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Sample records for bardenas reales navarra

  1. Mechanisms of erosion in miocene clays from the Tudela formation (Bardenas Reales, Navarra, Spain); Mecanismos de erosion en arcillas miocenas de la Formacion Tudela (Bardenas Reales, Navarra, Espana)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marin, C.; Desir, G.

    2009-07-01

    In Bardenas Reales area (located in the central-western part of the Ebro Depression) several erosion rates have been measured along the last years. The mean annual erosion rates are of 32 Tm/Ha/yr. Due to semiarid conditions, precipitation is irregularly distributed along the year with maximums on spring and autumn when the great erosion is produced. There are intensity and quality thresholds below which erosion does not take place. In Bardenas Reales some erosion processes act (mud slides and armoured mud balls among others). Mud slides are mobilised on spring when the sediment have reached its plastic limit and could slide due to heavy rains. Armored mud balls are produced by the enhancement of popcorn cracks that individualize clays cores which are rounded by water. The same kind of strong precipitation that mobilised mud slides is the responsible of armoured mud balls destruction because the conditions to its maintenance are very limited. (Author) 9 refs.

  2. Mechanisms of erosion in miocene clays from the Tudela formation (Bardenas Reales, Navarra, Spain)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Bardenas Reales area (located in the central-western part of the Ebro Depression) several erosion rates have been measured along the last years. The mean annual erosion rates are of 32 Tm/Ha/yr. Due to semiarid conditions, precipitation is irregularly distributed along the year with maximums on spring and autumn when the great erosion is produced. There are intensity and quality thresholds below which erosion does not take place. In Bardenas Reales some erosion processes act (mud slides and armoured mud balls among others). Mud slides are mobilised on spring when the sediment have reached its plastic limit and could slide due to heavy rains. Armored mud balls are produced by the enhancement of popcorn cracks that individualize clays cores which are rounded by water. The same kind of strong precipitation that mobilised mud slides is the responsible of armoured mud balls destruction because the conditions to its maintenance are very limited. (Author) 9 refs.

  3. Evolution and erosion processes in gullies Bardenas Reales (Navarra). Spain; Evolucion y procesos de erosion en gullies. bardenas Reales (Navarra). Espana

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Desir, G.; Marin, C.

    2009-07-01

    At the Bardenas Reales site, guilles are developed over Halocene silts and show a great extend. the most typical features is the lack of relief and the presence of many low and narrow guilles, on which the sidewalls are affected by piping and incision processes. Gullies have a U-Shape section and a dendritic pattern with a high sinuosity. Guilles evolution responds to different processes like headcut retreat, scouring, undermining and piping. One of these minor order guilles has evolved from a man made ditch builded in 1997. This dicth acts a as grainpipe of the erosion plot BD1. The main processes was headuct retreat from the outlet point in the main gully, and the deepening and widening of the ditch botoom level. As a consequence of undermining and piping the ditch shows an enlargement and headcut retreat yhat evolve in an unusual speed in comparison with the environment, that let us to stablish a temporal sequence of the gully evolution in these areas. (Author) 8 refs.

  4. Mamíferos el Mioceno inferior de las Bardenas Reales de Navarra (Cuenca del Ebro, Península Ibérica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    X. Murelaga, H. Astibia, C. Sese, D. Soria, X. Pereda-Suberbiola

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Las Bardenas Reales de Navarra se encuentran en el borde NW de la cuenca terciaria del Ebro. Los sedimentos que podemos encontrar en la mayor parte del área de estudio pertenecen a facies fluvio-palustres de la Formación Tudela. Las localidades fosilíferas estarían incluidas dentro de la Biozona MN2b-MN· (Biozonas Z-A del Rambliense o Aquitaniense superior-Burdigaliense inforior. En esta área se han encontrado restos fósiles de peces, anfibios, lagartos, anfisbénidos, serpientes, tortugas, cocodrilos, flamencos y los mamíferos que se describen en este trabajo como insectívoros, quirópteros, eomídos, gliridos, esciúridos, cricétidos, lagomorfos, perisodáctilos y artiodáctilos.

  5. Erosion processes acting in semi-arid climate zone of the Ebro Basin (Bardenas Reales, NE of Spain); Procesos de erosion actuantes en una zona de clima semiarido de la Depresion del Ebro (Bardenas Reales, NE de Espana)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marin, C.; Desir, G.

    2009-07-01

    Bardenas Reales is an erosive depression located in the central-western part of the Ebro Depression. May different erosion processes act on this zone: gullying, piping, mud slides and armoured mud balls among others that contribute to export great quantity of material outside the basin. Depending on lithology and physico-chemical properties erosion acting processes differ. The knowledge of that processes help us to understand the great amount of soil loss that take place on the studied zone, bigger than those recommended. (Author) 8 refs.

  6. Influence so fusion processes in the evolution of modeling. Bardenas Reales (Navarra); Influencia de los procesos de sofusion (piping) en la evolucion del modelado. Bardenas Reales (Navarra)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Desir, G.; Gutierrez, M.

    2009-07-01

    Piping processes are controlled by many interacting factors, such as the index of dispersion and the sodium content, SAR and ESP. To it is necessary to join the density of cracking and the slope of the hillsides on which it develops. In the study area climatic characteristics together with soil structure and chemical and mineralogical composition of the substrate has a key role in Pipings formation. Cracking is linked to the presence of dispersive clays with high contents in SAR and ESP, which give the rates of swelling until 12%. The process presence of piping is linked to two concrete situations: the massive intermediate levels of the intermediate Holocene filling sediments and the sediments deposited by the gullies: whereas in the tertiary materials it does not manage to develop. The size and scale of the pipes studied show a clear relationship among the level thickness, slope and hydraulic gradient. In the Holocene landfills the principal bounding factor is the levels thickness since the lower laminated levels do not facilitate the continuity in depth of the process due to the high number of discontinuities, generating centimeter-scale conduits that are always on duty to the drainage network. (Author) 5 refs.

  7. 'Acta vectigalia regni navarrae': hacia un corpus documental de los comptos reales (1259-1328)

    OpenAIRE

    Mugueta Moreno, Íñigo

    2002-01-01

    La Universidad Pública de Navarra y el Gobierno de Navarra, colaboran desde hace cuatro años en un proyecto de edición de fuentes documentales fiscales de la Edad Media navarra. El Archivo General de Navarra, y en especial la sección de "Comptos", depositaria del archivo de la antigua Cámara de Comptos, aporta un enorme caudal de información para el estudio de la Baja Edad Media. El profesor Carrasco y sus colaboradores han iniciado la edición de ocho volúmenes de documentación fiscal, inicia...

  8. Drainage and reclamation of salt-affected soils in the bardenas area, Spain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Martinez Beltran, J.

    1978-01-01

    Chapter 1The Ebro basin is situated in north-eastern Spain and forms a geographic unit bounded by high mountains. The Bardenas area lies in the Ebro basin and forms part of the Bardenas Alto - Aragón irrigation scheme, which was designed to make use of the surface water resources from the Pyrenees.C

  9. Caracterización de los nidos de Aguila Real (Aquila chrysaëtos) en Navarra.

    OpenAIRE

    Fernandez, C

    1986-01-01

    Se presentan los datos referentes a 90 nidos de 25 parejas de   Aguila real (A. chrysaëtus) establecidos en el extremo occidental   de la vertiente meridional de los Pirineos. Se obtienen conclusiones sobre: número de nidos utilizables por   pareja, distancias entre nidos, altitud y posición relativa de   los nidos en los cortados, localización de los nidos en los   árboles y cortados, orientaciones predominantes, construcción y   arreglo de los nidos, dimensiones de los ...

  10. Espaciamiento y dispersión de nidos de Búho Real (Bubo bubo) en Navarra (Norte de la Península Ibérica).

    OpenAIRE

    DONAZAR, J.A.

    1988-01-01

    En Navarra (norte de la Península Ibérica) la distancia entre   nidos de Bubo bubo está inversamente correlacionada con la   abundancia de Oryctolagus cuniculus en las inmediaciones del   nido. La dispersión espacial de los nidos sigue un modelo regular   en la mayor parte del área de estudio pero presenta una   distribución contagiosa en zonas con grandes cañones fluviales.

  11. Triangular facets of slope in the region of Tudela (Ebro Basin, Navarra, Spain); Facetas triangulares de ladera en la region de Tudela (Depresion del Ebro, Navarra, Espana)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marin, C.; Desir, G.; Gutierrez, M.

    2009-07-01

    Some triangular slope facets are localized to the south of Bardenas Reales (central-west of Ebro Basin), elaborated on Tudela Formation deposits, Aragonian in age. Three of them have been dated by OSL resulting on ages of 35,588{+-}2,488 yr. BP, 35,355{+-}2,446 yr. BP and 40.185{+-}2,411 yr. BP. The origin of these facets is ought to an alternation between accumulation and incision phases produced by vegetation cover variation percentage. Those vegetation cover changes are estimated to be due to climatic changes. (Author) 21 refs.

  12. Impacto económico de la salinidad de los suelos en la agricultura de Bardenas I

    OpenAIRE

    Zekri, Slim; Albisu Aguado, Luis Miguel; Aragüés Lafarga, Ramón; Herrero Isern, Juan

    1990-01-01

    La acumulación de sales en los suelos es uno de los problemas que afecta a los regadíos en Bardenas. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar las pérdidas económicas actuales así como los futuros beneficios que resultarían con la recuperación de estos suelos salinos. Mediante la programación lineal multiobjetivo se intenta presentar la situación actual con los niveles de salinidad existentes. Utilizando la misma metodología se simula una situación futura suponiendo que no existiera salinidad. ...

  13. Nuevo monumento de puerta perforada en Navarra

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    Javier ARMENDÁRIZ MARUJA

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Se da la noticia del reciente descubrimiento de una estructura funeraria de tipo hipogeo, con cubierta megalítica y puerta perforada en el término de Viana (Navarra. El monumento se halla en proceso de excavación, estimándose para él una cronología del Calcolítico Antiguo.ABSTRACT: We report here the recent discovery of a burial underground structure, with a megalithic roof and a pierced door at Viana (Navarra. The site is being dug up, and its estimated age dates from the Ancient Calcolithic Period.

  14. Distribución de Crocus nevadensis Amo & Campo, Rest. Farm. 1861 en Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Cavero, R.Y. (Rita Yolanda); Garde-Navarro, M.L. (M. L.); Lopez, M L

    1992-01-01

    Distribución y ecología de Crocus nevadensis Amo & Campo in Navarra. Se ha estudiado la distribución y el hábitat de Crocus nevadensis en la provincia de Navarra. Abstract: Distribution and ecology of Crocus nevadensis Amo & Campo in Navarra. We give the distribution and habitat of Crocus nevadensis in the Navarra country.

  15. Centro de estudios avanzados, Baquedano (Navarra)

    OpenAIRE

    Damià Vera, Irene

    2012-01-01

    Cabe destacar la intención de camuflar el edificio e integrarlo en el entorno para que el impacto visual sea mínimo, ya que se encuentra ubicado en una reserva natural de la biosfera. La cubierta está concebida como quinta fachada. El programa de laboratorios se completa con una biblioteca y una pequeña cafetería. Ciafarone, AC. (2011). Centro de estudios avanzados. Baquedano, Navarra. http://hdl.handle.net/10251/15652. Archivo delegado

  16. Ruppia drepanensis Tineo ex Guss. en Navarra

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    María A. Ibargutxi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Una población de Ruppia drepanensis Tineo ex Guss. ha sido hallada en la balsa de Zolina-Ezkoriz, es la primera cita de esta especie hidro-halófila en Navarra y podría representar una de las poblaciones más extensas en su límite norte de distribución. La población de R. drepanensis constituye el hábitat de numerosos insectos acuáticos halófilos que colonizan su entorno, algunos de ellos con gran interés de conservación.

  17. La Vasconia de Manuel Risco y la polémica subsiguiente sobre el pasado de Navarra

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    Mikelarena Peña, Fernando

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The publication of La Vasconia, Volume XXXII from the España Sagrada collection, by Manuel Risco generated a controversy about the origins of the kingdom of Navarre. Its contents may be related with ideas about the history of Navarre held by Campomanes. In this controversy took part Juan Antonio Fernández and Miguel de Hualde, who did not get the support of the navarre Diputation. Risco's work would have echoes in the contribution about Navarre made by Traggia in 1802 published in the Dictionary of the Royal Academy of History.La publicación de La Vasconia, volumen XXXII de la colección España Sagrada, de Manuel Risco generó una polémica sobre los orígenes del reino de Navarra. Sus contenidos se pueden relacionar con las ideas sobre la historia de Navarra que sostenía Campomanes. En esa polémica participaron Juan Antonio Fernández y Miguel de Hualde, que no consiguieron el apoyo de la Diputación. La obra de Risco tendría ecos en la aportación realizada sobre Navarra por Traggia en 1802 editada en el Diccionario de la Real Academia de la Historia.

  18. El trasplante en Navarra y España Transplantation in Navarra and Spain

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    J. J. Unzué

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available La donación de órganos y tejidos es un proceso admitido en nuestra sociedad como algo habitual, así ante la inminencia de la muerte, y el planteamiento de la gravedad del paciente, en una UCI, la familia ofrece los órganos y/o tejidos antes de solicitarlos. Como cifra clave, al finalizar el año 2005, se produjeron tres datos históricos: por un lado, en España ha pasado de 35 donaciones por millón -¡récord mundial!-, y por otro lado, se ha conseguido la cifra más baja de negativas familiares de la historia, situándonos por debajo del 16 por millón, y además se ha podido rebasar la cifra de 1.500 donantes en un año. El hecho de llevar más de 30 años de experiencia en donación y trasplante ha permitido optimizar métodos y protocolos y distribuir con eficacia funciones sobre la base de la especialización; el Hospital de Navarra se encarga preferentemente de la extracción de órganos; el Hospital Virgen del Camino se ocupa de la captación de tejidos, y la Clínica Universitaria de Navarra del proceso quirúrgico del trasplante. En este trabajo se ofrecen datos de los distintos trasplantes haciendo referencia continuamente a los datos producidos entre los años 1995 y 2005; cuando la ocasión lo requiere, se citan también datos anteriores y se establecen algunas comparaciones con el resto de España y otros países.The donation of organs and tissues is accepted in our society as a normal process; thus it frequently happens that when, in the face of imminent death, we inform the family of the severity of the patient in an intensive care unit, they offer us the organs and/or tissues before they are even asked. That is to say that in our milieu the degree of awareness and generosity is very high. As a sort of magic figure, three historic events occurred at the end of 2005: on the one hand, Spain exceeded the figure of 35 donations per million - a world record; on the other hand, we obtained the lowest figure of family refusals in

  19. Evaluating irrigation scheduling of hydroponic tomato in Navarra, Spain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lizarraga, H.J.; Boesveld, H.; Huibers, F.P.; Robles, H.

    2003-01-01

    The correct supply of water and nutrients is important in hydroponic growing systems in order to use water efficiently, avoid stress situations, and control production. The present study was conducted to evaluate two irrigation scheduling techniques for hydroponic tomato production in Navarra, north

  20. Vigilancia epidemiológica de las infecciones por el VIH/sida en Navarra entre 1985 y 2002 Epidemiological surveillance of HIV/Aids infections in Navarra between 1985 and 2002

    OpenAIRE

    MORENO, C.; F. Irisarri; M. Urtiaga; Sola, J.; Fernández, C.; Martínez, V.; J. Sáinz de Murieta; I. Dorronsoro

    2003-01-01

    En el año 1985 se diagnosticaron en Navarra los primeros casos de sida. Desde entonces y hasta diciembre de 2002 según las notificaciones recibidas se han contabilizado 2.329 personas con infección por VIH, de las que 1.538 eran de Navarra y 791 residentes temporales en esta comunidad autónoma. La incidencia de nuevos diagnósticos de infección por VIH y casos de sida muestran una clara tendencia descendente en Navarra en los últimos años. La disminución de casos ha sido muy importante entre l...

  1. La neorruralidad y sus significados. El caso de Navarra

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    Rivera, María Jesús

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines some of the meanings that are sometimes neglected under the generic term of neorurality. From our point of view, moving one’s home from town to countryside is not solely a change of house, but a life venture, bringing together social representations of the rural and the urban, of country life and the urban lifestyle. In the case of people who have moved from Pamplona (county town of Navarre, a northern region of Spain to any rural area of Navarre, these representations, along with the broad heterogeneity of underlying reasons and expectations for the future, have shaped three different types of neo-rurality. They represent, somehow, three ways of constructing differing rural spaces (and ruralities. The paper analyses these types of neo-ruralities and the significance of the move for the migrants in the context of Navarre. To do this, we analyse the discourse expressed in diverse indepth interviews conducted with people who have identified themselves as urban-to-rural migrants.

    El presente artículo tiene como objetivo indagar en los significados que se esconden tras el concepto paraguas de neorruralidad. El cambio residencial de la ciudad al campo es concebido aquí no sólo como un cambio de vivienda, sino como una apuesta vital en la que confluyen una serie de representaciones sociales sobre lo rural y lo urbano, sobre la vida en el pueblo y la vida en la ciudad. En el caso de quienes abandonaron Pamplona e instalaron su hogar en un pueblo de Navarra, estas representaciones y la heterogeneidad de expectativas de futuro subyacentes conforman tres tipos de neorruralidad diferentes que representan, a su vez, distintos modos de construir espacios rurales (y ruralidades diferenciados, más o menos divergentes. A través del discurso expresado en una serie de entrevistas en profundidad, realizadas a personas que se autoidentificaban como migrantes urbano-rurales, exploramos estos tres tipos de neorruralidad y el sentido

  2. [Analysis of body image perception of university students in navarra].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soto Ruiz, Ma Nelia; Marin Fernández, Blanca; Aguinaga Ontoso, Inés; Guillén-Grima, Francisco; Serrano Mozó, Inmaculada; Canga Armayor, Navidad; Hermoso de Mendoza Cantón, Juana; Stock, Christiane; Kraemer, Alexander; Annan, James

    2015-05-01

    Introducción: Los modelos de belleza actuales representan una extremada delgadez en las mujeres y un cuerpo musculoso en los hombres. La propia percepción de imagen corporal va a condicionar la búsqueda del ideal de belleza, a través de diferentes conductas y comportamientos, que en último término pueden transformarse en trastornos de conducta alimentaria. Los jóvenes universitarios sometidos a los cambios propios de la juventud y de la transición universitaria, son un grupo de población especialmente vulnerable. Objetivo: El objetivo del estudio consistió en describir la percepción de la imagen corporal (PIC) de estudiantes universitarios en Navarra. Método: Se incluyeron 1.162 participantes de entre 17 y 35 años, que respondieron a un cuestionario de autocumplimentación anónimo y firmaron un consentimiento informado para someterse a mediciones antropométricas que permitieron calcular el índice de masa corporal. Para conocer la percepción de imagen corporal, los sujetos eligieron de entre 9 siluetas de hombres y mujeres, aquella con la que mejor se identificaban. Resultados: El 55,6% de los estudiantes tuvo una percepción de imagen corporal que no se correspondía con la realidad. Sobreestimando su índice de masa corporal el 9,7% de los hombres y el 58,1% de las mujeres. Discusión: Un alto porcentaje de universitarios tenían una percepción de imagen corporal que no se correspondía con la realidad, mostrando la preocupación de este grupo de población por su imagen corporal. Se identificaron más casos de alteración de la percepción de imagen corporal en mujeres, que en general sobreestimaban su índice de masa corporal. En los hombres, la tendencia era a subestimarlo. Coincidiendo con otras investigaciones, el sobrepeso/obesidad influye en la PIC. Los estudiantes más corpulentos, de ambos sexos, tendían a subestimar su índice de masa corporal.

  3. La “botiga” del hierro. Fiscalidad y producción industrial en Navarra (1362-1404

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    Mugueta Moreno, Iñigo

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The development of the iron industry in the north region of the Kingdom of Navarre was recorded in the fiscal accounts of the royal administration since the second half of the XIII century. However, the Kingdom of Navarre, will not look at this industrial development as a fiscal resource until the second half of the XIV century, with Charles II. The growing needs of his political strategies forced him to increase the fiscal pressure on his citizens, specially since 1362, in the uptake of indirect taxation. The disposed actions of this King will lead him to significantly increase the income earned on the iron industry: first, he seized lordships that were rich in mineral resources and forestry; later he developed a complex tax policy, which even led him to create a monopoly on the iron production in the Kingdom since 1376.

    El origen de la actividad siderúrgica en el norte de Navarra se detecta en los libros de cuentas de la administración real a partir de la segunda mitad del siglo XIII. Sin embargo, no será hasta la segunda mitad del siglo XIV cuando los reyes de Navarra (en concreto Carlos II, vea en este desarrollo industrial una fuente de recursos fiscales. Las crecientes necesidades de sus estrategias políticas le llevaron a un incremento de la presión fiscal sobre sus súbditos, con un especial énfasis desde 1362 en la captación de impuestos indirectos. La acción decidida de este monarca le permitió aumentar notablemente los ingresos percibidos sobre la industria siderúrgica, primero tras la incautación de señoríos nobiliarios ricos en recursos mineros y forestales, y más tarde por medio del desarrollo de un complejo programa fiscal, que incluyó la creación de un monopolio sobre la producción de hierro en el reino desde 1376.

  4. Influencia de los tiempos de respuesta prehospitalarios en la supervivencia de los pacientes politraumatizados en Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    B. Ali Ali; M. Fortún Moral; T. Belzunegui Otano; R. Teijeira Álvarez; D. Reyero Díez; A. Cabodevilla Górriz

    2015-01-01

    La relación entre los tiempos de respuesta y la mortalidad de los pacientes politraumatizados en la denominada "hora de oro" sigue siendo tema de debate. El objetivo del presente estudio es determinar las variables relacionadas con la mortalidad en dichos pacientes y la influencia de los tiempos de respuesta de los Servicios Médicos de Emergencia en dicha mortalidad. Para ello se analizaron los datos del Registro "Major Trauma de Navarra" (cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes politraumatizados ...

  5. QUALITY AUDIT AS A SERVICE IN THE INSPECTORATE OF EDUCATION OF NAVARRA

    OpenAIRE

    Joseba Ozkoidi Pérez; Andoni Albeniz Bratos

    2014-01-01

    Public policies in many countries drive towards improving both school performance and autonomy, besides accountability. Among the main issues insisted upon are school management and functioning, which are linked to educational leadership. To attain this purpose, many schools implement certified management systems leading in turn to external recognition. In Navarra, after experiencing with the ISO 9001 and EFQM models, the Department of Education resolved to create its own quality management s...

  6. Los hijos como víctimas: el infanticidio en Navarra (siglos XVI-XVII

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    Mikel Berraondo Piudo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El fenómeno de la violencia interpersonal ha resultado muy atractivo para los histo-riadores interesados tanto en la cultura popular como en el proceso de formación del estado moderno. De entre todos los casos de violencia, el infanticidio fue uno de los más duramente perseguidos por la justicia, y produjo actitudes en la comunidad que abarcaban desde la incredulidad hasta el desprecio por aquellas mujeres que cometían un acto atroz. También el derecho canónico intervino, condenando duramente a los infanticidas mediante la teología moral. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar este fenó-meno en la Navarra moderna, comparando los resultados obtenidos con otros lugares de Europa. Navarra, pequeño reino fronterizo, nos permite acercarnos al estudio del infanticidio desde múltiples puntos de vista, aprovechando la documentación conservada en el Archivo General de Navarra, y analizarlo desde un punto de vista tanto cuantitativo como cualitativo.

  7. Genetic diversity, structure and individual assignment of Casta Navarra cattle: a well-differentiated fighting bull population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanz, A; Martin-Burriel, I; Cons, C; Reta, M; Poblador, A; Rodellar, C; Zaragoza, P

    2014-02-01

    The Casta Navarra lineage was one of the populations used to establish the fighting bull (FB) breed, and it has also been reproductively isolated from the others FBs. A total of 1284 individuals from two generations of 16 Casta Navarra herds were sampled to analyse their diversity, their genetic structure and the ability of 28 microsatellite markers to assign individuals to closely related populations. These animals were compared with closely related phylogenetic (FB) or geographical (Pirenaica and Monchina) populations. Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium analysis showed that 82% of the loci had a significant heterozygote deficit as a consequence of the Wahlund effect. The average proportion of genetic variation explained by farm differences was 9% by Wright's FST index. A phylogenetic tree constructed with a neighbour-joining method based on Reynolds genetic distances and a Bayesian Markov chain Monte Carlo clustering approach revealed clear differences between farm groups that generally corresponded to historical information and could unambiguously differentiate Casta Navarra cattle from the other populations. The percentage of animals correctly assigned to the Casta Navarra population was 91.78% for a q threshold of >0.9. Admixture was only detected in 4.45% (q < 0.8) of the cattle. These results are relevant for the maintenance and development of diversity and conservation in the Casta Navarra population.

  8. Epilepsia infantil en Navarra Epilepsy in children in Navarre

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    T. Durá

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. Calcular la incidencia anual de epilepsia, así como la distribución relativa de los distintos tipos de epilepsias y síndromes epilépticos en la población infantil. Material y métodos. Se han registrado de manera prospectiva todos los pacientes menores de 15 años diagnosticados de epilepsia y residentes en Navarra entre enero de 2003 y diciembre de 2005. De cada paciente se recogieron datos epidemiológicos, clínicos y exámenes complementarios. Los criterios diagnósticos aplicados fueron los de la International League Againts Epilepsy (ILAE. Resultados. Fueron diagnosticados 142 casos nuevos de epilepsia (18 lactantes, 47 preescolares, 39 escolares y 38 adolescentes. La incidencia anual era de 62,1 casos por 100.000 (95% CI: 61,6-62,6, con una máxima incidencia en el primer año de vida (103,9/100.000 para luego ir disminuyendo gradualmente hasta la adolescencia (50,4/100.000. El 57% de los pacientes presentaban epilepsias focales, el 41,5% generalizadas y el 1,4% de localización indeterminada. En los lactantes, el síndrome de West (44,4% y las epilepsias asociadas a síndromes específicos (27,7% eran los síndromes epilépticos más prevalentes. En los preescolares, lo eran las epilepsias focales criptogénicas (25,5% o sintomáticas (21,3%. En los escolares, las epilepsias focales idiopáticas (25,6% o criptogénicas (20,5% y las ausencias (17,9%. Y en los adolescentes, las epilepsias focales criptogénicas (21,1% o idiopáticas (18,4%. Conclusiones. La incidencia anual de la epilepsia infantil en nuestro medio coincide con la descrita en los países occidentales (62,1 casos/100.000. Los datos publicados respecto a la frecuencia relativa de las epilepsias y síndromes epilépticos son muy discordantes, lo que advierte de la complejidad del diagnóstico sindrómico en la infancia y de la necesidad de aplicar criterios uniformes en orden a disponer de datos epidemiológicos válidos y comparables.Background. To estimate

  9. El Programa Dental de Atención Infantil (PADI de Navarra y del País Vasco: logros y nuevas metas The Infant Oral Care Program (PADI of Navarra and the Basque Country: achievements and new goals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.M. Freire

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo analiza brevemente los resultados del Programa de Atención Dental Infantil (PADI del País Vasco (1990 y Navarra (1991 dirigido a niños de 6 a 15 años. A los 12 años, la ausencia de caries pasó en el País Vasco del 31 % en 1988 al 57 % en 1998, siendo del 58 % en Navarra (1997; el número de caries se redujo en Navarra en un 64 %, y un 54% en el País Vasco, y el índice de restauración fue del 81 % en Navarra y del 73 % en el País Vasco (era 17 % en 1988. Se destaca la importancia de una buena evaluación de estos programas y las oportunidades que abre el análisis comparado entre las comunidades autónomas españolas, para analizar la contribución de factores que son distintos, y valorar el impacto de los programas en las desigualdades sociales en salud. Los resultados del PADI superan los objetivos iniciales de los Planes de Salud de Navarra (1991 y del País Vasco (1990 y avalan la adopción de estos programas por parte de comunidades autónomas españolas. El desarrollo de estos programas plantea nuevos objetivos en la política de salud dental de Navarra y del País Vasco y, sobre todo, obliga a reflexionar sobre la necesidad de que España incluya la salud pública dental en su política de salud y de que el Sistema Nacional de Salud en su conjunto incluya los servicios dentales dentro de sus prestaciones.This paper briefly analyses the results of the Infant Dental Care Program (PADI of the Basque Country (1990 and Navarra (1991, aimed at children aged from 6 and 15 years. At the age 12, the lack of caries rose from 31% in 1988 to 57% in 1998 in the Basque Country, while it was 58% in Navarra (1997; the number of caries fell in Navarra by some 64% and by some 54% in the Basque Country, and the index of restoration was 81% in Navarra and 73% in the Basque Country (it was 17% in 1988. Emphasis is placed on the importance of a good evaluation of these programs and the opportunities that are opened up by the comparative

  10. Estudio e identificación de animales de la raza bovina de lidia de Casta Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Orrillo Cerdán, Naiara

    2010-01-01

    El ITG Ganadero, junto con el Departamento de Desarrollo Rural y Medio Ambiente del Gobierno de Navarra, vienen desarrollando desde 1998 el “Plan de recuperación y conservación del encaste fundacional Casta Navarra dentro de la raza de Lidia como ecotipo en peligro de extinción”. En la primera fase del estudio, orientada a la caracterización e identificación de los animales de “Casta Navarra”, se partió de un grupo de seis ganaderías de las cuales se recopiló toda la documen...

  11. Soil Properties Database of Spanish Soils. Volume XIII.- Navarra and La Rioja; Base de Datos de Propiedades Edafologicas de los Suelos Espanoles. Volumen XIII.- Navarra y La Rioja

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trueba, C.; Millan, R.; Schmid, T.; Lago, C.; Roquero, C.; Magister, M. [Ciemat, Madrid (Spain)

    2000-07-01

    The soil vulnerability determines the sensitivity of the soil after an accidental radioactive contamination due to Cs-137 and Sr-90. The Departamento de Impacto Ambiental de la Energia of CIEMAT is carrying out an assessment of the radiological vulnerability of the different Spanish soils found on the Iberian Peninsula. This requires the knowledge of the soil properties for the various types of existing soils. In order to achieve this aim, a bibliographical compilation of soil profiles has been made to characterize the different soil types and create a database of their properties. depending on the year of publication and the type of documentary source the information prior to its incorporation to the database. This volume presents the criteria applied to normalize and process the data as well as the soil properties of the various soil types belonging to the Comunidades Autonomas of Navarra and La Rioja. (Author) 46 refs.

  12. Armeros milaneses en Navarra: la producción de Eugui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Godoy, José A.

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1595, Philip II summoned a group of Milanese armourers to settle in Eugui (Navarre. Their main work was produced under Philip III. This paper studies these armourers, their trademarks. creations, working conditions and relationships.

    Felipe II ordenó en 1595 el establecimiento en Eugui (Navarra de un grupo de armeros milaneses especializados en el arte de la armadura. Las principales obras se produjeron sin embargo durante el reinado de Felipe III. Se estudia detenidamente la manufactura de Eugui, sus marcas, obras, las circunstancias de sus trabajos y sus relaciones laborales.

  13. Incidencia de cáncer en Navarra (1998-2000) Incidence of cancer in Navarre

    OpenAIRE

    Ardanaz, E.; Moreno, C; M.E. Pérez de Rada Arístegui; C. Ezponda; N. Navaridas

    2004-01-01

    Entre 1998 y 2000 se registraron un promedio anual de 3.303 casos de cáncer invasivo en Navarra, el 58% en hombres. Si exceptuamos los tumores de piel no melanoma el número anual de casos fue de 2.495, con tasas de incidencia bruta de 559 y 372 por 100.000 en hombres y en mujeres y unas tasas ajustadas a la población mundial de 312 y 203 por 100.000, respectivamente. Entre los hombres las cuatro localizaciones tumorales más frecuentemente diagnosticadas fueron próstata, pulmón, colorectal y v...

  14. Estudio de las ectomicorrizas en una trufera cultivada situada en Olóriz (Navarra).

    OpenAIRE

    Etayo, M.L. (M. L.); Miguel Velasco, A.M. (Ana Maria) de

    1998-01-01

    En el presente trabajo se aportan los resultados obtenidos en el estudio de las ectomicorrizas presentes en una trufera cultivada situada en Olóriz (Navarra), plantada con árboles (encinas, robles y avellanos) micorrizados por la trufa negra Tuber melanosporum Vitt, a partir de los muéstreos realizados estacionalmente en primavera y otoño durante los años 1996 y 1997. Se han clasificado un total de 7 tipos micorrícicos, en 5 de los cuales se ha identificado el simbionte fúng...

  15. Comunidad y cencerrada en el control de la vida matrimonial: Navarra siglos XVI-XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Ruiz Astiz

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available La cencerrada actuó durante la Edad Moderna como un mecanismo cultural destina-do a sancionar las prácticas desviadas y nocivas que atentaban contra el bienestar comunitario. Uno de los comportamientos que fueron per-seguidos por estos juicios de carácter popular fueron los malos tratos en el matrimonio u otras conductas, como el adulterio o el alcoho-lismo. En este artículo se pretende analizar la actitud mostrada por el vecindario en la Navarra de los siglos XVI, XVII, como «guardián» de unos valores comunitarios.

  16. ViasNAV: Implementación de un sitema de información geográfica de la red viaria de Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Lucas Ibáñez, Asier

    2015-01-01

    En este Trabajo de Fin de Grado hemos desarrollado una aplicación para la gestión viaria de las carreteras navarras, denominada “ViasNAV”. Ha sido realizada gracias a los recursos Open Data que el Gobierno de Navarra tiene disponibles públicamente en su página web, además de otra información obtenida por nosotros. Para su representación hemos empleado los mapas que también públicamente tiene a disposición SITNA (Sistema de Información Territorial de Navarra). La principal novedad de est...

  17. El proceso de reforma administrativa de la renta del Tabaco en Navarra durante el siglo XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Solbes Ferri

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo está centrado en la evolución de la gestión administrativa del monopolio fiscal del tabaco en Navarra durante la centuria dieciochesca. Su inicio se sitúa en el arrendamiento del estanco en 1717 por el Gobierno central a la Hacienda foral de Navarra -propietaria del mismo desde su creación en 1642- y analiza las sucesivas fases a través de las cuáles dicha administración central fue progresivamente adquiriendo el control absoluto de la renta en este territorio.The present paper is specially based in the evolution of the administration of the tobacco state monopoly in the Kingdom of Navarre during the eighteen century. We start in the lease of the income in 1717 to his old owner (the Foral Administration since 1642 and analyse the following phases through the Central Government was getting the control of the monopoly in this territory.

  18. Epidemiological Characteristics and Overall Burden of Accidental Injuries in Navarra, Spain: Epidemiology of Injuries in Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferraz-Torres, Marta; Belzunegui-Otano, Tomás; Martínez-García, Oscar; Iriarte-Cerdán, Laura; Salgado-Reguero, Esther

    2016-01-01

    Injuries caused by accidents or violent situations in pediatric patients are a serious social problem where prevention plays a key role. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiological situation of pediatric injuries in Spain. A prospective study of pediatric patients receiving care in the Emergency Service of the Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra due to for reasons of accidental injury was conducted. The study covered a period of 1 year and assessed a total of 16 variables. There were a total of 8,876 patients, of whom 56.4% were males. Traumatic injuries such as fractures and craniocerebral trauma were identified as the most frequent injuries, occurring as a result of injuries mainly in the home. In females, there was a decrease in the incidence of injuries related to age. There was a greater incidence at the end of the day, during the weekend, and in the months of March to October. The epidemiological profile of pediatric patients who met with accidents in Navarra, Spain, is described. The knowledge of the main areas and factors related to injuries allows us to improve preventive measures, which would contribute to better control in this region of Spain. PMID:27414146

  19. Vigilancia epidemiológica de las infecciones por el VIH/sida en Navarra entre 1985 y 2002 Epidemiological surveillance of HIV/Aids infections in Navarra between 1985 and 2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C Moreno

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available En el año 1985 se diagnosticaron en Navarra los primeros casos de sida. Desde entonces y hasta diciembre de 2002 según las notificaciones recibidas se han contabilizado 2.329 personas con infección por VIH, de las que 1.538 eran de Navarra y 791 residentes temporales en esta comunidad autónoma. La incidencia de nuevos diagnósticos de infección por VIH y casos de sida muestran una clara tendencia descendente en Navarra en los últimos años. La disminución de casos ha sido muy importante entre los usuarios de drogas de inyección, mientras que los casos entre los homo/bisexuales y los casos relacionados con la transmisión heterosexual se mantienen bastante estables. En el período 1999-2002, los casos de infección a través de una relación sexual son más numerosos que los casos registrados en usuarios de drogas de inyección. La proporción de casos en personas originarias de países de alta endemia está aumentando, llegando a suponer en torno al 25% de los nuevos casos de infección en el período 2000-2002. El seguimiento de los 1.538 pacientes VIH de Navarra ha mostrado que a finales del 2002, en el 39,5% se había registrado el fallecimiento y en el 55% se pudo constatar que seguían vivos. En cuanto a su relación con los servicios asistenciales, se ha encontrado que de los 847 pacientes que continúan vivos, una gran mayoría (80% están siendo atendidos por el Servicio de Infecciosas del Hospital de Navarra y otro 9,4% en los Servicios de Medicina Interna de los Hospitales García Orcoyen y Reina Sofía.In the year 1985, the first cases of Aids were diagnosed in Navarra. Since then and until December 2002, according to the notifications received, 2,329 persons with HIV have been counted, of whom 1,538 were from Navarra and 791 temporary residents in this autonomous community. In recent years, the incidence of new diagnoses of HIV infection and cases of Aids has shown a clear tendency to fall in Navarra. The decrease in cases

  20. Crisis económica y cambios en las relaciones industriales. El caso de Navarra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esther Casares García

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Desde un punto de vista de la Sociología, las crisis entrañan cambios y, en general, cambios positivos. En Navarra se observen claros síntomas de que la crisis ha tocado fondo y comienza la etapa de la recuperación. Los sindicatos han tenido que negociar y gestionar situaciones muy complicadas. Las mismas empresas, ante la grave problemática que suponía el despido, han estado abiertas a nuevas soluciones. Los Jefes/Directores de Recursos Humanos han jugado un papel que les ha dado un protagonismo nuevo. Descubrir los cambios, medir su intensidad y la dirección de los mismos es lo que pretende el presente estudio.

  1. QUALITY AUDIT AS A SERVICE IN THE INSPECTORATE OF EDUCATION OF NAVARRA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseba Ozkoidi Pérez

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Public policies in many countries drive towards improving both school performance and autonomy, besides accountability. Among the main issues insisted upon are school management and functioning, which are linked to educational leadership. To attain this purpose, many schools implement certified management systems leading in turn to external recognition. In Navarra, after experiencing with the ISO 9001 and EFQM models, the Department of Education resolved to create its own quality management system, the SGCC 2013, whose certification corresponds to the Inspectorate of Education. This constitutes an act of great significance, given its influence on the processes of teaching and learning. All inspectors participate in the auditing processes aimed at adding value to the school's dynamic of continuous improvement. Inspectors also collaborate in the EFQM assessment of the Excellence Award.

  2. Icnitas de artiodactilos (Mammalia del Paleogeno de Olcoz (Depresion del Ebro, Navarra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murelaga, X.

    1994-04-01

    Full Text Available A group of fossil mammal ichnites from the proximity of the town of Olcoz (Navarra, Ebro Basin is described herein. The tracks occur on sandstone beds of the Mués Formation of Suevian (Early Oligocene age. Owing to their morphology these ichnites have been assigned to artiodactyl mammals and can be compared to Entelodontipus forms. Moreover, this represents the second known finding of this ichnogenus. Among the tracks of this deposit there is a significant heterogeneity which is due to the variable penetration and displacement of the autopodes on the substrate. On Olcoz the presence of abundant ichnites that follow subparallel tracks allows the establishment of the gregarious behaviour of the producers of such tracks.Se describe un conjunto de icnitas fósiles de mamíferos ubicado en los alrededores de la localidad navarra de Olcoz (Depresión del Ebro. Las huellas se localizan en niveles areniscosos de la «Formación de Mués», de posible edad Sueviense (Oligoceno inferior. Por su morfología pueden asignarse a mamíferos artiodáctilos y resultan comparables a Entelodontipus, constituyendo este hallazgo una segunda cita para dicho icnogénero. En este yacimiento se constata una notable variabilidad morfológica de las huellas, resultado de la distinta penetración y desplazamiento de los autópodos en el sustrato. La presencia en Olcoz de numerosas icnitas formando rastros subparalelos permite inferir el comportamiento gregario de sus productores.

  3. Influencia de los tiempos de respuesta prehospitalarios en la supervivencia de los pacientes politraumatizados en Navarra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Ali Ali

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available La relación entre los tiempos de respuesta y la mortalidad de los pacientes politraumatizados en la denominada "hora de oro" sigue siendo tema de debate. El objetivo del presente estudio es determinar las variables relacionadas con la mortalidad en dichos pacientes y la influencia de los tiempos de respuesta de los Servicios Médicos de Emergencia en dicha mortalidad. Para ello se analizaron los datos del Registro "Major Trauma de Navarra" (cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes politraumatizados atendidos por el sistema sanitario de Navarra durante los cuatro años comprendidos entre 2010 y 2013. De los 217 casos de trauma disponibles para el análisis, fallecieron 42 (19%. En el análisis multivariante no se encontró asociación significativa entre los diferentes tiempos de respuesta y la mortalidad: llegada a la escena (odds ratio (OR 1,0; intervalo de confianza al 95% (IC de 0,99 a 1,01, en el escenario (OR 1,00; IC 95% de 0,98 a 1,02 y tiempo total (OR 1,00; IC 95% de 0,99 a 1,01. Las variables que influyen en la mortalidad son la edad del paciente y la gravedad de las lesiones medidas por el Triage-Revised Trauma Score (T-RTS prehospitalario y el New Injury Severity Score (NISS. La mortalidad de los pacientes politraumatizados atendidos por el sistema de emergencias en nuestra región está influida por la edad, y por la intensidad de la agresión sufrida determinada por el T-RTS prehospitalario y por el NISS. Los tiempos de respuesta prehospitalarios no influyen significativamente.

  4. Propuesta de implantación de una unidad de lactancia materna en el Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Serrano Alonso, Iraia

    2014-01-01

    Las consultas/unidades de lactancia materna son un recurso con el que cuentan ya algunos hospitales españoles. El Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra (CHN) todavía no ha implantado este dispositivo, dejando los cuidados de lactancia en manos de los profesiones sanitaros de los diferentes servicios materno-infantiles. A lo largo del proceso de instauración de la lactancia pueden surgir complicaciones que requieran de una asistencia y seguimiento especializados. Se propone la creaci...

  5. La importancia del atributo origen en la eleccion de productos agroalimentarios. El caso del esparrago de Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Cortinas, Monica; Chocarro, Raquel; Elorz, Margarita; Villanueva, M. Luisa

    2007-01-01

    In this research, we analyze the importance of the extrinsic attributes in the customer's choice of the white asparagus category, paying special attention on the influence of the origin and in the asparagus designation of origin from Navarra. For this, an experiment was designed which included 18 choice screen's with choices made with combinations of the attributes. The results are analyzed according to a logit multinomial model which allows evaluating the importance of the attributes. Due to...

  6. Myotis alcathoe Helversen and Heller, 2001 y Pipistrellus pygmaeus (Leach, 1825, nuevas especies de quirópteros para Navarra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alcalde, J.T.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En el periodo 1998-2007 se han efectuado diversos muestreos nocturnos de la fauna de los quirópteros de Navarra. Para ello se han utilizado redes finas, trampas de arpa y detectores de ultrasonidos. Además se han realizado análisis de ADN mitocondrial para confirmar algunas determinaciones de especies crípticas. En este trabajo se presentan datos de dos nuevas especies de quirópteros halladas en Navarra : Myotis alcathoe y Pipistrellus pygmaeus. La primera se ha encontrado en bosques húmeods y maduros (robledales y hayedos del norte de la región, donde se ha comprobado su cría. P. pygmaeus se ha localizado disperso por buena parte de Navarra y ligado a zonas de ribera de los principales ríos ; cría en edificios y en grietas de árboles. También se menciona el hallazgo por vez primera, de una hembra albina de esta especie.

  7. Situación de las Enfermedades de Declaración Obligatoria (EDO en Navarra: 2002 Diseases of Compulsory Notification (DCN in Navarra: 2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Urtiaga

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Desde 1998, el Sistema de Vigilancia Epidemiológica de Navarra comprende la notificación de 34 enfermedades transmisibles infecciosas a las que se añaden los brotes epidémicos de cualquier etiología y causa. La declaración al sistema se realiza de forma semanal por todo médico que sospeche o diagnostique cualquiera de estos procesos. En nuestra comunidad, las Enfermedades de Declaración Obligatoria (EDO se notifican en impresos normalizados y con periodicidad semanal a la Sección de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Control de Brotes del Instituto de Salud Pública. La declaración la efectúan todos los médicos y/o pediatras de Atención Primaria y de determinados servicios de Asistencia Especializada. Posteriormente, la información se envía al Centro Nacional de Epidemiología donde se centralizan y difunden los datos de las Comunidades Autónomas. Con el año 2002, se cumplen cinco años del nuevo Sistema de Vigilancia Epidemiológica de Navarra. En estos 5 años se han notificado 74.814 declaraciones de enfermedad, 17.184 en el año 2002, lo que arroja para este año un porcentaje de declaración de 74,07%. En el año 2002, en lo que respecta a la rúbrica de enfermedades de transmisión respiratoria, se han notificado 24.870 casos de gripe, Índice Epidémico (IE: 0,80. En las nueve primeras semanas del año se notificaron el 58% de los casos correspondientes al año completo, con un máximo en la semana 4 con 3.277 casos notificados. Se notificaron al sistema 16 casos de Enfermedad Meningocócica (IE: 1,07. Todos ellos fueron confirmados microbiológicamente, presentándose asimismo de manera esporádica. Respecto al serogrupo causal, en 12 ocasiones se aisló Neisseria meningitidis serogrupo B y en las cuatro restantes se aisló el serogrupo C. Un caso se notificó en menores de 2 años (Tasa: 10,52 casos por 100.000 habitantes, otro caso en niños de 2 a 5 años (5,52 casos por 100.000, cinco casos en el grupo de edad de 6 a 19 a

  8. Soil Properties Database of Spanish Soils. Volumen XIII.- Navarra and La Rioja

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The soil vulnerability determines the sensitivity of the soil after an accidental radioactive contamination due to Cs-137 and Sr-90. The Departamento de Impacto Ambiental de la Energia of CIEMAT is carrying out an assessment of the radiological vulnerability of the different Spanish soils found on the Iberian Peninsula. This requires the knowledge of the soil properties for the various types of existing soils. In order to achieve this aim, a bibliographical compilation of soil profiles has been made to characterize the different soil types and create a database of their properties. Depending on the year of publication and the type of documentary source, the information compiled from the available bibliography is very heterogeneous. Therefore, an important effort has been made to normalize and process the information prior to its incorporation to the database. This volume presents the criteria applied to normalize and process the data as well as the soil properties of the various soil types belonging to the Comunidades Autonomas of Navarra and La Rioja. (Author) 46 refs

  9. Formas de religiosidad de la nobleza navarra en la Edad Moderna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orduna Portús, Pablo

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available During the Old Regime, religion permeated all important social, community and cultural events. In this regard, nothing was improvised by the navarresse nobility. A special care was put into the details of each funeral ritual and of the last will. Traditionally seeking help on Earth to atone in Purgatory their sins committed during his earthly life. In that sense, the chaplaincies pious works, arranged in wills play a significant role.Durante el Antiguo Régimen, la religión impregnaba todos los actos de mayor trascendencia social, comunitaria y cultural. A este respecto, nada era improvisado por la nobleza navarra. Se ponía un especial cuidado en los detalles de cada ritual funerario y en las disposiciones de última voluntad. Se tenía presente la necesidad de buscar ayuda en la tierra para la expiación en el Purgatorio de aquellos pecados cometidos a lo largo de su vida terrenal. En ese sentido jugaron un papel sumamente importante la fundación de capellanías y las mandas pías dispuestas en los testamentos.

