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Sample records for banca universal venezolana

  1. Fusiones y flexibilidad laboral en la banca universal venezolana

    OpenAIRE

    María Candelaria González

    2011-01-01

    El objetivo del presente artículo es describir los cambios en los diferentes tipos de flexibilidad laboral producidos en la banca universal venezolana de capital nacional, a partir del proceso de globalización financiera de 1994; como consecuencia de la desregulación financiera y el mayor uso de las tecnologías. El tipo de investigación es descriptiva y se utilizó un diseño de investigación no experimental, longitudinal, de tendencia; al realizarse el estudio desde 1994 hasta el 2008. Las...

  2. Fusiones y flexibilidad laboral en la banca universal venezolana

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    María Candelaria González

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente artículo es describir los cambios en los diferentes tipos de flexibilidad laboral producidos en la banca universal venezolana de capital nacional, a partir del proceso de globalización financiera de 1994; como consecuencia de la desregulación financiera y el mayor uso de las tecnologías. El tipo de investigación es descriptiva y se utilizó un diseño de investigación no experimental, longitudinal, de tendencia; al realizarse el estudio desde 1994 hasta el 2008. Las fuentes de información utilizadas fueron primarias y secundarias. Se realizó un trabajo de campo en 3 bancos universales, seleccionando una muestra de 30 trabajadores, con un muestreo no probabilístico de tipo intencional; aplicándoles un cuestionario y una entrevista estructurada. Los autores analizados en el desarrollo de la flexibilidad laboral fueron: Coller (1997, Battistini y Montes (2000, Estrada (2004, Urréa (1999 y Castel (1996. Los resultados obtenidos evidencian que existen cambios de tipo numérico, funcional, salarial, de selección de personal, de la relación del sindicato con los trabajadores y con la empresa yen la contratación del personal en las oficinas bancarias

  3. Influencia del entorno sobre el riesgo asociado a la Banca Universal Venezolana

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    Alberto G Castellano Montiel

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available En los últimos años, la situación económica y política del país ha influido enormemente en la situación financiera de muchas empresas, ésto se observa en el gran número de empresas que han cerrado sus puertas desde 1999. A dicha situación no ha escapado el sector financiero el cual ha experimentado el fuerte impacto que estos cambios coyunturales han tenido en la economía del país. Por ello este trabajo pretende identificar la influencia del entorno político económico en el país sobre la situación financiera de la banca universal venezolana. En este sentido se realiza un estudio descriptivo sobre la base de coeficientes de determinación, elaborando para ello un modelo de regresión lineal, utilizando técnicas de evaluación como el análisis discriminante y la metodología de la superintendencia de bancos y otras instituciones financieras, para examinar el riesgo que presenta el sector y cómo ha influido el entorno en esta situación.Para su análisis se asumirá una relación causal entre las variables entorno y situación financiera, realizando un trabajo empírico basado en datos de la banca comercial y universal e información financiera. Todo ello lleva a elaborar conclusiones sobre aspectos tantos internos como externos que afectan al sector bancario específicamente la banca universal venezolana, teniendo como resultado la existencia de un proceso de elásticidad de la situación financiera del sector con respecto al entorno político económico, ocasionando un incremento del riesgo sistemático del sector con respecto a su entorno. Además de la relación existente entre los resultados del análisis discriminante con los resultados de la metodología de la superintendencia de bancos y otras instituciones financieras.

  4. Rentabilidad en la banca universal venezolana: período 2008-2010

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    Marbelis Alejandra Nava Rosillón

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En el sector bancario, la rentabilidad incluye la evaluación de las ganancias con respecto a las operaciones efectuadas para determinar la incidencia de los factores del entorno en la utilidad obtenida. El objetivo de esta investigación es analizar la tendencia de los indicadores de rentabilidad de la banca universal en Venezuela durante el período 2008-2010, en promedio por estratos agrupados según las captaciones del público. Es un estudio descriptivo con diseño documental y dimensión longitudinal de tendencia. Los resultados muestran rendimiento promedio de la cartera de crédito similar entre los estratos de la banca privada; la banca pública y el estrato pequeño de la banca privada mostraron la mayor rentabilidad en sus inversiones en títulos valores. También, la banca pública alcanzó mayor rentabilidad con respecto al costo bruto de sus pasivos pero más bajo margen financiero por la intermediación. El estrato grande obtuvo el mayor rendimiento de sus inversiones en activos y patrimonio. La banca privada muestra mayor rentabilidad y eficiencia que la banca pública. Se infieren niveles de rentabilidad satisfactorios sin diferencias significativas entre los estratos, cuya tendencia es creciente al inicio del período estudiado y decreciente al final.

  5. Rentabilidad en la banca universal venezolana: período 2008-2010

    OpenAIRE

    Marbelis Alejandra Nava Rosillón

    2013-01-01

    En el sector bancario, la rentabilidad incluye la evaluación de las ganancias con respecto a las operaciones efectuadas para determinar la incidencia de los factores del entorno en la utilidad obtenida. El objetivo de esta investigación es analizar la tendencia de los indicadores de rentabilidad de la banca universal en Venezuela durante el período 2008-2010, en promedio por estratos agrupados según las captaciones del público. Es un estudio descriptivo con diseño documental y dimensión longi...

  6. Implicaciones de la política económica en el riesgo asociado a la banca comercial y universal venezolana. Período 1998-2002

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    Antonio Soto

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo se centra en determinar el impacto de las políticas económicas en el riesgo asociado a la banca comercial y universal venezolana durante el período 1998-2002, específicamente en lo referente al riesgo de liquidez, sectorial y cambiario. A través de una investigación de tipo descriptivo-observacional, los resultados revelan que este importante segmento del sector financiero presentó una exposición al riesgo sectorial; mientras que los riesgos de liquidez y cambiario fueron controlados dada la efectividad de la política económica.

  7. Utilidad de las Normas Internacionales de Información financiera en la banca venezolana

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    José Baudillo Arellano Morales

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo analiza la utilidad de las Normas Internacionales de Información Financiera en los estados financieros así como su uso en la banca venezolana en la toma de decisiones para la concesión de créditos . En Venezuela, hay obligatoriedad de aplicación de dichas Normas a partir del 1 de enero de 2008 para grandes empresas y del 1 de enero de 2011 para Pequeñas y Medianas Empresas. A la fecha de la presente investigación ( j ulio 2012, esta disposición debe cumplirse. Se aplicó un cuestionario a las entidades financieras presentes en El Vigía, Mérida y se determinó que: l a banca considera que los estados financieros son comprensibles, r elevantes, fiables e integrales; a lgunas entidades bancarias no solicitan estados financieros anualmente. ; l a base de medición es cost os históricos y valor razonable. Las notas revelatorias no se emiten en la totalidad de los casos.

  8. Incidencia de la banca universal en el sistema financiero venezolano

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    Marbelis Alejandra Nava Rosillón

    2011-01-01

    La banca universal es un modelo de banca que ofrece servicios integrales y múltiples con alta eficiencia operativa, mejor gestión de infraestructura y sistemas actualizados para mayor satisfacción de los clientes. Inicia en Venezuela en los años noventa en la búsqueda de modernizar las instituciones financieras. Por ello, esta investigación tiene como objetivo analizar la incidencia de la banca universal en el sistema financiero venezolano ante la fuerte crisis financiera de 1994-1995. Se tra...

  9. Incidencia de la banca universal en el sistema financiero venezolano

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    Marbelis Alejandra Nava Rosillón

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La banca universal es un modelo de banca que ofrece servicios integrales y múltiples con alta eficiencia operativa, mejor gestión de infraestructura y sistemas actualizados para mayor satisfacción de los clientes. Inicia en Venezuela en los años noventa en la búsqueda de modernizar las instituciones financieras. Por ello, esta investigación tiene como objetivo analizar la incidencia de la banca universal en el sistema financiero venezolano ante la fuerte crisis financiera de 1994-1995. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo con diseño documental. La banca universal dio paso a transformaciones, fusiones y adquisiciones de las instituciones financieras especializadas. El Grupo Provincial y Mercantil fueron los primeros en transformarse en banco universal. Hoy, esta banca posee la mayor participación en el Sistema Bancario Nacional, con 45% de instituciones; 86,79% de oficinas; 86,33% de trabajadores; 36,2% entidades con capital privado, 8,5% con capital público y altas captaciones. Se concluye que esta banca ha favorecido el sistema financiero venezolano en el largo plazo logrando su mayor fortalecimiento y un mejor funcionamiento mediante una nueva cultura organizacional, generación de empleo, mayor solidez, confianza y credibilidad de ahorristas e inversionistas.

  10. Ética y socialización en la banca pública venezolana

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    José Javier García

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available La presente investigación tiene como finalidad analizar la ética y la socialización en la banca pública. Se desarrollaron dos categorías como lo son ética y la socialización en la banca pública. El basamento teórico plantea que una sociedad sin ética y valores no puede evolucionar en un entorno globalizado como el actual. Asimismo, la ética es la exigencia moral y, en el ámbito empresarial, se caracteriza porque la buena intención personal no es suficiente cuando se tienen que tomar decisiones en las que entran en juego las decisiones de otros individuos según la lógica de una empresa guiada por el mecanismo del mercado y del lucro. En este sentido, la socialización es la transmisión de cultura, la inserción social que introduce al individuo en el grupo convirtiéndolo en un miembro colectivo que respete las normas internas de la institución y de la convivencia. Esta investigación se desarrolló bajo una metodología descriptiva, cualitativa, no experimental, utilizando un enfoque interpretativo, con el objetivo de que cada empleado se apegue a las normas internas de estas organizaciones bancarias, que su conducta sea ética, ya que esta constituye una de las bases fundamentales para garantizar el éxito del proyecto de socialización en la banca pública. Palabras clave: Ética; socialización; valores; exigencia moral.Ethics and socialization in the venezuelan public bankingAbstractThe purpose of this investigational work is to analyze the ethics, and socialization in the public banking. Two categories were developed such as ethics and socialization in public banks, the theoretical basement poses that a society lacking ethics and principles cannot progress in a globalized environment such as the actual one. Also, ethics is the primary social demand, which at a business level; it should be assumed that “noble intentions” are not enough when there are decisions to make in which there are other individual’s decisions to

  11. La fusión bancaria en Venezuela. Importancia de las TIC en la banca universal y microfinanciera nacional

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    Flor Villalobos de Bastidas

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Con la entrada en vigencia de la Ley de Instituciones del Sector Bancario en el año 2010, se prevé que se produzcan transformaciones y fusiones de bancos bajo los modelos de banca universal, por la cual se realizan todas las operaciones de intermediación financiera y sus servicios conexos y de banca microfinanciera cuyo objeto principal es fomentar, financiar y promover las actividades de producción de bienes y servicios de las pequeñas empresas industriales y comerciales, de los microempresarios y microempresas y de la economía popular alternativa. En tal sentido, el objetivo del presente artículo es el anlisis de la fusión en las entidades bancarias venezolanas y la importancia de las tecnologías de la información y comunicación (TIC como recurso que dinamiza el proceso de fusión así como su relevante aplicación en la banca universal y microfinanciera. En cuanto a la metodología se revisaron fuentes documentales y electrónicas, realizndose una investigación descriptiva y cualitativa de la actualidad bancaria venezolana. Los resultados permiten afirmar que la fusión bancaria en Venezuela es un proceso regulado por el Estado, en el cual intervienen los recursos tecnológicos tanto como factor que dinamiza el proceso de fusión como de herramientas estratégicas para la fluidez de las operaciones de intermediación financiera. Como conclusiones se señala que en los nuevos escenarios de la banca venezolana se despliegan las innovaciones tecnológicas como instrumentos que generan nuevas opciones de negocios y que su aplicación constituye desafío del sector bancario venezolano para ofrecer a los usuarios un amplio catlogo de productos y servicios financieros, realizadas hoy día con flexibilidad, agilidad y la comodidad que demanda la sociedad actual.

  12. Estrategias de lealtad de clientes en la banca universal

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    María Virginia Baptista

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación parte de los resultados obtenidos en el estudio previo sobre segmentación de lealtad de clientes de la banca universal en el municipio Libertador del estado de Mérida (Venezuela, considerando las dimensiones de satisfacción y compromiso. El objetivo principal es proponer estrategias dirigidas a incrementar los niveles de satisfacción y compromiso en cada segmento identificado en dicho estudio. A través de la investigación cuantitativa apoyada en el análisis estadístico correlacional se analizan los atributos que los usuarios consideraron más importantes y que al mismo tiempo no valoraron satisfacto- riamente; asimismo, se identifican las fallas del servicio en estos atributos, elementos del compromiso que tuviesen baja presencia y las correlaciones moderadas positivas entre satisfacción y compromiso. Todo esto permite proponer estrategias en el contexto del marketing relacional que pueden ser adoptadas por la banca para mejorar la lealtad de sus clientes.

  13. Mercadeo interno para optimizar la calidad de servicio en la banca universal

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    Ronald Prieto

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available La adopción del mercadeo interno, propicia ventajas competitivas, sostenibles para la empresa y servicios de calidad a sus clientes. Por ello, el objetivo del presente artículo fue analizar el mercadeo interno como factor clave para la optimización de la calidad de servicio ofrecida por la Banca Universal en Maracaibo-Venezuela. El estudio está soportado en un paradigma cuantitativo, desde un enfoque positivista; de tipo descriptivo, desarrollado bajo un diseño no experimental, de campo, transversal. La población está constituida por los cinco principales bancos a nivel nacional. Se aplicó un muestreo no probabilístico por conveniencia, teniendo como fuentes un total de 140 individuos. La información se recopilo a través de dos cuestionarios estructurados, uno para la variable mercadeo interno conformado por 46 ítems, otro para la variable calidad de servicio constituido por 18 items. Ambos instrumentos estuvieron formalizados y estandarizados, obteniendo una con¿abilidad de r=0,94 y 0.89 respectivamente. Los resultados detectaron de¿ciencias en las necesidades del personal; irregularidades en la comunicación entre gerentes y supervisores con el personal operativo, fallas en los aspectos motivacionales y en la formación del trabajador, generando descontento, tanto en los clientes internos como externos. Concluyendo que deben generarse relaciones de con¿anza entre el personal, brindar participación a los trabajadores en la toma de decisiones, potencializando las acciones de mercadeo interno en las instituciones bancarias, lo que se traduce en la optimización del servicio a sus usuarios.

  14. Condiciones de trabajo y salud de una universidad venezolana Work and health conditions at a Venezuelan university

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    Maritza Rojas-Martini

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Identificar los procesos peligrosos a los que están expuestos los trabajadores de una universidad venezolana como consecuencia de sus actividades laborales. Material y métodos. Se realizó un diagnóstico de las condiciones de exposición laboral de los trabajadores de una universidad venezolana (UN, de sus potenciales procesos peligrosos (PP y de sus causas, mediante un estudio de corte transversal, efectuado en 1999. Se estudiaron 90 trabajadores de uno u otro sexo, pertenecientes a 24 áreas clasificadas como críticas por las autoridades de la UN. Se aplicaron una encuesta de área y una personal. En ésta, se investigaron características demográficas, historia clínica ocupacional, procesos peligrosos ocupacionales, uso de equipos de protección personal (EPP, conocimiento de riesgos laborales y hábitos. Se practicaron exámenes clínico-toxicológicos, entre otros. Se identificaron los principales PP químicos, físicos, biológicos, mecánicos, ergonómicos y psicosociales y el grado de riesgo (GR por cada área. Se aplicaron medidas de tendencia central y de dispersión, así como también medidas de asociación y significancia estadística, pertinentes a cada caso. Resultados. Se obtuvo una correlación positiva, significativa entre la antigüedad en la UN y el número de signos y síntomas referidos por los trabajadores, pero no entre estos últimos y la edad o el sexo. Los síntomas en su mayoría resultaron no específicos. Conclusiones. En la UN se presentan variados procesos potencialmente peligrosos en las diferentes áreas laborales debido a las características inherentes a su misión. Se hacen las recomendaciones pertinentes para instaurar programas que den prioridad a las acciones preventivas, que lleven registros adecuados sobre siniestralidad laboral, morbilidad y mortalidad, y que permitan la detección temprana de enfermedades y accidentes ocupacionales.Objective. To identify occupational exposure to hazards

  15. Liderazgo en organizaciones venezolanas

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    Carmen Teresa Loaiza; Ligia Pirela

    2015-01-01

    El presente artículo tiene como objetivo analizar el liderazgo en organizaciones venezolanas; se presentan conceptos de líder y liderazgo y se revisan teorías tradicionales y enfoques contemporáneos. Finalmente se indaga sobre estilos de liderazgo presentes en organizaciones venezolanas insertas en los sectores: educativo, pequeña y mediana industria y empresarial. La investigación es teórico-documental, el diseño es bibliográfico y la técnica es documental. Se consultan autores como Bennis y...

  16. Liderazgo en organizaciones venezolanas

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    Carmen Teresa Loaiza

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo tiene como objetivo analizar el liderazgo en organizaciones venezolanas; se presentan conceptos de líder y liderazgo y se revisan teorías tradicionales y enfoques contemporáneos. Finalmente se indaga sobre estilos de liderazgo presentes en organizaciones venezolanas insertas en los sectores: educativo, pequeña y mediana industria y empresarial. La investigación es teórico-documental, el diseño es bibliográfico y la técnica es documental. Se consultan autores como Bennis y Nanus (1985, Bass y Avolio (1994, Echeverría (2006, Echeverría (2011, Lussier y Achúa (2005 y Goleman et al (2005, Robbins (2009, Bittel y Newstron (1993, entre otros para caracterizar los aspectos más representativos sobre la variable en estudio, así como investigaciones de organizaciones venezolanas. Entre los hallazgos se encuentra una tendencia a requerir líderes más fortalecidos y orientados a la competitividad, con visión transformadora y promotores de confianza, de participación, de conocimiento y de actitud favorable, traducida en optimismo. Líderes innovadores y que otorguen empowerment a su gente, empáticos al definir sus estrategias y flexibles en la ejecución de las mismas. El líder venezolano como un privilegiado en creatividad y potencialidad de innovación así como emprendedor.

  17. Banca March - Palma de Mallorca

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    Lafita Pardo, F.

    1977-10-01

    Full Text Available This building constitutes the 1st stage of the overall project and houses the bank offices, with: cultural part, homes for wardens and apartments for organization staff. The 2nd stage —which will be built later— will include: shop premises, offices, hotel use, homes and apartments. The block has been arranged in an open style, definitely benefiting users and for the town generally. The article describes the urbanistic solution adopted, the layout and justification of each floor, as well as accesses and circulation, outdoor and inside finishing of the 1st stage of the building, all intended for the Banca March.No disponible

  18. El Margen y los Costos para la Banca Venezolana (1986 y 2000

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    Daniel Lahoud

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available This model is a heterodox approach to understand the various distortions that the Venezuelan banking business experienced between the years of 1986 through 2000 when a high differential between interest rates was established. By means of financial ratios, this analysis tries to explain the source of the problem which was caused in part by managerial problems, client habits, and last but not least important, by the monetary policy applied by the Central Bank.

  19. EL MARGEN Y LOS COSTOS PARA LA BANCA VENEZOLANA (1986 y 2000

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    Daniel Lahoud

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Este modelo es un enfoque de análisis heterodoxo que permite descifrar diversas distorsiones que se viven en el mercado bancario venezolano desde 1986 hasta 2000. En dicho período se estableció un elevado diferencial entre las tasas pasivas y activas, el estudio intenta explicar por medio de indicadores financieros el origen de ese problema, en parte causado por la ineficiencia gerencial de la gerencia bancaria, en parte por la cultura de sus clientes y en último, no menos importante en las prácticas políticas del banco central.

  20. Gestor de calidad Banca Electrónica

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    Molina Arboledas, Blai; Talló Sendra, Marc

    2011-01-01

    Creación de un aplicativo Web que gestione las necesidades de un departamento de calidad de servicios de banca electrónica. Creació d'un aplicatiu Web que gestioni les necessitats d'un departament de qualitat de serveis de banca electrònica.

  1. Las microempresas venezolanas en los noventa

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    Carlos Eduardo López C.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo explora el apoyo de las gobernaciones venezolanas a las microempresas durante los años noventa, desde los inicios de la reestructuración económica y la descentralización. Se encontró: 1 clara tendencia de subordinación de las micro a las empresas de mayor tamaño, 2 apoyo financiero, técnico y comercial a las microempresas, como parte de un Plan Nacional de Enfrentamiento a la Pobreza, 3 inserción de las gobernaciones en este Plan a través de la descentralización y de acciones paralelas (independientes del gobierno nacional para apoyar a las microempresas. Se concluye que, habiendo sido promovidas formalmente para solucionar la pobreza, las políticas descentralizadoras favorecieron el papel de las microempresas en la acumulación.

  2. Giorgio Ambrosoli e il fallimento della Banca privata italiana di Michele Sindona. La Prima relazione del commissario liquidatore

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    Ottavio D'Addea

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available At the end of the Sixties the banker Michele Sindona introduces in italian economy new tools to hide a comprehensive system based on the control of financial companies in tax havens in Europe. In 1972 he merged in Italy Banca Unione with Banca Privata Finanziaria in Banca Privata Italiana. In 1974, following Franklin National Bank failure too, also fails both the attempt of refinancing Finambro and Banca Privata Italiana. The liquidator of Banca Privata Italiana Giorgio Ambrosoli reconstructs the causes of failure reacting to crack bank to process for bankruptcy against Sindona in Italy and in the States.

  3. SOCIEDADES COOPERATIVAS DE BANCA ALTERNATIVA/COOPERATIVES OF ALTERNATIVE BANKING

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    Mª José CABALEIRO CASAL

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Actualmente se evidencia en España una reorientación solidaria de una parte de la oferta de servicios financieros, que prioriza el compromiso social de su actividad sin descuidar, por ello, la viabilidad económica. Este modelo de hacer banca se identifica bajo la denominación genérica de banca alternativa, ética, social o solidaria y constituye un planteamiento bancario distinto del enfoque tradicional. Este trabajo pretende destacar la idoneidad de la sociedad cooperativa para el desarrollo de banca alternativa. Su naturaleza jurídica y sus normas de funcionamiento permiten potenciar la utilidad social de la actividad bancaria. La dualidad de sus socios elimina eslabones de la cadena de intermediación y destina los recursos propios a la financiación de proyectos socialmente responsables, en un camino en el que la economía financiera y la economía real avanzan muy próximos./Currently in Spain we are witnessing an ethical reorientation of a part of the offer of financial services which gives priority to the social commitment without losing economic viability. This banking model known as alternative banking also known as ethical, social or sustainable banking is distinct from traditional banking. This work wishes to highlight the ideal conditions of cooperatives for the development of alternative banking. Its legal nature and its functional regulations enhance the social utility of the banking activity. The double condition of the partners eliminates intermediaries and allocates directly equity towards financing socially responsible projects, in a way that the financial economy and the real economy advance together.

  4. Kalmanovitz y la Banca central / Kalmanovitz and central banking

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    Maya Muñoz, Guillermo

    2004-01-01

    Salomón Kalmanovitz, Codirector del Banco de la República (B de la R) hasta enero de 2005, uno de los economistas colombianos más brillantes, publicó un libro titulado Ensayos sobre Banca Central, Comportamiento, Independencia e Historia (Norma, 2003). Si los estudiantes de economía de los años 70 y 80 estudiaron a un Kalmanovitz marxista, los estudiantes de hoy estudian a un economista ortodoxo y liberal, igualmente brillante. Kalmanovitz es un partidario de la independencia de la BC para la...

  5. THE PROCESS OF SOCIO-COMMUNITY FORMATION IN VENEZUELAN UNIVERSITIES: A PERSPECTIVE FOR IMPROVEMENT / EL PROCESO DE FORMACIÓN SOCIO COMUNITARIA EN UNIVERSIDADES VENEZOLANAS: UNA PERSPECTIVA PARA SU PERFECCIONAMIENTO

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    Edgar Antonio Rangel Parra

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The research responds to the need for a new vision of curriculum management in the process of socio community formation of the university students, with the aim of contributing to overcome shortcomings in the community service they perform in Venezuela, which limits their training as a mutual transformational process to social development. This research, promotes and develops the critical and constructive reflection on concepts, principles and mechanisms that characterize the process of socio community training as a perspective that can undertake the development of community service of Venezuelan higher education students, once established by the "law of community service for the students of higher education" (2005 finally revealing the challenges that it poses to the guidance and management of the curriculum in the training of professionals of all races. Address the various elements which serve as basis for the process of socio-community training of the University student, with emphasis on its epistemological aspects that serve as support to the main results of the research. The study has allowed revealing the need for curriculum management supported from the epistemological and axiological essence of University social responsibility for the process of training partner community of the College student in relation to the diversity of the professional context. The current inconsistencies do not ensure a sufficient level of systematization in the process of socio community formation and curricular management from the relationship: University - University social responsibility - community and their integration with the University management.

  6. THE PROCESS OF SOCIO-COMMUNITY FORMATION IN VENEZUELAN UNIVERSITIES: A PERSPECTIVE FOR IMPROVEMENT / EL PROCESO DE FORMACIÓN SOCIO COMUNITARIA EN UNIVERSIDADES VENEZOLANAS: UNA PERSPECTIVA PARA SU PERFECCIONAMIENTO

    OpenAIRE

    Edgar Antonio Rangel Parra; Alejandro Eleodoro Estrabao Pérez; José Raúl Díaz Lópe

    2013-01-01

    The research responds to the need for a new vision of curriculum management in the process of socio community formation of the university students, with the aim of contributing to overcome shortcomings in the community service they perform in Venezuela, which limits their training as a mutual transformational process to social development. This research, promotes and develops the critical and constructive reflection on concepts, principles and mechanisms that characterize the process of socio...

  7. THE NATIONAL PROGRAM OF TRAINING SYSTEMS QUALITY AND ENVIRONMENT. CURRICULAR TRANSFORMATION AN EXPERIENCE IN UNDER THE UNIVERSITY NEW VENEZUELAN / EL PROGRAMA NACIONAL DE FORMACIÓN EN SISTEMAS DE CALIDAD Y AMBIENTE. UNA EXPERIENCIA DE TRANSFORMACIÓN CURRICULAR EN EL MARCO DE LA NUEVA UNIVERSIDAD VENEZOLANA

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    Mayra Rosario Moreno Pino

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The Venezuelan university before the Bolivarian Revolution was characterized by institutional behavior that essentially promoted the exclusion for income level, university management linked to capitalist bourgeois interests, outdated laws remained in force and decontextualized, in its generality, the practice of university graduates was reproductive foreign models characteristic of the capitalist system. This reality has been changing radically progressive and after the enactment of the Constitution of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela in 1999, the creation of the Bolivarian University, the Sucre Mission, Mission Alma Mater, the decree of Education Law, among other initiatives of the Bolivarian government. In this reality, originates the National Training Program in Quality Systems and Environment (PNFSCA as a college project, designed for a social, political, economic and cultural different: XXI century socialism. This paper aims to present the experience of reconstruction curriculum of this PNFSCA, through the joint efforts of Venezuelan and Cuban specialists in the areas of quality, environment and curriculum. As main results are, first, the determination of PNFSCA links with the Simón Bolívar National Project 2007-2013, curricular reconstruction of their goals, objectives, structure, curriculum, professional profiles and development of several programs Synoptics. Finally done, as a proposal, design and presentation of a master in the same program, aimed at teachers who administer it.RESUMENLa universidad venezolana antes de la Revolución Bolivariana se caracterizó por un comportamiento institucional que esencialmente promovía la exclusión para el ingreso al nivel, una gestión universitaria ligada a intereses de la burguesía capitalista, mantuvo en vigencia leyes obsoletas y descontextualizadas; en su generalidad, la práctica de los egresados universitarios era reproductora de modelos foráneos característicos del sistema

  8. Banca ética : principales diferencias con la banca tradicional y evolución tras la crisis = Ethical banking : differences with traditional bank and evolution after the crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez López, Marcos

    2013-01-01

    La Banca Ética se presenta como una alternativa a la actual inestabilidad del sistema financiero tradicional, desarrollando su actividad en pro de un beneficio tanto económico como social y medioambiental. Pero, ¿es realmente posible una Banca Ética? ¿con que políticas la banca cree poder llegar a esa meta? ¿cuál ha sido la evolución de sus indicadores de actividad y desempeño a raíz de la crisis? El objeto de este trabajo es tratar de dar respuesta a dichas cuestiones. Para ello, tras aclara...

  9. Alfabetización informacional en las bibliotecas universitarias venezolanas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Uribe

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Ante las posibilidades de acceso a enormes recursos de información que facilitan los medios digitales, la formación en competencias informacionales representa uno de los retos actuales de las bibliotecas universitarias, pero además es una respuesta a la necesidad de conocer y aplicar mejores criterios de selección, evaluación y recuperación de información pertinente y de calidad. Ante esta situación, las bibliotecas universitarias iberoamericanas han ido poco a poco incorporando esta formación, bien sea desde programas-cursos ofrecidos desde la biblioteca o mediante el trabajo colaborativo con docentes y facultades en los currículos universitarios. Este trabajo aborda la metodología de análisis de contenidos Web para hacer una revisión de la información que presentan las bibliotecas universitarias venezolanas, en relación con esta actividad fundamental de formación; y así, desde esta perspectiva, avizorar los niveles de incorporación de las competencias informacionales (Alfabetización Informacional, que desde sus sitios Web estarán exhibiendo las universidades. Como resultados, se encuentra que aún la formación en estas competencias como servicio fundamental de las bibliotecas universitarias venezolanas, no ha sido asumida ampliamente y se concluye que hay mucho trabajo por realizar, pero se reconoce que recientemente existe un mayor interés por esta temática.

  10. Cobertura financiera de la banca de desarrollo para el sector rural de México: FIRA y Financiera Rural

    OpenAIRE

    Maricela De La Vega Mena; Vinicio Horacio Santoyo Cortés; Manrrubio Muñoz Rodríguez; J. Reyes Altamirano Cárdenas

    2014-01-01

    En México, el financiamiento al sector rural se sustenta en los Fideicomisos Instituidos en Relación a la Agricultura y en la Finan - ciera Rural, instituciones que conforman la banca de desarrollo para este sector y cuyo propósito esencial es el fomento productivo. Este trabajo analiza la cobertura financiera de la banca de desarrollo en el sector rural en sus dimensiones de amplitud, profundidad, alcance y permanencia. Por la investigación se concluye que la banca de desarrollo del sector r...

  11. Condiciones de trabajo y salud de una universidad venezolana

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    Rojas-Martini Maritza

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Identificar los procesos peligrosos a los que están expuestos los trabajadores de una universidad venezolana como consecuencia de sus actividades laborales. Material y métodos. Se realizó un diagnóstico de las condiciones de exposición laboral de los trabajadores de una universidad venezolana (UN, de sus potenciales procesos peligrosos (PP y de sus causas, mediante un estudio de corte transversal, efectuado en 1999. Se estudiaron 90 trabajadores de uno u otro sexo, pertenecientes a 24 áreas clasificadas como críticas por las autoridades de la UN. Se aplicaron una encuesta de área y una personal. En ésta, se investigaron características demográficas, historia clínica ocupacional, procesos peligrosos ocupacionales, uso de equipos de protección personal (EPP, conocimiento de riesgos laborales y hábitos. Se practicaron exámenes clínico-toxicológicos, entre otros. Se identificaron los principales PP químicos, físicos, biológicos, mecánicos, ergonómicos y psicosociales y el grado de riesgo (GR por cada área. Se aplicaron medidas de tendencia central y de dispersión, así como también medidas de asociación y significancia estadística, pertinentes a cada caso. Resultados. Se obtuvo una correlación positiva, significativa entre la antigüedad en la UN y el número de signos y síntomas referidos por los trabajadores, pero no entre estos últimos y la edad o el sexo. Los síntomas en su mayoría resultaron no específicos. Conclusiones. En la UN se presentan variados procesos potencialmente peligrosos en las diferentes áreas laborales debido a las características inherentes a su misión. Se hacen las recomendaciones pertinentes para instaurar programas que den prioridad a las acciones preventivas, que lleven registros adecuados sobre siniestralidad laboral, morbilidad y mortalidad, y que permitan la detección temprana de enfermedades y accidentes ocupacionales.

  12. El papel de la banca pública en las crisis financieras de Argentina y Uruguay

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    Wesley Marshall

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es subrayar la naturaleza contracíclica de la banca pública comercial. Esto se hará mediante un análisis histórico de las crisis bancarias en Argentina y Uruguay a principios del siglo xxi. Este tipo de banco abarcó en Argentina varios actores cruciales dentro de las exitosas políticas de resolución de crisis y de reestructuración financiera; mientras en Uruguay, la banca pública comercial tuvo un papel menor durante la fase de resolución de la crisis, pero jugó un papel fundamental en la minimización de los riesgos del sistema financiero que en parte provocaron la crisis de 2002.

  13. Agencia de la Banca Sud-americana del Brasil, S.A. en Capivari

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    Levi, Primo

    1963-09-01

    Full Text Available This building has two blocks, one for the Banks' installations and the other is the manager's house. The building has a concrete and steel compound structure. The walls are brick, the flooring is a reinforced concrete slab and hollow bricks, and the roof consists of corrugated fibrocement sheeting. The bank block walls have been faced, both internally and externally, with cement tiles, 15 x 15 cms in size, of the same type that are employed for the flooring. The design is grey on white background. The ceiling of the bank hall is fitted with acoustical material (2.5 cms of glass wool on Duralex perforated slabs, to reduce reverberation. This measure was necessary because of the relatively large height of the hall. The walls are cylindrically curved and have a smooth and hard surface.El edificio consta de dos cuerpos: uno para las instalaciones de la Banca, y el otro para la vivienda del gerente. La estructura es mixta, a base de hormigón armado y acero; los muros, de ladrillo; el techo, ejecutado en losa de hormigón armado y ladrillos huecos, y la cubierta es de flbrocemento ondulado. Los muros de los cuerpos de la Banca han sido revestidos, interior y exteriormente, con baldosas de cemento, de 15x15 cm, del tipo empleado para el suelo. El dibujo es gris sobre fondo blanco. El techo de la sala de la Banca va acondicionado con material acústico (a base de 2,5 cm de lana de vidrio sobre placas perforadas de Duralex para reducir la reverberación. Esta medida venía impuesta dada la altura relativamente grande y los muros en curva revestidos de material liso y duro.

  14. EL Margen Financiero de La Banca Comercial en México 1995-2005

    OpenAIRE

    Jesús Castillo Rendón; José Luís Martínez Marca

    2007-01-01

    El presente articulo forma parte del trabajo docente y de investigación de los autores que laboran en la FES-ARAGON en la carrera de economía, el trabajo se enfoca a conocer cual ha sido la evolución actual del margen financiero de la banca comercial en México después de la crisis financiera de 1995 y como ello afectó su funcionamiento por cuanto se refiere a su papel principal de promover el financiamiento a la actividad productiva en la economía. En este sentido, se establece co...

  15. Inteligencia de negocios en la banca nacional: Un enfoque basado en herramientas analíticas

    OpenAIRE

    Arlenys Roo Huerta; Neida Boscán Romero

    2012-01-01

    Desde el punto de vista tecnológico, la inteligencia de negocios implica el proceso de conversión de datos relevantes en información útil para la toma de decisiones estratégicas. El objetivo central del presente artículo es analizar la inteligencia de negocios en la banca nacional, desde la perspectiva de las herramientas analíticas, representadas por los servicios de transformación de datos, los procesos de análisis en línea, los servicios de explotación y el almacén de datos. Este estudio s...

  16. Estrategias de internacionalización de la gran banca española

    OpenAIRE

    María del Pilar Sierra Fernández

    2007-01-01

    La timidez con la que comenzaron a internacionalizarse los bancos españoles, integrantes tanto del actual grupo BBVA como del Santander, aplicando estrategias defensivas y reducidos volúmenes de recursos y riesgos comprometidos, difícilmente hacían presagiar la intensidad y agresividad que ha adquirido en las dos últimas décadas, y que han convertido a dicho proceso en una decisión estratégica de crecimiento para la gran banca española.De forma gradual, tanto el BBVA como el Santander, se han...

  17. Las respuestas emocionales del visitante de un sitio web de banca on line

    OpenAIRE

    Lozano Gutierrez, María del Carmen; Fuentes Martín, Federico

    2005-01-01

    En el presente documento de trabajo se analizan los elementos emocionales que influyen en el comportamiento del usuario de un sitio web de banca on line, con la finalidad de comprender mejor las bajas tasas de uso de estos servicios en España. El apoyo científico de la lógica difusa , y las principales conclusiones obtenidas al aplicar su metodología nos permitirá evaluar la importancia que las emociones tiene en la toma de decisiones, y servirá de apoyo a investigaciones empírica...

  18. La accesibilidad de las páginas web de la banca española

    OpenAIRE

    González Perogil, Juan

    2016-01-01

    La presente tesis se encuadra enmarcada dentro del programa de doctorado denominado Gestión y Economía de las Pymes IV. Con el objetivo de finalizar los estudios de tercer ciclo, el doctorando emprendió la tediosa labor de presentar una investigación en el marco de los sistemas de información. Por ello, el proyecto que se planteó fue el análisis de la situación actual de la banca electrónica y su accesibilidad web. Con este trabajo tratamos de presenta una investigación novedosa, por su...

  19. Manejo de sacudidas petroleras negativas: la experiencia venezolana en los años 80

    OpenAIRE

    Ricardo Hausmann

    1995-01-01

    (Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) La experiencia venezolana en los años 80 es un terreno especialmente fértil para el análisis de sacudidas negativas. Se produjeron dos sacudidas de gran magnitud en regímenes de control muy distintos, lo que puso de manifiesto el papel que desempeña la estructura institucional en la determinación de la respuesta. Además, la experiencia puede arrojar una luz distinta sobre la conveniencia de regímenes cambiarios alternativos de países sujetos a sacudida...

  20. Construcción ideológica de la violencia delictiva en la prensa venezolana

    OpenAIRE

    PEDRO DAVID AGUILLÓN VALE

    2010-01-01

    El propósito de este artículo es explicar, desde el análisis crítico, cómo la prensa escrita venezolana construye la ideología en los textos noticiosos que se refieren a la violencia delictiva. El estudio está fundamentado en las categorías básicas del análisis social del discurso que plantea Van Dijk (1999a, 1999b, 2003, 2005), las cuales se aplican a 129 textos publicados en las páginas de "sucesos" de cuatro periódicos venezolanos.

  1. Construcción ideológica de la violencia delictiva en la prensa venezolana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PEDRO DAVID AGUILLÓN VALE

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este artículo es explicar, desde el análisis crítico, cómo la prensa escrita venezolana construye la ideología en los textos noticiosos que se refieren a la violencia delictiva. El estudio está fundamentado en las categorías básicas del análisis social del discurso que plantea Van Dijk (1999a, 1999b, 2003, 2005, las cuales se aplican a 129 textos publicados en las páginas de "sucesos" de cuatro periódicos venezolanos.

  2. ANÁLISIS DE OBRAS MUSICALES VENEZOLANAS Y EUROPEAS DE LOS SIGLOS XVIII, XIX Y XX REFERENTES AL REINO ANIMAL

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    Naudy Trujillo Muscia

    2012-09-01

    venezolanos y europeos de los siglos XVIII, XIX y XX. Los resultados indican a las aves silvestres como las más tratadas en piezas musicales tanto en Europa como en Venezuela; manifiestan también una proporción mayor de piezas musicales que tratan los animales de producción versus animales domésticos en Venezuela, mostrándose lo contrario en el continente europeo. Se concluye, en primer lugar, que tanto en Venezuela como en Europa, la cultura humana busca enaltecer la fauna silvestre, ya sea de forma naturalista o romántica; se confirma el fuerte arraigo de la mentalidad agropecuaria venezolana y su importancia en el desarrollo de la cultura nacional a la par que en Europa; los resultados reflejan el poco contacto con áreas verdes abiertas y sistemas de producción agropecuarios que poseían los compositores y público académico de la época. Esta investigación fomenta la interdisciplinariedad en la sociedad científica venezolana, haciendo aportes científicos al desarrollo de la cultura, además de servir a docentes, terapeutas musicales, historiadores y la sociedad en general en sus investigaciones y ocupaciones al generar nuevas preguntas en el campo científico de la psiquis humana dentro de la relación hombre/animal y brindar nuevos conocimientos a la ciencia histórica de la Medicina Veterinaria y la Música Universal.

  3. Los repositorios institucionales y su importancia en las Universidades Venezolanas

    OpenAIRE

    Texier, Jose

    2015-01-01

    Put into context the concept of institutional repositories, its relation to open access, its impact on the web rankings and its importance in Venezuelan universities. Similarly, the Venezuelan legal framework that allows the implementation of repositories in public institutions in the country is listed.

  4. EL DESARROLLO DEL PERSONAL ACADÉMICO DE LAS UNIVERSIDADES VENEZOLANAS: PROPUESTA PARA DISEÑAR E INSTRUMENTAR UN PROGRAMA DE FORMACIÓN

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    Migdy Chacín

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Las universidades venezolanas se desenvuelven en un mundo globalizado y cambiante al cual le intentan dar respuesta instrumentando acciones relacionadas al mejoramiento de los profesores. Para acometer esa tarea, se propone un modelo de formación profesoral fundamentado en la satisfacción de necesidades individuales, institucionales y contextuales. Se describen las etapas de diseño e instrumentación del programa de formación, concluyendo con una reflexión sobre la importancia de atender apropiadamente lo relativo al desarrollo de los profesores universitarios y al compromiso que los gerentes educativos deben adquirir con el uso eficiente de los recursos y la gestión de instituciones que respondan cabalmente a lo que la sociedad requiere. ABSTRAC: Venezuelan universities develop in a changing and globalized word. They must fulfill what has been established in governmental policies regarding faculty development. This paper proposes a model for faculty development based on individual and societal needs.Design and implementation stages of the program are described in detail and followed by discussion of the importance of enough government support, university leaders’ commitment to efficient administration of funds and the implementation of programs that produced the changes needed by society.

  5. Inteligencia de negocios en la banca nacional: Un enfoque basado en herramientas analíticas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arlenys Roo Huerta

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde el punto de vista tecnológico, la inteligencia de negocios implica el proceso de conversión de datos relevantes en información útil para la toma de decisiones estratégicas. El objetivo central del presente artículo es analizar la inteligencia de negocios en la banca nacional, desde la perspectiva de las herramientas analíticas, representadas por los servicios de transformación de datos, los procesos de análisis en línea, los servicios de explotación y el almacén de datos. Este estudio se basa en una metodología descriptiva, con un diseño de campo, se emplea la estadística descriptiva para el análisis de los resultados. Los hallazgos encontrados indican que las herramientas utilizadas con mayor frecuencia son los servicios de explotación, teniendo una notoria debilidad en la definición de los procesos realizados. Esto genera un gran impacto en la toma de decisiones, para proporcionar respuestas a interrogantes del negocio. Se concluye el uso de la inteligencia de negocios como un sistema de apoyo a los procesos llevados a cabo en las instituciones estudiadas.

  6. Resistencia al cambio y trabajo por turnos en trabajadores de la banca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel V. Valero R.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo muestra los factores de resistencia al cambio ante la implementación de un esquema de trabajo por turnos para el personal del departamento de bases de datos de una institución bancaria venezolana, con el objetivo de diseñar un plan para el manejo del cambio, a través del cual la gerencia pueda intervenir y lograr superar dicha resistencia. La investigación consistió en un estudio de caso, que parte de realizar un diagnóstico que permitió identificar factores de resistencia como la disminución del ingreso económico, amenaza a hábitos familiares e intereses propios y seguridad personal; para luego diseñar un plan de manejo del cambio que le permitirá a la gerencia del área implantar el esquema de horarios de trabajo por turnos, con el menor impacto posible sobre el personal.

  7. Antiimperialismo, tecnología y petróleo en la novela venezolana

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    Cósimo Mandrillo

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo revisa la noción de antiimperialismo que puede deducirse de la lectura de algunas novelas venezolanas cuyo relato se ubica en el periodo de implantación de la industria petrolera. A tal fin, se atiende de modo particular a la presencia de nuevas tecnologías percibidas, en general, como parte de la avanzada neo colonizadora en que se convirtió, para la mayoría de los escritores venezolanos del momento, la presencia de las compañías extranjeras. Se centran estas reflexiones básicamente en tres obras: Mene de Ramón Díaz Sánchez, Mancha de aceite de Cesar Uribe Piedrahita y El señor Rasvel de Miguel Toro Rámirez, estas dos últimas, a diferencia de la primera, muy mal conocidas en el ámbito tanto venezolano como latinoamericano.

