WorldWideScience

Sample records for based board review

  1. Correlation Between An Email Based Board Review Program and American Board of Pediatrics General Pediatrics Certifying Examination Scores

    OpenAIRE

    Langenau, Erik E.; Fogel, Joshua; Schaeffer, Henry A.

    2009-01-01

    Objective To investigate the impact of a weekly email based board review course on individual resident performance on the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) General Pediatrics Certifying Examination for pediatric residents and, specifically, residents with low ABP In-training Examination (ITE) scores. Methods Weekly board-type questions were emailed to all pediatric residents from 2004–2007. Responses to board-type questions were tracked, recorded, and correlated with ITE scores and ABP Gener...

  2. Correlation Between An Email Based Board Review Program and American Board of Pediatrics General Pediatrics Certifying Examination Scores

    OpenAIRE

    Langenau, Erik E.; Fogel, Joshua; Schaeffer, Henry A.

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the impact of a weekly email based board review course on individual resident performance on the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) General Pediatrics Certifying Examination for pediatric residents and, specifically, residents with low ABP In-training Examination (ITE) scores. Methods: Weekly board-type questions were emailed to all pediatric residents from 2004_2007. Responses to board-type questions were tracked, recorded, and correlated with ITE scores and ABP Gen...

  3. 77 FR 15753 - Request for Nominations of Experts for a Science Advisory Board Panel To Review EPA's Web-Based...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-16

    ... AGENCY Request for Nominations of Experts for a Science Advisory Board Panel To Review EPA's Web-Based... Environmental Protection Agency Science Advisory Board (EPA-SAB-EC-02-010), which is posted on the SAB Web site... Science Advisory Board (SAB) Staff Office requests public nominations of technical experts to form an...

  4. Battery Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaughn, Chester

    1993-01-01

    The topics covered are presented in viewgraph form: NASA Battery Review Board Charter; membership, board chronology; background; statement of problem; summary of problems with 50 AH standard Ni-Cd; activities for near term programs utilizing conventional Ni-Cd; present projects scheduled to use NASA standard Ni-Cd; other near-term NASA programs requiring secondary batteries; recommended direction for future programs; future cell/battery procurement strategy; and the NASA Battery Program.

  5. 75 FR 69706 - SES Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD SES Performance Review Board AGENCY: National Transportation Safety Board. ACTION: Notice... by the Office of Personnel Management, one or more SES Performance Review Boards. The board...

  6. 78 FR 60321 - SES Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD SES Performance Review Board AGENCY: National Transportation Safety Board. ACTION: Notice... by the Office of Personnel Management, one or more SES Performance Review Boards. The board...

  7. 77 FR 60146 - SES Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD SES Performance Review Board AGENCY: National Transportation Safety Board. ACTION: Notice... by the Office of Personnel Management, one or more SES Performance Review Boards. The board...

  8. Institutional review board challenges related to community-based participatory research on human exposure to environmental toxins: A case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudel Ruthann A

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background We report on the challenges of obtaining Institutional Review Board (IRB coverage for a community-based participatory research (CBPR environmental justice project, which involved reporting biomonitoring and household exposure results to participants, and included lay participation in research. Methods We draw on our experiences guiding a multi-partner CBPR project through university and state Institutional Review Board reviews, and other CBPR colleagues' written accounts and conference presentations and discussions. We also interviewed academics involved in CBPR to learn of their challenges with Institutional Review Boards. Results We found that Institutional Review Boards are generally unfamiliar with CBPR, reluctant to oversee community partners, and resistant to ongoing researcher-participant interaction. Institutional Review Boards sometimes unintentionally violate the very principles of beneficence and justice which they are supposed to uphold. For example, some Institutional Review Boards refuse to allow report-back of individual data to participants, which contradicts the CBPR principles that guide a growing number of projects. This causes significant delays and may divert research and dissemination efforts. Our extensive education of our university Institutional Review Board convinced them to provide human subjects protection coverage for two community-based organizations in our partnership. Conclusions IRBs and funders should develop clear, routine review guidelines that respect the unique qualities of CBPR, while researchers and community partners can educate IRB staff and board members about the objectives, ethical frameworks, and research methods of CBPR. These strategies can better protect research participants from the harm of unnecessary delays and exclusion from the research process, while facilitating the ethical communication of study results to participants and communities.

  9. 77 FR 61379 - Performance Review Board Membership

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-09

    ... Performance Review Board Membership AGENCY: Economics and Statistics Administration, Department of Commerce... Review Board (PRB) in accordance with the Economics and Statistics Administration's Senior Executive... Management Chair, Performance Review Board. BILLING CODE 3510-BS-P...

  10. 78 FR 22545 - Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-16

    ...: Harriette H. Charbonneau, Director of Human Resources, Federal Maritime Commission, 800 North Capitol Street... Management, one or more performance review boards. The board shall review and evaluate the initial appraisal..., Director, Strategic Planning and Regulatory Review BILLING CODE P...

  11. 78 FR 66785 - SES Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD SES Performance Review Board AGENCY: National Transportation Safety Board. ACTION: Notice... with regulations prescribed by the Office of Personnel Management, one or more SES Performance...

  12. 78 FR 67333 - Performance Review Board Membership

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-12

    ... Performance Review Board Membership AGENCY: Economics and Statistics Administration, Department of Commerce... Review Board (PRB) in accordance with the Economics and Statistics Administration's Senior Executive.... Arnold, Associate Under Secretary for Management, Chair, Performance Review Board. BILLING CODE 3510-BS-P...

  13. 75 FR 57987 - SES Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND HUMANITIES SES Performance Review Board AGENCY: National Endowment for the Arts. ACTION... Management, one or more SES Performance Review Boards. The Board shall review and evaluate the...

  14. 78 FR 42807 - SES Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND HUMANITIES SES Performance Review Board AGENCY: National Endowment for the Arts. ACTION... Management, one or more SES Performance Review Boards. The Board shall review and evaluate the...

  15. 76 FR 70169 - SES Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-10

    ..., Performance Review Board (PRB). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Emily T. Carroll, Chief, Human Resources... by the Office of Personnel Management, one or more SES Performance Review Boards. The board reviews... Gidner, Deputy Director, Office of Strategic Employee and Organizational Development, Department of...

  16. 77 FR 65552 - SES Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION SES Performance Review Board AGENCY: General Services Administration. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY... regulations prescribed by the Office of Personnel Management, one or more SES performance review board(s)....

  17. 75 FR 57440 - Performance Review Board Membership

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-21

    ... Performance Review Board Membership AGENCY: Economics and Statistics Administration, Commerce. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: Below is a listing of individuals who are eligible to serve on the Performance Review Board in accordance with the Economics and Statistics Administration's Senior Executive Service and...

  18. 76 FR 57712 - Performance Review Board Membership

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-16

    ... Performance Review Board Membership AGENCY: Economics and Statistics Administration, Commerce. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: Below is a listing of individuals who are eligible to serve on the Performance Review Board (PRB) in accordance with the Economics and Statistics Administration's Senior ] Executive Service...

  19. 76 FR 51368 - SES Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION SES Performance Review Board AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the appointment of members to the FTC Performance Review Board. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:...

  20. 75 FR 60125 - SES Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION SES Performance Review Board AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the appointment of members to the FTC Performance Review Board. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:...

  1. 77 FR 33460 - SES Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION SES Performance Review Board AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the appointment of members to the FTC Performance Review Board. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:...

  2. 78 FR 56703 - SES Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION SES Performance Review Board AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the appointment of members to the Federal Trade Commission Performance Review Board. FOR...

  3. 75 FR 34519 - SES Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT AGENCY SES Performance Review Board AGENCY: U.S. Trade and Development Agency. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY... regulations prescribed by the Office of Personnel Management, one or more SES Performance Review Boards....

  4. Institutional review board and regulatory solutions in the dental PBRN

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gilbert, Gregg H; Qvist, Vibeke; Moore, Sheila D;

    2010-01-01

    Effectively addressing regulatory and human participant protection issues with Institutional Review Boards (IRBs, or ethics committees) and grants administration entities is an important component of conducting research in large collaborative networks. A dental practice-based research network cal...

  5. 76 FR 55677 - Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-08

    ... ADMINISTRATION Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board AGENCY: General Services Administration... Administration SES Performance Review Board. The Performance Review Board assures consistency, stability, and... with regulations prescribed by the Office of Personnel Management, one or more SES performance...

  6. 12 CFR 908.65 - Review by Board of Directors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Review by Board of Directors. 908.65 Section 908.65 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD ORGANIZATION AND... § 908.65 Review by Board of Directors. (a) Notice of submission to the Board of Directors. When...

  7. Getting started with Review Board

    CERN Document Server

    Rawat, Sandeep

    2014-01-01

    This book is a concise, to-the-point guide with a practical walkthrough of the code review workflow using the features present in Reviewboard. The various concepts and features are explained through screenshots so that even if you do not have a running installation of Reviewboard in front of you, you can still gain practical knowledge.This book is intended for web programmers or quality control staff who perform or participate in code reviews and who are using (or planning to use) Reviewboard for conducting code reviews. No prior knowledge of Reviewboard is assumed.

  8. 78 FR 59658 - Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-27

    ... Performance Review Board (PRB). ADDRESSES: Director, Human Capital Management, Office of Human Resources..., Chair, Deputy Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Deputy Director of the United... Dated: September 20, 2013. Teresa Stanek Rea, Deputy Under Secretary of Commerce for...

  9. 75 FR 63147 - Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-14

    ... members of its Performance Review Board. ADDRESSES: Director, Human Capital Management, Office of Human..., Deputy Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Deputy Director of the United States... Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the United States Patent and...

  10. 76 FR 64076 - Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-17

    ... members of its Performance Review Board. ADDRESSES: Director, Human Capital Management, Office of Human..., Chair, Deputy Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Deputy Director of the United..., Deputy Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Deputy Director of the United...

  11. 77 FR 58528 - Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-21

    ... members of its Performance Review Board. ADDRESSES: Director, Human Capital Management, Office of Human..., Chair, Deputy Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Deputy Director of the United... J. Kappos, Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the United...

  12. 77 FR 69591 - SES Performance Review Board; Membership

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS SES Performance Review Board; Membership AGENCY: Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG). ACTION: Notice of Membership of SES Performance Review Board. SUMMARY: Title 5 United States Code, Section...

  13. 76 FR 35399 - SES Performance Review Board Membership

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS SES Performance Review Board Membership AGENCY: Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG). ACTION: Notice of Membership of SES Performance Review Board. SUMMARY: Title 5 United States Code, Section...

  14. 75 FR 59704 - Office of Management; Performance Review Board Membership

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-28

    ... Office of Management; Performance Review Board Membership AGENCY: Department of Education. ACTION: Notice of membership of the Performance Review Board. SUMMARY: The Secretary announces the members of the Performance Review Board (PRB) for the Department of Education for the Senior Executive Service...

  15. Victor Frankenstein's Institutional Review Board Proposal, 1790.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, Gary; Gannon, William L

    2015-10-01

    To show how the case of Mary Shelley's Victor Frankenstein brings light to the ethical and moral issues raised in Institutional Review Board (IRB) protocols, we nest an imaginary IRB proposal dated August 1790 by Victor Frankenstein within a discussion of the importance and function of the IRB. Considering the world of science as would have appeared in 1790 when Victor was a student at Ingolstadt, we offer a schematic overview of a fecund moment when advances in comparative anatomy, medical experimentation and theories of life involving animalcules and animal electricity sparked intensive debates about the basic principles of life and the relationship between body and soul. Constructing an IRB application based upon myriad speculations circulating up to 1790, we imagine how Victor would have drawn upon his contemporaries' scientific work to justify the feasibility of his project, as well as how he might have outlined the ethical implications of his plan to animate life from "dead" tissues. In Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, Victor failed to consider his creature's autonomy, vulnerability, and welfare. In this IRB proposal, we show Victor facing those issues of justice and emphasize how the novel can be an important component in courses or workshops on research ethics. Had Victor Frankenstein had to submit an IRB proposal tragedy may have been averted, for he would have been compelled to consider the consequences of his experiment and acknowledge, if not fulfill, his concomitant responsibilities to the creature that he abandoned and left to fend for itself. PMID:25218836

  16. Central Institutional Review Board Review for an Academic Trial Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaufmann, Petra; O’Rourke, P. Pearl

    2016-01-01

    Problem Translating discoveries into therapeutics is often delayed by lengthy start-up periods for multicenter clinical trials. One cause of delay can be multiple institutional review board (IRB) reviews of the same protocol. Approach When developing the Network for Excellence in Neuroscience Clinical Trials (NeuroNEXT; hereafter, NN), the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) established a central IRB (CIRB) based at Massachusetts General Hospital, the academic medical center that received the NN clinical coordinating center grant. The 25 NN sites, located at U.S. academic institutions, agreed to required CIRB use for NN trials. Outcomes To delineate roles and establish legal relationships between the NN sites and the CIRB, the CIRB executed reliance agreements with the sites and their affiliates that hold federalwide assurance for the protection of human subjects (FWA); this took, on average, 84 days. The first NN protocol reviewed by the CIRB achieved full approval to allow participant enrollment within 56 days and went from grant award to the first patient visit in less than four months. The authors describe anticipated challenges related to institutional oversight responsibilities versus regulatory CIRB review as well as unanticipated challenges related to working with complex organizations that include multiple FWA-holding affiliates. Next Steps The authors anticipate that CIRB use will decrease NN trial start-up time and thus promote efficient trial implementation. They plan to collect data on timelines and costs associated with CIRB use. The NINDS plans to promote CIRB use in future initiatives. PMID:25406606

  17. 76 FR 50272 - Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board; Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-12

    ... RECORDS ADMINISTRATION Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board; Members AGENCY: National Archives and Records Administration. ACTION: Notice; SES Performance Review Board. SUMMARY: Notice is... Office of Personnel Management, one or more SES Performance Review Boards. The Board shall review...

  18. 12 CFR 308.40 - Review by Board of Directors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Review by Board of Directors. 308.40 Section... OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Uniform Rules of Practice and Procedure § 308.40 Review by Board of Directors. (a) Notice of submission to Board of Directors. When the Executive Secretary determines that...

  19. 76 FR 60090 - Performance Review Board, Senior Executive Service (SES)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-28

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Performance Review Board, Senior Executive Service (SES) AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). ACTION: Notice of membership of SES Performance Review Board... performance review function for the SES in NASA is being performed by the NASA PRB and the NASA...

  20. 75 FR 62591 - Performance Review Board, Senior Executive Service (SES)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-12

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Performance Review Board, Senior Executive Service (SES) AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). ACTION: Notice of Membership of SES Performance Review Board... performance review function for the SES in NASA is being performed by the NASA PRB and the NASA...

  1. 76 FR 60473 - Membership of the Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-29

    ... and impartial review of Senior Executive Service and Senior Professional performance appraisals and... of the Secretary Membership of the Performance Review Board AGENCY: Office of the Secretary (OSD... appointment of the Department of Defense, Fourth Estate, Performance Review Board (PRB) members, to...

  2. 75 FR 67697 - Membership of the Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-03

    ... review of Senior Executive Service and Senior Professional performance appraisals and make... Office of the Secretary Membership of the Performance Review Board AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, DoD... Secretary of Defense, Performance Review Board (PRB) members, to include the Joint Staff, the U.S....

  3. 77 FR 49440 - Membership of the Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-16

    ... and impartial review of Senior Executive Service and Senior Professional performance appraisals and... of the Secretary Membership of the Performance Review Board AGENCY: Office of the Secretary of... the Department of Defense, Fourth Estate, Performance Review Board (PRB) members, to include the...

  4. 78 FR 52517 - Membership of the Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-23

    ... impartial review of Senior Executive Service and Senior Professional performance appraisals and make... of the Secretary Membership of the Performance Review Board AGENCY: Office of the Secretary of... the Department of Defense, Fourth Estate, Performance Review Board (PRB) members, to include the...

  5. 77 FR 8926 - Board Meeting: March 7, 2012-Albuquerque, NM; The U.S. Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board Will...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NUCLEAR WASTE TECHNICAL REVIEW BOARD Board Meeting: March 7, 2012--Albuquerque, NM; The U.S. Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board... authority under section 5051 of Public Law 100-203, the Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board will hold...

  6. Women directors on corporate boards: A review and research agenda

    OpenAIRE

    Terjesen, S.; Sealy, R; Singh, V

    2009-01-01

    Manuscript Type: Conceptual (Review) Research Question/Issue: This review examines how gender diversity on corporate boards influences corporate governance outcomes that in turn impact performance. We describe extant research on theoretical perspectives, characteristics and impact of women directors on corporate boards (WOCB) at micro, meso and macro levels: individual, board, firm and industry/environment. Research Finding/Insights: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first com...

  7. 32 CFR 881.3 - Individual Service Review Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Management, Separations Branch, HQ AFPC/DPPRS, 550 C Street West, Suite 11, Randolph AFB, TX 78150-4713... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Individual Service Review Board. 881.3 Section... Individual Service Review Board. (a) The Commander, Headquarters Air Force Personnel Center (HQ...

  8. 78 FR 44563 - Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board AGENCY: Federal Labor Relations Authority... selected to serve on its SES Performance Review Board (PRB). This notice supersedes all previous notices...

  9. 75 FR 67399 - Performance Review Board, Senior Executive Service (SES)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION Performance Review Board, Senior Executive Service (SES) AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). ACTION: Notice of Membership of SES Performance Review...

  10. Institutional review boards: Challenges and opportunities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravindra B Ghooi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Institutional Review Boards (IRBs are an important link in subject protection program, and their function defines ethical credentials of research. Of late there has been a furore in the country over the number of deaths in clinical research, and allegations of unethical research. Clinical trials have been discussed in medical and lay press and even in the parliament, these discussions called for strengthening the subject protection program. The Central Drug Standards and Control Organization (CDSCO, amended the Schedule Y, by issuing three amendments to introduce new compensation rules and registration of IRBs functioning in the country. IRBs in India face a variety of challenges, and need support from the regulators or independent experts. This is also an opportunity to revamp the subject protection program and strengthen the IRB functioning. An independent advisory body comprising of experts who have hands on experience in administering IRBs, is essential to provide support to IRBs in the country. This body should be independent of regulatory influence and work with IRBs to strengthen them.

  11. Members of the LHC Resources Review Boards

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2002-01-01

    Photo 01: Members of the LHCRRB visiting Point 2, hosting the ALICE experiment From l. to r. : W. Korda, Head of the VIP Office; P. Rimmer, CERN public relations, J. Seed, Member of the LHCRRB, J.-P. Revol, ALICE CERN Team Leader; J. Bartke, Member of the LHCRRB; F. Suransky, Member of the LHCRRB; J. Schukraft, Spokesperson, ALICE experiment and S. Molinari, VIP Office. Photo 02: Members of the LHC Resources Review Boards visiting the ALICE magnet at Point 2. L. to. r.: O. Dines-Hansen, H. Boggild, S. Irgens-Jensens, H.A. Gustafsson Photo 03: Members of the LHCRRB visiting Point 2, hosting the ALICE experiment From l. t to r.: J.Richter, Member of the LHCRRB; H. Gutbrod, Deputy Spokesperson, ALICE experiment; G. Paic, ALICE experiment; D. Muller, Member of the LHCRRB; P. Brau-Munzinger, ALICE experiment; R. Santo, Member of the LHCRRB, A. Van Rijn, Member of the LHCRRB; J. Engelen, Member of the LHCRRB.

  12. 75 FR 74091 - Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board; Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-30

    ... RECORDS ADMINISTRATION Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board; Members AGENCY: National Archives and Records Administration. ACTION: Notice; SES Performance Review Board. SUMMARY: Notice is... regulations prescribed by the Office of Personnel Management, one or more SES Performance Review Boards....

  13. 75 FR 6729 - Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board; Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-10

    ... RECORDS ADMINISTRATION Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board; Members AGENCY: National Archives and Records Administration. ACTION: Notice; SES Performance Review Board. SUMMARY: Notice is... regulations prescribed by the Office of Personnel Management, one or more SES Performance Review Boards....

  14. 78 FR 73568 - Senior Executive Service-Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-06

    ... as members of the Performance Review Board of the U.S. Office of Personnel Management: Ann Marie... Officer Joseph Kennedy, Associate Director for Human Resources Solutions Mark Reinhold, Chief...

  15. 76 FR 54196 - Membership of the Departmental Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-31

    ... Operations. Economics and Statistics Administration, Nancy Potok, Deputy Under Secretary for Economic Affairs, Joanne Buenzli Crane, Chief Financial Officer and Director for Administration. Economics and Development... Membership of the Departmental Performance Review Board AGENCY: Department of Commerce. ACTION: Notice...

  16. 78 FR 69367 - Membership of the Departmental Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-19

    ..., Deputy Director Economics and Statistics Administration Kenneth A. Arnold, Associate Under Secretary for Management Joanne Buenzli Crane, Associate Director for Administration and Chief Financial Officer Economics... Membership of the Departmental Performance Review Board AGENCY: Department of Commerce. ACTION: Notice...

  17. 75 FR 56503 - Membership of the Departmental Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-16

    ..., Associate Director for Decennial Census Economics and Statistics Administration: Nancy Potok, Deputy Under Secretary for Economic Affairs James K. White, Associate Under Secretary for Management Economics and... Membership of the Departmental Performance Review Board AGENCY: Department of Commerce. ACTION: Notice...

  18. Institutional Review Boards: Perspectives from the United States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvita Nathaniel, Ph.D., FNP-BC, FAANP

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In the U.S., all research must be approved by an Institutional Review Board (IRB that evaluates research protocols for the purpose of protecting human subjects. This paper includes a brief history of the development of public policy that guides institutional review boards in the U.S. and commentary on the responsibilities of a grounded theory researcher interested in applying for approval for a research study.An institutional review board (IRB is a formally constituted committee that approves and monitors biomedical and behavioural research with the purpose of protecting the rights and welfare of research participants. An IRB performs scientific, ethical, and regulatory oversight functions. In the U.S., it is common for grounded theorists to experience frustration with the IRB protocol submission process. Facets of the application process may seem rigid, redundant, and non-applicable. Review board members may not seem to understand or appreciate qualitative methods and delays are common. In addition, a conglomeration of disparate policies and procedures coupled with a variety of types of review boards creates a system that defies description. Nevertheless, a researcher who understands public policy and the responsibilities of institutional review boards can learn to develop research applications that are quickly approved.

  19. The MOD depleted uranium program independent review board : closure report

    OpenAIRE

    B. Smith

    2007-01-01

    This closure report was prepared by the MOD’s Depleted Uranium Independent Review Board (IRB; see Appendix A for membership) and summarises the review board’s general observations in respect of MOD’s depleted uranium research programme and the associated independent review process. The report starts by providing an introduction to MOD’s research programme on the health and environmental consequences of depleted uranium (DU), membership of the IRB, the operation of the review...

  20. Research Ethics: Institutional Review Board Oversight of Art Therapy Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deaver, Sarah P.

    2011-01-01

    By having their research proposals reviewed and approved by Institutional Review Boards (IRBs), art therapists meet important ethical principles regarding responsibility to research participants. This article provides an overview of the history of human subjects protections in the United States; underlying ethical principles and their application…

  1. Board review course effect on resident in-training examination

    OpenAIRE

    Cheng, David

    2008-01-01

    Background The in-training examination is a national and yearly exam administered by the American Board of Emergency Medicine to all emergency medicine residents in the USA. The purpose of the examination is to evaluate a resident’s progress toward obtaining the fundamental knowledge to practice independent emergency medicine. Aims The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a 40 hour board review lecture course on the resident in-training examination in emergency medicine. Meth...

  2. Indirect Comprehensive Review Board (ICRB). Final Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company (LMITCO) used a systems engineering approach to take the first step toward defining a requirements baseline for all indirect work at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. The intent of this effort was to define the requirements for indirect work, identify the activities necessary to meet the requirements, and to produce defensible cost estimates for the work. The result of this effort is a scrubbed-down, defensible budget for all indirect work in FY 1997. Buying power for each dollar of direct work was increased by $.02. Recommendations are identified for improvements to this process in FY 1998. The purpose of this report is twofold. First is to report the final results of the 1996 ICRB process, and second is to document the process used such that incremental improvements may be made in future years. Objectives, processes, and approaches are described to provide a trail for future boards. Appendices contain copies of board composition, documentation of the process, as well as the actual training materials

  3. Functions of the Materials Review Board

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The DOE has established a centralized organization for the assembly and critical review of materials data that are important to the process of licensing a nuclear waste repository. The MRB serves as an independent reviewing body, somewhat similar to standards organizations, that examines test methods and materials data. To a large extent, the criteria used in these reviews are codified, and the review process is highly visible and extensively documented. Approval of test methods or materials data for publication in the Nuclear Waste Materials handbook requires successful completion of three separate reviews that are sufficiently rigorous, yet in accord with the provisions of the NRC licensing approach, so that the resulting documents can be used by DOE with assurance that scientific scrutiny by others will affirm the conclusions of the MRB. The credibility of the review process is reflected in the credibility of the conclusions drawn from the data, thereby allowing the licensing of the repository to proceed expeditiously. 10 references

  4. 20 CFR 725.481 - Right to appeal to the Benefits Review Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Right to appeal to the Benefits Review Board... Benefits Review Board. Any party dissatisfied with a decision and order issued by an administrative law... the Benefits Review Board. A notice of appeal shall be filed with the Board. Proceedings before...

  5. Call for JUNE Editorial Board Members and Reviewers

    OpenAIRE

    Grisham, William

    2010-01-01

    JUNE’s Editorial Board plans to expand the offerings and visibility of the journal by publishing more frequently and getting its content indexed on services such as PUBMED and ERIC. Because JUNE is produced by a team of volunteer editors and reviewers, additional volunteers are needed to help plan, structure, and achieve these goals. We are hereby inviting individuals to apply to become a JUNE Editorial Board member and/or reviewer. If you or a colleague you can recommend are interesting in l...

  6. 76 FR 55880 - National Institute of Standards and Technology; Performance Review Board Membership

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-09

    ...), Deputy Under Secretary for Economic Affairs, Economics and Statistics Administration, Department of... Review Board Membership The National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board (NIST PRB) reviews performance appraisals, agreements, and recommended actions pertaining to employees...

  7. Effectiveness of a National Board Review Course for Dental Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCann, Ann L.; Schneiderman, Emet D.

    1989-01-01

    Comparison of the National Board Examination performance of dental students who did and did not participate in a review course found that the course was most effective in areas covered during the greatest number of terms, were presented most recently, or had the least number of topics in the examination. (MSE)

  8. A Case for Limiting the Reach of Institutional Review Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hessler, Richard M.; Donnell-Watson, D. J.; Galliher, John F.

    2011-01-01

    Institutional review boards (IRBs) governing social and behavioral research seem to systematically exceed the guidelines established by the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research. We examine a clandestine study of prostitution and another of employment discrimination and conclude that IRBs,…

  9. 76 FR 34703 - Human Studies Review Board Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-14

    ... research (71 FR 24 6138) that called for creating a new, independent human studies review board (i.e., HSRB... women and men of all racial and ethnic groups. The qualifications of nominees for membership on the HSRB... appearance of a lack of impartiality, or lack of independence, or bias; and the availability to...

  10. Student Research Projects and the Institutional Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shore, Nancy

    2009-01-01

    Graduate social work students often are required to complete an evaluation or research project. Research instructors work with their students to assure that these projects are rigorous as well as ethical. This study focuses upon the relationship of student projects and the Institutional Review Board (IRB). The IRB aims to strengthen research…

  11. 77 FR 63313 - SES Performance Review Board; Appointment of Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION SES Performance Review Board; Appointment of Members AGENCY: Equal Employment Opportunity... are the names and titles of executives appointed to serve as members of the SES PRB. Members...

  12. 76 FR 63616 - SES Performance Review Board; Appointment of Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION SES Performance Review Board; Appointment of Members AGENCY: Equal Employment Opportunity... are the names and titles of executives appointed to serve as members of the SES PRE. Members...

  13. Spotlight on Ethics: Institutional Review Boards as Systemic Bullies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carr, Caleb T.

    2015-01-01

    Bullying, often considered an interpersonal or intergroup behaviour, has not been explored as an unintended artefact of organisational structure. Institutional review boards (IRBs), the 'human research ethics committees' at US universities, help oversee the protection of human research subjects, particularly in the social sciences within…

  14. Relationship between the Board Size and Financial Performance: Literature Review

    OpenAIRE

    DOĞAN, MESUT; TOPAL, Yusuf

    2015-01-01

    The Cadbury Report (1992), a pioneer in outlining the financial aspects of corporate governance, was the first to put the spotlight on corporate boards of directors. Around the same time, academic work started to gain impetus with the Hermalin and Weisbach (1991) study. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between the number of members of the board of directors with accounting and market-based performance indicators empirical research in the national and international literatu...

  15. 75 FR 32360 - Notice of Membership of SES Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office THE BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS Notice of Membership of SES Performance Review Board AGENCY: Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG). ACTION: Notice of Membership of SES Performance Review Board. SUMMARY: Title 5 United States...

  16. 76 FR 3678 - Board Meeting: February 16, 2011-Las Vegas, NV, the U.S. Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NUCLEAR WASTE TECHNICAL REVIEW BOARD Board Meeting: February 16, 2011--Las Vegas, NV, the U.S. Nuclear Waste Technical Review... Radioactive Waste Pursuant to its authority under section 5051 of Public Law 100-203, Nuclear Waste...

  17. 76 FR 17970 - Board Meeting: April 27, 2011-Amherst, New York; the U.S. Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NUCLEAR WASTE TECHNICAL REVIEW BOARD Board Meeting: April 27, 2011--Amherst, New York; the U.S. Nuclear Waste Technical Review... 5051 of Public Law 100-203, Nuclear Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1987, the U.S. Nuclear...

  18. 78 FR 37847 - Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board; Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-24

    ... RECORDS ADMINISTRATION Senior Executive Service (SES) Performance Review Board; Members AGENCY: National Archives and Records Administration. ACTION: Notice of SES Performance Review Board Appointments. SUMMARY... accordance with regulations prescribed by the Office of Personnel Management, one or more SES...

  19. 77 FR 64794 - Membership of the Economic Development Administration Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-23

    ... Economic Development Administration Membership of the Economic Development Administration Performance Review Board AGENCY: Economic Development Administration, Department of Commerce. ACTION: Notice of Membership on the Economic Development Administration's Performance Review Board Membership. SUMMARY:...

  20. 78 FR 68025 - Membership of the Economic Development Administration Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-13

    ... Economic Development Administration Membership of the Economic Development Administration Performance Review Board AGENCY: Economic Development Administration, Department of Commerce. ACTION: Notice of membership on the Economic Development Administration's Performance Review Board Membership. SUMMARY:...

  1. 75 FR 63813 - Membership of the Economic Development Administration Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-18

    ... Economic Development Administration Membership of the Economic Development Administration Performance Review Board AGENCY: Economic Development Administration, Department of Commerce. ACTION: Notice of membership on the Economic Development Administration's Performance Review Board membership. SUMMARY:...

  2. 32 CFR 861.5 - DOD Commercial Airlift Review Board procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false DOD Commercial Airlift Review Board procedures... Commercial Airlift Review Board procedures. (a) This section establishes procedures to be used by the DOD... other action by the DOD Commercial Airlift Review Board, or CARB; (2) A warning, suspension,...

  3. 32 CFR 865.122 - Summary of statistics for Discharge Review Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Summary of statistics for Discharge Review Board. 865.122 Section 865.122 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE ORGANIZATION AND MISSION-GENERAL PERSONNEL REVIEW BOARDS Air Force Discharge Review Board § 865.122 Summary of statistics for Discharge...

  4. 76 FR 49797 - Designation of ONDCP SES Performance Review Board Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-11

    ... CONTROL POLICY Designation of ONDCP SES Performance Review Board Members AGENCY: Office of National Drug Control Policy. ACTION: Notice of Designation of ONDCP SES Performance Review Board. Headings: Designation Pursuant of ONDCP SES Performance Review Board Pursuant to 5 CFR 4 30.310. SUMMARY: The Director of...

  5. 77 FR 25481 - Civilian Board of Contract Appeals; Submission for OMB Review; Civilian Board of Contract Appeals...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-30

    ... in the Federal Register at 77 FR 5020, on February 1, 2012. No comments were received. Public... Contract Appeals, 1800 F Street NW., Washington, DC 20405, telephone (202) 606-8800 or via email to Greg... ADMINISTRATION Civilian Board of Contract Appeals; Submission for OMB Review; Civilian Board of Contract...

  6. 77 FR 66793 - Senior Executive Service: Membership of Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-07

    ... 2013 SES Performance Review Boards. The Agency will use this roster to select SES board members, and an outside member for the convening SES Performance Review Board each year. The standing roster is as follows..., Gary Nunez-Mattocks, Aracely; Outside SES Member Acton, John; Outside SES Member FOR...

  7. 76 FR 70703 - Senior Executive Service: Membership of Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-15

    ... service on the Agency's 2011 and 2012 SES Performance Review Boards. The Agency will use this roster to select SES board members, and an outside member(s) for the convening SES Performance Review Board each... Wells, Barry Wiggins, Sandra Barry Socks, Outside SES Member John Acton, Outside SES Member...

  8. 36 CFR 1275.46 - Segregation and review; Senior Archival Panel; Presidential Materials Review Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...; Senior Archival Panel; Presidential Materials Review Board. 1275.46 Section 1275.46 Parks, Forests, and... Access by the Public § 1275.46 Segregation and review; Senior Archival Panel; Presidential Materials... Senior Archival Panel is unable to make a determination required in paragraph (d) of this section, or...

  9. 78 FR 55064 - First Responder Network Authority Board Special Review Committee Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-09

    ... National Telecommunications and Information Administration First Responder Network Authority Board Special.... Department of Commerce. ACTION: Notice of Public Meeting of the First Responder Network Authority Special Review Committee. SUMMARY: The First Responder Network Authority (FirstNet) Board Special ]...

  10. Boards of Directors in Family Businesses: A Literature Review and Research Agenda

    OpenAIRE

    BAMMENS, Yannick; Voordeckers, Wim; van Gils, Anita

    2011-01-01

    This paper offers a review of the theoretical and empirical literature addressing boards of directors within the unique organizational setting of family businesses. By reviewing and structuring past research, this paper aims to improve the understanding of how family involvement in firms affects the roles and behaviours of boards. The review of the literature is structured according to the family business board's two primary tasks as an internal administrative body, namely the exercise of con...

  11. 77 FR 60116 - Human Studies Review Board; Notification of a Public Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-02

    ... Rodenticide Act. This notice might also be of special interest to participants of studies involving human... AGENCY Human Studies Review Board; Notification of a Public Meeting AGENCY: Environmental Protection... of the Human Studies Review Board to advise the Agency on the EPA scientific and ethical reviews...

  12. 77 FR 74004 - Human Studies Review Board; Notification of a Public Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-12

    ... Rodenticide Act. This notice might also be of special interest to participants of studies involving human... AGENCY Human Studies Review Board; Notification of a Public Meeting AGENCY: Environmental Protection... of the Human Studies Review Board to advise the Agency on the EPA scientific and ethical reviews...

  13. 78 FR 57383 - Human Studies Review Board; Notification of a Public Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-18

    ... AGENCY Human Studies Review Board; Notification of a Public Meeting AGENCY: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The EPA Office of the Science Advisor announces a public meeting of the Human Studies Review Board to advise the Agency on the EPA scientific and ethical reviews...

  14. FPGA based VME boards for Indus-2 timing control system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    FPGA based two VME boards are developed and deployed recently for Indus-2 timing control system at RRCAT Indore. New FPGA based 5-channel programmable (Coarse-Fine) delay generator board has replaced three 2-channel coarse and one 4-channel fine existing delay generator boards. Introduction of this board has improved the fine delay resolution (to 0.5ns) as well as channel to channel jitter (to 0.8ns) of the system. It has also improved the coarse delay resolution from previous 33ns to 8ns with the possibility to work at divided Indus-2 RF clock. These improved parameters have resulted in better injection rate of beam. Old coincidence generator board is also replaced with FPGA based newly developed Coincidence clock generator VME board, which has resulted in successful controlled filling of beam (single, multi and 3-symmetrical bucket filling) in Indus-2. Three more existing boards will be replaced by single FPGA based delay generator card in near future. This paper presents the design, test results and features of new boards. (author)

  15. 77 FR 9731 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-17

    ... Health and Social Reintegration; and Regenerative Medicine. March 6-8--Rehabilitation Engineering and... Reintegration; and Sensory Systems/Communication. ] The purpose of the Board is to review...

  16. 76 FR 24065 - Board Workshop: June 6-7, 2011-Arlington, Virginia; the U.S. Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NUCLEAR WASTE TECHNICAL REVIEW BOARD Board Workshop: June 6-7, 2011--Arlington, Virginia; the U.S. Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board Will Hold a Workshop on Methods for Evaluating Nuclear Waste Streams Pursuant to its...

  17. Ethical review boards are poor advocates for patient perspectives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Masterton, Malin; Renberg, Tobias; Hansson, Mats G;

    2014-01-01

    In medical research, patients are increasingly recognized with ‘lay knowledge’ but their views are poorly researched. The study objective was to investigate patients’ attitudes to medical research. This is in comparison to lay and expert members on ethical review boards (ERB), as their task is to...... evaluate the risk−benefits of research, which are ultimately grounded in attitudes and values. From focus-group interviews with patients suffering from chronic inflammatory diseases, a postal questionnaire was developed and sent to patient members of the Swedish Rheumatism Association (n = 1195) and to all...... to basic research/research on lifestyle and prevention (primarily benefiting future patients), whereas patients prioritized research on daily function. On this significant point, lay members did not share the opinion of this patient group, indicating that they may be poor representatives for patients...

  18. A Review of School Board Cyberbullying Policies in Alberta

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nosworthy, Nicole; Rinaldi, Christina

    2012-01-01

    An online search for school board cyberbullying/bullying policies in Alberta was conducted. The results showed that while only five school boards had a bullying policy, many schools had technology or Internet use guidelines. The online search included an assessment of one extensive school board cyberbullying policy as well as Internet use…

  19. 78 FR 60816 - Senior Executive Services (SES) Performance Review Board: Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-02

    ...; ] AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Senior Executive Services (SES) Performance Review Board: Update...--USAID OIG SES Performance Review Board). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 5 U.S.C. 4314 (b)(c) requires each... CFR part 430, subpart C and Section 430.307 thereof in particular, one or more SES Performance...

  20. 77 FR 62211 - Senior Executive Services (SES) Performance Review Board: Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-12

    ... DEVELOPMENT Senior Executive Services (SES) Performance Review Board: Update AGENCY: Office of Inspector... (for email messages, the subject line should include the following reference --USAID OIG SES..., subpart C and Section 430.307 thereof in particular, one or more SES Performance Review Boards. The...

  1. 76 FR 60799 - Senior Executive Services (SES) Performance Review Board: Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-30

    ...; ] AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Senior Executive Services (SES) Performance Review Board: Update...--USAID OIG SES Performance Review Board). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 5 U.S.C. 4314 (b) (c) requires each... CFR part 430, subpart C and Section 430.307 thereof in particular, one or more SES Performance...

  2. 78 FR 52204 - Proposed Collection; 60-day Comment Request: NIH NCI Central Institutional Review Board (CIRB...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-22

    ..., surgeons, nurses, patient advocates, ethicists, statisticians, pharmacists, attorneys and other health professionals. The benefits of the CIRB Initiative reaches research participants, investigators and research... 1 10 Review. Adult Pharmacist's Review of a Cooperative Board Members 10 1 2 20 Group...

  3. Commercial Crew Program and the Safety Technical Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullen, Macy

    2016-01-01

    The Commercial Crew Program (CCP) is unique to any other program office at NASA. After the agency suffered devastating budget cuts and the Shuttle Program retired, the U.S. gave up its human spaceflight capabilities. Since 2011 the U.S. has been dependent on Russia to transport American astronauts and cargo to the International Space Station (ISS) and back. NASA adapted and formed CCP, which gives private, domestic, aerospace companies unprecedented reign over America's next ride to space. The program began back in 2010 with 5 companies and is now in the final phase of certification with 2 commercial partners. The Commercial Crew Program is made up of 7 divisions, each working rigorously with the commercial providers to complete the certification phase. One of these 7 divisions is Systems Engineering and Integration (SE&I) which is partly comprised of the Safety Technical Review Board (STRB). The STRB is primarily concerned with mitigating improbable, but catastrophic hazards. It does this by identifying, managing, and tracking these hazards in reports. With the STRB being in SE&I, it significantly contributes to the overall certification of the partners' vehicles. After the partners receive agency certification approval, they will have the capability to provide the U.S. with a reliable, safe, and cost-effective means of human spaceflight and cargo transport to the ISS and back.

  4. GUI Application for ATCA-based LLRF Carrier Board Management

    CERN Document Server

    Wychowaniak, Jan; Predki, Pawel; Napieralski, Andrzej

    2011-01-01

    The Advanced Telecommunications Computing Architecture (ATCA) standard describes an efficient and powerful platform, implementation of which was adopted to be used as a base for control systems in high energy physics. The ATCA platform is considered to be applied for the X-ray Free Electron Laser (X-FEL), being built at Deutsches Electronen- Synchrotron (DESY) in Hamburg, Germany. The Low Level Radio Frequency (LLRF) control system is composed of a few ATCA Carrier Boards. Carrier Board hosts Intelligent Platform Management Controller (IPMC), which is developed in compliance with the PICMG specifications. IPMC is responsible for management and monitoring of sub-modules installed on Carrier Boards and pluggable Advanced Mezzanine Card (AMC) modules. The ATCA Shelf Manager is the main control unit of a single ATCA crate, responsible for all power and fan modules and Carrier Boards installed in ATCA shelf. The device provides a system administrator with a set of control and diagnostic capabilities regarding the ...

  5. Water-based Flexographic Printing on Polymer-coated Board

    OpenAIRE

    Rentzhog, Maria

    2006-01-01

    This doctoral thesis comprises three studies dealing with water-based flexography on polymer-coated boards, which have been presented in the five papers included at the end of the thesis. The first study (covered in three papers) presents results from characterisation of a matrix of water-based inks with respect to their rheology, surface tension, wetting, and fulltone printing performance on PE-coated board. The commercial water-based inks used vary in type of pigment and acrylic vehicle, an...

