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Sample records for bardenas reales navarra

  1. Mechanisms of erosion in miocene clays from the Tudela formation (Bardenas Reales, Navarra, Spain); Mecanismos de erosion en arcillas miocenas de la Formacion Tudela (Bardenas Reales, Navarra, Espana)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marin, C.; Desir, G.

    2009-07-01

    In Bardenas Reales area (located in the central-western part of the Ebro Depression) several erosion rates have been measured along the last years. The mean annual erosion rates are of 32 Tm/Ha/yr. Due to semiarid conditions, precipitation is irregularly distributed along the year with maximums on spring and autumn when the great erosion is produced. There are intensity and quality thresholds below which erosion does not take place. In Bardenas Reales some erosion processes act (mud slides and armoured mud balls among others). Mud slides are mobilised on spring when the sediment have reached its plastic limit and could slide due to heavy rains. Armored mud balls are produced by the enhancement of popcorn cracks that individualize clays cores which are rounded by water. The same kind of strong precipitation that mobilised mud slides is the responsible of armoured mud balls destruction because the conditions to its maintenance are very limited. (Author) 9 refs.

  2. Nuevos datos sobre Andegameryx (Mammalia, Ruminantia del Mioceno Inferior de las Bardenas Reales (Navarra, España

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    Morales, J.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available New fossil remains of ruminants from the Lower Miocene (Ramblian, MN3 of the Bardenas Reales (Navarre are studied in this paper. The material, which comprises dentition, is assigned to Andegameryx aff. andegaviensis Ginsburg, 1971. Morphological and metrical similarities exist between these remains and the Spanish population of Andegameryx andegaviensis from Cetina de Aragón (Zaragoza, which is somewhat larger than the French material of this species. However, there are also some affinities with Andegameryx fossils from other Spanish localities as Loranca del Campo (Cuenca. The new material from the Bardenas Reales allows us to confirm certainly the presence of Andegameryx in the area and to provide the evidence that it was a widespread genus of ruminant in Spain during the early Miocene.En este trabajo se describen los nuevos hallazgos de rumiantes fósiles del Mioceno inferior (Rambliense, MN3 de las Bardenas Reales (Navarra. Este material está compuesto por dentición y ha sido clasificado como Andegameryx aff. andegaviensis Ginsburg, 1971. El estudio morfológico y métrico muestra que los restos de las Bardenas son muy semejantes a los de la población española de Andegameryx andegaviensis de Cetina de Aragón (Zaragoza, de talla algo mayor que las poblaciones francesas de esta especie. Sin embargo, también tiene afinidades con material de Andegameryx procedente de otras localidades españolas como Loranca del Campo (Cuenca. Los nuevos hallazgos permiten confirmar sin dudas la presencia de Andegameryx en las Bardenas Reales (Cuenca del Ebro, poniendo de manifiesto que este género de rumiante estuvo ampliamente extendido en las cuencas interiores de España durante el Mioceno inferior.

  3. Evolution and erosion processes in gullies Bardenas Reales (Navarra). Spain; Evolucion y procesos de erosion en gullies. bardenas Reales (Navarra). Espana

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    Desir, G.; Marin, C.

    2009-07-01

    At the Bardenas Reales site, guilles are developed over Halocene silts and show a great extend. the most typical features is the lack of relief and the presence of many low and narrow guilles, on which the sidewalls are affected by piping and incision processes. Gullies have a U-Shape section and a dendritic pattern with a high sinuosity. Guilles evolution responds to different processes like headcut retreat, scouring, undermining and piping. One of these minor order guilles has evolved from a man made ditch builded in 1997. This dicth acts a as grainpipe of the erosion plot BD1. The main processes was headuct retreat from the outlet point in the main gully, and the deepening and widening of the ditch botoom level. As a consequence of undermining and piping the ditch shows an enlargement and headcut retreat yhat evolve in an unusual speed in comparison with the environment, that let us to stablish a temporal sequence of the gully evolution in these areas. (Author) 8 refs.

  4. Mamíferos el Mioceno inferior de las Bardenas Reales de Navarra (Cuenca del Ebro, Península Ibérica

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    X. Murelaga, H. Astibia, C. Sese, D. Soria, X. Pereda-Suberbiola

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Las Bardenas Reales de Navarra se encuentran en el borde NW de la cuenca terciaria del Ebro. Los sedimentos que podemos encontrar en la mayor parte del área de estudio pertenecen a facies fluvio-palustres de la Formación Tudela. Las localidades fosilíferas estarían incluidas dentro de la Biozona MN2b-MN· (Biozonas Z-A del Rambliense o Aquitaniense superior-Burdigaliense inforior. En esta área se han encontrado restos fósiles de peces, anfibios, lagartos, anfisbénidos, serpientes, tortugas, cocodrilos, flamencos y los mamíferos que se describen en este trabajo como insectívoros, quirópteros, eomídos, gliridos, esciúridos, cricétidos, lagomorfos, perisodáctilos y artiodáctilos.

  5. Las asociaciones de ostrácodos en secuencias aluviales como indicadores de cambios ambientales holocenos (Bardenas Reales de Navarra, Cuenca del Ebro, NE Península Ibérica

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    Martínez-García, B.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the ostracod assemblages identified in three alluvial units preserved in Bardenas Reales de Navarra (Ebro Basin, NE Iberian Peninsula have been studied, with the aim of reconstructing the palaeoenvironmental evolution of this area during the late Holocene. The most common ostracod species in the studied samples are Ilyocypris bradyi Sars and Paralimnocythere aff. psammophila (Flössner, accompanied by Pseudocandona albicans (Brady. Variations in their relative abundance along these alluvial units allow us to characterize internal changes in the depositional environment. Thus, the unit deposited between 4763±87 and 2848±55 years cal. BP is dominated by I. bradyi, indicating the presence of small streams with running water developed probably in fluvial flood plains. Nevertheless, from 2848±55 to 836±65 years cal. BP Paralimnocythere aff. psammophila is the dominant species, representing the establishment of an ephemeral and stagnant aquatic environment, mainly related with more arid climatic conditions (Medieval Warm Period. Finally, the ostracod assemblage identified in Recent times (191±97 to 127±82 years cal. BP is mainly dominated by I. bradyi, which indicates the presence of running waters. This later assemblage probably defines the influence of cold and wet climatic phase (Little Ice Age during Recent times in this area. The palaeoenvironmental evolution identified from the late Holocene according to ostracod assemblages in Bardenas Reales de Navarra shows good correlation with rapid climatic changes deduced from other continental records of the NE Iberian Peninsula.En este trabajo se estudian las asociaciones de ostrácodos identificadas en tres unidades aluviales preservadas en Bardenas Reales de Navarra (Cuenca del Ebro, NE Península Ibérica, para reconstruir la evolución paleoambiental de esta área durante el Holoceno final. Las especies de ostrácodos más comunes en las muestras estudiadas son Ilyocypris bradyi

  6. Influence so fusion processes in the evolution of modeling. Bardenas Reales (Navarra); Influencia de los procesos de sofusion (piping) en la evolucion del modelado. Bardenas Reales (Navarra)

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    Desir, G.; Gutierrez, M.

    2009-07-01

    Piping processes are controlled by many interacting factors, such as the index of dispersion and the sodium content, SAR and ESP. To it is necessary to join the density of cracking and the slope of the hillsides on which it develops. In the study area climatic characteristics together with soil structure and chemical and mineralogical composition of the substrate has a key role in Pipings formation. Cracking is linked to the presence of dispersive clays with high contents in SAR and ESP, which give the rates of swelling until 12%. The process presence of piping is linked to two concrete situations: the massive intermediate levels of the intermediate Holocene filling sediments and the sediments deposited by the gullies: whereas in the tertiary materials it does not manage to develop. The size and scale of the pipes studied show a clear relationship among the level thickness, slope and hydraulic gradient. In the Holocene landfills the principal bounding factor is the levels thickness since the lower laminated levels do not facilitate the continuity in depth of the process due to the high number of discontinuities, generating centimeter-scale conduits that are always on duty to the drainage network. (Author) 5 refs.

  7. Erosion processes acting in semi-arid climate zone of the Ebro Basin (Bardenas Reales, NE of Spain); Procesos de erosion actuantes en una zona de clima semiarido de la Depresion del Ebro (Bardenas Reales, NE de Espana)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marin, C.; Desir, G.

    2009-07-01

    Bardenas Reales is an erosive depression located in the central-western part of the Ebro Depression. May different erosion processes act on this zone: gullying, piping, mud slides and armoured mud balls among others that contribute to export great quantity of material outside the basin. Depending on lithology and physico-chemical properties erosion acting processes differ. The knowledge of that processes help us to understand the great amount of soil loss that take place on the studied zone, bigger than those recommended. (Author) 8 refs.

  8. Aproximación etnohistórica al trabajo de la pez en las Bárdenas Reales (Navarra

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    Orduna Portús, Pablo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The production of pine tar was an important economic sector for Modern Age. Actually, only some remnants of ovens of pitch, ‘pegueras’, are preserved in the Royal Bardenas (Navarre. Considering the fieldwork, oral sources and archaeological or historical files, this article collects information about a preindustrial craft yet passed away in this territory. The data analysis attempts to reconstruct the possible manufacturing system followed by this traditional trade and its place in the local economy.La producción de pez fue un sector económico importante durante la Modernidad. Hoy en día sólo se conservan algunos restos de sus hornos o pegueras en las Bardenas Reales de Navarra. Atendiendo al examen del trabajo de campo, las fuentes orales y la documentación de archivo y arqueológica, este artículo recoge la información relativa a una artesanía preindustrial ya desaparecida en este territorio. El análisis de los datos intenta reconstruir el posible sistema de producción seguido en ese oficio tradicional y su situación en la economía local.

  9. Drainage and reclamation of salt-affected soils in the bardenas area, Spain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Martinez Beltran, J.

    1978-01-01

    Chapter 1The Ebro basin is situated in north-eastern Spain and forms a geographic unit bounded by high mountains. The Bardenas area lies in the Ebro basin and forms part of the Bardenas Alto - Aragón irrigation scheme, which was designed to make use of the surface water resources from the Pyrenees.C

  10. Triangular facets of slope in the region of Tudela (Ebro Basin, Navarra, Spain); Facetas triangulares de ladera en la region de Tudela (Depresion del Ebro, Navarra, Espana)

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    Marin, C.; Desir, G.; Gutierrez, M.

    2009-07-01

    Some triangular slope facets are localized to the south of Bardenas Reales (central-west of Ebro Basin), elaborated on Tudela Formation deposits, Aragonian in age. Three of them have been dated by OSL resulting on ages of 35,588{+-}2,488 yr. BP, 35,355{+-}2,446 yr. BP and 40.185{+-}2,411 yr. BP. The origin of these facets is ought to an alternation between accumulation and incision phases produced by vegetation cover variation percentage. Those vegetation cover changes are estimated to be due to climatic changes. (Author) 21 refs.

  11. Situación de las intoxicaciones en Navarra The state of poisoning in Navarra

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    M.A. Pinillos

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Se comenta brevemente la situación de la toxicología clínica en Navarra en relación al resto de España, haciendo referencia al Comité de Toxicología de Navarra con sus objetivos. Se presentan datos epidemiológicos del Servicio de Urgencias del Hospital de Navarra, así como dónde encontrar información del tema y se adjunta la hoja de registro epidemiológico realizada por el grupo de SEMESTOX. Se describen las características de la determinación de drogas de abuso y terapéuticas (tipo de muestra, metodología e interpretación de resultados realizados en la unidad analítica toxicológica del Hospital de Navarra. Por último se hace referencia a todos lo antídotos que dispone el Servicio de Farmacia del Hospital de Navarra, que es el centro de referencia para toda la Comunidad, describiendo en cada fármaco sus indicaciones de uso.We briefly comment on the state of clinical toxicology in Navarra and in the rest of Spain, with reference to the Toxicology Committee of Navarra and its aims. Epidemiological data from the Emergency Service of the Hospital of Navarra is presented, as well as where to find information on the subject; the epidemiological registration sheet designed by the SEMESTOX group is attached. A description is given of the characteristics of therapeutic drugs and drugs of abuse determination (type of sample, methodology and interpretation of results carried out in the toxicological analytical unit of the Hospital of Navarra. Finally, reference is made to all of the antidotes available to the Pharmacy Service of the Hospital of Navarra, which is the reference center for the whole of the autonomous community of Navarra. A description is given for each medicine including its indications.

  12. Estudio del comportamiento de animales de Casta Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    La importancia de los animales de Casta Navarra radica en que es uno de los 6 encastes fundacionales de la raza de lidia, siendo sus animales protagonistas de los festejos populares que tienen lugar principalmente en Navarra, La Rioja y Aragón. Por ello, el Gobierno de Navarra decidió incluir a esta población de la raza como raza en peligro de extinción. Para la creación del registro genealógico de Casta Navarra, el Gobierno de Navarra exige 3 tipos de registros: • Confor...

  13. Nuevo monumento de puerta perforada en Navarra

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    Javier ARMENDÁRIZ MARUJA

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Se da la noticia del reciente descubrimiento de una estructura funeraria de tipo hipogeo, con cubierta megalítica y puerta perforada en el término de Viana (Navarra. El monumento se halla en proceso de excavación, estimándose para él una cronología del Calcolítico Antiguo.ABSTRACT: We report here the recent discovery of a burial underground structure, with a megalithic roof and a pierced door at Viana (Navarra. The site is being dug up, and its estimated age dates from the Ancient Calcolithic Period.

  14. Distribución de Crocus nevadensis Amo & Campo, Rest. Farm. 1861 en Navarra

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    Cavero, R.Y. (Rita Yolanda); Garde-Navarro, M.L. (M. L.); Lopez, M L

    1992-01-01

    Distribución y ecología de Crocus nevadensis Amo & Campo in Navarra. Se ha estudiado la distribución y el hábitat de Crocus nevadensis en la provincia de Navarra. Abstract: Distribution and ecology of Crocus nevadensis Amo & Campo in Navarra. We give the distribution and habitat of Crocus nevadensis in the Navarra country.

  15. Ruppia drepanensis Tineo ex Guss. en Navarra

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    María A. Ibargutxi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Una población de Ruppia drepanensis Tineo ex Guss. ha sido hallada en la balsa de Zolina-Ezkoriz, es la primera cita de esta especie hidro-halófila en Navarra y podría representar una de las poblaciones más extensas en su límite norte de distribución. La población de R. drepanensis constituye el hábitat de numerosos insectos acuáticos halófilos que colonizan su entorno, algunos de ellos con gran interés de conservación.

  16. Centro de estudios avanzados, Baquedano (Navarra)

    OpenAIRE

    Damià Vera, Irene

    2012-01-01

    Cabe destacar la intención de camuflar el edificio e integrarlo en el entorno para que el impacto visual sea mínimo, ya que se encuentra ubicado en una reserva natural de la biosfera. La cubierta está concebida como quinta fachada. El programa de laboratorios se completa con una biblioteca y una pequeña cafetería. Ciafarone, AC. (2011). Centro de estudios avanzados. Baquedano, Navarra. http://hdl.handle.net/10251/15652. Archivo delegado

  17. Evolución de las poblaciones de Pito Negro (Dryocopus martius y Pico Dorsiblanco (Dendrocopos leucotos lilfordi en los montes de Quinto Real (Navarra y su relación con la gestión forestal

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    Cárcamo Bravo, S.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available

    This study try to know the current conservation status of two species: White-backed Woodpecker (Dendrocopos leucotos lilfordi and Black Woodpecker (Dryocopus martius in “Quinto Real” Forest, a beechwood of 3.500 hectares at the west edge of the Pyrenees (Navarra. We study if there is any relation between the forest management and the habitat carrying capacity for the two species. The known areas by previous censuses and other potential zones have been visited when breeding, with the objective to confirm their use at the present time. We study which breeding areas have supported forest interventions, which kind of works and how this works can modify the habitat use of these species.

    Both species show certain sensitivity to logging, more marked for White-backed Woodpecker. This confirms the importance of establishing specific measures of forest management to minimize impacts. We set out some of them in this work



    Los autores pretenden dar a conocer el estado actual de conservación en que se encuentran dos especies de pícidos, el pico dorsiblanco (Dendrocopos leucotos lilfordi y el pito negro (Dryocopus martius en los montes de Quinto Real, un hayedo de 3.500 ha en el extremo occidental del Pirineo (Navarra. Se estudia la posible relación entre la gestión forestal y la capacidad de acogida del hábitat para las dos especies. Se han visitado las áreas de cr

  18. Trovadores occitanos en Navarra, Navarra en los trovadores occitanos (1134-1234)

    OpenAIRE

    Roig Torres, Maria Elena

    2015-01-01

    [spa] A tenor de lo que sucede con la lírica trovadoresca en relación a los condados catalanes o a la corona castellana, se hace necesario replantear la naturaleza del vínculo que los trovadores occitanos establecieron con Navarra. Durante años la crítica ha minimizado o negado la existencia de tal vínculo y se ha mostrado poco proclive a reflexionar acerca de esta supuesta ausencia. El objetivo del presente estudio es reevaluar la presencia del reino pirenaico en la poesía trovadoresca occit...

  19. Pteridófitos de la Navarra húmeda

    OpenAIRE

    Báscones Carretero, Juan Carlos

    1982-01-01

    A la vista de las lagunas existentes en el "Atlas florae europaeae" I, 1972, dentro del área vasco-navarra, hemos creído oportuno reunir en esta publicación aquellas nuevas citas de Pteridófitos encontrados en Navarra húmeda. Con este mismo propósito, adjuntamos algunas localidades vizcaínas que cubren casillas vacantes del mencionado Atlas. The Baske Lands country shows a great variety of Pteridophyta. In the present paper we comment some localities for taxa found in the wet part of Navar...

  20. La Vasconia de Manuel Risco y la polémica subsiguiente sobre el pasado de Navarra

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    Mikelarena Peña, Fernando

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The publication of La Vasconia, Volume XXXII from the España Sagrada collection, by Manuel Risco generated a controversy about the origins of the kingdom of Navarre. Its contents may be related with ideas about the history of Navarre held by Campomanes. In this controversy took part Juan Antonio Fernández and Miguel de Hualde, who did not get the support of the navarre Diputation. Risco's work would have echoes in the contribution about Navarre made by Traggia in 1802 published in the Dictionary of the Royal Academy of History.La publicación de La Vasconia, volumen XXXII de la colección España Sagrada, de Manuel Risco generó una polémica sobre los orígenes del reino de Navarra. Sus contenidos se pueden relacionar con las ideas sobre la historia de Navarra que sostenía Campomanes. En esa polémica participaron Juan Antonio Fernández y Miguel de Hualde, que no consiguieron el apoyo de la Diputación. La obra de Risco tendría ecos en la aportación realizada sobre Navarra por Traggia en 1802 editada en el Diccionario de la Real Academia de la Historia.

  1. El trasplante en Navarra y España Transplantation in Navarra and Spain

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    J. J. Unzué

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available La donación de órganos y tejidos es un proceso admitido en nuestra sociedad como algo habitual, así ante la inminencia de la muerte, y el planteamiento de la gravedad del paciente, en una UCI, la familia ofrece los órganos y/o tejidos antes de solicitarlos. Como cifra clave, al finalizar el año 2005, se produjeron tres datos históricos: por un lado, en España ha pasado de 35 donaciones por millón -¡récord mundial!-, y por otro lado, se ha conseguido la cifra más baja de negativas familiares de la historia, situándonos por debajo del 16 por millón, y además se ha podido rebasar la cifra de 1.500 donantes en un año. El hecho de llevar más de 30 años de experiencia en donación y trasplante ha permitido optimizar métodos y protocolos y distribuir con eficacia funciones sobre la base de la especialización; el Hospital de Navarra se encarga preferentemente de la extracción de órganos; el Hospital Virgen del Camino se ocupa de la captación de tejidos, y la Clínica Universitaria de Navarra del proceso quirúrgico del trasplante. En este trabajo se ofrecen datos de los distintos trasplantes haciendo referencia continuamente a los datos producidos entre los años 1995 y 2005; cuando la ocasión lo requiere, se citan también datos anteriores y se establecen algunas comparaciones con el resto de España y otros países.The donation of organs and tissues is accepted in our society as a normal process; thus it frequently happens that when, in the face of imminent death, we inform the family of the severity of the patient in an intensive care unit, they offer us the organs and/or tissues before they are even asked. That is to say that in our milieu the degree of awareness and generosity is very high. As a sort of magic figure, three historic events occurred at the end of 2005: on the one hand, Spain exceeded the figure of 35 donations per million - a world record; on the other hand, we obtained the lowest figure of family refusals in

  2. Evaluating irrigation scheduling of hydroponic tomato in Navarra, Spain

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    Lizarraga, H.J.; Boesveld, H.; Huibers, F.P.; Robles, H.

    2003-01-01

    The correct supply of water and nutrients is important in hydroponic growing systems in order to use water efficiently, avoid stress situations, and control production. The present study was conducted to evaluate two irrigation scheduling techniques for hydroponic tomato production in Navarra, north

  3. Piezas metálicas de la Protohistoria. Navarra: Armas

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    Amparo CASTIELLA RODRÍGUEZ

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo es un intento de ampliar el conocimiento acerca de los testimonios materiales pertenecientes a los pueblos protohistóricos asentados en Navarra. Entre los instrumentos metálicos se debe señalar el número de armas —hasta 111 piezas— clasificadas en diferentes grupos. Se ofrece una valoración arqueológica, dibujos e información cartográfica en apoyo a las conclusiones del trabajo.

  4. Trabajo Social Sanitario en casos de ictus en Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Aldunate González, Nerea

    2015-01-01

    El Ictus es la primera causa de discapacidad y dependencia en el adulto y la segunda causa de muerte en España. Se prevé que este trastorno vaya en aumento en los próximos años, por lo que se trata de un problema sanitario de plena actualidad presentando un importante impacto social. Navarra es una de las comunidades autónomas con una tasa más alta de personas con Daño Cerebral Adquirido provocado por Ictus. El Trabajo Social cumple una función clave en la atención a estas p...

  5. Wind power development in Spain, the model of Navarra

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miguel Ichaso, A. de [Energia Hidroelectrica de Navarra S.A. (EHN), Pamplona (Spain)

    2000-08-01

    Wind power implementation in Spain has undergone spectacular growth in recent years. From 834 Megawatts installed at the end of 1998, the figure of 1,500 MW was reached at the end of 1999 and forecasts expect well over 2,500 MW by the end of the year 2000. A favourable legislative framework and tariff structure have brought about this rate of development, which is mainly based on the implementation of large wind farms on high altitude sites in Spain. The region of Navarra (northern Spain) has played a special role in this development, and EHN, a company born in this region, has carried out major projects that have given it 30% of the Spanish wind power sector. The challenges for the sector in Spain over the next few years are: (1) Make its development compatible with the supply guarantees required by the national electricity supply operator, (2) ensure that the implementation of wind farms is done with respect for the environment, (3) harmonise the wind power development of the different Autonomous Communities of Spain, and (4) reduce the investment costs in order to obtain enough profitability with falling energy prices in the coming years. (orig.)

  6. Los poblados de la Edad del Hierro, de Cortes de Navarra

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    Juan MALUQUER DE MOTES

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available En la villa navarra de Cortes, a 4.500 metros de la orilla derecha del Ebro, se halla el denominado Cerro de la Cruz, que constituye el yacimiento más rico de la Primera Edad del Hierro del valle del Ebro.Desde 1947, el Servicio de Excavaciones de Navarra, bajo la dirección de don Blas Taracena, ha venido realizando intensas campañas de excavaciones, continuadas después de su muerte por don Luis Vázquez de Parga y por don Octavio Gil Farrés.

  7. Estructuras reproductoras asexuales de diversas especies de musgos de Navarra (España)

    OpenAIRE

    Miguel Velasco, A.M. (Ana Maria) de; Ederra, A.

    1987-01-01

    En base al material recolectado en numerosas localidades de Navarra, presentamos un catálogo de 23 especies de musgos en los que habitualmente se encuentran estructuras para la reproducción asexual: gemas rizoidales, bulbillos axilares, ramas flageliformes etc. Se discute la relación entre estas estructuras, el habitat y la sexualidad de las especies. Summary: According to samples collected in many localities of Navarra, a catalogue of 23 mosses which normally bear a lot of structures for ase...

  8. [Analysis of body image perception of university students in navarra].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soto Ruiz, Ma Nelia; Marin Fernández, Blanca; Aguinaga Ontoso, Inés; Guillén-Grima, Francisco; Serrano Mozó, Inmaculada; Canga Armayor, Navidad; Hermoso de Mendoza Cantón, Juana; Stock, Christiane; Kraemer, Alexander; Annan, James

    2015-05-01

    Introducción: Los modelos de belleza actuales representan una extremada delgadez en las mujeres y un cuerpo musculoso en los hombres. La propia percepción de imagen corporal va a condicionar la búsqueda del ideal de belleza, a través de diferentes conductas y comportamientos, que en último término pueden transformarse en trastornos de conducta alimentaria. Los jóvenes universitarios sometidos a los cambios propios de la juventud y de la transición universitaria, son un grupo de población especialmente vulnerable. Objetivo: El objetivo del estudio consistió en describir la percepción de la imagen corporal (PIC) de estudiantes universitarios en Navarra. Método: Se incluyeron 1.162 participantes de entre 17 y 35 años, que respondieron a un cuestionario de autocumplimentación anónimo y firmaron un consentimiento informado para someterse a mediciones antropométricas que permitieron calcular el índice de masa corporal. Para conocer la percepción de imagen corporal, los sujetos eligieron de entre 9 siluetas de hombres y mujeres, aquella con la que mejor se identificaban. Resultados: El 55,6% de los estudiantes tuvo una percepción de imagen corporal que no se correspondía con la realidad. Sobreestimando su índice de masa corporal el 9,7% de los hombres y el 58,1% de las mujeres. Discusión: Un alto porcentaje de universitarios tenían una percepción de imagen corporal que no se correspondía con la realidad, mostrando la preocupación de este grupo de población por su imagen corporal. Se identificaron más casos de alteración de la percepción de imagen corporal en mujeres, que en general sobreestimaban su índice de masa corporal. En los hombres, la tendencia era a subestimarlo. Coincidiendo con otras investigaciones, el sobrepeso/obesidad influye en la PIC. Los estudiantes más corpulentos, de ambos sexos, tendían a subestimar su índice de masa corporal.

  9. La neorruralidad y sus significados. El caso de Navarra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rivera, María Jesús

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines some of the meanings that are sometimes neglected under the generic term of neorurality. From our point of view, moving one’s home from town to countryside is not solely a change of house, but a life venture, bringing together social representations of the rural and the urban, of country life and the urban lifestyle. In the case of people who have moved from Pamplona (county town of Navarre, a northern region of Spain to any rural area of Navarre, these representations, along with the broad heterogeneity of underlying reasons and expectations for the future, have shaped three different types of neo-rurality. They represent, somehow, three ways of constructing differing rural spaces (and ruralities. The paper analyses these types of neo-ruralities and the significance of the move for the migrants in the context of Navarre. To do this, we analyse the discourse expressed in diverse indepth interviews conducted with people who have identified themselves as urban-to-rural migrants.

    El presente artículo tiene como objetivo indagar en los significados que se esconden tras el concepto paraguas de neorruralidad. El cambio residencial de la ciudad al campo es concebido aquí no sólo como un cambio de vivienda, sino como una apuesta vital en la que confluyen una serie de representaciones sociales sobre lo rural y lo urbano, sobre la vida en el pueblo y la vida en la ciudad. En el caso de quienes abandonaron Pamplona e instalaron su hogar en un pueblo de Navarra, estas representaciones y la heterogeneidad de expectativas de futuro subyacentes conforman tres tipos de neorruralidad diferentes que representan, a su vez, distintos modos de construir espacios rurales (y ruralidades diferenciados, más o menos divergentes. A través del discurso expresado en una serie de entrevistas en profundidad, realizadas a personas que se autoidentificaban como migrantes urbano-rurales, exploramos estos tres tipos de neorruralidad y el sentido

  10. La “botiga” del hierro. Fiscalidad y producción industrial en Navarra (1362-1404

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    Mugueta Moreno, Iñigo

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The development of the iron industry in the north region of the Kingdom of Navarre was recorded in the fiscal accounts of the royal administration since the second half of the XIII century. However, the Kingdom of Navarre, will not look at this industrial development as a fiscal resource until the second half of the XIV century, with Charles II. The growing needs of his political strategies forced him to increase the fiscal pressure on his citizens, specially since 1362, in the uptake of indirect taxation. The disposed actions of this King will lead him to significantly increase the income earned on the iron industry: first, he seized lordships that were rich in mineral resources and forestry; later he developed a complex tax policy, which even led him to create a monopoly on the iron production in the Kingdom since 1376.

    El origen de la actividad siderúrgica en el norte de Navarra se detecta en los libros de cuentas de la administración real a partir de la segunda mitad del siglo XIII. Sin embargo, no será hasta la segunda mitad del siglo XIV cuando los reyes de Navarra (en concreto Carlos II, vea en este desarrollo industrial una fuente de recursos fiscales. Las crecientes necesidades de sus estrategias políticas le llevaron a un incremento de la presión fiscal sobre sus súbditos, con un especial énfasis desde 1362 en la captación de impuestos indirectos. La acción decidida de este monarca le permitió aumentar notablemente los ingresos percibidos sobre la industria siderúrgica, primero tras la incautación de señoríos nobiliarios ricos en recursos mineros y forestales, y más tarde por medio del desarrollo de un complejo programa fiscal, que incluyó la creación de un monopolio sobre la producción de hierro en el reino desde 1376.

  11. La legislación sobre Escuelas de Primeras Letras y su administración en Navarra durante la segunda mitad del siglo XVIII

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    Javier Laspalas

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se centra en un tema poco investigado: la política de la educación bajo el Antiguo Régimen. La existencia de la política educativa en la Europa preliberal ha sido por lo general ignorada, probablemente debido a la escasez de fuentes. Sin embargo, tal política existió de hecho, aunque fue muy peculiar y en buena medida contradice los presupuestos de los que se parte hoy en día en la planificación educativa. Con el fin de superar la escasez de fuentes, nos hemos centrado en una región española y en un tínico nivel de enseñanza: las escuelas de primeras letras. Además, hemos intentado sacar partido de los archivos locales, en particular del fondo de procesos del Real Consejo del Antiguo Reyno de Navarra. Los documentos hallados confirman la existencia de una administración educativa, de carácter informal y bastante rudimentario, instaurada por el Real Consejo de Navarra. Sin embargo, la dirección de las escuelas seguía recayendo en los ayuntamientos, ya que éstos podían elegir, nombrar y pagar a sus maestros. Además, las leyes les reconocían el derecho de cerrar las escuelas privadas, con el objetivo de incrementar los ingresos de los maestros municipales

  12. QUALITY AUDIT AS A SERVICE IN THE INSPECTORATE OF EDUCATION OF NAVARRA

    OpenAIRE

    Joseba Ozkoidi Pérez; Andoni Albeniz Bratos

    2014-01-01

    Public policies in many countries drive towards improving both school performance and autonomy, besides accountability. Among the main issues insisted upon are school management and functioning, which are linked to educational leadership. To attain this purpose, many schools implement certified management systems leading in turn to external recognition. In Navarra, after experiencing with the ISO 9001 and EFQM models, the Department of Education resolved to create its own quality management s...

  13. Los hijos como víctimas: el infanticidio en Navarra (siglos XVI-XVII

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    Mikel Berraondo Piudo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El fenómeno de la violencia interpersonal ha resultado muy atractivo para los histo-riadores interesados tanto en la cultura popular como en el proceso de formación del estado moderno. De entre todos los casos de violencia, el infanticidio fue uno de los más duramente perseguidos por la justicia, y produjo actitudes en la comunidad que abarcaban desde la incredulidad hasta el desprecio por aquellas mujeres que cometían un acto atroz. También el derecho canónico intervino, condenando duramente a los infanticidas mediante la teología moral. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar este fenó-meno en la Navarra moderna, comparando los resultados obtenidos con otros lugares de Europa. Navarra, pequeño reino fronterizo, nos permite acercarnos al estudio del infanticidio desde múltiples puntos de vista, aprovechando la documentación conservada en el Archivo General de Navarra, y analizarlo desde un punto de vista tanto cuantitativo como cualitativo.

  14. Epilepsia infantil en Navarra Epilepsy in children in Navarre

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    T. Durá

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. Calcular la incidencia anual de epilepsia, así como la distribución relativa de los distintos tipos de epilepsias y síndromes epilépticos en la población infantil. Material y métodos. Se han registrado de manera prospectiva todos los pacientes menores de 15 años diagnosticados de epilepsia y residentes en Navarra entre enero de 2003 y diciembre de 2005. De cada paciente se recogieron datos epidemiológicos, clínicos y exámenes complementarios. Los criterios diagnósticos aplicados fueron los de la International League Againts Epilepsy (ILAE. Resultados. Fueron diagnosticados 142 casos nuevos de epilepsia (18 lactantes, 47 preescolares, 39 escolares y 38 adolescentes. La incidencia anual era de 62,1 casos por 100.000 (95% CI: 61,6-62,6, con una máxima incidencia en el primer año de vida (103,9/100.000 para luego ir disminuyendo gradualmente hasta la adolescencia (50,4/100.000. El 57% de los pacientes presentaban epilepsias focales, el 41,5% generalizadas y el 1,4% de localización indeterminada. En los lactantes, el síndrome de West (44,4% y las epilepsias asociadas a síndromes específicos (27,7% eran los síndromes epilépticos más prevalentes. En los preescolares, lo eran las epilepsias focales criptogénicas (25,5% o sintomáticas (21,3%. En los escolares, las epilepsias focales idiopáticas (25,6% o criptogénicas (20,5% y las ausencias (17,9%. Y en los adolescentes, las epilepsias focales criptogénicas (21,1% o idiopáticas (18,4%. Conclusiones. La incidencia anual de la epilepsia infantil en nuestro medio coincide con la descrita en los países occidentales (62,1 casos/100.000. Los datos publicados respecto a la frecuencia relativa de las epilepsias y síndromes epilépticos son muy discordantes, lo que advierte de la complejidad del diagnóstico sindrómico en la infancia y de la necesidad de aplicar criterios uniformes en orden a disponer de datos epidemiológicos válidos y comparables.Background. To estimate

  15. Genetic diversity, structure and individual assignment of Casta Navarra cattle: a well-differentiated fighting bull population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanz, A; Martin-Burriel, I; Cons, C; Reta, M; Poblador, A; Rodellar, C; Zaragoza, P

    2014-02-01

    The Casta Navarra lineage was one of the populations used to establish the fighting bull (FB) breed, and it has also been reproductively isolated from the others FBs. A total of 1284 individuals from two generations of 16 Casta Navarra herds were sampled to analyse their diversity, their genetic structure and the ability of 28 microsatellite markers to assign individuals to closely related populations. These animals were compared with closely related phylogenetic (FB) or geographical (Pirenaica and Monchina) populations. Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium analysis showed that 82% of the loci had a significant heterozygote deficit as a consequence of the Wahlund effect. The average proportion of genetic variation explained by farm differences was 9% by Wright's FST index. A phylogenetic tree constructed with a neighbour-joining method based on Reynolds genetic distances and a Bayesian Markov chain Monte Carlo clustering approach revealed clear differences between farm groups that generally corresponded to historical information and could unambiguously differentiate Casta Navarra cattle from the other populations. The percentage of animals correctly assigned to the Casta Navarra population was 91.78% for a q threshold of >0.9. Admixture was only detected in 4.45% (q < 0.8) of the cattle. These results are relevant for the maintenance and development of diversity and conservation in the Casta Navarra population.

  16. El Programa Dental de Atención Infantil (PADI de Navarra y del País Vasco: logros y nuevas metas The Infant Oral Care Program (PADI of Navarra and the Basque Country: achievements and new goals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.M. Freire

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo analiza brevemente los resultados del Programa de Atención Dental Infantil (PADI del País Vasco (1990 y Navarra (1991 dirigido a niños de 6 a 15 años. A los 12 años, la ausencia de caries pasó en el País Vasco del 31 % en 1988 al 57 % en 1998, siendo del 58 % en Navarra (1997; el número de caries se redujo en Navarra en un 64 %, y un 54% en el País Vasco, y el índice de restauración fue del 81 % en Navarra y del 73 % en el País Vasco (era 17 % en 1988. Se destaca la importancia de una buena evaluación de estos programas y las oportunidades que abre el análisis comparado entre las comunidades autónomas españolas, para analizar la contribución de factores que son distintos, y valorar el impacto de los programas en las desigualdades sociales en salud. Los resultados del PADI superan los objetivos iniciales de los Planes de Salud de Navarra (1991 y del País Vasco (1990 y avalan la adopción de estos programas por parte de comunidades autónomas españolas. El desarrollo de estos programas plantea nuevos objetivos en la política de salud dental de Navarra y del País Vasco y, sobre todo, obliga a reflexionar sobre la necesidad de que España incluya la salud pública dental en su política de salud y de que el Sistema Nacional de Salud en su conjunto incluya los servicios dentales dentro de sus prestaciones.This paper briefly analyses the results of the Infant Dental Care Program (PADI of the Basque Country (1990 and Navarra (1991, aimed at children aged from 6 and 15 years. At the age 12, the lack of caries rose from 31% in 1988 to 57% in 1998 in the Basque Country, while it was 58% in Navarra (1997; the number of caries fell in Navarra by some 64% and by some 54% in the Basque Country, and the index of restoration was 81% in Navarra and 73% in the Basque Country (it was 17% in 1988. Emphasis is placed on the importance of a good evaluation of these programs and the opportunities that are opened up by the comparative

  17. Restos de quelonios del Mioceno medio del área de Tarazona de Aragón (Cuenca del Ebro, Aragón, España

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    Astibia, H.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available In this work, turtle remains are described from the Middle-Upper Aragonian sites of Monteagudo, Tarazona de Aragón, El Buste and La Ciesma. The chelonian assemblage is compared with that found in older sites from the same area of the Ebro basin. The differences with the Lower Miocene (biozones Z-A of Bardenas Reales (Navarra could be attributed to either or both the diverse sedimentary environment and to the changes in relative humidity and temperature occurred during the Early-Middle Miocene.En este trabajo se realiza la descripción de los fósiles de tortuga encontrados en los yacimientos del Aragoniense medio-superior de Monteagudo, Tarazona de Aragón, El Buste y La Ciesma. Además, se ha comparado la asociación paleoquelionológica descrita en estas localidades con la descrita en localidades más antiguas del mismo sector de la Cuenca del Ebro. La diferencia entre la asociación de la Biozona Z-A de las Bardenas Reales de Navarra y la descrita en el resto de las localidades puede deberse al medio sedimentario y/o a los cambios de humedad y temperatura relativas acaecidos a lo largo del Mioceno inferior-medio.

  18. Soil Properties Database of Spanish Soils. Volume XIII.- Navarra and La Rioja; Base de Datos de Propiedades Edafologicas de los Suelos Espanoles. Volumen XIII.- Navarra y La Rioja

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trueba, C.; Millan, R.; Schmid, T.; Lago, C.; Roquero, C.; Magister, M. [Ciemat, Madrid (Spain)

    2000-07-01

    The soil vulnerability determines the sensitivity of the soil after an accidental radioactive contamination due to Cs-137 and Sr-90. The Departamento de Impacto Ambiental de la Energia of CIEMAT is carrying out an assessment of the radiological vulnerability of the different Spanish soils found on the Iberian Peninsula. This requires the knowledge of the soil properties for the various types of existing soils. In order to achieve this aim, a bibliographical compilation of soil profiles has been made to characterize the different soil types and create a database of their properties. depending on the year of publication and the type of documentary source the information prior to its incorporation to the database. This volume presents the criteria applied to normalize and process the data as well as the soil properties of the various soil types belonging to the Comunidades Autonomas of Navarra and La Rioja. (Author) 46 refs.

  19. Comunidad y cencerrada en el control de la vida matrimonial: Navarra siglos XVI-XVII

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    Javier Ruiz Astiz

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available La cencerrada actuó durante la Edad Moderna como un mecanismo cultural destina-do a sancionar las prácticas desviadas y nocivas que atentaban contra el bienestar comunitario. Uno de los comportamientos que fueron per-seguidos por estos juicios de carácter popular fueron los malos tratos en el matrimonio u otras conductas, como el adulterio o el alcoho-lismo. En este artículo se pretende analizar la actitud mostrada por el vecindario en la Navarra de los siglos XVI, XVII, como «guardián» de unos valores comunitarios.

  20. Armeros milaneses en Navarra: la producción de Eugui

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    Godoy, José A.

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1595, Philip II summoned a group of Milanese armourers to settle in Eugui (Navarre. Their main work was produced under Philip III. This paper studies these armourers, their trademarks. creations, working conditions and relationships.

    Felipe II ordenó en 1595 el establecimiento en Eugui (Navarra de un grupo de armeros milaneses especializados en el arte de la armadura. Las principales obras se produjeron sin embargo durante el reinado de Felipe III. Se estudia detenidamente la manufactura de Eugui, sus marcas, obras, las circunstancias de sus trabajos y sus relaciones laborales.

  1. Estudio descriptivo de la transexualidad en Navarra Descriptive study of transexuality in Navarre

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    V. Basterra

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. La transexualidad ha sido reconocida en Navarra como una entidad clínica que debe ser atendida de forma multidisciplinar dentro del Servicio Navarro de Salud. Métodos. Se analizan los datos epidemiológicos de 35 sujetos que han acudido a la Unidad Navarra de Transexuales e Intersexos (UNATI desde abril de 2011. Se recogen variables relacionadas con parámetros sociodemográficos, transexualidad y tratamiento. Resultados. La edad media es de 37,3 años. El 65,7% de los sujetos nacieron en España. El 71,4% de los usuarios son transexuales femeninas. Actualmente el 62,9% de los sujetos reciben tratamiento hormonal. Entre las transexuales femeninas el 20% se han sometido a mamoplastia, el 4% a vaginoplastia y el 20% a ambas intervenciones. De los transexuales masculinos el 10% se ha realizado una mastectomía, el 10% una histerectomía con doble anexectomía y el 60% ambas intervenciones. Conclusiones. La mayor parte de los transexuales de Navarra están siendo valorados en UNATI. Han acudido más transexuales femeninas que masculinos. Las transexuales femeninas se someten con mayor frecuencia a cirugía de reasignación y los masculinos a cirugía extirpativa.Background. Transexuality has been recognized in Navarre as a clinical entity that must be attended to in a multidisciplinary form in the Navarre Health Service. Methods. An analysis was made of the epidemiological data of 35 subjects who have attended the Navarre Transexual and Intersex Unit (UNATI. Unidad Navarra de Transexuales e Intersexos since April 2011. The variables related to socio-demographic parameters, transexuality and treatment were collected. Results. The average age was 37.3 years. Sixty-five point seven percent of the subjects were born in Spain. Seventy-one point four percent of the users are feminine transsexuals. At present 62.9% of the subjects are receiving hormonal treatment. Amongst the feminine transexuals 20% have had a mamoplasty, 4% have had a

  2. La Edad del Hierro y sus precedentes, en Alava y Navarra.

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    Armando Llanos

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available Se trata de una puesta al día del proceso de formación del poblamiento de Alava y Navarra durante algo más de un milenio a.C. Durante el Bronce Medio/Final y Edad del Hierro. La secuencia se establece dividiéndola en cuatro etapas: Inicial, de Ocupación,de Consolidación y residual. También se vierten algunas conclusiones en forma de síntesis sobre aspectos concretos. El trabajo se introduce con una exposición sobre la historia de las investigaciones en torno a este tema.

  3. Estudio de las ectomicorrizas en una trufera cultivada situada en Olóriz (Navarra).

    OpenAIRE

    Etayo, M.L. (M. L.); Miguel Velasco, A.M. (Ana Maria) de

    1998-01-01

    En el presente trabajo se aportan los resultados obtenidos en el estudio de las ectomicorrizas presentes en una trufera cultivada situada en Olóriz (Navarra), plantada con árboles (encinas, robles y avellanos) micorrizados por la trufa negra Tuber melanosporum Vitt, a partir de los muéstreos realizados estacionalmente en primavera y otoño durante los años 1996 y 1997. Se han clasificado un total de 7 tipos micorrícicos, en 5 de los cuales se ha identificado el simbionte fúng...

  4. Banco de hueso de la Clínica Universitaria de Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Cañadell, J.M. (J. M.); Cornejo, F

    1987-01-01

    Describimos el Banco de hueso de la Clínica Universitaria de Navarra, con sus tres unidades: - Congelador eléctrico (-40°). - Congelador de nitrógeno líquido (-197°). - Programador de descenso de temperatura. La primera unidad es utilizada para la conservación del hueso esponjoso durante un tiempo limitado; la segunda unidad permite la conservación de injertos corticales, de forma indefinida; la tercera, permite el descenso lento de la temperatura para conservar la viabilidad del...

  5. El proceso de reforma administrativa de la renta del Tabaco en Navarra durante el siglo XVIII

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    Sergio Solbes Ferri

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo está centrado en la evolución de la gestión administrativa del monopolio fiscal del tabaco en Navarra durante la centuria dieciochesca. Su inicio se sitúa en el arrendamiento del estanco en 1717 por el Gobierno central a la Hacienda foral de Navarra -propietaria del mismo desde su creación en 1642- y analiza las sucesivas fases a través de las cuáles dicha administración central fue progresivamente adquiriendo el control absoluto de la renta en este territorio.The present paper is specially based in the evolution of the administration of the tobacco state monopoly in the Kingdom of Navarre during the eighteen century. We start in the lease of the income in 1717 to his old owner (the Foral Administration since 1642 and analyse the following phases through the Central Government was getting the control of the monopoly in this territory.

  6. Vigilancia epidemiológica de las infecciones por el VIH/sida en Navarra entre 1985 y 2002 Epidemiological surveillance of HIV/Aids infections in Navarra between 1985 and 2002

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    C Moreno

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available En el año 1985 se diagnosticaron en Navarra los primeros casos de sida. Desde entonces y hasta diciembre de 2002 según las notificaciones recibidas se han contabilizado 2.329 personas con infección por VIH, de las que 1.538 eran de Navarra y 791 residentes temporales en esta comunidad autónoma. La incidencia de nuevos diagnósticos de infección por VIH y casos de sida muestran una clara tendencia descendente en Navarra en los últimos años. La disminución de casos ha sido muy importante entre los usuarios de drogas de inyección, mientras que los casos entre los homo/bisexuales y los casos relacionados con la transmisión heterosexual se mantienen bastante estables. En el período 1999-2002, los casos de infección a través de una relación sexual son más numerosos que los casos registrados en usuarios de drogas de inyección. La proporción de casos en personas originarias de países de alta endemia está aumentando, llegando a suponer en torno al 25% de los nuevos casos de infección en el período 2000-2002. El seguimiento de los 1.538 pacientes VIH de Navarra ha mostrado que a finales del 2002, en el 39,5% se había registrado el fallecimiento y en el 55% se pudo constatar que seguían vivos. En cuanto a su relación con los servicios asistenciales, se ha encontrado que de los 847 pacientes que continúan vivos, una gran mayoría (80% están siendo atendidos por el Servicio de Infecciosas del Hospital de Navarra y otro 9,4% en los Servicios de Medicina Interna de los Hospitales García Orcoyen y Reina Sofía.In the year 1985, the first cases of Aids were diagnosed in Navarra. Since then and until December 2002, according to the notifications received, 2,329 persons with HIV have been counted, of whom 1,538 were from Navarra and 791 temporary residents in this autonomous community. In recent years, the incidence of new diagnoses of HIV infection and cases of Aids has shown a clear tendency to fall in Navarra. The decrease in cases

  7. QUALITY AUDIT AS A SERVICE IN THE INSPECTORATE OF EDUCATION OF NAVARRA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseba Ozkoidi Pérez

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Public policies in many countries drive towards improving both school performance and autonomy, besides accountability. Among the main issues insisted upon are school management and functioning, which are linked to educational leadership. To attain this purpose, many schools implement certified management systems leading in turn to external recognition. In Navarra, after experiencing with the ISO 9001 and EFQM models, the Department of Education resolved to create its own quality management system, the SGCC 2013, whose certification corresponds to the Inspectorate of Education. This constitutes an act of great significance, given its influence on the processes of teaching and learning. All inspectors participate in the auditing processes aimed at adding value to the school's dynamic of continuous improvement. Inspectors also collaborate in the EFQM assessment of the Excellence Award.

  8. Crisis económica y cambios en las relaciones industriales. El caso de Navarra

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    Esther Casares García

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Desde un punto de vista de la Sociología, las crisis entrañan cambios y, en general, cambios positivos. En Navarra se observen claros síntomas de que la crisis ha tocado fondo y comienza la etapa de la recuperación. Los sindicatos han tenido que negociar y gestionar situaciones muy complicadas. Las mismas empresas, ante la grave problemática que suponía el despido, han estado abiertas a nuevas soluciones. Los Jefes/Directores de Recursos Humanos han jugado un papel que les ha dado un protagonismo nuevo. Descubrir los cambios, medir su intensidad y la dirección de los mismos es lo que pretende el presente estudio.

  9. Icnitas de artiodactilos (Mammalia del Paleogeno de Olcoz (Depresion del Ebro, Navarra

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    Murelaga, X.

    1994-04-01

    Full Text Available A group of fossil mammal ichnites from the proximity of the town of Olcoz (Navarra, Ebro Basin is described herein. The tracks occur on sandstone beds of the Mués Formation of Suevian (Early Oligocene age. Owing to their morphology these ichnites have been assigned to artiodactyl mammals and can be compared to Entelodontipus forms. Moreover, this represents the second known finding of this ichnogenus. Among the tracks of this deposit there is a significant heterogeneity which is due to the variable penetration and displacement of the autopodes on the substrate. On Olcoz the presence of abundant ichnites that follow subparallel tracks allows the establishment of the gregarious behaviour of the producers of such tracks.Se describe un conjunto de icnitas fósiles de mamíferos ubicado en los alrededores de la localidad navarra de Olcoz (Depresión del Ebro. Las huellas se localizan en niveles areniscosos de la «Formación de Mués», de posible edad Sueviense (Oligoceno inferior. Por su morfología pueden asignarse a mamíferos artiodáctilos y resultan comparables a Entelodontipus, constituyendo este hallazgo una segunda cita para dicho icnogénero. En este yacimiento se constata una notable variabilidad morfológica de las huellas, resultado de la distinta penetración y desplazamiento de los autópodos en el sustrato. La presencia en Olcoz de numerosas icnitas formando rastros subparalelos permite inferir el comportamiento gregario de sus productores.