  8. Factores de riesgo ergonométricos y biomecánicos en pagadores de punto y banca

    OpenAIRE

    Frigerio, Agustín Andrés

    2015-01-01

    La presente investigación se centra en el estudio de como los factores de riesgo ergonómicos afectan la postura correcta de trabajo en los pagadores de Punto y Banca en un Casino en la ciudad de Mar del Plata, se buscó determinar los cambios posturales a lo largo del turno laboral. Por medio de una escala de dolor se constató el grado de dolor lumbar y se buscó determinar los factores ergonométricos con la intensidad de dolor. Finalmente se elaboró un protocolo de prevención. Objetivo: ...

  9. Estrategias de internacionalización de la gran banca española

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María del Pilar Sierra Fernández

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available La timidez con la que comenzaron a internacionalizarse los bancos españoles, integrantes tanto del actual grupo BBVA como del Santander, aplicando estrategias defensivas y reducidos volúmenes de recursos y riesgos comprometidos, difícilmente hacían presagiar la intensidad y agresividad que ha adquirido en las dos últimas décadas, y que han convertido a dicho proceso en una decisión estratégica de crecimiento para la gran banca española.De forma gradual, tanto el BBVA como el Santander, se han introducido en los principales mercados de Latinoamérica y en los más cercanos e importantes de la Unión Europea. De una implantación generalizada de banca comercial en los noventa, sobre Latinoamérica, se ha pasado a operaciones selectivas en términos operativos y geográficos; llegando a finales de 2007, a liderar diferentes servicios bancarios y parabancarios en la mayor parte de los países del área, con especial incidencia en Brasil, donde el Santander está especializando sus inversiones, y en México, donde el BBVA ha consolidado su implantación y, desde el que se ha servido para iniciar actividades bancarias en el sur de los Estados Unidos. La mayor dimensión internacional del Santander le ha colocado también en posiciones líderes en los mercados ibérico, británico y en el segmento de financiación al consumo en la Europa Comunitaria.The timidity with which they began to internationalize Spanish banks, both members of the current group BBVA and Santander, of applying defensive strategies and reduced volumes of resources and risks involved, hardly did presage the intensity and aggressiveness that has gained in the last two decades, and they have turned the process into a strategic decision to growth for the Spanish banking.Gradually, both BBVA and Santander, has been internalised in the main markets of Latin America and the closest major of the European Union. From a widespread introduction of commercial banking in the nineties

  10. Luis Beltrán Prieto Figueroa: Maestro de la democracia venezolana

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    Lino E. Morán Beltrán

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo se inscribe dentro del aná li sis de la his to ria de las ideas en Amé ri ca La ti - na, como cam po de re fle xión que con tri bu ye a res - catar los aportes que, desde diversas disciplinas del conocimiento, se vienen gestando entre los in - telectuales que tienen nuestra identidad como tema de re fle xión. Luis Bel trán Prie to Fi gue roa fue uno de los in te lec tua les más in flu yen tes en la Venezuela del siglo XX. El presen te trabajo abor - da tex tos de sus prin ci pa les obras, como Joven Empí na te, El Esta do y la Edu ca ción en Amé ri ca Latina, El humanismo democrático y la educa - ción, La po lí ti ca y los hom bres, en tre otros, y, a través de una lectura filosófica se analizan sus ideas con relación a los fundamentos doctrinales de la demo cracia, su interpretación de la realidad, y sus pos tu ras fren te a la edu ca ción, la po lí ti ca, la poesía y el nacionalismo como actitud digna de los pueblos latinoa mericanos en relación al pode - río de los Esta dos Uni dos. Entre las con clu sio nes alcanzadas está, entre otras, la caracterización de sus ideas a fa vor de una edu ca ción ver da de ra men - te demo crática, el compromiso del intelectual con las no bles as pi ra cio nes de los pue blos, y su agu de - za para estudiar la realidad venezolana, y para lo - grar la superación de factores que obsta culizan el desarrollo técnico y cultural deseado para la patria venezolana y latinoamericana.

  11. Los Consejos Comunales: ¿avance o retroceso para la democracia venezolana?

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    Benjamín Goldfrank

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo aborda el debate en torno a los consejos comunales de Venezuela, un mecanismode participación ciudadana promovido por el gobierno de Hugo Chávez con especial fuerzaa partir de 2005. Luego de exponer brevemente su historia y principales características institucionales,describe la producción académica en torno al tema, identificando dos perspectivas contrapuestas:una que reivindica sus potencialidades democratizadoras, y otra que por el contrario,entiende a los consejos comunales como mecanismos al servicio de viejas lógicas clientelares ycomo amenaza a las instituciones de la democracia representativa. Basado en una comparaciónentre los consejos comunales y otras experiencias de democracia participativa en América latinay recogiendo algunos hallazgos relacionados con la opinión pública venezolana en torno al tema,el artículo pondera ambas posiciones, identificando las limitaciones de cada perspectiva.

  12. La responsabilidad social de la gerencia cultural como plataforma del desarrollo turístico en zonas costeras venezolanas

    OpenAIRE

    Cira de Pelekais; Elmar Aldrin Pelekais

    2014-01-01

    El propósito del estudio fue analizar la responsabilidad social de la gerencia cultural como plataforma del desarrollo turístico en zonas costeras. La investigación se evidencia en el paradigma positivista y corresponde a una investigación cuantitativa, descriptiva y de campo. La población estuvo constituida por 35 gerentes de los hoteles 5 estrellas que se encuentran ubicados en la zona costera venezolana, realizándose un censo poblacional. Para recabar los datos fue aplicado un instrumento ...

  13. Evaluación de la investigación de la comunicación en las universidades venezolanas

    OpenAIRE

    Dr. Jesús María Aguirre

    1998-01-01

    La Ley de Universidades venezolana, aún vigente, consagra la organización consagra la organización y estructura de la Investigación en el nivel universitario. Tres artículos definen el carácter institucional de la investigación. El art. 3 establece que la universidad debe responder a sus fines "mediante la investigación"; el art. 77 se refiere a los institutos como "centros destinados fundamentalmente a la investigación" y el art. 132 indica el modelo de instancia coordinadora a través de un ...

  14. Morosidad en el pago de créditos y rentabilidad de la banca comercial en México

    OpenAIRE

    Rubén Chavarín Rodríguez

    2015-01-01

    Una crítica que se formula desde hace varios años a los bancos comerciales establecidos en México es que no incrementan el volumen de crédito que otorgan a la sociedad. Esta crítica se ha vuelto más marcada a raíz del bajo crecimiento económico logrado por el país a partir de la crisis financiera internacional iniciada en 2008. Una de las posibles explicaciones para la restricción de crédito que mantiene la banca es que, dados los sistemas vigentes de identificación y calificación de las soli...

  15. Central Bank independence in Latin America La independencia de la Banca Central en América Latina

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    Junguito Bonnet Roberto

    1996-06-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the origin and evolution of the central banks of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Venezuela, and analyzes their respective institutional structures. It also studies the contribution of the central bank to stabilization and the problems for maintaining this independence into the future.Este artículo describe el origen y la evolución de los Bancos Centrales de Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, México y Venezuela, y analiza sus respectivas estructruras institucionales. También estudia la contribución de la banca central a la estabilización y los problemas para que esta independencia se mantenga en el futuro.

  16. Narrar desde el malestar en la historia venezolana: Falke de Federico Vegas

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    Carmen Victoria Vivas Lacour

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo revisa la novela Falke de Federico Vegas, que narra la infructuosa invasión de Venezuela en 1929, por parte de un grupo de exiliados provenientes de París, opositores del régimen tiránico de Juan Vicente Gómez. En este sentido, me interesa analizar cómo abordar un malestar del pasado, desde la literatura, permite discutir las explicaciones elaboradas en torno a la historia y plantear ciertos paralelismos con la situación política en la contemporaneidad venezolana. Asimismo, estudiar el modo como el pasado es desplazado al registro literario y lo que emerge al movilizar los límites que arbitran el saber histórico y lo distinguen de la invención literaria.This paper revisits Federico Vegas’s novel Falke based on a historical event about a group of Venezuelans, exiled in Paris who tried a fruitless invasion during Juan Vicente Gómez’s tyrannical regime in 1929. In this respect I am interested in analyzing how to address a discomfort from the past, from the literature point of view, allowing the discussion of the explanations that have been created around this historical event and how fiction develops parallel in relation to the current political situation in Venezuela. In this project I will study how the past is replaced by the literary record and what results by shifting the limits that define the historic knowledge from the literary invention.

  17. Responsabilidad social corporativa en la banca europea: un estudio empírico comparativo entre organizaciones de 15 países

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    Ómar Giovanni Rosero Villabón

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available La responsabilidad social empresarial –RSE– o responsabilidad social corporativa –RSC–, como algunos autores la citan, es un campo de estudio que en los últimos años se ha ido incorporando a la estrategia de las organizaciones. Este nuevo campo de estudio ha sido definido como el compromiso voluntario de las organizaciones por las actividades sociales y medioambientales, además de las económicas. El sector bancario no ha sido ajeno a la penetración que ha tenido la RSE en la gestión de las organizaciones, a tal punto que ya se mencionan términos como banca socialmente responsable, del cual hacen parte los términos banca ética y banca sostenible. El estudio describe los aspectos que marcan la diferencia entre los bancos europeos que se encuentran en la base de datos ASSET4, tomando como variables del estudio las calificaciones otorgadas por la base de datos a las acciones de responsabilidad social empresarial; igualmente, se utilizaron variables financieras y macroeconómicas. Entre los principales resultados de un análisis de conglomerado se encuentra que existe una alta correlación entre las acciones medioambientales y las acciones sociales en los bancos y que las acciones en responsabilidad social no muestran una correlación entre las variables financieras y las variables macroeconómicas.

  18. La democracia venezolana en una encrucijada: las elecciones nacionales y regionales de 1998

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    José Enrique MOLINA

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El panorama político venezolano está sufriendo importantes cambios. El electorado ha roto con la estática estabilidad bipartidista que se logró en el llamado Pacto de Punto Fijo en 1958. En el artículo se exponen los antecedentes de orden político y económico de la transformación que se está desarrollando actualmente en la democracia venezolana. Se trata de un cambio que se ha mostrado a nivel electoral, donde nuevas fuerzas políticas sustituyen a los partidos tradicionales. La población ha perdido la confianza en los viejos partidos —Acción Democrática y COPEI— y las lealtades partidistas han desaparecido en favor de la personalización de la política y de la volatilidad del voto.En el artículo se describen los cambios en el sistema electoral y sus consecuencias; los partidos políticos y sus candidatos; el fenómeno de la abstención; los resultados de las elecciones para el Congreso de la República, y el proceso de elección presidencial.ABSTRACT: The political life in Venezuela is suffering important changes. The electorate has broken the static two-party stability achieved in 1958 with the so called Pacto de Punto Fijo. The article presents the political and economic background prior to the transformation that is actually taking place in the Venezuelan democracy.The change was manifest at the electoral level, where new political forces are substituting the traditional parties. The population has lost confidence in the old parties — Acción Democrática y COPEI — and party loyalties have disappeared in favor of the personalization of politics and the volatility of the vote.The article describes the changes in the electoral system and their consequences; political parties and their candidates; the phenomenon of abstention; the results of Congress elections and the process of presidential election.

  19. Diferencias entre universidades privadas y oficiales venezolanas: Algunos ajustes necesarios en el sector privado

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    Luis Fuenmayor Toro

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo efectúa una caracterización preliminar de la universidad privada venezolana, a medio siglo de sus inicios. Se determinan algunas de sus fallas principales y propone correctivos factibles aprovechando las leyes de educación próximas a ser aprobadas. Los datos demuestran que las universidades privadas, a diferencia de las oficiales, tiene una planta docente mayoritariamente a tiempo convencional, ubicada principalmente en los más bajos escalafones académicos, con estudios de postgrado en una proporción menor que las universidades oficiales y prácticamente sin investigadores. La relación alumno/profesor es el doble de la del sector oficial y los postgrados universitarios que ofrecen son la quinta parte del total y sólo están acreditados el 10%, en contraposición con el 29% acreditado de las instituciones públicas. De estas comparaciones se extrae que la universidad privada está muy limitada para la realización de investigación y para el desarrollo de los postgrados que forman investigadores: maestrías y doctorados. Tiene además limitaciones subsanables en el pregrado, por no disponer de docentes contratados a altas dedicaciones, que dispongan de tiempo dentro de su dedicación para las consultas estudiantiles. Esto se puede resolver a través de un mandato legal que determine que un 33% de los docentes, sin contar autoridades y directivos, deban estar a dedicación exclusiva y repartidos homogéneamente entre todos los programas docentes institucionales. Estos docentes, también por mandato legal, dispondrían de un 30% de su tiempo para hacer investigación en unidades de universidades y otros centros oficiales, a las que serían adscritos formalmente. Ello mejoraría la academia de las instituciones privadas sin costos que hagan imposible estos importantes cambios.

  20. La gerencia pública venezolana en tiempo de revolución. Cambio nominal vs. Cambio conductual

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    Gerardo E. Romero

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo intenta mediante un análisis comparativo con otras perspectivas, el papel que juega el gerente en la gestión pública venezolana en estos tiempos de revolución, mediante los cambios ideológicos que requieren las organizaciones públicas por una nueva gerencia pública, causado por la confrontación que actualmente existe en las organizaciones públicas en el campo de la tecnología y la necesidad de sus gerentes para que se dé una verdadera revolución virtualizada en cuanto a la profunda crisis de los paradigmas. Es la búsqueda de los cambios revolucionarios en la gestión pública pero con una visión revolucionaria futurista.

  1. Vulnerabilidad a la introducción y transmisión local de la Encefalitis Equina Venezolana. Delicias, 2009

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    Yoenny Peña García

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available La Encefalitis Equina Venezolana (EEV es una enfermedad infecciosa, causada por un arbovirus de la familia Togaviridae, es transmitida del caballo o aves al hombre a través de picaduras de mosquitos, constituyendo una zoonosis. Cuba presta colaboración internacionalista en países donde esta enfermedad es endémica y considerada peligrosa, desde el punto de vista económico y sanitario. Se realizó  un estudio epidemiológico, para determinar la vulnerabilidad de introducción y transmisión local de la Encefalitis Equina Venezolana en el Área de Salud Delicias en el año 2009. Se utilizaron las siguientes variables: país de procedencia del colaborador, géneros de culícidos transmisores, población equina y se determinaron zonas de riesgo. Se identificaron tres países endémicos, el que mayor cantidad de colaboradores tuvo fue Venezuela, con 66 (85,7%, seguido de Ecuador y Haití, que solo tuvieron 1 (1,3%. El Consejo Popular 3 es el que más colaboradores en zonas endémicas poseyó (50, para un 87,7%. En el área se identificaron 11 géneros de mosquitos, de ellos cuatro transmisores de la EEV (Culex, Mansonia, Psorophora, y Anopheles, la población de equinos se distribuye en todo el territorio. Constituyen las zonas de mayor riego para la transmisión local de la enfermedad la parte noreste del poblado de Delicias y el poblado de San Manuel, determinándose 12 comunidades atendidas por Consultorios Médicos de Familia de alto riesgo para la transmisión local.

  2. EL DESARROLLO ENDÓGENO COMO AGENTE TRANSFORMADOR EN LA ECONOMÍA SOCIAL VENEZOLANA

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    Carmen Silvina Hernández

    2012-05-01

    los valores comunitarios, con sus procesos, así como los valores solidarios, cooperativos y humanistas, para el cambio del modelo económico capitalista al de economía social, para alcanzar la felicidad y calidad de vida del ciudadano. Es así, que la economía social adquiere la significación de una herramienta para la derrota de la pobreza, tanto económica, cultural, política e ideológica; para el rescate de concepciones de progreso, calidad de vida y bienestar social de las personas. Este modelo económico social de carácter solidario y compromiso social garantiza la inclusión de los venezolanos y venezolanas en la construcción del país.

  3. Morfología del polen de especies de Gongylolepis (Mutisieae: Asteraceae de la Guayana venezolana

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    Torrecilla, Pedro

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Gongylolepis is composed for 15 species, endemic to the Guyana region. This is the largest genus of tribe Mutiseae in the area. Palynological features have been studied for some members of the Mutiseae, but not for Gongylolepis. We studied the pollen morphology of nine species of the genus, using samples from herbarium material. The observations were made in 10 to 15 pollen grains for species and features of the spines, colpus, polar axis, equatorial diameter, exine structure, pollen type, apertures, perforations and P/E ratio to determinate pollen shape, were analyzed. Observations and pictures were made with light microscope and scanning electron microscope. With this information, a matrix and conglomerate analysis was made. Gongylolepis pollen is tricolporate, spheroidal and mainly of great size. Differences in exine ornamentation were enough to discriminate the studied species. Spines are conical, with perforations near of the base, but with differences in the apex shape. The dendogram showed four groups, where the size, shape, exine ornamentation, spines, colpus and perforations were of importance to the classification of the species considered.Gongylolepis está constituido por 15 especies, circunscritas a la región de Guayana, al norte de Suramérica. Es el género más numeroso de la tribu Mutisieae en dicha región, representado en su flora por especies endémicas. Aunque algunas especies de Mutisieae han sido estudiadas palinológicamente por varios investigadores, no hay estudios de las especies de Gongylolepis. En este trabajo se analizan los caracteres morfológicos del polen de nueve especies de Gongylolepis, de la Guayana venezolana. Las muestras de polen provienen de material de distintas colecciones de herbario. Para la observación de los caracteres de polen se usaron de 10 a 15 granos por especie, se analizaron caracteres de las espinas, colpos, eje polar, diámetro ecuatorial, ornamentación y grosor de la exina, tipo de

  4. El deber de información, transparencia y responsabilidad ante los depósitos de los clientes por parte de la banca: precedentes romanos

    OpenAIRE

    Salazar Revuelta, María

    2013-01-01

    Constituye un tema de gran actualidad la tutela de los intereses de los clientes que contratan con el sector de la banca. En este sentido, no se puede negar el valor de ciertos precedentes que encontramos en la práctica comercial y, concretamente, en la actividad financiera romana. Observamos, así, una intensa labor del pretor, junto con una importante actividad interpretativa de la jurisprudencia, dirigidas a dotar al Derecho de una serie de previsiones relativas a la protección de la parte ...

  5. Diagnóstico del sistema financiero, la banca comercial y el sistema de portafolios basado en el modelo de sistemas viables

    OpenAIRE

    Beatriz Trueba-Ríos; Isaías Badillo-Piña; Oswaldo Morales-Matamoros

    2012-01-01

    Se presenta en este artículo el desarrollo del diagnóstico para el sistema financiero, la banca comercial y el sistema de portafolios para lo cual se hace uso del modelo de sistemas viables de Beer [1]. El sistema financiero ha sido impactado por movimientos adversos del mercado, lo que lo hace dinámico. Haciendo una revisión minuciosa de las etapas de crisis por las que ha pasado el sistema financiero en forma global, se ha observado que la intervención del factor humano en la toma de decisi...

  6. Poder financiero y poder mediático: banca y grupos de comunicación. Los casos del SCH y PRISA (1976-2004)

    OpenAIRE

    Almiron, Núria

    2006-01-01

    Esta tesis es un trabajo original sobre la relación entre el poder financiero y el poder mediático que representan, respectivamente, la banca y los grupos de comunicación en España. La investigación describe la evolución que se ha producido en ambos sectores desde 1976 hasta 2004 y profundiza en dos casos de estudio: el grupo Santander Central Hispano (SCH) y el grupo PRISA. La investigación analiza, en concreto, la estructura empresarial, las necesidades y los intereses en el sector de la co...

  7. Predicci??n del nivel de solvencia de la banca europea a trav??s de la informaci??n contable: una aplicaci??n a los "PIIGS"

    OpenAIRE

    Guti??rrez L??pez, Cristina; Abad Gonz??lez, Julio

    2014-01-01

    El inicio en noviembre de 2014 de las funciones del Banco Central Europeo como supervisor bancario ??nico conlleva la realizaci??n previa de una nueva prueba o test de estr??s a la banca europea. Dicha prueba afectar?? a unas 130 entidades y, al igual que la realizada en 2011, ser?? coordinada por la Autoridad Bancaria Europea. En los ??ltimos a??os, ha aumentado el inter??s por este tipo de tests como elemento de evaluaci??n de la capacidad de los sistemas bancarios de la Uni??n Europea p...

  8. Comercio exterior colombiano y su financiación con la banca local: Un análisis a nivel de firma

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Se estima la elasticidad de las exportaciones y de las importaciones al crédito otorgado por la banca comercial usando información cruzada a nivel de firma en Colombia. Replicando la metodología empírica de Paravisini et. al (2011), se encontró que una reducción del crédito en 10% reduce el valor exportado e importado en 3.95% y 5.12% y el volumen en un 2.33% y 3.63% respectivamente. Se hace uso de la metodología panel con variable instrumental para controlar por otros factores que afectan la...

  9. Motivación del directivo en el sector financiero español: Analisis comparativo de la banca privada y publica. Un estudio empirico

    OpenAIRE

    Pin, Jose R.; Susaeta, Lourdes

    2003-01-01

    Determinar los factores que motivan al directivo es un tema ampliamente estudiado por la bibliografía. El planteamiento de este proyecto se basa en la teoría sobre las expectativas de Vroom (desarrollado por Porter y Lawyer, y el desarrollo de la teoría sobre la motivación humana de Juan A. Pérez López, a partir de las cuales hemos elaborado un nuevo modelo específico. La muestra tomada para contrastar el modelo en el estudio empírico es de 156 directivos españoles, 100 de la banca privada y ...

  10. La orientación al mercado y el rendimiento empresarial: el caso de la banca comercial española

    OpenAIRE

    Martín Armario, Enrique; Cossío Silva, Francisco José

    2001-01-01

    [ES] En este trabajo se pretende estudiar las consecuencias de la orientación al mercado sobre el rendimiento empresarial. En concreto se propone un modelo donde los efectos de la OM sobre la rentabilidad se manifiestan a través de otras variables mediadoras de resultados. La investigación empírica se realiza en el sector de la banca comercial española y se utiliza los modelos de ecuaciones estructurales para la contrastación de las hipótesis propuestas.

  11. Banca universale, riforma del sistema bancario statunitense e concorrenza finanziaria nella Comunità Europea

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    J.A. KREGEL

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Economists and policy makers in Europe and the United States have devoted increasing attention towards the German financial system. In the new Single European Market, the German financial system, characterised by universal banking with unrestricted entry into all types of financial market, is expected to become the dominant form. The German kind of financial system has also been suggested as an alternative to the segmented US financial system. It is argued that the success of the German system has less to do with the freedom granted to universal banks than with its approach to regulation and supervision.   JEL Codes: G21, G18Keywords: Financial system, SEM

  12. ¿Permitían los estados financieros predecir los resultados de los tests de estrés de la banca española? Una aplicación del modelo logit

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    Cristina Gutiérrez López

    2014-01-01

    La principal aportación de este trabajo es revisar y contrastar los resultados de las pruebas de resistencia aplicadas a la banca española, identificando ratios contables que prácticamente permiten llegar a sus mismas conclusiones.

  13. La responsabilidad social de la gerencia cultural como plataforma del desarrollo turístico en zonas costeras venezolanas

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    Cira de Pelekais

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito del estudio fue analizar la responsabilidad social de la gerencia cultural como plataforma del desarrollo turístico en zonas costeras. La investigación se evidencia en el paradigma positivista y corresponde a una investigación cuantitativa, descriptiva y de campo. La población estuvo constituida por 35 gerentes de los hoteles 5 estrellas que se encuentran ubicados en la zona costera venezolana, realizándose un censo poblacional. Para recabar los datos fue aplicado un instrumento conformado por 60 ítems. Al instrumento se le calculó la validez de contenido, a través del juicio de expertos, además de la validez discriminante, la confiabilidad por medio del método Alfa de Cronbach el cual arrojó como resultado 0.96. El procesamiento de los resultados se efectuó a través de una estadística descriptiva. Los resultados demuestran que la mayoría de la población objeto de estudio posee las herramientas necesarias como evidencias de responsabilidad social de la gerencia cultural. Asimismo, se establecieron lineamientos gerenciales para el cumplimiento de la misma.Palabras Clave: Responsabilidad social; gerencia cultural; desarrollo turístico; actividad turística; Zonas Costeras. The social responsibility of cultural management as a platform for tourism development in venezolanas coastal areasAbstractThe main purpose of this study was to analyze the social responsibility of cultural management as a platform for tourism development in coastal zones. Based on the positivist paradigm, this is a quantitative, descriptive and field research. Having made a population census, the study population consisted of 35 managers from five-star hotels located in the Venezuelan coastal zone. An instrument of 60 items was used to gather the required data. The instrument´s validity content was calculated by judgment of experts, as well as by discriminant validity; the reliability, calculated by the Alfa de Cronbach method, was 0

  14. Universality

    OpenAIRE

    Marinchev, Emil

    2002-01-01

    This article is an attempt for a new vision of the basics of Physics, and of Relativity, in particular. A new generalized principle of inertia is proposed, as an universal principle, based on universality of the conservation laws, not depending on the metric geometry used. The second and the third principles of Newton's mechanics are interpreted as logical consequences. The generalization of the classical principle of relativity made by Einstein as the most basic postulate in the Relativity i...

  15. Auditoría al sistema de gestión ambiental de una cementera para determinar los porcentajes de adecuación a la norma venezolana covenin - iso 14001:2005

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    Colmenárez, Alexis

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo consiste en la combinación de técnicas de evaluación propias de estudios ambientales con procedimientos de auditoría tradicionales, con el objetivo de auditar el Sistema de Gestión Ambiental (SGA de una empresa cementera venezolana llamada Cementos Carora C. A. siguiendo los lineamientos de la norma venezolana COVENIN ISO 14001:2005 para determinar los porcentajes de adecuación a la norma. Se escoge este sector por el impacto ambiental que produce.

  16. Metodología GESINCA como instrumento de gestión empresarial en la industria camaronera venezolana

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    María Amalia Trillo Holgado

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La metodología Gestión "Intangibles" Calidad (GESINCA aplicada a la industria camaronera venezolana, se desarrolla con el objetivo de dotar a las empresas de un instrumento útil a la hora de canalizar sus decisiones estratégicas de acuerdo a las características de la economía actual. Basándose en los fundamentos teóricos relacionados con el capital intelectual y la calidad total, se establece un modelo de medición de intangibles que posibilita la visualización de los resultados obtenidos a partir de los movimientos estratégicos realizados por las empresas. La validación de la metodología a partir del modelo construido permite afirmar que el pilar básico sobre el que se asienta la gestión empresarial está formado por las capacidades organizativas y, que al intervenir sobre éstas se está potenciando el resto de capacidades (humanas, comerciales y sociales y, por tanto, influyendo decisivamente en el futuro. Del mismo modo, se percibe una industria con un alto porcentaje de intangibles que merece la pena gestionar en aras a incrementar el valor de la misma.

  17. Teoría austriaca de los ciclos económicos y la economía venezolana

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    Emmanuel Borgucci

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Por lo general se piensa que los problemas económicos venezolanos solamente pueden ser descritos por la denominada síntesis neoclásica. Existió a finales del siglo XIX y el siglo XX una serie de aportes que desafiaron las ideas keynesianas y de la Nueva Macroeconomía Clásica desde un punto de vista praxeológico,desligado de la teoría cuantitativa del dinero y consideraba la idea de los precios relativos. En tal sentido se revisó los aportes realizados por Mises (1982 [1912], (2005 [1936] y Hayek (1967[1931] en el tema de los ciclos económicos para realizar una aproximación a los problemas que afectan la economía venezolana. Se concluye que el impulso monetario en el marco de una economía rentística, de políticas públicas intervencionistas y el crédito blando, en un escenario de pocas empresas creadoras de bienes de inversión, generó distorsiones en el sistema de precios, de incentivos a la producción, aumento de las importaciones y deterioro del tipo de cambio; es decir, todo aquello que está en contracorriente con la búsqueda del desarrollo económico.

  18. Venezuelan Agrarian dynamic: reflections for its discussion La dinámica agraria venezolana: reflexiones para su discusión

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    Diosey Ramón Lugo-Morin

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Century XX started in Latin America with intense social movements. Most important it was the Mexican revolution that it destroyed many of the oppressive structures under which was the immense majority of the population. The example of the movement invaded all Latin America and the notion of the agrarian reform was adopted by the advanced social sectors more than they tried to take to his own countries to more modern productive models. By the previous thing, the present study proposes to make an analytical reflection of the dynamics of change of the Venezuelan agrarian from an neoinstitutional perspective. It was concluded that the transformations in the Venezuelan agrarian structure sustain to a positive impact in their rural space and an opportunity for a reflective debate is opened on the paper of the institutions in the task of the Venezuelan agrarian question.El siglo XX arrancó en América Latina con intensos movimientos sociales. El más importante fue la revolución mexicana que destruyó muchas de las estructuras opresivas bajo las que se encontraba la inmensa mayoría de la población. El ejemplo del movimiento invadió toda América Latina y la noción de la reforma agraria fue adoptada por los sectores sociales más avanzados que intentaban llevar a sus propios países a modelos productivos más modernos. Por lo anterior, el presente estudio propone hacer una reflexión analítica de la dinámica agraria venezolana desde una perspectiva neoinstitucional. Se concluye que las transformaciones en la estructura agraria venezolana sustentan un impacto positivo en su espacio rural y abre la oportunidad para un debate reflexivo sobre el papel de las instituciones en el quehacer de la cuestión agraria venezolana.

  19. El financiamiento de la banca pública en los Planes de Desarrollo de la Nación en el período 2000-2012

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    Marianela Acuña Ortigoza

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available En esta investigación se exponen los elementos de política pública que direccionan la agenda desarrollada por el Estado venezolano durante el período 2000-2012 para transformar el sistema financiero nacional de acuerdo a los objetivos indicados en los Planes de Desarrollo Nacional, sustentándose en autores como Álvarez (2009, Girón et al. (2010, Meszaros (2009, Ocando y Pirela (2008 y documentos institucionales de SUDEBAN, Ministerio de Planificación y Desarrollo y Asamblea Nacional de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela. Mediante una investigación documental con diseño bibliográfico, se aborda el análisis político y epistémico de la investigación, considerando el método hermenéutico, que permitió reflexionar sobre los mecanismos de financiamiento instrumentados por el Estado venezolano durante el período 2000-2012. Los resultados de la investigación señalan la necesidad de comprender la axiología que determina la toma de decisiones públicas para analizar y explicar las dinámicas económicas. Durante el período analizado se observan cambios significativos en el sistema financiero venezolano asociados al cumplimiento de los objetivos enunciados en los Planes de Desarrollo Nacional 2001-2007 y 2007-2013, entre ellos: el aumento de la participación de la banca pública asociándose la función de banca de desarrollo como la función fundamental de los bancos públicos, la orientación del crédito de acuerdo a los propósitos estratégicos de desarrollo, modificación y/o creación del marco jurídico e institucional, aumento en los niveles de bancarización, creación de instituciones de atención a sectores excluidos: Banco de Desarrollo de la Mujer y el Banco del Pueblo, transformación del Fondo de Inversiones de Venezuela en el Banco de Desarrollo Económico y Social de Venezuela (BANDES, y adquisición por parte del Estado venezolano del Banco de Venezuela, lo que permitió incrementar la participación de la

  20. Reconstrucción de la memoria socio-pedagógica y filosófica venezolana del siglo xix: el Cojo Ilustrado (1892-1898)

    OpenAIRE

    Mulino Giannattasio, Alexandra

    2010-01-01

    [ES] Pretende deconstruir la memoria socio-pedagógica y filosófica venezolana decimonónica, a fin de comprender la historia de las ideas originadas en el marco del debate generacional durante los años 1892 hasta 1898. Para ello se seleccionó la Revista El Cojo Ilustrado como fuente primaria de investigación. Esta Revista decimonónica permitió entrever valores y normas que expresaron concepciones socio-pedagógicas y filosóficas legitimadoras del pretendido nuevo Estado Nacional, sobre bas...

  1. Estrategias para la participación de los trabajadores en mejoras tecnológicas asociadas a la industria metalúrgica venezolana

    OpenAIRE

    Cova, Milagros Isabel; Anzola, Minerva; Rodríguez Monroy, Carlos

    2015-01-01

    Se planteó la generación y sistematización de estrategias para la participación de los trabajadores en mejoras tecnológicas asociadas a la industria metalúrgica venezolana. Se desarrolló una estrategia de acompañamiento desde la investigación acción participativa (IAP), la ‘investigación próxima’, mediante talleres de formación-investigación y la sistematización de experiencias considerando la perspectiva y necesidades de los actores. Bajo este enfoque, se ejecutaron 10 talleres (de tres ...

  2. FACTORES DE RIESGO Y PROPUESTAS PARA LA REDUCCIÓN DE LA DEMANDA DE DROGAS EN ESTUDIANTES DE MEDICINA DE UNA UNIVERSIDAD VENEZOLANA

    OpenAIRE

    María Navarro de Sáez; Venus Medina; Fanny Romaguera; Endrina Cerró Ruza; Alejandro Rodríguez

    2009-01-01

    El objetivo del estudio fue explorar la percepción de los factores de riesgo para el consumo de drogas y las propuestas para la reducción de la demanda de los estudiantes que se inician en la Escuela de Medicina de una universidad venezolana. Esta investigación utilizó métodos cualitativos, específicamente la técnica de grupos focales para la recolección de datos y el análisis de contenido para el procesamiento de los mismos, la muestra estuvo conformada por 120 estudiantes. Los resultados re...

  3. Enseñanza de la historia en la escuela básica venezolana. Visión del profesorado, La

    OpenAIRE

    Villaquirán Sandoval, Tomás Ricardo

    2008-01-01

    La presente tesis doctoral plantea la cuestión de los conocimientos y pensamientos disciplinares y experienciales que poseen y utilizan los profesores de Historia cuando enseñan esta disciplina escolar. Conocimientos considerados como imprescindibles para superar los problemas y dificultades que afectan los procesos de enseñanza y aprendizaje de la Historia. La investigación describe y analiza en profundidad la enseñanza de esta disciplina escolar en la Educación Básica venezolana, desde la v...

  4. La enseñanza de la historia en la escuela básica venezolana. Visión del profesorado

    OpenAIRE

    Villaquirán Sandoval, Tomás Ricardo

    2008-01-01

    [spa] La presente tesis doctoral plantea la cuestión de los conocimientos y pensamientos disciplinares y experienciales que poseen y utilizan los profesores de Historia cuando enseñan esta disciplina escolar. Conocimientos considerados como imprescindibles para superar los problemas y dificultades que afectan los procesos de enseñanza y aprendizaje de la Historia. La investigación describe y analiza en profundidad la enseñanza de esta disciplina escolar en la Educación Básica venezolana, desd...

  5. LA CALIDAD DE SERVICIO: UNIDIMENSIONALIDAD VS. MULTIDIMENSIONALIDAD (UNA ESCALA ESPECIFICA PARA EL SECTOR DE BANCA COMERCIAL [doi: 10.5329/RECADM.20040302012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Maria Santiago Merino

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 RESUMO Esta pesquisa pretende iluminar a controvérsia suscitada entre os dois principais enfoque ou paradigmas da medição da Qualidade do Serviço (Parasuraman, Zeithml y Berry –Cronin y Taylor, propondo uma  escala diferente de medição do construto para o setor da banca comercial, conseqüência da replicação “ex novo” da investigação do PZB, com um enfoque de convergência ou triangulação metodológica e de técnicas de análise. Confrontam-se os dois modelos dominantes numa tentativa de confirmação/refutação do jeito de operacionalizar o construto “qualidade do serviço” em cada um deles, assim como da unidimensionalidade do mesmo perante a multidimensionalidade. Do mesmo modo supõe o desenvolvimento das indicações dos referidos pesquisadores para incrementar o domínio dos conteúdos da qualidade do serviço aos produtos/serviços, preços e imagem das entidades, e analisar com maior profundidade as relações da qualidade com a satisfação e com a lealdade, procurando melhores preditores da ultima com a integração de aspectos atitudinais e comportamentais na sua operatividade. Palavras-chave:Qualidade do Serviço, Escalas de medição, Banca.     RESUMEN El presente artículo pretende arrojar luz sobre la controversia suscitada entre los dos principales enfoques o paradigmas de medición de la Calidad de Servicio (Parasuraman, Zeithaml y Berry - Cronin y Taylor, proponiendo una diferente escala de medida del constructo para el sector de banca comercial, fruto de la replicación "ex novo" de la investigación de PZB, con un enfoque de convergencia o triangulación metodológica y de técnicas de análisis. Se enfrentan los dos modelos dominantes en un intento de confirmación/refutación de la forma de operacionalizar el constructo "calidad de servicio" en cada uno de ellas, así como de la unidimensionalidad del mismo frente a la

  6. Universe

    CERN Document Server

    2008-01-01

    The Universe, is one book in the Britannica Illustrated Science Library Series that is correlated to the science curriculum in grades 5-8. The Britannica Illustrated Science Library is a visually compelling set that covers earth science, life science, and physical science in 16 volumes.  Created for ages 10 and up, each volume provides an overview on a subject and thoroughly explains it through detailed and powerful graphics-more than 1,000 per volume-that turn complex subjects into information that students can grasp.  Each volume contains a glossary with full definitions for vocabulary help

  7. Universe

    CERN Document Server

    2011-01-01

    Updated for 2011, the Universe, is one book in the Britannica Illustrated Science Library Series that covers today's most popular science topics, from digital TV to microchips to touchscreens and beyond. Perennial subjects in earth science, life science, and physical science are all explored in detail. Amazing graphics-more than 1,000 per title-combined with concise summaries help students understand complex subjects. Correlated to the science curriculum in grades 5-9, each title also contains a glossary with full definitions for vocabulary.

  8. EL IMPUESTO AL VALOR AGREGADO Y EL COMERCIO ELECTRÓNICO EN LEGISLACIÓN TRIBUTARIA VENEZOLANA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guerrero V. Francisco

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available El Sistema Tributario venezolano ha tenido en el Impuesto al Valor Agregado (IVA uno de los más grandes exponentes de la llamada tributación indirecta. El propósito de la investigación consistió en el análisis de la regulación del IVA al Comercio Electrónico, el cual se dimensiona sobre el aumento de valor que los autores presentes en la cadena de comercialización de bienes y servicios ofrecen en cada etapa. Se analizaron doctrinas de autores reconocidos, como son entre otros: Cedeño y Diaz J. (2004, García (2004, Palacios (2004, Moya (2006, Paredes (2004. La metodología utilizada fue la investigación documental descriptiva, con un tipo de diseño bibliográfico. La técnica para la recolección de datos fue la revisión bibliográfica y documental. Para la interpretación de los datos se utilizó la matriz de análisis de las categorías. Luego de la discusión de los resultados se llegó, a las siguiente conclusiones: a La Jurisprudencia venezolana reconoce el principio de la territorialidad del IVA; b La Ley del Impuesto al Valor Agregado, consagra el derecho de los contribuyentes a valerse de instrumentos privados, tales como: facturas o documentos equivalentes, libros de compras, libros de ventas, registros contables y archivos adicionales; c El Tribunal Supremo de Justicia, establece, la pérdida del derecho a la deducción del crédito fiscal cuando la omisión del requisito en la factura, impide o dificulta al Fisco Nacional efectuar sus labores de Control Fiscal: d En el comercio electrónico se observa la ausencia de algunos elementos constitutivos del hecho imponible, que configura el momento de la obligación tributaria y su base de cálculo.

  9. El impuesto al valor agregado y el comercio electrónico en legislación tributaria venezolana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Guerrero

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available El Sistema Tributario venezolano ha tenido en el Impuesto al Valor Agregado (IVA uno de los más grandes exponentes de la llamada tributación indirecta. El propósito de la investigación consistió en el análisis de la regulación del IVA al Comercio Electrónico, el cual se dimensiona sobre el aumento de valor que los autores presentes en la cadena de comercialización de bienes y servicios ofrecen en cada etapa. Se analizaron doctrinas de autores reconocidos, como son entre otros: Cedeño y Diaz J. (2004, García (2004, Palacios (2004, Moya (2006, Paredes (2004. La metodología utilizada fue la investigación documental descriptiva, con un tipo de diseño bibliográfico. La técnica para la recolección de datos fue la revisión bibliográfica y documental. Para la interpretación de los datos se utilizó la matriz de análisis de las categorías. Luego de la discusión de los resultados se llegó, a las siguiente conclusiones: a La Jurisprudencia venezolana reconoce el principio de la territorialidad del IVA; b La Ley del Impuesto al Valor Agregado, consagra el derecho de los contribuyentes a valerse de instrumentos privados, tales como: facturas o documentos equivalentes, libros de compras, libros de ventas, registros contables y archivos adicionales; c El Tribunal Supremo de Justicia, establece, la pérdida del derecho a la deducción del crédito fiscal cuando la omisión del requisito en la factura, impide o dificulta al Fisco Nacional efectuar sus labores de Control Fiscal: d En el comercio electrónico se observa la ausencia de algunos elementos constitutivos del hecho imponible, que configura el momento de la obligación tributaria y su base de cálculo.Palabras Clave: Impuesto al valor agregado (IVA, comercio electrónico, fisco nacional, control fiscal

  10. Análisis estratégico de grupos de interés e imagen corporativa de las empresas privadas venezolanas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graciela Perozo-de Jiménez

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio tuvo como propósito determinar las relación existente entre el análisis estratégico de grupos de interés y la imagen de las corporaciones privadas venezolanas. La investigación siguió la modalidad de campo tipo correlacional con un diseño no-experimental – transeccional. La población estuvo constituida por los Gerentes de Planificación e Imagen de las 10 corporaciones privadas venezolanas de mayor tamaño y cuatro expertos académicos en las áreas de Planificación e Imagen Corporativa. Como instrumentos de recolección de datos se utilizaron un cuestionario cerrado de 35 items para ser aplicado a los gerentes de las empresas y una entrevista abierta de 15 preguntas dirigida a los cuatro expertos académicos. Estos se sometieron a la validez de 10 expertos en el área de mercadeo, imagen corporativa, planificación estratégica y metodología. La confiabilidad del cuestionario fue de un coeficiente de 0,90. El estudio presenta las siguientes conclusiones en función de los resultados obtenidos en la investigación. Los procesos de formulación estratégica de las corporaciones privadas líderes venezolanas están caracterizados por el uso mayoritario de la Planificación Estratégica como herramienta para definir lineamientos estratégicos y guías para la acción en su gestión. En relación a su vinculación con el Análisis de Grupos de Interés, los procesos de Imagen Corporativa son vistos, por los expertos, como el elemento interfase entre los Grupos de Interés y la estrategia global de la corporación.

  11. El imaginario de la ciudad venezolana: de 1958 a la metrópoli parroquiana. Aproximación desde la historia cultural urbana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almandoz Marte Arturo

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available A partir de postulados teóricos y metodológicos sobre historia cultural, la narrativa y la microhistoria, el presente artículo intenta aproximarse, desde el emergente campo de la historia cultural urbana, a la representación de la ciudad y la urbanización en la literatura venezolana. Como parte de un proyecto de mayor alcance sobre el siglo xx, el artículo se concentra en las dos décadas posteriores a la dictadura de Pérez Jiménez, derribada en 1958, las cuales fueron de renovación democrática e intenso crecimiento urbano. Para tal aproximación, se toman como fuentes primarias el ensayo y la novela.

  12. Reorientación de la división dialectal hispánica: datos de variedades venezolanas e ibéricas

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    Godsuno Chela-Flores

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Se cuestiona el tradicional enfoque dicotómico de la dialectología hispánica: los dialectos del español americano han sido clasificados como "conservadores" o "radicales" sobre la base de la divergencia entre la ortografía y la pronunciación de las consonantes posnucleares; dicha clasificación está vinculada con la geografía americana. Se demuestra lo inadecuado de tal división con datos recientes sobre procesos prenucleares y posnucleares de variedades venezolanas. Además, se explora la viabilidad de extender esta división dialectal a la morfología y a la sintaxis. Se concluye que es necesario aumentar el número de tipos dialectales y tomar en cuenta las tendencias universales de las lenguas naturales para una comprensión satisfactoria de la situación dialectal.

  13. FACTORES DE RIESGO Y PROPUESTAS PARA LA REDUCCIÓN DE LA DEMANDA DE DROGAS EN ESTUDIANTES DE MEDICINA DE UNA UNIVERSIDAD VENEZOLANA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Navarro de Sáez

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del estudio fue explorar la percepción de los factores de riesgo para el consumo de drogas y las propuestas para la reducción de la demanda de los estudiantes que se inician en la Escuela de Medicina de una universidad venezolana. Esta investigación utilizó métodos cualitativos, específicamente la técnica de grupos focales para la recolección de datos y el análisis de contenido para el procesamiento de los mismos, la muestra estuvo conformada por 120 estudiantes. Los resultados refieren la percepción del grupo estudiado sobre el cambio enfrentado por ellos y su relación con factores emocionales, sociales y del contexto como potenciales estresores psicosociales que actúan como factores de riesgo.