  10. SALMONELOSIS NO TIFOIDEA EN UN ÁREA DE SALUD DE NAVARRA, ESPAÑA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Gil Setas

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: La gastroenteritis por Salmonella es una zoonosis que se transmite por la ingesti n de alimentos, agua o fomites contaminados por las heces de un animal o persona infectados y constituye una pandemia de distribuci n mundial. El objetivo del trabajo ha sido el estudio de la evoluci n de la salmonelosis no tifoidea en el rea de Salud I de Navarra (376.079 habitantes. M todo: Se analizaron retrospectivamente 39.697 coprocultivos extrahospitalarios realizados durante 1993-2000. Para el aislamiento de enteropat genos bacterianos se emplearon m todos convencionales. Las cepas de Salmonella spp fueron serotipificadas. Otras variables estudiadas fueron edad, sexo, fecha de aislamiento y sensibilidad a antimicrobianos. Resultados: Se aislaron 2.924 Salmonella spp (7,4%. El serotipo m s frecuente fue Salmonella Enteritidis (62%. La tasa de mayor incidencia se dio en la edad pedi trica y especialmente en los menores de 1 a o (1.117,3 100.000 habitantes. El serotipo Typhimurium fue globalmente m s resistente que el serotipo Enteritidis, aunque en ambos se ha constatado con el tiempo un aumento de las resistencias. Conclusiones: a pesar de las mejoras socioecon micas y de la calidad de vida, la gastroenteritis por Salmonella spp ha ido en aumento en los ltimos a os, afectando sobre todo a los ni os m s peque os y constituyendo un importante problema de salud p blica.

  11. Incapacidad laboral por patología del aparato locomotor en la Comunidad Foral de Navarra: Aspectos epidemiológicos Occupational disability due to locomotor pathology in the Foral Community of Navarra: Epidemiological aspects

    OpenAIRE

    E. Sáinz de Murieta; J. Fernández Baraibar; Pascual, I.; Mena, A.; A. Martínez-Zubiri; M.J. Condón

    2005-01-01

    Introducción. La discapacidad producida por la patología del aparato locomotor ocasiona una pérdida de horas de trabajo y unos costes indirectos que están aumentando a un ritmo creciente. Los objetivos de este estudio son estimar los costes en horas de trabajo totales perdidas ocasionadas por la patología del aparato locomotor en 2 áreas sanitarias de Navarra con 441.600 habitantes, obtener estándares de duración e incidencia de bajas y estudiar la relación entre duración media de las bajas y...

  12. Composición briofítica de los hayedos de Navarra (España)

    OpenAIRE

    Ederra, A.; Lopez, M.L.; Bascones-Carretero, J.C. (Juan Carlos)

    1984-01-01

    Se presenta un catálogo de 175 especies de briófitos recolectados en 19 hayedos de Navarra (España). Se establecen comparaciones entre las taxocenosis muscinales propias de cada tipo de hayedo reconocido (Saxifrago hirsutae-Fagetum Br.-BI. 1967, Helleboro-Fagetum O. de Bolos (1948) 1957, Scillo-Fagetum Br.-BI. 1952 em. O. de Bolos 1957 e Isopyro-Fagetum Montserrat 1968). Los porcentajes de elementos corológicos y afinidades ecológicas de la flora muscinal en cada sintaxon difieren entre sí y ...

  13. Brote nosocomial y comunitario de queratoconjuntivitis epidémica en Navarra

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    Salcedo Miqueleiz Asunción

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: La queratoconjuntivitis epidémica (QCE es una infección aguda, generalmente bilateral, que se presenta de forma esporádica o en brotes a partir de una fuente de infección común, que puede ser una consulta de oftalmología o una piscina. La queratitis puede evolucionar hacia la formación de lesiones subepiteliales cornéales que pueden persistir durante varios meses. El objetivo de este trabaji fue la descripción de un brote de queratoconjuntivitis epidémica ocurrido en Navarra (España entre Abril y Agosto de 1996 que afectó al menos a 266 personas MÉTODOS: Descripción del brote, definición de caso clínico, investigación microbiológica, e investigación epidemiológica del brote mediante encuesta. RESULTADOS: En la investigación epidemiológica destaca la existencia de 2 consultas de oftalmología como mecanismo de transmisión de la enfermedad en 47 de los 116 pacientes investigados. La diseminación de la enfermedad en el entorno de los pacientes se pudo conocer en 119 casos, de éstos, 62 se consideraron casos secundarios. El diagnóstico etiológico del brote se realizó a los 11 días de iniciada la investigación microbiológica, aislándose adenovirus en muestras conjuntivales de 8 de los 19 pacientes investigados. CONCLUSIONES: Las medidas de prevención instauradas para el control del brote y la eficacia de las mismas se pone de manifiesto por la reducción paulatina de casos.

  14. Salmonelosis no tifoidea en un área de salud de navarra, españa

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    Gil-Setas Alberto

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: La gastroenteritis por Salmonella es una zoonosis que se transmite por la ingestión de alimentos, agua o fomites contaminados por las heces de un animal o persona infectados y constituye una pandemia de distribución mundial. El objetivo del trabajo ha sido el estudio de la evolución de la salmonelosis no tifoidea en el Área de Salud I de Navarra (376.079 habitantes. Método: Se analizaron retrospectivamente 39.697 coprocultivos extrahospitalarios realizados durante 1993-2000. Para el aislamiento de enteropatógenos bacterianos se emplearon métodos convencionales. Las cepas de Salmonella spp fueron serotipificadas. Otras variables estudiadas fueron edad, sexo, fecha de aislamiento y sensibilidad a antimicrobianos. Resultados: Se aislaron 2.924 Salmonella spp (7,4%. El serotipo más frecuente fue Salmonella Enteritidis (62%. La tasa de mayor incidencia se dio en la edad pediátrica y especialmente en los menores de 1 año (1.117,3 × 100.000 habitantes. El serotipo Typhimurium fue globalmente más resistente que el serotipo Enteritidis, aunque en ambos se ha constatado con el tiempo un aumento de las resistencias. Conclusiones: a pesar de las mejoras socioeconómicas y de la calidad de vida, la gastroenteritis por Salmonella spp ha ido en aumento en los últimos años, afectando sobre todo a los niños más pequeños y constituyendo un importante problema de salud pública.

  15. “Por la quoal cosa es dapnado”. Suicidio y muerte accidental en la Navarra bajomedieval

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    Baldó Alcoz, Julia

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available

    Suicide was considered all along the Middle Ages an homicide, because the destruction of the sacred present of life and, therefore, the most offensive sin against God, creator of life. Consequently, suicides were subjected to the scorn of the community and suicide brought legal actions, with penalizations such as the confiscation of suicide’s properties and the humbling of their soul and body, hanging and mutilating the corpses and denniying ecclesiastical sepulture. Anyway, suicides commited under madness were not prosecuted. Official theories and regulations of the civil and ecclesiastical authorities were radically different because Church officials preferred to apply prevention methods as cathequesis and forgave and absolve the survivors. In Navarre the legal punishments were employed only by civil authorities because suicide was an act of felony, an offence against the Crown, and Church obeyed the King’s rules.



    El suicidio fue considerado a lo largo de la Edad Media como un homicidio debido a que incurría en el más grave de los pecados: la privación de la propia vida creada por Dios. Por ello estaba sujeto a una serie de castigos inflingidos por su misma comunidad de vecinos así como a penalizaciones legales, entre las que destacaban el embargo de sus bienes, la prohibición de cristiana sepultura y el ajusticiamiento del cadáver. Sin embargo, existieron algunos atenuantes, como la locura, que beneficiaron a los suicidas y minimizaron las penas aplicadas. No obstante, la doctrina eclesiástica, a diferencia del planteamiento de las autoridades civiles, manifestó el afán y la necesidad de evitar los castigos infamantes y optó por la prevención a través de la vía catequética y el perdón de los supervivientes. En Navarra, las actuaciones legales se centraron en el marco civil, por ser el suicidio una traición directa

  16. Las expectativas educativas de la población inmigrante en Navarra. ¿Optimismo inmigrante o efectos de escuela?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cebolla Boado, Héctor

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we use the Evaluation Survey for Secondary Schooling conducted by the Regional Government of Navarra in 2010 to study migrant-native differentials in the educational expectation of students. Our evidence confirms the existence of what the international literature has labelled “immigrant optimism”, in other words, the fact that immigrantorigin students are more ambitious than what should be expected according to their socioeconomic status or their prior school achievement. Once we identify this regularity, the paper explores the causes of this particular differential between migrants and natives suggesting that individual level characteristics (broadly speaking family level features are the most plausible source of this optimism. The sorting of migrants in the Navarre school map and the school characteristics appears to be less relevant to understand this immigrant optimism.Este trabajo explota los micro-datos de la Encuesta de Evaluación de la Educación Secundaria realizado en Navarra en 2010 para estudiar las expectativas educativas de la población escolar en función de su estatus migratorio. En sintonía con la literatura internacional, identificamos en Navarra la confirmación de lo que otros estudios internacionales han denominado “optimismo inmigrante” es decir, el hecho de que las expectativas de los estudiantes de origen inmigrante sean, en media, superiores a las de los autóctonos, dado su rendimiento educativo previo y la situación socioeconómica de sus familias. Identificada esta regularidad, el trabajo explora las causas de este diferencial inmigrante-autóctono sugiriendo que son las características individuales y/o familiares de los inmigrantes las que producen este desajuste entre expectativas y rendimiento. La distribución de inmigrantes en el mapa escolar navarro o las características de la escuela a las que asisten los estudiantes que forman parte del estudio, parecen argumentos poco útiles para

  17. La salud dental de los niños y adolescentes de Navarra, 2007 (4ª edición) Dental health of children and adolescents of Navarra, 2007 (4th edition)

    OpenAIRE

    F.J. Cortés; J. Artázcoz; E. Rosel; GONZÁLEZ, P.; M.A. Asenjo; I. Sáinz de Murieta; Bravo, M.

    2009-01-01

    Fundamento. Transcurridos 5 años desde la última encuesta (2002), se procede a una nueva edición que supone la 4ª desde 1987. El objetivo es conocer el estado de salud oral de niños y adolescentes de Navarra y su evolución. Población y métodos. La muestra (n=1.397) fue seleccionada mediante muestreo probabilístico polietápico, tomando como unidad las aulas de 1º y 6º de Enseñanza Primaria y de 2º de Enseñanza Secundaria Obligatoria. El trabajo de campo se realizó entre los meses de abril y ma...

  18. Incapacidad laboral por patología del aparato locomotor en la Comunidad Foral de Navarra: Aspectos epidemiológicos Occupational disability due to locomotor pathology in the Foral Community of Navarra: Epidemiological aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Sáinz de Murieta

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción. La discapacidad producida por la patología del aparato locomotor ocasiona una pérdida de horas de trabajo y unos costes indirectos que están aumentando a un ritmo creciente. Los objetivos de este estudio son estimar los costes en horas de trabajo totales perdidas ocasionadas por la patología del aparato locomotor en 2 áreas sanitarias de Navarra con 441.600 habitantes, obtener estándares de duración e incidencia de bajas y estudiar la relación entre duración media de las bajas y variables como la accesibilidad geográfica a los servicios de rehabilitación, vivir en entorno rural o urbano y entre diferentes áreas sanitarias. Material y métodos. Se han estudiado todos los procesos de incapacidad temporal por patología del aparato locomotor en las Áreas Sanitarias I y III de Navarra en 1997 y 1998, recogiendo diferentes variables. Se ha realizado un estudio descriptivo de las patologías, contabilizando las jornadas laborales perdidas. Calculamos la incidencia anual de bajas por patologías. Comparamos duración media con otras variables. Resultados. La discapacidad producida por la patología del aparato locomotor supone pérdidas de 221.054 jornadas de trabajo/año. La lumbalgia, el esguince de tobillo son los procesos más frecuentes. Encontramos un aumento en la incidencia de incapacidad temporal por lumbalgia y lumbociatalgia en las zonas básicas rurales de la zona media. No existen diferencias estadísticamente significativas con una pIntroduction. Disability produced by locomotor pahtology causes a loss in working hours and indirect costs that are increasing at a growing rate. The aims of this study are to estimate the costs in total working hours lost caused by this pathology in two health areas of Navarra with 441,600 inhabitants, to obtain standards for the duration and incidence of sick leave and to study the relation between the average duration of sick leave and variables such as the geographical

  19. El «Padrón» y la «Manta» de Tudela Documentos acerca de los judeoconversos y la Inquisición en Navarra

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    Pérez Ochoa, Iñigo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The historians of Navarre in the late Medieval and Early Modern period repeatedly mention a document containing a roll with the names of Jewish householders of Tudela who took baptism in 1498 and agreed to pay in 1510 a tribute to the Crown in order to avoid inquisitorial investigation. This document has been mistakenly identified with the “manta de los judíos” (‘Jews’ blanket’, a sambenito hanging in the cathedral of Tudela showing the converts, and their descendants, that were convicted by the inquisitorial court. In the 17th century, both documents were used as evidence in purity of blood exams brought before the royal court of Navarre. This article analyzes the misunderstanding and investigates the origins and later uses of the documents, describing the copies of the roll that have been preserved.Los historiadores de los judíos y convertidos navarros citan reiteradamente un documento que contiene una nómina completa o «padrón», compuesta por los cabezas de familia judíos bautizados en 1498, que en 1510 pactaron el pago de un tributo a la Corona con objeto de garantizar su inmunidad ante la actuación inquisitorial. De manera errónea se ha denominado a tal nómina «manta de los judíos», por confusión con un gran lienzo o sambenito colgado en la iglesia colegial de Tudela que reproducía los sambenitos que se habían visto obligados a portar los condenados por la Inquisición. Ambos documentos, nómina y «manta», fueron utilizados como prueba en los procesos de limpieza de sangre ante los tribunales reales de Navarra durante el siglo XVII. Este artículo desentraña esta confusión, presenta los datos conocidos sobre la «manta» que colgaba en Tudela, describe las copias conservadas del «padrón», y analiza el origen y posterior uso de los documentos

  20. Incidencia de cáncer en Navarra (1998-2000 Incidence of cancer in Navarre

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    E. Ardanaz

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Entre 1998 y 2000 se registraron un promedio anual de 3.303 casos de cáncer invasivo en Navarra, el 58% en hombres. Si exceptuamos los tumores de piel no melanoma el número anual de casos fue de 2.495, con tasas de incidencia bruta de 559 y 372 por 100.000 en hombres y en mujeres y unas tasas ajustadas a la población mundial de 312 y 203 por 100.000, respectivamente. Entre los hombres las cuatro localizaciones tumorales más frecuentemente diagnosticadas fueron próstata, pulmón, colorectal y vejiga que sumaron el 57% de todos los casos. Entre las mujeres destacan por su frecuencia los tumores de mama, colorectal, cuerpo de útero y ovario que sumaron el 54% del total de los casos. Respecto al quinquenio 1993-97, la incidencia global de cáncer en el trienio 1998-2000 ha aumentado un 4,2% en los hombres y un 7,4% en las mujeres. A destacar el aumento de incidencia de cáncer de pulmón y linfomas no Hodgkin en ambos sexos y del cáncer de mama en mujeres y próstata en hombres. Continúan descendiendo las tasas de incidencia de cáncer de estómago en ambos sexos, siguiendo la tendencia iniciada en los 70.Between 1998 and 2000 an annual average of 3,303 cases of invasive cancer were registered in Navarre, 58% of them in men. If we except non melanoma skin tumours, the annual number of cases was 2,495, with gross incidence rates of 559 and 372 per 100,000 in men and women, and rates adjusted to the world population of 312 and 203 per 100,000 respectively. Amongst men, the four most frequently diagnosed tumoural localisations were the prostate, lung, colorectal and bladder, accounting for 57% of all cases. The most notable due to their frequency amongst women were tumours of the breast, colorectal, uterus body and ovary, accounting for 54% of all cases. With respect to the five year period from 1993 to1997, the global incidence of cancer in the three year period from 1998 to 2000 has increased 4.2% in men and 7.4% in women. The incidence of

  1. Aportación al estudio de los yacimientos líticos postpaleolíticos al aire libre en Navarra

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    Javier ARMENDÁRIZ MARUJA

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: En este artículo se aborda la problemática de los yacimientos de sílex al aire libre en Navarra, proponiendo tras un estudio comparativo, una sistematización cronológica que va desde el Neolítico Pleno a la Edad del Bronce. Paralelamente se define un nuevo útil lítico (Elemento sobre hoja recortada-E.H.R. y se analiza el fenómeno de las llamadas «hachas votivas».ABSTRACT: This article deals with the problem of open-air with remains of flintstone tools in Navarra. Through a comparative survey, it is given a chronology which dates from the Neolithic to the Bronze Age. We also define a new lithic tool (E.H.R. and we analyse the subject of the so named «votive axes».

  2. Allium pyrenaicum Costa and Vayr. (Liliaceae en el Valle del Roncal (Pirineo Occidental, Navarra : Propuesta para su protección legal /

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    Lorda López, M.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Allium pyrenaicum (Liliaceae se cita por primera vez para Navarra (Pirineo Occidental ; se trata de una planta endémica del Pirineo, con área disyunta en Cataluña, al Este, y en Aragón-Navarra, al Oeste. Además de los datos corológicos, en esta nota se estima el tamaño de la población y se comentan su hábitat, posibles riesgos y grado de protección. Tambien se aporta in mapa de distribución del taxón y fotografía de este ajo silvestre.

  3. Los sistemas de información geográfica (SIG) como herramienta de análisis de la información contenida en el cartilario de Teobaldo I, rey de Navarra (documento 316 del cartulario 1): Tudela y su espacio periurbano

    OpenAIRE

    Goñi Ares de Parga, Mercedes; Mugueta Moreno, Íñigo

    2013-01-01

    Póster presentado al II Encuentro Internacional de Medievalistas organizado por el Departamento de Geografía e Historia de la Universidad Pública de Navarra, con la colaboración de la Sociedad de Estudios Históricos de Navarra. Pamplona, 21-22 de noviembre de 2013.

  4. Registro de enfermedades respiratorias de origen laboral en Navarra Registry of occupational respiratory diseases in Navarre

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    K. Abú Shams

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. Con objeto de analizar la incidencia y características de la patología respiratoria ocupacional en Navarra, se implantó en enero de 2002 el Registro de Enfermedades Respiratorias de Origen Laboral. Métodos. Los casos notificados por los médicos colaboradores durante los años 2002, 2003 y 2004, se introdujeron en una base de datos diseñada para su análisis posterior, que constaba de distintas variables: sexo, edad, tabaco, servicio y médico declarante, diagnóstico, profesión y agente causal. Resultados. Se notificaron 125 casos. 97 varones (77,6% y 28 mujeres (22,4%. La media de edad fue 55,4 años. Ochenta y ocho pacientes no fumaban (70,4% y 37 eran fumadores (29,6%. Neumología declaró 84 casos (67,2% y Alergología 41 (32,8%. Los diagnósticos fueron: 50 casos de asma bronquial (40%, 31 de enfermedad pleural benigna (24,8%, 8 alveolitis alérgica extrínseca (6,4%, 8 mesotelioma (6,4%, 7 cáncer broncopulmonar (5,6%, 5 inhalaciones agudas (4%, 3 asbestosis (2,4%, 2 rinitis (1,6%, 1 RADS (0,8% y 1 EPOC (0,8%. Las profesiones más declaradas: 13 pintura/barnizado (10,4%, 12 hilado de ovillos de amianto (9,6% y 8 panadería/pastelería (6,4%. Como agentes causales principales: 49 casos de asbesto (39,2%, 15 isocianatos (12% y 8 sílice (6,4%. Conclusiones. La patología más frecuente fue el asma bronquial, seguida de la enfermedad pleural benigna. La profesión más notificada era pintura/barnizado y en segundo lugar hilado de ovillos. El asbesto fue la primera sustancia implicada seguida de los isocianatos. La mayoría de pacientes eran varones y no fumadores. El Servicio de Neumología del Hospital Virgen del Camino notificó el mayor número de casos. El análisis de contraste de proporciones mostró cierta tendencia a la significación en rinitis, asma bronquial y asbestosis.Background. In January 2002 an occupational respiratory diseases record was established in Navarre so that the number and characteristics of the

  5. Cerveri de Girona, “Entr’Arago e Navarra jazia” (BdT 434.7a

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    Marco Grimaldi

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The rubric in Chansonnier Sg classifies “Entr’Arago e Navarra jazia” by Cerveri de Girona as a ‘sompni’ (‘dream’. Thirteenth-century Occitan and Catalan arts of poetry define the ‘sompni’ as a minor thematic genre in which the poet recounts events which took place in a dream (“en durmen”. On the basis of the rubric in Sg and the definition in the treatises, the only hints at the existence of the genre, this paper will outline a small corpus of five/six troubadour poems based on the narration of a dream and significant examples of ‘sompni’. The hypothesis that a ‘genre’ defined as sompni exsisted and circulated beyond Occitania is furthermore linked to similar compositions by Paolo Lanfranchi, a thirteenth-century poet from Pistoia, and to some ‘cantigas de amigo’ by Johan Mendiz de Briteyros, a Galician-Portuguese troubadour. The paper will also seek to demonstrate the loss of a line in the final stanza, so far unnoticed by previous editors, and suggest a date for the poem around 1276.

  6. Análisis y desarrollo de la intranet de sistemas de gestión de la calidad en Volkswagen Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Peñalver Cruz, Aritz

    2013-01-01

    El proyecto consiste en cuatro aplicaciones web que permitan centralizar, estandarizar y asegurar el correcto seguimiento de la información de los procedimientos, instrucciones, defectos funcionales y no conformidades de los Sistemas de Gestión de Calidad, Medio ambiente y de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales, en la intranet de Volkswagen Navarra. Para llevar a cabo este proyecto, se han seguido todas las fases del ciclo de vida de un producto: especificación de requisitos, an...

  7. Pharmacological properties of Anagallis arvensis L. ("scarlet pimpernel") and Anagallis foemina Mill. ("blue pimpernel") traditionally used as wound healing remedies in Navarra (Spain)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    López, Víctor; Jäger, Anna Katharina; Akerreta, Silvia;

    2011-01-01

    ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: : Anagallis arvensis and Anagallis foemina are traditionally used in Navarra (Spain) for dermatological purposes regarding wound healing properties. In some cases they are also used to threat internal infections although they are known to be toxic at high doses. AIM...... OF STUDY: : Due to lack of studies, we decided to evaluate the potential of the plants as wound healing remedies measuring antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties using in vitro procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Antimicrobial effects were studied against four bacteria and one fungus. Anti...

  8. Proyecto de mejora de la urbanización de la calle Perimetral entre la Avenida Primavera y la calle Navarra en Santa Coloma de Gramenet

    OpenAIRE

    Delgado Rodríguez, Aitor

    2012-01-01

    El presente proyecto tiene por objeto la definición, justificación y valoración de las obras a ejecutar en la urbanización de la calle Perimetral entre la Av. Primavera y la calle Navarra en Santa Coloma de Gramenet. A continuación se destacan los aspectos importantes del mismo: protagonismo de los peatones: creando zonas de prioridad invertida, zona de velocidad moderada para vehículos, procurar la continuidad de flujos. Mejora de los servicios existentes: red de alumbrado ade...

  9. Censura e instancias reformistas en la corte de Francisco I : l'Inquisiteur de Margarita de Navarra en la historia de Cymbalum Mundi

    OpenAIRE

    Munari, Simona

    2009-01-01

    El papel de Margarita de Navarra en la difusión del pensamiento reformista en Francia está estrechamente ligado al misterio que todavía rodea al autor del tratado clandestino Cymbalum Mundi. La historia de la censura considera la condena de este volumen una consecuencia del clima de sospecha creado por la ruptura del delicadísimo equilibrio de poderes ejercidos por el Parlamento y la Facultad de Teología de la Sorbona, las dos instituciones más activas en la lucha contra la herejía. En el con...

  10. Catálogo y Cartografía de las estaciones megalíticas de Goizueta - Artikutza - Aranaz y Agiña - Lesaka (Navarra.

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    Luis del Barrio

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo, realizado en forma de catálogo, describe la totalidad de estructuras megalíticas localizadas hasta la fecha (Agosto 1987, en los entornos geográficos que enmarcan las Estaciones Prehistóricas de Goizueta - Artikutza - Aranaz (36 subsectores: 78 cromlechs pirenaicos, 4 túmulos, y 4 dólmenes y Agiña - Lesaka (6 subsectores: 18 cromlechs pirenaicos, 1 túmulo y 1 dolmen, situadas ambas en el extremo noroccidental de la provincia de Navarra.

  11. Poder, simbología y representación en la Baja Edad Media: el ajuar en la corte de Carlos III de Navarra (1387-1425)

    OpenAIRE

    Osés Urricelqui, Mercedes

    2015-01-01

    Esta tesis doctoral, que lleva por título Poder, simbología y representación en la Baja Edad Media: el ajuar en la corte de Carlos III de Navarra (1387-1425), se centra en los modos de vida de la corte regia en el período de su mayor esplendor, que se sitúa en el tránsito del siglo XIV al XV. Para ello cobra un especial relieve lo que podemos englobar bajo la etiqueta de “ajuar”, entendiendo aquí por tal, todo el conjunto de objetos y manifestaciones vinculados a la vida cortesana (tejidos, p...

  12. Diseño de alojamientos en la explotación porcina de ciclo cerrado "Lurbaiz" sita en el término municipal de Ollo (Navarra)

    OpenAIRE

    Pagola Azkarate, Aitziber

    2014-01-01

    Mediante el presente proyecto fin de grado se realiza el diseño de los alojamientos de una explotación con una futura actividad ganadera porcina de ciclo cerrado. Se sitúa en la parcela 206 del polígono 9 del municipio de Ollo, Navarra. También se desarrollan a lo largo de los distintos anejos los diferentes procesos productivos y las necesidades en instalaciones para un correcto funcionamiento de la explotación conforme a la normativa existente y haciendo especial hincapié en ...

  13. Estudio para la gestión de residuos ganaderos mediante digestión anaerobia en el polígono ganadero de Funes (Navarra)

    OpenAIRE

    García Pejenaute, Tamara

    2012-01-01

    Este Trabajo Final de Carrera tiene como objetivo fundamental lograr la gestión de los residuos ganaderos de las explotaciones agropecuarias que se encuentran emplazadas en el polígono ganadero del municipio de Funes (Navarra) mediante la implantación de una planta de biogás, como consecuencia directa o indirecta del modelo actual de ocupación y uso actual del territorio. Para ello, se intenta explorar las posibilidades energéticas de los residuos orgánicos correspondientes ...

  14. Evolución en las características epidemiológicas de la tuberculosis en Navarra (1994-2003 Evolution of the epidemiological characteristics of tuberculosis in Navarra (1994-2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Castilla

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Describir los cambios en la incidencia y en el perfil epidemiológico de la tuberculosis en Navarra. Métodos. Se analizaron los casos de tuberculosis del período 1994-2003 según el sistema de enfermedades de declaración obligatoria, completado con los diagnósticos microbiológicos y con los casos captados por otros registros sanitarios. Resultados. La incidencia de tuberculosis disminuyó desde 21 por 100.000 habitantes en el quinquenio 1994-1998 hasta 16 por 100.000 en 1999-2003. En ambos períodos los casos en hombres duplicaron a los de mujeres, y la máxima incidencia se produjo en los grupos de 25 a 44 y mayores de 65 años. Los diagnósticos de tuberculosis en personas con infección por el VIH disminuyeron del 15,1 al 6,6% y los realizados en personas inmigrantes aumentaron del 2,2 al 21,3%. Algo más del 3% de los casos había recibido tratamiento antituberculoso previo y en torno al 6% presentaban resistencia a algún fármaco, sin diferencias significativas entre periodos. La proporción de tuberculosis potencialmente transmisibles (73% no experimentó cambios significativos, ni la de aquellas con baciloscopia de esputo positiva (53%. El número de brotes (agrupaciones de dos o más casos pasó de 18 a 26 y el porcentaje de casos secundarios a otro reciente aumentó desde 3,6 a 10,1% (pAim. To describe the changes in the incidence and the epidemiological profile of tuberculosis in Navarra. Methods. The cases of tuberculosis in the 1994-2003 period were analysed. Cases reported to the system of obligatory notifiable diseases, completed with the microbiological diagnoses and the cases collected in other health registers. Results. The incidence of tuberculosis fell from 21 per 100,000 inhabitants in the five-year period 1994-1998 to 16 per 100,000 in 1999-2003. In both periods the number of cases in men doubled that in women, and the maximum incidence occurred in the age groups from 25 to 44 and over 65 years of age. The

  15. Desarrollos innovativos en la asignatura Métodos y Técnicas de Investigación Social: el caso de los estudios de Sociología Aplicada en la Universidad Pública de Navarra

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    Vidal Díaz-de-Rada

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Los actuales planes de estudios de los grados de Sociología están aumentando el componente aplicado de la disciplina, orientándolo hacia el estudio científico de la realidad social. Esta situación genera “desajustes” al considerar el tipo de alumnado que se matricula en Sociología, estudiantes con escaso conocimiento estadístico/matemático, al provenir –en su mayor parte– del bachillerato en Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales. Esta exigua formación matemática y el deseo de estudiar carreras “de letras” precisa de una labor formativa que, en sus primeras etapas, debe estar enfocada a eliminar el hechizo mágico de los números para, en un segundo momento, tratar de transmitir la importancia que tienen los indicadores sociales (con información numérica para el conocimiento de la realidad social. En este texto se presentan las estrategias y los recursos pedagógicos utilizados en la Licenciatura en Sociología (Universidad Pública de Navarra, España en la asignatura Métodos y Técnicas de Investigación Social I. En este documento se muestra que el empleo de metodologías activas de enseñanza, concretamente el Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas, ABP, utilizando casos prácticos reales, ha incrementado el número de estudiantes que siguen la asignatura, aumentando también el número de aprobados y mejorando las calificaciones promedio.

  16. Serie de feocromocitomas durante 15 años en Navarra Analysis of a series pheochromocytoma cases over 15 years

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    J. Rojo

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. El feocromocitoma es un tumor productor de catecolaminas que procede de las células cromafines del sistema nervioso simpático. El 80-85% se localiza en la médula adrenal. El diagnóstico se confirma con la determinación de catecolaminas y metanefrinas en plasma y orina. El diagnóstico de localización debe realizarse una vez confirmado el diagnóstico bioquímico, preferentemente mediante tomografía computarizada y/o resonancia magnética. El tratamiento de elección es la cirugía vía laparoscópica. Material y métodos. Revisión de las historias clínicas de los pacientes con diagnóstico anatomo-patológico de feocromocitoma en los servicios de Anatomía Patológica del Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra entre los años 1996 y 2010. Se realiza el análisis descriptivo de los resultados mediante el programa estadístico SPSS. Resultados. Esta serie está formada por 43 pacientes con diagnóstico anatomo-patológico de feocromocitoma durante los últimos 15 años. La edad media de presentación es de 47 años. Entre los más jóvenes hay condensación de pacientes con determinados síndromes genéticos. El método de imagen más empleado ha sido la tomografía computarizada. Encontramos resultados contradictorios en cuanto al empleo de medicación preoperatoria. El comportamiento en todos los casos ha sido benigno. Conclusiones. Creemos conveniente realizar estudio genético en pacientes menores de 20 años de edad. Los parámetros con mayor sensibilidad para el diagnóstico han sido normetanefrina y metanefrina en orina. El único tratamiento curativo es la cirugía, que debería realizarse preferentemente vía laparoscópica.Background. The pheochromocytoma is a catecholamine secreting tumour derived from chromaffin cells of the sympathetic nervous system. Eighty to eighty-five percent of these tumours are localized in the adrenal medulla. When pheocromocytomas are found outside the adrenal gland they are referred to as

  17. Reported fried food consumption and the incidence of hypertension in a Mediterranean cohort: the SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra) project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sayon-Orea, Carmen; Bes-Rastrollo, Maira; Gea, Alfredo; Zazpe, Itziar; Basterra-Gortari, Francisco J; Martinez-Gonzalez, Miguel A

    2014-09-28

    Reported associations between the consumption of fried foods and the incidence of obesity or weight gain make it likely that fried food consumption might also be associated with the development of hypertension. However, evidence from long-term prospective studies is scarce. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to longitudinally evaluate this association in a prospective cohort. The SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra) project is a Mediterranean cohort study of university graduates conducted in Spain, which started in December 1999 and is still ongoing. In the present study, we included 13,679 participants (5059 men and 8620 women), free of hypertension at baseline with a mean age of 36·5 (SD 10·8) years. Total fried food consumption was estimated at baseline. The outcome was the incidence of a medical diagnosis of self-reported hypertension during the follow-up period. To assess the association between the consumption of fried foods and the subsequent risk of developing incident hypertension during the follow-up period, Cox regression models were used. During a median follow-up period of 6·3 years, 1232 incident cases of hypertension were identified. After adjusting for potential confounders, the adjusted hazard ratios for developing hypertension were 1·18 (95% CI 1·03, 1·36) and 1·21 (95% CI 1·04, 1·41) for those consuming fried foods 2-4 and >4 times/week, respectively, compared with those consuming fried foods < 2 times/week (P for trend = 0·009). In conclusion, frequent consumption of fried foods at baseline was found to be associated with a higher risk of hypertension during the follow-up period in a Mediterranean cohort of university graduates.

  18. The education of the navarrese nobility during the Early modern age La educación de la nobleza navarra durante la modernidad

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    Pablo ORDUNA PORTÚS

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false ES X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} During the Modern Agem, classrooms of different schools were attended by descendants of the most and less important noble houses of Navarre. Their education was intended to offer access to a post in the administration, both in Navarra and the rest of the territories of the Monarchy. This study focuses on the different educational systems to the local elites, regardless of sex or lineage. Educational quality and to train members of this group was predominantly an investment and privilege with difficult barriers to cross.Durante la Edad Moderna, las aulas de los diferentes centros de enseñanza estuvieron concurridas por los descendientes de las más y menos importantes casas nobiliarias navarras. Su educación estuvo destinada a ofrecerles el posterior acceso a un cargo en la Administración, tanto en Navarra como en el resto de territorios de la Monarquía. El presente trabajo versa sobre los diferentes sistemas educativos a los que optaron estas élites locales desde su más tierna infancia, independientemente de su sexo o linaje. Centros de enseñanza de calidad, ya que la formación de los miembros de este

  19. Situación epidemiológica de la tuberculosis en Navarra, 2006 Epidemiology of tuberculosis in Navarre

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    J. Castilla

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. Describir la tendencia y características epidemiológicas de la tuberculosis y estimar la prevalencia de infección tuberculosa en Navarra. Métodos. Se analizaron los casos de tuberculosis declarados en el periodo 1993-2006, completados con información microbiológica y de otros registros sanitarios. Resultados. La incidencia de tuberculosis en Navarra pasó de 24,0 casos por 100.000 habitantes en 1993 a 13,7 por 100.000 en 2006. Entre 2000 y 2006 la incidencia de tuberculosis descendió un 6,5% anual en los nacidos en España y un 9,3% anual en nacidos en otros países. En el periodo 2004-2006 los diagnósticos de tuberculosis fueron más frecuentes en varones (60%, entre edades de 25 a 34 años (26,1% y a partir de 65 años (24,1%, y en personas nacidas en España (69,0%. El 4,3% de los casos estaban coinfectados por VIH. Un 6,6% habían tenido tratamiento antituberculoso previo, el 5,4% presentaban resistencia a algún antituberculoso y el 2,3% a más de uno. Predominaron las formas pulmonares (68,9% y el 37% del total tuvo baciloscopia de esputo positiva. En el 6,2% de los casos se produjo el fallecimiento antes de finalizar el tratamiento. Entre 2004 y 2006 se detectaron 15 agregaciones de casos, 11 entre convivientes. El 93% de los casos secundarios se produjeron a partir de casos índice nacidos en España. La prevalencia estimada de infección tuberculosa es inferior al 3% en niños, alcanza el 7,7% a los 14 años y el 40% en adultos. Conclusión. Se ha avanzado notablemente en el control de la tuberculosis, tanto en población autóctona como de otros países, aunque queda margen de mejora.Background. To describe the tendency and epidemiological characteristics of tuberculosis and estimate the prevalence of tuberculosis infection in Navarre. Methods. An analysis was made of the cases of tuberculosis reported in the 1993-2006 period, completed with microbiological information and data from other registries. Results. The

  20. Astrólogos y astrología al servicio de la monarquía navarra durante la Baja Edad Media (1350-1446

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    Serrano Larráyoz, Fernando

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This article provides a general view on astrologers who served at the courts of Carlos II, Carlos III and Blanca I of Navarre. This was a position that combined the foretelling of future events with the medical practice of the moment. Despite the prestige that astrologers seem to achieve, this position was never held long term except in some concrete cases.

    El artículo presenta una visión general de los astrólogos que sirvieron en la corte de Carlos II, Carlos III y Blanca I de Navarra. Un cargo cortesano que unía la adivinación de hechos futuros con la práctica médica del momento. Pese al prestigio que parecen alcanzar, no resulta una ocupación con cierta continuidad, salvo en casos muy concretos.

  1. La salud dental de los niños y adolescentes de Navarra, 2007 (4ª edición Dental health of children and adolescents of Navarra, 2007 (4th edition

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    F.J. Cortés

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. Transcurridos 5 años desde la última encuesta (2002, se procede a una nueva edición que supone la 4ª desde 1987. El objetivo es conocer el estado de salud oral de niños y adolescentes de Navarra y su evolución. Población y métodos. La muestra (n=1.397 fue seleccionada mediante muestreo probabilístico polietápico, tomando como unidad las aulas de 1º y 6º de Enseñanza Primaria y de 2º de Enseñanza Secundaria Obligatoria. El trabajo de campo se realizó entre los meses de abril y mayo de 2007 por dos equipos examinadores calibrados. Variables de salud estudiadas. caries (medida con criterio OMS y con criterio ampliado, estado periodontal y maloclusión. Los datos fueron informatizados con Access XP 2003 SP3; el análisis estadístico, con SPSS Windows v.15.0. Resultados. El 10,8% de la muestra es de origen extranjero. La prevalencia de caries en dentición temporal a los 6 años es 35,9% con cod 1,26; en dentición permanente, 28,5% y 46,4% a los 12 y 14 años; la media de dientes afectados 0,63 y 1,28 respectivamente. El índice de restauración es 26,1% en dentición temporal y 68,9 y 74,1% en permanente; los de origen extranjero presentan más caries (p Background. With five years having passed since the last survey (2002, a new survey was carried out, the 4th since 1987. The aim is to determine the state of oral health of children and adolescents in Navarre and its evolution. Population and methods. The sample (n=1.397 was selected through multistage probability sampling, taking as a unit the classrooms of the 1st and 6th year of Primary Education and the 2nd of Compulsory Secondary Education. The fieldwork was carried out in the months of April and May 2007 by two calibrated teams of examiners. Health variables studied: caries (measured with WHO criterion and extended criterion, periodontal state and malocclusion. The data were computerised with Access XP 2003 SP3; the statistical analysis with SPSS Windows v.15

  2. La estancia en bibliotecas extranjeras como instrumento de formación bibliotecaria: la experiencia de la Universidad de Navarra (2003-2010

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    Sanz-Santacruz, Víctor

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The changing technological environment and the new learning and research framework require constant updating. The University of Navarra (UN Library established a professional exchange program in 2003 (still on-going. The results of a survey completed by the librarians who participated in this placement program are presented in this article, and the program’s characteristics and means of funding are explained. Moreover, the advantages for the librarians’ professional development are pointed out and the main improvements applied within UN’s Library are detailed. A suitable response from the host libraries together with the the program’s continuity and regularity are crucial for extracting greater advantage of the placements.

    En el entorno actual de continuos cambios tecnológicos y de profundas modificaciones en la docencia e investigación, es necesaria una actualización constante. La Biblioteca de la Universidad de Navarra (en adelante UN inició un programa de estancias de profesionales en bibliotecas extranjeras del Reino Unido y de los Estados Unidos en el año 2003, que continúa en vigor. En el artículo se exponen los resultados de la encuesta llevada a cabo entre los participantes del programa y se describen las principales características del programa, tanto desde el punto de vista de su puesta en práctica, como de su financiación. Asimismo, se señalan las ventajas de esas estancias para el desarrollo profesional de los bibliotecarios y se detallan las principales mejoras aplicadas en la Biblioteca de la UN. La adecuada respuesta de las bibliotecas receptoras y la continuidad y regularidad del programa son decisivos para obtener el mayor provecho de las estancias.

  3. Nuevo sistema de geolocalización en Navarra para disminuir los tiempos de respuesta en aviso urgente en zonas de montaña y de gran dispersión

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    J.M. Ablitas Muro

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available La identificación de todos los avisos urgentes a domicilio en zonas de montaña y dispersas a través del sistema 112 habitualmente se realiza por el nombre propio del caserío o vivienda, lo que hace imposible localizarlos con los medios GPS habituales. El objetivo que se persiguen en este trabajo es tener un sistema de geolocalización válido en urgencias extra-hospitalarias adaptado a la nomenclatura y geografía de la zona, que permita su implantación en todos los dispositivos móviles sanitarios, consiguiendo una precisión exacta sin pérdidas en el desplazamiento con el fin de evitar un aumento de la morbi-mortalidad por la demora en la atención realizada por profesionales conocedores o no de la zona y que sea extrapolable a otros puntos de la geografía de Navarra o nacional. Se ha conseguido crear una herramienta de geolocalización adaptada a la orografía y nomenclatura específica de la zona piloto elegida (el valle del Baztán y se ha hecho compatible con los software de navegación actuales en las dos modalidades posibles, con y sin cobertura de datos móviles (on line y off line. Este sistema se ha integrado en los móviles sanitarios no corporativos mediante archivos KML y se ha aplicado a los 913 caseríos geolocalizados, verificando su utilidad real en los avisos domiciliarios urgentes registrados entre los meses de mayo y septiembre del 2012. Se ha conseguido llegar al caserío (encaminamiento o enrutamiento demandante de la atención urgente sin pérdidas en carretera o camino forestal independientemente de las características de acceso a éste, porque previamente se tiene registrada la localización del destino en estos archivos (ésta es la gran diferencia con los sistemas GPS actuales.

  4. El Instituto Navarro de Administración Pública y el desarrollo de la Psicología Aplicada en Navarra

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    JESÚS RAMÓN LOITEGUI ALDAZ

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo muestra el desarrollo orgánico del Instituto de Psicología Aplicada de Navarra, creado en 1961, hasta convertirse en la actualidad en el Instituto Navarro de Administración Pública y su vinculación con la aplicación de la Psicología en Navarra. Finalizando la década de los años 60 las funciones propias del Instituto eran la orientación profesional, la selección profesional, la asistencia psiquiátrica y la investigación y promoción de la Psicología. Estas funciones se llevan a cabo en tres unidades: 1 Unidad de Psicología Educativa: En el curso 1962-1963 se inicia el proyecto de exploraciones psicológicas en los centros de educación primaria. En 1981 se instaura el Servicio de Orientación Psicopedagógica a los alumnos de E.G.B., Formación Profesional y Bachillerato, 2 Unidad de Psicología Clínica: En 1975 se instaura la Unidad de Psicología Clínica para ayudar a las personas que sufrían algún desajuste de tipo conductual. Se aportaban servicios de psicodiagnóstico, orientación personal y psicoterapia. Los pacientes podían ser remitidos por los distintos Departamentos de la Diputación o directamente, solicitando dichas prestaciones, 3 Unidad de Psicología del Trabajo: El área de Psicología del Trabajo es la que más se ha consolidado en el instituto, dado que el vertiginoso desarrollo del área educativa aconsejó que esta unidad pasara a depender, ya en 1983, de la Consejería de Educación. De igual forma y finalizando la década de los 70, la Unidad de Psicología Clínica pasó a integrarse en la Consejería de Sanidad. El Instituto de Psicología se convirtió en una verdadera consultoría interna del Gobierno de Navarra aplicando los conocimientos y las técnicas científicas de la Psicología Organizacional a las Administraciones Públicas. La introducción de la selección científica del personal en los procesos de oposición para el ingreso de las Administraciones Públicas comenz

  5. Análisis de residuos de herbicidas en aguas procedentes de Navarra mediante lc-ms/ms LC-MS/MS analysis of herbicide residues in waters from Navarre

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    P. Fraile

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. El objetivo del trabajo fue obtener información acerca de los residuos de herbicidas (imazametabenz, simazina, isoproturon, clortoluron, metribuzina, atrazina, cianazina, terbutrina, propanil, terbutilazina, alacloro y pendimetalina presentes en aguas procedentes de Navarra. Material y métodos. Se tomó un total de 465 muestras de agua; de ellas, 378 se obtuvieron en 141 abastecimientos; las 87 restantes procedieron de 37 fuentes, manantiales y sondeos situados en zonas agrícolas del sur de Navarra. La técnica empleada fue LC-MS/MS. Resultados. Se detectaron residuos de herbicidas en el 33% de los abastecimientos, y su concentración superó el límite normativo en el 8% de ellos. Se encontraron residuos de herbicidas en el 86% de las muestras de pozos y fuentes de zonas agrícolas del sur de Navarra. El número de abastecimientos con residuos de herbicidas aumentó de norte a sur de Navarra. No obstante, el porcentaje de abastecimientos en los que la concentración de herbicidas superó los límites fue mayor en la zona centro de Navarra que en la zona sur y norte. Imazametabenz fue el herbicida más detectado en las muestras de las zonas norte, centro y sur. Atrazina, terbutilazina e imazametabenz se detectaron preferentemente en las muestras de la zona sur. Conclusiones. Las diferencias entre las tres zonas de Navarra pueden explicarse atendiendo a las diferentes prácticas agrícolas de cada región. No se detectaron concentraciones de herbicidas superiores a los límites normativos en ninguna de las muestras de agua procedentes de las poblaciones mayoritarias de Navarra.Background. The aim of the study was to obtain information on the residues of herbicides (imazametabenz, simazine, isoproturon, clortoluron, metribuzine, atrazine, cianazine, terbutrin, propanil, terbutilazine, alachlor and pendimetalin present in water proceeding from Navarre. Material and methods. A total of 465 samples of water were taken: 378 were taken

  6. Vigilancia epidemiológica de las enfermedades transmisibles en Navarra, 2006 Epidemiology of notifiable diseases in Navarre, 2006

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    J. Castilla

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available La vigilancia epidemiológica en Navarra (601.874 habitantes en 2006 comprende 34 enfermedades de declaración obligatoria y los brotes epidémicos. La declaración es efectuada semanalmente por los médicos de pediatría, atención primaria y asistencia especializada, ante la sospecha de estos procesos, y se completa con los diagnósticos microbiológicos. En 2006 la incidencia de gripe alcanzó 16,8 casos por 1000 habitantes (índice epidémico, IE:0,46, presentando una onda estacional tardía (marzo de dimensiones bajas. La incidencia de tuberculosis respiratoria fue de 11,3 casos por 100.000 habitantes, y la de tuberculosis no respiratoria 2,3; ambas en rangos similares a las de los últimos años. Siete casos de tuberculosis ocurrieron en 3 agregaciones entre convivientes, y otros 7, en personas no convivientes residentes en el mismo municipio. El 6% de los casos estaban coinfectados por el VIH, y el 37% se produjeron en inmigrantes. La incidencia de enfermedad meningocócica ascendió a 19 casos (3,2 por 100.000 habitantes, IE:1,46, todos ellos esporádicos. En 16 se aisló Neisseria meningitidis serogrupo B. Hubo un caso por serogrupo C, en un niño que había recibido 3 dosis de vacuna conjugada. En 2 casos (11% se produjo el fallecimiento. La incidencia de legionelosis ascendió a 28 casos por 100.000 habitantes (IE:4,88, debido a un brote comunitario que afectó a 146 personas. Excluyendo este brote, la incidencia fue similar a la de años anteriores (3,3 por 100.000. En agosto se inició un brote de parotiditis que, hasta finales de 2006, había contabilizado 911 casos, y ha continuado durante 2007. Se registraron 11 casos de paludismo, todos importados. Las notificaciones de toxiinfecciones alimentarias han seguido disminuyendo (IE:0,48.Epidemiological vigilance in Navarre (601,874 inhabitants in 2006 included 34 diseases whose notification is compulsory and epidemic outbreaks. Notification is carried out on a weekly basis by the

  7. Las aguas termales de Fitero (Navarra y Arnedillo (Rioja. l. Análisis geoquímico de los estados de equilibrio-desequilibrio en las surgencias

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    Tena Calvo, J. M.

