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Sample records for bardenas reales navarra

  1. Mechanisms of erosion in miocene clays from the Tudela formation (Bardenas Reales, Navarra, Spain); Mecanismos de erosion en arcillas miocenas de la Formacion Tudela (Bardenas Reales, Navarra, Espana)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marin, C.; Desir, G.

    2009-07-01

    In Bardenas Reales area (located in the central-western part of the Ebro Depression) several erosion rates have been measured along the last years. The mean annual erosion rates are of 32 Tm/Ha/yr. Due to semiarid conditions, precipitation is irregularly distributed along the year with maximums on spring and autumn when the great erosion is produced. There are intensity and quality thresholds below which erosion does not take place. In Bardenas Reales some erosion processes act (mud slides and armoured mud balls among others). Mud slides are mobilised on spring when the sediment have reached its plastic limit and could slide due to heavy rains. Armored mud balls are produced by the enhancement of popcorn cracks that individualize clays cores which are rounded by water. The same kind of strong precipitation that mobilised mud slides is the responsible of armoured mud balls destruction because the conditions to its maintenance are very limited. (Author) 9 refs.

  2. Mechanisms of erosion in miocene clays from the Tudela formation (Bardenas Reales, Navarra, Spain)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Bardenas Reales area (located in the central-western part of the Ebro Depression) several erosion rates have been measured along the last years. The mean annual erosion rates are of 32 Tm/Ha/yr. Due to semiarid conditions, precipitation is irregularly distributed along the year with maximums on spring and autumn when the great erosion is produced. There are intensity and quality thresholds below which erosion does not take place. In Bardenas Reales some erosion processes act (mud slides and armoured mud balls among others). Mud slides are mobilised on spring when the sediment have reached its plastic limit and could slide due to heavy rains. Armored mud balls are produced by the enhancement of popcorn cracks that individualize clays cores which are rounded by water. The same kind of strong precipitation that mobilised mud slides is the responsible of armoured mud balls destruction because the conditions to its maintenance are very limited. (Author) 9 refs.

  3. Evolution and erosion processes in gullies Bardenas Reales (Navarra). Spain; Evolucion y procesos de erosion en gullies. bardenas Reales (Navarra). Espana

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Desir, G.; Marin, C.

    2009-07-01

    At the Bardenas Reales site, guilles are developed over Halocene silts and show a great extend. the most typical features is the lack of relief and the presence of many low and narrow guilles, on which the sidewalls are affected by piping and incision processes. Gullies have a U-Shape section and a dendritic pattern with a high sinuosity. Guilles evolution responds to different processes like headcut retreat, scouring, undermining and piping. One of these minor order guilles has evolved from a man made ditch builded in 1997. This dicth acts a as grainpipe of the erosion plot BD1. The main processes was headuct retreat from the outlet point in the main gully, and the deepening and widening of the ditch botoom level. As a consequence of undermining and piping the ditch shows an enlargement and headcut retreat yhat evolve in an unusual speed in comparison with the environment, that let us to stablish a temporal sequence of the gully evolution in these areas. (Author) 8 refs.

  4. Mamíferos el Mioceno inferior de las Bardenas Reales de Navarra (Cuenca del Ebro, Península Ibérica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    X. Murelaga, H. Astibia, C. Sese, D. Soria, X. Pereda-Suberbiola

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Las Bardenas Reales de Navarra se encuentran en el borde NW de la cuenca terciaria del Ebro. Los sedimentos que podemos encontrar en la mayor parte del área de estudio pertenecen a facies fluvio-palustres de la Formación Tudela. Las localidades fosilíferas estarían incluidas dentro de la Biozona MN2b-MN· (Biozonas Z-A del Rambliense o Aquitaniense superior-Burdigaliense inforior. En esta área se han encontrado restos fósiles de peces, anfibios, lagartos, anfisbénidos, serpientes, tortugas, cocodrilos, flamencos y los mamíferos que se describen en este trabajo como insectívoros, quirópteros, eomídos, gliridos, esciúridos, cricétidos, lagomorfos, perisodáctilos y artiodáctilos.

  5. Influence so fusion processes in the evolution of modeling. Bardenas Reales (Navarra); Influencia de los procesos de sofusion (piping) en la evolucion del modelado. Bardenas Reales (Navarra)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Desir, G.; Gutierrez, M.

    2009-07-01

    Piping processes are controlled by many interacting factors, such as the index of dispersion and the sodium content, SAR and ESP. To it is necessary to join the density of cracking and the slope of the hillsides on which it develops. In the study area climatic characteristics together with soil structure and chemical and mineralogical composition of the substrate has a key role in Pipings formation. Cracking is linked to the presence of dispersive clays with high contents in SAR and ESP, which give the rates of swelling until 12%. The process presence of piping is linked to two concrete situations: the massive intermediate levels of the intermediate Holocene filling sediments and the sediments deposited by the gullies: whereas in the tertiary materials it does not manage to develop. The size and scale of the pipes studied show a clear relationship among the level thickness, slope and hydraulic gradient. In the Holocene landfills the principal bounding factor is the levels thickness since the lower laminated levels do not facilitate the continuity in depth of the process due to the high number of discontinuities, generating centimeter-scale conduits that are always on duty to the drainage network. (Author) 5 refs.

  6. Erosion processes acting in semi-arid climate zone of the Ebro Basin (Bardenas Reales, NE of Spain); Procesos de erosion actuantes en una zona de clima semiarido de la Depresion del Ebro (Bardenas Reales, NE de Espana)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marin, C.; Desir, G.

    2009-07-01

    Bardenas Reales is an erosive depression located in the central-western part of the Ebro Depression. May different erosion processes act on this zone: gullying, piping, mud slides and armoured mud balls among others that contribute to export great quantity of material outside the basin. Depending on lithology and physico-chemical properties erosion acting processes differ. The knowledge of that processes help us to understand the great amount of soil loss that take place on the studied zone, bigger than those recommended. (Author) 8 refs.

  7. Erosion processes acting in semi-arid climate zone of the Ebro Basin (Bardenas Reales, NE of Spain)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bardenas Reales is an erosive depression located in the central-western part of the Ebro Depression. May different erosion processes act on this zone: gullying, piping, mud slides and armoured mud balls among others that contribute to export great quantity of material outside the basin. Depending on lithology and physico-chemical properties erosion acting processes differ. The knowledge of that processes help us to understand the great amount of soil loss that take place on the studied zone, bigger than those recommended. (Author) 8 refs.

  8. Influence so fusion processes in the evolution of modeling. Bardenas Reales (Navarra)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Piping processes are controlled by many interacting factors, such as the index of dispersion and the sodium content, SAR and ESP. To it is necessary to join the density of cracking and the slope of the hillsides on which it develops. In the study area climatic characteristics together with soil structure and chemical and mineralogical composition of the substrate has a key role in Pipings formation. Cracking is linked to the presence of dispersive clays with high contents in SAR and ESP, which give the rates of swelling until 12%. The process presence of piping is linked to two concrete situations: the massive intermediate levels of the intermediate Holocene filling sediments and the sediments deposited by the gullies: whereas in the tertiary materials it does not manage to develop. The size and scale of the pipes studied show a clear relationship among the level thickness, slope and hydraulic gradient. In the Holocene landfills the principal bounding factor is the levels thickness since the lower laminated levels do not facilitate the continuity in depth of the process due to the high number of discontinuities, generating centimeter-scale conduits that are always on duty to the drainage network. (Author) 5 refs.

  9. 'Acta vectigalia regni navarrae': hacia un corpus documental de los comptos reales (1259-1328)

    OpenAIRE

    Mugueta Moreno, Íñigo

    2002-01-01

    La Universidad Pública de Navarra y el Gobierno de Navarra, colaboran desde hace cuatro años en un proyecto de edición de fuentes documentales fiscales de la Edad Media navarra. El Archivo General de Navarra, y en especial la sección de "Comptos", depositaria del archivo de la antigua Cámara de Comptos, aporta un enorme caudal de información para el estudio de la Baja Edad Media. El profesor Carrasco y sus colaboradores han iniciado la edición de ocho volúmenes de documentación fiscal, inicia...

  10. Drainage and reclamation of salt-affected soils in the bardenas area, Spain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Martinez Beltran, J.

    1978-01-01

    Chapter 1The Ebro basin is situated in north-eastern Spain and forms a geographic unit bounded by high mountains. The Bardenas area lies in the Ebro basin and forms part of the Bardenas Alto - Aragón irrigation scheme, which was designed to make use of the surface water resources from the Pyrenees.C

  11. Aprovechamiento del agua y contaminación inducida por el Sistema de Riegos de Bardenas

    OpenAIRE

    Causapé Valenzuela, Jesús; Quílez Sáez de Viteri, Dolores; Aragüés Lafarga, Ramón

    2005-01-01

    El presente estudio pretende obtener parámetros indicadores del aprovechamiento del agua e impacto medioambiental del área aragonesa de Bardenas a escala de polígono de riego y definir unos índices de contaminación que permitan comparar sus resultados con los de otros estudios realizados a una menor escala en Bardenas y en otros regadíos de Aragón.

  12. Caracterización de los nidos de Aguila Real (Aquila chrysaëtos) en Navarra.

    OpenAIRE

    Fernandez, C

    1986-01-01

    Se presentan los datos referentes a 90 nidos de 25 parejas de   Aguila real (A. chrysaëtus) establecidos en el extremo occidental   de la vertiente meridional de los Pirineos. Se obtienen conclusiones sobre: número de nidos utilizables por   pareja, distancias entre nidos, altitud y posición relativa de   los nidos en los cortados, localización de los nidos en los   árboles y cortados, orientaciones predominantes, construcción y   arreglo de los nidos, dimensiones de los ...

  13. Espaciamiento y dispersión de nidos de Búho Real (Bubo bubo) en Navarra (Norte de la Península Ibérica).

    OpenAIRE

    DONAZAR, J.A.

    1988-01-01

    En Navarra (norte de la Península Ibérica) la distancia entre   nidos de Bubo bubo está inversamente correlacionada con la   abundancia de Oryctolagus cuniculus en las inmediaciones del   nido. La dispersión espacial de los nidos sigue un modelo regular   en la mayor parte del área de estudio pero presenta una   distribución contagiosa en zonas con grandes cañones fluviales.

  14. Triangular facets of slope in the region of Tudela (Ebro Basin, Navarra, Spain); Facetas triangulares de ladera en la region de Tudela (Depresion del Ebro, Navarra, Espana)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marin, C.; Desir, G.; Gutierrez, M.

    2009-07-01

    Some triangular slope facets are localized to the south of Bardenas Reales (central-west of Ebro Basin), elaborated on Tudela Formation deposits, Aragonian in age. Three of them have been dated by OSL resulting on ages of 35,588{+-}2,488 yr. BP, 35,355{+-}2,446 yr. BP and 40.185{+-}2,411 yr. BP. The origin of these facets is ought to an alternation between accumulation and incision phases produced by vegetation cover variation percentage. Those vegetation cover changes are estimated to be due to climatic changes. (Author) 21 refs.

  15. Triangular facets of slope in the region of Tudela (Ebro Basin, Navarra, Spain)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Some triangular slope facets are localized to the south of Bardenas Reales (central-west of Ebro Basin), elaborated on Tudela Formation deposits, Aragonian in age. Three of them have been dated by OSL resulting on ages of 35,588±2,488 yr. BP, 35,355±2,446 yr. BP and 40.185±2,411 yr. BP. The origin of these facets is ought to an alternation between accumulation and incision phases produced by vegetation cover variation percentage. Those vegetation cover changes are estimated to be due to climatic changes. (Author) 21 refs.

  16. Situación de las intoxicaciones en Navarra The state of poisoning in Navarra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.A. Pinillos

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Se comenta brevemente la situación de la toxicología clínica en Navarra en relación al resto de España, haciendo referencia al Comité de Toxicología de Navarra con sus objetivos. Se presentan datos epidemiológicos del Servicio de Urgencias del Hospital de Navarra, así como dónde encontrar información del tema y se adjunta la hoja de registro epidemiológico realizada por el grupo de SEMESTOX. Se describen las características de la determinación de drogas de abuso y terapéuticas (tipo de muestra, metodología e interpretación de resultados realizados en la unidad analítica toxicológica del Hospital de Navarra. Por último se hace referencia a todos lo antídotos que dispone el Servicio de Farmacia del Hospital de Navarra, que es el centro de referencia para toda la Comunidad, describiendo en cada fármaco sus indicaciones de uso.We briefly comment on the state of clinical toxicology in Navarra and in the rest of Spain, with reference to the Toxicology Committee of Navarra and its aims. Epidemiological data from the Emergency Service of the Hospital of Navarra is presented, as well as where to find information on the subject; the epidemiological registration sheet designed by the SEMESTOX group is attached. A description is given of the characteristics of therapeutic drugs and drugs of abuse determination (type of sample, methodology and interpretation of results carried out in the toxicological analytical unit of the Hospital of Navarra. Finally, reference is made to all of the antidotes available to the Pharmacy Service of the Hospital of Navarra, which is the reference center for the whole of the autonomous community of Navarra. A description is given for each medicine including its indications.

  17. Tesis doctorales en acceso abierto: nuevo protocolo en la Universidad de Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Zalba, U. (Unai)

    2014-01-01

    Presentación del nuevo protocolo para la inclusión en Dadun, de tesis doctorales leídas en la Universidad de Navarra, como cumplimiento del Real Decreto 99/2011.[Exposición ofrecida durante la mesa redonda dentro de las actividades de la Semana del Acceso Abierto de 2014 (OAW2014), realizada por el Servicio de Bibliotecas de la Universidad.

  18. [AIDS/HIV epidemiological surveillance in Navarra].

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-01-01

    The incidence of AIDS in the European Union has been declining since 1996 as a result, at least in part, of the use of more efficient treatments for HIV infection. The same tendency can be observed in Navarra. In 1998 the incidence of AIDS in Navarra, 75 cases per million inhabitants, was situated at an intermediate level in the ranking of Spanish autonomous communities. In the same year, the highest rates of incidence in Europe were recorded in Spain (93.3 cases per million inhabitants) and Portugal (81.8), and the lowest in Ireland and Finland, with less than 5 cases per million inhabitants. With respect to the incidence of HIV infection, 2,240 cases were diagnosed in Navarra between 1985 and December 1998. The available data indicate that at least 1,864 of these cases were resident in Navarra. The annual number of new diagnoses of HIV infection show two high points in the years 1987 and 1991, with over 200 annual cases. From 1993 onwards, a progressive decline can be observed in the annual number, with 171, 145, 19, 86 and 63 cases in the final year, 1998. The figure of over 2,000 cases of HIV infection contrast with the 694 cases of AIDS registered in this autonomous community in the same period and help to resituate the epidemic in more accurate terms. The development of AIDS in 40% of the persons with HIV infection and the death of 26% have been confirmed, although lethality has been declining in recent years. The use of intravenous drugs in 73.2% of the AIDS cases is the most frequent category of transmission. 13.4% are due to transmission by heterosexual contact and 6.1% to homosexual practices between males. Although the cases of AIDS have been declining in Navarra since 1996, the data from the microbiology laboratories and from the hospital services that treat persons with HIV infection indicate that a considerable number of new infections will continue to occur, which justifies the need for maintaining the prevention programs in order to avoid new cases

  19. Impacto económico de la salinidad de los suelos en la agricultura de Bardenas I

    OpenAIRE

    Zekri, Slim; Albisu Aguado, Luis Miguel; Aragüés Lafarga, Ramón; Herrero Isern, Juan

    1990-01-01

    La acumulación de sales en los suelos es uno de los problemas que afecta a los regadíos en Bardenas. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar las pérdidas económicas actuales así como los futuros beneficios que resultarían con la recuperación de estos suelos salinos. Mediante la programación lineal multiobjetivo se intenta presentar la situación actual con los niveles de salinidad existentes. Utilizando la misma metodología se simula una situación futura suponiendo que no existiera salinidad. ...

  20. Evaluación y vigilancia agroambiental de los regadíos del Ebro: el caso de Bardenas

    OpenAIRE

    Causapé Valenzuela, Jesús Antonio; Cuchi Oterino, José Antonio

    2009-01-01

    El regadío supone el principal uso de agua en la cuenca del Ebro ocasionando una gran problemática en torno a la contaminación por sales y nitratos. Este estudio pretende proponer actuaciones para el control agroambiental de los regadíos del Ebro. Para ello, se analizó la información existente sobre aprovechamiento de agua e impacto agroambiental desarrollando software para su evaluación basado en la ejecución de balances de agua y contaminantes. El desarrollo de EMR y su aplicación a Bardena...

  1. Comunidad V de Bardenas: optimización agraria y preservación del medio ambiente

    OpenAIRE

    Causapé Valenzuela, Jesús A.; Aragüés Lafarga, Ramón; Quílez Sáez de Viteri, Dolores

    2003-01-01

    [ES] El presente estudio surgió ante la necesidad de compatibilizar la actividad agraria con la conservación y protección del medio ambiente y sus objetivos están encaminados a: (1) identificar y cuantificar los principales problemas de contaminación (sales y nitrato) inducidos por el riego en la CR-V de Bardenas, (2) profundizar en el conocimiento de los procesos que afectan a la cantidad y calidad de los recursos hídricos, y (3) prescribir técnicas apropiada...

  2. Centro de estudios avanzados, Baquedano (Navarra)

    OpenAIRE

    Damià Vera, Irene

    2012-01-01

    Cabe destacar la intención de camuflar el edificio e integrarlo en el entorno para que el impacto visual sea mínimo, ya que se encuentra ubicado en una reserva natural de la biosfera. La cubierta está concebida como quinta fachada. El programa de laboratorios se completa con una biblioteca y una pequeña cafetería. Ciafarone, AC. (2011). Centro de estudios avanzados. Baquedano, Navarra. http://hdl.handle.net/10251/15652. Archivo delegado

  3. Ruppia drepanensis Tineo ex Guss. en Navarra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María A. Ibargutxi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Una población de Ruppia drepanensis Tineo ex Guss. ha sido hallada en la balsa de Zolina-Ezkoriz, es la primera cita de esta especie hidro-halófila en Navarra y podría representar una de las poblaciones más extensas en su límite norte de distribución. La población de R. drepanensis constituye el hábitat de numerosos insectos acuáticos halófilos que colonizan su entorno, algunos de ellos con gran interés de conservación.

  4. Pteridófitos de Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Bascones-Carretero, J.C. (Juan Carlos); Ederra, A. (Alicia); Perez, A.; Medrano-Moreno, L.M. (Luis Miguel)

    1982-01-01

    En el estado actual de nuestros conocimientos, la pteridoflora navarra se compone de 51 especies, algunas subspecies e híbridos. Se aportan nuevas localidades, precisadas en U.T.M. que ayudarán a definir los límites de distribución general. Señalamos las cuadrículas vacantes del Atlas Florae Europaeae. Lepidotis inundata, Equisetum hyemale, Equisetum sylvaticum, Asplenium celtibericum, Dryopteris oreades, Dryopteris affinis, subsp. borreri, Dryopteris expansa se citan por vez primera para Nav...

  5. Flora vascular de la Navarra húmeda

    OpenAIRE

    Bascones-Carretero, J.C. (Juan Carlos)

    1982-01-01

    Presentamos el catálogo de gramíneas (Poacease), de la Navarra húmeda. Para cada taxon reconocido, se aportan localidades encua dradas en la proyección UTM de 10x10 kms., las correlaciones edáficas observadas y otros datos que contribuirán a precisar su corología y autoecología a nivel regional. Varias especies se mencionan por primera vez para Navarra.

  6. Evaluación de los ciberdiarios en las comunidades vasca y navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Salaverría, R. (Ramón); Cores, R. (Rafael); Díaz-Noci, J. (Javier); Meso-Ayerdi, K. (Koldobica); Larrondo-Ureta, A. (Ainara)

    2004-01-01

    El presente texto propone una evaluación de los ciberdiarios de la Comunidad Autónoma Vasca (CAV) y de la Comunidad Foral de Navarra (CFN), empleando metodologías ya establecidas y contrastadas, de manera que se pueda obtener un panorama completo del aprovechamiento real de las posibilidades del lenguaje hipermedia por parte de estas empresas. Se analizan todos los medios diarios de información general que disponen de una edición en Internet: El Correo, El ...

  7. Evaluating irrigation scheduling of hydroponic tomato in Navarra, Spain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lizarraga, H.J.; Boesveld, H.; Huibers, F.P.; Robles, H.

    2003-01-01

    The correct supply of water and nutrients is important in hydroponic growing systems in order to use water efficiently, avoid stress situations, and control production. The present study was conducted to evaluate two irrigation scheduling techniques for hydroponic tomato production in Navarra, north

  8. El trasplante en Navarra y España Transplantation in Navarra and Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. J. Unzué

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available La donación de órganos y tejidos es un proceso admitido en nuestra sociedad como algo habitual, así ante la inminencia de la muerte, y el planteamiento de la gravedad del paciente, en una UCI, la familia ofrece los órganos y/o tejidos antes de solicitarlos. Como cifra clave, al finalizar el año 2005, se produjeron tres datos históricos: por un lado, en España ha pasado de 35 donaciones por millón -¡récord mundial!-, y por otro lado, se ha conseguido la cifra más baja de negativas familiares de la historia, situándonos por debajo del 16 por millón, y además se ha podido rebasar la cifra de 1.500 donantes en un año. El hecho de llevar más de 30 años de experiencia en donación y trasplante ha permitido optimizar métodos y protocolos y distribuir con eficacia funciones sobre la base de la especialización; el Hospital de Navarra se encarga preferentemente de la extracción de órganos; el Hospital Virgen del Camino se ocupa de la captación de tejidos, y la Clínica Universitaria de Navarra del proceso quirúrgico del trasplante. En este trabajo se ofrecen datos de los distintos trasplantes haciendo referencia continuamente a los datos producidos entre los años 1995 y 2005; cuando la ocasión lo requiere, se citan también datos anteriores y se establecen algunas comparaciones con el resto de España y otros países.The donation of organs and tissues is accepted in our society as a normal process; thus it frequently happens that when, in the face of imminent death, we inform the family of the severity of the patient in an intensive care unit, they offer us the organs and/or tissues before they are even asked. That is to say that in our milieu the degree of awareness and generosity is very high. As a sort of magic figure, three historic events occurred at the end of 2005: on the one hand, Spain exceeded the figure of 35 donations per million - a world record; on the other hand, we obtained the lowest figure of family refusals in

  9. El Grupo de Estudios Peirceanos de la Universidad de Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Barrena, S.; Nubiola, J. (Jaime)

    2006-01-01

    In this report the history and main activities of the Grupo de Estudios Peirceanos at the University of Navarra is presented. It was created in 1994 to promote the study of the work of Charles S. Peirce (1839-1914), especially in Spain and in the Spanish-speaking countries. An outstanding result of the work of this group is the massive installment in the web of Peirce’s texts translated into Spanish.

  10. El proyecto arquitectónico de la biblioteca y filmoteca de Navarra: infraestructura básica del sistema de bibliotecas públicas de Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Itúrbide Díaz, Javier; Elizari Huarte, Juan Francisco

    2006-01-01

    La construcción de la Biblioteca y Filmoteca de Navarra (BFN) es un proyecto largamente demandado por los profesionales y la sociedad navarra en general, que, tras superar la polémica sobre su emplazamiento en Pamplona, ha entrado en vía de solución con la cesión por el Ayuntamiento de un solar idóneo, el compromiso presupuestario del Gobierno Foral y la redacción del proyecto de ejecución. La actual Biblioteca General de Navarra dispone de instalaciones insuficientes para desempeñar las f...

  11. El Instituto de Derecho Canónico del Estudio General de Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    J. Orlandis

    2010-01-01

    El autor, que fue el primer director del Instituto de Derecho Canónico erigido en el Estudio General de Navarra en 1959, ofrece un testimonio directo y documentado de las circunstancias que rodearon los orígenes del centro. En 1957 San Josemaría Escrivá, fundador del Opus Dei y de la Universidad de Navarra, impulsó el proyecto, dentro de un plan de conjunto orientado a promover el desarrollo institucional del Estudio General de Navarra, de crear una Facultad de Derecho Canónico. Un pape...

  12. Evolución del aprovechamiento del agua y contaminación por sales y nitratos en un regadío tradicional. El caso de la Comunidad nº V de Riegos de Bardenas (Zaragoza)

    OpenAIRE

    García Garizábal, Iker; Causapé Valenzuela, Jesús A.

    2011-01-01

    Los entornos agrícolas tienden a la implantación de nuevos sistemas de gestión sin tener en cuenta la respuesta agroambiental de los cambios efectuados. Este trabajo analiza la evolución de la eficiencia de riego y el impacto agroambiental de la cuenca de regadío tradicional C-XIX-6 (95 ha) en la Comunidad de Regantes nº V de Bardenas (Zaragoza) entre los años 2001 y el periodo 2005-2008 (cambios en la gestión del riego con i. asignación de dotaciones, ii. riego a la demanda, y iii. ...

  13. Hábitos de compra y consumo de productos de comercio justo en Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Villarejo Díez, Rebeca

    2011-01-01

    El principal objetivo de este trabajo es; conocer los hábitos de compra y consumo así como las actitudes, percepciones y grado de conocimiento que muestran los navarros y navarras hacia los productos de Comercio Justo. La información necesaria para la consecución de dicho análisis se obtiene a partir de la realización de encuestas personales realizadas individualmente a la población residente en la zona de Tierra Estella de Navarra. Estos datos son tratados con el paquete estad...

  14. Nueva aportación para el conocimiento de los Ortópteros de Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Herrera-Mesa, L. (Luis); Alonso, M L

    1982-01-01

    Anteriores trabajos del Departamento (HERRERA, 1978; HERRERA, 1979, y HERRERA(1979), 1980) han conseguido alcanzar un conocimiento general de la fauna de Ortópteros de Navarra; no obslante, nuevas prospecciones durante los años 1978 y 1979 permiten aumentar el área de distribucion de las especies encontradas e incluso añadir algunas nuevas especies para Navarra. En el presente trabajo se da además la distribución hasta ahora conocida para España peninsular e insular. Se ha seguido preferentem...

  15. Situación de la atención temprana en Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Guachón Guamán, Mayra

    2014-01-01

    En el presente trabajo fin de grado se abordan las características principales de la atención temprana en Navarra. Para ello, elaboramos un marco teórico en el cual se plasman los aspectos principales de la atención temprana (definición, objetivos, metodología, población a la que está dirigida, etc), y se hace referencia a las normativas que la regulan en Europa, España y Navarra. Partiendo de esta información, elaboramos un estudio empírico en el que se analiza la situación ac...

  16. Vigilancia epidemiológica de las infecciones por el VIH/sida en Navarra entre 1985 y 2002 Epidemiological surveillance of HIV/Aids infections in Navarra between 1985 and 2002

    OpenAIRE

    MORENO, C.; F. Irisarri; M. Urtiaga; Sola, J.; Fernández, C.; Martínez, V.; J. Sáinz de Murieta; I. Dorronsoro

    2003-01-01

    En el año 1985 se diagnosticaron en Navarra los primeros casos de sida. Desde entonces y hasta diciembre de 2002 según las notificaciones recibidas se han contabilizado 2.329 personas con infección por VIH, de las que 1.538 eran de Navarra y 791 residentes temporales en esta comunidad autónoma. La incidencia de nuevos diagnósticos de infección por VIH y casos de sida muestran una clara tendencia descendente en Navarra en los últimos años. La disminución de casos ha sido muy importante entre l...

  17. Fauna Entomológica de la charca de Muniain (Navarra)

    OpenAIRE

    Arlegui, R. (R.); Bergerandi, A. (A.); Herrera-Mesa, L. (Luis); Vega, A.

    1981-01-01

    Este trabajo es una contribución a la fauna dulceacuícola de Navarra. Una charca, cerca de Muniain (800 m., U.T.M. 30TWN93) ha sido muestreada mensualmente durante dos años (1977 y 1978). 9 especies de Heteroptera, 24 especies de Coleoptera y 7 especies de Odonata han sido encontradas.

  18. La neorruralidad y sus significados. El caso de Navarra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rivera, María Jesús

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines some of the meanings that are sometimes neglected under the generic term of neorurality. From our point of view, moving one’s home from town to countryside is not solely a change of house, but a life venture, bringing together social representations of the rural and the urban, of country life and the urban lifestyle. In the case of people who have moved from Pamplona (county town of Navarre, a northern region of Spain to any rural area of Navarre, these representations, along with the broad heterogeneity of underlying reasons and expectations for the future, have shaped three different types of neo-rurality. They represent, somehow, three ways of constructing differing rural spaces (and ruralities. The paper analyses these types of neo-ruralities and the significance of the move for the migrants in the context of Navarre. To do this, we analyse the discourse expressed in diverse indepth interviews conducted with people who have identified themselves as urban-to-rural migrants.

    El presente artículo tiene como objetivo indagar en los significados que se esconden tras el concepto paraguas de neorruralidad. El cambio residencial de la ciudad al campo es concebido aquí no sólo como un cambio de vivienda, sino como una apuesta vital en la que confluyen una serie de representaciones sociales sobre lo rural y lo urbano, sobre la vida en el pueblo y la vida en la ciudad. En el caso de quienes abandonaron Pamplona e instalaron su hogar en un pueblo de Navarra, estas representaciones y la heterogeneidad de expectativas de futuro subyacentes conforman tres tipos de neorruralidad diferentes que representan, a su vez, distintos modos de construir espacios rurales (y ruralidades diferenciados, más o menos divergentes. A través del discurso expresado en una serie de entrevistas en profundidad, realizadas a personas que se autoidentificaban como migrantes urbano-rurales, exploramos estos tres tipos de neorruralidad y el sentido

  19. La “botiga” del hierro. Fiscalidad y producción industrial en Navarra (1362-1404

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mugueta Moreno, Iñigo

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The development of the iron industry in the north region of the Kingdom of Navarre was recorded in the fiscal accounts of the royal administration since the second half of the XIII century. However, the Kingdom of Navarre, will not look at this industrial development as a fiscal resource until the second half of the XIV century, with Charles II. The growing needs of his political strategies forced him to increase the fiscal pressure on his citizens, specially since 1362, in the uptake of indirect taxation. The disposed actions of this King will lead him to significantly increase the income earned on the iron industry: first, he seized lordships that were rich in mineral resources and forestry; later he developed a complex tax policy, which even led him to create a monopoly on the iron production in the Kingdom since 1376.

    El origen de la actividad siderúrgica en el norte de Navarra se detecta en los libros de cuentas de la administración real a partir de la segunda mitad del siglo XIII. Sin embargo, no será hasta la segunda mitad del siglo XIV cuando los reyes de Navarra (en concreto Carlos II, vea en este desarrollo industrial una fuente de recursos fiscales. Las crecientes necesidades de sus estrategias políticas le llevaron a un incremento de la presión fiscal sobre sus súbditos, con un especial énfasis desde 1362 en la captación de impuestos indirectos. La acción decidida de este monarca le permitió aumentar notablemente los ingresos percibidos sobre la industria siderúrgica, primero tras la incautación de señoríos nobiliarios ricos en recursos mineros y forestales, y más tarde por medio del desarrollo de un complejo programa fiscal, que incluyó la creación de un monopolio sobre la producción de hierro en el reino desde 1376.

  20. Influencia de los tiempos de respuesta prehospitalarios en la supervivencia de los pacientes politraumatizados en Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    B. Ali Ali; M. Fortún Moral; T. Belzunegui Otano; R. Teijeira Álvarez; D. Reyero Díez; A. Cabodevilla Górriz

    2015-01-01

    La relación entre los tiempos de respuesta y la mortalidad de los pacientes politraumatizados en la denominada "hora de oro" sigue siendo tema de debate. El objetivo del presente estudio es determinar las variables relacionadas con la mortalidad en dichos pacientes y la influencia de los tiempos de respuesta de los Servicios Médicos de Emergencia en dicha mortalidad. Para ello se analizaron los datos del Registro "Major Trauma de Navarra" (cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes politraumatizados ...

  1. The identification of high abilitey students: Results of a detection process in Navarra (Spain)

    OpenAIRE

    Tourón, J. (Javier); Repáraz, C. (Charo); Peralta, F

    1999-01-01

    This article focuses on the development and analysis of a two-stage early detection process (screening and diagnostic) for high ability students carried out in the region of Navarra (Spain) on a random sample of 1,274 elementary school students. Spanish versions of the Raven Progressive Matrices (SPM), the Renzulli Scales for Rating Behavioural Characteristics of Superior Students (SRBCSS), and participants' academic achievement were the main variables in the initial screening phase. Th...

  2. Los hijos como víctimas: el infanticidio en Navarra (siglos XVI-XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikel Berraondo Piudo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El fenómeno de la violencia interpersonal ha resultado muy atractivo para los histo-riadores interesados tanto en la cultura popular como en el proceso de formación del estado moderno. De entre todos los casos de violencia, el infanticidio fue uno de los más duramente perseguidos por la justicia, y produjo actitudes en la comunidad que abarcaban desde la incredulidad hasta el desprecio por aquellas mujeres que cometían un acto atroz. También el derecho canónico intervino, condenando duramente a los infanticidas mediante la teología moral. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar este fenó-meno en la Navarra moderna, comparando los resultados obtenidos con otros lugares de Europa. Navarra, pequeño reino fronterizo, nos permite acercarnos al estudio del infanticidio desde múltiples puntos de vista, aprovechando la documentación conservada en el Archivo General de Navarra, y analizarlo desde un punto de vista tanto cuantitativo como cualitativo.

  3. San Francisco Javier en la memoria colectiva de Navarra. Fiesta, religiosidad e iconografía en los siglos XVII-XVIII. [Reseña

    OpenAIRE

    Labarga-García, F. (Fermín)

    2006-01-01

    Reseña de: Ricardo FERNÁNDEZ GRACIA, San Francisco Javier en la memoria colectiva de Navarra. Fiesta, religiosidad e iconografía en los siglos XVII-XVIII, Fundación Diario de Navarra («Biblioteca Javeriana», 4), Pamplona 2004, 288 pp.

  4. Epilepsia infantil en Navarra Epilepsy in children in Navarre

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    T. Durá

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. Calcular la incidencia anual de epilepsia, así como la distribución relativa de los distintos tipos de epilepsias y síndromes epilépticos en la población infantil. Material y métodos. Se han registrado de manera prospectiva todos los pacientes menores de 15 años diagnosticados de epilepsia y residentes en Navarra entre enero de 2003 y diciembre de 2005. De cada paciente se recogieron datos epidemiológicos, clínicos y exámenes complementarios. Los criterios diagnósticos aplicados fueron los de la International League Againts Epilepsy (ILAE. Resultados. Fueron diagnosticados 142 casos nuevos de epilepsia (18 lactantes, 47 preescolares, 39 escolares y 38 adolescentes. La incidencia anual era de 62,1 casos por 100.000 (95% CI: 61,6-62,6, con una máxima incidencia en el primer año de vida (103,9/100.000 para luego ir disminuyendo gradualmente hasta la adolescencia (50,4/100.000. El 57% de los pacientes presentaban epilepsias focales, el 41,5% generalizadas y el 1,4% de localización indeterminada. En los lactantes, el síndrome de West (44,4% y las epilepsias asociadas a síndromes específicos (27,7% eran los síndromes epilépticos más prevalentes. En los preescolares, lo eran las epilepsias focales criptogénicas (25,5% o sintomáticas (21,3%. En los escolares, las epilepsias focales idiopáticas (25,6% o criptogénicas (20,5% y las ausencias (17,9%. Y en los adolescentes, las epilepsias focales criptogénicas (21,1% o idiopáticas (18,4%. Conclusiones. La incidencia anual de la epilepsia infantil en nuestro medio coincide con la descrita en los países occidentales (62,1 casos/100.000. Los datos publicados respecto a la frecuencia relativa de las epilepsias y síndromes epilépticos son muy discordantes, lo que advierte de la complejidad del diagnóstico sindrómico en la infancia y de la necesidad de aplicar criterios uniformes en orden a disponer de datos epidemiológicos válidos y comparables.Background. To estimate

  5. Estudio e identificación de animales de la raza bovina de lidia de Casta Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Orrillo Cerdán, Naiara

    2010-01-01

    El ITG Ganadero, junto con el Departamento de Desarrollo Rural y Medio Ambiente del Gobierno de Navarra, vienen desarrollando desde 1998 el “Plan de recuperación y conservación del encaste fundacional Casta Navarra dentro de la raza de Lidia como ecotipo en peligro de extinción”. En la primera fase del estudio, orientada a la caracterización e identificación de los animales de “Casta Navarra”, se partió de un grupo de seis ganaderías de las cuales se recopiló toda la documen...

  6. Sobre la biología del águila calzada Hieraëtus pennatus (Gmelin, 1788) en Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Iribarren, JJ. (J. J.); Rodríguez-Arbeloa, A. (Antonio)

    1988-01-01

    Trata el presente trabajo de aspectos de la Biología del Águila calzada (Hieraétus pennatus) durante el período reproductor según observaciones realizadas en unos parajes de la zona media de Navarra. Comienza con la descripción del sistema de trabajo y posteriormente, se describe la especie, su habitat, distribución geográfica y estatus en Navarra. Según fechas de observación de los autores se trata de la fenología de migración. Un capítulo más extenso describe el comportami...

  7. Desarrollo de una aplicación web para smartphones sobre los centros de salud proporcionados por Open Data Navarra.

    OpenAIRE

    Eugui Arrizabalaga, Pablo

    2013-01-01

    El objetivo principal de nuestro proyecto es combinar la nueva iniciativa del Gobierno de Navarra llamada Open Data, que permite a los ciudadanos tener acceso a bases de datos de la Comunidad Foral de todo tipo, con el estudio de un marco de trabajo para crear aplicaciones web para dispositivos móviles. Nos hemos fijado que Open Data Navarra ofrece muchas posibilidades para las personas emprendedoras aunque todavía no conocemos muy bien su funcionamiento ni sus ventajas y limitaciones per...

  8. Soil Properties Database of Spanish Soils. Volume XIII.- Navarra and La Rioja; Base de Datos de Propiedades Edafologicas de los Suelos Espanoles. Volumen XIII.- Navarra y La Rioja

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trueba, C.; Millan, R.; Schmid, T.; Lago, C.; Roquero, C.; Magister, M. [Ciemat, Madrid (Spain)

    2000-07-01

    The soil vulnerability determines the sensitivity of the soil after an accidental radioactive contamination due to Cs-137 and Sr-90. The Departamento de Impacto Ambiental de la Energia of CIEMAT is carrying out an assessment of the radiological vulnerability of the different Spanish soils found on the Iberian Peninsula. This requires the knowledge of the soil properties for the various types of existing soils. In order to achieve this aim, a bibliographical compilation of soil profiles has been made to characterize the different soil types and create a database of their properties. depending on the year of publication and the type of documentary source the information prior to its incorporation to the database. This volume presents the criteria applied to normalize and process the data as well as the soil properties of the various soil types belonging to the Comunidades Autonomas of Navarra and La Rioja. (Author) 46 refs.

  9. Comunidad y cencerrada en el control de la vida matrimonial: Navarra siglos XVI-XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Ruiz Astiz

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available La cencerrada actuó durante la Edad Moderna como un mecanismo cultural destina-do a sancionar las prácticas desviadas y nocivas que atentaban contra el bienestar comunitario. Uno de los comportamientos que fueron per-seguidos por estos juicios de carácter popular fueron los malos tratos en el matrimonio u otras conductas, como el adulterio o el alcoho-lismo. En este artículo se pretende analizar la actitud mostrada por el vecindario en la Navarra de los siglos XVI, XVII, como «guardián» de unos valores comunitarios.

  10. La epidemia de cólera de 1885 en Navarra y en Tudela

    OpenAIRE

    Sarrasqueta-Sáenz, P. (Pilar); Leon-Sanz, P. (Pilar)

    2011-01-01

    La enfermedad epidémica perturba dramáticamente la vida y la convivencia de un grupo humano. Estudiamos la epidemia de cólera que en 1885 afectó a Navarra y fundamentalmente a la ribera de Tudela. Conoceremos las disposiciones dictadas por el Gobernador Civil, la Diputación Foral y los ayuntamientos de higiene pública y privada y analizaremos la realidad y las consecuencias de los cordones sanitarios. Describiremos el ejercicio profesional, la problemática hospitalaria, las dificultades d...

  11. Notas para una historia del Instituto de Periodismo de la Universidad de Navarra (1958-1971)

    OpenAIRE

    Barrera, C.

    2002-01-01

    El Instituto de Periodismo de la Universidad de Navarra, creado en 1958 gracias al impulso de su Fundador y Gran Canciller, el Beato Josemaría Escrivá, fue el primer centro español que integró las enseñanzas de periodismo dentro de la Universidad. Trece años después, estos estudios fueron elevados oficialmente a la categoría de Facultad universitaria en toda España. En este artículo se explican los orígenes del Instituto, los principales hitos de su breve historia y algunas dificultades encon...

  12. Estudio descriptivo de la transexualidad en Navarra Descriptive study of transexuality in Navarre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Basterra

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. La transexualidad ha sido reconocida en Navarra como una entidad clínica que debe ser atendida de forma multidisciplinar dentro del Servicio Navarro de Salud. Métodos. Se analizan los datos epidemiológicos de 35 sujetos que han acudido a la Unidad Navarra de Transexuales e Intersexos (UNATI desde abril de 2011. Se recogen variables relacionadas con parámetros sociodemográficos, transexualidad y tratamiento. Resultados. La edad media es de 37,3 años. El 65,7% de los sujetos nacieron en España. El 71,4% de los usuarios son transexuales femeninas. Actualmente el 62,9% de los sujetos reciben tratamiento hormonal. Entre las transexuales femeninas el 20% se han sometido a mamoplastia, el 4% a vaginoplastia y el 20% a ambas intervenciones. De los transexuales masculinos el 10% se ha realizado una mastectomía, el 10% una histerectomía con doble anexectomía y el 60% ambas intervenciones. Conclusiones. La mayor parte de los transexuales de Navarra están siendo valorados en UNATI. Han acudido más transexuales femeninas que masculinos. Las transexuales femeninas se someten con mayor frecuencia a cirugía de reasignación y los masculinos a cirugía extirpativa.Background. Transexuality has been recognized in Navarre as a clinical entity that must be attended to in a multidisciplinary form in the Navarre Health Service. Methods. An analysis was made of the epidemiological data of 35 subjects who have attended the Navarre Transexual and Intersex Unit (UNATI. Unidad Navarra de Transexuales e Intersexos since April 2011. The variables related to socio-demographic parameters, transexuality and treatment were collected. Results. The average age was 37.3 years. Sixty-five point seven percent of the subjects were born in Spain. Seventy-one point four percent of the users are feminine transsexuals. At present 62.9% of the subjects are receiving hormonal treatment. Amongst the feminine transexuals 20% have had a mamoplasty, 4% have had a

  13. Armeros milaneses en Navarra: la producción de Eugui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Godoy, José A.

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1595, Philip II summoned a group of Milanese armourers to settle in Eugui (Navarre. Their main work was produced under Philip III. This paper studies these armourers, their trademarks. creations, working conditions and relationships.

    Felipe II ordenó en 1595 el establecimiento en Eugui (Navarra de un grupo de armeros milaneses especializados en el arte de la armadura. Las principales obras se produjeron sin embargo durante el reinado de Felipe III. Se estudia detenidamente la manufactura de Eugui, sus marcas, obras, las circunstancias de sus trabajos y sus relaciones laborales.

  14. Salida de campo a la Laguna de Pitillas (Navarra) el 14 de agosto de 1956

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo desde San Sebastián a la Laguna de Pitillas, en Navarra, el 14 de agosto de 1956, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre los siguientes mamíferos: Mustela putorius (Turón) y Vulpes vulpes (Zorro, también llamado Raposo por el autor), y las siguientes aves: Acrocephalus schoenobaenus (Carricerín común), Actitis hypoleucos (Andarríos chico, llamado Actynioides hypoleucus por el autor), Alauda arvensis (Alondra común), Anas platyrhynchos (Ánade azulón, también llamado Pato bra...

  15. [Attitudes towards the profession of medical students of the University of Navarra].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alins Rami, I; Corral Munar, A; García Lavigne, J A; Lorente Garín, J A

    1990-01-01

    A recent sounding hold among the medicine students of the Navarra University provided us sufficient information about some aspects of this profession and the evolution that might suffer through the career time. The enquiry used 534 students of different grades. The deep and the up-to-date technical training is considered a fundamental characteristic of the good professional though the hospital medicine is the most desirable working option. However, the improvement of the present sanitary situation pass obligatorily--as stated by the inquirees--by the impulse to the primary medicine. PMID:2130424

  16. Incidencia de cáncer en Navarra (1998-2000) Incidence of cancer in Navarre

    OpenAIRE

    Ardanaz, E.; Moreno, C; M.E. Pérez de Rada Arístegui; C. Ezponda; N. Navaridas

    2004-01-01

    Entre 1998 y 2000 se registraron un promedio anual de 3.303 casos de cáncer invasivo en Navarra, el 58% en hombres. Si exceptuamos los tumores de piel no melanoma el número anual de casos fue de 2.495, con tasas de incidencia bruta de 559 y 372 por 100.000 en hombres y en mujeres y unas tasas ajustadas a la población mundial de 312 y 203 por 100.000, respectivamente. Entre los hombres las cuatro localizaciones tumorales más frecuentemente diagnosticadas fueron próstata, pulmón, colorectal y v...

  17. La reforma psiquiátrica en Navarra, 1986-1991.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JA Inchauspe Aróstegui

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta el proceso de reforma psiquiátrica en Navarra, inspirado, como principales directrices, en el Informe de la Comisión Ministerial para la Reforma Psiquiátrica de Abril de 1985, y en la Ley de Sanidad de 1986. Las características geo-socio-demográficas, la dotación de recursos y la coyuntura política (Gobierno Socialista han sido, sin duda, factores favorables para la implantación y desarrollo del Plan de Salud Mental de la Comunidad Foral.

