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Sample records for banded mongooses mungos

  1. The foraging ecology of banded mongooses (Mungos mungo): Epidemiological and human-wildlife conflict implications

    OpenAIRE

    Laver, Peter Norman

    2013-01-01

    Free-ranging banded mongooses (Mungos mungo) in northeastern Botswana are infected by a novel Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex pathogen, M. mungi, which putatively infects mongooses through lesions in the skin (often the planum nasale) from an environmental reservoir. To understand the epidemiology of the yearly and highly seasonal outbreaks of M. mungi in this population of banded mongooses, researchers need to understand what factors influence banded mongoose exposure to M. mungi and band...

  2. Do not feed the wildlife: associations between garbage use, aggression, and disease in banded mongooses (Mungos mungo).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flint, Bonnie Fairbanks; Hawley, Dana M; Alexander, Kathleen A

    2016-08-01

    Urbanization and other human modifications of the landscape may indirectly affect disease dynamics by altering host behavior in ways that influence pathogen transmission. Few opportunities arise to investigate behaviorally mediated effects of human habitat modification in natural host-pathogen systems, but we provide a potential example of this phenomenon in banded mongooses (Mungos mungo), a social mammal. Our banded mongoose study population in Botswana is endemically infected with a novel Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex pathogen, M. mungi, that primarily invades the mongoose host through the nasal planum and breaks in the skin. In this system, several study troops have access to human garbage sites and other modified landscapes for foraging. Banded mongooses in our study site (N = 4 troops, ~130 individuals) had significantly higher within-troop aggression levels when foraging in garbage compared to other foraging habitats. Second, monthly rates of aggression were a significant predictor of monthly number of injuries in troops. Finally, injured individuals had a 75% incidence of clinical tuberculosis (TB) compared to a 0% incidence in visibly uninjured mongooses during the study period. Our data suggest that mongoose troops that forage in garbage may be at greater risk of acquiring TB by incurring injuries that may allow for pathogen invasion. Our study suggests the need to consider the indirect effects of garbage on behavior and wildlife health when developing waste management approaches in human-modified areas. PMID:27547366

  3. Strategic adjustment of begging effort by banded mongoose pups

    OpenAIRE

    Bell, Matthew B.V

    2008-01-01

    Variation in the intensity of conspicuous displays raises three basic questions: (i) the relationship between internal state and display intensity, (ii) the relationship between display intensity and receiver response, and (iii) the effect of variation in receiver responsiveness on signaller behaviour. Here, I investigate the interaction between pups and helpers in the communally breeding banded mongoose (Mungos mungo), where each pup forms an exclusive relationship with a single adult helper...

  4. Reproductive competition triggers mass eviction in cooperative banded mongooses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Faye J; Marshall, Harry H; Sanderson, Jennifer L; Vitikainen, Emma I K; Nichols, Hazel J; Gilchrist, Jason S; Young, Andrew J; Hodge, Sarah J; Cant, Michael A

    2016-03-16

    In many vertebrate societies, forced eviction of group members is an important determinant of population structure, but little is known about what triggers eviction. Three main explanations are: (i) the reproductive competition hypothesis, (ii) the coercion of cooperation hypothesis, and (iii) the adaptive forced dispersal hypothesis. The last hypothesis proposes that dominant individuals use eviction as an adaptive strategy to propagate copies of their alleles through a highly structured population. We tested these hypotheses as explanations for eviction in cooperatively breeding banded mongooses (Mungos mungo), using a 16-year dataset on life history, behaviour and relatedness. In this species, groups of females, or mixed-sex groups, are periodically evicted en masse. Our evidence suggests that reproductive competition is the main ultimate trigger for eviction for both sexes. We find little evidence that mass eviction is used to coerce helping, or as a mechanism to force dispersal of relatives into the population. Eviction of females changes the landscape of reproductive competition for remaining males, which may explain why males are evicted alongside females. Our results show that the consequences of resolving within-group conflict resonate through groups and populations to affect population structure, with important implications for social evolution. PMID:26936245

  5. Female reproductive competition explains variation in prenatal investment in wild banded mongooses

    OpenAIRE

    Emma L. Inzani; Marshall, Harry H.; Sanderson, Jennifer L.; Nichols, Hazel J.; Faye J. Thompson; Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka; Sarah J. Hodge; Cant, Michael A.; Emma I.K. Vitikainen

    2016-01-01

    Female intrasexual competition is intense in cooperatively breeding species where offspring compete locally for resources and helpers. In mammals, females have been proposed to adjust prenatal investment according to the intensity of competition in the postnatal environment (a form of ‘predictive adaptive response’; PAR). We carried out a test of this hypothesis using ultrasound scanning of wild female banded mongooses in Uganda. In this species multiple females give birth together to a commu...

  6. Mongoose for application development

    CERN Document Server

    Holmes, Simon

    2013-01-01

    This book is a mini tutorial full of code examples and strategies to give you plenty of options when building your own applications with MongoDB.This book is ideal for people who want to develop applications on the Node.js stack quickly and efficiently. Prior knowledge of the stack is not essential as the book briefly covers the installation of the core components and builds all aspects of the example application. The focus of the book is on what Mongoose adds to you applications, so experienced Node.js developers will also benefit.

  7. Water Mongoose Atilax Paludinosus in the Tsitsikamma Coastal National Park

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. J. M Crawford

    1982-11-01

    Full Text Available In a catalogue of 38 mammals recorded from the Tsitsikamma Coastal and Forest National Parks, Robinson (1976, Koedoe 19: 145-152 mentions only one type of mongoose, the Cape grey mongoose Herpestes pulverulentus. However, Stuart (1981, Bontebok 1: 1-58 also includes the water mongoose Atila-x paludinosus. His list of mammalian carnivores occurring in the Tsitsikamma National Parks other- wise agrees with that of Robinson.

  8. Exposure to Rabies in Small Indian Mongooses (Herpestes auropunctatus) from Two Regions in Puerto Rico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berentsen, Are R; Johnson, Shylo R; Gilbert, Amy T; VerCauteren, Kurt C

    2015-10-01

    The small Indian mongoose (Herpestes auropunctatus) was introduced to several Caribbean Islands to control rat (Rattus spp.) damage to sugarcane plantations. Mongooses failed at suppressing rat populations and are now considered pests throughout most of their introduced range. Importantly, mongooses are rabies reservoirs on several Caribbean Islands. In Puerto Rico, mongooses have been implicated in up to 70% of reported animal rabies cases. There is no rabies vaccination program for wildlife in Puerto Rico, and data on rabies in mongooses are limited. We conducted a serosurvey of mongooses in two different ecologic environments in Puerto Rico: El Yunque National Forest and Cabo Rojo National Wildlife Refuge. We collected 119 serum samples from 112 mongooses, 44 (39.3%) of which were positive for rabies virus-neutralizing antibodies. We also collected oral swabs from 147 mongooses, including 88 from which we also collected serum. No oral swabs were positive for rabies virus RNA. Our data support previous research suggesting rabies virus is circulating within the mongoose population on Puerto Rico. PMID:26251987

  9. CHROMIUM INDUCED CYTOTOXICITY IN BLACKGRAM (VIGNA MUNGO L.)

    OpenAIRE

    A. Chidambaram ، P. Sundaramoorthy ، A. Murugan ، K. Sankar Ganesh ، L. Baskaran

    2009-01-01

    Chromium is known to be highly toxic to biological systems. This study was designed to determine the mutagenic effects of different concentrations (0, 10, 25, 50, 100 and 200 mg/L) of hexavalent chromium on root tip cells of blackgram (Vigna mungo L. Hepper). The blackgram seeds were equi-spacially arranged in sterilized petriplates lined with filter paper and they were treated with different concentrations of chromium solution. In germination studies, the morphological growth parameters such...

  10. Micropropagation and production of camptothecin form in vitro plants of Ophiorrhiza mungos

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    A. G. Namdeo; Priya T.; B. B. Bhosale

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To explore the biotechnological potential of Ophiorrhiza mungos for micropropagation and camptothecin (CPT) production from in vitro grown plants.Methods: Surface sterilized explants of O. mungos were transferred aseptically in MS media containing various combinations of phytohormones for callus initiation and multiple shoot proliferation. The content of CPT was quantified in the methanolic extract of O. mungos plants and in in vitro grown plants by using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Results: Maximum fresh weight and dry weight biomass of O. mungos callus was obtained from MS medium supplemented with IAA (2 ppm)+ BAP (2 ppm) + GA (1 ppm). The maximum shoot proliferation (25) and elongation (6.5 cm) was found in MS medium supplemented with Picloram + Thidiazuron + Gibberellic Acid in 1:2:1 ratio after four weeks of incubation. The maximum content of CPT (0.0768 % w/w) was found in wholein vitro plants whereas the minimum CPT was observed in adventitious buds (0.0026 % w/w) as compared to the naturally grown O. mungos plants (0.0030% w/w).Conclusions: Present findings indicate that O. mungos plants respond favourably for in vitro propagation and also produce higher amount of CPT as compared to naturally grown plants.

  11. Genetic analysis of hybridization and introgression between wild mongoose and brown lemurs

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    Nievergelt Caroline M

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Hybrid zones generally represent areas of secondary contact after speciation. The nature of the interaction between genes of individuals in a hybrid zone is of interest in the study of evolutionary processes. In this study, data from nuclear microsatellites and mitochondrial DNA sequences were used to genetically characterize hybridization between wild mongoose lemurs (Eulemur mongoz and brown lemurs (E. fulvus at Anjamena in west Madagascar. Results Two segments of mtDNA have been sequenced and 12 microsatellite loci screened in 162 brown lemurs and mongoose lemurs. Among the mongoose lemur population at Anjamena, we identified two F1 hybrids (one also having the mtDNA haplotype of E. fulvus and six other individuals with putative introgressed alleles in their genotype. Principal component analysis groups both hybrids as intermediate between E. mongoz and E. fulvus and admixture analyses revealed an admixed genotype for both animals. Paternity testing proved one F1 hybrid to be fertile. Of the eight brown lemurs genotyped, all have either putative introgressed microsatellite alleles and/or the mtDNA haplotype of E. mongoz. Conclusion Introgression is bidirectional for the two species, with an indication that it is more frequent in brown lemurs than in mongoose lemurs. We conclude that this hybridization occurs because mongoose lemurs have expanded their range relatively recently. Introgressive hybridization may play an important role in the unique lemur radiation, as has already been shown in other rapidly evolving animals.

  12. DEVELOPMENTAL CHANGES IN THE GERMINATION, GROWTH AND CHLOROPHYLLASE ACTIVITY OF VIGNA MUNGO L. USING SEAWEED EXTRACT OF ULVA RETICULATA FORSSKAL.

    OpenAIRE

    Ganapathy Selvam G.; Balamurugan M.; Thinakaran T.; Sivakumar K

    2013-01-01

    The effect of seaweed extract prepared from Ulva reticulata on seed germination, seedling growth and chlorophyllase activity of Vigna mungo L. was studied. 100% germination was recorded in the seeds treated with lower concentration of seaweed extract. The V. mungo seeds soaked with lower concentrations of the seaweed extracts showed higher rates of germination, while the higher concentrations of the extracts inhibited the germination.

  13. Scent-marking and intrasexual competition in a cooperative carnivore with low reproductive skew

    OpenAIRE

    Müller, C. A.; Manser, M B

    2008-01-01

    Most mammals scent-mark and a variety of hypotheses have been put forward to explain this behaviour. Differences in the main function of scent-marking between species are likely to be related to differences in social systems. Here, we investigate the functions of scent-marking in a cooperatively breeding carnivore. In the banded mongoose (Mungos mungo), individuals of both sexes commonly breed in their natal group and reproductive skew within groups is low. Using experimental scent-mark prese...

  14. Endemic Marsh Mongoose Herpestes palustris (Carnivora: Herpestidae of East Kolkata Wetlands, India: a status report

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    J.K. Mallick

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Marsh Mongoose Herpestes palustris is the only extant endemic mammal of the East Kolkata wetlands, which has been declared a RAMSAR site in 2002. Since its first description by the scientists of the Zoological Survey of India, the population of this species has dwindled to an alarming state due to reclamation of the Salt Lake City and Rajarhat expansion, as well as from other anthropogenic causes. Recently, during a field survey only a small population of this endangered mongoose was found in a single location. Immediate conservation measures are required to be taken by the concerned authorities to stop its probable extinction in the near future.

  15. Growth Response of Two Phaseolus mungo L. Cultivars Induced by Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Trichoderma viride

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    Navnita Sharma

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The present investigation aimed to quantify the difference in response of two Phaseolus mungo L. cultivars (i.e., UH-1 and IPU-94-1 to Glomus mosseae (G, that is, Funneliformis mosseae, Acaulospora laevis (A, and Trichoderma viride (T, in different combinations or alone. All the treatments were inoculated with Bradyrhizobium japonicum to ensure nodulation as soil used in the experiment was sterilized. After 120 days of inoculation, plants were analyzed for chlorophyll content, nodulation, mycorrhization, leaf area, and protein content. Results indicate variation in growth response of two cultivars with different treatments. Triple inoculation of plants with G + A + T proved to be the best treatment for growth followed by G + T in both cultivars. Our work allowed the selection of P. mungo L. cultivar UH-1 as highly mycorrhizal responsive as compared to IPU-94-1 and G. mosseae to be an efficient bioinoculant as compared to A. laevis for growth enhancement of P. mungo. Further characterization of P. mungo genotypes will enhance our knowledge of physiological and genetic mechanism behind increase in plant growth and yield due to AM symbiosis.

  16. DEVELOPMENTAL CHANGES IN THE GERMINATION, GROWTH AND CHLOROPHYLLASE ACTIVITY OF VIGNA MUNGO L. USING SEAWEED EXTRACT OF ULVA RETICULATA FORSSKAL.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ganapathy Selvam G.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The effect of seaweed extract prepared from Ulva reticulata on seed germination, seedling growth and chlorophyllase activity of Vigna mungo L. was studied. 100% germination was recorded in the seeds treated with lower concentration of seaweed extract. The V. mungo seeds soaked with lower concentrations of the seaweed extracts showed higher rates of germination, while the higher concentrations of the extracts inhibited the germination.

  17. Estimation of camptothecin and pharmacological evaluation of Ophiorrhiza prostrata D. Don and Ophiorrhiza mungos L.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Krishnakumar G; Rameshkumar KB; Priya Srinivas; Satheeshkumar K; Krishnan PN

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To carry out the qualitative and quantitative evaluation of camptothecin, estimation of total phenolic compounds and evaluation of in vitro antioxidant activity and cytotoxic activity of Ophiorrhiza prostrata and Ophiorrhiza mungos. Methods: Direct Analysis in Real Time- Mass Spectrometry (DART-MS) was employed for the detection of camptothecin in the Ophiorrhiza species, while high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) was used for the estimation of camptothecin. Total phenolic compounds were estimated by modified Folins-Ciocalteu’s reagent method. Antioxidant activity was evaluated through DPPH radical, hydroxyl radical, superoxide radical scavenging assays and reducing power assay. The cytotoxicity evaluation was performed using MTT assay on MCF-7 cell lines. Results: The presence of camptothecin was confirmed in both the species by the [M++H] peak at 349 by DART-MS analysis. Camptothecin content was estimated as 1.47 μg/gm (dry wt) in O. prostrata and 188.60 μg/gm (dry wt) in O.mungos using HPTLC method. The moderate in vitro antioxidant activities of the methanol extracts corroborates with the low content of phenolic compounds in O. prostrata (9.88 GAE mg/g) and O. mungos (12.73 GAE mg/g). The methanol extract of O. prostrata exhibited remarkable cytotoxicity on human breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7), with IC50 value 1.10μg/mL compared to O. mungos (3.48μg/mL) and standard camptothecin (3.51μg/mL). Conclusions: The application of DART-MS proved to be a simple and rapid technique for the detection of camptothecin in Ophiorrhiza species. The higher cytotoxicity for O. prostrata, despite the low content of camptothecin suggests the presence of other potential cytotoxic compounds in O. prostrata.

  18. Fish otolith geochemistry, environmental conditions and human occupation at Lake Mungo, Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Kelsie; Stern, Nicola; Williams, Ian S.; Kinsley, Les; Wood, Rachel; Sporcic, Katarina; Smith, Tegan; Fallon, Stewart; Kokkonen, Harri; Moffat, Ian; Grün, Rainer

    2014-03-01

    Fish otoliths from the Willandra Lakes Region World Heritage Area (south-western New South Wales, Australia) have been analysed for oxygen isotopes and trace elements using in situ techniques, and dated by radiocarbon. The study focused on the lunettes of Lake Mungo, an overflow lake that only filled during flooding events and emptied by evaporation, and Lake Mulurulu, which was part of the running Willandra Creek system. Samples were collected from two different contexts: from hearths directly associated with human activity, and isolated surface finds. AMS radiocarbon dating constrains the human activity documented by five different hearths to a time span of less than 240 years around 19,350 cal. BP. These hearths were constructed in aeolian sediments with alternating clay and sand layers, indicative of fluctuating lake levels and occasional drying out. The geochemistry of the otoliths confirms this scenario, with shifts in Sr/Ca and Ba/Ca marking the entry of the fish into Lake Mungo several years before their death, and a subsequent increase in the δ18O by ˜4‰ indicating increasing evaporation of the lake. During sustained lake-full conditions there are considerably fewer traces of human presence. It seems that the evaporating Lake Mungo attracted people to harvest fish that might have become sluggish through oxygen starvation in an increasingly saline water body (easy prey hypothesis). In contrast, surface finds have a much wider range in radiocarbon age as a result of reworking, and do not necessarily indicate evaporative conditions, as shown by comparison with otoliths from upstream Lake Mulurulu.

  19. Evaluation of anti-osteoarthritic activity of Vigna mungo in papain induced osteoarthritis model

    OpenAIRE

    Patel, Dhaval V.; Mrunal Ghag Sawant; Ginpreet Kaur

    2015-01-01

    Aim: This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of Vigna mungo hydroalcoholic extract (VMHA) by papain induced osteoarthritis (OA) in the rat model. Materials and Methods: OA was induced by intra-articular injection of papain (4% w/v) along with cysteine (0.03 M) on day 1, 4 and 7 in rats and VMHA was administered orally in three doses (100, 200 and 400 mg/kg) after last papain injection. The anti-osteoarthritic activity was evaluated by measuring knee joint diameter, grip strength...

  20. Antioxidant Status of Vigna mungo L. in Response to Sulfur Nutrition

    OpenAIRE

    Neelam Chandra; Nalini Pandey

    2014-01-01

    Black gram (Vigna mungo L. var. DPU-88-31), an edible legume, was grown at 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 meq S L−1 to study the effect of deficient and excess level of sulfur on oxidative metabolism. Plants supplied by 4 meq S L−1 showed optimum yield. Sulfur deficient plants (1 and 2 meq S L−1) showed reduction in growth and chlorosis of young leaves. Tissue sulfur and cysteine concentration was increased with increasing sulfur supply. The thresholds for critical concentration of sulfur deficiency and t...

  1. Gamma ray induced physiological variabilities in black gram (Vigna mungo L. )

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ram Mohan Rao, S.; Rao, D. (Kakatiya Univ., Warangal (India). Dept. of Botany)

    1983-06-01

    Various doses of gamma rays were used to irradiate dry seeds of Vigna mungo. 20KR induced increased seedling growth and lateral root number, while the 60 KR reduced them. Fresh and dry weights of whole seedlings were retarded with increasing dose rate. However, more fresh and dry weight values were recorded in the 20 KR treatment. Plant height, number of nodes, internodal length and yield were found to be favourably induced in the lower dose while in the higher doses particularly in 50 and 60 KR there was a reduction. But a reverse situation was found regarding chlorophyll metabolism in the foliage leaves.

  2. Small Indian mongoose (Herpestes auropunctatus in Iran: first evidence for the infection with Spirura sp. (Nematoda: Spiruridae

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    10.12980/JCLM.2.2014APJTB-2014-0162

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To investigate the infection with gastrointestinal helminthes in small Indian mongooses (Herpestes auropunctatus and its epidemiologic aspects in Iran. Methods: During June 2012 to July 2013, a total of 13 small Indian mongooses were caught using live trap boxes in an area located near Shiraz, southern of Iran. Captured animals were euthanized, eviscerated and parts of the alimentary tract were inspected. Two mongooses showed a nematode attached to the mucosa of the stomach. Results: According to the main morphological characteristics, the specimens belonged to the genus Spirura (Blanchard 1849. This study represents the first evidences of the infection with Spirura sp. in Herpestes auropunctatus in the world. Conclusions: Because the animal can invade and appear in the habitat of the other animal populations including omnivores or carnivores, it seems that mongooses in this area could have a high potential for the transmission of the infection with the spirurid nematodes to a large range of animals. Thus, besides the necessity of conducting the controlling programs, autochthonous dogs, cats and rodents should be included in more epidemiological studies in this region.

  3. Thermoluminescence dates for the Lake Mungo aboriginal fireplaces and the implications for radiocarbon dating

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During the Quaternary period in Australia large areas of western New South Wales and northern Victoria were covered by hundreds of lakes, both large and small. Nearly all are dry today but some may still be recognized by the long low dunes that follow the eastern shorelines. Many traces of early human occupation have been found along the shorelines of nearly all the major lakes and some of the best exposures have occurred on the lunette along the eastern shore of Lake Mungo. This lunette, has suffered massive erosion in recent times and this has uncovered the sites of many ancient fireplaces. Charcoal from some of these fireplaces has been dated by Barbetti and Polach (1973) using the radiocarbon method and the ages place the lakeside dwellers at Mungo in an area of Australian prehistory around 30 000 years ago. The baked sediment from below the fireplaces appears to have been heated to a temperature in excess of 400oC according to archaeomagnetic studies carried out by Barbetti (1973) and this indicated that the fireplaces might lend themselves to the technique of thermoluminescence (TL) dating. The results of the TL dating programme are described elsewhere. (author)

  4. Impact of the introduced small Indian mongoose (Herpestes auropunctatus on abundance and activity time of the introduced ship rat (Rattus rattus and the small mammal community on Adriatic islands, Croatia

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    Arijana Barun

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The small Indian mongoose (Herpestes auropunctatus is one of the world’s 100 worst invasive species (IUCN 2000. It has negative impacts on several small mammals on islands where it was introduced. We assess the abundance of small mammal populations and the activity time of introduced ship rats (Rattus rattus on three mongoose-infested and three mongoose-free islands in the Adriatic Sea, Croatia. We set up three transects on each island with a trapping system consisting of 30 small live traps to capture small mammals under 30 grams and 30 larger traps to capture ship rats and mongooses, on each transect. Our results support an already large but mostly speculative literature that suggests inability of the small Indian mongoose to reduce high abundances of introduced R. rattus. Further, we suggest that the low abundance of native small mammals is probably not solely caused by the mongoose but also by high R. rattus populations on all six islands. In addition, we provide evidence that R. rattus has changed its activity time to become more nocturnal on mongoose-infested islands, possibly to avoid predation by the mongoose. As R. rattus became more nocturnal, the diurnal mongoose may have become the main predator on amphibians, reptiles, and poultry.

  5. Modulation of some quantitative and qualitative characteristics in rice (Oryza sativa L.) and mung (Phaseolus mungo L.) by ionizing radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present work describes radiation-induced effects on some morphological characters of a cereal and a pulse-producing crop in India. 6Co gamma source is used for irradiating (from 50 to 350 Gy) the rice (Oryza sativa L., Cv-2233) and mung (Phaseolus mungo L.). Irradiation at lower doses of gamma rays effectively influences improving the morphological traits like seedling/plant height, tiller number, panicle number, panicle length, seed per panicle, seed per pod, pod length, pod number, while exposure at higher doses results in depletion of such parameters. Effective stimulatory dose for Oryza sativa L. Cv-2233 is 50 Gy and that for Phaseolus mungo L. is 200 Gy. Significance of such stimulation correlated with yielding ability of the plant concerned is discussed in the light of newer aspects in agricultural research

  6. Modulation of some quantitative and qualitative characteristics in rice (Oryza sativa L.) and mung (Phaseolus mungo L.) by ionizing radiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maity, J.P. [Department of Atomic Energy Facilities, Inter University Consortium, Calcutta Center, 3/LB-8, Salt Lake, Calcutta 98, WB (India); Mishra, D. [Department of Atomic Energy Facilities, Inter University Consortium, Calcutta Center, 3/LB-8, Salt Lake, Calcutta 98, WB (India); Chakraborty, A. [Department of Atomic Energy Facilities, Inter University Consortium, Calcutta Center, 3/LB-8, Salt Lake, Calcutta 98, WB (India)]. E-mail: ani@alpha.iuc.res.in; Saha, A. [Department of Atomic Energy Facilities, Inter University Consortium, Calcutta Center, 3/LB-8, Salt Lake, Calcutta 98, WB (India); Santra, S.C. [Department of Environmental Science, University of Kalyani, Nadia 741235, WB (India); Chanda, S. [Center for Study of Man and Environment, CK-11, Sector -II, Salt Lake, Calcutta 91, WB (India)

    2005-12-15

    The present work describes radiation-induced effects on some morphological characters of a cereal and a pulse-producing crop in India. {sup 6}Co gamma source is used for irradiating (from 50 to 350 Gy) the rice (Oryza sativa L., Cv-2233) and mung (Phaseolus mungo L.). Irradiation at lower doses of gamma rays effectively influences improving the morphological traits like seedling/plant height, tiller number, panicle number, panicle length, seed per panicle, seed per pod, pod length, pod number, while exposure at higher doses results in depletion of such parameters. Effective stimulatory dose for Oryza sativa L. Cv-2233 is 50 Gy and that for Phaseolus mungo L. is 200 Gy. Significance of such stimulation correlated with yielding ability of the plant concerned is discussed in the light of newer aspects in agricultural research.

  7. Identification and expression profiling of Vigna mungo microRNAs from leaf small RNA transcriptome by deep sequencing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sujay Paul; Anirban Kundu; Amita Pal

    2014-01-01

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) represent a class of small non-coding RNA molecules that play a crucial role in post-transcriptional gene regulation. Several conserved and species-specific miRNAs have been characterized to date, predominantly from the plant species whose genome is well characterized. However, information on the variability of these regulatory RNAs in economically important but genetically less characterized crop species are limited. Vigna mungo is an important grain legume, which is grown primarily for its protein-rich edible seeds. miRNAs from this species have not been identified to date due to lack of genome sequence information. To identify miRNAs from V. mungo, a small RNA library was constructed from young leaves. High-throughput Illumina sequencing technology and bioinformat-ic analysis of the small RNA reads led to the identification of 66 miRNA loci represented by 45 conserved miRNAs belonging to 19 families and eight non-conserved miRNAs belonging to seven families. Besides, 13 novel miRNA candidates in V. mungo were also identified. Expression patterns of selected conserved, non-conserved, and novel miRNA candidates have been demonstrated in leaf, stem, and root tissues by quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and potential target genes were predicted for most of the conserved miRNAs. This information offers genomic resour-ces for better understanding of miRNA mediated post-transcriptional gene regulation.

  8. Identification and expression profiling of Vigna mungo microRNAs from leaf small RNA transcriptome by deep sequencing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paul, Sujay; Kundu, Anirban; Pal, Amita

    2014-01-01

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) represent a class of small non-coding RNA molecules that play a crucial role in post-transcriptional gene regulation. Several conserved and species-specific miRNAs have been characterized to date, predominantly from the plant species whose genome is well characterized. However, information on the variability of these regulatory RNAs in economically important but genetically less characterized crop species are limited. Vigna mungo is an important grain legume, which is grown primarily for its protein-rich edible seeds. miRNAs from this species have not been identified to date due to lack of genome sequence information. To identify miRNAs from V. mungo, a small RNA library was constructed from young leaves. High-throughput Illumina sequencing technology and bioinformatic analysis of the small RNA reads led to the identification of 66 miRNA loci represented by 45 conserved miRNAs belonging to 19 families and eight non-conserved miRNAs belonging to seven families. Besides, 13 novel miRNA candidates in V. mungo were also identified. Expression patterns of selected conserved, non-conserved, and novel miRNA candidates have been demonstrated in leaf, stem, and root tissues by quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and potential target genes were predicted for most of the conserved miRNAs. This information offers genomic resources for better understanding of miRNA mediated post-transcriptional gene regulation. PMID:24138283

  9. Effect of simulated acid rain (sar) on some morphochemical aspects of mash (vigna mungo l.)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The studies were conducted to evaluate the effect of simulated acid rain (SAR) at early plant growth on some morphochemical characters of two varieties of Mash (Vigna mungo L.) namely Mash 97 and Var. 95009. Different pH values were made by using H/sub 2/SO/sub 4/, HNO/sub 3/, and combination of both. The data revealed that low pH (3.5) of either sulphuric acid or the combination of H/sub 2/SO/sub 4/ and HNO/sub 3/ affected more severely at all parameters including number of leaves, shoot: root ratio, water contents of shoot and Potassium ion concentration. Whereas for a few parameters like plant height and number of branches the simulated acid rain of solution of pH 4.5 and 3.5 by using HNO/sub 3/ proved a bit better for plant growth, the root length was increased in case of SAR of solution of pH 3.5 by using H/sub 2/SO/sub 4/+HNO/sub 3/. Foliar application of SAR of solution of pH greater than 4.5 showed some improvement in crop growth due to fertilizer effect of solution's components. (author)

  10. Antioxidant Status of Vigna mungo L. in Response to Sulfur Nutrition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neelam Chandra

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Black gram (Vigna mungo L. var. DPU-88-31, an edible legume, was grown at 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 meq S L−1 to study the effect of deficient and excess level of sulfur on oxidative metabolism. Plants supplied by 4 meq S L−1 showed optimum yield. Sulfur deficient plants (1 and 2 meq S L−1 showed reduction in growth and chlorosis of young leaves. Tissue sulfur and cysteine concentration was increased with increasing sulfur supply. The thresholds for critical concentration of sulfur deficiency and toxicity were 0.315% and 0.434% dry weight. Biomass and photoassimilatory pigments were decreased and carbohydrates (sugar and starch were accumulated in leaves of sulfur deficient and excess plants. Accumulation of hydrogen peroxide and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances in sulfur deficient and excess plants caused oxidative damage in plants which was also evident by the increase in the activity of superoxide dismutase, catalase, peroxidase, ascorbate peroxidase, glutathione reductase, and concentration of ascorbate and nonprotein thiols.

  11. Snapshot of Viral Infections in Wild Carnivores Reveals Ubiquity of Parvovirus and Susceptibility of Egyptian Mongoose to Feline Panleukopenia Virus

    OpenAIRE

    Duarte, Margarida D.; Ana Margarida Henriques; Sílvia Carla Barros; Teresa Fagulha; Paula Mendonça; Paulo Carvalho; Madalena Monteiro; Miguel Fevereiro; Basto, Mafalda P.; Luís Miguel Rosalino; Tânia Barros; Victor Bandeira; Carlos Fonseca; Cunha, Mónica V.

    2013-01-01

    The exposure of wild carnivores to viral pathogens, with emphasis on parvovirus (CPV/FPLV), was assessed based on the molecular screening of tissue samples from 128 hunted or accidentally road-killed animals collected in Portugal from 2008 to 2011, including Egyptian mongoose (Herpestes ichneumon, n = 99), red fox (Vulpes vulpes, n = 19), stone marten (Martes foina, n = 3), common genet (Genetta genetta, n = 3) and Eurasian badger (Meles meles, n = 4). A high prevalence of parvovirus DNA (63%...

  12. Multiple abiotic stress tolerance in Vigna mungo is altered by overexpression of ALDRXV4 gene via reactive carbonyl detoxification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Preeti; Kumar, Deepak; Sarin, Neera Bhalla

    2016-06-01

    Vigna mungo (blackgram) is an important leguminous pulse crop, which is grown for its protein rich edible seeds. Drought and salinity are the major abiotic stresses which adversely affect the growth and productivity of crop plants including blackgram. The ALDRXV4 belongs to the aldo-keto reductase superfamily of enzymes that catalyze the reduction of carbonyl metabolites in the cells and plays an important role in the osmoprotection and detoxification of the reactive carbonyl species. In the present study, we developed transgenic plants of V. mungo using Agrobacterium mediated transformation. The transgene integration was confirmed by Southern blot analysis whereas the expression was confirmed by RT-PCR, Western blot and enzyme activity. The T1 generation transgenic plants displayed improved tolerance to various environmental stresses, including drought, salt, methyl viologen and H2O2 induced oxidative stress. The increased aldose reductase activity, higher sorbitol content and less accumulation of the toxic metabolite, methylglyoxal in the transgenic lines under non-stress and stress (drought and salinity) conditions resulted in increased protection through maintenance of better photosynthetic efficiency, higher relative water content and less photooxidative damage. The accumulation of reactive oxygen species was remarkably decreased in the transgenic lines as compared with the wild type plants. This study of engineering multiple stress tolerance in blackgram, is the first report to date and this strategy for trait improvement is proposed to provide a novel germplasm for blackgram production on marginal lands. PMID:26956699

  13. PHYSIOLOGY AND BIO – CHEMISTRY OF GERMINATION OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF SEEDS – IV – EFFECT OF CERTAIN CHEMICALS ON GROWTH ANDDEVELOPMENT OF CUCUMBER, MUNGO, PADDY, RADDISH AND TOMATO PLANTS

    OpenAIRE

    Majumdar, A. K.; Boissya, C. L.

    1984-01-01

    The effect of 100 ppm solution of each of kinetin, adenine, uracil and thymine on the vegetative and reproductive growth of Cucumis sativus, phaseolus mungo, Oryza sativus, Raphanus sativus and Lycopersicum esculentum plants were studied. The rate of vegetative growth was found to be more in the Cucumis sativus, Raphanus sativus and Lycopersicum esculentum plants treated with all the chemicals mentioned above over that of the controls. Phaseolus mungo and Oryza sativa plants shows almost the ...

  14. Avirulent mutants of Macrophomina phaseolina and Aspergillus fumigatus initiate infection in Phaseolus mungo in the presence of phaseo-linone; levamisole gives protection

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Suchandra Sett; Santosh K Mishra; Kazia I Siddiqui

    2000-03-01

    To evaluate the role of phaseolinone, a phytotoxin produced by Macrophomina phaseolina, in disease initiation, three nontoxigenic avirulent mutants of the fungus were generated by UV-mutagenesis. Two of them were able to initiate infection in germinating Phaseolus mungo seeds only in the presence of phaseolinone. The minimum dose of phaseolinone required for infection in 30% seedlings was 2·5 g/ml. A human pathogen, Aspergillus fumigatus was also able to infect germinating seeds of P. mungo in the presence of 5 g/ml concentration of phaseolinone. Phaseolinone seemed to facilitate infection by A. fumigatus, which is not normally phytopathogenic, by reducing the immunity of germinating seedlings in a nonspecific way. Levamisole, a non-specific immunopotentiator gave protection against infection induced by A. fumigatus at an optimum dose of 50 g/ml. Sodium malonate prevented the effects of levamisole.

  15. Fluctuations in peroxidase and catalase activities of resistant and susceptible black gram (Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper) genotypes elicited by Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) feeding

    OpenAIRE

    Taggar, Gaurav Kumar; Gill, Ranjit Singh; Gupta, Anil Kumar; Sandhu, Jeet Singh

    2012-01-01

    Whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleryrodidae), is a serious pest of black gram, (Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper), an important legume pulse crop grown in north India. This research investigated the potential role of selected plant oxidative enzymes in resistance/susceptibility to whitefly in nine black gram genotypes. Oxidative enzyme activity was estimated spectrophotometrically from leaf samples collected at 30 and 50 d after sowing (DAS) from whitefly infested and uninfested plan...

  16. Genetic variability studies for yield and its component traits in RIL population of blackgram (Vigna mungo (L. Hepper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sowmini.K and Jayamani. P

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Blackgram or Urdbean, being a fourth important pulse crop in India has low genetic variability, low harvest index and nosignificant improvement in its productivity till date. An inter sub specific mapping population was developed by crossingVBN(Bg 5 x Vigna mungo var. silvestris 22/10 by single seed decent method. The genetic variability parameters werestudied in a RIL (Recombinant Inbred Line population consisting of 193 lines and their parents. The higher estimates ofPCV were observed for all the traits when compared with GCV. However, GCV was found to be high for the traits singleplant yield, number of clusters per plant and number of pods per plant. High heritability per cent was observed for days tomaturity, number of seeds per pod and hundred seed weight. High genetic advance as per cent of mean was observed forplant height, number of clusters per plant, number of pods per plant, single plant yield and hundred seed weight. Highheritability coupled with high genetic advance as per cent of mean was observed for hundred seed weight. Transgressivesegregants were observed for all the traits. These could be used further for yield testing apart from utilizing it as prebreeding material. The mapping population could be used for mapping of genes for important traits.

  17. Infectivity analysis of two variable DNA B components of Mungbean yellow mosaic virus-Vigna in Vigna mungo and Vigna radiata

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    V Balaji; R Vanitharani; A S Karthikeyan; S Anbalagan; K Veluthambi

    2004-09-01

    Mungbean yellow mosaic virus-Vigna (MYMV-Vig), a Begomovirus that causes yellow mosaic disease, was cloned from field-infected blackgram (Vigna mungo). One DNA A clone (KA30) and five different DNA B clones (KA21, KA22, KA27, KA28 and KA34) were obtained. The sequence identity in the 150-nt common region (CR) between DNA A and DNA B was highest (95%) for KA22 DNA B and lowest (85.6%) for KA27 DNA B. The Rep-binding domain had three complete 11-nt (5′-TGTATCGGTGT-3′) iterons in KA22 DNA B (and KA21, KA28 and KA34), while the first iteron in KA27 DNA B (5′-ATCGGTGT-3′) had a 3-nt deletion. KA27 DNA B, which exhibited 93.9% CR sequence identity to the mungbean-infecting MYMV, also shared the 3-nt deletion in the first iteron besides having an 18-nt insertion between the third iteron and the conserved nonanucleotide. MYMV was found to be closely related to KA27 DNA B in amino acid sequence identity of BV1 (94.1%) and BC1 (97.6%) proteins and in the organization of nuclear localization signal (NLS), nuclear export signal (NES) and phosphorylation sites. Agroinoculation of blackgram (V. mungo) and mungbean (V. radiata) with partial dimers of KA27 and KA22 DNA Bs along with DNA A caused distinctly different symptoms. KA22 DNA B caused more intense yellow mosaic symptoms with high viral DNA titre in blackgram. In contrast, KA27 DNA B caused more intense yellow mosaic symptoms with high viral DNA titre in mungbean. Thus, DNA B of MYMV-Vig is an important determinant of host-range between V. mungo and V. radiata.

  18. Effect of foliar spray from seaweed liquid fertilizer of Ulva reticulata (Forsk.) on Vigna mungo L. and their elemental composition using SEM- energy dispersive spectroscopic analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    G Ganapathy Selvam; K Sivakumar

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To identify the effect of seaweed liquied fertilizer (SLF) of Ulva reticulata, as biochemical characteristics of Vigna mungo as well as leaf morphometric analysis such as epidermal and stomata cell variation and distribution of minerals in the leaf. Methods:Experiments were conducted on black gram to study the potential green alga of Ulva reticulata as a biofertilizer. The seeds were sown in soil and SLF were added to soil bed in five different concentrations separately (1%, 2%, 4%, 6% and 8% w/v). Results: Seaweed extract was applied as a foliar spray, the SLF treated plants show maximum growth in 2% of SLF among the various experimental concentrations as well as control. Biochemical profiles like chlorophyll a and b, protein, sugar and starch were found to be higher at 2%. A significant increase in the number of epidermal and stomata cells were observed in 2% SLF treated plants. Whereas at higher concentrations of SLF such as 4%, 6%, and 8% the values of all the parameters were significantly decreased than in the control group. Further the leaf of 2% SLF treated V. mungo have subjected to Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive Spectroscopic analysis it reveals that thepresence of ten elements in the following order: Ca>P>N>Na>K>Mg>Mn>S>Fe>Zn in treated and Ca>N>P>Na>Mg>Mn>K>Zn>S>Fe in control plant. The data generated from study reveal that SLF of U. reticulatea could be used as foliar spray at low concentration of 2% to maximize the growth and yield of V. mungo and also increase the number of stomata in the leaf. Conclusion:The main objective of study result would be the manorial requirement for organic forming and serve as a cost effective ecofriendliness for sustainable agriculture and environment.

  19. Cultivo do feijão-mungo-verde no verão em Viçosa e em Prudente de Morais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vieira Rogério F.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Foram avaliados no verão, 25 genótipos de feijão-mungo-verde em Viçosa (plantio em dezembro de 1997 e em Prudente de Morais (plantio em janeiro de 1999 (MG: dezenove linhagens do "Asian Vegetable Research Development Center", quatro do Instituto Nacional de Pesquisa da Amazônia, uma cultivar de origem peruana além da cv. Ouro Verde. Utilizou-se o delineamento experimental em blocos ao acaso, com três repetições. Os rendimentos variaram de 1,2 a 2,0 t/ha em Viçosa e de 1,3 a 2,6 t/ha em Prudente de Morais. Muitas linhagens renderam mais que a cultivar Ouro Verde, destacando-se a 'VC 3984-B-2-B-4-1-B' pela resistência ao acamamento. O feijão-mungo-verde mostrou-se bem adaptado ao verão, proporcionando alto rendimento em tempo relativamente curto.

  20. Desempenho de genótipos de feijão-mungo-verde semeados no inverno na Zona da Mata de Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogério Faria Vieira

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Avaliou-se o desempenho do feijão-mungo-verde, semeado no inverno, na Zona da Mata de Minas Gerais, a 400 (Oratórios e 720 m (Coimbra de altitude. Dez genótipos foram semeados no final de julho, ou no início de agosto, no delineamento em blocos ao acaso, com quatro repetições. Irrigações por aspersão complementaram as chuvas. A primeira vagem amadureceu aos 73,3 (Oratórios e aos 79,9 dias após a emergência (DAE (Coimbra. A altura das plantas foi maior em Oratórios (62,4 cm do que em Coimbra (37,1 cm. Em Coimbra, doenças causadas por Erysiphe polygoni e Ascochita sp. foram moderadas. Em Oratórios, foram feitas três colheitas entre 81 e 94 DAE; em Coimbra, duas: 88 e 100 DAE. As produtividades médias foram de 1093 (Oratórios e 801 kg/ha (Coimbra. As sementes colhidas em Oratórios apresentaram aspecto ótimo ou bom; em Coimbra, bom ou regular. Concluímos que o plantio do feijão-mungo-verde no inverno, em altitudes entre 400 e 720 m, proporciona produtividades relativamente modestas, especialmente a 720 m, onde as condições climáticas favorecem algumas doenças.

  1. Monitoring primary response to chilling stress in etiolated Vigna radiata and V. mungo seedlings using thermal hysteresis of water proton NMR relaxation times

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thermal hysteresis of longitudinal relaxation times (T1) of water protons in hypocotyls of etiolated Vigna radiata and V. mungo seedlings was investigated by pulse nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Various lengths of chilling exposures during a cool-warm cycle between 20 and 0°C (below 10°C, about 4 h) for the T1 hysteresis measurement did not cause any visible injury symptoms in hypocotyls. However, the profiles of T1 hysteresis varied as a result of different chilling exposures. The sums of the T1 ratio (for detail see Introduction) reflecting T1 prolongation or shortening upon the warming process were a good quantitative index for the extent of T1 hysteresis, and the wide dispersion of this value ranging on the “minus” side (T1 prolongation upon warming) suggested the occurrence of a primary response of cells to chilling stress before obvious visible symptoms occur while the T1 ratio sums on the “plus” side (T1 shortening upon warming) corresponded to a response of serious visible injury. Therefore, the sums of the T1 ratio can be used as a non-destructive diagnostic tool for monitoring the primary event of chilling injury when lacking any visible injury symptoms. The data indicate that the critical temperature for the occurrence of primary response for chilling stress was around 7.5°C for V. radiata and 12.5°C for V. mungo

  2. Quebra de dormência de sementes do feijão-mungo Dormancy suppression in mungbean seed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shiow Shong Lin

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available No laboratório de sementes da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, avaliou-se o efeito de tratamentos pré-germinativos sobre a quebra de dormência em sementes do feijão-mungo (Vigna radiata L., Leguminosae. As sementes de quatro cultivares (Pusa 9173, ML 267, NM 51 e Chun Nam 4 foram submetidas aos tratamentos com água quente (80°C, álcool à temperatura ambiente e ácido sulfúrico concentrado. Os tratamentos com ácido sulfúrico concentrado foram os que apresentaram as maiores porcentagens de germinação. Os tratamentos com imersão em álcool durante 5 e 10 minutos, e em água à temperatura de 80°C por 5 e 10 minutos mostraram-se eficientes, atingindo percentuais de germinação superiores aos da testemunha. No tratamento de imersão em água à temperatura de 80°C por 15 minutos, verificou-se acentuada mortalidade de sementes, reduzindo drasticamente o percentual de germinação. O tratamento com ácido sulfúrico concentrado, por 6 minutos, possibilitou uma porcentagem de germinação de 96%, sendo assim o mais indicado. As cultivares Pusa 9173, ML 267 e NM 51 apresentaram maior intensidade de dormência em comparação à cultivar Chun Nam 4.The effects of pre-germination treatments on the dormancy of mungbean seeds were evaluated in the seed laboratory of the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil. Seeds of four mungbean (Vigna radiata L., Leguminosae cultivars (Pusa 9173, ML 267, NM 51 and Chun Nam 4 were submitted to treatments with hot water (80°C, alcohol at room temperature and concentrated sulphuric acid. The sulphuric acid treatments were the most effective treatments in terms of germination percentage. The immersion of seeds in alcohol at room temperature during 5 and 10 minutes and seeds immersed in hot water (80°C during 5 and 10 minutes showed results significantly higher than the control. The hot water (80°C treatment during 15 minutes caused pronounced seed

  3. Leaf crinkle disease in urdbean (Vigna mungo L. Hepper): An overview on causal agent, vector and host.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gautam, Narinder Kumar; Kumar, Krishna; Prasad, Manoj

    2016-05-01

    Urdbean leaf crinkle disease (ULCD) is an economically significant widespread and devastating disease resulting in extreme crinkling, puckering and rugosity of leaves inflicting heavy yield losses annually in major urdbean-producing countries of the world. This disease is caused by urdbean leaf crinkle virus (ULCV). Urdbean (Vigna mungo L. Hepper) is relatively more susceptible than other pulses to leaf crinkle disease. Urdbean is an important and useful crop cultivated in various parts of South-East Asia and well adapted for cultivation under semi-arid and subtropical conditions. Aphids, insects and whiteflies have been reported as vectors of the disease. The virus is also transmitted through sap inoculation, grafting and seed. The loss in seed yield in ULCD-affected urdbean crop ranges from 35 to 81%, which is dependent upon type of genotype location and infection time. The diseased material and favourable climatic conditions contribute for the widespread viral disease. Anatomical and biochemical changes take place in the affected diseased plants. Genetic variations have been reported in the germplasm screening which suggest continuous screening of available varieties and new germplasm to search for new traits (new genes) and identify new sources of disease resistance. There are very few reports on breeding programmes for the development and release of varieties tolerant to ULCD. Mostly random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) as well as inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) molecular markers have been utilized for fingerprinting of blackgram, and a few reports are there on sequence-tagged micro-satellite site (STMS) markers. There are so many RNA viruses which have also developed strategies to counteract silencing process by encoding suppressor proteins that create hindrances in the process. But, in the case of ULCV, there is no report available indicating which defence pathway is operating for its resistance in the plants and whether same silencing suppression

  4. Effect of ultra violet-B radiation (285-230 nm) and sulphur dioxide singly and in combination on Vigna mungo L. (blackgram)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Plants are being exposed to air pollution (sulphur-dioxide pollution) and ultraviolet-B radiation simultaneously in the present industrialized world. The impact of both these stresses singly and in combination on Vigna mungo L. (blackgram) was investigated. Treatments were given between the age of 25 days to 40 days. Plants were exposed to dynamic flow of 0.1 ppm sulphur dioxide (SO2) concentration daily for 30 minutes. Similarly UV-B radiation was given for 30 minutes. Changes in chlorophyll a, b and total pigment content, anthocyanin and nitrate reductase activity were observed. The results showed that UV-B radiation + SO2 pollution are observed to be exhibiting antagonistic effect in combination. (author)

  5. Genetic Parameters and Combining Ability Effects of Parents for Seed Yield and other Quantitative Traits in Black Gram [Vigna mungo (L. Hepper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Supriyo CHAKRABORTY

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Line x tester analysis was carried out in black gram [Vigna mungo (L. Hepper], an edible legume, to estimate the gca (general combining ability effects of parents (3 lines and 3 testers and the SCA (specific combining ability effects of 9 crosses for seed yield and other eleven quantitative traits. Though additive and nonadditive gene actions governed the expression of quantitative traits, the magnitude of nonadditive gene action was higher than that of additive gene action for each quantitative trait. Two parents viz. �UG157� and �DPU915� were good general combiners. Two crosses namely �PDB 88-31�/�DPU 915� and �PLU 277�/�KAU7� had high per se performance along with positive significant SCA effect for seed yield/plant. The degree of dominance revealed overdominance for all the traits except clusters/plant with partial dominance. The predictability ratio also revealed the predominant role of nonadditive gene action in the genetic control of quantitative traits. Narrow sense heritability was also low for each trait. Recurrent selection or biparental mating followed by selection which can exploit both additive and nonadditive gene actions would be of interest for yield improvement in black gram. Due to presence of high magnitude of nonadditive gene action, heterosis breeding could also be attempted to develop low cost hybrid variety using genetic male sterility system in black gram.