  14. Problemática Financiera de las Pequeñas y Medianas Empresas venezolanas. Análisis de los Factores Internos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Cazorla Papis

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available El interés de esta investigación fue identificar los rasgos característicos de las Pyme venezolanas de los Estados Aragua y Carabobo, que condicionan sus decisiones de endeudamiento, así como identificar los factores internos que condicionan su estructura de capital.Se estudiaron las variables : riesgo empresarial, rentabilidad sobre activos, oportunidades de crecimiento, tamaño, reputación, concentración de capital y estrategias empresariales.Los resultados obtenidos demostraron que las variables: Riesgo empresarial, rentabilidad sobre activos, oportunidad de crecimiento, explican en un 60% la estructura de capital de las pequeñas y medianas empresas

  15. Contabilidad de gestión ambiental en empresas constructoras. Elemento estratégico promovido por el cumplimiento de la legislación venezolana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yosman Valderrama

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available La contabilidad de gestión ambiental ha sido considerada como una herramienta que permite presentar información referente al impacto que genera el desarrollo de la actividad económica empresarial en el medioambiente, conjuntamente con una evaluación de los beneficios económicos y el cumplimiento de las leyes establecidas para tal fin. En este sentido, la investigación tuvo como objetivo analizar la contabilidad de gestión ambiental en las empresas constructoras, como elemento estratégico promovido por el cumplimiento de la legislación venezolana. Metodológicamente, el tipo de investigación fue descriptiva, de campo, con diseño no experimental, transeccional. La población estuvo conformada por 15 contadores públicos que laboran en las empresas constructoras inscritas en la Asociación de Comerciantes e Industriales de Valera (acoinva, en el Estado Trujillo, Venezuela. La técnica de recolección de datos fue un cuestionario constituido por respuestas tipo escala Likert, e ítems de respuestas de alternativas supuestas según la teoría. Para la validez se utilizó el juicio de cinco expertos. A modo de conclusión, las empresas cumplen con los lineamientos establecidos por la legislación venezolana y, en función de ello, realizan planificación de su gestión ambiental para aprovechar los incentivos fiscales existentes, lo que ha generado en estas empresas la necesidad de utilizar registros contables que contribuyan con la clasificación de los datos financieros generados por los programas de mantenimiento y conservación del ecosistema.

  16. Las políticas educativas en América Latina: un análisis de la educación superior desde la visión de la banca multilateral

    OpenAIRE

    OLIVER MORA TOSCANO

    2005-01-01

    Este documento analiza las características centrales de las políticas educativasimplementadas en América Latina para el caso de la educación superior pública apartir de la vigencia del modelo de apertura económica, y las cuales tienen comofundamento la visión y recomendaciones de la banca multilateral, Banco Mundial,Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo - BID y Fondo Monetario Internacional -FMI. Los aspectos centrales estudiados en el artículo hacen referencia a las políticaspúblicas, en el con...

  17. Desempeño económico y régimen monetario colombiano en el siglo XIX: de la banca libre a la centralización

    OpenAIRE

    Timoté Bojacá, Jennifer Andrea

    2011-01-01

    En este trabajo se estudia el período de organización monetaria basada en el llamado sistema de “banca libre”, establecido en Colombia en el siglo XIX1. Durante éste, a los bancos privados se les otorgó el privilegio de emisión de billetes convertibles en moneda metálica. El presente estudio tiene tres objetivos. El primero de ellos es establecer los factores que influyeron en la creación de este tipo de instituciones en el país, así como el contexto en que se desarrollaron ...

  18. Desarrollo sustentable y la investigación científica en las universidades autónomas venezolanas: retos y contradicciones

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    Raiza Yánez M.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La crisis socioambiental es actualmente uno de los temas más polémicos en el mundo, ante esta situación ha sido planteado en diferentes eventos internacionales el Desarrollo Sustentable (OS como un horizonte de posible solución. Con el objetivo de indagar la relación existente entre la investigación científica en las universidades autónomas venezolanas y el OS se realizó una investigación de carácter exploratoria-descriptiva, en la que se hizo uso intensivo y extensivo de la base de datos del Programa de Promoción al Investigador. Obteniéndose que las ciencias de la naturaleza son las de mayor representación, contradictoriamente a la ausencia de otras áreas prioritarias de conocimientos, tales como educación para la sostenibilidad, cambio climático, tecnología para la sostenibilidad, producción y consumo responsable, entre otros. Se concluye que, aún cuando se realiza investigación relacionada con el OS, es necesario fortalecer y explorar nuevas áreas relacionadas a lo social, técnico y económico, para lo cual se requiere de esfuerzos transdiciplinarios e interinstitucionales

  19. Já nas bancas. Mediação e economia política da distribuição dos meios impressos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viktor Chagas

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available A expressão “já nas bancas”, no Brasil, tornou-se sinônimo de presteza e agilidade. A frase é tomada como divisa em quaisquer peças publicitárias e de merchandising da imprensa, propagando por diferentes camadas sociais a imagem da banca como extensão do sistema de imprensa. O exemplo evidencia o tratamento legado a operações de distribuição no circuito cultural, geralmente estranguladas em favor do processo produtivo e de consumo. Neste artigo, pretendo discutir a perspectiva historiográfica das teorias sociais da imprensa acerca das etapas de circulação e distribuição dos meios impressos. Minha hipótese é de que são os vendedores e distribuidores de jornais e revistas agentes de fundamental importância cultural e política para o processual jornalístico das grandes cidades, e, no entanto, seu papel na cadeia produtiva dos periódicos impressos tem sido subjugado ante a análises que se concentram nas técnicas ou no discurso jornalístico, quando muito nas cercanias dos estudos de recepção e na apropriação da cultura popular – jamais na investigação sobre esta instituição que silenciosamente tem ocupado nosso imaginário por todos esses anos: as bancas de jornais e revistas.Dessa forma, procuramos compreender o papel dos vendedores e distribuidores de imprensa como mediadores no interior de outro processo de mediação, o jornalístico. Assim fazendo, buscamos refletir criticamente sobre o espaço legado a esta problemática sob três diferentes abordagens, o olhar acadêmico, o viés jurídico-institucional e, por fim, a perspectiva econômica. Em todos os casos, a banca opera como via de escoamento para a produção jornalística da imprensa escrita, geralmente articulando o discurso à experiência de consumo, e eventualmente sofrendo pressões políticas similares às dos próprios jornalistas. Ainda assim, sua participação neste circuito, em grande medida, passa desapercebida aos olhos leigos

  20. Diseño, aplicación y evaluación de una propuesta de orientación vocacional para la Educación Media, Diversificada y Profesional Venezolana

    OpenAIRE

    Chacón Martínez, Olga Marlene

    2003-01-01

    Este informe expone el proceso y los resultados obtenidos en la investigación "Diseño, aplicación y evaluación de una propuesta de orientación vocacional para la Educación Media, Diversificada y Profesional venezolana". Partimos del diagnóstico de necesidades, seguidamente formulamos objetivos, diseñamos el programa, lo implementamos, evaluamos el proceso y los resultados. La propuesta consta de dos cuadernos, uno para el estudiante, otro para el docente y un taller de formación para los prof...

  1. Prevalencia de lesiones bucales en pacientes VIH +, relación con contaje de células CD4+ y carga viral en una población Venezolana

    OpenAIRE

    Bravo, Inés María; Correnti de Plata, María; Escalona, Laura; Perrone, Marianella; Brito, Aubert

    2006-01-01

    Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de las lesiones bucales en un grupo de pacientes VIH+, su relación con el contaje de linfocitos CD4 y la carga viral, en una muestra de la población venezolana Materiales y métodos: En el presente estudio se evaluaron 75 pacientes adultos VIH+, provenientes del Centro para la Atención de Pacientes con Enfermedades Infectocontagiosas de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Central de Venezuela. Cada uno de ellos fue examinado clínicamente para la ...

  2. Desarrollo de un modelo de aplicación de la norma UNE 166002 sobre implantación de sistemas de innovación en las PYMIS venezolanas

    OpenAIRE

    Terán Rojas, Anabel Yalile

    2009-01-01

    El ámbito de la presente tesis se centra en el desarrollo de un modelo sobre implantación de un sistema de innovación para las pequeñas y medianas industrias venezolanas, basado en la norma UNE 166002. Dicho modelo integra los principales aspectos destacados en la literatura y a su vez, la praxis de un sector industrial específico. Tal es el caso del sector metalmecánico del Estado Lara en Venezuela. Inicialmente se ha efectuado una revisión exhaustiva de la literatura sobre la innovación, as...

  3. El arbitraje virtual como medio alternativo para la resolución de los conflictos surgidos en el comercio electrónico y su legalidad en la normativa vigente venezolana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Eugenia Canga

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available La presente investigación se orientó al análisis del Arbitraje Virtual como medio alternativo para la Resolución de los Conflictos surgidos en el comercio electrónico y su Legalidad en la Normativa Vigente Venezolana. Las conclusiones de la misma indicaron que pese a que presenta ciertas dificultades en su aplicación, el arbitraje virtual es una excelente alternativa para resolver conflictos originados en el comercio electrónico y que la aplicación del arbitraje virtual es totalmente legal a la luz de la normativa vigente en Venezuela.

  4. Producción científica venezolana: apuntes sobre su pérdida de liderazgo en la región latinoamericana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Aguado-López

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analiza la evolución de la producción y colaboración cientícas de Venezuela, país que se ha caracterizado por su pÈrdida de liderazgo en los ̇ltimos aÒos. El universo de an·lisis lo constituyen 1.117 revistas iberoamericanas de acceso abierto de la base de datos redalyc.org, con más de 250 mil artÌculos en un periodo de 10 aÒos (2005-2014. La caÌda de la ciencia venezolana se aprecia desde bases de corriente principal (en Scopus, a través del SJR, presentó 1.857 artículos en 2005, representaba el 3.4% de la regiÛn. En 2014 tuvo 1.592 artÌculos , representaba el 1.44% de la región. Es decir, tuvo una caída del 14.27%, así como desde Redalyc (donde contaba con 875 artículos en 2005 y representaba el 5.5% de la región; en 2014 tuvo 791 artículos, representando el 3.0% de la región. La caída es del 9.6%; base de datos que permite apreciar además una alta tasa de concentración en la producción cientíca y editorial de Venezuela, así como un comportamiento endÛgeno en tÈrminos de producciÛn y colaboraciÛn.

  5. Triunfos en tiempos de transición. Actores de vocación popular en las elecciones venezolanas de 1998

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita LÓPEZ MAYA

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: En este artículo se examina el desempeño de los actores emergentes de vocación popular en las elecciones venezolanas de 1998. Se sostiene que los comicios estuvieron condicionados, por una parte, por un contexto socioeconómico y político que creó en el electorado una favorable actitud hacia el cambio radical. Por otra parte, al examinar los principales hitos de la campaña y las relaciones y respuestas de los actores participantes en la contienda, tanto los tradicionales como los nuevos, se evidencia la habilidad con que se desenvolvió el candidato Hugo Chávez Frías y el Polo Patrótico, frente a sus adversarios. Por último, se presentan y evalúan los resultados electorales, cerrando con unas conclusiones sobre la situación y desafíos que se presentan a estos actores en el futuro inmediato.ABSTRACT: In this article we examine the performance of emergent popular actors in Venezuela's 1998 elections. We argue that the triumph of Hugo Chávez and his Polo Patriótico is a result of a particular socioeconomic and sociopolitical context that drove venezuelans to support a radical change in the political system. This general situation was combined with smart decisions and attitudes of the Polo Patriótico with regard to its opponents during the campaign. We present the results of regional and Congress elections of November as well as the presidencial results of Dicember, closing with comments about today's situation and future challenges.

  6. COOPERATIVAS DE CRÉDITO Y BANCA SOCIAL: VIEJAS Y NUEVAS RESPUESTAS ÉTICAS Y SOLIDARIAS A PROBLEMAS DE SIEMPRE / CREDIT COOPERATIVES AND SOCIAL BANKING: OLD AND NEW ETHICAL AND SOLIDARITY RESPONSES TO USUAL PROBLEMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amparo MELIÁN NAVARRO

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Entre el origen de las cooperativas de crédito y la nueva “banca social” median unos cien años, en los que los sistemas bancarios han sufrido una transformación extraordinaria. A pesar de sus diferencias, ambos tipos de instituciones surgieron por unos motivos semejantes: la exclusión financiera de colectivos vulnerables y la necesidad de respuestas éticas, solidarias y responsables. Esas necesidades han cobrado protagonismo con la actual crisis financiera, económica y social, en la que se aprecia un deterioro de los valores elementales y, en consecuencia, una extensión del descrédito de las entidades bancarias. En esta situación, se revaloriza el papel del crédito cooperativo y de la “banca social”, instrumentos que, por sus especiales características, se han visto menos afectadas por la pérdida de reputación y se abren paso como alternativas. / Between the credit cooperatives origin and new social banking have passed by a century, in which banking systems have going through an extraordinary change. Despite their differences, both kinds of companies come up by similar reasons: Financial exclusion of vulnerable collectives and need of ethical, responsible and solidary responses. These needs have gain prominence in the present social and financial-economic crisis, in which a basic values deterioration and accordingly a growing essential values deterioration. In this situation increase the social banking and cooperative credit role. These tools have been less affected by loos of reputation because of their especial features and breaking through as new credit ways.

  7. Central Bank autonomy in Europe and Latin America: analysis of differences and applications Autonomía de la banca central en Europa y América Latina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rollinat Robert

    1996-06-01

    Full Text Available This article makes a comparative analysis of the experiences of the independent central bank in Latin America and Europe. After reviewing the problems and theories of central bank autonomy, it studies the recent evolution of the Latin American central bank in comparison with the European central bank, high lights the perverse effects of the reforms, and shows that their objective is more the stability of the financial system than the stability of prices. Finally, it describes the tests to which the new Latin American central banks have been subjected and the effects on their credibility. It concludes that these entities have had to correct and pay for the incoherences and errors of the market, and that their independence or autonomy depends on their continuing to ful fill this role, not only for economíc or monetary reasons but for the needs of political and social democracy.Este artículo hace un análisis comparativo de las experiencias de la banca central independiente en América Latina y Europa. Después de revisar los problemas y las teorías de la autonompia de los bancos centrales, estudia la reciente evolución de la banca central latinoamericana en comparación con la europea, destaca los efectos perversos de estas reformas u muestra que sus objetivo es más la estabilidad del sistema financiero que la de los precios. Finalmente, describe las pruebas a que han sido sometidos los nuevos bancos centrales latinomaericanos y los efectos de sus credibilidad. Concluye que estas entidades han tenido que corregir y pagar las incoherencias y los errrores del mercado, y que su 'independencia' o autonomía depende de que sigan cumpliendo con ese papel no sólo por razones económicas o monetarias sino por las necesidades de la democracia política y social.

  8. Búsqueda de información en la Web por profesionales de salud en una universidad venezolana. Un estudio transversal

    OpenAIRE

    Espinoza, Norelkys; Rincón, Ángel G.; Chacín, Belkys

    2006-01-01

    The increasing use of databases in all areas of knowledge has produced important changes in scientific practice. These databases allow for more efficient searches of indexed and published journal literature in all areas of specialisation. This study attempted to learn which strategies were used by faculty members of the Health Sciences Schools of the University of Los Andes in searching for scientific information. We performed a cross sectional study in which the faculty of the departments of...

  9. LA BATALLA DEL ATLÁNTICO Y LA OPERACIÓN NEULAND (TIERRA NUEVA EN LA OPINIÓN PÚBLICA COLOMBO-VENEZOLANA (1942

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio J. Delgado

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The Operation Neuland (Tierra Nueva was the naval action falls within the Battle of the Atlantic. This battle was considered the most extensive and dangerous over the Second World War (1939-1945. It consisted of maritime interdiction operations conducted by German and Italian submarines in the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea against American, British, Dutch, Brazilians and Venezuelans, merchant ships, among others. Through examination of journalistic information, the author's purpose is to analyze the perception of this historic event for the Colombian-Venezuelan public opinion, mainly newspapers. To do this, basically two newspapers were consulted: El Tiempo de Bogotá and La Esfera de Caracas. In the case of El Tiempo de Bogotá, it was accessed the website of this newspaper, in which are scanned hemerographic files from 1911 to the present date. For La Esfera, it was consulted the microfilm room of the National Library, and the additional information was provided by the available literature on the subject. La Operación Neuland (Tierra Nueva fue la acción naval comprendida dentro de la Batalla del Atlántico. Esta batalla fue considerada como la más extensa y peligrosa durante la segunda guerra mundial (1939-1945. Consistió en operaciones de interdicción marítima llevadas a cabo por submarinos alemanes e italianos en aguas del Océano Atlántico y el Mar Caribe contra buques mercantes estadounidenses, ingleses, holandeses, brasileños y venezolanos, entre otros. A través del examen de información hemerográfica, el propósito del autor es analizar la percepción de este acontecimiento histórico por la opinión pública colombo-venezolana, principalmente la prensa escrita. Para ello, se consultaron básicamente dos diarios: El Tiempo de Bogotá y La Esfera de Caracas. En el caso de El Tiempo de Bogotá, se accedió a la página electrónica de dicho periódico, en la cual se encuentran archivos hemerográficos digitalizados desde

  10. Grupos estratégicos: su influencia en el desempeño y la eficiencia de la industria bancaria venezolana y su relación con la cobertura geográfica

    OpenAIRE

    Flores Márquez, Sandra Lizbeth

    2016-01-01

    Esta investigación se centra en determinar los grupos estratégicos (GE) de la industria bancaria venezolana y su influencia sobre el desempeño en el sector, así como su relación con la cobertura y la exclusión geográfica, durante el período 2008-2010. El test M de Box demostró que hubo inestabilidad financiera durante este lapso de tiempo, por ello se evaluó el comportamiento de los GE en cada año de estudio. La muestra se constituyó para el año 2008 por 58 entidades financieras, en el año 20...

  11. LAS TESIS DOCTORALES EN CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIÓN DE LA UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL EXPERIMENTAL SIMÓN RODRÍGUEZ (UNESR) Y SUS INFLUENCIAS EN LA SOLUCIÓN DE PROBLEMAS DE LA EDUCACIÓN VENEZOLANA

    OpenAIRE

    Abel Vicente Flames González

    2012-01-01

    El objetivo es interpretar las tesis doctorales en Ciencias de la Educación de la Universidad Nacional Experimental Simón Rodríguez (UNESR) en los últimos 29 años (1982-2011). Se determinaron categorías, sub - categorías, ideas - guías e influencias en la solución de problemas de la educación venezolana. El estudio se apoya en la hermenéutica filosófica de Gadamer y en el método comparativo continuo de Glaser y Strauss. El muestreo teórico de Glaser y Strauss facilitó tomar 27 documentos escr...

  12. Aportes para la Historia de la Historiografía Médico Veterinaria Venezolana - Contribution to History of Venezuela’s Veterinary Medicine Historiography. 1934-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trujillo Mascia, Naudy

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available ResumenSiguiendo el concepto de Marc Bloch de que la historia es la “ciencia de los hombres en el tiempo”, este trabajo de investigación científica de carácter exploratorio histórico documental analiza las diferentes formas de tratamiento del tema de la historia de la medicina veterinaria en Venezuela, tomando como punto de partida 1934, fecha de instauración oficial de la medicina veterinaria en estepaís. La Metodología de Trabajo estuvo basada en los criterios y postulados de la Escuela Historiográfica de los Annales de Marc Bloch, Lucian Febvre y Pierre Vilar, representada en Venezuela por la Escuela Historiográfica de Barquisimeto, fundada por Federico Brito Figueroa y liderada por Reinaldo Rojas, las cuales promueven la visión de la Historia Social y el Procedimiento Metódico de laHistoria Síntesis o Total con el uso fundamentalmente de los Métodos históricos progresivo, regresivo y comparativo y las técnicas de documentación, estadísticas, entrevistas, geohistoria e inferencia histórica. La investigación arrojó como resultado el descubrimiento de un importante número de trabajos y publicaciones que abordan la historia de la medicina veterinaria venezolana desde sus antecedentes como actividad empírica hasta su desarrollo como profesión y que tales obras han sustentado la formación de nuevos médicos veterinariosademás de que han promovido la identidad médico veterinaria nacional como forma de realzar la importancia social de la profesión y su contribución a la construcción del Estado–Nación en Venezuela.SummaryFollowing the concept of Marc Bloch that history is the "science of men in time", this historic exploratory and documentary research examines the different treatment forms of veterinary medicine history in Venezuela, taking 1934 as starting point because it’s the date of official introduction of veterinary medicine in this country. The Working Methodology was based on criteria and postulates of

  13. Beneficios operacionais e estratégicos das iniciativas de CRM na banca de retalho portuguesa: a importância da gestão de topo, das competências de conhecimento e das competências tecnológicas

    OpenAIRE

    Sousa, Jorge António Batista de

    2006-01-01

    Mestrado em Gestão A obtenção de vantagens competitivas constitui um dos principais desafios à gestão no panorama actual. A sua procura tem levado as empresas a investir em novas tecnologias, bem como, à reconfiguração do modelo de negócio. É neste contexto que as iniciativas de CRM surgem como um dos instrumentos adoptados para responder a esta dinâmica, ainda que os resultados alcançados em inúmeros países tenham ficado abaixo do esperado. Deste modo, procura-se determinar se na banca de...

  14. Replicación viral y producción de óxido nítrico y malondialdehído en cultivos celulares y ratones tratados preventivamente con melatonina, minociclina y ácido ascórbico infectados por el virus de encefalitis equina venezolana

    OpenAIRE

    Salazar de Acosta, Jenny

    2011-01-01

    El virus de Encefalitis Equina Venezolana (EEV) ha causado extensas epidemias a lo largo de América del Sur, sobre todo en Venezuela. Afecta, con una alta morbilidad, el sistema nervioso central (SNC) en humanos y equinos. Existen sustancias antioxidantes que interactúan con los radicales libres retardando la oxidación; entre ellas se encuentran la Melatonina (MLT), la Minociclina (MIN) y el Ácido ascórbico (AA). Se plantea determinar el efecto in vitro e in vivo de la MLT, MIN y AA sobre la ...

  15. Modelo teórico de relaciones entre el sistema de gestión de la calidad y el desempeño organizacional. Efecto dinamizador de la gestión del conocimiento, la satisfacción del cliente y caso industria petrolera venezolana

    OpenAIRE

    Morris Díaz, Anne; Rodríguez Monroy, Carlos; Vizán Idoipe, Antonio; Gil Araujo, Marcelo; Martínez Soto, Moisés

    2012-01-01

    El sistema de gestión de la calidad (SGC) ha alcanzado una posición relevante sobre el desempeño organizacional (DO). Esta relación podría ser dinamizada a través de la acción coadyuvante de la gestión del conocimiento (GC) y la satisfacción del cliente interno (SCI) en la Industria Petrolera Venezolana (IPV). El presente estudio analiza la integración entre los SGC con las dimensiones establecidas en la Norma ISO 9001: 2008. Requisitos y el DO presentado por el compromiso social, cultur...

  16. EVALUACIÓN DE LA EFECTIVIDAD DE LA BANCA CHILENA EN INTERNET PARA LA GENERACIÓN DE ESTRATEGIAS DE NEGOCIOS BANCARIOS EN LA WEB EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF INTERNET BANKING IN CHILE FOR THE GENERATION OF WEB-BASED BANKING BUSINESSES STRATEGIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabián Vergara

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio tiene como objetivo principal analizar la efectividad de los servicios bancarios a través de Internet en Chile provistos por trece bancos nacionales. Para ello se consideraron dos etapas, la primera correspondió a la evaluación de funcionalidades de los sitios Web bancarios, utilizando una adaptación del modelo de evaluación de sitios Web de Hersey, y la segunda a la evaluación de los servicios según las percepciones de los clientes. Para la determinación de las funcionalidades fue necesario detectar la presencia o ausencia de treinta y siete elementos evaluados, según lo cual fue posible clasificar al sector bancario chileno en términos de lo que ofrece o no cada institución. Por otra parte, la encuesta aplicada tanto a usuarios como no usuarios de la banca en línea permitió conocer variados factores referentes al uso y no uso de los servicios. A pesar de que existen algunos aspectos en los que la banca nacional se desempeña sólo de forma regular, en el contexto global lo hace con un alto grado de efectividad. Además, el buen desempeño en el contexto general se hace evidente al observar la gran equiparidad existente entre los resultados nacionales y los de la banca neocelandesaThe main objective of this study is to analyze the effectiveness of the services of Internet banking provided by thirteen Chilean banking institutions. To achieve this objective, two stages were considered. The first stage corresponded to the evaluation of the functionalities offered by the banking Web sites, using an adaptation of the Hersey Web site evaluation model. The second stage corresponded to the evaluation of the services according to the clients' perceptions. In order to determine the functionalities offered by banking Web sites it was necessary to detect the presence or absence of thirty seven elements. This approach permitted to rank the Chilean banking sector based on the Internet offer of each institution. On the other hand

  17. Valoración, partición y distribución de la tierra de los resguardos indígenas en una localidad andina venezolana. Santa Bárbara de Chachopo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samudio A., Edda O.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the process of the establishment of Indian reserves (resguardos in the Venezuelan Andes in the late sixteenth century, and the experiences of their dissolution three centuries later. The main objective of the study is to analyze the appraisal, partition and distribution of the Indian reserves of Merida, assessing the role of the factors that were key elements in that process. The study includes aspects of the extinction of lands that were given with common and non-transferable title to the Indians settlements of Merida. The case of the pueblo of Santa Barbara de Chachopo is here offered as an example.

    El artículo examina el proceso mediante el cual los Resguardos indígenas que fueron establecidos en la región andina venezolana en el tardío siglo XVI experimentaron su disolución tres centurias más tarde. El objetivo central de este trabajo es analizar la valoración, partición y distribución de esos Resguardos Indígenas de Mérida, tratando de apreciar la intervención de los factores que participan en ese hecho; para el estudio de los aspectos contemplados en el proceso de extinción de las tierras que fueron otorgadas, con carácter común e intransferible, a los pueblos de indios de Mérida; en esta ocasión, se tomó como ejemplo el caso de Santa Bárbara de Chachopo.

  18. Evaluation consolidated under Financial Group Banca Transilvania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chebac Neculina

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the components of prudence measures adopted by the competentauthorities with the regulation and supervision of financial markets at national andEuropean level is mandatory consolidation of accounts. Romania as member of theEuropean Union it harmonized national regulations with the European consolidation ofaccounts of companies. For the banks have been issued by the appropriate rules by theregulators authority, concerned by National Bank of Romania. In accordance withnational regulations, companies are required to prepare annual consolidated financialstatements may make such situations according to the regulations or accounting inaccordance with Directive VII of the European Economic Community, underInternational Financial Reporting Standards.

  19. THE INTEGRAL LEADERSHIP AS SUSTENANCE OF THE DEMOCRATIC MANAGEMENT IN THE VENEZUELAN UNIVERSITY VILLAGES / EL LIDERAZGO INTEGRAL COMO SUSTENTO DE LA DIRECCIÓN PARTICIPATIVA EN LAS ALDEAS UNIVERSITARIAS VENEZOLANAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Janett Castillo Pinto

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available At the present time the practice of the address of the organizations increases to superior planes the necessity to enlarge the participation of the workers in the same one, for the sake of achieving superior results; for what roads and methods should be looked for to develop it, especially the educational ones that have arisen with the authenticity of the new Venezuelan system. The emergence of the Mission Sucre in the Republic of Venezuela like genuine result of the revolutionary process that it is carried out in the country have wakened up many hopes in the society for the access to their formation like professionals, although it is a young organization that has positive results, these they could be bigger. The above-mentioned is possible to guarantee it by means of a truly genuine management, recognized by the collaborators (professors and students that participate jointly in the formative process.

  20. University Rankings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Telichenko Valeriy Ivanovich

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The article gives the analysis of university rankings and defines the differences in evaluation methods and indicators of world ranking agencies, presents new approaches to making global rankings. It defines the position of MGSU in Russian universities TOP-100 ranking. University rankings are not simply information, but the evaluation instrument of quality of education, initiating the improvement of ranking position. It’s important for Russian Universities claiming for higher positions in the world rankings. MGSU position in universities ranking made the University administration consider thoroughly the University positioning in the system of higher education, in the categories of education and science and among possible employers of the university graduates.

  1. University Internationalization and University Autonomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Turcan, Romeo V.; Gulieva, Valeria

    2016-01-01

    Turcan and Gulieva deepen our theoretical understanding of the process of university internationalisation by exploring the relationship between university internationalisation and university autonomy. They conjecture that the process of university internationalisation and its sustainability are...... determined by the structure and exercise of university autonomy settings at home and in the host countries, and that the process itself cannot be successfully achieved and maintained without changes in the autonomy settings. The key question the authors ask is to what degree universities, in embracing new...

  2. Creatable Universes

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrando, Joan Josep; Morales, Juan Antonio

    2007-01-01

    We consider the question of properly defining energy and momenta for non asymptotic Minkowskian spaces in general relativity. Only spaces of this type, whose energy, linear 3-momentum, and intrinsic angular momentum vanish, would be candidates for creatable universes, that is, for universes which could have arisen from a vacuum quantum fluctuation. Given a universe, we completely characterize the family of coordinate systems for which one could sensibly say that this universe is a creatable universe.

  3. Zhejiang University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    玄之

    2008-01-01

    In September 1998,a new Zhejiang University was established on the basis of the amalgamation of the four former individual universities,namely Zhejiang University,Hangzhou University,Zhejiang Agricultural University and Zhejiang Medical University,which were all located in the garden city of Hangzhou.Approved by the State Council,the founding of the new Zhejiang University has been a significant move in the reform and development of China’s higher education.The four universities have grown out of the same ancestry,the Qiushi(with the literal meaning of "seeking truth" in Chinese) Academy,which was founded a century ago as one of the earliest institutions of higher learning in China.As a result,they have all inherited from it the spirit of "Qiushi" and at the same time,built up their owndistinctive features in teaching and research.

  4. Fractal universe

    OpenAIRE

    Khokhlov, D. L.

    1999-01-01

    The model of the universe is considered in which background of the universe is not defined by the matter but is a priori specified as a homogenous and isotropic flat space. The scale factor of the universe follows the linear law. The scale of mass changes proportional to the scale factor. This leads to that the universe has the fractal structure with a power index of 2.

  5. Percepciones venezolanas sobre la crisis de colombia.

    OpenAIRE

    Miriam Kornblith.

    2004-01-01

    This paper analyzes the effects of the Colombian conflict in Venezuela and the perceptions of threat of the country's leading political actors regarding Colombia's security crisis. The author discusses the tangible consequences of the Colombian conflict in Venezuela. Second, the ways in which the security crisis has been perceived and politically maneuvered by the Venezuelan government is explored. Finally, the article traces the interaction been the securitization of security and defense iss...

  6. Percepciones venezolanas sobre la crisis de colombia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Kornblith.

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the effects of the Colombian conflict in Venezuela and the perceptions of threat of the country's leading political actors regarding Colombia's security crisis. The author discusses the tangible consequences of the Colombian conflict in Venezuela. Second, the ways in which the security crisis has been perceived and politically maneuvered by the Venezuelan government is explored. Finally, the article traces the interaction been the securitization of security and defense issues in Venezuela, and perceptions about the Colombian security crisis and its effects.

  7. TELESUR y la Diplomacia Pública venezolana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Érico Matos

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available La Diplomacia Pública es el conjunto de métodos aplicados tanto por gobiernos, como por individuos y grupos privados en la conducción de las relaciones internacionales que buscan influir positivamente en la imagen y percepción de un Estado sobre el público general de otro país. En un contexto internacional en el cual, el avance tecnológico y el proceso de globalización ha forzado la elaboración de nuevas estrategias de comunicación entre los Estados, este trabajo propone discutir los siguientes conceptos: Diplomacia Pública (Public Diplomacy, Diplomacia Mediática (Media Diplomacy a través del análisis del caso venezolano; Estado que ha aplicado el uso de tales métodos en la manera de conducir sus relaciones internacionales.

  8. Sustainable Universities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grindsted, Thomas Skou

    2011-01-01

    Declarations on Sustainability in Higher Education (SHE) can be viewed as a piece of international regulation. Over the past 30 years research at universities has produced convincing data to warn about deterioration of the environment, resource scarcity and the need for sustainability. This in turn......, has put a counter pressure on the university, forcing it to review its role as a driver for sustainable development. Today, universities and intergovernmental institutions have developed more than 31 SHE declarations, and more than 1400 universities have signed a SHE declaration globally. However, it...... is well known that signing a declaration does not necessarily lead to implementation. This is due to the lack of incentive structures. The article examines the discursive interaction between university and intergovernmental declarations that form the basis for the design of sustainable universities...

  9. Universe symmetries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The sky uniformity can be noticed in studying the repartition of objects far enough. The sky isotropy description uses space rotations. The group theory elements will allow to give a meaning at the same time precise and general to the word a ''symmetry''. Universe models are reviewed, which must have both of the following qualities: - conformity with the physic known laws; - rigorous symmetry following one of the permitted groups. Each of the models foresees that universe evolution obeys an evolution equation. Expansion and big-bang theory are recalled. Is universe an open or closed space. Universe is also electrically neutral. That leads to a work hypothesis: the existing matter is not given data of universe but it appeared by evolution from nothing. Problem of matter and antimatter is then raised up together with its place in universe

  10. Universal Design

    OpenAIRE

    Işıl Hacıhasanoğlu

    2003-01-01

    Universal design means products and design results which can be used by all type of users in equal conditions. It suggests to benefit the same rights for all users who had different size, sex, age and ability. The difference of universal design from adaptable and equal accessible design is that it proposes equal accessible and equal usable environments, spaces, building elements, equipments and products for all type of users, for all positions. Universal design is introduced in this study wit...

  11. Overseas Universities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inter-University Council for Higher Education Overseas, London (England).

    The following articles and reports are presented in this publication of "Overseas Universities:""Appropriate Technology and University Education," by John Twidell; "The Training of Engineering Staff for Higher Education Institutions in Developing Countries," by D. W. Daniel, C. A. Leal, J. H. Maynes and T. Wilmore; "A Case Study of an Academic…

  12. UNIVERSITY CONSORTIUM

    OpenAIRE

    RALUCA-OLGUTA PACURARU

    2011-01-01

    Human resource is considered to be the most valuable resource in the knowledge society. Therefore the whole education system acquires an increased importance because of its task of forming this kind of resource. On the other hand, a characteristic of these times is globalization. A possible response of universities around the world to this requirement may be found in the form of university consortiums.

  13. Our Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stern, Alan

    2001-03-01

    The Universe in which we live is unimaginably vast and ancient, with countless star systems, galaxies, and extraordinary phenomena such as black holes, dark matter, and gamma ray bursts. What phenomena remain mysteries, even to seasoned scientists? Our Universe is a fascinating collection of essays by some of the world's foremost astrophysicists. Some are theorists, some computational modelers, some observers, but all offer their insights into the most cutting-edge, difficult, and curious aspects of astrophysics. Compiled, the essays describe more than the latest techniques and findings. Each of the ten contributors offers a more personal perspective on their work, revealing what motivates them and how their careers and lives have been shaped by their desire to understand our universe. S. Alan Stern is Director of the Department of Space Studies at Southwest Research Institute in Boulder, Colorado. He is a planetary scientist and astrophysicist with both observational and theoretical interests. Stern is an avid pilot and a principal investigator in NASA's planetary research program, and he was selected to be a NASA space shuttle mission specialist finalist. He is the author of more than 100 papers and popular articles. His most recent book is Pluto & Charon (Wiley, 1997). Contributors: Dr. John Huchra, Harvard University Dr. Esther Hu, University of Hawaii, Honolulu Dr. John Mather, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Dr. Nick Gnedin, University of Colorado, Boulder Dr. Doug Richstone, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor Dr. Bohdan Paczynski, Princeton University, NJ Dr. Megan Donahue, Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD Dr. Jerry Ostriker, Princeton University, New Jersey G. Bothun, University of Oregon, Eugene

  14. Universe Awareness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sankatsing Nava, Tibisay; Russo, Pedro

    2015-08-01

    Universe Awareness (UNAWE) is an educational programme coordinated by Leiden University that uses the beauty and grandeur of the Universe to encourage young children, particularly those from an underprivileged background, to have an interest in science and technology and foster their sense of global citizenship from the earliest age.UNAWE's twofold vision uses our Universe to inspire and motivate very young children: the excitement of the Universe provides an exciting introduction to science and technology, while the vastness and beauty of the Universe helps broaden the mind and stimulate a sense of global citizenship and tolerance. UNAWE's goals are accomplished through four main activities: the coordination of a global network of more than 1000 astronomers, teachers and educators from more than 60 countries, development of educational resources, teacher training activities and evaluation of educational activities.Between 2011 and 2013, EU-UNAWE, the European branch of UNAWE, was funded by the European Commission to implement a project in 5 EU countries and South Africa. This project has been concluded successfully. Since then, the global project Universe Awareness has continued to grow with an expanding international network, new educational resources and teacher trainings and a planned International Workshop in collaboration with ESA in October 2015, among other activities.

  15. The universe

    CERN Document Server

    Osborne, Richard

    2012-01-01

    Where did the Universe come from? The single biggest and most difficult question that there is. From early religions through Greek Philosophy and Western Science man has attempted to discover the meaning of our place in the Universe. In the last twenty years these debates have been cast in a new light by amazing discoveries, big bang theory and ideas about new sub-atomic layers. The nature of Time and Space are truly up for grabs. With a witty and accessible style Osborne leads us on a historical and informative journey through the philosophies of the universe including the importance

  16. Universal Truths.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horgan, John

    1990-01-01

    Described is a symposium of Nobel laureates held in the summer of 1990 to discuss cosmology. Different views on the structure and evolution of the universe are presented. Evidence for different theories of cosmology is discussed. (CW)

  17. USAID University

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — USAID University is USAID's learning management system. Features include 1) Access online courses 2) Register for instructor-led courses 3)Access your student...

  18. Undulant Universe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barenboim, Gabriela; /Valencia U.; Mena, Olga; Quigg, Chris; /Fermilab

    2004-12-01

    If the equation of state for ''dark energy'' varies periodically, the expansion of the Universe may have undergone alternating eras of acceleration and deceleration. We examine a specific form that survives existing observational tests, does not single out the present state of the Universe as exceptional, and suggests a future much like the matter-dominated past: a smooth expansion without a final inflationary epoch.

  19. University writing

    OpenAIRE

    Miguel Zabalza Beraza

    2013-01-01

    Writing in the University is a basic necessity and a long-range educational purpose. One of the basic characteristics of the university context is that it requires writing both as a tool of communication and as a source of intellectual stimulation. After establishing the basic features of academic writing, this article analyzes the role of writing for students (writing to learn) and for teachers (write to plan, to reflect, to document what has been done). The article also discusses the contri...

  20. Columbia University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琳

    2007-01-01

    A private university in New York City and a traditional member of the Ivy League,Columbia University was founded in 1754 as King’s College by royal charter of King George II of England.It is the oldest institution of higher learning in the state of New York and the fifth oldest in the United States. At the time all constituencies of the college agreed to commit themselves to principles of religious liberty in establishing the policies of the College.

  1. PEKING UNIVERSITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Type of Company: Government institution. New Preparartions and Late-Model Drug Delivery System Technical Plaform of Peking University School of Pharmaceutical Sciences is a national technical plaform for developing new and important drugs. The person in charge for the platform is a pharmaceutical science professor of Peking University School of Pharmaceutical Sciences. The plaform selects the following as the main research areas: late-model carrier drug delivery system, biotechnological drug delivery system,

  2. Plasma universe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Traditionally the views in our cosmic environment have been based on observations in the visual octave of the electromagnetic spectrum, during the last half-century supplemented by infrared and radio observations. Space research has opened the full spectrum. Of special importance are the X-ray-gamma-ray regions, in which a number of unexpected phenomena have been discovered. Radiations in these regions are likely to originate mainly from magnetised cosmic plasma. Such a medium may also emit synchrotron radiation which is observable in the radio region. If we try to base a model of the universe on the plasma phenomena mentioned we find that the plasma universe is drastically different from the traditional visual universe. Information about the plasma universe can also be obtained by extrapolation of laboratory experiments and magnetospheric in situ measurements of plasma. This approach is possible because it is likely that the basic properties of plasma are the same everywhere. In order to test the usefulness of the plasma universe model we apply it to cosmogony. Such an approach seems to be rather successful. For example, the complicated structure of the Saturnian C ring can be accounted for. It is possible to reconstruct certain phenomena 4-5 bilions years ago with an accuracy of better than 1 percent

  3. ~PEKING UNIVERSITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Type of Company: Government institution. New Preparartions and Late-Model Drug Delivery System Technical Plaform of Peking University School of Pharmaceutical Sciences is a national technical plaform for developing new and important drugs. The person in charge for the platform is a pharmaceutical science professor of Peking University School of Pharmaceutical Sciences. The plaform selects the following as the main research areas: late-model carrier drug delivery system, biotechnological drug delivery system, mucous and transdermal drug delivery system, oral controlled-release drug delivery system, and four corresponding research teams are set up to study in depth the main problems and key issues.

  4. Sustainable Universities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grindsted, Thomas Skou

    2011-01-01

    Declarations on Sustainability in Higher Education (SHE) can be viewed as a piece of international regulation. Over the past 30 years research at universities has produced convincing data to warn about deterioration of the environment, resource scarcity and the need for sustainability. This in tu...

  5. Functional profile determination "trained" and "untrained" by the speed of the bar on the bench press DETERMINACIÓN DEL PERFIL FUNCIONAL “ENTRENADOS” Y “NO ENTRENADOS” SEGÚN LA VELOCIDAD DE LA BARRA EN EL PRESS DE BANCA [Functional profile determination "trained" and "untrained" by the speed of the bar on the bench press

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. J. Chirosa

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available A descriptive study was designed to explore differences in strength, power and velocity in an incremental load protocol in bench press (PB, to obtain an indicator to catalogue a subject as “trained“ or “untrained” in the PB exercise.. Thirty male subjects consisted two groups, “trained group”, consisted of the participants whose one repetition maximum (1RM exceeded his body weight (BW and “untrained group” consisted of participants whose 1RM was less than their BW. The value of 1RM was 82.33 ± 11.09 kg and 59.67 ± 5.16 kg, in the trained and untrained groups, respectively. The indicator of the level of strength (kg 1RM / kg BW in the trained group was greater than 1, and lower in the untrained group. The average strength showed significant differences (p BW, while when this ratio is less than 1 (1RMKeywords: 1RM, Evaluation of the strength, functional profile, manifestations of strength.Un estudio descriptivo fue diseñado para explorar diferencias en fuerza, potencia y velocidad, en un protocolo incremental de cargas en press de banca (PB, de esta forma se pretendió obtener un indicador para catalogar el perfil de un sujeto como “entrenado” y “no entrenado” en el ejercicio del PB. Treinta participantes varones conformaron los grupos; “grupo entrenados” conformado por los participantes con una repetición máxima (1RM superior a su peso corporal (BW y “grupo no entrenados” conformado por los participantes con 1RM menor a su BW. El valor de 1RM fue 82.33 ± 11.09 kg y 59.67 ± 5.16  kg, en el grupo entrenados y no entrenados respectivamente. El indicador del nivel de fuerza (kg 1RM / kg BW en el grupo entrenados fue superior a 1 e inferior en el grupo no entrenados. La fuerza media mostró diferencias significativas (p BW, cuando esta relación es inferior a 1 (1RMPalabras clave: 1RM, evaluación de la fuerza, perfil funcional, manifestaciones de fuerza.

  6. Stationary Universe

    CERN Document Server

    Shimon, Meir

    2014-01-01

    In cosmological models postulated on the premise of energy-momentum conservation and possibly time-varying global dimensionless quantities, the universe evolves dynamically. The shining example is the standard cosmological model, whose viability rests on a self-consistent retrodiction of several key observational properties, such as the Planckian character of the CMB, early universe nucleosynthesis, etc. In spite of the impressive success of the standard model, key puzzles -- such as the horizon, flatness, and topological defect `problems' -- necessitate the invocation of a brief period of exponential expansion which is presumed to be triggered by a (GUT?) phase transition. Even so, other puzzling features of the standard model remain; chief among these are the nature of dark energy (and its surprisingly low energy density) and of dark matter, and their comparable energy densities at the present epoch. Motivated by the need to resolve these issues, we reformulate general relativity as a conformally invariant ...

  7. Expanding Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schrödinger, E.

    2011-02-01

    Preface; Part I. The de Sitter Universe: 1. Synthetic construction; 2. The reduced model: geodesics; 3. The elliptic interpretation; 4. The static frame; 5. The determination of parallaxes; 6. The Lemaître-Robertson frame; Part II. The Theory of Geodesics: 7. On null geodesics; i. Determination of the parameter for null lines in special cases; ii. Frequency shift; 8. Free particles and light rays in general expanding spaces, flat or hyperspherical; i. Flat spaces; ii. Spherical spaces; iii. The red shift for spherical spaces; Part III. Waves in General Riemannian Space-Time: 9. The nature of our approximation; 10. The Hamilton-Jacobi theory in a gravitational field; 11. Procuring approximate solutions of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation from wave theory; Part IV. Waves in an Expanding Universe: 12. General considerations; 13. Proper vibrations and wave parcels; Bibliography.