  18. ViasNAV: Implementación de un sitema de información geográfica de la red viaria de Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Lucas Ibáñez, Asier

    2015-01-01

    En este Trabajo de Fin de Grado hemos desarrollado una aplicación para la gestión viaria de las carreteras navarras, denominada “ViasNAV”. Ha sido realizada gracias a los recursos Open Data que el Gobierno de Navarra tiene disponibles públicamente en su página web, además de otra información obtenida por nosotros. Para su representación hemos empleado los mapas que también públicamente tiene a disposición SITNA (Sistema de Información Territorial de Navarra). La principal novedad de est...

  19. Epidemiological Characteristics and Overall Burden of Accidental Injuries in Navarra, Spain: Epidemiology of Injuries in Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferraz-Torres, Marta; Belzunegui-Otano, Tomás; Martínez-García, Oscar; Iriarte-Cerdán, Laura; Salgado-Reguero, Esther

    2016-01-01

    Injuries caused by accidents or violent situations in pediatric patients are a serious social problem where prevention plays a key role. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiological situation of pediatric injuries in Spain. A prospective study of pediatric patients receiving care in the Emergency Service of the Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra due to for reasons of accidental injury was conducted. The study covered a period of 1 year and assessed a total of 16 variables. There were a total of 8,876 patients, of whom 56.4% were males. Traumatic injuries such as fractures and craniocerebral trauma were identified as the most frequent injuries, occurring as a result of injuries mainly in the home. In females, there was a decrease in the incidence of injuries related to age. There was a greater incidence at the end of the day, during the weekend, and in the months of March to October. The epidemiological profile of pediatric patients who met with accidents in Navarra, Spain, is described. The knowledge of the main areas and factors related to injuries allows us to improve preventive measures, which would contribute to better control in this region of Spain. PMID:27414146

  20. El proceso de reforma administrativa de la renta del Tabaco en Navarra durante el siglo XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Solbes Ferri

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo está centrado en la evolución de la gestión administrativa del monopolio fiscal del tabaco en Navarra durante la centuria dieciochesca. Su inicio se sitúa en el arrendamiento del estanco en 1717 por el Gobierno central a la Hacienda foral de Navarra -propietaria del mismo desde su creación en 1642- y analiza las sucesivas fases a través de las cuáles dicha administración central fue progresivamente adquiriendo el control absoluto de la renta en este territorio.The present paper is specially based in the evolution of the administration of the tobacco state monopoly in the Kingdom of Navarre during the eighteen century. We start in the lease of the income in 1717 to his old owner (the Foral Administration since 1642 and analyse the following phases through the Central Government was getting the control of the monopoly in this territory.

  1. Vigilancia epidemiológica de las infecciones por el VIH/sida en Navarra entre 1985 y 2002 Epidemiological surveillance of HIV/Aids infections in Navarra between 1985 and 2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C Moreno

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available En el año 1985 se diagnosticaron en Navarra los primeros casos de sida. Desde entonces y hasta diciembre de 2002 según las notificaciones recibidas se han contabilizado 2.329 personas con infección por VIH, de las que 1.538 eran de Navarra y 791 residentes temporales en esta comunidad autónoma. La incidencia de nuevos diagnósticos de infección por VIH y casos de sida muestran una clara tendencia descendente en Navarra en los últimos años. La disminución de casos ha sido muy importante entre los usuarios de drogas de inyección, mientras que los casos entre los homo/bisexuales y los casos relacionados con la transmisión heterosexual se mantienen bastante estables. En el período 1999-2002, los casos de infección a través de una relación sexual son más numerosos que los casos registrados en usuarios de drogas de inyección. La proporción de casos en personas originarias de países de alta endemia está aumentando, llegando a suponer en torno al 25% de los nuevos casos de infección en el período 2000-2002. El seguimiento de los 1.538 pacientes VIH de Navarra ha mostrado que a finales del 2002, en el 39,5% se había registrado el fallecimiento y en el 55% se pudo constatar que seguían vivos. En cuanto a su relación con los servicios asistenciales, se ha encontrado que de los 847 pacientes que continúan vivos, una gran mayoría (80% están siendo atendidos por el Servicio de Infecciosas del Hospital de Navarra y otro 9,4% en los Servicios de Medicina Interna de los Hospitales García Orcoyen y Reina Sofía.In the year 1985, the first cases of Aids were diagnosed in Navarra. Since then and until December 2002, according to the notifications received, 2,329 persons with HIV have been counted, of whom 1,538 were from Navarra and 791 temporary residents in this autonomous community. In recent years, the incidence of new diagnoses of HIV infection and cases of Aids has shown a clear tendency to fall in Navarra. The decrease in cases

  2. Cryptosporidium hominis genotypes involved in increased incidence and clusters of cases, Navarra, Spain, 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuentes, I; Martín, C; Beristain, X; Mazón, A; Saugar, J M; Blanco, A; García Cenoz, M; Valle-Cristia, M; Ezpeleta, C; Castilla, J

    2015-04-01

    SUMMARY Two clusters of confirmed cryptosporidiosis infections were detected in Navarra, Spain, in the summer of 2012, in the context of an increased incidence in the region. Molecular subtyping of Cryptosporidium hominis determined that one cluster, occurring in an urban area, was due to the predominant circulating subtype IbA10G2R2 and the other cluster, with cases occurring in a rural area, was due to a rare subtype IaA18R3. No single exposure was associated with infection, although exposure to certain children's pools was reported by a majority of patients interviewed in each cluster. Genotyping tools were useful in the investigation and could aid investigation of cryptosporidiosis outbreaks in Spain in the future. PMID:25017000

  3. Icnitas de artiodactilos (Mammalia del Paleogeno de Olcoz (Depresion del Ebro, Navarra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murelaga, X.

    1994-04-01

    Full Text Available A group of fossil mammal ichnites from the proximity of the town of Olcoz (Navarra, Ebro Basin is described herein. The tracks occur on sandstone beds of the Mués Formation of Suevian (Early Oligocene age. Owing to their morphology these ichnites have been assigned to artiodactyl mammals and can be compared to Entelodontipus forms. Moreover, this represents the second known finding of this ichnogenus. Among the tracks of this deposit there is a significant heterogeneity which is due to the variable penetration and displacement of the autopodes on the substrate. On Olcoz the presence of abundant ichnites that follow subparallel tracks allows the establishment of the gregarious behaviour of the producers of such tracks.Se describe un conjunto de icnitas fósiles de mamíferos ubicado en los alrededores de la localidad navarra de Olcoz (Depresión del Ebro. Las huellas se localizan en niveles areniscosos de la «Formación de Mués», de posible edad Sueviense (Oligoceno inferior. Por su morfología pueden asignarse a mamíferos artiodáctilos y resultan comparables a Entelodontipus, constituyendo este hallazgo una segunda cita para dicho icnogénero. En este yacimiento se constata una notable variabilidad morfológica de las huellas, resultado de la distinta penetración y desplazamiento de los autópodos en el sustrato. La presencia en Olcoz de numerosas icnitas formando rastros subparalelos permite inferir el comportamiento gregario de sus productores.

  4. Propuesta de implantación de una unidad de lactancia materna en el Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Serrano Alonso, Iraia

    2014-01-01

    Las consultas/unidades de lactancia materna son un recurso con el que cuentan ya algunos hospitales españoles. El Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra (CHN) todavía no ha implantado este dispositivo, dejando los cuidados de lactancia en manos de los profesiones sanitaros de los diferentes servicios materno-infantiles. A lo largo del proceso de instauración de la lactancia pueden surgir complicaciones que requieran de una asistencia y seguimiento especializados. Se propone la creaci...

  5. Fuentes documentales para la historia de la tecnología navarra en el Archivo de la Oficina Española de patentes y marcas: los expedientes de patentes (1878-1939)

    OpenAIRE

    Berzal Tejero, María Jesús

    2009-01-01

    El presente trabajo ofrece una visión general sobre las fuentes documentales para la historia de la tecnología Navarra conservadas en el Archivo de la Oficina Española de Patentes y Marcas. Se presenta un listado de los expedientes de patentes (1878-1939) solicitados por inventores residentes en Navarra.

  6. Situación de las Enfermedades de Declaración Obligatoria (EDO en Navarra: 2002 Diseases of Compulsory Notification (DCN in Navarra: 2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Urtiaga

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Desde 1998, el Sistema de Vigilancia Epidemiológica de Navarra comprende la notificación de 34 enfermedades transmisibles infecciosas a las que se añaden los brotes epidémicos de cualquier etiología y causa. La declaración al sistema se realiza de forma semanal por todo médico que sospeche o diagnostique cualquiera de estos procesos. En nuestra comunidad, las Enfermedades de Declaración Obligatoria (EDO se notifican en impresos normalizados y con periodicidad semanal a la Sección de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Control de Brotes del Instituto de Salud Pública. La declaración la efectúan todos los médicos y/o pediatras de Atención Primaria y de determinados servicios de Asistencia Especializada. Posteriormente, la información se envía al Centro Nacional de Epidemiología donde se centralizan y difunden los datos de las Comunidades Autónomas. Con el año 2002, se cumplen cinco años del nuevo Sistema de Vigilancia Epidemiológica de Navarra. En estos 5 años se han notificado 74.814 declaraciones de enfermedad, 17.184 en el año 2002, lo que arroja para este año un porcentaje de declaración de 74,07%. En el año 2002, en lo que respecta a la rúbrica de enfermedades de transmisión respiratoria, se han notificado 24.870 casos de gripe, Índice Epidémico (IE: 0,80. En las nueve primeras semanas del año se notificaron el 58% de los casos correspondientes al año completo, con un máximo en la semana 4 con 3.277 casos notificados. Se notificaron al sistema 16 casos de Enfermedad Meningocócica (IE: 1,07. Todos ellos fueron confirmados microbiológicamente, presentándose asimismo de manera esporádica. Respecto al serogrupo causal, en 12 ocasiones se aisló Neisseria meningitidis serogrupo B y en las cuatro restantes se aisló el serogrupo C. Un caso se notificó en menores de 2 años (Tasa: 10,52 casos por 100.000 habitantes, otro caso en niños de 2 a 5 años (5,52 casos por 100.000, cinco casos en el grupo de edad de 6 a 19 a

  7. Soil Properties Database of Spanish Soils. Volumen XIII.- Navarra and La Rioja

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The soil vulnerability determines the sensitivity of the soil after an accidental radioactive contamination due to Cs-137 and Sr-90. The Departamento de Impacto Ambiental de la Energia of CIEMAT is carrying out an assessment of the radiological vulnerability of the different Spanish soils found on the Iberian Peninsula. This requires the knowledge of the soil properties for the various types of existing soils. In order to achieve this aim, a bibliographical compilation of soil profiles has been made to characterize the different soil types and create a database of their properties. Depending on the year of publication and the type of documentary source, the information compiled from the available bibliography is very heterogeneous. Therefore, an important effort has been made to normalize and process the information prior to its incorporation to the database. This volume presents the criteria applied to normalize and process the data as well as the soil properties of the various soil types belonging to the Comunidades Autonomas of Navarra and La Rioja. (Author) 46 refs

  8. Incapacidad laboral por patología del aparato locomotor en la Comunidad Foral de Navarra: Aspectos epidemiológicos Occupational disability due to locomotor pathology in the Foral Community of Navarra: Epidemiological aspects

    OpenAIRE

    E. Sáinz de Murieta; J. Fernández Baraibar; Pascual, I.; Mena, A.; A. Martínez-Zubiri; M.J. Condón

    2005-01-01

    Introducción. La discapacidad producida por la patología del aparato locomotor ocasiona una pérdida de horas de trabajo y unos costes indirectos que están aumentando a un ritmo creciente. Los objetivos de este estudio son estimar los costes en horas de trabajo totales perdidas ocasionadas por la patología del aparato locomotor en 2 áreas sanitarias de Navarra con 441.600 habitantes, obtener estándares de duración e incidencia de bajas y estudiar la relación entre duración media de las bajas y...

  9. Tendencias en las tasas de incidencia de cáncer colorrectal en Navarra en el periodo 1990-2005

    OpenAIRE

    Etxeberria Andueza, Jaione; Ugarte Martínez, María Dolores; Barricarte Gurrea, Aurelio; Goicoa Mangado, Tomás; Moreno Iribas, C.; Azagra, M. J.; San Roman, E; Burgui, R.; Fernández Militino, Ana; E. Ardanaz

    2012-01-01

    Fundamento. En España, se ha observado un aumento de la incidencia de cáncer colorrectal (CCR) en ambos sexos en los últimos años, posiblemente debido a las mejoras diagnósticas, a la occidentalización de la dieta y al empeoramiento de los niveles de obesidad entre otros. En este trabajo se han estudiado las tendencias de la incidencia de CCR en las diferentes áreas de salud de Navarra (norte de España) durante el período 1990-2005. Métodos. Para cada sexo y área, se o...

  10. Contribución al conocimiento de los quilópodos de Navarra (Myriapoda:Chilopoda)

    OpenAIRE

    Salinas, J.A. (J.A.)

    1990-01-01

    Se han estudiado 655 ejemplares de miriápodos quilópodos de la provincia de Navarra correspondientes a 34 especies, de las cuales 17 son, según ia bibliografía consultada, nuevas citas para esta provincia. De cada una de estas nuevas citas se da: descripción, un breve comentario, distribución, número de capturas, iconografía original y mapa en coordenadas U.T.M. de las localidades en que ha sido recogida. Del resto de las especies se dan: relación de material estudiado y mapa e...

  11. Salmonelosis no tifoidea en un área de salud de navarra, españa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gil-Setas Alberto

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: La gastroenteritis por Salmonella es una zoonosis que se transmite por la ingestión de alimentos, agua o fomites contaminados por las heces de un animal o persona infectados y constituye una pandemia de distribución mundial. El objetivo del trabajo ha sido el estudio de la evolución de la salmonelosis no tifoidea en el Área de Salud I de Navarra (376.079 habitantes. Método: Se analizaron retrospectivamente 39.697 coprocultivos extrahospitalarios realizados durante 1993-2000. Para el aislamiento de enteropatógenos bacterianos se emplearon métodos convencionales. Las cepas de Salmonella spp fueron serotipificadas. Otras variables estudiadas fueron edad, sexo, fecha de aislamiento y sensibilidad a antimicrobianos. Resultados: Se aislaron 2.924 Salmonella spp (7,4%. El serotipo más frecuente fue Salmonella Enteritidis (62%. La tasa de mayor incidencia se dio en la edad pediátrica y especialmente en los menores de 1 año (1.117,3 × 100.000 habitantes. El serotipo Typhimurium fue globalmente más resistente que el serotipo Enteritidis, aunque en ambos se ha constatado con el tiempo un aumento de las resistencias. Conclusiones: a pesar de las mejoras socioeconómicas y de la calidad de vida, la gastroenteritis por Salmonella spp ha ido en aumento en los últimos años, afectando sobre todo a los niños más pequeños y constituyendo un importante problema de salud pública.

  12. Brote nosocomial y comunitario de queratoconjuntivitis epidémica en Navarra

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    Salcedo Miqueleiz Asunción

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: La queratoconjuntivitis epidémica (QCE es una infección aguda, generalmente bilateral, que se presenta de forma esporádica o en brotes a partir de una fuente de infección común, que puede ser una consulta de oftalmología o una piscina. La queratitis puede evolucionar hacia la formación de lesiones subepiteliales cornéales que pueden persistir durante varios meses. El objetivo de este trabaji fue la descripción de un brote de queratoconjuntivitis epidémica ocurrido en Navarra (España entre Abril y Agosto de 1996 que afectó al menos a 266 personas MÉTODOS: Descripción del brote, definición de caso clínico, investigación microbiológica, e investigación epidemiológica del brote mediante encuesta. RESULTADOS: En la investigación epidemiológica destaca la existencia de 2 consultas de oftalmología como mecanismo de transmisión de la enfermedad en 47 de los 116 pacientes investigados. La diseminación de la enfermedad en el entorno de los pacientes se pudo conocer en 119 casos, de éstos, 62 se consideraron casos secundarios. El diagnóstico etiológico del brote se realizó a los 11 días de iniciada la investigación microbiológica, aislándose adenovirus en muestras conjuntivales de 8 de los 19 pacientes investigados. CONCLUSIONES: Las medidas de prevención instauradas para el control del brote y la eficacia de las mismas se pone de manifiesto por la reducción paulatina de casos.

  13. Acceso abierto y visibilidad de la investigación. El caso de Dadun, Depósito Digital de la Universidad de Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Eslava, S. (Salomé); Iturbide-Tellechea, A. (Arantxa)

    2014-01-01

    Comunicación presentada en el Congreso «Humanidades digitales: visibilidad y difusión de la investigación», celebrado en Pamplona los días 23 y 24 de mayo de 2013. La presentación la realizaron Salomé Eslava y Arantxa Iturbide, del Servicio de Biblioteca de la Univeridad de Navarra.

  14. Los Commentarios de Phelippe Segundo de Pedro de Navarra: Descripción del manuscrito BH FG 1909

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cabello Martín, Mercedes

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La Biblioteca Histórica de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid conserva, desde el año 2006, el manuscrito de una obra de Pedro de Navarra, inédita y desconocida hasta ahora, titulada Commentarios de Phelippe Segundo. En ella se narran los hechos sucedidos entre los años 1553 y 1559, en los reinados de Carlos I y de Felipe II. El objeto de este artículo es describir el manuscrito, analizar su contenido y estudiar su procedencia.Since 2006, the Biblioteca Historica of the Universidad Complutense of Madrid holds an unpublished and unknown manuscript of a work of Pedro de Navarra, with the title Commentarios de Phelippe Segundo (Comments on Philip II of Spain. This manuscript describes the events between 1553 and 1559, during the reigns of Charles I and Philip II of Spain. The aim of this paper is to describe the manuscript, to analyze its contents and to study its provenance.

  15. Las expectativas educativas de la población inmigrante en Navarra. ¿Optimismo inmigrante o efectos de escuela?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cebolla Boado, Héctor

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we use the Evaluation Survey for Secondary Schooling conducted by the Regional Government of Navarra in 2010 to study migrant-native differentials in the educational expectation of students. Our evidence confirms the existence of what the international literature has labelled “immigrant optimism”, in other words, the fact that immigrantorigin students are more ambitious than what should be expected according to their socioeconomic status or their prior school achievement. Once we identify this regularity, the paper explores the causes of this particular differential between migrants and natives suggesting that individual level characteristics (broadly speaking family level features are the most plausible source of this optimism. The sorting of migrants in the Navarre school map and the school characteristics appears to be less relevant to understand this immigrant optimism.Este trabajo explota los micro-datos de la Encuesta de Evaluación de la Educación Secundaria realizado en Navarra en 2010 para estudiar las expectativas educativas de la población escolar en función de su estatus migratorio. En sintonía con la literatura internacional, identificamos en Navarra la confirmación de lo que otros estudios internacionales han denominado “optimismo inmigrante” es decir, el hecho de que las expectativas de los estudiantes de origen inmigrante sean, en media, superiores a las de los autóctonos, dado su rendimiento educativo previo y la situación socioeconómica de sus familias. Identificada esta regularidad, el trabajo explora las causas de este diferencial inmigrante-autóctono sugiriendo que son las características individuales y/o familiares de los inmigrantes las que producen este desajuste entre expectativas y rendimiento. La distribución de inmigrantes en el mapa escolar navarro o las características de la escuela a las que asisten los estudiantes que forman parte del estudio, parecen argumentos poco útiles para

  16. Incapacidad laboral por patología del aparato locomotor en la Comunidad Foral de Navarra: Aspectos epidemiológicos Occupational disability due to locomotor pathology in the Foral Community of Navarra: Epidemiological aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Sáinz de Murieta

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción. La discapacidad producida por la patología del aparato locomotor ocasiona una pérdida de horas de trabajo y unos costes indirectos que están aumentando a un ritmo creciente. Los objetivos de este estudio son estimar los costes en horas de trabajo totales perdidas ocasionadas por la patología del aparato locomotor en 2 áreas sanitarias de Navarra con 441.600 habitantes, obtener estándares de duración e incidencia de bajas y estudiar la relación entre duración media de las bajas y variables como la accesibilidad geográfica a los servicios de rehabilitación, vivir en entorno rural o urbano y entre diferentes áreas sanitarias. Material y métodos. Se han estudiado todos los procesos de incapacidad temporal por patología del aparato locomotor en las Áreas Sanitarias I y III de Navarra en 1997 y 1998, recogiendo diferentes variables. Se ha realizado un estudio descriptivo de las patologías, contabilizando las jornadas laborales perdidas. Calculamos la incidencia anual de bajas por patologías. Comparamos duración media con otras variables. Resultados. La discapacidad producida por la patología del aparato locomotor supone pérdidas de 221.054 jornadas de trabajo/año. La lumbalgia, el esguince de tobillo son los procesos más frecuentes. Encontramos un aumento en la incidencia de incapacidad temporal por lumbalgia y lumbociatalgia en las zonas básicas rurales de la zona media. No existen diferencias estadísticamente significativas con una pIntroduction. Disability produced by locomotor pahtology causes a loss in working hours and indirect costs that are increasing at a growing rate. The aims of this study are to estimate the costs in total working hours lost caused by this pathology in two health areas of Navarra with 441,600 inhabitants, to obtain standards for the duration and incidence of sick leave and to study the relation between the average duration of sick leave and variables such as the geographical

  17. La salud dental de los niños y adolescentes de Navarra, 2007 (4ª edición) Dental health of children and adolescents of Navarra, 2007 (4th edition)

    OpenAIRE

    F.J. Cortés; J. Artázcoz; E. Rosel; González, P. (Purificación); M.A. Asenjo; I. Sáinz de Murieta; Bravo, M.

    2009-01-01

    Fundamento. Transcurridos 5 años desde la última encuesta (2002), se procede a una nueva edición que supone la 4ª desde 1987. El objetivo es conocer el estado de salud oral de niños y adolescentes de Navarra y su evolución. Población y métodos. La muestra (n=1.397) fue seleccionada mediante muestreo probabilístico polietápico, tomando como unidad las aulas de 1º y 6º de Enseñanza Primaria y de 2º de Enseñanza Secundaria Obligatoria. El trabajo de campo se realizó entre los meses de abril y ma...

  18. Aportación al estudio de los yacimientos líticos postpaleolíticos al aire libre en Navarra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier ARMENDÁRIZ MARUJA

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: En este artículo se aborda la problemática de los yacimientos de sílex al aire libre en Navarra, proponiendo tras un estudio comparativo, una sistematización cronológica que va desde el Neolítico Pleno a la Edad del Bronce. Paralelamente se define un nuevo útil lítico (Elemento sobre hoja recortada-E.H.R. y se analiza el fenómeno de las llamadas «hachas votivas».ABSTRACT: This article deals with the problem of open-air with remains of flintstone tools in Navarra. Through a comparative survey, it is given a chronology which dates from the Neolithic to the Bronze Age. We also define a new lithic tool (E.H.R. and we analyse the subject of the so named «votive axes».

  19. Allium pyrenaicum Costa and Vayr. (Liliaceae en el Valle del Roncal (Pirineo Occidental, Navarra : Propuesta para su protección legal /

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorda López, M.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Allium pyrenaicum (Liliaceae se cita por primera vez para Navarra (Pirineo Occidental ; se trata de una planta endémica del Pirineo, con área disyunta en Cataluña, al Este, y en Aragón-Navarra, al Oeste. Además de los datos corológicos, en esta nota se estima el tamaño de la población y se comentan su hábitat, posibles riesgos y grado de protección. Tambien se aporta in mapa de distribución del taxón y fotografía de este ajo silvestre.

  20. El Instituto Navarro de Administración Pública y el desarrollo de la Psicología Aplicada en Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    JESÚS RAMÓN LOITEGUI ALDAZ

    2007-01-01

    El presente trabajo muestra el desarrollo orgánico del Instituto de Psicología Aplicada de Navarra, creado en 1961, hasta convertirse en la actualidad en el Instituto Navarro de Administración Pública y su vinculación con la aplicación de la Psicología en Navarra. Finalizando la década de los años 60 las funciones propias del Instituto eran la orientación profesional, la selección profesional, la asistencia psiquiátrica y la investigación y promoción de la Psicología. Estas funciones se lleva...

  1. Incidencia de cáncer en Navarra (1998-2000 Incidence of cancer in Navarre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Ardanaz

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Entre 1998 y 2000 se registraron un promedio anual de 3.303 casos de cáncer invasivo en Navarra, el 58% en hombres. Si exceptuamos los tumores de piel no melanoma el número anual de casos fue de 2.495, con tasas de incidencia bruta de 559 y 372 por 100.000 en hombres y en mujeres y unas tasas ajustadas a la población mundial de 312 y 203 por 100.000, respectivamente. Entre los hombres las cuatro localizaciones tumorales más frecuentemente diagnosticadas fueron próstata, pulmón, colorectal y vejiga que sumaron el 57% de todos los casos. Entre las mujeres destacan por su frecuencia los tumores de mama, colorectal, cuerpo de útero y ovario que sumaron el 54% del total de los casos. Respecto al quinquenio 1993-97, la incidencia global de cáncer en el trienio 1998-2000 ha aumentado un 4,2% en los hombres y un 7,4% en las mujeres. A destacar el aumento de incidencia de cáncer de pulmón y linfomas no Hodgkin en ambos sexos y del cáncer de mama en mujeres y próstata en hombres. Continúan descendiendo las tasas de incidencia de cáncer de estómago en ambos sexos, siguiendo la tendencia iniciada en los 70.Between 1998 and 2000 an annual average of 3,303 cases of invasive cancer were registered in Navarre, 58% of them in men. If we except non melanoma skin tumours, the annual number of cases was 2,495, with gross incidence rates of 559 and 372 per 100,000 in men and women, and rates adjusted to the world population of 312 and 203 per 100,000 respectively. Amongst men, the four most frequently diagnosed tumoural localisations were the prostate, lung, colorectal and bladder, accounting for 57% of all cases. The most notable due to their frequency amongst women were tumours of the breast, colorectal, uterus body and ovary, accounting for 54% of all cases. With respect to the five year period from 1993 to1997, the global incidence of cancer in the three year period from 1998 to 2000 has increased 4.2% in men and 7.4% in women. The incidence of

  2. Economía ganadera y medio ambiente. Guipúzcoa y el Noreste de Navarra en la Baja Edad Media

    OpenAIRE

    José Ramón Díaz de Durana; Jon Andoni Fernández de Larrea

    2002-01-01

    Based on the municipal records and documents from Navarra and Castilian Royal archives, we compare two animal husbandry models in the Western Pyrenees during the Late Middle Ages. On the one hand, livestock raising in Guipúzcoa was typically transterminant, based on small radius movements between summer and winter sites, within one valley or its surrounding areas. On the other hand and in the valleys of Aezkoa, Salazar, and Roncal, we find long cycle transhumance, whose winter destinations we...

  3. Exhumación, identificación y causa de muerte en la fosa común de Aibar-Oibar (Navarra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuñez, C.,

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan los resultados de la investigación llevada a cabo en una fosa común situada en la localidad de Aibar (Navarra, en donde fueron inhumadas cuatro personas que fueron asesinadas en 1936. De conformidad a las fuentes documentales existentes así como al estudio antropológico y genético, se establece la identidad y la causa de la muerte relacionada con disparos por arma de fuego.

  4. Exhumación y análisis de los restos humanos recuperados en una fosa común del cementerio de Tudela (Navarra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jimenez, J.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan los resultados de la exhumación y análisis de los restos humanos de una fosa común perteneciente a la Guerra Civil en la localidad de Tudela (Navarra, en donde fueron recuperados dos esqueletos completos que han sido identificados mediante las correspondientes pruebas genéticas, confirmando la hipótesis de trabajo.

  5. Los sistemas de información geográfica (SIG) como herramienta de análisis de la información contenida en el cartilario de Teobaldo I, rey de Navarra (documento 316 del cartulario 1): Tudela y su espacio periurbano

    OpenAIRE

    Goñi Ares de Parga, Mercedes; Mugueta Moreno, Íñigo

    2013-01-01

    Póster presentado al II Encuentro Internacional de Medievalistas organizado por el Departamento de Geografía e Historia de la Universidad Pública de Navarra, con la colaboración de la Sociedad de Estudios Históricos de Navarra. Pamplona, 21-22 de noviembre de 2013.

  6. Registro de enfermedades respiratorias de origen laboral en Navarra Registry of occupational respiratory diseases in Navarre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Abú Shams

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. Con objeto de analizar la incidencia y características de la patología respiratoria ocupacional en Navarra, se implantó en enero de 2002 el Registro de Enfermedades Respiratorias de Origen Laboral. Métodos. Los casos notificados por los médicos colaboradores durante los años 2002, 2003 y 2004, se introdujeron en una base de datos diseñada para su análisis posterior, que constaba de distintas variables: sexo, edad, tabaco, servicio y médico declarante, diagnóstico, profesión y agente causal. Resultados. Se notificaron 125 casos. 97 varones (77,6% y 28 mujeres (22,4%. La media de edad fue 55,4 años. Ochenta y ocho pacientes no fumaban (70,4% y 37 eran fumadores (29,6%. Neumología declaró 84 casos (67,2% y Alergología 41 (32,8%. Los diagnósticos fueron: 50 casos de asma bronquial (40%, 31 de enfermedad pleural benigna (24,8%, 8 alveolitis alérgica extrínseca (6,4%, 8 mesotelioma (6,4%, 7 cáncer broncopulmonar (5,6%, 5 inhalaciones agudas (4%, 3 asbestosis (2,4%, 2 rinitis (1,6%, 1 RADS (0,8% y 1 EPOC (0,8%. Las profesiones más declaradas: 13 pintura/barnizado (10,4%, 12 hilado de ovillos de amianto (9,6% y 8 panadería/pastelería (6,4%. Como agentes causales principales: 49 casos de asbesto (39,2%, 15 isocianatos (12% y 8 sílice (6,4%. Conclusiones. La patología más frecuente fue el asma bronquial, seguida de la enfermedad pleural benigna. La profesión más notificada era pintura/barnizado y en segundo lugar hilado de ovillos. El asbesto fue la primera sustancia implicada seguida de los isocianatos. La mayoría de pacientes eran varones y no fumadores. El Servicio de Neumología del Hospital Virgen del Camino notificó el mayor número de casos. El análisis de contraste de proporciones mostró cierta tendencia a la significación en rinitis, asma bronquial y asbestosis.Background. In January 2002 an occupational respiratory diseases record was established in Navarre so that the number and characteristics of the

  7. Cerveri de Girona, “Entr’Arago e Navarra jazia” (BdT 434.7a

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    Marco Grimaldi

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The rubric in Chansonnier Sg classifies “Entr’Arago e Navarra jazia” by Cerveri de Girona as a ‘sompni’ (‘dream’. Thirteenth-century Occitan and Catalan arts of poetry define the ‘sompni’ as a minor thematic genre in which the poet recounts events which took place in a dream (“en durmen”. On the basis of the rubric in Sg and the definition in the treatises, the only hints at the existence of the genre, this paper will outline a small corpus of five/six troubadour poems based on the narration of a dream and significant examples of ‘sompni’. The hypothesis that a ‘genre’ defined as sompni exsisted and circulated beyond Occitania is furthermore linked to similar compositions by Paolo Lanfranchi, a thirteenth-century poet from Pistoia, and to some ‘cantigas de amigo’ by Johan Mendiz de Briteyros, a Galician-Portuguese troubadour. The paper will also seek to demonstrate the loss of a line in the final stanza, so far unnoticed by previous editors, and suggest a date for the poem around 1276.

  8. Calidad en la Administración Pública: Aplicación de la ISO 9001:2000 a la selección de personal en el ámbito de la Administración Pública Navarra

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    ANA FRAILE BLÁZQUEZ

    2007-01-01

    Los procesos de selección de personal que realiza el Instituto Navarro de Administración Pública (INAP) obtuvo en el 2002 el certificado de calidad ISO 9001-2000. El INAP es un organismo autónomo adscrito al Departamento de Presidencia, Justicia e Interior del Gobierno de Navarra que, entre otras funciones, actúa en los procesos de selección de personal para empleo público, tanto para puestos de la Administración foral como de las administraciones locales de Navarra. El certificado de calidad...

  9. Envejecimiento y deterioro de las personas con discapacidad intelectual en el ámbito del empleo en la Comunidad Foral de Navarra. Investigación y sensibilización para la igualdad de oportunidades y la productividad

    OpenAIRE

    FEAPS Navarra

    2005-01-01

    FEAPS Navarra ha realizado, en colaboración con la Fundación Koiné-Aequalitas, un estudio sobre el envejecimiento y el deterioro de personas con discapacidad intelectual en el ámbito del empleo en la Comunidad Foral de Navarra. Para la obtención de la información se han realizado diferentes encuestas a la personas con discapacidad intelectual que trabajan en los Centros Especiales de Empleo y Ocupacionales de TASUBINSA. La razón por la que se seleccionó esta muestra es fundamentalmente porqu...

  10. Desarrollos innovativos en la asignatura Métodos y Técnicas de Investigación Social: el caso de los estudios de Sociología Aplicada en la Universidad Pública de Navarra

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    Vidal Díaz-de-Rada

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Los actuales planes de estudios de los grados de Sociología están aumentando el componente aplicado de la disciplina, orientándolo hacia el estudio científico de la realidad social. Esta situación genera “desajustes” al considerar el tipo de alumnado que se matricula en Sociología, estudiantes con escaso conocimiento estadístico/matemático, al provenir –en su mayor parte– del bachillerato en Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales. Esta exigua formación matemática y el deseo de estudiar carreras “de letras” precisa de una labor formativa que, en sus primeras etapas, debe estar enfocada a eliminar el hechizo mágico de los números para, en un segundo momento, tratar de transmitir la importancia que tienen los indicadores sociales (con información numérica para el conocimiento de la realidad social. En este texto se presentan las estrategias y los recursos pedagógicos utilizados en la Licenciatura en Sociología (Universidad Pública de Navarra, España en la asignatura Métodos y Técnicas de Investigación Social I. En este documento se muestra que el empleo de metodologías activas de enseñanza, concretamente el Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas, ABP, utilizando casos prácticos reales, ha incrementado el número de estudiantes que siguen la asignatura, aumentando también el número de aprobados y mejorando las calificaciones promedio.

  11. Poder, simbología y representación en la Baja Edad Media: el ajuar en la corte de Carlos III de Navarra (1387-1425)

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    Osés Urricelqui, Mercedes

    2015-01-01

    Esta tesis doctoral, que lleva por título Poder, simbología y representación en la Baja Edad Media: el ajuar en la corte de Carlos III de Navarra (1387-1425), se centra en los modos de vida de la corte regia en el período de su mayor esplendor, que se sitúa en el tránsito del siglo XIV al XV. Para ello cobra un especial relieve lo que podemos englobar bajo la etiqueta de “ajuar”, entendiendo aquí por tal, todo el conjunto de objetos y manifestaciones vinculados a la vida cortesana (tejidos, p...

  12. Diseño de alojamientos en la explotación porcina de ciclo cerrado "Lurbaiz" sita en el término municipal de Ollo (Navarra)

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    Pagola Azkarate, Aitziber

    2014-01-01

    Mediante el presente proyecto fin de grado se realiza el diseño de los alojamientos de una explotación con una futura actividad ganadera porcina de ciclo cerrado. Se sitúa en la parcela 206 del polígono 9 del municipio de Ollo, Navarra. También se desarrollan a lo largo de los distintos anejos los diferentes procesos productivos y las necesidades en instalaciones para un correcto funcionamiento de la explotación conforme a la normativa existente y haciendo especial hincapié en ...

  13. Catálogo y Cartografía de las estaciones megalíticas de Goizueta - Artikutza - Aranaz y Agiña - Lesaka (Navarra.

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    Luis del Barrio

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo, realizado en forma de catálogo, describe la totalidad de estructuras megalíticas localizadas hasta la fecha (Agosto 1987, en los entornos geográficos que enmarcan las Estaciones Prehistóricas de Goizueta - Artikutza - Aranaz (36 subsectores: 78 cromlechs pirenaicos, 4 túmulos, y 4 dólmenes y Agiña - Lesaka (6 subsectores: 18 cromlechs pirenaicos, 1 túmulo y 1 dolmen, situadas ambas en el extremo noroccidental de la provincia de Navarra.

  14. Censura e instancias reformistas en la corte de Francisco I : l'Inquisiteur de Margarita de Navarra en la historia de Cymbalum Mundi

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    Munari, Simona

    2009-01-01

    El papel de Margarita de Navarra en la difusión del pensamiento reformista en Francia está estrechamente ligado al misterio que todavía rodea al autor del tratado clandestino Cymbalum Mundi. La historia de la censura considera la condena de este volumen una consecuencia del clima de sospecha creado por la ruptura del delicadísimo equilibrio de poderes ejercidos por el Parlamento y la Facultad de Teología de la Sorbona, las dos instituciones más activas en la lucha contra la herejía. En el con...

  15. INTEGRACIÓN DE TECNOLOGÍAS DE LA INFORMACIÓN Y COMUNICACIÓN EN EDUCACIÓN INFANTIL EN NAVARRA (SPAIN)

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    Mª Luisa Sevillano García; Raquel Rodríguez Cortés

    2013-01-01

    El artículo ofrece una perspectiva sobre integración, dificultades, causas y resultados sobre las TIC en Educación Infantil en la Comunidad Foral de Navarra, a partir de estudios, percepciones, experiencias de docentes de esta etapa, opiniones de expertos y familias. Es un estudio analítico y prospectivo con importantes aportaciones valiosas sobre formación inicial y permanente del profesorado, dotación de centros y aulas, mantenimiento de tecnologías, personal especializado de apoyo. Adminis...

  16. Proyecto de mejora de la urbanización de la calle Perimetral entre la Avenida Primavera y la calle Navarra en Santa Coloma de Gramenet

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    Delgado Rodríguez, Aitor

    2012-01-01

    El presente proyecto tiene por objeto la definición, justificación y valoración de las obras a ejecutar en la urbanización de la calle Perimetral entre la Av. Primavera y la calle Navarra en Santa Coloma de Gramenet. A continuación se destacan los aspectos importantes del mismo: protagonismo de los peatones: creando zonas de prioridad invertida, zona de velocidad moderada para vehículos, procurar la continuidad de flujos. Mejora de los servicios existentes: red de alumbrado ade...

  17. Análisis y desarrollo de la intranet de sistemas de gestión de la calidad en Volkswagen Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Peñalver Cruz, Aritz

    2013-01-01

    El proyecto consiste en cuatro aplicaciones web que permitan centralizar, estandarizar y asegurar el correcto seguimiento de la información de los procedimientos, instrucciones, defectos funcionales y no conformidades de los Sistemas de Gestión de Calidad, Medio ambiente y de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales, en la intranet de Volkswagen Navarra. Para llevar a cabo este proyecto, se han seguido todas las fases del ciclo de vida de un producto: especificación de requisitos, an...

  18. Coyuntura económica, crédito agrícola y cambio social en Navarra, 1750-1850

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    de la Torre, Joseba

    1994-01-01

    La evolución histórica de los instrumentos de crédito con los que el mundo rural financiaba sus actividades productivas constituye un buen indicador de los ciclos económicos por los que atravesó la agricultura navarra en el tránsito del feudalismo desarrollado al capitalismo. Del lado de la oferta, la sustitución del censo por la obligación reflejó el triunfo de la burguesía agraria en un mercado expansivo, mientras los prestamistas eclesiásticos fueron elimi- nados. De...

  19. Estudio para la gestión de residuos ganaderos mediante digestión anaerobia en el polígono ganadero de Funes (Navarra)

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    García Pejenaute, Tamara

    2012-01-01

    Este Trabajo Final de Carrera tiene como objetivo fundamental lograr la gestión de los residuos ganaderos de las explotaciones agropecuarias que se encuentran emplazadas en el polígono ganadero del municipio de Funes (Navarra) mediante la implantación de una planta de biogás, como consecuencia directa o indirecta del modelo actual de ocupación y uso actual del territorio. Para ello, se intenta explorar las posibilidades energéticas de los residuos orgánicos correspondientes ...

  20. Evolución en las características epidemiológicas de la tuberculosis en Navarra (1994-2003 Evolution of the epidemiological characteristics of tuberculosis in Navarra (1994-2003

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    J. Castilla

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Describir los cambios en la incidencia y en el perfil epidemiológico de la tuberculosis en Navarra. Métodos. Se analizaron los casos de tuberculosis del período 1994-2003 según el sistema de enfermedades de declaración obligatoria, completado con los diagnósticos microbiológicos y con los casos captados por otros registros sanitarios. Resultados. La incidencia de tuberculosis disminuyó desde 21 por 100.000 habitantes en el quinquenio 1994-1998 hasta 16 por 100.000 en 1999-2003. En ambos períodos los casos en hombres duplicaron a los de mujeres, y la máxima incidencia se produjo en los grupos de 25 a 44 y mayores de 65 años. Los diagnósticos de tuberculosis en personas con infección por el VIH disminuyeron del 15,1 al 6,6% y los realizados en personas inmigrantes aumentaron del 2,2 al 21,3%. Algo más del 3% de los casos había recibido tratamiento antituberculoso previo y en torno al 6% presentaban resistencia a algún fármaco, sin diferencias significativas entre periodos. La proporción de tuberculosis potencialmente transmisibles (73% no experimentó cambios significativos, ni la de aquellas con baciloscopia de esputo positiva (53%. El número de brotes (agrupaciones de dos o más casos pasó de 18 a 26 y el porcentaje de casos secundarios a otro reciente aumentó desde 3,6 a 10,1% (pAim. To describe the changes in the incidence and the epidemiological profile of tuberculosis in Navarra. Methods. The cases of tuberculosis in the 1994-2003 period were analysed. Cases reported to the system of obligatory notifiable diseases, completed with the microbiological diagnoses and the cases collected in other health registers. Results. The incidence of tuberculosis fell from 21 per 100,000 inhabitants in the five-year period 1994-1998 to 16 per 100,000 in 1999-2003. In both periods the number of cases in men doubled that in women, and the maximum incidence occurred in the age groups from 25 to 44 and over 65 years of age. The

  1. Situación epidemiológica de la tuberculosis en Navarra, 2006 Epidemiology of tuberculosis in Navarre

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    J. Castilla

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. Describir la tendencia y características epidemiológicas de la tuberculosis y estimar la prevalencia de infección tuberculosa en Navarra. Métodos. Se analizaron los casos de tuberculosis declarados en el periodo 1993-2006, completados con información microbiológica y de otros registros sanitarios. Resultados. La incidencia de tuberculosis en Navarra pasó de 24,0 casos por 100.000 habitantes en 1993 a 13,7 por 100.000 en 2006. Entre 2000 y 2006 la incidencia de tuberculosis descendió un 6,5% anual en los nacidos en España y un 9,3% anual en nacidos en otros países. En el periodo 2004-2006 los diagnósticos de tuberculosis fueron más frecuentes en varones (60%, entre edades de 25 a 34 años (26,1% y a partir de 65 años (24,1%, y en personas nacidas en España (69,0%. El 4,3% de los casos estaban coinfectados por VIH. Un 6,6% habían tenido tratamiento antituberculoso previo, el 5,4% presentaban resistencia a algún antituberculoso y el 2,3% a más de uno. Predominaron las formas pulmonares (68,9% y el 37% del total tuvo baciloscopia de esputo positiva. En el 6,2% de los casos se produjo el fallecimiento antes de finalizar el tratamiento. Entre 2004 y 2006 se detectaron 15 agregaciones de casos, 11 entre convivientes. El 93% de los casos secundarios se produjeron a partir de casos índice nacidos en España. La prevalencia estimada de infección tuberculosa es inferior al 3% en niños, alcanza el 7,7% a los 14 años y el 40% en adultos. Conclusión. Se ha avanzado notablemente en el control de la tuberculosis, tanto en población autóctona como de otros países, aunque queda margen de mejora.Background. To describe the tendency and epidemiological characteristics of tuberculosis and estimate the prevalence of tuberculosis infection in Navarre. Methods. An analysis was made of the cases of tuberculosis reported in the 1993-2006 period, completed with microbiological information and data from other registries. Results. The

  2. Las relaciones castellano-navarras bajo los primeros Evreux (1328-1387): : balance historiográfico y perspectivas de investigación

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    Azcárate Aguilar-Amat, Pilar

    1990-01-01

    Hace ya casi dos décadas, en un sugestivo artículo que abrió nuevas vías de investigación en los estudios sobre la Navarra del siglo XIV, realizada por el profesor Martín Duque un llamamiento para la realización de las muchas tareas pendientes . Más de quince años después se ha visto obligado a reconocer ".. . que no se han verificado con el rigor y la paciencia hoy día exigibles exploraciones sistemáticas de la generosa información existente sobre el período aquí contemplado, ni ...

  3. Astrólogos y astrología al servicio de la monarquía navarra durante la Baja Edad Media (1350-1446

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    Serrano Larráyoz, Fernando

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This article provides a general view on astrologers who served at the courts of Carlos II, Carlos III and Blanca I of Navarre. This was a position that combined the foretelling of future events with the medical practice of the moment. Despite the prestige that astrologers seem to achieve, this position was never held long term except in some concrete cases.

    El artículo presenta una visión general de los astrólogos que sirvieron en la corte de Carlos II, Carlos III y Blanca I de Navarra. Un cargo cortesano que unía la adivinación de hechos futuros con la práctica médica del momento. Pese al prestigio que parecen alcanzar, no resulta una ocupación con cierta continuidad, salvo en casos muy concretos.

  4. La estancia en bibliotecas extranjeras como instrumento de formación bibliotecaria: la experiencia de la Universidad de Navarra (2003-2010

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    Sanz-Santacruz, Víctor

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The changing technological environment and the new learning and research framework require constant updating. The University of Navarra (UN Library established a professional exchange program in 2003 (still on-going. The results of a survey completed by the librarians who participated in this placement program are presented in this article, and the program’s characteristics and means of funding are explained. Moreover, the advantages for the librarians’ professional development are pointed out and the main improvements applied within UN’s Library are detailed. A suitable response from the host libraries together with the the program’s continuity and regularity are crucial for extracting greater advantage of the placements.