  6. 75 FR 69069 - Science Advisory Board Staff Office Notification of a Public Meeting of the SAB Lead Review Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-10

    ... standards and the development of lead-based paint dust hazard standards for public and commercial buildings... provisions of FACA and all appropriate SAB Staff Office procedural policies. Background: Human exposure to... AGENCY Science Advisory Board Staff Office Notification of a Public Meeting of the SAB Lead Review...

  7. 78 FR 75447 - Senior Executive Service; Departmental Offices Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-11

    ... Senior Executive Service; Departmental Offices Performance Review Board AGENCY: Treasury Department..., Michael P., Deputy Assistant Secretary for Intelligence Community Integration McDonald, William L., Deputy... Capital Services Phillips, Dawn, Associate Chief Human Capital Officer for Policy, Performance &...

  8. NOAA Science Advisory Board, Review of National Center for Environmental Prediction Ocean Modeling

    OpenAIRE

    Pietrafesa, L. J.; Blaskovich, D.; Blumberg, A.F.; A. J. Busalacchi; McClean, J.; Mooers, C.N.K.; Rogers, D.P.; Weisberg, R.H.

    2004-01-01

    In response to a request from the National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Weather Service, an Ocean Model Review Panel (ORMP) was commissioned by the NOAA Science Advisory Board (SAB), to address the following two-part Charge:

  9. 76 FR 63351 - Senior Executive Service; Financial Management Service Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-12

    ..., Federal Finance. Jeffrey Schramek, Assistant Commissioner, Debt Management Services. Alfred J. Kopec... Senior Executive Service; Financial Management Service Performance Review Board (PRB) AGENCY: Financial Management Service, Treasury. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This notice announces the appointment of members...

  10. 77 FR 60177 - Senior Executive Service; Financial Management Service Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-02

    ..., Federal Finance Jeffrey Schramek, Assistant Commissioner, Debt Management Services Sheryl R. Morrow... Senior Executive Service; Financial Management Service Performance Review Board (PRB) AGENCY: Financial Management Service, Treasury. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This notice announces the appointment of members...

  11. 75 FR 54445 - Senior Executive Service; Financial Management Service Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-07

    ..., Debt Management Services. Linda S. Kimberling, Assistant Commissioner, Management (Chief Financial... Fiscal Service Senior Executive Service; Financial Management Service Performance Review Board (PRB) AGENCY: Financial Management Service, Fiscal Service, Treasury. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This...

  12. 78 FR 50144 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-16

    ... Career Development Award Program.... August 6, 2013........ VHA National Conference Center........... VHA National Conference Center. Career Development Award Program.... August 8, 2013........ VHA... AFFAIRS Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of...

  13. 78 FR 9455 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board, Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-08

    .... Regenerative Medicine......... February 26-27, Paralyzed Veterans of 2013. America. Career Development Award... AFFAIRS Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board, Notice of Meeting.... App. 2, that the subcommittees of the Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific...

  14. Boards of Directors’ Contribution to Strategy: A Literature Review and Research Agenda

    OpenAIRE

    Pugliese, Amedeo; Bezemer, Pieter-Jan; Zattoni, Alessandro; Huse, Morten; Bosch, Frans; Volberda, Henk

    2009-01-01

    textabstractManuscript Type: Literature review. Research Question/Issue: Over the last four decades, research on the relationship between boards of directors and strategy has proliferated. Yet to date there is little theoretical and empirical agreement regarding the question of how boards of directors contribute to strategy. This review assesses the extant literature by highlighting emerging trends and identifying several avenues for future research. Research Findings/Insights: Using a conten...

  15. 40 CFR 26.1603 - Operation of the Human Studies Review Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., and human toxicology. (b) Responsibilities. The Human Studies Review Board shall comment on the... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Operation of the Human Studies Review... PROTECTION OF HUMAN SUBJECTS Review of Proposed and Completed Human Research § 26.1603 Operation of the...

  16. 76 FR 42168 - Health Services Research and Development Service Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-18

    ... review of the research proposals and critiques. The purpose of the Board is to review research and development applications involving the measurement and evaluation of health care services, the testing of new methods of health care delivery and management, and nursing research. Applications are reviewed...

  17. 77 FR 42365 - Health Services Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board, Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-18

    ... 12 noon; and HCR 1-- Infectious Disease from 1 p.m. to 4 p.m. The Career Development Award Review Group will convene from 8 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. On August 29, the Career Development Award Review Group will... AFFAIRS Health Services Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board, Notice of...

  18. 78 FR 21618 - Mortgagee Review Board: Administrative Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-11

    ...] 117. Right Mortgage Company, Lebanon, TN 118. Rokitto Enterprises, Porter Ranch, CA 119. Sacramento..., Probations, Reprimands, and Administrative Payments 1. Academy Mortgage Corporation, Sandy, UT Action: On April 27, 2012, the Board entered into a Settlement Agreement with Academy Mortgage Corporation...

  19. 75 FR 65614 - Notice Is Given of the Names of Members of a Performance Review Board for the Department of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-26

    ... Service performance review boards. The board(s) shall review and evaluate the initial appraisal of senior.... Roby, Acting Assistant Secretary of Defense, Network and Information Integration. 3. Ms....

  20. A Fault Injection Environment for Microprocessor-based Board

    OpenAIRE

    Sonza Reorda, Matteo; Rebaudengo, Maurizio; Benso, Alfredo; Prinetto, Paolo Ernesto

    1998-01-01

    Evaluating the faulty behaviour of low-cost microprocessor-based boards is an increasingly important issue, due to their usage in many safety critical systems. To address this issue, the paper describes a software-implemented fault injection system based on the trace exception mode available in most microprocessors. The architecture of the complete fault injection environment is proposed, integrating modules for generating a fault list, for performing their injection and for gathering the res...

  1. 78 FR 30861 - Membership of the Office of the Secretary Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-23

    ... reviewing performance ratings, pay adjustments and bonuses of ] Senior Executive Service (SES) members. The... effective date of service of appointees to the Office of the Secretary Performance Review Board is upon... Herbst, Senior Advisor for Policy & Program Integration Theodore Constantine Johnston, Director,...

  2. New Cancer Prevention and Control Central Institutional Review Board Established | Division of Cancer Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    The NCI Central Institutional Review Board (CIRB) Initiative announced the establishment of the Cancer Prevention and Control (CPC) CIRB January 14, extending the benefits of centralized review to investigators participating in clinical trials sponsored by the Division of Cancer Prevention (DCP). |

  3. 77 FR 8330 - Health Services Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-14

    ... intramural research proposals and critiques. The purpose of the Board is to review research and development applications involving the measurement and evaluation of health care services, the testing of new methods of health care delivery and management, and nursing research. Applications are reviewed for scientific...

  4. 75 FR 39734 - Health Services Research and Development Service Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-12

    ..., reference to, and oral review of the research proposals and critiques. The purpose of the Board is to review research and development applications involving the measurement and evaluation of health care services, the testing of new methods of health care delivery and management, and nursing research. Applications...

  5. 76 FR 6197 - Health Services Research and Development Service Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-03

    ..., reference to, and oral review of the research proposals and critiques. The purpose of the Board is to review research and development applications involving the measurement and evaluation of health care services, the testing of new methods of health care delivery and management, and nursing research. Applications...

  6. 76 FR 59697 - Human Studies Review Board (HSRB); Notification of a Public Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-27

    ... AGENCY Human Studies Review Board (HSRB); Notification of a Public Meeting AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of... advise the Agency on EPA's scientific and ethical reviews of research with human subjects. DATES:...

  7. 76 FR 10896 - Science Advisory Board Staff Office; Request for Nominations; CASAC Mercury Review Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-28

    ... AGENCY Science Advisory Board Staff Office; Request for Nominations; CASAC Mercury Review Panel AGENCY... Committee (CASAC) panel to conduct an independent review of EPA's Mercury Technical Support Document. DATES... pollution, and the strategies to attain and maintain air quality standards and to prevent...

  8. 76 FR 11240 - Human Studies Review Board (HSRB); Notification of a Public Teleconference To Review a Draft...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    ... AGENCY Human Studies Review Board (HSRB); Notification of a Public Teleconference To Review a Draft Report From HSRB Meeting AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of the Science Advisor (OSA) announces a public teleconference...

  9. Microcomputer based ship-board gun control system.

    OpenAIRE

    Erdogan, Ahmet

    1981-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited This study was undertaken to design and implement a microcomputer based gun control and interactive display system which is suitable as a model of a shipboard Gun Fire Control System and Tactical-Situation display. The stand-alone system includes two plasma display scopes, a microcomputer, a cathode ray tube (CRT), an analog-to-digital, digital-to-analog (ADC/DAC) board and a servo unit. The scope of the effort includes, calculation ...

  10. High performance coated board inspection system based on commercial components

    CERN Document Server

    Barjaktarovic, M; Radunovic, J

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents a vision system for defect (fault) detection on a coated board developed using three industrial firewire cameras and a PC. Application for image processing and system control was realized with the LabView software package. Software for defect detection is based on a variation of the image segmentation algorithm. Standard steps in image segmentation are modified to match the characteristics of defects. Software optimization was accomplished using SIMD (Single Instruction Multiple Data) technology available in the Intel Pentium 4 processors that provided real time inspection capability. System provides benefits such as: improvement in production process, higher quality of delivered coated board and reduction of waste. This was proven during successful exploitation of the system for more than a year.

  11. Communicating Qualitative Research Study Designs to Research Ethics Review Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ells, Carolyn

    2011-01-01

    Researchers using qualitative methodologies appear to be particularly prone to having their study designs called into question by research ethics or funding agency review committees. In this paper, the author considers the issue of communicating qualitative research study designs in the context of institutional research ethics review and offers…

  12. Submission to the Ontario Energy Board regarding the review of further efficiencies in the electricity distribution sector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report presents the views of the Ontario Division of the Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE) on the Ontario Energy Board's consideration to promote further efficiencies in the power distribution sector. CUPE claims that efficiencies aimed at lowering costs through amalgamations often lead to increased costs, degradation in services and decreased reliability of power distribution. CUPE also argues that the main concerns of Ontario ratepayers is reliability and the threat of increased prices. CUPE recommends that the Ontario Energy Board hold open consultations with ratepayers, who are in fact shareholders in their local utilities. This report reviewed the current regulatory regime known as Performance Based Regulation and its effect on local distribution utilities. It also reviewed the impacts of mergers, amalgamations, acquisitions and divestitures (MAAD), with particular reference to rates, privatization of utility services, service degradation and job losses

  13. 78 FR 5558 - Medical Review Board Public Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    ... held at the Hilton Alexandria Old Town, 1767 King Street, Alexandria, VA 22314 in Salon BC on the main floor. The Hilton Alexandria Old Town is located across the street from the King Street Metro station... Federal Register (70 FR 57642, October 3, 2005). The MRB is charged initially with the review of...

  14. 76 FR 27375 - Medical Review Board Public Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-11

    ..., business, labor union, etc.). You may review the U.S. Department of Transportation's complete Privacy Act... Street, Alexandria, VA 22314. You may submit comments identified by DOT Docket Management System (DMS.... Mail: Docket Management Facility; U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE.,...

  15. 78 FR 50144 - Health Services Research and Development Service, Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-16

    ... Paralyzed Veterans of America, Washington, DC; HSR 5--Health Care System Organization and Delivery; Research... health care services, the testing of new methods of health care delivery and management, and nursing... AFFAIRS Health Services Research and Development Service, Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of...

  16. 77 FR 64796 - Membership of the Bureau of Industry and Security Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-23

    ... of BIS's Performance Review Board are set forth below by organization: Department of Commerce, Office... Counsel, Political Advisor (New Member) Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security Daniel O..., Recruitment, and Classification/Executive Resources Operations, 14th and Constitution Avenue NW., Room...

  17. 76 FR 64072 - Membership of the Bureau of Industry and Security Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-17

    ... of BIS's Performance Review Board are set forth below by organization: Department of Commerce, Office... Administration, Career SES. Donald G. Salo, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Export Enforcement, Career SES, (New..., Recruitment, and Classification/Executive Resources Operations, 14th and Constitution Avenue, NW., Room...

  18. 76 FR 3134 - Human Studies Review Board; Notice of Public Meeting; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-19

    ... AGENCY Human Studies Review Board; Notice of Public Meeting; Correction AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice; correction. SUMMARY: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA..., in FR Doc. 2011-625, on page 2107, in the title, correct the ``Docket ID No.'' to read EPA-...

  19. 75 FR 10261 - Request for Nominations to the EPA Human Studies Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-05

    ... Agency published a final rule for protection of human subjects of research (71 FR 24 6138) that called... AGENCY Request for Nominations to the EPA Human Studies Review Board AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA or Agency) Office...

  20. 76 FR 25686 - Human Studies Review Board (HSRB); Notification of a Public Teleconference

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-05

    ... AGENCY Human Studies Review Board (HSRB); Notification of a Public Teleconference AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of... submitting comments. E-mail: ORD.Docket@epa.gov . Mail: Environmental Protection Agency, EPA Docket...

  1. 78 FR 70943 - SES Performance Review Board-Appointment of Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION SES Performance Review Board--Appointment of Members AGENCY: Equal Employment Opportunity... are the names and titles of executives appointed to serve as members of the SES PRB. Members...

  2. 75 FR 63472 - SES Performance Review Board-Appointment of Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION SES Performance Review Board--Appointment of Members AGENCY: Equal Employment Opportunity... are the names and titles of executives appointed to serve as members of the SES PRB. Members...

  3. 21 CFR 19.10 - Food and Drug Administration Conflict of Interest Review Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Food and Drug Administration Conflict of Interest Review Board. 19.10 Section 19.10 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND... responsibility of every Food and Drug Administration employee with whom any specific or policy issue relating...

  4. Dear Readers, Authors, Reviewers and Editorial Board Members of Advances in Cognitive Psychology

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    In this first newsletter of 2016 we first wanted to wish all our readers, authors, reviewers, and editorial board members a happy, healthy, inspiring, but also peaceful new year. Recently, the fourth issue of Advances in Cognitive Psychology of 2015 was completed, which is of course freely available on our website. The current newsletter will also be included in the first issue of 2016.

  5. MANAGERIAL OWNERSHIP, BOARD STRUCTURE AND FIRM’S PERFORMANCE: A REVIEW OF MAIN FINDINGS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Boţa-Avram

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to provide a comprehensive review of the main studies that have investigated the connections between managerial ownership, board characteristics and firm’s performance. It discusses the methodological approaches used in researching the ownership’s structure – performance relationship, highlighting the main findings and finally proposing directions for furtherresearch.

  6. 78 FR 6854 - Health Services Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-31

    .... App. 2, that the Centers of Innovation subcommittee of the Health Services Research and Development... AFFAIRS Health Services Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting... the Chief Research and Development Officer. During the closed portion of the meeting, discussion...

  7. Fourth report to the U.S. Congress and the U.S. Secretary of Energy from the Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board (the Board) submitted its Fourth Report as required by the Nuclear Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1987, Public Law 100-203. Congress created the Board to evaluate the technical and scientific aspects of the Department of Energy's (DOE) program to manage the permanent disposal of the nation's civilian spent fuel and high-level radioactive waste. Specifically, the Board is evaluating site-characterization activities at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, as well as repository design features that could influence spent fuel packaging and transport activities. As a result of its most recent scientific and technical review of the DOE's civilian radioactive waste disposal program, the Board would like to make several recommendations that it believes will help the DOE in its efforts to characterize the Yucca Mountain site as well as to develop an efficient civilian radioactive waste disposal program. In the report, the Board has suggested that the DOE consider some enhancements to its design approach and schedule for the construction of the exploratory studies facility, the key component to underground site characterization. The Board believes that these enhancements would help in achieving an earlier determination of site suitability, which will require both subsurface and surface-based site characterization. In this way, given adequate funding and the necessary permits, the DOE should be able to progress toward the major milestones of the program in a timely and efficient manner

  8. The increasing influence of risk assessment on forensic patient review board decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilton, N Zoe; Simpson, Alexander I; Ham, Elke

    2016-08-01

    Previous studies of decisions about forensic patients' placement in secure hospitals indicate some changes over time in the use of empirically supported risk factors. Our aim was to investigate whether, in more recent cases, risk assessment instruments were cited by a forensic patient review board or by the clinicians who made recommendations to the board and whether there was evidence of an association between risk assessment results and either dispositions or recommendations. Among review board hearings held in 2009-2012 pertaining to 63 different maximum security patients found not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder in Ontario, Canada, dispositions were most strongly associated with psychiatrists' testimony, consistent with previous studies. However, dispositions were associated with the scores on the Violence Risk Appraisal Guide (VRAG), such that transferred patients had a lower risk of violent recidivism than detained patients. An association between clinical opinions and risk assessment results was also evident and significantly larger than in previous research. There was no evidence that risk assessment was cited selectively in higher risk cases or when scores were concordant with the review board decision. This research may provide a baseline for studies of the effect of 2014 legislation introducing a high-risk designation for forensic patients in Canada. We recommend further efforts to measure the effect of nonpharmacological treatment participation and in-hospital security decisions on forensic decision-making. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:27504642

  9. Board of Directors’ Involvement in Strategic Decision Making Process: Definition and Literature Review.

    OpenAIRE

    Houda Ghaya

    2011-01-01

    Over the past few years, research in corporate governance has devoted increased attention to board of directors’ involvement in the strategic decision making process. But in spite of its growing interest, the literature provides theoretical pluralism and mixed empirical results. Indeed, the concept has not been well defined by past studies and there is no consensus about its operationalization. In this paper, we review the literature on board’s involvement in the strategic decision making pro...

  10. Dear Readers, Authors, Reviewers and Editorial Board Members of Advances in Cognitive Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    In this first newsletter of 2016 we first wanted to wish all our readers, authors, reviewers, and editorial board members a happy, healthy, inspiring, but also peaceful new year. Recently, the fourth issue of Advances in Cognitive Psychology of 2015 was completed, which is of course freely available on our website. The current newsletter will also be included in the first issue of 2016. PMID:27152125

  11. 75 FR 71702 - Science Advisory Board Staff Office; Request for Nominations of Experts for Review of EPA's Draft...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-24

    ... gathered by the SAB Staff Office. Selection criteria to be used for Panel membership include: (a... AGENCY Science Advisory Board Staff Office; Request for Nominations of Experts for Review of EPA's Draft... Board (SAB) Staff Office is requesting public nominations for technical experts to augment the...

  12. 75 FR 58383 - Science Advisory Board Staff Office Request for Nominations of Experts for the Review of Great...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-24

    ... information independently gathered by the SAB Staff Office. Selection criteria to be used for Panel membership... AGENCY Science Advisory Board Staff Office Request for Nominations of Experts for the Review of Great.... SUMMARY: The EPA Science Advisory Board (SAB) Staff Office is requesting public nominations for...

  13. Terms of reference for Project Board: Review of AHP Support for Children with Statements of Special Educational Needs in Special Schools and Mainstream Education

    OpenAIRE

    Public Health Agency

    2014-01-01

    This is the Terms of Reference for the Project Board of the review of Allied Health Professions (AHP) support for children/young people with statements of special educational needs.It outlines the:Purpose of the Project BoardResponsibilities of the Project BoardMembership of the Project Board

  14. Design Fabrication & Real Time Vision Based Control of Gaming Board

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Nauman Mubarak

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents design, fabrication and real time vision based control of a two degree of freedom (d.o.f robot capable of playing a carom board game. The system consists of three main components: (a a high resolution digital camera (b a main processing and controlling unit (c a robot with two servo motors and striking mechanism. The camera captures the image of arena and transmits it to central processing unit. CPU processes the image and congregate useful information using adaptive histogram technique. Congregated information about the coordinates of the object is then sent to the RISC architecture based microcontroller by serial interface. Microcontroller implements inverse kinematics algorithms and PID control on motors with feedback from high resolution quadrature encoders to reach at the desired coordinates and angles. The striking unit exerts a controlled force on the striker when it is in-line with the disk and carom hole (or, pocket. The striker strikes with the disk and pots (to hit (a ball into a pocket it in the pocket. The objective is to develop an intelligent, cost effective and user friendly system that fulfil the idea of technology for entertainment.

  15. Enhancing board effectiveness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curran, Connie R; Totten, Mary K

    2010-01-01

    Like any other job, board work is associated with specific competencies. Competencies are the combination of knowledge, skills, personal characteristics, and behaviors needed to perform a job or task effectively. Boards are only as strong as their weakest member. Board education should focus on improving the knowledge and skills of the board and individual members and on overall board performance. Assessment of individual board member performance is designed to evaluate the trustee's knowledge of board roles and responsibilities and the expectations of board members. Board effectiveness is built through competency-based board member recruitment and selection; board member education and development; and evaluation of board, board member, and meeting performance. PMID:21291066

  16. 76 FR 29746 - Science Advisory Board Staff Office Notification of a Public Meeting of the SAB Mercury Review Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-23

    ... serve on an ad hoc review panel on February 28, 2011 (76 FR 10896-10897) and March 30, 2011 (76 FR 17649... AGENCY Science Advisory Board Staff Office Notification of a Public Meeting of the SAB Mercury Review... SAB Mercury Review Panel. DATES: The meeting will be held on June 15, 2011 and June 16, 2011 from 9...

  17. An Autonomous Underwater Recorder Based on a Single Board Computer.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Caldas-Morgan

    Full Text Available As industrial activities continue to grow on the Brazilian coast, underwater sound measurements are becoming of great scientific importance as they are essential to evaluate the impact of these activities on local ecosystems. In this context, the use of commercial underwater recorders is not always the most feasible alternative, due to their high cost and lack of flexibility. Design and construction of more affordable alternatives from scratch can become complex because it requires profound knowledge in areas such as electronics and low-level programming. With the aim of providing a solution; a well succeeded model of a highly flexible, low-cost alternative to commercial recorders was built based on a Raspberry Pi single board computer. A properly working prototype was assembled and it demonstrated adequate performance levels in all tested situations. The prototype was equipped with a power management module which was thoroughly evaluated. It is estimated that it will allow for great battery savings on long-term scheduled recordings. The underwater recording device was successfully deployed at selected locations along the Brazilian coast, where it adequately recorded animal and manmade acoustic events, among others. Although power consumption may not be as efficient as that of commercial and/or micro-processed solutions, the advantage offered by the proposed device is its high customizability, lower development time and inherently, its cost.

  18. An Autonomous Underwater Recorder Based on a Single Board Computer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caldas-Morgan, Manuel; Alvarez-Rosario, Alexander; Rodrigues Padovese, Linilson

    2015-01-01

    As industrial activities continue to grow on the Brazilian coast, underwater sound measurements are becoming of great scientific importance as they are essential to evaluate the impact of these activities on local ecosystems. In this context, the use of commercial underwater recorders is not always the most feasible alternative, due to their high cost and lack of flexibility. Design and construction of more affordable alternatives from scratch can become complex because it requires profound knowledge in areas such as electronics and low-level programming. With the aim of providing a solution; a well succeeded model of a highly flexible, low-cost alternative to commercial recorders was built based on a Raspberry Pi single board computer. A properly working prototype was assembled and it demonstrated adequate performance levels in all tested situations. The prototype was equipped with a power management module which was thoroughly evaluated. It is estimated that it will allow for great battery savings on long-term scheduled recordings. The underwater recording device was successfully deployed at selected locations along the Brazilian coast, where it adequately recorded animal and manmade acoustic events, among others. Although power consumption may not be as efficient as that of commercial and/or micro-processed solutions, the advantage offered by the proposed device is its high customizability, lower development time and inherently, its cost. PMID:26076479

  19. Role of the Materials Review Board and the nuclear waste materials handbook

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The US Department of Energy has established an organizational structure that assures the quality of key data identified as being important to the licensing of a nuclear waste repository by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The Materials Characterization Center collects and/or develops the test methods needed to obtain the data, and acts as a clearinghouse for all data obtained by the methods, regardless of source. The Materials Review Board reviews both test methods and test data submitted to it, and approves them if they meet the rigorous criteria and standards that have been established. The appearance of test methods and test data in the Nuclear Waste Materials Handbook is evidence that the material has undergone intensive review and can be used with confidence within the bounds of the application specified. The principal use of the Handbook is in the repository licensing process

  20. Research ethics and Institutional Review Boards. The influence of moral constraints on emotion research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sontag, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Researchers in the twenty-first century face a set of challenges unknown to researchers a half century ago--the need to justify the moral acceptability of their research methods through formal review processes. However, the role that moral constraints play in the development and demise of scientific theories has largely gone unappreciated. The rise of Institutional Review Boards (IRB) in the 1960s compounded the impact of moral constraints on scientific research and on the theories that develop out of such highly monitored research. To demonstrate the effects of moral constraints on scientific theory and research, this paper offers a history and analysis of the interaction between evolving moral standards and twentieth century emotion theory. Recommendations regarding IRB reform are also reviewed. The paper concludes by arguing that, while appropriate IRB reform is important, it cannot eliminate the need for careful reflection on the broader forces that shape scientific practice and understanding. PMID:23379316

  1. Development and Evaluation of a ZigFlea-based Wireless Transceiver Board for CUI32

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Torresen, Jim; Hauback, Øyvind; Overholt, Daniel;

    2012-01-01

    We present a new wireless transceiver board for the CUI32 sensor interface, aimed at creating a solution that is flexible, reliable, and with little power consumption. Communica- tion with the board is based on the ZigFlea protocol and it has been evaluated on a CUI32 using the StickOS oper- ating...

  2. Instrumental Genesis in GeoGebra Based Board Game Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Misfeldt, Morten

    2013-01-01

    In this paper I address the use of digital tools (GeoGebra) in open ended design activities, with primary school children. I present results from the research and development project “Creative Digital Mathematics”, which aims to use the pupil’s development of mathematical board games as a vehicle...... potential use of their board game by classmates in their design activities....... for teaching skills with GeoGebra, as well as an entrepreneurial attitude towards mathematics. Using the instrumental approach I discuss how open ended transdisciplinary design activities can support instrumental genesis, by considering the extent to which the pupils address mathematical knowledge...

  3. A generic FPGA-based detector readout and real-time image processing board

    CERN Document Server

    Sarpotdar, Mayuresh; Safonova, Margarita; Murthy, Jayant

    2016-01-01

    For space-based astronomical observations, it is important to have a mechanism to capture the digital output from the standard detector for further on-board analysis and storage. We have developed a generic (application- wise) field-programmable gate array (FPGA) board to interface with an image sensor, a method to generate the clocks required to read the image data from the sensor, and a real-time image processor system (on-chip) which can be used for various image processing tasks. The FPGA board is applied as the image processor board in the Lunar Ultraviolet Cosmic Imager (LUCI) and a star sensor (StarSense) (instruments developed by our group). In this paper, we discuss the various design considerations for this board and its applications in the future balloon and possible space flights.

  4. Genesis failure investigation report : JPL Failure Review Board, Avionics Sub-Team

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, John; Manning, Rob; Barry, Ed; Donaldson, Jim; Rivellini, Tom; Battel, Steven; Savino, Joe; Lee, Wayne; Dalton, Jerry; Underwood, Mark; Surampudi, Rao; Accord, Arden; Perkins, Dave; Barrow, Kirk; Wilson, Bob

    2004-01-01

    On January 7, 2001, the Genesis spacecraft lifted off from Cape Canaveral. Its mission was to collect solar wind samples and return those samples to Earth for detailed analysis by scientists. The mission proceeded successfully for three-and-a-half years. On September 8, 2004, the spacecraft approached Earth, pointed the Sample Return Capsule (SRC) at its entry target, and then fired pyros that jettisoned the SRC. The SRC carried the valuable samples collected over the prior 29 months. The SRC also contained the requisite hardware (mechanisms, parachutes, and electronics) to manage the process of entry, descent, and landing (EDL). After entering Earthas atmosphere, the SRC was expected to open a drogue parachute. This should have been followed by a pyro event to release the drogue chute, and then by a pyro event to deploy the main parachute at an approximate elevation of 6.7 kilometers. As the SRC descended to the Utah landing site, helicopters were in position to capture the SRC before the capsule touched down. On September 8, 2004, observers of the SRCas triumphant return became concerned as the NASA announcer fell silent, and then became even more alarmed as they watched the spacecraft tumble as it streaked across the sky. Long-distance cameras clearly showed that the drogue parachute had not deployed properly. On September 9, 2004, General Eugene Tattini, Deputy Director of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory formed a Failure Review Board (FRB). This board was charged with investigating the cause of the Genesis mishap in close concert with the NASA Mishap Investigation Board (MIB). The JPL-FRB was populated with experts from within and external to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The JPL-FRB participated with the NASA-MIB through all phases of the investigation, working jointly and concurrently as one team to discover the facts of the mishap.

  5. Education Officers on board the JOIDES Resolution: A Three-Year Review and Assessment of a Unique Professional Development Opportunity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, S. K.; Peart, L.

    2012-12-01

    Deep Earth Academy - as the education department of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program - has pioneered a unique approach to the role of educators on board ocean-going research expeditions. As Education Officers, the educator on board the JOIDES Resolution (JR) has the role of prime translator of the exciting geological, geochemical, microbiological and paleo-oceanographic science being done, with sole responsibility for coordinating the story of each expedition that is sent out to the broader world. For two months, the Education Officer coordinates - with participation from the science party and technical staff - blogs, social media postings, web site updates and live ship-to-shore events for a variety of shore-based audiences, including classrooms, museums, professional development workshops and media outlets. This presentation will include results of a three-year review of the experiences of the JR's Education Officers, including their perspectives on their role, the impacts on their lives, careers and students, and their recommendations for the program going forward. Data from surveys of the science parties and technical staff with whom they worked, live event feedback and focus groups will be shared. The presentation will also include video examples of the education officers at work. Opportunities to become involved in this professional development opportunity - either from the ship or shore - will be shared.

  6. Use of Commercial FPGA-Based Evaluation Boards for Single-Event Testing of DDR2 and DDR3 SDRAMs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ladbury, R. L.; Berg, M. D.; Wilcox, E. P.; LaBel, K. A.; Kim, H. S.; Phan, A. M.; Seidleck, C. M.

    2013-01-01

    We investigate the use of commercial FPGA based evaluation boards for radiation testing DDR2 and DDR3 SDRAMs. We evaluate the resulting data quality and the tradeoffs involved in the use of these boards.

  7. Oregon's Gun Relief Program for Adjudicated Mentally Ill Persons: The Psychiatric Security Review Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Britton, Juliet; Bloom, Joseph D

    2015-06-01

    This article describes the State of Oregon's implementation of two programs designed to comply with federal gun laws regarding reporting individuals who have received mental health adjudications in criminal and civil courts. One mandate requires that states submit names of adjudicated individuals to the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) while the second requires that the state establish a qualifying gun restoration program for those disqualified from gun ownership. In 2009, Oregon's Legislature developed an administrative approach to gun restoration and assigned the responsibility for conducting these hearing to the Oregon Psychiatric Security Review Board (PSRB). The PSRB is a state administrative board that has existed since 1977 and has been primarily focused on the supervision and treatment of adult and juvenile insanity acquittees. The gun restoration program began in 2010, but to date has only received three completed petitions requesting restoration of firearm rights. The article concludes with a discussion that surmises why very few of the Oregonians who are listed in NICS have submitted petitions for relief. PMID:25728522

  8. Design of High Frequency Power Oscillator Board Based on Rotary Encoder Control

    OpenAIRE

    Jiang Shifen; Liang Jiyi

    2013-01-01

    Accurate and stable high frequency pulse power supply is studied to improve high-speed wedm machine tool's efficiency. Regarding to the shortcomings of traditional digital circuit high frequency oscillator board, we design a high frequency power oscillator board based on rotary encoder control, control accuracy and high-frequency waveform by programming, adjusting the frequency and display. It has six brakes of processing function, it also includes feedback function of emulsification oil. The...

  9. Integration of polymer-based optical waveguide arrays and micro/nano-photonic devices for optical printed circuit board (O-PCB) application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, El-Hang; Lee, Seung Gol; O, Beom Hoan; Park, Se-Geun; Kim, Kyong Heon; Kang, Jin Ku; Choi, Young Wan

    2005-03-01

    We report, in the form of review, on the results of our study on the fabrication and assembly of polymer-based optical waveguide arrays and micro/nano-photonic devices for optical printed circuit boards (O-PCBs) application. The O-PCBs are designed to perform the functions of transporting, switching, routing and distributing optical signals on flat modular boards, substrates or chips. We have assembled and constructed O-PCBs using optical waveguide arrays and circuits made of polymer materials and have examined their information handling performances. We also designed power beam splitters and waveguide filters using nano-scale photonic band-gap crystals. We discuss scientific and technological issues concerning the processes of miniaturization, interconnection and integration of polymer optical waveguide devices and arrays for the O-PCBs as applicable to board-to-board, chip-to-chip, and intra-chip integration for computers, telecommunications, and transportation systems.

  10. Design and realization of a high productivity cluster-based network application reconfigurable accelerator board

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zeng Yu; Li Jun; Sun Ninghui; Wang Jie; Liu Zhaohui

    2008-01-01

    Improving processor frequency to strengthen massive data processing capability will lead to incremental server marginal costs and bring about a series of problems such as power consumption, management complexity, etc. Based on the field programmable gate array (FPGA), TCP offload engine (TOE), zero-copy and other key technologies, this paper describes the design and realization of a reconfigurable accelerator board. In this board, TCP/IP protocol will be moved to high-speed reconfigurable accelerator board. The packets will be labeled according to the protocol and submitted to the upper data processing software after IP-quintuple filtering in hardware. Reconfigurable accelerator board obtains higher performance speed-up compared with ordinary NIC card.

  11. Action Research, Assessment, and Institutional Review Boards (IRB): Conflicting Demands or Productive Tension for the Academic Librarian?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, Robert

    2014-01-01

    This article puts forward an "assessment/action research/publication" cycle that integrates aspects of the assessment, research, and Institutional Review Board (IRB) processes to provide academic librarians with a systematic approach for balancing competing workplace demands and give library managers a roadmap for creating a…

  12. 75 FR 65395 - Notice Convening an Accountability Review Board To Examine the Circumstances of the Death of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Notice Convening an Accountability Review Board To Examine the Circumstances of the Death of Three DoD Personnel Assigned to the U.S. Embassy's Office of Defense Representative Pakistan (ODRP) on February 3,...

  13. Design of a high dynamic range photomultiplier base board for the BGO ECAL of DAMPE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A base board for photomultiplier tube (PMT) with multi-dynode readout has been developed for the BGO electromagnetic calorimeter (ECAL) of the Dark Matter Particle Explorer (DAMPE). In order to cover a high dynamic range of energy measurements, the signals are read out from different sensitive dynodes 2, 5, and 8 (Dy2, Dy5 and Dy8). The performance of this new type of base board is studied with a light-emitting diode (LED) system and cosmic rays. A wide measuring range from 0.5 to 1.0×105 MIPs can be achieved using the VA32 readout Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC)

  14. The Education Review Board: A Mechanism for Managing Potential Conflicts of Interest in Medical Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borus, Jonathan F; Alexander, Erik K; Bierer, Barbara E; Bringhurst, F Richard; Clark, Christopher; Klanica, Kaley E; Stewart, Erin C; Friedman, Lawrence S

    2015-12-01

    Concerns about the influence of industry support on medical education, research, and patient care have increased in both medical and political circles. Some academic medical centers, questioning whether industry support of medical education could be appropriate and not a conflict of interest, banned such support. In 2009, a Partners HealthCare System commission concluded that interactions with industry remained important to Partners' charitable academic mission and made recommendations to transparently manage such relationships. An Education Review Board (ERB) was created to oversee and manage all industry support of Partners educational activities.Using a case review method, the ERB developed guidelines to implement the commission's recommendations. A multi-funder rule was established that prohibits industry support from only one company for any Partners educational activity. Within that framework, the ERB established guidelines on industry support of educational conferences, clinical fellowships, and trainees' expenses for attending external educational programs; gifts of textbooks and other educational materials; promotional opportunities associated with Partners educational activities; Partners educational activities under contract with an industry entity; and industry-run programs using Partners resources.Although many changes have resulted from the implementation of the ERB guidelines, the number of industry grants for Partners educational activities has remained relatively stable, and funding for these activities declined only moderately during the first three full calendar years (2011-2013) of ERB oversight. The ERB continually educates both the Partners community and industry about the rationale for its guidelines and its openness to their refinement in response to changes in the external environment. PMID:26083402

  15. A Survey Study of Institutional Review Board Thought Processes in the United States and South Korea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Si-Kyung Jung

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: In the last several decades, South Korea has rapidly adopted Western customs and practices. Yet, cultural differences between South Korea and the United States exist. The purpose ofthis study was to identify and characterize potential cultural differences in the Korean and US institutional review board (IRB approach to certain topics.Methods: A qualitative analysis of a 9-item survey, describing 4 research study case scenarios, sent to IRB members from the United States and South Korea. The case scenarios involved the followingissues: (1 the need for consent for retrospective chart review when research subjects receive their care after the study is conceived; (2 child assent; (3 individual versus population benefit; and (4 exception from informed consent in emergency resuscitation research. The free-text responses were analyzed and abstracted for recurrent themes.Results: Twenty-three of the 45 survey recipients completed the survey, for an overall response rate of 51%. The themes that emerged were as follows: (1 the importance of parental authority among Korean participants versus the importance of child autonomy and child assent among US participants; (2 the recognition of the rights of a proxy or surrogate who can represent an individual’s values by all participants; and (3 the importance of the community, expressed by the Korean respondents, versus individualism, expressed by US respondents.Conclusion: Whereas US participants appear to emphasize the importance of the individual and the autonomy of a child, the Korean respondents stressed the importance of parental authority andbenefiting the community, above and beyond that of the individual person. However, there was substantial overlap in the themes expressed by respondents from both countries.

  16. Quality of Reporting of Serious Adverse Drug Events to an Institutional Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dorr, David A.; Burdon, Rachel; West, Dennis P.; Lagman, Jennifer; Georgopoulos, Christina; Belknap, Steven M.; McKoy, June M.; Djulbegovic, Benjamin; Edwards, Beatrice J.; Weitzman, Sigmund A.; Boyle, Simone; Tallman, Martin S.; Talpaz, Moshe; Sartor, Oliver; Bennett, Charles L.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose Serious adverse drug event (sADE) reporting to Institutional Review Boards (IRB) is essential to ensure pharmaceutical safety. However, the quality of these reports has not been studied. Safety reports are especially important for cancer drugs that receive accelerated Food and Drug Administration approval, like imatinib, as preapproval experience with these drugs is limited. We evaluated the quality, accuracy, and completeness of sADE reports submitted to an IRB. Experimental Design sADE reports submitted to an IRB from 14 clinical trials with imatinib were reviewed. Structured case report forms, containing detailed clinical data fields and a validated causality assessment instrument, were developed. Two forms were generated for each ADE, the first populated with data abstracted from the IRB reports, and the second populated with data from the corresponding clinical record. Completeness and causality assessments were evaluated for each of the two sources, and then compared. Accuracy (concordance between sources) was also assessed. Results Of 115 sADEs reported for 177 cancer patients to the IRB, overall completeness of adverse event descriptions was 2.4-fold greater for structured case report forms populated with information from the clinical record versus the corresponding forms from IRB reports (95.0% versus 40.3%, P < 0.05). Information supporting causality assessments was recorded 3.5-fold more often in primary data sources versus IRB adverse event descriptions (93% versus 26%, P < 0.05). Some key clinical information was discrepant between the two sources. Conclusions The use of structured syndrome-specific case report forms could enhance the quality of reporting to IRBs, thereby improving the safety of pharmaceuticals administered to cancer patients. PMID:19458059

  17. A microprocessor-based single board computer for high energy physics event pattern recognition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A single board MC 68000 based computer has been assembled and bench marked against the CDC 7600 running portions of the pattern recognition code used at the MPS. This computer has a floating coprocessor to achieve throughputs equivalent to several percent that of the 7600. A major part of this work was the construction of a FORTRAN compiler including assembler, linker and library. The intention of this work is to assemble a large number of these single board computers in a parallel FASTBUS environment to act as an on-line and off-line filter for the raw data from MPS II and ISABELLE experiments. (orig.)

  18. Microprocessor-based single board computer for high energy physics event pattern recognition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A single board MC 68000 based computer has been assembled and bench marked against the CDC 7600 running portions of the pattern recognition code used at the MPS. This computer has a floating coprocessor to achieve throughputs equivalent to several percent that of the 7600. A major part of this work was the construction of a FORTRAN compiler including assembler, linker and library. The intention of this work is to assemble a large number of these single board computers in a parallel FASTBUS environment to act as an on-line and off-line filter for the raw data from MPS II and ISABELLE experiments

  19. Design of High Frequency Power Oscillator Board Based on Rotary Encoder Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiang Shifen

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Accurate and stable high frequency pulse power supply is studied to improve high-speed wedm machine tool's efficiency. Regarding to the shortcomings of traditional digital circuit high frequency oscillator board, we design a high frequency power oscillator board based on rotary encoder control, control accuracy and high-frequency waveform by programming, adjusting the frequency and display. It has six brakes of processing function, it also includes feedback function of emulsification oil. The high frequency will be shutdown and the emulsification oil will be changed if there is too much metal dust in emulsification. It has been proved by practice that high-frequency circuit board is simple and reliable and can greatly increase efficiency of wire cutting.

  20. Developing an ARM based GNU/Linux Operating System for Single Board Computer – Cubietruck

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.Pravin Kumar

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The design and implementation of a Monolithic-Kernel Single Board Computer (SBC - Cubietruck GNU/Linux-like operating system on ARM platform in technical details, including boot loader design - UBOOT, building the Kernel - uImage, design of root file system and init process. The Single Board Computer Operating System (SBC OS is developed on Linux platform with GNU tool chain. The SBC OS can be used for both SBC system application development and related curriculum teaching. Single Board Computer like embedded system related curriculums are already become necessary components for undergraduate computer majors. The system is mainly designed for the purpose of technical research and curriculum based teaching and students to learn, study and more readable, of which the source codes can be provided to students, guiding them to design tiny operating system on ARM platform from scratch.

