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Sample records for bakelite rpc prototypes

  1. Study of Performance of Bakelite Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC)

    CERN Document Server

    Ganai, R; Roy, A; Muduli, B; Chattopadhyay, S; Ahammed, Z; Das, G; Ramnarayan, S

    2016-01-01

    Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) is a type of gaseous detector having excellent time and position resolutions. VECC is involved in the R\\&D of indigenously developed bakelite RPCs. The largest size of bakelite RPC developed in India is 100 cm $\\times$ 100 cm. We present here the test results of a bakelite sample along with the cosmic ray test results of a bakelite RPC (30 cm $\\times$ 30 cm $\\times$ 0.2cm) fabricated at VECC. The steps taken towards the development of a large size (240 cm $\\times$ 120 cm $\\times$ 0.2 cm) bakelite RPC have also been discussed.

  2. Study of Performance of Bakelite Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC)

    OpenAIRE

    Ganai, R.; Agarwal, K.; Roy, A; Muduli, B.; Chattopadhyay, S; Ahammed, Z.; G Das; Ramnarayan, S.

    2016-01-01

    Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) is a type of gaseous detector having excellent time and position resolutions. VECC is involved in the R\\&D of indigenously developed bakelite RPCs. The largest size of bakelite RPC developed in India is 100 cm $\\times$ 100 cm. We present here the test results of a bakelite sample along with the cosmic ray test results of a bakelite RPC (30 cm $\\times$ 30 cm $\\times$ 0.2cm) fabricated at VECC. The steps taken towards the development of a large size (240 cm $\\times...

  3. Study of Glass and Bakelite Properties as Electrodes in RPC

    CERN Document Server

    Manisha,; Shahi, J S

    2016-01-01

    India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) collaboration is planning to build a magnetized Iron-CALorimeter detector (ICAL) for the study of atmospheric neutrinos. ICAL detector consists of 151 layers of magnetized iron plates interleaved with Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs) as active detector elements with a total mass of 50 kton. Resistive Plate Chambers are gaseous detectors made up of two parallel electrodes of high bulk resistivity like float glass and bakelite. These detectors are extensively used in several high energy physics experiments since 1980s because of high count rate, excellent time as well as spatial resolutions, simple to fabricate and operate. Due to detector aging issue, it is necessary to characterize electrode material so as to select appropriate electrode material before fabricating the detector. In the present studies, we measured bulk resistivity and surface current of glass as well as bakelite. Bulk resistivity of bakelite is ~ 100 times less than that of glass and surface current of ba...

  4. Oxygen ion implantation induced microstructural changes and electrical conductivity in Bakelite RPC detector material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, K. V. Aneesh; Ranganathaiah, C.; Kumarswamy, G. N.; Ravikumar, H. B.

    2016-05-01

    In order to explore the structural modification induced electrical conductivity, samples of Bakelite Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) detector materials were exposed to 100 keV Oxygen ion in the fluences of 1012, 1013, 1014 and 1015 ions/cm2. Ion implantation induced microstructural changes have been studied using Positron Annihilation Lifetime Spectroscopy (PALS) and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) techniques. Positron lifetime parameters viz., o-Ps lifetime and its intensity shows the deposition of high energy interior track and chain scission leads to the formation of radicals, secondary ions and electrons at lower ion implantation fluences (1012 to1014 ions/cm2) followed by cross-linking at 1015 ions/cm2 fluence due to the radical reactions. The reduction in electrical conductivity of Bakelite detector material is correlated to the conducting pathways and cross-links in the polymer matrix. The appropriate implantation energy and fluence of Oxygen ion on polymer based Bakelite RPC detector material may reduce the leakage current, improves the efficiency, time resolution and thereby rectify the aging crisis of the RPC detectors.

  5. Study of RPC bakelite electrodes and detector performance for INO-ICAL

    CERN Document Server

    Kumar, Ashok; Hasbuddin, Md; Kumar, Praveen; Kumar, Purnendu; Kaur, Daljeet; Mishra, Swati; Naimuddin, Md

    2014-01-01

    The Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs) are going to be used as the active detectors in the India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO)-Iron Calorimeter (ICAL) experiment for the detection and study of atmospheric neutrinos. In this paper, an extensive study of structural and electrical properties for different kind of bakelite RPC electrodes is presented. RPCs fabricated from these electrodes are tested for their detector efficiency and noise rate. The study concludes with the variation of efficiency, leakage current and counting rate over the period of operation with different gas compositions and operational conditions like temperature and relative humidity.

  6. An RPC-PET prototype with high spatial resolution

    OpenAIRE

    Blanco, A.; Carolino, N.; Correia, C. M. B. A.; Marques, R. Ferreira; P. Fonte(LIP-Laboratório de Instrumentação e Física Experimental de Partículas, Portugal); González-Díaz, D.; Lindote, A.; Lopes, M.I.; Macedo, M. P.; Policarpo, A.

    2004-01-01

    A small positron emission tomography system, based on the timing RPC technology has been built and tested. This first prototype is aimed at validating the expectations, derived from simulations, of a very high spatial resolution, which could be of value for the imaging of small animals. The system is composed of two counting heads, able to measure the photon interaction point in two dimensions, the transaxial dimension and the Depth of Interaction. Each head is composed of 16 independent stac...

  7. Noise studies on the PHENIX RPC1 prototype

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarndt, Emily

    2011-10-01

    An important goal of the PHENIX collaboration at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider is to measure the spin contributions of sea quarks to the overall spin of the proton. The detection of W-bosons resulting from polarized p-p collisions enables us to directly probe and separate by flavor the spin dependent quark and anti-quark distributions in the proton. In order to improve the trigger efficiency for final state muons with high transverse momentum from W-boson decay, the muon spectrometers in PHENIX are being upgraded with fast front-end electronics for the cathode strip tracking chambers and with two stations of Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs). A prototype of RPC1, the RPC station near the collision point upstream of the muon tracking magnet, was tested in a cosmic ray test stand including detailed studies of the signal noise: we have carried out an optimization of the threshold used in the RPC pre-amplifier, characterized the noise for different high voltage settings and front-end shielding configurations, and measured the average noise rates. These studies have led to the final techniques used for the RPC1 detector assembly and to the choice of operating parameters for the detector.

  8. An RPC-PET prototype with high spatial resolution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A small positron emission tomography system, based on the timing RPC technology has been built and tested. This first prototype is aimed at validating the expectations, derived from simulations, of a very high spatial resolution, which could be of value for the imaging of small animals. The system is composed of two counting heads, able to measure the photon interaction point in two dimensions, the transaxial dimension and the Depth of Interaction. Each head is composed of 16 independent stacked RPCs made from copper and glass (anode) electrodes. Point-like 22Na sources were so far reconstructed, using the standard filtered back-projection algorithm, with a spatial accuracy of 0.6 mm FWHM, free of parallax error

  9. Establishing the test platform for the Daya Bay RPC readout prototype system on NIM

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It describes the establishing of the test platform for the Daya Bay RPC Readout Prototype System on NIM. Based on the test platform, a series of tests have been done for the RPC detector and FEC card. The data from those tests provide valuable references for future works. (authors)

  10. Influence of Temperature and Humidity on Bakelite Resistivity

    CERN Document Server

    Arnaldi, R; Barret, V; Bastid, N; Blanchard, G; Chiavassa, E; Cortese, P; Crochet, Philippe; Dellacasa, G; De Marco, N; Dupieux, P; Espagnon, B; Fargeix, J; Ferretti, A; Gallio, M; Lamoine, L; Luquin, Lionel; Manso, F; Mereu, P; Métivier, V; Musso, A; Oppedisano, C; Piccotti, A; Rahmani, A; Royer, L; Roig, O; Scalas, E; Scomparin, E; Vercellin, Ermanno

    1999-01-01

    Presentation made at RPC99 and submitted to Elsevier PreprintThe use of phenolic or melaminic bakelite as RPC electrodes is widespread. The electrode resistivity is an important parameter for the RPC performance. As recent studies have pointed out, the bakelite resistivity changes with temperature and is influenced by humidity. In order to gain a quantitative understanding on the influence of temperature and humidity on RPC electrodes, we assembled an apparatus to measure resistivity in well-controlled conditions. A detailed description of the experimental set-up as well as the first resistivity measurements for various laminates in different environmental conditions are presented.

  11. A new type of RPC for the VETO of JUNO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, B.; Wang, Y.; Guo, B.; Zhu, W.; Li, Y.; Cheng, J.

    2014-10-01

    The capability of covering very large areas at low cost, besides showing excellent performance in many aspects, motivated the application of RPCs to Neutrino physics research in experiments such as Daya Bay neutrino experiment. However, some of the traditional bakelite RPCs cannot work well in these hash underground environments. This paper mainly describes a new type of RPC for the VETO detector of JUNO. It is developed with thin float glass, and a special necklace spacer is designed to keep the gap uniformity. The RPC is sealed in a gas tight box, so it will not be affected directly by ambient environment and it can work well in humid condition underground. A one-dimensional and a two-dimensional readout RPC prototypes have been developed and tested in our lab. The results show that the detection efficiency can reach as high as 98% and the noise rate is less than 1 Hz/cm2 both in the avalanche mode and streamer mode. The dark current is much lower than the traditional Bakelite RPC. Some details of the structure and performance of the new type of RPC are all described in this paper.

  12. A new type of RPC for the VETO of JUNO

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The capability of covering very large areas at low cost, besides showing excellent performance in many aspects, motivated the application of RPCs to Neutrino physics research in experiments such as Daya Bay neutrino experiment. However, some of the traditional bakelite RPCs cannot work well in these hash underground environments. This paper mainly describes a new type of RPC for the VETO detector of JUNO. It is developed with thin float glass, and a special necklace spacer is designed to keep the gap uniformity. The RPC is sealed in a gas tight box, so it will not be affected directly by ambient environment and it can work well in humid condition underground. A one-dimensional and a two-dimensional readout RPC prototypes have been developed and tested in our lab. The results show that the detection efficiency can reach as high as 98% and the noise rate is less than 1 Hz/cm2 both in the avalanche mode and streamer mode. The dark current is much lower than the traditional Bakelite RPC. Some details of the structure and performance of the new type of RPC are all described in this paper

  13. Performance of a multigap RPC prototype for the LHCb muon system

    CERN Document Server

    Colrain, P; De Paula, L S; Gandelman, M; Lamas-Valverde, J; Moraes, D; Polycarpo, E; Schmidt, B; Schneider, T; Wright, A; Maréchal, B

    2000-01-01

    Several technologies are under consideration for the muon system of the LHCb experiment. Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs) are one of the favourite candidates for the outer areas where the particle fluxes are expected to be at most some kHz/cm/sup 2/. This work describes the results obtained with a multigap RPC prototype under various beam conditions at the CERN facilities. (9 refs).

  14. Test beam Results of the Forward RPC Prototype Chamber for the CMS Muon Detector

    CERN Document Server

    Aftab, Zia; Hoorani, Hafeez R; Jan, J A; Khan, Mohammad Khalid; Solaija, Tariq

    2001-01-01

    A full size prototype of the second forward RPC station (RE2/2) for the CMS detector has been tested during the 2000 beam test. The prototype was exposed to high irradiation flux using the CERN Gamma Irradiation Facility (GIF) and the 200 GeV muon beam from X5 beamline. We have studied number of chamber parameters which are relevant for the trigger such as: time resolution, efficiency, cluster size and rate capability. We have used two different gas mixtures to understand the effect of SF6 on the efficiency plateau and the rate capability of the chamber. We have also studied the intrinsic chamber rate for different discrimination thresholds.

  15. Design and prototype tests of the RPC system for the OPERA spectrometers

    CERN Document Server

    Dusini, S; Borsato, E; Brugnera, R; Camilleri, L L; Dal Corso, F; Di Lella, L; Ereditato, A; Fanin, C; Garfagnini, A; Heritier, C; Jacovcic, K; Longhin, A; Mengucci, S; Parascandolo, P

    2003-01-01

    The Inner Tracker system of the spectrometers of the OPERA experiment makes use of Resistive Plate Chambers (RPC) in a large-scale application. We present here the definition of the project and the full design of the Inner Tracker. Specific performances for the OPERA-RPC in the spectrometer are also reported. Particle detection, muon identification and trigger capability are discussed, in particular. Some results from test beam (T9 and T7 lines at the CERN PS) and measurements from laboratory test (CERN, Frascati, Padova, Gran Sasso) with prototype detectors are discussed, as well as specific solutions developed for the final set-up in OPERA. Full Monte Carlo simulations of the experimental set-up have been also developed.

  16. Design and prototype tests of the RPC system for the OPERA spectrometers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Inner Tracker system of the spectrometers of the OPERA experiment makes use of Resistive Plate Chambers (RPC) in a large-scale application. We present here the definition of the project and the full design of the Inner Tracker. Specific performances for the OPERA-RPC in the spectrometer are also reported. Particle detection, muon identification and trigger capability are discussed, in particular. Some results from test beam (T9 and T7 lines at the CERN PS) and measurements from laboratory test (CERN, Frascati, Padova, Gran Sasso) with prototype detectors are discussed, as well as specific solutions developed for the final set-up in OPERA. Full Monte Carlo simulations of the experimental set-up have been also developed

  17. Radiation Tests of Real-Sized Prototype RPCs for the Future CMS RPC Upscope

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, K S; Hong, B.S.; Jo, M.; Kang, J.W.; Kang, M.; Kim, H.; Lee, K.; Parka, S.K.; Cimmino, A.; Crucy, S.; Fagot, A.; Gul, M.; Rios, A.A.O.; Tytgat, M.; Zaganidis, N.; Ali, S.; Assran, Y.; Radi, A.; Sayed, A.; Singh, G.; Abbrescia, M.; Iaselli, G.; Maggi, M.; Pugliese, G.; Verwilligen, P.; van Doninck, W.; Colafranceschi, S.; Sharma, A.; Benussi, L.; Bianco, S.; Piccolo, D.; Primavera, F.; Bhatnagar, V.; Kumar, R.; Metha, A.; Singhi, J.; Ahmad, A.; Ahmad, M.; Hassan, Q.; Hoorani, H.R.; Khan, W.A.; Khurshid, T.; Kim, D.H.; Nam, S.K.; Goutzvitz, M.; Grenier, G.; Lagarde, F.; Laktineh, I.B.; Bernardino, S. Carpinteyro; Estrada, C. Uribe; Pedrazan, I.; Moreno, S. Carrillo; Valenciao, F. Vazquez; Pantp, L.M.; Buontempo, S.; Cavallo, N.; Esposito, M.; Fabozzi, F.; Lanza, G.; Lista, L.; Meola, S.; Merola, M.; Orso, I.; Paolucci, P.; Thyssenq, F.; Braghieri, A.; Magnani, A.; Montagna, P.; Riccardi, C.; Salvini, P.; Vai, I.; Vitulo, P.; Ban, Y.; Qian, S.J.; Choit, M.; Choi, Y.; Goh, J.; Kim, D.; Aleksandrov, A.; Hadjiiska, R.; Iaydjiev, P.; Rodozov, M.; Stoykova, S.; Sultanov, G.; Vutova, M.; Dimitrov, A.; Litov, L.; Pavlov, B.; Petkov, P.; Lomidze, D.; Avila, C.; Cabrera, A.; Sanabria, J.C.; Crotty, I.; Vaitkus, J.

    2016-01-01

    We report on a systematic study of double-gap and four-gap phenolic resistive plate chambers (RPCs) for future high-{\\eta} RPC triggers in the CMS. In the present study, we constructed real-sized double-gap and four-gap RPCs with gap thicknesses of 1.6 and 0.8 mm, respectively, with 2-mm-thick phenolic high-pressure-laminated (HPL) plates. We examined the prototype RPCs for cosmic rays and 100 GeV muons provided by the SPS H4 beam line at CERN. We applied maximum gamma rates of 1.5 kHz cm-2 provided by 137Cs sources at Korea University and the GIF++ irradiation facility installed at the SPS H4 beam line to examine the rate capabilities of the prototype RPCs. In contrast to the case of the four-gap RPCs, we found the relatively high threshold was conducive to effectively suppressing the rapid increase of strip cluster sizes of muon hits with high voltage, especially when measuring the narrow-pitch strips. The gamma-induced currents drawn in the four-gap RPC were about one-fourth of those drawn in the double-ga...

  18. Aspects of operational conditions of a double gap prototype RPC for the CMS/LHC experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents the results from cosmic ray tests performed in the framework of R and D effort on the forward Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) for CMS. A double gap RPC of dimensions 50x50 cm2 with 2 mm gas gaps was tested. We report data on the use of tetrafluorethane-based gas mixture, with additions of water vapour and SF6. Efficiency, time resolution and cross-talk behaviour of the detector were investigated

  19. Performance of the prototype gas recirculation system with built-in RGA for INO RPC system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An open loop gas recovery and recirculation system has been developed for the INO RPC system. The gas mixture coming from RPC exhaust is first desiccated by passing through molecular sieve (3 Å+4 Å). Subsequent scrubbing over basic active alumina removes toxic and acidic contaminants. The Isobutane and Freon are then separated by diffusion and liquefied by fractional condensation by cooling up to -26∘C. A Residual Gas Analyser (RGA) is being used in the loop to study the performance of the recirculation system. The results of the RGA analysis will be discussed.

  20. Development of linseed oil-free bakelite resistive plate chambers

    CERN Document Server

    Biswas, S; Bose, S; Chattopadhyay, S; Saha, S; Viyogi, Y P

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we would like to present a few characteristics of the Resistive Plate Chambers (RPC) made of a particular grade of bakelite paper laminates (P-120, NEMA LI-1989 Grade XXX), produced and commercially available in India. This particular grade is used for high voltage insulation in humid conditions. The chambers are tested with cosmic rays in the streamer mode using argon, tetrafluroethane and isobutane in 34:59:7 mixing ratio. In the first set of detectors made with such grade, a thin coating of silicone fluid on the inner surfaces of the bakelite was found to be necessary for operation of the detector. Those silicone coated RPCs were found to give satisfactory performance with stable efficiency of >90% continuously for a long period as reported earlier. Results of the crosstalk measurement of these silicone coated RPC will be presented in this paper. Very recently RPCs made with the same grade of bakelite but having better surface finish, are found to give equivalent performance even without any ...

  1. Beam test results of the first full-scale prototype of CMS RE 1/2 Resistive Plate Chamber

    CERN Document Server

    Ying, Jun; Cai Jian Xin; Liu Hong Tao; Qian Si Jin; Wang Quan Jin; Ye Yan Lin

    2005-01-01

    We reported the muon beam test results of the first full-scale prototype of CMS RE 1/2 Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC). The bakelite surface is treated using a special technology without oil to make it smooth enough. The full scale RE 1/2 RPC with honeycomb supporting frame is strong and thin enough to be fitted to the limited space of CMS design for the inner Forward RPC. The muon beam test was performed at CERN Gamma Irradiation Facility (GIF). The detection efficiency of this full scale RPC prototype is >95% even at very high irradiation background. The time resolution (less than 1.2 ns) and spatial resolution are satisfactory for the muon trigger device in future CMS experiments. The noise rate is also calculated and discussed.

  2. Laser beam characterization of the ATLAS RPC gas mixture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chiodini, G. [INFN Lecce, via per Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy); Coluccia, M.R.; Gorini, E. [INFN Lecce, via per Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita degli Studi di Lecce, via per Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy); Grancagnolo, F.; Primavera, M. [INFN Lecce, via per Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy)

    2007-10-15

    A measurement of the electrons drift velocity in C{sub 2}H{sub 2}F{sub 4}-based gas mixture has been performed and results have been compared with calculations. Primary ionization is induced in the gas via double photon ionization process by mean of a pulsed Nitrogen laser. The results of the drift velocity, obtained at room temperature and normal pressure, are presented as a function of the electric field strength. To perform the measurements we used a small sized RPC prototype with a 2 mm gas gap delimited by 2mm-thick linseed-oil-treated bakelite plates with resistivity of about 1.71x10{sup 10}{omega} cm at 20{sup o}C.

  3. Laser beam characterization of the ATLAS RPC gas mixture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A measurement of the electrons drift velocity in C2H2F4-based gas mixture has been performed and results have been compared with calculations. Primary ionization is induced in the gas via double photon ionization process by mean of a pulsed Nitrogen laser. The results of the drift velocity, obtained at room temperature and normal pressure, are presented as a function of the electric field strength. To perform the measurements we used a small sized RPC prototype with a 2 mm gas gap delimited by 2mm-thick linseed-oil-treated bakelite plates with resistivity of about 1.71x1010Ω cm at 20oC

  4. RPC simulations

    CERN Document Server

    Riegler, W

    2000-01-01

    This note discusses simulation results of several important RPC performance characteristics. We discuss single gap RPCs with 2mm gap that are used in ATLAS and LHCb. Signal formation as well as the dependence of the time resolution on amplifier characteristics and noise are discussed. The signal propagation along the RPC strips, ideal termination networks and crosstalk are analyzed in detail. Primary ionization was calculated with HEED [1], the electrical RPC parameters and fields were calculated with MAXWELL[2]. The signal propagation was simulated with PSPICE [3] and MATHEMATICA [4].

  5. MUON DETECTORS: RPC

    CERN Multimedia

    P. Paolucci

    2013-01-01

    During LS1, the Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) collaboration is focusing its efforts on installation and commissioning of the fourth endcap station (RE4) and on the reparation and maintenance of the present system (1100 detectors). The 600 bakelite gaps, needed to build 200 double-gap RE4 chambers are being produced in Korea. Chamber construction and testing sites are located at CERN, in Ghent University, and at BARC (India). At present, 42 chambers have been assembled, 32 chambers have been successfully tested with cosmic rays runs and 7 Super Modules, made by two chambers, have been built at CERN by a Bulgarian/Georgian/Italian team and are now ready to be installed in the positive endcap. The 36 Super Modules needed to complete the positive endcap will be ready in September and installation is scheduled for October 2013. The Link-Board system for RE4 is under construction in Naples. Half of the system has been delivered at CERN in June. Six crates (Link-Board Boxes) and 75 boards, needed to instrument t...

  6. Fabrication and Characterisation of Oil-Free Large Bakelite Resistive Plate Chamber

    CERN Document Server

    Ganai, Rajesh; Agarwal, Kshitij; Ahammed, Zubayer; Choudhury, Subikash; Chattopadhyay, Subhasis

    2015-01-01

    A large (240 cm $\\times$ 120 cm $\\times$ 0.2 cm) oil-free bakelite Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) has been developed at VECC-Kolkata using locally available P-301 OLTC grade bakelite paper laminates. The chamber has been operated in streamer mode using Argon, Freon(R134a) and Iso-butane in a ratio of 34:57:9 by volume. The electrodes and glue samples were characterised by measuring their electrical parameters like bulk resistivity and surface resistivity. The performance of the chamber was studied by measuring the efficiency, time resolution and uniformity in detection of cosmic muons. The chamber showed an efficiency $>$95$\\%$ and time resolution ($\\sigma$) of $\\sim$0.83 ns. Details of the material characterisation, fabrication procedure and performance studies have been discussed.

  7. Performances of RPC detectors with tracking and timing electronics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The bakelite Resistive Plate Counters (RPC) for the COVER-PLASTEX experiment have been tested with special tracking and timing electronics developed by the T and T collaboration for use as a front-end electronics able to give position and arrival time for each particle in the EAS front crossing the detector. Results on single counting rate, efficiency, time resolution, signal shape and after pulse presence are given as a function of the high voltage and input signal threshold. (orig.)

  8. A low resistivity RPC for the trigger of the ALICE di-muon arm

    CERN Document Server

    Ferretti, A; Baldit, A; Barret, V; Bastid, N; Blanchard, G; Chiavassa, E; Cortese, P; Crochet, Philippe; Dellacasa, G; De Marco, N; Drancourt, C; Dupieux, P; Espagnon, B; Forestier, B; Gallio, M; Genoux-Lubain, A; Insa, C; Jouve, F; Lamoine, L; Lefèvre, F; Manso, F; Mereu, P; Musso, A; Oppedisano, C; Piccotti, A; Rosnet, P; Royer, L; Saturnini, P; Scalas, E; Scomparin, E; Sigaudo, F; Vercellin, Ermanno

    2001-01-01

    Resistive Plate Chambers (RPC) operated in streamer mode are expected to provide the trigger of the ALICE dimuon forward spectrometer. To match the requirements concerning the rate capability (about 100 Hz/cm2, including a large safety factor), several prototypes have been realized with low-resistivity Bakelite electrodes and a strongly quenching gas mixture. Duringb eam and irradiation tests the detector has shown a stable behaviour and excellent rate capability (up to 1 kHz/cm 2 in eam tests) with a cluster size close to one. In addition to that,a new discrimination technique with a dual threshold has been devised: with this method, a time resolution comparable with the one typical of the avalanche mode can be obtained as soon as the applied voltage is sufficient for the RPC to reach full efficiency. In the presentation the performances of the detector will be reported, together with the results of ageing tests performed at the Gamma Irradiation Facility at CERN.

  9. Study of cosmic ray muons tracks recorded by prototype ICAL (Kolkata): Zenith angle distribution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) collaboration is moving fast towards setting up a magnetized Iron CALorimeter (ICAL) to study atmospheric neutrinos and to determine the neutrino oscillation parameters with high precision. In final phase ICAL uses 50 kton Iron as target mass and ∼ 30000 glass Resistive Plate Chambers (RPC) having dimension 2m x 2m x 0.002m and 4m x 2m x 0.002m as active detector elements. A prototype RPC detector stack comprising 12 layers of RPCs of glass and bakelite having area 1m x 1m is in continuous operation with and without magnetic field having strength 1.5 Tesla for the last two years. We present here the recent results of the studies performed with this experimental set up

  10. A low-resistivity RPC for the ALICE dimuon arm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In view of ALICE, the dedicated Heavy-Ion Experiment at LHC, a Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) with electrodes made of low-resistivity bakelite (ρ≅3.5x109 Ω cm) has been tested at the CERN SPS both in streamer and in avalanche mode. The chamber has shown a stable behaviour and excellent rate capability: its efficiency is better than 95% for local particle fluxes of about 1 and 10 kHz/cm2 for operation in streamer and in avalanche mode, respectively. The cluster size and the time resolution have also been measured for both modes of operation

  11. Recycling Waste Bakelite As A Carbon Resource In Ironmaking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Ransford Dankwah

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Bakelite is a 3-dimensional cross-linked network structured thermosetting polymer which is difficult to recycle after use. However it contains high levels of carbon and CaCO3 that can be recovered for use as reductant and fluxing agent in ironmaking. In this work we report the use of post-consumer bakelite as reductant for the production of metallic iron from iron oxide in a horizontal tube furnace through the composite pellet approach.Gas emission studies were conducted by pyrolysing raw bakelite at different temperatures within the temperature range 1200-1600 C in a horizontal tube furnace. Following thiscomposite pellets were then formed from mixtures of iron oxide and post-consumer bakelite.The iron oxide-bakelite composites were heated from room temperature to 1200 C and then between 1200-1600 C in a continuous stream of pure argon and the off gas was analysed continuously using an infrared IR gas analyser. Elemental analyses of samples of the reduced metal were performed chemically for its oxygen content using a LECO oxygennitrogen analyser. The extent of reduction after ten minutes was determined from the oxygen content. Gas emission studies revealed the emission of large volumes of the reductant gases CO and CH4along with CO2.It is further demonstrated that post-consumer bakelite is effective at reducing iron oxide to produce metallic iron.

  12. Development and characterization of single gap glass RPC

    CERN Document Server

    Manisha,; Shahi, J S; Singh, J B

    2016-01-01

    The India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) collaboration is going to build a 50 kton magnetized Iron CALorimeter (ICAL) detector for the precise measurement of neutrino oscillations using atmospheric neutrinos. The proposed ICAL detector will be a stack of magnetized iron plates (acting as target material) interleaved with the glass Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs)as active elements. RPC is a gaseous detector made up of two parallel electrodes having high bulk resistivity like that of the float glass and bakelite. For ICAL detector, glass is preferred over bakelite as it does not need any kind of surface treatment to achieve better surface uniformity and also the cost of detector is reduced. Under detector R&D efforts for the proposed detector, we have fabricated the glass RPCs of 1m X 1m in size procuring glass of ~ 2 mm thickness from one of the Indian glass manufacturers (Asahi). In the present characterization studies, we report on the leakage current, pulse width optimization for the measurements of e...

  13. The bakelite for the RPCs of the experiment CMS

    OpenAIRE

    Altieri, S.; Bruno, Giacomo Luca

    2000-01-01

    Results from aging tests on the bakelite used for the CMS RPCs are presented. Samples of melaminic bakelite were exposed to a heavy gamma and neutron radiation. Data on the bulk resistivity were collected while accumulating gamma and neutron doses and particles fluence up to values well beyond those expected in 10 years of RPCs operation in the barrel region of CMS. The test with gamma radiation was performed at the CERN Gamma Irradiation Facility (GIF) with a 20 Ci 137Cs source. A total abso...

  14. Recycling Waste Bakelite As A Carbon Resource In Ironmaking

    OpenAIRE

    James Ransford Dankwah; Emmanuel Baawuah

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Bakelite is a 3-dimensional cross-linked network structured thermosetting polymer which is difficult to recycle after use. However it contains high levels of carbon and CaCO3 that can be recovered for use as reductant and fluxing agent in ironmaking. In this work we report the use of post-consumer bakelite as reductant for the production of metallic iron from iron oxide in a horizontal tube furnace through the composite pellet approach.Gas emission studies were conducted by pyrolysin...

  15. The OPERA RPC system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The OPERA experiment was designed to detect νμ→ντ oscillations through τ appearance in the CERN Neutrinos to Gran Sasso (CNGS) beam. The detector consists of two identical supermodules, each made by a target section followed by a muon spectrometer. The target sections are made of nuclear emulsion layers alternated to lead plates; a scintillator target tracker is used to locate the neutrino interactions. The muon spectrometers are composed of a dipole iron magnet, precision drift tubes and resistive plate chambers, used as trigger and as tracker. The experiment took data with the neutrino beam from 2006 to 2012, with limited statistics during the first two years. The RPC data taking ended in December 2012. Results about the RPC performance and the aging of the system are briefly presented. The use of the RPC data in the OPERA analysis is also addressed. During the 2012 run, the OPERA RPC system was used to check the measurement of the neutrino velocity with a dedicated set-up in parallel to the standard DAQ of OPERA, to check the preliminary results of 2011 and to improve the precision. For this measurement, the absolute response time of the detector was measured. Finally, RPC data were also used to determine the charge of the third observed τ candidate

  16. The OPERA RPC system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paoloni, Alessandro

    2014-10-01

    The OPERA experiment was designed to detect νμ→ντ oscillations through τ appearance in the CERN Neutrinos to Gran Sasso (CNGS) beam. The detector consists of two identical supermodules, each made by a target section followed by a muon spectrometer. The target sections are made of nuclear emulsion layers alternated to lead plates; a scintillator target tracker is used to locate the neutrino interactions. The muon spectrometers are composed of a dipole iron magnet, precision drift tubes and resistive plate chambers, used as trigger and as tracker. The experiment took data with the neutrino beam from 2006 to 2012, with limited statistics during the first two years. The RPC data taking ended in December 2012. Results about the RPC performance and the aging of the system are briefly presented. The use of the RPC data in the OPERA analysis is also addressed. During the 2012 run, the OPERA RPC system was used to check the measurement of the neutrino velocity with a dedicated set-up in parallel to the standard DAQ of OPERA, to check the preliminary results of 2011 and to improve the precision. For this measurement, the absolute response time of the detector was measured. Finally, RPC data were also used to determine the charge of the third observed τ candidate.

  17. Long Term Performance Studies of Large Oil-Free Bakelite Resistive Plate Chamber

    CERN Document Server

    Ganai, Rajesh; Shiroya, Mehul Kumar; Agarwal, Kshitij; Ahammed, Zubayer; Choudhury, Subikash; Chattopadhyay, Subhasis

    2016-01-01

    Several high energy physics and neutrino physics experiments worldwide require large-size RPCs to cover wide acceptances. The muon tracking systems in the Iron calorimeter (ICAL) in the INO experiment, India and the near detector in DUNE at Fermilab are two such examples. A (240 cm $\\times$ 120 cm $\\times$ 0.2 cm) bakelite RPC has been built and tested at Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, Kolkata, using indigenous materials procured from the local market. No additional lubricant, like oil has been used on the electrode surfaces for smoothening. The chamber is in operation for $>$ 365 days. We have tested the chamber for its long term operation. The leakage current, bulk resistivity, efficiency, noise rate and time resolution of the chamber have been found to be quite stable during the testing peroid. It showed an efficiency $>$ 95$\\%$ with an average time resolution of $\\sim$0.83 ns at the point of measurement at 9000 V throughout the testing period. Details of the long term performance of the chamber have be...

  18. Use of RPC in EAS physics with the COVER-PLASTEX experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bakelite resistive plate counters (RPCs) have been used for the first time in extensive air shower (EAS) physics with the COVER-PLASTEX experiment in Haverah Park, near Leeds, UK for a detailed investigation of the space-time structure of the shower front. For this purpose new front-end electronics have been developed, and an accurate investigation on the RPC performances and pick-up characteristics has been performed. Measurements of the noise, cross talk, after-pulses and detector saturation have permitted to understand the behaviour of this detector in operational conditions. A direct comparison with scintillators of the GREX array demonstrates the capability of the RPC to measure the lateral distribution of shower particles and emphasizes the advantage of this detector for a detailed analysis of EAS front characteristics. (orig.)

  19. Detector Control System for CMS RPC at GIF++

    CERN Document Server

    Gul, Muhammad

    2016-01-01

    In the framework of the High Luminosity LHC upgrade program, the CMS muon groupbuilt several different RPC prototypes that are now under test at the new CERN Gamma Irradiation Facility (GIF++). A dedicated Detector Control System has been developed using the WinCC-OA tool to control and monitor these prototype detectors and to store the measured parameters data.

  20. Detector Control System for CMS RPC at GIF++

    CERN Document Server

    Gul, Muhammad

    2016-01-01

    In the framework of the High Luminosity LHC upgrade program, the CMS muon group built several different RPC prototypes that are now under test at the new CERN Gamma Irradiation Facility (GIF++). A dedicated Detector Control System has been developed using the WinCC-OA tool to control and monitor these prototype detectors and to store the measured parameters data.

  1. MUON DETECTORS: RPC

    CERN Multimedia

    P. Paolucci

    2012-01-01

      2011 data-taking was very satisfactory for both the RPC detector and trigger. The RPC system ran very smoothly in 2011, showing an excellent stability and very high data-tacking efficiency. Data loss for RPC was about 0.37%, corresponding to 19 pb−1. Most of the performance studies, based on 2011 data, are now completed and the results have been already approved by CMS to be presented at the RPC 2012 conference (February 2012 at LNF). During 2011, the number of disconnected chambers increased from six to eight corresponding to 0.8% of the full system, while the single-gap-mode chambers increased from 28 to 31. Most of the problematic chambers are due to bad high-voltage connection and electronic failures that can be solved only during the 2013-2014 Long Shutdown. 98.4% of the electronic channels were operational. The average detection efficiency in 2011 was about 95%, which was the same value measured during the HV scan done at the beginning of the 2011 data-taking. Efficiency has be...

  2. MUON DETECTORS: RPC

    CERN Multimedia

    Pierluigi Paolucci

    2013-01-01

    In the second part of 2013 the two main activities of the RPC project are the reparation and maintenance of the present system and the construction and installation of the RE4 system. Since the opening of the barrel, repair activities on the gas, high-voltage and electronic systems are being done in parallel, in agreement with the CMS schedule. In YB0, the maintenance of the RPC detector was in the shadow of other interventions, nevertheless the scaffolding turned out to be a good solution for our gas leaks searches. Here we found eight leaking channels for about 100 l/h in total. 10 RPC/DT modules were partially extracted –– 90 cm –– in YB0, YB–1 and YB–2 to allow for the replacement of FE and LV distribution boards. Intervention was conducted on an additional two chambers on the positive endcap to solve LV and threshold control problems. Until now we were able to recover 0.67% of the total number of RPC electronic channels (1.5% of the channels...

  3. MUON DETECTORS: RPC

    CERN Multimedia

    P. Paolucci

    2011-01-01

    RPC detector calibration, HV scan Thanks to the high LHC luminosity and to the corresponding high number of muons created in the first part of the 2011 the RPC community had, for the first time, the possibility to calibrate every single detector element (roll).The RPC steering committee provided the guidelines for both data-taking and data analysis and a dedicated task force worked from March to April on this specific issue. The main goal of the RPC calibration was to study the detector efficiency as a function of high-voltage working points, fit the obtained “plateau curve” with a sigmoid function and determine the “best” high-voltage working point of every single roll. On 18th and 19th March, we had eight runs at different voltages. On 27th March, the full analysis was completed, showing that 60% of the rolls had already a very good fit with an average efficiency greater than 93% in the plateau region. To improve the fit we decided to take three more runs (15th April...

  4. Studio delle prestazioni dei rivelatori ad RPC per il trigger dell’esperimento CMS

    CERN Document Server

    Cavallo, E; Iaselli, G

    2005-01-01

    Final results on exposition of RPC final chambers and prototype are expounded. Partilcular study on different SF6 percentages present in RPC gas mixture are shown with de development on streamer probability in function of high voltage and signal charge. Performance of final chamers built for CMS experiment have been studied in detail.

  5. MUON DETECTORS: RPC

    CERN Multimedia

    G. Iaselli

    2010-01-01

    During the technical stop, the RPC team was part of the CMS task force team working on bushing replacements in the Endcap cooling system, also validating the repairs in terms of connectivity (HV, LV and signal cables), and gas leak, on RE chambers. In parallel, the RPC team profited from the opportunity to cure several known problems: six chambers with HV problems (1 off + 5 single gaps) were recovered on both gaps; four known HV problems were localized at chamber level; additional temperature sensors were installed on cooling pipes on negative REs; one broken LV module in RE-1 was replaced. During the last month, the RPC group has made big improvements in the operations tools. New trigger supervisor software has substantially reduced the configuration time. Monitoring is now more robust and more efficient in providing prompt diagnostics. The detector has been under central DCS control for two weeks. Improvements have been made to both functionality and documentation and no major problems were found. Beam s...

  6. MUON DETECTORS: RPC

    CERN Multimedia

    P. Paolucci

    2013-01-01

      In 2013 the main activities of the RPC project are: maintenance and repair of the present system, RE4 chambers installation, and commissioning and upgrade of the online and offline software. About 25 FTE are working on the three items since January and will continue until the end of 2014. Three groups of physicists and technicians (HV, Gas and Front-End) are ready for the repair of the present system. Most of the equipment needed has been tested in the laboratory and is ready to be used at P5. The foreseen interventions have been included in the CMS schedule; they will begin in June 2013 and finish in summer 2014. DPG and Online experts are designing the upgrade of the RPC online and offline tools in order to integrate the new RE4 chambers and at the same time improve them using the experience from the 2010–2012 data-taking period. The RPC RE4 upgrade project is proceeding very well; it is on schedule and within the budget. 17 chambers have been built and tested at CERN, Ghent (Belg...

  7. MUON DETECTORS: RPC

    CERN Multimedia

    P. Paolucci

    2011-01-01

    The RPC muon detector and trigger are working very well, contributing positively to the high quality of CMS data. Most of 2011 has been used to improve the stability of our system and the monitoring tools used online and offline by the shifters and experts. The high-voltage working point is corrected, chamber-by-chamber, for pressure variation since July 2011. Corrections are applied at PVSS level during the stand-by mode (no collision) and are not changed until the next fill. The single detector calibration, HV scan, of February and the P-correction described before were very important steps towards fine-tuning the stability of the RPC performances. A very detailed analysis of the RPC performances is now ongoing and from preliminary results we observe an important improvements of the cluster size stability in time. The maximum oscillation of the cluster size run by run is now about 1%. At the same time we are not observing the same stability in the detection efficiency that shows an oscillation of about ...

  8. Study of Glass and Bakelite properties as electrodes in RPCs

    OpenAIRE

    Manisha,; Bhatnagar, V.; Shahi, J. S.

    2016-01-01

    India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) collaboration is planning to build a magnetized Iron-CALorimeter detector (ICAL) for the study of atmospheric neutrinos. ICAL detector will be a stack of 151 layers of magnetized iron plates interleaved with Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs) as active detector elements with a total mass of 50 kton. Resistive Plate Chambers are gaseous detectors made up of two parallel electrodes of high bulk resistivity like float glass and bakelite. These detectors are ex...

  9. Towards very high resolution RPC-PET for small animals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present imaging results of needle-like and planar 22Na sources obtained with a prototype of a high-acceptance small-animal positron emission tomograph based on resistive plate chambers (RPC-PET). The maximum-likelihood expectation-maximization (MLEM) reconstruction of the acquired data yielded an excellent and stable resolution of 0.4 mm FWHM

  10. MUON DETECTORS: RPC

    CERN Multimedia

    G. Iaselli

    The RPC group has invested a large effort in the study of trigger spikes observed during CRAFT data taking. The chambers are susceptible to noise generated by the flickering of fluorescent and projector lamps in the cavern (with magnetic field on). Soon after the end of CRAFT, it was possible to reproduce the phenomena using a waveform generator and to study possible modifications to be implemented in the grounding schema. Hardware actions have been already taken in order to reduce the detector sensitivity: star washers on the chamber front panels and additional shielding have been added where possible. During the shutdown maintenance activity many different problems were tackled on the barrel part. A few faulty high voltage connector/cable problems were fixed; now only two RPC chambers are left with single-gap mode operation. One chamber in YB+2 was replaced due to gas leakage. All the front-end electronic boards were replaced in 3 chambers (stations MB2 and MB3 in YB-2), that had been damaged after the coo...

  11. MUON DETECTORS: RPC

    CERN Multimedia

    P. Paolucci

    2011-01-01

    During data-taking in 2010 the RPC system behaviour was very satisfactory for both the detector and trigger performances. Most of the data analyses are now completed and many results and plots have been approved in order to be published in the muon detector paper. A very detailed analysis of the detector efficiency has been performed using 60 million muon events taken with the dedicated RPC monitor stream. The results have shown that the 96.3% of the system was working properly with an average efficiency of 95.4% at 9.35 kV in the Barrel region and 94.9% at 9.55 kV in the Endcap. Cluster size goes from 1.6 to 2.2 showing a clear and well-known correlation with the strip pitch. Average noise in the Barrel is less than 0.4 Hz/cm2 and about 98% of full system has averaged noise less then 1 Hz/cm2. A linear dependence of the noise versus the luminosity has been preliminary observed and is now under study. Detailed chamber efficiency maps have shown a few percent of chambers with a non-uniform efficiency distribu...

  12. MUON DETECTORS: RPC

    CERN Multimedia

    G. Iaselli.

    Substantial progress has been made on the RPC system resulting in a high standard of operation. Impressive improvements have been made in the online software and DCS PVSS protocols that ensure robustness of the configuration phase and reliability of the detector monitoring tasks. In parallel, an important upgrade of CCU ring connectivity was pursued to avoid noise pick-up and consequent  data transmission errors during operation with magnetic field. While the barrel part is already well synchronized thanks to the long cosmics runs, some refinements are still required on the forward part. The "beam splashes" have been useful to cross check  the existing delay constants, but further efforts will be made as soon as a substantial sample of beam-halo events is available. Progress has been made on early detector performance studies. The RPC DQM tool is being extensively used and minor bugs have been found. More plots have been added and more people have been tr...

  13. Bakelite chambers for time-of-flight measurements

    CERN Document Server

    Cwiok, M; Górski, M; Królikowski, J

    1999-01-01

    We report on the search of composite organic materials with the volume resistivity ranging from 10 sup 8 to 10 sup 1 sup 1 OMEGA cm. Materials having resistivity in this range may be used for electrodes of thin gap Parallel Plate Avalanche Chambers. Gas detectors of such structure and operated at increased gas pressure allow, potentially, a sub-nanosecond time resolution. Using bakelite-like material with electrical properties well tuned during manufacturing opens the possibility to overcome limitations related to the semi-conductive glass employed usually for ultrafast gas detectors of parallel plate structure for time-of-flight technique.

  14. RPC High Voltage Scan 2015

    CERN Document Server

    CMS Collaboration

    2016-01-01

    During the LS1 the CMS RPC system has been upgraded with 144 new chambers installed on the forth endcap stations. An annual HV (RPC efficiency vs HV) scan for the entire RPC system has been performed during the Run2 data taking period in 2015. The obtained results have been compared to the HV scans performed in 2011 and 2012. No significant differences are observed in the compared results. The optimal HV working points for the newly installed chambers have been evaluated for the first time with collision data.

  15. The bakelite for the RPCs of the experiment CMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altieri, S.; Belli, G.; Bruno, G.; Guida, R.; Merlo, M.; Ratti, S. P.; Riccardi, C.; Torre, P.; Vitulo, P.; Mognaschi, E. R.; Abbrescia, M.; Colaleo, A.; Iaselli, G.; Loddo, F.; Maggi, M.; Marangelli, B.; Natali, S.; Nuzzo, S.; Pugliese, G.; Ranieri, A.; Romano, F.

    2000-12-01

    Results from aging tests on the bakelite used for the CMS RPCs are presented. Samples of melaminic bakelite were exposed to a heavy gamma and neutron radiation. Data on the bulk resistivity were collected while accumulating gamma and neutron doses and particles fluence up to values well beyond those expected in 10 years of RPCs operation in the barrel region of CMS. The test with gamma radiation was performed at the CERN Gamma Irradiation Facility (GIF) with a 20 Ci 137Cs source. A total absorbed dose of 5 Gy was accumulated during an irradiation period of about one month. The test with both neutron and gamma radiation was held at the Triga Mark II 250 kW reactor located in Pavia. A total of 80 h of exposure were accumulated integrating a neutron and gamma dose of about 80 Gy and a fast neutron fluence of some 10 11 cm-2. Experimental data on dose rate in both the test facilities have been compared to simulation output and show a good agreement.

  16. The bakelite for the RPCs of the experiment CMS

    CERN Document Server

    Altieri, S; Bruno, G; Guida, R; Merlo, M; Ratti, S P; Riccardi, C; Torre, P; Vitulo, P; Mognaschi, E R; Abbrescia, M; Colaleo, A; Iaselli, Giuseppe; Loddo, F; Maggi, M; Marangelli, B; Natali, S; Nuzzo, S; Pugliese, G; Ranieri, A; Romano, F

    2000-01-01

    Results from aging tests on the bakelite used for the CMS RPCs are presented. Samples of melaminic bakelite were exposed to a heavy gamma and neutron radiation. Data on the bulk resistivity were collected while accumulating gamma and neutron doses and particles fluence up to values well beyond those expected in 10 years of RPCs operation in the barrel region of CMS. The test with gamma radiation was performed at the CERN Gamma Irradiation Facility (GIF) with a 20 Ci /sup 137/Cs source. A total absorbed dose of 5 Gy was accumulated during an irradiation period of about one month. The test with both neutron and gamma radiation was held at the Triga Mark II 250 kW reactor located in Pavia. A total of 80 h of exposure were accumulated integrating a neutron and gamma dose of about 80 Gy and a fast neutron fluence of some 10/sup 11/ cm/sup -2/. Experimental data on dose rate in both the test facilities have been compared to simulation output and show a good agreement. (4 refs).