  10. Entre dos expulsiones: musulmanes y moriscos en Navarra (1516-1610

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    Usunáriz, Jesús M.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available There is a general lack of studies on the Muslim population of the kingdom of Navarre or its relations with other Morisco communities in the bordering territories of Castile and Aragon after the decree of 1516 which dictated expulsion or forced conversion. This article focuses on three stages of the Christian-Morisco conflict: firstly, that of the conversion or expulsion of the Mudejars (1516 and, in particular, the problems deriving from issues of landed property; secondly, the Granadan Morisco revolt of the Alpujarras (1568-1570 and the subsequent collective fear which gripped the Navarran towns and villages on the border with Aragon; and finally, it covers the general expulsion of 1609-1614, when Navarre became a place of passage for those who were banished.

    Después del decreto de expulsión o conversión forzosa de población musulmana en Navarra (1516 apenas contamos con estudios sobre la población morisca en el reino o sobre sus relaciones con otras comunidades moriscas en los territorios fronterizos de Castilla y Aragón. Este artículo se centra en tres etapas del conflicto cristiano-morisco: la primera, la de la conversión o expulsión de los mudéjares (1516, y en especial los problemas derivados de la propiedad de las tierras; la segunda relacionada con la rebelión de las Alpujarras de los moriscos granadinos (1568-1570 y el miedo colectivo que afectó a los pueblos navarros de la frontera con Aragón; y, finalmente, la expulsión general (1609-1614, cuando Navarra fue lugar de paso para los desterrados.

  11. Influencia de los tiempos de respuesta prehospitalarios en la supervivencia de los pacientes politraumatizados en Navarra

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    B. Ali Ali

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available La relación entre los tiempos de respuesta y la mortalidad de los pacientes politraumatizados en la denominada "hora de oro" sigue siendo tema de debate. El objetivo del presente estudio es determinar las variables relacionadas con la mortalidad en dichos pacientes y la influencia de los tiempos de respuesta de los Servicios Médicos de Emergencia en dicha mortalidad. Para ello se analizaron los datos del Registro "Major Trauma de Navarra" (cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes politraumatizados atendidos por el sistema sanitario de Navarra durante los cuatro años comprendidos entre 2010 y 2013. De los 217 casos de trauma disponibles para el análisis, fallecieron 42 (19%. En el análisis multivariante no se encontró asociación significativa entre los diferentes tiempos de respuesta y la mortalidad: llegada a la escena (odds ratio (OR 1,0; intervalo de confianza al 95% (IC de 0,99 a 1,01, en el escenario (OR 1,00; IC 95% de 0,98 a 1,02 y tiempo total (OR 1,00; IC 95% de 0,99 a 1,01. Las variables que influyen en la mortalidad son la edad del paciente y la gravedad de las lesiones medidas por el Triage-Revised Trauma Score (T-RTS prehospitalario y el New Injury Severity Score (NISS. La mortalidad de los pacientes politraumatizados atendidos por el sistema de emergencias en nuestra región está influida por la edad, y por la intensidad de la agresión sufrida determinada por el T-RTS prehospitalario y por el NISS. Los tiempos de respuesta prehospitalarios no influyen significativamente.

  12. Myotis alcathoe Helversen and Heller, 2001 y Pipistrellus pygmaeus (Leach, 1825, nuevas especies de quirópteros para Navarra

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    Alcalde, J.T.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En el periodo 1998-2007 se han efectuado diversos muestreos nocturnos de la fauna de los quirópteros de Navarra. Para ello se han utilizado redes finas, trampas de arpa y detectores de ultrasonidos. Además se han realizado análisis de ADN mitocondrial para confirmar algunas determinaciones de especies crípticas. En este trabajo se presentan datos de dos nuevas especies de quirópteros halladas en Navarra : Myotis alcathoe y Pipistrellus pygmaeus. La primera se ha encontrado en bosques húmeods y maduros (robledales y hayedos del norte de la región, donde se ha comprobado su cría. P. pygmaeus se ha localizado disperso por buena parte de Navarra y ligado a zonas de ribera de los principales ríos ; cría en edificios y en grietas de árboles. También se menciona el hallazgo por vez primera, de una hembra albina de esta especie.

  13. Incidencia de la diabetes tipo 1 en Navarra, 2009-2012

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    L. Forga

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: En Europa se ha descrito un gradiente norte-sur en la incidencia de diabetes tipo 1 (DM1, con mayor incidencia en los países del norte. El objetivo del presente trabajo consiste en conocer los datos de incidencia de DM1 en Navarra, sin límite de edad al diagnóstico, durante el período 2009-2012, su distribución geográfica y sus características en cuanto a edad y sexo. Pacientes y métodos: Estudio prospectivo, con una fuente primaria y tres secundarias. La exhaustividad del registro se evaluó mediante el método captura-recaptura y fue del 98,42%. La comparación de la incidencia entre los diferentes grupos de género y edad, se ha realizado estimando la razón de incidencia a partir de métodos de regresión de Poisson. Para comparar las incidencias entre las distintas áreas, se ajustaron los valores obtenidos por el método de estandarización indirecta. Resultados: Se detectaron 216 casos (incidencia: 8,4/100.000 habitantes-año; IC 95%: 7,3-9,5. La incidencia en niños fue mayor que en adultos, aunque el número de debuts fue mayor en mayores de 15 años. El grupo de edad con mayor incidencia fue el de 10 a 14 años; en cambio, el mayor porcentaje de pacientes pertenece al grupo de 15 a 29 años. La incidencia en varones fue mayor que en mujeres. Los valores de incidencia en las 3 regiones del sur tienden a superar la media de la Comunidad. Conclusiones: Navarra presenta una incidencia muy alta de DM1 en niños y adultos de 15 a 29 años. La DM1 predomina en varones y muestra cierta variabilidad geográfica.

  14. Situación de las Enfermedades de Declaración Obligatoria (EDO en Navarra: 2002 Diseases of Compulsory Notification (DCN in Navarra: 2002

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    M. Urtiaga

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Desde 1998, el Sistema de Vigilancia Epidemiológica de Navarra comprende la notificación de 34 enfermedades transmisibles infecciosas a las que se añaden los brotes epidémicos de cualquier etiología y causa. La declaración al sistema se realiza de forma semanal por todo médico que sospeche o diagnostique cualquiera de estos procesos. En nuestra comunidad, las Enfermedades de Declaración Obligatoria (EDO se notifican en impresos normalizados y con periodicidad semanal a la Sección de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Control de Brotes del Instituto de Salud Pública. La declaración la efectúan todos los médicos y/o pediatras de Atención Primaria y de determinados servicios de Asistencia Especializada. Posteriormente, la información se envía al Centro Nacional de Epidemiología donde se centralizan y difunden los datos de las Comunidades Autónomas. Con el año 2002, se cumplen cinco años del nuevo Sistema de Vigilancia Epidemiológica de Navarra. En estos 5 años se han notificado 74.814 declaraciones de enfermedad, 17.184 en el año 2002, lo que arroja para este año un porcentaje de declaración de 74,07%. En el año 2002, en lo que respecta a la rúbrica de enfermedades de transmisión respiratoria, se han notificado 24.870 casos de gripe, Índice Epidémico (IE: 0,80. En las nueve primeras semanas del año se notificaron el 58% de los casos correspondientes al año completo, con un máximo en la semana 4 con 3.277 casos notificados. Se notificaron al sistema 16 casos de Enfermedad Meningocócica (IE: 1,07. Todos ellos fueron confirmados microbiológicamente, presentándose asimismo de manera esporádica. Respecto al serogrupo causal, en 12 ocasiones se aisló Neisseria meningitidis serogrupo B y en las cuatro restantes se aisló el serogrupo C. Un caso se notificó en menores de 2 años (Tasa: 10,52 casos por 100.000 habitantes, otro caso en niños de 2 a 5 años (5,52 casos por 100.000, cinco casos en el grupo de edad de 6 a 19 a

  15. El Congreso médico-regional de Navarra (1886) un ejemplo de la transmisión del conocimiento científico

    OpenAIRE

    Leon-Sanz, P. (Pilar)

    2009-01-01

    La última ola epidémica del cólera en Navarra (1884-1885) es la menos estudiada porque apenas afectó a Pamplona, el núcleo urbano más importante de la región, pero creó una situación crítica en otras áreas como la Ribera. Fundamento. El "Congreso médico-regional de Navarra" celebrado en Tafalla (Navarra), en 1886, se convocó para estudiar la epidemia de cólera de 1885 en la región. El interés de esta reunión científica estriba en la actitud de los médicos ante el desarrollo de la microbiol...

  16. SALMONELOSIS NO TIFOIDEA EN UN ÁREA DE SALUD DE NAVARRA, ESPAÑA

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    Alberto Gil Setas

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: La gastroenteritis por Salmonella es una zoonosis que se transmite por la ingesti n de alimentos, agua o fomites contaminados por las heces de un animal o persona infectados y constituye una pandemia de distribuci n mundial. El objetivo del trabajo ha sido el estudio de la evoluci n de la salmonelosis no tifoidea en el rea de Salud I de Navarra (376.079 habitantes. M todo: Se analizaron retrospectivamente 39.697 coprocultivos extrahospitalarios realizados durante 1993-2000. Para el aislamiento de enteropat genos bacterianos se emplearon m todos convencionales. Las cepas de Salmonella spp fueron serotipificadas. Otras variables estudiadas fueron edad, sexo, fecha de aislamiento y sensibilidad a antimicrobianos. Resultados: Se aislaron 2.924 Salmonella spp (7,4%. El serotipo m s frecuente fue Salmonella Enteritidis (62%. La tasa de mayor incidencia se dio en la edad pedi trica y especialmente en los menores de 1 a o (1.117,3 100.000 habitantes. El serotipo Typhimurium fue globalmente m s resistente que el serotipo Enteritidis, aunque en ambos se ha constatado con el tiempo un aumento de las resistencias. Conclusiones: a pesar de las mejoras socioecon micas y de la calidad de vida, la gastroenteritis por Salmonella spp ha ido en aumento en los ltimos a os, afectando sobre todo a los ni os m s peque os y constituyendo un importante problema de salud p blica.

  17. Evolución de las temperaturas medias recientes en Navarra

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    Javier M. Pejenaute Goñi

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Se trata del análisis estadístico de las temperaturas medias en las tres comarcas navarras más representativas en el período 1941- 97, para ver hasta qué punto se está dando un incremento térmico en los últimos años. Se estudia la homogeneidad, centralidad, dispersión y variabilidad, frecuencia y probabilidad, y organización y aleatoriedad de tres series cronológicas. Finalmente se analizan los períodos distintos que se dan dentro de las temperaturas medias, el grado de correlación y la tendencia futura anual y estacional mediante el estudio del coeficiente de correlación y la recta de regresión lineal.This study shows the statistical analysis of the average temperatures in the three most representative Navarrese regions between 1941 and 1997 to observe to what extent there has been a thermic rise in recent years. Homogeneity, centrality, dispersión and variability, frequency and probability and organizaron and randomness are studied in three chronological series. Finally, the different periods among the average temperatures, the degree of correlation and the future annual and seasonal tendency are analyzed through the study of the correlation coefficient and the linear regression line.

  18. Wind farms and mires in the Basque Country and north-west Navarra, Spain

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    P. Heras

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Mires occur in the Basque Country and north-west Navarra (northern Spain due to the Atlantic influence on climate. They are most frequent in the north and become rarer to the south. True peatland is found at only six locations, but there are also some para-peaty habitats associated with springs and flushes which have very thin discontinuous peat layers. Although small, this mire territory straddles the boundary between two separate autonomous communities where different regulations and management guidelines apply. Both communities have developed extensive plans to exploit wind energy, and the summit ridges of many of the mountain ranges now carry long strings of turbines. Consequences for the Basque and Navarran mire ecosystems are reviewed. Because little is known about these habitats, they went largely unnoticed during the process of wind farm planning and were thus exposed to enormous risk. Nonetheless, the impacts of development so far have been limited by careful practice combined with the fact that the locations of most of the mires do not coincide exactly with the favoured locations for wind turbines. The only blanket bog is situated in the Zalama area, where plans to build a wind farm have been abandoned for a combination of reasons. Paradoxically, the wind farm planning process was instrumental in raising social and political awareness of this important peatland, leading to a very promising level of interest in its conservation and restoration amongst local institutions.

  19. Biocontrol de la deposición atmosférica de metales pesados en Navarra (España) mediante musgos terrestres

    OpenAIRE

    1997-01-01

    Con el fin de estudiar la deposición atmosférica de metales pesados en Navarra (España), se han analizado los contenidos en Al, As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb y Zn en muestras de Hypnum cupressiforme Hedw., Scleropodium purum (Hedw.) Limpr., Hylocomium splendens (Hedw.) B., S. & G.. Thuidium tamariscinum (Hedw.) B., S. & G. y Pleurozium schreberi (Brid.) Mitt. recolectadas en 17 localidades repartidas por toda la provincia de Navarra. Los datos obtenidos están en el rango de otros ...

  20. Biocontrol de la deposición atmosférica de metales pesados en Navarra (España) mediante musgos terrestres

    OpenAIRE

    1997-01-01

    Con el fin de estudiar la deposición atmosférica de metales pesados en Navarra (España), se han analizado los contenidos en Al, As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, y Zn en muestras de Hypnum cupressiforme Hedw., Scleropodium purum (Hedw.) Limpr., Hylocomium splendens (hedw.) B., S. and G., THuidium tamariscinum (Hedw.) B., S. and G. y Pleurozium schereberi (Brid.) Mitt. recolectadas en 17 localidades repatidas por toda la provincia de Navarra. Los datos obtenidos están en el rango de otros co...

  1. Desigualdades en mortalidad prematura según indicadores de bienestar material en Navarra: estudio poblacional de seguimiento 2001-2008

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    E. Miqueleiz

    Full Text Available Fundamento. Mostrar las desigualdades en mortalidad prematura según indicadores de bienestar material en Navarra. Método. Todos los ciudadanos menores de 75 años residentes en Navarra en 2001 fueron seguidos durante 7 años para conocer su estado vital. El indicador de posición socioeconómica usado ha sido la superficie de la casa y el número de vehículos del hogar. Se han estimado las tasas de mortalidad general y por causa de muerte ajustadas por edad según estos indicadores. Resultados. La razón de tasas por todas las causas de muerte en las categorías inferiores es según la superficie de la vivienda de 1,14 (IC 95%: 1,05-1,24 y 1,25 (IC 95%: 1,18-1,32 en mujeres y hombres respectivamente y de 1,46 (IC 95%: 1,36-1,57 y 1,97 (IC 95%: 1,89-2,05 según el número de vehículos. El sida es la causa de muerte que presenta una mayor diferencia en las tasas de mortalidad entre las personas con menor y mayor bienestar material. Otras causas de muerte con elevada diferencia en las tasas de mortalidad son las enfermedades digestivas y la diabetes mellitus en mujeres y las enfermedades del aparato digestivo y respiratorio en hombres. Conclusiones. La tasa de mortalidad en la población navarra muestra un gradiente inverso con el bienestar material, a excepción de algunas localizaciones de cáncer. Este gradiente es mayor entre los hombres que entre las mujeres.

  2. Vigilancia epidemiológica de las enfermedades transmisibles en Navarra, 2006 Epidemiology of notifiable diseases in Navarre, 2006

    OpenAIRE

    Castilla, J.; M. García Cenoz; F. Irisarri; Núñez, J.; Zabala, A.; Barricarte, A.

    2007-01-01

    La vigilancia epidemiológica en Navarra (601.874 habitantes) en 2006 comprende 34 enfermedades de declaración obligatoria y los brotes epidémicos. La declaración es efectuada semanalmente por los médicos de pediatría, atención primaria y asistencia especializada, ante la sospecha de estos procesos, y se completa con los diagnósticos microbiológicos. En 2006 la incidencia de gripe alcanzó 16,8 casos por 1000 habitantes (índice epidémico, IE:0,46), presentando una onda estacional tardía (marzo)...

  3. Influencia del bilingüismo en el aprendizaje de un tercer idioma en estudiantes de secundaria en Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Ayala-Maya, Andoni G.

    2013-01-01

    A lo largo del presente trabajo se aborda el tema de la influencia de diversos factores sobre el aprendizaje de idiomas en escolares. Más concretamente, el estudio se centra en estudiantes de 2º de bachillerato del área metropolitana de Pamplona (Navarra) y en el aprendizaje de inglés. En cuanto a las influencias, se analizan cinco factores, como son la inteligencia general, la inteligencia lingüística, la motivación, la formación de los padres y el bilingüismo del alumno, aunque poniendo esp...

  4. La percepción subjetiva del crimen en el territorio foral de Navarra: una mirada policial

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    Ibáñez García, Andoni

    2015-01-01

    En este estudio se intenta clarificar la percepción subjetiva sobre diferentes aspectos relacionados con el crimen en la Comunidad Foral de Navarra, y desde la perspectiva policial. Para ello, se ha procedido la realización de entrevistas a los diferentes comisarios de investigación criminal de aquellos cuerpos policiales que operan en dicho territorio, es decir, Policía Foral, Cuerpo Nacional de Policía y Guardia Civil. Además, se pretende ofrecer una dimensión cuantitativa a ...

  5. El arte esquemático en Val de Etxauri (Navarra). Nuevas aportaciones y valoración general.

    OpenAIRE

    Javier NUIN

    2009-01-01

    En el Valle de Etxauri (Navarra), hay varios yacimientos que presentan arte potpaleolítico, de estilo esquemático (Abrigo de la Peña del Cantero I y II y una laja suelta de la Cueva de Legin). Informo ahora de la existencia de una cueva con el mismo estilo de arte (Cueva de Ciriza), realizando a su vez una valoración general sobre los motivos, temas técnicas y cronología (Edad del Bronce o Hierro Inicial) del arte postpaleolítico del valle.

  6. Brote nosocomial y comunitario de queratoconjuntivitis epidémica en Navarra

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    Salcedo Miqueleiz Asunción

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: La queratoconjuntivitis epidémica (QCE es una infección aguda, generalmente bilateral, que se presenta de forma esporádica o en brotes a partir de una fuente de infección común, que puede ser una consulta de oftalmología o una piscina. La queratitis puede evolucionar hacia la formación de lesiones subepiteliales cornéales que pueden persistir durante varios meses. El objetivo de este trabaji fue la descripción de un brote de queratoconjuntivitis epidémica ocurrido en Navarra (España entre Abril y Agosto de 1996 que afectó al menos a 266 personas MÉTODOS: Descripción del brote, definición de caso clínico, investigación microbiológica, e investigación epidemiológica del brote mediante encuesta. RESULTADOS: En la investigación epidemiológica destaca la existencia de 2 consultas de oftalmología como mecanismo de transmisión de la enfermedad en 47 de los 116 pacientes investigados. La diseminación de la enfermedad en el entorno de los pacientes se pudo conocer en 119 casos, de éstos, 62 se consideraron casos secundarios. El diagnóstico etiológico del brote se realizó a los 11 días de iniciada la investigación microbiológica, aislándose adenovirus en muestras conjuntivales de 8 de los 19 pacientes investigados. CONCLUSIONES: Las medidas de prevención instauradas para el control del brote y la eficacia de las mismas se pone de manifiesto por la reducción paulatina de casos.

  7. Salmonelosis no tifoidea en un área de salud de navarra, españa

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    Gil-Setas Alberto

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: La gastroenteritis por Salmonella es una zoonosis que se transmite por la ingestión de alimentos, agua o fomites contaminados por las heces de un animal o persona infectados y constituye una pandemia de distribución mundial. El objetivo del trabajo ha sido el estudio de la evolución de la salmonelosis no tifoidea en el Área de Salud I de Navarra (376.079 habitantes. Método: Se analizaron retrospectivamente 39.697 coprocultivos extrahospitalarios realizados durante 1993-2000. Para el aislamiento de enteropatógenos bacterianos se emplearon métodos convencionales. Las cepas de Salmonella spp fueron serotipificadas. Otras variables estudiadas fueron edad, sexo, fecha de aislamiento y sensibilidad a antimicrobianos. Resultados: Se aislaron 2.924 Salmonella spp (7,4%. El serotipo más frecuente fue Salmonella Enteritidis (62%. La tasa de mayor incidencia se dio en la edad pediátrica y especialmente en los menores de 1 año (1.117,3 × 100.000 habitantes. El serotipo Typhimurium fue globalmente más resistente que el serotipo Enteritidis, aunque en ambos se ha constatado con el tiempo un aumento de las resistencias. Conclusiones: a pesar de las mejoras socioeconómicas y de la calidad de vida, la gastroenteritis por Salmonella spp ha ido en aumento en los últimos años, afectando sobre todo a los niños más pequeños y constituyendo un importante problema de salud pública.

  8. Acceso abierto y visibilidad de la investigación. El caso de Dadun, Depósito Digital de la Universidad de Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Eslava, S. (Salomé); Iturbide-Tellechea, A. (Arantxa)

    2013-01-01

    Comunicación presentada en el Congreso «Humanidades digitales: visibilidad y difusión de la investigación», celebrado en Pamplona los días 23 y 24 de mayo de 2013. La presentación la realizaron Salomé Eslava y Arantxa Iturbide, del Servicio de Biblioteca de la Univeridad de Navarra.

  9. Caracterización estacional del hábitat fluvial del río Erro (Navarra

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    P.M. Leunda, R. Miranda, M.C. Escala

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta la descripción de catorce tramos representativos del río Erro (Navarra a partir de la caracterización del hábitat fluvial llevada a cabo en invierno, verano y otoño de 2002. Para este estudio se han considerado parámetros tanto del hábitat físico (profundidad, anchura del cauce, pendiente de las orillas, velocidad del agua, tipo de sustrato, vegetación acuática y sombreado como físico-químicos del agua (temperatura, pH, conductividad, sólicos disueltos y oxigeno disuelto. El análisis de las caracteristicas del rio Erro permite considerar su estado general como bueno, aunque se detecta la presencia de un tramo sensible aguas abajo de la localidad de Erro. Si bien este tramo sensible presenta niveles de conservación aceptables, es susceptible de deteriorarse si no de adoptan las medidas oportunas para su conservación. Se sugiere su inclusión en el Lugar de Interés Comunitario (Red Natura 2000 de Navarra de los "Sistemas Fluviales de lis Ríos Irati, Urrobi y Erro".

  10. “Por la quoal cosa es dapnado”. Suicidio y muerte accidental en la Navarra bajomedieval

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    Baldó Alcoz, Julia

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available

    Suicide was considered all along the Middle Ages an homicide, because the destruction of the sacred present of life and, therefore, the most offensive sin against God, creator of life. Consequently, suicides were subjected to the scorn of the community and suicide brought legal actions, with penalizations such as the confiscation of suicide’s properties and the humbling of their soul and body, hanging and mutilating the corpses and denniying ecclesiastical sepulture. Anyway, suicides commited under madness were not prosecuted. Official theories and regulations of the civil and ecclesiastical authorities were radically different because Church officials preferred to apply prevention methods as cathequesis and forgave and absolve the survivors. In Navarre the legal punishments were employed only by civil authorities because suicide was an act of felony, an offence against the Crown, and Church obeyed the King’s rules.



    El suicidio fue considerado a lo largo de la Edad Media como un homicidio debido a que incurría en el más grave de los pecados: la privación de la propia vida creada por Dios. Por ello estaba sujeto a una serie de castigos inflingidos por su misma comunidad de vecinos así como a penalizaciones legales, entre las que destacaban el embargo de sus bienes, la prohibición de cristiana sepultura y el ajusticiamiento del cadáver. Sin embargo, existieron algunos atenuantes, como la locura, que beneficiaron a los suicidas y minimizaron las penas aplicadas. No obstante, la doctrina eclesiástica, a diferencia del planteamiento de las autoridades civiles, manifestó el afán y la necesidad de evitar los castigos infamantes y optó por la prevención a través de la vía catequética y el perdón de los supervivientes. En Navarra, las actuaciones legales se centraron en el marco civil, por ser el suicidio una traición directa

  11. Las expectativas educativas de la población inmigrante en Navarra. ¿Optimismo inmigrante o efectos de escuela?

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    Cebolla Boado, Héctor

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we use the Evaluation Survey for Secondary Schooling conducted by the Regional Government of Navarra in 2010 to study migrant-native differentials in the educational expectation of students. Our evidence confirms the existence of what the international literature has labelled “immigrant optimism”, in other words, the fact that immigrantorigin students are more ambitious than what should be expected according to their socioeconomic status or their prior school achievement. Once we identify this regularity, the paper explores the causes of this particular differential between migrants and natives suggesting that individual level characteristics (broadly speaking family level features are the most plausible source of this optimism. The sorting of migrants in the Navarre school map and the school characteristics appears to be less relevant to understand this immigrant optimism.Este trabajo explota los micro-datos de la Encuesta de Evaluación de la Educación Secundaria realizado en Navarra en 2010 para estudiar las expectativas educativas de la población escolar en función de su estatus migratorio. En sintonía con la literatura internacional, identificamos en Navarra la confirmación de lo que otros estudios internacionales han denominado “optimismo inmigrante” es decir, el hecho de que las expectativas de los estudiantes de origen inmigrante sean, en media, superiores a las de los autóctonos, dado su rendimiento educativo previo y la situación socioeconómica de sus familias. Identificada esta regularidad, el trabajo explora las causas de este diferencial inmigrante-autóctono sugiriendo que son las características individuales y/o familiares de los inmigrantes las que producen este desajuste entre expectativas y rendimiento. La distribución de inmigrantes en el mapa escolar navarro o las características de la escuela a las que asisten los estudiantes que forman parte del estudio, parecen argumentos poco útiles para

  12. Incapacidad laboral por patología del aparato locomotor en la Comunidad Foral de Navarra: Aspectos epidemiológicos Occupational disability due to locomotor pathology in the Foral Community of Navarra: Epidemiological aspects

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    E. Sáinz de Murieta

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción. La discapacidad producida por la patología del aparato locomotor ocasiona una pérdida de horas de trabajo y unos costes indirectos que están aumentando a un ritmo creciente. Los objetivos de este estudio son estimar los costes en horas de trabajo totales perdidas ocasionadas por la patología del aparato locomotor en 2 áreas sanitarias de Navarra con 441.600 habitantes, obtener estándares de duración e incidencia de bajas y estudiar la relación entre duración media de las bajas y variables como la accesibilidad geográfica a los servicios de rehabilitación, vivir en entorno rural o urbano y entre diferentes áreas sanitarias. Material y métodos. Se han estudiado todos los procesos de incapacidad temporal por patología del aparato locomotor en las Áreas Sanitarias I y III de Navarra en 1997 y 1998, recogiendo diferentes variables. Se ha realizado un estudio descriptivo de las patologías, contabilizando las jornadas laborales perdidas. Calculamos la incidencia anual de bajas por patologías. Comparamos duración media con otras variables. Resultados. La discapacidad producida por la patología del aparato locomotor supone pérdidas de 221.054 jornadas de trabajo/año. La lumbalgia, el esguince de tobillo son los procesos más frecuentes. Encontramos un aumento en la incidencia de incapacidad temporal por lumbalgia y lumbociatalgia en las zonas básicas rurales de la zona media. No existen diferencias estadísticamente significativas con una pIntroduction. Disability produced by locomotor pahtology causes a loss in working hours and indirect costs that are increasing at a growing rate. The aims of this study are to estimate the costs in total working hours lost caused by this pathology in two health areas of Navarra with 441,600 inhabitants, to obtain standards for the duration and incidence of sick leave and to study the relation between the average duration of sick leave and variables such as the geographical

  13. El arte del bordado en Navarra en los siglos XVI y XVII: Andrés de Salinas

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    Andueza Pérez, Alicia

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Given its classification as a decorative art, and its perception as mere artisanal work, scarce attention has been given to embroidery. Nevertheless, fortunately, in recent years there has been a resurgence of studies on this theme. This article, following these new trends, attempts to clarify certain aspects of this activity in the Navarre region during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.

    Dada su condición de arte decorativa, y su consideración como una labor meramente artesanal, la atención que se le ha prestado al bordado es escasa. Por suerte, en los últimos años estamos asistiendo a un resurgir de los estudios sobre el tema. Este artículo, siguiendo estas nuevas tendencias, pretende esclarecer algunos aspectos sobre esta actividad en la Navarra de los siglos XVI y XVII.

  14. Incidencia de cáncer en Navarra (1998-2000 Incidence of cancer in Navarre

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    E. Ardanaz

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Entre 1998 y 2000 se registraron un promedio anual de 3.303 casos de cáncer invasivo en Navarra, el 58% en hombres. Si exceptuamos los tumores de piel no melanoma el número anual de casos fue de 2.495, con tasas de incidencia bruta de 559 y 372 por 100.000 en hombres y en mujeres y unas tasas ajustadas a la población mundial de 312 y 203 por 100.000, respectivamente. Entre los hombres las cuatro localizaciones tumorales más frecuentemente diagnosticadas fueron próstata, pulmón, colorectal y vejiga que sumaron el 57% de todos los casos. Entre las mujeres destacan por su frecuencia los tumores de mama, colorectal, cuerpo de útero y ovario que sumaron el 54% del total de los casos. Respecto al quinquenio 1993-97, la incidencia global de cáncer en el trienio 1998-2000 ha aumentado un 4,2% en los hombres y un 7,4% en las mujeres. A destacar el aumento de incidencia de cáncer de pulmón y linfomas no Hodgkin en ambos sexos y del cáncer de mama en mujeres y próstata en hombres. Continúan descendiendo las tasas de incidencia de cáncer de estómago en ambos sexos, siguiendo la tendencia iniciada en los 70.Between 1998 and 2000 an annual average of 3,303 cases of invasive cancer were registered in Navarre, 58% of them in men. If we except non melanoma skin tumours, the annual number of cases was 2,495, with gross incidence rates of 559 and 372 per 100,000 in men and women, and rates adjusted to the world population of 312 and 203 per 100,000 respectively. Amongst men, the four most frequently diagnosed tumoural localisations were the prostate, lung, colorectal and bladder, accounting for 57% of all cases. The most notable due to their frequency amongst women were tumours of the breast, colorectal, uterus body and ovary, accounting for 54% of all cases. With respect to the five year period from 1993 to1997, the global incidence of cancer in the three year period from 1998 to 2000 has increased 4.2% in men and 7.4% in women. The incidence of

  15. El «Padrón» y la «Manta» de Tudela Documentos acerca de los judeoconversos y la Inquisición en Navarra

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    Pérez Ochoa, Iñigo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The historians of Navarre in the late Medieval and Early Modern period repeatedly mention a document containing a roll with the names of Jewish householders of Tudela who took baptism in 1498 and agreed to pay in 1510 a tribute to the Crown in order to avoid inquisitorial investigation. This document has been mistakenly identified with the “manta de los judíos” (‘Jews’ blanket’, a sambenito hanging in the cathedral of Tudela showing the converts, and their descendants, that were convicted by the inquisitorial court. In the 17th century, both documents were used as evidence in purity of blood exams brought before the royal court of Navarre. This article analyzes the misunderstanding and investigates the origins and later uses of the documents, describing the copies of the roll that have been preserved.Los historiadores de los judíos y convertidos navarros citan reiteradamente un documento que contiene una nómina completa o «padrón», compuesta por los cabezas de familia judíos bautizados en 1498, que en 1510 pactaron el pago de un tributo a la Corona con objeto de garantizar su inmunidad ante la actuación inquisitorial. De manera errónea se ha denominado a tal nómina «manta de los judíos», por confusión con un gran lienzo o sambenito colgado en la iglesia colegial de Tudela que reproducía los sambenitos que se habían visto obligados a portar los condenados por la Inquisición. Ambos documentos, nómina y «manta», fueron utilizados como prueba en los procesos de limpieza de sangre ante los tribunales reales de Navarra durante el siglo XVII. Este artículo desentraña esta confusión, presenta los datos conocidos sobre la «manta» que colgaba en Tudela, describe las copias conservadas del «padrón», y analiza el origen y posterior uso de los documentos

  16. Tendencias recientes de las principales causas de muerte en Navarra: 1995-2004 Recent trends of the main causes of death in Navarre: 1995-2004

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    Moreno-Iribas, C. (Conchi); Y. Floristán; N. Egüés

    2006-01-01

    Se presentan las estadísticas de mortalidad de Navarra para el periodo 1995-2004 por sexo, edad y causa de muerte. Material y métodos. Los datos proceden de los boletines estadísticos de defunción. Se comparan el periodo 1995-1999 con el periodo 2000-2004, utilizando las tasas ajustadas a la población de Navarra del año 2001 y la tasa de años potenciales de vida perdidos entre 0-70 años ajustada a la población europea. Resultados. La esperanza de vida al nacer en el periodo 2000-2004 fue de 7...

  17. Aportación al estudio de los yacimientos líticos postpaleolíticos al aire libre en Navarra

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    Javier ARMENDÁRIZ MARUJA

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: En este artículo se aborda la problemática de los yacimientos de sílex al aire libre en Navarra, proponiendo tras un estudio comparativo, una sistematización cronológica que va desde el Neolítico Pleno a la Edad del Bronce. Paralelamente se define un nuevo útil lítico (Elemento sobre hoja recortada-E.H.R. y se analiza el fenómeno de las llamadas «hachas votivas».ABSTRACT: This article deals with the problem of open-air with remains of flintstone tools in Navarra. Through a comparative survey, it is given a chronology which dates from the Neolithic to the Bronze Age. We also define a new lithic tool (E.H.R. and we analyse the subject of the so named «votive axes».

  18. Allium pyrenaicum Costa and Vayr. (Liliaceae en el Valle del Roncal (Pirineo Occidental, Navarra : Propuesta para su protección legal /

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    Lorda López, M.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Allium pyrenaicum (Liliaceae se cita por primera vez para Navarra (Pirineo Occidental ; se trata de una planta endémica del Pirineo, con área disyunta en Cataluña, al Este, y en Aragón-Navarra, al Oeste. Además de los datos corológicos, en esta nota se estima el tamaño de la población y se comentan su hábitat, posibles riesgos y grado de protección. Tambien se aporta in mapa de distribución del taxón y fotografía de este ajo silvestre.

  19. Nueva cita de la libélula Gomphus vulgatissimus L., 1758 para la Península Ibérica en Ancín, Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    En los trabajos de campo para la elaboración del Plan de Conservación del Lugar de Importancia Comunitaria Ríos Ega-Urederra (ES ES2200024) se localizó una hembra joven de Gomphus vulgatissimus L., 1758 en la población de Ancín (Navarra, N Península Ibérica).

  20. La primera generación de pintores navarros contemporáneos: aportaciones para un catálogo de sus pinturas en el Museo de Navarra

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    Urricelqui Pacho, Ignacio J.

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available This study contributes to the elaboration of a catalogue of paintings in the Museo de Navarra by examining a series of works from the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries carried out by a group of artists who constituted the first generation of contemporary painters in this region. On the one hand, inexact data has been corrected, and on the other, new information is brought to light which will contribute to a better understanding of this artistic group. Likewise, an attempt is made to revaluate paintings carried out in Navarre during this transcendental period for Spanish painting.

    Este trabajo desea contribuir a la elaboración de un catálogo de pinturas del Museo de Navarra con el estudio de una serie de obras realizadas a finales del siglo XIX y principios del siglo XX por un grupo de artistas que vienen a constituir la primera generación de pintores contemporáneos de esta región. De un lado ofrecemos la corrección de una serie de datos inexactos detectados en la catalogación de estas pinturas, de otro, aportamos información novedosa que contribuirá a un mejor conocimiento de este interesante conjunto artístico. Igualmente, no escapa a nuestro objetivo, ayudar a una revalorización de la pintura realizada en Navarra durante un período trascendental para la pintura española.

  1. Registro de enfermedades respiratorias de origen laboral en Navarra Registry of occupational respiratory diseases in Navarre

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    K. Abú Shams

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. Con objeto de analizar la incidencia y características de la patología respiratoria ocupacional en Navarra, se implantó en enero de 2002 el Registro de Enfermedades Respiratorias de Origen Laboral. Métodos. Los casos notificados por los médicos colaboradores durante los años 2002, 2003 y 2004, se introdujeron en una base de datos diseñada para su análisis posterior, que constaba de distintas variables: sexo, edad, tabaco, servicio y médico declarante, diagnóstico, profesión y agente causal. Resultados. Se notificaron 125 casos. 97 varones (77,6% y 28 mujeres (22,4%. La media de edad fue 55,4 años. Ochenta y ocho pacientes no fumaban (70,4% y 37 eran fumadores (29,6%. Neumología declaró 84 casos (67,2% y Alergología 41 (32,8%. Los diagnósticos fueron: 50 casos de asma bronquial (40%, 31 de enfermedad pleural benigna (24,8%, 8 alveolitis alérgica extrínseca (6,4%, 8 mesotelioma (6,4%, 7 cáncer broncopulmonar (5,6%, 5 inhalaciones agudas (4%, 3 asbestosis (2,4%, 2 rinitis (1,6%, 1 RADS (0,8% y 1 EPOC (0,8%. Las profesiones más declaradas: 13 pintura/barnizado (10,4%, 12 hilado de ovillos de amianto (9,6% y 8 panadería/pastelería (6,4%. Como agentes causales principales: 49 casos de asbesto (39,2%, 15 isocianatos (12% y 8 sílice (6,4%. Conclusiones. La patología más frecuente fue el asma bronquial, seguida de la enfermedad pleural benigna. La profesión más notificada era pintura/barnizado y en segundo lugar hilado de ovillos. El asbesto fue la primera sustancia implicada seguida de los isocianatos. La mayoría de pacientes eran varones y no fumadores. El Servicio de Neumología del Hospital Virgen del Camino notificó el mayor número de casos. El análisis de contraste de proporciones mostró cierta tendencia a la significación en rinitis, asma bronquial y asbestosis.Background. In January 2002 an occupational respiratory diseases record was established in Navarre so that the number and characteristics of the

  2. UNIFORMIDAD FISCAL VERSUS TERRITORIOS PRIVILEGIADOS EN LA ESPAÑA DEL SIGLO XVIII: LOS CASOS DE NAVARRA Y CANARIAS

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    Sergio Solbes Ferri

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo se organiza desde una doble reflexión. Por un lado, el éxito o el fracaso en la aplicación de los proyectos de reforma fiscal diseñados para su imposición en el conjunto de la Monarquía española en la primera mitad del siglo XVIII. Por otro lado, el éxito o el fracaso en la defensa de los privilegios fiscales de Navarra y de Canarias, territorios en los que Felipe V no pudo, ni quiso, imponer el derecho de conquista tras la guerra de Sucesión. Analizamos estas especificidades con la intención de conocer aquellos aspectos que perduran en el tiempo y aquellos que desaparecen. Finalmente, tratamos de reflexionar sobre si el resultado final es la consecuencia necesaria de un proyecto de reforma preconcebido o de una simple adaptación a las circunstancias propias del devenir histórico. Apostamos por la primera solución, así que tratamos en integrar los cambios implementados con el pensamiento y los programas de reforma diseñados por Alberoni y Patiño.AbstractThis study is organized from a double perspective. Firstly, the success or failure in the implementation of projects designed to reform taxation in the whole Spanish monarchy during the first half of the eighteenth century. On the other hand, the success or failure in defending the fiscal privileges of Navarra and Canarias, territories in which Philip V could not impose the right of conquest after the War of Succession. We analyse these specificities with the intention of meeting those aspects that remain and those that disappear. Lastly, we try to reflect if the final status is the result of a preconceived reform project or a simple adaptation to the circumstances of the historical development. We focus on the first solution, so we try to relate the implemented changes with the Alberoni and Patiño reform programs.

  3. El Congreso médico-regional de Navarra (1886): un ejemplo de la transmisión del conocimiento científico The "Regional-Medical Congress of Navarre" (1886): an exercise in sharing scientific knowledge

    OpenAIRE

    León, P.

    2009-01-01

    La última ola epidémica del cólera en Navarra (1884-1885) es la menos estudiada porque apenas afectó a Pamplona, el núcleo urbano más importante de la región, pero creó una situación crítica en otras áreas como la Ribera. Fundamento. El "Congreso médico-regional de Navarra" celebrado en Tafalla (Navarra), en 1886, se convocó para estudiar la epidemia de cólera de 1885 en la región. El interés de esta reunión científica estriba en la actitud de los médicos ante el desarrollo de la microbiologí...

  4. Calidad en la Administración Pública: Aplicación de la ISO 9001:2000 a la selección de personal en el ámbito de la Administración Pública Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    ANA FRAILE BLÁZQUEZ

    2007-01-01

    Los procesos de selección de personal que realiza el Instituto Navarro de Administración Pública (INAP) obtuvo en el 2002 el certificado de calidad ISO 9001-2000. El INAP es un organismo autónomo adscrito al Departamento de Presidencia, Justicia e Interior del Gobierno de Navarra que, entre otras funciones, actúa en los procesos de selección de personal para empleo público, tanto para puestos de la Administración foral como de las administraciones locales de Navarra. El certificado de calidad...

  5. Evolución en las características epidemiológicas de la tuberculosis en Navarra (1994-2003 Evolution of the epidemiological characteristics of tuberculosis in Navarra (1994-2003

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    J. Castilla

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Describir los cambios en la incidencia y en el perfil epidemiológico de la tuberculosis en Navarra. Métodos. Se analizaron los casos de tuberculosis del período 1994-2003 según el sistema de enfermedades de declaración obligatoria, completado con los diagnósticos microbiológicos y con los casos captados por otros registros sanitarios. Resultados. La incidencia de tuberculosis disminuyó desde 21 por 100.000 habitantes en el quinquenio 1994-1998 hasta 16 por 100.000 en 1999-2003. En ambos períodos los casos en hombres duplicaron a los de mujeres, y la máxima incidencia se produjo en los grupos de 25 a 44 y mayores de 65 años. Los diagnósticos de tuberculosis en personas con infección por el VIH disminuyeron del 15,1 al 6,6% y los realizados en personas inmigrantes aumentaron del 2,2 al 21,3%. Algo más del 3% de los casos había recibido tratamiento antituberculoso previo y en torno al 6% presentaban resistencia a algún fármaco, sin diferencias significativas entre periodos. La proporción de tuberculosis potencialmente transmisibles (73% no experimentó cambios significativos, ni la de aquellas con baciloscopia de esputo positiva (53%. El número de brotes (agrupaciones de dos o más casos pasó de 18 a 26 y el porcentaje de casos secundarios a otro reciente aumentó desde 3,6 a 10,1% (pAim. To describe the changes in the incidence and the epidemiological profile of tuberculosis in Navarra. Methods. The cases of tuberculosis in the 1994-2003 period were analysed. Cases reported to the system of obligatory notifiable diseases, completed with the microbiological diagnoses and the cases collected in other health registers. Results. The incidence of tuberculosis fell from 21 per 100,000 inhabitants in the five-year period 1994-1998 to 16 per 100,000 in 1999-2003. In both periods the number of cases in men doubled that in women, and the maximum incidence occurred in the age groups from 25 to 44 and over 65 years of age. The

  6. Desarrollos innovativos en la asignatura Métodos y Técnicas de Investigación Social: el caso de los estudios de Sociología Aplicada en la Universidad Pública de Navarra

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    Vidal Díaz-de-Rada

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Los actuales planes de estudios de los grados de Sociología están aumentando el componente aplicado de la disciplina, orientándolo hacia el estudio científico de la realidad social. Esta situación genera “desajustes” al considerar el tipo de alumnado que se matricula en Sociología, estudiantes con escaso conocimiento estadístico/matemático, al provenir –en su mayor parte– del bachillerato en Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales. Esta exigua formación matemática y el deseo de estudiar carreras “de letras” precisa de una labor formativa que, en sus primeras etapas, debe estar enfocada a eliminar el hechizo mágico de los números para, en un segundo momento, tratar de transmitir la importancia que tienen los indicadores sociales (con información numérica para el conocimiento de la realidad social. En este texto se presentan las estrategias y los recursos pedagógicos utilizados en la Licenciatura en Sociología (Universidad Pública de Navarra, España en la asignatura Métodos y Técnicas de Investigación Social I. En este documento se muestra que el empleo de metodologías activas de enseñanza, concretamente el Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas, ABP, utilizando casos prácticos reales, ha incrementado el número de estudiantes que siguen la asignatura, aumentando también el número de aprobados y mejorando las calificaciones promedio.

  7. Concienciación, prevención y respuesta (CPR). Programa de prevención del suicido de adolescentes en la Comunidad Foral de Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Haro Escribano, Begoña

    2016-01-01

    El suicidio, entendido como una muerte autoinfligida con intencionalidad, es una de las primeras causas de muerte en jóvenes en los países desarrollados. En la Comunidad Foral de Navarra fue la segunda causa de muerte entre jóvenes de 20 a 44 años, en el periodo del 2009 al 2013. Se sitúa por encima de cualquier patología física o enfermedad. Se ha observado un aumento importante en la incidencia del suicidio de la infancia (10-14 años) a la adolescencia – juventud (15-29 añ...

  8. El gravetiense de la cueva de Alkerdi (Urdax, Navarra : análisis y contexto de su industria lítica

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    Cava, Ana

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta la industria lítica del único nivel de ocupación conservado en la cueva de Alkerdi, en el norte de Navarra, datado por C14 en 26470+530+490 años BP. Se aplica un análisis protocolario de la tecnología y la tipología de ese lote y se contextualiza en el complejo gravetiense del Pirineo occidental. Se concluye el carácter esporádico del uso del la cavidad y se argumenta su función preferente de alto de caza.

  9. Estudio para la gestión de residuos ganaderos mediante digestión anaerobia en el polígono ganadero de Funes (Navarra)

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    García Pejenaute, Tamara

    2012-01-01

    Este Trabajo Final de Carrera tiene como objetivo fundamental lograr la gestión de los residuos ganaderos de las explotaciones agropecuarias que se encuentran emplazadas en el polígono ganadero del municipio de Funes (Navarra) mediante la implantación de una planta de biogás, como consecuencia directa o indirecta del modelo actual de ocupación y uso actual del territorio. Para ello, se intenta explorar las posibilidades energéticas de los residuos orgánicos correspondientes ...

  10. Cohorte poblacional de trabajadores expuestos a amianto: Navarra 1999-2004 Cohort of asbestos exposed workers: Navarre (Spain) 1999-2004

    OpenAIRE

    L. Artieda; Beloqui, A.; M. Lezaun

    2005-01-01

    Fundamento. La construcción de una cohorte poblacional de trabajadores expuestos a amianto es importante porque facilita la vigilancia, permite cumplir con la obligación ética de reconocer el origen laboral de las lesiones y contribuye al desarrollo de la investigación científica. El objetivo es describir el procedimiento que se ha seguido para identificar a los trabajadores expuestos a amianto en Navarra y conocer su respuesta a la oferta de vigilancia de la salud. Metodología. El registro d...

  11. Catálogo y Cartografía de las estaciones megalíticas de Goizueta - Artikutza - Aranaz y Agiña - Lesaka (Navarra.

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    Luis del Barrio

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo, realizado en forma de catálogo, describe la totalidad de estructuras megalíticas localizadas hasta la fecha (Agosto 1987, en los entornos geográficos que enmarcan las Estaciones Prehistóricas de Goizueta - Artikutza - Aranaz (36 subsectores: 78 cromlechs pirenaicos, 4 túmulos, y 4 dólmenes y Agiña - Lesaka (6 subsectores: 18 cromlechs pirenaicos, 1 túmulo y 1 dolmen, situadas ambas en el extremo noroccidental de la provincia de Navarra.

  12. Exhumación, identificación y causa de muerte en 1936 de los restos humanos recuperados en la sima El Raso de Urbasa (Navarra)

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Se presentan, en este caso, los resultados de la investigación llevada a cabo en una sima de Urbasa (Navarra), a la que fueron arrojados los cadáveres de diez personas asesinadas en 1936, con el propósito de ocultar el crimen, durante la Guerra Civil española. Se trata de población civil, que fue asesinada con carácter extrajudicial. Como aspecto tafonómico a destacar, los restos humanos presentan marcas de carroñeo provocado por perros que cayeron o fueron echados a la sima en la misma época...

  13. El verderón serrano (Serinus citrinella en Navarra : Parámetros fenológicos y movimientos migratorios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Alonso, Juan Arizaga

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Se estudiaron los parámetros fenológicos y se analizaron las recapturas de 1209 verderones serranos (Serinus citrinella capturados con red japonesa vertical en Navarra, durante el periodo 1997-2003. Se comprobó la presencia de la especie entre marzo y octubre y la reproducción entre marzo y agosto. Los datos indicaron una elevada dependencia por los bosques de coníferas durante el periodo reproductor. La principal área de invernada de la población estudiada podría localizarse en sistemas montañosos próximos a los Pirineos Orientales.

  14. Serie de feocromocitomas durante 15 años en Navarra Analysis of a series pheochromocytoma cases over 15 years

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    J. Rojo

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. El feocromocitoma es un tumor productor de catecolaminas que procede de las células cromafines del sistema nervioso simpático. El 80-85% se localiza en la médula adrenal. El diagnóstico se confirma con la determinación de catecolaminas y metanefrinas en plasma y orina. El diagnóstico de localización debe realizarse una vez confirmado el diagnóstico bioquímico, preferentemente mediante tomografía computarizada y/o resonancia magnética. El tratamiento de elección es la cirugía vía laparoscópica. Material y métodos. Revisión de las historias clínicas de los pacientes con diagnóstico anatomo-patológico de feocromocitoma en los servicios de Anatomía Patológica del Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra entre los años 1996 y 2010. Se realiza el análisis descriptivo de los resultados mediante el programa estadístico SPSS. Resultados. Esta serie está formada por 43 pacientes con diagnóstico anatomo-patológico de feocromocitoma durante los últimos 15 años. La edad media de presentación es de 47 años. Entre los más jóvenes hay condensación de pacientes con determinados síndromes genéticos. El método de imagen más empleado ha sido la tomografía computarizada. Encontramos resultados contradictorios en cuanto al empleo de medicación preoperatoria. El comportamiento en todos los casos ha sido benigno. Conclusiones. Creemos conveniente realizar estudio genético en pacientes menores de 20 años de edad. Los parámetros con mayor sensibilidad para el diagnóstico han sido normetanefrina y metanefrina en orina. El único tratamiento curativo es la cirugía, que debería realizarse preferentemente vía laparoscópica.Background. The pheochromocytoma is a catecholamine secreting tumour derived from chromaffin cells of the sympathetic nervous system. Eighty to eighty-five percent of these tumours are localized in the adrenal medulla. When pheocromocytomas are found outside the adrenal gland they are referred to as

  15. Reported fried food consumption and the incidence of hypertension in a Mediterranean cohort: the SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra) project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sayon-Orea, Carmen; Bes-Rastrollo, Maira; Gea, Alfredo; Zazpe, Itziar; Basterra-Gortari, Francisco J; Martinez-Gonzalez, Miguel A

    2014-09-28

    Reported associations between the consumption of fried foods and the incidence of obesity or weight gain make it likely that fried food consumption might also be associated with the development of hypertension. However, evidence from long-term prospective studies is scarce. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to longitudinally evaluate this association in a prospective cohort. The SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra) project is a Mediterranean cohort study of university graduates conducted in Spain, which started in December 1999 and is still ongoing. In the present study, we included 13,679 participants (5059 men and 8620 women), free of hypertension at baseline with a mean age of 36·5 (SD 10·8) years. Total fried food consumption was estimated at baseline. The outcome was the incidence of a medical diagnosis of self-reported hypertension during the follow-up period. To assess the association between the consumption of fried foods and the subsequent risk of developing incident hypertension during the follow-up period, Cox regression models were used. During a median follow-up period of 6·3 years, 1232 incident cases of hypertension were identified. After adjusting for potential confounders, the adjusted hazard ratios for developing hypertension were 1·18 (95% CI 1·03, 1·36) and 1·21 (95% CI 1·04, 1·41) for those consuming fried foods 2-4 and >4 times/week, respectively, compared with those consuming fried foods < 2 times/week (P for trend = 0·009). In conclusion, frequent consumption of fried foods at baseline was found to be associated with a higher risk of hypertension during the follow-up period in a Mediterranean cohort of university graduates.