  1. A Full Mesh ATCA-based General Purpose Data Processing Board: Pulsar II

    CERN Document Server

    Olsen, J; Okumura, Y

    2014-01-01

    High luminosity conditions at the LHC pose many unique challenges for potential silicon based track trigger systems. Among those challenges is data formatting, where hits from thousands of silicon modules must first be shared and organized into overlapping trigger towers. Other challenges exist for Level-1 track triggers, where many parallel data paths may be used for 5 high speed time multiplexed data transfers. Communication between processing nodes requires high bandwidth, low latency, and flexible real time data sharing, for which a full mesh backplane is a natural fit. A custom full mesh enabled ATCA board called the Pulsar II has been designed with the goal of creating a scalable architecture abundant in flexible, non-blocking, high bandwidth board- to-board communication channels while keeping the design as simple as possible.

  2. Efforts to Manage Disputes in the Construction Industry: A Comparison of the New Engineering Contract and the Dispute Review Board

    OpenAIRE

    Thompson, Roxene Marie II

    1998-01-01

    The construction industry has been plagued with an increasing number of claims and high litigation costs. How do we reduce conflict and litigation in the construction process? On one hand, leaders of the construction industry in the United States (US) focused their efforts on improving alternative dispute resolution mechanisms. For instance, the American Society of Civil Engineers has introduced the Dispute Review Board (DRB) as a complementary provision to standard US construction practic...

  3. Factors Associated with Review Board Dispositions following Re-hospitalization among Discharged Persons found Not Criminally Responsible.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Catherine M; Nicholls, Tonia L; Charette, Yanick; Seto, Michael C; Crocker, Anne G

    2016-03-01

    In the Canadian forensic mental health system, a person found Not Criminally Responsible on account of Mental Disorder (NCRMD) and given a conditional discharge returns to the community while remaining under the jurisdiction of a provincial/territorial Review Board. However, the individual can be re-hospitalized while on conditional discharge, for reasons such as substance use, violation of conditions, or violence. We investigated whether being re-hospitalized has an impact on the factors associated with the subsequent Review Board disposition. Persons found NCRMD from the three largest Canadian provinces who were conditionally discharged at least once during the observation period were included in the sample (N = 1,367). These individuals were involved in 2,920 disposition hearings; nearly one-third of patients (30%) were re-hospitalized after having been conditionally discharged by the Review Board. The factors examined included the scales of the Historical Clinical Risk Management-20 and salient behavior that occurred since the previous hearing, such as substance use or violence. The greater presence of clinical items resulted in a greater likelihood of a hospital detention decision at the next hearing. The effect was larger for the re-hospitalized group than for the group who successfully remained in the community since the last hearing. The results suggest that dynamic factors, specifically indicators of mental health, are heavily weighted by the Review Boards, consistent with the literature on imminent risk and in line with the NCRMD legislation. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:27041680

  4. Identifying Repetitive Institutional Review Board Stipulations by Natural Language Processing and Network Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kury, Fabrício S P; Cimino, James J

    2015-01-01

    The corrections ("stipulations") to a proposed research study protocol produced by an institutional review board (IRB) can often be repetitive across many studies; however, there is no standard set of stipulations that could be used, for example, by researchers wishing to anticipate and correct problems in their research proposals prior to submitting to an IRB. The objective of the research was to computationally identify the most repetitive types of stipulations generated in the course of IRB deliberations. The text of each stipulation was normalized using the natural language processing techniques. An undirected weighted network was constructed in which each stipulation was represented by a node, and each link, if present, had weight corresponding to the TF-IDF Cosine Similarity of the stipulations. Network analysis software was then used to identify clusters in the network representing similar stipulations. The final results were correlated with additional data to produce further insights about the IRB workflow. From a corpus of 18,582 stipulations we identified 31 types of repetitive stipulations. Those types accounted for 3,870 stipulations (20.8% of the corpus) produced for 697 (88.7%) of all protocols in 392 (also 88.7%) of all the CNS IRB meetings with stipulations entered in our data source. A notable peroportion of the corrections produced by the IRB can be considered highly repetitive. Our shareable method relied on a minimal manual analysis and provides an intuitive exploration with theoretically unbounded granularity. Finer granularity allowed for the insight that is anticipated to prevent the need for identifying the IRB panel expertise or any human supervision. PMID:26262117

  5. Development of wide band digital receiver for atmospheric radars using COTS board based SDR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yasodha, Polisetti; Jayaraman, Achuthan; Thriveni, A.

    2016-07-01

    Digital receiver extracts the received echo signal information, and is a potential subsystem for atmospheric radar, also referred to as wind profiling radar (WPR), which provides the vertical profiles of 3-dimensional wind vector in the atmosphere. This paper presents the development of digital receiver using COTS board based Software Defined Radio technique, which can be used for atmospheric radars. The developmental work is being carried out at National Atmospheric Research Laboratory (NARL), Gadanki. The digital receiver consists of a commercially available software defined radio (SDR) board called as universal software radio peripheral B210 (USRP B210) and a personal computer. USRP B210 operates over a wider frequency range from 70 MHz to 6 GHz and hence can be used for variety of radars like Doppler weather radars operating in S/C bands, in addition to wind profiling radars operating in VHF, UHF and L bands. Due to the flexibility and re-configurability of SDR, where the component functionalities are implemented in software, it is easy to modify the software to receive the echoes and process them as per the requirement suitable for the type of the radar intended. Hence, USRP B210 board along with the computer forms a versatile digital receiver from 70 MHz to 6 GHz. It has an inbuilt direct conversion transceiver with two transmit and two receive channels, which can be operated in fully coherent 2x2 MIMO fashion and thus it can be used as a two channel receiver. Multiple USRP B210 boards can be synchronized using the pulse per second (PPS) input provided on the board, to configure multi-channel digital receiver system. RF gain of the transceiver can be varied from 0 to 70 dB. The board can be controlled from the computer via USB 3.0 interface through USRP hardware driver (UHD), which is an open source cross platform driver. The USRP B210 board is connected to the personal computer through USB 3.0. Reference (10 MHz) clock signal from the radar master oscillator

  6. Decision 13-2009 in the matter of a review by the NWT Public Utilities Board regarding customer complaints of high consumption on power bills from Northland Utilities Limited

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In February 2009, in response to customer complaints, the Northwest Territories Public Utilities Board requested that Northland Utilities conduct a review of at least the last 3 billing cycles to detect and explain unusually high power bills. Northland responded that the complaints were based primarily on price, not usage, and that the findings can be attributed to rate adjustments as well as colder weather. However, the Board decided to examine certain aspects of Northland's response in detail and initiated an inquiry under section 52 of the Public Utilities Act. The Board determined that Northland Utilities' process for investigating customer complaints was too informal and without any clear structure, resulting in confusion for some customers. The Board directed the utility to develop a document for dealing with customer concerns that clearly outlines the rights and responsibilities of both the utility and the customers. The Board also directed Northland Utilities to reduce the $500 threshold for a company-initiated review of an account to $400. This document addressed issues regarding estimated versus actual meter readings; the number of days in a billing cycle; the prominence of consumption and overall cost on a bill; bill calculators; customer consumption monitoring; pre-paid meters; and meter accuracy. Specific customer complaints were included along with a summary of Board directives.

  7. 76 FR 47613 - Board Meeting: September 13-14, 2011-Salt Lake City, UT; the U.S. Nuclear Waste Technical Review...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NUCLEAR WASTE TECHNICAL REVIEW BOARD Board Meeting: September 13-14, 2011--Salt Lake City, UT; the U.S. Nuclear Waste Technical... section 5051 of Public Law 100-203, Nuclear Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1987, the U.S. Nuclear...

  8. An EPLD-based time-of-arrival acquisition board for neutron coincidence counting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A PC acquisition board for a new generation of passive assay neutron multiplicity counters is described. The board acquires the time-of-arrival of each digital pulse from a set of neutron counters together with the relevant detector identification number and stores these data in the PC memory. By statistical processing of the data safeguards verifications of plutonium bearing materials or nuclear wastes characterizations can be done. Simultaneous events from different detectors were processed sequentially (derandomized) without any data loss. A FIFO (First In First Out) bank on the board makes it possible to acquire data at a peak rate much higher than the PC bus bandwidth. All the logic circuits (input section with sequencer and channel encoder, 32-bit system clock, FIFO controller and PC bus interface) are implemented with EPLDs (Erasable Programmable Logic Devices), making it possible to fit up to 64 input channels in an AT full size board and up four boards in the PC bus. As a general rule the processing time increases with the number of input channels; exploiting the internal architecture of the EPLDs several solutions with different trade off between speed and number of inputs were analyzed. The 36 input, 100 ns speed version was built, fully Characterized and integrated in a multiplicity counting system. With an assembly driver up to 0.5 Mevents/s can be recorded with a 286 or higher based PC; the total number of events that can be continuously collected at maximum speed is limited only by the size of the PC extended memory. The board is also suited for time correlation analysis in other fields e.g. photon counting

  9. Characterisation of water-based floxographic inks and their interacitons with polymer-coated board

    OpenAIRE

    Rentzhog, Maria

    2004-01-01

    This licentiate thesis comprises two parallel studies dealing with water-based flexographic inks on PE-coated liquid packaging board. The commercial waterbased inks that were used in both studies vary in type of pigment and acrylatepolymer vehicle, and in pigment/vehicle mixing proportions. One vehicle is solely based on emulsion polymer, another contains solution polymer, and the third is a 50/50 blend of these two. The first study presents results from characterisation of a matrix of these ...

  10. EXFI: a low cost Fault Injection System for embedded Microprocessor-based Boards

    OpenAIRE

    Benso, Alfredo; Prinetto, Paolo Ernesto; Rebaudengo, Maurizio; Sonza Reorda, Matteo

    1998-01-01

    Evaluating the faulty behavior of low-cost embedded microprocessor-based boards is an increasingly important issue, due to their adoption in many safety critical systems. The architecture of a complete Fault Injection environment is proposed, integrating a module for generating a collapsed list of faults, and another for performing their injection and gathering the results. To address this issue, the paper describes a software-implemented Fault Injection approach based on the Trace Exception ...

  11. COMPOSITION OF STAFF REVIEW ADVISORY BODIES - 2000 COMPOSITION OF THE JOINT TRAINING BOARD (JTB) - 2000/2001

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Division

    2000-01-01

    For the present staff review, the advisory bodies set up to prepare recommendations are composed as follows:Senior Staff Advancement Committee (SSAC)D. Treille / EP (Convener)C. Benvenuti / ESTD. O. Williams /ITTechnical Engineers & Administrative Careers Committee (TEACC) C. Hauviller / EPL. Leistam / ESTS. Jarp / IT [Chairman]F. Pedersen / PSR. Lauckner / SLC. Roche / ETTLong-term contract Boards (LTCBs) (Categories 2 &5a)Tiziano Camporesi / EP [Convener]Florence Ranjard / EP\t[Alternate]Jacques Gruber / PSPeter Sievers / LHCThomas Pettersson / ESTMichel Mayoud / ESTSue Foffano / ASThierry Lagrange / SPLWerner Zapf / HR (Secretary) LTCB 2(Categories 3, 4, 5b & 5c)Véronique Paris / SL [Convener]Fabien Pérriolat / PS\t [Alternate]Mats Wilhelmsson / STVéronique Fassnacht / TISLucie Linssen / EPMichel Mayoud / ESTPatrick Geeraert / FIJohn Cuthbert / HRSeamus Hegarty / HR (Secretary) Composition of the Joint Training Board (JT...

  12. Recycling of non-metallic fractions from waste printed circuit boards: A review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The major economic driving force for recycling of waste printed circuit boards (PCBs) is the value of the metallic fractions (MFs) of PCBs. The non-metallic fractions (NMFs), which take up almost 70 wt% of waste PCBs, were treated by combustion or land filling in the past. However, combustion of the NMFs will cause the formation of highly toxic polybrominated dibenzodioxins and dibenzofurans (PBDD/Fs) while land filling of the NMFs will lead to secondary pollution caused by heavy metals and brominated flame retardants (BFRs) leaching to the groundwater. Therefore, recycling of the NMFs from waste PCBs is drawing more and more attention from the public and the governments. Currently, how to recycle the NMFs environmental soundly has become a significant topic in recycling of waste PCBs. In order to fulfill the better resource utilization of the NMFs, the compositions and characteristics of the NMFs, methods and outcomes of recycling the NMFs from waste PCBs and analysis and treatment for the hazardous substances contained in the NMFs were reviewed in this paper. Thermosetting resin matrix composites, thermoplastic matrix composites, concrete and viscoelastic materials are main applications for physical recycling of the NMFs. Chemical recycling methods consisting of pyrolysis, gasification, supercritical fluids depolymerization and hydrogenolytic degradation can be used to convert the NMFs to chemical feedstocks and fuels. The toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) and synthetic precipitation leaching procedure (SPLP) can be used to determine the toxicity characteristic (TC) of the NMFs and to evaluate the environmental safety of products made from the recycled NMFs. It is believed that physical recycling of the NMFs has been a promising recycling method. Much more work should be done to develop comprehensive and industrialized usage of the NMFs recycled by physical methods. Chemical recycling methods have the advantages in eliminating hazardous substances

  13. Scalability of a Base Level Design for an On-Board-Computer for Scientific Missions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Treudler, Carl Johann; Schroder, Jan-Carsten; Greif, Fabian; Stohlmann, Kai; Aydos, Gokce; Fey, Gorschwin

    2014-08-01

    Facing a wide range of mission requirements and the integration of diverse payloads requires extreme flexibility in the on-board-computing infrastructure for scientific missions. We show that scalability is principally difficult. We address this issue by proposing a base level design and show how the adoption to different needs is achieved. Inter-dependencies between scaling different aspects and their impact on different levels in the design are discussed.

  14. FPGA-based reconfigurable on-board computing systems for space applications

    OpenAIRE

    Kuwahara, Toshinori

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the thesis is to conceptualize an application method of ground-based reconfigurable FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array) technologies for space systems and to apply the method to the on-board computer of the small satellite Flying Laptop for the on-orbit demonstration. The Flying Laptop satellite is the first small satellite within the Stuttgart small satellite program'' in which several small satellites are developed by the Institute of Space Systems at the Universität Stuttga...

  15. 75 FR 78998 - Subcommittee on Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-17

    ... (External Radiation Monitoring at the Y-12 Facility During the 1948-1949 Period''), OTIB-0049 (``Estimating... Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health... employees at any Department of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not...

  16. 76 FR 77235 - Subcommittee on Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-12

    ... Assignment''), OTIB-0047 (``External Radiation Monitoring at the Y-12 Facility During the 1948-1949 Period... Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health... whether there is a class of employees at any Department of Energy facility who were exposed to...

  17. 76 FR 38183 - Subcommittee on Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-29

    ...''), OTIB-0047 (``External Radiation Monitoring at the Y-12 Facility During the 1948-1949 Period''), OTIB... Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health... employees at any Department of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not...

  18. 76 FR 11483 - Subcommittee on Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-02

    ... (``External Radiation Monitoring at the Y-12 Facility During the 1948- 1949 Period''), OTIB-0049 (``Estimating... Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health... employees at any Department of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not...

  19. 75 FR 39029 - Subcommittee on Procedures Review, Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-07

    ... Radiation Monitoring at the Y-12 Facility During the 1948-1949 Period''), OTIB-0049 (``Estimating Doses for... Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health... employees at any Department of Energy facility who were exposed to radiation but for whom it is not...

  20. 10 CFR 709.16 - Application of Counterintelligence Evaluation Review Boards in reaching conclusions regarding CI...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Boards in reaching conclusions regarding CI evaluations. 709.16 Section 709.16 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COUNTERINTELLIGENCE EVALUATION PROGRAM CI Evaluation Protocols and Protection of National Security... CI evaluations. (a) General. If the results of a counterintelligence evaluation are not...

  1. 78 FR 67218 - Senior Executive Service; Legal Division Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-08

    ... Division PRB The Board shall consist of at least three members. In the case of an appraisal of a career appointee, more than half the members shall consist of career appointees. Composition of the specific PRBs..., Assistant General Counsel (Banking and Finance); George Bostick, Benefits Tax Counsel; Himamauli...

  2. 75 FR 62921 - Senior Executive Service; Legal Division Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-13

    ... Division PRB The Board shall consist of at least three members. In the case of an appraisal of a career appointee, more than half the members shall consist of career appointees. Composition of the specific PRBs... (International Affairs); Peter A. Bieger, Deputy Assistant General Counsel (Banking and Finance); George...

  3. 76 FR 60128 - Senior Executive Service; Legal Division Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-28

    ... Division PRB The Board shall consist of at least three members. In the case of an appraisal of a career appointee, more than half the members shall consist of career appointees. Composition of the specific PRBs... (International Affairs); Peter A. Bieger, Deputy Assistant General Counsel (Banking and Finance); George...

  4. Utilization of a Technical Peer Review to Support the Mission of the Nevada Test Site Community Advisory Board

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The U. S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Operations Office (NNSA/NV) Environmental Management (EM) Underground Test Area (UGTA) project addresses the characterization and needs for long-term monitoring of the subsurface contamination resulting from 828 underground nuclear weapon tests at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). EM promotes, and is required, to include stakeholders in its program. However, UGTA is a very complex program not easily understood by members of the public. The NTS Community Advisory Board (CAB), a federally chartered Site Specific Advisory Board (SSAB), has studied the UGTA project since 1996, and has found it a challenge to completely comprehend and provide NNSA/NV meaningful citizen input. The CAB realized the benefit of a technical peer review and in 2000 recommended to NNSA/NV that a peer review of the UGTA strategy would provide valuable feedback to the program to address underground contamination at the NTS. N NSA agreed to the CAB's recommendation, and moved forward with a scope of work to have the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) perform the peer review of the UGTA strategy. The ASME began the peer review in June 2001, and their final report was published in November 2001. In January 2002, the CAB devoted their monthly meeting in Las Vegas, Nevada to reporting the results of the peer review of the UGTA strategy to the public. Two public workshops were later held in the community of Amargosa, Nevada during the month of January to help educate and build interest in the CAB February 2002 monthly meeting which was also held in Amargosa. The CAB recommendation to NNSA to utilize a technical peer review has provided valuable information to NNSA, the State of Nevada, and the CAB. At other DOE sites SSABs are challenged by a number of complex, technical programs requiring considerable time and resources for the board to comprehend. It is worth considering the utilization of an independent

  5. Status analysis of institutional review board in China%我国伦理委员会现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王冬; 江学维; 王瑾

    2014-01-01

    China′s ethic committee has played an increasingly significant role in clinical trials of new drugs since the establishment of the first batch of Institutional Review Boards in 1991.The Strategic Initiative for Developing Capacity in Ethical Review (SIDCER) of our country′s Insti-tutional Review Boards with those in Asia -Pacific area has made enor-mous strides.Status of our homeland′s ethics committee SIDCER recog-nition was analyzed in this paper.%自1991年建立首批伦理委员会,我国伦理事业在新药临床试验中作用越来越强。我国伦理委员会借助亚太地区民间的伦理委员会审查能力发展行动战略认证系统进一步发展。本文就我国目前伦理委员会审查能力发展行动战略(SIDCER)认证现状进行分析。

  6. Adaptive Signal Processing Testbed: VME-based DSP board market survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ingram, Rick E.

    1992-04-01

    The Adaptive Signal Processing Testbed (ASPT) is a real-time multiprocessor system utilizing digital signal processor technology on VMEbus based printed circuit boards installed on a Sun workstation. The ASPT has specific requirements, particularly as regards to the signal excision application, with respect to interfacing with current and planned data generation equipment, processing of the data, storage to disk of final and intermediate results, and the development tools for applications development and integration into the overall EW/COM computing environment. A prototype ASPT was implemented using three VME-C-30 boards from Applied Silicon. Experience gained during the prototype development led to the conclusions that interprocessor communications capability is the most significant contributor to overall ASPT performance. In addition, the host involvement should be minimized. Boards using different processors were evaluated with respect to the ASPT system requirements, pricing, and availability. Specific recommendations based on various priorities are made as well as recommendations concerning the integration and interaction of various tools developed during the prototype implementation.

  7. Gamed-based iSTART Practice: From MiBoard to Self-Explanation Showdown

    OpenAIRE

    Brunelle, Justin F.; Jackson, G. Tanner; Dempsey, Kyle; Boonthum, Chutima; Levinstein, Irwin B.; McNamara, Danielle S.

    2010-01-01

    MiBoard (Multiplayer Interactive Board Game) is an online, turnbased board game that was developed to assess the integration of game characteristics (point rewards, game-like interaction, and peer feedback) and how that might affect student engagement and learning efficacy. This online board game was designed to fit within the Extended Practice module of iSTART (Interactive Strategy Training for Active Reading and Thinking). Unfortunately, preliminary research shows that MiBoard actually redu...

  8. Low-Cost and Optimized Two Layers Embedded Board Based on ATmega32L Microcontroller and Spartan-3 FPGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahram Rashidi

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Microcontrollers and FPGAs both are widely used in digital system design. Microcontroller-based instruments are becoming increasingly widespread. This paper presents design and implementation of a new low-cost and minimum embedded board based on ATMEGA32L AVR microcontroller and Spartan-3 (XCS400-4PQG208C FPGA in two layers with mount elements on top and button of board. Using of AVR microcontroller in proposed board it adds many features include Analog to Digital Converter (ADC, Digital to Analog Converter (DAC, 32 Kbytes flash memory, 2 Kbytes SRAM, 1024 bytes EEPROM memory. The design goal was to implement as many as possible low-cost and minimum size of the board, also to receive and process input signals in a short time period as real time. The board features are; mount elements in two side of the board for minimization of proposed board and also place decoupling capacitors (by pass for the FPGA in bottom layer of board strictly below this IC because they should be placed as close as possible to the power supply pins FPGA, use GND polygon layer in total top layer and microcomputer ground for FPGA in bottom layer, use two RS-232 serial port, one VGA connector, PS/2 serial port, and SPI serial port on FPGA, use MT48LC16M16A SDRAM-256MB(4*4MB*16, and XCF02S configuration PROM. Size of the proposed embedded board is 10cm*15cm thus this board was optimized of aspect cost, performance, power, weight, and size.

  9. Deceased Donor Intervention Research: A Survey of Transplant Surgeons, Organ Procurement Professionals, and Institutional Review Board Members.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigue, J R; Feng, S; Johansson, A C; Glazier, A K; Abt, P L

    2016-01-01

    Innovative deceased donor intervention strategies have the potential to increase the number and quality of transplantable organs. Yet there is confusion over regulatory and legal requirements, as well as ethical considerations. We surveyed transplant surgeons (n = 294), organ procurement organization (OPO) professionals (n = 83), and institutional review board (IRB) members (n = 317) and found wide variations in their perceptions about research classification, risk assessment for donors and organ transplant recipients, regulatory oversight requirements, and informed consent in the context of deceased donor intervention research. For instance, when presented with different research scenarios, IRB members were more likely than transplant surgeons and OPO professionals to feel that study review and oversight were necessary by the IRBs at the investigator, donor, and transplant center hospitals. Survey findings underscore the need to clarify ethical, legal, and regulatory requirements and their application to deceased donor intervention research to accelerate the pace of scientific discovery and facilitate more transplants. PMID:26484950

  10. Movie Review Classification and Feature based Summarization of Movie Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabeeha Mohammed Basheer#1, Syed Farook

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Sentiment classification and feature based summarization are essential steps involved with the classification and summarization of movie reviews. The movie review classification is based on sentiment classification and condensed descriptions of movie reviews are generated from the feature based summarization. Experiments are conducted to identify the best machine learning based sentiment classification approach. Latent Semantic Analysis and Latent Dirichlet Allocation were compared to identify features which in turn affects the summary size. The focus of the system design is on classification accuracy and system response time.

  11. A COTS-based single board radiation-hardened computer for space applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There is great community interest in the ability to use COTS (Commercial-Off-The-Shelf) technology in radiation environments. Space Electronics, Inc. has developed a high performance COTS-based radiation hardened computer. COTS approaches were selected for both hardware and software. Through parts testing, selection and packaging, all requirements have been met without parts or process development. Reliability, total ionizing dose and single event performance are attractive. The characteristics, performance and radiation resistance of the single board computer will be presented. (authors)

  12. 77 FR 41189 - Subcommittee for Dose Reconstruction Reviews (SDRR), Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-12

    ... program quality management and assurance activities, including an overview of contractor quality management system and an update on the results of NIOSH internal dose reconstruction blind reviews;...

  13. 77 FR 47067 - Notification of Two Public Quality Review Teleconferences of the Chartered Science Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-07

    ... Ecological Risk Assessment in Environmental Decision- Making'' (EPA-SAB-08-002). Background information about... review report on EPA's accounting framework for biogenic carbon dioxide emissions from stationary sources... report entitled ``SAB Review (7-26-12 Draft) of EPA's Accounting Framework for Biogenic CO 2...

  14. Fault diagnostics for turbo-shaft engine sensors based on a simplified on-board model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Feng; Huang, Jinquan; Xing, Yaodong

    2012-01-01

    Combining a simplified on-board turbo-shaft model with sensor fault diagnostic logic, a model-based sensor fault diagnosis method is proposed. The existing fault diagnosis method for turbo-shaft engine key sensors is mainly based on a double redundancies technique, and this can't be satisfied in some occasions as lack of judgment. The simplified on-board model provides the analytical third channel against which the dual channel measurements are compared, while the hardware redundancy will increase the structure complexity and weight. The simplified turbo-shaft model contains the gas generator model and the power turbine model with loads, this is built up via dynamic parameters method. Sensor fault detection, diagnosis (FDD) logic is designed, and two types of sensor failures, such as the step faults and the drift faults, are simulated. When the discrepancy among the triplex channels exceeds a tolerance level, the fault diagnosis logic determines the cause of the difference. Through this approach, the sensor fault diagnosis system achieves the objectives of anomaly detection, sensor fault diagnosis and redundancy recovery. Finally, experiments on this method are carried out on a turbo-shaft engine, and two types of faults under different channel combinations are presented. The experimental results show that the proposed method for sensor fault diagnostics is efficient. PMID:23112645

  15. Simultaneous detection of lactate and glucose by integrated printed circuit board based array sensing chip

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Xuelian [Institute for Clean Energy and Advanced Materials, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715 (China); School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715 (China); Zang, Jianfeng [Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 (United States); Liu, Yingshuai; Lu, Zhisong [Institute for Clean Energy and Advanced Materials, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715 (China); Li, Qing, E-mail: Qli@swu.edu.cn [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715 (China); Li, Chang Ming, E-mail: ecmli@swu.edu.cn [Institute for Clean Energy and Advanced Materials, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715 (China)

    2013-04-10

    Highlights: ► An integrated printed circuit board (PCB) based array sensing chip was developed. ► Simultaneous detection of lactate and glucose in serum has been demonstrated. ► The array electronic biochip has high signal to noise ratio and high sensitivity. ► Additional electrodes were designed on the chip to correct interferences. -- Abstract: An integrated printed circuit board (PCB) based array sensing chip was developed to simultaneously detect lactate and glucose in mouse serum. The novelty of the chip relies on a concept demonstration of inexpensive high-throughput electronic biochip, a chip design for high signal to noise ratio and high sensitivity by construction of positively charged chitosan/redox polymer Polyvinylimidazole-Os (PVI-Os)/carbon nanotube (CNT) composite sensing platform, in which the positively charged chitosan/PVI-Os is mediator and electrostatically immobilizes the negatively charged enzyme, while CNTs function as an essential cross-linker to network PVI-Os and chitosan due to its negative charged nature. Additional electrodes on the chip with the same sensing layer but without enzymes were prepared to correct the interferences for high specificity. Low detection limits of 0.6 μM and 5 μM were achieved for lactate and glucose, respectively. This work could be extended to inexpensive array sensing chips with high sensitivity, good specificity and high reproducibility for various sensor applications.

  16. Fault Diagnostics for Turbo-Shaft Engine Sensors Based on a Simplified On-Board Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaodong Xing

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Combining a simplified on-board turbo-shaft model with sensor fault diagnostic logic, a model-based sensor fault diagnosis method is proposed. The existing fault diagnosis method for turbo-shaft engine key sensors is mainly based on a double redundancies technique, and this can’t be satisfied in some occasions as lack of judgment. The simplified on-board model provides the analytical third channel against which the dual channel measurements are compared, while the hardware redundancy will increase the structure complexity and weight. The simplified turbo-shaft model contains the gas generator model and the power turbine model with loads, this is built up via dynamic parameters method. Sensor fault detection, diagnosis (FDD logic is designed, and two types of sensor failures, such as the step faults and the drift faults, are simulated. When the discrepancy among the triplex channels exceeds a tolerance level, the fault diagnosis logic determines the cause of the difference. Through this approach, the sensor fault diagnosis system achieves the objectives of anomaly detection, sensor fault diagnosis and redundancy recovery. Finally, experiments on this method are carried out on a turbo-shaft engine, and two types of faults under different channel combinations are presented. The experimental results show that the proposed method for sensor fault diagnostics is efficient.

  17. Simultaneous detection of lactate and glucose by integrated printed circuit board based array sensing chip

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► An integrated printed circuit board (PCB) based array sensing chip was developed. ► Simultaneous detection of lactate and glucose in serum has been demonstrated. ► The array electronic biochip has high signal to noise ratio and high sensitivity. ► Additional electrodes were designed on the chip to correct interferences. -- Abstract: An integrated printed circuit board (PCB) based array sensing chip was developed to simultaneously detect lactate and glucose in mouse serum. The novelty of the chip relies on a concept demonstration of inexpensive high-throughput electronic biochip, a chip design for high signal to noise ratio and high sensitivity by construction of positively charged chitosan/redox polymer Polyvinylimidazole-Os (PVI-Os)/carbon nanotube (CNT) composite sensing platform, in which the positively charged chitosan/PVI-Os is mediator and electrostatically immobilizes the negatively charged enzyme, while CNTs function as an essential cross-linker to network PVI-Os and chitosan due to its negative charged nature. Additional electrodes on the chip with the same sensing layer but without enzymes were prepared to correct the interferences for high specificity. Low detection limits of 0.6 μM and 5 μM were achieved for lactate and glucose, respectively. This work could be extended to inexpensive array sensing chips with high sensitivity, good specificity and high reproducibility for various sensor applications

  18. Nuclear medicine technology. Review questions for the board examinations. 4. ed.

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The only comprehensive exam preparation guide on the market. Includes a mock registry exam. Provides expanded coverage of positron emission tomography and other new procedures and practices. This book prepares students and technologists for registry examinations in nuclear medicine technology by providing practice questions and answers with detailed explanations, as well as a mock registry exam. The questions are designed to test the basic knowledge required of nuclear medicine technologists, as well as the practical application of that knowledge. The topics covered closely follow the content specifications and the components of preparedness as published by the certification boards. This 4th edition includes expanded coverage of positron emission tomography and other new procedures and practices in the field of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging.

  19. Multiple high voltage power supply controls solution using compact, distributed Ethernet based PC boards and Linux/Windows based GUIS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Compact Ethernet based High voltage PC boards have been developed, tested and produced to use as an integrated HV power supply unit to generate and control voltages varying from 0 to 2000 V dc from any OS independent PC platform. The Neutron gamma array (NAND) project at IUAC will need distributed control of at least 120 such units over a private Local Area Network to bias detectors. These Power supplies are being made as five independent boxes, each box consisting of 24 such HV PC boards and they will be interconnected using network switches. Presently, a compact two layer board with the PICO make DC-DC HV converter mounted on PCB, put together in a group of 24 of them, have been built and fully tested. The advantage of such a system is that, it is easily expandable to a large number of power supplies with low cost, globally accessible, multiple users in a network can set or read any power supply value through an OS independent PC. Control GUI applications are developed using C, IUAC PCLI, Qt C++ etc. and have been successfully tested. (author)

  20. Renewable electricity generation: supporting documentation for the Renewables Advisory Board submission to the 2006 UK energy review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Renewables Advisory Board (RAB) is an independent, non-departmental public body, sponsored by the DTI, which brings together representatives of the renewable sector and the unions. Electricity generation from renewable energy sources offers a range of advantages to the UK electricity-generating sector. This document, prepared as supporting documentation for the RAB submission to the 2006 Energy Review, examines the role of renewable energy in improving security of supply, lowering financial risk for energy portfolios, and reducing electricity cost volatility and fuel costs for the UK. Key topics addressed in this report include: resource security; security of supply; price security; and operational security. Also covered are variability patterns, financial costs and benefits of renewable generation. Maintaining the option and flexibility of future renewables development has a real option value, with overseas evidence showing that this can be significant

  1. 75 FR 4453 - Health Services Research and Development Service Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-27

    ... 12 noon and Career Development will convene from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. On March 3, Career Development will... Research Initiative (NRI) Review 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Career Development Award (CDA) Review 4:30 p.m.-5:30 p.m... Wednesday, March 3, 2010 Meetings conducted simultaneously. 8 a.m.-1 p.m. Career Development Award...

  2. All-semiconductor metamaterial-based optical circuit board at the microscale

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The newly introduced metamaterial-based optical circuit, an analogue of electronic circuit, is becoming a forefront topic in the fields of electronics, optics, plasmonics, and metamaterials. However, metals, as the commonly used plasmonic elements in an optical circuit, suffer from large losses at the visible and infrared wavelengths. We propose here a low-loss, all-semiconductor metamaterial-based optical circuit board at the microscale by using interleaved intrinsic GaAs and doped GaAs, and present the detailed design process for various lumped optical circuit elements, including lumped optical inductors, optical capacitors, optical conductors, and optical insulators. By properly combining these optical circuit elements and arranging anisotropic optical connectors, we obtain a subwavelength optical filter, which can always hold band-stop filtering function for various polarization states of the incident electromagnetic wave. All-semiconductor optical circuits may provide a new opportunity in developing low-power and ultrafast components and devices for optical information processing

  3. The American Board of Radiology Holman Research Pathway: 10-Year Retrospective Review of the Program and Participant Performance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Introduction: In 1999, the American Board of Radiology (ABR) implemented an innovative training program track in diagnostic radiology (DR) and radiation oncology (RO) designed to stimulate development of a cadre of future academic researchers and educators in the 2 disciplines. The program was designated the Holman Research Pathway (HRP). An in-depth retrospective review of initial certification examination performance, post-training career choices, and academic productivity has not been written. This report represents a 10-year retrospective review of post-training performance of a cohort of trainees who have had sufficient time to complete their training and initial certification process and to enter practice. Methods and Materials: All pertinent proceedings of the ABR and Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Residency Review Committees for DR and RO between 1997 and May 2011 were reviewed. Thirty-four HRP candidates who fulfilled the established evaluation criteria were identified, and their ABR data files were analyzed regarding performance on the qualifying and certifying examinations. All candidates were contacted directly to obtain a current curriculum vitae. Results: Twenty candidates in RO and 14 candidates in DR were identifiable for review. All candidates attained initial certification. At the time of analysis, 23 of 33 (66.6%) candidates were employed in full-time academic practice (1 DR candidate remained in a fellowship and was not evaluated regarding employment status). Fifteen of 20 (75%) RO candidates were in faculty positions compared with 7 of 13 (53.8%) DR trainees. Additional academic productivity metrics are reported. Conclusions: A high percentage of HRP trainees remained in academic practice and demonstrated significant academic productivity as measured by manuscript authorship and research support. Additional time and observation will be needed to determine whether these findings will be sustained by past, current

  4. The American Board of Radiology Holman Research Pathway: 10-Year Retrospective Review of the Program and Participant Performance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wallner, Paul E., E-mail: pwallner@theabr.org [21st Century Oncology, LLC, Fort Myers, Florida, and American Board of Radiology, Tucson, Arizona (United States); Ang, K. Kian [University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Zietman, Anthony L. [Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Harris, Jay R. [Harvard Medical School and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Ibbott, Geoffrey S. [University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Mahoney, Mary C. [University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio (United States); Mezwa, Duane G. [Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, Royal Oaks, Michigan (United States); Wilson, Lynn D. [Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Becker, Gary J. [American Board of Radiology, Tucson, Arizona (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: In 1999, the American Board of Radiology (ABR) implemented an innovative training program track in diagnostic radiology (DR) and radiation oncology (RO) designed to stimulate development of a cadre of future academic researchers and educators in the 2 disciplines. The program was designated the Holman Research Pathway (HRP). An in-depth retrospective review of initial certification examination performance, post-training career choices, and academic productivity has not been written. This report represents a 10-year retrospective review of post-training performance of a cohort of trainees who have had sufficient time to complete their training and initial certification process and to enter practice. Methods and Materials: All pertinent proceedings of the ABR and Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Residency Review Committees for DR and RO between 1997 and May 2011 were reviewed. Thirty-four HRP candidates who fulfilled the established evaluation criteria were identified, and their ABR data files were analyzed regarding performance on the qualifying and certifying examinations. All candidates were contacted directly to obtain a current curriculum vitae. Results: Twenty candidates in RO and 14 candidates in DR were identifiable for review. All candidates attained initial certification. At the time of analysis, 23 of 33 (66.6%) candidates were employed in full-time academic practice (1 DR candidate remained in a fellowship and was not evaluated regarding employment status). Fifteen of 20 (75%) RO candidates were in faculty positions compared with 7 of 13 (53.8%) DR trainees. Additional academic productivity metrics are reported. Conclusions: A high percentage of HRP trainees remained in academic practice and demonstrated significant academic productivity as measured by manuscript authorship and research support. Additional time and observation will be needed to determine whether these findings will be sustained by past, current

  5. Strong managers, weak boards?

    OpenAIRE

    Renee B. Adams; Ferreira, Daniel

    2009-01-01

    Many governance reform proposals are based on the view that boards have been too friendly to executives, for example, by awarding them excessive pay. Although boards are often on friendly terms with executives, it is less clear that they have systematically failed to function in the interests of shareholders. Understanding board monitoring requires a theory of boards that takes into account how firms provide incentives for their Chief Executive Officer's (CEOs) through other means. We develop...

  6. REVIEW OF PHASE BASED IMAGE MATCHING

    OpenAIRE

    Jaydeep Kale*

    2016-01-01

    This paper review the phase based image matching method. A major approach for image matching is to extract feature vectors corresponding to given images and perform image matching based on some distance metrics. One of the difficult problem with this feature based image matching is that matching performance depends upon many parameters in feature extraction process. So this paper reviews the phase based image matching methods in which 2D DFTs of given images are used to determine resemblance ...

  7. Decision U99113 - Proceeding No. 990277: Board review of the Independent Assessment Team's report of power purchase arrangements and other determinations. Phase two

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On July 9, 1999, pursuant to section 45.9(1)(b) of the Electric Utilities Act, the Independent Assessment Team (IAT) filed for approval with the Alberta Energy and Utilities Board (EUA/the Board) a report setting out its determinations on deregulation of electricity generation in Alberta. Included in the report were copies of the Power Purchase Arrangements (PPAs) for Regulated Generating Units listed in part 1 of the Schedule in the EUA. In filing its report, the IAT also advised the Board that, because of time pressures, the report might contain errors that would have to be corrected. The report did not include the Hydro PPA, which was subsequently filed on August 10,1999. Upon receipt of the IAT's filing, the Board reviewed its legislative authority under section 45.91 of the EUA and concluded that the section lends itself to the consideration of two questions, and, as a result, the Board developed a two phase approach to dealing with a request for variance. In phase 1, the Board would address the question of whether it should have had a variance hearing for the power purchase arrangements or other determinations made by the IAT. The Board considered that at this stage an applicant would need to satisfy the Board that there was a concern about the PPAs of sufficient importance that to require a formal process of review. If the first question was answered affirmatively, then in phase 2 the Board would address the second question of whether it should vary the power purchase arrangements and other determinations made by the ITA. Having regard to the evidence and argument presented and considered and having regard to its own knowledge and findings therein, the Board was not satisfied by those parties making the requests that the ITA did not carry out its duties in accordance with the EUA or that the PPAs and relevant determinations of the ITA are obviously unreasonable, and are not supported adequately by economic analysis, or are not in the public interest. The

  8. Thought-based row-column scanning communication board for individuals with cerebral palsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scherer, Reinhold; Billinger, Martin; Wagner, Johanna; Schwarz, Andreas; Hettich, Dirk Tassilo; Bolinger, Elaina; Lloria Garcia, Mariano; Navarro, Juan; Müller-Putz, Gernot

    2015-02-01

    Impairment of an individual's ability to communicate is a major hurdle for active participation in education and social life. A lot of individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) have normal intelligence, however, due to their inability to communicate, they fall behind. Non-invasive electroencephalogram (EEG) based brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) have been proposed as potential assistive devices for individuals with CP. BCIs translate brain signals directly into action. Motor activity is no longer required. However, translation of EEG signals may be unreliable and requires months of training. Moreover, individuals with CP may exhibit high levels of spontaneous and uncontrolled movement, which has a large impact on EEG signal quality and results in incorrect translations. We introduce a novel thought-based row-column scanning communication board that was developed following user-centered design principles. Key features include an automatic online artifact reduction method and an evidence accumulation procedure for decision making. The latter allows robust decision making with unreliable BCI input. Fourteen users with CP participated in a supporting online study and helped to evaluate the performance of the developed system. Users were asked to select target items with the row-column scanning communication board. The results suggest that seven among eleven remaining users performed better than chance and were consequently able to communicate by using the developed system. Three users were excluded because of insufficient EEG signal quality. These results are very encouraging and represent a good foundation for the development of real-world BCI-based communication devices for users with CP. PMID:25661447

  9. 78 FR 69426 - Submission for OMB Review; 30-Day Comment Request: NIH NCI Central Institutional Review Board...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-19

    ... review. The benefits to the National Clinical Trials Network and Experimental Therapy-Clinical Trials... for Participants 25 1 2 50 Treatment Studies. NCI Adult/Pediatric CIRB Application for Participants 10... National Cancer Institute (NCI), National Institutes of Health, may not conduct or sponsor, and...

  10. Wavelet based edge detection algorithm for web surface inspection of coated board web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barjaktarovic, M.; Petricevic, S.

    2010-07-01

    This paper presents significant improvement of the already installed vision system. System was designed for real time coated board inspection. The improvement is achieved with development of a new algorithm for edge detection. The algorithm is based on the redundant (undecimated) wavelet transform. Compared to the existing algorithm better delineation of edges is achieved. This yields to better defect detection probability and more accurate geometrical classification, which will provide additional reduction of waste. Also, algorithm will provide detailed classification and more reliably tracking of defects. This improvement requires minimal changes in processing hardware, only a replacement of the graphic card would be needed, adding only negligibly to the system cost. Other changes are accomplished entirely in the image processing software.