  17. Study of the molecular structure and dynamics of bakelite with neutron cross section measurements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The molecular structure and dynamics of calcined bakelite were studied with neutron transmission and scattering cross section measurements. The total cross sections determined were correlated with data obtained with infra-red spectroscopy, elemental analysis and other techniques to get the probable molecular formulae of bakelite. The total cross section determined showed a deviation smaller than 5% from the literature values. The frequency distribution as well as overall experimental results allowed to suggest a structural model like polycyclic hydrocarbons for bakelite calcined at 8000 C. (F.E.). 65 refs, 31 figs, 5 tabs

  18. MUON DETECTORS: RPC

    CERN Multimedia

    P. Paolucci

    2012-01-01

      Since the start of data-taking in 2012, the RPCs have been operating in a stable manner with average chamber efficiencies above 95%. At present, the number of missing electronic channels is 1.2%; the number of disconnected chambers is 9, while 34 chambers are in single-gap mode. All those numbers are stable since the 2011 run. So far in 2012 no luminosity has been lost due to RPCs. During the winter shutdown, link board protections have been installed everywhere and are working properly, which makes the system more robust than before. A new “gas resistance” measurement campaign showed a clear stability of this parameter, which is proportional to the gap resistivity. No differences with respect to 2011 were found. A new efficiency calculation method has been validated, where now only DT/CSC segments of high quality that are associated with a stand-alone muon track are used to reduce the effect of punch-through segments. With this method, the observed oscillations in the RPC e...

  19. MUON DETECTORS: RPC

    CERN Multimedia

    P. Paolucci

    2012-01-01

    The RPC system is operating with a very high uptime, an average chamber efficiency of about 95% and an average cluster size around 1.8. The average number of active channels is 97.7%. Eight chambers are disconnected and forty are working in single-gap mode due to high-voltage problems. The total luminosity lost due to RPCs in 2012 is 88.46 pb–1. One of the main goals of 2012 was to improve the stability of the endcap trigger that is strongly correlated to the performances of the detector, due to the 3-out-3 trigger logic. At beginning of 2011 the instability of the detector efficiency was about 10%. Detailed studies found that this was mainly due to the strong correlation between the performance of the detector and the atmospheric pressure (P). Figure XXY shows the linear correlation between the average cluster size of the endcap chamber versus P. This effect is expected for gaseous detectors and can be reduced by correcting the applied high-voltage working point (HVapp) according to the followi...

  20. MUON DETECTORS: RPC

    CERN Multimedia

    G. Iaselli

    During the last 3 months the RPC group has made impressive improvements in the refinement of the operation tools and understanding of the detector. The full barrel and part of the plus end cap participated systematically to global runs producing millions of trigger on cosmics. The main monitoring tools were robust and efficient in controlling the detector and in diagnosis of problems. After the refinement of the synchronization procedure, detailed studies of the chamber performances, as a function of high voltage and front-end threshold, were pursued. In parallel, new tools for the prompt analysis were developed which have enabled a fast check of the data at the CMS Centre. This effort has been very valuable since it has helped in discovering many minor bugs in the reconstruction software and database which are now being fixed. Unfortunately, a large part of the RE2 station has developed increasing operational current. Some preliminary investigation leads to the conclusion that the serial gas circulation e...

  1. MUON DETECTORS: RPC

    CERN Multimedia

    G. Pugliese

    2010-01-01

    In the second half of 2010 run, the overall behavior of the RPC system has been very satisfactory, both in terms of detector and trigger performance. This result was achieved through interventions by skilled personnel and fine-tuned analysis procedures. The hardware was quite stable: both gas and power systems did not present significant problems during the data-taking period, confirming the high reliability achieved. Only few interventions on some HV or LV channels were necessary during the periodical technical accesses. The overall result is given by the stable percentage of active channels at about 98.5%. The single exception was at beginning of the ion collisions, when it dipped to 97.4% because of the failure of one LV module, although this was recovered after a few days. The control and monitoring software is now more robust and efficient, providing prompt diagnostics on the status of the entire system. Significant efforts were made in collaboration with the CMS cooling team to secure proper working ...

  2. On RPC Model of Satellite Imagery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Guo; YUAN Xiuxiao

    2006-01-01

    The RPC model has recently raised considerable interest in the photogrammetry and remote sensing community. The RPC is a generalized sensor model that is capable of achieving high approximation accuracy. Unfortunately, the computation of the parameters of RPC model is subject to the initial of the parameter in all available literature. An algorithm for computation of parameters of RPC model without initial value is presented and tested on SPOT-5, CBERS-2, ERS-1 imageries. RPC model is suitable for both push-broom and SAR imagery.

  3. Operation of low-noise single-gap RPC modules exposed to ionisation rates up to 1 kHz/cm$^{2}$

    CERN Document Server

    Cwioka, M; Górski, M; Królikowski, J; 10.1016/j.nima.2004.06.123

    2004-01-01

    Two single gap medium-size RPC modules, made of bakelite plates of very good mechanical quality of the surface and having initial volume resistivity of 1 * 10/sup 10/ Omega cm, were tested in the Gamma Irradiation Facility at CERN at ionisation rates up to 1 kHz/cm/sup 2 /. The internal surfaces facing the gas volume of one RPC module were cladded with a thin layer of linseed oil varnish for comparison of oiled and non-oiled RPC operation. The results refer to the gas mixture of C/sub 2/H/sub 2/F/sub 4//isobutane (97:3) with SF/sub 6/ addition below 1%. The single gap modules exhibited full detection efficiency plateau for the high voltage range of about 1 kV at full intensity of gamma rays. Good timing characteristics allowed to reach 95% efficiency at fully opened irradiation source with time window of 20 ns. The intrinsic noise rate for a non-oiled and an oiled RPC gap was, respectively, below 5 and 1 Hz/cm/sup 2/ at full efficiency over 1 kV voltage range.

  4. Operation of low-noise single-gap RPC modules exposed to ionisation rates up to 1 kHz/cm$^2$

    CERN Document Server

    Cwiok, M; Górski, M; Królikowski, J

    2004-01-01

    Two single gap medium-size RPC modules, made of bakelite plates of very good mechanical quality of the surface and having initial volume resistivity of 1 multiplied by 10**1**0 omegacm, were tested in the Gamma Irradiation Facility at CERN at ionisation rates up to 1 kHz/cm **3. The internal surfaces facing the gas volume of one RPC module were cladded with a thin layer of linseed oil varnish for comparison of oiled and non-oiled RPC operation. The results refer to the gas mixture of C//2H//2F //4/isobutane (97:3) with SF//6 addition below 1%. The single gap modules exhibited full detection efficiency plateau for the high voltage range of about 1 kV at full intensity of gamma rays. Good timing characteristics allowed to reach 95% efficiency at fully opened irradiation source with time window of 20 ns. The intrinsic noise rate for a non-oiled and an oiled RPC gap was, respectively, below 5 and 1 Hz/cm**2 at full efficiency over 1 k V voltage range.

  5. Improving the RPC rate capability

    CERN Document Server

    Aielli, G; Cardarelli, R; Di Ciaccio, A; Di Stante, L; Iuppa, R; Liberti, B; Paolozzi, L; Pastori, E; Santonico, R; Toppi, M

    2016-01-01

    This paper has the purpose to study the rate capability of the Resistive Plate Chamber, RPC, starting from the basic physics of this detector. The effect of different working parameters determining the rate capability is analysed in detail, in order to optimize a new family of RPCs for applications to heavy irradiation environments and in particular to the LHC phase 2. A special emphasis is given to the improvement achievable by minimizing the avalanche charge delivered in the gas. The paper shows experimental results of Cosmic Ray tests, performed to study the avalanche features for different gas gap sizes, with particular attention to the overall delivered charge. For this purpose, the paper studies, in parallel to the prompt electronic signal, also the ionic signal which gives the main contribution to the delivered charge. Whenever possible the test results are interpreted on the base of the RPC detector physics and are intended to extend and reinforce our physical understanding of this detector.

  6. Molecular dynamical and structural studies for the bakelite by neutron cross section measurements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Neutron reaction cross sections were determined by transmission and scattering measurements, to study the dynamics and molecular structure of calcined bakelites. Total cross sections were determined, with a deviation smaller than 5%, from the literature values, by neutron transmission method and a specially devised approximation. These cross sections were then correlated with data obtained with infra-red spectroscopy, elemental analysis and other techniques to get the probable molecular formulae of bakelite. Double differential scattering cross sections, scattering law values and frequency distributions were determined with 15% error using the neutron inelastic scattering method. The frequency distributions as well as the overall results from all experimental techniques used in this work allowed to suggest a structural model like polycyclic hydrocarbons, for calcined bakelite at 8000 C. (author)

  7. EFFECT OF BAKELITE INTERLAYER POWDER ON FRICTION STIR SPOT WELDING OF THERMOPLASTIC POLYMERS

    OpenAIRE

    Bekir ÇEVİK

    2014-01-01

    In this study, effect of bakelite interlayer powder on friction stir spot welding of polyethylene materials were investigated. 3 mm thick polyethylene materials were used in the experiments. 900 rpm rotational speed, 70, 100 and 130 seconds stirring time and 60 second waiting time were selected for the welding processes. Tensile-shear tests were applied on welded specimens and mechanical performances were determined

  8. RPC PET: Status and perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Couceiro, M.; Blanco, A.; Ferreira, Nuno C.; Ferreira Marques, R.; Fonte, P.; Lopes, L.

    2007-10-01

    The status of the resistive plate chamber (RPC)-PET technology for small animals is briefly reviewed and its sensitivity performance for human PET studied through Monte-Carlo simulations. The cost-effectiveness of these detectors and their very good timing characteristics open the possibility to build affordable Time of Flight (TOF)-PET systems with very large fields of view. Simulations suggest that the sensitivity of such systems for human whole-body screening, under reasonable assumptions, may exceed the present crystal-based PET technology by a factor up to 20.

  9. QA in Radiation Therapy: The RPC Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibbott, G. S.

    2010-11-01

    The Radiological Physics Center (RPC) is charged with assuring the consistent delivery of radiation doses to patients on NCI-sponsored clinical trials. To accomplish this, the RPC conducts annual mailed audits of machine calibration, dosimetry audit visits to institutions, reviews of treatment records, and credentialing procedures requiring the irradiation of anthropomorphic phantoms. Through these measurements, the RPC has gained an understanding of the level of quality assurance practiced in this cohort of institutions, and a database of measurements of beam characteristics of a large number of treatment machines. The results of irradiations of phantoms have yielded insight into the delivery of advanced technology treatment procedures.

  10. Temperature and humidity dependence of bulk resistivity of bakelite for resistive plate chambers in CMS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents data obtained in a systematic study on the bulk resistivity of Korean bakelite as a function of temperature in the range 20-30 deg. C and relative humidity in the range 35-65%. Strong dependence of resistivity on both temperature and humidity was observed. Measurements were carried out in the framework of R and D work on Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs) which will be used in the CMS detector

  11. Rate-capability study for a four-gap phenolic RPC with a Cs-137 source

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, Kyong Sei

    2014-01-01

    We report test results of a prototype four-gap phenolic resistive plate chamber (RPC) with high-rate gamma rays irradiated from a 200-mCi 137Cs source. The detector signals of the prototype four-gap RPC were digitized at charge thresholds of 80, 130, and 170 fC by using a 32-channel front-end-electronics board, previously developed for the current double-gap RPCs in CMS. We confirmed from the test that the cosmic muons were reliably measured with efficiencies higher than 95pct up to a gamma-background rate of 5.3 kHz cm-2. We concluded from the present R and D that use of the current four-gap phenolic RPCs is advantageous to the high-η triggers in CMS in virtue of the high rate capability.

  12. A new approach in modeling the behavior of RPC detectors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The behavior of RPC detectors is highly sensitive to environmental variables. A novel approach is presented to model the behavior of RPC detectors in a variety of experimental conditions. The algorithm, based on Artificial Neural Networks, has been developed and tested on the CMS RPC gas gain monitoring system during commissioning.

  13. Calibration algorithms of RPC detectors at Daya Bay Neutrino Experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During the commissioning of RPC detector systems at the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment, calibration algorithms were developed and tuned, in order to evaluate and optimize the performance of the RPC detectors. Based on a description of the hardware structure of the RPC detector systems, this paper introduces the algorithms used for detector calibration, including trigger rate, efficiency, noise rate, purity and muon flux.

  14. Custom pulse generator for RPC testing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a pulse generator able to generate pulses statistically similar to the ones produced by RPC cells. The device generates up to four arrays of fast and narrow random-like pulses. Polarity, maximum amplitudes, widths and pulse rate in each channel may be modified independently in order to simulate different RPC setups and environments. This portable and cost-effective pulse generator is a versatile instrument for testing FE-Electronics and different real detector features related with the signal propagation inside the detector. It has been developed in the framework of the ESTRELA project of the HADES experiment at GSI.

  15. Charge Distribution Dependency on Gap Thickness of CMS Endcap RPC

    CERN Document Server

    Park, Sung K; Lee, Kyongsei

    2016-01-01

    We report a systematic study of charge distribution dependency of CMS Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) on gap thickness. Prototypes of double-gap RPCs with six different gap thickness ranging from from 1.0 to 2.0 mm in 0.2-mm steps have been built with 2-mm-thick phenolic high-pressure-laminated plates. The efficiencies of the six gaps are measured as a function of the effective high voltages. We report that the strength of the electric fields of the gap is decreased as the gap thickness is increased. The distributions of charges in six gaps are measured. The space charge effect is seen in the charge distribution at the higher voltages. The logistic function is used to fit the charge distribution data. Smaller charges can be produced within smaller gas gap. But the digitization threshold should be also lowered to utilize these smaller charges.

  16. Charge distribution dependency on gap thickness of CMS endcap RPC

    CERN Document Server

    Park, Sung Keun

    2016-01-01

    We present a systematic study of charge distribution dependency of CMS Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) on gap thickness.Prototypes of double-gap with five different gap thickness from 1.8mm to 1.0mm in 0.2mm steps have been built with 2mm thick phenolic high-pressure-laminated (HPL) plates. The charges of cosmic-muon signals induced on the detector strips are measured as a function of time using two four-channel 400-MHz fresh ADCs. In addition, the arrival time of the muons and the strip cluster sizes are measured by digitizing the signal using a 32-channel voltage-mode front-end-electronics and a 400-MHz 64-channel multi-hit TDC. The gain and the input impedance of the front-end-electronics were 200mV/mV and 20 Ohm, respectively.

  17. High rate, fast timing Glass RPC for the high ${\\eta}$ CMS muon detectors

    CERN Document Server

    Lagarde, F; Laktineh, I; Buridon, V; Chen, X; Combaret, C; Eynard, A; Germani, L; Grenier, G; Mathez, H; Mirabito, L; Petrukhin, A; Steen, A; Tromeuraa, W; Wang, Y; Gongab, A; Moreau, N; de la Taille, C; Dulucqac, F; Cimmino, A; Crucy, S; Fagot, A; Gul, M; Rios, A A O; Tytgat, M; Zaganidisb, N; Aly, S; Assran, Y; Radi, A; Sayedc, A; Singhd, G; Abbrescia, M; Iaselli, G; Maggi, M; Pugliese, G; Verwilligene, P; f, W Van Doninck; Colafranceschi, S; Sharmag, A; Benussi, L; Bianco, S; Piccolo, D; Primaverah, F; Bhatnagar, V; Kumari, R; Mehta, A; Singhi, J; Ahmad, A; Ahmed, W; Asghar, M I; Awan, I M; Hoorani, R; Muhammad, S; Shahzad, H; j, M A Shah; Cho, S W; Choi, S Y; Hong, B; Kang, M H; Lee, K S; Lim, J H; Parkk, S K; Kiml, M S; Bernardino, S Carpinteyro; Pedraza, I; Estradam, C Uribe; Moreno, S Carrillo; Valencian, F Vazquez; Panto, L M; Buontempo, S; Cavallo, N; Esposito, M; Fabozzi, F; Lanza, G; Orso, I; Lista, L; Meola, S; Merola, M; Paolucci, P; p, F Thyssen; Braghieri, A; Magnani, A; Montagna, P; Riccardi, C; Salvini, P; Vai, I; Vituloq, P; Ban, Y; Qianr, S J; s, M Choi; Choi, Y; Goh, J; Kimt, D; Aleksandrov, A; Hadjiiska, R; Iaydjiev, P; Rodozov, M; Stoykova, S; Sultanov, G; Vutovau, M; Dimitrov, A; Litov, L; Pavlov, B; Petkovv, P; Bagaturia, I; Lomidzew, D; Avila, C; Cabrera, A; Sanabria, J C; Crottyy, I; Vaitkusz, J

    2016-01-01

    The HL-LHC phase is designed to increase by an order of magnitude the amount of data to be collected by the LHC experiments. To achieve this goal in a reasonable time scale the instantaneous luminosity would also increase by an order of magnitude up to $6.10^{34} cm^{-2} s^{-1}$ . The region of the forward muon spectrometer ($|{\\eta}| > 1.6$) is not equipped with RPC stations. The increase of the expected particles rate up to $2 kHz/cm^{2}$ (including a safety factor 3) motivates the installation of RPC chambers to guarantee redundancy with the CSC chambers already present. The actual RPC technology of CMS cannot sustain the expected background level. The new technology that will be chosen should have a high rate capability and provides a good spatial and timing resolution. A new generation of Glass-RPC (GRPC) using low-resistivity (LR) glass is proposed to equip at least the two most far away of the four high ${\\eta}$ muon stations of CMS. First the design of small size prototypes and studies of their perfor...

  18. High rate, fast timing Glass RPC for the high $\\eta$ CMS muon detectors

    CERN Document Server

    Gouzevitch, Maxime; Laktineh, Imad; Buridon, Victor; Chen, Xiushan; Combaret, Christophe; Eynard, Alexis; Germani, Lionel; Grenier, Gerald; Mathez, Hervé; Mirabito, Laurent; Petrukhin, Alexei; Steen, Arnaud; Tromeur, William; Wang, Yi; Gong, A.; Moreau, Nathalie; de la Taille, Christophe; Dulucq, Fréderic

    2016-01-01

    The HL-LHC phase is designed to increase by an order of magnitude the amount of data to be collected by the LHC experiments. To achieve this goal in a reasonable time scale the instantaneous luminosity would also increase by an order of magnitude up to $6 \\cdot 10^{34}$ cm$^{-2}$s$^{-1}$. The region of the forward muon spectrometer ($|\\eta| > 1.6$) is not equipped with RPC stations. The increase of the expected particles rate up to 2 kHz/cm$^2$ ( including a safety factor 3 ) motivates the installation of RPC chambers to guarantee redundancy with the CSC chambers already present. The actual RPC technology of CMS cannot sustain the expected background level. A new generation Glass-RPC (GRPC) using low resistivity glass (LR) is proposed to equip at least the two most far away of the four high eta muon stations of CMS. The design of small size prototypes and the studies of their performances under high rate particles flux is presented.

  19. Performance of TOF-RPC for the BGOegg experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Tomida, N; Niiyama, M; Ohnishi, H; Muramatsu, N

    2016-01-01

    The time-of-flight (TOF) detector of the BGOegg experiment is based on resistive plate chamber (RPC). The feature of the BGOegg-RPC is its large area coverage by a single strip of 250 cm$^2$-size. The BGOegg-RPC covers an area of 320 $\\times$ 200 cm$^2$ with only 256 channels of the readout electronics. In the case of large readout RPC, the measured timing is affected by the signal distortion and dispersion during propagation and signal reflection at the end of the strip. We found that the reflection has large effects on the performance of the BGOegg-RPC. We have established calibration methods of the BGOegg-RPC and obtained time resolutions of {\\sigma}~ 60 ps at the middle region of strips.

  20. Laser beam studies of RPC behaviour in avalanche mode

    CERN Document Server

    Golovatyuk, V; Perrino, R

    2003-01-01

    Primary ionization is created inside the gas gap of a small size (10 multiplied by 20 cm**2) RPC, analogous to the RPC of the ATLAS muon detector, by focusing a pulsed (width less than approximately equals 0.5 ns) nitrogen laser beam (transverse diameter approximately equals 15 mum). With this set-up we can characterize the behaviour of the RPC by measuring such parameters as drift velocity and gas amplification. For an ATLAS-like gas mixture (97% C//2H//2F//4, 3% isobutane and a small addition of SF//6), we have evidence of a space charge influence on RPC rate capability.

  1. Laser beam studies of RPC behaviour in avalanche mode

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Primary ionization is created inside the gas gap of a small size (10x20 cm2) RPC, analogous to the RPC of the ATLAS muon detector, by focusing a pulsed (width ≤0.5 ns) nitrogen laser beam (transverse diameter ∼15 μm). With this set-up we can characterize the behaviour of the RPC by measuring such parameters as drift velocity and gas amplification. For an ATLAS-like gas mixture (97% C2H2F4, 3% isobutane and a small addition of SF6), we have evidence of a space charge influence on RPC rate capability

  2. RPC-PET: Status and perspectives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The status of the resistive plate chamber (RPC)-PET technology for small animals is briefly reviewed and its sensitivity performance for human PET studied through Monte-Carlo simulations. The cost-effectiveness of these detectors and their very good timing characteristics open the possibility to build affordable Time of Flight (TOF)-PET systems with very large fields of view. Simulations suggest that the sensitivity of such systems for human whole-body screening, under reasonable assumptions, may exceed the present crystal-based PET technology by a factor up to 20

  3. RPC-PET: Status and perspectives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Couceiro, M. [LIP, Laboratorio de Instrumentacao e Fisica Experimental de Particulas, 3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal); ISEC, Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Coimbra, 3031-199 Coimbra (Portugal); Blanco, A. [LIP, Laboratorio de Instrumentacao e Fisica Experimental de Particulas, 3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal); Ferreira, Nuno C. [IBILI, Instituto Biomedico de Investigacao de Luz e Imagem, Faculty of Medicine, 3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal); Ferreira Marques, R. [LIP, Laboratorio de Instrumentacao e Fisica Experimental de Particulas, 3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal); Departamento de Fisica, Universidade de Coimbra, 3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal); Fonte, P. [LIP, Laboratorio de Instrumentacao e Fisica Experimental de Particulas, 3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal); ISEC, Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Coimbra, 3031-199 Coimbra (Portugal)], E-mail: fonte@coimbra.lip.pt; Lopes, L. [LIP, Laboratorio de Instrumentacao e Fisica Experimental de Particulas, 3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal)

    2007-10-01

    The status of the resistive plate chamber (RPC)-PET technology for small animals is briefly reviewed and its sensitivity performance for human PET studied through Monte-Carlo simulations. The cost-effectiveness of these detectors and their very good timing characteristics open the possibility to build affordable Time of Flight (TOF)-PET systems with very large fields of view. Simulations suggest that the sensitivity of such systems for human whole-body screening, under reasonable assumptions, may exceed the present crystal-based PET technology by a factor up to 20.

  4. Data Acquisition System for RPC Testing

    CERN Document Server

    Ahmed, Ijaz; Ansari, Muhammad Hamid; Asghar, Muhammad Irfan; Asghar, Sajjad; Awan, Irfan Ullah; Butt, Jamila; Hoorani, Hafeez R; Khurshid, Ishtiaq Hussain Taimoor; Muhammad, Saleh; Shahzad, Hassan; Aftab, Zia; Iftikhar, Mian; Khan, Mohammad Khalid; Saleh, M

    2008-01-01

    The Data Acquisition (DAQ) System of the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) RPC test station was built in National Centre for Physics (NCP) during the year 2004-2005 with joint efforts by NCP and PAEC groups. The system is based on the NIM, VME and CAMAC technologies which allowed users to test 10 RPCs simultaneously. With the help of our facility more than 300 RPCs were tested and finally shipped to CERN. This note describes different components of the DAQ in detail and presents a few results from the online DAQ.

  5. Muon beam trigger and CMS RPC detectors studies in GIF++

    CERN Document Server

    Lomidze, Irakli

    2015-01-01

    During my stay at CERN I took part in the following projects: 1. Installing and testing of the air conditioning system in GIF++ irradiation facility 2. Reconstruction and testing of stand for the RPC chambers hermetic testing 3. Work concerning the Near trigger 4. Modification of the RPC trolley 3

  6. RPC application in muography and specific developments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Menedeu, E.

    2016-06-01

    Muography is an imaging technique for large and dense structures as volcanoes or nuclear reactors using atmospheric muons. We applied this technique to the observation of the Puy de Dôme, a volcano 2 km wide close to Clermont-Ferrand, France. The detection is performed with a 1 m × 1 m × 1.80 m telescope made of 4 layers of single gap glass-RPCs operated in avalanche mode. The 1 cm2 pad readout uses the Hardroc2 ASICs. The three data taking campaigns over the last three years showed that a RPC detector can be operated in-situ with good performances. Further developments to decrease the gas and power consumption and to improve the position and timing resolution of the detector are ongoing.

  7. RPC application in muography and specific developments

    CERN Document Server

    Menedeu, Eve Le

    2016-01-01

    Muography is an imaging technique for large and dense structures as volcanoes or nuclear reactors using atmospheric muons. We applied this technique to the observation of the Puy de D\\^ome, a volcano 2 km wide close to Clermont-Ferrand, France. The detection is performed with a 1m$\\times$1m$\\times$1.80m telescope made of 4 layers of single gap glass-RPCs operated in avalanche mode. The 1 cm$^2$ pad readout uses the Hardroc2 ASICs. The three data taking campaigns over the last three years showed that a RPC detector can be operated in-situ with good performances. Further developments to decrease the gas and power consumption and to improve the position and timing resolution of the detector are ongoing.

  8. Rate-capability study of a four-gap phenolic RPC with a 137Cs source

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, we report on the systematic rate-capability study of four-gap phenolic resistive plate chambers (RPCs), with cosmic muons and gamma rays emitted from a 137Cs source. A prototype four-gap RPC with a gap thickness of 1.06 mm has been constructed with 2-mm thick phenolic high-pressure-laminated (HPL) plates. A 32-channel front-end-electronics board, which has been developed for the operation of the current double-gap RPCs in the CMS experiment, was used to digitize the detector signals of the prototype RPC, with charge thresholds of 80, 130, and 170 fC. The cosmic muons were reliably measured with efficiencies of higher than 95%, at a maximum gamma-hit rate of 5 kHz cm−2. The present research confirms that the use of the current four-gap phenolic RPCs is advantageous to the high-η triggers in CMS, by virtue of the high rate capability

  9. 75 FR 16499 - Royalty Policy Committee (RPC) Notice of Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Interior. The Committee will also review and comment on revenue management and other mineral and energy.... FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Gina Dan, Minerals Revenue Management, Minerals Management... Royalty Policy Committee (RPC) Notice of Renewal AGENCY: Minerals Management Service, Interior....

  10. MARTA - Muon Auger RPC for the Tank Array

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shellard, R.C.; Maurizio, D. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Pimenta, M. [LIP, Lisboa (Portugal)

    2013-07-01

    Full text: The Pierre Auger Observatory was built with the goal of making a major contribution to the understanding of Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECR), their origin and nature. It is sensitive to energies above roughly 10{sup 18} eV and it is fully efficient above 3 X 10{sup 18} eV. It has collected data with an exposure of over 31000 km{sup 2} .sr.year, since 2008. However, it has a poor discrimination capability to separate the electromagnetic and the muonic component of an air shower. A good separation capability is an important tool to improve the identification of the primary composition of cosmic rays. MARTA is a proposed detector to address this issue. It based on a well known technology of RPC's (Resistive Plate Chambers). We will present the physics requirements of Auger, for a muon detector, that leads to a better understanding of the structure of air showers and describe how MARTA comply with them. This will allow to: Measure the energy evolution of the distribution of the number of muons in the showers; Disentangle mass composition changes from a change in hadronic interactions at high energies; Improve the energy measurement by subtracting the muon component from the tank signal; Increase the primary photon discrimination power; Improve the estimation of the missing energy in air showers. We describe the detector, its capabilities, and the prototypes with are already installed in the Observatory. We discuss the problems which may arise in running these type of detectors under the harsh conditions of the pampas and the solutions that are proposed to face them. (author)

  11. MARTA - Muon Auger RPC for the Tank Array

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The Pierre Auger Observatory was built with the goal of making a major contribution to the understanding of Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECR), their origin and nature. It is sensitive to energies above roughly 1018 eV and it is fully efficient above 3 X 1018 eV. It has collected data with an exposure of over 31000 km2 .sr.year, since 2008. However, it has a poor discrimination capability to separate the electromagnetic and the muonic component of an air shower. A good separation capability is an important tool to improve the identification of the primary composition of cosmic rays. MARTA is a proposed detector to address this issue. It based on a well known technology of RPC's (Resistive Plate Chambers). We will present the physics requirements of Auger, for a muon detector, that leads to a better understanding of the structure of air showers and describe how MARTA comply with them. This will allow to: Measure the energy evolution of the distribution of the number of muons in the showers; Disentangle mass composition changes from a change in hadronic interactions at high energies; Improve the energy measurement by subtracting the muon component from the tank signal; Increase the primary photon discrimination power; Improve the estimation of the missing energy in air showers. We describe the detector, its capabilities, and the prototypes with are already installed in the Observatory. We discuss the problems which may arise in running these type of detectors under the harsh conditions of the pampas and the solutions that are proposed to face them. (author)

  12. Application of the ATLAS DAQ and Monitoring System for MDT and RPC Commissioning

    CERN Document Server

    Pasqualucci, E

    2007-01-01

    The ATLAS DAQ and monitoring software are currently commonly used to test detectors during the commissioning phase. In this paper, their usage in MDT and RPC commissioning is described, both at the surface pre-commissioning and commissioning stations and in the ATLAS pit. Two main components are heavily used for detector tests. The ROD Crate DAQ software is based on the ATLAS Readout application. Based on the plug-in mechanism, it provides a complete environment to interface any kind of detector or trigger electronics to the ATLAS DAQ system. All the possible flavours of this application are used to test and run the MDT and RPC detectors at the pre-commissioning and commissioning sites. Ad-hoc plug-ins have been developed to implement data readout via VME, both with ROD prototypes and emulating final electronics to read out data with temporary solutions, and to provide trigger distribution and busy management in a multi-crate environment. Data driven event building functionality is also used to combine data f...

  13. Effect of plate roughness on the field near RPC plates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jash, A.; Majumdar, N.; Mukhopadhyay, S.; Chattopadhyay, S.

    2016-06-01

    The inner surfaces of the electrodes encompassing the gas volume of a Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) have been found to exhibit asperities with, grossly, three kind of features. The desired uniform electric field within the gas volume of RPC is expected to be affected due to the presence of these asperities, which will eventually affect the final response from the detector. In this work, an attempt has been made to model the highly complex roughness of the electrode surfaces and compute its effect on the electrostatic field within RPC gas chamber. The calculations have been performed numerically using Finite Element Method (FEM) and Boundary Element Method (BEM) and the two methods have been compared in this context.

  14. Effect of plate roughness on the field near RPC plates

    CERN Document Server

    Jash, Abhik; Mukhopadhyay, Supratik; Chattopadhyay, Subhasis

    2016-01-01

    The inner surfaces of the electrodes encompassing the gas volume of a Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) have been found to exhibit asperities with three kind of features grossly. The desired uniform electric field within the gas volume of RPC is expected to be affected due to the presence of these asperities, which will eventually affect the final response from the detector. In this work, an attempt has been made to model the highly complex roughness of the electrode surfaces and compute its effect on the electrostatic field within RPC gas chamber. The calculations have been performed numerically using Finite Element Method (FEM) and Boundary Element Method (BEM) and the two methods have been compared in this context.

  15. File list: Pol.Emb.10.rpc-1.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Emb.10.rpc-1.AllCell ce10 RNA polymerase rpc-1 Embryo SRX208771,SRX208773,SRX20...8772,SRX208774 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/ce10/assembled/Pol.Emb.10.rpc-1.AllCell.bed ...

  16. File list: Pol.Lar.05.rpc-1.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Lar.05.rpc-1.AllCell ce10 RNA polymerase rpc-1 Larvae SRX059272,SRX495099,SRX49...5100,SRX059271 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/ce10/assembled/Pol.Lar.05.rpc-1.AllCell.bed ...

  17. File list: Pol.Lar.10.rpc-1.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Lar.10.rpc-1.AllCell ce10 RNA polymerase rpc-1 Larvae SRX495099,SRX495100,SRX05...9272,SRX059271 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/ce10/assembled/Pol.Lar.10.rpc-1.AllCell.bed ...

  18. File list: Pol.Lar.20.rpc-1.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Lar.20.rpc-1.AllCell ce10 RNA polymerase rpc-1 Larvae SRX495100,SRX495099,SRX05...9271,SRX059272 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/ce10/assembled/Pol.Lar.20.rpc-1.AllCell.bed ...

  19. File list: Pol.Lar.50.rpc-1.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Lar.50.rpc-1.AllCell ce10 RNA polymerase rpc-1 Larvae SRX495100,SRX495099,SRX05...9271,SRX059272 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/ce10/assembled/Pol.Lar.50.rpc-1.AllCell.bed ...

  20. File list: Pol.ALL.50.rpc-1.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.ALL.50.rpc-1.AllCell ce10 RNA polymerase rpc-1 All cell types SRX495100,SRX4950...99,SRX059271,SRX208772,SRX059272,SRX208773,SRX208774,SRX208771 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/ce10/assembled/Pol.ALL.50.rpc-1.AllCell.bed ...

  1. File list: Pol.ALL.20.rpc-1.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.ALL.20.rpc-1.AllCell ce10 RNA polymerase rpc-1 All cell types SRX495100,SRX4950...99,SRX059271,SRX208772,SRX059272,SRX208773,SRX208774,SRX208771 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/ce10/assembled/Pol.ALL.20.rpc-1.AllCell.bed ...

  2. File list: Pol.ALL.05.rpc-1.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.ALL.05.rpc-1.AllCell ce10 RNA polymerase rpc-1 All cell types SRX059272,SRX4950...99,SRX495100,SRX208771,SRX208773,SRX059271,SRX208772,SRX208774 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/ce10/assembled/Pol.ALL.05.rpc-1.AllCell.bed ...

  3. File list: Pol.Emb.05.rpc-1.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Emb.05.rpc-1.AllCell ce10 RNA polymerase rpc-1 Embryo SRX208771,SRX208773,SRX20...8772,SRX208774 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/ce10/assembled/Pol.Emb.05.rpc-1.AllCell.bed ...

  4. File list: Pol.ALL.10.rpc-1.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.ALL.10.rpc-1.AllCell ce10 RNA polymerase rpc-1 All cell types SRX495099,SRX4951...00,SRX059272,SRX208771,SRX059271,SRX208773,SRX208772,SRX208774 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/ce10/assembled/Pol.ALL.10.rpc-1.AllCell.bed ...

  5. File list: Pol.Emb.20.rpc-1.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Emb.20.rpc-1.AllCell ce10 RNA polymerase rpc-1 Embryo SRX208772,SRX208773,SRX20...8774,SRX208771 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/ce10/assembled/Pol.Emb.20.rpc-1.AllCell.bed ...

  6. File list: Pol.Emb.50.rpc-1.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.Emb.50.rpc-1.AllCell ce10 RNA polymerase rpc-1 Embryo SRX208772,SRX208773,SRX20...8774,SRX208771 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/ce10/assembled/Pol.Emb.50.rpc-1.AllCell.bed ...

  7. Test of BESⅢ RPC in the avalanche mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAN Ji-Feng; ZHANG Jia-Wen; CHEN Jin; ZHANG Qing-Min; LIU Qian; XIE Yu-Guang; QIAN Sen; MA Lie-Hua

    2008-01-01

    The installation of the BESⅢ RPC system has been completed.Cosmic ray test results show that they perform very well in streamer mode and meet the BESⅢ requirements.We have tested several RPCs in the avalanche mode with the addition of extra SF6 in the gas mixture.We find an efficiency plateau that reaches~95%.and a time resolution of 1.8 ns.This demonstrates that the BESⅢ-type RPC can work in the avalanche mode as well.

  8. Investigation of mass attenuation coefficients of water, concrete and bakelite at different energies using the FLUKA Monte Carlo code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The mass attenuation coefficients of water, bakelite and concrete sample defined in the simulation package were obtained using the FLUKA Monte Carlo code at 59.5, 80.9, 140.5, 356.5, 661.6, 1173.2 and 1332.5 keV photon energies. The results for the mass attenuation coefficients obtained by simulation have been compared with experimental and the theoretical ones and good agreement has been observed. The results indicate that this process can be followed to determine the data on the attenuation of gamma-rays with the several energies in other materials. Also, the deposited energy by 661.6 keV photons at several thicknesses of each media was determined as being an important data for radiation shielding studies. (author)

  9. 77 FR 22799 - Royalty Policy Committee (RPC) Notice of Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-17

    ... the management of Federal and Indian mineral leases and revenues under the laws governing the Department of the Interior. The Committee will also review and comment on revenue management and other... Royalty Policy Committee (RPC) Notice of Renewal AGENCY: Office of Natural Resources Revenue,...

  10. Summary of RPC 2007, the IX International Workshop

    CERN Document Server

    Sharma, Archana

    2009-01-01

    This summary highlights the success stories and open issues for the widely employed Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC). Many experiments were represented, each having its own specific requirements for the operation of the detector. The general focus is on the understanding of operational characteristics, namely studies of electrode material, gas systems, aging and long term performance. Simulations of electric field and transport parameters are reported, along with performance at high rates, focused on timing and time-of-flight systems. There are important issues related to operation of large RPC systems and their commissioning, QA and QC procedures. Finally, RPCs are now being used in diverse applications such as Calorimetry with analogue readout and in Astrophysics

  11. Characterization with a nitrogen laser of a small size RPC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present some results from the study of a small size RPC filled with a ternary gas mixture (94.3% C2H2F4, 5% C4H10, 0.3% SF6), by measuring gas properties like the electrons drift velocity. A pulsed UV laser is focused inside the gas gap to induce ionization via double photon ionization processes. Results for drift velocity as a function of the applied electric field are presented and discussed

  12. RPC test with heavy-ion beams

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Time-of-Flight (ToF) wall of the Compressed Baryonic Matter (CBM) experiment, conceptualized on the basis of high-resolution timing Multi-gap Resistive Plate Chambers (MRPCs), is intended to account for concise hadron identification at an unprecedented event rate of 10 MHz in Au+Au collisions. Comprehensive performance tests of several purpose-built multi-strip MRPC prototypes foreseen for different rate regions of the planned 120 m2 ToF wall are an essential instrument to study the response and the limitations of the current design. Such evaluation studies were carried out both under SIS-18 heavy-ion beam load at GSI in the fall of 2012 and under cosmic irradiation in the lab throughout the year 2013. Particle flux conditions of up to a few tens of kHz/cm2 as expected to impinge on the ToF wall in future CBM runs can be provided at the SIS-18 accelerator. A generic calibration scheme for MRPCs with strip read-out has been developed and will be described. Preliminary results concerning key characteristics like efficiency and timing resolution of a multi-strip MRPC demonstrator are presented, as well as an outlook to the specifications and requirements of a planned high-rate in-beam test at GSI in 2014.

  13. Numerical study on the effect of design parameters and spacers on RPC signal and timing properties

    CERN Document Server

    Jash, Abhik; Mukhopadhyay, Supratik; Saha, Satyajit; Chattopadhyay, Subhasis

    2016-01-01

    Numerical calculations have been performed to understand the reason for the non-uniform response of a Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) at few critical regions such as near edge spacers and corners of the device, which was observed experimentally. In this context, the signal from an RPC due to passage of muons through different regions has been computed. Also a straightforward simulation for RPC timing properties has been presented along with the effect of applied field, gas mixture and geometrical components.

  14. The trigger of the ALICE dimuon arm architecture and detectors

    CERN Document Server

    Arnaldi, R; Barret, V; Bastid, N; Blanchard, G; Chiavassa, E; Cortese, P; Crochet, Philippe; Dellacasa, G; De Marco, N; Dupieux, P; Espagnon, B; Fargeix, J; Gallio, M; Lamoine, L; Luquin, Lionel; Manso, F; Métivier, V; Musso, A; Piccotti, A; Rahmani, A; Ramillien, V; Royer, L; Roig, O; Scalas, E; Scomparin, E; Vercellin, Ermanno

    1999-01-01

    The trigger system of the ALICE dimuon arm is based on resistive plate chambers (RPC). Besides a short description of the trigger system, the test results of a RPC prototype with electrodes made of low resistivity bakelite ( equivalent to 3.10/sup 9/ Omega .cm) are presented. Rate capability, time resolution and cluster size have been measured for the RPC operated both in streamer and in avalanche mode. Although the rate capability is obviously higher in avalanche mode (few kHz/cm/sup 2/), remarkable results have been achieved even in streamer mode (several hundreds of Hz/cm/sup 2/). (6 refs).

  15. R and D towards future CMS RPC upgrades

    CERN Document Server

    Fagot, Alexis

    2016-01-01

    High pseudo-rapidity region of CMS muon system is covered only by Cathode Strip Chambers (CSC) and lacks redundant coverage despite the fact that it is a challenging region for muons in terms of backgrounds and momentum resolution. In order to maintain good efficiency for the muon trigger in this region additional RPC are planned to be installed in stations RE31 and RE41. The stations will use RPCs with lower granularity but good timing resolution to mitigate background effects and complete the redundancy of the system. R and D activities will be presented in the talk.

  16. Study of glass properties as electrode for RPC

    CERN Document Server

    Raveendrababu, K; Satyanarayana, B; Sadiq, Jafar

    2016-01-01

    Operation and performance of the Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs) mostly depend on the quality and characteristics of the electrode materials. The India-based Neutrino Observatory collaboration has chosen glass RPCs as the active detector elements for its Iron Calorimeter detector and is going to deploy RPCs in an unprecedented scale. Therefore, it is imperative that we study the electrode material aspects in detail. We report here, systematic characterization studies on the glasses from two manufacturers. RPC detectors were built using these glasses and performances of the same were compared with their material properties.

  17. Measurements of drift velocity in the ATLAS RPC gas mixture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chiodini, G. [INFN, Sezione di Lecce, via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy); Coluccia, M.R. [INFN, Sezione di Lecce, via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy) and Universita degli Studi di Lecce, Dip. di Fisica, via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy)]. E-mail: coluccia@le.infn.it; Gorini, E. [INFN, Sezione di Lecce, via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy); Universita degli Studi di Lecce, Dip. di Fisica, via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy); Primavera, M. [INFN, Sezione di Lecce, via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy); Stella, S. [Universita degli Studi di Lecce, Dip. di Fisica, via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy)

    2006-08-15

    We present here some results on measurements of electron drift velocity as a function of the electric field in a single gap, avalanche operated, small size (10 x 20 cm{sup 2}) RPC filled with a ternary gas mixture (94.3 % C{sub 2}H{sub 2}F{sub 4}, 5 % C{sub 4}H{sub 10}, 0.3 % SF{sub 6}). A pulsed nitrogen laser is focused ({approx} 20 {mu}m spot size at the focus) inside the gas gap to generate primary ionization via double photon ionization process. Results are presented and discussed.

  18. Characterization with a nitrogen laser of a small size RPC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chiodini, G. [INFN, Sezione di Lecce, via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy); Coluccia, M.R. [Dip. di Fisica, Universita degli Studi di Lecce, via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy) and INFN, Sezione di Lecce, via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy)]. E-mail: coluccia@le.infn.it; Gorini, E. [Dip. di Fisica, Universita degli Studi di Lecce, via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Lecce, via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy); Grancagnolo, F. [INFN, Sezione di Lecce, via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy); Primavera, M. [INFN, Sezione di Lecce, via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy)

    2007-03-01

    We present some results from the study of a small size RPC filled with a ternary gas mixture (94.3% C{sub 2}H{sub 2}F{sub 4}, 5% C{sub 4}H{sub 10}, 0.3% SF{sub 6}), by measuring gas properties like the electrons drift velocity. A pulsed UV laser is focused inside the gas gap to induce ionization via double photon ionization processes. Results for drift velocity as a function of the applied electric field are presented and discussed.

  19. Radiation tests of CMS RPC muon trigger electronic components

    CERN Document Server

    Bunkowski, Karol; Kierzkowski, Krzysztof; Królikowski, J; Kudla, MacIej; Maenpaa, Teppo; Pozniak, Krzysztof T; Rybka, Dominik; Tuominen, Eija; Ungaro, Donatella; Wrochna, Grzegorz; Zabolotny, W M

    2005-01-01

    The results of proton irradiation test of electronic devices, selected for the RPC trigger electronic system of the CMS detector, will be presented. For Xilinx Spartan-IIE FPGA the cross-section for Single Event Upsets (SEUs) in configuration bits was measured. The dynamic SEUs in flip-flops were also investigated, but not observed. For the FLASH memories no single upsets were detected. Only after irradiating with a huge dose permanent damages of devices were observed. For Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory (SDRAM), the SEU cross-section was measured.

  20. Electronic Developments for the Hades RPC Wall Overview and Progress

    CERN Document Server

    Gil, A; Cabanelas, P; Castro, E; Díaz, J; Garzón, J A; Gonzales-Diaz, D; König, W; Lange, J S; May, G; Traxler, M

    2007-01-01

    This contribution presents the current status and progress of the electronics developed for the Resistive Plate Chamber detector of HADES. This new detector for the time-of-flight detection system will contain more than 1000 RPC modules, covering a total active area of around 7 m2. The Front-End electronics consist of custom-made boards that exploit the benefit of the use of commercial components to achieve time resolutions below 100 ps. The Readout electronics, also custom-made, is a multipurpose board providing a 128- channel Time to Digital Converter (TDC) based on the HPTDC chip.

  1. Revisiting the BAN-modified Andrew Secure RPC protocol

    OpenAIRE

    Gugel, Alberto; Aziz, Benjamin; Hamilton, Geoff

    2014-01-01

    We have analysed the well-known BAN modified Andrew Secure RPC authentication protocol by means of the AVISPA Web tool considering all the available back-ends and with the basic configurations of sessions. The protocol has been found vulnerable to a replay/mutation attack based on homomorphism by one of the back-ends. In order to fix it, we integrated into the protocol a common solution, including a new addition to the original protocol and the solution proposed by Liu, Ma and Yang, who earli...

  2. Monte Carlo Simulation of RPC-based PET with GEANT4

    CERN Document Server

    Weizheng, Zhou; Cheng, Li; Hongfang, Chen; Yongjie, Sun; Tianxiang, Chen

    2014-01-01

    The Resistive Plate Chambers (RPC) are low-cost charged-particle detectors with good timing resolution and potentially good spatial resolution. Using RPC as gamma detector provides an opportunity for application in positron emission tomography (PET). In this work, we use GEANT4 simulation package to study various methods improving the detection efficiency of a realistic RPC-based PET model for 511keV photons, by adding more detection units, changing the thickness of each layer, choosing different converters and using multi-gaps RPC (MRPC) technique. Proper balance among these factors are discussed. It's found that although RPC with materials of high atomic number can reach a higher efficiency, they may contribute to a poor spatial resolution and higher background level.

  3. Optimisation and Characterisation of Glass RPC for India-based Neutrino Observatory Detectors

    OpenAIRE

    Kanishka, R.; Bhatnagar, Vipin; Indumathi, D.

    2016-01-01

    The proposed magnetised Iron CALorimeter detector (ICAL) to be built in the India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) laboratory aims to detect atmospheric muon neutrinos. In order to achieve improved physics results, the constituent components of the detector must be fully understood by proper characterisation and optimisation of various parameters. Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs) are the active detector elements in the ICAL detector and can be made of glass or bakelite. The number of RPCs requ...

