送数据帧长和检测频率.从分析结果可以看出,主用户对授权信道的占用模型影响次用户的SINR,进而影响到次用户检测频率和传输帧长的设计,结果表明从次用户物理层特性和主用户业务特性结合角度设计次用户检测参数的方案,在保证次用户吞吐量要求的同时,降低了主次用户之间的干扰,同时提高了系统对频谱的利用率.%Channel capacities and sensing parameters for Secondary Users (SUs) based on Opportunistic Spectrum Access (OSA) technique are studied in this paper. First, characteristics of the Signal-to-Interference-and-Noise Ratio (SINR) of SUs are discussed, from which the expressions about the average SINR are derived under interference and non-interference cases. Then, the influences of SINR on the channel capacity under OSA mode are discussed. After that, the data frame length and the detection frequency are designed from the cross layer design and stochastic characteristics of fading channels points of view. It can be seen from the analysis that the channel occupancy mode of the Primary Users (PUs) has influence on the SINR of SUs. It also has been proved that the scheme which joins the characteristics on the physical layer with occupancy mode of PUs, can reduce the collision probability between SUs and PUs. Meanwhile, it can improve the frequency efficiency of the system on the condition of meeting the required throughput of SUs.

  12. Colocated MIMO Radar: Beamforming, Waveform design, and Target Parameter Estimation

    KAUST Repository

    Jardak, Seifallah

    2014-04-01

    Thanks to its improved capabilities, the Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) radar is attracting the attention of researchers and practitioners alike. Because it transmits orthogonal or partially correlated waveforms, this emerging technology outperformed the phased array radar by providing better parametric identifiability, achieving higher spatial resolution, and designing complex beampatterns. To avoid jamming and enhance the signal to noise ratio, it is often interesting to maximize the transmitted power in a given region of interest and minimize it elsewhere. This problem is known as the transmit beampattern design and is usually tackled as a two-step process: a transmit covariance matrix is firstly designed by minimizing a convex optimization problem, which is then used to generate practical waveforms. In this work, we propose simple novel methods to generate correlated waveforms using finite alphabet constant and non-constant-envelope symbols. To generate finite alphabet waveforms, the proposed method maps easily generated Gaussian random variables onto the phase-shift-keying, pulse-amplitude, and quadrature-amplitude modulation schemes. For such mapping, the probability density function of Gaussian random variables is divided into M regions, where M is the number of alphabets in the corresponding modulation scheme. By exploiting the mapping function, the relationship between the cross-correlation of Gaussian and finite alphabet symbols is derived. The second part of this thesis covers the topic of target parameter estimation. To determine the reflection coefficient, spatial location, and Doppler shift of a target, maximum likelihood estimation yields the best performance. However, it requires a two dimensional search problem. Therefore, its computational complexity is prohibitively high. So, we proposed a reduced complexity and optimum performance algorithm which allows the two dimensional fast Fourier transform to jointly estimate the spatial location

  13. A Central Composite Face-Centered Design for Parameters Estimation of PEM Fuel Cell Electrochemical Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khaled MAMMAR

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, a new approach based on Experimental of design methodology (DoE is used to estimate the optimal of unknown model parameters proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC. This proposed approach combines the central composite face-centered (CCF and numerical PEMFC electrochemical. Simulation results obtained using electrochemical model help to predict the cell voltage in terms of inlet partial pressures of hydrogen and oxygen, stack temperature, and operating current. The value of the previous model and (CCF design methodology is used for parametric analysis of electrochemical model. Thus it is possible to evaluate the relative importance of each parameter to the simulation accuracy. However this methodology is able to define the exact values of the parameters from the manufacture data. It was tested for the BCS 500-W stack PEM Generator, a stack rated at 500 W, manufactured by American Company BCS Technologies FC.

  14. CASE-BASED CONCEPTUAL DESIGN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ling Weiqing; Yan Junwei; Wang Jian; Xie Youbai

    2004-01-01

    The current method of case-based design (CBD) can be well practiced for configuration design in which design experience knowledge is involved.However, since the design case is confined to a certain application domain, it is difficult for CBD to be applied to conceptual design process that develops concepts to meet design specifications.Firstly, a function factor description space is erected to provide an exhibition room for all functions of design cases.Next, the approach for identifying the space state of function factor in description space is proposed, including the determination of the similarities between function factors of design case.And then a general object-oriented representation for design case is presented by bringing the class of function and in-out flow into the current case representation.Finally, a living example for electro-pet design that illustrates the implementation of the method for case-based conceptual design based on distributed design case repositories is described.

  15. Correlation of Electric Field and Critical Design Parameters for Ferroelectric Tunable Microwave Filters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subramanyam, Guru; VanKeuls, Fred W.; Miranda, Felix A.; Canedy, Chadwick L.; Aggarwal, Sanjeev; Venkatesan, Thirumalai; Ramesh, Ramamoorthy

    2000-01-01

    The correlation of electric field and critical design parameters such as the insertion loss, frequency ability return loss, and bandwidth of conductor/ferroelectric/dielectric microstrip tunable K-band microwave filters is discussed in this work. This work is based primarily on barium strontium titanate (BSTO) ferroelectric thin film based tunable microstrip filters for room temperature applications. Two new parameters which we believe will simplify the evaluation of ferroelectric thin films for tunable microwave filters, are defined. The first of these, called the sensitivity parameter, is defined as the incremental change in center frequency with incremental change in maximum applied electric field (EPEAK) in the filter. The other, the loss parameter, is defined as the incremental or decremental change in insertion loss of the filter with incremental change in maximum applied electric field. At room temperature, the Au/BSTO/LAO microstrip filters exhibited a sensitivity parameter value between 15 and 5 MHz/cm/kV. The loss parameter varied for different bias configurations used for electrically tuning the filter. The loss parameter varied from 0.05 to 0.01 dB/cm/kV at room temperature.

  16. Muscle parameters estimation based on biplanar radiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubois, G; Rouch, P; Bonneau, D; Gennisson, J L; Skalli, W

    2016-11-01

    The evaluation of muscle and joint forces in vivo is still a challenge. Musculo-Skeletal (musculo-skeletal) models are used to compute forces based on movement analysis. Most of them are built from a scaled-generic model based on cadaver measurements, which provides a low level of personalization, or from Magnetic Resonance Images, which provide a personalized model in lying position. This study proposed an original two steps method to access a subject-specific musculo-skeletal model in 30 min, which is based solely on biplanar X-Rays. First, the subject-specific 3D geometry of bones and skin envelopes were reconstructed from biplanar X-Rays radiography. Then, 2200 corresponding control points were identified between a reference model and the subject-specific X-Rays model. Finally, the shape of 21 lower limb muscles was estimated using a non-linear transformation between the control points in order to fit the muscle shape of the reference model to the X-Rays model. Twelfth musculo-skeletal models were reconstructed and compared to their reference. The muscle volume was not accurately estimated with a standard deviation (SD) ranging from 10 to 68%. However, this method provided an accurate estimation the muscle line of action with a SD of the length difference lower than 2% and a positioning error lower than 20 mm. The moment arm was also well estimated with SD lower than 15% for most muscle, which was significantly better than scaled-generic model for most muscle. This method open the way to a quick modeling method for gait analysis based on biplanar radiography. PMID:27082150

  17. GIS-Based Hydrogeological-Parameter Modeling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    A regression model is proposed to relate the variation of water well depth with topographic properties (area and slope), the variation of hydraulic conductivity and vertical decay factor. The implementation of this model in GIS environment (ARC/TNFO) based on known water data and DEM is used to estimate the variation of hydraulic conductivity and decay factor of different lithoiogy units in watershed context.

  18. Parameter Optimization Based on GA and HFSS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Shu-hui; WANG Bing-zhong

    2005-01-01

    A new project based on genetic algorithm (GA) and high frequency simulation software (HFSS) is proposed to optimize microwave passive devices effectively. This project is realized with a general program named as optimization program. The program is compiled by Matlab and the macro language of HFSS which is a fast and effective way to accomplish tasks. In the paper, two examples are used to show the project's feasibility.

  19. Trend analysis and comparison of basic parameters for tunnel blast design models

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Khalili Soroush; Yavary Mehdi; Ebrahimabadi Arash

    2015-01-01

    One of the most important factors influencing on a tunnel blast efficiency is the proper design of blasting pattern. Among blasting parameters, blasthole diameter and tunnel face area are more significant so that any change in these parameters could finally affect on specific charge and specific drilling. There are mainly two groups of methods for tunnel blast design categorized based on the parallel cuts and angular cuts. In this research, a software for tunnel blast design was developed to analyze the effect and sensi-tiveness of blasthole diameter and the tunnel face area on blasting results in different blast design mod-els. Using the software, it is quickly possible to determine specific charge, specific drilling and number of blastholes for each blast design model. The relations between both of blasthole diameters and the tunnel face area with the above parameters in different blast design models were then investigated to yield a set of equations with the highest correlations to compare the methods. The results showed that angular method requires more blasthole numbers than parallel method in similar condition (blasthole diameter and tunnel face area). Moreover, the specific charge values yielded by the two methods are approximately the same and very close together.

  20. Intelligent, Robust Control of Deteriorated Turbofan Engines via Linear Parameter Varying Quadratic Lyapunov Function Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turso, James A.; Litt, Jonathan S.

    2004-01-01

    A method for accommodating engine deterioration via a scheduled Linear Parameter Varying Quadratic Lyapunov Function (LPVQLF)-Based controller is presented. The LPVQLF design methodology provides a means for developing unconditionally stable, robust control of Linear Parameter Varying (LPV) systems. The controller is scheduled on the Engine Deterioration Index, a function of estimated parameters that relate to engine health, and is computed using a multilayer feedforward neural network. Acceptable thrust response and tight control of exhaust gas temperature (EGT) is accomplished by adjusting the performance weights on these parameters for different levels of engine degradation. Nonlinear simulations demonstrate that the controller achieves specified performance objectives while being robust to engine deterioration as well as engine-to-engine variations.

  1. Method of designing developable surface based on engineering requirement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Ji-xin; LIU Zhe; LIU Jian

    2006-01-01

    The paper deals with the principle of envelope of a one-parameter plane family to design developable surfaces. Three methods of designing developable surfaces are presented. They are designing a developable surface based on one curve on it and its normal line, designing a developable surface based on two curves on it and designing a developable surface based on one curve and one surface. They meet the requirements of engineering fields.

  2. Parameter identification of a full-car model for active suspension design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Guidaa

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: A method for identifying parameters of a full-car model for active suspension designDesign/methodology/approach: The method is based on ERA/OKID identification procedure developed by Juang [1].Findings: Numerical results show a good agreement with real system parameters.Research limitations/implications: Results show that this method works well only with a high signal-to-noise ratio.Practical implications: This method can be used as an aid to active suspension design.Originality/value: This procedure has been tested on the full-car model of suspension system in two cases: a full-state measurements; b not full-state measurements.

  3. Optimization-based particle filter for state and parameter estimation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Fu; Qi Fei; Shi Guangming; Zhang Li

    2009-01-01

    In recent years, the theory of particle filter has been developed and widely used for state and parameter estimation in nonlinear/non-Gaussian systems. Choosing good importance density is a critical issue in particle filter design. In order to improve the approximation of posterior distribution, this paper provides an optimization-based algorithm (the steepest descent method) to generate the proposal distribution and then sample particles from the distribution. This algorithm is applied in 1-D case, and the simulation results show that the proposed particle filter performs better than the extended Kalman filter (EKF), the standard particle filter (PF), the extended Kalman particle filter (PF-EKF) and the unscented particle filter (UPF) both in efficiency and in estimation precision.

  4. Parameters optimization on DHSVM model based on a genetic algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Changqing YAO; Zhifeng YANG

    2009-01-01

    Due to the multiplicity of factors including weather, the underlying surface and human activities, the complexity of parameter optimization for a distributed hydrological model of a watershed land surface goes far beyond the capability of traditional optimization methods. The genetic algorithm is a new attempt to find a solution to this problem. A genetic algorithm design on the Distributed-Hydrology-Soil-Vegetation model (DHSVM) parameter optimization is illustrated in this paper by defining the encoding method, designing the fitness value function, devising the genetic operators, selecting the arithmetic parameters and identifying the arithmetic termination conditions. Finally, a case study of the optimization method is implemented on the Lushi Watershed of the Yellow River Basin and achieves satisfactory results of parameter estimation. The result shows that the genetic algorithm is feasible in optimizing parameters of the DHSVM model.

  5. Design of Safety Parameter Monitoring Function in a Research Reactor Facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The primary purpose of the safety parameter monitoring system (SPDS) is to help operating personnel in the control room make quick assessments of the plant safety status. Thus, the basic function of the SPDS is a provision of a continuous indication of plant parameters or derived variables representative of the safety status of the plant. NUREG-0737 Supplement 1 provides details of the functional criteria for the SPDS, as one of the action plan requirements from TMI accident. The system provides various functions as follows: · Alerting based on safety function decision logics, · Success path analysis to achieve the integrity of the safety functions, · 3 layer display architecture - safety function, success path display for each safety function, system summary and equipment details for each safety function, · Integration with computer-based procedure. According to a Notice of the NSSC No. 2012-31, a research reactor facility generating more than 2 MW of power should also be furnished with the SPDS for emergency preparedness. Generally, a research reactor is a small size facility, and its number of instrumentations is fewer than that of NPPs. In particular, it is actually hard to have various and powerful functions from an economic perspective. Therefore, a safety parameter display system optimized for a research reactor facility must be proposed. This paper provides the requirement analysis results and proposes the design of safety parameter monitoring function for a research reactor. The safety parameter monitoring function supporting control room personnel during emergency conditions should be designed in a research reactor facility. The facility size and number of signals are smaller than that of the power plants. Also, it is actually hard to have various and powerful functions of nuclear power plants from an economic perspective. Thus, a safety parameter display system optimized to a research reactor must be proposed. First, we found important design items

  6. Optimal Parameter Design of Coarse Alignment for Fiber Optic Gyro Inertial Navigation System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Baofeng; Wang, Qiuying; Yu, Chunmei; Gao, Wei

    2015-01-01

    Two different coarse alignment algorithms for Fiber Optic Gyro (FOG) Inertial Navigation System (INS) based on inertial reference frame are discussed in this paper. Both of them are based on gravity vector integration, therefore, the performance of these algorithms is determined by integration time. In previous works, integration time is selected by experience. In order to give a criterion for the selection process, and make the selection of the integration time more accurate, optimal parameter design of these algorithms for FOG INS is performed in this paper. The design process is accomplished based on the analysis of the error characteristics of these two coarse alignment algorithms. Moreover, this analysis and optimal parameter design allow us to make an adequate selection of the most accurate algorithm for FOG INS according to the actual operational conditions. The analysis and simulation results show that the parameter provided by this work is the optimal value, and indicate that in different operational conditions, the coarse alignment algorithms adopted for FOG INS are different in order to achieve better performance. Lastly, the experiment results validate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm. PMID:26121614

  7. Evidence-based playground design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Refshauge, Anne Dahl; Stigsdotter, Ulrika K.; Lamm, Bettina;

    2015-01-01

    This paper develops, explores and evaluates an evidence-based approach to playground design, with a public park playground (playlab Cph) in Copenhagen as a case study. In the increasingly urbanised world, park playgrounds are valuable places that support healthy child development by providing...... opportunities for play, nature exploration and sensory stimulation. As it is increasingly expected that designers base their decisions on research evidence, there is a need to develop approaches to facilitate this, which also applies to playground design. The design of PlayLab Cph was based on relevant evidence......, best practice, and the theories of Affordances and Behaviour Settings. A post-occupancy evaluation was carried out through a questionnaire survey and observation studies, which revealed that a majority of the potential evidence-based affordances were actualised, and that the application of the theories...

  8. 基于工况的纯电动大型客车复合电源参数匹配设计%A New Design Method of Dual-power Parameter Fitting for Electrical Vehicle Based on Driving Cycles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡春花; 何仁; 蒋洪; 王润才; 俞剑波

    2013-01-01

    A parameter match method was developed to match dual-power composed by battery packs and ultracapacitor packs parameters based on typical driving cycles for electrical vehicle. First, parameter of power battery packs was matched originally according to driving distance. Second, parameter of ultracapacitor packs was matched according to configuration of power battery pack. Finally, three constraint conditions of ultracapacitors were presented to optimize dual-power parameters according to maximum required power from four typical driving cycles, energy requirement and voltage requirement.%  为更好匹配由动力电池和超级电容器组成的复合电源参数,提出一种基于纯电动大型客车典型工况下的参数匹配方法。首先,根据车辆续驶里程设计要求初步配置动力电池组参数;其次,由动力电池组参数配置超级电容器组参数;最后,根据4种典型工况中最大需求功率和车辆运行中需求能量、功率要求和电压要求,提出匹配超级电容器组的3个约束条件以优化复合电源参数。

  9. Flight dynamics modeling of a small ducted fan aerial vehicle based on parameter identification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Zhengjie; Liu Zhijun; Fan Ningjun; Guo Meifang

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a simple and useful modeling method to acquire a dynamics model of an aerial vehicle containing unknown parameters using mechanism modeling, and then to design different identification experiments to identify the parameters based on the sources and features of its unknown parameters. Based on the mathematical model of the aerial vehicle acquired by modeling and identification, a design for the structural parameters of the attitude control system is carried out, and the results of the attitude control flaps are verified by simulation experiments and flight tests of the aerial vehicle. Results of the mathematical simulation and flight tests show that the mathematical model acquired using parameter identification is comparatively accurate and of clear mechanics, and can be used as the reference and basis for the structural design.

  10. LMI–based robust controller design approach in aircraft multidisciplinary design optimization problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qinghua Zeng

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes a linear matrix inequality–based robust controller design approach to implement the synchronous design of aircraft control discipline and other disciplines, in which the variation in design parameters is treated as equivalent perturbations. Considering the complicated mapping relationships between the coefficient arrays of aircraft motion model and the aircraft design parameters, the robust controller designed is directly based on the variation in these coefficient arrays so conservative that the multidisciplinary design optimization problem would be too difficult to solve, or even if there is a solution, the robustness of design result is generally poor. Therefore, this article derives the uncertainty model of disciplinary design parameters based on response surface approximation, converts the design problem of the robust controller into a problem of solving a standard linear matrix inequality, and theoretically gives a less conservative design method of the robust controller which is based on the variation in design parameters. Furthermore, the concurrent subspace approach is applied to the multidisciplinary system with this kind of robust controller in the design loop. A multidisciplinary design optimization of a tailless aircraft as example is shown that control discipline can be synchronous optimal design with other discipline, especially this method will greatly reduce the calculated amount of multidisciplinary design optimization and make multidisciplinary design optimization results more robustness of flight performance.

  11. GA based CNC turning center exploitation process parameters optimization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. Car

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents machining parameters (turning process optimization based on the use of artificial intelligence. To obtain greater efficiency and productivity of the machine tool, optimal cutting parameters have to be obtained. In order to find optimal cutting parameters, the genetic algorithm (GA has been used as an optimal solution finder. Optimization has to yield minimum machining time and minimum production cost, while considering technological and material constrains.

  12. The combined effects of cover design parameters on tomato production of a passive greenhouse

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vanthoor, B.H.E.; Stanghellini, C.; Henten, van E.; Gazquez, J.C.

    2008-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the need of a multiple design parameter approach to greenhouse design. To illustrate this need, we determined the combined effects of cover design parameters on tomato production of a passive greenhouse, that is a greenhouse with only natural ventilation

  13. Numerical study of effect of operating and design parameters for design of steam reforming reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A numerical study on the design of a steam reforming reactor consisting of several reforming tubes and one burner is conducted with respect to various operating and design parameters such as GHSV (gas hourly space velocity), input heat capacity, catalyst layer length, and number of tubes. The calculation of the reforming reaction rate is coupled with a three-dimensional heat and mass transfer calculation. It is shown that a large temperature gradient exists in the reforming reactor, resulting in significant variation of the gas temperature and reaction rate along the reforming tube. The reduction of the catalyst layer length induces a decrease in H2 (hydrogen) concentration as well as pressure loss. An increased number of tubes leads to better system efficiency owing to the enhanced heat transfer to the reforming tube. Consequently, to improve the system efficiency and reduce the pressure loss, an increase in heat transfer area and decrease in catalyst layer length should be essential design considerations. - Highlights: • A numerical study for the design on a steam reforming reactor is investigated. • The gas concentrations change significantly with variations in the GHSV and input heat capacity. • The reduction of the catalyst layer length induces a decrease in H2 concentration as well as pressure loss. • An increased number of tubes leads to better system efficiency owing to the enhanced heat transfer to reforming tube

  14. Hydro-pneumatic suspension parameters dynamical optimization design based on ride comfort%基于平顺性的油气悬架参数动态分析与优化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡祥文; 谷正气; 李伟平; 梁小波; 彭国谱

    2011-01-01

    以提高汽车行驶平顺性为目的,对油气悬架系统参数进行优化.建立油气悬架系统的二自由度1/4车辆数学模型.基于数学模型,在Matlab/Simulink软件中利用模块组合的方法建立仿真模型,并构建以车身垂直方向的加权加速度均方根值为目标函数的优化模型.优化算法采用遗传算法,通过编程将仿真模型、优化模型结合起来,实现Simulink、遗传算法对油气悬架系统参数的动态联合优化设计.利用该方法对某矿用自卸车前油气悬架设计阶段的结构参数进行优化,仿真结果表明:由该方法确定的油气悬架结构参数使车身垂直方向的加权加速度均方根值下降29.35%,加速度功率谱密度共振峰值降低23.6%,从而明显改善了汽车的行驶平顺性,同时也为其他类型的非线性悬架系统的动态优化设计提供了借鉴.%To improve vehicle ride comfort, hydro-pneumatic suspension system parameters were optimized.Mathematic model of a 2-DOF quarter-car model with hydro-pneumatic suspension system was established and then,the simulation model was developed by means of combination modules of Simulink, and optimal design model uses the root mean square value of body vertical acceleration as the objective function.Optimization using genetic algorithms, by programming the simulation model combined optimization model,and the optimal hydro-pneumatic suspension parameters were obtained after the combined optimization design between Simulink and Genetic Algorithm (GA).The structural parameters of front hydro-pneumatic of a mining dump truck were optimized during design stage using this method, the simulation results show that:the root mean square value of body vertical acceleration was brought down by 29.35% ,power spectral density of body vertical acceleration was decreased by 23.6% ,so the vehicle ride comfort can be significantly improved, which also provided references for the dynamic optimization design of

  15. Reliability Based Ship Structural Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dogliani, M.; Østergaard, C.; Parmentier, G.;

    1996-01-01

    This paper deals with the development of different methods that allow the reliability-based design of ship structures to be transferred from the area of research to the systematic application in current design. It summarises the achievements of a three-year collaborative research project dealing...... with developments of models of load effects and of structural collapse adopted in reliability formulations which aim at calibrating partial safety factors for ship structural design. New probabilistic models of still-water load effects are developed both for tankers and for containerships. New results are presented...... structure of several tankers and containerships. The results of the reliability analysis were the basis for the definition of a target safety level which was used to asses the partial safety factors suitable for in a new design rules format to be adopted in modern ship structural design. Finally...

  16. A topographic parameter inversion method based on laser altimetry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG ChunMing; ZHANG ShaoDong; CHEN Xi

    2012-01-01

    A topographic parameter inversion method based on laser altimetry is developed in this paper,which can be used to deduce the surface vertical profile and retrieve the topographic parameters within the laser footprints by analyzing and simulating return waveforms.This method comprises three steps.The first step is to build the numerical models for the whole measuring procedure of laser altimetry,construct digital elevation models for surfaces with different topographic parameters,and calculate return waveforms.The second step is to analyze the simulated return waveforms to obtain their characteristics parameters,summarize the effects of the topographic parameter variations on the characteristic parameters of simulated return waveforms,and analyze the observed return waveforms of laser altimeters to acquire their characteristic parameters at the same time.The last step is to match the characteristic parameters of the simulated and observed return waveforms,and deduce the topographic parameters within the laser footprint.This method can be used to retrieve the topographic parameters within the laser footprint from the observed return waveforms of spaceborne laser altimeters and to get knowledge about the surface altitude distribution within the laser footprint other than only getting the height of the surface encountered firstly by the laser beam,which extends laser altimeters' function and makes them more like radars.

  17. Optimization-Based Layout Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Abdel-Malek

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The layout problem is of importance to ergonomists, vehicle/cockpit packaging engineers, designers of manufacturing assembly lines, designers concerned with the placement of levers, knobs, controls, etc. in the reachable workspace of a human, and also to users of digital human modeling code, where digital prototyping has become a valuable tool. This paper proposes a hybrid optimization method (gradient-based optimization and simulated annealing to obtain the layout design. We implemented the proposed algorithm for a project at Oral-B Laboratories, where a manufacturing cell involves an operator who handles three objects, some with the left hand, others with the right hand.

  18. Reusing Design Knowledge Based on Design Cases and Knowledge Map

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Cheng; Liu, Zheng; Wang, Haobai; Shen, Jiaoqi

    2013-01-01

    Design knowledge was reused for innovative design work to support designers with product design knowledge and help designers who lack rich experiences to improve their design capacity and efficiency. First, based on the ontological model of product design knowledge constructed by taxonomy, implicit and explicit knowledge was extracted from some…

  19. 基于乘法器的模拟电路参数测量系统的设计与实现%Design of measurement system for the analog circuits parameters based on the multiplier

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王永喜; 胡玫; 马胜前

    2012-01-01

    针对现有模拟电路参数测量方法复杂、测量结果精度低的缺点,构建了基于乘法器的模拟电路参数测量系统.系统中由信号源产生2路正交同频正弦模拟信号,取出一路信号通过待测模拟电路与原信号源产生的2路信号做乘法、滤波处理,产生两路直流信号,之后通过DAQ、LABVIEW采集,得到模拟电路相位差和幅度.经测量,幅度和相位的误差均小于3%,表明该系统具有电路简单、易于实现、误差小、运算速度快等优点,为模拟电路参数测量的研究提出一种可行性方案.%For the more complicated principle and the lower accuracy for the existing methods of the measurement of the analog circuits' parameters) a measurement system for the analog circuits' parameters based on the multiplier is put forward. The signal source generates two orthogonal sinusoidal analog signals with same frequency and takes a signal through the analog circuits. Then the multiplication and filtering are completed with the two DC signals. At last the phase and amplitude of the analog circuit are obtained through the DAQ and LABVIEW. The amplitude and phase errors are less than 3%. The results show that the system has many advantages of simple circuit, fast speed and high accuracy. So it is a feasible plan for the measurement system of the analog circuit parameters at present.

  20. Rethinking design parameters in the search for optimal dynamic seating.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pynt, Jennifer

    2015-04-01

    Dynamic seating design purports to lessen damage incurred during sedentary occupations by increasing sitter movement while modifying muscle activity. Dynamic sitting is currently defined by O'Sullivan et al. ( 2013a) as relating to 'the increased motion in sitting which is facilitated by the use of specific chairs or equipment' (p. 628). Yet the evidence is conflicting that dynamic seating creates variation in the sitter's lumbar posture or muscle activity with the overall consensus being that current dynamic seating design fails to fulfill its goals. Research is needed to determine if a new generation of chairs requiring active sitter involvement fulfills the goals of dynamic seating and aids cardio/metabolic health. This paper summarises the pursuit of knowledge regarding optimal seated spinal posture and seating design. Four new forms of dynamic seating encouraging active sitting are discussed. These are 1) The Core-flex with a split seatpan to facilitate a walking action while seated 2) the Duo balans requiring body action to create rocking 3) the Back App and 4) Locus pedestal stools both using the sitter's legs to drive movement. Unsubstantiated claims made by the designers of these new forms of dynamic seating are outlined. Avenues of research are suggested to validate designer claims and investigate whether these designs fulfill the goals of dynamic seating and assist cardio/metabolic health. Should these claims be efficacious then a new definition of dynamic sitting is suggested; 'Sitting in which the action is provided by the sitter, while the dynamic mechanism of the chair accommodates that action'. PMID:25892386

  1. 基于正交设计的风力机翼型尾缘襟翼参数分析%Parameter Analysis on Wind Turbine Airfoil With Trailing Edge Flap Based on Orthogonal Design Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李传峰; 徐宇; 宋娟娟; 赵晓路; 徐建中

    2012-01-01

    引入试验中正交设计的思想,通过数值模拟研究了风力机翼型尾缘襟翼不同参数的影响。采用带有转捩模型的SSTk—u湍流模型模拟了基于S809的尾缘襟翼的尺寸、偏斜角度和形状的影响。结果表明:尾缘襟翼尺寸、偏斜角度对于翼型相关气动参数影响较大,在考查参数范围内折中采用10%弦长、偏斜10°的尾缘襟翼综合性能较好;尾缘襟翼形状函数影响相对较小,采用变化较平缓的尾缘襟翼有利于保持流动稳定性。%Introducing the orthogonal experimental design method, influences of different parameters such as the size, angle and shape, on the wind turbine airfoil S809 with a trailing edge flap are studied using SST k - w turbulence model with a transition model. The results indicate that the flap size and angle have big influences on aerodynamic properties of wind turbine airfoil. Among the studied parameters, the flap with 10% chord length and 10° flap angle obtains better performances. The shape of the flap has relatively smaller influences, but it makes for a stable flowfield using a mildly changing flap shape.

  2. Parameter tuning of PVD process based on artificial intelligence technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norlina, M. S.; Diyana, M. S. Nor; Mazidah, P.; Rusop, M.

    2016-07-01

    In this study, an artificial intelligence technique is proposed to be implemented in the parameter tuning of a PVD process. Due to its previous adaptation in similar optimization problems, genetic algorithm (GA) is selected to optimize the parameter tuning of the RF magnetron sputtering process. The most optimized parameter combination obtained from GA's optimization result is expected to produce the desirable zinc oxide (ZnO) thin film from the sputtering process. The parameters involved in this study were RF power, deposition time and substrate temperature. The algorithm was tested to optimize the 25 datasets of parameter combinations. The results from the computational experiment were then compared with the actual result from the laboratory experiment. Based on the comparison, GA had shown that the algorithm was reliable to optimize the parameter combination before the parameter tuning could be done to the RF magnetron sputtering machine. In order to verify the result of GA, the algorithm was also been compared to other well known optimization algorithms, which were, particle swarm optimization (PSO) and gravitational search algorithm (GSA). The results had shown that GA was reliable in solving this RF magnetron sputtering process parameter tuning problem. GA had shown better accuracy in the optimization based on the fitness evaluation.

  3. Parameter design of a liquid-filled sloshing system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhong Shun; Chen Yu-Shu

    2012-01-01

    The nonlinear governing equations of the liqnid sloshing modals in a cylindrical storage tank are established.Through analytical analysis,the analytical expressions of the solutions of this kind of system are obtained.With different parameters,the dynamical behaviors of the solutions are different from the trivial ones.To prevent system instability,two selection principles that the stiffness equations are positive-definite and the nonlinear terms of the system are not regenerative elements are given.Meanwhile,numerical simulations are also given,which confirm the analytical results.

  4. Design Parameters for Evaluating Light Settings and Light Atmosphere in Hospital Wards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stidsen, Lone; Kirkegaard, Poul Henning; Fisker, Anna Marie

    2010-01-01

    support patients’ experience or maybe even have a positive influence on the recovery process. Thus at a general level, it is a crucial task to investigate how aspects such as the design of the environment, arts, lights, sounds can support and improve the patients’ recovery rate and the satisfaction...... of staff and guests in the future hospital. This paper is based on Böhmes G. concept of atmosphere dealing with the effect of light in experiencing atmosphere, and the importance having a holistic approach when designing a pleasurable light atmosphere. It shows important design parameters for pleasurable...... light atmosphere in hospital wards and specific present a proposal for evaluating light atmosphere in the dynamic light settings for hospital wards....

  5. The Structural Design, Simulation Analysis and Parameter Optimization of the Cheetah Robot's Lumbar Vertebrae

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LUO Qing-sheng; KE Zhi-fang; ZHANG Bo-xi; LIU Fang-zheng

    2013-01-01

    The quality of skeleton system for the cheetah robot goes hand in hand with its bionic result of its shape, structure and functions. In view of the skeleton system constitution and structural characteristic of the cheetah, the team applied structure design, stimulation analysis and parameter optimization to developing the cheetah robot. In addition, after the invention of cheetah robot’s anterior lumbar vertebra based on its functional attribute and connectivity attribute, the Solidworks Simulation was utilized to analyze the design, according to which improvement on the lumbar vertebra was made. Plus, the advantages of the CAD and CAE made the high efficiency of design work and high quality of the cheetah robot possible.

  6. DISPLACEMENT BASED SEISMIC DESIGN CRITERIA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    HOFMAYER,C.H.

    1999-03-29

    The USNRC has initiated a project to determine if any of the likely revisions to traditional earthquake engineering practice are relevant to seismic design of the specialized structures, systems and components of nuclear power plants and of such significance to suggest that a change in design practice might be warranted. As part of the initial phase of this study, a literature survey was conducted on the recent changes in seismic design codes/standards, on-going activities of code-writing organizations/communities, and published documents on displacement-based design methods. This paper provides a summary of recent changes in building codes and on-going activities for future codes. It also discusses some technical issues for further consideration.

  7. Displacement Based Seismic Design Criteria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Costello, J.F.; Hofmayer, C.; Park, Y.J.

    1999-03-29

    The USNRC has initiated a project to determine if any of the likely revisions to traditional earthquake engineering practice are relevant to seismic design of the specialized structures, systems and components of nuclear power plants and of such significance to suggest that a change in design practice might be warranted. As part of the initial phase of this study, a literature survey was conducted on the recent changes in seismic design codes/standards, on-going activities of code-writing organizations/communities, and published documents on displacement-based design methods. This paper provides a summary of recent changes in building codes and on-going activities for future codes. It also discusses some technical issues for further consideration.

  8. A Computer Code For Evaluation of Design Parameters of Concrete Piercing Earth Shock Missile Warhead

    OpenAIRE

    Roy, P. K.; K. Ramarao

    1985-01-01

    A simple and reliable computer code has been devised for evaluating various design parameters, and predicting the penetration performance of concrete piercing earth shock missile-warhead and will be useful to the designers of earth penetrating weapon system.

  9. A Method for Designing CDO Conformed to Investment Parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakae, Tatsuya; Moritsu, Toshiyuki; Komoda, Norihisa

    We propose a method for designing CDO (Collateralized Debt Obligation) that meets investor needs about attributes of CDO. It is demonstrated that adjusting attributes (that are credit capability and issue amount) of CDO to investors' preferences causes a capital loss risk that the agent takes. We formulate a CDO optimization problem by defining an objective function using the above risk and by setting constraints that arise from investor needs and a risk premium that is paid for the agent. Our prototype experiment, in which fictitious underlying obligations and investor needs are given, verifies that CDOs can be designed without opportunity loss and dead stock loss, and that the capital loss is not more than thousandth part of the amount of annual payment under guarantee for small and midium-sized enterprises by a general credit guarantee institution.

  10. Atlas based kinematic optimum design of the Stewart parallel manipulator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shao, Zhufeng; Tang, Xiaoqiang; Wang, Liping; Sun, Dengfeng

    2015-01-01

    Optimum design is a key approach to make full use of potential advantages of a parallel manipulator. The optimum design of multi-parameter parallel manipulators(more than three design parameters), such as Stewart manipulator, relies on analysis based and algorithm based optimum design methods, which fall to be accurate or intuitive. To solve this problem and achieve both accurate and intuition, atlas based optimum design of a general Stewart parallel manipulator is established, with rational selection of design parameters. Based on the defined spherical usable workspace(SUW), primary kinematic performance indices of the Stewart manipulator, involving workspace and condition number are introduced and analyzed. Then, corresponding performance atlases are drawn with the established non-dimensional design space, and impact of joint distribution angles on the manipulator performance is analyzed and illustrated. At last, an example on atlas based optimum design of the Stewart manipulator is accomplished to illustrate the optimum design process, considering the end-effector posture. Deduced atlases can be flexibly applied to both quantitative and qualitative analysis to get the desired optimal design for the Stewart manipulator with respect to related performance requirements. Besides, the established optimum design method can be further applied to other multi-parameter parallel manipulators.

  11. Atlas Based Kinematic Optimum Design of the Stewart Parallel Manipulator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHAO Zhufeng; TANG Xiaoqiang; WANG Liping; SUN Dengfeng

    2015-01-01

    Optimum design is a key approach to make full use of potential advantages of a parallel manipulator. The optimum design of multi-parameter parallel manipulators(more than three design parameters), such as Stewart manipulator, relies on analysis based and algorithm based optimum design methods, which fall to be accurate or intuitive. To solve this problem and achieve both accurate and intuition, atlas based optimum design of a general Stewart parallel manipulator is established, with rational selection of design parameters. Based on the defined spherical usable workspace(SUW), primary kinematic performance indices of the Stewart manipulator, involving workspace and condition number are introduced and analyzed. Then, corresponding performance atlases are drawn with the established non-dimensional design space, and impact of joint distribution angles on the manipulator performance is analyzed and illustrated. At last, an example on atlas based optimum design of the Stewart manipulator is accomplished to illustrate the optimum design process, considering the end-effector posture. Deduced atlases can be flexibly applied to both quantitative and qualitative analysis to get the desired optimal design for the Stewart manipulator with respect to related performance requirements. Besides, the established optimum design method can be further applied to other multi-parameter parallel manipulators.

  12. Photoacoustic design parameter optimization for deep tissue imaging by numerical simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhaohui; Ha, Seunghan; Kim, Kang

    2012-02-01

    A new design of light illumination scheme for deep tissue photoacoustic (PA) imaging, a light catcher, is proposed and evaluated by in silico simulation. Finite element (FE)-based numerical simulation model was developed for photoacoustic (PA) imaging in soft tissues. In this in silico simulation using a commercially available FE simulation package (COMSOL MultiphysicsTM, COMSOL Inc., USA), a short-pulsed laser point source (pulse length of 5 ns) was placed in water on the tissue surface. Overall, four sets of simulation models were integrated together to describe the physical principles of PA imaging. Light energy transmission through background tissues from the laser source to the target tissue or contrast agent was described by diffusion equation. The absorption of light energy and its conversion to heat by target tissue or contrast agent was modeled using bio-heat equation. The heat then causes the stress and strain change, and the resulting displacement of the target surface produces acoustic pressure. The created wide-band acoustic pressure will propagate through background tissues to the ultrasound detector, which is governed by acoustic wave equation. Both optical and acoustical parameters in soft tissues such as scattering, absorption, and attenuation are incorporated in tissue models. PA imaging performance with different design parameters of the laser source and energy delivery scheme was investigated. The laser light illumination into the deep tissues can be significantly improved by up to 134.8% increase of fluence rate by introducing a designed compact light catcher with highly reflecting inner surface surrounding the light source. The optimized parameters through this simulation will guide the design of PA system for deep tissue imaging, and help to form the base protocols of experimental evaluations in vitro and in vivo.