    En el entorno actual de continuos cambios tecnológicos y de profundas modificaciones en la docencia e investigación, es necesaria una actualización constante. La Biblioteca de la Universidad de Navarra (en adelante UN inició un programa de estancias de profesionales en bibliotecas extranjeras del Reino Unido y de los Estados Unidos en el año 2003, que continúa en vigor. En el artículo se exponen los resultados de la encuesta llevada a cabo entre los participantes del programa y se describen las principales características del programa, tanto desde el punto de vista de su puesta en práctica, como de su financiación. Asimismo, se señalan las ventajas de esas estancias para el desarrollo profesional de los bibliotecarios y se detallan las principales mejoras aplicadas en la Biblioteca de la UN. La adecuada respuesta de las bibliotecas receptoras y la continuidad y regularidad del programa son decisivos para obtener el mayor provecho de las estancias.

  5. La salud dental de los niños y adolescentes de Navarra, 2007 (4ª edición Dental health of children and adolescents of Navarra, 2007 (4th edition

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    F.J. Cortés

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. Transcurridos 5 años desde la última encuesta (2002, se procede a una nueva edición que supone la 4ª desde 1987. El objetivo es conocer el estado de salud oral de niños y adolescentes de Navarra y su evolución. Población y métodos. La muestra (n=1.397 fue seleccionada mediante muestreo probabilístico polietápico, tomando como unidad las aulas de 1º y 6º de Enseñanza Primaria y de 2º de Enseñanza Secundaria Obligatoria. El trabajo de campo se realizó entre los meses de abril y mayo de 2007 por dos equipos examinadores calibrados. Variables de salud estudiadas. caries (medida con criterio OMS y con criterio ampliado, estado periodontal y maloclusión. Los datos fueron informatizados con Access XP 2003 SP3; el análisis estadístico, con SPSS Windows v.15.0. Resultados. El 10,8% de la muestra es de origen extranjero. La prevalencia de caries en dentición temporal a los 6 años es 35,9% con cod 1,26; en dentición permanente, 28,5% y 46,4% a los 12 y 14 años; la media de dientes afectados 0,63 y 1,28 respectivamente. El índice de restauración es 26,1% en dentición temporal y 68,9 y 74,1% en permanente; los de origen extranjero presentan más caries (p Background. With five years having passed since the last survey (2002, a new survey was carried out, the 4th since 1987. The aim is to determine the state of oral health of children and adolescents in Navarre and its evolution. Population and methods. The sample (n=1.397 was selected through multistage probability sampling, taking as a unit the classrooms of the 1st and 6th year of Primary Education and the 2nd of Compulsory Secondary Education. The fieldwork was carried out in the months of April and May 2007 by two calibrated teams of examiners. Health variables studied: caries (measured with WHO criterion and extended criterion, periodontal state and malocclusion. The data were computerised with Access XP 2003 SP3; the statistical analysis with SPSS Windows v.15

  6. Evolución de la composición florística Post-fuego en un carrascal de Navarra (n de España

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    Cavero, R. Y.

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents results about floristic composition dynamics during four years after controlled fires in a Mediterranean pin-oak wood in Navarra (N Spain. The samples have been taken from eight permanent 1 m2 plots subjected to different treatments: different fire type, different situation on the field, and with or without not fired soil addition. The regeneration strategies of the species and the influence of the different treatments on the flora are analyzed. The floristic composition dynamics follows a general model: the species began to appear progressively. The number of species grows gradually to reach a maximum between one and three years after the fire. Later, the number of species diminishes. Post fire species are those that existed before the fire, that is to say, there is an autosuccession process.

    [es] Se presentan los resultados de cuatro años de estudio sobre la evolución de la composición florística de un carrascal mediterráneo sometido a fuegos controlados en Navarra (N de España. Los muestreos se han llevado a cabo en ocho cuadrados permanentes de 1 m2 de superficie, cada uno sometido a distinto tratamiento: distinto tipo de fuego, distinta situación en la parcela y adición o no de suelo no quemado. Se analizan la estrategia de regeneración de las especies que aparecen después de los fuegos y la influencia de los tratamientos en la regeneración de la flora. La evolución de la composición florística sigue un modelo general: las especies empiezan a aparecer progresivamente, su número crece hasta obtener un máximo entre el año y los cuatro años después de los fuegos, a partir del cual disminuye. Las especies que aparecen son las mismas que había previamente, es decir, se da un proceso de autosucesión. [fr] On présente les résultats de quatre ans d'étude sur l'évolution de la composition floristique d'un bois de chêne vert méditerranéen soumis à des feux contr

  7. El Instituto Navarro de Administración Pública y el desarrollo de la Psicología Aplicada en Navarra

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    JESÚS RAMÓN LOITEGUI ALDAZ

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo muestra el desarrollo orgánico del Instituto de Psicología Aplicada de Navarra, creado en 1961, hasta convertirse en la actualidad en el Instituto Navarro de Administración Pública y su vinculación con la aplicación de la Psicología en Navarra. Finalizando la década de los años 60 las funciones propias del Instituto eran la orientación profesional, la selección profesional, la asistencia psiquiátrica y la investigación y promoción de la Psicología. Estas funciones se llevan a cabo en tres unidades: 1 Unidad de Psicología Educativa: En el curso 1962-1963 se inicia el proyecto de exploraciones psicológicas en los centros de educación primaria. En 1981 se instaura el Servicio de Orientación Psicopedagógica a los alumnos de E.G.B., Formación Profesional y Bachillerato, 2 Unidad de Psicología Clínica: En 1975 se instaura la Unidad de Psicología Clínica para ayudar a las personas que sufrían algún desajuste de tipo conductual. Se aportaban servicios de psicodiagnóstico, orientación personal y psicoterapia. Los pacientes podían ser remitidos por los distintos Departamentos de la Diputación o directamente, solicitando dichas prestaciones, 3 Unidad de Psicología del Trabajo: El área de Psicología del Trabajo es la que más se ha consolidado en el instituto, dado que el vertiginoso desarrollo del área educativa aconsejó que esta unidad pasara a depender, ya en 1983, de la Consejería de Educación. De igual forma y finalizando la década de los 70, la Unidad de Psicología Clínica pasó a integrarse en la Consejería de Sanidad. El Instituto de Psicología se convirtió en una verdadera consultoría interna del Gobierno de Navarra aplicando los conocimientos y las técnicas científicas de la Psicología Organizacional a las Administraciones Públicas. La introducción de la selección científica del personal en los procesos de oposición para el ingreso de las Administraciones Públicas comenz

  8. Vigilancia epidemiológica de las enfermedades transmisibles en Navarra, 2006 Epidemiology of notifiable diseases in Navarre, 2006

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    J. Castilla

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available La vigilancia epidemiológica en Navarra (601.874 habitantes en 2006 comprende 34 enfermedades de declaración obligatoria y los brotes epidémicos. La declaración es efectuada semanalmente por los médicos de pediatría, atención primaria y asistencia especializada, ante la sospecha de estos procesos, y se completa con los diagnósticos microbiológicos. En 2006 la incidencia de gripe alcanzó 16,8 casos por 1000 habitantes (índice epidémico, IE:0,46, presentando una onda estacional tardía (marzo de dimensiones bajas. La incidencia de tuberculosis respiratoria fue de 11,3 casos por 100.000 habitantes, y la de tuberculosis no respiratoria 2,3; ambas en rangos similares a las de los últimos años. Siete casos de tuberculosis ocurrieron en 3 agregaciones entre convivientes, y otros 7, en personas no convivientes residentes en el mismo municipio. El 6% de los casos estaban coinfectados por el VIH, y el 37% se produjeron en inmigrantes. La incidencia de enfermedad meningocócica ascendió a 19 casos (3,2 por 100.000 habitantes, IE:1,46, todos ellos esporádicos. En 16 se aisló Neisseria meningitidis serogrupo B. Hubo un caso por serogrupo C, en un niño que había recibido 3 dosis de vacuna conjugada. En 2 casos (11% se produjo el fallecimiento. La incidencia de legionelosis ascendió a 28 casos por 100.000 habitantes (IE:4,88, debido a un brote comunitario que afectó a 146 personas. Excluyendo este brote, la incidencia fue similar a la de años anteriores (3,3 por 100.000. En agosto se inició un brote de parotiditis que, hasta finales de 2006, había contabilizado 911 casos, y ha continuado durante 2007. Se registraron 11 casos de paludismo, todos importados. Las notificaciones de toxiinfecciones alimentarias han seguido disminuyendo (IE:0,48.Epidemiological vigilance in Navarre (601,874 inhabitants in 2006 included 34 diseases whose notification is compulsory and epidemic outbreaks. Notification is carried out on a weekly basis by the

  9. Las aguas termales de Fitero (Navarra y Arnedillo (Rioja. l. Análisis geoquímico de los estados de equilibrio-desequilibrio en las surgencias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tena Calvo, J. M.

    1988-08-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of the different chemical features between the thermal springs of Fitero (Navarra and Amedillo (Rioja, and between those thermal waters and other non-thermal ones in this area, has completed the geochemical characterization of both thermal manifestations. This characterization appear to confirm the existence of mixture phenomena in Fitero (in low proportions and the narrow compositional range between the thermal springs considered in Amedillo. Taken into account the different geochemical variations of the studied waters, we have related their compositional characters with circulation through different litologies. So, thermal waters are associated to evaporitic materials (Keuper facies with more saline characters for the Arnedillo thermal waters. On the other hand, the speciation-solubility analysis with WATEQ4F (Ba1l et al., 1987 of the spring chemical compositions and the study of associated deposits have allowed to stablish the physicochemical state at spring condition, a previous stage to determinate the thermodynamic water-rock interactions in the reservoir, at depth.El estudio de los caracteres geoquímicos diferenciales de las aguas termales de Fitero (Navarra y Amedillo (Rioja, tanto entre ambos grupos como con respecto a otras surgencias no termales de la zona, ha permitido constatar la existencia de fenómenos de mezcla de aguas en Fitero, y las escasas variaciones composicionales entre las distintas surgencias termales de Amedillo. Los caracteres composicionales distintivos han sido relacionados con la circulación de las aguas a través de distintas litologías, 10 que ha permitido deducir que mientras que las aguas no termales se encuentran relacionadas con materiales calcáreos, las termales 10 están con materiales calcáreo-evaporiticos (facies Keuper, de carácter sulfatado en el caso de Fitero y clorurado, más salino, en Arnedillo. Por último, el análisis del quimismo de las aguas termales mediante un modelo de

  10. Actitudes, percepciones y factores asociados a la vacunación antigripal en los profesionales de atención primaria de Navarra, 2011-2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Martínez-Baz

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. La vacuna de la gripe está indicada en los profesionales sanitarios para proteger su salud y la de sus pacientes. El objetivo fue describir la cobertura de vacunación antigripal en los profesionales de atención primaria durante la temporada 2011-12 en Navarra y estudiar los factores asociados a la vacunación. Material y métodos. Se envió una encuesta anónima vía web a los profesionales de atención primaria en 2012. La encuesta recogió información sobre el estado de vacunación antigripal de las últimas temporadas, sobre las actitudes y conocimientos de la vacuna y datos sociodemográficos y profesionales. Resultados. De 1.083 profesionales, 381 (35% completaron la encuesta: 54,3% profesionales de enfermería, 35,7% médicos de familia y 10% pediatras. En la temporada 2011-12 se habían vacunado el 56,2%, sin cambios significativos con respecto a temporadas previas. El principal predictor de la vacunación fue el haberse vacunado en alguna temporada previa (odds ratio (OR: 20,87; intervalo de confianza (IC 95%: 8,98-48,48. Se vacunaron más los que tenían personas con factores de riesgo en la familia (OR: 1,72; IC 95%: 1,05-2,84, los que estaban preocupados por enfermar (OR: 4,59; IC 95%: 2,30-9,15 y por contagiar a sus pacientes (OR: 6,29; IC 95%: 3,02-13,13. El haber participado en actividades formativas sobre gripe y vacunas no influyó en la decisión de vacunarse. Conclusiones. La cobertura de vacunación entre los profesionales sanitarios de atención primaria de Navarra está por debajo de los niveles deseables. Se debe mejorar la implicación de los profesionales en la estrategia de prevención de la gripe.

  11. Programa de cirugía bariátrica laparoscópica en la Clínica Universidad de Navarra-Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra: resultados a un año Laparoscopic bariatric surgery program in the University Clinic of Navarre - Hospital Complex of Navarre: results after 1-year follow-up

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    V. Valentí Azcárate

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. La prevalencia de obesidad en España en los últimos años muestra un incremento alarmante. El fracaso repetido de las pautas de alimentación equilibrada, actividad física, educación nutricional y farmacoterapia han conducido a la necesidad de utilizar la cirugía bariátrica tanto para el mantenimiento de la pérdida ponderal a largo plazo, como para la resolución de las comorbilidades asociadas. En el presente trabajo se pretende analizar los resultados iniciales de la puesta en marcha del programa de cirugía bariátrica laparoscópica en Navarra obtenidos en un grupo de pacientes obesos con indicación quirúrgica e intervenidos mediante el bypass gástrico laparoscópico (BPGYR. Material y métodos. Desde enero de 2010 hasta diciembre de 2011 se realizaron 47 BPGYR por vía laparoscópica en la Clínica Universidad de Navarra procedentes todos ellos de la Comunidad Foral de Navarra y evaluados previa y posteriormente en el Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra. De ellos, se han seleccionado para este trabajo los primeros 19 casos por presentar al menos un año de seguimiento. Resultados. El porcentaje de exceso de IMC perdido (PEIMCP fue del 65,47%, con una disminución del porcentaje de peso total de 31,68%. Las cifras de glucosa, ácido úrico, tensión arterial y metabolismo lipídico al año de la intervención presentaron un descenso progresivo muy significativo, No se presentaron complicaciones importantes médicas ni quirúrgicas. Conclusiones. El bypass gástrico por laparoscopia es un técnica eficaz para el tratamiento a largo plazo de la obesidad mórbida, con escaso número de complicaciones, excelente pérdida de peso y curación o mejora de las co-morbilidades asociadas en estos pacientes.Background. The prevalence of obesity in Spain in recent years has shown an alarming increase. The repeated failure of balanced food patterns, physical activity, nutritional education and pharmacotherapy have led to the need to

  12. El testamento de Juan Moliner (†1403: un físico al servicio de la monarquía navarra durante la Baja Edad Media

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    Serrano Larráyoz, Fernando

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This work is an approach to the life and socioeconomic context of Juan Moliner (doctor of kings Carlos II and Carlos III of Navarre, based on the study of his testament. The document provides enlightening information about this figure, quite unknown despite being one of the most important Christian doctors at the service of Carlos III ‘El Noble’. In addition, his last will has a religious and spiritual dimension that allows to have an overall perspective on the mentality and lifestyle of this historical character.

    A través del testamento de Juan Moliner, médico de los reyes Carlos II y Carlos III de Navarra, el presente estudio pretende acercarse a su persona, familia, ámbito social y nivel socioeconómico en el que desarrolla su vida. Los datos que aporta dicho documento arrojan algo de luz sobre su ciclo vital, hasta el momento bastante desconocido, pese a ser uno de los más importantes médicos cristianos que atendieron a Carlos III ‘el Noble’. A todo esto hay que añadir la dimensión espiritual y religiosa de sus últimas voluntades, que vienen a completar la mentalidad y el modo de vida de este personaje.

  13. Uso de la web 2.0 como herramienta de marketing y difusión de Dadun, el repositorio institucional de la Universidad de Navarra

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    Cózar Santiago, Amparo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Teniendo presente los continuos cambios que están afectando tanto al personal investigador como a los bibliotecarios, nos vemos en la necesidad de estar en un continuo proceso de aprendizaje. Debemos aprender a establecer una conversación con los usuarios, buscar nuevos canales de comunicación, y proporcionarles las herramientas necesarias para la comprensión del mundo en el que está desarrollando su quehacer profesional o su investigación. Encontramos los repositorios como vías de comunicación de la investigación, así como de difusión y preservación. Pero no hemos de conformarnos con el simple hecho de tener un repositorio en nuestra institución, sino que debemos darlo a conocer a nuestra comunidad. En el presente trabajo se hace un recorrido por las distintas acciones emprendidas en la Biblioteca de la Universidad de Navarra, deteniéndonos en el blog “Investigación Científica en Abierto”.

  14. Tendencias recientes de las principales causas de muerte en Navarra: 1995-2004 Recent trends of the main causes of death in Navarre: 1995-2004

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    C. Moreno-Iribas

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan las estadísticas de mortalidad de Navarra para el periodo 1995-2004 por sexo, edad y causa de muerte. Material y métodos. Los datos proceden de los boletines estadísticos de defunción. Se comparan el periodo 1995-1999 con el periodo 2000-2004, utilizando las tasas ajustadas a la población de Navarra del año 2001 y la tasa de años potenciales de vida perdidos entre 0-70 años ajustada a la población europea. Resultados. La esperanza de vida al nacer en el periodo 2000-2004 fue de 77,9 años en los hombres y 85 años en las mujeres, esta última una de las más altas registradas a nivel mundial. El riesgo de muerte ha diminuido en prácticamente todos los grupos de edad, destacando un descenso de la mortalidad del 40% en el grupo de 25-34 años a costa del sida. La mortalidad infantil bajó hasta 3,3 por 1.000 recién nacidos vivos. Ha habido un importante incremento de la mortalidad por cáncer de pulmón entre las mujeres menores de 65 años (46% en el quinquenio 2000-04 respecto al anterior y un fuerte descenso de la mortalidad por cáncer de mama (45,4%. Han continuado disminuyendo en ambos sexos la mortalidad por enfermedades cerebrovasculares, enfermedad isquémica del corazón, insuficiencia cardiaca y arterioesclerosis así como la mortalidad por úlceras y cirrosis. Las tasas de mortalidad de Navarra de todos los grandes grupos de causas son más bajas que las de España excepto la tasa de mortalidad por causas externas. Conclusiones. El incremento de la mortalidad por cáncer de pulmón y de otros cánceres relacionados con el tabaquismo debido a la extensión del consumo en las últimas décadas puede influir negativamente en la esperanza de vida de las mujeres de Navarra en los próximos años. La prevención de la mortalidad por causas externas y la prevención de las muertes ligadas al consumo de tabaco son dos prioridades que se desprenden de los datos de mortalidad de esta comunidad autónoma.We present the

  15. Exhumación, identificación y causa de muerte en 1936 de los restos humanos recuperados en la sima El Raso de Urbasa (Navarra

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    Herrasti, L., Ríos, L., Pérez de la Iglesia, L., Baeta, M., Nuñez, C., Martínez de Pancorbo, M., CAstaños, P., Castaños, J., Etxeberria, F.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan, en este caso, los resultados de la investigación llevada a cabo en una sima de Urbasa (Navarra, a la que fueron arrojados los cadáveres de diez personas asesinadas en 1936, con el propósito de ocultar el crimen, durante la Guerra Civil española. Se trata de población civil, que fue asesinada con carácter extrajudicial. Como aspecto tafonómico a destacar, los restos humanos presentan marcas de carroñeo provocado por perros que cayeron o fueron echados a la sima en la misma época. A partir del análisis histórico, arqueológico, antropológico y genético, se establece la identidad y la causa de muerte de estas víctimas como parte de las investigaciones desarrolladas en materia de Memoria Histórica. Las evidencias de carácter forense confirman los hechos conocidos históricamente con carácter objetivo, como evidencia del crimen cometido contra víctimas de población civil.

  16. Elaboración de cartografía de zonas inundables. Aplicación al llano de inundación del Río Arga (Navarra)

    OpenAIRE

    Bescos Atin, Amaya; Camarasa Belmonte, Ana María

    2000-01-01

    La inundación es el riesgo natural de mayor impacto social y económico, la persistencia del problema a pesar de los continuos avances tecnológicos pone de manifiesto la necesidad de estudiar más detalladamente el comportamiento de las áreas inundables y elaborar una cartografía de riesgo que contribuya a un uso más racional del espacio. Este trabajo presenta el proceso de elaboración del mapa de riesgo del llano de inundación del río Arga (Navarra) en los municipios de Falces, Peralta y...

  17. Estimación de la abundancia relativa de martines pescadores Alcedo atthis L., 1758 reproductores en ríos de la zona calcárea de la mitad norte de Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Vilches, A.

    2012-01-01

    El objetivo de este artículo es determinar la abundancia relativa de martines pescadores Alcedo atthis L., 1758 nidificantes en ríos de la zona calcárea de la mitad norte de Navarra. Para ello, durante el periodo de cría de 2007, entre los meses de abril y agosto, se inspeccionaron tramos de ríos dentro de la citada zona con el fin de localizar nidos activos y/o parejas nidificantes. Se utilizaron tres metodologías de censo: (1) localización de nidos, (2) captura de adultos para los que se ob...

  18. Prevalencia del factor v leiden y la mutación G20210A del gen de la protrombina en Navarra, y su papel como factores de riesgo trombótico

    OpenAIRE

    Zabalegui, N. (Natalia); Rocha, E; Montes, R.

    2011-01-01

    El presente trabajo en un intento de esclarecer el mayor número posible de aspectos relacionados con los dos factores de riesgo FV Leiden y Protrombina G20210A, de trombofilia hereditaria más comunes en Occidente, así como de aportar información acerca de su presencia y agresividad dentro de nuestro medio. Así, nuestros objetivos fueron los siguientes: 1. Establecer la prevalencia de FV Leiden y Protrombina G20210A en la población control, así como en la población oriunda de Navarra. ...

  19. El papel del juez y del legislador ante los retos de la ejecución hipotecaria. Reflexiones en torno al auto de la audiencia provincial de navarra 111/2010 de 17 de diciembre

    OpenAIRE

    Lacasta Goñi, Miren; Pantaleón Prieto, Marta; Pedroza Fernández, Luis Alberto

    2012-01-01

    El Auto de la AP de Navarra 111/2010, de 17 de diciembre, recae en un procedimiento de ejecución hipotecaria. El acreedor se adjudica el inmueble por un valor que no cubre la totalidad de su crédito. ¿Debe poder reclamarse en estos casos el resto del importe en virtud de la responsabilidad patrimonial universal del deudor? Esta situación plantea especiales problemas en el marco de la actual crisis socioeconómica y ha suscitado un gran debate en la doctrina, la jurisprudencia y ...

  20. Evaluación de factores de riesgo ergonómico y psicosocial y medidas de prevención en una empresa del metal navarra. Estudio de caso

    OpenAIRE

    Lizarraga Diez de Ulzurrun, Pablo

    2015-01-01

    El objeto de este estudio es analizar el estado y la evolución de los factores de riesgo ergonómico y psicosocial de los puestos de trabajo de una empresa del sector metal fundada hace quince años y ubicada en la Comunidad Foral de Navarra. Se trata de un estudio de caso basado en la recogida de datos procedentes de diferentes fuentes documentales y de entrevistas personales realizadas a varios informantes clave. Se recopilan también datos provenientes de la observación directa...

  1. Factores de riesgo de ictus: Estudio caso-control en una población de la Comunidad Foral de Navarra Stroke risk factors: Population case-control study in the Foral Community of Navarre

    OpenAIRE

    Hervás, A

    2005-01-01

    Fundamentos. Conocer la prevalencia de diferentes factores de riesgo en los pacientes con enfermedad cerebrovascular de una población de la Comunidad Foral Navarra y compararlo con un grupo control de las mismas características. Pacientes y método. Estudio caso-control poblacional en una zona básica de salud (12.200 habitantes). Se incluyen 91 casos, diagnosticados de primer episodio de enfermedad cerebrovascular (1999-2003) y 182 controles (2 por caso) emparejados por edad y sexo en el mismo...

  2. A new dietary strategy for long-term treatment of the metabolic syndrome is compared with the American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines: the MEtabolic Syndrome REduction in NAvarra (RESMENA) project

    OpenAIRE

    Iglesia, R. (Rocío) de la; Lopez-Legarrea, P. (Patricia); Abete, I. (Itziar); Bondia-Pons, I. (I.); S. Navas-Carretero; L. Forga; MARTINEZ, J. A.; Zulet, M.A. (María Ángeles)

    2014-01-01

    The long-term effects of dietary strategies designed to combat the metabolic syndrome (MetS) remain unknown. The present study evaluated the effectiveness of a new dietary strategy based on macronutrient distribution, antioxidant capacity and meal frequency (MEtabolic Syndrome REduction in NAvarra (RESMENA) diet) for the treatment of the MetS when compared with the American Heart Association guidelines, used as Control. Subjects with the MetS (fifty-two men and forty-one women, age 49 (se 1) ...

  3. Registrar la muerte (1381-1512). Un análisis de los testamentos y de las mandas pías contenidas en los Protocolos Notariales de Navarra.

    OpenAIRE

    García-de-la-Borbolla, Á. (Ángeles); Pavón-Benito, J. (Julia); Baldó-Alcoz, J. (Julia)

    2005-01-01

    Los testamentos conservados en el fondo de Notariales de Navarra (AGN y AMT) antes de 1512 son el vehículo que nos permite una aproximación científica a una de las cuestiones más vitales del hombre medieval: su muerte. El análisis de estas fuentes documentales revela una serie de numerosos aspectos que podrían englobarse en lo que denominamos su «universo mental y espiritual». Las actitudes, los gestos, las prácticas religiosas y devocionales se sustentan sobre una base común: la muerte...

  4. Efectos de la actividad agraria sobre los recursos hídricos y la erosión del suelo. Análisis y modelado en cuencas experimentales de la zona media de Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Gastesi Barasoain, Rakel

    2014-01-01

    Este trabajo caracteriza el comportamiento hidrológico y erosivo de la cuenca agraria experimental de La Tejería del valle de Yerri en Navarra, de 164 ha. Se evalúa el modelo hidrológico de contaminación difusa AnnAGNPS, exitosamente en cuanto al volumen de escorrentía y casi de manera satisfactoria respecto a los sedimentos, la evacuación de N y P se compara al carecer de datos suficientes para su calibración. Se pone de manifiesto una vez más, la conveniencia de caracterizar ...

  5. Evaluación del programa de Vigilancia Epidemiológica en Salud laboral: Red de Médicos Centinela de Salud Laboral en Navarra (1998-2007 Evaluation of the Sentinel Surveillance Program in Occupational Health in Navarra (1998-2007

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    V. García López

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. Evaluar el programa de Vigilancia Epidemiológica en Salud Laboral, Red de Médicos Centinela de Salud Laboral en Navarra, periodo 1998-2007, como herramienta útil para la detección de patología de origen laboral en atención primaria; identificar los factores que facilitan su notificación y describir las características sociodemográficas de los casos registrados. Métodos. Se han analizado los sucesos centinela ocupacionales notificados por atención primaria entre 1998 y 2005 y que fueron estudiados hasta 2007. Resultados. En el periodo fueron notificados 2.055 casos, 1.223 con identificación personal y 832 sin datos de identificación (59,5% y 40,5%, respectivamente. Comprenden a 1.192 tendinitis de codo, 360 casos de túnel carpiano, 86 de asma ocupacional/RADS y 417 de dermatosis. Supone una incidencia en 2005 de 332,8 por 100.000 trabajadores. Únicamente el 21,9% de los casos estaba de baja laboral. El 10,5% de los casos habían consultado en atención primaria por rechazo de atención en Mutua de Accidentes de Trabajo y Enfermedades Profesionales. El valor predictivo positivo del sistema es del 72 % (casos confirmados como laborales. El 41% tienen algún parte de enfermedad profesional; en el 51% fue anterior su notificación como profesional y en el 49% como suceso centinela. Conclusiones. El programa de Vigilancia Epidemiológica en Salud Laboral implantado en Navarra constituye una buena experiencia para la detección de patología de posible origen laboral que se está atendiendo en el sistema público de salud y exige, fundamentalmente, una buena labor de coordinación.Background. To evaluate the Sentinel Surveillance Program in Occupational Health in Navarre for the 1998-2007 period, identify factors that facilitate its implementation and describe the socioeconomic characteristics of the notified cases. Method. An analysis was made of all occupational sentinel events reported by primary care between 1998 and 2005

  6. Las vacunaciones antivariólicas en Navarra (España entre septiembre y noviembre de 1801 Smallpox vaccinations in Navarre (Spain between September and November 1801

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    J.J. Viñes

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Se da noticia de la localización en el Archivo de D. Gaspar Castellano de Gastón, del documento que atestigua las primeras inoculaciones con linfa vacunal en Errazu, localidad del Valle de Baztán (Navarra, realizadas el 2 de Noviembre de 1801, por el médico de San Juan de Pie de Puerto (Francia Dr. Iribarren Ayzin, desde el brazo de una muchacha francesa de 18 años, conducida personalmente por él, a instancia de D. Josef Juaquín Gastón Alcalde del Valle del Baztán. El nuevo hallazgo sirve de homenaje 200 años después a la primera expedición de Salud Pública entre 1803 y 1806, dirigida por el médico alicantino D. Francisco Xavier Balmis, dando la vuelta al mundo, con el fin de difundir la vacuna entre todas las razas y zonas del mundo conocidas.We communicate the discovery in the Archive of D. Gaspar Castellano de Gastón of a document providing evidence of the first inoculations with lymph vaccine in Errazu, a village in the Baztán Valley (Navarre. These were carried out on November 2nd 1801, by a doctor from San Juan Pie de Puerto (France, Dr. Iribarren Ayzin, from the arm of a French girl aged 18, personally brought by him at the request of D. Josef Juaquín Gastón, Mayor of the Baztán Valley. The new finding serves as homage, 200 hundred years later, to the first Public Health expedition, carried out between 1803 and 1806, which travelled around the world in order to spread the vaccine amongst all the races and areas of the known world. The expedition was led by D. Francisco Xavier Balmis, a doctor from Alicante.

  7. Real Language Meets Real Business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muirhead, Muirhead; Schechter, Sarah

    2016-01-01

    The Real Business Language Challenge was a collaborative pilot project between Coca-Cola Enterprises (CCE) and Routes into Languages East for Year 9 and 10 pupils. It was based on CCE's award-winning Real Business Challenge, part of its highly acclaimed education programme. The Real Business Language Challenge transformed the project into a…

  8. Real Talk on Real Estate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    What’s hot and what’s not in China’s property market The Beijing 2008 Olympics is a giant magnet for real estate investment, but how far-reaching is its pull? Is it a good time to buy real estate in second-tier cities? And could a bal- looning worldwide real estate bubble have ramifications for China? Inquiring minds want to know the answers to all these questions in real estate circles. Experts may not always answer harmoniously, but unless you have a villa empire, their advice could help you conquer this tricky market more successfully. No bubble in Beijing or beyond The Olympic effect will cause real

  9. Registro fósil precuaternario de tetrápodos en los Pirineos occidentales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Berreteaga

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El estudio de los niveles fosilíferos continentales y marinos del Cretácico Superior y del Terciario de la Región Vasco-Cantabrica (Sinclinorio Subcantábrico y cuencas surpirenaicas adyacentes (Cuenca de Pamplona, Sector Noroccidental de la Depresión del Ebro ha puesto de manifiesto su potencial paleontológico en restos fósiles de vertebrados. Algunos de estos yacimientos son de gran relevancia en el Cretácico final de Europa, incluyendo nuevas especies de tortugas, escamosos, cocodrilos, dinosaurios y mamíferos. En la misma cantera del yacimiento alavés de Zambrana, compuesta principalmente por reptiles y mamíferos, es de gran interés paleontológico y contribuye a un mejor conocimiento de las faunas del Eoceno superior de la Península Ibérica. En Zambrana se ha reconocido hasta la fecha varias nuevas especies de perisodáctilos ecuoideos. En el Neogeno, se han descubierto nuevas localidades del Mioceno (Rambliense, Aragoniense en las Bardenas Reales de Navarra y otras áreas colindantes de la Cuenca del Ebro, que han proporcionado restos de anfibios, escamosos, tortugas, cocodrilos, aves y varios grupos de mamíferos. Por otro lado, una notable variedad de icnofacies de aves y mamíferos ha sido hallada en diferentes afloramientos de los potentes depósitos marinos litorales (Eoceno superior y continentales (Oligoceno-Mioceno inferior de la Alta Navarra.

  10. Real Forestry for Real Estate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagnon, Jennifer; Fisher, Jason

    2013-01-01

    Virginia is poised to see an unprecedented change in forest land ownership. To provide new landowners with information on sustainable forest management, we developed a two-part program, Real Forestry for Real Estate. First, we assembled New Landowner Packets, which contain a variety of sustainable forest management resources. Second, two…

  11. Caracterización de escorias metalúrgicas procedentes de yacimientos arqueológicos de Navarra (Siglos II a.C.- IV d.C.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ros-Latienda, L.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The Archaeology Section of the Government of Navarre put forward a proposal to undertake research in the characterization of a set of pieces from 2nd century B.C. to 4th century A.D. retrieved from excavations in different archaeological sites in this province, to obtain data related to the manufacturing process of the investigated artefacts and to compare the level of technical skills in different times and places, so as to achieve a better understanding of technological abilities and material culture. The finds discussed in this paper are of interest from an archaeometallurgical point of view, and they consist mainly of metallurgical slags, remains of manufactured pieces, and minerals residues used to obtain various metals. In addition to carrying out their chemical analyses by inductively coupled plasma (ICP, the study of six samples was performed by optical and scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray microanalysis (EDX which revealed the composition of large areas of the slags, and the study was finally completed by the determination of the phases present by X rays diffraction.Desde la Sección de Arqueología del Gobierno de Navarra llegó la propuesta de caracterizar una serie de piezas comprendidas entre el siglo II a.C. y el siglo IV d.C. procedentes de yacimientos arqueológicos de esta provincia con objeto de obtener datos relacionados con la tecnología que las produjo y poder comparar el grado de desarrollo técnico de diferentes épocas y lugares. Interesaba el estudio de estas piezas desde el punto de vista metalúrgico, habiendo entre ellas mayoritariamente escorias metalúrgicas, restos de piezas fabricadas y restos minerales utilizados en la obtención de diversos metales. Además de proceder a su análisis químico mediante técnica de plasma acoplado inductivamente (ICP, se estudiaron seis muestras mediante microscopía óptica, electrónica de barrido y microanálisis por energía dispersiva de rayos X (EDAX

  12. Classification and characterisation of SRF produced from different flows of processed MSW in the Navarra region and its co-combustion performance with olive tree pruning residues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramos Casado, Raquel; Arenales Rivera, Jorge; Borjabad García, Elena; Escalada Cuadrado, Ricardo; Fernández Llorente, Miguel; Bados Sevillano, Raquel; Pascual Delgado, Alfonso

    2016-01-01

    The scope of this work is to study the co-combustion of a solid recovered fuel (SRF) produced from household wastes and packaging wastes recovered from selective collection (SC) in the autonomous community of Navarra, located in the northeast of Spain. The municipal solid waste (MSW) is subjected to a mechanical biological treatment (MBT) in order to stabilize the organic matter and recover the recyclable materials as it is done for packaging wastes. Afterwards, rejects from this treatment plant were preconditioned and compressed by a pelletizing process to produce a secondary fuel according to quality and classification criteria of EN 15359, producing the so-called SRF. A fuel characterisation was carried out according to CEN standards and the SRF was classified as follows: NCV 2; Cl 3; Hg 1. SRF pellets were cofired with residual biomass pellets from olive tree pruning (OTP) in a bubbling fluidised bed combustor, as an option of energy recovery. The mixture of fuels, with a mixing ratio close to 50% by weight, showed a significant calorific value of 18.25 MJ/kg at 8% of moisture content. In addition, elemental composition of the mixture based on nitrogen (N), sulphur (S) and chlorine (Cl) (1% N, 0.2% S and 0.4% Cl) was not far from some herbaceous biomasses. The co-combustion showed good results as an energy recovery technology because of the synergies of both fuels, improving notably the combustion conditions and reducing significantly CO concentration, regarding to the combustion of OTP, though other contaminants such as NOx and HCl increased. During eight hours of stable operation, the concentration of dioxins and furans was measured obtaining a value of 7.68 ng/Nm(3) (toxic equivalence: i-TEQ of 0.33 ng/Nm(3)). Proportions of SRF lower than 50% in the mixtures should be tested in order to cut down the emissions of these pollutants, or an abatement system for organochloride compounds may be required. PMID:26072185

  13. Impacto de la vacunación universal frente a la varicela en Navarra, 2006-2010 Impact of universal varicella vaccination in Navarre, 2006-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. García Cenoz

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. En 2007 se introdujo la vacunación universal frente a la varicela en el calendario vacunal de Navarra. Este estudio tiene por objeto evaluar el impacto de dicha medida en la incidencia de varicela tanto en las cohortes vacunadas (efecto directo, como en las no vacunadas (efecto indirecto. Material y métodos. La varicela es una enfermedad de declaración obligatoria individualizada. Analizamos la incidencia anual por grupos de edad entre 2006 y 2010. Del conjunto mínimo básico de datos al alta hospitalaria se tomaron los ingresos con diagnóstico principal de varicela o de varicela complicada de los años 2006 a 2009. Resultados. La incidencia de varicela ha disminuido un 93,0%, desde 8,04 casos por 1.000 habitantes en 2006 a 0,56 por 1000 habitantes en 2010 (pBackground. In 2007 universal varicella vaccination was introduced in the childhood immunization schedule of of Navarre. The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of this measure on the incidence of varicella in both vaccinated cohorts (direct effect and in the unvaccinated (indirect effect. Material and methods. Varicella is a notifiable disease. We analyzed the annual incidence by age groups between 2006 and 2010. Hospital admissions with varicella or complicated varicella as the principal diagnosis were obtained from the minimum basic data set on hospital discharges for the years 2006 to 2009. Results. The incidence of varicella has decreased by 93.0%, from 8.04 cases per 1,000 inhabitants in 2006 to 0.56 per 1,000 inhabitants in 2010 (p<0,0001. In children from 1 to 6 years (vaccinated cohorts, the incidence of varicella has fallen by 96.3%. In the cohorts vaccinated at 10 and 14 years, a decrease of 93.6% can also be observed in children from 10 to 14 years, and of 85.0% in those of 15 to 19 years. In the unvaccinated age groups we can observe falls of 88.2% in children under one year, of 73.3% in those of 7 to 9 years, and of 84.6% in people over 20 years. In

  14. Análisis de la producción de la Universidad de Navarra en revistas de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades empleando rankings de revistas españolas y la Web of Science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Torres-Salinas, Daniel

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports a bibliometric analysis of the output of the Faculties of Social Sciences and Humanities of the University of Navarra, as recorded by publications in scholarly journals over the period 1999-2005. Information for the analysis was gathered from Journal Citation Reports (JCR and from the Spanish Índice de Impacto de las Revistas Españolas de Ciencias Sociales (IN-RECS, Índice de Impacto de las Revistas Españolas de Ciencias Jurídicas (IN-REJS and Revistas Españolas de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades (RESH. The aim of this work was to determine the adequacy of these ranking systems as bibliometric tools for describing the output in Spanish journals of a university. The results show the University of Navarra published 7281 documents during the studied period, 1908 (26 % of which were articles in journals. Just over 39 % of the latter were published in Spanish scientific journals, and 12 % in Web of Science journals. The coverage of the ranking systems varies per faculty: the IN-RECJ best covered articles published by the Law faculty; IN-RECS best represented production from Communication and Economics faculties; and RESH best covered production from Humanities faculties. Some 43 % of the studied articles recorded by IN-RECS were published in the first quartile of journals covered by the index; this figure was 42 % with respect to RESH, and 12 % with respect to JCR. Spanish national ranking systems are therefore useful as a complement to bibliometric information provided via the Web of Science and JCR.

    Se realiza un análisis bibliométrico de la producción en revistas de las facultades de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades de la Universidad de Navarra durante el período 1999-2005. Se emplean junto al Journal Citation Reports diferentes rankings de revistas españolas: el Índice de Impacto de las Revistas Españolas de Ciencias Sociales (IN-RECS, Índice de Impacto de las Revistas Espa

  15. El Congreso médico-regional de Navarra (1886: un ejemplo de la transmisión del conocimiento científico The "Regional-Medical Congress of Navarre" (1886: an exercise in sharing scientific knowledge

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    P. León

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available La última ola epidémica del cólera en Navarra (1884-1885 es la menos estudiada porque apenas afectó a Pamplona, el núcleo urbano más importante de la región, pero creó una situación crítica en otras áreas como la Ribera. Fundamento. El "Congreso médico-regional de Navarra" celebrado en Tafalla (Navarra, en 1886, se convocó para estudiar la epidemia de cólera de 1885 en la región. El interés de esta reunión científica estriba en la actitud de los médicos ante el desarrollo de la microbiología y la higiene pública. En un momento en que Robert Koch aisla el Bacillus vírgula, en 1883, y tiene lugar la polémica desarrollada por la difusión de la vacuna de Jaime Ferrán y Clúa, en 1885. Material y métodos. A través de las actas y de las memorias presentadas al Congreso analizamos la influencia de autores e instituciones internacionales en los profesionales navarros. Conclusiones. La reunión científico médica de Tafalla fue una iniciativa singular para Navarra. En ella se observa la transferencia de ideas de los congresos internacionales sobre la epidemia colérica. Esta influencia fue mediada por personalidades como Nicasio Landa y A. Espina y Capo. Hemos observado diferencias en las concepciones de los médicos, en el momento en el que no existía una teoría etiopatogénica única. La metodología seguida por los médicos ejemplifica el análisis y las medidas higiénico sanitarias propuestas para combatir el cólera.This paper discusses the last wave of cholera in Navarre (1884-85. This epidemic has been the least studied because it barely affected Pamplona, the largest urban area in the province. But the situation was critical in other zones close to the River Ebro (the Ribera area. Background. In 1886, the "Regional-Medical Congress of Navarre", held in Tafalla (Navarre, studied the latest cholera epidemic in the region. An analysis of this scientific meeting is of interest because of the data it offers on the

  16. Real analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Loeb, Peter A

    2016-01-01

    This textbook is designed for a year-long course in real analysis taken by beginning graduate and advanced undergraduate students in mathematics and other areas such as statistics, engineering, and economics. Written by one of the leading scholars in the field, it elegantly explores the core concepts in real analysis and introduces new, accessible methods for both students and instructors. The first half of the book develops both Lebesgue measure and, with essentially no additional work for the student, general Borel measures for the real line. Notation indicates when a result holds only for Lebesgue measure. Differentiation and absolute continuity are presented using a local maximal function, resulting in an exposition that is both simpler and more general than the traditional approach. The second half deals with general measures and functional analysis, including Hilbert spaces, Fourier series, and the Riesz representation theorem for positive linear functionals on continuous functions with compact support....