  11. Wavelet based edge detection algorithm for web surface inspection of coated board web

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents significant improvement of the already installed vision system. System was designed for real time coated board inspection. The improvement is achieved with development of a new algorithm for edge detection. The algorithm is based on the redundant (undecimated) wavelet transform. Compared to the existing algorithm better delineation of edges is achieved. This yields to better defect detection probability and more accurate geometrical classification, which will provide additional reduction of waste. Also, algorithm will provide detailed classification and more reliably tracking of defects. This improvement requires minimal changes in processing hardware, only a replacement of the graphic card would be needed, adding only negligibly to the system cost. Other changes are accomplished entirely in the image processing software.

  12. 75 FR 69985 - Notice is Given of the Names of Members of a Performance Review Board for the Department of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-16

    ... Development; 12. Mr. Sciabica, Executive Director, Air Force Research Laboratory; 13. Ms. Puckett, Director... Department of the Air Force Notice is Given of the Names of Members of a Performance Review Board for the Department of the Air Force AGENCY: Department of the Air Force. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: Notice is given...

  13. The case for establishing a board of review for resolving environmental issues: The science court in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giesy, John P; Solomon, Keith R; Kacew, Sam; Mackay, Donald; Stobo, Gerald; Kennedy, Steven

    2016-07-01

    Technology and scientific advancements are accelerating changes in society at a pace that is challenging the abilities of government regulatory agencies and legal courts to understand the benefits and costs of these changes to humans, wildlife, and their environments. The social, economic, and political facets of concern, such as the potential effects of chemicals, complicate the preparation of regulatory standards and practices intended to safeguard the public. Court judges and attorneys and, in some cases, lay juries are tasked with interpreting the data and implications underlying these new advancements, often without the technical background necessary to understand complex subjects and subsequently make informed decisions. Here, we describe the scientific-quasi-judicial process adopted in Canada under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999, which could serve as a model for resolving conflicts between regulatory agencies and the regulated community. An example and process and lessons learned from the first Board of Review, which was for decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5; CAS# 541-02-06), are provided. Notable among these lessons are: 1) the need to apply state-of-the-science insights into the regulatory process, 2) to encourage agencies to continuously review and update their assessment processes, criteria, and models, and 3) provide these processes in guidance documents that are transparent and available to all stakeholders and generally foster closer cooperation between regulators, the academic community, industry, and nongovernment organizations (NGOs). Integr Environ Assess Manag 2016;12:572-579. © 2015 SETAC. PMID:26460810

  14. Systematic review of the role of a belly board device in radiotherapy delivery in patients with pelvic malignancies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: This review analyses the literature concerning the influence of the patient position (supine, prone and prone on a belly board device (BB) on the irradiated small-bowel-volume (SB-V)) and the resulting morbidity of radiation therapy (RT) in pelvic malignancies. Methods: A literature search was performed in MEDLINE, web of science and Scopus. Results: Forty-six full papers were found, of which 33 met the eligibility criteria. Fifteen articles focussed on the irradiated SB-V using dose volume histograms (DVHs). Twenty-seven articles studied the patient setup in different patient positions. This review showed that a prone treatment position can result in a lower irradiated SB-V as compared to a supine position, but a more significant reduction of the SB-V can be reached by the additional use of a BB in prone position, for both 3D-CRT and IMRT treatment plans. This reduction of the irradiated SB-V might result in a reduced GI-morbidity. The patient position did not influence the required PTV margins for prostate and rectum. Conclusions: The irradiated SB-V can be maximally reduced by the use of a prone treatment position combined with a BB for both 3D-CRT and IMRT, which might individually result in a reduction of GI-morbidity.

  15. Board game versus lecture-based seminar in the teaching of pharmacology of antimicrobial drugs--a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karbownik, Michał S; Wiktorowska-Owczarek, Anna; Kowalczyk, Edward; Kwarta, Paulina; Mokros, Łukasz; Pietras, Tadeusz

    2016-04-01

    The effectiveness of an educational board game developed to teach the pharmacology of antimicrobial drugs to medical students was compared with the lecture-based seminar as a supplemental tool to improve short- and long-term knowledge retention and the perception of the learning method by students. A group of 124 students was randomized to board game and control groups. Short-term knowledge retention was assessed by comparing differences in post- and pre-tests scores, and long-term knowledge retention by comparing final examination scores. Both didactic methods seem to improve short-term knowledge retention to similar extent. Long-term knowledge retention of board game seminar participants was higher than those who attended the lecture-based seminar (ANCOVA, P = 0.035). The effect was most pronounced within 14 days after the intervention (ANOVA, P = 0.007). The board game was well perceived by the students. The board game seems to be a promising didactic tool, however, it should be further tested to assess its full educational utility. PMID:26912120

  16. Research of Board-Level BIT Technology Based on Boundary-Scan Architecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付瑞平; 程红; 贺益辉

    2001-01-01

    The boundary-scan architecture and its basic principle of board-level built-in test(BIT) technology are presented. A design for board-level built-in test and the method to implement test tool are brought forward.

  17. Advisory Boards and Boards of Directors. ARCH Factsheet Number 24.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKinney, Sue; Smith, Nancy

    This fact sheet reviews the role of advisory boards and boards of directors in the context of crisis nursery and respite care programs for families with special needs members. Typical responsibilities of advisory boards are listed, including program creation and planning, development of program policy, planning and implementing public relations,…

  18. Board-invited review: Estrogen and progesterone signaling: genomic and nongenomic actions in domestic ruminants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stormshak, F; Bishop, C V

    2008-02-01

    Progesterone and estrogens play key roles in regulating various physiological phenomena related to normal growth, development, and reproduction of domestic animals. This review focuses on the mechanisms by which progesterone and estrogens regulate the reproductive processes in these animals. The majority of research on the actions of progesterone and estrogens on the reproductive systems of cattle, sheep, and pigs has been genomic in nature and represents attempts to better understand how these steroids regulate gene expression. Results of recent research suggest that progesterone and estrogens can alter target cell responses nongenomically via membrane receptors. The characteristics of membrane receptors for progesterone and estrogen in various cell types are described and the intracellular signal pathways defined. Estrogens acting via membrane receptors can suppress LH secretion by gonadotropes and stimulate rapid increases in uterine blood flow. Progesterone acting via a membrane receptor has been shown to inhibit binding of oxytocin to oxytocin receptors in isolated endometrial plasma membranes and stimulate capacitation of spermatozoa. Results of research suggest that progesterone and estrogens can act nongenomically to alter target cell responses in domestic animals. The biological implications of this mode of action in these animals are discussed. PMID:17965328

  19. On-Board Event-Based State Estimation for Trajectory Approaching and Tracking of a Vehicle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Martínez-Rey

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available For the problem of pose estimation of an autonomous vehicle using networked external sensors, the processing capacity and battery consumption of these sensors, as well as the communication channel load should be optimized. Here, we report an event-based state estimator (EBSE consisting of an unscented Kalman filter that uses a triggering mechanism based on the estimation error covariance matrix to request measurements from the external sensors. This EBSE generates the events of the estimator module on-board the vehicle and, thus, allows the sensors to remain in stand-by mode until an event is generated. The proposed algorithm requests a measurement every time the estimation distance root mean squared error (DRMS value, obtained from the estimator’s covariance matrix, exceeds a threshold value. This triggering threshold can be adapted to the vehicle’s working conditions rendering the estimator even more efficient. An example of the use of the proposed EBSE is given, where the autonomous vehicle must approach and follow a reference trajectory. By making the threshold a function of the distance to the reference location, the estimator can halve the use of the sensors with a negligible deterioration in the performance of the approaching maneuver.

  20. On-Board Event-Based State Estimation for Trajectory Approaching and Tracking of a Vehicle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Rey, Miguel; Espinosa, Felipe; Gardel, Alfredo; Santos, Carlos

    2015-01-01

    For the problem of pose estimation of an autonomous vehicle using networked external sensors, the processing capacity and battery consumption of these sensors, as well as the communication channel load should be optimized. Here, we report an event-based state estimator (EBSE) consisting of an unscented Kalman filter that uses a triggering mechanism based on the estimation error covariance matrix to request measurements from the external sensors. This EBSE generates the events of the estimator module on-board the vehicle and, thus, allows the sensors to remain in stand-by mode until an event is generated. The proposed algorithm requests a measurement every time the estimation distance root mean squared error (DRMS) value, obtained from the estimator's covariance matrix, exceeds a threshold value. This triggering threshold can be adapted to the vehicle's working conditions rendering the estimator even more efficient. An example of the use of the proposed EBSE is given, where the autonomous vehicle must approach and follow a reference trajectory. By making the threshold a function of the distance to the reference location, the estimator can halve the use of the sensors with a negligible deterioration in the performance of the approaching maneuver. PMID:26102489

  1. A New Ethical Challenge for Institutional Review Boards (IRBs/Ethics Committees (ECs in the Assessment of Pediatric Clinical Trials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klaus Rose

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Both the US and EU have introduced pediatric pharmaceutical legislation to facilitate clinical trials in children and development of better medicines for children. The first concerns were published in 2014 that the European Medicines Agency (EMA’s Pediatric Committee (PDCO may be over-enthusiastic and has compelled questionable pediatric clinical trials from pharmaceutical companies. Numerous clinical trials are mandated in rare conditions for which not enough patients exist for even one trial. Furthermore, where these trials are mandated in adolescent patients, the legal age limit of the 18th birthday is confused with a medical age limit and can result in separate clinical trials in adolescent patients that neither make medical nor scientific sense nor will ever recruit enough patients for a meaningful outcome. To confirm our concerns we searched the registry clinicaltrials.gov and found examples for PDCO-triggered unethical trials. We conclude that such trials should not be accepted by institutional review boards (IRBs/ethics committees (ECs and that clinical trials resulting from negotiations with EMA’s PDCO need extra careful scrutiny by IRBs/ECs in order to prevent unethical studies and damage to pediatric research and unnecessary risks to pediatric patients.

  2. Animal board invited review: genetic possibilities to reduce enteric methane emissions from ruminants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pickering, N K; Oddy, V H; Basarab, J; Cammack, K; Hayes, B; Hegarty, R S; Lassen, J; McEwan, J C; Miller, S; Pinares-Patiño, C S; de Haas, Y

    2015-09-01

    Measuring and mitigating methane (CH4) emissions from livestock is of increasing importance for the environment and for policy making. Potentially, the most sustainable way of reducing enteric CH4 emission from ruminants is through the estimation of genomic breeding values to facilitate genetic selection. There is potential for adopting genetic selection and in the future genomic selection, for reduced CH4 emissions from ruminants. From this review it has been observed that both CH4 emissions and production (g/day) are a heritable and repeatable trait. CH4 emissions are strongly related to feed intake both in the short term (minutes to several hours) and over the medium term (days). When measured over the medium term, CH4 yield (MY, g CH4/kg dry matter intake) is a heritable and repeatable trait albeit with less genetic variation than for CH4 emissions. CH4 emissions of individual animals are moderately repeatable across diets, and across feeding levels, when measured in respiration chambers. Repeatability is lower when short term measurements are used, possibly due to variation in time and amount of feed ingested prior to the measurement. However, while repeated measurements add value; it is preferable the measures be separated by at least 3 to 14 days. This temporal separation of measurements needs to be investigated further. Given the above issue can be resolved, short term (over minutes to hours) measurements of CH4 emissions show promise, especially on systems where animals are fed ad libitum and frequency of meals is high. However, we believe that for short-term measurements to be useful for genetic evaluation, a number (between 3 and 20) of measurements will be required over an extended period of time (weeks to months). There are opportunities for using short-term measurements in standardised feeding situations such as breath 'sniffers' attached to milking parlours or total mixed ration feeding bins, to measure CH4. Genomic selection has the potential to

  3. A single-board NMR spectrometer based on a software defined radio architecture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A single-board software defined radio (SDR) spectrometer for nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is presented. The SDR-based architecture, realized by combining a single field programmable gate array (FPGA) and a digital signal processor (DSP) with peripheral radio frequency (RF) front-end circuits, makes the spectrometer compact and reconfigurable. The DSP, working as a pulse programmer, communicates with a personal computer via a USB interface and controls the FPGA through a parallel port. The FPGA accomplishes digital processing tasks such as a numerically controlled oscillator (NCO), digital down converter (DDC) and gradient waveform generator. The NCO, with agile control of phase, frequency and amplitude, is part of a direct digital synthesizer that is used to generate an RF pulse. The DDC performs quadrature demodulation, multistage low-pass filtering and gain adjustment to produce a bandpass signal (receiver bandwidth from 3.9 kHz to 10 MHz). The gradient waveform generator is capable of outputting shaped gradient pulse waveforms and supports eddy-current compensation. The spectrometer directly acquires an NMR signal up to 30 MHz in the case of baseband sampling and is suitable for low-field (<0.7 T) application. Due to the featured SDR architecture, this prototype has flexible add-on ability and is expected to be suitable for portable NMR systems

  4. FPGA-based data processing module design of on-board radiometric calibration in visible/near infrared bands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Guoqing; Li, Chenyang; Yue, Tao; Liu, Na; Jiang, Linjun; Sun, Yue; Li, Mingyan

    2015-12-01

    FPGA technology has long been applied to on-board radiometric calibration data processing however the integration of FPGA program is not good enough. For example, some sensors compressed remote sensing images and transferred to ground station to calculate the calibration coefficients. It will affect the timeliness of on-board radiometric calibration. This paper designs an integrated flow chart of on-board radiometric calibration. Building FPGA-based radiometric calibration data processing modules uses system generator. Thesis focuses on analyzing the calculation accuracy of FPGA-based two-point method and verifies the feasibility of this method. Calibration data was acquired by hardware platform which was built using integrating sphere, CMOS camera (canon 60d), ASD spectrometers and light filter (center wavelength: 690nm, bandwidth: 45nm). The platform can simulate single-band on-board radiometric calibration data acquisition in visible/near infrared band. Making an experiment of calibration coefficients calculation uses obtained data and FPGA modules. Experimental results show that: the camera linearity is above 99% meeting the experimental requirement. Compares with MATLAB the calculation accuracy of two-point method by FPGA are as follows: the error of gain value is 0.0053%; the error of offset value is 0.00038719%. Those results meet experimental accuracy requirement.

  5. The board: a change agent?

    OpenAIRE

    Kolltveit, Bjørn; Hennestad, Bjørn; Grønhaug, Kjell

    2012-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide insight into why shareholders often claim dissatisfaction with the results delivered by their boards. A central reason is that boards fail to get their critical decisions effectively implemented. The paper also focuses on whether boards apply essentials developed in the change management discipline. Design/methodology/approach – The research is based on a study of board documents to capture what boards actually do. The documents...

  6. Reasons for decision in the matter of review of the applications for gas export licences from Brooklyn Navy Yard Cogeneration Partners, L.P., Husky Oil Operations Ltd., ProGas Limited, Shell Canada Ltd., Western Gas Marketing Limited application dated 7 March 1994 from Rocky Mountain Ecosystem Coalition for a review of GH-5-93 decision made by the National Energy Board in February 1994

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In February 1994, the National Energy Board of Canada granted 16 licenses to five companies for the export of natural gas to various power plants and gas distribution companies in the United States. In response to a submission from the Rocky Mountain Ecosystem Coalition, the Board requested submissions from those companies as part of a review of its Feburary 1994 decision. The Coalition claimed that the Board should have considered upstream environmental effects of the gas exports in its decisions; this claim was based on a Canadian Supreme Court decision of 24 February 1994 which required Hydro-Quebec to conduct environmental impact assessments related to electricity exports. The Board accordingly asked the five exporting companies to address the following questions in their submissions: the correctness of Board decisions considering environmental and directly-related social effects of the proposals in respect of the scope of its obligations under federal guidelines; whether evidence submitted by the applicants would allow the Board to meet its obligations under those guidelines; and whether there is any other evidence necessary to allow the Board to meet its obligations. A summary of the submissions and the views of the Board are presented. The applicability of the Supreme Court Hydro-Quebec decision to gas exports is discussed. The Board found that the decision was only applicable if there is a necessary connection between the upstream facilities and the proposal to export gas. The Board found that only the application from Shell Canada had this connection, and thus will require Shell to provide sufficient information concerning environmental and directly-related social effects relating to its proposal

  7. Reviewing the Relationship between Institutional Ownership and Outside Members of Board of Directors, and Liquidity of Common Stocks of Companies Quoted in Tehran Stock Exchange

    OpenAIRE

    Esmaeel Farzaneh Kargar; Eesa Zarei

    2014-01-01

    Since some investors may need their investing financial sources immediately, in every financial market, the level of assets liquidity is considered as a basic issue in investment. By considering the effect of liquidity in discovering the assets` prices, distributing the financial risk, decreasing the costs of transactions, and determining the factors which affect it, is very important. This research reviews the effect of outside members of board of directors and institutional ownership, as th...

  8. Single-board computer based control system for a portable Raman device with integrated chemical identification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mobley, Joel; Cullum, Brian M.; Wintenberg, Alan L.; Shane Frank, S.; Maples, Robert A.; Stokes, David L.; Vo-Dinh, Tuan

    2004-06-01

    We report the development of a battery-powered portable chemical identification device for field use consisting of an acousto-optic tunable filter (AOTF)-based Raman spectrometer with integrated data processing and analysis software. The various components and custom circuitry are integrated into a self-contained instrument by control software that runs on an embedded single-board computer (SBC), which communicates with the various instrument modules through a 48-line bidirectional TTL bus. The user interacts with the instrument via a touch-sensitive liquid crystal display unit (LCD) that provides soft buttons for user control as well as visual feedback (e.g., spectral plots, stored data, instrument settings, etc.) from the instrument. The control software manages all operational aspects of the instrument with the exception of the power management module that is run by embedded firmware. The SBC-based software includes both automated and manual library searching capabilities, permitting rapid identification of samples in the field. The use of the SBC in tandem with the LCD touchscreen for interfacing and control provides the instrument with a great deal of flexibility as its function can be customized to specific users or tasks via software modifications alone. The instrument, as currently configured, can be operated as a research-grade Raman spectrometer for scientific applications and as a "black-box" chemical identification system for field use. The instrument can acquire 198-point spectra over a spectral range of 238-1620 cm-1, perform a library search, and display the results in less than 14 s. The operating modes of the instrument are demonstrated illustrating the utility and flexibility afforded the system by the SBC-LCD control module.

  9. A Closer Look at the Recommended Criteria for Disclosing Genetic Results: Perspectives of Medical Genetic Specialists, Genomic Researchers, and Institutional Review Board Chairs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandt, Debra S.; Shinkunas, Laura; Hillis, Stephen L.; Daack-Hirsch, Sandra E.; Driessnack, Martha; Downing, Nancy R.; Liu, Megan F.; Shah, Lisa L.; Williams, Janet K.; Simon, Christian M.

    2013-01-01

    Next generation sequencing offers benefit of improved health through knowledge, but comes with challenges, such as inevitable incidental findings (IFs). The applicability of recommended criteria for disclosure of individual results when applied to disclosure of IFs is not well known. The purpose of this study was to examine how medical genetic specialists, genomic researchers, and Institutional Review Board (IRB) chairs perceive the importance of recommended criteria when applied to genetic/genomic IFs. We conducted telephone interviews with medical genetic specialists (genetic counselors, genetic nurses, medical geneticists, laboratory professionals), genomic researchers, and IRB chairs (N=103). Respondents rated and discussed the importance of nine recommended criteria regarding disclosure of genetic/genomic IFs. Stakeholders agreed the most important criteria for disclosure were: (1) the IF points to a life-threatening condition; (2) there is a treatment; (3) individuals indicate in writing they wanted to be informed of IFs. Criteria rated less important were: analytic validity, high penetrance, association with a young age of onset and relative risk more than 2.0. Respondents indicated that some technical criteria were confusing, and in need of context. Our findings suggest that development of guidelines regarding management of IF include multiple stakeholders' perspectives and be based on a common language. PMID:23547023

  10. Energy management systems on board of electric vehicles, based on power electronics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guidi, Giuseppe

    2009-03-15

    The core of any electric vehicle (EV) is the electric drive train, intended as the energy conversion chain from the energy tank (typically some kind of rechargeable battery) to the electric motor that converts the electrical energy into the mechanical energy needed for the vehicle motion. The need for on-board electrical energy storage is the factor that has so far prevented pure electric vehicles from conquering significant market share. In fact electrochemical batteries, which are currently the most suitable device for electrical energy storage, have serious limitations in terms of energy and/or power density, cost and safety. All those characteristics reflect in pure electric vehicles being outperformed by standard internal combustion engine (ICE) based vehicles in terms of driving range, time needed to refuel and purchase cost. Electric vehicles do have their distinctive advantages, being intrinsically much more efficient, operating at zero emissions at the pipe, and offering a higher degree of controllability that can potentially enhance driving safety. No wonder then, that electric energy storage technology has attracted considerable R&D investments, resulting in new traction battery packs that are getting closer and closer to the industrial targets. In this scenario of EV technology gaining momentum, power electronics engineers have to come up with newer solutions allowing for more efficient and more reliable utilization of the precious on-board energy that comes in a form that cannot be directly utilized by the motor. At present, most of the research in the area of power electronics for automotive is focused in volume and cost reduction techniques. The increase in power density is pursued by developing components that can be operated at higher temperature, thus relieving the requirements on cooling. In this thesis, the focus is on the development of alternative topologies for the power electronics converters that make use of some peculiarities of the energy

  11. CONTENT BASED IMAGE RETRIEVAL : A REVIEW

    OpenAIRE

    Shereena V.B; Julie M.David

    2014-01-01

    In a content-based image retrieval system (CBIR), the main issue is to extract the image features that effectively represent the image contents in a database. Such an extraction requires a detailed evaluation of retrieval performance of image features. This paper presents a review of fundamental aspects of content based image retrieval including feature extraction of color and texture features. Commonly used color features including color moments, color histogram and color corr...

  12. An Integer Programming-Based Generalized Vehicle Routing Approach for Printed Circuit Board Assembly Optimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seth, Anupam

    2009-01-01

    Production planning and scheduling for printed circuit, board assembly has so far defied standard operations research approaches due to the size and complexity of the underlying problems, resulting in unexploited automation flexibility. In this thesis, the increasingly popular collect-and-place machine configuration is studied and the assembly…

  13. Evaluation of on-board kV cone beam CT (CBCT)-based dose calculation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yong; Schreibmann, Eduard; Li, Tianfang; Wang, Chuang; Xing, Lei

    2007-02-01

    On-board CBCT images are used to generate patient geometric models to assist patient setup. The image data can also, potentially, be used for dose reconstruction in combination with the fluence maps from treatment plan. Here we evaluate the achievable accuracy in using a kV CBCT for dose calculation. Relative electron density as a function of HU was obtained for both planning CT (pCT) and CBCT using a Catphan-600 calibration phantom. The CBCT calibration stability was monitored weekly for 8 consecutive weeks. A clinical treatment planning system was employed for pCT- and CBCT-based dose calculations and subsequent comparisons. Phantom and patient studies were carried out. In the former study, both Catphan-600 and pelvic phantoms were employed to evaluate the dosimetric performance of the full-fan and half-fan scanning modes. To evaluate the dosimetric influence of motion artefacts commonly seen in CBCT images, the Catphan-600 phantom was scanned with and without cyclic motion using the pCT and CBCT scanners. The doses computed based on the four sets of CT images (pCT and CBCT with/without motion) were compared quantitatively. The patient studies included a lung case and three prostate cases. The lung case was employed to further assess the adverse effect of intra-scan organ motion. Unlike the phantom study, the pCT of a patient is generally acquired at the time of simulation and the anatomy may be different from that of CBCT acquired at the time of treatment delivery because of organ deformation. To tackle the problem, we introduced a set of modified CBCT images (mCBCT) for each patient, which possesses the geometric information of the CBCT but the electronic density distribution mapped from the pCT with the help of a BSpline deformable image registration software. In the patient study, the dose computed with the mCBCT was used as a surrogate of the 'ground truth'. We found that the CBCT electron density calibration curve differs moderately from that of pCT. No

  14. Review of graphene-based strain sensors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Jing; Zhang Guang-Yu; Shi Dong-Xia

    2013-01-01

    In this paper,we review various types of graphene-based strain sensors.Graphene is a monolayer of carbon atoms,which exhibits prominent electrical and mechanical properties and can be a good candidate in compact strain sensor applications.However,a perfect graphene is robust and has a low piezoresistive sensitivity.So scientists have been driven to increase the sensitivity using different kinds of methods since the first graphene-based strain sensor was reported.We give a comprehensive review of graphene-based strain sensors with different structures and mechanisms.It is obvious that graphene offers some advantages and has potential for the strain sensor application in the near future.

  15. A Two Layers Novel Low-Cost and Optimized Embedded Board Based on TMS320C6713 DSP and Spartan-3 FPGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahram Rashidi

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the design and implementation of a new low-cost and minimum embedded board based on TMS320C6713 (PYP 208-PIN (PQFP DSP and Spartan-3 (XCS400-4PQG208C FPGA in two layers with mount elements on two sides of the board. The proposed embedded board was developed satisfactorily for different applications such as data acquisition of sensor’s with serial port, control units, finite state machines, signal processing algorithms, navigation computing, Kalman filtering etc. Goal of the design was to implement as many as possible low-cost and minimum sizes of the board, also to receive input signals in a short time period and as real time. The board features are include: mount elements in two side of the board for minimization of the proposed board and also placed decoupling capacitors (by pass for the DSP and FPGA in bottom layer of board strictly below these two ICs because should be placed as close as possible to the power supply pins DSP and FPGA, GND polygon layer is used in total top layer and microcomputer ground for DSP & FPGA in bottom layer, use FPGA for two aim ones for implementation of glue logic total of board and interface between serial connectors, use three RS-232 serial port, one RS-422, and SPI serial port on FPGA, use MT48LC16M16A SDRAM-256MB(4*4MB*16, Am29LV400B Flash memory 4 Megabit (512 K x 8-Bit/256 K x 16-Bit and XCF02S configuration PROM. The size of the proposed embedded board is 11.1cm*17. 7cm so this board is optimized of aspect cost, performance, power, weight, and size.

  16. Areva - Press release from the Supervisory Board

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During its meeting held on December 12, 2011, devoted in particular to the examination of the 2011 closing estimates, the AREVA Executive Board indicated that it expected to book a provision of 1.46 billion euros (2.025 billion US dollars) in the company's accounts for fiscal year 2011 for impairment of assets for the reporting entity UraMin, a mining company acquired by AREVA in 2007, which, given the provision booked in 2010 (426 million euros), brings the value of these assets on the AREVA balance sheet down to 410 million euros. Given the size of these provisions, the Supervisory Board decided to make three of its members, meeting as an ad hoc committee, in charge of analyzing the terms of acquisition of this company, as well as the key decisions made in this reporting entity up to 2011 and, based on the outcome of these analyses, to recommend to it any appropriate measures in AREVA's interest. This committee reported on its work during the Supervisory Board meeting held on February 14, 2012. In light of this report, the Supervisory Board found that the fairness and reliability of the financial statements of previous years were not in question. Nevertheless, considering the malfunctions raised, the Board considers it appropriate to thoroughly review AREVA's governance in order to ensure that decisions concerning large acquisitions or investments be reviewed and validated in the future under conditions ensuring better legal and financial security and enabling a more transparent dialogue between management and the Supervisory Board. It thus asked the Executive Board to recommend, at the next General Meeting of Shareholders, that the by-laws of the company be modified to make the Supervisory Board's prior approval of investments, stake acquisitions and acquisitions mandatory above a threshold of 20 million euros. It also decided to set up a business ethics committee within the Supervisory Board responsible for ensuring that rules of conduct are properly applied

  17. Professional Standard "Board Member of the Business (Corporate Director)": Review of Opinions, State, Professional Associations and Educational Institutions' Attitudes

    OpenAIRE

    Balabolin, D.; Genkin, A.

    2015-01-01

    In the article, approaches of different managerial communities to standardization of the corporate director's profession are considered. Non-commercial partnership "Directorium" has initiated the elaboration of educational professional standard "Board Member of the Business Entity (Corporate Director)". Experience of interaction between "Directorium" and high schools on building a system of certification of independent directors revealed some problems: distribution of intellectual and other r...

  18. Board diversity in family firms

    OpenAIRE

    Menozzi, Anna; Fraquelli, Giovanni; Novara, Jolanda de

    2015-01-01

    The paper deals with diversity as a key factor to improve the board of directors’ decision process in family firms. The empirical literature about board diversity points at the positive impact of diversity on board functioning and firm performance. The paper uses a statistical diversity index to capture the heterogeneity of board of directors and put it in relation with firm performance, as measured by firm profitability. The empirical analysis is based on a newly collected panel of 327 famil...

  19. 77 FR 476 - Science Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-05

    ... be reviewed prior to the meeting date. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Science Advisory Board (SAB... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Science Advisory Board AGENCY: Office of Oceanic...

  20. Hall-Effect Based Semi-Fast AC On-Board Charging Equipment for Electric Vehicles

    OpenAIRE

    Eva González-Romera; Enrique Romero-Cadaval; Javier Gallardo-Lozano; María Isabel Milanés-Montero

    2011-01-01

    The expected increase in the penetration of electric vehicles (EV) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) will produce unbalanced conditions, reactive power consumption and current harmonics drawn by the battery charging equipment, causing a great impact on the power quality of the future smart grid. A single-phase semi-fast electric vehicle battery charger is proposed in this paper. This ac on-board charging equipment can operate in grid-to-vehicle (G2V) mode, and also in vehicle-to-gri...

  1. How Does Board Composition Affect R&D Investments? : Quantitative Study Based on Swedish Listed Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Francis, Ojok; Samuel, Okema

    2016-01-01

    The purpose for this paper is to determine whether there is any direct connection between board composition and R&D investments of Swedish listed companies. A century ago, Sweden was among the poorest nations in Europe, yet today Sweden is 3rd among world leaders in innovation. Innovation is approximated as a good proxy measurement for R&D investments. R&D has been the primary source for innovation because of today’s nature of economies in which firms are challenged with competiti...

  2. Community ACTION Boards: An Innovative Model for Effective Community–Academic Research Partnerships

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Sherline; Arniella, Guedy; Bickell, Nina A.; Walker, Willie; Robinson, Virginia; Taylor, Barbara; Horowitz, Carol R.

    2012-01-01

    Background Community-based participatory research (CBPR) requires equitable partnerships between community stakeholders and academics. Traditionally, researchers relied on community advisory boards, but these boards often play a reactive role on a project-by-project basis. The East and Central Harlem Health Outcomes (ECHHO) Community Action Board (CAB), however, is an effective, proactive group. Objectives The ECHHO board sought to identify key strategies and tools to build and employ a partnership model, and to disseminate lessons learned to other community–academic partnerships. Methods Current and former board members were interviewed and a wide range of related documents was reviewed. Lessons Learned The board became effective when it prioritized action and relationship-building, across seven key domains: Shared priorities, diversity, participation, transparency, mutual respect and recognition, and personal connections. The model is depicted graphically. Conclusion Community advisory boards may benefit from attention to taking action, and to building relationships between academics and community members. PMID:22616207

  3. Decamp Clock Board Firmware

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Decamp (Dark Energy Survey Camera) is a new instrument designed to explore the universe aiming to reveal the nature of Dark Energy. The camera consists of 72 CCDs and 520 Mpixels. The readout electronics of DECam is based on the Monsoon system. Monsoon is a new image acquisition system developed by the NOAO (National Optical Astronomical Observatory) for the new generation of astronomical cameras. The Monsoon system uses three types of boards inserted in a Eurocard format based crate: master control board, acquisition board and clock board. The direct use of the Monsoon system for DECam readout electronics requires nine crates mainly due to the high number of clock boards needed. Unfortunately, the available space for DECam electronics is constrained to four crates at maximum. The major drawback to achieve such desired compaction degree resides in the clock board signal density. This document describes the changes performed at CIEMAT on the programmable logic of the Monsoon clock board aiming to meet such restricted space constraints. (Author) 5 refs

  4. Decamp Clock Board Firmware

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vicente, J. de; Castilla, J.; Martinez, G.

    2007-09-27

    Decamp (Dark Energy Survey Camera) is a new instrument designed to explore the universe aiming to reveal the nature of Dark Energy. The camera consists of 72 CCDs and 520 Mpixels. The readout electronics of DECam is based on the Monsoon system. Monsoon is a new image acquisition system developed by the NOAO (National Optical Astronomical Observatory) for the new generation of astronomical cameras. The Monsoon system uses three types of boards inserted in a Eurocard format based crate: master control board, acquisition board and clock board. The direct use of the Monsoon system for DECam readout electronics requires nine crates mainly due to the high number of clock boards needed. Unfortunately, the available space for DECam electronics is constrained to four crates at maximum. The major drawback to achieve such desired compaction degree resides in the clock board signal density. This document describes the changes performed at CIEMAT on the programmable logic of the Monsoon clock board aiming to meet such restricted space constraints. (Author) 5 refs.

  5. The Effect Of Distance Education Applications 
Based On Smart Board On Students’ Achievement 
And Skills In Pattern Preparation Techniques

    OpenAIRE

    CELIKOZ, Nadir; Fatma GURSOY,

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to find out the effect of distance education applications based on smart board in teaching pattern preparation techniques and its contribution to students’ achievement and skills. An experimental model with a pretest-posttest experimental and control group was used with 34 students who attended the department of Ready-Made Clothing Teacher Training Programme at Selcuk University in Turkey. As experiment group, distance education model by using the smart board was ...

  6. 21 CFR 13.30 - Proceedings of a Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... BEFORE A PUBLIC BOARD OF INQUIRY Hearing Procedures § 13.30 Proceedings of a Board. (a) The purpose of a Board is to review medical, scientific, and technical issues fairly and expeditiously. The proceedings of a Board are conducted as a scientific inquiry rather than a legal trial. (b) A Board may not...

  7. Network-based recommendation algorithms: A review

    CERN Document Server

    Yu, Fei; Gillard, Sebastien; Medo, Matus

    2015-01-01

    Recommender systems are a vital tool that helps us to overcome the information overload problem. They are being used by most e-commerce web sites and attract the interest of a broad scientific community. A recommender system uses data on users' past preferences to choose new items that might be appreciated by a given individual user. While many approaches to recommendation exist, the approach based on a network representation of the input data has gained considerable attention in the past. We review here a broad range of network-based recommendation algorithms and for the first time compare their performance on three distinct real datasets. We present recommendation topics that go beyond the mere question of which algorithm to use - such as the possible influence of recommendation on the evolution of systems that use it - and finally discuss open research directions and challenges.

  8. Network-based recommendation algorithms: A review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Fei; Zeng, An; Gillard, Sébastien; Medo, Matúš

    2016-06-01

    Recommender systems are a vital tool that helps us to overcome the information overload problem. They are being used by most e-commerce web sites and attract the interest of a broad scientific community. A recommender system uses data on users' past preferences to choose new items that might be appreciated by a given individual user. While many approaches to recommendation exist, the approach based on a network representation of the input data has gained considerable attention in the past. We review here a broad range of network-based recommendation algorithms and for the first time compare their performance on three distinct real datasets. We present recommendation topics that go beyond the mere question of which algorithm to use-such as the possible influence of recommendation on the evolution of systems that use it-and finally discuss open research directions and challenges.

  9. Raman-based microarray readout: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haisch, Christoph

    2016-07-01

    For a quarter of a century, microarrays have been part of the routine analytical toolbox. Label-based fluorescence detection is still the commonest optical readout strategy. Since the 1990s, a continuously increasing number of label-based as well as label-free experiments on Raman-based microarray readout concepts have been reported. This review summarizes the possible concepts and methods and their advantages and challenges. A common label-based strategy is based on the binding of selective receptors as well as Raman reporter molecules to plasmonic nanoparticles in a sandwich immunoassay, which results in surface-enhanced Raman scattering signals of the reporter molecule. Alternatively, capture of the analytes can be performed by receptors on a microarray surface. Addition of plasmonic nanoparticles again leads to a surface-enhanced Raman scattering signal, not of a label but directly of the analyte. This approach is mostly proposed for bacteria and cell detection. However, although many promising readout strategies have been discussed in numerous publications, rarely have any of them made the step from proof of concept to a practical application, let alone routine use. Graphical Abstract Possible realization of a SERS (Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering) system for microarray readout. PMID:26973235

  10. Event-Driven On-Board Software Using Priority-Based Communications Protocols

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fowell, S.; Ward, R.; Plummer, C.

    This paper describes current projects being performed by SciSys in the area of the use of software agents, built using CORBA middleware and SOIF communications protocols, to improve operations within autonomous satellite/ground systems. These concepts have been developed and demonstrated in a series of experiments variously funded by ESA's Technology Flight Opportunity Initiative (TFO) and Leading Edge Technology for SMEs (LET-SME), and the British National Space Centre's (BNSC) National Technology Programme. In [1] it is proposed that on-board software should evolve to one that uses an architecture of loosely -coupled software agents, integrated using minimum Real- Time CORBA ORBs such as the SciSys microORB. Building on that, this paper considers the requirements such an architecture and implementation place on the underlying communication protocols (software and hardware) and how these may be met by the emerging CCSDS SOIF recommendations. 2. TRENDS AND ISSUES 2.

  11. A transputer based on-board data handling system for small satellites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciecior, F.; Arens-Fischer, W.; Iglseder, H.; Backhus, E.; Rath, H. J.

    The on-board data handling system described in this paper is a concurrent real-time data processing system for small satellites. The system is modular; its functional units are strictly separated and implemented using autonomous, independent operating components. The system control software is modular, and its functional units are strictly separated and divided into a configuration layer, a communication layer, and an application layer, each of which is dynamically loaded by the underlying layer. The configuration layer translates the physical network topology into a logical one. The communication layer uses this information for automatic and transparent communication between processes running in parallel on different hardware modules. The application layer comprises an application process interface (API) and all application processes. The API performs file management, resource control, command processing, and communication control functions. This interface in combination with the two underlying software layers implements a simple satellite operating system.

  12. Identification of Organizational Factors Associated with IOC Employees Performance Based on Wise Board Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hassan Keshavarz Tork

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Organizations for surviving and thriving in a competitive world are forced to focus a major part of their efforts on processes and functions that play a major role in improving their performance. Therefore , this study purpose was the Identification of organizational factors that are related to National Olympic Committee staff organizational performance .The present study was correlation and applied as well as field research . The statistical population were the National Olympic Committee staff (N = 107 .The method of sampling was all consideration and from 107 questionnaires distributed, 93 questionnaires were usable. The data collection tool for understanding organizational factors and organizational performance were ODQ C.Preziosi (1980, and Young (2004 questionnaires, respectively. The organization recognizing questionnaire consisted of 7 dimensions: goals, structure, communication, rewards, leadership, mechanisms and trends for changing. Its validity was confirmed by a group of professors. The reliability of measuring instrument was obtained using Cronbach's alpha for the organization recognizing questionnaire (0.90 = α and for the performance questionnaire (0.78 = α . For the data analysis ,the Kolmogorov Smirnov , Pearson and multiple linear regression tests was used. Results showed that there was a significant relationship between organizational factors mentioned in the wise board model and organizational performance (0.736 = R, 26.054 = F, P <0.01. Also, the logistic regression analysis showed that useful mechanisms (0.232 = β, the tendency to change (0.231 = β, reward (0.215 = β, and the mechanisms of leading (0.214 = βwere significant predictors for the organizational performance (P <0.05.The results suggest that organizational factors noted in Wise board model play a decisive role in NOC employees organizational performance.

  13. GOVERNING BOARD OF THE PENSION FUND

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    The Governing Board met on 4 September in its first session since the summer break. On this occasion, the Board invited the two actuaries entrusted with the three-yearly actuarial review of the Fund, MP Actuaires SA (Geneva) and AON Consulting (Brussels), to present their results. Although the two studies were conducted independently and simultaneously, the Governing Board noted that the underlying methodology was remarkably similar in both cases. Both actuaries adopted a stochastic approach, both performed analyses based on the closed-fund method and on the open-fund method, and both made an evaluation of the risks for the appreciation of the Fund's financial position. This methodology produced consistent results which, while not always identical, are superimposable in terms of their order of magnitude. Under the closed-fund method, which involves assessing the Fund's financial situation as if it were closed on the date of calculation without any new members being admitted, both actuaries conclude that the s...

  14. RS-232 Led Board

    OpenAIRE

    Tskhvaradze, Vladimir

    2007-01-01

    This article demonstrates how to develop a Microchip PIC16F84 based device that supports RS-232 interface with PC. Circuit (LED Board) design and software development will be discussed. PicBasic Pro Compiler from microEngineering Labs, Inc. is used for PIC programming. Development of LED Board Control Console using C/C++ is also briefly discussed. The project requires basic work experience with Microchip PICs, serial communication and programming.

  15. Critical review of on-board capacity estimation techniques for lithium-ion batteries in electric and hybrid electric vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farmann, Alexander; Waag, Wladislaw; Marongiu, Andrea; Sauer, Dirk Uwe

    2015-05-01

    This work provides an overview of available methods and algorithms for on-board capacity estimation of lithium-ion batteries. An accurate state estimation for battery management systems in electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles is becoming more essential due to the increasing attention paid to safety and lifetime issues. Different approaches for the estimation of State-of-Charge, State-of-Health and State-of-Function are discussed and analyzed by many authors and researchers in the past. On-board estimation of capacity in large lithium-ion battery packs is definitely one of the most crucial challenges of battery monitoring in the aforementioned vehicles. This is mostly due to high dynamic operation and conditions far from those used in laboratory environments as well as the large variation in aging behavior of each cell in the battery pack. Accurate capacity estimation allows an accurate driving range prediction and accurate calculation of a battery's maximum energy storage capability in a vehicle. At the same time it acts as an indicator for battery State-of-Health and Remaining Useful Lifetime estimation.