  13. Design Optimization of Structural Parameters for Highly Sensitive Photonic Crystal Label-Free Biosensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yun-ah Han

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The effects of structural design parameters on the performance of nano-replicated photonic crystal (PC label-free biosensors were examined by the analysis of simulated reflection spectra of PC structures. The grating pitch, duty, scaled grating height and scaled TiO2 layer thickness were selected as the design factors to optimize the PC structure. The peak wavelength value (PWV, full width at half maximum of the peak, figure of merit for the bulk and surface sensitivities, and surface/bulk sensitivity ratio were also selected as the responses to optimize the PC label-free biosensor performance. A parametric study showed that the grating pitch was the dominant factor for PWV, and that it had low interaction effects with other scaled design factors. Therefore, we can isolate the effect of grating pitch using scaled design factors. For the design of PC-label free biosensor, one should consider that: (1 the PWV can be measured by the reflection peak measurement instruments, (2 the grating pitch and duty can be manufactured using conventional lithography systems, and (3 the optimum design is less sensitive to the grating height and TiO2 layer thickness variations in the fabrication process. In this paper, we suggested a design guide for highly sensitive PC biosensor in which one select the grating pitch and duty based on the limitations of the lithography and measurement system, and conduct a multi objective optimization of the grating height and TiO2 layer thickness for maximizing performance and minimizing the influence of parameter variation. Through multi-objective optimization of a PC structure with a fixed grating height of 550 nm and a duty of 50%, we obtained a surface FOM of 66.18 RIU−1 and an S/B ratio of 34.8%, with a grating height of 117 nm and TiO2 height of 210 nm.

  14. 基于PSO-GACA的采煤机螺旋滚筒参数优化设计%Parameter optimization design of screw drum for drum shearer based on PSO-GACA algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓豁; 穆永成; 石宁; 唐仁鹏; 姚天宇

    2012-01-01

    In order to improve coal loading performance, increasing the lump rate of a drum shearer and enhancing its coal production economic benefits, parameters of the outer edge diameter of the blade, inside and outside spiral rising angles, drum rotating speeds and dragging velocity were used as design variables, the largest coal loading productivity and coal price highest were chosen as optimal objective and various geometric constraint and performance constraint were set for optimization design of a screw drum of a shear. Particle swarm optimization algorithm and ant colony algorithm hybrid optimization (PSO-GACA algorithm) were used to solve this optimization design. The optimized results indicate that the productivity of loading coal can be increase by 14. 5% , the lump coal rate increases by 13. 2% , coal price can be enhanced by 0. 75% when the screw drum is not jammed and the casting distance of lump coal is reasonable.%为了改善滚筒采煤机的装煤性能、增加采煤机的块煤率、提高其产煤经济效益,以叶片外缘直径、内、外螺旋升角、滚筒转速和采煤机牵引速度为设计变量,选择装煤生产率最大和吨煤售价最高作为目标函数,建立了各种几何约束及性能约束,采用粒子群算法和蚁群算法的混合算法(PSO-GACA算法)对螺旋滚筒的参数进行优化设计.结果表明,在保证滚筒不发生堵塞、抛煤距离合理等条件下,优化后的采煤机装煤生产率提高14.5%,块煤率增加13.2%,吨煤售价可提高0.75%.

  15. Predication of Crane Condition Parameters Based on SVM and AR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiuzhong, Xu; Xiong, Hu; Congxiao, Zhou

    2011-07-01

    Through statistic analysis of vibration signals of motor on the container crane hoisting mechanism in a port, the feature vectors with vibration are obtained. Through data preprocessing and training data, Training models of condition parameters based on support vector machine (SVM) are established. The testing data of condition monitoring parameters can be predicted by the training models. During training the models, the penalty parameter and kernel function of model are optimized by cross validation. In order to analysis the accurate of SVM model, autoregressive model is used to predict the trend of vibration. The research showed the predicted results of model using SVM are better than the results by autoregressive (AR) modeling.

  16. Diagnostics of gas turbines based on changes in thermodynamics parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hocko Marián

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is focused on solving the problems of determining the true state of gas turbine based on measured changes in thermodynamic parameters. Dependence between the real individual parts for gas turbines and changing the thermodynamic parameters were experimentally verified and confirmed on a small jet engine MPM-20 in the laboratory of the Department of Aviation Engineering at Technical University in Košice. The results of experiments confirm that the wear and tear of basic parts for gas turbines (turbo-compressor engines to effect the change of thermodynamic parameters of the engine.

  17. 3D Motion Parameters Determination Based on Binocular Sequence Images

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Exactly capturing three dimensional (3D) motion information of an object is an essential and important task in computer vision, and is also one of the most difficult problems. In this paper, a binocular vision system and a method for determining 3D motion parameters of an object from binocular sequence images are introduced. The main steps include camera calibration, the matching of motion and stereo images, 3D feature point correspondences and resolving the motion parameters. Finally, the experimental results of acquiring the motion parameters of the objects with uniform velocity and acceleration in the straight line based on the real binocular sequence images by the mentioned method are presented.

  18. Diagnostics of gas turbines based on changes in thermodynamics parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hocko, Marián; Klimko, Marek

    2016-03-01

    This article is focused on solving the problems of determining the true state of gas turbine based on measured changes in thermodynamic parameters. Dependence between the real individual parts for gas turbines and changing the thermodynamic parameters were experimentally verified and confirmed on a small jet engine MPM-20 in the laboratory of the Department of Aviation Engineering at Technical University in Košice. The results of experiments confirm that the wear and tear of basic parts for gas turbines (turbo-compressor engines) to effect the change of thermodynamic parameters of the engine.

  19. Parameter optimization for tandemregenerative system based on critical path

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    For a tandem queue system, the regenerative path is constructed. In an inter-regeneration cycle, the sensitivity value of performance measure with respect to the adjustable parameter θ can be acquired based on a fixed length of observation. Furthermore, a new algorithm of parameter optimization for the tandem queue system is given,which requires less simulation and no analysis for the perturbation transmission and makes a better estimation for the sen sitivity.

  20. Design of Geometry Parameters Measure System Based on Data Fitting for Bullet Train's Profile%基于数据融合的动车外廓尺寸检测系统的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈皓; 赵转萍; 黄齐敏

    2013-01-01

    在现有的大尺寸测量方法基础上,根据机车检测的实际需求,提出了一种融合多种传感器数据的扫描式三坐标测量体系.系统在龙门架做直线平移时,采用一维激光测距传感器、二维水平仪、光纤应变力传感器和相应的数据采集技术依次测出车体各横截面的三坐标和测量误差源数据,设计了一种车体轮廓测量的误差补偿方法并建立相应的数学模型,然后将测得的各截面数据拟合成三维实体,最终求得所需尺寸和几何量参数,实现对机车车体主要结构尺寸的高精度、智能化测量.%Based on the existing large size measure method, it analyzes the actual situation of locomotive,develops a data matching scan type three-dimensional measure system using various sensors.When the gantry is linearly moving,the system gets the three dimension parameters of each cross section with corresponding data acquisition technology by using laser distance sensors,two dimension gradienters and strain force fiber sensors,makes out an error compensation scheme and corresponding mathematical model,establishes the mathematical modal,matches all cross sections to be a complete three-dimensional-entity and finally calculates the necessary profile geometry parameters.This system realizes the measurement with high precision and intelligent.

  1. 基于并行和变参数的混沌hash函数的构造与性能分析%Design and performance analysis of parallel chaos-based hash function with changeable parameter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯艳茹; 李艳涛; 肖迪

    2011-01-01

    提出了一种基于可并行和变参数的混沌分段线性映射hash函数算法.该函数通过明文扩展将并行处理的明文消息矩阵元素信息关联起来,实现了并行性.由矩阵元素位置标号决定的可变参数和矩阵元素相应的ASCⅡ码值分别作为混沌分段线性映射的输入参数和迭代次数来生成相应明文的中间hash值.最终的128bit的hash值由中间hash值的异或而得到.计算机模拟表明,本算法具有较好的单向性、混乱、扩散性以及抗碰撞性,满足单向hash函数的各项性能要求.%This paper proposed a parallel chaos-based Hash function construction with changeable parameter. Implemented the parallelism of the hash function by message expansion which associated elements in plain message matrix. Generated the intermediate hash values by iterating chaotic piecewise linear map with changeable parameter decided by the position index of elements of message matrix and corresponding ASCII code values of elements of message matrix as the iteration times of the map. Obtained the final 128-bit hash value by logical XOR operation on intermediate hash values. Simulation results indicate that the algorithm has characteristics of one way, confusion and diffusivity, and collision-resistance, and it can satisfy various performance requirements of hash function.

  2. MEMS 3-DoF gyroscope design, modeling and simulation through equivalent circuit lumped parameter model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mian, Muhammad Umer, E-mail: umermian@gmail.com; Khir, M. H. Md.; Tang, T. B. [Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Tronoh, Perak (Malaysia); Dennis, John Ojur [Department of Fundamental & Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Tronoh, Perak (Malaysia); Riaz, Kashif; Iqbal, Abid [Faculty of Electronics Engineering, GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology, Topi, Khyber Pakhtunkhaw (Pakistan); Bazaz, Shafaat A. [Department of Computer Science, Center for Advance Studies in Engineering, Islamabad (Pakistan)

    2015-07-22

    Pre-fabrication, behavioural and performance analysis with computer aided design (CAD) tools is a common and fabrication cost effective practice. In light of this we present a simulation methodology for a dual-mass oscillator based 3 Degree of Freedom (3-DoF) MEMS gyroscope. 3-DoF Gyroscope is modeled through lumped parameter models using equivalent circuit elements. These equivalent circuits consist of elementary components which are counterpart of their respective mechanical components, used to design and fabricate 3-DoF MEMS gyroscope. Complete designing of equivalent circuit model, mathematical modeling and simulation are being presented in this paper. Behaviors of the equivalent lumped models derived for the proposed device design are simulated in MEMSPRO T-SPICE software. Simulations are carried out with the design specifications following design rules of the MetalMUMPS fabrication process. Drive mass resonant frequencies simulated by this technique are 1.59 kHz and 2.05 kHz respectively, which are close to the resonant frequencies found by the analytical formulation of the gyroscope. The lumped equivalent circuit modeling technique proved to be a time efficient modeling technique for the analysis of complex MEMS devices like 3-DoF gyroscopes. The technique proves to be an alternative approach to the complex and time consuming couple field analysis Finite Element Analysis (FEA) previously used.

  3. MEMS 3-DoF gyroscope design, modeling and simulation through equivalent circuit lumped parameter model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pre-fabrication, behavioural and performance analysis with computer aided design (CAD) tools is a common and fabrication cost effective practice. In light of this we present a simulation methodology for a dual-mass oscillator based 3 Degree of Freedom (3-DoF) MEMS gyroscope. 3-DoF Gyroscope is modeled through lumped parameter models using equivalent circuit elements. These equivalent circuits consist of elementary components which are counterpart of their respective mechanical components, used to design and fabricate 3-DoF MEMS gyroscope. Complete designing of equivalent circuit model, mathematical modeling and simulation are being presented in this paper. Behaviors of the equivalent lumped models derived for the proposed device design are simulated in MEMSPRO T-SPICE software. Simulations are carried out with the design specifications following design rules of the MetalMUMPS fabrication process. Drive mass resonant frequencies simulated by this technique are 1.59 kHz and 2.05 kHz respectively, which are close to the resonant frequencies found by the analytical formulation of the gyroscope. The lumped equivalent circuit modeling technique proved to be a time efficient modeling technique for the analysis of complex MEMS devices like 3-DoF gyroscopes. The technique proves to be an alternative approach to the complex and time consuming couple field analysis Finite Element Analysis (FEA) previously used

  4. Performance based parameters as generators in digital architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Mads Dines; Knudstrup, Mary-Ann

    2009-01-01

    because of the high energy use buildings have. It calls for a rethinking of our approach to architecture and for an implementation architectural and technical demands from the beginning of the design process. The term generating in relation to this article is focused on algorithms and parametric......This paper revolves around the discussion about sustainable architecture; the parameters related to it and how these parameters can be used in relation to generate architecture where the energy consumption during operation is in focus. A topic which is of interest in today's architectural world...

  5. Influence of design parameters on occurence of oil whirl

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogrodnik, P. J.; Goodwin, M. J.; Penny, J. E. T.

    1985-01-01

    Oil whirl instability is a serious problem in oil lubricated journal bearings. The phenomenon is characterized by a subsynchronous vibration of the journal within the bush and is particularly apparent in turbogenerators, aeroengines and electric motors. A review is presented of previous papers on the subject of oil whirl, and a simple theory is described which was used to aid the design of an oil whirl test rig. Predictions of the onset of oil whirl made by the theory presented were found to agree with those of previous researchers. They showed that increasing the shaft flexibility, or the lubricant viscosity, and decreasing the bearing radial clearance tended to reduce the oil whirl onset speed thus making the system more unstable.

  6. On the design of experimental separation processes for maximum accuracy in the estimation of their parameters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The optimal design of experimental separation processes for maximum accuracy in the estimation of process parameters is discussed. The sensitivity factor correlates the inaccuracy of the analytical methods with the inaccuracy of the estimation of the enrichment ratio. It is minimized according to the design parameters of the experiment and the characteristics of the analytical method

  7. Multi-parameter Sensitivity Analysis and Application Research in the Robust Optimization Design for Complex Nonlinear System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MA Tao; ZHANG Weigang; ZHANG Yang; TANG Ting

    2015-01-01

    The current research of complex nonlinear system robust optimization mainly focuses on the features of design parameters, such as probability density functions, boundary conditions, etc. After parameters study, high-dimensional curve or robust control design is used to find an accurate robust solution. However, there may exist complex interaction between parameters and practical engineering system. With the increase of the number of parameters, it is getting hard to determine high-dimensional curves and robust control methods, thus it’s difficult to get the robust design solutions. In this paper, a method of global sensitivity analysis based on divided variables in groups is proposed. By making relevant variables in one group and keeping each other independent among sets of variables, global sensitivity analysis is conducted in grouped variables and the importance of parameters is evaluated by calculating the contribution value of each parameter to the total variance of system response. By ranking the importance of input parameters, relatively important parameters are chosen to conduct robust design analysis of the system. By applying this method to the robust optimization design of a real complex nonlinear system-a vehicle occupant restraint system with multi-parameter, good solution is gained and the response variance of the objective function is reduced to 0.01, which indicates that the robustness of the occupant restraint system is improved in a great degree and the method is effective and valuable for the robust design of complex nonlinear system. This research proposes a new method which can be used to obtain solutions for complex nonlinear system robust design.

  8. Cyclotides : Tuning Parameters Toward Their Use in Drug Design

    OpenAIRE

    Yeshak, Mariamawit Yonathan

    2012-01-01

    Cyclotides are plant proteins with a unique topology, defined as the cyclic cystine knot motif. The motif endows cyclotides with exceptional chemical and biological stability. They also exhibit a wide range of biological activities including insecticidal, cytotoxic, anti-HIV and antimicrobial effects. Hence, cyclotides have become potential candidates in the development of peptide-based drugs; either as scaffolds to stabilize susceptible peptide sequences or as drugs by their own right. In th...

  9. Soft piezoresistive sensor model and characterization with varying design parameters

    OpenAIRE

    Firouzeh, Amir; Foba Amon-Junior, Antoine; Paik, Jamie

    2015-01-01

    Recent robots target safety, reconfigurability and interactivity by addressing the “softness” of the hardware either by endowing additional degrees-of-freedom or through inherent compliancy. These robots require distributed sensing with flexibility and softness that would not interfere with the robot's agility. There have been various sensing solutions using soft conductive materials including conductive silicone, liquid metal-filled micro-channels, and conductive-ink based sensors. However, ...

  10. 基于污泥固体通量法的二次沉淀池设计参数%Design Parameters of Secondary Sedimentation Tank Based on Sludge Solid Flux Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童飞; 顾萍; 娄卫红; 王志伟; 马金星

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of solid flux theory, the design parameters of secondary sedimentation tank was studied in this article. It is shown that sediment process includes sedimentary deposit stage, transitory stage and compression stage during the measurement. Sludge sedimentation rate is quite fit with Vesilind equation (νd=9.74e-13964c,R2=0.839 4). Critical solid flux is achieved when MLSS is 5.50 g/L. By stepwise of Matlab, it is shown apparent concentration efficiency is not affected by the flow distribution ratio, but notably affected by the influent sludge concentration and influent flow rate.%该文基于污泥同体通量法对二沉池设计参数进行研究.结果表明:沉淀过程随测定时间延长先后经历成层阶段、过渡阶段及压缩阶段,污泥沉降速率对Vesilind方程具有很好的拟合特性(vd=9.74e-1 394AC,R2=0.839 4).当污泥浓度(MLSS)=5.50 g/L时达到临界同体通量.经Matlab逐步回归分析,流量分配比(θ)对表观浓缩效率影响不显著,进泥浓度及进泥流量对表观浓缩效率具有极显著影响.

  11. Analysis of the Design Parameters of SO2 Conversion Process Based on the SCILAB%基于S CIL AB的S O2转化工艺的设计参数分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙昊; 杨庆伟; 王芃

    2014-01-01

    硫酸是化学工业重要的产品之一,是化学工业的基础原材料。近年来,随着工艺设计和国产化方面逐渐走向成熟,磺化技术已成为精细有机合成工艺中的重要单元反应。为对工业硫酸生产工艺中的SO2转化工序,建立热力学计算模型。利用开源计算软件S CIL A B实现矩阵运算与图形显示。依据所得到的结果,合理选择反应温度,预期转化率,及催化剂使用量等操作参数,以达到能量优化与经济优化的目的。%Sulfuric acid is one of the important products of chemical industry and is the basic raw material of chemical industry .In recent years ,with the maturity of the process design and localization , sulfonated technology has become an important element in the reaction process of fine organic synthesis . In order to build a thermodynamic calculation model for the SO2 conversion process in the production process of industrial sulfuric acid .To achieve the matrix calculation and graphic display by using the open source computer software SCILAB .According to the achieved result ,choose the appropriate reac-tion temperature ,the expected conversion rate and the amount of catalyst and other operating parame-ters ,in order to achieve the goal of energy optimization and economic optimization .

  12. Optimal design of the mechanism parameters of the crusher based on the minimum eigenvalue%基于最小特性值的破碎机机构参数优化设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄大明; 蒋顺梅; 李兆军

    2011-01-01

    The design of the crusher mechanism parameters is the key to determine product quality.This paper chooses the PE600 × 900 jaw crusher which is used extensively and produced in large quantity as the research object. By establishing an optimization mathematical model with the minimum traveling eigenvalue of moving jaw as the objective function, making use of the sequential quadratic programming (SQP) algorithm of MATLAB optimal toolbox and adopting the way directly calling fmincon function, an optimal solution of the crusher mechanism parameters under constraint condition was obtained. The result of optimization shows that the output traveling eigenvalue of crusher is 2.47, 21. 84% lower than the original. While the vertical travel is reduced from 56.80 mm to 55.24 mm, the horizontal travel is increased from 17.99 mm to 22.36 mm. Kinematic characteristics of the mechanism are significantly improved. The calculated results show that the production capacity is raised from 49.59 m3/h to 55.04 m3/h, an increase of 18.11% , and the transmission angle meets the requirements ranging from 45° to 55 °. Although the optimal crank offset is reduced slightly to 18.5 mm, the necessary horizontal travel breaking material is not affected, the material can be fully broken, and both of the resistance torque on the crank and the power consumption of crusher is reduced. By using MATLAB optimization toolbox and the sequential quadratic programming in optional design, nonlinear optimization problem can be resolved the computational efficiency and accuracy can be increased. Since the programming workload of SQP is smaller, the number of variables in optimization design can be increased to achieve more accurate optimization sizes of mechanism parameters.%破碎机机构尺寸参数的设计是决定产品性能的关键.本文选择了量大面广的PE600×900鄂式破碎机为研究对象,通过建立以动颚行程特性值最小为目标函数的优化数

  13. Structural modelling and control design under incomplete parameter information: The maximum-entropy approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyland, D. C.

    1983-01-01

    A stochastic structural control model is described. In contrast to the customary deterministic model, the stochastic minimum data/maximum entropy model directly incorporates the least possible a priori parameter information. The approach is to adopt this model as the basic design model, thus incorporating the effects of parameter uncertainty at a fundamental level, and design mean-square optimal controls (that is, choose the control law to minimize the average of a quadratic performance index over the parameter ensemble).

  14. Parameter design and optimization of tight-lattice rod bundles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thin rod bundles with tight lattice are arranged according to the equilateral triangle grid, as the proportion of fuel is large, and the power density of core is high. Based on the analysis of the performance of core, the ABV-6M reactor is taken as the example, and two objective functions, power density and flow rate of coolant are proposed for optimization calculation. Diameter and pitch of rod are optimized by using GA method respectively. The results, which are considered to be safety in security checking, show that tight lattice is effective for improving the power density and other performances of the reactor core. (author)

  15. Model-based software design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iscoe, Neil; Liu, Zheng-Yang; Feng, Guohui; Yenne, Britt; Vansickle, Larry; Ballantyne, Michael

    1992-01-01

    Domain-specific knowledge is required to create specifications, generate code, and understand existing systems. Our approach to automating software design is based on instantiating an application domain model with industry-specific knowledge and then using that model to achieve the operational goals of specification elicitation and verification, reverse engineering, and code generation. Although many different specification models can be created from any particular domain model, each specification model is consistent and correct with respect to the domain model.

  16. Identifiability of altimetry-based rating curve parameters in function of river morphological parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paris, Adrien; André Garambois, Pierre; Calmant, Stéphane; Paiva, Rodrigo; Walter, Collischonn; Santos da Silva, Joecila; Medeiros Moreira, Daniel; Bonnet, Marie-Paule; Seyler, Frédérique; Monnier, Jérôme

    2016-04-01

    Estimating river discharge for ungauged river reaches from satellite measurements is not straightforward given the nonlinearity of flow behavior with respect to measurable and non measurable hydraulic parameters. As a matter of facts, current satellite datasets do not give access to key parameters such as river bed topography and roughness. A unique set of almost one thousand altimetry-based rating curves was built by fit of ENVISAT and Jason-2 water stages with discharges obtained from the MGB-IPH rainfall-runoff model in the Amazon basin. These rated discharges were successfully validated towards simulated discharges (Ens = 0.70) and in-situ discharges (Ens = 0.71) and are not mission-dependent. The rating curve writes Q = a(Z-Z0)b*sqrt(S), with Z the water surface elevation and S its slope gained from satellite altimetry, a and b power law coefficient and exponent and Z0 the river bed elevation such as Q(Z0) = 0. For several river reaches in the Amazon basin where ADCP measurements are available, the Z0 values are fairly well validated with a relative error lower than 10%. The present contribution aims at relating the identifiability and the physical meaning of a, b and Z0given various hydraulic and geomorphologic conditions. Synthetic river bathymetries sampling a wide range of rivers and inflow discharges are used to perform twin experiments. A shallow water model is run for generating synthetic satellite observations, and then rating curve parameters are determined for each river section thanks to a MCMC algorithm. Thanks to twin experiments, it is shown that rating curve formulation with water surface slope, i.e. closer from Manning equation form, improves parameter identifiability. The compensation between parameters is limited, especially for reaches with little water surface variability. Rating curve parameters are analyzed for riffle and pools for small to large rivers, different river slopes and cross section shapes. It is shown that the river bed

  17. 基于完全电压补偿法的SMES用于抑制电压暂降的参数设计%Parameters Design of the SMES for Suppressing Voltage Sag Based on Complete Voltage Compensation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋旭东; 向铁元

    2011-01-01

    Voltage Sag is one of the most serious power quality problems,which happens frequently and always causes big economic loss.SMES can adjust the input and output power in four quadrants,which combines the superconducting magnet with the power electronic converter.So the SMES can restrain voltage sag quickly.However,because of the stability of superconducting magnetic(SM),there is a limit for the current in the SM.This paper studies the initial parameters of the SMES,which correspond to the minimum energy,when using SMES to restrain voltage sag by the complete voltage compensation method.This paper proposes the initial parameters choosing rules based on the characteristic of the SM.And then,the time-domain simulation models are established by using the software PSCAD/EMTDC to verify the rationality and utility of the proposed rules.%电压暂降是动态电能质量问题中发生频率最高、影响程度最严重,同时造成经济损失最大的一类问题。超导磁储能系统(SMES)利用超导磁体的高效储能特性以及现代电力电子装置,能够快速地实现功率的四象限调节,从而有效地抑制电压暂降。由于超导磁体的稳定性问题,超导线圈中的电流不能超过其允许的临界电流,因此,本文研究在采用完全电压补偿法抑制电压暂降时,超导磁体中最少初始储能所对应的参数设计。本文根据超导磁体以及电压暂降的特性,较为详细地提出参数设计规则,并通过PSCAD/EMTDC进行全时域的SMES抑制电压暂降的仿真,验证参数设计规则的合理性和实用性。

  18. Conceptual Design Parameters for HFIR LEU U-Mo Fuel Conversion Experimental Irradiations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Renfro, David G [ORNL; Cook, David Howard [ORNL; Chandler, David [ORNL; Ilas, Germina [ORNL; Jain, Prashant K [ORNL

    2013-03-01

    The High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) is a versatile research reactor that is operated at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The HFIR core is loaded with high-enriched uranium (HEU) and operates at a power level of 85 MW. The primary scientific missions of the HFIR include cold and thermal neutron scattering, materials irradiation, and isotope production. An engineering design study of the conversion of the HFIR from HEU to low-enriched uranium (LEU) fuel is ongoing at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The LEU fuel considered is based on a uranium-molybdenum alloy that is 10 percent by weight molybdenum (U-10Mo) with a 235U enrichment of 19.75 wt %. The LEU core design discussed in this report is based on the design documented in ORNL/TM-2010/318. Much of the data reported in Sections 1 and 2 of this document was derived from or taken directly out of ORNL/TM-2010/318. The purpose of this report is to document the design parameters for and the anticipated normal operating conditions of the conceptual HFIR LEU fuel to aid in developing requirements for HFIR irradiation experiments.

  19. Parameter optimization of pharmacokinetics based on artificial immune network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Li; ZHOU Shao-dan; LU Hong-wen; XIE Fen; XU Wen-bo

    2008-01-01

    A new method for parameter optimization of pharmacokinetics based on an artificial immune network named PKAIN is proposed.To improve local searching ability of the artificial immune network,a partition-based concurrent simplex mutation is developed.By means of evolution of network cells in the PKAIN artificial immune network,an optimal set of parameters of a given pharmacokinetic model is obtained.The Laplace transform is applied to the pharmacokinetic difierential equations of remifentanil and its major metabolite,remifentanil acid.The PKAIN method is used to optimize parameters of the derived compartment models.Experimental results show that the twocompartment model is sufficient for the pharmacokinetic study of remifentanil acid for patients with mild degree of renal impairment.

  20. Chaotic Synchronization of Two Electrical Coupled Neurons with Unknown Parameters Based on Adaptive Control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xing-Yuan; REN Xiao-Li

    2011-01-01

    @@ Chaotic synchronization of two electrical coupled FitzHugh-Nagumo(FHN) neurons with unknown parameters via adaptive control is investigated.Based on the Lyapunov stability theory,an adaptive controller and a parameter update law are designed,which can achieve the synchronization of the two gap junction coupled FHN neurons when the individual neuron is chaotic,without considering the coupling strength.Moreover,the unknown parameters are identified successfully and the controller is robust to the random noise.The numerical simulation results confirm the effectiveness of the designed controller.%Chaotic synchronization of two electrical coupled FitzHugh-Nagumo (FHN) neurons with unknown parameters via adaptive control is investigated. Based on the Lyapunov stability theory, an adaptive controller and a parameter update law are designed, which can achieve the synchronization of the two gap junction coupled FHN neurons when the individual neuron is chaotic, without considering the coupling strength. Moreover, the unknown parameters are identified successfully and the controller is robust to the random noise. The numerical simulation results confirm the effectiveness of the designed controller.

  1. 基于神经网络的BOD参数软测量仪表的设计%Design of soft measurement instrument for BOD parameters based on neural network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔俊飞; 郭楠; 韩红桂

    2013-01-01

    在污水处理过程中,BOD(生化需氧量)是评价水质好坏和处理效果的关键参数之一。由于其涉及很多复杂的生化反应过程,因此长期以来 BOD 的测量都存在着很多问题,具体表现在:国际通用的标准检测方法测量滞后性较大,快速检测方法测量成本过高且测量不准确。针对这些问题,在此结合神经网络软测量技术,设计了一种软硬件结合的水质参数软测量仪表,实现对水质参数 BOD 的快速检测。仪表硬件部分包括 PH(酸碱度)、ORP(氧化还原电位)、DO(溶解氧)、温度的检测设备,软件部分是神经网络软测量软件。仪表的创新性在于将硬件检测和神经网络软测量相结合设计出了1套切实可用的软测量仪表,仪表实现快速在线检测和在线调整,可以适用于不同的污水处理系统。经实践验证表明该软测量仪表可以实现 BOD 的快速精确软测量,解决现有的BOD测量仪表测量耗时过长,仪器昂贵等缺陷,具有广阔的应用前景。%BOD (biochemical oxygen demand) is one of the key parameters in evaluating water quality and sewage effect. Measuring BOD is very difficult because it involves many complex biochemical reaction process. Specific evidence is that international standard test method of measuring BOD has big hysteresis. Besides the instrument would be too expansive and the results might not be precise if we want to make it faster. To solve these problems, using Neural network soft measurement technology, an instrument which combines software and hardware has been devised to measure water quality parameters of BOD rapidly. The hardware in instrument involves devices detecting PH, ORP, DO and temperature. The neural network has been used in the software. Innovation of the Instrument lies in combining hardware detection and neural network soft measurement to design a set of practical and available soft measuring instrument. This soft

  2. Parameter Identification and Synchronization of Uncertain Chaotic Systems Based on Sliding Mode Observer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li-lian Huang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The synchronization of nonlinear uncertain chaotic systems is investigated. We propose a sliding mode state observer scheme which combines the sliding mode control with observer theory and apply it into the uncertain chaotic system with unknown parameters and bounded interference. Based on Lyapunov stability theory, the constraints of synchronization and proof are given. This method not only can realize the synchronization of chaotic systems, but also identify the unknown parameters and obtain the correct parameter estimation. Otherwise, the synchronization of chaotic systems with unknown parameters and bounded external disturbances is robust by the design of the sliding surface. Finally, numerical simulations on Liu chaotic system with unknown parameters and disturbances are carried out. Simulation results show that this synchronization and parameter identification has been totally achieved and the effectiveness is verified very well.

  3. VDMOSFET Model Parameter Extraction Based on Electrical and Optical Measurements

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Salame, C.-T.; Rizk, C.; Jelian, G.

    2001-01-01

    Lateral Device parameters for VDMOSFET (Vertical double diffused metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor) with hexagonal cells has been extracted by an original model based on electrical and optical measurements. Using microscopic observation for the ship of the device and by C-V character

  4. 基于FAN9612的交错BCM PFC关键参数设计%Design of key parameters of interleaved BCM PFC based on FAN9612

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡郑华; 朱忠尼; 危文杰; 柏斌

    2014-01-01

    In order to further improve the performance of power factor correction (PFC) controller, this paper describes the principles of single-phase dual interleaved parallel Boost PFC working in the boundary-conduction mode (BCM), next, designs the related parameters of power-limited circuit and compensation network of dual parallel interleaved BCM PFC implemented by using FAN9612 controller chip in detail, and finally sets up an experimental prototype, tests the relative waveforms and analyzes the experimental results .The results indicates that the advantages of zero-current turning-on of power switch device and zero-current turning-off of diodes with no reverse recovery current and etc. are kept, and reduce further the input ripples, thus lowering the requirements for EMI filters in this paper.%为了进一步提高功率因数校正(PFC)控制器的性能,首先叙述了工作于临界导通模式(BCM)下的单相双重交错并联型Boost PFC的原理;然后对基于FAN9612控制芯片实现双重并联交错BCM PFC的功率限制电路和补偿网络相关参数进行了详细的设计;最后搭建了400 W实验样机,测试了相关波形,对实验结果进行了分析。实验结果表明,通过临界导通控制模式与双重并联交错拓扑相结合,保持了功率开关管零流开通、二极管零流关断无反向恢复电流等优点,并进一步减小了输入纹波,降低了对电磁干扰(EMI)滤波器的要求。

  5. Design Process Optimization Based on Design Process Gene Mapping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Bo; TONG Shu-rong

    2011-01-01

    The idea of genetic engineering is introduced into the area of product design to improve the design efficiency. A method towards design process optimization based on the design process gene is proposed through analyzing the correlation between the design process gene and characteristics of the design process. The concept of the design process gene is analyzed and categorized into five categories that are the task specification gene, the concept design gene, the overall design gene, the detailed design gene and the processing design gene in the light of five design phases. The elements and their interactions involved in each kind of design process gene signprocess gene mapping is drawn with its structure disclosed based on its function that process gene.

  6. DISPLACEMENT BASED SEISMIC DESIGN METHODS.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    HOFMAYER,C.MILLER,C.WANG,Y.COSTELLO,J.

    2003-07-15

    A research effort was undertaken to determine the need for any changes to USNRC's seismic regulatory practice to reflect the move, in the earthquake engineering community, toward using expected displacement rather than force (or stress) as the basis for assessing design adequacy. The research explored the extent to which displacement based seismic design methods, such as given in FEMA 273, could be useful for reviewing nuclear power stations. Two structures common to nuclear power plants were chosen to compare the results of the analysis models used. The first structure is a four-story frame structure with shear walls providing the primary lateral load system, referred herein as the shear wall model. The second structure is the turbine building of the Diablo Canyon nuclear power plant. The models were analyzed using both displacement based (pushover) analysis and nonlinear dynamic analysis. In addition, for the shear wall model an elastic analysis with ductility factors applied was also performed. The objectives of the work were to compare the results between the analyses, and to develop insights regarding the work that would be needed before the displacement based analysis methodology could be considered applicable to facilities licensed by the NRC. A summary of the research results, which were published in NUREGICR-6719 in July 2001, is presented in this paper.

  7. Support vector classification algorithm based on variable parameter linear programming

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao Jianhua; Lin Jian

    2007-01-01

    To solve the problems of SVM in dealing with large sample size and asymmetric distributed samples, a support vector classification algorithm based on variable parameter linear programming is proposed.In the proposed algorithm, linear programming is employed to solve the optimization problem of classification to decrease the computation time and to reduce its complexity when compared with the original model.The adjusted punishment parameter greatly reduced the classification error resulting from asymmetric distributed samples and the detailed procedure of the proposed algorithm is given.An experiment is conducted to verify whether the proposed algorithm is suitable for asymmetric distributed samples.

  8. Response-Based Estimation of Sea State Parameters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Ulrik Dam

    2007-01-01

    Reliable estimation of the on-site sea state parameters is essential to decision support systems for safe navigation of ships. The sea state parameters can be estimated by Bayesian Modelling which uses complex-valued frequency response functions (FRF) to estimate the wave spectrum on the basis...... of measured ship responses. It is therefore interesting to investigate how the filtering aspect, introduced by FRF, affects the final outcome of the estimation procedures. The paper contains a study based on numerical generated time series, and the study shows that filtering has an influence...

  9. Synchronous Generator Model Parameter Estimation Based on Noisy Dynamic Waveforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berhausen, Sebastian; Paszek, Stefan

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, there have occurred system failures in many power systems all over the world. They have resulted in a lack of power supply to a large number of recipients. To minimize the risk of occurrence of power failures, it is necessary to perform multivariate investigations, including simulations, of power system operating conditions. To conduct reliable simulations, the current base of parameters of the models of generating units, containing the models of synchronous generators, is necessary. In the paper, there is presented a method for parameter estimation of a synchronous generator nonlinear model based on the analysis of selected transient waveforms caused by introducing a disturbance (in the form of a pseudorandom signal) in the generator voltage regulation channel. The parameter estimation was performed by minimizing the objective function defined as a mean square error for deviations between the measurement waveforms and the waveforms calculated based on the generator mathematical model. A hybrid algorithm was used for the minimization of the objective function. In the paper, there is described a filter system used for filtering the noisy measurement waveforms. The calculation results of the model of a 44 kW synchronous generator installed on a laboratory stand of the Institute of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science of the Silesian University of Technology are also given. The presented estimation method can be successfully applied to parameter estimation of different models of high-power synchronous generators operating in a power system.

  10. Grid-based exploration of cosmological parameter space with Snake

    CERN Document Server

    Mikkelsen, K; Eriksen, H K

    2012-01-01

    We present a fully parallelized grid-based parameter estimation algorithm for investigating multidimensional likelihoods called Snake, and apply it to cosmological parameter estimation. The basic idea is to map out the likelihood grid-cell by grid-cell according to decreasing likelihood, and stop when a certain threshold has been reached. This approach improves vastly on the "curse of dimensionality" problem plaguing standard grid-based parameter estimation simply by disregarding grid-cells with negligible likelihood. The main advantages of this method compared to standard Metropolis-Hastings MCMC methods include 1) trivial extraction of arbitrary conditional distributions; 2) direct access to Bayesian evidences; 3) better sampling of the tails of the distribution; and 4) nearly perfect parallelization scaling. The main disadvantage is, as in the case of brute-force grid-based evaluation, a dependency on the number of parameters, N_par. One of the main goals of the present paper is to determine how large N_pa...

  11. Genetic Algorithm-based Affine Parameter Estimation for Shape Recognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuxing Mao

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Shape recognition is a classically difficult problem because of the affine transformation between two shapes. The current study proposes an affine parameter estimation method for shape recognition based on a genetic algorithm (GA. The contributions of this study are focused on the extraction of affine- invariant features, the individual encoding scheme, and the fitness function construction policy for a GA. First, the affine-invariant characteristics of the centroid distance ratios (CDRs of any two opposite contour points to the barycentre are analysed. Using different intervals along the azimuth angle, the different numbers of CDRs of two candidate shapes are computed as representations of the shapes, respectively. Then, the CDRs are selected based on predesigned affine parameters to construct the fitness function. After that, a GA is used to search for the affine parameters with optimal matching between candidate shapes, which serve as actual descriptions of the affine transformation between the shapes. Finally, the CDRs are resampled based on the estimated parameters to evaluate the similarity of the shapes for classification. The experimental results demonstrate the robust performance of the proposed method in shape recognition with translation, scaling, rotation and distortion.

  12. Sensitivity of IFMIF-DONES irradiation characteristics to different design parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mota, F.; Ibarra, Á.; García, Á.; Molla, J.

    2015-11-01

    The DONES (DEMO oriented neutron source) has been conceived as a simplified IFMIF-like plant to provide earlier availability, on a reduced time scale and with a reduced budget—both compared to IFMIF—of basic information on materials damage. The conceptual design of the DONES will consist of a number of changes oriented to reduce the time required for construction and the time required to produce the required damage. This paper evaluates how changes in beam irradiation parameters or geometric issues will affect the damage produced in the specimens located in the experimental irradiation area (test cell) of the DONES. Neutron transport calculations have been performed to evaluate the sensitivity of material radiation effects to different irradiation environments. The neutron transport calculations have been performed using McDeLicious 2011 (based on MCNP5-v1.6), code developed by the KIT research institute to reproduce the IFMIF deuteron-lithium neutron source. With this aim in mind, the materials radiation effects evaluated to analyse the sensitivity to the changes in the irradiation conditions have been the damage dose rate, the He and H production, and the He and H production to damage dose ratio. With the analysis of these parameters it is possible to make an evaluation of the level of primary damage suffered by the specimen placed in the high flux test module (HFTM). Based on results obtained in this paper and taking into account engineering considerations, substantial progress should be possible regarding the optimum design parameters for the irradiation area of the IFMIF-DONES facility.