    1988-08-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of the different chemical features between the thermal springs of Fitero (Navarra and Amedillo (Rioja, and between those thermal waters and other non-thermal ones in this area, has completed the geochemical characterization of both thermal manifestations. This characterization appear to confirm the existence of mixture phenomena in Fitero (in low proportions and the narrow compositional range between the thermal springs considered in Amedillo. Taken into account the different geochemical variations of the studied waters, we have related their compositional characters with circulation through different litologies. So, thermal waters are associated to evaporitic materials (Keuper facies with more saline characters for the Arnedillo thermal waters. On the other hand, the speciation-solubility analysis with WATEQ4F (Ba1l et al., 1987 of the spring chemical compositions and the study of associated deposits have allowed to stablish the physicochemical state at spring condition, a previous stage to determinate the thermodynamic water-rock interactions in the reservoir, at depth.El estudio de los caracteres geoquímicos diferenciales de las aguas termales de Fitero (Navarra y Amedillo (Rioja, tanto entre ambos grupos como con respecto a otras surgencias no termales de la zona, ha permitido constatar la existencia de fenómenos de mezcla de aguas en Fitero, y las escasas variaciones composicionales entre las distintas surgencias termales de Amedillo. Los caracteres composicionales distintivos han sido relacionados con la circulación de las aguas a través de distintas litologías, 10 que ha permitido deducir que mientras que las aguas no termales se encuentran relacionadas con materiales calcáreos, las termales 10 están con materiales calcáreo-evaporiticos (facies Keuper, de carácter sulfatado en el caso de Fitero y clorurado, más salino, en Arnedillo. Por último, el análisis del quimismo de las aguas termales mediante un modelo de

  8. Diferencias entre las ondas gripales de verano y de otoño durante la pandemia de gripe (H1N1 2009 en Navarra

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    Jesús Castilla

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: La gripe (H1N1 2009 produjo en Navarra una onda en verano y otra en otoño de 2009. El objetivo de este trabajo es comparar las características de ambas ondas epidémicas. Métodos: Analizamos la notificación individualizada de gripe, las confirmaciones virológicas en la red centinela de atención primaria, y los casos hospitalizados con confirmación de gripe en Navarra y comparamos los periodos de verano (semanas 21 a 39 de 2009 y otoño-invierno (semanas 40 de 2009 a 20 de 2010. Resultados: Durante 2009 hubo dos ondas de gripe A(H1N12009, con picos en julio y noviembre. En verano (semana 21 a 39 se notificaron 4.389 casos de síndrome gripal, siendo los más afectados los adultos jóvenes (58! entre 15 y 44 años. La mayor incidencia se registró tras las fiestas de San Fermín (92 casos por 100.000 en la semana 29 con retorno inmediato a niveles basales. En otoño se produjo una segunda onda que alcanzó tasas 7 veces mayores (667 casos por 100.000 en la semana 45 y se mantuvieron 9 semanas por encima del umbral epidémico, siendo el grupo de edad más afectado el de niños de 5 a 14 años (111 por 1000. En el pico de las dos ondas el porcentaje de frotis confirmados para gripe superó el 60!. Durante el verano se produjeron 66 ingresos con confirmación de gripe (H1N12009, y en otoño 158. La proporción de casos que requirieron ingresos en hospital fue mayor en verano (1,5! que en otoño (0,8!; p<0,0001. Conclusión: La circulación de la gripe fue mucho menor en verano. La aparición de casos graves se produjo tanto en momentos con alta como con baja incidencia de síndromes gripales.

  9. Actitudes, percepciones y factores asociados a la vacunación antigripal en los profesionales de atención primaria de Navarra, 2011-2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Martínez-Baz

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. La vacuna de la gripe está indicada en los profesionales sanitarios para proteger su salud y la de sus pacientes. El objetivo fue describir la cobertura de vacunación antigripal en los profesionales de atención primaria durante la temporada 2011-12 en Navarra y estudiar los factores asociados a la vacunación. Material y métodos. Se envió una encuesta anónima vía web a los profesionales de atención primaria en 2012. La encuesta recogió información sobre el estado de vacunación antigripal de las últimas temporadas, sobre las actitudes y conocimientos de la vacuna y datos sociodemográficos y profesionales. Resultados. De 1.083 profesionales, 381 (35% completaron la encuesta: 54,3% profesionales de enfermería, 35,7% médicos de familia y 10% pediatras. En la temporada 2011-12 se habían vacunado el 56,2%, sin cambios significativos con respecto a temporadas previas. El principal predictor de la vacunación fue el haberse vacunado en alguna temporada previa (odds ratio (OR: 20,87; intervalo de confianza (IC 95%: 8,98-48,48. Se vacunaron más los que tenían personas con factores de riesgo en la familia (OR: 1,72; IC 95%: 1,05-2,84, los que estaban preocupados por enfermar (OR: 4,59; IC 95%: 2,30-9,15 y por contagiar a sus pacientes (OR: 6,29; IC 95%: 3,02-13,13. El haber participado en actividades formativas sobre gripe y vacunas no influyó en la decisión de vacunarse. Conclusiones. La cobertura de vacunación entre los profesionales sanitarios de atención primaria de Navarra está por debajo de los niveles deseables. Se debe mejorar la implicación de los profesionales en la estrategia de prevención de la gripe.

  10. Una ciudad de los vascones en el yacimiento de Campo Real/Fillera (Sos del Rey Católico-Sangüesa

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    Andreu Pintado, Javier

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The following paper deals with the detailed and preliminary study of the archaeological site of Campo Real/Fillera (Sos del Rey Católico/Sangüesa, between today Zaragoza and Navarra provinces specially focusing in its Roman period. The paper exposes a review of the archeological and epigraphical material from the site, proposes an urban condition for it and raises some hypothesis on its identification with one of the cities that ancient sources tribued to Vascones.El presente trabajo aborda el estudio detallado y preliminar del yacimiento arqueológico de Campo Real/Fillera (Sos del Rey Católico/Sangüesa, en el límite entre las actuales provincias de Zaragoza y Navarra con especial atención a su etapa romana. Se procede a la revisión del material arqueológico y epigráfico procedente del lugar, se defiende la condición de enclave urbano del yacimiento y se plantea una hipótesis respecto de su identificación con las ciudades que las fuentes antiguas atribuyen a los Vascones.

  11. Tendencias recientes de las principales causas de muerte en Navarra: 1995-2004 Recent trends of the main causes of death in Navarre: 1995-2004

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    C. Moreno-Iribas

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan las estadísticas de mortalidad de Navarra para el periodo 1995-2004 por sexo, edad y causa de muerte. Material y métodos. Los datos proceden de los boletines estadísticos de defunción. Se comparan el periodo 1995-1999 con el periodo 2000-2004, utilizando las tasas ajustadas a la población de Navarra del año 2001 y la tasa de años potenciales de vida perdidos entre 0-70 años ajustada a la población europea. Resultados. La esperanza de vida al nacer en el periodo 2000-2004 fue de 77,9 años en los hombres y 85 años en las mujeres, esta última una de las más altas registradas a nivel mundial. El riesgo de muerte ha diminuido en prácticamente todos los grupos de edad, destacando un descenso de la mortalidad del 40% en el grupo de 25-34 años a costa del sida. La mortalidad infantil bajó hasta 3,3 por 1.000 recién nacidos vivos. Ha habido un importante incremento de la mortalidad por cáncer de pulmón entre las mujeres menores de 65 años (46% en el quinquenio 2000-04 respecto al anterior y un fuerte descenso de la mortalidad por cáncer de mama (45,4%. Han continuado disminuyendo en ambos sexos la mortalidad por enfermedades cerebrovasculares, enfermedad isquémica del corazón, insuficiencia cardiaca y arterioesclerosis así como la mortalidad por úlceras y cirrosis. Las tasas de mortalidad de Navarra de todos los grandes grupos de causas son más bajas que las de España excepto la tasa de mortalidad por causas externas. Conclusiones. El incremento de la mortalidad por cáncer de pulmón y de otros cánceres relacionados con el tabaquismo debido a la extensión del consumo en las últimas décadas puede influir negativamente en la esperanza de vida de las mujeres de Navarra en los próximos años. La prevención de la mortalidad por causas externas y la prevención de las muertes ligadas al consumo de tabaco son dos prioridades que se desprenden de los datos de mortalidad de esta comunidad autónoma.We present the

  12. Uso de la web 2.0 como herramienta de marketing y difusión de Dadun, el repositorio institucional de la Universidad de Navarra

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    Cózar Santiago, Amparo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Teniendo presente los continuos cambios que están afectando tanto al personal investigador como a los bibliotecarios, nos vemos en la necesidad de estar en un continuo proceso de aprendizaje. Debemos aprender a establecer una conversación con los usuarios, buscar nuevos canales de comunicación, y proporcionarles las herramientas necesarias para la comprensión del mundo en el que está desarrollando su quehacer profesional o su investigación. Encontramos los repositorios como vías de comunicación de la investigación, así como de difusión y preservación. Pero no hemos de conformarnos con el simple hecho de tener un repositorio en nuestra institución, sino que debemos darlo a conocer a nuestra comunidad. En el presente trabajo se hace un recorrido por las distintas acciones emprendidas en la Biblioteca de la Universidad de Navarra, deteniéndonos en el blog “Investigación Científica en Abierto”.

  13. El testamento de Juan Moliner (†1403: un físico al servicio de la monarquía navarra durante la Baja Edad Media

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    Serrano Larráyoz, Fernando

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This work is an approach to the life and socioeconomic context of Juan Moliner (doctor of kings Carlos II and Carlos III of Navarre, based on the study of his testament. The document provides enlightening information about this figure, quite unknown despite being one of the most important Christian doctors at the service of Carlos III ‘El Noble’. In addition, his last will has a religious and spiritual dimension that allows to have an overall perspective on the mentality and lifestyle of this historical character.

    A través del testamento de Juan Moliner, médico de los reyes Carlos II y Carlos III de Navarra, el presente estudio pretende acercarse a su persona, familia, ámbito social y nivel socioeconómico en el que desarrolla su vida. Los datos que aporta dicho documento arrojan algo de luz sobre su ciclo vital, hasta el momento bastante desconocido, pese a ser uno de los más importantes médicos cristianos que atendieron a Carlos III ‘el Noble’. A todo esto hay que añadir la dimensión espiritual y religiosa de sus últimas voluntades, que vienen a completar la mentalidad y el modo de vida de este personaje.

  14. Descripción y narración en las primeras guías turísticas de Navarra (1904-1929

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    María Cristina Bordonaba Zabalza

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Con el presente trabajo nos proponemos analizar cuatro guías turísticas de Navarra del periodo comprendidoentre 1904-1929. En el análisis textual se observan las simetrías y disimetrías que presenta la macroestructura, así como las estrategias discursivas y léxicas que intervienen en la función persuasiva. Desde un enfoque comparatista, el cotejo delas guías conduce a la refl exión lingüística e ideológica - en esta fase de asentamiento delgénero del turismo guía - sobre el tipo de procedimientos descriptivos que el emisor lleva a cabo para representar la imagen de un lugar, y responder a lasexpectativas del destinatario. Concordamos con Adam (2006, en que todo procedimiento descriptivo está indisolublemente ligado a un punto de vista y, consecuentemente, al tipo de imagen que el emisor se propone representar.

  15. Elaboración de cartografía de zonas inundables. Aplicación al llano de inundación del Río Arga (Navarra)

    OpenAIRE

    Bescos Atin, Amaya; Camarasa Belmonte, Ana María

    2000-01-01

    La inundación es el riesgo natural de mayor impacto social y económico, la persistencia del problema a pesar de los continuos avances tecnológicos pone de manifiesto la necesidad de estudiar más detalladamente el comportamiento de las áreas inundables y elaborar una cartografía de riesgo que contribuya a un uso más racional del espacio. Este trabajo presenta el proceso de elaboración del mapa de riesgo del llano de inundación del río Arga (Navarra) en los municipios de Falces, Peralta y...

  16. AJUSTE PSICOLÓGICO EMOCIONAL EN LA POBLACIÓN INFANTO JUVENIL EN SITUACIÓN DE CONFLICTO SOCIAL, UNA APROXIMACIÓN A LOS ESTILOS DE AFRONTAMIENTO PERSONAL. EL CASO DE NAVARRA

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    Miguel Ángel Gurbindo Marin

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on analysis of children and adolescents who live in social conflict. Their identity has been formed in a severe and prolonged context of appalling neglect which does not cover their physical-biological, emotional and social needs. Therefore those human beings do not develop their skills to interact with their relatives and ensure the stability of the family unit. The extent of this phenomenon, as one of the many faces of social exclusion, is not so big in Navarra; however it must be taken into account that lack of protection, psychosocial impairment and permanent social conflict increases the risk that pubertal children suffer mental health problems.

  17. Estudio y mejora de la eficiencia energética de la casa de cultura de Peralta (Navarra) mediante la implantación de un sistema inteligente de control

    OpenAIRE

    Osés Moreno, Sofía

    2010-01-01

    El objetivo de este proyecto es estudiar los sistemas eléctricos y de climatización existentes en la casa de cultura de Peralta (Navarra) y realizar una mejora de la eficiencia energética mediante la implantación de un sistema de control inteligente. Además se buscará obtener ventajas adicionales mediante la implantación de nuevas funcionalidades como el control de accesos, alarmas técnicas, gestión centralizada, etc. Como fin último se estimará el ahorro tanto energético como económico...

  18. Registrar la muerte (1381-1512). Un análisis de los testamentos y de las mandas pías contenidas en los Protocolos Notariales de Navarra.

    OpenAIRE

    García-de-la-Borbolla, Á. (Ángeles); Pavón-Benito, J. (Julia); Baldó-Alcoz, J. (Julia)

    2005-01-01

    Los testamentos conservados en el fondo de Notariales de Navarra (AGN y AMT) antes de 1512 son el vehículo que nos permite una aproximación científica a una de las cuestiones más vitales del hombre medieval: su muerte. El análisis de estas fuentes documentales revela una serie de numerosos aspectos que podrían englobarse en lo que denominamos su «universo mental y espiritual». Las actitudes, los gestos, las prácticas religiosas y devocionales se sustentan sobre una base común: la muerte...

  19. El papel del juez y del legislador ante los retos de la ejecución hipotecaria. Reflexiones en torno al auto de la audiencia provincial de navarra 111/2010 de 17 de diciembre

    OpenAIRE

    Lacasta Goñi, Miren; Pantaleón Prieto, Marta; Pedroza Fernández, Luis Alberto

    2012-01-01

    El Auto de la AP de Navarra 111/2010, de 17 de diciembre, recae en un procedimiento de ejecución hipotecaria. El acreedor se adjudica el inmueble por un valor que no cubre la totalidad de su crédito. ¿Debe poder reclamarse en estos casos el resto del importe en virtud de la responsabilidad patrimonial universal del deudor? Esta situación plantea especiales problemas en el marco de la actual crisis socioeconómica y ha suscitado un gran debate en la doctrina, la jurisprudencia y ...

  20. Evaluación de factores de riesgo ergonómico y psicosocial y medidas de prevención en una empresa del metal navarra. Estudio de caso

    OpenAIRE

    Lizarraga Diez de Ulzurrun, Pablo

    2015-01-01

    El objeto de este estudio es analizar el estado y la evolución de los factores de riesgo ergonómico y psicosocial de los puestos de trabajo de una empresa del sector metal fundada hace quince años y ubicada en la Comunidad Foral de Navarra. Se trata de un estudio de caso basado en la recogida de datos procedentes de diferentes fuentes documentales y de entrevistas personales realizadas a varios informantes clave. Se recopilan también datos provenientes de la observación directa...

  1. Estimación de la abundancia relativa de martines pescadores Alcedo atthis L., 1758 reproductores en ríos de la zona calcárea de la mitad norte de Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Vilches, A.

    2012-01-01

    El objetivo de este artículo es determinar la abundancia relativa de martines pescadores Alcedo atthis L., 1758 nidificantes en ríos de la zona calcárea de la mitad norte de Navarra. Para ello, durante el periodo de cría de 2007, entre los meses de abril y agosto, se inspeccionaron tramos de ríos dentro de la citada zona con el fin de localizar nidos activos y/o parejas nidificantes. Se utilizaron tres metodologías de censo: (1) localización de nidos, (2) captura de adultos para los que se ob...

  2. Factores de riesgo de ictus: Estudio caso-control en una población de la Comunidad Foral de Navarra Stroke risk factors: Population case-control study in the Foral Community of Navarre

    OpenAIRE

    Hervás, A

    2005-01-01

    Fundamentos. Conocer la prevalencia de diferentes factores de riesgo en los pacientes con enfermedad cerebrovascular de una población de la Comunidad Foral Navarra y compararlo con un grupo control de las mismas características. Pacientes y método. Estudio caso-control poblacional en una zona básica de salud (12.200 habitantes). Se incluyen 91 casos, diagnosticados de primer episodio de enfermedad cerebrovascular (1999-2003) y 182 controles (2 por caso) emparejados por edad y sexo en el mismo...

  3. Registro fósil precuaternario de tetrápodos en los Pirineos occidentales

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    Ana Berreteaga

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El estudio de los niveles fosilíferos continentales y marinos del Cretácico Superior y del Terciario de la Región Vasco-Cantabrica (Sinclinorio Subcantábrico y cuencas surpirenaicas adyacentes (Cuenca de Pamplona, Sector Noroccidental de la Depresión del Ebro ha puesto de manifiesto su potencial paleontológico en restos fósiles de vertebrados. Algunos de estos yacimientos son de gran relevancia en el Cretácico final de Europa, incluyendo nuevas especies de tortugas, escamosos, cocodrilos, dinosaurios y mamíferos. En la misma cantera del yacimiento alavés de Zambrana, compuesta principalmente por reptiles y mamíferos, es de gran interés paleontológico y contribuye a un mejor conocimiento de las faunas del Eoceno superior de la Península Ibérica. En Zambrana se ha reconocido hasta la fecha varias nuevas especies de perisodáctilos ecuoideos. En el Neogeno, se han descubierto nuevas localidades del Mioceno (Rambliense, Aragoniense en las Bardenas Reales de Navarra y otras áreas colindantes de la Cuenca del Ebro, que han proporcionado restos de anfibios, escamosos, tortugas, cocodrilos, aves y varios grupos de mamíferos. Por otro lado, una notable variedad de icnofacies de aves y mamíferos ha sido hallada en diferentes afloramientos de los potentes depósitos marinos litorales (Eoceno superior y continentales (Oligoceno-Mioceno inferior de la Alta Navarra.

  4. Las vacunaciones antivariólicas en Navarra (España entre septiembre y noviembre de 1801 Smallpox vaccinations in Navarre (Spain between September and November 1801

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    J.J. Viñes

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Se da noticia de la localización en el Archivo de D. Gaspar Castellano de Gastón, del documento que atestigua las primeras inoculaciones con linfa vacunal en Errazu, localidad del Valle de Baztán (Navarra, realizadas el 2 de Noviembre de 1801, por el médico de San Juan de Pie de Puerto (Francia Dr. Iribarren Ayzin, desde el brazo de una muchacha francesa de 18 años, conducida personalmente por él, a instancia de D. Josef Juaquín Gastón Alcalde del Valle del Baztán. El nuevo hallazgo sirve de homenaje 200 años después a la primera expedición de Salud Pública entre 1803 y 1806, dirigida por el médico alicantino D. Francisco Xavier Balmis, dando la vuelta al mundo, con el fin de difundir la vacuna entre todas las razas y zonas del mundo conocidas.We communicate the discovery in the Archive of D. Gaspar Castellano de Gastón of a document providing evidence of the first inoculations with lymph vaccine in Errazu, a village in the Baztán Valley (Navarre. These were carried out on November 2nd 1801, by a doctor from San Juan Pie de Puerto (France, Dr. Iribarren Ayzin, from the arm of a French girl aged 18, personally brought by him at the request of D. Josef Juaquín Gastón, Mayor of the Baztán Valley. The new finding serves as homage, 200 hundred years later, to the first Public Health expedition, carried out between 1803 and 1806, which travelled around the world in order to spread the vaccine amongst all the races and areas of the known world. The expedition was led by D. Francisco Xavier Balmis, a doctor from Alicante.

  5. Fruit and vegetable consumption is inversely associated with blood pressure in a Mediterranean population with a high vegetable-fat intake: the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN) Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alonso, Alvaro; de la Fuente, Carmen; Martín-Arnau, Ana M; de Irala, Jokin; Martínez, J Alfredo; Martínez-González, Miguel Angel

    2004-08-01

    There is evidence that a diet rich in fruit and vegetables reduces blood pressure (BP). Characteristically, the Mediterranean diet is rich in plant-derived foods and also in fat, but studies conducted in Mediterranean countries to relate diet to BP are scarce. We studied the association between fruit and vegetable consumption and BP in a cross-sectional analysis of 4393 participants in the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN) Study, an ongoing dynamic cohort study in Spain. Diet was measured using a food-frequency questionnaire previously validated in Spain. Fat represented more than 37 % total energy intake. Subjects were considered to have undiagnosed hypertension if they reported systolic BP > or = 140 mmHg or diastolic BP > or = 90 mmHg, and not a medical diagnosis of hypertension. The adjusted prevalence odds ratio of undiagnosed hypertension (upper v. lowest quintile) was 0.58 (95 % CI 0.36, 0.91; P for trend 0.01) for vegetable consumption and 0.68 (95 % CI 0.43, 1.09; P for trend 0.10) for fruit consumption. Comparing those in the highest quintile of both fruit and vegetable consumption with those in the lowest quintile of both food groups, the prevalence odds ratio was 0.23 (95 % CI 0.10, 0.55; P = 0.001), after adjusting for risk factors for hypertension and other dietary exposures. In a Mediterranean population with an elevated fat consumption, a high fruit and vegetable intake is inversely associated with BP levels.

  6. Association between dietary carbohydrate intake quality and micronutrient intake adequacy in a Mediterranean cohort: the SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra) Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zazpe, Itziar; Sánchez-Taínta, Ana; Santiago, Susana; de la Fuente-Arrillaga, Carmen; Bes-Rastrollo, Maira; Martínez, J Alfredo; Martínez-González, Miguel Ángel

    2014-06-14

    Epidemiological research confirms that the prevalence of suboptimal micronutrient intakes across Europe is an emerging concern in terms of public health. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between a new index of carbohydrate (CHO) quality and micronutrient intake adequacy in the 'Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN)' cohort. The baseline assessment extended from 1999 to March 2012. We assessed 16,841 participants who completed a validated 136-item semi-quantitative FFQ at baseline. We created a new index to evaluate CHO quality for the following four criteria: dietary fibre intake; glycaemic index; whole grains:total grains ratio; solid CHO:total CHO ratio. The subjects were classified into quintiles according to this index. We evaluated the intakes of Zn, I, Se, Fe, Ca, K, P, Mg, Cr and vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B12, C, A, D, E and folic acid. The probability of intake adequacy was evaluated using the estimated average requirement cut-point approach and the probabilistic approach. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the nutritional adequacy according to the CHO quality index (CQI). Participants in the highest quintile of CQI were found to have the lowest prevalence of inadequacy. A higher quality of CHO intake was found to be associated with a lower risk of nutritional inadequacy in comparison with the lowest quintile of CQI (adjusted OR 0·06, 95 % CI 0·02, 0·16; P for trend < 0·001). A higher CQI was found to be strongly associated with better micronutrient intake adequacy in the young Mediterranean cohort, stressing the importance of focusing nutritional education not only on CHO quantity, but also on quality.

  7. Association between dietary intake of polychlorinated biphenyls and the incidence of hypertension in a Spanish cohort: the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donat-Vargas, Carolina; Gea, Alfredo; Sayon-Orea, Carmen; de la Fuente-Arrillaga, Carmen; Martinez-Gonzalez, Miguel Angel; Bes-Rastrollo, Maira

    2015-04-01

    Polychlorinated biphenyls are persistent organic pollutants that are consumed because of their bioaccumulation through the food chain. Evidence from different sources suggests a positive association between polychlorinated biphenyls exposure and the incidence of hypertension. However, no previous prospective study has investigated this potential relationship in adults. We prospectively assessed the association between dietary intake of polychlorinated biphenyls and the incidence of hypertension in a large cohort. The Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra project is a Spanish cohort of university graduates, most of them health professionals. We included 14521 participants, initially free of hypertension, who were followed-up for a median of 8.3 years. Dietary intake of polychlorinated biphenyls was assessed at baseline through a previously validated 136-item semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. The published concentration levels of polychlorinated biphenyls measured in samples of food consumed in Spain were used to estimate dietary intake. Multivariable Cox regression models were fitted to estimate hazard ratios and 95% confidence interval for incident hypertension. During follow-up, 1497 incident cases of medically diagnosed hypertension were identified. After adjusting for total energy intake and for potential confounders, participants in the fifth quintile of total polychlorinated biphenyls intake were at higher risk of developing hypertension (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.43 [95% confidence interval, 1.09-1.88; P for trend 0.017]) compared with those in the first quintile. In this Mediterranean cohort, dietary intake of polychlorinated biphenyls, estimated using a food frequency questionnaire, was associated with a higher risk of developing hypertension during follow-up. Nevertheless, further longitudinal studies are needed to confirm our results.

  8. [Fingolimod: effectiveness and safety in routine clinical practice. An observational, retrospective, multi-centre study in Navarra, Gipuzkoa and La Rioja].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayuso, T; Marzo-Sola, M E; Castillo-Trivino, T; Soriano, G; Otano, M A; Lopez, M A; Croitoru, I M; Olascoaga, J

    2016-09-01

    Objetivo. Evaluar la efectividad y seguridad del fingolimod en la practica clinica en las regiones de Navarra, Gipuzkoa y La Rioja. Pacientes y metodos. Estudio retrospectivo y multicentrico de pacientes con esclerosis multiple recurrente tratados con fingolimod, siguiendo la ficha tecnica. Se evaluo la tasa anualizada de brotes (TAB), el porcentaje de pacientes libres de brotes, la discapacidad usando la escala expandida del estado de discapacidad (EDSS) y el porcentaje de pacientes sin lesiones captantes de gadolinio. Resultados. Un total de 113 pacientes fueron tratados con fingolimod: el 6%, naive, y el 58% y 35%, pacientes tratados previamente con inmunomodulador y natalizumab, respectivamente. El fingolimod disminuyo la TAB tras el primer (67%; 1 a 0,3; p < 0,0001) y segundo (89%; 1 a 0,1; p < 0,0001) año de tratamiento, y aumento asi el porcentaje de pacientes libres de brotes durante el tratamiento. La EDSS basal fue 3 y despues del tratamiento con fingolimod fue 2,5 en ambos años. El porcentaje de pacientes sin lesiones captantes de gadolinio tras el primer año de tratamiento fue del 77%. Resultados similares se observaron en los pacientes naive y en los tratados previamente con inmunomodulador. En los pacientes tratados previamente con natalizumab no se observaron cambios tras el tratamiento. Conclusiones. El uso del fingolimod en la practica clinica mostro una efectividad similar a la eficacia observada en ensayos clinicos. No hubo cambios en la TAB al cambiar desde natalizumab, y solo un paciente tras suspender el natalizumab presento 'rebrote'. El fingolimod se comporta como un farmaco seguro, con escasos efectos adversos y con un bajo porcentaje de abandonos.

  9. Real Language Meets Real Business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muirhead, Muirhead; Schechter, Sarah

    2016-01-01

    The Real Business Language Challenge was a collaborative pilot project between Coca-Cola Enterprises (CCE) and Routes into Languages East for Year 9 and 10 pupils. It was based on CCE's award-winning Real Business Challenge, part of its highly acclaimed education programme. The Real Business Language Challenge transformed the project into a…

  10. Design and construction of models of solar thermal facilities in the ''Centro integrado de FP superior de energias renovables de Imarcoain''(Navarra); Maquetas de instalaciones solares termicas para la formacion profesional de grado superior en el centro integrado de formacion profesional superior de energias renovables

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hernandez, M. A.; Orus, L. M.; Yerro, C.; Aguado, H.; Cambra, T.; Oroz, J.

    2004-07-01

    This article shows how we have approached the solar energy installations in the ''Centro integrado de FP superior de energias renovables de Imarcoain''(Navarra) with the design and construction of models which allow us to teach in this type of installations at different levels. (Author)

  11. Real Talk on Real Estate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    What’s hot and what’s not in China’s property market The Beijing 2008 Olympics is a giant magnet for real estate investment, but how far-reaching is its pull? Is it a good time to buy real estate in second-tier cities? And could a bal- looning worldwide real estate bubble have ramifications for China? Inquiring minds want to know the answers to all these questions in real estate circles. Experts may not always answer harmoniously, but unless you have a villa empire, their advice could help you conquer this tricky market more successfully. No bubble in Beijing or beyond The Olympic effect will cause real

  12. Efecto de la cohorte de nacimiento, período de diagnóstico y de la edad en la incidencia de cáncer en Navarra, 1973-1997 Effect of birth cohort, period of diagnosis and age on cancer incidence in Navarra, 1973-1997

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. González Diego

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. Los registros de cáncer poblacionales son una fuente única de información sobre la incidencia de cáncer. El estudio sistemático de la incidencia en una determinada población es una herramienta fundamental para estimar la magnitud actual y futura del cáncer y aporta elementos de decisión en la asignación de recursos de salud. El objeto del presente trabajo ha sido investigar el patrón de la tendencia temporal de la incidencia de cáncer en Navarra en el período comprendido entre 1973 y 1997, e identificar los componentes edad, período de diagnóstico y cohorte de nacimiento como determinantes de la tendencia temporal de la incidencia observada. Material y métodos. Estudio descriptivo de incidencia de cáncer mediante modelos edad-período-cohorte. Seguimiento de una cohorte dinámica durante 25 años. Se calculan indicadores sumarizadores clásicos de incidencia. Se utilizan modelos log-lineales de Poisson para cuantificar el riesgo de cáncer, así como la tendencia relativa anual. Se ajustan modelos edad-período-cohorte para conocer el efecto sobre la tendencia temporal de los componentes edad, período de diagnóstico y cohorte de nacimiento. Resultados. La tasa estandarizada de incidencia para todas las localizaciones -excepto piel no melanoma- es máxima para el quinquenio 1993-1997, en hombres: 304,1 casos nuevos por cada 100.000 personas-año y en mujeres: 190,6 casos nuevos por cada 100.000 personas-año. El cambio medio de la incidencia es del 1,88% (IC del 95%: 1,69 a 2,07 en hombres y del 1,32% (IC del 95%: 1,09 a 1,54 en mujeres para cada uno de los 25 años de seguimiento de la serie estudiada. En las mujeres el incremento de la incidencia es más acusado en el rango de edad de 35 a 64 años: 2,1% (IC del 95%: 1,76 a 2,45, hecho que debe alertar sobre la evolución futura del cáncer en la mujer. En el análisis de los componentes de la tendencia, se observan incrementos sostenidos del riesgo de cáncer para

  13. Real Forestry for Real Estate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagnon, Jennifer; Fisher, Jason

    2013-01-01

    Virginia is poised to see an unprecedented change in forest land ownership. To provide new landowners with information on sustainable forest management, we developed a two-part program, Real Forestry for Real Estate. First, we assembled New Landowner Packets, which contain a variety of sustainable forest management resources. Second, two…

  14. Impacto de la vacunación universal frente a la varicela en Navarra, 2006-2010 Impact of universal varicella vaccination in Navarre, 2006-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. García Cenoz

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. En 2007 se introdujo la vacunación universal frente a la varicela en el calendario vacunal de Navarra. Este estudio tiene por objeto evaluar el impacto de dicha medida en la incidencia de varicela tanto en las cohortes vacunadas (efecto directo, como en las no vacunadas (efecto indirecto. Material y métodos. La varicela es una enfermedad de declaración obligatoria individualizada. Analizamos la incidencia anual por grupos de edad entre 2006 y 2010. Del conjunto mínimo básico de datos al alta hospitalaria se tomaron los ingresos con diagnóstico principal de varicela o de varicela complicada de los años 2006 a 2009. Resultados. La incidencia de varicela ha disminuido un 93,0%, desde 8,04 casos por 1.000 habitantes en 2006 a 0,56 por 1000 habitantes en 2010 (pBackground. In 2007 universal varicella vaccination was introduced in the childhood immunization schedule of of Navarre. The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of this measure on the incidence of varicella in both vaccinated cohorts (direct effect and in the unvaccinated (indirect effect. Material and methods. Varicella is a notifiable disease. We analyzed the annual incidence by age groups between 2006 and 2010. Hospital admissions with varicella or complicated varicella as the principal diagnosis were obtained from the minimum basic data set on hospital discharges for the years 2006 to 2009. Results. The incidence of varicella has decreased by 93.0%, from 8.04 cases per 1,000 inhabitants in 2006 to 0.56 per 1,000 inhabitants in 2010 (p<0,0001. In children from 1 to 6 years (vaccinated cohorts, the incidence of varicella has fallen by 96.3%. In the cohorts vaccinated at 10 and 14 years, a decrease of 93.6% can also be observed in children from 10 to 14 years, and of 85.0% in those of 15 to 19 years. In the unvaccinated age groups we can observe falls of 88.2% in children under one year, of 73.3% in those of 7 to 9 years, and of 84.6% in people over 20 years. In

  15. Classification and characterisation of SRF produced from different flows of processed MSW in the Navarra region and its co-combustion performance with olive tree pruning residues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramos Casado, Raquel; Arenales Rivera, Jorge; Borjabad García, Elena; Escalada Cuadrado, Ricardo; Fernández Llorente, Miguel; Bados Sevillano, Raquel; Pascual Delgado, Alfonso

    2016-01-01

    The scope of this work is to study the co-combustion of a solid recovered fuel (SRF) produced from household wastes and packaging wastes recovered from selective collection (SC) in the autonomous community of Navarra, located in the northeast of Spain. The municipal solid waste (MSW) is subjected to a mechanical biological treatment (MBT) in order to stabilize the organic matter and recover the recyclable materials as it is done for packaging wastes. Afterwards, rejects from this treatment plant were preconditioned and compressed by a pelletizing process to produce a secondary fuel according to quality and classification criteria of EN 15359, producing the so-called SRF. A fuel characterisation was carried out according to CEN standards and the SRF was classified as follows: NCV 2; Cl 3; Hg 1. SRF pellets were cofired with residual biomass pellets from olive tree pruning (OTP) in a bubbling fluidised bed combustor, as an option of energy recovery. The mixture of fuels, with a mixing ratio close to 50% by weight, showed a significant calorific value of 18.25 MJ/kg at 8% of moisture content. In addition, elemental composition of the mixture based on nitrogen (N), sulphur (S) and chlorine (Cl) (1% N, 0.2% S and 0.4% Cl) was not far from some herbaceous biomasses. The co-combustion showed good results as an energy recovery technology because of the synergies of both fuels, improving notably the combustion conditions and reducing significantly CO concentration, regarding to the combustion of OTP, though other contaminants such as NOx and HCl increased. During eight hours of stable operation, the concentration of dioxins and furans was measured obtaining a value of 7.68 ng/Nm(3) (toxic equivalence: i-TEQ of 0.33 ng/Nm(3)). Proportions of SRF lower than 50% in the mixtures should be tested in order to cut down the emissions of these pollutants, or an abatement system for organochloride compounds may be required. PMID:26072185

  16. Caracterización de escorias metalúrgicas procedentes de yacimientos arqueológicos de Navarra (Siglos II a.C.- IV d.C.

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    Ros-Latienda, L.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The Archaeology Section of the Government of Navarre put forward a proposal to undertake research in the characterization of a set of pieces from 2nd century B.C. to 4th century A.D. retrieved from excavations in different archaeological sites in this province, to obtain data related to the manufacturing process of the investigated artefacts and to compare the level of technical skills in different times and places, so as to achieve a better understanding of technological abilities and material culture. The finds discussed in this paper are of interest from an archaeometallurgical point of view, and they consist mainly of metallurgical slags, remains of manufactured pieces, and minerals residues used to obtain various metals. In addition to carrying out their chemical analyses by inductively coupled plasma (ICP, the study of six samples was performed by optical and scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray microanalysis (EDX which revealed the composition of large areas of the slags, and the study was finally completed by the determination of the phases present by X rays diffraction.Desde la Sección de Arqueología del Gobierno de Navarra llegó la propuesta de caracterizar una serie de piezas comprendidas entre el siglo II a.C. y el siglo IV d.C. procedentes de yacimientos arqueológicos de esta provincia con objeto de obtener datos relacionados con la tecnología que las produjo y poder comparar el grado de desarrollo técnico de diferentes épocas y lugares. Interesaba el estudio de estas piezas desde el punto de vista metalúrgico, habiendo entre ellas mayoritariamente escorias metalúrgicas, restos de piezas fabricadas y restos minerales utilizados en la obtención de diversos metales. Además de proceder a su análisis químico mediante técnica de plasma acoplado inductivamente (ICP, se estudiaron seis muestras mediante microscopía óptica, electrónica de barrido y microanálisis por energía dispersiva de rayos X (EDAX

  17. El Congreso médico-regional de Navarra (1886: un ejemplo de la transmisión del conocimiento científico The "Regional-Medical Congress of Navarre" (1886: an exercise in sharing scientific knowledge

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    P. León

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available La última ola epidémica del cólera en Navarra (1884-1885 es la menos estudiada porque apenas afectó a Pamplona, el núcleo urbano más importante de la región, pero creó una situación crítica en otras áreas como la Ribera. Fundamento. El "Congreso médico-regional de Navarra" celebrado en Tafalla (Navarra, en 1886, se convocó para estudiar la epidemia de cólera de 1885 en la región. El interés de esta reunión científica estriba en la actitud de los médicos ante el desarrollo de la microbiología y la higiene pública. En un momento en que Robert Koch aisla el Bacillus vírgula, en 1883, y tiene lugar la polémica desarrollada por la difusión de la vacuna de Jaime Ferrán y Clúa, en 1885. Material y métodos. A través de las actas y de las memorias presentadas al Congreso analizamos la influencia de autores e instituciones internacionales en los profesionales navarros. Conclusiones. La reunión científico médica de Tafalla fue una iniciativa singular para Navarra. En ella se observa la transferencia de ideas de los congresos internacionales sobre la epidemia colérica. Esta influencia fue mediada por personalidades como Nicasio Landa y A. Espina y Capo. Hemos observado diferencias en las concepciones de los médicos, en el momento en el que no existía una teoría etiopatogénica única. La metodología seguida por los médicos ejemplifica el análisis y las medidas higiénico sanitarias propuestas para combatir el cólera.This paper discusses the last wave of cholera in Navarre (1884-85. This epidemic has been the least studied because it barely affected Pamplona, the largest urban area in the province. But the situation was critical in other zones close to the River Ebro (the Ribera area. Background. In 1886, the "Regional-Medical Congress of Navarre", held in Tafalla (Navarre, studied the latest cholera epidemic in the region. An analysis of this scientific meeting is of interest because of the data it offers on the

  18. Análisis de la producción de la Universidad de Navarra en revistas de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades empleando rankings de revistas españolas y la Web of Science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Torres-Salinas, Daniel

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports a bibliometric analysis of the output of the Faculties of Social Sciences and Humanities of the University of Navarra, as recorded by publications in scholarly journals over the period 1999-2005. Information for the analysis was gathered from Journal Citation Reports (JCR and from the Spanish Índice de Impacto de las Revistas Españolas de Ciencias Sociales (IN-RECS, Índice de Impacto de las Revistas Españolas de Ciencias Jurídicas (IN-REJS and Revistas Españolas de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades (RESH. The aim of this work was to determine the adequacy of these ranking systems as bibliometric tools for describing the output in Spanish journals of a university. The results show the University of Navarra published 7281 documents during the studied period, 1908 (26 % of which were articles in journals. Just over 39 % of the latter were published in Spanish scientific journals, and 12 % in Web of Science journals. The coverage of the ranking systems varies per faculty: the IN-RECJ best covered articles published by the Law faculty; IN-RECS best represented production from Communication and Economics faculties; and RESH best covered production from Humanities faculties. Some 43 % of the studied articles recorded by IN-RECS were published in the first quartile of journals covered by the index; this figure was 42 % with respect to RESH, and 12 % with respect to JCR. Spanish national ranking systems are therefore useful as a complement to bibliometric information provided via the Web of Science and JCR.

    Se realiza un análisis bibliométrico de la producción en revistas de las facultades de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades de la Universidad de Navarra durante el período 1999-2005. Se emplean junto al Journal Citation Reports diferentes rankings de revistas españolas: el Índice de Impacto de las Revistas Españolas de Ciencias Sociales (IN-RECS, Índice de Impacto de las Revistas Espa

  19. Real analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Loeb, Peter A

    2016-01-01

    This textbook is designed for a year-long course in real analysis taken by beginning graduate and advanced undergraduate students in mathematics and other areas such as statistics, engineering, and economics. Written by one of the leading scholars in the field, it elegantly explores the core concepts in real analysis and introduces new, accessible methods for both students and instructors. The first half of the book develops both Lebesgue measure and, with essentially no additional work for the student, general Borel measures for the real line. Notation indicates when a result holds only for Lebesgue measure. Differentiation and absolute continuity are presented using a local maximal function, resulting in an exposition that is both simpler and more general than the traditional approach. The second half deals with general measures and functional analysis, including Hilbert spaces, Fourier series, and the Riesz representation theorem for positive linear functionals on continuous functions with compact support....

  20. Situación de las enfermedades de declaración obligatoria (EDO en Navarra, 2003 Compulsory Diseases Notification (CDN in Navarre 2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Urtiaga

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available La vigilancia epidemiológica de Navarra comprende 34 enfermedades transmisibles de declaración obligatoria y los brotes epidémicos de cualquier etiología. La declaración es efectuada semanalmente por los médicos de pediatría, atención primaria y asistencia especializada, ante la sospecha o diagnóstico de estos procesos. En 2003 se recibieron el 75,0% de todas los partes de notificaciones posibles (un parte semanal por médico, porcentaje que ha mejorado en el último quinquenio. En 2003 la gripe alcanzó una tasa de 48,9 casos por 1.000 habitantes (índice epidémico, IE: 0,91, y presentó un pico epidémico en enero y otro en noviembre. La tasa de tuberculosis respiratoria fue de 11,76 casos por 100.000 habitantes, y la de tuberculosis no respiratoria de 1,90, continuando en ambas la tendencia descendente. Cinco casos de tuberculosis ocurrieron en dos pequeños brotes familiares. El 30% de los casos se produjeron en inmigrantes. Los casos coinfectados con VIH han descendido del 21% en 1996 al 2,5% en 2003. Se notificaron 15 casos confirmados de enfermedad meningocócica (2,6 por 100.000 habitantes; IE:1,00, presentados de forma esporádica. En 10 se aisló Neisseria meningitidis serogrupo B y en 5 el serogrupo C. El 80% se presentaron en forma de sepsis, y en un caso (6,7% se produjo el fallecimiento. Todos los casos menores de 6 años estaban vacunados y fueron por serogrupo B. La incidencia de legionelosis fue de 3,8 casos por 100.000 habitantes (IE: 0,92, sin relación epidemiológica entre ellos. Se produjeron 7 casos de paludismo, todos importados. La incidencia de toxinfecciones alimentarias ha disminuido (IE: 0,71.Epidemiological vigilance in Navarre covers 34 transmissible diseases, whose notification is compulsory, and epidemic outbreaks of any aetiology. Notification is carried out on a weekly basis by the doctors from paediatrics, primary and specialised level who suspect or diagnose any of these diseases. In 2003, 75.0% of

  1. Cohorte poblacional de trabajadores expuestos a amianto: Navarra 1999-2004 Cohort of asbestos exposed workers: Navarre (Spain 1999-2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Artieda

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. La construcción de una cohorte poblacional de trabajadores expuestos a amianto es importante porque facilita la vigilancia, permite cumplir con la obligación ética de reconocer el origen laboral de las lesiones y contribuye al desarrollo de la investigación científica. El objetivo es describir el procedimiento que se ha seguido para identificar a los trabajadores expuestos a amianto en Navarra y conocer su respuesta a la oferta de vigilancia de la salud. Metodología. El registro de trabajadores expuestos a amianto se crea en 1999, incorporando empresas y trabajadores a partir de las fuentes de información disponibles, de ámbito nacional y regional, y se consolida con la búsqueda activa de expuestos, tanto activos como inactivos. Resultados. La cohorte es de 2.294 trabajadores, de 33 empresas; 40% están activos, la mitad trabajan fabricando vehículos de motor, 91% expuestos a crisotilo, 25% expuestos a concentraciones de fibras de amianto iguales o superior a 0,20 por cm³ de crisotilo ó 0,10 para otros. En los años 70 y 90 es cuando mayor número de trabajadores inicia la exposición; quienes comenzaron en los años 40 y 50 tienen tiempos de exposición más altos. En la vigilancia médica 72% acepta la oferta, con mayor participación de los activos. Conclusiones. La creación de la cohorte y su seguimiento han permitido reconocer el triple de casos de patología por amianto en relación con los declarados espontáneamente en los once años anteriores al programa, lo que refleja su importancia. El nivel de aceptación de la vigilancia es adecuado, dada la metodología del programa.Background. The identification of a population cohort of workers exposed to asbestos is important because it facilitates health surveillance, allowing us to fulfil the ethical obligation of recognizing the occupational origin of the illness and contributing to the development of scientific research. The goal of this study is to identify the

  2. Real analysis

    CERN Document Server

    DiBenedetto, Emmanuele

    2016-01-01

    The second edition of this classic textbook presents a rigorous and self-contained introduction to real analysis with the goal of providing a solid foundation for future coursework and research in applied mathematics. Written in a clear and concise style, it covers all of the necessary subjects as well as those often absent from standard introductory texts. Each chapter features a “Problems and Complements” section that includes additional material that briefly expands on certain topics within the chapter and numerous exercises for practicing the key concepts. The first eight chapters explore all of the basic topics for training in real analysis, beginning with a review of countable sets before moving on to detailed discussions of measure theory, Lebesgue integration, Banach spaces, functional analysis, and weakly differentiable functions. More topical applications are discussed in the remaining chapters, such as maximal functions, functions of bounded mean oscillation, rearrangements, potential theory, a...

