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Sample records for banach space

  1. Separably injective Banach spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Avilés, Antonio; Castillo, Jesús M F; González, Manuel; Moreno, Yolanda

    2016-01-01

    This monograph contains a detailed exposition of the up-to-date theory of separably injective spaces: new and old results are put into perspective with concrete examples (such as l∞/c0 and C(K) spaces, where K is a finite height compact space or an F-space, ultrapowers of L∞ spaces and spaces of universal disposition). It is no exaggeration to say that the theory of separably injective Banach spaces is strikingly different from that of injective spaces. For instance, separably injective Banach spaces are not necessarily isometric to, or complemented subspaces of, spaces of continuous functions on a compact space. Moreover, in contrast to the scarcity of examples and general results concerning injective spaces, we know of many different types of separably injective spaces and there is a rich theory around them. The monograph is completed with a preparatory chapter on injective spaces, a chapter on higher cardinal versions of separable injectivity and a lively discussion of open problems and further lines o...

  2. $\\alpha$-minimal Banach spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Rosendal, Christian

    2011-01-01

    A Banach space with a Schauder basis is said to be $\\alpha$-minimal for some countable ordinal $\\alpha$ if, for any two block subspaces, the Bourgain embeddability index of one into the other is at least $\\alpha$. We prove a dichotomy that characterises when a Banach space has an $\\alpha$-minimal subspace, which contributes to the ongoing project, initiated by W. T. Gowers, of classifying separable Banach spaces by identifying characteristic subspaces.

  3. Topics in Banach space theory

    CERN Document Server

    Albiac, Fernando

    2016-01-01

    This text provides the reader with the necessary technical tools and background to reach the frontiers of research without the introduction of too many extraneous concepts. Detailed and accessible proofs are included, as are a variety of exercises and problems. The two new chapters in this second edition are devoted to two topics of much current interest amongst functional analysts: Greedy approximation with respect to bases in Banach spaces and nonlinear geometry of Banach spaces. This new material is intended to present these two directions of research for their intrinsic importance within Banach space theory, and to motivate graduate students interested in learning more about them. This textbook assumes only a basic knowledge of functional analysis, giving the reader a self-contained overview of the ideas and techniques in the development of modern Banach space theory. Special emphasis is placed on the study of the classical Lebesgue spaces Lp (and their sequence space analogues) and spaces of continuous f...

  4. Banach spaces of universal disposition

    CERN Document Server

    Aviles, Antonio; Castillo, Jesus M F; Gonzalez, Manuel; Moreno, Yolanda

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we present a method to obtain Banach spaces of universal and almost-universal disposition with respect to a given class $\\mathfrak M$ of normed spaces. The method produces, among other, the Gurari\\u{\\i} space $\\mathcal G$ (the only separable Banach space of almost-universal disposition with respect to the class $\\mathfrak F$ of finite dimensional spaces), or the Kubis space $\\mathcal K$ (under {\\sf CH}, the only Banach space with the density character the continuum which is of universal disposition with respect to the class $\\mathfrak S$ of separable spaces). We moreover show that $\\mathcal K$ is not isomorphic to a subspace of any $C(K)$-space -- which provides a partial answer to the injective space problem-- and that --under {\\sf CH}-- it is isomorphic to an ultrapower of the Gurari\\u{\\i} space. We study further properties of spaces of universal disposition: separable injectivity, partially automorphic character and uniqueness properties.

  5. A pythagorean approach in Banach spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Gao Ji

    2006-01-01

    Let be a Banach space and let be the unit sphere of . Parameters , , , and , where and are introduced and studied. The values of these parameters in the spaces and function spaces are estimated. Among the other results, we proved that a Banach space with , or is uniform nonsquare; and a Banach space with , or has uniform normal structure.

  6. Fusion Frames and -Frames in Banach Spaces

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Amir Khosravi; Behrooz Khosravi

    2011-05-01

    Fusion frames and -frames in Hilbert spaces are generalizations of frames, and frames were extended to Banach spaces. In this article we introduce fusion frames, -frames, Banach -frames in Banach spaces and we show that they share many useful properties with their corresponding notions in Hilbert spaces. We also show that -frames, fusion frames and Banach -frames are stable under small perturbations and invertible operators.

  7. Smooth analysis in Banach spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Hájek, Petr

    2014-01-01

    This bookis aboutthe subject of higher smoothness in separable real Banach spaces.It brings together several angles of view on polynomials, both in finite and infinite setting.Also a rather thorough and systematic view of the more recent results, and the authors work is given. The book revolves around two main broad questions: What is the best smoothness of a given Banach space, and its structural consequences? How large is a supply of smooth functions in the sense of approximating continuous functions in the uniform topology, i.e. how does the Stone-Weierstrass theorem generalize into in

  8. On sub B-convex Banach spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Tokarev, Eugene

    2002-01-01

    In the article is introduced a new class of Banach spaces that are called sub B-convex. Namely, a Banach space X is said to be B -convex if it may be represented as a direct sum l_1+ W, where W is B-convex. It will be shown that any separable sub B-convex Banach space X may be almost isometrically embedded in a separable Banach space G(X) of the same cotype as X, which has a series of properties. Namely, G(X) is an approximate envelope, i.e. any separable Banach space which is finitely repres...

  9. Characterizing R-duality in Banach spaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Ole; Xiao, Xiang Chun; Zhu, Yu Can

    2013-01-01

    R-duals of certain sequences in Hilbert spaces were introduced by Casazza, Kutyniok and Lammers in 2004 and later generalized to Banach spaces by Xiao and Zhu. In this paper we provide some characterizations of R-dual sequences in Banach spaces.......R-duals of certain sequences in Hilbert spaces were introduced by Casazza, Kutyniok and Lammers in 2004 and later generalized to Banach spaces by Xiao and Zhu. In this paper we provide some characterizations of R-dual sequences in Banach spaces....

  10. Best Simultaneous Approximation to Totally Bounded Sequences in Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xian Fa LUO; Chong LI; Genaro LOPEZ

    2008-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the problem of best weighted simultaneous approximations to totally bounded sequences in Banach spaces. Characterization results from convex sets in Banach spaces are established under the assumption that the Banach space is uniformly smooth.

  11. Regularization methods in Banach spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Schuster, Thomas; Hofmann, Bernd; Kazimierski, Kamil S

    2012-01-01

    Regularization methods aimed at finding stable approximate solutions are a necessary tool to tackle inverse and ill-posed problems. Usually the mathematical model of an inverse problem consists of an operator equation of the first kind and often the associated forward operator acts between Hilbert spaces. However, for numerous problems the reasons for using a Hilbert space setting seem to be based rather on conventions than on an approprimate and realistic model choice, so often a Banach space setting would be closer to reality. Furthermore, sparsity constraints using general Lp-norms or the B

  12. Banach spaces of analytic functions

    CERN Document Server

    Hoffman, Kenneth

    2007-01-01

    A classic of pure mathematics, this advanced graduate-level text explores the intersection of functional analysis and analytic function theory. Close in spirit to abstract harmonic analysis, it is confined to Banach spaces of analytic functions in the unit disc.The author devotes the first four chapters to proofs of classical theorems on boundary values and boundary integral representations of analytic functions in the unit disc, including generalizations to Dirichlet algebras. The fifth chapter contains the factorization theory of Hp functions, a discussion of some partial extensions of the f

  13. Bloch spaces on bounded symmetric domains in complex Banach spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DENG; Fangwen

    2006-01-01

    We give a definition of Bloch space on bounded symmetric domains in arbitrary complex Banach space and prove such function space is a Banach space. The properties such as boundedness, compactness and closed range of composition operators on such Bloch space are studied.

  14. On Λ-Type Duality of Frames in Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renu Chugh

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Frames are redundant system which are useful in the reconstruction of certain classes of spaces. The dual of a frame (Hilbert always exists and can be obtained in a natural way. Due to the presence of three Banach spaces in the definition of retro Banach frames (or Banach frames duality of frames in Banach spaces is not similar to frames for Hilbert spaces. In this paper we introduce the notion of Λ-type duality of retro Banach frames. This can be generalized to Banach frames in Banach spaces. Necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of the dual of retro Banach frames are obtained. A special class of retro Banach frames which always admit a dual frame is discussed.

  15. The cofinal property of the Reflexive Indecomposable Banach spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Argyros, Spiros A.; Raikoftsalis, Theocharis

    2010-01-01

    It is shown that every separable reflexive Banach space is a quotient of a reflexive Hereditarily Indecomposable space, which yields that every separable reflexive Banach is isomorphic to a subspace of a reflexive Indecomposable space. Furthermore, every separable reflexive Banach space is a quotient of a reflexive complementably $\\ell_p$ saturated space with $1

  16. GENERALIZED ROSENTHAL'S INEQUALITY FOR BANACH-SPACE-VALUED MARTINGALES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu Lin

    2009-01-01

    A generalized Rosenthal's inequality for Banach-space-valued martingales is proved, which extends the corresponding results in the previous literatures and character-izes the p-uniform smoothness and q-uniform convexity of the underlying Banach space. As an application of this inequality, the strong law of large numbers for Banach-space-valued martingales is also given.

  17. Boundary Controllability of Integrodifferential Systems in Banach Spaces

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    K Balachandran; E R Anandhi

    2001-02-01

    Sufficient conditions for boundary controllability of integrodifferential systems in Banach spaces are established. The results are obtained by using the strongly continuous semigroup theory and the Banach contraction principle. Examples are provided to illustrate the theory.

  18. Invariant manifolds for flows in Banach Spaces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lu Kening.

    1989-01-01

    The author considers the existence, smoothness and exponential attractivity of global invariant manifolds for flow in Banach Spaces. He shows that every global invariant manifold can be expressed as a graph of a C{sup k} map, provided that the invariant manifolds are exponentially attractive. Applications go to the Reaction-Diffusion equation, the Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equation, and singular perturbed wave equation.

  19. The Topological Degree in Ordered Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Adrian DUMA; Ileana DUMA

    2008-01-01

    This paper is devoted to the applications of classical topological degrees to nonlinear problems involving various classes of operators acting between ordered Banach spaces. In this frame-work, the Leray-Schauder, Browder-Petryshyn, and Amann-Weiss degree theories are considered, and several existence results are obtained. The non-Archimedean case is also discussed.

  20. Reflexive Operator Algebras on Banach Spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Merlevède, Florence; Peligrad, Costel; Peligrad, Magda

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we study the reflexivity of a unital strongly closed algebra of operators with complemented invariant subspace lattice on a Banach space. We prove that if such an algebra contains a complete Boolean algebra of projections of finite uniform multiplicity and with the direct sum property, then it is reflexive, i.e. it contains every operator that leaves invariant every closed subspace in the invariant subspace lattice of the algebra. In particular, such algebras coincide with their...

  1. Malliavin calculus and decoupling inequalities in Banach spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Maas, Jan

    2008-01-01

    We develop a theory of Malliavin calculus for Banach space valued random variables. Using radonifying operators instead of symmetric tensor products we extend the Wiener-Ito isometry to Banach spaces. In the white noise case we obtain two sided L^p-estimates for multiple stochastic integrals in arbitrary Banach spaces. It is shown that the Malliavin derivative is bounded on vector-valued Wiener-Ito chaoses. Our main tools are decoupling inequalities for vector-valued random variables. In the ...

  2. Extremely strict ideals in Banach spaces

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    T S S R K RAO

    2016-08-01

    Motivated by the notion of an ideal introduced by Godefroy {\\it et al.} ({\\it Studia Math.} {\\bf 104} (1993) 13–59), in this article, we introduce and study the notion of an extremely strict ideal. For a Poulsen simplex $K$, we show that the space of affine continuous functions on $K$ is an extremely strict ideal in the space of continuous functions on $K$. For injective tensor product spaces, we prove a cancelation theorem for extremely strict ideals. We also exhibit non-reflexive Banach spaces which are not strict ideals in their fourth dual.

  3. On the weak uniform rotundity of Banach spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen D. Chang

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available We prove that if Xi,i=1,2,…, are Banach spaces that are weak* uniformly rotund, then their lp product space (p>1 is weak* uniformly rotund, and for any weak or weak* uniformly rotund Banach space, its quotient space is also weak or weak* uniformly rotund, respectively.

  4. Introduction to Banach spaces and algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Allan, Graham

    2010-01-01

    Banach spaces and algebras are a key topic of pure mathematics. Graham Allan's careful and detailed introductory account will prove essential reading for anyone wishing to specialise in functional analysis and is aimed at final year undergraduates or masters level students. Based on the author's lectures to fourth year students at Cambridge University, the book assumes knowledge typical of first degrees in mathematics, including metric spaces, analytic topology, and complexanalysis. However, readers are not expected to be familiar with the Lebesgue theory of measure and integration.The text be

  5. The heart of the Banach spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Wegner, Sven-Ake

    2016-01-01

    Let an exact category in the sense of Quillen be given. Assume that in this category every morphism has a kernel and that every kernel is an inflation. In their famous 1982 paper, Beilinson, Bernstein and Deligne consider in this situation a t-structure on the derived category and remark that its heart can be described as a category of formal quotients. They further point out, that the category of Banach spaces is an example, and that here a similar category of formal quotients was studied by...

  6. BANACH CONTRACTION PRINCIPLE ON CONE RECTANGULAR METRIC SPACES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismat Beg

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available We introduce the notion of cone rectangular metric space and prove {sc Banach} contraction mapping principle in cone rectangular metric space setting. Our result extends recent known results.

  7. Open problems in the geometry and analysis of Banach spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Guirao, Antonio J; Zizler, Václav

    2016-01-01

    This is a collection of some easily-formulated problems that remain open in the study of the geometry and analysis of Banach spaces. Assuming the reader has a working familiarity with the basic results of Banach space theory, the authors focus on concepts of basic linear geometry, convexity, approximation, optimization, differentiability, renormings, weak compact generating, Schauder bases and biorthogonal systems, fixed points, topology and nonlinear geometry. The main purpose of this work is to help convince young researchers in Functional Analysis that the theory of Banach spaces is a fertile field of research, full of interesting open problems. Inside the Banach space area, the text should help expose young researchers to the depth and breadth of the work that remains, and to provide the perspective necessary to choose a direction for further study. Some of the problems presented herein are longstanding open problems, some are recent, some are more important and some are only "local" problems. Some would ...

  8. An explicit construction of sunny nonexpansive retractions in Banach spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simeon Reich

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available An explicit algorithmic scheme for constructing the unique sunny nonexpansive retraction onto the common fixed point set of a nonlinear semigroup of nonexpansive mappings in a Banach space is analyzed and a proof of convergence is given.

  9. Quantitative Hahn-Banach Theorems and Isometric Extensions forWavelet and Other Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey Ajiev

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available We introduce and study Clarkson, Dol’nikov-Pichugov, Jacobi and mutual diameter constants reflecting the geometry of a Banach space and Clarkson, Jacobi and Pichugov classes of Banach spaces and their relations with James, self-Jung, Kottman and Schäffer constants in order to establish quantitative versions of Hahn-Banach separability theorem and to characterise the isometric extendability of Hölder-Lipschitz mappings. Abstract results are further applied to the spaces and pairs from the wide classes IG and IG+ and non-commutative Lp-spaces. The intimate relation between the subspaces and quotients of the IG-spaces on one side and various types of anisotropic Besov, Lizorkin-Triebel and Sobolev spaces of functions on open subsets of an Euclidean space defined in terms of differences, local polynomial approximations, wavelet decompositions and other means (as well as the duals and the lp-sums of all these spaces on the other side, allows us to present the algorithm of extending the main results of the article to the latter spaces and pairs. Special attention is paid to the matter of sharpness. Our approach is quasi-Euclidean in its nature because it relies on the extrapolation of properties of Hilbert spaces and the study of 1-complemented subspaces of the spaces under consideration.

  10. Banach frames for multivariate alpha-modulation spaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borup, Lasse; Nielsen, Morten

    2006-01-01

    The α-modulation spaces [$Mathematical Term$], form a family of spaces that include the Besov and modulation spaces as special cases. This paper is concerned with construction of Banach frames for α-modulation spaces in the multivariate setting. The frames constructed are unions of independent Ri...

  11. On the WAε Property and g-NUCε Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FANG Xi-nian; YANG Yi-min

    2001-01-01

    The WAε property and g-NUCε, g-NUC Banach spaces are introduced. We prove that the WAε property is equivalent to the WBS property and the g-NUCε (resp., g-NUC) spaces are equivalent to the NUCε (resp., NUC) spaces possessing the BS property. So we obtain a characterization of the NUCε (resp. , NUC) spaces possessing the BS property.

  12. Construction of generalized atomic decompositions in Banach spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raj Kumar

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available G-atomic decompositions for Banach spaces with respect to a model space of sequences have been introduced and studied as a generalization of atomic decompositions. Examples and counter example have been provided to show its existence. It has been proved that an associated Banach space for G-atomic decomposition always has a complemented subspace. The notion of a representation system is introduced and exhibits its relation with G-atomic decomposition. Also It has been observed that G-atomic decompositions are exactly compressions of Schauder decompositions for a larger Banach space. We give a characterization for finite G-atomic decomposition in terms of finite-dimensional expansion of identity. Keywords: complemented coefficient spaces, finite-dimensional expansion of identity, G-atomic decomposition, representation system.

  13. Every Weakly Compact Set Can Be Uniformly Embedded into a Reflexive Banach Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Xin CHENG; Qing Jin CHENG; Zheng Hua LUO; Wen ZHANG

    2009-01-01

    Based on an application of the Davis-Figiel-Johnson-Pelzy(s)ki procedure,this note shows that every weakly compact subset of a Banach space can be uniformly embedded into a reflexive Banach space.As its application,we present the recent renorming theorems for reflexive spaces of Odellan arbitrary Banach space.

  14. Atomic decompositions of Banach-space-valued martingales

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘培德; 侯友良

    1999-01-01

    Several theorems for atomic decompositions of Banach-space-valued martingales are proved. As their applications, the relationship among some martingale spaces such as H_α(X) and _ρ(?)_α in the case 0<α≤1 are studied. It is shown that there is a close connection between the results and the smoothness and convexity of the value spaces.

  15. (s, μ)-similar operators in the Banach spaces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The theory of the operator ideals formed by means of S function is developed. The problem of the construction of the operator acting from one Banach space to another whose S numbers are near to the given ones, is solved. Several conditions, sufficient for that any wholly continuous operator in the Gilbert space were transferred to the given pair of the Banach spaces without distorting too much the values of its S-numbers, are given. All the considered operators are assumed to be linear and continuous ones

  16. A Banach Space Regularization Approach for Multifrequency Microwave Imaging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Estatico

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A method for microwave imaging of dielectric targets is proposed. It is based on a tomographic approach in which the field scattered by an unknown target (and collected in a proper observation domain is inverted by using an inexact-Newton method developed in Lp Banach spaces. In particular, the extension of the approach to multifrequency data processing is reported. The mathematical formulation of the new method is described and the results of numerical simulations are reported and discussed, analyzing the behavior of the multifrequency processing technique combined with the Banach spaces reconstruction method.

  17. Strict Feasibility of Variational Inequalities in Reflexive Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yi Ran HE; Xiu Zhen MAO; Mi ZHOU

    2007-01-01

    Strict feasibility is proved to be an equivalent characterization of (dual) variational in-equalities having a nonempty bounded solution set, provided the mappings involved are stably properly quasimonotone. This generalizes an earlier result from finite-dimensional Euclidean spaces to infinite-dimensional reflexive Banach spaces. Moreover, the monotonicity-type assumptions are also mildly relaxed.

  18. Riesz Isomorphisms of Tensor Products of Order Unit Banach Spaces

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    T S S R K Rao

    2009-06-01

    In this paper we formulate and prove an order unit Banach space version of a Banach–Stone theorem type theorem for Riesz isomorphisms of the space of vector-valued continuous functions. Similar results were obtained recently for the case of lattice-valued continuous functions in [5] and [6].

  19. Banach spaces and descriptive set theory selected topics

    CERN Document Server

    Dodos, Pandelis

    2010-01-01

    This volume deals with problems in the structure theory of separable infinite-dimensional Banach spaces, with a central focus on universality problems. This topic goes back to the beginnings of the field and appears in Banach's classical monograph. The novelty of the approach lies in the fact that the answers to a number of basic questions are based on techniques from Descriptive Set Theory. Although the book is oriented on proofs of several structural theorems, in the main text readers will also find a detailed exposition of numerous “intermediate” results which are interesting in their own right and have proven to be useful in other areas of Functional Analysis. Moreover, several well-known results in the geometry of Banach spaces are presented from a modern perspective.

  20. THE MINIMAL PROPERTY OF THE CONDITION NUMBER OF INVERTIBLE LINEAR BOUNDED OPERATORS IN BANACH SPACES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈果良; 魏木生

    2002-01-01

    In this paper we show that in error estimates, the condition number κ(T) of any invertible linear bounded operator T in Banach spaces is minimal. We also extend the Hahn-Banach theorem and other related results.

  1. Stochastic Integration in Banach Spaces using a product structure with partial order

    CERN Document Server

    Bierkens, Joris

    2009-01-01

    Using a multiplicative structure (for example that of a Banach algebra) and a partial order we construct a weak version of a Banach space valued stochastic integral with respect to square integrable martingales.

  2. Multipliers of pg-Bessel sequences in Banach spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Abdollahpour, M. R.; Najati, A.; Gavruta, P.

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we introduce (p,q)g-Bessel multipliers in Banach spaces and we show that under some conditions a (p,q)g-Bessel multiplier is invertible. Also, we show the continuous dependency of (p,q)g-Bessel multipliers on their parameters.

  3. Mann Iteration of Weak Convergence Theorems in Banach Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liang-gen Hu; Jin-ping Wang

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, by using Mann's iteration process we will establish several weak convergence theorems for approximating a fixed point of κ-strictly pseudocontractive mappings with respect to p in p-uniformly convex Banach spaces. Our results answer partially the open question proposed by Marino and Xu, and extend Reich's theorem from nonexpausive mappings to κ-strict pseudocontractive mappings.

  4. MULTI-VALUED QUASI VARLATIONAL INCLUSIONS IN BANACH SPACES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张石生

    2004-01-01

    The purpose is to introduce and study a class of more general multivalued quasi variational inclusions in Banach spaces.By using the resolvent operator technique some existence theorem of solutions and iterative approximation for solving this kind of multivalued quasi variational inclusions are established.The results generalize,improve and unify a number of Noor's and others' recent results.

  5. A NOTE ON REARRANGEMENTS OF SERIES IN BANACH SPACES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZhongHuaijie

    1994-01-01

    We generalize Kadec's and Yan Zikun's resuhs in [1],[2] to prove; in every infinite dimensional real Banach space Y there exist an infinite dimensional subspace X and a series ∑xn such that ∑xn has property(N) in X. but(the domain of sums of this series) S(∑xn) is not a convex set.

  6. Hierarchical Fixed Point Problems in Uniformly Smooth Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lu-Chuan Ceng

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We propose some relaxed implicit and explicit viscosity approximation methods for hierarchical fixed point problems for a countable family of nonexpansive mappings in uniformly smooth Banach spaces. These relaxed viscosity approximation methods are based on the well-known viscosity approximation method and hybrid steepest-descent method. We obtain some strong convergence theorems under mild conditions.

  7. Improved bounds in the metric cotype inequality for Banach spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Giladi, Ohad; Naor, Assaf

    2010-01-01

    It is shown that if (X, ||.||_X) is a Banach space with Rademacher cotype q then for every integer n there exists an even integer m X we have \\sum_{j=1}^n \\Avg_x [ ||f(x+ (m/2) e_j)-f(x) ||_X^q ] n^{(1/2)+(1/q)}.

  8. Quantitative coarse embeddings of quasi-Banach spaces into a Hilbert space

    OpenAIRE

    Kraus, Michal

    2015-01-01

    We study how well a quasi-Banach space can be coarsely embedded into a Hilbert space. Given any quasi-Banach space X which coarsely embeds into a Hilbert space, we compute its Hilbert space compression exponent. We also show that the Hilbert space compression exponent of X is equal to the supremum of the amounts of snowflakings of X which admit a bi-Lipschitz embedding into a Hilbert space.

  9. Factorization of weakly compact operators between Banach spaces and Fréchet or (LB)-spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Bonet Solves, José Antonio; Wright, J. D. Maitland

    2012-01-01

    In this note we show that weakly compact operators from a Banach space X into a complete (LB)-space E need not factorize through a reflexive Banach space. If E is a Fréchet space, then weakly compact operators from a Banach space X into E factorize through a reflexive Banach space. The factorization of operators from a Fréchet or a complete (LB)-space into a Banach space mapping bounded sets into relatively weakly compact sets is also investigated.

  10. Nonlinear functional analysis in Banach spaces and Banach algebras fixed point theory under weak topology for nonlinear operators and block operator matrices with applications

    CERN Document Server

    Jeribi, Aref

    2015-01-01

    Uncover the Useful Interactions of Fixed Point Theory with Topological StructuresNonlinear Functional Analysis in Banach Spaces and Banach Algebras: Fixed Point Theory under Weak Topology for Nonlinear Operators and Block Operator Matrices with Applications is the first book to tackle the topological fixed point theory for block operator matrices with nonlinear entries in Banach spaces and Banach algebras. The book provides researchers and graduate students with a unified survey of the fundamental principles of fixed point theory in Banach spaces and algebras. The authors present several exten

  11. Integrals and Banach spaces for finite order distributions

    CERN Document Server

    Talvila, Erik

    2011-01-01

    Let $\\Bc$ denote the real-valued functions continuous on the extended real line and vanishing at $-\\infty$. Let $\\Br$ denote the functions that are left continuous, have a right limit at each point and vanish at $-\\infty$. Define $\\acn$ to be the space of tempered distributions that are the $n$th distributional derivative of a unique function in $\\Bc$. Similarly with $\\arn$ from $\\Br$. A type of integral is defined on distributions in $\\acn$ and $\\arn$. The multipliers are iterated integrals of functions of bounded variation. For each $n\\in\\N$, the spaces $\\acn$ and $\\arn$ are Banach spaces, Banach lattices and Banach algebras isometrically isomorphic to $\\Bc$ and $\\Br$, respectively. Under the ordering in this lattice, if a distribution is integrable then its absolute value is integrable. The dual space is isometrically isomorphic to the functions of bounded variation. The space $\\ac^1$ is the completion of the $L^1$ functions in the Alexiewicz norm. The space $\\ar^1$ contains all finite signed Borel measure...

  12. Geometric properties of Banach spaces and nonlinear iterations

    CERN Document Server

    Chidume, Charles

    2009-01-01

    Nonlinear functional analysis and applications is an area of study that has provided fascination for many mathematicians across the world. This monograph delves specifically into the topic of the geometric properties of Banach spaces and nonlinear iterations, a subject of extensive research over the past thirty years. Chapters 1 to 5 develop materials on convexity and smoothness of Banach spaces, associated moduli and connections with duality maps. Key results obtained are summarized at the end of each chapter for easy reference. Chapters 6 to 23 deal with an in-depth, comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of the main ideas, concepts and results on iterative algorithms for the approximation of fixed points of nonlinear nonexpansive and pseudo-contractive-type mappings. This includes detailed workings on solutions of variational inequality problems, solutions of Hammerstein integral equations, and common fixed points (and common zeros) of families of nonlinear mappings. Carefully referenced and full of recent,...

  13. Some Properties of the Injective Tensor Product of Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao Ping XUE; Yong Jin LI; Qing Ying BU

    2007-01-01

    Let X and Y be Banach spaces such that X has an unconditional basis. Then X?Y, the injective tensor product of X and Y, has the Radon-Nikodym property (respectively, the analytic Radon-Nikodym property, the near Radon-Nikodym property, non-containment of a copy of co, weakly sequential completeness) if and only if both X and Y have the same property and each continuous linear operator from the predual of X to Y is compact.

  14. Greedy Algorithms for Reduced Bases in Banach Spaces

    OpenAIRE

    DeVore, Ronald; Petrova, Guergana; Wojtaszczyk, Przemyslaw

    2012-01-01

    Given a Banach space X and one of its compact sets F, we consider the problem of finding a good n dimensional space X_n \\subset X which can be used to approximate the elements of F. The best possible error we can achieve for such an approximation is given by the Kolmogorov width d_n(F)_X. However, finding the space which gives this performance is typically numerically intractable. Recently, a new greedy strategy for obtaining good spaces was given in the context of the reduced basis method fo...

  15. The Hilbert Inequality in Banach Spaces%Banach空间上的Hilbert不等式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    华柳斌; 黎永锦

    2011-01-01

    Some Hilbert's inequalities in Hilbert spaces and Banach spaces were discussed by inner and functional. The Hilbert spaces and Banach space version of Hilbert's inequalities were established.%利用内积和泛函,在Hilbert空间和Banach空间中讨论Hilbert不等式,建立了抽象空间的Hilbert不等式.

  16. Greedy Algorithms for Reduced Bases in Banach Spaces

    KAUST Repository

    DeVore, Ronald

    2013-02-26

    Given a Banach space X and one of its compact sets F, we consider the problem of finding a good n-dimensional space X n⊂X which can be used to approximate the elements of F. The best possible error we can achieve for such an approximation is given by the Kolmogorov width dn(F)X. However, finding the space which gives this performance is typically numerically intractable. Recently, a new greedy strategy for obtaining good spaces was given in the context of the reduced basis method for solving a parametric family of PDEs. The performance of this greedy algorithm was initially analyzed in Buffa et al. (Modél. Math. Anal. Numér. 46:595-603, 2012) in the case X=H is a Hilbert space. The results of Buffa et al. (Modél. Math. Anal. Numér. 46:595-603, 2012) were significantly improved upon in Binev et al. (SIAM J. Math. Anal. 43:1457-1472, 2011). The purpose of the present paper is to give a new analysis of the performance of such greedy algorithms. Our analysis not only gives improved results for the Hilbert space case but can also be applied to the same greedy procedure in general Banach spaces. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

  17. Some Banach spaces of Dirichlet series

    OpenAIRE

    Bailleul, Maxime; Lefèvre, Pascal

    2013-01-01

    The Hardy spaces of Dirichlet series denoted by ${\\cal H}^p$ ($p\\ge1$) have been studied in [12] when p = 2 and in [3] for the general case. In this paper we study some Lp-generalizations of spaces of Dirichlet series, particularly two families of Bergman spaces denoted ${\\cal A}^p$ and ${\\cal B}^p$. We recover classical properties of spaces of analytic functions: boundedness of point evaluation, embeddings between these spaces and "Littlewood-Paley" formulas when p = 2. We also show that the...

  18. On moduli of convexity in Banach spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Reif Jiří

    2005-01-01

    Let be a normed linear space, an element of norm one, and and the local modulus of convexity of . We denote by the greatest such that for each closed linear subspace of the quotient mapping maps the open -neighbourhood of in onto a set containing the open -neighbourhood of in . It is known that . We prove that there is no universal constant such that , however, such a constant exists within the class of Hilbert spaces . If is a Hilbert space with , then .

  19. First and Second Order Convex Sweeping Processes in Reflexive Smooth Banach Spaces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper we establish new characterizations of the normal cone of closed convex sets in reflexive smooth Banach spaces and then we use those results to prove the existence of solutions for first order convex sweeping processes and their variants in reflexive smooth Banach spaces. The case of second order convex sweeping processes is also studied. (author)

  20. An approximation problem of the finite rank operator in Banach spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉文; 潘少荣

    2003-01-01

    By the method of geometry of Banach spaces, we have proven that a bounded linear operatorin Banach space is a compact linear one iff it can be uniformly approximated by a sequence of the finite rankbounded homogeneous operators, which reveals the essence of the counter example given by Enflo.

  1. Viscosity Approximations by Generalized Contractions for Resolvents of Accretive Operators in Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Adrian PETRU(S)EL; Jen-Chih YAO

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we prove a strong convergence theorem for resolvents of accretive operators in a Banach space by the viscosity approximation method with a generalized contraction mapping. The proximal point algorithm in a Banach space is also considered. The results extend some very recent theorems of W. Takahashi.

  2. Ito's formula in UMD Banach spaces and regularity of solution of the Zakai equation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brzezniak, Z.; Van Neerven, J.M.A.M.; Veraar, M.C.; Weis, L.

    2008-01-01

    Using the theory of stochastic integration for processes with values in a UMD Banach space developed recently by the authors, an Itô formula is proved which is applied to prove the existence of strong solutions for a class of stochastic evolution equations in UMD Banach spaces. The abstract results

  3. On sets minimizing their weighted length in uniformly convex separable Banach spaces

    OpenAIRE

    De Pauw, Thierry; Lemenant, Antoine; Millot, Vincent

    2013-01-01

    We study existence and partial regularity relative to the weighted Steiner problem in Banach spaces. We show $C^1$ regularity almost everywhere for almost minimizing sets in uniformly rotund Banach spaces whose modulus of uniform convexity verifies a Dini growth condition.

  4. Near Convexity, Near Smoothness and Approximative Compactness of Half Spaces in Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zi Hou ZHANG; Yu ZHOU; Chun Yan LIU

    2016-01-01

    The authors discuss the dual relation of nearly very convexity and property WS.By two kinds of near convexities and two kinds of near smoothness,the authors prove a series of characterizations such that every half-space in Banach space X and every weak* half-space in the dual space X* are approximatively weakly compact and approximatively compact.They show a sufficient condition such that a Banach space X is a Asplund space.Using upper semi-continuity of duality mapping,the authors also give two characterizations of property WS and property S.

  5. Maximal regularity of second order delay equations in Banach spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    We give necessary and sufficient conditions of Lp-maximal regularity(resp.B sp ,q-maximal regularity or F sp ,q-maximal regularity) for the second order delay equations:u″(t)=Au(t) + Gu’t + F u t + f(t), t ∈ [0, 2π] with periodic boundary conditions u(0)=u(2π), u′(0)=u′(2π), where A is a closed operator in a Banach space X,F and G are delay operators on Lp([-2π, 0];X)(resp.Bsp ,q([2π, 0];X) or Fsp,q([-2π, 0;X])).

  6. Linearization of class C1 for contractions on Banach spaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigues, Hildebrando M.; Solà-Morales, J.

    In this work we prove a C1-linearization result for contraction diffeomorphisms, near a fixed point, valid in infinite-dimensional Banach spaces. As an intermediate step, we prove a specific result of existence of invariant manifolds, which can be interesting by itself and that was needed on the proof of our main theorem. Our results essentially generalize some classical results by P. Hartman in finite dimensions, and a result of Mora-Sola-Morales in the infinite-dimensional case. It is shown that the result can be applied to some abstract systems of semilinear damped wave equations.

  7. Iterative solutions of nonlinear equations in smooth Banach spaces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Let E be a smooth Banach space over the real field, φ not= K is contained in E closed convex and bounded, T:K → K uniformly continuous and strongly pseudo-contractive. It is proved that the Ishikawa iteration process converges strongly to the unique fixed point of T. Applications of this result to the operator equations Au=f or u+Au=f where A is a strongly accretive mapping of E into itself and under various continuity assumptions on A are also given. (author). 41 refs

  8. FRAME MULTIRESOLUTION ANALYSIS AND INFINITE TREES IN BANACH SPACES ON LOCALLY COMPACT ABELIAN GROUPS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    S. S. Panday

    2004-01-01

    We extend the concept of frame multiresolution analysis to a locally compact abelian group and use it to define certain weighted Banach spaces and the spaces of their antifunctionals. We define analysis and synthesis operators on these spaces and establish the continuity of their composition. Also, we prove a general result to characterize infinite trees in the above Banach spaces of antifunctionals. This paper paves the way for the study of corresponding problems associated with some other types of Banach spaces on locally compact abelian groups including modulation spaces.

  9. QUASI-LOCAL CONJUGACY THEOREMS IN BANACH SPACES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG WEIRONG; MA JIPU

    2005-01-01

    Let f: U(xo)() E → F be a C1 map and f'(x0) be the Frechet derivative of f at x0. In local analysis of nonlinear functional analysis, implicit function theorem, inverse function theorem, local surjectivity theorem, local injectivity theorem, and the local conjugacy theorem are well known. Those theorems are established by using the properties: f'(x0) is double splitting and R(f'(x)) ∩ N(T0+) = {0} near x0. However,in infinite dimensional Banach spaces, f'(x0) is not always double splitting (i.e., the generalized inverse of f'(x0) does not always exist), but its bounded outer inverse of f'(x0) always exists.Only using the C1 map f and the outer inverse T0# of f'(x0), the authors obtain two quasi-local conjugacy theorems, which imply the local conjugacy theorem if x0 is a locally fine point of f. Hence the quasi-local conjugacy theorems generalize the local conjugacy theorem in Banach spaces.

  10. Homomorphisms and functional calculus on algebras on entire functions on Banach spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. M. Pryimak

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper is devoted to study homomorphisms of algebras of entire functionson Banach spaces to a commutative Banach algebra. In particular, it is proposed amethod to construct homomorphisms vanishing on homogeneouspolynomials of degree less or equal that a fixed number $n.$

  11. Existence of zeros for operators taking their values in the dual of a Banach space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricceri Biagio

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Using continuous selections, we establish some existence results about the zeros of weakly continuous operators from a paracompact topological space into the dual of a reflexive real Banach space.