  13. Power Network Parameter Estimation Method Based on Data Mining Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Qi-ping; WANG Cheng-min; HOU Zhi-fian

    2008-01-01

    The parameter values which actually change with the circumstances, weather and load level etc.produce great effect to the result of state estimation. A new parameter estimation method based on data mining technology was proposed. The clustering method was used to classify the historical data in supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) database as several types. The data processing technology was impliedto treat the isolated point, missing data and yawp data in samples for classified groups. The measurement data which belong to each classification were introduced to the linear regression equation in order to gain the regression coefficient and actual parameters by the least square method. A practical system demonstrates the high correctness, reliability and strong practicability of the proposed method.

  14. Performance-based asphalt mixture design methodology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Al-Hosain Mansour

    Today, several State D.O.T.s are being investigating the use of tire rubber with local conventional materials. Several of the ongoing investigations identified potential benefits from the use of these materials, including improvements in material properties and performance. One of the major problems is being associated with the transferability of asphalt rubber technology without appropriately considering the effects of the variety of conventional materials on mixture behavior and performance. Typically, the design of these mixtures is being adapted to the physical properties of the conventional materials by using the empirical Marshall mixture design and without considering fundamental mixture behavior and performance. Use of design criteria related to the most common modes of failure for asphalt mixtures, such as rutting, fatigue cracking, and low temperature thermal cracking have to be developed and used for identifying the "best mixture," in term of performance, for the specific local materials and loading conditions. The main objective of this study was the development of a mixture design methodology that considers mixture behavior and performance. In order to achieve this objective a laboratory investigation able to evaluate mixture properties that can be related to mixture performance, (in terms of rutting, low temperature cracking, moisture damage and fatigue), and simulating the actual field loading conditions that the material is being exposed to, was conducted. The results proved that the inclusion of rubber into asphalt mixtures improved physical characteristics such as elasticity, flexibility, rebound, aging properties, increased fatigue resistance, and reduced rutting potential. The possibility of coupling the traditional Marshall mix design method with parameters related to mixture behavior and performance was investigated. Also, the SHRP SUPERPAVE mix design methodology was reviewed and considered in this study for the development of an integrated

  15. Mechatronic Design: A Port-Based Approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Amerongen, van Job

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we consider the integrated design of a mechatronic system. After considering the different design steps it is shown that a port-based approach during all phases of the design supports a true mechatronic design philosophy. Port-based design enables use of consistent models of the system

  16. Textile-based weft knitted strain sensors: effect of fabric parameters on sensor properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atalay, Ozgur; Kennon, William Richard; Husain, Muhammad Dawood

    2013-08-21

    The design and development of textile-based strain sensors has been a focus of research and many investigators have studied this subject. This paper presents a new textile-based strain sensor design and shows the effect of base fabric parameters on its sensing properties. Sensing fabric could be used to measure articulations of the human body in the real environment. The strain sensing fabric was produced by using electronic flat-bed knitting technology; the base fabric was produced with elastomeric yarns in an interlock arrangement and a conductive yarn was embedded in this substrate to create a series of single loop structures. Experimental results show that there is a strong relationship between base fabric parameters and sensor properties.

  17. Optimal design for mechanism parameters of crusher based on minimum eigenvalue by matlab%基于最小特性值的破碎机机构参数Matlab优化设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄大明; 蒋顺梅; 杨春兰

    2012-01-01

    破碎机机构尺寸参数的设计是决定产品性能优劣的关键.选择了量大面广的PE600×900鄂式破碎机产品为研究对象,通过建立以动颚行程特性值最小为目标函数的优化数学模型,利用Matlab优化工具箱中的序列二次规划(SQP)算法,采用直接调用fmincon函数的方式,实现有约束条件下的破碎机机构尺寸参数优化问题的求解.对研究对象的优化结果显示,破碎机排料口处行程特性值为2.47,减小21.84%.其中,垂直行程由56.80mm减少到55.24mm,水平行程由17.99mm增大到22.36mm.机构的运动特性得到改善.既能够有效减轻齿板磨损,又可以显著提高破碎比及生产能力.计算结果表明,产品的生产能力由原来的49.59 m3/h提高到55.04m3/h,提高了18.11%,且传动角依然满足45°≤γ≤55°的要求.此外,优化后的偏心距为18.5mm,略有减小,既不影响破碎物料必要的水平行程,使物料得以充分破碎,又降低了工作时作用在曲柄销轴上的阻力矩,减少功率的消耗,达到节能降耗的目的.因此,该优化达到产品产能大、效率高、寿命长、能耗低、品质好的预期目标.%The design of the crusher mechanism parameters is the key to determining product quality. This paper chooses the PE600x900 jaw crusher used extensively in the widespread production field as the research object,by establishing a optimization mathematical model with the minimum traveling eigenvalue of moving jaw as the objective function,making use of the sequential quadratic programming (SQP) algorithm of MATLAB optimal toolbox and adopting the way direct call fmincon function,the optimal solution of the crusher mechanism parameters could be found under constraint condition.The result of optimization shows that the output traveling eigenvalue of crusher is 2.47 and reduced by 21.84%.Thereinto, the vertical travel is reduced from 56.80mm to 55.24mm, the horizontal travel is increased from 17.99mm to 22.36mm

  18. Design Study: Rocket Based MHD Generator

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    This report addresses the technical feasibility and design of a rocket based MHD generator using a sub-scale LOx/RP rocket motor. The design study was constrained by assuming the generator must function within the performance and structural limits of an existing magnet and by assuming realistic limits on (1) the axial electric field, (2) the Hall parameter, (3) current density, and (4) heat flux (given the criteria of heat sink operation). The major results of the work are summarized as follows: (1) A Faraday type of generator with rectangular cross section is designed to operate with a combustor pressure of 300 psi. Based on a magnetic field strength of 1.5 Tesla, the electrical power output from this generator is estimated to be 54.2 KW with potassium seed (weight fraction 3.74%) and 92 KW with cesium seed (weight fraction 9.66%). The former corresponds to a enthalpy extraction ratio of 2.36% while that for the latter is 4.16%; (2) A conceptual design of the Faraday MHD channel is proposed, based on a maximum operating time of 10 to 15 seconds. This concept utilizes a phenolic back wall for inserting the electrodes and inter-electrode insulators. Copper electrode and aluminum oxide insulator are suggested for this channel; and (3) A testing configuration for the sub-scale rocket based MHD system is proposed. An estimate of performance of an ideal rocket based MHD accelerator is performed. With a current density constraint of 5 Amps/cm(exp 2) and a conductivity of 30 Siemens/m, the push power density can be 250, 431, and 750 MW/m(sup 3) when the induced voltage uB have values of 5, 10, and 15 KV/m, respectively.

  19. Dynamic Routing of IP Traffic Based on QOS Parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Kriška

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The article looks into the current state of the art of dynamic routing protocols with respect to their possibilities to react to changes in the Quality of Service when selecting the best route towards a destination network. New options that could leverage information about the ever changing QoS parameters for data communication are analysed and a Cisco Performance Routing solution is described more in detail. The practical part of this work focuses on a design and implementation of a test bed that provides ascalable laboratory architecture to manipulate QoS parameters of different data communications flowing through it. The test bed is used in various use cases that were used to evaluate Cisco Performance Routing optimization capabilities in different scenarios.

  20. Determining Stand Parameters from Uas-Based Point Clouds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz, V.; Serifoglu, C.; Gungor, O.

    2016-06-01

    In Turkey, forest management plans are produced by terrestrial surveying techniques for 10 or 20 year periods, which can be considered quite long to maintain the sustainability of forests. For a successful forest management plan, it is necessary to collect accurate information about the stand parameters and store them in dynamic and robust databases. The position, number, height and closure of trees are among the most important stand parameters required for a forest management plan. Determining the position of each single tree is challenging in such an area consisting of too many interlocking trees. Hence, in this study, an object-based tree detection methodology has been developed in MATLAB programming language to determine the position of each tree top in a highly closed area. The developed algorithm uses the Canopy Height Model (CHM), which is computed from the Digital Terrain Model (DTM) and Digital Surface Model (DSM) generated by using the point cloud extracted from the images taken from a UAS (Unmanned Aerial System). The heights of trees have been determined by using the CHM. The closure of the trees has been determined with the written MATLAB script. The results show that the developed tree detection methodology detected more than 70% of the trees successfully. It can also be concluded that the stand parameters may be determined by using the UAS-based point clouds depending on the characteristics of the study area. In addition, determination of the stand parameters by using point clouds reduces the time needed to produce forest management plans.

  1. Study of the influence of design parameters of MAPS for the ALICE ITS Upgrade: Project Report

    CERN Document Server

    Munteanu, Laura-Iuliana

    2016-01-01

    This report illustrates the results of measurements performed on various MAPS chips used during the R&D phase for the ALICE ITS Upgrade. It lists the influence that pixel design parameters have on the performance of the chips.

  2. Optimal Design of the Transverse Flux Machine Using a Fitted Genetic Algorithm with Real Parameters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Argeseanu, Alin; Ritchie, Ewen; Leban, Krisztina Monika

    2012-01-01

    This paper applies a fitted genetic algorithm (GA) to the optimal design of transverse flux machine (TFM). The main goal is to provide a tool for the optimal design of TFM that is an easy to use. The GA optimizes the analytic basic design of two TFM topologies: the C-core and the U-core. First......, the GA was designed with real parameters. A further, objective of the fitted GA is minimization of the computation time, related to the number of individuals, the number of generations and the types of operators and their specific parameters....

  3. Effects of design parameters and puff topography on heating coil temperature and mainstream aerosols in electronic cigarettes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Tongke; Shu, Shi; Guo, Qiuju; Zhu, Yifang

    2016-06-01

    Emissions from electronic cigarettes (ECs) may contribute to both indoor and outdoor air pollution and the number of users is increasing rapidly. ECs operate based on the evaporation of e-liquid by a high-temperature heating coil. Both puff topography and design parameters can affect this evaporation process. In this study, both mainstream aerosols and heating coil temperature were measured concurrently to study the effects of design parameters and puff topography. The heating coil temperatures and mainstream aerosols varied over a wide range across different brands and within same brand. The peak heating coil temperature and the count median diameter (CMD) of EC aerosols increased with a longer puff duration and a lower puff flow rate. The particle number concentration was positively associated with the puff duration and puff flow rate. These results provide a better understanding of how EC emissions are affected by design parameters and puff topography and emphasize the urgent need to better regulate EC products.

  4. Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Design Parameters for Hydronic Embedded Thermally Active Surfaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marcos-Meson, Victor; Pomianowski, Michal Zbigniew; E. Poulsen, Søren

    2015-01-01

    This paper evaluates the principal design parameters affecting the thermal performance of embedded hydronic Thermally Active Surfaces (TAS), combining the Response Surface Method (RSM) with the Finite Elements Method (FEM). The study ranks the combined effects of the parameters on the heat flux i...

  5. CREATIVE DESIGN BASED ON KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT IN ENGINEERING DESIGN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIANG Jun; JIANG Zuhua; ZHEN Lu; SU Hai; WANG Kuoming

    2007-01-01

    To support and serve engineering design, creative design based on knowledge management is proposed. The key knowledge factors of creative design are analyzed and discussed, and knowledge extraction tools are utilized to distill the important knowledge to serve for knowledge resource of creative design. The implementation of creative design mode is described and executed, which can promote the intelligent asset of the enterprise and shorten the period of creative design. With this study, design afflatus and conceptual design can be achieved expediently and effectively.

  6. Luminescence-based optical sensor systems for monitoring water parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lobnik, Aleksandra; Turel, Matejka; Korent, Špela Mojca

    2007-06-01

    Lanthanide-sensitized luminescence is very attractive because the intramolecular energy transfers between the absorbing ligand and the luminescent ion results in strong narrow-band fluorescence with a large Stokes' shift and long decay times. We will report about several sensor systems based either on sol-gel materials or lanthanide chelates for monitoring and controlling water parameters, such as heavy metals, amines, phosphates.

  7. Thermal Hydraulic design parameters study for severe accidents using neural networks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roh, Chang Hyun; Chang, Soon Heung [Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Taejon (Korea, Republic of); Chang, Keun Sun [Sunmoon University, Asan (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-12-31

    To provide the information on severe accident progression is very important for advanced or new type of nuclear power plant (NPP) design. A parametric study, therefore, was performed to investigate the effect of thermal hydraulic design parameters on severe accident progression of pressurized water reactors (PWRs). Nine parameters, which are considered important in NPP design or severe accident progression, were selected among the various thermal hydraulic design parameters. The backpropagation neural network (BPN) was used to determine parameters, which might more strongly affect the severe accident progression, among nine parameters. For training, different input patterns were generated by the latin hypercube sampling (LHS) technique and then different target patterns that contain core uncovery time and vessel failure time were obtained for Young Gwang Nuclear (YGN) Units 3 and 4 using modular accident analysis program (MAAP) 3.0B code. Three different severe accident scenarios, such as two loss of coolant accidents (LOCAs) and station blackout (SBO), were considered in this analysis. Results indicated that design parameters related to refueling water storage tank (RWST), accumulator and steam generator (S/G) have more dominant effects on the progression of severe accidents investigated, compared to the other six parameters. 9 refs., 5 tabs. (Author)

  8. Optimization of machining parameters of turning operations based on multi performance criteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.K.Mandal

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The selection of optimum machining parameters plays a significant role to ensure quality of product, to reduce the manufacturing cost and to increase productivity in computer controlled manufacturing process. For many years, multi-objective optimization of turning based on inherent complexity of process is a competitive engineering issue. This study investigates multi-response optimization of turning process for an optimal parametric combination to yield the minimum power consumption, surface roughness and frequency of tool vibration using a combination of a Grey relational analysis (GRA. Confirmation test is conducted for the optimal machining parameters to validate the test result. Various turning parameters, such as spindle speed, feed and depth of cut are considered. Experiments are designed and conducted based on full factorial design of experiment.

  9. SDRE Based Attitude Control Using Modified Rodriguez Parameters

    CERN Document Server

    Doruk, R Ozgur

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present an application of the State Dependent Riccati Equation (SDRE) method to satellite attitude control where the satellite kinematics is modeled by Modified Rodriguez Parameters (MRP). The SDRE methodology is applicable on special forms of nonlinear systems where satellite model is one of the candidates. It is not easy to find an analytical solution from the SDRE. Thus point wise solutions are interpolated with respect to the operating conditions. The point wise solutions are obtained from the MATLAB algorithms which are derived from the positive definite solutions of the SDRE. The global stability analysis is difficult due to the nature of the methodology. The resultant attitude controllers outside the breakpoints (the selected operating conditions for interpolation) are suboptimal. The performance of the designs is examined by simulations on MATLAB - Simulink environment. The simulation results show that, the designed attitude controllers are working satisfactorily even i...

  10. Treatment of multiple network parameter errors through a genetic-based algorithm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stacchini de Souza, Julio C.; Do Coutto Filho, Milton B.; Meza, Edwin B. Mitacc [Department of Electrical Engineering, Institute of Computing, Fluminense Federal University, Rua Passo da Patria, 156 - Sao Domingos, 24210-240 Niteroi, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

    2009-11-15

    This paper proposes a genetic algorithm-based methodology for network parameter estimation and correction. Network parameter errors may come from many different sources, such as: imprecise data provided by manufacturers, poor estimation of transmission lines lengths and changes in transmission network design which are not adequately updated in the corresponding database. Network parameter data are employed by almost all power system analysis tools, from real time monitoring to long-term planning. The presence of parameter errors contaminates the results obtained by these tools and compromises decision-making processes. To get rid of single or multiple network parameter errors, a methodology that combines genetic algorithms and power system state estimation is proposed. Tests with the IEEE 14-bus system and a real Brazilian system are performed to illustrate the proposed method. (author)

  11. Optimization Of Blasting Design Parameters On Open Pit Bench A Case Study Of Nchanga Open Pits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Mwango Bowa

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In hard rock mining blasting is the most productive excavation technique applied to fragment insitu rock to the required size for efficient loading and crushing. In order to blast the insitu rock to the desired fragment size blast design parameter such as bench height hole diameter spacing burden hole length bottom charge specific charge and rock factor are considered. The research was carried out as a practical method on Nchanga Open Pits NOP ore Bench to optimize the blasting design parameters that can yield the required fragmentation size thereby reducing the shovel loading times and maximizing efficiency of the subsequent mining unit operations such as hauling and crushing. Fragmentation characteristics such as the mean fragment size were measured by means of a digital measuring tape and predicated using the Kuznetsov equation and rock factor value of ore bench was calculated using Lilly 1986 equations by means of rock characteristics. Traditional blasting design parameters were acquired for NOP and modified using Langerfors and Sharma P.A approaches. Several blast operations were conducted using both traditional and modified blasting design parameters on the same ore bench with the same geological conditions. Loading times of the shovel and fragment sizes were obtained after the blasts from ore bench where both the traditional and modified blasting design parameters were applied. Results show that mean fragment size and loading times were reduced from 51cm and 12minutes to 22cm and 3minutes where traditional and modified blasting design parameters were applied respectively.

  12. A Web Based Collaborative Design Environment for Spacecraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunphy, Julia

    1998-01-01

    In this era of shrinking federal budgets in the USA we need to dramatically improve our efficiency in the spacecraft engineering design process. We have come up with a method which captures much of the experts' expertise in a dataflow design graph: Seamlessly connectable set of local and remote design tools; Seamlessly connectable web based design tools; and Web browser interface to the developing spacecraft design. We have recently completed our first web browser interface and demonstrated its utility in the design of an aeroshell using design tools located at web sites at three NASA facilities. Multiple design engineers and managers are now able to interrogate the design engine simultaneously and find out what the design looks like at any point in the design cycle, what its parameters are, and how it reacts to adverse space environments.

  13. Optimizing reliability, maintainability and testability parameters of equipment based on GSPN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yongcheng Xu

    2015-01-01

    Reliability, maintainability and testability (RMT) are important properties of equipment, since they have important influ-ence on operational availability and life cycle costs (LCC). There-fore, weighting and optimizing the three properties are of great significance. A new approach for optimization of RMT parameters is proposed. First of al , the model for the equipment operation pro-cess is established based on the generalized stochastic Petri nets (GSPN) theory. Then, by solving the GSPN model, the quantitative relationship between operational availability and RMT parameters is obtained. Afterwards, taking history data of similar equipment and operation process into consideration, a cost model of design, manufacture and maintenance is developed. Based on operational availability, the cost model and parameters ranges, an optimization model of RMT parameters is built. Final y, the effectiveness and practicability of this approach are validated through an example.

  14. Identification of Dynamic Parameters Based on Pseudo-Parallel Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Feng-yao; MA Zhen-yue; ZHANG Yun-liang

    2007-01-01

    For the parameter identification of dynamic problems, a pseudo-parallel ant colony optimization (PPACO) algorithm based on graph-based ant system (AS) was introduced. On the platform of ANSYS dynamic analysis, the PPACO algorithm was applied to the identification of dynamic parameters successfully. Using simulated data of forces and displacements, elastic modulus E and damping ratio ξ was identified for a designed 3D finite element model, and the detailed identification step was given. Mathematical example and simulation example show that the proposed method has higher precision, faster convergence speed and stronger antinoise ability compared with the standard genetic algorithm and the ant colony optimization (ACO) algorithms.

  15. Results-Based Interaction Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, Meredith

    2008-01-01

    Interaction design is a user-centered approach to development in which users and their goals are the driving force behind a project's design. Interaction design principles are fundamental to the design and implementation of effective websites, but they are not sufficient. This article argues that, to reach its full potential, a website should also…

  16. Effect of Nozzle Design and Processing Parameter on Characteristics of Glass/Polypropylene Hybrid Yarns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr Hireni Mankodi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Among the various methods commingling process is comparatively better alternative to produce hybrid yarns. The required properties of hybrid yarns can be obtained by controlling main processing parameters such as air pressure, overfeed and take-up speed along with proper selection of nozzle (jet design. The commingling machine has been fabricated to study the commingling parameters. The nozzle is the most important element of the commingling machine. The design specification of commingling jet along with the processing parameters decides the final characteristics of yarn. In the present study two different types of jets have been selected to investigate commingling characteristics of glass/polypropylene hybrid yarn.

  17. Use of the Robust Design to Estimate Seasonal Abundance and Demographic Parameters of a Coastal Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops aduncus) Population

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, Holly C.; Ken Pollock; Kelly Waples; Stuart Bradley; Lars Bejder

    2013-01-01

    As delphinid populations become increasingly exposed to human activities we rely on our capacity to produce accurate abundance estimates upon which to base management decisions. This study applied mark-recapture methods following the Robust Design to estimate abundance, demographic parameters, and temporary emigration rates of an Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops aduncus) population off Bunbury, Western Australia. Boat-based photo-identification surveys were conducted year-round over ...

  18. Parameter estimation and uncertainty quantification in a biogeochemical model using optimal experimental design methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reimer, Joscha; Piwonski, Jaroslaw; Slawig, Thomas

    2016-04-01

    The statistical significance of any model-data comparison strongly depends on the quality of the used data and the criterion used to measure the model-to-data misfit. The statistical properties (such as mean values, variances and covariances) of the data should be taken into account by choosing a criterion as, e.g., ordinary, weighted or generalized least squares. Moreover, the criterion can be restricted onto regions or model quantities which are of special interest. This choice influences the quality of the model output (also for not measured quantities) and the results of a parameter estimation or optimization process. We have estimated the parameters of a three-dimensional and time-dependent marine biogeochemical model describing the phosphorus cycle in the ocean. For this purpose, we have developed a statistical model for measurements of phosphate and dissolved organic phosphorus. This statistical model includes variances and correlations varying with time and location of the measurements. We compared the obtained estimations of model output and parameters for different criteria. Another question is if (and which) further measurements would increase the model's quality at all. Using experimental design criteria, the information content of measurements can be quantified. This may refer to the uncertainty in unknown model parameters as well as the uncertainty regarding which model is closer to reality. By (another) optimization, optimal measurement properties such as locations, time instants and quantities to be measured can be identified. We have optimized such properties for additional measurement for the parameter estimation of the marine biogeochemical model. For this purpose, we have quantified the uncertainty in the optimal model parameters and the model output itself regarding the uncertainty in the measurement data using the (Fisher) information matrix. Furthermore, we have calculated the uncertainty reduction by additional measurements depending on time

  19. A Computer Code For Evaluation of Design Parameters of Concrete Piercing Earth Shock Missile Warhead

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. K. Roy

    1985-10-01

    Full Text Available A simple and reliable computer code has been devised for evaluating various design parameters, and predicting the penetration performance of concrete piercing earth shock missile-warhead and will be useful to the designers of earth penetrating weapon system.

  20. Validation of tissue quality parameters for donor corneas, designated for emergency cases: corneal graft survival

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W.J. Rijneveld; R. Wolff; H.J.M. Volker-Dieben; E. Pels

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: To validate tissue quality parameters for donor corneas designated for emergency grafting for corneal graft survival. Methods: In a longitudinal cohort follow-up study, 131 emergency penetrating grafts were studied. Grafts were performed with a pool of organ-cultured donor corneas designate

  1. Optimal Design of Measurement Programs for the Parameter Identification of Dynamic Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkegaard, Poul Henning; Sørensen, John Dalsgaard; Brincker, Rune

    1991-01-01

    The design of a measurement program devoted to parameter identification of structural dynamic systems is considered. The design problem is formulated as an optimization problem to minimize the total expected cost, i.e. the cost of failure and the cost of the measurement program. All the calculati...

  2. One-Sign Order Parameter in Iron Based Superconductor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernd Büchner

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The onset of superconductivity at the transition temperature is marked by the onset of order, which is characterized by an energy gap. Most models of the iron-based superconductors find a sign-changing (s± order parameter [1–6], with the physical implication that pairing is driven by spin fluctuations. Recent work, however, has indicated that LiFeAs has a simple isotropic order parameter [7–9] and spin fluctuations are not necessary [7,10], contrary to the models [1–6]. The strength of the spin fluctuations has been controversial [11,12], meaning that the mechanism of superconductivity cannot as yet be determined. We report the momentum dependence of the superconducting energy gap, where we find an anisotropy that rules out coupling through spin fluctuations and the sign change. The results instead suggest that orbital fluctuations assisted by phonons [13,14] are the best explanation for superconductivity.

  3. A Methodology for Evaluating Technical Performance Parameter Design Margins to Control Earth and Space Science Instrument Cost

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones-Selden, Felicia L.

    Costs of aerospace missions have increased over the last twenty years, placing the future of the space program in jeopardy. A potential source for such growth can be attributed to the complex multidisciplinary and challenging nature of earth and space science instrument development. Design margins are additional resources carried in technical performance parameters to mitigate uncertainties throughout the product lifecycle. Margins are traditionally derived and allocated based upon historical experience intrinsic to organizations, as opposed to quantitative methods, jeopardizing the development of low-cost space-based instruments. This dissertation utilizes a methodology to evaluate the interrelationships between pre-launch and actual launch margins for the key technical performance parameters of mass, power, and data-rate to identify the extent to which excessive or insufficient margins are used in the design of space-based instruments in an effort to control instrument cost growth. The research examined 62 space-based instruments from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Federally Funded Research and Development Centers, and universities. Statistical analysis consisting of paired t-tests and multiple linear regression were utilized to determine the degree to which space-based instruments are over or under designed by the use of excessive or insufficient design margins and to determine the effect of design margins for the technical performance parameters of mass, power, and data-rate on the percentage instrument cost growth from the preliminary design phase to launch. Findings confirm, that in the implementation of space-based instruments, design margins are allocated to technical performance parameters above suggested government/industry standards, impacting the development of low-cost space-based instruments. The findings provide senior leadership, systems engineers, project managers, and resource managers with the ability to determine where

  4. A Study on Design Concept for a Braille Tactile Sensor Segment Using Softness Parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Zhongwei; Arabshahi, Sayyed Alireza; Watanabe, Tetsuyou

    The purpose of this report is to introduce and discuss about the design parameters for a segment of a tactile sensor reading one dot of a Braille alphabet. A sensor segment consisting of a piezoelectric (PVDF) film sandwiched between two elastic materials is designed. Experiments and simulations are used to define and examine the design parameters. With regards to the sensor structure, Free and Clamped boundary conditions are presented and the relevant equations containing the design parameters, e.g. “bending softness”, are derived. Applying different materials and thicknesses for layers surrounding the PVDF film, simulations are used to quantize the approximate values for each design parameter. The results show that the output of sensor is mostly dependent on the bending effect near the PVDF layer, and the structure encouraging more bending produces higher output. Finally, it is concluded that the real sensor has a structure which is between Free and Clamped boundary conditions, therefore design parameters are modified to compromise between the two cases and optimum values are presented.

  5. Automated scheme to determine design parameters for a recoverable reentry vehicle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The NRV (Nosetip Recovery Vehicle) program at Sandia Laboratories is designed to recover the nose section from a sphere cone reentry vehicle after it has flown a near ICBM reentry trajectory. Both mass jettison and parachutes are used to reduce the velocity of the RV near the end of the trajectory to a sufficiently low level that the vehicle may land intact. The design problem of determining mass jettison time and parachute deployment time in order to ensure that the vehicle does land intact is considered. The problem is formulated as a min-max optimization problem where the design parameters are to be selected to minimize the maximum possible deviation in the design criteria due to uncertainties in the system. The results of the study indicate that the optimal choice of the design parameters ensures that the maximum deviation in the design criteria is within acceptable bounds. This analytically ensures the feasibility of recovery for NRV

  6. Design of Si-photonic structures to evaluate their radiation hardness dependence on design parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeiler, M.; Detraz, S.; Olantera, L.; Pezzullo, G.; Seif El Nasr-Storey, S.; Sigaud, C.; Soos, C.; Troska, J.; Vasey, F.

    2016-01-01

    Particle detectors for future experiments at the HL-LHC will require new optical data transmitters that can provide high data rates and be resistant against high levels of radiation. Furthermore, new design paths for future optical readout systems for HL-LHC could be opened if there was a possibility to integrate the optical components with their driving electronics and possibly also the silicon particle sensors themselves. All these functionalities could potentially be combined in the silicon photonics technology which currently receives a lot of attention for conventional optical link systems. Silicon photonic test chips were designed in order to assess the suitability of this technology for deployment in high-energy physics experiments. The chips contain custom-designed Mach-Zehnder modulators, pre-designed ``building-block'' modulators, photodiodes and various other passive test structures. The simulation and design flow of the custom designed Mach-Zehnder modulators and some first measurement results of the chips are presented.

  7. Mathematical Modelling and Parameter Estimation for the Design of Constructed Wetlands

    OpenAIRE

    ANIĆ, Aleksandra; VEDRINA, Denis Stjepan; Gudelj, Ivana

    2008-01-01

    Efficiency of waste water treatment in a subsurface constructed wetland depends on influent water quality, quality water effluent demand, climate conditions, substrate type and plants used. Therefore, the efficiency of the constructed wetlands that are designed and constructed according to the literature design parameters can be different then expected. The results of waste water treatment using a subsurface constructed wetland that is designed according to the literature data are presente...

  8. Analyzing the shape parameter effects on the performance of the mixed-flow fan using CFD and Factorial design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Uk Hee; Kim, Joon Hyung; Kim, Sung; Kim, Jin Hyuk; Choi, Young Seok [Korea Institute of Industrial Technology, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-03-15

    Fans are representative turbo-machinery widely used for ventilation throughout the industrial world. Recently, as the importance of energy saving has been magnified with the fans, the demand for the fans with high efficiency and performance has been increasing. The representative method for enhancing the performance includes design optimization; in practice, fan performance can be improved by changing the shape parameters such as those of meridional plane, impeller, and diffuser. Before optimizing the efficient design, a process of screening to select important design parameters is essential. The present study aimed to analyze the effects of mixed-flow fans' shape parameters on fan performance (static pressure and fan static efficiency) and derive optimum models based on the results. In this study, the shape parameters considered in the impeller domain are as follows: tip clearance, number of blades, beta angle of Leading edge (LE) in the blade, and beta angle of Trailing edge (TE) in the blade. The shape parameters considered in the diffuser domain are as follows: meridional length of the Guide vane (GV), number of GV, beta angle of LE in the GV and beta angle of TE in the GV. The effects of individual shape parameters were analyzed using the CFD (Computational fluid dynamic) and DOE (Design of experiments) methods. The reliability of CFD was verified through the comparison between preliminary fan model's experiment results and CFD results, and screening processes were implemented through 24-1 fractional factorial design. From the analysis of DOE results, it could be seen that the tip clearance and the number of blades in the impeller domain greatly affected the fan performance, and the beta angle of TE at the GV in the diffuser domain greatly affected the fan performance. Finally, the optimum models with improved fan performance were created using linear regression equations derived from 24-1 fractional factorial design.

  9. An Empirical Study of Parameter Estimation for Stated Preference Experimental Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fei Yang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The stated preference experimental design can affect the reliability of the parameters estimation in discrete choice model. Some scholars have proposed some new experimental designs, such as D-efficient, Bayesian D-efficient. But insufficient empirical research has been conducted on the effectiveness of these new designs and there has been little comparative analysis of the new designs against the traditional designs. In this paper, a new metro connecting Chengdu and its satellite cities is taken as the research subject to demonstrate the validity of the D-efficient and Bayesian D-efficient design. Comparisons between these new designs and orthogonal design were made by the fit of model and standard deviation of parameters estimation; then the best model result is obtained to analyze the travel choice behavior. The results indicate that Bayesian D-efficient design works better than D-efficient design. Some of the variables can affect significantly the choice behavior of people, including the waiting time and arrival time. The D-efficient and Bayesian D-efficient design for MNL can acquire reliability result in ML model, but the ML model cannot develop the theory advantages of these two designs. Finally, the metro can handle over 40% passengers flow if the metro will be operated in the future.

  10. Parameter optimization in differential geometry based solvation models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Bao; Wei, G W

    2015-10-01

    Differential geometry (DG) based solvation models are a new class of variational implicit solvent approaches that are able to avoid unphysical solvent-solute boundary definitions and associated geometric singularities, and dynamically couple polar and non-polar interactions in a self-consistent framework. Our earlier study indicates that DG based non-polar solvation model outperforms other methods in non-polar solvation energy predictions. However, the DG based full solvation model has not shown its superiority in solvation analysis, due to its difficulty in parametrization, which must ensure the stability of the solution of strongly coupled nonlinear Laplace-Beltrami and Poisson-Boltzmann equations. In this work, we introduce new parameter learning algorithms based on perturbation and convex optimization theories to stabilize the numerical solution and thus achieve an optimal parametrization of the DG based solvation models. An interesting feature of the present DG based solvation model is that it provides accurate solvation free energy predictions for both polar and non-polar molecules in a unified formulation. Extensive numerical experiment demonstrates that the present DG based solvation model delivers some of the most accurate predictions of the solvation free energies for a large number of molecules.

  11. Team Based Engineering Design Thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mentzer, Nathan

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this research was to explore design thinking among teams of high school students. This objective was encompassed in the research question driving the inquiry: How do teams of high school students allocate time across stages of design? Design thinking on the professional level typically occurs in a team environment. Many…

  12. Optimizing casting parameters of steel ingot based on orthogonal method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张沛; 李学通; 臧新良; 杜凤山

    2008-01-01

    The influence and signification of casting parameters on the solidification process of steel ingot were discussed based on the finite element method (FEM) results by orthogonal experiment method. The range analysis, analysis of variance (ANOVA) and optimization project were used to investigate the FEM results. In order to decrease the ingot riser head and improve the utilization ratio of ingot, the casting parameters involved casting temperature, pouring velocity and interface heat transfer were optimized to decrease shrinkage pore and microporosity. The results show that the heat transfer coefficient between melt and heated board is a more sensitive factor. It is favor to decrease the shrinkage pore and microporosity under the conditions of low temperature, high pouring velocity and high heat transfer between melt and mold. If heat transfer in the ingot body is quicker than that in the riser, the position of shrinkage pore and microporosity will be closer to riser top. The results of optimization project show that few of shrinkage pore and microporosity reach into ingot body with the rational parameters, so the riser size can be reduced.

  13. Decision-Based Design Integrating Consumer Preferences into Engineering Design

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Wei; Wassenaar, Henk Jan

    2013-01-01

    Building upon the fundamental principles of decision theory, Decision-Based Design: Integrating Consumer Preferences into Engineering Design presents an analytical approach to enterprise-driven Decision-Based Design (DBD) as a rigorous framework for decision making in engineering design.  Once the related fundamentals of decision theory, economic analysis, and econometrics modelling are established, the remaining chapters describe the entire process, the associated analytical techniques, and the design case studies for integrating consumer preference modeling into the enterprise-driven DBD framework. Methods for identifying key attributes, optimal design of human appraisal experiments, data collection, data analysis, and demand model estimation are presented and illustrated using engineering design case studies. The scope of the chapters also provides: •A rigorous framework of integrating the interests from both producer and consumers in engineering design, •Analytical techniques of consumer choice model...

  14. Multiphase flow parameter estimation based on laser scattering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The flow of multiple constituents inside a pipe or vessel, known as multiphase flow, is commonly found in many industry branches. The measurement of the individual flow rates in such flow is still a challenge, which usually requires a combination of several sensor types. However, in many applications, especially in industrial process control, it is not necessary to know the absolute flow rate of the respective phases, but rather to continuously monitor flow conditions in order to quickly detect deviations from the desired parameters. Here we show how a simple and low-cost sensor design can achieve this, by using machine-learning techniques to distinguishing the characteristic patterns of oblique laser light scattered at the phase interfaces. The sensor is capable of estimating individual phase fluxes (as well as their changes) in multiphase flows and may be applied to safety applications due to its quick response time. (paper)

  15. Multiphase flow parameter estimation based on laser scattering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vendruscolo, Tiago P.; Fischer, Robert; Martelli, Cicero; Rodrigues, Rômulo L. P.; Morales, Rigoberto E. M.; da Silva, Marco J.

    2015-07-01

    The flow of multiple constituents inside a pipe or vessel, known as multiphase flow, is commonly found in many industry branches. The measurement of the individual flow rates in such flow is still a challenge, which usually requires a combination of several sensor types. However, in many applications, especially in industrial process control, it is not necessary to know the absolute flow rate of the respective phases, but rather to continuously monitor flow conditions in order to quickly detect deviations from the desired parameters. Here we show how a simple and low-cost sensor design can achieve this, by using machine-learning techniques to distinguishing the characteristic patterns of oblique laser light scattered at the phase interfaces. The sensor is capable of estimating individual phase fluxes (as well as their changes) in multiphase flows and may be applied to safety applications due to its quick response time.

  16. Analysis of Parameter Sensitivity Using Robust Design Techniques for a Flatfish Type Autonomous Underwater Vehicle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Santhakumar

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Hydrodynamic parameters play a major role in the dynamics and control of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs. The performance of an AUV is dependent on the parameter variations and a proper understanding of these parametric influences is essential for the design, modeling, and control of high-performance AUVs. In this paper, the sensitivity of hydrodynamic parameters on the control of a flatfish type AUV is analyzed using robust design techniques such as Taguchi's design method and statistical analysis tools such as Pareto-ANOVA. Since the pitch angle of an AUV is one of the crucial variables in the control applications, the sensitivity analysis of pitch angle variation is studied here. Eight prominent hydrodynamic coefficients are considered in the analysis. The results show that there are two critical hydrodynamic parameters, that is, hydrodynamic force and hydrodynamic pitching moment in the heave direction that influence the performance of a flatfish type AUV. A near-optimal combination of the parameters was identified and the simulation results have shown the effectiveness of the method in reducing the pitch error. These findings are significant for the design modifications as well as controller design of AUVs.

  17. DESIGN OF INTELLIGENT CONTROL SYSTEM USING ACOUSTIC PARAMETERS FOR GRINDING MILL OPERATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonali Sen

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper utilizes acoustic parameters such as FS,NC, N, P, INC, FL, FH, W for acoustic signals S of different running conditions of a ballmill to deriveout the acoustic signatures and hence control signals, which is to be used for designing the control systems of the mill. The parameters FS, NC, N, P, INC, FL, FH and W are represented by sample rate in Hz, number of cepstral coefficients, length of frame in samples, number of filters in filter bank, frame increment, low end of the lowest filter, high end of highest filter and the window over which the analysis is to be performed respectively. The work establishes an appropriate theoretical background that helps to predict dynamic breakage characteristics with respect to particle size distribution of materials, adequately supported by experimental data. The signatures of different running conditions of grinding mill have been extracted from the captured signal in time frame these have been used as feedback signal to monitor the grinding operation. Condenser based microphones have been used for capturing acoustic signals in time domain directly in computers and stored for further analysis. Matlab R2010b has been used for different analysis of the experiment. On analyzing the signatures, it has been observed whether the fines are produced progressively to attain the desired size range or the mill producing undesired products. Thus, the approach has been used in this paper has the ability to arrive in the stage of optimum grinding by tuning parameters of the mill in real time, and also it can prevent the mill to enter into an erroneous state. Moreover, on study it has found that the present scheme can be used more accurately in comparison to the earlier work of the author. This paper presents an implementation scheme to use acoustic signal as the control signal to regulate the operation of a grinding mill.