  8. University writing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Zabalza Beraza

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Writing in the University is a basic necessity and a long-range educational purpose. One of the basic characteristics of the university context is that it requires writing both as a tool of communication and as a source of intellectual stimulation. After establishing the basic features of academic writing, this article analyzes the role of writing for students (writing to learn and for teachers (write to plan, to reflect, to document what has been done. The article also discusses the contributions of writing for both students and teachers together: writing to investigate. Finally, going beyond what writing is as academic tool, we conclude with a more playful and creative position: writing for pleasure and enjoyment.

  9. University physics

    CERN Document Server

    Arfken, George

    1984-01-01

    University Physics provides an authoritative treatment of physics. This book discusses the linear motion with constant acceleration; addition and subtraction of vectors; uniform circular motion and simple harmonic motion; and electrostatic energy of a charged capacitor. The behavior of materials in a non-uniform magnetic field; application of Kirchhoff's junction rule; Lorentz transformations; and Bernoulli's equation are also deliberated. This text likewise covers the speed of electromagnetic waves; origins of quantum physics; neutron activation analysis; and interference of light. This publi

  10. Human universe

    CERN Document Server

    Cox, Brian

    2014-01-01

    Human life is a staggeringly strange thing. On the surface of a ball of rock falling around a nuclear fireball in the blackness of a vacuum the laws of nature conspired to create a naked ape that can look up at the stars and wonder where it came from. What is a human being? Objectively, nothing of consequence. Particles of dust in an infinite arena, present for an instant in eternity. Clumps of atoms in a universe with more galaxies than people. And yet a human being is necessary for the question itself to exist, and the presence of a question in the universe - any question - is the most wonderful thing. Questions require minds, and minds bring meaning. What is meaning? I don't know, except that the universe and every pointless speck inside it means something to me. I am astonished by the existence of a single atom, and find my civilisation to be an outrageous imprint on reality. I don't understand it. Nobody does, but it makes me smile. This book asks questions about our origins, our destiny, and our place i...

  11. University lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richman, Barbara T.

    In the past year, an increasing number of individual academic institutions have lobbied in Congress for new science facilities funds thus circumventing the traditional peer review process of evaluating the merits of such facilities. As an attempt to stem this rising tide, the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) governing council and the Association of American Universities (AAU) recently and independently issued strong statements condemning lobbying by individual universities and enthusiastically supporting the peer review system.“Informed peer judgments on the scientific merits of specific proposals, in open competition, should be a central element in the awarding of all federal funds for science,” the NAS resolution stated. AAU, meanwhile, implored “scientists, leaders of America's universities, and members of Congress” to “refrain from actions that would make scientific decisions a test of political influence rather than a judgment on the quality of the work to be done.” Roughly 50 research institutions constitute AAU; the two AAU Canadian members did not vote on the consortium's statement.

  12. Yale University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琳

    2007-01-01

    Being one of the world's great universities, Yale enrolls no less than 11,000 students from more than one hundred countries. And the 3,200-member faculty is a richly diverse group of men and women who are leaders in their respective fields. The 260 buildings in Yale include contributions from distinguished architects of every period in its history. The central campus of Yale now covers 310 acres (125 hectares) stretching from the School of Nursing in downtown New Haven to tree-shaded residential neighbor...

  13. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    École de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENÈVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Monday 9 March 2009 COLLOQUIUM at 17:00 – Stückelberg Auditorium Are We Descended From Heavy Neutrinos? Prof. Boris Kayser / Fermilab (Fermi National Accelerator Center, Geneva, Illinois, USA) Neutrinos are among the most abundant particles in the universe. The discovery that they have nonzero masses has raised a number of very interesting questions about them, and about their connections to other areas of physics and to cosmology. After briefly reviewing what has been learned about the neutrinos so far, we will identify the major open questions, explain why they are interesting, and discuss ideas and plans for answering them through future experiments. We will highlight a particularly intriguing question: Are neutrinos the key to understanding why the universe contains matter but almost no antimatter, making it s...

  14. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    École de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corpusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENÈVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 13 May 2009 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17:00 – Stückelberg Auditorium Observing the extreme universe with the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope Prof. Olaf Reimer / Stanford University The Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (FGST, formerly GLAST) is an international observatory-type satellite mission with a physics program spanning from gamma-ray astronomy to particle astrophysics and cosmology. FGST was launched on June 11, 2008 and is successfully conducting science observations of the high-energy gamma-ray sky since August 2008. A varienty of discoveries has been made already, including monitoring rapid blazar variability, the existence of GeV gamma-ray bursts, and numerous new gamma-ray sources of different types, including those belonging to previously unknown gamma-ray source classes like msPSRs, globula...

  15. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    Ecole de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corpusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Monday 28 April 2008 PHYSICS COLLOQUIUM at 17.00 – Stückelberg Auditorium Gravity : an Emergent Perspective by Prof. Thanu Padmanabhan, Pune University Dean, Ganeshkhind, Pune, India I will motivate and describe a novel perspective in which gravity arises as an emergent phenomenon, somewhat like elasticity. This perspective throws light on several issues which are somewhat of a mystery in the conventional approach. Moreover it provides new insights on the dark energy problem. In fact, I will show that it is necessary to have such an alternative perspective in order to solve the cosmological constant problem.Information: http://theory.physics.unige.ch/~fiteo/seminars/COL/collist.html

  16. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    École de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENÈVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Monday 7 December 2009 PHYSICS COLLOQUIUM at 17:00 – Stückelberg Auditorium Topological insulators and topological superconductors Professor Shoucheng Zhang Department of Physics, Stanford University, CA   Recently, a new class of topological states has been theoretically predicted and experimentally realized. The topological insulators have an insulating gap in the bulk, but have topologically protected edge or surface states due to the time reversal symmetry. In two dimensions the edge states give rise to the quantum spin Hall (QSH) effect, in the absence of any external magnetic field. I shall review the theoretical prediction of the QSH state in HgTe/CdTe semiconductor quantum wells, and its recent experimental observation. The edge states of the QSH state supports fr...

  17. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    École de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENÈVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 18 November  2009 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17:00 – Stückelberg Auditorium Highlights of the European Strategy Workshop for Future Neutrino Physics Dr Ilias Efthymiopoulos, CERN   Seminar cancelled! Information Organizer : J.-S. Graulich Monday 7 December 2009 PHYSICS COLLOQUIUM at 17:00 – Stückelberg Auditorium Topological insulators and topological superconductors Professor Shoucheng Zhang Department of Physics, Stanford University, CA   Recently, a new class of topological states has been theoretically predicted and experimentally realized. The topological insulators have an insulating gap in the bulk, but have topologically protected edge or surface states due to the time reversal symmetry. In two dimensions the edge s...

  18. Manyfold universe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We propose that our world is a brane folded many times inside the sub-millimeter extra dimensions. The folding produces many connected parallel branes or folds with identical microphysics - a Manyfold. Nearby matter on other folds can be detected gravitationally as dark matter since the light it emits takes a long time to reach us traveling around the fold. Hence dark matter is microphysically identical to ordinary matter; it can dissipate and clump possibly forming dark replicas of ordinary stars which are good MACHO candidates. Its dissipation may lead to far more frequent occurrence of gravitational collapse and consequently to a significant enhancement in gravitational wave signals detectable by LIGO and LISA. Sterile neutrinos find a natural home on the other folds. Since the folded brane is not a BPS state, it gives a new geometric means for supersymmetry breaking in our world. It may also offer novel approach for the resolution of the cosmological horizon problem, although it still requires additional dynamics to solve the flatness problem. Although there are constraints from BBN, structure formation, the enormity of galactic halos and the absence of stars and globular clusters with a discernible dark matter component, we show that the model is consistent with current observational limits. It presents us with a new dark matter particle and a new framework for the evolution of structure in our universe. (author)

  19. Universal algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Grätzer, George

    1979-01-01

    Universal Algebra, heralded as ". . . the standard reference in a field notorious for the lack of standardization . . .," has become the most authoritative, consistently relied on text in a field with applications in other branches of algebra and other fields such as combinatorics, geometry, and computer science. Each chapter is followed by an extensive list of exercises and problems. The "state of the art" account also includes new appendices (with contributions from B. Jónsson, R. Quackenbush, W. Taylor, and G. Wenzel) and a well-selected additional bibliography of over 1250 papers and books which makes this a fine work for students, instructors, and researchers in the field. "This book will certainly be, in the years to come, the basic reference to the subject." --- The American Mathematical Monthly (First Edition) "In this reviewer's opinion [the author] has more than succeeded in his aim. The problems at the end of each chapter are well-chosen; there are more than 650 of them. The book is especially sui...

  20. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2010-01-01

    Ecole de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 Tel: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 14 April 2010 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17.00 hrs – Stückelberg Auditorium Dark Matter and the XENON Experiment By Dr. Marc Schumann, Physik Institut, Universität Zürich There is convincing astrophysical and cosmological evidence that most of the matter in the Universe is dark: It is invisible in every band of the electromagnetic spectrum. Weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) are promising Dark Matter candidates that arise naturally in many theories beyond the Standard Model. Several experiments aim to directly detect WIMPs by measuring nuclear recoils from WIMPs scattered on target nuclei. In this talk, I will give an overview on Dark Matter and direct Dark Matter detection. Then I will focus on the XENON100 experiment, a 2-phase liquid/gas time projection chamber (TPC) that ...

  1. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    École de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corpusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENÈVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 25 March 2009 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17:00 – Stückelberg Auditorium Hunting for the Higgs with D0 at the Tevatron Prof. Gustaaf Brooijmans / Columbia University The search for the Higgs boson is one of the most important endeavors in current experimental particle physics. At the eve of the LHC start, the Tevatron is delivering record luminosity allowing both CDF and D0 to explore a new region of possible Higgs masses. In this seminar, the techniques used to search for the Higgs boson at the Tevatron will be explained, limiting factors will be examined, and the sensitivity in the various channels will be reviewed. The newly excluded values of the standard model Higgs mass will be presented. Information : http://dpnc.unige.ch/seminaire/annonce.html Organizer : J.-S. Graulich

  2. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    École de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 Genève 4 Tél. 022 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 14 October 2009 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17:00 – Stückelberg Auditorium Long-lived particle searches at colliders Dr. Philippe Mermod / Oxford University The discovery of exotic long-lived particles would address a number of important questions in modern physics such as the origin and composition of dark matter and the unification of the fundamental forces. This talk will focus on searches for long-lived charged massive particles, where "charged" refers to the magnetic, electric or colour charge. Previous searches at the LEP and Tevatron Colliders allowed to put mass and cross section limits on various kinds of long-lived particles, such as Magnetic Monopoles and metastable leptons and up-type quarks. The new energy regime made available at the LHC will probe physics regions well beyond these limits. F...

  3. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    École de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corpusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENÈVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Lundi 6 avril 2009 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR àt 17:00 – Auditoire Stückelberg Hospital superbugs, nanomechanics and statistical physics Prof. Dr G. Aeppli / University College London The alarming growth of the antibiotic-resistant superbug, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is driving the development of new technologies to investigate antibiotics and their modes of action. We report silicon cantilever based studies of self-assembled monolayers of mucopeptides which model drug-sensitive and resistant bacterial walls. The underlying concepts needed to understand the measurements will simplify the design of cantilevers and coatings for biosensing and could even impact our understanding of drug action on bacteria themselves. (Une verrée en compagnie du conférencier sera offerte après le colloque.) Organizer : Prof. Markus Büttiker ...

  4. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    Ecole de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corpusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 29 October 2008 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17.00 – Stückelberg Auditorium Precision measurements of low-energy neutrino-nucleus interactions with the SciBooNE experiment at Fermilab by Dr Michel Sorel, IFIC (CSIC and University of Valencia) «Do all modern accelerator-based neutrino experiments need to make use of kiloton-scale detectors and decade-long exposure times? In order to study the full pattern of neutrino mixing via neutrino oscillation experiments, the answer is probably yes, together with powerful proton sources. Still, to push the sensitivity of future neutrino oscillation searches into unchartered territory, those are necessary, but not sufficient, ingredients. In addition, accurate knowledge of neutrino interactions and neutrino production is mandatory. This knowledge can be acquired via small-scale and short-term dedicated n...

  5. State, Bank and Agricultural Credit in Sinaloa and Sonora: The Banco de Sinaloa and Banco Agrícola Sonorense, 1933-1976 Estado, banca y crédito agrícola en Sinaloa y Sonora: El Banco de Sinaloa y el Banco Agrícola Sonorense, 1933-1976

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Aguilar Aguilar

    2011-01-01

    facilidades de crédito para el desarrollo de la agricultura a través de la creación de bancos agrícolas oficiales y las facilidades para la constitución de bancos privados comerciales.Después de la desarticulación de la banca en México debido a la revolución, se avanzó con pasos firmes en la reestructuración del sistema bancario con la creación de una nueva legislación bancaria, la fundación del Banco de México y la Comisión Nacional Bancaria en 1924; Banco Nacional de Crédito Agrícola (1926, el Banco Nacional de Crédito Ejidal (1935, el Banco Nacional de Comercio Exterior (1937 y el Banco Nacional Agropecuario (1965, que dieron apoyo financiero a los pequeños agricultores y ejidatarios. Los principales agricultores de Sinaloa y Sonora en colaboración con el gobierno federal a través de la Comisión Monetaria y el Banco de México fundaron el Banco de Sinaloa y el Banco Agrícola Sonorense en 1933. Explicar el impacto que tuvieron estas instituciones financieras en el crédito agrícola de Sinaloa y Sonora será el objetivo central de este trabajo.

  6. A University in Paradise: Zhejiang University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    Founded in 1897 and one of the oldest institutions of higher learning in China, Zhejiang University has the reputation as “Cambridge of the East.” It has always been one of the top universities in China, in terms of its comprehensive academic strength in teaching, research and facilities. In September of 1998, a new Zhejiang University was established on the basis of amalgamation of the four former individual universities,Zhejiang University,, Hangzhou University, Zhejiang Agricultural University and Zhejiang Medical University, all located in the garden city of Hangzhou. Endowed with a pleasant climate, picturesque surroundings and a favorable academic atmosphere, Zhejiang University is an ideal place for teaching, research and learning.

  7. Indipendenza della banca centrale, vigilanza bancaria e stabilita monetaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. MASCIANDARO

    1993-12-01

    Full Text Available The overall conclusion of recent macroeconomic literature is that the existence of an independent central bank, which is responsible for monetary stability and increases monetary controls, in the long-term favours a non-inflationary trend in monetary aggregates, without creating negative repercussions on fiscal and real aggregates. The main limitation of this approach is that it does not examine in-depth the analysis of the interactions between the central bank and the banking system, if not considering the latter a passive transmission box of monetary policy. This paper, starting from a general interpretation of the theoretical results related to the relationship between central bank independence and monetary stability - in terms of objectives and instruments - aims to provide an initial contribution on the subject, in terms of theory and on that of comparative institutional analysis.

  8. Indipendenza della banca centrale, vigilanza bancaria e stabilita monetaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. MASCIANDARO

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The overall conclusion of recent macroeconomic literature is that the existence of an independent central bank, which is responsible for monetary stability and increases monetary controls, in the long-term favours a non-inflationary trend in monetary aggregates, without creating negative repercussions on fiscal and real aggregates. The main limitation of this approach is that it does not examine in-depth the analysis of the interactions between the central bank and the banking system, if not considering the latter a passive transmission box of monetary policy. This paper, starting from a general interpretation of the theoretical results related to the relationship between central bank independence and monetary stability - in terms of objectives and instruments - aims to provide an initial contribution on the subject, in terms of theory and on that of comparative institutional analysis.  JEL Codes: E58Keywords: Central bank independence, banking system, monetary stability

  9. La banca dei dati Catastali: considerazioni sul rifacimento totale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Attilio Selvini

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available L’aggiornamento del sistema Catastale italiano, nei suoi diversi aspetti relativi alla cartografia geometrica, relazionata al registro delle proprietà immobiliarie dei tributi connessi, continua ad essere un tema appassionante su cui gli esperti del settore continuano a cimentarsi da molti anni.The Cadastral Database: considerations for acomplete revisionThe update of the Italian Cadastral system, in its various as-pects related to the geometric mapping,  the register of real estate and related taxation, continues to be an exciting topic on which industry experts discuss since many years.

  10. SERVICE QUALITY: A CASE STUDY OF BANCA ROMANEASCA

    OpenAIRE

    BENTE CORNELIU

    2013-01-01

    Scope of the study: The study would try to throw some insights into the existing services provided by the banks and the gap between the customer expectations, perceptions and the actual state of performance. The results of the study would be able to recognize the lacunae in the system and thus provide key areas where improvement is required for better performance and success ratio. Research Objectives: -To find out the level of expectation and the level of perception of the customers from the...

  11. Grupos estratégicos de la banca en Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Camilo Almanza Ramírez

    2010-01-01

    el propósito de este trabajo es clasificar el sectorbancario colombiano para el 2002 en grupos, con base en las similaridades observadas en las dimensionesestratégicas de alcance y recursos comprometidos, así como los cambios observados en estasdimensiones entre este periodo y los años 1997 y 1999. De igual forma se analizan algunos aspectosgenerales relacionados con el sector bancario colombiano.

  12. LOS EMPRENDEDORES, JUGOSO NEGOCIO DE LA BANCA COMERCIAL

    OpenAIRE

    Guillermo Campos Ríos; Germán Sánchez Daza

    2009-01-01

    En este momento de crisis estructural uno de los indicadores que más han caído es el empleo, especialmente si hablamos de empleo formal o de empleo decente. En los países subdesarrollados la salida al desempleo ha sido la integración a la economía informal, que en muchos casos asume la forma de autoempleo.

  13. The Global University Press

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dougherty, Peter J.

    2012-01-01

    The modern world's understanding of American university press has long been shaped by university-press books. American university-press books are good international advertisements for the universities whose logos grace their spines. The growth of transnational scholarship and the expansion of digital communications networks are converging in ways…

  14. Caracterización florística de ambientes de la cuenca baja del Río Cucurital, afluente del Río Caroní, Estado Bolívar, Guayana Venezolana Floristic charaterization of enviroments of the lower Cucurital river basin, affluent of Caroní river, Bolívar State, Venezuelan Guayana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leyda Rodríguez

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Como una contribución al conocimiento florístico de la cuenca del Río Caroní se realizaron colecciones botánicas en varios ambientes de la cuenca baja del Río Cucurital, que incluyen formaciones boscosas, tanto en penillanura como ribereñas, morichales, sabanas, arbustales y ambientes perturbados; en los bosques se hicieron colecciones en parcelas de 0,1 ha y fuera de ellas. De manera general, las familias con mayor cantidad de especies fueron Melastomataceae (46, Rubiaceae (33, Euphorbiaceae (23, Cyperaceae (19, Myrtaceae (18, Fabaceae (18, Clusiaceae (15, Arecaceae (15, Caesalpiniaceae (14, Chrysobalanaceae (14, Lauraceae (14, Poaceae (13 y Burseraceae (12, siendo las más representativas de la cuenca baja. Los géneros con mayor cantidad de especies fueron Miconia (17, Psychotria (13, Ocotea (10, Myrcia (8, Protium (7, Licania (7 y Rhynchospora (7. Melastomataceae y Rubiaceae predominaron en todos los ambientes con excepción de la sabana; Lauraceae, Burseraceae, Arecaceae, Chrysobalanaceae y Euphorbiaceae fueron las de mayor importancia en los bosques, y Myrtaceae y Cyperaceae en los bosques ribereños, esta última junto con las Poaceae predominaron en morichal y sabana. Se encontraron 19 especies restringidas a la Guayana venezolana, de las cuales 12 se conocen sólo del estado Bolívar, evidenciando que las condiciones ecológicas, topográficas y edáficas determinan la presencia de elementos florísticos particulares. Las actividades humanas son escasas, lo que se ha reflejado en poca alteración de las comunidades vegetales y en el mantenimiento del carácter prístino de los ambientes. Los escasos ambientes intervenidos han sido colonizados por especies herbáceas y arbustivas típicas de la región.As a contribution to the floristic knowledge of the Caroní river basin, botanical collections were made in several environments of the lower Cucurital river basin, including forests, riverine forests, palm swamp forests (morichal

  15. Gambling with the Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawking, Stephen

    2002-05-01

    This is an excerpt from Stephen Hawking's book The Universe in a Nutshell. Roger Penrose and Stephen Hawking, Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge, were able to show that Einstein's General Theory of Relativity implied that the universe and time itself must have had a beginning in a tremendous explosion. The discovery of the expansion of the universe is one of the great intellectual revolutions of the twentieth century.

  16. The rotating universe

    OpenAIRE

    Demidchenko V. V.; Demidchenko V. I.

    2016-01-01

    The subject matter of the article is a standard cosmological model of the Universe. Contemporary opinion regarding origin, structure, and evolution of the Universe is of great interest. The answer to the question of the Universe origin is given by the Big Bang Theory. Is it possible to be sure in this theory correctness, which persuading of the Universe origination from the singularity fluctuation, when the World had appeared from nowhere, that is from abstract nothingness, further accelerate...

  17. Adaptive universal portfolios

    OpenAIRE

    O'Sullivan, Patrick; Edelman, David

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to develop a stock selection algorithm with similar properties as Cover’s Universal Portfolio, but providing superior early growth. Cover’s Universal Portfolio generates a growth rate asymptotically equal to the best achievable growth rate over the set of constant rebalanced portfolios. However, Cover’s Universal Portfolio is empirically seen to generate poor early growth. While much research has been conducted in relation to Cover’s Universal Portfolio, much o...

  18. Entropy of the Universe

    OpenAIRE

    Berman, Marcelo Samuel

    2009-01-01

    After a discussion on several limiting cases where General Relativity turns into less sophisticated theories, we find that in the correct thermodynamical and cosmological weak field limit of Einstein's field equations the entropy of the Universe is R^(3/2) -- dependent, where R stands for the radius of the causally related Universe. Thus, entropy grows in the Universe, contrary to Standard Cosmology prediction.

  19. Our Listless Universities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloom, Allan

    1983-01-01

    Students in the best universities do not believe in anything, and those universities are doing nothing about it. The great questions--God, freedom, and immortality--hardly touch the young. The universities have no vision, no view of what a human being must know in order to be considered educated. (MLW)

  20. Universities That Litigate Patents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rooksby, Jacob H.

    2012-01-01

    American research universities frequently obtain and license patents to their faculty members' inventions. While university licensing is carefully tracked and thoroughly studied, little is known about university decisions to assertively litigate their patents through filing patent infringement lawsuits in federal court. Which universities…

  1. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND UNIVERSITIES

    OpenAIRE

    Papin-Ramcharan, Jennifer

    2005-01-01

    Universities and other institutions of higher learning like the University of the West Indies (UWI), are in the business of creating intellectual property. This article describes the importance of intellectual property protection particularly for developing countries. It also gives the experience of The St. Augustine Campus of the University of the West Indies with intellectual property protection.

  2. John Carroll University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dean, Kathleen Lis; Rombalski, Patrick; O'Dell, Kyle

    2009-01-01

    John Carroll University (JCU) is a Jesuit Catholic institution located in University Heights, approximately 10 miles east of Cleveland, Ohio. Founded in 1888, the university has a population of 3,400 undergraduates and 800 graduate students. The Division of Student Affairs at JCU comprises 11 units. The mission of the division is the same as that…

  3. The University Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simplicio, Joseph

    2012-01-01

    In this article the author discusses the role university culture can play on a campus and how it can impact policy and practice. The article explores how a university's history, values, and vision form its culture and how this culture in turn affects its stability and continuity. The article discusses how newcomers within the university are…

  4. University of Petroleum, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    @@ The University of Petroleum, China, sponsored and supervised by China National Petroleum Corporation,isone of the State key universities,The university provides mainly engineering programs,but also includes programs in science and management.Both soft and hard sciences are taught here.

  5. Some Considerations on Universality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manfred Kudlek

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper puts into discussion the concept of universality, in particular for structures not of the power of Turing computability. The question arises if for such structures a universal structure of the same kind exists or not. For that the construction of universal Turing machines and those with some constraints are presented in some detail.

  6. Virtual Universe & Its Interface to Physical Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asija, Pal

    2005-04-01

    This paper postulates a virtual universe and compares and contrasts its properties to that of our known physical universe. A particular attention is paid to the interface between the two and challenges for transition from one to the other. Also discussed is the relationship of the virtual universe to such entities and concepts as dark matter, black holes, time travel, speed of light, mass, gravity just to name just a few. The paper also discusses interface between us physical beings and temporary virtual beings and eventually ultra beings. It also tangentially discusses relationship between body, brain, mind of physical beings with that of virtual and ultra beings. The paper also discusses why virtual beings do not have the same limitations and capabilities as we do. The past, present, elsewhere and potential of physical and virtual universes is compared. Finally possible pathways to discovery of TOE (Theory of Everything) is hypothesized.

  7. Does University Research Improve University Teaching?

    OpenAIRE

    James, Simon

    2008-01-01

    The Research Assessment Exercise (RAE) and the Quality Assurance Agency (QAA) generated a natural experiment in which UK universities strove to achieve the best results they could for their research and teaching. A review of the two exercises and a discussion of the relationship between university teaching and research appear in James (2005). This paper presents an analysis of the results for departments in Management and Economics.

  8. El último intento golpista en la coyuntura venezolana

    OpenAIRE

    María Luisa RAMOS

    1993-01-01

    RESUMEN: El último intento de golpe de Estado en Venezuela puso de manifiesto una vez más la profunda crisis que sufre el sistema político. A traves del análisis de desarrollo de los acontecimientos y de los factores políticos y sociales que lo hicieron posible, la autora señala finalmente las posibles consecuencias que para el sistema ha podido tener este grave episodio.ABSTRACT: The last attempt of coup d'etat in Venezuela exposed one more time the profund crisis of the Venezuelan political...

  9. La contabilidad venezolana en el periodo 1830-1930

    OpenAIRE

    Harold Márquez Caro

    2011-01-01

    El trabajo es el resultado, parcial, de una investigación para la reconstrucción de la historia de la contabilidad mercantil (teneduría de libros) en Venezuela durante el periodo 1830-1930. En 1830 inicia Venezuela su vida republicana autónoma una vez concretada la separación de Colombia. Para el año 1930 se empieza a percibir en el país la Gran Depresión del mundo capitalista que tuvo su detonante más visible el 24 de octubre de 1929. Venezuela ya había entrado al capitalismo por efecto de l...

  10. Alfabetización informacional en las bibliotecas universitarias venezolanas

    OpenAIRE

    Alejandro Uribe

    2012-01-01

    Ante las posibilidades de acceso a enormes recursos de información que facilitan los medios digitales, la formación en competencias informacionales representa uno de los retos actuales de las bibliotecas universitarias, pero además es una respuesta a la necesidad de conocer y aplicar mejores criterios de selección, evaluación y recuperación de información pertinente y de calidad. Ante esta situación, las bibliotecas universitarias iberoamericanas han ido poco a poco incorporando esta formació...

  11. The universe a biography

    CERN Document Server

    Gribbin, John

    2008-01-01

    The Universe: A Biography makes cosmology accessible to everyone. John Gribbin navigates the latest frontiers of scientific discovery to tell us what we really know about the history of the universe. Along the way, he describes how the universe began; what the early universe looked like; how its structure developed; and what emerged to hold it all together. He describes where the elements came from; how stars and galaxies formed; and the story of how life emerged. He even looks to the future: is the history of the universe going to end with a Big Crunch or a Big Rip.

  12. The expanding universe

    CERN Document Server

    Lew, Kristi

    2011-01-01

    People have always been fascinated with the stars above and the universe that contains them. Over the years, astronomers have developed numerous theories to explain how the universe began, how it works, and what its ultimate fate will be. But all of the scientists' questions are far from answered. The Expanding Universe goes beyond the creation of the universe to explain how scientists think the universe works, grows, and changes, including what great thinkers Isaac Newton and Albert Einstein had to say about its fate. Readers will also learn about how researchers are slowly shedding light on

  13. Universities scale like cities.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony F J van Raan

    Full Text Available Recent studies of urban scaling show that important socioeconomic city characteristics such as wealth and innovation capacity exhibit a nonlinear, particularly a power law scaling with population size. These nonlinear effects are common to all cities, with similar power law exponents. These findings mean that the larger the city, the more disproportionally they are places of wealth and innovation. Local properties of cities cause a deviation from the expected behavior as predicted by the power law scaling. In this paper we demonstrate that universities show a similar behavior as cities in the distribution of the 'gross university income' in terms of total number of citations over 'size' in terms of total number of publications. Moreover, the power law exponents for university scaling are comparable to those for urban scaling. We find that deviations from the expected behavior can indeed be explained by specific local properties of universities, particularly the field-specific composition of a university, and its quality in terms of field-normalized citation impact. By studying both the set of the 500 largest universities worldwide and a specific subset of these 500 universities--the top-100 European universities--we are also able to distinguish between properties of universities with as well as without selection of one specific local property, the quality of a university in terms of its average field-normalized citation impact. It also reveals an interesting observation concerning the working of a crucial property in networked systems, preferential attachment.

  14. On universal knot polynomials

    CERN Document Server

    Mironov, A; Morozov, A

    2015-01-01

    We present a universal knot polynomials for 2- and 3-strand torus knots in adjoint representation, by universalization of appropriate Rosso-Jones formula. According to universality, these polynomials coincide with adjoined colored HOMFLY and Kauffman polynomials at SL and SO/Sp lines on Vogel's plane, and give their exceptional group's counterparts on exceptional line. We demonstrate that [m,n]=[n,m] topological invariance, when applicable, take place on the entire Vogel's plane. We also suggest the universal form of invariant of figure eight knot in adjoint representation, and suggest existence of such universalization for any knot in adjoint and its descendant representation. Properties of universal polynomials and applications of these results are discussed.

  15. The cyclic universe

    CERN Document Server

    Chung Ding Yu

    2001-01-01

    The cyclic universe model is a modification of the ekpyrotic universe and the pyrotechnic universe models. The cyclic universe goes through the six transitions: the triplet universe, the inflation, the big bang, the quintessence, the big crush, and the deflation transitions. The universe starts with eleven dimensional space-time with two boundary 9-branes separated by a finite gap spanning an intervening bulk volume. The triplet transition starts when the bulk 9-brane is generated from the hidden boundary 9-brane, and collides with the pre-observable 9-brane. The collision starts the inflation transition. The collision is the brane dimensional interference mixing between the pre-observable 9-brane and the bulk 9-brane. The results are the mixed branes (combined brane dimensions), the internal space (cancelled brane dimensions), the bulk space, 3-brane vacuum, and cosmic radiation. Cosmic radiation generated during the inflation leads to the big bang. Meanwhile, the hidden brane undergoes stepwise fractionaliz...

  16. University Performance Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    For the last two decades the Danish Universities have felt the impact of the international trend towards implementation of New Public Management. The results are seen in the implementation of new hierarchical governance structures and contractual governance system including market based...... quantitative measurement systems for resource allocation and performance evaluation. Compared to other countries the changes in performance measurements and governance of the Danish universities are radical and the Minister of Science heralded them as "the greatest change in university management since the...... founding of Copenhagen University in 1479". The changes took place with surprisingly little resistance from university scholars. The articles in this anthology investigate the origins and rationales for the silent managerial revolution at Danish Universities and the radical implications for the identity of...

  17. Rectors of European universities

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2003-01-01

    Several rectors of European universities visited CERN recently while in Geneva for a conference on coordination between their institutions. The visit began with a welcome by Roger Cashmore, CERN Director of Collider Programmes,and continued with tours of CMS, ALICE and the LHC magnet assembly hall. Photos 01, 02: The visitors in the ALICE assembly hall: (left to right) Dr. Raymond Werlen, Deputy Secretary-General of the Conference of Rectors of Swiss Universities; visit guide Prof. Alain Blondel, Department of Nuclear and Corpuscular Physics, University of Geneva; Prof. Adriano Pimpão, Rector of the University of Algarve, President of the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities; Prof. Jean-Pierre Finance, Conference of University Presidents, France; Prof. Jean-Paul Lehners, Vice-President of the Centre Universitaire, Luxemburg.

  18. Brave New Universities

    OpenAIRE

    Margolis, Michael

    1998-01-01

    Market capitalism, not the Internet per se, is the force behind developing the wired university. Applying market principles to North American Universities will, as David Noble warns, fundamentally alter them and possibly destroy what we think of as a "great democratic higher education system". Ironically, however, students in their roles as consumers are more likely to embrace than to resist these changes. The brave new universities that emerge will be hailed as yet another triumph of the fre...

  19. Relativistic Viscous Universe Models

    OpenAIRE

    Brevik, Iver; Grøn, Øyvind

    2014-01-01

    The research on relativistic universe models with viscous fluids is reviewed. Viscosity may have been of significance during the early inflationary era, and may also be of importance for the late time evolution of the Universe. Bulk viscosity and shear viscosity cause exponential decay of anisotropy, while nonlinear viscosity causes power-law decay of anisotropy. We consider also the influence from turbulence, in connection with future singularities of the universe (Big Rip and Little Rip). F...

  20. Research Universities: American Exceptionalism?

    OpenAIRE

    Henry Rosovsky

    2014-01-01

    Henry Rosovsky - Professor of Economics, Emeritus, Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Harvard University (1973-1984), Acting President of Harvard University (1984-1887).At the top of the higher education pyramid in the United States we find the public and private research universities with their special role of creating and maintaining knowledge, training graduate students in arts and sciences and professional schools, and offering a liberal education to undergraduates. There are about...

  1. The European University Landscape

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Daraio, Cinzia; Bonaccorsi, Andrea; Geuna, Aldo;

    2011-01-01

    This paper provides a new and systematic characterization of 488 universities, from 11 European countries: Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland and UK. Using micro indicators built on the integrated Aquameth database, we characterize the...... European university landscape according to the following dimensions: history/foundation of university, dynamics of growth, specialization pattern, subject mix, funding composition, offer profile and productivity....

  2. Universities as Development Hubs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jens Aage; Lindegaard, Klaus; Lehmann, Martin

    2005-01-01

    Capacity-building in environment and development has been implemented and tested over the last decade through university and university consortia networking. Universities from Africa (Botswana and South Africa), Asia (Malaysia and Thailand), Central America (Costa Rica, El Salvador and Nicaragua)...... technology (ICT); as providers of competent and motivated graduates to fill key positions in society; and as indispensable partners in creating the innovative and auto-learning society necessary to curb poverty and facilitate prosperity....

  3. Universal Licensing System (ULS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Communications Commission — The Universal Licensing System allows electronic filing of applications processed by the Commission. The ULS allows you to indicate the application purpose and...

  4. Dropout Phenomena at Universities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Michael Søgaard; Kornbeck, Kasper Pihl; Kristensen, Rune;

    Dropout from university studies comprises a number of complex phenomena with serious complex consequences and profound political attention. Further analysis of the field is, therefore, warranted. Such an analysis is offered here as a systematic review which gives answers based on the best possible...... evidence found in the research field comprised by the three review questions to be addressed. The aims of this systematic review can, thus, be summarized like this: Which answers can be offered from research in relation to the following questions: What is dropout from university studies? Why do such...... dropout phenomena occur at universities? What can be done by the universities to prevent or reduce such dropout phenomena?...

  5. University of Washington

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The theme of the University of Washington based Center for Child Environmental Health Risks Research (CHC) is understanding the biochemical, molecular and exposure...

  6. Mathematics at University

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Winsløw, Carl

    2015-01-01

    Mathematics is studied in universities by a large number of students. At the same time it is a field of research for a (smaller) number of university teachers. What relations, if any, exist between university research and teaching of mathematics? Can research “support” teaching? What research and...... what teaching? In this presentation we propose a theoretical framework to study these questions more precisely, based on the anthropological theory of didactics. As a main application, the links between the practices of mathematical research and university mathematics teaching are examined, in...

  7. A Universal Reactive Machine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Henrik Reif; Mørk, Simon; Sørensen, Morten U.

    1997-01-01

    Turing showed the existence of a model universal for the set of Turing machines in the sense that given an encoding of any Turing machine asinput the universal Turing machine simulates it. We introduce the concept of universality for reactive systems and construct a CCS processuniversal in the...... sense that, given an encoding of any CCS process, it behaves like this process up to weak bisimulation. This construction has arather non-constructive use of silent actions and we argue that this would be the case for any universal CCS process....

  8. University to launch Kids' Tech University

    OpenAIRE

    Bland, Susan

    2008-01-01

    A pioneering educational program designed to excite children about science and provide them with a real university experience will be offered for this first time in the United States thanks to the efforts of a team at the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute.

  9. The rotating universe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Demidchenko V. V.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The subject matter of the article is a standard cosmological model of the Universe. Contemporary opinion regarding origin, structure, and evolution of the Universe is of great interest. The answer to the question of the Universe origin is given by the Big Bang Theory. Is it possible to be sure in this theory correctness, which persuading of the Universe origination from the singularity fluctuation, when the World had appeared from nowhere, that is from abstract nothingness, further accelerated expansion of the Universe following the Big Bang, and its development up to present with inexplicable source of energy for that. However, in the extreme end of the meta-universe the speed of stellar formations runaway is about the light velocity. Further, there is a new problem, the finiteness of the Universe. There are two counter-opinions, if the expanding Universe is finite or infinite. A very important question arises here, the question regarding isolatedness of the Universe as a system. The problem of the Universe heat death (when the matter will stop its movement is closely connected with it. For this reason it is the time to discuss the Universe entropy. There is a short description of notions and problems with reference to this branch of knowledge, as well as of Doppler and Ritz effects alongside with Habble Law. The authors’ detailed interpretation of an entropy is also suggested. The analysis of the existing model is followed by the idea of the authors about the Universe organization. The style of the article is popular-science. In the first part of the article the existing concept of the Expanding Universe Theory and the dynamical Friedmann-Lemaitre models are described; it deals with the existing concept of the Big Bang Theory as well as the dark energy and the dark matter notions. In the second part the author gives detailed interpretation of an entropy. In the last part the problem of theoretical basis and fact nonconformity within the

  10. Diferencias entre la hemoglobina observada y estimada por hematocrito y su importancia en el diagnóstico de anemia en población costera venezolana: análisis del segundo estudio nacional de crecimiento y desarrollo humano (SENACREDH Differences between observed and estimated by hematocrit hemoglobin and its relevance in the diagnosis of anemia among coastal population in Venezuela: analysis of the second national study of human growth and development (SENACREDH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessica Flores-Torres

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos. Evaluar las diferencias entre el valor de hemoglobina observada y el valor estimado a partir del hematocrito en el marco del Segundo Estudio Nacional de Crecimiento y Desarrollo Humano de la Población Venezolana (SENACREDH en el eje centro norte costero del país. Materiales y métodos. Por medio de un muestreo probabilístico multietápico por conglomerados se seleccionó un total de 6004 sujetos que representan 7 286 781 habitantes del eje Centro Norte Costero (Vargas, Carabobo, Distrito Capital, Aragua y Miranda. Se compararon medias de la hemoglobina observada y hemoglobina estimada (hematocrito/3, usando la prueba t para muestras relacionadas. Se realizaron regresiones lineales entre hemoglobina observada y hematocrito. Resultados. Se observó que el promedio de las diferencias entre la asignadas a la hemoglobina observada y la estimada por el hematocrito fue de -0,3446 ± 0,0002 (pObjectives. To evaluate the differences between the observed hemoglobin levels and those estimated based on hematocrit in the context of the 2nd National Study of Human Growth and Development of the Venezuelan Population (SENACREDH. Materials and methods. 6,004 individuals were chosen by a probabilistic multistage cluster sampling representing 7,286,781 inhabitants from North Central Coastal area (Vargas, Carabobo, Capital District, Aragua and Miranda. Means of observed and estimated hemoglobin (hematocrit/3 were compared, using t test for related samples and linear regression. Results. Mean difference between the values of observed and estimated hemoglobin was -0.3446 ±0.0002 (p<0.001; significantly overestimating the hemoglobin values. Regression models of hemoglobin on hematocrit showed an r2=0,87. In order to correct the estimation, we propose a new formula for calculating hemoglobin based on haematocrit values: estimated hemoglobin=(Haematocrit/3.135+ 0.257. Conclusions: There is an overestimation of hemoglobin levels from hematocrit levels and

  11. The University of Oxford

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭大任

    2007-01-01

    The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford, England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. Oxford was a leading center of learning throughout the Middle Ages. It has maintained an outstanding reputation, especially in the classics, theology, and political science.

  12. Marketing University Outreach Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, Ralph S., Jr., Ed.; And Others

    A collection of 12 essays and model program descriptions addresses issues in the marketing of university extension, outreach, and distance education programs. They include: (1) "Marketing and University Outreach: Parallel Processes" (William I. Sauser, Jr. and others); (2) "Segmenting and Targeting the Organizational Market" (Vaughan C. Judd); (3)…

  13. Understanding University Technology Transfer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Association of American Universities, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Federal government agencies provide about $33 billion a year to universities to conduct scientific research. That continuing investment expands human knowledge and helps educate the next generation of science and technology leaders. New discoveries from university research also form the basis for many new products and processes that benefit the…

  14. The deep universe

    CERN Document Server

    Sandage, AR; Longair, MS

    1995-01-01

    Discusses the concept of the deep universe from two conflicting theoretical viewpoints: firstly as a theory embracing the evolution of the universe from the Big Bang to the present; and secondly through observations gleaned over the years on stars, galaxies and clusters.

  15. Family Bonding with Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meer, Jonathan; Rosen, Harvey S.

    2010-01-01

    One justification offered for legacy admissions policies at universities is that that they bind entire families to the university. Proponents maintain that these policies have a number of benefits, including increased donations from members of these families. We use a rich set of data from an anonymous selective research institution to investigate…

  16. Talent Management for Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradley, Andrew P.

    2016-01-01

    This paper explores human resource management practices in the university sector with a specific focus on talent pools and talent management more generally. The paper defines talent management in the context of the university sector and then explores its interdependence with organisational strategy, the metrics used to measure academic performance…

  17. Trust in Virtual Universities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asghar A. Hastiani

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The number of students enrolled at Iranian virtual Universities during 2004-2007 years, annually accounted for less than 0.5% of traditional Iranian universities enrolment. The low rate of virtual Universities enrolment might be due to a low level of student's trust in this type of educational institution. Students with low trust in virtual universities may be less likely to enroll in distant learning courses. Many factors contribute to student's trust level, including perceptions of the virtual university's quality of education, teacher's skills, academic reputation, etc...We examined five factors (academic reputation, administrative efficacy, size of institution, fairly tuition and Suitable environmental Conditions as antecedents and three factors (student's attitude, willingness and risk taking as consequences of student's trust. The relationships among factors were determined using a structural equations model and path analysis. Our analysis suggests that the academic reputation and the Suitable environmental Conditions for activity a virtual university is the most important determinants of student's trust. Furthermore, the student's trust level significantly affects student's willingness to study in virtual universities. Our results have implications for the development of theories as well as policies for the virtual universities.

  18. The early universe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The hot big-bang cosmology is based upon the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) solution of general relativity. It is remarkably successful model, providing a reliable and tested accounting of the history of the universe form about 10-2 sec after the bang until today, some 15 Gyr later. It is so successful that it is known as the standard model of cosmology. It accommodates-and in some instances explains-most of the salient features of the observed universe, including the Hubble expansion, the 2.74 K cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR), the abundance of the light elements and the existence of structures like galaxies, clusters of galaxies, etc. So now we are able to ask a new set of even more profound questions about the universe. These questions include: What is the origin of the baryon number of the universe? What is the origin of the primeval inhomogeneities that gave rise to the structure we see today? Why is the part of the universe we can see (our present Hubble volume) so isotropic and homogeneous - as evidenced by the uniformity of the CMBR temperature - and spatially flat? What is the structure of the universe beyond our Hubble volume? What is the nature of the ubiquitous dark matter? and so on. The contributed papers to this session included two early universe topics of interest, inflation and cosmological phase transitions. These, and other early universe topics are discussed. (author)

  19. The Pennsylvania State University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burlingame, Philip J.; Dowhower, Andrea L.

    2009-01-01

    Founded in 1855 as the Farmer's High School, the Pennsylvania State University (Penn State) began as a small college in Centre County providing agricultural education to young men from regional farm families. Penn State became a land-grant university in 1863 following passage of the Morrill Act. Today, Penn State enrolls more than 83,000 students…

  20. Universal Design Problem Solving

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sterling, Mary C.