  4. In-beam measurements of the HADES-TOF RPC wall

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blanco, A. [Laboratorio de Instrumentacao e Fisica Experimental de Particulas, LIP, Coimbra (Portugal)], E-mail: alberto@coimbra.lip.pt; Cabanelas, P.; Belver, D.; Castro, E. [Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, USC, Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Diaz, J. [Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular IFIC (CSIC-Universidad de Valencia), Valencia (Spain); Fonte, P. [Laboratorio de Instrumentacao e Fisica Experimental de Particulas, LIP, Coimbra (Portugal); Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Coimbra, ISEC, Coimbra (Portugal); Gil, A. [Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular IFIC (CSIC-Universidad de Valencia), Valencia (Spain); Garzon, J.A. [Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, USC, Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Gonzalez-Diaz, D.; Heinz, T.; Koenig, W. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, GSI, Darmstadt (Germany); Lopes, L. [Laboratorio de Instrumentacao e Fisica Experimental de Particulas, LIP, Coimbra (Portugal); Muentz, C. [Institut fuer Kernphysik Frankfurt, IKF, Frankfurt (Germany); Palka, M.; Pietraszko, J.; Rustamov, A.; Schwab, E. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, GSI, Darmstadt (Germany); Sobolev, Y. [Nuclear Physics Institute, CZ 250 68 Rez (Czech Republic); Tarantola, A.; Teilab, K. [Institut fuer Kernphysik Frankfurt, IKF, Frankfurt (Germany)] (and others)

    2009-05-01

    A full size prototype of the new inner High-Acceptance DiElectron Spectrometer (HADES)-TOF wall based on Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs) was mounted and exposed to secondaries from C reactions on Be and Nb targets at 2 AGeV kinetic energy and typical HADES particle fluxes. The tested sextant is constituted by 187 individual 4-gap glass-aluminium shielded RPC cells distributed in three columns and two layers, covering an area of 1.26m{sup 2}. An average timing resolution of 73 ps {sigma} was measured with 99% intrinsic efficiency, on a random location, and moderate timing tails, along with an average longitudinal position resolution of 7.7 mm {sigma}, in the range from a few Hz/cm{sup 2} up to 80Hz/cm{sup 2} without noticeable degradation of performance. Additionally, the matching efficiency was estimated using the tracking system of HADES, yielding an average value of 97.5%.

  5. Architectural Prototyping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bardram, Jakob; Christensen, Henrik Bærbak; Hansen, Klaus Marius

    2004-01-01

    A major part of software architecture design is learning how specific architectural designs balance the concerns of stakeholders. We explore the notion of "architectural prototypes", correspondingly architectural prototyping, as a means of using executable prototypes to investigate stakeholders......' concerns with respect to a system under development. An architectural prototype is primarily a learning and communication vehicle used to explore and experiment with alternative architectural styles, features, and patterns in order to balance different architectural qualities. The use of architectural...... prototypes in the development process is discussed, and we argue that such prototypes can play a role throughout the entire process. The use of architectural prototypes is illustrated by three distinct cases of creating software systems. We argue that architectural prototyping can provide key insights that...

  6. Architectural prototyping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bardram, Jakob Eyvind; Christensen, Henrik Bærbak; Hansen, Klaus Marius

    2004-01-01

    A major part of software architecture design is learning how specific architectural designs balance the concerns of stakeholders. We explore the notion of "architectural prototypes", correspondingly architectural prototyping, as a means of using executable prototypes to investigate stakeholders......' concerns with respect to a system under development. An architectural prototype is primarily a learning and communication vehicle used to explore and experiment with alternative architectural styles, features, and patterns in order to balance different architectural qualities. The use of architectural...... prototypes in the development process is discussed, and we argue that such prototypes can play a role throughout the entire process. The use of architectural prototypes is illustrated by three distinct cases of creating software systems. We argue that architectural prototyping can provide key insights that...

  7. Test beam results on resistive plate chamber prototype at gamma irradiation facility in CERN

    CERN Document Server

    Chung, C H; Kim, M J; Kim, M S; Kong, D J; Park, K H; Shim, H S; Yun, C W

    1999-01-01

    We report recent results on performances of 2 mm double-gap RPC operated with the CERN SPS X5 120 GeV muon beams under high rate /sup 137/Cs irradiation. We obtained the efficiency and time resolution and other related physical parameters. This was done for a three component gas mixture: (C/sub 2/H/sub 2/F/sub 4/:iso-C/sub 4/H/sub 10 /:SF/sub 6/=95.5:3.0:1.5). The best results were obtained under these conditions and the RPC prototype fulfilled all requirements as muon trigger for LHC. (12 refs).

  8. A small animal pet prototype with sub-millimetre spatial resolution based on tRPCs

    OpenAIRE

    Blanco Castro, Alberto

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to explore the possibility of building a Positron Emission Tomography (PET) system with sub-millimetre spatial resolution and absence of parallax error based on timing Resistive Plate Chambers (tRPC), to be used in the imaging of small animals. An RPC-PET prototype has been built consisting in two detector heads. Each head is built from sixteen independent metal-glass RPCs with a gas gap of 0.300 mm working on avalanche mode in the standard mixture. The cha...

  9. The Requirements and Design of the Rapid Prototyping Capabilities System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haupt, T. A.; Moorhead, R.; O'Hara, C.; Anantharaj, V.

    2006-12-01

    The Rapid Prototyping Capabilities (RPC) system will provide the capability to rapidly evaluate innovative methods of linking science observations. To this end, the RPC will provide the capability to integrate the software components and tools needed to evaluate the use of a wide variety of current and future NASA sensors, numerical models, and research results, model outputs, and knowledge, collectively referred to as "resources". It is assumed that the resources are geographically distributed, and thus RPC will provide the support for the location transparency of the resources. The RPC system requires providing support for: (1) discovery, semantic understanding, secure access and transport mechanisms for data products available from the known data provides; (2) data assimilation and geo- processing tools for all data transformations needed to match given data products to the model input requirements; (3) model management including catalogs of models and model metadata, and mechanisms for creation environments for model execution; and (4) tools for model output analysis and model benchmarking. The challenge involves developing a cyberinfrastructure for a coordinated aggregate of software, hardware and other technologies, necessary to facilitate RPC experiments, as well as human expertise to provide an integrated, "end-to-end" platform to support the RPC objectives. Such aggregation is to be achieved through a horizontal integration of loosely coupled services. The cyberinfrastructure comprises several software layers. At the bottom, the Grid fabric encompasses network protocols, optical networks, computational resources, storage devices, and sensors. At the top, applications use workload managers to coordinate their access to physical resources. Applications are not tightly bounded to a single physical resource. Instead, they bind dynamically to resources (i.e., they are provisioned) via a common grid infrastructure layer. For the RPC system, the

  10. First results of CMS RPC performance at 13 TeV

    CERN Document Server

    Pedraza-Morales, M I

    2016-01-01

    The muon spectrometer of the CMS (Compact Muon Solenoid) experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is equipped with a redundant system made of Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs) and Drift Tube (DT) chambers in the barrel, RPC and Cathode Strip Chambers (CSCs) in the endcap region. In this paper, the first results of the performance of the RPC system during 2015 with the LHC running at 13 TeV is presented. The stability of the RPC performance, in terms of efficiency, cluster size and noise, is reported.

  11. RPC detector characteristics and performance for INO-ICAL experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, A.; Gaur, A.; Hasbuddin, Md.; Naimuddin, Md.

    2016-03-01

    The India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) is an approved multi-institutional collaboration neutrino physics project, aimed at building an underground laboratory in the southern India. INO will utilize a large magnetized Iron Calorimeter (ICAL) detector to study the atmospheric neutrinos, and to explore the unresolved issues related to neutrinos. The Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs), interleaved in between iron absorber layers, are going to be used as the active signal readouts for the ICAL experiment at INO. The research and development is carried out to find structural quality and electrical response for RPC electrode materials available within local domain. The assembled 2 mm gap RPCs are tested using cosmic muons for their detection performance. The study also incorporates preliminary results on detector timing and signal induced charge measurements.

  12. Measuring massive metastable charged particles with ATLAS RPC timing information.

    CERN Document Server

    Ellis, Jonathan Richard; Oye, Ola Kristoffer

    2006-01-01

    We investigate the measurement of massive metastable charged particles in ATLAS, using timing information from the resistive plate chambers (RPCs). As representative particle candidates we use staus, the partners of $ au$ leptons in supersymmetric models with gravitino dark matter (GDM), which may well be stable on the scale of the detector. The generic signatures of massive metastable charged particles are a long Time-of-Flight (ToF) and high energy-loss ($dE/dx$). The RPC timing information allows us to measure the ToF of a particle which, taken in conjunction with the measurement of the particle's momentum from its track, allows one to determine its mass. We pioneer the study of the RPCs' potential for this measurement. We also consider triggering effects on the event selection, and discuss quantitatively the ATLAS potential for measuring the stau mass in three specific GDM benchmark scenarios.

  13. System performances of the HADES-tRPC wall

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gonzalez-Diaz, Diego [GSI, Darmstadt (Germany)

    2008-07-01

    The HADES-tRPC is a Time-of-Flight wall in an end-cap configuration, designed for reaching a global time resolution of the order of 100 ps({sigma}) and an efficiency close to 100% over 8 m{sup 2}, with an average 180 tracks load, at a particle flux of several hundreds of Hz/cm{sup 2}. The design of the HADES experiment emphasizes a ToF wall that makes a cost-effective use of the electronic channels (2400 channels, 1ch/35 cm{sup 2}) in order to keep the average channel occupancy below 10%, without further requirements on space resolution (kept in the current design at modest levels of 40-80 mm{sup 2}). Based on that, phenomena like charge sharing, and of course cross-talk or electric coupling in between channels cannot be tolerated and are therefore suppressed to a large extent, through the careful electrical shielding of each individual tRPC cell. We present in-beam measurements (October 2007) at nominal flux loads, from a fully equipped sextant (1.3 m{sup 2}), focusing on the time resolution and efficiency for different primary ionizations, together with performance studies at high local track density (that we refer as multi-hit capability). The preliminary achieved global time resolution of 85 ps({sigma}), efficiency above 98% with a comfortable plateau, self-calibration capability, stability and low cross-talk (below 1%) together with capability for double-hit recovery and compact FEE electronics with Q-ToT conversion on-board and high dynamic range are the main features of this new ToF wall.

  14. System performances of the HADES-tRPC wall

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The HADES-tRPC is a Time-of-Flight wall in an end-cap configuration, designed for reaching a global time resolution of the order of 100 ps(σ) and an efficiency close to 100% over 8 m2, with an average 180 tracks load, at a particle flux of several hundreds of Hz/cm2. The design of the HADES experiment emphasizes a ToF wall that makes a cost-effective use of the electronic channels (2400 channels, 1ch/35 cm2) in order to keep the average channel occupancy below 10%, without further requirements on space resolution (kept in the current design at modest levels of 40-80 mm2). Based on that, phenomena like charge sharing, and of course cross-talk or electric coupling in between channels cannot be tolerated and are therefore suppressed to a large extent, through the careful electrical shielding of each individual tRPC cell. We present in-beam measurements (October 2007) at nominal flux loads, from a fully equipped sextant (1.3 m2), focusing on the time resolution and efficiency for different primary ionizations, together with performance studies at high local track density (that we refer as multi-hit capability). The preliminary achieved global time resolution of 85 ps(σ), efficiency above 98% with a comfortable plateau, self-calibration capability, stability and low cross-talk (below 1%) together with capability for double-hit recovery and compact FEE electronics with Q-ToT conversion on-board and high dynamic range are the main features of this new ToF wall

  15. Prototyping Revisited

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Poul H. Kyvsgård; Hansen, Svend Aage; Hansen, Erik

    2006-01-01

    Until now, prototyping has been developing as a technological discipline. In so it has proven to be a strong means to test specific solutions or physical designs before the launch of a product. The results have been reduced development time and improvement of quality in a broad sense. There are......, however, indications that we should review our perception of prototypes to be broader and to view our application of prototypes in a broader organizational view. This paper presents an initial and explorative review of the changing role of prototypes in product development....

  16. Preliminary performance results for the ATLAS RPC test stand in Lecce

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present here a preliminary performance analysis of the ATLAS RPC tested at the Lecce cosmic ray testing facility. In this paper we define the operating working point for our detectors and show the distribution of the principal operating parameters

  17. First Results on RB2 Muon Barrel RPC Detector for CMS

    CERN Document Server

    Colaleo, A

    2002-01-01

    The first CMS MB2 station, with one RPC and one DT module, has been tested with a muon beam under a high intensity photon flux at the CERN Gamma Irradiation Facility (GIF) during the Autumn 2001 test. Results on efficiency, rate capability, cluster size and spatial resolution, for the RPC detector, are reported here. Studies with a small percentage of SF6 in the gas mixture, in order to decrease the noise rate, have also been carried out.

  18. Analisis Penyerangan Virus Conficker Pada Sistem Operasi Windows XP Di Celah Keamanan RPC DCOM 3

    OpenAIRE

    Afriza, Nandar

    2011-01-01

    Windows XP is a commercial operating system which is widely used because of its user friendliness and availability. However, this operating system also has some weaknesses regarding its security. One of which is its RPC protocol, which can be used by unintended users (crackers) to spread computer viruses. One virus that uses RPC protocol is the well known Conficker. Conficker may cause disruption in network activities so that the computer may become slow. The purpose of this ...

  19. The RPC-based IFR system at BaBar experiment preliminary results

    CERN Document Server

    Piccolo, D; Bagnasco, S; Baldini, R; Band, H R; Bionta, R; Buzzo, A; Calcaterra, A; Cavallo, N; Contri, R; Crosetti, G; De Nardo, Gallieno; De Sangro, R; Fabozzi, F; Falciai, D; Finocchiaro, G; Gatto, C; Johnson, J; Lista, L; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M; Monge, R; Palano, A; Paolucci, P; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I; Piccolo, M; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Sciacca, C; Wright, D; Yu, Z; Zallo, A

    2002-01-01

    The IFR system is a RPC-based detector used to identify muons and neutral hadrons in the BaBar experiment at PEP II machine in SLAC. The RPC system can be used to reconstruct the trajectory of muons, pions and neutral hadrons interacting in the iron of the IFR. The different range and hit pattern allow to discriminate different particles crossing the IFR. An overview of the system design and the preliminary results on the IFR performances are reported.

  20. The RPC muon trigger system for CMS experiment on LHC collider

    CERN Document Server

    Bunkowski, K; Goscilo, L; Górski, M; Kazana, M; Kalinowski, A; Kierzkowski, K; Królikowski, J; Kudla, I G; Nakielski, T; Pietrusinski, M; Pozniak, Krzysztof T; Wrochna, G; Zabolotny, W M; Zalewski, Piotr; Zych, P

    2002-01-01

    In this article the RPC muon trigger for the CMS experiment on the LHC collider is presented. The overall structure of the RPC muon trigger system is presented. More details are given for trigger algorithm built with usage of the Patten Comparator (PAC) ASIC. Front End electronics are briefly discussed. The optical data link system using a compression/decompression scheme allowing large link reduction is demonstrated. Synchronization and diagnostics tasks are discussed. (14 refs).

  1. Solution Prototype

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Efeoglu, Arkin; Møller, Charles; Serie, Michel

    2013-01-01

    environment. The solution prototype that is composed from blending product and service prototype has particular impacts on the dualism of DSR’s “Build” and “Evaluate”. Since the mix between product and service prototyping can be varied, there is a demand for a more agile and iterative framework. Van de Ven......’s research framework seems to fit this purpose. Van de Ven allows for an iterative research approach to problem solving with flexible starting point. The research activity is the result between the iteration of two dimensions. This framework focuses on the natural evaluation, particularly on ex...

  2. SU-C-BRD-07: The Radiological Physics Center (RPC): 45 Years of Improving Radiotherapy Dosimetry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: The RPC, established in 1968 has contributed to the development, conduct, and QA of NCI funded multi-institutional cooperative group clinical trials and institutions, primarily in the USA/Canada and 242 other countries, participating in trials. Methods: The RPC QA program components were designed to audit the radiation dose calculation chain from the NIST traceable reference beam calibration, to inclusion of dosimetry parameters used to calculate tumor doses, to the delivery of the radiation dose. The QA program included: 1) remote TLD/OSLD audit of machine output, 2) on-site dosimetry review visits, 3) credentialing for advanced technologies, and 4) review of patient treatment records. The RPC presented and published their findings to the radiation oncology community. Results: The number of institutions monitored by the RPC increased from around 1200 in the late 90s, to ∼2000 in 2013. There were over 4000 megavoltage therapy machines and ∼28,000 therapy beams in the 1991 institutions monitored by the RPC by the end of 2013. Within the 14,000 photon, electron and proton beam outputs remotely monitored with TLD/OSLD annually, between 10-20% of the institutions have one or more beams outside the RPC 5% criterion. Dosimetry site visits to photon and proton centers continue to result in 2-4 recommendations affecting key dosimetry parameters that impact patient treatment times. One in four patient treatment records reviewed by the RPC have their dose data corrected by >5% before trial groups use them for outcomes analysis. Twelve of fourteen clinically active proton centers are approved to participate in NCI funded clinical trials. The RPC published 222 peer reviewed articles since 1972. Conclusion: Findings from the RPC suggest that human errors continue to play a role in radiotherapy discrepancies and without the RPC independent QA program, the number of undetected errors and time elapsed before their discovery would have been greater. Work supported by

  3. Simulations for MARTA (Muon Auger RPC for the Tank Array)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maurizio, D.; Shellard, R.C. [CBPF, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2013-07-01

    Full text: The Muon Auger RPC for the Tank Array (MARTA) detector is being studied as part of the Pierre Auger Observatory upgrade. The aim of this detector is to provide a very good capability to discriminate muons in an air shower. This property is very important for it allows Auger to investigate the changes in the hadronic interactions at high energies; to improve the energy evolution by better understanding the muon component of the showers, as well as the missing energy into neutrinos; to increase the primary photon discrimination. A simulation package was developed to integrate with the regular Auger software to describe the behaviour of the detector and allow the fine running of the parameters that define the detector. This package use Geant4 to describe the detector and the electronics response. However this package is very computer intensive so we are developing a fast version of simulation, using Python as the program language. In this paper we describe some of physics parameters results provided by the simulation. (author)

  4. A Study on the time resolution of Glass RPC

    CERN Document Server

    Dash, N; Majumder, G

    2014-01-01

    The 50~kton Iron Calorimeter (ICAL) detector at the underground India based Neutrino Observatory (INO) will make measurements on atmospheric neutrinos. Muons produced in charged current (CC) interactions of muon neutrinos with the iron are tracked spatially and temporally through the signals that they produce in the Resistive Plate Chambers~(RPCs) that are interleaved with iron layers. Since the RPCs will be operated in the avalanche mode the signal rise-time is $\\sim~1~\\rm{nsec}$ resulting in a fast time response. While the muon track is derived from the X and Y hit information of the RPCs and the layer number (Z), the upward or downward direction is obtained by using the time information from the detector. Such a capability can be examined by analysing the timing information from $1~\\rm{m}~\\times~1~\\rm{m}$ glass RPCs, with $3~\\rm{cm}$ wide X- and Y- pick-up strips, in a $12$ layer RPC stack that measures cosmic muon events. The present study looks at the pixel-wise time response of these RPCs in order to im...

  5. Electronics design of the RPC system for the OPERA muon

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present document describes the front-end electronics of the RPC system that instruments the magnet muon spectrometer of the OPERA experiment. The main task of the OPERA spectrometer is to provide particle tracking information for muon identification and simplify the matching between the Precision Trackers. As no trigger has been foreseen for the experiment, the spectrometer electronics must be self-triggered with single-plane readout capability. Moreover, precision time information must be added within each event frame for off-line reconstruction. The read-out electronics is made of three different stages: the Front-End Boards (FEBs) system, the Controller Boards (CBs) system and Trigger Boards (TBs) system. The FEB system provides discrimination of the strip incoming signals; a FAST-OR output of the input signals is also available for trigger plane signal generation. FEB signals are required by the CB system that provides the zero suppression and manages the communication to the DAQ and Slow Control. A Trigger Board allows to operate in both self-trigger mode (the FEB's FAST-OR signal starts the plane acquisition) or in external-trigger mode (different conditions can be set on the FAST-OR signals generated from different planes)

  6. Collaborative Prototyping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bogers, Marcel; Horst, Willem

    2014-01-01

    exclusively to the domain of design engineers to an activity integral to NPD, with participants from within the organization (different functions and managers) and from outside (consultants and users). In effect, this collapses the discrete steps in the prototyping process (at the managerial level) to an...... changes, and it detects emerging usability problems through active engagement and experimentation. As such, the collaborative prototype acts as a boundary object to represent, understand, and transform knowledge across functional, hierarchical, and organizational boundaries. Our study also identifies some...... constraints in involving the appropriate stakeholders at the right time. The paper specifically elaborates on the role of users in collaborative prototyping, which is important in order to cover all phases of the problem-solving cycle but triggers an interesting challenge due to the “reverse empathy” that a...

  7. Efficiency of RPC detectors for whole-body human TOF-PET

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The resistive plate chamber (RPC) concept for time-of-flight positron emission tomography (TOF-PET) is based on the converter-plate gamma detection principle and takes advantage of the naturally layered structure of RPCs, of its simple and economic construction, excellent time resolution and very good intrinsic position accuracy. These characteristics may be of interest for the detailed imaging of small animals and for high-sensitivity whole-body human TOF-PET. In this communication we will present detailed simulations concerning the efficiency and imaging accuracy of the RPC-PET concept as a function of the main structural parameters, supplemented by measurements in a large-area chamber targeted at human RPC-PET.

  8. Efficiency of RPC detectors for whole-body human TOF-PET

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blanco, A. [LIP, Laboratorio de Instrumentacao e Fisica Experimental de Particulas, 3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal); Couceiro, M. [LIP, Laboratorio de Instrumentacao e Fisica Experimental de Particulas, 3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal); ISEC, Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Coimbra, 3031-199 Coimbra (Portugal); Crespo, P. [LIP, Laboratorio de Instrumentacao e Fisica Experimental de Particulas, 3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal); Ferreira, N.C. [IBILI, Instituto Biomedico de Investigacao de Luz e Imagem, Faculty of Medicine, 3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal); Ferreira Marques, R. [LIP, Laboratorio de Instrumentacao e Fisica Experimental de Particulas, 3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal); Departamento de Fisica, Universidade de Coimbra, 3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal); Fonte, P. [LIP, Laboratorio de Instrumentacao e Fisica Experimental de Particulas, 3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal); ISEC, Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Coimbra, 3031-199 Coimbra (Portugal)], E-mail: fonte@lipc.fis.uc.pt; Lopes, L. [LIP, Laboratorio de Instrumentacao e Fisica Experimental de Particulas, 3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal); Neves, J.A. [LIP, Laboratorio de Instrumentacao e Fisica Experimental de Particulas, 3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal); Departamento de Fisica, Universidade de Coimbra, 3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal)

    2009-05-01

    The resistive plate chamber (RPC) concept for time-of-flight positron emission tomography (TOF-PET) is based on the converter-plate gamma detection principle and takes advantage of the naturally layered structure of RPCs, of its simple and economic construction, excellent time resolution and very good intrinsic position accuracy. These characteristics may be of interest for the detailed imaging of small animals and for high-sensitivity whole-body human TOF-PET. In this communication we will present detailed simulations concerning the efficiency and imaging accuracy of the RPC-PET concept as a function of the main structural parameters, supplemented by measurements in a large-area chamber targeted at human RPC-PET.

  9. JTAG test system for RPC muon trigger in the CMS experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Pozniak, Krzysztof T; Pietrusinski, M; Romaniuk, Ryszard; Rutkowski, P Z

    2002-01-01

    Theoretical and practical realisation of the JTAG testing system for the RPC Muon trigger of the CMS experiment at the LHC accelerator at CERN laboratory (Geneva) is presented. The paper covers issues related to tests of connections of the printed circuit boards (PCB) of the RPC trigger. Functionality tests of devices and modules were performed. Special tests were designed for large PLD FPGA. Testing environment for the JTAG model is discussed. The model is based on some existing and some newly developed testing algorithms. Practical system realisation is presented. The system consists of the hardware interface and the software layer. Software was built using C++ object oriented language and databases. Exemplary tests of the RPC Muon trigger electronics was performed and the results were given.

  10. Dynamic Response of RPC-Filled Steel Tubular Columns with High Load Carrying Capacity Under Axial Impact Loading

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TIAN Zhimin; WU Ping'an; JIA Jianwei

    2008-01-01

    Experimental investigation into impact-resistant behavior of reactive powder concrete (RPC)-filled steel tubular columns was conducted, and dynamic response of the columns under axial impact loading was studied by means of numerical simulation method.Increase coefficient of load carrying capacity and ratio of load carrying capacity between steel tube and RPC core of columns were obtained.

  11. Angular distribution of cosmic muons using INO–ICAL prototype detector at TIFR

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S Pal; G Majumder; M K Mondal; D Samuel; B Satyanarayana

    2012-11-01

    The India-based Neutrino Observatory Collaboration is planning to set up a magnetized 50 kt iron calorimeter (ICAL) with resistive plate chambers (RPC) as active detectors to study neutrino oscillations and precisely measure its parameters. A prototype detector stack is set up at TIFR (18°54'N, 72°48'E) to track cosmic ray muons. Using the muon data, angular distribution of cosmic ray muons at the sea level is studied here.

  12. A hadronic calorimeter with Glass RPC as sensitive medium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The SDHCAL technological prototype is a 1 × 1 × 1.3 m3 high-granularity Semi-Digital Hadronic CALorimeter using Glass Resistive Plate Chambers as sensitive medium. It is one of the two HCAL options considered by the ILD Collaboration to be proposed for the detector of the future International Linear Collider project. The prototype is made of up to 50 GRPC detectors of 1 m2 size and 3 mm thickness each with an embedded semi-digital electronics readout that is autotriggering and power-pulsed. The GRPC readout is finely segmented into pads of 1 cm2. Measured performances of the GRPC and the full SDHCAL prototype in terms of homogeneity, low noise and energy resolution are presented in this proceeding

  13. Effect of glass thickness variation on the performance of RPC detectors

    CERN Document Server

    Sadiq, Jafar; Behera, Prafulla Kumar

    2016-01-01

    The India-based Neutrino Observatory(INO) is planning to build a magnetized iron calorimeter detector (ICAL) in which Resistive Plate Chambers(RPCs) will be the active detector elements. Study of the performance of RPC detectors of varying glass thickness is pivotal in optimizing the design parameters of the ICAL RPCs. We fabricated RPCs with glasses of varying thickness and studied their performance in the same ambient conditions. The study of detector efficiency, noise rate, time resolution and charge resolution is presented in this paper. We have observed that the knee voltage of the RPC varies with the thickness of the glass electrode.

  14. Study of gas contaminants and interaction with materials in RPC closed loop system

    CERN Document Server

    Colafranceschi, S; Benussi, L.; Bianco, S.; Passamonti, L.; Piccolo, D.; Pierluigi, D.; Russo, A.; Ferrini, M.; Greci, T.; Saviano, G.; Vendittozzi, C.; Abbrescia, M.; Calabria, C.; Colaleo, A.; Iaselli, G.; Maggi, M.; Nuzzo, S.; Pugliese, G.; Verwilligen, P.; Sharma, A.

    2013-01-01

    Resistive Plate Counters (RPC) detectors at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) experiments use gas recirculation systems to cope with large gas mixture volumes and costs. In this paper a long-term systematic study about gas purifiers, gas contaminants and detector performance is discussed. The study aims at measuring the lifetime of purifiers with new and used cartridge material along with contaminants release in the gas system. During the data-taking the response of several RPC double-gap detectors was monitored in order to characterize the correlation between dark currents, filter status and gas contaminants.

  15. A study of gas contaminants and interaction with materials in RPC closed loop systems

    CERN Document Server

    Colafranceschi, S; Benussi, L; Bianco, S; Passamonti, L; Piccolo, D; Pierluigi, D; Russo, A; Ferrini, M; Greci, T; Saviano, G; Vendittozzi, C; Abbrescia, M; Calabria, C; Colaleo, A; Iaselli, G; Maggi, M; Nuzzo, S; Pugliese, G; Verwilligen, P; Sharma, A

    2012-01-01

    Resistive Plate Counters (RPC) detectors at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) experiments use gas recirculation systems to cope with large gas mixture volumes and costs. In this paper a long-term systematic study about gas purifiers, gas contaminants and detector performance is discussed. The study aims at measuring the lifetime of purifiers with unused and used cartridge material along with contaminants release in the gas system. During the data-taking the response of several RPC double-gap detectors was monitored in order to characterize the correlation between dark currents, filter status and gas contaminants.

  16. Preliminary Cluster Size and Efficiencies results of CMS RPC at GIF++

    CERN Document Server

    Gonzalez Blanco Gonzalez, Genoveva

    2016-01-01

    A brief description and first preliminary results of the Efficiencies and Cluster Size measurements of the CMS Resistive Plate Chambers, will be presented inside the Gamma Irradiation Facility GIF++ at CERN. Preliminary studies that sets the base performance measurements of CMS RPC for starting aging studies.

  17. 信息动态%Size Effect on Strength of Ultra-high Strength Concrete RPC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Reactive Powder Concrete (RPC)is a new kind of ultra-high strength cement based composite with excellent mechanics performance and durability. In order to make RPC used in structural engineering effectively,size effect on strength of the ultra high strength concrete RPC specimen is experimental studied and the mechanism is analyzed in this paper. Test results show that if the 4 cm cube compressive strength is the control strength,conversion coefficients of 10 em cube compressive strength at 150 MPa and 200 MPa grade are 0.81 and 0.76 respectively; conversion coefficients of 10 cm× 10 cm× 30 cm prism compressive strength at 150 MPa and 200 MPa grade are 0.71 and 0. 63 respectively; the size effect conversion coefficient tends to decrease with the increase of control strength, the larger the specimen size, the lower the compressive strength. RPC is a typical brittle material. It extends instability quickly after cracking;damage concentrated in the local area,and therefore appears higher size effect.

  18. Installation of last DT+RPC packages for the muon barrel detector of CMS

    CERN Multimedia

    Jesus Puerta-Pelayo

    2007-01-01

    On friday 26 October 2007 the last BMu package (DT+RPC chambers) was installed in the cavern into the iron yoke of CMS. This operation marked the completion of the central muon detector of CMS. Some pictures of this last installation round (8 chambers in total in YB-2 and YB-1) are shown here.

  19. CMS reconstruction improvement for the muon tracking by the RPC chambers

    CERN Document Server

    Kim, M S; Goh, J; Choi, Y; Beernaert, K; Cimmino, A; Costantini, S; Garcia, G; Lellouch, J; Marinov, A; Ocampo, A; Strobbe, N; Thyssen, F; Tytgat, M; Verwilligen, P; Yazgan, E; Zaganidis, N; Dimitrov, A; Hadjiiska, R; Litov, L; Pavlov, B; Petkov, P; Aleksandrov, A; Genchev, V; Iaydjiev, P; Rodozov, M; Shopova, M; Sultanov, G; Ban, Y; Cai, J; Ge, Y; Li, Q; Qian, S; Xue, Z; Avila, C; Chaparro, L F; Gomez, J P; Moreno, B Gomez; Oliveros, A F Osorio; Sanabria, J C; Assran, Y; Sharma, A; Abbrescia, M; Calabria, C; Colaleo, A; Loddo, F; Maggi, M; Pugliese, G; Benussi, L; Bianco, S; Colafranceschi, S; Piccolo, D; Buontempo, S; Carrillo, C; Iorio, O; Paolucci, P; Berzano, U; Gabusi, M; Vitulo, P; Kang, M; Lee, K S; Park, S K; Shin, S

    2012-01-01

    The contribution of Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) to muon reconstruction and identification in CMS has been studied on a sample of muons collected in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV at the LHC in 2011. Muon tracks are reconstructed using the Drift Tubes in the central barrel region, Cathode Strip Chambers in the endcap region and RPC chambers in both the barrel and endcaps. Measured distributions of reconstructed hits in the RPCs crossed by muons from Z decays with a transverse momentum pT above 20 GeV/c are well reproduced by the Monte Carlo simulation. From the samples of J/psi and Z events, the muon reconstruction and identification efficiencies with and without the inclusion of the RPC hits in the track fitting are measured and compared with the simulation. Using RPC information in track reconstruction improves up to about 3% of offline reconstruction efficiency for the muons in the region of pT above 7 GeV/c, in good agreement with simulation.

  20. RPC-testing and preparation of card array for the experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper consists of the short description about the hardware and software for testing of the electronical channel array for the proportional chambers which is produced on the base of the RPC-32 recording cards. Some data are shown for N≅ 15500 channels after their's testing. 3 refs.; 8 figs.; 2 tabs

  1. DAQ system for testing RPC front-end electronics of the INO experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) is the active detector element in the INO experiment. The in-house developed ANUSPARSH-III ASICs are being used as front-end electronics of the detector. The 2 m X 2 m RPC being used has 64-readout channels on X-side and 64-readout channels on Y-side. In order to test and validate the FE along with the RPC, a 64-channel DAQ system has been designed and developed. The detector parameters to be measured are noise rate, efficiency, hit pattern register and time resolution. The salient features of the DAQ system are: 64-channel LVDS receiver in FPGA, FPGA based parameter calculations and a micro controller for acquiring the processed data from FPGAs and sent through Ethernet and USB interfaces. The DAQ system consists of following parts: Two FPGAs each receiving 32 LVDS channels, FPGA firm-ware, micro controller firm-ware, Ethernet interface, embedded web server hosting data analysis software, USB interface, and Lab-windows based data analysis software. The DAQ system has been tested at TIFR with 1 m X 1 m RPC

  2. Optimisation and Characterisation of Glass RPC for India-based Neutrino Observatory Detectors

    CERN Document Server

    Kanishka, R; Indumathi, D

    2016-01-01

    The proposed magnetised Iron CALorimeter detector (ICAL) to be built in the India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) laboratory aims to detect atmospheric muon neutrinos. In order to achieve improved physics results, the constituent components of the detector must be fully understood by proper characterisation and optimisation of various parameters. Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs) are the active detector elements in the ICAL detector and can be made of glass or bakelite. The number of RPCs required for this detector is very large number so a detailed R & D is necessary to establish the characterisation and optimisation of these RPCs. These detectors once installed will be taking data for 15-20 years. In this paper, we report the selection criteria of glass used of various Indian manufacturers such as Asahi, Saint Gobain and Modi. Based on the factors like aging that deteriorate the quality of glass the choice is made. The glass characterisation studies include UV-VIS transmission for optical properties, SEM...

  3. RPCI:面向互联网的RPC框架%RPC for Internet applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伟; 余利华

    2013-01-01

    RPC is one of the fundamental components of distributed systems underneath popular websites, which is critical for development, maintenance and availability of Internet applications. However, popular RPC systems rarely meet all requirements of Internet applications. This paper analyzes the common RPC requirements of Internet applications. It proposes a RPCI, a RPC system designed for Internet applications. RPCI adopts a novel three tier RPC architecture including link-server, app-server and status-server. The link-server maintains connections from clients and dispatches requests to app-server based on customized routing policy, making app-server stateless, and hence system maintenance costs are reduced. RPCI is implemented based on popular open source project thrift, and experimental results show that it outperforms thrift by 50%.%RPC是互联网后端分布式系统的核心组件,能够降低互联网应用开发、运维成本,提高可用性和可扩展性,但是目前流行的RPC框架不能完全满足互联网应用需求。分析了互联网应用环境下RPC系统的需求,并针对需求提出了面向互联网的RPC系统RPCI。RPCI采用三层架构,将长连接服务器独立出来,以支持无状态应用服务器设计和灵活的请求路由策略,使得系统扩容、升级、运维更加容易。基于thrift实现了RPCI,优化了性能,实验结果表明,RPCI性能优秀,相比常用开源软件thrift性能提升50%以上。

  4. Conditional Mutants of Rpc160, the Gene Encoding the Largest Subunit of RNA Polymerase C in Saccharomyces Cerevisiae

    OpenAIRE

    Gudenus, R; Mariotte, S; Moenne, A; Ruet, A; Memet, S; Buhler, J M; Sentenac, A; Thuriaux, P

    1988-01-01

    A 18.4-kb fragment of the yeast genome containing the gene of the largest subunit of RNA polymerase C (RPC160) was cloned by hybridization to a previously isolated fragment of that gene. RPC160 maps on chromosome XV, tightly linked but not allelic to the essential gene TSM8740. Temperature sensitive (ts) mutant alleles were constructed by in vitro mutagenesis with NaHSO(3) and substituted for the wild-type allele on the chromosome. Four of them were unambiguously identified as rpc160 mutants ...

  5. 基于 RPC 模型的建筑物高度提取技术%Building height extraction technique based on RPC model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戚浩平; 张利; 杨波; 申佩佩

    2013-01-01

    In order to calculate the building volume rate of a traffic area, the height of a building and its number of floors are exacted directly from a single high resolution satellite image by using the RPC( rational polynomail cofficient) model.First, the geodetic coordinates of the basement corner point of the building are measured in the corrected image, while the image coordinates of the base-ment corner point and the roof corner point on the same plumb line are measured respectively.Then, the measured results are standardized.Finally, the geodetic heights of the basement corner point and the roof corner point of the building are obtained after iterative calculation in the RPC model, whose difference is the height of the building.The experimental results show that the RMSE ( root mean square errors) of the building height extracted using the RPC method from QuickBird image which has spatial resolution of 0.61 m is ±0.57 m, and that from the IKONOS image which has spatial resolution of 1.0 m is ±0.80 m, indicating that the overall accuracy of the RPC method is within 1 pixel.%为了计算交通小区的建筑容积率,利用RPC模型直接从单幅高分辨率卫星影像上提取建筑物高度和层数信息.首先,在纠正后的影像上量取建筑物墙脚点的大地坐标,在影像坐标系中分别量取同一铅垂线上的墙脚点坐标和屋顶点坐标.然后,将量测结果标准化,代入RPC模型,经迭代运算得到墙脚点和屋顶点的大地高,两者之差即为建筑物高度.实验结果表明,利用RPC法从空间分辨率为0.61 m的QuickBird影像上提取的房高中误差为±0.57 m,而从分辨率为1.0 m的IKONOS影像上提取的房高中误差为±0.80 m,由此表明所提方法的总体精度在1个像元以内.

  6. RPC with low-resistive phosphate glass electrodes as a candidate for the CBM TOF

    CERN Document Server

    Akindinov, A; Gapienko, V; Grishuk, Yu G; Guber, F; Herrmann, N; Karavichev, O; Kiselev, S; Maevskaya, A; Razin, V; Semak, A; Smirnitsky, A V; Sviridov, Y; Tiflov, V; Voloshin, K; Zaetz, V G; Zagreev, B; Grishuk, Yu.; Sviridov, Yu.

    2006-01-01

    Usage of electrodes made of glass with low bulk resistivity seems to be a promising way to adapt the Resistive Plate Chambers (RPC) to the high-rate environment of the upcoming CBM experiment. A pilot four-gap RPC sample with electrodes made of phosphate glass, which has bulk resistivity in the order of 10^10 Ohm cm, has been studied with MIP beam for TOF applications. The tests have yielded satisfactory results: the efficiency remains above 95% and the time resolution stays within 120 ps up to the particle rate of 18 kHz/cm2. The increase in rate from 2.25 to 18 kHz/cm2 leads to an increase of estimated "tails" fraction in the time spectrum from 1.5% to 4%.

  7. First results of CMS RPC performance at 13 TeV

    CERN Document Server

    Pedraza Morales, Maria Isabel

    2016-01-01

    In May 2015, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN, collided, for the first time, protons at the record-breaking center-of-mass energy of 13TeV. The LHC restarted after a two-year technical stop, know as Long Shutdown 1 (LS1), needed for servicing and consolidating the CERN accelerator complex. The Compact Muon Solenoid detector, a general-purpose detector at LHC, benefited from LS1 by performing crucial tasks necessary to operate the detector at higher energies. In particular, the Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) system, one of the three muon detector technologies in CMS, was serviced, re-commissioned, and upgraded with 144 new chambers to enhance muon trigger efficiency. The CMS RPC collaborations has exploited early data samples at 13TeV for detector performance studies. These data allowed for a first characterization of the newly installed chambers. The results obtained are presented here.

  8. Data-driven performance evaluation method for CMS RPC trigger system using 2011 data at LHC

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A Sharma; S B Beri; on behalf of the CMS Collaboration

    2012-10-01

    The compact muon solenoid (CMS) is one of the four experiments which is getting and analysing the results of the collision of protons at LHC. The CMS trigger system is divided into two stages, the level-1 trigger and high-level triggers, to handle the large stream of data produced in collision. The information transmitted from the three muon subsystems (DT, CSC and RPC) are collected by the Global Muon Trigger (GMT) Board and merged. A method for evaluating the RPC system trigger efficiency with data from collision was developed using the features of GMT. The results of the study with the real data of 2011 are shown and discussed here along with the comparison of Monte Carlo results

  9. First DT+RPC chambers installation round in the UX5 cavern

    CERN Multimedia

    Jesus Puerta-Pelayo

    2007-01-01

    DT+RPC packages corresponding to sectors 1 and 7 of the barrel region cannot be installed on surface, since the lowering gantry from SX5 to UX5 uses their gaps to hold the wheels. Therefore this installation has to be carried out in the cavern. These pictures illustrate the first installation round on YB+2 right after the lowering. A total of 8 chambers were successfully installed in 2 days.

  10. Data transfer simulation for the RPC muon trigger of the CMS experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Górski, M; Królikowski, J; Kudla, M; Pozniak, Krzysztof T; Wrochna, G; Zalewski, P

    2004-01-01

    Proton-proton collisions in the LHC accelerator will occur every 25ns. The muon trigger of the CMS experiment will have to analyse data from 200000 channels of RPC chambers every bunch crossing. Special compression algorithm has been developed to transmit the data from the chambers to the trigger electronics through optical fibers. The data flow has been simulated, and the data loss estimate is presented.

  11. Early evolution of comet 67P studied with the RPC-LAP onboard Rosetta

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miloch, Wojciech; Edberg, Niklas J. T.; Eriksson, Anders I.; Yang, Lei; Paulsson, Joakim J. P.; Wedlund, Cyril Simon; Odelstad, Elias

    2016-07-01

    The Rosetta mission provides the in-situ measurements of a comet that are closest to a comet's aphelion ever made. The Rosetta Plasma Consortium (RPC) is a set of five instruments on board the spacecraft that specialise in the measurements of the plasma environment of comet 67P. One of the instruments is RPC-LAP, which consists of two Langmuir Probes and can measure the density, temperature, and flow speed of the plasma in the vicinity of the comet. At the early stage of the Rosetta mission, when the spacecraft is far from the nucleus of comet 67P, the ion part of the current-voltage characteristics of RPC-LAP1 is dominated by the photoemission current which surpasses the currents from the dilute solar wind plasma. As Rosetta starts orbiting around the nucleus in September 2014, LAP1 picks up signatures of local plasma density enhancements corresponding to variations of water-group ions observed in the vicinity of the comet. With the help of current-voltage characteristics and the spacecraft potential, we identify and characterise in space and time the entering of this coma-dominated plasma. In particular we determine the transition for entering the ion dominated region characterised by the 6-hour variations in the local plasma density due to the comet rotation. This transition manifests as a steep gradient in the density with respect to the distance to the comet nucleus. We discuss these RPC-LAP results together with the corresponding measurements by other instruments to provide a comprehensive picture of the transition.

  12. A test system based on LabVIEW for RPC-Gd thermal neutron detector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new performance test system for thermal neutron detector Gd-RPC was designed based on LabVIEW in WinXP. By using the emulational control board and calling the Dynamic Link Libraries (DLLs) of CAMAC, we encapsulated the CAMAC commands independently, in order to encapsulate the CAMAC models in function modules. These modules can be selected and modified easily according to the requirements of different tests. (authors)

  13. Long-term study of optimal gas purifiers for the RPC systems at LHC

    CERN Document Server

    Altuntas, E; Glushkov, I; Guida, R; Hahn, F; Haider, S; Mandelli, B; Rouwette, S

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates the impurities produced in the gas of heavily irradiated RPC chambers and the properties of possible purifiers for the closed-loop gas systems used in the LHC experiments. The goal is finding the operational conditions that will keep the RPC gas purity near the level of the fresh gas quality to ensure proper operation of the large RPC systems at high luminosity. The properties and performance of a large number of purifiers have been understood. On that basis, an optimal combination of different filters consisting of MS (MS) 5Å and 4Å, and a CuO catalyst R11 has been chosen and validated irradiating a set of RPCs at the CERN Gamma Irradiation Facility (GIF) for several years. An important feature of this new filters configuration is the increase of the cycle duration for each purifier, which results in better stability and reduced downtime of the gas systems. If needed, it permits to comfortably increase the gas flow in the detectors during the high luminosity running at LHC.

  14. Performance of ATLAS RPC Level-1 muon trigger during the 2015 data taking

    CERN Document Server

    Corradi, Massimo; The ATLAS collaboration

    2016-01-01

    RPCs are used in the ATLAS experiment at the LHC for muon trigger in the barrel region, which corresponds to |eta|<1.05. The status of the barrel trigger system during the 2015 data taking is presented, including measurements of the RPC detector efficiencies and of the trigger performance. The RPC system has been active in more than 99.9% of the ATLAS data taking, showing very good reliability. The RPC detector efficiencies were close to Run-1 and to design value. The trigger efficiency for the high-pT thresholds used in single-muon triggers has been approximately 4% lower than in Run 1, mostly because of chambers disconnected from HV due to gas leaks. Two minor upgrades have been performed in preparation of Run 2 by adding the so-called feet and elevator chambers to increase the system acceptance. The feet chambers have been commissioned during 2015 and are included in the trigger since the last 2015 runs. Part of the elevator chambers are still in commissioning phase and will probably need a replacement ...

  15. Performance of ATLAS RPC Level-1 Muon trigger during the 2015 data taking

    CERN Document Server

    Corradi, Massimo; The ATLAS collaboration

    2016-01-01

    The Level-1 Muon Barrel Trigger is one of the main elements of the event selection of the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. Its input stage consists of an array of processors receiving the full granularity of data from Resistive Plate Chambers in the central area of the ATLAS detector ("Barrel"). The trigger efficiency and the level of synchronisation of its elements with the rest of ATLAS and the LHC clock are crucial figures of this system: many parameters of the constituent RPC detector and the trigger electronics have to be constantly and carefully checked to assure a correct functioning of the Level-1 selection. Notwithstanding the complexity of such a large array of integrated RPC detectors, the ATLAS Level-1 system has resumed operations successfully after the past 2 year shutdown, with levels similar to those of Run 1. We present the inclusive monitoring of the RPC+L1 system that we have developed to characterise the behaviour of the system, using reconstructed muons in events selected by...

  16. Precision measurement of timing RPC gas mixtures with laser-beam induced electrons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naumann, L.; Siebold, M.; Kaspar, M.; Kämpfer, B.; Kotte, R.; Laso Garcia, A.; Löser, M.; Schramm, U.; Wüstenfeld, J.

    2014-10-01

    The main goals of a new test facility at Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf are precision measurements of the electron drift velocity and the Townsend coefficient of gases at atmospheric pressure in the strongest ever used homogenous electrical fields and the search for new RPC gas mixtures to substitute the climate harmful Freon. Picosecond UV laser pulses were focused into a sub-millimeter gas gap to initialize a defined tiny charge. These gaps are formed by electrodes of low-resistive ceramics or high-resistive float glass. The charge multiplication occurs in a strong homogeneous electric field of up to 100 kV/cm. Electron-ion pairs were generated in a cylindrical micro-volume by multi-photon ionization. The laser-pulse repetition rate ranges from 1 Hz to a few kHz. The RPC time resolution has been measured for different gases. First results of the Townsend coefficient at 100 kV/cm show a strong disagreement between the present measurement and Magboltz simulations for the typical timing RPC gas mixture C2F4H2/SF6/i-C4H10, while the measured electron drift velocities are in a good agreement with the model predictions.