  12. Stochastic integration in Banach spaces theory and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Mandrekar, Vidyadhar

    2015-01-01

    Considering Poisson random measures as the driving sources for stochastic (partial) differential equations allows us to incorporate jumps and to model sudden, unexpected phenomena. By using such equations the present book introduces a new method for modeling the states of complex systems perturbed by random sources over time, such as interest rates in financial markets or temperature distributions in a specific region. It studies properties of the solutions of the stochastic equations, observing the long-term behavior and the sensitivity of the solutions to changes in the initial data. The authors consider an integration theory of measurable and adapted processes in appropriate Banach spaces as well as the non-Gaussian case, whereas most of the literature only focuses on predictable settings in Hilbert spaces. The book is intended for graduate students and researchers in stochastic (partial) differential equations, mathematical finance and non-linear filtering and assumes a knowledge of the required integrati...

  13. A SUPER-HALLEY TYPE APPROXIMATION IN BANACH SPACES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    J.A. Ezquerro; M.A. Hernández

    2001-01-01

    The Super-Halley method is one of the best known third-orderiteration for solving nonlinear equations. A Newton-like method which is an approximation of this method is studied. Our approach yields a fourth R-order iterative process which is more efficient than its classical predecessor. We establish a Newton-Kantorovich-type convergence theorem using a new system of recurrence relations, and give an explicit expression for the a priori error bounds of the iteration.CLC Number:O17 Document ID:AAuthor Resume:J.A. Ezquerro,e-mail : jezquer@siur. unirioja. es mahernan@siur. unirioja. es References:[1]Argyros,I.K. ,Chen,D. andQian,Q. ,An Inverse-Free Jarratt Type Approximation in a Banach Space,J. Appr. Th. Appl.,12(1996),No. 1,19-30.[2]Argyros,I. K. ,Chen,D. And Qian,Q. ,The Jarratt Method in Banach Space Setting,J.Comput. Appl. Math.,51(1994),103-106.[3]Candela,V. And Marquina,A. ,Recurrence Relations for Rational Cubic Methods I: The Halley Method,Computing,44(1990),169- 184.[4]Candela,V. And Marquina,A. ,Recurrence Relations for Rational Cubic Method I : TheChebyshev Method,Computing,45(1990),355-[3]67.[5]Chen,D.,Argyros,I.K.andQian,Q.,ALocalConvergenceTheoremfortheSuper-HalleyMethodinaBanachSpace,Appl.Math.Lett.,7(1994),No.5,49-52.[6]Hernández,M.A.,Newton-Raphson'sMethodandConvexity,Zb.Rad.Prirod.Mat.Fak.Ser.Mat.,22(1992),No.1,1591-66.[7]Kantorovich,L.V.,TheMajorantPrincipleforNewton'sMethod,Dokl.Akad.Nauk,SSSR,76(1951),17-20.[8]Potra,F.A.adnPták,V.,NondiscreteInductionandIterativeProcesses,Pitman,NewYork,1984.[9]Rall,L.B.,ComputationalSolutionofNonlinearOperatorEquations,JohnWiley&-Sons,NewYork,1979.[10]Safiev,R.A.,OnSomeIterativeProcesses,Z,Vyccisl.Mat.Fiz.,4,193-143(TranslatedintoEnglishbyL.B.RallasMRCTechnicalSummaryReport,No.649,Univ.Wisconsin-Madison,1966).Manuscript Received:1998年10月20日Published:2001年9月1日

  14. Lifting bounded approximation properties from Banach spaces to their dual spaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oja, Eve

    2006-11-01

    Based on a new reformulation of the bounded approximation property, we develop a unified approach to the lifting of bounded approximation properties from a Banach space X to its dual X*. This encompasses cases when X has the unique extension property or X is extendably locally reflexive. In particular, it is shown that the unique extension property of X permits to lift the metric -approximation property from X to X*, for any operator ideal , and that there exists a Banach space X such that X,X**,... are extendably locally reflexive, but X*,X***,... are not.

  15. A New Class of Banach Spaces with Uniform Normal Structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GAO Ji

    2001-01-01

    Let X be a Banach space, S (X) be the unit sphere of X, ψ be a function: S ( X)→ S ( X * )such that ψ(x)∈ x, and vψ(ε)=inf ,0 ≤ ε ≤ 2, where x is the set of norm 1 supporting functionals of S (X) at x. A geometric concept,modulus of V-convexity V(ε) = sup{ Vψ(ε), for all ψ: S(X)→ S(X* )}, is introduced; the properties of V( ε ) and the relationship between V(ε ) and other geometric concepts are discussed. The main result is that V(1/2)>0 implies normal structure.

  16. The Connection Between the Metric and Generalized Projection Operators in Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yakov ALBER; Jin Lu LI

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we study the connection between the metric projection operator PK:B→K,where B is a reflexive Banach space with dual space B* and K is a non-empty closed convex subset of B, and the generalized projection oprators Πk:B→k and πk:B*→k.We also present some results in non-reflexive Banach spaces.

  17. Approximative compactness and continuity of metric projector in Banach spaces and applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUDZIK; Henryk; KOWALEWSKI; Wojciech; WISLA; Marek

    2008-01-01

    First we prove that the approximative compactness of a nonempty set C in a normed linear space can be reformulated equivalently in another way.It is known that if C is a semi-Chebyshev closed and approximately compact set in a Banach space X,then the metric projectorπC from X onto C is continuous.Under the assumption that X is midpoint locally uniformly rotund,we prove that the approximative compactness of C is also necessary for the continuity of the projectorπC by the method of geometry of Banach spaces.Using this general result we find some necessary and sufficient conditions for T to have a continuous Moore-Penrose metric generalized inverse T~+,where T is a bounded linear operator from an approximative compact and a rotund Banach space X into a midpoint locally uniformly rotund Banach space Y.

  18. Exponential dichotomies for linear discrete-time systems in Banach spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioan-Lucian Popa

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we investigate some dichotomy concepts for linear difference equations in Banach spaces. Characterizations of these concepts are given. Some illustrating examples clarify the relations between these concepts.

  19. On Property () in Banach Lattices, Calderón–Lozanowskiĭ and Orlicz–Lorentz Spaces

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Paweł Kolwicz

    2001-08-01

    The geometry of Calderón–Lozanowskiĭ spaces, which are strongly connected with the interpolation theory, was essentially developing during the last few years (see [4, 9, 10, 12, 13, 17]). On the other hand many authors investigated property () in Banach spaces (see [7, 19, 20, 21, 25, 26]). The first aim of this paper is to study property () in Banach function lattices. Namely a criterion for property () in Banach function lattice is presented. In particular we get that in Banach function lattice property () implies uniform monotonicity. Moreover, property () in generalized Calderón–Lozanowskiĭ function spaces is studied. Finally, it is shown that in Orlicz–Lorentz function spaces property () and uniform convexity coincide.

  20. EXISTENCE AND APPROXIMATION OF SOLUTIONS TO VARIATIONAL INCLUSIONS WITH ACCRETIVE MAPPINGS IN BANACH SPACES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张石生

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to study the existence and approximation problem of solutions for a class of variational inclusions with accretive mappings in Banach spaces. The results extend and improve some recent results.

  1. Restrictive metric regularity and generalized differential calculus in Banach spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bingwu Wang

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available We consider nonlinear mappings f:X→Y between Banach spaces and study the notion of restrictive metric regularity of f around some point x¯, that is, metric regularity of f from X into the metric space E=f(X. Some sufficient as well as necessary and sufficient conditions for restrictive metric regularity are obtained, which particularly include an extension of the classical Lyusternik-Graves theorem in the case when f is strictly differentiable at x¯ but its strict derivative ∇f(x¯ is not surjective. We develop applications of the results obtained and some other techniques in variational analysis to generalized differential calculus involving normal cones to nonsmooth and nonconvex sets, coderivatives of set-valued mappings, as well as first-order and second-order subdifferentials of extended real-valued functions.

  2. On quasi-convex mappings of order α in the unit ball of a complex Banach space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Taishun; XU Qinghua

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, a class of biholomorphic mappings named quasi-convex mapping of order α in the unit ball of a complex Banach space is introduced. When the Banach space is confined to Cn, we obtain the relation between this class of mappings and the convex mappings.Furthermore, the growth and covering theorems of this class of mappings are given on the unit ball of a complex Banach space Ⅹ. Finally, we get the second order terms coefficient estimations of the homogeneous expansion of quasi-convex mapping of order α defined on the polydisc in Cn and on the unit ball in a complex Banach space, respectively.

  3. Weighted Composition Operators from the Bloch Space to Weighted Banach Spaces on Bounded Homogeneous Domains

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Robert F.Allen

    2014-01-01

    We study the bounded and the compact weighted composition operators from the Bloch space into the weighted Banach spaces of holomorphic functions on bounded homogeneous domains, with particular attention to the unit polydisk. For bounded homogeneous domains, we characterize the bounded weighted composition operators and determine the operator norm. In addition, we provide sufficient condi-tions for compactness. For the unit polydisk, we completely characterize the compact weighted composition operators, as well as provide ”computable” estimates on the operator norm.

  4. Spatiality of Derivations of Operator Algebras in Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Quanyuan Chen

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Suppose that A is a transitive subalgebra of B(X and its norm closure A¯ contains a nonzero minimal left ideal I. It is shown that if δ is a bounded reflexive transitive derivation from A into B(X, then δ is spatial and implemented uniquely; that is, there exists T∈B(X such that δ(A=TA−AT for each A∈A, and the implementation T of δ is unique only up to an additive constant. This extends a result of E. Kissin that “if A¯ contains the ideal C(H of all compact operators in B(H, then a bounded reflexive transitive derivation from A into B(H is spatial and implemented uniquely.” in an algebraic direction and provides an alternative proof of it. It is also shown that a bounded reflexive transitive derivation from A into B(X is spatial and implemented uniquely, if X is a reflexive Banach space and A¯ contains a nonzero minimal right ideal I.

  5. The existence results and Tikhonov regularization method for generalized mixed variational inequalities in Banach spaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Min

    2016-04-01

    This paper aims to establish the Tikhonov regularization method for generalized mixed variational inequalities in Banach spaces. For this purpose, we firstly prove a very general existence result for generalized mixed variational inequalities, provided that the mapping involved has the so-called mixed variational inequality property and satisfies a rather weak coercivity condition. Finally, we establish the Tikhonov regularization method for generalized mixed variational inequalities. Our findings extended the results for the generalized variational inequality problem (for short, GVIP(F, K)) in R^n spaces (He in Abstr Appl Anal, 2012) to the generalized mixed variational inequality problem (for short, GMVIP(F,φ , K) ) in reflexive Banach spaces. On the other hand, we generalized the corresponding results for the generalized mixed variational inequality problem (for short, GMVIP(F,φ ,K) ) in R^n spaces (Fu and He in J Sichuan Norm Univ (Nat Sci) 37:12-17, 2014) to reflexive Banach spaces.

  6. On well posedness of best simultaneous approximation problems in Banach spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The well posedness of best simultaneous approximation problems is considered. We establish the generic results on the well posedness of the best simultaneous approximation problems for any closed weakly compact nonempty subset in a strictly convex Kadec Banach space. Further, we prove that the set of all points in E(G) such that the best simultaneous approximation problems are not well posed is a σ-porous set in E(G) when X is a uniformly convex Banach space. In addition, we also investigate the generic property of the ambiguous loci of the best simultaneous approximation.

  7. On Best Approximations from RS-sets in Complex Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chong LI

    2005-01-01

    The concept of an RS-set in a complex Banach Space is introduced and the problem of best approximation from an RS-set in a complex space is investigated. Results consisting of characterizations, uniqueness and strong uniqueness are established.

  8. Hybrid Iteration Method for Fixed Points of Nonexpansive Mappings in Arbitrary Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. U. Nwokoro

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available We prove that recent results of Wang (2007 concerning the iterative approximation of fixed points of nonexpansive mappings using a hybrid iteration method in Hilbert spaces can be extended to arbitrary Banach spaces without the strong monotonicity assumption imposed on the hybrid operator.

  9. Integrals with values in Banach spaces and locally convex spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Mikusinski, Piotr

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to present the construction and basic properties of the general Bochner integral. The approach presented here is based on the ideas from the book The Bochner Integral by J. Mikusinski where the integral is presented for functions defined on $\\mathbb{R}^N$. In this article we present a more general and simplified construction of the Bochner integral on abstract measure spaces. An extension of the construction to functions with values in a locally convex space is ...

  10. FOREWORD: Tackling inverse problems in a Banach space environment: from theory to applications Tackling inverse problems in a Banach space environment: from theory to applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuster, Thomas; Hofmann, Bernd; Kaltenbacher, Barbara

    2012-10-01

    Inverse problems can usually be modelled as operator equations in infinite-dimensional spaces with a forward operator acting between Hilbert or Banach spaces—a formulation which quite often also serves as the basis for defining and analyzing solution methods. The additional amount of structure and geometric interpretability provided by the concept of an inner product has rendered these methods amenable to a convergence analysis, a fact which has led to a rigorous and comprehensive study of regularization methods in Hilbert spaces over the last three decades. However, for numerous problems such as x-ray diffractometry, certain inverse scattering problems and a number of parameter identification problems in PDEs, the reasons for using a Hilbert space setting seem to be based on conventions rather than an appropriate and realistic model choice, so often a Banach space setting would be closer to reality. Furthermore, non-Hilbertian regularization and data fidelity terms incorporating a priori information on solution and noise, such as general Lp-norms, TV-type norms, or the Kullback-Leibler divergence, have recently become very popular. These facts have motivated intensive investigations on regularization methods in Banach spaces, a topic which has emerged as a highly active research field within the area of inverse problems. Meanwhile some of the most well-known regularization approaches, such as Tikhonov-type methods requiring the solution of extremal problems, and iterative ones like the Landweber method, the Gauss-Newton method, as well as the approximate inverse method, have been investigated for linear and nonlinear operator equations in Banach spaces. Convergence with rates has been proven and conditions on the solution smoothness and on the structure of nonlinearity have been formulated. Still, beyond the existing results a large number of challenging open questions have arisen, due to the more involved handling of general Banach spaces and the larger variety

  11. Convergence to Compact Sets of Inexact Orbits of Nonexpansive Mappings in Banach and Metric Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available We study the influence of computational errors on the convergence to compact sets of orbits of nonexpansive mappings in Banach and metric spaces. We first establish a convergence theorem assuming that the computational errors are summable and then provide examples which show that the summability of errors is necessary for convergence.

  12. On extension results for n-cyclically monotone operators in reflexive Banach spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Bot, Radu Ioan

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we provide some extension results for n-cyclically monotone operators in reflexive Banach spaces by making use of the Fenchel duality. In this way we give a positive answer to a question posed by Bauschke and Wang in [4].

  13. The generalized hardy operator with kernel and variable integral limits in banach function spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Lang J; Gogatishvill A

    1999-01-01

    Let we have an integral operator where and are nondecreasing functions, and are non-negative and finite functions, and is nondecreasing in , nonincreasing in and for and . We show that the integral operator where and are Banach functions spaces with -condition is bounded if and only if . Where and

  14. Contractivity and Exponential Stability of Solutions to Nonlinear Neutral Functional Differential Equations in Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wan-sheng WANG; Shou-fu LI; Run-sheng YANG

    2012-01-01

    A series of contractivity and exponential stability results for the solutions to nonlinear neutral functional differential equations (NFDEs) in Banach spaces are obtained,which provide unified theoretical foundation for the contractivity analysis of solutions to nonlinear problems in functional differential equations (FDEs),neutral delay differential equations (NDDEs) and NFDEs of other types which appear in practice.

  15. Psi-exponential dichotomy for linear differential equations in a Banach space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atanaska Georgieva

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In this article we extend the concept psi-exponential and psi-ordinary dichotomies for homogeneous linear differential equations in a Banach space. With these two concepts we prove the existence of psi-bounded solutions of the appropriate inhomogeneous equation. A roughness of the psi-dichotomy is also considered.

  16. POSITIVE SOLUTIONS TO SEMI-LINEAR SECOND-ORDER ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS IN BANACH SPACE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    In this paper,we study the existence of positive periodic solution to some second- order semi-linear differential equation in Banach space.By the fixed point index theory, we prove that the semi-linear differential equation has two positive periodic solutions.

  17. NONLOCAL INITIAL PROBLEM FOR NONLINEAR NONAUTONOMOUS DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS IN A BANACH SPACE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    M.I.Gil'

    2004-01-01

    The nonlocal initial problem for nonlinear nonautonomous evolution equations in a Banach space is considered. It is assumed that the nonlinearities have the local Lipschitz properties. The existence and uniqueness of mild solutions are proved. Applications to integro-differential equations are discussed. The main tool in the paper is the normalizing mapping (the generalized norm).

  18. Viscosity Approximation Method for Infinitely Many Asymptotically Nonexpansive Maps in Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ruo Feng RAO

    2011-01-01

    In the framework of reflexive Banach spaces satisfying a weakly continuous duality map,the author uses the viscosity approximation method to obtain the strong convergence theorem for iterations with infinitely many asymptotically nonexpansive mappings.The main results obtained in this paper improve and extend some recent results.

  19. INTERATIVE APPROXIMATION OF FIXED POINTS FOR ALMOST ASYMPTOTICALLY NONEXPANSIVE TYPE MAPPINGS IN BANACH SPACES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾六川

    2003-01-01

    A new class of almost asymptotically nonexpansive type mappings in Banach spaces is introduced, which includes a number of known classes of nonlinear Lipschitzian mappings and non-Lipschitzian mappings in Banach spaces as special cases; for example,the known classes of nonexpansive mappings, asymptotically nonexpansive mappings and asymptotically nonexpansive type mappings. The convergence problem of modified Ishikawa iterative sequences with errors for approximating fixed points of almost asymptotically nonexpansive type mappings is considered. Not only S. S. Chang' s inequality but also H.K. Xu' s one for the norms of Banach spaces are applied to make the error estimate between the exact fixed point and the approximate one. Moreover, Zhang Shi-sheng ' s method (Applied Mathematics and Mechanics ( English Edition ), 2001,22 (1) :25 - 34) for making the convergence analysis of modified Ishikawa iterative sequences with errors is extended to the case of almost asymptotically nonexpansive type mappings. The new convergence criteria of modified Ishikawa iterative sequences with errors for finding fixed points of almost asymptotically nonexpansive type mappings in uniformly convex Banach spaces are presented. Also, the new convergence criteria of modified Mann iterative sequences with errors for this class of mappings are immediately obtained from these criteria. The above results unify, improve and generalize Zhang Shi-sheng's ones on approximating fixed points of asymptotically nonexpansive type mappings by the modified Ishikawa and Mann iterative sequences with errors.

  20. The General Iterative Methods for Asymptotically Nonexpansive Semigroups in Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rabian Wangkeeree

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We introduce the general iterative methods for finding a common fixed point of asymptotically nonexpansive semigroups which is a unique solution of some variational inequalities. We prove the strong convergence theorems of such iterative scheme in a reflexive Banach space which admits a weakly continuous duality mapping. The main result extends various results existing in the current literature.

  1. Bound and periodic solutions of the Riccati equation in Banach space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Ya. Dorogovtsev

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available An abstract, nonlinear, differential equation in Banach space is considered. Conditions are presented for the existence of bounded solutions of this equation with a bounded right side, and also for the existence of stationary (periodic solutions of this equation with a stationary (periodic process in the right side.

  2. Some G-M-type Banach spaces and K-groups of operator algebras on them

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHONG Huaijie; CHEN Dongxiao; CHEN Jianlan

    2004-01-01

    By providing several new varieties of G-M-type Banachspaces according to decomposable and compoundable properties, this paper discusses the operator structures of thesespaces and the K-theory of the algebra of the operators on these G-M-type Banach spaces throughcalculation of the K-groups of the operator ideals contained in the class of Riesz operators.

  3. Strong convergence theorems for nonexpansive semi-groups in Banach spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Some strong convergence theorems of explicit composite iteration scheme for nonexpansive semi-groups in the framework of Banach spaces are established. Results presented in the paper not only extend and improve the corresponding results of ShiojiTakahashi, Suzuki, Xu and Aleyner-Reich, but also give a partially affirmative answer to the open questions raised by Suzuki and Xu.

  4. Fixed point iterations for quasi-contractive maps in uniformly smooth Banach spaces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two well-known fixed point iteration methods are applied to approximate fixed points of quasi-contractive maps in real uniformly smooth Banach spaces. While our theorems generalize important known results, our method is of independent interest. (author). 25 refs

  5. Common Fixed Point Theorems in Non-normal Cone Metric Spaces with Banach Algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Hua-ping; XU Shao-yuan; LIU Qiu-hua; MING Wei

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we obtain a class of common fixed point theorems for generalized Lipschitz mappings in cone metric spaces with Banach algebras without the assumption of normality of cones. The results greatly generalize some results in the literature. Moreover, we give an example to support the main assertions.

  6. On Noncompact Fractional Order Differential Inclusions with Generalized Boundary Condition and Impulses in a Banach Space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Benedetti

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We provide existence results for a fractional differential inclusion with nonlocal conditions and impulses in a reflexive Banach space. We apply a technique based on weak topology to avoid any kind of compactness assumption on the nonlinear term. As an example we consider a problem in population dynamic described by an integro-partial-differential inclusion.

  7. Non-expansive Mappings and Iterative Methods in Uniformly Convex Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hai Yun ZHOU

    2004-01-01

    In this article, we will investigate the properties of iterative sequence for non-expansive mappings and present several strong and weak convergence results of successive approximations to fixed points of non-expansive mappings in uniformly convex Banach spaces. The results presented in this article generalize and improve various ones concerned with constructive techniques for the fixed points of non-expansive mappings.

  8. Strong Convergence Theorems for Strict Pseudocontractions in Uniformly Convex Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin Wei-Wei

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The viscosity approximation methods are employed to establish strong convergence theorems of the modified Mann iteration scheme to -strict pseudocontractions in -uniformly convex Banach spaces with a uniformly Gâteaux differentiable norm. The main result improves and extends many nice results existing in the current literature.

  9. The Equivalence of Ishikawa-Mann and Multistep Iterations in Banach Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liping Yang

    2007-01-01

    Let E be a real Banach space and T be a continuous Φ-strongly accretive operator. By using a new analytical method,it is proved that the convergence of Mann,Ishikawa and three-step iterations are equivalent to the convergence of multistep iteration.The results of this paper extend the results of Rhoades and Soltuz in some aspects.

  10. A RANDOM FIXED POINT ITERATION FOR THREE RANDOM OPERATORS ON UNIFORMLY CONVEX BANACH SPACES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Binayak S. Choudhury

    2003-01-01

    In the present paper we introduce a random iteration scheme for three random operators defined on a closed and convex subset of a uniformly convex Banach space and prove its convergence to a common fixed point of three random operators. The result is also an extension of a known theorem in the corresponding non-random case.

  11. General solution and generalized Ulam-Hyers stability of a generalized n- type additive quadratic functional equation in Banach space and Banach algebra: direct and fixed point methods

    OpenAIRE

    Murthy, S; Arunkumar, M; V. Govindan

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, the authors introduce and investigate the general solution and generalized Ulam-Hyers stability of a generalized n-type additive-quadratic functional equation. g(x + 2y; u + 2v) + g(x 2y; u 2v) = 4[g(x + y; u + v) + g(x y; u v)] 6g(x; u) + g(2y; 2v) + g(2y;2v) 4g(y; v) 4g(y;v) Where  is a positive integer with , in Banach Space and Banach Algebras using direct and fixed point methods.

  12. ASYMPTOTICALLY ISOMETRIC COPIES OF lp (1≤p<∞) AND c0 IN BANACH SPACES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Dongyang

    2006-01-01

    Let X be a Banach space. If there exists a quotient space of X which is asymptotically isometric to l1, then X contains complemented asymptotically isometric copies of l1. Every infinite dimensional closed subspace of l1 contains a complemented subspace of l1 which is asymptotically isometric to l1. Let X be a separable Banach space such that X* contains asymptotically isometric copies of lp (1 < p <∞). Then there exists a quotient space of X which is asymptotically isometric to lq (1/p+1/q=1). Complementedasymptotically isometric copies of c0 in K(X, Y) and W(X, Y) are discussed. Let X be a Gelfand-Phillips space. If X contains asymptotically isometric copies of c0, it has to contain complemented asymptotically isometric copies of c0.

  13. Functional analysis an introduction to metric spaces, Hilbert spaces, and Banach algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Muscat, Joseph

    2014-01-01

    This textbook is an introduction to functional analysis suited to final year undergraduates or beginning graduates. Its various applications of Hilbert spaces, including least squares approximation, inverse problems, and Tikhonov regularization, should appeal not only to mathematicians interested in applications, but also to researchers in related fields. Functional Analysis adopts a self-contained approach to Banach spaces and operator theory that covers the main topics, based upon the classical sequence and function spaces and their operators. It assumes only a minimum of knowledge in elementary linear algebra and real analysis; the latter is redone in the light of metric spaces. It contains more than a thousand worked examples and exercises, which make up the main body of the book.

  14. On well posedness of best simultaneous approximation problems in Banach spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI; Chong

    2001-01-01

    [1]Pinkus, A., Uniqueness in vector-valued approximation, J. Approx. Theory, 1993, 73: 17—92.[2]Li, C., Watson, G. A., On best simultaneous approximation, J. Approx. Theory, 1997, 91: 332—348.[3]Tanimoto, S., A characterization of best simultaneous approximations, J. Approx. Theory, 1989, 59: 359—361.[4]Watson, G. A., A characterization of best simultaneous approximations, J. Approx. Theory, 1993, 75: 175—182.[5]Li, C., Watson, G. A., On best simultaneous approximation of a finite set of functions, Computer Math. Applic., 1999, 37: 1—9.[6]Stechkin, S. B., Approximation properties of sets in normed linear spaces, Rev. Roumaine Math. Pures and Appl. (in Russian), 1963, 8: 5—18.[7]Borwein, J. M., Fitzpatrick, S., Existence of nearest points in Banach spaces, Can. J. Math., 1989, 41: 702—720.[8]De Blasi, F. S., Myjak, J., On a generalized best approximation problem, J. Approx. Theory, 1998, 94: 54—72.[9]Georgiev, P. G., The strong Ekeland variational principle, the strong drop theorem and applications, J. Math. Anal. Appl., 1988, 131: 1—21.[10]Lau, K. S., Almost Chebyshev subsets in reflexive Banach spaces, Indiana Univ. Math. J., 1978, 27: 791—795.[11]Li, C., On mutually nearest and mutually furthest points in reflexive Banach spaces, J. Approx. Theory, 2000, 103: 1—17.[12]Li, C., On well posed generalized best approximation problems, J. Approx. Thory, 2000, 107: 96—108.[13]Li, C., Almost K-Chebyshev sets, Acta. Math. Sin. (in Chinese), 1990, 33: 251—259.[14]De Blasi, F. S., Myjak, J., Papini, P. L., On mutually nearest and mutually furthest points of sets in Banach spaces, J. Approx. Theory, 1992, 70: 142—155.[15]Dontchev, A., Zolezzi, T., Well Posed Optimization Problems, Lecture Notes in Math., Vol. 1543, New York: Springer-Verlag, 1993.[16]Li, C., Wang, X. H., Almost Chebyshev set with respect to bounded subsets, Science in China, Ser. A, 1997, 40: 375—383.[17]Ni, R

  15. ON GRAPH MEASURES IN BANACH SPACES AND DESCRIPTION OF ESSENTIAL SPECTRA OF MULTIDIMENSIONAL TRANSPORT EQUATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Boulbeba Abdelmoumen; Aref Jeribi; Maher Mnif

    2012-01-01

    In this paper,we define new measures called respectively graph measure of noncompactness and graph measure of weak noncompactness.Moreover,we apply the obtained results to discuss the incidence of some perturbation results realized in [2] on the behavior of essential spectra of such closed densely defined linear operators on Banach spaces.These results are exploited to investigate the essential spectra of a multidimensional neutron transport operator on L1 spaces.

  16. Domains of uniqueness for $C_0$-semigroups on the dual of a Banach space

    OpenAIRE

    Lemle, Ludovic Dan

    2008-01-01

    Let $({\\cal X},\\|\\:.\\:\\|)$ be a Banach space. In general, for a $C_0$-semigroup \\semi on $({\\cal X},\\|\\:.\\:\\|)$, its adjoint semigroup \\semia is no longer strongly continuous on the dual space $({\\cal X}^{*},\\|\\:.\\:\\|^{*})$. Consider on ${\\cal X}^{*}$ the topology of uniform convergence on compact subsets of $({\\cal X},\\|\\:.\\:\\|)$ denoted by ${\\cal C}({\\cal X}^{*},{\\cal X})$, for which the usual semigroups in literature becomes $C_0$-semigroups.\\\\ The main purpose of this paper is to prove th...

  17. Existence Results for Differential Inclusions with Nonlinear Growth Conditions in Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Messaoud Bounkhel

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In the Banach space setting, the existence of viable solutions for differential inclusions with nonlinear growth; that is, ẋ(t∈F(t,x(t a.e. on I, x(t∈S, ∀t∈I, x(0=x0∈S, (*, where S is a closed subset in a Banach space , I=[0,T], (T>0, F:I×S→, is an upper semicontinuous set-valued mapping with convex values satisfying F(t,x⊂c(tx+xp, ∀(t,x∈I×S, where p∈ℝ, with p≠1, and c∈C([0,T],ℝ+. The existence of solutions for nonconvex sweeping processes with perturbations with nonlinear growth is also proved in separable Hilbert spaces.

  18. Structure of Pareto Solutions of Generalized Polyhedral-Valued Vector Optimization Problems in Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qinghai He

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In general Banach spaces, we consider a vector optimization problem (SVOP in which the objective is a set-valued mapping whose graph is the union of finitely many polyhedra or the union of finitely many generalized polyhedra. Dropping the compactness assumption, we establish some results on structure of the weak Pareto solution set, Pareto solution set, weak Pareto optimal value set, and Pareto optimal value set of (SVOP and on connectedness of Pareto solution set and Pareto optimal value set of (SVOP. In particular, we improved and generalize, Arrow, Barankin, and Blackwell’s classical results in Euclidean spaces and Zheng and Yang’s results in general Banach spaces.

  19. A Hybrid Iterative Scheme for Equilibrium Problems, Variational Inequality Problems, and Fixed Point Problems in Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cholamjiak Prasit

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to introduce a new hybrid projection algorithm for finding a common element of the set of solutions of the equilibrium problem and the set of the variational inequality for an inverse-strongly monotone operator and the set of fixed points of relatively quasi-nonexpansive mappings in a Banach space. Then we show a strong convergence theorem. Using this result, we obtain some applications in a Banach space.

  20. Banach空间中的Xd Bessel列%Sequences of Xd Bessel for a Banach space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亚丽; 曹怀信; 张巧卫

    2011-01-01

    研究了Banach空间X中的Xd Bessel列、Xd框架、Xd独立框架、Xd紧框架与Xd Riesz基.证明了当Xd为BK-空间时,(BXXd,‖·‖)是数域F上的Banach空间;当Xd是BK-空间且X自反时,通过定义算子Tf,建立了空间BXXd与算子空间B(X*,Xd)之间的等距同构,为利用算子论的方法研究Xd Bessel列提供了必要的理论依据.最后,给出了Banach空间X中Xd Bessel列的等价刻画并证明了独立的Xd框架与Xd Riesz基是一致的.%Xd Bessel sequences, Xd frames, Xd independent frames, Xd tight frames and Xd Riesz basis for a Banach space X ate introduced and discussed. It is proved that (Bxxd || ? || ) is a Banach space when Xd is a BK-space. By de fining an operator Tf, an isometric isomorphism from Bxxd to B(X* ,Xd) is established when Xd is a BK-space and X is reflexive, which provides a necessary theoretical basis for studying Xd Bessel sequences by the operator theory. Finally, the equivalent characterizations of Xd Bessel sequences for a Banach space X are given. Also, it is proved that independ ent Xd frames and Xd Riesz bases for a Banach space X are the same.

  1. Cauchy-Rassias Stability of Cauchy-Jensen Additive Mappings in Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Choonkil BAAK

    2006-01-01

    Let X, Y be vector spaces. It is shown that if a mapping f: X → Y satisfiesf(x+y/2+z)+f(x-y/2+z)=f(x)+2f(z), (0.1)f(x+y/2+z)-f(x-y/2+z)= f(y), (0.2)or2f(x+y/2+z)=f(x)+f(y)+2f(z) (0.3)for all x, y, z ∈ X, then the mapping f: X → Y is Cauchy additive.Furthermore, we prove the Cauchy-Rassias stability of the functional equations (0.1), (0.2) and (0.3) in Banach spaces. The results are applied to investigate isomorphisms between unital Banach algebra.

  2. Additive maps preserving the reduced minimum modulus of Banach space operators

    CERN Document Server

    Bourhim, Abdellatif

    2009-01-01

    Let ${\\mathcal B}(X)$ be the algebra of all bounded linear operators on an infinite dimensional complex Banach space $X$. We prove that an additive surjective map $\\phi$ on ${\\mathcal B}(X)$ preserves the reduced minimum modulus if and only if either there are bijective isometries $U:X\\to X$ and $V:X\\to X$ both linear or both conjugate linear such that $\\phi(T)=UTV$ for all $T\\in{\\mathcal B}(X)$, or $X$ is reflexive and there are bijective isometries $U:X^*\\to X$ and $V:X\\to X^*$ both linear or both conjugate linear such that $\\phi(T)=UT^*V$ for all $T\\in{\\mathcal B}(X)$. As immediate consequences of the ingredients used in the proof of this result, we get the complete description of surjective additive maps preserving the minimum, the surjectivity and the maximum moduli of Banach space operators.

  3. Landweber-Kaczmarz method in Banach spaces with inexact inner solvers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Qinian

    2016-10-01

    In recent years the Landweber-Kaczmarz method has been proposed for solving nonlinear ill-posed inverse problems in Banach spaces using general convex penalty functions. The implementation of this method involves solving a (nonsmooth) convex minimization problem at each iteration step and the existing theory requires its exact resolution which in general is impossible in practical applications. In this paper we propose a version of the Landweber-Kaczmarz method in Banach spaces in which the minimization problem involved in each iteration step is solved inexactly. Based on the \\varepsilon -subdifferential calculus we give a convergence analysis of our method. Furthermore, using Nesterov's strategy, we propose a possible accelerated version of the Landweber-Kaczmarz method. Numerical results on computed tomography and parameter identification in partial differential equations are provided to support our theoretical results and to demonstrate our accelerated method.

  4. Convergence on Composite Iterative Schemes for Nonexpansive Mappings in Banach Spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Jong Soo Jung

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Let be a reflexive Banach space with a uniformly Gâteaux differentiable norm. Suppose that every weakly compact convex subset of has the fixed point property for nonexpansive mappings. Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of , a contractive mapping (or a weakly contractive mapping), and nonexpansive mapping with the fixed point set . Let be generated by a new composite iterative scheme: , , . It is proved that converges strongly to a point in , which is a s...

  5. Browder's type strong convergence theorems for infinite families of nonexpansive mappings in Banach spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Tomonari Suzuki

    2006-01-01

    We prove Browder's type strong convergence theorems for infinite families of nonexpansive mappings. One of our main results is the following: let be a bounded closed convex subset of a uniformly smooth Banach space . Let be an infinite family of commuting nonexpansive mappings on . Let and be sequences in satisfying for . Fix and define a sequence in by for . Then converges strongly to , where is the unique sunny nonexpansive retraction from onto .

  6. Approximating Common Fixed Points of Lipschitzian Semigroup in Smooth Banach Spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Saeidi Shahram

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Let be a left amenable semigroup, let be a representation of as Lipschitzian mappings from a nonempty compact convex subset of a smooth Banach space into with a uniform Lipschitzian condition, let be a strongly left regular sequence of means defined on an -stable subspace of , let be a contraction on , and let , , and be sequences in (0, 1) such that , for all . Let , for all . Then, under suitable hypotheses on the constants, we show that converges stron...

  7. Weak and Strong Convergence Theorems for Nonexpansive Mappings in Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Su Yongfu

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The purpose of this paper is to introduce two implicit iteration schemes for approximating fixed points of nonexpansive mapping and a finite family of nonexpansive mappings , respectively, in Banach spaces and to prove weak and strong convergence theorems. The results presented in this paper improve and extend the corresponding ones of H.-K. Xu and R. Ori, 2001, Z. Opial, 1967, and others.

  8. MIXED MONOTONE ITERATIVE TECHNIQUES FOR SEMILINEAR EVOLUTION EQUATIONS IN BANACH SPACES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王良龙; 王志成

    2004-01-01

    This paper is concerned with initial value problems for semilinear evolution equations in Banach spaces. The abstract iterative schemes are constructed by combining the theory of semigroups of linear operators and the method of mixed monotone iterations. Some existence results on minimal and maximal (quasi)solutions are established for abstract semilinear evolution equations with mixed monotone or mixed quasimonotone nonlinear terms. To illustrate the main results, applications to ordinary differential equations and partial differential equations are also given.

  9. Common Fixed-Point Problem for a Family Multivalued Mapping in Banach Space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhanfei Zuo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available It is our purpose in this paper to prove two convergents of viscosity approximation scheme to a common fixed point of a family of multivalued nonexpansive mappings in Banach spaces. Moreover, it is the unique solution in to a certain variational inequality, where ∶=∩∞=0( stands for the common fixed-point set of the family of multivalued nonexpansive mapping {}.