  16. The education of the navarrese nobility during the Early modern age La educación de la nobleza navarra durante la modernidad

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    Pablo ORDUNA PORTÚS

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false ES X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} During the Modern Agem, classrooms of different schools were attended by descendants of the most and less important noble houses of Navarre. Their education was intended to offer access to a post in the administration, both in Navarra and the rest of the territories of the Monarchy. This study focuses on the different educational systems to the local elites, regardless of sex or lineage. Educational quality and to train members of this group was predominantly an investment and privilege with difficult barriers to cross.Durante la Edad Moderna, las aulas de los diferentes centros de enseñanza estuvieron concurridas por los descendientes de las más y menos importantes casas nobiliarias navarras. Su educación estuvo destinada a ofrecerles el posterior acceso a un cargo en la Administración, tanto en Navarra como en el resto de territorios de la Monarquía. El presente trabajo versa sobre los diferentes sistemas educativos a los que optaron estas élites locales desde su más tierna infancia, independientemente de su sexo o linaje. Centros de enseñanza de calidad, ya que la formación de los miembros de este

  17. Evaluación del sistema de información de navarra sobre diagnósticos de infección por el VIH, 1985-2003

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    Ana María Caro-Murillo

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: Navarra cuenta con un sistema de información sobre los diagnósticos de infección por VIH que abarca desde el comienzo de la epidemia hasta la actualidad. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir y evaluar su funcionamiento y sus atributos, haciendo énfasis en el estudio de su sensibilidad. Métodos: Siguiendo las directrices para la Evaluación de Sistemas de Vigilancia en Salud Pública de los Centros para el Control y Prevención de Enfermedades de Atlanta, describimos el sistema de información sobre diagnósticos de infección por VIH de Navarra (el sistema y analizamos sus atributos cualitativos y cuantitativos entre 1985 y 2003. Para valorar la sensibilidad se utilizó como referencia el registro de dispensación de antirretrovirales de los hospitales de Navarra. Resultados: El sistema de información sobre diagnósticos de infección por VIH de Navarra es nominal y confidencial, e incluye los casos nuevos diagnosticados cada año. Sus fuentes de información son todos los laboratorios que realizan la prueba de confirmación de Western blot en el sistema público, y el registro de altas hospitalarias de la Comunidad Autónoma. Cubre a toda la población de Navarra (584.734 habitantes, y utiliza la definición de caso de infección por VIH del Centro Europeo para la Vigilancia Epidemiológica del VIH y el sida. Es un sistema bien aceptado por la comunidad y por los responsables de suministrar los datos. Hasta diciembre de 2003 se habían incluido 2.302 casos, incluyendo al 98,8% de los pacientes que reciben o han recibido antirretrovirales en Navarra. Conclusiones: Este sistema de información es sencillo, útil, bien aceptado y altamente sensible. La información sobre uso de antirretrovirales ha sido de utilidad para su evaluación.

  18. Pharmacological properties of Anagallis arvensis L. ("scarlet pimpernel") and Anagallis foemina Mill. ("blue pimpernel") traditionally used as wound healing remedies in Navarra (Spain)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    López, Víctor; Jäger, Anna Katharina; Akerreta, Silvia;

    2011-01-01

    -inflammatory properties were measured in terms of COX-1 and -2 inhibition as well as superoxide radical scavenging capacity. RESULTS: Both species exerted antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effects. The methanolic extract obtained from Anagallis arvensis seemed to produce the highest inhibition in Candida albicans (MIC......ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: : Anagallis arvensis and Anagallis foemina are traditionally used in Navarra (Spain) for dermatological purposes regarding wound healing properties. In some cases they are also used to threat internal infections although they are known to be toxic at high doses. AIM...... OF STUDY: : Due to lack of studies, we decided to evaluate the potential of the plants as wound healing remedies measuring antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties using in vitro procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Antimicrobial effects were studied against four bacteria and one fungus. Anti...

  19. Astrólogos y astrología al servicio de la monarquía navarra durante la Baja Edad Media (1350-1446

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    Serrano Larráyoz, Fernando

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This article provides a general view on astrologers who served at the courts of Carlos II, Carlos III and Blanca I of Navarre. This was a position that combined the foretelling of future events with the medical practice of the moment. Despite the prestige that astrologers seem to achieve, this position was never held long term except in some concrete cases.

    El artículo presenta una visión general de los astrólogos que sirvieron en la corte de Carlos II, Carlos III y Blanca I de Navarra. Un cargo cortesano que unía la adivinación de hechos futuros con la práctica médica del momento. Pese al prestigio que parecen alcanzar, no resulta una ocupación con cierta continuidad, salvo en casos muy concretos.

  20. Guía clínica para la indicación de implantes cocleares en la Comunidad Foral de Navarra

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    M. Manrique

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available La colocación de un implante coclear es una medida útil para paliar la hipoacusia neurosensorial de grado severo-profundo en aquellos casos en los que el beneficio del audífono es escaso. Desde su inicio hace 30 años los resultados auditivos han mejorado gracias a los progresivas mejoras que se han adoptado en distintos ámbitos: su diseño, estrategia, técnica quirúrgica... Dados los buenos resultados en este periodo, las indicaciones también han variado. El objetivo de este trabajo es revisar los criterios establecidos y emergentes de indicación de implante coclear, estableciendo de manera consensuada, entre los centros sanitarios de la Comunidad Foral de Navarra, unos criterios actualizados para la indicación del mismo en dicha área territorial, de forma que pueden servir de referencia en situaciones clínicas diferenciadas.

  1. Fuentes para el estudio de la violencia colectiva en la Navarra moderna: el valor de la documentación procesal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Ruiz Astiz

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Durante el Antiguo Régimen asistimos en el reino de Navarra a la constante presencia de desórdenes que alteran el orden público. El cometido de este artículo es demostrar que el estudio de estos fenómenos se puede realizar de un modo satisfactorio si recurrimos a los procesos judiciales. Gracias a estas fuentes de archivo pueden ser reconstruidas las características elementales de estos sucesos, ayudando a los historiadores a entresacar su verdadero trasfondo. Sin embargo, en este trabajo también se pretende abordar este tipo de documentación mostrando no sólo las ventajas que llevan implícitas su uso, sino a su vez las desventajas que encierran. Aunque por encima de todo priman los numerosos beneficios que permiten obtener este tipo de fuentes a los investigadores cuando deciden afrontar el estudio de épocas pasadas.

  2. La salud dental de los niños y adolescentes de Navarra, 2007 (4ª edición Dental health of children and adolescents of Navarra, 2007 (4th edition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F.J. Cortés

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. Transcurridos 5 años desde la última encuesta (2002, se procede a una nueva edición que supone la 4ª desde 1987. El objetivo es conocer el estado de salud oral de niños y adolescentes de Navarra y su evolución. Población y métodos. La muestra (n=1.397 fue seleccionada mediante muestreo probabilístico polietápico, tomando como unidad las aulas de 1º y 6º de Enseñanza Primaria y de 2º de Enseñanza Secundaria Obligatoria. El trabajo de campo se realizó entre los meses de abril y mayo de 2007 por dos equipos examinadores calibrados. Variables de salud estudiadas. caries (medida con criterio OMS y con criterio ampliado, estado periodontal y maloclusión. Los datos fueron informatizados con Access XP 2003 SP3; el análisis estadístico, con SPSS Windows v.15.0. Resultados. El 10,8% de la muestra es de origen extranjero. La prevalencia de caries en dentición temporal a los 6 años es 35,9% con cod 1,26; en dentición permanente, 28,5% y 46,4% a los 12 y 14 años; la media de dientes afectados 0,63 y 1,28 respectivamente. El índice de restauración es 26,1% en dentición temporal y 68,9 y 74,1% en permanente; los de origen extranjero presentan más caries (p Background. With five years having passed since the last survey (2002, a new survey was carried out, the 4th since 1987. The aim is to determine the state of oral health of children and adolescents in Navarre and its evolution. Population and methods. The sample (n=1.397 was selected through multistage probability sampling, taking as a unit the classrooms of the 1st and 6th year of Primary Education and the 2nd of Compulsory Secondary Education. The fieldwork was carried out in the months of April and May 2007 by two calibrated teams of examiners. Health variables studied: caries (measured with WHO criterion and extended criterion, periodontal state and malocclusion. The data were computerised with Access XP 2003 SP3; the statistical analysis with SPSS Windows v.15

  3. CODIFICACIÓN DE LAS CAUSAS DE MUERTE CON EL SOFTWARE IRIS. IMPACTO EN LAS ESTADÍSTICAS DE MORTALIDAD DE LA COMUNIDAD FORAL DE NAVARRA

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    Yugo Floristán Floristán

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamentos: Existen pocos estudios que analicen los cambios en las estadísticas de mortalidad derivados de la utilización del software IRIS para la codificación automática de la causa de muerte en comparación a la codificación manual. El objetivo de esta investigación fue evaluar el impacto del uso de IRIS en las estadísticas de mortalidad de Navarra. Métodos: Se procedió a una doble codificación de la causa básica de 5.060 boletines de defunción correspondientes a los fallecimientos de residentes en Navarra en 2014. Se establecieron las correspondencias entre ambas codificaciones para los capítulos de la CIE10 y la lista de causas INE-102 y se estimó el cambio en las tasas de mortalidad. Resultados: Con el software IRIS se codificaron automáticamente el 90% de las defunciones. Se observó una coincidencia a 4 caracteres y en el mismo capítulo de la CIE10 en el 79,1 y el 92,0% de los casos. La coincidencia para la lista reducida INE-102 fue del 88,3%. Se encontraron coincidencias más elevadas en las defunciones de personas menores de 65 años. Se observó un incremento de las muertes por enfermedades endocrinas (31%, trastornos mentales (19% y enfermedades del sistema nervioso (9%, mientras que diminuyeron las enfermedades del sistema genitourinario (21%. Conclusiones: La coincidencia a nivel de los capítulos de CIE10 de la codificación con IRIS respecto a la manual se da en 9 de cada 10 defunciones. La implantación de IRIS comporta un incremento de las enfermedades endocrinas, fundamentalmente diabetes mellitus e hiperlipidemias, y de los trastornos mentales, fundamentalmente las demencias.

  4. La estancia en bibliotecas extranjeras como instrumento de formación bibliotecaria: la experiencia de la Universidad de Navarra (2003-2010

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    Sanz-Santacruz, Víctor

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The changing technological environment and the new learning and research framework require constant updating. The University of Navarra (UN Library established a professional exchange program in 2003 (still on-going. The results of a survey completed by the librarians who participated in this placement program are presented in this article, and the program’s characteristics and means of funding are explained. Moreover, the advantages for the librarians’ professional development are pointed out and the main improvements applied within UN’s Library are detailed. A suitable response from the host libraries together with the the program’s continuity and regularity are crucial for extracting greater advantage of the placements.

    En el entorno actual de continuos cambios tecnológicos y de profundas modificaciones en la docencia e investigación, es necesaria una actualización constante. La Biblioteca de la Universidad de Navarra (en adelante UN inició un programa de estancias de profesionales en bibliotecas extranjeras del Reino Unido y de los Estados Unidos en el año 2003, que continúa en vigor. En el artículo se exponen los resultados de la encuesta llevada a cabo entre los participantes del programa y se describen las principales características del programa, tanto desde el punto de vista de su puesta en práctica, como de su financiación. Asimismo, se señalan las ventajas de esas estancias para el desarrollo profesional de los bibliotecarios y se detallan las principales mejoras aplicadas en la Biblioteca de la UN. La adecuada respuesta de las bibliotecas receptoras y la continuidad y regularidad del programa son decisivos para obtener el mayor provecho de las estancias.

  5. Validación del Cuestionario de Orientación a la Vida (OLQ-13 de Antonovsky en una muestra de estudiantes universitarios en Navarra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Lizarbe-Chocarro

    Full Text Available Fundamento: El sentido de coherencia interna (SOC, concepto central del modelo salutogénico descrito por Aaron Antonovsky, se ha empleado como predictor de medidas de salud percibida y objetiva, se relaciona fuerte y positivamente con comportamientos saludables, y se desarrolla principalmente en la juventud y en la época de estudiante. Los universitarios son un grupo de jóvenes diana para aplicar medidas promotoras de salud en función de su nivel SOC, siendo necesario comprobar la calidad de la medición de la escala. El objetivo es validar y estudiar las propiedades psicométricas de la escala SOC en los estudiantes de la Universidad de Navarra, y conocer su evolución temporal. Sujetos y método: Se analizaron los estudiantes de nuevo acceso de la Universidad de Navarra. Estudio de cohortes con seguimiento a los tres años. Los instrumentos utilizados fueron el cuestionario de orientación a la vida (OLQ-13, la Escala del Estrés Percibido (EEP y el Índice de malestar. Se estudiaron la calidad de los datos y viabilidad, asunciones escalares, estabilidad temporal, fiabilidad, validez de criterio concomitante y clínica, y estructura factorial y análisis confirmatorio de los datos obtenidos. Se utilizaron los paquetes estadísticos SPSS v. 19 y Amos v.7. Resultados: La muestra ha sido de 508 estudiantes, 33,5% varones y el 65,9% mujeres. Fiabilidad alta (Alfa de Cronbach de 0,814. Adecuada validez convergente con la EEP. Inadecuada validez clínica. Análisis de componentes principales con tres factores que explican el 50,73% de la varianza. Conclusiones: Instrumento válido que permite proponerlo como herramienta para aplicar medidas promotoras de salud en jóvenes.

  6. Nuevo sistema de geolocalización en Navarra para disminuir los tiempos de respuesta en aviso urgente en zonas de montaña y de gran dispersión

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    J.M. Ablitas Muro

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available La identificación de todos los avisos urgentes a domicilio en zonas de montaña y dispersas a través del sistema 112 habitualmente se realiza por el nombre propio del caserío o vivienda, lo que hace imposible localizarlos con los medios GPS habituales. El objetivo que se persiguen en este trabajo es tener un sistema de geolocalización válido en urgencias extra-hospitalarias adaptado a la nomenclatura y geografía de la zona, que permita su implantación en todos los dispositivos móviles sanitarios, consiguiendo una precisión exacta sin pérdidas en el desplazamiento con el fin de evitar un aumento de la morbi-mortalidad por la demora en la atención realizada por profesionales conocedores o no de la zona y que sea extrapolable a otros puntos de la geografía de Navarra o nacional. Se ha conseguido crear una herramienta de geolocalización adaptada a la orografía y nomenclatura específica de la zona piloto elegida (el valle del Baztán y se ha hecho compatible con los software de navegación actuales en las dos modalidades posibles, con y sin cobertura de datos móviles (on line y off line. Este sistema se ha integrado en los móviles sanitarios no corporativos mediante archivos KML y se ha aplicado a los 913 caseríos geolocalizados, verificando su utilidad real en los avisos domiciliarios urgentes registrados entre los meses de mayo y septiembre del 2012. Se ha conseguido llegar al caserío (encaminamiento o enrutamiento demandante de la atención urgente sin pérdidas en carretera o camino forestal independientemente de las características de acceso a éste, porque previamente se tiene registrada la localización del destino en estos archivos (ésta es la gran diferencia con los sistemas GPS actuales.

  7. Evolución de la composición florística Post-fuego en un carrascal de Navarra (n de España

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    Cavero, R. Y.

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents results about floristic composition dynamics during four years after controlled fires in a Mediterranean pin-oak wood in Navarra (N Spain. The samples have been taken from eight permanent 1 m2 plots subjected to different treatments: different fire type, different situation on the field, and with or without not fired soil addition. The regeneration strategies of the species and the influence of the different treatments on the flora are analyzed. The floristic composition dynamics follows a general model: the species began to appear progressively. The number of species grows gradually to reach a maximum between one and three years after the fire. Later, the number of species diminishes. Post fire species are those that existed before the fire, that is to say, there is an autosuccession process.

    [es] Se presentan los resultados de cuatro años de estudio sobre la evolución de la composición florística de un carrascal mediterráneo sometido a fuegos controlados en Navarra (N de España. Los muestreos se han llevado a cabo en ocho cuadrados permanentes de 1 m2 de superficie, cada uno sometido a distinto tratamiento: distinto tipo de fuego, distinta situación en la parcela y adición o no de suelo no quemado. Se analizan la estrategia de regeneración de las especies que aparecen después de los fuegos y la influencia de los tratamientos en la regeneración de la flora. La evolución de la composición florística sigue un modelo general: las especies empiezan a aparecer progresivamente, su número crece hasta obtener un máximo entre el año y los cuatro años después de los fuegos, a partir del cual disminuye. Las especies que aparecen son las mismas que había previamente, es decir, se da un proceso de autosucesión. [fr] On présente les résultats de quatre ans d'étude sur l'évolution de la composition floristique d'un bois de chêne vert méditerranéen soumis à des feux contr

  8. El Instituto Navarro de Administración Pública y el desarrollo de la Psicología Aplicada en Navarra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JESÚS RAMÓN LOITEGUI ALDAZ

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo muestra el desarrollo orgánico del Instituto de Psicología Aplicada de Navarra, creado en 1961, hasta convertirse en la actualidad en el Instituto Navarro de Administración Pública y su vinculación con la aplicación de la Psicología en Navarra. Finalizando la década de los años 60 las funciones propias del Instituto eran la orientación profesional, la selección profesional, la asistencia psiquiátrica y la investigación y promoción de la Psicología. Estas funciones se llevan a cabo en tres unidades: 1 Unidad de Psicología Educativa: En el curso 1962-1963 se inicia el proyecto de exploraciones psicológicas en los centros de educación primaria. En 1981 se instaura el Servicio de Orientación Psicopedagógica a los alumnos de E.G.B., Formación Profesional y Bachillerato, 2 Unidad de Psicología Clínica: En 1975 se instaura la Unidad de Psicología Clínica para ayudar a las personas que sufrían algún desajuste de tipo conductual. Se aportaban servicios de psicodiagnóstico, orientación personal y psicoterapia. Los pacientes podían ser remitidos por los distintos Departamentos de la Diputación o directamente, solicitando dichas prestaciones, 3 Unidad de Psicología del Trabajo: El área de Psicología del Trabajo es la que más se ha consolidado en el instituto, dado que el vertiginoso desarrollo del área educativa aconsejó que esta unidad pasara a depender, ya en 1983, de la Consejería de Educación. De igual forma y finalizando la década de los 70, la Unidad de Psicología Clínica pasó a integrarse en la Consejería de Sanidad. El Instituto de Psicología se convirtió en una verdadera consultoría interna del Gobierno de Navarra aplicando los conocimientos y las técnicas científicas de la Psicología Organizacional a las Administraciones Públicas. La introducción de la selección científica del personal en los procesos de oposición para el ingreso de las Administraciones Públicas comenz

  9. Vigilancia epidemiológica de las enfermedades transmisibles en Navarra, 2006 Epidemiology of notifiable diseases in Navarre, 2006

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    J. Castilla

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available La vigilancia epidemiológica en Navarra (601.874 habitantes en 2006 comprende 34 enfermedades de declaración obligatoria y los brotes epidémicos. La declaración es efectuada semanalmente por los médicos de pediatría, atención primaria y asistencia especializada, ante la sospecha de estos procesos, y se completa con los diagnósticos microbiológicos. En 2006 la incidencia de gripe alcanzó 16,8 casos por 1000 habitantes (índice epidémico, IE:0,46, presentando una onda estacional tardía (marzo de dimensiones bajas. La incidencia de tuberculosis respiratoria fue de 11,3 casos por 100.000 habitantes, y la de tuberculosis no respiratoria 2,3; ambas en rangos similares a las de los últimos años. Siete casos de tuberculosis ocurrieron en 3 agregaciones entre convivientes, y otros 7, en personas no convivientes residentes en el mismo municipio. El 6% de los casos estaban coinfectados por el VIH, y el 37% se produjeron en inmigrantes. La incidencia de enfermedad meningocócica ascendió a 19 casos (3,2 por 100.000 habitantes, IE:1,46, todos ellos esporádicos. En 16 se aisló Neisseria meningitidis serogrupo B. Hubo un caso por serogrupo C, en un niño que había recibido 3 dosis de vacuna conjugada. En 2 casos (11% se produjo el fallecimiento. La incidencia de legionelosis ascendió a 28 casos por 100.000 habitantes (IE:4,88, debido a un brote comunitario que afectó a 146 personas. Excluyendo este brote, la incidencia fue similar a la de años anteriores (3,3 por 100.000. En agosto se inició un brote de parotiditis que, hasta finales de 2006, había contabilizado 911 casos, y ha continuado durante 2007. Se registraron 11 casos de paludismo, todos importados. Las notificaciones de toxiinfecciones alimentarias han seguido disminuyendo (IE:0,48.Epidemiological vigilance in Navarre (601,874 inhabitants in 2006 included 34 diseases whose notification is compulsory and epidemic outbreaks. Notification is carried out on a weekly basis by the

  10. Análisis de residuos de herbicidas en aguas procedentes de Navarra mediante lc-ms/ms LC-MS/MS analysis of herbicide residues in waters from Navarre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Fraile

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. El objetivo del trabajo fue obtener información acerca de los residuos de herbicidas (imazametabenz, simazina, isoproturon, clortoluron, metribuzina, atrazina, cianazina, terbutrina, propanil, terbutilazina, alacloro y pendimetalina presentes en aguas procedentes de Navarra. Material y métodos. Se tomó un total de 465 muestras de agua; de ellas, 378 se obtuvieron en 141 abastecimientos; las 87 restantes procedieron de 37 fuentes, manantiales y sondeos situados en zonas agrícolas del sur de Navarra. La técnica empleada fue LC-MS/MS. Resultados. Se detectaron residuos de herbicidas en el 33% de los abastecimientos, y su concentración superó el límite normativo en el 8% de ellos. Se encontraron residuos de herbicidas en el 86% de las muestras de pozos y fuentes de zonas agrícolas del sur de Navarra. El número de abastecimientos con residuos de herbicidas aumentó de norte a sur de Navarra. No obstante, el porcentaje de abastecimientos en los que la concentración de herbicidas superó los límites fue mayor en la zona centro de Navarra que en la zona sur y norte. Imazametabenz fue el herbicida más detectado en las muestras de las zonas norte, centro y sur. Atrazina, terbutilazina e imazametabenz se detectaron preferentemente en las muestras de la zona sur. Conclusiones. Las diferencias entre las tres zonas de Navarra pueden explicarse atendiendo a las diferentes prácticas agrícolas de cada región. No se detectaron concentraciones de herbicidas superiores a los límites normativos en ninguna de las muestras de agua procedentes de las poblaciones mayoritarias de Navarra.Background. The aim of the study was to obtain information on the residues of herbicides (imazametabenz, simazine, isoproturon, clortoluron, metribuzine, atrazine, cianazine, terbutrin, propanil, terbutilazine, alachlor and pendimetalin present in water proceeding from Navarre. Material and methods. A total of 465 samples of water were taken: 378 were taken

  11. Actitudes, percepciones y factores asociados a la vacunación antigripal en los profesionales de atención primaria de Navarra, 2011-2012

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    I. Martínez-Baz

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. La vacuna de la gripe está indicada en los profesionales sanitarios para proteger su salud y la de sus pacientes. El objetivo fue describir la cobertura de vacunación antigripal en los profesionales de atención primaria durante la temporada 2011-12 en Navarra y estudiar los factores asociados a la vacunación. Material y métodos. Se envió una encuesta anónima vía web a los profesionales de atención primaria en 2012. La encuesta recogió información sobre el estado de vacunación antigripal de las últimas temporadas, sobre las actitudes y conocimientos de la vacuna y datos sociodemográficos y profesionales. Resultados. De 1.083 profesionales, 381 (35% completaron la encuesta: 54,3% profesionales de enfermería, 35,7% médicos de familia y 10% pediatras. En la temporada 2011-12 se habían vacunado el 56,2%, sin cambios significativos con respecto a temporadas previas. El principal predictor de la vacunación fue el haberse vacunado en alguna temporada previa (odds ratio (OR: 20,87; intervalo de confianza (IC 95%: 8,98-48,48. Se vacunaron más los que tenían personas con factores de riesgo en la familia (OR: 1,72; IC 95%: 1,05-2,84, los que estaban preocupados por enfermar (OR: 4,59; IC 95%: 2,30-9,15 y por contagiar a sus pacientes (OR: 6,29; IC 95%: 3,02-13,13. El haber participado en actividades formativas sobre gripe y vacunas no influyó en la decisión de vacunarse. Conclusiones. La cobertura de vacunación entre los profesionales sanitarios de atención primaria de Navarra está por debajo de los niveles deseables. Se debe mejorar la implicación de los profesionales en la estrategia de prevención de la gripe.

  12. Las aguas termales de Fitero (Navarra y Arnedillo (Rioja. l. Análisis geoquímico de los estados de equilibrio-desequilibrio en las surgencias

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    Tena Calvo, J. M.

    1988-08-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of the different chemical features between the thermal springs of Fitero (Navarra and Amedillo (Rioja, and between those thermal waters and other non-thermal ones in this area, has completed the geochemical characterization of both thermal manifestations. This characterization appear to confirm the existence of mixture phenomena in Fitero (in low proportions and the narrow compositional range between the thermal springs considered in Amedillo. Taken into account the different geochemical variations of the studied waters, we have related their compositional characters with circulation through different litologies. So, thermal waters are associated to evaporitic materials (Keuper facies with more saline characters for the Arnedillo thermal waters. On the other hand, the speciation-solubility analysis with WATEQ4F (Ba1l et al., 1987 of the spring chemical compositions and the study of associated deposits have allowed to stablish the physicochemical state at spring condition, a previous stage to determinate the thermodynamic water-rock interactions in the reservoir, at depth.El estudio de los caracteres geoquímicos diferenciales de las aguas termales de Fitero (Navarra y Amedillo (Rioja, tanto entre ambos grupos como con respecto a otras surgencias no termales de la zona, ha permitido constatar la existencia de fenómenos de mezcla de aguas en Fitero, y las escasas variaciones composicionales entre las distintas surgencias termales de Amedillo. Los caracteres composicionales distintivos han sido relacionados con la circulación de las aguas a través de distintas litologías, 10 que ha permitido deducir que mientras que las aguas no termales se encuentran relacionadas con materiales calcáreos, las termales 10 están con materiales calcáreo-evaporiticos (facies Keuper, de carácter sulfatado en el caso de Fitero y clorurado, más salino, en Arnedillo. Por último, el análisis del quimismo de las aguas termales mediante un modelo de

  13. Diferencias entre las ondas gripales de verano y de otoño durante la pandemia de gripe (H1N1 2009 en Navarra

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    Jesús Castilla

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: La gripe (H1N1 2009 produjo en Navarra una onda en verano y otra en otoño de 2009. El objetivo de este trabajo es comparar las características de ambas ondas epidémicas. Métodos: Analizamos la notificación individualizada de gripe, las confirmaciones virológicas en la red centinela de atención primaria, y los casos hospitalizados con confirmación de gripe en Navarra y comparamos los periodos de verano (semanas 21 a 39 de 2009 y otoño-invierno (semanas 40 de 2009 a 20 de 2010. Resultados: Durante 2009 hubo dos ondas de gripe A(H1N12009, con picos en julio y noviembre. En verano (semana 21 a 39 se notificaron 4.389 casos de síndrome gripal, siendo los más afectados los adultos jóvenes (58! entre 15 y 44 años. La mayor incidencia se registró tras las fiestas de San Fermín (92 casos por 100.000 en la semana 29 con retorno inmediato a niveles basales. En otoño se produjo una segunda onda que alcanzó tasas 7 veces mayores (667 casos por 100.000 en la semana 45 y se mantuvieron 9 semanas por encima del umbral epidémico, siendo el grupo de edad más afectado el de niños de 5 a 14 años (111 por 1000. En el pico de las dos ondas el porcentaje de frotis confirmados para gripe superó el 60!. Durante el verano se produjeron 66 ingresos con confirmación de gripe (H1N12009, y en otoño 158. La proporción de casos que requirieron ingresos en hospital fue mayor en verano (1,5! que en otoño (0,8!; p<0,0001. Conclusión: La circulación de la gripe fue mucho menor en verano. La aparición de casos graves se produjo tanto en momentos con alta como con baja incidencia de síndromes gripales.

  14. Impacto de la vacunación frente a la gripe (H1N12009 en Navarra: comparación de diferentes escenarios

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    Jesús Castilla

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: En 2009 se realizó una campaña de vacunación específica frente a la gripe (H1N1 2009. El objetivo de este trabajo es evaluar su impacto en Navarra. Métodos: En la cohorte de población no institucionalizada de enfermos crónicos cubiertos por el Servicio Navarro de Salud (N=131.333, asumiendo una efectividad del 100! desde el octavo día tras la administración de la vacuna pandémica, estimamos su impacto en la prevención de casos y de hospitalizaciones por gripe (H1N1 2009 entre las semanas 47/2009 y 3/2010. Resultados: En las nueve semanas del estudio se diagnosticaron 973 casos de síndrome gripal (7 por 1000. El 28! fueron debidos a gripe (H1N1 2009. Además hubo 14 personas hospitalizadas con confirmación virológica (11 por 100.000. Con una cobertura de vacuna del 19! (frente al 40! de la estacional se logró prevenir el 7,7! de los casos y el 10,5! de las hospitalizaciones durante el periodo de estudio. Se administraron 1.092 dosis de vacuna pandémica por cada caso prevenido y 15.021 dosis por cada hospitalización evitada. Con una cobertura idéntica a la de la vacuna estacional se habría conseguido prevenir 16,2! de los casos y 22,2! de las hospitalizaciones. Si se hubiese duplicado esta cobertura y adelantado la campaña de vacunación dos semanas se habrían prevenido 70,7! de los casos y 68,0! de los ingresos, necesitando 261 dosis para prevenir un caso y 6206 dosis para evitar una hospitalización. Conclusión: A pesar de la elevada efectividad de la vacuna su impacto en Navarra fue mínimo, debido a la baja cobertura y al inicio tardío de la campaña de vacunación.

  15. Programa de cirugía bariátrica laparoscópica en la Clínica Universidad de Navarra-Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra: resultados a un año Laparoscopic bariatric surgery program in the University Clinic of Navarre - Hospital Complex of Navarre: results after 1-year follow-up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Valentí Azcárate

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. La prevalencia de obesidad en España en los últimos años muestra un incremento alarmante. El fracaso repetido de las pautas de alimentación equilibrada, actividad física, educación nutricional y farmacoterapia han conducido a la necesidad de utilizar la cirugía bariátrica tanto para el mantenimiento de la pérdida ponderal a largo plazo, como para la resolución de las comorbilidades asociadas. En el presente trabajo se pretende analizar los resultados iniciales de la puesta en marcha del programa de cirugía bariátrica laparoscópica en Navarra obtenidos en un grupo de pacientes obesos con indicación quirúrgica e intervenidos mediante el bypass gástrico laparoscópico (BPGYR. Material y métodos. Desde enero de 2010 hasta diciembre de 2011 se realizaron 47 BPGYR por vía laparoscópica en la Clínica Universidad de Navarra procedentes todos ellos de la Comunidad Foral de Navarra y evaluados previa y posteriormente en el Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra. De ellos, se han seleccionado para este trabajo los primeros 19 casos por presentar al menos un año de seguimiento. Resultados. El porcentaje de exceso de IMC perdido (PEIMCP fue del 65,47%, con una disminución del porcentaje de peso total de 31,68%. Las cifras de glucosa, ácido úrico, tensión arterial y metabolismo lipídico al año de la intervención presentaron un descenso progresivo muy significativo, No se presentaron complicaciones importantes médicas ni quirúrgicas. Conclusiones. El bypass gástrico por laparoscopia es un técnica eficaz para el tratamiento a largo plazo de la obesidad mórbida, con escaso número de complicaciones, excelente pérdida de peso y curación o mejora de las co-morbilidades asociadas en estos pacientes.Background. The prevalence of obesity in Spain in recent years has shown an alarming increase. The repeated failure of balanced food patterns, physical activity, nutritional education and pharmacotherapy have led to the need to

  16. Una ciudad de los vascones en el yacimiento de Campo Real/Fillera (Sos del Rey Católico-Sangüesa

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    Andreu Pintado, Javier

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The following paper deals with the detailed and preliminary study of the archaeological site of Campo Real/Fillera (Sos del Rey Católico/Sangüesa, between today Zaragoza and Navarra provinces specially focusing in its Roman period. The paper exposes a review of the archeological and epigraphical material from the site, proposes an urban condition for it and raises some hypothesis on its identification with one of the cities that ancient sources tribued to Vascones.El presente trabajo aborda el estudio detallado y preliminar del yacimiento arqueológico de Campo Real/Fillera (Sos del Rey Católico/Sangüesa, en el límite entre las actuales provincias de Zaragoza y Navarra con especial atención a su etapa romana. Se procede a la revisión del material arqueológico y epigráfico procedente del lugar, se defiende la condición de enclave urbano del yacimiento y se plantea una hipótesis respecto de su identificación con las ciudades que las fuentes antiguas atribuyen a los Vascones.

  17. Uso de la web 2.0 como herramienta de marketing y difusión de Dadun, el repositorio institucional de la Universidad de Navarra

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    Cózar Santiago, Amparo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Teniendo presente los continuos cambios que están afectando tanto al personal investigador como a los bibliotecarios, nos vemos en la necesidad de estar en un continuo proceso de aprendizaje. Debemos aprender a establecer una conversación con los usuarios, buscar nuevos canales de comunicación, y proporcionarles las herramientas necesarias para la comprensión del mundo en el que está desarrollando su quehacer profesional o su investigación. Encontramos los repositorios como vías de comunicación de la investigación, así como de difusión y preservación. Pero no hemos de conformarnos con el simple hecho de tener un repositorio en nuestra institución, sino que debemos darlo a conocer a nuestra comunidad. En el presente trabajo se hace un recorrido por las distintas acciones emprendidas en la Biblioteca de la Universidad de Navarra, deteniéndonos en el blog “Investigación Científica en Abierto”.

  18. Tendencias recientes de las principales causas de muerte en Navarra: 1995-2004 Recent trends of the main causes of death in Navarre: 1995-2004

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    C. Moreno-Iribas

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan las estadísticas de mortalidad de Navarra para el periodo 1995-2004 por sexo, edad y causa de muerte. Material y métodos. Los datos proceden de los boletines estadísticos de defunción. Se comparan el periodo 1995-1999 con el periodo 2000-2004, utilizando las tasas ajustadas a la población de Navarra del año 2001 y la tasa de años potenciales de vida perdidos entre 0-70 años ajustada a la población europea. Resultados. La esperanza de vida al nacer en el periodo 2000-2004 fue de 77,9 años en los hombres y 85 años en las mujeres, esta última una de las más altas registradas a nivel mundial. El riesgo de muerte ha diminuido en prácticamente todos los grupos de edad, destacando un descenso de la mortalidad del 40% en el grupo de 25-34 años a costa del sida. La mortalidad infantil bajó hasta 3,3 por 1.000 recién nacidos vivos. Ha habido un importante incremento de la mortalidad por cáncer de pulmón entre las mujeres menores de 65 años (46% en el quinquenio 2000-04 respecto al anterior y un fuerte descenso de la mortalidad por cáncer de mama (45,4%. Han continuado disminuyendo en ambos sexos la mortalidad por enfermedades cerebrovasculares, enfermedad isquémica del corazón, insuficiencia cardiaca y arterioesclerosis así como la mortalidad por úlceras y cirrosis. Las tasas de mortalidad de Navarra de todos los grandes grupos de causas son más bajas que las de España excepto la tasa de mortalidad por causas externas. Conclusiones. El incremento de la mortalidad por cáncer de pulmón y de otros cánceres relacionados con el tabaquismo debido a la extensión del consumo en las últimas décadas puede influir negativamente en la esperanza de vida de las mujeres de Navarra en los próximos años. La prevención de la mortalidad por causas externas y la prevención de las muertes ligadas al consumo de tabaco son dos prioridades que se desprenden de los datos de mortalidad de esta comunidad autónoma.We present the

  19. Confirmación de la reproducción de Gomphus graslinii (Rambur, 1844 y odonatofauna fluvial de los Prepirineos del este de Navarra

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    Torralba-Burrial, A., Armendariz, C., Rabina, E., Llamas, A., Nores, C.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Gomphus graslinii (Rambur, 1844 es una libélula amenazada incluida en el Catálogo Español de Especies Amenazadas y en la Directiva Hábitats de la Unión Europea. Presenta una distribución sumamente fragmentada en la Península Ibérica, siendo muy escasas las poblaciones conocidas y citas publicadas en su cuadrante nororiental, entre ellas dos citas de especímenes adultos en Navarra. Se ha buscado en ríos prepirenaicos del oriente navarro, muestreándose 23 tramos en la zona y aportándose datos sobre su reproducción en dos tramos del río Salazar. Se proporcionan también datos de otras 24 especies de odonatos, incluyendo a Gomphus simillimus Selys, 1840 y Coenagrion caerulescens (Fonscolombe, 1838, consideradas como vulnerables en el Atlas y Libro Rojo de los Invertebrados de España.

  20. Descripción y narración en las primeras guías turísticas de Navarra (1904-1929

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    María Cristina Bordonaba Zabalza

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Con el presente trabajo nos proponemos analizar cuatro guías turísticas de Navarra del periodo comprendidoentre 1904-1929. En el análisis textual se observan las simetrías y disimetrías que presenta la macroestructura, así como las estrategias discursivas y léxicas que intervienen en la función persuasiva. Desde un enfoque comparatista, el cotejo delas guías conduce a la refl exión lingüística e ideológica - en esta fase de asentamiento delgénero del turismo guía - sobre el tipo de procedimientos descriptivos que el emisor lleva a cabo para representar la imagen de un lugar, y responder a lasexpectativas del destinatario. Concordamos con Adam (2006, en que todo procedimiento descriptivo está indisolublemente ligado a un punto de vista y, consecuentemente, al tipo de imagen que el emisor se propone representar.

  1. Real Language Meets Real Business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muirhead, Muirhead; Schechter, Sarah

    2016-01-01

    The Real Business Language Challenge was a collaborative pilot project between Coca-Cola Enterprises (CCE) and Routes into Languages East for Year 9 and 10 pupils. It was based on CCE's award-winning Real Business Challenge, part of its highly acclaimed education programme. The Real Business Language Challenge transformed the project into a…

  2. Real Talk on Real Estate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    What’s hot and what’s not in China’s property market The Beijing 2008 Olympics is a giant magnet for real estate investment, but how far-reaching is its pull? Is it a good time to buy real estate in second-tier cities? And could a bal- looning worldwide real estate bubble have ramifications for China? Inquiring minds want to know the answers to all these questions in real estate circles. Experts may not always answer harmoniously, but unless you have a villa empire, their advice could help you conquer this tricky market more successfully. No bubble in Beijing or beyond The Olympic effect will cause real

  3. AJUSTE PSICOLÓGICO EMOCIONAL EN LA POBLACIÓN INFANTO JUVENIL EN SITUACIÓN DE CONFLICTO SOCIAL, UNA APROXIMACIÓN A LOS ESTILOS DE AFRONTAMIENTO PERSONAL. EL CASO DE NAVARRA

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    Miguel Ángel Gurbindo Marin

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on analysis of children and adolescents who live in social conflict. Their identity has been formed in a severe and prolonged context of appalling neglect which does not cover their physical-biological, emotional and social needs. Therefore those human beings do not develop their skills to interact with their relatives and ensure the stability of the family unit. The extent of this phenomenon, as one of the many faces of social exclusion, is not so big in Navarra; however it must be taken into account that lack of protection, psychosocial impairment and permanent social conflict increases the risk that pubertal children suffer mental health problems.

  4. Estudio y mejora de la eficiencia energética de la casa de cultura de Peralta (Navarra) mediante la implantación de un sistema inteligente de control

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    El objetivo de este proyecto es estudiar los sistemas eléctricos y de climatización existentes en la casa de cultura de Peralta (Navarra) y realizar una mejora de la eficiencia energética mediante la implantación de un sistema de control inteligente. Además se buscará obtener ventajas adicionales mediante la implantación de nuevas funcionalidades como el control de accesos, alarmas técnicas, gestión centralizada, etc. Como fin último se estimará el ahorro tanto energético como económico...

  5. Registro fósil precuaternario de tetrápodos en los Pirineos occidentales

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    Ana Berreteaga

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El estudio de los niveles fosilíferos continentales y marinos del Cretácico Superior y del Terciario de la Región Vasco-Cantabrica (Sinclinorio Subcantábrico y cuencas surpirenaicas adyacentes (Cuenca de Pamplona, Sector Noroccidental de la Depresión del Ebro ha puesto de manifiesto su potencial paleontológico en restos fósiles de vertebrados. Algunos de estos yacimientos son de gran relevancia en el Cretácico final de Europa, incluyendo nuevas especies de tortugas, escamosos, cocodrilos, dinosaurios y mamíferos. En la misma cantera del yacimiento alavés de Zambrana, compuesta principalmente por reptiles y mamíferos, es de gran interés paleontológico y contribuye a un mejor conocimiento de las faunas del Eoceno superior de la Península Ibérica. En Zambrana se ha reconocido hasta la fecha varias nuevas especies de perisodáctilos ecuoideos. En el Neogeno, se han descubierto nuevas localidades del Mioceno (Rambliense, Aragoniense en las Bardenas Reales de Navarra y otras áreas colindantes de la Cuenca del Ebro, que han proporcionado restos de anfibios, escamosos, tortugas, cocodrilos, aves y varios grupos de mamíferos. Por otro lado, una notable variedad de icnofacies de aves y mamíferos ha sido hallada en diferentes afloramientos de los potentes depósitos marinos litorales (Eoceno superior y continentales (Oligoceno-Mioceno inferior de la Alta Navarra.

  6. Evaluación del programa de Vigilancia Epidemiológica en Salud laboral: Red de Médicos Centinela de Salud Laboral en Navarra (1998-2007 Evaluation of the Sentinel Surveillance Program in Occupational Health in Navarra (1998-2007

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    V. García López

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. Evaluar el programa de Vigilancia Epidemiológica en Salud Laboral, Red de Médicos Centinela de Salud Laboral en Navarra, periodo 1998-2007, como herramienta útil para la detección de patología de origen laboral en atención primaria; identificar los factores que facilitan su notificación y describir las características sociodemográficas de los casos registrados. Métodos. Se han analizado los sucesos centinela ocupacionales notificados por atención primaria entre 1998 y 2005 y que fueron estudiados hasta 2007. Resultados. En el periodo fueron notificados 2.055 casos, 1.223 con identificación personal y 832 sin datos de identificación (59,5% y 40,5%, respectivamente. Comprenden a 1.192 tendinitis de codo, 360 casos de túnel carpiano, 86 de asma ocupacional/RADS y 417 de dermatosis. Supone una incidencia en 2005 de 332,8 por 100.000 trabajadores. Únicamente el 21,9% de los casos estaba de baja laboral. El 10,5% de los casos habían consultado en atención primaria por rechazo de atención en Mutua de Accidentes de Trabajo y Enfermedades Profesionales. El valor predictivo positivo del sistema es del 72 % (casos confirmados como laborales. El 41% tienen algún parte de enfermedad profesional; en el 51% fue anterior su notificación como profesional y en el 49% como suceso centinela. Conclusiones. El programa de Vigilancia Epidemiológica en Salud Laboral implantado en Navarra constituye una buena experiencia para la detección de patología de posible origen laboral que se está atendiendo en el sistema público de salud y exige, fundamentalmente, una buena labor de coordinación.Background. To evaluate the Sentinel Surveillance Program in Occupational Health in Navarre for the 1998-2007 period, identify factors that facilitate its implementation and describe the socioeconomic characteristics of the notified cases. Method. An analysis was made of all occupational sentinel events reported by primary care between 1998 and 2005

  7. [Fingolimod: effectiveness and safety in routine clinical practice. An observational, retrospective, multi-centre study in Navarra, Gipuzkoa and La Rioja].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayuso, T; Marzo-Sola, M E; Castillo-Trivino, T; Soriano, G; Otano, M A; Lopez, M A; Croitoru, I M; Olascoaga, J

    2016-09-05

    Objetivo. Evaluar la efectividad y seguridad del fingolimod en la practica clinica en las regiones de Navarra, Gipuzkoa y La Rioja. Pacientes y metodos. Estudio retrospectivo y multicentrico de pacientes con esclerosis multiple recurrente tratados con fingolimod, siguiendo la ficha tecnica. Se evaluo la tasa anualizada de brotes (TAB), el porcentaje de pacientes libres de brotes, la discapacidad usando la escala expandida del estado de discapacidad (EDSS) y el porcentaje de pacientes sin lesiones captantes de gadolinio. Resultados. Un total de 113 pacientes fueron tratados con fingolimod: el 6%, naive, y el 58% y 35%, pacientes tratados previamente con inmunomodulador y natalizumab, respectivamente. El fingolimod disminuyo la TAB tras el primer (67%; 1 a 0,3; p < 0,0001) y segundo (89%; 1 a 0,1; p < 0,0001) año de tratamiento, y aumento asi el porcentaje de pacientes libres de brotes durante el tratamiento. La EDSS basal fue 3 y despues del tratamiento con fingolimod fue 2,5 en ambos años. El porcentaje de pacientes sin lesiones captantes de gadolinio tras el primer año de tratamiento fue del 77%. Resultados similares se observaron en los pacientes naive y en los tratados previamente con inmunomodulador. En los pacientes tratados previamente con natalizumab no se observaron cambios tras el tratamiento. Conclusiones. El uso del fingolimod en la practica clinica mostro una efectividad similar a la eficacia observada en ensayos clinicos. No hubo cambios en la TAB al cambiar desde natalizumab, y solo un paciente tras suspender el natalizumab presento 'rebrote'. El fingolimod se comporta como un farmaco seguro, con escasos efectos adversos y con un bajo porcentaje de abandonos.

  8. Chemical characterisation and source apportionment of PM2.5 and PM10 at rural, urban and traffic sites in Navarra (North of Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aldabe, J.; Elustondo, D.; Santamaría, C.; Lasheras, E.; Pandolfi, M.; Alastuey, A.; Querol, X.; Santamaría, J. M.

    2011-10-01

    PM10 and PM2.5 levels, concentrations of major components, trace elements, pH, conductivity and source apportionment were evaluated from samples collected during 2009 at three different locations (rural, urban and urban-traffic) in Navarra (North of Spain). Mean particulate matter concentrations were below the annual limit value for PM10 and annual target value for PM2.5 established by the European Directive 2008/50/EC and similar to those recorded at other locations in the North of Spain. The major components of PM10 in the three sampling stations were, by order of importance, OC + EC, NO3- and non-marine sulphate (nmSO42-), whereas the major components of PM2.5 were OC + EC, nmSO42- and NO3-. ΔpH values indicated that PM2.5 samples were more acidic than PM10 ones. The 90-96% of total trace elements contribution in PM2.5 and PM10 were described by P, Ti, Cr, Mn, Ni, Cu, Zn, Sr, Sn, Ba and Pb. Concentrations of those elements were lower than values obtained in Pamplona in 2002-2004 and similar to those found in other sub-urban and urban Spanish cities. PMF model identified 5 principle sources for PM10 and PM2.5 in Iturrama and Plaza de la Cruz (crustal, secondary sulphate, secondary nitrate, traffic and sea-salt aerosols) and 4 sources for PM10 in Bertiz (crustal, secondary sulphate, secondary nitrate and sea-salt).

  9. Fruit and vegetable consumption is inversely associated with blood pressure in a Mediterranean population with a high vegetable-fat intake: the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN) Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alonso, Alvaro; de la Fuente, Carmen; Martín-Arnau, Ana M; de Irala, Jokin; Martínez, J Alfredo; Martínez-González, Miguel Angel

    2004-08-01

    There is evidence that a diet rich in fruit and vegetables reduces blood pressure (BP). Characteristically, the Mediterranean diet is rich in plant-derived foods and also in fat, but studies conducted in Mediterranean countries to relate diet to BP are scarce. We studied the association between fruit and vegetable consumption and BP in a cross-sectional analysis of 4393 participants in the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN) Study, an ongoing dynamic cohort study in Spain. Diet was measured using a food-frequency questionnaire previously validated in Spain. Fat represented more than 37 % total energy intake. Subjects were considered to have undiagnosed hypertension if they reported systolic BP > or = 140 mmHg or diastolic BP > or = 90 mmHg, and not a medical diagnosis of hypertension. The adjusted prevalence odds ratio of undiagnosed hypertension (upper v. lowest quintile) was 0.58 (95 % CI 0.36, 0.91; P for trend 0.01) for vegetable consumption and 0.68 (95 % CI 0.43, 1.09; P for trend 0.10) for fruit consumption. Comparing those in the highest quintile of both fruit and vegetable consumption with those in the lowest quintile of both food groups, the prevalence odds ratio was 0.23 (95 % CI 0.10, 0.55; P = 0.001), after adjusting for risk factors for hypertension and other dietary exposures. In a Mediterranean population with an elevated fat consumption, a high fruit and vegetable intake is inversely associated with BP levels.

  10. Association between dietary intake of polychlorinated biphenyls and the incidence of hypertension in a Spanish cohort: the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donat-Vargas, Carolina; Gea, Alfredo; Sayon-Orea, Carmen; de la Fuente-Arrillaga, Carmen; Martinez-Gonzalez, Miguel Angel; Bes-Rastrollo, Maira

    2015-04-01

    Polychlorinated biphenyls are persistent organic pollutants that are consumed because of their bioaccumulation through the food chain. Evidence from different sources suggests a positive association between polychlorinated biphenyls exposure and the incidence of hypertension. However, no previous prospective study has investigated this potential relationship in adults. We prospectively assessed the association between dietary intake of polychlorinated biphenyls and the incidence of hypertension in a large cohort. The Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra project is a Spanish cohort of university graduates, most of them health professionals. We included 14521 participants, initially free of hypertension, who were followed-up for a median of 8.3 years. Dietary intake of polychlorinated biphenyls was assessed at baseline through a previously validated 136-item semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. The published concentration levels of polychlorinated biphenyls measured in samples of food consumed in Spain were used to estimate dietary intake. Multivariable Cox regression models were fitted to estimate hazard ratios and 95% confidence interval for incident hypertension. During follow-up, 1497 incident cases of medically diagnosed hypertension were identified. After adjusting for total energy intake and for potential confounders, participants in the fifth quintile of total polychlorinated biphenyls intake were at higher risk of developing hypertension (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.43 [95% confidence interval, 1.09-1.88; P for trend 0.017]) compared with those in the first quintile. In this Mediterranean cohort, dietary intake of polychlorinated biphenyls, estimated using a food frequency questionnaire, was associated with a higher risk of developing hypertension during follow-up. Nevertheless, further longitudinal studies are needed to confirm our results.