  6. Changes in hydraulic conductance cause the difference in growth response to short-term salt stress between salt-tolerant and -sensitive black gram (Vigna mungo) varieties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Win, Khin Thuzar; Oo, Aung Zaw; Ookawa, Taiichiro; Kanekatsu, Motoki; Hirasawa, Tadashii

    2016-04-01

    Black gram (Vigna mungo) is an important crop in Asia, However, most black gram varieties are salt-sensitive. The causes of varietal differences in salt-induced growth reduction between two black gram varieties, 'U-Taung-2' (salt-tolerant; BT) and 'Mut Pe Khaing To' (salt-sensitive; BS), were examined the potential for the first step toward the genetic improvement of salt tolerance. Seedlings grown in vermiculite irrigated with full-strength Hoagland solution were treated with 0mM NaCl (control) or 225mM NaCl for up to 10 days. In the 225mM NaCl treatment, plant growth rate, net assimilation rate, mean leaf area, leaf water potential, and leaf photosynthesis were reduced more in BS than in BT plants. Leaf water potential was closely related to leaf photosynthesis, net assimilation rate, and increase in leaf area. In response to salinity stress, hydraulic conductance of the root, stem, and petiole decreased more strongly in BS than in BT plants. The reduction in stem and petiole hydraulic conductance was caused by cavitation, whereas the reduction in root hydraulic conductance in BS plants was caused by a reduction in root surface area and hydraulic conductivity. We conclude that the different reduction in hydraulic conductance is a cause of the differences in the growth response between the two black gram varieties under short-term salt stress. PMID:26962708

  7. 江西省黄鼬和鼬獾狂犬病流行病学监测%Epidemiological surveillance of rabies in yellow mongooses (Mustela sibirica) and ferret badgers (Melogale moschata) in Jiangxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵敬慧; 张守峰; 刘晔; 陈奇; 苗富春; 王林栋; 李易潞; 扈荣良

    2012-01-01

    目的 为确定江西省除鼬獾外夜行肉食类野生动物黄鼬是否携带狂犬病病毒,对该地区黄鼬和鼬獾进行狂犬病流行病学监测,分析其感染状况.方法 在江西部分地区采集黄鼬和鼬獾脑组织样品,直接免疫荧光法(FAT)检测样品中狂犬病毒抗原,小鼠颅内接种实验(MIT)分离病毒,RT-PCR扩增其核蛋白和糖蛋白全基因进行测定,并与我国其他地区狂犬病病毒的核酸序列进行对比分析.结果 黄鼬脑组织样品FAT结果 阳性率为0(0/1 102),鼬獾阳性率为1.9 %(4/210).经MIT分离到4株狂犬病病毒之间N基因和G基因的同源性较高,分别为99.6%~100%和99.7%~100%,与浙江和江西其它鼬獾狂犬病病毒分离株同源性为96.0%~99.3%和98.7%~99.1%,与浙江和福建犬源分离株(ZJ-QZ,D01,FJ008,FJ009等)同源性为88.2%~88.8%和87.6%~87.7%.结论 采样地区黄鼬样品中未发现狂犬病病毒感染,而鼬獾感染狂犬病病毒阳性率较高,说明其种群内存在狂犬病的流行;犬与鼬獾狂犬病病毒株同源性较低,二者交叉传播或溢出的可能性较低;黄鼬和鼬獾尽管同属夜行动物,但二者交互感染的可能性很低.有必要对该地区野生动物狂犬病进行长期监测.%To found out the background of rabies in yellow mongooses facing the damager of spread in wildlife , we con-ducted the surveillance of rabies in yellow mongooses and ferret badgers in Jiangxi Province . Yellow mongoose heads and ferret badger heads were randomly collected in Jiangxi Province . The samples were detected by direct immunofluorescence antibody test (FAT) and rabies virus was isolated through Mouse Inoculation Test (MIT) . Full genome of N gene and G gene were amplified by RT-PCR and then sequenced . No positive sample was found from 1 102 yellow mongooses. Four positive samples were identified from ferret badgers with a positive ratio as 1 .9% (4/210) . Four rabies virus strains were isolated (JX12-64 , JX12

  8. Gastric Banding

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... gastric banding before deciding to have the procedure. Advertisements for a device or procedure may not include ... feeds Follow FDA on Twitter Follow FDA on Facebook View FDA videos on YouTube View FDA photos ...

  9. An Innovative Way of Developing an Improved Variety Utilizing Both Gamma-ray-induced and Recombinational Variability in Blackgram (Vigna mungo L. (Hepper))

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An attempt was made to compare variability generated through different mating schemes and combination of mating and irradiation in Vigna mungo L. (Hepper) to improve productivity of recommended varieties. Two locally adapted varieties and two selected complimentary donor lines for high pod number and for seed mass were crossed to generate four single crosses, two three way and one double crosses. Four single crosses were further irradiated with 20 Kr Gamma-rays and advanced to F2M2 and F2 generations for evaluation based on seven agronomic traits. Variability generated by irradiation was more compared to recombination variability for clusters per plant and pod length traits. Irradiated single cross (F2M2) progenies produced higher frequency of superior progenies compared to other hybridized progenies involving two or more than two parents. The nature of association between pod length and number of pods per plant under irradiation improved favorably. Selected superior progenies isolated in F2 and F2M2 (112) and in F3M3 and F3 generations (135) were advanced to the F5 generation and evaluated in progeny row trial with two replications. We found that 29 advance breeding lines were superior. Out of 29 lines, 18 originated from irradiated single crosses and five lines from single crosses without irradiation, and six lines from hybridized progenies involving more than two parents revealing the importance of irradiation in creation of desirable variability. The stability analysis involving 29 advanced breeding lines revealed the stable performance of DBS-14, DBS-16, DBS-24 and DBS-26 genotypes over environments with better mean performance for seed yield. Genotype DBS-15 had highest seed protein content (27.20%), which was followed by DBS-12 (26%) compared to high yielding check TAU-1 (19.68%). The large scale trials in different agro climatic conditions, genotype DBS-14 (DU-1) was the most promising genotype with superior seed yield (22.0%) and seed mass apart from its

  10. Comportamento de linhagens de feijão-mungo(Vigna radiata L. em Santa Catarina Behaviour of mungbean (Vigna radiata L. in Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shong Lin Shiow

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Foram conduzidos três experimentos na fazenda experimental do Centro de Ciências Agrárias da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil. A finalidade do trabalho foi avaliar o comportamento de 29 linhagens de feijão mungo provenientes do "Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center" (AVRDC. Avaliaram-se as características agronômicas (formacão da primeira flor, primeiro legume maduro, estatura da planta, o peso de mil sementes e o rendimento. As linhagens foram testadas em blocos ao acaso, com quatro repetições. Cada parcela foi constituída por 4 linhas de 6m de comprimento, espaçadas de 50cm, com vinte sementes por metro de sulco. A floração inicial das linhagens ocorreu entre os 33 e 49 dias após o plantio, enquanto a maturação do primeiro legume se deu entre os 70 e 78 dias após a semeadura. A estatura das plantas e o peso de mil sementes variaram entre 22,5 e 63,8cm e 33,0 e 76,4g respectivamente. As linhagens mais produtivas foram: VC 3890B, VC 1973C e VC 2764B com rendimento acima de 1140kg.ha-1. Estas linhagens apresentaram peso de mil sementes e estatura de planta boas para cultivo e um ciclo biológico médio. A colheita foi feita em uma única operação, entre 80 e 85 dias após a semeadura no primeiro e segundo experimentos. No terceiro experimento, a colheita foi feita em duas vezes, aos 80 e 85 dias e aos 95 e 100 dias, sendo que na primeira colheita foram colhidos 78% dos legumes; os restantes 22% foram colhidos 15 dias após a primeira.Three experiments were conducted at the experimental farm of the Agricultural Science Center, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Ressacada, Florianópolis, SC. Brazil. Twenty nine lines of mungbean from the Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center (AVRDC, Taiwan, Republic of China were evaluated about their agronomic characters (first flower formation, first legume mature, plant height, thousand seeds weight and yield. The experimental design

  11. Evidence of oxidative shielding of offspring in a wild mammal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emma I.K. Vitikainen

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Oxidative damage has been proposed as a potential mechanism underlying a life history tradeoff between survival and reproduction. However, evidence that reproduction is associated with increased oxidative damage is equivocal, and some studies have found that breeding females exhibit reduced, rather than elevated, levels of oxidative damage compared to equivalent non-breeders. Recently it was hypothesised that oxidative damage could have negative impacts on developing offspring, and that mothers might down-regulate oxidative damage during reproduction to shield their offspring from such damage. We tested this hypothesis through a longitudinal study of adult survival, reproduction, and oxidative damage in wild banded mongooses (Mungos mungo in Uganda. High levels of oxidative damage as measured by malondialdehyde (MDA were associated with reduced survival in both sexes. Levels of protein carbonyls were not linked to survival. Mothers showed reduced levels of MDA during pregnancy, and individuals with higher MDA levels gestated fewer offspring and had lower pup survival. These results suggest that maternal oxidative damage has transgenerational costs, and are consistent with the idea that mothers may attempt to shield their offspring from particularly harmful types of oxidative damage during pregnancy. Further advance in understanding of life history variation would benefit from theory and tests of the potential transgenerational impacts of the mechanisms underlying life history trade-offs.

  12. Fenólicos totais e atividade antioxidante do extrato aquoso de broto de feijão-mungo (Vigna radiata L. Total phenolics and antioxidant activity of the aqueous extract of mung bean sprout (Vigna radiata L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Lúcia Arroxelas Galvão de Lima

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Considerando a importância dos compostos fenólicos em alimentos e que o broto de feijão-mungo vem sendo incluído na culinária brasileira, este estudo teve como objetivo quantificar o teor de fenólicos totais deste vegetal e avaliar a ação antioxidante do seu extrato aquoso. MÉTODOS: Os compostos fenólicos foram extraídos por quatro sistemas de solventes e dois métodos de extração, os quais foram diferenciados no tempo (2 e 1h e número de extrações (2 e 3 extrações. Os fenólicos totais dos extratos foram quantificados por método espectrofotométrico. RESULTADOS: Os extratos obtidos com água à temperatura ambiente (28ºC, nos dois métodos de extração, foram os que apresentaram maior quantidade de fenólicos totais, sem contudo apresentar diferença significativa entre eles. O método II, que consistiu de três extrações em 1h, pode ser considerado o melhor por ter utilizado menor tempo de extração. O extrato aquoso em sistema modelo b-caroteno/ácido linoléico exibiu ação antioxidante (48,07% de inibição da oxidação, entretanto foi inferior ao padrão BHT. CONCLUSÃO: O broto de feijão-mungo possui considerável quantidade de fenólicos totais, compostos responsáveis por sua ação antioxidante, cujo consumo pode proporcionar efeitos benéficos à saúde.OBJECTIVE: Considering the importance of phenolic compounds in foods and the increasing consumption of mung bean sprouts in Brazil, this study had the objective of quantifying the total phenolic content in this vegetable and to assess the antioxidant activity of its aqueous extract. METHODS: The phenolic compounds were extracted by four solvent systems and two extraction methods, which were different in time (2 and 1h and in number of extractions (2 and 3 extractions. The total phenolic content of the extracts were quantified by the spectrophotometric method. RESULTS: The extracts obtained with water at room temperature (28ºC in both extraction

  13. Band structure of semiconductors

    CERN Document Server

    Tsidilkovski, I M

    2013-01-01

    Band Structure of Semiconductors provides a review of the theoretical and experimental methods of investigating band structure and an analysis of the results of the developments in this field. The book presents the problems, methods, and applications in the study of band structure. Topics on the computational methods of band structure; band structures of important semiconducting materials; behavior of an electron in a perturbed periodic field; effective masses and g-factors for the most commonly encountered band structures; and the treatment of cyclotron resonance, Shubnikov-de Haas oscillatio

  14. Photonic band gap materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An overview of the theoretical and experimental efforts in obtaining a photonic band gap, a frequency band in three-dimensional dielectric structures in which electromagnetic waves are forbidden, is presented

  15. Band parameters of phosphorene

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lew Yan Voon, L. C.; Wang, J.; Zhang, Y.;

    2015-01-01

    Phosphorene is a two-dimensional nanomaterial with a direct band-gap at the Brillouin zone center. In this paper, we present a recently derived effective-mass theory of the band structure in the presence of strain and electric field, based upon group theory. Band parameters for this theory are co...

  16. Flat Band Quastiperiodic Lattices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bodyfelt, Joshua; Flach, Sergej; Danieli, Carlo

    2014-03-01

    Translationally invariant lattices with flat bands (FB) in their band structure possess irreducible compact localized flat band states, which can be understood through local rotation to a Fano structure. We present extension of these quasi-1D FB structures under incommensurate lattices, reporting on the FB effects to the Metal-Insulator Transition.

  17. One-man band

    OpenAIRE

    Stillman, R.

    2013-01-01

    This website presents practice-based research related to solo simultaneous instrumental performance ('one-man band'). The site was conceived as a creative and widely accessible platform for music and ideas resulting from one-man band activates carried out between 2008 and 2013. Central to this project is an interest in how one-man band technique informs compositional process, including studio production. Through presentation and analysis of the author’s own creative practice, the site exp...

  18. Laparoscopic gastric banding

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... make the band tighter or looser any time after you have this surgery. It may be tightened or ... Having problems eating Not losing enough weight Vomiting after you eat Outlook (Prognosis) The final weight loss with ...

  19. CSF oligoclonal banding - slideshow

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... presentations/100145.htm CSF oligoclonal banding - series—Normal anatomy ... Overview The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) serves to supply nutrients to the central nervous system (CNS) and collect waste products, as well as ...

  20. The Band Pass Filter

    OpenAIRE

    Christiano, Lawrence J.; Terry J. Fitzgerald

    1999-01-01

    The `ideal' band pass filter can be used to isolate the component of a time series that lies within a particular band of frequencies. However, applying this filter requires a dataset of infinite length. In practice, some sort of approximation is needed. Using projections, we derive approximations that are optimal when the time series representations underlying the raw data have a unit root, or are stationary about a trend. We identify one approximation which, though it is only optimal for one...

  1. Iliotibial band friction syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Lavine, Ronald

    2010-01-01

    Published articles on iliotibial band friction syndrome have been reviewed. These articles cover the epidemiology, etiology, anatomy, pathology, prevention, and treatment of the condition. This article describes (1) the various etiological models that have been proposed to explain iliotibial band friction syndrome; (2) some of the imaging methods, research studies, and clinical experiences that support or call into question these various models; (3) commonly proposed treatment methods for ili...

  2. Banded transformer cores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mclyman, C. W. T. (Inventor)

    1974-01-01

    A banded transformer core formed by positioning a pair of mated, similar core halves on a supporting pedestal. The core halves are encircled with a strap, selectively applying tension whereby a compressive force is applied to the core edge for reducing the innate air gap. A dc magnetic field is employed in supporting the core halves during initial phases of the banding operation, while an ac magnetic field subsequently is employed for detecting dimension changes occurring in the air gaps as tension is applied to the strap.

  3. Ultra wide band antennas

    CERN Document Server

    Begaud, Xavier

    2013-01-01

    Ultra Wide Band Technology (UWB) has reached a level of maturity that allows us to offer wireless links with either high or low data rates. These wireless links are frequently associated with a location capability for which ultimate accuracy varies with the inverse of the frequency bandwidth. Using time or frequency domain waveforms, they are currently the subject of international standards facilitating their commercial implementation. Drawing up a complete state of the art, Ultra Wide Band Antennas is aimed at students, engineers and researchers and presents a summary of internationally recog

  4. Amniotic Band Syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Shetty, Prathvi; Menezes, Leo Theobald; Tauro, Leo Francis; Diddigi, Kumar Arun

    2012-01-01

    Amniotic band syndrome is an uncommon congenital disorder without any genetic or hereditary disposition. It involves fetal entrapment in strands of amniotic tissue and causes an array of deletions and deformations. Primary treatment is plastic and reconstructive surgery after birth with in utero fetal surgery also coming in vogue.

  5. DUAL BAND MONOPOLE ANTENNA DESIGN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Jithu

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The WLAN and Bluetooth applications become popular in mobile devices, integrating GSM and ISM bands operation in one compact antenna, can reduce the size of mobile devices. Recently, lot many investigations are carried out in designing a dual band antennas with operating frequencies in GSM band and in ISM band for mobile devices. Printed monopoles are under this investigation. In this paper, dual-band printed monopoles are presented to operate at GSM band i.e. 900 MHz and ISM band i.e. 2.4 GHz. We intend to observe the antenna characteristics on the network analyzer and verify the theoretical results with the practical ones.

  6. Diffuse interstellar absorption bands

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIANG FuYuan; LIANG ShunLin; LI AiGen

    2009-01-01

    The diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) are a large number of absorption bands that are superposed on the interstellar extinction curve and are of interstellar origin. Since the discovery of the first two DIBs in the 1920s, the exact nature of DIBs still remains unclear. This article reviews the history of the detec-tions of DIBs in the Milky Way and external galaxies, the major observational characteristics of DIBs, the correlations or anti-correlations among DIBs or between DIBs and other interstellar features (e.g. the prominent 2175 Angstrom extinction bump and the far-ultraviolet extinction rise), and the proposed candidate carriers. Whether they are also present in circumstellar environments is also discussed.

  7. Semiconductors bonds and bands

    CERN Document Server

    Ferry, David K

    2013-01-01

    As we settle into this second decade of the twenty-first century, it is evident that the advances in micro-electronics have truly revolutionized our day-to-day lifestyle. The technology is built upon semiconductors, materials in which the band gap has been engineered for special values suitable to the particular application. This book, written specifically for a one semester course for graduate students, provides a thorough understanding of the key solid state physics of semiconductors. It describes how quantum mechanics gives semiconductors unique properties that enabled the micro-electronics revolution, and sustain the ever-growing importance of this revolution.

  8. Flat Bands Under Correlated Perturbations

    OpenAIRE

    Bodyfelt, Joshua D.; Leykam, Daniel; Danieli, Carlo; Yu, Xiaoquan; Flach, Sergej

    2014-01-01

    Flat band networks are characterized by coexistence of dispersive and flat bands. Flat bands (FB) are generated by compact localized eigenstates (CLS) with local network symmetries, based on destructive interference. Correlated disorder and quasiperiodic potentials hybridize CLS without additional renormalization, yet with surprising consequencies: (i) states are expelled from the FB energy $E_{FB}$, (ii) the localization length of eigenstates vanishes as $\\xi \\sim 1 / \\ln (E- E_{FB})$, (iii)...

  9. Cluster banding heat source model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Liguo; Ji Shude; Yang Jianguo; Fang Hongyuan; Li Yafan

    2006-01-01

    Concept of cluster banding heat source model is put forward for the problem of overmany increment steps in the process of numerical simulation of large welding structures, and expression of cluster banding heat source model is deduced based on energy conservation law.Because the expression of cluster banding heat source model deduced is suitable for random weld width, quantitative analysis of welding stress field for large welding structures which have regular welds can be made quickly.

  10. Development of Wide Band Feeds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ujihara, H.; Ichikawa, R.

    2012-12-01

    Wide Band feeds are being developed at NICT, NAOJ, and some universities in Japan for VLBI2010, SKA, and MARBLE. SKA, the Square Kilometre Array, will comprise thousands of radio telescopes with square kilometer aperture size for radio astronomy. MARBLE consists of small portable VLBI stations developed at NICT and GSI in Japan. They all need wide band feeds with a greater than 1:10 frequency ratio. Thus we have been studying wide band feeds with dual linear polarization for these applications.

  11. Garage Band or GarageBand[R]? Remixing Musical Futures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vakeva, Lauri

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, I suggest that it is perhaps time to consider the pedagogy of popular music in more extensive terms than conventional rock band practices have to offer. One direction in which this might lead is the expansion of the informal pedagogy based on a "garage band" model to encompass various modes of digital artistry wherever this artistry…

  12. Simultaneous confidence bands in linear regression analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Ah-Kine, Pascal Soon Shien

    2010-01-01

    A simultaneous confidence band provides useful information on the plausible range of an unknown regression model. For a simple linear regression model, the most frequently quoted bands in the statistical literature include the two-segment band, the three-segment band and the hyperbolic band, and for a multiple linear regression model, the most com- mon bands in the statistical literature include the hyperbolic band and the constant width band. The optimality criteria for confid...

  13. The Moral Ends of Band

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allsup, Randall Everett

    2012-01-01

    This article provides a theoretical framework through which to reimagine and revitalize contemporary music education practices, using the large ensemble paradigm called "band" as the primary unit of analysis. Literature suggests that band places too much emphasis on teacher control and external measures of validation. Critics propose replacing…

  14. Band structure of 79Br

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High-spin states of 79Br have been studied in the reaction 76Ge(7Li, 4nγ) at 32 MeV. A gamma-detector array with twelve Compton-suppressed HPGe detectors was used. The positive-parity yrast states, interpreted as a rotationally aligned g(9(2)) proton band, and the negative-parity ground state band have been extended to spins of (33(2+)) and (25(2-)), respectively. Lifetime measurements indicate that both bands have a similar quadrupole deformation of β2 ∼ 0.2. The positive-parity α = -(1(2)) band has been identified. Several new inter-band transitions are observed. A cranked-shell model analysis shows that the νg(9(2)) and πg(9(2)) alignments occur in the positive-parity and the negative-parity bands at rotational frequencies of ℎω ∼ 0.6 and 0.4 MeV, respectively. The level energies and the electromagnetic properties of the g(9(2)) band can be well reproduced by a particle-rotor model calculation with an axially symmetric core

  15. Microstrip microwave band gap structures

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    V Subramanian

    2008-04-01

    Microwave band gap structures exhibit certain stop band characteristics based on the periodicity, impedance contrast and effective refractive index contrast. These structures though formed in one-, two- and three-dimensional periodicity, are huge in size. In this paper, microstrip-based microwave band gap structures are formed by removing the substrate material in a periodic manner. This paper also demonstrates that these structures can serve as a non-destructive characterization tool for materials, a duplexor and frequency selective coupler. The paper presents both experimental results and theoretical simulation based on a commercially available finite element methodology for comparison.

  16. Collective bands in superdeformed nuclei

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The collective properties of excited superdeformed bands have been investigated in the framework of self-consistent cranked Nilsson plus quasiparticle random-phase approximation. The expected octupole nature of some bands observed recently in some nuclei has been confirmed by a comparative analysis of their E1 decays to the yrast band and of the anomalous behavior of their dynamical moment of inertia. It is also shown that the onset of supederformation affects considerably the structure of the giant resonances and greatly enhances the collectivity of the low-lying scissors mode. (author)

  17. Rotational Bands in 172W

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenberg, J.; Guess, C. J.; Tandel, S.; Chowdhury, P.; Carpenter, M. P.; Hartley, D. J.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Khoo, T. L.; Lauritsen, T.; Lister, C. J.; Seweryniak, D.; Shirwadkar, U.; Wang, X.; Zhu, S.

    2015-10-01

    Studying the structure of rotational bands in 172W is valuable for gaining a better understanding of deformed nuclei. Highly excited states of the isotope were populated from a 230 MeV 50Ti beam incident on a 128Te target at Argonne National Laboratory using the ATLAS accelerator. γ emissions from 172W in the range were measured using Compton suppressed germanium detectors in the Gammasphere array. Using this data, three new rotational bands were found, and several other bands were expanded. Swarthmore College Summer Research Fellowship.

  18. Some parallel banded system solvers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dongarra, J.J.; Sameh, A.H.

    1984-12-01

    This paper describes algorithms for solving narrow banded systems and the Helmholtz difference equations that are suitable for multiprocessing systems. The organization of the algorithms highlight the large grain parallelism inherent in the problems. 13 references, 5 tables.

  19. Narrow-Band Microwave Filters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.V. Strizhachenko

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Original design of the narrow-band compact filters based on the high-quality waveguide-dielectric resonator with anisotropic materials has been presented in this work. Designed filters satisfy the contradictory requirements: they provide the narrow frequency band (0.05 ÷ 0.1 % of the main frequency f0 and the low initial losses α0 ≤ 1 dB.

  20. Dipole Bands in 196Hg

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High spin states in 196Hg have been populated in the 198Pt(α,6n) reaction at 65 MeV and the level scheme has been extended. A new dipole band has been observed and a previously observed dipole has been confirmed. Excitation energies, spins and parities of these bands were determined from DCO ratio and linear polarization measurements. Possible quasiparticle excitations responsible for these structures are discussed.

  1. Band loss by nestling mourning doves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaczynski, C.F.; Kiel, W.H.

    1963-01-01

    Nestling mourning doves (Zenaidura macroura) were banded and checked for band loss prior to fledging at Parchman, Mississippi, during the months of June-August, 1960. Three hundred seventy-seven nestlings 4-6 days of age were banded, 117 with size 3 bands, 120 with size 3A bands, and 140 with size 3A bands secured by Dalzoflex tape. Two hundred twenty nestlings 7-9 days of age were banded, 114 with size 3 bands and 106 with size 3A bands. In the 4- to 6-day age group, 66.3 percent of the size 3A bands were lost. This was a statistically significant departure from the 7.7 percent loss of size 3 bands. No taped bands were lost. However, predators ate 13.8 percent of the nestlings with taped bands and significantly fewer of the nestlings banded without tape. In the 4- to 6-day age group, percentages of nestlings known to be available for band recovery at 9 days or older were: size 3, 69.2 percent; size 3A with tape, 59.0 percent; size 3A, 25.8 percent. In the 7-to 9-day age group, there was a 3.3 percent loss of size 3A bands and no loss of size 3 bands. The minimum age at which nestlings were banded without subsequent loss of bands was 6 days for size 3 and 8 days for size 3A.

  2. Direct band gap silicon allotropes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Qianqian; Xu, Bo; Sun, Jian; Liu, Hanyu; Zhao, Zhisheng; Yu, Dongli; Fan, Changzeng; He, Julong

    2014-07-16

    Elemental silicon has a large impact on the economy of the modern world and is of fundamental importance in the technological field, particularly in solar cell industry. The great demand of society for new clean energy and the shortcomings of the current silicon solar cells are calling for new materials that can make full use of the solar power. In this paper, six metastable allotropes of silicon with direct or quasidirect band gaps of 0.39-1.25 eV are predicted by ab initio calculations at ambient pressure. Five of them possess band gaps within the optimal range for high converting efficiency from solar energy to electric power and also have better optical properties than the Si-I phase. These Si structures with different band gaps could be applied to multiple p-n junction photovoltaic modules. PMID:24971657

  3. X-Band PLL Synthesizer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Kutin

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with design and realization of a PLL synthesizer for the microwave X−band. The synthesizer is intended for use as a local oscillator in a K−band downconverter. The design goal was to achieve very low phase noise and spurious free signal with a sufficient power level. For that purpose a low phase noise MMIC VCO was used in phase locked loop. The PLL works at half the output frequency, therefore there is a frequency doubler at the output of the PLL. The output signal from the frequency doubler is filtered by a band-pass filter and finally amplified by a single stage amplifier.

  4. Shear Banding of Complex Fluids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Divoux, Thibaut; Fardin, Marc A.; Manneville, Sebastien; Lerouge, Sandra

    2016-01-01

    Even in simple geometries, many complex fluids display nontrivial flow fields, with regions where shear is concentrated. The possibility for such shear banding has been known for several decades, but in recent years, we have seen an upsurge in studies offering an ever-more precise understanding of the phenomenon. The development of new techniques to probe the flow on multiple scales with increasing spatial and temporal resolution has opened the possibility for a synthesis of the many phenomena that could only have been thought of separately before. In this review, we bring together recent research on shear banding in polymeric and soft glassy materials and highlight their similarities and disparities.

  5. Correlations in a band insulator

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Sentef, M.; Kuneš, Jan; Werner, P.; Kampf, A. P.

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 80, č. 15 (2009), 155116/1-155116/7. ISSN 1098-0121 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100521 Keywords : electronic correlations * dynamical mean-field theory * band insulator Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 3.475, year: 2009

  6. Band structure and nuclear dynamics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The relation between the Variable Moment of Inertia model and the Interacting Boson Model are discussed from a phenomenological viewpoint. New results on ground state mean-square radii in nuclei far from stability are reported, and a discussion of band structure extending to high angular momentum states and methods of extracting information on the underlying dynamics is given

  7. Metaphyseal bands in osteogenesis imperfecta

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An increasing number of patients with osteogenesis imperfecta are undergoing pamidronate therapy to prevent the incidence of fragility fractures. The authors herein report a child aged 3 years who received five cycles of pamidronate, resulting in metaphyseal bands, known as “zebra lines.”

  8. Tolerance bands for functional data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rathnayake, Lasitha N; Choudhary, Pankaj K

    2016-06-01

    Often the object of inference in biomedical applications is a range that brackets a given fraction of individual observations in a population. A classical estimate of this range for univariate measurements is a "tolerance interval." This article develops its natural extension for functional measurements, a "tolerance band," and proposes a methodology for constructing its pointwise and simultaneous versions that incorporates both sparse and dense functional data. Assuming that the measurements are observed with noise, the methodology uses functional principal component analysis in a mixed model framework to represent the measurements and employs bootstrapping to approximate the tolerance factors needed for the bands. The proposed bands also account for uncertainty in the principal components decomposition. Simulations show that the methodology has, generally, acceptable performance unless the data are quite sparse and unbalanced, in which case the bands may be somewhat liberal. The methodology is illustrated using two real datasets, a sparse dataset involving CD4 cell counts and a dense dataset involving core body temperatures. PMID:26574904

  9. A PHOTONIC BAND GAP FIBRE

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    1999-01-01

    An optical fibre having a periodicidal cladding structure provididing a photonic band gap structure with superior qualities. The periodical structure being one wherein high index areas are defined and wherein these are separated using a number of methods. One such method is the introduction of...

  10. Band gap ion mass filter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ions in a plasma may be radially separated according to mass using a combination of an axial magnetic field and either a radial or azimuthal electric field. The separation is qualitatively different from that obtained by a plasma centrifuge and the characteristics of confined and unconfined ion orbits are analogous to the phenomenon of band gaps in semiconductors

  11. Linear methods in band theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, O. Krogh

    1975-01-01

    Two approximate methods for solving the band-structure problem in an efficient and physically transparent way are presented and discussed in detail. The variational principle for the one-electron Hamiltonian is used in both schemes, and the trial functions are linear combinations of energy......-independent augmented plane waves (APW) and muffin-tin orbitals (MTO), respectively. The secular equations are therefore eigenvalue equations, linear in energy. The trial functions are defined with respect to a muffin-tin (MT) potential and the energy bands depend on the potential in the spheres through potential...... parameters which describe the energy dependence of the logarithmic derivatives. Inside the spheres, the energy-independent APW is that linear combination of an exact solution, at the arbitrary but fixed energy Eν, and its energy derivative which matches continuously and differentiably onto the plane...

  12. ALMA Band 5 Cartridge Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Billade, Bhushan; Lapkin, I.; Nystrom, O.; Sundin, E.; Fredrixon, M.; Finger, R.; Rashid, H.; Desmaris, V.; Meledin, D.; Pavolotsky, A.; Belitsky, Victor

    2010-03-01

    Work presented here concerns the design and performance of the ALMA Band 5 cold cartridge, one of the 10 frequency channels of ALMA project, a radio interferometer under construction at Atacama Desert in Chile. The Band 5 cartridge is a dual polarization receiver with the polarization separation performed by orthomode transducer (OMT). For each polarization, Band 5 receiver employs sideband rejection (2SB) scheme based on quadrature layout, with SIS mixers covering 163-211 GHz with 4-8 GHz IF. The LO injection circuitry is integrated with mixer chip and is implemented on the same substrate, resulting in a compact 2SB assembly. Amongst the other ALMA bands, the ALMA Band 5 being the lowest frequency band that uses all cold optics, has the largest mirror. Consequently, ALMA Band 5 mirror along with its support structure leaves very little room for placing OMT, mixers and IF subsystems. The constraints put by the size of cold optics and limited cartridge space, required of us to revise the original 2SB design and adopt a design where all the components like OMT, mixer, IF hybrid, isolators and IF amplifier are directly connected to each other without using any co-ax cables in-between. The IF subsystem uses the space between 4 K and 15 K stage of the cartridge and is thermally connected to 4 K stage. Avoiding co-ax cabling required use of custom designed IF hybrid, furthermore, due to limited cooling capacity at 4 K stage, resistive bias circuitry for the mixers is moved to 15 K stage and the IF hybrid along with an integrated bias-T is implemented using superconducting micro-strip lines. The E-probes for both LO and RF waveguide-to-microstrip transitions are placed perpendicular to the wave direction (back-piece configuration). The RF choke at the end of the probes provides a virtual ground for the RF/LO signal, and the choke is DC grounded to the chassis. The on-chip LO injection is done using a microstrip line directional coupler with slot-line branches in the

  13. NCenter wide band neutrino beam

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This memo describes the physical properties of the currently operating N-Center wide band neutrino beam---commonly called the triplet train, following a past tradition of a triplet lens configuration. In reality, in order to gain a larger momentum acceptance and to minimize the angular divergence of the beam, a quadruplet beam (4 lenses) employing point-to-parallel optics at a central momentum of 300 GeV was built. 6 refs., 13 figs., 1 tab

  14. Shear Banding of Complex Fluids

    OpenAIRE

    Divoux, Thibaut; Fardin, Marc-Antoine; Manneville, Sebastien; Lerouge, Sandra

    2015-01-01

    Even in simple geometries many complex fluids display non-trivial flow fields, with regions where shear is concentrated. The possibility for such shear banding has been known since several decades, but the recent years have seen an upsurge of studies offering an ever more precise understanding of the phenomenon. The development of new techniques to probe the flow on multiple scales and with increasing spatial and temporal resolution has opened the possibility for a synthesis of the many pheno...

  15. Band-selective radiofrequency pulses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geen, Helen; Freeman, Ray

    A theoretical treatment is given of the general problem of designing amplitude-modulated radiofrequency pulses that will excite a specified band of frequencies within a high-resolution NMR spectrum with uniform intensity and phase but with negligible excitation elsewhere. First a trial pulse envelope is defined in terms of a finite Fourier series and its frequency-domain profile calculated through the Bloch equations. The result is compared with the desired target profile to give a multidimensional error surface. The method of simulated annealing is then used to find the global minimum on this surface and the result refined by standard gradient-descent optimization. In this manner, a family of new shaped radio-frequency pulses, known as BURP ( band-selective, uniform response, pure-phase) pulses, has been created. These are of two classes—pulses that excite or invert z magnetization and those that act as general-rotation πr/2 or π pulses irrespective of the initial condition of the nuclear magnetization. It was found convenient to design the latter class as amplitude-modulated time-symmetric pulses. Tables of Fourier coefficients and pulse-shape ordinates are given for practical implementation of BURP pulses, together with the calculated frequency-domain responses and experimental verifications. Examples of the application of band-selective pulses in conventional and multidimensional spectroscopy are given. Pure-phase pulses of this type should also find applications in magnetic resonance imaging where refocusing schemes are undesirable.

  16. Classification of Pasteurella species B as Pasteurella oralis sp. nov.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen, Henrik; Bertelsen, Mads F; Bojesen, Anders Miki; Bisgaard, Magne

    2012-06-01

    Pasteurella species B has so far only been reported from the oral cavity of dogs, cats and a ferret. In the present study, information from 15 recent isolates from different sources, including African hedgehogs (Atelerix albiventris), banded mongoose (Mungos mungo), Moholi bushbabies (Galago moholi) and pneumonia of a cat, were compared to five strains investigated previously from bite wounds in humans inflicted by a cat and dog and from gingiva of a cat. rpoB gene sequence comparison showed that 17 isolates, including the reference strain (CCUG 19794(T)), had identical sequences, whereas two were closely related and demonstrated 97.9 and 99.6 % similarity to strain CCUG 19794(T), respectively; the type strain of Pasteurella stomatis was the most closely related strain, with 92.3 % similarity. This is within the mean range (76-100 %) of rpoB gene sequence similarity between species of the same genus within the family Pasteurellaceae. 16S rRNA gene sequencing of four strains selected based on rpoB sequence comparison showed at least 99.7 % similarity between strains of Pasteurella species B, with 96.2 % similarity to the type strain of the closest related species (Pasteurella canis), indicating that Pasteurella species B should have separate species status. Separate species status was also documented when recN sequence comparisons were converted to a genome similarity of 93.7 % within Pasteurella species B and 59.0 % to the type strain of the closest related species (P. canis). Based on analysis of the phylogenetic and phenotypic data, and since most isolates originate from the oral cavities of a diverse group of animals, it is suggested that these bacteria be classified as Pasteurella oralis sp. nov.; the type strain is P683(T) ( = CCUG 19794(T) = CCM 7950(T) = strain 23193(T) = MCCM 00102(T)), obtained from a cat. Previous reports of the type strain have shown ubiquinone-8, demethylmenaquinone-8 and menaquinone-8 as the major quinones. Polyamines in the type

  17. Design of smooth orthogonal wavelets with beautiful structure from 2-band to 4-band

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    A complete algorithm to design 4-band orthogonal wavelets with beautiful structure from 2-band orthogonal wavelets is presented. For more smoothness, the conception of transfer vanishing moment is introduced by transplanting the requirements of vanishing moment from the 4-band wavelets to the 2-band ones. Consequently, the design of 4-band orthogonal wavelets with P vanishing moments and beautiful structure from 2-band ones with P transfer vanishing moments is completed.

  18. Relativistic Model for two-band Superconductivity

    OpenAIRE

    Ohsaku, Tadafumi

    2003-01-01

    To understand the superconductivity in MgB2, several two-band models of superconductivity were proposed. In this paper, by using the relativistic fermion model, we clearize the effect of the lower band in the superconductivity.

  19. Bonds and bands in semiconductors

    CERN Document Server

    Phillips, Jim

    2009-01-01

    This classic work on the basic chemistry and solid state physics of semiconducting materials is now updated and improved with new chapters on crystalline and amorphous semiconductors. Written by two of the world's pioneering materials scientists in the development of semiconductors, this work offers in a single-volume an authoritative treatment for the learning and understanding of what makes perhaps the world's most important engineered materials actually work. Readers will find: --' The essential principles of chemical bonding, electron energy bands and their relationship to conductive and s

  20. Identification of the UIR bands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Fred M.

    2016-06-01

    Starlight undergoing multiple scattering processes within fluffy grains results in extinction, UV 2175A bump, DIBs and the UIR bands. Spectroscopic lab and DIB data has identified the highly fluorescent molecule Dipyridyl Magnesium Tetrabenzoporphyrin (MgTBP). Reflection and Raman scattering experimental data will be presented which designates this molecule as the primary source for UIR signals. MgTBP sublimes at about 500OC. It is produced via high temperature plasma synthesis within and subsequently ejected from comets which in turn are by-products of solar system-planetary development. Interstellar dust is the left-over refuse which implies prodigious solar system evolution in each galaxy.

  1. Interface energy of two band superconductors

    OpenAIRE

    Geyer, Jani; Fernandes, Rafael M.; Kogan, V. G.; Schmalian, Jörg

    2010-01-01

    Using the Ginzburg-Landau theory for two-band superconductors, we determine the surface energy, sigma_s, between coexisting normal and superconducting states at the thermodynamic critical magnetic field. Close to the transition temperature, where the Ginzburg-Landau theory is applicable, we demonstrate that the two-band problem maps onto an effective single band problem. While the order parameters of the two bands may have different amplitudes in the homogeneous bulk, near the critical temper...

  2. Black Scholes’ model and Bollinger bands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Wei; Huang, Xudong; Zheng, Weian

    2006-11-01

    Bollinger bands are well-known in stock market as a popular technical analysis tool. We found that Black-Scholes stock price model had this Bollinger bands property also. In this paper, we give the proof of this phenomenon, and give a new distribution of a statistics generated by the Bollinger bands.

  3. High-energy band structure of gold

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, N. Egede

    1976-01-01

    The band structure of gold for energies far above the Fermi level has been calculated using the relativistic augmented-plane-wave method. The calculated f-band edge (Γ6-) lies 15.6 eV above the Fermi level is agreement with recent photoemission work. The band model is applied to interpret...

  4. Reconfigurable L-Band Radar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rincon, Rafael F.

    2008-01-01

    The reconfigurable L-Band radar is an ongoing development at NASA/GSFC that exploits the capability inherently in phased array radar systems with a state-of-the-art data acquisition and real-time processor in order to enable multi-mode measurement techniques in a single radar architecture. The development leverages on the L-Band Imaging Scatterometer, a radar system designed for the development and testing of new radar techniques; and the custom-built DBSAR processor, a highly reconfigurable, high speed data acquisition and processing system. The radar modes currently implemented include scatterometer, synthetic aperture radar, and altimetry; and plans to add new modes such as radiometry and bi-static GNSS signals are being formulated. This development is aimed at enhancing the radar remote sensing capabilities for airborne and spaceborne applications in support of Earth Science and planetary exploration This paper describes the design of the radar and processor systems, explains the operational modes, and discusses preliminary measurements and future plans.

  5. DUAL-BAND INFRARED DETECTORS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    As the infrared technology continues to advance, there is a growing demand for multispectral detectors for advanced IR systems with better target discrimination and identification. Both HgCdTe detectors and quantum well GaAs/AlGaAs photodetectors offer wavelength flexibility from medium wavelength to very long wavelength and multicolor capability in these regions. The main challenges facing all multicolor devices are more complicated device structtures, thicker and multilayer material growth, and more difficult device fabrication, especially when the array size gets larger and pixel size gets smaller. In the paper recent progress in development of two-color HgCdTe photodiodes and quantum well infrared photodetectors is presented.More attention is devoted to HgCdTe detectors. The two-color detector arrays are based upon an n-P-N (the capital letters mean the materials with larger bandgap energy) HgCdTe triple layer heterojunction design. Vertically stacking the two p-n junctions permits incorporation of both detectros into a single pixel. Both sequential mode and simultaneous mode detectors are fabricated. The mode of detection is determined by the fabrication process of the multilayer materials.Also the performances of stacked multicolor QWIPs detectors are presented. For multicolor arrays, QWIP's narrow band spectrum is an advantage, resulting in low spectral crosstalk. The major challenge for QWIP is developing broadband or multicolor optical coupling structures that permit efficient absorption of all required spectral bands.

  6. Thematic mapper studies band correlation analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ungar, S. G.; Kiang, R.

    1976-01-01

    Spectral data representative of thematic mapper candidate bands 1 and 3 to 7 were obtained by selecting appropriate combinations of bands from the JSC 24 channel multispectral scanner. Of all the bands assigned, only candidate bands 4 (.74 mu to .80 mu) and 5 (.80 mu to .91 mu) showed consistently high intercorrelation from region to region and time to time. This extremely high correlation persisted when looking at the composite data set in a multitemporal, multilocation domain. The GISS investigations lend positive confirmation to the hypothesis, that TM bands 4 and 5 are redundant.

  7. Vine type mutant induced in Vigna mungo L

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Dry seeds of the black gram variety T9 were irradiated with 10-30 kR gamma rays followed by treatment with 0.25% EMS. Several vine type mutants were obtained, showing 2.5 times increase in final plant height. Pollen fertility was normal, maturity period unaffected. Segregation ratio suggests monogenic recessive inheritance of the vine type. (author)

  8. Endoscopic Treatment of an extruded gastric band

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present the case of a patient in whom a gastric band was placed for the treatment of morbid obesity with good results of loss of weight. One year after the procedure the gastric band started to be extruded into the stomach and this was almost total at 26 months. At this time the band was held only by a small tissue bridge. We did two endoscopic procedures to extract the band. In the first one the tissue bridge was cut using the duodenoscope for a better vision and handling and a needle knife papilotome. The band could not be extracted at the time because it continued to be fixed by the connector to the subcutaneous reservoir. The reservoir had been previously removed. One week later in a second procedure the band was cut using a monofilament biliary wire guide and lithotriptor. Then the band could be extracted easily. We describe the procedures, the difficulties we had and how we resolved them

  9. Table of members of quasi-bands

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The probable members of the quasi-bands in even-even nuclei for Z between 6 and 100 are listed in this table. The terms quasi-bands have been introduced in the so-called spherical regions as the counter parts of the collective bands in the deformed regions. In the present compilation, the data for deformed nuclei are classified for convenience under the same titles, Quasi-Ground Band, Quasi-Beta Band and Quasi-Gamma Band, as are used for other nuclear regions. The present edition covers the literature through September, 1983. Fifteen newly discovered nuclides are included. The classification of energy level into quasi-bands is made on the basis of the systematic trend in the data over large groups of nuclei. (Kato, T.)

  10. Photonic band gap structure simulator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chiping; Shapiro, Michael A.; Smirnova, Evgenya I.; Temkin, Richard J.; Sirigiri, Jagadishwar R.

    2006-10-03

    A system and method for designing photonic band gap structures. The system and method provide a user with the capability to produce a model of a two-dimensional array of conductors corresponding to a unit cell. The model involves a linear equation. Boundary conditions representative of conditions at the boundary of the unit cell are applied to a solution of the Helmholtz equation defined for the unit cell. The linear equation can be approximated by a Hermitian matrix. An eigenvalue of the Helmholtz equation is calculated. One computation approach involves calculating finite differences. The model can include a symmetry element, such as a center of inversion, a rotation axis, and a mirror plane. A graphical user interface is provided for the user's convenience. A display is provided to display to a user the calculated eigenvalue, corresponding to a photonic energy level in the Brilloin zone of the unit cell.

  11. Variants of lumbosacral elastic band.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Cesar Santín Alfaro

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available It is made an intervention research, qualitative and quantitative of two variants of lumbosacral elastic bands used in Provincial Laboratory of Technical Orthopedics in Sancti Spiritus Province, taking into account the high demand for this device and that the laboratory do not often count with the raw material needed for the original lumbosacral belt made by denim cloth which is the conventional belt. The main goal of this research is to explain the technological process and to compare the cost of production of both elastic variants with lumbosacral belt made by cloth which are offer to patients who look for this service , giving them a rapid solution so that they can feel comfortable.

  12. Topics in topological band systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Zhoushen

    The discovery of integer quantum Hall effect and its subsequent theoretical formulation heralded a new paradigm of thinking in condensed matter physics, which has by now blossomed into the rapidly growing field of topological phases. In this work we investigate several mutually related topics in the framework of topological band theory. In Chapter 2, we study solutions to boundary states on a lattice and see how they are related to the bulk topology. To elicit a real space manifestation of the non-trivial topology, the presence of a physical edge is not strictly necessary. We study two other possibilities, namely the entanglement spectrum associated with an imaginary spatial boundary, and the localization centers of Wannier functions, in Chapters 3,4, and 5. Topological classification through discrete indices is so far possible only for systems described by pure quantum states---in the existing scheme, quantization is lost for systems in mixed states. In Chapter 6, we present a program through which discrete topological indices can be defined for topological band systems at finite temperature, based on Uhlmann's parallel transport of density matrices. The potential of topologocal insulators in realistic applications lies in the existence of Dirac nodes on its surface spectrum. Dirac physics, however, is not exclusive to TI surfaces. In a recently discovered class of materials known as Weyl semimetals, energy nodes which emit linear dispersions also occur in the bulk material. In Chapter 7, we study the possibility of resonance states induced by localized impurities near the nodal energy in Weyl semimetals, which will help us in understanding the stability of density-of-state suppression at the energy nodes. Finally, in Chapter 8, we apply the topological characterization developed for noninteracting particles to a class of interacting spin models in 3D, which are generalizations of Kitaev's honeycomb model, and identify several exotic quantum phases such as spin

  13. Topological Raman band in the carbon nanohorn.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sasaki, Ken-ichi; Sekine, Yoshiaki; Tateno, Kouta; Gotoh, Hideki

    2013-09-13

    Raman spectroscopy has been used in chemistry and physics to investigate the fundamental process involving light and phonons. The carbon nanohorn introduces a new subject to Raman spectroscopy, namely topology. We show theoretically that a photoexcited carrier with a nonzero winding number activates a topological D Raman band through the Aharonov-Bohm effect. The topology-induced D Raman band can be distinguished from the ordinary D Raman band for a graphene edge by its peak position. PMID:24074113

  14. Coherent band pathways between knots and links

    CERN Document Server

    Buck, Dorothy

    2014-01-01

    We categorise coherent band (aka nullification) pathways between knots and 2-component links. Additionally, we characterise the minimal coherent band pathways (with intermediates) between any two knots or 2-component links with small crossing number. We demonstrate these band surgeries for knots and links with small crossing number. We apply these results to place lower bounds on the minimum number of recombinant events separating DNA configurations, restrict the recombination pathways and determine chirality and/or orientation of the resulting recombinant DNA molecules.

  15. Possible chiral bands in 194Tl

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High spin states in 194Tl, excited through the 181Ta(18O,5n) fusion evaporation reaction, were studied using the AFRODITE array at iThemba LABS. Candidate chiral bands built on the πh9/2 x νi13/21 configuration were found. Furthermore these bands were observed through a band crossing caused by the excitation of a νi13/2 pair. Above the band crossing the excitation energies remain close, suggesting that chirality may persist for the four quasiparticle configuration too.

  16. Flat-band engineering of mobility edges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danieli, Carlo; Bodyfelt, Joshua D.; Flach, Sergej

    2015-06-01

    Properly modulated flat-band lattices have a divergent density of states at the flat-band energy. Quasiperiodic modulations are known to host a metal-insulator transition already in one space dimension. Their embedding into flat-band geometries consequently allows for a precise engineering and fine tuning of mobility edges. We obtain analytic expressions for singular mobility edges for two flat-band lattice examples. In particular, we engineer cases with arbitrarily small energy separations of mobility edge, zeroes, and divergencies.

  17. Comparison of X-Band, L-Band and C-Band Radar Images in Monitoring Subsidence in Agricultural Regions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motagh, Mahdi; Haghshenas Haghighi, Mahmud; Shamshiri, Roghaye; Esmaeili, Mustapha

    2015-05-01

    The ongoing pattern of groundwater induced land subsidence in major valleys and agricultural regions of Iran has been recently documented by several studies (e.g. [1-4]) using C-band Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) observations. In this article we present the results of our research in which we evaluated the performance of C-band, L-band and X-band SAR data, using time-series method of small baseline subset (SBAS), to retrieve long time series of ground subsidence in agricultural regions in the country. Two major groundwater basins have been selected for this purpose: (1) Rafsanjan Valley in the Kerman province of central Iran and (2) Tehran Plain (capital of Iran). We also report on our experience using dualpolarimetry (HH/VV) X-band SAR data for Persistent Scatterer (PS) deformation analysis in natural terrains subject to high rate of deformation.