  3. La siniestralidad laboral en la población inmigrante de Navarra en el 2006: Una aproximación a sus causas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángel Parra Osés

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: El cambio económico y social que está experimentando Navarra en las últimas décadas está asociado con la llegada de un flujo creciente de inmigrantes. El fenómeno migratorio plantea un gran número de desafíos: legislativos, políticos, culturales, sociales, sanitarios y por supuesto laborales. Desde el punto de vista laboral la incorporación de inmigrantes al mercado de trabajo ha supuesto, sin duda, aspectos positivos, pero también algunas disfunciones y problemas, siendo uno de ellos los altos niveles de siniestralidad que presenta este colectivo. Objetivos: Analizar y profundizar en las características y causas de la siniestralidad en este colectivo y los factores que podrían incidir en ella. Metodología: Estudio descriptivo - observacional tomando como base los datos del Registro de Accidentes de Trabajo del año 2006. Resultados: Para un 9,8% de trabajadores extranjeros, éstos sufren el 20% de los accidentes de trabajo( AT. Las mujeres extranjeras se accidentan casi 4 puntos menos en porcentaje relativo que las nacionales. La distribución de AT es similar en ambas poblaciones atendiendo a su gravedad, los trabajadores extranjeros sufrieron el 19,3% de los accidentes graves y el 15,8% de los mortales. En este colectivo los grupos de edades más jóvenes presentan porcentajes más elevados de siniestralidad. Por sectores económicos: una tercera parte de los accidentes en Agricultura y Construcción corresponden a trabajadores emigrantes. Su distribución porcentual es reflejo de la diferente ocupación sectorial de este colectivo, duplicando los porcentajes en los sectores agrícola y construcción en comparación con la población de acogida. En población extranjera la proporción de hombres que se accidentan es superior al de las mujeres en todos los sectores productivos, excepto en Servicios. Cerca de 80% de accidentes en población inmigrante acontece en puestos de baja cualificación o no cualificados y

  4. Consumo de tabaco en titulados universitarios: El Proyecto SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra Smoking among a cohort of Spanish university graduates: The SUN Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xabier Adrián García de Albéñiz

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Valorar la asociación de la situación laboral, el tipo de estudios y el estado civil con el consumo de tabaco en una cohorte de licenciados y diplomados universitarios españoles, donde predominan los profesionales sanitarios. Métodos: Se realizó un análisis transversal de los datos basales de los 7.508 primeros participantes del Proyecto SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra. Los sujetos fueron clasificados según su consumo de tabaco. Las variables independientes fueron: situación laboral, estado civil, nivel más alto de estudios completado, número de hijos, gramos de alcohol ingerido al día, índice de masa corporal y edad. En el análisis multivariante se ajustaron 3 grupos de modelos de regresión logística no condicional: a fumadores frente al conjunto formado por nunca fumadores más ex fumadores; b fumadores frente a nunca fumadores, y c fumadores de 15 o más cigarrillos al día frente al conjunto formado por fumadores de menos de 15 cigarrillos/día, nunca fumadores y ex fumadores. Resultados: En los varones no se encontró ninguna asociación entre la situación laboral y ser fumador en ninguna de las 3 comparaciones. Por el contrario, entre las mujeres se observó que haber cursado la diplomatura de enfermería se asociaba a una mayor prevalencia de tabaquismo, con una prevalencia del 48,5% de fumadoras actuales entre las enfermeras. Entre las mujeres, también era más frecuente el consumo de tabaco en las estudiantes. Para las estudiantes, la prevalencia de grandes fumadoras (≥ 15 cigarrilos/día mostraba una odds ratio de 1,81 (intervalo de confianza del 95%, 1,28-2,57. Haber realizado un doctorado se asociaba inversamente con el tabaquismo en ambos sexos. Conclusiones: Dentro de un gran colectivo español con niveles educativos superiores, la prevalencia de fumadoras actuales es mayor en las mujeres que han completado una diplomatura. Es preocupante, desde el punto de vista sociosanitario, que entre las

  5. Situación de las Enfermedades de Declaración Obligatoria (EDO en Navarra, 2004 Communicable disease surveillance in Navarre, 2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Castilla

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available La vigilancia epidemiológica de Navarra (584.734 habitantes comprende 34 enfermedades transmisibles de declaración obligatoria y los brotes epidémicos de cualquier etiología. La declaración es efectuada semanalmente por los médicos de pediatría, atención primaria y asistencia especializada. En 2004 se recibieron el 75,8% de todas los partes de notificaciones posibles (uno semanal por médico, porcentaje que ha mejorado en el último quinquenio. La gripe alcanzó sólo 14,4 casos por 1.000 habitantes (índice epidémico, IE:0,30 por el adelanto del pico epidémico de la temporada 2003-2004 al mes de noviembre. La tasa de tuberculosis respiratoria descendió hasta 11,6 casos por 100.000 habitantes, y la de tuberculosis no respiratoria ascendió a 2,7 por 100.000. Diez casos de tuberculosis (11,9% se agruparon en cuatro brotes que afectaron a adolescentes y adultos jóvenes. El 30% de los casos se produjeron en inmigrantes y el 4,8% en personas coinfectadas por el VIH, siendo estas proporciones similares a las del año anterior. Se notificaron 11 casos de enfermedad meningocócica (1,9 por 100.000 habitantes; IE: 0,73, pero sólo en 8 la forma clínica fue de sepsis y/o meningitis. La letalidad ascendió al 18,2%. En 8 casos se aisló Neisseria meningitidis serogrupo B y en 2 el serogrupo C, estos últimos eran adultos y no estaban vacunados. La incidencia de enfermedades inmunoprevenibles sigue en descenso, y por quinto año no se ha declarado ningún caso de sarampión. La legionelosis, detectada mediante la determinación sistemática del antígeno en orina, ascendió a 5,8 casos por 100.000 habitantes (IE:1,42, sin que se detectase relación epidemiológica entre ellos. La incidencia de enfermedades importadas aumentó, contabilizándose 12 paludismos, 8 shigelosis, 5 hepatitis A y 2 legionelosis adquiridas fuera de España.Epidemiological surveillance in Navarre (584,734 inhabitants covers 34 transmissible diseases, whose notification

  6. Sustainability of continuous improvement systems in industry: Survey of BAC and Navarre Sostenibilidad de los sistemas de mejora continua en la industria: Encuesta en la Comunidad Autónoma Vasca y Navarra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Santos García

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available This article will examine the level of sustainability for companies in Continuous Improvement Management and the factors which are supporting sustainability during time, through a survey to 350 companies of Basque Autonomous Community and Navarra in June of 2009. The study presents some data about the development of the improvement systems. Then, factors that companies have related to the abandonment of improvement systems are analysed. Since improvement systems are based on workers’ participation, this study characterizes this participation. Finally, the elements which have been used in the improvement systems by the companies are analyzed, and how objectives and indicators are used in their management system. To conclude, the following key issues are emphasized: a higher involvement of workforce in improvement systems, the integration of improvement system in the management system and the establishment of associated indicators to the system.Este artículo analiza el grado de sostenibilidad de las empresas en la gestión de la mejora continua y los factores que apoyan la sostenibilidad en el tiempo, a través de una encuesta enviada a 350 empresas de la Comunidad Autónoma Vasca y Navarra durante el mes de junio de 2009. El estudio presenta datos sobre la evolución de los sistemas de mejora en los últimos años, y la implantación de las distintas metodologías utilizadas. A continuación realiza un análisis de los factores que las empresas asocian con el abandono de los sistemas de mejora. Dado que los sistemas de mejora se basan en la participación de las personas, el estudio caracteriza cómo es dicha participación. Finalmente se analizan los elementos que las empresas utilizan en sus sistemas de mejora, y en qué grado se han introducido indicadores y objetivos en la gestión de la mejora. Como conclusiones se apuntan las siguientes claves para la mejora sostenible: una mayor implicación del personal directo en el sistema de mejora

  7. Real-time systems

    OpenAIRE

    Badr, Salah M.; Bruztman, Donald P.; Nelson, Michael L.; Byrnes, Ronald Benton, Jr.

    1992-01-01

    This paper presents an introduction to the basic issues involved in real-time systems. Both real-time operating sys and real-time programming languages are explored. Concurrent programming and process synchronization and communication are also discussed. The real-time requirements of the Naval Postgraduate School Autonomous Under Vehicle (AUV) are then examined. Autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV), hard real-time system, real-time operating system, real-time programming language, real-time sy...

  8. La dinámica de la integración social de los inmigrantes y su impacto en la sociedad de acogida. La perspectiva desde Navarra La dinámica de la integración social de los inmigrantes y su impacto en la sociedad de acogida. La perspectiva desde Navarra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Laparra

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to analyse, through a dynamic perspective, the way in which social integration processes are being shaped in some settlement areas, as Navarre, marked by a high economic dynamism, a comparatively high social cohesion and a territorial structure preventing concentrated settlement of immigrants. We will see the specific characteristics of this kind of receiving societies and the differences to other territories with different functions within the Spanish map of migrations, and we will assess in this way their integration potential and their specific problems. Paying special attention to these areas with more integration potential, we will be able to establish the correlation between social integration process of migrants and their positive impact in the welcoming society. The further the process of social integration reaches, the bigger is the profit for the welcoming society in demographic, economic, and social terms. That is a crucial consideration in a moment in which we are facing the first period of a long migration process in Spain, and shows the responsibility of social and employment policies on building an integration model that regards immigration as a positive-sum game in which both migrants and the whole society make profit.Tratamos de analizar en este artículo, en una perspectiva dinámica, cómo se están construyendo los procesos de integración social en determinados espacios de asentamiento como Navarra, marcados por el alto dinamismo económico, un nivel comparativamente alto de cohesión social y un modelo territorial que favorece la dispersión residencial de los inmigrantes. Podremos ver las peculiaridades de este tipo de territorios y las diferencias respecto de otros que cumplen otras funciones dentro del conjunto del mapa de las migraciones en España y valorar así su potencial integrador y sus problemáticas específicas. Centrándonos en estos territorios que presentan mayor potencial

  9. Direct, indirect and total effects of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccination on invasive pneumococcal disease in children in Navarra, Spain, 2001 to 2014: cohort and case-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guevara, Marcela; Barricarte, Aurelio; Torroba, Luis; Herranz, Mercedes; Gil-Setas, Alberto; Gil, Francisco; Bernaola, Enrique; Ezpeleta, Carmen; Castilla, Jesús

    2016-01-01

    We estimated the direct, indirect and total effects of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) on invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in children. A population-based cohort study followed children aged between 2.5 and 59 months between 2001 and 2014 in Navarra, Spain. IPD incidence was compared by PCV status and period. All cases diagnosed from July 2010 to December 2014 and eight matched controls per case were analysed to estimate the adjusted direct effect of PCV13. A total of 120,980 children were followed and 206 IPD cases were detected. Compared with unvaccinated children in the baseline period (2001-2004), overall IPD incidence in 2011-2014 (76% average PCV coverage) declined equally in vaccinated (total effect: 76%; hazard ratio (HR): 0.24; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.14-0.40) and unvaccinated children (indirect effect: 78%; HR: 0.22; 95% CI: 0.09-0.55). IPD incidence from non-PCV13 serotypes increased among vaccinated children (HR: 2.84; 95% CI: 1.02-7.88). The direct effect of one or more doses of PCV13 against vaccine serotypes was 95% (odds ratio: 0.05; 95% CI: 0.01-0.55). PCV13 was highly effective in preventing vaccine-serotype IPD. The results suggest substantial and similar population-level vaccine benefits in vaccinated and unvaccinated children through strong total and indirect effects.

  10. Efecto de la edad, el sexo y el tiempo en la biometría del Piquituerto común (Loxia curvirostra curvirostra) en Navarra = Effect of age, sex and time in the biometrics of common crossbill (Loxia curvirostra curvirostra) in Navarre.

    OpenAIRE

    D. Alonso, J. Arizaga

    2005-01-01

    Se estudia en detalle la biometría del Piquituerto Común (Loxia curvirostra curvirostra) en Navarra (N de España, W de Pirineos), según los sexos, edad y el año de captura. entre 1994 y 2006 se capturaron un total de 2101 aves, en dos localidades emplazadas en bosques de pino silvestre (Pinus sylvestris). Además de la edad y sexo, en cada ejemplar se tomaron diez medidas, relacionadas con el ala, cola, pata y pico, y la morfología del ala de 2004 a 2006. Para toda variable hubo diferencias si...

  11. Real difference Galois theory

    OpenAIRE

    Dreyfus, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we develop a difference Galois theory in the setting of real fields. After proving the existence and uniqueness of the real Picard-Vessiot extension, we define the real difference Galois group and prove a Galois correspondence.

  12. Progresos en el control de la infección por el VIH y el sida en Navarra, 1985-2003 Progress in the control of HIV infection and AIDS in Navarre, 1985-2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JC. Moreno-Iribas

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Se revisa la situación epidemiológica de la infección por el VIH y el sida en Navarra en 2003. Hasta diciembre de 2003 se habían diagnosticado 1.610 infecciones por el VIH en residentes en Navarra, de los cuales el 41% habían fallecido. Los nuevos diagnósticos de VIH han disminuido un 81% entre 1993 y 2003, año en que se diagnosticaron 28 casos (4,8 por 100.000 habitantes. El descenso se produjo fundamentalmente en las infecciones en usuarios de drogas inyectadas, ya que los casos por transmisión sexual se han mantenido estables. Más de la mitad de las infecciones diagnosticadas en el período 2000-2003 (58% eran atribuibles a transmisión heterosexual, el 18% ocurrieron en usuarios de drogas por vía parenteral y el 12% en hombres homosexuales. El 33% eran personas originarias de otros países. La incidencia de sida ha disminuido de 75 casos en 1996 a 20 en 2003, y la mortalidad de 65 a 8 casos, respectivamente. En el período 2000-2003 la incidencia media anual de sida fue de 4,2 por 100.000 habitantes y la tasa media anual de mortalidad de 1,6 por 100.000 habitantes. A finales de 2003 había 902 personas vivas con diagnóstico de VIH seguidas en el sistema sanitario (1,6 infecciones conocidas por 1.000 habitantes. En 2003 el 65% de los jóvenes de 15 a 29 años refería relaciones sexuales coitales, porcentaje mayor que en años anteriores, pero su nivel de información sobre prevención del sida fue aceptable. Es preciso insistir en la prevención y adaptarla a las nuevas situaciones.The epidemiological situation of HIV infection and AIDS in Navarre in 2003 is reviewed. Up until December 2003, 1,610 HIV infections had been diagnosed in residents of Navarre, of whom 41% had died. The new diagnoses of HIV fell by some 81% between 1993 and 2003, a year in which 28 cases were diagnosed (4.8 per 100,000 inhabitants. The fall basically occurred in infections in injection drug users, since the cases due to sexual transmission had remained

  13. Patrones de distribución espacial de la riqueza de especies de vertebrados en un área de transición biogeografica: de la Navarra pirenaica a la mediterránea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nogués Bravo, D.

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Uneven distribution of biodiversity over the Earth's surface is a consequence of historic, environmental and functional factors. In this paper, spatial patterns of amphibians, reptiles, mammals and birds have been studied in a biogeographical gradient between Pyrenean and Mediterranean environments in Navarra. Also, the relationships between biodiversity, species richness, and biogeographical gradient have been measured with directional semivariograms and GIS. Results show correlations between biogeographical change and spatial patterns of vertebrates: reptiles have the higher values of species richness in the ecotone, while amphibians have an uneven distribution. Mammals and birds show lineal correlations with biogeographical change but in opposite directions.

    [fr]
    La repartition inégale de la biodiverité sur la surface du globe est conséquence de facteurs historiques, environnementaux et fonctionnels. Dans ce travail on analyse les modèles de la répartition dans l'espace des amphibiens, reptiles, oiseaux et mammifères sur un gradient biogéographique de Navarre, et on quantifie les relations parmis la biodiversité (exprimée comme richesse spécifique et les changements biogéographiques en utilisant semivariogrammes et systèmes d'information géographique. Les résultats montrent cette relation parmi le changement biogéographique et la répartition dans l'espace des quatre groupes de vertébrés terrestres: les reptiles ont un plus grand nombre d'espèces dans Vecotone tandis que les amphibiens montrent une répartition plus aléatoire, et les oiseaux et les mammifères présentent una variation linéaire du nombre d'espèces, variation qui est de signe opposé dans un groupe par rapport a l'autre.
    [es]
    La desigual distribución de la biodiversidad sobre la superficie terrestre es consecuencia de factores históricos, ambientales y funcionales. En el presen trabajo se analizan los patrones de distribuci

  14. Sources for the study of collective violence in Early Modern Navarre: the value of the judicial documentation Fuentes para el estudio de la violencia colectiva en la Navarra moderna: el valor de la documentación procesal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Ruiz Astiz

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available During the Old Regime we attended in Kingdom of Navarre of the constant presence of disorders that alter the public order.The assignment of this article is to demonstrate that the study of these phenomena can be realised of a satisfactory way if we resorted to the judicial processes. Thanks to these sources of file the elementary characteristics of these events can be reconstructed helping to the historians to select their true background. Nevertheless, in this work also it is tried to approachthis type of documentation showing not only the advantages that takeimplicit their use, but as well the disadvantages that lock up. Althoughover everything the numerous benefits prevail that allow to obtain this type of sources to the investigators when they decide to confront the studyof past times.Durante el Antiguo Régimen asistimos en el reino de Navarra a la constante presencia de desórdenes que alteran el orden público. El cometido de este artículo es demostrar que el estudio de estos fenómenos se puede realizar de un modo satisfactorio si recurrimos a los procesos judiciales. Gracias a estas fuentes de archivo pueden ser reconstruidas las características elementales de estos sucesos, ayudando a los historiadores a entresacar su verdadero trasfondo. Sin embargo, en este trabajo también se pretende abordar este tipo de documentación mostrando no sólo las ventajas que llevan implícitas su uso, sino a su vez las desventajas que encierran. Aunque por encima de todo priman los numerosos beneficios que permiten obtener este tipo de fuentes a los investigadores cuando deciden afrontar el estudio de épocas pasadas.

  15. Estimación de la abundancia relativa de martines pescadores Alcedo atthis L., 1758 reproductores en ríos de la zona calcárea de la mitad norte de Navarra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VILCHES, A., MIRANDA, R., ARIZAGA, J.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es determinar la abundancia relativa de martines pescadores Alcedo atthis L., 1758 nidificantes en ríos de la zona calcárea de la mitad norte de Navarra. Para ello, durante el periodo de cría de 2007, entre los meses de abril y agosto, se inspeccionaron tramos de ríos dentro de la citada zona con el fin de localizar nidos activos y/o parejas nidificantes. Se utilizaron tres metodologías de censo: (1 localización de nidos, (2 captura de adultos para los que se observaron signos de reproducción y (3 localización de parejas adultas. Se recorrieron en conjunto 126,7 km, en los que se hallaron 7 nidos, siendo en consecuencia la abundancia relativa promedio de 0,06 pareja/km. Si a este valor se suman el número de parejas seguras, para las que se capturaron uno o los dos individuos con signos de reproducción, pero no se encontró el nido, la abundancia relativa se incrementa a 0,07 pareja/km. Si, finalmente, se añaden las parejas que se observaron durante este periodo y área de muestreo, pero no se capturaron y para las que no se encontró el nido, la abundancia relativa alcanzaría 0,13 pareja/km. En comparación con otras zonas tanto del ámbito peninsular como de Europa, la abundancia relativa obtenida es baja

  16. Impacto de las Tecnologías de la información y la comunicación en la juventud navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Naval, C. (Concepción); Lara, S. (Sonia)

    2003-01-01

    La atención a la juventud, en todos sus aspectos, debe constituir uno de los pilares esenciales sobre los que asentar la construcción de una sociedad o de una comunidad. En buena parte, una comunidad se define por la valoración que haga de su propia juventud y la atención que le preste; aunque cabría decir que sobre todo se define por la valoración que la juventud hace de sí misma y por su proyección real de futuro. En este escrito se presentan algunos datos preliminares ...

  17. REAL PIECEWISE ALGEBRAIC VARIETY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ren-hong Wang; Yi-sheng Lai

    2003-01-01

    We give definitions of real piecewise algebraic variety and its dimension. By using the techniques of real radical ideal, P-radical ideal, affine Hilbert polynomial, Bernstein-net form of polynomials on simplex, and decomposition of semi-algebraic set, etc., we deal with the dimension of the real piecewise algebraic variety and real Nullstellensatz in Cμ spline ring.

  18. Real Algebraic Geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Mahé, Louis; Roy, Marie-Françoise

    1992-01-01

    Ten years after the first Rennes international meeting on real algebraic geometry, the second one looked at the developments in the subject during the intervening decade - see the 6 survey papers listed below. Further contributions from the participants on recent research covered real algebra and geometry, topology of real algebraic varieties and 16thHilbert problem, classical algebraic geometry, techniques in real algebraic geometry, algorithms in real algebraic geometry, semialgebraic geometry, real analytic geometry. CONTENTS: Survey papers: M. Knebusch: Semialgebraic topology in the last ten years.- R. Parimala: Algebraic and topological invariants of real algebraic varieties.- Polotovskii, G.M.: On the classification of decomposing plane algebraic curves.- Scheiderer, C.: Real algebra and its applications to geometry in the last ten years: some major developments and results.- Shustin, E.L.: Topology of real plane algebraic curves.- Silhol, R.: Moduli problems in real algebraic geometry. Further contribu...

  19. Tendencias en las tasas de incidencia de cáncer colorrectal en Navarra en el periodo 1990-2005 Incidence rate trends for colorectal cancer in Navarre (North of Spain in the 1990-2005 period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Etxeberria

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. En España, se ha observado un aumento de la incidencia de cáncer colorrectal (CCR en ambos sexos en los últimos años, posiblemente debido a las mejoras diagnósticas, a la occidentalización de la dieta y al empeoramiento de los niveles de obesidad entre otros. En este trabajo se han estudiado las tendencias de la incidencia de CCR en las diferentes áreas de salud de Navarra (norte de España durante el período 1990-2005. Métodos. Para cada sexo y área, se obtuvieron las tendencias de las tasas de incidencia y los correspondientes intervalos de confianza mediante modelos de P-splines. Resultados. Se observa una tendencia creciente de la incidencia de CCR en la mayoría de las áreas para ambos sexos, siendo menos pronunciada en las mujeres que en los hombres. En la zona centro de Pamplona (la capital se observa una tendencia decreciente para los hombres durante el período estudiado. Conclusiones. Para cambiar las tendencias crecientes observadas en la mayoría de las áreas de la provincia, la prevención primaria es la mejor estrategia. Sin embargo, adquirir estilos de vida saludables tiene resultados a largo plazo por lo que un programa de detección temprana serviría como estrategia de prevención a más corto plazo.Background. In Spain, an increase in the incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC has been observed in both sexes in recent years, probably due to an improved diagnostic, the westernization of dietary habits, and worse obesity levels, among others factors. In this work, CRC incidence rate trends in different health areas in Navarre (northern Spain are studied during the 1990-2005 period. Methods. An estimated incidence trend curve for each health area and the corresponding confidence bands were obtained for each gender using P-spline models. Results. These results show an increasing trend of CRC in most of the areas in both sexes, being less pronounced in women than in men. In the central area of Pamplona (the

  20. A new dietary strategy for long-term treatment of the metabolic syndrome is compared with the American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines: the MEtabolic Syndrome REduction in NAvarra (RESMENA) project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de la Iglesia, Rocio; Lopez-Legarrea, Patricia; Abete, Itziar; Bondia-Pons, Isabel; Navas-Carretero, Santiago; Forga, Luis; Martinez, J Alfredo; Zulet, M Angeles

    2014-02-01

    The long-term effects of dietary strategies designed to combat the metabolic syndrome (MetS) remain unknown. The present study evaluated the effectiveness of a new dietary strategy based on macronutrient distribution, antioxidant capacity and meal frequency (MEtabolic Syndrome REduction in NAvarra (RESMENA) diet) for the treatment of the MetS when compared with the American Heart Association guidelines, used as Control. Subjects with the MetS (fifty-two men and forty-one women, age 49 (se 1) years, BMI 36·11 (se 0·5) kg/m²) were randomly assigned to one of two dietary groups. After a 2-month nutritional-learning intervention period, during which a nutritional assessment was made for the participants every 15 d, a 4-month self-control period began. No significant differences were found between the groups concerning anthropometry, but only the RESMENA group exhibited a significant decrease in body weight ( - 1·7%; P= 0·018), BMI ( - 1·7%; P= 0·019), waist circumference ( - 1·8%; P= 0·021), waist:hip ratio ( - 1·4%; P= 0·035) and android fat mass ( - 6·9%; P= 0·008). The RESMENA group exhibited a significant decrease in alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) concentrations ( - 26·8%; P= 0·008 and - 14·0%; P= 0·018, respectively), while the Control group exhibited a significant increase in glucose (7·9%; P= 0·011), AST (11·3%; P= 0·045) and uric acid (9·0%; P< 0·001) concentrations. LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations were increased (Control group: 34·4%; P< 0·001 and RESMENA group: 33·8%; P< 0·001), but interestingly so were the LDL-C:apoB ratio (Control group: 28·7%; P< 0·001, RESMENA group: 17·1%; P= 0·009) and HDL-cholesterol concentrations (Control group: 21·1%; P< 0·001, RESMENA group: 8·7; P= 0·001). Fibre was the dietary component that most contributed to the improvement of anthropometry, while body-weight loss explained changes in some biochemical markers. In conclusion, the RESMENA diet is a good

  1. The Eudoxus Real Numbers

    OpenAIRE

    Arthan, R. D.

    2004-01-01

    This note describes a representation of the real numbers due to Schanuel. The representation lets us construct the real numbers from first principles. Like the well-known construction of the real numbers using Dedekind cuts, the idea is inspired by the ancient Greek theory of proportion, due to Eudoxus. However, unlike the Dedekind construction, the construction proceeds directly from the integers to the real numbers bypassing the intermediate construction of the rational numbers. The constru...

  2. Electricity Real Options Valuation

    OpenAIRE

    Broszkiewicz-Suwaj, Ewa

    2006-01-01

    In this paper a real option approach for the valuation of real assets is presented. Two continuous time models used for valuation are described: geometric Brownian motion model and interest rate model. The valuation for electricity spread option under Vasicek interest model is placed and the formulas for parameter estimators are calculated. The theoretical part is confronted with real data from electricity market.

  3. La transición mediterráneo-eurosiberiana en Navarra: caracterización de los tomillares y aliagares su mediterráneos (Thymelaeo-Aphyllanthetum monspeliensis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peralta, J.

    2001-12-01

    >Genistion occidentalis, elles se localisent à une moindre altitude, sur des pentes l'Aphyllanthion appartenant au secteur dit somontano-aragonais -aussi présentes en Navarre-, ils se distinguent par l'abondance des taxons atlantiques et eurosihériens, par la plus basse présence de nanophanérophytes et parce qu'ils montrent un préférence pour les localités plus pluvieuses. À vrai dire, entre ces trois types de garrigues s'avèrent des changements floristiques et structurels graduels que l'on peut rapporter aux changements climatiques liés à la transition Mediterranéo-eurosibérienne. Ainsi la composition floristique du Thymelaeo-Aphyllanthetum -avec une plus haute fréquence des espèces de Rosmarinetea et Rosmarinetalia face à ceux de Festuco-Ononidetea striatae et Ononidetalia striatae- et aussi sa physionomie, justifieraient bien l'inclusion de cette association dans l'alliance Aphyllanthion, ce qui montrerait ses relations avec les matorrals somontano-aragonais.
    [es]
    Se analizan las características fisionómicas, floristicas, dinámicas y ecológicas de los tomillares submediterráneos (Thymelaeo-Aphyllanthetum monspeliensis, y se comparan con otros dos grupos de matorrales basófilos, mediante el análisis de 391 inventarios, procedentes todos ellos de Navarra. Los tomillares del Thymelaeo-Aphyllanthetum son más diversos y cuentan con un mayor porcentaje de hemicriptófitos que los matorrales de Genista occidentalis (Genistion occidentalis, se localizan en altitudes inferiores, con menor pendiente y en posiciones con mayor insolación. Frente a los tomillares somontano-aragoneses presentes en Navarra, que representan fades xerófilas de Aphyllanthion, se diferencian por la mayor abundancia de taxones atlánticos y eurosiberianos, menor presencia de nanofanerófitos y por preferir localidades más lluviosas. Entre los tres grupos de matorral existe un cambio gradual en su

  4. Incidencia y mortalidad por cáncer en Navarra, 1998-2002: Evolución en los últimos 30 años Incidence and mortality due to cancer in Navarre, 1998-2002: Trends in the last 30 years

    OpenAIRE

    Ardanaz, E.; C. Moreno-Iribas; M.E. Pérez de Rada; C. Ezponda; Y. Floristán; N. Navaridas; J.M. Martínez-Peñuela; A. Puras; M. Santamaría; I. Ezpeleta; J. J. Valerdi; F.J. Pardo; F.J. Monzón; J. Lizarraga; C. Ortigosa

    2007-01-01

    Entre 1998-2002 se registraron 16.952 nuevos casos de cáncer en Navarra. En los hombres, los cánceres más frecuentemente diagnosticados fueron, por este orden próstata, pulmón, colon y recto, vejiga y estómago, que sumaron el 63,2% de todos los casos de cáncer. En mujeres las localizaciones de mama, colon y recto, cuerpo de útero, estómago y ovario sumaron el 57,6 % del total de los casos. En el mismo periodo, 1998-2002, fallecieron por cáncer 4.127 hombres y 2.470 mujeres. El 60 % de todas l...

  5. Implicit Real Vector Automata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-François Degbomont

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the symbolic representation of non-convex real polyhedra, i.e., sets of real vectors satisfying arbitrary Boolean combinations of linear constraints. We develop an original data structure for representing such sets, based on an implicit and concise encoding of a known structure, the Real Vector Automaton. The resulting formalism provides a canonical representation of polyhedra, is closed under Boolean operators, and admits an efficient decision procedure for testing the membership of a vector.

  6. Implicit Real Vector Automata

    OpenAIRE

    Jean-François Degbomont; Julien Brusten; Bernard Boigelot

    2010-01-01

    This paper addresses the symbolic representation of non-convex real polyhedra, i.e., sets of real vectors satisfying arbitrary Boolean combinations of linear constraints. We develop an original data structure for representing such sets, based on an implicit and concise encoding of a known structure, the Real Vector Automaton. The resulting formalism provides a canonical representation of polyhedra, is closed under Boolean operators, and admits an efficient decision procedure for testing the ...

  7. Real estate valuation

    OpenAIRE

    Fleiberk, Tomáš

    2009-01-01

    The first part of this diploma thesis focuses on theoretical basis, which means definitions of basic terms related to real estates and valuation, cadastre of real estates, definitions of price and value, activity of valuers and real estate experts and two approaches to valuation, so called administrative and market valuation. The practical part begins with the apartment market analysis in the Czech republic in 2010 followed by the valuation of apartment. For the possibility of further compari...

  8. REAL ESTATE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Project: Shihua International Center Developer: Beijing Urban Construction Real Estate Co. Ltd. Location: Inner side of Jingguangqiao Overpass along the East Third Ring Road, Beijing Project Introduction: On the afternoon of March 30, Beijing Urban Construction Real Estate Co. Ltd. and Beijing Huihe Real Estate Co. Ltd. held the first introductory conference on the project of Shihua International Center in the Conference Hall of Jingguanq Center. At the conference,

  9. Real Estate Diversification Benefits

    OpenAIRE

    Dirk P.M. De Wit

    1997-01-01

    Diversification benefits are shown to vary inversely with the correlation between asset returns. The present study estimates average correlation coefficients between real-estate returns from property-specific data of an internationally diversified real estate and in the Netherlands. It is found that diversification benefits within the United States are much larger than on the European Continent. The low correlation found between U.S. real estate returns implies that portfolios of small number...

  10. REAL- ESTATE INTERFACE

    OpenAIRE

    Jawad, Mohamad

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the thesis was to implement the most efficient user interface (UI) for Real-estate in Finland for client companies due to their desire of having this feature in their system. The prototype was supposed to show the clients how the feature works to get needed data for real-estate properties in Finland in their map system. National Land Survey MML of Finland was chosen for tracking the real-estate properties data in the system. The real-estate prototype was developed by Micros...

  11. Real Change for the Real Economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    To tackle the problem of excess liquidity, it is extremely urgent to lead private speculative money into the investment sector. Developing strategic emerging industries will open a new investment channel for private capital and might help divert a certain amount from the virtual economy to real business operations.

  12. Ajuste psicológico emocional en la población infanto juvenil en situación de conflicto social, una aproximación a los estilos de afrontamiento personal. El caso de Navarra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel Gurbindo Marin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen La infancia y adolescencia en situación de riesgo/conflicto social configura una realidad que por sus características da lugar a una de las múltiples caras del espacio social de la exclusión. Constituye un colectivo que aunque en términos cuantitativos no sea en la actualidad y en el contexto navarro, muy grande, si que lo es su situación de desprotección, deterioro psicosocial y conflicto social permanente. En nuestro caso hablamos de un colectivo cuyas señas de identidad se han ido creando en contex- tos de desprotección severa y prolongada, sin una cobertura básica de sus necesidades físico-biológicas, emocionales y sociales, así como con un insuficiente grado de competencias y habilidades para la interacción socio-familiar. Todo lo cual, hace que este colectivo, esté cada vez más presente en el ámbito de actuación de la salud mental infanto-juvenil. Palabras clave: Protección, Infancia, Riesgo, Adolescencia, Crisis, Exclusión social, Salud mental. Abstract This paper focuses on analysis of children and adolescents who live in social conflict. Their identity has been formed in a severe and prolonged context of appalling neglect which does not cover their physical-biological, emotional and social needs. Therefore those human beings do not develop their skills to interact with their relatives and ensure the stability of the family unit. The extent of this phenomenon, as one of the many faces of social exclusion, is not so big in Navarra; however it must be taken into account that lack of protection, psychosocial impairment and permanent social conflict increases the risk that pubertal children suffer mental health problems. Key words: Protection, Childhood, Risk, Adolescence crisis, Social exclusion, Mental health. Resumo A infância e a adolescência em situação de risco / conflito social configura uma realidade que por sua natureza leva a uma das muitas faces de espaço de exclusa

  13. Síndrome de Cushing: veinticinco años de experiencia clínica en Navarra Cushing´s syndrome: twenty-five years of clinical experience in Navarre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Pérez García

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. El objetivo de este trabajo es conocer la situación del Síndrome de Cushing (CS en cuanto a etiología, diagnóstico, tratamiento y curación en los últimos 25 años en Navarra. Material y métodos. Este estudio -retrospectivo, observacional-, se ha llevado a cabo sobre 36 pacientes diagnosticados de SC entre 1985 y 2010. Resultados. El 80,5% eran mujeres y el 19,5% hombres. La edad media al diagnóstico fue 39,3±13 años. Las principales manifestaciones clínicas fueron: obesidad (85,3%, cara de luna llena (35,3% y miopatía (50%. Etiológicamente, el 58,3 % tenían origen hipofisario, el 36,1% adrenal y el 5,5% ectópico. La media de CLU fue 343,5±310,1 μg/24horas. El cortisol sérico tras el Nugent fue de 15,6±8,6 μg/dl. La media del cortisol plasmático tras el frenado débil fue 15,1±14,2 μg/dl. Existe correlación lineal directa estadísticamente significativa (pBackground. The aim of this work is to determine the situation of Cushing´s Syndrome (CS with respect to aetiology, diagnosis, treatment and cure in the last 25 years in Navarre. Methods. Retrospective, observational study on 36 patients diagnosed with CS between 1985 and 2010. Results. Eighty point five percent were women and 19.5% were men. The average age on diagnosis was 39.3±13 years. The main clinical manifestations were: obesity (85.3%, full moon face (35.3% and myopathy (50%. Aetiologically, in 58.3% the origin was hypophisiary, in 36.1% it was adrenal, and in 5.5% it was ectopic. The UFC average was 343.5±310.1 μg/24hours. Serum cortisol after Nugent test was 15.6±8.6 μg/dl. Low dose plasma cortisol average was 15.1±14.2 μg/dl. There is a statistically significant (p< 0.01 direct lineal correlation between UFC and the Nugent test, as well as between the Nugent test and low dose cortisol test. There are no statistically significant differences between adrenal and hypophisiary aetiology in either demographic factors or analytical results

  14. Identificación de problemas y propuestas para mejorar la atención de las urgencias extrahospitalarias en Navarra: un estudio Delphi Identification of problems and proposals for improving outpatient emergency care in Navarre: a Delphi study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Pérez-Ciordia

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. Las urgencias extrahospitalarias de Navarra sufrieron modificaciones en la organización hace dos años, destacando la creación del servicio de urgencias rural (SUR que coexiste geográficamente con el servicio normal de urgencias. El objetivo del estudio es conocer la opinión de expertos sobre los problemas y las recomendaciones de mejora que afectan a las urgencias extrahospitalarias. Metodología. Se realizó un estudio Delphi con la participación de 37 expertos (médicos y enfermeras. Por medio del correo electrónico se realizan 3 rondas de cuestionarios sucesivos. El último cuestionario identifica el grado de acuerdo con las ideas del grupo y se identifican los 15 problemas y recomendaciones más relevantes, seleccionando aquellas ideas que alcancen, al menos, el 50 % de acuerdo y una prioridad superior al percentil 25. Agrupamos las ideas mediante análisis de clúster jerárquico. Resultados. Se identifican 4 clúster de problemas, destacando entre ellos que «la población utiliza las urgencias para patología banal, como una consulta más» con una puntuación de 297 puntos. De las recomendaciones, con 3 clúster identificados, destaca la «necesidad de diseñar un plan estratégico de atención a las urgencias con unos recursos acorde a las necesidades» (310 puntos de prioridad y «enviar mensajes claros a la población sobre uso correcto de urgencias» (192 puntos de prioridad. Conclusión. El método Delphi identifica problemas y áreas de mejora a través del consenso.Background. Two years ago there were alterations to outpatient A and E departments in Navarre; in particular, a rural A and E service (Servicio de Urgencias Rural, SUR was set up, which coexists geographically with the normal A and E service. The aim of this study is to determine the opinion of experts on problems and recommendations for improvements that affect outpatient A and E services. Methodology. A Delphi study was carried out with the

  15. Real Estate Career Opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert; Gardner, Gene

    Designed to provide basic information on the major entry-level career fields in real estate, this document can be used as a reference manual for counselors and instructors. The manual contains general information about the following real estate careers: salesperson, sales manager, broker, land developer, property manager, appraiser, mortgage loan…

  16. Real Time Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Knud Smed

    2000-01-01

    Describes fundamentals of parallel programming and a kernel for that. Describes methods for modelling and checking parallel problems. Real time problems.......Describes fundamentals of parallel programming and a kernel for that. Describes methods for modelling and checking parallel problems. Real time problems....

  17. A Real Estate Revival?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lan; Xinzhen

    2013-01-01

    Further regulation in the real estate market is a must,but tighter controls won’t be easy Several government departments released a joint circular to control borrowing by local governments, which is the first policy involving the real estate market in the new year.

  18. Tropical Real Hurwitz numbers

    OpenAIRE

    Markwig, Hannah; Rau, Johannes

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we define tropical analogues of real Hurwitz numbers, i.e. numbers of covers of surfaces with compatible involutions satisfying prescribed ramification properties. We prove a correspondence theorem stating the equality of the tropical numbers with their real counterparts. We apply this theorem to the case of double Hurwitz numbers (which generalizes our result from arXiv:1409.8095).

  19. Basic real analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Sohrab, Houshang H

    2014-01-01

    This expanded second edition presents the fundamentals and touchstone results of real analysis in full rigor, but in a style that requires little prior familiarity with proofs or mathematical language. The text is a comprehensive and largely self-contained introduction to the theory of real-valued functions of a real variable. The chapters on Lebesgue measure and integral have been rewritten entirely and greatly improved. They now contain Lebesgue’s differentiation theorem as well as his versions of the Fundamental Theorem(s) of Calculus. With expanded chapters, additional problems, and an expansive solutions manual, Basic Real Analysis, Second Edition, is ideal for senior undergraduates and first-year graduate students, both as a classroom text and a self-study guide. Reviews of first edition: The book is a clear and well-structured introduction to real analysis aimed at senior undergraduate and beginning graduate students. The prerequisites are few, but a certain mathematical sophistication is required. ....

  20. Introduction to real analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Schramm, Michael J

    2008-01-01

    This text forms a bridge between courses in calculus and real analysis. It focuses on the construction of mathematical proofs as well as their final content. Suitable for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students of real analysis, it also provides a vital reference book for advanced courses in mathematics.The four-part treatment begins with an introduction to basic logical structures and techniques of proof, including discussions of the cardinality concept and the algebraic and order structures of the real and rational number systems. Part Two presents in-depth examinations of the compl

  1. Real-time shadows

    CERN Document Server

    Eisemann, Elmar; Assarsson, Ulf; Wimmer, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Important elements of games, movies, and other computer-generated content, shadows are crucial for enhancing realism and providing important visual cues. In recent years, there have been notable improvements in visual quality and speed, making high-quality realistic real-time shadows a reachable goal. Real-Time Shadows is a comprehensive guide to the theory and practice of real-time shadow techniques. It covers a large variety of different effects, including hard, soft, volumetric, and semi-transparent shadows.The book explains the basics as well as many advanced aspects related to the domain

  2. Real Wage Chronology

    OpenAIRE

    Amy Peng; Louis N. Christofides

    2009-01-01

    We process information in a large number of Canadian wage contracts, signed over a period of several decades, to generate the long-run history of the real wage for each bargaining pair. We term these hitherto unexamined histories ‘chronologies’. We are able to generate 1574 continuous real wage chronologies and we examine the evolution of the real wage in each case. We explore the influence of productivity growth, the labour relations record of the pair, the influence of industry and region a...

  3. Real Property Tax - 2016

    Data.gov (United States)

    Montgomery County of Maryland — This data represents all of the County’s residential real estate properties and all of the associated tax charges and credits with that property processed at the...

  4. Real Property Tax Rates

    Data.gov (United States)

    Montgomery County of Maryland — The Levy Year 2012 real property tax rate dataset reflects all the rates per $100 set each year by the County Council. These rates are applied to the assessed value...

  5. Real Interference Alignment

    CERN Document Server

    Motahari, Abolfazl Seyed; Maddah-Ali, Mohammad-Ali; Khandani, Amir Keyvan

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we show that the total Degrees-Of-Freedoms (DOF) of the $K$-user Gaussian Interference Channel (GIC) can be achieved by incorporating a new alignment technique known as \\emph{real interference alignment}. This technique compared to its ancestor \\emph{vector interference alignment} performs on a single real line and exploits the properties of real numbers to provide optimal signaling. The real interference alignment relies on a new coding scheme in which several data streams having fractional multiplexing gains are sent by transmitters and interfering streams are aligned at receivers. The coding scheme is backed up by a recent result in the field of Diophantine approximation, which states that the convergence part of the Khintchine-Groshev theorem holds for points on non-degenerate manifolds.

  6. REAL ESTATE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Stronger Demand in Shanghai Jones Lang LaSalle released its thirdquarter review report on the Shanghai real estate market.In Shanghai’s Puxi area,expansion of foreign-invested companies’ and clients’ needs for upgraded

  7. Modelling Real Property Transactions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stubkjær, Erik

    2002-01-01

    of researchers relate to surveying studies, and hence to the FIG. The main objective of the action is to improve the transparency of real property markets and to provide a stronger basis for the reduction of costs of real property transactions by preparing a set of models of real property transaction...... for more elaborated concept sets - for a theoretical basis - was among the motives for proposing a concerted research project: Modelling Real Property Transactions. Researchers from 11 European countries co-operate in the project that gained status as a COST action as of March 1st 2001. The majority....... The developed models and a subsequent comparative analysis can be used for improving the efficiency of the procedures. Further-more, the COST action will support Ph.D.-studies by providing a much-needed international research framework and a basis for Ph.D.-level courses. The paper develops on the multi...

  8. REAL ESTATE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Huaye International Center Location: Northwest Corner of Honglingjinqiao of Dongsihuanlu Investor: Huaye Real Estate Developer: Beijing Gaoshenghua Real Estate Development Co. Ltd. Hotline: 86-10-65858883 Introduction: Huaye International Center has a total floor space of about 80,000 square meters. It is a top-grade integrated business community, combining office buildings, five-star serviced apartments and recreational establishments. It is due to open in early 2007. Huaye is designed by prestigious Au...

  9. The Real Beauty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡晓媛

    2015-01-01

    it is well-known that all men search for beauty.Although the definition of beauty changes as time goes by,people still spare no efforts to pursue beauty in their lives.Meanwhile,most people try every means to make their body images better.With more people increasingly being eager for beauty in various ways,it is high time that we should think deeply about the concept of real beauty.In this paper,an attempt has been made to shed light on the real beauty.It is not completely physical appearance or slim figure,but a healthy body and peaceful mind as well as admirable courage.Above all,whether people can realize the nature of real beauty is certainly worthwhile for us to ponder.

  10. Real mathematical analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Pugh, Charles C

    2015-01-01

    Based on an honors course taught by the author at UC Berkeley, this introduction to undergraduate real analysis gives a different emphasis by stressing the importance of pictures and hard problems. Topics include: a natural construction of the real numbers, four-dimensional visualization, basic point-set topology, function spaces, multivariable calculus via differential forms (leading to a simple proof of the Brouwer Fixed Point Theorem), and a pictorial treatment of Lebesgue theory. Over 150 detailed illustrations elucidate abstract concepts and salient points in proofs. The exposition is informal and relaxed, with many helpful asides, examples, some jokes, and occasional comments from mathematicians, such as Littlewood, Dieudonné, and Osserman. This book thus succeeds in being more comprehensive, more comprehensible, and more enjoyable, than standard introductions to analysis. New to the second edition of Real Mathematical Analysis is a presentation of Lebesgue integration done almost entirely using the un...

  11. Real-time radiography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bossi, R.H.; Oien, C.T.

    1981-02-26

    Real-time radiography is used for imaging both dynamic events and static objects. Fluorescent screens play an important role in converting radiation to light, which is then observed directly or intensified and detected. The radiographic parameters for real-time radiography are similar to conventional film radiography with special emphasis on statistics and magnification. Direct-viewing fluoroscopy uses the human eye as a detector of fluorescent screen light or the light from an intensifier. Remote-viewing systems replace the human observer with a television camera. The remote-viewing systems have many advantages over the direct-viewing conditions such as safety, image enhancement, and the capability to produce permanent records. This report reviews real-time imaging system parameters and components.

  12. Real-time radiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Real-time radiography is used for imaging both dynamic events and static objects. Fluorescent screens play an important role in converting radiation to light, which is then observed directly or intensified and detected. The radiographic parameters for real-time radiography are similar to conventional film radiography with special emphasis on statistics and magnification. Direct-viewing fluoroscopy uses the human eye as a detector of fluorescent screen light or the light from an intensifier. Remote-viewing systems replace the human observer with a television camera. The remote-viewing systems have many advantages over the direct-viewing conditions such as safety, image enhancement, and the capability to produce permanent records. This report reviews real-time imaging system parameters and components

  13. The Real Beauty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡晓媛

    2015-01-01

    it is well-known that all men search for beauty. Although the definition of beauty changes as time goes by,people still spare no efforts to pursue beauty in their lives. Meanwhile,most people try every means to make their body images better.With more people increasingly being eager for beauty in various ways,it is high time that we should think deeply about the concept of real beauty.Inthis paper,an attempt has been made to shed light on the real beauty.It is not completely physical appearance or slim figure,but a healthy body and peaceful mind as well as admirable courage.Above all,whether people can realize the nature of real beauty is certainly worthwhile for us to ponder.

  14. Real quaternionic calculus handbook

    CERN Document Server

    Morais, João Pedro; Sprößig, Wolfgang

    2014-01-01

    Real quaternion analysis is a multi-faceted subject. Created to describe phenomena in special relativity, electrodynamics, spin etc., it has developed into a body of material that interacts with many branches of mathematics, such as complex analysis, harmonic analysis, differential geometry, and differential equations. It is also a ubiquitous factor in the description and elucidation of problems in mathematical physics. In the meantime real quaternion analysis has become a well established branch in mathematics and has been greatly successful in many different directions. This book is based on concrete examples and exercises rather than general theorems, thus making it suitable for an introductory one- or two-semester undergraduate course on some of the major aspects of real quaternion analysis in exercises. Alternatively, it may be used for beginning graduate level courses and as a reference work. With exercises at the end of each chapter and its straightforward writing style the book addresses readers who ...

  15. Percepción y hábitos de salud bucodental en niños y adolescentes de Navarra, 2007 Oral health perception and oral habits in children and teenagers in Navarre, 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Artázcoz

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. Conocer la auto-percepción del nivel de salud oral y de las necesidades de tratamiento, los hábitos de higiene y la frecuencia de asistencia al dentista de los escolares de Navarra. Material y métodos. La población de estudio fue la de 6, 12 y 14 años de edad. La muestra se obtuvo de los colegios de 1º y 6º de Enseñanza Primaria (EP y 2º de Enseñanza Secundaria Obligatoria (ESO y la recogida de datos se hizo mediante cuestionarios auto-cumplimentados. Resultados. El 92%, a los 6 y 12 años, y el 82,9% a los 14 años está satisfecho con su salud oral. El 13,1% de los de 12 años y el 19,3% de 14 están descontentos, sobre todo por el mal alineamiento dental. Aproximadamente, un tercio cree necesitar algún tratamiento, sobre todo obturaciones a los 6 años y ortodoncia a los 12 y 14. Casi dos tercios dicen cepillarse los dientes más de una vez al día y entre el 80 y el 90% dicen haber ido al dentista en el último año. Más del 75% de los responsables de los escolares de 6 y 12 años valoran positivamente las prestaciones del Programa de Atención Dental Infantil (PADI y más del 95% está satisfecho con la asistencia que el dentista del PADI presta a sus hijos. El sexo, medio de residencia y nivel socioeconómico apenas influyen en la percepción de salud, frecuencia de cepillado o necesidades de tratamiento sentidas. Conclusión. El estudio revela que la percepción subjetiva de salud dental es buena y que un tercio de los encuestados creen necesitar algún tipo de tratamiento. Es muy positivo que la mayoría digan que hayan ido al dentista en el último año y que se cepillan la boca más de una vez al día, mejorando los resultados de estudios anteriores.Background. To determine the self-perception of oral health levels and the need for treatment, hygienic habits and frequency of visits to the dentist amongst schoolchildren in Navarre. Methods. The population of the study was aged 6, 12 and 14 years. The sample was

  16. Consumo de aceite de oliva e incidencia de diabetes mellitus en la cohorte española seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN Olive oil consumption and incidence of diabetes mellitus, in the Spanish sun cohort

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Marí-Sanchis

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Se conoce el beneficio de la dieta mediterránea sobre los factores de riesgo cardiovascular y sobre el metabolismo hidrocarbonado. No está claro sin embargo, el papel particular del aceite de oliva sobre la incidencia de diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto específico del consumo de aceite de oliva sobre el riesgo de desarrollar diabetes mellitus tipo 2 en la cohorte española Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra. Métodos: Un total de 10.491 participantes seguidos durante una media de 5,7 años fueron incluidos en el análisis. La valoración dietética inicial se realizó mediante un cuestionario previamente validado y con un total de 136 ítems. El evento de interés fueron los nuevos casos de diabetes incidente diagnosticados a los participantes durante el seguimiento mediante evaluaciones repetidas cada dos años. Se estimaron los riesgos relativos (odds ratios de diabetes asociados a cada nivel de consumo de aceite de oliva (quintiles mediante modelos de regresión logística para ajustar por posibles factores de confusión. Resultados: La edad media fue de 38,9 + 11,4 años, con un índice de masa corporal de 23,8 + 3,4 kg/m². Se detectaron durante el seguimiento 42 nuevos casos de diabetes mellitus tipo 2. No hubo relación estadísticamente significativa entre el consumo de aceite de oliva y el riesgo de diabetes. La odds ratio ajustada para el quintil superior (vs.el inferior fue de 1,11 (IC 95% 0,45-2,78 (p de tendencia = 0,32. Conclusiones: No hemos encontrado asociación entre el consumo de aceite de oliva y la incidencia de diabetes tipo 2 en esta cohorte. La ausencia de asociación encontrada se podría atribuir a los pocos casos incidentes en una población sana y con pocos factores de riesgo. Probablemente sea necesario un seguimiento más prolongado de una cohorte Mediterránea con mayor riesgo basal para poder evaluar esta asociación.Introduction: The beneficial effects of the overall

  17. Real-Time Shading

    CERN Document Server

    Olano, Marc

    2002-01-01

    This book covers real-time shading systems, their design and how they work. Procedural shading, long valued for off-line rendering and production animation is now possible on interactive graphics hardware. These developments are important for areas such as game development, product design, and scientific visualization, among others. The authors include examples of techniques for achieving common effects efficiently in a real-time shading language ranging from full procedural shading on advanced specialized hardware to limited, yet surprisingly flexible shading on unextended OpenGL, to modern P

  18. Real estate investment dynamics

    OpenAIRE

    Gruber, Johannes

    2010-01-01

    This thesis is motivated by the steadily increasing interest in the dynamic relationship between the macro-economy and the real estate sector. One of the main issues in this respect is to study the investment dynamics. Since the bursting of the U.S. housing bubble in 2006 is identified as the point of origin of the so called subprime crises, which led to the collapse of the U.S. financial system, the dynamics of real estate investments is of particular interest. In the first part of my the...