  17. Efecto de la hormona de crecimiento (GH en el catch-up de ratas con retardo prenatal de crecimiento (RPC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Quintero, Fabián

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo analiza los cambios morfométricos en el crecimiento postnatal de ratas RPC tratadas con GH. Ratas Wistar se dividieron en: Control (C, Sham-operado (Sh, RPC y RPC+GH. El RPC fue inducido por ligamiento de las arterias uterinas a los 14 días de gestación. La GH fue administrada desde los 21 hasta los 60 días de edad (Genotropin® 3.0 mg/kg/día. A los animales Sh se les inyectó sólo el diluyente. Los animales se radiografiaron a los 84 días de edad y se relevaron longitudes, anchos y alturas neurocraneana y esplacnocraneana y longitudes y anchos femoral, humeral y tibial, longitud de la columna y anchos pélvico inferior, medio y superior. Los datos fueron procesados mediante análisis de componentes principales (ACP y discriminante (AD. El primer componente del ACP mostró efecto tamaño y el segundo forma, separando los sexos y los tratamientos. Los valores de F del AD fueron altamente significativos. La primera función quedó definida por los anchos pélvico medio y superior y la longitud tibial, explicando el 66% de la varianza. La segunda por el ancho pélvico superior y longitud tibial, explicando un 18% más de la variación total. La longitud tibial discriminó entre sexos y el ancho pélvico superior entre tratamientos. El análisis separó a los RPC de los RPC+GH y agrupó a éstos últimos con los Sh. Se concluye que el tratamiento con GH en animales RPC permite el catch up en tamaño y forma corporal, siendo más efectivo en las hembras.

  18. Ageing tests on the low-resistivity RPC for the ALICE dimuon arm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The trigger for the Dimuon Forward Spectrometer of the forthcoming ALICE experiment at CERN LHC will be provided by low-resistivity, single gap Resistive Plate Chambers working in streamer mode. Different ageing test were performed to measure and improve the life-time of the detector. Dummy chambers have been built to understand the effects of continuous gas flow upon the Bakelite resistivity: the results concerning our standard gas mixture (49% Ar, 40% forane, 7% isobutane and 4% SF6) are reported, and compared with the same mixture in which ∼1% of water vapor is added. Moreover, two ageing test of 1 month each have been carried out at the Gamma Irradiation Facility at CERN during 2001. The efficiency for cosmic rays under γ irradiation of RPCs coated with different thicknesses of linseed oil was measured. After protracted operation, the detectors have shown an increase of the current and of the background rate. The increase is slower in the chamber with a thicker oil coating

  19. Ageing tests on the low-resistivity RPC for the ALICE dimuon arm

    CERN Document Server

    Arnaldi, R; Barret, V; Bastid, N; Blanchard, G; Chiavassa, E; Cortese, P; Crochet, Philippe; De Marco, N; Dellacasa, G; Drancourt, C; Dupieux, P; Espagnon, B; Ferretti, A; Forestier, B

    2003-01-01

    The trigger for the Dimuon Forward Spectrometer of the forthcoming ALICE experiment at CERN LHC will be provided by low-resistivity, single gap Resistive Plate Chambers working in streamer mode. Different ageing test were performed to measure and improve the life- time of the detector. Dummy chambers have been built to understand the effects of continuous gas flow upon the Bakelite resistivity: the results concerning our standard gas mixture (49% Ar, 40% forane, 7% isobutane and 4% SF//6) are reported, and compared with the same mixture in which similar to 1% of water vapor is added. Moreover, two ageing test of 1 month each have been carried out at the Gamma Irradiation Facility at CERN during 2001. The efficiency for cosmic rays under gamma irradiation of RPCs coated with different thicknesses of linseed oil was measured. After protracted operation, the detectors have shown an increase of the current and of the background rate. The increase is slower in the chamber with a thicker oil coating.

  20. Study of RPC Barrel maximum efficiency in 2012 and 2015 calibration collision runs

    CERN Document Server

    Cassar, Samwel

    2015-01-01

    The maximum efficiency of each of the 1020 Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) rolls in the barrel region of the CMS muon detector is calculated from the best sigmoid fit of efficiency against high voltage (HV). Data from the HV scans, collected during calibration runs in 2012 and 2015, were compared and the rolls exhibiting a change in maximum efficiency were identified. The chi-square value of the sigmoid fit for each roll was considered in determining the significance of the maximum efficiency for the respective roll.

  1. The Engineering Value Analysis of RPC%RPC的工程应用价值分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈慧; 张西强

    2010-01-01

    活性粉末混凝土(Reactive Powder Concrete,简称RPC)是近年来广泛受到重视的一种新型复合材料,力学性能优越,具有优良的抗压、抗弯、抗裂和耐久性能.对活性粉末混凝土各个优异技术性能进行阐述,分析RPC的工程应用价值.

  2. Off-line Programming Technology Based on RPC Communication Method and its Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    This paper puts forward a communication programming method between robot and external computer based on RPC (Remote Produce Call) communication method, which realizes robot distributed controlling network system model. And a new Robot off line programming method is built based on this communication method and network model. Further more, as an example, robot automarking and autocutting of shipbuilding profile system is developed, which proves the ideas of author's offline programming and development methods of robot flexible automation system.

  3. Production and quality control of the Barrel RPC chambers of the CMS experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Piccolo, D; Cavallo, E; Colaleo, A; Iaselli, G; Loddo, F; Maggi, M; Marangelli, B; Natali, S; Nuzzo, S; Pulgliese, G; Ranieri, A; Romano, F; Trentadue, R; Cavallo, N; Comunale, G; Fabozzi, F; Paolucci, P; Sciacca, C; Belli, G; De Vecchi, C; Guida, R; Ratti, S P; Riccardi, G; Torre, P; Vitulo, P; Ban, Y; Hong Tao Liu; Si Jin Quian; Yan Lin Ye; Jun Ying; Anguelov, T; Guenchev, V; Panev, B; Piperov, S; Sultanov, G G; Vankov, P; Dimitrov, A; Glushkov, I; Litov, L; Nasteva, I; Pavlov, B; Petkov, P

    2006-01-01

    Resistive Plate Chambers, working in avalanche mode, have been chosen as dedicated muon detector both in barrel and endcap region of the CMS experiment for their fast response and for their capability to be produced as tracking devices on large areas. The production of the barrel RPC chambers will be reported here with special enphasis on the quality control and on the acceptation criteria carried out during the production. Results of the tests with cosmic rays both in production and testing sites will be summerized putting in evidence the problems and the critical issues characterizing the different phases of the construction.

  4. Analysis and Improvement of the BAN Modified Andrew Secure RPC Protocol

    OpenAIRE

    Weibo Liu; Wenping Ma; Yuanyuan Yang

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, We have found a new man-in-the-middle attack on the BAN modified Andrew Secure RPC protocol with a protocol model-checker based on SAT. The man-in-the-middle attack, during which an intruder can impersonate an honest agent and forge a set of messages to communicate with another honest agent, destroys the assumed authentication of the protocol, one of the important properties of security protocol. Subsequently, we have reasoned about vulnerability of the protocol and proposed a ...

  5. Analysis and Improvement of the BAN Modified Andrew Secure RPC Protocol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weibo Liu

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, We have found a new man-in-the-middle attack on the BAN modified Andrew Secure RPC protocol with a protocol model-checker based on SAT. The man-in-the-middle attack, during which an intruder can impersonate an honest agent and forge a set of messages to communicate with another honest agent, destroys the assumed authentication of the protocol, one of the important properties of security protocol. Subsequently, we have reasoned about vulnerability of the protocol and proposed a remedial method to overcome the weakness of the protocol. The method, simple and effective, can be helpful to analyze and design other security protocols.

  6. Development of VME system in RPC electronics for reactor neutrino experiment at Daya Bay Nuclear Power Plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    VME system of the Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) electronics for the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment is described in this paper. A 9U VME RPC trigger module (RTM) is designed to process coincidence signals coming from front end cards (FECs), to generate local triggers and send them to FECs to select the hit data from RPC detector, to report trigger information to a master trigger system and receive cross triggers from the master trigger system. Another 9U VME readout module is designed to collect data from all FECs, to send out configurations to FECs, and to transmit collected hit data to the data acquisition system via VME bus. Test results prove that the VME system is capable of treating a maximum data rate (2.2 MB·s-1), without data loss. (authors)

  7. Velocity measurement of cosmic muons using the India-based Neutrino Observatory prototype detector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) collaboration is planning to set up a magnetized 50 kton iron-calorimeter with resistive plate chambers (RPC) as active detectors to study neutrino oscillations. A prototype detector stack (without magnet) comprising 12 layers of RPCs of 1 m×1 m in area has been set-up to track cosmic ray muons. To study its capability and the feasibility of distinguishing between up-going and down-going particles, the velocity of cosmic muons recorded in this stack has been measured. The measurement procedure, calibration and results are described here.

  8. Rethink! prototyping transdisciplinary concepts of prototyping

    CERN Document Server

    Nagy, Emilia; Stark, Rainer

    2016-01-01

    In this book, the authors describe the findings derived from interaction and cooperation between scientific actors employing diverse practices. They reflect on distinct prototyping concepts and examine the transformation of development culture in their fusion to hybrid approaches and solutions. The products of tomorrow are going to be multifunctional, interactive systems – and already are to some degree today. Collaboration across multiple disciplines is the only way to grasp their complexity in design concepts. This underscores the importance of reconsidering the prototyping process for the development of these systems, particularly in transdisciplinary research teams. “Rethinking Prototyping – new hybrid concepts for prototyping” was a transdisciplinary project that took up this challenge. The aim of this programmatic rethinking was to come up with a general concept of prototyping by combining innovative prototyping concepts, which had been researched and developed in three sub-projects: “Hybrid P...

  9. Performance of the RPC-based ALICE muon trigger system at the LHC

    CERN Document Server

    Bossù, Francesco; Marchisone, Massimiliano

    2012-01-01

    The forward muon spectrometer of ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) is equipped with a trigger system made of four planes of Resistive Plate Chambers (RPC), arranged in two stations with two planes each, for a total area of about 140 m2 . The system provides single and di-muon triggers with suitable transverse momentum selection, optimised for the physics of quarkonia and open heavy flavour. In the first two years of data-taking at the Large Hadron Collider (2010 and 2011) the 72 RPCs were operated in highly saturated avalanche mode in both pp and Pb-Pb collisions. The integrated charge was about 1.3 mC/cm2 on average and 3.5 mC/cm2 for the most exposed detectors. This paper describes two main results. The first result is the determination of the RPC performance, with particular focus on the stability of the main detector parameters such as efficiency, dark current, and dark rate. The second result is the measurement of the muon trigger performance in Pb-Pb collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 2.76 TeV, in terms o...

  10. The Front-End Electronics for the HADES RPC Wall (ESTRELA-FEE)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belver, D.; Garzón, J. A.; Gil, A.; González-Díaz, D.; Koenig, W.; Lange, S.; Marín, J.; Montes, N.; Skott, P.; Traxler, M.; Zapata, M.

    2006-08-01

    A new front-end electronics (FEE) system for RPC timing measurements has been developed for the ESTRELA project, which is part of the upgrade of the HADES experiment at GSI. The RPCs will cover an area of 8 m 2 with 2048 electronic channels. The chain consists on 2 boards: a 4-channel daughterboard (DB) and a 32-channel motherboard (MB). The DB uses a fast 2 GHz amplifier that feeds a discriminator with a constant threshold and an operational amplifier for a charge measurement by a Time-Over-Threshold (ToT) method for the integrated signal (for a slewing correction). The MB is connected to 8 DB, and provides voltage regulation, DACs for signal thresholds and a trigger logic. The MB delivers the differential output signals to an external HPTDC chip. Results are presented for (a) narrow electronic test pulses and for (b) RPC signals from gamma photons, showing a timing jitter around 15 ps/channel (for pulses above 100 fC) and 30-40 ps/channel, respectively. Tests with coincidently firing channels reveal levels of cross-talk below a 1% for a threshold of 25 fC, with a degradation of the time resolution of 10 ps at most.

  11. Characterization of RPC operation with new environmental friendly mixtures for LHC application and beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guida, R.; Capeans, M.; Mandelli, B.

    2016-07-01

    The large muon trigger systems based on Resistive Plate Chambers (RPC) at the LHC experiments are currently operated with R134a based mixture. Unfortunately R134a is considered a greenhouse gas with high impact on the enviroment and therefore will be subject to regulations aiming in strongly reducing the available quantity on the market. The immediat effects might be instability on the price and incertitude in the product availability. Alternative gases (HFO-1234yf and HFO-1234ze) have been already identified by industry for specific applications as replacement of R134a. Moreover, HFCs similar to the R134a but with lower global warming potential (GWP) are already available (HFC-245fa, HFC-32, HFC-152a). The present contribution describes the results obtained with RPCs operated with new enviromemtal friendly gases. A particular attention has been addressed to the possibility of maintening the current operation conditions (i.e. currently used applied voltage and front-end electronics) in order to be able to use a new mixture for RPC systems even where the common infrastructure (i.e. high voltage and detector components) cannot be replaced for operation at higher applied voltages.

  12. 羊八井50m2 RPC地毯性能研究%Study on the Performance of YBJ 50m2 RPC Carpet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    利用羊八井50m2 RPC地毯(YBJ-ARGO实验原型)的测试数据对其性能进行了分析研究,包括原初粒子方位角分布、天顶角分布、地毯的角分辨、探测时间系统误差对方位角分布的正弦调制、探测时间系统误差的离线修正、几何不对称的小型地毯探测器上原初粒子到达方向重建误差造成的方位角分布的不均匀性等.%The characteristics of a 50m2 RPC carpet(prototype of YBJ-ARGO experiment)was analyzed using its test run data.A correction method of the systematic time error is suggested,and non-uniform azimuthal angle distribution possibly due to direction reconstruction error on an asymmetric carpet is reported.

  13. Performances of the Front-End Electronics for the HADES RPC TOF wall on a 12C beam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belver, D.; Cabanelas, P.; Castro, E.; Díaz, J.; Garzón, J. A.; Gil, A.; Gonzalez-Diaz, D.; Koenig, W.; Traxler, M.; Zapata, M.

    2009-05-01

    A Front-End Electronics (FEE) chain for timing accurate measurements has been developed for the RPC wall upgrade of the High-Acceptance DiElectron Spectrometer (HADES). The wall will cover an area of around 8 m with 1122 RPC cells (2244 electronic channels). The FEE chain consists of two boards: a four-channel DaughterBOard (DBO) and a 32-channel MotherBOard (MBO). The DBO uses a fast 2 GHz amplifier feeding a discriminator. The time and the charge information are encoded in the leading and the trailing edge (by a charge to width method) of an LVDS signal. Each MBO houses up to eight DBOs providing them regulated voltage supply, threshold values via DACs, test signals and collection of their trigger outputs. The MBO delivers LVDS signals to a time-to-digital converter readout board (TRB) based on HPTDC for data acquisition. In this work, we present the performance of the FEE measured using: (a) narrow electronic test pulses and (b) real signals read out in a fully instrumented RPC sextant installed in its final position at the HADES. The detector was exposed to particles coming from reactions of a 12C beam on Be and Nb targets at 2 GeV/A kinetic energy. Results for the whole electronic chain (DBO+MBO+TRB) show a timing jitter of around 40 ps/channel for pulses above 100 fC and 80 ps/channel for beam data taken with the RPC.

  14. The HADES RPC time of flight wall performance in Au+Au collisions at 1.23 AGeV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kornakov, Georgy [TU Darmstadt (Germany)

    2014-07-01

    The HADES Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) detector measures the time-of-flight of charged particles in the innermost part of the High Acceptance Di-Electron Spectrometer located at GSI, Darmstadt, Germany. Its main goal is to provide lepton identification at low momenta (p<400MeV/c) as well as identification of pi, K, p, He3, d/He4, t, studied by the experiment. For the Au+Au beam time, a major improvement of the spectrometer in terms of granularity and particle identification capability was achieved by replacing the old TOFino detector by the new shielded timing RPC time-of-flight detectors. The gold beam provided by the SIS 18 accelerator with energy of 1.23 AGeV was colliding with a segmented gold target, creating in the RPC region mean multiplicities of 72 charged particles per event and in the most central ones of 150 charged particles. Results show a RPC efficiency above 95 % and a mean time accuracy below 70 ps. In here we describe the design and performance characteristics required to achieve the goal as well as the methods and algorithms used for calibration and correction of the data.

  15. Highly efficient resistive plate chambers for high rate environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The full scale prototype of an Inverted Double Gap RPC module for ME-1/1 station of the CMS detector was tested in the Gamma Irradiation Facility at the CERN SPS muon beam. The chamber made of medium resistivity bakelite and filled with 'green gas' mixture of C2H2F4/iso-butane/SF6 has wide efficiency plateau and good timing properties when operated in avalanche mode under continuous irradiation with strong 137Cs source for rates up to about 5 kHz/cm2/gap

  16. First installation of DT and RPC packages into the CMS iron yoke

    CERN Multimedia

    Jesus Puerta-Pelayo

    2004-01-01

    These pictures illustrate the installation process of muon barrel packages (DT + RPC) into the pockets of the CMS iron yoke at SX5. The chambers are first transported in groups of four from the ISR area (where they are certified and coupled together) to the construction hall in Cessy (neighbouring France), called Point 5 (or SX5). Once there, they pass through a fast high voltage and electronic certification test, before being slid into the insertion cradle. This cradle is attached to the yoke and aligned to the chamber rails, allowing an easy insertion. A rate of 3 chambers per day can be achieved. This set of pictures was taken during the first final insertion round at Point 5, where most chambers for the lower part of YB+2 were installed.

  17. Database and interactive monitoring system for the electronics of RPC muon trigger in CMS experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Wiacek, D; Kudla, I; Pozniak, Krzysztof T; Romaniuk, Ryszard

    2005-01-01

    The main task of the RPC (resistive plate chamber) muon trigger monitoring system design for the CMS (compact muon solenoid) experiment (at LHC in CERN Geneva) is the visualization of data that includes the structure of electronic trigger system (e.g. geometry and imagery), the way of its processes and to generate automatically files with VHDL source code used for programming of the FPGA matrix. In the near future, the system enables the analysis of condition, operation and efficiency of individual muon trigger elements, registration of information about some muon trigger devices and present previously obtained results in interactive presentation layer. A broad variety of different database and programming concepts for design of muon trigger monitoring system was presented in this article.

  18. Multigap RPC for PET: development and optimisation of the detector design

    CERN Document Server

    Georgiev, Georgi; Kozhuharov, Venelin; Lessigiarska, Iglika; Litov, Leandar; Pavlov, Borislav; Petkov, Peicho

    2012-01-01

    Transforming the resistive plate chambers from charged-particle into gamma-quanta detectors opens the way towards their application as a basic element of a hybrid imaging system, which combines positron emission tomography (PET) with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a single device and provides non- and minimally- invasive quantitative methods for diagnostics. To this end, we performed detailed investigations encompassing the whole chain from the annihilation of the positron in the body, through the conversion of the created photons into electrons and to the optimization of the electron yield in the gas. GEANT4 based simulations of the efficiency of the RPC photon detectors with different converter materials and geometry were conducted for optimization of the detector design. The results justify the selection of a sandwich-type gas-insulator-converter design, with Bi or Pb as converter materials.

  19. CMS/RPC background particle simulation with the GEANT code preliminary results

    CERN Document Server

    Jamil, M

    2005-01-01

    A method to simulate the background particles of compact muon solenoid (CMS) endcap resistive plate chambers (RPCs) is described using a realistic Monte Carlo simulation based on the geometry and tracking (GEANT) code and analyzed with physics analysis workstation (PAW) interfaces. Sensitivity calculations were performed for particles such as gamma 's, e/sup -/'s and e/sup +/'s in the range 0.1 - 100 MeV for their respective spectra. For the evaluation of the response of detector in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) background environment, the gamma , e/sup -/ and e/sup +/ energy spectra expected in the CMS muon endcap region were taken into account whereas the RPC sensitivity was evaluated as a function of the detector size.

  20. Rapid Prototyping for Robotics

    OpenAIRE

    Ebert-Uphoff, Imme; Gosselin, Clement M.; Rosen, David W.; Laliberte, Thierry

    2005-01-01

    The rapid prototyping framework presented in this chapter provides fast, simple and inexpensivemethods for the design and fabrication of prototypes of robotic mechanisms.As evidenced by the examples presented above, the prototypes can be of great help togain more insight into the functionality of the mechanisms, as well as to convey theconcepts to others, especially to non-technical people. Furthermore, physical prototypescan be used to validate geometric and kinematic properties such as mech...

  1. Rapid Prototyping Laboratory

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The ARDEC Rapid Prototyping (RP) Laboratory was established in December 1992 to provide low cost RP capabilities to the ARDEC engineering community. The Stratasys,...

  2. Cooperative Prototyping Experiments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bødker, Susanne; Grønbæk, Kaj

    1989-01-01

    tried to achieve a fluent work-like evaluation of prototypes where users envisioned future work with a computer tool, at the same time as we made on-line modifications of prototypes in cooperation with the users when breakdown occur in their work-like evaluation. The experiments showed that it was...... possible to make a number of direct manipulation changes of prototypes in cooperation with the users, in interplay with their fluent work-like evaluation of these. However, breakdown occurred in the prototyping process when we reached the limits of the direct manipulation support for modification. From...

  3. Fabrication and Prototyping Lab

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — Purpose: The Fabrication and Prototyping Lab for composite structures provides a wide variety of fabrication capabilities critical to enabling hands-on research and...

  4. Study of the directionality of cosmic muons using the INO-ICAL prototype detector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Majumder, G.; Mondal, N. K.; Pal, S.; Samuel, D.; Satyanarayana, B.

    2014-01-01

    The India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) collaboration is planning to build a magnetised Iron-CALorimeter detector (ICAL) to study atmospheric neutrino oscillations with high precision. The ICAL adopts a 50 kton iron target and about 28 800 Resistive Plate Chambers (RPC) of 2×2 m2 in area as active detector elements. As part of its R&D programme, a prototype detector stack composed of 12 layers of glass RPCs of 1×1 m2 in area has been set up at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) to study the detector parameters using cosmic muons. We present here a study of the capability of this prototype detector to distinguish between up-going and down-going muons.

  5. Architectures of prototypes and architectural prototyping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Klaus Marius; Christensen, Michael; Sandvad, Elmer;

    1998-01-01

    sessions with users, - evolve over a long period of time to contain more functionality - allow for 6-7 developers working intensively in parallel. Explicit focus on the software architecture and letting the architecture evolve with the prototype played a major role in resolving these conflicting...... constraints. Specifically allowing explicit restructuring phases when the architecture became problematic showed to be crucial.  ...

  6. Research on the Reactive Powder Concrete Technology Under Atmospheric Pressure%常压下RPC200配制技术的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张胜; 周锡玲; 谢友均

    2007-01-01

    研究了常压90℃蒸汽养护下不同配合比对活性粉末混凝土(Reactive Powder Concrete,简称RPC)强度的影响.试验结果表明:常压90℃蒸汽养护下通过优选组分,能配制出抗压强度为200 MPa的RPC,抗折强度接近40 MPa.

  7. Resistive plate chamber (RPC) based muon trigger system for the CMS experiment - data compression/decompression system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CMS detector will have a dedicated subdetector (RPC chambers) to identify muons, measure their transverse momenta pt, and determine the bunch crossings from which they originate. The trigger algorithm is based on muon track search and classification in raw data from the RPC chambers grouped in the four muon stations in the CMS magnet yoke. A huge interconnection network is needed to fulfill this task. It can be built in the control room only, approximately 120 m away from the detector. The data compression/decompression system is proposed to reduce the number of links needed to transfer the data from detector to control room. The idea of such a system and results of first tests will be presented. (author)

  8. Performances of the Front-End Electronics for the HADES RPC TOF wall on a {sup 12}C beam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belver, D. [LabCAF, USC, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Dep. de Fisica de Particulas, Santiago de Compostela 15782 (Spain)], E-mail: danielbf@usc.es; Cabanelas, P.; Castro, E. [LabCAF, USC, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Dep. de Fisica de Particulas, Santiago de Compostela 15782 (Spain); Diaz, J. [Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, CSIC-Universidad de Valencia, Valencia 46071 (Spain); Garzon, J.A. [LabCAF, USC, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Dep. de Fisica de Particulas, Santiago de Compostela 15782 (Spain); Gil, A. [Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, CSIC-Universidad de Valencia, Valencia 46071 (Spain); Gonzalez-Diaz, D.; Koenig, W.; Traxler, M. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, GSI, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Zapata, M. [LabCAF, USC, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Dep. de Fisica de Particulas, Santiago de Compostela 15782 (Spain)

    2009-05-01

    A Front-End Electronics (FEE) chain for timing accurate measurements has been developed for the RPC wall upgrade of the High-Acceptance DiElectron Spectrometer (HADES). The wall will cover an area of around 8m{sup 2} with 1122 RPC cells (2244 electronic channels). The FEE chain consists of two boards: a four-channel DaughterBOard (DBO) and a 32-channel MotherBOard (MBO). The DBO uses a fast 2 GHz amplifier feeding a discriminator. The time and the charge information are encoded in the leading and the trailing edge (by a charge to width method) of an LVDS signal. Each MBO houses up to eight DBOs providing them regulated voltage supply, threshold values via DACs, test signals and collection of their trigger outputs. The MBO delivers LVDS signals to a time-to-digital converter readout board (TRB) based on HPTDC for data acquisition. In this work, we present the performance of the FEE measured using: (a) narrow electronic test pulses and (b) real signals read out in a fully instrumented RPC sextant installed in its final position at the HADES. The detector was exposed to particles coming from reactions of a {sup 12}C beam on Be and Nb targets at 2 GeV/A kinetic energy. Results for the whole electronic chain (DBO+MBO+TRB) show a timing jitter of around 40 ps/channel for pulses above 100 fC and 80 ps/channel for beam data taken with the RPC.

  9. Measurement of Characteristic Impedance of Silicon Fiber Sheet based readout strips panel for RPC detector in INO

    CERN Document Server

    Singh, M K; Marimuthu, N; Singh, V; Subrahmanyam, V S

    2016-01-01

    The India based Neutrino Observatory (INO) is a mega science project of India, which is going to use near about 30, 000 Resistive Plate Chambers (RPC) as active detector elements for the study of atmospheric neutrino oscillations. Each RPC detector will consist of two orthogonally placed readout strips panel for picking the signals generated in the gas chamber. The area of RPC detector in INO-ICAL (Iron Calorimeter) experiment will be 2m x 2m, therefore the dimension of readout strips panel will also be of 2m x 2m. To get undistorted signals pass through the readout strips panel to frontend electronics, their Characteristic Impedance should be matched with each other. For the matching of Characteristic Impedance we have used the principle of termination. In the present paper we will describe the need and search of new dielectric material for the fabrication of flame resistant, waterproof and flexible readout pickup strips panel. We will also describe the measurement of Characteristic Impedance of plastic hone...

  10. Analysis of the space-time microstructure of cosmic ray air showers using the HADES RPC TOF wall

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cosmic rays have been studied, since they were discovered one century ago, with a very broad spectrum of detectors and techniques. However, never the properties of the extended air showers (EAS) induced by high energy primary cosmic rays had been analysed at the Earth surface with a high granularity detector and a time resolution at the 0.1 ns scale. The commissioning of the timing RPC (Resistive Plate Chambers) time of flight wall of the HADES spectrometer with cosmic rays, at the GSI (Darmstadt, Germany), opened up that opportunity. During the last months of 2009, more than 500 millions of cosmic ray events were recorded by a stack of two RPC modules, of about 1.25 m2 each, able to measure swarms of up to ∼ 100 particles with a time resolution better than 100 ps. In this document it is demonstrated how such a relative small two-plane, high-granularity timing RPC setup may provide significant information about the properties of the shower and hence about the primary cosmic ray properties.

  11. Performances of super-long span prestressed cable-stayed bridge with CFRP cables and RPC girder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fang Zhi; Fan Fenghong; Ren Liang

    2013-01-01

    To discuss the applicability of advanced composite carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) and ultra-high performance concrete reactive powder concrete (RPC) in super-long span cable-stayed bridges , taking a 1 008 m cable-stayed bridge with steel girders and steel cables as an example,a new cable-stayed bridge in the same span with RPC girders and CFRP cables was designed,in which the cable’s cross section was determined by the principle of equivalent cable capacity and the girder’s cross section was determined in virtual of its stiffness, shear capacity and local stability. Based on the methods of finite element analysis,the comparative analysis of these two cable-stayed bridge schemes about static performances,dynamic performances,stability and wind resis-tance behavior were carried out. The results showed that it was feasible to form a highly efficient,durable concrete cable-stayed bridge with RPC girders and CFRP cables and made its applicable span range expand to 1 000 m long around.

  12. Development of conductive coated polyester film as RPC electrodes using screen printing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Each of the three 16 kton ICAL detector modules at the India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) will use RPCs as the active element, sandwiched between 6 cm thick soft iron plates, for measurements on atmospheric neutrinos. The electrodes of the RPC are float glass sheets having a volume resistivity of about 1012-1013 Ω cm (at room temperature) covered with carbon/graphite or a conductive paint with a surface resistivity of ∼800 kΩ/square to 1 MΩ/square to apply high voltage on the glass surface, so that this surface does not shield the discharge signal from the external pickup plates and is small compared to the resistivity of the glass to provide a uniform potential across the entire surface. We initially coated the surface with locally available graphite powder, mixed with lacquer and thinner, and were able to get a few hundred kΩ/square resistivity. However, we observed a drastic reduction in surface resistivity with time and it came unstuck from the glass. Subsequently a conductive paint developed by Kansai-Nerolac was used. This paint uses modified acrylic resin as binder, conductive black pigment and solvents, which include aromatic hydrocarbons and alcohols. At room temperature, the surface dries in 10 minutes, while complete drying takes ∼18 hours. The spraying is done at a pressure of 4 kg/cm2 with the glass plate kept at a distance of 8-10 in. Using this paint, we are able to achieve the required resistance of ∼ few hundred kΩ/square. We still need to study the long term stability and best curing method. We need to automate the procedure to get a uniform coat and to coat a large number of glasses for the final detector. While robotic systems are available abroad costing about 5 000 000 rupees, we are exploring other alternatives. In particular, we are in the process of developing a polyester film, with a conductive coating on one side, which can be glued on to the glass. The coating was done using on a local commercial screen printing machine

  13. Development of conductive coated polyester film as RPC electrodes using screen printing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalmani, S. D.; Mondal, N. K.; Satyanarayana, B.; Verma, P.; Datar, V. M.

    2009-05-01

    Each of the three 16 kton ICAL detector modules at the India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) will use RPCs as the active element, sandwiched between 6 cm thick soft iron plates, for measurements on atmospheric neutrinos. The electrodes of the RPC are float glass sheets having a volume resistivity of about 10 12-10 13 Ω cm (at room temperature) covered with carbon/graphite or a conductive paint with a surface resistivity of ˜800 kΩ/square to 1 MΩ/square to apply high voltage on the glass surface, so that this surface does not shield the discharge signal from the external pickup plates and is small compared to the resistivity of the glass to provide a uniform potential across the entire surface. We initially coated the surface with locally available graphite powder, mixed with lacquer and thinner, and were able to get a few hundred kΩ/square resistivity. However, we observed a drastic reduction in surface resistivity with time and it came unstuck from the glass. Subsequently a conductive paint developed by Kansai-Nerolac was used. This paint uses modified acrylic resin as binder, conductive black pigment and solvents, which include aromatic hydrocarbons and alcohols. At room temperature, the surface dries in 10 minutes, while complete drying takes ˜18 hours. The spraying is done at a pressure of 4 kg/cm 2 with the glass plate kept at a distance of 8-10 in. Using this paint, we are able to achieve the required resistance of ˜ few hundred kΩ/square. We still need to study the long term stability and best curing method. We need to automate the procedure to get a uniform coat and to coat a large number of glasses for the final detector. While robotic systems are available abroad costing about 5 000 000 rupees, we are exploring other alternatives. In particular, we are in the process of developing a polyester film, with a conductive coating on one side, which can be glued on to the glass. The coating was done using on a local commercial screen printing machine

  14. Prototype energy-saving motor; Prototyp Energiesparmotor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weingartner, J. [Baechli AG, Kriens-Obernau (Switzerland); Lindegger, M. [Circle Motor AG, Guemligen (Switzerland)

    2004-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) presents the results of investigations made on the development of an energy-efficient electric motor. The aim of the prototype 'Eco-Motor' project was the development of a winding technique and the optimisation of the design of the stator. Various winding techniques (toroid winding, core winding, coil winding) were examined and used in the realisation of prototype 'Eco-Motors' for a nominal voltage of 230 V a.c. The designs were evaluated in both a simulation (FEMM) and as well as in the test facilities at the College of Engineering and Architecture in Lucerne, Switzerland. The measured data of the 'Eco-Motor' were then compared with a standard asynchronous motor. The 'Eco-Motor' with a toroid winding had the best efficiency. At low loads, all 'Eco-Motor' prototypes have a higher efficiency than asynchronous motors. On the other hand, none of the 'Eco-Motors' have yet reached the nominal power of 250 W. The developers state, however, that with a few adjustments this should pose no problems.

  15. ICI Showcase House Prototype

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2009-02-16

    Building Science Corporation collaborated with ICI Homes in Daytona Beach, FL on a 2008 prototype Showcase House that demonstrates the energy efficiency and durability upgrades that ICI currently promotes through its in-house efficiency program called EFactor.

  16. Innovation og prototyper

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Svend Aage; Hansen, Erik; Kyvsgård, Poul H.

    Denne artikel advokerer for at danske virksomheder skal (gen)indføre prototyper som middel til at hurtigere at komme fra ide til salg og samtidig skabe et bedre produkt. LEGO og B&O gennemgår deres erfaringer med anvendelse af simple prototyper tidligt i det forløb, der nyudvikler et produkt. De ...... speede processen op og endelig kan den inddrage leverandører og kunder, inden det nye produkt sendes på gaden....

  17. Radiation tests of real-sized prototype RPCs for the Phase-2 Upgrade of the CMS Muon System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, K. S.; Cho, S. W.; Choi, S. Y.; Hong, B.; Go, Y.; Kang, M. H.; Lim, J. H.; Park, S. K.; Cimmino, A.; Crucy, S.; Fagot, A.; Gul, M.; Rios, A. A. O.; Tytgat, M.; Zaganidis, N.; Aly, S.; Assran, Y.; Radi, A.; Sayed, A.; Singh, G.; Abbrescia, M.; Iaselli, G.; Maggi, M.; Pugliese, G.; Verwilligen, P.; van Doninck, W.; Colafranceschi, S.; Sharma, A.; Benussi, L.; Bianco, S.; Piccolo, D.; Primavera, F.; Bhatnagar, V.; Kumarl, R.; Metha, A.; Singh, J.; Ahmad, A.; Ahmad, M.; Ahmed, W.; Asghar, M. I.; Awan, I. M.; Hassan, Q.; Hoorani, H.; Khan, W. A.; Khurshid, T.; Muhammad, S.; Shah, M. A.; Shahzad, H.; Kim, M. S.; Goutzvitz, M.; Grenier, G.; Lagarde, F.; Laktineh, I. B.; Carpinteyro Bernardino, S.; Uribe Estrada, C.; Pedraza, I.; Severiano, C. B.; Carrillo Moreno, S.; Vazquez Valencia, F.; Pant, L. M.; Buontempo, S.; Cavallo, N.; Esposito, M.; Fabozzi, F.; Lanza, G.; Lista, L.; Meola, S.; Merola, M.; Orso, I.; Paolucci, P.; Thyssen, F.; Braghieri, A.; Magnani, A.; Montagna, P.; Riccardi, C.; Salvini, P.; Vai, I.; Vitulo, P.; Ban, Y.; Qian, S. J.; Choi, M.; Choi, Y.; Goh, J.; Kim, D.; Aleksandrov, A.; Hadjiiska, R.; Iaydjiev, P.; Rodozov, M.; Stoykova, S.; Sultanov, G.; Vutova, M.; Dimitrov, A.; Litov, L.; Pavlov, B.; Petkov, P.; Lomidze, D.; Avila, C.; Cabrera, A.; Sanabria, J. C.; Crotty, I.; Vaitkus, J.

    2016-08-01

    We report on a systematic study of double-gap and four-gap phenolic resistive plate chambers (RPCs) for the Phase-2 upgrade of the CMS muon system at high η. In the present study, we constructed real-sized double-gap and four-gap RPCs with gap thicknesses of 1.6 and 0.8 mm, respectively, with 2-mm-thick phenolic high-pressure-laminated (HPL) plates. We examined the prototype RPCs with cosmic rays and with 100-GeV muons provided by the SPS H4 beam line at CERN. To examine the rate capability of the prototype RPCs both at Korea University and at the CERN GIF++ facility, the chambers were irradiated with 137Cs sources providing maximum gamma rates of about 1.5 kHz cm‑2. For the 1.6-mm-thick double-gap RPCs, we found the relatively high threshold on the produced detector charge was conducive to effectively suppressing the rapid increase of strip cluster sizes of muon hits with high voltage, especially when measuring the narrow-pitch strips. The gamma-induced currents drawn in the four-gap RPC were about one-fourth of those drawn in the double-gap RPC. The rate capabilities of both RPC types, proven through the present testing using gamma-ray sources, far exceeded the maximum rate expected in the new high-η endcap RPCs planned for future phase-II runs of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC).

  18. Programmatic Perspectives on Using `Rapid Prototyping Capability' for Water Management Applications Using NASA Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toll, D.; Friedl, L.; Entin, J.; Engman, E.

    2006-12-01

    The NASA Water Management Program addresses concerns and decision making related to water availability, water forecast and water quality. The goal of the Water Management Program Element is to encourage water management organizations to use NASA Earth science data, models products, technology and other capabilities in their decision support tools (DSTs) for problem solving. The goal of the NASA Rapid Prototyping Capability (RPC) is to speed the evaluation of these NASA products and technologies to improve current and future DSTs by reducing the time to access, configure, and assess the effectiveness of NASA products and technologies. The NASA Water Management Program Element partners with Federal agencies, academia, private firms, and may include international organizations. Currently, the NASA Water Management Program oversees eight application projects. However, water management is a very broad descriptor of a much larger number of activities that are carried out to insure safe and plentiful water supply for humans, industry and agriculture, promote environmental stewardship, and mitigate disaster such as floods and droughts. The goal of this presentation is to summarize how the RPC may further enhance the effectiveness of using NASA products for water management applications.

  19. US Air Force Space Weather Products Rapid Prototyping Efforts - Solar Radio Background/Burst Effects and Meteor Effects Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quigley, S.; Scro, K.

    2001-12-01

    The Space Vehicles Directorate of the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL/VSB) has joined efforts with the Technology Applications Division of the Space and Missile Systems Center (SMC Det 11/CIT) to rapidly transition space weather research into prototype, operational, system-impact products. These Rapid Prototyping Center (RPC) products are used to analyze, specify, and forecast the effects of the near-earth space environment on Department of Defense systems and communications. A summary of RPC activity is provided. Emphasis will be placed on current products under development, to include Solar Radio Background/Burst Effects (SoRBE) and Meteor Effects (ME) products. These will be added to real-time operations in the near future. SoRBE specifies the detrimental interference effects of background and event-level solar radio output on radar observations and satellite communications. ME will provide general meteor shower "nowcast" and forecast information, along with more specific meteor and meteor shower impact, radar clutter, and bolide (exploding meteor) effects. A brief overview of recently delivered products: Radar Auroral Clutter, Satellite Scintillation, HF Illumination, and GPS Single-Frequency Error Maps will also be provided.

  20. Virus-induced gene silencing of the RPC5-like subunit of RNA polymerase III caused pleiotropic effects in Nicotiana benthamiana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemchinov, Lev G; Boutanaev, Alexander M; Postnikova, Olga A

    2016-01-01

    In eukaryotic cells, RNA polymerase III is highly conserved and transcribes housekeeping genes such as ribosomal 5S rRNA, tRNA and other small RNAs. The RPC5-like subunit is one of the 17 subunits forming RNAPIII and its exact functional roles in the transcription are poorly understood. In this work, we report that virus-induced gene silencing of transcripts encoding a putative RPC5-like subunit of the RNA Polymerase III in a model species Nicotiana benthamiana had pleiotropic effects, including but not limited to severe dwarfing appearance, chlorosis, nearly complete reduction of internodes and abnormal leaf shape. Using transcriptomic analysis, we identified genes and pathways affected by RPC5 silencing and thus presumably related to the cellular roles of the subunit as well as to the downstream cascade of reactions in response to partial loss of RNA Polymerase III function. Our results suggest that silencing of the RPC5L in N. benthamiana disrupted not only functions commonly associated with the core RNA Polymerase III transcripts, but also more diverse cellular processes, including responses to stress. We believe this is the first demonstration that activity of the RPC5 subunit is critical for proper functionality of RNA Polymerase III and normal plant development. PMID:27282827

  1. SU-E-P-02: Imaging and Radiation Oncology Core (IROC) Houston QA Center (RPC) Credentialing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To provide information pertaining to IROC Houston QA Center's (RPC) credentialing process for institutions participating in NCI-sponsored clinical trials. Methods: IROC Houston issues credentials for NCI sponsored study groups. Requirements for credentialing might include any combination of questionnaires, knowledge assessment forms, benchmarks, or phantom irradiations. Credentialing requirements for specific protocols can be found on IROC Houston's website (irochouston.mdanderson.org). The website also houses the credentialing status inquiry (CSI) form. Once an institution has reviewed the protocol's credentialing requirements, a CSI form should be completed and submitted to IROC Houston. This form is used both to request whether requirements have been met as well as to notify IROC Houston that the institution requests credentialing for a specific protocol. IROC Houston will contact the institution to discuss any delinquent requirements. Once the institution has met all requirements IROC Houston issues a credentialing letter to the institution and will inform study groups and other IROC offices of the credentials. Institutions can all phone the IROC Houston office to initiate credentialing or ask any credentialing related questions. Results: Since 2010 IROC has received 1313 credentialing status inquiry forms. We received 317 in 2010, 266 in 2011, 324 in 2012, and 406 in 2013. On average we receive 35 phone calls per week with multiple types of credentialing questions. Decisions regarding credentialing status are based on the protocol specifications and previous completed credentialing by the institution. In some cases, such as for general IMRT credentialing, up to 5 sites may be credentialed based on the credentialing of one main center. Each of these situations is handled individually. Conclusion: IROC Houston will issue radiation therapy credentials for the NCI trials in the National Clinical Trials Network. Credentialing requirements and the CSI form

  2. Prototyping a Smart City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korsgaard, Henrik; Brynskov, Martin

    In this paper, we argue that by approaching the so-called Smart City as a design challenge, and an interaction design perspective, it is possible to both uncover existing challenges in the interplay between people, technology and society, as well as prototype possible futures. We present a case...... in which we exposed data about the online communication between the citizens and the municipality on a highly visible media facade, while at the same time prototyped a tool that enabled citizens to report ‘bugs’ within the city....

  3. Performance of the Gas Gain Monitoring system of the CMS RPC muon detector and effective working point fine tuning

    CERN Document Server

    Colafranceschi, S; Bianco, S; Passamonti, L; Piccolo, D; Pierluigi, D; Russo, A; Saviano, G; Vendittozzi, C; Abbrescia, M; Aleksandrov, A; Berzano, U; Calabria, C; Carrillo, C; Colaleo, A; Genchev, V; Iaydjiev, P; Kang, M; Lee, K S; Loddo, F; Park, S K; Pugliese, G; Maggi, M; Shin, S; Rodozov, M; Shopova, M; Sultanov, G; Verwillingen, P

    2012-01-01

    The Gas Gain Monitoring (GGM) system of the Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) muon detector in the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment provides fast and accurate determination of the stability in the working point conditions due to gas mixture changes in the closed loop recirculation system. In 2011 the GGM began to operate using a feedback algorithm to control the applied voltage, in order to keep the GGM response insensitive to environmental temperature and atmospheric pressure variations. Recent results are presented on the feedback method used and on alternative algorithms.

  4. Development of a time resolution and position sensitive Multi-Gap Multi-Strip RPC for high counting rate experiments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A full differential strip readout multi-gap RPC was developed to meet high counting rate and high multiplicity requirements of a high collision rate experiments as Compressed Baryonic Matter at the future FAIR facility. The Multi-Gap, Multi-Strip Resistive Plate Chamber (MGMSRPC) is a completely symmetric two stack structure with time resolution around 50 ps and a detection efficiency better than 95%. A very good efficiency and time resolution at counting rates exceeding the CBM-TOF requirements is obtained using low resistivity (∼ 1010 Ωcm) glass electrodes.

  5. Performance of the Gas Gain Monitoring system of the CMS RPC muon detector and effective working point fine tuning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Gas Gain Monitoring (GGM) system of the Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) muon detector in the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment provides fast and accurate determination of the stability in the working point conditions due to gas mixture changes in the closed loop recirculation system. In 2011 the GGM began to operate using a feedback algorithm to control the applied voltage, in order to keep the GGM response insensitive to environmental temperature and atmospheric pressure variations. Recent results are presented on the feedback method used and on alternative algorithms. (technical report)

  6. HTS machine laboratory prototype

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    many of HTS properties are not known and need to be tested with a specific purpose in mind not just for different types of HTS conductors but also for the same type of HTS conductors made by different manufactures. To address some of these challenges, we have constructed a laboratory prototype HTS...

  7. Surrogates-based prototyping

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Du Bois, E.; Horvath, I.

    2014-01-01

    The research is situated in the system development phase of interactive software products. In this detailed design phase, we found a need for fast testable prototyping to achieve qualitative change proposals on the system design. In this paper, we discuss a literature study on current software devel

  8. LEP vacuum chamber, prototype

    CERN Multimedia

    1983-01-01

    Final prototype for the LEP vacuum chamber, see 8305170 for more details. Here we see the strips of the NEG pump, providing "distributed pumping". The strips are made from a Zr-Ti-Fe alloy. By passing an electrical current, they were heated to 700 deg C.

  9. High speed railway RPC- 130 reactive powder concrete material application%严寒地区高速铁路RPC-130活性粉末混凝土材料应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常青

    2014-01-01

    高速铁路电缆槽盖板采用RPC-130活性粉末混凝土,活性粉末混凝土是高技术、高成本混凝土,它具有的高强度、高耐久性、高耐候性等特点,优于任何混凝土。通过对活性粉末混凝土配合比优化,调整活性粉末混凝土材料构成,使活性粉末混凝土用料大众化、工艺简单化、成本经济化,对活性粉末混凝土材料推广和应用具有十分重要意义。%High-speed rail cable slot cover the RPC-130 reactive powder concrete,reactive powder concrete is high technology,high cost of concrete,it has the characteristics such as high strength,high durability, high weather resistance,better than any concrete.Through the optimization of reactive powder concrete mixture ratio,and adjustment of reactive powder concrete materials,make the popularization of reactive powder concrete materials,process simplification, cost economization,will be popularized and applied to the reactive powder concrete material has very important significance.