  18. Solid State KA-Band, Solid State W-Band and TWT Amplifiers Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Phase I of the proposal describes plans to develop a state of the art transmitter for the W-Band and KA -Band Cloud Radar system. Our focus will be concentrated in...

  19. Semiconductor resonator solitons above band gap

    OpenAIRE

    Taranenko, V. B.; Weiss, C. O.; Stolz, W.

    2001-01-01

    We show experimentally the existence of bright and dark spatial solitons in semiconductor resonators for excitation above the band gap energy. These solitons can be switched on, both spontaneously and with address pulses, without the thermal delay found for solitons below the band gap which is unfavorable for applications. The differences between soliton properties above and below gap energy are discussed.

  20. Solid state ku-band power amplifier

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowers, H. C.; Lockyear, W. H.

    1972-01-01

    The design, fabrication, and testing of two types of IMPATT diode reflection amplifiers and a transmission amplifier are given. The Ku-band IMPATT diode development is discussed. Circuitry and electrical performance of the final version of the Ku-band amplifier is described. Construction details and an outline and mounting drawing are presented.

  1. Link adaptation in unlicensed radio bands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haartsen, Jaap C.; Schutter, George B.W.

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a new collaborative mechanism for efficient coordination of radio communication devices, in particular addressing the unlicensed ISM band at 2.4 GHz. As the traffic in the ISM band is increasing tremendously, the potential for interference between uncoordinated devices is becomin

  2. Low-Noise Band-Pass Amplifier

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleinberg, L.

    1982-01-01

    Circuit uses standard components to overcome common limitation of JFET amplifiers. Low-noise band-pass amplifier employs JFET and operational amplifier. High gain and band-pass characteristics are achieved with suitable choice of resistances and capacitances. Circuit should find use as low-noise amplifier, for example as first stage instrumentation systems.

  3. Maximizing band gaps in plate structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Halkjær, Søren; Sigmund, Ole; Jensen, Jakob Søndergaard

    2006-01-01

    Band gaps, i.e., frequency ranges in which waves cannot propagate, can be found in elastic structures for which there is a certain periodic modulation of the material properties or structure. In this paper, we maximize the band gap size for bending waves in a Mindlin plate. We analyze an infinite...

  4. Getting Elementary Students Involved in Band

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Patience

    2009-01-01

    The author discusses getting elementary students involved in a band. The goals of an elementary band instructor should include introduction of good practice habits, working within an ensemble, and rehearsal procedures, along with the focusing on the essentials of music. Instructors should let students use the basic instruments: flute, clarinet,…

  5. Low band gap polymers for organic photovoltaics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bundgaard, Eva; Krebs, Frederik C

    2007-01-01

    Low band gap polymer materials and their application in organic photovoltaics (OPV) are reviewed. We detail the synthetic approaches to low band gap polymer materials starting from the early methodologies employing quinoid homopolymer structures to the current state of the art that relies...

  6. An Example of Suppression of Spurious Stop-Bands of EBG Band-Stop Filter

    OpenAIRE

    Dušan Nešić; Branko Kolundžija

    2011-01-01

    Based on the well known theory of infinite periodic structures, analytical theory of EBG (electromagnetic band gap) cells suppressing 6 higher (spurious) stop-bands is developed. Using such cells in a cascade the straight-forward procedure for design of the corresponding EBG band-stop filter is proposed, with possibility to control the width and the depth of the stop-band. The analytical theory is confirmed by the EM simulation of the filter realized in the microstrip technology.

  7. Signature and parity splitting in rotational bands and chiral bands. Double minimum potential model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effects of the signature and parity splitting in nuclear spectra and the properties of the chiral bands are analyzed basing on a one-dimensional Schrödinger equation with a double-minimum potential. Rotational bands in odd axial nuclei, alternating parity bands in even-even nuclei and the chiral bands in odd-odd nuclei are considered. The results obtained are discussed.

  8. Bulk band gaps in divalent hexaborides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Denlinger, Jonathan; Clack, Jules A.; Allen, James W.; Gweon, Gey-Hong; Poirier, Derek M.; Olson, Cliff G.; Sarrao, John L.; Bianchi, Andrea D.; Fisk, Zachary

    2002-08-01

    Complementary angle-resolved photoemission and bulk-sensitive k-resolved resonant inelastic x-ray scattering of divalent hexaborides reveal a >1 eV X-point gap between the valence and conduction bands, in contradiction to the band overlap assumed in several models of their novel ferromagnetism. This semiconducting gap implies that carriers detected in transport measurements arise from defects, and the measured location of the bulk Fermi level at the bottom of the conduction band implicates boron vacancies as the origin of the excess electrons. The measured band structure and X-point gap in CaB6 additionally provide a stringent test case for proper inclusion of many-body effects in quasi-particle band calculations.

  9. Extraction of Optimal Spectral Bands Using Hierarchical Band Merging Out of Hyperspectral Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Bris, A.; Chehata, N.; Briottet, X.; Paparoditis, N.

    2015-08-01

    Spectral optimization consists in identifying the most relevant band subset for a specific application. It is a way to reduce hyperspectral data huge dimensionality and can be applied to design specific superspectral sensors dedicated to specific land cover applications. Spectral optimization includes both band selection and band extraction. On the one hand, band selection aims at selecting an optimal band subset (according to a relevance criterion) among the bands of a hyperspectral data set, using automatic feature selection algorithms. On the other hand, band extraction defines the most relevant spectral bands optimizing both their position along the spectrum and their width. The approach presented in this paper first builds a hierarchy of groups of adjacent bands, according to a relevance criterion to decide which adjacent bands must be merged. Then, band selection is performed at the different levels of this hierarchy. Two approaches were proposed to achieve this task : a greedy one and a new adaptation of an incremental feature selection algorithm to this hierarchy of merged bands.

  10. Electronic band structure of beryllium oxide

    CERN Document Server

    Sashin, V A; Kheifets, A S; Ford, M J

    2003-01-01

    The energy-momentum resolved valence band structure of beryllium oxide has been measured by electron momentum spectroscopy (EMS). Band dispersions, bandwidths and intervalence bandgap, electron momentum density (EMD) and density of occupied states have been extracted from the EMS data. The experimental results are compared with band structure calculations performed within the full potential linear muffin-tin orbital approximation. Our experimental bandwidths of 2.1 +- 0.2 and 4.8 +- 0.3 eV for the oxygen s and p bands, respectively, are in accord with theoretical predictions, as is the s-band EMD after background subtraction. Contrary to the calculations, however, the measured p-band EMD shows large intensity at the GAMMA point. The measured full valence bandwidth of 19.4 +- 0.3 eV is at least 1.4 eV larger than the theory. The experiment also finds a significantly higher value for the p-to-s-band EMD ratio in a broad momentum range compared to the theory.

  11. Microstructural banding effects clarified through micrographic digital image correlation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Microstructural banding is commonly observed in commercial steels, but its effect on the global mechanical properties is still disputed in the literature. This letter investigates the influence of band morphology and banding phase properties from tensile tests for two limit cases (continuous hard band vs. discontinuous softer band), analysed from digital image correlation of in situ electron microscopy micrographs. The effects of band continuity and hardness are elucidated, yielding a clear detrimental influence especially for hard bands with a continuous morphology.

  12. Dual-band frequency selective surface with large band separation and stable performance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou Hang; Xu Zhuo; Qu Shao-Bo; Peng Wei-Dong; Lin Bao-Qin; Wang Jia-Fu; Ma Hua; Zhang Jie-Qiu; Bai Peng; Wang Xu-Hua

    2012-01-01

    A new technique of designing a dual-band frequency selective surface with large band separation is presented.This technique is based on a delicately designed topology of L-and Ku-band microwave filters.The two band-pass responses are generated by a capacitively-loaded square-loop frequency selective surface and an aperture-coupled frequency selective surface,respectively.A Faraday cage is located between the two frequency selective surface structures to eliminate undesired couplings.Based on this technique,a dual-band frequency selective surface with large band separation is designed,which possesses large band separation,high selectivity,and stable performance under various incident angles and different polarizations.

  13. Rotational bands and chirality in 194Tl

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The high-spin states in 194Tl were studied using the 181Ta(18O, 5n) reaction and the AFRODITE γ -ray spectrometer at iThemba LABS. The level scheme of 194Tl was considerably extended with several new bands. Three negative-parity 4-quasiparticle bands were observed and associated with πh9/2 x νi13/2-3 configurations. Two of these form a candidate chiral pair with excellent near-degeneracy. In addition two new positive-parity bands were found. (orig.)

  14. Multi-band Modelling of Appearance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stegmann, Mikkel Bille; Larsen, Rasmus

    2003-01-01

    appearance of both derived feature bands and an intensity band. As a special case of feature-band augmented appearance modelling we propose a dedicated representation with applications to face segmentation. The representation addresses a major problem within face recognition by lowering the sensitivity to......Earlier work has demonstrated generative models capable of synthesising near photo-realistic grey-scale images of objects. These models have been augmented with colour information, and recently with edge information. This paper extends the active appearance model framework by modelling the...

  15. Multi-band Modelling of Appearance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stegmann, Mikkel Bille; Larsen, Rasmus

    2002-01-01

    appearance of both derived feature bands and an intensity band. As a special case of feature-band augmented appearance modelling we propose a dedicated representation with applications to face segmentation. The representation addresses a major problem within face recognition by lowering the sensitivity to......Earlier work has demonstrated generative models capable of synthesising near photo-realistic grey-scale images of objects. These models have been augmented with colour information, and recently with edge information. This paper extends the Active Appearance Model framework by modelling the...

  16. One-Dimensional Anisotropic Band Gap Structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The band gap structure of one-dimensional anisotropic photonic crystal has been studied by means of the transfer matrix formalism. From the analytic expressions and numeric calculations we see some general characteristics of the band gap structure of anisotropic photonic crystals, each band separates into two branches and the two branches react to polarization sensitively. In the practical case of oblique incidence, gaps move towards high frequency when the angle of incidence increases. Under some special conditions, the two branches become degenerate again.

  17. The Novel Microwave Stop-Band Filter

    OpenAIRE

    Chernobrovkin, R. E.; Ivanchenko, I. V.; Korolev, A. M.; Popenko, N. A.; K. Yu. Sirenko

    2008-01-01

    The stop-band filter with the new band-rejection element is proposed. The element is a coaxial waveguide with the slot in the centre conductor. In the frame of this research, the numerical and experimental investigations of the amplitude-frequency characteristics of the filter are carried out. It is noted that according to the slot parameters the two typical resonances (half-wave and quarter-wave) can be excited. The rejection band of the single element is defined by the width, depth, and die...

  18. Asymmetric acoustic transmission in multiple frequency bands

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report both experimentally and numerically that the multi-band device of the asymmetric acoustic transmission is realized by placing two periodic gratings with different periods on both sides of two brass plates immersed in water. The asymmetric acoustic transmission can exist in four frequency bands below 1500 kHz, which arises from the interaction between various diffractions from the two gratings and Lamb modes in the brass plates immersed in water. The results indicate that the device has the advantages of multiple band, broader bandwidth, and simpler structure. Our finding should have great potential applications in ultrasonic devices

  19. Deformed intruder band in 113I

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High-spin states in the neutron-deficient 113I nucleus have been investigated for the first time using the 58Ni(58Ni,3pγ) reaction. Gamma-ray coincidence data were acquired with the Eurogam spectrometer in conjunction with the Daresbury recoil mass separator. A deformed intruder band has been established extending to a spin approaching 40ℎ and excitation energy 30 MeV. A possible structure for the band is discussed. This is the first evidence for such a band in this mass region with Z>51

  20. Configurations of superdeformed bands in 193Pb

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The six superdeformed bands in 193Pb have been studied with the EUROGAM 2 γ-ray spectrometer using the 168Er(30Si,5n)193Pb reaction. The results are discussed in terms of Cranked-Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov-Lipkin-Nogami calculations. The bands are interpreted as three pairs of signature partners based on quasineutron excitations. Dipole transitions linking two signature partner superdeformed bands have been observed and, for the first time in lead isotopes, the branching ratio has been extracted. (author)

  1. Chiral geometry in multiple chiral doublet bands

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, Hao

    2015-01-01

    The chiral geometry of the multiple chiral doublet bands with identical configuration is discussed for different triaxial deformation parameters $\\gamma$ in the particle rotor model with $\\pi h_{11/2}\\otimes \

  2. Broadband V-band angular transition

    OpenAIRE

    Shcherbyna, Olga A.; Yashchyshyn, Yevhen

    2016-01-01

    A model of broadband V-band transition from a rectangular air-filled waveguide to substrate integrated waveguide has been proposed. Theoretical principles used for constructing the model of transition are also presented.

  3. Lake Louise waterfowl banding report, Alaska, 1954

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The report covers the Lake Louise, Alaska banding status. The itinerary for the project, study and methods are discussed. Brood observations are provided.

  4. The Novel Microwave Stop-Band Filter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. E. Chernobrovkin

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The stop-band filter with the new band-rejection element is proposed. The element is a coaxial waveguide with the slot in the centre conductor. In the frame of this research, the numerical and experimental investigations of the amplitude-frequency characteristics of the filter are carried out. It is noted that according to the slot parameters the two typical resonances (half-wave and quarter-wave can be excited. The rejection band of the single element is defined by the width, depth, and dielectric filling of the slot. Fifth-order Chebyshev filter utilizing the aforementioned element is also synthesized, manufactured, and tested. The measured and simulated results are in good agreement. The experimental filter prototype exhibits the rejection band 0.86 GHz at the level −40 dB.

  5. Multiple band circularly polarized microstrip antenna

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, I. P. (Inventor)

    1980-01-01

    A multiple antenna assembly for communicating electromagnetic radiation is disclosed. An antenna element stack is constructed of a plurality of elliptical lamina antenna elements mutally separated by layers of dielectric material, and separated from a ground plane by dielectric material. The antenna assembly is coupled through a feed line in contact with the top antenna element. A conductor joins the remaining antenna elements to the ground plane. Each individual antenna element is operable for communication reception and transmission within a frequency band determined by the size of the particular antenna element. The sizes of the antenna elements may be selected to provide electromagnetic radiation communication over several distinct frequency bands, or to connect the individual bands into a broad band.

  6. New band-notched UWB antenna

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HE Xiao-xiang; DENG Hong-wei

    2009-01-01

    A simple and compact ultra wideband (UWB) printed monopole antenna with band-notched performance is proposed in this paper. The antenna is partially grounded so that the Q value is depressed and the impedance bandwidth is broadened. A small strip bar is loaded on each arm of the similar U-shaped radiator. The impedance bandwidth of the antenna overlap with IEEE 802.11a is rejected consequently. The geometry parameters of the antenna are investigated and optimized with HFSS. The measured bandwidth of the proposed antenna occupies about 7.89 GHz covering from 3.05 GHz to 10.94 GHz with expected notched band from 4.96 GHz to 5.98 GHz. A quasi-omnidirectional and quasi-symmetrical radiation pattern in the whole band is also obtained. As a result, a UWB wireless communication system can be simplified with the band-notched UWB antenna presented.

  7. Shear banding in mesoscopic dusty plasma liquids

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We experimentally demonstrate shear banding and construct a microscopic dynamic picture of a sheared 2D mesoscopic dust Coulomb liquid at the kinetic level. Under the topological constraints from the discreteness and finite boundary, the nonlinear threshold-type response of motion to the local stress induced by thermal and external drives leads to shear thinning and the enhanced avalanche-type local topological transitions with stress relaxation in the form of clusters. It causes the formation of the outer shear bands in which the mean shear rate, the velocity fluctuations, and the structural rearrangement rate are all enhanced, and leaves a weakly perturbed center band. The typical size of the cooperative hopping vortex (about three interparticle distance) sets up a common length scale for the widths of the confinement induced layering and the shear band

  8. Experimental study on the adiabatic shear bands

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Four martensitic steels (Z50CDV5 steel, 28CND8 steel, 35NCDV16 steel and 4340 steel) with different hardness between 190 and 600 Hsub(B) (Brinell hardness), have been studied by means of dynamic compressive tests on split Hopkinson pressure bar. Microscopic observations show that the fracture are associated to the development of adiabatic shear bands (except 4340 steel with 190 Hsub(B) hardness). By means of tests for which the deformation is stopped at predetermined levels, the measurement of shear and hardness inside the band and the matrix indicates the chronology of this phenomenon: first the localization of shear, followed by the formation of adiabatic shear band and ultimatly crack initiation and propagation. These results correlated with few simulations by finite elements have permitted to suggest two mecanisms of deformation leading to the formation of adiabatic shear bands in this specific test

  9. Banded Householder representation of linear subspaces

    CERN Document Server

    Irving, Geoffrey

    2011-01-01

    We show how to compactly represent any $n$-dimensional subspace of $R^m$ as a banded product of Householder reflections using $n(m - n)$ floating point numbers. This is optimal since these subspaces form a Grassmannian space $Gr_n(m)$ of dimension $n(m - n)$. The representation is stable and easy to compute: any matrix can be factored into the product of a banded Householder matrix and a square matrix using two to three QR decompositions.

  10. Summing graphs for random band matrices

    OpenAIRE

    Silvestrov, P. G.

    1996-01-01

    A method of resummation of infinite series of perturbation theory diagrams is applied for studying the properties of random band matrices. The topological classification of Feynman diagrams, which was actively used in last years for matrix model regularization of 2d-gravity, turns out to be very useful for band matrices. The critical behavior at the edge of spectrum and the asymptotics of energy level correlation function are considered. This correlation function together with the hypothesis ...

  11. Collective dipole rotational bands in 197Pb

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nucleus 197Pb was populated via the 186W(17O, 6n)197Pb reaction at beam energies of 98 and 110 MeV. Two regular ΔI=1 bands of magnetic dipole transitions have been found. Possible interpretations in terms of collective oblate configurations involving high-K proton orbitals coupled to three i13/2 neutrons are discussed. The similarities between several of the bands discovered in 197-200Pb nuclei are emphasized. (orig.)

  12. Development of Sintered Iron Driving Bands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. P. Khanna

    1974-07-01

    Full Text Available The present investigation reports some detailed studies carried out on the development testing and proving of sintered Iron Driving Bands. Sintering studies on two different types of iron powders together with a few Fe-Cu compositions have been made and based on the results there of, parameters for development iron driving bands have been standardised. The results obtained clearly demonstrate that substitution of copper by sintered iron is highly practicable alternative.

  13. Dual-band Omnidirectional Circularly Polarized Antenna

    OpenAIRE

    Narbudowicz, Adam; Bao, Xiulong; Ammann, Max

    2013-01-01

    A dual-band omnidirectional circularly polarized antenna is proposed. The antenna comprises back-to-back microstrip patches fed by a coplanar waveguide. A very low frequency ratio of 1.182 has been achieved, which can be easily tuned by adjusting four lumped capacitors incorporated into the antenna. An analysis of the omnidirectional circular polarization mechanism as well the dual band operation is provided and confirmed by numerical and experimental data. Key parameters to tune the resonant...

  14. Exploring the thermodynamics of a rubber band

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roundy, David; Rogers, Michael

    2013-01-01

    We describe an upper-division experiment in thermal physics where students measure the tension of a rubber band as a function of temperature and length and use a Maxwell relation to find the change in internal energy and entropy for an isothermal stretch. This allows students to experimentally check the predictions of the entropic spring model for elastomers and observe that the entropy does indeed decrease as a rubber band is stretched.

  15. Amniotic Band Syndrome - A Dreaded Condition

    OpenAIRE

    R, Durga; Renukadevi, T. K.

    2016-01-01

    Amniotic band syndrome is a unique condition in which amnion a normal structure causes complications. A case of second gravid, obese who is a known diabetic came to OPD at 13 weeks pregnancy for regular antenatal check up. A routine ultrasonogram was advised in which multiple anomalies were noted and the diagnosis of amniotic band syndrome was made. The parents were counseled for medical termination of pregnancy and after obtaining the consent termination were performed and the parents were a...

  16. Band spectrum is D-brane

    CERN Document Server

    Hashimoto, Koji

    2015-01-01

    We show that band spectrum of topological insulators can be identified as the shape of D-branes in string theory. The identification is based on a relation between the Berry connection associated with the band structure and the ADHM/Nahm construction of solitons whose geometric realization is available with D-branes. We also show that chiral and helical edge states are identified as D-branes representing a noncommutative monopole.

  17. Lupus nephritis and lupus band test.

    OpenAIRE

    Adam, B. A.; Wang, F; Looi, L. M.; Prathap, K.

    1981-01-01

    Twenty-seven patients with histologically confirmed lupus nephritis were studied to identify the incidence of lupus band and its significance to histological patterns of nephritis and complement levels. It was found that the kidney involvement is 2.5 times more frequent in lupus band positive patients. The association of a positive lupus and low C3 level signifies the presence of diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis rather than membranous glomerulonephritis. The results, together with ear...

  18. An empirical basis for Mach bands

    OpenAIRE

    Lotto, R. Beau; Williams, S. Mark; Purves, Dale

    1999-01-01

    Mach bands, the illusory brightness maxima and minima perceived at the initiation and termination of luminance gradients, respectively, are generally considered a direct perceptual manifestation of lateral inhibitory interactions among retinal or other lower order visual neurons. Here we examine an alternative explanation, namely that Mach bands arise as a consequence of real-world luminance gradients. In this first of two companion papers, we analyze the natural sources of luminance gradient...

  19. Intraluminal penetration of the band in patients with adjustable silicone gastric banding: radiological findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pretolesi, F.; Derchi, L.E. [Cattedra di Radiologia R, Univ. di Genova (Italy); Camerini, G.; Gianetta, E.; Marinari, G.M.; Scopinaro, N. [Semeiotica Chirurgica R, Univ. di Genova (Italy)

    2001-03-01

    The aim of this study was to analyse radiological findings in patients surgically treated for adjustable silicone gastric banding (ASGB) for morbid obesity complicated by band penetration into the gastric lumen. We reviewed the records of four patients with surgically confirmed penetration of gastric band into the gastric lumen; three had preoperative opaque meal, one only a plain abdominal film. Vomiting was the presenting symptom in two cases, whereas others had new weight gain and loss of early satiety. Two patients had normally closed bands: radiography showed that their position had changed from previous controls and the barium meal had passed out of their lumen. Two patients had an open band. One patient had the band at the duodeno-jejunal junction, and the tube connecting the band to the subcutaneous port presented a winding course suggesting the duodenum. In the other case, both plain film and barium studies failed to demonstrate with certainty the intragastric position of the band. As ASGB is becoming widely used, radiologists need to be familiar with its appearances and its complications. Band penetration into the stomach is a serious complication which needs band removal. Patients with this problem, often with non-specific symptoms and even those who are asymptomatic, are encountered during radiographic examinations requested either for gastric problems or follow-up purposes, and have to be properly diagnosed. (orig.)

  20. Intraluminal penetration of the band in patients with adjustable silicone gastric banding: radiological findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this study was to analyse radiological findings in patients surgically treated for adjustable silicone gastric banding (ASGB) for morbid obesity complicated by band penetration into the gastric lumen. We reviewed the records of four patients with surgically confirmed penetration of gastric band into the gastric lumen; three had preoperative opaque meal, one only a plain abdominal film. Vomiting was the presenting symptom in two cases, whereas others had new weight gain and loss of early satiety. Two patients had normally closed bands: radiography showed that their position had changed from previous controls and the barium meal had passed out of their lumen. Two patients had an open band. One patient had the band at the duodeno-jejunal junction, and the tube connecting the band to the subcutaneous port presented a winding course suggesting the duodenum. In the other case, both plain film and barium studies failed to demonstrate with certainty the intragastric position of the band. As ASGB is becoming widely used, radiologists need to be familiar with its appearances and its complications. Band penetration into the stomach is a serious complication which needs band removal. Patients with this problem, often with non-specific symptoms and even those who are asymptomatic, are encountered during radiographic examinations requested either for gastric problems or follow-up purposes, and have to be properly diagnosed. (orig.)

  1. Design of Compact Penta-Band and Hexa-Band Microstrip Antennas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srivastava, Kunal; Kumar, Ashwani; Kanaujia, Binod K.

    2016-03-01

    This paper presents the design of two multi-band microstrip antennas. The antenna-1 gives Penta-Band and antenna-2 gives Hexa-band in the WLAN band. The frequency bands of the antenna-1 are Bluetooth 2.47 GHz (2.43 GHz-2.54 GHz), WiMax band 3.73 GHz (3.71 GHz-3.77 GHz), WLAN 5.1 GHz (4.99 GHz-5.13 GHz), upper WLAN 6.36 GHz (6.29 GHz-6.43 GHz), C band band 7.42 GHz (7.32 GHz-7.50 GHz) and the antenna-2 are WLAN band 2.6 GHz (2.56 GHz-2.63 GHz), 3.0 GHz (2.94 GHz-3.05 GHz), WiMax band 3.4 GHz (3.34 GHz-3.55 GHz), 4.85 GHz (4.81 GHz-4.92 GHz), WLAN 5.3 GHz (5.27 GHz-5.34 GHz) and upper WLAN 6.88 GHz. Both the antennas are fabricated and their measured results are presented to validate the simulated results. Proposed antennas have compact sizes and good radiation performances.

  2. Hyperspectral band selection based on parallel particle swarm optimization and impurity function band prioritization schemes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Yang-Lang; Liu, Jin-Nan; Chen, Yen-Lin; Chang, Wen-Yen; Hsieh, Tung-Ju; Huang, Bormin

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, satellite imaging technologies have resulted in an increased number of bands acquired by hyperspectral sensors, greatly advancing the field of remote sensing. Accordingly, owing to the increasing number of bands, band selection in hyperspectral imagery for dimension reduction is important. This paper presents a framework for band selection in hyperspectral imagery that uses two techniques, referred to as particle swarm optimization (PSO) band selection and the impurity function band prioritization (IFBP) method. With the PSO band selection algorithm, highly correlated bands of hyperspectral imagery can first be grouped into modules to coarsely reduce high-dimensional datasets. Then, these highly correlated band modules are analyzed with the IFBP method to finely select the most important feature bands from the hyperspectral imagery dataset. However, PSO band selection is a time-consuming procedure when the number of hyperspectral bands is very large. Hence, this paper proposes a parallel computing version of PSO, namely parallel PSO (PPSO), using a modern graphics processing unit (GPU) architecture with NVIDIA's compute unified device architecture technology to improve the computational speed of PSO processes. The natural parallelism of the proposed PPSO lies in the fact that each particle can be regarded as an independent agent. Parallel computation benefits the algorithm by providing each agent with a parallel processor. The intrinsic parallel characteristics embedded in PPSO are, therefore, suitable for parallel computation. The effectiveness of the proposed PPSO is evaluated through the use of airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer hyperspectral images. The performance of PPSO is validated using the supervised K-nearest neighbor classifier. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed PPSO/IFBP band selection method can not only improve computational speed, but also offer a satisfactory classification performance.

  3. Late Band Migration After SAGB. Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meissner Wiktor

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Obesity, a major public health issue of the 21st century, is increasingly common in adults and children. No good results of pharmacological treatment of obesity results in rapid development of bariatric surgery, which treats obesity and comorbidities associated. There are many surgical options for treating obesity. Options for surgical management of morbid obesity include restrictive (adjustable gastric banding, vertical band gastroplasty, restrictive/resective (sleeve gastrectomy, restrictive/malabsorptive (Rouxen-Y gastric by-pass, biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch and purely malabsorptive procedures (duodenal switch. Among them, swedish adjustable gastric banding (SAGB or laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB have been more frequently performed. SAGB is considered to be safe and effective method of weight loss and elimination of diseases associated with obesity. Laparoscopic gastric banding offers the advantages of minimally invasive surgery, adjustability, and reversibility. Despite fewer number of complications than other bariatric operations, patients after SAGB may have unique complications that are characteristic of the SAGB and require special management and treatment. This paper presents a rare case of complete migration of the band into the gastric lumen.

  4. Analysis of shear banding in twelve materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batra, R. C.; Kim, C. H.

    The problem of the initiation and growth of shear bands in 12 different materials, namely, OFHC copper, Cartridge brass, Nickel 200, Armco IF (interstitial free) iron, Carpenter electric iron, 1006 steel, 2024-T351 aluminum, 7039 aluminum, low alloy steel, S-7 tool steel, Tungsten alloy, and Depleted Uranium (DU -0.75 Ti) is studied with the objectives of finding out when a shear band initiates, and upon what parameters does the band width depend. The nonlinear coupled partial differential equations governing the overall simple shearing deformations of a thermally softening viscoplastic block are analyzed. It is assumed that the thermomechanical response of these materials can be adequately represented by the Johnson-Cook law, and the only inhomogeneity present in the block is the variation in its thickness. The effect of the defect size on the initiation and subsequent growth of the band is also studied. It is found that, for each one of these 12 materials, the deformation has become nonhomogeneous by the time the maximum shear stress occurs. Also the band width, computed when the shear stress has dropped to 85 percent of its peak value, does not correlate well with the thermal conductivity of the material. The band begins to grow rapidly when the shear stress has dropped to 90 percent of its maximum value.

  5. Band reporting rates for mallards with reward bands of different dollar values

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robbins, C.S.

    1991-01-01

    Adult male mallards (Anas platyrhynchos ) were banded in summer 1987 with reward bands of different dollar values (0-$400) to determine the lowest dollar value that would yield a reporting rate approaching 1.0. During the 1987-88 and 1988-89 hunting seasons, rewards of between 50 and $100 were required to yield a reporting rate near 1.0. We estimated reporting rate of standard bands to be 0.32. Reward bands with 5 and $10 values produced reporting rates that were 1.5-2.0 times as large as those of standard bands. We developed a linear-logistic model to predict reporting rate as a function of the dollar value of reward bands.

  6. ISM band to U-NII band frequency transverter and method of frequency transversion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stepp, Jeffrey David; Hensley, Dale

    2006-09-12

    A frequency transverter (10) and method for enabling bi-frequency dual-directional transfer of digitally encoded data on an RF carrier by translating between a crowded or otherwise undesirable first frequency band, such as the 2.4 GHz ISM band, and a less-crowded or otherwise desirable second frequency band, such as the 5.0 GHz 6.0 GHz U-NII band. In a preferred embodiment, the transverter (10) connects between an existing data radio (11) and its existing antenna (30), and comprises a bandswitch (12); an input RF isolating device (14); a transmuter (16); a converter (18); a dual output local oscillator (20); an output RF isolating device (22); and an antenna (24) tuned to the second frequency band. The bandswitch (12) allows for bypassing the transverter (10), thereby facilitating its use with legacy systems. The transmuter (14) and converter (16) are adapted to convert to and from, respectively, the second frequency band.

  7. Correlation of β-band with ground state band in medium mass nuclei

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The low energy levels of even Z even N nuclei in medium mass region A = 150-200 away from closed shells develop collective characteristics. The lowest levels can be grouped into three K-bands. The lowest one based on the ground state forms the ground state rotational band. The rotational band, based on the axially symmetric vibration of the nuclear core with K= 02 is called the beta vibrational band. The one based on the axially asymmetric vibration of the nuclear core with K=2 projection on the symmetry axis is called the K=2, γ-vibrational band. There is interest in the nature of the K= 02 band. This is called the geometric view of the Bohr Mottelson unified collective model

  8. Competition between triaxial bands and highly deformed intruder bands around 180Os

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Angular momentum alignment processes in nuclei around 180Os are discussed within the deformed shell model using the Woods-Saxon potential and the monopole pairing interaction. The crossings between bands of different structures are analysed and predictions are made for the possible observation of highly deformed intruder bands. Predictions of Q0 moments are presented for the highly deformed bands and tables of calculated deformations for 178-183Os are given. (orig.)

  9. Detection of the bright band with a vertically pointing k-band radar

    OpenAIRE

    Thomas Pfaff; Alexander Engelbrecht; Jochen Seidel

    2014-01-01

    Quantitative precipitation estimation based on weather radar data suffers from a variety of errors. During stratiform events, a region of enhanced reflectivity, called the bright band, leads to large positive biases in the precipitation estimates when compared with ground measurements. The identification of the bright band is an important step when trying to correct weather radar data for this effect. In this study we investigate three different methods to identify the bright band from profil...

  10. 1972 mourning dove banding: Clarence Cannon National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report summarizes mourning dove banding on Clarence Cannon NWR during the summer of 1972. A total of 500 doves were banded; a breakdown of the number banded...

  11. Search for superdeformed bands in 154Dy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The island of superdeformation in the vicinity of the doubly magic 152Dy yrast superdeformed (SD) band is thought to be well understood in the framework of cranked mean field calculations. In particular, the calculations suggested that in 154Dy there should be no yrast or near yrast SD minimum in the 40-60 h spin range, where SD bands in this mass region are thought to be 153Dy nucleus, it is populated. However, with the presence of five SD bands in the neighboring necessary to ascertain if the addition of one single neutron diminishes the importance of shell effects to the extent that superdeformation can no longer be sustained. In an experiment utilizing the increased resolving power of the early implementation phase of Gammasphere, the reaction 122Sn(36S,4n) at 165 MeV was employed to populate high spin states in 154Dy. In a four-day run with 36 detectors, over one billion triple and higher fold coincidence events were recorded. One new SD band was identified and was assigned to 154Dy. From comparisons with the Im(2) moments of inertia of the SD bands in 152Dy and 153Dy, a configuration based on (514)9/22 neutrons coupled to the 152Dy SD core was proposed. One unexpected and as yet unexplained feature of this new SD band is that the transition energies are almost identical to those of an excited SD band in 153Dy. It is also worth noting that the feeding of the yrast states is similar to that achieved by the deexcitation from the ensemble of all entry states in the reaction. This observation emphasizes the statistical nature of the decay-out process. A paper reporting these results was accepted for publication

  12. Dual-band electromagnetic band gap structure for noise isolation in mixed signal SiP

    OpenAIRE

    Rotaru, M. D.; Sykulski, J. K.

    2010-01-01

    A compact dual-band electromagnetic band-gap (EBG) structure is proposed. It is shown through numerical simulation using 3D electromagnetic finite element modelling that by adding a slit to the classical mushroom shape an extra resonance is introduced and thus dual-band EBG structures can be built by cascading these new elements. It is also demonstrated that this novel approach can be used to isolate noise in a system such as a dual band transceiver integrated into a mixed signal system in a ...

  13. An Example of Suppression of Spurious Stop-Bands of EBG Band-Stop Filter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dušan Nešić

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Based on the well known theory of infinite periodic structures, analytical theory of EBG (electromagnetic band gap cells suppressing 6 higher (spurious stop-bands is developed. Using such cells in a cascade the straight-forward procedure for design of the corresponding EBG band-stop filter is proposed, with possibility to control the width and the depth of the stop-band. The analytical theory is confirmed by the EM simulation of the filter realized in the microstrip technology.

  14. Design of Folded Multilayer Microstrip Tri-Band Hairpin Band Pass Filter

    OpenAIRE

    K. Vidhya; T. Jayanthy

    2013-01-01

    This study presents a novel approach for realizing miniaturized multi layer folded tri band micro-strip band pass filter for Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) and Worldwide interoperatability for Microwave Access (WiMAX) applications. The proposed filter consists of a pair of folded hairpin stepped impedance resonators and pair of open loop resonators to achieve tri-band performance. The size of the folded micro-strip tri-band filter is reduced by nearly 60% due to the structural folding arr...

  15. Matched Quantization and Band Separation in a Direct Sampling Dual Band GNSS Receiver for Civil Aviation

    OpenAIRE

    Blais, Antoine; Macabiau, Christophe; Julien, Olivier

    2013-01-01

    This paper studies the application of the Direct Sampling technique to GNSS receivers dedicated to Civil Aviation usage. After a description of the specific spectral environment to be withstood by such receivers, two previously proposed architectures are reviewed. In the first one the E5a/L5 band and the E1/L1 band are sampled by a unique ADC, providing full coherency between bands. In the second architecture each band is sampled separately. The minimum sampling frequencies are also recalled ...

  16. Broadening of effective photonic band gaps in biological chiral structures: From intrinsic narrow band gaps to broad band reflection spectra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vargas, W. E.; Hernández-Jiménez, M.; Libby, E.; Azofeifa, D. E.; Solis, Á.; Barboza-Aguilar, C.

    2015-09-01

    Under normal illumination with non-polarized light, reflection spectra of the cuticle of golden-like and red Chrysina aurigans scarabs show a structured broad band of left-handed circularly polarized light. The polarization of the reflected light is attributed to a Bouligand-type left-handed chiral structure found through the scarab's cuticle. By considering these twisted structures as one-dimensional photonic crystals, a novel approach is developed from the dispersion relation of circularly polarized electromagnetic waves traveling through chiral media, to show how the broad band characterizing these spectra arises from an intrinsic narrow photonic band gap whose spectral position moves through visible and near-infrared wavelengths.

  17. Resolving the forbidden band of SF6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boudon, V; Manceron, L; Kwabia Tchana, F; Loëte, M; Lago, L; Roy, P

    2014-01-28

    Sulfur hexafluoride is an important molecule for modeling thermophysical and polarizability properties. It is also a potent greenhouse gas of anthropogenic origin, whose concentration in the atmosphere, although very low is increasing rapidly; its global warming power is mostly conferred by its strong infrared absorption in the ν3 S-F stretching region near 948 cm(-1). This heavy species, however, features many hot bands at room temperature (at which only 31% of the molecules lie in the ground vibrational state), especially those originating from the lowest, v6 = 1 vibrational state. Unfortunately, the ν6 band itself (near 347 cm(-1)), in the first approximation, is both infrared- and Raman-inactive, and no reliable spectroscopic information could be obtained up to now and this has precluded a correct modeling of the hot bands. It has been suggested theoretically and experimentally that this band might be slightly activated through Coriolis interaction with infrared-active fundamentals and appears in high pressure measurements as a very faint, unresolved band. Using a new cryogenic multipass cell with 93 m optical path length and regulated at 163 ± 2 K temperature, coupled to synchrotron radiation and a high resolution interferometer, the spectrum of the ν6 far-infrared region has been recorded. Low temperature was used to avoid the presence of hot bands. We are thus able to confirm that the small feature in this region, previously viewed at low-resolution, is indeed ν6. The fully resolved spectrum has been analyzed, thanks to the XTDS software package. The band appears to be activated by faint Coriolis interactions with the strong ν3 and ν4 fundamental bands, resulting in the appearance of a small first-order dipole moment term, inducing unusual selection rules. The band center (ν6 = 347.736707(35) cm(-1)) and rovibrational parameters are now accurately determined for the v6 = 1 level. The ν6 perturbation-induced dipole moment is estimated to be 33 ± 3

  18. Automated coregistration of MTI spectral bands.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Theiler, J. P. (James P.); Galbraith, A. E. (Amy E.); Pope, P. A. (Paul A.); Ramsey, K. A. (Keri A.); Szymanski, J. J. (John J.)

    2002-01-01

    In the focal plane of a pushbroom imager, a linear array of pixels is scanned across the scene, building up the image one row at a time. For the Multispectral Thermal Imager (MTI), each of fifteen different spectral bands has its own linear array. These arrays are pushed across the scene together, but since each band's array is at a different position on the focal plane, a separate image is produced for each band. The standard MTI data products resample these separate images to a common grid and produce coregistered multispectral image cubes. The coregistration software employs a direct 'dead reckoning' approach. Every pixel in the calibrated image is mapped to an absolute position on the surface of the earth, and these are resampled to produce an undistorted coregistered image of the scene. To do this requires extensive information regarding the satellite position and pointing as a function of time, the precise configuration of the focal plane, and the distortion due to the optics. These must be combined with knowledge about the position and altitude of the target on the rotating ellipsoidal earth. We will discuss the direct approach to MTI coregistration, as well as more recent attempts to 'tweak' the precision of the band-to-band registration using correlations in the imagery itself.

  19. Automated coregistration of MTI spectral bands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theiler, James P.; Galbraith, Amy E.; Pope, Paul A.; Ramsey, Keri A.; Szymanski, John J.

    2002-08-01

    In the focal plane of a pushbroom imager, a linear array of pixels is scanned across the scene, building up the image one row at a time. For the Multispectral Thermal Imager (MTI), each of fifteen different spectral bands has its own linear array. These arrays are pushed across the scene together, but since each band's array is at a different position on the focal plane, a separate image is produced for each band. The standard MTI data products (LEVEL1B_R_COREG and LEVEL1B_R_GEO) resample these separate images to a common grid and produce coregistered multispectral image cubes. The coregistration software employs a direct ``dead reckoning' approach. Every pixel in the calibrated image is mapped to an absolute position on the surface of the earth, and these are resampled to produce an undistorted coregistered image of the scene. To do this requires extensive information regarding the satellite position and pointing as a function of time, the precise configuration of the focal plane, and the distortion due to the optics. These must be combined with knowledge about the position and altitude of the target on the rotating ellipsoidal earth. We will discuss the direct approach to MTI coregistration, as well as more recent attempts to tweak the precision of the band-to-band registration using correlations in the imagery itself.

  20. Progressive band processing for hyperspectral imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultz, Robert C.

    Hyperspectral imaging has emerged as an image processing technique in many applications. The reason that hyperspectral data is called hyperspectral is mainly because the massive amount of information provided by the hundreds of spectral bands that can be used for data analysis. However, due to very high band-to-band correlation much information may be also redundant. Consequently, how to effectively and best utilize such rich spectral information becomes very challenging. One general approach is data dimensionality reduction which can be performed by data compression techniques, such as data transforms, and data reduction techniques, such as band selection. This dissertation presents a new area in hyperspectral imaging, to be called progressive hyperspectral imaging, which has not been explored in the past. Specifically, it derives a new theory, called Progressive Band Processing (PBP) of hyperspectral data that can significantly reduce computing time and can also be realized in real-time. It is particularly suited for application areas such as hyperspectral data communications and transmission where data can be communicated and transmitted progressively through spectral or satellite channels with limited data storage. Most importantly, PBP allows users to screen preliminary results before deciding to continue with processing the complete data set. These advantages benefit users of hyperspectral data by reducing processing time and increasing the timeliness of crucial decisions made based on the data such as identifying key intelligence information when a required response time is short.

  1. Laboratory Investigation of the Airglow Bands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drouin, Brian; Yu, Shanshan; Crawford, Timothy J.; Miller, Charles E.; Yee, Jeng-Hwa

    2013-06-01

    We report the first high spectral resolution laboratory measurements of oxygen A-band night glow simulated using a static discharge cell. Our static discharge system reproduces the conditions of the mesospheric oxygen night glow - suggesting O(^1D) + O_2 as the primary source of the emission. Additionally, use of the static cell has enabled us to collect spectra for rare molecular oxygen isotopologues using isotopically enriched samples. The (0,0), (0,1), and (1,1) b-Xvibrational bands were observed with a Bruker 125 HR for all six isotopologues. The (1,2) and (2,2) bands were observed also for the main isotopologue. The frequencies of the observed (0,1) transitions resolved discrepancies in Raman data for (16-17, 17-17, and 17-18), enabling us to improve the vibrational parameterization of the ground electronic state in the global fit of Yu et al. Rotationally resolved intensities were determined for the (0,0), (0,1) and (1,1) bands. The experimental band intensity ratios I(0,0)/I(0,1) = 13.6 and I(0,0)/I(1,1) = 60 are in excellent agreement with the recent mesospheric remote sensing data. S. Yu, C.E. Miller, B.J. Drouin, H.S.P. Müller, J. Chem. Phys. 136, 024304, 2012

  2. Chiral geometry in multiple chiral doublet bands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Hao; Chen, Qibo

    2016-02-01

    The chiral geometry of multiple chiral doublet bands with identical configuration is discussed for different triaxial deformation parameters γ in the particle rotor model with . The energy spectra, electromagnetic transition probabilities B(M1) and B(E2), angular momenta, and K-distributions are studied. It is demonstrated that the chirality still remains not only in the yrast and yrare bands, but also in the two higher excited bands when γ deviates from 30°. The chiral geometry relies significantly on γ, and the chiral geometry of the two higher excited partner bands is not as good as that of the yrast and yrare doublet bands. Supported by Plan Project of Beijing College Students’ Scientific Research and Entrepreneurial Action, Major State 973 Program of China (2013CB834400), National Natural Science Foundation of China (11175002, 11335002, 11375015, 11461141002), National Fund for Fostering Talents of Basic Science (NFFTBS) (J1103206), Research Fund for Doctoral Program of Higher Education (20110001110087) and China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2015M580007)

  3. Collective Band Structures in Neutron-Rich 108Mo Nucleus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DING Huai-Bo; WANG Jian-Guo; XU Qiang; ZHU Sheng-Jiang; J. H. Hamilton; A. V. Ramayya; J. K. Hwang; Y. X. Luo; J. O. Rasmussen; I. Y. Lee; CHE Xing-Lai

    2007-01-01

    High spin states in the neutron-rich 108Mo nucleus are studied by measuring prompt γ-rays following the spontaneous fission of 252Cf with a Gammasphere detector array. The ground-state band is confirmed, and the one-phonon γ-vibrational band is updated with spin up to 12 h. A new collective band with the band head level at 1422.4 keV is suggested as a two-phonon γ-vibrational band. Another new band is proposed as a two-quasi-proton excitation band. Systematic characteristics of the collective bands are discussed.

  4. Band-Gap and Band-Edge Engineering of Multicomponent Garnet Scintillators from First Principles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yadav, Satyesh K.; Uberuaga, Blas P.; Nikl, Martin; Jiang, Chao; Stanek, Christopher R.

    2015-11-01

    Complex doping schemes in R3 Al5 O12 (where R is the rare-earth element) garnet compounds have recently led to pronounced improvements in scintillator performance. Specifically, by admixing lutetium and yttrium aluminate garnets with gallium and gadolinium, the band gap is altered in a manner that facilitates the removal of deleterious electron trapping associated with cation antisite defects. Here, we expand upon this initial work to systematically investigate the effect of substitutional admixing on the energy levels of band edges. Density-functional theory and hybrid density-functional theory (HDFT) are used to survey potential admixing candidates that modify either the conduction-band minimum (CBM) or valence-band maximum (VBM). We consider two sets of compositions based on Lu3 B5O12 where B is Al, Ga, In, As, and Sb, and R3Al5 O12 , where R is Lu, Gd, Dy, and Er. We find that admixing with various R cations does not appreciably affect the band gap or band edges. In contrast, substituting Al with cations of dissimilar ionic radii has a profound impact on the band structure. We further show that certain dopants can be used to selectively modify only the CBM or the VBM. Specifically, Ga and In decrease the band gap by lowering the CBM, while As and Sb decrease the band gap by raising the VBM, the relative change in band gap is quantitatively validated by HDFT. These results demonstrate a powerful approach to quickly screen the impact of dopants on the electronic structure of scintillator compounds, identifying those dopants which alter the band edges in very specific ways to eliminate both electron and hole traps responsible for performance limitations. This approach should be broadly applicable for the optimization of electronic and optical performance for a wide range of compounds by tuning the VBM and CBM.

  5. High spin band structure in 139Nd

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Qiang; ZHU Sheng-Jiang; CHE Xing-Lai; DING Huai-Bo; GU Long; ZHU Li-Hua; WU Xiao-Guang; LIU Ying; HE Chuang-Ye; LI Li-Hua; PAN Bo; HAO Xin; LI Guang-Sheng

    2009-01-01

    High-spin states in 139Nd nucleus have been reinvestigated with the reaction 128Te (16O, 5n) at a beam energy of 90 MeV. The level scheme has been expanded with spin up to 47/2 h. At the low spin states,the yrast collective structure built on the vh(-1)(11/2) multiplet shows a transitional shape with γ≈32° according to calculations of the triaxial rotor-plus-particle model. Three collective oblate bands with γ~-60° at the high spin states were identified for the first time. A band crossing is observed around hw ~0.4 MeV in one oblate band based on the 25/2- level.