  18. 基于多目标遗传算法的水陆两栖可变形机器人结构参数设计方法%Mechanism-parameters Design Method of an Amphibious Transformable Robot Based on Multi-objective Genetic Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李楠; 王明辉; 马书根; 李斌; 王越超

    2012-01-01

    As a new style of the mobile robot, the amphibious transformable robot can not only perform reconfiguration but also implement tasks in amphibious environment. For the mechanism design of the robot, the parameter of the mechanism takes influence on the robot's performance in the task environment. To implement the performance optimization in the complex environment and task, a mechanism-parameters design method of an amphibious transformable robot based on multi-objective genetic algorithm is proposed. Based on the kinematics and dynamic analysis of the robot, the multi-objective optimization problem of the mechanism parameters design is established on the mapping relationships between the performance indexes and the mechanism parameters. The non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm II (NSGA-II) is adopted to solve this optimization problem and get the Pareto optimization. A solution of optimization problem of the mechanism parameters is extracted through the Pareto optimization based on the optimizing method of combination weighting of multi-attribute decision-making, and then the result is used to direct the mechanism design of the amphibious transformable robot, Amoeba-II. The experiment for the maneuverability of Amoeba-II in the amphibious environment is performed to certify the validity and applicability of the mechanism-parameters design method of amphibious transformable robot based on multi-objective genetic algorithm.%水陆两栖可变形机器人是一种兼具变形能力与两栖环境适应能力的新型移动机器人.在其机构设计中,结构参数直接影响该机器人在任务环境中的各项机动性能.针对水陆两栖可变形机器人工作环境复杂性和任务多变性,提出一种基于多目标遗传算法的机器人结构参数设计方法,以得到该型机器人在两栖环境中的最优的综合性能.在水陆两栖可变形机器人陆地环境和水环境中运动学和动力学模型基础上,建立两栖环境中机

  19. An Ontology-Based Collaborative Design System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Tieming; Qiu, Xinpeng; Yu, Yunlong

    A collaborative design system architecture based on ontology is proposed. In the architecture, OWL is used to construct global shared ontology and local ontology; both of them are machine-interpretable. The former provides a semantic basis for the communication among designers so as to make the designers share the common understanding of knowledge. The latter which describes knowledge of designer’s own is the basis of design by reasoning. SWRL rule base comprising rules defined based on local ontology is constructed to enhance the reasoning capability of local knowledge base. The designers can complete collaborative design at a higher level based on the local knowledge base and the global shared ontology, which enhances the intelligence of design. Finally, a collaborative design case is presented and analyzed.

  20. Design of nanostructured-based glucose biosensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komirisetty, Archana; Williams, Frances; Pradhan, Aswini; Konda, Rajini B.; Dondapati, Hareesh; Samantaray, Diptirani

    2012-04-01

    This paper presents the design of glucose sensors that will be integrated with advanced nano-materials, bio-coatings and electronics to create novel devices that are highly sensitive, inexpensive, accurate, and reliable. In the work presented, a glucose biosensor and its fabrication process flow have been designed. The device is based on electrochemical sensing using a working electrode with bio-functionalized zinc oxide (ZnO) nano-rods. Among all metal oxide nanostructures, ZnO nano-materials play a significant role as a sensing element in biosensors due to their properties such as high isoelectric point (IEP), fast electron transfer, non-toxicity, biocompatibility, and chemical stability which are very crucial parameters to achieve high sensitivity. Amperometric enzyme electrodes based on glucose oxidase (GOx) are used due to their stability and high selectivity to glucose. The device also consists of silicon dioxide and titanium layers as well as platinum working and counter electrodes and a silver/silver chloride reference electrode. Currently, the biosensors are being fabricated using the process flow developed. Once completed, the sensors will be bio-functionalized and tested to characterize their performance, including their sensitivity and stability.

  1. Design of Si-photonic structures to evaluate their radiation hardness dependence on design parameters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Particle detectors for future experiments at the HL-LHC will require new optical data transmitters that can provide high data rates and be resistant against high levels of radiation. Furthermore, new design paths for future optical readout systems for HL-LHC could be opened if there was a possibility to integrate the optical components with their driving electronics and possibly also the silicon particle sensors themselves. All these functionalities could potentially be combined in the silicon photonics technology which currently receives a lot of attention for conventional optical link systems. Silicon photonic test chips were designed in order to assess the suitability of this technology for deployment in high-energy physics experiments. The chips contain custom-designed Mach-Zehnder modulators, pre-designed ''building-block'' modulators, photodiodes and various other passive test structures. The simulation and design flow of the custom designed Mach-Zehnder modulators and some first measurement results of the chips are presented

  2. Output-feedback sampled-data control design for linear parameter-varying systems with delay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramezanifar, Amin; Mohammadpour, Javad; Grigoriadis, Karolos M.

    2014-12-01

    In this paper, we address the sampled-data output-feedback control design problem for continuous-time linear parameter-varying systems with time-varying delay in the system states. Due to the combination of the plant's continuous-time dynamics and the controller's discrete-time dynamics connected through A/D and D/A converter devices, the closed-loop system is a hybrid system. In order to analyse this hybrid system from stability and performance perspectives we use the input-delay approach to map the closed-loop system into the continuous-time domain with delay in the states. This results in a closed-loop system containing two types of delays, the system internal delay and the one imposed by the mapping. Next, we use delay-dependent conditions for analysis of stability and ?-norm performance which result in a sampled-data control synthesis procedure. The proposed output-feedback sampled-data controller is obtained based on the solution to a linear matrix inequality optimisation problem using a set of appropriately defined slack variables. A numerical example of a milling machine is presented to demonstrate the viability of the proposed sampled-data control design method to satisfy the stability and performance objectives even with a varying sampling rate.

  3. Bioreactor process parameter screening utilizing a Plackett-Burman design for a model monoclonal antibody.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agarabi, Cyrus D; Schiel, John E; Lute, Scott C; Chavez, Brittany K; Boyne, Michael T; Brorson, Kurt A; Khan, Mansoor A; Read, Erik K

    2015-06-01

    Consistent high-quality antibody yield is a key goal for cell culture bioprocessing. This endpoint is typically achieved in commercial settings through product and process engineering of bioreactor parameters during development. When the process is complex and not optimized, small changes in composition and control may yield a finished product of less desirable quality. Therefore, changes proposed to currently validated processes usually require justification and are reported to the US FDA for approval. Recently, design-of-experiments-based approaches have been explored to rapidly and efficiently achieve this goal of optimized yield with a better understanding of product and process variables that affect a product's critical quality attributes. Here, we present a laboratory-scale model culture where we apply a Plackett-Burman screening design to parallel cultures to study the main effects of 11 process variables. This exercise allowed us to determine the relative importance of these variables and identify the most important factors to be further optimized in order to control both desirable and undesirable glycan profiles. We found engineering changes relating to culture temperature and nonessential amino acid supplementation significantly impacted glycan profiles associated with fucosylation, β-galactosylation, and sialylation. All of these are important for monoclonal antibody product quality.

  4. Design for game based learning platforms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Birgitte Holm; Meyer, Bente

    2010-01-01

    Council for Strategic Research, in which an online game-based platform for English as a foreign language in primary school is studied. The paper presents a model for designing for game based learning platforms. This design is based on cultural and ethnographic based research on children's leisure time use...

  5. Method of single technical information security system designing with probable reliability and given parameters of breaking

    OpenAIRE

    Журиленко, Борис Євгенович; Национальный авиационный университет

    2014-01-01

    As a result of the work was proposed a method of single technical information security (TIS) system designing with probable reliability and given parameters of breaking. The general dependence between effort and time of breaking by projected frequency of breaking was defined. It is shown that the parameter that determines the probable reliability of TIS may not only be a constant with the time dimension, but depends on both the attempt of breaking and time of breaking. Through the attempt of ...

  6. Optimization of parameters for dye removal by electro-oxidation using Taguchi Design

    OpenAIRE

    Mani Nandhini; Balasubramanian Suchithra; Ramanujam Saravanathamizhan; Dhakshinamoorthy Gnana Prakash

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the present investigation is to treat the dye house effluent using electro-oxidation and to analyse the result using Taguchi method. L16 orthogonal array was applied as an experimental design to analyse the results and to determine optimum conditions for acid fast red dye removal from aqueous solution. Various operating parameters were selected to study the electro-oxidation for the colour removal of the effluent. The operating parameter such as dye concentration, reaction time, so...

  7. Design Parameters Optimization Simulation of a Prototype Segmented Rubber Track Vehicle for Sepang Peat in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Ataur Rahman; Azmi Yahya; Mohd. Zohadie; Wan Ishak; Desa Ahmad

    2005-01-01

    This study describes a simulation model for studying the basic design parameters of a special rubber track vehicle with rigid link tracks system on Sepang peat terrain in Malaysia. The prototype parameters for a track system, including proper track width, ground contact length, pitch and grouser height, idler diameter and location, sprocket diameter and location, road-wheel diameter and geometrical arrangement, the ratio of the road-wheel spacing to track pitch and locatio...

  8. Parameter identification theory of a complex model based on global optimization method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    With the development of computer technology and numerical simulation technol- ogy, computer aided engineering (CAE) technology has been widely applied to many fields. One of the main obstacles, which hinder the further application of CAE technology, is how to successfully identify the parameters of the selected model. An elementary framework for parameter identification of a complex model is pro-vided in this paper. The framework includes the construction of objective function, the design of the optimization method and the evaluation of the identified results, etc. The parameter identification process is described in this framework, taking the parameter identification of the superplastic constitutive model considering grain growth for Ti-6Al-4V at 927℃ as an example. The objective function is the weighted quadratic sums of the difference between the experimental and computational data for the stress-strain relationship and the grain growth relationship; the designed optimization method is a hybrid global optimization method, which is based on the feature of the objective function and incorporates the strengths of genetic algo-rithm (GA), the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm and the augmented Gauss-Newton algorithm. The reliability evaluation of parameter identification result is made through the comparison between the calculated and experimental results and be-tween the theoretical values of the parameters and the identified ones.

  9. Reflections on Design-Based Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørngreen, Rikke

    Design-Based Research is an intervention method that researches educational design (products or processes) in real-life settings with the dual purpose of generating theories about the domain and develop the design iteratively. This paper is an integrative review with a personal ethnographic...... narrative that draws on Design-Based Research literature, and identifies and discusses elements from Interaction Design and Action Research that the Design-Based Research approach could apply, situating the research in online educational projects, where participants are distributed in time and space...

  10. Optimal Input Design for Aircraft Parameter Estimation using Dynamic Programming Principles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morelli, Eugene A.; Klein, Vladislav

    1990-01-01

    A new technique was developed for designing optimal flight test inputs for aircraft parameter estimation experiments. The principles of dynamic programming were used for the design in the time domain. This approach made it possible to include realistic practical constraints on the input and output variables. A description of the new approach is presented, followed by an example for a multiple input linear model describing the lateral dynamics of a fighter aircraft. The optimal input designs produced by the new technique demonstrated improved quality and expanded capability relative to the conventional multiple input design method.

  11. Fractional Factorial Design for Parameter Sweep Experiments Using Nimrod/E

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.C. Peachey

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The techniques of formal experimental design and analysis are powerful tools for scientists and engineers. However, these techniques are currently underused for experiments conducted with computer models. This has motivated the incorporation of experimental design functionality into the Nimrod tool chain. Nimrod has been extensively used for exploration of the response of models to their input parameters; the addition of experimental design tools will combine the efficiency of carefully designed experiments with the power of distributed execution. This paper describes the incorporation of one type of design, the fractional factorial design, and associated analysis tools, into the Nimrod framework. The result provides a convenient environment that automates the design of an experiment, the execution of the jobs on a computational grid and the return of results, and which assists in the interpretation of those results. Several case studies are included which demonstrate various aspects of this approach.

  12. Survey on Parameters of Fingerprint Classification Methods Based On Algorithmic Flow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimple Parekh

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Classification refers to assigning a given fingerprint to one of the existing classes already recognized inthe literature. A search over all the records in the database takes a long time, so the goal is to reduce thesize of the search space by choosing an appropriate subset of database for search. Classifying afingerprint images is a very difficult pattern recognition problem, due to the minimal interclassvariability and maximal intraclass variability. This paper presents a sequence flow diagram which willhelp in developing the clarity on designing algorithm for classification based on various parametersextracted from the fingerprint image. It discusses in brief the ways in which the parameters are extractedfrom the image. Existing fingerprint classification approaches are based on these parameters as inputfor classifying the image. Parameters like orientation map, singular points, spurious singular points,ridge flow, transforms and hybrid feature are discussed in the paper.

  13. The Application of Parameter Space Design Method for Generator Excitation Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iki, Hiroyuki; Yoshimura, Shyuta; Uriu, Yosihisa

    Recently, control engineering changes from classical control theory to modern control theory, and analogue to digital. However, as a matter of fact, the sensitivity adjustment of the parameters using Bode diagram require many time and works. In this paper, the tool of Matlab/Simulink that adjusted the AVR control parameter of the PI control type brushless and Thyristor excitation method by using the technique for based on the parameter space planning method by QE was made. Moreover, the adjustment of the sensitivity parameter of the excitation control method intended for the dynamic stability level area in Single Machine Infinite Bus is examined with the tool.

  14. Effect of buoyancy and power design parameters on hybrid airship performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talbot, P. D.; Gelhausen, P. A.

    1983-01-01

    The effects of several design parameters on the performance of hybrid airships having rotors and propellers were examined with a simple mathematical model. The parameters included buoyancy ratio, Froude number, ratio of rotor power to total power, and rotor shaft tilt. Performance variations resulting from changes in these parameters were calculated, and are presented and discussed. Performance quantities included best climb rate, equivalent vehicle L/D, and maximum speed. Performance at all speeds between hover and maximum speed was found to be sensitive to power distribution between rotors and propellers, and to rotor shaft tilt.

  15. Influence of regenerator matrix and working fluid on optimisation of design parameters of Stirling cryocoolers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atrey, M. D.; Bapat, S. L.; Narayankhedkar, K. G.

    The performance of Stirling cryocooler is governed by principal designparameters. The optimum combination of these design parameters gives maximum refrigeration effect and minimum desired efforts. The performance of the cryocooler depends significantly on the regenerator functioning and the working fluids. The mesh size of the regenerator affects dead space, pressure drop, regenerator effectiveness, etc. The working fluids differ in their thermal properties and therefore affect the performance significantly, The present paper aims to study the influence of regenerator matrix and working fluids on these design parameters. The matrix material considered is Phosphor Bronze while the working fluids considered are Helium and Hydrogen.

  16. Effect of the Design Parameters on the Performance of Inner Recycling Continuous Sand Filter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Zhi-qiang; WEN Qin-xue; Lü Bing-nan

    2002-01-01

    A novel integrated water treatment facility, innerrecycling continuous sand filter, is discussed. The theory of micro-flocculation is applied in the sand-washing circulation system with continuous filtration and backwashing. The design and operation parameters,which affect the performance of the filter, are discussed.The key design parameters are provided as follows:diameter of filter material is 0.7 to 1.0 mm, depth of filter bed is 0.6 m, filtration velocity is less than 12 m/h,ratio of gas to water is 9:11 and sand recycling rate is 2 to 4 mm/min.

  17. Bound of Noncommutativity Parameter Based on Black Hole Entropy

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Wontae; Lee, Daeho

    2010-01-01

    We study the bound of the noncommutativity parameter in the noncommutative Schwarzschild black hole which is a solution of the noncommutative ISO(3,1) Poincare gauge group. The statistical entropy satisfying the area law in the brick wall method yields a cutoff relation which depends on the noncommutativity parameter. Requiring both the cutoff parameter and the noncommutativity parameter to be real, the noncommutativity parameter can be shown to be bounded as $\\Theta > 8.4\\ times 10^{-2}l_{p}$.

  18. Autonomous entropy-based intelligent experimental design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malakar, Nabin Kumar

    2011-07-01

    The aim of this thesis is to explore the application of probability and information theory in experimental design, and to do so in a way that combines what we know about inference and inquiry in a comprehensive and consistent manner. Present day scientific frontiers involve data collection at an ever-increasing rate. This requires that we find a way to collect the most relevant data in an automated fashion. By following the logic of the scientific method, we couple an inference engine with an inquiry engine to automate the iterative process of scientific learning. The inference engine involves Bayesian machine learning techniques to estimate model parameters based upon both prior information and previously collected data, while the inquiry engine implements data-driven exploration. By choosing an experiment whose distribution of expected results has the maximum entropy, the inquiry engine selects the experiment that maximizes the expected information gain. The coupled inference and inquiry engines constitute an autonomous learning method for scientific exploration. We apply it to a robotic arm to demonstrate the efficacy of the method. Optimizing inquiry involves searching for an experiment that promises, on average, to be maximally informative. If the set of potential experiments is described by many parameters, the search involves a high-dimensional entropy space. In such cases, a brute force search method will be slow and computationally expensive. We develop an entropy-based search algorithm, called nested entropy sampling, to select the most informative experiment. This helps to reduce the number of computations necessary to find the optimal experiment. We also extended the method of maximizing entropy, and developed a method of maximizing joint entropy so that it could be used as a principle of collaboration between two robots. This is a major achievement of this thesis, as it allows the information-based collaboration between two robotic units towards a same

  19. Design optimization on the front wheel orientation parameters of a vehicle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHU Zhigang; DENG Zhaoxiang; HU Yumei; ZHU Ming

    2003-01-01

    A uniform optimization object function for front wheel orientation parameters of a vehicle is reported, which includes the tolerances of practical values and set values of front wheel orientation parameters under full load, and the changing value of each parameter with front wheel fluctuation to build a front suspension model for optimization analysis based on the multi-body dynamic (MD) theory. The original suspension is optimized with this model, and the variation law of each parameter with front wheel fluctuation is obtained. The results of a case study demonstrate that the front wheel orientation parameters of the optimized vehicle are reasonable under typical conditions and the variation of each parameter is in an ideal range with the wheel fluctuating within ±40 mm. In addition, the driving performance is improved greatly in the road test and practical use.

  20. The Distribution Population-based Genetic Algorithm for Parameter Optimization PID Controller

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENQing-Geng; WANGNing; HUANGShao-Feng

    2005-01-01

    Enlightened by distribution of creatures in natural ecology environment, the distribution population-based genetic algorithm (DPGA) is presented in this paper. The searching capability of the algorithm is improved by competition between distribution populations to reduce the search zone.This method is applied to design of optimal parameters of PID controllers with examples, and the simulation results show that satisfactory performances are obtained.

  1. Investigation of metrological parameters of sensors based on the pH-sensitive field effect transistors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kukla A. L.

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Primary semiconductor electrodes based on the dual channel pH-sensitive field effect transistors were investigated to characterize their performance both to determine pH value of test solution and to measure sensor responses in differential mode. The simplified three-lead sensor design has been implemented for these purposes. It is shown that such parameters as accuracy, repeatability and stability of developed sensors satisfy necessary requirements for typical laboratory applications.

  2. Using Evidence-Based Design to Improve Pharmacy Department Efficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenroyd, Fraser L; Hayward, Rebecca; Price, Andrew; Demian, Peter; Sharma, Shrikant

    2016-10-01

    Using a case study of a pharmacy department rebuild in the South West of England, this article examines the use of evidence-based design to improve the efficiency and staff well-being with a new design. This article compares three designs, the current design, an anecdotal design, and an evidence-based design, to identify how evidence-based design can improve efficiency and staff well-being by reducing walking time and distance. Data were collected from the existing building and used to measure the efficiency of the department in its current state. These data were then mapped onto an anecdotal design, produced by architects from interviews and workshops with the end users, and an evidence-based design, produced by highlighting functions with high adjacencies. This changed the view on the working processes within the department, shifting away from a focus on the existing robotic dispensing system. Using evidence-based design was found to decrease the walking time and distance for staff by 24%, as opposed to the anecdotal design, which increased these parameters by 9%, and is predicted to save the department 248 min across 2 days in staff time spent walking.

  3. MCPB.py: A Python Based Metal Center Parameter Builder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Pengfei; Merz, Kenneth M

    2016-04-25

    MCPB.py, a python based metal center parameter builder, has been developed to build force fields for the simulation of metal complexes employing the bonded model approach. It has an optimized code structure, with far fewer required steps than the previous developed MCPB program. It supports various AMBER force fields and more than 80 metal ions. A series of parametrization schemes to derive force constants and charge parameters are available within the program. We give two examples (one metalloprotein example and one organometallic compound example), indicating the program's ability to build reliable force fields for different metal ion containing complexes. The original version was released with AmberTools15. It is provided via the GNU General Public License v3.0 (GNU_GPL_v3) agreement and is free to download and distribute. MCPB.py provides a bridge between quantum mechanical calculations and molecular dynamics simulation software packages thereby enabling the modeling of metal ion centers. It offers an entry into simulating metal ions in a number of situations by providing an efficient way for researchers to handle the vagaries and difficulties associated with metal ion modeling. PMID:26913476

  4. THE BASING OF STABILIZATION PARAMETERS OF A FORTIFIED RAILWAY BED

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. D. Petrenko

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. The article is devoted to stabilization parameters determination of reinforced railway bed. At the present time, the railway plays the leading role in transport system to ensure the needs of freight and passenger traffic. In modern conditions railway operation concentrates on ensuring the necessary level of track reliability, including the roadbed, this is one of the main elements of road structures. The purpose of this article is the determination of basic parameters of stress-strain state to stabilize the soil subgrade embankment by reinforced materials. Methodology. To achieve this goal the following tasks of researches were solved: the effect of reinforcing layer of geomaterial on deformation properties of soil subgrade in various design of strengthening was investigated, the distributions of stresses in the subgrade were determined, reinforced of geomaterials under state load. Experimental studies to explore the nature of the deformation model subgrade at various degrees of stress were carried out. Findings. The analysis of the results of performed experimental and theoretical studies permitted to do the following conclusions. In conducting researches determined the distribution of stresses in the subgrade reinforced geomaterials under static load. The complex of experimental studies allows exploring the nature of the deformation model subgrade at various degrees of stress. Originality. On the basis of the theoretical studies have been regarded the problem of determining the stress-strain state of subgrade reinforced geomaterials by measuring stresses in its application for step loads. Practical value. The practical value was presented by the results of evaluating the effect of reinforcing way for changing the stress-strain state of subgrade.

  5. A profile design based on curvature parameters optimization for omni-direction wheel rollers%运用曲率参数优化的全向轮滚子廓形设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈骏; 周建军

    2012-01-01

    Introduced the structure of omni-direction wheel which is current used in the mobile robot field,and analyzed the reason which caused the bumpy of the mobile robot chassis. Based on the wheels and ground contact condition,present a way to modify the curved surface of rollers. Some local modification on the curvature radius of the rollers by means of using parabolic curve instead of the circular arc, and realized the height between the ODW axis and ground nearly unchanged. The Hertz contact theory and finite element method verified the result of the computation.%介绍了目前应用于移动机器人领域的全向轮结构,分析了由于全向轮自身结构而引起机器人移动底盘颠簸的原因,依据轮子与地面的接触状况,提出了一种对全向轮滚子外廓进行曲面修形的方法.用抛物线代替滚子廓形的圆弧曲线,对廓形曲率半径做局部修改,实现全向轮整体与地面接触高度基本不变.采用Hertz接触理论和有限元方法,验证了修形的理论计算结果正确.

  6. Uncertainty Reduction Via Parameter Design of A Fast Digital Integrator for Magnetic Field Measurement

    CERN Document Server

    Arpaia, P; Lucariello, G; Spiezia, G

    2007-01-01

    At European Centre of Nuclear Research (CERN), within the new Large Hadron Collider (LHC) project, measurements of magnetic flux with uncertainty of 10 ppm at a few of decades of Hz for several minutes are required. With this aim, a new Fast Digital Integrator (FDI) has been developed in cooperation with University of Sannio, Italy [1]. This paper deals with the final design tuning for achieving target uncertainty by means of experimental statistical parameter design.

  7. Aggregation Operator Based Fuzzy Pattern Classifier Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mönks, Uwe; Larsen, Henrik Legind; Lohweg, Volker

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a novel modular fuzzy pattern classifier design framework for intelligent automation systems, developed on the base of the established Modified Fuzzy Pattern Classifier (MFPC) and allows designing novel classifier models which are hardware-efficiently implementable. The...

  8. Adaptive Estimation of Intravascular Shear Rate Based on Parameter Optimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nitta, Naotaka; Takeda, Naoto

    2008-05-01

    The relationships between the intravascular wall shear stress, controlled by flow dynamics, and the progress of arteriosclerosis plaque have been clarified by various studies. Since the shear stress is determined by the viscosity coefficient and shear rate, both factors must be estimated accurately. In this paper, an adaptive method for improving the accuracy of quantitative shear rate estimation was investigated. First, the parameter dependence of the estimated shear rate was investigated in terms of the differential window width and the number of averaged velocity profiles based on simulation and experimental data, and then the shear rate calculation was optimized. The optimized result revealed that the proposed adaptive method of shear rate estimation was effective for improving the accuracy of shear rate calculation.

  9. Classification of Watermarking Based upon Various Parameters: A Review Article

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaurav Chawla

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available With the rapid growth of the Internet and multimedia systems in distributed environments, it is easier for digital data owners to transfer multimedia documents across the Internet. Therefore, there is an increase in concern over copyright protection of digital contents [Piva et al (2002; Lu et al (2001; Lu et al (2000; Lee and Jung (2001]. Traditionally, encryption and control access techniques were employed to protect the ownership of media. These techniques, however, do not protect against unauthorized copying after the media have been successfully transmitted and decrypted. Recently, watermark techniques are utilized to maintain the copyright [Barni et al (2000; Petitcolas (1999; Eskicioglu and Delp (2001].In this paper, we study the different types of watermarking based upon the various parameters.

  10. Weibull Parameters Estimation Based on Physics of Failure Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kostandyan, Erik; Sørensen, John Dalsgaard

    2012-01-01

    Reliability estimation procedures are discussed for the example of fatigue development in solder joints using a physics of failure model. The accumulated damage is estimated based on a physics of failure model, the Rainflow counting algorithm and the Miner’s rule. A threshold model is used...... for degradation modeling and failure criteria determination. The time dependent accumulated damage is assumed linearly proportional to the time dependent degradation level. It is observed that the deterministic accumulated damage at the level of unity closely estimates the characteristic fatigue life of Weibull...... distribution. Methods from structural reliability analysis are used to model the uncertainties and to assess the reliability for fatigue failure. Maximum Likelihood and Least Square estimation techniques are used to estimate fatigue life distribution parameters....

  11. Web-based tribology design repository system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Tribology design is one of the most important parts of mechanical product design as thestrength design. Unfortunately, because tribology design knowledge is often m ulti-disciplinary,complicated and piecemeal, it is therefore difficult for a mechanical designer to capture the neededtribology design knowledge. The concept of tribology design repository is proposed in this paper totry to address this problem. This paper presents an object-oriented knowledge representation lan-guage based on the modeling of tribology design component and it makes the complicated tribol-ogy knowledge represented has such advantages as inheritance, encapsulation, and consistency.A web-based triblogy design repository is then established and it enables the edition, retrieve,sharing and reuse of corporate tribology design knowledge in the repository from the Internet.

  12. Electrical Parameters Detection System Design for Edible Oil Based on Interdigital Sensor%基于叉指电容传感器的油品电学参数检测系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭玉峰; 赵丽丽; 杨少歌; 周军晓

    2014-01-01

    食用油关系人们身体健康,现有技术不能实现快速方便检测。提出以新型叉指电容传感器为基础,基于介电常数测量原理,采用电容数字转换芯片AD7746,利用I2 C串口协议和微控制器PIC18F452单片机进行通信,实现电容数据的采集和处理,构成一个快捷实时食用油检测系统。首先对常见的食用油进行测量,再依次加地沟油进行测量,最后对不同煎炸时间的食用油测量其中电容变化,得出实验数据。结果发现煎炸时间越长,油中极化分子越多,对健康影响越大。%Edible oil quality is related to people healthy,existing technology can’t realize the convenient and fast de-tection. This paper studied on the basis of the interdigital capacitance sensor,based on the dielectric constant meas-urement principle,useing capacitance AD7746 digital conversion chip which utilizes I2 C serial interface protocol and communicates with micro controller PIC18F452 single chip, achieves capacitance data acquisition and processing,forms a shortcut edible oil detection system in real time. First of all,to measure common cooking oil,then this experiment measure illegal oil in turn. Finally,by having measured the capacitance change of cooking oil with different frying time,we’ve achieved the rapid detection of different quality cooking oil. The results found that the longer of the frying time,the more of the polarized molecules in oil,the greater the impact on health.

  13. Empirically modelled Pc3 activity based on solar wind parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Raita

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available It is known that under certain solar wind (SW/interplanetary magnetic field (IMF conditions (e.g. high SW speed, low cone angle the occurrence of ground-level Pc3–4 pulsations is more likely. In this paper we demonstrate that in the event of anomalously low SW particle density, Pc3 activity is extremely low regardless of otherwise favourable SW speed and cone angle. We re-investigate the SW control of Pc3 pulsation activity through a statistical analysis and two empirical models with emphasis on the influence of SW density on Pc3 activity. We utilise SW and IMF measurements from the OMNI project and ground-based magnetometer measurements from the MM100 array to relate SW and IMF measurements to the occurrence of Pc3 activity. Multiple linear regression and artificial neural network models are used in iterative processes in order to identify sets of SW-based input parameters, which optimally reproduce a set of Pc3 activity data. The inclusion of SW density in the parameter set significantly improves the models. Not only the density itself, but other density related parameters, such as the dynamic pressure of the SW, or the standoff distance of the magnetopause work equally well in the model. The disappearance of Pc3s during low-density events can have at least four reasons according to the existing upstream wave theory: 1. Pausing the ion-cyclotron resonance that generates the upstream ultra low frequency waves in the absence of protons, 2. Weakening of the bow shock that implies less efficient reflection, 3. The SW becomes sub-Alfvénic and hence it is not able to sweep back the waves propagating upstream with the Alfvén-speed, and 4. The increase of the standoff distance of the magnetopause (and of the bow shock. Although the models cannot account for the lack of Pc3s during intervals when the SW density is extremely low, the resulting sets of optimal model inputs support the generation of mid latitude Pc3 activity predominantly through

  14. PMIS: Data Base Design Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiddleman, Richard; Gorman, Michael M.

    1972-01-01

    PMIS is a computer-based planning and management information system for local school districts. This report centers on the PMIS data bases that contain school system data by reviewing the major phases involved in their creation, explaining the factors that caused the unique orientation of the data bases, reviewing the two tasks that comprise the…

  15. Parameter Optimization of Linear Quadratic Controller Based on Genetic Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Jimin; SHANG Chaoxuan; ZOU Minghu

    2007-01-01

    The selection of weighting matrix in design of the linear quadratic optimal controller is an important topic in the control theory. In this paper, an approach based on genetic algorithm is presented for selecting the weighting matrix for the optimal controller. Genetic algorithm is adaptive heuristic search algorithm premised on the evolutionary ideas of natural selection and genetic. In this algorithm, the fitness function is used to evaluate individuals and reproductive success varies with fitness. In the design of the linear quadratic optimal controller, the fitness function has relation to the anticipated step response of the system. Not only can the controller designed by this approach meet the demand of the performance indexes of linear quadratic controller, but also satisfy the anticipated step response of close-loop system. The method possesses a higher calculating efficiency and provides technical support for the optimal controller in engineering application. The simulation of a three-order single-input single-output (SISO) system has demonstrated the feasibility and validity of the approach.

  16. Attractor states, control parameters, and co-adaptation in instructed L2 inferential comprehension: a design-based research study of a critical reading intervention Estados atratores, parâmetros de controle, e co-adaptação no ensino da compreensão inferencial em L2: uma pesquisa design-based de intervenção de leitura crítica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moisés Damián Perales Escudero

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Previous L1 and L2 research on inferential comprehension has tended to follow a quantitative orientation. By contrast, L2 research on critical reading is qualitative and tends to ignore inferences. This paper presents a qualitative, design-based study of a critical reading intervention focused on promoting generative rhetorical inferences and investigating co-adaptation and emergence of new meaning-making capacities. Complexity theory (CT constructs were used to research processes of co-adaptation between the participants' comprehension and the teacher-researcher's understanding of learning and instructional needs. Identification of attractor states and control parameters in classroom discourse were used to explore unpredicted factors influencing the participants' inferential comprehension and further refine the intervention. The results indicate that rhetorical genre knowledge acted as a control parameter driving the students' comprehension to attractor states characterized by implausible inferences, and that this knowledge explains the emergence of pragmatic meaning (rhetorical inferences from semantic meaning. The paper illustrates the usefulness of CT constructs in doing design-based research qualitatively in a manner that informs both theory and practice.As pesquisas anteriores em L1 e L2 sobre compreensão inferencial tendem a uma orientação quantitativa. Por outro lado, a pesquisa sobre leitura crítica em L2 é qualitativa e tende a ignorar as inferências. Este artigo apresenta um estudo qualitativo (design-based research sobre uma intervenção de leitura crítica com foco na promoção de geração de inferências retóricas, investigando a co-adaptação e a emergência de capacidades de produção de novos significados. Os construtos da teoria da complexidade foram usados ??para investigar processos de co-adaptação entre a compreensão de aprendizagem e necessidades instrucionais dos participantes e do professor pesquisador. A

  17. An Extensive Review on Generator Excitation System Modeling, Design, and Parameter Identification

    OpenAIRE

    Wilensky, Robert

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, it is attempted to review different aspects of power generator's excitation system modeling and design. It starts with the introduction of the excitation system. Then, the new proposed methods will be discussed. Afterward, the new aspects of the controllers' components will be discussed. At the end, the system identification methods necessary for determining the controllers' parameters are discussed.

  18. Vertical flow constructed wetlands for domestic wastewater treatment on tropical conditions: effect of several design parameters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bohorquez, Eliana; Paredes, Diego; Arias, Carlos Alberto;

    countries and, specifically in Colombia, design and operation parameters are not defined yet. The objective of this study was evaluate the effects of filter medium, the feeding frequency and Heliconia psittacorum presence, a typical local plant, on the domestic wastewater treatment in tropical conditions....

  19. Adjoint Parameter Sensitivity Analysis for the Hydrodynamic Lattice Boltzmann Method with Applications to Design Optimization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pingen, Georg; Evgrafov, Anton; Maute, Kurt

    2009-01-01

    We present an adjoint parameter sensitivity analysis formulation and solution strategy for the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM). The focus is on design optimization applications, in particular topology optimization. The lattice Boltzmann method is briefly described with an in-depth discussion...

  20. DESIGN AND SIMULATION OF FIBER BRAGG GRATING BASED SENSORS

    OpenAIRE

    MOHAMED M. SALEH; RIADH K. A. Al-ANI; ILHAM K. ONEES

    2014-01-01

    In this paper the temperature and strain sensing principle of FBG based sensors are design & simulated by using Optigrating software. Simulation tools provide valuable help in optimizing the design parameters.From the graphical simulations, it can be concluded that there is a linear relationship between the Bragg wavelength shift and the temperature as well as the strain change. Also different values of grating period due to increasing the value of shifted wavelength.

  1. Design of integration-ready metasurface-based infrared absorbers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ogando, Karim, E-mail: karim@cab.cnea.gov.ar; Pastoriza, Hernán [Laboratorio de Bajas Temperaturas, Instituto Balseiro and Centro Atómico Bariloche, Bariloche 8400 (Argentina)

    2015-07-28

    We introduce an integration ready design of metamaterial infrared absorber, highly compatible with many kinds of fabrication processes. We present the results of an exhaustive experimental characterization, including an analysis of the effects of single meta-atom geometrical parameters and collective arrangement. We confront the results with the theoretical interpretations proposed in the literature. Based on the results, we develop a set of practical design rules for metamaterial absorbers in the infrared region.

  2. User's manual for an aerodynamic optimization scheeme that updates flow variables and design parameters simultaneously

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizk, Magdi H.

    1988-01-01

    This user's manual is presented for an aerodynamic optimization program that updates flow variables and design parameters simultaneously. The program was developed for solving constrained optimization problems in which the objective function and the constraint function are dependent on the solution of the nonlinear flow equations. The program was tested by applying it to the problem of optimizing propeller designs. Some reference to this particular application is therefore made in the manual. However, the optimization scheme is suitable for application to general aerodynamic design problems. A description of the approach used in the optimization scheme is first presented, followed by a description of the use of the program.

  3. Simplified design procedure for base isolation system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takayama, Mineo; Tada, Hideyuki [Fukuoka Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    1995-12-01

    This paper presents a simplified design procedure which incorporates an existing response prediction method for base isolated buildings into design methods for isolation devices (rubber bearings and hysteresis dampers). The procedure enables a designer to easily identify the relationship between tile seismic behavior of base-isolated buildings and the characteristics of isolation devices. The prediction method, proposed by Prof. Akiyama, is based on energy balance between the total input seismic energy and the energy absorbed by the isolation devices. The method is very accurate. The design methods for devices were developed by authors based on experimental and finite element analysis results.

  4. Parameter tuning for the NFFT based fast Ewald summation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franziska Nestler

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The computation of the Coulomb potentials and forces in charged particle systems under 3d-periodic boundary conditionsis possible in an efficient way by utilizing the Ewald summation formulas and applying the fast Fourier transform (FFT. In this paper we consider the particle-particle NFFT (P$^2$NFFT approach, which is based on the fast Fourier transform for nonequispaced data (NFFT and compare the error behaviors regarding different window functions, which are used in order to approximate the given continuous charge distribution by a mesh based charge density. Typically B-splines are applied in the scope of particle mesh methods, as for instance within the well known particle-particle particle-mesh (P$^3$M algorithm. The publicly available P$^2$NFFT algorithm allows the application of an oversampled FFT as well as the usage of different window functions. We consider for the first time also an approximation by Bessel functions and show how the resulting root mean square errors in the forces can be predicted precisely and efficiently. The results show that, if the parameters are tuned appropriately, the Bessel window function is in many cases even the better choice in terms of computational costs. Moreover, the results indicate that it is often advantageous in terms of efficiency to spend some oversampling within the NFFT while using a window function with a smaller support.

  5. Analysis of design parameters and flow characteristics of the vortex valve for SIT flow control

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hwang, Young Dong; Chang, Moon Hee; Kim, Seong O.; Kim, Young In

    1997-01-01

    This study was performed to provide a technical basis for the development of the vortex valve which will be adopted in Korean Advanced Reactor. The influence of nondimensional and geometrical parameters of the vortex valve were investigated by analyzing the flow field of the vortex chamber, and the performance related parameters were evaluated by utilizing of the published experimental and analytical data. Also the level transients of the stand pipe were investigated by using of the simplified analytical model. In order to obtain the more detailed information on the vortex flow field, three dimensional preliminary analyses for the vortex valve design were conducted by FLUENT code. This study were carried out by using the simplified analytical model of the vortex valve and downstream pipe. However, the detailed analysis on the integrated system of the vortex valve with the as built design data and the required operating conditions should be performed to obtain the more accurate results on the vortex valve behavior. Also the experimental study over a wide range of operating conditions to develop the correlation of the design parameters and the performance verification should be performed for the practical design and engineering applications of the vortex valve. The results of this study can be used as a basic information for the development of the vortex valve design for the SIT of Korean Advanced Reactor. (author). 12 refs., 5 tabs., 33 figs.