  11. Association between dietary carbohydrate intake quality and micronutrient intake adequacy in a Mediterranean cohort: the SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra) Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zazpe, Itziar; Sánchez-Taínta, Ana; Santiago, Susana; de la Fuente-Arrillaga, Carmen; Bes-Rastrollo, Maira; Martínez, J Alfredo; Martínez-González, Miguel Ángel

    2014-06-14

    Epidemiological research confirms that the prevalence of suboptimal micronutrient intakes across Europe is an emerging concern in terms of public health. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between a new index of carbohydrate (CHO) quality and micronutrient intake adequacy in the 'Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN)' cohort. The baseline assessment extended from 1999 to March 2012. We assessed 16,841 participants who completed a validated 136-item semi-quantitative FFQ at baseline. We created a new index to evaluate CHO quality for the following four criteria: dietary fibre intake; glycaemic index; whole grains:total grains ratio; solid CHO:total CHO ratio. The subjects were classified into quintiles according to this index. We evaluated the intakes of Zn, I, Se, Fe, Ca, K, P, Mg, Cr and vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B12, C, A, D, E and folic acid. The probability of intake adequacy was evaluated using the estimated average requirement cut-point approach and the probabilistic approach. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the nutritional adequacy according to the CHO quality index (CQI). Participants in the highest quintile of CQI were found to have the lowest prevalence of inadequacy. A higher quality of CHO intake was found to be associated with a lower risk of nutritional inadequacy in comparison with the lowest quintile of CQI (adjusted OR 0·06, 95 % CI 0·02, 0·16; P for trend < 0·001). A higher CQI was found to be strongly associated with better micronutrient intake adequacy in the young Mediterranean cohort, stressing the importance of focusing nutritional education not only on CHO quantity, but also on quality.

  12. Las vacunaciones antivariólicas en Navarra (España entre septiembre y noviembre de 1801 Smallpox vaccinations in Navarre (Spain between September and November 1801

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.J. Viñes

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Se da noticia de la localización en el Archivo de D. Gaspar Castellano de Gastón, del documento que atestigua las primeras inoculaciones con linfa vacunal en Errazu, localidad del Valle de Baztán (Navarra, realizadas el 2 de Noviembre de 1801, por el médico de San Juan de Pie de Puerto (Francia Dr. Iribarren Ayzin, desde el brazo de una muchacha francesa de 18 años, conducida personalmente por él, a instancia de D. Josef Juaquín Gastón Alcalde del Valle del Baztán. El nuevo hallazgo sirve de homenaje 200 años después a la primera expedición de Salud Pública entre 1803 y 1806, dirigida por el médico alicantino D. Francisco Xavier Balmis, dando la vuelta al mundo, con el fin de difundir la vacuna entre todas las razas y zonas del mundo conocidas.We communicate the discovery in the Archive of D. Gaspar Castellano de Gastón of a document providing evidence of the first inoculations with lymph vaccine in Errazu, a village in the Baztán Valley (Navarre. These were carried out on November 2nd 1801, by a doctor from San Juan Pie de Puerto (France, Dr. Iribarren Ayzin, from the arm of a French girl aged 18, personally brought by him at the request of D. Josef Juaquín Gastón, Mayor of the Baztán Valley. The new finding serves as homage, 200 hundred years later, to the first Public Health expedition, carried out between 1803 and 1806, which travelled around the world in order to spread the vaccine amongst all the races and areas of the known world. The expedition was led by D. Francisco Xavier Balmis, a doctor from Alicante.

  13. Supervivencia según vía de abordaje quirúrgico en pacientes con adenocarcinoma de endometrio tratadas en Navarra en el periodo 2001-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Ibarrola Vidaurre

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. El adenocarcinoma de endometrio es la neoplasia ginecológica más frecuente tras el cáncer de mama y representa el 6% de todos los cánceres de la mujer. El tratamiento fundamental de dicha enfermedad es la cirugía. La mayoría de los casos se diagnostican en estadios iniciales y la cirugía será curativa; en otras ocasiones es necesario añadir radioterapia o quimioterapia. El tratamiento clásico del adenocarcinoma de endometrio es la histerectomía con doble anexectomía por vía laparotómica, añadiendo según las características del caso la linfadenectomía pélvica, paraaórtica y omentectomía. Durante los últimos 10-15 años se ha introducido la laparoscopia en el tratamiento quirúrgico del adenocarcinoma de endometrio. El objetivo principal de este trabajo es analizar los casos de adenocarcinoma de endometrio intervenidos quirúrgicamente en el antiguo hospital Virgen de Camino (hoy Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra durante el periodo 2001-2009. Material y métodos. Se ha recogido una cohorte histórica de 444 pacientes con diagnóstico de adenocarcinoma de endometrio durante el periodo 2001-2009, que recibieron tratamiento quirúrgico, así como su seguimiento durante 4 años. Conclusiones. Los resultados confirman que la vía laparoscópica es una alternativa segura a la laparotomía clásica ya que no afecta a la supervivencia ni al tiempo libre de enfermedad tanto en el adenocarcinoma endometrioide como en el no endometrioide.

  14. Real Forestry for Real Estate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagnon, Jennifer; Fisher, Jason

    2013-01-01

    Virginia is poised to see an unprecedented change in forest land ownership. To provide new landowners with information on sustainable forest management, we developed a two-part program, Real Forestry for Real Estate. First, we assembled New Landowner Packets, which contain a variety of sustainable forest management resources. Second, two…

  15. Design and construction of models of solar thermal facilities in the ''Centro integrado de FP superior de energias renovables de Imarcoain''(Navarra); Maquetas de instalaciones solares termicas para la formacion profesional de grado superior en el centro integrado de formacion profesional superior de energias renovables

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hernandez, M. A.; Orus, L. M.; Yerro, C.; Aguado, H.; Cambra, T.; Oroz, J.

    2004-07-01

    This article shows how we have approached the solar energy installations in the ''Centro integrado de FP superior de energias renovables de Imarcoain''(Navarra) with the design and construction of models which allow us to teach in this type of installations at different levels. (Author)

  16. El signum equitum de Altikogaña y el santuario del Balcón de Lazkua (Eraul, Navarra: simbología y religión de un poblado protohistórico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antxoka Martínez-Velasco, Pedro Argandoña Otxandorena

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Las Peñas de Larrión, entre los valles de Allín y Yerri (Navarra, albergan uno de los más variados conjuntos arqueológicos de Navarra, con un abanico cronológico que se extiende desde la Prehistoria hasta las Guerras Carlistas. Destaca entre ellos por su importancia histórica y los materiales allí hallados el poblado fortificado de Altikogaña, ocupado durante toda la II. Edad del Hierro y con un final trágico tras su asalto y destrucción por parte de tropas romanas. En este trabajo se da a conocer un nuevo signum equitum procedente de Altikogaña así como el santuario de la Peña de Lazkua, que forma un conjunto con Altikogaña y completa el panorama de la Protohistoria en estas peñas.

  17. Efecto de la cohorte de nacimiento, período de diagnóstico y de la edad en la incidencia de cáncer en Navarra, 1973-1997 Effect of birth cohort, period of diagnosis and age on cancer incidence in Navarra, 1973-1997

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. González Diego

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. Los registros de cáncer poblacionales son una fuente única de información sobre la incidencia de cáncer. El estudio sistemático de la incidencia en una determinada población es una herramienta fundamental para estimar la magnitud actual y futura del cáncer y aporta elementos de decisión en la asignación de recursos de salud. El objeto del presente trabajo ha sido investigar el patrón de la tendencia temporal de la incidencia de cáncer en Navarra en el período comprendido entre 1973 y 1997, e identificar los componentes edad, período de diagnóstico y cohorte de nacimiento como determinantes de la tendencia temporal de la incidencia observada. Material y métodos. Estudio descriptivo de incidencia de cáncer mediante modelos edad-período-cohorte. Seguimiento de una cohorte dinámica durante 25 años. Se calculan indicadores sumarizadores clásicos de incidencia. Se utilizan modelos log-lineales de Poisson para cuantificar el riesgo de cáncer, así como la tendencia relativa anual. Se ajustan modelos edad-período-cohorte para conocer el efecto sobre la tendencia temporal de los componentes edad, período de diagnóstico y cohorte de nacimiento. Resultados. La tasa estandarizada de incidencia para todas las localizaciones -excepto piel no melanoma- es máxima para el quinquenio 1993-1997, en hombres: 304,1 casos nuevos por cada 100.000 personas-año y en mujeres: 190,6 casos nuevos por cada 100.000 personas-año. El cambio medio de la incidencia es del 1,88% (IC del 95%: 1,69 a 2,07 en hombres y del 1,32% (IC del 95%: 1,09 a 1,54 en mujeres para cada uno de los 25 años de seguimiento de la serie estudiada. En las mujeres el incremento de la incidencia es más acusado en el rango de edad de 35 a 64 años: 2,1% (IC del 95%: 1,76 a 2,45, hecho que debe alertar sobre la evolución futura del cáncer en la mujer. En el análisis de los componentes de la tendencia, se observan incrementos sostenidos del riesgo de cáncer para

  18. Real analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Loeb, Peter A

    2016-01-01

    This textbook is designed for a year-long course in real analysis taken by beginning graduate and advanced undergraduate students in mathematics and other areas such as statistics, engineering, and economics. Written by one of the leading scholars in the field, it elegantly explores the core concepts in real analysis and introduces new, accessible methods for both students and instructors. The first half of the book develops both Lebesgue measure and, with essentially no additional work for the student, general Borel measures for the real line. Notation indicates when a result holds only for Lebesgue measure. Differentiation and absolute continuity are presented using a local maximal function, resulting in an exposition that is both simpler and more general than the traditional approach. The second half deals with general measures and functional analysis, including Hilbert spaces, Fourier series, and the Riesz representation theorem for positive linear functionals on continuous functions with compact support....

  19. Caracterización de escorias metalúrgicas procedentes de yacimientos arqueológicos de Navarra (Siglos II a.C.- IV d.C.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ros-Latienda, L.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The Archaeology Section of the Government of Navarre put forward a proposal to undertake research in the characterization of a set of pieces from 2nd century B.C. to 4th century A.D. retrieved from excavations in different archaeological sites in this province, to obtain data related to the manufacturing process of the investigated artefacts and to compare the level of technical skills in different times and places, so as to achieve a better understanding of technological abilities and material culture. The finds discussed in this paper are of interest from an archaeometallurgical point of view, and they consist mainly of metallurgical slags, remains of manufactured pieces, and minerals residues used to obtain various metals. In addition to carrying out their chemical analyses by inductively coupled plasma (ICP, the study of six samples was performed by optical and scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray microanalysis (EDX which revealed the composition of large areas of the slags, and the study was finally completed by the determination of the phases present by X rays diffraction.Desde la Sección de Arqueología del Gobierno de Navarra llegó la propuesta de caracterizar una serie de piezas comprendidas entre el siglo II a.C. y el siglo IV d.C. procedentes de yacimientos arqueológicos de esta provincia con objeto de obtener datos relacionados con la tecnología que las produjo y poder comparar el grado de desarrollo técnico de diferentes épocas y lugares. Interesaba el estudio de estas piezas desde el punto de vista metalúrgico, habiendo entre ellas mayoritariamente escorias metalúrgicas, restos de piezas fabricadas y restos minerales utilizados en la obtención de diversos metales. Además de proceder a su análisis químico mediante técnica de plasma acoplado inductivamente (ICP, se estudiaron seis muestras mediante microscopía óptica, electrónica de barrido y microanálisis por energía dispersiva de rayos X (EDAX

  20. Impacto de la vacunación universal frente a la varicela en Navarra, 2006-2010 Impact of universal varicella vaccination in Navarre, 2006-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. García Cenoz

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. En 2007 se introdujo la vacunación universal frente a la varicela en el calendario vacunal de Navarra. Este estudio tiene por objeto evaluar el impacto de dicha medida en la incidencia de varicela tanto en las cohortes vacunadas (efecto directo, como en las no vacunadas (efecto indirecto. Material y métodos. La varicela es una enfermedad de declaración obligatoria individualizada. Analizamos la incidencia anual por grupos de edad entre 2006 y 2010. Del conjunto mínimo básico de datos al alta hospitalaria se tomaron los ingresos con diagnóstico principal de varicela o de varicela complicada de los años 2006 a 2009. Resultados. La incidencia de varicela ha disminuido un 93,0%, desde 8,04 casos por 1.000 habitantes en 2006 a 0,56 por 1000 habitantes en 2010 (pBackground. In 2007 universal varicella vaccination was introduced in the childhood immunization schedule of of Navarre. The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of this measure on the incidence of varicella in both vaccinated cohorts (direct effect and in the unvaccinated (indirect effect. Material and methods. Varicella is a notifiable disease. We analyzed the annual incidence by age groups between 2006 and 2010. Hospital admissions with varicella or complicated varicella as the principal diagnosis were obtained from the minimum basic data set on hospital discharges for the years 2006 to 2009. Results. The incidence of varicella has decreased by 93.0%, from 8.04 cases per 1,000 inhabitants in 2006 to 0.56 per 1,000 inhabitants in 2010 (p<0,0001. In children from 1 to 6 years (vaccinated cohorts, the incidence of varicella has fallen by 96.3%. In the cohorts vaccinated at 10 and 14 years, a decrease of 93.6% can also be observed in children from 10 to 14 years, and of 85.0% in those of 15 to 19 years. In the unvaccinated age groups we can observe falls of 88.2% in children under one year, of 73.3% in those of 7 to 9 years, and of 84.6% in people over 20 years. In

  1. Calidad en la Administración Pública: Aplicación de la ISO 9001:2000 a la selección de personal en el ámbito de la Administración Pública Navarra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANA FRAILE BLÁZQUEZ

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Los procesos de selección de personal que realiza el Instituto Navarro de Administración Pública (INAP obtuvo en el 2002 el certificado de calidad ISO 9001-2000. El INAP es un organismo autónomo adscrito al Departamento de Presidencia, Justicia e Interior del Gobierno de Navarra que, entre otras funciones, actúa en los procesos de selección de personal para empleo público, tanto para puestos de la Administración foral como de las administraciones locales de Navarra. El certificado de calidad ISO 9001-2000 fue concedido a "la selección del personal para el ingreso, provisión y ascenso en las administraciones públicas de Navarra y al diseño de las pruebas de aptitud". Las actividades concretas que están garantizadas por este certificado de calidad son: los procedimientos de examen para evaluar la adecuación al puesto de trabajo y el procedimiento seguido en la realización de las pruebas de selección para puestos en los niveles administrativos y auxiliares de la Administración, a las que concurren un gran número de candidatos. Ambas tareas están encomendadas al Servicio de Psicología del INAP. Se presenta en este artículo la metodología empleada para el desarrollo y la implantación de un modelo de calidad en el Servicio de Psicología del Instituto Navarro de Administración Pública. También se exponen tanto los contenidos básicos de los procesos propios de un sistema de la calidad, como aquellos más nucleares desde el punto de vista de las funciones que el servicio tiene asignadas, como los procesos de selección ordinarios y los procesos de selección masivos.

  2. Real analysis

    CERN Document Server

    DiBenedetto, Emmanuele

    2016-01-01

    The second edition of this classic textbook presents a rigorous and self-contained introduction to real analysis with the goal of providing a solid foundation for future coursework and research in applied mathematics. Written in a clear and concise style, it covers all of the necessary subjects as well as those often absent from standard introductory texts. Each chapter features a “Problems and Complements” section that includes additional material that briefly expands on certain topics within the chapter and numerous exercises for practicing the key concepts. The first eight chapters explore all of the basic topics for training in real analysis, beginning with a review of countable sets before moving on to detailed discussions of measure theory, Lebesgue integration, Banach spaces, functional analysis, and weakly differentiable functions. More topical applications are discussed in the remaining chapters, such as maximal functions, functions of bounded mean oscillation, rearrangements, potential theory, a...

  3. Análisis de la producción de la Universidad de Navarra en revistas de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades empleando rankings de revistas españolas y la Web of Science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Torres-Salinas, Daniel

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports a bibliometric analysis of the output of the Faculties of Social Sciences and Humanities of the University of Navarra, as recorded by publications in scholarly journals over the period 1999-2005. Information for the analysis was gathered from Journal Citation Reports (JCR and from the Spanish Índice de Impacto de las Revistas Españolas de Ciencias Sociales (IN-RECS, Índice de Impacto de las Revistas Españolas de Ciencias Jurídicas (IN-REJS and Revistas Españolas de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades (RESH. The aim of this work was to determine the adequacy of these ranking systems as bibliometric tools for describing the output in Spanish journals of a university. The results show the University of Navarra published 7281 documents during the studied period, 1908 (26 % of which were articles in journals. Just over 39 % of the latter were published in Spanish scientific journals, and 12 % in Web of Science journals. The coverage of the ranking systems varies per faculty: the IN-RECJ best covered articles published by the Law faculty; IN-RECS best represented production from Communication and Economics faculties; and RESH best covered production from Humanities faculties. Some 43 % of the studied articles recorded by IN-RECS were published in the first quartile of journals covered by the index; this figure was 42 % with respect to RESH, and 12 % with respect to JCR. Spanish national ranking systems are therefore useful as a complement to bibliometric information provided via the Web of Science and JCR.

    Se realiza un análisis bibliométrico de la producción en revistas de las facultades de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades de la Universidad de Navarra durante el período 1999-2005. Se emplean junto al Journal Citation Reports diferentes rankings de revistas españolas: el Índice de Impacto de las Revistas Españolas de Ciencias Sociales (IN-RECS, Índice de Impacto de las Revistas Espa

  4. [The role of the neuropsychologist in neurology services: a descriptive study of the users of the specialised neurological assessment unit of the Hospital Complex of Navarra during its first year in service].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luna-Lario, Pilar; Seijas-Gómez, Raquel; Carnés-Vendrell, Anna

    2014-12-16

    INTRODUCTION. A large number of neurological diseases course with impairment of higher cognitive functions, their evaluation being important for diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic purposes. The main purpose of neuropsychological assessment is to identify behavioral, emotional and cognitive consequences of brain dysfunction. The neuropsychologist's figure was included in Navarra's Hospital Neurology Service in February 2013 through a specialized practice in neuropsychological assessment. AIM. To describe the sociodemographic and clinical profile of all patients referred to the same from March 2013 to March 2014. PATIENTS AND METHODS. A total of 511 people have been treated in this practice. RESULTS. 73.2% are more than 55 years old and the most frequent reason of referral is to characterize the neuropsychological profile to detect and discriminate mild cognitive impairment and dementia, as well as the type of dementia. In younger adults (neurology services and point out future aims.

  5. El Congreso médico-regional de Navarra (1886: un ejemplo de la transmisión del conocimiento científico The "Regional-Medical Congress of Navarre" (1886: an exercise in sharing scientific knowledge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. León

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available La última ola epidémica del cólera en Navarra (1884-1885 es la menos estudiada porque apenas afectó a Pamplona, el núcleo urbano más importante de la región, pero creó una situación crítica en otras áreas como la Ribera. Fundamento. El "Congreso médico-regional de Navarra" celebrado en Tafalla (Navarra, en 1886, se convocó para estudiar la epidemia de cólera de 1885 en la región. El interés de esta reunión científica estriba en la actitud de los médicos ante el desarrollo de la microbiología y la higiene pública. En un momento en que Robert Koch aisla el Bacillus vírgula, en 1883, y tiene lugar la polémica desarrollada por la difusión de la vacuna de Jaime Ferrán y Clúa, en 1885. Material y métodos. A través de las actas y de las memorias presentadas al Congreso analizamos la influencia de autores e instituciones internacionales en los profesionales navarros. Conclusiones. La reunión científico médica de Tafalla fue una iniciativa singular para Navarra. En ella se observa la transferencia de ideas de los congresos internacionales sobre la epidemia colérica. Esta influencia fue mediada por personalidades como Nicasio Landa y A. Espina y Capo. Hemos observado diferencias en las concepciones de los médicos, en el momento en el que no existía una teoría etiopatogénica única. La metodología seguida por los médicos ejemplifica el análisis y las medidas higiénico sanitarias propuestas para combatir el cólera.This paper discusses the last wave of cholera in Navarre (1884-85. This epidemic has been the least studied because it barely affected Pamplona, the largest urban area in the province. But the situation was critical in other zones close to the River Ebro (the Ribera area. Background. In 1886, the "Regional-Medical Congress of Navarre", held in Tafalla (Navarre, studied the latest cholera epidemic in the region. An analysis of this scientific meeting is of interest because of the data it offers on the

  6. Funciones reales

    OpenAIRE

    Acevedo Frías, Bernardo

    1984-01-01

    Este trabajo pretende ser un punto de apoyo para el desarrollo del tema y proporcionar un complemento para estudiantes de ingeniería. Este trabajo comprende los conceptos básicos de las funciones reales, sus clases, las propiedades más importantes con algunas demostraciones, ejemplos teóricos y gráficos; con ello se permite al lector conocer con mayor seguridad y rapidez, lo referente a funciones. Comprende temas relacionados con funciones tales como: producto cartesiano, relación, dominio ...

  7. Cohorte poblacional de trabajadores expuestos a amianto: Navarra 1999-2004 Cohort of asbestos exposed workers: Navarre (Spain 1999-2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Artieda

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. La construcción de una cohorte poblacional de trabajadores expuestos a amianto es importante porque facilita la vigilancia, permite cumplir con la obligación ética de reconocer el origen laboral de las lesiones y contribuye al desarrollo de la investigación científica. El objetivo es describir el procedimiento que se ha seguido para identificar a los trabajadores expuestos a amianto en Navarra y conocer su respuesta a la oferta de vigilancia de la salud. Metodología. El registro de trabajadores expuestos a amianto se crea en 1999, incorporando empresas y trabajadores a partir de las fuentes de información disponibles, de ámbito nacional y regional, y se consolida con la búsqueda activa de expuestos, tanto activos como inactivos. Resultados. La cohorte es de 2.294 trabajadores, de 33 empresas; 40% están activos, la mitad trabajan fabricando vehículos de motor, 91% expuestos a crisotilo, 25% expuestos a concentraciones de fibras de amianto iguales o superior a 0,20 por cm³ de crisotilo ó 0,10 para otros. En los años 70 y 90 es cuando mayor número de trabajadores inicia la exposición; quienes comenzaron en los años 40 y 50 tienen tiempos de exposición más altos. En la vigilancia médica 72% acepta la oferta, con mayor participación de los activos. Conclusiones. La creación de la cohorte y su seguimiento han permitido reconocer el triple de casos de patología por amianto en relación con los declarados espontáneamente en los once años anteriores al programa, lo que refleja su importancia. El nivel de aceptación de la vigilancia es adecuado, dada la metodología del programa.Background. The identification of a population cohort of workers exposed to asbestos is important because it facilitates health surveillance, allowing us to fulfil the ethical obligation of recognizing the occupational origin of the illness and contributing to the development of scientific research. The goal of this study is to identify the

  8. Situación de las enfermedades de declaración obligatoria (EDO en Navarra, 2003 Compulsory Diseases Notification (CDN in Navarre 2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Urtiaga

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available La vigilancia epidemiológica de Navarra comprende 34 enfermedades transmisibles de declaración obligatoria y los brotes epidémicos de cualquier etiología. La declaración es efectuada semanalmente por los médicos de pediatría, atención primaria y asistencia especializada, ante la sospecha o diagnóstico de estos procesos. En 2003 se recibieron el 75,0% de todas los partes de notificaciones posibles (un parte semanal por médico, porcentaje que ha mejorado en el último quinquenio. En 2003 la gripe alcanzó una tasa de 48,9 casos por 1.000 habitantes (índice epidémico, IE: 0,91, y presentó un pico epidémico en enero y otro en noviembre. La tasa de tuberculosis respiratoria fue de 11,76 casos por 100.000 habitantes, y la de tuberculosis no respiratoria de 1,90, continuando en ambas la tendencia descendente. Cinco casos de tuberculosis ocurrieron en dos pequeños brotes familiares. El 30% de los casos se produjeron en inmigrantes. Los casos coinfectados con VIH han descendido del 21% en 1996 al 2,5% en 2003. Se notificaron 15 casos confirmados de enfermedad meningocócica (2,6 por 100.000 habitantes; IE:1,00, presentados de forma esporádica. En 10 se aisló Neisseria meningitidis serogrupo B y en 5 el serogrupo C. El 80% se presentaron en forma de sepsis, y en un caso (6,7% se produjo el fallecimiento. Todos los casos menores de 6 años estaban vacunados y fueron por serogrupo B. La incidencia de legionelosis fue de 3,8 casos por 100.000 habitantes (IE: 0,92, sin relación epidemiológica entre ellos. Se produjeron 7 casos de paludismo, todos importados. La incidencia de toxinfecciones alimentarias ha disminuido (IE: 0,71.Epidemiological vigilance in Navarre covers 34 transmissible diseases, whose notification is compulsory, and epidemic outbreaks of any aetiology. Notification is carried out on a weekly basis by the doctors from paediatrics, primary and specialised level who suspect or diagnose any of these diseases. In 2003, 75.0% of

  9. La siniestralidad laboral en la población inmigrante de Navarra en el 2006: Una aproximación a sus causas

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    Ángel Parra Osés

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: El cambio económico y social que está experimentando Navarra en las últimas décadas está asociado con la llegada de un flujo creciente de inmigrantes. El fenómeno migratorio plantea un gran número de desafíos: legislativos, políticos, culturales, sociales, sanitarios y por supuesto laborales. Desde el punto de vista laboral la incorporación de inmigrantes al mercado de trabajo ha supuesto, sin duda, aspectos positivos, pero también algunas disfunciones y problemas, siendo uno de ellos los altos niveles de siniestralidad que presenta este colectivo. Objetivos: Analizar y profundizar en las características y causas de la siniestralidad en este colectivo y los factores que podrían incidir en ella. Metodología: Estudio descriptivo - observacional tomando como base los datos del Registro de Accidentes de Trabajo del año 2006. Resultados: Para un 9,8% de trabajadores extranjeros, éstos sufren el 20% de los accidentes de trabajo( AT. Las mujeres extranjeras se accidentan casi 4 puntos menos en porcentaje relativo que las nacionales. La distribución de AT es similar en ambas poblaciones atendiendo a su gravedad, los trabajadores extranjeros sufrieron el 19,3% de los accidentes graves y el 15,8% de los mortales. En este colectivo los grupos de edades más jóvenes presentan porcentajes más elevados de siniestralidad. Por sectores económicos: una tercera parte de los accidentes en Agricultura y Construcción corresponden a trabajadores emigrantes. Su distribución porcentual es reflejo de la diferente ocupación sectorial de este colectivo, duplicando los porcentajes en los sectores agrícola y construcción en comparación con la población de acogida. En población extranjera la proporción de hombres que se accidentan es superior al de las mujeres en todos los sectores productivos, excepto en Servicios. Cerca de 80% de accidentes en población inmigrante acontece en puestos de baja cualificación o no cualificados y

  10. Real-time systems

    OpenAIRE

    Badr, Salah M.; Bruztman, Donald P.; Nelson, Michael L.; Byrnes, Ronald Benton

    1992-01-01

    This paper presents an introduction to the basic issues involved in real-time systems. Both real-time operating sys and real-time programming languages are explored. Concurrent programming and process synchronization and communication are also discussed. The real-time requirements of the Naval Postgraduate School Autonomous Under Vehicle (AUV) are then examined. Autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV), hard real-time system, real-time operating system, real-time programming language, real-time sy...

  11. Consumo de tabaco en titulados universitarios: El Proyecto SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra Smoking among a cohort of Spanish university graduates: The SUN Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xabier Adrián García de Albéñiz

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Valorar la asociación de la situación laboral, el tipo de estudios y el estado civil con el consumo de tabaco en una cohorte de licenciados y diplomados universitarios españoles, donde predominan los profesionales sanitarios. Métodos: Se realizó un análisis transversal de los datos basales de los 7.508 primeros participantes del Proyecto SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra. Los sujetos fueron clasificados según su consumo de tabaco. Las variables independientes fueron: situación laboral, estado civil, nivel más alto de estudios completado, número de hijos, gramos de alcohol ingerido al día, índice de masa corporal y edad. En el análisis multivariante se ajustaron 3 grupos de modelos de regresión logística no condicional: a fumadores frente al conjunto formado por nunca fumadores más ex fumadores; b fumadores frente a nunca fumadores, y c fumadores de 15 o más cigarrillos al día frente al conjunto formado por fumadores de menos de 15 cigarrillos/día, nunca fumadores y ex fumadores. Resultados: En los varones no se encontró ninguna asociación entre la situación laboral y ser fumador en ninguna de las 3 comparaciones. Por el contrario, entre las mujeres se observó que haber cursado la diplomatura de enfermería se asociaba a una mayor prevalencia de tabaquismo, con una prevalencia del 48,5% de fumadoras actuales entre las enfermeras. Entre las mujeres, también era más frecuente el consumo de tabaco en las estudiantes. Para las estudiantes, la prevalencia de grandes fumadoras (≥ 15 cigarrilos/día mostraba una odds ratio de 1,81 (intervalo de confianza del 95%, 1,28-2,57. Haber realizado un doctorado se asociaba inversamente con el tabaquismo en ambos sexos. Conclusiones: Dentro de un gran colectivo español con niveles educativos superiores, la prevalencia de fumadoras actuales es mayor en las mujeres que han completado una diplomatura. Es preocupante, desde el punto de vista sociosanitario, que entre las

  12. Situación de las Enfermedades de Declaración Obligatoria (EDO en Navarra, 2004 Communicable disease surveillance in Navarre, 2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Castilla

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available La vigilancia epidemiológica de Navarra (584.734 habitantes comprende 34 enfermedades transmisibles de declaración obligatoria y los brotes epidémicos de cualquier etiología. La declaración es efectuada semanalmente por los médicos de pediatría, atención primaria y asistencia especializada. En 2004 se recibieron el 75,8% de todas los partes de notificaciones posibles (uno semanal por médico, porcentaje que ha mejorado en el último quinquenio. La gripe alcanzó sólo 14,4 casos por 1.000 habitantes (índice epidémico, IE:0,30 por el adelanto del pico epidémico de la temporada 2003-2004 al mes de noviembre. La tasa de tuberculosis respiratoria descendió hasta 11,6 casos por 100.000 habitantes, y la de tuberculosis no respiratoria ascendió a 2,7 por 100.000. Diez casos de tuberculosis (11,9% se agruparon en cuatro brotes que afectaron a adolescentes y adultos jóvenes. El 30% de los casos se produjeron en inmigrantes y el 4,8% en personas coinfectadas por el VIH, siendo estas proporciones similares a las del año anterior. Se notificaron 11 casos de enfermedad meningocócica (1,9 por 100.000 habitantes; IE: 0,73, pero sólo en 8 la forma clínica fue de sepsis y/o meningitis. La letalidad ascendió al 18,2%. En 8 casos se aisló Neisseria meningitidis serogrupo B y en 2 el serogrupo C, estos últimos eran adultos y no estaban vacunados. La incidencia de enfermedades inmunoprevenibles sigue en descenso, y por quinto año no se ha declarado ningún caso de sarampión. La legionelosis, detectada mediante la determinación sistemática del antígeno en orina, ascendió a 5,8 casos por 100.000 habitantes (IE:1,42, sin que se detectase relación epidemiológica entre ellos. La incidencia de enfermedades importadas aumentó, contabilizándose 12 paludismos, 8 shigelosis, 5 hepatitis A y 2 legionelosis adquiridas fuera de España.Epidemiological surveillance in Navarre (584,734 inhabitants covers 34 transmissible diseases, whose notification

  13. La dinámica de la integración social de los inmigrantes y su impacto en la sociedad de acogida. La perspectiva desde Navarra La dinámica de la integración social de los inmigrantes y su impacto en la sociedad de acogida. La perspectiva desde Navarra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Laparra

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to analyse, through a dynamic perspective, the way in which social integration processes are being shaped in some settlement areas, as Navarre, marked by a high economic dynamism, a comparatively high social cohesion and a territorial structure preventing concentrated settlement of immigrants. We will see the specific characteristics of this kind of receiving societies and the differences to other territories with different functions within the Spanish map of migrations, and we will assess in this way their integration potential and their specific problems. Paying special attention to these areas with more integration potential, we will be able to establish the correlation between social integration process of migrants and their positive impact in the welcoming society. The further the process of social integration reaches, the bigger is the profit for the welcoming society in demographic, economic, and social terms. That is a crucial consideration in a moment in which we are facing the first period of a long migration process in Spain, and shows the responsibility of social and employment policies on building an integration model that regards immigration as a positive-sum game in which both migrants and the whole society make profit.Tratamos de analizar en este artículo, en una perspectiva dinámica, cómo se están construyendo los procesos de integración social en determinados espacios de asentamiento como Navarra, marcados por el alto dinamismo económico, un nivel comparativamente alto de cohesión social y un modelo territorial que favorece la dispersión residencial de los inmigrantes. Podremos ver las peculiaridades de este tipo de territorios y las diferencias respecto de otros que cumplen otras funciones dentro del conjunto del mapa de las migraciones en España y valorar así su potencial integrador y sus problemáticas específicas. Centrándonos en estos territorios que presentan mayor potencial

  14. Direct, indirect and total effects of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccination on invasive pneumococcal disease in children in Navarra, Spain, 2001 to 2014: cohort and case-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guevara, Marcela; Barricarte, Aurelio; Torroba, Luis; Herranz, Mercedes; Gil-Setas, Alberto; Gil, Francisco; Bernaola, Enrique; Ezpeleta, Carmen; Castilla, Jesús

    2016-01-01

    We estimated the direct, indirect and total effects of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) on invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in children. A population-based cohort study followed children aged between 2.5 and 59 months between 2001 and 2014 in Navarra, Spain. IPD incidence was compared by PCV status and period. All cases diagnosed from July 2010 to December 2014 and eight matched controls per case were analysed to estimate the adjusted direct effect of PCV13. A total of 120,980 children were followed and 206 IPD cases were detected. Compared with unvaccinated children in the baseline period (2001-2004), overall IPD incidence in 2011-2014 (76% average PCV coverage) declined equally in vaccinated (total effect: 76%; hazard ratio (HR): 0.24; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.14-0.40) and unvaccinated children (indirect effect: 78%; HR: 0.22; 95% CI: 0.09-0.55). IPD incidence from non-PCV13 serotypes increased among vaccinated children (HR: 2.84; 95% CI: 1.02-7.88). The direct effect of one or more doses of PCV13 against vaccine serotypes was 95% (odds ratio: 0.05; 95% CI: 0.01-0.55). PCV13 was highly effective in preventing vaccine-serotype IPD. The results suggest substantial and similar population-level vaccine benefits in vaccinated and unvaccinated children through strong total and indirect effects.

  15. REAL PIECEWISE ALGEBRAIC VARIETY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ren-hong Wang; Yi-sheng Lai

    2003-01-01

    We give definitions of real piecewise algebraic variety and its dimension. By using the techniques of real radical ideal, P-radical ideal, affine Hilbert polynomial, Bernstein-net form of polynomials on simplex, and decomposition of semi-algebraic set, etc., we deal with the dimension of the real piecewise algebraic variety and real Nullstellensatz in Cμ spline ring.

  16. Real Algebraic Geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Mahé, Louis; Roy, Marie-Françoise

    1992-01-01

    Ten years after the first Rennes international meeting on real algebraic geometry, the second one looked at the developments in the subject during the intervening decade - see the 6 survey papers listed below. Further contributions from the participants on recent research covered real algebra and geometry, topology of real algebraic varieties and 16thHilbert problem, classical algebraic geometry, techniques in real algebraic geometry, algorithms in real algebraic geometry, semialgebraic geometry, real analytic geometry. CONTENTS: Survey papers: M. Knebusch: Semialgebraic topology in the last ten years.- R. Parimala: Algebraic and topological invariants of real algebraic varieties.- Polotovskii, G.M.: On the classification of decomposing plane algebraic curves.- Scheiderer, C.: Real algebra and its applications to geometry in the last ten years: some major developments and results.- Shustin, E.L.: Topology of real plane algebraic curves.- Silhol, R.: Moduli problems in real algebraic geometry. Further contribu...

  17. Procedimiento para la retirada de los drenajes torácicos tras una cirugía cardíaca en la unidad de cuidados intensivos - UCI A del Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra. "Revisión bibliográfica"

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    La retirada de los drenajes torácicos tras una cirugía extracorpórea, es una práctica frecuente en la UCI-A del Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra. Sin embargo, no hay un protocolo establecido que ofrezca uniformidad y guie a los profesionales en el procedimiento. Por ello, el objetivo que este trabajo persigue, es buscar la mayor evidencia científica para que posteriormente se pueda elaborar un informe que oriente a otros profesionales y así sea posible la sistematización de ...

  18. Progresos en el control de la infección por el VIH y el sida en Navarra, 1985-2003 Progress in the control of HIV infection and AIDS in Navarre, 1985-2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JC. Moreno-Iribas

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Se revisa la situación epidemiológica de la infección por el VIH y el sida en Navarra en 2003. Hasta diciembre de 2003 se habían diagnosticado 1.610 infecciones por el VIH en residentes en Navarra, de los cuales el 41% habían fallecido. Los nuevos diagnósticos de VIH han disminuido un 81% entre 1993 y 2003, año en que se diagnosticaron 28 casos (4,8 por 100.000 habitantes. El descenso se produjo fundamentalmente en las infecciones en usuarios de drogas inyectadas, ya que los casos por transmisión sexual se han mantenido estables. Más de la mitad de las infecciones diagnosticadas en el período 2000-2003 (58% eran atribuibles a transmisión heterosexual, el 18% ocurrieron en usuarios de drogas por vía parenteral y el 12% en hombres homosexuales. El 33% eran personas originarias de otros países. La incidencia de sida ha disminuido de 75 casos en 1996 a 20 en 2003, y la mortalidad de 65 a 8 casos, respectivamente. En el período 2000-2003 la incidencia media anual de sida fue de 4,2 por 100.000 habitantes y la tasa media anual de mortalidad de 1,6 por 100.000 habitantes. A finales de 2003 había 902 personas vivas con diagnóstico de VIH seguidas en el sistema sanitario (1,6 infecciones conocidas por 1.000 habitantes. En 2003 el 65% de los jóvenes de 15 a 29 años refería relaciones sexuales coitales, porcentaje mayor que en años anteriores, pero su nivel de información sobre prevención del sida fue aceptable. Es preciso insistir en la prevención y adaptarla a las nuevas situaciones.The epidemiological situation of HIV infection and AIDS in Navarre in 2003 is reviewed. Up until December 2003, 1,610 HIV infections had been diagnosed in residents of Navarre, of whom 41% had died. The new diagnoses of HIV fell by some 81% between 1993 and 2003, a year in which 28 cases were diagnosed (4.8 per 100,000 inhabitants. The fall basically occurred in infections in injection drug users, since the cases due to sexual transmission had remained

  19. Patrones de distribución espacial de la riqueza de especies de vertebrados en un área de transición biogeografica: de la Navarra pirenaica a la mediterránea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nogués Bravo, D.

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Uneven distribution of biodiversity over the Earth's surface is a consequence of historic, environmental and functional factors. In this paper, spatial patterns of amphibians, reptiles, mammals and birds have been studied in a biogeographical gradient between Pyrenean and Mediterranean environments in Navarra. Also, the relationships between biodiversity, species richness, and biogeographical gradient have been measured with directional semivariograms and GIS. Results show correlations between biogeographical change and spatial patterns of vertebrates: reptiles have the higher values of species richness in the ecotone, while amphibians have an uneven distribution. Mammals and birds show lineal correlations with biogeographical change but in opposite directions.

    [fr]
    La repartition inégale de la biodiverité sur la surface du globe est conséquence de facteurs historiques, environnementaux et fonctionnels. Dans ce travail on analyse les modèles de la répartition dans l'espace des amphibiens, reptiles, oiseaux et mammifères sur un gradient biogéographique de Navarre, et on quantifie les relations parmis la biodiversité (exprimée comme richesse spécifique et les changements biogéographiques en utilisant semivariogrammes et systèmes d'information géographique. Les résultats montrent cette relation parmi le changement biogéographique et la répartition dans l'espace des quatre groupes de vertébrés terrestres: les reptiles ont un plus grand nombre d'espèces dans Vecotone tandis que les amphibiens montrent une répartition plus aléatoire, et les oiseaux et les mammifères présentent una variation linéaire du nombre d'espèces, variation qui est de signe opposé dans un groupe par rapport a l'autre.
    [es]
    La desigual distribución de la biodiversidad sobre la superficie terrestre es consecuencia de factores históricos, ambientales y funcionales. En el presen trabajo se analizan los patrones de distribuci

  20. Prevalencia de la infección nosocomial en Navarra: Resultados agregados del estudio EPINE 2005 Prevalence of nosocomial infection in Navarre: Aggregated data of the EPINE study for 2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. García-Cenoz

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available La infección nosocomial es un problema de importante trascendencia en términos de morbi-mortalidad, que según los datos nacionales de prevalencia del año 2003, afectó al 6,5-7% de los pacientes ingresados en los hospitales españoles. Nuestro objetivo es conocer la prevalencia de la infección nosocomial en Navarra a partir de los datos aportados por cada centro participante en el estudio EPINE del año 2005, analizar las características de las infecciones nosocomiales y compararlas con los datos globales de los hospitales españoles. La prevalencia de pacientes con infección nosocomial fue de 5,6% y la prevalencia de pacientes con infección comunitaria de 13,2%. La prevalencia de infección nosocomial, excluidas las adquiridas en un ingreso anterior, fue del 6,2%. La prevalencia de infección comunitaria fue del 14,2%.Nosocomial infection is a serious problem of morbidity and mortality that, according to the 2003 national prevalence data affected 6,5-7% of all the patients admitted in Spanish hospitals. Our aim is to assess the prevalence of nosocomial infection in Navarre, from the aggregated data of each participant in the EPINE (Study of Prevalence of Nosocomial Infection in Spain in 2005, and to analyse different features of the nosocomial infections to compare them with the global data for Spain. The prevalence of patients with nosocomial infection was 5,6% and the prevalence of patients with community infection was 13,2%. The prevalence of nosocomial infection, excluding those that acquired the nosocomial infection in a previous admission to the hospital, was 6,2%. The prevalence of community infection was 14,2%.

  1. Sources for the study of collective violence in Early Modern Navarre: the value of the judicial documentation Fuentes para el estudio de la violencia colectiva en la Navarra moderna: el valor de la documentación procesal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Ruiz Astiz

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available During the Old Regime we attended in Kingdom of Navarre of the constant presence of disorders that alter the public order.The assignment of this article is to demonstrate that the study of these phenomena can be realised of a satisfactory way if we resorted to the judicial processes. Thanks to these sources of file the elementary characteristics of these events can be reconstructed helping to the historians to select their true background. Nevertheless, in this work also it is tried to approachthis type of documentation showing not only the advantages that takeimplicit their use, but as well the disadvantages that lock up. Althoughover everything the numerous benefits prevail that allow to obtain this type of sources to the investigators when they decide to confront the studyof past times.Durante el Antiguo Régimen asistimos en el reino de Navarra a la constante presencia de desórdenes que alteran el orden público. El cometido de este artículo es demostrar que el estudio de estos fenómenos se puede realizar de un modo satisfactorio si recurrimos a los procesos judiciales. Gracias a estas fuentes de archivo pueden ser reconstruidas las características elementales de estos sucesos, ayudando a los historiadores a entresacar su verdadero trasfondo. Sin embargo, en este trabajo también se pretende abordar este tipo de documentación mostrando no sólo las ventajas que llevan implícitas su uso, sino a su vez las desventajas que encierran. Aunque por encima de todo priman los numerosos beneficios que permiten obtener este tipo de fuentes a los investigadores cuando deciden afrontar el estudio de épocas pasadas.

  2. Características demográficas del síndrome de Down en Navarra: Evolución del diagnóstico pre y postnatal durante el periodo 1991-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.A. Ramos-Arroyo

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio describe la evolución del diagnóstico pre y postnatal del síndrome de Down (SD en la Comunidad Foral de Navarra desde 1991 a 2009 y analiza su impacto preventivo a nivel poblacional, así como los cambios asociadas a dicha cromosomopatía. En ausencia de diagnóstico prenatal del SD, el cambio en la edad materna desde 1991 a 2009 hubiera conllevado un aumento del 50% en el número de nacimientos con esta cromosomopatía. Sin embargo, el incremento de la tasa de detección prenatal (15,8% durante 1991-1994 y 64,3% entre 2006-2009 ha condicionado una ligera tendencia descendiente de su prevalencia al nacimiento, no estadísticamente significativa, y un aumento en la edad media de sus madres (32,75± 5,02 y 34,8±4,82 años en el primer y último periodos, respectivamente. El porcentaje de SD nacidos vivos, hijos de madres menores de 35 años, fue del 66% en 1991-2004 y del 45% en 2006-2009. Casi una quinta parte de las gestantes rechazaron el cribado bioquímico o la amniocentesis y un 17% de los nacimientos con SD tuvieron un resultado de cribado positivo, pero las madres decidieron continuar el embarazo. Estos resultados sugieren que, a pesar de implementar nuevos y más sensibles test de cribado, la incidencia del SD puede mantenerse relativamente alta en nuestra población, circunstancia a tener en cuenta tanto en la elaboración de los planes de prevención antenatal como de los de su cuidado postnatal.

  3. Pencils on real curves

    CERN Document Server

    Coppens, Marc

    2011-01-01

    We consider coverings of real algebraic curves to real rational algebraic curves. We show the existence of such coverings having prescribed topological degree on the real locus. From those existence results we prove some results on Brill-Noether Theory for pencils on real curves. For coverings having topological degree 0 we introduce the covering number k and we prove the existence of coverings of degree 4 with prescribed covering number.

  4. Acercamiento a la realidad educativa y social que rodea a los niños/as con TDA o TDAH en la Comunidad Foral de Navarra

    OpenAIRE

    Abendaño-Cabaleiro, Leire

    2012-01-01

    El trastorno por déficit de atención e hiperactividad (TDA-H) es un trastorno neurobiológico que afecta tanto a niños/as como a adultos y un problema real en las aulas que, cada vez, va más en aumento. Sin embargo, a pesar de ser un trastorno muy común en los centros educativos, su conocimiento tanto social como por parte de la comunidad educativa, no es el deseado para una correcta intervención pedagógica y un adecuado trato por parte del entorno social que rodea a estos niños/as. Se ha q...

  5. Tendencias en las tasas de incidencia de cáncer colorrectal en Navarra en el periodo 1990-2005 Incidence rate trends for colorectal cancer in Navarre (North of Spain in the 1990-2005 period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Etxeberria

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. En España, se ha observado un aumento de la incidencia de cáncer colorrectal (CCR en ambos sexos en los últimos años, posiblemente debido a las mejoras diagnósticas, a la occidentalización de la dieta y al empeoramiento de los niveles de obesidad entre otros. En este trabajo se han estudiado las tendencias de la incidencia de CCR en las diferentes áreas de salud de Navarra (norte de España durante el período 1990-2005. Métodos. Para cada sexo y área, se obtuvieron las tendencias de las tasas de incidencia y los correspondientes intervalos de confianza mediante modelos de P-splines. Resultados. Se observa una tendencia creciente de la incidencia de CCR en la mayoría de las áreas para ambos sexos, siendo menos pronunciada en las mujeres que en los hombres. En la zona centro de Pamplona (la capital se observa una tendencia decreciente para los hombres durante el período estudiado. Conclusiones. Para cambiar las tendencias crecientes observadas en la mayoría de las áreas de la provincia, la prevención primaria es la mejor estrategia. Sin embargo, adquirir estilos de vida saludables tiene resultados a largo plazo por lo que un programa de detección temprana serviría como estrategia de prevención a más corto plazo.Background. In Spain, an increase in the incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC has been observed in both sexes in recent years, probably due to an improved diagnostic, the westernization of dietary habits, and worse obesity levels, among others factors. In this work, CRC incidence rate trends in different health areas in Navarre (northern Spain are studied during the 1990-2005 period. Methods. An estimated incidence trend curve for each health area and the corresponding confidence bands were obtained for each gender using P-spline models. Results. These results show an increasing trend of CRC in most of the areas in both sexes, being less pronounced in women than in men. In the central area of Pamplona (the

  6. Resistencias de M. tuberculosis complex en Navarra: diferencias entre población autóctona e inmigrante (2000-2007 M. tuberculosis complex drug resistance in Navarre: differences between the local and immigrant populations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Navascués

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. La tuberculosis es un importante problema de salud pública, cuya epidemiología ha cambiado en los últimos años en nuestro país debido al aumento de población inmigrante. El objetivo de este trabajo ha sido valorar la frecuencia de resistencias a los cuatro antituberculosos principales, tanto en población autóctona como inmigrante. Material y métodos. Se han estudiado los antibiogramas de 457 aislamientos de Mycobacterium tuberculosis realizados en el Hospital de Navarra en el periodo 2000-2007. Los antibiogramas fueron procesados mediante el sistema BACTEC460TB. Resultados. El 26,3% de las cepas correspondieron a inmigrantes, produciéndose a lo largo del periodo un incremento significativo. Las frecuencias de resistencias a los distintos fármacos antituberculosos en población autóctona e inmigrante, respectivamente fueron: a al menos uno 5,6% vs 20,8% (p Background. Tuberculosis is an important public health problem, whose epidemiology in our country has changed in recent years due to the increase in the immigrant population. The aim of this article is to evaluate the frequency of resistance to the four principal antitubercular drugs in both the local and immigrant populations. Methods. A study was made of the antibiograms of 457 isolations of Mycobacterium tuberculosis carried out in the Hospital of Navarre in 2000-2007. The antibiograms were processed using the BACTEC460TB system. Results. Twenty six point three percent of the strains corresponded to immigrants, with a significant increase occurring over the period. The frequencies of resistances to the different antitubercular drugs in the local and immigrant populations respectively were: to at least one 5.6% vs 20.8% (p <0.001; to isoniazid 4.5% vs 14.2% (p <0.001; to streptomycin 2.4% vs 12.5% (p <0.001; to rifampicin 0.9% vs 5% (p <0.05; to ethambutol 0.3% vs 2.5% (p <0.05; and multiresistance 0.3% vs 2.5% (p <0.05. Conclusion. There are significant differences

  7. A new dietary strategy for long-term treatment of the metabolic syndrome is compared with the American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines: the MEtabolic Syndrome REduction in NAvarra (RESMENA) project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de la Iglesia, Rocio; Lopez-Legarrea, Patricia; Abete, Itziar; Bondia-Pons, Isabel; Navas-Carretero, Santiago; Forga, Luis; Martinez, J Alfredo; Zulet, M Angeles

    2014-02-01

    The long-term effects of dietary strategies designed to combat the metabolic syndrome (MetS) remain unknown. The present study evaluated the effectiveness of a new dietary strategy based on macronutrient distribution, antioxidant capacity and meal frequency (MEtabolic Syndrome REduction in NAvarra (RESMENA) diet) for the treatment of the MetS when compared with the American Heart Association guidelines, used as Control. Subjects with the MetS (fifty-two men and forty-one women, age 49 (se 1) years, BMI 36·11 (se 0·5) kg/m²) were randomly assigned to one of two dietary groups. After a 2-month nutritional-learning intervention period, during which a nutritional assessment was made for the participants every 15 d, a 4-month self-control period began. No significant differences were found between the groups concerning anthropometry, but only the RESMENA group exhibited a significant decrease in body weight ( - 1·7%; P= 0·018), BMI ( - 1·7%; P= 0·019), waist circumference ( - 1·8%; P= 0·021), waist:hip ratio ( - 1·4%; P= 0·035) and android fat mass ( - 6·9%; P= 0·008). The RESMENA group exhibited a significant decrease in alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) concentrations ( - 26·8%; P= 0·008 and - 14·0%; P= 0·018, respectively), while the Control group exhibited a significant increase in glucose (7·9%; P= 0·011), AST (11·3%; P= 0·045) and uric acid (9·0%; P< 0·001) concentrations. LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations were increased (Control group: 34·4%; P< 0·001 and RESMENA group: 33·8%; P< 0·001), but interestingly so were the LDL-C:apoB ratio (Control group: 28·7%; P< 0·001, RESMENA group: 17·1%; P= 0·009) and HDL-cholesterol concentrations (Control group: 21·1%; P< 0·001, RESMENA group: 8·7; P= 0·001). Fibre was the dietary component that most contributed to the improvement of anthropometry, while body-weight loss explained changes in some biochemical markers. In conclusion, the RESMENA diet is a good

  8. La afirmación ideológica de la monarquía navarra y el empleo del romance en el entorno de 1200

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fermín MIRANDA GARCÍA

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Aunque los diplomas regios escritos en romance navarro parecen remontarse a los años setenta del siglo xii, un análisis detallado de los mismos permite establecer que la cancillería real asumió ese idioma de modo oficial a partir de 1223, en una etapa marcada por el aislamiento de Sancho VII entre sus vecinos y por el ascenso del poder nobiliario. Desde entonces, el latín quedará arrinconado como lengua del rey, en un proceso que se adelanta una o dos generaciones a lo habitual en el resto de los reinos del Occidente europeo.Bien que les diplômes royaux écrits en langue vernaculaire navarraise semblent remonter aux années 1170, une analyse détaillée permet d'établir qu'elle n'est devenue la langue officielle de la couronne qu'à partir de 1223, dans une période marquée par l'isolement de Sancho VII parmi ses puissants voisins et par le renforcement du pouvoir nobiliaire. À partir de ce moment, la langue latine se maintint seulement en tant que langue du roi. Dans ce processus, qui ne connut que deux petites parenthèses – entre 1234-1236 et 1274-1328 –, la Navarre était en avance d'une ou deux générations sur les autres royaumes de l'Europe occidentale.