  6. Simplicial band depth for multivariate functional data

    KAUST Repository

    López-Pintado, Sara

    2014-03-05

    We propose notions of simplicial band depth for multivariate functional data that extend the univariate functional band depth. The proposed simplicial band depths provide simple and natural criteria to measure the centrality of a trajectory within a sample of curves. Based on these depths, a sample of multivariate curves can be ordered from the center outward and order statistics can be defined. Properties of the proposed depths, such as invariance and consistency, can be established. A simulation study shows the robustness of this new definition of depth and the advantages of using a multivariate depth versus the marginal depths for detecting outliers. Real data examples from growth curves and signature data are used to illustrate the performance and usefulness of the proposed depths. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

  7. Band structure engineering in organic semiconductors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwarze, Martin; Tress, Wolfgang; Beyer, Beatrice; Gao, Feng; Scholz, Reinhard; Poelking, Carl; Ortstein, Katrin; Günther, Alrun A; Kasemann, Daniel; Andrienko, Denis; Leo, Karl

    2016-06-17

    A key breakthrough in modern electronics was the introduction of band structure engineering, the design of almost arbitrary electronic potential structures by alloying different semiconductors to continuously tune the band gap and band-edge energies. Implementation of this approach in organic semiconductors has been hindered by strong localization of the electronic states in these materials. We show that the influence of so far largely ignored long-range Coulomb interactions provides a workaround. Photoelectron spectroscopy confirms that the ionization energies of crystalline organic semiconductors can be continuously tuned over a wide range by blending them with their halogenated derivatives. Correspondingly, the photovoltaic gap and open-circuit voltage of organic solar cells can be continuously tuned by the blending ratio of these donors. PMID:27313043

  8. Obituary: David L. Band (1957-2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cominsky, Lynn

    2011-12-01

    David L. Band, of Potomac Maryland, died on March 16, 2009 succumbing to a long battle with spinal cord cancer. His death at the age of 52 came as a shock to his many friends and colleagues in the physics and astronomy community. Band showed an early interest and exceptional aptitude for physics, leading to his acceptance at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology as an undergraduate student in 1975. After graduating from MIT with an undergraduate degree in Physics, Band continued as a graduate student in Physics at Harvard University. His emerging interest in Astrophysics led him to the Astronomy Department at the Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA), where he did his dissertation work with Jonathan Grindlay. His dissertation (1985) entitled "Non-thermal Radiation Mechanisms and Processes in SS433 and Active Galactic Nuclei" was "pioneering work on the physics of jets arising from black holes and models for their emission, including self-absorption, which previewed much to come, and even David's own later work on Gamma-ray Bursts," according to Grindlay who remained a personal friend and colleague of Band's. Following graduate school, Band held postdoctoral positions at the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, the University of California at Berkeley and the Center for Astronomy and Space Sciences at the University of California San Diego where he worked on the BATSE experiment that was part of the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO), launched in 1991. BATSE had as its main objective the study of cosmic gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and made significant advances in this area of research. Band became a world-renowned figure in the emerging field of GRB studies. He is best known for his widely-used analytic form of gamma-ray burst spectra known as the "Band Function." After the CGRO mission ended, Band moved to the Los Alamos National Laboratory where he worked mainly on classified research but continued to work on GRB energetics and spectra. When NASA planned

  9. Mermaid syndrome with amniotic band disruption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Managoli, Sanjeev; Chaturvedi, Pushpa; Vilhekar, Krishna Y; Iyenger, Janaki

    2003-01-01

    An association of Amniotic Band Disruption Sequence and Mermaid Syndrome in a newborn having multiple congenital anomalies is being reported. The newborn had aberrant string like tissues attached to the amputed fingers and toes. Adhesions of amniotic bands had disrupted the fetal parts especially anteriorly in the midline, causing multiple anomalies. Apart from these features of Amniotic Band Disruption Sequence, the newborn had complete fusion of the lower limbs by cutaneous tissue, a characteristic of Mermaid Syndrome (Sirenomelia). Associated malformations were anal stenosis, rectal atresia, small horseshoe kidney, hypoplastic urinary bladder and a bicomuate uterus. The single umbilical artery had a high origin, arising directly from the aorta just distal to the celiac axis, which is unique to sirenomelia. Theories put forward regarding the etiopathogenesis of both the conditions are discussed. PMID:12619964

  10. Development of S-band accelerating structure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Pohang Accelerator Laboratory (PAL) in Korea construction of XFEL (X-ray Free electron Lazar) institution is under construction aiming at the completion in 2014. Energy 10 GeV of the linac part of this institution and main frequency are planned in S-band (2856 MHz), and about 178 S-band 3m accelerating structures are due to be used for this linac. The oscillation of an X-ray laser requires very low emittance electron beam. On the other hand, since the accelerating structure which accelerates an electron beam has a feed port of microwave (iris), the electromagnetic field asymmetry of the microwave feeding device called coupler worsens the emittance of an electron beam. MHI manufactured two kinds of S-band accelerating structures with which the electromagnetic field asymmetry of coupler cavity was compensated for PALXFEL linac. We report these accelerating structures. (author)

  11. γ Vibrational Band in 70Ge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrow, S. I.; Haring-Kaye, R. A.; Elder, R. M.; Tabor, S. L.; Tripathi, V.; Bender, P. C.; Medina, N. H.; Allegro, P.; Döring, J.

    2013-10-01

    Excited states in 70Ge were populated by the 55Mn(18O, p 2 n) fusion-evaporation reaction at 50 MeV performed at Florida State University. Prompt γ- γ coincidences were measured with a Compton-suppressed Ge array consisting of three Clover detectors and seven single-crystal detectors. Examination of the resulting coincidence relations and relative intensity measurements led to an enhanced 70Ge level scheme, including an extension of the proposed γ vibrational band by four new states. Interpretation of the γ band within the context of the staggering parameter S (I) suggests a γ-soft structure, similar to other light Ge isotopes. Total Routhian Surface calculations for the ground-state band are consistent with a picture of γ softness at low spin. This work was supported by the National Science Foundation.

  12. Three Magnetic Rotation Bands in 84^Rb

    CERN Document Server

    Shen, Shuifa; Han, Guangbing; Wen, Shuxian; Yan, Yupeng; Wu, Xiaoguang; Zhu, Lihua; He, Chuangye; Li, Guangsheng

    2016-01-01

    High-spin states in $^{84}$Rb are studied by using the $^{70}$Zn($^{18}$O, p3n)$^{84}$Rb reaction at beam energy of 75 MeV. Three high-lying negative-parity bands are established, whose level spacings are very regular, i.e., there don't exist signature splitting. The dipole character of the transitions of these three bands is assigned by the $\\gamma$-$\\gamma$ directional correlations of oriented states (DCO) intensity ratios and the multipolarity M1 is suggested by the analogy to multiparticle excitations in neighboring nuclei. The strong M1 and weak or no E2 transitions are observed. All these characteristic features show they are magnetic rotation bands.

  13. Band-gap and band-edge engineering of multicomponent garnet scintillators from first principles

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Yadav, S.K.; Uberuaga, B.P.; Nikl, Martin; Jiang, C.; Stanek, C.R.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 4, č. 5 (2015), "054012-1"-"054012-9". ISSN 2331-7019 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP204/12/0805 Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : scintillator * electronic band gap structure * garnets * band gap engineering Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism

  14. Fuzzy Riesz subspaces, fuzzy ideals, fuzzy bands and fuzzy band projections

    OpenAIRE

    Hong Liang

    2015-01-01

    Fuzzy ordered linear spaces, Riesz spaces, fuzzy Archimedean spaces and $\\sigma$-complete fuzzy Riesz spaces were defined and studied in several works. Following the efforts along this line, we define fuzzy Riesz subspaces, fuzzy ideals, fuzzy bands and fuzzy band projections and establish their fundamental properties.

  15. Design of Microstrip Band Pass Fractal Filter for Suppression of Spurious Band

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. K. Singhal

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the design and subsequent fabrication of a hairpin-line band pass filter has been proposed. This filter exhibits periodic frequency response. By proper design, the spurious bands are being suppressed significantly through the implementation of Koch fractal on the microstrip coupled line.

  16. S-band active array filtenna with enhanced X-band spurious interference suppression

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cifola, L.; Gerini, G.; Berg, S. van den; Water, F. van de

    2014-01-01

    In the present work, the design of an S-band active array antenna with inherent frequency selectivity properties is described. The radiating element, based on a stacked-patch configuration, is characterized by an operational bandwidth of [2.8-3.4] GHz. In-band frequency selectivity is performed by a

  17. Wide band-gap nanostructure based devices

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Xinyi; 陈辛夷

    2012-01-01

    Wide band gap based nanostructures have being attracting much research interest because of their promise for application in optoelectronic devices. Among those wide band gap semiconductors, gallium nitride (GaN) and zinc oxide (ZnO) are the most commonly studied and optoelectronic devices based on GaN and ZnO have been widely investigated. This thesis concentrates on the growth, optical and electrical properties of GaN and ZnO nanostructures, plus their application in solar cells and light e...

  18. Split Hubbard bands at low densities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Daniel; Perepelitsky, Edward; Shastry, B. Sriram

    2011-05-01

    We present a numerical scheme for the Hubbard model that throws light on the rather esoteric nature of the upper and lower Hubbard bands, which have been invoked often in literature. We present a self-consistent solution of the ladder-diagram equations for the Hubbard model, and show that these provide, at least in the limit of low densities of particles, a vivid picture of the Hubbard split bands. We also address the currently topical problem of decay of the doublon states that are measured in optical trap studies, using both the ladder scheme and also an exact two-particle calculation of a relevant Green’s function.

  19. Band theory of metals the elements

    CERN Document Server

    Altmann, Simon L

    1970-01-01

    Band Theory of Metals: The Elements focuses on the band theory of solids. The book first discusses revision of quantum mechanics. Topics include Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, normalization, stationary states, wave and group velocities, mean values, and variational method. The text takes a look at the free-electron theory of metals, including heat capacities, density of states, Fermi energy, core and metal electrons, and eigenfunctions in three dimensions. The book also reviews the effects of crystal fields in one dimension. The eigenfunctions of the translations; symmetry operations of t

  20. Planar Tri-Band Antenna Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Pokorny

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper briefly uncovers techniques used for a design of compact planar antennas in order to achieve the wideband and the multi-band capability. The main topic is aimed to the multi-objective optimization using genetic algorithms. A quarter-wavelength planar inverted-F antenna (PIFA using a slot and shorted parasitic patches is chosen to cover GSM900, GSM1800 and ISM2400 bands. A global multi-objective optimization uses a binary genetic algorithm with a composite objective function to tune this antenna. The impedance match and the direction of maximum gain are desired parameters to improve.

  1. Band structures of 121,123I

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The band structures of 121,123I nuclei have been studied using a version of the particle-rotor-model in which the experimental excitation energies of the neighbouring (A-1) cores can be fed directly as input parameters. The calculations have been carried out with axially symmetric Nilsson potential with both prolate and oblate deformations. The parameters of the model have been chosen from earlier theoretical work and experimental odd-even mass differences. Only the Coriolis attenuation factor has been treated as adjustable parameter. The theoretical band structures are in very good agreement with the available experimental data. (orig.)

  2. Tuottojohtaminen Imatra Big Band Festival- ravintolatoiminnassa

    OpenAIRE

    Lahtinen, Satu

    2015-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön aiheena on tuottojohtaminen Imatra Big Band Festival- ravintolatoiminnassa, ja työn tarkoituksena oli tuottaa tietoa ja hyviä käytäntöjä siitä, miten tuottojohtamisen tärkeimpiä keinoja toteutetaan Imatra Big Band Festivaalin ravintolatoiminnassa: mikä meni hyvin ja mitä voisi kehittää. Tuottojohtaminen eli Revenue Management on ollut pitkään tunnettu hotellitoiminnassa ja lentoyhtiöillä, kun taas ravintola-alalla se ei ole vielä kovin laajalti käytössä. Tuottojohtamisesta ravin...

  3. Microstrip Antenna for X and Ku Band

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarthak Singhal

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available A design of microstrip patch antenna gap coupled with two parasitic elements on its non-radiating edges and a single parasitic element on its radiating edge for the operation in X band and Ku band is proposed here. The parasitic elements are partially shorted. This design is giving an impedance bandwidth of 4.967GHz. This antenna is operating over a frequency range of 11.2334 to 16.0431 GHz with centre frequency at 14.3 GHz. The design is simulated by using the MOM based IE3D software.

  4. Ka-band waveguide rotary joint

    KAUST Repository

    Yevdokymov, Anatoliy

    2013-04-11

    The authors present a design of a waveguide rotary joint operating in Ka-band with central frequency of 33 GHz, which also acts as an antenna mount. The main unit consists of two flanges with a clearance between them; one of the flanges has three circular choke grooves. Utilisation of three choke grooves allows larger operating clearance. Two prototypes of the rotary joint have been manufactured and experimentally studied. The observed loss is from 0.4 to 0.8 dB in 1.5 GHz band.

  5. Superdeformed rotational bands in the Mercury region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A study of rotational properties of the ground superdeformed bands in 190Hg, 192Hg, 194Hg, and 194Pb is presented. The cranked Hartree-Fock-Bogolyubov method is used with the SkM* parametrization of the Skyrme force in the particle-hole channel and a seniority interaction in the pairing channel. An approximate particle number projection is performed by means of the Lipkin-Nogami prescription. The proton and neutron quasiparticle rhouthians are analyzed in connection with the present information on about thirty presently observed superdeformed bands in nuclei close neighbours of 192Hg. (authors). 53 refs., 14 figs

  6. Radiology of vertical-banded gastroplasty

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vertical banded gastroplasty is the most frequently performed operation for the treatment of morbid obesity. More than 550 such procedures have been done at our hospital over the past 4 years. This presentation describes the postoperative radiographic findings in many of these patients. Normal and abnormal appearances on plain films and on contrast agent-enhanced examinations are discussed. The authors found it useful to divide abnormal findings into three groups: abnormalities of the partition, abnormalities of the banded channel, and ulcers and extragastric leaks

  7. Frustration phenomena in Josephson point contacts between single-band and three-band superconductors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Within the formalism of Usadel equations the Josephson effect in dirty point contacts between single-band and three-band superconductors is investigated. The general expression for the Josephson current, which is valid for arbitrary temperatures, is obtained. We calculate current-phase relations for very low temperature and in the vicinity of the critical temperature. For three-band superconductors with broken time-reversal symmetry (BTRS) point contacts undergo frustration phenomena with different current-phase relations, corresponding to ?-contacts. For three-band superconductors without BTRS we have close to sinusoidal current-phase relations and absence of the frustration, excepting the case of very low temperature, where under certain conditions two ground states of the point contact are realized. Our results can be used as the potential probe for the detection of the possible BTRS state in three-band superconducting systems.

  8. Accurate band-to-band registration of AOTF imaging spectrometer using motion detection technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Pengwei; Zhao, Huijie; Jin, Shangzhong; Li, Ningchuan

    2016-05-01

    This paper concerns the problem of platform vibration induced band-to-band misregistration with acousto-optic imaging spectrometer in spaceborne application. Registrating images of different bands formed at different time or different position is difficult, especially for hyperspectral images form acousto-optic tunable filter (AOTF) imaging spectrometer. In this study, a motion detection method is presented using the polychromatic undiffracted beam of AOTF. The factors affecting motion detect accuracy are analyzed theoretically, and calculations show that optical distortion is an easily overlooked factor to achieve accurate band-to-band registration. Hence, a reflective dual-path optical system has been proposed for the first time, with reduction of distortion and chromatic aberration, indicating the potential of higher registration accuracy. Consequently, a spectra restoration experiment using additional motion detect channel is presented for the first time, which shows the accurate spectral image registration capability of this technique.

  9. Cool Bands: Wing bands decrease rate of heating, but not equilibrium temperature in Anartia fatima.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brashears, Jake; Aiello, Annette; Seymoure, Brett M

    2016-02-01

    Butterflies regulate their internal thoracic temperature in order to optimize performance activities (e.g. flight, foraging). Previous research has shown that butterfly wings, particularly the innermost portions, play a role in thermoregulation. We investigated to see whether a lightly colored wing band would alter the thermal properties of the banded peacock butterfly (Anartia fatima) with two within subject experiments in a laboratory setting: (1) band color manipulation in which euthanized individuals were heated to thermal equilibrium with the band unaltered and then again with the wing darkened; (2) wing ablation in which individuals already run through experiment 1 were heated to equilibrium two more times; once with the outer portion of the wing including the band removed and then with the entire wing removed. Individuals were spread so that the dorsal surface of the wing was exposed to illumination from a lamp suspended above. Twelve Anartia fatima males were collected in Panama and were run through experiment one. Four individuals were run through experiment two. We found no effect of darkening the band on the internal thoracic equilibrium temperature, but the darkened band did increase the rate of heating. The wing ablation experiment revealed that wing removal lowered the internal thoracic equilibrium temperature but did not affect the heating rate. Therefore we show that butterfly bands may be important in butterfly thermoregulation and we discuss the importance of the wing band on thermoregulatory abilities in Anartia fatima with respect to the butterfly's natural history. We conclude that the wing band may allow butterflies to reduce heat stress induced by their warm environments. PMID:26857983

  10. Mid-Band Dissipative Spatial Solitons

    OpenAIRE

    Staliunas, Kestutis

    2003-01-01

    We show dissipative spatial solitons in nonlinear optical micro-resonators in which the refractive index is laterally modulated. In addition to "normal" and "staggered" dissipative solitons, similar to those in spatially modulated conservative systems, a narrow "mid-band" soliton is shown, having no counterparts in conservative systems.

  11. Solid state, S-band, power amplifier

    Science.gov (United States)

    Digrindakis, M.

    1973-01-01

    The final design and specifications for a solid state, S-band, power amplifier is reported. Modifications from a previously proposed design were incorporated to improve efficiency and meet input overdrive and noise floor requirements. Reports on the system design, driver amplifier, power amplifier, and voltage and current limiter are included along with a discussion of the testing program.

  12. Electron band theory 1952-1962

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Work undertaken by the Theoretical Physics Division between 1952 and 1965 to obtain an understanding of electrons in metals, with uranium and the actinides and the structurally-important transition metals as the main targets is examined. A main result of that period was a conviction that the majority of the physical properties of all metals, except the 4f rare-earth series and the actinides beyond uranium, were dominated by band effects which could be described well enough for most purposes by simple one-electron calculations with simple self-consistent fields. The period from 1960 on showed increasingly clearly the necessity of incorporating relativistic spin-orbit coupling terms in the heavy metals, and some 'local exchange field' correction to the fields close to nuclei. The problems of the non-local interaction of spins - highly important for alloy theory and for antiferromagnetic instability -required the evolution of computers large enough to produce wave-functions at all wave-vectors for all bands so that the susceptibility at arbitrary wave-vector could be computed. This work has not proved to be very illuminating so far, and much interest again focusses today on heuristic arguments that give qualitative descriptions of band structures, such as canonical d-bands to account for crystal structure. (UK)

  13. Propagation and band width of smeared cracks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Slobbe, A.T.

    2015-01-01

    The crack band approach (in the smeared crack concept) is widely used for the modeling of concrete fracture and is an important analysis technique within advanced engineering. However, the simulations can be impeded by mesh-induced directional bias. Cracks prefer to propagate along continuous mesh l

  14. Shear bands as bottlenecks in force transmission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tordesillas, Antoinette; Pucilowski, Sebastian; Tobin, Steven; Kuhn, Matthew R.; Andò, Edward; Viggiani, Gioacchino; Druckrey, Andrew; Alshibli, Khalid

    2015-06-01

    The formation of shear bands is a key attribute of degradation and failure in soil, rocks, and many other forms of amorphous and crystalline materials. Previous studies of dense sand under triaxial compression and two-dimensional analogues from simulations have shown that the ultimate shear band pattern may be detected in the nascent stages of loading, well before the band's known nucleation point (i.e., around peak stress ratio), as reported in the published literature. Here we construct a network flow model of force transmission to identify the bottlenecks in the contact networks of dense granular media: triaxial compression of Caicos ooid and Ottawa sand and a discrete element simulation of simple shear. The bottlenecks localise in the nascent stages of loading —in the location where the persistent shear band ultimately forms. This corroborates recent findings on vortices that suggest localised failure is a progressive process of degradation, initiating early in the loading history at sites spanning the full extent, yet confined to a subregion, of the sample. Bottlenecks are governed by the local and global properties of the sample fabric and the grain kinematics. Grains with large rotations and/or contacts having minimal load-bearing capacities per se do not identify the bottlenecks early in the loading history.

  15. Phononic band gap structures as optimal designs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jakob Søndergaard; Sigmund, Ole

    2003-01-01

    In this paper we use topology optimization to design phononic band gap structures. We consider 2D structures subjected to periodic loading and obtain the distribution of two materials with high contrast in material properties that gives the minimal vibrational response of the structure. Both in...

  16. Radio Band Observations of Blazar Variability

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Margo F. Aller; Hugh D. Aller; Philip A. Hughes

    2011-03-01

    The properties of blazar variability in the radio band are studied using the unique combination of temporal resolution from single dish monitoring and spatial resolution from VLBA imaging. Such measurements now available in all four Stokes parameters, together with theoretical simulations, identify the origin of radio band variability and probe the characteristics of the radio jet where the broadband blazar emission originates. Outbursts in total flux density and linear polarization in the optical-to-radio bands are attributed to shocks propagating within the jet spine, in part, based on limited modelling invoking transverse shocks; new radiative transfer simulations allowing for shocks at arbitrary angle to the flow direction confirm this picture by reproducing the observed centimeter-band variations observed more generally, and are of current interest since these shocks may play a role in the -ray flaring detected by Fermi. Recent UMRAO multifrequency Stokes V studies of bright blazars identify the spectral variability properties of circular polarization for the first time and demonstrate that polarity flips are relatively common. All-Stokes data are consistent with the production of circular polarization by linear-to-circular mode conversion in a region that is at least partially selfabsorbed. Detailed analysis of single-epoch, multifrequency, all-Stokes VLBA observations of 3C 279 support this physical picture and are best explained by emission from an electron-proton plasma.

  17. Compact Triple Band Slotted Microstrip Patch Antenna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ram Singh Kushwaha

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a compact triple band slot microstrip patch antenna for 1.7/2.92 GHz WLAN applications. The radiating element of the proposed antenna consists of Swastika symbol slot operating at 1.8 GHz, 2.09 GHz, and 2.92 GHz bands. The antenna size is very compact (50 mm x 50 mm x 1.6 mm and covers 1.8 GHz to 2.92 GHz and can be used for AMPS, GSM and WLAN applications. The antenna is fed from a single 50 Ω coaxial cable. Using IE3D software package of Zeland, according to the set size, the antenna is simulated. The composite effect of integrating these techniques and by introducing the novel slotted patch offers a low profile, wide bandwidth, high gain and compact antenna element. The computer simulation results show that the antenna can realize wide band characters with each band having good impedance bandwidth (VSWR ≤ 2 for all the three resonant frequencies.

  18. Colorizing single band intensified nightvision images

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Toet, A.

    2005-01-01

    We present a method to give single band intensified nightvision imagery a natural day-time color appearance. For input, the method requires a true color RGB source image and a grayscale nightvision target image. The source and target image are both transformed into a perceptually decorrelated color

  19. An S-band superconducting linear collider

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper a parameter list is proposed for an S-band (3 GHz) superconducting linear collider (SSLC) which escapes from the dark current problem at an accelerating gradient of 25 MV/m. Detailed beam dynamics simulations are carried out, which reveal the main features of a 3 GHz SSLC. (author)

  20. New Kronig-Penney Equation Emphasizing the Band Edge Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szmulowicz, Frank

    2008-01-01

    The Kronig-Penney problem is a textbook example for discussing band dispersions and band gap formation in periodic layered media. For example, in photonic crystals, the behaviour of bands next to the band edges is important for further discussions of such effects as inhibited light emission, slow light and negative index of refraction. However,…

  1. 47 CFR 15.713 - TV bands database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false TV bands database. 15.713 Section 15.713... TV bands database. (a) Purpose. The TV bands database serves the following functions: (1) To... databases. (b) Information in the TV bands database. (1) Facilities already recorded in Commission...

  2. Design and Simulation of Edge-Coupled Stripline Band Pass Filter for U band

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pawan Shakdwipee

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, a band pass filter structure using Ansoft designer software and Matlab software simulation tool are presented. The filter is operated at U Band range in higher order 50 GHz edge-coupled Stripline band pass filter for different microwave application. For the proposed work we consider simulation using Roger R03203 substrate with dielectric constant of 3.02, Conductor Thickness 0.035 mm and Substrate Height 0.787 mm. This filter is design at a center frequency of 50 GHz with 8 GHz bandwidth. Simulation results show that the filter operation is optimum and best in this range and results show good performance and agree well with the high frequency EM full wave simulation. In this paper, band pass filter development with the assistance of the Richards-Kuroda Transformation method, is used. Moreover, measured S parameters denote the center frequency is also strongly influenced by the variation of Roger's material's dielectric constants. By analyzing the characteristics at center frequency of the filter, both theoretical and simulated data are accumulated for broadening application filed. The band pass filter exhibits advantages of small size and high reliability compared to conventional planar filter structure, which makes the band pass filter suitable for U Band communicational application. This filter shows attractive characteristics for BPF applications.

  3. S-NPP VIIRS on-orbit Band to Band Registration Estimation using the Moon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, T.

    2015-12-01

    The Soumi National Polar-orbit Partnership (S-NPP) was successfully launched and has been operational since October 28, 2011, which carries the Visible Infrared Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) with among other instruments. Since VIIRS does not include on-board spatial calibrator such as Spectroradiometric Calibration Assembly (SRCA) on the predecessor sensor called MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), the on-orbit estimation of the spatial parameters needs to be measured independently. As a well-known radiometric target, the moon is utilized to estimate Band-to-Band (BBR) results as a part of spatial quality factors using the lifetime scheduled lunar collections. The reference band of the BBR is chosen to be the VIIRS band of Imaging band 1 (I1), because of its high signal-to-noise ratio, and high spatial sampling frequency compared to other moderate (M) bands. In this study, the conventional BBR calculation applied MODIS called weighted sum method is applied providing along-track and along-scan direction results. The BBR differences based on the reference band I1 results are very stable over the 3 years of VIIRS operation. The along-scan direction BBR results are mostly within ± 0.5 nominal Ground Sampling Distance (GSD) and the along-track direction BBR values are mostly between + 0.1 and -0.4 GSD. The final BBR results are available publically at the National Oceanic Atmospheric Agency (NOAA) Integrated Calibration Validation System (ICVS) webpage.

  4. ANATOMICAL RECONSTRUCTION OF ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT OF THE KNEE: DOUBLE BAND OR SINGLE BAND?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zanella, Luiz Antonio Zanotelli; Junior, Adair Bervig; Badotti, Augusto Alves; Michelin, Alexandre Froes; Algarve, Rodrigo Ilha; de Quadros Martins, Cesar Antonio

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the double-band and single-band techniques for anatomical reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament of the knee and demonstrate that the double-band technique not only provides greater anterior stability but also causes less pain and a better subjective patient response. Methods: We selected 42 patients who underwent anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, by means of either the single-band anatomical reconstruction technique, using flexor tendon grafts with two tunnels, or the double-band anatomical reconstruction technique, using four tunnels and grafts from the semitendinosus and gracilis tendons. All fixations were performed using interference screws. There was no variation in the sample. Before the operation, the objective and subjective IKDC scores, Lysholm score and length of time with the injury were evaluated. All these variables were reassessed six months later, and the KT-1000 correlation with the contralateral knee was also evaluated. Results: There was no significant difference between the two groups in subjective evaluations, but the single-band group showed better results in relation to range of motion and objective evaluations including KT-1000 (with statistical significance). Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that there was no difference between the two groups in subjective evaluations, but better results were found using the single-band anatomical technique, in relation to objective evaluations. PMID:27042621

  5. Performance Analysis of Intermediate Band Solar Cell (IBSC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md. Kamal Hossain

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available To increase the efficiency of a single-junction solar cell the intermediate band solar cell is proposed. Renewable energy sources have become increasingly important; because of global environmental concerns. The intermediate band solar cell (IBSC with potential to enhance the efficiency of the conventional single-junction cell. IBSCs have constraining efficiencies of 63.3%. In this solar cell an intermediate band placed in the band gap between the conduction and valence band. This implies that absorption of photons with energy below the band gap of the semiconductor is possible, and the photocurrent is thus increased. At the point when the carrier concentration in each of the three bands are portrayed by their own semi Fermi level the intermediate band does not influence the voltage if carriers are extricated from the conduction band and the valence band. An increment of proficiency is hence possible.

  6. Dichroic Filter for Separating W-Band and Ka-Band

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epp, Larry W.; Durden, Stephen L.; Jamnejad, Vahraz; Long, Ezra M.; Sosnowski, John B.; Higuera, Raymond J.; Chen, Jacqueline C.

    2012-01-01

    The proposed Aerosol/Cloud/Ecosystems (ACEs) mission development would advance cloud profiling radar from that used in CloudSat by adding a 35-GHz (Ka-band) channel to the 94-GHz (W-band) channel used in CloudSat. In order to illuminate a single antenna, and use CloudSat-like quasi-optical transmission lines, a spatial diplexer is needed to add the Ka-band channel. A dichroic filter separates Ka-band from W-band by employing advances in electrical discharge machining (EDM) and mode-matching analysis techniques developed and validated for designing dichroics for the Deep Space Network (DSN), to develop a preliminary design that both met the requirements of frequency separation and mechanical strength. First, a mechanical prototype was built using an approximately 102-micron-diameter EDM process, and tolerances of the hole dimensions, wall thickness, radius, and dichroic filter thickness measured. The prototype validated the manufacturing needed to design a dichroic filter for a higher-frequency usage than previously used in the DSN. The initial design was based on a Ka-band design, but thicker walls are required for mechanical rigidity than one obtains by simply scaling the Ka-band dichroic filter. The resulting trade of hole dimensions for mechanical rigidity (wall thickness) required electrical redesign of the hole dimensions. Updates to existing codes in the linear solver decreased the analysis time using mode-matching, enabling the electrical design to be realized quickly. This work is applicable to missions and instruments that seek to extend W-band cloud profiling measurements to other frequencies. By demonstrating a dichroic filter that passes W-band, but reflects a lower frequency, this opens up the development of instruments that both compare to and enhance CloudSat.

  7. The Science Case for ALMA Band 2 and Band 2+3

    CERN Document Server

    Fuller, G A; Beltran, M; Casasola, V; Caselli, P; Cicone, C; Costagliola, F; De Breuck, C; Hunt, L; Jimenez-Serra, I; Laing, R; Longmore, S; Massardi, M; Paladino, R; Ramstedt, S; Richards, A; Testi, L; Vergani, D; Viti, S; Wagg, J

    2016-01-01

    We discuss the science drivers for ALMA Band 2 which spans the frequency range from 67 to 90 GHz. The key science in this frequency range are the study of the deuterated molecules in cold, dense, quiescent gas and the study of redshifted emission from galaxies in CO and other species. However, Band 2 has a range of other applications which are also presented. The science enabled by a single receiver system which would combine ALMA Bands 2 and 3 covering the frequency range 67 to 116 GHz, as well as the possible doubling of the IF bandwidth of ALMA to 16 GHz, are also considered.

  8. Design and Simulation of Edge-Coupled Stripline Band Pass Filter for U band

    OpenAIRE

    Pawan Shakdwipee

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, a band pass filter structure using Ansoft designer software and Matlab software simulation tool are presented. The filter is operated at U Band range in higher order 50 GHz edge-coupled Stripline band pass filter for different microwave application. For the proposed work we consider simulation using Roger R03203 substrate with dielectric constant of 3.02, Conductor Thickness 0.035 mm and Substrate Height 0.787 mm. This filter is design at a center frequency of 50 GHz with 8 GHz...

  9. 75 FR 35315 - Improving Public Safety Communications in the 800 MHz Band; New 800 MHz Band Plan for Puerto Rico...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-22

    ... public safety and other land mobile communication systems operating in the band, 69 FR 67823, November 22... Puerto Rico market compared to other markets, 72 FR 39756, July 20, 2007. Rather than specify a band plan... 800 MHz band reconfiguration in Puerto Rico as well as alternative band plans, 73 FR 40274, July...

  10. Dosimetry of narrow band UVB treatments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: For many years psoriasis has been treated with broad band UVB lamps. These lamps have a bell shaped spectrum which peaks at 305 nm and extends from 280 nm to 350 nm. However research with monochromatic UV radiation has shown that wavelengths between 300 nm and 320 nm are the most efficacious for clearing psoriasis while wavelengths below 305 nm are most effective for producing the undesirable side effect of erythema (sunburn). In response to these findings Philips developed a narrow band UVB tube in which a large fraction of the output was confined to a narrow peak (bandwidth 2.5 nm) situated at 311 nm. Christchurch Hospital replaced broad band UVB with narrow band treatments in August 1995 and as this required UV exposures to be substantially increased new protocols had to be developed. Three aspects needed to be addressed. These were translating the dose from broad band to narrow band for current patients, determining the initial dose for new patients and developing a formula for increasing subsequent exposures to both types of patient. To translate doses the spectral irradiance (μW/cm2/nm) that would fall on the patient was measured in both the old broad band and the new narrow band treatment units and from this UV doses were calculated. All doses were expressed in mJ/cm2 of unweighted UV over the range 250 nm to 400 nm. The erythemal effectiveness of the two units were compared by using the CIE 1987 curve to express doses in terms of the equivalent exposure of monochromatic 297 nm radiation. It was found that an exposure of 3.96 mJ/cm2 from the broad band FS40 tubes and 12.79 mJ/cm2 from the narrow band TL/01 tubes were both equivalent to 1.00 mJ/cm2 of monochromatic 297 nm radiation so when transferring patients all broad band doses needed to be increased by a factor of 3.2. Before transferring any patients this factor was confirmed by conducting two minimal erythema dose (MED) tests on a normal subject, one in each unit. For new patients a narrow

  11. Ku-band HTS filters with narrow and wide bands for space communications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report the designing and simulation results of the HTS band-pass filters for Ku band with different bandwidths of 0.08 and 0.5 GHz, in comparison with the same shape filters using normal conductors as the circuit conductors of the filter resonator. The examination results of the fabricated filter samples are compared with the filtering characteristics of S parameters. In the case of the narrower band, the simulation results of the planer-circuit-type filter which consists of resonators showed the filtering characteristics that strongly depend on the coupling coefficients and the resonant frequency of each resonator mutually. It is confirmed that the HTS planer circuit filters for Ku band exhibited unloaded Q with the volume of about 10 cm3 greater than that of the normal conductor with the same structure

  12. Enlargement of Photonic Band Gaps and Physical Picture of Photonic Band Structures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Yan; SHI Jun-Jie

    2006-01-01

    @@ Light propagation in a one-dimensional photonic crystal (PC), consisting of alternative slabs with refractive indices (layer thicknesses) n1 (a) and n2 (b), is investigated. An important optimal parameter matching condition,n1a ≈ n2b, is obtained for the largest photonic band gap (PBG). Moreover, we find that the exact analytical solutions for the electric/magnetic field eigenmodes at the band edges are standing waves with odd or even symmetry about the centre of each layer. The electric/magnetic field eigenfunctions at the top and bottom of the nth band have n and n - 1 nodes in one period of PC, respectively. The PBG arises from the symmetric differences of the field eigenfunctions at the band edges.

  13. Electronic pairing mechanism due to band modification in a two-band model: Tc evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Following the electronic model developed by us previously (Mizia and Romanowski, Mizia) we estimate the superconducting transition temperature in a simple electronic two-band model for materials characterized by a broad superconducting band and a narrow level within the same energy range. A large electron deformation coupling constant and large electron correlation effects are assumed. It is shown that high-temperature superconductivity is entirely possible within a range of reasonable electronic parameters. This model does not assume any artificial interactions to obtain a negative pairing potential. Instead, the negative part of the electronic interaction potential comes from the modification of the electron dispersion relation with growing number of superconducting pairs. Such a modification is possible in soft electronic systems, i.e. in systems partial to band modification due to large internal stresses, strong electronic correlation effects and broad band narrow level charge transfer during the superconducting transition. (orig.)

  14. Evaluation of Landsat-7 ETM+ Panchromatic Band for Image Fusion with Multispectral Bands

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Landsat-7 ETM+ panchromatic band is taken simultaneously with multispectral bands using the same sensor system. The two data sets, therefore, are coregistered accurately and the solar illumination and other environmental conditions are identical. This makes ETM+ Pan advantageous to SPOT Pan for resolution fusion. A spectral preserve image fusion technique, Smoothing Filter-Based Intensity Modulation (SFIM), can produce optimal fusion data without altering the spectral properties of the original image if the coregistration error is minimal. With TM/SPOT Pan fusion, the technique is superior to HSI and Brovey transform fusion techniques in spectral fidelity, but has slightly degraded edge sharpness as a result of TM/SPOT Pan coregistration error because SFIM is sensitive to coregistration accuracy and temporal changes of edges. The problem is self-resolved for ETM+ because there is virtually no coregistration error between the panchromatic band and the multispectral bands. Quality fusion imagery data thus can be produced

  15. Method and circuit for processing narrow band signals located in a wide band having disturbance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This invention relates to a method and a system for formatting and processing narrow band signals located in a wide band having disturbance. The signals are particularly caused by single-energy gamma-rays, as emitted by a radioactive source, and produced by a radiation detection device, such as a gamma-camera. The disturbance is particularly caused by Compton scattering of said signals. (author). 8 figs

  16. X-Band RF Gun Development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In support of the MEGa-ray program at LLNL and the High Gradient research program at SLAC, a new X-band multi-cell RF gun is being developed. This gun, similar to earlier guns developed at SLAC for Compton X-ray source program, will be a standing wave structure made of 5.5 cells operating in the pi mode with copper cathode. This gun was designed following criteria used to build SLAC X-band high gradient accelerating structures. It is anticipated that this gun will operate with surface electric fields on the cathode of 200 MeV/m with low breakdown rate. RF will be coupled into the structure through a final cell with symmetric duel feeds and with a shape optimized to minimize quadrupole field components. In addition, geometry changes to the original gun, operated with Compton X-ray source, will include a wider RF mode separation, reduced surface electric and magnetic fields.

  17. Band mixing effects in mean field theories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 1/N expansion method, which is an angular momentum projected mean field theory, is used to investigate the nature of electromagnetic transitions in the interacting boson model (IBM). Conversely, comparison with the exact IBM results sheds light on the range of validity of the mean field theory. It is shown that the projected mean field results for the E2 transitions among the ground, β and γ bands are incomplete for the spin dependent terms and it is essential to include band mixing effect for a correct (Mikhailov) analysis of E2 data. The algebraic expressions derived are general and will be useful in the analysis of experimental data in terms of both the sd and sdg boson models. 17 refs., 7 figs., 8 tabs

  18. [Optimization of resistance training using elastic bands].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guex, K

    2015-07-15

    Resistance training using elastic bands allows to perform a large variety of exercises for upper and lower body. It can be considered as a real alternative to the use of fitness equipment or free weight. After having determined the goal of the resistance training (i.e., maximal strength, hypertrophy, power or local muscular endurance), the acute program variables (i.e., muscle action, loading, volume, exercise selection and order, rest periods and repetition velocity) must be selected regarding the recommendations for strength training. The load is the most important variable in resistance program design. To determine it in an accurate way, when using elastic bands, it is recommended to use the Multiple RM test. PMID:26398972

  19. [Antimicrobial activity of orthodontic band cements].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavic, J; Arriagada, M; Elgueta, J; García, C

    1990-01-01

    The prevalence of enamel decalcification and caries beneath orthodontic bands, has indicated the need for a new enamel binding adhesive orthodontic cement. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial activity, in vitro, on Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus, acidophillus, of three materials used to cements the orthodontic bands. The cements studied were: Zinc phosphate cement, Glass-ionomer cement, and Policarboxylate cement. Thirty petri plates were seeded with S. mutans, and thirty with L. acidophillus; on each plate three pellet were placed, one of each cement studied. Petri plates were incubated under microaerophilic conditions at 37 C, and checked at 72 hrs. for Streptococcus, mutans, and four days for Lactobacillus acidophillus to evaluate the inhibition zone. The results were tabulated for each material. It was demonstrated that exists important variations in the antimicrobial properties of the materials studied, as in the microbial sensitivity to these cements. PMID:2135908

  20. X-Band RF Gun Development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vlieks, Arnold; Dolgashev, Valery; Tantawi, Sami; /SLAC; Anderson, Scott; Hartemann, Fred; Marsh, Roark; /LLNL, Livermore

    2012-06-22

    In support of the MEGa-ray program at LLNL and the High Gradient research program at SLAC, a new X-band multi-cell RF gun is being developed. This gun, similar to earlier guns developed at SLAC for Compton X-ray source program, will be a standing wave structure made of 5.5 cells operating in the pi mode with copper cathode. This gun was designed following criteria used to build SLAC X-band high gradient accelerating structures. It is anticipated that this gun will operate with surface electric fields on the cathode of 200 MeV/m with low breakdown rate. RF will be coupled into the structure through a final cell with symmetric duel feeds and with a shape optimized to minimize quadrupole field components. In addition, geometry changes to the original gun, operated with Compton X-ray source, will include a wider RF mode separation, reduced surface electric and magnetic fields.

  1. W-band accelerator study in KEK

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Xiongwei; Nakajima, Kazuhisa

    2001-05-01

    In this paper, we summarize the W-band accelerator study in KEK. We present a design study on W-Band photocathode RF gun which is capable of generating and accelerating 300 pC electron bunch. The design system is made up of 91.392 GHz photocathode RF gun and 91.392 GHz traveling wave linac cells. Based on the numerical simulation using SUPERFISH and PARMELA and the conventional RF linac scaling law, the design will produce 300 pC at 1.74 MeV with bunch length 0.72 ps and normalized transverse emittance 0.55 mm mrad. We study the beam dynamics in high frequency and high gradient; due to the high gradient, the pondermotive effect plays an important role in beam dynamics; we found the pondermotive effect still exist with only the fundamental space harmonics (synchrotron mode) due to the coupling of the transverse and longitudinal motion.

  2. Photonic-Band-Gap Resonator Gyrotron

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report the design and experimental demonstration of a gyrotron oscillator using a photonic-band-gap (PBG) structure to eliminate mode competition in a highly overmoded resonator. The PBG cavity supports a TE041 -like mode at 140GHz and is designed to have no competing modes over a minimum frequency range δω/ω of 30% about the design mode. Experimental operation of a PBG gyrotron at 68kV and 5A produced 25kW of peak power in the design mode. No other modes were observed over the full predicted operating range about the design mode. PBG cavities show great promise for applications in vacuum electron devices in the millimeter- and submillimeter-wave bands

  3. Shear banding in thixotropic and normal emulsions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    When made to flow, yield stress materials rarely flow homogeneously. This is mostly attributed to the fact that such materials show a transition from a solid- to a liquid-like state when the stress exceeds some critical value: the yield stress. Thus, if the stress is heterogeneous, so is the flow. Here we consider emulsion flows in a cone-plate geometry that, for Newtonian fluids, correspond to a homogeneous stress situation and show that shear banding can also be observed either due to wall slip or to the existence of a critical shear rate. By means of velocity profiles obtained using a confocal laser scanning microscope combined with a rheometer we conclude that the last type of shear banding occurs only in thixotropic yield stress materials.

  4. Shear banding in thixotropic and normal emulsions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paredes, Jose; Bonn, Daniel [Van der Waals-Zeeman Institute, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098XH Amsterdam (Netherlands); Shahidzadeh-Bonn, Noushine [Institut Navier, ENPC-IFSTTAR-CNRS, 6 et 8 Avenue Blaise-Pascal, F-77455 Champs-sur-Marne Cedex 2 (France)

    2011-07-20

    When made to flow, yield stress materials rarely flow homogeneously. This is mostly attributed to the fact that such materials show a transition from a solid- to a liquid-like state when the stress exceeds some critical value: the yield stress. Thus, if the stress is heterogeneous, so is the flow. Here we consider emulsion flows in a cone-plate geometry that, for Newtonian fluids, correspond to a homogeneous stress situation and show that shear banding can also be observed either due to wall slip or to the existence of a critical shear rate. By means of velocity profiles obtained using a confocal laser scanning microscope combined with a rheometer we conclude that the last type of shear banding occurs only in thixotropic yield stress materials.

  5. Accurate valence band width of diamond

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An accurate width is determined for the valence band of diamond by imaging photoelectron momentum distributions for a variety of initial- and final-state energies. The experimental result of 23.0±0.2 eV2 agrees well with first-principles quasiparticle calculations (23.0 and 22.88 eV) and significantly exceeds the local-density-functional width, 21.5±0.2 eV2. This difference quantifies effects of creating an excited hole state (with associated many-body effects) in a band measurement vs studying ground-state properties treated by local-density-functional calculations. copyright 1997 The American Physical Society

  6. Hyperspectral bands prediction based on inter-band spectral correlation structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Ayman M.; Sharkawy, Mohamed El.; Elramly, Salwa H.

    2013-02-01

    Hyperspectral imaging has been widely studied in many applications; notably in climate changes, vegetation, and desert studies. However, such kind of imaging brings a huge amount of data, which requires transmission, processing, and storage resources for both airborne and spaceborne imaging. Compression of hyperspectral data cubes is an effective solution for these problems. Lossless compression of the hyperspectral data usually results in low compression ratio, which may not meet the available resources; on the other hand, lossy compression may give the desired ratio, but with a significant degradation effect on object identification performance of the hyperspectral data. Moreover, most hyperspectral data compression techniques exploits the similarities in spectral dimensions; which requires bands reordering or regrouping, to make use of the spectral redundancy. In this paper, we analyze the spectral cross correlation between bands for AVIRIS and Hyperion hyperspectral data; spectral cross correlation matrix is calculated, assessing the strength of the spectral matrix, we propose new technique to find highly correlated groups of bands in the hyperspectral data cube based on "inter band correlation square", and finally, we propose a new technique of band regrouping based on correlation values weights for different group of bands as network of correlation.

  7. Shuttle Ku-band and S-band communications implementation study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dodds, J. G.; Huth, G. K.; Nilsen, P. W.; Polydoros, A.; Simon, M. K.; Weber, C. L.

    1980-05-01

    Various aspects of the shuttle orbiter S-band network communication system, the S-band payload communication system, and the Ku-band communication system are considered. A method is proposed for obtaining more accurate S-band antenna patterns of the actual shuttle orbiter vehicle during flight because the preliminary antenna patterns using mock-ups are not realistic that they do not include the effects of additional appendages such as wings and tail structures. The Ku-band communication system is discussed especially the TDRS antenna pointing accuracy with respect to the orbiter and the modifications required and resulting performance characteristics of the convolutionally encoded high data rate return link to maintain bit synchronizer lock on the ground. The TDRS user constraints on data bit clock jitter and data asymmetry on unbalanced QPSK with noisy phase references are included. The S-band payload communication system study is outlined including the advantages and experimental results of a peak regulator design built and evaluated by Axiomatrix for the bent-pipe link versus the existing RMS-type regulator. The nominal sweep rate for the deep-space transponder of 250 Hz/s, and effects of phase noise on the performance of a communication system are analyzed.

  8. Comparison of broad-band and narrow-band red and near-infrared vegetation indices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An experiment has been conducted in which narrow-band field reflectance spectra were acquired of a rooted pinyon pine canopy with five different gravel backgrounds. Leaf area was successively removed as the measurements were repeated. From these reflectance spectra, narrow-band and broad-band (AVHRR, TM, MSS) red and near-infrared (NIR) vegetation index values were calculated. The performance of the vegetation indices was evaluated based on their capability to accurately estimate leaf area index (LAI) and percent green cover. Background effects were found for each of the tested vegetation indices. However, the background effects are most pronounced in the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and ratio vegetation index (RVI). Background effects can be reduced using either the perpendicular vegetation index (PVI) or soil adjusted vegetation index (SAVI) formulations. The narrow-band versions of these vegetation indices had only slightly better accuracy than their broad-band counterparts. The background effects were minimized using derivative based vegetation indices, which measure the amplitude of the chlorophyll red-edge using continuous narrow-band spectra from 626 nm to 795 nm. (author)

  9. The Mayall z-band Legacy Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, David R.; Blum, Robert D.; Allen, Lori; Dey, Arjun; Schlegel, David J.; Lang, Dustin; Moustakas, John; Meisner, Aaron M.; Valdes, Francisco; Patej, Anna; Myers, Adam D.; Sprayberry, David; Saha, Abi; Olsen, Knut A.; Safonova, Sasha; Yang, Qian; Burleigh, Kaylan J.; MzLS Team

    2016-06-01

    The Mayall z-band Legacy Survey (MzLS) is conducting a deep z-band imaging survey covering 5000 square degrees in the north Galactic cap as part of the Legacy Survey, which is associated with the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI) redshift survey. The Legacy Survey covers 14000 square degrees in the g, r, and z bands and is being executed on the Blanco 4-m, Mayall 4-m, and Bok 2.3-m telescopes. The MzLS footprint will be observed in the g and r bands using the Bok 2.3-m telescope also on Kitt Peak. The Beijing Arizona Sky Survey (BASS) is being conducted by a parallel team from Beijing and the University of Arizona. MzLS will cover the sky north of declination 30 degrees and reach a depth of z=23.0. The survey began in January 2016 and will run through June 2017 comprising approximately 230 nights on the Mayall telescope. The data are being obtained with an upgraded Mosaic camera that deploys with newred-sensitive CCDs from Lawrence Berkeley Lab (LBL) whose throughput is in excess of 80% at 8000 to approximately 9800 Angstrom. The upgrade project was a collaboration of Yale, LBL, and NOAO. MzLS images are public as soon as they are taken and delivered to the NOAO archive. Catalogs based on Tractor photometry for all available Legacy Survey images are released soon after they are constructed and MzLS sources will be included in next release planned for summer 2016. The Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI) will observe 30+ million galaxies and quasars in a 14,000 square degree extragalactic footprint. The targeting in that footprint will be provided by a combination of these MzLS data, DECam data from the DECam Legacy Survey, and data from the BASS survey.

  10. Faraday Rotation and L Band Oceanographic Measurements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skou, Niels

    2003-01-01

    Spaceborne radiometric measurements of the L band brightness temperature over the oceans make it possible to estimate sea surface salinity. However, Faraday rotation in the ionosphere disturbs the signals and must be corrected. Two different ways of assessing the disturbance directly from the...... radiometric measurements, and hence enabling a correction for the effect, are being discussed. Also, a method, which aims at circumventing the problem by using the first Stokes parameter in the salinity retrieval, is being discussed....

  11. Ultrafast Narrow Band Modulation of VCSELs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ning, Cun-Zheng; Biegel, Bryan A. (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    Multimode beating was greatly enhanced by taking output from part (e.g., half) of the output facet. Simpler sources of microwaves and millimeter waves of various frequencies were generated by varying the VCSEL diameter in a single multimode VCSEL our coupling of a few VCSELs. Breathing frequency in multi-mode operations affects modulation response and bandwidth. Optimizing RO frequency and mode beating frequency could potentially expand bandwidths suitable for wide band digital communications.

  12. Flat band superconductivity in strained Dirac materials

    OpenAIRE

    Kauppila, V. J.; Aikebaier, F.; Heikkilä, T. T.

    2016-01-01

    We consider superconducting properties of a two-dimensional Dirac material such as graphene under strain that produces a flat band spectrum in the normal state. We show that in the superconducting state, such a model results in a highly increased critical temperature compared to the case without the strain, inhomogenous order parameter with two-peak shaped local density of states and yet a large and almost uniform and isotropic supercurrent. This model could be realized in strained graphene o...

  13. HIGH CURRENT L-BAND LINAC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    S. RUSSELL; B. CARLSTEN; J. GOETTEE

    2001-02-01

    The Sub-Picosecond Accelerator (SPA) at the Los Alamos National Laboratory is an L-band photoinjector. Using magnetic compression, the SPA routinely compresses 8 MeV, 1 nC per bunch electron beams from an initial temporal FWHM bunch length of 20 ps to less than 1 ps. In recent plasma wakefield accelerator experiments, we have compressed a 2 nC per bunch electron beam to an approximate temporal length of 1 ps.