  16. Crisis prevention: how to gear up your board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salmon, W J

    1993-01-01

    Today's critics of corporate boardrooms have plenty of ammunition. The two crucial responsibilities of boards-oversight of long-term company strategy and the selection, evaluation, and compensation of top management--were reduced to damage control during the 1980s. Walter Salmon, a longtime director, notes that while boards have improved since he began serving on them in 1961, they haven't kept pace with the need for real change. Based on over 30 years of boardroom experience, Salmon recommends against government reform of board practices. But he does prescribe a series of incremental changes as a remedy. To begin with, he suggests limiting the size of boards and increasing the number of outside directors on them. In fact, according to Salmon, only three insiders belong on a board: the CEO, the COO, and the CFO. Changing how committees function is also necessary for gearing up today's boards. The audit committee, for example, can periodically review "high-exposure areas" of a business, perhaps helping to prevent embarrassing drops in future profits. Compensation committees can structure incentive compensation for executives to emphasize long-term rather than short-term performance. And nominating committees should be responsible for finding new, independent directors--not the CEO. In general, boards as a whole must spot problems early and blow the whistle, exercising what Salmon calls, "constructive dissatisfaction." On a revitalized board, directors have enough confidence in the process to vigorously challenge one another, including the company's chief executive. PMID:10124148

  17. Evidence-based policymaking: A review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen Nortje

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The process of facilitating the uptake of evidence, for example, scientific research findings, into the policymaking process is multifaceted and thus complex. It is therefore important for scientists to understand this process in order to influence it more effectively. Similarly, policymakers need to understand the complexities of the scientific process to improve their interaction with the scientific sphere. This literature review addresses those factors that influence the uptake of scientific evidence into policymaking, the barriers to using science in policymaking, as well as recommendations for improved science–policymaking interaction. A visual diagram of the gears of a car is used to convey the message of the complexities around the engagement between science and policymaking. It is concluded that the issue of evidence-based policymaking remains unresolved and questions for future research on the science–policy interface are raised.

  18. Enzyme-based antifouling coatings: a review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Stefan Møller; Pedersen, Leif Toudal; Laursen, M.H.;

    2007-01-01

    A systematic overview is presented of the literature that reports the antifouling (AF) protection of underwater structures via the action of enzymes. The overall aim of this review is to assess the state of the art of enzymatic AF technology, and to highlight the obstacles that have to be overcome...... for successful development of enzymatic AF coatings. The approaches described in the literature are divided into direct and indirect enzymatic AF, depending on the intended action of the enzymes. Direct antifouling is used when the enzymes themselves are active antifoulants. Indirect antifouling...... refers to the use of enzymes to release an active biocide with AF activity. For direct AF, several patents have been granted, and a commercial product has been launched. However, the achievement of an efficient broad-spectrum AF coating based on a single or a few enzymes has not yet been achieved. An...

  19. 78 FR 58536 - Notification of a Public Meeting of the Science Advisory Board Panel for the Review of the EPA...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-24

    ... Register notice published on March 8, 2013 (78 FR 15012--15013) that it was soliciting nominations of... Review and Synthesis of the Scientific Evidence (September, 2013 External Review Draft, EPA/600/R-11/098B... scientific and technical advice to the Administrator on the technical basis for Agency positions...

  20. Design of handwriting drawing board based on common copper clad laminate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hongyuan; Gao, Wenzhi; Wang, Yuan

    2015-02-01

    Handwriting drawing board is not only a subject which can be used to write and draw, but also a method to measure and process weak signals. This design adopts 8051 single chip microprocessor as the main controller. It applies a constant-current source[1][2] to copper plate and collects the voltage value according to the resistance divider effect. Then it amplifies the signal with low-noise and high-precision amplifier[3] AD620 which is placed in the low impedance and anti-interference pen. It converts analog signal to digital signal by an 11-channel, 12-bit A/D converter TLC2543. Adoption of average filtering algorithm can effectively improve the measuring accuracy, reduce the error and make the collected voltage signal more stable. The accurate position can be detected by scanning the horizontal and vertical ordinates with the analog switch via the internal bridge of module L298 which can change the direction of X-Y axis signal scan. DM12864 is used as man-machine interface and this hominization design is convenient for man-machine communication. This collecting system has high accuracy, high stability and strong anti-interference capability. It's easy to control and has very large development space in the future.

  1. Hall-Effect Based Semi-Fast AC On-Board Charging Equipment for Electric Vehicles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva González-Romera

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The expected increase in the penetration of electric vehicles (EV and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV will produce unbalanced conditions, reactive power consumption and current harmonics drawn by the battery charging equipment, causing a great impact on the power quality of the future smart grid. A single-phase semi-fast electric vehicle battery charger is proposed in this paper. This ac on-board charging equipment can operate in grid-to-vehicle (G2V mode, and also in vehicle-to-grid (V2G mode, transferring the battery energy to the grid when the vehicle is parked. The charger is controlled with a Perfect Harmonic Cancellation (PHC strategy, contributing to improve the grid power quality, since the current demanded or injected has no harmonic content and a high power factor. Hall-effect current and voltage transducers have been used in the sensor stage to carry out this control strategy. Experimental results with a laboratory prototype are presented.

  2. A discrete-time localization method for capsule endoscopy based on on-board magnetic sensing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent achievements in active capsule endoscopy have allowed controlled inspection of the bowel by magnetic guidance. Capsule localization represents an important enabling technology for such kinds of platforms. In this paper, the authors present a localization method, applied as first step in time-discrete capsule position detection, that is useful for establishing a magnetic link at the beginning of an endoscopic procedure or for re-linking the capsule in the case of loss due to locomotion. The novelty of this approach consists in using magnetic sensors on board the capsule whose output is combined with pre-calculated magnetic field analytical model solutions. A magnetic field triangulation algorithm is used for obtaining the position of the capsule inside the gastrointestinal tract. Experimental validation has demonstrated that the proposed procedure is stable, accurate and has a wide localization range in a volume of about 18 × 103 cm3. Position errors of 14 mm along the X direction, 11 mm along the Y direction and 19 mm along the Z direction were obtained in less than 27 s of elaboration time. The proposed approach, being compatible with magnetic fields used for locomotion, can be easily extended to other platforms for active capsule endoscopy

  3. Hall-effect based semi-fast AC on-board charging equipment for electric vehicles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milanés-Montero, María Isabel; Gallardo-Lozano, Javier; Romero-Cadaval, Enrique; González-Romera, Eva

    2011-01-01

    The expected increase in the penetration of electric vehicles (EV) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) will produce unbalanced conditions, reactive power consumption and current harmonics drawn by the battery charging equipment, causing a great impact on the power quality of the future smart grid. A single-phase semi-fast electric vehicle battery charger is proposed in this paper. This ac on-board charging equipment can operate in grid-to-vehicle (G2V) mode, and also in vehicle-to-grid (V2G) mode, transferring the battery energy to the grid when the vehicle is parked. The charger is controlled with a Perfect Harmonic Cancellation (PHC) strategy, contributing to improve the grid power quality, since the current demanded or injected has no harmonic content and a high power factor. Hall-effect current and voltage transducers have been used in the sensor stage to carry out this control strategy. Experimental results with a laboratory prototype are presented. PMID:22163697

  4. A classification-based review recommender

    OpenAIRE

    O'Mahony, Michael P.; Smyth, Barry

    2010-01-01

    Many online stores encourage their users to submit product or service reviews in order to guide future purchasing decisions. These reviews are often listed alongside product recommendations but, to date, limited attention has been paid as to how best to present these reviews to the end-user. In this paper, we describe a supervised classification approach that is designed to identify and recommend the most helpful product reviews. Using the TripAdvisor service as a case study, we compare...

  5. A classification-based review recommender

    OpenAIRE

    O'Mahony, Michael P.; Smyth, Barry

    2009-01-01

    Many online stores encourage their users to submit product/service reviews in order to guide future purchasing decisions. These reviews are often listed alongside product recommendations but, to date, limited attention has been paid as to how best to present these reviews to the end-user. In this paper, we describe a supervised classification approach that is designed to identify and recommend the most helpful product reviews. Using the TripAdvisor service as a case study, we compare the perf...

  6. Polymer-based Hybrid Integrated Photonic Devices for Silicon On-chip Modulation and Board-level Optical Interconnects

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, Xingyu; Lin, Xiaohui; Subbaraman, Harish; Chen, Ray T

    2014-01-01

    The accelerating increase in information traffic demands the expansion of optical access network systems that require cost reduction of optical and photonic components. Low cost, ease of fabrication, and integration capabilities of low optical-loss polymers make them attractive for photonic applications. In addition to passive wave-guiding components, electro-optic (EO) polymers consisting of a polymeric matrix doped with organic nonlinear chromophores have enabled wide-RF-bandwidth and low-power optical modulators. Beside board level passive and active optical components, compact on-chip modulators (a few 100 micronmeters to a few millimeters) have been made possible by hybrid integration of EO polymers onto the silicon platform. This paper summarizes some of the recent progress in polymer based optical modulators and interconnects. A highly linear, broadband directional coupler modulator for use in analog optical links and compact, and low-power silicon/polymer hybrid slot photonic crystal waveguide modulat...

  7. A Classification-based Review Recommender

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Mahony, Michael P.; Smyth, Barry

    Many online stores encourage their users to submit product/service reviews in order to guide future purchasing decisions. These reviews are often listed alongside product recommendations but, to date, limited attention has been paid as to how best to present these reviews to the end-user. In this paper, we describe a supervised classification approach that is designed to identify and recommend the most helpful product reviews. Using the TripAdvisor service as a case study, we compare the performance of several classification techniques using a range of features derived from hotel reviews. We then describe how these classifiers can be used as the basis for a practical recommender that automatically suggests the mosthelpful contrasting reviews to end-users. We present an empirical evaluation which shows that our approach achieves a statistically significant improvement over alternative review ranking schemes.

  8. Do wood-based panels made with agro-industrial residues provide environmentally benign alternatives? An LCA case study of sugarcane bagasse addition to particle board manufacturing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Silva, Diogo Aparecido Lopes; Lahr, Francisco Antonio Rocco; Pavan, Ana Laura Raymundo;

    2014-01-01

    Sugarcane bagasse is one of the main agro-industrial residues which can be used to produce wood-based panels. However, more investigations related to its environmental performance assessment are needed, focusing on questions such as: Does it provide environmental benefits? What are its main...... environmental impacts? Could it substitute wood as raw material? Accordingly, this paper presents a life cycle assessment (LCA) study of particle board manufactured with sugarcane bagasse residues.The cradle-to-gate assessment of 1 m3 of particle board made with sugarcane bagasse (PSB) considered three main...... subsystem was 9.08 % (economic base). The potential environmental impact phase was assessed by applying the CML and USEtox methods. PSB was compared with the conventional particle board manufactured in Brazil by the categories of the CML and USETox, and including land use indicators. Finally, two scenarios...

  9. Board on Earth Sciences and Resources and its activities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    de Souza, Dr. Anthony R.

    2000-02-23

    This 1999 annual report of the activities of the National Research Council's (NRC) Board on Earth Sciences and Resources (BESR) begins with an introduction to the Board. This report (1) lists activities of the Board sustained by Department of Energy support, (2) presents accomplishments of the Board, (3) describes current and proposed studies of the Board, and (4) provides a brief review of the Board's future plans.

  10. Design of external sensors board based on Bluetooth interface of smart phones for structural health monitoring system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Yan; Zhou, Yaping; Zhao, Xuefeng; Li, Dongsheng; Ou, Jinping

    2016-04-01

    As an important part of new information technology, the Internet of Things(IoT) is based on intelligent perception, recognition technology, ubiquitous computing, ubiquitous network integration, and it is known as the third wave of the development of information industry in the world after the computer and the Internet. And Smart Phones are the general term for a class of mobile phones with a separate operating system and operational memory, in which the third-party service programs including software, games, navigation, et.al, can be installed. Smart Phones, with not only sensors but also actuators, are widely used in the IoT world. As the current hot issues in the engineering area, Structural health monitoring (SHM) is also facing new problems about design ideas in the IoT environment. The development of IoT, wireless sensor network and mobile communication technology, provides a good technical platform for SHM. Based on these facts, this paper introduces a kind of new idea for Structural Health Monitoring using Smart Phones Technique. The system is described in detail, and the external sensor board based on Bluetooth interface is designed, the test based on Smart Phones is finished to validate the implementation and feasibility. The research is preliminary and more tests need to be carried out before it can be of practical use.

  11. Editorial Board

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    2011-2015 The World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics Editorial Board consists of 411 members, representing a team of worldwide experts in surgery research. They are from 47 countries, including Argentina (3), Australia (13), Austria (4), Belarus (1), Belgium (3), Brazil (10), Canada (10), China (41), Czech Republic (1), Denmark (1), Egypt (3), Estonia (1), Finland

  12. Editorial Board

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    2011-2015 The World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics Editorial Board consists of 411 members,representing a team of worldwide experts in surgery research.They are from 47 countries,including Argentina(3),Australia(13),Austria(4),Belarus(1),Belgium(3),Brazil(10),Canada(10),China(41),Czech Republic(1),Denmark

  13. Mantle density beneath the Siberian craton based on free board constrains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cherepanova, Yulia; Artemieva, Irina

    2014-05-01

    We present the mantle density model of the Archean-Proterozoic Siberian Craton (SC). The density model is constrained by free-board (buoyancy) modeling (Lachenbruch and Morgan, 1990). The approach assumes isostatic compensation of the region, and is justified by the near-zero free-air gravity for most of the region, except for the flanking orogenic belts with high topography. Despite a relatively uniform topography of the SC (ca. 400 m for most of the region and reaching 700 m in the shields), the craton has a strongly heterogeneous crustal structure with large regional variations in Moho and average crustal Vp (Cherepanova et al., 2013) which reflects its complex tectonic evolution. Formed by amalgamation of several Archean terranes, the craton has been significantly affected by Proterozoic collisional and extensional events, the late- Proterozoic rifting at its margins, the Devonian rifting of the Vilyui rift, several pulses of kimberlite magmatism, and the Permo-Triassic trap basalt magmatism. The strong lateral and vertical heterogeneity of the lithospheric mantle has been documented so far in the studied of the mantle xenoliths from kimberlite pipes and in a limited number of geophysical studies. Here we extend geophysical analysis of mantle compositional heterogeneity by evaluating mantle density structure and interpreting its regional variations in terms of mantle mg#. We link regional large-amplitude variations in mantle depletion to the tectonic evolution of the craton and compare these results with geophysical models and petrologic data. We speculate on the origin of compositional heterogeneity of the lithospheric mantle, which is in overall agreement with results of a joint analysis of seismic and thermal data (Artemieva, 2009) and mantle xenolith studies which provide information on metasomatic enrichment of the depleted lithospheric mantle by the tectonic events. The results indicate the heterogeneous structure of mantle density, with the average

  14. 78 FR 15012 - Request for Nominations of Experts for a Science Advisory Board Panel To Review EPA's Draft...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-08

    ... men of all racial and ethnic groups. The EPA SAB Staff Office will acknowledge receipt of nominations... a balanced review panel includes candidates who possess the necessary domains of knowledge, the... expertise, knowledge, and experience (primary factors); (b) availability and willingness to serve;...

  15. Review of Programs: Architecture; Architectural Technology; Landscape Architecture; Interior Design; Construction and Construction Technology; Building Construction; Urban and Regional Planning. Report to the Board of Regents, State University System of Florida.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMinn, William G.

    This report is an update of a report on the development and status of various programs in architecture and related fields in the State University System of Florida, a report that was submitted to the Board of Regents in May 1983. The objectives of this updated report, like those of the earlier one, are to review the anticipated needs of the…

  16. An interactive web-based project to stimulate internal medicine resident reading using board-type questions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuncel-Kara, Meryem; Islam, Ebtesam Attaya; Wang, Helen; Pelley, John; Nugent, Kenneth

    2015-04-01

    Since restricted resident work hours have reduced resident participation in traditional educational activities, we wanted to evaluate e-mail-based education in an internal medicine residency. One internal medicine faculty member sent four clinical case-based questions per week to all internal medicine residents over a 10-month period (132 questions total). The mean percentage of participation on a set of questions was 69% (range, 43% to 97%). The mean percentage of correct answers on all questions for all residents was 70% (range, 15% to 100%). Seventy-three percent of the question sets resulted in an electronic interaction between the residents and the faculty sponsor. Based on an anonymous survey, 96% of the residents found the program useful. The faculty sponsor spent 60 to 150 minutes per week on this activity. We think that this program increased overall reading since it did not replace any traditional activity; further, it provided practice with board-type questions. This approach can supplement the educational curriculum for internal medicine training. PMID:25829643

  17. The new Board of Governors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The composition of the IAEA Board of Governors for 1961-62 was completed with the election of five new Members at the last session of the General Conference. The Conference elected Colombia, Greece, Hungary, Pakistan and Viet-Nam to serve a two-year term on the Board of Governors. They succeed Bulgaria, Ceylon, Mexico, the Philippines and Spain, which had been elected for a two-year term at the third session of the General Conference in 1959. The Board of Governors at present consists of 23 Member States, of which 13 are designated by the outgoing Board and 10 are elected by General conference. The designation of 13 Members, which is made annually by the Board itself, is based on certain geographical and technical criteria specified in the Agency's Statute. The other 10 Members are elected by the General Conference in such a way as to ensure proper representation of different areas on the Board as a whole

  18. SU-E-J-256: Dual Energy Planar Image Based Localization in the Absence of On-Board CT Images

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sadagopan, R; Yang, J; Li, H [M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States)

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To develop a tool enabling soft tissue based image guidance using dual energy radiographs for cases when on-board CT is not available. Method: Dual energy planar radiographs can be applied to image guidance for targeting lung lesions because the bone based alignment only may not be sufficient as the lesions move. We acquired images of an anthropomorphic thorax phantom at 120 and 60 KVp respectively. Using a weighted logarithmic subtraction of these dual energy images, a soft tissue enhanced and a bone enhanced image were generated and they could be used for the image guidance purpose. Similar processing was also applied to a dual energy image set acquired for a patient undergoing a proton therapy. Results: The soft tissue enhanced images suppressed bones (ribs and scapula) overlying on lung, thus enabling a better visualization of soft tissue and lesion, while the bone enhanced image suppressed the soft tissue. These enhanced effects were visually apparent without further processing for display enhancements, such as using histogram or edge enhancement technique. Conclusions: The phantom image processing was encouraging. The initial test on the patient image set showed that other post processing might still be able to add value in visualizing soft tissues in addition to the dual energy soft tissue enhancement. More evaluations are needed to determine the potential benefit of this technique in the clinic.

  19. SU-E-J-256: Dual Energy Planar Image Based Localization in the Absence of On-Board CT Images

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To develop a tool enabling soft tissue based image guidance using dual energy radiographs for cases when on-board CT is not available. Method: Dual energy planar radiographs can be applied to image guidance for targeting lung lesions because the bone based alignment only may not be sufficient as the lesions move. We acquired images of an anthropomorphic thorax phantom at 120 and 60 KVp respectively. Using a weighted logarithmic subtraction of these dual energy images, a soft tissue enhanced and a bone enhanced image were generated and they could be used for the image guidance purpose. Similar processing was also applied to a dual energy image set acquired for a patient undergoing a proton therapy. Results: The soft tissue enhanced images suppressed bones (ribs and scapula) overlying on lung, thus enabling a better visualization of soft tissue and lesion, while the bone enhanced image suppressed the soft tissue. These enhanced effects were visually apparent without further processing for display enhancements, such as using histogram or edge enhancement technique. Conclusions: The phantom image processing was encouraging. The initial test on the patient image set showed that other post processing might still be able to add value in visualizing soft tissues in addition to the dual energy soft tissue enhancement. More evaluations are needed to determine the potential benefit of this technique in the clinic

  20. Buddy Board

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enggaard, Helle; Moselund, Lene

    2015-01-01

    Projekt ’BuddyBoard’ er kommet i stand via et samarbejde mellem Frederikshavn kommune, Bunker43 og Lab. X. Afdeling en ’Havly’ på Sæby Ældrecenter fungerer som living lab, hvilket betyder, at det udgør et levende laboratorium for udvikling og afprøvning af teknologi (Schultz, 2013). Projektet er....... Bunker43 har udviklet en teknologi (BuddyBoard) til hurtig formidling af billeder fra pårørende og personale til beboere på institutioner. Pårørende og personale uploader billeder via en APP eller en hjemmeside og har mulighed for at tilføje en kort forklarende tekst til hvert billede. Beboeren ser...... billederne via en tablet. Systemet bygger på et simpelt og brugervenligt design, så ældre med kognitive og/eller fysiske funktionsnedsættelser kan anvende teknologien. BuddyBoard fungerer via internettet, og billederne gemmes på en sikret server hos udbyderen, som er Bunker43. Intentionerne med BuddyBoard er...

  1. A Modelling Framework for estimating Road Segment Based On-Board Vehicle Emissions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Traditional traffic emission inventory models aim to provide overall emissions at regional level which cannot meet planners' demand for detailed and accurate traffic emissions information at the road segment level. Therefore, a road segment-based emission model for estimating light duty vehicle emissions is proposed, where floating car technology is used to collect information of traffic condition of roads. The employed analysis framework consists of three major modules: the Average Speed and the Average Acceleration Module (ASAAM), the Traffic Flow Estimation Module (TFEM) and the Traffic Emission Module (TEM). The ASAAM is used to obtain the average speed and the average acceleration of the fleet on each road segment using FCD. The TFEM is designed to estimate the traffic flow of each road segment in a given period, based on the speed-flow relationship and traffic flow spatial distribution. Finally, the TEM estimates emissions from each road segment, based on the results of previous two modules. Hourly on-road light-duty vehicle emissions for each road segment in Shenzhen's traffic network are obtained using this analysis framework. The temporal-spatial distribution patterns of the pollutant emissions of road segments are also summarized. The results show high emission road segments cluster in several important regions in Shenzhen. Also, road segments emit more emissions during rush hours than other periods. The presented case study demonstrates that the proposed approach is feasible and easy-to-use to help planners make informed decisions by providing detailed road segment-based emission information

  2. A Proposal for the Establishment of Review Boards - a flexible approach to the selection of academic knowledge

    OpenAIRE

    Edmonds, Bruce

    1999-01-01

    Paper journals use a small number of trusted academics to select information on behalf of all their readers. This inflexibility in the selection was justified due to the expense of publishing. The advent of cheap distribution via the internet allows a new trade-off between time and expense and the flexibility of the selection process. This paper explores one such possible process one where the role of mark-up and archiving is separated from that of review. The idea is that authors publish the...

  3. Does Board Diversity Really Matter?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rose, Caspar; Munch-Madsen, Peter; Funch, Maja

    2013-01-01

    We study the impact of female board representation as well as citizenship on corporate performance based on a sample of the largest listed firms in the Nordic countries as well as Germany. We also seek to determine the variation of board structures using factor analysis. We find no support for an...

  4. Board Certification: The Global Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day, Susan H

    2016-09-01

    This article reviews globalization of quality standards in medicine, with emphasis on accreditation and certification. In conjunction with the 100th anniversary of the American Board of Ophthalmology, the author explores globalization movements, standards of quality, expectations of others seeking certification, the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) International, interrelationships with the ABMS, and considerations both pragmatic and philosophical in addressing globalization of standards. PMID:27550006

  5. Pension Fund Governing Board

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    Note The CERN pension scheme is based on the principle of defined benefits, so beneficiaries continue to receive the benefits to which they are entitled in accordance with the Rules of the Pension Fund. This means that pension entitlements under the Rules are not directly affected by the financial crisis and the current economic situation. However, the adjustment of pensions to the cost of living is not automatic and, under the method applied since 2006, must take into account the Fund’s financial position. Meeting of the Pension Fund Governing Board The Pension Fund Governing Board held its eighth meeting at ESO in Garching, Germany (near Munich) on 24 October 2008. Before starting its work, the Governing Board had the privilege of hearing an opening address by Professor Tim de Zeeuw, the Director General of ESO. Professor de Zeeuw described the mission of ESO and the ambitious projects of his organisation, which performs astronomy observations using telescopes located in...

  6. Extraction of breathing pattern using temperature sensor based on Arduino board

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Rajesh; Sengottuvel, S.; Gireesan, K.; Janawadkar, M. P.; Radhakrishnan, T. S.

    2015-06-01

    Most of the basic functions of human body are assessed by measuring the different parameters from the body such as temperature, pulse activity and blood pressure etc. Respiration rate is the number of inhalations a person takes per minute and needs to be quantitatively assessed as it modulates other measurements such as SQUID based magnetocardiography (MCG) by bringing the chest closer to or away from the sensor array located inside a stationary liquid helium cryostat. The respiration rate is usually measured when a person is at rest and simply involves counting the number of inhalations for one minute. This paper aims at the development of a suitable methodology for the measurement of respiration rate with the help of a temperature sensor which monitors the very slight change in temperature near the nostril during inhalation & exhalation. The design and development of the proposed system is presented, along with typical experiment results.

  7. Design of an Automatic Specification-based Test-framework for On-board software of Satellites

    OpenAIRE

    Höflinger, Kilian

    2015-01-01

    Satellites are sophisticated and therefore complicated constructs that require interdisciplinary teamwork of various experts of different academic disciplines. The integration of specific payload components, like scientific experiments, in the on-board software of the satellite is very challenging. The domain expert, as the owner of the payload component, possesses detailed insights on his or her component, but lacks sufficient programming skills to implement it in the on-board software. The ...

  8. Virtual integration of multiple-facility PAC systems with ISDN intranet and Web-based DICOM white board

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, JongHyo; Kang, Heung Sik; Ro, Duk-Woo; Shin, Myung J.; Kim, Dongsung; Kim, Young H.; Kang, Seok H.

    1999-07-01

    As increasing number of medical facilities are introducing PACS, the needs to interconnect PAC systems are also increased. Although the primary goal of PACS is to enable distribution of radiologic images electronically within hospital and thus assist patient care more efficiently, inter-networking of multiple facility PAC systems can create additional application area and bring about clinical impact. By inter-networking multiple facility PACS, exams can be automatically routed to the remote radiologist when the local radiologist is not available such as during the off- duty hours and vacations. Physicians and radiologists can also benefit from the inter-networking of PACS by making telesconsultation of special cases with remote subspecialty radiologists which can lead to improved diagnostic accuracy and confidence. In this study, we attempted to develop an inter-networking system among the multi-facility PAC systems which can be used for image data transfer and telesconsultation by establishing the ISDN intranet and developing a Web based DICOM white board.

  9. Editorial Board

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    2012-2016 The World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery Editorial Board consists of 341 members,representing a team of worldwide experts in pediatrics.They are from 37 countries,including Australia(6),Austria(2),Belgium(6),Brazil(9),Bulgaria(2),Canada(8),China(29),Denmark(1),Finland(2),France(9),Germany(21),Greece(7),India(11),Ireland(3),Israel(3),Italy(50),Jamaica(1),Japan(47),Lithuania(1),Malaysia(1),Netherlands(11),Pakistan(1),Poland(1),Portugal(1),Russia(1),Saudi Arabia(1),Serbia(2),Singapore(5),South Korea(8),Spain(5),Sweden(2),Switzerland(3),Thailand(2),Tunisia(1),Turkey(8),United Kingdom(11),and United States(59).

  10. High resolution monitoring of marine protists based on an observation strategy integrating automated on board ship filtration and molecular analyses

    OpenAIRE

    Metfies, Katja; Schroeder, Friedhelm; Hessel, Johanna; Wollschlaeger, Jochen; Micheller, Sebastian; Wolf, Christian; Kilias, Estelle; Sprong, Pim; Neuhaus, Stefan; Frickenhaus, Stephan; Petersen, Wilhelm

    2016-01-01

    Information on recent photosynthetic biomass distribution and biogeography with adequate temporal and spatial resolution is urgently needed to better understand consequences of environmental change for marine ecosystems. Here we introduce and review a molecular-based observation strategy for high resolution assessment of marine protists in space and time. The observation strategy is the result of extensive technology developments, adaptations and evaluations which are documented in a number o...

  11. School-Based First Aid Training Programs: A Systematic Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reveruzzi, Bianca; Buckley, Lisa; Sheehan, Mary

    2016-01-01

    Background: This review examines the breadth of first aid training delivered to school students and the components that are age appropriate to adolescents. Method: Eligible studies included school-based first aid interventions targeting students aged between 10 and 18 years. Online databases were searched, for peer-reviewed publications available…

  12. How Board Members Evaluate the Superintendent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swain, Philip B.

    Strong school board-administrator relations are based on a clear understanding of the superintendent's responsibilities and regular, periodic evaluation. Few school boards have a formal method for evaluating superintendents, though many boards agree that evaluation is important for administrative accountability. A written set of evaluation goals…

  13. Agent Based Image Segmentation Method : A Review

    OpenAIRE

    Pooja Mishra; Navita Srivastava; Shukla, K. K.; Achintya Singlal

    2011-01-01

    Image segmentation is an important research area in computer vision and many segmentation methods have been proposed. This paper attempts to provide a brief overview of elemental segmentation techniques based on boundary or regional approaches. It focuses mainly on the agent based image segmentation techniques

  14. What makes boards effective? An examination of the relationships between board inputs, structures, processes and effectiveness in non-profit organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Cornforth, Chris

    2001-01-01

    Based on a survey of charity boards in England and Wales this paper examines what influence board inputs, structures and processes have on board effectiveness. The findings provide mixed support for the normative literature on board effectiveness. Using stepwise logistic regression the research suggests that board inputs and three process variables are important in explaining board effectiveness, namely: board members have the time, skills and experience to do the job; clear board roles and r...

  15. Multi-board concept - a scenario based approach for supporting product quality and life cycle oriented design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Robotham, Antony John; Hertzum, Morten

    2000-01-01

    This paper will describe the multi-board concept, which is a working approach for supporting life cycle oriented design and product quality. Aspects of this concept include construction of a common working environment where multiple display boards depict scenarios of the product life cycle......, creating a shared quality mindset amongst design-ers, and developing creativity and synthesis in product design. The appropriateness of scenarios for supporting life cycle oriented design will be ar-gued and preliminary results from early experi-mentation will be presented.Initial results lead us...... to believe that the multi-board concept promises to be a useful means of communication amongst the design team. We be-lieve that it fosters a thorough understanding of life cycle events, which, in turn, inspires the design of innovative products of the highest quality....

  16. Editorial Board

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    2011-2015The World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics Editorial Board consists of 411 members,representing a team of worldwide experts in surgery research.They are from 47 countries,including Argentina(3),Australia(13),Austria(4),Belarus(1),Belgium(3),Brazil(10),Canada(10),China(41),Czech Republic(1),Denmark(1),Egypt(3),Estonia(1),Finland(1),France(5),Germany(21),Greece(6),Hungary(4),India(18),Iran(6),Ireland(1),Israel(4),Italy(35),Japan(34),Lebanon(1),Lithuania(3),Mexico(2),Netherlands(10),New Zealand(2),Norway(2),Pakistan(2),Philippines(1),Poland(3),Portugal(2),Romania(1),Russia(1),Saudi Arabia(2),Singapore(3),Slovenia(1),South Africa(1),South Korea(16),Spain(13),Sweden(3),Switzerland(1),Thailand(4),Turkey(7),United Kingdom(20),and United States(84).

  17. Characterization and mechanical separation of metals from computer Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs) based on mineral processing methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarvar, Mojtaba; Salarirad, Mohammad Mehdi; Shabani, Mohammad Amin

    2015-11-01

    In this paper, a novel mechanical process is proposed for enriching metal content of computer Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs). The PCBs are crushed and divided into three different size fractions namely: -0.59, +0.59 to 1.68 and +1.68 mm. Wet jigging and froth flotation methods are selected for metal enrichment. The coarse size fraction (+1.68 mm) is processed by jigging. The plastic free product is grinded and screened. The oversized product is separated as the first concentrate. It was rich of metal because the grinding process was selective. The undersized product is processed by froth flotation. Based on the obtained results, the middle size fraction (+0.59 to 1.68 mm) and the small size fraction (-0.59 mm) are processed by wet jigging and froth flotation respectively. The wet jigging process is optimized by investigating the effect of pulsation frequency and water flow rate. The results of examining the effect of particle size, solid to liquid ratio, conditioning time and using apolar collector showed that collectorless flotation is a promising method for separating nonmetals of PCBs. 95.6%, 97.5% and 85% of metal content of coarse size, middle size and small size fraction are recovered. The grades of obtained concentrates were 63.3%, 92.5% and 75% respectively. The total recovery is calculated as 95.64% and the grade of the final concentrate was 71.26%. Determining the grade of copper and gold in the final product reveals that 4.95% of copper and 24.46% of gold are lost during the concentration. The major part of the lost gold is accumulated in froth flotation tail. PMID:26143534

  18. Review on Land-Based Wheeled Robots

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rasam Himanshu R.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an overview of the state of art of mobile robots presenting aspects of their current level of sophistication, fields mobile robots are being presently used, the future application and scope of mobile robots. Classifying the primary research topics of multi-robot systems into seven major categories (Biological inspirations, architecture, localization/mapping/exploration, object transport and manipulation, motion co-ordination, reconfigurable and learning robot systems, vision, we discuss the current state of research in these areas. An attempt to cover the points for which a general agreement has emerged within the scientific domain, are then presented, followed by a discussion of alternative approaches and currently unsolved problems. This paper also reviews the most relevant literature and previous research activity regarding mobile robotics. We conclude by identifying more topics of scientific consensus, open research issues and a discussion of some application areas where mobile robots could be used with existing technology.

  19. Bigger hybrid loader on the drawing board : Mining Technologies International hybrid gets rave reviews for power and comfort

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tollinsky, N.

    2010-12-01

    This article presented a hybrid loader that reduces diesel emissions in underground mining. Sudbury-based Mining Technologies International (MTI) plans to build a 4 cubic yard loader in 2011, following the successful trial of a smaller 1.5 cubic yard machine at the CANMET experimental mine in Val d'Or, Quebec. The prototype hybrid loader was equipped with a metal hydride battery pack and a 2-cylinder, 35 hp Deutz engine. Performance testing revealed that the machine is capable of providing much more torque than originally expected and that it has more power compared to a mechanical drive machine. Operators at the CANMET mine also gave the hybrid loader high marks for comfort. The MTI loaders are equipped with a load sensing hydraulics system to eliminate jarring movement. The prototype experienced some premature failures in the flex coupling, which was subsequently replaced at the MTI shop in Sudbury. The primary reason for building the hybrid loader was to reduce diesel emissions underground in anticipation of stricter emission standards planned by the Mine Safety and Health Administration, the United States Environmental Protection Agency and CANMET for 2014. Compared to a conventional machine, there is virtually no exhaust from the hybrid loader. It is an ideal machine for a mine with very limited ventilation. Since the loader runs off the battery, MTI is currently looking at battery technologies other than metal hydrides to obtain a much higher energy density. Diesel is used to recharge the loader, and eliminates the need to plug in the unit between shifts. 1 ref., 2 figs.

  20. Knowledge bases in medicine: a review.

    OpenAIRE

    Perry, C. A.

    1990-01-01

    Efforts to represent knowledge effectively have been central to progress in various aspects of medical informatics. These efforts range from relatively simple "electronic textbooks" to fairly sophisticated knowledge-based systems, which function as well as, or even better than, human experts faced with similar problems. Knowledge bases have been developed in many fields, but the relatively limited domains and structured language of medicine, as well as the importance of information in the pro...

  1. A Review on Theories of Task-based Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢济光

    2014-01-01

    Based on several books on English teaching and learning, this paper gives a general review on task-based teaching. First-ly, it introduces the definitions of task and task-based syllabus and makes two distinctions, namely,“task”and“activity”,“task-based teaching”and“communicative teaching”. Then it states the notions behind the task-based teaching. Finally, it gives the notes for the application of this approach.

  2. A Competency-Based Model of the Human Resource Development Management of "Ustadz" at Salaf Boarding School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uhbiyati, Nur

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to study the criteria of qualified "ustadz" and how the "salaf" boarding school leader ("kyai") manages the ustadz in order for them to become qualified "ustadz." Design/Methodology/Approach: This study uses a qualitative research approach. Data were collected by…

  3. Concurrent clinical review: using microcomputer-based DRG-software.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huertas-Portocarrero, D; Ruiz, P P; Marmol, J P

    1988-01-01

    Since the introduction of the Prospective Payment System based on Diagnosis Related Groups (DRGs) in the U.S.A., important information technologies are arising. We discuss how Professional Review Organizations, (PROS) are forcing a better control of appropriateness and quality of medical care. Hospitals should have the internal capabilities to perform, at least, the same reviews as performed by the PROs. Concurrent Clinical Review Systems based on DRGs are a special type of information technology that take place during and even before patient hospitalization, therefore allowing an 'on line' monitoring information. Low-cost microcomputers are playing a major role in the popularization of this technology. 'Clinical Review System' is a microcomputer-based software that renders easy and feasible and otherwise complex task. An effort should be made in order to adapt the philosophy underlying this or other similar software to the European needs. PMID:10312511

  4. Highly flexible self-powered sensors based on printed circuit board technology for human motion detection and gesture recognition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuh, Yiin-Kuen; Ho, Hsi-Chun

    2016-03-01

    In this paper, we demonstrate a new integration of printed circuit board (PCB) technology-based self-powered sensors (PSSs) and direct-write, near-field electrospinning (NFES) with polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) micro/nano fibers (MNFs) as source materials. Integration with PCB technology is highly desirable for affordable mass production. In addition, we systematically investigate the effects of electrodes with intervals in the range of 0.15 mm to 0.40 mm on the resultant PSS output voltage and current. The results show that at a strain of 0.5% and 5 Hz, a PSS with a gap interval 0.15 mm produces a maximum output voltage of 3 V and a maximum output current of 220 nA. Under the same dimensional constraints, the MNFs are massively connected in series (via accumulation of continuous MNFs across the gaps ) and in parallel (via accumulation of parallel MNFs on the same gap) simultaneously. Finally, encapsulation in a flexible polymer with different interval electrodes demonstrated that electrical superposition can be realized by connecting MNFs collectively and effectively in serial/parallel patterns to achieve a high current and high voltage output, respectively. Further improvement in PSSs based on the effect of cooperativity was experimentally realized by rolling-up the device into a cylindrical shape, resulting in a 130% increase in power output due to the cooperative effect. We assembled the piezoelectric MNF sensors on gloves, bandages and stockings to fabricate devices that can detect different types of human motion, including finger motion and various flexing and extensions of an ankle. The firmly glued PSSs were tested on the glove and ankle respectively to detect and harvest the various movements and the output voltage was recorded as ∼1.5 V under jumping movement (one PSS) and ∼4.5 V for the clenched fist with five fingers bent concurrently (five PSSs). This research shows that piezoelectric MNFs not only have a huge impact on harvesting various external

  5. Highly flexible self-powered sensors based on printed circuit board technology for human motion detection and gesture recognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuh, Yiin-Kuen; Ho, Hsi-Chun

    2016-03-01

    In this paper, we demonstrate a new integration of printed circuit board (PCB) technology-based self-powered sensors (PSSs) and direct-write, near-field electrospinning (NFES) with polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) micro/nano fibers (MNFs) as source materials. Integration with PCB technology is highly desirable for affordable mass production. In addition, we systematically investigate the effects of electrodes with intervals in the range of 0.15 mm to 0.40 mm on the resultant PSS output voltage and current. The results show that at a strain of 0.5% and 5 Hz, a PSS with a gap interval 0.15 mm produces a maximum output voltage of 3 V and a maximum output current of 220 nA. Under the same dimensional constraints, the MNFs are massively connected in series (via accumulation of continuous MNFs across the gaps ) and in parallel (via accumulation of parallel MNFs on the same gap) simultaneously. Finally, encapsulation in a flexible polymer with different interval electrodes demonstrated that electrical superposition can be realized by connecting MNFs collectively and effectively in serial/parallel patterns to achieve a high current and high voltage output, respectively. Further improvement in PSSs based on the effect of cooperativity was experimentally realized by rolling-up the device into a cylindrical shape, resulting in a 130% increase in power output due to the cooperative effect. We assembled the piezoelectric MNF sensors on gloves, bandages and stockings to fabricate devices that can detect different types of human motion, including finger motion and various flexing and extensions of an ankle. The firmly glued PSSs were tested on the glove and ankle respectively to detect and harvest the various movements and the output voltage was recorded as ∼1.5 V under jumping movement (one PSS) and ∼4.5 V for the clenched fist with five fingers bent concurrently (five PSSs). This research shows that piezoelectric MNFs not only have a huge impact on harvesting various external

  6. Review of alternative fuels data bases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harsha, P. T.; Edelman, R. B.

    1983-01-01

    Based on an analysis of the interaction of fuel physical and chemical properties with combustion characteristics and indicators, a ranking of the importance of various fuel properties with respect to the combustion process was established. This ranking was used to define a suite of specific experiments whose objective is the development of an alternative fuels design data base. Combustion characteristics and indicators examined include droplet and spray formation, droplet vaporization and burning, ignition and flame stabilization, flame temperature, laminar flame speed, combustion completion, soot emissions, NOx and SOx emissions, and the fuels' thermal and oxidative stability and fouling and corrosion characteristics. Key fuel property data is found to include composition, thermochemical data, chemical kinetic rate information, and certain physical properties.

  7. The Cambridge Experimentation Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 1977

    1977-01-01

    Reproduced is the report made by a citizens' group in Cambridge, Massachusetts and presented to the city council that outlines safety regulations for the conduct of recombinant DNA research at Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. (CS)

  8. A high-resolution TDC-based board for a fully digital trigger and data acquisition system in the NA62 experiment at CERN

    CERN Document Server

    Pedreschi, Elena; Avanzini, Carlo; Galeotti, Stefano; Lamanna, Gianluca; Magazzu, Guido; Pinzino, Jacopo; Piandani, Roberto; Sozzi, Marco; Spinella, Franco; Venditti, Stefano

    2014-01-01

    A Time to Digital Converter (TDC) based system, to be used for most sub-detectors in the high-flux rare-decay experiment NA62 at CERN SPS, was built as part of the NA62 fully digital Trigger and Data AcQuisition system (TDAQ), in which the TDC Board (TDCB) and a general-purpose motherboard (TEL62) will play a fundamental role. While TDCBs, housing four High Performance Time to Digital Converters (HPTDC), measure hit times from sub-detectors, the motherboard processes and stores them in a buffer, produces trigger primitives from different detectors and extracts only data related to the lowest trigger level decision, once this is taken on the basis of the trigger primitives themselves. The features of the TDCB board developed by the Pisa NA62 group are extensively discussed and performance data is presented in order to show its compliance with the experiment requirements.