  17. Situación de las enfermedades de declaración obligatoria (EDO en Navarra, 2003 Compulsory Diseases Notification (CDN in Navarre 2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Urtiaga

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available La vigilancia epidemiológica de Navarra comprende 34 enfermedades transmisibles de declaración obligatoria y los brotes epidémicos de cualquier etiología. La declaración es efectuada semanalmente por los médicos de pediatría, atención primaria y asistencia especializada, ante la sospecha o diagnóstico de estos procesos. En 2003 se recibieron el 75,0% de todas los partes de notificaciones posibles (un parte semanal por médico, porcentaje que ha mejorado en el último quinquenio. En 2003 la gripe alcanzó una tasa de 48,9 casos por 1.000 habitantes (índice epidémico, IE: 0,91, y presentó un pico epidémico en enero y otro en noviembre. La tasa de tuberculosis respiratoria fue de 11,76 casos por 100.000 habitantes, y la de tuberculosis no respiratoria de 1,90, continuando en ambas la tendencia descendente. Cinco casos de tuberculosis ocurrieron en dos pequeños brotes familiares. El 30% de los casos se produjeron en inmigrantes. Los casos coinfectados con VIH han descendido del 21% en 1996 al 2,5% en 2003. Se notificaron 15 casos confirmados de enfermedad meningocócica (2,6 por 100.000 habitantes; IE:1,00, presentados de forma esporádica. En 10 se aisló Neisseria meningitidis serogrupo B y en 5 el serogrupo C. El 80% se presentaron en forma de sepsis, y en un caso (6,7% se produjo el fallecimiento. Todos los casos menores de 6 años estaban vacunados y fueron por serogrupo B. La incidencia de legionelosis fue de 3,8 casos por 100.000 habitantes (IE: 0,92, sin relación epidemiológica entre ellos. Se produjeron 7 casos de paludismo, todos importados. La incidencia de toxinfecciones alimentarias ha disminuido (IE: 0,71.Epidemiological vigilance in Navarre covers 34 transmissible diseases, whose notification is compulsory, and epidemic outbreaks of any aetiology. Notification is carried out on a weekly basis by the doctors from paediatrics, primary and specialised level who suspect or diagnose any of these diseases. In 2003, 75.0% of

  18. Consumo de tabaco en titulados universitarios: El Proyecto SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra Smoking among a cohort of Spanish university graduates: The SUN Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xabier Adrián García de Albéñiz

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Valorar la asociación de la situación laboral, el tipo de estudios y el estado civil con el consumo de tabaco en una cohorte de licenciados y diplomados universitarios españoles, donde predominan los profesionales sanitarios. Métodos: Se realizó un análisis transversal de los datos basales de los 7.508 primeros participantes del Proyecto SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra. Los sujetos fueron clasificados según su consumo de tabaco. Las variables independientes fueron: situación laboral, estado civil, nivel más alto de estudios completado, número de hijos, gramos de alcohol ingerido al día, índice de masa corporal y edad. En el análisis multivariante se ajustaron 3 grupos de modelos de regresión logística no condicional: a fumadores frente al conjunto formado por nunca fumadores más ex fumadores; b fumadores frente a nunca fumadores, y c fumadores de 15 o más cigarrillos al día frente al conjunto formado por fumadores de menos de 15 cigarrillos/día, nunca fumadores y ex fumadores. Resultados: En los varones no se encontró ninguna asociación entre la situación laboral y ser fumador en ninguna de las 3 comparaciones. Por el contrario, entre las mujeres se observó que haber cursado la diplomatura de enfermería se asociaba a una mayor prevalencia de tabaquismo, con una prevalencia del 48,5% de fumadoras actuales entre las enfermeras. Entre las mujeres, también era más frecuente el consumo de tabaco en las estudiantes. Para las estudiantes, la prevalencia de grandes fumadoras (≥ 15 cigarrilos/día mostraba una odds ratio de 1,81 (intervalo de confianza del 95%, 1,28-2,57. Haber realizado un doctorado se asociaba inversamente con el tabaquismo en ambos sexos. Conclusiones: Dentro de un gran colectivo español con niveles educativos superiores, la prevalencia de fumadoras actuales es mayor en las mujeres que han completado una diplomatura. Es preocupante, desde el punto de vista sociosanitario, que entre las

  19. Situación de las Enfermedades de Declaración Obligatoria (EDO en Navarra, 2004 Communicable disease surveillance in Navarre, 2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Castilla

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available La vigilancia epidemiológica de Navarra (584.734 habitantes comprende 34 enfermedades transmisibles de declaración obligatoria y los brotes epidémicos de cualquier etiología. La declaración es efectuada semanalmente por los médicos de pediatría, atención primaria y asistencia especializada. En 2004 se recibieron el 75,8% de todas los partes de notificaciones posibles (uno semanal por médico, porcentaje que ha mejorado en el último quinquenio. La gripe alcanzó sólo 14,4 casos por 1.000 habitantes (índice epidémico, IE:0,30 por el adelanto del pico epidémico de la temporada 2003-2004 al mes de noviembre. La tasa de tuberculosis respiratoria descendió hasta 11,6 casos por 100.000 habitantes, y la de tuberculosis no respiratoria ascendió a 2,7 por 100.000. Diez casos de tuberculosis (11,9% se agruparon en cuatro brotes que afectaron a adolescentes y adultos jóvenes. El 30% de los casos se produjeron en inmigrantes y el 4,8% en personas coinfectadas por el VIH, siendo estas proporciones similares a las del año anterior. Se notificaron 11 casos de enfermedad meningocócica (1,9 por 100.000 habitantes; IE: 0,73, pero sólo en 8 la forma clínica fue de sepsis y/o meningitis. La letalidad ascendió al 18,2%. En 8 casos se aisló Neisseria meningitidis serogrupo B y en 2 el serogrupo C, estos últimos eran adultos y no estaban vacunados. La incidencia de enfermedades inmunoprevenibles sigue en descenso, y por quinto año no se ha declarado ningún caso de sarampión. La legionelosis, detectada mediante la determinación sistemática del antígeno en orina, ascendió a 5,8 casos por 100.000 habitantes (IE:1,42, sin que se detectase relación epidemiológica entre ellos. La incidencia de enfermedades importadas aumentó, contabilizándose 12 paludismos, 8 shigelosis, 5 hepatitis A y 2 legionelosis adquiridas fuera de España.Epidemiological surveillance in Navarre (584,734 inhabitants covers 34 transmissible diseases, whose notification

  20. Real-time systems

    OpenAIRE

    Badr, Salah M.; Bruztman, Donald P.; Nelson, Michael L.; Byrnes, Ronald Benton, Jr.

    1992-01-01

    This paper presents an introduction to the basic issues involved in real-time systems. Both real-time operating sys and real-time programming languages are explored. Concurrent programming and process synchronization and communication are also discussed. The real-time requirements of the Naval Postgraduate School Autonomous Under Vehicle (AUV) are then examined. Autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV), hard real-time system, real-time operating system, real-time programming language, real-time sy...

  1. Direct, indirect and total effects of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccination on invasive pneumococcal disease in children in Navarra, Spain, 2001 to 2014: cohort and case-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guevara, Marcela; Barricarte, Aurelio; Torroba, Luis; Herranz, Mercedes; Gil-Setas, Alberto; Gil, Francisco; Bernaola, Enrique; Ezpeleta, Carmen; Castilla, Jesús

    2016-04-01

    We estimated the direct, indirect and total effects of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) on invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in children. A population-based cohort study followed children aged between 2.5 and 59 months between 2001 and 2014 in Navarra, Spain. IPD incidence was compared by PCV status and period. All cases diagnosed from July 2010 to December 2014 and eight matched controls per case were analysed to estimate the adjusted direct effect of PCV13. A total of 120,980 children were followed and 206 IPD cases were detected. Compared with unvaccinated children in the baseline period (2001-2004), overall IPD incidence in 2011-2014 (76% average PCV coverage) declined equally in vaccinated (total effect: 76%; hazard ratio (HR): 0.24; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.14-0.40) and unvaccinated children (indirect effect: 78%; HR: 0.22; 95% CI: 0.09-0.55). IPD incidence from non-PCV13 serotypes increased among vaccinated children (HR: 2.84; 95% CI: 1.02-7.88). The direct effect of one or more doses of PCV13 against vaccine serotypes was 95% (odds ratio: 0.05; 95% CI: 0.01-0.55). PCV13 was highly effective in preventing vaccine-serotype IPD. The results suggest substantial and similar population-level vaccine benefits in vaccinated and unvaccinated children through strong total and indirect effects. PMID:27103428

  2. La dinámica de la integración social de los inmigrantes y su impacto en la sociedad de acogida. La perspectiva desde Navarra La dinámica de la integración social de los inmigrantes y su impacto en la sociedad de acogida. La perspectiva desde Navarra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Laparra

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to analyse, through a dynamic perspective, the way in which social integration processes are being shaped in some settlement areas, as Navarre, marked by a high economic dynamism, a comparatively high social cohesion and a territorial structure preventing concentrated settlement of immigrants. We will see the specific characteristics of this kind of receiving societies and the differences to other territories with different functions within the Spanish map of migrations, and we will assess in this way their integration potential and their specific problems. Paying special attention to these areas with more integration potential, we will be able to establish the correlation between social integration process of migrants and their positive impact in the welcoming society. The further the process of social integration reaches, the bigger is the profit for the welcoming society in demographic, economic, and social terms. That is a crucial consideration in a moment in which we are facing the first period of a long migration process in Spain, and shows the responsibility of social and employment policies on building an integration model that regards immigration as a positive-sum game in which both migrants and the whole society make profit.Tratamos de analizar en este artículo, en una perspectiva dinámica, cómo se están construyendo los procesos de integración social en determinados espacios de asentamiento como Navarra, marcados por el alto dinamismo económico, un nivel comparativamente alto de cohesión social y un modelo territorial que favorece la dispersión residencial de los inmigrantes. Podremos ver las peculiaridades de este tipo de territorios y las diferencias respecto de otros que cumplen otras funciones dentro del conjunto del mapa de las migraciones en España y valorar así su potencial integrador y sus problemáticas específicas. Centrándonos en estos territorios que presentan mayor potencial

  3. Real difference Galois theory

    OpenAIRE

    Dreyfus, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we develop a difference Galois theory in the setting of real fields. After proving the existence and uniqueness of the real Picard-Vessiot extension, we define the real difference Galois group and prove a Galois correspondence.

  4. Progresos en el control de la infección por el VIH y el sida en Navarra, 1985-2003 Progress in the control of HIV infection and AIDS in Navarre, 1985-2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JC. Moreno-Iribas

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Se revisa la situación epidemiológica de la infección por el VIH y el sida en Navarra en 2003. Hasta diciembre de 2003 se habían diagnosticado 1.610 infecciones por el VIH en residentes en Navarra, de los cuales el 41% habían fallecido. Los nuevos diagnósticos de VIH han disminuido un 81% entre 1993 y 2003, año en que se diagnosticaron 28 casos (4,8 por 100.000 habitantes. El descenso se produjo fundamentalmente en las infecciones en usuarios de drogas inyectadas, ya que los casos por transmisión sexual se han mantenido estables. Más de la mitad de las infecciones diagnosticadas en el período 2000-2003 (58% eran atribuibles a transmisión heterosexual, el 18% ocurrieron en usuarios de drogas por vía parenteral y el 12% en hombres homosexuales. El 33% eran personas originarias de otros países. La incidencia de sida ha disminuido de 75 casos en 1996 a 20 en 2003, y la mortalidad de 65 a 8 casos, respectivamente. En el período 2000-2003 la incidencia media anual de sida fue de 4,2 por 100.000 habitantes y la tasa media anual de mortalidad de 1,6 por 100.000 habitantes. A finales de 2003 había 902 personas vivas con diagnóstico de VIH seguidas en el sistema sanitario (1,6 infecciones conocidas por 1.000 habitantes. En 2003 el 65% de los jóvenes de 15 a 29 años refería relaciones sexuales coitales, porcentaje mayor que en años anteriores, pero su nivel de información sobre prevención del sida fue aceptable. Es preciso insistir en la prevención y adaptarla a las nuevas situaciones.The epidemiological situation of HIV infection and AIDS in Navarre in 2003 is reviewed. Up until December 2003, 1,610 HIV infections had been diagnosed in residents of Navarre, of whom 41% had died. The new diagnoses of HIV fell by some 81% between 1993 and 2003, a year in which 28 cases were diagnosed (4.8 per 100,000 inhabitants. The fall basically occurred in infections in injection drug users, since the cases due to sexual transmission had remained

  5. Patrones de distribución espacial de la riqueza de especies de vertebrados en un área de transición biogeografica: de la Navarra pirenaica a la mediterránea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nogués Bravo, D.

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Uneven distribution of biodiversity over the Earth's surface is a consequence of historic, environmental and functional factors. In this paper, spatial patterns of amphibians, reptiles, mammals and birds have been studied in a biogeographical gradient between Pyrenean and Mediterranean environments in Navarra. Also, the relationships between biodiversity, species richness, and biogeographical gradient have been measured with directional semivariograms and GIS. Results show correlations between biogeographical change and spatial patterns of vertebrates: reptiles have the higher values of species richness in the ecotone, while amphibians have an uneven distribution. Mammals and birds show lineal correlations with biogeographical change but in opposite directions.

    [fr]
    La repartition inégale de la biodiverité sur la surface du globe est conséquence de facteurs historiques, environnementaux et fonctionnels. Dans ce travail on analyse les modèles de la répartition dans l'espace des amphibiens, reptiles, oiseaux et mammifères sur un gradient biogéographique de Navarre, et on quantifie les relations parmis la biodiversité (exprimée comme richesse spécifique et les changements biogéographiques en utilisant semivariogrammes et systèmes d'information géographique. Les résultats montrent cette relation parmi le changement biogéographique et la répartition dans l'espace des quatre groupes de vertébrés terrestres: les reptiles ont un plus grand nombre d'espèces dans Vecotone tandis que les amphibiens montrent une répartition plus aléatoire, et les oiseaux et les mammifères présentent una variation linéaire du nombre d'espèces, variation qui est de signe opposé dans un groupe par rapport a l'autre.
    [es]
    La desigual distribución de la biodiversidad sobre la superficie terrestre es consecuencia de factores históricos, ambientales y funcionales. En el presen trabajo se analizan los patrones de distribuci

  6. Estimación de la abundancia relativa de martines pescadores Alcedo atthis L., 1758 reproductores en ríos de la zona calcárea de la mitad norte de Navarra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VILCHES, A., MIRANDA, R., ARIZAGA, J.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es determinar la abundancia relativa de martines pescadores Alcedo atthis L., 1758 nidificantes en ríos de la zona calcárea de la mitad norte de Navarra. Para ello, durante el periodo de cría de 2007, entre los meses de abril y agosto, se inspeccionaron tramos de ríos dentro de la citada zona con el fin de localizar nidos activos y/o parejas nidificantes. Se utilizaron tres metodologías de censo: (1 localización de nidos, (2 captura de adultos para los que se observaron signos de reproducción y (3 localización de parejas adultas. Se recorrieron en conjunto 126,7 km, en los que se hallaron 7 nidos, siendo en consecuencia la abundancia relativa promedio de 0,06 pareja/km. Si a este valor se suman el número de parejas seguras, para las que se capturaron uno o los dos individuos con signos de reproducción, pero no se encontró el nido, la abundancia relativa se incrementa a 0,07 pareja/km. Si, finalmente, se añaden las parejas que se observaron durante este periodo y área de muestreo, pero no se capturaron y para las que no se encontró el nido, la abundancia relativa alcanzaría 0,13 pareja/km. En comparación con otras zonas tanto del ámbito peninsular como de Europa, la abundancia relativa obtenida es baja

  7. Sources for the study of collective violence in Early Modern Navarre: the value of the judicial documentation Fuentes para el estudio de la violencia colectiva en la Navarra moderna: el valor de la documentación procesal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Ruiz Astiz

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available During the Old Regime we attended in Kingdom of Navarre of the constant presence of disorders that alter the public order.The assignment of this article is to demonstrate that the study of these phenomena can be realised of a satisfactory way if we resorted to the judicial processes. Thanks to these sources of file the elementary characteristics of these events can be reconstructed helping to the historians to select their true background. Nevertheless, in this work also it is tried to approachthis type of documentation showing not only the advantages that takeimplicit their use, but as well the disadvantages that lock up. Althoughover everything the numerous benefits prevail that allow to obtain this type of sources to the investigators when they decide to confront the studyof past times.Durante el Antiguo Régimen asistimos en el reino de Navarra a la constante presencia de desórdenes que alteran el orden público. El cometido de este artículo es demostrar que el estudio de estos fenómenos se puede realizar de un modo satisfactorio si recurrimos a los procesos judiciales. Gracias a estas fuentes de archivo pueden ser reconstruidas las características elementales de estos sucesos, ayudando a los historiadores a entresacar su verdadero trasfondo. Sin embargo, en este trabajo también se pretende abordar este tipo de documentación mostrando no sólo las ventajas que llevan implícitas su uso, sino a su vez las desventajas que encierran. Aunque por encima de todo priman los numerosos beneficios que permiten obtener este tipo de fuentes a los investigadores cuando deciden afrontar el estudio de épocas pasadas.

  8. Real Algebraic Geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Mahé, Louis; Roy, Marie-Françoise

    1992-01-01

    Ten years after the first Rennes international meeting on real algebraic geometry, the second one looked at the developments in the subject during the intervening decade - see the 6 survey papers listed below. Further contributions from the participants on recent research covered real algebra and geometry, topology of real algebraic varieties and 16thHilbert problem, classical algebraic geometry, techniques in real algebraic geometry, algorithms in real algebraic geometry, semialgebraic geometry, real analytic geometry. CONTENTS: Survey papers: M. Knebusch: Semialgebraic topology in the last ten years.- R. Parimala: Algebraic and topological invariants of real algebraic varieties.- Polotovskii, G.M.: On the classification of decomposing plane algebraic curves.- Scheiderer, C.: Real algebra and its applications to geometry in the last ten years: some major developments and results.- Shustin, E.L.: Topology of real plane algebraic curves.- Silhol, R.: Moduli problems in real algebraic geometry. Further contribu...

  9. Real Stories of Depression

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Depression Publications About Men and Depression Getting Help Real Stories of Depression Bill Maruyama , Lawyer Jimmy Brown , ... in Men Signs & Symptoms Depression Treatment Getting Help Real Stories of Depression Publications About Men and Depression ...

  10. The Eudoxus Real Numbers

    OpenAIRE

    Arthan, R. D.

    2004-01-01

    This note describes a representation of the real numbers due to Schanuel. The representation lets us construct the real numbers from first principles. Like the well-known construction of the real numbers using Dedekind cuts, the idea is inspired by the ancient Greek theory of proportion, due to Eudoxus. However, unlike the Dedekind construction, the construction proceeds directly from the integers to the real numbers bypassing the intermediate construction of the rational numbers. The constru...

  11. Electricity Real Options Valuation

    OpenAIRE

    Broszkiewicz-Suwaj, Ewa

    2006-01-01

    In this paper a real option approach for the valuation of real assets is presented. Two continuous time models used for valuation are described: geometric Brownian motion model and interest rate model. The valuation for electricity spread option under Vasicek interest model is placed and the formulas for parameter estimators are calculated. The theoretical part is confronted with real data from electricity market.

  12. La transición mediterráneo-eurosiberiana en Navarra: caracterización de los tomillares y aliagares su mediterráneos (Thymelaeo-Aphyllanthetum monspeliensis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peralta, J.

    2001-12-01

    >Genistion occidentalis, elles se localisent à une moindre altitude, sur des pentes l'Aphyllanthion appartenant au secteur dit somontano-aragonais -aussi présentes en Navarre-, ils se distinguent par l'abondance des taxons atlantiques et eurosihériens, par la plus basse présence de nanophanérophytes et parce qu'ils montrent un préférence pour les localités plus pluvieuses. À vrai dire, entre ces trois types de garrigues s'avèrent des changements floristiques et structurels graduels que l'on peut rapporter aux changements climatiques liés à la transition Mediterranéo-eurosibérienne. Ainsi la composition floristique du Thymelaeo-Aphyllanthetum -avec une plus haute fréquence des espèces de Rosmarinetea et Rosmarinetalia face à ceux de Festuco-Ononidetea striatae et Ononidetalia striatae- et aussi sa physionomie, justifieraient bien l'inclusion de cette association dans l'alliance Aphyllanthion, ce qui montrerait ses relations avec les matorrals somontano-aragonais.
    [es]
    Se analizan las características fisionómicas, floristicas, dinámicas y ecológicas de los tomillares submediterráneos (Thymelaeo-Aphyllanthetum monspeliensis, y se comparan con otros dos grupos de matorrales basófilos, mediante el análisis de 391 inventarios, procedentes todos ellos de Navarra. Los tomillares del Thymelaeo-Aphyllanthetum son más diversos y cuentan con un mayor porcentaje de hemicriptófitos que los matorrales de Genista occidentalis (Genistion occidentalis, se localizan en altitudes inferiores, con menor pendiente y en posiciones con mayor insolación. Frente a los tomillares somontano-aragoneses presentes en Navarra, que representan fades xerófilas de Aphyllanthion, se diferencian por la mayor abundancia de taxones atlánticos y eurosiberianos, menor presencia de nanofanerófitos y por preferir localidades más lluviosas. Entre los tres grupos de matorral existe un cambio gradual en su

  13. Incidencia y mortalidad por cáncer en Navarra, 1998-2002: Evolución en los últimos 30 años Incidence and mortality due to cancer in Navarre, 1998-2002: Trends in the last 30 years

    OpenAIRE

    Ardanaz, E.; C. Moreno-Iribas; M.E. Pérez de Rada; C. Ezponda; Y. Floristán; N. Navaridas; J.M. Martínez-Peñuela; A. Puras; M. Santamaría; I. Ezpeleta; J. J. Valerdi; F.J. Pardo; F.J. Monzón; J. Lizarraga; C. Ortigosa

    2007-01-01

    Entre 1998-2002 se registraron 16.952 nuevos casos de cáncer en Navarra. En los hombres, los cánceres más frecuentemente diagnosticados fueron, por este orden próstata, pulmón, colon y recto, vejiga y estómago, que sumaron el 63,2% de todos los casos de cáncer. En mujeres las localizaciones de mama, colon y recto, cuerpo de útero, estómago y ovario sumaron el 57,6 % del total de los casos. En el mismo periodo, 1998-2002, fallecieron por cáncer 4.127 hombres y 2.470 mujeres. El 60 % de todas l...

  14. Real Estate Diversification Benefits

    OpenAIRE

    Dirk P.M. De Wit

    1997-01-01

    Diversification benefits are shown to vary inversely with the correlation between asset returns. The present study estimates average correlation coefficients between real-estate returns from property-specific data of an internationally diversified real estate and in the Netherlands. It is found that diversification benefits within the United States are much larger than on the European Continent. The low correlation found between U.S. real estate returns implies that portfolios of small number...

  15. Real estate valuation

    OpenAIRE

    Fleiberk, Tomáš

    2009-01-01

    The first part of this diploma thesis focuses on theoretical basis, which means definitions of basic terms related to real estates and valuation, cadastre of real estates, definitions of price and value, activity of valuers and real estate experts and two approaches to valuation, so called administrative and market valuation. The practical part begins with the apartment market analysis in the Czech republic in 2010 followed by the valuation of apartment. For the possibility of further compari...

  16. REAL ESTATE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Project: Shihua International Center Developer: Beijing Urban Construction Real Estate Co. Ltd. Location: Inner side of Jingguangqiao Overpass along the East Third Ring Road, Beijing Project Introduction: On the afternoon of March 30, Beijing Urban Construction Real Estate Co. Ltd. and Beijing Huihe Real Estate Co. Ltd. held the first introductory conference on the project of Shihua International Center in the Conference Hall of Jingguanq Center. At the conference,

  17. Real estate investing

    OpenAIRE

    Don T. Johnson

    2006-01-01

    Purpose –Aims to explain the rationale for producing an issue on the topic of real estate investing and how these articles fit together. Design/methodology/approach - Essay format. Findings - Real estate is probably the largest category of assets for investors and the works in this issue will assist in the decision making processes of real estate investors. Research limitations/implications - Each of these papers covers only a limited topic and more research in the area is needed. Practical i...

  18. Implicit Real Vector Automata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-François Degbomont

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the symbolic representation of non-convex real polyhedra, i.e., sets of real vectors satisfying arbitrary Boolean combinations of linear constraints. We develop an original data structure for representing such sets, based on an implicit and concise encoding of a known structure, the Real Vector Automaton. The resulting formalism provides a canonical representation of polyhedra, is closed under Boolean operators, and admits an efficient decision procedure for testing the membership of a vector.

  19. Implicit Real Vector Automata

    OpenAIRE

    Jean-François Degbomont; Julien Brusten; Bernard Boigelot

    2010-01-01

    This paper addresses the symbolic representation of non-convex real polyhedra, i.e., sets of real vectors satisfying arbitrary Boolean combinations of linear constraints. We develop an original data structure for representing such sets, based on an implicit and concise encoding of a known structure, the Real Vector Automaton. The resulting formalism provides a canonical representation of polyhedra, is closed under Boolean operators, and admits an efficient decision procedure for testing the ...

  20. REAL- ESTATE INTERFACE

    OpenAIRE

    Jawad, Mohamad

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the thesis was to implement the most efficient user interface (UI) for Real-estate in Finland for client companies due to their desire of having this feature in their system. The prototype was supposed to show the clients how the feature works to get needed data for real-estate properties in Finland in their map system. National Land Survey MML of Finland was chosen for tracking the real-estate properties data in the system. The real-estate prototype was developed by Micros...

  1. Real Change for the Real Economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    To tackle the problem of excess liquidity, it is extremely urgent to lead private speculative money into the investment sector. Developing strategic emerging industries will open a new investment channel for private capital and might help divert a certain amount from the virtual economy to real business operations.

  2. Identificación de problemas y propuestas para mejorar la atención de las urgencias extrahospitalarias en Navarra: un estudio Delphi Identification of problems and proposals for improving outpatient emergency care in Navarre: a Delphi study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Pérez-Ciordia

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. Las urgencias extrahospitalarias de Navarra sufrieron modificaciones en la organización hace dos años, destacando la creación del servicio de urgencias rural (SUR que coexiste geográficamente con el servicio normal de urgencias. El objetivo del estudio es conocer la opinión de expertos sobre los problemas y las recomendaciones de mejora que afectan a las urgencias extrahospitalarias. Metodología. Se realizó un estudio Delphi con la participación de 37 expertos (médicos y enfermeras. Por medio del correo electrónico se realizan 3 rondas de cuestionarios sucesivos. El último cuestionario identifica el grado de acuerdo con las ideas del grupo y se identifican los 15 problemas y recomendaciones más relevantes, seleccionando aquellas ideas que alcancen, al menos, el 50 % de acuerdo y una prioridad superior al percentil 25. Agrupamos las ideas mediante análisis de clúster jerárquico. Resultados. Se identifican 4 clúster de problemas, destacando entre ellos que «la población utiliza las urgencias para patología banal, como una consulta más» con una puntuación de 297 puntos. De las recomendaciones, con 3 clúster identificados, destaca la «necesidad de diseñar un plan estratégico de atención a las urgencias con unos recursos acorde a las necesidades» (310 puntos de prioridad y «enviar mensajes claros a la población sobre uso correcto de urgencias» (192 puntos de prioridad. Conclusión. El método Delphi identifica problemas y áreas de mejora a través del consenso.Background. Two years ago there were alterations to outpatient A and E departments in Navarre; in particular, a rural A and E service (Servicio de Urgencias Rural, SUR was set up, which coexists geographically with the normal A and E service. The aim of this study is to determine the opinion of experts on problems and recommendations for improvements that affect outpatient A and E services. Methodology. A Delphi study was carried out with the

  3. Síndrome de Cushing: veinticinco años de experiencia clínica en Navarra Cushing´s syndrome: twenty-five years of clinical experience in Navarre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Pérez García

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. El objetivo de este trabajo es conocer la situación del Síndrome de Cushing (CS en cuanto a etiología, diagnóstico, tratamiento y curación en los últimos 25 años en Navarra. Material y métodos. Este estudio -retrospectivo, observacional-, se ha llevado a cabo sobre 36 pacientes diagnosticados de SC entre 1985 y 2010. Resultados. El 80,5% eran mujeres y el 19,5% hombres. La edad media al diagnóstico fue 39,3±13 años. Las principales manifestaciones clínicas fueron: obesidad (85,3%, cara de luna llena (35,3% y miopatía (50%. Etiológicamente, el 58,3 % tenían origen hipofisario, el 36,1% adrenal y el 5,5% ectópico. La media de CLU fue 343,5±310,1 μg/24horas. El cortisol sérico tras el Nugent fue de 15,6±8,6 μg/dl. La media del cortisol plasmático tras el frenado débil fue 15,1±14,2 μg/dl. Existe correlación lineal directa estadísticamente significativa (pBackground. The aim of this work is to determine the situation of Cushing´s Syndrome (CS with respect to aetiology, diagnosis, treatment and cure in the last 25 years in Navarre. Methods. Retrospective, observational study on 36 patients diagnosed with CS between 1985 and 2010. Results. Eighty point five percent were women and 19.5% were men. The average age on diagnosis was 39.3±13 years. The main clinical manifestations were: obesity (85.3%, full moon face (35.3% and myopathy (50%. Aetiologically, in 58.3% the origin was hypophisiary, in 36.1% it was adrenal, and in 5.5% it was ectopic. The UFC average was 343.5±310.1 μg/24hours. Serum cortisol after Nugent test was 15.6±8.6 μg/dl. Low dose plasma cortisol average was 15.1±14.2 μg/dl. There is a statistically significant (p< 0.01 direct lineal correlation between UFC and the Nugent test, as well as between the Nugent test and low dose cortisol test. There are no statistically significant differences between adrenal and hypophisiary aetiology in either demographic factors or analytical results

  4. Real Time Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Knud Smed

    2000-01-01

    Describes fundamentals of parallel programming and a kernel for that. Describes methods for modelling and checking parallel problems. Real time problems.......Describes fundamentals of parallel programming and a kernel for that. Describes methods for modelling and checking parallel problems. Real time problems....

  5. Tropical Real Hurwitz numbers

    OpenAIRE

    Markwig, Hannah; Rau, Johannes

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we define tropical analogues of real Hurwitz numbers, i.e. numbers of covers of surfaces with compatible involutions satisfying prescribed ramification properties. We prove a correspondence theorem stating the equality of the tropical numbers with their real counterparts. We apply this theorem to the case of double Hurwitz numbers (which generalizes our result from arXiv:1409.8095).

  6. A Real Estate Revival?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lan; Xinzhen

    2013-01-01

    Further regulation in the real estate market is a must,but tighter controls won’t be easy Several government departments released a joint circular to control borrowing by local governments, which is the first policy involving the real estate market in the new year.

  7. Real Estate Career Opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert; Gardner, Gene

    Designed to provide basic information on the major entry-level career fields in real estate, this document can be used as a reference manual for counselors and instructors. The manual contains general information about the following real estate careers: salesperson, sales manager, broker, land developer, property manager, appraiser, mortgage loan…

  8. Basic real analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Sohrab, Houshang H

    2014-01-01

    This expanded second edition presents the fundamentals and touchstone results of real analysis in full rigor, but in a style that requires little prior familiarity with proofs or mathematical language. The text is a comprehensive and largely self-contained introduction to the theory of real-valued functions of a real variable. The chapters on Lebesgue measure and integral have been rewritten entirely and greatly improved. They now contain Lebesgue’s differentiation theorem as well as his versions of the Fundamental Theorem(s) of Calculus. With expanded chapters, additional problems, and an expansive solutions manual, Basic Real Analysis, Second Edition, is ideal for senior undergraduates and first-year graduate students, both as a classroom text and a self-study guide. Reviews of first edition: The book is a clear and well-structured introduction to real analysis aimed at senior undergraduate and beginning graduate students. The prerequisites are few, but a certain mathematical sophistication is required. ....

  9. Real-time shadows

    CERN Document Server

    Eisemann, Elmar; Assarsson, Ulf; Wimmer, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Important elements of games, movies, and other computer-generated content, shadows are crucial for enhancing realism and providing important visual cues. In recent years, there have been notable improvements in visual quality and speed, making high-quality realistic real-time shadows a reachable goal. Real-Time Shadows is a comprehensive guide to the theory and practice of real-time shadow techniques. It covers a large variety of different effects, including hard, soft, volumetric, and semi-transparent shadows.The book explains the basics as well as many advanced aspects related to the domain

  10. Real Wage Chronology

    OpenAIRE

    Amy Peng; Louis N. Christofides

    2009-01-01

    We process information in a large number of Canadian wage contracts, signed over a period of several decades, to generate the long-run history of the real wage for each bargaining pair. We term these hitherto unexamined histories ‘chronologies’. We are able to generate 1574 continuous real wage chronologies and we examine the evolution of the real wage in each case. We explore the influence of productivity growth, the labour relations record of the pair, the influence of industry and region a...

  11. Introduction to real analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Schramm, Michael J

    2008-01-01

    This text forms a bridge between courses in calculus and real analysis. It focuses on the construction of mathematical proofs as well as their final content. Suitable for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students of real analysis, it also provides a vital reference book for advanced courses in mathematics.The four-part treatment begins with an introduction to basic logical structures and techniques of proof, including discussions of the cardinality concept and the algebraic and order structures of the real and rational number systems. Part Two presents in-depth examinations of the compl

  12. Real Property Tax - 2016

    Data.gov (United States)

    Montgomery County of Maryland — This data represents all of the County’s residential real estate properties and all of the associated tax charges and credits with that property processed at the...

  13. Real Stories of Depression

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Men and Depression Getting Help Real Stories of Depression Bill Maruyama , Lawyer Jimmy Brown , Firefighter Melvin Martin , ... Sierra , Trauma and Recovery Specialist Share Men and Depression Depression in Men Signs & Symptoms Depression Treatment Getting ...

  14. Real Stories of Depression

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Men and Depression Getting Help Real Stories of Depression Bill Maruyama , Lawyer Jimmy Brown , Firefighter Melvin Martin , ... Sierra , Trauma and Recovery Specialist Share Men and Depression Depression in Men Signs & Symptoms Depression Treatment Getting ...

  15. REAL ESTATE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Stronger Demand in Shanghai Jones Lang LaSalle released its thirdquarter review report on the Shanghai real estate market.In Shanghai’s Puxi area,expansion of foreign-invested companies’ and clients’ needs for upgraded

  16. Real Interference Alignment

    CERN Document Server

    Motahari, Abolfazl Seyed; Maddah-Ali, Mohammad-Ali; Khandani, Amir Keyvan

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we show that the total Degrees-Of-Freedoms (DOF) of the $K$-user Gaussian Interference Channel (GIC) can be achieved by incorporating a new alignment technique known as \\emph{real interference alignment}. This technique compared to its ancestor \\emph{vector interference alignment} performs on a single real line and exploits the properties of real numbers to provide optimal signaling. The real interference alignment relies on a new coding scheme in which several data streams having fractional multiplexing gains are sent by transmitters and interfering streams are aligned at receivers. The coding scheme is backed up by a recent result in the field of Diophantine approximation, which states that the convergence part of the Khintchine-Groshev theorem holds for points on non-degenerate manifolds.

  17. Real Property Tax Rates

    Data.gov (United States)

    Montgomery County of Maryland — The Levy Year 2012 real property tax rate dataset reflects all the rates per $100 set each year by the County Council. These rates are applied to the assessed value...

  18. REAL ESTATE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Huaye International Center Location: Northwest Corner of Honglingjinqiao of Dongsihuanlu Investor: Huaye Real Estate Developer: Beijing Gaoshenghua Real Estate Development Co. Ltd. Hotline: 86-10-65858883 Introduction: Huaye International Center has a total floor space of about 80,000 square meters. It is a top-grade integrated business community, combining office buildings, five-star serviced apartments and recreational establishments. It is due to open in early 2007. Huaye is designed by prestigious Au...

  19. Real estate appraisal reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelena Cvetinović

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Real estate appraisal in Republic of Serbia is an area where are many unknowns. Fortunately, nowadays in Serbia we have two professional associations of appraisers. As we know there are two types of appraisal ??? mass and individual appraisal and both requires standardized reports. This paper presents forms of valuation reports for individual real estate appraisal with its advantages and disadvantages. Process of real estate appraisal is complex and consists of several steps described in detail in paper with emphasis on selection of the method for valuation. Real estate report presents the final step in the process of valuation. In order to ensure usage of uniform real estate appraisal reports, national and international associations have adopted standards. All standards prescribe the minimum of required contents of report (professional standards, as well as ethical standards in order to ensure that all appraisers act highly professional, responsible and with integrity, and general conditions. Despite all measures in standardization there are still many problems in implementation, especially in countries where English is not a native language due to the fact that all standards are written in English.

  20. Consumo de aceite de oliva e incidencia de diabetes mellitus en la cohorte española seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN Olive oil consumption and incidence of diabetes mellitus, in the Spanish sun cohort

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Marí-Sanchis

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Se conoce el beneficio de la dieta mediterránea sobre los factores de riesgo cardiovascular y sobre el metabolismo hidrocarbonado. No está claro sin embargo, el papel particular del aceite de oliva sobre la incidencia de diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto específico del consumo de aceite de oliva sobre el riesgo de desarrollar diabetes mellitus tipo 2 en la cohorte española Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra. Métodos: Un total de 10.491 participantes seguidos durante una media de 5,7 años fueron incluidos en el análisis. La valoración dietética inicial se realizó mediante un cuestionario previamente validado y con un total de 136 ítems. El evento de interés fueron los nuevos casos de diabetes incidente diagnosticados a los participantes durante el seguimiento mediante evaluaciones repetidas cada dos años. Se estimaron los riesgos relativos (odds ratios de diabetes asociados a cada nivel de consumo de aceite de oliva (quintiles mediante modelos de regresión logística para ajustar por posibles factores de confusión. Resultados: La edad media fue de 38,9 + 11,4 años, con un índice de masa corporal de 23,8 + 3,4 kg/m². Se detectaron durante el seguimiento 42 nuevos casos de diabetes mellitus tipo 2. No hubo relación estadísticamente significativa entre el consumo de aceite de oliva y el riesgo de diabetes. La odds ratio ajustada para el quintil superior (vs.el inferior fue de 1,11 (IC 95% 0,45-2,78 (p de tendencia = 0,32. Conclusiones: No hemos encontrado asociación entre el consumo de aceite de oliva y la incidencia de diabetes tipo 2 en esta cohorte. La ausencia de asociación encontrada se podría atribuir a los pocos casos incidentes en una población sana y con pocos factores de riesgo. Probablemente sea necesario un seguimiento más prolongado de una cohorte Mediterránea con mayor riesgo basal para poder evaluar esta asociación.Introduction: The beneficial effects of the overall

  1. Percepción y hábitos de salud bucodental en niños y adolescentes de Navarra, 2007 Oral health perception and oral habits in children and teenagers in Navarre, 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Artázcoz

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. Conocer la auto-percepción del nivel de salud oral y de las necesidades de tratamiento, los hábitos de higiene y la frecuencia de asistencia al dentista de los escolares de Navarra. Material y métodos. La población de estudio fue la de 6, 12 y 14 años de edad. La muestra se obtuvo de los colegios de 1º y 6º de Enseñanza Primaria (EP y 2º de Enseñanza Secundaria Obligatoria (ESO y la recogida de datos se hizo mediante cuestionarios auto-cumplimentados. Resultados. El 92%, a los 6 y 12 años, y el 82,9% a los 14 años está satisfecho con su salud oral. El 13,1% de los de 12 años y el 19,3% de 14 están descontentos, sobre todo por el mal alineamiento dental. Aproximadamente, un tercio cree necesitar algún tratamiento, sobre todo obturaciones a los 6 años y ortodoncia a los 12 y 14. Casi dos tercios dicen cepillarse los dientes más de una vez al día y entre el 80 y el 90% dicen haber ido al dentista en el último año. Más del 75% de los responsables de los escolares de 6 y 12 años valoran positivamente las prestaciones del Programa de Atención Dental Infantil (PADI y más del 95% está satisfecho con la asistencia que el dentista del PADI presta a sus hijos. El sexo, medio de residencia y nivel socioeconómico apenas influyen en la percepción de salud, frecuencia de cepillado o necesidades de tratamiento sentidas. Conclusión. El estudio revela que la percepción subjetiva de salud dental es buena y que un tercio de los encuestados creen necesitar algún tipo de tratamiento. Es muy positivo que la mayoría digan que hayan ido al dentista en el último año y que se cepillan la boca más de una vez al día, mejorando los resultados de estudios anteriores.Background. To determine the self-perception of oral health levels and the need for treatment, hygienic habits and frequency of visits to the dentist amongst schoolchildren in Navarre. Methods. The population of the study was aged 6, 12 and 14 years. The sample was

  2. Real mathematical analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Pugh, Charles C

    2015-01-01

    Based on an honors course taught by the author at UC Berkeley, this introduction to undergraduate real analysis gives a different emphasis by stressing the importance of pictures and hard problems. Topics include: a natural construction of the real numbers, four-dimensional visualization, basic point-set topology, function spaces, multivariable calculus via differential forms (leading to a simple proof of the Brouwer Fixed Point Theorem), and a pictorial treatment of Lebesgue theory. Over 150 detailed illustrations elucidate abstract concepts and salient points in proofs. The exposition is informal and relaxed, with many helpful asides, examples, some jokes, and occasional comments from mathematicians, such as Littlewood, Dieudonné, and Osserman. This book thus succeeds in being more comprehensive, more comprehensible, and more enjoyable, than standard introductions to analysis. New to the second edition of Real Mathematical Analysis is a presentation of Lebesgue integration done almost entirely using the un...

  3. The Real Beauty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡晓媛

    2015-01-01

    it is well-known that all men search for beauty.Although the definition of beauty changes as time goes by,people still spare no efforts to pursue beauty in their lives.Meanwhile,most people try every means to make their body images better.With more people increasingly being eager for beauty in various ways,it is high time that we should think deeply about the concept of real beauty.In this paper,an attempt has been made to shed light on the real beauty.It is not completely physical appearance or slim figure,but a healthy body and peaceful mind as well as admirable courage.Above all,whether people can realize the nature of real beauty is certainly worthwhile for us to ponder.

  4. Real quaternionic calculus handbook

    CERN Document Server

    Morais, João Pedro; Sprößig, Wolfgang

    2014-01-01

    Real quaternion analysis is a multi-faceted subject. Created to describe phenomena in special relativity, electrodynamics, spin etc., it has developed into a body of material that interacts with many branches of mathematics, such as complex analysis, harmonic analysis, differential geometry, and differential equations. It is also a ubiquitous factor in the description and elucidation of problems in mathematical physics. In the meantime real quaternion analysis has become a well established branch in mathematics and has been greatly successful in many different directions. This book is based on concrete examples and exercises rather than general theorems, thus making it suitable for an introductory one- or two-semester undergraduate course on some of the major aspects of real quaternion analysis in exercises. Alternatively, it may be used for beginning graduate level courses and as a reference work. With exercises at the end of each chapter and its straightforward writing style the book addresses readers who ...

  5. Real-time radiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Real-time radiography is used for imaging both dynamic events and static objects. Fluorescent screens play an important role in converting radiation to light, which is then observed directly or intensified and detected. The radiographic parameters for real-time radiography are similar to conventional film radiography with special emphasis on statistics and magnification. Direct-viewing fluoroscopy uses the human eye as a detector of fluorescent screen light or the light from an intensifier. Remote-viewing systems replace the human observer with a television camera. The remote-viewing systems have many advantages over the direct-viewing conditions such as safety, image enhancement, and the capability to produce permanent records. This report reviews real-time imaging system parameters and components

  6. Real-Time Shading

    CERN Document Server

    Olano, Marc

    2002-01-01

    This book covers real-time shading systems, their design and how they work. Procedural shading, long valued for off-line rendering and production animation is now possible on interactive graphics hardware. These developments are important for areas such as game development, product design, and scientific visualization, among others. The authors include examples of techniques for achieving common effects efficiently in a real-time shading language ranging from full procedural shading on advanced specialized hardware to limited, yet surprisingly flexible shading on unextended OpenGL, to modern P

  7. Real estate investment dynamics

    OpenAIRE

    Gruber, Johannes

    2010-01-01

    This thesis is motivated by the steadily increasing interest in the dynamic relationship between the macro-economy and the real estate sector. One of the main issues in this respect is to study the investment dynamics. Since the bursting of the U.S. housing bubble in 2006 is identified as the point of origin of the so called subprime crises, which led to the collapse of the U.S. financial system, the dynamics of real estate investments is of particular interest. In the first part of my the...

  8. Real analysis and probability

    CERN Document Server

    Ash, Robert B; Lukacs, E

    1972-01-01

    Real Analysis and Probability provides the background in real analysis needed for the study of probability. Topics covered range from measure and integration theory to functional analysis and basic concepts of probability. The interplay between measure theory and topology is also discussed, along with conditional probability and expectation, the central limit theorem, and strong laws of large numbers with respect to martingale theory.Comprised of eight chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the basic concepts of the theory of measure and integration, followed by a presentation of var

  9. Equity Real Estate Investment Trusts and Real Estate Returns

    OpenAIRE

    S. Michael Giliberto

    1990-01-01

    Some investors view equity real estate investment trusts (EREITs) as partial substitutes for conventional real estate investments, although the correlation between EREIT and real estate returns is insignificant. However, this study finds that the residuals from regressions of both real estate series on financial asset returns are significantly correlated. This supports the notion that there is a common factor (or factors) associated with real estate that affects both sets of returns. In addit...

  10. Being Real for Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Margie

    1995-01-01

    Because ready role models for today's children are media-created superheroes and celebrities of television and film, children need real-life role models who guide them into realistic personal and social pathways. As principal adult contacts, teachers can be such role models. Specific strategies for encouraging teachers in this role are presented.…

  11. Is Optimism Real?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simmons, Joseph P.; Massey, Cade

    2012-01-01

    Is optimism real, or are optimistic forecasts just cheap talk? To help answer this question, we investigated whether optimistic predictions persist in the face of large incentives to be accurate. We asked National Football League football fans to predict the winner of a single game. Roughly half (the partisans) predicted a game involving their…

  12. Introductory real analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Kolmogorov, A N; Silverman, Richard A

    1975-01-01

    Self-contained and comprehensive, this elementary introduction to real and functional analysis is readily accessible to those with background in advanced calculus. It covers basic concepts and introductory principles in set theory, metric spaces, topological and linear spaces, linear functionals and linear operators, and much more. 350 problems. 1970 edition.

  13. Convergence Is Real

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enyeart, Mike; Staman, E. Michael; Valdes, Jose J., Jr.

    2007-01-01

    The concept of convergence has evolved significantly during recent years. Today, "convergence" refers to the integration of the communications and computing resources and services that seamlessly traverse multiple infrastructures and deliver content to multiple platforms or appliances. Convergence is real. Those in higher education, and especially…

  14. Un-real Estate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulfstjerne, Michael Alexander

    Based on ethnographic fieldwork in Ordos China the dissertation ‘Un-real Estate’ traces a local economic boom into its subsequent bust. It gives an account of how state as well as non-state actors appropriate state development schemes and the unintended effects resulting from the colluding forces...

  15. Real determinant line bundles

    CERN Document Server

    Okonek, Christian

    2011-01-01

    This article is an expanded version of the talk given by Ch. O. at the Second Latin Congress on "Symmetries in Geometry and Physics" in Curitiba, Brazil in December 2010. In this version we explain the topological and gauge-theoretical aspects of our paper "Abelian Yang-Mills theory on Real tori and Theta divisors of Klein surfaces".

  16. The LEDA class real number

    OpenAIRE

    Burnikel, C.; Mehlhorn, K.; Schirra, S.

    1996-01-01

    We describe the implementation of the LEDA data type {\\bf real}. Every integer is a real and reals are closed under the operations addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and squareroot. The main features of the data type real are \\begin{itemize} \\item The user--interface is similar to that of the built--in data type double. \\item All comparison operators $\\{>, \\geq,

  17. Real Estate Inheritance in Austria

    OpenAIRE

    Pirmin Fessler; Peter Mooslechner; Martin Schürz

    2010-01-01

    As real estate inheritances are an important component of Austrian households’ assets, they are relevant for monetary policymaking and for the maintenance of financial stability. 20% of Austrian households have inherited real estate wealth, with some 2% of all households accounting for around 40% of the overall volume of real estate inheritances in Austria. In aggregate, real estate inheritances constitute up to 23% of households’ total real estate wealth. Households which have inherited diff...