  10. Mann Type Implicit Iteration Approximation for Multivalued Mappings in Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huimin He

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Let K be a nonempty compact convex subset of a uniformly convex Banach space E and let T be a multivalued nonexpansive mapping. For the implicit iterates x0∈K, xn=αnxn-1+(1-αnyn, yn∈Txn, n≥1. We proved that {xn} converges strongly to a fixed point of T under some suitable conditions. Our results extended corresponding ones and revised a gap in the work of Panyanak (2007.

  11. Nonlinear Evolution Governed by Accretive Operators in Banach Spaces: Error Control and Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Nochetto, Ricardo H; Savare, Giuseppe

    2001-01-01

    Nonlinear evolution equations governed by $m$-accretive operators in Banach spaces are discretized via the backward or forward Euler methods with variable stepsize. Computable a posteriori error estimates are derived in terms of the discrete solution and data, and shown to converge with optimal order $O(sqrttau)$. Applications to scalar conservation laws and degenerate parabolic equations (with or without hysteresis) in $L^1$, as well as to Hamilton-Jacobi equations in $C^...

  12. Stability analysis of solutions to nonlinear stiff Volterra functional differential equations in Banach spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Shoufu

    2005-01-01

    A series of stability, contractivity and asymptotic stability results of the solutions to nonlinear stiff Volterra functional differential equations (VFDEs) in Banach spaces is obtained, which provides the unified theoretical foundation for the stability analysis of solutions to nonlinear stiff problems in ordinary differential equations(ODEs), delay differential equations(DDEs), integro-differential equations(IDEs) and VFDEs of other type which appear in practice.

  13. Fixed point iterations for strictly hemi-contractive maps in uniformly smooth Banach spaces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is proved that the Mann iteration process converges strongly to the fixed point of a strictly hemi-contractive map in real uniformly smooth Banach spaces. The class of strictly hemi-contractive maps includes all strictly pseudo-contractive maps with nonempty fixed point sets. A related result deals with the Ishikawa iteration scheme when the mapping is Lipschitzian and strictly hemi-contractive. Our theorems generalize important known results. (author). 29 refs

  14. ON A FAMILY OF CHEBYSHEV-HALLEY TYPE METHODS IN BANACH SPACE UNDER WEAKER SMALE CONDITION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    In this paper, we discuss local convergence of a family of Chebychev-Halley type methods with a parameter θ∈[0,1] in Banach space using Smale-type δ criterion under 2-th γ-condition. We will see that the properties of the condition used for local convergence is much more different from that used in [6][15] for the semi-local convergence.

  15. SOLUTIONS FOR SECOND ORDER IMPULSIVE INTEGRO- DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION ON UNBOUNDED DOMAINS IN BANACH SPACES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Fang-qi; TIAN Rui-lan; CHEN Yu-shu

    2006-01-01

    Under loose conditions, the existence of solutions to initial value problem are studied for second order impulsive integro-differential equation with infinite moments of impulse effect on the positive half real axis in Banach spaces. By the use of recurrence method, Tonelii sequence and the locally convex topology, the new existence theorems are achieved, which improve the related results obtained by Guo Da-jun.

  16. Strong Convergence Iterative Algorithms for Equilibrium Problems and Fixed Point Problems in Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shenghua Wang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We first introduce the concept of Bregman asymptotically quasinonexpansive mappings and prove that the fixed point set of this kind of mappings is closed and convex. Then we construct an iterative scheme to find a common element of the set of solutions of an equilibrium problem and the set of common fixed points of a countable family of Bregman asymptotically quasinonexpansive mappings in reflexive Banach spaces and prove strong convergence theorems. Our results extend the recent ones of some others.

  17. A New Hybrid Algorithm for λ-Strict Asymptotically Pseudocontractions in 2-Uniformly Smooth Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xin-dong Liu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A new hybrid projection algorithm is considered for a λ-strict asymptotically pseudocontractive mapping. Using the metric projection, a strong convergence theorem is obtained in a uniformly convex and 2-uniformly smooth Banach spaces. The result presented in this paper mainly improves and extends the corresponding results of Matsushita and Takahashi (2008, Dehghan (2011 Kang and Wang (2011, and many others.

  18. On a New Geometric Constant Related to the Modulus of Smoothness of a Banach Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yasuji TAKAHASHI; Mikio KATO

    2014-01-01

    We shall introduce a new geometric constant A(X) of a Banach space X, which is closely related to the modulus of smoothnessρX(τ), and investigate it in relation with the constant A2(X) by Baronti et al., the von Neumann-Jordan constant CN J (X ) and the James constant J (X ). A sequence of recent results on these constants as well as some other geometric constants will be strengthened and improved.

  19. A reinterpretation of set differential equations as differential equations in a Banach space

    OpenAIRE

    Rasmussen, Martin; Rieger, Janosch; Webster, Kevin

    2015-01-01

    Set differential equations are usually formulated in terms of the Hukuhara differential, which implies heavy restrictions for the nature of a solution. We propose to reformulate set differential equations as ordinary differential equations in a Banach space by identifying the convex and compact subsets of $\\R^d$ with their support functions. Using this representation, we demonstrate how existence and uniqueness results can be applied to set differential equations. We provide a simple example,...

  20. On some Banach space constants arising in nonlinear fixed point and eigenvalue theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Väth

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available As is well known, in any infinite-dimensional Banach space one may find fixed point free self-maps of the unit ball, retractions of the unit ball onto its boundary, contractions of the unit sphere, and nonzero maps without positive eigenvalues and normalized eigenvectors. In this paper, we give upper and lower estimates, or even explicit formulas, for the minimal Lipschitz constant and measure of noncompactness of such maps.

  1. Browder's type strong convergence theorems for infinite families of nonexpansive mappings in Banach spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suzuki Tomonari

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available We prove Browder's type strong convergence theorems for infinite families of nonexpansive mappings. One of our main results is the following: let be a bounded closed convex subset of a uniformly smooth Banach space . Let be an infinite family of commuting nonexpansive mappings on . Let and be sequences in satisfying for . Fix and define a sequence in by for . Then converges strongly to , where is the unique sunny nonexpansive retraction from onto .

  2. Global Dynamical Systems Involving Generalized -Projection Operators and Set-Valued Perturbation in Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yun-zhi Zou

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A new class of generalized dynamical systems involving generalized f-projection operators is introduced and studied in Banach spaces. By using the fixed-point theorem due to Nadler, the equilibrium points set of this class of generalized global dynamical systems is proved to be nonempty and closed under some suitable conditions. Moreover, the solutions set of the systems with set-valued perturbation is showed to be continuous with respect to the initial value.

  3. Conical square function estimates in UMD Banach spaces and applications to H-infinity functional calculi

    OpenAIRE

    Hytonen, Tuomas; van Neerven, Jan; Portal, Pierre

    2007-01-01

    We study conical square function estimates for Banach-valued functions, and introduce a vector-valued analogue of the Coifman-Meyer-Stein tent spaces. Following recent work of Auscher-McIntosh-Russ, the tent spaces in turn are used to construct a scale of vector-valued Hardy spaces associated with a given bisectorial operator (A) with certain off-diagonal bounds, such that (A) always has a bounded (H^{\\infty})-functional calculus on these spaces. This provides a new way of proving functional ...

  4. On Linear Isometries of Banach Lattices in $\\mathcal{C}_0()$-Spaces

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    José M Isidro

    2009-11-01

    Consider the space $\\mathcal{C}_0()$ endowed with a Banach lattice-norm $\\|\\cdot p\\|$ that is not assumed to be the usual spectral norm $\\|\\cdot p\\|_∞$ of the supremum over . A recent extension of the classical Banach-Stone theorem establishes that each surjective linear isometry of the Banach lattice $(\\mathcal{C}_0(),\\|\\cdot p\\|)$ induces a partition of into a family of finite subsets $S\\subset$ along with a bijection $T:→$ which preserves cardinality, and a family $[u(S):S\\in]$ of surjective linear maps $u(S):\\mathcal{C}(T(S))→\\mathcal{C}(S)$ of the finite-dimensional *-algebras $\\mathcal{C}(S)$ such that $$(U f)|_{T(S)}=u(S)(f|_S) \\quad \\forall f\\in\\mathcal{C}_0() \\quad \\forall S\\in.$$ Here we endow the space of finite sets $S\\subset$ with a topology for which the bijection and the map are continuous, thus completing the analogy with the classical result.

  5. Fixed Point Theorems for Suzuki Generalized Nonexpansive Multivalued Mappings in Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abkar A

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In the first part of this paper, we prove the existence of common fixed points for a commuting pair consisting of a single-valued and a multivalued mapping both satisfying the Suzuki condition in a uniformly convex Banach space. In this way, we generalize the result of Dhompongsa et al. (2006. In the second part of this paper, we prove a fixed point theorem for upper semicontinuous mappings satisfying the Suzuki condition in strictly spaces; our result generalizes a recent result of Domínguez-Benavides et al. (2009.

  6. Delta-semidefinite and delta-convex quadratic forms in Banach spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Kalton, N.; Konyagin, S. V.; Vesely, L.

    2006-01-01

    A continuous quadratic form ("quadratic form", in short) on a Banach space $X$ is: (a) delta-semidefinite (i.e., representable as a difference of two nonnegative quadratic forms) if and only if the corresponding symmetric linear operator $T\\colon X\\to X^*$ factors through a Hilbert space; (b) delta-convex (i.e., representable as a difference of two continuous convex functions) if and only if $T$ is a UMD-operator. It follows, for instance, that each quadratic form on an infinite-dimensional $...

  7. Existence results for a class of parabolic evolution equations in Banach spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WangJing; XueXingmei

    2003-01-01

    We discuss the existence results of the parabolic evolution equation d(x(t) + g(t,x(t)))/dt + A(t)x(t) =f( t ,x(t)) in Banach spaces, where A (t) generates an evolution system and functions f, g are continuous. We get the theorem of existence of a mild solution, the theorem of existence and uniqueness of a mild solution and the theorem of existence and uniqueness of an S-classieal (semi-classical) solution. We extend the cases when g(t) = 0 or A(t) = A.

  8. Oscillation and the mean ergodic theorem for uniformly convex Banach spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Avigad, Jeremy; Rute, Jason

    2012-01-01

    Let B be a p-uniformly convex Banach space, with p >= 2. Let T be a linear operator on B, and let A_n x denote the ergodic average (1 / n) sum_{i< n} T^n x. We prove the following variational inequality in the case where T is power bounded from above and below: for any increasing sequence (t_k)_{k in N} of natural numbers we have sum_k || A_{t_{k+1}} x - A_{t_k} x ||^p

  9. Approximation of fixed points of Lipschitz pseudo-contractive mapping in Banach spaces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Let K be a subset of a real Banach space X. A mapping T:K → X is called pseudo-contractive if the inequality ||x-y|| ≤ ||(1+r)(x-y)-r(Tx-Ty)|| holds for all x,y in K and r > 0. Fixed points of Lipschitz pseudo-contractive maps are approximated under appropriate conditions, by an iteration process of the type introduced by W.R. Mann. This gives an affirmative answer to the problem stated by T.L. Hicks and J.R. Rubicek (J. Math. Anal. Appl. 59 (1977) 504). (author). 28 refs

  10. Hanke-Raus heuristic rule for variational regularization in Banach spaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Qinian

    2016-08-01

    We generalize the heuristic parameter choice rule of Hanke-Raus for quadratic regularization to general variational regularization for solving linear as well as nonlinear ill-posed inverse problems in Banach spaces. Under source conditions formulated as variational inequalities, we obtain a posteriori error estimates in term of the Bregman distance. By imposing certain conditions on the random noise, we establish four convergence results; one relies on the source conditions and the other three do not depend on any source conditions. Numerical results are presented to illustrate the performance.

  11. C0-semigroups of linear operators on some ultrametric Banach spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toka Diagana

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available C0-semigroups of linear operators play a crucial role in the solvability of evolution equations in the classical context. This paper is concerned with a brief conceptualization of C0-semigroups on (ultrametric free Banach spaces E. In contrast with the classical setting, the parameter of a given C0-semigroup belongs to a clopen ball Ωr of the ground field K. As an illustration, we will discuss the solvability of some homogeneous p-adic differential equations.

  12. Basic Properties of Banach Space Xμ%Banach空间Xμ的基本性质

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑列

    2005-01-01

    研究了Banach空间Xμ={c=(ci)i≥1:‖c‖μ=def ∞∑ i=1 iμ|Ci|∞},μ≥1.讨论了它的范数,紧性以及强收敛和弱收敛之间的关系.%Banach space Xμ= {c= (ci)i≥1: ‖c‖μ=def ∞∑ i=1 iμ|ci|∞},μ≥1. is studied. Our results relate to norm,compactness and the relation between strong convergence and weak * convergence.

  13. Convergence theorems for a class of nonlinear maps in uniformly smooth Banach spaces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Let K be a nonempty closed and convex subset of a real uniformly smooth Banach space, E, with modulus of smoothness of power type q>1. Let T be a mapping of K into itself, T is an element of C (in the notion of Browder and Petryshyn; and Rhoades). It is proved that the Mann iteration process, under suitable conditions, converges strongly to the unique fixed point of T. If K is also bounded, then the Ishikawa iteration process converges to the fixed point of T. While our theorems generalize important known results, our method is also of independent interest. (author). 14 refs

  14. A model of CT dose profiles in Banach space; with applications to CT dosimetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weir, Victor J.

    2016-07-01

    In this paper the scatter component of computed tomography dose profiles is modeled using the solution to a nonlinear ordinary differential equation. This scatter function is summed with a modeled primary function of approximate trapezoidal shape. The primary dose profile is modeled to include the analytic continuation of the Heaviside step function. A mathematical theory is developed in a Banach space. The modeled function is used to accurately fit data from a 256-slice GE Revolution scanner. A 60 cm long body phantom is assembled and used for data collection with both a pencil chamber and a Farmer-type chamber.

  15. ANTI-PERIODIC SOLUTIONS FOR FIRST AND SECOND ORDER NONLINEAR EVOLUTION EQUATIONS IN BANACH SPACES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEI Wei; XIANG Xiaoling

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, a new existence theorem of anti-periodic solutions for a class ofstrongly nonlinear evolution equations in Banach spaces is presentedThe equations con-tain nonlinear monotone operators and a nonmonotone perturbationMoreover, throughan appropriate transformation, the existence of anti-periodic solutions for a class of second-order nonlinear evolution equations is verifiedOur abstract results are illustrated by anexample from quasi-linear partial differential equations with time anti-periodic conditionsand an example from quasi-linear anti-periodic hyperbolic differential equations.

  16. Existence of Solutions to Nonlinear Impulsive Volterra Integral Equations in Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Fangqi; TIAN Ruilan

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, the existence of solutions is studied for nonlinear impulsive Volterra integral equations with infinite moments of impulse effect on the half line R+ in Banach spaces.By the use of a new comparison result and recurrence method, the new existence theorems are achieved under a weaker compactness-type condition, which generalize and improve the related results for this class of equations with finite moments of impulse effect on finite interval and infinite moments of impulse effect on infinite interval.

  17. Criteria for the Single-Valued Metric Generalized Inverses of Multi-Valued Linear Operators in Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu Wen WANG; Jian ZHANG; Yun An CUI

    2012-01-01

    Let X,Y be Banach spaces and M be a linear subspace in X × Y ={{x,y}|x ∈ X,y ∈ Y}.We may view M as a multi-valued linear operator from X to Y by taking M(x) ={y|{x,y} ∈ M}.In this paper,we give several criteria for a single-valued operator from Y to X to be the metric generalized inverse of the multi-valued linear operator M.The principal tool in this paper is also the generalized orthogonal decomposition theorem in Banach spaces.

  18. On growth and covering theorems of quasi-convex mappings in the unit ball of a complex Banach space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG; Wenjun(张文俊); LIU; Taishun(刘太顺)

    2002-01-01

    A class of biholomorphic mappings named "quasi-convex mapping" is introduced in the unitball of a complex Banach space. It is proved that this class of mappings is a proper subset of the class ofstarlike mappings and contains the class of convex mappings properly, and it has the same growth and coveringtheorems as the convex mappings. Furthermore, when the Banach space is confined to Cn, the "quasi-convexmapping" is exactly the "quasi-convex mapping of type A" introduced by K. A. Roper and T. J. Suffridge.

  19. Isomorphisms on weighed Banach spaces of harmonic and holomorphic functions

    OpenAIRE

    Jorda Mora, Enrique; ZARCO GARCIA, ANA MARIA

    2013-01-01

    For an arbitrary open subset U subset of R-d or U subset of C-d and a continuous function v : U ->]0,infinity[ we show that the space h(v0) (U) of weighed harmonic functions is almost isometric to a (closed) subspace of c(0), thus extending a theorem due to Bonet and Wolf for spaces of holomorphic functions H-v0 (U) on open sets U subset of C-d. Inspired by recent work of Boyd and Rueda, we characterize in terms of the extremal points of the dual of h(v0) (U) when h(v0) (U) is isometric to a ...

  20. Banach SSD spaces and classes of monotone sets

    CERN Document Server

    Simons, Stephen

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we unify the theory of SSD spaces and the theory of strongly representable sets, and we apply our results to the theory of the various classes of maximally monotone sets. In particular, we prove that type (ED), dense type, type (D) and type (NI) are identical.

  1. A convergence rates result for an iteratively regularized Gauss-Newton-Halley method in Banach space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaltenbacher, B.

    2015-01-01

    The use of second order information on the forward operator often comes at a very moderate additional computational price in the context of parameter identification problems for differential equation models. On the other hand the use of general (non-Hilbert) Banach spaces has recently found much interest due to its usefulness in many applications. This motivates us to extend the second order method from Kaltenbacher (2014 Numer. Math. at press), (see also Hettlich and Rundell 2000 SIAM J. Numer. Anal. 37 587620) to a Banach space setting and analyze its convergence. We here show rates results for a particular source condition and different exponents in the formulation of Tikhonov regularization in each step. This includes a complementary result on the (first order) iteratively regularized Gauss-Newton method in case of a one-homogeneous data misfit term, which corresponds to exact penalization. The results clearly show the possible advantages of using second order information, which get most pronounced in this exact penalization case. Numerical simulations for an inverse source problem for a nonlinear elliptic PDE illustrate the theoretical findings.

  2. Convergence theorem of common fixed points for Lipschitzian pseudo-contraction semi-groups in Banach spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shi-sheng ZHANG

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to study the weak convergence problems of the implicity iteration process for Lipschitzian pseudocontractive semi-groups in the general Banach spaces. The results presented in this paper extend and improve the corresponding results of some people.

  3. Implicit and Explicit Iterations with Meir-Keeler-Type Contraction for a Finite Family of Nonexpansive Semigroups in Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiancai Huang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We introduce an implicit and explicit iterative schemes for a finite family of nonexpansive semigroups with the Meir-Keeler-type contraction in a Banach space. Then we prove the strong convergence for the implicit and explicit iterative schemes. Our results extend and improve some recent ones in literatures.

  4. MULTIPLICITY OF NONNEGATIVE SOLUTIONS TO SECOND-ORDER SINGULAR DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION WITH INTEGRAL BOUNDARY CONDITIONS IN BANACH SPACES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    This paper investigates the existence and multiplicity of nonnegative solutions to a singular nonlinear boundary value problem of second order differential equations with integral boundary conditions in a Banach space. The arguments are based on the construction of a nonempty bounded open convex set and fixed point index theory. Our nonlinearity possesses singularity and first derivative which makes it different with that in [10].

  5. Newton-Kantorovich and Smale Uniform Type Convergence Theorem for a Deformed Newton Method in Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rongfei Lin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Newton-Kantorovich and Smale uniform type of convergence theorem of a deformed Newton method having the third-order convergence is established in a Banach space for solving nonlinear equations. The error estimate is determined to demonstrate the efficiency of our approach. The obtained results are illustrated with three examples.

  6. Hybrid Implicit Iteration Process for a Finite Family of Non-Self-Nonexpansive Mappings in Uniformly Convex Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiaohong Jiang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Weak and strong convergence theorems are established for hybrid implicit iteration for a finite family of non-self-nonexpansive mappings in uniformly convex Banach spaces. The results presented in this paper extend and improve some recent results.

  7. (1.2) INVERSES OF OPERATORS BETWEEN BANACH SPACES AND LOCAL CONJUGACY THEOREM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MAJIPU

    1999-01-01

    Let E and F be Banach spaces and f non-linear C1 map from E into F. The main result is Theorem 2.2, in which a connection between local conjugacy problem of f at x0 ∈ E and a local fine property of f'(x) at x0(see the Definition 1.1 in this paper) are obtained. This theorem includes as special cases the two known theorems: the finite rank theorem and Berger's Theorem for non-linear Fredholm operators. Moreover: the theorem gives rise the further results for some non-linear semi-Fredholm maps and for all non-linear semi-Fredholm maps when E and F are Hilbert spaces. Thus Theorem 2.2 not only just unifies the above known theorems but also really generalizes them.

  8. On Well-posed Mutually Nearest and Mutually Furthest Point Problems in Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chong LI; Ren Xing NI

    2004-01-01

    Let G be a non-empty closed (resp. bounded closed) boundedly relatively weakly compact subset in a strictly convex Kadec Banach space X. Let K(X) denote the space of all non-empty compact convex subsets of X endowed with the Hausdorff distance. Moreover, let KG(X) denote the closure of the set {A ∈ K(X): A∩G =φ}. We prove that the set of all A ∈KG(X) (resp. A ∈ K(X)), such that the minimization (resp. maximization) problem min(A, G) (resp. max(A, G)) is well posed, contains a dense Gδ-subset of KG(X) (resp. K(X)), thus extending the recent results due to Blasi, Myjak and Papini and Li.

  9. Models of CT dose profiles in Banach space; with applications to CT Dosimetry

    CERN Document Server

    Weir, Victor J

    2015-01-01

    This paper consists of two parts.In the first part, the scatter components of computed tomograpahy dose profiles are modeled using various functions including the solution to Riccati's differential equation. These scatter functions are combined with primary components such as a trapezoidal function and a constructed function that uses the analytic continuation of Heaviside step function. A mathematical theory is developed in Banach space. The modeled function, which is the product of the scatter and primary functions, is used to accurately fit data from the O-arm cone beam imaging system. In a second part of the paper, an approach to dosimtery is developed that shows that the results obtained from the use of a pencil shaped ion chamber is equivalent to that from a farmer chamber. This result is verified by presenting some preliminary experimental data measured in a 64 slice Siemens Sensation scanner.

  10. Linear Impulsive Periodic System with Time-Varying Generating Operators on Banach Space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei W

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available A class of the linear impulsive periodic system with time-varying generating operators on Banach space is considered. By constructing the impulsive evolution operator, the existence of -periodic -mild solution for homogeneous linear impulsive periodic system with time-varying generating operators is reduced to the existence of fixed point for a suitable operator. Further the alternative results on -periodic -mild solution for nonhomogeneous linear impulsive periodic system with time-varying generating operators are established and the relationship between the boundness of solution and the existence of -periodic -mild solution is shown. The impulsive periodic motion controllers that are robust to parameter drift are designed for a given periodic motion. An example given for demonstration.

  11. Hybrid methods for accretive variational inequalities involving pseudocontractions in Banach spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Rudong

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract We use strongly pseudocontractions to regularize a class of accretive variational inequalities in Banach spaces, where the accretive operators are complements of pseudocontractions and the solutions are sought in the set of fixed points of another pseudocontraction. In this paper, we consider an implicit scheme that can be used to find a solution of a class of accretive variational inequalities. Our results improve and generalize some recent results of Yao et al. (Fixed Point Theory Appl, doi:10.1155/2011/180534, 2011 and Lu et al. (Nonlinear Anal, 71(3-4, 1032-1041, 2009. 2000 Mathematics subject classification 47H05; 47H09; 65J15

  12. A Banach space-valued ergodic theorem for amenable groups and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Pogorzelski, Felix

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we study unimodular amenable groups. The first part is devoted to results on the existence of uniform families of quasi tilings for these groups. In light of that, constructions of Ornstein and Weiss are extended by quantitative estimates for the covering properties of the corresponding decompositions. Afterwards, we apply the developed methods to obtain an abstract ergodic theorem for a class of functions mapping subsets of the group into some Banach space. Moreover, applications of this convergence result are studied: the uniform existence of the integrated density of states (IDS) for operators on amenable Cayley graphs; the uniform existence of the IDS for operators on discrete structures being quasi-isometric to some amenable group; the approximation of L2-Betti numbers on cellular CW-complexes; the existence of certain densities of clusters in a percolated Cayley graph.

  13. Picard iterations for nonlinear Lipschitz strong pseudo-contractions in uniformly smooth Banach spaces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Suppose E is a real uniformly smooth Banach space and K is a nonempty closed convex and bounded subset of E, T:K → K is a Lipschitz pseudo-contraction. It is proved that the Picard iterates of a suitably defined operator converges strongly to the unique fixed point of T. Furthermore, this result also holds for the slightly larger class of Lipschitz strong hemi-contractions. Related results deal with strong convergence of the Picard iterates to the unique solution of operator equations involving Lipschitz strongly accretive maps. Apart from establishing strong convergence, our theorems give existence, uniqueness and convergence-rate which is at least as fast as a geometric progression. (author). 51 refs

  14. Hybrid Approximate Proximal Point Algorithms for Variational Inequalities in Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yao JC

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Let be a nonempty closed convex subset of a Banach space with the dual , let be a continuous mapping, and let be a relatively nonexpansive mapping. In this paper, by employing the notion of generalized projection operator we study the variational inequality (for short, VI( : find such that for all , where is a given element. By combining the approximate proximal point scheme both with the modified Ishikawa iteration and with the modified Halpern iteration for relatively nonexpansive mappings, respectively, we propose two modified versions of the approximate proximal point scheme L. C. Ceng and J. C. Yao (2008 for finding approximate solutions of the VI( . Moreover, it is proven that these iterative algorithms converge strongly to the same solution of the VI( , which is also a fixed point of .

  15. Improved bounds in the scaled Enflo type inequality for Banach spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Giladi, Ohad

    2010-01-01

    It is shown that if (X,||.||_X) is a Banach space with Rademacher type p \\ge 1, then for every integer n there exists an even integer m X, \\Avg_{x,\\e}[||f(x+ m\\e/2)-f(x)}||_X^p] < C(p,X) m^p\\sum_{j=1}^n\\Avg_x[||f(x+e_j)-f(x)||_X^p], where the expectation is with respect to uniformly chosen x \\in Z_m^n and \\e \\in \\{-1,1\\}^n, and C(p,X) is a constant that depends on p and the Rademacher type constant of X. This improves a bound of m < Cn^{3-2/p} that was obtained in [Mendel, Naor 2007]. The proof is based on an augmentation of the "smoothing and approximation" scheme, which was implicit in [Mendel, Naor 2007].

  16. Reproducing Kernel Banach Spaces with the l1 Norm II: Error Analysis for Regularized Least Square Regression

    OpenAIRE

    Song, Guohui; Zhang, Haizhang

    2011-01-01

    A typical approach in estimating the learning rate of a regularized learning scheme is to bound the approximation error by the sum of the sampling error, the hypothesis error and the regularization error. Using a reproducing kernel space that satisfies the linear representer theorem brings the advantage of discarding the hypothesis error from the sum automatically. Following this direction, we illustrate how reproducing kernel Banach spaces with the l1 norm can be applied to improve the learn...

  17. On the p-Asplund Space of a Banach Space%Banach空间的p-Asplund伴随空间

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程立新

    2001-01-01

    我们称一个定义在Banach空间E上的连续凸函数f具有Frechet可微性质(FDP),如果E上的每个实值凸函数g≤f均在E的一个稠密的Gδ-子集上Frechet可微.本文主要证明了:对任何Banach空间E,均存在一个局部凸的相容拓扑p使得1)(E,p)是Hausdorff局部凸空间;2)E上的每个范数连续具有FDP的凸函数均是p-连续的;3)每个p-连续的凸函数均具有FDP;4)p等价某个范数拓扑当且仅当E是Asplund空间.%Recently, a sequence of articles studied the Frechet differentiability property of convex functions on general Banach spaces and even on topological linear spaces. Cheng et al introduced the notion of the FDP (Frechet differentiability property) of convex functions: an extended real valued proper convex function f on a Banach space E is said to have the FDP if every continuous convex function g with g≤f on E is Frechet differentiable on a dense Gδ subset of E. This paper mainly shows that all such continuous convex functions f on the space E are exactly all continuous convex functions on a locally convex space (E, τ) for some suitably locally convex topology τ, that the space (E, τ) is normable if and only if E is an Asplund space. It also presents a revised version of the main theorems of Cheng et al.

  18. Perturbations of Bessel Sequences of Order p in a Banach Space%Banach空间中P阶Bessel列的扰动

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秋芬; 曹怀信; 武海辉

    2011-01-01

    应用算子论方法研究Banach空间X中p(1<P<∞)阶Bessel列的扰动问题,对X中的任一p阶Bessel列f={fi}i∈I,定义了有界线性算子Tf:X*→lp,建立了从全体p阶Bessel列组成的Banach空间BpX(Ⅰ)到算子空间B(X*,lp)上的等距线性同构α:f→Tf,并给出了p阶Bessel列的扰动定理.%With the aid of operator theory, some perturbations of Bessel sequences of order p in a Banach space X were discussed. For a Bessel sequence f = {fi} i∈I of order p in X, we defined a bounded linear operator Tf from X* into lp and established a linear isometry isomorphism a from the space BpX (I) of all the Bessel sequences of order p in a Banach space X into the operator space B(X*,lp) defined by α(f) = Tr. In the light of operator theory, some results on perturbations of Bessel sequences of order p were given, which are helpful to the study of frames of order p for a Banach space.

  19. Ishikawa Iterative Process for a Pair of Single-valued and Multivalued Nonexpansive Mappings in Banach Spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Sokhuma, K.; A. Kaewkhao

    2010-01-01

    Let be a nonempty compact convex subset of a uniformly convex Banach space , and let and be a single-valued nonexpansive mapping and a multivalued nonexpansive mapping, respectively. Assume in addition that and for all . We prove that the sequence of the modified Ishikawa iteration method generated from an arbitrary by , , where and , are sequences of positive numbers satisfying , , converges strongly to a common fixed point of and ; that is, there exists such tha...

  20. Strong Convergence for a Countable Family of Total Quasi-ϕ-asymptotically Nonexpansive Nonself Mappings in Banach Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Xiong-rui; Quan Jing; Ji You-qing

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to introduce a class of total quasi-ϕ-asymptotically nonexpansive nonself mappings. Strong convergence theorems for common fixed points of a countable family of total quasi-ϕ-asymptotically nonexpan-sive mappings are established in the framework of Banach spaces based on modified Halpern and Mann-type iteration algorithm. The main results presented in this arti-cle extend and improve the corresponding results of many authors.

  1. Radon-Nikodym property of conjugate Banach spaces and w*-equivalence theorems of w*-u-measurable functions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭铁信

    1996-01-01

    A deep representation theorem of random conjugate spaces and its several important applications are given. As an application of the representation theorem, the following basic theorem is also proved: let B* be the conjugate space of a Banach space B, be a given probability space. Then every B*-valued w*-u-measurable function defined on is w*-equivalent to a B*-valued u-measurable function defined on if and only if B* has the Radon-Nikodym property with respect to

  2. Bundles of Banach algebras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. W. Kitchen

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available We study bundles of Banach algebras π:A→X, where each fiber Ax=π−1({x} is a Banach algebra and X is a compact Hausdorff space. In the case where all fibers are commutative, we investigate how the Gelfand representation of the section space algebra Γ(π relates to the Gelfand representation of the fibers. In the general case, we investigate how adjoining an identity to the bundle π:A→X relates to the standard adjunction of identities to the fibers.

  3. Dynamical Systems Method (DSM) for solving nonlinear operator equations in Banach spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Ramm, A G

    2010-01-01

    Let $F(u)=h$ be an operator equation in a Banach space $X$, $\\|F'(u)-F'(v)\\|\\leq \\omega(\\|u-v\\|)$, where $\\omega\\in C([0,\\infty))$, $\\omega(0)=0$, $\\omega(r)>0$ if $r>0$, $\\omega(r)$ is strictly growing on $[0,\\infty)$. Denote $A(u):=F'(u)$, where $F'(u)$ is the Fr\\'{e}chet derivative of $F$, and $A_a:=A+aI.$ Assume that (*) $\\|A^{-1}_a(u)\\|\\leq \\frac{c_1}{|a|^b}$, $|a|>0$, $b>0$, $a\\in L$. Here $a$ may be a complex number, and $L$ is a smooth path on the complex $a$-plane, joining the origin and some point on the complex $a-$plane, $00$ is a small fixed number, such that for any $a\\in L$ estimate (*) holds. It is proved that the DSM (Dynamical Systems Method) \\bee \\dot{u}(t)=-A^{-1}_{a(t)}(u(t))[F(u(t))+a(t)u(t)-f],\\quad u(0)=u_0,\\ \\dot{u}=\\frac{d u}{dt}, \\eee converges to $y$ as $t\\to +\\infty$, where $a(t)\\in L,$ $F(y)=f$, $r(t):=|a(t)|$, and $r(t)=c_4(t+c_2)^{-c_3}$, where $c_j>0$ are some suitably chosen constants, $j=2,3,4.$ Existence of a solution $y$ to the equation $F(u)=f$ is assumed. It is also assu...

  4. Lp-DICHOTOMY OF LINEAR DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS IN AN ARBITRARY BANACH SPACE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    A. KOSSEVA; S. KOSTADINOV; K. SCHNEIDER

    2003-01-01

    The notion of Lp-dichotomy for linear differential equations with possibly unbounded oper-ator is introduced. By help of Banach fixed point theorem sufficient conditions for the existenceof bounded solutions of nonlinear differential equations with an Lp-dichotomous linear part areobtained.

  5. Approximation Theorems and Fixed Point Theorems for Various Classes of 1-set-contractive Mappings in Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Shan LIU

    2001-01-01

    In this paper, we will prove that Ky Fan's Theorem (Math. Z. 112(1969), 234-240) is true for1-set-contractive maps defined on a bounded closed convex subset K in a Banach space with intK ≠φ.This class of 1-set-contractive maps includes condensing maps, nonexpansive maps, semicontractivemaps, LANE maps and others. As applications of our theorems, some fixed point theorems of non-self-maps are proved under various well-known boundary conditions. Our results are generalizations andimprovements of the recent results obtained by many authors.

  6. Viscosity Approximation Methods and Strong Convergence Theorems for the Fixed Point of Pseudocontractive and Monotone Mappings in Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Tang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Suppose that C is a nonempty closed convex subset of a real reflexive Banach space E which has a uniformly Gateaux differentiable norm. A viscosity iterative process is constructed in this paper. A strong convergence theorem is proved for a common element of the set of fixed points of a finite family of pseudocontractive mappings and the set of solutions of a finite family of monotone mappings. And the common element is the unique solution of certain variational inequality. The results presented in this paper extend most of the results that have been proposed for this class of nonlinear mappings.

  7. MULTI-VALUED TOTALLY QUASI-φ-ASYMPTOTICALLY NONEXPANSIVE SEMI-GROUPS AND STRONG CONVERGENCE THEOREMS IN BANACH SPACES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shisheng ZHANG; Lin WANG; Yunhe ZHAO

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this article is first to introduce the concept of multi-valued totally Quasi-φ-asymptotically nonexpansive semi-groups,which contains many kinds of semigroups as its special cases,and then to modify the Halpern-Mann-type iteration algorithm for multi-valued totally Quasi-φ-asymptotically nonexpansive semi-groups to have the strong convergence under a limit condition only in the framework of Banach spaces.The results presented in this article improve and extend the corresponding results announced by many authors recently.

  8. Hybrid Methods for Equilibrium Problems and Fixed Points Problems of a Countable Family of Relatively Nonexpansive Mappings in Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Plubtieng Somyot

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to introduce hybrid projection algorithms for finding a common element of the set of common fixed points of a countable family of relatively nonexpansive mappings and the set of solutions of an equilibrium problem in the framework of Banach spaces. Moreover, we apply our result to the problem of finding a common element of an equilibrium problem and the problem of finding a zero of a maximal monotone operator. Our result improve and extend the corresponding results announced by Takahashi and Zembayashi (2008 and 2009, and many others.

  9. Banach空间的不动点性质%Fixed Point Property in Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴春雪

    2007-01-01

    Banach空间中的许多几何性质在不动点理论中起着很重要的作用,其中包括一致凸性,Banach-Saks性质和正规结构等等.文中引入了一个新的几何性质(Ag2)*,通过建立Banach空间X中(Ag2)*性质和Banach-Saks性质及UKK性质、一致Frechet可微的关系,得到的结论是:如果Banach空间X是可分的且其对偶空间X*具有(Ag2)*性质,则X及X*具有弱不动点性质.