    2004-01-01

    Universal design is made up of four elements: accessibility, adaptability, aesthetics, and affordability. This article addresses the concept of universal design problem solving through experiential learning for an interior design studio course in postsecondary education. Students' experiences with clients over age 55 promoted an understanding of…

  1. Dynamics of Anisotropic Universes

    CERN Document Server

    Pérez, J

    2006-01-01

    We present a general study of the dynamical properties of Anisotropic Bianchi Universes in the context of Einstein General Relativity. Integrability results using Kovalevskaya exponents are reported and connected to general knowledge about Bianchi dynamics. Finally, dynamics toward singularity in Bianchi type VIII and IX universes are showed to be equivalent in some precise sence.

  2. Universal Semantics in Translation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhenying

    2009-01-01

    What and how we translate are questions often argued about. No matter what kind of answers one may give, priority in translation should be granted to meaning, especially those meanings that exist in all concerned languages. In this paper the author defines them as universal sememes, and the study of them as universal semantics, of which…

  3. The entangled accelerating universe

    CERN Document Server

    González-Díaz, Pedro F

    2009-01-01

    Using the known result that the nucleation of baby universes in correlated pairs is equivalent to spacetime squeezing, we show in this letter that there exists a T-duality symmetry between two-dimensional warp drives, which are physically expressible as localized de Sitter little universes, and two dimensional Tolman-Hawking and Gidding-Strominger baby universes respectively correlated in pairs, so that the creation of warp drives is also equivalent to spacetime squeezing. Perhaps more importantly, it has been also seen that the nucleation of warp drives entails a violation of the Bell's inequalities, and hence the phenomena of quantum entanglement, complementarity and wave function collapse. These results are generalized to the case of any dynamically accelerating universe filled with dark or phantom energy whose creation is also physically equivalent to spacetime squeezing and to the violation of the Bell's inequalities, so that the universe we are living in should be governed by essential sharp quantum the...

  4. Universities Scale Like Cities

    CERN Document Server

    van Raan, Anthony F J

    2012-01-01

    Recent studies of urban scaling show that important socioeconomic city characteristics such as wealth and innovation capacity exhibit a nonlinear, particularly a power law scaling with population size. These nonlinear effects are common to all cities, with similar power law exponents. These findings mean that the larger the city, the more disproportionally they are places of wealth and innovation. Local properties of cities cause a deviation from the expected behavior as predicted by the power law scaling. In this paper we demonstrate that universities show a similar behavior as cities in the distribution of the gross university income in terms of total number of citations over size in terms of total number of publications. Moreover, the power law exponents for university scaling are comparable to those for urban scaling. We find that deviations from the expected behavior can indeed be explained by specific local properties of universities, particularly the field-specific composition of a university, and its ...

  5. A university as universal design lab

    OpenAIRE

    Heylighen, Ann; Michiels, Sam

    2007-01-01

    The Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (K.U.Leuven) serves as a laboratory for testing mechanisms to foster universal design. Architecture students and building professionals team up with personnel and students with disabilities to assess and improve the ‘universality’ of the campus. Available norms and guidelines were inventoried and synthesized into a ‘K.U.Leuven Code’, at some points more stringent than the legal norm and henceforth applicable to all new build and rebuild projects on campus. A...

  6. Universities do more

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hendricks, Vincent Fella

    2014-01-01

    In the public eye, universities are typically acknowledged for providing two kinds of services: education and research. But universities do much more—and with a long shelf life, too. Universities also promote classic virtues like to seize the day—carpe diem; dare to know—sapere aude; the value of...... hard work—semper ardens; and to hurry slowly with reflection—festina lente. Good old-fashioned Latin strong suits. The narrative of instilling these virtues is hardly ever advertised by academia. Why not? Partly because they sound almost archaic. But they don’t have to be—especially not in this digital...

  7. The wraparound universe

    CERN Document Server

    Luminet, Jean-Pierre

    2008-01-01

    What shape is the universe? Is it curved and closed in on itself? Is it expanding? Where is it headed? Could space be wrapped around itself, such that it produces ghost images of faraway galaxies? Such are the questions posed by Jean-Pierre Luminet in The Wraparound Universe, which he then addresses in clear and accessible language. An expert in black holes and the big bang, he leads us on a voyage through the surprising byways of space-time, where possible topologies of the universe, explorations of the infinite, and cosmic mirages combine their mysterious traits and unlock the imagination. T

  8. The Universal Recommender

    CERN Document Server

    Kunegis, Jérôme; Umbrath, Winfried

    2009-01-01

    We describe the Universal Recommender, a recommender system for semantic datasets that generalizes domain-specific recommenders such a content-based, collaborative, social, bibliographic, lexicographic, hybrid and other recommenders. In contrast to existing recommender systems, the Universal Recommender applies to any dataset that allows a semantic representation. We describe the scalable three-stage architecture of the Universal Recommender and its application to Internet Protocol Television (IPTV). To achieve good recommendation accuracy, several novel machine learning and optimization problems are identified. We finally give a brief argument supporting the need for machine learning recommenders.

  9. Entropic accelerating universe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Easson, Damien A., E-mail: easson@asu.ed [Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8568 (Japan); Department of Physics and School of Earth and Space Exploration and Beyond Center, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ 85287-1504 (United States); Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-4030 (United States); Frampton, Paul H., E-mail: frampton@physics.unc.ed [Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8568 (Japan); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 (United States); Smoot, George F., E-mail: gfsmoot@lbl.go [Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8568 (Japan); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Physics Department, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Institute for the Early Universe, Ewha Womans University and Advanced Academy, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Chaire Blaise Pascale, Universite Paris Denis Diderot, Paris (France)

    2011-01-31

    To accommodate the observed accelerated expansion of the universe, one popular idea is to invoke a driving term in the Friedmann-Lemaitre equation of dark energy which must then comprise 70% of the present cosmological energy density. We propose an alternative interpretation which takes into account the entropy and temperature intrinsic to the horizon of the universe due to the information holographically stored there. Dark energy is thereby obviated and the acceleration is due to an entropic force naturally arising from the information storage on the horizon surface screen. We consider an additional quantitative approach inspired by surface terms in general relativity and show that this leads to the entropic accelerating universe.

  10. Entropic accelerating universe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To accommodate the observed accelerated expansion of the universe, one popular idea is to invoke a driving term in the Friedmann-Lemaitre equation of dark energy which must then comprise 70% of the present cosmological energy density. We propose an alternative interpretation which takes into account the entropy and temperature intrinsic to the horizon of the universe due to the information holographically stored there. Dark energy is thereby obviated and the acceleration is due to an entropic force naturally arising from the information storage on the horizon surface screen. We consider an additional quantitative approach inspired by surface terms in general relativity and show that this leads to the entropic accelerating universe.

  11. Structure of the Universe

    OpenAIRE

    Haubold, H. J.; Mathai, A.M.

    1996-01-01

    An introductory account is given of the understanding of the structure of the universe. At present the most plausible theory of the origin of the universe is that it formed from the explosion of an extremely hot and dense fireball several billion years ago. During the first few seconds after the big bang, the energy density was so great that only fundamental particles (leptons, quarks, gauge bosons) existed. As the universe cooled and expanded after the big bang, nuclei and atoms formed and c...

  12. Universe of Particles

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Video Productions

    2010-01-01

    The entire Universe is made up of particles. But where do they come from? What is the origin of the laws of nature? The permanent exhibition "Universe of Particles", installed on the ground floor of the Globe of Science and Innovation, invites you to discover CERN by taking you on a journey all the way back to the Big Bang. It will help you answer questions such as: What's the purpose of this research? How do you accelerate particles? How do you detect them? What are today's theories on matter and the Universe? How does this affect our daily life?

  13. Galaxies & the universe

    CERN Document Server

    Homer, Charlene

    2007-01-01

    Get the big picture about Galaxies and our Universe. From the smallest particles of matter to the biggest star system, our universe is made up of all things that exist in space. Our resource takes you through the Milky Way Galaxy, Black Holes and Gravity, then on to Nebulae, Sources of Light and the Speed of Light, and finally to Quasars, the most distant objects in the universe. Written using simplified language and vocabulary, our resource presents science concepts in a way that makes them accessible to students and easier to understand. Comprised of reading passages, student activities for

  14. Type II universal spacetimes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hervik, S.; Málek, T.; Pravda, V.; Pravdová, A.

    2015-12-01

    We study type II universal metrics of the Lorentzian signature. These metrics simultaneously solve vacuum field equations of all theories of gravitation with the Lagrangian being a polynomial curvature invariant constructed from the metric, the Riemann tensor and its covariant derivatives of an arbitrary order. We provide examples of type II universal metrics for all composite number dimensions. On the other hand, we have no examples for prime number dimensions and we prove the non-existence of type II universal spacetimes in five dimensions. We also present type II vacuum solutions of selected classes of gravitational theories, such as Lovelock, quadratic and L({{Riemann}}) gravities.

  15. The intelligent Universe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The subject is covered in chapters, entitled: chance and the universe (synthesis of proteins; the 'primordial soup'); the gospel according to Darwin (discussion of Darwin theory of evolution); life did not originate on earth (fossils from space; life in space); the interstellar connection (living dust between the stars; bacteria in space falling to the earth; interplanetary dust); evolution by cosmic control (microorganisms; genetics); why aren't the others here (a cosmic origin of life); after the big bang (big bang and steady state); the information rich universe; what is intelligence up to; the intelligent universe. (U.K.)

  16. Cyberplagiarism in University Regulations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santiago Cavanillas

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the legal framework for plagiarism, and its twofold nature of illicit appropriation (from the author of the plagiarized work and fraud (with regard to the target audience of the plagiarism. Based on these premises, academic cyberplagiarism is analysed as a form of plagiarism carried out using electronic tools in the university setting. The question of responsibility (who can regulate the legal consequences of plagiarism? before and after the Ley Orgánica de Universidades (organic law on universities, LOU is studied, as is the disciplinary handling of cyberplagiarism with the limited regulations currently in place at universities.

  17. Universality in heterogeneous catalysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørskov, Jens Kehlet; Pedersen, Thomas Bligaard; Logadottir, Ashildur;

    2002-01-01

    Based on an extensive set of density functional theory calculations it is shown that for a class of catalytic reactions there is a universal, reactant independent relation between the reaction activation energy and the stability of reaction intermediates. This leads directly to a universal...... relationship between adsorption energies and catalytic activity, which is used to pinpoint what it is that determines the best catalyst for a given reaction. The universality principle rationalizes a number of known facts about catalysts and points to new ways of improving them....

  18. The hidden universe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Astronomer Disney has followed a somewhat different tack than that of most popular books on cosmology by concentrating on the notion of hidden (as in not directly observable by its own radiation) matter in the universe

  19. Is our Universe typical?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The problem of typicalness of the Universe - as a dynamical system possessing both regular and chaotic regions of positive measure of phase space, is raised and discussed. Two dynamical systems are considered: 1) The observed Universe as a hierarchy of systems of N graviting bodies; 2) (3+1)-manifold with matter evolving to Wheeler-DeWitt equation in superspace with Hawking boundary condition of compact metrics. It is shown that the observed Universe is typical. There is no unambiguous answer for the second system yet. If it is typical too then the same present state of the Universe could have been originated from an infinite number of different initial conditions the restoration of which is practically impossible at present. 35 refs.; 2 refs

  20. On Separate Universes

    CERN Document Server

    Dai, Liang; Schmidt, Fabian

    2015-01-01

    The separate universe conjecture states that in General Relativity a density perturbation behaves locally (i.e. on scales much smaller than the wavelength of the mode) as a separate universe with different background density and curvature. We prove this conjecture for a spherical compensated tophat density perturbation of arbitrary amplitude and radius in $\\Lambda$CDM. We then use Conformal Fermi Coordinates to generalize this result to scalar perturbations of arbitrary configuration and scale in a general cosmology with a mixture of fluids, but to linear order in perturbations. In this case, the separate universe conjecture holds for the isotropic part of the perturbations. The anisotropic part on the other hand is exactly captured by a tidal field in the Newtonian form. We show that the separate universe picture is restricted to scales larger than the sound horizons of all fluid components. We then derive an expression for the locally measured matter bispectrum induced by a long-wavelength mode of arbitrary...

  1. The Universe and Life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduard Kazantsev

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses some of the unsolved problems of modern cosmology, which lead to the need to consider the role of living matter in the evolution of the universe. The author proposes the hy- pothesis of the emergence, in the process of evolution of the universe, “biological vacuum” (physical antipode, which has a purpose of improving physical matter until the appearance of living matter. Substantiates the idea that the “biological vacuum” in the “live” dark matter with the participation of a living organism as an intermediary. The model of a stationary universe, as the local group of galaxies, placed in a halo of “live” dark matter. At the end of the article the author predicts the final evolution of the physical universe (after the collapse of the physical fields and particles as the begin- ning of a new stage of evolution of the “live” dark matter.

  2. Is pionization universal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jet universality, restricted to the pionization region, is discussed both from the theoretical and experimental points of view. We review the notion of topological jets corresponding to hadronization of strings. We argue that the topological jet universality is broken by soft ''ladder'' gluons present in soft processes but not in hard ones. A multiperipheral model for quark jets which takes into account the spin 1/2 of the quark predicts a rapidity plateau of the same height as that of a hadron jet (for one cut Pomeron). We show that the q2 independence of in deep-inelastic lepton scattering favors this equality, which is contrary to topological jet universality. We propose a new test of the topological jet universality based on the local compensation of quantum numbers

  3. The runaway universe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The subject is covered in chapters entitled: the emerging universe (general introduction, history of astronomical and cosmological research, origins, the expanding universe, stars, galaxies, electromagnetic radiation); primeval fire (the big bang model, origin of the elements, properties of the elements and of sub-atomic particles); order out of chaos (galactic evolution, star formation, nuclear fusion, the solar system, origin of life on Earth); a star called Sol (properties of the sun and of other stars); life in the universe; the catastrophe principle (the rise and fall of cosmic order); stardoom (star evolution, neutron stars); black holes and superholes (gravitational collapse); technology and survival; the dying universe (second law of thermodynamics); worlds without end (cosmological models). (U.K.)

  4. RISK MANAGEMENT AT UNIVERSITY

    OpenAIRE

    H. Ivanova; Abramovich, S.

    2013-01-01

    This article observes the basic recommendations for the risk management system in higher education as an example Yanka Kupala State University of Grodno. Consider the risk-management standard that based in a process approach

  5. Universality in string interactions

    CERN Document Server

    Huang, Yu-tin; Wen, Congkao

    2016-01-01

    In this letter, we provide evidence for universality in the low-energy expansion of tree-level string interactions. More precisely, in the alpha'-expansion of tree-level scattering amplitudes, we conjecture that the leading transcendental coefficient at each order in alpha' is universal for all perturbative string theories. We have checked this universality up to seven points and trace its origin to the ability to restructure the disk integrals of open bosonic string into those of the superstring. The accompanying kinematic functions have the same low-energy limit and do not introduce any transcendental numbers in their alpha'-corrections. Universality in the closed-string sector then follows from the KLT-relations.

  6. Universal router concept

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pesch, W. A.

    1970-01-01

    Portable universal router can cut holes of large diameter and irregular shapes, machine recesses, and drill holes with certain edge-distance limitations. Rectangular and round holes may be cut without a template.

  7. University related studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Over the years, opportunities for terrestrial ecology studies have attracted student researchers associated with Pacific Northwest colleges and universities. During the past year, four students have been involved with undergraduate or graduate thesis projects. Brief descriptions of these studies are included in this section. It is expected that university participation will be enhanced by designating parts of the Hanford Reservation as a National Environmental Research Park (NERP)

  8. Entropic Accelerating Universe

    OpenAIRE

    Easson, Damien A.; Frampton, Paul H.; Smoot, George F.

    2010-01-01

    To accommodate the observed accelerated expansion of the universe, one popular idea is to invoke a driving term in the Friedmann-Lemaitre equation of dark energy which must then comprise 70% of the present cosmological energy density. We propose an alternative interpretation which takes into account the entropy and temperature intrinsic to the horizon of the universe due to the information holographically stored there. Dark energy is thereby obviated and the acceleration is due to an entropic...

  9. The Ekpyrotic Universe

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    The ekpyrotic universe is a brane cosmology theory with an alternative explanation of the big bang as a collision between two hyperplanes. We first introduce the reader to brane objects in the context of string theory, and then give an introduction to the standard hot big bang model and general properties of brane cosmology models. Thereafter follows a study of the ekpyrotic universe ending with a presentation and discussion of some new numerical results.

  10. On Universal Tilers

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, David G L

    2011-01-01

    A famous problem in discrete geometry is to find all monohedral plane tilers, which is still open to the best of our knowledge. This paper concerns with one of its variants that to determine all convex polyhedra whose every cross-section tiles the plane. We call such polyhedra universal tilers. We obtain that a convex polyhedron is a universal tiler only if it is a tetrahedron or a pentahedron.

  11. Determining All Universal Tilers

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, David G L

    2011-01-01

    A universal tiler is a convex polyhedron whose every cross-section tiles the plane. In this paper, we introduce a certain slight-rotating operation for cross-sections of pentahedra. Based on a selected initial cross-section and by applying the slight-rotating operation suitably, we prove that a convex polyhedron is a universal tiler if and only if it is a tetrahedron or a triangular prism.

  12. Einstein's static universe

    CERN Document Server

    Soares, Domingos Savio

    2012-01-01

    Einstein's static model is the first relativistic cosmological model. The model is static, finite and of spherical spatial symmetry. I use the solution of Einstein's field equations in a homogeneous and isotropic universe -- Friedmann's equation -- to calculate the radius of curvature of the model (also known as "Einstein's universe"). Furthermore, I show, using a Newtonian analogy, the model's mostly known feature, namely, its instability under small perturbations on the state of equilibrium.

  13. Rotating universe models

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A review is made of some properties of the rotating Universe models. Godel's model is identified as a generalized filted model. Some properties of new solutions of the Einstein's equations, which are rotating non-stationary Universe models, are presented and analyzed. These models have the Godel's model as a particular case. Non-stationary cosmological models are found which are a generalization of the Godel's metrics in an analogous way in which Friedmann is to the Einstein's model. (L.C.)

  14. The universal access handbook

    CERN Document Server

    Stephanidis, Constantine

    2009-01-01

    In recent years, the field of Universal Access has made significant progress in consolidating theoretical approaches, scientific methods and technologies, as well as in exploring new application domains. Increasingly, professionals in this rapidly maturing area require a comprehensive and multidisciplinary resource that addresses current principles, methods, and tools. Written by leading international authorities from academic, research, and industrial organizations and nonmarket institutions, The Universal Access Handbook covers the unfolding scientific, methodological, technological, and pol

  15. Universal computer interfaces

    CERN Document Server

    Dheere, RFBM

    1988-01-01

    Presents a survey of the latest developments in the field of the universal computer interface, resulting from a study of the world patent literature. Illustrating the state of the art today, the book ranges from basic interface structure, through parameters and common characteristics, to the most important industrial bus realizations. Recent technical enhancements are also included, with special emphasis devoted to the universal interface adapter circuit. Comprehensively indexed.

  16. implications for university teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Castejón, Juan L.; Raquel Gilar; Pablo Miñano

    2015-01-01

    The main aim of this paper is to analyse the role of intellectual, personal and emotional competencies as well as technical knowledge - academic achievement - in the employment of university graduates, with the purpose of incorporating these competencies into training programmes developed within the European Framework of Higher Education. This study is based on an initial sample of 118 university graduates in the field of education. We have gathered information about academic achievement and ...

  17. Cultural universals: So what?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Elaine Botha

    1989-03-01

    Full Text Available The search for the elusive "cultural universal s” in a variety of academic disciplines has been motivated b y the spectre of relativism in its diverse guises. The problem of relativism has been thrust upon us inter alia by the inability of our epistemological models to account for social and cultural, moral and cognitive diversity and to provide us with criteria by means of which to judge aberrations like ideologies. Contrary to the general trend I would like to argue that it is not the spectre of relativism in its various guises which necessitates the search for cultural universals, nor is this the only motivation for a Christian to argue in favour of the recognition of cultural universals. Various authors have suggested that such universal structures do exist; that they condition human and societal behaviour and that it would in principle be possible to construct a theory of these structural universals or a "biogrammar" or "geography ” of the universal cultural acquisition device of humankind (cf. Harre,1976, 32; Johnson, 1987: xxxvii ; Tige r and Fox, 1974:17,30. Cross -cu ltural research in both psychology and anthropology has pointed to the existence of such traits, and in recent philosophical discussions Apel and others have pointed to the necessity of recognizing the existence of some sort of " transcendentalia" . These arguments emphasize elements that are common to diverse approaches to the problem of cultural universals. Christian scholars could accept most of these arguments as valid and yet argue in favour of a very specifically modified version of the notion of cultural universals. This essay attempts to develop such a position.

  18. Quarks in the universe

    OpenAIRE

    Rafelski, Johann

    2007-01-01

    Matter in its present form was formed when our Universe emerged from the quark-gluon phase (QGP) at about 30mus into its evolution. To explore this early period in the laboratory, we study highly excited matter formed in relativistic heavy ion collision experiments: heavy nuclei crash into each other, and form compressed and energetically excited nuclear matter, resembling in its key features the stuff which filled the early Universe. In these experiments we further explore the physics of the...

  19. Discrete bipolar universal integrals

    OpenAIRE

    Greco, Salvatore; Mesiar, Radko; Rindone, Fabio

    2014-01-01

    The concept of universal integral, recently proposed, generalizes the Choquet, Shilkret and Sugeno integrals. Those integrals admit a discrete bipolar formulation, useful in those situations where the underlying scale is bipolar. In this paper we propose the concept of discrete bipolar universal integral, in order to provide a common framework for bipolar discrete integrals, including as special cases the discrete Choquet, Shilkret and Sugeno bipolar integrals. Moreover we provide two differe...

  20. Thermodynamics of fractal universe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sheykhi, Ahmad, E-mail: sheykhi@uk.ac.ir [Physics Department and Biruni Observatory, College of Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz 71454 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Research Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics of Maragha (RIAAM), P.O. Box 55134-441, Maragha (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Teimoori, Zeinab [Department of Physics, Shahid Bahonar University, P.O. Box 76175, Kerman (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Wang, Bin, E-mail: wang-b@sjtu.edu.cn [INPAC and Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China)

    2013-01-29

    We investigate the thermodynamical properties of the apparent horizon in a fractal universe. We find that one can always rewrite the Friedmann equation of the fractal universe in the form of the entropy balance relation {delta}Q=T{sub h}dS{sub h}, where {delta}Q and T{sub h} are the energy flux and Unruh temperature seen by an accelerated observer just inside the apparent horizon. We find that the entropy S{sub h} consists two terms, the first one which obeys the usual area law and the second part which is the entropy production term due to nonequilibrium thermodynamics of fractal universe. This shows that in a fractal universe, a treatment with nonequilibrium thermodynamics of spacetime may be needed. We also study the generalized second law of thermodynamics in the framework of fractal universe. When the temperature of the apparent horizon and the matter fields inside the horizon are equal, i.e. T=T{sub h}, the generalized second law of thermodynamics can be fulfilled provided the deceleration and the equation of state parameters ranges either as -1 Less-Than-Or-Slanted-Equal-To q<0, -1 Less-Than-Or-Slanted-Equal-To w<-1/3 or as q<-1, w<-1 which are consistent with recent observations. We also find that for T{sub h}=bT, with b<1, the GSL of thermodynamics can be secured in a fractal universe by suitably choosing the fractal parameter {beta}.

  1. University contracts summary book

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1980-08-01

    The principal objectives of the Fossil Energy Program are to seek new ideas, new data, fundamental knowledge that will support the ongoing programs, and new processes to better utilize the nation's fossil energy resources with greater efficiency and environmental acceptability. Toward this end, the Department of Energy supports research projects conducted by universities and colleges to: Ensure a foundation for innovative technology through the use of the capabilities and talents in our academic institutions; provide an effective, two-way channel of communication between the Department of Energy and the academic community; and ensure that trained technical manpower is developed to carry out basic and applied research in support of DOE's mission. Fossil Energy's university activities emphasize the type of research that universities can do best - research to explore the potential of novel process concepts, develop innovative methods and materials for improving existing processes, and obtain fundamental information on the structure of coal and mechanisms of reactions of coal, shale oil, and other fossil energy sources. University programs are managed by different Fossil Energy technical groups; the individual projects are described in greater detail in this book. It is clear that a number of research areas related to the DOE Fossil Energy Program have been appropriate for university involvement, and that, with support from DOE, university scientific and technical expertise can be expected to continue to play a significant role in the advancement of fossil energy technology in the years to come.

  2. Thermodynamics of fractal universe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We investigate the thermodynamical properties of the apparent horizon in a fractal universe. We find that one can always rewrite the Friedmann equation of the fractal universe in the form of the entropy balance relation δQ=ThdSh, where δQ and Th are the energy flux and Unruh temperature seen by an accelerated observer just inside the apparent horizon. We find that the entropy Sh consists two terms, the first one which obeys the usual area law and the second part which is the entropy production term due to nonequilibrium thermodynamics of fractal universe. This shows that in a fractal universe, a treatment with nonequilibrium thermodynamics of spacetime may be needed. We also study the generalized second law of thermodynamics in the framework of fractal universe. When the temperature of the apparent horizon and the matter fields inside the horizon are equal, i.e. T=Th, the generalized second law of thermodynamics can be fulfilled provided the deceleration and the equation of state parameters ranges either as −1⩽qh=bT, with b<1, the GSL of thermodynamics can be secured in a fractal universe by suitably choosing the fractal parameter β.

  3. El concepto de lenguaje universal

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Fernández, José

    2005-01-01

    The aim of the paper is to differentiate three different notions of universality (ontologic, semantic and weak universality) and to discuss some well-known results that show that there exist no universal languages, due to the semantical paradoxes.

  4. University students' mental health: Aksaray University example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rezzan Gündoğdu

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This study examines whether mental health scores of the university students differ based on gender, whether they study in their ideal majors, whether they are contended with their majors, economic condition perceived and perceptions on employment opportunity after graduation. The sample group of the study constituted 3492 students comprising 2037 female students and 1455 male students attending Faculty of Education (634, Engineering Faculty (1582, Economic and Administrative Sciences Faculty (1097, Faculty of Science and Letters (762, Medical Vocational College (540, Physical Training and Sports College (443 and Aksaray Vocational College (1452 of Aksaray University in 2010-2011 Academic Year. Symptom Checklist (SCL 90-R developed by Deragotis, (1983; eg Öner, 1997 has been used to collect data on mental health level of the students involved in the study. Statistical analysis of the data collected has been carried out using t Test, One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA. Significant differences have been found in students in terms of independent variants according to the general symptom average score and numerous sub-scale scores.

  5. University museums in Sri Lanka

    OpenAIRE

    Suratissa, Dissanayake M.; Nihal, Dayawansa P.

    2014-01-01

    Current status of university museums in Sri Lanka was evaluated. Results of questionnaire and interview survey revealed that the majority of universities lack museums. Two universities, including the pioneer University of Colombo, possess natural history museums administrated by curators. One of the oldest, University of Peradeniya, has a geological museum without a curator. Other universities possess a museum dedicated for Muslim culture, an art museum and an engineering museum. Poor infrast...

  6. Accelerating quantum universe

    CERN Document Server

    Kuzmichev, V E

    2007-01-01

    The exactly solvable quantum model of the homogeneous, isotropic and closed universe filled with a uniform scalar field and a perfect fluid which defines a reference frame is considered. The equations of the model are reduced to the form which allows a direct comparison between them and the equations of the Einstein classical theory of gravity. It is shown that matter in the universe has a component in a form of a condensate of massive zero-momentum excitation quanta of oscillations of a primordial scalar field which behaves as an antigravitating medium. The theory predicts an accelerating expansion of the universe even if the vacuum energy density vanishes. An antigravitating effect of a condensate has a purely quantum nature. It is ensured by quantum transitions between close states of the universe with different masses of a condensate. It is shown that in a state with large quantum numbers (in semi-classical approximation) the universe has to look effectively like spatially flat with a deceleration paramet...

  7. The entangled accelerating universe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using the known result that the nucleation of baby universes in correlated pairs is equivalent to spacetime squeezing, we show in this Letter that there exists a T-duality symmetry between two-dimensional warp drives, which are physically expressible as localized de Sitter little universes, and two-dimensional Tolman-Hawking and Gidding-Strominger baby universes respectively correlated in pairs, so that the creation of warp drives is also equivalent to spacetime squeezing. Perhaps more importantly, it has been also seen that the nucleation of warp drives entails a violation of the Bell's inequalities, and hence the phenomena of quantum entanglement, complementarity and wave function collapse. These results are generalized to the case of any dynamically accelerating universe filled with dark or phantom energy whose creation is also physically equivalent to spacetime squeezing and to the violation of the Bell's inequalities, so that the universe we are living in should be governed by essential sharp quantum theory laws and must be a quantum entangled system.

  8. Recipes for the Universe

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    As part of the World Year of Physics, the Physics Section of the University of Geneva is organising a series of conferences for the uninitiated. Each of the conferences will begin with a demonstration in the auditorium of the detection of cosmic rays and, in collaboration with Professor E. Ellberger of the Conservatoire de Musique de Genève, of how these signals from the farthest reaches of the Universe can be used to create "cosmic music". The third conference in the series, "How to build a universe?", will take place on Tuesday 15 March 2005 and the speaker will be the CERN theoretical physicist, John Ellis. A tiny number of elementary particles are responsible for the very diverse universe that surrounds us. These basic building blocks of matter interact by exchanging photons and other similar particles. After summing up what we know about these fundamental building blocks, their role in the history of the universe will be discussed. Where does matter come from? Where do the structures that ...

  9. Considerations on Contemporary University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teodor PĂTRĂUŢĂ

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available University is the place where learning, training, culture and research are represented in the most serious reason that should be open not only to a certain age, but must provide viable alternatives for continuing education and lifelong learning for all age groups. We must have regard not only a university student, but for all those willing and capable of personal and spiritual development, without slipping, however, to the status of a "school for all. "Providing lifelong education is one of the objectives achieved so far than the Romanian higher education. In general, when talking about the University tend to relate either to the requirements of socio-economic or other levels of organization of education in order to define and clarify the changes and transformations that they know and must know their higher education. The state of the academic community need to reflect the understanding of change processes taking place in university education, new educational rationality, arising as a result of assimilation by the University of new goals and objectives.

  10. The Gravitational Universe

    CERN Document Server

    Danzmann, K

    2013-01-01

    The last century has seen enormous progress in our understanding of the Universe. We know the life cycles of stars, the structure of galaxies, the remnants of the big bang, and have a general understanding of how the Universe evolved. We have come remarkably far using electromagnetic radiation as our tool for observing the Universe. However, gravity is the engine behind many of the processes in the Universe, and much of its action is dark. Opening a gravitational window on the Universe will let us go further than any alternative. Gravity has its own messenger: Gravitational waves, ripples in the fabric of spacetime. They travel essentially undisturbed and let us peer deep into the formation of the first seed black holes, exploring redshifts as large as z ~ 20, prior to the epoch of cosmic re-ionisation. Exquisite and unprecedented measurements of black hole masses and spins will make it possible to trace the history of black holes across all stages of galaxy evolution, and at the same time constrain any devia...

  11. Universally Rigid Framework Attachments

    CERN Document Server

    Ratmanski, Kiril

    2010-01-01

    A framework is a graph and a map from its vertices to R^d. A framework is called universally rigid if there is no other framework with the same graph and edge lengths in R^d' for any d'. A framework attachment is a framework constructed by joining two frameworks on a subset of vertices. We consider an attachment of two universally rigid frameworks that are in general position in R^d. We show that the number of vertices in the overlap between the two frameworks must be sufficiently large in order for the attachment to remain universally rigid. Furthermore, it is shown that universal rigidity of such frameworks is preserved even after removing certain edges. Given positive semidefinite stress matrices for each of the two initial frameworks, we analytically derive the PSD stress matrices for the combined and edge-reduced frameworks. One of the benefits of the results is that they provide a general method for generating new universally rigid frameworks.

  12. University-Community Engagement: Case Study of University Social Responsibility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chile, Love M.; Black, Xavier M.

    2015-01-01

    Corporatisation of universities has drawn parallels between contemporary universities and business corporations, and extended analysis of corporate social responsibility to universities. This article reports on a case study of university-community engagement with schools and school communities through youth engagement programmes to enhance…

  13. The Biological Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dick, Steven J.

    1999-12-01

    Throughout the twentieth century, from the furor over Percival Lowell's claim of canals on Mars to the sophisticated Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, otherworldly life has often intrigued and occasionally consumed science and the public. The Biological Universe provides a rich and colorful history of the attempts during the twentieth century to answer questions such as whether "biological law" reigns throughout the universe and whether there are other histories, religions, and philosophies outside those on Earth. Covering a broad range of topics, including the search for life in the solar system, the origins of life, UFOs, and aliens in science fiction, Steven J. Dick shows how the concept of extraterrestrial intelligence is a world view of its own, a "biophysical cosmology" that seeks confirmation no less than physical views of the universe. This book will fascinate astronomers, historians of science, biochemists, and science fiction readers.

  14. Entropic Accelerating Universe

    CERN Document Server

    Easson, Damien A; Smoot, George F

    2010-01-01

    To accommodate the observed accelerated expansion of the universe, one popular idea is to invoke a driving term in the Friedmann-Lema\\^{i}tre equation of dark energy which must then comprise 70% of the present cosmological energy density. We propose an alternative interpretation which takes into account the temperature intrinsic to the information holographically stored on the screen which is the surface of the universe. Dark energy is thereby obviated and the acceleration is due to an entropic force naturally arising from the information storage on a surface screen. We consider an additional quantitative approach based upon the entropy and surface terms usually neglected in General Relativity and show that this leads to the entropic accelerating universe.

  15. The apparent Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Binétruy, P.; Helou, A.

    2015-10-01

    We exploit the parallel between dynamical black holes and cosmological spacetimes to describe the evolution of Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker universes from the point of view of an observer in terms of the dynamics of the apparent horizon. Using the Hayward-Kodama formalism of dynamical black holes, we clarify the role of the Clausius relation to derive the Friedmann equations for a Universe, in the spirit of Jacobson’s work on the thermodynamics of spacetime. We also show how dynamics at the horizon naturally leads to the quantum-mechanical process of Hawking radiation. We comment on the connection of this work with recent ideas to consider our observable Universe as a Bose-Einstein condensate and on the corresponding role of vacuum energy.

  16. UNIVERSITIES FINANCING POLICY ISSUES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ala CRECIUN

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available University autonomy represented an additional argument against government interference in university education. From academic perspective, the diversification of funding sources and the introduction of changes in the funding mechanism represented positive factors in the evolution of higher education. It is obvious that most of the problems associated with underfunding of higher education are relevant because it affects the quality of education and overall performance of universities. Since the training costs per capita in the higher education system were the lowest compared with the same indicator in relation to vocational schools and colleges in the period of 2005 – 2009, it is clear that underfunding is real and requires necessary measures to be taken to remedy the situation

  17. Universal Limits on Computation

    CERN Document Server

    Krauss, L M

    2004-01-01

    The physical limits to computation have been under active scrutiny over the past decade or two, as theoretical investigations of the possible impact of quantum mechanical processes on computing have begun to make contact with realizable experimental configurations. We demonstrate here that the observed acceleration of the Universe can produce a universal limit on the total amount of information that can be stored and processed in the future, putting an ultimate limit on future technology for any civilization, including a time-limit on Moore's Law. The limits we derive are stringent, and include the possibilities that the computing performed is either distributed or local. A careful consideration of the effect of horizons on information processing is necessary for this analysis, which suggests that the total amount of information that can be processed by any observer is significantly less than the Hawking-Beckenstein entropy associated with the existence of an event horizon in an accelerating universe.

  18. Inter-universal entanglement

    CERN Document Server

    Robles-Pérez, Salvador J

    2012-01-01

    Quantum information theory and the multiverse are two of the greatest outcomes of the XX century physics. The consideration of entanglement between the quantum states of two or more universes in a multiverse scenario provides us with a completely new paradigm that opens the door to novel approaches for traditionally unsolved problems in cosmology. More precisely, the problems of the cosmological constant, the arrow of time and the choice of boundary conditions, among others. It also encourages us to adopt new points of view about major philosophical ideas. In this chapter, we shall present the main features that may characterize inter-universal entanglement and it will be addressed the customary problems of cosmology from the new perspective that the quantum multiverse scenario supplies us with. In summary, the appropriate boundary condition that has to be imposed on the quantum state of the whole multiverse allows us to interpret it as made up of entangled pairs of universes. Then, a quantum thermodynamical ...

  19. University Community Partnerships

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan G. Cooper

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available University-Community Partnerships have been recognized as a valuable contribution to both the academic community and our cities and towns. In the words of Henry Cisneros, former U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Design secretary, “The long-term futures of both the city and the university in this country are so intertwined that one cannot—or perhaps will not—survive without the other.” Increasingly, colleges and university are bringing their time, energy and resources to bear on local problems. They are using their other physical, financial and intellectual capital to facilitate economic development, provide social services, technical assistance and create opportunities for applied research.

  20. Performance Measurement at Universities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lueg, Klarissa

    2014-01-01

    This paper proposes empirical approaches to testing the reliability, validity, and organizational effectiveness of student evaluations of teaching (SET) as a performance measurement instrument in knowledge management at the institutional level of universities. Departing from Weber’s concept of...... bureaucracy and critical responses to this concept, we discuss how contemporary SET are used as an instrument of organizational control at Danish universities. A discussion of the current state of performance measurement within the frame of new public management (NPM) and its impact on knowledge creation and...... legitimation forms the basis for proposing four steps of investigation. The suggested mixed-methods approach comprises the following: first, thematic analysis can serve as a tool to evaluate the legitimacy discourse as initiated by official SET affirmative documents by government, university, and students...

  1. An eternal universe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new generalized solution of Maxwell-Einstein equations (which are non-minimally coupled) which leads to some fascinating aspects of the Universe is presented. The Cosmos has no singularity due to the coupling of longitudinal electromagnetism with space-time. It contains the Milne-Schucking cosmos as a limiting case. This model contains a free parameter (the longitudinal electromagnetic field) which allows one to fix the density of highest compression of the Cosmos. Alternativelly the parameter allows one to adjust our cosmos to the presently observed Hubble constant and the deceleration parameter. The model seems to be a viable candidate for our real cosmos as it allows one to extend the time scale of the Universe to arbitrarily large values i.e., it is able to provide the necessary time scale for the origin of life. It is speculated that the entropy is finite but intelligence in the Universe may be infinite. (Author)

  2. The 4-percent universe

    CERN Document Server

    Panek, Richard

    2012-01-01

    It is one of the most disturbing aspects of our universe: only four per cent of it consists of the matter that makes up every star, planet, and every book. The rest is completely unknown. Acclaimed science writer Richard Panek tells the story of the handful of scientists who have spent the past few decades on a quest to unlock the secrets of “dark matter" and the even stranger substance called “dark energy". These are perhaps the greatest mysteries in science,and solving them will reshape our understanding of the universe and our place in it. The stakes could not be higher. Panek's fast-paced

  3. Anisotropically Inflating Universes

    CERN Document Server

    Barrow, J D; Barrow, John D.; Hervik, Sigbjorn

    2008-01-01

    We show that in theories of gravity that add quadratic curvature invariants to the Einstein-Hilbert action there exist expanding vacuum cosmologies with positive cosmological constant which do not approach the de Sitter universe. Exact solutions are found which inflate anisotropically. This behaviour is driven by the Ricci curvature invariant and has no counterpart in the general relativistic limit. These examples show that the cosmic no-hair theorem does not hold in these higher-order extensions of general relativity and raises new questions about the ubiquity of inflation in the very early universe and the thermodynamics of gravitational fields.

  4. Fundamentals of university mathematics

    CERN Document Server

    McGregor, C M; Stothers, W W

    2010-01-01

    The third edition of this popular and effective textbook provides in one volume a unified treatment of topics essential for first year university students studying for degrees in mathematics. Students of computer science, physics and statistics will also find this book a helpful guide to all the basic mathematics they require. It clearly and comprehensively covers much of the material that other textbooks tend to assume, assisting students in the transition to university-level mathematics.Expertly revised and updated, the chapters cover topics such as number systems, set and functions, differe

  5. University, Patents and Innovations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio B. Zaldívar Castro

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The limited relevance of the patents in the Latin American-innovative-culture of the university context is determined by the omission of new inventions within the productive sector, particularly in Cuba. It is easy to offer the methodological resources together with an automated data system of searching and processing through the establishment of an agreement invention-invocation with the use of the statistics of patents, the International Classification of Patent (IPC and the System of Classification of Industrial Activities. This procedure allows the placing of university-sector patents in a given economic sector, making possible their management for innovation.

  6. Graduated inflationary universes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a simple representation of Friedman cosmological models in terms of a pressure-density relationship which allows the Einstein equations to be solved exactly. The resulting 1-parameter set of inflationary models includes the well-known power-law and exponential inflationary universes together with new types of intermediate inflationary behaviour in which the scale factor expands as an exponential of an arbitrary power of the time. These models can be re-expressed as Friedman universes containing a scalar field with particular self-interaction potentials. (orig.)

  7. UTM: Universal Transit Modeller

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deeg, Hans J.

    2014-12-01

    The Universal Transit Modeller (UTM) is a light-curve simulator for all kinds of transiting or eclipsing configurations between arbitrary numbers of several types of objects, which may be stars, planets, planetary moons, and planetary rings. A separate fitting program, UFIT (Universal Fitter) is part of the UTM distribution and may be used to derive best fits to light-curves for any set of continuously variable parameters. UTM/UFIT is written in IDL code and its source is released in the public domain under the GNU General Public License.

  8. An Early Cyclic Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duhe, William; Biswas, Tirthibir

    2014-03-01

    We provide a comprehensive numerical study of the Emergent Cyclic Inflation scenario. This is a scenario where instead of traditional monotonic slow roll inflation, the universe expands over numerous short asymmetric cycles due to the production of entropy via interactions among different species. This is one of the very few scenarios of inflation which provides a nonsingular geodesically complete space-time and does not require any ``reheating'' mechanism. A special thanks to Loyola University for an excellent community to help this project grow.

  9. Thermodynamics of Fractal Universe

    OpenAIRE

    Sheykhi, Ahmad; Teimoori, Zeinab; Wang, Bin

    2012-01-01

    We investigate the thermodynamical properties of the apparent horizon in a fractal universe. We find that one can always rewrite the Friedmann equation of the fractal universe in the form of the entropy balance relation $ \\delta Q=T_h d{S_h}$, where $ \\delta Q $ and $ T_{h} $ are the energy flux and Unruh temperature seen by an accelerated observer just inside the apparent horizon. We find that the entropy $S_h$ consists two terms, the first one which obeys the usual area law and the second p...

  10. The plasma universe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The term 'Plasma Universe', coined by Hannes Alfven, emphasices the fact that plasma phenomena discovered in the laboratory and in accessible regions of space. must be important also in the rest of the universe, which consists almost entirely of matter in the plasma state. Relevant aspect of this concept will be discussed. They include the response of the plasma to electric currents, the support of magnetic-field aligned electric fields, violation of the frozen-field condition, rapid release of magnetically stored energy, acceleration of charged particles, chemical separation, and filamentary and cellular structures. (authors)

  11. PBL at Aalborg university

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    From the preface: "All the articles in this book have been presented at the International Conference PBL 2006 ABP, that was held in Lima, Peru, July 19th-21th 2006. This conference is part of a series of Pan-American conferences. It is the first time that Aalborg University has participated. At the...... PBL conference in Lima, there were 8 participants from Aalborg University presenting parts of an Aalborg model. All together we had the responsibility for 11 presentations including keynote presentation and workshop. We have found it worthwhile to publish these articles together, because there are...

  12. Universal navigation on smartphones

    CERN Document Server

    Karimi, Hassan A

    2011-01-01

    Universal navigation is accessible primarily through smart phones providing users with navigation information regardless of the environment (i.e., outdoor or indoor). ""Universal Navigation for Smart Phones"" provide the most up-to-date navigation technologies and systems for both outdoor and indoor navigation. It also provides a comparison of the similarities and differences between outdoor and indoor navigation systems from both a technological stand point and user's perspective. All aspects of navigation systems including geo-positioning, wireless communication, databases, and functions wil

  13. The Biological Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dick, Steven J.

    2000-03-01

    Introduction; 1. From the physical world to the biological universe: Democritus to Lowell; 2. Plurality of worlds and the decline of anthropocentrism; 3. The solar system: the limits of observation; 4. Solar systems beyond: the limits of theory; 5. Extraterrestrials in literature and the arts: the role of imagination; 6. The UFO controversy: on perception and deception; 7. The origin and evolution of life in the extraterrestrial context; 8. SETI: the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence; 9. The convergence of disciplines: birth of a new science; 10. The meaning of life; Summary and conclusion: the biological universe and the limits of science.

  14. The bipolar universal integral

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Greco, S.; Mesiar, Radko; Rindone, F.