  18. Incidencia y mortalidad por cáncer en Navarra, 1998-2002: Evolución en los últimos 30 años Incidence and mortality due to cancer in Navarre, 1998-2002: Trends in the last 30 years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Ardanaz

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Entre 1998-2002 se registraron 16.952 nuevos casos de cáncer en Navarra. En los hombres, los cánceres más frecuentemente diagnosticados fueron, por este orden próstata, pulmón, colon y recto, vejiga y estómago, que sumaron el 63,2% de todos los casos de cáncer. En mujeres las localizaciones de mama, colon y recto, cuerpo de útero, estómago y ovario sumaron el 57,6 % del total de los casos. En el mismo periodo, 1998-2002, fallecieron por cáncer 4.127 hombres y 2.470 mujeres. El 60 % de todas las muertes producidas por tumores malignos en hombres se debieron a las localizaciones de pulmón, próstata, colón y recto, estómago y vejiga. En las mujeres las localizaciones de colon y recto, mama, estómago, páncreas y pulmón, sumaron el 49% de las defunciones por cáncer. En los hombres de Navarra han aumentado las tasas de incidencia del cáncer de próstata, riñón y linfoma no Hodgkin. Cánceres evitables, como los relacionados con el hábito de fumar (pulmón, cavidad oral y faringe o páncreas, continúan en ascenso, y representan mayor riesgo global de morir por cáncer en el último periodo estudiado que en las décadas de los años 1970 y 1980. A partir de 1995 y hasta la actualidad, la mortalidad por cáncer pasó de ocupar el segundo lugar a ser la primera causa de muerte entre los hombres de Navarra. El riesgo global de muerte por cáncer en hombres se ha igualado al primer periodo estudiado 1975-77. Entre las mujeres el riesgo global de muerte por cáncer descendió un 25% entre 1975 y 2002, a costa fundamentalmente del cáncer de mama y de estómago. Los tumores relacionados con el hábito de fumar muestran incrementos tanto en la mortalidad como en la incidencia y emerge como un problema importante de salud entre las mujeres de Navarra. Ha aumentado la incidencia de cáncer de mama, en cambio en la mortalidad se sitúa en cifras inferiores a las del primer periodo 1975-77. El cáncer invasivo de cérvix se mantiene en tasas

  19. Route around real time

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The greater and greater autonomy and complexity asked to the control and command systems lead to work on introducing techniques such as Artificial Intelligence or concurrent object programming in industrial applications. However, while the critical feature of these systems impose to control the dynamics of the proposed solutions, their complexity often imposes a high adaptability to a partially modelled environment. The studies presented start from low level control and command systems to more complex applications at higher levels, such as 'supervision systems'. Techniques such as temporal reasoning and uncertainty management are proposed for the first studies, while the second are tackled with programming techniques based on the real time object paradigm. The outcomes of this itinerary crystallize on the ACCORD project which targets to manage - on the whole life cycle of a real time application - these two problematics, sometimes antagonistic: control of the dynamics and adaptivity. (author)

  20. Real analysis on intervals

    CERN Document Server

    Choudary, A D R

    2014-01-01

    The book targets undergraduate and postgraduate mathematics students and helps them develop a deep understanding of mathematical analysis. Designed as a first course in real analysis, it helps students learn how abstract mathematical analysis solves mathematical problems that relate to the real world. As well as providing a valuable source of inspiration for contemporary research in mathematics, the book helps students read, understand and construct mathematical proofs, develop their problem-solving abilities and comprehend the importance and frontiers of computer facilities and much more. It offers comprehensive material for both seminars and independent study for readers with a basic knowledge of calculus and linear algebra. The first nine chapters followed by the appendix on the Stieltjes integral are recommended for graduate students studying probability and statistics, while the first eight chapters followed by the appendix on dynamical systems will be of use to students of biology and environmental scie...

  1. Cohesion in real materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Theoretically calculated values of cohesion force density are compared with their values in real materials. Cohesion at the interface of twin inclusions in niobium at 4.2 K, slip bands in niobium at 77 K, slip bands in niobium oxidized and predeformed at 295 K after cooling down to 77 K, in slip bands of different hardened and tempered steels, at the boundaries of Al99.999 grains - in the process of torsional vibrations at 523 K, have been determined. To calculate cohesion force density and dry friction coefficient a two-member formula of dry friction is used. In all the cases cohesion force density of real materials was below its values calculated theoretically. Excess of yield limit and strengthening curve under compression over yield limit and strengthening curve under tension is explaind as a result of summation and subtraction of external stresses and cohesion forces

  2. Real Islamic Logic

    OpenAIRE

    Bergstra, J. A.

    2011-01-01

    Four options for assigning a meaning to Islamic Logic are surveyed including a new proposal for an option named "Real Islamic Logic" (RIL). That approach to Islamic Logic should serve modern Islamic objectives in a way comparable to the functionality of Islamic Finance. The prospective role of RIL is analyzed from several perspectives: (i) parallel distributed systems design, (ii) reception by a community structured audience, (iii) informal logic and applied non-classical logics, and (iv) (in...

  3. Real Islamic Logic

    CERN Document Server

    Bergstra, Jan Aldert

    2011-01-01

    Four options for assigning a meaning to Islamic Logic are surveyed including a new proposal for an option named "Real Islamic Logic" (RIL). That approach to Islamic Logic should serve modern Islamic objectives in a way comparable to the functionality of Islamic Finance. The prospective role of RIL is analyzed from several perspectives: (i) parallel distributed systems design, (ii) reception by a community structured audience, (iii) informal logic and applied non-classical logics, and (iv) (in)tractability and artificial intelligence.

  4. Real Time Processing

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva; ANDERSON, Dustin James; DOGLIONI, Caterina

    2015-01-01

    The LHC provides experiments with an unprecedented amount of data. Experimental collaborations need to meet storage and computing requirements for the analysis of this data: this is often a limiting factor in the physics program that would be achievable if the whole dataset could be analysed. In this talk, I will describe the strategies adopted by the LHCb, CMS and ATLAS collaborations to overcome these limitations and make the most of LHC data: data parking, data scouting, and real-time analysis.

  5. Real business cycle realizations

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, Gregor W.; Stanley E. Zin

    1997-01-01

    Much recent business cycle research focuses on moments of macroeconomic aggregates. We construct examples of real business cycle sample paths for output, consumption, and employment for the U.S. economy. Annual sample paths are generated from an initial condition in 1925, measured technology and government spending shocks since then, and a standard, calibrated, one-sector model of the business cycle. Quarterly sample paths are generated similarly, from an initial condition in 1955. The law of...

  6. Real Time Strategy Language

    OpenAIRE

    Hayes, Roy; Beling, Peter; Scherer, William

    2014-01-01

    Real Time Strategy (RTS) games provide complex domain to test the latest artificial intelligence (AI) research. In much of the literature, AI systems have been limited to playing one game. Although, this specialization has resulted in stronger AI gaming systems it does not address the key concerns of AI researcher. AI researchers seek the development of AI agents that can autonomously interpret learn, and apply new knowledge. To achieve human level performance, current AI systems rely on game...

  7. Resuscitating Real Business Cycles

    OpenAIRE

    Robert G. King; Sergio T. Rebelo

    2000-01-01

    The Real Business Cycle (RBC) research program has grown spectacularly over the last decade, as its concepts and methods have diffused into mainstream macroeconomics. Yet, there is increasing skepticism that technology shocks are a major source of business fluctuations. This chapter exposits the basic RBC model and shows that it requires large technology shocks to produce realistic business cycles. While Solow residuals are sufficiently volatile, these imply frequent technological regress. Pr...

  8. Several real variables

    CERN Document Server

    Kantorovitz, Shmuel

    2016-01-01

    This undergraduate textbook is based on lectures given by the author on the differential and integral calculus of functions of several real variables. The book has a modern approach and includes topics such as: •The p-norms on vector space and their equivalence •The Weierstrass and Stone-Weierstrass approximation theorems •The differential as a linear functional; Jacobians, Hessians, and Taylor's theorem in several variables •The Implicit Function Theorem for a system of equations, proved via Banach’s Fixed Point Theorem •Applications to Ordinary Differential Equations •Line integrals and an introduction to surface integrals This book features numerous examples, detailed proofs, as well as exercises at the end of sections. Many of the exercises have detailed solutions, making the book suitable for self-study. Several Real Variables will be useful for undergraduate students in mathematics who have completed first courses in linear algebra and analysis of one real variable.

  9. Real-Time PCR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evrard, A.; Boulle, N.; Lutfalla, G. S.

    Over the past few years there has been a considerable development of DNA amplification by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and real-time PCR has now superseded conventional PCR techniques in many areas, e.g., the quantification of nucleic acids and genotyping. This new approach is based on the detection and quantification of a fluorescent signal proportional to the amount of amplicons generated by PCR. Real-time detection is achieved by coupling a thermocycler with a fluorimeter. This chapter discusses the general principles of quantitative real-time PCR, the different steps involved in implementing the technique, and some examples of applications in medicine. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) provides a way of obtaining a large number of copies of a double-stranded DNA fragment of known sequence. This DNA amplification technique, developed in 1985 by K. Mullis (Cetus Corporation), saw a spectacular development over the space of a few years, revolutionising the methods used up to then in molecular biology. Indeed, PCR has many applications, such as the detection of small amounts of DNA, cloning, and quantitative analysis (assaying), each of which will be discussed further below.

  10. The real butterfly effect

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Historical evidence is reviewed to show that what Ed Lorenz meant by the iconic phrase ‘the butterfly effect’ is not at all captured by the notion of sensitive dependence on initial conditions in low-order chaos. Rather, as presented in his 1969 Tellus paper, Lorenz intended the phrase to describe the existence of an absolute finite-time predicability barrier in certain multi-scale fluid systems, implying a breakdown of continuous dependence on initial conditions for large enough forecast lead times. To distinguish from ‘mere’ sensitive dependence, the effect discussed in Lorenz's Tellus paper is referred to as ‘the real butterfly effect’. Theoretical evidence for such a predictability barrier in a fluid described by the three-dimensional Navier–Stokes equations is discussed. Whilst it is still an open question whether the Navier–Stokes equation has this property, evidence from both idealized atmospheric simulators and analysis of operational weather forecasts suggests that the real butterfly effect exists in an asymptotic sense, i.e. for initial-time atmospheric perturbations that are small in scale and amplitude compared with (weather) scales of interest, but still large in scale and amplitude compared with variability in the viscous subrange. Despite this, the real butterfly effect is an intermittent phenomenon in the atmosphere, and its presence can be signalled a priori, and hence mitigated, by ensemble forecast methods. (invited article)

  11. Real Parabolic Vector Bundles over a Real Curve

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Sanjay Amrutiya

    2014-02-01

    We define real parabolic structures on real vector bundles over a real curve. Let $(X, _X)$ be a real curve, and let $S\\subset X$ be a non-empty finite subset of such that $_X(S) = S$. Let ≥ 2 be an integer. We construct an -fold cyclic cover : $Y→ X$ in the category of real curves, ramified precisely over each point of , and with the property that for any element of the Galois group , and any $y\\in Y$, one has $_Y(gy) = g^{-1}_Y(y)$. We established an equivalence between the category of real parabolic vector bundles on $(X,_X)$ with real parabolic structure over , all of whose weights are integral multiples of 1/, and the category of real -equivariant vector bundles on $(Y, _Y)$.

  12. Ovation Prime Real-Time

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Ovation Prime Real-Time (OPRT) product is a real-time forecast and nowcast model of auroral power and is an operational implementation of the work by Newell et...

  13. Real- Time Simulation Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Srinivas

    1987-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with development of the real-time simulation systems. Two systems, one for supporting the research and development programmes of the aircraft industry and the other to provide pilot training of modem aircraft are described. The presentation brings out the effectiveness of such systems in their respective roles and the techniques developed in the design and realisation of hardware and software.This also gives a overview of various activities which have culminated in the establishment of research simulation facility and training simulators. Also plans of actions and techniques proposed to be employed in terms of future programmes are discussed.

  14. Real analysis and foundations

    CERN Document Server

    Krantz, Steven G

    2013-01-01

    Praise for the Second Edition:""The book is recommended as a source for middle-level mathematical courses. It can be used not only in mathematical departments, but also by physicists, engineers, economists, and other experts in applied sciences who want to understand the main ideas of analysis in order to use them to study mathematical models of different type processes.""-Zentralblatt MATH ""The book contains many well-chosen examples and each of the fifteen chapters is followed by almost 500 exercises. … Illustrative pictures are instructive and the design of the book makes reading it a real

  15. Cinema into the Real.

    OpenAIRE

    Eastwood, S. J.

    2007-01-01

    Cinema into the Real is the practice of creating an affect based encounter between film and the lived world where their thresholds shift. It is an inquiry into the possibility for navigating what Gilles Deleuze calls the 'not-yet-thoughf brought into existence by an irrational form of cinema comprised of crystalline time-images. How does the schema of normative cinema fiction and documentary stand in for the lived world, and how might the statements, maps and spaces of this cinema be made flu...

  16. Modelling Real Property Transactions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stubkjær, Erik

    2002-01-01

    Steudler et al. report on the performance of cadastral systems internationally in Benchmarking Cadastral Systems (1997). The authors met serious difficulties comparing data from different countries, suggesting that more progress had to be made in the definition of concepts and terminology. This...... for more elaborated concept sets - for a theoretical basis - was among the motives for proposing a concerted research project: Modelling Real Property Transactions. Researchers from 11 European countries co-operate in the project that gained status as a COST action as of March 1st 2001. The majority...

  17. Real interest parity decomposition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex Luiz Ferreira

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to investigate the general causes of real interest rate differentials (rids for a sample of emerging markets for the period of January 1996 to August 2007. To this end, two methods are applied. The first consists of breaking the variance of rids down into relative purchasing power pariety and uncovered interest rate parity and shows that inflation differentials are the main source of rids variation; while the second method breaks down the rids and nominal interest rate differentials (nids into nominal and real shocks. Bivariate autoregressive models are estimated under particular identification conditions, having been adequately treated for the identified structural breaks. Impulse response functions and error variance decomposition result in real shocks as being the likely cause of rids.O objetivo deste artigo é investigar as causas gerais dos diferenciais da taxa de juros real (rids para um conjunto de países emergentes, para o período de janeiro de 1996 a agosto de 2007. Para tanto, duas metodologias são aplicadas. A primeira consiste em decompor a variância dos rids entre a paridade do poder de compra relativa e a paridade de juros a descoberto e mostra que os diferenciais de inflação são a fonte predominante da variabilidade dos rids; a segunda decompõe os rids e os diferenciais de juros nominais (nids em choques nominais e reais. Sob certas condições de identificação, modelos autorregressivos bivariados são estimados com tratamento adequado para as quebras estruturais identificadas e as funções de resposta ao impulso e a decomposição da variância dos erros de previsão são obtidas, resultando em evidências favoráveis a que os choques reais são a causa mais provável dos rids.

  18. Sistemas en tiempo real

    OpenAIRE

    Ramón, Hugo Dionisio; Romero, Fernando

    2002-01-01

    El objetivo de esta línea de investigación es el estudio y desarrollo de aplicaciones que poseen restricciones temporales. Resulta de interés el estudio de diferentes metodologías para la especificación y desarrollo de aplicaciones en tiempo real, así como las plataformas donde dichas aplicaciones pueden ejecutarse. Se trabaja experimentalmente con distintos tipos de hardware y software entre los que pueden mencionarse placas A/D, mini-robots, máquinas multimicroprocesadores y diferentes s...

  19. Construction of the real numbers

    OpenAIRE

    Grešak, Rozalija

    2013-01-01

    In this thesis, there are described two standard constructions of the real numbers, these are the construction of real numbers via Dedekind cuts and the construction with metric fill of the rational numbers. Rational numbers are already a linearly ordered commutative field, so we first list the axioms of a linearly ordered commutative field. Then we take a look to the Dedekind's axiom, which only applies to real numbers and distinguishes between real and rational numbers. In thesis, there are...

  20. Countability of the Real Numbers

    OpenAIRE

    Vlahovic, Slavica; Vlahovic, Branislav

    2004-01-01

    The proofs that the real numbers are denumerable will be shown, i.e., that there exists one-to-one correspondence between the natural numbers $N$ and the real numbers $\\Re$. The general element of the sequence that contains all real numbers will be explicitly specified, and the first few elements of the sequence will be written. Remarks on the Cantor's nondenumerability proofs of 1873 and 1891 that the real numbers are noncountable will be given.

  1. Designing Real Time Assistive Technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sonne, Tobias; Obel, Carsten; Grønbæk, Kaj

    2015-01-01

    design criteria in relation to three core components (sensing, recognizing, and assisting) for designing real time assistive technologies for children with ADHD. Based on these design criteria, we designed the Child Activity Sensing and Training Tool (CASTT), a real time assistive prototype that captures......) real time assistive technologies have potential to assist children with ADHD in regaining attention in critical school situations....

  2. Einstein's Real "biggest Blunder"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Homer G.

    2012-10-01

    Albert Einstein's real "biggest blunder" was not the 1917 introduction into his gravitational field equations of a cosmological constant term Λ, rather was his failure in 1916 to distinguish between the entirely different concepts of active gravitational mass and passive gravitational mass. Had he made the distinction, and followed David Hilbert's lead in deriving field equations from a variational principle, he might have discovered a true (not a cut and paste) Einstein-Rosen bridge and a cosmological model that would have allowed him to predict, long before such phenomena were imagined by others, inflation, a big bounce (not a big bang), an accelerating expansion of the universe, dark matter, and the existence of cosmic voids, walls, filaments and nodes.

  3. Real time production optimization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saputelli, Luigi; Otavio, Joao; Araujo, Turiassu; Escorcia, Alvaro [Halliburton, Houston, TX (United States). Landmark Division

    2004-07-01

    Production optimization encompasses various activities of measuring, analyzing, modeling, prioritizing and implementing actions to enhance productivity of a field. We present a state-of-the-art framework for optimizing production on a continuous basis as new sensor data is acquired in real time. Permanently acquired data is modeled and analyzed in order to create predictive models. A model based control strategy is used to regulate well and field instrumentation. The optimum field operating point, which changes with time, satisfies the maximum economic return. This work is a starting point for further development in automatic, intelligent reservoir technologies which get the most out of the abilities of permanent, instrumented wells and remotely activated downhole completions. The strategy, tested with history-matched data from a compartmentalised giant field, proved to reduce operating costs while increasing oil recovery by 27% in this field. (author)

  4. Real-world outcomes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Askehave, Inger; Holmgreen, Lise-Lotte

    2012-01-01

    analyses during one specific meeting. An important element of the latter is to assess whether the discussion of our results gives rise to respondents’ reflection, resistance, acceptance, rejection, or indifference, and whether this leads to changes in respondents’ views on culture and organizational...... of research findings may take place to ensure the creation of real-world outcomes for practitioners. The discussion will be centered around the interview study of the discursive constructions of culture in a Danish cross-border company and the possible implications of this for organizational collaboration...... collaboration. This way, we hope to demonstrate that the practical applicability of our findings becomes one of shedding light on potential problems and providing advice (which may be considered an important aim of discourse-based research) instead of making specific recommendations on issues of practice beyond...

  5. The Real truth

    CERN Document Server

    Baratella, Stefano

    2012-01-01

    We study a real valued propositional logic with unbounded positive and negative truth values that we call R-valued logic. Such logic slightly extends continuous propositional logic which, in turn, builds on Lukasiewicz many-valued logic. After presenting the deduction machinery and the semantics of R-valued logic, we prove a completeness theorem for finite theories. Then we define unital and Archimedean theories, in accordance with the theory of Riesz spaces. In the unital setting, we prove the equivalence of consistency and satisfiability and an approximated completeness theorem similar to the one that holds for continuous propositional logic. Eventually, among unital theories, we characterize Archimedean theories as those for which strong completeness holds. We also point out that R-valued logic provides alternative calculi for Lukasiewicz and for propositional continuous logic.

  6. REAL CONVERGENCE AND INTEGRATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurel Iancu

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The study is based on the critical observations that competitive market forces alone are not able to assure convergence with the developed countries. These observations are grounded on the results of the computation of the marginal rate of return to capital (which contradict the neoclassical model hypotheses, as well as on the real process of polarisation of the economic activities, taking place worldwide and in accordance with the law of competition. Unlike those who trust the perfect competitive market virtues, the EU’s economic policy is realistic as it is based on the harmonisation of the market forces with an economic policy based on the principle of cohesion, which supports, by means of economic levers, the less developed regions and member countries. This paper deals with the evolution of the EU cohesion funds, as well as with the results of convergence.

  7. Real convergence and integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurel IANCU

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available The study is based on the critical observations that competitive market forces alone are not able to assure convergence with the developed countries. These observations are grounded on the results of the computation of the marginal rate of return to capital (which contradict the neoclassical model hypotheses, as well as on the real process of polarisation of the economic activities, taking place worldwide and in accordance with the law of competition. Unlike those who trust the perfect competitive market virtues, the EU’s economic policy is realistic as it is based on the harmonisation of the market forces with an economic policy based on the principle of cohesion, which supports, by means of economic levers, the less developed regions and member countries. This paper deals with the evolution of the EU cohesion funds, as well as with the results of convergence.

  8. Real-world outcomes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holmgreen, Lise-Lotte

    When working with discourse-based research in professional settings, one question invariably arises: How do we, as researchers, ensure that our findings are taken up by the professionals with whom analyses are carried out, leading to reflections on or even change in their social practices? The...... how the dissemination of research findings may take place to ensure the creation of real-world outcomes for practitioners (cf. e.g. Nørreklit et al. 1987; Puchta & Potter 2004). The presentation will be centered around the interview study of the discursive constructions of culture in a Danish cross......-border software company and the possible implications of these constructions for organizational collaboration. Special attention will be paid to the reflexive processes which took place as we, the researchers, discussed the findings of our analyses with a group of managers, the practitioners, during one specific...

  9. Real Assets and Inflation: Which Real Assets Hedge Inflation

    OpenAIRE

    Parajuli, Rajan; Chang, Sun Joseph

    2015-01-01

    Inflation is considered as a leading macroeconomic indicator, which might create substantial distortions in financial statements, future earnings, and overall performance of securities in the financial market. An inflation-hedging ability of an asset offers protection against inflation, which eliminates or at least reduces the uncertainty about the future real returns. Real assets like real estate, timberland, and farmland have been regarded as good inflation hedges, whereas financial assets ...

  10. UML for real design of embedded real-time systems

    CERN Document Server

    Martin, Grant; Selic, Bran

    2003-01-01

    Models, Software Models and UML.- UML for Real-Time.- Structural Modeling with UML 2.0.- Message Sequence Charts.- UML and Platform-based Design.- UML for Hardware and Software Object Modeling.- Fine Grained Patterns for Real-Time Systems.- Architectural Patterns for Real-Time Systems.- Modeling Quality of Service with UML.- Modeling Metric Time.- Performance Analysis with UML.- Schedulability Analysis with UML.- Automotive UML.- Specifying Telecommunications Systems with UML.- Leveraging UML to Deliver Correct Telecom Applications.- Software Performance Engineering.

  11. Real estate market factors and foreign real estate investment

    OpenAIRE

    Hassan Gholipour Fereidouni; Tajul Ariffin Masron

    2013-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of real estate market factors on foreign real estate investment (FREI). Design/methodology/approach – Applying panel data technique, this paper uses related observations from 31 countries (inclusive of developed countries and emerging market economies) between 2000 and 2008 to investigate the relationships between real estate market factors and FREI. Findings – Controlling for market size, infrastructure and political stability, th...

  12. Estudio de riesgo vascular en Navarra: objetivos y diseño. Prevalencia del síndrome metabólico y de los factores mayores de riesgo vascular Study of vascular risk in Navarre: objectives and design. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and of vascular risk factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.J. Viñes

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: Determinar en una muestra poblacional la prevalencia de los factores de riesgo y del síndrome metabólico, su asociación con las lesiones arterioscleróticas subclínicas y su impacto sobre la enfermedad cardiovascular y cerebrovascular a los 10 años. Material y métodos: (Fase I Estudio transversal en una muestra aleatoria estratificada por edad y sexo de la población de Navarra entre 35 y 84 años, por encuesta sobre antecedentes vasculares, factores de riesgo, exploración física y analítica. (Fase II Estudio de cohortes de 10 años de seguimiento, en 500 expuestos y 500 no expuestos al SM, entre 45 y 74 años seleccionados para una razón de riesgo de 2, y una potencia del 82,25%, con exploración de marcadores de arteriosclerosis subclínica por imagen y analíticos. (Fase III Seguimiento de eventos de enfermedad vascular a los 10 años de la muestra poblacional y de la cohorte prospectiva. Resultados: (Fase 1 Los sujetos requeridos fueron 6.553; excluidos y no localizados 871; la muestra efectiva 5.682 (2.644 hombres y 3.038 mujeres y completaron el estudio 4.168 sujetos, (73,4%. La prevalencia del síndrome metabólico entre 35 y 84 años fue de 22,1 por 100 (IC95% 20,5-23,7 en hombres y de 17,2% (IC95% 15,8-18,5 en mujeres. Los factores mayores de riesgo vascular presentan prevalencias altas esperadas respecto a otras áreas geográficas excepto la del HDL colesterol bajo que lo fue de 8,5 por 100 (IC95% 7,4-9,6 en hombres y de 1,7% (IC95% 1,3-2,2. Conclusiones: Existen diferencias importantes de riesgo entre sexos en detrimento de los hombres. Las altas cifras promedio de HDL colesterol y la baja prevalencia de síndrome metabólico pueden justificar el menor riesgo de eventos vasculares en Navarra.Background. To determine in a representative sample of the population the prevalence of risk factors and metabolic syndrome; their association with sub-clinical atherosclerotic lesions and their impact on

  13. Real Picard-Vessiot theory

    OpenAIRE

    Crespo, Teresa; Hajto, Zbigniew; Sowa, Elzbieta

    2012-01-01

    The existence of a Picard-Vessiot extension for a homogeneous linear differential equation has been established when the differential field over which the equation is defined has an algebraically closed field of constants. In this paper, we prove the existence of a real Picard-Vessiot extension for a homogeneous linear differential equation defined over a real differential field K with real closed field of constants. We give an adequate definition of the differential Galois group of a Picard-...

  14. BALTIC REAL ESTATE MARKET DYNAMICS

    OpenAIRE

    L. Kvedaraviciene

    2010-01-01

    Real estate market is usually being analysed in terms of supply and demand factors definition and estimation in a certain geographical area at a certain period of time. Moreover, local real estate markets are often being compared with markets of other countries, usually similar in size. Market activity, price dynamics, market maturity are traditionally key factors for real estate market research. The importance and significance of the latter ñ market maturity - suggests to discuss the followi...

  15. Three essays in real options

    OpenAIRE

    Baranouskaya, Vera; Barone Adesi, Giovanni

    2010-01-01

    Real options refer to the investment, entry, exit and other strategic decisions of the firm that share three important characteristics: they are irreversible, they are made under uncertainty, and their timing is chosen by the firm. The term `real options' was introduced in 1977 by Stewart Myers in his paper `Determinants of corporate borrowing' that related risky debt holdings to the future investment policy of the firm. The literature on real options has since been active and growing with...

  16. Real analysis with economic applications

    CERN Document Server

    Ok, Efe A

    2011-01-01

    There are many mathematics textbooks on real analysis, but they focus on topics not readily helpful for studying economic theory or they are inaccessible to most graduate students of economics. Real Analysis with Economic Applications aims to fill this gap by providing an ideal textbook and reference on real analysis tailored specifically to the concerns of such students. The emphasis throughout is on topics directly relevant to economic theory. In addition to addressing the usual topics of real analysis, this book discusses the elements of order theory, convex analysis, optimizatio

  17. An introduction to real analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Ball, Derek G

    1973-01-01

    An Introduction to Real Analysis presents the concepts of real analysis and highlights the problems which necessitate the introduction of these concepts. Topics range from sets, relations, and functions to numbers, sequences, series, derivatives, and the Riemann integral. This volume begins with an introduction to some of the problems which are met in the use of numbers for measuring, and which provide motivation for the creation of real analysis. Attention then turns to real numbers that are built up from natural numbers, with emphasis on integers, rationals, and irrationals. The chapters tha

  18. The real new economy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, Diana

    2003-10-01

    During the soar-and-swoon days of the late 1990s, many people believed that information technology, and the Internet in particular, were "changing everything" in business. A fundamental change did happen in the 1990s, but it was less about technology than about competition. Under director Diana Farrell, the McKinsey Global Institute has conducted an extensive study of productivity and its connection to corporate IT spending and use during that period. The study revealed that information technology is important--but not central--to the fate of industries and individual companies. So if information technology was not the primary factor in the productivity surge, what was? The study points to competition and innovation. In those industries that saw increases in competitive intensity, managers were forced to innovate aggressively to protect their revenues and profits. Those innovations--in products, business practices, and technology--led to the gains in productivity. In fact, a critical dynamic of the new economy--the real new economy--is the virtuous cycle of competition, innovation, and productivity growth. Managers can innovate in many ways, but during the 1990s, information technology was a particularly powerful tool, for three reasons: First, IT enabled the development of attractive new products and efficient new business processes. Second, it facilitated the rapid industrywide diffusion of innovations. And third, it exhibited strong scale economies--its benefits multiplied rapidly as its use expanded. This article reveals surprising data on how various industries in the United States and Europe were affected by competition, innovation, and information technology in the 1990s and offers insights about how managers can get more from their IT investments. PMID:14521102

  19. Real Effort, Real Leisure and Real-time Supervision: Incentives and Peer Pressure in Virtual Organizations.

    OpenAIRE

    Brice Corgnet; Roberto Hernán-González; Stephen Rassenti

    2011-01-01

    We propose a novel approach to the analysis of organizations by developing a computerized platform that reproduces relevant features of existing organizations such as real-effort tasks and real-leisure alternative activities (Internet). In this environment, we find strong incentives effects as organizations using individual incentives significantly outperform those relying on team incentives. Combining real-time peer monitoring with team incentives, we report striking evidence of positive pee...

  20. Real-time volume graphics

    CERN Document Server

    Engel, Klaus; Kniss, Joe; Rezk-Salama, Christof; Weiskopf, Daniel

    2006-01-01

    Based on course notes of SIGGRAPH course teaching techniques for real-time rendering of volumetric data and effects; covers both applications in scientific visualization and real-time rendering. Starts with the basics (texture-based ray casting) and then improves and expands the algorithms incrementally. Book includes source code, algorithms, diagrams, and rendered graphics.

  1. Doing Real Estate Business Overseas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ When we saw the amount of foreign capital currently being invested in China's real estate market,we realized that much like its foreign counterparts,China has been very active overseas as well.With encouragement from the"walking out"strategy,more and more Vhinese investors have begun to focus on overseas real estate developments.

  2. Real Orientations, Real Gromov-Witten Theory, and Real Enumerative Geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Georgieva, Penka

    2015-01-01

    The present note overviews our recent construction of real Gromov-Witten theory in arbitrary genera for many real symplectic manifolds, including the odd-dimensional projective spaces and the renowned quintic threefold, its properties, and its connections with real enumerative geometry. Our construction introduces the principle of orienting the determinant of a differential operator relative to a suitable base operator and a real setting analogue of the (relative) spin structure of open Gromov-Witten theory. Orienting the relative determinant, which in the now-standard cases is canonically equivalent to orienting the usual determinant, is naturally related to the topology of vector bundles in the relevant category. This principle and its applications allow us to endow the uncompactified moduli spaces of real maps from symmetric surfaces of all topological types with natural orientations and to verify that they extend across the codimension-one boundaries of these spaces, thus implementing a far-reaching propo...

  3. An Industry Profile of Corporate Real Estate

    OpenAIRE

    Linda L. Johnson; Terry Keasler; Stellan Lundstrom

    1993-01-01

    Corporate real estate is increasingly becoming an area of emphasis for real estate professionals and academics, particularly in asset management. Using balance sheet data on real estate corporate holdings, total assets, and firm marketing values from 1984-1991, this article provides an analysis of real estate holdings both by industry sector and asset subtype. Industry rank order by gross value of total real estate holdings and asset subtype, real estate as a percent of assets, and real estat...

  4. Analysing UK real estate market forecast disagreement

    OpenAIRE

    McAllister, Patrick (Hrsg.); Newell, G.; Matysiak, George

    2005-01-01

    Given the significance of forecasting in real estate investment decisions, this paper investigates forecast uncertainty and disagreement in real estate market forecasts. Using the Investment Property Forum (IPF) quarterly survey amongst UK independent real estate forecasters, these real estate forecasts are compared with actual real estate performance to assess a number of real estate forecasting issues in the UK over 1999-2004, including real estate forecast error, bias and consensus. The r...

  5. Real Estate Development, Highest and Best Use and Real Options

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Bravi

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The primary aim of this work is to connect the Real Options Theory (ROT with the real estate investment framework. A great deal of theoretical work exist today; it begun with Merton (1973 and Black & Sholes (1973 and provided new insights into capital budgeting decision-making and new models, used today by corporate managers and practitioners too. Unfortunately, the ROT is not widely used by appraisers respect to the traditional DCF model, even though the developers behaviour gives evidence to the model. It is important to remember that the real estate investments are characterized by irreversible decision and by various sources of risk and uncertainty about future returns, especially when the development process is very long. The flexibility in the real estate investment is related to the alternative uses embedded in the land – traditionally interpreted through the Highest and Best Use approach – and to the characteristics of the building. In fact, the value of vacant land should reflect not only the value based on best immediate use, but also its option value, if the development is delayed and the land is converted into best alternative use in the future. This is also true for the redeveloped urban lands. In brief, this work shows the limits of the traditional analysis (Discounted Cash Flow Model to capture flexibility in the real estate investment and presents an application – an industrial urban area – implemented by the real option approach within a backward risk-neutral valuation process.

  6. Quantifying randomness in real networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orsini, Chiara; Dankulov, Marija M.; Colomer-de-Simón, Pol; Jamakovic, Almerima; Mahadevan, Priya; Vahdat, Amin; Bassler, Kevin E.; Toroczkai, Zoltán; Boguñá, Marián; Caldarelli, Guido; Fortunato, Santo; Krioukov, Dmitri

    2015-10-01

    Represented as graphs, real networks are intricate combinations of order and disorder. Fixing some of the structural properties of network models to their values observed in real networks, many other properties appear as statistical consequences of these fixed observables, plus randomness in other respects. Here we employ the dk-series, a complete set of basic characteristics of the network structure, to study the statistical dependencies between different network properties. We consider six real networks--the Internet, US airport network, human protein interactions, technosocial web of trust, English word network, and an fMRI map of the human brain--and find that many important local and global structural properties of these networks are closely reproduced by dk-random graphs whose degree distributions, degree correlations and clustering are as in the corresponding real network. We discuss important conceptual, methodological, and practical implications of this evaluation of network randomness, and release software to generate dk-random graphs.

  7. Strange functions in real analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Kharazishvili, AB

    2005-01-01

    Weierstrass and Blancmange nowhere differentiable functions, Lebesgue integrable functions with everywhere divergent Fourier series, and various nonintegrable Lebesgue measurable functions. While dubbed strange or "pathological," these functions are ubiquitous throughout mathematics and play an important role in analysis, not only as counterexamples of seemingly true and natural statements, but also to stimulate and inspire the further development of real analysis.Strange Functions in Real Analysis explores a number of important examples and constructions of pathological functions. After introducing the basic concepts, the author begins with Cantor and Peano-type functions, then moves to functions whose constructions require essentially noneffective methods. These include functions without the Baire property, functions associated with a Hamel basis of the real line, and Sierpinski-Zygmund functions that are discontinuous on each subset of the real line having the cardinality continuum. Finally, he considers e...

  8. From real to complex analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Dyer, R H

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this book is to provide an integrated course in real and complex analysis for those who have already taken a preliminary course in real analysis. It particularly emphasises the interplay between analysis and topology. Beginning with the theory of the Riemann integral (and its improper extension) on the real line, the fundamentals of metric spaces are then developed, with special attention being paid to connectedness, simple connectedness and various forms of homotopy. The final chapter develops the theory of complex analysis, in which emphasis is placed on the argument, the winding number, and a general (homology) version of Cauchy's theorem which is proved using the approach due to Dixon. Special features are the inclusion of proofs of Montel's theorem, the Riemann mapping theorem and the Jordan curve theorem that arise naturally from the earlier development. Extensive exercises are included in each of the chapters, detailed solutions of the majority of which are given at the end. From Real to...

  9. Patent Valuation and Real Options

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deger Alper

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available As the knowledge economics grows rapidly, businesses increasingly invest intellectual property and the value of intellectual property; patent, trademark, copyright etc., more emphasized in business nowadays. Thus, the valuation of intellectual property, specifically patents, has been one of the most difficult investment problems both for practitioners and academics. Traditional valuation methods fail to account for the unique characteristics of patents; uncertainty and management flexibility. Patents are option-like assets that give the owner a bundle of options; to commercialize the products, to file foreign application, to license the innovation etc. Real options represent the application of options methodology to strategic business decisions, and real option method provides a richer framework to analyse the issues that confront the valuation of patent. This paper uses real option model as a framework to correctly evaluate patent and contains real option model application to patent valuation.

  10. Adjusted Period for Real Estate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ The Chinese real estate market has seen sustained prosperity for the last 10 years, but the climbing price of housing has made everyone begin to question whether this industry is overheated or if there is a bubble ready to burst.

  11. SATDA Real Estate Division Launches

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rob Emerick

    2008-01-01

    <正>Hello Readers, I am happy to announce the new real estate section for this magazine,called"America is For Sale".This section will focus on current and important issues regarding the real estate industry within the United States of America.There has been a great deal of interest in the American real estate market from Chinese investors lately.The weak US dollar and strong Chinese renminbi alone make the US market attractive to Chinese investors.Now,with the US in the bottom of a real estate cycle,property is amazingly inexpensive.Many foreign investors are buying as much as they can because the investors understand this is the best time to buy:at the bottom of a cycle.

  12. Real Estate 20:20

    OpenAIRE

    Ratcliffe, John

    1997-01-01

    This paper seeks to establish a framework for studying real estate futures. In doing so, it explores the general climate of change within which property decisions will have to be made, and examines the specific real estate opportunities that might emerge as a result of that change. For the purpose of appraisal, the forces of change are grouped into six sectors - cultural, demographic, economic, environmental, governmental and technological. Property perspectives are then portrayed for each of...

  13. Periods and elementary real numbers

    OpenAIRE

    Yoshinaga, Masahiko

    2008-01-01

    The periods, introduced by Kontsevich and Zagier, form a class of complex numbers which contains all algebraic numbers and several transcendental quantities. Little has been known about qualitative properties of periods. In this paper, we compare the periods with hierarchy of real numbers induced from computational complexities. In particular we prove that periods can be effectively approximated by elementary rational Cauchy sequences. As an application, we exhibit a computable real number wh...

  14. 15 CFR 806.8 - Real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate. 806.8 Section 806.8... ECONOMIC ANALYSIS, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE DIRECT INVESTMENT SURVEYS § 806.8 Real estate. Residential real..., is considered real estate held for personal use. Ownership of residential real estate by...

  15. Real-time vision systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, R.; Hernandez, J.E.; Lu, Shin-yee [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1994-11-15

    Many industrial and defence applications require an ability to make instantaneous decisions based on sensor input of a time varying process. Such systems are referred to as `real-time systems` because they process and act on data as it occurs in time. When a vision sensor is used in a real-time system, the processing demands can be quite substantial, with typical data rates of 10-20 million samples per second. A real-time Machine Vision Laboratory (MVL) was established in FY94 to extend our years of experience in developing computer vision algorithms to include the development and implementation of real-time vision systems. The laboratory is equipped with a variety of hardware components, including Datacube image acquisition and processing boards, a Sun workstation, and several different types of CCD cameras, including monochrome and color area cameras and analog and digital line-scan cameras. The equipment is reconfigurable for prototyping different applications. This facility has been used to support several programs at LLNL, including O Division`s Peacemaker and Deadeye Projects as well as the CRADA with the U.S. Textile Industry, CAFE (Computer Aided Fabric Inspection). To date, we have successfully demonstrated several real-time applications: bullet tracking, stereo tracking and ranging, and web inspection. This work has been documented in the ongoing development of a real-time software library.

  16. Some properties of fuzzy real numbers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bayaz Daraby

    2016-02-01

    In this study, we try to prove  Bernoulli's inequality in fuzzy real numbers with some of its applications. Also, we prove two other theorems in fuzzy real numbers which are proved before, for real numbers.

  17. A real-world way to manage real options.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Copeland, Tom; Tufano, Peter

    2004-03-01

    Each corporate growth project is an option, in the sense that managers face choices--push ahead or pull back--along the way. Yet many companies hesitate to apply options theory to initiatives such as R&D and geographic expansion, partly because these "real" options are highly complex. In this article, the authors make the case that the complexity of real options can be eased through the use of a binomial valuation model. Many of the problems with real-options analysis stem from the use of the Black-Scholes-Merton model, which isn't suited to real options. Binomial models, by contrast, are simpler mathematically, and you can tinker with a binomial model until it closely reflects the project you wish to value. Suppose your company is considering investing in a new plant. To use the binomial model, you must create an "event tree" to figure out the full range of possible values for the plant during the project's lifetime--next year, at the end of the design phase, upon completion. Then you work backward from the value at completion, factoring in the various investments, to determine the value of the project today. These calculations provide you with numbers for all the possible future values of the option at the various points where a decision needs to be made on whether to continue with the project. The authors also address another criticism of real options: that gaps often arise between theoretical and realized values of options of all types. Such gaps may be largely the result of managers exercising options at the wrong time. To improve the way it manages its real options, a company can look out for the decision trigger points that correspond to the nodes on a binomial decision tree. The trigger points should not only tell managers when they need to decide on exercise but also specify rules governing the exercise decisions. PMID:15029793

  18. Corporate Real Estate and Stock Market Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Kim Hiang Liow

    2004-01-01

    An interesting question in corporate real estate literature is whether real estate can improve the stock market performance of "property-intensive" non-real estate firms. Using a data set comprising 75 non-real estate corporations that own at least 20 percent properties, this paper empirically assesses and compares the pair-wise return, total risk, systematic risk and Jensen abnormal return performance of "composite" (with real estate) and hypothetical "business" (without real estate) firms. ...

  19. Making real options really work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Putten, Alexander B; MacMillan, Ian C

    2004-12-01

    As a way to value growth opportunities, real options have had a difficult time catching on with managers. Many CFOs believe the method ensures the overvaluation of risky projects. This concern is legitimate, but abandoning real options as a valuation model isn't the solution. Companies that rely solely on discounted cash flow (DCF) analysis underestimate the value of their projects and may fail to invest enough in uncertain but highly promising opportunities. CFOs need not--and should not--choose one approach over the other. Far from being a replacement for DCF analysis, real options are an essential complement, and a project's total value should encompass both. DCF captures a base estimate of value; real options take into account the potential for big gains. This is not to say that there aren't problems with real options. As currently applied, they focus almost exclusively on the risks associated with revenues, ignoring the risks associated with a project's costs. It's also true that option valuations almost always ignore assets that an initial investment in a subsequently abandoned project will often leave the company. In this article, the authors present a simple formula for combining DCF and option valuations that addresses these two problems. Using an integrated approach, managers will, in the long run, select better projects than their more timid competitors while keeping risk under control. Thus, they will outperform their rivals in both the product and the capital markets. PMID:15605572

  20. HEVC real-time decoding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bross, Benjamin; Alvarez-Mesa, Mauricio; George, Valeri; Chi, Chi Ching; Mayer, Tobias; Juurlink, Ben; Schierl, Thomas

    2013-09-01

    The new High Efficiency Video Coding Standard (HEVC) was finalized in January 2013. Compared to its predecessor H.264 / MPEG4-AVC, this new international standard is able to reduce the bitrate by 50% for the same subjective video quality. This paper investigates decoder optimizations that are needed to achieve HEVC real-time software decoding on a mobile processor. It is shown that HEVC real-time decoding up to high definition video is feasible using instruction extensions of the processor while decoding 4K ultra high definition video in real-time requires additional parallel processing. For parallel processing, a picture-level parallel approach has been chosen because it is generic and does not require bitstreams with special indication.

  1. Complex analogues of real problems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Esdahl-Schou, Rune

    . Using geometrical interpretations we construct sets with properties similar to the sets considered in the real case. We then formulate a conjecture which can be interpreted as a complex version of Schmidt's original conjecture. Finally we construct a variant of Schmidt's game, to show a partial result......This thesis will be a mix of different problems in number theory. As such it is split into two natural parts. The rst part focuses on normal numbers and construction of numbers that are normal to a given complex base. It is written in the style of a thorough and introductory paper on that subject......, Pollington and Velani, and inspired by this An gave a different proof which provides a stronger result. The conjecture is concerned with intersections of certain sets in the plane and are as such a real problem. We will consider a slightly different setup where the real plane is replaced by the complex plane...

  2. Percolation in real interdependent networks

    CERN Document Server

    Radicchi, Filippo

    2015-01-01

    The function of a real network depends not only on the reliability of its own components, but is affected also by the simultaneous operation of other real networks coupled with it. Robustness of systems composed of interdependent network layers has been extensively studied in recent years. However, the theoretical frameworks developed so far apply only to special models in the limit of infinite sizes. These methods are therefore of little help in practical contexts, given that real interconnected networks have finite size and their structures are generally not compatible with those of graph toy models. Here, we introduce a theoretical method that takes as inputs the adjacency matrices of the layers to draw the entire phase diagram for the interconnected network, without the need of actually simulating any percolation process. We demonstrate that percolation transitions in arbitrary interdependent networks can be understood by decomposing these system into uncoupled graphs: the intersection among the layers, a...

  3. Establishment Reality vs. Maintenance Reality: How Real Is Real Enough?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindsay, E. D.; Murray, S.; Liu, D. K.; Lowe, D. B.; Bright, C. G.