  14. Photon side-bands in mesoscopics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jauho, Antti-Pekka

    1998-01-01

    This paper reviews several applications of photonic side bands, used by Buttiker and Landauer (Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 1739 (1982)) in their theory of traversal time in tunneling, in transport and optics of mesoscopic systems. Topics include generalizations of the transmission theory of transport to...... time-dependent situations, optics and transport of mesoscopic systems in THz electromagnetic fields, and phase-measurements of photon-assisted tunneling through a quantum dot. (C) 1998 Academic Press Limited....

  15. Narrow band imaging for bladder cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Thomas Y. Hsueh; Allen W. Chiu

    2016-01-01

    Narrow band imaging (NBI) is a newly developed technology aiming to provide additional endoscopic information for patients with bladder cancer. This review focuses on the diagnostic accuracy and treatment outcome using NBI cystoscopy for the treatment of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. Current results showed improved sensitivity of NBI cystoscopy compared to conventional white light cystoscopy, although lower specificity and increased false-positive results were reported using NBI cystosc...

  16. Band gaps of primary metallic carbon nanotubes

    OpenAIRE

    Kleiner, Alex; Eggert, Sebastian

    2000-01-01

    Primary metallic, or small gap semiconducting nanotubes, are tubes with band gaps that arise solely from breaking the bond symmetry due to the curvature. We derive an analytic expression for these gaps by considering how a general symmetry breaking opens a gap in nanotubes with a well defined chiral wrapping vector. This approach provides a straightforward way to include all types of symmetry breaking effects, resulting in a simple unified gap equation as a function of chirality and deformati...

  17. Collective bands in neutron-rich 104Mo nucleus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Levels in the neutron-rich 104Mo nucleus have been investigated by observing prompt γ-rays from the spontaneous fission of 252Cf with the Gamma sphere detector array. The ground-state band, the one-phonon and the two-phonon γ-vibrational bands as well as a quasiparticle band have been confirmed and expanded with spin up to 14ℎ. Other two side bands probably built on new quasiparticle states are identified. The possible configurations for the quasiparticle bands are discussed. Two of the quasiparticle bands show larger moments of inertia and may have pair-free characteristics. The levels of the ground-state band, the one-phonon γ-band and the two-phonon γ-band calculated from a general collective model are in close agreement with the experimental data

  18. Topological transitions in multi-band superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Continentino, Mucio A., E-mail: mucio@cbpf.br [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Físicas, Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud, 150, Urca 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Deus, Fernanda, E-mail: fernanda@cbpf.br [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Físicas, Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud, 150, Urca 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Padilha, Igor T., E-mail: igorfis@ufam.edu.br [Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Campus Capital, 69077-070, Manaus, AM (Brazil); Caldas, Heron, E-mail: hcaldas@ufsj.edu.br [Departamento de Ciências Naturais, Universidade Federal de São João Del Rei, 36301-000, São João Del Rei, MG (Brazil)

    2014-09-15

    The search for Majorana fermions has been concentrated in topological insulators or superconductors. In general, the existence of these modes requires the presence of spin–orbit interactions and of an external magnetic field. The former implies in having systems with broken inversion symmetry, while the latter breaks time reversal invariance. In a recent paper, we have shown that a two-band metal with an attractive inter-band interaction has non-trivial superconducting properties, if the k-dependent hybridization is anti-symmetric in the wave-vector. This is the case, if the crystalline potential mixes states with different parities as for orbitals with angular momentum l and l+1. In this paper we take into account the effect of an external magnetic field, not considered in the previous investigation, in a two-band metal and show how it modifies the topological properties of its superconducting state. We also discuss the conditions for the appearance of Majorana fermions in this system.

  19. Frequency Arrangement For 700 MHz Band

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ancans G.

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The 694-790 MHz (700 MHz band was allocated by the 2012 World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC-12 in ITU Region 1 (Europe included, to the mobile service on a co-primary basis with other services to which this band was allocated on the primary basis and identified for the International Mobile Telecommunications (IMT. At the same time, the countries of Region 1 will be able also to continue using these frequencies for their broadcasting services if necessary. This allocation will be effective immediately after 2015 World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC-15. In order to make the best possible use of this frequency band for mobile service, a worldwide harmonized frequency arrangement is to be prepared to allow for large economies of scale and international roaming as well as utilizing the available spectrum in the best possible way, minimizing possible interference between services, facilitating deployment and cross-border coordination. The authors analyze different possible frequency arrangements and conclude on the frequency arrangement most suitable for Europe.

  20. On the persistence of adiabatic shear bands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bassim M.N.

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available It is generally agreed that the initiation and development of adiabatic shear bands (ASBs are manifestations of damage in metallic materials subjected to high strain rates and large strains as those due to impact in a Hopkinson Bar system. Models for evolution of these bands have been described in the literature. One question that has not received attention is how persistent these bands are and whether their presence and effect can be reversed or eliminated by using a process of thermal (heat treatment or thermo-mechanical treatment that would relieve the material from the high strain associated with ASBs and their role as precursors to crack initiation and subsequent failure. Since ASBs are more prevalent and more defined in BCC metals including steels, a study was conducted to investigate the best conditions of generating ASBs in a heat treatable steel, followed by determining the best conditions for heat treatment of specimens already damaged by the presence of ASBs in order to relieve the strains due to ASBs and restore the material to an apparent microstructure without the “scars” due to the previous presence of ASBs. It was found that heat treatment achieves the curing from ASBs. This presentation documents the process undertaken to achieve this objective.

  1. W-Band Sheet Beam Klystron Simulation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Colby, E.R.; Caryotakis, G.; Fowkes, W.R.; /SLAC; Smithe, D.N.; /Mission Res., Newington

    2005-09-12

    With the development of ever higher energy particle accelerators comes the need for compactness and high gradient, which in turn require very high frequency high power rf sources. Recent development work in W-band accelerating techniques has spurred the development of a high-power W-band source. Axisymmetric sources suffer from fundamental power output limitations (P{sub sat} {approx} {lambda}{sup 2}) brought on by the conflicting requirements of small beam sizes and high beam current. The sheet beam klystron allows for an increase in beam current without substantial increase in the beam current density, allowing for reduced cathode current densities and focusing field strengths. Initial simulations of a 20:1 aspect ratio sheet beam/cavity interaction using the 3 dimensional particle-in-cell code Magic3D have demonstrated a 35% beam-power to RF power extraction efficiency. Calculational work and numerical simulations leading to a prototype W-band sheet beam klystron will be presented, together with preliminary cold test structure studies of a proposed RF cavity geometry.

  2. Proceedings of wide band gap semiconductors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book contains the proceedings of wide band gap semiconductors. Wide band gap semiconductors are under intense study because of their potential applications in photonic devices in the visible and ultraviolet part of the electromagnetic spectrum, and devices for high temperature, high frequency and high power electronics. Additionally, due to their unique mechanical, thermal, optical, chemical, and electronic properties many wide band gap semiconductors are anticipated to find applications in thermoelectric, electrooptic, piezoelectric and acoustooptic devices as well as protective coatings, hard coatings and heat sinks. Material systems covered in this symposium include diamond, II-VI compounds, III-V nitrides, silicon carbide, boron compounds, amorphous and microcrystalline semiconductors, chalcopyrites, oxides and halides. The various papers addressed recent experimental and theoretical developments. They covered issues related to crystal growth (bulk and thin films), structure and microstructure, defects, doping, optoelectronic properties and device applications. A theoretical session was dedicated to identifying common themes in the heteroepitaxy and the role of defects in doping, compensation and phase stability of this unique class of materials. Important experimental milestones included the demonstrations of bright blue injection luminescence at room temperatures from junctions based on III-V nitrides and a similar result from multiple quantum wells in a ZnSe double heterojunction at liquid nitrogen temperatures

  3. Identification of more interstellar C60+ bands

    CERN Document Server

    Walker, Gordon; Maier, John; Campbell, Ewen

    2015-01-01

    Based on gas-phase laboratory spectra at 6 K, Campbell et al. (2015) confirmed that the diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) at 9632.7 and 9577.5A are due to absorption by the fullerene ion C60+. They also reported the detection of two other, weaker bands at 9428.5 and 9365.9A. These lie in spectral regions heavily contaminated by telluric water vapour lines. We acquired CFHT ESPaDOnS spectra of HD183143 close to the zenith and chopped with a nearby standard to correct for the telluric line absorption which enabled us to detect a DIB at 9365.9A of relative width and strength comparable to the laboratory absorption. There is a DIB of similar strength and FWHM at 9362.5A. A stellar emission feature at 9429A prevented detection of the 9428.5A band. However, a CFHT archival spectrum of HD169454, where emission is absent at 9429A, clearly shows the 9428.5A DIB with the expected strength and width. These results further confirm C60+ as a DIB carrier.

  4. Carbon Monoxide bands in M dwarfs

    CERN Document Server

    Pavlenko, Ya V; Pavlenko, Yakiv V.; Jones, Hugh R.A.

    2002-01-01

    We compare the observational and theoretical spectra of the $\\Delta v$ = 2 CO bands in a range of M dwarfs. We investigate the dependence of theoretical spectra on effective temperatures as well as carbon abundance. In general we find that the synthetic CO bands fit the observed data extremely well and are excellent diagnostics. In particular the synthetic spectra reasonably match observations and the best fit temperatures are similar to those found by empirical methods. We also examine the \\CDC isotopic ratio. We find that fundamental $^{13}$CO bands around 2.345 and 2.375 $\\mu$m are good discriminators for the \\CDC ratio in M dwarfs. The 2.375 $\\mu$m is more useful because it doesn't suffer such serious contamination by water vapour transitions. Our current dataset does not quite have the wavelength coverage to perform a reliable determination of the \\CDC ratio in M dwarfs. For this we recommend observing the region 2.31--2.40 $\\mu$m at a resolution of better than 1000. Alternatively the observational probl...

  5. Multi-Band Feeds: A Design Study

    CERN Document Server

    Maan, Yogesh; Raja, Wasim; Mehta, Nikhil

    2012-01-01

    Broadband antenna feeds are of particular interest to existing and future radio telescopes for multi-frequency studies of astronomical sources. Although a 1:15 range in frequency is difficult to achieve, the well-known Eleven feed design offers a relatively uniform response over such a range, and reasonably well-matched responses in E & H planes. However, given the severe Radio Frequency Interference in several bands over such wide spectral range, one desires to selectively reject the corresponding bands. With this view, we have explored the possibilities of having a multi-band feed antenna spanning a wide frequency range, but which would have good response only in a number of pre-selected (relatively) RFI-free windows (for a particular telescope-site). The designs we have investigated use the basic configuration of pairs of dipoles as in the Eleven feed, but use simple wire dipoles instead of folded dipoles used in the latter. From our study of the two designs we have investigated, we find that the desig...

  6. Identification of More Interstellar C60+ Bands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, G. A. H.; Bohlender, D. A.; Maier, J. P.; Campbell, E. K.

    2015-10-01

    Based on gas-phase laboratory spectra at 6 K, Campbell et al. confirmed that the diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) at 9632.7 and 9577.5 Å are due to absorption by the fullerene ion {{{C}}}60+. They also reported the detection of two other, weaker bands at 9428.5 and 9365.9 Å. These lie in spectral regions heavily contaminated by telluric water vapor lines. We acquired CFHT ESPaDOnS spectra of HD 183143 close to the zenith and chopped with a nearby standard to correct for the telluric line absorption which enabled us to detect a DIB at 9365.9 Å of relative width and strength comparable to the laboratory absorption. There is a DIB of similar strength and FWHM at 9362.5 Å. A stellar emission feature at 9429 Å prevented detection of the 9428.5 Å band. However, a CFHT archival spectrum of HD 169454, where emission is absent at 9429 Å, clearly shows the 9428.5 Å DIB with the expected strength and width. These results further confirm {{{C}}}60+ as a DIB carrier. Based on observations obtained at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT), which is operated by the National Research Council of Canada, the Institut National des Sciences de l’Univers of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique of France, and the University of Hawaii.

  7. Dual band metamaterial perfect absorber based on artificial dielectric "molecules".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiaoming; Lan, Chuwen; Li, Bo; Zhao, Qian; Zhou, Ji

    2016-01-01

    Dual band metamaterial perfect absorbers with two absorption bands are highly desirable because of their potential application areas such as detectors, transceiver system, and spectroscopic imagers. However, most of these dual band metamaterial absorbers proposed were based on resonances of metal patterns. Here, we numerically and experimentally demonstrate a dual band metamaterial perfect absorber composed of artificial dielectric "molecules" with high symmetry. The artificial dielectric "molecule" consists of four "atoms" of two different sizes corresponding to two absorption bands with near unity absorptivity. Numerical and experimental absorptivity verify that the dual-band metamaterial absorber is polarization insensitive and can operate in wide-angle incidence. PMID:27406699

  8. Spectral band selection for classification of soil organic matter content

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, Tracey L.; Szilagyi, Andrea; Baumgardner, Marion F.; Chen, Chih-Chien Thomas; Landgrebe, David A.

    1989-01-01

    This paper describes the spectral-band-selection (SBS) algorithm of Chen and Landgrebe (1987, 1988, and 1989) and uses the algorithm to classify the organic matter content in the earth's surface soil. The effectiveness of the algorithm was evaluated comparing the results of classification of the soil organic matter using SBS bands with those obtained using Landsat MSS bands and TM bands, showing that the algorithm was successful in finding important spectral bands for classification of organic matter content. Using the calculated bands, the probabilities of correct classification for climate-stratified data were found to range from 0.910 to 0.980.

  9. Extended collective bands in neutron-rich 109Ru

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DING Huai-Bo; ZHU Sheng-Jiang; J.H. Hamilton; A.V. Ramayya; J. K. Hwang; K. Li; S.H. Liu; Y.X. Luo; J.O. Rasmussen; C.T. Goodin; I. Y. Lee; WANG Jian-Guo; CHE Xing-Lai; GU Long

    2009-01-01

    Levels in the neutron-rich 109Ru have been studied by observing the prompt γ-rays following the spontaneous fission fragments of 252Cf. The ground state band and the negative parity bands have been confirmed and extended. A positive parity band with the band head level at 332.5 keV is newly identified and suggested as a single-neutron excitation band built on the 7/2+ [404] Nilsson orbital. Some structural characteristics of these bands are discussed.

  10. Retrospective biodosimetry with small tooth enamel samples using K-Band and X-Band

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomez, Jorge A. [Departamento de Fisica, FFCLRP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, 14040-901 Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Kinoshita, Angela [Departamento de Fisica, FFCLRP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, 14040-901 Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Universidade Sagrado Coracao - USC, 17011-160 Bauru, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Leonor, Sergio J. [Departamento de Fisica, FFCLRP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, 14040-901 Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Belmonte, Gustavo C. [Universidade Sagrado Coracao - USC, 17011-160 Bauru, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Baffa, Oswaldo, E-mail: baffa@usp.br [Departamento de Fisica, FFCLRP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, 14040-901 Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo (Brazil)

    2011-09-15

    In an attempt to make the in vitro electron spin resonance (ESR) retrospective dosimetry of the tooth enamel a lesser invasive method, experiments using X-Band and K-Band were performed, aiming to determine conditions that could be used in cases of accidental exposures. First, a small prism from the enamel was removed and ground with an agate mortar and pestle until particles reach a diameter of approximately less than 0.5 mm. This enamel extraction process resulted in lower signal artifact compared with the direct enamel extraction performed with a diamond burr abrasion. The manual grinding of the enamel does not lead to any induced ESR signal artifact, whereas the use of a diamond burr at low speed produces a signal artifact equivalent to the dosimetric signal induced by a dose of 500 mGy of gamma irradiation. A mass of 25 mg of enamel was removed from a sound molar tooth previously irradiated in vitro with a dose of 100 mGy. This amount of enamel was enough to detect the dosimetric signal in a standard X-Band spectrometer. However using a K-Band spectrometer, samples mass between 5 and 10 mg were sufficient to obtain the same sensitivity. An overall evaluation of the uncertainties involved in the process in this and other dosimetric assessments performed at our laboratory indicates that it is possible at K-Band to estimate a 100 mGy dose with 25% accuracy. In addition, the use of K-Band also presented higher sensitivity and allowed the use of smaller sample mass in comparison with X-Band. Finally, the restoration process performed on a tooth after extraction of the 25 mg of enamel is described. This was conducted by dental treatment using photopolymerizable resin which enabled complete recovery of the tooth from the functional and aesthetic viewpoint showing that this procedure can be minimally invasive.

  11. Chemically induced compaction bands in geomaterials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stefanou, Ioannis; Sulem, Jean

    2013-04-01

    Compaction bands play an important role in oil production and may provide useful information on various geological processes. Various mechanisms can be involved at different scales: the micro scale (e.g. the grain scale), the meso scale (e.g. the Representative Element Volume) and the macro scale (e.g. the structure). Moreover, hydro-chemo-mechanical couplings might play an important role in triggering instabilities in the form of compaction bands. Compaction bands can be seen as an instability of the underneath mathematical problem leading to localization of deformation [1,2,3]. Here we explore the conditions of compaction banding in quartz-based geomaterials by considering the effect of chemical dissolution and precipitation [4,5]. In due course of the loading process grain crushing affects the residual strength, the porosity and the permeability of the material. Moreover, at the micro-level, grain crushing results in an increase of the grain specific surface, which accelerates the dissolution [6]. Consequently, the silica is removed more rapidly from the grain skeleton and the overall mechanical properties are degraded due to chemical factors. The proposed model accounts for these phenomena. In particular, the diffusion of the diluted in the water silica is considered through the mass balance equation of the porous medium. The reduction of the mechanical strength of the material is described through a macroscopic failure criterion with chemical softening. The grain size reduction is related to the total energy input [7]. A grain size and porosity dependent permeability law is adopted. These degradation mechanisms are coupled with the dissolution/precipitation reaction kinetics. The obtained hydro-chemo-mechanical model is used to investigate the conditions, the material parameters and the chemical factors inducing compaction bands formation. References [1] J.W. Rudnicki, and J.R. Rice. "Conditions for the Localization of Deformation in Pressure

  12. Central Flyway Duck Banding project : Annual progress report 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Central Flyway Council (CFC) initiated a six year duck banding program in 1996 with emphasis on mallard banding in North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, and...

  13. Satellite image classification methods and Landsat 5TM bands

    CERN Document Server

    Tamouk, Jamshid; Farmanbar, Mina

    2013-01-01

    This paper attempts to find the most accurate classification method among parallelepiped, minimum distance and chain methods. Moreover, this study also challenges to find the suitable combination of bands, which can lead to better results in case combinations of bands occur. After comparing these three methods, the chain method over perform the other methods with 79% overall accuracy. Hence, it is more accurate than minimum distance with 67% and parallelepiped with 65%. On the other hand, based on bands features, and also by combining several researchers' findings, a table was created which includes the main objects on the land and the suitable combination of the bands for accurately detecting of landcover objects. During this process, it was observed that band 4 (out of 7 bands of Landsat 5TM) is the band, which can be used for increasing the accuracy of the combined bands in detecting objects on the land.

  14. Ninigret National Wildlife Refuge 2010 Fall Banding Summary

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report summarizes bird banding results at Ninigret National Wildlife Refuge during the fall of 2010. The Ninigret banding station opened nets on 26 August and...

  15. Ninigret National Wildlife Refuge 2008 Fall Banding Summary

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report summarizes bird banding results at Ninigret National Wildlife Refuge during the fall of 2008. The Ninigret banding station opened nets on 29 August and...

  16. Highly dispersive photonic band-gap prism

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We propose the concept of a photonic band-gap (PBG) prism based on two-dimensional PBG structures and realize it in the millimeter-wave spectral regime. We recognize the highly nonlinear dispersion of PBG materials near Brillouin zone edges and utilize the dispersion to achieve strong prism action. Such a PBG prism is very compact if operated in the optical regime, ∼20μm in size for λ∼700nm, and can serve as a dispersive element for building ultracompact miniature spectrometers. copyright 1996 Optical Society of America

  17. Highly dispersive photonic band-gap prism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, S Y; Hietala, V M; Wang, L; Jones, E D

    1996-11-01

    We propose the concept of a photonic band-gap (PBG) prism based on two-dimensional PBG structures and realize it in the millimeter-wave spectral regime. We recognize the highly nonlinear dispersion of PBG materials near Brillouin zone edges and utilize the dispersion to achieve strong prism action. Such a PBG prism is very compact if operated in the optical regime, ~20 mm in size for lambda ~ 700 nm, and can serve as a dispersive element for building ultracompact miniature spectrometers. PMID:19881796

  18. Ka-Band for CubeSats

    OpenAIRE

    King, Jan A.; Leveque, Kyle; Bertino, Michael; Kim, Jin; Aghahassan, Houahang

    2015-01-01

    As 3U and 6U CubeSat missions begin to play a fundamental role in space science, advanced applications and even commercial utilization, there is a strong corresponding demand for higher data rates from even smaller fractions of the volume of a Cubesat envelope. Based on a concept outlined at this conference in 2012, a Ka-Band transmitter for Earth Exploration applications has now been developed and tested and this RF technology is now in-orbit; flying as a major demonstration in a 6U spacecra...

  19. Hyperdeformed band in the 36Ar nucleus?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Complete text of publication follows. The exotic shapes of atomic nuclei has attracted much attention recently both from the experimental and from the theoretical sides. E.g. the superdeformed (SD) shape in N = Z nuclei were observed experimentally during the last decade. In particular the SD band of the 36Ar nucleus was detected in 2000 [1]. Following the experimental observation a considerable theoretical effort has been concentrated on this band. In [2] e.g. the possible binary clusterizations of this state was studied systematically. Similar studies have been done also for the ground, and the hyperdeformed band. The latter one had been predicted from alphacluster model calculations [3]. The possible binary cluster-configurations are important not only for the better understanding of the structure of the shape isomers, but also from the viewpoint of predicting the favoured reaction channels to populate these states. This is the straightforward consequence of the close relation between the clusterization and reaction channels. (In fact, a cluster-configuration is defined by the reaction channel in which it can be observed.) One of the interesting conclusions of the work [2] was, that the hyperdeformed (HD) state of the 36Ar nucleus could be populated in the 24Mg+12C and 20Ne+16O reactions. A recent analysis of the 24Mg+12C elastic scattering [4] revealed the fact that the cross section can be described only by supposing resonances on top of the potential scattering. This very careful analysis incorporated phase-shift study, as well as Regge-pole and energy-dependent resonance calculations. The existence of five resonances have been proved, which have angular momenta 2, 4, 6, 7, 8. These states together with the resonances from the 20Ne+16O reactions seem to establish a rotational band, as shown in the upper part of Fig. 1. Its moment of inertia is in a very good agreement with that of the HD shape predicted from alpha-cluster model [3]. The similarity of the

  20. The band-gap enhanced photovoltaic structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tessler, Nir

    2016-05-01

    We critically examine the recently suggested structure that was postulated to potentially add 50% to the photo-conversion efficiency of organic solar cells. We find that the structure could be realized using stepwise increase in the gap as long as the steps are not above 0.1 eV. We also show that the charge extraction is not compromised due to an interplay between the contact's space charge and the energy level modification, which result in a flat energy band at the extracting contact.

  1. Optimum band gap of a thermoelectric material

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Transport properties of direct-gap semiconductors are calculated in order to find the best thermoelectrics. Previous calculations on semiconductors with indirect band gaps found that the best thermoelectrics had gaps equal to nkBT, where n=6-10 and T is the operating temperature of the thermoelectric device. Here we report similar calculations on direct-gap materials. We find that the optimum gap is always greater than 6kBT, but can be much larger depending on the specific mechanism of electron scattering

  2. Suicidal ligature strangulation using gymnastics bands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tzimas, Iliana; Bajanowski, Thomas; Pollak, Stefan; Trübner, Kurt; Thierauf, Annette

    2014-03-01

    Suicidal ligature strangulation is a rare event. The most important issue to solve in the investigation is whether it is a case of homicide or suicide. The characteristics of suicidal ligature strangulation are summarized by Koops and Brinkmann with the emphasis on the nature of the ligature instrument(s). In this article, we present two cases of self-strangulation with an almost identical modus operandi using gymnastics bands. The autopsy findings and the nature of the ligature in these cases are depicted and in good accordance with the described typical observations in suicidal cases. The importance of a broad medico-legal investigation is demonstrated. PMID:24429766

  3. Chemostratigraphy of Neoproterozoic Banded Iron Formation (BIF)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gaucher, Claudio; Sial, Alcides N.; Frei, Robert

    2015-01-01

    Neoproterozoic banded iron formations (BIFs) are not restricted to the middle Cryogenian, c. 715 Ma glaciation, occurring in Tonian, Cryogenian, and Ediacaran successions. Many Neoproterozoic BIFs were deposited in glacially influenced settings, such as the Rapitan Group (Canada), Jacadigo Group (W...... study of BIFs include rare earth element distribution, especially Eu and Ce normalized concentrations, iron speciation, and Nd and Cr isotopes (δ53Cr). Whereas Rapitan type BIFs exhibit no Eu or Ce anomalies, the Algoma-type Neoproterozoic BIFs show both. Positive δ53Cr values characterize glacially...

  4. Simple band model of doped fullerene crystal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We used quantum billiard with many scattering centers to describe conducting electrons properties in AC60 crystals, where A denotes alkali metal. We focus our attention on the A3C60 crystal, for which we calculate the band structure, density of states, and conductivity for normal electrons. Conductivity shows linear dependence on temperature in this model, which agrees well with experimental data. We also discuss consequences of our results for superconductivity mechanism in A3C60 and possibilities of analogous approach to describe electron properties in fused fullerenes and multiply connected carbon clusters. (author)

  5. Sculpting the band gap: a computational approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasai, Kiran; Biswas, Parthapratim; Drabold, D A

    2015-01-01

    Materials with optimized band gap are needed in many specialized applications. In this work, we demonstrate that Hellmann-Feynman forces associated with the gap states can be used to find atomic coordinates that yield desired electronic density of states. Using tight-binding models, we show that this approach may be used to arrive at electronically designed models of amorphous silicon and carbon. We provide a simple recipe to include a priori electronic information in the formation of computer models of materials, and prove that this information may have profound structural consequences. The models are validated with plane-wave density functional calculations. PMID:26490203

  6. Flow equations for band-matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Mielke, A

    1998-01-01

    Continuous unitary transformations can be used to diagonalize or approximately diagonalize a given Hamiltonian. In the last four years, this method has been applied to a variety of models of condensed matter physics and field theory. With a new generator for the continuous unitary transformation proposed in this paper one can avoid some of the problems of former applications. General properties of the new generator are derived. It turns out that the new generator is especially useful for Hamiltonians with a banded structure. Two examples, the Lipkin model, and the spin--boson model are discussed in detail.

  7. Single Band Helical Antenna in Axial Mode

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parminder Singh

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Helical antennas have been widely used in a various useful applications, due to their low weight and low profile conformability, easy and cheap realization.Radiation properties of this antenna are examined both theoretically and experimentally. In this paper, an attempt has been made to investigate new helical antenna structure for Applications. CST MWS Software is used for the simulation and design calculations of the helical antennas. The axial ratio, return loss, VSWR, Directivity, gain, radiation pattern is evaluated. Using CST MWS simulation software proposed antenna is designed/simulated and optimized. The antenna exhibits a single band from 0 GHz to 3 GHz for GPS and several satellite applications

  8. Robust MPEG Watermarking in DWT Four Bands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Elbaşı

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we generalize an idea in a recent paper that embeds a binary pattern in the form of a binary image in the wavelet domain for images. Our generalization includes all four bands (LL, LH, HL and HH in the DWT for MPEG video sequences. We tested the proposed algorithm against twelve attacks. Embedding the watermark in lower frequencies is robust to one group of attacks, and embedding the watermark in higher frequencies is robust to another group of attacks.

  9. Golden Caviar - Ett bands visuella identitet skapas

    OpenAIRE

    Lindh, Max

    2016-01-01

    I mitt examensarbete presenterar jag skapandet av en visuell identitet och brandning av party pop/rock bandet Golden Caviar. Det är ett nytt band som inte ännu har något grafiskt material från förut. Arbetet består av en logotyp, en webbsida, planering av sociala medier och tryckta produkter. Förutom designen av olika produkter består projektet av en forskningsdel. Forskningen handlar om musikbrandning och marknadsföring. Förutom själva forskningen har jag intervjuat ett par lokala mu...

  10. Thermodynamics of many-band superconductors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the present thesis the microscopical properties of the superconducting state of MgCNi3, MgB2, and some rare earth-transition metal borocarbides are studied by means of measurements of the specific heat. Furthermore the frequency spectrum of the lattice vibrations is estimated. The energy gap of the superconducting state can be determined from the specific heat of the superconducting state, which yields as like as the upper critical mafnetic field Hc2(0) hints on the electron-phonon coupling. From the analysis of these results and the comparison with results from transport measurements as well as the tunnel and point-contact spectroscopy can be concluded, how far the BCS model of superconductivity must be modified in order to be able to describe the superconducting state of the studied compounds. Studies on MgCNi3, which lies near a magnetic instability, show that occurring magnetic fluctuations have a bisection of the superconducting transition temperature TC as consequence. The under this aspect relatively high value of TC=7 K is a consequence of strong electron-phonon coupling, which is essentailly carried by nickel vibrations stabilized by carbon. A for the first time observed distinct anomaly in the specific heat of the classical many-band superconductor MgB2 (here with pure 10B) at about Tc/4=10 K can be understood by means of a two-band model for the case of especially weak coupling between both bands. The analysis of the specific heat of the superconducting phase of the non-magnetic rare earth-nickel borocarbide YNi2B2C and LuNi2B2C leads to the conclusion thet visible effects of the many-band electron system are dependent on the mass on the position both of the rare earth and the transition metal. The signal of the superconducting phase transformation visible in the specific heat of the antiferromagnetic HoNi2B2C is smaller than expected

  11. DYNAMIC BANDWIDTH ALLOCATION ALGORITHM UTILIZING FULL BAND

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Han Guodong; Wen Jianhua; Wu Jiangxing

    2006-01-01

    A kind of Dynamic Full Bandwidth Utilized (DFBU) allocation algorithm is introduced. This algorithm allows a single link to use bandwidth far beyond its fair share bandwidth in a multi-service packet transporting system. Three important parameters as the bound on maximum and minimum bandwidth, the maximum packet delay and the minimum band width utilization are discussed and analyzed. Results of experiments show that the DFBU-algorithm is capable of making a single link in the system to use all the spare bandwidth (up to full-bandwidth) while the performance of fairness and QoS requirement is still guaranteed.

  12. Inter-band optoelectronic properties in quantum dot structure of low band gap III-V semiconductors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A generalized theory is developed to study inter-band optical absorption coefficient (IOAC) and material gain (MG) in quantum dot structures of narrow gap III-V compound semiconductor considering the wave-vector (k→) dependence of the optical transition matrix element. The band structures of these low band gap semiconducting materials with sufficiently separated split-off valance band are frequently described by the three energy band model of Kane. This has been adopted for analysis of the IOAC and MG taking InAs, InSb, Hg1−xCdxTe, and In1−xGaxAsyP1−y lattice matched to InP, as example of III–V compound semiconductors, having varied split-off energy band compared to their bulk band gap energy. It has been found that magnitude of the IOAC for quantum dots increases with increasing incident photon energy and the lines of absorption are more closely spaced in the three band model of Kane than those with parabolic energy band approximations reflecting the direct the influence of energy band parameters. The results show a significant deviation to the MG spectrum of narrow-gap materials having band nonparabolicity compared to the parabolic band model approximations. The results reflect the important role of valence band split-off energies in these narrow gap semiconductors

  13. Geometric origin of superfluidity in the Lieb lattice flat band

    OpenAIRE

    Julku, Aleksi; Peotta, Sebastiano; Vanhala, Tuomas; Kim, Dong-Hee; Törmä, Päivi

    2016-01-01

    The ground state and transport properties of the Lieb lattice flat band in the presence of an attractive Hubbard interaction are considered. It is shown that the superfluid weight can be large even for an isolated and strictly flat band. Moreover the superfluid weight is proportional to the interaction strength and to the quantum metric, a band structure invariant obtained from the flat-band Bloch functions. These predictions are amenable to verification with ultracold gases and may explain t...

  14. Retention of riveted aluminum leg bands by wild turkeys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diefenbach, Duane R.; Vreeland, Wendy C.; Casalena, Mary Jo; Schiavone, Michael V.

    2016-01-01

    In order for mark–recapture models to provide unbiased estimates of population parameters, it is critical that uniquely identifying tags or marks are not lost. We double-banded male and female wild turkeys with aluminum rivet bands and estimated the probability that a bird would be recovered with both bands aluminum bands, we believe they are an effective marking technique for wild turkeys and, for most studies, will minimize any concern about the assumption that marks are not lost.

  15. Experimental reconstruction of Wilson lines in Bloch bands

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Tracy; Duca, Lucia; Reitter, Martin; Grusdt, Fabian; Demler, Eugene; Endres, Manuel; Schleier-Smith, Monika; BLOCH, Immanuel; Schneider, Ulrich

    2015-01-01

    Topology and geometry are essential to our understanding of modern physics, underlying many foundational concepts from high energy theories, quantum information, and condensed matter physics. In condensed matter systems, a wide range of phenomena stem from the geometry of the band eigenstates, which is encoded in the matrix-valued Wilson line for general multi-band systems. By realizing strong-force dynamics in Bloch bands that are described by Wilson lines, we observe an evolution of band po...

  16. Magnetoconductivity of Hubbard bands induced in silicon MOSFETs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sodium impurities are diffused electrically to the oxide-semiconductor interface of a silicon MOSFET to create an impurity band. At low temperature and at low electron density, the band is split into an upper and a lower sections under the influence of Coulomb interactions. We used magnetoconductivity measurements to provide evidence for the existence of Hubbard bands and determine the nature of States in each band

  17. 76 FR 51978 - Unlicensed Operation in the TV Broadcast Bands

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-19

    ... Microsoft Corporation as TV bands device database administrators. The TV bands databases will be used by... Engineering and Technology designates Microsoft Corporation as a TV bands database administrator pursuant to... adopted a Second Memorandum Opinion and Order (Second MO&O) in ET Docket No. 04-186, 75 FR 75814,...

  18. A Theoretical Structure of High School Concert Band Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergee, Martin J.

    2015-01-01

    This study used exploratory (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to verify a theoretical structure for high school concert band performance and to test that structure for viability, generality, and invariance. A total of 101 university students enrolled in two different bands rated two high school band performances (a "first"…

  19. 32 CFR 508.1 - Utilization of Army bands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... PUBLIC RELATIONS COMPETITION WITH CIVILIAN BANDS § 508.1 Utilization of Army bands. (a) General... Secretary of Defense. The authority to determine whether the use of an Army band at a public gathering is... Forces, veterans, and patriotic organizations. (3) At public rallies and parades intended to...

  20. Quantum confinement and band offsets in amorphous silicon quantum wells

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jarolimek, K.; De Groot, R.A.; De Wijs, G.A.; Zeman, M.

    2014-01-01

    Quantum wells (QWs) are nanostructures consisting of alternating layers of a low and high band-gap semiconductor. The band gap of QWs can be tuned by changing the thickness of the low band-gap layer, due to quantum confinement effects. Although this principle is well established for crystalline mate

  1. Band-Structure of Thallium by the LMTO Method

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holtham, P. M.; Jan, J. P.; Skriver, Hans Lomholt

    1977-01-01

    The relativistic band structure of thallium has been calculated using the linear muffin-tin orbital (LMTO) method. The positions and extents of the bands were found to follow the Wigner-Seitz rule approximately, and the origin of the dispersion of the bands was established from the canonical s and...

  2. Kink Band Instability and Propagation in Layered Structures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wadee, M.A.; Hunt, G.W.; Peletier, M.A.

    2003-01-01

    A recent two-dimensional prototype model for the initiation of kink banding in compressed layered structures is extended to embrace the two propagation mechanisms of band broadening and band progression. As well as interlayer friction, overburden pressure and layer bending energy, the characteristic

  3. The Illinois School for the Deaf Band: A Historical Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheldon, Deborah A.

    1997-01-01

    Presents the history of the Illinois School for the Deaf (ISD) band from its inception in 1923 until documentary records end in 1929. Recounts the creation of the band within the context of the ISD, the nature of the repertoire, their performances, and public praise and criticism of the band. (DSK)

  4. Influence of γ irradiation on band width of optical fibers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effect of band width of the multimode step index fibers under γ irradiation has been investigated. It was found that band width of the optical fibers decreased as irradiation dose increased, and the decrease of band width reached to 60%. The possible cause for the result is discussed

  5. Quadrupole moment of superdeformed bands in Tb-151

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Finck, C; Stezowski, O; Beck, FA; Appelbe, DE; Byrski, T; Courtin, S; Cullen, DM; Curien, D; de France, G; Duchene, G; Erturk, S; Gall, BJP; Garg, U; Haas, B; Khadiri, N; Kharraja, B; Kintz, N; Nourreddine, A; Prevost, D; Rigollet, C; Savajols, H; Twin, PJ; Vivien, JP; Zuber, K

    1998-01-01

    The quadrupole moments of the first two superdeformed (SD) bands in the nucleus Tb-151 have been measured with the Doppler Shift Attenuation Method (DSAM) using the EUROGAM gamma-ray spectrometer, The first excited band (B2) is identical to the yrast SD band of Dy-152 in terms of dynamical moments o

  6. Chiral doublet bands and energy-level crossing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QI Bin; MENG Jie; ZHANG Shuang-Quan; WANG Shou-Yu; PENG Jing

    2009-01-01

    Different definitions for chiral doublet bands based on excitation energies, B(E2) and B(M1) respectively are discussed in the triaxial particle rotor model. For the ideal chiral geometry, the selection rules of the electromagnetic transitions in different band definitions are illustrated. It is also shown that the energy-level crossings between chiral doublet bands may occur.

  7. Band gap, band offsets and dielectric constant improvement by addition of yttrium into lanthanum aluminate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Z.Q. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, 4 Engineering Drive 3, Singapore 117576 (Singapore); Chim, W.K., E-mail: elecwk@nus.edu.sg [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, 4 Engineering Drive 3, Singapore 117576 (Singapore); Chiam, S.Y., E-mail: chiamsy@imre.a-star.edu.sg [Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, A*STAR (Agency for Science, Technology and Research), 3 Research Link, Singapore 117602 (Singapore); Pan, J.S. [Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, A*STAR (Agency for Science, Technology and Research), 3 Research Link, Singapore 117602 (Singapore); Ng, C.M. [GLOBALFOUNDRIES Singapore Pte. Ltd, 60 Woodlands Street 2, Singapore 738406 (Singapore)

    2013-05-01

    We studied the effects of adding yttrium (Y) in bulk lanthanum aluminate (LaAlO{sub 3} or LAO) by investigating the quaternary compound oxide, lanthanum yttrium aluminum oxide La{sub 0.3}Y{sub 0.7}AlO{sub 3} (LYAO), on silicon (Si). It is found that the inclusion of Y to LAO increases the band gap by ∼ 0.9 eV without compromising the dielectric constant. The enhancement in the band gap results in larger band offsets in LYAO and we also observe a decrease in leakage current at low voltage accumulation bias for Al/LYAO/Si as compared to Al/LAO/Si. In addition, the interface trap density of the Al/LYAO/Si structure remains comparable to that of Al/LAO/Si. Our findings show that LYAO is an attractive high dielectric constant material for use in next-generation low standby power devices. - Highlights: • We studied the inclusion of yttrium in LaAlO{sub 3} by investigating La{sub 0.3}Y{sub 0.7}AlO{sub 3} on Si. • Inclusion of yttrium in LaAlO{sub 3} (LAO) increases the band gap by 0.9 eV. • Enhancement in the band gap results in larger band offsets in La{sub 0.3}Y{sub 0.7}AlO{sub 3} (LYAO). • Decrease in leakage current at low voltage for Al/LYAO/Si compared to Al/LAO/Si. • LYAO is an attractive high-k material for low standby power devices.

  8. Band gap, band offsets and dielectric constant improvement by addition of yttrium into lanthanum aluminate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We studied the effects of adding yttrium (Y) in bulk lanthanum aluminate (LaAlO3 or LAO) by investigating the quaternary compound oxide, lanthanum yttrium aluminum oxide La0.3Y0.7AlO3 (LYAO), on silicon (Si). It is found that the inclusion of Y to LAO increases the band gap by ∼ 0.9 eV without compromising the dielectric constant. The enhancement in the band gap results in larger band offsets in LYAO and we also observe a decrease in leakage current at low voltage accumulation bias for Al/LYAO/Si as compared to Al/LAO/Si. In addition, the interface trap density of the Al/LYAO/Si structure remains comparable to that of Al/LAO/Si. Our findings show that LYAO is an attractive high dielectric constant material for use in next-generation low standby power devices. - Highlights: • We studied the inclusion of yttrium in LaAlO3 by investigating La0.3Y0.7AlO3 on Si. • Inclusion of yttrium in LaAlO3 (LAO) increases the band gap by 0.9 eV. • Enhancement in the band gap results in larger band offsets in La0.3Y0.7AlO3 (LYAO). • Decrease in leakage current at low voltage for Al/LYAO/Si compared to Al/LAO/Si. • LYAO is an attractive high-k material for low standby power devices

  9. Achievement of Narrow-Band CARS Signal by Manipulating Broad-band Laser Spectrum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We theoretically demonstrate the achievement of narrow-band coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) signal by manipulating broad-band probe spectrum. The narrowing of the CARS signal depends on the spectrum bandwidth of the probe beam, and thus high-resolution CARS signal for a complicated quantum system can be obtained by the simple spectrum manipulation. Furthermore, the energy-level diagram for the complicated quantum system can also be labelled by measuring the CARS signal at a given frequency. (fundamental areas of phenomenology (including applications))

  10. Identification of New Hot Bands in the Blue and Green Band Systems of FeH.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson; Brown

    1999-10-01

    A particularly rich region of the electronic spectrum of FeH from 525 to 545 nm was investigated using the techniques of dispersed and undispersed laser-induced fluorescence. Analysis has led to the discovery that several different electronic transitions are embedded in this region; the (0, 0) and (1, 1) bands of the e(6)Pi-a(6)Delta (green) system, the (0, 2) band of the g(6)Phi-X(4)Delta (intercombination) system, the (0, 1) band of the g(6)Phi-a(6)Delta (blue) system, and the (0, 0) band of the g(6)Phi-b(6)Pi system. Seventy-five lines were assigned in the (0, 1) band of the g(6)Phi-a(6)Delta transition. These, with the assignment of an additional 14 lines in the 583 nm region to the (0, 1) band of the e(6)Pi-a(6)Delta transition, led to the extension of the known term values to higher J values for the Omega = 9/2, 7/2, and 5/2 spin components of the v = 1 level of the a(6)Delta state and the novel characterization of the a(6)Delta(3/2) (v = 1) and g(6)Phi(5/2) (v = 0) components. A further 73 lines were assigned to the first four subbands of the (1, 1) band of the e(6)Pi-a(6)Delta transition and term values for the lowest four spin components of the v = 1 level of the e(6)Pi state were determined. This provides the first experimental measurement of a vibrational interval in one of the higher lying electronic states of FeH. The interval does not appear to vary strongly between the spin components (DeltaG(1/2) = 1717, 1713, 1710 cm(-1) for Omega = 7/2, 5/2, 3/2, respectively). Remarkably few of the hot-band transitions assigned in this work could be identified in the complex, high-temperature spectrum of FeH recorded by P. McCormack and S. O'Connor [Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 26, 373-380 (1976)]. Copyright 1999 Academic Press. PMID:10479583

  11. Ka Band Phase Locked Loop Oscillator Dielectric Resonator Oscillator for Satellite EHF Band Receiver

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Coco

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the design and fabrication of a Ka Band PLL DRO having a fundamental oscillation frequency of 19.250 GHz, used as local oscillator in the low-noise block of a down converter (LNB for an EHF band receiver. Apposite circuital models have been created to describe the behaviour of the dielectric resonator and of the active component used in the oscillator core. The DRO characterization and measurements have shown very good agreement with simulation results. A good phase noise performance is obtained by using a very high Q dielectric resonator.

  12. X-Band to W-Band Doppler Radar Using Reconfigurable RF T/R MMIC Series Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — During Phase I, TLC will demonstrate and deliver a remote mixed-mode adjustable X-band to W-band transceiver chip that can perform well as a FMCW, super-heterodyne...

  13. Optical band gaps of organic semiconductor materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, José C. S.; Taveira, Ricardo J. S.; Lima, Carlos F. R. A. C.; Mendes, Adélio; Santos, Luís M. N. B. F.

    2016-08-01

    UV-Vis can be used as an easy and forthright technique to accurately estimate the band gap energy of organic π-conjugated materials, widely used as thin films/composites in organic and hybrid electronic devices such as OLEDs, OPVs and OFETs. The electronic and optical properties, including HOMO-LUMO energy gaps of π-conjugated systems were evaluated by UV-Vis spectroscopy in CHCl3 solution for a large number of relevant π-conjugated systems: tris-8-hydroxyquinolinatos (Alq3, Gaq3, Inq3, Al(qNO2)3, Al(qCl)3, Al(qBr)3, In(qNO2)3, In(qCl)3 and In(qBr)3); triphenylamine derivatives (DDP, p-TTP, TPB, TPD, TDAB, m-MTDAB, NPB, α-NPD); oligoacenes (naphthalene, anthracene, tetracene and rubrene); oligothiophenes (α-2T, β-2T, α-3T, β-3T, α-4T and α-5T). Additionally, some electronic properties were also explored by quantum chemical calculations. The experimental UV-Vis data are in accordance with the DFT predictions and indicate that the band gap energies of the OSCs dissolved in CHCl3 solution are consistent with the values presented for thin films.

  14. Spectra of {gamma} rays feeding superdeformed bands

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lauritsen, T.; Khoo, T.L.; Henry, R.G. [and others

    1995-08-01

    The spectrum of {gamma}rays coincident with SD transitions contains the transitions which populate the SD band. This spectrum can provide information on the feeding mechanism and on the properties (moment of inertia, collectivity) of excited SD states. We used a model we developed to explain the feeding of SD bands, to calculate the spectrum of feeding {gamma}rays. The Monte Carlo simulations take into account the trigger conditions present in our Eurogam experiment. Both experimental and theoretical spectra contain a statistical component and a broad E2 peak (from transitions occurring between excited states in the SD well). There is good resemblance between the measured and calculated spectra although the calculated multiplicity of an E2 bump is low by {approximately}30%. Work is continuing to improve the quality of the fits, which will result in a better understanding of excited SD states. In addition, a model for the last steps, which cool the {gamma} cascade into the SD yrast line, needs to be developed. A strong M1/E2 low-energy component, which we believe is responsible for this cooling, was observed.

  15. F-electron systems: Pushing band theory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koelling, D.D.

    1990-08-01

    The f-electron orbitals have always been the incomplete atomic shell acting as a local moment weakly interacting with the remaining electronic structure'' in the minds of most people. So examining them using a band theory where one views them as itinerant once was -- and to some extent even today still is -- considered with some skepticism. Nonetheless, a very significant community has successfully utilized band theory as a probe of the electronic structure of the appropriate actinides and rare earths. Those people actually using the approach would be the first to declare that it is not the whole solution. Instead, one is pushing and even exceeding its limits of applicability. However, the appropriate procedure is to push the model consistently to its limits, patch where possible, and then look to see where discrepancies remain. I propose to offer a selected review of past developments (emphasizing the career to date of A. J. Freeman in this area), offer a list of interesting puzzles for the future, and then make some guesses as to the techniques one might want to use. 27 refs.

  16. At Bright Band Inside Victoria Crater

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    A layer of light-toned rock exposed inside Victoria Crater in the Meridiani Planum region of Mars appears to mark where the surface was at the time, many millions of years ago, when an impact excavated the crater. NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity drove to this bright band as the science team's first destination for the rover during investigations inside the crater. Opportunity's left front hazard-identification camera took this image just after the rover finished a drive of 2.25 meters (7 feet, 5 inches) during the rover's 1,305th Martian day, or sol, (Sept. 25, 2007). The rocks beneath the rover and its extended robotic arm are part of the bright band. Victoria Crater has a scalloped shape of alternating alcoves and promontories around the crater's circumference. Opportunity descended into the crater two weeks earlier, within an alcove called 'Duck Bay.' Counterclockwise around the rim, just to the right of the arm in this image, is a promontory called 'Cabo Frio.'

  17. Search for band termination in 121Xe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Complete text of publication follows. The high-spin states of 121Xe have been studied, using the 64Ni(64Ni,α3n) nuclear reaction, in order to identify terminating bands in this nucleus. The EUROBALL γ-ray spectrometer and its ancillary charged-particle detector, DIAMANT, were used to collect gamma-particle coincidence events (for experimental details see Ref. [1]). The data were sorted into γγ- and γγγ-coincidence matrices by requiring the detection of one α particle. The level scheme of 121Xe, as shown in Fig. 1, was constructed using the triple-coincidence relations and the energy and intensity balances of the γ-ray transitions. The level spins and parities were deduced from transition multipolarities derived from measured DCO-ratios and linear polarisations. Most of the excited states known from previous studies were confirmed and some of the previously known bands have been extended to higher spins. Configuration-dependent cranked Nilsson- Strutinsky-type calculations were performed to help the interpretation of high-spin states observed in 121Xe and the identification of terminating states. This work is in progress

  18. 76 FR 11681 - Improving Public Safety Communications in the 800 MHz Band; New 800 MHz Band Plan for Puerto Rico...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-03

    ... plan in the USVI as it had adopted in Puerto Rico, 75 FR 35363, June 22, 2010. The Bureau received two... systems operating in the band, 69 FR 67823, November 22, 2004. In a Third Report and Order and Third... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 90 Improving Public Safety Communications in the 800 MHz Band; New 800 MHz Band...