    Heidelberg: Springer, 2012 - (Greco, S.; Bouchon-Meunier, B.; Coletti, G.; Fedrizzi, M.; Matarazzo, B.; Yager, R.), s. 360-369. (Communications in Computer and Information Science. 299). ISBN 978-3-642-31717-0. ISSN 1865-0929. [IPMU 2012 /14./. Catania (IT), 09.07.2012-13.07.2012] R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP402/11/0378 Institutional support: RVO:67985556 Keywords : bipolar integral * Choquet integral * universal integral Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2012/E/mesiar-the%20bipolar%20universal%20integral.pdf

  15. Transparency of University Rankings in the Effective Management of University

    OpenAIRE

    Marta Jarocka

    2015-01-01

    University rankings are extremely important not only for future student, but also for universities themselves. They have a large impact on the institutions of higher education. A lot of universities believe, that rankings help them to maintain and create a reputation. Ranking systems function as some kind of fashion arena, where universities make comparisons between themselves. Universities want to improve their position in published classifications, so very often they try to change their pol...

  16. Universal Design for Academic Facilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salmen, John P. S.

    2011-01-01

    Universal design (UD) can play a role in many aspects of academic life and is often thought of in the context of learning. However, this chapter focuses on the impact of UD on the design of facilities in a university or campus setting. Universal design has the potential for transforming universities into truly egalitarian institutions that…

  17. Southern Universities: Are They Rising?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitehead, John S.

    1986-01-01

    This essay reviews four recent works on Southern universities: (1) "The University of Georgia: A Bicentennial History" (Dyer, 1985); (2) "A Pictorial History of the University of Georgia" (Boney, 1984); (3) To Foster Knowledge: A History of the University of Tennessee 1794-1970" (Montgomery, et al., 1984); and (4) "Gone with the Ivy: A Biography…

  18. Some operations on database universes

    OpenAIRE

    Brock, E.O. de

    1997-01-01

    Operations such as integration or modularization of databases can be considered as operations on database universes. This paper describes some operations on database universes. Formally, a database universe is a special kind of table. It turns out that various operations on tables constitute interesting operations on database universes as well.

  19. Universities Venture into Venture Capitalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desruisseaux, Paul

    2000-01-01

    Reports that some universities are starting their own venture-capital funds to develop campus companies, or are investing endowment funds with established venture-capital firms inclined to finance potential spinoffs from campus research. Examples cited are from the University of Alabama, Vanderbilt University (Tennessee), University of…

  20. Evolution of the Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Primack, Joel

    2006-04-01

    Cosmology is in the midst of a scientific revolution that is establishing its lasting foundations. The good agreement between many different sorts of observations and the predictions of the now-standard Lambda Cold Dark Matter (LCDM) theory gives us hope that this is humanity's first picture of the history of the universe as a whole that might actually be true. An unexpected feature of this new picture is that we humans appear to be central or special in many ways -- for example, we are made of the rarest stuff in the universe (stardust); we are intermediate in size between the smallest possible size (the Planck length) and the largest size (the cosmic horizon); and we are living at a pivotal time: the period in the history of the universe when its expansion began to accelerate rather than slow down, and in the middle of the ten-billion-year lifetime of our solar system and of the billion year most habitable period of our planet, and at what must be the end of the exponential growth of human impact on the earth. This talk will review key observations that support modern cosmology, describe some symbolic ways of understanding the modern cosmos, and discuss some possible implications of a cosmic perspective for our 21st century worldview. Based on a new book, The View from the Center of the Universe: Discovering Our Extraordinary Place in the Cosmos, by Joel R. Primack and Nancy Ellen Abrams (Riverhead Books, April 2006).

  1. Howard University Bookstore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maxon, Hazel Carter; Negron, Jaime

    1977-01-01

    Two full-time university bookstores, with three satellites helping during rush period, serve the Howard students and faculty. Solutions to problems of space, acquiring used books, and communications with faculty members are discussed, and the successful retailing of black studies books is described. (LBH)

  2. University Museum Flourishing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANGJIAMING

    2003-01-01

    When the Southwest University for Nationalities was first built in 1951,Wang Weizhou, Director of the Southwest Commission of Civil Affairs and President of the college contributed to the college for storage all the ethnic cultural relics that were presented to the Southwest Commission of Civil

  3. Making "The Mechanical Universe"

    OpenAIRE

    Goodstein, David L.; Olenick, Richard P.

    1988-01-01

    ‘‘The Mechanical Universe and Beyond’’ is an introductory college‐level physics telecourse, including calculus, made for broadcast television and classroom use. This article describes the inception and history of the project and the techniques and strategies that were used in producing it. A project to adapt the series for use in high schools is also discussed.

  4. University City Core Plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Philadelphia City Planning Commission, PA.

    A redevelopment plan for an urban core area of about 300 acres was warranted by--(1) unsuitable building conditions, (2) undesirable land usage, and (3) faulty traffic circulation. The plan includes expansion of two universities and creation of a regional science center, high school, and medical center. Guidelines for proposed land use and zoning…

  5. Ranganathan : A Universal Librarian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abulfazale M. Fazle Kabir

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available In formulating Five Laws of Library Science Ranganathan has made a lasting and fundamental contribution to the philosophy of library patron service. His Colon Classification has provided a scheme for hierarchical design of faceted subject classification. For such valuable contribution to the profession he has been acclaimed as a universal librarian.

  6. University Statistics. Third Issue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela S. Giba

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Based on the CONEAU document "Accredited postgraduate courses in the Argentinian Republic-2013” the state of university graduate programs accredited under the provisions of Law No. 24,512 on Higher Education (SLE is analyzed, as compared in numb  ers to previous calls.

  7. Type II universal spacetimes

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hervik, S.; Málek, Tomáš; Pravda, Vojtěch; Pravdová, Alena

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 32, č. 24 (2015), s. 245012. ISSN 0264-9381 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-10042S Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : einstein spacetimes * generalized gravities * universal spacetimes Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 3.168, year: 2014 http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0264-9381/32/24/245012

  8. University Student Online Plagiarism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yu-mei

    2008-01-01

    This article reports a study investigating university student online plagiarism. The following questions are investigated: (a) What is the incidence of student online plagiarism? (b) What are student perceptions regarding online plagiarism? (c) Are there any differences in terms of student perceptions of online plagiarism and print plagiarism? (d)…

  9. A Universe of Questions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeldovich, Yakov

    1992-01-01

    Reprinted from the original Russian manuscript of Yakov Zeldovich, this article chronicles his studies of the universe and his attempts to construct a theory of its evolution. He provides the high school student with compelling cosmological discussions about uniformity, galactic clusters, radiation, evolution, the big bang, and gravitational…

  10. Universal Cable Brackets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanvalkenburgh, C.

    1985-01-01

    Concept allows routing easily changed. No custom hardware required in concept. Instead, standard brackets cut to length and installed at selected locations along cable route. If cable route is changed, brackets simply moved to new locations. Concept for "universal" cable brackets make it easy to route electrical cable around and through virtually any structure.

  11. Understanding University Undergraduate Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molinero, Cecilio Mar

    1990-01-01

    Much marketing information can be obtained for admissions policy formation and forecasting from existing data sources, including course perceptions, the nature of the competition, and the admissions policies of the competition. The British university application system would benefit by exploiting computer applications of this concept. (MSE)

  12. A Universal Phylogenetic Tree.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Offner, Susan

    2001-01-01

    Presents a universal phylogenetic tree suitable for use in high school and college-level biology classrooms. Illustrates the antiquity of life and that all life is related, even if it dates back 3.5 billion years. Reflects important evolutionary relationships and provides an exciting way to learn about the history of life. (SAH)

  13. The University and Freedom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Benno

    1992-01-01

    The president of Yale University examines the tension between the values of community and harmony and of intellectual freedom on college campuses. He notes incidents at various campuses opposing expressions deemed offensive to some groups. He opposes suppression of unpopular voices (even if seemingly bigoted) and supports freedom of thought and…

  14. University of Nevada, Reno

    Science.gov (United States)

    Library Journal, 2004

    2004-01-01

    A $10 million gift will help the University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), begin construction next year on a new $66 million "Knowledge Center." The donation comes in $5 million gifts from Reno-based International Game Technology (IGT), a slot machine manufacturer, and from former IGT chair Chuck Mathewson and his wife, Ann. UNR's current library was…

  15. Romanians decipher the Universe

    CERN Multimedia

    Balan, Sorin

    2007-01-01

    We are at the European Nuclear Research Center, the greatest partcile accelerator in the world. Approximately 50 people work here. Thanks to them, Romania can be proud of taking part in the greatest experiment in the world that tries to find an explanation for the ofrmation of the Universe. (1,5 page)

  16. Revisiting Universal Grammar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MEISEL Jürgen M.

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper sketches various specific scenarios within the Principles and Parameter Theory under which the question of whether Universal Grammar remains accessible to second language learners should be addressed. It also discusses some implications of several approaches to this issue and offers some speculation as to how the question is to be reformulated in the context of the Minimalist Program.

  17. Should Universities Promote Employability?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCowan, Tristan

    2015-01-01

    Employability is becoming increasingly central to the mission and functioning of universities, spurred on by national and supranational agencies, and the demands of marketisation. This article provides a response to the normative dimensions of the question, progressing through four stages: first, there is a brief consideration of the meaning and…

  18. Ranganathan : A Universal Librarian

    OpenAIRE

    Abulfazale M. Fazle Kabir

    2003-01-01

    In formulating Five Laws of Library Science Ranganathan has made a lasting and fundamental contribution to the philosophy of library patron service. His Colon Classification has provided a scheme for hierarchical design of faceted subject classification. For such valuable contribution to the profession he has been acclaimed as a universal librarian.

  19. Reform in Canadian Universities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Small, J. M.

    1994-01-01

    A survey of 67 Canadian university vice presidents and 66 deans concerning reform in recent years found that the many changes reported were modest and reactive rather than bold and proactive. Most common changes involved strategic planning, retrenchment, curriculum expansion, response to enrollment changes, administrative restructuring, and more…

  20. University Libraries in Transition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyatt, James A.

    1986-01-01

    College and university libraries are experiencing change in the ways they provide services and in their responses to rising costs and reduced financial support. These conditions result from three major phenomena: the information explosion, the technology revolution, and escalating library costs. (MLW)

  1. Organizing University Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Thomas E.

    During a period of projected declining enrollments some years ago, colleges and universities began looking to business and industry for models and methods to achieve stability and exhibit accountability. Zero-based budgeting, computerized record keeping, and planned-programmed-budgeting systems found their way to college campuses. A trend to…

  2. Discrete bipolar universal integrals

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Greco, S.; Mesiar, Radko; Rindone, F.

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 252, č. 1 (2014), s. 55-65. ISSN 0165-0114 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP402/11/0378 Institutional support: RVO:67985556 Keywords : bipolar integral * universal integral * Choquet integral Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 1.986, year: 2014 http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2014/E/mesiar-0432224.pdf

  3. Parallel universes beguile science

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    A staple of mind-bending science fiction, the possibility of multiple universes has long intrigued hard-nosed physicists, mathematicians and cosmologists too. We may not be able -- as least not yet -- to prove they exist, many serious scientists say, but there are plenty of reasons to think that parallel dimensions are more than figments of eggheaded imagination.

  4. Mapping the Universe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landy, S. D.

    1999-06-01

    Galaxies congregate into clusters, clusters amass into superclusters and so on - at every observed scale, as astronomers build maps of the sky, they find matter organized into clumps. Yet taken as a whole, the texture of the universe is smooth, in keeping with theory. A new "music of the spheres" may explain how ordered structures emerged from the original smooth chaos.

  5. The Universe's First Fireworks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    [figure removed for brevity, see original site] [figure removed for brevity, see original site] [figure removed for brevity, see original site] Poster VersionFigure 1Figure 2 This is an image from NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope of stars and galaxies in the Ursa Major constellation. This infrared image covers a region of space so large that light would take up to 100 million years to travel across it. Figure 1 is the same image after stars, galaxies and other sources were masked out. The remaining background light is from a period of time when the universe was less than one billion years old, and most likely originated from the universe's very first groups of objects -- either huge stars or voracious black holes. Darker shades in the image on the left correspond to dimmer parts of the background glow, while yellow and white show the brightest light. Brief History of the Universe In figure 2, the artist's timeline chronicles the history of the universe, from its explosive beginning to its mature, present-day state. Our universe began in a tremendous explosion known as the Big Bang about 13.7 billion years ago (left side of strip). Observations by NASA's Cosmic Background Explorer and Wilkinson Anisotropy Microwave Probe revealed microwave light from this very early epoch, about 400,000 years after the Big Bang, providing strong evidence that our universe did blast into existence. Results from the Cosmic Background Explorer were honored with the 2006 Nobel Prize for Physics. A period of darkness ensued, until about a few hundred million years later, when the first objects flooded the universe with light. This first light is believed to have been captured in data from NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope. The light detected by Spitzer would have originated as visible and ultraviolet light, then stretched, or redshifted, to lower-energy infrared wavelengths during its long voyage to reach us across expanding space. The light detected by the Cosmic Background Explorer and the

  6. Incentives and invention in universities

    OpenAIRE

    Saul Lach; Mark Schankerman

    2003-01-01

    We show that economic incentives affect the number and commercial value of inventions generated in universities. Using panel data for 102 U.S. universities during the period 1991-1999, we find that universities which give higher royalty shares to academic scientists generate more inventions and higher license income, controlling for other factors including university size, quality, research funding and technology licensing inputs. The incentive effects are much larger in private universities ...

  7. Universe or Multiverse?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carr, Bernard

    2009-08-01

    Part I. Overviews: 1. Introduction and overview Bernard Carr; 2. Living in the multiverse Steven Weinberg; 3. Enlightenment, knowledge, ignorance, temptation Frank Wilczek; Part II. Cosmology and Astrophysics: 4. Cosmology and the multiverse Martin J. Rees; 5. The anthropic principle revisited Bernard Carr; 6. Cosmology from the top down Stephen Hawking; 7. The multiverse hierarchy Max Tegmark; 8. The inflationary universe Andrei Linde; 9. A model of anthropic reasoning: the dark to ordinary matter ratio Frank Wilczek; 10. Anthropic predictions: the case of the cosmological constant Alexander Vilenkin; 11. The definition and classification of universes James D. Bjorken; 12. M/string theory and anthropic reasoning Renata Kallosh; 13. The anthropic principle, dark energy and the LHC Savas Dimopoulos and Scott Thomas; Part III. Particle Physics and Quantum Theory: 14. Quarks, electrons and atoms in closely related universes Craig J. Hogan; 15. The fine-tuning problems of particle physics and anthropic mechanisms John F. Donoghue; 16. The anthropic landscape of string theory Leonard Susskind; 17. Cosmology and the many worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics Viatcheslav Mukhanov; 18. Anthropic reasoning and quantum cosmology James B. Hartle; 19. Micro-anthropic principle for quantum theory Brandon Carter; Part IV. More General Philosophical Issues: 20. Scientific alternatives to the anthropic principle Lee Smolin; 21. Making predictions in a multiverse: conundrums, dangers, coincidences Anthony Aguirre; 22. Multiverses: description, uniqueness and testing George Ellis; 23. Predictions and tests of multiverse theories Don N. Page; 24. Observation selection theory and cosmological fine-tuning Nick Bostrom; 25. Are anthropic arguments, involving multiverses and beyond, legitimate? William R. Stoeger; 26. The multiverse hypothesis: a theistic perspective Robin Collins; 27. Living in a simulated universe John D. Barrow; 28. Universes galore: where will it all end? Paul

  8. The Artful Universe Expanded

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrow, John D.

    2005-07-01

    Our love of art, writes John Barrow, is the end product of millions of years of evolution. How we react to a beautiful painting or symphony draws upon instincts laid down long before humans existed. Now, in this enhanced edition of the highly popular The Artful Universe , Barrow further explores the close ties between our aesthetic appreciation and the basic nature of the Universe. Barrow argues that the laws of the Universe have imprinted themselves upon our thoughts and actions in subtle and unexpected ways. Why do we like certain types of art or music? What games and puzzles do we find challenging? Why do so many myths and legends have common elements? In this eclectic and entertaining survey, Barrow answers these questions and more as he explains how the landscape of the Universe has influenced the development of philosophy and mythology, and how millions of years of evolutionary history have fashioned our attraction to certain patterns of sound and color. Barrow casts the story of human creativity and thought in a fascinating light, considering such diverse topics as our instinct for language, the origins and uses of color in nature, why we divide time into intervals as we do, the sources of our appreciation of landscape painting, and whether computer-generated fractal art is really art. Drawing on a wide variety of examples, from the theological questions raised by St. Augustine and C.S. Lewis to the relationship between the pure math of Pythagoras and the music of the Beatles, The Artful Universe Expanded covers new ground and enters a wide-ranging debate about the meaning and significance of the links between art and science.

  9. How much we know about university internationalization and university autonomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Turcan, Romeo V.; Gullieva, Valeria

    2013-01-01

    in their mission statements and strategic plans. Conventional wisdom suggests that universities should adapt their strategies, resources, and structures and organizations to international environments. However, recent examples of university internationalization failures and withdrawals from...... international markets raise concerns about the sustainability of university internationalization efforts as well as about the erosion of individual and university-wide autonomy. Herein, we conjecture that the process of university internationalization and its sustainability is determined by the structure and......In this paper we aim to deepen our theoretical and practical understanding of internationalization of universities by exploring the relationship between university internationalization and university autonomy. It has become an accepted practice for universities to incorporate internationalization...

  10. Do tipo textual ao gênero de texto. A redação no vestibular / From textual type to textual genre. The essay in the university entrance exam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Helena Cruz Pistori

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Os atuais documentos oficiais elaborados pelo Ministério da Educação no Brasil têm preconizado o ensino da produção textual por meio do gênero - discursivo ou textual. Seguindo essa linha, o exame vestibular de ingresso a uma das maiores universidades paulistas de 2011 também solicitou dos candidatos a elaboração de três textos, de diferentes gêneros. Com o objetivo de verificar que horizontes teórico-metodológicos fundamentaram a elaboração daquele exame, analisamos os textos do (1 Manual do Candidato, da (2 Prova de redação e da (3 Expectativa da banca. Nosso parâmetro teórico é o conceito de gênero discursivo conforme desenvolvido pelos membros do Círculo de Bakhtin desde 1920. Observamos, então, como essa nova proposta visa avaliar as características que a Universidade espera encontrar em cada um de seus alunos; como utiliza o arsenal teórico nos textos analisados e como garante a avaliação da capacidade argumentativa dos candidatos. Finalmente, sugerimos a possibilidade de trabalho com o gênero “dissertação escolar”.Today's official documents drawn up by the Ministry of Education in Brazil have advocated that textual production should be taught by the concepts of speech genre or textual genre. Following this guideline, the 2011 edition of the entrance exam, vestibular, of one of the most important universities in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, asked its candidates to write three texts, each one belonging to a different genre. In order to verify the theoretical-methodological horizons that motivated the elaboration of that exam, we analyzed the texts of (1 the candidate's guidelines, (2 the examination essay and (3 the expectations set by the examiners. Our theoretical perspective is the concept of discursive genre as developed by the members of the Bakhtin Circle since 1920. Then, we observe how this new proposal aims at evaluating the characteristics that the University expects to find in each one of

  11. Universal metamaterial absorbe

    CERN Document Server

    Smaali, Rafik; Moreau, Antoine; Taliercio, Thierry; Centeno, Emmanuel

    2016-01-01

    We propose a design for an universal absorber, characterized by a resonance frequency that can be tuned from visible to microwave frequencies independently of the choice of the metal and the dielectrics involved. An almost resonant perfect absorption up to 99.8 % is demonstrated at resonance for all polarization states of light and for a very wide angular aperture. These properties originate from a magnetic Fabry-Perot mode that is confined in a dielectric spacer of $\\lambda/100$ thickness by a metamaterial layer and a mirror. An extraordinary large funneling through nano-slits explains how light can be trapped in the structure. Simple scaling laws can be used as a recipe to design ultra-thin perfect absorbers whatever the materials and the desired resonance wavelength, making our design truly universal.

  12. Pythagorean Philolaus’ Pyrocentric Universe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maniatis, Yiorgo

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available In this work, first, I reexamine the pyrocentric universe of the Pythagorean, Philolaus, who emphatically propounded that the center of the cosmos is neither the earth nor the sun, but a central fiery hearth that stands in the middle of the spherical universe. Second, I attempt to demonstrate the value and significance of this pyrocentric cosmic model by elaborating its novel revolutionary elements and its contribution to astronomy. Third, by underlining the diachroneity and timeliness of this cosmic model, I try to establish as to how the model served as a precursor to not only the ancient and modern heliocentric models, as widely believed, but also as much to the contemporary cosmic models and theories of astrophysics.

  13. Principles of Quantum Universe

    CERN Document Server

    Pervushin, V N

    2014-01-01

    The present monograph is devoted to the theory of gravitation derived consequently as joint nonlinear realization of conformal and affine symmetries by means of Cartan differential forms. In the framework of the joint nonlinear realization of conformal and affine symmetries the interpretation of the last cosmological observational data of Ia Supernovae, anisotropy of the primordial radiation temperature and the mass spectrum of electroweak bosons, including the Higgs particle mass in the expected region ~ 125 GeV, is given. All these observational and experimental data testify to the vacuum energy dominance. The vacuum Casimir energy is a source of intensive cosmological quantum creation gravitons and electroweak bosons including Higgs particles from the empty Universe during the first 10^(-12) sec. The products of decay of the electroweak bosons give the matter content of the present day Universe, including primordial radiation and its baryon asymmetry.

  14. The hot Hagedorn Universe

    CERN Document Server

    Rafelski, Johann

    2016-01-01

    In the context of the half-centenary of Hagedorn temperature and the statistical bootstrap model (SBM) we present a short account of how these insights coincided with the establishment of the hot big-bang model (BBM) and helped resolve some of the early philosophical difficulties. We then turn attention to the present day context and show the dominance of strong interaction quark and gluon degrees of freedom in the early stage, helping to characterize the properties of the hot Universe. We focus attention on the current experimental insights about cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature fluctuation, and develop a much improved understanding of the neutrino freeze-out, in this way paving the path to the opening of a direct connection of quark-gluon plasma (QGP) physics in the early Universe with the QCD-lattice, and the study of the properties of QGP formed in the laboratory.

  15. University Curricula in Nanoelectronics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruun, Erik; Nielsen, Ivan Ring

    2009-01-01

    Nanotechnology is having increasing impact on university curricula in electrical engineering. The advent of nanotechnology brings about new possibilities in nanoelectronics, including increasingly complex systems on chip, sophisticated technology fusion between electronic devices and non-electron......Nanotechnology is having increasing impact on university curricula in electrical engineering. The advent of nanotechnology brings about new possibilities in nanoelectronics, including increasingly complex systems on chip, sophisticated technology fusion between electronic devices and non......-electronic devices (such as bio-devices or chemical devices), and possibilities for developing fundamentally new nanoscale electronic devices. New engineering curricula in nanoelectronics must take these developments into account. A model for the development of new curricula is presented and some representative...

  16. The Dark Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Livio, Mario

    2010-04-01

    1. A brief history of dark matter Vera Rubin; 2. Microlensing towards the Magellanic Clouds Kailash Sahu; 3. Searching for galactic dark matter Harvey Richer; 4. Hot gas in clusters of galaxies and Omega Megan Donahue; 5. Tracking the Baryon density from the Big Bang to the present Gary Steigman; 6. Modified Newtonian dynamics and its implications Bob Sanders; 7. Cosmological parameters and quintessence from radio galaxies Ruth Daly and Eric Guerra; 8. The mass density of the Universe Neta Bahcall; 9. Growth of structure in the Universe John Peacock; 10. Cosmological implications of the most distant supernova (known) Adam Riess; 11. Dynamical probes of the Halo mass function Chris Kochanek; 12. Detection of gravitational waves from inflation Marc Kamionkowski and Andrew Jaffe; 13. Cosmological constant problems and their solution Alex Vilenkin; 14. Dark Matter and dark energy: a physicist's perspective Michael Dine.

  17. Geodesically Complete Universe

    CERN Document Server

    Bars, Itzhak

    2011-01-01

    This talk is about solving cosmological equations analytically without approximations, and discovering new phenomena that could not be noticed with approximate solutions. We found all the solutions of the Friedmann equations for a specific model, including all the zero-size-bounce solutions that do not violate the null energy condition, as well as all the finite-size-bounce solutions, and then discovered model independent phenomena. Among them is the notion of geodesic completeness for the geometry of the universe. From this we learned a few new general lessons for cosmology. Among them is that anisotropy provides a model independent attractor mechanism to some specific initial values for cosmological fields, and that there is a period of antigravity in the history of the universe. The results are obtained only at the classical gravity level. Effects of quantum gravity or string theory are unknown, they are not even formulated, so there are new theoretical challenges.

  18. The energetic Universe

    CERN Document Server

    Barcons, X

    2005-01-01

    In this paper I review the main topics on the energetic Universe that have been put forward as main science goals in the Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 exercise. I discuss the study of matter under extreme conditions (both under strong gravity and at ultra-high densities), the cosmology of baryons (assembly of ordinary matter in dark-matter dominated structures and the creation of heavy elements) and the co-eval growth of super-massive black holes and stars in galaxies along cosmic history. Most of these topics can be addressed with a large-aperture deep Universe X-ray space observatory that can be flown soon after 2015, complemented by gravitational wave observatories (LISA), a focussing gamma-ray observatory, a far infrared high-sensitivity observatory and an X-ray survey telescope.

  19. Assembling University Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Poul Bitsch

    2015-01-01

    This paper compares ways of materializing methodology of learning at two different universities. One of our sites is the basic studies program for social science and business studies students at a new problem-oriented university. The other site is the integrative methods course for communication...... material organizing devices, students as learning subjects, and teachers as experienced academic practitioners are discussed in order to explore how academic values are translated and transformed during the education process, and how the material assemblages in evidence are both reflective and constitutive...... of educational values. By placing a focus on how values are materialized, the paper extends the understanding of educational institutions and schools as social places to learn in a direction that is relevant for both organizational studies and educational policy discussions. By examining specific...

  20. Universal Test Facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laughery, Mike

    A universal test facility (UTF) for Space Station Freedom is developed. In this context, universal means that the experimental rack design must be: automated, highly marketable, and able to perform diverse microgravity experiments according to NASA space station requirements. In order to fulfill these broad objectives, the facility's customers, and their respective requirements, are first defined. From these definitions, specific design goals and the scope of the first phase of this project are determined. An examination is first made into what types of research are most likely to make the UTF marketable. Based on our findings, the experiments for which the UTF would most likely be used included: protein crystal growth, hydroponics food growth, gas combustion, gallium arsenide crystal growth, microorganism development, and cell encapsulation. Therefore, the UTF is designed to fulfill all of the major requirements for the experiments listed above. The versatility of the design is achieved by taking advantage of the many overlapping requirements presented by these experiments.

  1. The Radionactive Universe

    CERN Document Server

    Kolb, Edward W; Tait, T M P; Kolb, Edward W.; Servant, Geraldine; Tait, Tim M. P.

    2003-01-01

    In a large class of extra-dimensional models, a scalar degree of freedom known as the radion is long-lived, or even stable, on cosmological scales. In this paper we investigate the impact of radionactivity on the evolution of the universe. We demonstrate that whether the radion overcloses the universe, constitutes the dark matter, is the inflaton, the curvaton, or does not play any role in cosmology, depends crucially on the ratio between the energy densities stored in the radion and in the inflaton at the time of inflation. We discuss the general difficulties reconciling models with low compactification scale (i.e., TeV scale) with the simple picture of inflation.

  2. Vector growth universalities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► Joint growth for two or more living beings is addressed in a universality context. ► A vector extension of the growth universalities formalism is fully developed. ► Two useful theorems and the analysis of their implications are presented. ► Insights on the mutual influence between organisms/populations are obtained. - Abstract: A formalism to describe the interactive growth of two or more organisms in a given environment is presented. This is a vector generalization of the scheme developed by Castorina et al. to classify and interpret non-linear ontogenetic growth formulas, which can be applied to such complex self-organizing systems as solid tumors. A theorem that leads to the explicit solutions of the resulting equations is proven. These solutions can describe synergetic, antagonistic, and cooperative growth, and can be applied to both biological and ecological problems.

  3. Universality of TMD correlators

    CERN Document Server

    Buffing, M G A; Mulders, P J

    2014-01-01

    In a high-energy scattering process with hadrons in the initial state, color is involved. Transverse momentum dependent distribution functions (TMDs) describe the quark and gluon distributions in these hadrons in momentum space with the inclusion of transverse directions. Apart from the (anti)-quarks and gluons that are involved in the hard scattering process, additional gluon emissions by the hadrons have to be taken into account as well, giving rise to Wilson lines or gauge links. The TMDs involved are sensitive to the process under consideration and hence potentially nonuniversal due to these Wilson line interactions with the hard process; different hard processes give rise to different Wilson line structures. We will show that in practice only a finite number of universal TMDs have to be considered, which come in different linear combinations depending on the hard process under consideration, ensuring a generalized universality. For quarks this gives rise to three Pretzelocity functions, whereas for gluon...

  4. CRISIS COMMUNICATION IN UNIVERSITIES

    OpenAIRE

    MADRAN, Canan; PENPECE, Dilek

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Institutions should implement effective crisis communication strategies to manage their reputations in crisis situations. Thus, the negative perceptions that may occur because of crisis can be reduced and eliminated by continuously informing stakeholders. Therefore, various researches are needed in the area of crisis communication management. The aim of the study is to determine the types of crises that often occur in universities and evaluate the crisis communication efforts in high...

  5. Universals in pragmatics

    OpenAIRE

    & Levinson, S.

    2011-01-01

    Changing Prospects for Universals in Pragmatics The term PRAGMATICS has come to denote the study of general principles of language use. It is usually understood to contrast with SEMANTICS, the study of encoded meaning, and also, by some authors, to contrast with SOCIOLINGUISTICS and the ethnography of speaking, which are more concerned with local sociocultural practices. Given that pragmaticists come from disciplines as varied as philosophy, sociology, linguistics, communication studies, psyc...

  6. Inflation in the universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, M. S.

    1987-05-01

    The big bang cosmology is a highly successful model, providing a reliable and tested accounting of the Universe from 0.01 sec after the bang until today, some 15 Gyr later. However, very special initial data seem to be required in order to account for the observed smoothness and flatness of our Hubble volume and for the existence of the small primeval density inhomogeneities required for the formation of structure in the Universe. Inflation offers a means of accounting for these special initial data, which is based on physics at sub-planck energy scales (much less than mpl approx. = 10 to the 19th power GeV) and is motivated by contemporary ideas in particle theory. Here the status of the Inflationary Paradigm is reviewed. At present essentially all inflationary models involve a very weakly-coupled (quantified by the presence of a dimensionless parameter of order 10 to the -12 or so) scalar field which is displaced from the minimum of its potential. Regions of the Universe where the scalar field is initially displaced from its minimum undergo inflation as the scalar field relaxes, resulting in a Universe today which resembles ours in regions much larger than our present Hubble volume (approx. = 10 to the 28 cm), may be highly irregular. The most conspicuous blemish on the paradigm is the lack of a compelling particle physics model to implement it. Also reviewed are some other unresolved issues, and the all important confrontation between inflation and observational data is fully discussed. Finally, the possibility that inflation leads to large-scale, primeval magnetic fields of sufficient strength to be of astrophysical interest is covered.

  7. The universal path integral

    OpenAIRE

    Lloyd, Seth; Dreyer, Olaf

    2013-01-01

    Path integrals represent a powerful route to quantization: they calculate probabilities by summing over classical configurations of variables such as fields, assigning each configuration a phase equal to the action of that configuration. This paper defines a universal path integral, which sums over all computable structures. This path integral contains as sub-integrals all possible computable path integrals, including those of field theory, the standard model of elementary particles, discrete...

  8. University employees work schedule

    OpenAIRE

    Basagoiti Alcázar, Javier

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this project is to create a website which is useful both employees and students of a university, so employees can add information, if they log in with username and password access, and students can view this information . Employees may modify and display information such as title, room, or their faculty (from a list defined by the administrator), and most importantly, their schedule, whether class, tutoring, free time, or any of tasks that the administrator define. There will be a ...

  9. University, Patents and Innovations

    OpenAIRE

    Antonio B. Zaldívar Castro; Lierli Oconnor Montero

    2012-01-01

    The limited relevance of the patents in the Latin American-innovative-culture of the university context is determined by the omission of new inventions within the productive sector, particularly in Cuba. It is easy to offer the methodological resources together with an automated data system of searching and processing through the establishment of an agreement invention-invocation with the use of the statistics of patents, the International Classification of Patent (IPC) and the System of Clas...

  10. The holographic universe

    OpenAIRE

    McFadden, P.L.; Skenderis, K.

    2009-01-01

    We present a holographic description of four-dimensional single-scalar inflationary universes in terms of a three-dimensional quantum field theory (QFT). The holographic description correctly reproduces standard inflationary predictions in their regime of applicability. In the opposite case, wherein gravity is strongly coupled at early times, we propose a holographic description in terms of perturbative QFT and present models capable of satisfying the current observational constraints while e...

  11. Einstein universes stabilized

    OpenAIRE

    Scholz, Erhard

    2007-01-01

    The hypothesis that gravitational self-binding energy may be the source for the vacuum energy term of cosmology is studied in a Newtonian Ansatz. For spherical spaces the attractive force of gravitation and the negative pressure of the vacuum energy term form a self stabilizing system under very reasonable restrictions for the parameters, among them a characteristic coefficient \\beta of self energy. In the Weyl geometric approach to cosmological redshift, Einstein-Weyl universes with observat...

  12. For information: Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    Ecole de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 TéL: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Lundi 5 décembre COLLOQUE DE PHYSIQUE at 17:00 - Stückelberg Auditorium ARCHEOLOGY OF THE UNIVERSE WITH THE COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND by Prof. Paolo de Bernardis / Université de Rome 'La Sapienza'

  13. Inflation in the universe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Turner, M.S.

    1987-05-01

    The hot big bang cosmology, or the standard cosmology as it is appropriately known, is a highly successful model, providing a reliable and tested accounting of the Universe from 0.01 sec after the bang until today, some 15 Gyr later. However, very special initial data seem to be required in order to account for the observed smoothness and flatness of our Hubble volume and for the existence of the small primeval density inhomogeneities required for the formation of structure in the Universe. Inflation offers a means of accounting for these special initial data, which is based upon physics at sub-planck energy scales (<< m/sub pl/ approx. = 10/sup 19/ GeV) and is motivated by contemporary ideas in particle theory. Here I review the status of the 'Inflationary Paradigm'. At present essentially all inflationary models involve a very weakly-coupled (quantified by the presence of a dimensionless parameter of order 10/sup -12/ or so) scalar field which is displaced from the minimum of its potential. Regions of the Universe where the scalar field is initially displaced from its minimum undergo inflation as the scalar field relaxes, resulting in a Universe today which resembles ours in regions much larger than our present Hubble volume (approx. = 10/sup 28/ cm), but which on very large scales (>> 10/sup 28/ cm) may be highly irregular. The most conspicuous blemish on the paradigm is the lack of a compelling particle physics model to implement it. I also review some other unresolved issues, and discuss in detail the all important confrontation between inflation and observational data. Finally, I discuss the possibility that inflation leads to large-scale, primeval magnetic fields of sufficient strength to be of astrophysical interest. 123 refs., 4 figs.

  14. Weighted universal image compression

    OpenAIRE

    Effros, Michelle; Chou, Philip A.; Gray, Robert M.

    1999-01-01

    We describe a general coding strategy leading to a family of universal image compression systems designed to give good performance in applications where the statistics of the source to be compressed are not available at design time or vary over time or space. The basic approach considered uses a two-stage structure in which the single source code of traditional image compression systems is replaced with a family of codes designed to cover a large class of possible sources. To illustrate this ...

  15. Universal drive unit

    OpenAIRE

    Sehnálek, Lubomír

    2011-01-01

    This document deal with design of universal driving unit. For the final solution is required driving unit which will be controled with help of sensory unit placed on the chassis of driving unit. In theoretical part of this labour are examined possibilities of a power, electric motor operation by PWM, kind of chassis and odometry which could be taken into account. From this section is finally chosen concrete configuration which is then described in chapter concerned oneself with driving unit d...

  16. Universal metamaterial absorbe

    OpenAIRE

    Smaali, Rafik; Omei, Fatima; Antoine MOREAU; Taliercio, Thierry; Centeno, Emmanuel

    2016-01-01

    We propose a design for an universal absorber, characterized by a resonance frequency that can be tuned from visible to microwave frequencies independently of the choice of the metal and the dielectrics involved. An almost resonant perfect absorption up to 99.8 % is demonstrated at resonance for all polarization states of light and for a very wide angular aperture. These properties originate from a magnetic Fabry-Perot mode that is confined in a dielectric spacer of $\\lambda/100$ thickness by...

  17. Cyberplagiarism in University Regulations

    OpenAIRE

    Santiago Cavanillas

    2008-01-01

    The article examines the legal framework for plagiarism, and its twofold nature of illicit appropriation (from the author of the plagiarized work) and fraud (with regard to the target audience of the plagiarism). Based on these premises, academic cyberplagiarism is analysed as a form of plagiarism carried out using electronic tools in the university setting. The question of responsibility (who can regulate the legal consequences of plagiarism?) before and after the Ley Orgánica de Universidad...

  18. Geneva University - Cancelled

    CERN Multimedia

    Université de Genève

    2010-01-01

    École de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVA 4 Tel: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Monday 19 April 2010 17h00 - Stückelberg Auditorium Into the darkness: Simulating the distribution of dark matter in our Universe Prof. Volker Springel - Heidelberg Institute for Theoretical Studies   THE COLLOQUIUM IS CANCELLED. Prof. Markus Büttiker

  19. CRISIS COMMUNICATION IN UNIVERSITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Canan MADRAN

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Institutions should implement effective crisis communication strategies to manage their reputations in crisis situations. Thus, the negative perceptions that may occur because of crisis can be reduced and eliminated by continuously informing stakeholders. Therefore, various researches are needed in the area of crisis communication management. The aim of the study is to determine the types of crises that often occur in universities and evaluate the crisis communication efforts in higher education institutions. Crises and crisis communication efforts were evaluated within the framework of media reflections in this study. Content analysis was applied in the classification of crises and responses provided for crises. As a result, the types of crises in Turkish universities were determined as campus safety, actions, protests, loss of confidential information, loss of financial opportunities, loss of key managers and personnel, staff problems, increase of accidents, slander and gossip, unnecessary explanations, rumors, damage to organization and employee reputation, terrorism, workplace violence, corruption, fire and epidemic. It is seen that universities don’t make any communicational effort regarding campus safety, staff problems, increase of accidents, corruption or fire.

  20. EVALUATION OF UNIVERSITY EMBLEMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özge MAZLUM

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims at determining the skills of Graphics Department students of Fine Arts Faculties with regards evaluating the emblembs of universities. The study follows a general survey model and the research group consists of the seniors studying at Graphics Departments of Fine Arts Faculties of Anadolu, Başkent, Dumlupınar, Hacettepe, Marmara and Süleyman Demirel Universities. In the study, data regarding the evaluations and interpretations of students and experts about the university emblems were collected through qualitative methods of analysis. Content analysis was employed for analysing the qualitative data gathered through interviews. As a result of the study, it was observed that students had relevant knowledge regarding emblems and design principles, and they, while evaluating the emblems as a graphic product, were able to exhibit such cognitive skills as analysing, interpreting, explaining, noticing and correcting, were able to notice the problems and recommend ways of solution through criticizing, and that they were very approximate to the experts in their evaluations. Therefore, it could be asserted that the students receive a quality graphics education.

  1. The universal Higgs fit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Giardino, P. P.; Kannike, K.; Masina, I.;

    2014-01-01

    We perform a state-of-the-art global fit to all Higgs data. We synthesise them into a 'universal' form, which allows to easily test any desired model. We apply the proposed methodology to extract from data the Higgs branching ratios, production cross sections, couplings and to analyse composite H...... as an alternative to the Higgs, and disfavour fits with negative Yukawa couplings. We derive for the first time the SM Higgs boson mass from the measured rates, rather than from the peak positions, obtaining M-h = 124.4 +/- 1.6 GeV.......We perform a state-of-the-art global fit to all Higgs data. We synthesise them into a 'universal' form, which allows to easily test any desired model. We apply the proposed methodology to extract from data the Higgs branching ratios, production cross sections, couplings and to analyse composite...... Higgs models, models with extra Higgs doublets, supersymmetry, extra particles in the loops, anomalous top couplings, and invisible Higgs decays into Dark Matter. Best fit regions lie around the Standard Model predictions and are well approximated by our 'universal' fit. Latest data exclude the dilaton...

  2. Universality and string theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachlechner, Thomas Christian

    The first run at the Large Hadron Collider has deeply challenged conventional notions of naturalness, and CMB polarization experiments are about to open a new window to early universe cosmology. As a compelling candidate for the ultraviolet completion of the standard model, string theory provides a prime opportunity to study both early universe cosmology and particle physics. However, relating low energy observations to ultraviolet physics requires knowledge of the metastable states of string theory through the study of vacua. While it is difficult to directly obtain infrared data from explicit string theory constructions, string theory imposes constraints on low energy physics. The study of ensembles of low energy theories consistent with ultra-violet constraints provides insight on generic features we might expect to occur in string compactifications. In this thesis we present a statistical treatment of vacuum stability and vacuum properties in the context of random supergravity theories motivated by string theory. Early universe cosmology provides another avenue to high energy physics. From the low energy perspective large field inflation is typically considered highly unnatural: the scale relevant for the diameter of flat regions in moduli space is sub-Planckian in regions of perturbative control. To approach this problem, we consider generic Calabi-Yau compactifications of string theory and find that super-Planckian diameters of axion fundamental domains in fact arise generically. We further demonstrate that such super-Planckian flat regions are plausibly consistent with theWeak Gravity Conjecture.

  3. University Pedagogy for Assistant Professors at Aalborg University (Part 1)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolmos, Anette; Krogh, Lone

    2003-01-01

    The article describes a course for assistant professors within the University Teacher Education at Aalborg University. The course focus is to develop knowledge, skills and methods from within the didactic, pedagogical, and learning theory-based fields....

  4. University Pedagogy for Assistant Professors at Aalborg University (Part 2)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolmos, Anette; Krogh, Lone

    2003-01-01

    In issue 1-2003, Anette Kolmos and Lone Krogh reported on the two-semester study course " University Pedagogy for Assistant Professors at Aalborg University (DK)". Now, in part 2, they are adressing guidelines for supervison and advising of assistant professors in the university teacher education...

  5. Research on universal combinatorial coding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Jun; Zhang, Zhuo; Mo, Juan

    2014-01-01

    The conception of universal combinatorial coding is proposed. Relations exist more or less in many coding methods. It means that a kind of universal coding method is objectively existent. It can be a bridge connecting many coding methods. Universal combinatorial coding is lossless and it is based on the combinatorics theory. The combinational and exhaustive property make it closely related with the existing code methods. Universal combinatorial coding does not depend on the probability statistic characteristic of information source, and it has the characteristics across three coding branches. It has analyzed the relationship between the universal combinatorial coding and the variety of coding method and has researched many applications technologies of this coding method. In addition, the efficiency of universal combinatorial coding is analyzed theoretically. The multicharacteristic and multiapplication of universal combinatorial coding are unique in the existing coding methods. Universal combinatorial coding has theoretical research and practical application value. PMID:24772019

  6. The State of the Universe

    OpenAIRE

    Hartle, James B.

    2002-01-01

    What is the quantum state of the universe? That is the central question of quantum cosmology. This essay describes the place of that quantum state in a final theory governing the regularities exhibited universally by all physical systems in the universe. It is possible that this final theory consists of two parts: (1) a dynamical theory such as superstring theory, and (2) a state of the universe such as Hawking's no-boundary wave function. Both are necessary because prediction in quantum mech...

  7. ORTUS - Gateway to University IS

    OpenAIRE

    Rudzajs, Peteris

    2013-01-01

    Each university engages in supporting its processes with ICT solutions. The decision about the choice and variety of the ICT is based on the history, the competence and the competitiveness of the university. This paper describes the core information systems (IS) in Riga Technical University, particularly, the university portal ORTUS that facilitates the access and the use of existing and new core information systems aimed to support the study, science and administrative processes. The way of ...

  8. Taiwan Universities: Where to Go?

    OpenAIRE

    Yu-Ying Kuo

    2016-01-01

    The dramatic expansion of Taiwan universities/colleges from about 100 to 160 from the late 1980s has encountered problems due to social and global changes. What should Taiwan universities move toward and how? This research relies on secondary data to explore the issues Taiwan universities currently face—a low birth rate and global competition. The decreasing number of incoming students will result in a lower registration rate and less tuition revenue, which will make some universities struggl...