  19. Real analysis and probability

    CERN Document Server

    Ash, Robert B; Lukacs, E

    1972-01-01

    Real Analysis and Probability provides the background in real analysis needed for the study of probability. Topics covered range from measure and integration theory to functional analysis and basic concepts of probability. The interplay between measure theory and topology is also discussed, along with conditional probability and expectation, the central limit theorem, and strong laws of large numbers with respect to martingale theory.Comprised of eight chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the basic concepts of the theory of measure and integration, followed by a presentation of var

  20. Equity Real Estate Investment Trusts and Real Estate Returns

    OpenAIRE

    S. Michael Giliberto

    1990-01-01

    Some investors view equity real estate investment trusts (EREITs) as partial substitutes for conventional real estate investments, although the correlation between EREIT and real estate returns is insignificant. However, this study finds that the residuals from regressions of both real estate series on financial asset returns are significantly correlated. This supports the notion that there is a common factor (or factors) associated with real estate that affects both sets of returns. In addit...

  1. Is Optimism Real?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simmons, Joseph P.; Massey, Cade

    2012-01-01

    Is optimism real, or are optimistic forecasts just cheap talk? To help answer this question, we investigated whether optimistic predictions persist in the face of large incentives to be accurate. We asked National Football League football fans to predict the winner of a single game. Roughly half (the partisans) predicted a game involving their…

  2. Introductory real analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Kolmogorov, A N; Silverman, Richard A

    1975-01-01

    Self-contained and comprehensive, this elementary introduction to real and functional analysis is readily accessible to those with background in advanced calculus. It covers basic concepts and introductory principles in set theory, metric spaces, topological and linear spaces, linear functionals and linear operators, and much more. 350 problems. 1970 edition.

  3. Real-World Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borja, Rhea R.

    2006-01-01

    This article presents IISME, a U.S. program that can give educators a real-world experience and that can deepen their subject-matter knowledge. It also presents the experiences of some teachers who are into this program. IISME's summer-fellowship program started out with 40 teachers and 12 companies. The group's growth picked up in 2001, when it…

  4. Real-world outcomes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Askehave, Inger; Holmgreen, Lise-Lotte

    2012-01-01

    research findings to subjects” (Roberts and Sarangi 2003, 340) although, arguably, making results applicable to a real-world context ought to be an essential goal of researcher-practitioner studies. This issue forms the background of the article, in which it will be discussed how the dissemination...

  5. Being Real for Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Margie

    1995-01-01

    Because ready role models for today's children are media-created superheroes and celebrities of television and film, children need real-life role models who guide them into realistic personal and social pathways. As principal adult contacts, teachers can be such role models. Specific strategies for encouraging teachers in this role are presented.…

  6. Convergence Is Real

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enyeart, Mike; Staman, E. Michael; Valdes, Jose J., Jr.

    2007-01-01

    The concept of convergence has evolved significantly during recent years. Today, "convergence" refers to the integration of the communications and computing resources and services that seamlessly traverse multiple infrastructures and deliver content to multiple platforms or appliances. Convergence is real. Those in higher education, and especially…

  7. Real determinant line bundles

    CERN Document Server

    Okonek, Christian

    2011-01-01

    This article is an expanded version of the talk given by Ch. O. at the Second Latin Congress on "Symmetries in Geometry and Physics" in Curitiba, Brazil in December 2010. In this version we explain the topological and gauge-theoretical aspects of our paper "Abelian Yang-Mills theory on Real tori and Theta divisors of Klein surfaces".

  8. Real Estate Inheritance in Austria

    OpenAIRE

    Pirmin Fessler; Peter Mooslechner; Martin Schürz

    2010-01-01

    As real estate inheritances are an important component of Austrian households’ assets, they are relevant for monetary policymaking and for the maintenance of financial stability. 20% of Austrian households have inherited real estate wealth, with some 2% of all households accounting for around 40% of the overall volume of real estate inheritances in Austria. In aggregate, real estate inheritances constitute up to 23% of households’ total real estate wealth. Households which have inherited diff...

  9. Route around real time

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The greater and greater autonomy and complexity asked to the control and command systems lead to work on introducing techniques such as Artificial Intelligence or concurrent object programming in industrial applications. However, while the critical feature of these systems impose to control the dynamics of the proposed solutions, their complexity often imposes a high adaptability to a partially modelled environment. The studies presented start from low level control and command systems to more complex applications at higher levels, such as 'supervision systems'. Techniques such as temporal reasoning and uncertainty management are proposed for the first studies, while the second are tackled with programming techniques based on the real time object paradigm. The outcomes of this itinerary crystallize on the ACCORD project which targets to manage - on the whole life cycle of a real time application - these two problematics, sometimes antagonistic: control of the dynamics and adaptivity. (author)

  10. Real analysis on intervals

    CERN Document Server

    Choudary, A D R

    2014-01-01

    The book targets undergraduate and postgraduate mathematics students and helps them develop a deep understanding of mathematical analysis. Designed as a first course in real analysis, it helps students learn how abstract mathematical analysis solves mathematical problems that relate to the real world. As well as providing a valuable source of inspiration for contemporary research in mathematics, the book helps students read, understand and construct mathematical proofs, develop their problem-solving abilities and comprehend the importance and frontiers of computer facilities and much more. It offers comprehensive material for both seminars and independent study for readers with a basic knowledge of calculus and linear algebra. The first nine chapters followed by the appendix on the Stieltjes integral are recommended for graduate students studying probability and statistics, while the first eight chapters followed by the appendix on dynamical systems will be of use to students of biology and environmental scie...

  11. Cohesion in real materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Theoretically calculated values of cohesion force density are compared with their values in real materials. Cohesion at the interface of twin inclusions in niobium at 4.2 K, slip bands in niobium at 77 K, slip bands in niobium oxidized and predeformed at 295 K after cooling down to 77 K, in slip bands of different hardened and tempered steels, at the boundaries of Al99.999 grains - in the process of torsional vibrations at 523 K, have been determined. To calculate cohesion force density and dry friction coefficient a two-member formula of dry friction is used. In all the cases cohesion force density of real materials was below its values calculated theoretically. Excess of yield limit and strengthening curve under compression over yield limit and strengthening curve under tension is explaind as a result of summation and subtraction of external stresses and cohesion forces

  12. Incidencia y mortalidad por cáncer en Navarra, 1998-2002: Evolución en los últimos 30 años Incidence and mortality due to cancer in Navarre, 1998-2002: Trends in the last 30 years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Ardanaz

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Entre 1998-2002 se registraron 16.952 nuevos casos de cáncer en Navarra. En los hombres, los cánceres más frecuentemente diagnosticados fueron, por este orden próstata, pulmón, colon y recto, vejiga y estómago, que sumaron el 63,2% de todos los casos de cáncer. En mujeres las localizaciones de mama, colon y recto, cuerpo de útero, estómago y ovario sumaron el 57,6 % del total de los casos. En el mismo periodo, 1998-2002, fallecieron por cáncer 4.127 hombres y 2.470 mujeres. El 60 % de todas las muertes producidas por tumores malignos en hombres se debieron a las localizaciones de pulmón, próstata, colón y recto, estómago y vejiga. En las mujeres las localizaciones de colon y recto, mama, estómago, páncreas y pulmón, sumaron el 49% de las defunciones por cáncer. En los hombres de Navarra han aumentado las tasas de incidencia del cáncer de próstata, riñón y linfoma no Hodgkin. Cánceres evitables, como los relacionados con el hábito de fumar (pulmón, cavidad oral y faringe o páncreas, continúan en ascenso, y representan mayor riesgo global de morir por cáncer en el último periodo estudiado que en las décadas de los años 1970 y 1980. A partir de 1995 y hasta la actualidad, la mortalidad por cáncer pasó de ocupar el segundo lugar a ser la primera causa de muerte entre los hombres de Navarra. El riesgo global de muerte por cáncer en hombres se ha igualado al primer periodo estudiado 1975-77. Entre las mujeres el riesgo global de muerte por cáncer descendió un 25% entre 1975 y 2002, a costa fundamentalmente del cáncer de mama y de estómago. Los tumores relacionados con el hábito de fumar muestran incrementos tanto en la mortalidad como en la incidencia y emerge como un problema importante de salud entre las mujeres de Navarra. Ha aumentado la incidencia de cáncer de mama, en cambio en la mortalidad se sitúa en cifras inferiores a las del primer periodo 1975-77. El cáncer invasivo de cérvix se mantiene en tasas

  13. Efecto de la edad, el sexo y el tiempo en la biometría del Piquituerto común (Loxia curvirostra curvirostra en Navarra = Effect of age, sex and time in the biometrics of common crossbill (Loxia curvirostra curvirostra in Navarre.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Alonso, J. Arizaga

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Se estudia en detalle la biometría del Piquituerto Común (Loxia curvirostra curvirostra en Navarra (N de España, W de Pirineos, según los sexos, edad y el año de captura. entre 1994 y 2006 se capturaron un total de 2101 aves, en dos localidades emplazadas en bosques de pino silvestre (Pinus sylvestris. Además de la edad y sexo, en cada ejemplar se tomaron diez medidas, relacionadas con el ala, cola, pata y pico, y la morfología del ala de 2004 a 2006. Para toda variable hubo diferencias significativas entre los sexos y edades, presentando los valores máximos los machos adultos, y los mínimos las hembras jóvenes. Tras eliminar el efecto de la edad y sexo, se observaron diferencias interanuales, posiblemente debido a la ocurrencia de aves irruptivas. en lo relativo a la morfología alar, la especie parece mostrar en promedio alas apuntadas y cóncavas, sugiriendo cierta naturaleza nómada, tal vez debido a la variabilidad en la producción de semillas en el pino silvestre. Además, se registraron diferencias entre los sexos, mostrando los machos un ala más apuntada y convexa. Se desconocen por ahora las causas de esta variabilidad.

  14. Resuscitating Real Business Cycles

    OpenAIRE

    Robert G. King; Sergio T. Rebelo

    2000-01-01

    The Real Business Cycle (RBC) research program has grown spectacularly over the last decade, as its concepts and methods have diffused into mainstream macroeconomics. Yet, there is increasing skepticism that technology shocks are a major source of business fluctuations. This chapter exposits the basic RBC model and shows that it requires large technology shocks to produce realistic business cycles. While Solow residuals are sufficiently volatile, these imply frequent technological regress. Pr...

  15. REAL ESTATE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    NewⅠ-House Investor: Beijing Lucky Hope Real Estate Development Co. Ltd. Developer: Beijing Molin Trunk Road Development Co. Ltd. Location: Lisui Town, Shunyi District, Beijing Tel: 86-10-89483551/52 Project introduction: When discussing Chinese-style homes in old Beijing, one naturally mentions the traditional siheyuan, or courtyard house, invoking the nostalgia associated with the ancient city. Today, with inappropriate edifices and copycat structures cluttering the capital's skyline, it is frustrating...

  16. REAL ESTATE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Lane Villa Developer: Beijing North Star Real Estate Development Co. Ltd. Location: Laiguangying Donglu, Chaoyang District Tel: 86-10-84701288, 84703766 Introduction: Located in a traditional villa district by the Wenyuhe River in Chaoyang District, Lane Villa covers an area of 16 hectares and has a total floor space of 110,000 square meters. Buildings in Lane Villa are harmoniously integrated with the surrounding landscape. We pursue innovation and novelty in design. The tree-like block structure not on...

  17. Real Islamic Logic

    OpenAIRE

    Bergstra, J. A.

    2011-01-01

    Four options for assigning a meaning to Islamic Logic are surveyed including a new proposal for an option named "Real Islamic Logic" (RIL). That approach to Islamic Logic should serve modern Islamic objectives in a way comparable to the functionality of Islamic Finance. The prospective role of RIL is analyzed from several perspectives: (i) parallel distributed systems design, (ii) reception by a community structured audience, (iii) informal logic and applied non-classical logics, and (iv) (in...

  18. Real Islamic Logic

    CERN Document Server

    Bergstra, Jan Aldert

    2011-01-01

    Four options for assigning a meaning to Islamic Logic are surveyed including a new proposal for an option named "Real Islamic Logic" (RIL). That approach to Islamic Logic should serve modern Islamic objectives in a way comparable to the functionality of Islamic Finance. The prospective role of RIL is analyzed from several perspectives: (i) parallel distributed systems design, (ii) reception by a community structured audience, (iii) informal logic and applied non-classical logics, and (iv) (in)tractability and artificial intelligence.

  19. Real Time Strategy Language

    OpenAIRE

    Hayes, Roy; Beling, Peter; Scherer, William

    2014-01-01

    Real Time Strategy (RTS) games provide complex domain to test the latest artificial intelligence (AI) research. In much of the literature, AI systems have been limited to playing one game. Although, this specialization has resulted in stronger AI gaming systems it does not address the key concerns of AI researcher. AI researchers seek the development of AI agents that can autonomously interpret learn, and apply new knowledge. To achieve human level performance, current AI systems rely on game...

  20. REAL ESTATE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    China View Developer: Beijing Shengce Real Estate Development Co. Ltd. Location: Sanlitun, Chaoyang District, Beijing Tel: 86-10-65089898, 64151355 Introduction: The area round Sanlitun and the Worker's Stadium are the most thriving entertainment and nightlife centers for trendsetters in Beijing. Dotted with famous bars, renowned banks, exotic restaurants and boutiques, the area is within proximity of many embassies, hotels, office buildings and sports competition venues.

  1. Real business cycle realizations

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, Gregor W.; Stanley E. Zin

    1997-01-01

    Much recent business cycle research focuses on moments of macroeconomic aggregates. We construct examples of real business cycle sample paths for output, consumption, and employment for the U.S. economy. Annual sample paths are generated from an initial condition in 1925, measured technology and government spending shocks since then, and a standard, calibrated, one-sector model of the business cycle. Quarterly sample paths are generated similarly, from an initial condition in 1955. The law of...

  2. Real Time Processing

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva; ANDERSON, Dustin James; DOGLIONI, Caterina

    2015-01-01

    The LHC provides experiments with an unprecedented amount of data. Experimental collaborations need to meet storage and computing requirements for the analysis of this data: this is often a limiting factor in the physics program that would be achievable if the whole dataset could be analysed. In this talk, I will describe the strategies adopted by the LHCb, CMS and ATLAS collaborations to overcome these limitations and make the most of LHC data: data parking, data scouting, and real-time analysis.

  3. Several real variables

    CERN Document Server

    Kantorovitz, Shmuel

    2016-01-01

    This undergraduate textbook is based on lectures given by the author on the differential and integral calculus of functions of several real variables. The book has a modern approach and includes topics such as: •The p-norms on vector space and their equivalence •The Weierstrass and Stone-Weierstrass approximation theorems •The differential as a linear functional; Jacobians, Hessians, and Taylor's theorem in several variables •The Implicit Function Theorem for a system of equations, proved via Banach’s Fixed Point Theorem •Applications to Ordinary Differential Equations •Line integrals and an introduction to surface integrals This book features numerous examples, detailed proofs, as well as exercises at the end of sections. Many of the exercises have detailed solutions, making the book suitable for self-study. Several Real Variables will be useful for undergraduate students in mathematics who have completed first courses in linear algebra and analysis of one real variable.

  4. Real Parabolic Vector Bundles over a Real Curve

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Sanjay Amrutiya

    2014-02-01

    We define real parabolic structures on real vector bundles over a real curve. Let $(X, _X)$ be a real curve, and let $S\\subset X$ be a non-empty finite subset of such that $_X(S) = S$. Let ≥ 2 be an integer. We construct an -fold cyclic cover : $Y→ X$ in the category of real curves, ramified precisely over each point of , and with the property that for any element of the Galois group , and any $y\\in Y$, one has $_Y(gy) = g^{-1}_Y(y)$. We established an equivalence between the category of real parabolic vector bundles on $(X,_X)$ with real parabolic structure over , all of whose weights are integral multiples of 1/, and the category of real -equivariant vector bundles on $(Y, _Y)$.

  5. Ovation Prime Real-Time

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Ovation Prime Real-Time (OPRT) product is a real-time forecast and nowcast model of auroral power and is an operational implementation of the work by Newell et...

  6. Real-world outcomes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holmgreen, Lise-Lotte

    -border software company and the possible implications of these constructions for organizational collaboration. Special attention will be paid to the reflexive processes which took place as we, the researchers, discussed the findings of our analyses with a group of managers, the practitioners, during one specific......-down model of feeding back research findings to subjects” (Roberts and Sarangi 2003, 340) although, arguably, making results applicable to a real-world context ought to be an essential goal of researcher-practitioner studies. This issue forms the background of the presentation, in which it will be discussed...

  7. Un-real Estate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulfstjerne, Michael Alexander

    of plan and profit. Through the attitudes, perceptions, and forms of sociality that constituted an actual economic bubble (and its subsequent collapse) the dissertation provides ethnographic detail relevant for understanding contemporary China, the social effects of economic development, and state......Based on ethnographic fieldwork in Ordos China the dissertation ‘Un-real Estate’ traces a local economic boom into its subsequent bust. It gives an account of how state as well as non-state actors appropriate state development schemes and the unintended effects resulting from the colluding forces...

  8. Sistemas en tiempo real

    OpenAIRE

    Ramón, Hugo Dionisio; Romero, Fernando

    2002-01-01

    El objetivo de esta línea de investigación es el estudio y desarrollo de aplicaciones que poseen restricciones temporales. Resulta de interés el estudio de diferentes metodologías para la especificación y desarrollo de aplicaciones en tiempo real, así como las plataformas donde dichas aplicaciones pueden ejecutarse. Se trabaja experimentalmente con distintos tipos de hardware y software entre los que pueden mencionarse placas A/D, mini-robots, máquinas multimicroprocesadores y diferentes s...

  9. Real analysis and foundations

    CERN Document Server

    Krantz, Steven G

    2013-01-01

    Praise for the Second Edition:""The book is recommended as a source for middle-level mathematical courses. It can be used not only in mathematical departments, but also by physicists, engineers, economists, and other experts in applied sciences who want to understand the main ideas of analysis in order to use them to study mathematical models of different type processes.""-Zentralblatt MATH ""The book contains many well-chosen examples and each of the fifteen chapters is followed by almost 500 exercises. … Illustrative pictures are instructive and the design of the book makes reading it a real

  10. Real- Time Simulation Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Srinivas

    1987-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with development of the real-time simulation systems. Two systems, one for supporting the research and development programmes of the aircraft industry and the other to provide pilot training of modem aircraft are described. The presentation brings out the effectiveness of such systems in their respective roles and the techniques developed in the design and realisation of hardware and software.This also gives a overview of various activities which have culminated in the establishment of research simulation facility and training simulators. Also plans of actions and techniques proposed to be employed in terms of future programmes are discussed.

  11. Real interest parity decomposition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex Luiz Ferreira

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to investigate the general causes of real interest rate differentials (rids for a sample of emerging markets for the period of January 1996 to August 2007. To this end, two methods are applied. The first consists of breaking the variance of rids down into relative purchasing power pariety and uncovered interest rate parity and shows that inflation differentials are the main source of rids variation; while the second method breaks down the rids and nominal interest rate differentials (nids into nominal and real shocks. Bivariate autoregressive models are estimated under particular identification conditions, having been adequately treated for the identified structural breaks. Impulse response functions and error variance decomposition result in real shocks as being the likely cause of rids.O objetivo deste artigo é investigar as causas gerais dos diferenciais da taxa de juros real (rids para um conjunto de países emergentes, para o período de janeiro de 1996 a agosto de 2007. Para tanto, duas metodologias são aplicadas. A primeira consiste em decompor a variância dos rids entre a paridade do poder de compra relativa e a paridade de juros a descoberto e mostra que os diferenciais de inflação são a fonte predominante da variabilidade dos rids; a segunda decompõe os rids e os diferenciais de juros nominais (nids em choques nominais e reais. Sob certas condições de identificação, modelos autorregressivos bivariados são estimados com tratamento adequado para as quebras estruturais identificadas e as funções de resposta ao impulso e a decomposição da variância dos erros de previsão são obtidas, resultando em evidências favoráveis a que os choques reais são a causa mais provável dos rids.

  12. Cinema into the Real.

    OpenAIRE

    Eastwood, S. J.

    2007-01-01

    Cinema into the Real is the practice of creating an affect based encounter between film and the lived world where their thresholds shift. It is an inquiry into the possibility for navigating what Gilles Deleuze calls the 'not-yet-thoughf brought into existence by an irrational form of cinema comprised of crystalline time-images. How does the schema of normative cinema fiction and documentary stand in for the lived world, and how might the statements, maps and spaces of this cinema be made flu...

  13. Construction of the real numbers

    OpenAIRE

    Grešak, Rozalija

    2013-01-01

    In this thesis, there are described two standard constructions of the real numbers, these are the construction of real numbers via Dedekind cuts and the construction with metric fill of the rational numbers. Rational numbers are already a linearly ordered commutative field, so we first list the axioms of a linearly ordered commutative field. Then we take a look to the Dedekind's axiom, which only applies to real numbers and distinguishes between real and rational numbers. In thesis, there are...

  14. Countability of the Real Numbers

    OpenAIRE

    Vlahovic, Slavica; Vlahovic, Branislav

    2004-01-01

    The proofs that the real numbers are denumerable will be shown, i.e., that there exists one-to-one correspondence between the natural numbers $N$ and the real numbers $\\Re$. The general element of the sequence that contains all real numbers will be explicitly specified, and the first few elements of the sequence will be written. Remarks on the Cantor's nondenumerability proofs of 1873 and 1891 that the real numbers are noncountable will be given.

  15. REAL TOMITA-TAKESAKI THEORY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIBINGREN

    1999-01-01

    Tomita-Takesaki theory in the real case is considered. The author introduces the conception of a nondegenerate pair of closed subspaces in a real Hilbert space. Then a satisfactory real Tomita Takesaki theory is obtained, and it seems to be a special resu|t of the complex case.

  16. Controllability of Real Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Cowan, Noah J; Vilhena, Daril A; Bergstrom, Carl T

    2011-01-01

    Liu \\emph{et al.}\\ have forged new links between control theory and network dynamics by focusing on the structural controllability of networks [Lui et al., Nature:473(7346), 167-173, 2011]. Two main results in the paper are that (1) the number of driver nodes, $N_D$, necessary to control a network is determined by the network's degree distribution and (2) $N_D$ tends to represent a substantial fraction of the nodes in inhomogeneous networks such as the real-world examples considered therein. These conclusions hinge on a critical modeling assumption: the dynamical system at each node in the network is degenerate in the sense that it has an infinite time constant, implying that its value neither grows nor decays absent influence from inbound connections. However, the real networks considered in the paper---including food webs, power grids, electronic circuits, metabolic networks, and neuronal networks---manifest dynamics at each node that have finite time constants. Here we apply Liu \\emph{et al.}'s theoretical...

  17. Real estate surfaces appraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Ciuna

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In the appraisal of the market value of the properties are applied two important surface indexes: the market surface ratio of the secondary surfaces and the ratio of the site value to total value (allocation method. The measure of both these indexes can be revealed difficult: the data collection of the surface trade ratio in the market can get different results and in practice often the valuer refolds on the fixed coefficients brought in the handbooks and in the circulars of the public administration; the appraisal of the ratio of the site, especially in the central zones and for ancient buildings, where besides the incidence is higher, is developed extrapolating the ratios from the peripheral zones for new building or falling back on the publications of real estate sector.For the market comparison methods are proposed a series of test of surface trade ratio and land value ratio to foresee the effect on the appraisal result.

  18. Real algebraic geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Bochnak, Jacek; Roy, Marie-Françoise

    1998-01-01

    This book is a systematic treatment of real algebraic geometry, a subject that has strong interrelation with other areas of mathematics: singularity theory, differential topology, quadratic forms, commutative algebra, model theory, complexity theory etc. The careful and clearly written account covers both basic concepts and up-to-date research topics. It may be used as text for a graduate course. The present edition is a substantially revised and expanded English version of the book "Géometrie algébrique réelle" originally published in French, in 1987, as Volume 12 of ERGEBNISSE. Since the publication of the French version the theory has made advances in several directions. Many of these are included in this English version. Thus the English book may be regarded as a completely new treatment of the subject.

  19. Einstein's Real "biggest Blunder"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Homer G.

    2012-10-01

    Albert Einstein's real "biggest blunder" was not the 1917 introduction into his gravitational field equations of a cosmological constant term Λ, rather was his failure in 1916 to distinguish between the entirely different concepts of active gravitational mass and passive gravitational mass. Had he made the distinction, and followed David Hilbert's lead in deriving field equations from a variational principle, he might have discovered a true (not a cut and paste) Einstein-Rosen bridge and a cosmological model that would have allowed him to predict, long before such phenomena were imagined by others, inflation, a big bounce (not a big bang), an accelerating expansion of the universe, dark matter, and the existence of cosmic voids, walls, filaments and nodes.

  20. Real time production optimization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saputelli, Luigi; Otavio, Joao; Araujo, Turiassu; Escorcia, Alvaro [Halliburton, Houston, TX (United States). Landmark Division

    2004-07-01

    Production optimization encompasses various activities of measuring, analyzing, modeling, prioritizing and implementing actions to enhance productivity of a field. We present a state-of-the-art framework for optimizing production on a continuous basis as new sensor data is acquired in real time. Permanently acquired data is modeled and analyzed in order to create predictive models. A model based control strategy is used to regulate well and field instrumentation. The optimum field operating point, which changes with time, satisfies the maximum economic return. This work is a starting point for further development in automatic, intelligent reservoir technologies which get the most out of the abilities of permanent, instrumented wells and remotely activated downhole completions. The strategy, tested with history-matched data from a compartmentalised giant field, proved to reduce operating costs while increasing oil recovery by 27% in this field. (author)

  1. Real Assets and Inflation: Which Real Assets Hedge Inflation

    OpenAIRE

    Parajuli, Rajan; Chang, Sun Joseph

    2015-01-01

    Inflation is considered as a leading macroeconomic indicator, which might create substantial distortions in financial statements, future earnings, and overall performance of securities in the financial market. An inflation-hedging ability of an asset offers protection against inflation, which eliminates or at least reduces the uncertainty about the future real returns. Real assets like real estate, timberland, and farmland have been regarded as good inflation hedges, whereas financial assets ...

  2. UML for real design of embedded real-time systems

    CERN Document Server

    Martin, Grant; Selic, Bran

    2003-01-01

    Models, Software Models and UML.- UML for Real-Time.- Structural Modeling with UML 2.0.- Message Sequence Charts.- UML and Platform-based Design.- UML for Hardware and Software Object Modeling.- Fine Grained Patterns for Real-Time Systems.- Architectural Patterns for Real-Time Systems.- Modeling Quality of Service with UML.- Modeling Metric Time.- Performance Analysis with UML.- Schedulability Analysis with UML.- Automotive UML.- Specifying Telecommunications Systems with UML.- Leveraging UML to Deliver Correct Telecom Applications.- Software Performance Engineering.

  3. Estudio de riesgo vascular en Navarra: objetivos y diseño. Prevalencia del síndrome metabólico y de los factores mayores de riesgo vascular Study of vascular risk in Navarre: objectives and design. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and of vascular risk factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.J. Viñes

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: Determinar en una muestra poblacional la prevalencia de los factores de riesgo y del síndrome metabólico, su asociación con las lesiones arterioscleróticas subclínicas y su impacto sobre la enfermedad cardiovascular y cerebrovascular a los 10 años. Material y métodos: (Fase I Estudio transversal en una muestra aleatoria estratificada por edad y sexo de la población de Navarra entre 35 y 84 años, por encuesta sobre antecedentes vasculares, factores de riesgo, exploración física y analítica. (Fase II Estudio de cohortes de 10 años de seguimiento, en 500 expuestos y 500 no expuestos al SM, entre 45 y 74 años seleccionados para una razón de riesgo de 2, y una potencia del 82,25%, con exploración de marcadores de arteriosclerosis subclínica por imagen y analíticos. (Fase III Seguimiento de eventos de enfermedad vascular a los 10 años de la muestra poblacional y de la cohorte prospectiva. Resultados: (Fase 1 Los sujetos requeridos fueron 6.553; excluidos y no localizados 871; la muestra efectiva 5.682 (2.644 hombres y 3.038 mujeres y completaron el estudio 4.168 sujetos, (73,4%. La prevalencia del síndrome metabólico entre 35 y 84 años fue de 22,1 por 100 (IC95% 20,5-23,7 en hombres y de 17,2% (IC95% 15,8-18,5 en mujeres. Los factores mayores de riesgo vascular presentan prevalencias altas esperadas respecto a otras áreas geográficas excepto la del HDL colesterol bajo que lo fue de 8,5 por 100 (IC95% 7,4-9,6 en hombres y de 1,7% (IC95% 1,3-2,2. Conclusiones: Existen diferencias importantes de riesgo entre sexos en detrimento de los hombres. Las altas cifras promedio de HDL colesterol y la baja prevalencia de síndrome metabólico pueden justificar el menor riesgo de eventos vasculares en Navarra.Background. To determine in a representative sample of the population the prevalence of risk factors and metabolic syndrome; their association with sub-clinical atherosclerotic lesions and their impact on

  4. Three essays in real options

    OpenAIRE

    Baranouskaya, Vera; Barone Adesi, Giovanni

    2010-01-01

    Real options refer to the investment, entry, exit and other strategic decisions of the firm that share three important characteristics: they are irreversible, they are made under uncertainty, and their timing is chosen by the firm. The term `real options' was introduced in 1977 by Stewart Myers in his paper `Determinants of corporate borrowing' that related risky debt holdings to the future investment policy of the firm. The literature on real options has since been active and growing with...

  5. Real Picard-Vessiot theory

    OpenAIRE

    Crespo, Teresa; Hajto, Zbigniew; Sowa, Elzbieta

    2012-01-01

    The existence of a Picard-Vessiot extension for a homogeneous linear differential equation has been established when the differential field over which the equation is defined has an algebraically closed field of constants. In this paper, we prove the existence of a real Picard-Vessiot extension for a homogeneous linear differential equation defined over a real differential field K with real closed field of constants. We give an adequate definition of the differential Galois group of a Picard-...

  6. Real analysis with economic applications

    CERN Document Server

    Ok, Efe A

    2011-01-01

    There are many mathematics textbooks on real analysis, but they focus on topics not readily helpful for studying economic theory or they are inaccessible to most graduate students of economics. Real Analysis with Economic Applications aims to fill this gap by providing an ideal textbook and reference on real analysis tailored specifically to the concerns of such students. The emphasis throughout is on topics directly relevant to economic theory. In addition to addressing the usual topics of real analysis, this book discusses the elements of order theory, convex analysis, optimizatio

  7. The real new economy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, Diana

    2003-10-01

    During the soar-and-swoon days of the late 1990s, many people believed that information technology, and the Internet in particular, were "changing everything" in business. A fundamental change did happen in the 1990s, but it was less about technology than about competition. Under director Diana Farrell, the McKinsey Global Institute has conducted an extensive study of productivity and its connection to corporate IT spending and use during that period. The study revealed that information technology is important--but not central--to the fate of industries and individual companies. So if information technology was not the primary factor in the productivity surge, what was? The study points to competition and innovation. In those industries that saw increases in competitive intensity, managers were forced to innovate aggressively to protect their revenues and profits. Those innovations--in products, business practices, and technology--led to the gains in productivity. In fact, a critical dynamic of the new economy--the real new economy--is the virtuous cycle of competition, innovation, and productivity growth. Managers can innovate in many ways, but during the 1990s, information technology was a particularly powerful tool, for three reasons: First, IT enabled the development of attractive new products and efficient new business processes. Second, it facilitated the rapid industrywide diffusion of innovations. And third, it exhibited strong scale economies--its benefits multiplied rapidly as its use expanded. This article reveals surprising data on how various industries in the United States and Europe were affected by competition, innovation, and information technology in the 1990s and offers insights about how managers can get more from their IT investments.

  8. The real new economy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, Diana

    2003-10-01

    During the soar-and-swoon days of the late 1990s, many people believed that information technology, and the Internet in particular, were "changing everything" in business. A fundamental change did happen in the 1990s, but it was less about technology than about competition. Under director Diana Farrell, the McKinsey Global Institute has conducted an extensive study of productivity and its connection to corporate IT spending and use during that period. The study revealed that information technology is important--but not central--to the fate of industries and individual companies. So if information technology was not the primary factor in the productivity surge, what was? The study points to competition and innovation. In those industries that saw increases in competitive intensity, managers were forced to innovate aggressively to protect their revenues and profits. Those innovations--in products, business practices, and technology--led to the gains in productivity. In fact, a critical dynamic of the new economy--the real new economy--is the virtuous cycle of competition, innovation, and productivity growth. Managers can innovate in many ways, but during the 1990s, information technology was a particularly powerful tool, for three reasons: First, IT enabled the development of attractive new products and efficient new business processes. Second, it facilitated the rapid industrywide diffusion of innovations. And third, it exhibited strong scale economies--its benefits multiplied rapidly as its use expanded. This article reveals surprising data on how various industries in the United States and Europe were affected by competition, innovation, and information technology in the 1990s and offers insights about how managers can get more from their IT investments. PMID:14521102

  9. Real-time volume graphics

    CERN Document Server

    Engel, Klaus; Kniss, Joe; Rezk-Salama, Christof; Weiskopf, Daniel

    2006-01-01

    Based on course notes of SIGGRAPH course teaching techniques for real-time rendering of volumetric data and effects; covers both applications in scientific visualization and real-time rendering. Starts with the basics (texture-based ray casting) and then improves and expands the algorithms incrementally. Book includes source code, algorithms, diagrams, and rendered graphics.

  10. Doing Real Estate Business Overseas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ When we saw the amount of foreign capital currently being invested in China's real estate market,we realized that much like its foreign counterparts,China has been very active overseas as well.With encouragement from the"walking out"strategy,more and more Vhinese investors have begun to focus on overseas real estate developments.

  11. A Real Shooting Star

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    [figure removed for brevity, see original site] Click on the image for movie of A Real Shooting Star This artist's animation illustrates a star flying through our galaxy at supersonic speeds, leaving a 13-light-year-long trail of glowing material in its wake. The star, named Mira (pronounced my-rah) after the latin word for 'wonderful,' sheds material that will be recycled into new stars, planets and possibly even life. NASA's Galaxy Evolution Explorer discovered the long trail of material behind Mira during its survey of the entire sky in ultraviolet light. The animation begins by showing a close-up of Mira -- a red-giant star near the end of its life. Red giants are red in color and extremely bloated; for example, if a red giant were to replace our sun, it would engulf everything out to the orbit of Mars. They constantly blow off gas and dust in the form of stellar winds, supplying the galaxy with molecules, such as oxygen and carbon, that will make their way into new solar systems. Our sun will mature into a red giant in about 5 billion years. As the animation pulls out, we can see the enormous trail of material deposited behind Mira as it hurls along between the stars. Like a boat traveling through water, a bow shock, or build up of gas, forms ahead of the star in the direction of its motion. Gas in the bow shock is heated and then mixes with the cool hydrogen gas in the wind that is blowing off Mira. This heated hydrogen gas then flows around behind the star, forming a turbulent wake. Why does the trailing hydrogen gas glow in ultraviolet light? When it is heated, it transitions into a higher-energy state, which then loses energy by emitting ultraviolet light - a process known as fluorescence. Finally, the artist's rendering gives way to the actual ultraviolet image taken by the Galaxy Evolution Explorer Mira is located 350 light-years from Earth in the constellation Cetus, otherwise known as the whale. Coincidentally, Mira and its 'whale of a tail' can be

  12. Real Orientations, Real Gromov-Witten Theory, and Real Enumerative Geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Georgieva, Penka

    2015-01-01

    The present note overviews our recent construction of real Gromov-Witten theory in arbitrary genera for many real symplectic manifolds, including the odd-dimensional projective spaces and the renowned quintic threefold, its properties, and its connections with real enumerative geometry. Our construction introduces the principle of orienting the determinant of a differential operator relative to a suitable base operator and a real setting analogue of the (relative) spin structure of open Gromov-Witten theory. Orienting the relative determinant, which in the now-standard cases is canonically equivalent to orienting the usual determinant, is naturally related to the topology of vector bundles in the relevant category. This principle and its applications allow us to endow the uncompactified moduli spaces of real maps from symmetric surfaces of all topological types with natural orientations and to verify that they extend across the codimension-one boundaries of these spaces, thus implementing a far-reaching propo...

  13. Analysing Uk Real Estate Market Forecast Disagreement

    OpenAIRE

    McAllister, Patrick; G. Newell; Matysiak, George

    2005-01-01

    Given the significance of forecasting in real estate investment decisions, this paper investigates forecast uncertainty and disagreement in real estate market forecasts. Using the Investment Property Forum (IPF) quarterly survey amongst UK independent real estate forecasters, these real estate forecasts are compared with actual real estate performance to assess a number of real estate forecasting issues in the UK over 1999-2004, including real estate forecast error, bias and consensus. The r...

  14. An Industry Profile of Corporate Real Estate

    OpenAIRE

    Linda L. Johnson; Terry Keasler; Stellan Lundstrom

    1993-01-01

    Corporate real estate is increasingly becoming an area of emphasis for real estate professionals and academics, particularly in asset management. Using balance sheet data on real estate corporate holdings, total assets, and firm marketing values from 1984-1991, this article provides an analysis of real estate holdings both by industry sector and asset subtype. Industry rank order by gross value of total real estate holdings and asset subtype, real estate as a percent of assets, and real estat...

  15. Monomer Fraction in Real Gases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boris Sedunov

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available This work is aimed to attract attention to monomer fraction density (MFD, the variable that has not yet taken its place in the theory of real gases. The work shows that this variable can be calculated for monocomponent real gases from experimental isothermal dependences of their density on pressure and can be used for calculations of Gibbs energy, entropy and clusters equilibrium constants in real gases. The MFD-based joint series expansions method for density and pressure is suggested as an alternative to virial expansions. This method corresponds to the chemical equilibrium theory and provides new non-obvious results.

  16. Adjusted Period for Real Estate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ The Chinese real estate market has seen sustained prosperity for the last 10 years, but the climbing price of housing has made everyone begin to question whether this industry is overheated or if there is a bubble ready to burst.

  17. Patent Valuation and Real Options

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deger Alper

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available As the knowledge economics grows rapidly, businesses increasingly invest intellectual property and the value of intellectual property; patent, trademark, copyright etc., more emphasized in business nowadays. Thus, the valuation of intellectual property, specifically patents, has been one of the most difficult investment problems both for practitioners and academics. Traditional valuation methods fail to account for the unique characteristics of patents; uncertainty and management flexibility. Patents are option-like assets that give the owner a bundle of options; to commercialize the products, to file foreign application, to license the innovation etc. Real options represent the application of options methodology to strategic business decisions, and real option method provides a richer framework to analyse the issues that confront the valuation of patent. This paper uses real option model as a framework to correctly evaluate patent and contains real option model application to patent valuation.

  18. SATDA Real Estate Division Launches

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rob Emerick

    2008-01-01

    <正>Hello Readers, I am happy to announce the new real estate section for this magazine,called"America is For Sale".This section will focus on current and important issues regarding the real estate industry within the United States of America.There has been a great deal of interest in the American real estate market from Chinese investors lately.The weak US dollar and strong Chinese renminbi alone make the US market attractive to Chinese investors.Now,with the US in the bottom of a real estate cycle,property is amazingly inexpensive.Many foreign investors are buying as much as they can because the investors understand this is the best time to buy:at the bottom of a cycle.

  19. Strange functions in real analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Kharazishvili, AB

    2005-01-01

    Weierstrass and Blancmange nowhere differentiable functions, Lebesgue integrable functions with everywhere divergent Fourier series, and various nonintegrable Lebesgue measurable functions. While dubbed strange or "pathological," these functions are ubiquitous throughout mathematics and play an important role in analysis, not only as counterexamples of seemingly true and natural statements, but also to stimulate and inspire the further development of real analysis.Strange Functions in Real Analysis explores a number of important examples and constructions of pathological functions. After introducing the basic concepts, the author begins with Cantor and Peano-type functions, then moves to functions whose constructions require essentially noneffective methods. These include functions without the Baire property, functions associated with a Hamel basis of the real line, and Sierpinski-Zygmund functions that are discontinuous on each subset of the real line having the cardinality continuum. Finally, he considers e...

  20. Quantifying randomness in real networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orsini, Chiara; Dankulov, Marija M; Colomer-de-Simón, Pol; Jamakovic, Almerima; Mahadevan, Priya; Vahdat, Amin; Bassler, Kevin E; Toroczkai, Zoltán; Boguñá, Marián; Caldarelli, Guido; Fortunato, Santo; Krioukov, Dmitri

    2015-10-20

    Represented as graphs, real networks are intricate combinations of order and disorder. Fixing some of the structural properties of network models to their values observed in real networks, many other properties appear as statistical consequences of these fixed observables, plus randomness in other respects. Here we employ the dk-series, a complete set of basic characteristics of the network structure, to study the statistical dependencies between different network properties. We consider six real networks--the Internet, US airport network, human protein interactions, technosocial web of trust, English word network, and an fMRI map of the human brain--and find that many important local and global structural properties of these networks are closely reproduced by dk-random graphs whose degree distributions, degree correlations and clustering are as in the corresponding real network. We discuss important conceptual, methodological, and practical implications of this evaluation of network randomness, and release software to generate dk-random graphs.

  1. Real Estate 20:20

    OpenAIRE

    Ratcliffe, John

    1997-01-01

    This paper seeks to establish a framework for studying real estate futures. In doing so, it explores the general climate of change within which property decisions will have to be made, and examines the specific real estate opportunities that might emerge as a result of that change. For the purpose of appraisal, the forces of change are grouped into six sectors - cultural, demographic, economic, environmental, governmental and technological. Property perspectives are then portrayed for each of...

  2. Periods and elementary real numbers

    OpenAIRE

    Yoshinaga, Masahiko

    2008-01-01

    The periods, introduced by Kontsevich and Zagier, form a class of complex numbers which contains all algebraic numbers and several transcendental quantities. Little has been known about qualitative properties of periods. In this paper, we compare the periods with hierarchy of real numbers induced from computational complexities. In particular we prove that periods can be effectively approximated by elementary rational Cauchy sequences. As an application, we exhibit a computable real number wh...

  3. Real-time vision systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, R.; Hernandez, J.E.; Lu, Shin-yee [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1994-11-15

    Many industrial and defence applications require an ability to make instantaneous decisions based on sensor input of a time varying process. Such systems are referred to as `real-time systems` because they process and act on data as it occurs in time. When a vision sensor is used in a real-time system, the processing demands can be quite substantial, with typical data rates of 10-20 million samples per second. A real-time Machine Vision Laboratory (MVL) was established in FY94 to extend our years of experience in developing computer vision algorithms to include the development and implementation of real-time vision systems. The laboratory is equipped with a variety of hardware components, including Datacube image acquisition and processing boards, a Sun workstation, and several different types of CCD cameras, including monochrome and color area cameras and analog and digital line-scan cameras. The equipment is reconfigurable for prototyping different applications. This facility has been used to support several programs at LLNL, including O Division`s Peacemaker and Deadeye Projects as well as the CRADA with the U.S. Textile Industry, CAFE (Computer Aided Fabric Inspection). To date, we have successfully demonstrated several real-time applications: bullet tracking, stereo tracking and ranging, and web inspection. This work has been documented in the ongoing development of a real-time software library.

  4. Some properties of fuzzy real numbers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bayaz Daraby

    2016-02-01

    In this study, we try to prove  Bernoulli's inequality in fuzzy real numbers with some of its applications. Also, we prove two other theorems in fuzzy real numbers which are proved before, for real numbers.

  5. A real-world way to manage real options.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Copeland, Tom; Tufano, Peter

    2004-03-01

    Each corporate growth project is an option, in the sense that managers face choices--push ahead or pull back--along the way. Yet many companies hesitate to apply options theory to initiatives such as R&D and geographic expansion, partly because these "real" options are highly complex. In this article, the authors make the case that the complexity of real options can be eased through the use of a binomial valuation model. Many of the problems with real-options analysis stem from the use of the Black-Scholes-Merton model, which isn't suited to real options. Binomial models, by contrast, are simpler mathematically, and you can tinker with a binomial model until it closely reflects the project you wish to value. Suppose your company is considering investing in a new plant. To use the binomial model, you must create an "event tree" to figure out the full range of possible values for the plant during the project's lifetime--next year, at the end of the design phase, upon completion. Then you work backward from the value at completion, factoring in the various investments, to determine the value of the project today. These calculations provide you with numbers for all the possible future values of the option at the various points where a decision needs to be made on whether to continue with the project. The authors also address another criticism of real options: that gaps often arise between theoretical and realized values of options of all types. Such gaps may be largely the result of managers exercising options at the wrong time. To improve the way it manages its real options, a company can look out for the decision trigger points that correspond to the nodes on a binomial decision tree. The trigger points should not only tell managers when they need to decide on exercise but also specify rules governing the exercise decisions. PMID:15029793

  6. Percolation in real interdependent networks

    CERN Document Server

    Radicchi, Filippo

    2015-01-01

    The function of a real network depends not only on the reliability of its own components, but is affected also by the simultaneous operation of other real networks coupled with it. Robustness of systems composed of interdependent network layers has been extensively studied in recent years. However, the theoretical frameworks developed so far apply only to special models in the limit of infinite sizes. These methods are therefore of little help in practical contexts, given that real interconnected networks have finite size and their structures are generally not compatible with those of graph toy models. Here, we introduce a theoretical method that takes as inputs the adjacency matrices of the layers to draw the entire phase diagram for the interconnected network, without the need of actually simulating any percolation process. We demonstrate that percolation transitions in arbitrary interdependent networks can be understood by decomposing these system into uncoupled graphs: the intersection among the layers, a...

  7. Establishment Reality vs. Maintenance Reality: How Real Is Real Enough?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindsay, E. D.; Murray, S.; Liu, D. K.; Lowe, D. B.; Bright, C. G.

    2009-01-01

    Remote and virtual laboratories are increasingly prevalent alternatives to the face-to-face laboratory experience; however, the question of their learning outcomes is yet to be fully investigated. There are many presumptions regarding the effectiveness of these approaches; foremost amongst these assumptions is that the experience must be "real" to…

  8. Elementary real and complex analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Shilov, Georgi E

    1996-01-01

    In this book the renowned Russian mathematician Georgi E. Shilov brings his unique perspective to real and complex analysis, an area of perennial interest in mathematics. Although there are many books available on the topic, the present work is specially designed for undergraduates in mathematics, science and engineering. A high level of mathematical sophistication is not required.The book begins with a systematic study of real numbers, understood to be a set of objects satisfying certain definite axioms. The concepts of a mathematical structure and an isomorphism are introduced in Chapter 2,

  9. Foley Sounds vs Real Sounds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trento, Stefano; Götzen, Amalia De

    2011-01-01

    This paper is an initial attempt to study the world of sound effects for motion pictures, also known as Foley sounds. Throughout several audio and audio-video tests we have compared both Foley and real sounds originated by an identical action. The main purpose was to evaluate if sound effects...... are always better than real sounds [1]. Once this aspect is cleared up, the next step will be to understand how Foley effects exaggerate important acoustic features. These are the basis for being able to create a database of expressive sounds, such as audio caricatures, that will be used in different...

  10. Real Analysis A Historical Approach

    CERN Document Server

    Stahl, Saul

    2011-01-01

    A provocative look at the tools and history of real analysis This new edition of Real Analysis: A Historical Approach continues to serve as an interesting read for students of analysis. Combining historical coverage with a superb introductory treatment, this book helps readers easily make the transition from concrete to abstract ideas. The book begins with an exciting sampling of classic and famous problems first posed by some of the greatest mathematicians of all time. Archimedes, Fermat, Newton, and Euler are each summoned in turn, illuminating the utility of infinite, power, and trigonome

  11. Complex analogues of real problems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Esdahl-Schou, Rune

    This thesis will be a mix of different problems in number theory. As such it is split into two natural parts. The rst part focuses on normal numbers and construction of numbers that are normal to a given complex base. It is written in the style of a thorough and introductory paper on that subject...... and Velani, and inspired by this An gave a different proof which provides a stronger result. The conjecture is concerned with intersections of certain sets in the plane and are as such a real problem. We will consider a slightly different setup where the real plane is replaced by the complex plane. Using...