  9. 42 CFR 456.716 - DUR Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... review, evaluation, and intervention. (4) Medical quality assurance. (b) Board composition. At least one... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false DUR Board. 456.716 Section 456.716 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED)...

  10. The European Board of Orthodontists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cozzani, Mauro; Weiland, Frank

    2016-06-01

    The multiplicity of nations, languages and differing ways and levels of specialized orthodontic education in Europe lead to the need for an objective review of the quality of orthodontic care. To this purpose, The European Board of Orthodontists (EBO) was introduced. This article gives an overview of the objectives of the EBO, its development and the requirements for membership. PMID:27066742

  11. Editorial Board

    OpenAIRE

    Editörden

    2014-01-01

    AIMS AND SCOPE Eurasian Journal of Soil Science is a forum for presenting articles on basic and applied research of soil science, thus making new findings, methods and techniques easily accessible and applicable in practice. It publishes original papers on research in soil science. Invited reviews on popular topics are published. Articles are published in English. ISSN: 2147-4249

  12. Editorial Board

    OpenAIRE

    Editörden

    2013-01-01

    AIMS AND SCOPE Eurasian Journal of Soil Science is a forum for presenting articles on basic and applied research of soil science, thus making new findings, methods and techniques easily accessible and applicable in practice. It publishes original papers on research in soil science. Invited reviews on popular topics are published. Articles are published in English. ISSN: 2147-4249

  13. Editorial Board

    OpenAIRE

    ., Editörden

    2013-01-01

    Eurasian Journal of Soil Science is a forum for presenting articles on basic and applied research of soil science, thus making new findings, methods and techniques easily accessible and applicable in practice. It publishes original papers on research in soil science. Invited reviews on popular topics are published. Articles are published in English. ISSN: 2147-4249

  14. A REVIEW ON BIODEGRADABLE STARCH BASED FILM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hooman Molavi

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, biodegradable edible films have become very important in research related to food, due to their compatibility with the environment and their use in the food packaging industry. Various sources can be used in the production of biopolymers as biodegradable films that include polysaccharides, proteins and lipids. Among the various polysaccharides, starch due to its low price and its abundance in nature is of significant importance. Several factors affect the properties of starch films; such as the source which starch is obtained from, as well as the ratio of constituents of the starch. Starch films have advantages such as low thickness, flexibility and transparency though; there are some downsides to mention, such as the poor mechanical properties and water vapor permeability. Thus, using starch alone to produce the film will led to restrictions on its use. To improve the mechanical properties of starch films and also increases resistance against humidity, several methods can be used; including the starch modifying techniques such as cross linking of starch and combining starch with other natural polymers. Other methods such as the use of lipid in formulations of films to increase the resistance to moisture are possible, but lipids are susceptible to oxidation. Therefore, new approaches are based on the integration of different biopolymers in food packaging.

  15. Feedback control system based on a remote operated PID controller implemented using mbed NXP LPC1768 development board

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pricop, Emil; Zamfir, Florin; Paraschiv, Nicolae

    2015-11-01

    Process control is a challenging research topic for both academia and industry for a long time. Controllers evolved from the classical SISO approach to modern fuzzy or neuro-fuzzy embedded devices with networking capabilities, however PID algorithms are still used in the most industrial control loops. In this paper, we focus on the implementation of a PID controller using mbed NXP LPC1768 development board. This board integrates a powerful ARM Cortex- M3 core and has networking capabilities. The implemented controller can be remotely operated by using an Internet connection and a standard Web browser. The main advantages of the proposed embedded system are customizability, easy operation and very low power consumption. The experimental results obtained by using a simulated process are analysed and shows that the implementation can be done with success in industrial applications.

  16. A Web-based archive of systematic review data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ip Stanley

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Systematic reviews have become increasingly critical to informing healthcare policy; however, they remain a time-consuming and labor-intensive activity. The extraction of data from constituent studies comprises a significant portion of this effort, an activity which is often needlessly duplicated, such as when attempting to update a previously conducted review or in reviews of overlapping topics. In order to address these inefficiencies, and to improve the speed and quality of healthcare policy- and decision-making, we have initiated the development of the Systematic Review Data Repository, an open collaborative Web-based repository of systematic review data. As envisioned, this resource would serve as both a central archive and data extraction tool, shared among and freely accessible to organizations producing systematic reviews worldwide. A suite of easy-to-use software tools with a Web frontend would enable researchers to seamlessly search for and incorporate previously deposited data into their own reviews, as well as contribute their own. In developing this resource, we identified a number of technical and non-technical challenges, as well as devised a number of potential solutions, including proposals for systems and software tools to assure data quality, stratify and control user access effectively and flexibly accommodate all manner of study data, as well as means by which to govern and foster adoption of this new resource. Herein we provide an account of the rationale and development of the Systematic Review Data Repository thus far, as well as outline its future trajectory.

  17. Board of Directors Independence and Firm Value: Empirical Evidence Based on the Bucharest Stock Exchange Listed Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Georgeta Vintila; Stefan Cristian Gherghina

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines the influence and causal relationship between board of directors independence, CEO duality, and firm value. By estimating multivariate regression models for panel data, unbalanced, for a sample of companies listed on the Bucharest Stock Exchange, there resulted a positive influence of the percentage of independent directors on firm value, but down to a threshold of their representation of 47.23 percent, whereupon their influence becomes negative. When we employed fixed-eff...

  18. Development of printed-circuit-board based industry-compatible point-of-care biosensing and bioprocessing technology with applications

    OpenAIRE

    Tseng, Hsiu-Yang

    2015-01-01

    This thesis presents the development of a technology employing printed circuit board (PCB) technology to facilitate the performance and translation of point-of-care (POC) biosensing and bioprocessing devices toward practical products. Key features of the proposed technology are a universal, standardized platform and a set of techniques, featuring integrated functional units, three-dimensional (3D) configurations, convenient device-instrumentation interconnections, and industry-compatible prec...

  19. BOARD STRUCTURE AND CEO COMPENSATION

    OpenAIRE

    Anjam, Zeshan

    2010-01-01

    This study examines the relationship between board structure (non executive directors, executive directors and independent non executive directors) and CEO compensation, in the context of an emerging and developing economy of Pakistan in year 2009. Most of the previous studies about board structure and CEO compensation are based in developed economies but this study is about a developing and emerging economy Pakistan and possibly this attempt will contributes to literature. Data for 86 listed...

  20. Efficacy of Neutral Electrolyzed Water, Quaternary Ammonium and Lactic Acid-Based Solutions in Controlling Microbial Contamination of Food Cutting Boards Using a Manual Spraying Technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Qadiri, Hamzah M; Ovissipour, Mahmoudreza; Al-Alami, Nivin; Govindan, Byju N; Shiroodi, Setareh Ghorban; Rasco, Barbara

    2016-05-01

    Bactericidal activity of neutral electrolyzed water (NEW), quaternary ammonium (QUAT), and lactic acid-based solutions was investigated using a manual spraying technique against Salmonella Typhimurium, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Campylobacter jejuni, Listeria monocytogenes and Staphylococcus aureus that were inoculated onto the surface of scarred polypropylene and wooden food cutting boards. Antimicrobial activity was also examined when using cutting boards in preparation of raw chopped beef, chicken tenders or salmon fillets. Viable counts of survivors were determined as log10 CFU/100 cm(2) within 0 (untreated control), 1, 3, and 5 min of treatment at ambient temperature. Within the first minute of treatment, NEW and QUAT solutions caused more than 3 log10 bacterial reductions on polypropylene surfaces whereas less than 3 log10 reductions were achieved on wooden surfaces. After 5 min of treatment, more than 5 log10 reductions were achieved for all bacterial strains inoculated onto polypropylene surfaces. Using NEW and QUAT solutions within 5 min reduced Gram-negative bacteria by 4.58 to 4.85 log10 compared to more than 5 log10 reductions in Gram-positive bacteria inoculated onto wooden surfaces. Lactic acid treatment was significantly less effective (P antimicrobial effectiveness was observed (0.5 to <2 log10 reductions were achieved within the first minute) when both cutting board types were used to prepare raw chopped beef, chicken tenders or salmon fillets. PMID:27027449

  1. Model-based design of integrated production systems: a review

    OpenAIRE

    Ould Sidi, Mohamed Mahmoud; Lescourret, Francoise

    2011-01-01

    Pest resistance and water pollution are major issues caused by the excessive use of pesticides in intensive agriculture. The concept of integrated production system (IPS) has been thus designed to solve those issues and also to meet the need for better food quality and production. Methodologies such as agronomic diagnosis-based design, prototyping, and model-based design have been developed. Here we review the model-based design of IPS. We identify tools for the development of comprehensive m...

  2. Effect of School-based Interventions to Control Childhood Obesity: A Review of Reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amini, Maryam; Djazayery, Abolghassem; Majdzadeh, Reza; Taghdisi, Mohammad-Hossein; Jazayeri, Shima

    2015-01-01

    Effectiveness of school-based interventions to prevent or control overweight and obesity among school children was reviewed for a 11-year period (January 2001 to December 2011). All English systematic reviews, meta-analyses, reviews of reviews, policy briefs and reports targeting children and adolescents which included interventional studies with a control group and aimed to prevent or control overweight and/or obesity in a school setting were searched. Four systematic reviews and four meta-analyses met the eligibility criteria and were included in the review. Results of the review indicated that implementation of multi-component interventions did not necessarily improve the anthropometric outcomes. Although intervention duration is a crucial determinant of effectiveness, studies to assess the length of time required are lacking. Due to existing differences between girls and boys in responding to the elements of the programs in tailoring of school-based interventions, the differences should be taken into consideration. While nontargeted interventions may have an impact on a large population, intervention specifically aiming at children will be more effective for at-risk ones. Intervention programs for children were required to report any unwanted psychological or physical adverse effects originating from the intervention. Body mass index was the most popular indicator used for evaluating the childhood obesity prevention or treatment trials; nonetheless, relying on it as the only indicator for adiposity outcomes could be misleading. Few studies mentioned the psychological theories of behavior change they applied. Recommendations for further studies on school-based interventions to prevent or control overweight/obesity are made at the end of this review. PMID:26330984

  3. A review of studies on community based early warning systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margaret Macherera

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Community-based early warning systems involve community driven collection and analysis of information that enable warning messages to help a community to react to a hazard and reduce the resulting loss or harm. Most early warning systems are designed at the national or global level. Local communities’ capacity to predict weather conditions using indigenous knowledge has been demonstrated in studies focusing on climate change and agriculture in some African countries. This review was motivated by successes made in non-disease specific community-based early warning systems with a view to identify opportunities for developing similar systems for malaria. This article reviewed the existing community-based early warning systems documented in literature. The types of disasters that are addressed by these systems and the methodologies utilised in the development of the systems were identified. The review showed that most of the documented community-based early warning systems focus on natural disasters such as floods, drought, and landslides. Community-based early warning systems for human diseases are very few, even though such systems exist at national and regional and global levels. There is a clear gap in terms of community-based malaria early warning systems. The methodologies for the development of the community-based early warning systems reviewed mainly derive from the four elements of early warning systems; namely risk knowledge, monitoring, warning communication and response capability. The review indicated the need for the development of community based early warning systems for human diseases.Keywords: community; early warning; disaster; hazards

  4. Consumer-Based Brand Equity: A literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Szőcs

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The concept of brand equity has gained in popularity since the 1980s, and since then, the field has undergone significant development. The concept of consumer-based brand equity has become a central marketing concept due to the increasing scientific and business interest in brands, since the approach according to which brands constitute one of the most valuable intangible assets of the companies is becoming increasingly widespread. The paper offers an updated literature review of this important research topic, providing a classification of brand equity models focusing on consumer based models. The most important models are critically reviewed from the perspective of model structure, methodology used and validity.

  5. The Leadership of Kyai in Islamic Boarding School (A Study of Islamic Boarding School in Jambi)

    OpenAIRE

    Kasful Kasful

    2015-01-01

    This study was conducted based on the problem of kyai leadership pattern in Islamic boarding school in Jambi which is considered as paternalistic and centralistic.  The study was aimed at exploring the effectiveness of kyai leadership at Islamic boarding schools in Jambi dealing with the following questions: 1) What kind of system is applied in the election of Islamic boarding school leader? 2) What kind of leadership model used in Islamic boarding school Jambi? 3) What is the effectiveness o...

  6. Pension Fund Governing Board

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    Note The CERN pension scheme is based on the principle of defined benefits, so beneficiaries continue to receive the benefits to which they are entitled in accordance with the Rules of the Pension Fund. This means that pension entitlements under the Rules are not directly affected by the financial crisis and the current economic situation. However, the adjustment of pensions to the cost of living is not automatic and, under the method applied since 2006, must take into account the Fund’s financial position. Meeting of the Pension Fund Governing Board The Pension Fund Governing Board held its eighth meeting at ESO in Garching (near Munich), Germany on 24 October 2008. Before starting its work, the Governing Board had the privilege of hearing an opening address by Professor Tim de Zeeuw, the Director General of ESO. Professor de Zeeuw described the mission of ESO and the ambitious projects of his organisation, which performs astronomy observations using telescopes located in Chile. The Director-General receiv...

  7. A Review-Based Reputation Evaluation Approach for Web Services

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hai-Hua Li; Xiao-Yong Du; Xuan Tian

    2009-01-01

    Web services are commonly perceived as an environment of both offering opportunities and threats.In this environment, one way to minimize threats is to use reputation evaluation, which can be computed, for example, through transaction feedback.However.the current feedback-based approach is inaccurate and inefiective because of its inner limitations(e.g.,feedback quality problem).As the main source of feedback, the qualities of existing on-line reviews are often varied greatly from low to high, the main reasons include:(1)they have no standard expression formats,(2)dishonest comments may exist among these reviews due to malicious attacking.Up to present,the quality problem of review has not been well solved, which greatly degrades their importance on service reputation evaluation. Therefore, we firstly present a novel evaluation approach for review quality in terms of multiple metrics. Then. we make a further improvement in service reputation evaluation based on those filtered reviews. Experimental results show the effectiveness and efficiency of our proposed approach compared with the naive feedback-based approaches.

  8. LED characterization for development of on-board calibration unit of CCD-based advanced wide-field sensor camera of Resourcesat-2A

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatterjee, Abhijit; Verma, Anurag

    2016-05-01

    The Advanced Wide Field Sensor (AWiFS) camera caters to high temporal resolution requirement of Resourcesat-2A mission with repeativity of 5 days. The AWiFS camera consists of four spectral bands, three in the visible and near IR and one in the short wave infrared. The imaging concept in VNIR bands is based on push broom scanning that uses linear array silicon charge coupled device (CCD) based Focal Plane Array (FPA). On-Board Calibration unit for these CCD based FPAs is used to monitor any degradation in FPA during entire mission life. Four LEDs are operated in constant current mode and 16 different light intensity levels are generated by electronically changing exposure of CCD throughout the calibration cycle. This paper describes experimental setup and characterization results of various flight model visible LEDs (λP=650nm) for development of On-Board Calibration unit of Advanced Wide Field Sensor (AWiFS) camera of RESOURCESAT-2A. Various LED configurations have been studied to meet dynamic range coverage of 6000 pixels silicon CCD based focal plane array from 20% to 60% of saturation during night pass of the satellite to identify degradation of detector elements. The paper also explains comparison of simulation and experimental results of CCD output profile at different LED combinations in constant current mode.

  9. Continuous on-board monocular-vision-based elevation mapping applied to autonomous landing of micro aerial vehicles

    OpenAIRE

    Forster, Christian; Faessler, Matthias; Fontana, Flavio; Werlberger, Manuel; Scaramuzza, Davide

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we propose a resource-efficient system for real-time 3D terrain reconstruction and landing-spot detection for micro aerial vehicles. The system runs on an on-board smartphone processor and requires only the input of a single downlooking camera and an inertial measurement unit. We generate a two-dimensional elevation map that is probabilistic, of fixed size, and robot-centric, thus, always covering the area immediately underneath the robot. The elevation map is continuously upda...

  10. 75 FR 59697 - National Sea Grant Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-28

    ... Designated Federal Officer by October 8, 2010 to provide sufficient time for Board review. Written comments... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Sea Grant Advisory Board AGENCY: National Oceanic... forth the schedule and proposed agenda of a forthcoming meeting of the Sea Grant Advisory Board...

  11. 78 FR 55683 - National Sea Grant Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-11

    ... Designated Federal Officer by Monday, September 16, 2013 to provide sufficient time for the Board review... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Sea Grant Advisory Board AGENCY: National Oceanic... National Sea Grant Advisory Board members and notice of public meeting. SUMMARY: This notice responds...

  12. Effective Board Leadership: Factors Associated with Student Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Paul A.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to establish the content, construct, and predictive validity of the Effective Board Leadership Practices Survey (EBLPS). The EBLPS was designed to measure the leadership practices of boards of education that support student achievement. A literature review identified 12 board leadership practices supportive of student…

  13. 77 FR 9214 - National Security Education Board Members Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-16

    ... of the Secretary National Security Education Board Members Meeting AGENCY: Under Secretary of Defense... Education Board. The purpose of the meeting is to review and make recommendations to the Secretary of... Security Education Board Members meeting is open to the public. The public is afforded the opportunity...

  14. 28 CFR 0.116 - Board of Immigration Appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... exercise of its authorities and responsibilities as delineated in 8 CFR 3.1 through 3.8. ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Board of Immigration Appeals. 0.116... Executive Office for Immigration Review § 0.116 Board of Immigration Appeals. The Board of...

  15. A COTS-based single board radiation-hardened computer for space applications; Monocarte ordinateur durcie aux radiations utilisant des COTS et destinee aux applications spatiales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stewart, S.; Hillman, R.; Layton, P.; Krawzsenek, D. [Space Electronics Inc., San Diego, CA (United States)

    1999-07-01

    There is great community interest in the ability to use COTS (Commercial-Off-The-Shelf) technology in radiation environments. Space Electronics, Inc. has developed a high performance COTS-based radiation hardened computer. COTS approaches were selected for both hardware and software. Through parts testing, selection and packaging, all requirements have been met without parts or process development. Reliability, total ionizing dose and single event performance are attractive. The characteristics, performance and radiation resistance of the single board computer will be presented. (authors)

  16. A Review on Visible Light Active Perovskite-Based Photocatalysts

    OpenAIRE

    Pushkar Kanhere; Zhong Chen

    2014-01-01

    Perovskite-based photocatalysts are of significant interest in the field of photocatalysis. To date, several perovskite material systems have been developed and their applications in visible light photocatalysis studied. This article provides a review of the visible light (λ > 400 nm) active perovskite-based photocatalyst systems. The materials systems are classified by the B site cations and their crystal structure, optical properties, electronic structure, and photocatalytic performance ...

  17. Quality Assessment of TPB-Based Questionnaires: A Systematic Review

    OpenAIRE

    Obiageli Crystal Oluka; Shaofa Nie; Yi Sun

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: This review is aimed at assessing the quality of questionnaires and their development process based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) change model. METHODS: A systematic literature search for studies with the primary aim of TPB-based questionnaire development was conducted in relevant databases between 2002 and 2012 using selected search terms. Ten of 1,034 screened abstracts met the inclusion criteria and were assessed for methodological quality using two different appraisal...

  18. A Review on Visible Light Active Perovskite-Based Photocatalysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pushkar Kanhere

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Perovskite-based photocatalysts are of significant interest in the field of photocatalysis. To date, several perovskite material systems have been developed and their applications in visible light photocatalysis studied. This article provides a review of the visible light (λ > 400 nm active perovskite-based photocatalyst systems. The materials systems are classified by the B site cations and their crystal structure, optical properties, electronic structure, and photocatalytic performance are reviewed in detail. Titanates, tantalates, niobates, vanadates, and ferrites form important photocatalysts which show promise in visible light-driven photoreactions. Along with simple perovskite (ABO3 structures, development of double/complex perovskites that are active under visible light is also reviewed. Various strategies employed for enhancing the photocatalytic performance have been discussed, emphasizing the specific advantages and challenges offered by perovskite-based photocatalysts. This review provides a broad overview of the perovskite photocatalysts, summarizing the current state of the work and offering useful insights for their future development.

  19. Review of rank-based procedures for multicenter clinical trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rashid, M Mushfiqur; McKean, Joseph W; Kloke, John D

    2013-01-01

    This article reviews nonparametric alternatives to the mixed model normal theory analysis for the analyses of multicenter clinical trials. Under a mixed model, the traditional analysis is based on maximum likelihood theory under normal errors. This analysis, though, is not robust to outliers. Robust, rank-based, Wilcoxon-type procedures are reviewed for a multicenter clinical trial for the mixed model but without the assumption of normality. These procedures retain the high efficiency of Wilcoxon methods for simple location problems and are based on a fitting criterion which is robust to outliers in response space. A simple weighting scheme can be employed so that the procedures are robust to outliers in factor (design) space as well as response space. These rank-based analyses offer a complete analysis, including estimation of fixed effects and their standard errors, and tests of linear hypotheses. Both rank-based estimates of contrasts and individual treatment effects are reviewed. We illustrate the analyses using real data from a clinical trial. PMID:24138428

  20. Effects of Education Based on Focus Group Discussions on Menstrual Health Behaviors of Female Adolescents in Boarding Centers of the Welfare Organization, Tehran, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shayesteh Shirzadi

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Problems caused by menstruation are common among women. Focus group discussions are a method of data collection in which a small group of participants discuss a specified topic or issue. This study mainly aimed to determine the effects of health education based on focus group discussions on the promotion of health behaviors of female adolescents residing boarding centers of the Welfare Organization (Tehran, Iran during their menstruation periods. Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental interventional study recruited all eligible 12-19-year-old female residents (n=61 of the boarding centers affiliated to the Welfare Organization, Tehran, Iran. The data collection tool was a questionnaire including demographic information and puberty health behaviors (health behaviors during the menstruation period. The questionnaires were completed through interviews before and one month after training. The educational intervention lasted for three months. Data were analyzed using paired t and Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests in SPSS16. Results: The mean scores of performance increased from 12.11±4.43 before the intervention to 16.50±2.79 after the intervention (P<0.001. Conclusion: Since the educational intervention based on focus group discussions had positive effects on the participants’ puberty health, such discussions are recommended to educate adolescent girls about puberty issues.

  1. High-flux MFI-alumina hollow fibres: a membrane-based process for on-board CO2 capture from internal combustion vehicles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work focuses on the conception and development of a membrane-based process for an on-board CO2 capture/storage application. In a first part, we simulate an on-board CO2 capture unit based on a membrane process for the case study of a heavy vehicle (≥3500 kg). This study includes an energy analysis of the impact of gas separation and compression on the required membrane surface and module volume, as well the autonomy of the storage unit and the energy overconsumption involved in the process. In a second part, we study the influence of the hollow-fibre support quality on the final intergrowth level of nano-composite MFI-alumina membranes. Special attention is devoted to the influence of the isomorphic substitution of silica by boron and germanium, and replacement of the counter-cation (proton) by other elements, on the CO2/N2 separation and permeance properties. Next, a complete chapter has been devoted to the evaluation of the thermodynamic (adsorption) and kinetic (diffusion) parameters in the CO2/N2 separation. Finally, we analyze the influence of standard pollutants (water, NOx, hydrocarbons) on the CO2 separation properties of the synthesized membranes. (author)

  2. Board of Directors or Supervisory Board

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2009-01-01

    The article analyses the legal consequences of the choice now available to Danish public limited companies, which can now opt for a two-tier management structure, in which the management board undertakes both the day-to-day and the overall management, while a supervisory board exercises control o...

  3. Bioceramic-Based Root Canal Sealers: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afaf AL-Haddad

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Bioceramic-based root canal sealers are considered to be an advantageous technology in endodontics. The aim of this review was to consider laboratory experiments and clinical studies of these sealers. An extensive search of the endodontic literature was made to identify publications related to bioceramic-based root canal sealers. The outcome of laboratory and clinical studies on the biological and physical properties of bioceramic-based sealers along with comparative studies with other sealers was assessed. Several studies were evaluated covering different properties of bioceramic-based sealers including physical properties, biocompatibility, sealing ability, adhesion, solubility, and antibacterial efficacy. Bioceramic-based sealers were found to be biocompatible and comparable to other commercial sealers. The clinical outcomes associated with the use of bioceramic-based root canal sealers are not established in the literature.

  4. Bioceramic-Based Root Canal Sealers: A Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Che Ab Aziz, Zeti A.

    2016-01-01

    Bioceramic-based root canal sealers are considered to be an advantageous technology in endodontics. The aim of this review was to consider laboratory experiments and clinical studies of these sealers. An extensive search of the endodontic literature was made to identify publications related to bioceramic-based root canal sealers. The outcome of laboratory and clinical studies on the biological and physical properties of bioceramic-based sealers along with comparative studies with other sealers was assessed. Several studies were evaluated covering different properties of bioceramic-based sealers including physical properties, biocompatibility, sealing ability, adhesion, solubility, and antibacterial efficacy. Bioceramic-based sealers were found to be biocompatible and comparable to other commercial sealers. The clinical outcomes associated with the use of bioceramic-based root canal sealers are not established in the literature. PMID:27242904

  5. Board Committees, CEO Compensation, and Earnings Management

    OpenAIRE

    Laux, Christian; Laux, Volker

    2007-01-01

    We analyze the effect of committee formation on how corporate boards perform two main functions: setting CEO pay and overseeing the financial reporting process. The use of performance-based pay schemes induces the CEO to manipulate earnings, which leads to an increased need for board oversight. If the whole board is responsible for both functions, it is inclined to provide the CEO with a compensation scheme that is relatively insensitive to performance in order to reduce the burden of subsequ...

  6. On the Internationalization of Corporate Boards

    OpenAIRE

    Oxelheim, Lars; Gregori, Aleksandra; Randøy, Trond; Thomsen, Steen

    2013-01-01

    Despite the global reach of their commercial activities, many multinational firms have proved slow in internationalizing their boards of directors. Based on a panel study of the internationalization of the boards of 347 non-financial firms from the Nordic countries, we find a higher fraction of international board membership in firms with more foreign sales, in firms with more foreign ownership and in firms whose shares are traded on foreign (mostly European) stock exchanges. Moreover, we fin...

  7. Who nominates the board? - Implications on board diversity and turnover

    OpenAIRE

    Viskari, Milla

    2014-01-01

    This thesis assesses whether the type of nomination poses implications on board diversity in terms of age, gender, nationality and education, as well as turnover on a Finnish and Swedish data. The existing research on director selection and especially nomination committees is rather limited, and thus the research aims at contributing to the topic. The reviewed time period concerns 2008 to 2012, and altogether 55 Finnish and 55 Swedish public companies are included in the study, thus resul...

  8. Management of REM sleep behavior disorder: An evidence based review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devnani, Preeti; Fernandes, Racheal

    2015-01-01

    Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is characterized by dream enactment behavior resulting from a loss of REM skeletal muscle atonia. The neurobiology of REM sleep and the characteristic features of REM atonia have an important basis for understanding the aggravating etiologies the proposed pharmacological interventions in its management. This review outlines the evidence for behavioral and therapeutic measures along with evidence-based guidelines for their implementation, impact on falls, and effect on polysomnography (PSG) while highlighting the non-motor, autonomic, and cognitive impact of this entity. PubMed databases were reviewed upto May 2013 in peer-reviewed scientific literature regarding the pathophysiology and management of RBD in adults. The literature was graded according to the Oxford centre of evidence-based Medicine Levels. An early intervention that helps prevent consequences such as falls and provides a base for intervention with neuroprotective mechanisms and allocates a unique platform that RBD portrays with its high risk of disease conversion with a sufficiently long latency. RBD provides a unique platform with its high risk of disease conversion with a sufficiently long latency, providing an opportunity for early intervention both to prevent consequences such as falls and provide a base for intervention with neuroprotective mechanisms. PMID:25745301

  9. From evidence based medicine to mechanism based medicine : Reviewing the role of pharmacogenetics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wilffert, Bob; Swen, Jesse; Mulder, Hans; Touw, Daan; Maitland-Van Der Zee, Anke-Hilse; Deneer, Vera

    2013-01-01

    Aim of the review The translation of evidence based medicine to a specific patient presents a considerable challenge. We present by means of the examples nortriptyline, tramadol, clopidogrel, coumarins, abacavir and antipsychotics the discrepancy between available pharmacogenetic information and its

  10. Departmental Appeals Board Decisions

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Decisions issued by the Chair and Board Members of the Departmental Appeals Board concerning determinations in discretionary, project grant programs, including...

  11. Pilot Boarding Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Pilot boarding areas are locations at sea where pilots familiar with local waters board incoming vessels to navigate their passage to a destination port. Pilotage...

  12. Board independence and competence

    OpenAIRE

    Wagner, Alexander F

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyzes board independence and competence as distinct, but inextricably linked aspects of board effectiveness. Competent directors add shareholder value because they have better information about the quality of projects. While a CEO cares about shareholder value, he also wants his board to behave loyally to him by agreeing to projects that give him private benefits. Because many aspects of the CEO-board relationship are not contractible, the paper studies a model of relational con...

  13. Review of Lattice-based Public key Cryptography(Russian)

    OpenAIRE

    Usatyuk, V. S.

    2010-01-01

    This article presets a review of the achievements rapidly developing field of cryptography - public-key cryptography based on the lattice theory. Paper contains the necessary basic concepts and the major problems of the lattice theory, as well as together with the description on the benefits of this cryptography class - the properties of the reliability to quantum computers and full homomorphism, the shortcomings of specific implementations.

  14. fNIRS-based brain-computer interfaces: a review

    OpenAIRE

    Noman eNaseer; Keum-Shik eHong

    2015-01-01

    A brain-computer interface (BCI) is a communication system that allows the use of brain activity to control computers or other external devices. It can, by bypassing the peripheral nervous system, provide a means of communication for people suffering from severe motor disabilities or in a persistent vegetative state. In this paper, brain-signal generation tasks, noise removal methods, feature extraction/selection schemes, and classification techniques for fNIRS-based BCI are reviewed. The mos...

  15. Detecting Driver Drowsiness Based on Sensors: A Review

    OpenAIRE

    Kenneth Sundaraj; Arun Sahayadhas; Murugappan Murugappan

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, driver drowsiness has been one of the major causes of road accidents and can lead to severe physical injuries, deaths and significant economic losses. Statistics indicate the need of a reliable driver drowsiness detection system which could alert the driver before a mishap happens. Researchers have attempted to determine driver drowsiness using the following measures: (1) vehicle-based measures; (2) behavioral measures and (3) physiological measures. A detailed review on thes...

  16. AMNIOTIC FLUID EMBOLISM: AN EVIDENCE-BASED REVIEW

    OpenAIRE

    Conde-Agudelo, Agustin; Romero, Roberto

    2009-01-01

    We conducted an evidence-based review of information bout amniotic fluid embolism (AFE). The estimated incidence of AFE is 1:15,200 and 1:53,800 deliveries in North America and Europe, respectively. The case fatality rate and perinatal mortality associated with AFE are 13–30% and 9–44%, respectively. Risk factors associated with an increased risk of AFE include advanced maternal age, placental abnormalities, operative deliveries, eclampsia, polyhydramnios, cervical lacerations, and uterine ru...

  17. Management of REM sleep behavior disorder: An evidence based review

    OpenAIRE

    Preeti Devnani; Racheal Fernandes

    2015-01-01

    Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is characterized by dream enactment behavior resulting from a loss of REM skeletal muscle atonia. The neurobiology of REM sleep and the characteristic features of REM atonia have an important basis for understanding the aggravating etiologies the proposed pharmacological interventions in its management. This review outlines the evidence for behavioral and therapeutic measures along with evidence-based guidelines for their implementation, ...

  18. Hypertriglyceridemia-induced pancreatitis: A case-based review

    OpenAIRE

    Gan, S. Ian; Edwards, Alun L.; Symonds, Christopher J; Beck, Paul L.

    2006-01-01

    Hypertriglyceridemia is an established cause of pancreatitis. In a case-based approach, we present a review of hypertriglyceridemia and how it can cause pancreatitis. We outline how to investigate and manage such patients. A 35 year old man presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain and biochemical evidence of acute pancreatitis. There was no history of alcohol consumption and biliary imaging was normal. The only relevant past medical history was that of mild hyperlipidemia, tr...

  19. OPEN INNOVATION AND COST BASED DECISION MAKING MECHANISMS: A REVIEW

    OpenAIRE

    RAJIB Salah; FAN Luo; KUMARA Emil

    2012-01-01

    Open innovation has received a considerable focus nowadays. The increasing volume of research on Open innovation (OI) indicates the interest about open innovation. But, still the cost of OI is unrevealed. Researchers are still working on the specification of OI. It seems that the determination of cost of OI is hardly possible in absolute figure. It seems plausible that proactive approach will be matched well with the concept of OI. Hence, OI has been reviewed with mechanisms of cost based dec...

  20. Enzyme-based electrochemical biosensors for food safety: a review

    OpenAIRE

    Kumar, Harish

    2016-01-01

    Harish Kumar, Rani Neelam Electrochemistry Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Chaudhary Devi Lal University, Sirsa, Haryana, India Abstract: In recent years, food storage environment safety has been a major concern for food and health scientists. There is growing interest in electrochemical biosensors due to their high sensitivity and rapid response. The aim of this review article is to provide details regarding the development of enzyme-based electrochemical biosensors, and their use in t...

  1. Scrum Board Game

    Science.gov (United States)

    van den Oord, Stefan; van de Goor, Wim

    The Scrum Board Game is a workshop for beginners. It is for people with any role (customer, developer, tester, etc.), who don’t exactly know what a Scrum Board is, or how to create one themselves. The workshop teaches the benefits of a Scrum Board, how to use it, and how to introduce it in projects.

  2. Training Circuit Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-01-01

    Young Electronics Company's new product is a testboard developed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory as a tool for training and qualifying personnel in board assembly and in the art of soldering components without damaging boards or components. The boards are used for pre- employment testing and employee requalification.

  3. Narrow ionization troughs in the F region according to measurements on board the Kosmos-900 satellite and their comparison with ground-based ionospheric data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results of measurements of narrow ionization trough in the F region of the ionosphere on board the Kosmos-900 satellite are given. It is found that detection of narrow ionization troughs is always followed by a sharp electron temperature increase in the same narrow latitudinal regions. According to the simultaneaous ground-based and satellite measurements while flying near the meridian of the Yakut station series it is shown that at the moments of detection of the narrow ionization troughs in the ionograms of the terrestrial ionosphere of the station there appears extra reflection traces from the F region. These traces are interpreted as formation of a narrow ionization trough in the F region detected according to the ground-based ionospheric measurement data

  4. Note: A disposable x-ray camera based on mass produced complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor sensors and single-board computers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoidn, Oliver R.; Seidler, Gerald T.

    2015-08-01

    We have integrated mass-produced commercial complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) image sensors and off-the-shelf single-board computers into an x-ray camera platform optimized for acquisition of x-ray spectra and radiographs at energies of 2-6 keV. The CMOS sensor and single-board computer are complemented by custom mounting and interface hardware that can be easily acquired from rapid prototyping services. For single-pixel detection events, i.e., events where the deposited energy from one photon is substantially localized in a single pixel, we establish ˜20% quantum efficiency at 2.6 keV with ˜190 eV resolution and a 100 kHz maximum detection rate. The detector platform's useful intrinsic energy resolution, 5-μm pixel size, ease of use, and obvious potential for parallelization make it a promising candidate for many applications at synchrotron facilities, in laser-heating plasma physics studies, and in laboratory-based x-ray spectrometry.

  5. Note: A disposable x-ray camera based on mass produced complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor sensors and single-board computers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoidn, Oliver R; Seidler, Gerald T

    2015-08-01

    We have integrated mass-produced commercial complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) image sensors and off-the-shelf single-board computers into an x-ray camera platform optimized for acquisition of x-ray spectra and radiographs at energies of 2-6 keV. The CMOS sensor and single-board computer are complemented by custom mounting and interface hardware that can be easily acquired from rapid prototyping services. For single-pixel detection events, i.e., events where the deposited energy from one photon is substantially localized in a single pixel, we establish ∼20% quantum efficiency at 2.6 keV with ∼190 eV resolution and a 100 kHz maximum detection rate. The detector platform's useful intrinsic energy resolution, 5-μm pixel size, ease of use, and obvious potential for parallelization make it a promising candidate for many applications at synchrotron facilities, in laser-heating plasma physics studies, and in laboratory-based x-ray spectrometry. PMID:26329247

  6. Note: A disposable x-ray camera based on mass produced complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor sensors and single-board computers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have integrated mass-produced commercial complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) image sensors and off-the-shelf single-board computers into an x-ray camera platform optimized for acquisition of x-ray spectra and radiographs at energies of 2–6 keV. The CMOS sensor and single-board computer are complemented by custom mounting and interface hardware that can be easily acquired from rapid prototyping services. For single-pixel detection events, i.e., events where the deposited energy from one photon is substantially localized in a single pixel, we establish ∼20% quantum efficiency at 2.6 keV with ∼190 eV resolution and a 100 kHz maximum detection rate. The detector platform’s useful intrinsic energy resolution, 5-μm pixel size, ease of use, and obvious potential for parallelization make it a promising candidate for many applications at synchrotron facilities, in laser-heating plasma physics studies, and in laboratory-based x-ray spectrometry

  7. Note: A disposable x-ray camera based on mass produced complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor sensors and single-board computers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoidn, Oliver R.; Seidler, Gerald T., E-mail: seidler@uw.edu [Physics Department, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)

    2015-08-15

    We have integrated mass-produced commercial complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) image sensors and off-the-shelf single-board computers into an x-ray camera platform optimized for acquisition of x-ray spectra and radiographs at energies of 2–6 keV. The CMOS sensor and single-board computer are complemented by custom mounting and interface hardware that can be easily acquired from rapid prototyping services. For single-pixel detection events, i.e., events where the deposited energy from one photon is substantially localized in a single pixel, we establish ∼20% quantum efficiency at 2.6 keV with ∼190 eV resolution and a 100 kHz maximum detection rate. The detector platform’s useful intrinsic energy resolution, 5-μm pixel size, ease of use, and obvious potential for parallelization make it a promising candidate for many applications at synchrotron facilities, in laser-heating plasma physics studies, and in laboratory-based x-ray spectrometry.

  8. Electroencephalography (EEG) Based Control in Assistive Mobile Robots: A Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krishnan, N. Murali; Mariappan, Muralindran; Muthukaruppan, Karthigayan; Hijazi, Mohd Hanafi Ahmad; Kitt, Wong Wei

    2016-03-01

    Recently, EEG based control in assistive robot usage has been gradually increasing in the area of biomedical field for giving quality and stress free life for disabled and elderly people. This study reviews the deployment of EGG based control in assistive robots, especially for those who in need and neurologically disabled. The main objective of this paper is to describe the methods used for (i) EEG data acquisition and signal preprocessing, (ii) feature extraction and (iii) signal classification methods. Besides that, this study presents the specific research challenges in the designing of these control systems and future research directions.

  9. A Review of Router based Congestion Control Algorithms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vandana Kushwaha

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a study of Router based Congestion control approaches in wired network. As network is considered as a distributed system, any problem arises in such a system requires a distributed solution. Thus for good congestion control in the network we also need a solution distributed at source as well as router ends. The purpose of this study is to review the router based Congestion control research for wired network and characterize the different approaches to Congestion control design, by considering their advantages and limitations.

  10. MiBoard: Multiplayer Interactive Board Game

    CERN Document Server

    Dempsey, Kyle B; Jackson, G Tanner; Boonthum, Chutima; Levinstein, Irwin B; McNamara, Danielle S

    2010-01-01

    Serious games have recently emerged as an avenue for curriculum delivery. Serious games incorporate motivation and entertainment while providing pointed curriculum for the user. This paper presents a serious game, called MiBoard, currently being developed from the iSTART Intelligent Tutoring System. MiBoard incorporates a multiplayer interaction that iSTART was previously unable to provide. This multiplayer interaction produces a wide variation across game trials, while also increasing the repeat playability for users. This paper presents a demonstration of the MiBoard system and the expectations for its application.

  11. 多元化企业董事会战略介入有效性研究——基于董事会能力的视角%Study on Board Strategic Involvement Effects for Diversified Firms ——Based on Board Ability Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李国栋; 薛有志

    2012-01-01

    针对多元化战略管理需要,分析了董事会战略介入对企业多元化经营绩效的影响,并探讨了董事会专业能力和关系能力对董事会多元化战略介入价值效应的影响。实证研究表明,董事会战略介入有助于提高企业多元化经营业绩,而且董事会专业能力有助于提升董事会战略介入效应,适当的董事会关系能力特别是政治关系能力也有助于正向促进董事会战略介入的有效性,研究结果对于指导董事会战略介入具有重要的实践意义。%Based on the diversification strategy management characteristics, the study analyzes the influence of board strategicinvolvement on performance. The empirical study suggests that board strategic involvement is beneficial for operating performance, fur- thermore board professional ability is helpful to improve strategic involvement effects, and appropriate board relationship ability espe- cially politics relationship construction ability can play an important positive effects. The research results are helpful in guiding board strategic involvement.

  12. Analysis Of Traffic Conditions Based On The Percentage Of Drivers Using The Instructions Displayed On VMS Boards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leszek Smolarek

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The theme of the publication is to show the influence of human factor on traffic conditions during the traffic incident. The publication also depicts the functionality of the model at which the simulation was performed. The model was constructed in the VISSIM and VISUM software also using Visual Basic for Applications – Excel, [8,9]. By coordinating programs VBA and VISSIM was automated turned on or off the incident as well as turned on or off the VMS with information about the proposed of the alternative route. The additional differentiation of the percentage of drivers using the information displayed enabled to compare the data with identical external conditions influencing at traffic. For statistical analysis of data was used statistical program Statgraphics Centurion which made possible to build a model describing the impact of the behavior of drivers on traffic conditions. It is an innovative approach to modeling the impact on traffic conditions accepted by drivers information transmitted on the boards.