  19. Warm-Up Activities of Middle and High School Band Directors Participating in State-Level Concert Band Assessments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, Justin P.; Hancock, Carl B.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the warm-ups chosen by concert band directors participating in state-level performance assessments. We observed 29 middle and high school bands and coded the frequency and duration of warm-up activities and behaviors. Results indicated that most bands rehearsed music and played scales, long tones, and…

  20. Vortex in holographic two-band superfluid/superconductor

    CERN Document Server

    Wu, Mu-Sheng; Zhang, Hai-Qing

    2015-01-01

    We construct numerically static vortex solutions in a holographic model of two-band superconductor with an interband Josephson coupling in both the superfluid and superconductor regime. We investigate the effect of the interband coupling on the order parameter of each superconducting band, and we find that it has different effects on the two bands. We compute the free energy, critical magnetic field, magnetic penetration length and coherence lengths for the two bands, and we study their dependence on the interband coupling and temperature. Interestingly, we find that the coherence lengths of the two bands are close to identical.

  1. Vortex in holographic two-band superfluid/superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Mu-Sheng; Wu, Shang-Yu; Zhang, Hai-Qing

    2016-05-01

    We construct numerically static vortex solutions in a holographic model of two-band superconductor with an interband Josephson coupling in both the superfluid and superconductor regime. We investigate the effects of the interband coupling on the order parameter of each superconducting band in the vortex solution, and we find that it is different for each of the two bands. We compute also the free energy, critical magnetic field, magnetic penetration length and coherence lengths for the two bands, and we study their dependence on the interband coupling and temperature. Interestingly, we find that the coherence lengths of the two bands are close to identical.

  2. Development of C-band RF pulse compressor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    C-band RF compressor is a device that generates high peak RF-power by saving, and compressing the RF-power output from the klystron. In SCSS: The SPring-8 Compact SASE Source, Q-factor of C-band RF compressor is lower than theoretical figure. To improve Q-factor of C-band RF compressor, we changed the production method of C-band RF compressor from Electron Beam Welding (EBW) to the brazing in XFEL: X-ray Free Electron Lasers. As a result, Q-factor of C-band RF compressor has been improved, and it succeeded in the work improvement. (author)

  3. Emission bands of phosphorus and calculation of band structure of rare earth phosphides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The method of x-ray emission spectroscopy has been used to investigate the electronic structure of monophosphides of rare-earth metals (REM). The fluorescence K bands of phosphorus have been obtained in LaP, PrP, SmP, GdP, TbP, DyP, HoP, ErP, TmP, YbP, and LuP and also the Lsub(2,3) bands of phosphorus in ErP, TmP, YbP, and LuP. Using the Green function technique involving the muffin-tin potential, the energy spectrum for ErP has been calculated in the single-electron approximation. The hystogram of electronic state distribution N(E) is compared with the experimental K and Lsub(2,3) bands of phosphorus in ErP. The agreement between the main details of N(E) and that of x-ray spectra allows to state that the model used provides a good description of the electron density distribution in crystals of REM monophosphides. In accordance with the character of the N(E) distribution the compounds under study are classified as semimetals or semiconductors with a very narrow forbidden band

  4. A search of diffuse bands in fullerene planetary nebulae: evidence for diffuse circumstellar bands

    CERN Document Server

    Diaz-Luis, J J; Rao, N Kameswara; Manchado, A; Cataldo, F

    2014-01-01

    Large fullerenes and fullerene-based molecules have been proposed as carriers of diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs). The recent detection of the most common fullerenes (C60 and C70) around some Planetary Nebulae (PNe) now enable us to study the DIBs towards fullerene-rich space environments. We search DIBs in the optical spectra towards three fullerene-containing PNe (Tc 1, M 1-20, and IC 418). Special attention is given to DIBs which are found to be unusually intense towards these fullerene sources. In particular, an unusually strong 4428A absorption feature is a common charateristic to fullerene PNe. Similarly to Tc 1, the strongest optical bands of neutral C60 are not detected towards IC 418. Our high-quality (S/N > 300) spectra for PN Tc 1 together with its large radial velocity permits us to search for the presence of diffuse bands of circumstellar origin which we refer to as diffuse circumstellar bands (DCBs). We report the first tentative detection of two DCBs at 4428 and 5780 A in the fullerene-rich ci...

  5. The band system of ethane around 7 micron: Frequency analysis of the ν6 band

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moazzen-Ahmadi, N.; Oliaee, J. Norooz

    2016-09-01

    High quality line parameters of the band systems of ethane are required for accurate characterization of spectral features observed in the atmospheres of Jovian planets and their satellites. To date, experimental characterization of the excited vibrational states lying below 1300 cm-1 has been made. This includes the torsional bands around 35 μm, ν9 (820 cm-1), ν3 (990 cm-1), ν12-ν9 (380 cm-1) and ν9+ν4-ν4 (830 cm-1) bands. These earlier high resolution ro-vibrational analyses were made to experimental accuracy. Here, we report a detailed analysis of the weak ν6 band in the 1340-1410 cm-1 region using a spectrum recorded at a resolution of 0.003 cm-1 and temperature of 200 K. The Hamiltonian model included couplings between ν6 and ν9 (in particular with ν9+2ν4 with which it is resonantly coupled) as well as couplings between ν6 and ν8. An excellent fit to within experimental accuracy was obtained. Taking the results of this 5-state fit, together with earlier results on lower lying vibrations, we now have experimental characterization for torsion-vibration states of ethane lying below 1400 cm-1.

  6. Formation of Degenerate Band Gaps in Layered Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexey P. Vinogradov

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In the review, peculiarities of spectra of one-dimensional photonic crystals made of anisotropic and/or magnetooptic materials are considered. The attention is focused on band gaps of a special type—the so called degenerate band gaps which are degenerate with respect to polarization. Mechanisms of formation and properties of these band gaps are analyzed. Peculiarities of spectra of photonic crystals that arise due to the linkage between band gaps are discussed. Particularly, it is shown that formation of a frozen mode is caused by linkage between Brillouin and degenerate band gaps. Also, existence of the optical Borrmann effect at the boundaries of degenerate band gaps and optical Tamm states at the frequencies of degenerate band gaps are analyzed.

  7. A colored leg banding technique for Amazona parrots

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyers, J.M.

    1995-01-01

    A technique for individual identification of Amazona was developed using plastic leg bands. Bands were made from 5- and 7-mm-wide strips of laminated PVC coiled 2.5 times with an inside diameter 4-5 mm gt the maximum diameter of the parrot's leg. Seventeen parrots were captured in Puerto Rico, marked with individual plastic leg bands, and observed for 204-658 d with only one lost or damaged plastic band. Plastic leg bands did not cause injury to or calluses on parrots' legs. The plastic material used for making leg bands was available in 18 colors in 1994, which would allow unique marking of 306 individuals using one plastic leg band on each leg.

  8. Eastern Band of Cherokee Strategic Energy Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Souther Carolina Institute of energy Studies-Robert Leitner

    2009-01-30

    The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians was awarded a grant under the U.S. Department of Energy Tribal Energy Program (TEP) to develop a Tribal Strategic Energy Plan (SEP). The grant, awarded under the “First Steps” phase of the TEP, supported the development of a SEP that integrates with the Tribe’s plans for economic development, preservation of natural resources and the environment, and perpetuation of Tribal heritage and culture. The Tribe formed an Energy Committee consisting of members from various departments within the Tribal government. This committee, together with its consultant, the South Carolina Institute for Energy Studies, performed the following activities: • Develop the Tribe’s energy goals and objectives • Establish the Tribe’s current energy usage • Identify available renewable energy and energy efficiency options • Assess the available options versus the goals and objectives • Create an action plan for the selected options

  9. Interstellar Fullerene Compounds and Diffuse Interstellar Bands

    CERN Document Server

    Omont, Alain

    2015-01-01

    Recently, the presence of fullerenes in the interstellar medium (ISM) has been confirmed, especially with the first confirmed identification of two strong diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) with C60+. This justifies reassesing the importance of interstellar fullerenes of various sizes with endohedral or exohedral inclusions and heterofullerenes (EEHFs). The phenomenology of fullerenes is complex. In addition to formation in shock shattering, fully dehydrogenated PAHs in diffuse interstellar (IS) clouds could perhaps efficiently transform into fullerenes including EEHFs. But it is extremely difficult to assess their expected abundance, composition and size distribution, except for C60+. As often suggested, EEHFs share many properties with C60, as regards stability, formation/destruction, chemical processes and many basic spectral features. We address the importance of various EEHFs as possible DIB carriers. Specifically, we discuss IS properties and the contributions of fullerenes of various sizes and charge su...

  10. Design of W-Band photoinjector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a design study on W-Band photocathode RF gun which is capable of generating and accelerating 300 pC electron bunch. The design system is made up of 91.392 GHz photocathode RF gun and 91.392 GHz travelling wave linac cells. Based on the numerical simulation using SUPERFISH and PARMELA and the conventional RF linac scaling law, the design will produce 300 pC at 1.74 MeV with bunch length 0.72 ps and normalized tranverse emittance 0.5 mm mrad. We study the beam dynamics in high frequency and high gradient; due to the high gradient, the pondermotive effect plays an important role in beam dynamics; we found the pondermotive effect still exist with only the fundamental space harmonics (synchrotron mode) due to the coupling of the transverse and longitudinal motion. (author)

  11. Development of L-band RF gun

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Continuing from the report at the previous annual meeting, we show the present status about the development of the L-band photocathode RF gun which is conducted by the collaborations with the groups of Osaka University, KEK, and Hiroshima University. At the last summary, we carried out the high power test and RF processing of the RF-gun cavity at KEK's Superconducting radiofrequency Test Facility (STF). Comparing with the predecessor working at STF, we find that the RF process of this cavity make faster progress. In this report, we show the result of this high power RF processing of the cavity and the present problems found out after that. We also show the development of the laser system as the cathode driver. (author)

  12. Broad-band acoustic hyperbolic metamaterial

    CERN Document Server

    Shen, Chen; Sui, Ni; Wang, Wenqi; Cummer, Steven A; Jing, Yun

    2015-01-01

    Acoustic metamaterials (AMMs) are engineered materials, made from subwavelength structures, that exhibit useful or unusual constitutive properties. There has been intense research interest in AMMs since its first realization in 2000 by Liu et al. A number of functionalities and applications have been proposed and achieved using AMMs. Hyperbolic metamaterials are one of the most important types of metamaterials due to their extreme anisotropy and numerous possible applications, including negative refraction, backward waves, spatial filtering, and subwavelength imaging. Although the importance of acoustic hyperbolic metamaterials (AHMMs) as a tool for achieving full control of acoustic waves is substantial, the realization of a broad-band and truly hyperbolic AMM has not been reported so far. Here, we demonstrate the design and experimental characterization of a broadband AHMM that operates between 1.0 kHz and 2.5 kHz.

  13. Bayesian Fusion of Multi-Band Images

    CERN Document Server

    Wei, Qi; Tourneret, Jean-Yves

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, a Bayesian fusion technique for remotely sensed multi-band images is presented. The observed images are related to the high spectral and high spatial resolution image to be recovered through physical degradations, e.g., spatial and spectral blurring and/or subsampling defined by the sensor characteristics. The fusion problem is formulated within a Bayesian estimation framework. An appropriate prior distribution exploiting geometrical consideration is introduced. To compute the Bayesian estimator of the scene of interest from its posterior distribution, a Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm is designed to generate samples asymptotically distributed according to the target distribution. To efficiently sample from this high-dimension distribution, a Hamiltonian Monte Carlo step is introduced in the Gibbs sampling strategy. The efficiency of the proposed fusion method is evaluated with respect to several state-of-the-art fusion techniques. In particular, low spatial resolution hyperspectral and mult...

  14. Pedunculopontine Gamma Band Activity and Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Garcia-Rill

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This review highlights the most important discovery in the reticular activating system in the last 10 years, the manifestation of gamma band activity in cells of the reticular activating system (RAS, especially in the pedunculopontine nucleus, which is in charge of waking and rapid eye movement (REM sleep. The identification of different cell groups manifesting P/Q-type Ca2+ channels that control waking vs. those that manifest N-type channels that control REM sleep provides novel avenues for the differential control of waking vs. REM sleep. Recent discoveries on the development of this system can help explain the developmental decrease in REM sleep and the basic rest-activity cycle.

  15. New results on the superdeformed {sup 196}Pb nucleus: The decay of the excited bands to the yrast band

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bouneau, S.; Azaiez, F.; Duprat, J. [IPN, Orsay (France)] [and others

    1996-12-31

    The study of the superdeformed (SD) {sup 196}Pb nucleus has been revisited using the EUROGAM phase 2 spectrometer. In addition to the known yrast and two lowest excited SD bands, a third excited SD band has been seen. All of the three excited bands were found to decay to the yrast SD band through, presumably, E1 transitions, allowing relative spin and excitation energy assignments. Comparisons with calculations using the random-phase approximation suggest that all three excited bands can be interpreted as octupole vibrational structures.

  16. High Pressure Oxygen A-Band Spectra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drouin, Brian; Sung, Keeyoon; Yu, Shanshan; Lunny, Elizabeth M.; Bui, Thinh Quoc; Okumura, Mitchio; Rupasinghe, Priyanka; Bray, Caitlin; Long, David A.; Hodges, Joseph; Robichaud, David; Benner, D. Chris; Devi, V. Malathy; Hoo, Jiajun

    2015-06-01

    Composition measurements from remote sensing platforms require knowledge of air mass to better than the desired precision of the composition. Oxygen spectra allow determination of air mass since the mixing ratio of oxygen is fixed. The OCO-2 mission is currently retrieving carbon dioxide concentration using the oxygen A-band for air mass normalization. The 0.25% accuracy desired for the carbon dioxide concentration has pushed the state-of-the-art for oxygen spectroscopy. To produce atmospheric pressure A-band cross-sections with this accuracy requires a sophisticated line-shape model (Galatry or Speed-Dependent) with line mixing (LM) and collision induced absorption (CIA). Models of each of these phenomena exist, but an integrated self-consistent model must be developed to ensure accuracy. This presentation will describe the ongoing effort to parameterize these phenomena on a representative data set created from complementary experimental techniques. The techniques include Fourier transform spectroscopy (FTS), photo-acoustic spectroscopy (PAS) and cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS). CRDS data allow long-pathlength measurements with absolute intensities, providing lineshape information as well as LM and CIA, however the subtleties of the lineshape are diminished in the saturated line-centers. Conversely, the short paths and large dynamic range of the PAS data allow the full lineshape to be discerned, but with an arbitrary intensity axis. Finally, the FTS data provides intermediate paths and consistency across a broad pressure range. These spectra are all modeled with the Labfit software using first the spectral line database HITRAN, and then model values are adjusted and fitted for better agreement with the data.

  17. Electronic band structures of binary skutterudites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The electronic properties of complex binary skutterudites, MX3 (M = Co, Rh, Ir; X = P, As, Sb) are explored, using various density functional theory (DFT) based theoretical approaches including Green's Function (GW) as well as regular and non-regular Tran Blaha modified Becke Jhonson (TB-mBJ) methods. The wide range of calculated bandgap values for each compound of this skutterudites family confirm that they are theoretically as challenging as their experimental studies. The computationally expensive GW method, which is generally assume to be efficient in the reproduction of the experimental bandgaps, is also not very successful in the calculation of bandgaps. In this article, the issue of the theoretical bandgaps of these compounds is resolved by reproducing the accurate experimental bandgaps, using the recently developed non-regular TB-mBJ approach, based on DFT. The effectiveness of this technique is due to the fact that a large volume of the binary skutterudite crystal is empty and hence quite large proportion of electrons lie outside of the atomic spheres, where unlike LDA and GGA which are poor in the treatment of these electrons, this technique properly treats these electrons and hence reproduces the clear electronic picture of these compounds. - Highlights: • Theoretical and experimental electronic band structures of binary skutterudites are reviewed. • The literature reveals that none of the existing theoretical results are consistent with the experiments. • GW, regular and non-regular TB-mBJ methods are used to reproduce the correct results. • The GW and regular TB-mBJ results are better than the available results in literature. • However, non-regular TB-mBJ reproduces the correct experimental band structures

  18. Outcome of band ligation in oesophageal varices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To find out the outcome og band ligation of oesophageal varices in decompensated chronic liver disease patients. Methods: The quasi experimental study was conducted at the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, and Civil Hospital, Karachi, unit from September 2007 to August 2011. Subjects were eligible if they had a diagnosis of cirrhosis based on history, physical examination, biochemical parameters and liver biopsy in some cases. Patients with advanced cirrhosis (Child-Pugh class C), antibodies against human immunodeficiency virus, hepatocellular carcinoma, portal vein thrombosis evident on ultrasonography, parenteral drug addiction, current alcohol abuse, previous or current treatment with β-blockers were excluded from the study. All patients were asked about alcohol intake and tested to determine the cause of liver cirrhosis. Tests for other causes of cirrhosis were carried out only if there was a suggestive clue. All patients under-went upper gastrointestinal endoscopy after consent. SPSS 15 was used for statistical analysis. Results: The age of the 173 patients who met the inclusion criteria ranged from 15 to 85 years, with a mean of 48.39+-13.38 years. There were 112 (64.7%) males. High-grade varices were seen in 130 (75.1%) patients, while low-grade varices were observed in 43 (24.9%) on first endoscopy. At initial endoscopy, 111 (64.2%) patients had portal hypertensive gastropathy. The patients were followed up for a mean period of 5.20+-2.67 months. Variceal obliteration was achieved in 138 (79.8%), while 33 (19.1%) cases developed re-bleeding. Mean number of endoscopy sessions for these patients were 2.28+-.918 with a maximum of 4. Conclusion: Band ligation eradicated oesophageal varices with less complications and a lower re-bleeding rate, but at the same time eradication was associated with more frequent development of portal hypertensive gastropathy. (author)

  19. Electronic band structures of binary skutterudites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khan, Banaras [Center for Computational Materials Science, University of Malakand, Chakdara (Pakistan); Department of Physics, University of Malakand, Chakdara (Pakistan); Aliabad, H.A. Rahnamaye [Department of Physics, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Saifullah [Center for Computational Materials Science, University of Malakand, Chakdara (Pakistan); Department of Physics, University of Malakand, Chakdara (Pakistan); Jalali-Asadabadi, S. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Isfahan (UI), 81744 Isfahan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Khan, Imad [Center for Computational Materials Science, University of Malakand, Chakdara (Pakistan); Department of Physics, University of Malakand, Chakdara (Pakistan); Ahmad, Iftikhar, E-mail: ahma5532@gmail.com [Center for Computational Materials Science, University of Malakand, Chakdara (Pakistan); Department of Physics, University of Malakand, Chakdara (Pakistan)

    2015-10-25

    The electronic properties of complex binary skutterudites, MX{sub 3} (M = Co, Rh, Ir; X = P, As, Sb) are explored, using various density functional theory (DFT) based theoretical approaches including Green's Function (GW) as well as regular and non-regular Tran Blaha modified Becke Jhonson (TB-mBJ) methods. The wide range of calculated bandgap values for each compound of this skutterudites family confirm that they are theoretically as challenging as their experimental studies. The computationally expensive GW method, which is generally assume to be efficient in the reproduction of the experimental bandgaps, is also not very successful in the calculation of bandgaps. In this article, the issue of the theoretical bandgaps of these compounds is resolved by reproducing the accurate experimental bandgaps, using the recently developed non-regular TB-mBJ approach, based on DFT. The effectiveness of this technique is due to the fact that a large volume of the binary skutterudite crystal is empty and hence quite large proportion of electrons lie outside of the atomic spheres, where unlike LDA and GGA which are poor in the treatment of these electrons, this technique properly treats these electrons and hence reproduces the clear electronic picture of these compounds. - Highlights: • Theoretical and experimental electronic band structures of binary skutterudites are reviewed. • The literature reveals that none of the existing theoretical results are consistent with the experiments. • GW, regular and non-regular TB-mBJ methods are used to reproduce the correct results. • The GW and regular TB-mBJ results are better than the available results in literature. • However, non-regular TB-mBJ reproduces the correct experimental band structures.

  20. Hazard banding in compliance with the new Globally Harmonised System (GHS) for use in control banding tools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnone, Mario; Koppisch, Dorothea; Smola, Thomas; Gabriel, Stefan; Verbist, Koen; Visser, Remco

    2015-10-01

    Many control banding tools use hazard banding in risk assessments for the occupational handling of hazardous substances. The outcome of these assessments can be combined with advice for the required risk management measures (RMMs). The Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) has resulted in a change in the hazard communication elements, i.e. Hazard (H) statements instead of Risk-phrases. Hazard banding schemes that depend on the old form of safety information have to be adapted to the new rules. The purpose of this publication is to outline the rationales for the assignment of hazard bands to H statements under the GHS. Based on this, this publication proposes a hazard banding scheme that uses the information from the safety data sheets as the basis for assignment. The assignment of hazard bands tiered according to the severity of the underlying hazards supports the important principle of substitution. Additionally, the set of assignment rules permits an exposure-route-specific assignment of hazard bands, which is necessary for the proposed route-specific RMMs. Ideally, all control banding tools should apply the same assignment rules. This GHS-compliant hazard banding scheme can hopefully help to establish a unified hazard banding strategy in the various control banding tools. PMID:26206396

  1. Hetero-gate-dielectric double gate junctionless transistor (HGJLT) with reduced band-to-band tunnelling effects in subthreshold regime

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We propose a hetero-gate-dielectric double gate junctionless transistor (HGJLT), taking high-k gate insulator at source side and low-k gate insulator at drain side, which reduces the effects of band-to-band tunnelling (BTBT) in the sub-threshold region. A junctionless transistor (JLT) is turned off by the depletion of carriers in the highly doped thin channel (device layer) which results in a significant band overlap between the valence band of the channel region and the conduction band of the drain region, due to off-state drain bias, that triggers electrons to tunnel from the valence band of the channel region to the conduction band of the drain region leaving behind holes in the channel. These effects of band-to-band tunnelling increase the sub-threshold leakage current, and the accumulation of holes in the channel forms a parasitic bipolar junction transistor (n–p–n BJT for channel JLT) in the lateral direction by the source (emitter), channel (base) and drain (collector) regions in JLT structure in off-state. The proposed HGJLT reduces the subthreshold leakage current and suppresses the parasitic BJT action in off-state by reducing the band-to-band tunnelling probability. (semiconductor devices)

  2. Injury due to leg bands in willow flycatchers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sedgwick, J.A.; Klus, R.J.

    1997-01-01

    We report an apparently unusually high incidence of leg injury in Willow Flycatchers (Empidonax traillii) as a result of banding and color banding. Color bands and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) bands applied to Willow Flycatchers from 1988-1995 resulted in an overall leg injury rate of 9.6% to birds returning to our study areas in subsequent years. Most injuries occurred on legs with only color band(s) (58.3%) or on legs with both a USFWS band and a color band (35%); only 6.7% of injuries (4/60) were due to USFWS bands alone, yielding an overall USFWS band injury rate of only 0.6%. Injuries ranged from severe (swollen, bleeding legs; a missing foot) to relatively minor (irritations on the tarsus). Amputation of the foot occurred in 33.9% of the cases. Return rates of adult injured birds in the year(s) following injury were significantly lower than for the population at large.

  3. Collective bands in 104,106,108Mo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have used our analysis of γ-γ-γ data (5.7 x 1011 triples and higher folds) taken with Gammasphere from prompt γ rays emitted in the spontaneous fission of 252Cf to study the collective bands in 104,106,108Mo. The one-phonon and two-phonon γ-vibrational bands and known two-quasiparticle bands in neutron-rich 104,106Mo were extended to higher spins. The one-and two-phonon γ-vibrational bands have remarkably close energies for transitions from the same spin states and identical moments of inertia. Several new bands are observed and are proposed as quasiparticle bands in 104,106Mo, along with the first β-type vibrational band in 106Mo. The quasiparticle bands have essentially constant moments of inertia near the rigid-body value that indicate blocking of the pairing interaction. Candidates for chiral doublet bands in 106Mo are strong. These are the first reported chiral vibrational bands in an even-even nucleus

  4. Single-band and Dual-band Artificial Magnetic Conductor Ground Planes for Multi-band Dipole Antenna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Abu

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Two new designs of high impedance surface (HIS structure are presented, namely zigzag and slotted rectangular with I-shaped slot Artificial Magnetic Conductor (AMC. The zigzag AMC is designed based on the straight dipole AMC. The zigzag AMC is introduced to minimize the AMC size and to be suitable for UHF RFID applications. On the other hand, the slotted rectangular with I-shaped slot AMC is designed to operate at 0.92 GHz and 2.45 GHz. The slot is loaded in the main patch of the AMC to create the other resonant frequency. By using this technique the resonant frequency can be lowered, and hence reduce the size of the AMC. Both structures are designed using the same dielectric substrate that is Taconic TLC-32. The properties of the AMC are investigated such as the reflection phase, reflection magnitude and surface impedance. The designed AMCs then are used as a back plane for the printed multi-band dipole antenna. By introducing the AMC as a ground plane (GP for the printed dipole antenna, the gain of the dipole antenna is increased.

  5. NOVEL SUPER WIDE BAND ANTENNA WITH WLAN/WiMAX BAND REJECTION AND COMPACT SIZE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hadi Baghali

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A 25×25×1.6mm3 implementation of a microstrip-fed printed monopole antenna for the future UWB wireless systems application is presented. It has features of possesses band notched function (from 4.88 to 6.07GHz, extremely wide impedance bandwidth (from 2.58 to 18GHz and its compact size. By using a smooth tapering between the semi fractal-shaped patch and the half ellipse-shaped defected ground plane, the wide impedance bandwidth is achieved with ratio bandwidth larger than 6.97:1. Numerical and experimental results are in good agreement and they indicate that the proposed antenna has a measured 2:1 VSWR bandwidth of 149.8%, except the rejected WLAN band.

  6. Shear banding deformation in Cu/Ta nano-multilayers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: → Formation of shear bands in Cu/Ta multilayers is layer thickness dependent. → Unique layer-morphology with prevalent mismatched laminate structure was observed. → A new physical mechanism that dominates shear band formation is suggested. - Abstract: Nanoscale Cu/Ta multilayers with individual layer thickness ranging from 3 to 70 nm were deformed under nanoindentation at room temperature. Shear bands can be observed only when individual layer thickness is reduced to 9 nm or below, indicating formation of shear bands in the Cu/Ta multilayers is layer thickness dependent. By observing the cross sectional transmission electron microscope images of the indentation fabricated through focused ion beam technique, shear banding deformation causing a unique layer-morphology with prevalent mismatched laminate structure has been reported for the first time. By capturing and analyzing a series of typical indentation-induced deformed microstructures, a new physical mechanism of shear banding behavior in metallic nano-multilayers is suggested.

  7. Elucidating the stop bands of structurally colored systems through recursion

    CERN Document Server

    Amir, Ariel

    2012-01-01

    Interference phenomena are the source of some of the spectacular colors of animals and plants in nature. In some of these systems, the physical structure consists of an ordered array of layers with alternating high and low refractive indices. This periodicity leads to an optical band structure that is analogous to the electronic band structure encountered in semiconductor physics; namely, specific bands of wavelengths (the stop bands) are perfectly reflected. Here, we present a minimal model for optical band structure in a periodic multilayer and solve it using recursion relations. We present experimental data for various beetles, whose optical structure resembles the proposed model. The stop bands emerge in the limit of an infinite number of layers by finding the fixed point of the recursive relations. In order for these to converge, an infinitesimal amount of absorption needs to be present, reminiscent of the regularization procedures commonly used in physics calculations. Thus, using only the phenomenon of...

  8. Nitrogen Band Assignments for Presolar and Carbonado Diamonds

    CERN Document Server

    Garai, Jozsef; Chen, Jiuhua

    2010-01-01

    Presolar and carbonado diamonds formed in hydrogen rich environment and received severe radiation dose. It is suggested that these environmental affects altered the Substitutional N0 defect to Substitutional N+H defect by ionizing the nitrogen due to irradiation and by hydrogenating the ionized nitrogen. The bands of the substitutional N+H defect are deduced by red shifting the irradiation induced N+ bands due to the mass of the additional Hydrogen. The identified six bands induced by the N+H defects are present in both the presolar and the carbonado diamond spectra. The assignment of the substitutional N+H bands identifies all of the nitrogen related bands in the spectra, which shows that presolar and carbonado diamonds contain almost exclusively single nitrogen impurities. Thus these diamonds can be classified as type Ib. The substitutional N+H induced bands can be used to identify diamonds in space.

  9. Lifetimes of an excited superdeformed band in {sup 192}Hg

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahmad, I.; Blumenthal, D.; Carpenter, M.P. [and others

    1995-08-01

    An excited superdeformed band was identified in {sup 192}Hg and the lifetimes of its levels measured with the Doppler-shift attenuation method from data taken with the Eurogam spectrometer. The band is proposed to be based on the two-quasineutron (v[642]3/2 [512]5/2) configuration, which after a band crossing, becomes the (v[642]3/2 [752]5/2) configuration. The transition quadrupole moment Q{sub t} of the excited band is the same as that of the yrast SD band, within experimental errors. This suggests that the deformation of the SD minimum is robust with respect to quasiparticle excitation, despite the occupation of the deformation-driving v[752]5/2 level (from the j{sub 15/2} shell) after the band crossing.

  10. Dual-band bandpass filter using composite metamaterial resonator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Yu-Ting; Si, Li-Ming; Zhang, Qing-Le; Wu, Yu-Ming; Lv, Xin

    2016-03-01

    A dual-band bandpass filter at X-band is proposed using composite metamaterial resonator consisting of an outer square closed-ring resonator (SCRR) and two inner electric inductance-capacitance (ELC) resonators. Numerical simulation and microwave measurement reveal that the filter exhibits two passbands centered at 8.76 GHz and 11.04 GHz, with 3 dB bandwidths of 130 MHz and 290 MHz, respectively. The complex dispersion relation of the filter is further derived based on the effective medium theory, where two balanced composite right-/left-handed bands are found, i.e. lines exhibiting two left-handed and two right-handed bands alternating. The proposed filter may find useful in dual-band or multi-band wireless communication systems.

  11. Band Structure Characteristics of Nacreous Composite Materials with Various Defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, J.; Zhang, S.; Zhang, H. W.; Chen, B. S.

    2016-06-01

    Nacreous composite materials have excellent mechanical properties, such as high strength, high toughness, and wide phononic band gap. In order to research band structure characteristics of nacreous composite materials with various defects, supercell models with the Brick-and-Mortar microstructure are considered. An efficient multi-level substructure algorithm is employed to discuss the band structure. Furthermore, two common systems with point and line defects and varied material parameters are discussed. In addition, band structures concerning straight and deflected crack defects are calculated by changing the shear modulus of the mortar. Finally, the sensitivity of band structures to the random material distribution is presented by considering different volume ratios of the brick. The results reveal that the first band gap of a nacreous composite material is insensitive to defects under certain conditions. It will be of great value to the design and synthesis of new nacreous composite materials for better dynamic properties.

  12. Atomic structure of amorphous shear bands in boron carbide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reddy, K Madhav; Liu, P; Hirata, A; Fujita, T; Chen, M W

    2013-01-01

    Amorphous shear bands are the main deformation and failure mode of super-hard boron carbide subjected to shock loading and high pressures at room temperature. Nevertheless, the formation mechanisms of the amorphous shear bands remain a long-standing scientific curiosity mainly because of the lack of experimental structure information of the disordered shear bands, comprising light elements of carbon and boron only. Here we report the atomic structure of the amorphous shear bands in boron carbide characterized by state-of-the-art aberration-corrected transmission electron microscopy. Distorted icosahedra, displaced from the crystalline matrix, were observed in nano-sized amorphous bands that produce dislocation-like local shear strains. These experimental results provide direct experimental evidence that the formation of amorphous shear bands in boron carbide results from the disassembly of the icosahedra, driven by shear stresses. PMID:24052052

  13. Structure of nearly degenerate dipole bands in {sup 108}Ag

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sethi, J. [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Colaba, Mumbai 400 005 (India); Palit, R., E-mail: palit@tifr.res.in [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Colaba, Mumbai 400 005 (India); Saha, S.; Trivedi, T. [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Colaba, Mumbai 400 005 (India); Bhat, G.H.; Sheikh, J.A. [Department of Physics, University of Kashmir, Srinagar 190 006 (India); Datta, P. [Ananda Mohan College, Kolkata 700009 (India); Carroll, J.J. [US Army Research Laboratory, Adelphi, MD 20783 (United States); Chattopadhyay, S. [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata 700064 (India); Donthi, R. [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Colaba, Mumbai 400 005 (India); Garg, U. [University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); Jadhav, S.; Jain, H.C. [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Colaba, Mumbai 400 005 (India); Karamian, S. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna 141980 (Russian Federation); Kumar, S. [University of Delhi, Delhi 110007 (India); Litz, M.S. [US Army Research Laboratory, Adelphi, MD 20783 (United States); Mehta, D. [Panjab University, Chandigarh 160014 (India); Naidu, B.S. [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Colaba, Mumbai 400 005 (India); Naik, Z. [Sambalpur University, Sambalpur 143005 (India); Sihotra, S. [Panjab University, Chandigarh 160014 (India); and others

    2013-08-09

    The high spin negative parity states of {sup 108}Ag have been investigated with the {sup 11}B + {sup 100}Mo reaction at 39 MeV beam energy using the INGA facility at TIFR, Mumbai. From the γ–γ coincidence analysis, an excited negative parity band has been established and found to be nearly degenerate with the ground state band. The spin and parity of the levels are assigned using angular correlation and polarization measurements. This pair of degenerate bands in {sup 108}Ag is studied using the recently developed microscopic triaxial projected shell model approach. The observed energy levels and the ratio of the electromagnetic transition probabilities of these bands in this isotope are well reproduced by the present model. Further, it is shown that the partner band has a different quasiparticle structure as compared to the yrast band.

  14. Structure of nearly degenerate dipole bands in 108Ag

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The high spin negative parity states of 108Ag have been investigated with the 11B + 100Mo reaction at 39 MeV beam energy using the INGA facility at TIFR, Mumbai. From the γ–γ coincidence analysis, an excited negative parity band has been established and found to be nearly degenerate with the ground state band. The spin and parity of the levels are assigned using angular correlation and polarization measurements. This pair of degenerate bands in 108Ag is studied using the recently developed microscopic triaxial projected shell model approach. The observed energy levels and the ratio of the electromagnetic transition probabilities of these bands in this isotope are well reproduced by the present model. Further, it is shown that the partner band has a different quasiparticle structure as compared to the yrast band

  15. Multitude multicolor chromosome banding (mMCB) - a comprehensive one-step multicolor FISH banding method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weise, A; Heller, A; Starke, H; Mrasek, K; Kuechler, A; Pool-Zobel, B L; Claussen, U; Liehr, T

    2003-01-01

    Multicolor chromosome banding (MCB) using one single chromosome-specific MCB probe set per experiment was previously reported as powerful tool in molecular cytogenetics for the characterization of all kinds of human marker chromosomes. However, a quick analysis of karyotypes with highly complex chromosomal changes was hampered by the problem that up to 24 MCB experiments were necessary for a comprehensive karyotype description. To overcome that limitation the 138 available region-specific microdissection-derived libraries for all human chromosomes were combined to one single probe set, called multitude MCB (mMCB). A typical fluorescence banding pattern along the human karyotype is produced, which can be evaluated either by transforming these profiles into chromosome region-specific pseudo-colors or more reliably by studying the fluorescence profiles. The mMCB probe set has been applied on chromosomes of normal male and female probands, two primary myelodysplastic syndromes and two solid tumor cell lines. Additionally, a cell line of Gorilla gorilla (GGO) studied previously by single chromosome-specific MCB was reevaluated by the mMCB method. All results were in concordance with those obtained in parallel or by other cytogenetic and molecular cytogenetic approaches indicating that mMCB is a powerful multicolor FISH banding tool for fast characterization of complex karyotypes. PMID:15004461

  16. Results of MODIS Band-to-Band Registration Characterization Using On-Orbit Lunar Observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Xiaoxiong; Sun, Junqiang; Angal,Amit

    2011-01-01

    Since launch, lunar observations have been made regularly by both Terra and Aqua MODIS and used for a number of sensor calibration and characterization related applications, including radiometric stability monitoring, spatial characterization, optical leak and electronic cross-talk characterization, and calibration inter-comparison. MODIS has 36 spectral bands with a total of 490 individual detectors. They are located on four focal plane assemblies (FPA). This paper focuses on the use of MODIS lunar observations to characterize its band-to-band registration (BBR). In addition to BBR, the approach developed by the MODIS Characterization Support Team (MCST) can be used to characterize MODIS detector-to-detector registration (DDR). Long-term BBR results developed from this approach are presented and compared with that derived from a unique on-board calibrator (OBC). Results show that on-orbit changes of BBR have been very small for both Terra and Aqua MODIS and this approach can be applied to other remote sensing instruments.

  17. Orthodontic elastic band-induced periodontitis – A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Al-Qutub, Montaser N.

    2011-01-01

    Periodontal problems due to the use of elastic bands have been documented in the past. A 9-year-old girl reported to a periodontist with complaints of bleeding from gums and tooth mobility of upper right central incisor. This case, reports the early diagnosis and treatment of an acute localized periodontitis arising from the incorrect use of orthodontic elastic rubber bands to close a maxillary midline diastema. The elastic band induced periodontitis was treated with a combination of surgery,...

  18. Synoptic versus orographic control on stationary convective banding

    OpenAIRE

    Barrett, Andrew I.; Gray, Suzanne L; Kirshbaum, Daniel J.; Roberts, Nigel M.; Schultz, David M.; Fairman Jr, Jonathan G.

    2015-01-01

    Quasi-stationary convective bands can cause large localised rainfall accumulations and are often anchored by topographic features. Here, the predictability of and mechanisms causing one such band are determined using ensembles of the Met Office Unified Model at convection-permitting resolution (1.5 km grid length). The band was stationary over the UK for 3 h and produced rainfall accumulations of up to 34 mm. The amount and location of the predicted rainfall was highly variable despite only s...

  19. On the relationship between Red Rectangle and diffuse interstellar bands

    CERN Document Server

    Zagury, Frederic

    2009-01-01

    A careful examination of Red Rectangle bands which have been considered as diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) in emission shows that a few are likely to be artifacts in the spectrum. Some others result from atmospheric extinction. Consequences for the Red Rectangle band/DIB associations are examined. I will also comment a striking resemblance between the DIB spectrum and the spectrum of NO2 in the 6150-6250A region. This suggests that some DIBs could be provoked by atmospheric molecules.

  20. NEAR-MILLIMETER WAVE BAND-PASS FILTERS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Timusk, T.; Richards, P. L.

    1980-11-01

    We report on the properties of band-pass filters for broad band photometry in the frequency range from 3 to 12cm{sup -1}. The filters are based on a combination of capacitive grids deposited on thick Mylar substrates and are designed to have very high out-of-band rejection. Low frequencies are blocked by a "thick grill" that consists of hexagonal grid of circular holes in a thick metal plate.

  1. Identical Superdeformed Bands in A = 190 and 150 Regions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    A more detailed systematic study of identical bands in the A = 150 and 190 mass regions wasperformed to gain further insight into the occurrence of identical bands with the projected shell model andthe energy factor method. The results show that the number of identical bands in super deformed nuclei ismuch more than that in the normal-deformed nucleus at low spin and this difference may be result from

  2. Analytically derived conversion of spectral band radiance to brightness temperature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berk, Alexander [Spectral Sciences, Inc., 44th Avenue, Burlington, MA 01803 (United States)], E-mail: lex@spectral.com

    2008-05-15

    Simple analytic expressions for brightness temperature have been derived in terms of band response function spectral moments. Accuracy measures are also derived. Application of these formulas to GOES-12 Sounder thermal infrared bands produces brightness temperature residuals between -5.0 and 2.5 mK for a 150-400 K temperature range. The magnitude of residuals for the five ASTER Radiometer thermal infrared bands over the same temperature range is less than 0.22 mK.

  3. Study of the superdeformed band in 194Pb with EUROGAM

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An experiment has been carried out using a subset of the EUROGAM array to investigate the decay out of the superdeformed (SD) band in 194Pb. Two new band members and a new decay pattern into the low lying states at normal deformation (ND) have been established for this band. New spectroscopic information about the level scheme at normal deformation has also been extracted. (author). 9 refs., 1 tab., 4 figs

  4. A novel L-band polarimetric radiometer featuring subharmonic sampling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rotbøll, J.; Søbjærg, Sten Schmidl; Skou, Niels

    2003-01-01

    A novel L-band radiometer trading analog components for digital circuits has been designed, built and operated. It is a fully polarimetric radiometer of the correlation type, and it is based on the subharmonic sampling principle in which the L-band signal is directly sampled by a fast A to D conv...... converter at a frequency well below L-band. Overall stability has been a design driver, as the instrument is intended for airborne measurements of polarimetric sea signatures....

  5. Experimental reconstruction of Wilson lines in Bloch bands

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Tracy; Duca, Lucia; Reitter, Martin; Grusdt, Fabian; Demler, Eugene; Endres, Manuel; Schleier-Smith, Monika; Bloch, Immanuel; Schneider, Ulrich

    2015-01-01

    Topology and geometry are essential to our understanding of modern physics, underlying many foundational concepts from high energy theories, quantum information, and condensed matter physics. In condensed matter systems, a wide range of phenomena stem from the geometry of the band eigenstates, which is encoded in the matrix-valued Wilson line for general multi-band systems. By realizing strong-force dynamics in Bloch bands that are described by Wilson lines, we observe an ev...

  6. Observation of a new rotational band in 104Nb nucleus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Jian-Guo; ZHU Sheng-Jiang; J.H. Hamilton; A.V. Ramayya; J. K. Hwang; J.O. Rasmussen; Y.X. Luo; K. Li; I.Y. Lee; DING Huai-Bo; XU Qiang; GU Long; YANG Yun-Yi

    2009-01-01

    The high spin states in neutron-rich 104Nb have been investigated from study of prompt γ-rays in spontaneous fission of 252Cf with the Gammasphere detector array. A new rotational band has been identified for the first time. This band is proposed as a semi-decoupled band based on the configuration π5/2-[303](⊕)v1/2-[541].

  7. Gamma Band Activity in the RAS-intracellular mechanisms

    OpenAIRE

    Garcia-Rill, E.; Kezunovic, N.; D’Onofrio, S.; Luster, B.; Hyde, J.; Bisagno, V.; Urbano, F.J.

    2013-01-01

    Gamma band activity participates in sensory perception, problem solving, and memory. This review considers recent evidence showing that cells in the reticular activating system (RAS) exhibit gamma band activity, and describes the intrinsic membrane properties behind such manifestation. Specifically, we discuss how cells in the mesopontine pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN), intralaminar parafascicular nucleus (Pf), and pontine Subcoeruleus nucleus dorsalis (SubCD) all fire in the gamma band range...

  8. Band-gap engineering at a semiconductor - crystalline oxide interface

    OpenAIRE

    Moghadam, J.; Ahmadi-Majlan, K.; Shen, X; Droubay, T.; Bowden, M; Chrysler, M.; Su, D.; Chambers, S. A.; Ngai, J. H.

    2014-01-01

    The epitaxial growth of crystalline oxides on semiconductors provides a pathway to introduce new functionalities to semiconductor devices. Key to electrically coupling crystalline oxides with semiconductors to realize functional behavior is controlling the manner in which their bands align at interfaces. Here we apply principles of band gap engineering traditionally used at heterojunctions between conventional semiconductors to control the band offset between a single crystalline oxide and a ...

  9. Coriolis mixing of the octupole vibrational bands in 156Gd

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Coriolis mixing of negative parity states in 156Gd nucleus is considered within the framework of a phenomenological model. Energy spectrum and ratios of effective probabilities of E1-transitions from the levels of octupole bands are described. Possibilities of E1-transitions from Kπ=2--band states are discussed; intraband E2-transitions in Kπ=0--, 1-- and 2--bands are calculated. 16 refs., 2 figs., 4 tabs

  10. Band Structure Based Analysis of Certain Photonic Crystal Structures

    OpenAIRE

    Wolff, Christian

    2011-01-01

    Photonic crystals are periodic dielectric structures that may exhibit a complete photonic band gap. First, I discuss geometric properties of the band structure such as band edges. In a second part, I present work on photonic Wannier functions and their use for solving the wave equation. The third part is devoted to applications of the presented methods: A polarization resolved transmission experiment of opel films and an analogy experiment for spontaneous emission inside a photonic crystal.

  11. Quantitative analysis on electric dipole energy in Rashba band splitting

    OpenAIRE

    Jisook Hong; Jun-Won Rhim; Changyoung Kim; Seung Ryong Park; Ji Hoon Shim

    2015-01-01

    We report on quantitative comparison between the electric dipole energy and the Rashba band splitting in model systems of Bi and Sb triangular monolayers under a perpendicular electric field. We used both first-principles and tight binding calculations on p-orbitals with spin-orbit coupling. First-principles calculation shows Rashba band splitting in both systems. It also shows asymmetric charge distributions in the Rashba split bands which are induced by the orbital angular momentum. We calc...

  12. Saliency computation via whitened frequency band selection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lv, Qi; Wang, Bin; Zhang, Liming

    2016-06-01

    Many saliency computational models have been proposed to simulate bottom-up visual attention mechanism of human visual system. However, most of them only deal with certain kinds of images or aim at specific applications. In fact, human beings have the ability to correctly select attentive focuses of objects with arbitrary sizes within any scenes. This paper proposes a new bottom-up computational model from the perspective of frequency domain based on the biological discovery of non-Classical Receptive Field (nCRF) in the retina. A saliency map can be obtained according to the idea of Extended Classical Receptive Field. The model is composed of three major steps: firstly decompose the input image into several feature maps representing different frequency bands that cover the whole frequency domain by utilizing Gabor wavelet. Secondly, whiten the feature maps to highlight the embedded saliency information. Thirdly, select some optimal maps, simulating the response of receptive field especially nCRF, to generate the saliency map. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm is able to work with stable effect and outstanding performance in a variety of situations as human beings do and is adaptive to both psychological patterns and natural images. Beyond that, biological plausibility of nCRF and Gabor wavelet transform make this approach reliable. PMID:27275381

  13. MR findings in iliotibial band syndrome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nishimura, G.; Yamato, M. [Department of Radiology, Dokkyo University School of Medicine, 880 Kitakobayashi, Mibu, Shimotsuga-gun, Tochigi-ken 321-02 (Japan); Tamai, K. [Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Dokkyo University School of Medicine, Tochigi-ken (Japan); Takahashi, J. [Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Shimizu Municipal Hospital, Shimizu (Japan); Uetani, M. [Department of Radiology, Nagasaki University School of Medicine, Nagasaki (Japan)

    1997-09-01

    Objective. To elucidate the MR findings in iliotibial band (ITB) syndrome. Design and patients. The subjects comprised four patients (five knees) with lateral knee pain: two athletes and two non-athletes. One non-athlete was engaged in work requiring repetitive knee movement, and the other suffered from Cushing syndrome and had bilateral abnormalities. All patients were suspected of having a lateral meniscal tear prior to MR examination, but physical examination following provisional MR diagnosis warranted the final diagnosis. MR studies included fast spin echo sagittal imaging, fat-saturated fast spin echo proton density coronal imaging, and T2* radial imaging. Twelve normal volunteers were examined. Results and conclusion. Fat-saturated coronal imaging demonstrated an ill-defined, high-intensity area deep to the ITB. T2* radial imaging showed an identical, but less conspicuous, abnormality. The MR finding suggested soft tissue inflammation and/or edema rather than focal fluid collection in the bursae. The signal alteration predominated in the region beneath the posterior fibers of the ITB, thus supporting the current opinion that the posterior fibers of the ITB are tighter against the lateral femoral epicondyle than the anterior fibers. The ITB itself did not show any signal alteration or increased thickness. (orig.). With 4 figs., 1 tab.

  14. Diffuse interstellar bands in RAVE Survey spectra

    CERN Document Server

    Munari, U; Fiorucci, M; Bienaymé, O; Binney, J; Bland-Hawthorn, J; Campbell, C Boeche R; Freeman, K C; Gibson, B; Gilmore, G; Grebel, E K; Helmi, A; Navarro, J F; Parker, Q A; Seabroke, G M; Siebert, A; Siviero, A; Steinmetz, M; Watson, F G; Williams, M; Wyse, R F G; Zwitter, T

    2008-01-01

    We have used spectra of hot stars from the RAVE Survey in order to investigate the visibility and properties of five diffuse interstellar bands previously reported in the literature. The RAVE spectroscopic survey for Galactic structure and kinematics records CCD spectra covering the 8400-8800 Ang wavelength region at 7500 resolving power. The spectra are obtained with the UK Schmidt at the AAO, equipped with the 6dF multi-fiber positioner. The DIB at 8620.4 Ang is by far the strongest and cleanest of all DIBs occurring within the RAVE wavelength range, with no interference by underlying absorption stellar lines in hot stars. It correlates so tightly with reddening that it turns out to be a reliable tool to measure it, following the relation E(B-V) = 2.72 (+/- 0.03) x E.W.(Ang), valid throughout the general interstellar medium of our Galaxy. The presence of a DIB at 8648 Ang is confirmed. Its intensity appears unrelated to reddening, in agreement with scanty and preliminary reports available in the literature,...

  15. Population of rotational bands in superheavy nuclei

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The spectroscopy of superheavy elements (SHE) is very important for the modern nuclear physics. Comparing the structure predictions of different theoretical models with the experimental data, one can find out their applicability in the region of SHE. This can be very useful for the determination of the next proton magic number beyond Z = 82. Using the statistical approach, we study the population of rotational bands in super-heavy nuclei produced in fusion-evaporation reactions. The reactions 208Pb(48Ca, 2n)254No, 206Pb(48Ca, 2n)252No, and 204Hg(48Ca, 2n)250Fm are considered. The population cross section of state L+ depends on survival of the compound nucleus against fission. The calculated relative intensities of E2-transitions at different spins, which can be compared with the experimental values, are defined by these partial population cross sections. Fermi-gas model is used for the calculation of level densities, and damping of shell effects with excitation energy and angular momentum is taking into account. For more accurate description of the capture process near the Coulomb barrier we use the quantum diffusion approach based on the formalism of reduced density matrix. Taking the same set of parameters, we also describe the excitation functions for these reactions. The results are in a good agreement with the experiment data. Using the parameter of damping of shell effects with angular momentum, we can estimate the moment of inertia of the nucleus at the saddle point

  16. NASA's L-band imaging scatterometer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hildebrand, Peter; Rincon, Rafael; Hilliard, Larry

    2006-12-01

    The NASA RADSTAR instrument is a compact scatterometer-radiometer system designed for airborne and space remote sensing of Earth surface properties such as soil moisture and sea surface salinity. In this paper we describe the active portion of RADSTAR, the L-band Imaging Scatterometer (LIS). The system employs electronic steering and digital beamforming techniques to generate multiple, low-sidelobe beams over a scan range of +/-50 degrees below an aircraft. We discuss the design and testing of LIS, and the planned merging of the scatterometer with the radiometric components of the final instrument. In its final configuration, RadSTAR will employ a single broadband antenna to efficiently support simultaneous scatterometer (LIS) and radiometer measurements in airborne and spaceborne applications. LIS is currently being flown along with the ESTAR synthetic aperture radiometer aboard the NASA P-3 aircraft in order to prove the concept of coregistered data, setting the path for future spaceborne, single aperture, electronically scanned, radar/radiometer systems.