  9. Implicit Real Vector Automata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-François Degbomont

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the symbolic representation of non-convex real polyhedra, i.e., sets of real vectors satisfying arbitrary Boolean combinations of linear constraints. We develop an original data structure for representing such sets, based on an implicit and concise encoding of a known structure, the Real Vector Automaton. The resulting formalism provides a canonical representation of polyhedra, is closed under Boolean operators, and admits an efficient decision procedure for testing the membership of a vector.

  10. REAL ESTATE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Project: Shihua International Center Developer: Beijing Urban Construction Real Estate Co. Ltd. Location: Inner side of Jingguangqiao Overpass along the East Third Ring Road, Beijing Project Introduction: On the afternoon of March 30, Beijing Urban Construction Real Estate Co. Ltd. and Beijing Huihe Real Estate Co. Ltd. held the first introductory conference on the project of Shihua International Center in the Conference Hall of Jingguanq Center. At the conference,

  11. Elements of real analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Sprecher, David A

    2010-01-01

    This classic text in introductory analysis delineates and explores the intermediate steps between the basics of calculus and the ultimate stage of mathematics: abstraction and generalization.Since many abstractions and generalizations originate with the real line, the author has made it the unifying theme of the text, constructing the real number system from the point of view of a Cauchy sequence (a step which Dr. Sprecher feels is essential to learn what the real number system is).The material covered in Elements of Real Analysis should be accessible to those who have completed a course in

  12. Real Change for the Real Economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    To tackle the problem of excess liquidity, it is extremely urgent to lead private speculative money into the investment sector. Developing strategic emerging industries will open a new investment channel for private capital and might help divert a certain amount from the virtual economy to real business operations.

  13. Real Analysis in Reverse

    CERN Document Server

    Propp, James

    2012-01-01

    Many of the theorems of real analysis, against the background of the ordered field axioms, are equivalent to Dedekind completeness, and hence can serve as completeness axioms for the reals. In the course of demonstrating this, the article offers a tour of some less-familiar ordered fields, provides some of the relevant history, and considers pedagogical implications.

  14. Real Time Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Knud Smed

    2000-01-01

    Describes fundamentals of parallel programming and a kernel for that. Describes methods for modelling and checking parallel problems. Real time problems.......Describes fundamentals of parallel programming and a kernel for that. Describes methods for modelling and checking parallel problems. Real time problems....

  15. A Real Estate Revival?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lan; Xinzhen

    2013-01-01

    Further regulation in the real estate market is a must,but tighter controls won’t be easy Several government departments released a joint circular to control borrowing by local governments, which is the first policy involving the real estate market in the new year.

  16. La transición mediterráneo-eurosiberiana en Navarra: caracterización de los tomillares y aliagares su mediterráneos (Thymelaeo-Aphyllanthetum monspeliensis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peralta, J.

    2001-12-01

    >Genistion occidentalis, elles se localisent à une moindre altitude, sur des pentes l'Aphyllanthion appartenant au secteur dit somontano-aragonais -aussi présentes en Navarre-, ils se distinguent par l'abondance des taxons atlantiques et eurosihériens, par la plus basse présence de nanophanérophytes et parce qu'ils montrent un préférence pour les localités plus pluvieuses. À vrai dire, entre ces trois types de garrigues s'avèrent des changements floristiques et structurels graduels que l'on peut rapporter aux changements climatiques liés à la transition Mediterranéo-eurosibérienne. Ainsi la composition floristique du Thymelaeo-Aphyllanthetum -avec une plus haute fréquence des espèces de Rosmarinetea et Rosmarinetalia face à ceux de Festuco-Ononidetea striatae et Ononidetalia striatae- et aussi sa physionomie, justifieraient bien l'inclusion de cette association dans l'alliance Aphyllanthion, ce qui montrerait ses relations avec les matorrals somontano-aragonais.
    [es]
    Se analizan las características fisionómicas, floristicas, dinámicas y ecológicas de los tomillares submediterráneos (Thymelaeo-Aphyllanthetum monspeliensis, y se comparan con otros dos grupos de matorrales basófilos, mediante el análisis de 391 inventarios, procedentes todos ellos de Navarra. Los tomillares del Thymelaeo-Aphyllanthetum son más diversos y cuentan con un mayor porcentaje de hemicriptófitos que los matorrales de Genista occidentalis (Genistion occidentalis, se localizan en altitudes inferiores, con menor pendiente y en posiciones con mayor insolación. Frente a los tomillares somontano-aragoneses presentes en Navarra, que representan fades xerófilas de Aphyllanthion, se diferencian por la mayor abundancia de taxones atlánticos y eurosiberianos, menor presencia de nanofanerófitos y por preferir localidades más lluviosas. Entre los tres grupos de matorral existe un cambio gradual en su

  17. Basic real analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Sohrab, Houshang H

    2014-01-01

    This expanded second edition presents the fundamentals and touchstone results of real analysis in full rigor, but in a style that requires little prior familiarity with proofs or mathematical language. The text is a comprehensive and largely self-contained introduction to the theory of real-valued functions of a real variable. The chapters on Lebesgue measure and integral have been rewritten entirely and greatly improved. They now contain Lebesgue’s differentiation theorem as well as his versions of the Fundamental Theorem(s) of Calculus. With expanded chapters, additional problems, and an expansive solutions manual, Basic Real Analysis, Second Edition, is ideal for senior undergraduates and first-year graduate students, both as a classroom text and a self-study guide. Reviews of first edition: The book is a clear and well-structured introduction to real analysis aimed at senior undergraduate and beginning graduate students. The prerequisites are few, but a certain mathematical sophistication is required. ....

  18. From real life to real life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svalgaard, Lotte

    2016-01-01

    In Action Learning programmes, it is held central to work on real business challenges (task) while learning about team and self (process); staying mindful aware of the process is referred to in this paper as ‘double awareness’, and emphasises noticing and acting on process cues while working...... on the task. As business challenges within Action Learning programmes are real, pertinent, and worked with in the context of the organisation, implementation of potential solutions to the challenges is proved to be efficient. However, less is known of how individual participants manage to stay with double....... A study will be shared, where participants have been followed for a period of time after an Action Learning-programme. The study takes a psychodynamic stance and contributes to the knowledge of the individual re-entry by exploring individual, group and organisational dynamics promoting and hindering...

  19. Introduction to real analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Schramm, Michael J

    2008-01-01

    This text forms a bridge between courses in calculus and real analysis. It focuses on the construction of mathematical proofs as well as their final content. Suitable for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students of real analysis, it also provides a vital reference book for advanced courses in mathematics.The four-part treatment begins with an introduction to basic logical structures and techniques of proof, including discussions of the cardinality concept and the algebraic and order structures of the real and rational number systems. Part Two presents in-depth examinations of the compl

  20. Real-time shadows

    CERN Document Server

    Eisemann, Elmar; Assarsson, Ulf; Wimmer, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Important elements of games, movies, and other computer-generated content, shadows are crucial for enhancing realism and providing important visual cues. In recent years, there have been notable improvements in visual quality and speed, making high-quality realistic real-time shadows a reachable goal. Real-Time Shadows is a comprehensive guide to the theory and practice of real-time shadow techniques. It covers a large variety of different effects, including hard, soft, volumetric, and semi-transparent shadows.The book explains the basics as well as many advanced aspects related to the domain

  1. Real Property Tax Rates

    Data.gov (United States)

    Montgomery County of Maryland — The Levy Year 2012 real property tax rate dataset reflects all the rates per $100 set each year by the County Council. These rates are applied to the assessed value...

  2. Modelling Real Property Transactions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stubkjær, Erik

    2002-01-01

    for more elaborated concept sets - for a theoretical basis - was among the motives for proposing a concerted research project: Modelling Real Property Transactions. Researchers from 11 European countries co-operate in the project that gained status as a COST action as of March 1st 2001. The majority...... of researchers relate to surveying studies, and hence to the FIG. The main objective of the action is to improve the transparency of real property markets and to provide a stronger basis for the reduction of costs of real property transactions by preparing a set of models of real property transaction....... The developed models and a subsequent comparative analysis can be used for improving the efficiency of the procedures. Further-more, the COST action will support Ph.D.-studies by providing a much-needed international research framework and a basis for Ph.D.-level courses. The paper develops on the multi...

  3. REAL ESTATE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Stronger Demand in Shanghai Jones Lang LaSalle released its thirdquarter review report on the Shanghai real estate market.In Shanghai’s Puxi area,expansion of foreign-invested companies’ and clients’ needs for upgraded

  4. Real Property Tax - 2016

    Data.gov (United States)

    Montgomery County of Maryland — This data represents all of the County’s residential real estate properties and all of the associated tax charges and credits with that property processed at the...

  5. O real na psicose

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurício Castejón Herrmann

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo discute a noção de real na psicose, a partir das formulações de Lacan sobre o tema, presentes no Seminário 3 - As Psicoses, no Seminário 20 - Mais, Ainda e no texto Televisão. Considerando-se que a concepção de real tem uma indicação clínica, a hipótese que se formula é a de que a noção de real trabalhada no Seminário 20, Mais, Ainda representa uma continuidade da concepção de real desenvolvida no Seminário 3, As Psicoses

  6. REAL ESTATE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Huaye International Center Location: Northwest Corner of Honglingjinqiao of Dongsihuanlu Investor: Huaye Real Estate Developer: Beijing Gaoshenghua Real Estate Development Co. Ltd. Hotline: 86-10-65858883 Introduction: Huaye International Center has a total floor space of about 80,000 square meters. It is a top-grade integrated business community, combining office buildings, five-star serviced apartments and recreational establishments. It is due to open in early 2007. Huaye is designed by prestigious Au...

  7. Limiting Real Estate Loans

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG JUN

    2010-01-01

    @@ More than eight months after the Central Government issued an order for central enterprises whose core business was not real estate to withdraw from the property sector, many enterprises in question have been sluggish to adhere to, or have altogether ignored, the government directive. Only 16 central enterprises are authorized to get new property development loans in the future, but 78 additional enterprises have business dealings in the real estate market, according to a recent report in China Securities Journal.

  8. Identificación de problemas y propuestas para mejorar la atención de las urgencias extrahospitalarias en Navarra: un estudio Delphi Identification of problems and proposals for improving outpatient emergency care in Navarre: a Delphi study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Pérez-Ciordia

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. Las urgencias extrahospitalarias de Navarra sufrieron modificaciones en la organización hace dos años, destacando la creación del servicio de urgencias rural (SUR que coexiste geográficamente con el servicio normal de urgencias. El objetivo del estudio es conocer la opinión de expertos sobre los problemas y las recomendaciones de mejora que afectan a las urgencias extrahospitalarias. Metodología. Se realizó un estudio Delphi con la participación de 37 expertos (médicos y enfermeras. Por medio del correo electrónico se realizan 3 rondas de cuestionarios sucesivos. El último cuestionario identifica el grado de acuerdo con las ideas del grupo y se identifican los 15 problemas y recomendaciones más relevantes, seleccionando aquellas ideas que alcancen, al menos, el 50 % de acuerdo y una prioridad superior al percentil 25. Agrupamos las ideas mediante análisis de clúster jerárquico. Resultados. Se identifican 4 clúster de problemas, destacando entre ellos que «la población utiliza las urgencias para patología banal, como una consulta más» con una puntuación de 297 puntos. De las recomendaciones, con 3 clúster identificados, destaca la «necesidad de diseñar un plan estratégico de atención a las urgencias con unos recursos acorde a las necesidades» (310 puntos de prioridad y «enviar mensajes claros a la población sobre uso correcto de urgencias» (192 puntos de prioridad. Conclusión. El método Delphi identifica problemas y áreas de mejora a través del consenso.Background. Two years ago there were alterations to outpatient A and E departments in Navarre; in particular, a rural A and E service (Servicio de Urgencias Rural, SUR was set up, which coexists geographically with the normal A and E service. The aim of this study is to determine the opinion of experts on problems and recommendations for improvements that affect outpatient A and E services. Methodology. A Delphi study was carried out with the

  9. Ajuste psicológico emocional en la población infanto juvenil en situación de conflicto social, una aproximación a los estilos de afrontamiento personal. El caso de Navarra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel Gurbindo Marin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen La infancia y adolescencia en situación de riesgo/conflicto social configura una realidad que por sus características da lugar a una de las múltiples caras del espacio social de la exclusión. Constituye un colectivo que aunque en términos cuantitativos no sea en la actualidad y en el contexto navarro, muy grande, si que lo es su situación de desprotección, deterioro psicosocial y conflicto social permanente. En nuestro caso hablamos de un colectivo cuyas señas de identidad se han ido creando en contex- tos de desprotección severa y prolongada, sin una cobertura básica de sus necesidades físico-biológicas, emocionales y sociales, así como con un insuficiente grado de competencias y habilidades para la interacción socio-familiar. Todo lo cual, hace que este colectivo, esté cada vez más presente en el ámbito de actuación de la salud mental infanto-juvenil. Palabras clave: Protección, Infancia, Riesgo, Adolescencia, Crisis, Exclusión social, Salud mental. Abstract This paper focuses on analysis of children and adolescents who live in social conflict. Their identity has been formed in a severe and prolonged context of appalling neglect which does not cover their physical-biological, emotional and social needs. Therefore those human beings do not develop their skills to interact with their relatives and ensure the stability of the family unit. The extent of this phenomenon, as one of the many faces of social exclusion, is not so big in Navarra; however it must be taken into account that lack of protection, psychosocial impairment and permanent social conflict increases the risk that pubertal children suffer mental health problems. Key words: Protection, Childhood, Risk, Adolescence crisis, Social exclusion, Mental health. Resumo A infância e a adolescência em situação de risco / conflito social configura uma realidade que por sua natureza leva a uma das muitas faces de espaço de exclusa

  10. Síndrome de Cushing: veinticinco años de experiencia clínica en Navarra Cushing´s syndrome: twenty-five years of clinical experience in Navarre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Pérez García

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. El objetivo de este trabajo es conocer la situación del Síndrome de Cushing (CS en cuanto a etiología, diagnóstico, tratamiento y curación en los últimos 25 años en Navarra. Material y métodos. Este estudio -retrospectivo, observacional-, se ha llevado a cabo sobre 36 pacientes diagnosticados de SC entre 1985 y 2010. Resultados. El 80,5% eran mujeres y el 19,5% hombres. La edad media al diagnóstico fue 39,3±13 años. Las principales manifestaciones clínicas fueron: obesidad (85,3%, cara de luna llena (35,3% y miopatía (50%. Etiológicamente, el 58,3 % tenían origen hipofisario, el 36,1% adrenal y el 5,5% ectópico. La media de CLU fue 343,5±310,1 μg/24horas. El cortisol sérico tras el Nugent fue de 15,6±8,6 μg/dl. La media del cortisol plasmático tras el frenado débil fue 15,1±14,2 μg/dl. Existe correlación lineal directa estadísticamente significativa (pBackground. The aim of this work is to determine the situation of Cushing´s Syndrome (CS with respect to aetiology, diagnosis, treatment and cure in the last 25 years in Navarre. Methods. Retrospective, observational study on 36 patients diagnosed with CS between 1985 and 2010. Results. Eighty point five percent were women and 19.5% were men. The average age on diagnosis was 39.3±13 years. The main clinical manifestations were: obesity (85.3%, full moon face (35.3% and myopathy (50%. Aetiologically, in 58.3% the origin was hypophisiary, in 36.1% it was adrenal, and in 5.5% it was ectopic. The UFC average was 343.5±310.1 μg/24hours. Serum cortisol after Nugent test was 15.6±8.6 μg/dl. Low dose plasma cortisol average was 15.1±14.2 μg/dl. There is a statistically significant (p< 0.01 direct lineal correlation between UFC and the Nugent test, as well as between the Nugent test and low dose cortisol test. There are no statistically significant differences between adrenal and hypophisiary aetiology in either demographic factors or analytical results

  11. Making fictions sound real

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langkjær, Birger

    2010-01-01

    of sounds. Apart from an account of the kinds of sounds that typically appear in a specific genre, a genre analysis of sound may also benefit from a functionalist approach that focuses on how sounds can make both realist and non-realist aspects of genres sound real to audiences.......This article examines the role that sound plays in making fictions perceptually real to film audiences, whether these fictions are realist or non-realist in content and narrative form. I will argue that some aspects of film sound practices and the kind of experiences they trigger are related...... to basic rules of human perception, whereas others are more properly explained in relation to how aesthetic devices, including sound, are used to characterise the fiction and thereby make it perceptually real to its audience. Finally, I will argue that not all genres can be defined by a simple taxonomy...

  12. The Real Beauty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡晓媛

    2015-01-01

    it is well-known that all men search for beauty. Although the definition of beauty changes as time goes by,people still spare no efforts to pursue beauty in their lives. Meanwhile,most people try every means to make their body images better.With more people increasingly being eager for beauty in various ways,it is high time that we should think deeply about the concept of real beauty.Inthis paper,an attempt has been made to shed light on the real beauty.It is not completely physical appearance or slim figure,but a healthy body and peaceful mind as well as admirable courage.Above all,whether people can realize the nature of real beauty is certainly worthwhile for us to ponder.

  13. Real mathematical analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Pugh, Charles C

    2015-01-01

    Based on an honors course taught by the author at UC Berkeley, this introduction to undergraduate real analysis gives a different emphasis by stressing the importance of pictures and hard problems. Topics include: a natural construction of the real numbers, four-dimensional visualization, basic point-set topology, function spaces, multivariable calculus via differential forms (leading to a simple proof of the Brouwer Fixed Point Theorem), and a pictorial treatment of Lebesgue theory. Over 150 detailed illustrations elucidate abstract concepts and salient points in proofs. The exposition is informal and relaxed, with many helpful asides, examples, some jokes, and occasional comments from mathematicians, such as Littlewood, Dieudonné, and Osserman. This book thus succeeds in being more comprehensive, more comprehensible, and more enjoyable, than standard introductions to analysis. New to the second edition of Real Mathematical Analysis is a presentation of Lebesgue integration done almost entirely using the un...

  14. Real-time Cosmology

    CERN Document Server

    Quercellini, Claudia; Balbi, Amedeo; Cabella, Paolo; Quartin, Miguel

    2010-01-01

    In recent years the possibility of measuring the temporal change of radial and transverse position of sources in the sky in real time have become conceivable thanks to the thoroughly improved technique applied to new astrometric and spectroscopic experiments, leading to the research domain we call Real-time cosmology. We review for the first time great part of the work done in this field, analysing both the theoretical framework and some endeavor to foresee the observational strategies and their capability to constrain models. We firstly focus on real time measurements of the overall redshift drift and angular separation shift in distant source, able to trace background cosmic expansion and large scale anisotropy, respectively. We then examine the possibility of employing the same kind of observations to probe peculiar and proper acceleration in clustered systems and therefore the gravitational potential. The last two sections are devoted to the short time future change of the cosmic microwave background, as ...

  15. The Real Beauty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡晓媛

    2015-01-01

    it is well-known that all men search for beauty.Although the definition of beauty changes as time goes by,people still spare no efforts to pursue beauty in their lives.Meanwhile,most people try every means to make their body images better.With more people increasingly being eager for beauty in various ways,it is high time that we should think deeply about the concept of real beauty.In this paper,an attempt has been made to shed light on the real beauty.It is not completely physical appearance or slim figure,but a healthy body and peaceful mind as well as admirable courage.Above all,whether people can realize the nature of real beauty is certainly worthwhile for us to ponder.

  16. Real-time radiography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bossi, R.H.; Oien, C.T.

    1981-02-26

    Real-time radiography is used for imaging both dynamic events and static objects. Fluorescent screens play an important role in converting radiation to light, which is then observed directly or intensified and detected. The radiographic parameters for real-time radiography are similar to conventional film radiography with special emphasis on statistics and magnification. Direct-viewing fluoroscopy uses the human eye as a detector of fluorescent screen light or the light from an intensifier. Remote-viewing systems replace the human observer with a television camera. The remote-viewing systems have many advantages over the direct-viewing conditions such as safety, image enhancement, and the capability to produce permanent records. This report reviews real-time imaging system parameters and components.

  17. Real estate investment dynamics

    OpenAIRE

    Gruber, Johannes

    2010-01-01

    This thesis is motivated by the steadily increasing interest in the dynamic relationship between the macro-economy and the real estate sector. One of the main issues in this respect is to study the investment dynamics. Since the bursting of the U.S. housing bubble in 2006 is identified as the point of origin of the so called subprime crises, which led to the collapse of the U.S. financial system, the dynamics of real estate investments is of particular interest. In the first part of my the...

  18. Real-Time Shading

    CERN Document Server

    Olano, Marc

    2002-01-01

    This book covers real-time shading systems, their design and how they work. Procedural shading, long valued for off-line rendering and production animation is now possible on interactive graphics hardware. These developments are important for areas such as game development, product design, and scientific visualization, among others. The authors include examples of techniques for achieving common effects efficiently in a real-time shading language ranging from full procedural shading on advanced specialized hardware to limited, yet surprisingly flexible shading on unextended OpenGL, to modern P

  19. Derechos reales administrativos

    OpenAIRE

    Álvarez Hernández, Frank

    2014-01-01

    Los derechos reales administrativos se otorgan a los particulares para el goce de bienes demaniales. La naturaleza jurídica de tales derechos implica una concurrencia de dos intereses: el público, por la reserva del bien a favor del Estado, y el privado, por el goce concedido sobre el bien a favor del particular. El análisis de esa naturaleza de los derechos reales administrativos se desarrolla en este estudio con la identificación de su estructura y sus vicisitudes.

  20. Real analysis and probability

    CERN Document Server

    Ash, Robert B; Lukacs, E

    1972-01-01

    Real Analysis and Probability provides the background in real analysis needed for the study of probability. Topics covered range from measure and integration theory to functional analysis and basic concepts of probability. The interplay between measure theory and topology is also discussed, along with conditional probability and expectation, the central limit theorem, and strong laws of large numbers with respect to martingale theory.Comprised of eight chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the basic concepts of the theory of measure and integration, followed by a presentation of var

  1. Modelling Real Property Transactions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stubkjær, Erik

    2003-01-01

    Der er store forskelle i financieringsomkostningerne ved hussalg i forskellige lande. Er disse forskelle nødvendige? og kan udgifterne reduceres? Sådanne spørgsmål søger forskningsprojektet ?Modelling Real Property Transactions?, officielt sat i værk indenfor rammerne af COST (European Co...

  2. Real Warriors Campaign

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 966-1020 Live Chat MILITARY CRISIS LINE For crisis intervention 800-273-8255 , press 1 Find Care Seek Help Live Chat ABOUT US The Real Warriors Campaign is an initiative launched by the Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury (DCoE) to promote ...

  3. Un-real Estate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulfstjerne, Michael Alexander

    Based on ethnographic fieldwork in Ordos China the dissertation ‘Un-real Estate’ traces a local economic boom into its subsequent bust. It gives an account of how state as well as non-state actors appropriate state development schemes and the unintended effects resulting from the colluding forces...

  4. Real Estate Assistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    The Commercial Remote Sensing Program at Stennis Space Center assists numerous companies across the United States, in learning to use remote sensing capabilities to enhance their competitiveness. Through the Visiting Investigator Program, SSC helped Coast Delta Realty in Diamondhead, Miss., incorporate remote sensing and Geogrpahic Information System technology for real estate marketing and management.

  5. Real Estate in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rimmer, Nina Røhr

    2016-01-01

    A general introduction to buying, owning and selling Property i Denmark. The cost of buying and selling property and the tax implications as well as the general concept of real estate is introduced. The paper includes also a brief introduction to some of the aspects which you should beware of when...

  6. Real-World Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borja, Rhea R.

    2006-01-01

    This article presents IISME, a U.S. program that can give educators a real-world experience and that can deepen their subject-matter knowledge. It also presents the experiences of some teachers who are into this program. IISME's summer-fellowship program started out with 40 teachers and 12 companies. The group's growth picked up in 2001, when it…

  7. Real-Time Evaluations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    UNHCR

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available A real-time evaluation (RTE is a timely, rapid andinteractive review of a fast evolving humanitarianoperation undertaken at an early phase. Its broadobjectives are to gauge the effectiveness and impactof a given UNHCR response and to ensure that itsfindings are used as an immediate catalyst fororganisational and operational change.

  8. Introductory real analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Kolmogorov, A N; Silverman, Richard A

    1975-01-01

    Self-contained and comprehensive, this elementary introduction to real and functional analysis is readily accessible to those with background in advanced calculus. It covers basic concepts and introductory principles in set theory, metric spaces, topological and linear spaces, linear functionals and linear operators, and much more. 350 problems. 1970 edition.

  9. Mad about Real Madrid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    CHINESE football fans have never expended so much on one football game. Real Madrid's six football superstars, two million euro the richer after this trip to China, will doubtless look back on it as the pinnacle of their earning power. Fans were ecstatic at seeing

  10. Real analysis on intervals

    CERN Document Server

    Choudary, A D R

    2014-01-01

    The book targets undergraduate and postgraduate mathematics students and helps them develop a deep understanding of mathematical analysis. Designed as a first course in real analysis, it helps students learn how abstract mathematical analysis solves mathematical problems that relate to the real world. As well as providing a valuable source of inspiration for contemporary research in mathematics, the book helps students read, understand and construct mathematical proofs, develop their problem-solving abilities and comprehend the importance and frontiers of computer facilities and much more. It offers comprehensive material for both seminars and independent study for readers with a basic knowledge of calculus and linear algebra. The first nine chapters followed by the appendix on the Stieltjes integral are recommended for graduate students studying probability and statistics, while the first eight chapters followed by the appendix on dynamical systems will be of use to students of biology and environmental scie...

  11. Real topological string amplitudes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narain, K. S.; Piazzalunga, N.; Tanzini, A.

    2017-03-01

    We discuss the physical superstring correlation functions in type I theory (or equivalently type II with orientifold) that compute real topological string amplitudes. We consider the correlator corresponding to holomorphic derivative of the real topological amplitude G_{χ } , at fixed worldsheet Euler characteristic χ. This corresponds in the low-energy effective action to N=2 Weyl multiplet, appropriately reduced to the orientifold invariant part, and raised to the power g' = -χ + 1. We show that the physical string correlator gives precisely the holomorphic derivative of topological amplitude. Finally, we apply this method to the standard closed oriented case as well, and prove a similar statement for the topological amplitude F_g.

  12. REAL ESTATE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Lane Villa Developer: Beijing North Star Real Estate Development Co. Ltd. Location: Laiguangying Donglu, Chaoyang District Tel: 86-10-84701288, 84703766 Introduction: Located in a traditional villa district by the Wenyuhe River in Chaoyang District, Lane Villa covers an area of 16 hectares and has a total floor space of 110,000 square meters. Buildings in Lane Villa are harmoniously integrated with the surrounding landscape. We pursue innovation and novelty in design. The tree-like block structure not on...

  13. REAL ESTATE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    NewⅠ-House Investor: Beijing Lucky Hope Real Estate Development Co. Ltd. Developer: Beijing Molin Trunk Road Development Co. Ltd. Location: Lisui Town, Shunyi District, Beijing Tel: 86-10-89483551/52 Project introduction: When discussing Chinese-style homes in old Beijing, one naturally mentions the traditional siheyuan, or courtyard house, invoking the nostalgia associated with the ancient city. Today, with inappropriate edifices and copycat structures cluttering the capital's skyline, it is frustrating...

  14. Real Time Econometrics

    OpenAIRE

    Pesaran, M. Hashem; Timmermann, Allan

    2004-01-01

    This paper considers the problems facing decision makers using econometric models in real time. It identifies the key stages involved and highlights the role of automated systems in reducing the effect of data snooping. It sets out many choices that researchers face in construction of automated systems and discusses some of the possible ways advanced in the literature for dealing with them. The role of feedbacks from the decision maker?s actions to the data generating process is also discusse...

  15. REAL ESTATE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Project: Yosemite Villa Developer: Beijing Bishuiyuan Real Estate Development Co. Ltd. Location: 4 Yuyanglu, Houshayu Town, Shunyi District, Beijing, China Tel: 86-10-80465880. 86-10-80417188 Project introduction: Yosemite Villa is an investment of Shandong-based Luneng Group. Covering an area of 700,000 square meters, it has 455 villas and 80 apartments, as well as 139 villas that will be completed in September. Yosemite Villa is where your dream begins. Company release:

  16. REAL ESTATE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    China View Developer: Beijing Shengce Real Estate Development Co. Ltd. Location: Sanlitun, Chaoyang District, Beijing Tel: 86-10-65089898, 64151355 Introduction: The area round Sanlitun and the Worker's Stadium are the most thriving entertainment and nightlife centers for trendsetters in Beijing. Dotted with famous bars, renowned banks, exotic restaurants and boutiques, the area is within proximity of many embassies, hotels, office buildings and sports competition venues.

  17. Problems in real analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Rǎdulescu, Teodora-Liliana T.; Andreescu, Titu; Rǎdulescu, Vicenţiu

    2015-01-01

    This book ontains a collection of challenging problems in elementary mathematical analysis, uses competition-inspired problems as a platform for training typical inventive skills, develops basic valuable techniques for solving problems in mathematical analysis on the real axis, assumes only a basic knowledge of the topic but opens the path to competitive research in the field, includes interesting and valuable historical accounts of ideas and methods in analysis, presents a connection between...

  18. Real Time Processing

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva; ANDERSON, Dustin James; DOGLIONI, Caterina

    2015-01-01

    The LHC provides experiments with an unprecedented amount of data. Experimental collaborations need to meet storage and computing requirements for the analysis of this data: this is often a limiting factor in the physics program that would be achievable if the whole dataset could be analysed. In this talk, I will describe the strategies adopted by the LHCb, CMS and ATLAS collaborations to overcome these limitations and make the most of LHC data: data parking, data scouting, and real-time analysis.

  19. Percepción y hábitos de salud bucodental en niños y adolescentes de Navarra, 2007 Oral health perception and oral habits in children and teenagers in Navarre, 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Artázcoz

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. Conocer la auto-percepción del nivel de salud oral y de las necesidades de tratamiento, los hábitos de higiene y la frecuencia de asistencia al dentista de los escolares de Navarra. Material y métodos. La población de estudio fue la de 6, 12 y 14 años de edad. La muestra se obtuvo de los colegios de 1º y 6º de Enseñanza Primaria (EP y 2º de Enseñanza Secundaria Obligatoria (ESO y la recogida de datos se hizo mediante cuestionarios auto-cumplimentados. Resultados. El 92%, a los 6 y 12 años, y el 82,9% a los 14 años está satisfecho con su salud oral. El 13,1% de los de 12 años y el 19,3% de 14 están descontentos, sobre todo por el mal alineamiento dental. Aproximadamente, un tercio cree necesitar algún tratamiento, sobre todo obturaciones a los 6 años y ortodoncia a los 12 y 14. Casi dos tercios dicen cepillarse los dientes más de una vez al día y entre el 80 y el 90% dicen haber ido al dentista en el último año. Más del 75% de los responsables de los escolares de 6 y 12 años valoran positivamente las prestaciones del Programa de Atención Dental Infantil (PADI y más del 95% está satisfecho con la asistencia que el dentista del PADI presta a sus hijos. El sexo, medio de residencia y nivel socioeconómico apenas influyen en la percepción de salud, frecuencia de cepillado o necesidades de tratamiento sentidas. Conclusión. El estudio revela que la percepción subjetiva de salud dental es buena y que un tercio de los encuestados creen necesitar algún tipo de tratamiento. Es muy positivo que la mayoría digan que hayan ido al dentista en el último año y que se cepillan la boca más de una vez al día, mejorando los resultados de estudios anteriores.Background. To determine the self-perception of oral health levels and the need for treatment, hygienic habits and frequency of visits to the dentist amongst schoolchildren in Navarre. Methods. The population of the study was aged 6, 12 and 14 years. The sample was

  20. Consumo de aceite de oliva e incidencia de diabetes mellitus en la cohorte española seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN Olive oil consumption and incidence of diabetes mellitus, in the Spanish sun cohort

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Marí-Sanchis

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Se conoce el beneficio de la dieta mediterránea sobre los factores de riesgo cardiovascular y sobre el metabolismo hidrocarbonado. No está claro sin embargo, el papel particular del aceite de oliva sobre la incidencia de diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto específico del consumo de aceite de oliva sobre el riesgo de desarrollar diabetes mellitus tipo 2 en la cohorte española Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra. Métodos: Un total de 10.491 participantes seguidos durante una media de 5,7 años fueron incluidos en el análisis. La valoración dietética inicial se realizó mediante un cuestionario previamente validado y con un total de 136 ítems. El evento de interés fueron los nuevos casos de diabetes incidente diagnosticados a los participantes durante el seguimiento mediante evaluaciones repetidas cada dos años. Se estimaron los riesgos relativos (odds ratios de diabetes asociados a cada nivel de consumo de aceite de oliva (quintiles mediante modelos de regresión logística para ajustar por posibles factores de confusión. Resultados: La edad media fue de 38,9 + 11,4 años, con un índice de masa corporal de 23,8 + 3,4 kg/m². Se detectaron durante el seguimiento 42 nuevos casos de diabetes mellitus tipo 2. No hubo relación estadísticamente significativa entre el consumo de aceite de oliva y el riesgo de diabetes. La odds ratio ajustada para el quintil superior (vs.el inferior fue de 1,11 (IC 95% 0,45-2,78 (p de tendencia = 0,32. Conclusiones: No hemos encontrado asociación entre el consumo de aceite de oliva y la incidencia de diabetes tipo 2 en esta cohorte. La ausencia de asociación encontrada se podría atribuir a los pocos casos incidentes en una población sana y con pocos factores de riesgo. Probablemente sea necesario un seguimiento más prolongado de una cohorte Mediterránea con mayor riesgo basal para poder evaluar esta asociación.Introduction: The beneficial effects of the overall

  1. Factores de riesgo de ictus: Estudio caso-control en una población de la Comunidad Foral de Navarra Stroke risk factors: Population case-control study in the Foral Community of Navarre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Hervás

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Fundamentos. Conocer la prevalencia de diferentes factores de riesgo en los pacientes con enfermedad cerebrovascular de una población de la Comunidad Foral Navarra y compararlo con un grupo control de las mismas características. Pacientes y método. Estudio caso-control poblacional en una zona básica de salud (12.200 habitantes. Se incluyen 91 casos, diagnosticados de primer episodio de enfermedad cerebrovascular (1999-2003 y 182 controles (2 por caso emparejados por edad y sexo en el mismo período temporal. Resultados. La estimación de la incidencia de enfermedad cerebrovascular en nuestra serie es de entre 160 y 190 casos/100.000 habitantes y año. La prevalencia de hipertensión arterial (HTA en los casos con enfermedad cerebrovascular es del 75%; un 25% han padecido un accidente isquémico transitorio (AIT previamente y un 31% tenían fibrilación auricular. Otros factores de riesgo vascular como la diabetes o la hiperlipidemia están presentes en un 33% y un 38%, respectivamente. Otros factores de riesgo son el tabaquismo (25%, la cardiopatía isquémica (14% y los antecedentes familiares de enfermedad cerebrovascular (21,3%. Se encuentra asociación entre la enfermedad cerebrovascular y la hipertensión arterial (OR=2,2; intervalo de confianza del 95% = 1,2-4,0, antecedente personal de accidente isquémico transitorio (OR=4,0; 1,9-8,5, fibrilación auricular (OR=2,8; 1,4-5,3, diabetes mellitus (OR=2,5; 1,3-4,6. Conclusiones. Los resultados obtenidos de bases poblacionales y no sólo hospitalarias, nos ayudarán a entender de una forma más precisa la etiopatogenia de la enfermedad cerebrovascular. Los resultados que se observan para la hipertensión arterial, la diabetes mellitus y la hiperlipidemia, al ser factores de riesgo modificables, recalcan la importancia de la prevención primaria. Así mismo, en los sujetos con fibrilación auricular deberían reforzarse dichas medidas. La asociación con el diagnóstico previo de accidente

  2. Several real variables

    CERN Document Server

    Kantorovitz, Shmuel

    2016-01-01

    This undergraduate textbook is based on lectures given by the author on the differential and integral calculus of functions of several real variables. The book has a modern approach and includes topics such as: •The p-norms on vector space and their equivalence •The Weierstrass and Stone-Weierstrass approximation theorems •The differential as a linear functional; Jacobians, Hessians, and Taylor's theorem in several variables •The Implicit Function Theorem for a system of equations, proved via Banach’s Fixed Point Theorem •Applications to Ordinary Differential Equations •Line integrals and an introduction to surface integrals This book features numerous examples, detailed proofs, as well as exercises at the end of sections. Many of the exercises have detailed solutions, making the book suitable for self-study. Several Real Variables will be useful for undergraduate students in mathematics who have completed first courses in linear algebra and analysis of one real variable.

  3. Real Parabolic Vector Bundles over a Real Curve

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Sanjay Amrutiya

    2014-02-01

    We define real parabolic structures on real vector bundles over a real curve. Let $(X, _X)$ be a real curve, and let $S\\subset X$ be a non-empty finite subset of such that $_X(S) = S$. Let ≥ 2 be an integer. We construct an -fold cyclic cover : $Y→ X$ in the category of real curves, ramified precisely over each point of , and with the property that for any element of the Galois group , and any $y\\in Y$, one has $_Y(gy) = g^{-1}_Y(y)$. We established an equivalence between the category of real parabolic vector bundles on $(X,_X)$ with real parabolic structure over , all of whose weights are integral multiples of 1/, and the category of real -equivariant vector bundles on $(Y, _Y)$.

  4. Ovation Prime Real-Time

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Ovation Prime Real-Time (OPRT) product is a real-time forecast and nowcast model of auroral power and is an operational implementation of the work by Newell et...

  5. Real analysis and foundations

    CERN Document Server

    Krantz, Steven G

    2013-01-01

    Praise for the Second Edition:""The book is recommended as a source for middle-level mathematical courses. It can be used not only in mathematical departments, but also by physicists, engineers, economists, and other experts in applied sciences who want to understand the main ideas of analysis in order to use them to study mathematical models of different type processes.""-Zentralblatt MATH ""The book contains many well-chosen examples and each of the fifteen chapters is followed by almost 500 exercises. … Illustrative pictures are instructive and the design of the book makes reading it a real

  6. Microcontroladores en tiempo real

    OpenAIRE

    Spinelli, E; Veiga, Alejandro Luis

    1997-01-01

    Se presenta una estrategia para la programación de microcontroladores de propósitos generales en la implementación de sistemas de tiempo real utilizando los conceptos básicos de un sistema multitarea basado en prioridades. Esta estrategia aplicada al escribir los programas de aplicación puede proveer la solucion a diferentes casos con estrictos requerimientos en tiempo, sin utilizar software adicional ni microcontroladores sofisticados. Se analizan dos implementaciones de software de fácil...

  7. Real interest parity decomposition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex Luiz Ferreira

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to investigate the general causes of real interest rate differentials (rids for a sample of emerging markets for the period of January 1996 to August 2007. To this end, two methods are applied. The first consists of breaking the variance of rids down into relative purchasing power pariety and uncovered interest rate parity and shows that inflation differentials are the main source of rids variation; while the second method breaks down the rids and nominal interest rate differentials (nids into nominal and real shocks. Bivariate autoregressive models are estimated under particular identification conditions, having been adequately treated for the identified structural breaks. Impulse response functions and error variance decomposition result in real shocks as being the likely cause of rids.O objetivo deste artigo é investigar as causas gerais dos diferenciais da taxa de juros real (rids para um conjunto de países emergentes, para o período de janeiro de 1996 a agosto de 2007. Para tanto, duas metodologias são aplicadas. A primeira consiste em decompor a variância dos rids entre a paridade do poder de compra relativa e a paridade de juros a descoberto e mostra que os diferenciais de inflação são a fonte predominante da variabilidade dos rids; a segunda decompõe os rids e os diferenciais de juros nominais (nids em choques nominais e reais. Sob certas condições de identificação, modelos autorregressivos bivariados são estimados com tratamento adequado para as quebras estruturais identificadas e as funções de resposta ao impulso e a decomposição da variância dos erros de previsão são obtidas, resultando em evidências favoráveis a que os choques reais são a causa mais provável dos rids.

  8. Real time Faraday spectrometer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Jr., Tommy E.; Struve, Kenneth W.; Colella, Nicholas J.

    1991-01-01

    This invention uses a dipole magnet to bend the path of a charged particle beam. As the deflected particles exit the magnet, they are spatially dispersed in the bend-plane of the magnet according to their respective momenta and pass to a plurality of chambers having Faraday probes positioned therein. Both the current and energy distribution of the particles is then determined by the non-intersecting Faraday probes located along the chambers. The Faraday probes are magnetically isolated from each other by thin metal walls of the chambers, effectively providing real time current-versus-energy particle measurements.

  9. Air Weather Service Model Output Statistics Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-10-01

    Columbus CNK Concordia COF Patrick AFB CON Concord COS Colorado Spgs COU Columbia CPR Casper CRP Corpus Christi CRW Charleston CSM Clinton...NAHE Bardenas Reales, SP Zaragoza (USAF), SP Barcelona/Munta, SP Madrid /Torrejon, SP Moron De La Frontera, SP Cordoba, SP Rota Naval Station, SP...Matacan, SP 082210 LEMD Madrid /Barajas, SP 082330 LECH Calamocha, SP 082610 - Caceres, SP 082800 LEAB Albacete/Los Llano, SP 082840 LEVC Valencia

  10. REAL TOMITA-TAKESAKI THEORY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIBINGREN

    1999-01-01

    Tomita-Takesaki theory in the real case is considered. The author introduces the conception of a nondegenerate pair of closed subspaces in a real Hilbert space. Then a satisfactory real Tomita Takesaki theory is obtained, and it seems to be a special resu|t of the complex case.

  11. Controllability of Real Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Cowan, Noah J; Vilhena, Daril A; Bergstrom, Carl T

    2011-01-01

    Liu \\emph{et al.}\\ have forged new links between control theory and network dynamics by focusing on the structural controllability of networks [Lui et al., Nature:473(7346), 167-173, 2011]. Two main results in the paper are that (1) the number of driver nodes, $N_D$, necessary to control a network is determined by the network's degree distribution and (2) $N_D$ tends to represent a substantial fraction of the nodes in inhomogeneous networks such as the real-world examples considered therein. These conclusions hinge on a critical modeling assumption: the dynamical system at each node in the network is degenerate in the sense that it has an infinite time constant, implying that its value neither grows nor decays absent influence from inbound connections. However, the real networks considered in the paper---including food webs, power grids, electronic circuits, metabolic networks, and neuronal networks---manifest dynamics at each node that have finite time constants. Here we apply Liu \\emph{et al.}'s theoretical...

  12. Incidencia y mortalidad por cáncer en Navarra, 1998-2002: Evolución en los últimos 30 años Incidence and mortality due to cancer in Navarre, 1998-2002: Trends in the last 30 years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Ardanaz

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Entre 1998-2002 se registraron 16.952 nuevos casos de cáncer en Navarra. En los hombres, los cánceres más frecuentemente diagnosticados fueron, por este orden próstata, pulmón, colon y recto, vejiga y estómago, que sumaron el 63,2% de todos los casos de cáncer. En mujeres las localizaciones de mama, colon y recto, cuerpo de útero, estómago y ovario sumaron el 57,6 % del total de los casos. En el mismo periodo, 1998-2002, fallecieron por cáncer 4.127 hombres y 2.470 mujeres. El 60 % de todas las muertes producidas por tumores malignos en hombres se debieron a las localizaciones de pulmón, próstata, colón y recto, estómago y vejiga. En las mujeres las localizaciones de colon y recto, mama, estómago, páncreas y pulmón, sumaron el 49% de las defunciones por cáncer. En los hombres de Navarra han aumentado las tasas de incidencia del cáncer de próstata, riñón y linfoma no Hodgkin. Cánceres evitables, como los relacionados con el hábito de fumar (pulmón, cavidad oral y faringe o páncreas, continúan en ascenso, y representan mayor riesgo global de morir por cáncer en el último periodo estudiado que en las décadas de los años 1970 y 1980. A partir de 1995 y hasta la actualidad, la mortalidad por cáncer pasó de ocupar el segundo lugar a ser la primera causa de muerte entre los hombres de Navarra. El riesgo global de muerte por cáncer en hombres se ha igualado al primer periodo estudiado 1975-77. Entre las mujeres el riesgo global de muerte por cáncer descendió un 25% entre 1975 y 2002, a costa fundamentalmente del cáncer de mama y de estómago. Los tumores relacionados con el hábito de fumar muestran incrementos tanto en la mortalidad como en la incidencia y emerge como un problema importante de salud entre las mujeres de Navarra. Ha aumentado la incidencia de cáncer de mama, en cambio en la mortalidad se sitúa en cifras inferiores a las del primer periodo 1975-77. El cáncer invasivo de cérvix se mantiene en tasas

  13. Real algebraic geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Bochnak, Jacek; Roy, Marie-Françoise

    1998-01-01

    This book is a systematic treatment of real algebraic geometry, a subject that has strong interrelation with other areas of mathematics: singularity theory, differential topology, quadratic forms, commutative algebra, model theory, complexity theory etc. The careful and clearly written account covers both basic concepts and up-to-date research topics. It may be used as text for a graduate course. The present edition is a substantially revised and expanded English version of the book "Géometrie algébrique réelle" originally published in French, in 1987, as Volume 12 of ERGEBNISSE. Since the publication of the French version the theory has made advances in several directions. Many of these are included in this English version. Thus the English book may be regarded as a completely new treatment of the subject.

  14. Real time production optimization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saputelli, Luigi; Otavio, Joao; Araujo, Turiassu; Escorcia, Alvaro [Halliburton, Houston, TX (United States). Landmark Division

    2004-07-01

    Production optimization encompasses various activities of measuring, analyzing, modeling, prioritizing and implementing actions to enhance productivity of a field. We present a state-of-the-art framework for optimizing production on a continuous basis as new sensor data is acquired in real time. Permanently acquired data is modeled and analyzed in order to create predictive models. A model based control strategy is used to regulate well and field instrumentation. The optimum field operating point, which changes with time, satisfies the maximum economic return. This work is a starting point for further development in automatic, intelligent reservoir technologies which get the most out of the abilities of permanent, instrumented wells and remotely activated downhole completions. The strategy, tested with history-matched data from a compartmentalised giant field, proved to reduce operating costs while increasing oil recovery by 27% in this field. (author)

  15. Einstein's Real "Biggest Blunder"

    CERN Document Server

    Ellis, Homer G

    2012-01-01

    Albert Einstein's real "biggest blunder" was not the 1917 introduction into his gravitational field equations of a cosmological constant term \\Lambda, rather was his failure in 1916 to distinguish between the entirely different concepts of active gravitational mass and passive gravitational mass. Had he made the distinction, and followed David Hilbert's lead in deriving field equations from a variational principle, he might have discovered a true (not a cut and paste) Einstein-Rosen bridge and a cosmological model that would have allowed him to predict, long before such phenomena were imagined by others, inflation, a big bounce (not a big bang), an accelerating expansion of the universe, dark matter, and the existence of cosmic voids, walls, filaments, and nodes.