  10. RICCATI EQUATIONS ON NONCOMMUTATIVE BANACH ALGEBRAS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Curtain, Ruth

    2011-01-01

    Conditions for the existence of a solution of a Riccati equation to be in some prescribed noncommutative involutive Banach algebras are given. The Banach algebras are inverse-closed subalgebras of the space of bounded linear operators on some Hilbert space, and the Riccati equation has an exponentia

  11. Banach空间范数的 k-点态粗性和 k-粗性%k- pointwise roughness and k- roughness on Banach spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    义德日胡; 苏雅拉图

    2012-01-01

      对 Banach 空间范数引入了 k-点态粗和 k-粗的概念,利用 Banach 空间理论的方法,给出了 x ∈ S(X)为范数的 k-粗糙点和 X 的范数是 k-粗的一些充分必要条件,证明了(k +1)-粗糙点是 k-粗糙点以及 k-粗糙点与 Fr´echet 可微性的一些结果。特别地,在 k =1的情形下蕴含了关于范数的粗糙点、点态粗范数和粗范数的相应结果%  In this paper, the k- pointwise rough and k- rough norm on Banach space are introduced. By the method of Banach space theory, the some necessary and sufficient conditions of k- rough point of norm and k-rough norm of X are given respectively. We proved that (k + 1)- rough point is k- rough point and obtained some results related with k- rough point and Fr´echet differentiability. In particular, when k = 1 our results contains the results of about rough point of norm, pointwise rough norm and rough norm.

  12. Existence and Algorithm of Solutions for Mixed Equilibrium Problems and Bilevel Mixed Equilibrium Problems in Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xie Ping DING

    2012-01-01

    Some classes of mixed equilibrium problems and bilevel mixed equilibrium problems are introduced and studied in reflexive Banach spaces.First,by using a minimax inequality,some new existence results of solutious and the behavior of solution set for the mixed equilibrium problems and the bilevel mixed equilibrium problems are proved under suitable assumptions without the coercive conditions.Next,by using auxiliary principle technique,some new iterative algorithms for solving the mixed equilibrium problems and the bilevel mixed equilibrium problems are suggested and analyzed.The strong convergence of the iterative sequences generated by the proposed algorithms is proved under suitable assumptions without the coercive conditions.These results are new and generalize some recent results in this field.

  13. Hybrid Extragradient Methods for Finding Zeros of Accretive Operators and Solving Variational Inequality and Fixed Point Problems in Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lu-Chuan Ceng

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We introduce and analyze hybrid implicit and explicit extragradient methods for finding a zero of an accretive operator and solving a general system of variational inequalities and a fixed point problem of an infinite family of nonexpansive self-mappings in a uniformly convex Banach space X which has a uniformly Gateaux differentiable norm. We establish some strong convergence theorems for hybrid implicit and explicit extra-gradient algorithms under suitable assumptions. Furthermore, we derive the strong convergence of hybrid implicit and explicit extragradient algorithms for finding a common element of the set of zeros of an accretive operator and the common fixed point set of an infinite family of nonexpansive self-mappings and a self-mapping whose complement is strictly pseudocontractive and strongly accretive in X. The results presented in this paper improve, extend, supplement, and develop the corresponding results announced in the earlier and very recent literature.

  14. A Spectral Analysis of Linear Operator Pencils on Banach Spaces with Application to Quotient of Bounded Operators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bekkai Messirdi

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Let X and Y two complex Banach spaces and (A,B a pair of bounded linear operators acting on X with value on Y. This paper is concerned with spectral analysis ofthe pair (A;B: We establish some properties concerning the   spectrum of the linear operator pencils (A-lambda B when B is not necessarily invertible and lambda is a complex number. Also, we use the functional calculus for the pair (A,B to prove the corresponding spectral mapping theorem for (A,B. In addition, we define the generalized Kato essential spectrum and the closed range spectra of the pair (A,B and we give some relationships between this spectrums. As application, we describe a spectral analysis of quotient operators.

  15. Normal Structure and Antipodal Points in Banach Spaces%Banach空间的正规结构与对径点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高继

    2000-01-01

    Let X be a Banach space and S(X)={x∈X, ‖x‖=1} be the unit sphere of X. Four new parameters Jε(X)=sup{βε(x), x∈S(X)}, jε(X)=inf{βε(x), x∈S(X)}, Gε(X)=sup{αε(x),x∈S(X)}, and gε(X)=inf{αε(x),x∈S(X)} where βε(x)=sup{min{‖x+εy‖, ‖x-εy‖, y∈S(X)}}, and αε(x)=inf{max{‖x+εy‖, ‖x-εy‖, y∈S(X)}} 0ε1 and x∈S(X), are introduced and studied. The main result is that a Banach space X with Jε(X)<1+(ε)/(2), or gε(X)>1+(ε)/(3) for some 0ε1 has uniform normal structure.%假设S(X)是Banach空间X的单位球面,作者引进了四个新的几何参数:Jε(X)=sup{βε(x), x∈S(X)}, jε(X)=inf{βε(x), x∈S(X)}, Gε(X)=sup{αε(x),x∈S(X)}, gε(X)=inf{αε(x),x∈S(X)}, 其中0ε1,βε(x)=sup{min{‖x+εy‖, ‖x-εy‖, y∈S(X)}}, αε(x)=inf{max{‖x+εy‖, ‖x-εy‖, y∈S(X)}}. 讨论了这些参数的性质. 本文主要结果是:如果有一个ε, 0ε1,使得Jε(X)<1+(ε)/(2)或gε(X)>1+(ε)/(3),那末X有一致正规结构.

  16. Strong Convergence of a Hybrid Iteration Scheme for Equilibrium Problems, Variational Inequality Problems and Common Fixed Point Problems, of Quasi-ϕ-Asymptotically Nonexpansive Mappings in Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing Zhao

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We introduce an iterative algorithm for finding a common element of the set of common fixed points of a finite family of closed quasi-ϕ-asymptotically nonexpansive mappings, the set of solutions of an equilibrium problem, and the set of solutions of the variational inequality problem for a γ-inverse strongly monotone mapping in Banach spaces. Then we study the strong convergence of the algorithm. Our results improve and extend the corresponding results announced by many others.

  17. of Banach modules

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anousheh Fatemeh

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Let A be a Banach algebra, E be a Banach A-bimodule and Δ E → A be a bounded Banach A-bimodule homomorphism. It is shown that under some mild conditions, the weakΔ''-amenability of E'' (as an A''-bimodule necessitates weak Δ-amenability of E (as an A-bimodule. Some examples of weak-amenable Banach modules are provided as well.

  18. Some Extensions of Banach's Contraction Principle in Complete Cone Metric Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raja P

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In this paper we consider complete cone metric spaces. We generalize some definitions such as -nonexpansive and -uniformly locally contractive functions -closure, -isometric in cone metric spaces, and certain fixed point theorems will be proved in those spaces. Among other results, we prove some interesting applications for the fixed point theorems in cone metric spaces.

  19. Strong Convergence Theorems for a Generalized Mixed Equilibrium Problem and a Family of Total Quasi--Asymptotically Nonexpansive Multivalued Mappings in Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. F. Tan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this paper is by using a hybrid algorithm to find a common element of the set of solutions for a generalized mixed equilibrium problem, the set of solutions for variational inequality problems, and the set of common fixed points for a infinite family of total quasi--asymptotically nonexpansive multivalued mapping in a real uniformly smooth and strictly convex Banach space with Kadec-Klee property. The results presented in this paper improve and extend some recent results announced by some authors.

  20. CONTINUITY AND LINEARITY OF ADDITIVE DERIVATIONS OF NEST ALGEBRAS ON BANACH SPACES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HANDEGUANG

    1996-01-01

    This paper discusses the problem concerning the continuity and linearity of additive derivation of nest algebras on normed spaces. It is proved that erevy linear derivation of a nest algebra algN is continuous provided that one of the following conditions is satisfied:(1)0+(包含)0.(2)X-(包含于)X.(3)there exists a non-trivial idempotnet p in algN such that the range of p belongs to N, It is also proved that every additive derivation of a nest algebra is automatically linear if the underlying normed space is infinite dimemnsional.

  1. Variational Formulas of Poincaré-Type Inequalities in Banach Spaces of Functions on the Line

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mu Fa CHEN

    2002-01-01

    Motivated from the study on logarithmic Sobolev, Nash and other functional inequalities,spaces of functions on the line. Explicit criteria for the inequalities to hold and explicit estimatesfor the optimal constants in the inequalities are presented. As a typical application, the logarithmicSobolev constant is carefully examined.

  2. New Fixed Point Results with PPF Dependence in Banach Spaces Endowed with a Graph

    OpenAIRE

    Hussain, N.; S. Khaleghizadeh; P. Salimi; Akbar, F.

    2013-01-01

    We introduce the concept of an ${\\alpha }_{c}$ -admissible non-self-mappings with respect to ${\\eta }_{c}$ and establish the existence of PPF dependent fixed and coincidence point theorems for ${\\alpha }_{c}{\\eta }_{c}$ - $\\psi $ -contractive non-self-mappings in the Razumikhin class. As applications of our PPF dependent fixed point and coincidence point theorems, we derive some new fixed and coincidence point results for $\\psi $ -contractions whenever the range space is endowed with a graph ...

  3. Functional analysis and applied optimization in Banach spaces applications to non-convex variational models

    CERN Document Server

    Botelho, Fabio

    2014-01-01

    This book introduces the basic concepts of real and functional analysis. It presents the fundamentals of the calculus of variations, convex analysis, duality, and optimization that are necessary to develop applications to physics and engineering problems. The book includes introductory and advanced concepts in measure and integration, as well as an introduction to Sobolev spaces. The problems presented are nonlinear, with non-convex variational formulation. Notably, the primal global minima may not be attained in some situations, in which cases the solution of the dual problem corresponds to an appropriate weak cluster point of minimizing sequences for the primal one. Indeed, the dual approach more readily facilitates numerical computations for some of the selected models. While intended primarily for applied mathematicians, the text will also be of interest to engineers, physicists, and other researchers in related fields.

  4. Banach空间中极大单调算子零点的投影算法%Projection Scheme for Zero Points of Maximal Monotone Operators in Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏利; 周海云

    2008-01-01

    A new projection scheme with errors for zero points of maximal monotone operators is introduced and is proved to be strongly convergent to zero points of maximal monotone operators in Banach space by using the techniques of Lyapunov functional and generalized projection operator,etc.

  5. From Hahn-Banach to monotonicity

    CERN Document Server

    Simons, Stephen

    2008-01-01

    In this new edition of LNM 1693 the essential idea is to reduce questions on monotone multifunctions to questions on convex functions. However, rather than using a “big convexification” of the graph of the multifunction and the “minimax technique”for proving the existence of linear functionals satisfying certain conditions, the Fitzpatrick function is used. The journey begins with a generalization of the Hahn-Banach theorem uniting classical functional analysis, minimax theory, Lagrange multiplier theory and convex analysis and culminates in a survey of current results on monotone multifunctions on a Banach space. The first two chapters are aimed at students interested in the development of the basic theorems of functional analysis, which leads painlessly to the theory of minimax theorems, convex Lagrange multiplier theory and convex analysis. The remaining five chapters are useful for those who wish to learn about the current research on monotone multifunctions on (possibly non reflexive) Banach spac...

  6. Banach空间中含(H,η)单调算子变分包含组解的迭代法%Iterative Methods for Solving a System of variational Inclusions Involving (H,η)-Monotone Operators in Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    娄健; 何欣枫; 何震

    2009-01-01

    In this paper,we introduce and study a new system of variational inclusions involving (H,η)-monotone operators in Banach space.Using the resolvent operator associated with (H,η)-monotone operators,we prove the existence and uniqueness of solutions for this new system of variational inclusions.We also construct a new algorithm for approximating the solution of this system and discuss the convergence of the iterative sequence generated by the algorithm.

  7. Exponential Attractor for the Derivative Two dimensional Ginaburg-Landau Equation in Banach Spaces%二维广义Ginzburg-Landau方程在Banach空间的指数吸引子

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄健; 戴正德

    2004-01-01

    在本文中,我们在Banach空间考虑二维广义Ginzburg-Landau方程的指数吸引子,且得到其分形维度估计.%In this paper, we consider the exponential attractor for the derivative two - dimensional Ginzburg - Landau equation in Banach space Xαp and also obtain the estimation of the fractal dimension.

  8. Fréchet differential of a power series in Banach algebras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benedetto Silvestri

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We present two new forms in which the Fréchet differential of a power series in a unitary Banach algebra can be expressed in terms of absolutely convergent series involving the commutant \\(C(T : A \\mapsto [A,T]\\. Then we apply the results to study series of vector-valued functions on domains in Banach spaces and to the analytic functional calculus in a complex Banach space.

  9. A generalization of fixed point theorem in 2 -Banach space%2-Banach空间上不动点定理的一个推广

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朴勇杰; 沈京虎

    2011-01-01

    The definition and the relative concepts of a 2 -linear norm are introduced on a linear space and the definition of a class Φ of 5 - dimensional functions on R 5+ is given. A convergent sequence { xn } on a 2 - Banach space is constructed by an involution map T satisfying a class Φ of 5 dimensional functions on R 5+, and then the limit of the sequence { xn } being the fixed point of T is proved. The main result generalizes and improves the corresponding result obtained by M S Hhan and M D Hkan.%介绍了线性空间上的2-线性赋范的定义和相关概念并给出了R5+上的5-元函数类Φ的定义.利用2-Banach空间上满足5-元函数类Φ中的对合映射T构造出一类收敛的序列,并证明了该序列的极限正是T的不动点.主要结果推广和改进了由M S Hhan和M D Hkan得到的相应结果.

  10. An inner product for a Banach-algebra

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An inner product is defined on a commutative Banach algebra with an essential involution and the resultant inner product space is shown to be a topological algebra. Several conditions for its completeness are established and moreover, a decomposition theorem is proved. It is shown that every commutative Banach algebra with an essential involution has an auxiliary norm which turns it into an A*-algebra. (author). 6 refs

  11. A Generation Condition of Integrated Bisemigroup on Banach Space%Banach空间积分双半群的生成条件

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许跟起; 邵琛

    2002-01-01

    研究Banach空间中积分双半群的生成条件. 利用算子A的豫解算子,给出了积分双半群T(t)的生成定理. 结果表明:如果对任意的x∈X,f∈X*,以及()|λ|≤δ,λ∈ρ(A),有∈Lp(R),则存在算子族S(t), t∈R,S(t)强连续且满足积分双半群的定义.%The generation condition of integrated bisemigroup in Banach space is studied in this paper. Using the resolvent of operator A, a generation theorem of integrated bisemigroup T(t) is proved. The result is showed that if ()|λ|≤δ,λ∈ρ(A), and satisfy 〈∈Lp(R), for all x∈X, f∈X*, then there exists a family operators S(t), t∈R, which is strongly continuous and satisfies the definition of integrated bisemigroup.

  12. Iterative Algorithm with Mixed Errors for Solving a New System of Generalized Nonlinear Variational-Like Inclusions and Fixed Point Problems in Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Javad BALOOEE

    2013-01-01

    A new system of generalized nonlinear variational-like inclusions involving Amaximal m-relaxed η-accretive (so-called,(A,η)-accretive in [36]) mappings in q-uniformly smooth Banach spaces is introduced,and then,by using the resolvent operator technique associated with A-maximal m-relaxed η-accretive mappings due to Lan et al.,the existence and uniqueness of a solution to the aforementioned system is established.Applying two nearly uniformly Lipschitzian mappings S1 and S2 and using the resolvent operator technique associated with A-maximal m-relaxed η-accretive mappings,we shall construct a new perturbed N-step iterative algorithm with mixed errors for finding an element of the set of the fixed points of the nearly uniformly Lipschitzian mapping Q =(S1,S2) which is the unique solution of the aforesaid system.We also prove the convergence and stability of the iterative sequence generated by the suggested perturbed iterative algorithm under some suitable conditions.The results presented in this paper extend and improve some known results in the literature.

  13. Some C∗-algebras which are coronas of non-C∗-Banach algebras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voiculescu, Dan-Virgil

    2016-07-01

    We present results and motivating problems in the study of commutants of hermitian n-tuples of Hilbert space operators modulo normed ideals. In particular, the C∗-algebras which arise in this context as coronas of non-C∗-Banach algebras, the connections with normed ideal perturbations of operators, the hyponormal operators and the bidual Banach algebras one encounters are discussed.

  14. Fixed points of reflections of compact convex sets and a characterization of state spaces of Jordan Banach algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Ayupov, Sh A

    2011-01-01

    In the present article we prove a fixed point theorem for reflections of compact convex sets and give a new characterization of state space of JB-algebras among compact convex sets. Namely they are exactly those compact convex sets which are strongly spectral and symmetric.

  15. Fundamental aspects of vector-valued Banach limits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia-Pacheco, F. J.; Perez-Fernandez, F. J.

    2016-04-01

    This paper is divided into four parts. In the first we study the existence of vector-valued Banach limits and show that a real Banach space with a monotone Schauder basis admits vector-valued Banach limits if and only if it is 1-complemented in its bidual. In the second we prove two vector-valued versions of Lorentz' intrinsic characterization of almost convergence. In the third we show that the unit sphere in the space of all continuous linear operators from \\ell_∞(X) to X which are invariant under the shift operator on \\ell_∞(X) cannot be obtained via compositions of surjective linear isometries with vector-valued Banach limits. In the final part we show that if X enjoys the Krein-Milman property, then the set of vector-valued Banach limits is a face of the unit ball in the space of all continuous linear operators from \\ell_∞(X) to X which are invariant under the shift operator on \\ell_∞(X).

  16. Banach空间中渐近非扩张映象的Reich型均值迭代的强收敛性%Strong Convergence of Reich Mean Iterations for Asymptotically Nonexpansive Mappings in Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雄瑞

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, the author gives some convergence theorems of the sufficient and necessary conditions in determining the convergence of Reich type mean iteration for asymptotically nonexpansive mapping in Banach spaces, such as Hilbert spaces, and some implicit conditions of recent relative papers are deleted.%利用粘性逼近法在Hilbert空间以及lp(1<p≤2)等空间中给出了判定渐近非扩张非自射映象的Reich均值迭代强收敛的充要条件,并去掉了最近相关文献中的一些复杂条件.

  17. Derivations into Duals of Ideals of Banach Algebras

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    M E Gorgi; T Yazdanpanah

    2004-11-01

    We introduce two notions of amenability for a Banach algebra $\\mathcal{A}$. Let be a closed two-sided ideal in $\\mathcal{A}$, we say $\\mathcal{A}$ is -weakly amenable if the first cohomology group of $\\mathcal{A}$ with coefficients in the dual space * is zero; i.e., $H^1(\\mathcal{A},I^*) =\\{0\\}$, and, $\\mathcal{A}$ is ideally amenable if $\\mathcal{A}$ is -weakly amenable for every closed two-sided ideal in $\\mathcal{A}$. We relate these concepts to weak amenability of Banach algebras. We also show that ideal amenability is different from amenability and weak amenability. We study the -weak amenability of a Banach algebra $\\mathcal{A}$ for some special closed two-sided ideal .

  18. On the convexity and smoothness of Banach space and its application%Banach空间的凸性和光滑性及其应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方习年

    2001-01-01

    简要概述国际和国内 Banach空间理论的研究状况 , 综述对 Banach空间的凸性和光滑性所做的工作 : 用线性泛函的函数值作元素构成的行列式、单位球的切片、一致凸定义的形式以及特征函数等形式 ,分别刻划及定义空间的 k- 严格凸、 (局部 )k- 致凸、 k- 强凸、 (局部 )近 - 致凸、近强凸等凸性以及 (局部 )k- 致光滑 , k- 强光滑 (局部 )近 - 致光滑等光滑性 , 并讨论以上空间的关系及性质 ; 给出弱 Banach- Saks性质的新特征 , 引入 B- NUC和 g- NUCε空间概念证明 : 具有 Banach- Saks性质的近 - 致凸空间等价于 B- NUC空间、具有 Banach- Saks性质的 NUCε空间等价于 g- NUCε空间举例说明非 k- NUC空间的 B- NUC空间的存在性 ; 研究近强凸、近非常凸空间的几何性质、拓朴性质 , 并得到 : 近强凸空间中的度量投影具有上半连续性 , 近非常凸空间中的度量投影具有弱上半连续性

  19. Banach空间中发展方程的反周期边值问题%Anti-periodic Boundary Value Problem for a Class of Evolution Equation in Banach Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张育梅; 程毅; 王靖华

    2012-01-01

    利用同伦方法证明了一类发展方程反周期解在Banach空间中的存在性和唯一性.先构造同伦方程,再对方程做先验估计.最后通过定义解算子,运用拓扑度方法,给出了发展方程反周期解存在的充分条件.%We proved the existence and uniqueness of a class of evolution equation in Banach space using homotopy methods. We constructed a homotopy equation and made α priori, estimate to this equation. Under the definition solution operator conditions, a sufficient condition of existence of solutions was obtained by means of topological degree method.

  20. Fixed point theorems of Rothe and Altman type convex-power 1-set-contraction operators in Banach spaces%Banach空间中Rothe及Altman型凸幂1集压缩算子的不动点定理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵吕慧子; 孙经先

    2011-01-01

    The definition of a class of new operators, convex-power 1-set-contraction operators in Banach spaces is giv en , and the existence of fixed points of this class of operators is studied. By using methods of approximation by opera tors, the fixed point theorems of Rothe and Altman type convex-power 1-set-contraction operators is obtained, which generalize fixed point theorems of 1-set-contraction operators.%在Banach空间中给出了一类新算子——凸幂1集压缩算子的定义,研究了这类新算子不动点的存在性问题,利用算子逼近的方法,获得了Rothe及Altman型凸幂1集压缩算子的不动点定理,推广了1集压缩算子的不动点定理.

  1. Stability of functional equations in Banach algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Cho, Yeol Je; Rassias, Themistocles M; Saadati, Reza

    2015-01-01

    Some of the most recent and significant results on homomorphisms and derivations in Banach algebras, quasi-Banach algebras, C*-algebras, C*-ternary algebras, non-Archimedean Banach algebras and multi-normed algebras are presented in this book. A brief introduction for functional equations and their stability is provided with historical remarks. Since the homomorphisms and derivations in Banach algebras are additive and R-linear or C-linear, the stability problems for additive functional equations and additive mappings are studied in detail. The latest results are discussed and examined in stability theory for new functional equations and functional inequalities in Banach algebras and C*-algebras, non-Archimedean Banach algebras, non-Archimedean C*-algebras, multi-Banach algebras and multi-C*-algebras. Graduate students with an understanding of operator theory, functional analysis, functional equations and analytic inequalities will find this book useful for furthering their understanding and discovering the l...

  2. Homomorphisms in Quasi-Banach Algebras Associated with a Pexiderized Cauchy-Jensen Functional Equation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Abbas NAJATI

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we prove the generalized Hyers-Ulam stability of homomorphisms in quasi-Banach algebras associated with the following Pexiderized Jensen functional equation f(x+y/2+z)-g(x-y/2+z)=h(y).This is applied to investigating homomorphisms between quasi-Banach algebras. The concept of the generalized Hyers-Ulam stability originated from Rassias' stability theorem that appeared in his paper: On the stability of the linear mapping in Banach spaces, Proc. Amer. Math. Soe., 72, 297-300 (1978).

  3. The Banach-Tarski paradox

    CERN Document Server

    Wagon, Stan

    1985-01-01

    The Banach-Tarski paradox is a most striking mathematical construction: it asserts that a solid ball may be taken apart into finitely many pieces that can be rearranged using rigid motions to form a ball twice as large as the original. This volume explore

  4. Some notes on the vector valued functions in Banach space over complex field%关于复数域上Banach空间上的向量值函数的_些注记

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘玉波; 张凤敏; 苟长义

    2009-01-01

    首先证明了取值于Banach空间上强连续的向量值函数是可积分的;然后用初等方法证明了向量值函数的柯西积分公式和高阶导数公式;最后讨论了取值于lp(p≥1)空间上的向量值函数解析、可积、柯西积分公式和高阶导数公式与其各分量函数的关系和表示形式,并且给出了有限维赋范线性空间上的向量值函数连续、解析、可积、柯西定理、柯西积分公式和高阶导数公式与其各分量函数的关系和表示形式.%The strongly continuous vector valued functions in Banach space are proved integrable. The Cauchy integral for-mula and higher.derivative formula of vector-valued functions are proved using the elementary method. The relationship be-tween vector valued functions in the space of lp (p≥1) and their componential functions about analyticity, integrability, the Cauchy integral formula and higher derivative formula are discussed. And the relationship between vector valued functions in finite dimensional normed linear space and their componential functions about continuity, analyticity, integrability, Cauchys theorem, the Cauchy integral formula and higher derivative formula are also given.

  5. The Banach-Mazur-Schmidt game and the Banach-Mazur-McMullen game

    OpenAIRE

    Fishman, Lior; Reams, Vanessa; Simmons, David

    2015-01-01

    We introduce two new mathematical games, the Banach-Mazur-Schmidt game and the Banach-Mazur-McMullen game, merging well-known games. We investigate the properties of the games, as well as providing an application to Diophantine approximation theory, analyzing the geometric structure of certain Diophantine sets.

  6. Banach function algebras and certain polynomially norm-preserving maps

    OpenAIRE

    Hosseini, Maliheh; Sady, Fereshteh

    2012-01-01

    Let $A$ and $B$ be Banach function algebras on compact Hausdorff spaces $X$ and $Y$, respectively. Given a non-zero scalar $\\alpha$and $s,t\\in \\Bbb N$ we characterize the general form of suitable powers of surjective maps $T, T': A \\longrightarrow B$ satisfying $\\|(Tf)^s (T'g)^t-\\alpha\\|_Y=\\|f^s g^t-\\alpha \\|_X$, for all $f,g \\in A$, where $\\|\\cdot \\|_X$ and $\\|\\cdot \\|_Y$ denote the supremum norms on $X$ and $Y$, respectively. A similar result is given for the case where $T...

  7. Complemented Asymptotically Isometric Copies of c0 in Banach Spaces%Banach空间中的含c0的可补渐进等距copy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈东阳

    2005-01-01

    Asymptotically isometric versions of Sobczyk's theorem is given, and complemented asymptoti-cally isometric copies of C0 in vector-valued function spaces is discussed.%给出了Sobczyk定理的渐近等距版本,同时也在向量值函数空间中讨论含C0的可补渐进等距copy.

  8. Eventually and asymptotically positive semigroups on Banach lattices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daners, Daniel; Glück, Jochen; Kennedy, James B.

    2016-09-01

    We develop a theory of eventually positive C0-semigroups on Banach lattices, that is, of semigroups for which, for every positive initial value, the solution of the corresponding Cauchy problem becomes positive for large times. We give characterisations of such semigroups by means of spectral and resolvent properties of the corresponding generators, complementing existing results on spaces of continuous functions. This enables us to treat a range of new examples including the square of the Laplacian with Dirichlet boundary conditions, the bi-Laplacian on Lp-spaces, the Dirichlet-to-Neumann operator on L2 and the Laplacian with non-local boundary conditions on L2 within the one unified theory. We also introduce and analyse a weaker notion of eventual positivity which we call "asymptotic positivity", where trajectories associated with positive initial data converge to the positive cone in the Banach lattice as t → ∞. This allows us to discuss further examples which do not fall within the above-mentioned framework, among them a network flow with non-positive mass transition and a certain delay differential equation.

  9. Spectral theory of linear operators and spectral systems in Banach algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Müller, Vladimir

    2003-01-01

    This book is dedicated to the spectral theory of linear operators on Banach spaces and of elements in Banach algebras. It presents a survey of results concerning various types of spectra, both of single and n-tuples of elements. Typical examples are the one-sided spectra, the approximate point, essential, local and Taylor spectrum, and their variants. The theory is presented in a unified, axiomatic and elementary way. Many results appear here for the first time in a monograph. The material is self-contained. Only a basic knowledge of functional analysis, topology, and complex analysis is assumed. The monograph should appeal both to students who would like to learn about spectral theory and to experts in the field. It can also serve as a reference book. The present second edition contains a number of new results, in particular, concerning orbits and their relations to the invariant subspace problem. This book is dedicated to the spectral theory of linear operators on Banach spaces and of elements in Banach alg...

  10. On Riccati equations in Banach algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Curtain, Ruth F

    2010-01-01

    Let $R$ be a commutative complex Banach algebra with the involution $\\cdot ^\\star$ and suppose that $A\\in R^{n\\times n}$, $B\\in R^{n\\times m}$, $C\\in R^{p\\times n}$. The question of when the Riccati equation

  11. Admissibility of Linear Systems in Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Fa-ming

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, infinite-time p-admissibility of unbounded operators is introduced and the Co-semigroup characterization of the infinite-time p-admissibility of unbounded observation operators is given. Moreover, the analogous result for the infinite-time p-admissibility of unbounded control operators is presented.

  12. The Maslov index in symplectic Banach spaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Booss-Bavnbek, Bernhelm; Zhu, Chaofeng

    index. As an application, we consider curves of elliptic operators which have varying principal symbol, varying maximal domain and are not necessarily of Dirac type. For this class of operator curves, we derive a desuspension spectral ow formula for varying well-posed boundary conditions on manifolds...... such decompositions we dene the Maslov index of the curve by symplectic reduction to the classical nite-dimensional case. We prove the transitivity of repeated symplectic reductions and obtain the invariance of the Maslov index under symplectic reduction, while recovering all the standard properties of the Maslov...

  13. (2-1)-Ideal amenability of triangular banach algebras

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S Etemad; M Ettefagh

    2015-05-01

    Let $\\mathcal{A}$ and $\\mathcal{B}$ be two unital Banach algebras and let $\\mathcal{M}$ be an unital Banach $\\mathcal{A}$, $\\mathcal{B}$-module. Also, let $\\mathcal{T}=\\left[\\begin{smallmatrix} \\mathcal{A} & \\mathcal{M}\\\\ & \\mathcal{B}\\end{smallmatrix}\\right]$ be the corresponding triangular Banach algebra. Forrest and Marcoux (Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 354 (2002) 1435–1452) have studied the -weak amenability of triangular Banach algebras. In this paper, we investigate (2-1)-ideal amenability of $\\mathcal{T}$ for all ≥ 1. We introduce the structure of ideals of these Banach algebras and then, we show that (2-1)-ideal amenability of $\\mathcal{T}$ depends on (2-1)-ideal amenability of Banach algebras $\\mathcal{A}$ and $\\mathcal{B}$.

  14. Multipliers of Weighted Semigroups and Associated Beurling Banach Algebras

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S J Bhatt; P A Dabhi; H V Dedania

    2011-11-01

    Given a weighted discrete abelian semigroup $(S,)$, the semigroup $M_(S)$ of -bounded multipliers as well as the Rees quotient $M_(S)/S$ together with their respective weights $\\overline{}$ and $\\overline{}_q$ induced by are studied; for a large class of weights , the quotient $\\ell^1(M_(S),\\overline{})/\\ell^1(S,)$ is realized as a Beurling algebra on the quotient semigroup $M_(S)/S$; the Gel’fand spaces of these algebras are determined; and Banach algebra properties like semisimplicity, uniqueness of uniform norm and regularity of associated Beurling algebras on these semigroups are investigated. The involutive analogues of these are also considered. The results are exhibited in the context of several examples.

  15. Sifat Aljabar Banach Komutatif dan Elemen Identitas pada Kelas D(K

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malahayati Malahayati

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The first Baire class of bounded functions on separable metric spaces K denoted by B1(k. One of the most important subclass of B1(k is D(K, by D(K is denoted the class of all functions on K which are differences of bounded semicontinuous functions. In this paper we proved that D(K is abelian Banach algebra and identity element

  16. A Riemannian Geometry in the q-Exponential Banach Manifold Induced by q-Divergences

    OpenAIRE

    Loaiza Ossa, Gabriel Ignacio; Quiceno Echavarría, Héctor Román

    2013-01-01

    For the family of non-parametric q-exponential statistical models, in a former paper, written by the same authors, a differentiable Banach manifold modelled on Lebesgue spaces of real random variables has been built. In this paper, the geometry induced on this manifold is characterized by q-divergence functionals. This geometry turns out to be a generalization of the geometry given by Fisher information metric and Levi-Civita connections. Moreover, the classical Amari’s α-connections appears ...

  17. Supersets for the spectrum of elements in extended Banach algebras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morteza Seddighin

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available If A is a Banach Algebra with or without an identity, A can be always extended to a Banach algebra A¯ with identity, where A¯ is simply the direct sum of A and C, the algebra of complex numbers. In this note we find supersets for the spectrum of elements of A¯.

  18. Local conjugacy theorem, rank theorems in advanced calculus and a generalized principle for constructing Banach manifolds

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马吉溥

    2000-01-01

    Applications of locally fine property for operators are further developed. Let E and F be Banach spaces and f: U( x0) E—→F be C1 nonlinear map, where U (x0) is an open set containing point x0∈ E. With the locally fine property for Frechet derivatives f’ (x) and generalized rank theorem for f ’( x), a local conjugacy theorem, i. e. a characteristic condition for f being conjugate to f (x0) near x0,is proved. This theorem gives a complete answer to the local conjugacy problem. Consequently, several rank theorems in advanced calculus are established, including a theorem for C1 Fredholm map which has been so far unknown. Also with this property the concept of regular value is extended, which gives rise to a generalized principle for constructing Banach submanifolds.

  19. Local conjugacy theorem, rank theorems in advanced calculus and a generalized principle for constructing Banach manifolds

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Applications of locally fine property for operators are further developed. Let E and F be Banach spaces and f: be C1 nonlinear map, where U (x0) is an open set containing point x0∈E. With the locally fine property for Frechet derivatives f′(x) and generalized rank theorem for f′(x), a local conjugacy theorem, i.e. a characteristic condition for f being conjugate to f′(x0) near x0,is proved. This theorem gives a complete answer to the local conjugacy problem. Consequently, several rank theorems in advanced calculus are established, including a theorem for C1 Fredholm map which has been so far unknown. Also with this property the concept of regular value is extended, which gives rise to a generalized principle for constructing Banach submanifolds.

  20. Hyers-Ulam-Rassias stability of Jordan homomorphisms on Banach algebras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hirasawa Go

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available We prove that a Jordan homomorphism from a Banach algebra into a semisimple commutative Banach algebra is a ring homomorphism. Using a signum effectively, we can give a simple proof of the Hyers-Ulam-Rassias stability of a Jordan homomorphism between Banach algebras. As a direct corollary, we show that to each approximate Jordan homomorphism from a Banach algebra into a semisimple commutative Banach algebra there corresponds a unique ring homomorphism near to .

  1. A type (4) space in (FR)-classification

    CERN Document Server

    Argyros, Spiros A; Pelczar-Barwacz, Anna

    2012-01-01

    We present a reflexive Banach space with an unconditional basis which is quasi-minimal and tight by range, i.e. of type (4) in Ferenczi-Rosendal list within the framework of Gowers' classification program of Banach spaces. The space is an unconditional variant of the Gowers Hereditarily Indecomposable space with asymptotically unconditional basis.

  2. Very Smooth Points of Spaces of Operators

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    T S S R K Rao

    2003-02-01

    In this paper we study very smooth points of Banach spaces with special emphasis on spaces of operators. We show that when the space of compact operators is an -ideal in the space of bounded operators, a very smooth operator attains its norm at a unique vector (up to a constant multiple) and ( ) is a very smooth point of the range space. We show that if for every equivalent norm on a Banach space, the dual unit ball has a very smooth point then the space has the Radon–Nikodým property. We give an example of a smooth Banach space without any very smooth points.

  3. Ideal Amenability of Banach Algebras on Locally Compact Groups

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    M Eshaghi Gordji; S A R Hosseiniun

    2005-08-01

    In this paper we study the ideal amenability of Banach algebras. Let $\\mathcal{A}$ be a Banach algebra and let be a closed two-sided ideal in $\\mathcal{A}, \\mathcal{A}$ is -weakly amenable if $H^1(\\mathcal{A},I^∗)=\\{0\\}$. Further, $\\mathcal{A}$ is ideally amenable if $\\mathcal{A}$ is -weakly amenable for every closed two-sided ideal in $\\mathcal{A}$. We know that a continuous homomorphic image of an amenable Banach algebra is again amenable. We show that for ideal amenability the homomorphism property for suitable direct summands is true similar to weak amenability and we apply this result for ideal amenability of Banach algebras on locally compact groups.

  4. Amenability and Contractibility Modulo an Ideal of Banach Algebras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamidreza Rahimi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigate the concept of amenability modulo an ideal of Banach algebra, showing that amenability modulo an ideal can be characterized by the existence of virtual and approximate diagonal modulo an ideal. We also study the concept of contractible modulo an ideal of Banach algebra. As a consequence, we prove a version of Selivanov's theorem for a large class of semigroups, including E-inversive E-semigroup and eventually inverse semigroups.

  5. Banach空间中具数列的渐近非扩张型映像逼近序列的强收敛性%Strong convergence of approximated sequences for asympoticaiiy nonexpansive type mapping with sequence of number in banach spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向雪萍; 孟京华; 李红

    2011-01-01

    对具数列的渐近非扩张型映像T给出了修正的Ishikawa Reich-Takahashi迭代序列,讨论其对T的不动点的强收敛性.同时,给出了T有不动点且序列Sm(y)=(1-αm)x+αm Tm y强收敛到T的不动点的充分条件,其中x∈D,y∈D,D是Banach空间E中闭凸子集,αm∈[0.1],αm→1.改进和推广了近期一些文献的相关结果.%The modified lshikawa Reich-Takahashi Iterative sequances for asymptotically nonexpansive type mapping T with sequence of number were discussed, which had a strong convergence for the fixed point of T. The sufficient conditions of the existence of fixed point of T and some sequences Sm (y) = ( 1 - am ) x + am,Tmy converging to a fLxed point of T were derived, with D being an nonempty closed convex subset of a Banach space E,x,y ∈ D, am, ∈[ 0,1 ] and am→l. The outcome improved and extended some recent results.