  12. Real time automatic scene classification

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Israël, Menno; Broek, van den Egon L.; Putten, van der Peter; Uyl, den Marten J.; Verbrugge, R.; Taatgen, N.; Schomaker, L.

    2004-01-01

    This work has been done as part of the EU VICAR (IST) project and the EU SCOFI project (IAP). The aim of the first project was to develop a real time video indexing classification annotation and retrieval system. For our systems, we have adapted the approach of Picard and Minka [3], who categorized

  13. Computer Screen or Real Life?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Suurmets, Seidi; Clement, Jesper

    Aims: In many disciplines, including consumer and marketing research, the findings from eyetracking studies in lab settings are often generalized to natural environments. While studies in the real world have become more common with a statement on increased external validity, the degree to which t...

  14. Real-time software correlation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    N.G.H. Kruithof; D.C.P.M. Marchal

    2008-01-01

    In this chapter we present the progress of the SCARIe project, where we investigate the capabilities of a next generation grid-based software correlator for VLBI. We will mostly focus on the current design of our software correlator and on the challenges of running real-time scientific experiments o

  15. Lagoa Real design - Mineral engineering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents the works realized, in course and to realize of Lagoa Real Design, including the works for implantation of Mineral-Industrial complex with the production capacity of 1.000 ton of U sub(3) O sub(8) per year from 1988. (author)

  16. Designing Real Time Assistive Technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sonne, Tobias; Obel, Carsten; Grønbæk, Kaj

    2015-01-01

    activities and assists the child in maintaining attention. From a preliminary evaluation of CASTT with 20 children in several schools, we and found that: 1) it is possible to create a wearable sensor system for children with ADHD that monitors physical and physiological activities in real time; and that 2...

  17. Designing Real Time Assistive Technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sonne, Tobias; Obel, Carsten; Grønbæk, Kaj

    activities and assists the child in maintaining attention. From a preliminary evaluation of CASTT with 20 children in several schools, we and found that: 1) it is possible to create a wearable sensor system for children with ADHD that monitors physical and physiological activities in real time; and that 2...

  18. The Real E-books.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ditlea, Steve

    2000-01-01

    Focuses on the "real" e-books. Discusses Stephen King's novella released exclusively for electronic publication, and discusses experiences of another author writing on a specialized subject. Presents a brief background of e-books. Examines the differences between Portable Document Format (PDF) technology and the new Open eBook (OEB) standard.…

  19. Was Adam a Real Person?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamoureux, Denis O.

    2011-01-01

    Belief in the historicity of Adam has been held firmly throughout the history of the church. In the light of modern biblical criticism and the evolutionary sciences, some conservative Christians are now questioning whether or not Adam was a real person. This paper argues that the existence of Adam in the opening chapters of scripture reflects an…

  20. Shopping in the Real World

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Black, Darren; Clemmensen, Nils Jakob; Skov, Mikael B.

    2009-01-01

    Shopping in the real world is becoming an increasingly interactive experience as stores integrate various technologies to support shoppers. Based on an empirical study of supermarket shoppers, we designed a mobile context-aware system called the Context- Aware Shopping Trolley (CAST). The aim of ...

  1. ISTTOK real-time architecture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carvalho, Ivo S., E-mail: ivoc@ipfn.ist.utl.pt; Duarte, Paulo; Fernandes, Horácio; Valcárcel, Daniel F.; Carvalho, Pedro J.; Silva, Carlos; Duarte, André S.; Neto, André; Sousa, Jorge; Batista, António J.N.; Hekkert, Tiago; Carvalho, Bernardo B.

    2014-03-15

    Highlights: • All real-time diagnostics and actuators were integrated in the same control platform. • A 100 μs control cycle was achieved under the MARTe framework. • Time-windows based control with several event-driven control strategies implemented. • AC discharges with exception handling on iron core flux saturation. • An HTML discharge configuration was developed for configuring the MARTe system. - Abstract: The ISTTOK tokamak was upgraded with a plasma control system based on the Advanced Telecommunications Computing Architecture (ATCA) standard. This control system was designed to improve the discharge stability and to extend the operational space to the alternate plasma current (AC) discharges as part of the ISTTOK scientific program. In order to accomplish these objectives all ISTTOK diagnostics and actuators relevant for real-time operation were integrated in the control system. The control system was programmed in C++ over the Multi-threaded Application Real-Time executor (MARTe) which provides, among other features, a real-time scheduler, an interrupt handler, an intercommunications interface between code blocks and a clearly bounded interface with the external devices. As a complement to the MARTe framework, the BaseLib2 library provides the foundations for the data, code introspection and also a Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) server service. Taking advantage of the modular nature of MARTe, the algorithms of each diagnostic data processing, discharge timing, context switch, control and actuators output reference generation, run on well-defined blocks of code named Generic Application Module (GAM). This approach allows reusability of the code, simplified simulation, replacement or editing without changing the remaining GAMs. The ISTTOK control system GAMs run sequentially each 100 μs cycle on an Intel{sup ®} Q8200 4-core processor running at 2.33 GHz located in the ATCA crate. Two boards (inside the ATCA crate) with 32 analog

  2. Some properties of fuzzy real numbers

    OpenAIRE

    Bayaz Daraby; Javad Jafari

    2016-01-01

    In the mathematical analysis, there are some theorems and definitions that established for both real and fuzzy numbers. In this study, we try to prove  Bernoulli's inequality in fuzzy real numbers with some of its applications. Also, we prove two other theorems in fuzzy real numbers which are proved before, for real numbers.

  3. Percolation in real multiplex networks

    CERN Document Server

    Bianconi, Ginestra

    2016-01-01

    We present an exact mathematical framework able to describe site-percolation transitions in real multiplex networks. Specifically, we consider the average percolation diagram valid over an infinite number of random configurations where nodes are present in the system with given probability. The approach relies on the locally treelike ansatz, so that it is expected to accurately reproduce the true percolation diagram of sparse multiplex networks with negligible number of short loops. The performance of our theory is tested in social, biological, and transportation multiplex graphs. When compared against previously introduced methods, we observe improvements in the prediction of the percolation diagrams in all networks analyzed. Results from our method confirm previous claims about the robustness of real multiplex networks, in the sense that the average connectedness of the system does not exhibit any significant abrupt change as its individual components are randomly destroyed.

  4. Manufacturing real wages in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonia López V

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we analyse the recent evolution and determinants of real wages in Mexico’s manufacturing sector, using theories based on the assumption of imperfect competition both in the product and in the labour markets, especially wage-bargain theory, insider-outsider and mark-up models. We show evidence that the Mexican labour market does not behave as a traditional competitive market. The proposed explanation for this fact is that some workers benefit from advantages when compared with others, so that they can get a greater share of the proceedings of the productive process. Also, we find that changes in the degree of competition in the market for output influence the behaviour of real wages.

  5. Observability transition in real networks

    CERN Document Server

    Yang, Yang

    2016-01-01

    We consider the observability model in networks with arbitrary topologies. We introduce a system of coupled nonlinear equations, valid under the locally tree-like ansatz, to describe the size of the largest observable cluster as a function of the fraction of directly observable nodes present in the network. We perform a systematic analysis on 95 real-world graphs and compare our theoretical predictions with numerical simulations of the observability model. Our method provides almost perfect predictions in the majority of the cases, even for networks with very large values of the clustering coefficient. Potential applications of our theory include the development of efficient and scalable algorithms for real-time surveillance of social networks, and monitoring of technological networks.

  6. Observability transition in real networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yang; Radicchi, Filippo

    2016-09-01

    We consider the observability model in networks with arbitrary topologies. We introduce a system of coupled nonlinear equations, valid under the locally treelike ansatz, to describe the size of the largest observable cluster as a function of the fraction of directly observable nodes present in the network. We perform a systematic analysis on 95 real-world graphs and compare our theoretical predictions with numerical simulations of the observability model. Our method provides almost perfect predictions in the majority of the cases, even for networks with very large values of the clustering coefficient. Potential applications of our theory include the development of efficient and scalable algorithms for real-time surveillance of social networks, and monitoring of technological networks.

  7. Real Time Network Traffic Monitoring

    OpenAIRE

    Tripp, Gerald

    1999-01-01

    This paper looks at the problems of real time network traffic monitoring. Some of the existing approaches are reviewed, looking at both simple filtering systems and also systems based on the use of finite state machines that can report specific events or capture data only when in particular states. Finally, some existing implementation techniques are examined and an outline proposal made for the design of a network monitoring system that uses finite state machines implemented using associativ...

  8. Reverberation Radius in Real Rooms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Mijić

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available A reverberation radius, also called a critical distance, is an important parameter in sound reproduction. Statistical approach gives a simple formula for its calculation, and some simple methods for its measurement were described in literature. To measure the critical distance in real rooms, a more accurate method is proposed. This paper is concerned with that method. Accuracy of the method was analysed and the results of critical distance measurement in several rooms of different sizes and acoustical characteristics are presented.

  9. The Real Causes of Inflation

    OpenAIRE

    Ernest Hamsag

    2015-01-01

    Having defined what inflation is, this study proposes some hypothesizes to eliminate external and psychological factors; it also examines a closed economy. It shows that the deep cause of inflation is the out of balance relation between consumption expenditure and saving. If consumption expenditure increases more than saving, the result is an inflation of the real economy. If saving increase to the prejudice of consumption expenditure, the financial markets are undergoing inflation. The main ...

  10. [Real time 3D echocardiography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauer, F.; Shiota, T.; Thomas, J. D.

    2001-01-01

    Three-dimensional representation of the heart is an old concern. Usually, 3D reconstruction of the cardiac mass is made by successive acquisition of 2D sections, the spatial localisation and orientation of which require complex guiding systems. More recently, the concept of volumetric acquisition has been introduced. A matricial emitter-receiver probe complex with parallel data processing provides instantaneous of a pyramidal 64 degrees x 64 degrees volume. The image is restituted in real time and is composed of 3 planes (planes B and C) which can be displaced in all spatial directions at any time during acquisition. The flexibility of this system of acquisition allows volume and mass measurement with greater accuracy and reproducibility, limiting inter-observer variability. Free navigation of the planes of investigation allows reconstruction for qualitative and quantitative analysis of valvular heart disease and other pathologies. Although real time 3D echocardiography is ready for clinical usage, some improvements are still necessary to improve its conviviality. Then real time 3D echocardiography could be the essential tool for understanding, diagnosis and management of patients.

  11. Sistemas de tiempo real y sistemas distribuidos de tiempo real

    OpenAIRE

    Pesado, Patricia; Ramón, Hugo Dionisio; Boracchia, Marcos; Pasini, Ariel C.; De Vito, María Cecilia; Osella Massa, Germán Leandro; Estrebou, César

    2006-01-01

    El proyecto de investigación y desarrollo en Sistemas de Software Distribuido, abarca aspectos que van desde los fundamentos del desarrollo (Técnicas de Ingeniería de Requerimientos, Metodologías de Gestión y Desarrollo de Proyectos, Técnicas de Planificación, Métricas, Normas de Calidad, Web-Systems) hasta la concepción de aplicaciones específicas orientadas a los procesos industriales (Sistemas de Planeamiento de Producción, Control Industrial en tiempo real), procesos de E-government (Voto...

  12. Is Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity Real?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... gov/news/fullstory_160153.html Is Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity Real? Study finds distinctly different biological changes ... 29, 2016 FRIDAY, July 29, 2016, (HealthDay News) -- Gluten sensitivity appears to be a real medical problem, ...

  13. Ultimatum salary bargaining with real effort

    OpenAIRE

    García-Gallego, Aurora; Georgantzis, Nikos; Jaramillo-Gutiérrez, Ainhoa

    2008-01-01

    We report experimental results on ultimatum salary bargaining with a real task performed by employee subjects. Compared to the baseline treatment with a hypothetical task, the introduction of a real task raises offers, accepted wages and rejection rates.

  14. Definability in the Real Universe

    OpenAIRE

    Cooper, S. Barry

    2011-01-01

    Logic has its origins in basic questions about the nature of the real world and how we describe it. This article seeks to bring out the physical and epistemological relevance of some of the more recent technical work in logic and computability theory. "If you are receptive and humble, mathematics will lead you by the hand. Again and again, when I have been at a loss how to proceed, I have just had to wait until I have felt the mathematics lead me by the hand. It has led me along an unexpected...

  15. Toil and Real Estate Trouble

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LAN XINZHEN

    2010-01-01

    @@ Nearly two years after the financial crisis,the Chinese economy is faring well-maybe too well.A recent Ministry of Land and Resources (MLR) report stated a dangerous bubble is expanding in the property market,raising concerns among policymakers. The price surges came as a surprisewhile the financial crisis plunged the world into a deep recession,sending a chill through the once-booming Chinese economy,the real estate market staged a defiant comeback.According to data from the China Land Surveying and Planning Institute,the country's average residence price ,soared 25 percent in 2009 from the previous year,a record rate since 2001.

  16. How Real Are Future Events?

    OpenAIRE

    Perry, John

    2006-01-01

    My main aim in this talk is to discuss McTaggart’s argument for the unreality of time. I will ?nd a ?aw in his argument, but ?nding the ?aw will lead us to the conclusion that although time is real, future events are not. I will begin, however, not with McTaggart, but with a version of an ancient argument for fatalism. By fatalism I do not mean the doctrine that we are fated, like Oedipus, to do something terrible at some point in the future, no matter what choices we make now, and no matter ...

  17. Sistemas distribuidos de tiempo real

    OpenAIRE

    Ramón, Hugo Dionisio; Romero, Fernando; Pesado, Patricia Mabel; Bertone, Rodolfo Alfredo; Boracchia, Marcos; Thomas, Pablo Javier; Esponda, Silvia

    2004-01-01

    El objetivo de esta línea de investigación es el estudio y desarrollo de sistemas de software que poseen restricciones temporales. Resulta de interés el estudio de diferentes metodologías para la especificación y desarrollo de aplicaciones en tiempo real, así como las plataformas donde dichas aplicaciones pueden ejecutarse. Se trabaja experimentalmente con distintos tipos de hardware y software entre los que pueden mencionarse placas A/D, mini-robots, máquinas multimicroprocesadores y dife...

  18. Sistemas distribuidos de tiempo real

    OpenAIRE

    Ramón, Hugo Dionisio; Romero, Fernando; González, Alejandro Héctor; Novarini, Pablo; Estrebou, César Armando

    2005-01-01

    El objetivo de esta línea de investigación es el estudio y desarrollo de sistemas de software que poseen restricciones temporales. Resulta de interés el estudio de diferentes metodologías para la especificación y desarrollo de aplicaciones en tiempo real, así como las plataformas donde dichas aplicaciones pueden ejecutarse. Se trabaja experimentalmente con distintos tipos de hardware y software entre los que pueden mencionarse placas A/D, mini-robots, plataformas de hardware (PC, PIC, etc....

  19. Multidimensional real analysis I differentiation

    CERN Document Server

    Duistermaat, J J; van Braam Houckgeest, J P

    2004-01-01

    Part one of the authors' comprehensive and innovative work on multidimensional real analysis. This book is based on extensive teaching experience at Utrecht University and gives a thorough account of differential analysis in multidimensional Euclidean space. It is an ideal preparation for students who wish to go on to more advanced study. The notation is carefully organized and all proofs are clean, complete and rigorous. The authors have taken care to pay proper attention to all aspects of the theory. In many respects this book presents an original treatment of the subject and it contains man

  20. Commodity Currencies and the Real Exchange Rate

    OpenAIRE

    Paul Cashin; Luis Felipe Céspedes;; Ratna Sahay

    2003-01-01

    This paper examines whether the real exchange rates of commodity-exporting countries and the real prices of their commodity exports move together over time. Using IMF data on the world prices of 44 commodities and national commodity export shares, we construct new monthly indices of national commodity export prices for 58 commodity-exporting countries over 1980-2002. Evidence of a longrun relationship between national real exchange rate and real commodity prices is found for about onethird of...

  1. The real estate industry in the Netherlands

    OpenAIRE

    Engelberts, Reinout; Suarez, Jose L.

    2004-01-01

    The real estate industry in the Netherlands is one of the most sophisticated in Europe. In fact, some Dutch real estate companies are among the most active in the international arena, and are major players in the ongoing integration in European markets. The paper describes the sectors of the real estate industry, i.e. residential and commercial (offices, retail and industrial), social housing policies, and the characteristics of the major companies. Individualized descriptions of listed real ...

  2. Formal and real authority in organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Aghion, Philippe; Tirole, Jean

    1997-01-01

    This paper develops a theory of the allocation of formal authority (the right to decide) and real authority (the effective control over decisions) within organizations, and it illustrates how a formally integrated structure can accommodate various degrees of "real" integration. Real authority is determined by the structure of information, which in turn depends on the allocation of formal authority. An increase in an agent's real authority promotes initiative but results in a loss of control f...

  3. Grupo escolar en Irurzun - Navarra - España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guibert Tabar, J.

    1978-10-01

    Full Text Available The formal characteristics of this school complex are determined by the large roofs and the angled shape of the floorplans. The first is as a consequence of the interest in achieving a unity of concept and volume, at the same time maintaining the architectural tradition of the area. Insofar as the angular shape, this is the response to the idea of obtaining ideal conditions of light in each of the classrooms. The building consists of three upper levels, ground floor and semi-basement. In the last of these are found: the gymnasium, the dressing rooms for students and the technical premises serving the school. The ground floor, where the main access is found, includes a small administrative area, the dining room and kitchen, one classroom for girls, three for pre-school children, four for boys and one multifunctional room. The rest of the floors, with the same arrangement, house eight classrooms for girls and five for boys, along with a series of auxiliary premises, such as teachers' rooms, libraries, classrooms for various uses, archives, rooms for crafts, etc. . The construction is completed with an ample sports area and recreation zone.

    Las características formales de este grupo escolar —proyectado en 1969— vienen determinadas por las grandes cubiertas y la forma dentada de las plantas. La primera de ellas es consecuencia del interés por lograr una unidad de concepto y de volumen, manteniendo, al mismo tiempo, la tradición arquitectónica de la zona. En cuanto a la forma dentada, es la respuesta a la idea de obtener unas óptimas condiciones de iluminación en cada una de las aulas. El edificio se compone de tres niveles superiores, planta baja y semisótano. En este último se hallan: el gimnasio, los vestuarios de alumnos y los locales técnicos que sirven a la escuela. La planta baja, en la que se encuentra el acceso principal, comprende una pequeña zona administrativa, el comedor con su cocina, una clase de niñas, tres de párvulos, cuatro de niños y una multifuncional. El resto de las plantas albergan, con el mismo esquema organizativo, ocho aulas de niñas y cinco de niños, junto a una serie de locales auxiliares tales como salas de profesores, bibliotecas, clases de usos varios, archivos, aulas de trabajos manuales, etc. La construcción se completa con una amplia zona deportiva y de recreo.

  4. Hostal Aritzaiko Navarra – España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guibert Tabar, J.

    1977-11-01

    Full Text Available The building, constructed on approximately 790 square meters, is devoted to a dining room and lodging for visitors in transit and is situated in Echarri-Aranaz, next to the highway, on a clearing in the woods, It possesses an extensive ground floor and two upper levéis covering smaller areas which rise, as a side body, over one of the building's sides. The overall structure houses a bar, dining room, kitchen, management office and a total of eight double rooms and two single rooms. An important double-pitch roof, which covers the two upper floors, together with another with several pitches which with its different planes conforms to the irregular perimeter of the structure on the ground floor, give the building the distinctive characteristics of the architecture typical of the region, in this way adaptedEl edificio, de aproximadamente 790 m2 construidos, se destina a comedor y hospedaje para personas en tránsito, estando emplazado en Echarri - Aranaz, junto a la carretera, en el calvero de un bosque. Cuenta con una extensa planta baja y dos niveles superiores, de superficie más reducida, que se elevan, a modo de cuerpo lateral, sobre uno de los costados del edificio. El conjunto de la edificación distribuye los servicios de bar, comedor, cocina, administración, y un total de 8 dormitorios dobles y 2 sencillos. Una importante cubierta a dos aguas, que abarca a las dos plantas más altas, junto a otra de varias aguas, que con sus distintos planos se ajusta al perímetro irregular de la construcción en planta baja, imprimen al edificio las características propias de la arquitectura popular de la reglón, que se ve así homologada en un planteamiento arquitectónico moderno.

  5. Actividad antioxidante de plantas empleadas en la medicina tradicional Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Lopez, V.; Akerreta, S. (Silvia); Cavero, R. Y.; Calvo, M.I.

    2007-01-01

    Numerosos estudios han puesto de manifiesto últimamente la relación existente entre el estrés oxidativo, el envejecimiento celular y algunas enfermedades. El estilo de vida actual está favoreciendo la acumulación de radicales libres y especies reactivas del oxígeno en nuestro organismo y como consecuencia de ello un aumento del estrés oxidativo a nivel fisiológico. Por esto es recomendable el aporte de antioxidantes de carácter exógeno. Debido al interés que están adquiriendo este grupo de co...

  6. Real Option Applications to Information Security

    OpenAIRE

    Pythagoras PETRATOS

    2008-01-01

    Real options present advantages over the standard discounting methods. In this paper we analyze them briefly and examine their potential applications on information security. The applications of real options on valuation of information assets, information security investment and capital budgeting provide considerable benefits. Finally portfolios of real options and other financial products can reduce information security risk.

  7. 15 CFR 806.8 - Real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate. 806.8 Section 806.8 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) BUREAU OF ECONOMIC ANALYSIS, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE DIRECT INVESTMENT SURVEYS § 806.8 Real estate. Residential real estate held exclusively for personal use and...

  8. Real Algebraic Tools in Stochastic Games

    OpenAIRE

    Abraham Neyman

    2001-01-01

    The present chapter brings together parts of the theory of polynomial equalities and inequalities used in the theory of stochastic games. The theory can be considered as a theory of polynomial equalities and inequalities over the field of real numbers or the field of real algebraic numbers or more generally over an arbitrary real closed field.

  9. Real Estate Taxes in Albania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Koprencka

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The construction sector is one of the mainsectors of the Albanian economy, which,during the last 20 years, has experiencedthe greatest economic growth. In 1991 thissector has contributed by 2.5% to the GDP,in 2006 by 4.9%, while in 2008, this sectorhas contributed by 14.9% to the national GDP. The relevant legislation has played animportant role in the development of this sector. The applied laws have tried to maintainat low levels the real estate prices and totransform such a problematic sector, withreference to fiscal evasion and informality,into an easily controllable sector. The taxesapplied in the construction sector are the sameas in other economic sectors, although thetaxation management in the construction sector, except forthose common principles thatregulate the tax management in general, isbased on some specificrules related to thecharacteristics of this sector. Increase the level of taxation on the transfer of ownership tothe extent of 10%, paralyzed the housing market by reducing the number of sales,especially of real estate old, previously this was 0.3-5%of sales value.JEL Classification: H21

  10. Real time analysis under EDS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schneberk, D.

    1985-07-01

    This paper describes the analysis component of the Enrichment Diagnostic System (EDS) developed for the Atomic Vapor Laser Isotope Separation Program (AVLIS) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Four different types of analysis are performed on data acquired through EDS: (1) absorption spectroscopy on laser-generated spectral lines, (2) mass spectrometer analysis, (3) general purpose waveform analysis, and (4) separation performance calculations. The information produced from this data includes: measures of particle density and velocity, partial pressures of residual gases, and overall measures of isotope enrichment. The analysis component supports a variety of real-time modeling tasks, a means for broadcasting data to other nodes, and a great degree of flexibility for tailoring computations to the exact needs of the process. A particular data base structure and program flow is common to all types of analysis. Key elements of the analysis component are: (1) a fast access data base which can configure all types of analysis, (2) a selected set of analysis routines, (3) a general purpose data manipulation and graphics package for the results of real time analysis. Each of these components are described with an emphasis upon how each contributes to overall system capability. 3 figs.

  11. A real time monitoring system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A real time monitoring system is described. It was initially developed to be used as a man-machine interface between a basic principles simulator of the Embalse Nuclear Power Plant and the operators. This simulator is under construction at the Bariloche Atomic Center's Process Control Division. Due to great design flexibility, this system can also be used in real plants. The system is designed to be run on a PC XT or AT personal computer with high resolution graphics capabilities. Three interrelated programs compose the system: 1) Graphics Editor, to build static image to be used as a reference frame where to show dynamically updated data. 2) Data acquisition and storage module. It is a memory resident module to acquire and store data in background. Data can be acquired and stored without interference with the operating system, via serial port or through analog-to-digital converter attached to the personal computer. 3) Display module. It shows the acquired data according to commands received from configuration files prepared by the operator. (Author)

  12. Real Estate Taxes in Albania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Koprencka

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The construction sector is one of the mainsectors of the Albanian economy, which,during the last 20 years, has experiencedthe greatest economic growth. In 1991 thissector has contributed by 2.5% to the GDP,in 2006 by 4.9%, while in 2008, this sectorhas contributed by 14.9% to the national GDP. The relevant legislation has played animportant role in the development of this sector. The applied laws have tried to maintainat low levels the real estate prices and totransform such a problematic sector, withreference to fiscal evasion and informality,into an easily controllable sector. The taxesapplied in the construction sector are the sameas in other economic sectors, although thetaxation management in the construction sector, except forthose common principles thatregulate the tax management in general, isbased on some specificrules related to thecharacteristics of this sector. Increase the level of taxation on the transfer of ownership tothe extent of 10%, paralyzed the housing market by reducing the number of sales,especially of real estate old, previously this was 0.3-5%of sales value.

  13. Real Time Pricing and the Real Live Firm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moezzi, Mithra; Goldman, Charles; Sezgen, Osman; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Hopper, Nicole

    2004-05-26

    Energy economists have long argued the benefits of real time pricing (RTP) of electricity. Their basis for modeling customers response to short-term fluctuations in electricity prices are based on theories of rational firm behavior, where management strives to minimize operating costs and optimize profit, and labor, capital and energy are potential substitutes in the firm's production function. How well do private firms and public sector institutions operating conditions, knowledge structures, decision-making practices, and external relationships comport with these assumptions and how might this impact price response? We discuss these issues on the basis of interviews with 29 large (over 2 MW) industrial, commercial, and institutional customers in the Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation service territory that have faced day-ahead electricity market prices since 1998. We look at stories interviewees told about why and how they respond to RTP, why some customers report that they can't, and why even if they can, they don't. Some firms respond as theorized, and we describe their load curtailment strategies. About half of our interviewees reported that they were unable to either shift or forego electricity consumption even when prices are high ($0.50/kWh). Reasons customers gave for why they weren't price-responsive include implicit value placed on reliability, pricing structures, lack of flexibility in adjusting production inputs, just-in-time practices, perceived barriers to onsite generation, and insufficient time. We draw these observations into a framework that could help refine economic theory of dynamic pricing by providing real-world descriptions of how firms behave and why.

  14. On the World Real Interest Rate

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Jong Eun

    1999-01-01

    This paper characterises the world real interest rate as a common trend in real interest rates in Germany, Japan, and the United States from 1964Q1 to 1996Q2. This single common trend has desirable properties as the world real interest rate and has been moving together with the world real return on the stock market, and the world real fiscal policy variable, suggesting financial integration and empirical support for the effects of fiscal policy. Paradoxically, non-uniqueness of a single commo...

  15. Khovanskii-Rolle continuation for real solutions

    CERN Document Server

    Bates, Dan

    2009-01-01

    We present a new continuation algorithm to find all nondegenerate real solutions to a system of polynomial equations. Unlike homotopy methods, it is not based on a deformation of the system; instead, it traces real curves connecting the solutions of one system of equations to those of another, eventually leading to the desired real solutions. It also differs from homotopy methods in that it follows only real paths and computes no complex solutions of the original equations. The number of curves traced is bounded by the fewnomial bound for real solutions, and the method takes advantage of any slack in that bound.

  16. Introduction to Real Analysis An Educational Approach

    CERN Document Server

    Bauldry, William C

    2011-01-01

    An accessible introduction to real analysis and its connection to elementary calculus Bridging the gap between the development and history of real analysis, Introduction to Real Analysis: An Educational Approach presents a comprehensive introduction to real analysis while also offering a survey of the field. With its balance of historical background, key calculus methods, and hands-on applications, this book provides readers with a solid foundation and fundamental understanding of real analysis. The book begins with an outline of basic calculus, including a close examination of problems illust

  17. On real structures on rigid surfaces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kulikov, Vik S [Steklov Mathematical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences (Russian Federation); Kharlamov, V M [Institut de Recherche Matematique Avanee Universite Louis Pasteur et CNRS 7 rue Rene Descartes (France)

    2002-02-28

    We construct examples of rigid surfaces (that is, surfaces whose deformation class consists of a unique surface) with a particular behaviour with respect to real structures. In one example the surface has no real structure. In another it has a unique real structure, which is not maximal with respect to the Smith-Thom inequality. These examples give negative answers to the following problems: the existence of real surfaces in each deformation class of complex surfaces, and the existence of maximal real surfaces in every complex deformation class that contains real surfaces. Moreover, we prove that there are no real surfaces among surfaces of general type with p{sub g}=q=0 and K{sup 2}=9. These surfaces also provide new counterexamples to the 'Dif = Def' problem.

  18. Towards phronetic knowledge for strategic planning in corporate real estate management: A real options approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reedt Dortland, van Maartje; Voordijk, Hans; Dewulf, Geert

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The objective of this paper is to provide insights about the potential of real option thinking for corporate real estate management (CREM) from the owner-user perspective. A promising approach to classifying and evaluating flexibility in real estate is the real options approach. Most lite

  19. 75 FR 36271 - Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Home Warranty Companies' Payments to Real Estate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-25

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT 24 CFR Part 3500 Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Home Warranty Companies' Payments to Real Estate Brokers and Agents AGENCY: Office of General Counsel, HUD. ACTION... performed by real estate brokers and agents as additional settlement services in a real estate...

  20. Definability in the Real Universe

    CERN Document Server

    Cooper, S Barry

    2011-01-01

    Logic has its origins in basic questions about the nature of the real world and how we describe it. This article seeks to bring out the physical and epistemological relevance of some of the more recent technical work in logic and computability theory. "If you are receptive and humble, mathematics will lead you by the hand. Again and again, when I have been at a loss how to proceed, I have just had to wait until I have felt the mathematics lead me by the hand. It has led me along an unexpected path, a path where new vistas open up, a path leading to new territory, where one can set up a base of operations, from which one can survey the surroundings and plan future progress." - Paul Dirac, 27 November, 1975. In Paul A. M. Dirac Papers, Florida State University Libraries, Tallahassee, Florida, USA, No. 2/29/17.

  1. Avrocar: a real flying saucer

    CERN Document Server

    Fedrigo, Desire Francine G; Gobato, Alekssander

    2015-01-01

    One of the most unusual military aircraft programs V / STOL was the Avro VZ-9 "Avrocar". Designed to be a real flying saucer, the Avrocar was one of the few V / STOL to be developed in complete secrecy. Despite significant changes in the design, during flight tests, the Avrocar was unable to achieve its objectives, and the program was eventually canceled after an expenditure of 10 million US dollars between 1954 and 1961. But the concept of a lift fan, driven by a turbojet engine is not dead, and lives today as a key component of Lockheed X-35 Joint Strike Fighter contender. Was held in a data research and information related to Avrocar project carried out during the Second World War, which was directly linked to advances in aircraft that were built after it, and correlate them with the turbo fan engines used today.

  2. REAL TIME DATA PROCESSING FRAMEWORKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yash Sakaria

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available On a business level, everyone wants to get hold of the business value and other organizational advantages that big data has to offer. Analytics has arisen as the primitive path to business value from big data. Hadoop is not just a storage platform for big data; it’s also a computational and processing platform for business analytics. Hadoop is, however, unsuccessful in fulfilling business requirements when it comes to live data streaming. The initial architecture of Apache Hadoop did not solve the problem of live stream data mining. In summary, the traditional approach of big data being co-relational to Hadoop is false; focus needs to be given on business value as well. Data Warehousing, Hadoop and stream processing complement each other very well. In this paper, we have tried reviewing a few frameworks and products which use real time data streaming by providing modifications to Hadoop.

  3. Is the physical Universe real?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, S. F.

    1987-01-01

    The value of any model is always enhanced by an awareness of its limitations and it is this aspect of teaching which is too often overlooked. The philosophy of simple mechanistic theories is fundamentally different from that implied by the newer concepts of quantum mechanics and, whilst it might not be desirable to teach this subject formally at A-level, it would be good to develop an awareness of the revolutionary ideas of complementarity and correspondence which throw so much light on one's very way of thinking. The author explores preconceptions about what can be 'real' and describes the strangeness of the Universe as modelled by quantum theory. It goes on to suggest that the experience of physicists during this century ought to open our eyes to new types of theory in many diverse fields.

  4. The combinatorics of real double Hurwitz numbers with real positive branch points

    OpenAIRE

    Guay-Paquet, Mathieu; Markwig, Hannah; Rau, Johannes

    2014-01-01

    We investigate the combinatorics of real double Hurwitz numbers with real positive branch points using the symmetric group. Our main focus is twofold. First, we prove correspondence theorems relating these numbers to counts of tropical real covers and study the structure of real double Hurwitz numbers with the help of the tropical count. Second, we express the numbers as counts of paths in a subgraph of the Cayley graph of the symmetric group. By restricting to real double Hurwitz numbers wit...

  5. The impact of real estate market transparency on the linkages between direct and indirect real estate

    OpenAIRE

    Luo, Yun; 骆韵

    2013-01-01

    Global investors often invest in publicly traded indirect real estate (IRE) such as Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) and listed property companies rather than physical real estate asset in order to get exposure in foreign real estate markets for a number of reasons that mainly originated from the high transaction cost in the direct real estate (DRE) market. However, in reality IRE is not a perfect substitute of DRE and that the substitutability between IRE and DRE varies across markets. Ve...

  6. The Changing Real Estate Market Transparency in the European Real Estate Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Newell, G.

    2015-01-01

    A key ingredient for increased investor confidence in the European real estate markets has been the improved real estate market transparency in the European markets in recent years. Using the JLL global real estate transparency index, countries are classified as high transparency, transparent, semi-transparent, low transparency and opaque. This paper assesses changes in the real estate transparency for 33 European real estate markets over 2001-2014. This is also assessed in a regional and glo...

  7. Developing Real Estate Education in Brazil: A Case Study of an MBA in Real Estate Development

    OpenAIRE

    Haddad, E.

    2013-01-01

    The practice of Real Estate in Brazil has gone to several changes in recent past that have resulted in an enormous development of the industry. It has implied in increasing demand for manpower training and development a local knowledge of this emerging field. Because of a virtual lack of a “Real Estate school” in Brazil, Real Estate has been approached by different educational traditions, such as construction planning and management, Real Estate business, Real Estate finance. The purpose of t...

  8. The Official Real Estate Appraisal in Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christoph JOCHEIM-WIRTZ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The Real Estate Appraisal in Germany is regulated by the articles 192-199 of the German Construction Law. Technical guidelines, including the appraisal methods, are defined in bylaws. For the purpose of official real estate appraisal, Expert Appraisal Committees were founded in counties and large cities. The Committees are comprised of real estate experts doing a honorary service, coming from such professions as land surveying engineers, architects, civil engineers, Tax Office employees, experts from the banking sector, agronomists and real estate agents. The chairman of the Committee is also the director of the Cadastral Office and/or the Surveying Office. Every Committee has its own office within the Cadastral Office or the Surveying Office. The main task of the Committees is to establish and guarantee the transparency of the real estate market, by means of the publication of approximate plot value maps on the Internet as well as the publication of the reports on the real estate market. Apart from that, the Expert Appraisal Committees provide reports on the market value of real estate objects, available upon request. Reports on the market value of real estate objects are also made by publicly appointed and sworn experts. Based on the steady rise in the requests for superregional information about the real estate market in the recent years, the working group comprised of the representatives from the Expert Appraisal Committees from the whole country published its first report on the real estate market in Germany in 2008, and the second one in 2011.

  9. Análisis de los casos de cáncer de pulmón diagnosticados en el Servicio de Medicina Interna del Hospital de Navarra: enero de 2001 a septiembre de 2006 Analysis of lung cancer cases diagnosed in an Internal Medicine Department: from January 2001 to September 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Fernández

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos. Conocer el tiempo de existencia de clínica previa al diagnóstico del cáncer de pulmón, tipo de manifestaciones, características clínicas, radiológicas e histológicas de los distintos tipos de tumores y analizar los factores que pueden influir en la supervivencia. Material y métodos. Estudio retrospectivo de todos los pacientes diagnosticados de cáncer de pulmón en el Servicio de Medicina Interna del Hospital de Navarra en el periodo de enero 2001 a septiembre de 2006 mediante revisión de historias clínicas y contacto telefónico cuando fue necesario. Se recogieron específicamente la edad, el sexo, el consumo de tabaco, el tiempo y la clase de síntomas antes de la hospitalización, las manifestaciones radiológicas, los métodos de diagnóstico histológico, el estadio tumoral, y el estado de capacidad funcional (ECOG. También analizamos las curvas de supervivencia y, mediante regresión logística, los factores implicados. Resultados. Se estudiaron 124 pacientes [edad media de 68 ±12 años, 105 (85% hombres y 18 (15% mujeres, fumadores 85%]. El tiempo medio de clínica previa al ingreso fue de 74,5 ±7 días. La clínica de presentación de tipo respiratorio estuvo presente sólo en 40 (32% ocasiones. Se realizó estadiaje por métodos radiológicos en 120 (96,8% de los pacientes. Se diagnosticaron 96 (77,4% tumores no microcíticos, de los cuales 62 (64% estaban en estadio IV. De los 28 (22,6% tumores microcíticos objetivados, 22 (79% se encontraban en estadio no limitado. La mediana de tiempo hasta el diagnóstico fue de 7 días. Fallecieron 113 pacientes (91%, subiendo la mediana de supervivencia a tres meses. Los factores asociados a supervivencia más larga fueron el estadio tumoral poco avanzado y la clasificación ECOG más baja. Conclusiones. El cáncer de pulmón es una patología con alta tasa de mortalidad, que tarda mucho tiempo en diagnosticarse y suele hacerse cuando ya está en estadios avanzados. La

  10. CONSIDERATIONS FOR REAL ESTATE PROPERTY VALUATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Mihaela Onica

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Real estate properties are the most important elements of an economic activity that contributes to the creation of the value once they are included in the economic cycle.The adequate estimate of the value of real estate properties and competent analysis of all aspects related thereto are used as decision support regarding the use and disposal of the real estate properties. In determining the market value of a real estate property, you can choose one of three methods available in the practice of the valuation, market approach , income approach or cost approach. In this context, using the cost approach , we determine the market value of a real estate property , given that realistic , accurate estimate contribute to the establishment and stabilization of loans and investments that promote the development of the real estate property in the sense required by society.

  11. Real Gromov-Witten Theory in All Genera and Real Enumerative Geometry: Computation

    CERN Document Server

    Georgieva, Penka

    2015-01-01

    The first part of this work constructs real positive-genus Gromov-Witten invariants of real-orientable symplectic manifolds of odd "complex" dimensions; the second part studies the orientations on the moduli spaces of real maps used in constructing these invariants. The present paper applies the results of the latter to obtain quantitative and qualitative conclusions about the invariants defined in the former. After describing large collections of real-orientable symplectic manifolds, we show that the real genus 1 Gromov-Witten invariants of sufficiently positive almost Kahler threefolds are signed counts of real genus 1 curves only and thus provide direct lower bounds for the counts of these curves in such targets. We specify real orientations on the real-orientable complete intersections in projective spaces; the real Gromov-Witten invariants they determine are in a sense canonically determined by the complete intersection itself, (at least) in most cases. We also obtain equivariant localization data that c...

  12. O direito real de Kant Kant's real right

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aylton Barbieri Durão

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available No direito real, Kant investiga a propriedade privada de uma substância (o solo e os objetos localizados nele. No estado de natureza, somente ocorre a posse física ou empírica de um objeto externo, a partir do postulado jurídico da razão prática como uma lei permissiva, pois, do contrário, as coisas utilizáveis seriam em-si ou res nullius, mas a posse jurídica ou inteligível depende da posse comum originária do solo (que não se confunde com o comunismo primitivo, para evitar que a propriedade seja uma relação entre pessoas e coisas, como acontece na teoria do trabalho, porque todo direito exige um dever correspondente. Todavia, coisas não podem ter deveres com relação a pessoas, condição seguida da vontade unilateral do primeiro ocupante de querer o objeto e do advento de uma vontade unificada a priori do provo, que só se torna efetiva no estado civil, a única capaz de gerar uma obrigação recíproca entre todos; por isso, a posse inteligível somente é possível no estado civil, embora a posse empírica do estado de natureza tenha a presunção de tornar-se jurídica, quando ocorrer a entrada no estado jurídico e vale por comparação na espera e preparação daquele estado.In real right, Kant investigates the private property of a substance (the soil and the objects on it. In the state of nature the physical or empirical possession of an external object only occurs based on the juridical postulate of the practical reason as a permissive law; otherwise, usable things would be in themselves, or res nullius, but the juridical or intelligible possession depends on the common possession which originates from the soil (and cannot be confounded with primitive communism, to avoid the property to be a relation among people and things, such as what happens in the work theory, because all rights demand a correlated duty, but things cannot have duties towards people, followed by the first occupant's unilateral will to want the

  13. DETERMINANTS OF REAL EXCHANGE RATE IN ETHIOPIA

    OpenAIRE

    Dr. P.Nandeeswara Rao; Tassew Dufera Tolcha

    2016-01-01

    Real exchange rate has direct effects on trade particularly on international trade and has indirect effects on productions and employments, so it is crucial to understand the factors which determine its variations. This study analyses the main determinants of the real exchange rate and the dynamic adjustment of the real exchange rate following shocks to those determinants using yearly Ethiopian time series data covering the period 1971 to 2010. It begins with a review of literatures on Exchan...

  14. Quantum Mechanics interpreted in Quantum Real Numbers

    OpenAIRE

    Corbett, John V.; Durt, Thomas

    2002-01-01

    The concept of number is fundamental to the formulation of any physical theory. We give a heuristic motivation for the reformulation of Quantum Mechanics in terms of non-standard real numbers called Quantum Real Numbers. The standard axioms of quantum mechanics are re-interpreted. Our aim is to show that, when formulated in the language of quantum real numbers, the laws of quantum mechanics appear more natural, less counterintuitive than when they are presented in terms of standard numbers.

  15. Listing Specialization and Residential Real Estate Licensee

    OpenAIRE

    Leonard V. Zumpano; Ken Johnson; Randy I . Anderson

    2007-01-01

    Earlier research has found that specialization by real estate agents creates economies of scope for real estate firms. So far, however, no research has addressed this issue at the agent level. The question this research seeks to answer is whether specialization in one side of the real estate transaction increases agent income. The most important finding is that specialization has an asymmetric impact on earnings. Specializing in listings positively enhances agent income. In contrast, speciali...

  16. Product Liability Issues in Real Estate Brokerage

    OpenAIRE

    Thomas Potter; Theron R. Nelson; Susan Logan Nelson

    1991-01-01

    The legal environment for real estate brokers is moving inexorably toward the doctrine of strict liability in a product liability context. The agency relationship model currently popular in real estate brokerage may not be able to withstand this threat. A recommendation is made that the industry move toward a market-making role which lies outside the chain of distribution of the real estate product. By moving out of the distribution channel, brokers may be able to revert to a "due care" stand...

  17. Organisational Learning and Real Estate Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Susan Flint-Hartle

    2001-01-01

    Dramatic change and new competitive demands pose both threats and challenges for real estate businesses. The role of the real estate professional is becoming increasingly complex. As steward of the transaction, the role of the agent and indirectly that of the salesperson can be at once facilitator, negotiator, image creator, graphic designer, financial and property management consultant ñ all new skills added to the age old selling skills of qualifying and closing. In todayís real estate busi...

  18. PBL - making natural resource education really real

    OpenAIRE

    Ford, Bob

    1998-01-01

    A major concern in education today is making the student learning experience relevant to facilitate workforce readiness. Problem-Based Learning (PBL) is an instructional format which actively engages students in the learning process by requiring them to solve real-life problems (Arambula-Greenfield 1996, Norman and Schmidt 1992). Often times, however, the real-life experiences used are hypothetical and, as a result, simplify the problem to the point that the realness of the problem no longer ...

  19. Real-time Transmission Over Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Gao, Qi

    2004-01-01

    With the Internet expansion, real-time transmission over Internet is becoming a new promising application. Successful real-time communication over IP networks requires reasonably reliable, low delay, low loss date transport. Since Internet is a non-synchronous packet switching network, high load and lack of guarantees on data delivery make real-time communication such as Voice and Video over IP a challenging application to become realistic on the Internet. This thesis work is composed of two...

  20. The multiple reals of workplace learning

    OpenAIRE

    Kerry Harman

    2014-01-01

    The multiple reals of workplace learning are explored in this paper. Drawing on a Foucauldian conceptualisation of power as distributed, relational and productive, networks that work to produce particular objects and subjects as seemingly natural and real are examined. This approach enables different reals of workplace learning to be traced. Data from a collaborative industry-university research project is used to illustrate the approach, with a focus on the intersecting practices of a group ...

  1. Real meromorphic functions and linear differential polynomials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LANGLEY; J.; K.

    2010-01-01

    We determine all real meromorphic functions f in the plane such that f has finitely many zeros, the poles of f have bounded multiplicities, and f and F have finitely many non-real zeros, where F is a linear differential polynomial given by F = f (k) +Σk-1j=0ajf(j) , in which k≥2 and the coefficients aj are real numbers with a0≠0.

  2. Mobile real time radiography system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 450-keV Mobile Real Time Radiography (RTR) System was delivered to Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in January 1996. It was purchased to inspect containers of radioactive waste produced at (LANL). Since its delivery it has been used to radiograph more than 600 drums of radioactive waste at various LANL sites. It has the capability of inspecting waste containers of various sizes from <1-gal. buckets up to standard waste boxes (SWB, dimensions 54.5 in. x 71 in. x 37 in.). It has three independent x-ray acquisition formats. The primary system used is a 12- in. image intensifier, the second is a 36-in. linear diode array (LDA) and the last is an open system. It is fully self contained with on board generator, HVAC, and a fire suppression system. It is on a 53-ft long x 8-ft. wide x 14-ft. high trailer that can be moved over any highway requiring only an easily obtainable overweight permit because it weights ∼38 tons. It was built to conform to industry standards for a cabinet system which does not require an exclusion zone. The fact that this unit is mobile has allowed us to operate where the waste is stored, rather than having to move the waste to a fixed facility

  3. Complex solitons with real energies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cen, Julia; Fring, Andreas

    2016-09-01

    Using Hirota’s direct method and Bäcklund transformations we construct explicit complex one and two-soliton solutions to the complex Korteweg–de Vries (KdV) equation, the complex modified KdV (mKdV) equation and the complex sine-Gordon equation. The one-soliton solutions of trigonometric and elliptic type turn out to be { P }{ T }-symmetric when a constant of integration is chosen to be purely imaginary with one special choice corresponding to solutions recently found by Khare and Saxena. We show that alternatively complex { P }{ T }-symmetric solutions to the KdV equation may also be constructed alternatively from real solutions to the mKdV by means of Miura transformations. The multi-soliton solutions obtained from Hirota’s method break the { P }{ T }-symmetric, whereas those obtained from Bäcklund transformations are { P }{ T }-invariant under certain conditions. Despite the fact that some of the Hamiltonian densities are non-Hermitian, the total energy is found to be positive in all cases, that is irrespective of whether they are { P }{ T }-symmetric or not. The reason is that the symmetry can be restored by suitable shifts in space–time and the fact that any of our N-soliton solutions may be decomposed into N separate { P }{ T }-symmetrizable one-soliton solutions.

  4. Mobile real time radiography system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vigil, J.; Taggart, D.; Betts, S. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)] [and others

    1997-11-01

    A 450-keV Mobile Real Time Radiography (RTR) System was delivered to Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in January 1996. It was purchased to inspect containers of radioactive waste produced at (LANL). Since its delivery it has been used to radiograph more than 600 drums of radioactive waste at various LANL sites. It has the capability of inspecting waste containers of various sizes from <1-gal. buckets up to standard waste boxes (SWB, dimensions 54.5 in. x 71 in. x 37 in.). It has three independent x-ray acquisition formats. The primary system used is a 12- in. image intensifier, the second is a 36-in. linear diode array (LDA) and the last is an open system. It is fully self contained with on board generator, HVAC, and a fire suppression system. It is on a 53-ft long x 8-ft. wide x 14-ft. high trailer that can be moved over any highway requiring only an easily obtainable overweight permit because it weights {approximately}38 tons. It was built to conform to industry standards for a cabinet system which does not require an exclusion zone. The fact that this unit is mobile has allowed us to operate where the waste is stored, rather than having to move the waste to a fixed facility.