  16. Real estate surfaces appraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Ciuna

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In the appraisal of the market value of the properties are applied two important surface indexes: the market surface ratio of the secondary surfaces and the ratio of the site value to total value (allocation method. The measure of both these indexes can be revealed difficult: the data collection of the surface trade ratio in the market can get different results and in practice often the valuer refolds on the fixed coefficients brought in the handbooks and in the circulars of the public administration; the appraisal of the ratio of the site, especially in the central zones and for ancient buildings, where besides the incidence is higher, is developed extrapolating the ratios from the peripheral zones for new building or falling back on the publications of real estate sector.For the market comparison methods are proposed a series of test of surface trade ratio and land value ratio to foresee the effect on the appraisal result.

  17. Real Shocks Unemployment and the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate

    OpenAIRE

    Hee-Ho Kim

    2002-01-01

    We develop a model of exogenous shocks on the real exchange rate between two large countries. We alter the model by introducing unemployment to consider the issue of how unemployment in a country can significantly change the effects of real shocks on the exchange rate. Introducing unemployment adds flexibility in production that can alter the magnitudes and even signs of shocks to the real exchange rate. These changes occur because of intersectoral differences in labor demand elasticities, as...

  18. Real analysis with economic applications

    CERN Document Server

    Ok, Efe A

    2011-01-01

    There are many mathematics textbooks on real analysis, but they focus on topics not readily helpful for studying economic theory or they are inaccessible to most graduate students of economics. Real Analysis with Economic Applications aims to fill this gap by providing an ideal textbook and reference on real analysis tailored specifically to the concerns of such students. The emphasis throughout is on topics directly relevant to economic theory. In addition to addressing the usual topics of real analysis, this book discusses the elements of order theory, convex analysis, optimizatio

  19. Designing Real Time Assistive Technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sonne, Tobias; Obel, Carsten; Grønbæk, Kaj

    2015-01-01

    design criteria in relation to three core components (sensing, recognizing, and assisting) for designing real time assistive technologies for children with ADHD. Based on these design criteria, we designed the Child Activity Sensing and Training Tool (CASTT), a real time assistive prototype that captures...... activities and assists the child in maintaining attention. From a preliminary evaluation of CASTT with 20 children in several schools, we and found that: 1) it is possible to create a wearable sensor system for children with ADHD that monitors physical and physiological activities in real time; and that 2......) real time assistive technologies have potential to assist children with ADHD in regaining attention in critical school situations....

  20. Designing Real Time Assistive Technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sonne, Tobias; Obel, Carsten; Grønbæk, Kaj

    design criteria in relation to three core components (sensing, recognizing, and assisting) for designing real time assistive technologies for children with ADHD. Based on these design criteria, we designed the Child Activity Sensing and Training Tool (CASTT), a real time assistive prototype that captures...... activities and assists the child in maintaining attention. From a preliminary evaluation of CASTT with 20 children in several schools, we and found that: 1) it is possible to create a wearable sensor system for children with ADHD that monitors physical and physiological activities in real time; and that 2......) real time assistive technologies have potential to assist children with ADHD in regaining attention in critical school situations....

  1. The real new economy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, Diana

    2003-10-01

    During the soar-and-swoon days of the late 1990s, many people believed that information technology, and the Internet in particular, were "changing everything" in business. A fundamental change did happen in the 1990s, but it was less about technology than about competition. Under director Diana Farrell, the McKinsey Global Institute has conducted an extensive study of productivity and its connection to corporate IT spending and use during that period. The study revealed that information technology is important--but not central--to the fate of industries and individual companies. So if information technology was not the primary factor in the productivity surge, what was? The study points to competition and innovation. In those industries that saw increases in competitive intensity, managers were forced to innovate aggressively to protect their revenues and profits. Those innovations--in products, business practices, and technology--led to the gains in productivity. In fact, a critical dynamic of the new economy--the real new economy--is the virtuous cycle of competition, innovation, and productivity growth. Managers can innovate in many ways, but during the 1990s, information technology was a particularly powerful tool, for three reasons: First, IT enabled the development of attractive new products and efficient new business processes. Second, it facilitated the rapid industrywide diffusion of innovations. And third, it exhibited strong scale economies--its benefits multiplied rapidly as its use expanded. This article reveals surprising data on how various industries in the United States and Europe were affected by competition, innovation, and information technology in the 1990s and offers insights about how managers can get more from their IT investments.

  2. Diving into Real World Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saldana, Matt; Rodden, Leslie

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the authors discuss how educators can engage students in real world learning using their academic knowledge and technical skills. They describe how school districts have discovered that the world of robotics can help students use technical skills to solve simulated problems found in the real world, while understanding the…

  3. Doing Real Estate Business Overseas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ When we saw the amount of foreign capital currently being invested in China's real estate market,we realized that much like its foreign counterparts,China has been very active overseas as well.With encouragement from the"walking out"strategy,more and more Vhinese investors have begun to focus on overseas real estate developments.

  4. Real-time volume graphics

    CERN Document Server

    Engel, Klaus; Kniss, Joe; Rezk-Salama, Christof; Weiskopf, Daniel

    2006-01-01

    Based on course notes of SIGGRAPH course teaching techniques for real-time rendering of volumetric data and effects; covers both applications in scientific visualization and real-time rendering. Starts with the basics (texture-based ray casting) and then improves and expands the algorithms incrementally. Book includes source code, algorithms, diagrams, and rendered graphics.

  5. A Real Shooting Star

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    [figure removed for brevity, see original site] Click on the image for movie of A Real Shooting Star This artist's animation illustrates a star flying through our galaxy at supersonic speeds, leaving a 13-light-year-long trail of glowing material in its wake. The star, named Mira (pronounced my-rah) after the latin word for 'wonderful,' sheds material that will be recycled into new stars, planets and possibly even life. NASA's Galaxy Evolution Explorer discovered the long trail of material behind Mira during its survey of the entire sky in ultraviolet light. The animation begins by showing a close-up of Mira -- a red-giant star near the end of its life. Red giants are red in color and extremely bloated; for example, if a red giant were to replace our sun, it would engulf everything out to the orbit of Mars. They constantly blow off gas and dust in the form of stellar winds, supplying the galaxy with molecules, such as oxygen and carbon, that will make their way into new solar systems. Our sun will mature into a red giant in about 5 billion years. As the animation pulls out, we can see the enormous trail of material deposited behind Mira as it hurls along between the stars. Like a boat traveling through water, a bow shock, or build up of gas, forms ahead of the star in the direction of its motion. Gas in the bow shock is heated and then mixes with the cool hydrogen gas in the wind that is blowing off Mira. This heated hydrogen gas then flows around behind the star, forming a turbulent wake. Why does the trailing hydrogen gas glow in ultraviolet light? When it is heated, it transitions into a higher-energy state, which then loses energy by emitting ultraviolet light - a process known as fluorescence. Finally, the artist's rendering gives way to the actual ultraviolet image taken by the Galaxy Evolution Explorer Mira is located 350 light-years from Earth in the constellation Cetus, otherwise known as the whale. Coincidentally, Mira and its 'whale of a tail' can be

  6. Estudio de riesgo vascular en Navarra: objetivos y diseño. Prevalencia del síndrome metabólico y de los factores mayores de riesgo vascular Study of vascular risk in Navarre: objectives and design. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and of vascular risk factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.J. Viñes

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: Determinar en una muestra poblacional la prevalencia de los factores de riesgo y del síndrome metabólico, su asociación con las lesiones arterioscleróticas subclínicas y su impacto sobre la enfermedad cardiovascular y cerebrovascular a los 10 años. Material y métodos: (Fase I Estudio transversal en una muestra aleatoria estratificada por edad y sexo de la población de Navarra entre 35 y 84 años, por encuesta sobre antecedentes vasculares, factores de riesgo, exploración física y analítica. (Fase II Estudio de cohortes de 10 años de seguimiento, en 500 expuestos y 500 no expuestos al SM, entre 45 y 74 años seleccionados para una razón de riesgo de 2, y una potencia del 82,25%, con exploración de marcadores de arteriosclerosis subclínica por imagen y analíticos. (Fase III Seguimiento de eventos de enfermedad vascular a los 10 años de la muestra poblacional y de la cohorte prospectiva. Resultados: (Fase 1 Los sujetos requeridos fueron 6.553; excluidos y no localizados 871; la muestra efectiva 5.682 (2.644 hombres y 3.038 mujeres y completaron el estudio 4.168 sujetos, (73,4%. La prevalencia del síndrome metabólico entre 35 y 84 años fue de 22,1 por 100 (IC95% 20,5-23,7 en hombres y de 17,2% (IC95% 15,8-18,5 en mujeres. Los factores mayores de riesgo vascular presentan prevalencias altas esperadas respecto a otras áreas geográficas excepto la del HDL colesterol bajo que lo fue de 8,5 por 100 (IC95% 7,4-9,6 en hombres y de 1,7% (IC95% 1,3-2,2. Conclusiones: Existen diferencias importantes de riesgo entre sexos en detrimento de los hombres. Las altas cifras promedio de HDL colesterol y la baja prevalencia de síndrome metabólico pueden justificar el menor riesgo de eventos vasculares en Navarra.Background. To determine in a representative sample of the population the prevalence of risk factors and metabolic syndrome; their association with sub-clinical atherosclerotic lesions and their impact on

  7. SATDA Real Estate Division Launches

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rob Emerick

    2008-01-01

    <正>Hello Readers, I am happy to announce the new real estate section for this magazine,called"America is For Sale".This section will focus on current and important issues regarding the real estate industry within the United States of America.There has been a great deal of interest in the American real estate market from Chinese investors lately.The weak US dollar and strong Chinese renminbi alone make the US market attractive to Chinese investors.Now,with the US in the bottom of a real estate cycle,property is amazingly inexpensive.Many foreign investors are buying as much as they can because the investors understand this is the best time to buy:at the bottom of a cycle.

  8. Real and Hybrid Atomic Orbitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, D. B.; Fowler, P. W.

    1981-01-01

    Demonstrates that the Schrodinger equation for the hydrogenlike atom separates in both spheroconal and prolate spheroidal coordinates and that these separations provide a sound theoretical basis for the real and hybrid atomic orbitals. (Author/SK)

  9. Adjusted Period for Real Estate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ The Chinese real estate market has seen sustained prosperity for the last 10 years, but the climbing price of housing has made everyone begin to question whether this industry is overheated or if there is a bubble ready to burst.

  10. Quantifying randomness in real networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orsini, Chiara; Dankulov, Marija M; Colomer-de-Simón, Pol; Jamakovic, Almerima; Mahadevan, Priya; Vahdat, Amin; Bassler, Kevin E; Toroczkai, Zoltán; Boguñá, Marián; Caldarelli, Guido; Fortunato, Santo; Krioukov, Dmitri

    2015-10-20

    Represented as graphs, real networks are intricate combinations of order and disorder. Fixing some of the structural properties of network models to their values observed in real networks, many other properties appear as statistical consequences of these fixed observables, plus randomness in other respects. Here we employ the dk-series, a complete set of basic characteristics of the network structure, to study the statistical dependencies between different network properties. We consider six real networks--the Internet, US airport network, human protein interactions, technosocial web of trust, English word network, and an fMRI map of the human brain--and find that many important local and global structural properties of these networks are closely reproduced by dk-random graphs whose degree distributions, degree correlations and clustering are as in the corresponding real network. We discuss important conceptual, methodological, and practical implications of this evaluation of network randomness, and release software to generate dk-random graphs.

  11. Real-time vision systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, R.; Hernandez, J.E.; Lu, Shin-yee [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1994-11-15

    Many industrial and defence applications require an ability to make instantaneous decisions based on sensor input of a time varying process. Such systems are referred to as `real-time systems` because they process and act on data as it occurs in time. When a vision sensor is used in a real-time system, the processing demands can be quite substantial, with typical data rates of 10-20 million samples per second. A real-time Machine Vision Laboratory (MVL) was established in FY94 to extend our years of experience in developing computer vision algorithms to include the development and implementation of real-time vision systems. The laboratory is equipped with a variety of hardware components, including Datacube image acquisition and processing boards, a Sun workstation, and several different types of CCD cameras, including monochrome and color area cameras and analog and digital line-scan cameras. The equipment is reconfigurable for prototyping different applications. This facility has been used to support several programs at LLNL, including O Division`s Peacemaker and Deadeye Projects as well as the CRADA with the U.S. Textile Industry, CAFE (Computer Aided Fabric Inspection). To date, we have successfully demonstrated several real-time applications: bullet tracking, stereo tracking and ranging, and web inspection. This work has been documented in the ongoing development of a real-time software library.

  12. Making real options really work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Putten, Alexander B; MacMillan, Ian C

    2004-12-01

    As a way to value growth opportunities, real options have had a difficult time catching on with managers. Many CFOs believe the method ensures the overvaluation of risky projects. This concern is legitimate, but abandoning real options as a valuation model isn't the solution. Companies that rely solely on discounted cash flow (DCF) analysis underestimate the value of their projects and may fail to invest enough in uncertain but highly promising opportunities. CFOs need not--and should not--choose one approach over the other. Far from being a replacement for DCF analysis, real options are an essential complement, and a project's total value should encompass both. DCF captures a base estimate of value; real options take into account the potential for big gains. This is not to say that there aren't problems with real options. As currently applied, they focus almost exclusively on the risks associated with revenues, ignoring the risks associated with a project's costs. It's also true that option valuations almost always ignore assets that an initial investment in a subsequently abandoned project will often leave the company. In this article, the authors present a simple formula for combining DCF and option valuations that addresses these two problems. Using an integrated approach, managers will, in the long run, select better projects than their more timid competitors while keeping risk under control. Thus, they will outperform their rivals in both the product and the capital markets.

  13. A course in real analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Junghenn, Hugo D

    2015-01-01

    Functions of One Variable The Real Number System From Natural Numbers to Real Numbers Algebraic Properties of R Order Structure of R Completeness Property of R Mathematical Induction Euclidean Space Numerical Sequences Limits of Sequences Monotone Sequences Subsequences. Cauchy Sequences Limit Inferior and Limit Superior Limits and Continuity on R Limit of a Function Limits Inferior and Superior Continuous Functions Some Properties of Continuous Functions Uniform Continuity Differentiation on R Definition of Derivative. Examples The Mean Value Theorem Convex Functions Inverse Functions L'Hospi

  14. Real Analysis A Historical Approach

    CERN Document Server

    Stahl, Saul

    2011-01-01

    A provocative look at the tools and history of real analysis This new edition of Real Analysis: A Historical Approach continues to serve as an interesting read for students of analysis. Combining historical coverage with a superb introductory treatment, this book helps readers easily make the transition from concrete to abstract ideas. The book begins with an exciting sampling of classic and famous problems first posed by some of the greatest mathematicians of all time. Archimedes, Fermat, Newton, and Euler are each summoned in turn, illuminating the utility of infinite, power, and trigonome

  15. Elementary real and complex analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Shilov, Georgi E

    1996-01-01

    In this book the renowned Russian mathematician Georgi E. Shilov brings his unique perspective to real and complex analysis, an area of perennial interest in mathematics. Although there are many books available on the topic, the present work is specially designed for undergraduates in mathematics, science and engineering. A high level of mathematical sophistication is not required.The book begins with a systematic study of real numbers, understood to be a set of objects satisfying certain definite axioms. The concepts of a mathematical structure and an isomorphism are introduced in Chapter 2,

  16. Cavernas virtuales y cavernas reales

    OpenAIRE

    Echeverría, Javier

    2008-01-01

    La caverna platónica real es la naturaleza y está compuesta por una sucesión de microcuevas engarzadas en el espacio y en el tiempo, nuestros respectivos Lebenswelten. El lugar del filósofo es la boca de la caverna, es decir, el lugar donde se proyectan los objetos artificiales cuyas sombras son el Lebenswelt. El teatro, el cine, la televisión y actualmente Internet son buenas representaciones de las diversas cuevas virtuales que los humanos construimos dentro de la caverna real para represen...

  17. Patrones de colonización y ecología de poblaciones de dos bivalvos invasores (mejillón cebra Dreissena polymorpha Pallas, 1771 y almeja asiática Corbicula fluminea Müller, 1774 en un tramo lótico del Ebro medio (Castejón, Navarra.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MORALES, J., FLECHOSO, F., LIZANA, M., NEGRO, A.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Los bivalvos dulceacuícolas son un componente importante de la ecología fluvial, fundamentalmente por el papel que desempeñan como organismos filtradores y de remoción del sedimento. Además son un grupo zoológico diverso y amenazado a escala global, en el que se incluyen algunas de las especies invasoras más dañinas. El estudio de sus poblaciones es imprescindible para conocer el estado de conservación de las comunidades bentónicas. Para esto se prospectaron 17 parcelas vadeables y 7 escolleras a lo largo de 7,38 km de meandros del río Ebro en Castejón (Navarra, tanto el cauce principal como en brazos secundarios de corriente permanente y/o temporal. El mejillón cebra Dreissena polymorpha Pallas, 1771 se encontró en 7 escolleras y 6 parcelas. El sustrato preferente fueron rocas (85%, donde la densidad resultó 0,31-5,45 mejillones/m2; el 2,6% se hallaron sobre plásticos agrícolas abandonados. En las escolleras sólo el 3,6% de los ejemplares eran juveniles y un 33% tenían una edad > 4 años. La almeja asiática Corbicula fluminea Müller, 1774 se encontró en todas las parcelas. La densidad resultó muy diferente en los tres tipos de ambientes fluviales con valores máximos de 15.100 almejas/m2, lo que constituye un nuevo máximo fluvial en Europa. Se encontraron subpoblaciones de almeja asiática con diferentes estructuras de edad según los ambientes fluviales, además de poblaciones menos numerosas en el brazo principal del río que en los otros tipos. Los resultados muestran que junto a estas especies alóctonas en expansión, con altas tasas de reclutamiento, se encuentra una estructura poblacional muy precaria para las autóctonas, de las cuales únicamente se localizaron 12 náyades vivas y ningún esférido.

  18. Real-world driving behaviour

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rijkeboer, R.C.; Hendriksen, P.; Gense, N.L.J.

    2001-01-01

    With increasing complexity of engine management system there is a tendency for traditional driving cyles to become further and further removed from reality. So for a sensible evaluation of emissions and fuel consumption of road vehicles in the field there is an urgent need for 'real-world' driving p

  19. Computer Screen or Real Life?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Suurmets, Seidi; Clement, Jesper

    Aims: In many disciplines, including consumer and marketing research, the findings from eyetracking studies in lab settings are often generalized to natural environments. While studies in the real world have become more common with a statement on increased external validity, the degree to which t...

  20. The Real World Starts Here

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Kimberly A.

    2012-01-01

    The author, principal at North Point High School of Science, Technology and Industry in Charles County, Maryland, describes how the school merges traditional academic classes with cutting-edge career and technical education courses to prepare students for the real world. Realizing that its traditional "vo-tech" model was undersubscribed…

  1. Alice in the Real World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Tom

    2012-01-01

    As a fifth-grade mathematics teacher, the author tries to create authentic problem-solving activities that connect to the world in which his students live. He discovered a natural connection to his students' real world at a computer camp. A friend introduced him to Alice, a computer application developed at Carnegie Mellon, under the leadership of…

  2. Real Time Sonic Boom Display

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haering, Ed

    2014-01-01

    This presentation will provide general information about sonic boom mitigation technology to the public in order to supply information to potential partners and licensees. The technology is a combination of flight data, atmospheric data and terrain information implemented into a control room real time display for flight planning. This research is currently being performed and as such, any results and conclusions are ongoing.

  3. Real Analytic Machines and Degrees

    CERN Document Server

    Gärtner, Tobias; 10.4204/EPTCS.24.12

    2010-01-01

    We study and compare in two degree-theoretic ways (iterated Halting oracles analogous to Kleene's arithmetical hierarchy and the Borel hierarchy of descriptive set theory) the capabilities and limitations of three models of analytic computation: BSS machines (aka real-RAM) and strongly/weakly analytic machines as introduced by Hotz et. al. (1995).

  4. Real time automatic scene classification

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Israël, Menno; Broek, van den Egon L.; Putten, van der Peter; Uyl, den Marten J.; Verbrugge, R.; Taatgen, N.; Schomaker, L.

    2004-01-01

    This work has been done as part of the EU VICAR (IST) project and the EU SCOFI project (IAP). The aim of the first project was to develop a real time video indexing classification annotation and retrieval system. For our systems, we have adapted the approach of Picard and Minka [3], who categorized

  5. The Real E-books.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ditlea, Steve

    2000-01-01

    Focuses on the "real" e-books. Discusses Stephen King's novella released exclusively for electronic publication, and discusses experiences of another author writing on a specialized subject. Presents a brief background of e-books. Examines the differences between Portable Document Format (PDF) technology and the new Open eBook (OEB) standard.…

  6. Was Adam a Real Person?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamoureux, Denis O.

    2011-01-01

    Belief in the historicity of Adam has been held firmly throughout the history of the church. In the light of modern biblical criticism and the evolutionary sciences, some conservative Christians are now questioning whether or not Adam was a real person. This paper argues that the existence of Adam in the opening chapters of scripture reflects an…

  7. Foley Sounds vs Real Sounds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trento, Stefano; Götzen, Amalia De

    2011-01-01

    This paper is an initial attempt to study the world of sound effects for motion pictures, also known as Foley sounds. Throughout several audio and audio-video tests we have compared both Foley and real sounds originated by an identical action. The main purpose was to evaluate if sound effects...

  8. ISTTOK real-time architecture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carvalho, Ivo S., E-mail: ivoc@ipfn.ist.utl.pt; Duarte, Paulo; Fernandes, Horácio; Valcárcel, Daniel F.; Carvalho, Pedro J.; Silva, Carlos; Duarte, André S.; Neto, André; Sousa, Jorge; Batista, António J.N.; Hekkert, Tiago; Carvalho, Bernardo B.

    2014-03-15

    Highlights: • All real-time diagnostics and actuators were integrated in the same control platform. • A 100 μs control cycle was achieved under the MARTe framework. • Time-windows based control with several event-driven control strategies implemented. • AC discharges with exception handling on iron core flux saturation. • An HTML discharge configuration was developed for configuring the MARTe system. - Abstract: The ISTTOK tokamak was upgraded with a plasma control system based on the Advanced Telecommunications Computing Architecture (ATCA) standard. This control system was designed to improve the discharge stability and to extend the operational space to the alternate plasma current (AC) discharges as part of the ISTTOK scientific program. In order to accomplish these objectives all ISTTOK diagnostics and actuators relevant for real-time operation were integrated in the control system. The control system was programmed in C++ over the Multi-threaded Application Real-Time executor (MARTe) which provides, among other features, a real-time scheduler, an interrupt handler, an intercommunications interface between code blocks and a clearly bounded interface with the external devices. As a complement to the MARTe framework, the BaseLib2 library provides the foundations for the data, code introspection and also a Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) server service. Taking advantage of the modular nature of MARTe, the algorithms of each diagnostic data processing, discharge timing, context switch, control and actuators output reference generation, run on well-defined blocks of code named Generic Application Module (GAM). This approach allows reusability of the code, simplified simulation, replacement or editing without changing the remaining GAMs. The ISTTOK control system GAMs run sequentially each 100 μs cycle on an Intel{sup ®} Q8200 4-core processor running at 2.33 GHz located in the ATCA crate. Two boards (inside the ATCA crate) with 32 analog

  9. Image Based Appraisal of Real Estate Properties

    OpenAIRE

    You, Quanzeng; Pang, Ran; Luo, Jiebo

    2016-01-01

    Real estate appraisal, which is the process of estimating the price for real estate properties, is crucial for both buys and sellers as the basis for negotiation and transaction. Traditionally, the repeat sales model has been widely adopted to estimate real estate price. However, it depends the design and calculation of a complex economic related index, which is challenging to estimate accurately. Today, real estate brokers provide easy access to detailed online information on real estate pro...

  10. E-Real Estate Property Management System

    OpenAIRE

    Majid Shanto, Syed Nurul

    2003-01-01

    Real estate business is one of the oldest businesses in the business world which is also considered to be associated with the toughest business environment to invest for investment because of its volatile behavior. In order to be competitive in the real estate market, the real estate developer as well as real estate specialist like real estate agent is constantly fighting for achieving marginal profit from the market. 21st century is the century of advance technology and utilizing its power i...

  11. Percolation in real multiplex networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bianconi, Ginestra; Radicchi, Filippo

    2016-12-01

    We present an exact mathematical framework able to describe site-percolation transitions in real multiplex networks. Specifically, we consider the average percolation diagram valid over an infinite number of random configurations where nodes are present in the system with given probability. The approach relies on the locally treelike ansatz, so that it is expected to accurately reproduce the true percolation diagram of sparse multiplex networks with negligible number of short loops. The performance of our theory is tested in social, biological, and transportation multiplex graphs. When compared against previously introduced methods, we observe improvements in the prediction of the percolation diagrams in all networks analyzed. Results from our method confirm previous claims about the robustness of real multiplex networks, in the sense that the average connectedness of the system does not exhibit any significant abrupt change as its individual components are randomly destroyed.

  12. Percolation in real multiplex networks

    CERN Document Server

    Bianconi, Ginestra

    2016-01-01

    We present an exact mathematical framework able to describe site-percolation transitions in real multiplex networks. Specifically, we consider the average percolation diagram valid over an infinite number of random configurations where nodes are present in the system with given probability. The approach relies on the locally treelike ansatz, so that it is expected to accurately reproduce the true percolation diagram of sparse multiplex networks with negligible number of short loops. The performance of our theory is tested in social, biological, and transportation multiplex graphs. When compared against previously introduced methods, we observe improvements in the prediction of the percolation diagrams in all networks analyzed. Results from our method confirm previous claims about the robustness of real multiplex networks, in the sense that the average connectedness of the system does not exhibit any significant abrupt change as its individual components are randomly destroyed.

  13. Complex analogues of real problems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Esdahl-Schou, Rune

    This thesis will be a mix of different problems in number theory. As such it is split into two natural parts. The rst part focuses on normal numbers and construction of numbers that are normal to a given complex base. It is written in the style of a thorough and introductory paper on that subject...... and Tichy in [Madritsch et al., 2008] and [Madritsch, 2008] and contains a generalisation of the main theorem in [Madritsch, 2008]. The second part of the thesis focuses on Diophantine approximation, mainly on a famous conjecture by Schmidt from the 1980s. This conjecture was solved by Badziahin, Pollington...... and Velani, and inspired by this An gave a different proof which provides a stronger result. The conjecture is concerned with intersections of certain sets in the plane and are as such a real problem. We will consider a slightly different setup where the real plane is replaced by the complex plane. Using...

  14. Manufacturing real wages in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    López V Antonia

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we analyse the recent evolution and determinants of real wages in Mexico?s manufacturing sector, using theories based on the assumption of imperfect competition both in the product and in the labour markets, especially wage-bargain theory, insider-outsider and mark-up models. We show evidence that the Mexican labour market does not behave as a traditional competitive market. The proposed explanation for this fact is that some workers benefit from advantages when compared with others, so that they can get a greater share of the proceedings of the productive process. Also, we find that changes in the degree of competition in the market for output influence the behaviour of real wages.

  15. Observability transition in real networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yang; Radicchi, Filippo

    2016-09-01

    We consider the observability model in networks with arbitrary topologies. We introduce a system of coupled nonlinear equations, valid under the locally treelike ansatz, to describe the size of the largest observable cluster as a function of the fraction of directly observable nodes present in the network. We perform a systematic analysis on 95 real-world graphs and compare our theoretical predictions with numerical simulations of the observability model. Our method provides almost perfect predictions in the majority of the cases, even for networks with very large values of the clustering coefficient. Potential applications of our theory include the development of efficient and scalable algorithms for real-time surveillance of social networks, and monitoring of technological networks.

  16. Observability transition in real networks

    CERN Document Server

    Yang, Yang

    2016-01-01

    We consider the observability model in networks with arbitrary topologies. We introduce a system of coupled nonlinear equations, valid under the locally tree-like ansatz, to describe the size of the largest observable cluster as a function of the fraction of directly observable nodes present in the network. We perform a systematic analysis on 95 real-world graphs and compare our theoretical predictions with numerical simulations of the observability model. Our method provides almost perfect predictions in the majority of the cases, even for networks with very large values of the clustering coefficient. Potential applications of our theory include the development of efficient and scalable algorithms for real-time surveillance of social networks, and monitoring of technological networks.

  17. Radiation damping in real time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendes, A C; Takakura, F I

    2001-11-01

    We study the nonequilibrium dynamics of a charge interacting with its own radiation, which originates the radiation damping. The real-time equation of motion for the charge and the associated Langevin equation is found in classical limit. The equation of motion for the charge allows one to obtain the frequency-dependent coefficient of friction. In the lowest order we find that although the coefficient of static friction vanishes, there is dynamical dissipation represented by a non-Markovian dissipative kernel.

  18. Real Multiplication on Jacobian Varieties

    CERN Document Server

    Kucharczyk, Robert A

    2012-01-01

    This is a slightly revised version of the author's 2010 diploma thesis. It is concerned with the interplay between real multiplication on Jacobian varieties, as the title suggests, and complex geodesics in the moduli space of curves. Large parts are expository and may hopefully serve as a very incomplete introduction to Teichmueller disks and curves, the moduli space of abelian differentials with its SL2(R)-operation and variations of Hodge structure.

  19. Reverberation Radius in Real Rooms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Mijić

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available A reverberation radius, also called a critical distance, is an important parameter in sound reproduction. Statistical approach gives a simple formula for its calculation, and some simple methods for its measurement were described in literature. To measure the critical distance in real rooms, a more accurate method is proposed. This paper is concerned with that method. Accuracy of the method was analysed and the results of critical distance measurement in several rooms of different sizes and acoustical characteristics are presented.

  20. Computer Screen or Real Life?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Suurmets, Seidi; Clement, Jesper

    Aims: In many disciplines, including consumer and marketing research, the findings from eyetracking studies in lab settings are often generalized to natural environments. While studies in the real world have become more common with a statement on increased external validity, the degree to which....... In mobile settings visual salience was less predictive of eye movement selections and the dwell times were longer. The stationary presentation of stimuli resulted in considerable central fixation bias and the locations of redwells were more spread out. The freeviewing condition resulted in highest...

  1. Real-time flutter analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, R.; Gupta, N.

    1984-01-01

    The important algorithm issues necessary to achieve a real time flutter monitoring system; namely, the guidelines for choosing appropriate model forms, reduction of the parameter convergence transient, handling multiple modes, the effect of over parameterization, and estimate accuracy predictions, both online and for experiment design are addressed. An approach for efficiently computing continuous-time flutter parameter Cramer-Rao estimate error bounds were developed. This enables a convincing comparison of theoretical and simulation results, as well as offline studies in preparation for a flight test. Theoretical predictions, simulation and flight test results from the NASA Drones for Aerodynamic and Structural Test (DAST) Program are compared.

  2. Multidimensional real analysis I differentiation

    CERN Document Server

    Duistermaat, J J; van Braam Houckgeest, J P

    2004-01-01

    Part one of the authors' comprehensive and innovative work on multidimensional real analysis. This book is based on extensive teaching experience at Utrecht University and gives a thorough account of differential analysis in multidimensional Euclidean space. It is an ideal preparation for students who wish to go on to more advanced study. The notation is carefully organized and all proofs are clean, complete and rigorous. The authors have taken care to pay proper attention to all aspects of the theory. In many respects this book presents an original treatment of the subject and it contains man

  3. Toil and Real Estate Trouble

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LAN XINZHEN

    2010-01-01

    @@ Nearly two years after the financial crisis,the Chinese economy is faring well-maybe too well.A recent Ministry of Land and Resources (MLR) report stated a dangerous bubble is expanding in the property market,raising concerns among policymakers. The price surges came as a surprisewhile the financial crisis plunged the world into a deep recession,sending a chill through the once-booming Chinese economy,the real estate market staged a defiant comeback.According to data from the China Land Surveying and Planning Institute,the country's average residence price ,soared 25 percent in 2009 from the previous year,a record rate since 2001.

  4. 45 CFR 2541.310 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Real property. 2541.310 Section 2541.310 Public... Changes, Property and Subawards § 2541.310 Real property. (a) Title. Subject to the obligations and conditions set forth in this section, title to real property acquired under a grant or subgrant will...

  5. 43 CFR 12.71 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Real property. 12.71 Section 12.71 Public... to State and Local Governments Changes, Property, and Subawards § 12.71 Real property. (a) Title. Subject to the obligations and conditions set forth in this section, title to real property acquired...

  6. 13 CFR 143.31 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real property. 143.31 Section 143..., Property, and Subawards § 143.31 Real property. (a) Title. Subject to the obligations and conditions set forth in this section, title to real property acquired under a grant or subgrant will vest...

  7. 45 CFR 602.31 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Real property. 602.31 Section 602.31 Public... Requirements § 602.31 Real property. (a) Title. Subject to the obligations and conditions set forth in this section, title to real property acquired under a grant or subgrant will vest upon acquisition in...

  8. 20 CFR 435.32 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real property. 435.32 Section 435.32... ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Property Standards § 435.32 Real property. SSA will prescribe requirements for recipients concerning the use and disposition of real property acquired in whole or in part...

  9. 24 CFR 84.32 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real property. 84.32 Section 84.32... NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Property Standards § 84.32 Real property. HUD prescribes the following requirements for recipients concerning the use and disposition of real...

  10. 24 CFR 85.31 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real property. 85.31 Section 85.31... TRIBAL GOVERNMENTS Post-Award Requirements Changes, Property, and Subawards § 85.31 Real property. (a) Title. Subject to the obligations and conditions set forth in this section, title to real...

  11. 29 CFR 1470.31 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Real property. 1470.31 Section 1470.31 Labor Regulations... Changes, Property, and Subawards § 1470.31 Real property. (a) Title. Subject to the obligations and conditions set forth in this section, title to real property acquired under a grant or subgrant will...

  12. 2 CFR 215.32 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real property. 215.32 Section 215.32 Grants... ORGANIZATIONS (OMB CIRCULAR A-110) Post Award Requirements Property Standards § 215.32 Real property. Each... real property acquired in whole or in part under awards. Unless otherwise provided by statute,...

  13. 44 CFR 13.31 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Real property. 13.31 Section... LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Post-Award Requirements Changes, Property, and Subawards § 13.31 Real property. (a) Title. Subject to the obligations and conditions set forth in this section, title to real...

  14. 43 CFR 12.932 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Real property. 12.932 Section 12.932... Requirements § 12.932 Real property. Each Federal awarding agency shall prescribe requirements for recipients concerning the use and disposition of real property acquired in whole or in part under awards....

  15. 45 CFR 2543.32 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Real property. 2543.32 Section 2543.32 Public... ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Property Standards § 2543.32 Real property. Each Federal awarding agency shall prescribe requirements for recipients concerning the use and disposition of real property...

  16. Real time analysis under EDS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schneberk, D.

    1985-07-01

    This paper describes the analysis component of the Enrichment Diagnostic System (EDS) developed for the Atomic Vapor Laser Isotope Separation Program (AVLIS) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Four different types of analysis are performed on data acquired through EDS: (1) absorption spectroscopy on laser-generated spectral lines, (2) mass spectrometer analysis, (3) general purpose waveform analysis, and (4) separation performance calculations. The information produced from this data includes: measures of particle density and velocity, partial pressures of residual gases, and overall measures of isotope enrichment. The analysis component supports a variety of real-time modeling tasks, a means for broadcasting data to other nodes, and a great degree of flexibility for tailoring computations to the exact needs of the process. A particular data base structure and program flow is common to all types of analysis. Key elements of the analysis component are: (1) a fast access data base which can configure all types of analysis, (2) a selected set of analysis routines, (3) a general purpose data manipulation and graphics package for the results of real time analysis. Each of these components are described with an emphasis upon how each contributes to overall system capability. 3 figs.

  17. Lars and the Real Girl

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ted Remington

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The 2007 film Lars and the Real Girl challenged viewer’s expectations, not simply through its unusual premise (a man having a relationship with a doll, through its consistent refusal to resolve the plot’s various conflicts through verbal or physical violence. Instead, the plot resolves in a way consistent with what peace researcher Johan Galtung has termed positive transcendence, a means of coming to a resolution that meets the needs of all parties. Although the film’s far-fetched plot makes direct practical application of the characters’ actions unlikely, the film performs a more important role in helping to expand moviegoers’ “horizons of expectation.” By prompting its audience to accept an utterly nonviolent, nonconfrontational resolution to the central conflict of the plot, Lars and the Real Girl subverts the notion that satisfying cinematic endings must involve winners and losers. It helps make room for a greater acceptance of nonviolent resolution of problems in popular film.

  18. Real-time analysis keratometer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adachi, Iwao P. (Inventor); Adachi, Yoshifumi (Inventor); Frazer, Robert E. (Inventor)

    1987-01-01

    A computer assisted keratometer in which a fiducial line pattern reticle illuminated by CW or pulsed laser light is projected on a corneal surface through lenses, a prismoidal beamsplitter quarterwave plate, and objective optics. The reticle surface is curved as a conjugate of an ideal corneal curvature. The fiducial image reflected from the cornea undergoes a polarization shift through the quarterwave plate and beamsplitter whereby the projected and reflected beams are separated and directed orthogonally. The reflected beam fiducial pattern forms a moire pattern with a replica of the first recticle. This moire pattern contains transverse aberration due to differences in curvature between the cornea and the ideal corneal curvature. The moire pattern is analyzed in real time by computer which displays either the CW moire pattern or a pulsed mode analysis of the transverse aberration of the cornea under observation, in real time. With the eye focused on a plurality of fixation points in succession, a survey of the entire corneal topography is made and a contour map or three dimensional plot of the cornea can be made as a computer readout in addition to corneal radius and refractive power analysis.

  19. Real Estate Taxes in Albania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Koprencka

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The construction sector is one of the mainsectors of the Albanian economy, which,during the last 20 years, has experiencedthe greatest economic growth. In 1991 thissector has contributed by 2.5% to the GDP,in 2006 by 4.9%, while in 2008, this sectorhas contributed by 14.9% to the national GDP. The relevant legislation has played animportant role in the development of this sector. The applied laws have tried to maintainat low levels the real estate prices and totransform such a problematic sector, withreference to fiscal evasion and informality,into an easily controllable sector. The taxesapplied in the construction sector are the sameas in other economic sectors, although thetaxation management in the construction sector, except forthose common principles thatregulate the tax management in general, isbased on some specificrules related to thecharacteristics of this sector. Increase the level of taxation on the transfer of ownership tothe extent of 10%, paralyzed the housing market by reducing the number of sales,especially of real estate old, previously this was 0.3-5%of sales value.JEL Classification: H21

  20. Real Time Pricing and the Real Live Firm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moezzi, Mithra; Goldman, Charles; Sezgen, Osman; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Hopper, Nicole

    2004-05-26

    Energy economists have long argued the benefits of real time pricing (RTP) of electricity. Their basis for modeling customers response to short-term fluctuations in electricity prices are based on theories of rational firm behavior, where management strives to minimize operating costs and optimize profit, and labor, capital and energy are potential substitutes in the firm's production function. How well do private firms and public sector institutions operating conditions, knowledge structures, decision-making practices, and external relationships comport with these assumptions and how might this impact price response? We discuss these issues on the basis of interviews with 29 large (over 2 MW) industrial, commercial, and institutional customers in the Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation service territory that have faced day-ahead electricity market prices since 1998. We look at stories interviewees told about why and how they respond to RTP, why some customers report that they can't, and why even if they can, they don't. Some firms respond as theorized, and we describe their load curtailment strategies. About half of our interviewees reported that they were unable to either shift or forego electricity consumption even when prices are high ($0.50/kWh). Reasons customers gave for why they weren't price-responsive include implicit value placed on reliability, pricing structures, lack of flexibility in adjusting production inputs, just-in-time practices, perceived barriers to onsite generation, and insufficient time. We draw these observations into a framework that could help refine economic theory of dynamic pricing by providing real-world descriptions of how firms behave and why.

  1. Introduction to Real Analysis An Educational Approach

    CERN Document Server

    Bauldry, William C

    2011-01-01

    An accessible introduction to real analysis and its connection to elementary calculus Bridging the gap between the development and history of real analysis, Introduction to Real Analysis: An Educational Approach presents a comprehensive introduction to real analysis while also offering a survey of the field. With its balance of historical background, key calculus methods, and hands-on applications, this book provides readers with a solid foundation and fundamental understanding of real analysis. The book begins with an outline of basic calculus, including a close examination of problems illust

  2. Autonomous Real Time Requirements Tracing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plattsmier, George; Stetson, Howard

    2014-01-01

    One of the more challenging aspects of software development is the ability to verify and validate the functional software requirements dictated by the Software Requirements Specification (SRS) and the Software Detail Design (SDD). Insuring the software has achieved the intended requirements is the responsibility of the Software Quality team and the Software Test team. The utilization of Timeliner-TLX(sup TM) Auto- Procedures for relocating ground operations positions to ISS automated on-board operations has begun the transition that would be required for manned deep space missions with minimal crew requirements. This transition also moves the auto-procedures from the procedure realm into the flight software arena and as such the operational requirements and testing will be more structured and rigorous. The autoprocedures would be required to meet NASA software standards as specified in the Software Safety Standard (NASASTD- 8719), the Software Engineering Requirements (NPR 7150), the Software Assurance Standard (NASA-STD-8739) and also the Human Rating Requirements (NPR-8705). The Autonomous Fluid Transfer System (AFTS) test-bed utilizes the Timeliner-TLX(sup TM) Language for development of autonomous command and control software. The Timeliner-TLX(sup TM) system has the unique feature of providing the current line of the statement in execution during real-time execution of the software. The feature of execution line number internal reporting unlocks the capability of monitoring the execution autonomously by use of a companion Timeliner-TLX(sup TM) sequence as the line number reporting is embedded inside the Timeliner-TLX(sup TM) execution engine. This negates I/O processing of this type data as the line number status of executing sequences is built-in as a function reference. This paper will outline the design and capabilities of the AFTS Autonomous Requirements Tracker, which traces and logs SRS requirements as they are being met during real-time execution of the

  3. On real structures on rigid surfaces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kulikov, Vik S [Steklov Mathematical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences (Russian Federation); Kharlamov, V M [Institut de Recherche Matematique Avanee Universite Louis Pasteur et CNRS 7 rue Rene Descartes (France)

    2002-02-28

    We construct examples of rigid surfaces (that is, surfaces whose deformation class consists of a unique surface) with a particular behaviour with respect to real structures. In one example the surface has no real structure. In another it has a unique real structure, which is not maximal with respect to the Smith-Thom inequality. These examples give negative answers to the following problems: the existence of real surfaces in each deformation class of complex surfaces, and the existence of maximal real surfaces in every complex deformation class that contains real surfaces. Moreover, we prove that there are no real surfaces among surfaces of general type with p{sub g}=q=0 and K{sup 2}=9. These surfaces also provide new counterexamples to the 'Dif = Def' problem.

  4. 75 FR 36271 - Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Home Warranty Companies' Payments to Real Estate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-25

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT 24 CFR Part 3500 Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Home Warranty Companies' Payments to Real Estate Brokers and Agents AGENCY: Office of General Counsel, HUD. ACTION... performed by real estate brokers and agents as additional settlement services in a real estate...

  5. Towards phronetic knowledge for strategic planning in corporate real estate management: A real options approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reedt Dortland, van Maartje; Voordijk, Hans; Dewulf, Geert

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The objective of this paper is to provide insights about the potential of real option thinking for corporate real estate management (CREM) from the owner-user perspective. A promising approach to classifying and evaluating flexibility in real estate is the real options approach. Most lite

  6. 78 FR 49484 - Exchange of Air Force Real Property for Non-Air Force Real Property

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-14

    ... Department of Air Force Exchange of Air Force Real Property for Non-Air Force Real Property SUMMARY: Notice identifies excess Federal real property under administrative jurisdiction of the United States Air Force it intends to exchange for real property not currently owned by the Federal government that will be...

  7. Avrocar: a real flying saucer

    CERN Document Server

    Fedrigo, Desire Francine G; Gobato, Alekssander

    2015-01-01

    One of the most unusual military aircraft programs V / STOL was the Avro VZ-9 "Avrocar". Designed to be a real flying saucer, the Avrocar was one of the few V / STOL to be developed in complete secrecy. Despite significant changes in the design, during flight tests, the Avrocar was unable to achieve its objectives, and the program was eventually canceled after an expenditure of 10 million US dollars between 1954 and 1961. But the concept of a lift fan, driven by a turbojet engine is not dead, and lives today as a key component of Lockheed X-35 Joint Strike Fighter contender. Was held in a data research and information related to Avrocar project carried out during the Second World War, which was directly linked to advances in aircraft that were built after it, and correlate them with the turbo fan engines used today.

  8. Real-time flood forecasting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, C.; Tsay, T.-K.; Chien, C.-H.; Wu, I.-L.

    2009-01-01

    Researchers at the Hydroinformatic Research and Development Team (HIRDT) of the National Taiwan University undertook a project to create a real time flood forecasting model, with an aim to predict the current in the Tamsui River Basin. The model was designed based on deterministic approach with mathematic modeling of complex phenomenon, and specific parameter values operated to produce a discrete result. The project also devised a rainfall-stage model that relates the rate of rainfall upland directly to the change of the state of river, and is further related to another typhoon-rainfall model. The geographic information system (GIS) data, based on precise contour model of the terrain, estimate the regions that were perilous to flooding. The HIRDT, in response to the project's progress, also devoted their application of a deterministic model to unsteady flow of thermodynamics to help predict river authorities issue timely warnings and take other emergency measures.

  9. Definability in the Real Universe

    CERN Document Server

    Cooper, S Barry

    2011-01-01

    Logic has its origins in basic questions about the nature of the real world and how we describe it. This article seeks to bring out the physical and epistemological relevance of some of the more recent technical work in logic and computability theory. "If you are receptive and humble, mathematics will lead you by the hand. Again and again, when I have been at a loss how to proceed, I have just had to wait until I have felt the mathematics lead me by the hand. It has led me along an unexpected path, a path where new vistas open up, a path leading to new territory, where one can set up a base of operations, from which one can survey the surroundings and plan future progress." - Paul Dirac, 27 November, 1975. In Paul A. M. Dirac Papers, Florida State University Libraries, Tallahassee, Florida, USA, No. 2/29/17.

  10. Shopping in the Real World

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Black, Darren; Clemmensen, Nils Jakob; Skov, Mikael B.

    2009-01-01

    Shopping in the real world is becoming an increasingly interactive experience as stores integrate various technologies to support shoppers. Based on an empirical study of supermarket shoppers, we designed a mobile context-aware system called the Context- Aware Shopping Trolley (CAST). The aim...... of the system is to support shopping in supermarkets through context-awareness and acquiring user attention. Thus, the interactive trolley guides and directs shoppers in the handling and finding of groceries. An empirical evaluation showed that shoppers using CAST adapted in different shopping behavior than...... traditional trolley shoppers by exhibiting a more uniform behavior in terms of product sequence collection and ease of finding products and thus, CAST supported the shopping experience....

  11. REAL TIME DATA PROCESSING FRAMEWORKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yash Sakaria

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available On a business level, everyone wants to get hold of the business value and other organizational advantages that big data has to offer. Analytics has arisen as the primitive path to business value from big data. Hadoop is not just a storage platform for big data; it’s also a computational and processing platform for business analytics. Hadoop is, however, unsuccessful in fulfilling business requirements when it comes to live data streaming. The initial architecture of Apache Hadoop did not solve the problem of live stream data mining. In summary, the traditional approach of big data being co-relational to Hadoop is false; focus needs to be given on business value as well. Data Warehousing, Hadoop and stream processing complement each other very well. In this paper, we have tried reviewing a few frameworks and products which use real time data streaming by providing modifications to Hadoop.

  12. Hostal Aritzaiko Navarra – España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guibert Tabar, J.

    1977-11-01

    Full Text Available The building, constructed on approximately 790 square meters, is devoted to a dining room and lodging for visitors in transit and is situated in Echarri-Aranaz, next to the highway, on a clearing in the woods, It possesses an extensive ground floor and two upper levéis covering smaller areas which rise, as a side body, over one of the building's sides. The overall structure houses a bar, dining room, kitchen, management office and a total of eight double rooms and two single rooms. An important double-pitch roof, which covers the two upper floors, together with another with several pitches which with its different planes conforms to the irregular perimeter of the structure on the ground floor, give the building the distinctive characteristics of the architecture typical of the region, in this way adaptedEl edificio, de aproximadamente 790 m2 construidos, se destina a comedor y hospedaje para personas en tránsito, estando emplazado en Echarri - Aranaz, junto a la carretera, en el calvero de un bosque. Cuenta con una extensa planta baja y dos niveles superiores, de superficie más reducida, que se elevan, a modo de cuerpo lateral, sobre uno de los costados del edificio. El conjunto de la edificación distribuye los servicios de bar, comedor, cocina, administración, y un total de 8 dormitorios dobles y 2 sencillos. Una importante cubierta a dos aguas, que abarca a las dos plantas más altas, junto a otra de varias aguas, que con sus distintos planos se ajusta al perímetro irregular de la construcción en planta baja, imprimen al edificio las características propias de la arquitectura popular de la reglón, que se ve así homologada en un planteamiento arquitectónico moderno.

  13. Grupo escolar en Irurzun - Navarra - España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guibert Tabar, J.

    1978-10-01

    Full Text Available The formal characteristics of this school complex are determined by the large roofs and the angled shape of the floorplans. The first is as a consequence of the interest in achieving a unity of concept and volume, at the same time maintaining the architectural tradition of the area. Insofar as the angular shape, this is the response to the idea of obtaining ideal conditions of light in each of the classrooms. The building consists of three upper levels, ground floor and semi-basement. In the last of these are found: the gymnasium, the dressing rooms for students and the technical premises serving the school. The ground floor, where the main access is found, includes a small administrative area, the dining room and kitchen, one classroom for girls, three for pre-school children, four for boys and one multifunctional room. The rest of the floors, with the same arrangement, house eight classrooms for girls and five for boys, along with a series of auxiliary premises, such as teachers' rooms, libraries, classrooms for various uses, archives, rooms for crafts, etc. . The construction is completed with an ample sports area and recreation zone.

    Las características formales de este grupo escolar —proyectado en 1969— vienen determinadas por las grandes cubiertas y la forma dentada de las plantas. La primera de ellas es consecuencia del interés por lograr una unidad de concepto y de volumen, manteniendo, al mismo tiempo, la tradición arquitectónica de la zona. En cuanto a la forma dentada, es la respuesta a la idea de obtener unas óptimas condiciones de iluminación en cada una de las aulas. El edificio se compone de tres niveles superiores, planta baja y semisótano. En este último se hallan: el gimnasio, los vestuarios de alumnos y los locales técnicos que sirven a la escuela. La planta baja, en la que se encuentra el acceso principal, comprende una pequeña zona administrativa, el comedor con su cocina, una clase de niñas, tres de párvulos, cuatro de niños y una multifuncional. El resto de las plantas albergan, con el mismo esquema organizativo, ocho aulas de niñas y cinco de niños, junto a una serie de locales auxiliares tales como salas de profesores, bibliotecas, clases de usos varios, archivos, aulas de trabajos manuales, etc. La construcción se completa con una amplia zona deportiva y de recreo.