  6. Modern methods in topological vector spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Wilansky, Albert

    2013-01-01

    Designed for a one-year course in topological vector spaces, this text is geared toward advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students of mathematics. The subjects involve properties employed by researchers in classical analysis, differential and integral equations, distributions, summability, and classical Banach and Frechét spaces. Optional problems with hints and references introduce non-locally convex spaces, Köthe-Toeplitz spaces, Banach algebra, sequentially barrelled spaces, and norming subspaces.Extensive introductory chapters cover metric ideas, Banach space, topological vect

  7. 关于Banach共轭算子和Hilbert共轭算子的讨论%Discussion on Banach conjugate operator and Hilbert conjugate operator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨纪华; 李艳秋

    2014-01-01

    Banach conjugate operator and Hilbert conjugate operator are two very important concepts in functional analysis. Hilbert space is a special Banach space,but the conjugate operator in Hilbert space does not follow the definition of conjugate operator in Banach space,and thevast majority textbooks don′t explain the reasons for this definition.Described the reason why conjugate operator in Hilbert space does not follow the definition of conjugate operator in Banach space,and discussed the relationship between the two operators.%Banach共轭算子和Hilbert共轭算子是泛函分析中两个非常重要的概念.Hilbert 空间是特殊的Banach空间,但Hilbert空间上的共轭算子没有沿用Banach空间上共轭算子的定义,并且绝大数教材都没有说明这样定义的原因.阐述了Hilbert空间上的共轭算子没有沿用Banach空间上共轭算子定义的原因,并讨论Hilbert空间中这两种算子的关系.

  8. Stability of -Jordan Homomorphisms from a Normed Algebra to a Banach Algebra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang-Hi Lee

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We establish the hyperstability of -Jordan homomorphisms from a normed algebra to a Banach algebra, and also we show that an -Jordan homomorphism between two commutative Banach algebras is an -ring homomorphism.

  9. Characterization of Generalized Derivations Associate with Hochschild 2-Cocycles on Triangular Banach Algebras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Kanani Arpatapeh∗

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Let A and B be unital Banach algebras and M be a left A-module and right B-module. We consider generalized derivations associate with Hochschild 2-cocycles on triangular Banach algebra T (related to A, B and M. We characterize this new version of generalized derivations on triangular Banach algebras and we obtain some results for l 1 − direct summands of Banach algebras

  10. Convexity and Banach-Saks Property%凸性和Banach-Saks性质

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方习年; 王建华

    2002-01-01

    该文引入ω-NUC空间、(k,k+l)-UR空间,证明了:ω-NUC空间具有Banach-Saks性质(B.S.P),从而推广了[1]中的结果,且包含[2]中相应的结果;2)严格凸的ω-NUC空间是ωR空间;3)k-UR空间是(k,k+l)-UR空间,(k,k+l)-UR空间是(k+l)-NUC空间,这个结论改进和包含了文[2]中的一个结果.

  11. Atomic Decompositions of Weak Hardy Spaces of B-Valued Martingales

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MA Tao; LIU Peide

    2006-01-01

    The atomic decompositions of weak Hardy spaces of Banach-space-valued martingales are given. With the help of the atomic decompositions, some inequalities for B-valued martingales are established in the case 0 < r≤ 1.Here the results are connected closely with the p-uniform smoothness and q-uniform convexity of Banach spaces which the martingales take values in.

  12. The relation of Banach-Alaoglu theorem and Banach-Bourbaki-Kakutani-mulian theorem in complete random normed modules to stratification structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Let (Ω,A,μ) be a probability space, K the scalar field R of real numbers or C of complex numbers,and (S,X) a random normed space over K with base (Ω,A,μ). Denote the support of (S,X) by E, namely E is the essential supremum of the set {A ∈ A : there exists an element p in S such that Xp(ω) > 0 for almost all ω in A}. In this paper, Banach-Alaoglu theorem in a random normed space is first established as follows: The random closed unit ball S*(1) = {f ∈ S* : Xf* 1} of the random conjugate space (S*,X*) of (S,X) is compact under the random weak star topology on (S*,X*) iff E∩A=: {E∩A | A ∈ A} is essentially purely μ-atomic (namely, there exists a disjoint family {An : n ∈ N} of at most countably many μ-atoms from E∩A such that E =∪n∞=1 An and for each element F in E∩A, there is an H in the σ-algebra generated by {An : n ∈ N} satisfying μ(F △H) = 0), whose proof forces us to provide a key topological skill, and thus is much more involved than the corresponding classical case. Further, Banach-Bourbaki-Kakutani-mulian (briefly, BBKS) theorem in a complete random normed module is established as follows: If (S,X) is a complete random normed module, then the random closed unit ball S(1) = {p ∈ S : Xp 1} of (S,X) is compact under the random weak topology on (S,X) iff both (S,X) is random reflexive and E∩A is essentially purely μ-atomic. Our recent work shows that the famous classical James theorem still holds for an arbitrary complete random normed module, namely a complete random normed module is random reflexive iff the random norm of an arbitrary almost surely bounded random linear functional on it is attainable on its random closed unit ball, but this paper shows that the classical Banach-Alaoglu theorem and BBKS theorem do not hold universally for complete random normed modules unless they possess extremely simple stratification structure, namely their supports are essentially purely μ-atomic. Combining the James theorem and

  13. The relation of Banach-Alaoglu theorem and Banach-Bourbaki-Kakutani-(S)mulian theorem in complete random normed modules to stratification structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO TieXin

    2008-01-01

    Let(Ω,A,μ)be a probability space,K the scalar field R of real numbers or C of complex numbers,and(S,X)a random normed space over K with base(Ω,A,μ).Denote the support of(S,X)by E,namely E is the essentiaI supremum of the ser {A∈A:there exists an element p in S such that Xp(ω)>0 for almost all ω in A}. In this paper,Banach-Alaoglu theorem in a random normed space is first established as follows:The random closed unit ball S*(1)={f∈S*:X*f≤1}of the random conjugate space(S*,x*)of(S,X)is compact under the random weak star topology on (S*,X*)iff E∩A=:{E∩A|A∈A}is essentially purely μ-atomic(namely,there exists a disjoint family{An:n∈N}of at most countably many μ-atoms from E∩A such that E=∪∞n=1 An and for each element F in E∩A,there is an H in the σ-algebra generated by{An:n∈N)satisfying μ(F△H)=0),whose proof forces us to provide a key topological skill,and thus is much more involved than the corresponding classical case.Further,Banach-Bourbaki-Kakutani-Smulian(briefly,BBKS)theorem in a complete random normed module is established as follows:If(S,X)is a complete random normed module,then the random closed unit ball S(1)={p∈S:Xp≤1}of(S,X)is compact under the random weak topology on(S,X)iff both(S,X)is random reflexive and E∩A is essentially purely μ-atomic.Our recent work shows that the famous classical James theorem still holds for an arbitrary complete random normed module,namely a complete random normed module is random reflexive iff the random norm of an arbitrary almost surely bounded random linear functional on it is attainable on its random closed unit ball,but this paper shows that the classical Banach-Alaoglu theorem and BBKS theorem do not hold universally for complete random normed modules unless they possess extremely simple stratification structure,namely their supports are essentially purely μ-atomic.Combining the James theorem and BBKS theorem in complete random normed modules leads directly to an interesting

  14. The Classical Integral Operators in Weighted Lorentz Spaces with Variable Exponent.

    OpenAIRE

    D.M. Israfilov; N.P. Tuzkaya

    2006-01-01

    In this paper the Lorentz spaces with variable exponent are introduced. These Banach function spaces are defined on the base of variable Lebesgue spaces. Boundedness of classical integral operators are proved in variable Lorentz spaces.

  15. Almost Lie structures on an anchored Banach bundle

    CERN Document Server

    Cabau, Patrick

    2011-01-01

    Under appropriate assumptions, we generalize the concept of linear almost Poisson struc- tures, almost Lie algebroids, almost differentials in the framework of Banach anchored bundles and the relation between these objects. We then obtain an adapted formalism for mechanical systems which is illustrated by the evolutionary problem of the "Hilbert snake"

  16. Approximately Linear Mappings in Banach Modules over a C*-algebra

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Choonkil PARK; Jian Lian CUI

    2007-01-01

    Let X and Y be vector spaces. The authors show that a mapping f: X → Y satisfies the functional equation 2df(∑2dj=1(-1)j+1xj/2d)=∑2dj=1(-1)j+1f(xj) with f(0) = 0 if and only if the mapping f: X → Y is Cauchy additive, and prove the stability of the functional equation (++) in Banach modules over a unital C*-algebra, and in Poisson Banach modules over a unital Poisson C*-algebra. Let A and B be unital C*-algebras, Poisson C*-algebras or Poisson JC*-algebras. As an application, the authors show that every almost homomorphism h: A → B of A into B is a homomorphism when h((2d-1)nuy) = h((2d-1)nu)h(y) or h((2d-1)nuoy) = h((2d-1)nu)oh(y) for all unitaries u ∈ A, all y ∈ A, n= 0, 1, 2,....Moreover, the authors prove the stability of homomorphisms in C*-algebras, Poisson C*-algebras or Poisson JC*-algebras.

  17. The smooth Banach submanifold B*(E,F) in B(E,F)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Let E,F be two Banach spaces,B(E,F),B+(E,F),Φ(E,F),SΦ(E,F) and R(E,F) be bounded linear,double splitting,Fredholm,semi-Frdholm and finite rank operators from E into F,respectively. Let Σ be any one of the following sets:{T ∈Φ(E,F):Index T=constant and dim N(T)=constant},{T ∈ SΦ(E,F):either dim N(T)=constant< ∞ or codim R(T)=constant< ∞} and {T ∈ R(E,F):Rank T=constant< ∞}. Then it is known that Σ is a smooth submanifold of B(E,F) with the tangent space TAΣ={B ∈ B(E,F):BN(A)-R(A) } for any A ∈Σ. However,for B*(E,F)={T ∈ B+(E,F):dimN(T)=codimR(T)= ∞} without the characteristic numbers,dimN(A) ,codimR(A) ,index(A) and Rank(A) of the equivalent classes above,it is very diffcult to find which class of operators in B*(E,E) forms a smooth submanifold of B(E,F) . Fortunately,we find that B*(E,F) is just a smooth submanifold of B(E,F) with the tangent space TAB*(E,F)={T ∈ B(E,F) :T N(A) -R(A) } for each A ∈ B*(E,F) . Thus the geometric construction of B+(E,F) is obtained,i.e.,B+(E,F) is a smooth Banach submanifold of B(E,F) ,which is the union of the previous smooth submanifolds disjoint from each other. Meanwhile we give a smooth submanifold S(A) of B(E,F) ,modeled on a fixed Banach space and containing A for any A ∈ B+(E,F) . To end these,results on the generalized inverse perturbation analysis are generalized. Specially,in the case E=F=Rn,it is obtained that the set Σr of all n × n matrices A with Rank(A)=r < n is an arcwise connected and smooth hypersurface(submanifold) in B(Rn) with dimΣr=2nr-r2. Then a new geometrical construction of B(Rn) ,analogous to B+(E,F) ,is given besides its analysis and algebra constructions known well.

  18. Functional Inequalities in Non-Archimedean Normed Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Choonkil PARK

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we introduce an additive functional inequality and a quadratic functional inequality in normed spaces, and prove the Hyers–Ulam stability of the functional inequalities in Ba-nach spaces. Furthermore, we introduce an additive functional inequality and a quadratic functional inequality in non-Archimedean normed spaces, and prove the Hyers–Ulam stability of the functional inequalities in non-Archimedean Banach spaces.

  19. The Socle and Finite Dimensionality of some Banach Algebras

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ali Ghaffari; Ali Reza Medghalchi

    2005-08-01

    The purpose of this note is to describe some algebraic conditions on a Banach algebra which force it to be finite dimensional. One of the main results in Theorem 2 which states that for a locally compact group , is compact if there exists a measure in $\\mathrm{Soc} (L^1(G))$ such that () ≠ 0. We also prove that is finite if $\\mathrm{Soc}(M(G))$ is closed and every nonzero left ideal in () contains a minimal left ideal.

  20. Noncommutative spectral synthesis for the involutive Banach algebra associated with a topological dynamical system

    CERN Document Server

    de Jeu, Marcel

    2012-01-01

    If X is a compact Hausdorff space, supplied with a homeomorphism, then a crossed product involutive Banach algebra is naturally associated with these data. If X consists of one point, then this algebra is the group algebra of the integers. In this paper, we study spectral synthesis for the closed ideals of this associated algebra in two versions, one modeled after C(X), and one modeled after the group algebra of the integers. We identify the closed ideals which are equal to (what is the analogue of) the kernel of their hull, and determine when this holds for all closed ideals, i.e., when spectral synthesis holds. In both models, this is the case precisely when the homeomorphism has no periodic points.

  1. On the Banach $*$-algebra crossed product associated with a topological dynamical system

    CERN Document Server

    Svensson, Christian

    2009-01-01

    Given an arbitrary topological dynamical system $\\Sigma = (X, \\sigma)$, where $X$ is a compact Hausdorff space and $\\sigma$ a homeomorphism of $X$, we introduce and analyze the associated Banach $*$-algebra crossed product $\\ell^1 (\\Sigma)$. The $C^*$-envelope of this algebra is the usual $C^*$-crossed product of $C(X)$ by the integers under the automorphism of $C(X)$ induced by $\\sigma$. While the connections between the structure of this $C^*$-algebra and the properties of $\\Sigma$ are well-studied, such considerations concerning $\\ell^1 (\\Sigma)$ are new. We derive equivalences between topological dynamical properties of $\\Sigma$ and structural properties of $\\ell^1 (\\Sigma)$ that have well-known analogues in the $C^*$-algebra context, but also obtain a result on this so-called interplay whose counterpart in the case of $C^* (\\Sigma)$ is false.

  2. Lectures given at the Banach Center and C.I.M.E. Joint Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    Lachowicz, Mirosław

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this volume that presents Lectures given at a joint CIME and Banach Center Summer School, is to offer a broad presentation of a class of updated methods providing a mathematical framework for the development of a hierarchy of models of complex systems in the natural sciences, with a special attention to Biology and Medicine. Mastering complexity implies sharing different tools requiring much higher level of communication between different mathematical and scientific schools, for solving classes of problems of the same nature. Today more than ever, one of the most important challenges derives from the need to bridge parts of a system evolving at different time and space scales, especially with respect to computational affordability. As a result the content has a rather general character; the main role is played by stochastic processes, positive semigroups, asymptotic analysis, kinetic theory, continuum theory and game theory.

  3. Tools for analysis of Dirac structures on banach spaces

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Iftime, Orest V.; Sandovici, Adrian; Golo, Goran

    2005-01-01

    Power-conserving and Dirac structures are known as an approach to mathematical modeling of physical engineering systems. In this paper connections between Dirac structures and well known tools from standard functional analysis are presented. The analysis can be seen as a possible starting framework

  4. Stochastic antiderivational equations on non-Archimedean Banach spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. V. Ludkovsky

    2003-01-01

    non-Archimedean fields are investigated. Theorems about existence and uniqueness of the solutions are proved under definite conditions. In particular, Wiener processes are considered in relation to the non-Archimedean analog of the Gaussian measure.

  5. SMOOTH AND PATH CONNECTED BANACH SUBMANIFOLD ∑r OF B(E,F) AND A DIMENSION FORMULA IN B(IRn,IRm)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jipu Ma

    2008-01-01

    Given two Banach spaces E, F, let B(E, F) be the set of all bounded linear oper-ators from E into F, ∑r the set of all operators of finite rank r in B(E, F), and ∑#r the number of path connected components of ∑r. It is known that ∑r is a smooth Banach submani-fold in B(E, F) with given expression of its tangent space at each A ∈∑r. In this paper, the equality ∑#r = 1 is proved. Consequently, the following theorem is obtained: for any non-negative integer r, ∑r is a smooth and path connected Banach submanifold in B(E, F) with the tangent space TA∑r={B∈B(E,F): BN(A) R(A)} at each A∈∑r if dim F = ∞. Note that the routine method can hardly be applied here. So in addition to the nice topological and geometric property of ∑r the method presented in this paper is also interesting. As an application of this result, it is proved that if E = IRn and F = IRm, then ∑r is a smooth and path connected submanifold of B(IRn,IRm) and its dimension is dim ∑r = (m + n)r- r2 for each r, 0 ≤ r < min{n,m}.

  6. Convolution and Involution on Function Spaces of Homogeneous Spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Farashahi, Arash Ghaani

    2012-01-01

    Let $G$ be a locally compact group and also let $H$ be a compact subgroup of $G$. It is shown that, if $\\mu$ is a relatively invariant measure on $G/H$ then there is a well-defined convolution on $L^1(G/H,\\mu)$ such that the Banach space $L^1(G/H,\\mu)$ becomes a Banach algebra. We also find a generalized definition of this convolution for other $L^p$-spaces. Finally, we show that various types of involutions can be considered on $G/H$.

  7. Constructive and Computable Hahn-Banach Theorems for the (Second) Fundamental Theorem of Welfare Economics

    OpenAIRE

    Vela Velupillai, K.

    2014-01-01

    The Hahn-Banach Theorem plays a crucial role in the second fundamental theorem of welfare economics. To date, all mathematical economics and advanced general equilibrium textbooks concentrate on using nonconstructive or incomputable versions of this celebrated theorem. In this paper we argue for the introduction of constructive or computable Hahn-Banach theorems in mathematical economics and advanced general equilibrium theory. The suggested modification would make applied and policy-oriented...

  8. DIFFERENTIABILITY OF CONVEX FUNCTIONS ON SUBLINEAR TOPOLOGICAL SPACES AND VARIATIONAL PRINCIPLES IN LOCALLY CONVEX SPACES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENG LIXIN; TENG YANMEI

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a type of variational principles for real valued w* lower semicon tinuous functions on certain subsets in duals of locally convex spaces, and resolve a problem concerning differentiability of convex functions on general Banach spaces. They are done through discussing differentiability of convex functions on nonlinear topological spaces and convexification of nonconvex functions on topological linear spaces.

  9. Geometry of Müntz spaces and related questions

    CERN Document Server

    Gurariy, Vladimir

    2005-01-01

    Starting point and motivation for this volume is the classical Muentz theorem which states that the space of all polynomials on the unit interval, whose exponents have too many gaps, is no longer dense in the space of all continuous functions. The resulting spaces of Muentz polynomials are largely unexplored as far as the Banach space geometry is concerned and deserve the attention that the authors arouse. They present the known theorems and prove new results concerning, for example, the isomorphic and isometric classification and the existence of bases in these spaces. Moreover they state many open problems. Although the viewpoint is that of the geometry of Banach spaces they only assume that the reader is familiar with basic functional analysis. In the first part of the book the Banach spaces notions are systematically introduced and are later on applied for Muentz spaces. They include the opening and inclination of subspaces, bases and bounded approximation properties and versions of universality.

  10. Remark on Regularity of Continuous Operators on AL-Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯勋省; 陈滋利

    2004-01-01

    Let E and F be Banach lattices. It is known that if every continuous linear operator from E into F is regular, then, under some mild assumptions on E or F, either E is lattice isomorphic to an AL-space or F is lattice isomorphic to an AM-space. Here we present a characterization on an AL-space E such that every bounded linear operator from E into a Banach lattice is regular. A counterexample is also provided, which shows that the results are unexpected even if the domain is an AL-space or the range space is an AM-space.

  11. Approximately -Jordan Homomorphisms on Banach Algebras

    OpenAIRE

    Karimi T; Kaboli Gharetapeh S; Gordji MEshaghi

    2009-01-01

    Let , and let be two rings. An additive map is called -Jordan homomorphism if for all . In this paper, we establish the Hyers-Ulam-Rassias stability of -Jordan homomorphisms on Banach algebras. Also we show that (a) to each approximate 3-Jordan homomorphism from a Banach algebra into a semisimple commutative Banach algebra there corresponds a unique 3-ring homomorphism near to , (b) to each approximate -Jordan homomorphism between two commutative Banach algebras there corresp...

  12. -Metric Space: A Generalization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farshid Khojasteh

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We introduce the notion of -metric as a generalization of a metric by replacing the triangle inequality with a more generalized inequality. We investigate the topology of the spaces induced by a -metric and present some essential properties of it. Further, we give characterization of well-known fixed point theorems, such as the Banach and Caristi types in the context of such spaces.

  13. Nearly Quadratic n-Derivations on Non-Archimedean Banach Algebras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madjid Eshaghi Gordji

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Let n>1 be an integer, let A be an algebra, and X be an A-module. A quadratic function D:A→X is called a quadratic n-derivation if D(∏i=1nai=D(a1a22⋯an2+a12D(a2a32⋯an2+⋯+a12a22⋯an−12D(an for all a1,...,an∈A. We investigate the Hyers-Ulam stability of quadratic n-derivations from non-Archimedean Banach algebras into non-Archimedean Banach modules by using the Banach fixed point theorem.

  14. Functional calculus and *-regularity of a class of Banach algebras II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, Chi-Wai; Ng, Chi-Keung

    2006-10-01

    In this article, we define a natural Banach *-algebra for a C*-dynamical system (A,G,[alpha]) which is slightly bigger than L1(G;A) (they are the same if A is finite-dimensional). We will show that this algebra is *-regular if G has polynomial growth. The main result in this article extends the two main results in [C.W. Leung, C.K. Ng, Functional calculus and *-regularity of a class of Banach algebras, Proc. Amer. Math. Soc., in press].

  15. Fixed Points of Non-expansive Operators on Weakly Cauchy Normed Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahar M. Ali

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available We proved the existence of fixed points of non-expansive operators defined on weakly Cauchy spaces in which parallelogram law holds, the given normed space is not necessarily be uniformly convex Banach space or Hilbert space, we reduced the completeness and the uniform convexity assumptions which imposed on the given normed space.

  16. The Intuitionistic Fuzzy Normed Space of Coefficients

    OpenAIRE

    Bilalov, B. T.; S. M. Farahani; Guliyeva, F. A.

    2012-01-01

    Intuitionistic fuzzy normed space is defined using concepts of $t$ -norm and $t$ -conorm. The concepts of fuzzy completeness, fuzzy minimality, fuzzy biorthogonality, fuzzy basicity, and fuzzy space of coefficients are introduced. Strong completeness of fuzzy space of coefficients with regard to fuzzy norm and strong basicity of canonical system in this space are proved. Strong basicity criterion in fuzzy Banach space is presented in terms of coefficient operator.

  17. Solvability of the $H^\\infty$ algebraic Riccati equation in Banach algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Sasane, Amol

    2011-01-01

    Let $R$ be a commutative complex unital semisimple Banach algebra with the involution $\\cdot ^\\star$. Sufficient conditions are given for the existence of a stabilizing solution to the $H^\\infty$ Riccati equation when the matricial data has entries from $R$. Applications to spatially distributed systems are discussed.

  18. Stability of a Bi-Additive Functional Equation in Banach Modules Over a C⋆-Algebra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Won-Gil Park

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We solve the bi-additive functional equation f(x+y,z−w+f(x−y,z+w=2f(x,z−2f(y,w and prove that every bi-additive Borel function is bilinear. And we investigate the stability of a bi-additive functional equation in Banach modules over a unital C⋆-algebra.

  19. Survey on nonlocal games and operator space theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This review article is concerned with a recently uncovered connection between operator spaces, a noncommutative extension of Banach spaces, and quantum nonlocality, a striking phenomenon which underlies many of the applications of quantum mechanics to information theory, cryptography, and algorithms. Using the framework of nonlocal games, we relate measures of the nonlocality of quantum mechanics to certain norms in the Banach and operator space categories. We survey recent results that exploit this connection to derive large violations of Bell inequalities, study the complexity of the classical and quantum values of games and their relation to Grothendieck inequalities, and quantify the nonlocality of different classes of entangled states

  20. Survey on nonlocal games and operator space theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palazuelos, Carlos; Vidick, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    This review article is concerned with a recently uncovered connection between operator spaces, a noncommutative extension of Banach spaces, and quantum nonlocality, a striking phenomenon which underlies many of the applications of quantum mechanics to information theory, cryptography, and algorithms. Using the framework of nonlocal games, we relate measures of the nonlocality of quantum mechanics to certain norms in the Banach and operator space categories. We survey recent results that exploit this connection to derive large violations of Bell inequalities, study the complexity of the classical and quantum values of games and their relation to Grothendieck inequalities, and quantify the nonlocality of different classes of entangled states.

  1. Survey on nonlocal games and operator space theory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Palazuelos, Carlos, E-mail: cpalazue@mat.ucm.es [Instituto de Ciencias Matemáticas (ICMAT), Facultad de Ciencias Matemáticas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid (Spain); Vidick, Thomas, E-mail: vidick@cms.caltech.edu [Department of Computing and Mathematical Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)

    2016-01-15

    This review article is concerned with a recently uncovered connection between operator spaces, a noncommutative extension of Banach spaces, and quantum nonlocality, a striking phenomenon which underlies many of the applications of quantum mechanics to information theory, cryptography, and algorithms. Using the framework of nonlocal games, we relate measures of the nonlocality of quantum mechanics to certain norms in the Banach and operator space categories. We survey recent results that exploit this connection to derive large violations of Bell inequalities, study the complexity of the classical and quantum values of games and their relation to Grothendieck inequalities, and quantify the nonlocality of different classes of entangled states.

  2. A unified theory of cone metric spaces and its applications to the fixed point theory

    CERN Document Server

    Proinov, Petko D

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we develop a unified theory for cone metric spaces over a solid vector space. As an application of the new theory we present full statements of the iterated contraction principle and the Banach contraction principle in cone metric spaces over a solid vector space.

  3. 2-Local derivations on matrix algebras over semi-prime Banach algebras and on AW*-algebras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayupov, Shavkat; Kudaybergenov, Karimbergen

    2016-03-01

    The paper is devoted to 2-local derivations on matrix algebras over unital semi-prime Banach algebras. For a unital semi-prime Banach algebra A with the inner derivation property we prove that any 2-local derivation on the algebra M 2n (A), n ≥ 2, is a derivation. We apply this result to AW*-algebras and show that any 2-local derivation on an arbitrary AW*-algebra is a derivation.

  4. Nonlinear potentials in function spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Rao, Murali; Vondraček, Zoran

    2002-01-01

    We introduce a framework for a nonlinear potential theory without a kernel on a reflexive, strictly convex and smooth Banach space of functions. Nonlinear potentials are defined as images of nonnegative continuous linear functionals on that space under the duality mapping. We study potentials and reduced functions by using a variant of the Gauss-Frostman quadratic functional. The framework allows a development of other main concepts of nonlinear potential theory such as capa...

  5. ON TOPOLOGICAL LINEAR CONTRACTIONS ON NORMED SPACES AND APPLICATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHIHMAU-HSIAN; TAMPING-KWAN; TANKOK-KEONG

    1999-01-01

    Shlnultaneous contractificttions, simultaneous proper contractification8 and scxnlgroup(countable family or finite family) of commuting operators and of non-commuting operatorsare first given. Characterizations are given for single bounded llner operator being a topo-logical proper contraction. By using complexification of a real Banach space and by applying afixed point theorem of Edelstein, it is shown that every compact topological strict contractionon a Banach space is a topological proper contraction. Finally, results on simultaneous propercontractification are applied to study the stability of a common fixed point of maps which areFr6chet differentiable at that point.

  6. On Fixed-point theorems in Intuitionistic Fuzzy metric Space

    CERN Document Server

    Samanta, T K; Jebril, Iqbal H

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, first we have established two sets of sufficient conditions for a mapping to have unique fixed point in a intuitionistic fuzzy metric space and then we have redefined the contraction mapping in a intuitionistic fuzzy metric space and thereafter we proved the Banach Fixed Point theorem.

  7. Certain Fixed Point Theorems and Application to the Fractal Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ji You-qing; Ri Song-il

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we present some important generalizations of the Banach contraction principle, in which the Lipschitz constant k is replaced by some real-valued control function. For the applications to the fractal space, we obtain the fixed point theorem of the some generalized contraction in the space of fractals.

  8. On the injective tensor product of M-embedded spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. S. S. R. K. Rao

    1993-05-01

    Full Text Available We exhibit classes of Banach spaces X which are M-embedded i.e., when X is canonically embedded in X**. X is an M-ideal in X**, for which the injective tensor product is again an M-embedded space.

  9. Star product realizations of kappa-Minkowski space

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Durhuus, Bergfinnur; Sitarz, Andrzej

    2013-01-01

    We define a family of star products and involutions associated with κ -Minkowski space. Applying corresponding quantization maps we show that these star products restricted to a certain space of Schwartz functions have isomorphic Banach algebra completions. For two particular star products...

  10. A note on mutiplication operators on Köthe-Bochner spaces

    OpenAIRE

    S. S. Khurana

    2012-01-01

    Let (Ω, A, μ) is a finite measure space, E an order continuous Banach function space over μ, X a Banach space and E(X) the Köthe-Bochner space. A new simple proof is given of the result that a continuous linear operator T: E(X) ® E(X) is a multiplication operator (by a function in L¥) iff T(g x) =g x for everyg Î L¥, f Î E(X), x Î X, x* Î X*.

  11. THE BANACH-SAKS PROPERTY AND NEARLY UNIFORM CONVEXITY, COMPACT FULLY CONVEXITY%Banach-Saks性质与近一致凸、紧完全凸性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方习年

    2001-01-01

    本文通过引入B-NUC Banach空间及WB性质,进一步研究Banach-Saks性质(BSP)与近一致凸及紧完全凸性之间的关系.得到以下主要结果: 1)Banach空间X具有WB性质当且仅当X具有WBanach-Saks性质(WBSP); 2)X是B-NUC空间当且仅当X是具BSP的NUC空间; 3)若X具BSP及(H)性质,则X是CωR空间(紧完全ω-凸空间).

  12. The isometric extension of “into” mappings on unit spheres of AL-spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we show that if V0 is an isometric mapping from the unit sphere of an AL-space onto the unit sphere of a Banach space E, then V0 can be extended to a linear isometry defined on the whole space.

  13. Nieto-Lopez theorems in ordered metric spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Turinici, Mihai

    2011-01-01

    The comparison type version of the fixed point result in ordered metric spaces established by Nieto and Rodriguez-Lopez [Acta Math. Sinica (English Series), 23 (2007), 2205-2212] is nothing but a particular case of the classical Banach's contraction principle [Fund. Math., 3 (1922), 133-181].

  14. THE FUNCTIONAL DIMENSION OF SOME CLASSES OF SPACES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU SHANGPING; LI BINGREN

    2005-01-01

    The functional dimension of countable Hilbert spaces has been discussed by some authors. They showed that every countable Hilbert space with finite functional dimension is nuclear. In this paper the authors do further research on the functional dimension, and obtain the following results: (1) They construct a countable Hilbert space, which is nuclear, but its functional dimension is infinite. (2) The functional dimension of a Banach space is finite if and only if this space is finite dimensional. (3)Let B be a Banach space, B* be its dual, and denote the weak * topology of B* by σ(B*, B). Then the functional dimension of (B*, σ(B*, B)) is 1. By the third result, a class of topological linear spaces with finite functional dimension is presented.

  15. Existence Results for Some Nonlinear Functional-Integral Equations in Banach Algebra with Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lakshmi Narayan Mishra

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In the present manuscript, we prove some results concerning the existence of solutions for some nonlinear functional-integral equations which contains various integral and functional equations that considered in nonlinear analysis and its applications. By utilizing the techniques of noncompactness measures, we operate the fixed point theorems such as Darbo's theorem in Banach algebra concerning the estimate on the solutions. The results obtained in this paper extend and improve essentially some known results in the recent literature. We also provide an example of nonlinear functional-integral equation to show the ability of our main result.

  16. On prime and semiprime rings with generalized derivations and non-commutative Banach algebras

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    MOHD ARIF RAZA; NADEEM UR REHMAN

    2016-08-01

    Let $R$ be a prime ring of characteristic different from 2 and $m$ a fixed positive integer. If $R$ admits a generalized derivation associated with a nonzero deviation $d$ such that $[F(x), d(y)]_m = [x, y]$ for all $x$, $y$ in some appropriate subset of $R$, then $R$ is commutative. Moreover, we also examine the case $R$ is a semiprime ring. Finally, we apply the above result to Banach algebras, and we obtain a non-commutative version of the Singer--Werner theorem.

  17. Kolmogorov's ε-Entropy of Bounded Sets in Discrete Spaces and Attractors of Dissipative Lattice Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sheng Fan ZHOU; Qiu Li JIA; Wei SHI

    2007-01-01

    We obtain an estimate of the upper bound for Kolmogorov's ε-entropy for the bounded sets with small "tail" in discrete spaces, then we present a sufficient condition for the existence of a global attractor for dissipative lattice systems in a reflexive Banach discrete space and establish an upper bound of Kolmogorov's ε-entropy of the global attractor for lattice systems.

  18. On the Hahn-Banach theorem for Hilbert C*-modules

    CERN Document Server

    Frank, M

    1996-01-01

    We show that for a given C*-algebra A and for any pair of Hilbert A-modules {{M, }, N subset of M} every bounded A-linear mapping r: N --> A can be continued to a bounded A-linear mapping r': M --> A so that (i) ||r||=||r'||, (ii) r' restricted to N equals r, and (iii) the extended mappings of N' form a Banach $A$-submodule of M' wherein the extensions {r'_n : n in N} of the standardly embedded mappings {r_n = : n in N} subset of M' coincide with the latter, if and only if the multiplier C*-algebra M(A) of A is monotone complete, if and only if the multiplier C*-algebra M(A) of A is additively complete. In this case the restrictions of the extended mappings r' \\in M' to the orthogonal complement of N with respect to M equal zero automatically. This generalized Hahn-Banach theorem is valid for a particular pair {M, N subset of M} of Hilbert A-modules over arbitrary C*-algebras A if and only if the bi-orthogonal complement N^{\\bot\\bot} of the Hilbert A-submodule N taken with respect to the A-bidual Hilbert A-m...

  19. STABILITY AND SUPERSTABILITY OF JORDAN HOMOMORPHISMS AND JORDAN DERIVATIONS ON BANACH ALGEBRAS AND C*-ALGEBRAS: A FIXED POINT APPROACH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    M. Eshaghi Gordji; A. Najati; A. Ebadian

    2011-01-01

    Using fixed point methods,we prove the Hyers-Ulam-Rassias stability and superstability of Jordan homomorphisms (Jordan *-homomorphisms),and Jordan derivations (Jordan *-derivations) on Banach algebras (C*-algebras) for the generalized Jensen-type functional equationrf(x+g/r)+rf(x-g/r)=2f(x)where r is a fixed positive real number in (1,∞).

  20. Isometric Reflection Vectors and Characterizations of Hilbert Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donghai Ji

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A known characterization of Hilbert spaces via isometric reflection vectors is based on the following implication: if the set of isometric reflection vectors in the unit sphere SX of a Banach space X has nonempty interior in SX, then X is a Hilbert space. Applying a recent result based on well-known theorem of Kronecker from number theory, we improve this by substantial reduction of the set of isometric reflection vectors needed in the hypothesis.

  1. Lipschitz spaces and bounded mean oscillation of harmonic mappings

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Sh; Vuorinen, M; Wang, X

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we first study the bounded mean oscillation of planar harmonic mappings, then a relationship between Lipschitz-type spaces and equivalent modulus of real harmonic mappings is established. At last, we obtain sharp estimates on Lipschitz number of planar harmonic mappings in terms of bounded mean oscillation norm, which shows that the harmonic Bloch space is isomorphic to $BMO_{2}$ as a Banach space.

  2. Operators on Hilbert space

    CERN Document Server

    Sunder, V S

    2016-01-01

    The primarily objective of the book is to serve as a primer on the theory of bounded linear operators on separable Hilbert space. The book presents the spectral theorem as a statement on the existence of a unique continuous and measurable functional calculus. It discusses a proof without digressing into a course on the Gelfand theory of commutative Banach algebras. The book also introduces the reader to the basic facts concerning the various von Neumann–Schatten ideals, the compact operators, the trace-class operators and all bounded operators. .

  3. A LIL for independent non-identically distributed random variables in Banach space and its applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    In this paper,we prove a general law of the iterated logarithm (LIL) for independent non-identically distributed B-valued random variables.As an interesting application,we obtain the law of the iterated logarithm for the empirical covariance of Hilbertian autoregressive processes.

  4. ITERATIVE SOLUTIONS FOR SYSTEMS OF NONLINEAR OPERATOR EQUATIONS IN BANACH SPACE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋光兴

    2003-01-01

    By using partial order method, the existence, uniqueness and iterative ap-proximation of solutions for a class of systems of nonlinear operator equations in Banachspace are discussed. The results obtained in this paper extend and improve recent results.

  5. On the mild solutions of higher-order differential equations in Banach spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nguyen Thanh Lan

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available For the higher-order abstract differential equation u(n(t=Au(t+f(t, t∈ℝ, we give a new definition of mild solutions. We then characterize the regular admissibility of a translation-invariant subspace ℳ of BUC(ℝ,E with respect to the above-mentioned equation in terms of solvability of the operator equation AX−Xn=C. As applications, periodicity and almost periodicity of mild solutions are also proved.

  6. CONCEPTS OF DICHOTOMY FOR SKEW-EVOLUTION SEMIFLOWS IN BANACH SPACES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihail Megan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we investigate some dichotomy concepts for skew-evolution semiflows in Banachspaces.Our main objective is to estab-lish relations between these concepts.We motivate our approach byillustrative examples.