    2009-01-01

    Remote and virtual laboratories are increasingly prevalent alternatives to the face-to-face laboratory experience; however, the question of their learning outcomes is yet to be fully investigated. There are many presumptions regarding the effectiveness of these approaches; foremost amongst these assumptions is that the experience must be "real" to…

  4. Real-World Solutions for Real-World Collaboration Problems

    OpenAIRE

    Macklin, Alexius Smith; Fosmire, Michael

    2003-01-01

    Are you finding collaboration with faculty difficult to initiate? How about a new approach? Problem-based learning (PBL) is an instruction method that investigates and resolves messy, real-world dilemmas. This workshop demonstrates how librarians at Purdue University worked with faculty to incorporate information literacy skills into course content using PBL.

  5. Elementary real and complex analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Shilov, Georgi E

    1996-01-01

    In this book the renowned Russian mathematician Georgi E. Shilov brings his unique perspective to real and complex analysis, an area of perennial interest in mathematics. Although there are many books available on the topic, the present work is specially designed for undergraduates in mathematics, science and engineering. A high level of mathematical sophistication is not required.The book begins with a systematic study of real numbers, understood to be a set of objects satisfying certain definite axioms. The concepts of a mathematical structure and an isomorphism are introduced in Chapter 2,

  6. Real Analysis A Historical Approach

    CERN Document Server

    Stahl, Saul

    2011-01-01

    A provocative look at the tools and history of real analysis This new edition of Real Analysis: A Historical Approach continues to serve as an interesting read for students of analysis. Combining historical coverage with a superb introductory treatment, this book helps readers easily make the transition from concrete to abstract ideas. The book begins with an exciting sampling of classic and famous problems first posed by some of the greatest mathematicians of all time. Archimedes, Fermat, Newton, and Euler are each summoned in turn, illuminating the utility of infinite, power, and trigonome

  7. MATRIX FORMULATION OF REAL QUATERNIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Jafari, Mehdi

    2015-01-01

    Real quaternions have been expressed in terms of 4×4 matrices by means of Hamilton operators. These matrices are applied for rotations in Euclidean 4-space, and are determined also a Hamilton motions in E4. We study these matrices and show that the set of these matrices with the group operation of matrix multiplication is Lie group of 6-dimension.

  8. Percolation in real interdependent networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radicchi, Filippo

    2015-07-01

    The function of a real network depends not only on the reliability of its own components, but is affected also by the simultaneous operation of other real networks coupled with it. Whereas theoretical methods of direct applicability to real isolated networks exist, the frameworks developed so far in percolation theory for interdependent network layers are of little help in practical contexts, as they are suited only for special models in the limit of infinite size. Here, we introduce a set of heuristic equations that takes as inputs the adjacency matrices of the layers to draw the entire phase diagram for the interconnected network. We demonstrate that percolation transitions in interdependent networks can be understood by decomposing these systems into uncoupled graphs: the intersection among the layers, and the remainders of the layers. When the intersection dominates the remainders, an interconnected network undergoes a smooth percolation transition. Conversely, if the intersection is dominated by the contribution of the remainders, the transition becomes abrupt even in small networks. We provide examples of real systems that have developed interdependent networks sharing cores of `high quality’ edges to prevent catastrophic failures.

  9. Lagoa Real design - Mineral engineering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents the works realized, in course and to realize of Lagoa Real Design, including the works for implantation of Mineral-Industrial complex with the production capacity of 1.000 ton of U sub(3) O sub(8) per year from 1988. (author)

  10. Foley Sounds vs Real Sounds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trento, Stefano; Götzen, Amalia De

    2011-01-01

    This paper is an initial attempt to study the world of sound effects for motion pictures, also known as Foley sounds. Throughout several audio and audio-video tests we have compared both Foley and real sounds originated by an identical action. The main purpose was to evaluate if sound effects are...... applications of sound design such as advertisement or soundtracks for movies....

  11. Alice in the Real World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Tom

    2012-01-01

    As a fifth-grade mathematics teacher, the author tries to create authentic problem-solving activities that connect to the world in which his students live. He discovered a natural connection to his students' real world at a computer camp. A friend introduced him to Alice, a computer application developed at Carnegie Mellon, under the leadership of…

  12. Lagoa Real complex - implementation program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The description of the activities from the Lagoa Real Complex is presented, including the development of a complementation process with available drill core samples and drilling an evaluation Cachoeira Deposit. Studies already developed indicate that Cachoeira Deposit has about 70 ton of U3O8 per meter of depth. (author)

  13. Shopping in the Real World

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Black, Darren; Clemmensen, Nils Jakob; Skov, Mikael B.

    2009-01-01

    Shopping in the real world is becoming an increasingly interactive experience as stores integrate various technologies to support shoppers. Based on an empirical study of supermarket shoppers, we designed a mobile context-aware system called the Context- Aware Shopping Trolley (CAST). The aim of ...

  14. Some properties of fuzzy real numbers

    OpenAIRE

    Bayaz Daraby; Javad Jafari

    2016-01-01

    In the mathematical analysis, there are some theorems and definitions that established for both real and fuzzy numbers. In this study, we try to prove  Bernoulli's inequality in fuzzy real numbers with some of its applications. Also, we prove two other theorems in fuzzy real numbers which are proved before, for real numbers.

  15. ISTTOK real-time architecture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carvalho, Ivo S., E-mail: ivoc@ipfn.ist.utl.pt; Duarte, Paulo; Fernandes, Horácio; Valcárcel, Daniel F.; Carvalho, Pedro J.; Silva, Carlos; Duarte, André S.; Neto, André; Sousa, Jorge; Batista, António J.N.; Hekkert, Tiago; Carvalho, Bernardo B.

    2014-03-15

    Highlights: • All real-time diagnostics and actuators were integrated in the same control platform. • A 100 μs control cycle was achieved under the MARTe framework. • Time-windows based control with several event-driven control strategies implemented. • AC discharges with exception handling on iron core flux saturation. • An HTML discharge configuration was developed for configuring the MARTe system. - Abstract: The ISTTOK tokamak was upgraded with a plasma control system based on the Advanced Telecommunications Computing Architecture (ATCA) standard. This control system was designed to improve the discharge stability and to extend the operational space to the alternate plasma current (AC) discharges as part of the ISTTOK scientific program. In order to accomplish these objectives all ISTTOK diagnostics and actuators relevant for real-time operation were integrated in the control system. The control system was programmed in C++ over the Multi-threaded Application Real-Time executor (MARTe) which provides, among other features, a real-time scheduler, an interrupt handler, an intercommunications interface between code blocks and a clearly bounded interface with the external devices. As a complement to the MARTe framework, the BaseLib2 library provides the foundations for the data, code introspection and also a Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) server service. Taking advantage of the modular nature of MARTe, the algorithms of each diagnostic data processing, discharge timing, context switch, control and actuators output reference generation, run on well-defined blocks of code named Generic Application Module (GAM). This approach allows reusability of the code, simplified simulation, replacement or editing without changing the remaining GAMs. The ISTTOK control system GAMs run sequentially each 100 μs cycle on an Intel{sup ®} Q8200 4-core processor running at 2.33 GHz located in the ATCA crate. Two boards (inside the ATCA crate) with 32 analog

  16. ISTTOK real-time architecture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • All real-time diagnostics and actuators were integrated in the same control platform. • A 100 μs control cycle was achieved under the MARTe framework. • Time-windows based control with several event-driven control strategies implemented. • AC discharges with exception handling on iron core flux saturation. • An HTML discharge configuration was developed for configuring the MARTe system. - Abstract: The ISTTOK tokamak was upgraded with a plasma control system based on the Advanced Telecommunications Computing Architecture (ATCA) standard. This control system was designed to improve the discharge stability and to extend the operational space to the alternate plasma current (AC) discharges as part of the ISTTOK scientific program. In order to accomplish these objectives all ISTTOK diagnostics and actuators relevant for real-time operation were integrated in the control system. The control system was programmed in C++ over the Multi-threaded Application Real-Time executor (MARTe) which provides, among other features, a real-time scheduler, an interrupt handler, an intercommunications interface between code blocks and a clearly bounded interface with the external devices. As a complement to the MARTe framework, the BaseLib2 library provides the foundations for the data, code introspection and also a Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) server service. Taking advantage of the modular nature of MARTe, the algorithms of each diagnostic data processing, discharge timing, context switch, control and actuators output reference generation, run on well-defined blocks of code named Generic Application Module (GAM). This approach allows reusability of the code, simplified simulation, replacement or editing without changing the remaining GAMs. The ISTTOK control system GAMs run sequentially each 100 μs cycle on an Intel® Q8200 4-core processor running at 2.33 GHz located in the ATCA crate. Two boards (inside the ATCA crate) with 32 analog

  17. Real convergence in the European Union

    OpenAIRE

    Veiga, Francisco José

    2000-01-01

    This essay deals with real convergence in the European Union (EU). Real convergence is here defined as convergence of GDP per capita in Purchasing Power Standard. I examine whether there is empirical evidence of real convergence among EU countries or regions and if the current effort towards nominal convergence has slowed real convergence. The main findings are that there has been some real convergence at the country level, mainly before the mid- 1970s, but not much evidence of...

  18. Real time psychrometric data collection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eight Mine Weather Stations (MWS) installed at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) to monitor the underground ventilation system are helping to simulate real-time ventilation scenarios. Seasonal weather extremes can result in variations of Natural Ventilation Pressure (NVP) which can significantly effect the ventilation system. The eight MWS(s) (which previously collected and stored temperature, barometric pressure and relative humidity data for subsequent NVP calculations) were upgraded to provide continuous real-time data to the site wide Central monitoring System. This data can now be utilized by the ventilation engineer to create realtime ventilation simulations and trends which assist in the prediction and mitigation of NVP and psychrometric related events

  19. Observability transition in real networks

    CERN Document Server

    Yang, Yang

    2016-01-01

    We consider the observability model in networks with arbitrary topologies. We introduce a system of coupled nonlinear equations, valid under the locally tree-like ansatz, to describe the size of the largest observable cluster as a function of the fraction of directly observable nodes present in the network. We perform a systematic analysis on 95 real-world graphs and compare our theoretical predictions with numerical simulations of the observability model. Our method provides almost perfect predictions in the majority of the cases, even for networks with very large values of the clustering coefficient. Potential applications of our theory include the development of efficient and scalable algorithms for real-time surveillance of social networks, and monitoring of technological networks.

  20. The Real Causes of Inflation

    OpenAIRE

    Ernest Hamsag

    2015-01-01

    Having defined what inflation is, this study proposes some hypothesizes to eliminate external and psychological factors; it also examines a closed economy. It shows that the deep cause of inflation is the out of balance relation between consumption expenditure and saving. If consumption expenditure increases more than saving, the result is an inflation of the real economy. If saving increase to the prejudice of consumption expenditure, the financial markets are undergoing inflation. The main ...

  1. Real Time Network Traffic Monitoring

    OpenAIRE

    Tripp, Gerald

    1999-01-01

    This paper looks at the problems of real time network traffic monitoring. Some of the existing approaches are reviewed, looking at both simple filtering systems and also systems based on the use of finite state machines that can report specific events or capture data only when in particular states. Finally, some existing implementation techniques are examined and an outline proposal made for the design of a network monitoring system that uses finite state machines implemented using associativ...

  2. [Real time 3D echocardiography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauer, F.; Shiota, T.; Thomas, J. D.

    2001-01-01

    Three-dimensional representation of the heart is an old concern. Usually, 3D reconstruction of the cardiac mass is made by successive acquisition of 2D sections, the spatial localisation and orientation of which require complex guiding systems. More recently, the concept of volumetric acquisition has been introduced. A matricial emitter-receiver probe complex with parallel data processing provides instantaneous of a pyramidal 64 degrees x 64 degrees volume. The image is restituted in real time and is composed of 3 planes (planes B and C) which can be displaced in all spatial directions at any time during acquisition. The flexibility of this system of acquisition allows volume and mass measurement with greater accuracy and reproducibility, limiting inter-observer variability. Free navigation of the planes of investigation allows reconstruction for qualitative and quantitative analysis of valvular heart disease and other pathologies. Although real time 3D echocardiography is ready for clinical usage, some improvements are still necessary to improve its conviviality. Then real time 3D echocardiography could be the essential tool for understanding, diagnosis and management of patients.

  3. Sistemas de tiempo real y sistemas distribuidos de tiempo real

    OpenAIRE

    Pesado, Patricia; Ramón, Hugo Dionisio; Boracchia, Marcos; Pasini, Ariel C.; De Vito, María Cecilia; Osella Massa, Germán Leandro; Estrebou, César

    2006-01-01

    El proyecto de investigación y desarrollo en Sistemas de Software Distribuido, abarca aspectos que van desde los fundamentos del desarrollo (Técnicas de Ingeniería de Requerimientos, Metodologías de Gestión y Desarrollo de Proyectos, Técnicas de Planificación, Métricas, Normas de Calidad, Web-Systems) hasta la concepción de aplicaciones específicas orientadas a los procesos industriales (Sistemas de Planeamiento de Producción, Control Industrial en tiempo real), procesos de E-government (Voto...

  4. Real Estate Risk and Exposure of Banking Institutions to Real Estate

    OpenAIRE

    S.E. Ong; M. Khairul; M.Faishal Ibrahim; L.Thi Thanh Thao

    2013-01-01

    Analyzing the real estate risk sensitivity of GCC banking institutions, we found that both real estate loan and equity exposure of conventional and Islamic banks positively increases its real estate beta risk. The results persist across different subsamples. As expected, the effect is more persistent during time periods when bank's real estate exposure is elevated. Generally, due to the greater real estate exposure of Islamic banks, they possess greater real estate beta risk than conventional...

  5. Museo Palazzo Ricci - Più reale del reale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano Ciocchetti

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Può una realtà virtuale diventare un’esperienza più concreta di quella reale?Sembra di si osservando il lavoro di Tesi di Stefano Ciocchetti.In questo articolo si illustrano le fasi di lavorazione che hanno portato alla riproduzione digitale degli ambienti e delle opere esposte nel Museo Palazzo Ricci di Macerata, tra i più importanti per quel che riguarda l’arte italiana del ‘900. La riproduzione digitale è avvenuta attuando diverse tecniche di ripresa, che hanno reso possibile la navigazione virtuale all’interno del Museo e l’interazione con le opere d’arte presenti, simulando un’esperienza assimilabile a quella reale ed offre, inoltre, possibilità di fruizione che vanno oltre un’esperienza concreta.Questo grazie alle tecniche di ripresa utilizzate, come l’alta definizione che permette di osservare particolari di opere non visibili ad occhio nudo o la modellazione 3d che permette di osservare le sculture attraverso punti di vista differenti.

  6. Ultimatum salary bargaining with real effort

    OpenAIRE

    García-Gallego, Aurora; Georgantzis, Nikos; Jaramillo-Gutiérrez, Ainhoa

    2008-01-01

    We report experimental results on ultimatum salary bargaining with a real task performed by employee subjects. Compared to the baseline treatment with a hypothetical task, the introduction of a real task raises offers, accepted wages and rejection rates.

  7. Is Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity Real?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... gov/news/fullstory_160153.html Is Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity Real? Study finds distinctly different biological changes ... 29, 2016 FRIDAY, July 29, 2016, (HealthDay News) -- Gluten sensitivity appears to be a real medical problem, ...

  8. Multidimensional real analysis I differentiation

    CERN Document Server

    Duistermaat, J J; van Braam Houckgeest, J P

    2004-01-01

    Part one of the authors' comprehensive and innovative work on multidimensional real analysis. This book is based on extensive teaching experience at Utrecht University and gives a thorough account of differential analysis in multidimensional Euclidean space. It is an ideal preparation for students who wish to go on to more advanced study. The notation is carefully organized and all proofs are clean, complete and rigorous. The authors have taken care to pay proper attention to all aspects of the theory. In many respects this book presents an original treatment of the subject and it contains man

  9. Definability in the Real Universe

    OpenAIRE

    Cooper, S. Barry

    2011-01-01

    Logic has its origins in basic questions about the nature of the real world and how we describe it. This article seeks to bring out the physical and epistemological relevance of some of the more recent technical work in logic and computability theory. "If you are receptive and humble, mathematics will lead you by the hand. Again and again, when I have been at a loss how to proceed, I have just had to wait until I have felt the mathematics lead me by the hand. It has led me along an unexpected...

  10. Real time automatic scene classification

    OpenAIRE

    Israël, Menno; Broek, van den, Wouter; Putten, van, M.J.A.M.; Uyl, den, T.M.; Verbrugge, R.; Taatgen, N.; Schomaker, L.

    2004-01-01

    This work has been done as part of the EU VICAR (IST) project and the EU SCOFI project (IAP). The aim of the first project was to develop a real time video indexing classification annotation and retrieval system. For our systems, we have adapted the approach of Picard and Minka [3], who categorized elements of a scene automatically with so-called ’stuff’ categories (e.g., grass, sky, sand, stone). Campbell et al. [1] use similar concepts to describe certain parts of an image, which they named...

  11. How Real Are Future Events?

    OpenAIRE

    Perry, John

    2006-01-01

    My main aim in this talk is to discuss McTaggart’s argument for the unreality of time. I will ?nd a ?aw in his argument, but ?nding the ?aw will lead us to the conclusion that although time is real, future events are not. I will begin, however, not with McTaggart, but with a version of an ancient argument for fatalism. By fatalism I do not mean the doctrine that we are fated, like Oedipus, to do something terrible at some point in the future, no matter what choices we make now, and no matter ...

  12. CERN: Real and imaginary parts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Elastic scattering (where particles bounce off each other) has implications which go far beyond the deceptive simplicity and inconsequence of this process. Several years ago, an elastic scattering result by the UA4 experiment at CERN's proton-antiproton collider (January 1988, page 32) set the high energy world talking. In quantum mechanics, the forward elastic scattering amplitude is a complex number whose real and imaginary parts can be related. The powerful 'optical theorem' relates the total reaction rate (cross-section) to the imaginary part of the forward scattering amplitude, while the ratio of the real and imaginary parts gives an indication of where the total reaction rate is going at higher energies, independent of what the actual mechanisms are. Thus, for example, elastic scattering measurements at CERN's Intersecting Storage Rings pointed the way to the behaviour eventually seen at the proton-antiproton collider. In the 1985 run, UA4 found the ratio (rho) between the real and the imaginary parts to be 0.24, about twice the theoretical prediction. At face value, this suggested that the total reaction rate would increase dramatically at higher collision energies. With such a prediction at stake, confirmation with a more precise measurement was necessary and the UA4/2 experiment (Genoa/ Palaiseau/Prague/Rome/Valencia collaboration) was launched. The real part of the scattering amplitude is obtained via measurements of elastic scattering in a four momentum transfer domain where strong and electromagnetic interactions are comparable. This corresponds to scattering angles of 100 microradians, with the detectors inside ''Roman pots'' close to the circulating beams, and using special beam optics. The new experiment took place in a five-week run late in 1991. With the Roman pots within 2mm of the beams, about a million elastic events were recorded. Several months later, a special dedicated run fixed the SPS

  13. Transseries and real differential algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Hoeven, Joris

    2006-01-01

    Transseries are formal objects constructed from an infinitely large variable x and the reals using infinite summation, exponentiation and logarithm. They are suitable for modeling "strongly monotonic" or "tame" asymptotic solutions to differential equations and find their origin in at least three different areas of mathematics: analysis, model theory and computer algebra. They play a crucial role in Écalle's proof of Dulac's conjecture, which is closely related to Hilbert's 16th problem. The aim of the present book is to give a detailed and self-contained exposition of the theory of transseries, in the hope of making it more accessible to non-specialists.

  14. Sistemas distribuidos de tiempo real

    OpenAIRE

    Ramón, Hugo Dionisio; Romero, Fernando; Pesado, Patricia Mabel; Bertone, Rodolfo Alfredo; Boracchia, Marcos; Thomas, Pablo Javier; Esponda, Silvia

    2004-01-01

    El objetivo de esta línea de investigación es el estudio y desarrollo de sistemas de software que poseen restricciones temporales. Resulta de interés el estudio de diferentes metodologías para la especificación y desarrollo de aplicaciones en tiempo real, así como las plataformas donde dichas aplicaciones pueden ejecutarse. Se trabaja experimentalmente con distintos tipos de hardware y software entre los que pueden mencionarse placas A/D, mini-robots, máquinas multimicroprocesadores y dife...

  15. Sistemas distribuidos de tiempo real

    OpenAIRE

    Ramón, Hugo Dionisio; Romero, Fernando; González, Alejandro Héctor; Novarini, Pablo; Estrebou, César Armando

    2005-01-01

    El objetivo de esta línea de investigación es el estudio y desarrollo de sistemas de software que poseen restricciones temporales. Resulta de interés el estudio de diferentes metodologías para la especificación y desarrollo de aplicaciones en tiempo real, así como las plataformas donde dichas aplicaciones pueden ejecutarse. Se trabaja experimentalmente con distintos tipos de hardware y software entre los que pueden mencionarse placas A/D, mini-robots, plataformas de hardware (PC, PIC, etc....

  16. The real estate industry in the Netherlands

    OpenAIRE

    Engelberts, Reinout; Suarez, Jose L.

    2004-01-01

    The real estate industry in the Netherlands is one of the most sophisticated in Europe. In fact, some Dutch real estate companies are among the most active in the international arena, and are major players in the ongoing integration in European markets. The paper describes the sectors of the real estate industry, i.e. residential and commercial (offices, retail and industrial), social housing policies, and the characteristics of the major companies. Individualized descriptions of listed real ...

  17. The Internationalization of Real Estate Research

    OpenAIRE

    Kam C. Chan; William G. Hardin III; Kartono Liano; Zheng Yu

    2008-01-01

    The contributions of international researchers and institutions to real estate literature for the 1990 to 2006 period are assessed. Both the Asia-Pacific and European regions increase their influence on the top tier of real estate literature. The North American region, while still the dominant source of real estate research, sees its weighted share of publications in the top tier of academic real estate journals decline. Universities from Singapore, Hong Kong, Australia, the United Kingdom, S...

  18. Real Estate Brokers View the College Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wells, Grant J.; Williams, Numan A.

    1993-01-01

    Real estate programs of 76 institutions accredited by the American Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB) were reviewed. Findings of a survey of real estate brokers (n=178) indicated that business programs within the parameters of the AACSB business curriculum should adequately prepare students for a career in real estate. (JOW)

  19. Real Algebraic Tools in Stochastic Games

    OpenAIRE

    Abraham Neyman

    2001-01-01

    The present chapter brings together parts of the theory of polynomial equalities and inequalities used in the theory of stochastic games. The theory can be considered as a theory of polynomial equalities and inequalities over the field of real numbers or the field of real algebraic numbers or more generally over an arbitrary real closed field.

  20. Real Option Applications to Information Security

    OpenAIRE

    Pythagoras PETRATOS

    2008-01-01

    Real options present advantages over the standard discounting methods. In this paper we analyze them briefly and examine their potential applications on information security. The applications of real options on valuation of information assets, information security investment and capital budgeting provide considerable benefits. Finally portfolios of real options and other financial products can reduce information security risk.

  1. Grupo escolar en Irurzun - Navarra - España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guibert Tabar, J.

    1978-10-01

    Full Text Available The formal characteristics of this school complex are determined by the large roofs and the angled shape of the floorplans. The first is as a consequence of the interest in achieving a unity of concept and volume, at the same time maintaining the architectural tradition of the area. Insofar as the angular shape, this is the response to the idea of obtaining ideal conditions of light in each of the classrooms. The building consists of three upper levels, ground floor and semi-basement. In the last of these are found: the gymnasium, the dressing rooms for students and the technical premises serving the school. The ground floor, where the main access is found, includes a small administrative area, the dining room and kitchen, one classroom for girls, three for pre-school children, four for boys and one multifunctional room. The rest of the floors, with the same arrangement, house eight classrooms for girls and five for boys, along with a series of auxiliary premises, such as teachers' rooms, libraries, classrooms for various uses, archives, rooms for crafts, etc. . The construction is completed with an ample sports area and recreation zone.

    Las características formales de este grupo escolar —proyectado en 1969— vienen determinadas por las grandes cubiertas y la forma dentada de las plantas. La primera de ellas es consecuencia del interés por lograr una unidad de concepto y de volumen, manteniendo, al mismo tiempo, la tradición arquitectónica de la zona. En cuanto a la forma dentada, es la respuesta a la idea de obtener unas óptimas condiciones de iluminación en cada una de las aulas. El edificio se compone de tres niveles superiores, planta baja y semisótano. En este último se hallan: el gimnasio, los vestuarios de alumnos y los locales técnicos que sirven a la escuela. La planta baja, en la que se encuentra el acceso principal, comprende una pequeña zona administrativa, el comedor con su cocina, una clase de niñas, tres de párvulos, cuatro de niños y una multifuncional. El resto de las plantas albergan, con el mismo esquema organizativo, ocho aulas de niñas y cinco de niños, junto a una serie de locales auxiliares tales como salas de profesores, bibliotecas, clases de usos varios, archivos, aulas de trabajos manuales, etc. La construcción se completa con una amplia zona deportiva y de recreo.

  2. Hostal Aritzaiko Navarra – España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guibert Tabar, J.

    1977-11-01

    Full Text Available The building, constructed on approximately 790 square meters, is devoted to a dining room and lodging for visitors in transit and is situated in Echarri-Aranaz, next to the highway, on a clearing in the woods, It possesses an extensive ground floor and two upper levéis covering smaller areas which rise, as a side body, over one of the building's sides. The overall structure houses a bar, dining room, kitchen, management office and a total of eight double rooms and two single rooms. An important double-pitch roof, which covers the two upper floors, together with another with several pitches which with its different planes conforms to the irregular perimeter of the structure on the ground floor, give the building the distinctive characteristics of the architecture typical of the region, in this way adaptedEl edificio, de aproximadamente 790 m2 construidos, se destina a comedor y hospedaje para personas en tránsito, estando emplazado en Echarri - Aranaz, junto a la carretera, en el calvero de un bosque. Cuenta con una extensa planta baja y dos niveles superiores, de superficie más reducida, que se elevan, a modo de cuerpo lateral, sobre uno de los costados del edificio. El conjunto de la edificación distribuye los servicios de bar, comedor, cocina, administración, y un total de 8 dormitorios dobles y 2 sencillos. Una importante cubierta a dos aguas, que abarca a las dos plantas más altas, junto a otra de varias aguas, que con sus distintos planos se ajusta al perímetro irregular de la construcción en planta baja, imprimen al edificio las características propias de la arquitectura popular de la reglón, que se ve así homologada en un planteamiento arquitectónico moderno.

  3. Actividad antioxidante de plantas empleadas en la medicina tradicional Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Lopez, V.; Akerreta, S. (Silvia); Cavero, R. Y.; Calvo, M.I.

    2007-01-01

    Numerosos estudios han puesto de manifiesto últimamente la relación existente entre el estrés oxidativo, el envejecimiento celular y algunas enfermedades. El estilo de vida actual está favoreciendo la acumulación de radicales libres y especies reactivas del oxígeno en nuestro organismo y como consecuencia de ello un aumento del estrés oxidativo a nivel fisiológico. Por esto es recomendable el aporte de antioxidantes de carácter exógeno. Debido al interés que están adquiriendo este grupo de co...

  4. A real time monitoring system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A real time monitoring system is described. It was initially developed to be used as a man-machine interface between a basic principles simulator of the Embalse Nuclear Power Plant and the operators. This simulator is under construction at the Bariloche Atomic Center's Process Control Division. Due to great design flexibility, this system can also be used in real plants. The system is designed to be run on a PC XT or AT personal computer with high resolution graphics capabilities. Three interrelated programs compose the system: 1) Graphics Editor, to build static image to be used as a reference frame where to show dynamically updated data. 2) Data acquisition and storage module. It is a memory resident module to acquire and store data in background. Data can be acquired and stored without interference with the operating system, via serial port or through analog-to-digital converter attached to the personal computer. 3) Display module. It shows the acquired data according to commands received from configuration files prepared by the operator. (Author)

  5. Real Estate Taxes in Albania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Koprencka

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The construction sector is one of the mainsectors of the Albanian economy, which,during the last 20 years, has experiencedthe greatest economic growth. In 1991 thissector has contributed by 2.5% to the GDP,in 2006 by 4.9%, while in 2008, this sectorhas contributed by 14.9% to the national GDP. The relevant legislation has played animportant role in the development of this sector. The applied laws have tried to maintainat low levels the real estate prices and totransform such a problematic sector, withreference to fiscal evasion and informality,into an easily controllable sector. The taxesapplied in the construction sector are the sameas in other economic sectors, although thetaxation management in the construction sector, except forthose common principles thatregulate the tax management in general, isbased on some specificrules related to thecharacteristics of this sector. Increase the level of taxation on the transfer of ownership tothe extent of 10%, paralyzed the housing market by reducing the number of sales,especially of real estate old, previously this was 0.3-5%of sales value.JEL Classification: H21

  6. O direito real de Kant Kant's real right

    OpenAIRE

    Aylton Barbieri Durão

    2010-01-01

    No direito real, Kant investiga a propriedade privada de uma substância (o solo e os objetos localizados nele). No estado de natureza, somente ocorre a posse física ou empírica de um objeto externo, a partir do postulado jurídico da razão prática como uma lei permissiva, pois, do contrário, as coisas utilizáveis seriam em-si ou res nullius, mas a posse jurídica ou inteligível depende da posse comum originária do solo (que não se confunde com o comunismo primitivo), para evitar que a proprieda...

  7. Real Time Pricing and the Real Live Firm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moezzi, Mithra; Goldman, Charles; Sezgen, Osman; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Hopper, Nicole

    2004-05-26

    Energy economists have long argued the benefits of real time pricing (RTP) of electricity. Their basis for modeling customers response to short-term fluctuations in electricity prices are based on theories of rational firm behavior, where management strives to minimize operating costs and optimize profit, and labor, capital and energy are potential substitutes in the firm's production function. How well do private firms and public sector institutions operating conditions, knowledge structures, decision-making practices, and external relationships comport with these assumptions and how might this impact price response? We discuss these issues on the basis of interviews with 29 large (over 2 MW) industrial, commercial, and institutional customers in the Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation service territory that have faced day-ahead electricity market prices since 1998. We look at stories interviewees told about why and how they respond to RTP, why some customers report that they can't, and why even if they can, they don't. Some firms respond as theorized, and we describe their load curtailment strategies. About half of our interviewees reported that they were unable to either shift or forego electricity consumption even when prices are high ($0.50/kWh). Reasons customers gave for why they weren't price-responsive include implicit value placed on reliability, pricing structures, lack of flexibility in adjusting production inputs, just-in-time practices, perceived barriers to onsite generation, and insufficient time. We draw these observations into a framework that could help refine economic theory of dynamic pricing by providing real-world descriptions of how firms behave and why.

  8. Introduction to Real Analysis An Educational Approach

    CERN Document Server

    Bauldry, William C

    2011-01-01

    An accessible introduction to real analysis and its connection to elementary calculus Bridging the gap between the development and history of real analysis, Introduction to Real Analysis: An Educational Approach presents a comprehensive introduction to real analysis while also offering a survey of the field. With its balance of historical background, key calculus methods, and hands-on applications, this book provides readers with a solid foundation and fundamental understanding of real analysis. The book begins with an outline of basic calculus, including a close examination of problems illust

  9. Khovanskii-Rolle continuation for real solutions

    CERN Document Server

    Bates, Dan

    2009-01-01

    We present a new continuation algorithm to find all nondegenerate real solutions to a system of polynomial equations. Unlike homotopy methods, it is not based on a deformation of the system; instead, it traces real curves connecting the solutions of one system of equations to those of another, eventually leading to the desired real solutions. It also differs from homotopy methods in that it follows only real paths and computes no complex solutions of the original equations. The number of curves traced is bounded by the fewnomial bound for real solutions, and the method takes advantage of any slack in that bound.

  10. Autonomous Real Time Requirements Tracing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plattsmier, George; Stetson, Howard

    2014-01-01

    One of the more challenging aspects of software development is the ability to verify and validate the functional software requirements dictated by the Software Requirements Specification (SRS) and the Software Detail Design (SDD). Insuring the software has achieved the intended requirements is the responsibility of the Software Quality team and the Software Test team. The utilization of Timeliner-TLX(sup TM) Auto- Procedures for relocating ground operations positions to ISS automated on-board operations has begun the transition that would be required for manned deep space missions with minimal crew requirements. This transition also moves the auto-procedures from the procedure realm into the flight software arena and as such the operational requirements and testing will be more structured and rigorous. The autoprocedures would be required to meet NASA software standards as specified in the Software Safety Standard (NASASTD- 8719), the Software Engineering Requirements (NPR 7150), the Software Assurance Standard (NASA-STD-8739) and also the Human Rating Requirements (NPR-8705). The Autonomous Fluid Transfer System (AFTS) test-bed utilizes the Timeliner-TLX(sup TM) Language for development of autonomous command and control software. The Timeliner-TLX(sup TM) system has the unique feature of providing the current line of the statement in execution during real-time execution of the software. The feature of execution line number internal reporting unlocks the capability of monitoring the execution autonomously by use of a companion Timeliner-TLX(sup TM) sequence as the line number reporting is embedded inside the Timeliner-TLX(sup TM) execution engine. This negates I/O processing of this type data as the line number status of executing sequences is built-in as a function reference. This paper will outline the design and capabilities of the AFTS Autonomous Requirements Tracker, which traces and logs SRS requirements as they are being met during real-time execution of the

  11. 75 FR 36271 - Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Home Warranty Companies' Payments to Real Estate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-25

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT 24 CFR Part 3500 Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Home Warranty Companies' Payments to Real Estate Brokers and Agents AGENCY: Office of General Counsel, HUD. ACTION... performed by real estate brokers and agents as additional settlement services in a real estate...

  12. Nonlocal Optical Real Image Formation Theory

    CERN Document Server

    Gilson, Greyson

    2010-01-01

    A nonlocal theory of optical real image formation is developed from the basic physics associated with an optical real image formation apparatus. The theory shows how two separated illuminated object points are required for real image formation. When the distance between the points exceeds twice the wavelength of the light used two equi-amplitude plane waves propagate independently away from the object plane toward the imaging system. Quantum amplitude components with spatial frequencies that are within the passband of the imaging system pass through the imaging system. Each plane wave pair that propagates through the imaging system and ultimately arrives at the image plane contributes to real image formation. Object and image field depths are treated and found to be very different than they are ordinarily thought to be. Resolution limits related to real image formation are investigated. Reference distribution real image formation (RIF) is introduced. Real image formation with no fundamental resolution limit i...

  13. REAL TIME DATA PROCESSING FRAMEWORKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yash Sakaria

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available On a business level, everyone wants to get hold of the business value and other organizational advantages that big data has to offer. Analytics has arisen as the primitive path to business value from big data. Hadoop is not just a storage platform for big data; it’s also a computational and processing platform for business analytics. Hadoop is, however, unsuccessful in fulfilling business requirements when it comes to live data streaming. The initial architecture of Apache Hadoop did not solve the problem of live stream data mining. In summary, the traditional approach of big data being co-relational to Hadoop is false; focus needs to be given on business value as well. Data Warehousing, Hadoop and stream processing complement each other very well. In this paper, we have tried reviewing a few frameworks and products which use real time data streaming by providing modifications to Hadoop.

  14. Avrocar: a real flying saucer

    CERN Document Server

    Fedrigo, Desire Francine G; Gobato, Alekssander

    2015-01-01

    One of the most unusual military aircraft programs V / STOL was the Avro VZ-9 "Avrocar". Designed to be a real flying saucer, the Avrocar was one of the few V / STOL to be developed in complete secrecy. Despite significant changes in the design, during flight tests, the Avrocar was unable to achieve its objectives, and the program was eventually canceled after an expenditure of 10 million US dollars between 1954 and 1961. But the concept of a lift fan, driven by a turbojet engine is not dead, and lives today as a key component of Lockheed X-35 Joint Strike Fighter contender. Was held in a data research and information related to Avrocar project carried out during the Second World War, which was directly linked to advances in aircraft that were built after it, and correlate them with the turbo fan engines used today.

  15. Definability in the Real Universe

    CERN Document Server

    Cooper, S Barry

    2011-01-01

    Logic has its origins in basic questions about the nature of the real world and how we describe it. This article seeks to bring out the physical and epistemological relevance of some of the more recent technical work in logic and computability theory. "If you are receptive and humble, mathematics will lead you by the hand. Again and again, when I have been at a loss how to proceed, I have just had to wait until I have felt the mathematics lead me by the hand. It has led me along an unexpected path, a path where new vistas open up, a path leading to new territory, where one can set up a base of operations, from which one can survey the surroundings and plan future progress." - Paul Dirac, 27 November, 1975. In Paul A. M. Dirac Papers, Florida State University Libraries, Tallahassee, Florida, USA, No. 2/29/17.

  16. Is the physical Universe real?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, S. F.

    1987-01-01

    The value of any model is always enhanced by an awareness of its limitations and it is this aspect of teaching which is too often overlooked. The philosophy of simple mechanistic theories is fundamentally different from that implied by the newer concepts of quantum mechanics and, whilst it might not be desirable to teach this subject formally at A-level, it would be good to develop an awareness of the revolutionary ideas of complementarity and correspondence which throw so much light on one's very way of thinking. The author explores preconceptions about what can be 'real' and describes the strangeness of the Universe as modelled by quantum theory. It goes on to suggest that the experience of physicists during this century ought to open our eyes to new types of theory in many diverse fields.

  17. Developing Real Estate Education in Brazil: A Case Study of an MBA in Real Estate Development

    OpenAIRE

    Haddad, E.

    2013-01-01

    The practice of Real Estate in Brazil has gone to several changes in recent past that have resulted in an enormous development of the industry. It has implied in increasing demand for manpower training and development a local knowledge of this emerging field. Because of a virtual lack of a “Real Estate school” in Brazil, Real Estate has been approached by different educational traditions, such as construction planning and management, Real Estate business, Real Estate finance. The purpose of t...

  18. The Changing Real Estate Market Transparency in the European Real Estate Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Newell, G.

    2015-01-01

    A key ingredient for increased investor confidence in the European real estate markets has been the improved real estate market transparency in the European markets in recent years. Using the JLL global real estate transparency index, countries are classified as high transparency, transparent, semi-transparent, low transparency and opaque. This paper assesses changes in the real estate transparency for 33 European real estate markets over 2001-2014. This is also assessed in a regional and glo...

  19. The combinatorics of real double Hurwitz numbers with real positive branch points

    OpenAIRE

    Guay-Paquet, Mathieu; Markwig, Hannah; Rau, Johannes

    2014-01-01

    We investigate the combinatorics of real double Hurwitz numbers with real positive branch points using the symmetric group. Our main focus is twofold. First, we prove correspondence theorems relating these numbers to counts of tropical real covers and study the structure of real double Hurwitz numbers with the help of the tropical count. Second, we express the numbers as counts of paths in a subgraph of the Cayley graph of the symmetric group. By restricting to real double Hurwitz numbers wit...

  20. The impact of real estate market transparency on the linkages between direct and indirect real estate

    OpenAIRE

    Luo, Yun; 骆韵

    2013-01-01

    Global investors often invest in publicly traded indirect real estate (IRE) such as Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) and listed property companies rather than physical real estate asset in order to get exposure in foreign real estate markets for a number of reasons that mainly originated from the high transaction cost in the direct real estate (DRE) market. However, in reality IRE is not a perfect substitute of DRE and that the substitutability between IRE and DRE varies across markets. Ve...

  1. Análisis de los casos de cáncer de pulmón diagnosticados en el Servicio de Medicina Interna del Hospital de Navarra: enero de 2001 a septiembre de 2006 Analysis of lung cancer cases diagnosed in an Internal Medicine Department: from January 2001 to September 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Fernández

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos. Conocer el tiempo de existencia de clínica previa al diagnóstico del cáncer de pulmón, tipo de manifestaciones, características clínicas, radiológicas e histológicas de los distintos tipos de tumores y analizar los factores que pueden influir en la supervivencia. Material y métodos. Estudio retrospectivo de todos los pacientes diagnosticados de cáncer de pulmón en el Servicio de Medicina Interna del Hospital de Navarra en el periodo de enero 2001 a septiembre de 2006 mediante revisión de historias clínicas y contacto telefónico cuando fue necesario. Se recogieron específicamente la edad, el sexo, el consumo de tabaco, el tiempo y la clase de síntomas antes de la hospitalización, las manifestaciones radiológicas, los métodos de diagnóstico histológico, el estadio tumoral, y el estado de capacidad funcional (ECOG. También analizamos las curvas de supervivencia y, mediante regresión logística, los factores implicados. Resultados. Se estudiaron 124 pacientes [edad media de 68 ±12 años, 105 (85% hombres y 18 (15% mujeres, fumadores 85%]. El tiempo medio de clínica previa al ingreso fue de 74,5 ±7 días. La clínica de presentación de tipo respiratorio estuvo presente sólo en 40 (32% ocasiones. Se realizó estadiaje por métodos radiológicos en 120 (96,8% de los pacientes. Se diagnosticaron 96 (77,4% tumores no microcíticos, de los cuales 62 (64% estaban en estadio IV. De los 28 (22,6% tumores microcíticos objetivados, 22 (79% se encontraban en estadio no limitado. La mediana de tiempo hasta el diagnóstico fue de 7 días. Fallecieron 113 pacientes (91%, subiendo la mediana de supervivencia a tres meses. Los factores asociados a supervivencia más larga fueron el estadio tumoral poco avanzado y la clasificación ECOG más baja. Conclusiones. El cáncer de pulmón es una patología con alta tasa de mortalidad, que tarda mucho tiempo en diagnosticarse y suele hacerse cuando ya está en estadios avanzados. La

  2. Real Gromov-Witten Theory in All Genera and Real Enumerative Geometry: Computation

    CERN Document Server

    Georgieva, Penka

    2015-01-01

    The first part of this work constructs real positive-genus Gromov-Witten invariants of real-orientable symplectic manifolds of odd "complex" dimensions; the second part studies the orientations on the moduli spaces of real maps used in constructing these invariants. The present paper applies the results of the latter to obtain quantitative and qualitative conclusions about the invariants defined in the former. After describing large collections of real-orientable symplectic manifolds, we show that the real genus 1 Gromov-Witten invariants of sufficiently positive almost Kahler threefolds are signed counts of real genus 1 curves only and thus provide direct lower bounds for the counts of these curves in such targets. We specify real orientations on the real-orientable complete intersections in projective spaces; the real Gromov-Witten invariants they determine are in a sense canonically determined by the complete intersection itself, (at least) in most cases. We also obtain equivariant localization data that c...

  3. O direito real de Kant Kant's real right

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aylton Barbieri Durão

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available No direito real, Kant investiga a propriedade privada de uma substância (o solo e os objetos localizados nele. No estado de natureza, somente ocorre a posse física ou empírica de um objeto externo, a partir do postulado jurídico da razão prática como uma lei permissiva, pois, do contrário, as coisas utilizáveis seriam em-si ou res nullius, mas a posse jurídica ou inteligível depende da posse comum originária do solo (que não se confunde com o comunismo primitivo, para evitar que a propriedade seja uma relação entre pessoas e coisas, como acontece na teoria do trabalho, porque todo direito exige um dever correspondente. Todavia, coisas não podem ter deveres com relação a pessoas, condição seguida da vontade unilateral do primeiro ocupante de querer o objeto e do advento de uma vontade unificada a priori do provo, que só se torna efetiva no estado civil, a única capaz de gerar uma obrigação recíproca entre todos; por isso, a posse inteligível somente é possível no estado civil, embora a posse empírica do estado de natureza tenha a presunção de tornar-se jurídica, quando ocorrer a entrada no estado jurídico e vale por comparação na espera e preparação daquele estado.In real right, Kant investigates the private property of a substance (the soil and the objects on it. In the state of nature the physical or empirical possession of an external object only occurs based on the juridical postulate of the practical reason as a permissive law; otherwise, usable things would be in themselves, or res nullius, but the juridical or intelligible possession depends on the common possession which originates from the soil (and cannot be confounded with primitive communism, to avoid the property to be a relation among people and things, such as what happens in the work theory, because all rights demand a correlated duty, but things cannot have duties towards people, followed by the first occupant's unilateral will to want the

  4. Ring homomorphisms on real Banach algebras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sin-Ei Takahasi

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available Let B be a strictly real commutative real Banach algebra with the carrier space ΦB. If A is a commutative real Banach algebra, then we give a representation of a ring homomorphism ρ:A→B, which needs not be linear nor continuous. If A is a commutative complex Banach algebra, then ρ(A is contained in the radical of B.

  5. Municipal Real Estate Decision Support System

    OpenAIRE

    M. Arkesteijn; S. van den Schootbrugge; P.Paul Van Loon

    2011-01-01

    More and more municipalities have opted to establish a more centralized real estate management. This means that in these municipalities there is one real estate management organization. Since 1995 the number of municipalities that have centralized has increased from 18 (K et al 1995) to 34 percent in 2008 (A et al 2008). In 2009 69 percent of large municipalities (> 75,000 inhabitants) have a centrally organized real estate management (T & S 2010). This should lead to a more efficient and eff...

  6. DETERMINANTS OF REAL EXCHANGE RATE IN ETHIOPIA

    OpenAIRE

    Dr. P.Nandeeswara Rao; Tassew Dufera Tolcha

    2016-01-01

    Real exchange rate has direct effects on trade particularly on international trade and has indirect effects on productions and employments, so it is crucial to understand the factors which determine its variations. This study analyses the main determinants of the real exchange rate and the dynamic adjustment of the real exchange rate following shocks to those determinants using yearly Ethiopian time series data covering the period 1971 to 2010. It begins with a review of literatures on Exchan...

  7. Quantum Mechanics interpreted in Quantum Real Numbers

    OpenAIRE

    Corbett, John V.; Durt, Thomas

    2002-01-01

    The concept of number is fundamental to the formulation of any physical theory. We give a heuristic motivation for the reformulation of Quantum Mechanics in terms of non-standard real numbers called Quantum Real Numbers. The standard axioms of quantum mechanics are re-interpreted. Our aim is to show that, when formulated in the language of quantum real numbers, the laws of quantum mechanics appear more natural, less counterintuitive than when they are presented in terms of standard numbers.