  6. Concept design theory and model for multi-use space facilities: Analysis of key system design parameters through variance of mission requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynerson, Charles Martin

    This research has been performed to create concept design and economic feasibility data for space business parks. A space business park is a commercially run multi-use space station facility designed for use by a wide variety of customers. Both space hardware and crew are considered as revenue producing payloads. Examples of commercial markets may include biological and materials research, processing, and production, space tourism habitats, and satellite maintenance and resupply depots. This research develops a design methodology and an analytical tool to create feasible preliminary design information for space business parks. The design tool is validated against a number of real facility designs. Appropriate model variables are adjusted to ensure that statistical approximations are valid for subsequent analyses. The tool is used to analyze the effect of various payload requirements on the size, weight and power of the facility. The approach for the analytical tool was to input potential payloads as simple requirements, such as volume, weight, power, crew size, and endurance. In creating the theory, basic principles are used and combined with parametric estimation of data when necessary. Key system parameters are identified for overall system design. Typical ranges for these key parameters are identified based on real human spaceflight systems. To connect the economics to design, a life-cycle cost model is created based upon facility mass. This rough cost model estimates potential return on investments, initial investment requirements and number of years to return on the initial investment. Example cases are analyzed for both performance and cost driven requirements for space hotels, microgravity processing facilities, and multi-use facilities. In combining both engineering and economic models, a design-to-cost methodology is created for more accurately estimating the commercial viability for multiple space business park markets.

  7. Parameter design and performance analysis of zero inertia continuously variable transmission system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡建军; 吉毅; 晏玖江

    2015-01-01

    In order to solve the problem of weak power performance of vehicle equipped with continuously variable transmission (CVT) system working under transient operating conditions, a new CVT equipped with planetary gear mechanism and flywheel was researched, a design method of transmission parameter optimization was proposed, and the comprehensive matching control strategy was established for the new transmission system. Fuzzy controllers for throttle opening and CVT speed ratio were designed, and power performance and fuel economy of both vehicles respectively equipped with conventional CVT system and new transmission system wrere compared and analyzed by simulation. The results show that power performance and fuel economy of the vehicle equipped with new transmission system are better than that equipped with conventional CVT, thus the rationality of the parameter design method and control algorithm are verified.

  8. Two-Port Transmission Line Parameters Approach Modeling and Design Centering of Integrated Continuous-Time Filters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasantha M.H. 1 , Tonse Laxminidhi 2

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Design centering is one of the important process followed for the accurate design of integratedcontinuous time filters where the filter frequency response is tuned to match the ideal in presence of non-idealities such as finite gain of the OTAs/Opamps and parasitics. One of the efficient method adopted is the space-mapping where the filter response is tuned in the ‘model space’ and the results are interpreted in the actual ‘filter space’ resulting in a time efficient process. This method demands the filter to be modeled and state-space approach has been the choice for modeling. This paper proposes a two- port transmission-line parameter based approach for modeling a class of filters. The paper compares the proposed process with that of the conventional state-space method. The demonstration is carried out on a 2ndorder Butterworth low pass Gm-C filter having Cochlea architecture. The filter is designed to operate on a0.5 V supply in 0.18 µm standard CMOS process. The paper brings out the limitations of state-space based approach for accurate modeling in the regime of low voltage design and demonstrates how the proposed two-port parameter based approach can be used for better accuracy

  9. DAKOTA : a multilevel parallel object-oriented framework for design optimization, parameter estimation, uncertainty quantification, and sensitivity analysis.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eldred, Michael Scott; Vigil, Dena M.; Dalbey, Keith R.; Bohnhoff, William J.; Adams, Brian M.; Swiler, Laura Painton; Lefantzi, Sophia (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA); Hough, Patricia Diane (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA); Eddy, John P.

    2011-12-01

    The DAKOTA (Design Analysis Kit for Optimization and Terascale Applications) toolkit provides a flexible and extensible interface between simulation codes and iterative analysis methods. DAKOTA contains algorithms for optimization with gradient and nongradient-based methods; uncertainty quantification with sampling, reliability, and stochastic expansion methods; parameter estimation with nonlinear least squares methods; and sensitivity/variance analysis with design of experiments and parameter study methods. These capabilities may be used on their own or as components within advanced strategies such as surrogate-based optimization, mixed integer nonlinear programming, or optimization under uncertainty. By employing object-oriented design to implement abstractions of the key components required for iterative systems analyses, the DAKOTA toolkit provides a flexible and extensible problem-solving environment for design and performance analysis of computational models on high performance computers. This report serves as a theoretical manual for selected algorithms implemented within the DAKOTA software. It is not intended as a comprehensive theoretical treatment, since a number of existing texts cover general optimization theory, statistical analysis, and other introductory topics. Rather, this manual is intended to summarize a set of DAKOTA-related research publications in the areas of surrogate-based optimization, uncertainty quantification, and optimization under uncertainty that provide the foundation for many of DAKOTA's iterative analysis capabilities.

  10. Experimental design for estimating parameters of rate-limited mass transfer: Analysis of stream tracer studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, B.J.; Harvey, J.W.

    1997-01-01

    Tracer experiments are valuable tools for analyzing the transport characteristics of streams and their interactions with shallow groundwater. The focus of this work is the design of tracer studies in high-gradient stream systems subject to advection, dispersion, groundwater inflow, and exchange between the active channel and zones in surface or subsurface water where flow is stagnant or slow moving. We present a methodology for (1) evaluating and comparing alternative stream tracer experiment designs and (2) identifying those combinations of stream transport properties that pose limitations to parameter estimation and therefore a challenge to tracer test design. The methodology uses the concept of global parameter uncertainty analysis, which couples solute transport simulation with parameter uncertainty analysis in a Monte Carlo framework. Two general conclusions resulted from this work. First, the solute injection and sampling strategy has an important effect on the reliability of transport parameter estimates. We found that constant injection with sampling through concentration rise, plateau, and fall provided considerably more reliable parameter estimates than a pulse injection across the spectrum of transport scenarios likely encountered in high-gradient streams. Second, for a given tracer test design, the uncertainties in mass transfer and storage-zone parameter estimates are strongly dependent on the experimental Damkohler number, DaI, which is a dimensionless combination of the rates of exchange between the stream and storage zones, the stream-water velocity, and the stream reach length of the experiment. Parameter uncertainties are lowest at DaI values on the order of 1.0. When DaI values are much less than 1.0 (owing to high velocity, long exchange timescale, and/or short reach length), parameter uncertainties are high because only a small amount of tracer interacts with storage zones in the reach. For the opposite conditions (DaI >> 1.0), solute exchange

  11. Comparison of Two Novel MRAS Based Strategies for Identifying Parameters in Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kan Liu; Qiao Zhang; Zi-Qiang Zhu; Jing Zhang; An-Wen Shen; Paul Stewart

    2010-01-01

    Two model reference adaptive system(MRAS)estimators are developed for identifying the parameters of permanent magnet synchronous motors(PMSM)based on the Lyapunov stability theorem and the Popov stability criterion,respectively.The proposed estimators only need online measurement of currents,voltages,and rotor speed to effectively estimate stator resistance,inductance,and rotor flux-linkage simultaneously.The performance of the estimators is compared and verified through simulations and experiments,which show that the two estimators are simple,have good robustness against parameter variation,and are accurate in parameter tracking.However,the estimator based on the Popov stability criterion,which can overcome parameter variation in a practical system,is superior in terms of response speed and convergence speed since there are both proportional and integral units in the estimator,in contrast to only one integral unit in the estimator based on the Lyapunov stability theorem.In addition,the estimator based on the Popov stability criterion does not need the expertise that is required in designing a Lyapunov function.

  12. Evolutionary Design of Both Topologies and Parameters of a Hybrid Dynamical System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dupuis, Jean-Francois; Fan, Zhun; Goodman, Erik

    2012-01-01

    This paper investigates the issue of evolutionary design of open-ended plants for hybrid dynamical systems--i.e. both their topologies and parameters. Hybrid bond graphs are used to represent dynamical systems involving both continuous and discrete system dynamics. Genetic programming, with some...... special mechanisms incorporated, is used as a search tool to explore the open-ended design space of hybrid bond graphs. Combination of these two tools--i.e., hybrid bond graphs (HGBs) and genetic programming (GP)--leads to an approach called HBGGP that can automatically generate viable design candidates...... of hybrid dynamical systems that fulfill predefined design specifications. A comprehensive investigation of a case study of DC-DC converter design demonstrates the feasibility and effectiveness of the HBGGP approach. Important characteristics of the approach are also discussed, with some future research...

  13. Controller design for wind turbine load reduction via multiobjective parameter synthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffmann, A. F.; Weiβ, F. A.

    2016-09-01

    During the design process for a wind turbine load reduction controller many different, sometimes conflicting requirements must be fulfilled simultaneously. If the requirements can be expressed as mathematical criteria, such a design problem can be solved by a criterion-vector and multi-objective design optimization. The software environment MOPS (Multi-Objective Parameter Synthesis) supports the engineer for such a design optimization. In this paper MOPS is applied to design a multi-objective load reduction controller for the well-known DTU 10 MW reference wind turbine. A significant reduction in the fatigue criteria especially the blade damage can be reached by the use of an additional Individual Pitch Controller (IPC) and an additional tower damper. This reduction is reached as a trade-off with an increase of actuator load.

  14. PRINCIPLES AND PARAMETER DESIGN FOR AC-DC THREE-DEGREE FREEDOM HYBRID MAGNETIC BEARINGS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Huangqiu; XIE Zhiyi; ZHU Dehong

    2006-01-01

    To simplify the mechanical structure, decrease the overall system size of the 3-degree freedom axial-radial magnetic bearings and reduce the manufacturing costs as well as operating costs,an innovated AC-DC 3-degree freedom hybrid magnetic bearing is proposed, which is driven by a DC amplifier in axial direction and a 3-phase power converter in radial directions respectively, and the axial and radial bias magnetic fluxes are provided with a common radial polarized permanent magnet ring. The principle producing magnetic suspension forces is introduced. By using equivalent magnetic circuit method, the calculation formulas of magnetic suspension forces and the mathematics models of the system are deduced. Nonlinearities of suspension forces and cross coupling between different degree freedoms are studied further by calculating the suspension forces at different displacements and control currents to validate the feasibility of the mathematics model. Then based on the mathematics models of the bearing, a control method of this novel bearing is designed. Lastly, the methods on parameter design and calculations of the bearing are presented, and an applicable prototype is simulated to analyze the magnetic path by using finite element analysis. The theory analysis and simulation results have shown that this magnetic bearing incorporates the merits of 3-phase AC drive, permanent magnet flux biased and axial-radial combined control, and reduces overall system size and has higher efficiency and lower cost. This innovated magnetic bearing has a wide application in super-speed and super-precision numerical control machine tools, bearingless motors, high-speed flywheels, satellites, etc.

  15. Preliminary studies for basic design parameters of an accumulator ring for Indian spallation neutron source

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There is a proposal to build a pulsed spallation neutron source complex in India, driven by a full energy linac followed by a proton accumulator ring (AR) to provide a high average beam power at a spallation target. In this complex, an H- linac will be used as an injector, which will deliver beam pulses of 1-2 ms to the AR. Using a multi-turn charge exchange injection scheme, the pulses will be compressed to ∼ 1 μs in AR. The proton beam will then be further compressed using the RF system of AR to facilitate the firing of the extraction kickers for beam extraction. This extracted proton beam will hit the spallation target to produce the spallation neutrons. This process will repeat with a suitable repetition rate to achieve high average beam power. However, the repetition rate is limited by the constraint of avoiding the frame overlap in time-of-flight experiments. An initial study to fix the base design parameters has been started. In this paper, we discuss some of the basic issues, which decide the choice of the feasible initial parameter space for the proposed AR. We explore the possibility of reducing the required peak beam current from the linac by increasing the injected pulse width in the AR, which will reduce the intensity related effects. In addition, in this configuration required peak RF power will be low and therefore one can even use solid state amplifiers for RF system. Injection of a longer beam pulse into AR will require either a longer circumference AR or higher number of injection turns. We discuss the practical implications of these issues. We also discuss the possible beam power at the target using this configuration (i.e. longer pulse with reduced peak current) at different repetition rate. Considering all these issues, we obtain the possible space of initial parameters for the proposed AR for the spallation neutron source. Finally, we briefly discuss the different choices about the lattice for the AR. (author)

  16. Analysis of design parameters for crosstalk cancellation filters applied to different loudspeaker configurations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Parodi, Yesenia Lacouture

    2008-01-01

    loudspeaker arrangements. Least square approximations in frequency and time domain are evaluated along with a crosstalk canceler based on minimum-phase approximation. Filter parameters, such as length and regularization, are varied and simulated for different span and elevation angles.......Several approaches to render binaural signals through loudspeakers have been proposed previously. Some studies had focused on the optimum loudspeaker arrangement while others had proposed efficient filters. However, to our knowledge, the identification of optimal parameters for inverse methods...

  17. Design Considerations of Structural Parameters in Resonant Tunneling Diode by None-Equilibrium Green Function Method

    OpenAIRE

    M. Charmi; M.H. Yousefi

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents the effects of structural parameters like Quantum well width, barrier width, spacer width, contact width and contact doping, on performance of Resonant Tunneling Diode using full quantum simulation. The simulation is based on a self-consistent solution of the Poisson equation and Schrodinger equation with open boundary conditions, within the non-equilibrium Green’s function formalism. The effects of varying the structural parameters is investigated in terms of the output c...

  18. Challenges to Designing Game-Based Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Thomas Duus

    2014-01-01

    The four categories labelled game-design, didactic design, organisational design and business design each constitute a set of challenges, each requiring a particular set of competencies. The key conclusion of the paper is that even though the learning game design constitutes the core of establish......The four categories labelled game-design, didactic design, organisational design and business design each constitute a set of challenges, each requiring a particular set of competencies. The key conclusion of the paper is that even though the learning game design constitutes the core...... of establishing game based business (GBB), the subsequent stages of development call for other kinds of competencies in order to become a viable GBB....

  19. Reliability based Design of Coastal Structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, H. F.

    2003-01-01

    Conventional design practice for coastal structures is deterministic in nature and is based on the concept of a design load which should not exceed the resistance (carrying capacity) of the structure. The design load is usually defined on a probabilistic basis as a characteristic value of the load...

  20. Turbo码块同步参数优化设计%Optimized Parameter Design for Turbo Code Block Synchronizer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴岭; 张金荣; 刘胜利

    2011-01-01

    Based on research on channel code block synchronization, this paper designs the synchronizer's parameters forthe Turbo code specified in CCSDS recommendation. A set of parameters are acquired for each code block length and coderate to optimize the average time to get locked and data availability, which is calculated with a formula derived in analyticalform. Optimum synchronizer's parameters are selected based on computation and the characteristics of the parameters aresummarized. The synchronizer's parameters are provided for practical engineering reference.%在信道码码块同步技术研究的基础上,针对CCSDS(空间数据系统咨询委员会)建议规定的Turbo码,为不同码块长度、不同编码效率的Turbo码设计一组最佳同步参数,以最优化平均入锁时间和数据有效率.利用理论推导出的解析公式,计算不同参数下的平均入锁时间和数据有效率,从而优选出最佳同步参数,并归纳总结最佳同步参数的特点.本文得到的同步参数可为实际工程提供参考.

  1. Design versus manufacturing data base management requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mckenna, E. G.

    1984-01-01

    Data base management systems are valuable manufacturing and design tools as these disciplines are exceptionally information intensive, requiring precise organization and control of data processing and utilization. One such data base manager is the IPAD* system, which was originally developed to support the design process but was expanded to incorporate the additional needs of manufacturing. To set the stage, an overview of the design and manufacturing process is presented. The different functions of computers in these processes are then discussed. Finally, the design and manufacturing requirements for a data base manager are compared and contrasted.

  2. ERGONOMIC DESIGN RECOMMENDATIONS BASED ON AN ACTUAL CHAINSAW DESIGN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Kaljun

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: To develop high quality products, a designer has to consider various influential factors, one of which is ergonomics. And to fashion a specific product for the user, a designer needs expert knowledge of the user’s requirements. However, expert knowledge can also be accessed through an intelligent advisory system for ergonomic design support. The effectiveness of such an expert system depends mainly on the quality of the knowledge base and on the appropriateness of the system's inference engine. Data for the system’s knowledge base can be collected in different ways. One approach is to study relevant projects to collect appropriate ergonomic solutions; another is to recognise bottlenecks in ergonomic design. This paper presents a case study of the design of an actual chainsaw – with emphasis on ergonomic design solutions – that can be transformed into ergonomic design recommendations. At the end of the paper, an application of one of the derived recommendations within the knowledge base of the intelligent advisory system is presented.

    AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: By die ontwerp van gehaltegoedere moet aandag gegee word aan verskeie faktore soos die Ergonomie. Die produkontwerper moet deeglike kennis dra van die verbruikersbehoeftes. Daarbenewens moet hy liefs ook gebruik maak van ’n intelligente sisteem vir ontwerphulp. Die navorsing is toegespits op datasteun vir ’n kettingsaagontwerp en toon hoe die intelligente sisteem betekenisvolle ondersteuning verleen.

  3. Optimization Design Parameters of Electro-optic Modulators for Low Loss Wide Bandwidth Capability of Optical Communication Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Nabih Zaki Rashed

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The effects of temperature, and operating signal wavelength on high frequency radio frequency transmission characteristics are deeply investigated against various materials based electro optic modulator devices such as lithium Niobate (LiNbO3, polymer, and semiconductor materials. On the other hand, we have developed the optimization of the electro optic modulator parameters where the effective index plays an essential role in the evaluation of the bandwidth structure. The effects of design parameters on the modulating voltage and optical bandwidth are also investigated for different materials based electro optic modulators by using rigorous transmission modeling techniques. The low loss wide bandwidth capability of optoelectronic systems makes them attractive for the transmission and processing of microwave signals, while the development of high capacity optical communication systems has required the use of modulation techniques in optical transmitters and receivers. This paper has presented the low loss wide bandwidth for different electrooptic modulators based on design of optimization parameters for high speed transmission performance.

  4. Case-based Agile Fixture Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    In order to realize the agility of the fixture design, such asreconfigurability, rescalability and reusability, fixture structure is function unit-based decomposed from a fire-new point of view. Which makes it easy for agile fixture to be reconfigured and modified. Thereby, the base of case-based agile fixture design system info is established.Whole case-based agile fixture design model is presented. In which, three modules are added relative to the other models, including case matching of fixture planning module, conflict arbitration module and agile fixture case modify module. The three modules could solve the previous problem that the experience and result are difficult to be reused in the process of design.Two key techniques in the process of the agile fixture design, the evaluation of case similarity, and restriction-based conflict arbitration, are listed. And some methods are presented to evaluate the similarity and clear up the conflict.

  5. Dakota, a multilevel parallel object-oriented framework for design optimization, parameter estimation, uncertainty quantification, and sensitivity analysis :

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adams, Brian M.; Ebeida, Mohamed Salah; Eldred, Michael S.; Jakeman, John Davis; Swiler, Laura Painton; Stephens, John Adam; Vigil, Dena M.; Wildey, Timothy Michael; Bohnhoff, William J.; Eddy, John P.; Hu, Kenneth T.; Dalbey, Keith R.; Bauman, Lara E; Hough, Patricia Diane

    2014-05-01

    The Dakota (Design Analysis Kit for Optimization and Terascale Applications) toolkit provides a exible and extensible interface between simulation codes and iterative analysis methods. Dakota contains algorithms for optimization with gradient and nongradient-based methods; uncertainty quanti cation with sampling, reliability, and stochastic expansion methods; parameter estimation with nonlinear least squares methods; and sensitivity/variance analysis with design of experiments and parameter study methods. These capabilities may be used on their own or as components within advanced strategies such as surrogate-based optimization, mixed integer nonlinear programming, or optimization under uncertainty. By employing object-oriented design to implement abstractions of the key components required for iterative systems analyses, the Dakota toolkit provides a exible and extensible problem-solving environment for design and performance analysis of computational models on high performance computers. This report serves as a user's manual for the Dakota software and provides capability overviews and procedures for software execution, as well as a variety of example studies.

  6. Design of Fusion Safety Data Base

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aoki, Isao; Seki, Yasushi

    1994-03-01

    This report presents a data base architecture with its circumstance which is designed to be used for safety design and analysis studies. Design of Fusion Safety Data Base has been carried out to take into account a great number of published references on operation and control of fusion energy and engineering features to secure safety of fusion devices. Data Base of Fiscal Year 1993 - which has been established over an extended year - realized on PC (Personal Computer) peripherals is reported. The concept of data base architecture with its attributive issues and a manipulating way for users are also shown.

  7. Moving Ship SAR Imaging Based on Parameter Estimation

    OpenAIRE

    Yun Yajiao; Qi Xiangyang; Li Ning

    2016-01-01

    The Doppler parameters of moving targets affect the conventional Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) imaging. In this study, the relation between the motion and Doppler parameters is established. With improved popular technology, a set of moving ship SAR imaging processes is proposed to obtain a focused and rightlocated image. Simulations and experimental data are used to verify the method.

  8. RELIABILITY BASED DESIGN OF A GEAR BOX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.MADHUSEKHAR

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Reliability is the probability that a system, component or device will perform without failure for a specified period of time under specified operating conditions. The concept of reliability is of great importance in the design of various machine members. Conventional engineering design uses a deterministic approach. It disregards the fact that the material properties, the dimensions of the components and the externally applied loads are statistical in nature. In conventional design this uncertainties are covered with a factor of safety, which is not always successful. The growing trend towards reducing uncertainty and increasing reliability is to use the probabilistic approach. In the present work a three shaft four speed gear box and six speed gear box are designed using reliability principles. For the specified reliability of the system (Gear box, component reliability (Gear pair is calculated by considering the system as a series system. Design is considered to be safe and adequate if the probability of failure of gear box is less than or equal to a specified quantity in each of the two failure modes. . All the parameters affecting the design are considered as random variables and all the random variables are assumed to follow normal distribution. A computer program in C++ is developed to calculate the face widths in bending and surface failure modes. The larger one out of the two values is considered. By changing the variations in the design parameters, variations in the face widths are studied.

  9. Human factors engineering design review acceptance criteria for the safety parameter display

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report contains human factors engineering design review acceptance criteria developed by the Human Factors Engineering Branch (HFEB) of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to use in evaluating designs of the Safety Parameter Display System (SPDS). These criteria were developed in response to the functional design criteria for the SPDS defined in NUREG-0696, Functional Criteria for Emergency Response Facilities. The purpose of this report is to identify design review acceptance criteria for the SPDS installed in the control room of a nuclear power plant. Use of computer driven cathode ray tube (CRT) displays is anticipated. General acceptance criteria for displays of plant safety status information by the SPDS are developed. In addition, specific SPDS review criteria corresponding to the SPDS functional criteria specified in NUREG-0696 are established

  10. Human factors engineering design review acceptance criteria for the safety parameter display

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McGevna, V.; Peterson, L.R.

    1981-10-02

    This report contains human factors engineering design review acceptance criteria developed by the Human Factors Engineering Branch (HFEB) of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to use in evaluating designs of the Safety Parameter Display System (SPDS). These criteria were developed in response to the functional design criteria for the SPDS defined in NUREG-0696, Functional Criteria for Emergency Response Facilities. The purpose of this report is to identify design review acceptance criteria for the SPDS installed in the control room of a nuclear power plant. Use of computer driven cathode ray tube (CRT) displays is anticipated. General acceptance criteria for displays of plant safety status information by the SPDS are developed. In addition, specific SPDS review criteria corresponding to the SPDS functional criteria specified in NUREG-0696 are established.

  11. Selection of Weather Parameters for Air-Conditioning System Design for Buildings with Long Thermal Lag

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GE Lian-feng; LEI Ming; CHEN You-ming

    2009-01-01

    Two building factors-a longer thermal lag of more than one hour for building envelops and a lag of indoor radiation to convert into cooling load-have impact on the instantaneous heat input and instantaneous cooling load.So the two factors should be taken into account when selecting the weather parameters for air-con-ditioning system design.This paper developed a new statistic method for the rational selection of coincident solar irradiance,dry-bulb and wet-bulb temperatures.The method was applied to historic weather records of 25 years in Hong Kong to generate coincident design weather data.And the results show that traditional design solar irra-diance,dry-bulb and wet-bulb temperatures may be significantly overestimated in many conditions,and the de-sign weather data for the three different constructions is not kept constant.

  12. Robust parameter design for integrated circuit fabrication procedure with respect to categorical characteristic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sohn, S.Y

    1999-12-01

    We consider a robust parameter design of the process for forming contact windows in complementary metal-oxide semiconductor circuits. Robust design is often used to find the optimal levels of process conditions which would provide the output of consistent quality as close to a target value. In this paper, we analyze the results of the fractional factorial design of nine factors: mask dimension, viscosity, bake temperature, spin speed, bake time, aperture, exposure time, developing time, etch time, where the outcome of the experiment is measured in terms of a categorized window size with five categories. Random effect analysis is employed to model both the mean and variance of categorized window size as functions of some controllable factors as well as random errors. Empirical Bayes' procedures are then utilized to fit both the models, and to eventually find the robust design of CMOS circuit process by means of a Bootstrap resampling approach.

  13. Comparison of maturity based on steroid and vanadyl porphyrin parameters: A new vanadyl porphyrin maturity parameter for higher maturities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sundararaman, Padmanabhan; Moldowan, J. Michael

    1993-03-01

    Correlations are demonstrated between steroid maturity parameters and the porphyrin maturity parameter (PMP) which is based on the ratio of specific vanadyl porphyrins C 28E /(C 28E + C 32D) measured by HPLC. Measurements from a global selection of > 100 rock extracts and oils show that PMP parallels changes in the C 29-sterane 20S/(20S + 20R) and tri/(tri + mono) aromatic steroid ratios, and that all three parameters appear to attain their maximum values at similar maturity levels. The triaromatic steroid side chain cracking parameter, TA I/(I + II), reaches approximately 20% of its maximum value when PMP has reached 100%. These results suggest that PMP is effective in the early to peak portion of the oil window. A new parameter, PMP-2, based on changes in the relative concentrations of two peaks in the HPLC fingerprint (vanadyl "etio" porphyrins), appears effective in assessing the maturity of source rocks beyond peak oil generation. In combination with PMP this parameter extends the effective range of vanadyl porphyrins parameters to higher maturities as demonstrated by a suite of oils from the Oriente Basin, Ecuador, South America.

  14. Study on Design Parameters of Overload Pavement%超载路面设计参数的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚家鑫; 陶波

    2011-01-01

    Overload transportation is serious in Tianjin-Weichang Highway in urban area of Tianjin.Standard axle load 100 kN specified in design specification for pavement verification cannot satisfy the current situation of overload transportation and heavy traffic.Through analysis of early failure of Tianjin-Weichang Highway,based on the observation result with axle load testing equipment, the influence of vehicle overload on pavement design is analyzed and the design parameters applicable for heavy traffic are educed.These design parameters are applied in Tianjin-Weichang pavement design, which has achieved better effect.%天津市区津围公路超载运输现象较严重,按规范中的标准轴载100 kN进行路面结构检算,不能满足超载运输和大交通量的现状.通过对津围公路早期破坏现象的分析,利用轴载检测仪器的观测结果,分析车辆超载对路面设计的影响,导出适用于重载交通的设计参数,并应用于津围路面设计,取得了较好效果.

  15. Inrush Current Simulation of Two Windings Power Transformer using Machine Parameters Estimated by Design Procedure of Winding Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tokunaga, Yoshitaka; Kubota, Kunihiro

    This paper presents estimation techniques of machine parameters for two windings power transformer using design procedure of winding structure. Especially, it is very difficult to obtain machine parameters for transformers in customers' facilities. Using estimation techniques, machine parameters could be calculated from the only nameplate data of these transformers. Subsequently, EMTP-ATP simulation of the inrush current was carried out using machine parameters estimated by design procedure of winding structure and simulation results were reproduced measured waveforms.

  16. Structural control design based on reduced-order observer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Tzu-Jeng; Craig, Roy R., Jr.

    1991-01-01

    An observer-based structural control design method is proposed in this paper. The method is a semi-inverse design procedure in that the control law is not designed before the observer system, but is a result that comes from the observer design. However, the observer design is not completely independent of the control design either, but seeks to yield a control law that is close to a prescribed control law. First, the observer design problem is considered as the reconstruction of a linear function of the state vector. The linear state function to be reconstructed is the given control law. Then, based on the derivation for linear state function observers, the observer design is formulated as a parameter optimization problem. The optimization objective is to generate a matrix that is close to the optimal feedback gain matrix. Based on that matrix, the form of the observer and a new control law can be determined. The semi-inverse design procedure can yield a reduced-order observer with dimension considerably smaller than that of the system. Two examples are used to demonstrate the proposed design procedure.

  17. Optimizing Friction Stir Welding via Statistical Design of Tool Geometry and Process Parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blignault, C.; Hattingh, D. G.; James, M. N.

    2012-06-01

    This article considers optimization procedures for friction stir welding (FSW) in 5083-H321 aluminum alloy, via control of weld process parameters and tool design modifications. It demonstrates the potential utility of the "force footprint" (FF) diagram in providing a real-time graphical user interface (GUI) for process optimization of FSW. Multiple force, torque, and temperature responses were recorded during FS welding using 24 different tool pin geometries, and these data were statistically analyzed to determine the relative influence of a number of combinations of important process and tool geometry parameters on tensile strength. Desirability profile charts are presented, which show the influence of seven key combinations of weld process variables on tensile strength. The model developed in this study allows the weld tensile strength to be predicted for other combinations of tool geometry and process parameters to fall within an average error of 13%. General guidelines for tool profile selection and the likelihood of influencing weld tensile strength are also provided.

  18. CFD based draft tube hydraulic design optimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNabb, J.; Devals, C.; Kyriacou, S. A.; Murry, N.; Mullins, B. F.

    2014-03-01

    The draft tube design of a hydraulic turbine, particularly in low to medium head applications, plays an important role in determining the efficiency and power characteristics of the overall machine, since an important proportion of the available energy, being in kinetic form leaving the runner, needs to be recovered by the draft tube into static head. For large units, these efficiency and power characteristics can equate to large sums of money when considering the anticipated selling price of the energy produced over the machine's life-cycle. This same draft tube design is also a key factor in determining the overall civil costs of the powerhouse, primarily in excavation and concreting, which can amount to similar orders of magnitude as the price of the energy produced. Therefore, there is a need to find the optimum compromise between these two conflicting requirements. In this paper, an elaborate approach is described for dealing with this optimization problem. First, the draft tube's detailed geometry is defined as a function of a comprehensive set of design parameters (about 20 of which a subset is allowed to vary during the optimization process) and are then used in a non-uniform rational B-spline based geometric modeller to fully define the wetted surfaces geometry. Since the performance of the draft tube is largely governed by 3D viscous effects, such as boundary layer separation from the walls and swirling flow characteristics, which in turn governs the portion of the available kinetic energy which will be converted into pressure, a full 3D meshing and Navier-Stokes analysis is performed for each design. What makes this even more challenging is the fact that the inlet velocity distribution to the draft tube is governed by the runner at each of the various operating conditions that are of interest for the exploitation of the powerhouse. In order to determine these inlet conditions, a combined steady-state runner and an initial draft tube analysis, using a

  19. CFD based draft tube hydraulic design optimization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The draft tube design of a hydraulic turbine, particularly in low to medium head applications, plays an important role in determining the efficiency and power characteristics of the overall machine, since an important proportion of the available energy, being in kinetic form leaving the runner, needs to be recovered by the draft tube into static head. For large units, these efficiency and power characteristics can equate to large sums of money when considering the anticipated selling price of the energy produced over the machine's life-cycle. This same draft tube design is also a key factor in determining the overall civil costs of the powerhouse, primarily in excavation and concreting, which can amount to similar orders of magnitude as the price of the energy produced. Therefore, there is a need to find the optimum compromise between these two conflicting requirements. In this paper, an elaborate approach is described for dealing with this optimization problem. First, the draft tube's detailed geometry is defined as a function of a comprehensive set of design parameters (about 20 of which a subset is allowed to vary during the optimization process) and are then used in a non-uniform rational B-spline based geometric modeller to fully define the wetted surfaces geometry. Since the performance of the draft tube is largely governed by 3D viscous effects, such as boundary layer separation from the walls and swirling flow characteristics, which in turn governs the portion of the available kinetic energy which will be converted into pressure, a full 3D meshing and Navier-Stokes analysis is performed for each design. What makes this even more challenging is the fact that the inlet velocity distribution to the draft tube is governed by the runner at each of the various operating conditions that are of interest for the exploitation of the powerhouse. In order to determine these inlet conditions, a combined steady-state runner and an initial draft tube analysis

  20. Optimization of parameters for dye removal by electro- -oxidation using Taguchi Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mani Nandhini

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present investigation is to treat the dye house effluent using electro-oxidation and to analyse the result using Taguchi method. L16 orthogonal array was applied as an experimental design to analyse the results and to determine optimum conditions for acid fast red dye removal from aqueous solution. Various operating parameters were selected to study the electro-oxidation for the colour removal of the effluent. The operating parameter such as dye concentration, reaction time, solution pH and current density were studied and the significance of the variables was analysed using Taguchi method. Taguchi method is suitable for the experimental design and for the optimization of process variables for the dye removal.

  1. Optimal design parameters of the bicycle-rider system for maximal muscle power output.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshihuku, Y; Herzog, W

    1990-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to find the optimal values of design parameters for a bicycle-rider system (crank length, pelvic inclination, seat height, and rate of crank rotation) which maximize the power output from muscles of the human lower limb during bicycling. The human lower limb was modelled as a planar system of five rigid bodies connected by four smooth pin joints and driven by seven functional muscle groups. The muscles were assumed to behave according to an adapted form of Hill's equation. The dependence of the average power on the design parameters was examined. The instantaneous power of each muscle group was studied and simultaneous activity of two seemingly antagonistic muscle groups was analyzed. Average peak power for one full pedal revolution was found to be around 1100 W. The upper body position corresponding to this peak power output was slightly reclined, and the pedalling rate was 155 rpm for a nominal crank length of 170 mm.

  2. Numerical method to determine mechanical parameters of engineering design in rock masses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xue, Ting-He; Xiang, Yi-Qiang; Guo, Fa-Zhong

    2004-07-01

    This paper proposes a new continuity model for engineering in rock masses and a new schematic method for reporting the engineering of rock continuity. This method can be used to evaluate the mechanics of every kind of medium; and is a new way to determine the mechanical parameters used in engineering design in rock masses. In the numerical simulation, the experimental parameters of intact rock were combined with the structural properties of field rock. The experimental results for orthogonally-jointed rock are given. The results included the curves of the stress-strain relationship of some rock masses, the curve of the relationship between the dimension Delta and the uniaxial pressure-resistant strength sc of these rock masses, and pictures of the destructive procedure of some rock masses in uniaxial or triaxial tests, etc. Application of the method to engineering design in rock masses showed the potential of its application to engineering practice.

  3. Numerical method to determine mechanical parameters of engineering design in rock masses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛廷河; 项贻强; 郭发忠

    2004-01-01

    This paper proposes a new continuity model for engineering in rock masses and a new schematic method for reporting the engineering of rock continuity. This method can be used to evaluate the mechanics of every kind of medium;and is a new way to determine the mechanical parameters used in engineering design in rock masses. In the numerical simulation, the experimental parameters of intact rock were combined with the structural properties of field rock. Theexperimental results for orthogonally-jointed rock are given. The results included the curves of the stress-strain relationship of some rock masses, the curve of the relationship between the dimension Δ and the uniaxial pressure-resistant strength σc of these rock masses, and pictures of the destructive procedure of some rock masses in uniaxial or triaxial tests, etc. Application of the method to engineering design in rock masses showed the potential of its application to engineering practice.

  4. Experimental and numerical analysis for optimal design parameters of a falling film evaporator

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    RAJNEESH KAUSHAL; RAJ KUMAR; GAURAV VATS

    2016-06-01

    Present study exhibits an experimental examination of mass transfer coefficient and evaporative effectiveness of a falling film evaporator. Further, a statistical replica is extended in order to have optimal controlling parameters viz. non-dimensional enthalpy potential, film Reynolds number of cooling water, Reynolds number of air and relative humidity of up-streaming air. The models not only give an optimal solution but also help in establishing a correlation among controlling parameters. In this context, response surface methodology is employed by aid of design of experiment approach. Later, the response surface curves are studied using ANOVA. Finally, the relations established are confirmed experimentally to validate the models. The relations thus established are beneficent in furtherance of designing evaporators. Additionally, the presentstudy is among the first attempts to reveal the effect of humidity on the performance of falling film evaporator.

  5. MTJ based MRAM System Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tehrani, Saied

    2001-03-01

    Magnetoresistive Random Access Memory (MRAM) is based on magnetic memory elements integrated with CMOS. Key attributes of MRAM technology are nonvolatility and unlimited read and write endurance. MRAM has the potential for high speed, low operating voltage, and high density solid state memory. Our bit architecture is based on a minimum sized active transistor as the isolation device in conjunction with a magnetic tunnel junction element (MTJ) to define the MRAM bit. Our MTJ material stack is composed of two magnetic layers separated by a thin dielectric barrier and a mechanism to pin the polarization of one of the magnetic layers in a fixed direction. The resistance of the memory bit is either low or high dependent on the relative polarization, parallel or anti-parallel, of the free layer with respect to the pinned layer. In this talk we will summarize our progress on Magnetoresistive Random Access Memory (MRAM) based on Magnetic Tunnel Junctions (MTJ). We have demonstrated MTJ material in the 1-1000 kohms-um2 range with MR values above 40mainly governed by the magnetic shape anisotropy that arises from the element boundaries. The switching repeatability, as well as hard axis selectability, are shown to be dependent on both shape and aspect ratio. The MRAM module is inserted in the back-end-of-line (BEOL) interconnect using four additional lithography steps. The source and isolation are shared between neighboring cells to minimize cell area. In this particular architecture, the cell size is 7.2um2, corresponding to 9f2, where f is one-half the metal pitch. Results of 256kb MRAM memory based on integration of MTJ and CMOS will be discussed. The memory cell is a 1T1MTJ, which consists of one transistor and one Magnetic Tunnel Junction, and the organization of the memory is 16kx16. Nonvolatile data storage and read cycle times of less than 50ns have been demonstrated. Read power consumption at 3.0V and 20MHz is about 24mW.This performance is very encouraging for a 0

  6. Listeners' expectation of room acoustical parameters based on visual cues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valente, Daniel L.