  13. Democratic Republic of the Congo; Second Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Extended Credit Facility and Financing Assurances Review—Staff Report; Staff Supplement; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Democratic Republic of the Congo

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2011-01-01

    The IMF’s Executive Board completed the first review under the Extended Credit Facility (ECF) arrangement in June 2010 and decided that the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) had reached the completion point under the Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative. In 2010, an improvement in global economic conditions supported strong macroeconomic performance; however, weaknesses in the financial sector were also exposed. The authorities recognized the importance of strengtheni...

  14. Governing Board of the Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    The Governing Board of the Pension Fund held its one-hundred-and-twenty-seventh meeting on 4, 5 and 6 October. During the meeting, the Governing Board heard a report by the actuary on the Actuarial Review as at 1 January 2004. The Governing Board then examined the conclusions to be drawn and the action to be taken as a result of the Review. During its first half-day meeting the Board heard a report on the meetings of the CERN Finance Committee and Council on 15 and 16 September. As a result, the Board asked its Chairman to consult the President of the CERN Council in order to find out about the terms of reference and the composition of the working group on pensions set up by the Council. Next the Board examined a request for compensation to the Fund for the reduction in active members between 2001 and 2003. It was the third such request which the Governing Board would be making to the CERN Council following the latter's 1995 decision to reduce staff numbers. The request related to the previous three years (...

  15. Boards to combine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maggs, William Ward

    The National Research Council's Board on Earth Sciences and the Board on Mineral and Energy Resources were eliminated during the summer by a decision of the Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources, which oversees both bodies, and Frank Press, president of the National Academy of Sciences. The responsibilities of the two boards will be merged into a Board on Earth Sciences and Resources, not yet formed.Raphael Kasper, executive director of the Commission, said that the boards were dissolved for two reasons. “There's been a general trend within the Academy toward bringing together the pure and applied branches of particular sciences.” BES had dealt largely with basic Earth science research, while BMER had addressed questions related to mineral resources, land use, and public policy. The Space Science Board and the Space Applications Board, also under the jurisdiction of the Commission, were combined this fall into a single body (Eos, October 18, p. 961).

  16. Sustainable development based energy policy making frameworks, a critical review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper, in the first step, presents an overview of the origination and formulation of sustainable development (SD) concept and the related policy making frameworks. The frameworks include Pressure–State–Response (PSR), Driving Force–State–Response (DSR), Driving Force–Pressure–State–Impact–Response (DPSIR), Driving Force–Pressure–State–Effect–Action (DPSEA) and Driving Force-Pressure-State-Exposure-Effect-Action (DPSEEA). In this regard, 40 case studies using the reviewed frameworks reported during 1994–2011 are surveyed. Then, their application area and application intensity are investigated. It is concluded that PSR, and DPSEA and DPSEEA have the higher and lower application intensities, respectively. Moreover, using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) with a set of criteria, it is shown that PSR and DPSIR have the highest and lowest priorities. Finally, the shortcomings of frameworks applications are discussed. The paper is helpful in selecting appropriate policy making frameworks and presents some hints for future research in the area for developing more comprehensive models especially for sustainable electric energy policy making. - Highlights: ► The origination and formulation of sustainable development (SD) concept is reviewed. ► SD based frameworks (PSR, DSR, DPSIR, DPSEA and DPSEEA) are also reviewed. ► Then, the frameworks application area and intensity in recent years are investigated. ► Finally, the SD concept and the SD based frameworks are criticized. ► It will be helpful for developing more comprehensive energy policy making models.

  17. 75 FR 22559 - Federal Advisory Committee; Air University Board of Visitors; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-29

    ... of the Secretary Federal Advisory Committee; Air University Board of Visitors; Charter Renewal AGENCY... the charter for the Air University Board of Visitors (hereafter referred to as the Board). FOR FURTHER... activities of Air University. The Board shall: a. Review and evaluate the progress of the...

  18. Predicting School Board Member Incumbent Defeat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lutz, Frank W.; Hunt, Brook P.

    Researchers attempted to predict the defeat of school board incumbents, using variables which had already been shown to account for incumbent defeat in statistical analyses performed after board elections in many different states. A global model was constructed based on 20 social, economic, and political variables as well as on school districts'…

  19. On the Internationalization of Corporate Boards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oxelheim, Lars; Gregoric, Aleksandra; Randøy, Ttrond

    Despite the global reach of their commercial activities, many multinational firms have proved slow in internationalizing their boards of directors. Based on a panel study of the internationalization of the boards of 347 non-financial firms from the Nordic countries, we find a higher fraction of i...

  20. Quality assessment of TPB-based questionnaires: a systematic review.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Obiageli Crystal Oluka

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: This review is aimed at assessing the quality of questionnaires and their development process based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB change model. METHODS: A systematic literature search for studies with the primary aim of TPB-based questionnaire development was conducted in relevant databases between 2002 and 2012 using selected search terms. Ten of 1,034 screened abstracts met the inclusion criteria and were assessed for methodological quality using two different appraisal tools: one for the overall methodological quality of each study and the other developed for the appraisal of the questionnaire content and development process. Both appraisal tools consisted of items regarding the likelihood of bias in each study and were eventually combined to give the overall quality score for each included study. RESULTS: 8 of the 10 included studies showed low risk of bias in the overall quality assessment of each study, while 9 of the studies were of high quality based on the quality appraisal of questionnaire content and development process. CONCLUSION: Quality appraisal of the questionnaires in the 10 reviewed studies was successfully conducted, highlighting the top problem areas (including: sample size estimation; inclusion of direct and indirect measures; and inclusion of questions on demographics in the development of TPB-based questionnaires and the need for researchers to provide a more detailed account of their development process.

  1. Clinical TVA-based studies: a general review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas eHabekost

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In combination with whole report and partial report tasks, the Theory of Visual Attention (TVA can be used to estimate individual differences in five basic attentional parameters: The visual processing speed, the storage capacity of visual short-term memory, the perceptual threshold, the efficiency of top-down selectivity, and the spatial bias of attentional weighting. TVA-based assessment has been used in about 30 studies to investigate attentional deficits in a range of neurological and psychiatric conditions: (a neglect and simultanagnosia, (b reading disturbances, (c aging and neurodegenerative diseases, and most recently (d neurodevelopmental disorders. The article introduces TVA based assessment, discusses its methodology and psychometric properties, and reviews the progress made in each of the four research fields. The empirical results demonstrate the general usefulness of TVA-based assessment for many types of clinical neuropsychological research. The method’s most important qualities are cognitive specificity and theoretical grounding, but it is also characterized by good reliability and sensitivity to minor deficits. The review concludes by pointing to promising new areas for clinical TVA-based research.

  2. Agent-based simulation of electricity markets : a literature review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The electricity sector in Europe and North America is undergoing considerable changes as a result of deregulation, issues related to climate change, and the integration of renewable resources within the electricity grid. This article reviewed agent-based simulation methods of analyzing electricity markets. The paper provided an analysis of research currently being conducted on electricity market designs and examined methods of modelling agent decisions. Methods of coupling long term and short term decisions were also reviewed. Issues related to single and multiple market analysis methods were discussed, as well as different approaches to integrating agent-based models with models of other commodities. The integration of transmission constraints within agent-based models was also discussed, and methods of measuring market efficiency were evaluated. Other topics examined in the paper included approaches to integrating investment decisions, carbon dioxide (CO2) trading, and renewable support schemes. It was concluded that agent-based models serve as a test bed for the electricity sector, and will help to provide insights for future policy decisions. 74 refs., 6 figs

  3. The Sea Ice Board Game

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertram, Kathryn Berry

    2008-01-01

    The National Science Foundation-funded Arctic Climate Modeling Program (ACMP) provides "curriculum resource-based professional development" materials that combine current science information with practical classroom instruction embedded with "best practice" techniques for teaching science to diverse students. The Sea Ice Board Game, described…

  4. Boot Camps for Charter Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kronholz, June

    2015-01-01

    This article addresses the question of who owns the responsibility when a charter school gets into trouble--when its students aren't learning, or it misses its enrollment targets, or money runs short, or it closes. Upon presenting this question to a director of a charter school, a board member, and a Massachusetts-based education consultant and…

  5. Gastrointestinal Tumor Board: An Evolving Experience in Tehran Cancer Institute

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peiman Haddad

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Gastrointestinal (GI cancers are a significant source of morbidity and mortality in Iran, with stomach adenocarcinoma as the most common cancer in men and the second common cancer in women. Also, some parts of Northern Iran have one of the highest incidences of esophageal cancer in the world. Multi-disciplinary organ-based joint clinics and tumor boards are a well-recognized necessity for modern treatment of cancer and are routinely utilized in developed countries, especially in major academic centres. But this concept is relatively new in developing countries, where cancer treatment centres are burdened by huge loads of patients and have to cope with a suboptimum availability of resources and facilities. Cancer Institute of Tehran University of Medical Sciences is the oldest and the only comprehensive cancer treatment centre in Iran, with a long tradition of a general tumor board for all cancers. But with the requirements of modern oncology, there has been a very welcome attention to sub-specialized organ-based tumor boards and joint clinics here in the past few years. Considering this, we started a multi-disciplinary tumor board for GI cancers in our institute in early 2010 as the first such endeavor here. We hereby review this 2-year evolving experience. The process of establishment of a GI tumor board, participations from different oncology disciplines and related specialties, the cancers presented and discussed in the 2 years of this tumor board, the general intents of treatment for the decisions made and the development of interest in this tumor board among the Tehran oncology community will be reviewed. The GI tumor board of Tehran Cancer Institute started its work in January 2010, with routine weekly sessions. A core group of 2 physicians from each surgical, radiation and medical oncology departments plus one gastroenterologist, GI pathologist and radiologist was formed, but participation from all interested physicians was encouraged. An

  6. Vitamin E and wound healing: an evidence-based review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hobson, Rachel

    2016-06-01

    Vitamin E has been demonstrated to modulate cellular signalling, gene expression and affect wounds infected with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), thus influencing wound healing. This evidence-based review aimed to identify and evaluate current research assessing the properties of vitamin E in relation to wound healing, through its role as an antioxidant and its influence on connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), MRSA and gene transcription. Literature dated from 1996 to 2012, published in English, involving either animals or adult humans with an acute or chronic wound were included. The databases that contained relevant articles were narrowed down to four, and a total of 33 identified studies were included. The literature review revealed that there is a significant dearth of robust studies establishing the effects of vitamin E on wound healing, and further research is clearly warranted. PMID:25124164

  7. Controlling electronics boards with PVSS

    CERN Document Server

    Jacobsson, Richard

    2005-01-01

    This paper addresses several aspects of implementing a control system for electronics boards in order to perform remote Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) programming, hardware configuration, register control, and monitoring, as well as interfacing it to an expert system. The paper presents an implementation, using the Distributed Information Management (DIM) package and the industrial SCADA system PVSS II from ETM, in which the access mechanisms to the board resources are completely generic and in which the device prescription and the handling of mapping between functional parameters and physical registers follow a common structure independent of the board type. The control system also incorporates mechanisms by which it may be controlled from a finite state machine based expert system. Finally the paper suggests an improvement in which the mapping between logical parameters and physical registers is represented by descriptors in the device description such that the translation can be handled by a common m...

  8. Web-based oil immersion whole slide imaging increases efficiency and clinical team satisfaction in hematopathology tumor board

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhongchuan Will Chen

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Whole slide imaging (WSI is widely used for education and research, but is increasingly being used to streamline clinical workflow. We present our experience with regard to satisfaction and time utilization using oil immersion WSI for presentation of blood/marrow aspirate smears, core biopsies, and tissue sections in hematology/oncology tumor board/treatment planning conferences (TPC. Methods: Lymph nodes and bone marrow core biopsies were scanned at ×20 magnification and blood/marrow smears at 83X under oil immersion and uploaded to an online library with areas of interest to be displayed annotated digitally via web browser. Pathologist time required to prepare slides for scanning was compared to that required to prepare for microscope projection (MP. Time required to present cases during TPC was also compared. A 10-point evaluation survey was used to assess clinician satisfaction with each presentation method. Results: There was no significant difference in hematopathologist preparation time between WSI and MP. However, presentation time was significantly less for WSI compared to MP as selection and annotation of slides was done prior to TPC with WSI, enabling more efficient use of TPC presentation time. Survey results showed a significant increase in satisfaction by clinical attendees with regard to image quality, efficiency of presentation of pertinent findings, aid in clinical decision-making, and overall satisfaction regarding pathology presentation. A majority of respondents also noted decreased motion sickness with WSI. Conclusions: Whole slide imaging, particularly with the ability to use oil scanning, provides higher quality images compared to MP and significantly increases clinician satisfaction. WSI streamlines preparation for TPC by permitting prior slide selection, resulting in greater efficiency during TPC presentation.

  9. A literature review of email-based telemedicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caffery, Liam J; Smith, Anthony C

    2010-01-01

    A structured analysis of peer-reviewed literature about the delivery of health services by email was undertaken for this review. A total of 185 articles were included in the analysis. These articles were thematically categorised for medical specialty, participants, sub-topic, study design and service-delivery application. It was shown that email-based telemedicine can be practiced in a large number of medical specialties and has application in primary consultation, second opinion consultation, telediagnosis and administrative roles (e.g. e-referral). Email has niche applications in low-bandwidth, image-based specialties (e.g. dermatology, pathology, wound care and ophthalmology) where attached digital camera images were used for telediagnosis. Diagnostic accuracy of these images was the predominant topic of research and results show email as a valid means of delivering these medical services. Email is also often used in general practice as an adjunct for face-to-face consultation. Further, a number of organisations have significantly improved the efficiency of their outpatient services when using email as a triage or e-referral system. Email-based telemedicine provides specialist medical opinion in the majority of reviewed services and is most likely to be instigated by the patient's primary care giver. However, email-consultations between patient and primary care and patient and secondary care are not uncommon. Most email services are implemented using ordinary email. However, a number of organisations have developed purpose-written email applications to support their telemedicine service due to impediments of using ordinary email. These impediments include lack of management tools for: the allocation and auditing of cases for a timely response and the co-ordination of effort in a multi-clinician, multi-disciplinary service. The ability to encrypt ordinary email thereby securing patient confidentiality is also regarded as difficult when using ordinary email. Hence

  10. An evidence-based review of dental matrix systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owens, Barry M; Phebus, Jeffrey G

    2016-01-01

    The restoration of proximal surface cavities, originating from Class II carious lesions, to "normal" anatomical specifications is a fundamental objective for the dental practitioner. Cognitive interpretation of tooth morphology attained from evidence-based resources, together with the necessary psychomotor skills for correct design and completion, are considered essential strategies for restoration success. Also, the visualization of the original tooth structure, if present, should substantially benefit the dentist in the creation of a clinically satisfactory restoration. The purpose of this evidence-based review is to define the cause and effect of decisions based on optimum treatment standards of care for the patient. The concepts of form and function, as related to the oral environment, and the consequences of unsatisfactory dental restorative care will be scrutinized. This article will identify and explain the different challenges and solutions for restoration of dental proximal lesions and provide an overview of past, present, and future procedures. PMID:27599285

  11. Turkey; Second Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement-Staff Report; Staff Statement; News Brief on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Authorities of Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2002-01-01

    This paper evaluates Turkey’s Second Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement (SBA). Since the completion of the Article IV Consultation and the first review in April 2002, macroeconomic policies have remained in line with the program. All quantitative performance criteria for end-March and end-April have been met. In light of continued strong program implementation, the IMF staff recommends the completion of the second review. Strict implementation has already produced tangible economic gains...

  12. Using computer-based training to facilitate radiation protection review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In a national laboratory setting, it is necessary to provide radiation protection overview and training to diverse parts of the laboratory population. This includes employees at research reactors, accelerators, waste facilities, radiochemical isotope processing, and analytical laboratories, among others. In addition, our own radiation protection and monitoring staffs must be trained. To assist in the implementation of this full range of training, ORNL has purchased prepackaged computer-based training in health physics and technical mathematics with training modules that can be selected from many topics. By selection of specific modules, appropriate radiation protection review packages can be determined to meet many individual program needs. Because our radiation protection personnel must have some previous radiation protection experience or the equivalent of an associate's degree in radiation protection for entry level, the computer-based training will serve primarily as review of major principles. Others may need very specific prior training to make the computer-based training effective in their work situations. 4 refs

  13. A Review of Carbon Nanotubes-Based Gas Sensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yun Wang

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Gas sensors have attracted intensive research interest due to the demand of sensitive, fast response, and stable sensors for industry, environmental monitoring, biomedicine, and so forth. The development of nanotechnology has created huge potential to build highly sensitive, low cost, portable sensors with low power consumption. The extremely high surface-to-volume ratio and hollow structure of nanomaterials is ideal for the adsorption of gas molecules. Particularly, the advent of carbon nanotubes (CNTs has fuelled the inventions of gas sensors that exploit CNTs' unique geometry, morphology, and material properties. Upon exposure to certain gases, the changes in CNTs' properties can be detected by various methods. Therefore, CNTs-based gas sensors and their mechanisms have been widely studied recently. In this paper, a broad but yet in-depth survey of current CNTs-based gas sensing technology is presented. Both experimental works and theoretical simulations are reviewed. The design, fabrication, and the sensing mechanisms of the CNTs-based gas sensors are discussed. The challenges and perspectives of the research are also addressed in this review.

  14. Official News - Governing Board of the Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    The Governing Board of the Pension Fund held its one-hundred-and-fiftieth meeting on 24 January 2007. The Chairman, Professor F. Ferrini, welcomed the new elected members, M. Goossens and H. Vestergard, and the new observer for the pensioners, J.-C. Gouache. He also welcomed Mrs D. Duret and Mr S. Lettow, announcing that, at its December 2006 session, the Council had appointed them as Vice-Chairmen of the Board, as proposed by the latter at its 148th meeting on 28 November 2006. The Governing Board also appointed Mrs Duret Chairman of the Working Group on Actuarial Matters, whose task it will be to prepare the next three-yearly actuarial review based on data as at 1.1.2007. Finally, the Chairman informed the Board that the Council had appointed him Chairman ad interim of the Fund's Investment Committee. The Chairman then reported on the other decisions taken by the Council at its December 2006 session, noting in particular that a Council Study Group had been set up to elaborate a new governance structure fo...

  15. Microfiber-Based Bragg Gratings for Sensing Applications: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun-Long Kou

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Microfiber-based Bragg gratings (MFBGs are an emerging concept in ultra-small optical fiber sensors. They have attracted great attention among researchers in the fiber sensing area because of their large evanescent field and compactness. In this review, the basic techniques for the fabrication of MFBGs are introduced first. Then, the sensing properties and applications of MFBGs are discussed, including measurement of refractive index (RI, temperature, and strain/force. Finally a summary of selected MFBG sensing elements from previous literature are tabulated.

  16. RULE-BASED SENTIMENT ANALYSIS OF UKRAINIAN REVIEWS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Romanyshyn

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Last decade witnessed a lot of research in the field of sentiment analysis. Understanding the attitude and the emotions that people express in written text proved to be really important and helpful in sociology, political science, psychology, market research, and, of course, artificial intelligence. This paper demonstrates a rule-based approach to clause-level sentiment analysis of reviews in Ukrainian. The general architecture of the implemented sentiment analysis system is presented, the current stage of research is described and further work is explained. The main emphasis is made on the design of rules for computing sentiments.

  17. CDFVME -- Software framework for testing VME boards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    New VME based boards are being produced for the Run II of the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF). These boards are being developed and tested at both Fermilab and offsite institutions. A software framework called CDFVME has been developed in which DAQ code can be easily written to control such boards in a test stand. The framework has been used to perform diagnostics at single board, multi-board, and multi-crate levels. This software framework runs on Unix, Linux and Windows NT platforms with a Java GUI communicating via LAN to multiple intelligent front end VME crates. All distributed processes are managed by a custom CORBA based software. The system has been ported to Motorola 68K and PPC front end processors running the VxWorks real-time kernel [1

  18. Nanoparticle-based assays in automated flow systems: A review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Passos, Marieta L.C. [LAQV, REQUIMTE, Departamento de Ciências Químicas, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade do Porto, Rua Jorge Viterbo Ferreira, n° 228, 4050-313 Porto (Portugal); Pinto, Paula C.A.G., E-mail: ppinto@ff.up.pt [LAQV, REQUIMTE, Departamento de Ciências Químicas, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade do Porto, Rua Jorge Viterbo Ferreira, n° 228, 4050-313 Porto (Portugal); Santos, João L.M., E-mail: joaolms@ff.up.pt [LAQV, REQUIMTE, Departamento de Ciências Químicas, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade do Porto, Rua Jorge Viterbo Ferreira, n° 228, 4050-313 Porto (Portugal); Saraiva, M. Lúcia M.F.S., E-mail: lsaraiva@ff.up.pt [LAQV, REQUIMTE, Departamento de Ciências Químicas, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade do Porto, Rua Jorge Viterbo Ferreira, n° 228, 4050-313 Porto (Portugal); Araujo, André R.T.S. [LAQV, REQUIMTE, Departamento de Ciências Químicas, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade do Porto, Rua Jorge Viterbo Ferreira, n° 228, 4050-313 Porto (Portugal); Unidade de Investigação para o Desenvolvimento do Interior, Instituto Politécnico da Guarda, Av. Dr. Francisco de Sá Carneiro, n° 50, 6300-559 Guarda (Portugal)

    2015-08-19

    Nanoparticles (NPs) exhibit a number of distinctive and entrancing properties that explain their ever increasing application in analytical chemistry, mainly as chemosensors, signaling tags, catalysts, analytical signal enhancers, reactive species generators, analyte recognition and scavenging/separation entities. The prospect of associating NPs with automated flow-based analytical is undoubtedly a challenging perspective as it would permit confined, cost-effective and reliable analysis, within a shorter timeframe, while exploiting the features of NPs. This article aims at examining state-of-the-art on continuous flow analysis and microfluidic approaches involving NPs such as noble metals (gold and silver), magnetic materials, carbon, silica or quantum dots. Emphasis is devoted to NP format, main practical achievements and fields of application. In this context, the functionalization of NPs with distinct chemical species and ligands is debated in what concerns the motivations and strengths of developed approaches. The utilization of NPs to improve detector's performance in electrochemical application is out of the scope of this review. The works discussed in this review were published in the period of time comprised between the years 2000 and 2013. - Highlights: • The state of the art of flowing stream systems comprising NPs was reviewed. • The use of different types of nanoparticles in each flow technique is discussed. • The most expressive and profitable applications are summarized. • The main conclusions and future perspectives were compiled in the final section.

  19. Nanoparticle-based assays in automated flow systems: A review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nanoparticles (NPs) exhibit a number of distinctive and entrancing properties that explain their ever increasing application in analytical chemistry, mainly as chemosensors, signaling tags, catalysts, analytical signal enhancers, reactive species generators, analyte recognition and scavenging/separation entities. The prospect of associating NPs with automated flow-based analytical is undoubtedly a challenging perspective as it would permit confined, cost-effective and reliable analysis, within a shorter timeframe, while exploiting the features of NPs. This article aims at examining state-of-the-art on continuous flow analysis and microfluidic approaches involving NPs such as noble metals (gold and silver), magnetic materials, carbon, silica or quantum dots. Emphasis is devoted to NP format, main practical achievements and fields of application. In this context, the functionalization of NPs with distinct chemical species and ligands is debated in what concerns the motivations and strengths of developed approaches. The utilization of NPs to improve detector's performance in electrochemical application is out of the scope of this review. The works discussed in this review were published in the period of time comprised between the years 2000 and 2013. - Highlights: • The state of the art of flowing stream systems comprising NPs was reviewed. • The use of different types of nanoparticles in each flow technique is discussed. • The most expressive and profitable applications are summarized. • The main conclusions and future perspectives were compiled in the final section

  20. Metamaterials-based enhanced energy harvesting: A review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Zhongsheng, E-mail: czs_study@sina.com; Guo, Bin; Yang, Yongmin; Cheng, Congcong

    2014-04-01

    Advances in low power design open the possibility to harvest ambient energies to power directly the electronics or recharge a secondary battery. The key parameter of an energy harvesting (EH) device is its efficiency, which strongly depends on the conversion medium. To address this issue, metamaterials, artificial materials and structures with exotic properties, have been introduced for EH in recent years. They possess unique properties not easily achieved using naturally occurring materials, such as negative stiffness, mass, Poisson's ratio, and refractive index. The goal of this paper is to review the fundamentals, recent progresses and future directions in the field of metamaterials-based enhanced energy harvesting. An introduction on EH followed by the classification of potential metamaterials for EH is presented. A number of theoretical and experimental studies on metamaterials-based EH are outlined, including phononic crystals, acoustic metamaterials, and electromagnetic metamaterials. Finally, we give an outlook on future directions of metamaterials-based energy harvesting research including but not limited to active metamaterials-based EH, metamaterials-based thermal EH, and metamaterials-based multifunctional EH capabilities.

  1. Metamaterials-based enhanced energy harvesting: A review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Advances in low power design open the possibility to harvest ambient energies to power directly the electronics or recharge a secondary battery. The key parameter of an energy harvesting (EH) device is its efficiency, which strongly depends on the conversion medium. To address this issue, metamaterials, artificial materials and structures with exotic properties, have been introduced for EH in recent years. They possess unique properties not easily achieved using naturally occurring materials, such as negative stiffness, mass, Poisson's ratio, and refractive index. The goal of this paper is to review the fundamentals, recent progresses and future directions in the field of metamaterials-based enhanced energy harvesting. An introduction on EH followed by the classification of potential metamaterials for EH is presented. A number of theoretical and experimental studies on metamaterials-based EH are outlined, including phononic crystals, acoustic metamaterials, and electromagnetic metamaterials. Finally, we give an outlook on future directions of metamaterials-based energy harvesting research including but not limited to active metamaterials-based EH, metamaterials-based thermal EH, and metamaterials-based multifunctional EH capabilities.

  2. Criteria Based Case Review: The Parent Child Psychological Support Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar Bujia-Couso

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The Parent Child Psychological Support Program (PCPS was established in an area of South West Dublin in 2001. Since then until May 2008 it has offered its services to over 700 children and their parents. This preventative, parenting support service is available to all parents of children aged 3 to 18 months within its catchment area. During periodical visits, the infant’s development and growth are measured and parents receive specific information about their child’s progress. Parents are empowered in their parenting practices, thus promoting consistency and synchrony in parent-child interaction. Between 2001 and 2006, 538 parents and their infants participated in the Program. Out of these cases, 130 (24.16% were considered to require additional support and were included in the Monthly Meeting Case Review (MM based on initial concerns The aims of this study were: 1. to review the first five years of MM cases and to explore the socio-demographic profile of the MM cases in comparison to those not in need of additional support (non-MM and 2. To illustrate an approach to refining the case review process which will inform practice and provides the service providers with better understanding of the early detection of parent-child relation difficulties. In pursuing this goal the cases screened over five years of practice were analyzed to explore the structure of the different factors by using statistical techniques of data reduction, i.e. factor analysis. The results showed that the MM group differed on several socio-demographic dimensions from the non-MM group and there was a four factor structure underlying the case review decision process. Implications of this research are discussed.

  3. In Situ Gamma Irradiation and Thermal Treatment Effects on the Static Bending Properties of Particle boards Based on Waste Materials and Different Adhesives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Particle boards based on different waste materials and different polymers as adhesives have been prepared by compression molding in a hot press at 120 degree and constant pressure. The used waste materials were cotton stalks, flax stalks and wood saw-dust whereas urea formaldehyde (UF), polystyrene (PS) and the epoxy resins 103 (E 103) and 150 (E 150) were used as adhesives. The thermally treated particleboard woods were subsequently exposed to gamma radiation. The static bending parameters of the different factors that may affect the mechanical properties such as irradiation dose, time of thermal treatment and adhesive content were also investigated. In general it was found that the highest mechanical properties of the unirradiated woods were obtained when the preparation was carried out under hot press for 20 min and the adhesive content was 20 wt.% (based on weight of waste material). The obtained results showed that the mechanical properties were greatly increased with increasing irradiation dose from 3 to 5 Mrad. Meanwhile, particleboard based on cotton or flax stalks and the epoxy resins 103 and 150 displayed higher mechanical properties than these based on wood saw-dust and the same adhesives

  4. Areva - Press release from the Supervisory Board; Areva - Communique de presse du Conseil de Surveillance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marie, Patricia; Briand, Pauline; Floquet-Daubigeon, Fleur; Michaut, Maxime; Scorbiac, Marie de; Repaire, Philippine du

    2012-02-14

    During its meeting held on December 12, 2011, devoted in particular to the examination of the 2011 closing estimates, the AREVA Executive Board indicated that it expected to book a provision of 1.46 billion euros (2.025 billion US dollars) in the company's accounts for fiscal year 2011 for impairment of assets for the reporting entity UraMin, a mining company acquired by AREVA in 2007, which, given the provision booked in 2010 (426 million euros), brings the value of these assets on the AREVA balance sheet down to 410 million euros. Given the size of these provisions, the Supervisory Board decided to make three of its members, meeting as an ad hoc committee, in charge of analyzing the terms of acquisition of this company, as well as the key decisions made in this reporting entity up to 2011 and, based on the outcome of these analyses, to recommend to it any appropriate measures in AREVA's interest. This committee reported on its work during the Supervisory Board meeting held on February 14, 2012. In light of this report, the Supervisory Board found that the fairness and reliability of the financial statements of previous years were not in question. Nevertheless, considering the malfunctions raised, the Board considers it appropriate to thoroughly review AREVA's governance in order to ensure that decisions concerning large acquisitions or investments be reviewed and validated in the future under conditions ensuring better legal and financial security and enabling a more transparent dialogue between management and the Supervisory Board. It thus asked the Executive Board to recommend, at the next General Meeting of Shareholders, that the by-laws of the company be modified to make the Supervisory Board's prior approval of investments, stake acquisitions and acquisitions mandatory above a threshold of 20 million euros. It also decided to set up a business ethics committee within the Supervisory Board responsible for ensuring that rules of conduct are

  5. Boards of Banks

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Ferreira; Tom Kirchmaier; Daniel Metzger

    2011-01-01

    We show that country characteristics explain most of the cross-sectional variation in bank board independence. In contrast, country characteristics have little explanatory power for the fraction of outside bank directors with experience in the banking industry. Exploiting the time-series dimension of the sample, we show that changes in bank characteristics are not robustly associated with changes in board independence, while changes in board experience are positively related to changes in ban...

  6. On-Board Imaging Validation of Optically Guided Stereotactic Radiosurgery Positioning System for Conventionally Fractionated Radiotherapy for Paranasal Sinus and Skull Base Cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maxim, Peter G.; Loo, Billy W.; Murphy, James D.; Chu, Karen P.M.; Hsu, Annie [Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA (United States); Le, Quynh-Thu, E-mail: Qle@stanford.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA (United States)

    2011-11-15

    Purpose: To evaluate the positioning accuracy of an optical positioning system for stereotactic radiosurgery in a pilot experience of optically guided, conventionally fractionated, radiotherapy for paranasal sinus and skull base tumors. Methods and Materials: Before each daily radiotherapy session, the positioning of 28 patients was set up using an optical positioning system. After this initial setup, the patients underwent standard on-board imaging that included daily orthogonal kilovoltage images and weekly cone beam computed tomography scans. Daily translational shifts were made after comparing the on-board images with the treatment planning computed tomography scans. These daily translational shifts represented the daily positional error in the optical tracking system and were recorded during the treatment course. For 13 patients treated with smaller fields, a three-degree of freedom (3DOF) head positioner was used for more accurate setup. Results: The mean positional error for the optically guided system in patients with and without the 3DOF head positioner was 1.4 {+-} 1.1 mm and 3.9 {+-} 1.6 mm, respectively (p <.0001). The mean positional error drifted 0.11 mm/wk upward during the treatment course for patients using the 3DOF head positioner (p = .057). No positional drift was observed in the patients without the 3DOF head positioner. Conclusion: Our initial clinical experience with optically guided head-and-neck fractionated radiotherapy was promising and demonstrated clinical feasibility. The optically guided setup was especially useful when used in conjunction with the 3DOF head positioner and when it was recalibrated to the shifts using the weekly portal images.

  7. On-Board Imaging Validation of Optically Guided Stereotactic Radiosurgery Positioning System for Conventionally Fractionated Radiotherapy for Paranasal Sinus and Skull Base Cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To evaluate the positioning accuracy of an optical positioning system for stereotactic radiosurgery in a pilot experience of optically guided, conventionally fractionated, radiotherapy for paranasal sinus and skull base tumors. Methods and Materials: Before each daily radiotherapy session, the positioning of 28 patients was set up using an optical positioning system. After this initial setup, the patients underwent standard on-board imaging that included daily orthogonal kilovoltage images and weekly cone beam computed tomography scans. Daily translational shifts were made after comparing the on-board images with the treatment planning computed tomography scans. These daily translational shifts represented the daily positional error in the optical tracking system and were recorded during the treatment course. For 13 patients treated with smaller fields, a three-degree of freedom (3DOF) head positioner was used for more accurate setup. Results: The mean positional error for the optically guided system in patients with and without the 3DOF head positioner was 1.4 ± 1.1 mm and 3.9 ± 1.6 mm, respectively (p <.0001). The mean positional error drifted 0.11 mm/wk upward during the treatment course for patients using the 3DOF head positioner (p = .057). No positional drift was observed in the patients without the 3DOF head positioner. Conclusion: Our initial clinical experience with optically guided head-and-neck fractionated radiotherapy was promising and demonstrated clinical feasibility. The optically guided setup was especially useful when used in conjunction with the 3DOF head positioner and when it was recalibrated to the shifts using the weekly portal images.

  8. Guided wave based structural health monitoring: A review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitra, Mira; Gopalakrishnan, S.

    2016-05-01

    The paper provides a state of the art review of guided wave based structural health monitoring (SHM). First, the fundamental concepts of guided wave propagation and its implementation for SHM is explained. Following sections present the different modeling schemes adopted, developments in the area of transducers for generation, and sensing of wave, signal processing and imaging technique, statistical and machine learning schemes for feature extraction. Next, a section is presented on the recent advancements in nonlinear guided wave for SHM. This is followed by section on Rayleigh and SH waves. Next is a section on real-life implementation of guided wave for industrial problems. The paper, though briefly talks about the early development for completeness, is primarily focussed on the recent progress made in the last decade. The paper ends by discussing and highlighting the future directions and open areas of research in guided wave based SHM.

  9. A review on chitosan-based adsorptive membranes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salehi, Ehsan; Daraei, Parisa; Arabi Shamsabadi, Ahmad

    2016-11-01

    Membrane adsorbents have emerged as powerful and attractive tools for the removal of hazardous materials such as dyes and heavy metal ions, mainly in trace amounts, from water resources. Among membrane adsorbents, those prepared from or modified with chitosan biopolymer and its derivatives are cases of interest because of chitosan advantages including biocompatibility, biodegradability, nontoxicity, reactivity, film and fiber forming capacity and favorable hydrophilicity. This review is oriented to provide a framework for better insight into fabrication methods and applications of chitosan-based adsorptive membranes. Critical aspects including thermokinetic analyses of adsorption and regeneration capacity of the membrane adsorbents have been also overviewed. Future of chitosan-based adsorptive membranes might include efforts for the improvement of mechanical stability and reusability and also most targeted application of appropriate copolymers as well as nanostructures in preparing high performance adsorptive membranes. PMID:27516289

  10. Alginate based polyurethanes: A review of recent advances and perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zia, Khalid Mahmood; Zia, Fatima; Zuber, Mohammad; Rehman, Saima; Ahmad, Mirza Nadeem

    2015-08-01

    The trend of using biopolymers in combination with synthetic polymers was increasing rapidly from last two or three decades. Polysaccharide based biopolymers especially starch, cellulose, chitin, chitosan, alginate, etc. found extensive applications for different industrial uses, as they are biocompatible, biodegradable, bio-renewable resources and chiefly environment friendly. Segment block copolymer character of polyurethanes that endows them a broad range of versatility in terms of tailoring their properties was employed in conjunction with various natural polymers resulted in modified biomaterials. Alginate is biodegradable, biocompatible, bioactive, less toxic and low cost anionic polysaccharide, as a part of structural component of bacteria and brown algae (sea weed) is quite abundant in nature. It is used in combination with polyurethanes to form elastomers, nano-composites, hydrogels, etc. that especially revolutionized the food and biomedical industries. The review summarized the development in alginate based polyurethanes with their potential applications. PMID:25964178

  11. Epilepsy, Antiepileptic Drugs, and Aggression: An Evidence-Based Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brodie, Martin J; Besag, Frank; Ettinger, Alan B; Mula, Marco; Gobbi, Gabriella; Comai, Stefano; Aldenkamp, Albert P; Steinhoff, Bernhard J

    2016-07-01

    Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) have many benefits but also many side effects, including aggression, agitation, and irritability, in some patients with epilepsy. This article offers a comprehensive summary of current understanding of aggressive behaviors in patients with epilepsy, including an evidence-based review of aggression during AED treatment. Aggression is seen in a minority of people with epilepsy. It is rarely seizure related but is interictal, sometimes occurring as part of complex psychiatric and behavioral comorbidities, and it is sometimes associated with AED treatment. We review the common neurotransmitter systems and brain regions implicated in both epilepsy and aggression, including the GABA, glutamate, serotonin, dopamine, and noradrenaline systems and the hippocampus, amygdala, prefrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex, and temporal lobes. Few controlled clinical studies have used behavioral measures to specifically examine aggression with AEDs, and most evidence comes from adverse event reporting from clinical and observational studies. A systematic approach was used to identify relevant publications, and we present a comprehensive, evidence-based summary of available data surrounding aggression-related behaviors with each of the currently available AEDs in both adults and in children/adolescents with epilepsy. A psychiatric history and history of a propensity toward aggression/anger should routinely be sought from patients, family members, and carers; its presence does not preclude the use of any specific AEDs, but those most likely to be implicated in these behaviors should be used with caution in such cases. PMID:27255267

  12. Epilepsy, Antiepileptic Drugs, and Aggression: An Evidence-Based Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Besag, Frank; Ettinger, Alan B.; Mula, Marco; Gobbi, Gabriella; Comai, Stefano; Aldenkamp, Albert P.; Steinhoff, Bernhard J.

    2016-01-01

    Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) have many benefits but also many side effects, including aggression, agitation, and irritability, in some patients with epilepsy. This article offers a comprehensive summary of current understanding of aggressive behaviors in patients with epilepsy, including an evidence-based review of aggression during AED treatment. Aggression is seen in a minority of people with epilepsy. It is rarely seizure related but is interictal, sometimes occurring as part of complex psychiatric and behavioral comorbidities, and it is sometimes associated with AED treatment. We review the common neurotransmitter systems and brain regions implicated in both epilepsy and aggression, including the GABA, glutamate, serotonin, dopamine, and noradrenaline systems and the hippocampus, amygdala, prefrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex, and temporal lobes. Few controlled clinical studies have used behavioral measures to specifically examine aggression with AEDs, and most evidence comes from adverse event reporting from clinical and observational studies. A systematic approach was used to identify relevant publications, and we present a comprehensive, evidence-based summary of available data surrounding aggression-related behaviors with each of the currently available AEDs in both adults and in children/adolescents with epilepsy. A psychiatric history and history of a propensity toward aggression/anger should routinely be sought from patients, family members, and carers; its presence does not preclude the use of any specific AEDs, but those most likely to be implicated in these behaviors should be used with caution in such cases. PMID:27255267

  13. Neurogenesis-based epigenetic therapeutics for Alzheimer's disease (Review).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xueyuan; Bao, Xinjie; Wang, Renzhi

    2016-08-01

    Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a worldwide health problem with multiple pathogenic causes including aging, and genetic and environmental factors. As the interfaces between genes and the environment, epigenetic mechanisms, including DNA methylation, histone modification and microRNAs, are also involved in the pathogenesis of AD. Neurogenesis occurs throughout life in the normal adult brain of mammals. The neurogenic process, consisting of the proliferation, differentiation and maturation of neural stem cells (NSC), is regulated via epigenetic mechanisms by controlling the expression of specific sets of genes. In the pathology of AD, due to impairments in epigenetic mechanisms, the generation of neurons from NSCs is damaged, which exacerbates the loss of neurons and the deficits in learning and memory function associated with AD. Based on neurogenesis, a number of therapeutic strategies have shown capability in promoting neuronal generation to compensate for the neurons lost in AD, thereby improving cognitive function through epigenetic modifications. This provides potential for the treatment of AD by stimulating neurogenesis using epigenetic strategies. The present review discusses the epigenetics of AD and adult neurogenesis, and summarizes the neurogenesis-based epigenetic therapies targeted at AD. Such a review may offer information for the guidance of future developments of therapeutic strategies for AD. PMID:27314984

  14. 8 CFR 1003.2 - Reopening or reconsideration before the Board of Immigration Appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Board of Immigration Appeals. 1003.2 Section 1003.2 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE GENERAL PROVISIONS EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW Board of Immigration Appeals § 1003.2 Reopening or reconsideration before the Board of Immigration Appeals. (a)...

  15. Development of web-based safety review advisory system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For the development of an expert system supporting the safety review of nuclear power plants, the application was implemented after gathering necessary theoretical background and practical requirements. The general and the detail functional specifications were established, and they are investigated by KINS. Safety Review Advisory System (SRAS), this application on web-server environment was developed according to the above specifications. Reviews can do their safety reviewing regardless of their speciality or reviewing experiences because SRAS is operated by the safety review plans which are converted to standardized format. When the safety reviewing is carried out by using SRAS, the results of safety reviewing are accumulated in the database and may be utilized later usefully, and we can grasp safety reviewing progress. Users of SRAS are categorized into four groups, administrator, project manager, project reviewer and general reviewer. Each user group is delegated appropriate access capability. The function and some screen shots of SRAS are described

  16. Developing a Comprehensive Search Strategy for Evidence Based Systematic Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sekhar Thadiparthi

    2008-03-01

    % MEDLINE, 18% PsycINFO, 8% EMBASE, 2% Sociological Abstracts.Conclusions ‐ Development of a comprehensive review of the literature requires searching multiple databases and methods of manual searching in order to locate all relevant citations. Understanding the project needs, recognizing the limitations and strengths of specific electronic databases, and being aware of other methods for developing and refining a search are vital in planning an effective and comprehensive search strategy. Reporting standards for literature searches as part of the broader push for procedurally transparent and reproducible systematic reviews is not only advisable, but good evidence based practice.