  8. Listing Specialization and Residential Real Estate Licensee

    OpenAIRE

    Leonard V. Zumpano; Ken Johnson; Randy I . Anderson

    2007-01-01

    Earlier research has found that specialization by real estate agents creates economies of scope for real estate firms. So far, however, no research has addressed this issue at the agent level. The question this research seeks to answer is whether specialization in one side of the real estate transaction increases agent income. The most important finding is that specialization has an asymmetric impact on earnings. Specializing in listings positively enhances agent income. In contrast, speciali...

  9. Product Liability Issues in Real Estate Brokerage

    OpenAIRE

    Thomas Potter; Theron R. Nelson; Susan Logan Nelson

    1991-01-01

    The legal environment for real estate brokers is moving inexorably toward the doctrine of strict liability in a product liability context. The agency relationship model currently popular in real estate brokerage may not be able to withstand this threat. A recommendation is made that the industry move toward a market-making role which lies outside the chain of distribution of the real estate product. By moving out of the distribution channel, brokers may be able to revert to a "due care" stand...

  10. Taxation, Risk and Real Interest Rates

    OpenAIRE

    Carolyn Jenkins; Charles Harvey

    1993-01-01

    It is an established orthodoxy that negative real interest rates constrain development, by causing financial repression.' The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) frequently make the raising of nominal interest rates above the rate of inflation a condition of their lending; and some countries without IMF or World Bank programmes have announced that positive real interest rates are a policy objective. This paper does not challenge the argument that negative real interest rates ...

  11. Real meromorphic functions and linear differential polynomials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LANGLEY; J.; K.

    2010-01-01

    We determine all real meromorphic functions f in the plane such that f has finitely many zeros, the poles of f have bounded multiplicities, and f and F have finitely many non-real zeros, where F is a linear differential polynomial given by F = f (k) +Σk-1j=0ajf(j) , in which k≥2 and the coefficients aj are real numbers with a0≠0.

  12. The Official Real Estate Appraisal in Germany

    OpenAIRE

    Christoph JOCHEIM-WIRTZ

    2013-01-01

    The Real Estate Appraisal in Germany is regulated by the articles 192-199 of the German Construction Law. Technical guidelines, including the appraisal methods, are defined in bylaws. For the purpose of official real estate appraisal, Expert Appraisal Committees were founded in counties and large cities. The Committees are comprised of real estate experts doing a honorary service, coming from such professions as land surveying engineers, architects, civil engineers, Tax Office employees, expe...

  13. An Equilibrium Analysis of Real Estate Leases

    OpenAIRE

    Steven R. Grenadier

    2005-01-01

    This article provides a unified equilibrium approach to valuing commercial real estate leases. Using a game-theoretic variant of real options analysis, the underlying real estate asset market is modeled as a continuous-time Nash equilibrium, where developers make construction decisions under demand uncertainty. Then, using the economic notion that leasing represents the purchase of the use of the asset over a specified time, I use a contingent-claims approach to value many of the most common ...

  14. Modular specification of real-time systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Inal, Recep

    Duration Calculus, a real-time interval logic, has been embedded in the Z specification language to provide a notation for real-time systems that combines the modularisation and abstraction facilities of Z with a logic suitable for reasoning about real-time properties. In this article the notation...... is presented through a top-level specification of requirements for a simple air traffic monitoring system, and reasoning is illustrated by a refinement towards a design...

  15. Modular specification of real-time systems

    OpenAIRE

    Inal, Recep

    1994-01-01

    Duration Calculus, a real-time interval logic, has been embedded in the Z specification language to provide a notation for real-time systems that combines the modularisation and abstraction facilities of Z with a logic suitable for reasoning about real-time properties. In this article the notation is presented through a top-level specification of requirements for a simple air traffic monitoring system, and reasoning is illustrated by a refinement towards a design

  16. Archtecture of distributed real-time systems

    OpenAIRE

    Wing Leung, Cheuk

    2013-01-01

    CRAFTERS (Constraint and Application Driven Framework for Tailoring Embedded Real-time System) project aims to address the problem of uncertainty and heterogeneity in a distributed system by providing seamless, portable connectivity and middleware. This thesis contributes to the project by investigating the techniques that can be used in a distributed real-time embedded system. The conclusion is that, there is a list of specifications to be meet in order to provide a transparent and real-time...

  17. PBL - making natural resource education really real

    OpenAIRE

    Ford, Bob

    1998-01-01

    A major concern in education today is making the student learning experience relevant to facilitate workforce readiness. Problem-Based Learning (PBL) is an instructional format which actively engages students in the learning process by requiring them to solve real-life problems (Arambula-Greenfield 1996, Norman and Schmidt 1992). Often times, however, the real-life experiences used are hypothetical and, as a result, simplify the problem to the point that the realness of the problem no longer ...

  18. Real-time Transmission Over Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Gao, Qi

    2004-01-01

    With the Internet expansion, real-time transmission over Internet is becoming a new promising application. Successful real-time communication over IP networks requires reasonably reliable, low delay, low loss date transport. Since Internet is a non-synchronous packet switching network, high load and lack of guarantees on data delivery make real-time communication such as Voice and Video over IP a challenging application to become realistic on the Internet. This thesis work is composed of two...

  19. Modeling real property transactions with use cases

    OpenAIRE

    Ferlan, Miran; Šumrada, Radoš

    2008-01-01

    This paper analyses land security management principles and practice in Slovenia (Si) by presenting a real property transaction example that is formally described and modeled as a use case. First the legislation settings and the description of the dual real property registration system in Slovenia are shortly outlined. Then use case descriptions and UML diagramming examples of a simplified real property transaction process are developed. The use case described is th...

  20. Modeling real property transactions with use cases

    OpenAIRE

    Miran Ferlan; Radoš Šumrada

    2015-01-01

    This paper analyses land security management principles and practice in Slovenia (Si) by presenting a real property transaction example that is formally described and modeled as a use case. First the legislation settings and the description of the dual real property registration system in Slovenia are shortly outlined. Then use case descriptions and UML diagramming examples of a simplified real property transaction process are developed. The use case described is the sale of a whole urban bui...

  1. What is Happening is Real

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janie Conway-Herron

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Australia’s history parallels the movement of modernity towards neo - colonial enterprises encapsulated in globalisation, while Australian identity lends itself to the fragmentation inherent in the conflicting discourses of national identification that make up its history. The psychology derived from this is startlingly apparent in our more recent history as we battle to come to terms with new and insidious incursions into Indigenous hum an rights. The bicentenary year gave Australia an opportunity to highlight the “coming of age” that emerged from being mature enough to admit that white Australia has a black history. A tension between a utopian notion held by some that the celebrations ma rked a time when Australia had reached a coming of age and others who were ambivalent about the nature of the celebrations has led to a re - evaluation of Australian ideas of nationhood. What is Happening is Real is an exploration of the tensions that gave r ise to a continuing engagement in the ongoing challenges that 1988 presented to all Australians.

  2. Mobile real time radiography system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vigil, J.; Taggart, D.; Betts, S. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)] [and others

    1997-11-01

    A 450-keV Mobile Real Time Radiography (RTR) System was delivered to Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in January 1996. It was purchased to inspect containers of radioactive waste produced at (LANL). Since its delivery it has been used to radiograph more than 600 drums of radioactive waste at various LANL sites. It has the capability of inspecting waste containers of various sizes from <1-gal. buckets up to standard waste boxes (SWB, dimensions 54.5 in. x 71 in. x 37 in.). It has three independent x-ray acquisition formats. The primary system used is a 12- in. image intensifier, the second is a 36-in. linear diode array (LDA) and the last is an open system. It is fully self contained with on board generator, HVAC, and a fire suppression system. It is on a 53-ft long x 8-ft. wide x 14-ft. high trailer that can be moved over any highway requiring only an easily obtainable overweight permit because it weights {approximately}38 tons. It was built to conform to industry standards for a cabinet system which does not require an exclusion zone. The fact that this unit is mobile has allowed us to operate where the waste is stored, rather than having to move the waste to a fixed facility.

  3. Mobile real time radiography system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 450-keV Mobile Real Time Radiography (RTR) System was delivered to Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in January 1996. It was purchased to inspect containers of radioactive waste produced at (LANL). Since its delivery it has been used to radiograph more than 600 drums of radioactive waste at various LANL sites. It has the capability of inspecting waste containers of various sizes from <1-gal. buckets up to standard waste boxes (SWB, dimensions 54.5 in. x 71 in. x 37 in.). It has three independent x-ray acquisition formats. The primary system used is a 12- in. image intensifier, the second is a 36-in. linear diode array (LDA) and the last is an open system. It is fully self contained with on board generator, HVAC, and a fire suppression system. It is on a 53-ft long x 8-ft. wide x 14-ft. high trailer that can be moved over any highway requiring only an easily obtainable overweight permit because it weights ∼38 tons. It was built to conform to industry standards for a cabinet system which does not require an exclusion zone. The fact that this unit is mobile has allowed us to operate where the waste is stored, rather than having to move the waste to a fixed facility

  4. Real-time graphics rendering engine

    CERN Document Server

    Bao, Hujun

    2011-01-01

    ""Real-Time Graphics Rendering Engine"" reveals the software architecture of the modern real-time 3D graphics rendering engine and the relevant technologies based on the authors' experience developing this high-performance, real-time system. The relevant knowledge about real-time graphics rendering such as the rendering pipeline, the visual appearance and shading and lighting models are also introduced. This book is intended to offer well-founded guidance for researchers and developers who are interested in building their own rendering engines. Hujun Bao is a professor at the State Key Lab of

  5. Real-time Pricing in Power Markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boom, Anette; Schwenen, Sebastian

    We examine welfare eects of real-time pricing in electricity markets. Before stochastic energy demand is known, competitive retailers contract with nal consumers who exogenously do not have real-time meters. After demand is realized, two electricity generators compete in a uniform price auction to...... Bertrand case, welfare is the same with all or no consumers on smart meters....... satisfy demand from retailers acting on behalf of subscribed customers and from consumers with real-time meters. Increasing the number of consumers on real-time pricing does not always increase welfare since risk-averse consumers dislike uncertain and high prices arising through market power. In the...

  6. Research in Distributed Real-Time Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukkamala, R.

    1997-01-01

    This document summarizes the progress we have made on our study of issues concerning the schedulability of real-time systems. Our study has produced several results in the scalability issues of distributed real-time systems. In particular, we have used our techniques to resolve schedulability issues in distributed systems with end-to-end requirements. During the next year (1997-98), we propose to extend the current work to address the modeling and workload characterization issues in distributed real-time systems. In particular, we propose to investigate the effect of different workload models and component models on the design and the subsequent performance of distributed real-time systems.

  7. Real exchange rate targeting and macroeconomic instability

    OpenAIRE

    Martin Uribe

    1995-01-01

    This paper introduces a real exchange rate rule of the type analyzed by Dornbusch (1982) in an optimizing, two-sector, monetary model of a small open economy. By this rule the government increases the devaluation rate when the real exchange rate is below its long-run level and reduces it when the real exchange rate is above its long-run level. I show that the mere existence of such a rule can give room for extrinsic uncertainty to have real effects, that is, it can generate economic fluctuati...

  8. De toekomst van Real Time Intelligence

    OpenAIRE

    Broek, J. van den; Berg, C.H. van den

    2013-01-01

    Al direct vanaf de start van de Nationale Politie is gewerkt aan het opzetten van tien real-time intelligence centra in Nederland. Van daaruit worden 24 uur per dag en zeven dagen in de week agenten op straat actief ondersteund met real-time informatie bij de melding waar ze op af gaan. In de visie van TNO is de kracht van real-time intelligence, dat het bijdraagt aan het creëren van een beter beeld van de situatie waarin ingegrepen moet worden. Real-time intelligence kan op die manier een gr...

  9. Real and imaginary negative binomial states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Jing; Wang, Xiaoguang; Wu, Ling-An; Pan, Shao-Hua

    2001-10-01

    The real and imaginary negative binomial states formed by a superposition of the negative binomial states are introduced. The sub-Poissonian statistics, Wigner function and squeezing properties of the real and imaginary states are studied in detail. The oscillatory character of the photon distribution due to the quantum interference between the two components is shown. Moreover, we find that these states are real and imaginary nonlinear Schrödinger cat states and give the corresponding ladder operator formalisms. We also discuss how to generate these general real quantum superposition states based on the intensity-dependent Jaynes-Cummings model.

  10. Accounting costs of transactions in real estate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stubkjær, Erik

    2005-01-01

    The costs of transactions in real estate is of importance for households, for investors, for statistical services, for governmental and international bodies concerned with the efficient delivery of basic state functions, as well as for research. The paper takes a multi-disciplinary approach in...... relating theoretical conceptualizations of transaction costs to national accounting and further to the identification and quantification of actions on units of real estate. The notion of satellite accounting of the System of National Accounts is applied to the segment of society concerned with changes in...... real estate. The paper ends up with an estimate of the cost of a major real property transaction in Denmark....

  11. Fresh Air in Real Estate Policies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Yan

    2008-01-01

    @@ Recently, due to the international financial crisis, the decline in domestic economic growth and in the real estate market, the central and local governments have issued a series of policies and measures designed to stimulate the real estate industry. On the one hand, the central government starts stimulating the real estate market by tax relief, relaxation of credit and security housing construction. On the other hand, with the support of the central government, more and more local governments have implemented their own new real estate policies in order to promote the recovery of the local market.

  12. Real issue with nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The voter referendums on nuclear power planned in some states can affect the energy supply and economic health of the public at large more than it affects the industry that provides nuclear power, the author states. He makes the point that those responsible for energy supplies in the U. S.--the President and all relevant Federal agencies, the majority of Congress, the national utility industry, major laboratories, universities and consulting firms, and other energy industries--all favor nuclear power. The complex U.S. energy situation is reviewed, and the hope of alternative energy sources, practice of energy conservation, and benefits of nuclear power are summarized. Specifically, the California Initiative and its three conditions which it says should dictate the future of nuclear power are reviewed. The author does not believe that the reasons that are usually given in opposing nuclear power are the real reasons. He states that ''it seems clear that the principal philosophy behind the initiatives is one of halting economic growth by striking at the energy source that would make that growth possible.'' Attention is called to the morality of nuclear power by asking where is the morality: in leaving future generations an insufficient amount of energy, limiting their abilities to solve the economic and employment problems; in squandering our finite supply of fossil fuels while ignoring nuclear fuels; in forcing the nation into further dependence on unpredictable foreign nations for its energy supply; in expecting other states to provide California with the energy that it does not want to generate itself; and in allowing an arbitrary limit on growth to be set by groups of political activists

  13. 12 CFR 541.21 - Nonresidential real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nonresidential real estate. 541.21 Section 541... REGULATIONS AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.21 Nonresidential real estate. The terms nonresidential real estate or nonresidential real property mean real estate that is not residential real...

  14. Symplectic structure of the real Ginibre ensemble

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sommers, Hans-Juergen [Fachbereich Physik, Universitaet Duisburg-Essen, 47048 Duisburg (Germany)

    2007-07-20

    We give a simple derivation of all n-point densities for the eigenvalues of the real Ginibre ensemble with even dimension N as quaternion determinants. A very simple symplectic kernel governs both the real and complex correlations. One- and two-point correlations are discussed in more detail. Scaling forms for large dimension N are derived. (fast track communication)

  15. Real-time Pricing in Power Markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boom, Anette; Schwenen, Sebastian

    satisfy demand from retailers acting on behalf of subscribed customers and from consumers with real-time meters. Increasing the number of consumers on real-time pricing does not always increase welfare since risk-averse consumers dislike uncertain and high prices arising through market power. In the...

  16. Real Hypersurfaces of a Complex Space Form

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Sharief Deshmukh

    2012-11-01

    In this paper we are interested in obtaining a condition under which a compact real hypersurface of a complex projective space $CP^n$ is a geodesic sphere. We also study the question as to whether the characteristic vector field of a real hypersurface of the complex projective space $CP^n$ is harmonic, and show that the answer is in negative.

  17. Validation of RNAi by real time PCR

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Josefsen, Knud; Lee, Ying Chiu

    2011-01-01

    Real time PCR is the analytic tool of choice for quantification of gene expression, while RNAi is concerned with downregulation of gene expression. Together, they constitute a powerful approach in any loss of function studies of selective genes. We illustrate here the use of real time PCR to verify...

  18. A Real-time Network at Home

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hanssen, Ferdy; Hartel, Pieter; Jansen, Pierre; Scholten, Hans; Vervoort, Wiek

    2001-01-01

    This paper proposes a home network which integrates both real-time and non-real-time capabilities for one coherent, distributed architecture. Such a network is not yet available. Our network will support inexpensive, small appliances as well as more expensive, large appliances. The network is based

  19. International Approaches to Real Estate Development

    OpenAIRE

    Piyush Kumar Tiwari

    2015-01-01

    Book ReviewInternational Approaches to Real Estate Development Squires, G. and Heurkens, E., 2015. International Approaches to Real Estate Development. Routledge, UK. ISBN (hbk): 978-0-415-82857-4, ISBN (pbk): 978-0-415-82858-1, Paperback: US$49.95, Hardback: US$165.00.

  20. Storm real-time processing cookbook

    CERN Document Server

    Anderson, Quinton

    2013-01-01

    A Cookbook with plenty of practical recipes for different uses of Storm.If you are a Java developer with basic knowledge of real-time processing and would like to learn Storm to process unbounded streams of data in real time, then this book is for you.

  1. Real-time Pricing in Power Markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boom, Anette; Schwenen, Sebastian

    We examine welfare eects of real-time pricing in electricity markets. Before stochastic energy demand is known, competitive retailers contract with nal consumers who exogenously do not have real-time meters. After demand is realized, two electricity generators compete in a uniform price auction to...

  2. Real-time Pricing in Power Markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boom, Anette; Schwenen, Sebastian

    We examine welfare e ects of real-time pricing in electricity markets. Before stochastic energy demand is known, competitive retailers contract with nal consumers who exogenously do not have real-time meters. After demand is realized, two electricity generators compete in a uniform price auction to...

  3. A Thermodynamic Classification of Real Numbers

    OpenAIRE

    Garrity, Thomas

    2008-01-01

    A new classification scheme for real numbers is given, motivated by ideas from statistical mechanics in general and work of Knauf and of Fiala and Kleban in particular. Critical for this classification of a real number will be the Diophantine properties of its continued fraction expansion.

  4. Real time programming environment for Windows

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    LaBelle, D.R. [LaBelle (Dennis R.), Clifton Park, NY (United States)

    1998-04-01

    This document provides a description of the Real Time Programming Environment (RTProE). RTProE tools allow a programmer to create soft real time projects under general, multi-purpose operating systems. The basic features necessary for real time applications are provided by RTProE, leaving the programmer free to concentrate efforts on his specific project. The current version supports Microsoft Windows{trademark} 95 and NT. The tasks of real time synchronization and communication with other programs are handled by RTProE. RTProE includes a generic method for connecting a graphical user interface (GUI) to allow real time control and interaction with the programmer`s product. Topics covered in this paper include real time performance issues, portability, details of shared memory management, code scheduling, application control, Operating System specific concerns and the use of Computer Aided Software Engineering (CASE) tools. The development of RTProE is an important step in the expansion of the real time programming community. The financial costs associated with using the system are minimal. All source code for RTProE has been made publicly available. Any person with access to a personal computer, Windows 95 or NT, and C or FORTRAN compilers can quickly enter the world of real time modeling and simulation.

  5. Commercial real estate analysis and investments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geltner, D.; Miller, N.; Clayton, J.; Eichholtz, P.M.A.

    2013-01-01

    The well-known and respected authorship team of Geltner and Miller bring you a new edition of what has become the undisputed and authoritative resource on commercial real estate investment. Streamlined and completely updated with expanded coverage of corporate and international real estate investmen

  6. Real-Life Stories about Addiction Struggles

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... turn Javascript on. Feature: Preventing Drug Abuse and Addiction Real-Life Stories About Addiction Struggles Past Issues / Fall 2011 Table of Contents “ ... VIDEO NIHSeniorHealth Videos Offer Real-Life Stories About Addiction Struggles—and Much More Many of the health ...

  7. Real time estimates of GDP growth

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Groot, de E.A. (Bert); Franses, P.H.P.H.

    2005-01-01

    This paper describes the components of the EICIE, the Econometric Institute Current Indicator of the Economy. This measure concerns quarterly and annual growth of Dutch real Gross Domestic Product. The key component of our real-time forecasting model for Dutch quarterly GDP is weekly staffing servic

  8. Real time estimates of GDP growth

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E.A. de Groot (Bert); Ph.H.B.F. Franses (Philip Hans)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractThis paper describes the components of the EICIE, the Econometric Institute Current Indicator of the Economy. This measure concerns quarterly and annual growth of Dutch real Gross Domestic Product. The key component of our real-time forecasting model for Dutch quarterly GDP is weekly sta

  9. The Cluster Enterprise of Real Property Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stubkjær, Erik

    2008-01-01

    In order to apply the potential of available web technology, business processes must be described in a coherent way across organizational boundaries. Business processes include geographical data in the context of constructions, as well as environmental affairs and real property transactions, amon...... steps towards a standardization of real estate business....

  10. The homogeneous geometries of real hyperbolic space

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Castrillón López, Marco; Gadea, Pedro Martínez; Swann, Andrew Francis

    We describe the holonomy algebras of all canonical connections of homogeneous structures on real hyperbolic spaces in all dimensions. The structural results obtained then lead to a determination of the types, in the sense of Tricerri and Vanhecke, of the corresponding homogeneous tensors. We use...... our analysis to show that the moduli space of homogeneous structures on real hyperbolic space has two connected components....

  11. Effective Thermal Diffusivity in Real Solid

    OpenAIRE

    Chakraborty, Aniruddha

    2015-01-01

    The effective thermal diffusivity is evaluated for a two dimensional real solid and the real solid is modeled with periodic surface. The result contain the scale factor for the conformal transformation that flattens the surface. We find that the effective thermal diffusivity is always less than the local thermal diffusivity and this conclusion is independent of the model.

  12. Real Estate Publicity and Acquisitive Prescription

    OpenAIRE

    Peptan, Rodica

    2011-01-01

    Acquisitive prescription as a way of acquiring the main rigts in rem, that are usually real estate rights, arises the question of its relation to the public real estate system regarding various aspects, related to the type of regulation of the two law institutions at a given moment.

  13. Real Moments of the Restrictive Factor

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Andrew Ledoan; Alexandru Zaharescu

    2009-09-01

    Let be a real number such that 0 < < 1. We establish asymptotic formulas for the weighted real moments $\\sum_{n≤ x}R^(n)(1-n/x)$, where $R(n)=\\prod^k_{v=1}p^{ v-1}_v$ is the Atanassov strong restrictive factor function and $n=\\prod^k_{v=1}p^{ v}_v$ is the prime factorization of .

  14. Cohomology of real four-dimensional triquadrics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krasnov, Vyacheslav A.

    2012-10-01

    We consider non-singular intersections of three real six-dimensional quadrics. They are referred to for brevity as real four-dimensional triquadrics. We calculate the dimensions of their cohomology spaces with coefficients in the field of two elements.

  15. Cohomology of real three-dimensional triquadrics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krasnov, Vyacheslav A.

    2012-02-01

    We consider non-singular intersections of three real five-dimensional quadrics. They are referred to for brevity as real three-dimensional triquadrics. We calculate the dimensions of the cohomology spaces of triquadrics with coefficients in the field of two elements.

  16. Cohomology of real three-dimensional triquadrics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krasnov, Vyacheslav A [P.G. Demidov Yaroslavl State University, Yaroslavl (Russian Federation)

    2012-02-28

    We consider non-singular intersections of three real five-dimensional quadrics. They are referred to for brevity as real three-dimensional triquadrics. We calculate the dimensions of the cohomology spaces of triquadrics with coefficients in the field of two elements.

  17. The impact of real oil price on real effective exchange rate: The case of Azerbaijan

    OpenAIRE

    Hasanov, Fakhri

    2010-01-01

    Using quarterly data from 2000-2007 and applying Error Correction Model and Johansen Co- integration Approaches I estimate the impact of real oil price on the real exchange rate of Azerbaijani manat. Estimation outputs derived from these approaches are very close to each other and indicate that real oil price has statistically significant positive impact on real exchange rate in the long-run. Besides, revealed that relative price as a proxy for productivity has also explana...

  18. A Survey of Corporate Real Estate Executives on Factors Influencing Corporate Real Estate Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Robert H. Pittman; Joel R. Parker

    1989-01-01

    There is a growing awareness that corporations can profit from more effective management of their real estate assets, yet there is little academic research in the field. Based on a survey of corporate real estate executives, this article identifies some key organizational and operational factors that are considered to be important in effective corporate real estate asset management. A qualitative model of corporate real estate effectiveness is proposed, drawing on the emerging literature in t...

  19. Real estate data avaliability for market analysis and single real estate valuation

    OpenAIRE

    Tušek, Tea

    2007-01-01

    Diploma analyses avaliability of some public accesable real estate data for market analysis and single real estate evaluation. It deals with the manner of the state review on the real estate market in the Republic of Slovenia and in the Federal Republic of Germany including legal regulations in both countries, which directly and indirectly interfere with this field. It describes the data base – Record of real estate market, whose primary function is mass evaluation, however, it can be also ap...

  20. Real Estate and Real Estate Finance as a Research Field - An International Overview

    OpenAIRE

    Breuer, W.; C. Kreuz

    2011-01-01

    We present a citation-based analysis of the most important journals on real estate and real estate finance over a time period from 1986 to 2010. For each year, those three articles with the highest number of citations according to Google Scholar are identified. A thorough analysis of all 75 selected articles reveals that the focus of interest has been on (1) empirical research, (2) mainly using data of residential real estate, with (3) the primary objective of evaluating real estate investmen...

  1. Real Shocks and the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate: In the Case of Wage Rigidity

    OpenAIRE

    Hee-Ho Kim; John Dutton

    1997-01-01

    Using a simple exchange rate model, this paper investigates the role of unemployment in determining the ejfects of different shocks on the real exchange rate. The presence of unenioloyment in an economy is shown to significantly alter the relationship between real variables and the real exchange rate. This implies that the generally believed traditional propositions concerning real shocks and the exchange rate might not be valid anymore in the economy with unemployment and thus, that l ignori...

  2. Real options, portfolio effects and financial structure : theory and evidence from Hong Kong real estate companies

    OpenAIRE

    Shen, Jianfu; 沈建富

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this research is to investigate corporate behavior, including investment and financing decisions, when corporations face uncertainty and flexibility/inflexibility, and to explore the effects of this behavior on real option valuation. It expands the real options analysis framework into two paths: the first is to add institutional details, portfolio aspects and financial structure into the classical real option model; the other is to extend the real option model into a firm valuation...

  3. Multiprocessor scheduling for real-time systems

    CERN Document Server

    Baruah, Sanjoy; Buttazzo, Giorgio

    2015-01-01

    This book provides a comprehensive overview of both theoretical and pragmatic aspects of resource-allocation and scheduling in multiprocessor and multicore hard-real-time systems.  The authors derive new, abstract models of real-time tasks that capture accurately the salient features of real application systems that are to be implemented on multiprocessor platforms, and identify rules for mapping application systems onto the most appropriate models.  New run-time multiprocessor scheduling algorithms are presented, which are demonstrably better than those currently used, both in terms of run-time efficiency and tractability of off-line analysis.  Readers will benefit from a new design and analysis framework for multiprocessor real-time systems, which will translate into a significantly enhanced ability to provide formally verified, safety-critical real-time systems at a significantly lower cost.

  4. Hybrid Multiprocessor Real-Time Scheduling Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali A Safaei

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Real-time scheduling is one of the most important aspects of a real-time system design. To achieve a real-time system's requirement, especially to be fast, multiprocessor systems are used. Generally, multiprocessor real-time scheduling algorithms fall into one the two well-known approaches: Partitioning or Global. The partitioning approach has acceptable overhead for underlying system but can NOT guarantee to provide an optimal schedule. The global approach can provide this guarantee by holding some preconditions and considerable overheads. In this paper, an intermediate hybrid multiprocessor real-time scheduling approach is proposed in which optimality will be reached via the minimum overheads for underlying system. Presenting and analyzing different feasible paradigms for combination of the two existing approaches, the proposed hybrid approach satisfies the two major goals of this combination: optimality and lightweightness. Experimental results show that the hybrid approach outperforms the two existing ones.

  5. 75 FR 74620 - Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Home Warranty Companies' Payments to Real Estate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT 24 CFR Part 3500 Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Home Warranty Companies' Payments to Real Estate Brokers and Agents Interpretive Rule: Response to Public Comments AGENCY... fees to real estate brokers and agents by home warranty companies. The public was invited to comment...

  6. The reduction of the metabolyc syndrome in Navarra-Spain (RESMENA-S study: a multidisciplinary strategy based on chrononutrition and nutritional education, together with dietetic and psychological control El estudio RESMENA-S: reducción del síndrome metabólico; una estrategia multidisciplinar basada en la crononutrición y la educación nutricional, junto con control dietético y psicológico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.ª A. Zulet

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The high prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS in Spain requires additional efforts for prevention and treatment. Objective: The study RESMENA-S aims to improve clinical criteria and biomarkers associated with MS though an integral therapy approach. Methods: The study is a randomized prospective parallel design in which is expected to participate a total of 100 individuals. The RESMENA-S group (n = 50 is a personalized weight loss (30% energy restriction diet, with a macronutrient distribution (carbohydrate / fat / protein of 40/30/30, high meal frequency (7 / day, low glycemic index/load and high antioxidant capacity as well as a high adherence to the Mediterranean diet. The control group (n = 50 is assigned to a diet with the same energy restriction and based on the American Heart Association pattern. Both experimental groups are under dietary and psychological control during 8 weeks. Likewise, for an additional period of 16 weeks of self-control, is expected that volunteers will follow the same pattern but with no dietary advice. Results: Anthropometrical data and body composition determinations as well as blood and urine samples are being collected at the beginning and end of each phase. This project is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov with the number NCT01087086 and count with the Research Ethics Committee of the University of Navarra approval (065/2009. Conclusions: Intervention trials to promote the adoption of dietary patterns and healthy lifestyle are of great importance to identify the outcomes and nutritional mechanisms that might explain the link between obesity, metabolic syndrome and associated complications.Introducción: La alta prevalencia del síndrome metabólico (SM en España requiere de esfuerzos adicionales para su prevención y tratamiento. Objetivo: El estudio RESMENA-S tiene como objetivo mejorar criterios clínicos de SM y biomarcadores asociados a través de un tratamiento integral. Métodos: El

  7. Data Analysis for Monitoring Japan's Real Estate Market

    OpenAIRE

    Yuichiro Ito; Ichiro Muto; Yasutaka Takizuka

    2015-01-01

    Large movements in the real estate market not only magnify fluctuations in the real economy but also destabilize the financial system. For this reason, it is quite important for central banks to monitor real estate market trends both in terms of monetary policy and prudential policy. Based on recently enhanced statistics, this article presents a data analysis for monitoring the real estate market from three perspectives: 1) real estate transactions; 2) real estate prices; and 3) real estate f...

  8. Spaces of orderings and abstract real spectra

    CERN Document Server

    Marshall, Murray A

    1996-01-01

    This book is of interest to students as well as experts in the area of real algebraic geometry, quadratic forms, orderings, valuations, lattice ordered groups and rings, and in model theory. The original motivation comes from orderings on fields and commutative rings. This is explained as is the important application to minimal generation of semi-algebraic sets. Many results in the new theory of abstract real spectra (also called spaces of signs) appear here for the first time. The reader needs elementary knowledge of commutative rings, ordered fields and real closed fields and valuations.

  9. Demographic Factors and Real House Prices

    OpenAIRE

    Richard K. Green; Patric H. Hendershott

    1993-01-01

    Real house prices are directly determined by the willingness of households to pay for (and willingness of builders to supply) a constant-quality house. Changes in the quantity of housing demanded will affect real prices only to the extent that the long-run housing supply schedule is positively sloped. In this paper we use 1980 census data to measure the impact of the age structure and real income per household on the willingness of households to pay for a constant quality house. Extrapolating...

  10. On the thermodynamic description of real systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new method of approach to the theory of the thermodynamic properties of real systems is proposed, to include interactions among the constituent particles of the system. The method consists in obtaining the entropy of a real system from the entropy of the corresponding ideal system by a translation in the internal energy and other relevant extensive variables. The usefulness of the method is displayed by application to the cases of: (i) real gases, and (ii) spin paramagnetism with interactions among spins. It is shown that this description corresponds to a generalization of the molecular field approximation. (Author)

  11. Real Options Valuation Based on Certainty Equivalents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Maya Ochoa

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This purpose of this research is to identify appropriate rates to discount the flows from real options in situations in which the risk-free rate does not apply, in particular, in incomplete markets.  A methodology is proposed for valuing real options based on certainty equivalence, which requires as a principal condition the consideration of preferences represented with utility functions.  A constant relative risk aversion (CRRA utility function is used to represent these preferences. The results indicate that this methodology adequately reflects how the value of a real option changes in accordance with an investor´s preferences.

  12. Lagrangian solution of supersonic real gas flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loh, Ching-Yuen; Liou, Meng-Sing

    1993-01-01

    The present extention of a Lagrangian approach of the Riemann solution procedure, which was originally proposed for perfect gases, to real gases, is nontrivial and requires the development of an exact real-gas Riemann solver for the Lagrangian form of the conservation laws. Calculations including complex wave interactions of various types were conducted to test the accuracy and robustness of the approach. Attention is given to the case of 2D oblique waves' capture, where a slip line is clearly in evidence; the real gas effect is demonstrated in the case of a generic engine nozzle.

  13. Real-time Crane Control via PC

    OpenAIRE

    Arm, J

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, creation of SCADA system, which controls and monitors model of gantry crane in real time, is described. This crane will be controlled via process station communicating with PC via Modbus TCP protocol. Moreover, HTTP server will be created to monitor crane state over intranet. On this work, the difference between real-time and fast execution will be described and it will be shown on the built system that the fast execution system can behave like a real-time system under specific...

  14. Uncertainty and Foreign Real Estate Investment

    OpenAIRE

    Ping Cheng; Alan J. Ziobrowski; Royce W. Caines; Brigette J. Ziobrowski

    1999-01-01

    Published research has offered little evidence in support of foreign real estate investment. Most of the literature suggests that foreign real estate yields investors in mixed-asset portfolios no tangible benefits in terms of diversification gains. However all these studies were done on the basis of point estimates where they solve for a single unique optimum portfolio composition. Thus, earlier research has left the impression that foreign real estate is ‘‘never’’ optimal. Here we us...

  15. Quantizations of R(eal numbers)

    OpenAIRE

    Suzuki, Takashi

    2003-01-01

    Quantum real numbers are proposed by performing a quantum deformation of the standard real numbers $\\R$. We start with the q-deformed Heisenberg algebra $\\cLLq$ which is obtained by the Moyal $\\ast$-deformation of the Heisenberg algebra generated by $a$ and $\\ad$. By representing $\\cLLq$ as the algebras of $q$-differentiable functions, we derive quantum real lines from the base spaces of these functional algebras. We find that these quantum lines are discrete spaces. In particular, for the ca...

  16. The Long Cycle of Real Estate

    OpenAIRE

    Ronald W. Kaiser

    1997-01-01

    The experience of the 1985-93 boom/bust in real estate has left industry players nervous about when it might happen again. This paper examines the possible causes and the periodicity of such major real estate cycles. A search of the literature for return evidence from this century suggests that there was only one other period of negative total returns for national real estate - the late 1920s and early 1930s. The evidence suggests that both periods of negative returns were caused by excessive...

  17. Ada in Real-time Embedded System

    OpenAIRE

    Elnaz Ghodsvali; Rabee Sharifi Rad; Sima Sinaei

    2013-01-01

    Ada has an important role in the real-time/embedded/safety-critical areas. It is the only ISO-standard, object-oriented, concurrent, real-time programming language. Ada is used as a usual language for application areas such as defense embedded systems that reliability and efficiency are very essential. One of the main Ada’s characteristics in compare with other programming languages is that, Ada was developed from the ground up with capabilities that provide real-time requirements. In this st...

  18. Filters and Ultrafilters in Real Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Garcia, Max

    2012-01-01

    We study free filters and their maximal extensions on the set of natural numbers. We characterize the limit of a sequence of real numbers in terms of the Frechet filter, which involves only one quantifier as opposed to the three non-commuting quantifiers in the usual definition. We construct the field of real non-standard numbers and study their properties. We characterize the limit of a sequence of real numbers in terms of non-standard numbers which only requires a single quantifier as well....

  19. Real options valuation with changing volatility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miroslav Čulík

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at the valuation of real options with changing volatility. Volatility change is a typical feature of real investment projects, where the riskiness of cash flow generated by the project can change significantly during the project life span. In this paper, there is explained how the problem of changing volatility can be considered if binomial lattice and replication strategy is used for real option valuation. There are recombining and non-recombining lattice used and constant and increasing volatility are analysed and results compared. In situation when volatility is changing, two approaches overcoming this problem are employed and compared.

  20. Interactive Real-time Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brix, Lau

    Real-time acquisition, reconstruction and interactively changing the slice position using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have been possible for years. However, the current clinical use of interactive real-time MRI is limited due to an inherent low spatial and temporal resolution. This PhD project...... regard to optimal sampling strategy for detecting motion in four different anatomies on two different MRI scanner brands. A fully implemented interactive real-time MRI system was exploited in a group of healthy fetuses and proved its eligibility as an alternative diagnostic tool for fetal imaging...

  1. Universidades virtuales: ¿aprendizaje real?

    OpenAIRE

    Valenzuela González, Jaime Ricardo

    2000-01-01

    1. Introducción; 2. Modalidades educativas; 3. Concepto y características de las universidades virtuales; 4. Un modelo de universidad virtual; 5. Universidades virtuales ¿aprendizaje real?; 6. Tensiones de las universidades virtuales; 7. Referencias

  2. The multiple reals of workplace learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kerry Harman

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The multiple reals of workplace learning are explored in this paper. Drawing on a Foucauldian conceptualisation of power as distributed, relational and productive, networks that work to produce particular objects and subjects as seemingly natural and real are examined. This approach enables different reals of workplace learning to be traced. Data from a collaborative industry-university research project is used to illustrate the approach, with a focus on the intersecting practices of a group of professional developers and a group of workplace learning researchers. The notion of multiple reals holds promise for research on workplace learning as it moves beyond a view of reality as fixed and singular to a notion of reality as performed in and through a diversity of practices, including the practices of workplace learning researchers.

  3. CPR: A Real Lifesaver (For Kids)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Got Homework? Here's Help White House Lunch Recipes CPR: A Real Lifesaver KidsHealth > For Kids > CPR: A ... Let's find out how it works. What Is CPR? Cardio means "of the heart " and pulmonary means " ...

  4. Agent Chameleons: Virtual Agents Real Intelligence

    OpenAIRE

    O'Hare, Gregory; Duffy, Brian; Schoen-Phelan, Bianca; Martin, Alan; Bradley, John

    2003-01-01

    Agent Chameleons provides virtual agents powered by real intelligence, delivering next generation autonomic entities that can seamlessly migrate, mutate and evolve on their journey between and within physical and digital information spaces.

  5. Quantum search of a real unstructured database

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broda, Bogusław

    2016-02-01

    A simple circuit implementation of the oracle for Grover's quantum search of a real unstructured classical database is proposed. The oracle contains a kind of quantumly accessible classical memory, which stores the database.

  6. Formation of real estate research theoretical basis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarchenko Vladimir Ivanovich

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The real estate sphere is capital intensive and more or less slowly renewable. It needs an efficient management, which requires constructive use of objective development laws, and this was repeatedly proved in practice. The development laws should be taken into account both while constructing the system of management and while providing its functioning. The article is focused on levels of real estate research which give the opportunity to theoretically summarize and identify methodological requirements, define target determinants, create models and technological integration, and also to approbate in practice the results of the research and verify or rebut the hypothesis. The different levels of abstraction in scientific researches, especially in such a large-scale sphere as real estate, allow implementing the deductive enlargement required for this sphere without loss of identity of regularities and notions. The systemic result of the authorial approach will be in the formation of methodological base containing the complete spectrum of instruments of real estate management.

  7. International Approaches to Real Estate Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piyush Kumar Tiwari

    2015-03-01

    Squires, G. and Heurkens, E., 2015. International Approaches to Real Estate Development. Routledge, UK. ISBN (hbk: 978-0-415-82857-4, ISBN (pbk: 978-0-415-82858-1, Paperback: US$49.95, Hardback: US$165.00.

  8. Interlacing of real zeros of Bessel functions

    CERN Document Server

    Palmai, Tamas

    2010-01-01

    We unify the known three distinct inequality sequences [Abramowitz 9.5.2] of real zeros of Bessel functions into a single, generalized one. This result is triggered by a uniqueness proof concerning a particular inverse scattering problem.

  9. Universidades virtuales: ¿aprendizaje real?

    OpenAIRE

    Valenzuela González, Jaime Ricardo

    2015-01-01

    1. Introducción; 2. Modalidades educativas; 3. Concepto y características de las universidades virtuales; 4. Un modelo de universidad virtual; 5. Universidades virtuales ¿aprendizaje real?; 6. Tensiones de las universidades virtuales; 7. Referencias

  10. Real Property Project Tracking System (RPPTS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — The Real Property Project Tracking System (RPPTS), formerly known as the Lease/Project Tracking (LEASE) database, contains information about lease and land projects...

  11. Visualization in Real-Time Experiment Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The objective of this project will be to migrate some of the outputs from the WFF Mission Planning Lab (MPL) into a real-time visualization system.  The MPL is...

  12. Real-reward testing for probabilistic processes

    OpenAIRE

    hennessy, matthew

    2013-01-01

    We introduce a notion of real reward testing for probabilistic processes by extending the traditional nonnegative reward testing with negative rewards. In this testing framework, the may and must preorders turn out to be the inverse relations of each other. We show that for convergent processes with finitely many states and transitions, but not in the presence of divergence, the real reward must testing preorder coincides with the nonnegative reward must testing preorder. To...

  13. Gentrification and models for real estate analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Gianfranco Brusa; Alessandra Armiraglio

    2013-01-01

    This research propose a deep analysis of Milanese real estate market, based on data supplied by three real estate organizations; gentrification appears in some neighborhoods, such as Tortona, Porta Genova, Bovisa, Isola Garibaldi: the latest is the subject of the final analysis, by surveying of physical and social state of the area. The survey takes place in two periods (2003 and 2009) to compare the evolution of gentrification. The results of surveys has been employed in a simulation by mult...

  14. Corporate Real Estate Function: A Review

    OpenAIRE

    F. Fadzil; H.Mohd Ali; A.Ariffian Bujang

    2011-01-01

    Nowadays, the indicators used to determine the real estate_s contribution to business activities in most organization are primarily focused on cost reduction or capital minimization. However, what is often not realized is that property can also assist revenue enhancement. This paper highlights the synthesis of previous studies from 1990 to 2010 in relation to the corporate real estate function. The considerations include the task of CRE executives that influence the shareholder_s wealth. The ...

  15. Falling real wages during an industrial revolution

    OpenAIRE

    Ciccone, Antonio

    1996-01-01

    The Industrial Revolution was characterized by technological progress and an increasing capital intensity. Why did real wages stagnate or fall in the beginning? I answer this question by modeling the Industrial Revolution as the introduction of a relatively more capital intensive production method in a standard neoclassical framework. I show that {\\sl real wages fall in the beginning of an industrial revolution if and only if technological progress in the relatively more cap...

  16. Nonlinear and Complex Dynamics in Real Systems

    OpenAIRE

    William Barnett; Apostolos Serletis; Demitre Serletis

    2005-01-01

    This paper was produced for the El-Naschie Symposium on Nonlinear Dynamics in Shanghai in December 2005. In this paper we provide a review of the literature with respect to fluctuations in real systems and chaos. In doing so, we contrast the order and organization hypothesis of real systems with nonlinear chaotic dynamics and discuss some techniques used in distinguishing between stochastic and deterministic behavior. Moreover, we look at the issue of where and when the ideas of chaos could p...

  17. Risk management using big real time data

    OpenAIRE

    Cheng, Jie

    2014-01-01

    This thesis focuses on risk management of flight delay area using big real time data. It proposes two different prediction models, one is called General Long Term Departure Prediction Model and the other is named as Improved Real Time Arrival Prediction Model. By studying the main factors lead to flight delay, this thesis takes weather, carrier, National Aviation System, security and previous late aircraft as analysis factors. By utilizing our models can do not only long time b...

  18. Integrated Control and Real-Time Scheduling

    OpenAIRE

    Cervin, Anton

    2003-01-01

    The topic of the thesis is codesign of flexible real-time control systems. Integrating control theory and real-time scheduling theory, it is possible to achieve higher resource utilization and better control performance. The integration requires new tools for analysis, design, and implementation. The problem of scheduling the individual parts of a control algorithm is studied. It is shown how subtask scheduling can reduce the input-output latency in a set of control tasks. Deadline ass...