  7. k-接近一致光滑Bananch空间%k-Nearly Uniformly Smooth Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王翠玲; 魏文展; 周玲丽

    2006-01-01

    定义k-接近一致光滑模,利用其给出k-接近一致光滑(k-NUS)空间的概念,证明k-接近一致光滑空间与k-接近一致凸空间是对偶概念,同时引入具有w*k性质的空间,给出k-接近一致光滑空间的一个特征刻画,并讨论(k+1)-接近一致光滑空间与接近一致光滑和k-一致光滑(kUS)空间的关系.

  8. NEW FIXED POINT THEOREMS FOR P1-COMPACT MAPPINGS IN BANACH SPACES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    F.E. Browder and W. V. Petryshyn[1] defined the topological degree for Aproper mappings and then W. V. Petryshyn[2] studied a class of A-proper mappings, namely,P1-compact mappings and obtained a number of important fixed point theorems by virtue of the topological degree theory. In this paper, following W. V. Petryshyn[2], we continue to study P1-compact mappings and investigate the boundary condition, under which many new fixed point theorems of P1-compact mappings are obtained. On the other hand, this class of A-proper mappings with the boundedness property includes completely continuous operators and so, certain interesting new fixed point theorems for completely continuous operators are obtained immediately. As a result of it, our results generalize several famous theorems such as Leray-Schauder's theorem, Rothe's theorem, Altman's theorem,Petryshyn's theorem, etc.

  9. Existence of Multiple Positive Solutions for Singular Impulsive Boundary Value Problems in Banach Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐西安

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, we first obtain some New results about the existence of multiple positive solutions for singular impulsive boundary value problems, and then to illustrate our main results we studied the existence of multiple positive solutions for an infinite system of scalar equations.

  10. A LIL for independent non-identically distributed random variables in Banach space and its applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU WeiDong; FU KeAng; ZHANG LiXin

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we prove a general law of the iterated logarithm (LIL) for independent non-identically distributed B-valued random variables. As an interesting application, we obtain the law of the iterated logarithm for the empirical covariance of Hilbertian autoregressive processes.

  11. Eigenvalue for Densely Defined Perturbations of Multivalued Maximal Monotone Operators in Reflexive Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boubakari Ibrahimou

    2013-01-01

    maximal monotone with and . Using the topological degree theory developed by Kartsatos and Quarcoo we study the eigenvalue problem where the operator is a single-valued of class . The existence of continuous branches of eigenvectors of infinite length then could be easily extended to the case where the operator is multivalued and is investigated.

  12. Existence of Solutions of Nonlinear Integrodifferential Equations of Sobolev Type with Nonlocal Condition in Banach Spaces

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    K Balachandran; K Uchiyama

    2000-05-01

    In this paper we prove the existence of mild and strong solutions of a nonlinear integrodifferential equation of Sobolev type with nonlocal condition. The results are obtained by using semigroup theory and the Schauder fixed point theorem.

  13. The Comparison of the Convergence Speed between Picard, Mann, Krasnoselskij and Ishikawa Iterations in Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhiqun Xue

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to compare convergence speed of the Picard and Mann iterations on one hand, Krasnoselskij and Ishikawa iterations on the other hand, for the class of Zamfirescu operators. The results improve corresponding results of (Berinde 2004 and (Babu and Vara Prasad 2006.

  14. An Existence Result for Nonlinear Fractional Differential Equations on Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cabada Alberto

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to investigate a class of boundary value problem for fractional differential equations involving nonlinear integral conditions. The main tool used in our considerations is the technique associated with measures of noncompactness.

  15. The fixed point theorems of 1-set-contractive operators in Banach space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Shuang

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In this paper, we obtain some new fixed point theorems and existence theorems of solutions for the equation Ax = μx using properties of strictly convex (concave function and theories of topological degree. Our results and methods are different from the corresponding ones announced by many others. MSC: 47H09, 47H10

  16. Implicit Iteration Process for Common Fixed Points of Strictly Asymptotically Pseudocontractive Mappings in Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chang Shih-sen

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In this paper, a new implicit iteration process with errors for finite families of strictly asymptotically pseudocontractive mappings and nonexpansive mappings is introduced. By using the iterative process, some strong convergence theorems to approximating a common fixed point of strictly asymptotically pseudocontractive mappings and nonexpansive mappings are proved. The results presented in the paper are new which extend and improve some recent results of Osilike et al. (2007, Liu (1996, Osilike (2004, Su and Li (2006, Gu (2007, Xu and Ori (2001.

  17. Proper Splitting for the Generalized Inverse AT,S(2 and Its Application on Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoji Liu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A possible type of the operator splitting is studied. Using this operator splitting, we introduce some properties and representations of generalized inverses as well as iterative method for computing various solutions of the restricted linear operator system Ax=b,  x∈T, where A∈ℒ(X,Y and T is an arbitrary but fixed subspace of X.

  18. Intuitionistic fuzzy {\\psi}-{\\phi}-contractive mappings and fixed point theorems in non-Archimedean intuitionistic fuzzy metric spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Dinda, Bivas; Jebril, Iqbal H

    2011-01-01

    In this paper intuitionistic fuzzy {\\psi}-{\\phi}-contractive mappings are introduced. Intuitionistic fuzzy Banach contraction theorem for M-complete non-Archimedean intuitionistic fuzzy metric spaces and intuitionistic fuzzy Elelstein contraction theorem for non-Archimedean intuitionistic fuzzy metric spaces by intuitionistic fuzzy {\\psi}-{\\phi}-contractive mappings are proved.

  19. Symmetries and constraints in classical and quantum mechanics: Lie-Jordan Banach algebras and their applications

    OpenAIRE

    Ferro, Leonardo

    2013-01-01

    El objetivo principal de esta disertación es el estudio de la teoría de las álgebras de Lie–Jordan Banach y su papel en el marco de la mecánica clásica y cuántica y sus aplicaciones en diferentes ámbitos de las matemáticas. La investigación algebraica de los fundamentos de la física surgió de la búsqueda de una formulación “excepcional” para la mecánica cuántica, que finalmente culminó en la formulación de las álgebras de Jordan y las posteriores C∗–álgebras.............

  20. Snakes and articulated arms in an Hilbert space

    CERN Document Server

    Pelletier, Fernand

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to give an illustration of results on integrability of distributions and orbits of vector fields on Banach manifolds obtained in [Pe] and [LaPe]. Using arguments and results of these papers, in the context of a separable Hilbert space, we give a generalization of a Theorem of accessibility contained in [Ha], [Ro] and proved for a finite dimensional Hilbert space

  1. The Spaces of Functions of Two Variables of Bounded κΦ-Variation in the Sense of Schramm-Korenblum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Azócar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is twofold. Firstly, we introduce the concept of bounded κΦ-variation in the sense of Schramm-Korenblum for real functions with domain in a rectangle of R2. Secondly, we study some properties of these functions and we prove that the space generated by these functions has a structure of Banach algebra.

  2. A RESULT OF SUZUKI TYPE IN PARTIAL G-METRIC SPACES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Peyman SALIMI; Pasquale VETRO

    2014-01-01

    Recently, Suzuki [T. Suzuki, A generalized Banach contraction principle that characterizes metric completeness, Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 136 (2008), 1861-1869] proved a fixed point theorem that is a generalization of the Banach contraction principle and char-acterizes the metric completeness. Paesano and Vetro [D. Paesano and P. Vetro, Suzuki’s type characterizations of completeness for partial metric spaces and fixed points for partially ordered metric spaces, Topology Appl., 159 (2012), 911-920] proved an analogous fixed point result for a self-mapping on a partial metric space that characterizes the partial metric 0-completeness. In this article, we introduce the notion of partial G-metric spaces and prove a result of Suzuki type in the setting of partial G-metric spaces. We deduce also a result of common fixed point.

  3. Sampling and Galerkin reconstruction in reproducing kernel spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Cheng, Cheng; Jiang, Yingchun; Sun, Qiyu

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we consider sampling in a reproducing kernel subspace of $L^p$. We introduce a pre-reconstruction operator associated with a sampling scheme and propose a Galerkin reconstruction in general Banach space setting. We show that the proposed Galerkin method provides a quasi-optimal approximation, and the corresponding Galerkin equations could be solved by an iterative approximation-projection algorithm. We also present detailed analysis and numerical simulations of the Galerkin met...

  4. 复指数函数系在Lpα空间中的完备性%Completeness of Complex Exponential System in Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫峰; 邓冠铁

    2008-01-01

    A necessary and sufficient condition is obtained for the complex exponential system to be dense in the weighted Banach space Lpα = {f : f∞-∞ |f(t)e-α(t)|pdt ∞}, where 1 ≤ p + ∞and α(t) is a nonnegative continuous function on R.

  5. On weakly Radon-Nikod\\'ym compact spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez-Cervantes, Gonzalo

    2015-01-01

    A compact space is said to be weakly Radon-Nikod\\'ym if it is homeomorphic to a weak*-compact subset of the dual of a Banach space not containing an isomorphic copy of $\\ell_1$. In this work we provide an example of a continuous image of a Radon-Nikod\\'ym compact space which is not weakly Radon-Nikod\\'ym. Moreover, we define a superclass of the continuous images of weakly Radon-Nikod\\'ym compact spaces and study its relation with Corson compacta and weakly Radon-Nikod\\'ym compacta.

  6. Approximating Fixed Points of Nonexpansive Nonself Mappings in CAT(0) Spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Laowang W; Panyanak B

    2010-01-01

    Suppose that is a nonempty closed convex subset of a complete CAT(0) space with the nearest point projection from onto . Let be a nonexpansive nonself mapping with . Suppose that is generated iteratively by , , , where and are real sequences in for some . Then -converges to some point in . This is an analog of a result in Banach spaces of Shahzad (2005) and extends a result of Dhompongsa and Panyanak (2008) to the case of nonself mappings.

  7. Integral type operators from normal weighted Bloch spaces to QT,S spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongyi GU

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Operator theory is an important research content of the analytic function space theory. The discussion of simultaneous operator and function space is an effective way to study operator and function space. Assuming that  is an analytic self map on the unit disk Δ, and the normal weighted bloch space μ-B is a Banach space on the unit disk Δ, defining a composition operator C∶C(f=f on μ-B for all f∈μ-B, integral type operator JhC and CJh are generalized by integral operator and composition operator. The boundeness and compactness of the integral type operator JhC acting from normal weighted Bloch spaces to QT,S spaces are discussed, as well as the boundeness of the integral type operators CJh acting from normal weighted Bloch spaces to QT,S spaces. The related sufficient and necessary conditions are given.

  8. Variable Lebesgue spaces and hyperbolic systems

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    This book targets graduate students and researchers who want to learn about Lebesgue spaces and solutions to hyperbolic equations. It is divided into two parts. Part 1 provides an introduction to the theory of variable Lebesgue spaces: Banach function spaces like the classical Lebesgue spaces but with the constant exponent replaced by an exponent function. These spaces arise naturally from the study of partial differential equations and variational integrals with non-standard growth conditions. They have applications to electrorheological fluids in physics and to image reconstruction. After an introduction that sketches history and motivation, the authors develop the function space properties of variable Lebesgue spaces; proofs are modeled on the classical theory. Subsequently, the Hardy-Littlewood maximal operator is discussed. In the last chapter, other operators from harmonic analysis are considered, such as convolution operators and singular integrals. The text is mostly self-contained, with only some mor...

  9. Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maziar Nekovee

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Cognitive radio is being intensively researched as the enabling technology for license-exempt access to the so-called TV White Spaces (TVWS, large portions of spectrum in the UHF/VHF bands which become available on a geographical basis after digital switchover. Both in the US, and more recently, in the UK the regulators have given conditional endorsement to this new mode of access. This paper reviews the state-of-the-art in technology, regulation, and standardisation of cognitive access to TVWS. It examines the spectrum opportunity and commercial use cases associated with this form of secondary access.

  10. Elements of mathematics topological vector spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Bourbaki, Nicolas

    2003-01-01

    This is a softcover reprint of the English translation of 1987 of the second edition of Bourbaki's Espaces Vectoriels Topologiques (1981). This second edition is a brand new book and completely supersedes the original version of nearly 30 years ago. But a lot of the material has been rearranged, rewritten, or replaced by a more up-to-date exposition, and a good deal of new material has been incorporated in this book, all reflecting the progress made in the field during the last three decades. Table of Contents. Chapter I: Topological vector spaces over a valued field. Chapter II: Convex sets and locally convex spaces. Chapter III: Spaces of continuous linear mappings. Chapter IV: Duality in topological vector spaces. Chapter V: Hilbert spaces (elementary theory). Finally, there are the usual "historical note", bibliography, index of notation, index of terminology, and a list of some important properties of Banach spaces. (Based on Math Reviews, 1983).

  11. Nice Surjections on Spaces of Operators

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    T S S R K Rao

    2006-11-01

    A bounded linear operator is said to be nice if its adjoint preserves extreme points of the dual unit ball. Motivated by a description due to Labuschagne and Mascioni [9] of such maps for the space of compact operators on a Hilbert space, in this article we consider a description of nice surjections on $\\mathcal{K}(X, Y)$ for Banach spaces , . We give necessary and sufficient conditions when nice surjections are given by composition operators. Our results imply automatic continuity of these maps with respect to other topologies on spaces of operators. We also formulate the corresponding result for $\\mathcal{L}(X, Y)$ thereby proving an analogue of the result from [9] for $L^p(1 < p ≠ 2 < ∞)$ spaces. We also formulate results when nice operators are not of the canonical form, extending and correcting the results from [8].

  12. Global Attractivity Results for Mixed-Monotone Mappings in Partially Ordered Complete Metric Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalabušić S

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We prove fixed point theorems for mixed-monotone mappings in partially ordered complete metric spaces which satisfy a weaker contraction condition than the classical Banach contraction condition for all points that are related by given ordering. We also give a global attractivity result for all solutions of the difference equation , where satisfies mixed-monotone conditions with respect to the given ordering.

  13. Global Attractivity Results for Mixed-Monotone Mappings in Partially Ordered Complete Metric Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dž. Burgić

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We prove fixed point theorems for mixed-monotone mappings in partially ordered complete metric spaces which satisfy a weaker contraction condition than the classical Banach contraction condition for all points that are related by given ordering. We also give a global attractivity result for all solutions of the difference equation zn+1=F(zn,zn−1, n=2,3,…, where F satisfies mixed-monotone conditions with respect to the given ordering.

  14. Infinite System of Differential Equations in Some Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Mursaleen

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The first measure of noncompactness was defined by Kuratowski in 1930 and later the Hausdorff measure of noncompactness was introduced in 1957 by Goldenštein et al. These measures of noncompactness have various applications in several areas of analysis, for example, in operator theory, fixed point theory, and in differential and integral equations. In particular, the Hausdorff measure of noncompactness has been extensively used in the characterizations of compact operators between the infinite-dimensional Banach spaces. In this paper, we present a brief survey on the applications of measures of noncompactness to the theory of infinite system of differential equations in some spaces and .

  15. Banach空间中的∞阶Bessel序列%Bessel sequence of order ∞ in a Banach space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    虞志坚; 曹怀信

    2001-01-01

    在Banach空间中引入了∞阶Bessel序列与 Bessel算子的概念,研究了它们的一系列重要性质,并给出了一个序列成为∞阶Bessel序列的若干充分必要条件,证明了全体∞阶Bessel序列之集构成一个Banach空间.

  16. Bessel sequences of order 1 in a Banach space%Banach空间中的1阶Bessel序列

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    虞志坚; 曹怀信

    2005-01-01

    在Banach空间X中引入了1阶Bessel序列与Bessel算子的概念,证明了X上的全体1阶Bessel序列构成一个Banach空间;对X上的任意1阶Bessel序列f={fn}n∈∧,引入了算子Tf:X*→l1,给出一个序列成为1阶Bessel序列的若干充分必要条件;引入(1,∞)阶对偶对的概念,证明了(f,g*)成为X×X*中的(1,∞)阶对偶对当且仅当Tf*Tg*|x=IX.

  17. On the convex closed set-valued operators in Banach spaces and their applications in control problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper studies a class of set-values operators with emphasis on properties of their adjoints and existence of eigenvalues and eigenvectors of infinite-dimensional convex closed set-valued operators. Sufficient conditions for existence of eigenvalues and eigenvectors of set-valued convex closed operators are derived. These conditions specify possible features of control problems. The results are applied to some constrained control problems of infinite-dimensional systems described by discrete-time inclusions whose right-hand-sides are convex closed set- valued functions. (author). 8 refs

  18. Widder-Arendt theorem and integrated semigroups in locally convex space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖体俊; 梁进

    1996-01-01

    A well-known result established by Arendt in 1987 with regard to the Laplace transforms in Banach spaces is developed. A Widder-Arendt theorem in the setting of sequentially complete locally convex spaces is set up (Theorem 1.1). Moreover, integrated semigroups in such spaces are introduced and generation theorems and some basic properties for semigroups of this type are obtained. As examples, elliptic differential operators on certain classes of function spaces with locally convex topology are shown to be the generators of integrated semigroups under some conditions.

  19. Khinchin's Inequality, Dunford-Pettis and Compact Operators on the Space ([0, 1], )

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Dumitru Popa

    2007-02-01

    We prove that if , are Banach spaces, a compact Hausdorff space and :(,) → is a bounded linear operator, and if is a Dunford–Pettis operator the range of the representing measure $G()\\subseteq D P(X, Y)$ is an uniformly Dunford–Pettis family of operators and $\\|G\\|$ is continuous at $\\emptyset$. As applications of this result we give necessary and/or sufficient conditions that some bounded linear operators on the space $C([0,1],X)$ with values in $c_0$ or $l_p,(1≤ p < ∞)$ be Dunford–Pettis and/or compact operators, in which, Khinchin’s inequality plays an important role.

  20. Application of the Banach Fixed-Point Theorem to the Scattering Problem at a Nonlinear Three-Layer Structure with Absorption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schüermann HW

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A method based on the Banach fixed-point theorem is proposed for obtaining certain solutions (TE-polarized electromagnetic waves of the Helmholtz equation describing the reflection and transmission of a plane monochromatic wave at a nonlinear lossy dielectric film situated between two lossless linear semiinfinite media. All three media are assumed to be nonmagnetic and isotropic. The permittivity of the film is modelled by a continuously differentiable function of the transverse coordinate with a saturating Kerr nonlinearity. It is shown that the solution of the Helmholtz equation exists in form of a uniformly convergent sequence of iterations of the equivalent Volterra integral equation. Numerical results are presented.

  1. Application of the Banach Fixed-Point Theorem to the Scattering Problem at a Nonlinear Three-Layer Structure with Absorption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. S. Serov

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A method based on the Banach fixed-point theorem is proposed for obtaining certain solutions (TE-polarized electromagnetic waves of the Helmholtz equation describing the reflection and transmission of a plane monochromatic wave at a nonlinear lossy dielectric film situated between two lossless linear semiinfinite media. All three media are assumed to be nonmagnetic and isotropic. The permittivity of the film is modelled by a continuously differentiable function of the transverse coordinate with a saturating Kerr nonlinearity. It is shown that the solution of the Helmholtz equation exists in form of a uniformly convergent sequence of iterations of the equivalent Volterra integral equation. Numerical results are presented.

  2. Space space space

    CERN Document Server

    Trembach, Vera

    2014-01-01

    Space is an introduction to the mysteries of the Universe. Included are Task Cards for independent learning, Journal Word Cards for creative writing, and Hands-On Activities for reinforcing skills in Math and Language Arts. Space is a perfect introduction to further research of the Solar System.

  3. The Approximation Theorem of Convolution Operator in △p Set-valued Function Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pei-xin Ye

    2002-01-01

    The paper is a contribution to the problem of approximating random set with values in a separable Banach space. This class of set-valued function is widely used in many areas.We investigate the properties of p-bounded integrable random set. Based on this we endow it with △p metric which can be viewed as a integral type hausdorff metric and present some approximation theorem of a class of convolution operators with respect to △p metric. Moreover we also can establish analogous theorem for other integral type operator in △p space,

  4. Embedding and Maximal Regular Differential Operators in Sobolev-Lions Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Veli B. SHAKHMUROV

    2006-01-01

    This study focuses on vector-valued anisotropic Sobolev-Lions spaces associated with Banach spaces E0, E. Several conditions are found that ensure the continuity and compactness of embedding operators that are optimal regular in these spaces in terms of interpolations of spaces E0 and E. In particular, the most regular class of interpolation spaces Eα between E0, E depending on α and the order of space are found and the boundedness of differential operators Dα from this space to Eα -valued Lp,γ spaces is proved. These results are applied to partial differential-operator equationswith parameters to obtain conditions that guarantee the maximal Lp,γ regularity and R-positivity uniformly with respect to these parameters.

  5. GABOR ANALYSIS OF THE SPACES M(p,q,AND S(p,q,r,w,ω)(Rd)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ayse Sandikci; A.Turan Gǜrkanli

    2011-01-01

    Let g be a non-zero rapidly decreasing function and w be a weight function.In this article in analog to modulation space, we define the space M(p, q, w)(Rd) to be the subspace of tempered distributions f ∈ S'(Rd) such that the Gabor transform Vg(f) of f is in the weighted Lorentz space L(p, q, wdμ) (R2d). We endow this space with a suitable norm and show that it becomes a Banach space and invariant under time frequence shifts for 1 ≤ p, q ≤∞. We also investigate the embeddings between these spaces and the dual space of M(p,q,w)(Rd). Later we define the space S(p,q,r,w,ω)(Rd) for 1 < p <∞,1 ≤ q ≤ o. We endow it with a sum norm and show that it becomes a Banach convolution algebra. We also discuss some properties of S(p, q, r, w,ω)(Rd). At the end of this article,we characterize the multipliers of the spaces M(p, q, w) (Rd) and S(p, q, r, w, w) (Rd).

  6. Fixed point theory in metric type spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Agarwal, Ravi P; O’Regan, Donal; Roldán-López-de-Hierro, Antonio Francisco

    2015-01-01

    Written by a team of leading experts in the field, this volume presents a self-contained account of the theory, techniques and results in metric type spaces (in particular in G-metric spaces); that is, the text approaches this important area of fixed point analysis beginning from the basic ideas of metric space topology. The text is structured so that it leads the reader from preliminaries and historical notes on metric spaces (in particular G-metric spaces) and on mappings, to Banach type contraction theorems in metric type spaces, fixed point theory in partially ordered G-metric spaces, fixed point theory for expansive mappings in metric type spaces, generalizations, present results and techniques in a very general abstract setting and framework. Fixed point theory is one of the major research areas in nonlinear analysis. This is partly due to the fact that in many real world problems fixed point theory is the basic mathematical tool used to establish the existence of solutions to problems which arise natur...

  7. Interpolation functors and interpolation spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Brudnyi, Yu A

    1991-01-01

    The theory of interpolation spaces has its origin in the classical work of Riesz and Marcinkiewicz but had its first flowering in the years around 1960 with the pioneering work of Aronszajn, Calderón, Gagliardo, Krein, Lions and a few others. It is interesting to note that what originally triggered off this avalanche were concrete problems in the theory of elliptic boundary value problems related to the scale of Sobolev spaces. Later on, applications were found in many other areas of mathematics: harmonic analysis, approximation theory, theoretical numerical analysis, geometry of Banach spaces, nonlinear functional analysis, etc. Besides this the theory has a considerable internal beauty and must by now be regarded as an independent branch of analysis, with its own problems and methods. Further development in the 1970s and 1980s included the solution by the authors of this book of one of the outstanding questions in the theory of the real method, the K-divisibility problem. In a way, this book harvests the r...

  8. Embedding Theorems in B-Spaces and Applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    This study focuses on the anisotropic Besov-Lions type spaces Blp,θ(Ω; E0, E)associated with Banach spaces E0 and E. Under certain conditions, depending on l =between E0 and E are found so that the mixed differential operators Dα are bounded and compact from Bl+sp,θ(Ω;Eo,E) to Bsp,θ(Ω; Eα). These results are applied to concrete vector-valued function spaces and to anisotropic differential-operator equations with parameters to obtain conditions that guarantee the uniform B separability with respect to these parameters. By these results the maximal B-regularity for parabolic Cauchy problem is obtained. These results are also applied to infinite systems of the quasi-elliptic partial differential equations and parabolic Cauchy problems with parameters to obtain sufficient conditions that ensure the same properties.

  9. Global solutions in the critical Besov space for the non-cutoff Boltzmann equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morimoto, Yoshinori; Sakamoto, Shota

    2016-10-01

    The Boltzmann equation is studied without the cutoff assumption. Under a perturbative setting, a unique global solution of the Cauchy problem of the equation is established in a critical Chemin-Lerner space. In order to analyze the collisional term of the equation, a Chemin-Lerner norm is combined with a non-isotropic norm with respect to a velocity variable, which yields an a priori estimate for an energy estimate. Together with local existence following from commutator estimates and the Hahn-Banach extension theorem, the desired solution is obtained.

  10. 赋β-范空间中的最佳逼近问题%The Problems of Best Approximation in β-Normed Spaces(0<β<1)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王见勇

    2008-01-01

    This paper deals with the problems of best approximation in β-normed spaces.With the tool of conjugate cone introduced in [1] and via the Hahn-Banach extension theorem of β-subseminorm in [2],the characteristics that an element in a closed subspace is the best approximation are given in Section 2.It is obtained in Section 3 that all convex sets or subspaces of a β-normed space are semi-Chebyshev if and only if the space is itself strictly convex.The fact that every finite dimensional subspace of a strictly convex β-normed space must be Chebyshev is proved at last.

  11. Seminar on Functional Analysis at the University of Texas

    CERN Document Server

    Rosenthal, Haskell

    1991-01-01

    The papers in this volume yield a variety of powerful tools for penetrating the structure of Banach spaces, including the following topics: the structure of Baire-class one functions with Banach space applications, operator extension problems, the structure of Banach lattices tensor products of operators and Banach spaces, Banach spaces of certain classes of Fourier series, uniformly stable Banach spaces, the hyperplane conjecture for convex bodies, and applications of probability theory to local Banach space structure. With contributions by: R. Haydon, E. Odell, H. Rosenthal: On certain classes of Baire-1 functions with applications to Banach space theory.- K. Ball: Normed spaces with a weak-Gordon-Lewis property.- S.J. Szarek: On the geometry of the Banach-Mazur compactum.- P. Wojtaszczyk: Some remarks about the space of measures with uniformly bounded partial sums and Banach-Mazur distances between some spaces of polynomials.- N. Ghoussoub, W.B. Johnson: Operators which factor through Banach lattices not c...

  12. Best simultaneous approximation in function and operator spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Abu-Sirhan, Eyad

    2012-01-01

    Let Z be a Banach space and G be a closed subspace of Z. For f1,f2 \\in Z, the distance from f1,f2 to G is defined by d(f1,f2,G) = \\underset{f \\in G}{\\inf} max {||f1-f||, ||f2-f||}. An element g\\ast \\in G satisfying max {||f1-g\\ast ||, || f2-g\\ast ||} = \\underset{f \\in G}{\\inf } max {|| f1-f||, ||f2-f||} is called a best simultaneous approximation for f1,f2 from G. In this paper, we study the problem of best simultananeous approximation in the space of all continuous X-valued fun...

  13. A generalized preimage theorem in global analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The concept of locally fine point and generalized regular valueof a C1 map between Banach spaces were carried over C1 map between Banach manifolds. Hence the preimage theorem, a principle constructing Banach manifolds in global analysis, is generalized.

  14. On operators with bounded approximation property

    OpenAIRE

    Reinov, Oleg

    2013-01-01

    It is known that any separable Banach space with BAP is a complemented subspace of a Banach space with a basis. We show that every operator with bounded approximation property, acting from a separable Banach space, can be factored through a Banach space with a basis.

  15. THE EXISTENCE AND UNIQUENESS OF SOLUTION FOR A CLASS OF STOCHASTIC FUNCTIONAL EQUATIONS ON S.P. SPACE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the existence and uniqueness of solution for a class of stochastic functional equation: X =~φ (X), where ~φ: B → B and B is a Banach space consisted of all left-continuous. (Ft)-adapted processes. Also, the main result is applied to some S.D.E (or S.I.E.). And the authors adopted some of the results in current research in the models of stochastic control recently. This paper proves the existence and uniquence and uniqueness of solution for stochastic functional equation. A series of corollaries are deduced from the special examples of the theorems in this paper.

  16. Mutational analysis a joint framework for Cauchy problems in and beyond vector spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Lorenz, Thomas

    2010-01-01

    Ordinary differential equations play a central role in science and have been extended to evolution equations in Banach spaces. For many applications, however, it is difficult to specify a suitable normed vector space. Shapes without a priori restrictions, for example, do not have an obvious linear structure. This book generalizes ordinary differential equations beyond the borders of vector spaces with a focus on the well-posed Cauchy problem in finite time intervals. Here are some of the examples: - Feedback evolutions of compact subsets of the Euclidean space - Birth-and-growth processes of random sets (not necessarily convex) - Semilinear evolution equations - Nonlocal parabolic differential equations - Nonlinear transport equations for Radon measures - A structured population model - Stochastic differential equations with nonlocal sample dependence and how they can be coupled in systems immediately - due to the joint framework of Mutational Analysis. Finally, the book offers new tools for modelling.

  17. MULTIPLIERS AND TENSOR PRODUCTS OF WEIGHTED LP-SPACES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Let G be a locally compact uninmodular group with Haar measure rmdx and ω be the Beurling's weight function on G (Reiter, [10]). In this paper the authors define a space APωq,q (G) and prove that Aωp,q (G) is a translation invariant Banach space. Furthermore the authors discuss inclusion properties and show that if G is a locally compact abelian group then Aωp,q (G) admits an approximate identity bounded in L1ω. (G). It is also proved that the space Lpωp (G) L1ω lPω(G) is isometrically isomorphic to the space Apω.q (G) and the space of multipliers from Lωp (G) to Lqωq-1 (G) is isometrically isomorphic to the dual of the space Aωp,q (G) iff G satisfies a property Ppq. At the end of this work it is showed that if G is a locally compact abelian group then the space of all multipliers from L1ω (G) to Aωp,q (G) is the space Aωp,q (G).

  18. PERTURBATIONS OF BESSEL SEQUENCES OF ORDER 1 IN A BANACH SPACE%Banach空间中的1阶Bessel列的扰动

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秋芬; 曹怀信; 武海辉

    2009-01-01

    用算子论的方法讨论了Banach空间中的p(1≤p≤∞)阶Bessel列,研究了p(1<p<∞)阶Bessel列扰动成q阶(1/p+1/q)Bessel列的条件,并给出了1阶Bessel列扰动成1阶和∞阶Bessel列的充分条件,从而得到了一些有趣的结果.

  19. Banach空间中Xd-Bessel列的广义扰动%GENERALIZED PERTURBATION OF Xd-BESSEL SEQUENCE IN BANACH SPACE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘楠; 刘琴; 曹怀信

    2010-01-01

    运用算子理论探讨了Banach空间中Xd-Bessel列的广义扰动,首先对Banach空间X的任一Xd-Bessel列f={fi}∞i=1做一些广义扰动,得到新序列g={gi}∞i=1, 讨论了g成为Bessel列的条件, 然后用一列有界线性算子作用于f,得到另一新的序列g={gi}∞i=1,讨论了这个新序列g成为Bessel列的条件.

  20. On Reich's open problem in p-uniformly smooth Banach space%关于p-一致光滑的Banach空间中的Reich公开问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万丙晟; 黄建华; 傅湧

    2009-01-01

    在p-一致光滑的Banach空间(1<p≤2)条件下对Reich公开问题给出一个肯定的答复,并在张石生教授等人最新研究成果基础上,作了推广和改进:把原来的第一型修正的Reich序列推广到第一型带误差修正的Reich序列;去掉limαn n→∞=0,∑∞nαn=∞和∑∞n=0(kn-1)<∞条件.

  1. Strong convergence problem of the Reich-Takahashi iteration method in Banach spaces%Banach空间中Reich-Takahshi迭代法的强收敛问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王绍荣; 陈瑛

    2006-01-01

    设E是一实的Banach空间,D是E的非空有界闭凸集,T:D→D是一渐近非扩张型映象.文章证明了,在一些适当的条件下,由修正的Reich-Takahashi迭代法(1.2)式所定义的序列{xn}强收敛到T的不动点,其中x0是D中任给一定点,{αn},{βn}是[0,1]中满足某些限制的数列.

  2. Strong Convergence Theorems of the Modified Reich-Takahashi Iteration Method in Banach Spaces%Banach空间中Reich-Takahashi迭代法的强收敛定理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾六川

    2005-01-01

    设E是具有一致正规结构的实Banach空间,其范数是一致Gateaux可微的;设D是E的非空有界闭凸子集,T:D→D是渐近非扩张映象.本文证明了,在一些适当的条件下,由修正的Reich-Takahashi迭代法(1.2)式所定义的序列{xn}强收敛到渐近非扩张映象的不动点,其中x0是D中一任给点,{αn},{β}是区间[0,1]中满足某些限制的实数列.

  3. Two Sufficient Conditions of Explicit Convex Functions in Banach Spaces%Banach空间中显凸泛函的两个充分条件

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘彩平

    2006-01-01

    在Banach空间中给出了显凸泛函的概念,然后利用泛函的G-可微性,给出了显凸泛函的两个充分条件.即如果泛函J:V→R在V中是G-可微的,且其G-微分满足1)(A)u,v∈V,J(u)≠J(v),有J(v,u-v)<J(u)-J(V);或者2),(A)u,v∈V,J(u)≠J(v),有J'(u,u-v)-J'(v,u-v)>0,那么J在V中是显凸的.

  4. Certain Spaces of Functions over the Field of Non-Newtonian Complex Numbers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Faruk Çakmak

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is devoted to investigate some characteristic features of complex numbers and functions in terms of non-Newtonian calculus. Following Grossman and Katz, (Non-Newtonian Calculus, Lee Press, Piegon Cove, Massachusetts, 1972, we construct the field ℂ* of *-complex numbers and the concept of *-metric. Also, we give the definitions and the basic important properties of *-boundedness and *-continuity. Later, we define the space C*(Ω of *-continuous functions and state that it forms a vector space with respect to the non-Newtonian addition and scalar multiplication and we prove that C*(Ω is a Banach space. Finally, Multiplicative calculus (MC, which is one of the most popular non-Newtonian calculus and created by the famous exp function, is applied to complex numbers and functions to investigate some advance inner product properties and give inclusion relationship between C*(Ω and the set of C*′(Ω*-differentiable functions.

  5. Nonlinear alternatives of Schauder and Krasnosel'skij types with applications to Hammerstein integral equations in L spaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Djebali, Smaïl; Sahnoun, Zahira

    This paper is devoted to establishing new variants of some nonlinear alternatives of Leray-Schauder and Krasnosel'skij type involving the weak topology of Banach spaces. The De Blasi measure of weak noncompactness is used. An application to solving a nonlinear Hammerstein integral equation in L spaces is given. Our results complement recent ones in [K. Latrach, M.A. Taoudi, A. Zeghal, Some fixed point theorems of the Schauder and the Krasnosel'skij type and application to nonlinear transport equations, J. Differential Equations 221 (2006) 256-2710] and [K. Latrach, M.A. Taoudi, Existence results for a generalized nonlinear Hammerstein equation on L spaces, Nonlinear Anal. 66 (2007) 2325-2333].

  6. Fixed point theory in distance spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Kirk, William

    2014-01-01

    This is a monograph on fixed point theory, covering the purely metric aspects of the theory–particularly results that do not depend on any algebraic structure of the underlying space. Traditionally, a large body of metric fixed point theory has been couched in a functional analytic framework. This aspect of the theory has been written about extensively. There are four classical fixed point theorems against which metric extensions are usually checked. These are, respectively, the Banach contraction mapping principal, Nadler’s well known set-valued extension of that theorem, the extension of Banach’s theorem to nonexpansive mappings, and Caristi’s theorem. These comparisons form a significant component of this book. This book is divided into three parts. Part I contains some aspects of the purely metric theory, especially Caristi’s theorem and a few of its many extensions. There is also a discussion of nonexpansive mappings, viewed in the context of logical foundations. Part I also contains certain re...

  7. Space of Spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Anderson, Edward

    2014-01-01

    Wheeler emphasized the study of Superspace - the space of 3-geometries on a spatial manifold of fixed topology. This is a configuration space for GR; knowledge of configuration spaces is useful as regards dynamics and QM.In this Article I consider furthmore generalized configuration spaces to all levels within the conventional `equipped sets' paradigm of mathematical structure used in fundamental Theoretical Physics. This covers A) the more familiar issue of topology change in the sense of topological manifolds (tied to cobordisms), including via pinched manifolds. B) The less familiar issue of not regarding as fixed the yet deeper levels of structure: topological spaces themselves (and their metric space subcase), collections of subsets and sets. Isham has previously presented quantization schemes for a number of these. I consider some classical preliminaries for this program, aside from the most obvious (classical dynamics for each). Rather, I provide I) to all levels Relational and Background Independence ...