  5. Fresh Air in Real Estate Policies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Yan

    2008-01-01

    @@ Recently, due to the international financial crisis, the decline in domestic economic growth and in the real estate market, the central and local governments have issued a series of policies and measures designed to stimulate the real estate industry. On the one hand, the central government starts stimulating the real estate market by tax relief, relaxation of credit and security housing construction. On the other hand, with the support of the central government, more and more local governments have implemented their own new real estate policies in order to promote the recovery of the local market.

  6. Real-time Pricing in Power Markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boom, Anette; Schwenen, Sebastian

    We examine welfare eects of real-time pricing in electricity markets. Before stochastic energy demand is known, competitive retailers contract with nal consumers who exogenously do not have real-time meters. After demand is realized, two electricity generators compete in a uniform price auction to...... Bertrand case, welfare is the same with all or no consumers on smart meters....... satisfy demand from retailers acting on behalf of subscribed customers and from consumers with real-time meters. Increasing the number of consumers on real-time pricing does not always increase welfare since risk-averse consumers dislike uncertain and high prices arising through market power. In the...

  7. Real-time graphics rendering engine

    CERN Document Server

    Bao, Hujun

    2011-01-01

    ""Real-Time Graphics Rendering Engine"" reveals the software architecture of the modern real-time 3D graphics rendering engine and the relevant technologies based on the authors' experience developing this high-performance, real-time system. The relevant knowledge about real-time graphics rendering such as the rendering pipeline, the visual appearance and shading and lighting models are also introduced. This book is intended to offer well-founded guidance for researchers and developers who are interested in building their own rendering engines. Hujun Bao is a professor at the State Key Lab of

  8. Real and imaginary negative binomial states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Jing; Wang, Xiaoguang; Wu, Ling-An; Pan, Shao-Hua

    2001-10-01

    The real and imaginary negative binomial states formed by a superposition of the negative binomial states are introduced. The sub-Poissonian statistics, Wigner function and squeezing properties of the real and imaginary states are studied in detail. The oscillatory character of the photon distribution due to the quantum interference between the two components is shown. Moreover, we find that these states are real and imaginary nonlinear Schrödinger cat states and give the corresponding ladder operator formalisms. We also discuss how to generate these general real quantum superposition states based on the intensity-dependent Jaynes-Cummings model.

  9. Students Collecting Real time Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, P.

    2006-05-01

    Students Collecting Real-Time Data The Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary has created opportunities for middle and high school students to become Student Researchers and to be involved in real-time marine data collection. It is important that we expose students to different fields of science and encourage them to enter scientific fields of study. The Humpback Whale Sanctuary has an education visitor center in Kihei, Maui. Located right on the beach, the site has become a living classroom facility. There is a traditional Hawaiian fishpond fronting the property. The fishpond wall is being restored, using traditional methods. The site has the incredible opportunity of incorporating Hawaiian cultural practices with scientific studies. The Sanctuary offers opportunities for students to get involved in monitoring and data collection studies. Invasive Seaweed Study: Students are collecting data on invasive seaweed for the University of Hawaii. They pull a large net through the shallow waters. Seaweed is sorted, identified and weighed. The invasive seaweeds are removed. The data is recorded and sent to UH. Remote controlled monitoring boats: The sanctuary has 6 boogie board sized remote controlled boats used to monitor reefs. Boats have a camera with lights on the underside. The boats have water quality monitoring devices and GPS units. The video from the underwater camera is transmitted via a wireless transmission. Students are able to monitor the fish, limu and invertebrate populations on the reef and collect water quality data via television monitors or computers. The boat can also pull a small plankton tow net. Data is being compiled into data bases. Artificial Reef Modules: The Sanctuary has a scientific permit from the state to build and deploy artificial reef modules. High school students are designing and building modules. These are deployed out in the Fishpond fronting the Sanctuary site and students are monitoring them on a weekly basis

  10. Cosmic Disasters, Real and Imagined

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Alan W.

    2010-05-01

    Since ancient times, humans have looked to the skies for explanations of past tragedies and predictions of the future. Indeed the very word "disaster” means "bad star". Although most such myths and forecasts are purely imaginary, we have, in more recent times, identified real cosmic impact events in the past and we have developed the necessary tools to discover and predict them in the near-term future. We dynamical astronomers, the direct descendants of ancient astrologers, have at last gained the tools to actually deliver on at least some of the promises of ancient astrologers, to predict "Armageddon” before it arrives. Nevertheless, we still carry some baggage of mythos, ancient disasters blamed on impacts that never happened, and obsessions over impacts of such incredible improbability that we would better worry about other things. In this talk I will review our present state of knowledge of what is out there that might hit us and with what frequency, the estimated consequences of impacts of all sizes, and from these derive an "actuarial” impact risk assessment. I will present the "intrinsic risk", before any Earth-approaching asteroids were discovered; where we are now with the present level of survey completeness; and where future surveys should take us. I will put this in the context of risk levels from other natural, and un-natural, hazards. I will close with a brief discussion of a claimed impact that almost certainly did not happen, relating to the extinction of megafauna in North America 12,900 years ago. The mythos underlying this claim may provide an object lesson on the present day "street fight” over the reality of global warming.

  11. Real Moments of the Restrictive Factor

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Andrew Ledoan; Alexandru Zaharescu

    2009-09-01

    Let be a real number such that 0 < < 1. We establish asymptotic formulas for the weighted real moments $\\sum_{n≤ x}R^(n)(1-n/x)$, where $R(n)=\\prod^k_{v=1}p^{ v-1}_v$ is the Atanassov strong restrictive factor function and $n=\\prod^k_{v=1}p^{ v}_v$ is the prime factorization of .

  12. Interactive Real-time Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brix, Lau

    Real-time acquisition, reconstruction and interactively changing the slice position using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have been possible for years. However, the current clinical use of interactive real-time MRI is limited due to an inherent low spatial and temporal resolution. This PhD proje...

  13. Validation of RNAi by real time PCR

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Josefsen, Knud; Lee, Ying Chiu

    2011-01-01

    Real time PCR is the analytic tool of choice for quantification of gene expression, while RNAi is concerned with downregulation of gene expression. Together, they constitute a powerful approach in any loss of function studies of selective genes. We illustrate here the use of real time PCR to verify...

  14. Storm real-time processing cookbook

    CERN Document Server

    Anderson, Quinton

    2013-01-01

    A Cookbook with plenty of practical recipes for different uses of Storm.If you are a Java developer with basic knowledge of real-time processing and would like to learn Storm to process unbounded streams of data in real time, then this book is for you.

  15. Real-time Pricing in Power Markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boom, Anette; Schwenen, Sebastian

    We examine welfare eects of real-time pricing in electricity markets. Before stochastic energy demand is known, competitive retailers contract with nal consumers who exogenously do not have real-time meters. After demand is realized, two electricity generators compete in a uniform price auction to...

  16. Real-time Pricing in Power Markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boom, Anette; Schwenen, Sebastian

    We examine welfare e ects of real-time pricing in electricity markets. Before stochastic energy demand is known, competitive retailers contract with nal consumers who exogenously do not have real-time meters. After demand is realized, two electricity generators compete in a uniform price auction to...

  17. De toekomst van Real Time Intelligence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Broek, J. van den; Berg, C.H. van den

    2013-01-01

    Al direct vanaf de start van de Nationale Politie is gewerkt aan het opzetten van tien real-time intelligence centra in Nederland. Van daaruit worden 24 uur per dag en zeven dagen in de week agenten op straat actief ondersteund met real-time informatie bij de melding waar ze op af gaan. In de visie

  18. Commercial real estate analysis and investments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geltner, D.; Miller, N.; Clayton, J.; Eichholtz, P.M.A.

    2013-01-01

    The well-known and respected authorship team of Geltner and Miller bring you a new edition of what has become the undisputed and authoritative resource on commercial real estate investment. Streamlined and completely updated with expanded coverage of corporate and international real estate investmen

  19. A Real-time Network at Home

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hanssen, Ferdy; Hartel, Pieter; Jansen, Pierre; Scholten, Hans; Vervoort, Wiek

    2001-01-01

    This paper proposes a home network which integrates both real-time and non-real-time capabilities for one coherent, distributed architecture. Such a network is not yet available. Our network will support inexpensive, small appliances as well as more expensive, large appliances. The network is based

  20. Real time estimates of GDP growth

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Groot, de E.A. (Bert); Franses, P.H.P.H.

    2005-01-01

    This paper describes the components of the EICIE, the Econometric Institute Current Indicator of the Economy. This measure concerns quarterly and annual growth of Dutch real Gross Domestic Product. The key component of our real-time forecasting model for Dutch quarterly GDP is weekly staffing servic

  1. Real time estimates of GDP growth

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E.A. de Groot (Bert); Ph.H.B.F. Franses (Philip Hans)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractThis paper describes the components of the EICIE, the Econometric Institute Current Indicator of the Economy. This measure concerns quarterly and annual growth of Dutch real Gross Domestic Product. The key component of our real-time forecasting model for Dutch quarterly GDP is weekly sta

  2. Real-time Pricing in Power Markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boom, Anette; Schwenen, Sebastian

    satisfy demand from retailers acting on behalf of subscribed customers and from consumers with real-time meters. Increasing the number of consumers on real-time pricing does not always increase welfare since risk-averse consumers dislike uncertain and high prices arising through market power. In the...

  3. Real-Life Stories about Addiction Struggles

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... turn Javascript on. Feature: Preventing Drug Abuse and Addiction Real-Life Stories About Addiction Struggles Past Issues / Fall 2011 Table of Contents “ ... VIDEO NIHSeniorHealth Videos Offer Real-Life Stories About Addiction Struggles—and Much More Many of the health ...

  4. Real Hypersurfaces of a Complex Space Form

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Sharief Deshmukh

    2012-11-01

    In this paper we are interested in obtaining a condition under which a compact real hypersurface of a complex projective space $CP^n$ is a geodesic sphere. We also study the question as to whether the characteristic vector field of a real hypersurface of the complex projective space $CP^n$ is harmonic, and show that the answer is in negative.

  5. A Thermodynamic Classification of Real Numbers

    OpenAIRE

    Garrity, Thomas

    2008-01-01

    A new classification scheme for real numbers is given, motivated by ideas from statistical mechanics in general and work of Knauf and of Fiala and Kleban in particular. Critical for this classification of a real number will be the Diophantine properties of its continued fraction expansion.

  6. Real time programming environment for Windows

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    LaBelle, D.R. [LaBelle (Dennis R.), Clifton Park, NY (United States)

    1998-04-01

    This document provides a description of the Real Time Programming Environment (RTProE). RTProE tools allow a programmer to create soft real time projects under general, multi-purpose operating systems. The basic features necessary for real time applications are provided by RTProE, leaving the programmer free to concentrate efforts on his specific project. The current version supports Microsoft Windows{trademark} 95 and NT. The tasks of real time synchronization and communication with other programs are handled by RTProE. RTProE includes a generic method for connecting a graphical user interface (GUI) to allow real time control and interaction with the programmer`s product. Topics covered in this paper include real time performance issues, portability, details of shared memory management, code scheduling, application control, Operating System specific concerns and the use of Computer Aided Software Engineering (CASE) tools. The development of RTProE is an important step in the expansion of the real time programming community. The financial costs associated with using the system are minimal. All source code for RTProE has been made publicly available. Any person with access to a personal computer, Windows 95 or NT, and C or FORTRAN compilers can quickly enter the world of real time modeling and simulation.

  7. Effective Thermal Diffusivity in Real Solid

    OpenAIRE

    Chakraborty, Aniruddha

    2015-01-01

    The effective thermal diffusivity is evaluated for a two dimensional real solid and the real solid is modeled with periodic surface. The result contain the scale factor for the conformal transformation that flattens the surface. We find that the effective thermal diffusivity is always less than the local thermal diffusivity and this conclusion is independent of the model.

  8. The impact of real oil price on real effective exchange rate: The case of Azerbaijan

    OpenAIRE

    Hasanov, Fakhri

    2010-01-01

    Using quarterly data from 2000-2007 and applying Error Correction Model and Johansen Co- integration Approaches I estimate the impact of real oil price on the real exchange rate of Azerbaijani manat. Estimation outputs derived from these approaches are very close to each other and indicate that real oil price has statistically significant positive impact on real exchange rate in the long-run. Besides, revealed that relative price as a proxy for productivity has also explana...

  9. Real options, portfolio effects and financial structure : theory and evidence from Hong Kong real estate companies

    OpenAIRE

    Shen, Jianfu; 沈建富

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this research is to investigate corporate behavior, including investment and financing decisions, when corporations face uncertainty and flexibility/inflexibility, and to explore the effects of this behavior on real option valuation. It expands the real options analysis framework into two paths: the first is to add institutional details, portfolio aspects and financial structure into the classical real option model; the other is to extend the real option model into a firm valuation...

  10. Real estate data avaliability for market analysis and single real estate valuation

    OpenAIRE

    Tušek, Tea

    2007-01-01

    Diploma analyses avaliability of some public accesable real estate data for market analysis and single real estate evaluation. It deals with the manner of the state review on the real estate market in the Republic of Slovenia and in the Federal Republic of Germany including legal regulations in both countries, which directly and indirectly interfere with this field. It describes the data base – Record of real estate market, whose primary function is mass evaluation, however, it can be also ap...

  11. Real Shocks and the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate: In the Case of Wage Rigidity

    OpenAIRE

    Hee-Ho Kim; John Dutton

    1997-01-01

    Using a simple exchange rate model, this paper investigates the role of unemployment in determining the ejfects of different shocks on the real exchange rate. The presence of unenioloyment in an economy is shown to significantly alter the relationship between real variables and the real exchange rate. This implies that the generally believed traditional propositions concerning real shocks and the exchange rate might not be valid anymore in the economy with unemployment and thus, that l ignori...

  12. Multiprocessor scheduling for real-time systems

    CERN Document Server

    Baruah, Sanjoy; Buttazzo, Giorgio

    2015-01-01

    This book provides a comprehensive overview of both theoretical and pragmatic aspects of resource-allocation and scheduling in multiprocessor and multicore hard-real-time systems.  The authors derive new, abstract models of real-time tasks that capture accurately the salient features of real application systems that are to be implemented on multiprocessor platforms, and identify rules for mapping application systems onto the most appropriate models.  New run-time multiprocessor scheduling algorithms are presented, which are demonstrably better than those currently used, both in terms of run-time efficiency and tractability of off-line analysis.  Readers will benefit from a new design and analysis framework for multiprocessor real-time systems, which will translate into a significantly enhanced ability to provide formally verified, safety-critical real-time systems at a significantly lower cost.

  13. Hybrid Multiprocessor Real-Time Scheduling Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali A Safaei

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Real-time scheduling is one of the most important aspects of a real-time system design. To achieve a real-time system's requirement, especially to be fast, multiprocessor systems are used. Generally, multiprocessor real-time scheduling algorithms fall into one the two well-known approaches: Partitioning or Global. The partitioning approach has acceptable overhead for underlying system but can NOT guarantee to provide an optimal schedule. The global approach can provide this guarantee by holding some preconditions and considerable overheads. In this paper, an intermediate hybrid multiprocessor real-time scheduling approach is proposed in which optimality will be reached via the minimum overheads for underlying system. Presenting and analyzing different feasible paradigms for combination of the two existing approaches, the proposed hybrid approach satisfies the two major goals of this combination: optimality and lightweightness. Experimental results show that the hybrid approach outperforms the two existing ones.

  14. 75 FR 74620 - Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Home Warranty Companies' Payments to Real Estate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT 24 CFR Part 3500 Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Home Warranty Companies' Payments to Real Estate Brokers and Agents Interpretive Rule: Response to Public Comments AGENCY... fees to real estate brokers and agents by home warranty companies. The public was invited to comment...

  15. The reduction of the metabolyc syndrome in Navarra-Spain (RESMENA-S study: a multidisciplinary strategy based on chrononutrition and nutritional education, together with dietetic and psychological control El estudio RESMENA-S: reducción del síndrome metabólico; una estrategia multidisciplinar basada en la crononutrición y la educación nutricional, junto con control dietético y psicológico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.ª A. Zulet

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The high prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS in Spain requires additional efforts for prevention and treatment. Objective: The study RESMENA-S aims to improve clinical criteria and biomarkers associated with MS though an integral therapy approach. Methods: The study is a randomized prospective parallel design in which is expected to participate a total of 100 individuals. The RESMENA-S group (n = 50 is a personalized weight loss (30% energy restriction diet, with a macronutrient distribution (carbohydrate / fat / protein of 40/30/30, high meal frequency (7 / day, low glycemic index/load and high antioxidant capacity as well as a high adherence to the Mediterranean diet. The control group (n = 50 is assigned to a diet with the same energy restriction and based on the American Heart Association pattern. Both experimental groups are under dietary and psychological control during 8 weeks. Likewise, for an additional period of 16 weeks of self-control, is expected that volunteers will follow the same pattern but with no dietary advice. Results: Anthropometrical data and body composition determinations as well as blood and urine samples are being collected at the beginning and end of each phase. This project is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov with the number NCT01087086 and count with the Research Ethics Committee of the University of Navarra approval (065/2009. Conclusions: Intervention trials to promote the adoption of dietary patterns and healthy lifestyle are of great importance to identify the outcomes and nutritional mechanisms that might explain the link between obesity, metabolic syndrome and associated complications.Introducción: La alta prevalencia del síndrome metabólico (SM en España requiere de esfuerzos adicionales para su prevención y tratamiento. Objetivo: El estudio RESMENA-S tiene como objetivo mejorar criterios clínicos de SM y biomarcadores asociados a través de un tratamiento integral. Métodos: El

  16. The ALMA Real Time Control System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kern, Jeffrey S.; Juerges, Thomas A.; Marson, Ralph G.

    2009-01-01

    The Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) is a revolutionary millimeter and submillimeter array being developed on the Atacama plateau of northern Chile. An international partnership lead by NRAO, ESO, and NAOJ this powerful and flexible telescope will provide unprecedented observations of this relatively unexplored frequency range. The control subsystem for the Atacama Large Millimeter Array must coordinate the monitor and control of at least sixty six antennas (in four different styles), two correlators, and all of the ancillary equipment (samplers, local oscillators, front ends, etc.). This equipment will be spread over tens of kilometers and operated remotely. Operation of the array requires a robust, scalable, and maintainable real time control system. The real time control system is responsible for monitoring and control of any devices where there are fixed deadlines. Examples in the ALMA context are antenna pointing and fringe tracking. Traditionally the real time portion of a large software system is an intricate and error prone portion of the software. As a result the real time portion is very expensive in terms of effort expended both during construction and during maintenance phases of a project. The ALMA real time control system uses a Linux based real time operating system to interact with the hardware and the CORBA based ALMA Common Software to communicate in the distributed computing environment. Mixing the requirements of real time computing and the non-deterministic CORBA middleware has produced an interesting design. We discuss the architecture, design, and implementation of the ALMA real time control system. Highlight some lessons learned along the way, and justify our assertion that this should be the last large scale real time control system in radio astronomy.

  17. Data Analysis for Monitoring Japan's Real Estate Market

    OpenAIRE

    Yuichiro Ito; Ichiro Muto; Yasutaka Takizuka

    2015-01-01

    Large movements in the real estate market not only magnify fluctuations in the real economy but also destabilize the financial system. For this reason, it is quite important for central banks to monitor real estate market trends both in terms of monetary policy and prudential policy. Based on recently enhanced statistics, this article presents a data analysis for monitoring the real estate market from three perspectives: 1) real estate transactions; 2) real estate prices; and 3) real estate f...

  18. Spaces of orderings and abstract real spectra

    CERN Document Server

    Marshall, Murray A

    1996-01-01

    This book is of interest to students as well as experts in the area of real algebraic geometry, quadratic forms, orderings, valuations, lattice ordered groups and rings, and in model theory. The original motivation comes from orderings on fields and commutative rings. This is explained as is the important application to minimal generation of semi-algebraic sets. Many results in the new theory of abstract real spectra (also called spaces of signs) appear here for the first time. The reader needs elementary knowledge of commutative rings, ordered fields and real closed fields and valuations.

  19. On the thermodynamic description of real systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new method of approach to the theory of the thermodynamic properties of real systems is proposed, to include interactions among the constituent particles of the system. The method consists in obtaining the entropy of a real system from the entropy of the corresponding ideal system by a translation in the internal energy and other relevant extensive variables. The usefulness of the method is displayed by application to the cases of: (i) real gases, and (ii) spin paramagnetism with interactions among spins. It is shown that this description corresponds to a generalization of the molecular field approximation. (Author)

  20. Real-time medical applications and telecommunications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stravs, M

    1999-01-01

    Telecommunications play an important role in telemedicine. Many forms of telecommunication services based on different telecommunication technologies are developed for various needs. The paper deals with complex real-time applications which demand high telecommunication requirements. At the beginning, medical applications are categorised and real-time applications qualified as multimedia applications. Requirements for multimedia elements are listed separately. Later on, short introduction of related telecommunication protocols is given. Real-time medical applications can show their ability in case of guaranteed quality of services delivered by telecommunication network as it is explained in the end.

  1. Quantizations of R(eal numbers)

    OpenAIRE

    Suzuki, Takashi

    2003-01-01

    Quantum real numbers are proposed by performing a quantum deformation of the standard real numbers $\\R$. We start with the q-deformed Heisenberg algebra $\\cLLq$ which is obtained by the Moyal $\\ast$-deformation of the Heisenberg algebra generated by $a$ and $\\ad$. By representing $\\cLLq$ as the algebras of $q$-differentiable functions, we derive quantum real lines from the base spaces of these functional algebras. We find that these quantum lines are discrete spaces. In particular, for the ca...

  2. The Long Cycle of Real Estate

    OpenAIRE

    Ronald W. Kaiser

    1997-01-01

    The experience of the 1985-93 boom/bust in real estate has left industry players nervous about when it might happen again. This paper examines the possible causes and the periodicity of such major real estate cycles. A search of the literature for return evidence from this century suggests that there was only one other period of negative total returns for national real estate - the late 1920s and early 1930s. The evidence suggests that both periods of negative returns were caused by excessive...

  3. Filters and Ultrafilters in Real Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Garcia, Max

    2012-01-01

    We study free filters and their maximal extensions on the set of natural numbers. We characterize the limit of a sequence of real numbers in terms of the Frechet filter, which involves only one quantifier as opposed to the three non-commuting quantifiers in the usual definition. We construct the field of real non-standard numbers and study their properties. We characterize the limit of a sequence of real numbers in terms of non-standard numbers which only requires a single quantifier as well....

  4. Real options valuation with changing volatility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miroslav Čulík

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at the valuation of real options with changing volatility. Volatility change is a typical feature of real investment projects, where the riskiness of cash flow generated by the project can change significantly during the project life span. In this paper, there is explained how the problem of changing volatility can be considered if binomial lattice and replication strategy is used for real option valuation. There are recombining and non-recombining lattice used and constant and increasing volatility are analysed and results compared. In situation when volatility is changing, two approaches overcoming this problem are employed and compared.

  5. The multiple reals of workplace learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kerry Harman

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The multiple reals of workplace learning are explored in this paper. Drawing on a Foucauldian conceptualisation of power as distributed, relational and productive, networks that work to produce particular objects and subjects as seemingly natural and real are examined. This approach enables different reals of workplace learning to be traced. Data from a collaborative industry-university research project is used to illustrate the approach, with a focus on the intersecting practices of a group of professional developers and a group of workplace learning researchers. The notion of multiple reals holds promise for research on workplace learning as it moves beyond a view of reality as fixed and singular to a notion of reality as performed in and through a diversity of practices, including the practices of workplace learning researchers.

  6. Visualization in Real-Time Experiment Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The objective of this project will be to migrate some of the outputs from the WFF Mission Planning Lab (MPL) into a real-time visualization system.  The MPL is...

  7. Agent Chameleons: Virtual Agents Real Intelligence

    OpenAIRE

    O'Hare, Gregory; Duffy, Brian; Schoen-Phelan, Bianca; Martin, Alan; Bradley, John

    2003-01-01

    Agent Chameleons provides virtual agents powered by real intelligence, delivering next generation autonomic entities that can seamlessly migrate, mutate and evolve on their journey between and within physical and digital information spaces.

  8. Quantum search of a real unstructured database

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broda, Bogusław

    2016-02-01

    A simple circuit implementation of the oracle for Grover's quantum search of a real unstructured classical database is proposed. The oracle contains a kind of quantumly accessible classical memory, which stores the database.

  9. Formation of real estate research theoretical basis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarchenko Vladimir Ivanovich

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The real estate sphere is capital intensive and more or less slowly renewable. It needs an efficient management, which requires constructive use of objective development laws, and this was repeatedly proved in practice. The development laws should be taken into account both while constructing the system of management and while providing its functioning. The article is focused on levels of real estate research which give the opportunity to theoretically summarize and identify methodological requirements, define target determinants, create models and technological integration, and also to approbate in practice the results of the research and verify or rebut the hypothesis. The different levels of abstraction in scientific researches, especially in such a large-scale sphere as real estate, allow implementing the deductive enlargement required for this sphere without loss of identity of regularities and notions. The systemic result of the authorial approach will be in the formation of methodological base containing the complete spectrum of instruments of real estate management.

  10. Universidades virtuales: ¿aprendizaje real?

    OpenAIRE

    Valenzuela González, Jaime Ricardo

    2015-01-01

    1. Introducción; 2. Modalidades educativas; 3. Concepto y características de las universidades virtuales; 4. Un modelo de universidad virtual; 5. Universidades virtuales ¿aprendizaje real?; 6. Tensiones de las universidades virtuales; 7. Referencias

  11. CPR: A Real Lifesaver (For Kids)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Got Homework? Here's Help White House Lunch Recipes CPR: A Real Lifesaver KidsHealth > For Kids > CPR: A ... Let's find out how it works. What Is CPR? Cardio means "of the heart " and pulmonary means " ...

  12. Real Property Project Tracking System (RPPTS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — The Real Property Project Tracking System (RPPTS), formerly known as the Lease/Project Tracking (LEASE) database, contains information about lease and land projects...

  13. Nonlinear and Complex Dynamics in Real Systems

    OpenAIRE

    William Barnett; Apostolos Serletis; Demitre Serletis

    2005-01-01

    This paper was produced for the El-Naschie Symposium on Nonlinear Dynamics in Shanghai in December 2005. In this paper we provide a review of the literature with respect to fluctuations in real systems and chaos. In doing so, we contrast the order and organization hypothesis of real systems with nonlinear chaotic dynamics and discuss some techniques used in distinguishing between stochastic and deterministic behavior. Moreover, we look at the issue of where and when the ideas of chaos could p...

  14. Scala for Real-Time Systems?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schoeberl, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Java served well as a general-purpose language. However, during its two decades of constant change it has gotten some weight and legacy in the language syntax and the libraries. Furthermore, Java's success for real-time systems is mediocre. Scala is a modern object-oriented and functional languag...... with interesting new features. Although a new language, it executes on a Java virtual machine, reusing that technology. This paper explores Scala as language for future real-time systems....

  15. Risk management using big real time data

    OpenAIRE

    Cheng, Jie

    2014-01-01

    This thesis focuses on risk management of flight delay area using big real time data. It proposes two different prediction models, one is called General Long Term Departure Prediction Model and the other is named as Improved Real Time Arrival Prediction Model. By studying the main factors lead to flight delay, this thesis takes weather, carrier, National Aviation System, security and previous late aircraft as analysis factors. By utilizing our models can do not only long time b...

  16. The LAA real-time benchmarks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Block, R.K.; Krischer, W.; Lone, S. [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)

    1989-04-01

    In the context of the LAA detector development program a subgroup Real Time Data Processing has tackled the problem of intelligent triggering. The main goal of this group is to show how fast digital devices, implemented as custom-made or commercial processors, can execute some basic algorithms, and how they can be embedded in the data flow between detector readout components and fully programmable commercial processors, which are expected to be the final data processing filter in real time.

  17. On the curvature of the real amoeba

    CERN Document Server

    Passare, Mikael

    2011-01-01

    For a real smooth algebraic curve $A \\subset (\\mathhbb{C}^*)^2$, the amoeba $\\mathcal{A} \\subset \\mathbb{R}^2$ is the image of $A$ under the map Log : $(x,y) \\mapsto (\\log |x|, \\log | y |)$. We describe an universal bound for the total curvature of the real amoeba $\\mathcal{A}_{\\mathbb{R} A}$ and we prove that this bound is reached if and only if the curve $A$ is a simple Harnack curve in the sense of Mikhalkin.

  18. Real variables with basic metric space topology

    CERN Document Server

    Ash, Robert B

    2009-01-01

    Designed for a first course in real variables, this text presents the fundamentals for more advanced mathematical work, particularly in the areas of complex variables, measure theory, differential equations, functional analysis, and probability. Geared toward advanced undergraduate and graduate students of mathematics, it is also appropriate for students of engineering, physics, and economics who seek an understanding of real analysis.The author encourages an intuitive approach to problem solving and offers concrete examples, diagrams, and geometric or physical interpretations of results. Deta

  19. Real estate indicators and financial stability

    OpenAIRE

    Bank for International Settlements

    2005-01-01

    The papers in this volume were presented at a joint conference on Real Estate Indicators and Financial Stability organised by the International Monetary Fund and the Bank for International Settlements in Washington, D.C., on 27-28 October 2003. The purpose of this conference was to discuss and explore the theoretical as well as the practical issues underlying the development and use of real estate indicators in assessing financial stability. A key aspect of the current attention on financial ...

  20. Coinductive Formal Reasoning in Exact Real Arithmetic

    OpenAIRE

    Niqui, Milad

    2008-01-01

    In this article we present a method for formally proving the correctness of the lazy algorithms for computing homographic and quadratic transformations -- of which field operations are special cases-- on a representation of real numbers by coinductive streams. The algorithms work on coinductive stream of M\\"{o}bius maps and form the basis of the Edalat--Potts exact real arithmetic. We use the machinery of the Coq proof assistant for the coinductive types to present the formalisation. The form...

  1. Interferometer real time control development for SIM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Charles E.

    2003-02-01

    Real Time Control (RTC) for the Space Interferometry Mission will build on the real time core interferometer control technology under development at JPL since the mid 1990s, with heritage from the ground based MKII and Palomar Testbed Interferometer projects developed in the late '80s and early '90s. The core software and electronics technology for SIM interferometer real time control is successfully operating on several SIM technology demonstration testbeds, including the Real-time Interferometer Control System Testbed, System Testbed-3, and the Microarcsecond Metrology testbed. This paper provides an overview of the architecture, design, integration, and test of the SIM flight interferometer real time control to meet challenging flight system requirements for the high processor throughput, low-latency interconnect, and precise synchronization to support microarcsecond-level astrometric measurements for greater than five years at 1 AU in Earth-trailing orbit. The electronics and software architecture of the interferometer real time control core and its adaptation to a flight design concept are described. Control loops for pointing and pathlength control within each of four flight interferometers and for coordination of control and data across interferometers are illustrated. The nature of onboard data processing to fit average downlink rates while retaining post-processed astrometric measurement precision and accuracy is also addressed. Interferometer flight software will be developed using a software simulation environment incorporating models of the metrology and starlight sensors and actuators to close the real time control loops. RTC flight software and instrument flight electronics will in turn be integrated utilizing the same simulation architecture for metrology and starlight component models to close real time control loops and verify RTC functionality and performance prior to delivery to flight interferometer system integration at Lockheed Martin

  2. Virtual Betti numbers of real algebraic varieties

    OpenAIRE

    McCrory, Clint; Parusinski, Adam

    2002-01-01

    The weak factorization theorem for birational maps is used to prove that for all nonnegative i the ith mod 2 Betti number of compact nonsingular real algebraic varieties has a unique extension to a "virtual Betti number" beta_i defined for all real algebraic varieties, such that if Y is a closed subvariety of X, then beta_i(X) = beta_i(X\\Y) + beta_i(Y).

  3. Real Time Information Fusion in Military Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Bhagiratharao

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available With the proliferation of sensors on platforms like battle ships and aircraft, the information to be handled by the battlefield commanders has significantly increased in the recent time. From a deluge of information flowing from sensors, the battlefield commander is required to make situation assessment in real-time and take appropriate action. Recent studies by cognitive scientists have indicated that decision making by individuals as well as a team suffer from several biases. For these two reasons, the battlefield commanders need assistance of real-time information fusion systems to take objective assessment of highly dynamic battle situation in real-time information fusion systems to take objective assessment of a highly dynamic battle situation in real-time. The real-time information fusion systems at a single platform level as well as that applicable for geographically distributed platforms is discussed in detail in this paper. It was concluded that by carrying out these activities at the platform level as well as at 'global' level involving several platforms, the limitations in performance of any sensor due to propagation effects or due to enemy counter measures can be significantly minimised or totally eliminated. At the same time the functional effectiveness of each sensor onboard different platforms, becomes better than when it had to operate autonomously within the real-time information fusion facility. By carrying out global real-time information fusion activity in a theatre of war, all the platforms operating in the area will have the benefit of the best sensor in that area on each aspect of the capability. A few examples of real-time information fusion system are also discussed.

  4. Falling real wages during an industrial revolution

    OpenAIRE

    Ciccone, Antonio

    1996-01-01

    The Industrial Revolution was characterized by technological progress and an increasing capital intensity. Why did real wages stagnate or fall in the beginning? I answer this question by modeling the Industrial Revolution as the introduction of a relatively more capital intensive production method in a standard neoclassical framework. I show that {\\sl real wages fall in the beginning of an industrial revolution if and only if technological progress in the relatively more cap...

  5. Real Estate and Capital Gains Debate

    OpenAIRE

    Michael Hudson; Kris Feder

    1997-01-01

    This working paper seeks to elucidate the role of real estate in the capital gains issue, indicating the quantitative orders of magnitude involved. We offer two main observations. First, generous capital consumption allowances (CCAs) greatly magnify the proportion newly constructed buildings, of course, but also on land and old buildings being sold and resold. Our tax code allows for properties to be re- depreciated by their new owners after a sale or swap, permitting real estate investors to...

  6. Bringing More Competition to Real Estate Brokerage

    OpenAIRE

    Gurman, Jesse; Hahn, Robert W.; Litan, Robert E.

    2005-01-01

    This paper provides an economic analysis of the residential real estate brokerage industry. We find that the traditional model for residential real estate brokerage services may be dated, and could be improved substantially with some public policy interventions that spur innovation. We believe that there are numerous barriers to entry that are slowing the emergence of new models for serving consumers. Some of these barriers are likely to be anti-competitive. Examples include discrimination ag...

  7. DO WE HAVE REAL ESTATE FOAMS?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Prop: "The Real Estate industry in Beijing has dept and average 16.3% lever of growth overthe past 5years.Additionally,the investment in real estatemakes up more than 60% of hte annual investment in nonliquid had increased by 9.8%.From the time when Beijinwas chosen to hold hte 2008 Olympic Games,the housingprice ing Beijing has doubled;however,the volume of busimess has already decreased.

  8. REAL TIME WIRELESS AIR POLLUTION MONITORING SYSTEM

    OpenAIRE

    Raja Vara Prasad Y; Mirza Sami Baig; Mishra, Rahul K; Rajalakshmi, P.; U. B. Desai; S. N. Merchant

    2011-01-01

    Air pollution has significant influence on the concentration of constituents in the atmosphere leading to effects like global warming and acid rains. To avoid such adverse imbalances in the nature, an air pollution monitoring system is utmost important. This paper attempts to develop an effective solution for pollution monitoring using wireless sensor networks (WSN) on a real time basis namely real time wireless air pollution monitoring system. Commercially available discrete gas sensors for ...

  9. Real Hypersurfaces of a Complex Projective Space

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Sharief Deshmukh

    2011-05-01

    In this paper, we classify real hypersurfaces in the complex projective space $CP\\frac{n+1}{2}$ whose structure vector field is a -analytic vector field (a notion similar to analytic vector fields on complex manifolds). We also define Jacobi-type vector fields on a Riemannian manifold and classify real hypersurfaces whose structure vector field is a Jacobi-type vector field.

  10. Creating Real-Time Embodied Autonomous Agents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    @@ A challenging research area for computer graphics and virtual environments (VE) is training interpersonal interactions. In such a system, at least one person is the VE participant, while several more virtual human agents (represented by human-like, embodied models) are engaged in activities in the same virtual space. The participants, whether live or virtual, should interact as if all were real. This means that the virtual agents must have several characteristics afforded to real people, including the following:

  11. A monadic, functional implementation of real numbers

    OpenAIRE

    O'Connor, Russell

    2006-01-01

    Large scale real number computation is an essential ingredient in several modern mathematical proofs. Because such lengthy computations cannot be verified by hand, some mathematicians want to use software proof assistants to verify the correctness of these proofs. This paper develops a new implementation of the constructive real numbers and elementary functions for such proofs by using the monad properties of the completion operation on metric spaces. Bishop and Bridges's notion of regular se...

  12. A basic course in real analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Kumar, Ajit

    2014-01-01

    Real Number SystemAlgebra of the Real Number System Upper and Lower Bounds LUB Property and Its Applications Absolute Value and Triangle Inequality Sequences and Their Convergence Sequences and Their Convergence Cauchy Sequences Monotone Sequences Sandwich Lemma Some Important Limits Sequences Diverging to Subsequences Sequences Defined Recursively Continuity Continuous Functions Definition of Continuity Intermediate Value Theorem .Extreme Value Theorem Monotone Functions Limits Uniform Continuity Continuous Extensions Differentiation Differentiability of Functions Mean Value Theorems L'Hospit

  13. MINNESOTA FARM REAL ESTATE SALES: 1990 - PRESENT

    OpenAIRE

    Steven J. TAFF

    2002-01-01

    This publication is a snapshot of the Minnesota Farm Real Estate Sales web site (http://www.apec.umn.edu/faculty/sjtaff/salesstudy) as of May 5, 2002. It will be formally "reissued" (the web site will be recaptured) each Spring, as new sales data become available. We no longer distribute a separate farm real estate report in the Minnesota Agricultural Economist (now the Minnesota Applied Economist). The site consists largely of graphs and tables summarizing sales over the past decade. It prov...

  14. MINNESOTA FARM REAL ESTATE SALES: 1990 - 2002

    OpenAIRE

    Steven J. TAFF

    2003-01-01

    This publication is a snapshot of the Minnesota Farm Real Estate Sales web site (http://www.apec.umn.edu/faculty/sjtaff/salesstudy) as of May 2, 2003. It will be formally "reissued" (the web site will be recaptured) each Spring, as new sales data become available. We no longer distribute a separate farm real estate report in the Minnesota Agricultural Economist (now the Minnesota Applied Economist). The site consists largely of graphs and tables summarizing sales over the past decade. It prov...

  15. Sticky prices and sectoral real exchange rates

    OpenAIRE

    Patrick J. Kehoe; Virgiliu Midrigan

    2007-01-01

    The classic explanation for the persistence and volatility of real exchange rates is that they are the result of nominal shocks in an economy with sticky goods prices. A key implication of this explanation is that if goods have differing degrees of price stickiness then relatively more sticky goods tend to have relatively more persistent and volatile good-level real exchange rates. Using panel data, we find only modest support for these key implications. The predictions of the theory for pers...

  16. Biological Sex Determines Whether Faces Look Real

    OpenAIRE

    Balas, Benjamin

    2013-01-01

    Judging whether a face is real or artificial can be done relatively rapidly and accurately, even when visual information is substantially impoverished. The perception of animacy in the face also has several interesting properties that may reflect both the underlying “tuning” of face space to preferentially represent real face appearance and the diagnosticity of individual features for categorizing faces as animate or inanimate. In the current study, we examined how sex categories interact wit...

  17. Quadratic Interval Refinement for Real Roots

    CERN Document Server

    Abbott, John

    2012-01-01

    We present a new algorithm for refining a real interval containing a single real root: the new method combines characteristics of the classical Bisection algorithm and Newton's Iteration. Our method exhibits quadratic convergence when refining isolating intervals of simple roots of polynomials (and other well-behaved functions). We assume the use of arbitrary precision rational arithmetic. Unlike Newton's Iteration our method does not need to evaluate the derivative.

  18. Benefits of real-time gas management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In today's competitive gas gathering, processing, storage and transportation business environment, the requirements to do business are continually changing. These changes arise from government regulations such as the amendments to the Clean Air Act concerning the environment and FERC Order 636 concerning business practices. Other changes are due to advances in technology such as electronic flow measurement (EFM) and real-time communications capabilities within the gas industry. Gas gathering, processing, storage and transportation companies must be flexible in adapting to these changes to remain competitive. These dynamic requirements can be met with an open, real-time gas management computer information system. Such a system provides flexible services with a variety of software applications. Allocations, nominations management and gas dispatching are examples of applications that are provided on a real-time basis. By providing real-time services, the gas management system enables operations personnel to make timely adjustments within the current accounting period. Benefits realized from implementing a real-time gas management system include reduced unaccountable gas, reduced imbalance penalties, reduced regulatory violations, improved facility operations and better service to customers. These benefits give a company the competitive edge. This article discusses the applications provided, the benefits from implementing a real-time gas management system, and the definition of such a system

  19. Analysis of real-time vibration data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safak, E.

    2005-01-01

    In recent years, a few structures have been instrumented to provide continuous vibration data in real time, recording not only large-amplitude motions generated by extreme loads, but also small-amplitude motions generated by ambient loads. The main objective in continuous recording is to track any changes in structural characteristics, and to detect damage after an extreme event, such as an earthquake or explosion. The Fourier-based spectral analysis methods have been the primary tool to analyze vibration data from structures. In general, such methods do not work well for real-time data, because real-time data are mainly composed of ambient vibrations with very low amplitudes and signal-to-noise ratios. The long duration, linearity, and the stationarity of ambient data, however, allow us to utilize statistical signal processing tools, which can compensate for the adverse effects of low amplitudes and high noise. The analysis of real-time data requires tools and techniques that can be applied in real-time; i.e., data are processed and analyzed while being acquired. This paper presents some of the basic tools and techniques for processing and analyzing real-time vibration data. The topics discussed include utilization of running time windows, tracking mean and mean-square values, filtering, system identification, and damage detection.

  20. 33 CFR 211.1 - Real estate defined.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Real estate defined. 211.1... DEFENSE REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS IN CONNECTION WITH CIVIL WORKS PROJECTS Real Estate; General § 211.1 Real estate defined. The term real estate as used in this part includes...

  1. Picard-Vessiot theory for real partial differential fields

    OpenAIRE

    Crespo, Teresa; Hajto, Zbigniew

    2013-01-01

    We prove the existence of real Picard-Vessiot extensions for real partial differential fields with real closed field of constants. We establish a Galois correspondence theorem for these Picard-Vessiot extensions and characterize real Liouville extensions of real partial differential fields.

  2. Real Gromov-Witten Theory in All Genera and Real Enumerative Geometry, II

    CERN Document Server

    Georgieva, Penka

    2015-01-01

    The first part of this work constructs positive-genus real Gromov-Witten invariants of real-orientable symplectic manifolds of odd "complex" dimensions; the present part focuses on their properties that are essential for actually working with these invariants. We determine the compatibility of the orientations on the moduli spaces of real maps constructed in the first part with the standard node-identifying immersion of Gromov-Witten theory. We also compare these orientations with alternative ways of orienting the moduli spaces of real maps that are available in special cases. In a sequel, we use the properties established in this paper to compare real Gromov-Witten and enumerative invariants, to describe equivariant localization data that computes the real Gromov-Witten invariants of odd-dimensional projective spaces, and to establish vanishing results for these invariants in the spirit of Walcher's predictions.

  3. TRERC-TEA [Texas Real Estate Research Center-Texas Education Agency] Real Estate Curriculum Workshop Committee Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert

    The document contains a summary report of a community college real estate teachers' workshop organized to develop course outlines for the various areas in the real estate curriculum. Curriculum outlines are presented, with varying degrees of detail included, for the following eight subjects: real estate appraisal; real estate brokage; real estate…

  4. Predicting Securitized Real Estate Returns: Financial and Real Estate Factors vs. Economic Variables

    OpenAIRE

    Serrano, Camilo; Hoesli, Martin E.

    2009-01-01

    Securitized real estate returns have traditionally been forecasted using economic variables. However, no consensus exists regarding the variables to use. Financial and real estate factors have recently emerged as an alternative set of variables useful in forecasting securitized real estate returns. This paper examines whether the predictive ability of the two sets of variables differs. We use fractional cointegration analysis to identify whether long-run nonlinear relations exist between secu...

  5. Service Perspective in Real Estate Management - A Study of the Swedish Real Estate Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Palm, P.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the Swedish real estate industries shift towards a service focus. The focus is on how service companies (such as commercial real estate companies) consider their business, if they see themselves as deliverers of a product or service. Design/methodology/approach – The paper discusses the characteristics of the Swedish real estate industry and the relation to the theory of Service dominant logic. The study consist of both an inventory of ann...

  6. REAL TIME SYSTEM OPERATIONS 2006-2007

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eto, Joseph H.; Parashar, Manu; Lewis, Nancy Jo

    2008-08-15

    The Real Time System Operations (RTSO) 2006-2007 project focused on two parallel technical tasks: (1) Real-Time Applications of Phasors for Monitoring, Alarming and Control; and (2) Real-Time Voltage Security Assessment (RTVSA) Prototype Tool. The overall goal of the phasor applications project was to accelerate adoption and foster greater use of new, more accurate, time-synchronized phasor measurements by conducting research and prototyping applications on California ISO's phasor platform - Real-Time Dynamics Monitoring System (RTDMS) -- that provide previously unavailable information on the dynamic stability of the grid. Feasibility assessment studies were conducted on potential application of this technology for small-signal stability monitoring, validating/improving existing stability nomograms, conducting frequency response analysis, and obtaining real-time sensitivity information on key metrics to assess grid stress. Based on study findings, prototype applications for real-time visualization and alarming, small-signal stability monitoring, measurement based sensitivity analysis and frequency response assessment were developed, factory- and field-tested at the California ISO and at BPA. The goal of the RTVSA project was to provide California ISO with a prototype voltage security assessment tool that runs in real time within California ISO?s new reliability and congestion management system. CERTS conducted a technical assessment of appropriate algorithms, developed a prototype incorporating state-of-art algorithms (such as the continuation power flow, direct method, boundary orbiting method, and hyperplanes) into a framework most suitable for an operations environment. Based on study findings, a functional specification was prepared, which the California ISO has since used to procure a production-quality tool that is now a part of a suite of advanced computational tools that is used by California ISO for reliability and congestion management.

  7. State Pension Funds: What is Their Future in Real Estate?

    OpenAIRE

    Clarence C. Elebash; William A. Christianses

    1989-01-01

    This study investigates state pension plan participation in the real estate equity market and pension management attitudes toward the ownership of real estate. A series of hypotheses regarding the motivating factors behind state ownership of real estate equities is investigated.

  8. An Overview of U.S. Farm Real Estate Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Forster, D. Lynn

    2006-01-01

    This paper offers an overview of U.S. farm real estate markets. Major uses of land, location of farm real estate, and ownership patterns are summarized. Characteristics of participants in farm real markets are reviewed. Farm real estate values and rents examined, and factors affecting farm real estate values are reviewed, including the effects of conversion of farm real estate to other uses. Finally, historic returns to farmland owners are summarized.

  9. ESTUDO DE CASO: SUSTENTABILIDADE DO BANCO REAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NOLETO, Caroline Paschoim

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available For some time, the Banco Real has invested in suitability, because it realized the importance of this question to the society. To carry out this work, a bibliographic research was made by the Banco Real about the practices of suitability, through the Report of Suitability in 2005 and 2006, with collection of information ofthe actions carried out and also its results. The results of the research will be presented in several projects carried out by the Banco Real, which show in each action the type of the return obtained during 2005 and 2006. We can conclude that the return obtained is relevant, because beyond the financial benefits conceived by the Program “Amigo Real”, it also has the question of the good image of the Company in the face of the market, due to itsposture. Another big benefit conquered by the adoption of the suitability was the introduction of a system of environmental administration in the home office of the own Bank, in São Paulo, so the Banco Real was contemplated with the ISO 14001.Já há algum tempo, o Banco Real tem investido em sustentabilidade porque percebeu a importância dessa questão para a sociedade. Para realização do trabalho em questão foi feito um levantamentobibliográfico das práticas de sustentabilidade praticadas pelo Banco Real, através do Relatório de Sustentabilidade 2005 e 2006 com coleta de informações das ações realizadas e também os seus resultados. Os resultados da pesquisa foram apresentados em vários projetos realizados pelo Banco Real e que demonstram emcada ação o tipo de retorno obtido durante os anos de 2005 e 2006. Pode-se concluir que o retorno obtido é relevante, pois além dos benefícios financeiros gerados pelo Programa Amigo Real, também tem a questão da boa imagem da Empresa perante o mercado, devido a sua postura. Outro grande benefício conquistado por meio da adoção da sustentabilidade foi à implantação de um sistema de gestão ambiental na sede do pr

  10. Visualization of Real-Time Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stansifer, Ryan; Engrand, Peter

    1996-01-01

    In this project we explored various approaches to presenting real-time data from the numerous systems monitored on the space shuttle to computer users. We examined the approach that several projects at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) used to accomplish this. We undertook to build a prototype system to demonstrate that the Internet and the Java programming language could be used to present the real-time data conveniently. Several Java programs were developed that presented real-time data in different forms including one form that emulated the display screens of the PC GOAL system which is familiar to many at KSC. Also, we developed several communications programs to supply the data continuously. Furthermore, a framework was created using the World Wide Web (WWW) to organize the collection and presentation of the real-time data. We believe our demonstration project shows the great flexibility of the approach. We had no particular use of the data in mind, instead we wanted the most general and the least complex framework possible. People who wish to view data need only know how to use a WWW browser and the address (the URL). People wanting to build WWW documents containing real-time data need only know the values of a few parameters, they do not need to program in Java or any other language. These are stunning advantages over more monolithic systems.