  19. Interferometer real time control development for SIM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Charles E.

    2003-02-01

    Real Time Control (RTC) for the Space Interferometry Mission will build on the real time core interferometer control technology under development at JPL since the mid 1990s, with heritage from the ground based MKII and Palomar Testbed Interferometer projects developed in the late '80s and early '90s. The core software and electronics technology for SIM interferometer real time control is successfully operating on several SIM technology demonstration testbeds, including the Real-time Interferometer Control System Testbed, System Testbed-3, and the Microarcsecond Metrology testbed. This paper provides an overview of the architecture, design, integration, and test of the SIM flight interferometer real time control to meet challenging flight system requirements for the high processor throughput, low-latency interconnect, and precise synchronization to support microarcsecond-level astrometric measurements for greater than five years at 1 AU in Earth-trailing orbit. The electronics and software architecture of the interferometer real time control core and its adaptation to a flight design concept are described. Control loops for pointing and pathlength control within each of four flight interferometers and for coordination of control and data across interferometers are illustrated. The nature of onboard data processing to fit average downlink rates while retaining post-processed astrometric measurement precision and accuracy is also addressed. Interferometer flight software will be developed using a software simulation environment incorporating models of the metrology and starlight sensors and actuators to close the real time control loops. RTC flight software and instrument flight electronics will in turn be integrated utilizing the same simulation architecture for metrology and starlight component models to close real time control loops and verify RTC functionality and performance prior to delivery to flight interferometer system integration at Lockheed Martin

  20. The LAA real-time benchmarks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Block, R.K.; Krischer, W.; Lone, S. [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)

    1989-04-01

    In the context of the LAA detector development program a subgroup Real Time Data Processing has tackled the problem of intelligent triggering. The main goal of this group is to show how fast digital devices, implemented as custom-made or commercial processors, can execute some basic algorithms, and how they can be embedded in the data flow between detector readout components and fully programmable commercial processors, which are expected to be the final data processing filter in real time.

  1. Real Time Information Fusion in Military Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Bhagiratharao

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available With the proliferation of sensors on platforms like battle ships and aircraft, the information to be handled by the battlefield commanders has significantly increased in the recent time. From a deluge of information flowing from sensors, the battlefield commander is required to make situation assessment in real-time and take appropriate action. Recent studies by cognitive scientists have indicated that decision making by individuals as well as a team suffer from several biases. For these two reasons, the battlefield commanders need assistance of real-time information fusion systems to take objective assessment of highly dynamic battle situation in real-time information fusion systems to take objective assessment of a highly dynamic battle situation in real-time. The real-time information fusion systems at a single platform level as well as that applicable for geographically distributed platforms is discussed in detail in this paper. It was concluded that by carrying out these activities at the platform level as well as at 'global' level involving several platforms, the limitations in performance of any sensor due to propagation effects or due to enemy counter measures can be significantly minimised or totally eliminated. At the same time the functional effectiveness of each sensor onboard different platforms, becomes better than when it had to operate autonomously within the real-time information fusion facility. By carrying out global real-time information fusion activity in a theatre of war, all the platforms operating in the area will have the benefit of the best sensor in that area on each aspect of the capability. A few examples of real-time information fusion system are also discussed.

  2. Real Estate and Capital Gains Debate

    OpenAIRE

    Michael Hudson; Kris Feder

    1997-01-01

    This working paper seeks to elucidate the role of real estate in the capital gains issue, indicating the quantitative orders of magnitude involved. We offer two main observations. First, generous capital consumption allowances (CCAs) greatly magnify the proportion newly constructed buildings, of course, but also on land and old buildings being sold and resold. Our tax code allows for properties to be re- depreciated by their new owners after a sale or swap, permitting real estate investors to...

  3. Bringing More Competition to Real Estate Brokerage

    OpenAIRE

    Gurman, Jesse; Hahn, Robert W.; Litan, Robert E.

    2005-01-01

    This paper provides an economic analysis of the residential real estate brokerage industry. We find that the traditional model for residential real estate brokerage services may be dated, and could be improved substantially with some public policy interventions that spur innovation. We believe that there are numerous barriers to entry that are slowing the emergence of new models for serving consumers. Some of these barriers are likely to be anti-competitive. Examples include discrimination ag...

  4. DO WE HAVE REAL ESTATE FOAMS?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Prop: "The Real Estate industry in Beijing has dept and average 16.3% lever of growth overthe past 5years.Additionally,the investment in real estatemakes up more than 60% of hte annual investment in nonliquid had increased by 9.8%.From the time when Beijinwas chosen to hold hte 2008 Olympic Games,the housingprice ing Beijing has doubled;however,the volume of busimess has already decreased.

  5. REAL TIME WIRELESS AIR POLLUTION MONITORING SYSTEM

    OpenAIRE

    Raja Vara Prasad Y; Mirza Sami Baig; Mishra, Rahul K; Rajalakshmi, P.; U. B. Desai; S. N. Merchant

    2011-01-01

    Air pollution has significant influence on the concentration of constituents in the atmosphere leading to effects like global warming and acid rains. To avoid such adverse imbalances in the nature, an air pollution monitoring system is utmost important. This paper attempts to develop an effective solution for pollution monitoring using wireless sensor networks (WSN) on a real time basis namely real time wireless air pollution monitoring system. Commercially available discrete gas sensors for ...

  6. A basic course in real analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Kumar, Ajit

    2014-01-01

    Real Number SystemAlgebra of the Real Number System Upper and Lower Bounds LUB Property and Its Applications Absolute Value and Triangle Inequality Sequences and Their Convergence Sequences and Their Convergence Cauchy Sequences Monotone Sequences Sandwich Lemma Some Important Limits Sequences Diverging to Subsequences Sequences Defined Recursively Continuity Continuous Functions Definition of Continuity Intermediate Value Theorem .Extreme Value Theorem Monotone Functions Limits Uniform Continuity Continuous Extensions Differentiation Differentiability of Functions Mean Value Theorems L'Hospit

  7. Real Hypersurfaces of a Complex Projective Space

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Sharief Deshmukh

    2011-05-01

    In this paper, we classify real hypersurfaces in the complex projective space $CP\\frac{n+1}{2}$ whose structure vector field is a -analytic vector field (a notion similar to analytic vector fields on complex manifolds). We also define Jacobi-type vector fields on a Riemannian manifold and classify real hypersurfaces whose structure vector field is a Jacobi-type vector field.

  8. Creating Real-Time Embodied Autonomous Agents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    @@ A challenging research area for computer graphics and virtual environments (VE) is training interpersonal interactions. In such a system, at least one person is the VE participant, while several more virtual human agents (represented by human-like, embodied models) are engaged in activities in the same virtual space. The participants, whether live or virtual, should interact as if all were real. This means that the virtual agents must have several characteristics afforded to real people, including the following:

  9. Real-time information from seismic networks

    OpenAIRE

    Köhler, Nina

    2010-01-01

    In this thesis, the performance of a novel methodology for the real-time estimation of seismic source parameters is evaluated which can be used in earthquake early warning systems. The method, PreSEIS, uses artificial neural networks to map seismic observations from a network of sensors onto likely source parameters. The method is veryfied using two real earthquake datasets, as well as a synthetic earthquake dataset to evaluate the performance of the Istanbul early warning system.

  10. Real estate indicators and financial stability

    OpenAIRE

    Bank for International Settlements

    2005-01-01

    The papers in this volume were presented at a joint conference on Real Estate Indicators and Financial Stability organised by the International Monetary Fund and the Bank for International Settlements in Washington, D.C., on 27-28 October 2003. The purpose of this conference was to discuss and explore the theoretical as well as the practical issues underlying the development and use of real estate indicators in assessing financial stability. A key aspect of the current attention on financial ...

  11. Integrative Process-Oriented Real Estate Marketing

    OpenAIRE

    M. Wiffler

    2005-01-01

    Real estate marketing is still focused on McCarthy's 4-P or marketing-mix approach. In today's volatile markets the 4-P approach will no longer lead to satisfying results. It neglects an inherent strategic approach, lacks a process-oriented view and is rather focussed on the product than the customer and the customer's needs. Therefore, the author presents an integrative process oriented real estate marketing approach. Firstly, this approach is aligned with the property's position in its life...

  12. Real-time interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy

    OpenAIRE

    Ralston, Tyler S.; Marks, Daniel L.; Carney, P. Scott; Boppart, Stephen A.

    2008-01-01

    An interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy (ISAM) system design with real-time 2D cross-sectional processing is described in detail. The system can acquire, process, and display the ISAM reconstructed images at frame rates of 2.25 frames per second for 512 × 1024 pixel images. This system provides quantitatively meaningful structural information from previously indistinguishable scattering intensities and provides proof of feasibility for future real-time ISAM systems.

  13. Real-time interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ralston, Tyler S; Marks, Daniel L; Carney, P Scott; Boppart, Stephen A

    2008-02-18

    An interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy (ISAM) system design with real-time 2D cross-sectional processing is described in detail. The system can acquire, process, and display the ISAM reconstructed images at frame rates of 2.25 frames per second for 512 X 1024 pixel images. This system provides quantitatively meaningful structural information from previously indistinguishable scattering intensities and provides proof of feasibility for future real-time ISAM systems. PMID:18542337

  14. Real time monitoring of electron processors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A real time radiation monitor (RTRM) has been developed for monitoring the dose rate (current density) of electron beam processors. The system provides continuous monitoring of processor output, electron beam uniformity, and an independent measure of operating voltage or electron energy. In view of the device's ability to replace labor-intensive dosimetry in verification of machine performance on a real-time basis, its application to providing archival performance data for in-line processing is discussed. (author)

  15. Coinductive Formal Reasoning in Exact Real Arithmetic

    OpenAIRE

    Niqui, Milad

    2008-01-01

    In this article we present a method for formally proving the correctness of the lazy algorithms for computing homographic and quadratic transformations -- of which field operations are special cases-- on a representation of real numbers by coinductive streams. The algorithms work on coinductive stream of M\\"{o}bius maps and form the basis of the Edalat--Potts exact real arithmetic. We use the machinery of the Coq proof assistant for the coinductive types to present the formalisation. The form...

  16. Scala for Real-Time Systems?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schoeberl, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Java served well as a general-purpose language. However, during its two decades of constant change it has gotten some weight and legacy in the language syntax and the libraries. Furthermore, Java's success for real-time systems is mediocre. Scala is a modern object-oriented and functional language...... with interesting new features. Although a new language, it executes on a Java virtual machine, reusing that technology. This paper explores Scala as language for future real-time systems....

  17. Real-Time Scheduling for Software Prototyping

    OpenAIRE

    Luqi; Shing, M

    1996-01-01

    This paper presents several real-time scheduling algorithms developed to support rapid prototyping of embedded systems using the Computer Aided Prototyping System (CAPS). The CAPS tools are based on the Prototyping System Description Language (PSDL), which is a high-level language designed specifically to support the conceptual modeling of real-time embedded systems. This paper describes the scheduling algorithms used in CAPS along with the associated timing constraint and hardwar...

  18. A monadic, functional implementation of real numbers

    OpenAIRE

    O'Connor, Russell

    2006-01-01

    Large scale real number computation is an essential ingredient in several modern mathematical proofs. Because such lengthy computations cannot be verified by hand, some mathematicians want to use software proof assistants to verify the correctness of these proofs. This paper develops a new implementation of the constructive real numbers and elementary functions for such proofs by using the monad properties of the completion operation on metric spaces. Bishop and Bridges's notion of regular se...

  19. MINNESOTA FARM REAL ESTATE SALES: 1990 - PRESENT

    OpenAIRE

    Steven J. TAFF

    2002-01-01

    This publication is a snapshot of the Minnesota Farm Real Estate Sales web site (http://www.apec.umn.edu/faculty/sjtaff/salesstudy) as of May 5, 2002. It will be formally "reissued" (the web site will be recaptured) each Spring, as new sales data become available. We no longer distribute a separate farm real estate report in the Minnesota Agricultural Economist (now the Minnesota Applied Economist). The site consists largely of graphs and tables summarizing sales over the past decade. It prov...

  20. MINNESOTA FARM REAL ESTATE SALES: 1990 - 2002

    OpenAIRE

    Steven J. TAFF

    2003-01-01

    This publication is a snapshot of the Minnesota Farm Real Estate Sales web site (http://www.apec.umn.edu/faculty/sjtaff/salesstudy) as of May 2, 2003. It will be formally "reissued" (the web site will be recaptured) each Spring, as new sales data become available. We no longer distribute a separate farm real estate report in the Minnesota Agricultural Economist (now the Minnesota Applied Economist). The site consists largely of graphs and tables summarizing sales over the past decade. It prov...

  1. Sticky prices and sectoral real exchange rates

    OpenAIRE

    Patrick J. Kehoe; Virgiliu Midrigan

    2007-01-01

    The classic explanation for the persistence and volatility of real exchange rates is that they are the result of nominal shocks in an economy with sticky goods prices. A key implication of this explanation is that if goods have differing degrees of price stickiness then relatively more sticky goods tend to have relatively more persistent and volatile good-level real exchange rates. Using panel data, we find only modest support for these key implications. The predictions of the theory for pers...

  2. Virtual Betti numbers of real algebraic varieties

    OpenAIRE

    McCrory, Clint; Parusinski, Adam

    2002-01-01

    The weak factorization theorem for birational maps is used to prove that for all nonnegative i the ith mod 2 Betti number of compact nonsingular real algebraic varieties has a unique extension to a "virtual Betti number" beta_i defined for all real algebraic varieties, such that if Y is a closed subvariety of X, then beta_i(X) = beta_i(X\\Y) + beta_i(Y).

  3. Real variables with basic metric space topology

    CERN Document Server

    Ash, Robert B

    2009-01-01

    Designed for a first course in real variables, this text presents the fundamentals for more advanced mathematical work, particularly in the areas of complex variables, measure theory, differential equations, functional analysis, and probability. Geared toward advanced undergraduate and graduate students of mathematics, it is also appropriate for students of engineering, physics, and economics who seek an understanding of real analysis.The author encourages an intuitive approach to problem solving and offers concrete examples, diagrams, and geometric or physical interpretations of results. Deta

  4. Towards validated real-time software

    OpenAIRE

    Bertin, V.; Poize, M.; Pulou, J.; Sifakis, J

    2000-01-01

    We present a tool for the design and validation of embedded real time applications. The tool integrates two approaches: the use of the synchronous programming language, ESTEREL for design, and the application of model checking techniques for validation of real time properties. Validation is carried out on a global formal model (timed automata) taking into account the effective implementation of the application on the target hardware architecture as well as its external environment behavior

  5. Complex structure of a real Clifford algebra

    OpenAIRE

    Hanson, Jason

    2011-01-01

    The classification of real Clifford algebras in terms of matrix algebras is well--known. Here we consider the real Clifford algebra ${\\mathcal Cl}(r,s)$ not as a matrix algebra, but as a Clifford module over itself. We show that ${\\mathcal Cl}(r,s)$ possesses a basis independent complex structure only when the square of the volume element $\\omega$ is -1, in which case it is uniquely given up to sign by right multiplication with $\\omega$.

  6. Purchasing Power Parities and Real Expenditures

    OpenAIRE

    Asian Development Bank

    2014-01-01

    This report presents the results of purchasing power parities (PPPs) in the 2011 International Comparison Program in Asia and the Pacific and background information on the concepts that underpin the results. The PPPs are disaggregated by major economic aggregates that enable robust cross-country comparisons. It includes variables such as per capita real gross domestic product, real per capita actual final consumption expenditure for measures of economic well-being, gross fixed capital formati...

  7. Biological Sex Determines Whether Faces Look Real

    OpenAIRE

    Balas, Benjamin

    2013-01-01

    Judging whether a face is real or artificial can be done relatively rapidly and accurately, even when visual information is substantially impoverished. The perception of animacy in the face also has several interesting properties that may reflect both the underlying “tuning” of face space to preferentially represent real face appearance and the diagnosticity of individual features for categorizing faces as animate or inanimate. In the current study, we examined how sex categories interact wit...

  8. Quadratic Interval Refinement for Real Roots

    CERN Document Server

    Abbott, John

    2012-01-01

    We present a new algorithm for refining a real interval containing a single real root: the new method combines characteristics of the classical Bisection algorithm and Newton's Iteration. Our method exhibits quadratic convergence when refining isolating intervals of simple roots of polynomials (and other well-behaved functions). We assume the use of arbitrary precision rational arithmetic. Unlike Newton's Iteration our method does not need to evaluate the derivative.

  9. Picard-Vessiot theory for real partial differential fields

    OpenAIRE

    Crespo, Teresa; Hajto, Zbigniew

    2013-01-01

    We prove the existence of real Picard-Vessiot extensions for real partial differential fields with real closed field of constants. We establish a Galois correspondence theorem for these Picard-Vessiot extensions and characterize real Liouville extensions of real partial differential fields.

  10. 33 CFR 211.1 - Real estate defined.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Real estate defined. 211.1... DEFENSE REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS IN CONNECTION WITH CIVIL WORKS PROJECTS Real Estate; General § 211.1 Real estate defined. The term real estate as used in this part includes...

  11. 32 CFR 644.23 - Real Estate Planning Documents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Real Estate Planning Documents. 644.23 Section... PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Project Planning Military (army and Air Force) and Other Federal Agencies § 644.23 Real Estate Planning Documents. (a) Real Estate Planning Reports. (1) A Real Estate...

  12. Benefits of real-time gas management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In today's competitive gas gathering, processing, storage and transportation business environment, the requirements to do business are continually changing. These changes arise from government regulations such as the amendments to the Clean Air Act concerning the environment and FERC Order 636 concerning business practices. Other changes are due to advances in technology such as electronic flow measurement (EFM) and real-time communications capabilities within the gas industry. Gas gathering, processing, storage and transportation companies must be flexible in adapting to these changes to remain competitive. These dynamic requirements can be met with an open, real-time gas management computer information system. Such a system provides flexible services with a variety of software applications. Allocations, nominations management and gas dispatching are examples of applications that are provided on a real-time basis. By providing real-time services, the gas management system enables operations personnel to make timely adjustments within the current accounting period. Benefits realized from implementing a real-time gas management system include reduced unaccountable gas, reduced imbalance penalties, reduced regulatory violations, improved facility operations and better service to customers. These benefits give a company the competitive edge. This article discusses the applications provided, the benefits from implementing a real-time gas management system, and the definition of such a system

  13. Real Gromov-Witten Theory in All Genera and Real Enumerative Geometry, II

    CERN Document Server

    Georgieva, Penka

    2015-01-01

    The first part of this work constructs positive-genus real Gromov-Witten invariants of real-orientable symplectic manifolds of odd "complex" dimensions; the present part focuses on their properties that are essential for actually working with these invariants. We determine the compatibility of the orientations on the moduli spaces of real maps constructed in the first part with the standard node-identifying immersion of Gromov-Witten theory. We also compare these orientations with alternative ways of orienting the moduli spaces of real maps that are available in special cases. In a sequel, we use the properties established in this paper to compare real Gromov-Witten and enumerative invariants, to describe equivariant localization data that computes the real Gromov-Witten invariants of odd-dimensional projective spaces, and to establish vanishing results for these invariants in the spirit of Walcher's predictions.

  14. TRERC-TEA [Texas Real Estate Research Center-Texas Education Agency] Real Estate Curriculum Workshop Committee Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert

    The document contains a summary report of a community college real estate teachers' workshop organized to develop course outlines for the various areas in the real estate curriculum. Curriculum outlines are presented, with varying degrees of detail included, for the following eight subjects: real estate appraisal; real estate brokage; real estate…

  15. The impact of real estate portfolio composition on the Italian real estate funds performance

    OpenAIRE

    Gigante, M.

    2011-01-01

    In Italy the criteria for selecting real estate investments are subjects of discussion between practitioners and academics, also because the Italian real estate funds have grown considerably in recent years in terms of both asset under management size and of number of funds. The aim of paper is to investigate the investment policies and composition choices of Italian retail funds portfolio, looking at the impact on funds performance measured through the Sharpe ratio, widely used in real estat...

  16. Service Perspective in Real Estate Management - A Study of the Swedish Real Estate Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Palm, P.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the Swedish real estate industries shift towards a service focus. The focus is on how service companies (such as commercial real estate companies) consider their business, if they see themselves as deliverers of a product or service. Design/methodology/approach – The paper discusses the characteristics of the Swedish real estate industry and the relation to the theory of Service dominant logic. The study consist of both an inventory of ann...

  17. The source of real and nominal exchange rate fluctuations in Thailand: Real shock or nominal shock

    OpenAIRE

    Le Thanh, Binh

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines the source of exchange rate fluctuations in Thailand. We employed a structural vector auto-regression (SVAR) model with the long-run neutrality restriction of Blanchard and Quah (1989) to investigate the changes in real and nominal exchange rates from 1994 to 2015. In this paper, we assume that there are two types of shocks which related to exchange rate movements: real shocks and nominal shocks. The empirical analysis indicates that real shocks are the fundamental compon...

  18. Predicting Securitized Real Estate Returns: Financial and Real Estate Factors vs. Economic Variables

    OpenAIRE

    Serrano, Camilo; Hoesli, Martin E.

    2009-01-01

    Securitized real estate returns have traditionally been forecasted using economic variables. However, no consensus exists regarding the variables to use. Financial and real estate factors have recently emerged as an alternative set of variables useful in forecasting securitized real estate returns. This paper examines whether the predictive ability of the two sets of variables differs. We use fractional cointegration analysis to identify whether long-run nonlinear relations exist between secu...

  19. A model of real estate and psychological factors in decision-making to buy real estate

    OpenAIRE

    Bojan Grum; Darja Kobal Grum

    2015-01-01

    This article explores the psychological characteristics of potential real estate buyers connected with their decision to buy. Through a review of research, it reveals that most studies of psychological factors in the decision to buy real estate have a partial and dispersed orientation, and examine individual factors independently. It appears that the research area is lacking clearly defined models of psychological factors in the decision to buy real estate that would integrally and relational...

  20. State Pension Funds: What is Their Future in Real Estate?

    OpenAIRE

    Clarence C. Elebash; William A. Christianses

    1989-01-01

    This study investigates state pension plan participation in the real estate equity market and pension management attitudes toward the ownership of real estate. A series of hypotheses regarding the motivating factors behind state ownership of real estate equities is investigated.

  1. REAL TIME SYSTEM OPERATIONS 2006-2007

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eto, Joseph H.; Parashar, Manu; Lewis, Nancy Jo

    2008-08-15

    The Real Time System Operations (RTSO) 2006-2007 project focused on two parallel technical tasks: (1) Real-Time Applications of Phasors for Monitoring, Alarming and Control; and (2) Real-Time Voltage Security Assessment (RTVSA) Prototype Tool. The overall goal of the phasor applications project was to accelerate adoption and foster greater use of new, more accurate, time-synchronized phasor measurements by conducting research and prototyping applications on California ISO's phasor platform - Real-Time Dynamics Monitoring System (RTDMS) -- that provide previously unavailable information on the dynamic stability of the grid. Feasibility assessment studies were conducted on potential application of this technology for small-signal stability monitoring, validating/improving existing stability nomograms, conducting frequency response analysis, and obtaining real-time sensitivity information on key metrics to assess grid stress. Based on study findings, prototype applications for real-time visualization and alarming, small-signal stability monitoring, measurement based sensitivity analysis and frequency response assessment were developed, factory- and field-tested at the California ISO and at BPA. The goal of the RTVSA project was to provide California ISO with a prototype voltage security assessment tool that runs in real time within California ISO?s new reliability and congestion management system. CERTS conducted a technical assessment of appropriate algorithms, developed a prototype incorporating state-of-art algorithms (such as the continuation power flow, direct method, boundary orbiting method, and hyperplanes) into a framework most suitable for an operations environment. Based on study findings, a functional specification was prepared, which the California ISO has since used to procure a production-quality tool that is now a part of a suite of advanced computational tools that is used by California ISO for reliability and congestion management.

  2. An Overview of U.S. Farm Real Estate Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Forster, D. Lynn

    2006-01-01

    This paper offers an overview of U.S. farm real estate markets. Major uses of land, location of farm real estate, and ownership patterns are summarized. Characteristics of participants in farm real markets are reviewed. Farm real estate values and rents examined, and factors affecting farm real estate values are reviewed, including the effects of conversion of farm real estate to other uses. Finally, historic returns to farmland owners are summarized.

  3. WHY VOLATILITY IS AN INAPPROPRIATE RISK MEASURE FOR REAL ESTATE

    OpenAIRE

    Müller, M.; C. Lausberg

    2010-01-01

    The adequate measurement of real estate risk is of utmost importance for asset management and real estate portfolio management. Most real estate academics agree that volatility, commonly used as a measure of real estate risk, is inappropriate for that purpose. However, volatility is still a favored measure of many practitioners, especially for comparing the risk of real estate with other assets such as securities. And even real estate academics still use this measure due to its simplicity and...

  4. ESTUDO DE CASO: SUSTENTABILIDADE DO BANCO REAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NOLETO, Caroline Paschoim

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available For some time, the Banco Real has invested in suitability, because it realized the importance of this question to the society. To carry out this work, a bibliographic research was made by the Banco Real about the practices of suitability, through the Report of Suitability in 2005 and 2006, with collection of information ofthe actions carried out and also its results. The results of the research will be presented in several projects carried out by the Banco Real, which show in each action the type of the return obtained during 2005 and 2006. We can conclude that the return obtained is relevant, because beyond the financial benefits conceived by the Program “Amigo Real”, it also has the question of the good image of the Company in the face of the market, due to itsposture. Another big benefit conquered by the adoption of the suitability was the introduction of a system of environmental administration in the home office of the own Bank, in São Paulo, so the Banco Real was contemplated with the ISO 14001.Já há algum tempo, o Banco Real tem investido em sustentabilidade porque percebeu a importância dessa questão para a sociedade. Para realização do trabalho em questão foi feito um levantamentobibliográfico das práticas de sustentabilidade praticadas pelo Banco Real, através do Relatório de Sustentabilidade 2005 e 2006 com coleta de informações das ações realizadas e também os seus resultados. Os resultados da pesquisa foram apresentados em vários projetos realizados pelo Banco Real e que demonstram emcada ação o tipo de retorno obtido durante os anos de 2005 e 2006. Pode-se concluir que o retorno obtido é relevante, pois além dos benefícios financeiros gerados pelo Programa Amigo Real, também tem a questão da boa imagem da Empresa perante o mercado, devido a sua postura. Outro grande benefício conquistado por meio da adoção da sustentabilidade foi à implantação de um sistema de gestão ambiental na sede do pr

  5. Real-time control software on NSTX

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mastrovito, D. E-mail: dmastrovito@pppl.gov; Ferron, J.; Gates, D.; Gibney, T.; Johnson, R

    2004-06-01

    The National Spherical Tokamak Experiment (NSTX) depends on high speed, real-time control to establish initial magnetic field configurations, drive plasma current, and control plasma position and shape. The control required on NSTX is achieved through the combined efforts of several applications developed collaboratively including the power supply real-time controller (PSRTC) and the plasma control system (PCS). The PSRTC communicates with the PCS receiving from the PCS real-time voltage controls and is responsible for supplying dc power to the NSTX poloidal field, toroidal field and Ohmic heating coils. The PCS, which was designed at general atomics, controls the data acquisition, gas injection, plasma current, and plasma shape, including a real-time EFIT and isoflux algorithm for equilibrium reconstruction. Modular control algorithms, specific to NSTX, were written and incorporated into the PCS. The NSTX control system is equipped with 160 channels of fast real-time data acquisition and eight 333 MHz G4 processors, which perform the supervision, position, shape, and performance control. After a discharge, the acquired data and setup parameters are transferred to an MDSPlus central archive for later inspection and can be used to repeat previous machine configurations.

  6. Scene independent real-time indirect illumination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frisvad, Jeppe Revall; Christensen, Niels Jørgen; Falster, Peter

    2005-01-01

    A novel method for real-time simulation of indirect illumination is presented in this paper. The method, which we call Direct Radiance Mapping (DRM), is based on basal radiance calculations and does not impose any restrictions on scene geometry or dynamics. This makes the method tractable for rea......, which can draw further advantages from upcoming GPU functionalities. The method has been tested for moderately sized scenes with close to real-time frame rates and it scales with interactive frame rates for more complex scenes.......-time rendering of arbitrary dynamic environments and for interactive preview of feature animations. Through DRM we simulate two diffuse reflections of light, but can also, in combination with traditional real-time methods for specular reflections, simulate more complex light paths. DRM is a GPU-based method...

  7. Real depletion in nodal diffusion codes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The fuel depletion is described by more than one hundred fuel isotopes in the advanced lattice codes like HELIOS, but only a few fuel isotopes are accounted for even in the advanced steady-state diffusion codes. The general assumption that the number densities of the majority of the fuel isotopes depend only on the fuel burnup is seriously in error if high burnup is considered. The real depletion conditions in the reactor core differ from the asymptotic ones at the stage of lattice depletion calculations. This study reveals which fuel isotopes should be explicitly accounted for in the diffusion codes in order to predict adequately the real depletion effects in the core. A somewhat strange conclusion is that if the real number densities of the main fissionable isotopes are not explicitly accounted for in the diffusion code, then Sm-149 should not be accounted for either, because the net error in k-inf is smaller (Authors)

  8. Testing of real-time-software

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The situation in the area of testing real-time-software is unsatisfactory. During the first phase of the project PROMOTE (prozessorientiertes Modul- und Gesamttestsystem) an analysis of the momentary situation took place, results of which are summarized in the following study about some user interviews and an analysis of relevant literature. 22 users (industry, software-houses, hardware-manufacturers, and institutes) have been interviewed. Discussions were held about reliability of real-time software with special interest to error avoidance, testing, and debugging. Main aims of the analysis of the literature were elaboration of standard terms, comparison of existing test methods and -systems, and the definition of boundaries to related areas. During the further steps of this project some means and techniques will be worked out to systematically test real-time software. (orig.)

  9. Development of Real Time Multitask Kernel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Sahli

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This study describes real-time kernel essential mechanisms and deals with the implementation of a real-time multitasks executive. To make more advantage of microprocessors in applications involving many functions simultaneously, our real-time kernel provides a multiprogramming environment in which many independent multitasking application programmes may execute and provides facilities to manage efficiently the processes (tasks and communicate between them. These facilities are provided by system calls that handle data structures namely tasks, semaphores, messages, events flag, resources, mail-boxes, queues and interruptions. Present kernel is preemptive and priorities assigned to tasks are dynamic, the kernel manages up to 63 task levels (63 is the lowest priority level assigned to the idle task. Round robin scheduling is not used here.

  10. Coinductive Formal Reasoning in Exact Real Arithmetic

    CERN Document Server

    Niqui, Milad

    2008-01-01

    In this article we present a method for formally proving the correctness of the lazy algorithms for computing homographic and quadratic transformations -- of which field operations are special cases-- on a representation of real numbers by coinductive streams. The algorithms work on coinductive stream of M\\"obius maps and form the basis of the Edalat--Potts exact real arithmetic. We use the machinery of the Coq proof assistant for the coinductive types to present the formalisation. The formalised algorithms are only partially productive, i.e., they do not output provably infinite streams for all possible inputs. We show how to deal with this partiality in the presence of syntactic restrictions posed by the constructive type theory of Coq. Furthermore we show that the type theoretic techniques that we develop are compatible with the semantics of the algorithms as continuous maps on real numbers. The resulting Coq formalisation is available for public download.

  11. Deterministic Real-time Thread Scheduling

    CERN Document Server

    Yun, Heechul; Sha, Lui

    2011-01-01

    Race condition is a timing sensitive problem. A significant source of timing variation comes from nondeterministic hardware interactions such as cache misses. While data race detectors and model checkers can check races, the enormous state space of complex software makes it difficult to identify all of the races and those residual implementation errors still remain a big challenge. In this paper, we propose deterministic real-time scheduling methods to address scheduling nondeterminism in uniprocessor systems. The main idea is to use timing insensitive deterministic events, e.g, an instruction counter, in conjunction with a real-time clock to schedule threads. By introducing the concept of Worst Case Executable Instructions (WCEI), we guarantee both determinism and real-time performance.

  12. Real-time gauge/gravity duality

    CERN Document Server

    Skenderis, Kostas

    2008-01-01

    We present a general prescription for the holographic computation of real-time n-point functions in non-trivial states. In QFT such real-time computations involve a choice of a time contour in the complex time plane. The holographic prescription amounts to ``filling in'' this contour with bulk solutions: real segments of the contour are filled in with Lorentzian solutions while imaginary segments are filled in with Riemannian solutions and appropriate matching conditions are imposed at the corners of the contour. We illustrate the general discussion by computing the 2-point function of a scalar operator using this prescription and by showing that this leads to an unambiguous answer with the correct i epsilon insertions.

  13. Performance of the RealStar Chikungunya Virus Real-Time Reverse Transcription-PCR Kit▿

    OpenAIRE

    Panning, Marcus; Hess, Markus; Fischer, Waldemar; Grywna, Klaus; Pfeffer, Martin; Drosten, Christian

    2009-01-01

    A novel commercial Chikungunya virus real-time reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) kit was evaluated on a comprehensive panel of original patient samples. The assay was 100% sensitive and specific in comparison to a published real-time RT-PCR. Viral loads from both assays were highly correlated. The kit proved to be suitable for routine use in patient care.

  14. 7 CFR 1955.139 - Disposition of real property rights and title to real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Disposition of real property rights and title to real property. 1955.139 Section 1955.139 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  15. Real-time systems scheduling 2 focuses

    CERN Document Server

    Chetto, Maryline

    2014-01-01

    Real-time systems are used in a wide range of applications, including control, sensing, multimedia, etc. Scheduling is a central problem for these computing/communication systems since it is responsible for software execution in a timely manner. This book, the second of two volumes on the subject, brings together knowledge on specific topics and discusses the recent advances for some of them.  It addresses foundations as well as the latest advances and findings in real-time scheduling, giving comprehensive references to important papers, but the chapters are short and not overloaded with co

  16. Residential investment over the real estate cycle

    OpenAIRE

    John Krainer

    2006-01-01

    Much attention recently has been given to the possibility of a slowdown in the U.S. residential real estate market. While real residential investment has continued to grow and existing house prices have held up through the first quarter of 2006, analysts have pointed to other signs of slowing. Two commonly cited indicators are an apparent slowing of sales of new and existing homes and a buildup of inventories of new homes in many markets. In this Economic Letter, I characterize past episodes ...

  17. Historic Turning Points in Real Estate

    OpenAIRE

    Shiller, Robert J.

    2007-01-01

    This paper looks for markers of ends of real estate booms or busts. The changes in market psychology and related indicators that occurred at real estate market turning points in the United States since the 1980s are compared with changes at turning points in the more distant past. In all these episodes, changes in an atmosphere of optimism about the future course of home prices, changes in public interpretation of the boom, as well as evidence of supply response to the high prices of a boom a...

  18. MINIX4RT: Real-time Semaphores

    OpenAIRE

    Pessolani, Pablo Andrés

    2008-01-01

    MINIX4RT es una extensión del conocido Sistema Operativo MINIX que incorpora servicios de Tiempo Real Estricto en un nuevo microkernel pero manteniendo compatibilidad con las versiones anteriores del MINIX estándar. Los semáforos son el mecanismo primitivo para la sincronización y exclusion mutua en varios sistemas operativos, pero MINIX no brinda esa facilidad. Se adicionaron semáforos a MINIX4RT y, como éste es un Sistema Operativo de Tiempo Real, deben reunir ciertos requisitos de procesam...

  19. Real Time Implementation Of Face Recognition System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Megha Manchanda

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes face recognition method using PCA for real time implementation. Nowadays security is gaining importance as it is becoming necessary for people to keep passwords in their mind and carry cards. Such implementations however, are becoming less secure and practical, also is becoming more problematic thus leading to an increasing interest in techniques related to biometrics systems. Face recognition system is amongst important subjects in biometrics systems. This system is very useful for security in particular and has been widely used and developed in many countries. This study aims to achieve face recognition successfully by detecting human face in real time, based on Principal Component Analysis (PCA algorithm.

  20. Real analysis modern techniques and their applications

    CERN Document Server

    Folland, Gerald B

    1999-01-01

    An in-depth look at real analysis and its applications-now expanded and revised.This new edition of the widely used analysis book continues to cover real analysis in greater detail and at a more advanced level than most books on the subject. Encompassing several subjects that underlie much of modern analysis, the book focuses on measure and integration theory, point set topology, and the basics of functional analysis. It illustrates the use of the general theories and introduces readers to other branches of analysis such as Fourier analysis, distribution theory, and probability theory.This edi

  1. Capital Account Liberalization, Real Wages, and Productivity

    OpenAIRE

    Peter Blair Henry; Diego Sasson

    2008-01-01

    For three years after the typical developing country opens its stock market to inflows of foreign capital, the average annual growth rate of the real wage in the manufacturing sector increases by a factor of seven. No such increase occurs in a control group of developing countries. The temporary increase in the growth rate of the real wage permanently drives up the level of average annual compensation for each worker in the sample by 752 US dollars -- an increase equal to more than a quarter ...

  2. Diferentes construcciones del número real

    OpenAIRE

    Calderón Ramos, Néstor Octavio

    2014-01-01

    En este trabajo se hace una revisión histórica de la construcción rigurosa del número real, en particular en los trabajos de Richard Dedekind cuando definió los números reales a través de cortaduras y Georg Cantor cuando lo hizo a través de sucesiones de Cauchy e intervalos encajados. Se utiliza estas construcciones para plantear una propuesta didáctica que permita a los estudiantes de grado once de la educación media, diferenciar los números racionales de los números irracionales

  3. Object detection in real-time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solder, Ulrich; Graefe, Volker

    1991-03-01

    An algorithm working on monocular gray-scale image sequences for object detection combined with a road tracker is presented. This algorithm appropriate for the real-time demands of an autonomous car driving with speeds over 40 km/h may be used for triggering obstacle avoidance maneuvers such as coming to a safe stop automatically in front of an obstacle or following another car. Moving and static objects have been detected in real-world experiments on various types of roads even under unfavorable weather conditions. . Morgenthaler and

  4. The Performance of Real Estate Activities

    OpenAIRE

    Grauzľová, Žaneta

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to define problems in the field of real-estate activities related to business ethics, to explore causes of their origin and to search for possible solutions to improve the present condition. We will get acquainted with the conception of business ethics, their history, place of origin, driving motives and we will learn what the most widely used instruments of business ethics are. This work is dedicated especially to those problems of the Czech real-estate market which...

  5. Real analysis and probability solutions to problems

    CERN Document Server

    Ash, Robert P

    1972-01-01

    Real Analysis and Probability: Solutions to Problems presents solutions to problems in real analysis and probability. Topics covered range from measure and integration theory to functional analysis and basic concepts of probability; the interplay between measure theory and topology; conditional probability and expectation; the central limit theorem; and strong laws of large numbers in terms of martingale theory.Comprised of eight chapters, this volume begins with problems and solutions for the theory of measure and integration, followed by various applications of the basic integration theory.

  6. Machine vision for real time orbital operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinz, Frank L.

    1988-01-01

    Machine vision for automation and robotic operation of Space Station era systems has the potential for increasing the efficiency of orbital servicing, repair, assembly and docking tasks. A machine vision research project is described in which a TV camera is used for inputing visual data to a computer so that image processing may be achieved for real time control of these orbital operations. A technique has resulted from this research which reduces computer memory requirements and greatly increases typical computational speed such that it has the potential for development into a real time orbital machine vision system. This technique is called AI BOSS (Analysis of Images by Box Scan and Syntax).

  7. Real Estate Versus Financial Wealth in Consumption

    OpenAIRE

    John D. Benjamin; Peter Chinloy; G. Donald Jud

    2004-01-01

    The consumption function for the U.S. economy is estimated with real estate and financial wealth for quarterly data for 1952:1--2001:4. An additional dollar of real estate wealth increases consumption by 8 cents in the current year, as compared with only 2 cents for financial wealth. The results are consistent with theoretical bounds on the marginal propensity to consume from aggregate wealth. The decline in the stock market during 2000--2001 had a limited impact on aggregate demand in part b...

  8. Do Real Estate Loans Affect Economic Activity?

    OpenAIRE

    Z. Onder; S.Ozyildirim Gunalay; S. Ozyildirim; Y. Gunalay

    2007-01-01

    Real estate, especially housing, has an important share in the nationís wealth. For example, real estate constitutes 48.8% of total wealth in the world in 1991. Moreover, housing construction and its financing are two important factors that affect economic development in developed and developing countries. Although the mortgage system has been developing in the 1980s and 1990s in the developing economies, the impact of mortgage credits on the economy has been ignored in the literature. The on...

  9. Mode stability on the real axis

    CERN Document Server

    Andersson, Lars; Paganini, Claudio; Whiting, Bernard F

    2016-01-01

    A generalization of the mode stability result of Whiting (1989) for the Teukolsky equation is proved for the case of real frequencies. The main result of the paper states that a separated solution of the Teukolsky equation governing massless test fields on the Kerr spacetime, which is purely outgoing at infinity, and purely ingoing at the horizon, must vanish. This has the consequence, that for real frequencies, there are linearly independent fundamental solutions of the radial Teukolsky equation which are purely ingoing at the horizon, and purely outgoing at infinity, respectively. This fact yields a representation formula for solutions of the inhomogenous Teukolsky equation.

  10. Real Estate Investment in Sabah, East Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Chok, Vui Shung

    2008-01-01

    Executive Summary Investing in real estate is one of the best means of maximizing ones wealth. An individual can use a property as leverage and hedge it against inflation. Most people invest in this asset class as it is a norm for a property to appreciate at the rate of 5-6% annually, and some even more in places where housing in short supply. This dissertation will evaluate specifically on real estate investment in the state of Sabah, East Malaysia. The chapters begin by providi...

  11. e-REAL: Enhanced Reality Lab

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Salvetti

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available e-REAL - enhanced reality lab - is a fully-immersive and multitasking environment, designed to experience challenging situations in a group setting, engaging all participants simultaneously on different levels: with peers, thematic experts and learning facilitators, both on site and remotely. e-REAL is a lab based on visual thinking and knowledge visualization, facilitated by enhanced (or augmented reality tools. It is a highly interactive and face-to-face lab that promotes proactive data and information research (everything is available, but learners have to actively look for it - allowing knowledge sharing with remote teams and integrating training on soft skills with those that are technical and specialized.

  12. Nilpotent orbits in real symmetric pairs

    CERN Document Server

    Dietrich, Heiko; Ruggeri, Daniele; Trigiante, Mario

    2016-01-01

    In the classification of stationary solutions in extended supergravities with symmetric scalar manifolds, the nilpotent orbits of a real symmetric pair play an important role. In this paper we discuss two approaches to determining the nilpotent orbits of a real symmetric pair. We apply our methods to an explicit example, and thereby classify the nilpotent orbits of SL_2(R)^4 acting on the fourth tensor power of the natural 2-dimensional SL_2(R)-module. This makes it possible to classify all stationary solutions of the so-called STU-supergravity model.

  13. SignalR real time application development

    CERN Document Server

    Ingebrigtsen, Einar

    2013-01-01

    This step-by-step guide gives you practical advice, tips, and tricks that will have you writing real-time apps quickly and easily.If you are a .NET developer who wants to be at the cutting edge of development, then this book is for you. Real-time application development is made simple in this guide, so as long as you have basic knowledge of .NET, a copy of Visual Studio, and NuGet installed, you are ready to go.

  14. Real and étale cohomology

    CERN Document Server

    Scheiderer, Claus

    1994-01-01

    This book makes a systematic study of the relations between the étale cohomology of a scheme and the orderings of its residue fields. A major result is that in high degrees, étale cohomology is cohomology of the real spectrum. It also contains new contributions in group cohomology and in topos theory. It is of interest to graduate students and researchers who work in algebraic geometry (not only real) and have some familiarity with the basics of étale cohomology and Grothendieck sites. Independently, it is of interest to people working in the cohomology theory of groups or in topos theory.

  15. Recent Advances in Real Options Signaling Games

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Rigopoulos

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Financial economics have benefited from game theory advances and its application to various domains where competition is present. Following relevant research this paper presents a literature review of recent works on the intersection of real options and game theory, especially on signaling games. A preliminary background is presented initially and next a review of the works is presented. The paper compiles existing works to a useful reference for researchers in the field. Keywords: Signaling games; Capital budgeting, Real options, Game theory, Discrete time games

  16. Real economic activity and accounting information in Spanish construction and real estate firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Navarro-García

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work is to determine whether the accounting information provided by construction and real estate firms in Spain reflects the real economic activity, during upswings and downturns. A relationship is found between economic conditions and financial reporting in a continental European country such as Spain. Although there is a relationship between real housing price growth and financial accounting measures, real estate companies seem to show an artificial position, since they only present a relationship with Return on Assets (ROA based on low quality income (accruals. Therefore, a different financial position influences a different behaviour in these two similar sectors. In fact, some signs alerting of possible risk in real estate firms are shown.

  17. A model of real estate and psychological factors in decision-making to buy real estate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bojan Grum

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the psychological characteristics of potential real estate buyers connected with their decision to buy. Through a review of research, it reveals that most studies of psychological factors in the decision to buy real estate have a partial and dispersed orientation, and examine individual factors independently. It appears that the research area is lacking clearly defined models of psychological factors in the decision to buy real estate that would integrally and relationally explain the role of psychological characteristics of real estate buyers and their expectations in relation to a decision to buy. The article identifies two sets of psychological factors, motivational and emotional, determines their interaction with potential buyers’ expectations when deciding to purchase real estate and offers starting points for forming a model.

  18. Get Real: Augmented Reality for the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Rebecca; DeBay, Dennis

    2012-01-01

    Kids love augmented reality (AR) simulations because they are like real-life video games. AR simulations allow students to learn content while collaborating face to face and interacting with a multimedia-enhanced version of the world around them. Although the technology may seem advanced, AR software makes it easy to develop content-based…

  19. Students Dig for Real School Gardens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reeves, Lacey; Emeagwali, N. Susan

    2010-01-01

    There's a lot of talk about saving the environment and going green these days. But the challenge is to turn the words into action, and that includes getting young students to become part of the discussion about sustainability. The Texas-based Rainwater Environmental Alliance for Learning (REAL) School Gardens is cultivating success by providing…

  20. Oversampling of wavelet frames for real dilations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bownik, Marcin; Lemvig, Jakob

    2012-01-01

    We generalize the Second Oversampling Theorem for wavelet frames and dual wavelet frames from the setting of integer dilations to real dilations. We also study the relationship between dilation matrix oversampling of semi-orthogonal Parseval wavelet frames and the additional shift invariance gain...