  14. Clinical virology in real time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niesters, Hubert G M

    2002-12-01

    The ability to detect nucleic acids has had and still has a major impact on diagnostics in clinical virology. Both quantitative and qualitative techniques, whether signal or target amplification based systems, are currently used routinely in most if not all virology laboratories. Technological improvements, from automated sample isolation to real time amplification technology, have given the ability to develop and introduce systems for most viruses of clinical interest, and to obtain clinical relevant information needed for optimal antiviral treatment options. Both polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (NASBA) can currently be used together with real time detection to generate results in a short turn-around time and to determine whether variants relevant for antiviral resistance are present. These new technologies enable the introduction of an individual patient disease management concept. Within our clinical setting, we have introduced this e.g. for quantitative detection of Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) in T-dell depleted allogeneic stem cell transplant patients. This enabled us to develop models for pre-emptive anti B-cell immunotherapy for EBV reactivation, thereby effectively reducing not the incidence of EBV-lymphoproliferative disease but the virus related mortality. Furthermore, additional clinically relevant viruses can now easily be detected simultaneously. It also becomes more feasible to introduce molecular testing for those viruses that can easily be detected using classical virological methods, like culture techniques or antigen detection. Prospective studies are needed to evaluate the clinical importance of the additional positive samples detected. It should however be made clear that a complete exchange of technologies is unlikely to occur, and that some complementary technologies should stay operational enabling the discovery of new viruses. The implementation of these molecular diagnostic technologies furthermore

  15. Real Gromov-Witten Theory in All Genera and Real Enumerative Geometry: Computation

    CERN Document Server

    Georgieva, Penka

    2015-01-01

    The first part of this work constructs real positive-genus Gromov-Witten invariants of real-orientable symplectic manifolds of odd "complex" dimensions; the second part studies the orientations on the moduli spaces of real maps used in constructing these invariants. The present paper applies the results of the latter to obtain quantitative and qualitative conclusions about the invariants defined in the former. After describing large collections of real-orientable symplectic manifolds, we show that the real genus 1 Gromov-Witten invariants of sufficiently positive almost Kahler threefolds are signed counts of real genus 1 curves only and thus provide direct lower bounds for the counts of these curves in such targets. We specify real orientations on the real-orientable complete intersections in projective spaces; the real Gromov-Witten invariants they determine are in a sense canonically determined by the complete intersection itself, (at least) in most cases. We also obtain equivariant localization data that c...

  16. Real meromorphic functions and linear differential polynomials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LANGLEY; J.; K.

    2010-01-01

    We determine all real meromorphic functions f in the plane such that f has finitely many zeros, the poles of f have bounded multiplicities, and f and F have finitely many non-real zeros, where F is a linear differential polynomial given by F = f (k) +Σk-1j=0ajf(j) , in which k≥2 and the coefficients aj are real numbers with a0≠0.

  17. Quantum Mechanics interpreted in Quantum Real Numbers

    CERN Document Server

    Corbett, J V; Corbett, John V; Durt, Thomas

    2002-01-01

    The concept of number is fundamental to the formulation of any physical theory. We give a heuristic motivation for the reformulation of Quantum Mechanics in terms of non-standard real numbers called Quantum Real Numbers. The standard axioms of quantum mechanics are re-interpreted. Our aim is to show that, when formulated in the language of quantum real numbers, the laws of quantum mechanics appear more natural, less counterintuitive than when they are presented in terms of standard numbers.

  18. Space Weather and Real-Time Monitoring

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Recent advance of information and communications technology enables to collect a large amount of ground-based and space-based observation data in real-time. The real-time data realize nowcast of space weather. This paper reports a history of space weather by the International Space Environment Service (ISES) in association with the International Geophysical Year (IGY) and importance of real-time monitoring in space weather.

  19. Complex solitons with real energies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cen, Julia; Fring, Andreas

    2016-09-01

    Using Hirota’s direct method and Bäcklund transformations we construct explicit complex one and two-soliton solutions to the complex Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation, the complex modified KdV (mKdV) equation and the complex sine-Gordon equation. The one-soliton solutions of trigonometric and elliptic type turn out to be { P }{ T }-symmetric when a constant of integration is chosen to be purely imaginary with one special choice corresponding to solutions recently found by Khare and Saxena. We show that alternatively complex { P }{ T }-symmetric solutions to the KdV equation may also be constructed alternatively from real solutions to the mKdV by means of Miura transformations. The multi-soliton solutions obtained from Hirota’s method break the { P }{ T }-symmetric, whereas those obtained from Bäcklund transformations are { P }{ T }-invariant under certain conditions. Despite the fact that some of the Hamiltonian densities are non-Hermitian, the total energy is found to be positive in all cases, that is irrespective of whether they are { P }{ T }-symmetric or not. The reason is that the symmetry can be restored by suitable shifts in space-time and the fact that any of our N-soliton solutions may be decomposed into N separate { P }{ T }-symmetrizable one-soliton solutions.

  20. New Value: Keeping It Real

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Chamberlain

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Many parts of the world now swim in a sea of complex products that do not necessarily improve the overall quality of our lives. From cell phones to baby strollers, we have overloaded our designed environment with hyper-functional products that often leave us searching for simpler, straighter forward product offerings. In a product landscape that more often than not equates complexity with sophistication; our ever-increasingly complex modern society has allowed faux conveniences to outweigh the tangible realness of our experiences. The look and feel of products has often become complex and complicated – and this is often highlighted as a positive thing. We are less likely to encounter simple, intuitive, and usable products geared toward the individual. To avoid this trap, one would need to apply a filter that would govern the intake of certain products to only those that are seen as adding true value to our lives. It is necessary to appeal to people’s emotions, and carry cultural richness and authenticity back to the forefront while embracing the power of cur-rent and future technologies. Design has tremendous power and the versatility necessary to bring about this positive change.

  1. Mobile real time radiography system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vigil, J.; Taggart, D.; Betts, S. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)] [and others

    1997-11-01

    A 450-keV Mobile Real Time Radiography (RTR) System was delivered to Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in January 1996. It was purchased to inspect containers of radioactive waste produced at (LANL). Since its delivery it has been used to radiograph more than 600 drums of radioactive waste at various LANL sites. It has the capability of inspecting waste containers of various sizes from <1-gal. buckets up to standard waste boxes (SWB, dimensions 54.5 in. x 71 in. x 37 in.). It has three independent x-ray acquisition formats. The primary system used is a 12- in. image intensifier, the second is a 36-in. linear diode array (LDA) and the last is an open system. It is fully self contained with on board generator, HVAC, and a fire suppression system. It is on a 53-ft long x 8-ft. wide x 14-ft. high trailer that can be moved over any highway requiring only an easily obtainable overweight permit because it weights {approximately}38 tons. It was built to conform to industry standards for a cabinet system which does not require an exclusion zone. The fact that this unit is mobile has allowed us to operate where the waste is stored, rather than having to move the waste to a fixed facility.

  2. Real-time Pricing in Power Markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boom, Anette; Schwenen, Sebastian

    We examine welfare eects of real-time pricing in electricity markets. Before stochastic energy demand is known, competitive retailers contract with nal consumers who exogenously do not have real-time meters. After demand is realized, two electricity generators compete in a uniform price auction...... to satisfy demand from retailers acting on behalf of subscribed customers and from consumers with real-time meters. Increasing the number of consumers on real-time pricing does not always increase welfare since risk-averse consumers dislike uncertain and high prices arising through market power...

  3. Real-time Pricing in Power Markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boom, Anette; Schwenen, Sebastian

    We examine welfare e ects of real-time pricing in electricity markets. Before stochastic energy demand is known, competitive retailers contract with nal consumers who exogenously do not have real-time meters. After demand is realized, two electricity generators compete in a uniform price auction...... to satisfy demand from retailers acting on behalf of subscribed customers and from consumers with real-time meters. Increasing the number of consumers on real-time pricing does not always increase welfare since risk-averse consumers dislike uncertain and high prices arising through market power...

  4. Real-time graphics rendering engine

    CERN Document Server

    Bao, Hujun

    2011-01-01

    ""Real-Time Graphics Rendering Engine"" reveals the software architecture of the modern real-time 3D graphics rendering engine and the relevant technologies based on the authors' experience developing this high-performance, real-time system. The relevant knowledge about real-time graphics rendering such as the rendering pipeline, the visual appearance and shading and lighting models are also introduced. This book is intended to offer well-founded guidance for researchers and developers who are interested in building their own rendering engines. Hujun Bao is a professor at the State Key Lab of

  5. Research in Distributed Real-Time Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukkamala, R.

    1997-01-01

    This document summarizes the progress we have made on our study of issues concerning the schedulability of real-time systems. Our study has produced several results in the scalability issues of distributed real-time systems. In particular, we have used our techniques to resolve schedulability issues in distributed systems with end-to-end requirements. During the next year (1997-98), we propose to extend the current work to address the modeling and workload characterization issues in distributed real-time systems. In particular, we propose to investigate the effect of different workload models and component models on the design and the subsequent performance of distributed real-time systems.

  6. Fresh Air in Real Estate Policies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Yan

    2008-01-01

    @@ Recently, due to the international financial crisis, the decline in domestic economic growth and in the real estate market, the central and local governments have issued a series of policies and measures designed to stimulate the real estate industry. On the one hand, the central government starts stimulating the real estate market by tax relief, relaxation of credit and security housing construction. On the other hand, with the support of the central government, more and more local governments have implemented their own new real estate policies in order to promote the recovery of the local market.

  7. Accounting costs of transactions in real estate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stubkjær, Erik

    2005-01-01

    The costs of transactions in real estate is of importance for households, for investors, for statistical services, for governmental and international bodies concerned with the efficient delivery of basic state functions, as well as for research. The paper takes a multi-disciplinary approach...... in relating theoretical conceptualizations of transaction costs to national accounting and further to the identification and quantification of actions on units of real estate. The notion of satellite accounting of the System of National Accounts is applied to the segment of society concerned with changes...... in real estate. The paper ends up with an estimate of the cost of a major real property transaction in Denmark....

  8. Cosmic Disasters, Real and Imagined

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Alan W.

    2010-05-01

    Since ancient times, humans have looked to the skies for explanations of past tragedies and predictions of the future. Indeed the very word "disaster” means "bad star". Although most such myths and forecasts are purely imaginary, we have, in more recent times, identified real cosmic impact events in the past and we have developed the necessary tools to discover and predict them in the near-term future. We dynamical astronomers, the direct descendants of ancient astrologers, have at last gained the tools to actually deliver on at least some of the promises of ancient astrologers, to predict "Armageddon” before it arrives. Nevertheless, we still carry some baggage of mythos, ancient disasters blamed on impacts that never happened, and obsessions over impacts of such incredible improbability that we would better worry about other things. In this talk I will review our present state of knowledge of what is out there that might hit us and with what frequency, the estimated consequences of impacts of all sizes, and from these derive an "actuarial” impact risk assessment. I will present the "intrinsic risk", before any Earth-approaching asteroids were discovered; where we are now with the present level of survey completeness; and where future surveys should take us. I will put this in the context of risk levels from other natural, and un-natural, hazards. I will close with a brief discussion of a claimed impact that almost certainly did not happen, relating to the extinction of megafauna in North America 12,900 years ago. The mythos underlying this claim may provide an object lesson on the present day "street fight” over the reality of global warming.

  9. Real Plates and Dubious Microplates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kogan, M. G.; Steblov, G. M.

    2008-12-01

    From the onset of plate tectonics, the existence of most of the plates was never put in doubt, although the boundaries of some plates, like Africa, were later revised. There are however, two microplates in northeast Asia, the Amurian and Okhotsk, whose existence and the sense of rotation was revised several times. The rms value of plate-residual GPS velocities is 0.5-0.9 mm/a for sets of stations representing the motion of the following plates: Antarctic, Australian, Eurasian, North American, Nubian, Pacific, and South American. This value can be regarded as an upper bound on deviation of real plates from infinite stiffness. The rms value of plate-residual GPS velocities is 1.2-1.8 mm/a for the Indian, Nazca, and Somalian plates. Higher rms values for India and Nazca are attributed to the noisier data. The higher rms value for Somalia appears to arise from the distributed deformation to the east of the East African Rift; whether this statement is true can only be decided from observations of denser network in the future. From the analysis of plate-residual GPS velocities, the Canadian Arctic and northeastern Siberia belong to the North American plate. The detailed GPS survey on Sakhalin Island shows that the Sea of Okhotsk region also belongs to the North American plate while the region to the west of it belongs to the Eurasian plate. These results provide a constraint on the geometry of the North American plate and put in doubt the existence of smaller plates in northeast Asia.

  10. 12 CFR 541.21 - Nonresidential real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nonresidential real estate. 541.21 Section 541... REGULATIONS AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.21 Nonresidential real estate. The terms nonresidential real estate or nonresidential real property mean real estate that is not residential real...

  11. Real time estimates of GDP growth

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Groot, de E.A. (Bert); Franses, P.H.P.H.

    2005-01-01

    This paper describes the components of the EICIE, the Econometric Institute Current Indicator of the Economy. This measure concerns quarterly and annual growth of Dutch real Gross Domestic Product. The key component of our real-time forecasting model for Dutch quarterly GDP is weekly staffing servic

  12. Real-time communication protocols: an overview

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hanssen, Ferdy; Jansen, Pierre G.

    2003-01-01

    This paper describes several existing data link layer protocols that provide real-time capabilities on wired networks, focusing on token-ring and Carrier Sense Multiple Access based networks. Existing modifications to provide better real-time capabilities and performance are also described. Finally

  13. Real-time communication protocols: an overview

    OpenAIRE

    Hanssen, Ferdy; Jansen, Pierre G.

    2003-01-01

    This paper describes several existing data link layer protocols that provide real-time capabilities on wired networks, focusing on token-ring and Carrier Sense Multiple Access based networks. Existing modifications to provide better real-time capabilities and performance are also described. Finally the pros and cons regarding the At-Home Anywhere project are discussed.

  14. Validation of RNAi by real time PCR

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Josefsen, Knud; Lee, Ying Chiu

    2011-01-01

    Real time PCR is the analytic tool of choice for quantification of gene expression, while RNAi is concerned with downregulation of gene expression. Together, they constitute a powerful approach in any loss of function studies of selective genes. We illustrate here the use of real time PCR to veri...

  15. Real time estimates of GDP growth

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E.A. de Groot (Bert); Ph.H.B.F. Franses (Philip Hans)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractThis paper describes the components of the EICIE, the Econometric Institute Current Indicator of the Economy. This measure concerns quarterly and annual growth of Dutch real Gross Domestic Product. The key component of our real-time forecasting model for Dutch quarterly GDP is weekly sta

  16. Scene independent real-time indirect illumination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frisvad, Jeppe Revall; Christensen, Niels Jørgen; Falster, Peter

    2005-01-01

    A novel method for real-time simulation of indirect illumination is presented in this paper. The method, which we call Direct Radiance Mapping (DRM), is based on basal radiance calculations and does not impose any restrictions on scene geometry or dynamics. This makes the method tractable for real...

  17. RealOne Player小技巧

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王珺

    2004-01-01

    1、让广告销声匿迹。当我们打开RealOne Player时,总会弹出一个广告窗口,如果你厌烦它的话,就打开c:\\Program Files\\CommonFiles\\Real\\Up-date_OB目录,删除里面的Realsched.exe文件。

  18. El tesoro como objeto de derechos reales

    OpenAIRE

    Montes Bru, Rafael

    1989-01-01

    Posibilidad de constituir sobre el tesoro un derecho real independiente del bien que lo contiene. Bien sea un derecho real at??pico o una servidumbre personal de acuerdo con el numerus apertus que impera en nuestro derecho y del principio de autonom??a de la voluntad. As?? como otras materias relacionadas con el tesoro.

  19. Real Moments of the Restrictive Factor

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Andrew Ledoan; Alexandru Zaharescu

    2009-09-01

    Let be a real number such that 0 < < 1. We establish asymptotic formulas for the weighted real moments $\\sum_{n≤ x}R^(n)(1-n/x)$, where $R(n)=\\prod^k_{v=1}p^{ v-1}_v$ is the Atanassov strong restrictive factor function and $n=\\prod^k_{v=1}p^{ v}_v$ is the prime factorization of .

  20. Real Hypersurfaces of a Complex Space Form

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Sharief Deshmukh

    2012-11-01

    In this paper we are interested in obtaining a condition under which a compact real hypersurface of a complex projective space $CP^n$ is a geodesic sphere. We also study the question as to whether the characteristic vector field of a real hypersurface of the complex projective space $CP^n$ is harmonic, and show that the answer is in negative.

  1. Commercial real estate analysis and investments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geltner, D.; Miller, N.; Clayton, J.; Eichholtz, P.M.A.

    2013-01-01

    The well-known and respected authorship team of Geltner and Miller bring you a new edition of what has become the undisputed and authoritative resource on commercial real estate investment. Streamlined and completely updated with expanded coverage of corporate and international real estate investmen

  2. Matlab Code for Sorted Real Schur Forms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brandts, J.H.

    2001-01-01

    In Matlab, there exists a standard command to generate a real Schur form, and another command transforms a real Schur form into a complex one. In Golub and Van Loan (1996), a Matlab-like routine is sketched that sorts a complex Schur form: given a target value ? in the complex plane, the diagonal el

  3. 15 CFR 806.8 - Real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate. 806.8 Section 806.8 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) BUREAU OF ECONOMIC ANALYSIS, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE DIRECT INVESTMENT SURVEYS § 806.8 Real estate. Residential...

  4. Storm real-time processing cookbook

    CERN Document Server

    Anderson, Quinton

    2013-01-01

    A Cookbook with plenty of practical recipes for different uses of Storm.If you are a Java developer with basic knowledge of real-time processing and would like to learn Storm to process unbounded streams of data in real time, then this book is for you.

  5. Reflections on "Real-World" Community Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolff, Tom; Swift, Carolyn

    2008-01-01

    Reflections on the history of real-world (applied) community psychologists trace their participation in the field's official guild, the Society for Community Research and Action (SCRA), beginning with the Swampscott Conference in 1965 through the current date. Four benchmarks are examined. The issues these real-world psychologists bring to the…

  6. Real-time Pricing in Power Markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boom, Anette; Schwenen, Sebastian

    to satisfy demand from retailers acting on behalf of subscribed customers and from consumers with real-time meters. Increasing the number of consumers on real-time pricing does not always increase welfare since risk-averse consumers dislike uncertain and high prices arising through market power...

  7. Interactive Real-time Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brix, Lau

    Real-time acquisition, reconstruction and interactively changing the slice position using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have been possible for years. However, the current clinical use of interactive real-time MRI is limited due to an inherent low spatial and temporal resolution. This PhD proje...

  8. 34 CFR 74.32 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Real property. 74.32 Section 74.32 Education Office of... HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Property Standards § 74.32 Real property. The Secretary prescribes requirements for recipients concerning the use...

  9. 36 CFR 1207.31 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Real property. 1207.31 Section 1207.31 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION GENERAL... GOVERNMENTS Post-Award Requirements Changes, Property, and Subawards § 1207.31 Real property. (a)...

  10. 45 CFR 1174.31 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Real property. 1174.31 Section 1174.31 Public... COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Post-Award Requirements Changes, Property, and Subawards § 1174.31 Real property. (a) Title. Subject to the obligations and conditions set forth in this...

  11. 21 CFR 1403.31 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real property. 1403.31 Section 1403.31 Food and... COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Post-Award Requirements Changes, Property, and Subawards § 1403.31 Real property. (a) Title. Subject to the obligations and conditions set forth in this...

  12. 45 CFR 1183.31 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Real property. 1183.31 Section 1183.31 Public... COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Post-Award Requirements Changes, Property, and Subawards § 1183.31 Real property. (a) Title. Subject to the obligations and conditions set forth in this...

  13. 45 CFR 1157.31 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Real property. 1157.31 Section 1157.31 Public... AGREEMENTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Post-Award Requirements Changes, Property, and Subawards § 1157.31 Real property. (a) Title. Subject to the obligations and conditions set forth in this section, title...

  14. 34 CFR 80.31 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Real property. 80.31 Section 80.31 Education Office of... AGREEMENTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Post-Award Requirements Changes, Property, and Subawards § 80.31 Real property. (a) Title. Subject to the obligations and conditions set forth in this section, title...

  15. Multiprocessor scheduling for real-time systems

    CERN Document Server

    Baruah, Sanjoy; Buttazzo, Giorgio

    2015-01-01

    This book provides a comprehensive overview of both theoretical and pragmatic aspects of resource-allocation and scheduling in multiprocessor and multicore hard-real-time systems.  The authors derive new, abstract models of real-time tasks that capture accurately the salient features of real application systems that are to be implemented on multiprocessor platforms, and identify rules for mapping application systems onto the most appropriate models.  New run-time multiprocessor scheduling algorithms are presented, which are demonstrably better than those currently used, both in terms of run-time efficiency and tractability of off-line analysis.  Readers will benefit from a new design and analysis framework for multiprocessor real-time systems, which will translate into a significantly enhanced ability to provide formally verified, safety-critical real-time systems at a significantly lower cost.

  16. Análisis de los casos de cáncer de pulmón diagnosticados en el Servicio de Medicina Interna del Hospital de Navarra: enero de 2001 a septiembre de 2006 Analysis of lung cancer cases diagnosed in an Internal Medicine Department: from January 2001 to September 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Fernández

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos. Conocer el tiempo de existencia de clínica previa al diagnóstico del cáncer de pulmón, tipo de manifestaciones, características clínicas, radiológicas e histológicas de los distintos tipos de tumores y analizar los factores que pueden influir en la supervivencia. Material y métodos. Estudio retrospectivo de todos los pacientes diagnosticados de cáncer de pulmón en el Servicio de Medicina Interna del Hospital de Navarra en el periodo de enero 2001 a septiembre de 2006 mediante revisión de historias clínicas y contacto telefónico cuando fue necesario. Se recogieron específicamente la edad, el sexo, el consumo de tabaco, el tiempo y la clase de síntomas antes de la hospitalización, las manifestaciones radiológicas, los métodos de diagnóstico histológico, el estadio tumoral, y el estado de capacidad funcional (ECOG. También analizamos las curvas de supervivencia y, mediante regresión logística, los factores implicados. Resultados. Se estudiaron 124 pacientes [edad media de 68 ±12 años, 105 (85% hombres y 18 (15% mujeres, fumadores 85%]. El tiempo medio de clínica previa al ingreso fue de 74,5 ±7 días. La clínica de presentación de tipo respiratorio estuvo presente sólo en 40 (32% ocasiones. Se realizó estadiaje por métodos radiológicos en 120 (96,8% de los pacientes. Se diagnosticaron 96 (77,4% tumores no microcíticos, de los cuales 62 (64% estaban en estadio IV. De los 28 (22,6% tumores microcíticos objetivados, 22 (79% se encontraban en estadio no limitado. La mediana de tiempo hasta el diagnóstico fue de 7 días. Fallecieron 113 pacientes (91%, subiendo la mediana de supervivencia a tres meses. Los factores asociados a supervivencia más larga fueron el estadio tumoral poco avanzado y la clasificación ECOG más baja. Conclusiones. El cáncer de pulmón es una patología con alta tasa de mortalidad, que tarda mucho tiempo en diagnosticarse y suele hacerse cuando ya está en estadios avanzados. La

  17. The ALMA Real Time Control System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kern, Jeffrey S.; Juerges, Thomas A.; Marson, Ralph G.

    2009-01-01

    The Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) is a revolutionary millimeter and submillimeter array being developed on the Atacama plateau of northern Chile. An international partnership lead by NRAO, ESO, and NAOJ this powerful and flexible telescope will provide unprecedented observations of this relatively unexplored frequency range. The control subsystem for the Atacama Large Millimeter Array must coordinate the monitor and control of at least sixty six antennas (in four different styles), two correlators, and all of the ancillary equipment (samplers, local oscillators, front ends, etc.). This equipment will be spread over tens of kilometers and operated remotely. Operation of the array requires a robust, scalable, and maintainable real time control system. The real time control system is responsible for monitoring and control of any devices where there are fixed deadlines. Examples in the ALMA context are antenna pointing and fringe tracking. Traditionally the real time portion of a large software system is an intricate and error prone portion of the software. As a result the real time portion is very expensive in terms of effort expended both during construction and during maintenance phases of a project. The ALMA real time control system uses a Linux based real time operating system to interact with the hardware and the CORBA based ALMA Common Software to communicate in the distributed computing environment. Mixing the requirements of real time computing and the non-deterministic CORBA middleware has produced an interesting design. We discuss the architecture, design, and implementation of the ALMA real time control system. Highlight some lessons learned along the way, and justify our assertion that this should be the last large scale real time control system in radio astronomy.

  18. Real time detecting system for turning force

    CERN Document Server

    Yue Xiao Bin

    2001-01-01

    How to get the real-time value of forces dropped on the tool in the course of processing by piezoelectric sensors is introduced. First, the analog signals of the cutting force were achieved by these sensors, amplified and transferred into digital signals by A/D transferring card. Then real-time software reads the information, put it into its own coordinate, drew the curve of forces, displayed it on the screen by the real time and saved it for the technicians to analyze the situation of the tool. So the cutting parameter can be optimized to improve surface quality of the pieces

  19. Real-time medical applications and telecommunications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stravs, M

    1999-01-01

    Telecommunications play an important role in telemedicine. Many forms of telecommunication services based on different telecommunication technologies are developed for various needs. The paper deals with complex real-time applications which demand high telecommunication requirements. At the beginning, medical applications are categorised and real-time applications qualified as multimedia applications. Requirements for multimedia elements are listed separately. Later on, short introduction of related telecommunication protocols is given. Real-time medical applications can show their ability in case of guaranteed quality of services delivered by telecommunication network as it is explained in the end.

  20. The homogeneous geometries of real hyperbolic space

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Castrillón López, Marco; Gadea, Pedro Martínez; Swann, Andrew Francis

    We describe the holonomy algebras of all canonical connections of homogeneous structures on real hyperbolic spaces in all dimensions. The structural results obtained then lead to a determination of the types, in the sense of Tricerri and Vanhecke, of the corresponding homogeneous tensors. We use ...... our analysis to show that the moduli space of homogeneous structures on real hyperbolic space has two connected components.......We describe the holonomy algebras of all canonical connections of homogeneous structures on real hyperbolic spaces in all dimensions. The structural results obtained then lead to a determination of the types, in the sense of Tricerri and Vanhecke, of the corresponding homogeneous tensors. We use...

  1. The Cluster Enterprise of Real Property Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stubkjær, Erik

    2008-01-01

    In order to apply the potential of available web technology, business processes must be described in a coherent way across organizational boundaries. Business processes include geographical data in the context of constructions, as well as environmental affairs and real property transactions, among...... others. The paper regards the domain of real property transactions. Drawing on research of European scope, it analyzes the framework of business processes in order to facilitate adoption of service oriented architectures. The paper motivates the notion of a ‘cluster enterprise' and identifies further...... steps towards a standardization of real estate business....

  2. Universidades virtuales: ¿aprendizaje real?

    OpenAIRE

    Valenzuela González, Jaime Ricardo

    2015-01-01

    1. Introducción; 2. Modalidades educativas; 3. Concepto y características de las universidades virtuales; 4. Un modelo de universidad virtual; 5. Universidades virtuales ¿aprendizaje real?; 6. Tensiones de las universidades virtuales; 7. Referencias

  3. Studying real-world perceptual expertise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Jianhong; Mack, Michael L; Palmeri, Thomas J

    2014-01-01

    Significant insights into visual cognition have come from studying real-world perceptual expertise. Many have previously reviewed empirical findings and theoretical developments from this work. Here we instead provide a brief perspective on approaches, considerations, and challenges to studying real-world perceptual expertise. We discuss factors like choosing to use real-world versus artificial object domains of expertise, selecting a target domain of real-world perceptual expertise, recruiting experts, evaluating their level of expertise, and experimentally testing experts in the lab and online. Throughout our perspective, we highlight expert birding (also called birdwatching) as an example, as it has been used as a target domain for over two decades in the perceptual expertise literature.

  4. Real Time Study and Related Variables

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Xiao-qing

    2016-01-01

    This paper first, illustrates the advantages of applying real time study to linguistic researches. Second, this paper also compares linguistic variables with linguistic variant; nasality, stronger constraint and weaker constraint have been clearly de-fined as well.

  5. Real Property Project Tracking System (RPPTS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — The Real Property Project Tracking System (RPPTS), formerly known as the Lease/Project Tracking (LEASE) database, contains information about lease and land projects...

  6. Visualization in Real-Time Experiment Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The objective of this project will be to migrate some of the outputs from the WFF Mission Planning Lab (MPL) into a real-time visualization system.  The MPL is...

  7. The multiple reals of workplace learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kerry Harman

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The multiple reals of workplace learning are explored in this paper. Drawing on a Foucauldian conceptualisation of power as distributed, relational and productive, networks that work to produce particular objects and subjects as seemingly natural and real are examined. This approach enables different reals of workplace learning to be traced. Data from a collaborative industry-university research project is used to illustrate the approach, with a focus on the intersecting practices of a group of professional developers and a group of workplace learning researchers. The notion of multiple reals holds promise for research on workplace learning as it moves beyond a view of reality as fixed and singular to a notion of reality as performed in and through a diversity of practices, including the practices of workplace learning researchers.

  8. Creating Real-Time Embodied Autonomous Agents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    @@ A challenging research area for computer graphics and virtual environments (VE) is training interpersonal interactions. In such a system, at least one person is the VE participant, while several more virtual human agents (represented by human-like, embodied models) are engaged in activities in the same virtual space. The participants, whether live or virtual, should interact as if all were real. This means that the virtual agents must have several characteristics afforded to real people, including the following:

  9. Scala for Real-Time Systems?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schoeberl, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Java served well as a general-purpose language. However, during its two decades of constant change it has gotten some weight and legacy in the language syntax and the libraries. Furthermore, Java's success for real-time systems is mediocre. Scala is a modern object-oriented and functional language...... with interesting new features. Although a new language, it executes on a Java virtual machine, reusing that technology. This paper explores Scala as language for future real-time systems....

  10. Face Recognition in Real-world Images

    OpenAIRE

    Fontaine, Xavier; Achanta, Radhakrishna; Süsstrunk, Sabine

    2017-01-01

    Face recognition systems are designed to handle well-aligned images captured under controlled situations. However real-world images present varying orientations, expressions, and illumination conditions. Traditional face recognition algorithms perform poorly on such images. In this paper we present a method for face recognition adapted to real-world conditions that can be trained using very few training examples and is computationally efficient. Our method consists of performing a novel align...

  11. Real variables with basic metric space topology

    CERN Document Server

    Ash, Robert B

    2009-01-01

    Designed for a first course in real variables, this text presents the fundamentals for more advanced mathematical work, particularly in the areas of complex variables, measure theory, differential equations, functional analysis, and probability. Geared toward advanced undergraduate and graduate students of mathematics, it is also appropriate for students of engineering, physics, and economics who seek an understanding of real analysis.The author encourages an intuitive approach to problem solving and offers concrete examples, diagrams, and geometric or physical interpretations of results. Deta

  12. Real-Time Sensor-Actuator Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Sastry, Shivakumar; S. S. Iyengar

    2005-01-01

    Emerging technologies offer new paradigms for computation, control, collaboration, and communication. To realize the full potential of these technologies in industry, defense, and homeland security applications, it is necessary to exploit the real-time distributed computing capabilities of sensor-actuator networks. To reliably design and develop such networks, it is necessary to develop deeper insight into the underlying model for real-time computation and the infrastructure at the node level...

  13. Real Time Information Fusion in Military Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Bhagiratharao

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available With the proliferation of sensors on platforms like battle ships and aircraft, the information to be handled by the battlefield commanders has significantly increased in the recent time. From a deluge of information flowing from sensors, the battlefield commander is required to make situation assessment in real-time and take appropriate action. Recent studies by cognitive scientists have indicated that decision making by individuals as well as a team suffer from several biases. For these two reasons, the battlefield commanders need assistance of real-time information fusion systems to take objective assessment of highly dynamic battle situation in real-time information fusion systems to take objective assessment of a highly dynamic battle situation in real-time. The real-time information fusion systems at a single platform level as well as that applicable for geographically distributed platforms is discussed in detail in this paper. It was concluded that by carrying out these activities at the platform level as well as at 'global' level involving several platforms, the limitations in performance of any sensor due to propagation effects or due to enemy counter measures can be significantly minimised or totally eliminated. At the same time the functional effectiveness of each sensor onboard different platforms, becomes better than when it had to operate autonomously within the real-time information fusion facility. By carrying out global real-time information fusion activity in a theatre of war, all the platforms operating in the area will have the benefit of the best sensor in that area on each aspect of the capability. A few examples of real-time information fusion system are also discussed.

  14. On the curvature of the real amoeba

    CERN Document Server

    Passare, Mikael

    2011-01-01

    For a real smooth algebraic curve $A \\subset (\\mathhbb{C}^*)^2$, the amoeba $\\mathcal{A} \\subset \\mathbb{R}^2$ is the image of $A$ under the map Log : $(x,y) \\mapsto (\\log |x|, \\log | y |)$. We describe an universal bound for the total curvature of the real amoeba $\\mathcal{A}_{\\mathbb{R} A}$ and we prove that this bound is reached if and only if the curve $A$ is a simple Harnack curve in the sense of Mikhalkin.

  15. A basic course in real analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Kumar, Ajit

    2014-01-01

    Real Number SystemAlgebra of the Real Number System Upper and Lower Bounds LUB Property and Its Applications Absolute Value and Triangle Inequality Sequences and Their Convergence Sequences and Their Convergence Cauchy Sequences Monotone Sequences Sandwich Lemma Some Important Limits Sequences Diverging to Subsequences Sequences Defined Recursively Continuity Continuous Functions Definition of Continuity Intermediate Value Theorem .Extreme Value Theorem Monotone Functions Limits Uniform Continuity Continuous Extensions Differentiation Differentiability of Functions Mean Value Theorems L'Hospit

  16. DO WE HAVE REAL ESTATE FOAMS?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Prop: "The Real Estate industry in Beijing has dept and average 16.3% lever of growth overthe past 5years.Additionally,the investment in real estatemakes up more than 60% of hte annual investment in nonliquid had increased by 9.8%.From the time when Beijinwas chosen to hold hte 2008 Olympic Games,the housingprice ing Beijing has doubled;however,the volume of busimess has already decreased.

  17. Real Hypersurfaces of a Complex Projective Space

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Sharief Deshmukh

    2011-05-01

    In this paper, we classify real hypersurfaces in the complex projective space $CP\\frac{n+1}{2}$ whose structure vector field is a -analytic vector field (a notion similar to analytic vector fields on complex manifolds). We also define Jacobi-type vector fields on a Riemannian manifold and classify real hypersurfaces whose structure vector field is a Jacobi-type vector field.

  18. The LAA real-time benchmarks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Block, R.K.; Krischer, W.; Lone, S. [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)

    1989-04-01

    In the context of the LAA detector development program a subgroup Real Time Data Processing has tackled the problem of intelligent triggering. The main goal of this group is to show how fast digital devices, implemented as custom-made or commercial processors, can execute some basic algorithms, and how they can be embedded in the data flow between detector readout components and fully programmable commercial processors, which are expected to be the final data processing filter in real time.

  19. Ethics in real estate practice: Education matters

    OpenAIRE

    Gethin Edwards; Gaye Pottinger

    2012-01-01

    The economic downturn has exposed pressure on real estate practices to cut corners and brought an increased focus on standards of competence and regulation. Todayís real estate graduates emerge into a highly competitive and difficult jobs market. Their first job can be all important, not only to the continuing development of their professional competence, but also to reinforcing their ethical stance and outlook that can determine success throughout the rest of their career. This is a main fin...

  20. Analysis of real-time vibration data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safak, E.

    2005-01-01

    In recent years, a few structures have been instrumented to provide continuous vibration data in real time, recording not only large-amplitude motions generated by extreme loads, but also small-amplitude motions generated by ambient loads. The main objective in continuous recording is to track any changes in structural characteristics, and to detect damage after an extreme event, such as an earthquake or explosion. The Fourier-based spectral analysis methods have been the primary tool to analyze vibration data from structures. In general, such methods do not work well for real-time data, because real-time data are mainly composed of ambient vibrations with very low amplitudes and signal-to-noise ratios. The long duration, linearity, and the stationarity of ambient data, however, allow us to utilize statistical signal processing tools, which can compensate for the adverse effects of low amplitudes and high noise. The analysis of real-time data requires tools and techniques that can be applied in real-time; i.e., data are processed and analyzed while being acquired. This paper presents some of the basic tools and techniques for processing and analyzing real-time vibration data. The topics discussed include utilization of running time windows, tracking mean and mean-square values, filtering, system identification, and damage detection.

  1. The real relationship in psychotherapy supervision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watkins, C Edward

    2011-01-01

    While the real relationship has long been addressed in psychoanalysis and psychotherapy, the matter of the real relationship in psychotherapy supervision has yet to receive any attention. Ample supervisory focus has indeed been given to the working alliance and transference-countertransference configuration (including parallel processes), but after a century of psychotherapy supervision, any mention whatsoever of real relationship phenomena is absent. In this paper, the following hypotheses are proposed: The real relationship (1) is a crucial component of the supervision relationship that has transtheoretical implications; (2) exists from the moment supervision begins until its end; (3) is the forever silent yet forever substantive contributor to supervisory process and outcome; (4) exerts a significant impact on (a) the development and establishment of the supervisory working alliance and (b) the unfolding and eventual utilization of the transference-countertransference experience in the supervisory situation; (5) consists of at least two dimensions in supervision--realism and genuineness--that vary along valence and magnitude continua (building on the works of Greenson and Gelso), and (6) deserves a place of eminence equal to the working alliance and transference-countertransference configuration if supervision theory, practice, and research are to be most fully informed. The possibility of using recent real relationship research in psychotherapy as a prototype to inform future research in supervision is presented, and two case examples are provided to illustrate the seeming power of real relationship phenomena in psychotherapy supervision.

  2. 33 CFR 211.1 - Real estate defined.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Real estate defined. 211.1... DEFENSE REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS IN CONNECTION WITH CIVIL WORKS PROJECTS Real Estate; General § 211.1 Real estate defined. The term real estate as used in this part includes...

  3. TRERC-TEA [Texas Real Estate Research Center-Texas Education Agency] Real Estate Curriculum Workshop Committee Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert

    The document contains a summary report of a community college real estate teachers' workshop organized to develop course outlines for the various areas in the real estate curriculum. Curriculum outlines are presented, with varying degrees of detail included, for the following eight subjects: real estate appraisal; real estate brokage; real estate…

  4. REAL TIME SYSTEM OPERATIONS 2006-2007

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eto, Joseph H.; Parashar, Manu; Lewis, Nancy Jo

    2008-08-15

    The Real Time System Operations (RTSO) 2006-2007 project focused on two parallel technical tasks: (1) Real-Time Applications of Phasors for Monitoring, Alarming and Control; and (2) Real-Time Voltage Security Assessment (RTVSA) Prototype Tool. The overall goal of the phasor applications project was to accelerate adoption and foster greater use of new, more accurate, time-synchronized phasor measurements by conducting research and prototyping applications on California ISO's phasor platform - Real-Time Dynamics Monitoring System (RTDMS) -- that provide previously unavailable information on the dynamic stability of the grid. Feasibility assessment studies were conducted on potential application of this technology for small-signal stability monitoring, validating/improving existing stability nomograms, conducting frequency response analysis, and obtaining real-time sensitivity information on key metrics to assess grid stress. Based on study findings, prototype applications for real-time visualization and alarming, small-signal stability monitoring, measurement based sensitivity analysis and frequency response assessment were developed, factory- and field-tested at the California ISO and at BPA. The goal of the RTVSA project was to provide California ISO with a prototype voltage security assessment tool that runs in real time within California ISO?s new reliability and congestion management system. CERTS conducted a technical assessment of appropriate algorithms, developed a prototype incorporating state-of-art algorithms (such as the continuation power flow, direct method, boundary orbiting method, and hyperplanes) into a framework most suitable for an operations environment. Based on study findings, a functional specification was prepared, which the California ISO has since used to procure a production-quality tool that is now a part of a suite of advanced computational tools that is used by California ISO for reliability and congestion management.

  5. Medical real estate in an age of reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammond, Laca Wong; Camp, Philip J

    2011-04-01

    The following are four ways healthcare organizations are fulfilling their medical real estate needs in an era of change: Real estate monetization. Renovation of existing facilities. A careful focus on containing materials costs. Joint ventures with real estate organizations.

  6. A new positive real characterization and robust positive real control of descriptor systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hanyong SHAO; Chunbo FENG

    2005-01-01

    This paper investigates the positive real control problem for uncertain descriptor systems.The parametric uncertainty is assumed to be norm bounded.Firstly,for the nominal system,a new positive real characterization is given,which is expressed by a strict linear matrix inequality(LMI) without equality constraints.Secondly,for the uncertain system,necessary and sufficient conditions for the solvability of the positive real control problem are derived.Based on these conditioos a state feedback law is obtained,which renders the resultant closed-loop system robustly positive real.

  7. Generalized and exact solutions for oblique shock waves of real gases with application to real air

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kouremenos, D. A.; Antonopoulos, K. A.

    1989-12-01

    The present work presents a generalized method for calculating oblique shock waves of real gases, based on the Redlich-Kwong (1949) equation of state. Also described is an exact method applicable when the exact equation of state and enthalpy function of a real gas are available. Application of the generalized and the exact methods in the case of real air showed that the former is very accurate and at least twenty times faster than the latter. An additional contribution of the study is the derivation of real gas oblique shock wave equations, which are of the same algebraic form as the well known ideal gas normal shock wave relations.

  8. The reduction of the metabolyc syndrome in Navarra-Spain (RESMENA-S study: a multidisciplinary strategy based on chrononutrition and nutritional education, together with dietetic and psychological control El estudio RESMENA-S: reducción del síndrome metabólico; una estrategia multidisciplinar basada en la crononutrición y la educación nutricional, junto con control dietético y psicológico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.ª A. Zulet

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The high prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS in Spain requires additional efforts for prevention and treatment. Objective: The study RESMENA-S aims to improve clinical criteria and biomarkers associated with MS though an integral therapy approach. Methods: The study is a randomized prospective parallel design in which is expected to participate a total of 100 individuals. The RESMENA-S group (n = 50 is a personalized weight loss (30% energy restriction diet, with a macronutrient distribution (carbohydrate / fat / protein of 40/30/30, high meal frequency (7 / day, low glycemic index/load and high antioxidant capacity as well as a high adherence to the Mediterranean diet. The control group (n = 50 is assigned to a diet with the same energy restriction and based on the American Heart Association pattern. Both experimental groups are under dietary and psychological control during 8 weeks. Likewise, for an additional period of 16 weeks of self-control, is expected that volunteers will follow the same pattern but with no dietary advice. Results: Anthropometrical data and body composition determinations as well as blood and urine samples are being collected at the beginning and end of each phase. This project is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov with the number NCT01087086 and count with the Research Ethics Committee of the University of Navarra approval (065/2009. Conclusions: Intervention trials to promote the adoption of dietary patterns and healthy lifestyle are of great importance to identify the outcomes and nutritional mechanisms that might explain the link between obesity, metabolic syndrome and associated complications.Introducción: La alta prevalencia del síndrome metabólico (SM en España requiere de esfuerzos adicionales para su prevención y tratamiento. Objetivo: El estudio RESMENA-S tiene como objetivo mejorar criterios clínicos de SM y biomarcadores asociados a través de un tratamiento integral. Métodos: El

  9. THE REAL EXCHANGE RATE DETERMINATION: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM MALAYSIA

    OpenAIRE

    WONG HOCK TSEN

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the real exchange rate determination in Malaysia. The result of the autoregressive distributed lag approach shows that an increase in the real interest rate differential, productivity differential, the real oil price or reserve differential will lead to an appreciation of the real exchange rate in the long run. The real oil price and reserve differential are important in the real exchange rate determination. The dynamic ordinary least squares (DOLS) estimator shows about t...

  10. ESTUDO DE CASO: SUSTENTABILIDADE DO BANCO REAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NOLETO, Caroline Paschoim

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available For some time, the Banco Real has invested in suitability, because it realized the importance of this question to the society. To carry out this work, a bibliographic research was made by the Banco Real about the practices of suitability, through the Report of Suitability in 2005 and 2006, with collection of information ofthe actions carried out and also its results. The results of the research will be presented in several projects carried out by the Banco Real, which show in each action the type of the return obtained during 2005 and 2006. We can conclude that the return obtained is relevant, because beyond the financial benefits conceived by the Program “Amigo Real”, it also has the question of the good image of the Company in the face of the market, due to itsposture. Another big benefit conquered by the adoption of the suitability was the introduction of a system of environmental administration in the home office of the own Bank, in São Paulo, so the Banco Real was contemplated with the ISO 14001.Já há algum tempo, o Banco Real tem investido em sustentabilidade porque percebeu a importância dessa questão para a sociedade. Para realização do trabalho em questão foi feito um levantamentobibliográfico das práticas de sustentabilidade praticadas pelo Banco Real, através do Relatório de Sustentabilidade 2005 e 2006 com coleta de informações das ações realizadas e também os seus resultados. Os resultados da pesquisa foram apresentados em vários projetos realizados pelo Banco Real e que demonstram emcada ação o tipo de retorno obtido durante os anos de 2005 e 2006. Pode-se concluir que o retorno obtido é relevante, pois além dos benefícios financeiros gerados pelo Programa Amigo Real, também tem a questão da boa imagem da Empresa perante o mercado, devido a sua postura. Outro grande benefício conquistado por meio da adoção da sustentabilidade foi à implantação de um sistema de gestão ambiental na sede do pr

  11. Real quartic surfaces containing 16 skew lines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isidro Nieto

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available It is well known that there is an open three-dimensional subvariety Ms of the Grassmannian of lines in ℙ3 which parametrizes smooth irreducible complex surfaces of degree 4 which are Heisenberg invariant, and each quartic contains 32 lines but only 16 skew lines, being determined by its configuration of lines, are called a double 16. We consider here the problem of visualizing in a computer the real Heisenberg invariant quartic surface and the real double 16. We construct a family of points l∈Ms parametrized by a two-dimensional semialgebraic variety such that under a change of coordinates of l into its Plüecker, coordinates transform into the real coordinates for a line L in ℙ3, which is then used to construct a program in Maple 7. The program allows us to draw the quartic surface and the set of transversal lines to L. Additionally, we include a table of a group of examples. For each test example we specify a parameter, the viewing angle of the image, compilation time, and other visual properties of the real surface and its real double 16. We include at the end of the paper an example showing the surface containing the double 16.

  12. Visualization of Real-Time Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stansifer, Ryan; Engrand, Peter

    1996-01-01

    In this project we explored various approaches to presenting real-time data from the numerous systems monitored on the space shuttle to computer users. We examined the approach that several projects at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) used to accomplish this. We undertook to build a prototype system to demonstrate that the Internet and the Java programming language could be used to present the real-time data conveniently. Several Java programs were developed that presented real-time data in different forms including one form that emulated the display screens of the PC GOAL system which is familiar to many at KSC. Also, we developed several communications programs to supply the data continuously. Furthermore, a framework was created using the World Wide Web (WWW) to organize the collection and presentation of the real-time data. We believe our demonstration project shows the great flexibility of the approach. We had no particular use of the data in mind, instead we wanted the most general and the least complex framework possible. People who wish to view data need only know how to use a WWW browser and the address (the URL). People wanting to build WWW documents containing real-time data need only know the values of a few parameters, they do not need to program in Java or any other language. These are stunning advantages over more monolithic systems.

  13. Coinductive Formal Reasoning in Exact Real Arithmetic

    CERN Document Server

    Niqui, Milad

    2008-01-01

    In this article we present a method for formally proving the correctness of the lazy algorithms for computing homographic and quadratic transformations -- of which field operations are special cases-- on a representation of real numbers by coinductive streams. The algorithms work on coinductive stream of M\\"obius maps and form the basis of the Edalat--Potts exact real arithmetic. We use the machinery of the Coq proof assistant for the coinductive types to present the formalisation. The formalised algorithms are only partially productive, i.e., they do not output provably infinite streams for all possible inputs. We show how to deal with this partiality in the presence of syntactic restrictions posed by the constructive type theory of Coq. Furthermore we show that the type theoretic techniques that we develop are compatible with the semantics of the algorithms as continuous maps on real numbers. The resulting Coq formalisation is available for public download.

  14. Deterministic Real-time Thread Scheduling

    CERN Document Server

    Yun, Heechul; Sha, Lui

    2011-01-01

    Race condition is a timing sensitive problem. A significant source of timing variation comes from nondeterministic hardware interactions such as cache misses. While data race detectors and model checkers can check races, the enormous state space of complex software makes it difficult to identify all of the races and those residual implementation errors still remain a big challenge. In this paper, we propose deterministic real-time scheduling methods to address scheduling nondeterminism in uniprocessor systems. The main idea is to use timing insensitive deterministic events, e.g, an instruction counter, in conjunction with a real-time clock to schedule threads. By introducing the concept of Worst Case Executable Instructions (WCEI), we guarantee both determinism and real-time performance.

  15. Continuous, real time microwave plasma element sensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woskov, Paul P.; Smatlak, Donna L.; Cohn, Daniel R.; Wittle, J. Kenneth; Titus, Charles H.; Surma, Jeffrey E.

    1995-01-01

    Microwave-induced plasma for continuous, real time trace element monitoring under harsh and variable conditions. The sensor includes a source of high power microwave energy and a shorted waveguide made of a microwave conductive, refractory material communicating with the source of the microwave energy to generate a plasma. The high power waveguide is constructed to be robust in a hot, hostile environment. It includes an aperture for the passage of gases to be analyzed and a spectrometer is connected to receive light from the plasma. Provision is made for real time in situ calibration. The spectrometer disperses the light, which is then analyzed by a computer. The sensor is capable of making continuous, real time quantitative measurements of desired elements, such as the heavy metals lead and mercury.

  16. Durham adaptive optics real-time controller.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basden, Alastair; Geng, Deli; Myers, Richard; Younger, Eddy

    2010-11-10

    The Durham adaptive optics (AO) real-time controller was initially a proof of concept design for a generic AO control system. It has since been developed into a modern and powerful central-processing-unit-based real-time control system, capable of using hardware acceleration (including field programmable gate arrays and graphical processing units), based primarily around commercial off-the-shelf hardware. It is powerful enough to be used as the real-time controller for all currently planned 8 m class telescope AO systems. Here we give details of this controller and the concepts behind it, and report on performance, including latency and jitter, which is less than 10 μs for small AO systems.