  17. 32 CFR Appendix B to Part 47 - The DoD Civilian/Military Service Review Board and the Advisory Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... SECRETARY OF DEFENSE PERSONNEL, MILITARY AND CIVILIAN ACTIVE DUTY SERVICE FOR CIVILIAN OR CONTRACTUAL GROUPS... executive session at the call of the president, and shall limit its reviews to the following: a....

  18. Nuclear safety review for 1984

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This publication is based on the fourth Nuclear Safety Review prepared by the IAEA Secretariat for presentation to the Board of Governors. It discusses relevant international activities in 1984 and the current status of nuclear safety and radiation protection, and looks ahead to anticipated developments

  19. Guatemala; Third Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement: Staff Report; Staff Statement; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Guatemala.

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2010-01-01

    The Guatemalan economy is recovering faster than anticipated during the previous program review. The economic outlook has improved since the second program review. The fiscal deficit in 2010 will decline somewhat. There was agreement that a comprehensive tax reform remains the key medium-term challenge. There was agreement that monetary policy should remain vigilant. There has been progress in advancing financial sector reforms, but key elements of the reform agenda are pending. The near-term...

  20. Building better boards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadler, David A

    2004-05-01

    Companies facing new requirements for governance are scrambling to buttress financial-reporting systems, overhaul board structures--whatever it takes to comply. But there are limits to how much good governance can be imposed from the outside. Boards know what they ought to be: seats of challenge and inquiry that add value without meddling and make CEOs more effective but not all-powerful. A board can reach that goal only if it functions as a high-performance team, one that is competent, coordinated, collegial, and focused on an unambiguous goal. Such entities don't just evolve; they must be constructed to an exacting blueprint--what the author calls board building. In this article, Nadler offers an agenda and a set of tools that boards can use to define and achieve their objectives. It's important for a board to conduct regular self-assessments and to pay attention to the results of those analyses. As a first step, the directors and the CEO should agree on which of the following common board models best fits the company: passive, certifying, engaged, intervening, or operating. The directors and the CEO should then analyze which business tasks are most important and allot sufficient time and resources to them. Next, the board should take inventory of each director's strengths to ensure that the group as a whole possesses the skills necessary to do its work. Directors must exert more influence over meeting agendas and make sure they have the right information at the right time and in the right format to perform their duties. Finally, the board needs to foster an engaged culture characterized by candor and a willingness to challenge. An ambitious board-building process, devised and endorsed both by directors and by management, can potentially turn a good board into a great one. PMID:15146740

  1. Al2O3-based nanofluids: a review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satapathy Lakshmi Narayan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Ultrahigh performance cooling is one of the important needs of many industries. However, low thermal conductivity is a primary limitation in developing energy-efficient heat transfer fluids that are required for cooling purposes. Nanofluids are engineered by suspending nanoparticles with average sizes below 100 nm in heat transfer fluids such as water, oil, diesel, ethylene glycol, etc. Innovative heat transfer fluids are produced by suspending metallic or nonmetallic nanometer-sized solid particles. Experiments have shown that nanofluids have substantial higher thermal conductivities compared to the base fluids. These suspended nanoparticles can change the transport and thermal properties of the base fluid. As can be seen from the literature, extensive research has been carried out in alumina-water and CuO-water systems besides few reports in Cu-water-, TiO2-, zirconia-, diamond-, SiC-, Fe3O4-, Ag-, Au-, and CNT-based systems. The aim of this review is to summarize recent developments in research on the stability of nanofluids, enhancement of thermal conductivities, viscosity, and heat transfer characteristics of alumina (Al2O3-based nanofluids. The Al2O3 nanoparticles varied in the range of 13 to 302 nm to prepare nanofluids, and the observed enhancement in the thermal conductivity is 2% to 36%.

  2. Predicting Bank Credit Risk: Does Board Structure Matter?

    OpenAIRE

    Michael Adusei; Samuel Yaw Akomea; Ralph Nyadu-Addo

    2014-01-01

    The study investigates the predictors of credit risk in the universal banking industry with panel data from universal banks in Ghana and finds that leverage, assets (size), loan loss provision, board size, board independence, and the number of executive directors on the board of a bank are the predictors of its credit risk. Based on these results, the study concludes that board structure matters in credit risk management of universal banks in Ghana. The recommendation is that banks could impr...

  3. IDENTIFYING KEY DETERMINANTS OF EFFECTIVE BOARDS OF DIRECTORS

    OpenAIRE

    A. LEVRAU; L.A.A. VAN DEN BERGHE

    2007-01-01

    Mainstream research on boards of directors has been focusing on a direct relationship between board characteristics and firm performance, but up till now the results are inconclusive. Although these studies revealed interesting and useful insights, little is known about the factors that shape board effectiveness. This paper aims to reduce this gap by exploring the variety of indicators that contribute to the effectiveness of boards. The paper derives from an interview-based investigation amon...

  4. Forms and Impacts of the Separation of CEO and Chirman of the Board:Literature Review%董事长和 CEO 两职分离的形式及影响因素综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄伟力; 陈岚

    2015-01-01

    The factors that drive the board leadership structure to transfer from combination to sep-aration have garnered plenty of attention. What drives the company to separate the board leader-ship roles? What kind of separation forms can they take? Why does the board decide to adopt a certain form other than the other? What are the influence factors behind them? In order to answer these problems,this paper carries on the review on the theoretical and empirical level. Firstly,the paper comes up with a review of relevant theories,and generalizes the definitions and character-istics of the three separation forms. Then from theoretical and empirical view,this paper sums up the antecedents of these three types. Finalya model is builtup to point out the directions of the field .%近年来,越来越多的企业选择董事长与CEO分离的治理形式。是什么促使了两职合一到两职分离,两职分离可以采用哪些形式,董事会又是基于何种考虑做出决策的?围绕这三个问题,通过对相关最新文献的梳理,从理论逻辑和实证研究的视角,首先对两职合一和两职分离问题的理论基础进行了回顾;其次对两职分离的三种形式进行界定;再次,对三种分离形式背后的影响因素及其因果机制进行归纳和分析,并提出了一个影响两职分离形式选择的概念性模型;最后概述了文章的主要内容,指出了未来可能的研究方向。

  5. Efficient hybrid monocular-stereo approach to on-board video-based traffic sign detection and tracking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marinas, Javier; Salgado, Luis; Arróspide, Jon; Camplani, Massimo

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we propose an innovative method for the automatic detection and tracking of road traffic signs using an onboard stereo camera. It involves a combination of monocular and stereo analysis strategies to increase the reliability of the detections such that it can boost the performance of any traffic sign recognition scheme. Firstly, an adaptive color and appearance based detection is applied at single camera level to generate a set of traffic sign hypotheses. In turn, stereo information allows for sparse 3D reconstruction of potential traffic signs through a SURF-based matching strategy. Namely, the plane that best fits the cloud of 3D points traced back from feature matches is estimated using a RANSAC based approach to improve robustness to outliers. Temporal consistency of the 3D information is ensured through a Kalman-based tracking stage. This also allows for the generation of a predicted 3D traffic sign model, which is in turn used to enhance the previously mentioned color-based detector through a feedback loop, thus improving detection accuracy. The proposed solution has been tested with real sequences under several illumination conditions and in both urban areas and highways, achieving very high detection rates in challenging environments, including rapid motion and significant perspective distortion.

  6. Occupation-Based Intervention for Addictive Disorders: A Systematic Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wasmuth, Sally; Pritchard, Kevin; Kaneshiro, Kellie

    2016-03-01

    Addictive disorders disrupt individuals' occupational lives, suggesting that occupational therapists can play a crucial role in addiction rehabilitation. Occupation-based interventions are those in which an occupation is performed, and occupations are defined as those activities a person engages in to structure time and create meaning in one's life. This review asked: In persons with addictive disorders, are occupation-based interventions more effective than treatment as usual in improving short and long-term recovery outcomes? A systematic literature search was performed by a medical librarian in Ovid MEDLINE, PsychINFO, Social Work Abstracts, OTSeeker, HealthSTAR, CINAHL, and ACPJournalClub. Authors screened 1095 articles for inclusion criteria (prospective outcome studies examining the effectiveness of an occupation-based intervention with a sample primarily consisting of a diagnosis of a substance-related or addictive disorder and with at least five participants), and two authors appraised the resulting 66 articles using a standard appraisal tool, yielding 26 articles for qualitative synthesis and 8 with shared outcome measures for quantitative analysis. Occupation-based interventions in the areas of work, leisure, and social participation were found to have been used to treat addictive disorders. Occupation-based interventions in the area of social participation all elicited better outcomes than their respective control/comparison groups. Not all occupation-based interventions in the area of leisure elicited better outcomes than their comparison group, but in the eight articles with shared outcome measures, quantitative analysis demonstrated leisure interventions produced larger effect sizes than social participation interventions. PMID:26738639

  7. Peer review: a view based on recent experience as an author and reviewer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, R K F

    2012-08-01

    Peer review is an important stage in academic publishing, as a form of quality control to maintain the integrity of both the articles and the journals they appear in. However, the confidential nature of the relationship between reviewer and author does not necessarily benefit the system; with some reviewers using their anonymity to give unnecessary, injudicious comment. This paper explores the motives behind the reviewer's comments and how peer review could be improved by openness and honesty. PMID:22918342

  8. Holding Effective Board Meetings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Association of School Administrators, Arlington, VA.

    Advice and tested methods for management of meetings from superintendents and board members are combined in this reference book on conducting effective school board meetings. Intended for a wide readership, it contains three chapters and an exhibit section comprising over one-third of the document. Following a brief introduction, chapter 1,…

  9. Board Performance Evaluation

    OpenAIRE

    Osborne, Simon

    2008-01-01

    This guidance is produced to assist companies in understanding, and consequently managing, some of the major issues involved when considering how to carry out board performance evaluation. Different issues will apply to different companies, thus this guidance should not be considered as exhaustive. Hopefully it will trigger the thought processes so that boards may consider for themselves t...

  10. Atomic Energy Control Board

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper has been prepared to provide an overview of the responsibilities and activities of the Atomic Energy Control Board. It is designed to address questions that are often asked concerning the establishment of the Atomic Energy Control Board, its enabling legislation, licensing and compliance activities, federal-provincial relationships, international obligations, and communications with the public

  11. Embracing an International Board

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    A new international stock board will soon be established in Shanghai,allowing foreign companies to list their businesses and tap into the China market China is moving closer to launching its own international stock board,a market for foreign companies to list their stocks in China,said Shang Fulin,

  12. Hypertriglyceridemia-induced pancreatitis: A case-based review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    S Ian Gan; Alun L Edwards; Christopher J Symonds; Paul L Beck

    2006-01-01

    Hypertriglyceridemia is an established cause of pancreatitis. In a case-based approach, we present a review of hypertriglyceridemia andhow it can cause pancreatitis. We outline how to investigate and manage such patients. A 35 year old man presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain and biochemical evidence of acute pancreatitis. There was no history of alcohol consumption and biliary imaging was normal. The only relevant past medical history was that of mild hyperlipidemia, treated with diet alone. Physical exam revealed epigastric tenderness, right lateral rectus palsy, lipemia retinalis, bitemporal hemianopsia and a delay in the relaxation phase of his ankle reflexes.Subsequent laboratory investigation revealed marked hypertriglyceridemia and panhypopituarism. An enhanced CT scan of the head revealed a large suprasellar mass impinging on the optic chiasm and hypothalamus. The patient was treated supportively; thyroid replacement and lipid lowering agents were started. He underwent a successful resection of a craniopharyngioma. Postoperatively, the patient did well on hormone replacement therapy. He has had no further attacks of pancreatitis.This case highlights many of the factors involved in the regulation of triglyceride metabolism. We review the common causes of hypertriglyceridemia and the proposed mechanisms resulting in pancreatitis. The incidence and management of hypertriglyceridemiainduced pancreatitis are also discussed.

  13. Detecting Driver Drowsiness Based on Sensors: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenneth Sundaraj

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, driver drowsiness has been one of the major causes of road accidents and can lead to severe physical injuries, deaths and significant economic losses. Statistics indicate the need of a reliable driver drowsiness detection system which could alert the driver before a mishap happens. Researchers have attempted to determine driver drowsiness using the following measures: (1 vehicle-based measures; (2 behavioral measures and (3 physiological measures. A detailed review on these measures will provide insight on the present systems, issues associated with them and the enhancements that need to be done to make a robust system. In this paper, we review these three measures as to the sensors used and discuss the advantages and limitations of each. The various ways through which drowsiness has been experimentally manipulated is also discussed. We conclude that by designing a hybrid drowsiness detection system that combines non-intusive physiological measures with other measures one would accurately determine the drowsiness level of a driver. A number of road accidents might then be avoided if an alert is sent to a driver that is deemed drowsy.

  14. A review of web based interventions for managing tobacco use

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yatan Pal Singh Balhara

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Web based interventions (WBIs have been developed for various health conditions. These include interventions for various psychoactive substance use disorders including tobacco and alcohol. Tobacco use has remained the single largest preventable cause of global mortality and morbidity for many years. It is responsible for around 6 million deaths annually world-wide. Ironically, most of the tobacco users reside in resource poor low and middle-income countries. The article reviews the existing literature on WBIs for management of tobacco use. The literature search was performed using MedLine, PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase and Cochrane Review for relevant English language articles published from 1998 up to 2013. There is limited support for effectiveness of WBIs for managing tobacco use among adolescents. Although most of the trials among adults found WBIs to be more effective at short term follow-up (a few days to weeks, the benefits failed to extend beyond 3 months in most of the studies. All but one interventions studied in a randomized controlled trial is for smoking forms.

  15. Computerized Lexis-Based Instruction in EFL Classrooms: Using Multi-Purpose LexisBOARD to Teach L2 Vocabulary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirzaei, Azizullah; Domakani, Masoud Rahimi; Rahimi, Sedigheh

    2016-01-01

    Lexis-based views of second or foreign language (L2) teaching place prime importance on the teaching of conventionalized multi-word lexical items, or unanalyzed chunks, as a useful mechanism for fostering learners' creative production of forms and their subsequent development of L2 competence. This pretest/posttest quasiexperimental study probed…

  16. MANAGEMENT BOARD MEETING OF 8 NOVEMBER 2001

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    The Management Board's meeting on 8 November 2001 was essentially convened to review the meeting of the Finance Committee on 6 and 7 November and to examine the financial and organisational measures needed to resolve the present budget difficulties associated with the increase in the LHC materials cost announced in September. The Director-General reported that, following the Management's submission of the preliminary results of the LHC cost-to-completion review in September, revealing a final materials cost some 20% higher than originally estimated in 1996, the first day of the Finance Committee's November meeting had been devoted to a presentation of updated cost-to-completion estimates, based on a detailed review of all LHC system and sub-system components, and to the examination of initial funding scenarios and organisational measures for the remaining period of LHC construction (2002-2006) and the first years of operation (2006-2012). The Committee had taken note that the Management would provide more pre...

  17. Contributed Review: Quantum cascade laser based photoacoustic detection of explosives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, J. S., E-mail: jingsong-li@ahu.edu.cn; Yu, B. [Key Laboratory of Opto-Electronic Information Acquisition and Manipulation of Ministry of Education, Anhui University, Hefei (China); Fischer, H. [Department of Atmospheric Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Mainz (Germany); Chen, W. [Laboratoire de Physicochimie de l’Atmosphére, Université du Littoral Côte d’Opale, Dunkerque (France); Yalin, A. P. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523-1374 (United States)

    2015-03-15

    Detecting trace explosives and explosive-related compounds has recently become a topic of utmost importance for increasing public security around the world. A wide variety of detection methods and an even wider range of physical chemistry issues are involved in this very challenging area. Optical sensing methods, in particular mid-infrared spectrometry techniques, have a great potential to become a more desirable tools for the detection of explosives. The small size, simplicity, high output power, long-term reliability make external cavity quantum cascade lasers (EC-QCLs) the promising spectroscopic sources for developing analytical instrumentation. This work reviews the current technical progress in EC-QCL-based photoacoustic spectroscopy for explosives detection. The potential for both close-contact and standoff configurations using this technique is completely presented over the course of approximately the last one decade.

  18. Contributed review: quantum cascade laser based photoacoustic detection of explosives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, J S; Yu, B; Fischer, H; Chen, W; Yalin, A P

    2015-03-01

    Detecting trace explosives and explosive-related compounds has recently become a topic of utmost importance for increasing public security around the world. A wide variety of detection methods and an even wider range of physical chemistry issues are involved in this very challenging area. Optical sensing methods, in particular mid-infrared spectrometry techniques, have a great potential to become a more desirable tools for the detection of explosives. The small size, simplicity, high output power, long-term reliability make external cavity quantum cascade lasers (EC-QCLs) the promising spectroscopic sources for developing analytical instrumentation. This work reviews the current technical progress in EC-QCL-based photoacoustic spectroscopy for explosives detection. The potential for both close-contact and standoff configurations using this technique is completely presented over the course of approximately the last one decade. PMID:25832204

  19. Contributed Review: Quantum cascade laser based photoacoustic detection of explosives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Detecting trace explosives and explosive-related compounds has recently become a topic of utmost importance for increasing public security around the world. A wide variety of detection methods and an even wider range of physical chemistry issues are involved in this very challenging area. Optical sensing methods, in particular mid-infrared spectrometry techniques, have a great potential to become a more desirable tools for the detection of explosives. The small size, simplicity, high output power, long-term reliability make external cavity quantum cascade lasers (EC-QCLs) the promising spectroscopic sources for developing analytical instrumentation. This work reviews the current technical progress in EC-QCL-based photoacoustic spectroscopy for explosives detection. The potential for both close-contact and standoff configurations using this technique is completely presented over the course of approximately the last one decade

  20. Palliative radiotherapy in head and neck cancers: Evidence based review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Talapatra Kaustav

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck (SCCHN is one of the commonest cancers seen in India, constituting up to 25% of their overall cancer burden. Advanced SCCHN is a bad disease with a poor prognosis and patients usually die of uncontrolled loco-regional disease. Curative intent management of loco-regionally advanced SCCHN has become more evidence-based with active clinical research in the form of large prospective randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses. However, little has been written about palliative radiotherapy (PRT in head and neck cancers. It is widely recognized that PRT provides effective palliation and improved quality-of-life in advanced incurable malignancies. It is in this context that this study proposes to review the existing literature on palliative radiotherapy in advanced incurable SCCHN to help formulate consensus guidelines and recommendations.

  1. Contributed Review: Quantum cascade laser based photoacoustic detection of explosives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, J. S.; Yu, B.; Fischer, H.; Chen, W.; Yalin, A. P.

    2015-03-01

    Detecting trace explosives and explosive-related compounds has recently become a topic of utmost importance for increasing public security around the world. A wide variety of detection methods and an even wider range of physical chemistry issues are involved in this very challenging area. Optical sensing methods, in particular mid-infrared spectrometry techniques, have a great potential to become a more desirable tools for the detection of explosives. The small size, simplicity, high output power, long-term reliability make external cavity quantum cascade lasers (EC-QCLs) the promising spectroscopic sources for developing analytical instrumentation. This work reviews the current technical progress in EC-QCL-based photoacoustic spectroscopy for explosives detection. The potential for both close-contact and standoff configurations using this technique is completely presented over the course of approximately the last one decade.

  2. Particle filter-based prognostics: Review, discussion and perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jouin, Marine; Gouriveau, Rafael; Hissel, Daniel; Péra, Marie-Cécile; Zerhouni, Noureddine

    2016-05-01

    Particle filters are of great concern in a large variety of engineering fields such as robotics, statistics or automatics. Recently, it has developed among Prognostics and Health Management (PHM) applications for diagnostics and prognostics. According to some authors, it has ever become a state-of-the-art technique for prognostics. Nowadays, around 50 papers dealing with prognostics based on particle filters can be found in the literature. However, no comprehensive review has been proposed on the subject until now. This paper aims at analyzing the way particle filters are used in that context. The development of the tool in the prognostics' field is discussed before entering the details of its practical use and implementation. Current issues are identified, analyzed and some solutions or work trails are proposed. All this aims at highlighting future perspectives as well as helping new users to start with particle filters in the goal of prognostics.

  3. Comprehensive evidence-based review on European antitussives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morice, Alyn; Kardos, Peter

    2016-01-01

    Acute cough caused by viral respiratory tract infections is probably the most common illness to afflict mankind. Despite the widespread but ineffective prescribing of antibiotics, there is no specific therapy. Home remedies and over-the-counter medicines are the mainstay for treatment of this short-lived but debilitating condition where cough is a major troublesome symptom. Across Europe, there are large variations in the recommendations made by healthcare professionals for the treatment of acute cough. This has arisen through custom and practice based on the evidence of historical studies performed to standards well short of what would be considered legitimate today. Acute cough is particularly difficult to study in a controlled setting because of the high rate of spontaneous remission and a large placebo effect. Here we detail the validated modern methodology used to assess the efficacy of antitussives and review the drugs commonly used in Europe against these standards. PMID:27547407

  4. An interface board for developing control loops in power electronics based on microcontrollers and DSPs Cores -Arduino /ChipKit /dsPIC /DSP /TI Piccolo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pittini, Riccardo; Zhang, Zhe; Andersen, Michael A. E.

    2013-01-01

    In this paper a new control-interface card for developing simple control loops and generating test signals for power electronic converters is presented. The control board can operate with two computational cores (Texas Instruments and Microchip) allowing using the preferred DSP architecture and...... development environment. Moreover, the interface board can operate with open hardware Arduino-like boards such as the ChipKit Uno32. The paper also describes how to enhance the performance of a ChipKit Uno32 with a dsPIC obtaining a more suitable solution for power electronics. The basic blocks and interfaces...

  5. Trends in Female Authorships, Editorial Board Memberships, and Editorships in Educational Psychology Journals from 2003 to 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fong, Carlton J.; Yoo, Julia H.; Jones, Sara J.; Torres, Laura G.; Decker, Mark Lowry

    2009-01-01

    Robinson, McKay, Katayama, and Fan ("Contemporary Educational Psychology," 23, 331-343, 1998) reported that women were underrepresented in terms of authorships, editorial board memberships, and editorships in the field of educational psychology based on membership trends. More recently, Evans, Hsieh, and Robinson ("Educational Psychology Review,"…

  6. National Board for Education Sciences 2007 Annual Report, August 2006 to July 2007. NBES 2008-6005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Institute of Education Sciences, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The annual report reviews research priorities, major Institute of Education Sciences (IES) updates, and recent resolutions. National Board for Education Sciences (NBES) members conclude that the Institute has made important initial progress in transforming education into an evidence-based field in which decision-makers routinely seek out the best…

  7. National Board for Education Sciences 2008 Annual Report, August 2007 through July 2008. NBES 2008-6009

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Board for Education Sciences, 2008

    2008-01-01

    The annual report reviews research priorities, major Institute of Education Sciences (IES) updates, and recent resolutions. National Board for Education Sciences (NBES) members conclude that evidence-based research provides essential information to policymakers, educators, and parents for improving education and meeting the academic needs of…

  8. Rapid Control Prototyping and PIL Co-Simulation of a Quadrotor UAV Based on NI myRIO-1900 Board

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soufiene Bouallègue

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, a new Computer Aided Design (CAD methodology for the Processor-In-the-Loop (PIL co-simulation and Rapid Control Prototyping (RCP of a Quadrotor Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL type of Unmanned Arial Vehicle (UAV is proposed and successfully implemented around an embedded NI myRIO-1900 target and a host PC. The developed software (SW and hardware (HW prototyping platform is based on the Control Design and Simulation (CDSim module of LabVIEW environment and an established Network Streams data communication protocol. A dynamical model of the Quadrotor UAV, which incorporates the dynamics of vertical and landing flights and aerodynamic forces, is obtained using the Newton-Euler formalism. PID and Model Predictive Control (MPC approaches are chosen as examples for experiment prototyping. These control laws, as well as the dynamical model of the Quad, are implemented and deployed as separate LabVIEW Virtual Instruments (VI on the myRIO-1900 target and the host PC, respectively. Several demonstrative co-simulation results, obtained for a 3D LabVIEW emulator of the Quadrotor, are presented and discussed in order to improve the effectiveness of the proposed Model Based Design (MBD prototyping methodology.

  9. 77 FR 31027 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Web-Based Assessment of the Clinical Studies Support...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-24

    ... Protocol Review Committees (PRCs) have become an important quality standard in clinical trials and research... specific scientific and research areas. The NHLBI is charged with ensuring the highest quality of each... board recommendations related to the safety and efficacy of trial interventions and the quality...

  10. Object-Based Image Analysis in Wetland Research: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iryna Dronova

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The applications of object-based image analysis (OBIA in remote sensing studies of wetlands have been growing over recent decades, addressing tasks from detection and delineation of wetland bodies to comprehensive analyses of within-wetland cover types and their change. Compared to pixel-based approaches, OBIA offers several important benefits to wetland analyses related to smoothing of the local noise, incorporating meaningful non-spectral features for class separation and accounting for landscape hierarchy of wetland ecosystem organization and structure. However, there has been little discussion on whether unique challenges of wetland environments can be uniformly addressed by OBIA across different types of data, spatial scales and research objectives, and to what extent technical and conceptual aspects of this framework may themselves present challenges in a complex wetland setting. This review presents a synthesis of 73 studies that applied OBIA to different types of remote sensing data, spatial scale and research objectives. It summarizes the progress and scope of OBIA uses in wetlands, key benefits of this approach, factors related to accuracy and uncertainty in its applications and the main research needs and directions to expand the OBIA capacity in the future wetland studies. Growing demands for higher-accuracy wetland characterization at both regional and local scales together with advances in very high resolution remote sensing and novel tasks in wetland restoration monitoring will likely continue active exploration of the OBIA potential in these diverse and complex environments.

  11. Synthesizing Quantitative Evidence for Evidence-based Nursing: Systematic Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Eui Geum

    2016-06-01

    As evidence-based practice has become an important issue in healthcare settings, the educational needs for knowledge and skills for the generation and utilization of healthcare evidence are increasing. Systematic review (SR), a way of evidence generation, is a synthesis of primary scientific evidence, which summarizes the best evidence on a specific clinical question using a transparent, a priori protocol driven approach. SR methodology requires a critical appraisal of primary studies, data extraction in a reliable and repeatable way, and examination for validity of the results. SRs are considered hierarchically as the highest form of evidence as they are a systematic search, identification, and summarization of the available evidence to answer a focused clinical question with particular attention to the methodological quality of studies or the credibility of opinion and text. The purpose of this paper is to introduce an overview of the fundamental knowledge, principals and processes in SR. The focus of this paper is on SR especially for the synthesis of quantitative data from primary research studies that examines the effectiveness of healthcare interventions. To activate evidence-based nursing care in various healthcare settings, the best and available scientific evidence are essential components. This paper will include some examples to promote understandings. PMID:27349664

  12. Annual report to Congress: Department of Energy activities relating to the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board, Calendar Year 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2000-02-01

    This is the tenth Annual Report to the Congress describing Department of Energy activities in response to formal recommendations and other interactions with the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (Board). The Board, an independent executive-branch agency established in 1988, provides advice and recommendations to the Secretary of Energy regarding public health and safety issues at the Department's defense nuclear facilities. The Board also reviews and evaluates the content and implementation of health and safety standards, as well as other requirements, relating to the design, construction, operation, and decommissioning of the Department's defense nuclear facilities. During 1999, Departmental activities resulted in the closure of nine Board recommendations. In addition, the Department has completed all implementation plan milestones associated with three Board recommendations. One new Board recommendation was received and accepted by the Department in 1999, and a new implementation plan is being developed to address this recommendation. The Department has also made significant progress with a number of broad-based initiatives to improve safety. These include expanded implementation of integrated safety management at field sites, opening of a repository for long-term storage of transuranic wastes, and continued progress on stabilizing excess nuclear materials to achieve significant risk reduction.

  13. Annual report to Congress: Department of Energy activities relating to the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board, Calendar Year 1999

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the tenth Annual Report to the Congress describing Department of Energy activities in response to formal recommendations and other interactions with the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (Board). The Board, an independent executive-branch agency established in 1988, provides advice and recommendations to the Secretary of Energy regarding public health and safety issues at the Department's defense nuclear facilities. The Board also reviews and evaluates the content and implementation of health and safety standards, as well as other requirements, relating to the design, construction, operation, and decommissioning of the Department's defense nuclear facilities. During 1999, Departmental activities resulted in the closure of nine Board recommendations. In addition, the Department has completed all implementation plan milestones associated with three Board recommendations. One new Board recommendation was received and accepted by the Department in 1999, and a new implementation plan is being developed to address this recommendation. The Department has also made significant progress with a number of broad-based initiatives to improve safety. These include expanded implementation of integrated safety management at field sites, opening of a repository for long-term storage of transuranic wastes, and continued progress on stabilizing excess nuclear materials to achieve significant risk reduction

  14. Annual report to Congress: Department of Energy activities relating to the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board, calendar year 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-02-01

    This is the ninth Annual Report to the Congress describing Department of Energy (Department) activities in response to formal recommendations and other interactions with the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (Board). The Board, an independent executive-branch agency established in 1988, provides advice and recommendations to the Secretary of energy regarding public health and safety issues at the Department`s defense nuclear facilities. The Board also reviews and evaluates the content and implementation of health and safety standards, as well as other requirements, relating to the design, construction, operation, and decommissioning of the Department`s defense nuclear facilities. The locations of the major Department facilities are provided. During 1998, Departmental activities resulted in the proposed closure of one Board recommendation. In addition, the Department has completed all implementation plan milestones associated with four other Board recommendations. Two new Board recommendations were received and accepted by the Department in 1998, and two new implementation plans are being developed to address these recommendations. The Department has also made significant progress with a number of broad-based initiatives to improve safety. These include expanded implementation of integrated safety management at field sites, a renewed effort to increase the technical capabilities of the federal workforce, and a revised plan for stabilizing excess nuclear materials to achieve significant risk reduction.

  15. Observational learning from animated models: A review of guidelines based on cognitive load.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wouters, Pieter; Paas, Fred; Van Merriënboer, Jeroen

    2008-01-01

    Wouters, P.J.M., Paas, F. & Van Merriënboer, J. J. G. (2008). How to optimize learning from animated models: A review of guidelines based on cognitive load. Review of Educational Research, 78, 645-675

  16. Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philip Barker

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available There were two copy-editing blunders in Clive Betts's review, in ALT-J 5 (3, of Shirley Fletcher's Designing Competence-Based Training, one in paragraph 2 line 1, the other in paragraph 3 line 8. The errors (the result of the Editor, Gabriel Jacobs, trying to perform a final proof of the journal at lightning speed in order to meet the printing deadline, and not of any mistake on the part of either Philip Barker or the University of Wales Press hardly affected meaning, but the fact that they appeared in a review of a book on competence makes the embarrassment all the more telling. The Editor apologizes, and thanks eagle-eyed readers. He has decided to read the book in the hope that such errors will not recur.

  17. Gender Quotas on Board of Directors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smith, Nina

    2013-01-01

    Beside arguments of fairness and equal opportunities, it is often argued that gender diversity on boards of directors may improve firm performance, but the empirical results are mixed and often negative. Based on the available research, gender quotas on boards of directors cannot be justified on...... the grounds of economic efficiency. Furthermore, in most countries a limited number of women are qualified to join boards of directors, and it is not clear from the evidence to date on the operation of quotas whether they will lead to a better pool of female candidates in the medium and long term....

  18. Turkey; Third Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement-Staff Report; Staff Statement; and News Brief on the Executive Board Discussion

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2002-01-01

    This paper examines Turkey’s Third Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement (SBA). The Turkish authorities’ perseverance with their economic program started to yield major gains in the first part of 2002. Through April 2002, the program outperformed expectations. With strong policy implementation, economic and financial indicators outperformed financial market expectations and program projections. In light of continued strong program implementation, the positive economic results achieved so ...

  19. Sudan; 2003 Article IV Consultation and First Review of the 2003 Staff-Monitored Program-Staff Report; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2003-01-01

    The discussions focused on reviewing the reforms that were implemented since the last consultation, policies for the remainder of the year as well as the parameters of the 2004 program, and the medium-term outlook. Executive Directors encouraged the exchange and monetary systems, but additional efforts are needed on the fiscal front. Finally, a progress was achieved in preparing a medium-term economic program that will be underpinned by the preparation, for the first time, of a three-year rol...

  20. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    CERN Document Server

    HR Department

    2006-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board was convened to examine an appeal lodged by a member of the personnel with regard to advancement. The person concerned has requested that the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General be brought to the notice of the personnel in accordance with Article R VI 1.20 of the Staff Regulations. The relevant documents will therefore be posted on the notice boards of the Administration Building (No. 60) from 24 March to 10 April 2006. Human Resources Department Tel. 74128

  1. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board was convened to examine the appeal lodged by Mrs Judith Igo-Kemenes concerning the application of procedures foreseen by Administrative Circular N§ 26 (Rev. 3). As the appellant has not objected, the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General are brought to the notice of the personnel in accordance with Article R VI 1.20 of the Staff Regulations. The relevant documents will therefore be posted on the notice boards of the Administration Building (N° 60) from 6 to 20 June 2003. Human Resources Division Tel. 74128

  2. Primer printed circuit boards

    CERN Document Server

    Argyle, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    Step-by-step instructions for making your own PCBs at home. Making your own printed circuit board (PCB) might seem a daunting task, but once you master the steps, it's easy to attain professional-looking results. Printed circuit boards, which connect chips and other components, are what make almost all modern electronic devices possible. PCBs are made from sheets of fiberglass clad with copper, usually in multiplelayers. Cut a computer motherboard in two, for instance, and you'll often see five or more differently patterned layers. Making boards at home is relatively easy

  3. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board was convened to examine the appeal lodged by Mr Poul Frandsen concerning his assimilation into the new career structure. As the appellant has not objected, the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General are brought to the notice of the personnel in accordance with Article R VI 1.20 of the Staff Regulations. The relevant documents will therefore be posted on the notice boards of the Administration Building (N° 60) from 13 to 24 January 2003. Human Resources Division Tel. 74128

  4. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board has examined the internal appeal lodged by a member of the personnel against the decision to grant him only a periodic one-step advancement for the 2006 reference year. The person concerned has not objected to the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General being brought to the attention of the members of the personnel. In application of Article R VI 1.18 of the Staff Regulations, these documents will therefore be posted on the notice board of the Main building (bldg. 500) from 1 September to 14 September 2008. Human Resources Department (73911)

  5. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board has examined the internal appeal lodged by a member of the personnel against the decision to grant him only a periodic one-step advancement for the 2006 reference year. The person concerned has not objected to the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General being brought to the attention of the members of the personnel. In application of Article R VI 1.18 of the Staff Regulations, these documents will therefore be posted on the notice board of the Main Building (Bldg. 500) from 1 September to 14 September 2008. Human Resources Department (73911)

  6. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2007-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board was convened to examine an internal appeal lodged by a member of the personnel with regard to the decision not to grant him an indefinite contract. The person concerned has requested that the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General be brought to the notice of the members of the personnel, in accordance with Article R VI 1.18 of the Staff Regulations. The relevant documents will therefore be posted on the notice board of the Main building (Bldg. 60) from 24 September to 7 October 2007. Human Resources Department

  7. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board has examined the internal appeal lodged by a member of the personnel with regard to the decision not to award him a periodic one-step advancement for the 2006 reference year. The person concerned has not objected to the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General being brought to the notice of the members of the personnel. In application of Article R VI 1.18 of the Staff Regulations, these documents will therefore be posted on the notice board of the Main building (Bldg. 500) from 17 March to 30 March 2008. Human Resources Department Tel. 73911

  8. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board has examined the internal appeal lodged by a member of the personnel with regard to the decision not to grant him an indefinite contract. The person concerned has not objected to the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General being brought to the notice of the members of the personnel. In application of Article R VI 1.18 of the Staff Regulations, these documents will therefore be posted on the notice board of the Main Building (Bldg. 500) from 26 May to 6 June 2008. Human Resources Department (73911)

  9. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board was convened to examine an internal appeal lodged by a member of the personnel with regard to the decision not to grant him an indefinite contract. The person concerned has not objected to the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General being brought to the notice of the members of the personnel, in accordance with Article R VI 1.18 of the Staff Regulations. These documents will therefore be posted on the notice board of the Main Building (Bldg. 60) from 21 January to 3 February 2008. Human Resources Department (73911)

  10. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board was convened to examine the appeal lodged by Mr Aloïs Girardoz with regard to classification and advancement. As the appellant has not objected, the Board's report and the Director-General's decision will be brought to the notice of the personnel in accordance with Article R VI 1.20 of the Staff Regulations. The relevant documents will therefore be posted on the notice boards of the Administration Building (N° 60) from 15 to 29 August 2003. Human Resources Division Tel. 74128

  11. Comparison of Relative Humidity obtained from SAPHIR on board Megha-Tropiques and Ground based Microwave Radiometer Profiler over an equatorial station

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renju, Ramachandran Pillai; Uma, K. N.; Krishna Moorthy, K.; Mathew, Nizy; Raju C, Suresh

    A comparison has been made between the SAPHIR on board Megha-Tropiques (MT) derived Relative Humidity (RH (%)) with that derived from a ground based multi-frequency Microwave Radiometer Profiler (MRP) observations over an equatorial station Thiruvananthapuram (8.5(°) N and 76.9(°) E) for a one year period. As a first step, the validation of MRP has been made against the radiosonde for two years (2010 and 2011) during the Indian monsoon period July-September. This analysis shows a wet bias below 6 km and dry bias above. The comparison between the MRP and the MT derived RH has been made at five different altitudinal levels (0.75, 2.25, 4.0, 6.25 and 9.2 km range) strictly under clear sky condition. The regression analysis between the two reveals very good correlation (>0.8) in the altitudinal layer of 2.25 to 6.25 km. The differences between the two observations had also been explained interms of percentage of occurrence between MT and the MRP at each altitudinal layer. About 70-80% of the time, the difference in the RH is found to below 10% at first three layer. The RMSE of 2% is observed at almost all the height layers. The differences have been attributed to the different measurement and retrieval techniques involved in the ground based and satellite based measurements. Since MRP frequecy channels are not sensitive to small water vapor variabilities above 6 km, large differences are observed. Radiative Transfer computation for the channels of both MRP and SAPHIR will be carried out to understand the variabilities.

  12. 76 FR 4299 - National Sea Grant Advisory Board; Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-25

    ... provide sufficient time for Board review. Written comments received after January 31, 2011, will be... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Sea Grant Advisory Board; Meeting AGENCY: National... sets forth the schedule and proposed agenda of a forthcoming meeting of the Sea Grant Advisory...

  13. 77 FR 41171 - National Sea Grant Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-12

    ... sufficient time for Board review. Written comments received after July 30, 2012, will be distributed to the... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Sea Grant Advisory Board AGENCY: National Oceanic... forth the schedule and proposed agenda of a forthcoming meeting of the National Sea Grant Advisory...

  14. 29 CFR 4003.59 - Decision by the Appeals Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... of the facts or legal conclusions supporting the decision, and state that the appellant has exhausted... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Decision by the Appeals Board. 4003.59 Section 4003.59... ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW OF AGENCY DECISIONS Administrative Appeals § 4003.59 Decision by the Appeals Board. (a)...

  15. School Board Elections: Theories Meet Reality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garn, Gregg; Copeland, Gary

    2014-01-01

    This exploratory article relies on qualitative data generated from observations and focus group interviews to investigate what motivates citizens to vote in school board elections and how they choose among candidates. Our review of literature suggests that capture theory, dissatisfaction theory, retrospective voting, partisanship, issue voting,…

  16. School Board Ethics: On Thin Ice?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Natale, Jo Anna

    1990-01-01

    Cites cases of ethical violations, such as patronage and nepotism in hiring practices, in some school districts. Advises school board members to review their personal and professional ethics and to consider measures that will help guide decisions when ethical dilemmas arise. Formal ethics training is recommended for all educators. (MLF)

  17. Minutes of Midyear Executive Board Meeting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Counseling Psychologist, 1994

    1994-01-01

    Presents minutes of midyear executive board meeting of American Psychological Association's Division 17, Counseling Psychology. Reviews standing committee reports from education and training, ethics and cultural diversity, hospitality suite, independent practice, membership, nominations, professional affairs, program committee, scientific affairs,…

  18. [Geotechnical Board activities and funding]. [Annual] activites report, July 1, 1992--June 30, 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smeallie, P.H.

    1993-07-23

    The Geotechnical Board, a part of the US National Research Council, which is the operating arm of the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering, serves to advise the federal government and others on issues where geotechnology can have an impact, such as environmental remediation and infrastructure development. The board met three times during the reporting period to review current projects and to initiate activities that move the knowledge base of geotechnology forward. The board operates with two long-standing national committees, the US National Committee for Rock Mechanics and the US National Committee on Tunneling Technology. It also conducts special studies at the request of the government. A list of attachments is given.

  19. Does Gender Matter? Female Representation on Corporate Boards and Firm Financial Performance - A Meta-Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pletzer, Jan Luca; Nikolova, Romina; Kedzior, Karina Karolina; Voelpel, Sven Constantin

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, there has been an ongoing, worldwide debate about the representation of females in companies. Our study aimed to meta-analytically investigate the controversial relationship between female representation on corporate boards and firm financial performance. Following a systematic literature search, data from 20 studies on 3097 companies published in peer-reviewed academic journals were included in the meta-analysis. On average, the boards consisted of eight members and female participation was low (mean 14%) in all studies. Half of the 20 studies were based on data from developing countries and 62% from higher income countries. According to the random-effects model, the overall mean weighted correlation between percentage of females on corporate boards and firm performance was small and non-significant (r = .01, 95% confidence interval: -.04, .07). Similar small effect sizes were observed when comparing studies based on developing vs. developed countries and higher vs. lower income countries. The mean board size was not related to the effect sizes in studies. These results indicate that the mere representation of females on corporate boards is not related to firm financial performance if other factors are not considered. We conclude our study with a discussion of its implications and limitations. PMID:26086454

  20. Checking a printed board

    CERN Multimedia

    1977-01-01

    An 'Interactive Printed Circuit Board Design System' has been developed by a company in a Member-State. Printed circuits are now produced at the SB's surface treatment workshop using a digitized photo-plotter.