  9. Do Universities Have "Successful" Brands?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapleo, Chris

    2005-01-01

    Branding in universities is a topical issue, but arguably few UK universities have fully developed "successful" brands in the manner of commercial organizations. This qualitative paper explores the opinions of 40 opinion formers on which UK universities have successful brands and the associations these brands have. Current literature on what…

  10. The RAE and University Efficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mace, John

    2000-01-01

    Evaluates effects of the new British funding formula for universities, based on the research assessment exercise (RAE). Compares effects of the RAE on two contrasting universities and finds the RAE has dramatically affected university organization, teaching, and research. RAE may have increased efficiency in teaching and research but encourages…

  11. A Look at the Universe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nature Scope, 1986

    1986-01-01

    Provides: (1) background information on what makes up the universe, ways astronomers study the universe, and theories about how the universe began; (2) six activities; and (3) four read-to-duplicate pages. Activities include objective(s), recommended age level(s), subject area(s), list of materials needed, and procedures. (JN)

  12. Downsizing the University: Bonne Chance!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appelbaum, Steven H.; Patton, Eric

    2002-01-01

    Begins with a general discussion of downsizing and its outcomes, then offers an analysis of downsizing in higher education with an emphasis on three points: the factors causing universities to consider downsizing, the special nature of universities that makes downsizing particularly difficult, and the downsizing methods used by universities. (EV)

  13. Remembering the University of Utah.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haglund, Elizabeth, Ed.

    Nineteen essays comprise this personal and historical look at the University of Utah and the relationship between the university, its people, and the community. Essays include: "One Cannot Live Long Enough to Outgrow a University" (Ramona Wilcox Cannon); "Ever in the Freshness of Its Youth" (G. Homer Durham); "The Final Payoff" (David W. Evans);…

  14. University Presidents and the Politicians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirluck, Ernest

    1977-01-01

    The relationships between government and the universities are explored with examples given of government infringement upon university autonomy and abridgement of commitments. The reasons for the absence of public protest are analyzed. A conclusion is that a university's relations with government reflect the current realities of power and…

  15. Quo vadis South African universities?

    OpenAIRE

    Johann RE lutjeharms

    2007-01-01

    The Economist has recently identified some specific factors that explain why European universities are not competing adequately with their American counterparts. These factors are used here to evaluate South African government policy for universities. It is demonstrated that this current policy is directly contrary to what is now internationally considered best for universities in a knowledge economy.

  16. Inflationary universe with gravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The original idea of the inflationary universe is shown to be consistent with observation, if the effects of spacetime curvature are considered. Specifically, a combined grand-unified--gravitational tunneling solution exists, which is homogeneous over the entire spatial section and has lower action than the flat-space, inhomogeneous bubble. Thus, the exit from the metastable de Sitter phase can occur gracefully, without generating large spatial inhomogeneities or magnetic monopoles. The large expansion factor is generated naturally by the tunneling amplitude and does not require fine tuning the initial conditions of the post-tunneling evolution. Fluctuations in this model may differ substantially from the rollover picture

  17. Universal semantic communication

    CERN Document Server

    Juba, Brendan

    2011-01-01

    Is meaningful communication possible between two intelligent parties who share no common language or background? In this work, a theoretical framework is proposed in which it is possible to address when and to what extent such semantic communication is possible: such problems can be rigorously addressed by explicitly focusing on the goals of the communication. Under this framework, it is possible to show that for many goals, communication without any common language or background is possible using universal protocols. This work should be accessible to anyone with an undergraduate-level knowled

  18. The Artful Universe Expanded

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The cosmos is an awfully big place and there is no better guide to its vast expanse and fascinating nooks and crannies than John Barrow. A professor of mathematical sciences at Cambridge University, Barrow embodies that rare combination of highly polished writer and expert scientist. His deft touch brings together the disparate threads of human knowledge and weaves them into a tapestry as rich and interesting for the expert as it is for the layperson. The Artful Universe Expanded is an updated edition of this popular book first published in 1995. It explores the deeply profound manner in which natural law and the nature of the cosmos have moulded and shaped us, our cultures and the very form of our arts and music-a new type of 'cosmic' anthropology. The main themes Barrow chooses for revealing this new anthropology are the subjects of evolution, the size of things, the heavens and the nature of music. The book is a large, eclectic repository of knowledge often unavailable to the layperson, hidden in esoteric libraries around the world. It rivals The Da Vinci Code for entertainment value and insights, but this time it is Nature's code that is revealed. It is rare indeed to find common threads drawn through topics as diverse as The Beetles, Bach and Beethoven or between Jackson Pollock, the Aztecs, Kant, Picasso, Byzantine mosaics, uranium-235 and the helix nebula. Barrow unerringly binds them together, presenting them in a stimulating, conversational style that belies the amount of time that must have gone into researching this book. Dip into it at random, or read it from cover to cover, but do read it. The Artful Universe Expanded is an entertaining antidote to the oft-lamented pressures to know more and more about less and less and the apparently inexorable march of specialization. On reading this book one can, for a short time at least, hold in one's mind a vision that unifies science, art and culture and glimpse a universal tapestry of great beauty. (book review)

  19. Einstein universes stabilized

    CERN Document Server

    Scholz, Erhard

    2007-01-01

    The hypothesis that gravitational self-binding energy may be the source for the vacuum energy term of cosmology is studied in a Newtonian Ansatz. For spherical spaces the attractive force of gravitation and the negative pressure of the vacuum energy term form a self stabilizing system under very reasonable restrictions for the parameters, among them a characteristic coefficient \\beta of self energy. In the Weyl geometric approach to cosmological redshift, Einstein-Weyl universes with observational restrictions of the curvature parameters are dynamically stable, if \\beta is about 40 % smaller than in the exact Newton Ansatz or if the space geometry is elliptical.

  20. The Artful Universe Expanded

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bassett, B A [Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, University of Portsmouth (United Kingdom)

    2005-07-29

    The cosmos is an awfully big place and there is no better guide to its vast expanse and fascinating nooks and crannies than John Barrow. A professor of mathematical sciences at Cambridge University, Barrow embodies that rare combination of highly polished writer and expert scientist. His deft touch brings together the disparate threads of human knowledge and weaves them into a tapestry as rich and interesting for the expert as it is for the layperson. The Artful Universe Expanded is an updated edition of this popular book first published in 1995. It explores the deeply profound manner in which natural law and the nature of the cosmos have moulded and shaped us, our cultures and the very form of our arts and music-a new type of 'cosmic' anthropology. The main themes Barrow chooses for revealing this new anthropology are the subjects of evolution, the size of things, the heavens and the nature of music. The book is a large, eclectic repository of knowledge often unavailable to the layperson, hidden in esoteric libraries around the world. It rivals The Da Vinci Code for entertainment value and insights, but this time it is Nature's code that is revealed. It is rare indeed to find common threads drawn through topics as diverse as The Beetles, Bach and Beethoven or between Jackson Pollock, the Aztecs, Kant, Picasso, Byzantine mosaics, uranium-235 and the helix nebula. Barrow unerringly binds them together, presenting them in a stimulating, conversational style that belies the amount of time that must have gone into researching this book. Dip into it at random, or read it from cover to cover, but do read it. The Artful Universe Expanded is an entertaining antidote to the oft-lamented pressures to know more and more about less and less and the apparently inexorable march of specialization. On reading this book one can, for a short time at least, hold in one's mind a vision that unifies science, art and culture and glimpse a universal tapestry of great

  1. Attractors, Universality and Inflation

    CERN Document Server

    Downes, Sean; Sinha, Kuver

    2012-01-01

    Studies of the initial conditions for inflation have conflicting predictions from exponential suppression to inevitability. At the level of phase space, this conflict arises from the competing intuitions of CPT invariance and thermodynamics. After reviewing this conflict, we enlarge the ensemble beyond phase space to include scalar potential data. We show how this leads to an important contribution from inflection point inflation, enhancing the likelihood of inflation to an inverse cubic power law. In the process, we emphasize the attractor dynamics of the gravity-scalar system and the existence of universality classes from inflection point inflation. Finally, we comment on the predictivity of inflation in light of these results.

  2. Drexel University Temperature Sensors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    K. L. Davis; D. L. Knudson; J. L. Rempe; B. M. Chase

    2014-09-01

    This document summarizes background information and presents results related to temperature measurements in the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) National Scientific User Facility (NSUF) Drexel University Project 31091 irradiation. The objective of this test was to assess the radiation performance of new ceramic materials for advanced reactor applications. Accordingly, irradiations of transition metal carbides and nitrides were performed using the Hydraulic Shuttle Irradiation System (HSIS) in the B-7 position and in static capsules inserted into the A-3 and East Flux Trap Position 5 locations of the ATR.

  3. The energetic Universe

    OpenAIRE

    Barcons, Xavier

    2005-01-01

    In this paper I review the main topics on the energetic Universe that have been put forward as main science goals in the Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 exercise. I discuss the study of matter under extreme conditions (both under strong gravity and at ultra-high densities), the cosmology of baryons (assembly of ordinary matter in dark-matter dominated structures and the creation of heavy elements) and the co-eval growth of super-massive black holes and stars in galaxies along cosmic history. Most of ...

  4. Physics of the universe

    CERN Document Server

    Sachs, Mendel

    2010-01-01

    This book presents a new approach to the subject of cosmology. It fully exploits Einstein's theory of general relativity. It is found that the most general formal expression of the theory replaces the (10-component) tensor formalism with a (16-component) quaternion formalism. This leads to a unified field theory, where one field incorporates gravitation and electromagnetism. The theory predicts an oscillating universe cosmology with a spiral configuration. Dark matter is explained in terms of a sea of particle-antiparticle pairs, each in a particular (derived) ground state. This leads to an ex

  5. The Holographic Universe

    CERN Document Server

    McFadden, Paul

    2010-01-01

    We present a holographic description of four-dimensional single-scalar inflationary universes in terms of a three-dimensional quantum field theory. The holographic description correctly reproduces standard inflationary predictions in their regime of applicability. In the opposite case, wherein gravity is strongly coupled at early times, we propose a holographic description in terms of perturbative QFT and present models capable of satisfying the current observational constraints while exhibiting a phenomenology distinct from standard inflation. This provides a qualitatively new method for generating a nearly scale-invariant spectrum of primordial cosmological perturbations.

  6. Physics in our Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conn Henry, Richard

    2016-06-01

    The recent detection of gravitational waves from the merger of two massive black holes means that we must now take Newton's approach to the Universe even more seriously than we have taken it since Principia: General Relativity has now been tested, as never before, and GR has passed with flying colors! In my poster I try to summarize all of fundamental physics taken together --- gravitation, dark energy, and particles. But the whole job is not yet done: mass + energy remains as a final frontier. It may be that the topology of 4-space is the answer: how I wish I were a mathematical topologist of great ability!

  7. Exploring the relationship between university internationalization and university autonomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Turcan, Romeo V.; Gullieva, Valeria

    this paper is addressing is whether there is a scope for international business theories in explaining university internationalization or in light of recent findings from successes and failures of university internationalization international business theories ought to be revised?......This paper explores a research gap at the intersection of university internationalization and university autonomy. A process model of university internationalization is put forward whereby the process of university internationalization is mediated by university internationalization capacity and...... moderated by target country institutional autonomy and globalization; and entry modes, timing and pace, as well as product mix of internationalization define university’s internationalization pattern. A systematic review is conducted to identify empirical studies at this intersection. One of the questions...

  8. Hydrogen Research at Florida Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Block, David L.; T-Raissi, Ali

    2009-01-01

    This final report describes the R&D activities and projects conducted for NASA under the 6-year NASA Hydrogen Research at Florida Universities grant program. Contained within this report are summaries of the overall activities, one-page description of all the reports funded under this program and all of the individual reports from each of the 29 projects supported by the effort. The R&D activities cover hydrogen technologies related to production, cryogenics, sensors, storage, separation processes, fuel cells, resource assessments and education. In the span of 6 years, the NASA Hydrogen Research at Florida Universities program funded a total of 44 individual university projects, and employed more than 100 faculty and over 100 graduate research students in the six participating universities. Researchers involved in this program have filed more than 20 patents in all hydrogen technology areas and put out over 220 technical publications in the last 2 years alone. This 6 year hydrogen research program was conducted by a consortium of six Florida universities: Florida International University (FIU) in Miami, Florida State University (FSU) and Florida A&M University (FAMU) in Tallahassee, University of Central Florida (UCF) in Orlando, University of South Florida (USF) in Tampa, and University of Florida (UF) in Gainesville. The Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) of the University of Central Florida managed the research activities of all consortium member universities except those at the University of Florida. This report does not include any of the programs or activities conducted at the University of Florida, but can be found in NASA/CR-2008-215440-PART 1-3.

  9. Universal Memcomputing Machines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Traversa, Fabio Lorenzo; Di Ventra, Massimiliano

    2015-11-01

    We introduce the notion of universal memcomputing machines (UMMs): a class of brain-inspired general-purpose computing machines based on systems with memory, whereby processing and storing of information occur on the same physical location. We analytically prove that the memory properties of UMMs endow them with universal computing power (they are Turing-complete), intrinsic parallelism, functional polymorphism, and information overhead, namely, their collective states can support exponential data compression directly in memory. We also demonstrate that a UMM has the same computational power as a nondeterministic Turing machine, namely, it can solve nondeterministic polynomial (NP)-complete problems in polynomial time. However, by virtue of its information overhead, a UMM needs only an amount of memory cells (memprocessors) that grows polynomially with the problem size. As an example, we provide the polynomial-time solution of the subset-sum problem and a simple hardware implementation of the same. Even though these results do not prove the statement NP = P within the Turing paradigm, the practical realization of these UMMs would represent a paradigm shift from the present von Neumann architectures, bringing us closer to brain-like neural computation. PMID:25667360

  10. FARADAY'S MAGNETIC UNIVERSES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trunev A. P.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The question of construction of electrodynamics in the framework of the metric theory of gravitation is discussed. It is shown that the energy-momentum tensor of the electromagnetic field creates a space in which Faraday's law of induction is true. In such a space the scalar curvature vanishes identically, although space contains matter in the form of an electromagnetic field. It is proposed to call such space Faraday's magnetic universe as historically Faraday first established experimentally that "empty space is a magnet." We consider the metric of the expanding universe and metrics that describe the local gravitational field in the Newtonian theory. It was established that the field equations in spaces containing matter only in the form of an electromagnetic field in these metrics are reduced to hyperbolic equations describing the propagation of waves at the speed of light. However, in the field containing matter, the field equations are the equations of parabolic type, which describe diffusion or probability waves of Schrödinger quantum theory type. It is assumed that the potentials of the two metrics are connected, as with the potentials of the electromagnetic field, and the potentials of the Yang-Mills theory. Hence, the total output for all interactions law establishing the primacy of the gravitational field as the fundamental interaction, generating other interactions

  11. Quantum Universe Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunningham, Bruce

    2009-11-01

    The Initial Condition (that which existed prior to the universe) is compared as an infinite thermodynamic system (reservoir and system) to a two-component blackbody system, where one component, composed of unbound bosons, contained a symmetry breaking potential. Symmetry breaking resulted in the moment of inflation in a subsystem (small part) of one component, which in turn ignited an unloading wave. The ensuing Big Bang Unloading Wave created a continuously expanding cavity in that component. The cavity is the universe. Within the expanding unloading wave, the first energy cascade has continuously produced intense plasma effects, superelectric fields, and supermagnetic effects. The intense plasma produces violent pinch effects propelling superelectric-magnetic particles to the speed of light c impacting them within the other component (bound boson Fermi-Dirac particles) as original energy particles representing the apex of the spectral ladder and the beginning of the second energy cascade. Here quench factors freeze persistent superconducting current vibrations into place prior to application of the algorithmic ladder of the quantum field theory time line. Energies evolve to include the formation of std model physics (QM,QED,QCD) general theory of relativity (GRT), special theory (SRT), linear momentum, and angular momentum, etc.

  12. For information: Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    SECTION DE PHYSIQUEDépartement de physique de la matière condensée Quai Ernest-Ansermet 24CH-1211 Genève 4Tél. 022 379 65 11 - Fax 022 379 68 69 Mercredi 14 décembre Colloque exceptionnel 17h00 - Auditoire: Grand Auditoire A Possible Solution to the High Temperature Superconducivity Phenomena Professor Chandra Varma / Department of physics, University of California Riverside The intense effort on the solution of the high Tc problem (over 105 papers in 18 years) has led to remarkable new ideas which will affect future developments not just in condensed matter physics but all of physics. There may now exist a consistent microscopic theory which explains the universal features of the phase diagram of the Cuprates and whose principal predictions have been experimentally verified. This theory draws on an assimilation of the wide ranging experiments on the Cuprates to formulate a phenomenology. The phenomenology is used to formulate a microscopic theory which in turn draws on aspects ranging from solid ...

  13. Universal Payload Information Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elmore, Ralph B.

    2003-01-01

    As the overall manager and integrator of International Space Station (ISS) science payloads, the Payload Operations Integration Center (POIC) at Marshall Space Flight Center has a critical need to provide an information management system for exchange and control of ISS payload files as well as to coordinate ISS payload related operational changes. The POIC's information management system has a fundamental requirement to provide secure operational access not only to users physically located at the POIC, but also to remote experimenters and International Partners physically located in different parts of the world. The Payload Information Management System (PIMS) is a ground-based electronic document configuration management and collaborative workflow system that was built to service the POIC's information management needs. This paper discusses the application components that comprise the PIMS system, the challenges that influenced its design and architecture, and the selected technologies it employs. This paper will also touch on the advantages of the architecture, details of the user interface, and lessons learned along the way to a successful deployment. With PIMS, a sophisticated software solution has been built that is not only universally accessible for POIC customer s information management needs, but also universally adaptable in implementation and application as a generalized information management system.

  14. Universality of TMD correlators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Buffing M.G.A.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In a high-energy scattering process with hadrons in the initial state, color is involved. Transverse momentum dependent distribution functions (TMDs describe the quark and gluon distributions in these hadrons in momentum space with the inclusion of transverse directions. Apart from the (anti-quarks and gluons that are involved in the hard scattering process, additional gluon emissions by the hadrons have to be taken into account as well, giving rise to Wilson lines or gauge links. The TMDs involved are sensitive to the process under consideration and hence potentially nonuniversal due to these Wilson line interactions with the hard process; different hard processes give rise to different Wilson line structures. We will show that in practice only a finite number of universal TMDs have to be considered, which come in different linear combinations depending on the hard process under consideration, ensuring a generalized universality. For quarks this gives rise to three Pretzelocity functions, whereas for gluons a richer structure of functions arises.

  15. The international and national university rankings as an constituent of university`s competitiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Yu.S. Shypulina; O.F. Gryshchenko; V.O. Bilenko

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to define the importance of participation in World or National universities rankings for higher university institutions as an effective tool in development and improvement of higher education system in total. The results of the analysis. Today the educational market actively interact universities (enterprises that provide educational services) and consumers (students who choose university and receive services). The main feature is the intan...

  16. Open Universities in India 2000: Brief Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhushan, Bharat, Comp.; Lele, Nalini A., Comp.; Rausaria, R. R., Comp.

    This report contains information on the following open universities in India: (1) Indira Gandhi National Open University; (2) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Open University; (3) Kota Open University; (4) Nalanda Open University; (5) Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University; (6) Madhya Pradesh Bhoj (Open) University; (7) Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Open…

  17. Wikipedia ranking of world universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lages, José; Patt, Antoine; Shepelyansky, Dima L.

    2016-03-01

    We use the directed networks between articles of 24 Wikipedia language editions for producing the wikipedia ranking of world Universities (WRWU) using PageRank, 2DRank and CheiRank algorithms. This approach allows to incorporate various cultural views on world universities using the mathematical statistical analysis independent of cultural preferences. The Wikipedia ranking of top 100 universities provides about 60% overlap with the Shanghai university ranking demonstrating the reliable features of this approach. At the same time WRWU incorporates all knowledge accumulated at 24 Wikipedia editions giving stronger highlights for historically important universities leading to a different estimation of efficiency of world countries in university education. The historical development of university ranking is analyzed during ten centuries of their history.

  18. The American University of Beirut

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bertelsen, Rasmus Gjedssø

    2016-01-01

    This chapter will present the American University of Beirut as a central case for the study and discussion of the university as a transnational actor with possible transnational power in international politics. It will place the AUB among the cases of classical American missionary universities in...... the Middle East and China and the new cases of transnational, private higher education flourishing in the Middle East and the wider Global South. AUB and these universities are central cases in International Relations for studying transnational actors and their transnational power. Universities have...... with American society through its board of trustees. American civil society has been a major financial partner since the missionary days to modern day foundation philanthropy. American business has supported the university and recruited its graduates. American government has supported the university...

  19. University: truth, scientific research and professional training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Betancourt-Serna

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This is a historical overview of the university institution based on the ternary chronological paradigm– Medieval University (XI-XVIII centuries, Modern University (XIX and XX centuries and Contemporary University (XXI century and on. Then, it takes into account the university purposedetermined nature according to the historical period: Truth (Medieval University, scientific research (Modern University and professional training ( Contemporary University. It also considers the scientist typology as follows: humanist (Medieval University, experimental (Modern University and geonomic (Contemporary University. First and second ternary contemporary models have disregarded the prior models to some extent. Nonetheless, the three purpose-determined models contribute to figure out the university institution identity.

  20. Radioecology. University textbook

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This textbook of radioecology for university students consists of next chapters: (1) Radioecology as special part of ecology; (2) Radionuclides in the biosphere; (3) Radioactivity of atmosphere an factors influenced its value; (4) Radioactivity of waters and factors influenced its value; (5) Radioactivity of soil and its connection with mechanical structure and chemical composition of soil as well ass with used agricultural-technical and agricultural-chemical procedures; (6) Radioactivity of plants and factors influenced its value; (7) Radioactivity of animals and animal organs and factors influenced its value; (8) Ionisation radiation and human organism. Radioactivity of human tissues; (9) Behaviour of individual groups of radionuclide in the environment; (10) Determination of radionuclides in components of the environment; (11) Radioactive wastes; (12) Nullification of nuclear reactors; (13) Radionuclides in medicine; (14) Radionuclides in vegetal production and food processing; (15) Safety of work in nuclear scientific and technological disciplines; (16) Assessment and regulation of radiation risks for the environment

  1. European Universe Awareness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russo, P.; Miley, G.; Westra van Holthe, F.; Schrier, W.; Reed, S.

    2011-10-01

    The European Universe Awareness (EU-UNAWE) programme uses the beauty and grandeur of the cosmos to encourage young children, particularly those from underprivileged backgrounds, to develop an interest in science and technology and to foster a sense of global citizenship. EU-UNAWE is already active in 40 countries and comprises a global network of almost 500 astronomers, teachers and other educators. The programme was recently awarded a grant of 1.9 million euros by the European Union so that it can be further developed in five European countries and South Africa. The grant will be used to organise teacher training workshops and to develop educational materials, such as an astronomy news service for children and games. During this presentation we will outline some of the biggest achievements of EU-UNAWE to date and discuss future plans for the programme.

  2. Life In The Universe!

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    An alien invasion of CERN? Is there life elsewhere in the Universe? Are we alone? These questions have always fascinated humanity and for more than 30 years, physicists, biologists, chemists, cosmologists and astronomers have worked tirelessly to answer these questions. Yet just this past week at CERN students from all over Europe came to present their ideas on the subject and listen to the latest on extraterrestrial life from some of the world's most prestigious researchers. Students participating in the programme were encouraged to present their views on extraterrestrial life creatively and boy did they! The team from Portugal ran performances of Greek Theatre, the team from Hungary created a board game, while the team from Belgium recited poetry questioning the existence of extraterrestrials. But all was not light hearted, there were touching presentations of violin and piano by the French team and a very thought provoking theatre performance by the German team contrasting the search for extraterrestrial...

  3. Is the Universe odd?

    CERN Document Server

    Land, K; Land, Kate; Magueijo, Joao

    2005-01-01

    We investigate the point-parity and mirror-parity handedness of the large angle anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background (CMB). In particular we consider whether the observed low CMB quadrupole could more generally signal odd point-parity, i.e. suppression of even multipoles. Even though this feature is ``visually'' present in most renditions of the WMAP dataset we find that it never supports parity preference beyond the meagre 95% confidence level. This is fortunate as point parity handedness implies almost certainly a high level of galactic contamination. Mirror reflection parity, on the contrary, is related to the emergence of a preferred axis, defining the symmetry plane. We use this technique to make contact with recent claims for an anisotropic Universe, showing that the detected preferred axis is associated with positive (even) mirror parity. This feature may be an important clue in identifying the culprit for this unexpected signal.

  4. Universal visualization platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gee, Alexander G.; Li, Hongli; Yu, Min; Smrtic, Mary Beth; Cvek, Urska; Goodell, Howie; Gupta, Vivek; Lawrence, Christine; Zhou, Jainping; Chiang, Chih-Hung; Grinstein, Georges G.

    2005-03-01

    Although there are a number of visualization systems to choose from when analyzing data, only a few of these allow for the integration of other visualization and analysis techniques. There are even fewer visualization toolkits and frameworks from which one can develop ones own visualization applications. Even within the research community, scientists either use what they can from the available tools or start from scratch to define a program in which they are able to develop new or modified visualization techniques and analysis algorithms. Presented here is a new general-purpose platform for constructing numerous visualization and analysis applications. The focus of this system is the design and experimentation of new techniques, and where the sharing of and integration with other tools becomes second nature. Moreover, this platform supports multiple large data sets, and the recording and visualizing of user sessions. Here we introduce the Universal Visualization Platform (UVP) as a modern data visualization and analysis system.

  5. FOR INFORMATION: Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    Ecole de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 TéL: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 30 November PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17:00 - Stückelberg Auditorium CVD Diamond Radiation Sensors For Application In Very High Radiation Environments by Prof. Peter Weilhammer / University and INFN Perugia and CERN After an introduction into the basic properties and operating principles of CVD diamond radiation sensor material, measurements of charge carrier collection and leakage currents in single crystal and polycrystalline CVD diamonds will be presented. Results from measurements of the effective mobilities and carrier lifetime of electrons and holes, using the Transient Current Technique (TCT), will be shown. Radiation hardness of CVD polycrystalline diamonds will be discussed. A summary of radiation hardness measurements, carried out over several years, will be presented for polycrystalline material. Performance of diamond trackin...

  6. The Politics of Universalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Karen-Margrethe

    2013-01-01

    This article investigates the political function of human rights in the 16th Century in Spain just after the conquest of America. It claims that the study of this period of early globalization is relevant for the understanding of the function of human rights discourses to day, at the ‘end......’ of globalization. Historically speaking, human rights are closely connected with globalization, but at the same time, they raise a question about the foundation of globalization: is there a universal community or only economic and political power-relations? The article argues that the political use of human rights...... discourses is split down the middle: it serves both as a critique of power and as an extension of power, and the disclosure of this split helps us understand the inner politics of human rights. The article discusses the trial in Valladolid in 1550 when the rights of the barbarian Indians of America were put...

  7. External conference: Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    ECOLE DE PHYSIQUE Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 - Tél : 022 379 62 73 - Fax: 022 379 69 92 Monday 12 June 2006 PARTICLE PHYSICS COLLOQUIUM at 17:00 - Stückelberg Auditorium Quantum computers - dream and realization Prof. R. Blatt / University of Innsbruck, Austria Computational operations always rely on real physical processes, which are data input, data representation in a memory, data manipulation using algorithms and finally, the data output. With conventional computers all the processes are classical processes and can be described accordingly. Theoretically, it is known for several years now that certain computations could be processed much more efficiently using quantum mechanical operations. This requires the implementation of quantum bits (qubits), quantum registers and quantum gates and the development of quantum algorithms. Several approaches for the implementation of quantum computers will be presented, with special emphasis o...

  8. The Service University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arild Tjeldvoll

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The traditional western research university’s academic freedom is increasingly challenged by external economical interests. This has consequences for what has been regarded as a key quality dimension of a university. The balance between institutional autonomy, academic freedom and accountability to external stakeholders is claimed to be changing in disfavour of the academic freedom kept up by the professoriate. From its stakeholders the institution is expected to serve politicians, state bureaucracy and market in a qualitatively different way from before, primarily from economic motives. Is academic freedom at all possible in an institution predominantly financed by producing services to meet economic criteria? A likely answer would be no, and another tentative, answer could be that yes, it is possible, due to the strong academic legacy imbedded in western academics’ identity – and to the global communicative room of free actions made possible by the new information technology.

  9. EVALUATION OF UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadire ÇAVUŞ

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The importance of Education Technology is rapidly increasing as time passes. Studies also madewithin this field show parallel increase too. It has been put forward that, the importance which has been aroused effects theamount of service quality offered. The aim of this study is to evaluate the services which are offered that creates an effectivelearning environment. The libraries were evaluated according to catalogue search, website, hardware, staff, materials, needs oflibrary, achieve to materials, directions and opening hours of libraries. “The quality of the offered service at the libraries” wasthe collective data tool. The data set includes users from university libraries and Atatürk Culture Center Library. Collected datawas analyzed with SPSS 14 and the necessary statistical calculations were made and data’s were presented.

  10. Magnetizing the universe

    CERN Document Server

    Subramanian, Kandaswamy

    2007-01-01

    The origin of cosmic magnetism is an issue of fundamental importance in astrophysics. We review here some of the ideas of how large scale magnetic fields in the universe, particularly in galaxies and galaxy clusters could arise. The popular paradigm involves the generation of a seed magnetic field followed by turbulent dynamo amplification of the seed field. We first outline various seed field generation mechanisms including Biermann batteries. These in general give a field much smaller than the observed field and so they require further amplification by dynamo action. The basic idea behind fluctuation dynamos, as applied to cluster magnetism and the mean-field helical dynamo as applied to disk galaxies, are outlined. Major difficulties with the dynamo paradigm are considered. It is particularly important to understand the nonlinear saturation of dynamos, and whether the fields produced are coherent enough on large-scales to explain the observed fields in galaxies and clusters. At the same time the alternativ...

  11. Universality of Decoherence

    CERN Document Server

    Braun, D; Strunz, W T; Braun, Daniel; Haake, Fritz; Strunz, Walter T.

    2001-01-01

    We consider environment induced decoherence of quantum superpositions to mixtures in the limit in which that process is much faster than any competing one generated by the Hamiltonian $H_{\\rm sys}$ of the isolated system. While the golden rule then does not apply we can discard $H_{\\rm sys}$. By allowing for simultaneous couplings to different reservoirs, we reveal decoherence as a universal short-time phenomenon independent of the character of the system as well as the bath and of the basis the superimposed states are taken from. We discuss consequences for the classical behavior of the macroworld and quantum measurement: For the decoherence of superpositions of macroscopically distinct states the system Hamiltonian is always negligible.

  12. Inflating an Inhomogeneous Universe

    CERN Document Server

    Easther, Richard; Rasero, Javier

    2014-01-01

    While cosmological inflation can erase primordial inhomogeneities, it is possible that inflation may not begin in a significantly inhomogeneous universe. This issue is particularly pressing in multifield scenarios, where even the homogeneous dynamics may depend sensitively on the initial configuration. This paper presents an initial survey of the onset of inflation in multifield models, via qualitative lattice-based simulations that do not include local gravitational backreaction. Using hybrid inflation as a test model, our results suggest that small subhorizon inhomogeneities do play a key role in determining whether inflation begins in multifield scenarios. Interestingly, some configurations which do not inflate in the homogeneous limit "succeed" after inhomogeneity is included, while other initial configurations which inflate in the homogeneous limit "fail" when inhomogeneity is added.

  13. University Engagement at INL

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morrell, Sean Robert [Idaho National Laboratory; Rynes, Amanda Renee [Idaho National Laboratory

    2014-07-01

    There are currently over 900 facilities in over 170 countries which fall under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards. As additional nations look to purse civilian nuclear programs or to expand infrastructure already in place, the number of reactors and accompanying facilities as well as the quantity of material has greatly increased. Due to the breadth of the threat and the burden placed on the IAEA as nuclear applications expand, it has become increasingly important that safeguards professionals have a strong understanding of both the technical and political aspects of nonproliferation starting early in their career. To begin overcoming this challenge, Idaho National Laboratory, has partnered with local universities to deliver a graduate level nuclear engineering course that covers both aspects of the field with a focus on safeguards applications. To date over 60 students across multiple disciplines have participated in this course with many deciding to transition into a nonproliferation area of focus in both their academic and professional careers.

  14. Universal quantum sorter

    CERN Document Server

    Ionicioiu, Radu

    2015-01-01

    Measuring the state of a quantum system is a fundamental process in quantum mechanics and plays an essential role in quantum information and quantum technologies. One method to measure a quantum observable is to sort the system in different spatial modes according to the measured value, followed by single-particle detectors on each mode. Examples of quantum sorters are polarizing beam-splitters (PBS) -- which direct photons according to their polarization -- and Stern-Gerlach devices. Here we propose a general scheme to sort a quantum system according to the value of any $d$-dimensional degree of freedom, such as spin, orbital angular momentum (OAM), wavelength etc. Our scheme is universal, works at single-particle level and has a theoretical efficiency of 100%. As an application we design an efficient OAM sorter consisting of a single multi-path interferometer which is suitable for a photonic chip implementation.

  15. Warped Universal Extra Dimensions

    CERN Document Server

    Medina, Anibal D

    2010-01-01

    We consider a 5D warped scenario with a KK-parity symmetry, where the non-trivial warping arises from the dynamics that stabilizes the size of the extra dimension. Generically, the lightest Kaluza-Klein (KK) particle is the first excitation of the radion field, while the next-to-lightest Kaluza-Klein particle is either the first excitation of the (RH) top quark or the first KK-parity odd Higgs. All these masses are expected to be of order the electroweak scale. We present simple analytical expressions for the masses and wavefunctions of the lowest lying KK modes, and derive the Feynman rules necessary for phenomenological applications. The framework allows to interpolate between a strongly warped scenario a la Randall-Sundrum (RS), and a weakly warped scenario that shares properties of both RS and Universal Extra Dimensions models.

  16. Self-accelerated Universe

    CERN Document Server

    Kosyakov, B P

    2005-01-01

    It is widely believed that the large redshifts for distant supernovae are explained by the vacuum energy dominance, or, in other words, by the cosmological constant in Einstein's equations, which is responsible for the anti-gravitation effect. A tacit assumption is that particles move along a geodesic for the background metric. This is in the same spirit as the consensus regarding the uniform Galilean motion of a free electron. However, there is a runaway solution to the Lorentz--Dirac equation governing the behavior of a radiating electron, in addition to the Galilean solution. Likewise, a runaway solution to the entire system of equations, both gravitation and matter equations of motion including, may provide an alternative explanation for the accelerated expansion of the Universe, without recourse to the hypothetic cosmological constant.

  17. Is the Universe Transparent?

    CERN Document Server

    Liao, Kai; Li, Zhengxiang

    2015-01-01

    We present our study on cosmic opacity, which relates to changes in photon number as photons travel from the source to the observer. Cosmic opacity may be caused by absorption/scattering due to matter in the universe, or by extragalactic magnetic fields that can turn photons into unobserved particles (e.g. light axions, chameleons, gravitons, Kaluza-Klein modes), and it is crucial to correctly interpret astronomical photometric measurements like type Ia supernovae observations. On the other hand, the expansion rate at different epochs, i.e. the observational Hubble parameter data $H(z)$, are obtained from differential ageing of passively evolving galaxies or from baryon acoustic oscillations and thus are not affected by cosmic opacity. In this work, we first construct opacity-free luminosity distances from $H(z)$ determinations, taking correlations between different redshifts into consideration for our error analysis. Moreover, we let the light-curve fitting parameters, accounting for distance estimation in t...

  18. Universal Steering Criteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Huangjun; Hayashi, Masahito; Chen, Lin

    2016-02-01

    We propose a general framework for constructing universal steering criteria that are applicable to arbitrary bipartite states and measurement settings of the steering party. The same framework is also useful for studying the joint measurement problem. Based on the data-processing inequality for an extended Rényi relative entropy, we then introduce a family of steering inequalities, which detect steering much more efficiently than those inequalities known before. As illustrations, we show unbounded violation of a steering inequality for assemblages constructed from mutually unbiased bases and establish an interesting connection between maximally steerable assemblages and complete sets of mutually unbiased bases. We also provide a single steering inequality that can detect all bipartite pure states of full Schmidt rank. In the course of study, we generalize a number of results intimately connected to data-processing inequalities, which are of independent interest.

  19. The last universal physicist

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Born in Rome in 1901, Fermi was the last universal physicist - the most extraordinary of his century. He was at home in the workshop, the laboratory and among theoretical physicists. For the theorists he was a great theorist, and for the experimentalists he was a great experimentalist. What made Fermi so special as a physicist was his universality and versatility; what made him so special as a person was his modesty, realism and frugal lifestyle. This book, which describes Fermi's contributions to physics and the US period of his life, originated from a symposium that was held in Chicago in 2001 to commemorate the centenary of his birth. But it is not merely a volume of reminiscences. It combines essays, specially commissioned articles, as well as private material from Fermi's research notebooks, correspondence and speeches. Together the material highlights the breadth of his impact on physics. A classic biographical introduction by Emilio Segre is followed by an article in which Frank Wilczek, who shared the Nobel Prize for Physics last year, puts into perspective Fermi's huge contributions to physics. The list of his achievements is impressive. They include the introduction of Fermi statistics for half-integer-spin particles (1925) - now called fermions - that led to the concept of the 'Fermi surface' in condensed-matter and nuclear physics; the vector-coupling theory for beta-decay (1933), which formulated the proper structure of the weak interaction where the 'Fermi constant' measures the strength of the coupling; and the introduction, with his Rome group, of neutron-induced radioactivity and the study of slow-neutron interactions (1934). As a researcher and a teacher, Fermi inspired two generations and two continents - a man whose charismatic nature attracted many talented scientists and students to Chicago. What emerges from this book is the gratitude of so many extraordinary physicists to their master, who instilled in them a passion that has lasted a

  20. Behavioral medicine in Teikyo University and Toho University

    OpenAIRE

    Takeuchi, Takeaki; Hashizume, Masahiro

    2016-01-01

    Behavioral medicine has increased in importance to become a promising field in medical education. The Teikyo University Graduate School of Public Health and Toho University School of Medicine were evaluated in terms of their educational emphasis on behavioral medicine. The Teikyo University Graduate School of Public Health has the following five core requirements, as in the global standards: behavioral medicine, biostatistics, epidemiology, occupational health, and health policy management. B...

  1. Acceleration of Black Hole Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Tianxi

    2012-05-01

    An alternative cosmological model called black hole universe has been recently proposed by the author. According to this model, the universe originated from a hot star-like black hole, and gradually grew up through a supermassive black hole to the present state by accreting ambient materials and merging with other black holes. The entire space is structured with an infinite number of layers hierarchically. The innermost three layers are the universe that we live, the outside space called mother universe, and the inside star-like and supermassive black holes called child universes. The outermost layer has an infinite radius and limits to zero for both the mass density and absolute temperature. All layers or universes are governed by the same physics, the Einstein general theory of relativity with the Robertson-Walker metric of space-time, and tend to expand outward physically. The evolution of the space structure is iterative. When one universe expands out, a new similar universe grows up from its inside. In this study. we will analyze the acceleration of black hole universe that accretes its ambient matter in an increasing rate. We will also compare the result obtained from the black hole universe model with the measurement of type Ia supernova and the result from the big bang cosmology.

  2. Open University Center of the Pontifical Javeriana University, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omayra Parra de Marroquin

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available According to Garcia Canclini (1990 there is the assumption that Colombia is a hybrid society. Upon this standpoint, and within a traditional higher education structure characterized by being fundamentally conventional or campus based, the Open University Center of the Pontificia Universidad Javeriana was created as an education program that breaks with every traditional scheme, which in turn, encourages a new learning pattern. The Open University Center emerges as a "social response" focused on the "here and now" of today's society in Colombia.The Javeriana University (a hybrid university can be placed in this context as well as the Open University Center, as a part of it. Since its creation, through its programs this center offers education to the most vulnerable of Colombia's population, contributing to raise their quality of life.In this article, the authors outline the Open University Center's place in the University's context: its historical development and its structure concerning students, programs, regulations, infrastructure and technological equipment. They also identify the implications and relationships of the traditional education proper of the Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, as well as the projection and contributions of the Open University Center to the University's future in the pedagogical order of distance education towards virtual education.

  3. Is the Universe logotropic?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chavanis, Pierre-Henri

    2015-07-01

    We consider the possibility that the universe is made of a single dark fluid described by a logotropic equation of state P = A ln( ρ/ρ*, where ρ is the rest-mass density, ρ * is a reference density, and A is the logotropic temperature. The energy density ɛ is the sum of two terms: a rest-mass energy term ρ c 2 that mimics dark matter and an internal energy term u( ρ) = - P( ρ) - A that mimics dark energy. This decomposition leads to a natural, and physical, unification of dark matter and dark energy, and elucidates their mysterious nature. In the early universe, the rest-mass energy dominates and the dark fluid behaves as pressureless dark matter ( P ≃ 0, ɛ ∝ a -3. In the late universe, the internal energy dominates and the dark fluid behaves as dark energy ( P ˜ - ɛ, ɛ ∝ ln a. The logotropic model depends on a single parameter B = A / ρ Λ c 2 (dimensionless logotropic temperature), where ρ Λ = 6.72 × 10-24 g m-3 is the cosmological density. For B = 0, we recover the ΛCDM model with a different justification. For B > 0, we can describe deviations from the ΛCDM model. Using cosmological constraints, we find that 0 ≤ B ≤ 0.09425. We consider the possibility that dark matter halos are described by the same logotropic equation of state. When B > 0, pressure gradients prevent gravitational collapse and provide halo density cores instead of cuspy density profiles, in agreement with the observations. The universal rotation curve of logotropic dark matter halos is consistent with the observational Burkert profile (Burkert, Astrophys. J. 447, L25 (1995)) up to the halo radius. It decreases as r -1 at large distances, similarly to the profile of dark matter halos close to the core radius (Burkert, arXiv:1501.06604). Interestingly, if we assume that all the dark matter halos have the same logotropic temperature B, we find that their surface density Σ 0 = ρ0 r h is constant. This result is in agreement with the observations (Donato et al., Mon

  4. A Small Universal Petri Net

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dmitry A. Zaitsev

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available A universal deterministic inhibitor Petri net with 14 places, 29 transitions and 138 arcs was constructed via simulation of Neary and Woods' weakly universal Turing machine with 2 states and 4 symbols; the total time complexity is exponential in the running time of their weak machine. To simulate the blank words of the weakly universal Turing machine, a couple of dedicated transitions insert their codes when reaching edges of the working zone. To complete a chain of a given Petri net encoding to be executed by the universal Petri net, a translation of a bi-tag system into a Turing machine was constructed. The constructed Petri net is universal in the standard sense; a weaker form of universality for Petri nets was not introduced in this work.

  5. From Traditional to Modern Universities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Anja Birch; Sort, Jesper Chrautwald; Nielsen, Christian

    This paper reports a longitudinal multi-case research project encompassing 72 semi-structured interviews carried out in 2011 and 2012. The interviews covered topics of the collaboration between university and industry, why they were engaged, who benefitted from it, the initial motives and final...... results. In addition the interviews tried to focus on whether the industry understood the motives of the university to engage in collaboration and vice versa. Focusing on whether the performance measurements used by politicians and universities today enhances the collaborations or obstruct them. The paper...... concludes that the performance management used today in universities in form of publications is overlooking the industries’ need of growth from the university knowledge. Hence motivating the scientists to engage in collaborations only from the university point of view and only to a limited extent concerning...