    . The addressed visual makeup of the performer included: (1) an actual video of the performance, (2) a surrogate image of the performance, for example a loudspeaker's image reproducing the performance, (3) no visual image of the performance (empty room), or (4) a multi-source visual stimulus (actual video of the performance coupled with two images of loudspeakers positioned to the left and right of the performer). For this experiment, perceived auditory events of sound were measured in terms of two subjective spatial metrics: Listener Envelopment (LEV) and Apparent Source Width (ASW) These metrics were hypothesized to be dependent on the visual imagery of the presented performance. Data was also collected by participants matching direct and reverberant sound levels for the presented audio-visual scenes. In the final experiment, participants judged spatial expectations of an ensemble of musicians presented in the five physical spaces from Experiment 1. Supporting data was accumulated in two stages. First, participants were given an audio-visual matching test, in which they were instructed to align the auditory width of a performing ensemble to a varying set of audio and visual cues. In the second stage, a conjoint analysis design paradigm was explored to extrapolate the relative magnitude of explored audio-visual factors in affecting three assessed response criteria: Congruency (the perceived match-up of the auditory and visual cues in the assessed performance), ASW and LEV. Results show that both auditory and visual factors affect the collected responses, and that the two sensory modalities coincide in distinct interactions. This study reveals participant resiliency in the presence of forced auditory-visual mismatch: Participants are able to adjust the acoustic component of the cross-modal environment in a statistically similar way despite randomized starting values for the monitored parameters. Subjective results of the experiments are presented along with objective

  7. Design and verification of thermomechanical parameters of P/M Ti6Al4V alloy forging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wojtaszek, Marek, E-mail: mwojtasz@metal.agh.edu.pl; Śleboda, Tomasz

    2014-12-05

    Highlights: • Thermomechanical parameters of P/M Ti6Al4V alloy processing were determined. • The use of the mixture of elemental powders allows reducing manufacturing costs. • Numerical modelling allowed to elaborate favourable parameters of forging. • The industrial trials of hot forging of P/M Ti6Al4V alloy were successful. - Abstract: This work is focused on the design of technology of forging high-quality Ti6Al4V alloy by means of powder metallurgy methods. A mixture of elemental powders, with the chemical composition of that of Ti6Al4V alloy, was used as a starting material for the investigation. Powder mixtures were fully densified by hot compaction under precisely controlled conditions. The mechanical properties of the obtained compacts were examined. The mechanical behaviour of the investigated alloy powder compacts was evaluated by compression test under various thermomechanical conditions using Gleeble simulator. The microstructure of powder compacts as well as P/M alloy samples deformed in compression tests was examined. All data obtained from the experimental tests were applied as boundary conditions for numerical simulation of forging of selected forgings. Basing on the results of both plastometric tests and simulations, thermomechanical parameters of the investigated alloy forging were determined. Designed parameters of forging technology were verified by forging trials performed in industrial conditions. The quality of the obtained forgings was examined by means of computed tomography.

  8. 霍尔器件参数测试系统%Design of Hall Sensor Parameters Measuring System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艳清; 李勇滔; 夏洋; 李超波; 张东

    2011-01-01

    提出了一种基于微控制器的霍尔器件参数测试系统设计方案.描述了总体设计方案,并详细介绍了硬件部分的可调电压源和数据采集部分.给出了系统软件设计思想及部分参数的测试结果.该霍尔器件参数测试系统可以快速准确地测量霍尔器件的各项电参数和磁参数,并且具有测试和筛选功能,操作界面友好,使用方便.%A novel scheme for hall sensor parameters measuring system based on micro-controller is proposed. Firstly, the overall design scheme is depicted, and then hardware portion of measuring system which consists of adjustable voltage source and data acquisition part is described in details. Finally,the system software design and some test results are presented. The hall sensor parameters measuring system can measure electrical parameters and magnetic parameters of the hall sensor quickly and accurately, and its functions include testing and selecting. The system interface is convenient to use.

  9. Optimization Of Blasting Design Parameters On Open Pit Bench A Case Study Of Nchanga Open Pits

    OpenAIRE

    Victor Mwango Bowa

    2015-01-01

    Abstract In hard rock mining blasting is the most productive excavation technique applied to fragment insitu rock to the required size for efficient loading and crushing. In order to blast the insitu rock to the desired fragment size blast design parameter such as bench height hole diameter spacing burden hole length bottom charge specific charge and rock factor are considered. The research was carried out as a practical method on Nchanga Open Pits NOP ore Bench to optimize the blasting desig...

  10. INVESTIGATION ON VARIOUS DESIGN PARAMETERS WHICH AFFECT THE BANDGAP OF TWO DIMENSIONAL PHOTONIC CRYSTAL STRUCTURE

    OpenAIRE

    Anila Dhingra*, K. C. Roy, Govind Kumar

    2016-01-01

    An emerging element in optical fiber communication, 2D Photonic Crystal is an artificial periodic structure having a bandgap which shows a prohibition of a range of wavelengths to pass away through it. Various design parameters which affect the bandgap of 2D photonic crystal structure such as lattice structure, shape of rods, r/a ratio, dielectric constant etc. are studied in this paper. The Plane Wave Expansion (PWE) method is used to calculate the bandgap structure of two dimensional photon...

  11. Optimization of the Effective Parameters on Hydraulic Fracturing Designing in an Iranian Sand Stone Reservoir

    OpenAIRE

    Reza Masoomi; Iniko Bassey; Dolgow Sergie Viktorovich

    2015-01-01

    Hydraulic fracturing operation is one of the key technologies in order to stimulate oil and gas wells in sand stone reservoirs. Field data relating to the hydraulic fracturing operation are mostly available as pressure-time curves. The optimization of the hydraulic fracturing parameters is not possible with only this information. So the designing and controlling the development process of hydraulic fracturing are possible only with rely on complex mathematical and numerical models. The aim of...

  12. 基于GA-BP混合算法的液固挤压工艺组合参数逆向设计%Reversing design on combined parameters of liquid-solid extrusion process based on the predictive model using hybrid GA-BP algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏力争; 齐乐华; 周计明; 王振军; 李贺军

    2009-01-01

    为改善液周挤压复合材料成形过程中金属的流动均匀性,减少制件的内部损伤缺陷,基于人工神经网络及遗传算法,采用改进的混合GA-BP算法建立了设计参数与控制目标的非线性映射关系.通过对样本集的学习,初步建立了液固挤压工艺组合参数知识库,将网络预测值与实验值进行对比,其最大相对误差不超过0.79%,说明采用GA-BP混合算法建立的预测模型具有较高的预测精度.利用所建立的预测模型,分析了模具参数和工艺参数组合对制件变形均匀性的耦合作用,为液固挤压工艺的综合设计与优化提供了理论依据.%In order to control deformation uniformity of composite in the forming process of liquid-solid extrusion and reduce inner damaging defects of products. Based on artificial neural network (ANN) technique and genetic algorithm (GA), the nonlinear mapping relation between design variables and objective function was proposed and established by the modified GA-BP algorithm. The simulation results of FEM called virtual samples were selected as the network's training samples. By training the sample, the knowledge base of the muti-parameters for the liquid-solid extrusion was set up. Comparing with the experimental results, the largest relative error between the actual output value of the network and the experimental data is 0. 79 percent It proves that the forecast model established using GA-BP hybrid algorithm has a higher accuracy. The influences of main process parameters and structures parameters had been studied on the deformation uniformity using the predictive function of the model. They are good instructions for the design and optimization of the liquid-solid extruding composites process.

  13. Parameters Identification of Fluxgate Magnetic Core Adopting the Biogeography-Based Optimization Algorithm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Wenjuan; Shi, Yunbo; Zhao, Wenjie; Wang, Xiangxin

    2016-01-01

    The main part of the magnetic fluxgate sensor is the magnetic core, the hysteresis characteristic of which affects the performance of the sensor. When the fluxgate sensors are modelled for design purposes, an accurate model of hysteresis characteristic of the cores is necessary to achieve good agreement between modelled and experimental data. The Jiles-Atherton model is simple and can reflect the hysteresis properties of the magnetic material precisely, which makes it widely used in hysteresis modelling and simulation of ferromagnetic materials. However, in practice, it is difficult to determine the parameters accurately owing to the sensitivity of the parameters. In this paper, the Biogeography-Based Optimization (BBO) algorithm is applied to identify the Jiles-Atherton model parameters. To enhance the performances of the BBO algorithm such as global search capability, search accuracy and convergence rate, an improved Biogeography-Based Optimization (IBBO) algorithm is put forward by using Arnold map and mutation strategy of Differential Evolution (DE) algorithm. Simulation results show that IBBO algorithm is superior to Genetic Algorithm (GA), Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm, Differential Evolution algorithm and BBO algorithm in identification accuracy and convergence rate. The IBBO algorithm is applied to identify Jiles-Atherton model parameters of selected permalloy. The simulation hysteresis loop is in high agreement with experimental data. Using permalloy as core of fluxgate probe, the simulation output is consistent with experimental output. The IBBO algorithm can identify the parameters of Jiles-Atherton model accurately, which provides a basis for the precise analysis and design of instruments and equipment with magnetic core. PMID:27347974

  14. A Copula-Based Method for Estimating Shear Strength Parameters of Rock Mass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Da Huang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The shear strength parameters (i.e., the internal friction coefficient f and cohesion c are very important in rock engineering, especially for the stability analysis and reinforcement design of slopes and underground caverns. In this paper, a probabilistic method, Copula-based method, is proposed for estimating the shear strength parameters of rock mass. The optimal Copula functions between rock mass quality Q and f, Q and c for the marbles are established based on the correlation analyses of the results of 12 sets of in situ tests in the exploration adits of Jinping I-Stage Hydropower Station. Although the Copula functions are derived from the in situ tests for the marbles, they can be extended to be applied to other types of rock mass with similar geological and mechanical properties. For another 9 sets of in situ tests as an extensional application, by comparison with the results from Hoek-Brown criterion, the estimated values of f and c from the Copula-based method achieve better accuracy. Therefore, the proposed Copula-based method is an effective tool in estimating rock strength parameters.

  15. Application of Factorial Design for Gas Parameter Optimization in CO2 Laser Welding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gong, Hui; Dragsted, Birgitte; Olsen, Flemming Ove

    1997-01-01

    . The bead-on-plate welding specimens are evaluated by a number of quality char-acteristics, such as the penetration depth and the seam width. The significance of the gas pa-rameters and their interactions are based on the data found by the Analysis of Variance-ANOVA. This statistic methodology is proven...

  16. Automatic Parameters Selection for SVM Based on PSO

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Mingfeng; ZHU Yinghua; ZHENG Xu; LIU Yu

    2007-01-01

    Motivated by the fact that automatic parameters selection for Support Vector Machine (SVM) is an important issue to make SVM practically useful and the common used Leave-One-Out (LOO) method is complex calculation and time consuming,an effective strategy for automatic parameters selection for SVM is proposed by using the Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) in this paper.Simulation results of practice data model demonstrate the effectiveness and high efficiency of the proposed approach.

  17. 消能减震结构的试算设计方法%Trying-Parameter Design Procedure of Seismic Design with Supplemental Energy Dissipation Devices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑久建; 唐曹明; 刘雪

    2011-01-01

    To determine the locations and parameters of the added dampers is the key issue of seismic design with supplemental energy dissipation devices. Based on the characteristics of damper parameters and the sequential optimization strategy, this paper proposes a trying-parameter design procedure to design a damper-added structure. This procedure can quickly determine the damper locations, the number, the viscous damping coefficient and the speed exponent of viscous dampers. An example shows that this procedure is simple and effective, also easy to grasp.%在结构中如何确定阻尼器位置及相关参数是消能减震结构设计的关键问题.本文在仔细分析阻尼器参数特性的基础上,结合"择层设计"思想,提出了一种设置阻尼器消能减震的试算设计方法.如对于粘滞阻尼器,采用该方法可以快速确定阻尼器的位置、个数、粘滞阻尼系数和速度指数.计算实例表明,该方法简便有效,容易掌握.

  18. Using CFD to Establish a Correlation between Design Parameters and Performance Characteristics for Seat valves

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, T. O.; Hansen, M. R.; Sørensen, H. L.;

    2003-01-01

    This paper describes experimental and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analyses of the flow and flow force characteristics in hydraulic seat valves. The flow force compensation method were investigated based on balancing the axial fluid momentum by designing a rim on the rear edge of the poppet....... There are many results of steady state characteristics of these valve designs, but mostly based on analyses of the flow force behaviour in order to optimise the performance of a certain design in a specific operating range. Here the aim is to establish a correlation between the overall flow field...... and the internal valve geometry in order to have a more general design tool. The results are some general design rules for flow and flow force coefficients expressed as functions of Reynolds number and valve geometry....

  19. Controller parameter tuning of delta robot based on servo identification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Qing; Wang, Panfeng; Mei, Jiangping

    2015-03-01

    High-speed pick-and-place parallel robot is a system where the inertia imposed on the motor shafts is real-time changing with the system configurations. High quality of computer control with proper controller parameters is conducive to overcoming this problem and has a significant effect on reducing the robot's tracking error. By taking Delta robot as an example, a method for parameter tuning of the fixed gain motion controller is presented. Having identifying the parameters of the servo system in the frequency domain by the sinusoidal excitation, the PD+feedforward control strategy is proposed to adapt to the varying inertia loads, allowing the controller parameters to be tuned by minimizing the mean square tracking error along a typical trajectory. A set of optimum parameters is obtained through computer simulations and the effectiveness of the proposed approach is validated by experiments on a real prototype machine. Let the traveling plate undergoes a specific trajectory and the results show that the tracking error can be reduced by at least 50% in comparison with the conventional auto-tuning and Z-N methods. The proposed approach is a whole workspace optimization and can be applied to the parameter tuning of fixed gain motion controllers.

  20. Controller Parameter Tuning of Delta Robot Based on Servo Identification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Qing; WANG Panfeng; MEI Jiangping

    2015-01-01

    High-speed pick-and-place parallel robot is a system where the inertia imposed on the motor shafts is real-time changing with the system configurations. High quality of computer control with proper controller parameters is conducive to overcoming this problem and has a significant effect on reducing the robot’s tracking error. By taking Delta robot as an example, a method for parameter tuning of the fixed gain motion controller is presented. Having identifying the parameters of the servo system in the frequency domain by the sinusoidal excitation, the PD+feedforward control strategy is proposed to adapt to the varying inertia loads, allowing the controller parameters to be tuned by minimizing the mean square tracking error along a typical trajectory. A set of optimum parameters is obtained through computer simulations and the effectiveness of the proposed approach is validated by experiments on a real prototype machine. Let the traveling plate undergoes a specific trajectory and the results show that the tracking error can be reduced by at least 50%in comparison with the conventional auto-tuning and Z-N methods. The proposed approach is a whole workspace optimization and can be applied to the parameter tuning of fixed gain motion controllers.

  1. Rationale for reduced tornado design bases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper provides a rationale for relaxing the present NRC tornado design requirements, which are based on a design basis tornado (DBT) whose frequency of exceedance is 10-7 per year. It is proposed that a reduced DBT frequency of 10-5 to 10-6 per year is acceptable. This change in the tornado design bases for LMFBRs (and possibly all types of nuclear plants) is justified based on (1) existing NRC regulations and guidelines, (2) probabilistic arguments, (3) consistency with NRC trial safety goals, and (4) cost-benefit analysis

  2. Optimization of EDM Process Parameters on Titanium Super Alloys Based on the Grey Relational Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Laxman, Dr. K. Guru Raj

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Electrical discharge machining (EDM is a unconventional machining process for the machining of complex shapes and hard materials that are difficult of machining by conventional machining process. In this paper deals with the optimization of EDM process parameters using the grey relational analysis (GRA based on an orthogonal array for the multi response process. The experiments are conducted on Titanium super alloys with copper electrode based on the Taguchi design of experiments L27 orthogonal array by choosing various parameters such as peak current, pulse on time, pulse off time and tool lift time for EDM process to obtain multiple process responses namely Metal removal rate (MRR and Tool Wear Rate (TWR. The combination of Taguchi method with GRA enables to determine the optimal parameters for multiple response process. Gray relational analysis is used to obtain a performance index called gray relational grade to optimize the EDM process with higher MRR and lower TWR and it is clearly found that the performance of the EDM has greatly increased by optimizing the responses the influence of individual machining parameters also investigated by using analysis of variance for the grey relational grade.

  3. Inductive Powering of Subcutaneous Stimulators: Key Parameters and Their Impact on the Design Methodology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godfraind, Carmen; Debelle, Adrien; Lonys, Laurent; Acuña, Vicente; Doguet, Pascal; Nonclercq, Antoine

    2016-01-01

    Inductive powering of implantable medical devices involves numerous factors acting on the system efficiency and safety in adversarial ways. This paper lightens up their role and identifies a procedure enabling the system design. The latter enables the problem to be decoupled into four principal steps: the frequency choice, the magnetic link optimization, the secondary circuit and then finally the primary circuit designs. The methodology has been tested for the powering system of a device requirering a power of 300mW and implanted at a distance of 15 to 30mm from the outside power source. It allowed the identification of the most critical parameters. A satisfying efficiency of 34% was reached at 21mm and tend to validate the proposed design procedure. PMID:27478572

  4. Method for a human based design process

    OpenAIRE

    Van Herck, Tine

    2013-01-01

    We are developing a method for a human based design process. This means a design method that enables to improve the social relevance of projects. It can be applied to projects of different scale : from interior architecture to landscape strategies. What should be the attitude of a designer in today's society where all certainties threaten to disappear? How to contribute something small to society in order to create a stronger tissue, a safety net, a solid found...

  5. 基于空间矢量脉宽调制的三电平逆变器滤波器参数设计%Parameter design of LCL filter for three-level converter based on space vector pulse width modulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国荣; 李讯; 周同路

    2014-01-01

    The neutral-point-clamped (NPC) three-level inverter is used more and more in the grid-connected renewable energy generation system. In order to achieve the lower current harmonic, an LCL filter is also widely utilized due to its superior filtering performance. The LCL filter has the advantages of a high-frequency stopband with good performance and low-frequency compensation ability, but the parameters of LCL are hard to design. Especially the different modulation methods between three-level and two-level inverters, and the different ripple current, all these factors lead to a more difficult design of the parameters. The key of LCL design is the arm-side inductance design, due to the fact that an improper design of arm-side inductance will conduct to a completely different ripple current of the inverter, power loss of the filter components, and larger stress switch stress, thus resulting in poor performance of output current. Moreover, the control of the inverter will be affected. In the design of arm-side inductance, the most important thing is to strike a maximum ripple current. On the basis of establishing the mathematical model of a three-level grid-connected inverter, this paper takes output current control under the unity power factor into consideration, combining with the characters of space vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM) to reach the arm-side ripple current’s variation regularity. The maximum ripple current could be obtained at the peak of a grid side current based on this research. There will always be three latest vectors for the synthesis of the reference vector in accordance with the principle of the Nearest Three Vectors (NTV). In addition, seven-segment modulation on the action time allocation of each vector was applied. Considering the worst case, the value of max ripple current can be obtained when the middle vector was neglected , coupled with the engineering demand for ripple current, and upper limits of arm-side inductance can be given

  6. Advances in Design-Based Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Svihla, Vanessa

    2014-01-01

    Design-based research (DBR) is a core methodology of the Learning Sciences. Historically rooted as a movement away from the methods of experimental psychology, it is a means to develop "humble" theory that takes into account numerous contextual effects for understanding how and why a design supported learning. DBR involves iterative…

  7. Web-Based Learning Design Tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruno, F. B.; Silva, T. L. K.; Silva, R. P.; Teixeira, F. G.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to propose a web-based tool that enables the development and provision of learning designs and its reuse and re-contextualization as generative learning objects, aimed at developing educational materials. Design/methodology/approach: The use of learning objects can facilitate the process of production and…

  8. Design of RTU based on LPC2294

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>The remote terminal unit(RTU)is an important part of the power grid dispatching automation in the distribution automation(SCADA).The design of LPC2294 RTU based on ARM7TDMI(-S)chip has been discussed. The hardware and software design of 2294 has been introduced in detail.

  9. Study on Case-Based Fixture Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Fixture is an important manufacturing activity. A fixture design system based on case-based reasoning (CBR) is proposed in this paper. A new method of case representation on the basis of fixture function is presented, where the case representation is constituted of workpiece knowledge, processing feature knowledge, and fixture feature knowledge. Running the prototype system shows that the knowledge representation method, using cases, is a better way to transform and explain the design knowledge.

  10. Large Cable-Net with Truss Deployable Sattelite Anetnna Design Oriented Comprehensive Software Program With Parameter Modeling and Data Base%大型星载索网-桁架式可展开天线综合设计平台与数字化建模

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝佳; 段宝岩; 李团结; 李申

    2015-01-01

    Considering the characteristics of the structure design of satellite deployable antennas made up of cable-net with truss, the system architecture and basic functions of a comprehensive design oriented computer software program are ex-pounded systematically in this par. The overall unit digital modeling and data base module of this kind of antenna ( As-tromesh, Radial rib and Truss) have been developed. The hiberarchy of overall unit design is established and the method of abstracting and categorizing are proposed to solve the difficulty of the antenna CAD/CAE integration modeling. The devel-oped program is composed of parameter modeling, data base, cable net form funding, dynamic optimization with both states of deployed and stowed ones, thermo analysis, multi-flexible body dynamic analysis and deployable control, reliability anal-ysis, electronic performance analysis, measuring and the cable-net-reflector precision adjustment. This manuscript will mainly introduce three part of the program, such as the overall skeleton, parameter modeling and data base. This program has been applied in some practical deployable satellite antenna design with good results, which show the ability of aided in-novation design, decreasing research cost and increasing both performances of electronic and structural aspects.%针对大型索网———桁架式星载可展开天线的特点,文章较为系统地阐述了综合设计软件平台的整体架构与基本功能。研发了该类天线( Astromesh、径向肋及构架式等3种)的整机数字化造型与数据库模块。建立了整机数字化设计的层次结构,提出了抽象和分类方法,解决了该类天线CAD/CAE集成建模的难点。研制了包括快速数字化建模、数据库、找形找态分析、收拢与展开两态动力优化、热分析、多柔体展开动力学分析、展开可靠性分析、电性能分析、网面精度调整等模块在内的大型索网———桁架式

  11. Design and parameter estimation of hybrid magnetic bearings for blood pump applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Tau Meng; Zhang, Dongsheng; Yang, Juanjuan; Cheng, Shanbao; Low, Sze Hsien; Chua, Leok Poh; Wu, Xiaowei

    2009-10-01

    This paper discusses the design and parameter estimation of the dynamics characteristics of a high-speed hybrid magnetic bearings (HMBs) system for axial flow blood pump applications. The rotor/impeller of the pump is driven by a three-phase permanent magnet (PM) brushless and sensorless DC motor. It is levitated by two HMBs at both ends in five-degree-of-freedom with proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controllers; among which four radial directions are actively controlled and one axial direction is passively controlled. Test results show that the rotor can be stably supported to speeds of 14,000 rpm. The frequency domain parameter estimation technique with statistical analysis is adopted to validate the stiffness and damping coefficients of the HMBs system. A specially designed test rig facilitated the estimation of the bearing's coefficients in air—in both the radial and axial directions. The radial stiffness of the HMBs is compared to the Ansoft's Maxwell 2D/3D finite element magnetostatic results. Experimental estimation showed that the dynamics characteristics of the HMBs system are dominated by the frequency-dependent stiffness coefficients. The actuator gain was also successfully calibrated and may potentially extend the parameter estimation technique developed in the study of identification and monitoring of the pump's dynamics properties under normal operating conditions with fluid.

  12. Sensitivity analysis of soil parameters based on interval

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Interval analysis is a new uncertainty analysis method for engineering struc-tures. In this paper, a new sensitivity analysis method is presented by introducing interval analysis which can expand applications of the interval analysis method. The interval anal-ysis process of sensitivity factor matrix of soil parameters is given. A method of parameter intervals and decision-making target intervals is given according to the interval analysis method. With FEM, secondary developments are done for Marc and the Duncan-Chang nonlinear elastic model. Mutual transfer between FORTRAN and Marc is implemented. With practial examples, rationality and feasibility are validated. Comparison is made with some published results.

  13. SHORT FATIGUE CRACK PARAMETER BASED ON THE TOTAL CRACK AREA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Z.X.Wu; X.C.Wu

    2001-01-01

    The progressive fatigue damage of a material is closely related to the whole populationof cracks on the surface of an un-notched specimen.In order to understand whichparameter is a more useful indicator of fatigue damage,rotatory bending fatigue testswere carried out using smooth specimens of medium-carbon steel.The behavior ofshort crack propagation during fatigue was examined and a new parameter "totalcrack area" was suggested.The aim of this paper is to extend the research on fatiguedamage in the already studied steel and to study how these damage parameters arecorrelated with the process of fatigue damage in order to evaluate the effectiveness ofdamage detection methods.

  14. X-Parameter Based Modelling of Polar Modulated Power Amplifiers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Yelin; Nielsen, Troels Studsgaard; Sira, Daniel;

    2013-01-01

    X-parameters are developed as an extension of S-parameters capable of modelling non-linear devices driven by large signals. They are suitable for devices having only radio frequency (RF) and DC ports. In a polar power amplifier (PA), phase and envelope of the input modulated signal are applied at...... PA for simulations. The simulated error vector magnitude (EVM) and adjacent channel power ratio (ACPR) were compared with the measured data to validate the model. The maximum differences between the simulated and measured EVM and ACPR are less than 2% point and 3 dB, respectively....

  15. A Muon Source Proton Driver at JPARC-based Parameters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neuffer, David [Fermilab

    2016-06-01

    An "ultimate" high intensity proton source for neutrino factories and/or muon colliders was projected to be a ~4 MW multi-GeV proton source providing short, intense proton pulses at ~15 Hz. The JPARC ~1 MW accelerators provide beam at parameters that in many respects overlap these goals. Proton pulses from the JPARC Main Ring can readily meet the pulsed intensity goals. We explore these parameters, describing the overlap and consider extensions that may take a JPARC-like facility toward this "ultimate" source. JPARC itself could serve as a stage 1 source for such a facility.

  16. Dasy Based Tool for The Design of Ice Mechanisms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tichánek Radek

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a tool for designing new mechanisms of internal combustion engines based on the DASY knowledge database. An OHC valve train has been chosen for developing and testing the presented tool. The tool includes both a kinematic and dynamic model connected to a crank train. Values of unknown parameters have been obtained using detailed calibration and consequent validation of three dynamic models with measured data. The values remain stored in DASY and many of them can be used directly to design new mechanisms, even in cases where the geometries of some parts are different. The paper presents three methods which have been used not only for the calibration, but also for the identification of the influence of unknown parameters on valve acceleration and its vibration. The tool has been used to design the cam shapes for a prototype of the new mechanism.

  17. Norm based design of fault detectors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rank, Mike Lind; Niemann, Hans Henrik

    1999-01-01

    The design of fault detectors for fault detection and isolation (FDI) in dynamic systems is considered in this paper from a norm based point of view. An analysis of norm based threshold selection is given based on different formulations of FDI problems. Both the nominal FDI problem as well as the...... uncertain FDI problem is considered. With reference to this analysis, a performance index based on norms of the involved transfer functions is given. A method for designing FDI filters which will minimize the performance index is also given....

  18. Design Considerations of Structural Parameters in Resonant Tunneling Diode by None-Equilibrium Green Function Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Charmi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the effects of structural parameters like Quantum well width, barrier width, spacer width, contact width and contact doping, on performance of Resonant Tunneling Diode using full quantum simulation. The simulation is based on a self-consistent solution of the Poisson equation and Schrodinger equation with open boundary conditions, within the non-equilibrium Green’s function formalism. The effects of varying the structural parameters is investigated in terms of the output current, peak current, valley current, peak to valley current ratio and the voltage associated with the peak current. Simulation results illustrate that the device performance can be improved by proper selection of the structural parameters.

  19. The optimal parameter design for a welding unit of manufacturing industry by Taguchi method and computer simulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Mojib Zahraee

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Manufacturing systems include a complicated combination of resources, such as materials, labors, and machines. Hence, when the manufacturing systems are faced with a problem related to the availability of resources it is difficult to identify the root of the problem accurately and effectively. Managers and engineers in companies are trying to achieve a robust production line based on the maximum productivity. The main goal of this paper is to design a robust production line, taking productivity into account in the selected manufacturing industry. Design/methodology/approach: This paper presents the application of Taguchi method along with computer simulation for finding an optimum factor setting for three controllable factors, which are a number of welding machines, hydraulic machines, and cutting machines by analyzing the effect of noise factors in a selected manufacturing industry. Findings and Originality/value: Based on the final results, the optimal design parameter of welding unit of in the selected manufacturing industry will be obtained when factor A is located at level 2 and B and C are located at level 1. Therefore, maximum productive desirability is achieved when the number of welding machines, hydraulic machines, and cutting machines is equal to 17, 2, and 1, respectively. This paper has a significant role in designing a robust production line by considering the lowest cost and timely manner based on the Taguchi method.

  20. Optical notch filter design based on digital signal processing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Sen; ZHANG Juan; LI Xue

    2011-01-01

    Based on digital signal processing theory, a novel method of designing optical notch filter is proposed for Mach-Zehnder interferometer with cascaded optical fiber rings coupled structure. The method is simple and effective, and it can be used to implement the designing of the optical notch filter which has arbitrary number of notch points in one free spectrum range (FSR). A design example of notch filter based on cascaded single-fiber-rings is given. On this basis, an improved cascaded double-fiber-rings structure is presented to eliminate the effect of phase shift caused by the single-fiber-ring structure. This new structure can improve the stability and applicability of system. The change of output intensity spectrum is finally investigated for each design parameter and the tuning characteristics of the notch filter are also discussed.

  1. Usability of a theory of visual attention (TVA) for parameter-based measurement of attention I

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Finke, Kathrin; Bublak, Peter; Krummenacher, Joseph;

    2005-01-01

    The present study investigated the usability of whole and partial report of briefly displayed letter arrays as a diagnostic tool for the assessment of attentional functions. The tool is based on Bundesen’s (1990, 1998, 2002; Bundesen et al., 2005) theory of visual attention (TVA), which assumes...... four separable attentional components: processing speed, working memory storage capacity, spatial distribution of attention, and top-down control. A number of studies (Duncan et al., 1999; Habekost & Bundesen, 2003; Peers et al., 2005) have already demonstrated the clinical relevance...... of these parameters. The present study was designed to examine whether (a) a shortened procedure bears sufficient accuracy and reliability, (b) whether the procedures reveal attentional constructs with clinical relevance, and (c) whether the mathematically independent parameters are also empirically independent...

  2. The Parameters Optimization of MCR-WPT System Based on the Improved Genetic Simulated Annealing Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheng Lu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available To solve the problem of parameter selection during the design of magnetically coupled resonant wireless power transmission system (MCR-WPT, this paper proposed an improved genetic simulated annealing algorithm. Firstly, the equivalent circuit of the system is analysis in this study and a nonlinear programming mathematical model is built. Secondly, in place of the penalty function method in the genetic algorithm, the selection strategy based on the distance between individuals is adopted to select individual. In this way, it reduces the excess empirical parameters. Meanwhile, it can improve the convergence rate and the searching ability by calculating crossover probability and mutation probability according to the variance of population’s fitness. At last, the simulated annealing operator is added to increase local search ability of the method. The simulation shows that the improved method can break the limit of the local optimum solution and get the global optimum solution faster. The optimized system can achieve the practical requirements.

  3. Multi-parameter sensor based on random fiber lasers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Yanping; Zhang, Mingjiang; Lu, Ping; Mihailov, Stephen; Bao, Xiaoyi

    2016-09-01

    We demonstrate a concept of utilizing random fiber lasers to achieve multi-parameter sensing. The proposed random fiber ring laser consists of an erbium-doped fiber as the gain medium and a random fiber grating as the feedback. The random feedback is effectively realized by a large number of reflections from around 50000 femtosecond laser induced refractive index modulation regions over a 10cm standard single mode fiber. Numerous polarization-dependent spectral filters are formed and superimposed to provide multiple lasing lines with high signal-to-noise ratio up to 40dB, which gives an access for a high-fidelity multi-parameter sensing scheme. The number of sensing parameters can be controlled by the number of the lasing lines via input polarizations and wavelength shifts of each peak can be explored for the simultaneous multi-parameter sensing with one sensing probe. In addition, the random grating induced coupling between core and cladding modes can be potentially used for liquid medical sample sensing in medical diagnostics, biology and remote sensing in hostile environments.

  4. Influential parameters for designing and power consumption calculating of cumin mower

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mahmoodi, E.; Jafari, A. [Tehran Univ., Karaj (Iran, Islamic Republic of). Dept. of Agricultural Machinery Engineering

    2010-07-01

    This paper reported on a study in which the consuming power and design of cumin mowers was calculated. The parameters required for calculating power consumption and designing of cumin mowers were measured along with some engineering properties of cumin stems. These included shearing and bending tests on cumin stem and specifying the coefficient of friction between mower knives and cumin stem. The relationships between static and dynamic friction forces being exerted on mower runners by soil with normal load were determined along with the factor affecting soil moisture. Some of the other parameters that are important for calculating the power consumption and design of an optimized mower include harvest moisture content; maximum and average of cumin stem diameter; maximum bio-yield point of force and maximum ultimate point of force in the cutting; average energy required to cut a stem; maximum elasticity module; maximum bending rupture force; average energy required for bending a stem; friction coefficient between the stem and knife edge; relation between bio-yield force, failure force, elasticity and diameter in the cutting; relation between rupture forces and diameter in the bending; and mower weight.

  5. Probabilistic seismic hazard characterization and design parameters for the Pantex Plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernreuter, D. L.; Foxall, W.; Savy, J. B.

    1998-10-19

    The Hazards Mitigation Center at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) updated the seismic hazard and design parameters at the Pantex Plant. The probabilistic seismic hazard (PSH) estimates were first updated using the latest available data and knowledge from LLNL (1993, 1998), Frankel et al. (1996), and other relevant recent studies from several consulting companies. Special attention was given to account for the local seismicity and for the system of potentially active faults associated with the Amarillo-Wichita uplift. Aleatory (random) uncertainty was estimated from the available data and the epistemic (knowledge) uncertainty was taken from results of similar studies. Special attention was given to soil amplification factors for the site. Horizontal Peak Ground Acceleration (PGA) and 5% damped uniform hazard spectra were calculated for six return periods (100 yr., 500 yr., 1000 yr., 2000 yr., 10,000 yr., and 100,000 yr.). The design parameters were calculated following DOE standards (DOE-STD-1022 to 1024). Response spectra for design or evaluation of Performance Category 1 through 4 structures, systems, and components are presented.

  6. Numerical Study of Flow Characteristics in a Solid Particle Incinerator for Various Design Parameters of Injectors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Son, Jin Woo; Kim, Su Ho; Sohn, Chae Hoon [Sejong Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-12-15

    The flow characteristics in a solid particle incinerator are investigated numerically for high burning rate of wastes. The studied incinerator employs both a swirl flow used in the furnace of power plants and a design concept applied to a rocket combustor. As the first step, the non-reactive flow field is analyzed in the incinerator with primary and secondary injectors through which solid fuel and air are injected. The deflection angle of a primary injector, inclination angle of a secondary injector, and gap between the two types of injectors are selected as design parameters. The swirl number is adopted for evaluating the degree of swirl flow and estimated over wide ranges of three parameters. The swirl number increases with deflection angle, but it is affected little by inclination angle. Recirculation zones are formed near the injectors, and their size affects the swirl number. The swirl number decreases with the zonal size of recirculation. From the numerical results, the design points can be found with strong swirl flow.

  7. Mathematical calculation model for geometrical parameters of timber mesh design with orthogonal grid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loktev Dmitriy Aleksandrovich

    Full Text Available Mesh cover design, a multi-element design, which ensures the correct geometrical arrangement of the elements, is a very important task. The purpose of the given article is the development of a mathematical model for selecting the geometric parameters of wooden arches with mesh orthogonal grid with different input data. In this article three variants of design were observed. The main differences between them are in the relative position of longitudinal and transverse components. When performing static calculations of such designs in order to achieve their subsequent correct assembly, the following location conditions were observed: all the items must strictly match with each other without a gap and without overlap. However, these conditions must be met for any ratio of height to the arch span, the number of longitudinal members and the thickness of longitudinal members. Inverse problems also take place. In this case, the geometric calculation is not possible to vary the cross-section elements, and the stress-strain state of the cover is provided by varying the pitch of the transverse arches of the elements, on which the geometric calculation has no influence. All this determines the need for universal mathematical models describing any geometrical parameter of the designs needed for their geometrical calculation. The basic approach for the development of such models is the use of the known trigonometric formulas, giving a complete description of the desired geometry of the arch. Finally three transcendental equations were obtained, the solution algorithm of which using Newton’s method is presented in the MathCAD. The complexity of solving such equations using the proposed algorithm in the MathCAD is reduced to a minimum.

  8. 基于双曲线B平面参数的快速微分修正月地返回轨道精确设计%Moon-Earth Return Trajectory Precise Design of Fast Differential Correction Based on B-Plane Parameters of Hyperbola

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周亮; 胡军

    2012-01-01

    月地返回轨道设计是探月三期月球采样返回任务中的重要内容之一,其约束条件较地月转移轨道复杂.此外,微分修正算法对于初值有很强的敏感性,且不易搜索得到初值.本文提出选取月心段出口点的双曲线B平面参数作为第一次迭代的目标值,选取地心段约束值作为第二次迭代的目标值,可有效的减少迭代次数和迭代时间,完成搜索初值过程.针对直接返回型轨 道和间接返回型轨道的设计问题,使用基于双曲线B平面参数的快速微分修正月地返回轨道精确设计方法,满足了对应的约束条件,易于求取变轨点的位置矢量和速度矢量,得到标称返回轨道.最后针对2种返回轨道类型的算例说明该方法有效.%Moon-earth return trajectory design is one of most important parts of sampling and return mission in the third stage of China Lunar Exploration Program, as the constraints of moon-earth return trajectory are more difficult than those of earth-moon transfer trajectory. And differential correction is sensitive to the initial value, which cannot be searched easily. It is proposed in this paper that selecting the B -plane parameters of hyperbola of the outlet point in the moon' s sphere of influence and the final constraints of reentry point as the first step target and second step target, then the problem of getting proper initial value can be solved of fast successful search rate and short search time. The approach of moon-earth return trajectory precise design of fast differential correction based on B-plane parameters of hyperbola, in the design of direct return trajectory and indirect return trajectory, is stated to accurately satisfy the constraints, easily calculate the position and velocity vectors of transfer point and successfully obtain nominal trajectory. Finally, effectiveness of the proposed approach is validated by examples including two types of return trajectory.

  9. Optimal Experiment Design for Quantum State and Process Tomography and Hamiltonian Parameter Estimation

    CERN Document Server

    Kosut, R L; Rabitz, H; Kosut, Robert; Walmsley, Ian A.; Rabitz, Herschel

    2004-01-01

    A number of problems in quantum state and system identification are addressed. Specifically, it is shown that the maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) approach, already known to apply to quantum state tomography, is also applicable to quantum process tomography (estimating the Kraus operator sum representation (OSR)), Hamiltonian parameter estimation, and the related problems of state and process (OSR) distribution estimation. Except for Hamiltonian parameter estimation, the other MLE problems are formally of the same type of convex optimization problem and therefore can be solved very efficiently to within any desired accuracy. Associated with each of these estimation problems, and the focus of the paper, is an optimal experiment design (OED) problem invoked by the Cramer-Rao Inequality: find the number of experiments to be performed in a particular system configuration to maximize estimation accuracy; a configuration being any number of combinations of sample times, hardware settings, prepared initial states...

  10. ROBUST DESIGN MODELS FOR CUSTOMER-SPECIFIED BOUNDS ON PROCESS PARAMETERS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sangmun SHIN; Byung Rae CHO

    2006-01-01

    Robust design (RD) has received much attention from researchers and practitioners for years, and a number of methodologies have been studied in the research community. The majority of existing RD models focus on the minimum variability with a zero bias. However, it is often the case that the customer may specify upper bounds on one of the two process parameters (i.e., the process mean and variance). In this situation, the existing RD models may not work efficiently in incorporating the customer's needs. To this end, we propose two simple RD models using the ε-constraint feasible region method - one with an upper bound of process bias specified and the other with an upper bound on process variability specified. We then conduct a case study to analyze the effects of upper bounds on each of the process parameters in terms of optimal operating conditions and mean squarederror.