  17. Annual Growth Bands in Hymenaea courbaril

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Westbrook, J A; Guilderson, T P; Colinvaux, P A

    2004-02-09

    One significant source of annual temperature and precipitation data arises from the regular annual secondary growth rings of trees. Several tropical tree species are observed to form regular growth bands that may or may not form annually. Such growth was observed in one stem disk of the tropical legume Hymenaea courbaril near the area of David, Panama. In comparison to annual reference {Delta}{sup 14}C values from wood and air, the {Delta}{sup 14}C values from the secondary growth rings formed by H. courbaril were determined to be annual in nature in this one stem disk specimen. During this study, H. courbaril was also observed to translocate recently produced photosynthate into older growth rings as sapwood is converted to heartwood. This process alters the overall {Delta}{sup 14}C values of these transitional growth rings as cellulose with a higher {Delta}{sup 14}C content is translocated into growth rings with a relatively lower {Delta}{sup 14}C content. Once the annual nature of these growth rings is established, further stable isotope analyses on H. courbaril material in other studies may help to complete gaps in the understanding of short and of long term global climate patterns.

  18. Band Control of Mutual Proportional Reinsurance

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, John; Yuan, Jiguang

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we investigate the optimization of mutual proportional reinsurance --- a mutual reserve system that is intended for the collective reinsurance needs of homogeneous mutual members, such as P&I Clubs in marine mutual insurance and reserve banks in the U.S. Federal Reserve. Compared to general (non-mutual) insurance models, which involve one-sided impulse control (i.e., either downside or upside impulse) of the underlying insurance reserve process that is required to be positive, a mutual insurance differs in allowing two-sided impulse control (i.e., both downside and upside impulse), coupled with the classical proportional control of reinsurance. We prove that a special band-type impulse control $(a,A,B,b)$ with $a=0$ and $a

  19. MR findings in iliotibial band syndrome

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective. To elucidate the MR findings in iliotibial band (ITB) syndrome. Design and patients. The subjects comprised four patients (five knees) with lateral knee pain: two athletes and two non-athletes. One non-athlete was engaged in work requiring repetitive knee movement, and the other suffered from Cushing syndrome and had bilateral abnormalities. All patients were suspected of having a lateral meniscal tear prior to MR examination, but physical examination following provisional MR diagnosis warranted the final diagnosis. MR studies included fast spin echo sagittal imaging, fat-saturated fast spin echo proton density coronal imaging, and T2* radial imaging. Twelve normal volunteers were examined. Results and conclusion. Fat-saturated coronal imaging demonstrated an ill-defined, high-intensity area deep to the ITB. T2* radial imaging showed an identical, but less conspicuous, abnormality. The MR finding suggested soft tissue inflammation and/or edema rather than focal fluid collection in the bursae. The signal alteration predominated in the region beneath the posterior fibers of the ITB, thus supporting the current opinion that the posterior fibers of the ITB are tighter against the lateral femoral epicondyle than the anterior fibers. The ITB itself did not show any signal alteration or increased thickness. (orig.). With 4 figs., 1 tab

  20. Band description of materials with localizing orbitals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Density functional theory is a form of many-body theory which maps the problem onto an equivalent single particle-like system by limiting to the ground state (or some limited ensemble). So it should be surprising that this ground state theory could have any relevance whatsoever to the excitation properties of a material - and yet it does when used carefully. However, the most interesting materials involve active orbitals which are at least partially localized in space and this has profound effects both on the ground state and the excitation spectrum. My long term interest is in Ce and actinide compounds such that the popular concerns are mixed valence, heavy fermions, and the various forms of magnetic transitions. Band structure calculations can give a great deal of information concerning the mechanisms and degree of the localization as shown by examples using the Ce and U Ll2 structured materials and the Ce cubic Laves phase materials. There are some difficulties due to an incomplete knowledge of the functionals involved which causes an underestimate of the local character. This is illustrated and discussed

  1. Diffuse interstellar bands in M33

    CERN Document Server

    Smith, Keith T; Evans, Christopher J; Cox, Nick L J; Sarre, Peter J

    2013-01-01

    We present the first sample of diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) in the nearby galaxy M33. Studying DIBs in other galaxies allows the behaviour of the carriers to be examined under interstellar conditions which can be quite different from those of the Milky Way, and to determine which DIB properties can be used as reliable probes of extragalactic interstellar media. Multi-object spectroscopy of 43 stars in M33 has been performed using Keck/DEIMOS. The stellar spectral types were determined and combined with literature photometry to determine the M33 reddenings E(B-V)_M33. Equivalent widths or upper limits have been measured for the {\\lambda}5780 DIB towards each star. DIBs were detected towards 20 stars, demonstrating that their carriers are abundant in M33. The relationship with reddening is found to be at the upper end of the range observed in the Milky Way. The line of sight towards one star has an unusually strong ratio of DIB equivalent width to E(B-V)_M33, and a total of seven DIBs were detected towards...

  2. Design of Stacked Microstrip Dual-band Circular Polarized Antenna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Zakaria

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This study introduces a new design of dual-band circular polarized (CP microstrip antenna for ISM band applications (2.45 GHz and 5.8 GHz. The proposed dual-band CP microstrip antenna with compact design has achieved design intention of having return loss of < −10 dB and axial ratio of < 3 dB for both frequencies of 2.45 GHz and 5.8 GHz. The antenna has been successfully designed, fabricated, simulated, and measured and it shows the advantages of good dual-band and CP performances. Thus, the obtained results confirm satisfactory performance and good agreement.

  3. Constitution method of flat-band. Harmony played by molecules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper introduces the constitution method of a tight-binding model where flat-band appears. Firstly, it describes the display of tight-binding model using the second quantization, as well as the constitution of the eigenstate, graph, and hopping matrix. Then, it takes up the flat-band that robustly appears regardless of the details of elements of the hopping matrix, and introduces the constitution method of flat-band for each of bipartite graph and non-bipartite graph. This type of flat-band in the case of bipartite depends on difference in the number of the sites of A sublattice and B sublattice. On the other hand, the flat-band that depends on the details of elements of the hopping matrix appears when the energy levels of molecules embedded on the lattice resonate. The following are described on this type of flat-band: (1) system where rings with magnetic flux that are seemingly not related to flat-band combine, (2) flat-band of decorated square lattice, and (3) relationship between flat-band and localization state. (A.O.)

  4. Investigation of PLC band nucleation in AA5754

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► Simultaneous propagation of bands in transverse and longitudinal directions. ► PLC band nucleation at the back front of Lüders bands. ► Characteristic time of critical strain decreases with strain rate. ► Simultaneous existence of two type-B bands at specimen shoulder. - Abstract: The purpose of the present work is the experimental investigation of the nucleation of PLC deformation bands in the aluminium alloy AA5754. The PLC bands are investigated using both mechanical methods and infrared (IR) thermography. The latter employs a high-speed IR camera which captures local changes of radiated power resulting from mechanical dissipation and heating due to the nucleation of PLC bands. The resulting IR images are used to determine spatio-temporal power field variations via image subtraction. Furthermore, band trajectories obtained from the IR images are used to study possible correlations between the spatio-temporal evolution of stress and radiated power in the specimens and PLC band development.

  5. Fractional Band Filling in an Atomic Chain Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crain, J. N.; Kirakosian, A.; Altmann, K. N.; Bromberger, C.; Erwin, S. C.; McChesney, J. L.; Lin, J.-L.; Himpsel, F. J.

    2003-05-01

    A new chain structure of Au is found on stepped Si(111) which exhibits a 1/4-filled band and a pair of ≥1/2-filled bands with a combined filling of 4/3. Band dispersions and Fermi surfaces for Si(553)-Au are obtained by photoemission and compared to that of Si(557)-Au. The dimensionality of both systems is determined using a tight binding fit. The fractional band filling makes it possible to preserve metallicity in the presence of strong correlations.

  6. Game theory based band selection for hyperspectral images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Aiye; He, Zhenyu; Huang, Fengchen

    2015-12-01

    This paper proposes a new evaluation criterion for band selection for hyperspectral imagery. The combination of information and class separability is used to be as a new evaluation criterion, at the same time, the correlation between bands is used as a constraint condition. In addition, the game theory is introduced into the band selection to coordinate the potential conflict of search the optimal band combination using information and class separability these two evaluation criteria. The experimental results show that the proposed method is effective on AVIRIS hyperspectral data.

  7. The complex band structure for armchair graphene nanoribbons

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Liu-Jun; Xia Tong-Sheng

    2010-01-01

    Using a tight binding transfer matrix method, we calculate the complex band structure of armchair graphene nanoribbons. The real part of the complex band structure calculated by the transfer matrix method fits well with the bulk band structure calculated by a Hermitian matrix. The complex band structure gives extra information on carrier's decay behaviour. The imaginary loop connects the conduction and valence band, and can profoundly affect the characteristics of nanoscale electronic device made with graphene nanoribbons. In this work, the complex band structure calculation includes not only the first nearest neighbour interaction, but also the effects of edge bond relaxation and the third nearest neighbour interaction. The band gap is classified into three classes. Due to the edge bond relaxation and the third nearest neighbour interaction term, it opens a band gap for N= 3M-1. The band gap is almost unchanged for N = 3M + 1, but decreased for N = 3M. The maximum imaginary wave vector length provides additional information about the electrical characteristics of graphene nmaoribbons, and is also classified into three classes.

  8. Pressure effects on band structures in dense lithium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We studied the change of the band structures in some structures of Li predicted at high pressures, using GGA and GW calculations. The width of the 1s band coming from the 1s electron of Li shows broadening by the pressurization, which is the normal behavior of bands at high pressure. The width of the band just below the Fermi level decreases by the pressurization, which is an opposite behavior to the normal bands. The character of this narrowing band is mostly p-like with a little s-like portion. The band gaps in some structures are really observed even by the GGA calculations. The gaps by the GW calculations increase to about 1.5 times the GGA values. Generally the one-shot GW calculation (diagonal only calculations) gives more reliable values than the GGA, but it may fail to predict band gaps for the case where band dispersion shows complex crossing near the Fermi level. There remains some structures for which GW calculations with off-diagonal elements taken into account are needed to identify the phase to be metallic or semiconducting.

  9. Workshop: Western hemisphere network of bird banding programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Celis-Murillo, A.

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: To promote collaboration among banding programs in the Americas. Introduction: Bird banding and marking provide indispensable tools for ornithological research, management, and conservation of migratory birds on migratory routes, breeding and non-breeding grounds. Many countries and organizations in Latin America and the Caribbean are in the process of developing or have expressed interest in developing national banding schemes and databases to support their research and management programs. Coordination of developing and existing banding programs is essential for effective data management, reporting, archiving and security, and most importantly, for gaining a fuller understanding of migratory bird conservation issues and how the banding data can help. Currently, there is a well established bird-banding program in the U.S.A. and Canada, and programs in other countries are being developed as well. Ornithologists in many Latin American countries and the Caribbean are interested in using banding and marking in their research programs. Many in the ornithological community are interested in establishing banding schemes and some countries have recently initiated independent banding programs. With the number of long term collaborative and international initiatives increasing, the time is ripe to discuss and explore opportunities for international collaboration, coordination, and administration of bird banding programs in the Western Hemisphere. We propose the second ?Western Hemisphere Network of Bird Banding Programs? workshop, in association with the SCSCB, to be an essential step in the progress to strengthen international partnerships and support migratory bird conservation in the Americas and beyond. This will be the second multi-national meeting to promote collaboration among banding programs in the Americas (the first meeting was held in October 8-9, 2006 in La Mancha, Veracruz, Mexico). The Second ?Western Hemisphere Network of Bird Banding Programs

  10. Gutzwiller theory of band magnetism in LaOFeAs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For the iron pnictide LaOFeAs we investigate multi-band Hubbard models which are assumed to capture the relevant physics. In our calculations, we employ the Gutzwiller variational theory which is a genuine many particle approach. We will present results both on the paramagnetic and antiferromagnetic phases of our model systems. These results show that a five band-model is not adequate to capture the relevant physics in LaOFeAs. However, our results for the eight band-model which includes the arsenic 4p bands reproduce the experimental data, especially the small magnetic moment, for a broad parameter regime.

  11. Electronic band gap of SrSe at high pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    David Atkinson, Timothy; Chynoweth, Katie Mae; Cervantes, Phillip

    2006-08-01

    The electronic band gap of SrSe, in the CsCl-stuctured phase, was measured to 42 GPa via optical absorption studies. The indirect electronic band gap was found to close monotonically with pressure for the range of pressures studied. The change in band gap with respect to pressure, dE gap/dP, was determined to be -6.1(5)×10 -3 eV/GPa. By extrapolation of our line fit, we estimate band gap closure to occur at 180(20) GPa.

  12. 14/12-GHz-band satellite communication services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayashi, Kunihiro; Nagaki, Kiyoaki; Mori, Yasuo

    1990-01-01

    Three new systems for integrated TV-relay services have been developed: Satellite Video Comunication Service (SVCS) and Satellite Digital Communication Service (SDCS), with Japan's 14/12-GHz-band commercial communication satellites. These systems have been in commercial use since May 1989. Usually SVCS and SDCS have been provided using Ka-band (30/20 GHz-band) of CS-2 and Cs-3. This paper provides an overview of the design, the performance, and the systems of the new 14/12-GHz-band satellite communication services.

  13. Bands and Band Termination in 127La%127La转动带及带终止

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董保国; Ragna.,I

    2000-01-01

    The configuration-dependent shell-correction approach with cranked Nilsson potential is employed for explaining the experimental high-spin spectra in 127La. The experimental high spin band with parity and signature (+,-1/2) consists of two parts with a crossing around I=20h. It is most like to have the configuration[02,6], π(h11/2)2v(h11/2)6 and almost reaching the maximum angular momentum at I=47.5 h. It is in normal deformation region with ε2≈0.22 and γ≈0° up to I=40 h and then moving over the γ-plane to termination atγ=60。. Comparing calculations and experiment, one notes that the bands are seen to spin values where according to calculation they start to go away clearly from yrast, thus this supports our interpretation. There are strongly deformed (or superdeformed) bands with ε2≈0.35 and ν≈0°. They were calculated to become yrast for I=40h making it very unlikely that the observed bands were strongly deformed. However, they represent a challenge for future experiments. Below I=21.5 Kthe experimental high spin bands appear to have strong pairing interaction since their moments of inertia go down to 10/2 MeV-1 from I=11.5h to I=19.5 h.%用组态相关推转壳模型Nilsson势研究了C.M.Parry组最近用EUROBALL谱仪观测到的127La高自旋态结构.实验上观测的127La的宇称和辛量子数为(π,α)=(+,-1/2)的带自旋达到(83/2)h.理论计算结果表明该带可能具有组态π(h11/2)2v(h11/2)6.并且几乎达到该带的带终止理论预言值 I=47.5h.该带的形变在I≤40h内处于正常形变区(ε2≈0.22,γ≈0°),随着角动量的增加ν值逐渐增加,直到ν=60°时带终止.

  14. Passive Microwave Measurements Over Conifer Forests at L-Band and C-Band

    Science.gov (United States)

    LeVine, D. M.; Lang, R.; Chauhan, N.; Kim, E.; Bidwell, S.; Goodberlet, M.; Haken, M.; deMatthaeis, P.

    2000-01-01

    Measurements have been made at L-band and C-band over conifer forests in Virginia to study the response of passive microwave instruments to biomass and soil moisture. A series of aircraft measurements were made in July, August and November, 1999 over relatively homogenous conifer forests of varying biomass. Three radiometers participated in these measurements. These were: 1) the L-band radiometer ESTAR, a horizontally polarized synthetic aperture radiometer which has been used extensively in past measurements of soil moisture; 2) the L-band radiometer SLFMR, a vertically polarized cross-track scanner which has been used successfully in the past for mapping sea surface salinity; and 3) The ACMR, a new C-band radiometer which operates at V- and H-polarization and in the configuration for these experiments did not scan. All three radiometers were flown on the NASA P-3 aircraft based at the Goddard Space Flight Center's Wallops Flight Facility. The ESTAR and SLFMR were mounted in the bomb bay of the P-3 and imaged across track whereas the ACMR was mounted to look aft at 54 degrees up from nadir. Data was collected at altitudes of 915 meters and 457 meters. The forests consisted of relatively homogeneous "managed" stands of conifer located near Waverly, Virginia. This is a relatively flat area about 30 miles southeast of Richmond, VA with numerous stands of trees being grown for the forestry industry. The stands selected for study consisted of areas of regrowth and mature stands of pine. In addition, a small stand of very large trees was observed. Soil moisture sampling was done in each stand during the aircraft over flights. Data was collected on July 7, August 27, November 15 and November 30, 1999. Measurements were made with ESTAR on all days. The ACMR flew on the summer missions and the SLFMR was present only on the August 27 flight. Soil moisture varied from quite dry on July 7 to quite moist on November 30 (which was shortly after a period of rain). The microwave

  15. An inexpensive S-band angle pointing technique for steering a narrow beam Ku-band antenna

    Science.gov (United States)

    Line, Larry; Hager, Fred; Hanson, Duke; Kral, Kevin; Moss, Robert

    1987-01-01

    A recently tested antenna pointing control system for gimbaled antennas has been developed. A modified TDRSS user transponder produces pointing error signals from the S-band forward link which in turn drive the Steering Control Electronics (SCE) to precision steer a S-/Ku-band Data and S-band Tracking (KDST) planar array. A successful test of the pointing and data handling capabilities is described and plans for further tests, incorporating additional refinements, are presented.

  16. Compact multi-band novel-shaped planar monopole antenna for DCS, Bluetooth, and ultra-wide-band applications

    OpenAIRE

    Vijay K. Sambhe; Rahul N. Awale; Abhay Wagh

    2016-01-01

    In this study, simple and compact novel-shape planar monopole antenna for multi-band operation such as DCS, Bluetooth, and ultra-wide-band (UWB) is proposed. Proposed antenna comprises of circular ring with extended rectangular monopole antenna in one of the arm of the circular ring and inverted L-shape monopole antenna at the centre of the structure is placed to generate multiple resonances at different frequencies. In this structure, Bluetooth frequency band generates due to extended rectan...

  17. Hydrometeor classification from dual-polarized weather radar: extending fuzzy logic from S-band to C-band data

    OpenAIRE

    F. S. Marzano; Scaranari, D.; Celano, M.; Alberoni, P. P.; Vulpiani, G.; Montopoli, M.

    2006-01-01

    International audience A model-based fuzzy classification method for C-band polarimetric radar data, named Fuzzy Radar Algorithm for Hydrometeor Classification at C-band (FRAHCC), is presented. Membership functions are designed for best fitting simulation data at C-band, and they are derived for ten different hydrometeor classes by means of a scattering model, based on T-Matrix numerical method. The fuzzy logic classification technique uses a reduced set of polarimetric observables, i.e. c...

  18. Terra MODIS Band 27 Electronic Crosstalk Effect and Its Removal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Junqiang; Xiong, Xiaoxiong; Madhavan, Sriharsha; Wenny, Brian

    2012-01-01

    The MODerate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) is one of the primary instruments in the NASA Earth Observing System (EOS). The first MODIS instrument was launched in December, 1999 on-board the Terra spacecraft. MODIS has 36 bands, covering a wavelength range from 0.4 micron to 14.4 micron. MODIS band 27 (6.72 micron) is a water vapor band, which is designed to be insensitive to Earth surface features. In recent Earth View (EV) images of Terra band 27, surface feature contamination is clearly seen and striping has become very pronounced. In this paper, it is shown that band 27 is impacted by electronic crosstalk from bands 28-30. An algorithm using a linear approximation is developed to correct the crosstalk effect. The crosstalk coefficients are derived from Terra MODIS lunar observations. They show that the crosstalk is strongly detector dependent and the crosstalk pattern has changed dramatically since launch. The crosstalk contributions are positive to the instrument response of band 27 early in the mission but became negative and much larger in magnitude at later stages of the mission for most detectors of the band. The algorithm is applied to both Black Body (BB) calibration and MODIS L1B products. With the crosstalk effect removed, the calibration coefficients of Terra MODIS band 27 derived from the BB show that the detector differences become smaller. With the algorithm applied to MODIS L1B products, the Earth surface features are significantly removed and the striping is substantially reduced in the images of the band. The approach developed in this report for removal of the electronic crosstalk effect can be applied to other MODIS bands if similar crosstalk behaviors occur.

  19. Observation of band gaps in the gigahertz range and deaf bands in a hypersonic aluminum nitride phononic crystal slab

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorisse, M.; Benchabane, S.; Teissier, G.; Billard, C.; Reinhardt, A.; Laude, V.; Defaÿ, E.; Aïd, M.

    2011-06-01

    We report on the observation of elastic waves propagating in a two-dimensional phononic crystal composed of air holes drilled in an aluminum nitride membrane. The theoretical band structure indicates the existence of an acoustic band gap centered around 800 MHz with a relative bandwidth of 6.5% that is confirmed by gigahertz optical images of the surface displacement. Further electrical measurements and computation of the transmission reveal a much wider attenuation band that is explained by the deaf character of certain bands resulting from the orthogonality of their polarization with that of the source.

  20. Ku/Ka-band electrically-scanned line array for tri-band cloud and precipitation radar applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — A spaceborne radar system that operates simultaneously at multiple frequency bands from microwave through millimeter-wave frequencies can exploit the largely...

  1. Interstellar fullerene compounds and diffuse interstellar bands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omont, Alain

    2016-05-01

    Recently, the presence of fullerenes in the interstellar medium (ISM) has been confirmed and new findings suggest that these fullerenes may possibly form from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the ISM. Moreover, the first confirmed identification of two strong diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) with the fullerene, C60+, connects the long standing suggestion that various fullerenes could be DIB carriers. These new discoveries justify reassessing the overall importance of interstellar fullerene compounds, including fullerenes of various sizes with endohedral or exohedral inclusions and heterofullerenes (EEHFs). The phenomenology of fullerene compounds is complex. In addition to fullerene formation in grain shattering, fullerene formation from fully dehydrogenated PAHs in diffuse interstellar clouds could perhaps transform a significant percentage of the tail of low-mass PAH distribution into fullerenes including EEHFs. But many uncertain processes make it extremely difficult to assess their expected abundance, composition and size distribution, except for the substantial abundance measured for C60+. EEHFs share many properties with pure fullerenes, such as C60, as regards stability, formation/destruction and chemical processes, as well as many basic spectral features. Because DIBs are ubiquitous in all lines of sight in the ISM, we address several questions about the interstellar importance of various EEHFs, especially as possible carriers of diffuse interstellar bands. Specifically, we discuss basic interstellar properties and the likely contributions of fullerenes of various sizes and their charged counterparts such as C60+, and then in turn: 1) metallofullerenes; 2) heterofullerenes; 3) fulleranes; 4) fullerene-PAH compounds; 5) H2@C60. From this reassessment of the literature and from combining it with known DIB line identifications, we conclude that the general landscape of interstellar fullerene compounds is probably much richer than heretofore realized

  2. X-band magnicon amplifier experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The magnicon, a ''scanning beam'' microwave amplifier tube related to the gyrocon, is of interest as a possible replacement for klystron amplifiers in future linear accelerators. It consists of a multicavity deflection system, whose purpose is to spin up an electron beam to high transverse momentum (α ≡ υperpendicular / υz approx-gt 1), followed by an output cavity that employs a cyclotron resonant mechanism to extract principally the transverse beam momentum. The deflection cavities are designed to produce an electron beam whose entry point and guiding center rotate in space about the cavity axis at the drive frequency. The output cavity employs a synchronously rotating mode, making possible a highly efficient interaction. This paper presents an overview of magnicon theory and design considerations, and discusses the progress of an experimental program to develop a frequency-doubling magnicon amplifier at X-band. This magnicon will require a sequence of 3 or 4 deflection cavities, in order to generate the required transverse momentum, followed by an output cavity operating at twice the drive frequency. The initial experiment was designed to measure the gain between two such deflection cavities operating in the TM110 mode a 5.7 GHz. These cavities were powered by a 170A, 500 keV electron beam immersed in an 8.1 kG magnetic field. In low power amplifier experiments, a gain of ∼15 dB was observed in the preferred circular polarization, at a frequency shift of approximately -0.18%, and a gain of ∼3 dB in the opposite circular polarization, at a frequency shift of approximately +0.06%. These results are in good agreement with theory and numerical simulation. The complete magnicon experiment is presently under design, and will also be discussed

  3. Fullerenes, Organics and the Diffuse Interstellar Bands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foing, Bernard H.

    2016-07-01

    The status of DIB research has strongly advanced since 20 years [1], as well as the quest for fullerenes, PAHs and large organics in space. In 1994 we reported the discovery of two near IR diffuse bands coincident with C60+, confirmed in subsequent years [2-6] and now by latest laboratory experiments. A number of DIB observational studies have been published, dealing with: DIB surveys [1,7-10]; measurements of DIB families, correlations and environment dependences [11-14]; extragalactic DIBs [15, 16]. Resolved substructures were detected [17,18] and compared to predicted rotational contours by large molecules [19]. Polarisation studies provided upper limits constraints [20, 21]. DIBs carriers have been linked with organic molecules observed in the interstellar medium [22-25] such as IR bands (assigned to PAHs), Extended Red Emission or recently detected Anomalous Microwave Emission (AME, assigned to spinning dust) and with spectroscopic IR emission bands measured with ISO or Spitzer. Fullerenes and PAHs have been proposed to explain some DIBs and specific molecules were searched in DIB spectra [eg 2-6, 26-31]. These could be present in various dehydrogenation and ionisation conditions [32,33]. Experiments in the laboratory and in space [eg 34-36] allow to measure the survival and by-products of these molecules. We review DIB observational results and their interpretation, and discuss the presence of large organics, fullerenes, PAHs, graphenes in space. References [1] Herbig, G. 1995 ARA&A33, 19; [2] Foing, B. & Ehrenfreund, P. 1994 Natur 369, 296; [3] Foing, B. & Ehrenfreund, P. 1997 A&A317, L59; [4] Foing, B. & Ehrenfreund, P. 1995 ASSL202, 65; [5] Ehrenfreund, P., Foing, B. H. 1997 AdSpR19, 1033; [6] Galazutdinov, G. A. et al. 2000 MNRAS317, 750; [7] Jenniskens, P., Desert, F.-X. 1994 A&AS106, 39; [8] Ehrenfreund, P. et al. 1997 A&A318, L28; [9] Tuairisg, S. Ó. et al. 2000 A&AS142, 225; [10] Cox, N. et al. 2005 A&A438, 187; [11] Cami, J. et al. 1997A&A.326, 822

  4. Shell model description of band structure in 48Cr

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The band structure for normal and abnormal parity bands in 48Cr are described using the m-scheme shell model. In addition to full fp-shell, two particles in the 1d3/2 orbital are allowed in order to describe intruder states. The interaction includes fp-, sd- and mixed matrix elements

  5. Excited bands in even-even rare-earth nuclei

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The energetics of states belonging to normal parity bands in even-even dysprosium isotopes, and their B(E2) transition strengths, are studied using an extended pseudo-SU(3) shell model. States with pseudospin 1 are added to the standard pseudospin 0 space, allowing for a proper description of known excited normal parity bands

  6. Gastroscopic treatment of gastric band penetrating the gastric wall

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jess, Per; Fonnest, G

    1999-01-01

    Gastric wall penetration of a gastric band after operation for morbid obesity is a well known late complication. The treatment is usually reoperation. In this case report we show that a band penetrating the gastric wall can be successfully treated by gastroscopic operation. This technique is more...... simple than reoperation, especially in case of morbid obesity at the time of the complication....

  7. How to Make Your Small Band Sound Big!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Criswell, Chad

    2009-01-01

    If one asks many small-town band directors, most will say that working and performing with a small band can be just as satisfying and musically robust as directing a larger one. There are a lot of advantages as well; smaller class sizes, fewer extracurricular activities, and more time to work one on one with students are just a few of the benefits…

  8. Cranking Bohr Mottelson Hamiltonian applied to rotational bands

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cranking Bohr Mottelson Hamiltonian is applied to rotational bands of well deformed nuclei. The derived formula for the rotational spectrum shows explicitly the coupling between the rotational and vibrational motions. Applications of the formula to the ground state rotational bands of well deformed even-even nuclei are presented with encouraging results

  9. Steel Band Repertoire: The Case for Original Music

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanner, Chris

    2010-01-01

    In the past few decades, the steel band art form has experienced consistent growth and development in several key respects. For example, in the United States, the sheer number of steel band programs has steadily increased, and it appears that this trend will continue in the future. Additionally, pan builders and tuners have made great strides in…

  10. Research on Community Bands: Past, Present, and Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohwer, Debbie

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this review of literature was to synthesize findings of studies investigating community bands. This review of literature centers on research that has been conducted on community bands in status studies, historical/cultural studies, pedagogical studies, health and wellness studies, and intergenerational studies. The last section of…

  11. Bandcrossing of magnetic rotation bands in 137Pr

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The odd mass nucleus 137Pr has been studied to high spins in order to investigate the magnetic rotation phenomenon in mass 130 region using the 122Sn(19F,4n)137Pr reaction at a beam energy of 80 MeV. A known ΔI=1 band has been extended to Jπ=47/2- with the addition of three new transitions. Directional Correlation of Oriented Nuclei (DCO) ratios and linear polarization measurements have been performed to assign the multipolarities of gamma transitions and the spins and parities of the energy levels in this band, now established as the M1 band. The combination of M1 transitions along with cross over E2 transitions have been observed in this band for the first time. The experimentally deduced B(M1)/B(E2) ratios show a decrease with increasing spin after band-crossing suggesting magnetic rotation. TAC calculations for the 3qp: πh11/2 x ν(h11/2)-2 configuration reproduce the experimental observations in the lower spin part of the ΔI=1 band and the 5qp: πh11/2(g7/2)2 x ν(h11/2)-2 configuration reproduces the ΔI=1 band at higher spins; the crossing of the bands based on the two configuration leads to a back-bending also. Theoretical calculations also support a magnetic rotation nature for both the configurations

  12. Investigation of positive parity degenerate dipole bands in 133Ce

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A pair of dipole bands B2 and B3 have been identified with same parity in 133Ce. To study the decay properties of these bands and measure their electromagnetic transition strengths, an experiment was carried out to collect high statistics and high fold γ-coincidence data

  13. Limitations to band gap tuning in nitride semiconductor alloys

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gorczyca, I.; Suski, T.; Christensen, Niels Egede;

    2010-01-01

    Relations between the band gaps of nitride alloys and their lattice parameters are presented and limits to tuning of the fundamental gap in nitride semiconductors are set by combining a large number of experimental data with ab initio theoretical calculations. Large band gap bowings obtained...

  14. Size effects in band gap bowing in nitride semiconducting alloys

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gorczyca, I.; Suski, T.; Christensen, Niels Egede;

    2011-01-01

    Chemical and size contributions to the band gap bowing of nitride semiconducting alloys (InxGa1-xN, InxAl1-xN, and AlxGa1-xN) are analyzed. It is shown that the band gap deformation potentials of the binary constituents determine the gap bowing in the ternary alloys. The particularly large gap...

  15. Extrinsic colonic obstruction by congenital fibrous band in an infant

    OpenAIRE

    Catania, Vincenzo Davide; Olivieri, Claudio; Nanni, Lorenzo; Pintus, Claudio

    2013-01-01

    The finding of a congenital fibrous band during laparotomy for intestinal obstruction is extremely rare. Preoperative diagnosis is challenging and no characteristic radiological findings have been described. We report the case of a premature baby in whom incomplete intestinal obstruction was due to a congenital band originating from the duodeno-jejunal flexure and extending across the ascending colon.

  16. Popular Music Pedagogy: Band Rehearsals at British Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pulman, Mark

    2014-01-01

    There has been little published pedagogical research on popular music group rehearsing. This study explores the perceptions of tutors and student pop/rock bands about the rehearsals in which they were involved as a part of their university music course. The participants were 10 tutors and 16 bands from eight British tertiary institutions. Analysis…

  17. K-Band Traveling-Wave Tube Amplifier

    Science.gov (United States)

    Force, Dale A.; Simons, Rainee N.; Peterson, Todd T.; Spitsen, Paul C.

    2010-01-01

    A new space-qualified, high-power, high-efficiency, K-band traveling-wave tube amplifier (TWTA) will provide high-rate, high-capacity, direct-to-Earth communications for science data and video gathered by the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) during its mission. Several technological advances were responsible for the successful demonstration of the K-band TWTA.

  18. Exploring the origin of degenerate doublet bands in $^{106}$Ag

    CERN Document Server

    Rather, N; Chattopadhyay, S; Roy, S; Rajbanshi, S; Gowsami, A; Bhat, G H; Sheikh, J A; Palit, R; Pal, S; Saha, S; Sethi, J; Biswas, S; Singh, P; Jain, H C

    2013-01-01

    The electromagnetic transition probabilities of the excited levels for the two nearly degenerate bands of $^{106}$Ag have been measured using the Doppler Shift Attenuation Method. A comparison with the calculated values using triaxial projected shell model approach indicates that these bands originate from two different quasi-particle configurations but constructed from the same mean-field deformation.

  19. Properties of superdeformed bands in the A = 194 region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At least eighteen superdeformed (SD) bands have been identified in mercury, thallium, and lead nuclei since the report of a SD band in 191Hg. Systematic information is beginning to emerge on the properties of the SD bands in this mass region, and comparisons with SD bands in the A = 150 region are now possible. Recently, data were obtained with the HERA spectrometer at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory 88'' Cyclotron on SD bands in 194Pb and 196Pb. In these experiments, we bombarded 176Yb with 24Mg and 26Mg. The cross bombardment was necessary to make the assignment of the band to 196Pb certain. These bands are typical of other SD bands in the region in many ways. The gamma rays have energies that range from about 200 to 800 keV. The gamma-ray spacing decreases from about 40 to 30 keV as the transition energy increases. Their intensities gradually increase as the gamma-ray energies decrease over the upper half of of the sequence, and then sustain a constant value until the one or two lowest energy transitions. 18 refs., 4 figs

  20. Band structure of 158Gd in DPPQ and IBM

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The band structure of 158Gd has been studied extensively in the decay of 158Eu and in reaction work. The Kumar-Baranger semimicroscopic DPPQ model yields the parameters of the collective Hamiltonian and predicts the band structure. The Interacting Boson Model (IBM-1) was also used for comparison

  1. Full W-band Microstrip Fed Vivaldi Antenna

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rebollo, Ainara; Gonzalo, Ramón; Ederra, Iñigo

    2016-08-01

    A full W-band Vivaldi antenna is proposed. The selected feeding technique implements a broadband slotline to microstrip transition which allows obtaining return loss higher than 10 dB in the full W-band. The proposed configuration is compatible with standard manufacturing techniques such as photo-lithography or laser milling.

  2. Strain sensitivity of band gaps of Sn-containing semiconductors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Hong; Castelli, Ivano Eligio; Thygesen, Kristian Sommer;

    2015-01-01

    functional theory and many-body perturbation theory calculations. We find that the band gaps of bulk Sn oxides with SnO6 octahedra are highly sensitive to volumetric strain. By applying a small isotropic strain of 2% (-2%), a decrease (increase) of band gaps as large as 0.8 to 1.0 eV are obtained. We...

  3. NONLINEAR CHARACTERIZATION OF CONCURRENT DUAL-BAND RF POWER AMPLIFIERS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hui Ming; Liu Taijun; Ye Yan; Zhang Haili; Shen Dongya; Li Liang

    2012-01-01

    In this paper,the synchronous concurrent dual-band RF signal is used to drive the RF Power Amplifier (PA).The nonlinear characterization of a concurrent dual-band RF PA is discussed while two band signals in the dual-band are modulated by CDMA2000 and WCDMA signals.When the two band signals in the dual-band of the PA are modulated with the same signals,it is found that the nonlinearity of the PA can be expressed by any of the two corresponding baseband data.On the other hand,when the two band signals in the dual-band of the PA are modulated with two different signals,the PA nonlinearity cannot be characterized by any of the two corresponding baseband data.In this case,its nonlinearity has to be denoted by a composite signals consisting of the two baseband signals.Consequently,the requirements for the speed of the A/D converter can be largely reduced.The experimental results with CDMA2000 and WCDMA signals demonstrate the speed of the A/D converter required is only 30 M Sample Per Second (SaPS),but it will be at least 70 M SaPS for the conventional method.

  4. New face-centered photonic square lattices with flat bands

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, Yiqi; Li, Changbiao; Zhang, Zhaoyang; Zhang, Yanpeng; Xiao, Min

    2016-01-01

    We report two new classes of face-centered photonic square lattices with flat bands which we call the Lieb-I and the Lieb-II lattices. There are 5 and 7 sites in the corresponding unit cells of the simplest Lieb-I and Lieb-II lattices, respectively. The number of flat bands $m$ in the new Lieb lattices is related to the number of sites $N$ in the unit cell by $m=(N-1)/2$. Physical properties of the lattices with even and odd number of flat bands are different. We also consider localization of light in such Lieb lattices. If the input beam excites the flat-band mode, it will not diffract during propagation, owing to the strong localization in the flat-band mode. For the Lieb-II lattice, we also find that the beam will oscillate and still not diffract during propagation, because of the intrinsic oscillating properties of certain flat-band modes. The period of oscillation is determined by the energy difference between the two flat bands. This study provides a new platform for the investigation of flat-band modes...

  5. Italian Science Case for ALMA Band 2+3

    CERN Document Server

    Beltran, M T; Brand, J; Casasola, V; Cesaroni, R; Codella, C; Fontani, F; Gregorini, L; Guidi, G; Hunt, L; Liuzzo, E; Marconi, A; Massardi, M; Moscadelli, L; Paladini, R; Podio, L; Prandoni, I; Rygl, K L J; Rivilla, V; .,; Testi, L

    2015-01-01

    The Premiale Project "Science and Technology in Italy for the upgraded ALMA Observatory - iALMA" has the goal of strengthening the scientific, technological and industrial Italian contribution to the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), the largest ground based international infrastructure for the study of the Universe in the microwave. One of the main objectives of the Science Working Group (SWG) inside iALMA, the Work Package 1, is to develop the Italian contribution to the Science Case for the ALMA Band 2 or Band 2+3 receiver. ALMA Band 2 receiver spans from ~67 GHz (bounded by an opaque line complex of ozone lines) up to 90 GHz which overlaps with the lower frequency end of ALMA Band 3. Receiver technology has advanced since the original definition of the ALMA frequency bands. It is now feasible to produce a single receiver which could cover the whole frequency range from 67 GHz to 116 GHz, encompassing Band 2 and Band 3 in a single receiver cartridge, a so called Band 2+3 system. In addit...

  6. Surface Resonance Bands on (001)W: Experimental Dispersion Relations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Willis, R. F.; Feuerbacher, B.; Christensen, N. Egede

    1977-01-01

    A band of unbound surface states (resonances), located in an energy region above the vacuum threshold corresponding to an energy band gap in the electron states of the bulk crystal, has been observed by angle-resolved secondary-electron-emission spectroscopy. The experimental dispersion behavior ...

  7. Exposure measuring techniques for wide band mobile radio-communications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper illustrates the limits and performances of different experimental monitoring techniques, which are applied to digitally modulated radiofrequency electromagnetic fields used for mobile telecommunications. Different experimental set-ups have been developed, verified and applied for the analysis and characterisation of wide band probes and narrow band measuring procedures. (authors)

  8. Deexcitation of superdeformed bands in the nucleus Tb-151

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Finck, C; Appelbe, D; Beck, FA; Byrski, T; Cullen, D; Curien, D; deFrance, G; Duchene, G; Erturk, S; Haas, B; Khadiri, N; Kharraja, B; Prevost, D; Rigollet, C; Stezowski, O; Twin, P; Vivien, JP; Zuber, K

    1997-01-01

    The aim of this work is to get more informations about the decay-out of superdeformed bands. One of the best candidates in the mass A similar or equal to 150 region for that kind of research is the nucleus Tb-151. From previous works, it has been established that the first excited band goes lower in

  9. A simultaneous confidence band for sparse longitudinal regression

    KAUST Repository

    Ma, Shujie

    2012-01-01

    Functional data analysis has received considerable recent attention and a number of successful applications have been reported. In this paper, asymptotically simultaneous confidence bands are obtained for the mean function of the functional regression model, using piecewise constant spline estimation. Simulation experiments corroborate the asymptotic theory. The confidence band procedure is illustrated by analyzing CD4 cell counts of HIV infected patients.

  10. Full W-band Microstrip Fed Vivaldi Antenna

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rebollo, Ainara; Gonzalo, Ramón; Ederra, Iñigo

    2016-03-01

    A full W-band Vivaldi antenna is proposed. The selected feeding technique implements a broadband slotline to microstrip transition which allows obtaining return loss higher than 10 dB in the full W-band. The proposed configuration is compatible with standard manufacturing techniques such as photo-lithography or laser milling.

  11. Backbending and band crossing in the MR band of 137Pr

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The A=130 mass region is expected to support magnetic rotation (MR) phenomenon in many nuclei. However a confirmed existence of MR is known only in few cases. To study the properties of MR in the A = 130 mass region, an experiment was performed at N.S.C. by using the first phase of the INGA clover array. The reaction used was 122Sn(19F, 4n)137Pr at 80 MeV beam energy. Here detailed results on the I=1 band are presented and confirm its magnetic rotation character

  12. Construct and Concurrent Validation of a New Resistance Intensity Scale for Exercise with Thera-Band® Elastic Bands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan C. Colado, Xavier Garcia-Masso, N. Travis Triplett, Joaquin Calatayud, Jorge Flandez, David Behm, Michael E. Rogers

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The construct and concurrent validity of the Thera-Band Perceived Exertion Scale for Resistance Exercise with elastic bands (EB was examined. Twenty subjects performed two separate sets of 15 repetitions of both frontal and lateral raise exercise over two sessions. The criterion variables were myoelectric activity and heart rate. One set was performed with an elastic band grip width that permitted 15 maximum repetitions in the selected exercise, and another set was performed with a grip width 50% more than the 15RM grip. Following the final repetition of each set, active muscle (AM and overall body (O ratings of perceived exertion (RPE were collected from the Thera-Band® resistance exercise scale and the OMNI-Resistance Exercise Scale of perceived exertion with Thera-Band® resistance bands (OMNI-RES EB. Construct validity was established by correlating the RPE from the OMNI-RES EB with the Thera-Band RPE scale using regression analysis. The results showed significant differences (p ≤ 0.05 in myoelectric activity, heart rate, and RPE scores between the low- and high-intensity sets. The intraclass correlation coefficient for active muscles and overall RPE scale scores was 0.67 and 0.58, respectively. There was a positive linear relationship between the RPE from the OMNI-RES EB and the Thera-Band scale. Validity coefficients for the RPE AM were r2 = 0.87 and ranged from r2 = 0.76 to 0.85 for the RPE O. Therefore, the Thera-Band Perceived Exertion Scale for Resistance Exercise can be used for monitoring elastic band exercise intensity. This would allow the training dosage to be better controlled within and between sessions. Moreover, the construct and concurrent validity indicates that the OMNI-RES EB measures similar properties of exertion as the Thera-Band RPE scale during elastic resistance exercise.

  13. SPECTRUM AGGREGATION WITH OPTIMAL MULTI-BAND SCHEDULING

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mihovska, Albena D.

    2010-01-01

    over two frequency bands (i.e., 2 GHz and 5 GHz) for a single operator scenario. The same type of Radio Access Technology (RAT) is considered for both frequency bands. It is assumed that the operator has gained access to a non-shared 2 GHz band and to part (or all) of the frequency pool band at 5 GHz....... The performance gain is analyzed in terms of higher data throughput. The performance is heavily dependent on the channel quality for each user in the considered bands which, in turn, is a function of the path loss and the distance from the Base Station (BS). The operator will have relevant...... improvements when Mobile Stations are heterogeneously distributed on the cell, with variable distances from the BS. A gain up to 500 kbps (20%) was obtained with the proposed optimal solution....

  14. Front tracking for shear bands in an antiplane shear model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper we describe a numerical algorithm for the study of shear band, formation and growth in two-dimensional antiplane shear. The constitutive model uses a non-associative flow rule. The numerical scheme is based on a Godunov method for updating the velocity, while the stress is updated via integration along particle paths. The scheme is coupled with a front tracking algorithm for careful evolution of the shear bands. The main challenges are the non-hyperbolicity of the shear band formation and growth (front tracking avoids the catastrophic effects of the loss of hyperbolicity in the Godunov-type numerical scheme), the existence of endpoints for the shear band (the tracked front does not separate the computational domain into disconnected regions), and the non-hyperbolic rate of growth of the shear band. We give examples of the success of the algorithm and show convergence tests. 69 refs., 13 figs

  15. Efficient video cutout based on adaptive multilevel banded method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN MinGang; SUI BoCong; GAO Yan; MA LiZhuang

    2012-01-01

    Although many efficient image cutout approaches have been proposed,it is still a challenge to cut out foreground objects from a video clip because of the costs of time and memory consumption and the difficulty in maintaining temporal coherence for the cutout results.In this paper,we propose a novel and efficient video cutout approach by extending a multilevel banded image segmentation method to video cutout.In our method,the segmentation results are propagated frame by frame at the lowest resolution level based on optical flow,and are refined in image pyramids level by level through banded graph cuts.We construct an adaptive narrow band to ensure that the segmentation result falls exactly into the narrow band during propagation. Experimental results show that the video cutout approach based on adaptive multilevel bands dramatically reduces time and memory costs,and achieves ideal segmentation results.

  16. The Noisiness of Low Frequency Bands of Noise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawton, B. W.

    1975-01-01

    The relative noisiness of low frequency 1/3-octave bands of noise was examined. The frequency range investigated was bounded by the bands centered at 25 and 200 Hz, with intensities ranging from 50 to 95 db (SPL). Thirty-two subjects used a method of adjustment technique, producing comparison band intensities as noisy as 100 and 200 Hz standard bands at 60 and 72 db. The work resulted in contours of equal noisiness for 1/3-octave bands, ranging in intensity from approximately 58 to 86 db (SPL). These contours were compared with the standard equal noisiness contours; in the region of overlap, between 50 and 200 Hz, the agreement was good.

  17. Two-Quasiparticle Bands and Isomers in 98Sr

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Ming-Liang; I.Y.Lee; J.O.Rasmussen; Y.X.Luo; W.C.Ma; ZHU Sheng-Jiang; J.H.Hamilton; A.V.Ramayya; J.K.Hwang; CHE Xing-Lai; ZHANG Zheng; YU Ying-Nan; ZHENG Ran-Cheng

    2004-01-01

    @@ Rotational bands in neutron-rich 98Sr nucleus have been investigated by measuring high-fold prompt γ-ray coincidence events of the spontaneous fission of 252Cf with the Gammasphere detector array. A deformed K = 3band built on the 1838keV level has been confirmed and extended. Another deformed K = 6 band based on the 2535keV level has been established. Both the bands originate most probably from the v9/2[404] ( )v3/2[411] twoquasiparticle configuration with Ω = |Ω1 - Ω2| and Ω= |Ω1 + Ω2|, respectively. Based on the delay-coincidence measurements, the half-lives for the K = 3 and K = 6 band head levels have been obtained to be 13 ± 3 ns and 4.5 ± 1.0 ns, respectively.

  18. AKARI far-infrared maps of the zodiacal dust bands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ootsubo, Takafumi; Doi, Yasuo; Takita, Satoshi; Nakagawa, Takao; Kawada, Mitsunobu; Kitamura, Yoshimi; Matsuura, Shuji; Usui, Fumihiko; Arimatsu, Ko

    2016-06-01

    Zodiacal emission is thermal emission from interplanetary dust. Its contribution to the sky brightness is non-negligible in the region near the ecliptic plane, even in the far-infrared (far-IR) wavelength regime. We analyze zodiacal emission observed by the AKARI far-IR all-sky survey, which covers 97% of the entire sky at arcminute-scale resolution in four photometric bands, with central wavelengths of 65, 90, 140, and 160 μm. AKARI detected small-scale structures in the zodiacal dust cloud, including the asteroidal dust bands and the circumsolar ring, at far-IR wavelengths. Although the smooth component of the zodiacal emission structure in the far-IR sky can be reproduced well by models based on existing far-IR observations, previous zodiacal emission models have discrepancies in the small-scale structures compared with observations. We investigate the geometry of the small-scale dust-band structures in the AKARI far-IR all-sky maps and construct template maps of the asteroidal dust bands and the circumsolar ring components based on the AKARI far-IR maps. In the maps, ± 1.4°, ± 2.1°, and ± 10° asteroidal dust-band structures are detected in the 65 μm and 90 μm bands. A possible ± 17° band may also have been detected. No evident dust-band structures are identified in either the 140 μm or the 160 μm bands. By subtracting the dust-band templates constructed in this paper, we can achieve a similar level of flux calibration of the AKARI far-IR all-sky maps in the |β| 40°.

  19. Development of Shear Banding in Berea Sandstone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riedel, J. J.; Labuz, J. F.