  10. Attitude-Reconstruction of ROSETTA's lander PHILAE using two-point observations by ROMAP and RPC-MAG

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heinisch, Philip; Auster, Hans-Ulrich; Richter, Ingo; Berghofer, Gerhard; Fornacon, Karl-Heinz; Glassmeier, Karl-Heinz

    2015-04-01

    As part of the European Space Agency's ROSETTA Mission the lander PHILAE touched down on comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko on November 12, 2014. The lander is equipped with a tri-axial fluxgate magnetometer as part of the Rosetta Lander Magnetometer and Plasma-Monitor package (ROMAP). This magnetometer was switched on during descent, the bouncing between the touchdowns and after the final touchdown, which made it possible to reconstruct not only PHILAE's rotation and nutation during flight, but also to determine the exact touchdown times. Together with the tri-axial fluxgate magnetometer of the Rosetta Plasma Consortium (RPC-MAG) onboard the ROSETTA orbiter, simultaneous measurements during the descent and after the touchdowns were used to determine PHILAE's absolute attitude. This was done by correlating magnetic low-frequency waves below 60 mHz simultaneously observed on PHILAE and in orbit by RPC-MAG, which was made possible by the relatively small distance between the two spacecraft's of less than 50km. The results gained from this method are consistent with the illumination patterns of PHILAE's solar arrays and the RF-link periods.

  11. RPC Stereo Processor (rsp) - a Software Package for Digital Surface Model and Orthophoto Generation from Satellite Stereo Imagery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qin, R.

    2016-06-01

    Large-scale Digital Surface Models (DSM) are very useful for many geoscience and urban applications. Recently developed dense image matching methods have popularized the use of image-based very high resolution DSM. Many commercial/public tools that implement matching methods are available for perspective images, but there are rare handy tools for satellite stereo images. In this paper, a software package, RPC (rational polynomial coefficient) stereo processor (RSP), is introduced for this purpose. RSP implements a full pipeline of DSM and orthophoto generation based on RPC modelled satellite imagery (level 1+), including level 2 rectification, geo-referencing, point cloud generation, pan-sharpen, DSM resampling and ortho-rectification. A modified hierarchical semi-global matching method is used as the current matching strategy. Due to its high memory efficiency and optimized implementation, RSP can be used in normal PC to produce large format DSM and orthophotos. This tool was developed for internal use, and may be acquired by researchers for academic and non-commercial purpose to promote the 3D remote sensing applications.

  12. The LUX Prototype Detector

    CERN Document Server

    Akerib, D S; Bedikian, S; Bernstein, A; Bolozdynya, A; Bradley, A; Cahn, S; Carr, D; Chapman, J J; Clark, K; Classen, T; Curioni, A; Dahl, C E; Dazeley, S; deViveiros, L; Dragowsky, M; Druszkiewicz, E; Fiorucci, S; Gaitskell, R J; Hall, C; Faham, C; Holbrook, B; Kastens, L; Kazkaz, K; Kwong, J; Lander, R; Leonard, D; Malling, D; Mannino, R; McKinsey, D N; Mei, D; Mock, J; Morii, M; Nikkel, J; Phelps, P; Shutt, T; Skulski, W; Sorensen, P; Spaans, J; Steigler, T; Svoboda, R; Sweany, M; Thomson, J; Tripathi, M; Walsh, N; Webb, R; White, J; Wolfs, F L H; Woods, M; Zhang, C

    2012-01-01

    The LUX (Large Underground Xenon) detector is a two-phase xenon Time Projection Chamber (TPC) designed to search for WIMP-nucleon dark matter interactions. As with all noble element detectors, continuous purification of the detector medium is essential to produce a large ($>$1ms) electron lifetime; this is necessary for efficient measurement of the electron signal which in turn is essential for achieving robust discrimination of signal from background events. In this paper we describe the development of a novel purification system deployed in a prototype detector. The results from the operation of this prototype indicated heat exchange with an efficiency above 94% up to a flow rate of 42 slpm, allowing for an electron drift length greater than 1 meter to be achieved in approximately two days and sustained for the duration of the testing period.

  13. Prototyping Social Action

    OpenAIRE

    Kurvinen, Esko

    2007-01-01

    Information technology has made social interaction an increasingly important topic for interaction design and technology development. Today’s mobile technology provides for rich communication and awareness between people, regardless of their whereabouts. When people are gathered together, technology is also often present, influencing or even actively taking part in the social activity. Social action is the essence of many systems studied, developed and prototyped by the design and researc...

  14. Rapid prototyping and time compression

    OpenAIRE

    Chatwin, Chris

    2000-01-01

    Rapid Prototyping - manufacture by layering processes: Stereolithography Selective Layer Sintering (SLS) Laminated Object Manufacture (LOM) Solid Ground Curing Small batch programmable rapid manufacture with lasers Micro-Engineering – Prototyping and Manufacture Additive - fabrication Subtractive – machining

  15. MITRE sensor layer prototype

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duff, Francis; McGarry, Donald; Zasada, David; Foote, Scott

    2009-05-01

    The MITRE Sensor Layer Prototype is an initial design effort to enable every sensor to help create new capabilities through collaborative data sharing. By making both upstream (raw) and downstream (processed) sensor data visible, users can access the specific level, type, and quantities of data needed to create new data products that were never anticipated by the original designers of the individual sensors. The major characteristic that sets sensor data services apart from typical enterprise services is the volume (on the order of multiple terabytes) of raw data that can be generated by most sensors. Traditional tightly coupled processing approaches extract pre-determined information from the incoming raw sensor data, format it, and send it to predetermined users. The community is rapidly reaching the conclusion that tightly coupled sensor processing loses too much potentially critical information.1 Hence upstream (raw and partially processed) data must be extracted, rapidly archived, and advertised to the enterprise for unanticipated uses. The authors believe layered sensing net-centric integration can be achieved through a standardize-encapsulate-syndicateaggregate- manipulate-process paradigm. The Sensor Layer Prototype's technical approach focuses on implementing this proof of concept framework to make sensor data visible, accessible and useful to the enterprise. To achieve this, a "raw" data tap between physical transducers associated with sensor arrays and the embedded sensor signal processing hardware and software has been exploited. Second, we encapsulate and expose both raw and partially processed data to the enterprise within the context of a service-oriented architecture. Third, we advertise the presence of multiple types, and multiple layers of data through geographic-enabled Really Simple Syndication (GeoRSS) services. These GeoRSS feeds are aggregated, manipulated, and filtered by a feed aggregator. After filtering these feeds to bring just the type

  16. Majorana Thermosyphon Prototype Experimental Setup

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reid, Douglas J.; Guzman, Anthony D.; Munley, John T.

    2011-08-01

    This report presents the experimental setup of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR thermosyphon prototype cooling system. A nitrogen thermosyphon prototype of such a system has been built and tested at PNNL. This document presents the experimental setup of the prototype that successfully demonstrated the heat transfer performance of the system.

  17. Development of front-end electronics for mini-strip RPC readout

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shinde, Y. [Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica and Sezione INFN, Via G. Amendola 173, 70126 Bari (Italy)], E-mail: yogeshmeets@gmail.com; De Robertis, G. [INFN-Sezione Di Bari Via Orabona, 4, 70125 Bari (Italy); Iaselli, G. [Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica and Sezione INFN, Via G. Amendola 173, 70126 Bari (Italy); Loddo, F.; Pugliese, G. [INFN-Sezione Di Bari Via Orabona, 4, 70125 Bari (Italy); Tupputi, S.; Roselli, G. [Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica and Sezione INFN, Via G. Amendola 173, 70126 Bari (Italy)

    2009-05-01

    The design and test of a single-gap resistive plate chamber instrumented with mini-strip readout is discussed. Efficiency and charge distribution are studied by means of cosmic muons using a small vertical telescope. The feasibility of inferring the position of the impinging particle is studied from the peak charge strip position. On the basis of these results a dedicated front-end VLSI is designed and prototyped.

  18. Development of front-end electronics for mini-strip RPC readout

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The design and test of a single-gap resistive plate chamber instrumented with mini-strip readout is discussed. Efficiency and charge distribution are studied by means of cosmic muons using a small vertical telescope. The feasibility of inferring the position of the impinging particle is studied from the peak charge strip position. On the basis of these results a dedicated front-end VLSI is designed and prototyped.

  19. Prototypes as Platforms for Participation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Horst, Willem

    way to share ideas, collaborate and communicate across functional boundaries within an organization, but on the other hand the (lack of) ownership of prototypes also plays an important role in the politics and power-relations within an organization. The developers of the interactive prototype, e...... prototyping, and develop a sense of ownership over the prototype. This has several benefits for the interaction designer. Since participants learn about the design space and limitations of the prototype, they are able to give specific feedback and input, which the interaction designer can implement. Moreover...

  20. First Rosetta Observations of the Cometary Plasma at Churyumov-Gerasimenko with the Mutual Impedance Probe (RPC-MIP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierre, H.; Lebreton, J. P.; Béghin, C.; Décréau, P.; Eriksson, A. I.; Geiswiller, J.; Grard, R.; Hamelin, M.; Mazelle, C. X.; Randriamboarison, O.; Schmidt, W.; Trotignon, J. G.; Wattieaux, G.; Winterhalter, D.; Aouad, Y.; Lagoutte, D.; Vallières, X.; Carr, C.; Cupido, E.

    2014-12-01

    The ROSETTA spacecraft arrived in the vicinity of the comet in early August. As part of the Rosetta Plasma Consortium (RPC), the Mutual Impedance Probe (RPC-MIP) is designed to measure the bulk plasma properties in the comet environment. MIP is an active RF probe. It consists of two transmitters, which can operate separately as a monopole or coupled as a transmitting dipole, and a receiving dipole. The operating range of MIP is 7 kHz to 3.5 MHz that allows covering the plasma density range expected during the mission from solar wind to deep coma densities. The baseline distance between the transmitter and the receiver is 40-60 cm, which allows probing plasmas with Debye lengths up to 20-25 cm. For longer Debye lengths, MIP uses one of the two Langmuir Probes of the RPC-LAP instrument located at about 4 m from the MIP receiving dipole, which allows probing plasma with Debye lengths up to about 2 m. The MIP receiving dipole (baseline 1 m) can also be used in a passive mode to measure the electrical activity in the comet environment in the same frequency range. In the active mode, MIP measures the coupling complex impedance between the transmitting monopole (or dipole) and the receiving dipole. To model the frequency response of MIP, a surface charge distribution method is used that takes into account the charge distribution induced on the spacecraft structures by the transmitter. The spacecraft surface is approximated by discrete elements smaller in size than the plasma Debye length. In our model, it is assumed that each spacecraft elementary surface carries a uniform charge distribution. The electric field measured by the receiver is the sum of the contributions from the transmitter itself and of all the elementary surfaces that represent the spacecraft. The frequency of the transmitted current is varied in frequency steps. Assuming a transmitted current I(f) of constant amplitude, the potential difference V(f) between the two receivers provides the mutual impedance

  1. OPAL Jet Chamber Prototype

    CERN Multimedia

    OPAL was one of the four experiments installed at the LEP particle accelerator from 1989 - 2000. OPAL's central tracking system consists of (in order of increasing radius) a silicon microvertex detector, a vertex detector, a jet chamber, and z-chambers. All the tracking detectors work by observing the ionization of atoms by charged particles passing by: when the atoms are ionized, electrons are knocked out of their atomic orbitals, and are then able to move freely in the detector. These ionization electrons are detected in the dirfferent parts of the tracking system. This piece is a prototype of the jet chambers

  2. Prototyping Augmented Reality

    CERN Document Server

    Mullen, Tony

    2011-01-01

    Learn to create augmented reality apps using Processing open-source programming language Augmented reality (AR) is used all over, and you may not even realize it. Smartphones overlay data onto live camera views to show homes for sale, restaurants, or historical sites. American football broadcasts use AR to show the invisible first-down line on the field to TV viewers. Nike and Budweiser, among others, have used AR in ads. Now, you can learn to create AR prototypes using 3D data, Processing open-source programming language, and other languages. This unique book is an easy-to-follow guide on how

  3. Internet Banking System Prototype

    CERN Document Server

    Alnaqeib, Rami; Jalab, Hamid A; Zaidan, M A; Hmood, Ali K

    2010-01-01

    Internet Banking System refers to systems that enable bank customers to access accounts and general information on bank products and services through a personal computer or other intelligent device. Internet banking products and services can include detailed account information for corporate customers as well as account summery and transfer money. Ultimately, the products and services obtained through Internet Banking may mirror products and services offered through other bank delivery channels. In this paper, Internet Banking System Prototype has been proposed in order to illustrate the services which is provided by the Bank online services.

  4. DataCollection Prototyping

    CERN Multimedia

    Beck, H.P.

    DataCollection is a subsystem of the Trigger, DAQ & DCS project responsible for the movement of event data from the ROS to the High Level Triggers. This includes data from Regions of Interest (RoIs) for Level 2, building complete events for the Event Filter and finally transferring accepted events to Mass Storage. It also handles passing the LVL1 RoI pointers and the allocation of Level 2 processors and load balancing of Event Building. During the last 18 months DataCollection has developed a common architecture for the hardware and software required. This involved a radical redesign integrating ideas from separate parts of earlier TDAQ work. An important milestone for this work, now achieved, has been to demonstrate this subsystem in the so-called Phase 2A Integrated Prototype. This prototype comprises the various TDAQ hardware and software components (ROSs, LVL2, etc.) under the control of the TDAQ Online software. The basic functionality has been demonstrated on small testbeds (~8-10 processing nodes)...

  5. Performance of a resistive plate chamber equipped with a new prototype of amplified front-end electronics

    CERN Document Server

    Marchisone, Massimiliano

    2016-01-01

    ALICE is the LHC experiment dedicated to the study of heavy-ion collisions. At forward rapidity a muon spectrometer detects muons from low mass mesons, quarkonia, open heavy-flavor hadrons as well as weak bosons. A muon selection based on transverse momentum is made by a trigger system composed of 72 resistive plate chambers (RPCs). For the LHC Run 1 and the ongoing Run 2 the RPCs have been equipped with a non-amplified FEE called ADULT. However, in view of an increase in luminosity expected for Run 3 (2021-2023) the possibility to use an amplified FEE has been explored in order to improve the counting rate limitation and to prevent the aging of the detector, by reducing the charge per hit. A prototype of this new electronics (FEERIC) has been developed and tested first with cosmic rays before equipping one RPC in the ALICE cavern with it. In this talk the most important performance indicators - efficiency, dark current, dark rate, cluster size and total charge - of an RPC equipped with this new FEE will be r...

  6. Prototyping Design and Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Jørgen; Kramp, Gunnar; Schiønning Mortensen, Bo

    2011-01-01

    It is increasingly common that design firms go from working with their client’s development department on specific products, to discussing strategic issues directly with the company’s management. In this new territory designers face a number of challenges. Designers are traditionally trained to...... collaboration and interdisciplinary development. Based on the thinking behind a prototype presentation the paper describes a specific case where the model is used in collaboration between a team of designers and the management of a medium-sized company....... paper suggests a model, ‘The Strategic Design Matrix,’ to bridge the gap between the design approach and the management approach to strategic development processes. Through common references, a common language and a common basis understanding, the model aims to create a communicative platform for...

  7. Digital Prototyping of Milk Products

    OpenAIRE

    Frisvad, Jeppe Revall; Nielsen, Otto Højager Attermann; Skytte, Jacob Lercke; Misztal, Marek Krzysztof; Dahl, Anders Lindbjerg

    2012-01-01

    Digital prototyping has revolutionised the automotive industry by providing designers and engineers with digital models of their products that enable virtual product design, visualisation, and simulation [1]. However, digital prototyping does not exist in the food industry as the colloidal nature of most foods make them much more challenging to visualise and simulate realistically. We present models and methods that take steps toward digital prototyping of milk products and other food colloid...

  8. Mobile prototyping with Axure 7

    CERN Document Server

    Hacker, Will

    2013-01-01

    This book is a step-by-step tutorial which includes hands-on examples and downloadable Axure files to get you started with mobile prototyping immediately. You will learn how to develop an application from scratch, and will be guided through each and every step.If you are a mobile-centric developer/designer, or someone who would like to take their Axure prototyping skills to the next level and start designing and testing mobile prototypes, this book is ideal for you. You should be familiar with prototyping and Axure specifically, before you read this book.

  9. Gigabit optical link test system for RPC muon trigger in the CMS experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Pozniak, Krzysztof T; Kierzkowski, K; Kudla, I M; Pietrusinski, M; Ptak, M; Romaniuk, Ryszard; Ungaro, D; Wrochna, G

    2002-01-01

    High-energy experiments like Atlas, Alice, CMS or LHCb at the LHC accelerator at CERN will be performed in very harsh conditions for electronic equipment. High radiation level in the experimental halls causes that commonly available electronic devices do not work properly. A specialized optical transmitter - GOL (gigabit optical link) has been designed at CERN to meet the radiation environment requirements. The design goal was to supply device resistant to high radiation, fast, and being able to transmit data through optical links. Transmitter was designed considering two important characteristics of its work environment: high radiation level and gigabit transmission speed. Proper internal structure of GOL chip allows to minimize single event upsets (SEU) caused by ionizing radiation. Unfortunately, the design does not eliminate SEU completely. This paper presents testing system for the GOL. Its main purpose is testing new prototypes of optical fibre gigabit transmission systems using GOL transmitter and comm...

  10. Measurement of integrated flux of cosmic ray muons at sea level using the INO-ICAL prototype detector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pal, S.; Acharya, B.S.; Majumder, G.; Mondal, N.K.; Samuel, D.; Satyanarayana, B., E-mail: sumanta@tifr.res.in, E-mail: acharya@tifr.res.in, E-mail: gobinda@tifr.res.in, E-mail: nkm@tifr.res.in, E-mail: samuel@tifr.res.in, E-mail: bsn@tifr.res.in [Department of High Energy Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400005 (India)

    2012-07-01

    The India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) collaboration is planning to set-up a magnetized Iron-CALorimeter (ICAL) to study atmospheric neutrino oscillations with precise measurements of oscillations parameters. The ICAL uses 50 kton iron as target mass and about 28800 Resistive Plate Chambers (RPC) of 2 m × 2 m in area as active detector elements. As part of its R and D program, a prototype detector stack comprising 12 layers of RPCs of 1 m × 1 m in area has been set-up at Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) to study the detector parameters using cosmic ray muons. We present here a study of muon flux measurement at sea level and lower latitude. (Site latitude: 18°54'N, longitude: 72°48'E.)

  11. Measurement of integrated flux of cosmic ray muons at sea level using the INO-ICAL prototype detector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) collaboration is planning to set-up a magnetized Iron-CALorimeter (ICAL) to study atmospheric neutrino oscillations with precise measurements of oscillations parameters. The ICAL uses 50 kton iron as target mass and about 28800 Resistive Plate Chambers (RPC) of 2 m × 2 m in area as active detector elements. As part of its R and D program, a prototype detector stack comprising 12 layers of RPCs of 1 m × 1 m in area has been set-up at Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) to study the detector parameters using cosmic ray muons. We present here a study of muon flux measurement at sea level and lower latitude. (Site latitude: 18°54'N, longitude: 72°48'E.)

  12. Measurement of integrated flux of cosmic ray muons at sea level using the INO-ICAL prototype detector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pal, S.; Acharya, B. S.; Majumder, G.; Mondal, N. K.; Samuel, D.; Satyanarayana, B.

    2012-07-01

    The India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) collaboration is planning to set-up a magnetized Iron-CALorimeter (ICAL) to study atmospheric neutrino oscillations with precise measurements of oscillations parameters. The ICAL uses 50 kton iron as target mass and about 28800 Resistive Plate Chambers (RPC) of 2 m × 2 m in area as active detector elements. As part of its R&D program, a prototype detector stack comprising 12 layers of RPCs of 1 m × 1 m in area has been set-up at Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) to study the detector parameters using cosmic ray muons. We present here a study of muon flux measurement at sea level and lower latitude. (Site latitude: 18°54'N, longitude: 72°48'E.)

  13. UA1 prototype detector

    CERN Multimedia

    1980-01-01

    Prototype of UA1 central detector inside a plexi tube. The UA1 central detector was crucial to understanding the complex topology of proton-antiproton events. It played a most important role in identifying a handful of Ws and Zs among billions of collisions. The detector was a 6-chamber cylindrical assembly 5.8 m long and 2.3 m in diameter, the largest imaging drift chamber of its day. It recorded the tracks of charged particles curving in a 0.7 Tesla magnetic field, measuring their momentum, the sign of their electric charge and their rate of energy loss (dE/dx). Atoms in the argon-ethane gas mixture filling the chambers were ionised by the passage of charged particles. The electrons which were released drifted along an electric field shaped by field wires and were collected on sense wires. The geometrical arrangement of the 17000 field wires and 6125 sense wires allowed a spectacular 3-D interactive display of reconstructed physics events to be produced.

  14. Window prototypes during the project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, Jørgen Munthe

    1996-01-01

    The conditions for the PASSYS test and the results of the measurements on one of the aerogel window prototypes are described.......The conditions for the PASSYS test and the results of the measurements on one of the aerogel window prototypes are described....

  15. Reactive Powder Concrete advantages and applications situation%RPC 混凝土的优越性能和应用现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方磊

    2015-01-01

    介绍了活性粉末混凝土的力学性能,以某一景区简支人行梁桥为例,通过计算分析得出以下结论:RPC混凝土的力学性能远远高于高强混凝土,使用RPC混凝土桥梁具有足够的安全储备。%This paper introduced the mechanical properties of Reactive Powder Concrete,taking a scenic area simply supported humanoid girder bridge for example,through the calculation and analysis,obtained the following conclusions:the mechanical properties of RPC was higher than high strength concrete,using RPC concrete bridges had enough safety storage.

  16. Prototype for a generic thin-client remote analysis environment for CMS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The multi-tiered architecture of the highly-distributed CMS computing systems necessitates a flexible data distribution and analysis environment. The authors describe a prototype analysis environment which functions efficiently over wide area networks using a server installed at the Caltech/UCSD Tier 2 prototype to analyze CMS data stored at various locations using a thin client. The analysis environment is based on existing HEP (Anaphe) and CMS (CARF, ORCA, IGUANA) software technology on the server accessed from a variety of clients. A Java Analysis Studio (JAS, from SLAC) plug-in is being developed as a reference client. The server is operated as a 'black box' on the proto-Tier2 system. ORCA objectivity databases (e.g. an existing large CMS Muon sample) are hosted on the master and slave nodes, and remote clients can request processing of queries across the server nodes, and get the histogram results returned and rendered in the client. The server is implemented using pure C++, and use XML-RPC as a language-neutral transport. This has several benefits, including much better scalability, better integration with CARF-ORCA, and importantly, makes the work directly useful to other non-Java general-purpose analysis and presentation tools such as Hippodraw, Lizard, or ROOT

  17. Application Test of RPC Concrete in Railway Prestressed T-beam%RPC混凝土在铁路预应力T形梁中的应用试验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹万会; 高淑平

    2009-01-01

    In Luanbo bridge project of Qiancao railway, muhi-pored prestressed simple T-beam made of reactive powder concrete was used for the first time as a method to test the mechanical properties and monitor the trainlrunning, in which one pore (two pieces) is for mechanical property test, and five pores (ten pieces) for train-running monitoring The meth- od achieved good effects. In this paper, production experience was got by test and making of RPC concrete beam, and the feasibilities and prospects of the appplication of RPC concrete in railway ridge were proved by mechanical property teat.%我国在迁曹铁路滦柏干渠大桥工程中,首次采用活性粉末混凝土(Reactive Powder Concrete,RPC)制作多孔预应力简支T形梁进行力学性能测试和行车监测,其中1孔(2片)进行了力学性能测试,5孔(10片)进行了行车监测,取得了良好的效果.通过RPC混凝土桥梁的制作和试验,总结了部分制作经验,通过力学性能测度,证明了RPC混凝土在铁路桥梁应用中的可行性和良好前景.

  18. Two-point observations of low-frequency waves at 67P/Churymov-Gerasimenko: Comparison of RPC-MAG and ROMAP

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richter, Ingo; Auster, Hans-Ulrich; Apáthy, István; Berghofer, Gerhard; Carr, Chris; Cupido, Emanuele; Fornacon, Karl-Heinz; Heinisch, Philip; Koenders, Christoph; Remizov, Anatoly; Eriksson, Anders; Lebreton, Jean-Pierre; Vallat, Claire; Glassmeier, Karl-Heinz

    2015-04-01

    The European Space Agency's spacecraft ROSETTA has reached its final destination, the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. ROSETTA is equipped with two tri-axial fluxgate magnetometers; one is part of RPC - the ROSETTA Plasma Consortium - located at a boom on the orbiter and named RPC-MAG. The other one is part of the lander plasma monitor ROMAP and located on a boom of the lander PHILAE. Since ROSETTA has reached a distance of 100 km to the comet, low frequency oscillations of the magnetic field with frequencies of about 50 mHz were measured with different amplitudes at different distances. After the detachment of PHILAE from the ROSETTA orbiter on November 12, 2014 two-point measurements at separate locations became possible and were used in order to reveal detailed properties of the observed waves. In particular, estimation of the wavelength of these comet generated waves are possible as well as the correlation length can be determined using RPC-MAG and ROMAP magnetometer measurements at different locations at the same time. Thereby further insight on the mode of the excited waves is received.

  19. Attitude reconstruction of ROSETTA's Lander PHILAE using two-point magnetic field observations by ROMAP and RPC-MAG

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heinisch, Philip; Auster, Hans-Ulrich; Richter, Ingo; Hercik, David; Jurado, Eric; Garmier, Romain; Güttler, Carsten; Glassmeier, Karl-Heinz

    2016-08-01

    As part of the European Space Agency's ROSETTA Mission the Lander PHILAE touched down on comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko on November 12, 2014. The magnetic field has been measured onboard the orbiter and the lander. The orbiter's tri-axial fluxgate magnetometer RPC-MAG is one of five sensors of the ROSETTA Plasma Consortium. The lander is also equipped with a tri-axial fluxgate magnetometer as part of the ROSETTA Lander Magnetometer and Plasma-Monitor package (ROMAP). This unique setup makes a two point measurement between the two spacecrafts in a relatively small distance of less than 50 km possible. Both magnetometers were switched on during the entire descent, the initial touchdown, the bouncing between the touchdowns and after the final touchdown. We describe a method for attitude determination by correlating magnetic low-frequency waves, which was tested under different conditions and finally used to reconstruct PHILAE's attitude during descent and after landing. In these cases the attitude could be determined with an accuracy of better than ± 5 °. These results were essential not only for PHILAE operations planning but also for the analysis of the obtained scientific data, because nominal sources for this information, like solar panel currents and camera pictures could not provide sufficient information due to the unexpected landing position.

  20. Learning Axure RP interactive prototypes

    CERN Document Server

    Krahenbuhl, John Henry

    2015-01-01

    If you are a user experience professional, designer, information architect, or business analyst who wants to gain interactive prototyping skills with Axure, then this book is ideal for you. Some familiarity with Axure is preferred but not essential.

  1. Architectural Prototyping in Industrial Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Henrik Bærbak; Hansen, Klaus Marius

    2008-01-01

    Architectural prototyping is the process of using executable code to investigate stakeholders’ software architecture concerns with respect to a system under development. Previous work has established this as a useful and cost-effective way of exploration and learning of the design space of a system......, in addressing issues regarding quality attributes, in addressing architectural risks, and in addressing the problem of knowledge transfer and conformance. Little work has been reported so far on the actual industrial use of architectural prototyping. In this paper, we report from an ethnographical...... study and focus group involving architects from four companies in which we have focused on architectural prototypes. Our findings conclude that architectural prototypes play an important role in resolving problems experimentally, but less so in exploring alternative solutions. Furthermore, architectural...

  2. Prototype design for autonomous vehicle

    OpenAIRE

    Lehander, Jacob; Persson, Joel

    2015-01-01

    This thesis describes the mechanical design of a prototype vehicle developed for a company located in California. The project was based on an earlier vehicle located at KTH, Transport Labs, and investigated if the existing concept for the vehicle would work as a concept for an autonomous prototype, with focus on component layout and increased forces. The design of the vehicle is based on a concept with a carbon fiber bottom plate, two separate suspension modules with electric hub motors and s...

  3. Economical Investigation of Rapid Prototyping

    OpenAIRE

    Péter Ficzere; Lajos Borbás; Ádám Török

    2013-01-01

    Usage of rapid prototyping gain developers, designers and engineers more time and consume less money and save more resources. In this article authors investigated the economic possibilities of rapid prototyping. In concurrent engineering, different tasks are tackled at the same time, and not necessarily in the usual order. Concurrent engineering is a method by which several teams within an organization work simultaneously to develop new products and allows more flexible approach. The concurre...

  4. Fast-prototyping of VLSI

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fast-prototyping will be a reality in the very near future if both straightforward design methods and fast manufacturing facilities are available. This book focuses, first, on the motivation for fast-prototyping. Economic aspects and market considerations are analysed by European and Japanese companies. In the second chapter, new design methods are identified, mainly for full custom circuits. Of course, silicon compilers play a key role and the introduction of artificial intelligence techniques sheds a new light on the subject. At present, fast-prototyping on gate arrays or on standard cells is the most conventional technique and the third chapter updates the state-of-the art in this area. The fourth chapter concentrates specifically on the e-beam direct-writing for submicron IC technologies. In the fifth chapter, a strategic point in fast-prototyping, namely the test problem is addressed. The design for testability and the interface to the test equipment are mandatory to fulfill the test requirement for fast-prototyping. Finally, the last chapter deals with the subject of education when many people complain about the lack of use of fast-prototyping in higher education for VLSI

  5. Science with the ASTRI prototype

    CERN Document Server

    ,

    2013-01-01

    ASTRI (Astrofisica a Specchi con Tecnologia Replicante Italiana) is a "Flagship Project" financed by the Italian Ministry of Instruction, University and Research and led by the Italian National Institute of Astrophysics. It represents the Italian proposal for the development of the Small Size Telescope system of the Cherenkov Telescope Array, the next generation observatory for Very High Energy gamma-rays (20 GeV - 100 TeV). The ASTRI end-to-end prototype will be installed at Serra La Nave (Catania, Italy) and it will see the first light at the beginning of 2014. We describe the expected performance of the prototype on few selected test cases of the northern emisphere. The aim of the prototype is to probe the technological solutions and the nominal performance of the various telescope's subsystems.

  6. Prototypical Rod Consolidation Demonstration Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of Phase III of the Prototypical Rod Consolidation Demonstration Project (PRCDP) was to procure, fabricate, assemble, and test the Prototypical Rod Consolidation System as described in the NUS Phase II Final Design Report. This effort required providing the materials, components, and fabricated parts which makes up all of the system equipment. In addition, it included the assembly, installation, and setup of this equipment at the Cold Test Facility. During the Phase III effort the system was tested on a component, subsystem, and system level. Volume IV provides the Operating and Maintenance Manual for the Prototypical Rod Consolidation System that was installed at the Cold Test Facility. This document, Book 5 of Volume IV, discusses: Corrective maintenance procedures; Calibration procedures; Surveillance procedures; Equipment changeover procedures; Decontamination procedures; Recovery procedures; and Cable schedule

  7. A prototype analysis of forgiveness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kearns, Jill N; Fincham, Frank D

    2004-07-01

    Many definitions of forgiveness currently exist in the literature. The current research adds to this discussion by utilizing a prototype approach to examine lay conceptions of forgiveness. A prototype approach involves categorizing objects or events in terms of their similarity to a good example, whereas a classical approach requires that there are essential elements that must be present. In Study 1, participants listed the features of forgiveness. Study 2 obtained centrality ratings for these features. In Studies 3 and 4, central features were found to be more salient in memory than peripheral features. Study 5 showed that feature centrality influenced participants' ratings of victims involved in hypothetical transgressions. Thus, the two criteria for demonstrating prototype structure (that participants find it meaningful to judge features in terms of their centrality and that centrality affects cognition) were met. PMID:15200691

  8. Towards an Operational Framework for Architectural Prototyping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Henrik Bærbak

    2005-01-01

    We use a case study in architectural prototyping as input for presenting a first, tentative, framework describing key concepts and their relationships in architectural prototyping processes.......We use a case study in architectural prototyping as input for presenting a first, tentative, framework describing key concepts and their relationships in architectural prototyping processes....

  9. Axure RP 6 Prototyping Essentials

    CERN Document Server

    Schwartz, Ezra

    2012-01-01

    Axure RP 6 Prototyping Essentials is a detailed, practical primer on the leading rapid prototyping tool. Short on jargon and high on concepts, real-life scenarios and step-by-step guidance through hands-on examples, this book will show you how to integrate Axure into your UX workflow. This book is written for UX practitioners, business analysts, product managers, and anyone else who is involved in UX projects. The book assumes that you have no or very little familiarity with Axure. It will help you if you are evaluating the tool for an upcoming project or are required to quickly get up to spee

  10. Rapid prototyping and stereolithography in dentistry

    OpenAIRE

    Sanjna Nayar; Bhuminathan, S.; Wasim Manzoor Bhat

    2015-01-01

    The word rapid prototyping (RP) was first used in mechanical engineering field in the early 1980s to describe the act of producing a prototype, a unique product, the first product, or a reference model. In the past, prototypes were handmade by sculpting or casting, and their fabrication demanded a long time. Any and every prototype should undergo evaluation, correction of defects, and approval before the beginning of its mass or large scale production. Prototypes may also be used for specific...

  11. Prototyping Adaptive Online Learning Courses

    OpenAIRE

    Geleverya, Tim; Malinovskaya, Olga; Gavrilova, Tatiana; Golenkov, Vladimir

    2007-01-01

    This article describes the process of prototyping adaptive online learning using the authoring tool for developers, which is based on ontologies. The article also gives a brief overview of contemporary situation and describes modern trends of evolution e-learning courses and present standards in this area. It also describes architecture of system VITA II.

  12. GM Prototype Moon Buggy Wheel

    Science.gov (United States)

    1967-01-01

    Under the direction of Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) was designed to allow Apollo astronauts a greater range of mobility during lunar exploration missions. During the development process, LRV prototype wheels underwent soil tests in building 4481 at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Pictured is the GM wheel design.

  13. Rapid Prototyping Enters Mainstream Manufacturing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winek, Gary

    1996-01-01

    Explains rapid prototyping, a process that uses computer-assisted design files to create a three-dimensional object automatically, speeding the industrial design process. Five commercially available systems and two emerging types--the 3-D printing process and repetitive masking and depositing--are described. (SK)

  14. EUSO-TA prototype telescope

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bisconti, Francesca

    2016-07-01

    EUSO-TA is one of the prototypes developed for the JEM-EUSO project, a space-based large field-of-view telescope to observe the fluorescence light emitted by cosmic ray air showers in the atmosphere. EUSO-TA is a ground-based prototype located at the Telescope Array (TA) site in Utah, USA, where an Electron Light Source and a Central Laser Facility are installed. The purpose of the EUSO-TA project is to calibrate the prototype with the TA fluorescence detector in presence of well-known light sources and cosmic ray air showers. In 2015, the detector started the first measurements and tests using the mentioned light sources have been performed successfully. A first cosmic ray candidate has been observed, as well as stars of different magnitude and color index. Since Silicon Photo-Multipliers (SiPMs) are very promising for fluorescence telescopes of next generation, they are under consideration for the realization of a new prototype of EUSO Photo Detector Module (PDM). The response of this sensor type is under investigation through simulations and laboratory experimentation.

  15. Prototype of calorimetric flow microsensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sazhin, Oleg

    2012-11-01

    An analytical model of calorimetric flow sensor has been developed. The results of the application of this model are utilized to develop a calorimetric flow microsensor with optimal functional characteristics. The technology to manufacture the microsensor is described. A prototype of the microsensor suitable to be used in the mass air flow meter has been designed. The basic characteristics of the microsensor are presented.

  16. Encapsulation of polymer photovoltaic prototypes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krebs, Frederik C

    2006-01-01

    A simple and efficient method for the encapsulation of polymer and organic photovoltaic prototypes is presented. The method employs device preparation on glass substrates with subsequent sealing using glass fiber reinforced thermosetting epoxy (prepreg) against a back plate. The method allows for...

  17. Simulation and prototyping of 2 m long resistive plate chambers for detection of fast neutrons and multi-neutron event identification

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elekes, Z., E-mail: z.elekes@hzdr.de [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany); Aumann, T. [GSI Helmholtzzentrumfür Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt (Germany); Technische Universität Darmstadt, Darmstadt (Germany); Bemmerer, D. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany); Boretzky, K. [GSI Helmholtzzentrumfür Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt (Germany); Caesar, C. [GSI Helmholtzzentrumfür Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt (Germany); Technische Universität Darmstadt, Darmstadt (Germany); Cowan, T.C. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany); Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden (Germany); Hehner, J.; Heil, M. [GSI Helmholtzzentrumfür Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt (Germany); Kempe, M. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany); Rossi, D. [GSI Helmholtzzentrumfür Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt (Germany); Röder, M. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany); Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden (Germany); Simon, H. [GSI Helmholtzzentrumfür Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt (Germany); Sobiella, M.; Stach, D. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany); Reinhardt, T. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany); Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden (Germany); Wagner, A.; Yakorev, D. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany); Zilges, A. [Universität zu Köln, Köln (Germany); Zuber, K. [Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden (Germany)

    2013-02-11

    Resistive plate chamber (RPC) prototypes of 2 m length were simulated and built. The experimental tests using a 31 MeV electron beam, discussed in details, showed an efficiency higher than 90% and an excellent time resolution of around σ=100ps. Furthermore, comprehensive simulations were performed by GEANT4 toolkit in order to study the possible use of these RPCs for fast neutron (200 MeV–1 GeV) detection and multi-neutron event identification. The validation of simulation parameters was carried out via a comparison to experimental data. A possible setup for invariant mass spectroscopy of multi-neutron emission is presented and the characteristics are discussed. The results show that the setup has a high detection efficiency. Its capability of determining the momentum of the outgoing neutrons and reconstructing the relative energy between the fragments from nuclear reactions is demonstrated for different scenarios.

  18. Simulation and prototyping of 2 m long resistive plate chambers for detection of fast neutrons and multi-neutron event identification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Resistive plate chamber (RPC) prototypes of 2 m length were simulated and built. The experimental tests using a 31 MeV electron beam, discussed in details, showed an efficiency higher than 90% and an excellent time resolution of around σ=100ps. Furthermore, comprehensive simulations were performed by GEANT4 toolkit in order to study the possible use of these RPCs for fast neutron (200 MeV–1 GeV) detection and multi-neutron event identification. The validation of simulation parameters was carried out via a comparison to experimental data. A possible setup for invariant mass spectroscopy of multi-neutron emission is presented and the characteristics are discussed. The results show that the setup has a high detection efficiency. Its capability of determining the momentum of the outgoing neutrons and reconstructing the relative energy between the fragments from nuclear reactions is demonstrated for different scenarios.

  19. Construction and Performance of Large-Area Triple-GEM Prototypes for Future Upgrades of the CMS Forward Muon System

    CERN Document Server

    Tytgat, M; Zaganidis, N.; Ban, Y.; Cai, J.; Teng, H.; Mohapatra, A.; Moulik, T.; Abbrescia, M.; Colaleo, A.; de Robertis, G.; Loddo, F.; Maggi, M.; Nuzzo, S.; Tupputi, S.A.; Benussi, L.; Bianco, S.; Colafranceschi, S.; Piccolo, D.; Raffone, G.; Saviano, G.; Bagliesi, M.G.; Cecchi, R.; Magazzu, G.; Oliveri, E.; Turini, N.; Fruboes, T.; Abbaneo, D.; Armagnaud, C.; Aspell, P.; Bally, S.; Berzano, U.; Bos, J.; Bunkowski, K.; Chatelain, J.P.; Christiansen, J.; Conde Garcia, A.; David, E.; De Oliveira, R.; Duarte Pinto, S.; Ferry, S.; Formenti, F.; Franconi, L.; Marchioro, A.; Mehta, K.; Merlin, J.; Nemallapudi, M.V.; Postema, H.; Rodrigues, A.; Ropelewski, L.; Sharma, A.; Smilkjovic, N.; Villa, M.; Zientek, M.; Gutierrez, A.; Karchin, P.E.; Gnanvo, K.; Hohlmann, M.; Staib, M.J.

    2011-01-01

    At present, part of the forward RPC muon system of the CMS detector at the CERN LHC remains uninstrumented in the high-\\eta region. An international collaboration is investigating the possibility of covering the 1.6 < |\\eta| < 2.4 region of the muon endcaps with large-area triple-GEM detectors. Given their good spatial resolution, high rate capability, and radiation hardness, these micro-pattern gas detectors are an appealing option for simultaneously enhancing muon tracking and triggering capabilities in a future upgrade of the CMS detector. A general overview of this feasibility study will be presented. The design and construction of small (10\\times10 cm2) and full-size trapezoidal (1\\times0.5 m2) triple-GEM prototypes will be described. During detector assembly, different techniques for stretching the GEM foils were tested. Results from measurements with x-rays and from test beam campaigns at the CERN SPS will be shown for the small and large prototypes. Preliminary simulation studies on the expected...

  20. Customer-experienced rapid prototyping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Lijuan; Zhang, Fu; Li, Anbo

    2008-12-01

    In order to describe accurately and comprehend quickly the perfect GIS requirements, this article will integrate the ideas of QFD (Quality Function Deployment) and UML (Unified Modeling Language), and analyze the deficiency of prototype development model, and will propose the idea of the Customer-Experienced Rapid Prototyping (CE-RP) and describe in detail the process and framework of the CE-RP, from the angle of the characteristics of Modern-GIS. The CE-RP is mainly composed of Customer Tool-Sets (CTS), Developer Tool-Sets (DTS) and Barrier-Free Semantic Interpreter (BF-SI) and performed by two roles of customer and developer. The main purpose of the CE-RP is to produce the unified and authorized requirements data models between customer and software developer.

  1. Prototyping the PANDA Barrel DIRC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schwarz, C., E-mail: C.Schwarz@gsi.de [GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Darmstadt (Germany); Kalicy, G.; Dzhygadlo, R.; Gerhardt, A.; Götzen, K.; Hohler, R.; Kumawat, H.; Lehmann, D.; Lewandowski, B.; Patsyuk, M.; Peters, K.; Schepers, G.; Schmitt, L.; Schwiening, J.; Traxler, M.; Zühlsdorf, M. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Darmstadt (Germany); Dodokhov, V.Kh. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Britting, A.; Eyrich, W.; Lehmann, A. [Friedrich Alexander-University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen (Germany); and others

    2014-12-01

    The design of the Barrel DIRC detector for the future PANDA experiment at FAIR contains several important improvements compared to the successful BABAR DIRC, such as focusing and fast timing. To test those improvements as well as other design options a prototype was build and successfully tested in 2012 with particle beams at CERN. The prototype comprises a radiator bar, focusing lens, mirror, and a prism shaped expansion volume made of synthetic fused silica. An array of micro-channel plate photomultiplier tubes measures the location and arrival time of the Cherenkov photons with sub-nanosecond resolution. The development of a fast reconstruction algorithm allowed to tune construction details of the detector setup with test beam data and Monte-Carlo simulations.

  2. Prototypical Rod Consolidation Demonstration Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of Phase 3 of the Prototypical Rod consolidation Demonstration Project (PRCDP) was to procure, fabricate, assemble, and test the Prototypical Rod consolidation System as described in the NUS Phase 2 Final Design Report. This effort required providing the materials, components, and fabricated parts which makes up all of the system equipment. In addition, it included the assembly, installation, and setup of this equipment at the Cold Test Facility. During the Phase 3 effort the system was tested on a component, subsystem, and system level. This volume 1, discusses the PRCDP Phase 3 Test Program that was conducted by the HALLIBURTON NUS Environmental Corporation under contract AC07-86ID12651 with the United States Department of Energy. This document, Volume 1, Book 2 discusses the following topics: Fuel Rod Extraction System Test Results and Analysis Reports and Clamping Table Test Results and Analysis Reports

  3. Prototypical Rod Construction Demonstration Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of Phase 3 of the Prototypical Rod consolidation Demonstration Project (PRCDP) was to procure, fabricate, assemble, and test the Prototypical Rod consolidation System as described in the NUS Phase 2 Final Design Report. This effort required providing the materials, components, and fabricated parts which makes up all of the system equipment. In addition, it included the assembly, installation, and setup of this equipment at the Cold Test Facility. During the Phase 3 effort the system was tested on a component, subsystem, and system level. This volume 1, discusses the PRCDP Phase 3 Test Program that was conducted by the HALLIBURTON NUS Environmental Corporation under contract AC07-86ID12651 with the United States Department of Energy. This document, Volume 1, Book 3 discusses the following topics: Downender Test Results and Analysis Report; NFBC Canister Upender Test Results and Analysis Report; Fuel Assembly Handling Fixture Test Results and Analysis Report; and Fuel Canister Upender Test Results and Analysis Report

  4. Prototypical Rod Consolidation Demonstration Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of Phase 3 of the Prototypical Rod consolidation Demonstration Project (PRCDP) was to procure, fabricate, assemble, and test the Prototypical Rod consolidation System as described in the NUS Phase 2 Final Design Report. This effort required providing the materials, components, and fabricated parts which makes up all of the system equipment. In addition, it included the assembly, installation, and setup of this equipment at the Cold Test Facility. During the Phase 3 effort the system was tested on a component, subsystem, and system level. This volume 1, discusses the PRCDP Phase 3 Test Program that was conducted by the HALLIBURTON NUS Environmental Corporation under contract AC07-86ID12651 with the United States Department of Energy. This document, Volume 1, Book 1 discusses the following topics: the background of the project; test program description; summary of tests and test results; problem evaluation; functional requirements confirmation; recommendations; and completed test documentation for tests performed in Phase 3

  5. Participatory prototyping for future cities

    OpenAIRE

    Van Waart, P.; Mulder, I.J.; de Bont, C.

    2015-01-01

    Emerging pervasive technologies such as the Internet of Things and Open Data will have severe impact on the experience, interactions and wellbeing of citizens in future smart cities. Local governments are concerned how to engage and embed citizens in the process of smart city development because without them it is difficult for governments and industrial technology providers to understand what future city is desired. We explore how prototyping methods can be used in a multi-helix approach tow...

  6. Rapid prototyping of robotic systems

    OpenAIRE

    Smuda, William James.

    2007-01-01

    This effort describes a systems engineering approach to the design and implementation of software for prototyping robotic systems. Developing networked robotic systems of diverse physical assets is a continuing challenge to developers. Problems often multiply when adding new hardware/software artifacts or when reconfiguring existing systems. This work describes a method to create model-based, graphical domain-specific languages. Domain-specific languages use terms understandable to domain...

  7. Prototyping DSU techniques using Python

    OpenAIRE

    Martinez, Sébastien; DAGNAT, Fabien; Buisson, Jérémy

    2013-01-01

    International audience This paper presents PyMoult, a Python library implementing various dynamic software update (DSU) mechanisms. This library aims to provide a prototyping platform for experimenting with DSU and to implement a vast choice of update mechanisms while allowing their combination and customization. We selected different update mechanisms from the literature and implemented them in PyMoult.This paper focuses on how we implemented these mechanisms and discusses the cost of imp...