  11. Research-based design & design-based research: Affordances, limitations and synergies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    McKenney, Susan

    2015-01-01

    Research-based design is an orientation to educational development that is explicitly informed by existing research as well as formative evaluation. Design-based research is a genre of inquiry in which the design of innovative solutions to problems in educational practice provides the context for sc

  12. Parameter-Invariant Hierarchical Exclusive Alphabet Design for 2-WRC with HDF Strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Uřičář

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Hierarchical eXclusive Code (HXC for the Hierarchical Decode and Forward (HDF strategy in the Wireless 2-Way Relay Channel (2-WRC has the achievable rate region extended beyond the classical MAC region. Although direct HXC design is in general highly complex, a layered approach to HXC design is a feasible solution. While the outer layer code of the layered HXC can be any state-of-the-art capacity approaching code, the inner layer must be designed in such a way that the exclusive property of hierarchical symbols (received at the relay will be provided. The simplest case of the inner HXC layer is a simple signal space channel symbol memoryless mapper called Hierarchical eXclusive Alphabet (HXA. The proper design of HXA is important, especially in the case of parametric channels, where channel parametrization (e.g. phase rotation can violate the exclusive property of hierarchical symbols (as seen by the relay, resulting in significant capacity degradation. In this paper we introduce an example of a geometrical approach to Parameter-Invariant HXA design, and we show that the corresponding hierarchical MAC capacity region extends beyond the classical MAC region, irrespective of the channel pametrization.

  13. 火电厂氨法烟气脱硫装置运行参数检测与控制系统设计%Operation Parameters Detection and Control System Design for Ammonia-based Flue Gas Desulfurization Process of Thermal Power Plant

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐澎波; 何仁初; 赵立华

    2011-01-01

    大型氨法烟气脱硫(FGD)作为一项新的环保技术,其装置几乎涉及了所有的化工操作单元,对工艺及控制也提出了很高的要求.本文以国内首套某电厂2×300MW机组氨法烟气脱硫装置为例,设计了一套氨法烟气脱硫系统运行参数检测及控制系统,使得装置操作更加安全平稳,有效的降低了氨耗并且改善了副产品质量,在满足环保要求的同时使氨法脱硫装置能经济有效地运行.%Large scale ammonia-based FGD is a new environmental protection technology almost including all chemical engineering operation units. This type equipment is very strict on process and control system. In this paper, taking the first control project with 2×300MW units ammonia-based FGD in a domestic thermal power plant as an example, an operation parameters detection and control system is designed according to the FGD technical requirements. This control system can make the equipment run stably and reducing ammonia consumption greatly with improving by-product quality, and this ammonia-based FGD equipment can run economically and effectively base on the meeting the requirements of environmental protection.

  14. Design of a TFT-LCD Based Digital Automobile Instrument

    OpenAIRE

    Yunsong Xu; Shen Yin; Jinyong Yu; Hamid Reza Karimi

    2014-01-01

    The traditional mechanical instrument lacks the ability to satisfy the market with characters of favorable compatibility, easy upgrading, and fashion. Thus the design of a TFT-LCD (thin film transistor-liquid crystal display) based automobile instrument is carried out. With a 7-inch TFT-LCD and the 32-bit microcontroller MB91F599, the instrument could process various information generated by other electronic control units (ECUs) of a vehicle and display valuable driving parameters on the 7-in...

  15. Functions and Design Scheme of Tibet High Altitude Test Base

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu Yongqing; Guo Jian; Yin Yu; Mao Yan; Li Guangfan; Fan Jianbin; Lu Jiayu; Su Zhiyi; Li Peng; Li Qingfeng; Liao Weiming; Zhou Jun

    2010-01-01

    @@ The functional orientation of the Tibet High Altitude Test Base, subordinated to the State Grid Corporation of China (SGCC), is to serve power transmission projects in high altitude areas, especially to provide technical support for southwestern hydropower delivery projects by UHVDC transmission and Qinghai-Tibet grid interconnection project. This paper presents the matters concerned during siting and planning, functions,design scheme, the main performances and parameters of the test facilities, as well as the tests and research tasks already carried out.

  16. PSO BASED PSS DESIGN FOR TRANSIENT STABILITY ENHANCEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Ekinci, Serdar; Demiroren, Aysen

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, optimal tuning the parameters of a power system stabilizer (PSS) controller for the power system transient stability enhancement is introduced. The design problem of the proposed PSS is converted to an optimization problem with the time-domain based objective function which is solved by using particle swarm optimization (PSO) technique with a robust ability in order to find the most promising results. The dynamic performance PSS controller is evaluated on the basis of a multi-m...

  17. Functions and Design Scheme of Tibet High Altitude Test Base

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The functional orientation of the Tibet High Altitude Test Base, subordinated to the State Grid Corporation of China (SGCC), is to serve power transmission projects in high altitude areas, especially to provide technical support for southwestern hydropower delivery projects by UHVDC transmission and Qinghai-Tibet grid interconnection project. This paper presents the matters concerned during siting and planning, functions, design scheme, the main performances and parameters of the test facilities, as well as...

  18. Parameter Design and Optimal Control of an Open Core Flywheel Energy Storage System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pang, D.; Anand, D. K.; Kirk, J. A.

    1996-01-01

    In low earth orbit (LEO) satellite applications spacecraft power is provided by photovoltaic cells and batteries. To overcome battery shortcomings the University of Maryland, working in cooperation with NASA/GSFC and NASA/LeRC, has developed a magnetically suspended flywheel for energy storage applications. The system is referred to as an Open Core Composite Flywheel (OCCF) energy storage system. Successful application of flywheel energy storage requires integration of several technologies, viz. bearings, rotor design, motor/generator, power conditioning, and system control. In this paper we present a parameter design method which has been developed for analyzing the linear SISO model of the magnetic bearing controller for the OCCF. The objective of this continued research is to principally analyze the magnetic bearing system for nonlinear effects in order to increase the region of stability, as determined by high speed and large air gap control. This is achieved by four tasks: (1) physical modeling, design, prototyping, and testing of an improved magnetically suspended flywheel energy storage system, (2) identification of problems that limit performance and their corresponding solutions, (3) development of a design methodology for magnetic bearings, and (4) design of an optimal controller for future high speed applications. Both nonlinear SISO and MIMO models of the magnetic system were built to study limit cycle oscillations and power amplifier saturation phenomenon observed in experiments. The nonlinear models include the inductance of EM coils, the power amplifier saturation, and the physical limitation of the flywheel movement as discussed earlier. The control program EASY5 is used to study the nonlinear SISO and MIMO models. Our results have shown that the characteristics and frequency responses of the magnetic bearing system obtained from modeling are comparable to those obtained experimentally. Although magnetic saturation is shown in the bearings, there

  19. Model-based estimation of pulmonary compliance and resistance parameters from time-based capnography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abid, Abubakar; Mieloszyk, Rebecca J; Verghese, George C; Krauss, Baruch S; Heldt, Thomas

    2015-08-01

    We propose a highly-simplified single-alveolus mechanistic model of lung mechanics and gas mixing that leads to an analytical solution for carbon dioxide partial pressure in exhaled breath, as measured by time-based capnography. Using this solution, we estimate physiological parameters of the lungs on a continuous, breath-by-breath basis. We validate our model with capnograms from 15 subjects responding positively (>20% FEV1 drop from baseline) to methacholine challenge, and subsequently recovering with bronchodilator treatment. Our results suggest that parameter estimates from capnography may provide discriminatory value for lung function comparable to spirometry, thus warranting more detailed study. PMID:26736601

  20. Effect of design and process parameters on nip width of soft calendering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanth, Neel; Ray, A. K.; Dang, Riti

    2016-07-01

    Calendering is a well-known operation in which a material is run between rolls to thin it into sheets or to produce smooth or glossy finish. An attempt has been made in this investigation to remove the drawbacks in the model of Meijers and applicable directly to soft calendering, also to make nip mechanics model generalized and applicable, so that it can be applicable where there is roll to roll or roll to plate contact. Also, the effect of various design and process parameters on results of soft calendering has been discussed using the data taken from paper industry.

  1. Design Optimization of RFI Parameters by Manufacturing T-shaped Composite Panel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Guo-li; HUANG Gu

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this project is to develop a novel approach for optimizing design resin film infusion (RFI) processing parameters by manufacturing T-shaped composite panel. The dimensional accuracy was selected as the objective function. By investigating the rheological properties of resin film, the compaction behavior of fiber preform and characteristics of RFI process, an optimal mathematical model was established, it was found that the numerical results obtained from the RFICOMP program package have good consistency with the experimental results, and this optimization procedure can be applied to other composites manufacture processes.

  2. A normalized wave number variation parameter for acoustic black hole design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feurtado, Philip A; Conlon, Stephen C; Semperlotti, Fabio

    2014-08-01

    In recent years, the concept of the Acoustic Black Hole has been developed as an efficient passive, lightweight absorber of bending waves in plates and beams. Theory predicts greater absorption for a higher thickness taper power. However, a higher taper power also increases the violation of an underlying theory smoothness assumption. This paper explores the effects of high taper power on the reflection coefficient and spatial change in wave number and discusses the normalized wave number variation as a spatial design parameter for performance, assessment, and optimization. PMID:25096139

  3. Superconducting state parameters of indium-based binary alloys

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A M Vora; Minal H Patel; P N Gajjar; A R Jani

    2002-05-01

    Our well-recognized pseudopotential is used to investigate the superconducting state parameters viz; electron–phonon coupling strength , Coulomb pseudopotentialµ *, transition temperature c, isotope effective exponent and interaction strength 0 for the In1-Zn and In1-Sn binary alloys. We have incorporated six different types of local field correction functions, proposed by Hartree, Taylor, Vashistha–Singwi, Ichimaru–Utsumi, Farid et al and Sarkar et al to show the effect of exchange and correlation on the aforesaid properties. Very strong influence of the various exchange and correlation functions is concluded from the present study. The comparison with other such theoretical values is encouraging, which confirms the applicability of our model potential in explaining the superconducting state parameters of binary mixture.

  4. Software-Based Extraction of Objective Parameters from Music Performances

    OpenAIRE

    Lerch, Alexander

    2008-01-01

    Different music performances of the same score may significantly differ from each other. It is obvious that not only the composer’s work, the score, defines the listener’s music experience, but that the music performance itself is an integral part of this experience. Music performers use the information contained in the score, but interpret, transform or add to this information.Four parameter classes can be used to describe a performance objectively: tempo and timing, loudness, timbre and pit...

  5. Controller Designing and Parameter Tuning in the First Order plus Large Delay Time System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DAXIAO Wang

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Based on the traditional PID controllerstructure, we proposed a new controller which can behandle the large time delay systems magnificently. Inthe meantime, we provide an easy to understand andpragmatic strategy to tuning the parameters of thecontroller. To inspect and verify our idea, we apply thismethod in the large dead-time system and the commonemployed systems, and compared it with the ideal PIDstructure and the relative PID tuning methods.

  6. Nonlinear genetic-based simulation of soil shear strength parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mousavi, Seyyed Mohammad; Alavi, Amir Hossein; Gandomi, Amir Hossein; Mollahasani, Ali

    2011-12-01

    New nonlinear solutions were developed to estimate the soil shear strength parameters utilizing linear genetic programming (LGP). The soil cohesion intercept ( c) and angle of shearing resistance ( ϕ) were formulated in terms of the basic soil physical properties. The best models were selected after developing and controlling several models with different combinations of influencing parameters. Comprehensive experimental database used for developing the models was established upon a series of unconsolidated, undrained, and unsaturated triaxial tests conducted in this study. Further, sensitivity and parametric analyses were carried out. c and ϕ were found to be mostly influenced by the soil unit weight and liquid limit. In order to benchmark the proposed models, a multiple least squares regression (MLSR) analysis was performed. The validity of the models was proved on portions of laboratory results that were not included in the modelling process. The developed models are able to effectively learn the complex relationship between the soil strength parameters and their contributing factors. The LGP models provide a significantly better prediction performance than the regression models.

  7. Nonlinear genetic-based simulation of soil shear strength parameters

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Seyyed Mohammad Mousavi; Amir Hossein Alavi; Amir Hossein Gandomi; Ali Mollahasani

    2011-12-01

    New nonlinear solutions were developed to estimate the soil shear strength parameters utilizing linear genetic programming (LGP). The soil cohesion intercept () and angle of shearing resistance () were formulated in terms of the basic soil physical properties. The best models were selected after developing and controlling several models with different combinations of influencing parameters. Comprehensive experimental database used for developing the models was established upon a series of unconsolidated, undrained, and unsaturated triaxial tests conducted in this study. Further, sensitivity and parametric analyses were carried out. and were found to be mostly influenced by the soil unit weight and liquid limit. In order to benchmark the proposed models, a multiple least squares regression (MLSR) analysis was performed. The validity of the models was proved on portions of laboratory results that were not included in the modelling process. The developed models are able to effectively learn the complex relationship between the soil strength parameters and their contributing factors. The LGP models provide a significantly better prediction performance than the regression models.

  8. Decouple Design of Current Loop Parameters for PWM Converters Based on Multi-resonant Controllers and Capacitor Current Feedback Active Damping%基于多谐振控制器和电容电流反馈有源阻尼的PWM变换器电流环参数解耦设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕永灿; 林桦; 杨化承; 罗咏

    2013-01-01

    To track the given sinusoidal current under stationary frame and suppress the effect of the low harmonics in the grid, a multi-resonant proportional resonant (PR) controller was adopted for pulse width modulation (PWM) converter with LCL filter based on capacitor current feedback active damping. Because the system is of high order, many parameters and complicated, the effects of the control parameters on the current-loop performance were investigated with frequency theory, i.e. the stability, steady-state error and phase margin. Based on this, a decoupling-simplified analytic design method was proposed. According to the requests of the stability, steady-state error and phase margin, the capacitor-current-feedback coefficient, the relative resonant gain factor and the proportional factor could be designed separately. The proposed method uses the analytic method and simplifies the couple of the parameters without trial-and-error procedure. Finally, a battery storage power conversion system (PCS) was built. Experiment results verify the effectiveness of the proposed design method.%基于电容电流反馈有源阻尼的LCL型脉宽调制(pulse width modulation,PWM)变换器并网电流控制中,通常采用多谐振比例谐振(proportional resonant,PR)控制器来实现静止αβ坐标系下正弦电流给定的无静差跟踪和抑制电网电压特定次谐波影响。针对电流环控制器复杂、参数多、设计难的问题,采用频率域理论分析电容电流反馈系数和准PR控制器各参数对电流环性能的影响。在此基础上,提出一种电流环控制器参数解耦简化解析设计方法,根据稳定性、稳态误差和相位裕度要求,分别设计电容电流反馈系数及PR控制器相对谐振增益系数和比例系数。该设计方法简化了控制器参数之间的耦合关系,且多采用解析计算,不需要反复试凑。实验结果验证了所提出的参数解耦解析设计方法是可行和有效的。

  9. PIC® MICROCONTROLLER BASED TRAINING MODULE: DESIGN & IMPLEMENTATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Fonseca-Beltrán

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the design and implementation of a PIC microcontroller based training module, whose main purpose is to develop a system, which allow the implementation of process control and data monitoring applications based in a microcontroller (MCU, so that it provides the user a powerful, flexible and easy to use tool to develop MCU based control applications.This system was conceived so the user develops skills in design and implementation of control units for application in problems which require a system capable of monitoring environmental variables and processes, helping in this way in the quick understanding of the technology and reducing time and cost of development.

  10. Designing of Thyristor Controlled Reactor (TCR Compensator Parameter for Electric Arc Furnaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Torabian Esfahani

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available One of the important issues in electric arc furnace (EAF of the steel industries is the effective compensation of the EAF. In this paper, firstly an optimal design model for the EAF is presented. Then, a thyristor controlled reactor (TCR is installed in parallel with the TCR. The parameters of the TCR are designed optimally to compensate the reactive power of the EAF. In the proposed method, a hyperbolic-exponential model is considered for the EAF and also a sinusoidal voltage flicker with the frequency in the range human vision (between 4-14 Hz is included. In addition, the presence of the harmonic filters with the TCR is discussed. The results of the simulation show that the TCR can compensate the effects sinusoidal voltage flicker. Moreover, the results indicate that compared to the other methods, the average time response is about the half period of a cycle.

  11. Analytical evaluation of effective parameters leading to design limitation of solar cooling system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In solar absorption cooling system, the hot water supplied to a single effect absorption chiller comes from a solar collector heat storage. On the other hand, chilled water of the chiller is stored in reservoir and then is supplied to the cooling system due to the daily demand. The size of cooling system components depends on solar daily insulation, daily cooling load and effective working time of the system. In order to optimize the working condition of the system these factors together with their economic aspects should be kept in mind to reach a logical and rational design. In the mentioned parameters to the optimum working condition of an solar absorption cooling system. By using this approach the optimum design of the system would be obtained

  12. Inrush Current Simulation of Power Transformer using Machine Parameters Estimated by Design Procedure of Winding Structure and Genetic Algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tokunaga, Yoshitaka

    This paper presents estimation techniques of machine parameters for power transformer using design procedure of transformer and genetic algorithm with real coding. Especially, it is very difficult to obtain machine parameters for transformers in customers' facilities. Using estimation techniques, machine parameters could be calculated from the only nameplate data of these transformers. Subsequently, EMTP-ATP simulation of the inrush current was carried out using machine parameters estimated by techniques developed in this study and simulation results were reproduced measured waveforms.

  13. Parameters extraction for perovskite solar cells based on Lambert W-function

    OpenAIRE

    Ge Junyu; Luo Manlin; Pan Wanli; Li Na; Peng Wei

    2016-01-01

    The behaviors of the solar cells are decided by the device parameters. Thus, it is necessary to extract these parameters to achieve the optimal working condition. Because the five-parameter model of solar cells has the implicit equation of current-voltage relationship, it is difficult to obtain the parameters with conventional methods. In this work, an optimized method is presented to extract device parameters from the actual test data of photovoltaic cell. Based on Lambert W-function, explic...

  14. A research on a following day load simulation method based on weather forecast parameters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • FDLS method is proposed using weather forecast parameters. • Correction method for next day’s weather data is proposed base on weather forecast. • Cooling load is simulated with original and corrected DeST weather library. • The two kinds of simulated load are compared with measured load of the building. • Accuracy of cooling load prediction for following day is improved with FDLS method. - Abstract: Accurate simulation and forecast of cooling load is vital in the design of efficient cooling in a cold storage system. In order to be more accurate in predictions and reduce simulation errors, most of previous studies have focused on how to improve the methodology of load forecast or how to correct the annual meteorological parameters library in face of global warming. Although such approaches can improve the accuracy of load forecast, they still have major weaknesses, such as their requirement of large amount of daily or hourly historical load records and their failure to predict weather data for any given day accounting for future change in the macro climate. To address these problems, a following day load simulation method (FDLS) is proposed by the authors in this research. This method simulates the cooling load based on weather forecast parameters published by meteorological authorities. The accuracy of FDLS is validated by comparing the simulation results with the actual data collected from a cold storage building. Furthermore, the advantages and disadvantages of the FDLS method are highlighted in this study

  15. Implementing a Generative Urban Design Model: Grammar-based design patterns for urban design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beirao, J.N.; Mendes, G.; Duarte, J.; Stouffs, R.M.F.

    2010-01-01

    This paper shows the first results of a prototype implementation of a generative urban design tool. This implementation will form part of a design support tool for a GIS based platform defined to formulate, generate and evaluate urban designs. These three goals, formulation, generation and evaluatio

  16. Injection Mould Design and Analysis of the Telephone Base Based on Pro/E

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kong Wen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The 3D models of a telephone base and its whole mould are established by Pro/E, and it simulated the process of opening the mould. The parametric design process of the injection mould is elaborated in detail, and then the general steps of designing injection mould are presented. The main basis of injection machine is listed and to check the main parameters. In the structure of design process, the design principles of parts followed are cited, and carried on the concrete analysis with this topic. Finally, the key point is focused on the analysis and design of thermal control system, and it illustrated the importance of thermal control system for product molding. The heat into the mould is calculated in detail, and the main parameters of cooling process such as cooling waterway diameter, cooling channel length are confirmed at last.

  17. A new R(o)sslor hyperchaotic system and its realization with systematic circuit parameter design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Guang-Yi; He Hai-Lian

    2008-01-01

    Based on two modified R(o)sslor hyperchaotic systems,which are derived from the chaotic R(o)eslor system by introducing a state feedback controller,this paper proposes a new switched R(o)sslor hyperchaotic system.The switched system contains two different hyperchaotic systems and can change its behaviour continuously from one to another via a switching function.On the other hand,it presents a systematic method for designing the circuit of realizing the proposed hyperchaotic system.In this design,circuit state equations are written in normalized dimensionless form by rescaling the time variable.Furthermore,an analogous circuit is designed by using the proposed method and built for verifying the new hyperchaos and the design method.Experimental results show a good agreement between numerical simulations and experimental results.

  18. Application of quality by design approach to optimize process and formulation parameters of rizatriptan loaded chitosan nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ajinath Eknath Shirsat

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of present study was to optimize rizatriptan (RZT chitosan (CS nanoparticles using ionic gelation method by application of quality by design (QbD approach. Based on risk assessment, effect of three variables, that is CS %, tripolyphosphate % and stirring speed were studied on critical quality attributes (CQAs; particle size and entrapment efficiency. Central composite design (CCD was implemented for design of experimentation with 20 runs. RZT CS nanoparticles were characterized for particle size, polydispersity index, entrapment efficiency, in-vitro release study, differential scanning calorimetric, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy (SEM. Based on QbD approach, design space (DS was optimized with a combination of selected variables with entrapment efficiency > 50% w/w and a particle size between 400 and 600 nm. Validation of model was performed with 3 representative formulations from DS for which standard error of − 0.70-3.29 was observed between experimental and predicted values. In-vitro drug release followed initial burst release 20.26 ± 2.34% in 3-4 h with sustained drug release of 98.43 ± 2.45% in 60 h. Lower magnitude of standard error for CQAs confirms the validation of selected CCD model for optimization of RZT CS nanoparticles. In-vitro drug release followed dual mechanism via, diffusion and polymer erosion. RZT CS nanoparticles were prepared successfully using QbD approach with the understanding of the high risk process and formulation parameters involved and optimized DS with a multifactorial combination of critical parameters to obtain predetermined RZT loaded CS nanoparticle specifications.

  19. Three thermodynamically-based parameterizations of the deceleration parameter

    CERN Document Server

    del Campo, Sergio; Herrera, Ramon; Pavon, Diego

    2012-01-01

    We propose, and constrain with the latest observational data, three model-independent parameterizations of the cosmic deceleration parameter $q(z)$. They are well behaved and stay finite at all redshifts. We construct them by fixing the value of $q$ at high redshift, $q(z \\gg 1) = 1/2$ (as demanded by cosmic structure formation), and at the far future, $q(z = -1) = -1$, and smoothly interpolating $q(z)$ between them. The fixed point at $z = -1$ is not arbitrarily chosen; it readily follows from the second law of thermodynamics. This fairly reduces the ample latitude in parameterizing $q(z)$.

  20. Evaluation of the Overall Costs for the Croatian Repository: Varying Site, Design and Financial Parameters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Preliminary preparations for the construction of a LILW repository in Croatia included a number of activities and projects related to the siting process, safety assessment, disposal technology and repository design, and public acceptance issues. Costs evaluations have always been a part of the developing project documentation. However, only the estimates of the facility construction and equipment acquisition costs had been included, while other costs associated with the project development and management have not been considered up to now. For the first time the infrastructure status at the potential sites has been evaluated, and the costs of the repository operations as well as the post-closure management has been estimated. Cost parameters have been considered from both technical and fiscal points of view, comparing their relative influence on the overall repository costs. Assessment of the total project costs in eight cases for the four preferential sites and two repository designs gave a clearer picture of the development and management costs differences for the considered options. Without considerations of the operational and post-operational repository management expenses, the total project costs appear to have been heavily underestimated. Also, while the construction costs for the tunnel and the surface type repositories are significantly different, this influence of the repository type on the total project costs becomes far less important when the later phases management expenses are added. Finally, the role of fiscal parameters may further diminish the site and technology impacts on the overall costs. (author)

  1. Facilitating Transition to Team Based Design Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tollestrup, Christian

    2014-01-01

    When students enroll in Problem Based Learning (PBL) and Project-oriented universities at Industrial Design programs, what are their expectations and prerequisites for starting to learn about design and work in teams with design? The short answer is: not as much as they think, studies shows...... that even if they had previous experience with project work in teams, they still encounter problems during their first semesters. The PBL based and project oriented Industrial Design Engineering program used in this investigation is very process focused with the objective of opening the process...... experiment was carried out in 2011 and 2012 in form of a “Survival Kit”. This paper investigates the long-term effect of the “Survival Kit” regarding the students’ development in understanding the expectations towards them and the pitfalls in studying and working projects in teams through questionnaires...

  2. 基于多参数空气源热泵辅助太阳能热水机组的控制系统%A control system design for solar hot water system with auxiliary air source heat pump based on multiple parameters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁鸿昌; 杨前明; 刘其会; 吕帅

    2013-01-01

    The solar hot water system aided by air source heat pump can overcome the drawback of weather influence on single solar hot water system.Based on PLC controller,a control system,which considers multiple parameters such as the sun conditions,water tank temperature,ambient temperature,pipe line pressure,etc.,is designed for a solar hot water system with auxiliary air source heat pump to achieve automatic all-weather hot water supply and save electric energy effectively.%采用了空气源热泵辅助的太阳能热水机组,以解决单一太阳能热水系统受天气条件影响的问题.以PLC控制器为核心,综合考虑光照条件、环境温度、水箱水温、供水压力等多个参数条件,设计了基于多参数的空气源热泵辅助太阳能热水机组的自动控制系统,实现了以太阳能为主热源的热水机组全天候稳定热水供应,有效地节约了能源.

  3. CT-based Individualized Medical Implant Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶铭; 朱晓峰; 主成焘; 孙坚

    2003-01-01

    Most implantation cases are implemented using implants selected from the available standard set, but in some cases, only those implants conforming to individual patient's skeletal morphology can serve the purpose. This paper proposes a new approach to design and fabricate custom-made exact-fit medical implants. With a real surgical case as the example,technical design details are presented; and three algorithms are given respectively for segmentation based on object features, triangular mesh defragmentation and mesh cutting.

  4. Chemical-Based Formulation Design: Virtual Experimentation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Conte, Elisa; Gani, Rafiqul

    This paper presents a software, the virtual Product-Process Design laboratory (virtual PPD-lab) and the virtual experimental scenarios for design/verification of consumer oriented liquid formulated products where the software can be used. For example, the software can be employed for the design o......, hair spray, sunscreen lotion, insect repellent lotion). The results of the virtual experimentations will be illustrated through the (initial) base case designs that were obtained and their verification through real experiments and/or available product data analysis......., the additives and/or their mixtures (formulations). Therefore, the experimental resources can focus on a few candidate product formulations to find the best product. The virtual PPD-lab allows various options for experimentations related to design and/or verification of the product. For example, the selection...

  5. Data base systems in electronic design engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, D.

    1980-01-01

    The concepts of an integrated design data base system (DBMS) as it might apply to an electronic design company are discussed. Data elements of documentation, project specifications, project tracking, firmware, software, electronic and mechanical design can be integrated and managed through a single DBMS. Combining the attributes of a DBMS data handler with specialized systems and functional data can provide users with maximum flexibility, reduced redundancy, and increased overall systems performance. Although some system overhead is lost due to redundancy in transitory data, it is believed the combination of the two data types is advisable rather than trying to do all data handling through a single DBMS.

  6. Parameter-based estimation of CT dose index and image quality using an in-house android™-based software

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mubarok, S.; Lubis, L. E.; Pawiro, S. A.

    2016-03-01

    Compromise between radiation dose and image quality is essential in the use of CT imaging. CT dose index (CTDI) is currently the primary dosimetric formalisms in CT scan, while the low and high contrast resolutions are aspects indicating the image quality. This study was aimed to estimate CTDIvol and image quality measures through a range of exposure parameters variation. CTDI measurements were performed using PMMA (polymethyl methacrylate) phantom of 16 cm diameter, while the image quality test was conducted by using catphan ® 600. CTDI measurements were carried out according to IAEA TRS 457 protocol using axial scan mode, under varied parameters of tube voltage, collimation or slice thickness, and tube current. Image quality test was conducted accordingly under the same exposure parameters with CTDI measurements. An Android™ based software was also result of this study. The software was designed to estimate the value of CTDIvol with maximum difference compared to actual CTDIvol measurement of 8.97%. Image quality can also be estimated through CNR parameter with maximum difference to actual CNR measurement of 21.65%.

  7. TOPOLOGY DESCRIPTION FUNCTION BASED METHOD FOR MATERIAL DESIGN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cao Xianfan; Liu Shutian

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the application of topology description function (TDF) in material design. Using TDF to describe the topology of the microstructure,the formulation and the solving technique of the design problem of materials with prescribed mechanical properties are presented. By presenting the TDF as the sum of a series of basis functions determined by parameters, the topology optimization of material microstructure is formulated as a size optimization problem whose design variables are parameters of TDF basis functions and independent of the mesh of the design domain. By this method, high quality topologies for describing the distribution of constituent material in design domain can be obtained and checkerboard problem often met in the variable density method is avoided. Compared with the conventional level set method, the optimization problem can be solved simply by existing optimization techniques without the process to solve the‘Hamilton-Jacobi-type'equation by the difference method.The method proposed is illustrated with two 2D examples. One gives the unit cell with positive Poisson's ratio, the other with negative Poisson's ratio. The examples show the method based on TDF is effective for material design.

  8. Reliability-Based Design of Wind Turbine Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Firouzianbandpey, Sarah

    green energy technology in breaking the fossil fuel dependency. The costs of foundations for offshore wind turbines typically amount to 20–30% of the total wind turbine budget. Thus, an optimized design of these foundations will improve the cost effectiveness by matching a suitable target reliability...... level. The overall aim of the present PhD thesis is to facilitate a low-cost foundation design for future offshore wind farms by focusing on the geotechnical site assessment. First, a number of well-established techniques for soil classification based on cone penetration test (CPT) data have been...... seismic CPTs were performed in sand and clay in order to estimate the small-strain shear modulus of the soil as a key parameter in analysis and design of foundations, and the soil type of the region was estimated based on this value. Furthermore, the shear moduli obtained from the seismic tests were...

  9. Disturbance observer based control system design for inertially stabilized platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Chunnan; Lin, Zhe

    2012-09-01

    Inertially stabilized platform (ISP) is indispensable for various imaging systems to segregate the base angular movement and achieve high LOS (Line-Of-Sight) stability. The disturbance rejection ratio and command following performance are of primary concern in designing ISP control systems. In this paper, the redundant gimbals ISP system is considered and it is shown to experience complex disturbance and parameter variation during operation. To meet advanced LOS stabilization requirement, a disturbance observer based (DOB) dual-loop controller design for ISP is proposed of which the DOB is the internal-loop. Using a nominal plant model and a low-pass filter, the disturbance signal is estimated and used as a cancellation input added to the current command of torque motor. If the DOB works well, the disturbance torque and mismatch between nominal plant and actual plant will be compensated and the internal-loop will behave as nominal model parameters. On the other hand, the external-loop will be designed for nominal model parameters to meet stabilization requirements. This paper will mainly focus on the DOB design method. Since the low-pass filter of DOB determines the sensitivity and complementary sensitivity function as will be shown in this paper, designing the filter is the most important consideration. In this paper, an optimal low-pass filter design method is proposed. The method is intuitive, simple to implement and allows on-line tuning. Simulation results show the performance enhancement of our control structure in the presence of disturbance and measurement noise.

  10. Geoscience parameter data base handbook: granites and basalts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-12-01

    The Department of Energy has the responsibility for selecting and constructing Federal repositories for radioactive waste. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission must license such repositories prior to construction. The basic requirement in the geologic disposal of radioactive waste is stated as: placement in a geologic host whereby the radioactive waste is not in mechanical, thermal or chemical equilibrium with the object of preventing physical or chemical migration of radionuclides into the biosphere or hydrosphere in hazardous concentration (USGS, 1977). The object of this report is to document the known geologic parameters of large granite and basalt occurrences in the coterminous United States, for future evaluation in the selection and licensing of radioactive waste repositories. The description of the characteristics of certain potential igneous hosts has been limited to existing data pertaining to the general geologic character, geomechanics, and hydrology of identified occurrences. A description of the geochemistry is the subject of a separate report.

  11. Geoscience parameter data base handbook: granites and basalts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Department of Energy has the responsibility for selecting and constructing Federal repositories for radioactive waste. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission must license such repositories prior to construction. The basic requirement in the geologic disposal of radioactive waste is stated as: placement in a geologic host whereby the radioactive waste is not in mechanical, thermal or chemical equilibrium with the object of preventing physical or chemical migration of radionuclides into the biosphere or hydrosphere in hazardous concentration (USGS, 1977). The object of this report is to document the known geologic parameters of large granite and basalt occurrences in the coterminous United States, for future evaluation in the selection and licensing of radioactive waste repositories. The description of the characteristics of certain potential igneous hosts has been limited to existing data pertaining to the general geologic character, geomechanics, and hydrology of identified occurrences. A description of the geochemistry is the subject of a separate report

  12. Optimal FES parameters based on mechanomyographic efficiency index.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krueger-Beck, Eddy; Scheeren, Eduardo M; Nogueira-Neto, Guilherme N; Button, Vera Lucia S N; Nohama, Percy

    2010-01-01

    Functional electrical stimulation (FES) can artificially elicit movements in spinal cord injured (SCI) subjects. FES control strategies involve monitoring muscle features and setting FES profiles so as to postpone the installation of muscle fatigue or nerve cell adaptation. Mechanomyography (MMG) sensors register the lateral oscillations of contracting muscles. This paper presents an MMG efficiency index (EI) that may indicate most efficient FES electrical parameters to control functional movements. Ten healthy and three SCI volunteers participated in the study. Four FES profiles with two FES sessions were applied with in-between 15min rest interval. MMG RMS and median frequency were inserted into the EI equation. EI increased along the test. FES profile set to 1kHz pulse frequency, 200εs active pulse duration and burst frequency of 50Hz was the most efficient.

  13. Observer based parallel IM speed and parameter estimation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skoko Saša

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The detailed presentation of modern algorithm for the rotor speed estimation of an induction motor (IM is shown. The algorithm includes parallel speed and resistance parameter estimation and allows a robust shaft-sensorless operation in diverse conditions, including full load and low speed operation with a large thermal drift. The direct connection between the injected electric signal in the d-axis and the component of injected rotor flux were pointed at. The algorithm that has been applied in the paper uses the extracted component of the injected rotor flux in the d-axis from the observer state vector and filtrated measured electricity of one motor phase. By applying the mentioned algorithm, the system converges towards the given reference. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. III 42004

  14. Designing robust control-based HIV-treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fredy Andrés Olarte Dussán

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Designing a robust control-based treatment for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-infected patients was studied. The dynamics of the immune system’s response to infection was modelled using a 5th order nonlinear model with separate efficacy coefficients for protease inhibitor (PIs and reverse transcriptase inhibitors (RTIs. The immune res-ponse has been represented as an uncertain system due to errors in parameter estimation and the existence of un-modelled dynamics. A polytopic system was constructed incorporating all possible system parameter values. A con-trol system was designed using robust pole location techniques stabilising the polytopic system around an equilibrium point having a low viral load. Numerical simulation results (including the organism’s pharmacokinetical response to anti-retroviral drugs showed that the control law could lead to long-term stable conditions, even in extreme cases.

  15. Developing a Kano-Based Evaluation Model for Innovation Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chang-Tzuoh Wu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This research focuses on developing a psychology-based evaluation procedure for innovative design. The divergent thinking part of the main innovative design procedure which discussed in this paper is the extensive QFD developed by the author (Wu. The major performance of QFD is to identify the customers’ requirements and their priorities. Then, the proposed extensive QFD helps transform the high priority requirements into appropriate technical characteristics. According to the priorities of product characteristics, the prior engineering parameters will be identified to be the key performances to redesign. For identifying the requirements and achieving the attractive design, we introduce the Kano model to construct the evaluation model. The proposed Kano-based evaluation procedure is mainly used in two stages of the innovative design. First, the evaluation process was used in QFD stage to help identify attractive customers’ requirements, and the other was used in the extension stage to help assess concepts. The flowchart of proposed innovative design procedure with psychology-based evaluation has also been developed. A case study, exercise equipment design, is adopted to explain and verify feasibility of the proposed approach.

  16. The influence of design parameters on clogging of stormwater biofilters: a large-scale column study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Coustumer, Sébastien; Fletcher, Tim D; Deletic, Ana; Barraud, Sylvie; Poelsma, Peter

    2012-12-15

    A large-scale laboratory study was conducted to test the influence of design and operating conditions on the lifespan of stormwater biofilters. The evolution of hydraulic conductivity over time was studied in relation to a number of key design parameters (media type, filter depth, vegetation type, system sizing, etc). The biofilters were observed to clog over time, with average hydraulic conductivity decreasing by a factor of 3.6 over the 72 weeks of testing. The choice of plant species appears to have a significant effect on the rate of decrease in permeability, with plants with thick roots (e.g. Melaleuca) demonstrating an ability to maintain permeability over time. Other species studied, with finer roots, had no such beneficial effects. As expected, small systems relative to their catchment (and thus which are subjected to high loading rates) are more prone to clogging, as increases in hydraulic and sediment loading can lead to extremely low hydraulic conductivities. Sizing and the appropriate choice of vegetation are thus key elements in design because they can limit clogging, and therefore, indirectly increase annual load treated by limiting the volume of water bypassing the system.

  17. Planar air-bearing microgravity simulators: Review of applications, existing solutions and design parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rybus, Tomasz; Seweryn, Karol

    2016-03-01

    All devices designed to be used in space must be thoroughly tested in relevant conditions. For several classes of devices the reduced gravity conditions are the key factor. In early stages of development and later due to financial reasons, the tests need to be done on Earth. However, in Earth conditions it is impossible to obtain a different gravity field independent on all linear and rotational spatial coordinates. Therefore, various test-bed systems are used, with their design driven by the device's specific needs. One of such test-beds are planar air-bearing microgravity simulators. In such an approach, the tested objects (e.g., manipulators intended for on-orbit operations or vehicles simulating satellites in a close formation flight) are mounted on planar air-bearings that allow almost frictionless motion on a flat surface, thus simulating microgravity conditions in two dimensions. In this paper we present a comprehensive review of research activities related to planar air-bearing microgravity simulators, demonstrating achievements of the most active research groups and describing newest trends and ideas, such as tests of landing gears for low-g bodies. Major design parameters of air-bearing test-beds are also reviewed and a list of notable existing test-beds is presented.