    2004-05-01

    Closed-loop, servo-controlled testing was used to investigate the development of shear failure in Berea sandstone under low confining pressure. The experiments were performed with the University of Minnesota Plane-Strain Apparatus, designed to allow the failure plane to propagate in an unrestricted manner. Deformation was imposed into the strain softening regime and controlled so that the specimens remained intact. Thin-section microscopy provided direct observation in, adjacent to, and around the tip of the rupture zone. The shear band appeared to initiate near a stress concentration, either the corner of the specimen or, when present, an imperfection (3 mm diameter hole) introduced into the specimen. Intragranular microcracking was the dominant observable failure mechanism. The intensity of grain cracking was greatest near the initiation point and decreased as the failure surface was traced towards the tip. Areas of high crack density also appeared to have the greatest amount of grain size reduction and there seemed to be a larger amount of pore space. In areas where intragranular microcracks were distinguishable, (e.g. near the tip of the rupture zone), microcracks showed very little or no shear displacement, suggesting the features were not reoriented after formation. Microcrack orientations showed a dominant direction of -16 degrees from the maximum principal stress direction and -26 degrees from the failure surface. A numerical imaging technique was developed to provide an efficient means for analyzing the relative porosity of epoxy-impregnated thin-sections. The code was set up to receive a digital image (*.bmp), where three parameters (R, G, and B) describe the color of each pixel. The intensity of the R channel consistently defined the boundary of grain and pore space and was used to differentiate blue pore space from the white grains composing the matrix. Porosity increase within the rupture zone was 3-4 grain diameters wide. An absence of notable

  20. Head and hand detuning effect study of narrow-band against wide-band mobile phone antennas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bahramzy, Pevand; Pedersen, Gert Frølund

    2014-01-01

    Wide-band (WB) and narrow-band (NB) antennas in terms of performance are compared, when interacting with the user’s right head and hand (RHH). The investigations are done through experimental measurements, using standardised head phantom and hand. It is shown that WB antennas detune more than NB ...

  1. A new construction algorithm of narrow-band function for artificial history simulation method based on narrow-band superposition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, a new type of narrow-band function is proposed for the artificial history simulation method based on narrow-band superposition, which aims to meet the needs of both fitting of the target response spectrum and envelop of the power spectral density. The new narrow-band function is based on the normal distribution function and trigonometric functions. Its band width can be controlled and it decays rapidly on both sides. While the target response spectrum is fitted by superimposing the new narrow-band time history, the power spectral density is enveloped by modifying the Fourier amplitude spectrum locally. The numerical example demonstrates that not only the artificial time history generated by this algorithm reaches high matching precision to the target response spectrum, but also the corresponding calculated power spectrum envelopes the target power spectrum. (authors)

  2. Hydrometeor classification from dual-polarized weather radar: extending fuzzy logic from S-band to C-band data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. S. Marzano

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available A model-based fuzzy classification method for C-band polarimetric radar data, named Fuzzy Radar Algorithm for Hydrometeor Classification at C-band (FRAHCC, is presented. Membership functions are designed for best fitting simulation data at C-band, and they are derived for ten different hydrometeor classes by means of a scattering model, based on T-Matrix numerical method. The fuzzy logic classification technique uses a reduced set of polarimetric observables, i.e. copolar reflectivity and differential reflectivity, and it is finally applied to data coming from radar sites located in Gattatico and S. Pietro Capofiume in North Italy. The final purpose is to show qualitative accuracy improvements with respect to the use of a set of ten bidimensional MBFs, previously adopted and well suited to S-band data but not to C-band data.

  3. X-Band CubeSat Communication System Demonstration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altunc, Serhat; Kegege, Obadiah; Bundick, Steve; Shaw, Harry; Schaire, Scott; Bussey, George; Crum, Gary; Burke, Jacob C.; Palo, Scott; O'Conor, Darren

    2015-01-01

    Today's CubeSats mostly operate their communications at UHF- and S-band frequencies. UHF band is presently crowded, thus downlink communications are at lower data rates due to bandwidth limitations and are unreliable due to interference. This research presents an end-to-end robust, innovative, compact, efficient and low cost S-band uplink and X-band downlink CubeSat communication system demonstration between a balloon and a Near Earth Network (NEN) ground system. Since communication systems serve as umbilical cords for space missions, demonstration of this X-band communication system is critical for successfully supporting current and future CubeSat communication needs. This research has three main objectives. The first objective is to design, simulate, and test a CubeSat S- and X-band communication system. Satellite Tool Kit (STK) dynamic link budget calculations and HFSS Simulations and modeling results have been used to trade the merit of various designs for small satellite applications. S- and X-band antennas have been tested in the compact antenna test range at Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) to gather radiation pattern data. The second objective is simulate and test a CubeSat compatible X-band communication system at 12.5Mbps including S-band antennas, X-band antennas, Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics (LASP) /GSFC transmitter and an S-band receiver from TRL-5 to TRL-8 by the end of this effort. Different X-band communication system components (antennas, diplexers, etc.) from GSFC, other NASA centers, universities, and private companies have been investigated and traded, and a complete component list for the communication system baseline has been developed by performing analytical and numerical analysis. This objective also includes running simulations and performing trades between different X-band antenna systems to optimize communication system performance. The final objective is to perform an end-to-end X-band CubeSat communication system

  4. Decay from the superdeformed bands in {sup 194}Hg

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Henry, R.G.; Khoo, T.L.; Carpenter, M.P. [and others

    1995-08-01

    Superdeformed bands in {sup 194}H g were studied using the early implementation of Gammasphere. The response functions for the Ge detectors were measured for the first time as part of this experiment. Experiments were performed with both a backed target (where the residue stopped in the Au backing) and a thin target (where the residue recoiled into vacuum). This will permit measurements of the decay times of the quasicontinuum {gamma}rays. The spectrum in coincidence with the yrast SD band in {sup 194}Hg reveals the same features as found in the quasicontinuum structure in {sup 192}Hg. These features include: statistical {gamma}rays feeding the SD band, a pronounced E2 peak from transitions feeding the SD band, a Ml/E2 bump at low energies that is associated with the last stages of feeding of the superdeformed band, and a quasicontinuous distribution from {gamma}rays linking SD and normal states, including a sizable clustering of strength around 1.7 MeV. The remarkable similarity of the spectra coincident with SD bands in {sup 192,194}Hg provides additional support for a statistical process for decay out of the SD states. This similarity contrasts with differences observed in the spectrum coincident with the SD band in the odd-even {sup 191}Hg, confirming the predictions about the role of pairing (in normal states) in influencing the shape of the decay-out spectrum.

  5. RRI-GBT Multi-Band Receiver: Motivation, Design & Development

    CERN Document Server

    Maan, Yogesh; Chandrashekar, Vinutha; Chennamangalam, Jayanth; Rao, K B Raghavendra; Somashekar, R; Anderson, Gary; Ezhilarasi, M S; Sujatha, S; Kasturi, S; Sandhya, P; Bauserman, Jonah; Duraichelvan, R; Amiri, Shahram; Aswathappa, H A; Barve, Indrajit V; Sarabagopalan, G; Ananda, H M; Beaudet, Carla; Bloss, Marty; Dhamnekar, Deepa B; Egan, Dennis; Ford, John; Krishnamurthy, S; Mehta, Nikhil; Minter, Anthony H; Nagaraja, H N; Narayanaswamy, M; O'Neil, Karen; Raja, Wasim; Sahasrabudhe, Harshad; Shelton, Amy; Srivani, K S; Venugopal, H V; Viswanathan, Salna T

    2012-01-01

    We report the design and development of a self-contained multi-band receiver (MBR) system, intended for use with a single large aperture to facilitate sensitive & high time-resolution observations simultaneously in 10 discrete frequency bands sampling a wide spectral span (100-1500 MHz) in a nearly log-periodic fashion. The development of this system was primarily motivated by need for tomographic studies of pulsar polar emission regions. Although the system design is optimized for the primary goal, it is also suited for several other interesting astronomical investigations. The system consists of a dual-polarization multi-band feed (with discrete responses corresponding to the 10 bands pre-selected as relatively RFI-free), a common wide-band RF front-end, and independent back-end receiver chains for the 10 individual sub-bands. The raw voltage time-sequences corresponding to 16 MHz bandwidth each for the two linear polarization channels and the 10 bands, are recorded at the Nyquist rate simultaneously. W...

  6. Band gap effects of hexagonal boron nitride using oxygen plasma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tuning of band gap of hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) has been a challenging problem due to its inherent chemical stability and inertness. In this work, we report the changes in band gaps in a few layers of chemical vapor deposition processed as-grown h-BN using a simple oxygen plasma treatment. Optical absorption spectra show a trend of band gap narrowing monotonically from 6 eV of pristine h-BN to 4.31 eV when exposed to oxygen plasma for 12 s. The narrowing of band gap causes the reduction in electrical resistance by ∼100 fold. The x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy results of plasma treated hexagonal boron nitride surface show the predominant doping of oxygen for the nitrogen vacancy. Energy sub-band formations inside the band gap of h-BN, due to the incorporation of oxygen dopants, cause a red shift in absorption edge corresponding to the band gap narrowing

  7. Quasi phase transition model of shear bands in metallic glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu Zengqian [Key Laboratory of Aerospace Materials and Performance, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191 (China); Li Ran, E-mail: liran@buaa.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Aerospace Materials and Performance, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191 (China); Wang Gang [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai University, Shanghai (China); Wu Sujun; Lu Xuyang [Key Laboratory of Aerospace Materials and Performance, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191 (China); Zhang Tao, E-mail: zhangtao@buaa.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Aerospace Materials and Performance, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191 (China)

    2011-11-15

    A quasi phase transition model of shear bands in metallic glasses (MGs) is presented from the thermodynamic viewpoint. Energy changes during shear banding in a sample-machine system are analyzed following fundamental energy theorems. Three characteristic parameters, i.e. the critical initiation energy {Delta}G{sub c}, the shear band stability index k{sub 0}, and the critical shear band length l{sub c}, are derived to elucidate the initiation and propagation of shear bands. The criteria for good plasticity in MGs with predominant thermodynamic arrest of shear bands are proposed as low {Delta}G{sub c}, large k{sub 0}, and small l{sub c}. The model, combined with experimental results, is used to analyze some controversial phenomena of deformation behavior in MGs, such as the size effect, the effect of testing machine stiffness and the relationship between elastic modulus and plasticity. This study has important implications for a fundamental understanding of shear banding as well as deformation mechanisms in MGs and provides a theoretical basis for improving the ductility of MGs.

  8. Gallagher-Moszkowski (GM) doublet bands in 162Ho

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High-spin states in 162Ho have been populated in the reaction 160Gd(7Li, 5n) at a beam energy of 49 MeV. The K π=1- band, the low-K Gallagher-Moszkowski (GM) partner band of known high-K(K π=6-) band, based on the configuration π7/2-[523]·ν5/2+[642], and the K π=6+ band, the high-K GM partner band of known low-K(Kπ=1+) band, based on the configuration π7/2-[523]·ν5/2-[523], have been identified. GM splitting energies, defined as ΔEGM=EintK-EintK, 80 keV and -135 keV were extracted from these two sets of GM doublet bands, respectively. They are comparable with 65 keV and -145 keV, reported recently by Hojman et al. for the corresponding configurations π7/2-[523]·ν5/2+[642] and π7/2-[523]·ν5/2-[523] in 164Ho, respectively

  9. Effective Tree Scattering at L-Band

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurum, Mehmet; ONeill, Peggy E.; Lang, Roger H.; Joseph, Alicia T.; Cosh, Michael H.; Jackson, Thomas J.

    2011-01-01

    For routine microwave Soil Moisture (SM) retrieval through vegetation, the tau-omega [1] model [zero-order Radiative Transfer (RT) solution] is attractive due to its simplicity and eases of inversion and implementation. It is the model used in baseline retrieval algorithms for several planned microwave space missions, such as ESA's Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission (launched November 2009) and NASA's Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission (to be launched 2014/2015) [2 and 3]. These approaches are adapted for vegetated landscapes with effective vegetation parameters tau and omega by fitting experimental data or simulation outputs of a multiple scattering model [4-7]. The model has been validated over grasslands, agricultural crops, and generally light to moderate vegetation. As the density of vegetation increases, sensitivity to the underlying SM begins to degrade significantly and errors in the retrieved SM increase accordingly. The zero-order model also loses its validity when dense vegetation (i.e. forest, mature corn, etc.) includes scatterers, such as branches and trunks (or stalks in the case of corn), which are large with respect to the wavelength. The tau-omega model (when applied over moderately to densely vegetated landscapes) will need modification (in terms of form or effective parameterization) to enable accurate characterization of vegetation parameters with respect to specific tree types, anisotropic canopy structure, presence of leaves and/or understory. More scattering terms (at least up to first-order at L-band) should be included in the RT solutions for forest canopies [8]. Although not really suitable to forests, a zero-order tau-omega model might be applied to such vegetation canopies with large scatterers, but that equivalent or effective parameters would have to be used [4]. This requires that the effective values (vegetation opacity and single scattering albedo) need to be evaluated (compared) with theoretical definitions of

  10. Use of abnormal preprophase bands to decipher division plane determination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granger, C.; Cyr, R.

    2001-01-01

    Many premitotic plant cells possess a cortical preprophase band of microtubules and actin filaments that encircles the nucleus. In vacuolated cells, the preprophase band is visibly connected to the nucleus by a cytoplasmic raft of actin filaments and microtubules termed the phragmosome. Typically, the location of the preprophase band and phragmosome corresponds to, and thus is thought to influence, the location of the cell division plane. To better understand the function of the preprophase band and phragmosome in orienting division, we used a green fluorescent protein-based microtubule reporter protein to observe mitosis in living tobacco bright yellow 2 cells possessing unusual preprophase bands. Observations of mitosis in these unusual cells support the involvement of the preprophase band/phragmosome in properly positioning the preprophase nucleus, influencing spindle orientation such that the cytokinetic phragmoplast initially grows in an appropriate direction, and delineating a region in the cell cortex that attracts microtubules and directs later stages of phragmoplast growth. Thus, the preprophase band/phragmosome appears to perform several interrelated functions to orient the division plane. However, functional information associated with the preprophase band is not always used or needed and there appears to be an age or distance-dependent character to the information. Cells treated with the anti-actin drug, latrunculin B, are still able to position the preprophase nucleus suggesting that microtubules may play a dominant role in premitotic positioning. Furthermore, in treated cells, spindle location and phragmoplast insertion are frequently abnormal suggesting that actin plays a significant role in nuclear anchoring and phragmoplast guidance. Thus, the microtubule and actin components of the preprophase band/phragmosome execute complementary activities to ensure proper orientation of the division plane.

  11. Introduction to the viewpoint set on shear bands

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent work aimed at improving our understanding of shear banding and flow localization as modes of deformation and failure is summarized in the six viewpoint articles which follow. For the most part, the emphasis here is on the observation and analysis of shear banding in metals, but active efforts are also underway to understand the role of shear bands in the deformation and failure of soils and rocks. There is a tendency to regard shear bands as a failure mode, as indeed they often are. But extensive straining under highly constrained conditions such as rolling can give rise to profuse flow localization into shear bands which can be regarded as microscopic in the sense that their extent is on the scale of the grains rather than the overall dimensions of the block of material being deformed. Hatherly and Malin describe in detail the observation of such bands and emphasize that they should be considered as a mode of deformation under these circumstances. They relate the formation of the bands to microstructural aspects and discuss their role in the development of recrystallization textures. It will be clear from reading the articles in this viewpoint set that the beginnings of a quantitative theory of shear banding is in place. Continued progress will require parallel developments in constitutive theory and experimental observation. Moreover, basic questions remain to be explored related to the spatial development of the shear bands, their mutual interaction, their development into a failure mode, and how these are influenced by factors such as overall deformational constraint, rate of straining, and temperature

  12. Observation of a $\\gamma$-band based on two-quasiparticle configuration in $^{70}$Ge

    CERN Document Server

    Raju, M Kumar; Muralithar, S; Singh, R P; Bhat, G H; Sheikh, J A; Tandel, S K; Sugathan, P; Reddy, T Seshi; Rao, B V Thirumala; Bhowmik, R K

    2016-01-01

    The structure of $^{70}$Ge has been studied through in-beam gamma ray spectroscopy. A new band structure is identified that leads to forking of the ground-state band into two excited bands. Band structures have been investigated using the microscopic triaxial projected shell model approach. The observed forking is demonstrated to result from almost simultaneous band crossing of the two neutron aligned and the \\gamma-band built on this two-quasiparticle configuration with the ground-state band.

  13. K-band spectroscopy of deeply embedded, young OB stars

    OpenAIRE

    Bik, A.; Kaper, L.; Hanson, M.M.; Waters, L. B. F. M.

    2006-01-01

    We have obtained high resolution (R = 10,000) K-band spectra of candidate young massive stars deeply embedded in high-mass star-forming regions. These objects were selected from a near-infrared survey of 44 regions of high-mass star-formation (Kaper et al, 2006). In these clusters, 38 OB stars are identified whose K-band spectra are dominated by photospheric emission. In almost all those stars, the K-band spectra are indistinguishable from field stars. However, in some stars the profile of th...

  14. Rotational bands and chirality in {sup 194}Tl

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Masiteng, P.L. [National Research Foundation, iThemba LABS, P.O. Box 722, Somerset West (South Africa); University of the Western Cape, Bellville (South Africa); University of Johannesburg, P.O. Box 524, Auckland Park (South Africa); Lawrie, E.A.; Lawrie, J.J.; Bark, R.A.; Mullins, S.M.; Murray, S.H.T. [National Research Foundation, iThemba LABS, P.O. Box 722, Somerset West (South Africa); Ramashidzha, T.M.; Maine, P.; Maliage, S.M.; Sharpey-Schafer, J.F.; Shirinda, O.; Vymers, P.A. [National Research Foundation, iThemba LABS, P.O. Box 722, Somerset West (South Africa); University of the Western Cape, Bellville (South Africa); Lindsay, R. [University of the Western Cape, Bellville (South Africa); Komati, F.; Kau, J. [National Research Foundation, iThemba LABS, P.O. Box 722, Somerset West (South Africa); University of North West, Mmabatho (South Africa); Matamba, I. [University of Venda for Science and Technology, Thohoyandou (South Africa); Mutshena, K.P. [National Research Foundation, iThemba LABS, P.O. Box 722, Somerset West (South Africa); University of Venda for Science and Technology, Thohoyandou (South Africa); Pasternak, A.A. [A.F. Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, St.-Petersburg (Russian Federation); Roux, D.G. [University of the Western Cape, Bellville (South Africa); Rhodes University, P.O. Box 94, Grahamstown (South Africa)

    2014-07-15

    The high-spin states in {sup 194}Tl were studied using the {sup 181}Ta({sup 18}O, 5n) reaction and the AFRODITE γ -ray spectrometer at iThemba LABS. The level scheme of {sup 194}Tl was considerably extended with several new bands. Three negative-parity 4-quasiparticle bands were observed and associated with πh{sub 9/2} x νi{sub 13/2}{sup -3} configurations. Two of these form a candidate chiral pair with excellent near-degeneracy. In addition two new positive-parity bands were found. (orig.)

  15. Topological flat band models with arbitrary Chern numbers

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Shuo; Gu, Zheng-Cheng; Sun, Kai; Sarma, S. Das

    2012-01-01

    We report the theoretical discovery of a systematic scheme to produce topological flat bands (TFBs) with arbitrary Chern numbers. We find that generically a multi-orbital high Chern number TFB model can be constructed by considering multi-layer Chern number C=1 TFB models with enhanced translational symmetry. A series of models are presented as examples, including a two-band model on a triangular lattice with a Chern number C=3 and an $N$-band square lattice model with $C=N$ for an arbitrary ...

  16. Transition Probabilities in Yrast Band of 174Os

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI; Cong-bo; WU; Xiao-guang; HE; Chuang-ye; ZHENG; Yun; LI; Guang-sheng; YAO; Shun-he; HU; Shi-peng; LI; Hong-wei; WANG; Jin-long; LIU; Jia-jian; XU; Chuan

    2012-01-01

    <正>Shape changes that occur from Coriolis and centrifugal forces in the transitional nuclei are significant and have a large impact on the properties of the rotational bands in the band-crossing regions. For example, very recently, in the even-even platinum isotopes 182-186Pt, a steep decline in B(E2) (and, hence, in Qt ) values beyond the 10+ state in yrast band have been observed. It has been attributed to the deformation forces of the alignment of the I13/2 neutrons. The nucleus changes from prolate shape at low

  17. Natural and Laboratory-Induced Compaction Bands in Aztec Sandstone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haimson, B. C.; Lee, H.

    2002-12-01

    The Aztec sandstone used in this research is from the Valley of Fire State Park area, Nevada. This Jurassic aeolian sandstone is extremely weak (uniaxial compressive strength of 1-2 MPa); porosity averages 26%; grains are subrounded and have a bimodal size distribution (0.1 mm and 0.5 mm); its mineral composition (K. Sternlof, personal comm.) is 93% quartz, 5% k-spar, and 2% kaolinite, Fe carbonate and others; grain bonding is primarily through suturing. Sternlof et al. (EOS, November, 2001) observed substantial exposure of mainly compactive deformation bands in the Aztec sandstone. We studied an SEM image of a compaction band found in a hand sample of the Aztec sandstone. We also conducted a drilling test in a 130x130x180 mm prismatic specimen subjected to a preset far-field true triaxial stress condition (\\sigmah = 15 MPa, \\sigmav = 25 MPa, \\sigmaH = 40 MPa). Drilling of a 20 mm dia. vertical hole created a long fracture-like thin tabular breakout along the \\sigmah springline and perpendicular to \\sigmaH direction. SEM analysis of the zones ahead of the breakout tips revealed narrow bands of presumed debonded intact grains interspersed with grain fragments. We infer that the fragments were formed from multiple splitting or crushing of compacted grains in the band of high compressive stress concentration developed along the \\sigmah springline. SEM images away from the breakout tip surroundings showed no such fragments. SEM study of the natural compaction band showed a similar arrangement of mainly intact grains surrounded by grain fragments. Using the Optimas optical software package, we found the percentage of pore area within the band ahead of the breakout tips to average 17%; outside of this zone it was 23%. In the natural compaction band pore area occupied 8.5% of the band; in the host rock adjacent to the compaction band it averaged 19%. These readings strongly suggest porosity reduction due to compaction in both cases. The close resemblance between the

  18. Multi-band Image Registration Method Based on Fourier Transform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庹红娅; 刘允才

    2004-01-01

    This paper presented a registration method based on Fourier transform for multi-band images which is involved in translation and small rotation. Although different band images differ a lot in the intensity and features,they contain certain common information which we can exploit. A model was given that the multi-band images have linear correlations under the least-square sense. It is proved that the coefficients have no effect on the registration progress if two images have linear correlations. Finally, the steps of the registration method were proposed. The experiments show that the model is reasonable and the results are satisfying.

  19. Electromagnetic properties of vibrational bands in {sup 170}Er

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    DiJulio, D.D.; Cederkall, J.; Fahlander, C.; Ekstroem, A.; Golubev, P.; Mattsson, K.; Rudolph, D. [Lund University, Department of Physics, Lund (Sweden); de Angelis, G.; He, C.; Recchia, F.; Sahin, E.; Valiente-Dobon, J.J. [INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Legnaro (Italy); Aydin, S.; Farnea, E.; Menegazzo, R.; Mengoni, D.; Ur, C.A. [INFN, Padova (Italy); Universita di Padova, Padova (Italy); Y. Deo, A.; Farrelly, G.; Kempley, R.; Podolyak, Z. [University of Surrey, Department of Physics, Guildford (United Kingdom); Geibel, K.; Reiter, P.; Wendt, A. [University of Cologne, Cologne (Germany); Iwanicki, J.; Zielinska, M. [University of Warsaw, Heavy Ion Laboratory, Warsaw (Poland); Marginean, N. [National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest (Romania); Orlandi, R.; Smith, J.; Torres, D.A. [University of West Scotland, Paisley, Scotland (United Kingdom); Soederstroem, P.A. [Uppsala University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala (Sweden); Tveten, G.M. [University of Oslo, Oslo (Norway)

    2011-02-15

    Excited states of the nucleus {sup 170}Er have been studied by Coulomb excitation using the GASP {gamma} -ray detector system at the Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro. The ground-state band along with a low-lying K{sup {pi}}=0{sup +} band and {gamma} -vibrational band were populated during the experiment. Based on the measured {gamma} -ray yields, a set of interband and intraband matrix elements has been extracted using the Coulomb excitation code GOSIA. The resulting E2 matrix elements are compared to collective model predictions. (orig.)

  20. Sub-band-gap laser micromachining of lithium niobate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, F. K.; Müllenborn, Matthias

    1995-01-01

    Laser processing of insulators and semiconductors is usually realized using photon energies exceeding the band-gap energy. This makes laser processing of insulators difficult since high photon energies typically require either a pulsed laser or a frequency-doubled continuous-wave laser. A new...... method is reported which enables us to do laser processing of lithium niobate using sub-band-gap photons. Using high scan speeds, moderate power densities, and sub-band-gap photon energies results in volume removal rates in excess of 106µm3/s. This enables fast micromachining of small piezoelectric...

  1. Design for maximum band-gaps in beam structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olhoff, Niels; Niu, Bin; Cheng, Gengdong

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims to extend earlier optimum design results for transversely vibrating Bernoulli-Euler beams by determining new optimum band-gap beam structures for (i) different combinations of classical boundary conditions, (ii) much larger values of the orders n and n-1 of adjacent upper and lower...... eigenfrequencies of maximized band-gaps, and (iii) different values of a minimum cross-sectional area constraint. The periodicity of the optimum beams and the attenuation of their band-gaps are also discussed....

  2. Thin-film intermediate band chalcopyrite solar cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chalcopyrite-based solar cells currently lead the efficiency tables of thin-film photovoltaic technologies. Further improvements are foreseen upon implementation of an intermediate band in the absorber layers. We present a theoretical analysis of the efficiency limit for this type of device as a function of factors such as the gap of the host, the relative position of the intermediate band with respect to the band edge and the level of light concentration used as illumination. We have also considered the impact of non-idealities on the performance of the device, particularly the effect of electronic losses related to non-radiative recombination

  3. Modified Dual-Band Stacked Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antenna

    OpenAIRE

    Guo Liu; Liang Xu; Yi Wang

    2013-01-01

    A novel high-performance circularly polarized (CP) antenna is proposed in this paper. Two separate antennas featuring the global positioning system (GPS) dual-band operation (1.575 GHz and 1.227 GHz for L1 band and L2 band, resp.) are integrated with good isolation. To enhance the gain at low angle, a new structure of patch and two parasitic metal elements are introduced. With the optimized design, good axial ratio and near-hemispherical radiation pattern are obtained.

  4. Modified Dual-Band Stacked Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antenna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guo Liu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A novel high-performance circularly polarized (CP antenna is proposed in this paper. Two separate antennas featuring the global positioning system (GPS dual-band operation (1.575 GHz and 1.227 GHz for L1 band and L2 band, resp. are integrated with good isolation. To enhance the gain at low angle, a new structure of patch and two parasitic metal elements are introduced. With the optimized design, good axial ratio and near-hemispherical radiation pattern are obtained.

  5. Nuclear rotational-band interaction-mechanism revisited

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The technique of band-interaction calculations has been widely used for many years in the context of nuclear structure studies and a number of approximations have generally been made in this context. In this article we examine the impact of certain of these simplifications, basing our study on the interaction of some model bands. We show that large uncertainties can result when the interacting-band model is used under the assumptions that quite often are not even explicitly mentioned - neither verified. (author)

  6. Turbulent bands in a planar shear flow without walls

    CERN Document Server

    Chantry, Matthew; Barkley, Dwight

    2015-01-01

    Turbulent bands are a ubiquitous feature of transition in wall-bounded shear flows. We show that these are also a robust feature of Waleffe flow -- a shear flow driven by a sinusoidal body force between stress-free boundaries -- thus demonstrating that rigid walls are not a prerequisite for band formation. Exploiting the Fourier dependence of Waleffe forcing, we construct a model flow that uses only four wavenumbers in the shear direction and yet captures uniform turbulence, turbulent bands, and spot expansion. The model is simultaneously a reduction of the full Navier-Stokes equations and an extension of minimal models of the self-sustaining process of shear turbulence.

  7. Porosity reduction within shear deformation bands in unconsolidated Pleistocene sediments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandes, Christian; Tanner, David

    2016-04-01

    Deformation bands are important structural elements that occur in the upper crust and develop in porous sandstones and even in unconsolidated sands. In contrast to discrete surfaces such as faults, deformation bands represent tabular zones of continuous displacement over several centimeters (Fossen et al., 2007). We present an outcrop-based study on the internal fabric of shear deformation bands that developed in Pleistocene unconsolidated sands in northern Germany. The deformation bands formed in an extensional stress regime, have a normal sense of displacement in a range of centimeters to decimeters, and form conjugate sets that intersect at angles between 70° and 90° (Brandes & Tanner, 2012). Due to their near-surface position, they are a perfect target for the study of deformation band formation prior to burial and diagenesis. Thin section analysis show a significant pore space reduction from the host sediment to the shear deformation band. The boundary between the host sediment and the shear deformation bands can be very sharp. The grains within the deformation band are of the same grain size as the host sediment. Grain shape varies from angular to well-rounded. Many elliptic grains have a long-axis orientation parallel to the trend of the deformation band. The grains in the analysed thin sections are all intact, i.e., there is no evidence for cataclasis. We believe the shear deformation bands are created by a grain-sliding process that decreases the porosity and leads to a denser packing of the sand. This is a porosity reduction mechanism in sandstone that occurs prior to burial without cataclasis. This can have an impact on fluid-flow in unconsolidated sediments in the near-surface. References: Brandes, C. & Tanner, D.C. (2012) Three-dimensional geometry and fabric of shear deformation bands in unconsolidated Pleistocene sediments. Tectonophysics, 518-521, 84-92. Fossen, H., Schultz, R.A., Shipton, Z.K., & Mair, K. (2007) Deformation bands in sandstone: a

  8. Small Quadrupole Deformation for the Dipole Bands in 112In

    CERN Document Server

    Trivedi, T; Sethi, J; Saha, S; Kumar, S; Naik, Z; Parkar, V V; Naidu, B S; Deo, A Y; Raghav, A; Joshi, P K; Jain, H C; Sihotra, S; Mehta, D; Jain, A K; Choudhury, D; Negi, D; Roy, S; Chattopadhyay, S; Singh, A K; Singh, P; Biswas, D C; Bhowmik, R K; Muralithar, S; Singh, R P; Kumar, R; Rani, K

    2012-01-01

    High spin states in $^{112}$In were investigated using $^{100}$Mo($^{16}$O, p3n) reaction at 80 MeV. The excited level have been observed up to 5.6 MeV excitation energy and spin $\\sim$ 20$\\hbar$ with the level scheme showing three dipole bands. The polarization and lifetime measurements were carried out for the dipole bands. Tilted axis cranking model calculations were performed for different quasi-particle configurations of this doubly odd nucleus. Comparison of the calculations of the model with the B(M1) transition strengths of the positive and negative parity bands firmly established their configurations.

  9. Dual-Band Miniaturized Patch Antennas for Microwave Breast Imaging

    OpenAIRE

    Al-Joumayly, Mudar A.; Aguilar, Suzette M.; Behdad, Nader; Hagness, Susan C.

    2010-01-01

    We present a miniaturized, dual-band patch antenna array element that is designed for use in a 3-D microwave tomography system for breast imaging. Dual-band operation is achieved by manipulating the fundamental resonant mode of the patch antenna and one of its higher-order modes. Miniaturization and tuning of the resonant frequencies are achieved by loading the antenna with non-radiating slots at strategic locations along the patch. This results in a compact, dual-band antenna with symmetric ...

  10. Listening to the low-frequency gravitational-wave band

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, Scott

    2016-03-01

    Ground-based gravitational-wave detectors are beginning to explore the high-frequency band of roughly 10 to 1000 Hz. These three decades in frequency represent one of several astrophysically important wavebands. In this talk, I will focus on the astrophysics of the low-frequency band, from roughly 30 microhertz to 0.1 Hz. This band is expected to be particularly rich with very loud sources. I will survey what we expect to be important sources of low-frequency gravitational waves, and review the scientific payoff that would come from measuring them.

  11. New face-centered photonic square lattices with flat bands

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Yiqi; Belić, Milivoj R.; Li, Changbiao; Zhang, Zhaoyang; Zhang, Yanpeng; Xiao, Min

    2016-01-01

    We report two new classes of face-centered photonic square lattices with flat bands which we call the Lieb-I and the Lieb-II lattices. There are 5 and 7 sites in the corresponding unit cells of the simplest Lieb-I and Lieb-II lattices, respectively. The number of flat bands $m$ in the new Lieb lattices is related to the number of sites $N$ in the unit cell by $m=(N-1)/2$. Physical properties of the lattices with even and odd number of flat bands are different. We also consider localization of...

  12. Intermediate Band Solar Cell with Extreme Broadband Spectrum Quantum Efficiency

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    We report, for the first time, about an intermediate band solar cell implemented with InAs/AlGaAs quantum dots whose photoresponse expands from 250 to ~ 6000  nm. To our knowledge, this is the broadest quantum efficiency reported to date for a solar cell and demonstrates that the intermediate band solar cell is capable of producing photocurrent when illuminated with photons whose energy equals the energy of the lowest band gap. We show experimental evidence indicating that this result is in a...

  13. Band alignment of two-dimensional lateral heterostructures

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, Junfeng; Xie, Weiyu; Zhang, S B

    2016-01-01

    Band alignment in two-dimensional (2D) lateral heterostructures is fundamentally different from three-dimensional (3D), as Schottky barrier height is at the Schottky-Mott limit and band offset is at the Anderson limit, regardless interfacial conditions. This robustness arises because, in the asymptotic limit, effect of interfacial dipole vanishes. First-principles calculations of graphene/h-BN and MoS2/WS2 show that 2D junction width W is typically an order of magnitude longer than 3D. Therefore, heterostructures with dimension less than W can also be made, leading to tunable band alignment.

  14. Satellite-borne QPSK Direct Modulator for Ka Band

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Min; Li, Changsheng

    2016-02-01

    Ka band is referred to a microwave band whose frequency range is from 24.6 GHz to 40 GHz, it shares a wide available bandwidth, high frequency reuse rate and strong ability of anti-jamming. This paper presents a novel method to design a modulator for Ka-band satellite communication. Using QPSK to improve the ability of anti-jamming, using direct modulation to reduce the weight, volume and cost of electronic equipment, using sub-harmonic mixer to cut the LO power leakage, excellent modulation results are obtained.

  15. Multipolar localized resonances for multi-band metamaterial perfect absorbers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A metamaterial structure, comprising of metallic circular micro-discs (gold or aluminum) separated from a metallic thin film by a dielectric zinc sulphide film, behaves as a multi-band perfect absorber at infra red wavelengths due to the excitation of multipole resonances. With micro-discs of 3.2 μm diameter, the fabricated metamaterial absorber shows peak absorbance of over 90% in multiple selected bands spanning the 3–14 μm wavelengths. Absorption bands corresponding to the different resonance modes have been measured and computational simulations show these resonances originate from the higher order multipolar resonances of the disk. (special issue article)

  16. Earth Studies Using L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosen, Paul A.

    1999-01-01

    L-band SAR has played an important role in studies of the Earth by revealing the nature of the larger-scale (decimeter) surface features. JERS-1, by supplying multi-seasonal coverage of the much of the earth, has demonstrated the importance of L-band SARs. Future L-band SARs such as ALOS and LightSAR will pave the way for science missions that use SAR instruments. As technology develops to enable lower cost SAR instruments, missions will evolve to each have a unique science focus. International coordination of multi-parameter constellations and campaigns will maximize science return.

  17. Channel Estimation Using Extended Technique of Guard Band Reduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gagandeep Kaur Cheema

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available OFDM channel is used to pass multiple sub carriers for the optimization of the channel performance. When multiple subcarriers passes through one channel, as the bandwidth is fixed it is necessary to keep a gap between the subcarriers so that the interference between them does not occur .This paper describes the efficiency of OFDM by the number of signals being passed. The numbers of transmitters increases and interferences increases when the guard band decreases, so Guard band is designed & it is the difference between two signals. Here, the value of guard band has been halved to make the channel performance better

  18. Normal and superdeformed cluster bands in heavy nuclei

    CERN Document Server

    Buck, B; Horner, M J; Pérez, S M

    2000-01-01

    We apply a principle of maximum stability to determine the most favoured core-cluster decompositions of sup 1 sup 9 sup 4 Hg, sup 2 sup 3 sup 6 U and sup 2 sup 4 sup 0 Pu. The results suggest two distinct modes of clusterization for each nucleus, one of which can be associated with the ground state band, and the other with an excited superdeformed band. We compare the calculated properties of these bands with the corresponding data available in all three nuclei.

  19. Phenomenon of transformed adiabatic shear band surrounded by deformed adiabatic shear band of ductile metal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xue-bin

    2008-01-01

    The coexistent phenomenon of deformed and transformed adiabatic shear bands(ASBs) of ductile metal was analyzed using the JOHNSON-COOK model and gradient-dependent plasticity(GDP). The effects of melting point, density, heat capacity and work to heat conversion factor were investigated. Higher work to heat conversion factor, lower density, lower heat capacity and higher melting point lead to wider transformed ASB and higher local plastic shear deformation between deformed and transformed ASBs. Higher work to heat conversion factor, lower density, lower heat capacity and lower melting point cause higher local plastic shear deformation in the deformed ASB. Three reasons for the scatter in experimental data on the ASB width were pointed out and the advantages of the work were discussed. If the transformed ASB width is used to back-calculate the internal length parameter in the GDP, undoubtedly, the parameter will be extremely underestimated.

  20. X-Band Photonic Band-Gap Accelerator Structure Breakdown Experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marsh, Roark A.; /MIT /MIT /NIFS, Gifu /JAERI, Kyoto /LLNL, Livermore; Shapiro, Michael A.; Temkin, Richard J.; /MIT; Dolgashev, Valery A.; Laurent, Lisa L.; Lewandowski, James R.; Yeremian, A.Dian; Tantawi, Sami G.; /SLAC

    2012-06-11

    In order to understand the performance of photonic band-gap (PBG) structures under realistic high gradient, high power, high repetition rate operation, a PBG accelerator structure was designed and tested at X band (11.424 GHz). The structure consisted of a single test cell with matching cells before and after the structure. The design followed principles previously established in testing a series of conventional pillbox structures. The PBG structure was tested at an accelerating gradient of 65 MV/m yielding a breakdown rate of two breakdowns per hour at 60 Hz. An accelerating gradient above 110 MV/m was demonstrated at a higher breakdown rate. Significant pulsed heating occurred on the surface of the inner rods of the PBG structure, with a temperature rise of 85 K estimated when operating in 100 ns pulses at a gradient of 100 MV/m and a surface magnetic field of 890 kA/m. A temperature rise of up to 250 K was estimated for some shots. The iris surfaces, the location of peak electric field, surprisingly had no damage, but the inner rods, the location of the peak magnetic fields and a large temperature rise, had significant damage. Breakdown in accelerator structures is generally understood in terms of electric field effects. These PBG structure results highlight the unexpected role of magnetic fields in breakdown. The hypothesis is presented that the moderate level electric field on the inner rods, about 14 MV/m, is enhanced at small tips and projections caused by pulsed heating, leading to breakdown. Future PBG structures should be built to minimize pulsed surface heating and temperature rise.

  1. Synthesis and design of waveguide band-stop filters without out-of-band spurious responses for plasma diagnosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► A rigorous systematic design process based on circuit synthesis is proposed for band-stop filters. ► The new compact E-plane waveguide structure reduces drastically the unwanted resonances in a very large pass band. ► The manufacturing process together with the computation effort is significantly reduced. ► Experimental results validate the state-of-art electrical responses. - Abstract: Band-stop or notch filters play a crucial role in plasma diagnosis systems to protect receivers from the stray radiation. In this work, a rigorous design process based on circuit synthesis in addition to an extremely compact E-plane waveguide structure is proposed for this kind of filters. On the one hand, the transfer function verifying the rejection specification is analytically obtained, fixing the minimum number of required cavities. On the other hand, a coupling structure that reduces drastically the unwanted resonances in filters with a very large pass band requirement, is presented. This coupling between the rejection cavities and the main rectangular waveguide has additional advantages; (a) unlike typical inductive irises, large coupling coefficients can be implemented (b) a pure E-plane configuration is achieved, which simplifies the manufacturing and also reduces significantly the computational effort. Experimental validation is demonstrated by two pseudo-elliptic fifth-order band-stop filters fabricated and measured in Ka and V bands. In both cases, the filters are free of spurious resonances in their total operation bands.

  2. Coupling between Fano and Bragg bands in photonic band structure of two-dimensional metallic photonic structures

    CERN Document Server

    Markos, Peter

    2016-01-01

    Frequency and transmission spectrum of two-dimensional array of metallic rods is investigated numerically. Based on the recent analysis of the band structure of two-dimensional photonic crystal with dielectric rods [P. Marko\\v{s}, Phys. Rev. A 92 043814 (2015)] we identify two types of bands in the frequency spectrum: Bragg (P) bands resulting from a periodicity and Fano (F) bands which arise from Fano resonances associated with each of the cylinders within the periodic structure. It is shown that the existence of Fano band in a certain frequency range is manifested by a Fano resonance in the transmittance. In particular, we re-examine the symmetry properties of the H- polarized band structure in the frequency range where the spectrum consists of the localized modes associated with the single scatterer resonances and we explore process of formation of Fano bands by identifying individual terms in the expansion of the LCAO states. We demonstrate how the interplay between the two scattering mechanisms affects p...

  3. Tunable Band Gap of Boron Nitride Interfaces under Uniaxial Pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moraes, Elizane; Manhabosco, Taise; de Oliveira, Alan; Batista, Ronaldo

    2013-03-01

    In this work we show, by means of a density functional theory formalism, that the interaction between hydrogen terminated boron nitride surfaces gives rise to a metallic interface with free carries of opposite sign at each surface. A band gap can be induced by decreasing the surface separation. The size of the band gap changes continuously from zero up to 4.4 eV with decreasing separation, which is understood in terms of the interaction between surface states.Due to the high thermal conductivity of cubic boron nitride and the coupling between band gap and applied pressure, such tunable band gap interfaces may be used in high stable electronic and electromechanical devices. In addition, the spacial separation of charge carries at the interface may lead to photovoltaic applications. The authors thank tha brazilian agencies Fapemig, CNPq and Capes

  4. Waterfowl banding, Innoko and Iditarod Rivers, Alaska, 1954

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Pintail, widgeon, shoveler, green-winged teal, mallard, white-fronted goose, and lesser Canada goose are mentioned. Banding conducted in July. Logistics, methods,...

  5. Transactions of a Banding Workshop at Agassiz National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This workshop was held at the Agassiz National Wildlife Refuge, August 2527, 1964; it had two objectives: 1 To explain the purpose of the dewline banding project...

  6. Study of positive parity bands in 137Pr

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper the analysis and interpretation of the positive parity states in 137Pr have been reported. The detailed interpretation with configuration assignments and the calculations for the bands will be reported

  7. L and P Band MMIC T/R Module Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This proposal is specifically written to address the need for improved L and P band T/R modules. The solicitation calls for investigation and development of core...

  8. Photonic band gap engineering in 2D photonic crystals

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Yogita Kalra; R K Sinha

    2006-12-01

    The polarization-dependent photonic band gaps (TM and TE polarizations) in two-dimensional photonic crystals with square lattices composed of air holes in dielectric and vice versa i.e., dielectric rods in air, using the plane-wave expansion method are investigated. We then study, how the photonic band gap size is affected by the changing ellipticity of the constituent air holes/dielectric rods. It is observed that the size of the photonic band gap changes with changing ellipticity of the constituent air holes/dielectric rods. Further, it is reported, how the photonic band gap size is affected by the change in the orientation of the constituent elliptical air holes/dielectric rods in 2D photonic crystals.

  9. Population of the yrast superdeformed band in 194Pb

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The yrast superdeformed (so) band in 194Pb has been populated by means of four fusion-evaporation reactions (184W+16O, 184W+17O, 164Dy+34S, 162Dy+36S) lending to different angular momenta and excitation energies in the various compound nuclei. The yields measured for the so band relative to the total yield of the 194Pb channel do not show any dependence on excitation energies and show only a very weak increase with angular momentum. The feeding pattern of the so band in 194Pb is-compared to similar data for so bands in neighbouring nuclei. All these results can be interpreted by the fission process (an important exit channel for all fusion reactions leading to Pb isotopes) which imposes a very low limit in the angular momentum of the Pb residual nuclei. (author). Letter-to-the-editor

  10. Population of the yrast superdeformed band in {sup 194}Pb

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deloncle, I.; Gall, B.J.P.; Porquet, M.G.; Hannachi, F.; Aiche, M.; Kaci, M.; Schuck, C.; Smith, A.G.; Azaiez, F.; Bourgeois, C.; Duprat, J.; Hojman, D.; Korichi, A.; Sergolle, H.; Perrin, N.; Poffe, N.; Astier, A.; Beraud, R.; Duffait, R.; Le Coz, Y.; Meyer, M.; Redon, N.; Ali, I.; Beausang, C.W.; Dagnall, P.; Joyce, M.J.; Paul, E.S.; Sharpey-Schafer, J.F.; Timmers, H.; Simpson, J.; Clark, R.M.; Hauschild, K.; Wadsworth, R.; Fant, B.; Hubel, H. [CNRS, Orsay (France)

    1995-06-01

    The yrast superdeformed (so) band in {sup 194}Pb has been populated by means of four fusion-evaporation reactions ({sup 184}W+{sup 16}O, {sup 184}W+{sup 17}O, {sup 164}Dy+{sup 34}S, {sup 162}Dy+{sup 36}S) lending to different angular momenta and excitation energies in the various compound nuclei. The yields measured for the so band relative to the total yield of the {sup 194}Pb channel do not show any dependence on excitation energies and show only a very weak increase with angular momentum. The feeding pattern of the so band in {sup 194}Pb is-compared to similar data for so bands in neighbouring nuclei. All these results can be interpreted by the fission process (an important exit channel for all fusion reactions leading to Pb isotopes) which imposes a very low limit in the angular momentum of the Pb residual nuclei. (author). Letter-to-the-editor.

  11. L and P Band MMIC T/R Module Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This proposal is specifically written to address the need for improved L and P band T/R modules for use in active microwave surveillance of earth surface and...

  12. Operational Bright-Band Snow Level Detection Using Doppler Radar

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — A method to detect the bright-band snow level from radar reflectivity and Doppler vertical velocity data collection with an atmospheric profiling Doppler radar. The...

  13. W-band Solid State Transceiver for Cloud Radar Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The proposed work focuses on the evaluation and testing of the W-band SSPA on the current airborne Cloud Radar System (CRS) transceiver so that it can be operated...

  14. Yagi-Uda Antenna For L-Band Frequency Range

    OpenAIRE

    Gulshan Sharma; Anand N. Sharma; Ashish Duvey; P. K. Singhal

    2012-01-01

    A yagi-uda antenna for L-band (1-   2GHz) frequency range is presented. The designing formulas and related antenna characteristics such as return loss, radiation pattern and gain were also discussed in this paper.

  15. Digital Conically Scanned L-Band Radar Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The proposed effort seeks to develop a digitally steered polarimetric phased array L-Band radar utilizing a novel, high performance architecture leveraging recent...

  16. A Novel UWB Antenna with Dual Band-Notched Characteristics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yongfan; Liang, Jiangang; Wu, Goucheng; Xu, Zhiyong; Niu, Xuebin

    2015-11-01

    In this article, started from analyzing the basic principle of band-notched characteristics, a feasibly method used for band-notched antenna is demonstrated and the equivalent circuit for this method is designed. A novel UWB antenna is designed. Based on this method, two stubs which can be equivalent to shorted stubs in parallel configuration are added to realize dual band-notched characteristics. Simulated and measured results all show that the UWB antenna yields an impendence bandwidth of 2.0-10.6 GHz by defining VSWR ≦ 2, and two obvious band-notched functions (3.27-3.83 GHz, 4.60-5.90 GHz) occur at the working bandwidth of WIMAX (3.3-3.7 GHz) and HiperLAN/2 (5.15-5.35 GHz, 5.47-5.725 GHz), so the electromagnetic interference between UWB application and WIMAX, HiperLAN/2 can be suppressed.

  17. The Interacting Boson Model for Anomalous Rotational Bands

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIANCheng-De; LIUDang-Bo; 等

    2002-01-01

    The interacting boson model for anomalous rotational bands is proposed.In the rotational SU(3) limit an asymptotic limit is discussed.Within the framework of the model several analytic relations for energies and electromagnetic transition rates are derived.

  18. Report of banding operations, Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, 1952

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report covers the banding operations in the YukonKuskokwim Delta in 1952. Methods for cacklers, brants, whitefronted goose, and nesting conditions are covered....

  19. Dual-Band Feed for a Microwave Reflector Antenna

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoppe, Daniel; Reilly, Harry

    2005-01-01

    A waveguide feed has been designed to provide specified illumination patterns for a dual-reflector antenna in two wavelength bands: 8 to 9 GHz and 30 to 40 GHz. The feed (see figure) has a coaxial configuration: A wider circular tube surrounds a narrower circular tube that serves as a waveguide for the signals in the 30-to-40-GHz band. The annular space between the narrower and the wider tube serves as a coaxial waveguide for the signals in the 8-to-9-GHz band. The nominal design frequencies of the outer and inner waveguides are 8.45 and 32 GHz, respectively. Each of the two waveguides is terminated in a component that is sized and shaped to help focus the radiation in its respective frequency band into the specified illumination pattern. For the outer waveguide, the beam-shaping termination is a corrugated horn; for the inner waveguide, the beam-shaping termination is a dielectric rod insert.

  20. A Compact Narrow-Band Tunable Optical Transversal Filter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhigang Wu; Katsuyuki Utaka

    2003-01-01

    We present a compact narrow-band tunable optical transversal filter with phase-variable taps. A transmission bandwidth of the comb filter is less than 0.2nm and can be continuously tuned in the entire FSR.