  8. Results from the NEXT prototypes

    CERN Document Server

    Oliveira, C A B

    2013-01-01

    NEXT-100 is an electroluminescent high pressure Time Projection Chamber currently under construction. It will search for the neutrino-less double beta decay in 136Xe at the Canfranc Underground Laboratory. NEXT-100 aims to achieve nearly intrinsic energy resolution and to highly suppress background events by taking advantage of the unique properties of xenon in the gaseous phase as the detection medium. In order to prove the principle of operation and to study which are the best operational conditions, two prototypes were constructed: NEXT-DEMO and NEXT-DBDM. In this paper we present the latest results from both prototypes. We report the improvement in terms of light collection (?~3x?) achieved by coating the walls of NEXT-DEMO with tetraphenyl butadiene (TPB), the outstanding energy resolution of 1 % (Full Width Half Maximum) from NEXT-DBDM as well as the tracking capabilities of this prototype (2.1 mm RMS error for point-like depositions) achieved by using a square array of 8x8 SiPMs.

  9. Results from the NEXT prototypes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, C. A. B.; NEXT Collaboration

    2013-10-01

    NEXT-100 is an electroluminescent high pressure Time Projection Chamber currently under construction. It will search for the neutrino-less double beta decay in 136Xe at the Canfranc Underground Laboratory. NEXT-100 aims to achieve nearly intrinsic energy resolution and to highly suppress background events by taking advantage of the unique properties of xenon in the gaseous phase as the detection medium. In order to prove the principle of operation and to study which are the best operational conditions, two prototypes were constructed: NEXT-DEMO and NEXT-DBDM. In this paper we present the latest results from both prototypes. We report the improvement in terms of light collection (~ 3×) achieved by coating the walls of NEXT-DEMO with tetraphenyl butadiene (TPB), the outstanding energy resolution of 1 % (Full Width Half Maximum) from NEXT-DBDM as well as the tracking capabilities of this prototype (2.1 mm RMS error for point-like depositions) achieved by using a square array of 8 × 8 SiPMs.

  10. Prototyping optimization in the web application development

    OpenAIRE

    Andrejak, Luka

    2016-01-01

    When developing web applications we often use prototyping. Prototyping allows us to involve end users of an application in early stages of development process, which can have positive effects on process itself. The correct interpretation of user feedback can avoid potential problems during development. The problem that often occurs in practice, are too simple prototypes that do not provide good simulation of the final application. One of the main principles of prototyping is rapid implementat...

  11. MUON DETECTORS: RPC

    CERN Multimedia

    Giuseppe Iaselli

    Major interventions have been completed on the plus-side endcap. Two faulty chambers have been replaced, the gas circuit for six sectors has been modified from serial to parallel, the leaking cooling circuits have been fixed, and a few high voltage connectors have been replaced. The minus-side endcap has been fully commissioned and the link board electronics put into operation. A preliminary attempt to synchronize the minus endcap has also been attempted during the global run data taking. Some additional improvement of the grounding connections has been done on the W+2/W-2 barrel wheels. A preliminary observation of the monitoring data shows this has had a positive effect on the noise level. Significant improvement in our understanding of the CCR ring instabilities has been achieved. Additional filters will be installed on the cables to protect against noise pick-up. The implementation of the TTU technical trigger was completed and the system was debugged. The TTU now has to be integrated into the overal...

  12. Results from the FDIRC prototype

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present results from a novel Cherenkov imaging detector called the Focusing DIRC (FDIRC). This detector was designed as a prototype of the particle identification system for the SuperB experiment, and comprises 1/12 of the SuperB barrel azimuthal coverage with partial electronics implementation. The prototype was tested in the SLAC Cosmic Ray Telescope (CRT) which provides 3-D muon tracking with an angular resolution of ∼1.5 mrad, track position resolution of 5–6 mm, start time resolution of 70 ps, and a muon low-energy cutoff of ∼2 GeV provided by an iron range stack. The quartz focusing photon camera couples to a full-size BaBar DIRC bar box and is read out by 12 Hamamatsu H8500 MaPMTs providing 768 pixels. We used IRS2 waveform digitizing electronics to read out the MaPMTs. We present several results from our on-going development activities that demonstrate that the new optics design works very well, including: (a) single photon Cherenkov angle resolutions with and without chromatic corrections, (b) S/N ratio between the Cherenkov peak and background, which consists primarily of ambiguities in possible photon paths to a given pixel, (c) dTOP=TOPmeasured–TOPexpected resolutions, and (d) performance of the detector in the presence of high-rate backgrounds. We also describe data analysis methods and point out limits of the present performance. - Highlights: • We present results from a novel Cherenkov imaging detector called the Focusing DIRC (FDIRC). • The prototype was tested in the SLAC Cosmic Ray Telescope (CRT) which provides 3-D muon tracking. • We present several results from our on-going development activities that demonstrate that new optics design works very well. • We describe data analysis methods and point out limits of the present performance

  13. Digital Prototyping of Milk Products

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frisvad, Jeppe Revall; Nielsen, Otto Højager Attermann; Skytte, Jacob Lercke;

    2012-01-01

    reflectance measurements can be used for more extensive validation and for gathering data that can be used to extend our current model such that it can also predict how the optical properties develop during fermentation or acidification of milk to yogurt. A well-established way of measuring optical properties...... prototyping of milk products such that it can also predict how the optical properties develop during gelation of milk to yogurt. The influence of the colloidal aggregation on the optical properties is described by the static structure factor. As our method is noninvasive, we can use our setup for monitoring...

  14. The ATLAS IBL BOC prototype

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Pixel Detector of the ATLAS experiment at CERN will be upgraded with an Insertable B-Layer (IBL) in 2013. To handle the data readout the currently used VME card pairs consisting of a back of crate card (BOC) and a read out driver (ROD) are being redesigned. This paper presents details of the hardware design of the new BOC prototype, which takes advantage from modern FPGA technology and commercial optical modules and abandons the need for a variety of custom components used on the old card. Also the throughput is four times higher and additional features are implemented.

  15. FY97 ICCS prototype specification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ICCS software team will implement and test two iterations of their software product during FY97. This document specifies the products to be delivered in that first prototype and projects the direction that the second prototype will take. Detailed specification of the later iteration will be written when the results of the first iteration are complete. The selection of frameworks to be implemented early is made on a basis of risk analysis from the point of view of future development in the ICCS project. The prototype will address risks in integration of object- oriented components, in refining our development process, and in emulation testing for FEP devices. This document is a specification that identifies products and processes to undertake for resolving these risks. The goals of this activity are to exercise our development process at a modest scale and to probe our architecture plan for fundamental limits and failure modes. The product of the iterations will be the framework software which will be useful in future ICCS code. Thus the FY97 products are intended for internal usage by the ICCS team and for demonstration to the FEP software developers of the strategy for integrating supervisory software with FEP computers. This will be the first of several expected iterations of the software development process and the performance measurements that ICCS will demonstrate, intended to support confidence in our ability to meet project RAM goals. The design of the application software is being carried out in a separate WBS 1.5.2 activity. The design activity has as its FY97 product a series of Software Design Documents that will specify the functionality of the controls software of ICCS. During the testing of this year''s prototypes, the application functionality needed for test will be provided by sample maintenance controls. These are early precursors of controls that can be used for low level device control. Since the devices under test will be represented by

  16. Project management strategies for prototyping breakdowns

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Granlien, Maren Sander; Pries-Heje, Jan; Baskerville, Richard

    2009-01-01

    , managing the explorative and iterative aspects of prototyping projects is not a trivial task. We examine the managerial challenges in a small scale prototyping project in the Danish healthcare sector where a prototype breakdown and project escalation occurs. From this study we derive a framework of...... strategies for coping with escalation in troubled prototyping projects; the framework is based on project management triangle theory and is useful when considering how to manage prototype breakdown and escalation. All strategies were applied in the project case at different points in time. The strategies led......Prototyping is often presented as a universal solution to many intractable information systems project problems. Prototyping is known to offer at least three advantages (1) provide users with a concrete understanding, (2) eliminate the confusion, (3) cope with uncertainty. On the other hand...

  17. Prototypical Rod Consolidation Demonstration Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of Phase 3 of the Prototypical Rod consolidation Demonstration Project (PRCDP) was to procure, fabricate, assemble, and test the Prototypical Rod consolidation System as described in the NUS Phase 2 Final Design Report. This effort required providing the materials, components, and fabricated parts which makes up all of the system equipment. In addition, it included the assembly, installation, and setup of this equipment at the Cold Test Facility. During the Phase 3 effort the system was tested on a component, subsystem, and system level. This volume 1, discusses the PRCDP Phase 3 Test Program that was conducted by the HALLIBURTON NUS Environmental Corporation under contract AC07-86ID12651 with the United States Department of Energy. This document, Volume 1, Book 4 discusses the following topics: Rod Compaction/Loading System Test Results and Analysis Report; Waste Collection System Test Results and Analysis Report; Waste Container Transfer Fixture Test Results and Analysis Report; Staging and Cutting Table Test Results and Analysis Report; and Upper Cutting System Test Results and Analysis Report

  18. Agile manufacturing prototyping system (AMPS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia, P.

    1998-05-09

    The Agile Manufacturing Prototyping System (AMPS) is being integrated at Sandia National Laboratories. AMPS consists of state of the industry flexible manufacturing hardware and software enhanced with Sandia advancements in sensor and model based control; automated programming, assembly and task planning; flexible fixturing; and automated reconfiguration technology. AMPS is focused on the agile production of complex electromechanical parts. It currently includes 7 robots (4 Adept One, 2 Adept 505, 1 Staubli RX90), conveyance equipment, and a collection of process equipment to form a flexible production line capable of assembling a wide range of electromechanical products. This system became operational in September 1995. Additional smart manufacturing processes will be integrated in the future. An automated spray cleaning workcell capable of handling alcohol and similar solvents was added in 1996 as well as parts cleaning and encapsulation equipment, automated deburring, and automated vision inspection stations. Plans for 1997 and out years include adding manufacturing processes for the rapid prototyping of electronic components such as soldering, paste dispensing and pick-and-place hardware.

  19. Approached adopted by RPC Radiy for the verification and validation (V&V) of FPGA based platforms for nuclear safety applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to maximize stakeholders' confidence that design implementations meet all requirements, it is of paramount importance that design organizations and suppliers of FPGA platforms to be utilized in nuclear safety applications adopt rigorous V&V processes and techniques in compliance with widely recognized industry standards. The above challenge has been fully embraced by RPC Radiy in the form of a V&V plan that is in general compliance with IEC 61508 for platforms to be used in nuclear safety applications in North America. This paper describes details of the above program which is designed to evolve and adapt to meet further challenges as we advance in our working relations and seek to meet specific requirements of utilities, regulators and design organizations in the Americas, Asia and Europe. (author)

  20. Microstructure and strength of reactive powder concrete%活性粉末混凝土(RPC)微观结构和强度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周巧琴; 蔡传荣; 何雁斌

    2003-01-01

    传统的混凝土强度较低且功能单一,已不能适应当今建筑工程的需要。因此,许多学者在改善混凝土性能、开发它的功能等方面进行了大量的研究工作。活性粉末混凝土(Reactive Powder Concrete,RPc)是继高强、高性能混凝土之后研制成功的又一种高强度、高韧性、低空隙率和高耐久性的超高性能混凝土,在石油、核电、市政、海洋等工程及军事设施方面有广阔的应用前景。

  1. Distributed TRIDAQ systems for large HEP experiments: Part II. Implementation for BAC (ZEUS at HERA) and RPC (CMS at LMC) detectors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pozniak, Krzysztof T.

    2008-01-01

    The paper debates design, construction, commissioning and exploitation of photonic and electronic TRIDAQ systems for two generations of HEP experiments. The Author participated personally in these developments during the last two decades. TRIDAQ system for Backing Calorimeter at HERA accelerator in DESY was presented. It was exploited during the period of 1991-2007. RPC Muon Trigger in CMS experiment at LHC accelerator was also presented. It will be exploited during the period of 2008-2015. Both TRIDAQ systems were designed, optimized and constructed for particular HEP experiment, thus, they have a unique functional structure. There are presented evolution of functional requirements of TRIDAQ systems and used technologies adapting to the ever changing research demands.

  2. Scientific Opinion on the safety assessment of the process “RPC Cobelplast” used to recycle post-consumer PET into food contact materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EFSA Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids (CEF

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This scientific opinion of the EFSA Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids deals with the safety assessment of the recycling process RPC Cobelplast (EU register No RECYC099 which is based on the Bandera® technology. The input of the process is washed and dried PET flakes originating from collected post-consumer PET containers, mainly bottles, containing no more than 5 % of PET from non-food consumer applications. Through this process, post-consumer washed and dried PET flakes are mixed with typically 50 % virgin PET flakes before being extruded under vacuum into sheets. Having examined the challenge tests provided, the Panel concluded that the decontamination in the extruder under vacuum degassing is the critical step for the decontamination efficiency of the process. The operating parameters to control its performance are well defined and are temperature, pressure and residence time. The operating parameters of this step in the process are at least as severe as those obtained from the challenge test. Under these conditions, it was demonstrated that the recycling process is able to ensure that the level of migration of potential unknown contaminants into food is below a conservatively modelled migration of 0.1 μg/kg food. Therefore, the recycled PET obtained from the process RPC Cobelplast intended for the manufacture of recycled thermoformed trays and containers made with up to 100 % recycled post-consumer PET and intended for contact for long term storage at room temperature with all types of foodstuffs is not considered of safety concern.

  3. CALIFA Barrel prototype detector characterisation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pietras, B., E-mail: benjamin.pietras@usc.es [Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, E-15782 (Spain); Gascón, M. [Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, E-15782 (Spain); Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Rd. Berkeley, CA 94701 (United States); Álvarez-Pol, H. [Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, E-15782 (Spain); Bendel, M. [Technische Universität München, 80333 (Germany); Bloch, T. [Technische Universität Darmstadt, D-64289 Darmstadt (Germany); Casarejos, E. [Universidade de Vigo, E-36310 (Spain); Cortina-Gil, D.; Durán, I. [Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, E-15782 (Spain); Fiori, E. [Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (GSI), D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Gernhäuser, R. [Technische Universität München, 80333 (Germany); González, D. [Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, E-15782 (Spain); Kröll, T. [Technische Universität Darmstadt, D-64289 Darmstadt (Germany); Le Bleis, T. [Technische Universität München, 80333 (Germany); Montes, N. [Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, E-15782 (Spain); Nácher, E. [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Robles, M. [Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, E-15782 (Spain); Perea, A. [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Vilán, J.A. [Universidade de Vigo, E-36310 (Spain); Winkel, M. [Technische Universität München, 80333 (Germany)

    2013-11-21

    Well established in the field of scintillator detection, Caesium Iodide remains at the forefront of scintillators for use in modern calorimeters. Recent developments in photosensor technology have lead to the production of Large Area Avalanche Photo Diodes (LAAPDs), a huge advancement on traditional photosensors in terms of high internal gain, dynamic range, magnetic field insensitivity, high quantum efficiency and fast recovery time. The R{sup 3}B physics programme has a number of requirements for its calorimeter, one of the most challenging being the dual functionality as both a calorimeter and a spectrometer. This involves the simultaneous detection of ∼300MeV protons and gamma rays ranging from 0.1 to 20 MeV. This scintillator – photosensor coupling provides an excellent solution in this capacity, in part due to the near perfect match of the LAAPD quantum efficiency peak to the light output wavelength of CsI(Tl). Modern detector development is guided by use of Monte Carlo simulations to predict detector performance, nonetheless it is essential to benchmark these simulations against real data taken with prototype detector arrays. Here follows an account of the performance of two such prototypes representing different polar regions of the Barrel section of the forthcoming CALIFA calorimeter. Measurements were taken for gamma–ray energies up to 15.1 MeV (Maier-Leibnitz Laboratory, Garching, Germany) and for direct irradiation with a 180 MeV proton beam (The Svedberg Laboratoriet, Uppsala, Sweden). Results are discussed in light of complementary GEANT4 simulations. -- Highlights: •Prototypes corresponding to different sections of the forthcoming CALIFA Barrel calorimeter were tested. •The response to both high energy gamma rays and high energy protons was observed. •This response was reproduced by use of R3BROOT simulations, the geometry extrapolated to predict performance of the complete calorimeter. •Effects such as energy straggling of wrapping

  4. LEP vacuum chamber, early prototype

    CERN Multimedia

    1978-01-01

    The structure of LEP, with long bending magnets and little access to the vacuum chamber between them, required distributed pumping. This is an early prototype for the LEP vacuum chamber, made from extruded aluminium. The main opening is for the beam. The small channel to the right is for cooling water, to carry away the heat deposited by the synchroton radiation from the beam. The 4 slots in the channel to the left house the strip-shaped ion-getter pumps (see 7810255). The ion-getter pumps depended on the magnetic field of the bending magnets, too low at injection energy for the pumps to function well. Also, a different design was required outside the bending magnets. This design was therefore abandoned, in favour of a thermal getter pump (see 8301153 and 8305170).

  5. Hadron therapy information sharing prototype

    CERN Document Server

    Roman, Faustin Laurentiu; Kanellopoulos, Vassiliki; Amoros, Gabriel; Davies, Jim; Dosanjh, Manjit; Jena, Raj; Kirkby, Norman; Peach, Ken; Salt, Jose

    2013-01-01

    The European PARTNER project developed a prototypical system for sharing hadron therapy data. This system allows doctors and patients to record and report treatment-related events during and after hadron therapy. It presents doctors and statisticians with an integrated view of adverse events across institutions, using open-source components for data federation, semantics, and analysis. There is a particular emphasis upon semantic consistency, achieved through intelligent, annotated form designs. The system as presented is ready for use in a clinical setting, and amenable to further customization. The essential contribution of the work reported here lies in the novel data integration and reporting methods, as well as the approach to software sustainability achieved through the use of community-supported open-source components.

  6. The LHCb hadron calorimeter prototype

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    LHCb is a Large Hadron Collider Beauty experiment dedicated for precision measurements of CP violation and rare phenomena. The experiment is built as a single arm detector covering a forward angle between ∼ 15 mrad and ∼ 300 mrad. It consists in a vertex detector, a tracking system, two RICH detectors, a calorimeter system comprising a preshower, electromagnetic and hadron sections, and a muon system. The role of the calorimeters is to provide identification of the electrons and hadrons for trigger and offline analysis with measurements of position and energy. The hadron calorimeter (HCAL) has to provide data for the trigger and to assist in background suppression when B decays are reconstructed. In 1997 an HCAL prototype stack of 3 modules, each having the dimensions 96 x 16 x 153 cm3, has been constructed and exposed to the X7 test beams of the SPS at CERN. Each module is constructed from scintillator tiles embedded in an iron structure, which are parallel to the beam direction in a staggered arrangement. The cell segmentation of the 1997 prototype was 16 x 16 cm2 and had a 2-fold in depth readout. Around 3760 spacer plates and weld straps necessary for all 6 modules were supplied by Romanian group of IFIN-HH in 1997, as well as about 200 master plates for two modules in 1998. The assembling of the modules was performed at CERN by people of our group, IHEP Serpukhov and CERN. During November 1997 test beam data were taken with pion and electron beams of 5 up to 50 GeV/c momenta. The energy spectra for pions were obtained. A shift of about 1.3 GeV of the energy mean value with respect to the beam energy was observed for all studied energies. This could be due to different effects. The energy resolution as a function of the beam energy fitted by the dependence σ/E = a/√E + b gives parameters in agreement with the values expected from Monte Carlo. Uniformity response for pions at 20 GeV oscillates within 2.5 % around the mean value. Data taken with ECAL

  7. FAMOUS. The fluorescence telescope prototype

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schumacher, Johannes; Bretz, Thomas; Hebbeker, Thomas; Lauscher, Markus; Middendorf, Lukas; Niggemann, Tim; Peters, Christine; Sommer, Dominik; Stephan, Maurice [III. Physikalisches Institut A, RWTH Aachen University (Germany); Auffenberg, Jan; Schaufel, Merlin [III. Physikalisches Institut B, RWTH Aachen University (Germany)

    2015-07-01

    One of the most successful techniques for the detection of air showers produced by ultra-high-energy cosmic rays are fluorescence telescopes. The light produced by de-exciting nitrogen in the atmosphere is typically detected by photomultiplier tubes (PMTs). This technique has been successfully used by the Pierre Auger Observatory in Argentina for many years. Silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs) promise higher photon detection efficiencies than PMTs. This and other advantages motivate the construction of the fluorescence telescope prototype FAMOUS (First Auger Multi-pixel photon counter camera for the Observation of Ultra-high-energy air Showers) which makes use of SiPMs. In this talk we discuss the FAMOUS telescope with a new 64-pixel camera including power supply and DAQ.

  8. A plastic scintillation counter prototype

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new prototype device for beta-ray measurement, a plastic scintillation counter, was assembled as an alternative device to liquid scintillation counters. This device uses plastic scintillation sheets (PS sheets) as a sample applicator without the use of a liquid scintillator. The performance was evaluated using tritium labeled compounds, and good linearity was observed between the activity and net count rate. The calculated detection limit of the device was 0.01 Bq mL−1 after 10 h measurement for 2 mL sample. - Highlights: • A new device of plastic scintillation counter was developed to measure beta emitters. • High sensitivity with low detection limit was performed for a tritium compound. • A detection limit of tritium was 0.01 Bq mL−1 for a 10 h measurement. • A plastic scintillation counter generated no radioactive organic waste fluid. • A plastic scintillation counter could analyze qualitatively and quantitatively

  9. Prototype moving-ring reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have completed a design of the Prototype Moving-Ring Reactor. The fusion fuel is confined in current-carrying rings of magnetically-field-reversed plasma (Compact Toroids). The plasma rings, formed by a coaxial plasma gun, undergo adiabatic magnetic compression to ignition temperature while they are being injected into the reactor's burner section. The cylindrical burner chamber is divided into three burn stations. Separator coils and a slight axial guide field gradient are used to shuttle the ignited toroids rapidly from one burn station to the next, pausing for 1/3 of the total burn time at each station. D-T-3He ice pellets refuel the rings at a rate which maintains constant radiated power

  10. FAMOUS. The fluorescence telescope prototype

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the most successful techniques for the detection of air showers produced by ultra-high-energy cosmic rays are fluorescence telescopes. The light produced by de-exciting nitrogen in the atmosphere is typically detected by photomultiplier tubes (PMTs). This technique has been successfully used by the Pierre Auger Observatory in Argentina for many years. Silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs) promise higher photon detection efficiencies than PMTs. This and other advantages motivate the construction of the fluorescence telescope prototype FAMOUS (First Auger Multi-pixel photon counter camera for the Observation of Ultra-high-energy air Showers) which makes use of SiPMs. In this talk we discuss the FAMOUS telescope with a new 64-pixel camera including power supply and DAQ.

  11. Prototype international quality assurance program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The international community presently lacks the ability to determine the quality and credibility of environmental measurements that is required to make sound decisions in matters related to international security, public health, and investment-related considerations. The ultimate goal of the work described in this article is to develop a credible information base including measurement capability for determination of environmental contamination and the potential for proliferation of material components of chemical or nuclear weapons. This study compared the accuracy obtained by six Russian and six U.S. laboratories for samples representative of classes of trace metals, dioxing-furans, and radioactive substances. The results obtained in this work indicate that current estimates for laboratory accuracy are likely overly optimistic. The weaknesses discovered by this prototype U.S. - Russia study also exist within the broader international community of laboratories. Further work is proposed to address the urgent need for the international community to improve performance evaluations for analytical measurements. (author)

  12. Prototype of industrial electrons accelerator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The interest and the necessity of Mexico's industry in the use of irradiation process has been increased in the last years. As examples are the irradiation of combustion gases (elimination of NOx and SO2) and the polymer cross-linking between others. At present time at least twelve enterprises require immediately of them which have been contacted by electron accelerators suppliers of foreign countries. The first project step consisted in to identify the electrons accelerator type that in can be constructed in Mexico with the major number of possible equipment, instruments, components and acquisition materials local and useful for the major number of users. the characteristics of the accelerator prototype are: accelerator type transformer with multiple secondary insulated and rectifier circuits with a potential of 0.8 MV of voltage, the second step it consisted in an economic study that permitted to demonstrate the economic feasibility of its construction. (Author)

  13. Sonification Prototype for Space Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Candey, R. M.; Schertenleib, A. M.; Diaz Merced, W. L.

    2005-12-01

    As an alternative and adjunct to visual displays, auditory exploration of data via sonification (data controlled sound) and audification (audible playback of data samples) is promising for complex or rapidly/temporally changing visualizations, for data exploration of large datasets (particularly multi-dimensional datasets), and for exploring datasets in frequency rather than spatial dimensions (see also International Conferences on Auditory Display ). Besides improving data exploration and analysis for most researchers, the use of sound is especially valuable as an assistive technology for visually-impaired people and can make science and math more exciting for high school and college students. Only recently have the hardware and software come together to make a cross-platform open-source sonification tool feasible. We have developed a prototype sonification data analysis tool using the JavaSound API and NASA GSFC's ViSBARD software . Wanda Diaz Merced, a blind astrophysicist from Puerto Rico, is instrumental in advising on and testing the tool.

  14. Prototype calorimeters for the NA3 experiment

    CERN Multimedia

    1975-01-01

    The NA3 Experiment was set-up on the North Area of the SPS by the CERN/ Ecole Polytechnique/College de France/ Orsay/Saclay Collaboration, to study high transverse momentum leptons and hadrons from hadron collisions. The calorimeters measured the energy of hadrons (prototype on the right) and leptons (prototype on the left). They used a new type of plastic scintillator (plexipop). (see CERN Courier of November 1975) energy (prototype on the right)

  15. Real-Time Scheduling for Software Prototyping

    OpenAIRE

    Luqi; Shing, M

    1996-01-01

    This paper presents several real-time scheduling algorithms developed to support rapid prototyping of embedded systems using the Computer Aided Prototyping System (CAPS). The CAPS tools are based on the Prototyping System Description Language (PSDL), which is a high-level language designed specifically to support the conceptual modeling of real-time embedded systems. This paper describes the scheduling algorithms used in CAPS along with the associated timing constraint and hardwar...

  16. Monophonic Instrument Playing Practice System Prototype

    OpenAIRE

    Haarahiltunen, Mika

    2013-01-01

    The goal of the project was to develop a prototype of a system that could be used for practicing the playing of breath instruments, such as flutes or saxophones. However, during the development process, the emphasis shifted from a breath instrument specific design towards a more generic design that could be used with any monophonic instrument. The development of the prototype included studying existing solutions, specifying the functional requirements and finally implementing the prototype. T...

  17. The Yucca Mountain Project Prototype Testing Program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Yucca Mountain Project is conducting a Prototype Testing Program to ensure that the Exploratory Shaft Facility (ESF) tests can be completed in the time available and to develop instruments, equipment, and procedures so the ESF tests can collect reliable and representative site characterization data. This report summarizes the prototype tests and their status and location and emphasizes prototype ESF and surface tests, which are required in the early stages of the ESF site characterization tests. 14 figs

  18. Enhancing experience prototyping by the help of mixed-fidelity prototypes

    OpenAIRE

    Yasar, Ansar-Ul-Haque

    2007-01-01

    In this research review I undertook the problem related to the usage of a new concept known as the Mixed- Fidelity Prototype which is a mixture of its predecessors Low- and High- Fidelity Prototypes in Experience Prototyping. Experience Prototyping is a good way to explore, communicate and interact with the designs we develop like experiencing cycling on the ice, although the mood, snow conditions, bicycle type and many other factors really matter and tend to change with time. Experience Prot...

  19. Wireless Augmented Reality Prototype (WARP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devereaux, A. S.

    1999-01-01

    Initiated in January, 1997, under NASA's Office of Life and Microgravity Sciences and Applications, the Wireless Augmented Reality Prototype (WARP) is a means to leverage recent advances in communications, displays, imaging sensors, biosensors, voice recognition and microelectronics to develop a hands-free, tetherless system capable of real-time personal display and control of computer system resources. Using WARP, an astronaut may efficiently operate and monitor any computer-controllable activity inside or outside the vehicle or station. The WARP concept is a lightweight, unobtrusive heads-up display with a wireless wearable control unit. Connectivity to the external system is achieved through a high-rate radio link from the WARP personal unit to a base station unit installed into any system PC. The radio link has been specially engineered to operate within the high- interference, high-multipath environment of a space shuttle or space station module. Through this virtual terminal, the astronaut will be able to view and manipulate imagery, text or video, using voice commands to control the terminal operations. WARP's hands-free access to computer-based instruction texts, diagrams and checklists replaces juggling manuals and clipboards, and tetherless computer system access allows free motion throughout a cabin while monitoring and operating equipment.

  20. A French fuel cell prototype

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A French prototype of a fuel cell based on the PEM (proton exchange membrane) technology has been designed by Helion, a branch of Technicatome, this fuel cell delivers 300 kW and will be used in naval applications and terrestrial transport. The main advantages of fuel cell are: 1) no contamination, even if the fuel used is natural gas the quantities of CO2 and CO emitted are respectively 17 and 75 times as little as the maximal quantities allowed by European regulations, 2) efficiency, the electric yield is up to 60 % and can reach 80 % if we include the recovery of heat, 3) silent, the fuel cell itself does not make noise. The present price of fuel cell is the main reason that hampers its industrial development, this price is in fact strongly dependant on the cost of its different components: catalyzers, membranes, bipolar plates and the hydrogen supply. This article gives the technical characteristics of the Helion's fuel cell. (A.C.)

  1. An empirical investigation of architectural prototyping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Henrik Bærbak; Hansen, Klaus Marius

    2010-01-01

    Architectural prototyping is the process of using executable code to investigate stakeholders’ software architecture concerns with respect to a system under development. Previous work has established this as a useful and cost-effective way of exploration and learning of the design space of a system...... prototyping in practice. First, we report findings from an ethnographic study of practicing software architects. Secondly, we report from a focus group on architectural prototyping involving architects from four companies. And, thirdly, we report from a survey study of 20 practicing software architects and...... software developers. Our findings indicate that architectural prototyping plays an important and frequent role in resolving problems experimentally, but less so in exploring alternative solutions. Furthermore, architectural prototypes include end-user or business related functionality rather than purely...

  2. Virtual video prototyping of pervasive healthcare systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bardram, Jakob; Bossen, Claus; Lykke-Olesen, Andreas;

    2002-01-01

    Virtual studio technology enables the mixing of physical and digital 3D objects and thus expands the way of representing design ideas in terms of virtual video prototypes, which offers new possibilities for designers by combining elements of prototypes, mock-ups, scenarios, and conventional video...... concrete design issues, since one cannot avoid paying attention to the physical, real-world constraints and to details in the usage-interaction between users and technology. From the users' perspective, during our evaluation of the virtual video prototype, we experienced how it enabled users to relate to....... In this article we report our initial experience in the domain of pervasive healthcare with producing virtual video prototypes and using them in a design workshop. Our experience has been predominantly favourable. The production of a virtual video prototype forces the designers to decide very...

  3. Virtual Video Prototyping for Healthcare Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bardram, Jakob Eyvind; Bossen, Claus; Lykke-Olesen, Andreas;

    2002-01-01

    Virtual studio technology enables the mixing of physical and digital 3D objects and thus expands the way of representing design ideas in terms of virtual video prototypes, which offers new possibilities for designers by combining elements of prototypes, mock-ups, scenarios, and conventional video...... concrete design issues, since one cannot avoid paying attention to the physical, real-world constraints and to details in the usage-interaction between users and technology. From the users' perspective, during our evaluation of the virtual video prototype, we experienced how it enabled users to relate to....... In this article we report our initial experience in the domain of pervasive healthcare with producing virtual video prototypes and using them in a design workshop. Our experience has been predominantly favourable. The production of a virtual video prototype forces the designers to decide very...

  4. Review on CNC-Rapid Prototyping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Z, M. Nafis O.; Y, Nafrizuan M.; A, Munira M.; J, Kartina

    2012-09-01

    This article reviewed developments of Computerized Numerical Control (CNC) technology in rapid prototyping process. Rapid prototyping (RP) can be classified into three major groups; subtractive, additive and virtual. CNC rapid prototyping is grouped under the subtractive category which involves material removal from the workpiece that is larger than the final part. Richard Wysk established the use of CNC machines for rapid prototyping using sets of 2½-D tool paths from various orientations about a rotary axis to machine parts without refixturing. Since then, there are few developments on this process mainly aimed to optimized the operation and increase the process capabilities to stand equal with common additive type of RP. These developments include the integration between machining and deposition process (hybrid RP), adoption of RP to the conventional machine and optimization of the CNC rapid prototyping process based on controlled parameters. The article ended by concluding that the CNC rapid prototyping research area has a vast space for improvement as in the conventional machining processes. Further developments and findings will enhance the usage of this method and minimize the limitation of current approach in building a prototype.

  5. Review on CNC-Rapid Prototyping

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article reviewed developments of Computerized Numerical Control (CNC) technology in rapid prototyping process. Rapid prototyping (RP) can be classified into three major groups; subtractive, additive and virtual. CNC rapid prototyping is grouped under the subtractive category which involves material removal from the workpiece that is larger than the final part. Richard Wysk established the use of CNC machines for rapid prototyping using sets of 2½-D tool paths from various orientations about a rotary axis to machine parts without refixturing. Since then, there are few developments on this process mainly aimed to optimized the operation and increase the process capabilities to stand equal with common additive type of RP. These developments include the integration between machining and deposition process (hybrid RP), adoption of RP to the conventional machine and optimization of the CNC rapid prototyping process based on controlled parameters. The article ended by concluding that the CNC rapid prototyping research area has a vast space for improvement as in the conventional machining processes. Further developments and findings will enhance the usage of this method and minimize the limitation of current approach in building a prototype.

  6. Rapid prototyping and stereolithography in dentistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nayar, Sanjna; Bhuminathan, S; Bhat, Wasim Manzoor

    2015-04-01

    The word rapid prototyping (RP) was first used in mechanical engineering field in the early 1980s to describe the act of producing a prototype, a unique product, the first product, or a reference model. In the past, prototypes were handmade by sculpting or casting, and their fabrication demanded a long time. Any and every prototype should undergo evaluation, correction of defects, and approval before the beginning of its mass or large scale production. Prototypes may also be used for specific or restricted purposes, in which case they are usually called a preseries model. With the development of information technology, three-dimensional models can be devised and built based on virtual prototypes. Computers can now be used to create accurately detailed projects that can be assessed from different perspectives in a process known as computer aided design (CAD). To materialize virtual objects using CAD, a computer aided manufacture (CAM) process has been developed. To transform a virtual file into a real object, CAM operates using a machine connected to a computer, similar to a printer or peripheral device. In 1987, Brix and Lambrecht used, for the first time, a prototype in health care. It was a three-dimensional model manufactured using a computer numerical control device, a type of machine that was the predecessor of RP. In 1991, human anatomy models produced with a technology called stereolithography were first used in a maxillofacial surgery clinic in Viena. PMID:26015715

  7. Rapid prototyping and stereolithography in dentistry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjna Nayar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The word rapid prototyping (RP was first used in mechanical engineering field in the early 1980s to describe the act of producing a prototype, a unique product, the first product, or a reference model. In the past, prototypes were handmade by sculpting or casting, and their fabrication demanded a long time. Any and every prototype should undergo evaluation, correction of defects, and approval before the beginning of its mass or large scale production. Prototypes may also be used for specific or restricted purposes, in which case they are usually called a preseries model. With the development of information technology, three-dimensional models can be devised and built based on virtual prototypes. Computers can now be used to create accurately detailed projects that can be assessed from different perspectives in a process known as computer aided design (CAD. To materialize virtual objects using CAD, a computer aided manufacture (CAM process has been developed. To transform a virtual file into a real object, CAM operates using a machine connected to a computer, similar to a printer or peripheral device. In 1987, Brix and Lambrecht used, for the first time, a prototype in health care. It was a three-dimensional model manufactured using a computer numerical control device, a type of machine that was the predecessor of RP. In 1991, human anatomy models produced with a technology called stereolithography were first used in a maxillofacial surgery clinic in Viena.

  8. Evaluation of a prototype infrasound system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Under Department of Energy sponsorship, Sandia National Laboratories and Los Alamos National Laboratory cooperated to develop a prototype infrasonic array, with associated documentation, that could be used as part of the International Monitoring System. The United States Government or foreign countries could procure commercially available systems based on this prototype to fulfill their Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) obligations. The prototype is a four-element array in a triangular layout as recommended in CD/NTB/WP.224 with an element at each corner and one in the center. The prototype test configuration utilize an array spacing of 1 km. The prototype infrasound system has the following objectives: (1) Provide a prototype that reliably acquires and transmits near real-time infrasonic data to facilitate the rapid location and identification of atmospheric events. (2) Provide documentation that could be used by the United States and foreign countries to procure infrasound systems commercially to fulfill their CTBT responsibilities. Infrasonic monitoring is an effective, low cost technology for detecting atmospheric explosions. The low frequency components of explosion signals propagate to long ranges (few thousand kilometers) where they can be detected with an array of sensors. Los Alamos National Laboratory's expertise in infrasound systems and phenomenology when combined with Sandia's expertise in providing verification quality system for treaty monitoring make an excellent team to provide the prototype infrasound sensor system. By September 1997, the prototype infrasound system will have been procured, integrated, evaluated and documented. Final documentation will include a system requirements document, an evaluation report and a hardware design document. The hardware design document will describe the various hardware components used in the infrasound prototype and their interrelationships

  9. NIF/LMJ prototype amplifier mechanical design

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Amplifier prototypes for the National Ignition Facility and the Laser Megajoule will be tested at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The prototype amplifier, which is an ensemble of modules from LLNL and Centre d'Etudes de Limeil-Valenton, is cassette-based with bottom access for maintenance. A sealed maintenance transfer vehicle which moves optical cassettes between the amplifier and the assembly cleanroom, and a vacuum gripper which holds laser slabs during cassette assembly will also be tested. The prototype amplifier will be used to verify amplifier optical performance, thermal recovery time, and cleanliness of mechanical operations

  10. The four INTA-300 rocket prototypes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calero, J. S.

    1985-03-01

    A development history and performance capability assessment is presented for the INTA-300 'Flamenco' sounding rocket prototype specimens. The Flamenco is a two-stage solid fuel rocket, based on British sounding rocket technology, that can lift 50 km payloads to altitudes of about 300 km. The flight of the first two prototypes, in 1974 and 1975, pointed to vibration problems which reduced the achievable apogee, and the third prototype's flight was marred by a premature detonation that destroyed the rocket. The fourth Flamenco flight, however, yielded much reliable data.

  11. Field Data Logger Prototype for Power Converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chaudhary, Sanjay; Ghimire, Pramod; Thøgersen, Paul Bach; de Place Rimmen, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Mission profile data is very important for the cost effective and reliable design of power converters. The converter design can be improved on the basis of actual field data. Actual mission profile data can be collected for the power converters using field data loggers over a long period of time...... and subsequent analysis of the data. This paper presents the development of a low cost prototype field data logger prototype using Raspberry PI and industrial sensors. The functionalities of the data logger prototype are described. An online rainflow count algorithm has been implemented as well....

  12. Characterization of Prototype LSST CCDs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    OCONNOR,P.; FRANK, J.; GEARY, J.C.; GILMORE, D.K.; KOTOV, I.; RADEKA, V.; TAKACS, P.; TYSON, J.A.

    2008-06-23

    The ambitious science goals of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) will be achieved in part by a wide-field imager that will achieve a new level of performance in terms of area, speed, and sensitivity. The instrument performance is dominated by the focal plane sensors, which are now in development. These new-generation sensors will make use of advanced semiconductor technology and will be complemented by a highly integrated electronics package located inside the cryostat. A test laboratory has been set up at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) to characterize prototype sensors and to develop test and assembly techniques for eventual integration of production sensors and electronics into modules that will form the final focal plane. As described in [1], the key requirements for LSST sensors are wideband quantum efficiency (QE) extending beyond lpm in the red, control of point spread function (PSF), and fast readout using multiple amplifiers per chip operated in parallel. In addition, LSST's fast optical system (f71.25) places severe constraints on focal plane flatness. At the chip level this involves packaging techniques to minimize warpage of the silicon die, and at the mosaic level careful assembly and metrology to achieve a high coplanarity of the sensor tiles. In view of the long lead time to develop the needed sensor technology, LSST undertook a study program with several vendors to fabricate and test devices which address the most critical performance features [2]. The remainder of this paper presents key results of this study program. Section 2 summarizes the sensor requirements and the results of design optimization studies, and Section 3 presents the sensor development plan. In Section 4 we describe the test bench at BNL. Section 5 reports measurement results obtained to date oh devices fabricated by several vendors. Section 6 presents a summary of the paper and an outlook for the future work. We present characterization methods and results on

  13. On the neutron jet prototype

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Fast neutrons are proposed to use, in a deep space, as a recoil mass for low-thrust nuclear fission (or fusion) rocket engine instead of hydrogen heated in nuclear reactor up to 2300 - 2700oC [1, 2]. In particularly, such neutron engines with a long-term operation as well as nuclear powerful or micro-explosions can be used for ensuring of the astronomical safety for the Earth from asteroids in diameter more 50 m. For production of attractive force of 9.81N the propellant expenditure of hydrogen jet with the system specific impulse of ∼ 9000 m s-1 is ∼ 94 kg a day. For fast 1.8 MeV-neutron jet - 45.8 g per day (directed or collimated neutron fluxes). J=1016cm-2 s-1 if a cross-section of rocket nozzle is 1m2 [2]. So, to produce powerful directed or collimated fast neutron fluxes high intensity controlled neutron sources are required (they are, basically, the novel high-flux research reactors, for example, HFRR (Osaka University, Japan), 400 MW (th) and ψ=1016 cm-2 s-1). The most suitable neutron jet prototype is the B-2 facility of the fast reactor BR-5 (SSC RF Obninsk, Russia). This is a 'mono directional disk' with a diameter of 0.25 m; for neutrons with energies > (2, 3) MeV the collimated neutron flux is 1010cm-2 s-1 at the reactor power of 5 MW [3]. The intensification of fast neutron fluences may be up to ∼ 21 for the volume fast neutron source (the fast reactor with a diameter of ∼ 0.8 m) and ∼ 39 for point one by using an iron reflecting tube one side of which is closed (end wall - the effects of a neutron searchlight) [4]. The thickness of walls is 40 cm [5]. The additional intensification is possible by using 6LiD-thermal neutron-flux converter into ∼ 14 MeV-neutrons from (dT), (6LiT)-fusion reactions [6

  14. Analysis of RPC Preparation of Reactive Powder Concrete%浅析RPC活性粉末混凝土配制技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘利萍

    2012-01-01

    RPC活性粉末混凝土是一种经过特定工艺条件生产出来的水泥基复合材料,目前其配制技术在国内尚无成功的经验可循,也无成熟的工艺,在《大西铁路客运专线工程建设混凝土构件预制场构件预制工艺及设备配置标准》的指导下,经过多次试验,总结出取得最佳效果的配制技术。%RPC active powder concrete is a composite cement matrix materials produced with a specific process,at present,for the preparation technology in China there is neither successful experience to follow,and no mature technology.Under the guidance of the standards of the passenger railway line engineering construction concrete component prefabricated plant prefabrication process and equipment configuration component,through many experiments,sums up the preparation technology to get the best results.

  15. Presentation Trainer Prototype 1.0

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Börner, Dirk; Specht, Marcus

    2014-01-01

    This software sketch comprises the first prototype of the presentation trainer. The application uses the Microsoft Kinect sensor and was built using the Processing 1.5.1 development environment. Available under the GNU LGPL licence version 3 or higher.

  16. Prototype of the RFD linac structure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 2.5-MeV prototype of a 'Compact 12-MeV Proton Linac for PET Isotope Production' is under construction at Linac Systems. This unit will serve as the 'proof of principle' for the revolutionary new Rf Focused Drift tube (RFD) linac structure. Both the prototype and the production unit will operate at 600 MHz. The prototype comprises a 25- keV proton ion source, a short LEBT, a 0.65-m-long RFQ linac to 0.8 MeV, and a 0.35-m-long RFD linac to 2.5 MeV. Because of the similarity of the accelerating and focusing properties of the RFQ and RFD linac structures, no matching section is required between them. The two linac structures will be resonantly coupled together and powered by a collection of planar triodes. The prototype is scheduled for completion in the fall of 1997. (author)

  17. Gesture Recognition for an Exergame Prototype

    OpenAIRE

    Gacem, Brahim; Vergouw, Robert; Verbiest, Harm; Cicek, Emrullah; Van Oosterhout, Tim; Bakkes, Sander; Kröse, Ben

    2011-01-01

    We will demonstrate a prototype exergame aimed at the serious domain of elderly fitness. The exergame incorporates straightforward means to gesture recognition, and utilises a Kinect camera to obtain 2.5D sensory data of the human user.

  18. Power test for first prototype LIBO module

    CERN Multimedia

    Laurent Guiraud

    2000-01-01

    The Linac Booster (LIBO) is a prototype machine for producing particle beams for cancer therapy. Hadron therapy techniques are able to reach deep tumours with less damage to surrounding tissue than with conventional radiotherapy.

  19. Transfer Prototype-based Fuzzy Clustering

    OpenAIRE

    Deng, Zhaohong; Jiang, Yizhang; Chung, Fu-Lai; Ishibuchi, Hisao; Choi, Kup-Sze; Wang, Shitong

    2014-01-01

    The traditional prototype based clustering methods, such as the well-known fuzzy c-mean (FCM) algorithm, usually need sufficient data to find a good clustering partition. If the available data is limited or scarce, most of the existing prototype based clustering algorithms will no longer be effective. While the data for the current clustering task may be scarce, there is usually some useful knowledge available in the related scenes/domains. In this study, the concept of transfer learning is a...

  20. Language prototyping an algebraic specification approach

    CERN Document Server

    van Deursen, A; Klint, P

    1996-01-01

    Language prototyping provides a means to generate language implementations automatically from high-level language definitions. This volume presents an algebraic specification approach to language prototyping, and is centered around the ASF+SDF formalism and Meta-Environment. The volume is an integrated collection of articles covering a number of case studies, and includes several chapters proposing new techniques for deriving advanced language implementations. The accompanying software is freely available.

  1. The OPAL jet chamber full scale prototype

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The concept of a jet chamber for the central detector of OPAL has been tested with a full scale prototype. The design of this prototype, its mechanical and electrical structure and its support system for high voltage, gas, laser calibration and readout are described. Operating experience has been gathered since summer 1984. The chamber performance in terms of spatial resolution and particle identification capability is given. (orig.)

  2. Field evaluation of prototype electrofibrous filters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    New prototype electrofibrous filters were designed, built and evaluated in laboratory tests and in field installations. Two prototypes were designed for use in nuclear ventilation ducts as prefilters to HEPA filters. One prototype is designed to be a permanent component of the ventilation system while the other is a disposable unit. The disposable electrofibrous prefilter was installed in the exhaust stream of a glove box in which barrels of uranium turnings are burned. Preliminary tests show the disposal prefilter is effectively prolonging the HEPA filter life. An earlier prototype of the rolling prefilter was upgraded to meet the increased requirements for installation in a nuclear facility. This upgraded prototype was evaluated in the fire test facility at LLNL and shown to be effective in protecting HEPA filters from plugging under the most severe smoke conditions. The last prototype described in this report is a recirculating air filter. After demonstrating a high performance in laboratory tests the unit was shipped to Savannah River where it is awaiting installation in a Pu fuel fabrication facility. An analysis of the particulate problem in Savannah River indicates that four recirculating air filter will save $172,000 per year in maintenance costs

  3. MPACT Fast Neutron Multiplicity System Prototype Development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    D.L. Chichester; S.A. Pozzi; J.L. Dolan; M.T. Kinlaw; S.J. Thompson; A.C. Kaplan; M. Flaska; A. Enqvist; J.T. Johnson; S.M. Watson

    2013-09-01

    This document serves as both an FY2103 End-of-Year and End-of-Project report on efforts that resulted in the design of a prototype fast neutron multiplicity counter leveraged upon the findings of previous project efforts. The prototype design includes 32 liquid scintillator detectors with cubic volumes 7.62 cm in dimension configured into 4 stacked rings of 8 detectors. Detector signal collection for the system is handled with a pair of Struck Innovative Systeme 16-channel digitizers controlled by in-house developed software with built-in multiplicity analysis algorithms. Initial testing and familiarization of the currently obtained prototype components is underway, however full prototype construction is required for further optimization. Monte Carlo models of the prototype system were performed to estimate die-away and efficiency values. Analysis of these models resulted in the development of a software package capable of determining the effects of nearest-neighbor rejection methods for elimination of detector cross talk. A parameter study was performed using previously developed analytical methods for the estimation of assay mass variance for use as a figure-of-merit for system performance. A software package was developed to automate these calculations and ensure accuracy. The results of the parameter study show that the prototype fast neutron multiplicity counter design is very nearly optimized under the restraints of the parameter space.