  8. Relativistic helicity and link in Minkowski space-time

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshida, Z.; Kawazura, Y. [Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, University of Tokyo, Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8561 (Japan); Yokoyama, T. [Department of Mathematics, Hokkaido University, Kita 10, Nishi 8, Kita-Ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-0810 (Japan)

    2014-04-15

    A relativistic helicity has been formulated in the four-dimensional Minkowski space-time. Whereas the relativistic distortion of space-time violates the conservation of the conventional helicity, the newly defined relativistic helicity conserves in a barotropic fluid or plasma, dictating a fundamental topological constraint. The relation between the helicity and the vortex-line topology has been delineated by analyzing the linking number of vortex filaments which are singular differential forms representing the pure states of Banach algebra. While the dimension of space-time is four, vortex filaments link, because vorticities are primarily 2-forms and the corresponding 2-chains link in four dimension; the relativistic helicity measures the linking number of vortex filaments that are proper-time cross-sections of the vorticity 2-chains. A thermodynamic force yields an additional term in the vorticity, by which the vortex filaments on a reference-time plane are no longer pure states. However, the vortex filaments on a proper-time plane remain to be pure states, if the thermodynamic force is exact (barotropic), thus, the linking number of vortex filaments conserves.

  9. A Moment Characterization of B-Valued Generalized Functionals of White Noise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cai Shi WANG; Zhi Yuan HUANG

    2006-01-01

    Kernel theorems are established for Banach space-valued multilinear mappings. A moment characterization theorem for Banach space-valued generalized functionals of white noise is proved by using the above kernel theorems. A necessary and sufficient condition in terms of moments is given for sequences of Banach space-valued generalized functionals of white noise to converge strongly.The integration is also discussed of functions valued in the space of Banach space-valued generalized functionals.

  10. The Compact Approximation Property does not imply the Approximation Property

    OpenAIRE

    Willis, George A.

    1992-01-01

    It is shown how to construct, given a Banach space which does not have the approximation property, another Banach space which does not have the approximation property but which does have the compact approximation property.

  11. Several applications of the theory of random conjugate spaces to measurability problems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tie-xin GUO

    2007-01-01

    The central purpose of this paper is to illustrate that combining the recently developed theory of random conjugate spaces and the deep theory of Banach spaces can, indeed, solve some difficult measurability problems which occur in the recent study of the Lebesgue (or more general, Orlicz)-Bochner function spaces as well as in a slightly different way in the study of the random functional analysis but for which the measurable selection theorems currently available are not applicable. It is important that this paper provides a new method of studying a large class of the measurability problems, namely first converting the measurability problems to the abstract existence problems in the random metric theory and then combining the random metric theory and the relative theory of classical spaces so that the measurability problems can be eventually solved. The new method is based on the deep development of the random metric theory as well as on the subtle combination of the random metric theory with classical space theory.

  12. Space Station

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderton, D. A.

    1985-01-01

    The official start of a bold new space program, essential to maintain the United States' leadership in space was signaled by a Presidential directive to move aggressively again into space by proceeding with the development of a space station. Development concepts for a permanently manned space station are discussed. Reasons for establishing an inhabited space station are given. Cost estimates and timetables are also cited.

  13. Sobolev spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Adams, Robert A

    2003-01-01

    Sobolev Spaces presents an introduction to the theory of Sobolev Spaces and other related spaces of function, also to the imbedding characteristics of these spaces. This theory is widely used in pure and Applied Mathematics and in the Physical Sciences.This second edition of Adam''s ''classic'' reference text contains many additions and much modernizing and refining of material. The basic premise of the book remains unchanged: Sobolev Spaces is intended to provide a solid foundation in these spaces for graduate students and researchers alike.* Self-contained and accessible for readers in other disciplines.* Written at elementary level making it accessible to graduate students.

  14. On the vector-valued Littlewood-Paley-Rubio de Francia inequality

    CERN Document Server

    Potapov, Denis; Xu, Quanhua

    2011-01-01

    The paper studies Banach spaces satisfying the Littlewood-Paley-Rubio de Francia property LPR_p, 2 \\leq p < \\infty. The paper shows that every Banach lattice whose 2-concavification is a UMD Banach lattice has this property. The paper also shows that every space having LPR_q also has LPR_p with q \\leq p < \\infty.

  15. Space Basics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herbert, Dexter (Editor)

    1991-01-01

    In this education video series, 'Liftoff to Learning', astronauts (Bruce Melnick, Thomas Akers, William Shepherd, Robert Cabana, and Richard Richards) describe the historical beginnings of space exploration from the time of Robert H. Goddard (considered the Father of Rocketry), who, in 1929, invented the first propellant rocket, the prototype of modern liquid propellant rockets, up to the modern Space Shuttles. The questions - where is space, what is space, and how do astronauts get to, stay in, and come back from space are answered through historical footage, computer graphics, and animation. The space environment effects, temperature effects, and gravitational effects on the launching, orbiting, and descent of the Shuttles are discussed. Included is historical still photos and film footage of past space programs and space vehicles.

  16. Space Microbiology

    OpenAIRE

    Horneck, Gerda; Klaus, David M.; Mancinelli, Rocco L.

    2010-01-01

    Summary: The responses of microorganisms (viruses, bacterial cells, bacterial and fungal spores, and lichens) to selected factors of space (microgravity, galactic cosmic radiation, solar UV radiation, and space vacuum) were determined in space and laboratory simulation experiments. In general, microorganisms tend to thrive in the space flight environment in terms of enhanced growth parameters and a demonstrated ability to proliferate in the presence of normally inhibitory levels of antibiotic...

  17. Time : space.

    OpenAIRE

    M Crang

    2005-01-01

    Spaces of Geographical Thought examines key ideas like space and place - which inform the geographic imagination. The text: discusses the core conceptual vocabulary of human geography: agency: structure; state: society; culture: economy; space: place; black: white; man: woman; nature: culture; local: global; and time: space; explains the significance of these binaries in the constitution of geographic thought; and shows how many of these binaries have been interrogated and re-imagined in more...

  18. Multipurpose Spaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Douglas

    2010-01-01

    The concept of multipurpose spaces in schools is certainly not new. Especially in elementary schools, the combination of cafeteria and auditorium (and sometimes indoor physical activity space as well) is a well-established approach to maximizing the use of school space and a school district's budget. Nonetheless, there continue to be refinements…

  19. Koszul spaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berglund, Alexander

    2014-01-01

    We prove that a nilpotent space is both formal and coformal if and only if it is rationally homotopy equivalent to the derived spatial realization of a graded commutative Koszul algebra. We call such spaces Koszul spaces and show that the rational homotopy groups and the rational homology of...... iterated loop spaces of Koszul spaces can be computed by applying certain Koszul duality constructions to the cohomology algebra. - See more at: http://www.ams.org/journals/tran/2014-366-09/S0002-9947-2014-05935-7/#sthash.hc29cqck.dpuf...

  20. Design spaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2005-01-01

    alternatives for integrating digital technology with space. Connecting practical design work with conceptual development and theorizing, art with technology, and usesr-centered methods with social sciences, Design Spaces provides a useful research paradigm for designing ubiquitous computing. This book......Digital technologies and media are becoming increasingly embodied and entangled in the spaces and places at work and at home. However, our material environment is more than a geometric abstractions of space: it contains familiar places, social arenas for human action. For designers, the integration...... of digital technology with space poses new challenges that call for new approaches. Creative alternatives to traditional systems methodologies are called for when designers use digital media to create new possibilities for action in space. Design Spaces explores how design and media art can provide creative...

  1. Space Commercialization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Gary L.

    2011-01-01

    A robust and competitive commercial space sector is vital to continued progress in space. The United States is committed to encouraging and facilitating the growth of a U.S. commercial space sector that supports U.S. needs, is globally competitive, and advances U.S. leadership in the generation of new markets and innovation-driven entrepreneurship. Energize competitive domestic industries to participate in global markets and advance the development of: satellite manufacturing; satellite-based services; space launch; terrestrial applications; and increased entrepreneurship. Purchase and use commercial space capabilities and services to the maximum practical extent Actively explore the use of inventive, nontraditional arrangements for acquiring commercial space goods and services to meet United States Government requirements, including measures such as public-private partnerships, . Refrain from conducting United States Government space activities that preclude, discourage, or compete with U.S. commercial space activities. Pursue potential opportunities for transferring routine, operational space functions to the commercial space sector where beneficial and cost-effective.

  2. Space debris

    OpenAIRE

    Rossi, Alessandro

    2011-01-01

    Space debris are all man made objects including fragments and elements thereof, in Earth orbit or re-entering the atmosphere, that are non functional. This widely accepted official definition was adopted by the Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee (IADC), an international governmental forum for the worldwide coordination of activities related to the issues of man-made and natural debris in space.

  3. Learning Spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Falmagne, Jean-Claude

    2011-01-01

    Learning spaces offer a rigorous mathematical foundation for practical systems of educational technology. Learning spaces generalize partially ordered sets and are special cases of knowledge spaces. The various structures are investigated from the standpoints of combinatorial properties and stochastic processes. Leaning spaces have become the essential structures to be used in assessing students' competence of various topics. A practical example is offered by ALEKS, a Web-based, artificially intelligent assessment and learning system in mathematics and other scholarly fields. At the heart of A

  4. Morrey spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Adams, David R

    2015-01-01

    In this set of lecture notes, the author includes some of the latest research on the theory of Morrey Spaces associated with Harmonic Analysis. There are three main claims concerning these spaces that are covered: determining the integrability classes of the trace of Riesz potentials of an arbitrary Morrey function; determining the dimensions of singular sets of weak solutions of PDE (e.g. The Meyers-Elcart System); and determining whether there are any “full” interpolation results for linear operators between Morrey spaces. This book will serve as a useful reference to graduate students and researchers interested in Potential Theory, Harmonic Analysis, PDE, and/or Morrey Space Theory. .

  5. SOME CONVERGENCE THEOREMS FOR ITERATIVE SEQUENCE OF CERTAIN GENERALIZED LIPSCHITZIAN NONLINEAR OPERATORS IN BANACH SPACES%Banach空间中一类广义Lipschitz非线性算子迭代序列的收敛定理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪仁兴

    2002-01-01

    @@ 1引言与预备知识 设X为一实Banach空间,X*中X的对偶空间,正夫对偶映射,J:X→2X*定义为:J(x)={f∈X*=‖f‖·‖x‖,‖f‖=‖x‖}其中表示X和X*的广义对偶组。用j(·)表示单值的正规对偶映射

  6. Strong Convergence of the Reich-Takahashi Iterative Sequence with Errors in Banach Spaces%Banach空间中具误差的Reich-Takahashi迭代序列的强收敛性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵良才; 张石生

    2008-01-01

    本文在具一致GaSteaux町微范数的Banach空间的框架下,得出了第一型和第二型修正的具误差的Reich-Takahashi迭代序列强收敛于非自渐近非扩张映象的不动点的充分必要条件.所得结果改进和推广了已有相关结果.

  7. One the Iteration of Fixed Point for Non-self Asymptotically Nonexpansive Mappings in Banach Space%Banach空间渐近非扩张非自映象的不动点迭代

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田有先; 程群

    2007-01-01

    设E是具有一致正规结构的实Banach空间,其范数是一致Gateaux可微的,设C是E的非空有界闭凸子集.T:C→E是渐近非扩张非自映象.证明了在适当条件下,渐进非扩张非自映象的广义Reich迭代序列的强收敛性,从而改进和推广了Reich、Witemann等人的结果.

  8. 关于p-一致光滑Banach空间中非自映像的Reich公开问题%On Reich's Open Problem on Nonself Mappings in p-Uniformly Smooth Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅湧

    2009-01-01

    在p -一致光滑的Banach空间(1

  9. Banach空间中修正的Reich-Takahashi迭代法的强收敛性%Strong convergence theorems of the modified Reich -Takahashi iteration method in Banach spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游贤焕; 万丙晟; 黄建华; 傅湧

    2009-01-01

    设E是-实的P-一致光滑的Banach空间(1

  10. 非自反实Banach空间中的广义共同远达点问题的适定性%ON WELL POSEDNESS OF GENERALIZED MUTUALLY FURTHEST POINTS PROBLEM IN A NONREFLEXIVE REAL BANACH SPACE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪仁兴

    2001-01-01

    设C是实Banach空间X中有界闭凸子集且O是C的内点,G是X中非空有界闭的相对弱紧子集.记K(X)为X的非空紧凸子集并赋Hausdorff距离.称广义共同远达点问题maxc(A,G)是适定的是指它有唯一解(x0,z0)且它的每个极大化序列均强收敛到(x0,z0).在C是严格凸和Kadec的假定下,我们运用不同于De Blasi,Myjaland Papini和Li等人的方法证明了集{A∈K(X);maxc(A,G)是适定的}含有K(X)中稠Gδ集,这本质地推广和延拓了包括De Blasi,Myjak and Papini和Li等人在内的近期相应结果.

  11. 一致凸Banach空间中非扩张映射的新不动点定理%New fixed point theorems of nonexpansive mappings in uniformly convex banach spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许绍元; 马丽; 谢显华

    2011-01-01

    利用非扩张映射的非线性二择一性质,得到了一致凸Banach空间中非扩张映射的若干新不动点定理,从而推广了著名的非扩张映射Altman定理、Roth定理和Petryshyn定理.%By means of nonlinear alternative for nonexpansive mappings, some new fixed point theorems of nonexpansive mappings are obtained. As a result,the famous Altman s theorem,Roth's theorem and Pet-ryshyn theorem for such class of mappings are generalized.

  12. New Fixed Point Theorems for Local Strong Pseudo-Contraction in Banach Spaces%Banach空间中局部强伪压缩映射的新不动点定理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许绍元

    2007-01-01

    利用Banach空间中局部强伪压缩映射的一个基本不动点定理,在适当的边界条件下,得到了Banach空间中局部强伪压缩映射的新不动点定理.特别地,得到Banach空间中局部强伪压缩映射的Altman定理、Roth 定理和Petryshyn 定理,以及定理的各种推广形式.

  13. Banach空间中满足Monch条件的连续映射的新不动点定理%New Fixed Point Theorems of Continuous Mappings Satisfying Monch Condition in Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许绍元

    2011-01-01

    Based on a basic result for continuous mappings satisfying Monch condition, some new fixed point theorems of continuous mappings satisfying Monch condition are obtained. As a result, the famous Altman' s theorem,Roth's theorem and Petryshyn theorem for such class of mappings are obtained and generalized.%利用Banach空间中满足Monch条件的连续映射的1个基本不动点定理,在适当的边界条件下,得到了Banach空间中满足Monch条件的连续映射的新不动点定理.特别地,得到了Banach空间中满足Monch条件的连续映射的Altman定理、Roth定理和Petryshyn定理及其各种推广形式.

  14. 绝对平均有界数列空间Aab(K)%Absolutely Average Bounded Number Sequence Space Aab(K)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马凤红; 罗成; 孙凤龙

    2011-01-01

    Based on the absolutely average convergence of a number sequence,the concept of absolutely average bounded number sequence is given.Space Aab (K) is defined as absolutely average bounded number sequences over the real or complex scalar field K ,which is a space between space 1∞ of bounded number sequences and space Ab (K) of approxmatively bounded number sequences.Moreover,that an equivalent condition of a number sequence is absolutely average bounded is given,and space Aab(K) is a non-separable , non-reflexive Banach space which has neither the Krern-Mil 'man property nor Radon-Nikodym property are proved.%提出了绝对平均有界数列的概念,并由此定义了实(或复)数域K上绝对平均有界的数列空间Aab(K),这是一个介于有界数列空间l∞和近似有界数列空间Ab(K)之间的空间.给出了数列绝对平均有界性的等价条件,证明了空间Aab(K)是不可分的、不自反的、不具有Kre(r)n-Mil'man性质和Radon-Nikod(y)m性质的Banach空间.

  15. Operator Ideals arising from Generating Sequences

    CERN Document Server

    Wong, Ngai-Ching

    2011-01-01

    In this note, we will discuss how to relate an operator ideal on Banach spaces to the sequential structures it defines. Concrete examples of ideals of compact, weakly compact, completely continuous, Banach-Saks and weakly Banach-Saks operators will be demonstrated.

  16. Performative Spaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svaneklink, Annette

    2009-01-01

    that can be related to traditional architectural concepts in terms of dealing with space, body, time and movement. The paper considers this performativity and dual spatiality as being a processual architecture, constantly reconfiguring new hybrids between space, image and user. This dual spatiality raises...

  17. Bispinor Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin ZHU; Xiu Hong FENG; Yan Lin YU

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, we give identifications of bispinor space with Grassmann algebra, and with Clifford algebra. The multiplication in Clifford algebra provides an action on them. Lastly we have researched on the geometry of bispinor space, and define Dirac operators to get a Pythagoras equality.

  18. Space Microbiology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horneck, Gerda; Klaus, David M.; Mancinelli, Rocco L.

    2010-01-01

    Summary: The responses of microorganisms (viruses, bacterial cells, bacterial and fungal spores, and lichens) to selected factors of space (microgravity, galactic cosmic radiation, solar UV radiation, and space vacuum) were determined in space and laboratory simulation experiments. In general, microorganisms tend to thrive in the space flight environment in terms of enhanced growth parameters and a demonstrated ability to proliferate in the presence of normally inhibitory levels of antibiotics. The mechanisms responsible for the observed biological responses, however, are not yet fully understood. A hypothesized interaction of microgravity with radiation-induced DNA repair processes was experimentally refuted. The survival of microorganisms in outer space was investigated to tackle questions on the upper boundary of the biosphere and on the likelihood of interplanetary transport of microorganisms. It was found that extraterrestrial solar UV radiation was the most deleterious factor of space. Among all organisms tested, only lichens (Rhizocarpon geographicum and Xanthoria elegans) maintained full viability after 2 weeks in outer space, whereas all other test systems were inactivated by orders of magnitude. Using optical filters and spores of Bacillus subtilis as a biological UV dosimeter, it was found that the current ozone layer reduces the biological effectiveness of solar UV by 3 orders of magnitude. If shielded against solar UV, spores of B. subtilis were capable of surviving in space for up to 6 years, especially if embedded in clay or meteorite powder (artificial meteorites). The data support the likelihood of interplanetary transfer of microorganisms within meteorites, the so-called lithopanspermia hypothesis. PMID:20197502

  19. Space psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parin, V. V.; Gorbov, F. D.; Kosmolinskiy, F. P.

    1974-01-01

    Psychological selection of astronauts considers mental responses and adaptation to the following space flight stress factors: (1) confinement in a small space; (2) changes in three dimensional orientation; (3) effects of altered gravity and weightlessness; (4) decrease in afferent nerve pulses; (5) a sensation of novelty and danger; and (6) a sense of separation from earth.

  20. Space Bugz!

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Birke, Alexander; Schoenau-Fog, Henrik; Reng, Lars

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents Space Bugz! - a novel crowd game for large venues or cinemas that utilises the audience's smartphones as controllers for the game. This paper explains what crowd gaming is and describes how the approach used in Space Bugz! enables more advanced gameplay concepts and individual...

  1. Space polypropulsion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kellett, B. J.; Griffin, D. K.; Bingham, R.; Campbell, R. N.; Forbes, A.; Michaelis, M. M.

    2008-05-01

    Hybrid space propulsion has been a feature of most space missions. Only the very early rocket propulsion experiments like the V2, employed a single form of propulsion. By the late fifties multi-staging was routine and the Space Shuttle employs three different kinds of fuel and rocket engines. During the development of chemical rockets, other forms of propulsion were being slowly tested, both theoretically and, relatively slowly, in practice. Rail and gas guns, ion engines, "slingshot" gravity assist, nuclear and solar power, tethers, solar sails have all seen some real applications. Yet the earliest type of non-chemical space propulsion to be thought of has never been attempted in space: laser and photon propulsion. The ideas of Eugen Saenger, Georgii Marx, Arthur Kantrowitz, Leik Myrabo, Claude Phipps and Robert Forward remain Earth-bound. In this paper we summarize the various forms of nonchemical propulsion and their results. We point out that missions beyond Saturn would benefit from a change of attitude to laser-propulsion as well as consideration of hybrid "polypropulsion" - which is to say using all the rocket "tools" available rather than possibly not the most appropriate. We conclude with three practical examples, two for the next decades and one for the next century; disposal of nuclear waste in space; a grand tour of the Jovian and Saturnian moons - with Huygens or Lunoxod type, landers; and eventually mankind's greatest space dream: robotic exploration of neighbouring planetary systems.

  2. Parking Spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Armstrong, Drew; Rhoades, Brendon

    2012-01-01

    Let $W$ be a Weyl group with root lattice $Q$ and Coxeter number $h$. The elements of the finite torus $Q/(h+1)Q$ are called the $W$-{\\sf parking functions}, and we call the permutation representation of $W$ on the set of $W$-parking functions the (standard) $W$-{\\sf parking space}. Parking spaces have interesting connections to enumerative combinatorics, diagonal harmonics, and rational Cherednik algebras. In this paper we define two new $W$-parking spaces, called the {\\sf noncrossing parking space} and the {\\sf algebraic parking space}, with the following features: 1) They are defined more generally for real reflection groups. 2) They carry not just $W$-actions, but $W\\times C$-actions, where $C$ is the cyclic subgroup of $W$ generated by a Coxeter element. 3) In the crystallographic case, both are isomorphic to the standard $W$-parking space. Our Main Conjecture is that the two new parking spaces are isomorphic to each other as permutation representations of $W\\times C$. This conjecture ties together sever...

  3. Space medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pool, Sam L.

    1988-01-01

    This paper attempts to underscore the importance of continued studies on the effects of space on human physiology. With particular reference to the Space Station, it is pointed out that there are two aspects which are challenging to life scientists: first is the development of a research capability for the life sciences which will be used to conduct investigations necessary to extend the time humans can remain in space; second is the challenge to develop a medical capability to provide prevention, diagnosis, and therapy. A discussion of physiological changes that have been observed in spacecrews follows along the lines of the two aspects mentioned.

  4. Knowledge spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Doignon, Jean-Paul

    1999-01-01

    Knowledge spaces offer a rigorous mathematical foundation for various practical systems of knowledge assessment. An example is offered by the ALEKS system (Assessment and LEarning in Knowledge Spaces), a software for the assessment of mathematical knowledge. From a mathematical standpoint, knowledge spaces generalize partially ordered sets. They are investigated both from a combinatorial and a stochastic viewpoint. The results are applied to real and simulated data. The book gives a systematic presentation of research and extends the results to new situations. It is of interest to mathematically oriented readers in education, computer science and combinatorics at research and graduate levels. The text contains numerous examples and exercises and an extensive bibliography.

  5. public spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Grigoryeva

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The topic of this issue is PUBLIC SPACES. It is familiar and clear to every citizen. The streets and courtyards as childhood experiences remain with us forever. And these are the places where we come with our parents at weekends, where we meet friends, where we have dates and where we already come for a walk with our children.The history of public spaces is long and captivating. It was the main city squares where the most important events took place in history. The Agoras of Ancient Greece and the Roman Forums, the squares of Vatican, Paris and London, Moscow and Saint Petersburg… Greve, Trafalgar, Senate, Palace, Red, Bolotnaya – behind every name there is life of capitals, countries and nations.Public spaces, their shapes, image and development greatly influence the perception of the city as a whole. Both visitors and inhabitants can see in public spaces not only the visage but the heart, the soul and the mind of the city.Unfortunately, sometimes we have to prove the value of public spaces and defend them from those who consider them nothing but a blank space, nobody’s land destined for barbarous development.What should happen to make citizens perceive public spaces as their own and to make authorities consider development and maintenance of squares and parks their priority task against the  background of increasing competition between cities and the fight for human capital? Lately they more often say about “a high-quality human capital”. And now, when they say “the city should be liveable” they add “for all groups of citizens, including the creative class”.

  6. Underground spaces/cybernetic spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomaž Novljan

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available A modern city space is a space where in the vertical and horizontal direction dynamic, non-linear processes exist, similar as in nature. Alongside the “common” city surface, cities have underground spaces as well that are increasingly affecting the functioning of the former. It is the space of material and cybernetic communication/transport. The psychophysical specifics of using underground places have an important role in their conceptualisation. The most evident facts being their limited volume and often limited connections to the surface and increased level of potential dangers of all kinds. An efficient mode for alleviating the effects of these specific features are artistic interventions, such as: shape, colour, lighting, all applications of the basic principles of fractal theory.

  7. On the continuity of the map square root of nonnegative isomorphisms in Hilbert spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeovanny de Jesus Muentes Acevedo

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Let H be a real (or complex Hilbert space. Every nonnegative operator L ∈ L(H admits a unique nonnegative square root R ∈ L(H, i.e., a nonnegative operator R ∈ L(H such that R2 = L. Let GL+ S (H be the set of nonnegative isomorphisms in L(H. First we will show that GL+ S (H is a convex (real Banach manifold. Denoting by L1/2 the nonnegative square root of L. In [3], Richard Bouldin proves that L1/2 depends continuously on L (this proof is non-trivial. This result has several applications. For example, it is used to find the polar decomposition of a bounded operator. This polar decomposition allows us to determine the positive and negative spectral subespaces of any self-adjoint operator, and moreover, allows us to define the Maslov index. The autor of the paper under review provides an alternative proof (and a little more simplified that L1/2 depends continuously on L, and moreover, he shows that the map is a homeomorphism. Resumen. Sea H un espacio de Hilbert real (o complejo. Todo operador no negativo L ∈ L(H admite una única raíz cuadrada no negativa R ∈ L(H, esto es, un operador no negativo R ∈ L(H tal que R2 = L. Sea GL+ S (H el conjunto de los isomorfismos no negativos en L(H. Primero probaremos que GL+ S (H es una variedad de Banach (real. Denotando como L1/2 la raíz cuadrada no negativa de L, en [3] Richard Bouldin prueba que L1/2 depende continuamente de L (esta prueba es no trivial. Este resultado tiene varias aplicaciones. Por ejemplo, es usado para encontrar la descomposición polar de un operador limitado. Esta descomposición polar nos lleva a determinar los subespacios espectrales positivos y negativos de cualquier operador autoadjunto, y además, lleva a definir el índice de Máslov. El autor de este artículo da una prueba alternativa (y un poco más simplificada de que L1/2 depende continuamente de L, y además, prueba que la aplicación es un homeomorfismo

  8. Environmental spaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Henrik Gutzon

    Using the development of intergovernmental environmental cooperation in the Baltic Sea area as a concrete example, the aim of this study is to explore how the 'environment' in situations of environmental interdependence is identified and institutionalised as political-geographical objects....... 'Environmental interdependence' is to this end conceptualised as a tension between 'political spaces' of discrete state territories and 'environmental spaces' of spatially nested ecosystems. This tension between geographies of political separateness and environmental wholeness is the implicit or explicit basis...... for a large and varied literature. But in both its critical and problemsolving manifestations, this literature tends to naturalise the spatiality of environmental concerns: environmental spaces are generally taken for granted. On the suggestion that there is a subtle politics to the specification...

  9. Trace spaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fajstrup, Lisbeth; Goubault, Eric; Haucourt, Emmanuel;

    2012-01-01

    State-space reduction techniques, used primarily in model-checkers, all rely on the idea that some actions are independent, hence could be taken in any (respective) order while put in parallel, without changing the semantics. It is thus not necessary to consider all execution paths in the interle......State-space reduction techniques, used primarily in model-checkers, all rely on the idea that some actions are independent, hence could be taken in any (respective) order while put in parallel, without changing the semantics. It is thus not necessary to consider all execution paths...... of concurrent languages, where programs are interpreted as directed topological spaces, and study its properties in order to devise an algorithm for computing dihomotopy classes of execution paths. In particular, our algorithm is able to compute a control-flow graph for concurrent programs, possibly containing...

  10. Transit space

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raahauge, Kirsten Marie

    2008-01-01

    This article deals with representations of one specific city, Århus, Denmark, especially its central district. The analysis is based on anthropological fieldwork conducted in Skåde Bakker and Fedet, two well-off neighborhoods. The overall purpose of the project is to study perceptions of space...... and the interaction of cultural, social, and spatial organizations, as seen from the point of view of people living in Skåde Bakker and Fedet. The focus is on the city dwellers’ representations of the central district of Århus with specific reference to the concept of transit space. When applied to various Århusian...

  11. Space Shuttle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Lisa

    2005-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation summarizes changes to the Space Shuttle Propulsions Systems made for the Return to Flight in response to the recommendations of the Columbia Accident Investigation Board (CAIB). The presentation also includes an overivew of the Columbia debris recovery effort.

  12. Space Conquest

    CERN Document Server

    2005-01-01

    An old water tank from the time of the ISR is being converted into a temporary store for ATLAS muon chambers. This is the last chapter in the big programme by the PH Department to make better use of space at CERN.

  13. Trading Spaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cort, Cliff

    2006-01-01

    Education administrators face the dual dilemma of crowded, aging facilities and tightening capital budgets. The challenge is to build the necessary classroom, laboratory and activity space while minimizing the length and expense of the construction process. One solution that offers an affordable alternative is modular construction, a method that…

  14. Space Gerontology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miquel, J. (Editor); Economos, A. C. (Editor)

    1982-01-01

    Presentations are given which address the effects of space flght on the older person, the parallels between the physiological responses to weightlessness and the aging process, and experimental possibilities afforded by the weightless environment to fundamental research in gerontology and geriatrics.

  15. Game Spaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansen, Erik

    2015-01-01

    When we play games of any kind, from tennis to board games, it is easy to notice that games seem to be configured in space, often using stripes or a kind of map on a board. Some games are clearly performed within this marked border, while it may be difficult to pinpoint such a border in games like...

  16. Space Tourism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ One day after NASA brougnt the shuttle Discovery back form low Earth orbit,a Private company plans to announce a more audacious(1)v__,a tourist trip around the Moon. Space Adventrues,an American company ,has already sent two (A)t__into orbit.

  17. Hardy spaces via distribution spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Liguang

    2007-01-01

    Let (y)(Rn) be the Schwartz class on Rn and (y)∞(Rn) be the collection of functions (P) (E) (Y)(Rn) with additional property that ∫Rn xγ(p)(x)dx=0for all multiindices γ.Let ((y):(Rn))' and ((y)∞(Rn))' be their dual spaces,respectively.In this paper, it is proved that atomic Hardy spaces defined via ((y)(Rn))' and ((y)∞(Rn))' coincide with each other in some sense.As an application, we show that under the condition that the Littlewood-Paley function of f belongs to LP(Rn) for some p (e) (0, 1], the condition f (e) ((Y)∞(Rn))' is equivalent to that f (e) ((y)(Rn))' and f vanishes weakly at infinity. We further discuss some new classes of distributions defined via (y)(Rn) and (y)∞(Rn), also including their corresponding Hardy spaces.

  18. Namioka spaces and strongly Baire spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Mykhaylyuk, V. V.

    2016-01-01

    A notion of strongly Baire space is introduced. Its definition is a transfinite development of some equivalent reformulation of the Baire space definition. It is shown that every strongly Baire space is a Namioka space and every $\\beta-\\sigma$-unfavorable space is a strongly Baire space.

  19. Free spaces over some proper metric spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Dalet, Aude

    2014-01-01

    We prove that the Lipschitz-free space over a countable proper metric space is isometric to a dual space and has the metric approximation property. We also show that the Lipschitz-free space over a proper ultrametric space is isometric to the dual of a space which is isomorphic to c_0.

  20. Space Nutrition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Scott M.

    2009-01-01

    Optimal nutrition will be critical for crew members who embark on space exploration missions. Nutritional assessment provides an opportunity to ensure that crewmembers begin their missions in optimal nutritional status, to document changes during a mission and, if necessary, to provide intervention to maintain that status throughout the mission, and to assesses changes after landing in order to facilitate the return to their normal status as soon as possible after landing. We report here the findings from our nutritional assessment of astronauts who participated in the International Space Station (ISS) missions, along with flight and ground-based research findings. We also present ongoing and planned nutrition research activities. These studies provide evidence that bone loss, compromised vitamin status, and oxidative damage are the critical nutritional concerns for space travelers. Other nutrient issues exist, including concerns about the stability of nutrients in the food system, which are exposed to longterm storage and radiation during flight. Defining nutrient requirements, and being able to provide and maintain those nutrients on exploration missions, will be critical for maintaining crew member health.

  1. Space Technospheres

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidmachenko, A. P.; Steklov, A. F.; Primak, N. V.

    2000-01-01

    Two main tendencies of making the Solar System habitable are regarding nowadays: (1) making objects of the Solar System habitable; and (2) making the space of the Solar System habitable. We think that it's better to combine them. We should dezine and build settlements ('technospheres') on such objects as asteroids and comets, using their resources. That is, it is necessary to create 'space technospheres' - a long-termed human settlements in the space. To save energy resources it is necessary to use Near-Earth asteroids enriched with water ice (i. e. extinguished comets) with Near-Earth orbits. To realize listed conceptions it is necessary to decrease (up to 100 times) the cost price of the long-termed settlements. That's why even average UN country will be able to create it's own space house - artificial planet ('technosphere') and maintain life activities there. About 50-100 such artificial planets will represent the future civilization of our Solar System. At the same time Earth will stay basic, maternal planet. There is an interesting problem of correcting orbits of that objects. Orbits can be changed into circular or elongated to make them comfortable for living activities of 5000-10000 settlers, and to maintain connection with maternal planet. Technospheres with the elongated orbits are more advantageous to assimilate the Solar System. While technospheres with circular orbits suit to the industrial cycle with certain specialization. The specialization of the technosphere will depend on mine-workings and/or chosen high-technology industrial process. Because it is profitable to convert raw materials at the technosphere and then to transport finished products to the maternal planet. It worth to be mentioned that because of the low gravitation and changed life cycle technosphere settlers, new 'Columb' of the Solar System will transform into new mankind. It will happen though it is difficult to imaging this. Because long ago, when fish left the ocean, they didn

  2. Space exploration

    CERN Document Server

    90, Sol

    2008-01-01

    Space Exploration, is one book in the Britannica Illustrated Science Library Series that is correlated to the science curriculum in grades 5-8. The Britannica Illustrated Science Library is a visually compelling set that covers earth science, life science, and physical science in 16 volumes.  Created for ages 10 and up, each volume provides an overview on a subject and thoroughly explains it through detailed and powerful graphics-more than 1,000 per volume-that turn complex subjects into information that students can grasp.  Each volume contains a glossary with full definitions for vocabulary

  3. Space Radiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Honglu

    2006-01-01

    Astronauts receive the highest occupational radiation exposure. Effective protections are needed to ensure the safety of astronauts on long duration space missions. Increased cancer morbidity or mortality risk in astronauts may be caused by occupational radiation exposure. Acute and late radiation damage to the central nervous system (CNS) may lead to changes in motor function and behavior, or neurological disorders. Radiation exposure may result in degenerative tissue diseases (non-cancer or non-CNS) such as cardiac, circulatory, or digestive diseases, as well as cataracts. Acute radiation syndromes may occur due to occupational radiation exposure.

  4. Space Pharmacology

    CERN Document Server

    Wotring, Virginia E

    2012-01-01

    Space Pharmacology” is a review of the current knowledge regarding the use of pharmaceuticals during spaceflights. It is a comprehensive review of the literature, addressing each area of pharmacokinetics and each major physiological system in turn. Every section begins with a topic overview, and is followed by a discussion of published data from spaceflight, and from ground experiments meant to model the spaceflight situation. Includes a discussion looking forward to the new medical challenges we are likely to face on longer duration exploration missions. This book is a snapshot of our current knowledge that also highlights areas of unknown.

  5. Space Software

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    Xontech, Inc.'s software package, XonVu, simulates the missions of Voyager 1 at Jupiter and Saturn, Voyager 2 at Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune, and Giotto in close encounter with Comet Halley. With the program, the user can generate scenes of the planets, moons, stars or Halley's nucleus and tail as seen by Giotto, all graphically reproduced with high accuracy in wireframe representation. Program can be used on a wide range of computers, including PCs. User friendly and interactive, with many options, XonVu can be used by a space novice or a professional astronomer. With a companion user's manual, it sells for $79.

  6. Space Food

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    In planning for the long duration Apollo missions, NASA conducted extensive research into space food. One of the techniques developed was freeze drying. Action Products commercialized this technique, concentrating on snack food including the first freeze-dried ice cream. The foods are cooked, quickly frozen and then slowly heated in a vacuum chamber to remove the ice crystals formed by the freezing process. The final product retains 98 percent of its nutrition and weighs only 20 percent of its original weight. Action snacks are sold at museums, NASA facilities and are exported to a number of foreign countries. Sales run to several million dollars annually.

  7. Space weather and space anomalies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. I. Dorman

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available A large database of anomalies, registered by 220 satellites in different orbits over the period 1971-1994 has been compiled. For the first time, data from 49 Russian Kosmos satellites have been included in a statistical analysis. The database also contains a large set of daily and hourly space weather parameters. A series of statistical analyses made it possible to quantify, for different satellite orbits, space weather conditions on the days characterized by anomaly occurrences. In particular, very intense fluxes (>1000 pfu at energy >10 MeV of solar protons are linked to anomalies registered by satellites in high-altitude (>15000 km, near-polar (inclination >55° orbits typical for navigation satellites, such as those used in the GPS network, NAVSTAR, etc. (the rate of anomalies increases by a factor ~20, and to a much smaller extent to anomalies in geostationary orbits, (they increase by a factor ~4. Direct and indirect connections between anomaly occurrence and geomagnetic perturbations are also discussed.