  11. Real-time control software on NSTX

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mastrovito, D. E-mail: dmastrovito@pppl.gov; Ferron, J.; Gates, D.; Gibney, T.; Johnson, R

    2004-06-01

    The National Spherical Tokamak Experiment (NSTX) depends on high speed, real-time control to establish initial magnetic field configurations, drive plasma current, and control plasma position and shape. The control required on NSTX is achieved through the combined efforts of several applications developed collaboratively including the power supply real-time controller (PSRTC) and the plasma control system (PCS). The PSRTC communicates with the PCS receiving from the PCS real-time voltage controls and is responsible for supplying dc power to the NSTX poloidal field, toroidal field and Ohmic heating coils. The PCS, which was designed at general atomics, controls the data acquisition, gas injection, plasma current, and plasma shape, including a real-time EFIT and isoflux algorithm for equilibrium reconstruction. Modular control algorithms, specific to NSTX, were written and incorporated into the PCS. The NSTX control system is equipped with 160 channels of fast real-time data acquisition and eight 333 MHz G4 processors, which perform the supervision, position, shape, and performance control. After a discharge, the acquired data and setup parameters are transferred to an MDSPlus central archive for later inspection and can be used to repeat previous machine configurations.

  12. Scene independent real-time indirect illumination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frisvad, Jeppe Revall; Christensen, Niels Jørgen; Falster, Peter

    2005-01-01

    A novel method for real-time simulation of indirect illumination is presented in this paper. The method, which we call Direct Radiance Mapping (DRM), is based on basal radiance calculations and does not impose any restrictions on scene geometry or dynamics. This makes the method tractable for rea......, which can draw further advantages from upcoming GPU functionalities. The method has been tested for moderately sized scenes with close to real-time frame rates and it scales with interactive frame rates for more complex scenes.......-time rendering of arbitrary dynamic environments and for interactive preview of feature animations. Through DRM we simulate two diffuse reflections of light, but can also, in combination with traditional real-time methods for specular reflections, simulate more complex light paths. DRM is a GPU-based method...

  13. Deterministic Real-time Thread Scheduling

    CERN Document Server

    Yun, Heechul; Sha, Lui

    2011-01-01

    Race condition is a timing sensitive problem. A significant source of timing variation comes from nondeterministic hardware interactions such as cache misses. While data race detectors and model checkers can check races, the enormous state space of complex software makes it difficult to identify all of the races and those residual implementation errors still remain a big challenge. In this paper, we propose deterministic real-time scheduling methods to address scheduling nondeterminism in uniprocessor systems. The main idea is to use timing insensitive deterministic events, e.g, an instruction counter, in conjunction with a real-time clock to schedule threads. By introducing the concept of Worst Case Executable Instructions (WCEI), we guarantee both determinism and real-time performance.

  14. Coinductive Formal Reasoning in Exact Real Arithmetic

    CERN Document Server

    Niqui, Milad

    2008-01-01

    In this article we present a method for formally proving the correctness of the lazy algorithms for computing homographic and quadratic transformations -- of which field operations are special cases-- on a representation of real numbers by coinductive streams. The algorithms work on coinductive stream of M\\"obius maps and form the basis of the Edalat--Potts exact real arithmetic. We use the machinery of the Coq proof assistant for the coinductive types to present the formalisation. The formalised algorithms are only partially productive, i.e., they do not output provably infinite streams for all possible inputs. We show how to deal with this partiality in the presence of syntactic restrictions posed by the constructive type theory of Coq. Furthermore we show that the type theoretic techniques that we develop are compatible with the semantics of the algorithms as continuous maps on real numbers. The resulting Coq formalisation is available for public download.

  15. Durham adaptive optics real-time controller.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basden, Alastair; Geng, Deli; Myers, Richard; Younger, Eddy

    2010-11-10

    The Durham adaptive optics (AO) real-time controller was initially a proof of concept design for a generic AO control system. It has since been developed into a modern and powerful central-processing-unit-based real-time control system, capable of using hardware acceleration (including field programmable gate arrays and graphical processing units), based primarily around commercial off-the-shelf hardware. It is powerful enough to be used as the real-time controller for all currently planned 8 m class telescope AO systems. Here we give details of this controller and the concepts behind it, and report on performance, including latency and jitter, which is less than 10 μs for small AO systems.

  16. Real Business-cycle Model with Habits

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Khorunzhina, Natalia

    2015-01-01

    but more persistent habit in consumption. Intratemporal nonseparabilities in consumption and leisure play an important role in driving the response of real variables to a productivity shock. Adding capital adjustment costs to the model with nonseparabilities in consumption and leisure and external habits...... both in consumption and leisure changes the responses of real variables to a productivity shock, however, in a way similar to that documented for the models with capital adjustment costs and habit formation in consumption. The estimated persistence of the productivity shock is quite modest, which may......This paper empirically investigates the ability of a real business-cycle model with nonseparabilities in consumption and leisure and external habits both in consumption and leisure to fit the postwar US data. The results indicate a strong but fast-dying habit in leisure, and a somewhat weaker...

  17. Real-Time Visualization of Tissue Ischemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bearman, Gregory H. (Inventor); Chrien, Thomas D. (Inventor); Eastwood, Michael L. (Inventor)

    2000-01-01

    A real-time display of tissue ischemia which comprises three CCD video cameras, each with a narrow bandwidth filter at the correct wavelength is discussed. The cameras simultaneously view an area of tissue suspected of having ischemic areas through beamsplitters. The output from each camera is adjusted to give the correct signal intensity for combining with, the others into an image for display. If necessary a digital signal processor (DSP) can implement algorithms for image enhancement prior to display. Current DSP engines are fast enough to give real-time display. Measurement at three, wavelengths, combined into a real-time Red-Green-Blue (RGB) video display with a digital signal processing (DSP) board to implement image algorithms, provides direct visualization of ischemic areas.

  18. RTMOD: Real-Time MODel evaluation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Graziani, G.; Galmarini, S.; Mikkelsen, Torben

    2000-01-01

    ETEX project that involved about 50 models run in several Institutes around the world to simulate two real tracer releases involving a large part of the European territory. In the preliminary phase ofETEX, three dry runs (i.e. simulations in real-time of fictitious releases) were carried out...... predictions at the nodes of a regular grid with 0.5degrees of resolution both in latitude and in longitude, the domain grid extending from 5W to 40E, and 40N to 65N. Hypothetical releases were notified around the world to the 28 model forecasters via the web on a one-day warning in advance. They thenaccessed...... would be recalculated to include the influence by all available predictions. The new web-based RTMOD concept has proven useful as a practical decision-making tool for real-time communicationbetween dispersion modellers around the World and for fast and standardised information exchange on the most...

  19. Where Is the Real Cheese? Young Children's Ability to Discriminate between Real and Pretend Acts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Lili; Lillard, Angeline S.

    2006-01-01

    This study examined 2- to 3-year-olds' ability to make a pretend-real distinction in the absence of content cues. Children watched two actors side by side. One was really eating, and the other was pretending to eat, but in neither case was information about content available. Following the displays, children were asked to retrieve the real food…

  20. Diferentes construcciones del número real

    OpenAIRE

    Calderón Ramos, Néstor Octavio

    2014-01-01

    En este trabajo se hace una revisión histórica de la construcción rigurosa del número real, en particular en los trabajos de Richard Dedekind cuando definió los números reales a través de cortaduras y Georg Cantor cuando lo hizo a través de sucesiones de Cauchy e intervalos encajados. Se utiliza estas construcciones para plantear una propuesta didáctica que permita a los estudiantes de grado once de la educación media, diferenciar los números racionales de los números irracionales

  1. e-REAL: Enhanced Reality Lab

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Salvetti

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available e-REAL - enhanced reality lab - is a fully-immersive and multitasking environment, designed to experience challenging situations in a group setting, engaging all participants simultaneously on different levels: with peers, thematic experts and learning facilitators, both on site and remotely. e-REAL is a lab based on visual thinking and knowledge visualization, facilitated by enhanced (or augmented reality tools. It is a highly interactive and face-to-face lab that promotes proactive data and information research (everything is available, but learners have to actively look for it - allowing knowledge sharing with remote teams and integrating training on soft skills with those that are technical and specialized.

  2. Scalar Dark Matter: Real vs Complex

    CERN Document Server

    Wu, Hongyan

    2016-01-01

    We update the parameter spaces for both a real and complex scalar dark matter via the Higgs portal. In the light of constraints arising from the LUX 2016 data, the latest Higgs invisible decay and the gamma ray spectrum, the dark matter mass region is further restricted to a narrow window between $54-62.2$ GeV in both cases, and it is excluded up to 660 GeV and 2800 GeV for the real and complex scalar, respectively.

  3. Machine vision for real time orbital operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinz, Frank L.

    1988-01-01

    Machine vision for automation and robotic operation of Space Station era systems has the potential for increasing the efficiency of orbital servicing, repair, assembly and docking tasks. A machine vision research project is described in which a TV camera is used for inputing visual data to a computer so that image processing may be achieved for real time control of these orbital operations. A technique has resulted from this research which reduces computer memory requirements and greatly increases typical computational speed such that it has the potential for development into a real time orbital machine vision system. This technique is called AI BOSS (Analysis of Images by Box Scan and Syntax).

  4. Object detection in real-time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solder, Ulrich; Graefe, Volker

    1991-03-01

    An algorithm working on monocular gray-scale image sequences for object detection combined with a road tracker is presented. This algorithm appropriate for the real-time demands of an autonomous car driving with speeds over 40 km/h may be used for triggering obstacle avoidance maneuvers such as coming to a safe stop automatically in front of an obstacle or following another car. Moving and static objects have been detected in real-world experiments on various types of roads even under unfavorable weather conditions. . Morgenthaler and

  5. The Performance of Real Estate Activities

    OpenAIRE

    Grauzľová, Žaneta

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to define problems in the field of real-estate activities related to business ethics, to explore causes of their origin and to search for possible solutions to improve the present condition. We will get acquainted with the conception of business ethics, their history, place of origin, driving motives and we will learn what the most widely used instruments of business ethics are. This work is dedicated especially to those problems of the Czech real-estate market which...

  6. Real analysis and probability solutions to problems

    CERN Document Server

    Ash, Robert P

    1972-01-01

    Real Analysis and Probability: Solutions to Problems presents solutions to problems in real analysis and probability. Topics covered range from measure and integration theory to functional analysis and basic concepts of probability; the interplay between measure theory and topology; conditional probability and expectation; the central limit theorem; and strong laws of large numbers in terms of martingale theory.Comprised of eight chapters, this volume begins with problems and solutions for the theory of measure and integration, followed by various applications of the basic integration theory.

  7. Interactions Between Real and Virtual Spacetimes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Javadi, Hossein; Forouzbakhsh, Farshid

    2014-01-01

    Here arise the problems of modern physics that theories at the quantum scales have been discontinued. Therefore we should pass through the quantum scales and review phenomena at the sub quantum levels. The question is where to enter the sub quantum levels? Answer is; open a new window for massive....... In this article, we analyzed that c is the edge of visible and invisible particles such as virtual photons and graviton. It leads us passing the real spacetime and enter into the virtual spacetime and describe interactions between real spacetime and virtual spacetime and reach to non-obvious space....

  8. Real analysis modern techniques and their applications

    CERN Document Server

    Folland, Gerald B

    1999-01-01

    An in-depth look at real analysis and its applications-now expanded and revised.This new edition of the widely used analysis book continues to cover real analysis in greater detail and at a more advanced level than most books on the subject. Encompassing several subjects that underlie much of modern analysis, the book focuses on measure and integration theory, point set topology, and the basics of functional analysis. It illustrates the use of the general theories and introduces readers to other branches of analysis such as Fourier analysis, distribution theory, and probability theory.This edi

  9. Capital Account Liberalization, Real Wages, and Productivity

    OpenAIRE

    Peter Blair Henry; Diego Sasson

    2008-01-01

    For three years after the typical developing country opens its stock market to inflows of foreign capital, the average annual growth rate of the real wage in the manufacturing sector increases by a factor of seven. No such increase occurs in a control group of developing countries. The temporary increase in the growth rate of the real wage permanently drives up the level of average annual compensation for each worker in the sample by 752 US dollars -- an increase equal to more than a quarter ...

  10. Real-use evaluation of effects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Jesper; Hertzum, Morten

    2012-01-01

    Embracing real use in an iterative approach calls for systematic formative evaluation. Effects-driven IT Development has been suggested as a way of supporting a Participatory Design (PD) process involving implementations that expose mature prototypes to real work practices. This is followed...... by evaluations of how specified and desired effects are obtained. We present results from a project where high-level political goals ('More Warm Hands'; i.e., clinicians spending more time at the patient bedside) are aligned with the local clinical organization and practice. We demonstrate how to combine...

  11. MINIX4RT: Real-time Semaphores

    OpenAIRE

    Pessolani, Pablo Andrés

    2008-01-01

    MINIX4RT es una extensión del conocido Sistema Operativo MINIX que incorpora servicios de Tiempo Real Estricto en un nuevo microkernel pero manteniendo compatibilidad con las versiones anteriores del MINIX estándar. Los semáforos son el mecanismo primitivo para la sincronización y exclusion mutua en varios sistemas operativos, pero MINIX no brinda esa facilidad. Se adicionaron semáforos a MINIX4RT y, como éste es un Sistema Operativo de Tiempo Real, deben reunir ciertos requisitos de procesam...

  12. Mode stability on the real axis

    CERN Document Server

    Andersson, Lars; Paganini, Claudio; Whiting, Bernard F

    2016-01-01

    A generalization of the mode stability result of Whiting (1989) for the Teukolsky equation is proved for the case of real frequencies. The main result of the paper states that a separated solution of the Teukolsky equation governing massless test fields on the Kerr spacetime, which is purely outgoing at infinity, and purely ingoing at the horizon, must vanish. This has the consequence, that for real frequencies, there are linearly independent fundamental solutions of the radial Teukolsky equation which are purely ingoing at the horizon, and purely outgoing at infinity, respectively. This fact yields a representation formula for solutions of the inhomogenous Teukolsky equation.

  13. Real Estate Investment in Sabah, East Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Chok, Vui Shung

    2008-01-01

    Executive Summary Investing in real estate is one of the best means of maximizing ones wealth. An individual can use a property as leverage and hedge it against inflation. Most people invest in this asset class as it is a norm for a property to appreciate at the rate of 5-6% annually, and some even more in places where housing in short supply. This dissertation will evaluate specifically on real estate investment in the state of Sabah, East Malaysia. The chapters begin by providi...

  14. Real-time systems scheduling 2 focuses

    CERN Document Server

    Chetto, Maryline

    2014-01-01

    Real-time systems are used in a wide range of applications, including control, sensing, multimedia, etc. Scheduling is a central problem for these computing/communication systems since it is responsible for software execution in a timely manner. This book, the second of two volumes on the subject, brings together knowledge on specific topics and discusses the recent advances for some of them.  It addresses foundations as well as the latest advances and findings in real-time scheduling, giving comprehensive references to important papers, but the chapters are short and not overloaded with co

  15. Real economic activity and accounting information in Spanish construction and real estate firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Navarro-García

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work is to determine whether the accounting information provided by construction and real estate firms in Spain reflects the real economic activity, during upswings and downturns. A relationship is found between economic conditions and financial reporting in a continental European country such as Spain. Although there is a relationship between real housing price growth and financial accounting measures, real estate companies seem to show an artificial position, since they only present a relationship with Return on Assets (ROA based on low quality income (accruals. Therefore, a different financial position influences a different behaviour in these two similar sectors. In fact, some signs alerting of possible risk in real estate firms are shown.

  16. A model of real estate and psychological factors in decision-making to buy real estate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bojan Grum

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the psychological characteristics of potential real estate buyers connected with their decision to buy. Through a review of research, it reveals that most studies of psychological factors in the decision to buy real estate have a partial and dispersed orientation, and examine individual factors independently. It appears that the research area is lacking clearly defined models of psychological factors in the decision to buy real estate that would integrally and relationally explain the role of psychological characteristics of real estate buyers and their expectations in relation to a decision to buy. The article identifies two sets of psychological factors, motivational and emotional, determines their interaction with potential buyers’ expectations when deciding to purchase real estate and offers starting points for forming a model.

  17. Why Real Estate Makes Sense for Endowments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiser, Arthur G., Jr.

    1985-01-01

    Attributes of real estate that make it a desirable investment for institutional endowment funds include the uniqueness of each property, its function as a hedge against inflation, its function in stabilizing portfolio volatility, and the potential for income and diversification. (MSE)

  18. Students Dig for Real School Gardens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reeves, Lacey; Emeagwali, N. Susan

    2010-01-01

    There's a lot of talk about saving the environment and going green these days. But the challenge is to turn the words into action, and that includes getting young students to become part of the discussion about sustainability. The Texas-based Rainwater Environmental Alliance for Learning (REAL) School Gardens is cultivating success by providing…

  19. Advances in Real-Time Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Chakraborty, Samarjit

    2012-01-01

    This volume contains the lectures given in honor to Georg Farber as tribute to his contributions in the area of real-time and embedded systems. The chapters of many leading scientists cover a wide range of aspects, like robot or automotive vision systems or medical aspects.

  20. Real-Life Contextual Manifestations of Wisdom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Shih-Ying

    2008-01-01

    Wisdom pertains to managing human affairs, and it arises in highly contextualized situations. The present study aims to investigate manifestations of wisdom in real-life contexts through semi-structured interviews with 66 individuals nominated as wise persons. All nominees were ethnic Chinese from Taiwan, an East Asian country which has…

  1. The Cluster Enterprise of Real Property Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stubkjær, Erik

    2008-01-01

    In order to apply the potential of available web technology, business processes must be described in a coherent way across organizational boundaries. Business processes include geographical data in the context of constructions, as well as environmental affairs and real property transactions, amon...

  2. Wormhole geometry from real feasible matter sources

    OpenAIRE

    Rahaman, F.; Kalam, M.; Rahman, K. A.

    2008-01-01

    We provide a prescription of real feasible sources that supply fuel to construct a traversable wormhole. A class of exact solutions for Einstein-Maxwell field equations describing wormhole with an anisotropic matter distribution has been presented. The anisotropy plays a crucial role for the existence of the spacetime comprising wormhole geometry.

  3. Real estate prices and bank stability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koetter, Michael; Poghosyan, Tigran

    2010-01-01

    Real estate prices can deviate from their fundamental value due to rigid supply, heterogeneity in quality, and various market imperfections, which have two contrasting effects on bank stability. Higher prices increase the value of collateral and net wealth of borrowers and thus reduce the likelihood

  4. Accounting costs of transactions in real estate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stubkjær, Erik

    2005-01-01

    in relating theoretical conceptualizations of transaction costs to national accounting and further to the identification and quantification of actions on units of real estate. The notion of satellite accounting of the System of National Accounts is applied to the segment of society concerned with changes...

  5. REAL ROOT ISOLATION OF SPLINE FUNCTIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Renhong Wang; Jinming Wu

    2008-01-01

    In this paper,we propose an algorithm for isolating real roots of a given univariate spline function,which is based on the use of Descartes' rule of signs and de Casteljau algorithm.Numerical examples illustrate the flexibility and effectiveness of the algorithm.

  6. Autopsies of the real: Resurrecting the dead

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valis, Noël

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The sense of the real, or the material—the dead body—as an inextricable part of the sacred does not disappear in the secular environment of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. This article analyzes specific humanitarian narratives centered on the practice of autopsy and mummification, in which the traces of Catholicism act as a kind of spectral discourse of the imagination, where the real is configured in forms of the uncanny, the monstrous or the sacred.

    El sentido de lo real, de lo material —el cuerpo sin vida— como una inextricable parte de lo sagrado, no desaparece del ambiente secular de los siglos XIX y XX. En los relatos analizados en este artículo se estudia cómo en determinadas narrativas humanitarias centradas en la práctica de la autopsia y la momificación, las huellas del catolicismo actúan como una suerte de discurso espectral de la imaginación, en que lo real se configura en formas de lo siniestro, lo monstruoso o lo sagrado.

  7. Expansion of real numbers by algebraic numbers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaneko, Hajime

    2008-01-01

    In this paper we represent the fractional part of ξαn, where ξ is a nonzero real number and α is an algebraic number. By using this representation, we give new lower bounds for the distance from ξαn to the nearest integer.

  8. Research into real-option evaluation method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As an evaluational method for valuation of a corporation, an investment project, a research and development, or the evaluation technique of an enterprise strategy, a real option analysis attracts attention instead of conventional Discount Cash Flow method. The reason is that it can divert the technique for the option valuation in financial engineering to the decision-making process performed according to change in investment environment. Related references, the analysis tools, the application examples, etc. were investigated about the decision-making technique using real option analysis, and this investigation considered the application method to decision-making of the research and development at Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute. Consequently, since the feature is in real option analysis being the evaluation technique on condition of that business conditions and business itself also change, the real option analysis fits for evaluation of a research and development that business conditions were opaque and it turns out that the businesses are highly flexible. Moreover, it turns out that it fits also for evaluation of a capital concentration type investment issue like power plants. (author)

  9. The Decimal Representation of Real Numbers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalapodi, A.

    2010-01-01

    The representation of natural numbers in decimal form is an unequivocal procedure while for the representation of real numbers some ambiguities concerning the existence of infinitely many digits equal to 9 still emerge. One of the most frequently confronted misunderstandings is whether 0.999...equals 1 or not, and if not what number does this…

  10. Real and Artificial Differential Item Functioning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrich, David; Hagquist, Curt

    2012-01-01

    The literature in modern test theory on procedures for identifying items with differential item functioning (DIF) among two groups of persons includes the Mantel-Haenszel (MH) procedure. Generally, it is not recognized explicitly that if there is real DIF in some items which favor one group, then as an artifact of this procedure, artificial DIF…

  11. Solar neutrinos: Real-time experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Totsuka, Yoji

    1993-04-01

    This report outlines the principle of real-time solar neutrino detection experiments by detecting electrons with suitable target material, via Charged-Current (CC) reaction using conventional counting techniques developed in high-energy physics. Only B-8 neutrinos can be detected by minimum detectable energy of several MeV. The MSW (Mikheyev, Smirnov, Wolfenstein) effect not only distorts the energy spectrum but also induces new type of neutrinos, i.e. mu-neutrinos or tau-neutrinos. These neutrinos do not participate in the CC reaction. Therefore real-time experiment is to be sensitive to Neutral Current (NC) reactions. It is a challenge to eliminate environment background as much as possible and to lower the minimum detectable energy to several 100 keV, which will enable observation of Be-7 neutrinos. Target particles of real-time experiments currently running and under construction or planning are electron, deuteron, or argon. The relevant reactions corresponding to CC reaction and some relevant comments on the following targets are described: (1) electron target; (2) deuteron target; and (3) argon target. On-going experiment and future experiments for real-time neutron detection are also outlined.

  12. Refactoring Real-Time Java Profiles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergaard, Hans; Thomsen, Bent; Ravn, Anders Peter;

    2011-01-01

    Just like other software, Java profiles benefits from refactoring when they have been used and have evolved for some time. This paper presents a refactoring of the Real-Time Specification for Java (RTSJ) and the Safety Critical Java (SCJ) profile (JSR-302). It highlights core concepts and makes...

  13. Real Estate Curriculum for Community Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Robert W.

    The Oregon Department of Education has prepared this curriculum guide to assist community college personnel in developing or upgrading real estate programs. This fast-growing field has demanded that community colleges analyze the course content of such programs so that they are relevant to the actual needs of the industry. An Advisory Committee…

  14. Get Real: Augmented Reality for the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Rebecca; DeBay, Dennis

    2012-01-01

    Kids love augmented reality (AR) simulations because they are like real-life video games. AR simulations allow students to learn content while collaborating face to face and interacting with a multimedia-enhanced version of the world around them. Although the technology may seem advanced, AR software makes it easy to develop content-based…

  15. Predicting Complexity Perception of Real World Images.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corchs, Silvia Elena; Ciocca, Gianluigi; Bricolo, Emanuela; Gasparini, Francesca

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this work is to predict the complexity perception of real world images. We propose a new complexity measure where different image features, based on spatial, frequency and color properties are linearly combined. In order to find the optimal set of weighting coefficients we have applied a Particle Swarm Optimization. The optimal linear combination is the one that best fits the subjective data obtained in an experiment where observers evaluate the complexity of real world scenes on a web-based interface. To test the proposed complexity measure we have performed a second experiment on a different database of real world scenes, where the linear combination previously obtained is correlated with the new subjective data. Our complexity measure outperforms not only each single visual feature but also two visual clutter measures frequently used in the literature to predict image complexity. To analyze the usefulness of our proposal, we have also considered two different sets of stimuli composed of real texture images. Tuning the parameters of our measure for this kind of stimuli, we have obtained a linear combination that still outperforms the single measures. In conclusion our measure, properly tuned, can predict complexity perception of different kind of images.

  16. Real Otto and Diesel Engine Cycles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giedd, Ronald

    1983-01-01

    A thermodynamic analysis of the properties of otto/diesel engines during the time they operate with open chambers illustrates applicability of thermodynamics to real systems, demonstrates how delivered power is controlled, and explains the source of air pollution in terms of thermodynamic laws. (Author/JN)

  17. The homogeneous geometries of real hyperbolic space

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Castrillón López, Marco; Gadea, Pedro Martínez; Swann, Andrew Francis

    We describe the holonomy algebras of all canonical connections of homogeneous structures on real hyperbolic spaces in all dimensions. The structural results obtained then lead to a determination of the types, in the sense of Tricerri and Vanhecke, of the corresponding homogeneous tensors. We use ...

  18. Managing Multiple Goals in Real Learning Contexts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansfield, Caroline F.

    2009-01-01

    Understanding students' multiple goals in real learning contexts is an emerging area of importance for educators and researchers investigating student motivation in classrooms. This qualitative study conducted over an academic year investigates the multiple goals articulated by seven 11-year-old students and explores relationships between goals…

  19. Feedback as Real-Time Constructions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keiding, Tina Bering; Qvortrup, Ane

    2014-01-01

    This article offers a re-description of feedback and the significance of time in feedback constructions based on systems theory. It describes feedback as internal, real-time constructions in a learning system. From this perspective, feedback is neither immediate nor delayed, but occurs in the very moment it takes place. This article argues for a…

  20. MOOCs: Let's Get Real

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reeves, Thomas C.; Hedberg, John G.

    2014-01-01

    Rising costs, perceived declining value, and weak evidence of quality outcomes bedevil contemporary higher education. One innovation intended to address these problems is the Massive Open Online Course (MOOC). This article recommends that the educational technology community and others get REAL about MOOCs by focusing more serious effort on…

  1. Predicting Complexity Perception of Real World Images.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corchs, Silvia Elena; Ciocca, Gianluigi; Bricolo, Emanuela; Gasparini, Francesca

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this work is to predict the complexity perception of real world images. We propose a new complexity measure where different image features, based on spatial, frequency and color properties are linearly combined. In order to find the optimal set of weighting coefficients we have applied a Particle Swarm Optimization. The optimal linear combination is the one that best fits the subjective data obtained in an experiment where observers evaluate the complexity of real world scenes on a web-based interface. To test the proposed complexity measure we have performed a second experiment on a different database of real world scenes, where the linear combination previously obtained is correlated with the new subjective data. Our complexity measure outperforms not only each single visual feature but also two visual clutter measures frequently used in the literature to predict image complexity. To analyze the usefulness of our proposal, we have also considered two different sets of stimuli composed of real texture images. Tuning the parameters of our measure for this kind of stimuli, we have obtained a linear combination that still outperforms the single measures. In conclusion our measure, properly tuned, can predict complexity perception of different kind of images. PMID:27336469

  2. Acquisitions and Real Options : The Greenfield Alternative

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brouthers, Keith D.; Dikova, Desislava

    2010-01-01

    P>Although acquisitions are a popular way to enter new markets, empirical evidence tends to indicate few benefits accrue to acquiring firms. This might be the case because firms use acquisitions when they should be employing an alternative mode of expansion. Applying real options theory to this issu

  3. [Real-time ultrasonography in neonatal diagnosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nogués, A; Morales, A; Munguía, C; Pagola, C; Arena, J

    1982-11-01

    Real time ultrasonography is a diagnostic technique very widely used in pediatrics and with specific applications in neonatology. Bedside its use in Neonatal I.C.U. it has many interesting aspects for intraabdominal and intracranial pathology. In some particular conditions this procedure can be the first diagnostic tool. Conventional X-rays can be performed after sonographic data have been analyzed. PMID:7168508

  4. BIVARIATE REAL-VALUED ORTHOGONAL PERIODIC WAVELETS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiang Li; Xuezhang Liang

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, we construct a kind of bivariate real-valued orthogonal periodic wavelets. The corresponding decomposition and reconstruction algorithms involve only 8 terms respectively which are very simple in practical computation. Moreover, the relation between periodic wavelets and Fourier series is also discussed.

  5. Compiling models into real-time systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents an architecture for building real-time systems from models, and model-compiling techniques. This has been applied for building a real-time model-base monitoring system for nuclear plants, called KSE, which is currently being used in two plants in France. We describe how we used various artificial intelligence techniques for building it: a model-based approach, a logical model of its operation, a declarative implementation of these models, and original knowledge-compiling techniques for automatically generating the real-time expert system from those models. Some of those techniques have just been borrowed from the literature, but we had to modify or invent other techniques which simply did not exist. We also discuss two important problems, which are often underestimated in the artificial intelligence literature: size, and errors. Our architecture, which could be used in other applications, combines the advantages of the model-based approach with the efficiency requirements of real-time applications, while in general model-based approaches present serious drawbacks on this point

  6. Compiling models into real-time systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents an architecture for building real-time systems from models, and model-compiling techniques. This has been applied for building a real-time model-based monitoring system for nuclear plants, called KSE, which is currently being used in two plants in France. We describe how we used various artificial intelligence techniques for building it: a model-based approach, a logical model of its operation, a declarative implementation of these models, and original knowledge-compiling techniques for automatically generating the real-time expert system from those models. Some of those techniques have just been borrowed from the literature, but we had to modify or invent other techniques which simply did not exist. We also discuss two important problems, which are often underestimated in the artificial intelligence literature: size, and errors. Our architecture, which could be used in other applications, combines the advantages of the model-based approach with the efficiency requirements of real-time applications, while in general model-based approaches present serious drawbacks on this point

  7. Large Devaluations and the Real Exchange Rate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burstein, Ariel; Eichenbaum, Martin; Rebelo, Sergio

    2005-01-01

    In this paper we argue that the primary force behind the large drop in real exchange rates that occurs after large devaluations is the slow adjustment in the prices of nontradable goods and services. Our empirical analysis uses data from five large devaluation episodes: Argentina (2002), Brazil (1999), Korea (1997), Mexico (1994), and Thailand…

  8. Non-Anomalous Semigroups and Real Numbers

    OpenAIRE

    Binder, Damon

    2016-01-01

    Motivated by intuitive properties of physical quantities, the notion of a non-anomalous semigroup is formulated. These are totally ordered semigroups where there are no `infinitesimally close' elements. The real numbers are then defined as the terminal object in a closely related category. From this definition a field structure on $\\mathbb R$ is derived, relating multiplication to morphisms between non-anomalous semigroups.

  9. On some generalizations of real numbers representations

    OpenAIRE

    Serbenyuk, Symon

    2016-01-01

    The article is devoted to introduce and investigation of new numeral systems. These representations are generalizations of classical representations of real numbers. The main properties of investigating representations are described. The results are represented in International Conference of Yung Mathematicians, June 3-6, 2015, Kyiv.

  10. Real Time Grid Reliability Management 2005

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eto, Joe; Eto, Joe; Lesieutre, Bernard; Lewis, Nancy Jo; Parashar, Manu

    2008-07-07

    The increased need to manage California?s electricity grid in real time is a result of the ongoing transition from a system operated by vertically-integrated utilities serving native loads to one operated by an independent system operator supporting competitive energy markets. During this transition period, the traditional approach to reliability management -- construction of new transmission lines -- has not been pursued due to unresolved issues related to the financing and recovery of transmission project costs. In the absence of investments in new transmission infrastructure, the best strategy for managing reliability is to equip system operators with better real-time information about actual operating margins so that they can better understand and manage the risk of operating closer to the edge. A companion strategy is to address known deficiencies in offline modeling tools that are needed to ground the use of improved real-time tools. This project: (1) developed and conducted first-ever demonstrations of two prototype real-time software tools for voltage security assessment and phasor monitoring; and (2) prepared a scoping study on improving load and generator response models. Additional funding through two separate subsequent work authorizations has already been provided to build upon the work initiated in this project.

  11. The Real World Significance of Performance Prediction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pardos, Zachary A.; Wang, Qing Yang; Trivedi, Shubhendu

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, the educational data mining and user modeling communities have been aggressively introducing models for predicting student performance on external measures such as standardized tests as well as within-tutor performance. While these models have brought statistically reliable improvement to performance prediction, the real world…

  12. Ray Tracing for Real-time Games

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bikker, J.

    2012-01-01

    This thesis describes efficient rendering algorithms based on ray tracing, and the application of these algorithms to real-time games. Compared to rasterizationbased approaches, rendering based on ray tracing allows elegant and correct simulation of important global effects, such as shadows, reflect

  13. Real-Time Blackboards For Sensor Fusions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Donald H.; Shaw, Scott W.; Reynolds, Steven; Himayat, Nageen

    1989-09-01

    Multi-sensor fusion, at the most basic level, can be cast into a concise, elegant model. Reality demands, however, that this model be modified and augmented. These modifications often result in software systems that are confusing in function and difficult to debug. This problem can be ameliorated by adopting an object-oriented, data-flow programming style. For real-time applications, this approach simplifies data communications and storage management. The concept of object-oriented, data-flow programming is conveniently embodied in the black-board style of software architecture. Blackboard systems allow diverse programs access to a central data base. When the blackboard is described as an object, it can be distributed over multiple processors for real-time applications. Choosing the appropriate parallel architecture is the subject of ongoing research. A prototype blackboard has been constructed to fuse optical image regions and Doppler radar events. The system maintains tracks of simulated targets in real time. The results of this simulation have been used to direct further research on real-time blackboard systems.

  14. Real-Time Thevenin Impedance Computation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sommer, Stefan Horst; Jóhannsson, Hjörtur

    2013-01-01

    Stable and secure operation of power systems becomes increasingly difficult when a large share of the power production is based on distributed and non-controllable renewable energy sources. Real-time stability assessment is dependent on very fast computation of different properties of the grid...

  15. Some "Real" Problems of "Virtual" Organisation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, John A.; O'Brien, Jon; Randall, Dave; Rouncefield, Mark; Tolmie, Peter

    2001-01-01

    An ethnographic study of organizational change in a bank considered issues surrounding virtual teamwork in virtual organizations. Problems in communication, management control, and approach to customer service were found. An underlying cause is that "virtual" work involves "real" customers, workers, and problems. (Contains 36 references.) (SK)

  16. Oversampling of wavelet frames for real dilations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bownik, Marcin; Lemvig, Jakob

    2012-01-01

    We generalize the Second Oversampling Theorem for wavelet frames and dual wavelet frames from the setting of integer dilations to real dilations. We also study the relationship between dilation matrix oversampling of semi-orthogonal Parseval wavelet frames and the additional shift invariance gain...

  17. Endangered Species: Real Life in Two Dimensions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, Lynette K.

    2012-01-01

    The focus of "Endangered Species: Real Life in Two Dimensions" is to create awareness about a critical environmental issue. There is a special urgency to this project because large numbers of animal species are currently endangered or on the brink of extinction. In addition to being enlightened about this important topic through research, students…

  18. Using Story Jokes for Real Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeFelice, William

    2012-01-01

    Teaching in a monolingual/monocultural, non-English speaking environment can at times be frustrating. Teachers want their students to genuinely communicate with each other in socially acceptable ways, and at the same time become more aware of cultural traits. What is needed in a classroom is a reaction that is real because it is spontaneous. This…

  19. Project Management in Real Time: A Service-Learning Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson, Erik; Drexler, John A., Jr.

    2010-01-01

    This article describes a service-learning assignment for a project management course. It is designed to facilitate hands-on student learning of both the technical and the interpersonal aspects of project management, and it involves student engagement with real customers and real stakeholders in the creation of real events with real outcomes. As…

  20. 33 CFR 211.22 - Real estate Claims Officers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Real estate Claims Officers. 211..., DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS IN CONNECTION WITH CIVIL WORKS PROJECTS Real Estate Claims § 211.22 Real estate Claims Officers. In each Division Office the...

  1. 32 CFR 644.30 - Preliminary real estate work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Preliminary real estate work. 644.30 Section 644.30 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) REAL PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Project Planning Military (army and Air Force) and Other Federal Agencies § 644.30 Preliminary real estate work....

  2. 12 CFR 541.21 - Nonresidential real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nonresidential real estate. 541.21 Section 541.21 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY DEFINITIONS FOR REGULATIONS AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.21 Nonresidential real estate. The terms nonresidential real estate or nonresidential real...

  3. 33 CFR 211.2 - Authority to acquire real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Authority to acquire real estate..., DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS IN CONNECTION WITH CIVIL WORKS PROJECTS Real Estate; General § 211.2 Authority to acquire real estate. (a) Congressional...

  4. 12 CFR 541.27 - Unimproved real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Unimproved real estate. 541.27 Section 541.27 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY DEFINITIONS FOR REGULATIONS AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.27 Unimproved real estate. The term unimproved real estate means real estate that will be improved,...

  5. 12 CFR 541.23 - Residential real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Residential real estate. 541.23 Section 541.23 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY DEFINITIONS FOR REGULATIONS AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.23 Residential real estate. The terms residential real estate or residential real property mean:...

  6. 45 CFR 12.7 - Applications for surplus real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Applications for surplus real property. 12.7 Section 12.7 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION DISPOSAL AND UTILIZATION OF SURPLUS REAL PROPERTY FOR PUBLIC HEALTH PURPOSES § 12.7 Applications for surplus real property. Applications for surplus real...

  7. Providing Real Research Opoportunities to Undergraduates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ragozzine, Darin

    2016-01-01

    The current approach to undergraduate education focuses on teaching classes which provide the foundational knowledge for more applied experiences such as scientific research. Like most programs, Florida Institute of Technology (Florida Tech or FIT) strongly encourages undergraduate research, but is dominated by content-focused courses (e.g., "Physical Mechanics"). Research-like experiences are generally offered through "lab" classes, but these are almost always reproductions of past experiments: contrived, formulaic, and lacking the "heart" of real (i.e., potentially publishable) scientific research. Real research opportunities 1) provide students with realistic insight into the actual scientific process; 2) excite students far more than end-of-chapter problems; 3) provide context for the importance of learning math, physics, and astrophysics concepts; and 4) allow unique research progress for well-chosen problems. I have provided real research opportunities as an "Exoplanet Lab" component of my Introduction to Space Science (SPS1020) class at Florida Tech, generally taken by first-year majors in our Physics, Astronomy & Astrophysics, Planetary Science, and Astrobiology degree programs. These labs are a hybrid between citizen science (e.g., PlanetHunters) and simultaneously mentoring ~60 undergraduates in similar small research projects. These projects focus on problems that can be understood in the context of the course, but which benefit from "crowdsourcing". Examples include: dividing up the known planetary systems and developing a classification scheme and organizing them into populations (Fall 2013); searching through folded light curves to discover new exoplanets missed by previous pipelines (Fall 2014); and fitting n-body models to all exoplanets with known Transit Timing Variations to estimate planet masses (Fall 2015). The students love the fact that they are doing real potentially publishable research: not many undergraduates can claim to have discovered

  8. Economic scenarios for the real estate market: Incorporating uncertainty and risk in real estate appraisals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carsten Lausberg

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Real estate appraisal is usually regarded as both a science and an art: “science” because the appraiser uses mathematical calculations and other objective elements, “art” because he also uses his experience and other subjective elements. This dual character requires—among others—that new insights from other disciplines and current trends are taken into account. The central proposition of the article is that this requirement is not met. The author provides evidence that real estate risk management has made tremendous progress since the mid-1990s which has not found its way into appraisal practice, thereby creating a situation where appraisals by risk analysts differ greatly from appraisals by real estate appraisers. According to the author the gap between real estate appraisal and risk analysis should be closed from both sides. The article begins with an overview of the most important trends which will impact real estate values in the future. From these trends, an exemplary economic scenario for European real estate markets is derived in order to demonstrate that scenario writing is a powerful tool for risk management. After that the author discusses some other methods of risk management and their potential benefits for real estate appraisal.

  9. "Fast" Is Not "Real-Time": Designing Effective Real-Time AI Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Reilly, Cindy A.; Cromarty, Andrew S.

    1985-04-01

    Realistic practical problem domains (such as robotics, process control, and certain kinds of signal processing) stand to benefit greatly from the application of artificial intelligence techniques. These problem domains are of special interest because they are typified by complex dynamic environments in which the ability to select and initiate a proper response to environmental events in real time is a strict prerequisite to effective environmental interaction. Artificial intelligence systems developed to date have been sheltered from this real-time requirement, however, largely by virtue of their use of simplified problem domains or problem representations. The plethora of colloquial and (in general) mutually inconsistent interpretations of the term "real-time" employed by workers in each of these domains further exacerbates the difficul-ties in effectively applying state-of-the-art problem solving tech-niques to time-critical problems. Indeed, the intellectual waters are by now sufficiently muddied that the pursuit of a rigorous treatment of intelligent real-time performance mandates the redevelopment of proper problem perspective on what "real-time" means, starting from first principles. We present a simple but nonetheless formal definition of real-time performance. We then undertake an analysis of both conventional techniques and AI technology with respect to their ability to meet substantive real-time performance criteria. This analysis provides a basis for specification of problem-independent design requirements for systems that would claim real-time performance. Finally, we discuss the application of these design principles to a pragmatic problem in real-time signal understanding.

  10. The touch of the real. Il New Historicism e il potere del reale psichiatrico in Foucault

    OpenAIRE

    Varricchio, Francesco

    2014-01-01

    [The touch of the real. The New Historicism and the power of the psychiatric real in Foucault] What is the meaning of “touch of the real”? This paper connects the new historicist Greenblatt’s phrase to Foucault’s use of the term real during his lecture course on psychiatric power. According to New Historicism, influenced by the French philosopher’s thought, representation links to reality; but this reality is imbued with power relations. Throughout his course, Foucault repeteadly argues that ...

  11. Complete characterization of strictly positive real regions and robust strictly positive real synthesis method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王龙; 郁文生

    2000-01-01

    The concept of weak strictly positive real regions is introduced, and its properties are discussed . By using the complete discrimination system for polynomials, complete characterization of the (weak) strictly positive real regions for transfer functions in coefficient space is given. A new effective method for robust strictly positive real synthesis is proposed. This method results in necessary and sufficient conditions for low-order stable interval polynomials and segment polynomials, and is also efficient for high-order cases. Numerical examples are provided to illustrate the effectiveness of this method.

  12. Complete characterization of strictly positive real regions and robust strictly positive real synthesis method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The concept of weak strictly positive real regions is introduced, and its properties are discussed. By using the complete discrimination system for polynomials, complete characterization of the (weak) strictly positive real regions for transfer functions in coefficient space is given. A new effective method for robust strictly positive real synthesis is proposed. This method results in necessary and sufficient conditions for low-order stable interval polynomials and segment polynomials, and is also efficient for high-order cases. Numerical examples are provided to illustrate the effectiveness of this method.

  13. Argus developer in practice real estate development modeling in the real world

    CERN Document Server

    Havard, Tim M

    2014-01-01

    First ""missing manual"" for Argus Developer--case studies show readers how to analyze a development, something Argus manuals don't do. Argus Developer is by far the leading program for real estate developers worldwide The book is an education in real estate finance as well as the program Author teaches seminars and consults with people using the program--back of room sales likely Author has three other books on real estate development Possibility that Argus gets behind the project The book will contain dozens of screenshots

  14. The fundamental group of the complement of complexified real arrangements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Let V be a finite dimensional vector space over the real or complex numbers. An arrangement in V is a finite collection of affine hyperplanes of V. Given a real arrangement A in a real vector space V. Then its complexification, AC, is a complex arrangement in the complex vector space VC, and will be called a complexified real arrangement. In this paper, we shall prove a presentation for the fundamental group of the complement of a complexified real arrangement. (author). 7 refs

  15. Analysis of factors affecting the real estate market in Prague

    OpenAIRE

    Kubečková, Kristina

    2014-01-01

    The goal is to map the current real estate market in Prague, analyzing the factors that influence the demand for real estate on the basis of data obtained while working in the Prague real estate agency. This information I want to use to improve our work, to facilitate an understanding of the requirements and needs of clients in the real estate market. The result should be greater competitiveness of our real estate agency who will be able to expand and profit in future.

  16. Advanced real-time manipulation of video streams

    CERN Document Server

    Herling, Jan

    2014-01-01

    Diminished Reality is a new fascinating technology that removes real-world content from live video streams. This sensational live video manipulation actually removes real objects and generates a coherent video stream in real-time. Viewers cannot detect modified content. Existing approaches are restricted to moving objects and static or almost static cameras and do not allow real-time manipulation of video content. Jan Herling presents a new and innovative approach for real-time object removal with arbitrary camera movements.

  17. Competition and market structure in local real estate markets

    OpenAIRE

    Beck, Jason; Scott, Frank; Yelowitz, Aaron

    2010-01-01

    The persistence of the standard six percent real estate sales commission across markets and over time calls into question the competitiveness of the residential real estate brokerage industry. While there is anecdotal evidence that some local real estate markets are fairly concentrated, no systematic study of market structures has been conducted. We have collected primary data on the number and market shares of real estate brokers in a variety of small, medium, and large real estate markets a...

  18. Indirect investment in real estate: Listed companies and funds

    OpenAIRE

    Suarez, Jose L.; Vassalo, Amparo

    2005-01-01

    In Europe today, there are two main vehicles for indirect investment in real estate; real estate investment funds, on the one hand, and, on the other, listed real estate companies. With these instruments, not only does the investor take a position in the real estate market, he/she also acquires different risk/return structures which may vary according to the instrument being used. In some European countries, real estate companies have modified their financial structure and tax position by ado...

  19. Current problems of valuation and real estate management by value

    OpenAIRE

    Źróbek, Sabina; Kucharska-Stasiak, Ewa; Trojanek, Maria; Adamiczka, Jerzy; Budzyński, Tomasz; Cellmer, Radosław; DĄBROWSKI, Janusz; Jasińska, Elżbieta; Preweda, Edward; Sajnóg, Natalia

    2014-01-01

    Real estate management consists in making decisions and performing actions to maintain a real estate property in an unimpaired condition according to its designation and at reasonable investment in this real property. These activities cover diverse aspects of real estate acquisition and use and are oriented, among others, towards increasing the capital of real estate owners. Value-based management is both a management philosophy and a practice requiring full coordination of all actions carrie...

  20. The touch of the real. Il New Historicism e il potere del reale psichiatrico in Foucault

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VARRICCHIO, Francesco

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available [The touch of the real. The New Historicism and the power of the psychiatric real in Foucault] What is the meaning of “touch of the real”? This paper connects the new historicist Greenblatt’s phrase to Foucault’s use of the term real during his lecture course on psychiatric power. According to New Historicism, influenced by the French philosopher’s thought, representation links to reality; but this reality is imbued with power relations. Throughout his course, Foucault repeteadly argues that therapeutic asylum imposes on subjectified bodiesthe reality of power and the power of reality thanks to a disciplinary technology. The constant visibility produces individuals also in other fields of the social and institutional life, in which the Panopticon principle is effective. The real springs from this mechanism and its representation.