  18. Optimisation of design parameters for collimators and pin-holes of bolometer cameras

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The total radiation emission profile of fusion experiments is usually determined using the bolometer diagnostic. In order to evaluate the spatially resolved profile, many line integrated measurements are inverted using tomographic reconstruction techniques. Their success depends on a well known and optimised definition of the viewing cones of every line-of-sight. To this aim a set of equations has been derived and put in hierarchical order to define the design parameters for bolometer cameras in fusion experiments. In particular, previous considerations, which focussed on the beam width overlap and light yield optimisation, are extended to explicitly take geometrical boundary conditions imposed by the experimental device into account, with an emphasis on small gap sizes through which viewing cones have to pass through. The equations are derived for both camera types, collimator and pin-hole versions. The results obtained can be used to design bolometer cameras for any fusion device, but in particular also for ITER. An example of such an application is given and implications for the realisation of the optimal design are discussed

  19. Optimisation of design parameters for collimators and pin-holes of bolometer cameras

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meister, H. [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Boltzmannstr. 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Kalvin, S. [Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Konkoly-Thege Miklós 29–33, H-1121 Budapest (Hungary)

    2014-12-15

    The total radiation emission profile of fusion experiments is usually determined using the bolometer diagnostic. In order to evaluate the spatially resolved profile, many line integrated measurements are inverted using tomographic reconstruction techniques. Their success depends on a well known and optimised definition of the viewing cones of every line-of-sight. To this aim a set of equations has been derived and put in hierarchical order to define the design parameters for bolometer cameras in fusion experiments. In particular, previous considerations, which focussed on the beam width overlap and light yield optimisation, are extended to explicitly take geometrical boundary conditions imposed by the experimental device into account, with an emphasis on small gap sizes through which viewing cones have to pass through. The equations are derived for both camera types, collimator and pin-hole versions. The results obtained can be used to design bolometer cameras for any fusion device, but in particular also for ITER. An example of such an application is given and implications for the realisation of the optimal design are discussed.

  20. A simple and efficient parameter extraction procedure for physics based IGBT models

    OpenAIRE

    Rui Filipe Marques Chibante; Armando Luís Sousa Araújo; Adriano da Silva Carvalho

    2004-01-01

    Extraction of parameters for models of power semiconductors is a need for researchers working with development of power circuits. One of the drawbacks of physics based models is how to extract the numerous parameters to describe the model. Different approaches have been taken, most of them cumbersome to be solved.This paper presents a simple and accurate method of parameter extraction for physics based IGBT models. The procedure, based on an optimization algorithm (simulated annealing), is ea...

  1. Prediction of pyrolysis kinetic parameters from biomass constituents based on simplex-lattice mixture design☆

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Panusit Sungsuk; Sasiporn Chayaporn; Sasithorn Sunphorka; Prapan Kuchonthara; Pornpote Piumsomboon; Benjapon Chalermsinsuwan

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine the effect of the main chemical components of biomass:cel ulose, hemicel-lulose and lignin, on chemical kinetics of biomass pyrolysis. The experiments were designed based on a simplex-lattice mixture design. The pyrolysis was observed by using a thermogravimetric analyzer. The curves obtained from the employed analytical method fit the experimental data (R2 N 0.9). This indicated that this method has the potential to determine the kinetic parameters such as the activation energy (Ea), frequency factor (A) and re-action order (n) for each point of the experimental design. The results obtained from the simplex-lattice mixture design indicated that cellulose had a significant effect on Ea and A, and the interaction between cellulose and lignin had an important effect on the reaction order, n. The proposed models were then proved to be useful for predicting pyrolysis behavior in real biomass and so could be used as a simple approximation for predicting the overall trend of chemical reaction kinetics.

  2. DAKOTA, a multilevel parallel object-oriented framework for design optimization, parameter estimation, uncertainty quantification, and sensitivity analysis:version 4.0 reference manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Griffin, Joshua D. (Sandai National Labs, Livermore, CA); Eldred, Michael Scott; Martinez-Canales, Monica L. (Sandai National Labs, Livermore, CA); Watson, Jean-Paul; Kolda, Tamara Gibson (Sandai National Labs, Livermore, CA); Adams, Brian M.; Swiler, Laura Painton; Williams, Pamela J. (Sandai National Labs, Livermore, CA); Hough, Patricia Diane (Sandai National Labs, Livermore, CA); Gay, David M.; Dunlavy, Daniel M.; Eddy, John P.; Hart, William Eugene; Guinta, Anthony A.; Brown, Shannon L.

    2006-10-01

    The DAKOTA (Design Analysis Kit for Optimization and Terascale Applications) toolkit provides a flexible and extensible interface between simulation codes and iterative analysis methods. DAKOTA contains algorithms for optimization with gradient and nongradient-based methods; uncertainty quantification with sampling, reliability, and stochastic finite element methods; parameter estimation with nonlinear least squares methods; and sensitivity/variance analysis with design of experiments and parameter study methods. These capabilities may be used on their own or as components within advanced strategies such as surrogate-based optimization, mixed integer nonlinear programming, or optimization under uncertainty. By employing object-oriented design to implement abstractions of the key components required for iterative systems analyses, the DAKOTA toolkit provides a flexible and extensible problem-solving environment for design and performance analysis of computational models on high performance computers. This report serves as a reference manual for the commands specification for the DAKOTA software, providing input overviews, option descriptions, and example specifications.

  3. DAKOTA : a multilevel parallel object-oriented framework for design optimization, parameter estimation, uncertainty quantification, and sensitivity analysis. Version 5.0, user's reference manual.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eldred, Michael Scott; Dalbey, Keith R.; Bohnhoff, William J.; Adams, Brian M.; Swiler, Laura Painton; Hough, Patricia Diane (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA); Gay, David M.; Eddy, John P.; Haskell, Karen H.

    2010-05-01

    The DAKOTA (Design Analysis Kit for Optimization and Terascale Applications) toolkit provides a flexible and extensible interface between simulation codes and iterative analysis methods. DAKOTA contains algorithms for optimization with gradient and nongradient-based methods; uncertainty quantification with sampling, reliability, and stochastic finite element methods; parameter estimation with nonlinear least squares methods; and sensitivity/variance analysis with design of experiments and parameter study methods. These capabilities may be used on their own or as components within advanced strategies such as surrogate-based optimization, mixed integer nonlinear programming, or optimization under uncertainty. By employing object-oriented design to implement abstractions of the key components required for iterative systems analyses, the DAKOTA toolkit provides a flexible and extensible problem-solving environment for design and performance analysis of computational models on high performance computers. This report serves as a reference manual for the commands specification for the DAKOTA software, providing input overviews, option descriptions, and example specifications.

  4. Multiaxial fatigue criterion based on parameters from torsion and axial S-N curve

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Margetin

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Multiaxial high cycle fatigue is a topic that concerns nearly all industrial domains. In recent years, a great deal of recommendations how to address problems with multiaxial fatigue life time estimation have been made and a huge progress in the field has been achieved. Until now, however, no universal criterion for multiaxial fatigue has been proposed. Addressing this situation, this paper offers a design of a new multiaxial criterion for high cycle fatigue. This criterion is based on critical plane search. Damage parameter consists of a combination of normal and shear stresses on a critical plane (which is a plane with maximal shear stress amplitude. Material parameters used in proposed criterion are obtained from torsion and axial S-N curves. Proposed criterion correctly calculates life time for boundary loading condition (pure torsion and pure axial loading. Application of proposed model is demonstrated on biaxial loading and the results are verified with testing program using specimens made from S355 steel. Fatigue material parameters for proposed criterion and multiple sets of data for different combination of axial and torsional loading have been obtained during the experiment.

  5. Optimization of Process Parameters by Statistical Experimental Designs for the Production of Naringinase Enzyme by Marine Fungi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abeer Nasr Shehata

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Naringinase has attracted a great deal of attention in recent years due to its hydrolytic activities which include the production of rhamnose and prunin and debittering of citrus fruit juices. Screening of fifteen marine-derived fungi, locally isolated from Ismalia, Egypt, for naringinase enzyme production, indicated that Aspergillus niger was the most promising. In solid state fermentation (SSF of the agroindustrial waste, orange rind was used as a substrate containing naringin. Sequential optimization strategy, based on statistical experimental designs, was employed to enhance the production of the debittering naringinase enzyme. Effects of 19 variables were examined for their significance on naringinase production using Plackett-Burman factorial design. Significant parameters were further investigated using Taguchi’s (L16 45 orthogonal array design. Based on statistical analysis (ANOVA, the optimal combinations of the major constituents of media for maximal naringinase production were evaluated as follows: 15 g orange rind waste, 30 mL moisture content, 1% grape fruit, 1% NaNO3, 0.5% KH2PO4, 5 mM MgSO4, 5 mM FeSO4, and the initial pH 7.5. The activity obtained was more than 3.14-fold the basal production medium.

  6. Urban design based on public safety - Discussion on safety-based urban design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kaizhen CAI; Jianguo WANG

    2009-01-01

    Because of public safety problems in construction of urban surroundings, this paper expounds the necessity of the study on public safety-based urban design in perspective of modern city. It brings forward the concept of safety-based urban design and attempts to explore the basic connotation and contents with framework for studies.

  7. Reflections on Design-Based Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørngreen, Rikke

    2015-01-01

    , namely: Interaction Design and Action Research. The issues discussed are users’ needs, resistance, organizational relations, and alternative design solutions. Also, this type of online and competence development processes needs new empirical methods, and an argument for rigour in the DBR analysis......The paper is an extended and edited version of the HWID conference paper with the same titel. The paper discusses Design-Based Research (DBR), which is an approach that have a dual purpose: to develop domain theories and to develop the design, iteratively. The paper is an integrative review...... that identify and discuss critical elements in DBR, with a focus on online educational projects, where the learning process expands from a traditional classroom to everyday work and life practices, as in competence development projects. DBR is discussed up against two older, more mature, intervention approaches...

  8. Standardization of Game Based Learning Design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kelle, Sebastian; Klemke, Roland; Gruber, Marion; Specht, Marcus

    2011-01-01

    Kelle, S., Klemke, R., Gruber, M., & Specht, M. (2011). Standardization of Game Based Learning Design. In B. Murgante, O. Gervasi, A. Iglesias, D. Taniar, & B. O. Apduphan (Eds.), Computational Science and Its Applications - ICCSA 2011 (pp. 518-532). LNCS 6785 Berlin, Heidelberg & New York: Springer

  9. Standardization of Game Based Learning Design

    OpenAIRE

    Kelle, Sebastian; Klemke, Roland; Gruber, Marion; Specht, Marcus

    2011-01-01

    Kelle, S., Klemke, R., Gruber, M., & Specht, M. (2011). Standardization of Game Based Learning Design. In B. Murgante, O. Gervasi, A. Iglesias, D. Taniar, & B. O. Apduphan (Eds.), Computational Science and Its Applications - ICCSA 2011 (pp. 518-532). LNCS 6785 Berlin, Heidelberg & New York: Springer.

  10. Knowledge Based Design of Axial Flow Compressor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinesh kumar.R

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In the aerospace industry with highly competitive market the time to design and delivery is shortening every day. Pressure on delivering robust product with cost economy is in demand in each development. Even though technology is older, it is new for each customer requirement and highly non-liner to fit one in another place. Gas turbine is considered one of a complex design in the aircraft system. It involves experts to be grouped with designers of various segments to arrive the best output. The time is crucial to achieve a best design and it needs knowledge automation incorporated with CAD/CAE tools. In the present work an innovative idea in the form of Knowledge Based Engineering for axial compressor is proposed, this includes the fundamental design of axial compressor integrated with artificial intelligence in the form of knowledge capturing and programmed with high level language (Visual Basis.Net and embedded into CATIA v5. This KBE frame work eases out the design and modeling of axial compressor design and produces 3D modeling for further flow simulation with fluid dynamic in Ansys-Fluent. Most of the aerospace components are developed through simulation driven product development and in this case it is established for axial compressor.

  11. A Well-Designed Parameter Estimation Method for Lifetime Prediction of Deteriorating Systems with Both Smooth Degradation and Abrupt Damage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chuanqiang Yu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Deteriorating systems, which are subject to both continuous smooth degradation and additional abrupt damages due to a shock process, can be often encountered in engineering. Modeling the degradation evolution and predicting the lifetime of this kind of systems are both interesting and challenging in practice. In this paper, we model the degradation trajectory of the deteriorating system by a random coefficient regression (RCR model with positive jumps, where the RCR part is used to model the continuous smooth degradation of the system and the jump part is used to characterize the abrupt damages due to random shocks. Based on a specified threshold level, the probability density function (PDF and cumulative distribution function (CDF of the lifetime can be derived analytically. The unknown parameters associated with the derived lifetime distributions can be estimated via a well-designed parameter estimation procedure on the basis of the available degradation recordings of the deteriorating systems. An illustrative example is finally provided to demonstrate the implementation and superiority of the newly proposed lifetime prediction method. The experimental results reveal that our proposed lifetime prediction method with the dedicated parameter estimation strategy can get more accurate lifetime predictions than the rival model in literature.

  12. A systematic optimization of design parameters in strained silicon waveguides to further enhance the linear electro-optic effect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olivares, Irene; Angelova, Todora I.; Pinilla-Cienfuegos, Elena; Sanchis, Pablo

    2016-05-01

    The electro-optic Pockels effect may be generated in silicon photonics structures by breaking the crystal symmetry by means of a highly stressing cladding layer (typically silicon nitride, SiN) deposited on top of the silicon waveguide. In this work, the influence of the waveguide parameters on the strain distribution and its overlap with the optical mode to enhance the Pockels effect has been analyzed. The optimum waveguide structure have been designed based on the definition and quantification of a figure of merit. The fabrication of highly stressing SiN layers by PECVD has also been optimized to characterize the designed structures. The residual stress has been controlled during the growth process by analyzing the influence of the main deposition parameters. Therefore, two identical samples with low and high stress conditions were fabricated and electro-optically characterized to test the induced Pockels effect and the influence of carrier effects. Electro-optical modulation was only measured in the sample with the high stressing SiN layer that could be attributed to the Pockels effect. Nevertheless, the influence of carriers were also observed thus making necessary additional experiments to decouple both effects.

  13. Pseudo Open Drain IO Standards Based Energy Efficient Solar Charge Sensor Design on 20nm FPGA

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kalia, K; Pandey, B; Nanda, K;

    2015-01-01

    In this paper an approach is made to design Pseudo open drain IO standards Based Energy efficient solar charge sensor design on 20nm and 28nm technology. We have used LVCMOS18, POD10, POD10_DCI and POD12 I/O standard. In this design, we have taken two main parameters for analysis that are frequen...

  14. Optimization of rheological parameter for micro-bubble drilling fluids by multiple regression experimental design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑力会; 王金凤; 李潇鹏; 张燕; 李都

    2008-01-01

    In order to optimize plastic viscosity of 18 mPa·s circulating micro-bubble drilling fluid formula,orthogonal and uniform experimental design methods were applied,and the plastic viscosities of 36 and 24 groups of agent were tested,respectively.It is found that these two experimental design methods show drawbacks,that is,the amount of agent is difficult to determine,and the results are not fully optimized.Therefore,multiple regression experimental method was used to design experimental formula.By randomly selecting arbitrary agent with the amount within the recommended range,17 groups of drilling fluid formula were designed,and the plastic viscosity of each experiment formula was measured.Set plastic viscosity as the objective function,through multiple regressions,then quadratic regression model is obtained,whose correlation coefficient meets the requirement.Set target values of plastic viscosity to be 18,20 and 22 mPa·s,respectively,with the trial method,5 drilling fluid formulas are obtained with accuracy of 0.000 3,0.000 1 and 0.000 3.Arbitrarily select target value of each of the two groups under the formula for experimental verification of drilling fluid,then the measurement errors between theoretical and tested plastic viscosity are less than 5%,confirming that regression model can be applied to optimizing the circulating of plastic-foam drilling fluid viscosity.In accordance with the precision of different formulations of drilling fluid for other constraints,the methods result in the optimization of the circulating micro-bubble drilling fluid parameters.

  15. Optimization design of main parameters for double spiral grooves face seal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The optimization design of the parameters, such as the groove depth, groove number, ratio of the groove width to the land width, and spiral angle of a new kind of double spiral grooves face seal, which works under the condition of high velocity, high sealing pressure and ultra-low temperature, is presented under the assump-tion of fixed closure force by finite element analysis method. The results show that the stiffness of the maximum film can be obtained when the ratio of the groove width to the land width is 0.5 and the spiral angle is about 75 degrees, when the influence of the groove number on the sealing performance is not obvious.

  16. Optimization design of main parameters for double spiral grooves face seal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Zhong; LIU Ying; LIU XiangFeng

    2007-01-01

    The optimization design of the parameters, such as the groove depth, groove number, ratio of the groove width to the land width, and spiral angle of a new kind of double spiral grooves face seal, which works under the condition of high velocity, high sealing pressure and ultra-low temperature, is presented under the assumption of fixed closure force by finite element analysis method. The results show that the stiffness of the maximum film can be obtained when the ratio of the groove width to the land width is 0.5 and the spiral angle is about 75 degrees, when the influence of the groove number on the sealing performance is not obvious.

  17. ROBUST DESIGN OF A TWO DEGREE FREEDOM SYSTEM DUE TO THE PARAMETER UNCERTAINTY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    A method based on the robust design optimization is presented to handle the structural uncertainty problems. The variations caused in dynamic performance can be expressed by the mean response and the standard deviation of the performance. The robust optimization approach, based on a multi-objective and non-deterministic method, attempts to both optimize the mean performance and minimize the variance of the performance simultaneously. The best possible design optimization is chosen by a trade-off decision. An example of robust design of a two degree freedom system is used to effectively illustrate the application in dynamics. The mass and stiffness uncertainty in the main system as well as the uncertainty of the mass, stiffness and damping in the absorber are considered all together in order to minimize the displacement response of the main system within a wide band of excitation frequencies. The robust optimization results show a significant improvement in performance compared with the conventional solution recommended from vibration textbooks. It is indicated that robust design methods have great potential for application in structural dynamics to deal with uncertainty problems.

  18. Waveguide design parameters impact on absorption in graphene coated silicon photonic integrated circuits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovacevic, Goran; Yamashita, Shinji

    2016-02-22

    In this paper, we propose a new way of estimating the absorption in graphene coated silicon wire waveguides based on a self-developed, modified 2D Finite Difference Method, and use it to obtain a detailed absorption dependency of the waveguide design. For the first time, we observe peaks in the TM mode absorption curves, as well as the reversals of the dominantly absorbed mode with waveguide design variation, both of which have not been predicted previously theoretically, but have been implied through experimental results. We also provide a qualitative explanation of our novel numerical results, and explain how these results can be utilized in optimization of various graphene based integrated devices like optical modulators, photodetectors and optical polarizers. PMID:26907015

  19. An adaptive image denoising method based on local parameters optimization

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Hari Om; Mantosh Biswas

    2014-08-01

    In image denoising algorithms, the noise is handled by either modifying term-by-term, i.e., individual pixels or block-by-block, i.e., group of pixels, using suitable shrinkage factor and threshold function. The shrinkage factor is generally a function of threshold and some other characteristics of the neighbouring pixels of the pixel to be thresholded (denoised). The threshold is determined in terms of the noise variance present in the image and its size. The VisuShrink, SureShrink, and NeighShrink methods are important denoising methods that provide good results. The first two, i.e., VisuShrink and SureShrink methods follow term-by-term approach, i.e., modify the individual pixel and the third one, i.e., NeighShrink and its variants: ModiNeighShrink, IIDMWD, and IAWDMBMC, follow block-by-block approach, i.e., modify the pixels in groups, in order to remove the noise. The VisuShrink, SureShrink, and NeighShrink methods however do not give very good visual quality because they remove too many coefficients due to their high threshold values. In this paper, we propose an image denoising method that uses the local parameters of the neighbouring coefficients of the pixel to be denoised in the noisy image. In our method, we propose two new shrinkage factors and the threshold at each decomposition level, which lead to better visual quality. We also establish the relationship between both the shrinkage factors. We compare the performance of our method with that of the VisuShrink and NeighShrink including various variants. Simulation results show that our proposed method has high peak signal-to-noise ratio and good visual quality of the image as compared to the traditional methods:Weiner filter, VisuShrink, SureShrink, NeighBlock, NeighShrink, ModiNeighShrink, LAWML, IIDMWT, and IAWDMBNC methods.

  20. Deep silicon etch for biology MEMS fabrication: review of process parameters influence versus chip design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magis, T.; Ballerand, S.; Bellemin Comte, A.; Pollet, Olivier

    2013-03-01

    Micro-system for biology is a growing market, especially for micro-fluidic applications (environment and health). Key part for the manufacturing of biology MEMS is the deep silicon etching by plasma to create microstructures. Usual etching process as an alternation of etching and passivation steps is a well-known method for MEMS fabrication, nowadays used in high volume production for devices like sensors and actuators. MEMS for biology applications are very different in design compared to more common micro-systems like accelerometers for instance. Indeed, their design includes on the same chip structures of very diverse size like narrow pillars, large trenches and wide cavities. This makes biology MEMS fabrication very challenging for DRIE, since each type of feature considered individually would require a specific etch process. Furthermore process parameters suited to match specifications on small size features (vertical profile, low sidewall roughness) induce issues and defects on bigger structures (undercut, micro-masking) and vice versa. Thus the process window is constrained leading to trade-offs in process development. In this paper process parameters such as source and platen powers, pressure, etching and passivation gas flows and steps duration were investigated to achieve all requirements. As well interactions between those different factors were characterized at different levels, from individual critical feature up to chip scale and to wafer scale. We will show the plasma process development and tuning to reach all these specifications. We also compared different chambers configurations of our ICP tool (source wafer distance, plasma diffusion) in order to obtain a good combination of hardware and process. With optimized etching we successfully fabricate micro-fluidic devices like micro-pumps.

  1. Calculation of Design Parameters for an Equilibrium LEU Core in the NBSR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hanson, A.L.; Diamond, D.

    2011-09-30

    A plan is being developed for the conversion of the NIST research reactor (NBSR) from high-enriched uranium (HEU) fuel to low-enriched uranium (LEU) fuel. Previously, the design of the LEU fuel had been determined in order to provide the users of the NBSR with the same cycle length as exists for the current HEU fueled reactor. The fuel composition at different points within an equilibrium fuel cycle had also been determined. In the present study, neutronics parameters have been calculated for these times in the fuel cycle for both the existing HEU and the proposed LEU equilibrium cores. The results showed differences between the HEU and LEU cores that would not lead to any significant changes in the safety analysis for the converted core. In general the changes were reasonable except that the figure-of-merit for neutrons that can be used by experimentalists shows there will be a 10% reduction in performance. The calculations included kinetics parameters, reactivity coefficients, reactivity worths of control elements and abnormal configurations, and power distributions.

  2. Advanced calculational methods for power reactors and LWR core design parameters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of the Specialists Meeting on Advanced Calculational Methods for Power Reactors, held in Cadarache, France, 10-14 September 1990, was to provide a forum for reviewing and discussing selected core physics of water cooled reactors (including high convertors). New methods of advanced calculation for advanced fuels and complex geometries of next generation reactors with a high level of accuracy were discussed and the importance of supercomputing and on-line monitoring was also acknowledged. The meeting was attended by about 60 participants from 20 countries who presented 30 papers. The Technical Committee Meeting on LWR Core Design Parameters, held in Rez, former Czechoslovakia, 7-11 October 1991, provided an opportunity for participants to exchange their experience on reactor physics aspects of benchmark calculations of various lattices, methods for core parameter calculations, core monitoring and in-core fuel management. At the Workshop there were further discussions related to the benchmark problems, homogenization techniques and cross-section representations. Thirty-five papers were presented by about 43 participants from 19 countries. A separate abstract was prepared for each of the mentioned papers. Refs, figs and tabs

  3. Parameter Studies, time-dependent simulations and design with automated Cartesian methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aftosmis, Michael

    2005-01-01

    Over the past decade, NASA has made a substantial investment in developing adaptive Cartesian grid methods for aerodynamic simulation. Cartesian-based methods played a key role in both the Space Shuttle Accident Investigation and in NASA's return to flight activities. The talk will provide an overview of recent technological developments focusing on the generation of large-scale aerodynamic databases, automated CAD-based design, and time-dependent simulations with of bodies in relative motion. Automation, scalability and robustness underly all of these applications and research in each of these topics will be presented.

  4. Finite-Element Model-Based Design Synthesis of Axial Flux PMBLDC Motors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fasil, Muhammed; Mijatovic, Nenad; Jensen, Bogi Bech;

    2016-01-01

    of a unique solution. The designer can later select a design, based on comparing parameters of the designs, which are critical to the application that the motor will be used. The presented approach makes it easier to define constraints for a design synthesis problem. A detailed description of the setting up...... is demonstrated by designing a segmented axial torus PMBLDC motor for an electric two-wheeler....

  5. Entropy-Based Search Algorithm for Experimental Design

    CERN Document Server

    Malakar, N K

    2010-01-01

    The scientific method relies on the iterated processes of inference and inquiry. The inference phase consists of selecting the most probable models based on the available data; whereas the inquiry phase consists of using what is known about the models to select the most relevant experiment. Optimizing inquiry involves searching the parameterized space of experiments to select the experiment that promises, on average, to be maximally informative. In the case where it is important to learn about each of the model parameters, the relevance of an experiment is quantified by Shannon entropy of the distribution of experimental outcomes predicted by a probable set of models. If the set of potential experiments is described by many parameters, we must search this high-dimensional entropy space. Brute force search methods will be slow and computationally expensive. We present an entropy-based search algorithm, called nested entropy sampling, to select the most informative experiment for efficient experimental design. ...

  6. Parameter design and performance analysis of shift actuator for a two-speed automatic mechanical transmission for pure electric vehicles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianjun Hu

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Recent developments of pure electric vehicles have shown that pure electric vehicles equipped with two-speed or multi-speed gearbox possess higher energy efficiency by ensuring the drive motor operates at its peak performance range. This article presents the design, analysis, and control of a two-speed automatic mechanical transmission for pure electric vehicles. The shift actuator is based on a motor-controlled camshaft where a special geometric groove is machined, and the camshaft realizes the axial positions of the synchronizer sleeve for gear engaging, disengaging, and speed control of the drive motor. Based on the force analysis of shift process, the parameters of shift actuator and shift motor are designed. The drive motor’s torque control strategy before shifting, speed governing control strategy before engaging, shift actuator’s control strategy during gear engaging, and drive motor’s torque recovery strategy after shift process are proposed and implemented with a prototype. To validate the performance of the two-speed gearbox, a test bed was developed based on dSPACE that emulates various operation conditions. The experimental results indicate that the shift process with the proposed shift actuator and control strategy could be accomplished within 1 s under various operation conditions, with shift smoothness up to passenger car standard.

  7. Design Concept and Parameters of a 15 T $Nb_{3}Sn$ Dipole Demonstrator for a 100 TEV Hadron Collider

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zlobin, A. V. [Fermilab; Andreev, N. [Fermilab; Barzi, E. [Fermilab; Kashikhin, V. V. [Fermilab; Novitski, I. [Fermilab

    2015-06-01

    FNAL has started the development of a 15 T $Nb_{3}Sn$ dipole demonstrator for a 100 TeV scale hadron collider. This paper describes the design concept and parameters of the 15 T $Nb_{3}Sn$ dipole demonstrator. The dipole magnetic, mechanical and quench protection concept and parameters are presented and discussed.

  8. Design Concepts for Muon-Based Accelerators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ryne, R. D. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Berg, J. S. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Kirk, H. G. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Palmer, R. B. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Stratkis, D. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Alexahin, Y. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Bross, A. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Gollwitzer, K. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Mokhov, N. V. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Neuffer, D. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Palmer, M. A. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Yonehara, K. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Snopok, P. [IIT, Chicago, IL (United States); Bogacz, A. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States); Roberts, T. J. [Muons Inc., Batavia, IL (United States); Delahaye, J. -P. [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)

    2015-05-01

    Muon-based accelerators have the potential to enable facilities at both the Intensity and the Energy Frontiers. Muon storage rings can serve as high precision neutrino sources, and a muon collider is an ideal technology for a TeV or multi-TeV collider. Progress in muon accelerator designs has advanced steadily in recent years. In regard to 6D muon cooling, detailed and realistic designs now exist that provide more than 5 order-of-magnitude emittance reduction. Furthermore, detector performance studies indicate that with suitable pixelation and timing resolution, backgrounds in the collider detectors can be significantly reduced, thus enabling high-quality physics results. Thanks to these and other advances in design & simulation of muon systems, technology development, and systems demonstrations, muon storage-ring-based neutrino sources and a muon collider appear more feasible than ever before. A muon collider is now arguably among the most compelling approaches to a multi-TeV lepton collider. This paper summarizes the current status of design concepts for muon-based accelerators for neutrino factories and a muon collider.

  9. Design Concepts for Muon-Based Accelerators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ryne, R. D.; et al.

    2015-05-01

    Muon-based accelerators have the potential to enable facilities at both the Intensity and the Energy Frontiers. Muon storage rings can serve as high precision neutrino sources, and a muon collider is an ideal technology for a TeV or multi-TeV collider. Progress in muon accelerator designs has advanced steadily in recent years. In regard to 6D muon cooling, detailed and realistic designs now exist that provide more than 5 order-of-magnitude emittance reduction. Furthermore, detector performance studies indicate that with suitable pixelation and timing resolution, backgrounds in the collider detectors can be significantly reduced thus enabling high quality physics results. Thanks to these and other advances in design & simulation of muon systems, technology development, and systems demonstrations, muon storage-ring-based neutrino sources and a muon collider appear more feasible than ever before. A muon collider is now arguably among the most compelling approaches to a multi-TeV lepton collider. This paper summarizes the current status of design concepts for muon-based accelerators for neutrino factories and a muon collider.

  10. GPU based Monte Carlo for PET image reconstruction: parameter optimization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents the optimization of a fully Monte Carlo (MC) based iterative image reconstruction of Positron Emission Tomography (PET) measurements. With our MC re- construction method all the physical effects in a PET system are taken into account thus superior image quality is achieved in exchange for increased computational effort. The method is feasible because we utilize the enormous processing power of Graphical Processing Units (GPUs) to solve the inherently parallel problem of photon transport. The MC approach regards the simulated positron decays as samples in mathematical sums required in the iterative reconstruction algorithm, so to complement the fast architecture, our work of optimization focuses on the number of simulated positron decays required to obtain sufficient image quality. We have achieved significant results in determining the optimal number of samples for arbitrary measurement data, this allows to achieve the best image quality with the least possible computational effort. Based on this research recommendations can be given for effective partitioning of computational effort into the iterations in limited time reconstructions. (author)

  11. Design of LTCC Based Fractal Antenna

    KAUST Repository

    AdbulGhaffar, Farhan

    2010-09-01

    The thesis presents a Sierpinski Carpet fractal antenna array designed at 24 GHz for automotive radar applications. Miniaturized, high performance and low cost antennas are required for this application. To meet these specifications a fractal array has been designed for the first time on Low Temperature Co-fired Ceramic (LTCC) based substrate. LTCC provides a suitable platform for the development of these antennas due to its properties of vertical stack up and embedded passives. The complete antenna concept involves integration of this fractal antenna array with a Fresnel lens antenna providing a total gain of 15dB which is appropriate for medium range radar applications. The thesis also presents a comparison between the designed fractal antenna and a conventional patch antenna outlining the advantages of fractal antenna over the later one. The fractal antenna has a bandwidth of 1.8 GHz which is 7.5% of the centre frequency (24GHz) as compared to 1.9% of the conventional patch antenna. Furthermore the fractal design exhibits a size reduction of 53% as compared to the patch antenna. In the end a sensitivity analysis is carried out for the fractal antenna design depicting the robustness of the proposed design against the typical LTCC fabrication tolerances.

  12. Relationship Between Measured Friction Coefficients and Two Tread Groove Design Parameters for Footwear Pads

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Kai Way; CHEN Chin Jung; LIN Ching-Hua; HSU Yao Wen

    2006-01-01

    The shoe sole geometrical design parameters are believed to be important factors affecting the coefficient of friction (COF) between the shoe/floor interface. This study is concerned with the relationship between the measured COF and the tread groove orientation and width on the footwear pad. Friction measurements using the Brungraber Mark Ⅱ slipmeter were conducted. Six tread groove width/orientations designs on the footwear pads under 27 footwear material/floor/contamination conditions were tested. The results show that tread orientation and width affect the measured COF significantly. Wider grooved footwear pads result in higher COF values and footwear pads with tread grooves perpendicular to the friction measurement direction have higher COF values. A regression model using measured COF as the dependent variable and tread groove width, groove orientation, footwear material, floor, and contamination conditions as independent variables was established. The models are significant at p<0.0001 with R2 of 0.97, which may be used in predicting the COF at the shoe-floor interface.

  13. A sensitivity analysis of hazardous waste disposal site climatic and soil design parameters using HELP3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Subtitle C, Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, And Liability Act (CERCLA), and subsequent amendments have formed a comprehensive framework to deal with hazardous wastes on the national level. Key to this waste management is guidance on design (e.g., cover and bottom leachate control systems) of hazardous waste landfills. The objective of this research was to investigate the sensitivity of leachate volume at hazardous waste disposal sites to climatic, soil cover, and vegetative cover (Leaf Area Index) conditions. The computer model HELP3 which has the capability to simulate double bottom liner systems as called for in hazardous waste disposal sites was used in the analysis. HELP3 was used to model 54 combinations of climatic conditions, disposal site soil surface curve numbers, and leaf area index values to investigate how sensitive disposal site leachate volume was to these three variables. Results showed that leachate volume from the bottom double liner system was not sensitive to these parameters. However, the cover liner system leachate volume was quite sensitive to climatic conditions and less sensitive to Leaf Area Index and curve number values. Since humid locations had considerably more cover liner system leachate volume than and locations, different design standards may be appropriate for humid conditions than for and conditions

  14. Improvements in welding parameters for a new design of zircaloy-4 tube-end plug joints

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work presents the experimental results for the characterization of welds using a new design for zircaloy-4 tube-end plug joints, applicable to the production of fuel elements for the Atucha I Nuclear Plant. Test specimens were prepared following the new joint design and were welded using orbital welding equipment. Hydrogen content was measured in the different welding areas, and corrosion tests, and mechanical and microstructural descriptions were carried out, obtaining values that meet the current production standards. We reported previously that test samples welded in equipment with a smaller camera showed some relatively high hydrogen levels, together with alterations in the welded zone in the corrosion tests. Given these results, new tests were undertaken to optimize the welding parameters, being very careful with the purity of the welding atmosphere and in the handling of the samples. The intensity of the welding current was increased slightly to obtain better penetration of the material, without significantly increasing the heat input. The traction resistance values improved, reducing the hydrogen content to well below the maximum allowed by the standards (25 ppm) in all the welding zones and obtaining satisfactory results in the corrosion tests

  15. A sensitivity analysis of hazardous waste disposal site climatic and soil design parameters using HELP3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adelman, D.D. [Water Resources Engineer, Lincoln, NE (United States); Stansbury, J. [Univ. of Nebraska-Lincoln, Omaha, NE (United States)

    1997-12-31

    The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Subtitle C, Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, And Liability Act (CERCLA), and subsequent amendments have formed a comprehensive framework to deal with hazardous wastes on the national level. Key to this waste management is guidance on design (e.g., cover and bottom leachate control systems) of hazardous waste landfills. The objective of this research was to investigate the sensitivity of leachate volume at hazardous waste disposal sites to climatic, soil cover, and vegetative cover (Leaf Area Index) conditions. The computer model HELP3 which has the capability to simulate double bottom liner systems as called for in hazardous waste disposal sites was used in the analysis. HELP3 was used to model 54 combinations of climatic conditions, disposal site soil surface curve numbers, and leaf area index values to investigate how sensitive disposal site leachate volume was to these three variables. Results showed that leachate volume from the bottom double liner system was not sensitive to these parameters. However, the cover liner system leachate volume was quite sensitive to climatic conditions and less sensitive to Leaf Area Index and curve number values. Since humid locations had considerably more cover liner system leachate volume than and locations, different design standards may be appropriate for humid conditions than for and conditions.

  16. Design Strategies for Aptamer-Based Biosensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kun Han

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Aptamers have been widely used as recognition elements for biosensor construction, especially in the detection of proteins or small molecule targets, and regarded as promising alternatives for antibodies in bioassay areas. In this review, we present an overview of reported design strategies for the fabrication of biosensors and classify them into four basic modes: target-induced structure switching mode, sandwich or sandwich-like mode, target-induced dissociation/displacement mode and competitive replacement mode. In view of the unprecedented advantages brought about by aptamers and smart design strategies, aptamer-based biosensors are expected to be one of the most promising devices in bioassay related applications.

  17. Interactive Reliability-Based Optimal Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, John Dalsgaard; Thoft-Christensen, Palle; Siemaszko, A.;

    1994-01-01

    tasks, namely finite element analyses, sensitivity analyses, reliability analyses and application of an optimization algorithm. In the paper it is shown how these four tasks can be linked effectively and how existing information on design variables, Lagrange multipliers and the Hessian matrix can......Interactive design/optimization of large, complex structural systems is considered. The objective function is assumed to model the expected costs. The constraints are reliability-based and/or related to deterministic code requirements. Solution of this optimization problem is divided in four main...... be used in interactive optimization....

  18. Design of LVDT Based Digital Weighing System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pratiksha Sarma

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available - Linear variable differential transformer (LVDT has evolved into a highly accurate and reliable form of displacement transducer and has found widespread application in industry for the measurement of displacement, force or pressure. This paper discusses the design consideration of an LVDT based digital weighing system capable of weighing up to 1000 grams (1 kilogram. Atmel 89S52 microcontroller is used to acquire, process and display the weight into 16x2 LCD. The system has been designed and calibrated using standard weights and is found to be simple and of low cost.

  19. Design of ANSYS-based Cathode with Complex Groove

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范植坚; 赵刚刚; 张丽娟

    2012-01-01

    The profile of cathode with complex groove needs to be modified time after time during design of electrochemical machining (ECM) cathode.A design scheme using finite element method (FEM) for cathode with complex profile is put forward to shorten the period of cathode design.Based on Laplace equation,the potential distribution on parameter-transformation model was calculated by using ANSYS,which is compared to the potential distribution calculated by substituting conductivity and current efficiency into Laplace equation.According to the difference between the results calculated and simulated by ANSYS,the cathode profile was modified by adjusting the cathode boundary.The experiments show that the dimensions and shape of workpiece machined by numerically simulated cathode conform well with the blueprint.

  20. Value-based management of design reuse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carballo, Juan Antonio; Cohn, David L.; Belluomini, Wendy; Montoye, Robert K.

    2003-06-01

    Effective design reuse in electronic products has the potential to provide very large cost savings, substantial time-to-market reduction, and extra sources of revenue. Unfortunately, critical reuse opportunities are often missed because, although they provide clear value to the corporation, they may not benefit the business performance of an internal organization. It is therefore crucial to provide tools to help reuse partners participate in a reuse transaction when the transaction provides value to the corporation as a whole. Value-based Reuse Management (VRM) addresses this challenge by (a) ensuring that all parties can quickly assess the business performance impact of a reuse opportunity, and (b) encouraging high-value reuse opportunities by supplying value-based rewards to potential parties. In this paper we introduce the Value-Based Reuse Management approach and we describe key results on electronic designs that demonstrate its advantages. Our results indicate that Value-Based Reuse Management has the potential to significantly increase the success probability of high-value electronic design reuse.