  8. Space Science in Action: Space Exploration [Videotape].

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999

    In this videotape recording, students learn about the human quest to discover what is out in space. Students see the challenges and benefits of space exploration including the development of rocket science, a look back at the space race, and a history of manned space travel. A special section on the Saturn V rocket gives students insight into the…

  9. Large size space construction for space exploitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kondyurin, Alexey

    2016-07-01

    Space exploitation is impossible without large space structures. We need to make sufficient large volume of pressurized protecting frames for crew, passengers, space processing equipment, & etc. We have to be unlimited in space. Now the size and mass of space constructions are limited by possibility of a launch vehicle. It limits our future in exploitation of space by humans and in development of space industry. Large-size space construction can be made with using of the curing technology of the fibers-filled composites and a reactionable matrix applied directly in free space. For curing the fabric impregnated with a liquid matrix (prepreg) is prepared in terrestrial conditions and shipped in a container to orbit. In due time the prepreg is unfolded by inflating. After polymerization reaction, the durable construction can be fitted out with air, apparatus and life support systems. Our experimental studies of the curing processes in the simulated free space environment showed that the curing of composite in free space is possible. The large-size space construction can be developed. A project of space station, Moon base, Mars base, mining station, interplanet space ship, telecommunication station, space observatory, space factory, antenna dish, radiation shield, solar sail is proposed and overviewed. The study was supported by Humboldt Foundation, ESA (contract 17083/03/NL/SFe), NASA program of the stratospheric balloons and RFBR grants (05-08-18277, 12-08-00970 and 14-08-96011).

  10. Seminar at the University of Texas

    CERN Document Server

    Rosenthal, Haskell

    1988-01-01

    The articles in this volume are based on talks given in a seminar at Austin during 1986-87. They range from those dealing with fresh research and discoveries to exposition and new proofs of older results. The main topics and themes include geometric and analytic properties of infinite-dimensional Banach spaces and their convex subsets as well as some aspects of Banach spaces associated with harmonic analysis and Banach algebras.

  11. Preventing Space Warfare

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The international community should join forces to avoid possible conflicts in space Military competition and conflict in outer space can be divided into three stages:militarization,wea- ponization and the space battle- field. Space militarization has become a thing of the past.Now,many countries are re- searching more advanced space weaponry technology,which means space weapon- ization is becoming a growing reality.The process of space competition is astonishingly

  12. Atmosphere and Ambient Space

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Ulrik

    Atmosphere and Ambient Space This paper explores the relation between atmosphere and ambient space. Atmosphere and ambient space share many salient properties. They are both ontologically indeterminate, constantly varying and formally diffuse and they are both experienced as a subtle, non......-signifying property of a given space. But from a certain point of view, the two concepts also designate quite dissimilar experiences of space. To be ’ambient’ means to surround. Accordingly, ambient space is that space, which surrounds something or somebody. (Gibson 1987: 65) Since space is essentially...... of a surrounding character, all space can thus be described as having a fundamentally ambient character. So what precisely is an ambient space, then? As I will argue in my presentation, ambient space is a sensory effect of spatiality when a space is experienced as being particularly surrounding: a ‘space effect...

  13. Hewitt-Nachbin spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Weir, Maurice D

    2013-01-01

    North-Holland Mathematics Studies: Hewitt-Nachbin Spaces exposes the theory of Hewitt-Nachbin spaces, also called realcompact or Q-spaces, taking into account synergistic points of view from which these spaces are investigated. The publication first offers information on embedding in topological products and Hewitt-Nachbin spaces and convergence, including notation and terminology, embedding lemma, E-completely regular spaces, E-compact spaces, and characterizations and properties of Hewitt-Nachbin spaces. The text also touches on Hewitt-Nachbin spaces, uniformities, and related topological sp

  14. Quantum Homogeneous Spaces as Quantum Quotient Spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Brzezinski, Tomasz

    1995-01-01

    We show that certain embeddable homogeneous spaces of a quantum group that do not correspond to a quantum subgroup still have the structure of quantum quotient spaces. We propose a construction of quantum fibre bundles on such spaces. The quantum plane and the general quantum two-spheres are discussed in detail.

  15. From Physical Space to Visual Image Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YE Zetian; LIN Hui; LIU Xianlin

    2003-01-01

    The theoretical framework of visual simulation in virtual reality is discussed. The new concept of visual image space is supposed. On the basis of visual image space, in visual perceptive sense, VR is considered as a spatial simulation. The objective of the spatial simulation is to transform physical space to visual image space.Last, the prototype system, surveying & mapping virtual Reality (SMVR),is developed, and the space simulation above is realized. By use of SMVR,the real 3D representation, 3D visual analysis, virtual plan and designs can be implemented.

  16. Space Solar Power Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arif, H.; Barbosa, H.; Bardet, C.; Baroud, M.; Behar, A.; Berrier, K.; Berthe, P.; Bertrand, R.; Bibyk, I.; Bisson, J.; Bloch, L.; Bobadilla, G.; Bourque, D.; Bush, L.; Carandang, R.; Chiku, T.; Crosby, N.; De Seixas, M.; De Vries, J.; Doll, S.; Dufour, F.; Eckart, P.; Fahey, M.; Fenot, F.; Foeckersperger, S.; Fontaine, J.E.; Fowler, R.; Frey, H.; Fujio, H.; Gasa, J.M.; Gleave, J.; Godoe, J.; Green, I.; Haeberli, R.; Hanada, T.; Ha

    1992-08-01

    Information pertaining to the Space Solar Power Program is presented on energy analysis; markets; overall development plan; organizational plan; environmental and safety issues; power systems; space transportation; space manufacturing, construction, operations; design examples; and finance.

  17. Fuzzy Approximating Spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Bin Qin

    2014-01-01

    Relationships between fuzzy relations and fuzzy topologies are deeply researched. The concept of fuzzy approximating spaces is introduced and decision conditions that a fuzzy topological space is a fuzzy approximating space are obtained.

  18. Space radiation effects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors briefly discusses the radiation environment in near-earth space and it's influences on material, and electronic devices using in space airship, also, the research developments in space radiation effects are introduced

  19. Fundamentals of space medicine

    CERN Document Server

    Clément, Gilles

    2011-01-01

    This book details the findings from life science experiments conducted during and after space missions. It looks at the future of human space flight and what comes next, especially in the areas of planetary exploration and space tourism.

  20. Metric modular spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Chistyakov, Vyacheslav

    2015-01-01

    Aimed toward researchers and graduate students familiar with elements of functional analysis, linear algebra, and general topology; this book contains a general study of modulars, modular spaces, and metric modular spaces. Modulars may be thought of as generalized velocity fields and serve two important purposes: generate metric spaces in a unified manner and provide a weaker convergence, the modular convergence, whose topology is non-metrizable in general. Metric modular spaces are extensions of metric spaces, metric linear spaces, and classical modular linear spaces. The topics covered include the classification of modulars, metrizability of modular spaces, modular transforms and duality between modular spaces, metric  and modular topologies. Applications illustrated in this book include: the description of superposition operators acting in modular spaces, the existence of regular selections of set-valued mappings, new interpretations of spaces of Lipschitzian and absolutely continuous mappings, the existe...

  1. In Outer Space without a Space Suit?

    CERN Document Server

    Bolonkin, Alexander

    2008-01-01

    The author proposes and investigates his old idea - a living human in space without the encumbrance of a complex space suit. Only in this condition can biological humanity seriously attempt to colonize space because all planets of Solar system (except the Earth) do not have suitable atmospheres. Aside from the issue of temperature, a suitable partial pressure of oxygen is lacking. In this case the main problem is how to satiate human blood with oxygen and delete carbonic acid gas (carbon dioxide). The proposed system would enable a person to function in outer space without a space suit and, for a long time, without food. That is useful also in the Earth for sustaining working men in an otherwise deadly atmosphere laden with lethal particulates (in case of nuclear, chemical or biological war), in underground confined spaces without fresh air, under water or a top high mountains above a height that can sustain respiration.

  2. Space weather: European Space Agency perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daly, E. J.; Hilgers, A.

    Spacecraft and payloads have become steadily more sophisticated and therefore more susceptible to space weather effects. ESA has long been active in applying models and tools to the problems associated with such effects on its spacecraft. In parallel, ESA and European agencies have built a highly successful solar-terrestrial physics capability. ESA is now investigating the marriage of these technological and scientific capabilities to address perceived user needs for space weather products and services. Two major ESA-sponsored studies are laying the groundwork for a possible operational European space weather service. The wide-ranging activities of ESA in the Space Weather/Space Environment domain are summarized and recent important examples of space weather concerns given.

  3. Organic chemistry in space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, R. D.

    1977-01-01

    Organic cosmochemistry, organic materials in space exploration, and biochemistry of man in space are briefly surveyed. A model of Jupiter's atmosphere is considered, and the search for organic molecules in the solar system and in interstellar space is discussed. Materials and analytical techniques relevant to space exploration are indicated, and the blood and urine analyses performed on Skylab are described.

  4. Budgeting Academic Space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Watson

    2011-01-01

    There are many articles about space management, including those that discuss space calculations, metrics, and categories. Fewer articles discuss the space budgeting processes used by administrators to allocate space. The author attempts to fill this void by discussing her administrative experiences with Middle Tennessee State University's (MTSU)…

  5. Space Based Radar To Observe Space Debris

    OpenAIRE

    Tolkachev, A.A.; Zolotarev, M.M.; Loukiaschenko, V.I.; Raikunov, G.G.; Yaremenko, A.I.

    1998-01-01

    Space debris of 1÷3mm size is known to be hazardous for astronauts and space vehicles. At the same time the possibility to notice such objects by ground based optical and radar devices in the nearest future is rather problematic. Here we propose an idea of space radar for observation of cicumterrestrial space debris. The radar works in short wave part of millimetre band, which is mostly suitable for this purpose. The radar provides detecting and tracking of 1mm size objects within 40000m2 are...

  6. Space Physiology and Operational Space Medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheuring, Richard A.

    2009-01-01

    The objectives of this slide presentation are to teach a level of familiarity with: the effects of short and long duration space flight on the human body, the major medical concerns regarding future long duration missions, the environmental issues that have potential medical impact on the crew, the role and capabilities of the Space Medicine Flight Surgeon and the environmental impacts experienced by the Apollo crews. The main physiological effects of space flight on the human body reviewed in this presentation are: space motion sickness (SMS), neurovestibular, cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, immune/hematopoietic system and behavioral/psycho-social. Some countermeasures are discussed to these effects.

  7. Theory of function spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Triebel, Hans

    1983-01-01

    The book deals with the two scales Bsp,q and Fsp,q of spaces of distributions, where -8spaces, such as Hölder spaces, Zygmund classes, Sobolev spaces, Besov spaces, Bessel-potential spaces, Hardy spaces and spaces of BMO-type. It is the main aim of this book to give a unified treatment of the corresponding spaces on the Euclidean n-space Rn in the framework of Fourier analysis, which is based on the technique of maximal functions, Fourier multipliers and interpolation assertions. These topics are treated in Chapter 2, which is the heart

  8. Operator calculus on the class of Sato's hyperfunctions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patra M.I.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available We construct a functional calculus for generators of analytic semigroupsof operators on a Banach space. The symbol class of the calculusconsists of hyperfunctions with a compact support in $[0, infty$. Domain of constructedcalculus isdense in the Banach space.

  9. Functional calculus for generators of analytic semigroups of operators

    OpenAIRE

    Lopushansky O.V.; Sharyn S.V.

    2012-01-01

    We construct a functional calculus for generators of one-parameter boundedanalytic semigroups of operators on a Banach space. The calculus symbol classconsist of the Laplace image of the convolution algebra $cal S'_+$ of tempereddistributions with supports in $[0, infty)$. Domain of constructed calculus isdense in the Banach space.

  10. Functional calculus for generators of analytic semigroups of operators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lopushansky O.V.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available We construct a functional calculus for generators of one-parameter boundedanalytic semigroups of operators on a Banach space. The calculus symbol classconsist of the Laplace image of the convolution algebra $cal S'_+$ of tempereddistributions with supports in $[0, infty$. Domain of constructed calculus isdense in the Banach space.

  11. A New Hybrid Iterative Scheme for Countable Families of Relatively Quasi-Nonexpansive Mappings and System of Equilibrium Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yekini Shehu

    2011-01-01

    and strictly convex real Banach space with Kadec-Klee property using the properties of generalized f-projection operator. Using this result, we discuss strong convergence theorem concerning variational inequality and convex minimization problems in Banach spaces. Our results extend many known recent results in the literature.

  12. Hyperbolic spaces in Teichm\\"uller spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Leininger, Christopher J

    2011-01-01

    We prove, for any n, that there is a closed connected orientable surface S so that the hyperbolic space H^n almost-isometrically embeds into the Teichm\\"uller space of S, with quasi-convex image lying in the thick part. As a consequence, H^n quasi-isometrically embeds in the curve complex of S.

  13. New pre-dual space of Morrey space

    OpenAIRE

    Gogatishvili, A. (Amiran); Mustafayev, R. Ch.

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we give new characterization of the classical Morrey space. Complementary global Morrey-type spaces are introduced. It is proved that for particular values of parameters these spaces give new pre-dual space of the classical Morrey space. We also show that our new pre-dual space of the Morrey space coincides with known pre-dual spaces.

  14. New characterizations of Hajlasz-Sobolev spaces on metric spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG; Dachun(杨大春)

    2003-01-01

    This paper introduces the fractional Sobolev spaces on spaces of homogeneous type, includingmetric spaces and fractals. These Sobolev spaces include the well-known Hajfasz-Sobolev spaces as specialmodels. The author establishes various characterizations of (sharp) maximal functions for these spaces. Asapplications, the author identifies the fractional Sobolev spaces with some Lipscitz-type spaces. Moreover,some embedding theorems are also given.

  15. SpaceTech—Postgraduate space education

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Bruijn, Ferdi J.; Ashford, Edward W.; Larson, Wiley J.

    2008-07-01

    SpaceTech is a postgraduate program geared primarily for mid-career space professionals seeking to gain or improve their expertise in space systems engineering and in business engineering. SpaceTech provides a lifelong impact on its participants by broadening their capabilities, encouraging systematic "end-to-end" thinking and preparing them for any technical or business-related engineering challenges they may encounter. This flexible 1-year program offers high competency gain and increased business skills. It is held in attractive locations in a flexible, multi-cultural environment. SpaceTech is a highly effective master's program certified by the esteemed Technical University of Delft (TUD), Netherlands. SpaceTech provides expert instructors who place no barriers between themselves and participants. The program combines innovative and flexible new approaches with time-tested methods to give participants the skills required for future missions and new business, while allowing participants to meet their work commitments at the same time as they study for their master's degree. The SpaceTech program is conducted in separate sessions, generally each of 2-week duration, separated by periods of some 6-8 weeks, during which time participants may return to their normal jobs. It also includes introductory online course material that the participants can study at their leisure. The first session is held at the TUD, with subsequent sessions held at strategic space agency locations. By participating at two or more of these sessions, attendees can earn certificates of satisfactory completion from TU Delft. By participating in all of the sessions, as well as taking part in the companion Central Case Project (CCP), participants earn an accredited and highly respected master's degree in Space Systems Engineering from the TUD. Seven distinct SpaceTech modules are provided during these sessions: Space Mission Analysis and Design, Systems Engineering, Business Engineering

  16. Invariants of directed spaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raussen, Martin

    2007-01-01

    Directed spaces are the objects of study within directed algebraic topology. They are characterised by spaces of directed paths associated to a source and a target, both elements of an underlying topological space. The algebraic topology of these path spaces and their connections are studied from a...... categorical perspective. In particular, we study the preorder category associated to a directed space and various "quotient" categories arising from algebraic topological functors. Furthermore, we propose and study a new notion of directed homotopy equivalence between directed spaces....

  17. Elements of linear space

    CERN Document Server

    Amir-Moez, A R; Sneddon, I N

    1962-01-01

    Elements of Linear Space is a detailed treatment of the elements of linear spaces, including real spaces with no more than three dimensions and complex n-dimensional spaces. The geometry of conic sections and quadric surfaces is considered, along with algebraic structures, especially vector spaces and transformations. Problems drawn from various branches of geometry are given.Comprised of 12 chapters, this volume begins with an introduction to real Euclidean space, followed by a discussion on linear transformations and matrices. The addition and multiplication of transformations and matrices a

  18. Beyond Spaces of Counselling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bank, Mads; Nissen, Morten

    2015-01-01

    The article articulates experiments with spatial constructions in two Danish social work agencies, basing on a) a sketchy genealogical reconstruction of conceptualisations and uses of space in social work and counselling; b) a search for theoretical resources to articulate new spaces, and c) data...... from a long-standing collaboration with the social workers. Beside the classical disciplinary and pastoral spaces, we find spaces of attunement, spaces of production, and public spaces as forms of spatialisations which might be taken as prototypical in attempts to develop social work and counselling....

  19. A Foothold in Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAO BIN

    2011-01-01

    With the successful launch of Tiangong-I (Heavenly Palace -I)unmanned module on September 29,China took a significant step forward in realizing its ambitions in space.China's manned space program consists of three steps.The first step,to send an astronaut into space,was achieved in 2003.The second step,to realize multi-person space flight for extended periods of time,has been fulfilled twice.During China's third manned space flight in 2008,Chinese astronauts walked in space.

  20. China's Space Activities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    China National Space Administration

    2004-01-01

    @@ Currently, space activities are very active around the world. Space technologies continuously expand to various areas of human activities, and space technology and applications are becoming an indispensable part of modern information society,while the development of space science brings a brand-new view to the development of science and technology. The development of space law is not only an important approach to improving people' s quality of lives, expanding the living space of human being, and exploiting new resources, but also an important symbol of the comprehensive strength and civilization of a nation.

  1. [Reflections on physical spaces and mental spaces].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Hung-Yi

    2013-08-01

    This article analyzes certain reciprocal impacts from physical spaces to mental spaces. If the epistemological construction and the spatial imagination from the subject of cogito or the social collectivities are able to influence the construction and creation of the physical spaces of that subject, then the context of that physical space may also affect the cognitive or social subject's mental cognition. This article applies the methodology of iconology from art history (E. Panofsky) and sociology (P. Bourdieu) to explore correlations between the creation of imaginative and physical spaces from the collective consciousness and mental cognition. The author uses Gilles Deleuses's opinion regarding the 17th-century Baroque style and contemporary social collective symptoms as an explanation. From these theoretical studies, the author analyzes the differences of spatial epistemology generated by Taiwan's special geological text. Finally, the author applies Michel Foucault's studies on spatial context to assess the possible application of this thesis of reciprocal impacts from mental spaces to physical spaces in a nursing context. PMID:23922087

  2. [Reflections on physical spaces and mental spaces].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Hung-Yi

    2013-08-01

    This article analyzes certain reciprocal impacts from physical spaces to mental spaces. If the epistemological construction and the spatial imagination from the subject of cogito or the social collectivities are able to influence the construction and creation of the physical spaces of that subject, then the context of that physical space may also affect the cognitive or social subject's mental cognition. This article applies the methodology of iconology from art history (E. Panofsky) and sociology (P. Bourdieu) to explore correlations between the creation of imaginative and physical spaces from the collective consciousness and mental cognition. The author uses Gilles Deleuses's opinion regarding the 17th-century Baroque style and contemporary social collective symptoms as an explanation. From these theoretical studies, the author analyzes the differences of spatial epistemology generated by Taiwan's special geological text. Finally, the author applies Michel Foucault's studies on spatial context to assess the possible application of this thesis of reciprocal impacts from mental spaces to physical spaces in a nursing context.

  3. Occupational Space Medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarver, William J.

    2012-01-01

    Learning Objectives are: (1) Understand the unique work environment of astronauts. (2) Understand the effect microgravity has on human physiology (3) Understand how NASA Space Medicine Division is mitigating the health risks of space missions.

  4. NASA Space Sounds API

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — NASA has released a series of space sounds via sound cloud. We have abstracted away some of the hassle in accessing these sounds, so that developers can play with...

  5. Chinese Space Insurance Opportunities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiuJie

    2005-01-01

    Jiang Tai Insurance Broker Co., Ltd and China Pacific Insurance (group) Co., Ltd jointly held a conference on Space and Space Insurance on January 13 and 14, 2005. About 50 representatives from 30 domestic insurance companies attended the event.

  6. Inform@ed space

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerrum, Peter; Olsen, Kasper Nefer

    2001-01-01

    Inform@ed space Sensorial Perception And Computer Enchancement - bidrag til Nordisk Arkitekturforskningsforenings IT-konference, AAA april 2001.......Inform@ed space Sensorial Perception And Computer Enchancement - bidrag til Nordisk Arkitekturforskningsforenings IT-konference, AAA april 2001....

  7. Space Environment Modeling

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Collection includes presentation materials and outputs from operational space environment models produced by the NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center (SWPC) and...

  8. Reutilizing Existing Library Space.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Marlys Cresap

    1987-01-01

    This discussion of the reutilization of existing library space reviews the decision process and considerations for implementation. Two case studies of small public libraries which reassigned space to better use are provided, including floor plans. (1 reference) (MES)

  9. Space as interface

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lykke-Olesen, Andreas

    2006-01-01

    to conceptualize space as more than the physical container for human activity. I do this by investigating space as interface. Based on a theory of space and place set forth by Tuan (Tuan, 1977), and informed by an explorative research approach, I make the distinction between space and place as a Euclidian space...... with actual use (Hallnäs et al. 2006). The challenge thus becomes understanding space as the interface, and further how intentions can be induced into the design of space in ways that point towards the dimensions of place, when interpreted in actual use situations. By designing and exploring a range......This Ph.D. dissertation takes its offset in the migration of technology and computing power into our physical environment. The consequence of this movement, termed ubiquitous computing (Wieser, 1991), is a new relationship between humans, technology and spaces. In this new context, I seek...

  10. A Conceptual Space Logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nilsson, Jørgen Fischer

    1999-01-01

    Conceptual spaces have been proposed as topological or geometric means for establishing conceptual structures and models. This paper, after briey reviewing conceptual spaces, focusses on the relationship between conceptual spaces and logical concept languages with operations for combining concept...... to form concepts. Speci cally is introduced an algebraic concept logic, for which conceptual spaces are installed as semantic domain as replacement for, or enrichment of, the traditional....

  11. Amarts on Riesz Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wen Chi KUO; Coenraad C.A.LABUSCHAGNE; Bruce A.WATSON

    2008-01-01

    The concepts of conditional expectations, martingales and stopping times were extended to the Riesz space context by Kuo, Labuschagne and Watson (Discrete time stochastic processes on Riesz spaces, Indag. Math., 15 (2004), 435-451). Here we extend the definition of an asymptotic martingale (amart) to the Riesz spaces context, and prove that Riesz space amarts can be decomposed into the sum of a martingale and an adapted sequence convergent to zero. Consequently an amart convergence theorem is deduced.

  12. Coding of auditory space

    OpenAIRE

    Konishi­, Masakazu

    2003-01-01

    Behavioral, anatomical, and physiological approaches can be integrated in the study of sound localization in barn owls. Space representation in owls provides a useful example for discussion of place and ensemble coding. Selectivity for space is broad and ambiguous in low-order neurons. Parallel pathways for binaural cues and for different frequency bands converge on high-order space-specific neurons, which encode space more precisely. An ensemble of broadly tuned place-coding neurons may conv...

  13. 46 CFR 154.1210 - Hold space, void space, cofferdam, and spaces containing cargo piping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Hold space, void space, cofferdam, and spaces containing... Design, Construction and Equipment Cargo Area: Mechanical Ventilation System § 154.1210 Hold space, void space, cofferdam, and spaces containing cargo piping. (a) Each hold space, void space, cofferdam,...

  14. Space tourism risks: A space insurance perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bensoussan, Denis

    2010-06-01

    Space transportation is inherently risky to humans, whether they are trained astronauts or paying tourists, given that spaceflight is still in its relative infancy. However, this is easy to forget when subjected to the hype often associated with space tourism and the ventures seeking to enter that market. The development of commercial spaceflight constitutes a challenge as much as a great opportunity to the insurance industry as new risks emerge and standards, policies and procedures to minimise/mitigate and cover them still to be engineered. Therefore the creation of a viable and affordable insurance regime for future space tourists is a critical step in the development of a real space tourism market to address burning risk management issues that may otherwise ultimately hamper this nascent industry before it has a chance to prove itself.

  15. Scales in space

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veen, van der Anne; Otter, Henriëtte S.

    2002-01-01

    Economists have devoted more attention to the scale of time than to the scale of space. What has been done in the field of space is often general and abstract, not connected to an explicit observation set in time and space. Moreover, time scales and spatial scales are not tied, making the choice for

  16. Space Systems Academic Group

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    The Space Systems Academic Group (SSAG) along with eight academic departments is an integral part of the Graduate School of Engineering and Applied Sciences. As an interdisciplinary association of professors it provides direction and guidance for two curricula: Space Systems Engineering and Space Systems Operations.

  17. Dependent Probability Spaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, William F.; Shiflett, Ray C.; Shultz, Harris

    2008-01-01

    The mathematical model used to describe independence between two events in probability has a non-intuitive consequence called dependent spaces. The paper begins with a very brief history of the development of probability, then defines dependent spaces, and reviews what is known about finite spaces with uniform probability. The study of finite…

  18. Function spaces, 1

    CERN Document Server

    Pick, Luboš; John, Oldrich; Fucík, Svatopluk

    2012-01-01

    This is the first part of the second revised and extended edition of a well established monograph. It is an introduction to function spaces defined in terms of differentiability and integrability classes. It provides a catalogue of various spaces and benefits as a handbook for those who use function spaces to study other topics such as partial differential equations. Volum

  19. New Special Finsler Spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Youssef, Nabil L

    2016-01-01

    The pullback approach to global Finsler geometry is adopted. Some new types of special Finsler spaces are introduced and investigated, namely, Ricci, generalized Ricci, projectively recurrent and m-projectively recurrent Finsler spaces. The properties of these special Finsler spaces are studied and the relations between them are singled out.

  20. New Window to Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Ground has been broken for a new space launch complex in Hainan Province china on September 14 began building a space launch center on tropical Hainan Island and continued to construct the foundations for the nation’s sophisticated space program.

  1. On Real Operator Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhong Jin RUAN (Zhong-Jin Ruan)

    2003-01-01

    During the last ten to fifteen years , a lot of progress has been achieved in the study ofcomplex operator spaces. In this paper, we show that a corresponding theory can be developed forreal operator spaces. With some appropriate modifications, many complex results still hold for realoperator spaces.

  2. Symmetric Spaces in Supergravity

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrara, Sergio

    2008-01-01

    We exploit the relation among irreducible Riemannian globally symmetric spaces (IRGS) and supergravity theories in 3, 4 and 5 space-time dimensions. IRGS appear as scalar manifolds of the theories, as well as moduli spaces of the various classes of solutions to the classical extremal black hole Attractor Equations. Relations with Jordan algebras of degree three and four are also outlined.

  3. On generalized topological spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Piȩkosz, Artur

    2009-01-01

    In this paper a systematic study of the category GTS of generalized topological spaces (in the sense of H. Delfs and M. Knebusch) and their strictly continuous mappings begins. Some completeness and cocompleteness results are achieved. Generalized topological spaces help to reconstruct the important elements of the theory of locally definable and weakly definable spaces in the wide context of weakly topological structures.

  4. Augmented Spinor Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiuhong FENG; Lin ZHU; Yanlin YU

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, based on the Pauli matrices, a notion of augmented spinor space is introduced, and a uniqueness of such augmented spinor space of rank n is proved. It may be expected that this new notion of spaces can be used in mathematical physics and geometry.

  5. Spaces of valuations

    OpenAIRE

    Heckmann, Reinhold

    1995-01-01

    Valuations are measure-like functions mapping the open sets of a topological space into positive real numbers. They can be classified according to some additional properties. Some topological spaces are defined whose elements are valuations from various classes. The relationships among these spaces are studied, and universal properties are shown for some of them.

  6. Deep Space Telecommunications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuiper, T. B. H.; Resch, G. M.

    2000-01-01

    The increasing load on NASA's deep Space Network, the new capabilities for deep space missions inherent in a next-generation radio telescope, and the potential of new telescope technology for reducing construction and operation costs suggest a natural marriage between radio astronomy and deep space telecommunications in developing advanced radio telescope concepts.

  7. A Foothold in Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    With the successful launch of Tiangong-1 (Heavenly Palace-1) unmanned module on September 29,China took a significant step forward in realizing its ambitions in space.China’s manned space program consists of three steps.The first step,to send an astronaut into space,was achieved in 2003.The

  8. Affordable Space Tourism: SpaceStationSim

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    For over 5 years, people have been living and working in space on the International Space Station (ISS), a state-of-the-art laboratory complex orbiting high above the Earth. Offering a large, sustained microgravity environment that cannot be duplicated on Earth, the ISS furthers humankind s knowledge of science and how the body functions for extended periods of time in space all of which will prove vital on long-duration missions to Mars. On-orbit construction of the station began in November 1998, with the launch of the Russian Zarya Control Module, which provided battery power and fuel storage. This module was followed by additional components and supplies over the course of several months. In November 2000, the first ISS Expedition crew moved in. Since then, the ISS has continued to change and evolve. The space station is currently 240 feet wide, measured across the solar arrays, and 171 feet long, from the NASA Destiny Laboratory to the Russian Zvezda Habitation Module. It is 90 feet tall, and it weighs approximately 404,000 pounds. Crews inhabit a living space of about 15,000 cubic feet. To date, 90 scientific investigations have been conducted on the space station. New results from space station research, from basic science to exploration research, are being published each month, and more breakthroughs are likely to come. It is not all work on the space station, though. The orbiting home affords many of the comforts one finds on Earth. There is a weightless "weight room" and even a musical keyboard alongside research facilities. Holidays are observed, and with them, traditional foods such as turkey and cobbler are eaten, with lemonade to wash them down

  9. Recursive space: play and creating space

    OpenAIRE

    Wood, Aylish

    2012-01-01

    Space is reconfigured through the participations of both gamers and the game, where game is understood as the programming and hardware of a game technology. Extending our understandings of the contributions of both gamer and game, the outcome of play emerges as the agencies of each are co-constituted. This space is recursive, based on feedback between the state of the game (relations between the objects) and the state of the gamer, which includes their knowledge, skill, mood and attention. Th...

  10. TANK SPACE OPTIONS REPORT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    WILLIS WL; AHRENDT MR

    2009-08-11

    Since this report was originally issued in 2001, several options proposed for increasing double-shell tank (DST) storage space were implemented or are in the process of implementation. Changes to the single-shell tank (SST) waste retrieval schedule, completion of DST space saving options, and the DST space saving options in progress have delayed the projected shortfall of DST storage space from the 2007-2011 to the 2018-2025 timeframe (ORP-11242, River Protection Project System Plan). This report reevaluates options from Rev. 0 and includes evaluations of new options for alleviating projected restrictions on SST waste retrieval beginning in 2018 because of the lack of DST storage space.

  11. TANK SPACE OPTIONS REPORT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since this report was originally issued in 2001, several options proposed for increasing double-shell tank (DST) storage space were implemented or are in the process of implementation. Changes to the single-shell tank (SST) waste retrieval schedule, completion of DST space saving options, and the DST space saving options in progress have delayed the projected shortfall of DST storage space from the 2007-2011 to the 2018-2025 timeframe (ORP-11242, River Protection Project System Plan). This report reevaluates options from Rev. 0 and includes evaluations of new options for alleviating projected restrictions on SST waste retrieval beginning in 2018 because of the lack of DST storage space.

  12. At Home in Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China’s manned space station ambitions take shape with the launch of a prototype module CHINA’S first unmanned space module Tiangong-1,or Heavenly Palace-1,successfully lifted off from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in northwest China’s Gansu Province on September 29."The successful launch of the 8.5-ton prototype space laboratory has opened the gates for China’s deep space exploration program,"said Qi Faren,former chief designer of China’s Shenzhou space-

  13. Low cost space.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tischler, A. O.

    1973-01-01

    It is pointed out that a contradiction between boundless space and limited resources has put the space program in the distressing position of cutting good and worthy projects from its activities during this decade. One approach to ameliorate the situation is to increase the productivity of space activities by greater utilization of the equipment developed for its projects. The Space Shuttle constitutes the first big step in that direction. The reusable character of the Shuttle orbiter will cut operational costs by permitting recovery and reuse of payload equipment through routine round-trip operations to space.

  14. At Home in Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yin Pumin

    2011-01-01

    CHINA'S first unmanned space module Tiangong-1,or Heavenly Palace-1,successfully lifted off from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in northwest China's Gansu Province on September 29."The successfullaunch of the 8.5-ton prototype space laboratory has opened the gates for China's deep space exploration program," said Qi Faren,former chief designer of China's Shenzhou spacecraft."It is a decisive leap forward for the Chinese space industry and will bring about the rapid development of space science and related technologies."

  15. Venturing Further Into Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YIN PUMIN

    2011-01-01

    China's first unmanNed space module Tiangong-Ⅰ,or Heavenly Palace-Ⅰ,successfully lifted off from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in northwest China's Gansu Province on September 29."The successful launch of the 8.5-ton prototype space laboratory has opened the gates for China's deep space exploration program," said Qi Faren,former chief designer of China's Shenzhou spacecraft.“It is a decisive leap forward for the Chinese space industry and will bring about the rapid development of space science and related techologies."

  16. Optimization Research of Urban Space Configuration Based on Space Syntax

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhu Qing; Wang Jingwen

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, a new method based on the space syntax is presented to optimize the urban space configuration. Space syntax theory is used to detect systematically whether one urban space configuration is optimal or not from four aspects including traffic space, cognition space, land use space and culture space. After introducing the computational and cognitive aspects of space syntax for the research of urban space, a framework of urban space optimization based on space syntax is proposed, then the integration with GIS and the extension to third dimension are discussed. Finally, a case study for Kanmen town of Zhejiang province of P.R.China is illustrated by using Axwoman tool.

  17. Space Food Systems Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perchonok, Michele; Russo, Dane M. (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    The Space Food Systems Laboratory (SFSL) is a multipurpose laboratory responsible for space food and package research and development. It is located on-site at Johnson Space Center in Building 17. The facility supports the development of flight food, menus, packaging and food related hardware for Shuttle, International Space Station, and Advanced Life Support food systems. All foods used to support NASA ground tests and/or missions must meet the highest standards before they are 'accepted' for use on actual space flights. The foods are evaluated for nutritional content, sensory acceptability, safety, storage and shelf life, and suitability for use in micro-gravity. The food packaging is also tested to determine its functionality and suitability for use in space. Food Scientist, Registered Dieticians, Packaging Engineers, Food Systems Engineers, and Technicians staff the Space Food Systems Laboratory.

  18. Space Qualified Heterogeneous Processing Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Space Micro proposes to develop a radiation hardened, monolithic, heterogeneous processor for space imaging and radar systems. High performance processors are...

  19. INFORMATION SPACE– EDUCATIONAL SPACE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica LIA

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper has set the objective of researching how education is influenced by the information society. The first step was to define more precisely the information space. The second step was to identify how information space intersects with the family space and institutional space educational levels represented by pre-school / school and pre-university (kindergarten, at elementary / middle school / high school. Interrelationship between the above mentioned areas was another objective of the research. All these elements have been investigated through the original intention to identify how the information space can become an educational tool to support the family space, education and institutional space. Also, the aim of this research is to offer some solutions in this regard. Often the educational efforts appear to be blocked by the existence of this space. But this paper demonstrates that Informational space can be an enemy of the educational system or can support systems if we knew the internal structure and mechanisms. We can make the Informational Space to work in order to accomplish the educational scope.

  20. Space Resources Roundtable 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ignatiev, A.

    2000-01-01

    Contents include following: Developing Technologies for Space Resource Utilization - Concept for a Planetary Engineering Research Institute. Results of a Conceptual Systems Analysis of Systems for 200 m Deep Sampling of the Martian Subsurface. The Role of Near-Earth Asteroids in Long-Term Platinum Supply. Core Drilling for Extra-Terrestrial Mining. Recommendations by the "LSP and Manufacturing" Group to the NSF-NASA Workshop on Autonomous Construction and Manufacturing for Space Electrical Power Systems. Plasma Processing of Lunar and Planetary Materials. Percussive Force Magnitude in Permafrost. Summary of the Issues Regarding the Martian Subsurface Explorer. A Costing Strategy for Manufacturing in Orbit Using Extraterrestrial Resources. Mine Planning for Asteroid Orebodies. Organic-based Dissolution of Silicates: A New Approach to Element Extraction from LunarRegohth. Historic Frontier Processes Active in Future Space-based Mineral Extraction. The Near-Earth Space Surveillance (NIESS) Mission: Discovery, Tracking, and Characterization of Asteroids, Comets, and Artificial Satellites with a microsatellite. Privatized Space Resource Property Ownership. The Fabrication of Silicon Solar Cells on the Moon Using In-Situ Resources. A New Strategy for Exploration Technology Development: The Human Exploration and Development of Space (HEDS) Exploratiori/Commercialization Technology Initiative. Space Resources for Space Tourism. Recovery of Volatiles from the Moon and Associated Issues. Preliminary Analysis of a Small Robot for Martian Regolith Excavation. The Registration of Space-based Property. Continuous Processing with Mars Gases. Drilling and Logging in Space; An Oil-Well Perspective. LORPEX for Power Surges: Drilling, Rock Crushing. An End-To-End Near-Earth Asteroid Resource Exploitation Plan. An Engineering and Cost Model for Human Space Settlement Architectures: Focus on Space Hotels and Moon/Mars Exploration. The Development and Realization of a Silicon-60-based