  4. An Application of Chromatic Prototypes for a Universal Information System

    CERN Document Server

    McCool, Matthew

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents research on color prototypes, categories, and the neuropsychology of color. These data suggest that chromatic prototypes may be useful for thematically organizing information systems.

  5. Prototype for Extended XDB Using Wiki

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wook-Sung Yoo

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes a prototype of extended XDB. XDB is an open-source and extensible database architecture developed by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA to provide integration of heterogeneous and distributed information resources for scientific and engineering applications. XDB enables an unlimited number of desktops and distributed information sources to be linked seamlessly and efficiently into an information grid using Data Access and Retrieval Composition (DARC protocol whichprovides a contextual search and retrieval capability useful for lightweight web applications. This paper shows the usage of XDB on common data management in the enterprise without burdening users and application developers with unnecessary complexity and formal schemas. Supported by NASA Ames Research Center through NASA Exploration System Mission Directorate (ESMD Higher Education grant, a project team at Fairfield University extended this concept and developed an extended XDB protocol and a prototype providing text-searches for Wiki. The technical specification of the protocol was posted to Source Forge (sourceforge.net and a prototype providing text-searches for Wiki was developed. The prototype was created for 16 tags of the MediaWiki dialect. As part of future works, the prototype will be further extended to the complete Wiki markups and other dialects of Wiki.

  6. Close encounters of the prototype kind

    CERN Document Server

    2005-01-01

    CERN is building a new control centre for the operation of its entire accelerator complex and technical infrastructure. The prototype console for the new centre has just been installed and tested. Close encounters of the prototype kind CERN is building a new control centre for the operation of its entire accelerator complex and technical infrastructure. The prototype console for the new centre has just been installed and tested. The prototype of the control consoles that will be at the heart of the future CERN Control Centre (CCC) has just been installed in the Roy Billinge Room in Building 354. Until now, there have been four separate control rooms for the CERN accelerators and technical infrastructure. The CCC, which will be located on the Prévessin site, will bring them all together in a single room. The Centre will consist of 40 consoles for four different areas (LHC, SPS, PS complex and technical infrastructure). The prototype was tested by the technicians for a month. Following installation and con...

  7. The energy performance of prototype holographic glazings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papamichael, K.; Beltran, L.; Furler, R.; Lee, E. S.; Selkowitz, S.; Rubin, M.

    1993-02-01

    We report on the simulation of the energy performance of prototype holographic glazings in commercial office buildings in a California climate. These prototype glazings, installed above conventional side windows, are designed to diffract the transmitted solar radiation and reflect it off the ceiling, providing adequate daylight illumination for typical office tasks up to 10m from the window. In this study, we experimentally determined a comprehensive set of solar-optical properties and characterized the contribution of the prototype holographic glazings to workplane illuminance in a scale model of a typical office space. We then used the scale model measurements to simulate the energy performance of the holographic glazings over the course of an entire year for four window orientations (North, East, South and West) for the inland Los Angeles climate, using the DOE-2.lD building energy analysis computer program. The results of our experimental analyses indicate that these prototype holographic glazings diffract only a small fraction of the incident light. The results of this study indicate that these prototype holographic glazings will not save energy in commercial office buildings. Their performance is very similar to that of clear glass, which, through side windows, cannot efficiently illuminate more than a 4-6 m depth of a building's perimeter, because the cooling penalties due to solar heat gain are greater than the electric lighting savings due to daylighting.

  8. 钢-薄层RPC组合桥面结构栓钉的抗剪性能%Shear Behavior of Studs of Composite Deck System Composed of Steel and Ultra-thin RPC Layer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵旭东; 周环宇; 曹君辉

    2013-01-01

    In order to research the mechanical property of studs of composite deck system composed of steel and ultra-thin RPC layer, we established a finite element model, analysed the stress field of short studs in steel-RPC composite structures and the load-slip curve. We also performed a push-out experiment, measured the values of the stud's load-slip curve and obtained the stud's ultimate bearing capacity. The results show that due to the compressive strength of RPC itself can reach 80 Mpa, which is much larger than the ultimate eompressive strength of ordinary concrete (the yield strength of C50' is 32. 4 MPa) , the interfacial shearing force between steel and RPC layer led to the studs being sheared off while the RPC layer kept fine, the stud's ultimate bearing capacity increased by 42% compared with that of the push-out sample poured by common concrete ( concrete partial crushing led to destruction). In addition, we studied the shear behavior of the short studs in steel-RPC composite bridge structure, and pointed out that the bearing capacity of the short stud is linearly proportional to d , while the length of stud has no effect on the bearing capacity. Finally, we proposed a calculation formula of the bearing capacity of short stud to provide a basis for design.%为研究钢-薄层RPC组合桥面结构栓钉受力性能,建立了有限元模型,对钢-RPC组合结构中短栓钉的应力场及荷载-滑移曲线进行理论分析.开展了推出试验,实测了栓钉的荷载-滑移曲线,并得到了栓钉的极限承载力.研究结果表明,由于RPC自身抗压强度能达到80 MPa,其远大于普通混凝土的极限抗压强度(C50屈服强度为32.4 MPa),故钢-RPC组合桥面结构中层间剪力将导致栓钉被剪坏,而RPC层并无损坏,其单个栓钉抗剪承载力较采用普通混凝土浇注的推出试件(混凝土被局部压碎导致破坏)中栓钉承载力提高了42%.具体研究了钢-RPC组合桥面结构中短栓钉的抗剪性能,指

  9. A COMPUTERIZED OPERATOR SUPPORT SYSTEM PROTOTYPE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thomas A. Ulrich; Roger Lew; Ronald L. Boring; Ken Thomas

    2015-03-01

    A computerized operator support system (COSS) is proposed for use in nuclear power plants to assist control room operators in addressing time-critical plant upsets. A COSS is a collection of technologies to assist operators in monitoring overall plant performance and making timely, informed decisions on appropriate control actions for the projected plant condition. A prototype COSS was developed in order to demonstrate the concept and provide a test bed for further research. The prototype is based on four underlying elements consisting of a digital alarm system, computer-based procedures, piping and instrumentation diagram system representations, and a recommender module for mitigation actions. The initial version of the prototype is now operational at the Idaho National Laboratory using the Human System Simulation Laboratory.

  10. Prototype Hanford Surface Barrier: Design basis document

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Hanford Site Surface Barrier Development Program (BDP) was organized in 1985 to develop the technology needed to provide a long-term surface barrier capability for the Hanford Site and other arid sites. This document provides the basis of the prototype barrier. Engineers and scientists have momentarily frozen evolving barrier designs and incorporated the latest findings from BDP tasks. The design and construction of the prototype barrier has required that all of the various components of the barrier be brought together into an integrated system. This integration is particularly important because some of the components of the protective barreir have been developed independently of other barreir components. This document serves as the baseline by which future modifications or other barrier designs can be compared. Also, this document contains the minutes of meeting convened during the definitive design process in which critical decisions affecting the prototype barrier's design were made and the construction drawings

  11. HSI Prototypes for Human Systems Simulation Laboratory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jokstad, Håkon [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); McDonald, Rob [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2015-09-01

    This report describes in detail the design and features of three Human System Interface (HSI) prototypes developed by the Institutt for Energiteknikk (IFE) in support of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program under Contract 128420 through Idaho National Laboratory (INL). The prototypes are implemented for the Generic Pressurized Water Reactor simulator and installed in the Human Systems Simulation Laboratory at INL. The three prototypes are: 1) Power Ramp display 2) RCS Heat-up and Cool-down display 3) Estimated time to limit display The power ramp display and the RCS heat-up/cool-down display are designed to provide good visual indications to the operators on how well they are performing their task compared to their target ramp/heat-up/cool-down rate. The estimated time to limit display is designed to help operators restore levels or pressures before automatic or required manual actions are activated.

  12. U.S. ALMR prototype project plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ALMR Program, with its modular reactor design, has adopted a prototype project as the quickest and lowest cost approach to obtaining design certification. One nuclear island can be built for a fraction of the cost of a complete plant, and subjected to a series of tests to demonstrate safety characteristics. A non-safety related turbine island can then be added, permitting demonstration of the prototype as an electrical power producer, and permitting payback of funding required for construction and operation of the prototype. Based on the results of these tests, a standard plant design certification can be obtained assuring licensability of the commercial ALMR prior to utility commitment of resources for the first full size commercial plant. (author)

  13. Generalizing Prototype Theory: A Formal Quantum Framework

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diederik eAerts

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Theories of natural language and concepts have been unable to model the flexibility, creativity, context-dependence, and emergence, exhibited by words, concepts and their combinations. The mathematical formalism of quantum theory has instead been successful in capturing these phenomena such as graded membership, situational meaning, composition of categories, and also more complex decision making situations, which cannot be modeled in traditional probabilistic approaches. We show how a formal quantum approach to concepts and their combinations can provide a powerful extension of prototype theory. We explain how prototypes can interfere in conceptual combinations as a consequence of their contextual interactions, and provide an illustration of this using an intuitive wave-like diagram. This quantum-conceptual approach gives new life to original prototype theory, without however making it a privileged concept theory, as we explain at the end of our paper.

  14. Ceramic microfabrication by rapid prototyping process chains

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R Knitter; W Bauer

    2003-02-01

    Fabrication of micropatterned ceramics or ceramic microparts make high demands on the precision and resolution of the moulding process. As finishing of miniaturised or micropatterned ceramic components is nearly impossible, shaping has to be done by a replication step in the green, unfired state. To avoid high tooling costs in product development, a rapid prototyping process chain has been established that enables rapid manufacturing of ceramic microcomponents from functional models to small lot series within a short time. This process chain combines the fast and inexpensive supply of master models by rapid prototyping with accurate and flexible ceramic manufacturing by low-pressure injection moulding. Besides proper feedstock preparation and sufficient small grain size, the quality of the final components is mainly influenced by the quality of the master model. Hence, the rapid prototyping method must be carefully selected to meet the requirements of the component to be fabricated.

  15. Preliminary test results of LAr prototype detector

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Pei-Xian; Yang, Chang-Gen; Zhang, Peng; Liu, Jin-Chang; Zhang, Yong-Pen; Guo, Cong; Wang, Yi

    2016-01-01

    WIMPs are a well-motivated galactic dark matter candidate. Liquid argon (LAr) is an attractive target for the direct detection of WIMPs. The LAr prototype detector is designed to study the technology and property of LAr detector. The prototype detector have an active volume containing 0.65 kg of liquid argon. The liquid nitrogen(LN) cooling system allows the temperature of liquid argon to be maintained at the boiling point (87.8 K) with fluctuations less than 0.1 K. The prototype was calibrated with a Na$^{22}$ source, with the light yield 1.591$\\pm$0.019 p.e./keV for the 511 keV gamma rays using the domestic-made argon purification system.

  16. Performance of the SDHCAL technological prototype

    CERN Document Server

    Grenier, Gérald

    2016-01-01

    The SDHCAL technological prototype is a $1 \\times 1 \\times 1.3$~m$^3$ high-granularity Semi-Digital Hadronic CALorimeter using Glass Resistive Plate Chambers as sensitive medium. It is one of the two HCAL options considered by the ILD Collaboration to be proposed for the detector of the future International Linear Collider project. The prototype is made of up to 50 GRPC detectors of 1~m$^2$ size and 3~mm thickness each with an embedded semi-digital electronics readout that is autotriggering and power-pulsed. The GRPC readout is finely segmented into pads of 1~cm$^2$. This proceeding describes the prototype, its operation and its performance in energy reconstruction. Aspects of the GRPC readout modelling and comparisons with simulations are also presented.

  17. Performance studies of MRPC prototypes for CBM

    CERN Document Server

    Deppner, I; Frühauf, J; Kiš, M; Lyu, P; Loizeau, P -A; Shi, L; Simon, C; Wang, Y; Xie, B

    2016-01-01

    Multi-gap Resistive Plate Chambers (MRPCs) with multi-strip readout are considered to be the optimal detector candidate for the Time-of-Flight (ToF) wall in the Compressed Baryonic Matter (CBM) experiment. In the R&D phase MRPCs with different granularities, low-resistive materials and high voltage stack configurations were developed and tested. Here, we focus on two prototypes called HD-P2 and THU-strip, both with strips of 27 cm$^2$ length and low-resistive glass electrodes. The HD-P2 prototype has a single-stack configuration with 8 gaps while the THU-strip prototype is constructed in a double-stack configuration with 2 $\\times$ 4 gaps. The performance results of these counters in terms of efficiency and time resolution carried out in a test beam time with heavy-ion beam at GSI in 2014 are presented in this proceeding.

  18. HSI Prototypes for Human Systems Simulation Laboratory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes in detail the design and features of three Human System Interface (HSI) prototypes developed by the Institutt for Energiteknikk (IFE) in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program under Contract 128420 through Idaho National Laboratory (INL). The prototypes are implemented for the Generic Pressurized Water Reactor simulator and installed in the Human Systems Simulation Laboratory at INL. The three prototypes are: 1) Power Ramp display 2) RCS Heat-up and Cool-down display 3) Estimated time to limit display The power ramp display and the RCS heat-up/cool-down display are designed to provide good visual indications to the operators on how well they are performing their task compared to their target ramp/heat-up/cool-down rate. The estimated time to limit display is designed to help operators restore levels or pressures before automatic or required manual actions are activated.

  19. Generalizing Prototype Theory: A Formal Quantum Framework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aerts, Diederik; Broekaert, Jan; Gabora, Liane; Sozzo, Sandro

    2016-01-01

    Theories of natural language and concepts have been unable to model the flexibility, creativity, context-dependence, and emergence, exhibited by words, concepts and their combinations. The mathematical formalism of quantum theory has instead been successful in capturing these phenomena such as graded membership, situational meaning, composition of categories, and also more complex decision making situations, which cannot be modeled in traditional probabilistic approaches. We show how a formal quantum approach to concepts and their combinations can provide a powerful extension of prototype theory. We explain how prototypes can interfere in conceptual combinations as a consequence of their contextual interactions, and provide an illustration of this using an intuitive wave-like diagram. This quantum-conceptual approach gives new life to original prototype theory, without however making it a privileged concept theory, as we explain at the end of our paper. PMID:27065436

  20. An Improved Prototype Pattern Selection Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fang Xiuduan; Liu Binhan; Wang Weizhi

    2002-01-01

    The selection of prototype patterns plays a decisive part in the performance of synergetic neural network. Amongst the existing prototype pattern selection schemes, the learning algorithm based on information superposition presented by Wang[1] is the most efficient. However, it has a degree parameter greatly affecting the training process to be determined. To overcome this drawback, an improved algorithm is presented and discussed here. This approach makes use of Genetic Algorithm, a stochastic global search method, to search the global optimum of the unknown parameter in a small search space. Therefore, it converges fairly fast. The experimental results also demonstrate its effectivity.

  1. User prototypes as partly unconscious communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glasemann, Marie; Kanstrup, Anne Marie

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we introduce user prototypes as a technique that supports users’ articulation of emotions relevant for design: dreams, fears, motivations – their feelings and aspirations. Following Bateson’s writings about communication through art, we consider user prototypes as “partly unconscious...... communication” and propose to analyze them by focusing on the emotional articulations integrated in the users’ design language. We illustrate this with an example from a design research project on designing learning technology for young diabetics. The example shows how young people with diabetes can express...

  2. RK-TBA prototype RF source

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A prototype rf power source based on the Relativistic Klystron Two-Beam Accelerator (RK-TBA) concept is being constructed at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory to study physics, engineering, and costing issues. The prototype is described and compared to a full scale design appropriate for driving the Next Linear Collider (NLC). Specific details of the induction core tests and pulsed power system are presented. The 1-MeV, 1.2-kA induction gun currently under construction is also described in detail

  3. Design and Prototyping of Micro Centrifugal Compressor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shimpei Mizuki; Gaku Minorikawa; Toshiyuki Hirano; Yuichiro Asaga; Naoki Yamaguchi; Yutaka Ohta; Eisuke Outa

    2003-01-01

    In order to establish the design methodology of ultra micro centrifugal compressor, which is the most important component of ultra micro gas turbine unit, a 10 times of the final target size model was designed, prototyped and tested. The problems to be solved for downsizing were examined and 2-dimensional impeller was chosen as the first model due to its productivity. The conventional 1D prediction method, CFD and the inverse design were attempted. The prototyped compressor was driven by using a turbocharger and the performance characteristics were measured.

  4. Rapid Tooling Technique Based on Stereolithograph Prototype

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁浩; 狄平; 顾伟生; 朱世根

    2001-01-01

    Rapid tooling technique based on the sterelithograph prototype is investigated. The epoxy tooling technological process was elucidated. It is analyzed in detail that the epoxy resin formula is easy to cast, curing process, and release agents. The transitional plaster model is also proposed. The mold to encrust mutual.inductors with epoxy and mold to inject plastic soapboxes was made with the technique The tooling needs very little time and cost, for the process is only to achieve the nice replica of the prototype. It is benefit for the trial and small batch of production.

  5. Status of the AEI 10 m prototype

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The AEI 10 m prototype will be an ultra-low displacement noise facility consisting of an L-shaped ultra-high vacuum system with about 10 m long arms, excellent seismic isolation, a well-stabilized high power laser and other advanced interferometry techniques. In the first round of experiments an interferometer to measure at the standard quantum limit of classical interferometry will be set up. This paper describes the status of the AEI 10 m prototype and its individual sub-systems as of April 2012. (paper)

  6. Rapid Prototyping: Technologies, Materials and Advances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dudek P.

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In the context of product development, the term rapid prototyping (RP is widely used to describe technologies which create physical prototypes directly from digital data. Recently, this technology has become one of the fastest-growing methods of manufacturing parts. The paper provides brief notes on the creation of composites using RP methods, such as stereolithography, selective laser sintering or melting, laminated object modelling, fused deposition modelling or three-dimensional printing. The emphasis of this work is on the methodology of composite fabrication and the variety of materials used in these technologies.

  7. Analysis of RE4 Construction Cosmic Muon Test Data and Comparison with 2015 Collision Calibration Run Data for the Newly Installed RPC Chambers in the 4th Muon Endcap Station of the CMS Detector

    CERN Document Server

    Iqbal, Muhammad Ansar

    2015-01-01

    RPC are the heart of the muon system of CMS experiment at LHC, CERN. Recently a new endcap layer, RE4, was added to increase redundancy. These added chambers were tested during the construction period with cosmic muons in the 904 lab at Prevessin, CERN. This study analyzes the HV scan from those tests and compares them with the first 2015 collision data taken at Point-5. The analysis showed that most of the chambers were producing more than 90% efficiency and were in good agreement with the Point-5 results. Those which did not give good results were reported. Other variables like working point and maximum efficiency were also studied.

  8. Systems Prototyping with Fourth Generation Tools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sholtys, Phyllis

    1983-01-01

    The development of information systems using an engineering approach that uses both traditional programing techniques and fourth generation software tools is described. Fourth generation applications tools are used to quickly develop a prototype system that is revised as the user clarifies requirements. (MLW)

  9. Dynamic Prototypicality Effects in Visual Search

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kayaert, Greet; Op de Beeck, Hans P.; Wagemans, Johan

    2011-01-01

    In recent studies, researchers have discovered a larger neural activation for stimuli that are more extreme exemplars of their stimulus class, compared with stimuli that are more prototypical. This has been shown for faces as well as for familiar and novel shape classes. We used a visual search task to look for a behavioral correlate of these…

  10. Status of the CALICE AHCAL engineering prototype

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eldwan, Brianne [DESY (Germany); Collaboration: CALICE-D-Collaboration

    2015-07-01

    In the CALICE Collaboration are developed calorimeters for a future e{sup +}e{sup -} Linear Collider. One approach is called Particle Flow which requires highly granular calorimeters thus to achieve a jet energy resolution of 3-4%. The CALICE Collaboration is developing concepts and prototypes for Particle Flow optimized calorimeters with various readout technologies. The Analog Hadronic Calorimeter (AHCAL) is one of the concepts based on 3 x 3 cm{sup 2} scintillator tiles with Silicon Photomultipliers. The performance and suitability has been proven in the former physics prototype. The current focus of the second generation engineering prototype is on the full scalability of the detector. In 2014, two test beam periods happened at the PS at CERN, with an iron stack structure designed for the final detector (1 m{sup 3}) and 15 active layers (including 3 ScECAL layers). This talk focuses on the engineering prototype commissioning phase before testbeam, the monitoring of the calorimeter during data taking and a first look into the data taken at the PS.

  11. Prototype HL-LHC magnet undergoes testing

    CERN Multimedia

    Corinne Pralavorio

    2016-01-01

    A preliminary short prototype of the quadrupole magnets for the High-Luminosity LHC has passed its first tests.   The first short prototype of the quadrupole magnet for the High Luminosity LHC. (Photo: G. Ambrosio (US-LARP and Fermilab), P. Ferracin and E. Todesco (CERN TE-MSC)) Momentum is gathering behind the High-Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) project. In laboratories on either side of the Atlantic, a host of tests are being carried out on the various magnet models. In mid-March, a short prototype of the quadrupole magnet underwent its first testing phase at the Fermilab laboratory in the United States. This magnet is a pre-prototype of the quadrupole magnets that will be installed near to the ATLAS and CMS detectors to squeeze the beams before collisions. Six quadrupole magnets will be installed on each side of each experiment, giving a total of 24 magnets, and will replace the LHC's triplet magnets. Made of superconducting niobium-tin, the magnets will be more powerful than their p...

  12. Design data brochure: SIMS prototype system 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1977-12-01

    Information is provided on the design and performance of the IBM SIMS Prototype System 2, solar domestic hot water system, for single family residences. The document provides sufficient data to permit procurement, installation, operation, and maintenance by qualified architectural engineers or contractors.

  13. Full scale prototype laboratory for architecture students

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eekhout, A.C.J.M.; Van Swieten, P.M.J.

    2011-01-01

    Innovation in prefabrication with new technologies in product development of building components together with the important role materialization is playing in the education of architectural engineers and building technology designers are the main motifs for full scale material prototyping in the Ma

  14. Performance Evaluation of the Wavestar Prototype

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kramer, Morten; Marquis, Laurent; Frigaard, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Wave Star has produced and installed a test and demonstration Wave Energy Converter (WEC) by Roshage pier near Hanstholm at the west coast of Denmark. The test unit is a prototype test section of a complete commercial WEC. After an initial period of finalizing the installation and testing, the WE...

  15. Conceptual Design of a Prototype LSST Database

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nikolaev, S; Huber, M E; Cook, K H; Abdulla, G; Brase, J

    2004-10-07

    This document describes a preliminary design for Prototype LSST Database (LSST DB). They identify key components and data structures and provide an expandable conceptual schema for the database. The authors discuss the potential user applications and post-processing algorithm to interact with the database, and give a set of example queries.

  16. Prototype solar heating and cooling systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-01-01

    A collection of monthly status reports are given on the development of eight prototype solar heating and cooling systems. This effort calls for the development, manufacturing, test, system installation, maintenance, problem resolution, and performance evaluation. The systems are 3-, 25-, and 75-ton size units.

  17. Integral Measurement of Dipole Prototype of CSR

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The dipole prototype is C type used as bending magnet of the injection beam line in CSR, and acts as a model of the dipoles in the CSR main ring simultaneously. The designed relative uniformity of good field is 0.001 in 100 mm width. The results of the local distribution and transfunction at transverse profile measured

  18. Video prototype of the interactive operating theatre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2004-01-01

    Building capture and access (C&A) applications for use in the operation theatre differs greatly from C&A applications built to support other settings e.g. meeting rooms or classrooms. Based on field studies of surgical operations, this paper explores how to design C&A applications for the operation...... theatre. Based on the findings from our field work, we have built the ActiveTheatre, a C&A prototype. ActiveTheatre is built to support collaboration in and around the operating theatre, to capture events instead of automatically capturing eve- rything, and to be integrated with existing applications...... already present in the operation theatre. The ActiveTheatre prototype has been developed in close co- operation with surgeons and nurses at a local hospital. The work on the proto- type and our initial evaluations have provided an insight into how to design, capture and access applications that are going...

  19. Prototypical Consolidation Demonstration Project: Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the final report of the Prototypical Consolidation Demonstration Project, which was funded by the US Department of Energy's Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management. The project had two objectives: (a) to develop and demonstrate a prototype of production-scale equipment for the dry, horizontal consolidation and packaging of spent nuclear fuel rods from commercial boiling water reactor and pressurized water reactor fuel assemblies, and (b) to report the development and demonstration results to the US Department of Energy, Idaho Operations Office. This report summarizes the activities and conclusions of the project management contractor, EG ampersand G Idaho, Inc., and the fabrication and testing contractor, NUS Corporation (NUS). The report also presents EG ampersand G Idaho's assessments of the equipment and procedures developed by NUS

  20. A prototype radonmeter for seismic surveillance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Porfidia

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available A new 222Rn monitoring prototype has been designed, assembled and tested at the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica (ING specifically addressed to seismic surveillance tasks, exploiting environmental monitoring, etc. It operates with an a scintillation technique (photomultiplier + Lucas Cell coupled with a water input system, that lets continuous dehumidified gas flow, stripped from groundwater under monitoring. Several laboratory tests have been carried out to check the stability and versatility of the system; moreover statistical tests have been accomplished on several data sets obtained with an 241Am radioactive standard source, to check stability of the photomultiplier. A customised water flow system has been developed to perform both the highest efficiency and lowest influence of external noise parameters. This new prototype is very cheap and will be integrated within the new multiparametric geochemical monitoring system GMS II, that is currently being developed at ING, specifically designed for geochemical surveillance of seismic events.

  1. Laser prototyping of printed circuit boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nowak, M. R.; Antończak, A. J.; Kozioł, P. E.; Abramski, K. M.

    2013-09-01

    This paper describes the application of laser micromachining to rapid prototyping of printed circuit boards (PCB) using nano-second lasers: the solid-state Nd:YAG (532/1064 nm) laser and the Yb:glass fiber laser (1060 nm). Our investigations included tests for various mask types (synthetic lacquer, light-sensitive emulsion and tin). The purpose of these tests was to determine some of the basic parameters such as the resolution of PCB prototyping, speed of processing and quality of PCB mapping with commonly available laser systems. Optimization of process parameters and the proposed conversion algorithm have allowed us to produce circuit boards with a resolution similar to that of the Laser Direct Imaging (LDI) technology.

  2. The LUX prototype detector: Heat exchanger development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The LUX (large underground xenon) detector is a two-phase xenon time projection chamber (TPC) designed to search for WIMP–nucleon dark matter interactions. As with all noble element detectors, continuous purification of the detector medium is essential to produce a large (>1ms) electron lifetime; this is necessary for efficient measurement of the electron signal which in turn is essential for achieving robust discrimination of signal from background events. In this paper, we describe the development of a novel purification system deployed in a prototype detector. The results from the operation of this prototype indicated heat exchange with an efficiency above 94% up to a flow rate of 42 slpm, allowing for an electron drift length greater than 1 m to be achieved in approximately 2 days and sustained for the duration of the testing period

  3. Fermilab site-fillers as CAMEL prototypes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At Snowmass, beam energies greater than about 10 TeV dominated the intellectual efforts related to hadron-hadron colliders. The anticipated cost and scope of these machines spurred the search for cost-cutting innovations and for a suitable site, perhaps in the southwestern desert. (Given its probable location and method of design, CAMEL seems an appropriate acronym for such a facility.) A prototype of more modest time-scale, cost, and energy is needed to bridge the physics gap until completion of CAMEL and to establish the feasibility of various proposed technologies. Building a prototype at Fermilab would reduce its cost, speed its completion, and improve its performance by taking advantage of existing real estate and expertise and by exploiting fully the potential capabilities of existing facilities (injectors, antiproton accumulator, etc.). The design and expected performance of various Fermilab site-filling (R = 2.4 km) antiproton-proton colliders are discussed. Other options are also described

  4. Mechatronic Prototype of Parabolic Solar Tracker.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morón, Carlos; Díaz, Jorge Pablo; Ferrández, Daniel; Ramos, Mari Paz

    2016-01-01

    In the last 30 years numerous attempts have been made to improve the efficiency of the parabolic collectors in the electric power production, although most of the studies have focused on the industrial production of thermoelectric power. This research focuses on the application of this concentrating solar thermal power in the unexplored field of building construction. To that end, a mechatronic prototype of a hybrid paraboloidal and cylindrical-parabolic tracker based on the Arduido technology has been designed. The prototype is able to measure meteorological data autonomously in order to quantify the energy potential of any location. In this way, it is possible to reliably model real commercial equipment behavior before its deployment in buildings and single family houses. PMID:27314359

  5. Aging studies of CMS muon chamber prototypes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aging of CMS muon cathode strip chamber prototypes under sustained irradiation was studied. The tests were performed with three prototypes of different gas seal designs and with three gas mixtures Ar(30%)+CO2(50%)+CF4(20%), Ar(30%)+CO2(70%) and Ar(40%)+CO2(50%)+CF4(10%). The CF4-containing mixtures showed no or little aging for an overall accumulated charge per unit of wire length in excess of 13 C/cm. In comparison, the performance deterioration in the Ar-CO2 mixture proved to be very dramatic: the gas gain falls by a factor of 2 for each 0.25 C/cm of accumulated charge

  6. Fresnel Interferometric Imager: ground-based prototype

    CERN Document Server

    Serre, Denis; Koechlin, Laurent

    2009-01-01

    The Fresnel Interferometric Imager is a space-based astronomical telescope project yielding milli-arc second angular resolution and high contrast images with loose manufacturing constraints. This optical concept involves diffractive focusing and formation flying: a first "primary optics" space module holds a large binary Fresnel Array, and a second "focal module" holds optical elements and focal instruments that allow for chromatic dispersion correction. We have designed a reduced-size Fresnel Interferometric Imager prototype and made optical tests in our lab, in order to validate the concept for future space missions. The Primary module of this prototype consists of a square, 8 cm side, 23 m focal length Fresnel array. The focal module is composed of a diaphragmed small telescope used as "field lens", a small cophased diverging Fresnel Zone Lens (FZL) that cancels the dispersion and a detector. An additional module collimates the artificial targets of various shapes, sizes and dynamic ranges to be imaged. In...

  7. Regional adaptive delaminating algorithm for rapid prototyping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAI Daosheng; SHI Yusheng; HUANG Shuhuai

    2005-01-01

    With the development of rapid prototyping (RP) technology, the contradiction between fabricating speed and precision becomes more and more acute. In order to solve the contradiction, a regional effective adaptive delaminating algorithm is proposed in this paper. It is different from the traditional method that the regional adaptive delaminating method divides slicing contours into several regions and adaptively delaminates in respective region only according to the contours information. Namely, this method can not only adaptively delaminate at different height of CAD model but also adaptively delaminate different regions in one slicing layer. Furthermore, because the two-dimensional contour data adopted in this method are necessary for rapid prototyping system, this regional effective adaptive delaminating method is suitable for all RP systems. A comparative study is used to analyze the effectiveness of this method, which can demonstrate that this method can increase the fabricating speed and reduce the running cost under the condition of ensuring fabricating precision.

  8. Prototype-based models in machine learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biehl, Michael; Hammer, Barbara; Villmann, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    An overview is given of prototype-based models in machine learning. In this framework, observations, i.e., data, are stored in terms of typical representatives. Together with a suitable measure of similarity, the systems can be employed in the context of unsupervised and supervised analysis of potentially high-dimensional, complex datasets. We discuss basic schemes of competitive vector quantization as well as the so-called neural gas approach and Kohonen's topology-preserving self-organizing map. Supervised learning in prototype systems is exemplified in terms of learning vector quantization. Most frequently, the familiar Euclidean distance serves as a dissimilarity measure. We present extensions of the framework to nonstandard measures and give an introduction to the use of adaptive distances in relevance learning. PMID:26800334

  9. SIMS Prototype System 4: design data brochure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-08-01

    A pre-package prototype unit is described having domestic hot water and room solar heating capability that uses air as the collector fluid. This system is designed to be used with a small single-family dwelling where a roof mounted collector array is not feasible. The prototype unit is an assembly containing 203 square feet of effective collector surface with 113 cubic feet of rock storage. The design of structure and storage is modular, which permits expansion and reduction of the collector array and storage bed in 68 square feet and 37 cubic feet increments respectively. The system is designed to be transportable. This permitted assembly and certification testing in one area and installation in another area without tear down and reassembly. Design, installation, operation, performance and maintenance of this system are described.

  10. AA Prototype-Quadrupole on Measurement Stand

    CERN Multimedia

    1978-01-01

    The very particular lattice of the AA required 2 types of quadrupoles: narrow ones (QFN, QDN) and wide ones (QFW, QDW). The wide ones, although not very long (steel length 0.54 m), had an unusually large aperture of 0.75 m in width, 0.68 m "good field". A prototype was built in 1978. Here we see it on its test stand, with Ray Brown positioning the measurement coil.

  11. Prototype ALICE front-end card

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2004-01-01

    This circuit board is a prototype 48-channel front end digitizer card for the ALICE time projection chamber (TPC), which takes electrical signals from the wire sensors in the TPC and shapes the data before converting the analogue signal to digital data. A total of 4356 cards will be required to process the data from the ALICE TPC, the largest of this type of detector in the world.

  12. Rapid prototyping technologies in prosthetic dentistry

    OpenAIRE

    YILDIRIM, Arş. Gör. Dt. Melike Pınar; BAYINDIR, Prof. Dr. Funda

    2013-01-01

    Emerged as the concept of rapid prototyping technology, nowadays, is seen as the future of quick and direct production. This technology found applications with metal framework of fixed partial dentures, framework of removable partial dentures, facial protheses and titanium implants in prosthetic dentistry. The virtual image of the restoration is tranferred to the computer and the laser beam is sintered the selected areas on the alloy powders and the restoration is produced layer by layer at s...

  13. AA Prototype-Quadrupole on Measurement Stand

    CERN Multimedia

    1979-01-01

    The very particular lattice of the AA required 2 types of quadrupoles: narrow ones (QFN, QDN) and wide ones (QFW, QDW). The wide ones, although rather short (steel length 0.54 m), had an unusually large aperture of 0.75 m in width, 0.68 m "good field". A prototype was built at CERN in 1978. Here we see it on its test stand, with a measurement coil inserted, Brian Pincott taking readings.

  14. Prototype storage cavity for LEP accelerating RF

    CERN Multimedia

    1980-01-01

    The principle of an RF storage cavity was demonstrated with this prototype, working at 500 MHz. Ian Wilso seems to hold it in his hands. The storage cavities had 4 portholes, 1 each for: RF feed; tuning; connection to the accelerating cavity; vacuum pump. The final storage cavities were larger, to suit the lower LEP accelerating frequency of 352.2 MHz. See also 8002294, 8006510X, 8109346, 8407619X, and Annual Report 1980, p.115.

  15. JUNO Central Detector and its prototyping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhimin

    2016-05-01

    JUNO is a multi-purpose underground liquid scintillator experiment; its R&D and civil construction all are in progress. During this July, 2015, JUNO collaboration selects the acrylic option as central detector (CD) scheme. The R&D progress of support point structure and acrylic panel of CD acrylic option all are in good shape. At the same time, a prototype detector of JUNO is designed and under construction, the goal is mainly to study different PMTs, background, electronics etc.

  16. Paper Prototyping a Social Mobile Service

    OpenAIRE

    Rudström, Åsa; Cöster, Rickard; Höök, Kristina; Svensson, Martin

    2003-01-01

    Methods for design and evaluation of interactive applications are not readily applicable to mobile services. By modifying an existing paper prototyping method we evaluated a mobile social service for providing user-based tips in a shopping mall. The evaluation showed that tips can be pushed to users and that they can accept that a complex user interface is presented on a small screen. Although the evaluation took place in an office environment, we received feedback on functionality of the ser...

  17. E-Commerce: Study, Development and Prototyping

    OpenAIRE

    Ing. María Lucía Rodríguez; Ing. M.Sc. Eustaquio Alcides Martínez Jara

    2016-01-01

    This project was a study of the development of an electronic commerce in Paraguay, tracking laws and regulatory decrees formulated by the technical agencies. As a result, a prototype is developed, which reproduces the steps to follow in a web-based e-commerce transaction using fictitious credit cards as payment method. A particular digital certificate created for testing purposes was used, performing secure connection via https protocol and the digital certificate issued by the En...

  18. Research of MMW radiometer virtual prototyping technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fan Qinghui; Li Xingguo; Zhang Guangfeng

    2008-01-01

    The idea of millimeter-wave (MMW) radiometer virtual prototyping is discussed in this paper. Designing en-vironment, designing method and the main modeling components of virtual MMW radiometer are researched. Important external parameters, which have significant influence to composing system, are used to components modeling, and then components are taken to buildup virtual MMW radiometer system. Moreover, the effect to output is contrasted whether there is a low-noise amplifier or not.

  19. A Prototype Digital Image Management System

    OpenAIRE

    Dwyer, Samuel J.; Templeton, Arch W.; Anderson, William H.; Tarlton, Mark A.; Hensley, Kenneth S.; Lee, Kyo Rak; Batnitzky, Solomon; Rosenthal, Stanton J.; Johnson, Joy A.; Preston, David F.

    1983-01-01

    A prototype digital image management system has been designed, implemented and is being evaluated by our department. The system satisfies two major requirements: (a) an on-line access, rapid response microcomputer network providing 9 day archiving of digital data; (b) a long-term, low demand archiving system. This paper provides an estimate of the cost of the system, the potential cost-savings, and identifies the digital data throughput using the Ethernet communications protocol.

  20. Fast radio flashes observed with LOFAR prototypes

    OpenAIRE

    Nigl, A.

    2008-01-01

    This thesis consists of a detailed analysis of several observations with prototype stations of the Low Frequency Array (LOFAR). Chapter 1 introduces the field of radio astronomy, briefly describes the radio telescopes which were used and discusses radio frequency interference (RFI) and important tools for signal processing. Chapter 2 describes observations of Jupiter radio bursts, which were analyzed for propagation effects and cross-correlated with simultaneous observations of the Nançay Dec...

  1. Rapid Prototyping Platform For Reconfigurable Image Processing

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kovář, Bohumil; Kloub, Jan; Schier, Jan; Heřmánek, Antonín

    Praha: Humusoft, 2008, s. 62-62. ISBN 978-80-7080-692-0. [Technical Computing Prague 2008 /16./. Praha (CZ), 11.11.2008-11.11.2008] R&D Projects: GA AV ČR 1ET400750408 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10750506 Keywords : reconfiguration * image processing * FPGA * DSP Subject RIV: JC - Computer Hardware ; Software http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2008/ZS/kovar-rapid prototyping platform for reconfigurable image processing.pdf

  2. Test results of a prototype dielectric microcalorimeter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfafman, T. E.; Silver, E.; Labov, S.; Beeman, J.; Goulding, F.; Hansen, W.; Landis, D.; Madden, N.

    1990-01-01

    The initial development work on a dielectric microcalorimeter is presented. It focuses on the dielectric properties of the ferroelectric material KTa(1-x)Nb(x)O3 (KTN). Measurements of the temperature dependent dielectric constant are given together with the first alpha particle detection results from a prototype composite microcalorimeter operating at 1.3 K. A nonthermal mechanism for detecting 6 MeV alpha particles in a monolithic KTN sample is also reported.

  3. DOE`s annealing prototype demonstration projects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Warren, J.; Nakos, J.; Rochau, G.

    1997-02-01

    One of the challenges U.S. utilities face in addressing technical issues associated with the aging of nuclear power plants is the long-term effect of plant operation on reactor pressure vessels (RPVs). As a nuclear plant operates, its RPV is exposed to neutrons. For certain plants, this neutron exposure can cause embrittlement of some of the RPV welds which can shorten the useful life of the RPV. This RPV embrittlement issue has the potential to affect the continued operation of a number of operating U.S. pressurized water reactor (PWR) plants. However, RPV material properties affected by long-term irradiation are recoverable through a thermal annealing treatment of the RPV. Although a dozen Russian-designed RPVs and several U.S. military vessels have been successfully annealed, U.S. utilities have stated that a successful annealing demonstration of a U.S. RPV is a prerequisite for annealing a licensed U.S. nuclear power plant. In May 1995, the Department of Energy`s Sandia National Laboratories awarded two cost-shared contracts to evaluate the feasibility of annealing U.S. licensed plants by conducting an anneal of an installed RPV using two different heating technologies. The contracts were awarded to the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Center for Research and Technology Development (CRTD) and MPR Associates (MPR). The ASME team completed its annealing prototype demonstration in July 1996, using an indirect gas furnace at the uncompleted Public Service of Indiana`s Marble Hill nuclear power plant. The MPR team`s annealing prototype demonstration was scheduled to be completed in early 1997, using a direct heat electrical furnace at the uncompleted Consumers Power Company`s nuclear power plant at Midland, Michigan. This paper describes the Department`s annealing prototype demonstration goals and objectives; the tasks, deliverables, and results to date for each annealing prototype demonstration; and the remaining annealing technology challenges.

  4. A prototype piecewise-linear dynamic attenuator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsieh, Scott S; Peng, Mark V; May, Christopher A; Shunhavanich, Picha; Fleischmann, Dominik; Pelc, Norbert J

    2016-07-01

    The piecewise-linear dynamic attenuator has been proposed as a mechanism in CT scanning for personalizing the x-ray illumination on a patient- and application-specific basis. Previous simulations have shown benefits in image quality, scatter, and dose objectives. We report on the first prototype implementation. This prototype is reduced in scale and speed and is integrated into a tabletop CT system with a smaller field of view (25 cm) and longer scan time (42 s) compared to a clinical system. Stainless steel wedges were machined and affixed to linear actuators, which were in turn held secure by a frame built using rapid prototyping technologies. The actuators were computer-controlled, with characteristic noise of about 100 microns. Simulations suggest that in a clinical setting, the impact of actuator noise could lead to artifacts of only 1 HU. Ring artifacts were minimized by careful design of the wedges. A water beam hardening correction was applied and the scan was collimated to reduce scatter. We scanned a 16 cm water cylinder phantom as well as an anthropomorphic pediatric phantom. The artifacts present in reconstructed images are comparable to artifacts normally seen with this tabletop system. Compared to a flat-field reference scan, increased detectability at reduced dose is shown and streaking is reduced. Artifacts are modest in our images and further refinement is possible. Issues of mechanical speed and stability in the challenging clinical CT environment will be addressed in a future design. PMID:27284705

  5. A prototype piecewise-linear dynamic attenuator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsieh, Scott S.; Peng, Mark V.; May, Christopher A.; Shunhavanich, Picha; Fleischmann, Dominik; Pelc, Norbert J.

    2016-07-01

    The piecewise-linear dynamic attenuator has been proposed as a mechanism in CT scanning for personalizing the x-ray illumination on a patient- and application-specific basis. Previous simulations have shown benefits in image quality, scatter, and dose objectives. We report on the first prototype implementation. This prototype is reduced in scale and speed and is integrated into a tabletop CT system with a smaller field of view (25 cm) and longer scan time (42 s) compared to a clinical system. Stainless steel wedges were machined and affixed to linear actuators, which were in turn held secure by a frame built using rapid prototyping technologies. The actuators were computer-controlled, with characteristic noise of about 100 microns. Simulations suggest that in a clinical setting, the impact of actuator noise could lead to artifacts of only 1 HU. Ring artifacts were minimized by careful design of the wedges. A water beam hardening correction was applied and the scan was collimated to reduce scatter. We scanned a 16 cm water cylinder phantom as well as an anthropomorphic pediatric phantom. The artifacts present in reconstructed images are comparable to artifacts normally seen with this tabletop system. Compared to a flat-field reference scan, increased detectability at reduced dose is shown and streaking is reduced. Artifacts are modest in our images and further refinement is possible. Issues of mechanical speed and stability in the challenging clinical CT environment will be addressed in a future design.

  6. Prototyping Cognitive Prosthetics for People with Dementia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, Richard; Nugent, Chris D.; Donnelly, Mark

    In the COGKNOW project, a cognitive prosthetic has been developed through the application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT)-based services to address the unmet needs and demands of persons with dementia. The primary aim of the developed solution was to offer guidance with conducting everyday activities for persons with dementia. To encourage a user-centred design process, a three-phased methodology was introduced to facilitate cyclical prototype development. At each phase, user input was used to guide the future development. As a prerequisite to the first phase of development, user requirements were gathered to identify a small set of functional requirements from which a number of services were identified. Following implementation of these initial services, the prototype was evaluated on a cohort of users and, through observing their experiences and recording their feedback, the design was refined and the prototype redeveloped to include a number of additional services in the second phase. The current chapter provides an overview of the services designed and developed in the first two phases.

  7. Developing IEC prototypes for adolescents. IEC workshop.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    Participants of the IEC Workshop for the Production of OHP Material on Reproductive Health for Adolescents and Young Adults held November 25-30 in Japan developed innovative, visually appealing overhead projector (OHP) transparencies to serve as prototype information, education, and communication (IEC) materials for the Asian Region. The materials cover a wide range of topics from early marriage to unwanted pregnancy. This paper briefly describes the prototypes. One group focused upon early marriage, an issue of considerable importance to the health and welfare of young women in countries such as Bhutan, India, and Nepal. Participants from China, Laos, Malaysia, and Thailand focused upon the issue of gender equality, while a third group developed OHP material to teach a range of issues related to young people's sexual and reproductive health. Finally, the fourth group, drawn from Indonesia, the Philippines, and Vietnam, focused upon the topic of menstruation with a prototype targeted to boys and girls aged 9-14 years. Boys were included to foster their understanding of menstruation as a natural phenomenon. PMID:12292051

  8. The AEI 10 m prototype interferometer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gossler, S; Bertolini, A; Born, M; Dahl, K; Kranz, O; Lueck, H; Schnabel, R; Wanner, A; Westphal, T [Leibniz Universitaet Hannover, D-30167 Hannover (Germany); Chen, Y; Somiya, K [California Institute of Technology, Theoretical Astrophysics 130-33, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Gering, D; Graef, C; Heinzel, G; Kawazoe, F; Kuehn, G; Mossavi, K; Taylor, J R [Albert-Einstein-Institut, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Gravitationsphysik, D-30167 Hannover (Germany); Hild, S; Strain, K A, E-mail: stefan.gossler@aei.mpg.d [University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ (United Kingdom)

    2010-04-21

    A 10 m prototype interferometer facility is currently being set up at the AEI in Hannover, Germany. The prototype interferometer will be housed inside a 100 m{sup 3} ultra-high vacuum envelope. Seismically isolated optical tables inside the vacuum system will be interferometrically interconnected via a suspension platform interferometer. Advanced isolation techniques will be used, such as inverted pendulums and geometrical anti-spring filters in combination with multiple-cascaded pendulum suspensions, containing an all-silica monolithic last stage. The light source is a 35 W Nd:YAG laser, geometrically filtered by passing it through a photonic crystal fibre and a rigid pre-modecleaner cavity. Laser frequency stabilisation will be achieved with the aid of a high finesse suspended reference cavity in conjunction with a molecular iodine reference. Coating thermal noise will be reduced by the use of Khalili cavities as compound end mirrors. Data acquisition and control of the experiments is based on the AdvLIGO digital control and data system. The aim of the project is to test advanced techniques for GEO 600 as well as to conduct experiments in macroscopic quantum mechanics. Reaching standard quantum-limit sensitivity for an interferometer with 100 g mirrors and subsequently breaching this limit, features most prominently among these experiments. In this paper we present the layout and current status of the AEI 10 m Prototype Interferometer project.