  17. Interactive Real-time Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brix, Lau

    seeks to implement and assess existing reconstruction algorithms using multi-processors of modern graphics cards and many-core computer processors and to cover some of the potential clinical applications which might benefit from using an interactive real-time MRI system. First an off......-line, but interactive, slice alignment tool was used to support the notion that 3D blood flow quantification in the heart possesses the ability to obtain curves and volumes which are not statistical different from standard 2D flow. Secondly, the feasibility of an interactive real-time MRI system was exploited...... with regard to optimal sampling strategy for detecting motion in four different anatomies on two different MRI scanner brands. A fully implemented interactive real-time MRI system was exploited in a group of healthy fetuses and proved its eligibility as an alternative diagnostic tool for fetal imaging...

  18. Real-Time Visualization of Tissue Ischemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bearman, Gregory H. (Inventor); Chrien, Thomas D. (Inventor); Eastwood, Michael L. (Inventor)

    2000-01-01

    A real-time display of tissue ischemia which comprises three CCD video cameras, each with a narrow bandwidth filter at the correct wavelength is discussed. The cameras simultaneously view an area of tissue suspected of having ischemic areas through beamsplitters. The output from each camera is adjusted to give the correct signal intensity for combining with, the others into an image for display. If necessary a digital signal processor (DSP) can implement algorithms for image enhancement prior to display. Current DSP engines are fast enough to give real-time display. Measurement at three, wavelengths, combined into a real-time Red-Green-Blue (RGB) video display with a digital signal processing (DSP) board to implement image algorithms, provides direct visualization of ischemic areas.

  19. Bounded real and positive real balanced truncation using Sigma-normalised coprime factors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Trentelman, H. L.

    2009-01-01

    In this article, we will extend the method of balanced truncation using normalised right coprime factors of the system transfer matrix by Meyer (1990) [3] to balanced truncation with preservation of half line dissipativity. Special cases are preservation of positive realness and bounded realness. We

  20. Real-use evaluation of effects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Jesper; Hertzum, Morten

    2012-01-01

    Embracing real use in an iterative approach calls for systematic formative evaluation. Effects-driven IT Development has been suggested as a way of supporting a Participatory Design (PD) process involving implementations that expose mature prototypes to real work practices. This is followed...... by evaluations of how specified and desired effects are obtained. We present results from a project where high-level political goals ('More Warm Hands'; i.e., clinicians spending more time at the patient bedside) are aligned with the local clinical organization and practice. We demonstrate how to combine...

  1. e-REAL: Enhanced Reality Lab

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Salvetti

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available e-REAL - enhanced reality lab - is a fully-immersive and multitasking environment, designed to experience challenging situations in a group setting, engaging all participants simultaneously on different levels: with peers, thematic experts and learning facilitators, both on site and remotely. e-REAL is a lab based on visual thinking and knowledge visualization, facilitated by enhanced (or augmented reality tools. It is a highly interactive and face-to-face lab that promotes proactive data and information research (everything is available, but learners have to actively look for it - allowing knowledge sharing with remote teams and integrating training on soft skills with those that are technical and specialized.

  2. Mode stability on the real axis

    CERN Document Server

    Andersson, Lars; Paganini, Claudio; Whiting, Bernard F

    2016-01-01

    A generalization of the mode stability result of Whiting (1989) for the Teukolsky equation is proved for the case of real frequencies. The main result of the paper states that a separated solution of the Teukolsky equation governing massless test fields on the Kerr spacetime, which is purely outgoing at infinity, and purely ingoing at the horizon, must vanish. This has the consequence, that for real frequencies, there are linearly independent fundamental solutions of the radial Teukolsky equation which are purely ingoing at the horizon, and purely outgoing at infinity, respectively. This fact yields a representation formula for solutions of the inhomogenous Teukolsky equation.

  3. Scalar Dark Matter: Real vs Complex

    CERN Document Server

    Wu, Hongyan

    2016-01-01

    We update the parameter spaces for both a real and complex scalar dark matter via the Higgs portal. In the light of constraints arising from the LUX 2016 data, the latest Higgs invisible decay and the gamma ray spectrum, the dark matter mass region is further restricted to a narrow window between $54-62.2$ GeV in both cases, and it is excluded up to 660 GeV and 2800 GeV for the real and complex scalar, respectively.

  4. Recent Advances in Real Options Signaling Games

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Rigopoulos

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Financial economics have benefited from game theory advances and its application to various domains where competition is present. Following relevant research this paper presents a literature review of recent works on the intersection of real options and game theory, especially on signaling games. A preliminary background is presented initially and next a review of the works is presented. The paper compiles existing works to a useful reference for researchers in the field. Keywords: Signaling games; Capital budgeting, Real options, Game theory, Discrete time games

  5. Interactions Between Real and Virtual Spacetimes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Javadi, Hossein; Forouzbakhsh, Farshid

    2014-01-01

    Here arise the problems of modern physics that theories at the quantum scales have been discontinued. Therefore we should pass through the quantum scales and review phenomena at the sub quantum levels. The question is where to enter the sub quantum levels? Answer is; open a new window for massive....... In this article, we analyzed that c is the edge of visible and invisible particles such as virtual photons and graviton. It leads us passing the real spacetime and enter into the virtual spacetime and describe interactions between real spacetime and virtual spacetime and reach to non-obvious space....

  6. Object detection in real-time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solder, Ulrich; Graefe, Volker

    1991-03-01

    An algorithm working on monocular gray-scale image sequences for object detection combined with a road tracker is presented. This algorithm appropriate for the real-time demands of an autonomous car driving with speeds over 40 km/h may be used for triggering obstacle avoidance maneuvers such as coming to a safe stop automatically in front of an obstacle or following another car. Moving and static objects have been detected in real-world experiments on various types of roads even under unfavorable weather conditions. . Morgenthaler and

  7. Real Time Implementation Of Face Recognition System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Megha Manchanda

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes face recognition method using PCA for real time implementation. Nowadays security is gaining importance as it is becoming necessary for people to keep passwords in their mind and carry cards. Such implementations however, are becoming less secure and practical, also is becoming more problematic thus leading to an increasing interest in techniques related to biometrics systems. Face recognition system is amongst important subjects in biometrics systems. This system is very useful for security in particular and has been widely used and developed in many countries. This study aims to achieve face recognition successfully by detecting human face in real time, based on Principal Component Analysis (PCA algorithm.

  8. Nilpotent orbits in real symmetric pairs

    CERN Document Server

    Dietrich, Heiko; Ruggeri, Daniele; Trigiante, Mario

    2016-01-01

    In the classification of stationary solutions in extended supergravities with symmetric scalar manifolds, the nilpotent orbits of a real symmetric pair play an important role. In this paper we discuss two approaches to determining the nilpotent orbits of a real symmetric pair. We apply our methods to an explicit example, and thereby classify the nilpotent orbits of SL_2(R)^4 acting on the fourth tensor power of the natural 2-dimensional SL_2(R)-module. This makes it possible to classify all stationary solutions of the so-called STU-supergravity model.

  9. Real analysis and probability solutions to problems

    CERN Document Server

    Ash, Robert P

    1972-01-01

    Real Analysis and Probability: Solutions to Problems presents solutions to problems in real analysis and probability. Topics covered range from measure and integration theory to functional analysis and basic concepts of probability; the interplay between measure theory and topology; conditional probability and expectation; the central limit theorem; and strong laws of large numbers in terms of martingale theory.Comprised of eight chapters, this volume begins with problems and solutions for the theory of measure and integration, followed by various applications of the basic integration theory.

  10. Real analysis modern techniques and their applications

    CERN Document Server

    Folland, Gerald B

    1999-01-01

    An in-depth look at real analysis and its applications-now expanded and revised.This new edition of the widely used analysis book continues to cover real analysis in greater detail and at a more advanced level than most books on the subject. Encompassing several subjects that underlie much of modern analysis, the book focuses on measure and integration theory, point set topology, and the basics of functional analysis. It illustrates the use of the general theories and introduces readers to other branches of analysis such as Fourier analysis, distribution theory, and probability theory.This edi

  11. Real-time systems scheduling fundamentals

    CERN Document Server

    Chetto, Maryline

    2014-01-01

    Real-time systems are used in a wide range of applications, including control, sensing, multimedia, etc.  Scheduling is a central problem for these computing/communication systems since responsible of software execution in a timely manner. This book provides state of knowledge in this domain with special emphasis on the key results obtained within the last decade. This book addresses foundations as well as the latest advances and findings in Real-Time Scheduling, giving all references to important papers. But nevertheless the chapters will be short and not overloaded with confusing details.

  12. Machine vision for real time orbital operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinz, Frank L.

    1988-01-01

    Machine vision for automation and robotic operation of Space Station era systems has the potential for increasing the efficiency of orbital servicing, repair, assembly and docking tasks. A machine vision research project is described in which a TV camera is used for inputing visual data to a computer so that image processing may be achieved for real time control of these orbital operations. A technique has resulted from this research which reduces computer memory requirements and greatly increases typical computational speed such that it has the potential for development into a real time orbital machine vision system. This technique is called AI BOSS (Analysis of Images by Box Scan and Syntax).

  13. Axial Tomography from Digitized Real Time Radiography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zolnay, A. S.; McDonald, W. M.; Doupont, P. A.; McKinney, R. L.; Lee, M. M.

    1985-01-18

    Axial tomography from digitized real time radiographs provides a useful tool for industrial radiography and tomography. The components of this system are: x-ray source, image intensifier, video camera, video line extractor and digitizer, data storage and reconstruction computers. With this system it is possible to view a two dimensional x-ray image in real time at each angle of rotation and select the tomography plane of interest by choosing which video line to digitize. The digitization of a video line requires less than a second making data acquisition relatively short. Further improvements on this system are planned and initial results are reported.

  14. Real-time systems scheduling 2 focuses

    CERN Document Server

    Chetto, Maryline

    2014-01-01

    Real-time systems are used in a wide range of applications, including control, sensing, multimedia, etc. Scheduling is a central problem for these computing/communication systems since it is responsible for software execution in a timely manner. This book, the second of two volumes on the subject, brings together knowledge on specific topics and discusses the recent advances for some of them.  It addresses foundations as well as the latest advances and findings in real-time scheduling, giving comprehensive references to important papers, but the chapters are short and not overloaded with co

  15. A model of real estate and psychological factors in decision-making to buy real estate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bojan Grum

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the psychological characteristics of potential real estate buyers connected with their decision to buy. Through a review of research, it reveals that most studies of psychological factors in the decision to buy real estate have a partial and dispersed orientation, and examine individual factors independently. It appears that the research area is lacking clearly defined models of psychological factors in the decision to buy real estate that would integrally and relationally explain the role of psychological characteristics of real estate buyers and their expectations in relation to a decision to buy. The article identifies two sets of psychological factors, motivational and emotional, determines their interaction with potential buyers’ expectations when deciding to purchase real estate and offers starting points for forming a model.

  16. Numerical simulation of real-world flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayase, Toshiyuki

    2015-10-01

    Obtaining real flow information is important in various fields, but is a difficult issue because measurement data are usually limited in time and space, and computational results usually do not represent the exact state of real flows. Problems inherent in the realization of numerical simulation of real-world flows include the difficulty in representing exact initial and boundary conditions and the difficulty in representing unstable flow characteristics. This article reviews studies dealing with these problems. First, an overview of basic flow measurement methodologies and measurement data interpolation/approximation techniques is presented. Then, studies on methods of integrating numerical simulation and measurement, namely, four-dimensional variational data assimilation (4D-Var), Kalman filters (KFs), state observers, etc are discussed. The first problem is properly solved by these integration methodologies. The second problem can be partially solved with 4D-Var in which only initial and boundary conditions are control parameters. If an appropriate control parameter capable of modifying the dynamical structure of the model is included in the formulation of 4D-Var, unstable modes are properly suppressed and the second problem is solved. The state observer and KFs also solve the second problem by modifying mathematical models to stabilize the unstable modes of the original dynamical system by applying feedback signals. These integration methodologies are now applied in simulation of real-world flows in a wide variety of research fields. Examples are presented for basic fluid dynamics and applications in meteorology, aerospace, medicine, etc.

  17. Monetary Policy Frameworks and Real Equilibrium Determinacy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Henrik

    2002-01-01

    In a simple "prototype" model of monetary policymaking, I examine the issue of real equilibrium determinacy under targeting and instrument rules. The former framework involves minimization of a loss function (under discretion or commitment), whereas the latter involves commitment to an interest......'s stability properties. Instead, they could reveal whether targeting-rule based policy is performed under discretion or commitment...

  18. Interactive Technology Assessment in the Real World

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marris, Claire; Joly, Pierre-Benoit; Rip, Arie

    2008-01-01

    Participatory Technology Assessment (pTA) initiatives have usually been analyzed as if they existed in a social and political vacuum. This article analyzes the linkages that occur, in both directions, between the microcosm set up by a pTA exercise and the real world outside. This dual-dynamics persp

  19. Advances in Real-Time Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Chakraborty, Samarjit

    2012-01-01

    This volume contains the lectures given in honor to Georg Farber as tribute to his contributions in the area of real-time and embedded systems. The chapters of many leading scientists cover a wide range of aspects, like robot or automotive vision systems or medical aspects.

  20. Real Time Grid Reliability Management 2005

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eto, Joe; Eto, Joe; Lesieutre, Bernard; Lewis, Nancy Jo; Parashar, Manu

    2008-07-07

    The increased need to manage California?s electricity grid in real time is a result of the ongoing transition from a system operated by vertically-integrated utilities serving native loads to one operated by an independent system operator supporting competitive energy markets. During this transition period, the traditional approach to reliability management -- construction of new transmission lines -- has not been pursued due to unresolved issues related to the financing and recovery of transmission project costs. In the absence of investments in new transmission infrastructure, the best strategy for managing reliability is to equip system operators with better real-time information about actual operating margins so that they can better understand and manage the risk of operating closer to the edge. A companion strategy is to address known deficiencies in offline modeling tools that are needed to ground the use of improved real-time tools. This project: (1) developed and conducted first-ever demonstrations of two prototype real-time software tools for voltage security assessment and phasor monitoring; and (2) prepared a scoping study on improving load and generator response models. Additional funding through two separate subsequent work authorizations has already been provided to build upon the work initiated in this project.

  1. Object recognition techniques in real applications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fernandez Robles, Laura

    2016-01-01

    This thesis proposes and evaluates object description and retrieval techniques in different real applications. First, we addressed the classification of boar spermatozoa according to acrosome integrity, which is an important challenge in the veterinary field. We presented several methods based on in

  2. Real and Artificial Differential Item Functioning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrich, David; Hagquist, Curt

    2012-01-01

    The literature in modern test theory on procedures for identifying items with differential item functioning (DIF) among two groups of persons includes the Mantel-Haenszel (MH) procedure. Generally, it is not recognized explicitly that if there is real DIF in some items which favor one group, then as an artifact of this procedure, artificial DIF…

  3. Autopsies of the real: Resurrecting the dead

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valis, Noël

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The sense of the real, or the material—the dead body—as an inextricable part of the sacred does not disappear in the secular environment of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. This article analyzes specific humanitarian narratives centered on the practice of autopsy and mummification, in which the traces of Catholicism act as a kind of spectral discourse of the imagination, where the real is configured in forms of the uncanny, the monstrous or the sacred.

    El sentido de lo real, de lo material —el cuerpo sin vida— como una inextricable parte de lo sagrado, no desaparece del ambiente secular de los siglos XIX y XX. En los relatos analizados en este artículo se estudia cómo en determinadas narrativas humanitarias centradas en la práctica de la autopsia y la momificación, las huellas del catolicismo actúan como una suerte de discurso espectral de la imaginación, en que lo real se configura en formas de lo siniestro, lo monstruoso o lo sagrado.

  4. 38 CFR 43.31 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Real property. 43.31 Section 43.31 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Post-Award Requirements Changes, Property,...

  5. 45 CFR 74.32 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Real property. 74.32 Section 74.32 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR AWARDS AND SUBAWARDS TO INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, OTHER NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS, AND COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS...

  6. 45 CFR 92.31 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Real property. 92.31 Section 92.31 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS TO STATE, LOCAL, AND TRIBAL GOVERNMENTS Post-Award Requirements Changes, Property, and Subawards § 92.31...

  7. 40 CFR 30.32 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Real property. 30.32 Section 30.32 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS...

  8. 40 CFR 31.31 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Real property. 31.31 Section 31.31 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Post-Award Requirements Changes, Property,...

  9. 38 CFR 49.32 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Real property. 49.32 Section 49.32 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS...

  10. 32 CFR 32.32 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Real property. 32.32 Section 32.32 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DoD GRANT AND AGREEMENT REGULATIONS ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS...

  11. 32 CFR 33.31 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Real property. 33.31 Section 33.31 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DoD GRANT AND AGREEMENT REGULATIONS UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Post-Award Requirements Changes, Property,...

  12. Refactoring Real-Time Java Profiles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergaard, Hans; Thomsen, Bent; Ravn, Anders Peter

    2011-01-01

    Just like other software, Java profiles benefits from refactoring when they have been used and have evolved for some time. This paper presents a refactoring of the Real-Time Specification for Java (RTSJ) and the Safety Critical Java (SCJ) profile (JSR-302). It highlights core concepts and makes...

  13. Real-time analysis of telemetry data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kao, Simon A.; Laffey, Thomas J.; Schmidt, James L.; Read, Jackson Y.; Dunham, Larry L.

    1987-01-01

    This paper descibes a knowledge-based system for performing real-time monitoring and analysis of telemetry data from the NASA Hubble Space Telescope (HST). In order to handle asynchronous inputs and perform in real time the system consists of three or more separate processes, which run concurrently and communicate via a message passing scheme. The data management process gathers, compresses, and scales the incoming telemetry data befoe sending it to the other tasks. The inferencing process uses the incoming data to perform a real-time analysis of the state and health of the Space Telescope. The I/O process receives telemetry monitors from the data management process, updates its graphical displays in real time, and acts as the interface to the console operator. The three processes may run on the same or different computers. This system is currently under development and is being used to monitor testcases produced by the Bass Telemetry System in the Hardware/Software Integration Facility at Lockheed Missile and Space Co. in Sunnyvale, California.

  14. The Problem of Focusing and Real Images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mihas, Pavlos

    2008-01-01

    A historical discussion of the theories which deal with the formation of real images in mirrors and lenses is presented in this paper. Speculations on mirrors appeared as early as Plato. Euclid's, Hero's and Ptolemy's approaches to visual rays are described. The theory on burning mirrors starts with Diocles and later was continued by the Arabs. Al…

  15. Infusing Real World Experiences into Engineering Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Academies Press, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this report is to encourage enhanced richness and relevance of the undergraduate engineering education experience, and thus produce better-prepared and more globally competitive graduates, by providing practical guidance for incorporating real world experience in US engineering programs. The report, a collaborative effort of the…

  16. Remote effects in real induction arrows

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Ádám

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available In August 2001, Annali di Geofisica, 44 (4, pp. 659-669, published the paper: «Anomalous directional behaviour of the real parts of the induction arrows in the Eastern Alps: tectonic and palaeogeographic implications» written by Marcus Gurk and Pierre-André Schnegg. Concerning this paper we have two brief comments.

  17. Real Estate Curriculum for Community Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Robert W.

    The Oregon Department of Education has prepared this curriculum guide to assist community college personnel in developing or upgrading real estate programs. This fast-growing field has demanded that community colleges analyze the course content of such programs so that they are relevant to the actual needs of the industry. An Advisory Committee…

  18. Get Real: Augmented Reality for the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Rebecca; DeBay, Dennis

    2012-01-01

    Kids love augmented reality (AR) simulations because they are like real-life video games. AR simulations allow students to learn content while collaborating face to face and interacting with a multimedia-enhanced version of the world around them. Although the technology may seem advanced, AR software makes it easy to develop content-based…

  19. Numerical simulation of real-world flows

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hayase, Toshiyuki, E-mail: hayase@ifs.tohoku.ac.jp [Institute of Fluid Science, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai, 980-8577 (Japan)

    2015-10-15

    Obtaining real flow information is important in various fields, but is a difficult issue because measurement data are usually limited in time and space, and computational results usually do not represent the exact state of real flows. Problems inherent in the realization of numerical simulation of real-world flows include the difficulty in representing exact initial and boundary conditions and the difficulty in representing unstable flow characteristics. This article reviews studies dealing with these problems. First, an overview of basic flow measurement methodologies and measurement data interpolation/approximation techniques is presented. Then, studies on methods of integrating numerical simulation and measurement, namely, four-dimensional variational data assimilation (4D-Var), Kalman filters (KFs), state observers, etc are discussed. The first problem is properly solved by these integration methodologies. The second problem can be partially solved with 4D-Var in which only initial and boundary conditions are control parameters. If an appropriate control parameter capable of modifying the dynamical structure of the model is included in the formulation of 4D-Var, unstable modes are properly suppressed and the second problem is solved. The state observer and KFs also solve the second problem by modifying mathematical models to stabilize the unstable modes of the original dynamical system by applying feedback signals. These integration methodologies are now applied in simulation of real-world flows in a wide variety of research fields. Examples are presented for basic fluid dynamics and applications in meteorology, aerospace, medicine, etc. (topical review)

  20. Real Otto and Diesel Engine Cycles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giedd, Ronald

    1983-01-01

    A thermodynamic analysis of the properties of otto/diesel engines during the time they operate with open chambers illustrates applicability of thermodynamics to real systems, demonstrates how delivered power is controlled, and explains the source of air pollution in terms of thermodynamic laws. (Author/JN)

  1. The Decimal Representation of Real Numbers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalapodi, A.

    2010-01-01

    The representation of natural numbers in decimal form is an unequivocal procedure while for the representation of real numbers some ambiguities concerning the existence of infinitely many digits equal to 9 still emerge. One of the most frequently confronted misunderstandings is whether 0.999...equals 1 or not, and if not what number does this…

  2. Real-time dynamics of proton decay

    CERN Document Server

    Grigoriev, D

    2005-01-01

    Substituting Skyrmion for nucleon, one can potentially see -- in real time -- how the monopole is catalysing the proton (or neutron) decay, and even obtain a plausible estimate for catalysis cross-section. Here we discuss the key aspects of a practical implementation of such approach and demonstrate how one can overcome the main technical problems: Gauss constraint violation and reflections at the boundaries.

  3. Some "Real" Problems of "Virtual" Organisation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, John A.; O'Brien, Jon; Randall, Dave; Rouncefield, Mark; Tolmie, Peter

    2001-01-01

    An ethnographic study of organizational change in a bank considered issues surrounding virtual teamwork in virtual organizations. Problems in communication, management control, and approach to customer service were found. An underlying cause is that "virtual" work involves "real" customers, workers, and problems. (Contains 36 references.) (SK)

  4. The Real World Significance of Performance Prediction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pardos, Zachary A.; Wang, Qing Yang; Trivedi, Shubhendu

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, the educational data mining and user modeling communities have been aggressively introducing models for predicting student performance on external measures such as standardized tests as well as within-tutor performance. While these models have brought statistically reliable improvement to performance prediction, the real world…

  5. Los derechos reales sobre cosa ajena

    OpenAIRE

    Panero Oria, Patricia

    2011-01-01

    Esta presentación cierra la serie de presentaciones que sa han realizado sobre los Derechos reales, según el Plan Docente seguido en la Facultad de Derecho de la Universidad de Barcelona, y que sirven de guía para el estudio de la materia.

  6. The Power of Real-Time PCR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valasek, Mark A.; Repa, Joyce J.

    2005-01-01

    In recent years, real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has emerged as a robust and widely used methodology for biological investigation because it can detect and quantify very small amounts of specific nucleic acid sequences. As a research tool, a major application of this technology is the rapid and accurate assessment of changes in gene…

  7. Strictly positive real transfer functions revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lozano-Leal, Rogelio; Joshi, Suresh M.

    1990-01-01

    The two most commonly used definitions of strictly positive real (SPR) transfer functions are reviewed. Contrary to what has been suggested in the literature, it is proven that the least restrictive (weak) definition of the two is clearly related to the Yacubovich-Kalman lemma. The relationship between time- and frequency-domain conditions pertaining to the weak definition of SPR systems is established.

  8. Feedback as Real-Time Constructions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keiding, Tina Bering; Qvortrup, Ane

    2014-01-01

    This article offers a re-description of feedback and the significance of time in feedback constructions based on systems theory. It describes feedback as internal, real-time constructions in a learning system. From this perspective, feedback is neither immediate nor delayed, but occurs in the very moment it takes place. This article argues for a…

  9. Real Time Structured Light and Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilm, Jakob

    , increased processing power, and methods presented in this thesis, it is possible to perform structured light scans in real time with 20 depth measurements per second. This offers new opportunities for studying dynamic scenes, quality control, human-computer interaction and more. This thesis discusses...

  10. Oversampling of wavelet frames for real dilations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bownik, Marcin; Lemvig, Jakob

    2012-01-01

    We generalize the Second Oversampling Theorem for wavelet frames and dual wavelet frames from the setting of integer dilations to real dilations. We also study the relationship between dilation matrix oversampling of semi-orthogonal Parseval wavelet frames and the additional shift invariance gain...

  11. BIVARIATE REAL-VALUED ORTHOGONAL PERIODIC WAVELETS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiang Li; Xuezhang Liang

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, we construct a kind of bivariate real-valued orthogonal periodic wavelets. The corresponding decomposition and reconstruction algorithms involve only 8 terms respectively which are very simple in practical computation. Moreover, the relation between periodic wavelets and Fourier series is also discussed.

  12. Acquisitions and Real Options : The Greenfield Alternative

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brouthers, Keith D.; Dikova, Desislava

    2010-01-01

    P>Although acquisitions are a popular way to enter new markets, empirical evidence tends to indicate few benefits accrue to acquiring firms. This might be the case because firms use acquisitions when they should be employing an alternative mode of expansion. Applying real options theory to this issu

  13. Real-time Texture Error Detection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan Laurentiu Lacrama

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper advocates an improved solution for the real-time error detection of texture errors that occurs in the production process in textile industry. The research is focused on the mono-color products with 3D texture model (Jacquard fabrics. This is a more difficult task than, for example, 2D multicolor textures.

  14. Students Dig for Real School Gardens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reeves, Lacey; Emeagwali, N. Susan

    2010-01-01

    There's a lot of talk about saving the environment and going green these days. But the challenge is to turn the words into action, and that includes getting young students to become part of the discussion about sustainability. The Texas-based Rainwater Environmental Alliance for Learning (REAL) School Gardens is cultivating success by providing…

  15. Why Real Estate Makes Sense for Endowments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiser, Arthur G., Jr.

    1985-01-01

    Attributes of real estate that make it a desirable investment for institutional endowment funds include the uniqueness of each property, its function as a hedge against inflation, its function in stabilizing portfolio volatility, and the potential for income and diversification. (MSE)

  16. MOOCs: Let's Get Real

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reeves, Thomas C.; Hedberg, John G.

    2014-01-01

    Rising costs, perceived declining value, and weak evidence of quality outcomes bedevil contemporary higher education. One innovation intended to address these problems is the Massive Open Online Course (MOOC). This article recommends that the educational technology community and others get REAL about MOOCs by focusing more serious effort on…

  17. Electromagnetic Radiation and Motion of Real Particle

    CERN Document Server

    Klacka, J

    2000-01-01

    Relativistically covariant equation of motion for real dust particle under the action of electromagnetic radiation is derived. The particle is neutral in charge. Equation of motion is expressed in terms of particle's optical properties, standardly used in optics for stationary particles.

  18. Real-world semantics of conceptual models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wieringa, Roel

    2011-01-01

    Conceptual modelling is the addition of more real-world semantics to the computations performed by a computer. It is argued that in a proper engineering approach to computing, three kinds of conceptual modelling need to be distinguished, (1) modelling a software solution, (2) modelling the domain in

  19. Real estate prices and bank stability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koetter, Michael; Poghosyan, Tigran

    2010-01-01

    Real estate prices can deviate from their fundamental value due to rigid supply, heterogeneity in quality, and various market imperfections, which have two contrasting effects on bank stability. Higher prices increase the value of collateral and net wealth of borrowers and thus reduce the likelihood

  20. Endangered Species: Real Life in Two Dimensions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, Lynette K.

    2012-01-01

    The focus of "Endangered Species: Real Life in Two Dimensions" is to create awareness about a critical environmental issue. There is a special urgency to this project because large numbers of animal species are currently endangered or on the brink of extinction. In addition to being enlightened about this important topic through research, students…

  1. 36 CFR 1210.32 - Real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Real property. 1210.32 Section 1210.32 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION GENERAL... EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Property Standards §...

  2. Large Devaluations and the Real Exchange Rate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burstein, Ariel; Eichenbaum, Martin; Rebelo, Sergio

    2005-01-01

    In this paper we argue that the primary force behind the large drop in real exchange rates that occurs after large devaluations is the slow adjustment in the prices of nontradable goods and services. Our empirical analysis uses data from five large devaluation episodes: Argentina (2002), Brazil (1999), Korea (1997), Mexico (1994), and Thailand…

  3. REAL ROOT ISOLATION OF SPLINE FUNCTIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Renhong Wang; Jinming Wu

    2008-01-01

    In this paper,we propose an algorithm for isolating real roots of a given univariate spline function,which is based on the use of Descartes' rule of signs and de Casteljau algorithm.Numerical examples illustrate the flexibility and effectiveness of the algorithm.

  4. Real Estate Appraising. A Suggested Adult Education Course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Continuing Education Curriculum Development.

    Developed to assist teachers of classes in real estate appraisal and to help students prepare for professional qualification, this guide presents 12 lessons which may be taught in 15 two-hour sessions. The twelve lessons are (1) The Appraisal of Real Estate, (2) Real Property Value, (3) Basic Principles of Real Property Value, (4) The Appraisal…

  5. 45 CFR 12.7 - Applications for surplus real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Applications for surplus real property. 12.7 Section 12.7 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION DISPOSAL AND UTILIZATION OF SURPLUS REAL PROPERTY FOR PUBLIC HEALTH PURPOSES § 12.7 Applications for surplus real property. Applications for surplus real...

  6. 12 CFR 541.23 - Residential real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Residential real estate. 541.23 Section 541.23... AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.23 Residential real estate. The terms residential real estate... home used in part for business); (c) Other real estate used for primarily residential purposes...

  7. 33 CFR 211.22 - Real estate Claims Officers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Real estate Claims Officers. 211..., DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS IN CONNECTION WITH CIVIL WORKS PROJECTS Real Estate Claims § 211.22 Real estate Claims Officers. In each Division Office the...

  8. 32 CFR 644.30 - Preliminary real estate work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Preliminary real estate work. 644.30 Section 644... PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Project Planning Military (army and Air Force) and Other Federal Agencies § 644.30 Preliminary real estate work. (a) Preliminary real estate work is defined as that action...

  9. 7 CFR 764.104 - General real estate security requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false General real estate security requirements. 764.104....104 General real estate security requirements. (a) Agency lien position requirements. If real estate... Agency; and (4) Equity in the collateral exists. (b) Real estate held under a purchase contract. If...

  10. 12 CFR 365.2 - Real estate lending standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 365.2 Section... POLICY REAL ESTATE LENDING STANDARDS § 365.2 Real estate lending standards. (a) Each insured state... extensions of credit that are secured by liens on or interests in real estate, or that are made for...

  11. 12 CFR 34.62 - Real estate lending standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 34.62 Section 34.62 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REAL ESTATE LENDING AND APPRAISALS Real Estate Lending Standards § 34.62 Real estate lending standards. (a) Each national bank...

  12. 12 CFR 541.16 - Improved residential real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Improved residential real estate. 541.16... REGULATIONS AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.16 Improved residential real estate. The term improved residential real estate means residential real estate containing offsite or other...

  13. 12 CFR 541.15 - Improved nonresidential real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Improved nonresidential real estate. 541.15... REGULATIONS AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.15 Improved nonresidential real estate. The term improved nonresidential real estate means nonresidential real estate: (a) Containing a permanent...

  14. 12 CFR 541.27 - Unimproved real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Unimproved real estate. 541.27 Section 541.27... AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.27 Unimproved real estate. The term unimproved real estate means real estate that will be improved, as defined in § 541.15 or § 541.16 of this part....

  15. 33 CFR 211.2 - Authority to acquire real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Authority to acquire real estate..., DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS IN CONNECTION WITH CIVIL WORKS PROJECTS Real Estate; General § 211.2 Authority to acquire real estate. (a) Congressional...

  16. 12 CFR 34.83 - Disposition of real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Disposition of real estate. 34.83 Section 34.83 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REAL ESTATE LENDING AND APPRAISALS Other Real Estate Owned § 34.83 Disposition of real estate. (a) Disposition. A national bank...

  17. Project Management in Real Time: A Service-Learning Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson, Erik; Drexler, John A., Jr.

    2010-01-01

    This article describes a service-learning assignment for a project management course. It is designed to facilitate hands-on student learning of both the technical and the interpersonal aspects of project management, and it involves student engagement with real customers and real stakeholders in the creation of real events with real outcomes. As…

  18. Providing Real Research Opoportunities to Undergraduates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ragozzine, Darin

    2016-01-01

    The current approach to undergraduate education focuses on teaching classes which provide the foundational knowledge for more applied experiences such as scientific research. Like most programs, Florida Institute of Technology (Florida Tech or FIT) strongly encourages undergraduate research, but is dominated by content-focused courses (e.g., "Physical Mechanics"). Research-like experiences are generally offered through "lab" classes, but these are almost always reproductions of past experiments: contrived, formulaic, and lacking the "heart" of real (i.e., potentially publishable) scientific research. Real research opportunities 1) provide students with realistic insight into the actual scientific process; 2) excite students far more than end-of-chapter problems; 3) provide context for the importance of learning math, physics, and astrophysics concepts; and 4) allow unique research progress for well-chosen problems. I have provided real research opportunities as an "Exoplanet Lab" component of my Introduction to Space Science (SPS1020) class at Florida Tech, generally taken by first-year majors in our Physics, Astronomy & Astrophysics, Planetary Science, and Astrobiology degree programs. These labs are a hybrid between citizen science (e.g., PlanetHunters) and simultaneously mentoring ~60 undergraduates in similar small research projects. These projects focus on problems that can be understood in the context of the course, but which benefit from "crowdsourcing". Examples include: dividing up the known planetary systems and developing a classification scheme and organizing them into populations (Fall 2013); searching through folded light curves to discover new exoplanets missed by previous pipelines (Fall 2014); and fitting n-body models to all exoplanets with known Transit Timing Variations to estimate planet masses (Fall 2015). The students love the fact that they are doing real potentially publishable research: not many undergraduates can claim to have discovered

  19. Economic scenarios for the real estate market: Incorporating uncertainty and risk in real estate appraisals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carsten Lausberg

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Real estate appraisal is usually regarded as both a science and an art: “science” because the appraiser uses mathematical calculations and other objective elements, “art” because he also uses his experience and other subjective elements. This dual character requires—among others—that new insights from other disciplines and current trends are taken into account. The central proposition of the article is that this requirement is not met. The author provides evidence that real estate risk management has made tremendous progress since the mid-1990s which has not found its way into appraisal practice, thereby creating a situation where appraisals by risk analysts differ greatly from appraisals by real estate appraisers. According to the author the gap between real estate appraisal and risk analysis should be closed from both sides. The article begins with an overview of the most important trends which will impact real estate values in the future. From these trends, an exemplary economic scenario for European real estate markets is derived in order to demonstrate that scenario writing is a powerful tool for risk management. After that the author discusses some other methods of risk management and their potential benefits for real estate appraisal.

  20. "Fast" Is Not "Real-Time": Designing Effective Real-Time AI Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Reilly, Cindy A.; Cromarty, Andrew S.

    1985-04-01

    Realistic practical problem domains (such as robotics, process control, and certain kinds of signal processing) stand to benefit greatly from the application of artificial intelligence techniques. These problem domains are of special interest because they are typified by complex dynamic environments in which the ability to select and initiate a proper response to environmental events in real time is a strict prerequisite to effective environmental interaction. Artificial intelligence systems developed to date have been sheltered from this real-time requirement, however, largely by virtue of their use of simplified problem domains or problem representations. The plethora of colloquial and (in general) mutually inconsistent interpretations of the term "real-time" employed by workers in each of these domains further exacerbates the difficul-ties in effectively applying state-of-the-art problem solving tech-niques to time-critical problems. Indeed, the intellectual waters are by now sufficiently muddied that the pursuit of a rigorous treatment of intelligent real-time performance mandates the redevelopment of proper problem perspective on what "real-time" means, starting from first principles. We present a simple but nonetheless formal definition of real-time performance. We then undertake an analysis of both conventional techniques and AI technology with respect to their ability to meet substantive real-time performance criteria. This analysis provides a basis for specification of problem-independent design requirements for systems that would claim real-time performance. Finally, we discuss the application of these design principles to a pragmatic problem in real-time signal understanding.

  1. Argus developer in practice real estate development modeling in the real world

    CERN Document Server

    Havard, Tim M

    2014-01-01

    First ""missing manual"" for Argus Developer--case studies show readers how to analyze a development, something Argus manuals don't do. Argus Developer is by far the leading program for real estate developers worldwide The book is an education in real estate finance as well as the program Author teaches seminars and consults with people using the program--back of room sales likely Author has three other books on real estate development Possibility that Argus gets behind the project The book will contain dozens of screenshots

  2. The Real Ginibre Ensemble with k=O(n) Real Eigenvalues

    Science.gov (United States)

    del Molino, Luis Carlos García; Pakdaman, Khashayar; Touboul, Jonathan; Wainrib, Gilles

    2016-04-01

    We consider the ensemble of real Ginibre matrices conditioned to have positive fraction α >0 of real eigenvalues. We demonstrate a large deviations principle for the joint eigenvalue density of such matrices and introduce a two phase log-gas whose stationary distribution coincides with the spectral measure of the ensemble. Using these tools we provide an asymptotic expansion for the probability p^n_{α n} that an n× n Ginibre matrix has k=α n real eigenvalues and we characterize the spectral measures of these matrices.

  3. Complete characterization of strictly positive real regions and robust strictly positive real synthesis method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The concept of weak strictly positive real regions is introduced, and its properties are discussed. By using the complete discrimination system for polynomials, complete characterization of the (weak) strictly positive real regions for transfer functions in coefficient space is given. A new effective method for robust strictly positive real synthesis is proposed. This method results in necessary and sufficient conditions for low-order stable interval polynomials and segment polynomials, and is also efficient for high-order cases. Numerical examples are provided to illustrate the effectiveness of this method.

  4. Complete characterization of strictly positive real regions and robust strictly positive real synthesis method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王龙; 郁文生

    2000-01-01

    The concept of weak strictly positive real regions is introduced, and its properties are discussed . By using the complete discrimination system for polynomials, complete characterization of the (weak) strictly positive real regions for transfer functions in coefficient space is given. A new effective method for robust strictly positive real synthesis is proposed. This method results in necessary and sufficient conditions for low-order stable interval polynomials and segment polynomials, and is also efficient for high-order cases. Numerical examples are provided to illustrate the effectiveness of this method.

  5. Advanced real-time manipulation of video streams

    CERN Document Server

    Herling, Jan

    2014-01-01

    Diminished Reality is a new fascinating technology that removes real-world content from live video streams. This sensational live video manipulation actually removes real objects and generates a coherent video stream in real-time. Viewers cannot detect modified content. Existing approaches are restricted to moving objects and static or almost static cameras and do not allow real-time manipulation of video content. Jan Herling presents a new and innovative approach for real-time object removal with arbitrary camera movements.

  6. Estimating risk aversion, Risk-Neutral and Real-World Densities using Brazilian Real currency options

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Fajardo

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper uses the Liu et al. (2007 approach to estimate the optionimplied Risk-Neutral Densities (RND, real-world density (RWD, and relative risk aversion from the Brazilian Real/US Dollar exchange rate distribution. Our empirical application uses a sample of exchange-traded Brazilian Real currency options from 1999 to 2011. Our estimated value of the relative risk aversion is around 2.7, which is in line with other articles for the Brazilian Economy. Our out-of-sample results showed that the RND has some ability to forecast the Brazilian Real exchange rate, but when we incorporate the risk aversion, the out-of-sample performance improves substantially.

  7. The touch of the real. Il New Historicism e il potere del reale psichiatrico in Foucault

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VARRICCHIO, Francesco

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available [The touch of the real. The New Historicism and the power of the psychiatric real in Foucault] What is the meaning of “touch of the real”? This paper connects the new historicist Greenblatt’s phrase to Foucault’s use of the term real during his lecture course on psychiatric power. According to New Historicism, influenced by the French philosopher’s thought, representation links to reality; but this reality is imbued with power relations. Throughout his course, Foucault repeteadly argues that therapeutic asylum imposes on subjectified bodiesthe reality of power and the power of reality thanks to a disciplinary technology. The constant visibility produces individuals also in other fields of the social and institutional life, in which the Panopticon principle is effective. The real springs from this mechanism and its representation.

  8. Technical Qualifications for Treating Photovoltaic Assets as Real Property by Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feldman, D.; Mendelsohn, M.; Coughlin, J.

    2012-06-01

    It has been proposed that Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) have the potential to lower the cost and increase the adoption of photovoltaic systems (PV) by offering a more attractive source of capital. The purpose of this paper is to explain the fundamental physical characteristics of PV and compare them to the characteristics of 'real' property, to help determine whether REITs can own PV systems.

  9. Real-world ballistics: A dropped bucket

    CERN Document Server

    Hogg, David W

    2007-01-01

    I discuss an apparently simple ballistics problem: the time it takes an object to fall a small vertical distance near the surface of the Earth. It turns out to be not so simple; I spend a great deal of time on the quantitative assessment of the assumptions involved, especially with regards to the influence of the air. The point is \\emph{not} to solve the problem; indeed I don't even end up solving the problem exactly. I introduce dimensional analysis to perform all of the calculations approximately. The principal theme of the lecture is that \\emph{real} physics can be very different from ``textbook'' physics, since in the real world you aren't ever told what equations are appropriate, or why.

  10. Collecting data in real time with postcards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    The success of information technology (IT) in transforming healthcare is often limited by the lack of clear understanding of the context at which the technology is used. Various methods have been proposed to understand healthcare context better in designing and implementing Health Information...... Systems. These methods often involve cross-sectional, retrospective data collection. This paper describes the postcard method for prospective real-time data collection, both in paper format and electronic format. This paper then describes the results obtained using postcard techniques in Denmark...... and Australia. The benefits of this technique are illustrated. There are limitations in using postcard techniques and this paper provides a detail discussion about these limitations. Postcard techniques provide unique advantages in understanding real time healthcare context and it is an important technique...

  11. Real-Time Watercolor for Animation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Thomas Luft; Oliver Deussen

    2006-01-01

    We present algorithms that allow for real-time rendering of 3D-scenes with a watercolor painting appearance. Our approach provides an appropriate simplification of the visual complexity, imitates characteristic natural effects of watercolor, and provides two essential painting techniques: the wet-on-wet and the wet-on-dry painting. We concentrate on efficient algorithms based on image space processing rather than on an exact simulation. This allows for the real-time rendering of 3D-scenes. During an animation a high frame-to-frame coherence can be achieved due to a stable segmentation scheme. Finally, we seamlessly integrate a smooth illumination into the watercolor renderings using information from the 3D-scene.

  12. Real estate space-territorial development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarchenko Vladimir Ivanovich

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Urbanization is one of the main sustainable tendencies of modern development. The contemporary state of real estate structure is characterized by high level of heterogeneity. In general, the consolidated design document of Moscow urban development, reconstruction and other forms of developing city territories doesn’t take into account the main tendencies of social and economic development, change of scales and structure of city production capacities, priorities of national economy development, or demand particularities, traditional and perspective preferences of citizens of different categories. The article focuses on systematization of basics of real estate space-territorial development strategic analysis. The author analyses the essence of analytical methods, their purpose, levels and analysis projections. The article emphasizes the estimation of economic effectiveness and revelation of urban environment development reserves.

  13. Real Time Radiation Exposure And Health Risks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Shaowen; Barzilla, Janet E.; Semones, Edward J.

    2015-01-01

    Radiation from solar particle events (SPEs) poses a serious threat to future manned missions outside of low Earth orbit (LEO). Accurate characterization of the radiation environment in the inner heliosphere and timely monitoring the health risks to crew are essential steps to ensure the safety of future Mars missions. In this project we plan to develop an approach that can use the particle data from multiple satellites and perform near real-time simulations of radiation exposure and health risks for various exposure scenarios. Time-course profiles of dose rates will be calculated with HZETRN and PDOSE from the energy spectrum and compositions of the particles archived from satellites, and will be validated from recent radiation exposure measurements in space. Real-time estimation of radiation risks will be investigated using ARRBOD. This cross discipline integrated approach can improve risk mitigation by providing critical information for risk assessment and medical guidance to crew during SPEs.

  14. Modeling Leaves Based on Real Image

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAO Yu-kun; LI Yun-feng; ZHU Qing-sheng; LIU Yin-bin

    2004-01-01

    Plants have complex structures. The shape of a plant component is vital for capturing the characteristics of a species. One of the challenges in computer graphics is to create geometry of objects in an intuitive and direct way while allowing interactive manipulation of the resulting shapes. In this paper,an interactive method for modeling leaves based on real image is proposed using biological data for individual plants. The modeling process begins with a one-dimensional analogue of implicit surfaces,from which a 2D silhouette of a leaf is generated based on image segmentation. The silhouette skeleton is thus obtained. Feature parameters of the leaf are extracted based on biologically experimental data, and the obtained leaf structure is then modified by comparing the synthetic result with the real leaf so as to make the leaf structure more realistic. Finally, the leaf mesh is constructed by sweeps.

  15. Monte Carlo study of real time dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Alexandru, Andrei; Bedaque, Paulo F; Vartak, Sohan; Warrington, Neill C

    2016-01-01

    Monte Carlo studies involving real time dynamics are severely restricted by the sign problem that emerges from highly oscillatory phase of the path integral. In this letter, we present a new method to compute real time quantities on the lattice using the Schwinger-Keldysh formalism via Monte Carlo simulations. The key idea is to deform the path integration domain to a complex manifold where the phase oscillations are mild and the sign problem is manageable. We use the previously introduced "contraction algorithm" to create a Markov chain on this alternative manifold. We substantiate our approach by analyzing the quantum mechanical anharmonic oscillator. Our results are in agreement with the exact ones obtained by diagonalization of the Hamiltonian. The method we introduce is generic and in principle applicable to quantum field theory albeit very slow. We discuss some possible improvements that should speed up the algorithm.

  16. Real time PCR. Application in dengue studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeanette Prada-Arismendy

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available PCR (polymerase chain reaction is a routinely used tool in every diagnostic and research laboratory. This technique has been used in detection of mutations and pathogens, forensic investigation, and even is the base tool for human genome sequencing. A modification of PCR technique, real time PCR, allows the quantification of nucleic acids with higher sensibility, specificity and reproducibility. This article is intended to clarify the foundations of real-time PCR, using an application model for virology. In the actual work, it was quantified the viral load of dengue virus serotype 2 produced from infected murine macrophages; the obtained results in this work established that murine strain BALB/c presents a greater susceptibility to dengue virus infection, which establishes BALB/c murine strain as a best model of study for investigation of dengue virus infection physiopathology.

  17. Hidden geometric correlations in real multiplex networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleineberg, Kaj-Kolja; Boguñá, Marián; Ángeles Serrano, M.; Papadopoulos, Fragkiskos

    2016-11-01

    Real networks often form interacting parts of larger and more complex systems. Examples can be found in different domains, ranging from the Internet to structural and functional brain networks. Here, we show that these multiplex systems are not random combinations of single network layers. Instead, they are organized in specific ways dictated by hidden geometric correlations between the layers. We find that these correlations are significant in different real multiplexes, and form a key framework for answering many important questions. Specifically, we show that these geometric correlations facilitate the definition and detection of multidimensional communities, which are sets of nodes that are simultaneously similar in multiple layers. They also enable accurate trans-layer link prediction, meaning that connections in one layer can be predicted by observing the hidden geometric space of another layer. And they allow efficient targeted navigation in the multilayer system using only local knowledge, outperforming navigation in the single layers only if the geometric correlations are sufficiently strong.

  18. Characteristic polynomials in real Ginibre ensembles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Akemann, G; Phillips, M J [Department of Mathematical Sciences and BURSt Research Centre, Brunel University West London, UB8 3PH Uxbridge (United Kingdom); Sommers, H-J [Fachbereich Physik, Universitaet Duisburg-Essen, 47048 Duisburg (Germany)], E-mail: Gernot.Akemann@brunel.ac.uk, E-mail: Michael.Phillips@brunel.ac.uk, E-mail: H.J.Sommers@uni-due.de

    2009-01-09

    We calculate the average of two characteristic polynomials for the real Ginibre ensemble of asymmetric random matrices, and its chiral counterpart. Considered as quadratic forms they determine a skew-symmetric kernel from which all complex eigenvalue correlations can be derived. Our results are obtained in a very simple fashion without going to an eigenvalue representation, and are completely new in the chiral case. They hold for Gaussian ensembles which are partly symmetric, with kernels given in terms of Hermite and Laguerre polynomials respectively, depending on an asymmetry parameter. This allows us to interpolate between the maximally asymmetric real Ginibre and the Gaussian orthogonal ensemble, as well as their chiral counterparts. (fast track communication)

  19. AMON: Transition to real-time operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowen, D. F.; Keivani, A.; Tešić, G.

    2016-04-01

    The Astrophysical Multimessenger Observatory Network (AMON) will link the world's leading high-energy neutrino, cosmic-ray, gamma-ray and gravitational wave observatories by performing real-time coincidence searches for multimessenger sources from observatories' subthreshold data streams. The resulting coincidences will be distributed to interested parties in the form of electronic alerts for real-time follow-up observation. We will present the science case, design elements, current and projected partner observatories, status of the AMON project, and an initial AMON-enabled analysis. The prototype of the AMON server has been online since August 2014 and processing archival data. Currently, we are deploying new high-uptime servers and will be ready to start issuing alerts as early as winter 2015/16.

  20. System Equivalent for Real Time Digital Simulator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Xi

    2011-07-01

    The purpose of this research is to develop a method of making system equivalents for the Real Time Digital Simulator (RTDS), which should enhance its capability of simulating large power systems. The proposed equivalent combines a Frequency Dependent Network Equivalent (FDNE) for the high frequency electromagnetic transients and a Transient Stability Analysis (TSA) type simulation block for the electromechanical transients. The frequency dependent characteristic for FDNE is obtained by curve-fitting frequency domain admittance characteristics using the Vector Fitting method. An approach for approximating the frequency dependent characteristic of large power networks from readily available typical power-flow data is also introduced. A new scheme of incorporating TSA solution in RTDS is proposed. This report shows how the TSA algorithm can be adapted to a real time platform. The validity of this method is confirmed with examples, including the study of a multi in-feed HVDC system based network.