  6. Our Astounding Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mishra, Monika

    2016-04-01

    The philosophy of my life is to keep encouraging children to think beyond they could achieve easily. I understand children are adaptive to change and take things with an open mind. They are ready to experiment with new things and dare to dream big. I am fortunate to being a teacher by profession and thus I always attempt experimenting, observing, and participating with other children and adults. Children learn through play. From birth, children are active participants in building their own understanding. Teachers prepare the environment to help each child build on what they already know. It is such a great pleasure to observe every young kid that becomes excited and curious to know when we show them the Universe pictures and tell them about the strange objects in our Universe. So my aim is to keep them ignited by doing different activities throughout the year related to Space. I am always a firm believer of: Creativity is the key to success in the future, and primary education is where teachers can bring creativity in children at that level. One of my main ways of teaching is to conduct various presentations on The Solar System and beyond and debates on Space explorations. A Planet making project is one of the all-time favorite project for my students where they dare to dream to fly in the universe, and with their imagination, kids make different celestial objects and present them. To inculcate scientific attitude I arrange film screening, simulation exercises and quizzes on various topics of astronomy. Every year we celebrate World Space Week 4th to 10th of Oct. The motivation among all came through different hands-on activities like-painting, slogan competition, topics related to space, poetry and essay writing on various topics related to astronomy, assembly presentations in school. I am indeed overwhelmed when I started the very special Space and Astronomy club where young toddlers are involved in different activities like a star gazing program, conducting

  7. Postmodernity and the university

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Scott

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The utility of post-modernism as an interpretative framework for understanding the development of contemporary higher education systems is sharply contested. Critics argue that post-modernism is, at best, a set of ideas in aesthetics, literature and critical theory with limited relevance outside these domains and, at worst, a passing intellectual fashion that is now out-of-date. However, post-modernity —or, as some would prefer, late modernity or ‘fluid’ modernity — is perhaps a more useful idea. In 21stcentury society there are a number of trends, some structural such as the growth of a knowledge-based economy and development of new patterns of knowledge production; and some conceptual such as the reconfiguration of time and space and the recognition of ‘difference’ (and risk? as key factor in the constitution of social life (and individual identity, which have a direct impact on the university. This impact is felt in two ways — first, the university is a primary engine of these transformations. Secondly, the university is shaped by these transformations (both normatively and cognitively in terms of teaching and research and structurally in terms of its organisational characteristics, governance and managementLa utilidad del postmodernismo como marco interpretativo para comprender el desarrollo de los sistemas contemporáneos de educación superior ha sido severamente contestada. Los críticos argumentan que el postmodernismo es, como mucho, un conjunto de ideas en los ámbitos de la estética, literatura y teoría crítica con relevancia limitada fuera de esos campos y, a lo peor, una moda intelectual pasajera que actualmente está caducada. No obstante, la postmodernidad —o, como algunos preferirían, la modernidad tardía o modernidad «fluida»— es quizá una idea más útil. En la sociedad del siglo XXI hay un cúmulo de tendencias, algunas estructurales, como el crecimiento de la economía basada en el conocimiento y el

  8. Accelerating Universe and Event Horizon

    OpenAIRE

    He, Xiao-Gang(INPAC, SKLPPC and Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China)

    2001-01-01

    It has been argued in the literature that if a universe is expanding with an accelerating rate indefinitely, it presents a challenge to string theories due to the existence of event horizons. We study the fate of a currently accelerating universe. We show that the universe will continue to accelerate indefinitely if the parameter $\\omega = p/\\rho$ of the equation of state is a constant, no matter how many different types of energy (matter, radiation, quintessence, cosmological constant and et...

  9. FRACTAL STRUCTURE OF THE UNIVERSE

    OpenAIRE

    Timkov, Valery; Timkov, Serg; Zhukov, Vladimir

    2016-01-01

    It is a hypothesis about the hierarchical fractal structure of the Universe. According to the hypothesis the Universe consists of an infinite number of spatial and hierarchic fractal-spherical levels of matter that are nested within each other. In ascending order of spatial hierarchy, the following main fractals Universe that conventionally associated with the types of interactions of matter : nuclear , atomic, electromagnetic, gravitational. It can also be assumed that there exist fractals w...

  10. Categorisation of Public Universities Funding

    OpenAIRE

    Abd Rahman Ahmad; Alan Farley; Ng Kim Soon

    2014-01-01

    This paper aims to investigate the impact of Federal Government policy on the categorisation of Malaysian public universities. The results of a quantitative survey questionnaire for major data collection and qualitative focus group interviews confirm that the initiative have an impact on research and teaching activities in Malaysian public universities. It can be concluded that the categorisation of Malaysian public universities play an important role in the development of research and teachi...

  11. University Effect on Regional Inovation

    OpenAIRE

    Robin Cowan; Natalia Zinovyeva

    2009-01-01

    This paper analyzes empirically whether expansion of a university system affects local industry innovation. We examine how the opening of new university faculties in Italy during 1985-2000 affected regional innovation systems. We find that creation of a new university faculty increased regional innovation activity already within five years. On average, an opening of a new faculty has led to a seven percent change in the number of patents filed by regional firms. Given that this effect occurs ...

  12. Universal human habitat. Basic principles

    OpenAIRE

    Stepanov Vyacheslav Konstantinovich; Starikov Aleksandr Sergeevich

    2012-01-01

    Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities were adopted in 1993 by the United Nations. They have been valid since then. The number of disabled and elderly people is ever growing due to injuries, accidents, environmental problems, deterioration of health, population aging and demographic disorders. The term "universal habitat" reads as "universal design" worldwide. The concept of "universal design" was developed by Ronald Mace, American arc...

  13. FCC Universal Licensing System (ULS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Communications Commission — The Universal Licensing System allows electronic filing of applications processed by the Commission. The ULS allows you to indicate the application purpose and...

  14. The Challenge of University Autonomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reilly, John; Turcan, Romeo V.; Bugaian, Larisa

    2016-01-01

    The authors introduce the reader to the book, providing a historical perspective and a current understanding of university autonomy. While appreciating the central role of the four dimensions of university autonomy – organisational, financial, human resource, and academic – the authors conjecture...... that a fuller understanding of university autonomy can only be obtained through a holistic view of the complex inter-relationships between stakeholders and policies which can reinforce and, equally, pull in opposite directions. This holistic view is represented in a model of institutional university...

  15. Taiwan Universities: Where to Go?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Ying Kuo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The dramatic expansion of Taiwan universities/colleges from about 100 to 160 from the late 1980s has encountered problems due to social and global changes. What should Taiwan universities move toward and how? This research relies on secondary data to explore the issues Taiwan universities currently face—a low birth rate and global competition. The decreasing number of incoming students will result in a lower registration rate and less tuition revenue, which will make some universities struggle to survive. Hence, government policies, proposed by the Ministry of Education, have been implemented to assist Taiwan universities to adjust to external changes. The Innovative Transformation Policy, adopted in 2015, consists of strategies for university–industry cooperation, university mergers, university closures, and a re-shaping of the university paradigm. This policy has begun to be implemented and its initial outcome will be continually evaluated. In accordance with the Innovative Transformation Policy, this study encourages Taiwan universities to improve governance, set prominent unique characteristics of development, and enhance global competitiveness.

  16. Multi-Particle Universal Processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Novotný

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available We generalize bipartite universal processes to the subclass of multi-particle universal processes from one to N particles. We show how the general statement for a multi-particle universal process can be constructed. The one-parameter family of processes generating totally anti-symmetric states has been generalized to a multi-particle regime and its entanglement properties have been studied. A view is given on the complete positivity and the possible physical realization of universal processes. 

  17. Excellence in the Pluralistic University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wharton, Clifton R., Jr.

    1973-01-01

    The pluralistic university must explore the relationship between educational equity and individual excellence, and between egalitarianism and the excellence of societal and educational institutions. (Author)

  18. Universe acceleration and nonlinear electrodynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Kruglov, S I

    2016-01-01

    A new model of nonlinear electrodynamics with a dimensional parameter $\\beta$ coupled to gravity is considered. We show that an accelerated expansion of the universe takes place if the nonlinear electromagnetic field is the source of the gravitational field. A pure magnetic universe is investigated and the magnetic field drives the universe to accelerate. In this model, after the big bang, the universe undergoes inflation, and the accelerated expansion and then decelerates approaching Minkowski spacetime asymptotically. We demonstrate the causality of the model and a classical stability at the deceleration phase.

  19. The European System for Electing University Presidents and University Governance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Huaide

    2014-01-01

    The system of electing university presidents in Spain, Switzerland, Italy, and the United Kingdom has distinctive characteristics. Almost all university presidents are elected by teachers and students, either directly or indirectly through elections with government approval of the appointment a mere formality. Principles of these elections include…

  20. External meeting: Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Université de Genève Ecole de physique 24 quai Ernest Ansermet 1211 Genève 4 Tél : + 41 22 379 63 83 (secrétariat) Tél : + 41 22 379 62 56 (réception) Fax: + 41 22 379 69 22 Lundi 20 novembre 2006 COLLOQUIUM 17:00 - Auditoire Stückelberg Electrical correlation measurements in quantum nano-structures Dr. Stefan Oberholzer / Basel University Measuring the current-voltage characteristics of small conductors is widely used to characterize their electronic transport properties. In addition to such time-averaged measurements, correlation measurements between temporal fluctuations (noise) around the time-averaged mean current provide us with very important supplementary information about electrical transport. In this talk, I review our experimental work on shot noise, noise which originates from the granularity of charge and the diffraction of the electronic wave-function, and especially address the fundamental relation between electronic scattering experiments and the statistical properties of indist...

  1. External conference: Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    ECOLE DE PHYSIQUE Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 - Tél : 022 379 62 73 - Fax: 022 379 69 92 Monday 11 June 2007 COLLOQUE DE LA SECTION DE PHYSIQUE at 17:00 - Stückelberg Auditorium The CERN Axion Solar Telescope (CAST). Motivation, concept, results and potential implications Prof. Konstantin ZIOUTAS / University of Patras/Greece & CERN and CAST-spokesperson Axion is one of the leading dark matter particle candidates. The last few years axion searches are in the spotlight. The physics motivation will be presented. Particles like the axions should be produced also in Stars like our Sun. In magnetic fields axions can coherently oscillate to photons and vice versa (Primakoff effect). CAST searches for solar axions pointing a recycled LHC magnet towards the Sun, and, it provides new results since 2002. Its working principle might well be already at work in outer space, asking for an alternative, though exotic, point of view for certain myst...

  2. The Holographic Universe

    CERN Document Server

    Luminet, Jean-Pierre

    2016-01-01

    I give a critical review of the holographic hypothesis, which posits that a universe with gravity can be described by a quantum field theory in fewer dimensions. I first recall how the idea originated from considerations on black hole thermodynamics and the so-called information paradox that arises when Hawking radiation is taken into account. String Quantum Gravity tried to solve the puzzle using the AdS/CFT correspondence, according to which a black hole in a 5-D anti-de Sitter space is like a flat 4-D field of particles and radiation. Although such an interesting holographic property, also called gauge/gravity duality, has never been proved rigorously, it has impulsed a number of research programs in fields as diverse as nuclear physics, condensed matter physics, general relativity and cosmology. I finally discuss the pros and cons of the holographic conjecture, and emphasizes the key role played by black holes for understanding quantum gravity and possible dualities between distant fields of theoretical p...

  3. A World Nuclear University

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper discusses the mission and tasks of the World Nuclear University (WNU) established to build worldwide knowledge and support the effective use of nuclear techniques for solving the global human and environmental problems of 21 century and thereby support the global sustainable development. In this respect the WNU would build Human resources, Technical knowledge and Public Support. A Network of educational and research institutions with strong programmes in nuclear science and engineering will be created. The WNU Head quarters and Regional Centers will: 1) Facilitate agreement on curriculum and WNU certification curriculum 2) Develop and administer scholarships; 3) Foster educational exchanges within WNU family institutions; 4) Build core faculty for summer 1/2 year Masters degrees; 5) Co-ordinate research, grants and knowledge management research; 6) Operate think tank and public information service; 7) Emphasise key areas such as safeguards systems and the nuclear-renewable-hydrogen economy; 8) Oversee world-wide human resources pool; 9) Orchestrate alumni support for nuclear technology. The possible participants and possible location of the Regional Centres are given

  4. Universal Signal Conditioning Amplifier

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinney, Frank

    1997-01-01

    The Technological Research and Development Authority (TRDA) and NASA-KSC entered into a cooperative agreement in March of 1994 to achieve the utilization and commercialization of a technology development for benefiting both the Space Program and U.S. industry on a "dual-use basis". The technology involved in this transfer is a new, unique Universal Conditioning Amplifier (USCA) used in connection with various types of transducers. The project was initiated in partnership with I-Net Corporation, Lockheed Martin Telemetry & Instrumentation (formerly Loral Test and Information Systems) and Brevard Community College. The project consists of designing, miniaturizing, manufacturing, and testing an existing prototype of USCA that was developed for NASA-KSC by the I-Net Corporation. The USCA is a rugged and field-installable self (or remotely)- programmable amplifier that works in combination with a tag random access memory (RAM) attached to various types of transducers. This summary report comprises performance evaluations, TRDA partnership tasks, a project summary, project milestones and results.

  5. Inflation, Universality and Attractors

    CERN Document Server

    Scalisi, Marco

    2016-01-01

    In this PhD thesis, we investigate generic features of inflation which are strictly related to fundamental aspects of UV-physics scenarios, such as string theory or supergravity. After a short introduction to standard and inflationary cosmology, we present our research findings. On the one hand, we show that focusing on universality properties of inflation can yield surprisingly stringent bounds on its dynamics. This approach allows us to identify the regime where the inflationary field range is uniquely determined by both the tensor-to-scalar ratio and the spectral index. Then, we derive a novel field-range bound, which is two orders of magnitude stronger than the original one derived by Lyth. On the other hand, we discuss the embedding of inflation in supergravity and prove that non-trivial hyperbolic K\\"ahler geometries induce an attractor for the inflationary observables: the spectral tilt tends automatically to the center of the Planck dome whereas the amount of primordial gravitational waves is directly...

  6. Is the Universe logotropic?

    CERN Document Server

    Chavanis, Pierre-Henri

    2015-01-01

    We consider the possibility that the universe is made of a single dark fluid described by a logotropic equation of state $P=A\\ln(\\rho/\\rho_*)$, where $\\rho$ is the rest-mass density, $\\rho_*$ is a reference density, and $A$ is the logotropic temperature. The energy density $\\epsilon$ is the sum of two terms: a rest-mass energy term $\\rho c^2$ that mimics dark matter and an internal energy term $u(\\rho)=-P(\\rho)-A$ that mimics dark energy. This decomposition leads to a natural, and physical, unification of dark matter and dark energy, and elucidates their mysterious nature. The logotropic model depends on a single parameter $B=A/\\rho_{\\Lambda}c^2$ where $\\rho_{\\Lambda}$ is the cosmological density. For $B=0$, we recover the $\\Lambda$CDM model. Using cosmological constraints, we find that $0\\le B\\le 0.09425$. We consider the possibility that dark matter halos are described by the same logotropic equation of state. When $B>0$, pressure gradients prevent gravitational collapse and provide halo density cores inste...

  7. Water in the Universe

    CERN Document Server

    Hanslmeier, Arnold

    2011-01-01

    Due to its specific chemical and physical properties, water is essential for life on Earth. And it is assumed that this would be the case for extraterrestrial life as well. Therefore it is important to investigate where water can be found in the Universe. Although there are places that are completely dry, places where the last rainfall happened probably several 100 million years ago, surprisingly this substance is quite omnipresent. In the outer solar system the large satellites of Jupiter and Saturn are covered by a thick layer of ice that could be hiding a liquid ocean below. This of course brings up the question of whether the recently detected extrasolar planets could have some water on their surfaces and how we can detect this. Water molecules are also found in interstellar gas and dust clouds. This book begins with an introductory chapter reviewing the physical and chemical properties of water. Then it illuminates the apparent connection between water and life. This is followed by chapters dealing with ...

  8. Is the Universe homogeneous?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maartens, Roy

    2011-12-28

    The standard model of cosmology is based on the existence of homogeneous surfaces as the background arena for structure formation. Homogeneity underpins both general relativistic and modified gravity models and is central to the way in which we interpret observations of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) and the galaxy distribution. However, homogeneity cannot be directly observed in the galaxy distribution or CMB, even with perfect observations, since we observe on the past light cone and not on spatial surfaces. We can directly observe and test for isotropy, but to link this to homogeneity we need to assume the Copernican principle (CP). First, we discuss the link between isotropic observations on the past light cone and isotropic space-time geometry: what observations do we need to be isotropic in order to deduce space-time isotropy? Second, we discuss what we can say with the Copernican assumption. The most powerful result is based on the CMB: the vanishing of the dipole, quadrupole and octupole of the CMB is sufficient to impose homogeneity. Real observations lead to near-isotropy on large scales--does this lead to near-homogeneity? There are important partial results, and we discuss why this remains a difficult open question. Thus, we are currently unable to prove homogeneity of the Universe on large scales, even with the CP. However, we can use observations of the cosmic microwave background, galaxies and clusters to test homogeneity itself. PMID:22084298

  9. Universal Factor Graphs

    CERN Document Server

    Feige, Uriel

    2012-01-01

    The factor graph of an instance of a symmetric constraint satisfaction problem on n Boolean variables and m constraints (CSPs such as k-SAT, k-AND, k-LIN) is a bipartite graph describing which variables appear in which constraints. The factor graph describes the instance up to the polarity of the variables, and hence there are up to 2km instances of the CSP that share the same factor graph. It is well known that factor graphs with certain structural properties make the underlying CSP easier to either solve exactly (e.g., for tree structures) or approximately (e.g., for planar structures). We are interested in the following question: is there a factor graph for which if one can solve every instance of the CSP with this particular factor graph, then one can solve every instance of the CSP regardless of the factor graph (and similarly, for approximation)? We call such a factor graph universal. As one needs different factor graphs for different values of n and m, this gives rise to the notion of a family of unive...

  10. 'Universal' FitzGerald Contractions

    OpenAIRE

    Gogberashvili, Merab

    2008-01-01

    The model of a universe with a preferred frame, which nevertheless shares the main properties with traditional special and general relativity theories, is considered. We adopt Mach's interpretation of inertia and show that the energy balance equation, which includes the Machian energy of gravitational interactions with the universe, can imitate standard relativistic formulas.

  11. University Research: Understanding Its Role

    Science.gov (United States)

    Association of American Universities, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Since World War II, the federal government has maintained a partnership with the nation's research universities, based on the bipartisan consensus that (1) the nation needs to invest its resources in curiosity-driven, competitively awarded basic research, and (2) basic research is best conducted at the nation's universities. As a result of that…

  12. University Rankings and Social Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marginson, Simon

    2014-01-01

    University rankings widely affect the behaviours of prospective students and their families, university executive leaders, academic faculty, governments and investors in higher education. Yet the social science foundations of global rankings receive little scrutiny. Rankings that simply recycle reputation without any necessary connection to real…

  13. Reformation Comes to the University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaffer, Susan M.

    1992-01-01

    The lessons from the corporate experience of the 1980s, carefully applied, can strengthen the university in support of its mission. Those experiences, sifted and shaped for higher education, can help with the difficult tasks of downsizing, rightsizing, restructuring, streamlining, and decentralizing that confront the university in the 1990s. (MSE)

  14. THE INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL OF UNIVERSITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bratianu Constantin

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to present some of our research results concerning the intellectual capital of universities. This is an important topic of the intellectual research area since universities are knowledge intensive organizations. They contain b

  15. The mercantilization of the university

    OpenAIRE

    Montserrat Galcerán Huguet

    2010-01-01

    This article analyses the current transformation of the European University, also known as the Bologna Process, within the interpretation framework provided by the theory of cognitive capitalism. In my opinion this theory is the key to understanding the University as an essential device fin the formation of "knowledge workers", central agents of wealth-value creation at this (emerging) stage of capitalism.

  16. On evolution of the Universe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We consider the model of evolution of the Universe, in which Big Bang is an explosion of the photon superstar. The inflationary epoch is not necessary in the model. The model describes the basic observable phenomena: expansion of the Universe with acceleration, homogeneity and isotropy, absence of an antimatter, almost flat metrics

  17. Trends in University Summer Sessions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Raymond J.; McDougall, William P.

    1988-01-01

    Data from a nationwide study of the summer term for all public and nonpublic research, doctoral granting, and comprehensive universities are presented. The extent to which summer operations are part of university structure is examined, trends are noted, and recommendations are presented. (Author/MLW)

  18. Water Recycling in Schools & Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meeten, Nick

    2013-01-01

    Consider the waste streams generated in schools and universities. So what is in the typical used water generated in schools and universities? It is typically about 99 percent water, with the remaining 1 percent mainly made up of organic compounds. Used water contains nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorous. When one judges it on its quality, it…

  19. Gifted Students' Transition to University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendaglio, Sal

    2013-01-01

    The transition from school to university presents novel demands for all students. Although this educational milestone has been addressed by scholars, particularly those interested in the study of higher education, there is a dearth of literature regarding gifted students' experience of their handling demands of first-year university. In the…

  20. Small Turing universal signal machines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jérôme Durand-Lose

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This article aims at providing signal machines as small as possible able to perform any computation (in the classical understanding. After presenting signal machines, it is shown how to get universal ones from Turing machines, cellular-automata and cyclic tag systems. Finally a halting universal signal machine with 13 meta-signals and 21 collision rules is presented.

  1. Growing an Emerging Research University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birx, Donald L.; Anderson-Fletcher, Elizabeth; Whitney, Elizabeth

    2013-01-01

    The emerging research college or university is one of the most formidable resources a region has to reinvent and grow its economy. This paper is the first of two that outlines a process of building research universities that enhance regional technology development and facilitate flexible networks of collaboration and resource sharing. Although the…

  2. Are Universities Becoming More Unequal?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Lau; Rosen, Harvey S.

    2016-01-01

    Observers have expressed concern about growing inequality in resources across universities. But are universities really becoming more unequal? We argue that the typical approach of examining endowment growth alone is not sensible. In line with the literature on household inequality, we focus instead on a comprehensive income measure. We find that…

  3. The Philosophy of University Housing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, James A.

    2012-01-01

    This article examines a stated philosophy of university housing and the philosophy's effect on the facilitation of the personal and intellectual growth of students residing in the residence halls and the development of a sense of community. This particular philosophy governs the housing operations at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale.…

  4. On evolution of the universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slavnov, D. A.

    2016-01-01

    We consider the model of evolution of the Universe where the Big Bang is regarded as an explosion of a photon superstar. The inflationary epoch is not necessary in the model. The model describes the fundamental phenomena observed: the Universe is expanding at an increasing rate, it is homogeneous and isotropic and contains no antimatter, and its metrics is almost flat.

  5. Universality and Beyond

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phillips D.R.

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available I discuss the impact of a finite effective range, r, on systems with a large two-body scattering length, a. In particular, I show how observables can be written as an expansion around the “universal”, or large-scatteringlength limit. The parameter governing this expansion is the ratio r/a. In few-nucleon systems the ratio r/a has a value of about 1/3, and so such corrections are essential in producing good agreement between theory and data. Hence, I first show how these effects range play a key role in making the so-called “pionless” effective field theory a successful descriptor of low-energy processes in the NN system. I then move to the NNN system, and review predictions for the energy-dependence of observables there. However, the beautiful Efimov physics associated with the presence of a large scattering length is not fully revealed in the NNN system, precisely because r/a corrections are large. I therefore turn to cold atomic gases and show that there are some important recent experiments where physics “beyond universality” affects the data. In the process I demonstrate that an additional piece of short-distance physics is necessary to renormalize scattering-length-dependent observables in the three-body system once corrections ∼ r are considered. Finally, I discuss recent initial efforts to compute r/a corrections to the predictions of universality for the four-body system.

  6. The INTEGRAL Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoenfelder, V.; Lichti, G.; Winkler, C.

    2004-10-01

    The 5th INTEGRAL workshop "The INTEGRAL Universe" was held at the premises of the Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften in Munich, Germany, from February 16 - 20, 2004. The workshop was attended by over 230 scientists from all over the world. The aim of the workshop was twofold: to bring the scientists together who are using data from the INTEGRAL mission and to present first results which were obtained by the four INTEGRAL instruments during the first 18 months of operation. It was for the first time after launch that INTEGRAL results were presented and discussed in a broader scientific context and compared with results obtained with other instruments at different wavelengths (especially in the optical, infrared and radio). Naturally the results concentrated mainly on the hard X-ray regime since photons are plentiful and the sensitivity of the INTEGRAL instruments is best there. But also very interesting early results at low-energy gamma-rays, especially on gamma-ray lines, were presented. Because of INTEGRAL?s ability to measure and localize gamma-ray bursts quickly, this topic also drew a lot of attention and stimulating results were presented. The following list emphasizes the scientific importance of the topics which were covered by 6 invited, 1 special and 64 contributed talks as well as about 180 posters: + Nucleosynthesis and gamma-ray line spectroscopy + Pulsars + X-ray binaries (with neutron stars and black holes) + Interstellar continuum emission + AGN (Seyferts and Blazars) + Clusters of galaxies + Cosmic background radiation + Gamma-ray bursts + Unidentified gamma-ray sources + Solar flare gamma-rays + Data analysis (posters only) * Future instruments and missions (posters only)

  7. [University trained, professional midwives].

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    The matrona, obstetriz, or obstetrica is a university-traines professional midwife capable of caring for the mother and infant during pregnancy, birth, and the postnatal period. The matrona also conducts normal delvieries and recognizes signs of abnormalities which require the assistance of a physician. The matrona has important functions in health education in the family and community in the areas of gynecology, family planning, and child welfare. Rapid growth of population in all countries and especially in the developing world has increased the disproportion between the number of inhabitants and available health personnel. The maximal utilization of health professionals is thus of great importance. Chilean health authorities have accorded top priority to improving the quality of maternal and child health care, with results that are demonstrated by rates of maternal and infant mortality and of professional attendance at deliveries. The proportion of births receiving professional attendance has increased from 86.4% of the 244,127 births in 1974 to 93.9% of the 256,503 births in 1982. The rates of maternal, neonatal, and infant mortality respectively have decreased from 12.2, 25.8, and 63.3 in 1974 to 5.4, 12.7, and 24.5 in 1982. The work of the matronas is crucial in many communities, and has helped to give Chile one of the highest rates of professional attention to deliveries and postpartum care in Latin America. The proportion of services in the Program of Attention to Women supplied by matronas has increased from 76% of the 2,908,677 consultations in 1974 to 93% of the 3,503,376 consultations in 1982. PMID:12313316

  8. The Black Hole Universe Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Tianxi

    2014-06-01

    The black hole universe model is a multiverse model of cosmology recently developed by the speaker. According to this new model, our universe is a fully grown extremely supermassive black hole, which originated from a hot star-like black hole with several solar masses, and gradually grew up from a supermassive black hole with million to billion solar masses to the present state with trillion-trillion solar masses by accreting ambient matter or merging with other black holes. The entire space is structured with infinite layers or universes hierarchically. The innermost three layers include the universe that we live, the inside star-like and supermassive black holes called child universes, and the outside space called mother universe. The outermost layer is infinite in mass, radius, and entropy without an edge and limits to zero for both the matter density and absolute temperature. All layers are governed by the same physics and tend to expand physically in one direction (outward or the direction of increasing entropy). The expansion of a black hole universe decreases its density and temperature but does not alter the laws of physics. The black hole universe evolves iteratively and endlessly without a beginning. When one universe expands out, a new similar one is formed from inside star-like and supermassive black holes. In each of iterations, elements are resynthesized, matter is reconfigurated, and the universe is renewed rather than a simple repeat. The black hole universe is consistent with the Mach principle, observations, and Einsteinian general relativity. It has only one postulate but is able to explain all phenomena occurred in the universe with well-developed physics. The black hole universe does not need dark energy for acceleration and an inflation epoch for flatness, and thus has a devastating impact on the big bang model. In this talk, I will present how this new cosmological model explains the various aspects of the universe, including the origin

  9. Cognitive biases and language universals

    CERN Document Server

    Baronchelli, Andrea; Puglisi, Andrea

    2013-01-01

    Language universals have been longly attributed to an innate Universal Grammar. An alternative explanation states that linguistic universals emerged independently in every language in response to shared cognitive, though non language-specific, biases. A computational model has recently shown how this could be the case, focusing on the paradigmatic example of the universal properties of color naming patterns, and producing results in accurate agreement with the experimental data. Here we investigate thoroughly the role of a cognitive bias in the framework of this model. We study how, and to what extent, the structure of the bias can influence the corresponding linguistic universal patterns. We show also that the cultural history of a group of speakers introduces population-specific constraints that act against the uniforming pressure of the cognitive bias, and we clarify the interplay between these two forces. We believe that our simulations can help to shed light on the possible mechanisms at work in the evol...

  10. A Model of Nonsingular Universe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Changjun Gao

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available In the background of Friedmann–Robertson–Walker Universe, there exists Hawking radiation which comes from the cosmic apparent horizon due to quantum effect. Although the Hawking radiation on the late time evolution of the universe could be safely neglected, it plays an important role in the very early stage of the universe. In view of this point, we identify the temperature in the scalar field potential with the Hawking temperature of cosmic apparent horizon. Then we find a nonsingular universe sourced by the temperature-dependent scalar field. We find that the universe could be created from a de Sitter phase which has the Planck energy density. Thus the Big-Bang singularity is avoided.

  11. De-Internationalization of Universities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Turcan, Romeo V.; Gulieva, Valeria

    -internationalize from their international markets and such cases raise concerns about sustainability of university internationalization. Despite this evidence, the research in this area is lacking. In this paper we develop a theoretical understanding of how and why universities de-internationalize by focusing on...... withdrawals from franchise, joint venture, and branch campus operations. We use the concept of de-internationalization as a theoretical lens and conduct a review of available unobtrusive data to identify reasons and patterns of universities' withdrawals from international markets.......Alongside student and staff mobility, universities these days get also actively involved in out-ward cross-border activities, such as licensing, entering joint ventures and establishing campuses. These cross-border activities are not without pitfalls however. A large number of universities de...

  12. Asian top universities in six world university ranking systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmood Khosrowjerdi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available There are a variety of ranking systems for universities throughout the different continents of the world. The majority of the world ranking systems have paid special attention toward evaluation of universities and higher education institutions at the national and international level. This paper tries to study the similarities and status of top Asian universities in the list of top 200 universities by these world ranking systems. Findings show that there are some parallelisms among these international rankings. For example it was found some correlations between QS-Webometrics rankings (R= 0.78; QS-THE rankings (R= 0.53; and Shanghai-HEEACT rankings (R= 0.58. The highest correlation rate belongs to QS-Webometrics (R=0.78. The findings show no evidence to prove that the origin country of ranking system has any bias toward the rank of universities of its own country among other countries. For instance QS ranking of the United States classifies many universities of China and Japan as top Asian universities. HEEACT Ranking System of Taiwan includes just one university of Taiwan in the high ranking category (as other rankings do. Shanghai Ranking of China assigns a lower grade to universities of China and Hong Kong in comparison with QS ranking of the USA. Finally, some suggestions are made to improve the benefits of the ranking systems in order to promote the situation of higher education in the world, and recommendations for combining the indicators of these ranking systems to have a more comprehensive one for the world.

  13. Sustaining Community-University Collaborations: The Durham University Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Russell

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Durham University has initiated a community outreach and engagement program based on an evolving multifaceted model. This article analyses the components of the model and looks at how our work at Durham has become increasingly embedded in the structures and processes of the university as it has developed. The strengths and weaknesses in what has been achieved are highlighted, as is the future vision for the further development of this innovative community-university program. Keywords Public engagement; community partnerships; employer supported volunteering; corporate social responsibility

  14. The international and national university rankings as an constituent of university`s competitiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu.S. Shypulina

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to define the importance of participation in World or National universities rankings for higher university institutions as an effective tool in development and improvement of higher education system in total. The results of the analysis. Today the educational market actively interact universities (enterprises that provide educational services and consumers (students who choose university and receive services. The main feature is the intangibility of educational services. Education is intangible and therefore difficult to assess its quality until purchased. Educational services require engineering experience of beneficiaries: university should make a clear image of what perception of reality and knowledge it wants to form for customer. It is important to develop together operational and contextual reinforcements of this impression. Educational services also feature inseparability of service provider. The process of providing educational services and consumption are almost always simultaneous. It should be mentioned that for a long time universities functioned as closed structures, the aim of which is fundamental and applied research and commercialization of their results. Nowadays new market realities show the necessity to provide new managerial forms of modern university. The top task of any university today is not only hiring students, but search for partners and providing of scientific research also. That is where international ratings help. International ratings become indicators of prestige. Relying on the rating results many decisions are made (i. e. decision on university to study, decision on scientific or business partnership. The most authoritative international university rankings are ARWU, QS World University Ranking and Times Higher Education. Ukrainian universities should focus on them in planning their foreign marketing policy. University rankings can be a competitive business

  15. Universal tritium transmitter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    sufficient time to thermally equilibrate. Amplifiers, transistors, resistors all need time to stabilize before the electrometer circuit will measure accurately in the 10-15 and 10-14 ampere range. Existing electrometers give the user no indication when the unit has stabilized and is acceptable for low level measurements. Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) funded through the NNSA Plant Directed Research and Development (PDRD) program, has developed a truly Universal Tritium Transmitter (UTT) capable of solving many known problems with existing commercial electrometers. This UTT pushes the state-of-the-art in electrometer design and incorporates solutions to deficiencies found in commercial electrometers. (authors)

  16. The University for Older Adults: On Cuba's Universalization of the University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rangel, Clara Lig Long; Proenza, Antonia Zenaida Sanchez

    2006-01-01

    In this study we focus on a new program in Cuba, university studies for older adults or seniors. Specifically, we look at the Special Municipality of the Isla de la Juventud (Isle of Youth) in the context of the larger policy of "universalization of higher education." We provide information about Cuban perspectives on adult education, discuss the…

  17. In Search of Cultural Universals: Translation Universals. Case Studies

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriela DIMA

    2014-01-01

    Knowledge of the world is disclosed under various shapes, among which language is the best representative. Specific to humans, it renders feelings and thoughts concerning different communication contexts where words become dynamic primitives endowed with meanings, which recreate themes and reconfigure space and time as universal coordinates. The main objective of the paper is to provide a tentative analysis of the way in which translation universals are manifest in translating proverbs and...

  18. University Technology Transfer: How (in-)efficient are French universities?

    OpenAIRE

    Claudia Curi; Cinzia Daraio; Maria Patrick Llerena

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents the first assessment of the efficiency of the technology transfer operated by the French university system and its main determinants. The analysis is based on a detailed and original database of 51 TTOs, categorized by type of university they belong to, over the period 2003-2007. Overall, we find a low level of efficiency and both intra-category and inter-categories efficiency variation. The analysis of determinants showed that French TTOs efficiency depends extensively on...

  19. USING UNIVERSITY RANKING SYSTEMS TO PREDICT USABILITY OF UNIVERSITY WEBSITES

    OpenAIRE

    Layla Hasan

    2013-01-01

    This research investigated whether a university ranking system called Eduroute could provide useful information regarding the usability of universities’ websites. A comparison was conducted between the results obtained by Eduroute regarding the ranking of the top three universities in Jordan, and the results obtained by the heuristic evaluation method regarding the usability of the top three universities’ websites. Before employing the heuristic evaluation method, two steps were taken: Invest...

  20. Baryon asymmetry in inflationary universe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The problem of the baryon asymmetry in inflationary universe is discussed. It is shown that the baryon asymmetry in inflationary universe under certain constrainsts on masses of superheavy bosons can be larger than that in the standard scenario. An important property of the model considered is that the final baryon asymmetry does not depend on initial conditions in the early universe in contrast to what occUrs in the standard scenario based on (B-L) conserving grand unified theories. The new scenario is realized in the framework of the SU(5) Coleman-Weinberg theory with the symmetry breaking

  1. Cosmology in the plasma universe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Space observations have opened the spectral regions of X-rays and γ-rays, which are produced by plasma processes. The Plasma Universe derived from observations in these regions is drastically different from the now generally accepted 'Visual Light Universe' based on visual light observations alone. Historically this transitions can be compared only to the transition from the geocentric to the heliocentric cosmology. The purpose of this paper is to discuss what criteria a cosmological theory must satisfy in order to be acceptable in the Plasma Universe. (author)

  2. How old is the universe?

    CERN Document Server

    Weintraub, David A

    2010-01-01

    Astronomers have determined that our universe is 13.7 billion years old. How exactly did they come to this precise conclusion? How Old Is the Universe? tells the incredible story of how astronomers solved one of the most compelling mysteries in science and, along the way, introduces readers to fundamental concepts and cutting-edge advances in modern astronomy. The age of our universe poses a deceptively simple question, and its answer carries profound implications for science, religion, and philosophy. David Weintraub traces the centuries-old quest by astronomers to fathom the

  3. Baby universes, fine tuning problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We review the recently popular 'theory of baby universes' put forward by Banks, Coleman and Hawking. We then derive the strong CP breaking coefficient θ-bar to be very small, in a similar manner to the derivation of the cosmological constant being zero. A solution for an old controversy concerning the entropy creation in black holes is also discussed. We finally confront the baby universe theory with random dynamics. We conclude that the theory of baby universes is so successful that the essential features are likely true and might have to go into a right theory even if with some troubles at first. (author)

  4. Achieving Universal Access to Broadband

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morten FALCH

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses appropriate policy measures for achieving universal access to broadband services in Europe. Access can be delivered by means of many different technology solutions described in the paper. This means a greater degree of competition and affects the kind of policy measures to be applied. The paper concludes that other policy measure than the classical universal service obligation are in play, and discusses various policy measures taking the Lisbon process as a point of departure. Available policy measures listed in the paper include, universal service obligation, harmonization, demand stimulation, public support for extending the infrastructure, public private partnerships (PPP, and others.

  5. The Pragmatic University: A Feasible Utopia?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badley, Graham

    2016-01-01

    "Imaginings" of the modern university include such ideas as "the ecological university" and "the pragmatic university". In his attempt to separate utopian from dystopian visions of the university, Ronald Barnett concentrates on an analysis of the ecological university and ignores, for example, the case of the…

  6. University of Aarhus - the stepping stones

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kent T.

    The University of Aarhus has more than 20,000 students, making it the second largest university in Denmark. It is also the second-oldest multi-faculty university in the country, and is celebrating its 75th anniversary in 2003. Like the other Danish universities, the University of Aarhus is...

  7. Refinements in the Jungle Universes

    CERN Document Server

    Simon-Petit, Alicia; Perez, Jérôme

    2016-01-01

    How can effective barotropic matter emerge from the interaction of cosmological fluids in an isotropic and homogeneous cosmological model? The dynamics of homogeneous and isotropic Friedmann-Lema\\^itre-Robertson-Walker universes is a natural special case of generalized Lotka-Volterra systems where each of the universe's fluid components can be seen as a competitive species in a predator-prey model. (Jungle universe : arXiv:1306.1037) In addition to numerical simulations illustrating this behaviour among the barotropic fluids filling the universe, we analytically pinpoint that effective time-dependent barotropic indices can arise from a physical coupling between those fluids whose dynamics could then look like that of another type of cosmic fluid, such as a cosmological constant. Since the nature of dark energy is still unknown, this dynamical approach could help understanding some of the properties of dark matter and dark energy at large cosmological scales.

  8. University involvement in sustainability initiatives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lehmann, Martin; Christensen, Per; Thrane, Mikkel; Jørgensen, Tine Herreborg

    2007-01-01

    with environmental, human, institutional and economic impacts and explores how core knowledge developed through research and education is or is not used in this context. Finally, the paper provides a scenario for opportunities to strengthen the university outreach and for it to become more active in a......With an outset in the case of Aalborg University, the linkages (actual, potential and missing) between academic work in research & education and sustainability initiatives are explored. The focus is both on the university's core activities as a provider of research and education and on the...... university's activities as an organisation, i.e. its own operation and its accounting for this. Sustainability is defined as a continuous process requiring balance between (the emergence of) problems and our ability and capability to solve them. Some core questions that this paper seeks to answer are: "How...

  9. Particle accelerator; the Universe machine

    CERN Multimedia

    Yurkewicz, Katie

    2008-01-01

    "In summer 2008, scientists will switch on one of the largest machines in the world to search for the smallest of particle. CERN's Large Hadron Collider particle accelerator has the potential to chagne our understanding of the Universe."

  10. Neutrino number of the universe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The influence of grand unified theories on the lepton number of the universe is reviewed. A scenario is presented for the generation of a large (>> 1) lepton number and a small (<< 1) baryon number. 15 references

  11. Universal Algebras of Hurwitz Numbers

    OpenAIRE

    A. Mironov; Morozov, A; Natanzon, S.

    2009-01-01

    Infinite-dimensional universal Cardy-Frobenius algebra is constructed, which unifies all particular algebras of closed and open Hurwitz numbers and is closely related to the algebra of differential operators, familiar from the theory of Generalized Kontsevich Model.

  12. Astronomy in the Digital Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haisch, Bernard M.; Lindblom, J.; Terzian, Y.

    2006-12-01

    The Digital Universe is an Internet project whose mission is to provide free, accurate, unbiased information covering all aspects of human knowledge, and to inspire humans to learn, make use of, and expand this knowledge. It is planned to be a decades long effort, inspired by the Encyclopedia Galactica concept popularized by Carl Sagan, and is being developed by the non-profit Digital Universe Foundation. A worldwide network of experts is responsible for selecting content featured within the Digital Universe. The first publicly available content is the Encyclopedia of Earth, a Boston University project headed by Prof. Cutler Cleveland, which will be part of the Earth Portal. The second major content area will be an analogous Encyclopedia of the Cosmos to be part of the Cosmos Portal. It is anticipated that this will evolve into a major resource for astronomy education. Authors and topic editors are now being recruited for the Encyclopedia of the Cosmos.

  13. Phase Transitions in the Universe

    CERN Document Server

    Gleiser, Marcello

    1998-01-01

    During the past two decades, cosmologists turned to particle physics in order to explore the physics of the very early Universe. The main link between the physics of the smallest and largest structures in the Universe is the idea of spontaneous symmetry breaking, familiar from condensed matter physics. Implementing this mechanism into cosmology leads to the interesting possibility that phase transitions related to the breaking of symmetries in high energy particle physics took place during the early history of the Universe. These cosmological phase transitions may help us understand many of the challenges faced by the standard hot Big Bang model of cosmology, while offering a unique window into the very early Universe and the physics of high energy particle interactions.

  14. Universally Balanced Combinatorial Optimization Games

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaotie Deng

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This article surveys studies on universally balanced properties of cooperative games defined in a succinct form. In particular, we focus on combinatorial optimization games in which the values to coalitions are defined through linear optimization programs, possibly combinatorial, that is subject to integer constraints. In economic settings, the integer requirement reflects some forms of indivisibility. We are interested in the classes of games that guarantee a non-empty core no matter what are the admissible values assigned to the parameters defining these programs. We call such classes universally balanced. We present characterization and complexity results on the universally balancedness property for some classes of interesting combinatorial optimization games. In particular, we focus on the algorithmic properties for identifying universally balancedness for the games under discussion.

  15. Third Quantization and Quantum Universes

    CERN Document Server

    Kim, Sang Pyo

    2012-01-01

    We study the third quantization of the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker cosmology with $N$-minimal massless fields. The third quantized Hamiltonian for the WDW equation in the minisuperspace consists of infinite number of intrinsic time-dependent, decoupled oscillators. The Hamiltonian has a pair of invariant operators for each universe with conserved momenta of the fields that play a role of the annihilation and the creation operators and that construct various quantum states for the universe. The closed universe exhibits an interesting feature of transitions from stable states to tachyonic states depending on the conserved momenta of the fields. In the classical forbidden unstable regime, the quantum states have googolplex growing position and conjugate momentum dispersions, which defy any measurements of the position of the universe.

  16. Third Quantization and Quantum Universes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We study the third quantization of the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker cosmology with N-minimal massless fields. The third quantized Hamiltonian for the Wheeler-DeWitt equation in the minisuperspace consists of infinite number of intrinsic time-dependent, decoupled oscillators. The Hamiltonian has a pair of invariant operators for each universe with conserved momenta of the fields that play a role of the annihilation and the creation operators and that construct various quantum states for the universe. The closed universe exhibits an interesting feature of transitions from stable states to tachyonic states depending on the conserved momenta of the fields. In the classical forbidden unstable regime, the quantum states have googolplex growing position and conjugate momentum dispersions, which defy any measurements of the position of the universe

  17. Third Quantization and Quantum Universes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Sang Pyo, E-mail: sangkim@kunsan.ac.kr

    2014-01-15

    We study the third quantization of the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker cosmology with N-minimal massless fields. The third quantized Hamiltonian for the Wheeler-DeWitt equation in the minisuperspace consists of infinite number of intrinsic time-dependent, decoupled oscillators. The Hamiltonian has a pair of invariant operators for each universe with conserved momenta of the fields that play a role of the annihilation and the creation operators and that construct various quantum states for the universe. The closed universe exhibits an interesting feature of transitions from stable states to tachyonic states depending on the conserved momenta of the fields. In the classical forbidden unstable regime, the quantum states have googolplex growing position and conjugate momentum dispersions, which defy any measurements of the position of the universe.

  18. University upgrades SGI computing capacity

    OpenAIRE

    Trulove, Susan

    2005-01-01

    A new 64-processor SGI computer from Silicon Graphics Inc. will be delivered to Andrews Information Systems Building on April 22 and should be available to university researchers within 30 days, announced Terry Herdman, director of research computing.

  19. Beyond Divestment: The Moral University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pifer, Alan

    1986-01-01

    Issues in university divestment of stock in American corporations doing business in South Africa, in protest of apartheid, are discussed in light of the American experience with discrimination. Divestment options are examined. (MSE)

  20. University Physics Education using Facebook

    OpenAIRE

    Arribas Garde, Enrique; Nájera López, Alberto; Beléndez Vázquez, Augusto; Francés Monllor, Jorge; Mora Ley, César Eduardo; Franco, María Teresa

    2012-01-01

    The European Space for Higher Education, pushed by the Bologna process, demands a change in the way the courses in the University are taught. This has resulted in an increased importance being placed on individual work that the students do, but it should be always supervised and directed by the teacher. The supervision is generally carried out through three main ways: attended sessions, work in groups and that done at home. To cover all these new issues and needs many universities are applyin...