  9. The AEI 10 m prototype interferometer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 10 m prototype interferometer facility is currently being set up at the AEI in Hannover, Germany. The prototype interferometer will be housed inside a 100 m3 ultra-high vacuum envelope. Seismically isolated optical tables inside the vacuum system will be interferometrically interconnected via a suspension platform interferometer. Advanced isolation techniques will be used, such as inverted pendulums and geometrical anti-spring filters in combination with multiple-cascaded pendulum suspensions, containing an all-silica monolithic last stage. The light source is a 35 W Nd:YAG laser, geometrically filtered by passing it through a photonic crystal fibre and a rigid pre-modecleaner cavity. Laser frequency stabilisation will be achieved with the aid of a high finesse suspended reference cavity in conjunction with a molecular iodine reference. Coating thermal noise will be reduced by the use of Khalili cavities as compound end mirrors. Data acquisition and control of the experiments is based on the AdvLIGO digital control and data system. The aim of the project is to test advanced techniques for GEO 600 as well as to conduct experiments in macroscopic quantum mechanics. Reaching standard quantum-limit sensitivity for an interferometer with 100 g mirrors and subsequently breaching this limit, features most prominently among these experiments. In this paper we present the layout and current status of the AEI 10 m Prototype Interferometer project.

  10. ITER prototype fast plant system controller

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ITER CODAC Design identified the need for slow and fast control plant systems, based respectively on industrial automation technology with maximum sampling rates below 100 Hz, and on embedded technology with higher sampling rates and more stringent real-time requirements. The fast system is applicable to diagnostics and plant systems in closed-control loops whose cycle times are below 1 ms. Fast controllers will be dedicated industrial controllers with the ability to supervise other fast and/or slow controllers, interface to actuators and sensors and high performance networks (HPN). This contribution presents the engineering design of two prototypes of a fast plant system controller (FPSC), specialized for data acquisition, constrained by ITER technological choices. This prototyping activity contributes to the Plant Control Design Handbook (PCDH) effort of standardization, specifically regarding fast controller characteristics. The prototypes will be built using two different form factors, PXIe and ATCA, with the aim of comparing the implementations. The presented solution took into consideration channel density, synchronization, resolution, sampling rates and the needs for signal conditioning such as filtering and galvanic isolation. The integration of the two controllers in the standard CODAC environment is also presented and discussed. Both controllers contain an EPICS IOC providing the interface to the mini-CODAC which will be used for all testing activities. The alpha version of the FPSC is also presented.

  11. Sleeve Muscle Actuator: Concept and Prototype Demonstration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tad Driver; Xiangrong Shen

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents the concept and prototype demonstration results of a new sleeve muscle actuator,which provides a significantly improved performance through a fundamental structural change to the traditional pneumatic muscle.Specifically,the sleeve muscle incorporates a cylindrical insert to the center of the pneumatic muscle,and thus eliminates the central portion of the intemal volume.Through the analysis of the actuation mechanism,it is shown that the sleeve muscle is able to provide a consistent increase of force capacity over the entire range of motion.Furthermore,the sleeve muscle provides a significant energy saving effect,as a result of the reduced internal volume as well as the enhance force capacity.To demonstrate this new concept,a sleeve muscle prototype was designed and fabricated.Experiments conducted on the prototype verified the improvement in the force capacity and demonstrated a significant energy saving effect (20%-37%).Finally,as the future work on this new concept,the paper presents a new robotic elbow design actuated with the proposed sleeve muscle.This unique design is expected to provide a highly compact and powerful actuation approach for robotic systems.

  12. ITER prototype fast plant system controller

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goncalves, B., E-mail: bruno@ipfn.ist.utl.pt [Instituto de Plasmas e Fusao Nuclear - Laboratorio Associado, Instituto Superior Tecnico, P-1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Sousa, J.; Carvalho, B.B.; Rodrigues, A.P.; Correia, M.; Batista, A. [Instituto de Plasmas e Fusao Nuclear - Laboratorio Associado, Instituto Superior Tecnico, P-1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Vega, J. [Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas, CIEMAT, Av. Complutense, Madrid (Spain); Ruiz, M.; Lopez, J.M. [Grupo de Investigacion en Instrumentacion y Acustica Aplicada, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (Spain); Castro, R. [Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas, CIEMAT, Av. Complutense, Madrid (Spain); Wallander, A.; Utzel, N.; Makijarvi, P.; Simrock, S. [ITER Organization, CS 90 046, 13067 St. Paul lez Durance Cedex (France); Neto, A.; Alves, D.; Valcarcel, D.F. [Instituto de Plasmas e Fusao Nuclear - Laboratorio Associado, Instituto Superior Tecnico, P-1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Lousa, P.; Piedade, F.; Fernandes, L. [INOV, Lisbon (Portugal)

    2011-10-15

    ITER CODAC Design identified the need for slow and fast control plant systems, based respectively on industrial automation technology with maximum sampling rates below 100 Hz, and on embedded technology with higher sampling rates and more stringent real-time requirements. The fast system is applicable to diagnostics and plant systems in closed-control loops whose cycle times are below 1 ms. Fast controllers will be dedicated industrial controllers with the ability to supervise other fast and/or slow controllers, interface to actuators and sensors and high performance networks (HPN). This contribution presents the engineering design of two prototypes of a fast plant system controller (FPSC), specialized for data acquisition, constrained by ITER technological choices. This prototyping activity contributes to the Plant Control Design Handbook (PCDH) effort of standardization, specifically regarding fast controller characteristics. The prototypes will be built using two different form factors, PXIe and ATCA, with the aim of comparing the implementations. The presented solution took into consideration channel density, synchronization, resolution, sampling rates and the needs for signal conditioning such as filtering and galvanic isolation. The integration of the two controllers in the standard CODAC environment is also presented and discussed. Both controllers contain an EPICS IOC providing the interface to the mini-CODAC which will be used for all testing activities. The alpha version of the FPSC is also presented.

  13. AdaNET prototype library administration manual

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanley, Lionel

    1989-01-01

    The functions of the AdaNET Prototype Library of Reusable Software Parts is described. Adopted from the Navy Research Laboratory's Reusability Guidebook (V.5.0), this is a working document, customized for use the the AdaNET Project. Within this document, the term part is used to denote the smallest unit controlled by a library and retrievable from it. A part may have several constituents, which may not be individually tracked. Presented are the types of parts which may be stored in the library and the relationships among those parts; a concept of trust indicators which provide measures of confidence that a user of a previously developed part may reasonably apply to a part for a new application; search and retrieval, configuration management, and communications among those who interact with the AdaNET Prototype Library; and the AdaNET Prototype, described from the perspective of its three major users: the part reuser and retriever, the part submitter, and the librarian and/or administrator.

  14. Prototype system to manage data on coloproctology surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Huei Diana Lee; Wilson Jung; Adrieli Cristina da Silva; Luiz Henrique Dutra da Costa; Bianca Espindola; Cláudio saddy Rodrigues Coy; João José Fagundes; Feng Chung Wu

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To develop a prototype system to manage data on coloproctology surgery, aiming at Data Quality (DQ) and the adoption of a DQ monitoring process, which is nonexistent in most biomedical systems. METHODS: The construction of the prototype was separated into five steps: analysis of an existing system (legacy), the analysis of requirements and specifications for the new prototype, the development of the model, definition of technologies and the development of a prototype. RESULTS: The ...

  15. Prototype Theory Based Feature Representation for PolSAR Images

    OpenAIRE

    Huang Xiaojing; Yang Xiangli; Huang Pingping; Yang Wen

    2016-01-01

    This study presents a new feature representation approach for Polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar (PolSAR) image based on prototype theory. First, multiple prototype sets are generated using prototype theory. Then, regularized logistic regression is used to predict similarities between a test sample and each prototype set. Finally, the PolSAR image feature representation is obtained by ensemble projection. Experimental results of an unsupervised classification of PolSAR images show that our...

  16. RPC operation at high temperature

    CERN Document Server

    Aielli, G; Cardarelli, R; Di Ciaccio, A; Di Stante, L; Liberti, B; Paoloni, A; Pastori, E; Santonico, R

    2003-01-01

    The resistive electrodes of RPCs utilised in several current experiments (ATLAS, CMS, ALICE, BABAR and ARGO) are made of phenolic /melaminic polymers, with room temperature resistivities ranging from 10**1**0 Omega cm, for high rate operation in avalanche mode, to 5 multiplied by 10**1**1 Omega cm, for streamer mode operation at low rate. The resistivity has however a strong temperature dependence, decreasing exponentially with increasing temperature. We have tested several RPCs with different electrode resistivities in avalanche as well as in streamer mode operation. The behaviours of the operating current and of the counting rate have been studied at different temperatures. Long-term operation has also been studied at T = 45 degree C and 35 degree C, respectively, for high and low resistivity electrodes RPCs.

  17. RPC understanding and future perspectives

    CERN Document Server

    Santonico, R

    2004-01-01

    The understanding of the long-term behavior of the RPCs developed as dedicated muon trigger detectors at LHC and presently in construction, is analyzed. The main aging mechanisms are reviewed. The gas contamination by the hydrofluoric acid is analyzed as a possible aging cause and a method for measuring the fluorine concentration in the exhaust gas is described. Finally, the use of RPCs for the detection of Cosmic Ray Extensive Air Showers and their imaging capabilities are briefly discussed.

  18. 46 CFR 161.013-11 - Prototype test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Prototype test. 161.013-11 Section 161.013-11 Shipping...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT Electric Distress Light for Boats § 161.013-11 Prototype test. (a) Each manufacturer must test a prototype light identical to the lights to be certified prior...

  19. Mobile robot prototype detector of gamma radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper the technological development of a mobile robot prototype detector of gamma radiation is shown. This prototype has been developed for the purpose of algorithms implementation for the applications of terrestrial radiation monitoring of exposed sources, search for missing radioactive sources, identification and delineation of radioactive contamination areas and distribution maps generating of radioactive exposure. Mobile robot detector of radiation is an experimental technology development platform to operate in laboratory environment or flat floor facilities. The prototype integrates a driving section of differential configuration robot on wheels, a support mechanism and rotation of shielded detector, actuator controller cards, acquisition and processing of sensor data, detection algorithms programming and control actuators, data recording (Data Logger) and data transmission in wireless way. The robot in this first phase is remotely operated in wireless way with a range of approximately 150 m line of sight and can extend that range to 300 m or more with the use of signal repeaters. The gamma radiation detection is performed using a Geiger detector shielded. Scan detection is performed at various time sampling periods and diverse positions of discrete or continuous angular orientation on the horizon. The captured data are geographical coordinates of robot GPS (latitude and longitude), orientation angle of shield, counting by sampling time, date, hours, minutes and seconds. The data is saved in a file in the Micro Sd memory on the robot. They are also sent in wireless way by an X Bee card to a remote station that receives for their online monitoring on a laptop through an acquisition program by serial port on Mat Lab. Additionally a voice synthesizing card with a horn, both in the robot, periodically pronounced in Spanish, data length, latitude, orientation angle of shield and detected accounts. (Author)

  20. Prototype dining hall energy efficiency study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mazzucchi, R.P.; Bailey, S.A.; Zimmerman, P.W.

    1988-06-01

    The energy consumption of food service facilities is among the highest of any commercial building type, owing to the special requirements for food preparation, sanitation, and ventilation. Consequently, the US Air Force Engineering and Services Center (AFESC) contracted with Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) to collect and analyze end-use energy consumption data for a prototypical dining hall and make specific recommendations on cost-effective energy conservation options. This information will be used to establish or update criteria for dining hall designs and retrofits as appropriate. 6 refs., 21 figs., 23 tabs.

  1. E-Commerce: Study, Development and Prototyping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ing. María Lucía Rodríguez

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This project was a study of the development of an electronic commerce in Paraguay, tracking laws and regulatory decrees formulated by the technical agencies. As a result, a prototype is developed, which reproduces the steps to follow in a web-based e-commerce transaction using fictitious credit cards as payment method. A particular digital certificate created for testing purposes was used, performing secure connection via https protocol and the digital certificate issued by the Enforcement Authority and the Ministry of Industry and Trade. The results were obtained through the measurement of the database log, matching planned rules for transactions with the results obtained.

  2. Printing and Prototyping of Tissues and Scaffolds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derby, Brian

    2012-11-01

    New manufacturing technologies under the banner of rapid prototyping enable the fabrication of structures close in architecture to biological tissue. In their simplest form, these technologies allow the manufacture of scaffolds upon which cells can grow for later implantation into the body. A more exciting prospect is the printing and patterning in three dimensions of all the components that make up a tissue (cells and matrix materials) to generate structures analogous to tissues; this has been termed bioprinting. Such techniques have opened new areas of research in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.

  3. Modelling and Control of the Wavestar Prototype

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Rico Hjerm; Kramer, Morten M.

    2011-01-01

    In the field of wave energy it is well known that control of point absorbers is essential in order to increase energy capture from waves. Correspondingly, advanced control is an integrated part of the Wavestar design. This paper presents the control method, referred to as the Wave Power Extraction...... Algorithm (WPEA), applied to the full-scale Wavestar Prototype for maximizing energy extraction. The WPEA is optimized based on simulations of the point absorbers in different sea states. Hence, a presentation of a hydrodynamic model of the Wavestar is included in the paper. A simplified Power Take-Off (PTO...

  4. Prototyping of the ILC Baseline Positron Target

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gronberg, J; Brooksby, C; Piggott, T; Abbott, R; Javedani, J; Cook, E

    2012-02-29

    The ILC positron system uses novel helical undulators to create a powerful photon beam from the main electron beam. This beam is passed through a titanium target to convert it into electron-positron pairs. The target is constructed as a 1 m diameter wheel spinning at 2000 RPM to smear the 1 ms ILC pulse train over 10 cm. A pulsed flux concentrating magnet is used to increase the positron capture efficiency. It is cooled to liquid nitrogen temperatures to maximize the flatness of the magnetic field over the 1 ms ILC pulse train. We report on prototyping effort on this system.

  5. Diesel starting system monitor: Prototype development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) effort to extend the operational lives of commercial nuclear power plants is examining methods for predicting the performance of specific equipment. This paper focuses on predictive monitoring as a means for reducing equipment surveillance, maintenance, and outages. Realizing these goals will result in nuclear plants that are more reliable, have lower maintenance costs, and have longer lives. This report describes a prognostic monitoring system that has been developed to predict starting performance in emergency diesels. A prototype system has been built and tested on an engine at Sandia National Laboratories. 6 refs., 8 figs

  6. Engine design using rapid prototyping techniques

    OpenAIRE

    Martins, Jorge; Monteiro, A. Caetano; Barbosa, J.

    2005-01-01

    An internal combustion engine was designed in ProEngineer. The aim of this project was to develop a proposefull tool enabling the rapid design/development of the required engine. The first non-working model was built using a rapid prototyping machine. A visual analysis of the engine head model shown various fields where improvements could be made on the engine design. Therefore, the head was re-designed taking that into account. The second phase of the project involves the actual production o...

  7. PMT overshoot study for JUNO prototype detector

    OpenAIRE

    Luo, F. J.; Heng, Y. K.; Wang, Z. M.; Wang, P. L.; Qin, Z. H.; Xu, M. H.; Liao, D. H.; H. Q. Zhang(School of Physics and State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, Peking University, China); Lei, X. C.; Qian, S.; Liu, S L; Chen, Y. B.; Wang, Y. F.

    2016-01-01

    The quality of PMT signal is one of the key items for a large and high precision neutrino experiment, like Daya Bay, JUNO, while most of the experiments are affected by the PMT signal overshoot from its positive HV-single cable scheme. For JUNO prototype detector, we have a detailed study on the PMT overshoot and successfully reduced the ratio of overshoot amplitude to signal to ~1% from previous typical ~10%, with no affection to PMT other parameters. Furthermore, we calculated that the over...

  8. A prototype ionization profile monitor for RHIC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Transverse beam profiles in the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) will be measured with ionization profile monitors (IPM's). Each IPM collects and measures the distribution of electrons in the beamline resulting from residual gas ionization during bunch passage. The electrons are swept transversely from the beamline and collected on strip anodes oriented parallel to the beam axis. At each bunch passage the charge pulses are amplified, integrated, and digitized for display as a profile histogram. A prototype detector was tested in the injection line during the RHIC Sextant Test. This paper describes the detector and gives results from the beam tests

  9. A prototype ionization profile monitor for RHIC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Connolly, R.; Cameron, P.; Ryan, W. [and others

    1997-07-01

    Transverse beam profiles in the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) will be measured with ionization profile monitors (IPM`s). Each IPM collects and measures the distribution of electrons in the beamline resulting from residual gas ionization during bunch passage. The electrons are swept transversely from the beamline and collected on strip anodes oriented parallel to the beam axis. At each bunch passage the charge pulses are amplified, integrated, and digitized for display as a profile histogram. A prototype detector was tested in the injection line during the RHIC Sextant Test. This paper describes the detector and gives results from the beam tests.

  10. E-Commerce: Study, Development and Prototyping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ing. María Lucía Rodríguez

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This project was a study of the development of an electronic commerce in Paraguay, tracking laws and regulatory decrees formulated by the technical agencies. As a result, a prototype is developed, which reproduces the steps to follow in a web-based e-commerce transaction using fictitious credit cards as payment method. A particular digital certificate created for testing purposes was used, performing secure connection via https protocol and the digital certificate issued by the Enforcement Authority and the Ministry of Industry and Trade. The results were obtained through the measurement of the database log, matching planned rules for transactions with the results obtained.

  11. Digital-imaging network prototype evaluation project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Digital Imaging Network (DIN) Project is a collaborative effort involving the Department of Defense, Public Health Service, Veterans Administration, MITRE Corporation, university medical centers, and private industry. The objectives are to install, operate, and evaluate two different prototype DIN/picture archiving and communication systems (PACS), and to develop guidelines and specifications for operational DIN/PACS in military and civilian settings. The evaluation emphasizes clinical acceptance and utility, technical and operational feasibility, and impact on radiology department function and the clinical care process. New imaging devices being developed for combat use are evaluated to ensure compatibility with future DIN/PACS

  12. Test of the ZEUS forward calorimeter prototype

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Four prototype modules following the same design as the ZEUS forward calorimeter (FCAL) modules have been constructed and tested with electrons, hadrons and muons in the momentum range of 1 to 100 GeV/c. The main topics under investigation were: calibration, uniformity of response, noise, light yield, energy resolution and the electron to hadron response (e/h ratio). The result of the measurements is presented and the expected performance of the FCAL is discussed in the light of these results. (orig.)

  13. SONG - getting ready for the prototype

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Stellar Observations Network Group, SONG, is a project which aims at building a network of eight identical telescopes distributed geographically around the globe to allow long-term, high-duty-cycle observations of stellar oscillations and to search for exoplanets via the microlensing technique. At each of the network nodes a 1 m telescope with a high-resolution spectrograph and two lucky-imaging cameras is placed. The instruments and telescope, for the prototype node, are currently being built and installation at Observatorio del Teide, Tenerife, Spain is foreseen for early 2011.

  14. Prototype steel-concrete LEP dipole magnet

    CERN Multimedia

    1981-01-01

    The magnetic field needed in the LEP dipole magnets was rather low, of a fraction of tesla. This lead to the conception of a novel yoke structure consisting of stacks of 1.5 mm thick low-carbon steel laminations spaced by 4.1 mm with the spaces filled with concrete. The excitation coils were also very simple: aluminium bars insulated by polyester boxes in this prototype, by glass-epoxy in the final magnets. For details see LEP-Note 118,1978 and LEP-Note 233 1980. See also 8111529,7908528X.

  15. Surface quality in rapid prototype MMD process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisandro Vargas Henríquez

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available This article summarises a Manufacturing Materials and Processes MSc thesis written for the Mechanical and Electrical Engineering Department. The paper shows the interaction of process, gap (deposition distance and extursion terminal velocity modelled process parameters for CEIF's (Centro de Equipos Interfacultades rapid prototype molten material deposit (MMD Titan SH-1 machine by analysing prototupes improved surface quality and resistence to tension and characterising material. The project applies experimental design criteria for orientating the selection of experimental process parameters. Acrylonitrile-buttadin-styrene (ABS had alredy been mechanically and physicochemically characterised (i.e the material used in the MMD process.

  16. 活性粉末混凝土(RPC)在工程结构中的应用与前景%Application and prospect of reactive powder concrete on the engineering's structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柯开展; 蔡文尧

    2006-01-01

    活性粉末混凝土(Reactive Powder Concrete,简称RPC)是一种新型超高强水泥基复合材料.它具有超高的力学性质,优异的耐久性[1]、较低的收缩和徐变性能.本文介绍RPC的基本设计原理、力学特征和所产生的经济效益,着重阐述它的在结构工程中的应用及发展潜力和目前研究中存在的问题.

  17. Status of the RFI Linac Prototype

    CERN Document Server

    Swenson, D A

    2004-01-01

    A prototype of the Rf Focused Interdigital (RFI) linac structure is currently under construction at Linac Systems. The RFI linac structure is basically an interdigital (or Wideröe) linac structure with rf quadrupole focusing incorporated into each drift tube. The 200 MHz RFI prototype, consisting of a short RFQ linac followed by a short RFI linac, will accelerate a 20 mA beam of protons from an injection energy of 25 keV to an output energy of 2.50 MeV in a total linac structure length of 1.44 meters. The linac structures are designed for continuous (cw) operation, and will be tested initially at a 33% duty factor. The peak structure power of 66 kW and peak beam power of 50 kW will be supplied by a 144 kW, 33% duty rf power system. A microwave ion source will supply the proton beam and an articulated Einzel lens will steer and focus the beam into the RFQ aperture. The mechanical design of the linac structures will be presented, the calculated performance will be described, the status of the components will b...

  18. Shear sensitive silicon piezoresistive tactile sensor prototype

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lin; Beebe, David J.

    1998-09-01

    Shear sensing ability it important in many fields such as robotics, rehabilitation, teleoperation and human computer interfaces. A shear sensitive tactile sensor prototype is developed based on the principles of the piezoresistive effect in silicon, and using microfabrication technology. Analogous to the conventional silicon piezoresistive pressure sensor, piezoresistive resistors embedded in a silicon diaphragm are used to sense stress change. An additional mesa is fabricated on the top of the diaphragm and serves to transform an applied force to a stress. Both the shear and normal components of the force are resolved by measuring the resistance changes of the four resistors placed at the corners of a prism mesa. The prototype is tested both statically and dynamically when a spatial force of 0 - 300 gram is applied. Good linearity (R > 0.98) and high repeatability are observed. In this paper, the force sensing mechanism and force determination approach are described. The fabrication process is presented. The preliminary testing results are presented and discussed.

  19. Prototyping Advanced Control Systems on FPGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simard Stéphane

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In advanced digital control and mechatronics, FPGA-based systems on a chip (SoCs promise to supplant older technologies, such as microcontrollers and DSPs. However, the tackling of FPGA technology by control specialists is complicated by the need for skilled hardware/software partitioning and design in order to match the performance requirements of more and more complex algorithms while minimizing cost. Currently, without adequate software support to provide a straightforward design flow, the amount of time and efforts required is prohibitive. In this paper, we discuss our choice, adaptation, and use of a rapid prototyping platform and design flow suitable for the design of on-chip motion controllers and other SoCs with a need for analog interfacing. The platform consists of a customized FPGA design for the Amirix AP1000 PCI FPGA board coupled with a multichannel analog I/O daughter card. The design flow uses Xilinx System Generator in Matlab/Simulink for system design and test, and Xilinx Platform Studio for SoC integration. This approach has been applied to the analysis, design, and hardware implementation of a vector controller for 3-phase AC induction motors. It also has contributed to the development of CMC's MEMS prototyping platform, now used by several Canadian laboratories.

  20. Prototyping the CBM Micro Vertex Detector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For the reconstruction of Open Charm Hadrons with the CBM experiment a Micro Vertex Detector (MVD) with an excellent resolution of the secondary decay vertex (< 70 μm along the beam axis) is required. To achieve this vertex resolution a material budget of a few 0.1% X0 is mandatory for the individual detector stations positioned downstream in close vicinity to the target. To further reduce the multiple scattering the MVD operates in vacuum. The need of prototyping and characterizing the CBM-MVD motivated the construction of an advanced device - a beam telescope - giving the opportunity to exercise the following aspects: handling and integration of ultra-thin CMOS sensors on advanced materials like CVD diamond, double sided sensor assembly for ultra-precise tracking, cooling, scalable readout and slow control, development of data analysis framework and first steps towards implementation of tracking algorithms into a FPGA-based hardware. This group report aims to summarize the activity towards fabrication of the CBM-MVD prototype.

  1. Z-1 Prototype Space Suit Testing Summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, Amy

    2013-01-01

    The Advanced Space Suit team of the NASA-Johnson Space Center performed a series of test with the Z-1 prototype space suit in 2012. This paper discusses, at a summary level, the tests performed and results from those tests. The purpose of the tests were two-fold: 1) characterize the suit performance so that the data could be used in the downselection of components for the Z-2 Space Suit and 2) develop interfaces with the suitport and exploration vehicles through pressurized suit evaluations. Tests performed included isolated and functional range of motion data capture, Z-1 waist and hip testing, joint torque testing, CO2 washout testing, fit checks and subject familiarizations, an exploration vehicle aft deck and suitport controls interface evaluation, delta pressure suitport tests including pressurized suit don and doff, and gross mobility and suitport ingress and egress demonstrations in reduced gravity. Lessons learned specific to the Z-1 prototype and to suit testing techniques will be presented.

  2. A prototype silicon preradiator for the SSC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors describe the design and first results from the test of a prototype of a preradiator detector. Such a detector could be used to enhance the identification of photons and electrons at the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC). Specifically, it may be used by the GEM detector to distinguish between single photons from Higgs decay and background photon pairs from π0 decay. The prototype consists of tungsten radiator followed by silicon strip detectors. The tungsten thickness was changeable, varying from 0 to 3 radiation lengths. Two silicon detectors, oriented in X and Y, consist of 48 strips, each of length 48 mm. The pitch is 1mm. This granularity is required for separating single and multi-photons at the SSC. The readout is achieved by low-noise, low-power custom preamplifier chips mounted directly on the detectors via custom circuit boards. This preradiator was tested in a beam at Brookhaven (BNL) in July 1992. A lead glass array placed behind the silicon was used to determine energy resolution effects. The results from the test on spatial distributions and energy resolution, including correction for the energy deposited in the preradiator are presented, along with comparisons to EGS simulations

  3. A Computuerized Operator Support System Prototype

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ken Thomas; Ronald Boring; Roger Lew; Tom Ulrich; Richard Villim

    2013-08-01

    A report was published by the Idaho National Laboratory in September of 2012, entitled Design to Achieve Fault Tolerance and Resilience, which described the benefits of automating operator actions for transients. The report identified situations in which providing additional automation in lieu of operator actions would be advantageous. It recognized that managing certain plant upsets is sometimes limited by the operator’s ability to quickly diagnose the fault and to take the needed actions in the time available. Undoubtedly, technology is underutilized in the nuclear power industry for operator assistance during plant faults and operating transients. In contrast, other industry sectors have amply demonstrated that various forms of operator advisory systems can enhance operator performance while maintaining the role and responsibility of the operator as the independent and ultimate decision-maker. A computerized operator support system (COSS) is proposed for use in nuclear power plants to assist control room operators in addressing time-critical plant upsets. A COSS is a collection of technologies to assist operators in monitoring overall plant performance and making timely, informed decisions on appropriate control actions for the projected plant condition. The COSS does not supplant the role of the operator, but rather provides rapid assessments, computations, and recommendations to reduce workload and augment operator judgment and decision-making during fast-moving, complex events. This project proposes a general model for a control room COSS that addresses a sequence of general tasks required to manage any plant upset: detection, validation, diagnosis, recommendation, monitoring, and recovery. The model serves as a framework for assembling a set of technologies that can be interrelated to assist with each of these tasks. A prototype COSS has been developed in order to demonstrate the concept and provide a test bed for further research. The prototype is based

  4. A Computuerized Operator Support System Prototype

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ken Thomas; Ronald Boring; Roger Lew; Tom Ulrich; Richard Villim

    2013-11-01

    A report was published by the Idaho National Laboratory in September of 2012, entitled Design to Achieve Fault Tolerance and Resilience, which described the benefits of automating operator actions for transients. The report identified situations in which providing additional automation in lieu of operator actions would be advantageous. It recognized that managing certain plant upsets is sometimes limited by the operator’s ability to quickly diagnose the fault and to take the needed actions in the time available. Undoubtedly, technology is underutilized in the nuclear power industry for operator assistance during plant faults and operating transients. In contrast, other industry sectors have amply demonstrated that various forms of operator advisory systems can enhance operator performance while maintaining the role and responsibility of the operator as the independent and ultimate decision-maker. A computerized operator support system (COSS) is proposed for use in nuclear power plants to assist control room operators in addressing time-critical plant upsets. A COSS is a collection of technologies to assist operators in monitoring overall plant performance and making timely, informed decisions on appropriate control actions for the projected plant condition. The COSS does not supplant the role of the operator, but rather provides rapid assessments, computations, and recommendations to reduce workload and augment operator judgment and decision-making during fast-moving, complex events. This project proposes a general model for a control room COSS that addresses a sequence of general tasks required to manage any plant upset: detection, validation, diagnosis, recommendation, monitoring, and recovery. The model serves as a framework for assembling a set of technologies that can be interrelated to assist with each of these tasks. A prototype COSS has been developed in order to demonstrate the concept and provide a test bed for further research. The prototype is based

  5. Results on the LHCb hadron calorimeter prototype

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The hadron calorimeter HCAL of the LHCb experiment at CERN is the key device which provides data for the level-0 high pt trigger and can perform fast trigger signal construction with reasonable background suppression when B decays are reconstructed. During 1997-1999 an HCAL prototype stack of 6 modules of 0.96 x 0.96 m2 front surface and with different internal structure has been constructed and exposed to the X7 test beams of the SPS at CERN. HCAL technology consists of a scintillator/iron sampling structure with scintillating tiles parallel to the beam axis and a passive radiator made of steel plates. The absorber plates were supplied by Romanian, CERN and IPT Kharkiv groups. Scintillating tiles have been produced in Russia using a modern casting technique. In the prototype we use Pol.Hi.Tech.(S250) single clad wave-length shifting fibers of 1 mm in diameter with a polished and aluminized mirror at one end. Parts of two HCAL modules have been recently re-assembled with new faster fiber of type Bicron BCF-92 and irradiated components. Two types of Russian photomultipliers have been used in the CAL Prototype beam-tests: FEU-84-3 and FEU-115M. A calibration system with radioactive source and pulsing LED has been used and checked. Beam tests with the HCAL Prototype have been done at the X7 beam-line of the West Area experimental hall at CERN in a wide beam momentum range from 5 to 100 GeV. A rotating table on the platform allows to turn the detector on up to 180 angle around he vertical axis and a lateral and an up-down displacement of 2 m. A computer controlled High Voltage distribution scheme, developed by IFIN-HH group, allows individual setting of the HV on each PMT for the gain adjustment with a minimal amount of cables. The system consists of three parts: 1) the control box which includes the low voltage power supply, the RS232 interface to a PC and three modules of the high voltage power supply: two with Vmax = 2000 V, Imax = 10 mA and one with Vmax = 2500 V

  6. Structural design of an RPC-based time-of-flight wall for ions (iTOF) for the R3B-FAIR experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work we describe the mechanical design of a time-of-flight detector based on strip RPCs dedicated to measure relativistic heavy ions. The proposed design includes innovative solutions which meet the specific requirements to work with ions. The proposal is based on the results of the previous R and D program to build prototypes to test designs, materials and construction solutions, complemented by tests with relativistic ion beams. The first module of the detector has been built to be studied and characterized under beam conditions. (technical report)

  7. Results of the prototype camera for FACT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The maximization of the photon detection efficiency (PDE) is a key issue in the development of cameras for Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes. Geiger-mode Avalanche Photodiodes (G-APD) are a promising candidate to replace the commonly used photomultiplier tubes by offering a larger PDE and in addition a facilitated handling. The FACT (First G-APD Cherenkov Telescope) project evaluates the feasibility of this change by building a camera based on 1440 G-APDs for an existing small telescope. As a first step towards a full camera, a prototype module using 144 G-APDs was successfully built and tested. The strong temperature dependence of G-APDs is compensated using a feedback system, which allows to keep the gain of the G-APDs constant to 0.5%.

  8. Results of the CALICE SDHCAL technological prototype

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The SDHCAL prototype was completed in 2012, and exposed to beams of pions, electrons of different energies at the SPS of CERN for a total time period of 5 weeks. The data are being analyzed within the CALICE Collaboration. Preliminary results indicate that a highly granular hadronic calorimeter conceived for PFA application is also a powerful tool to measure hadronic particle energy. In addition it was found to discriminate efficiently pions from electrons. The use of multi-threshold readout mode shows a clear improvement of the resolution at energies exceeding 30 GeV with respect to the binary readout mode. New ideas to improve on the energy resolution using the topology of hadronic showers such as the Hough Transform technique are studied

  9. Results of the SDHCAL technological prototype

    CERN Document Server

    Steen, Arnaud

    2015-01-01

    The SDHCAL technological prototype that has been completed in 2012 was exposed to beams of pions and electrons of different energies at the CERN SPS for a total time period of 5 weeks. The data has been analyzed within the CALICE collaboration. Preliminary results indicate that a highly granular hadronic calorimeter conceived for PFA application is also a powerful tool to separate pions from electrons. The SDHCAL provides also a very good resolution of hadronic showers energy measurement. The use of multi-threshold readout mode shows a clear improvement of the resolution at energies exceeding 30 GeV with respect to the binary readout mode. Simulations of the pion interactions in the SDHCAL are presented and new ideas to improve on the energy resolution using the topology of hadronic showers are mentioned.

  10. Design Study: ELENA Bending Magnet Prototype

    CERN Document Server

    Schoerling, D

    2013-01-01

    The ELENA bending magnet prototype shall prove that the proposed design meets the requirements set by the ELENA beam dynamics. The following points will be discussed in detail: (i) production process of a magnetic yoke diluted with stainless steel plates, (ii) the stability and repeatability of the field homogeneity of such a yoke over the full working range, (iii) choice of soft magnetic steel, (iv) hysteresis effects, (v) mechanical deformations, (vi) thermal insulation to intercept heat load from baking for activation of NEG coating in the vacuum chamber, (vii) end shim design. In order to verify these points the following measurements will be performed: (i) Hall probe scanning, (ii) integrated field homogeneity measurement (DC), (iii) integrated field homogeneity measurement (AC).

  11. Data-sharing protocol: A prototype implementation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes a client/server communication protocol which will allow physicists to access data from cooperating remote experiments. Special low-level ''client'' software within the user's ''home'' data-access library formulates a request for data from the remote experiment. This request is sent over a network to a server at the remote site. The server has specific knowledge about the location and format of the requested data. The server gets the data and sends it over the network to the requesting client, which reformats the data according to the local library's conventions. Our prototype is being developed to suppose remote access to data from ATF, PBX, and micro Vax data from Tore-Supra. We have attempted to create a flexible design which should accommodate data from other experiments as well

  12. EOS distributed planning and scheduling prototype

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hull, Larry G.; Peters, Stephen F.; Davis, Randy

    Some of the more significant lessons learned during the development of the Earth Observing System (EOS) Distributed Planning and Scheduling Prototype are presented. The need for a central scheduler is not demonstrated. A mapping of scheduling and conflict-resolution responsibility across the nodes of the EOS distributed scheduling system is developed and shown to be both feasible and appropriate. Complex instrument scheduling is mostly accomplished at the ICC/IST (instrument control center/instrumental support terminal) with 'slidable' flexibility for slews and some kinds of calibrations resolved at the EOS Operations Center (EOC). All nodes have full visibility interinstrument contention for resource and environmental rights, e.g., vibration, thermal, and electromagnetic. The EOC assigns, by activity, initial action responsibility for conflict resolution to a node which is party to the conflict. Most interinstrument conflicts are resolved by the ICCs and ISTs during an intermediate scheduling phase while the EOC is negotiating a TDRS schedule with the NCC.

  13. Prototype rf cavity for the HISTRAP accelerator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    HISTRAP, a proposed synchrotron-cooling-storage ring designed to both accelerate and decelerate very highly charged very heavy ions for atomic physics research, requires an rf accelerating system to provide /+-/2.5 kV of peak accelerating voltage per turn while tuning through a 13.5:1 frequency range in a fraction of a second. A prototype half-wave, single gap rf cavity with biased ferrite tuning was built and tested over a continuous tuning range of 200 kHz through 2.7 MHz. Initial test results establish the feasibility of using ferrite tuning at the required rf power levels. The resonant system is located entirely outside of the accelerator's 15cm ID beam line vacuum enclosure except for a single rf window which serves as an accelerating gap. Physical separation of the cavity and the beam line permits in situ vacuum baking of the beam line at 300/degree/C

  14. PMT overshoot study for JUNO prototype detector

    CERN Document Server

    Luo, F J; Wang, Z M; Wang, P L; Qin, Z H; Xu, M H; Liao, D H; Zhang, H Q; Lei, X C; Qian, S; Liu, S L; Chen, Y B; Wang, Y F

    2016-01-01

    The quality of PMT signal is one of the key items for a large and high precision neutrino experiment, like Daya Bay, JUNO, while most of the experiments are affected by the PMT signal overshoot from its positive HV-single cable scheme. For JUNO prototype detector, we have a detailed study on the PMT overshoot and successfully reduced the ratio of overshoot amplitude to signal to ~1% from previous typical ~10%, with no affection to PMT other parameters. Furthermore, we calculated that the overshoot is a result of discharging of capacitors in the HV-signal splitter and the PMT voltage divider. The study result is extremely important for JUNO and other similar experiments.

  15. Safeguards in Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor Monju

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The assemblies loaded in the core and stored in the ex-vessel storage tank (EVST) are in liquid sodium in the Japanese prototype fast breeder reactor (FBR) Monju. Since it is difficult to apply a direct verification procedure for the fuel assemblies in these areas, a dual containment and surveillance system consisting of two monitoring devices such as surveillance camera and radiation monitor that are functionally independent has been applied. In addition, the Monju Remote Monitoring System was developed to strengthen the continuous surveillance and to reduce the load of the inspection activities. Furthermore, the ex-vessel transfer machine radiation monitor (EVRM) and the exit gate monitor (EXGM) were upgraded to strengthen the monitoring of spent blanket fuel assemblies and to improve the reliability of distinguishing between fuel assemblies and non-fuel items. As the result, the integrated safeguards was introduced in November 2009, and the effective safeguards activities have been implemented in Monju. (author)

  16. Rapid prototyping of ossicular replacement prostheses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ovsianikov, A.; Chichkov, B.; Adunka, O.; Pillsbury, H.; Doraiswamy, A.; Narayan, R. J.

    2007-05-01

    Materials used in ossicular replacement prostheses must demonstrate appropriate biological compatibility, acoustic transmission, stability, and stiffness properties. Prostheses prepared using Teflon ®, titanium, Ceravital and other conventional materials have demonstrated several problems, including migration, perforation of the tympanic membrane, difficulty in shaping the prostheses, and reactivity with the surrounding tissues. We have used two-photon polymerization for rapid prototyping of Ormocer ® middle-ear bone replacement prostheses. Ormocer ® surfaces fabricated using two-photon polymerization exhibited acceptable cell viability and cell growth profiles. The Ormocer ® prosthesis was able to be inserted and removed from the site of use in the frozen human head without fracture. Our results demonstrate that two-photon polymerization is able to create ossicular replacement prostheses and other medical devices with a larger range of sizes, shapes and materials than other microfabrication techniques.

  17. TOP counter prototype R&D

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inami, K.; Belle-II PID Group

    2011-05-01

    We have been developing a Cherenkov ring-imaging counter, named TOP counter, as a particle-identification device of the Belle-II detector for the super B-factory at KEK. In this presentation, we show the R&D status of the TOP counter prototype. We performed a beam test using 2 m long quartz radiator and MCP-PMTs, and evaluated the number of detected photons, time resolution and chromatic effects. We developed a square-shape MCP-PMT with Hamamatsu photonics, so as to obtain a sufficient lifetime under the Belle-II environment. We improved the lifetime of the quantum efficiency by changing the internal structure and production process, and then obtained a lifetime of >350 mC/cm2.

  18. MATLAB tensor classes for fast algorithm prototyping.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bader, Brett William; Kolda, Tamara Gibson (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA)

    2004-10-01

    Tensors (also known as mutidimensional arrays or N-way arrays) are used in a variety of applications ranging from chemometrics to psychometrics. We describe four MATLAB classes for tensor manipulations that can be used for fast algorithm prototyping. The tensor class extends the functionality of MATLAB's multidimensional arrays by supporting additional operations such as tensor multiplication. The tensor as matrix class supports the 'matricization' of a tensor, i.e., the conversion of a tensor to a matrix (and vice versa), a commonly used operation in many algorithms. Two additional classes represent tensors stored in decomposed formats: cp tensor and tucker tensor. We descibe all of these classes and then demonstrate their use by showing how to implement several tensor algorithms that have appeared in the literature.

  19. The prototype GAPS (pGAPS) experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The General Antiparticle Spectrometer (GAPS) experiment is a novel approach for the detection of cosmic ray antiparticles. A prototype GAPS (pGAPS) experiment was successfully flown on a high-altitude balloon in June of 2012. The goals of the pGAPS experiment were: to test the operation of lithium drifted silicon (Si(Li)) detectors at balloon altitudes, to validate the thermal model and cooling concept needed for engineering of a full-size GAPS instrument, and to characterize cosmic ray and X-ray backgrounds. The instrument was launched from the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency's (JAXA) Taiki Aerospace Research Field in Hokkaido, Japan. The flight lasted a total of 6 h, with over 3 h at float altitude (∼33km). Over one million cosmic ray triggers were recorded and all flight goals were met or exceeded

  20. SuperB Muon Detector Prototype

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The test objective is to optimize the muon identification in an experiment at a Super B Factory. To accomplish this, experimenters will study the muon identification capability of a detector with different iron configurations at different beam energies. The detector is a full scale prototype, composed of a stack of iron tiles. The segmentation of the iron allows the study of different configurations. Between the tiles, one or two extruded scintillator slabs can be inserted to test two different readout options; a Binary Readout and a Time Readout. In the Binary Readout option the two coordinates are given by the two orthogonal scintillator bars, and the spatial resolution is driven by the bar width. In the Time Readout option one coordinate is determined by the scintillator position and the other by the arrival time of the signal read with a TDC.

  1. Prototype color field sequential television lens assembly

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-01-01

    The design, development, and evaluation of a prototype modular lens assembly with a self-contained field sequential color wheel is presented. The design of a color wheel of maximum efficiency, the selection of spectral filters, and the design of a quiet, efficient wheel drive system are included. Design tradeoffs considered for each aspect of the modular assembly are discussed. Emphasis is placed on achieving a design which can be attached directly to an unmodified camera, thus permitting use of the assembly in evaluating various candidate camera and sensor designs. A technique is described which permits maintaining high optical efficiency with an unmodified camera. A motor synchronization system is developed which requires only the vertical synchronization signal as a reference frequency input. Equations and tradeoff curves are developed to permit optimizing the filter wheel aperture shapes for a variety of different design conditions.

  2. Flight research with the MIT Daedalus prototype

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bussolari, Steven R.; Youngren, Harold H.; Langford, John S.

    1987-01-01

    The MIT Light Eagle human-powered aircraft underwent long-duration testing over Rogers Dry Lake in California during January, 1987. Designed as a prototype for the MIT Daedalus Project, the Light Eagle's forty-eight flights provided pilot training, established new distance records for human-powered flight, and provided quantitative data through a series of instrumented flight experiments. The experiments focused on: (1) evaluating physiological loads on the pilot, (2) determining airframe power requirements, and (3) developing an electronic flight control system. This paper discusses the flight test program, its results and their implications for the follow-on Daedalus aircraft, and the potential uses of the Light Eagle as a low Reynolds number testbed.

  3. The SSC full cell prototype string test

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At the conclusion of the SSC half cell magnet string testing program. In February, 1993, the preliminary data analysis revealed that several substantive technical questions remained unresolved. These questions were: (1) could the high voltages to ground (>2 kV) measured during fault (quench) conditions be substantially reduced, (2) could the number of magnetic elements that became resistive (quenched) be controlled and (3) did the cryostats of the magnetic elements provide adequate insulation and isolation to meet designed refrigeration loads. To address these and other existing question a prototypical full cell of collider magnets (ten dipoles and two quadrupoles) was assembled and tested. At the conclusion of this testing there were definitive answers to most of the questions with numerical substantiation, the notable exception being the beat leak question. These answers and other results and issues are presented in this paper

  4. The SSC full cell prototype string test

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At the conclusion of the SSC half cell magnet string testing program in February, 1993, the preliminary data analysis revealed that several substantive technical questions remained unresolved. These questions were: (1) could the high voltages to ground (>2 kV) measured during fault (quench) conditions be substantially reduced, (2) could the number of magnetic elements that became resistive (quenched) be controlled and 3) did the cryostats of the magnetic elements provide adequate insulation and isolation to meet designed refrigeration loads. To address these and other existing questions, a prototypical fall cell of collider magnets (ten dipoles and two quadrupoles) was assembled and tested. At the conclusion of this testing there were definitive answers to most of the questions with numerical substantiation, the notable exception being the beat leak question. These answers and other results and issues are presented in this paper

  5. NSLS prototype small-gap undulator (PSGU)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The NSLS Prototype Small-Gap Undulator (PSGU) will serve as a tool to study lifetime degradation and the onset of beam instabilities as the beam duct aperture is decreased. The device will consist of variable-gap vacuum vessel had a permanent magnet undulator, with independent magnet-gap control. The vacuum vessel design attempts to minimize both residual gas pressures and beam impedances. The undulator will be 320 mm long and utilizes a pure-permanent-magnet structure with 6 blocks per 16 mm period. For a nominal operating aperture of 4 mm, PSGU will produce a peak brightness in the fundamental and third harmonic of 7 x 1016 and 1 x 1016 photons sm-bullet sec-1 sm-bullet mrad-2mm-2 sm-bullet(0.1% BW)-1 at photon energies of 2.5 keV and 7.5 keV, respectively. 5 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs

  6. Manufacture for prototype Mo-99 irradiation target

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The prototype of target to produce Mo-99 by fission has been manufactured. Extension equipment using oil pressure is specially designed and fabricated in order to prepare the Mo-99 target of high quality to be irradiated in a research reactor. The target of an annular type of inner and outer Al tubes and uranium foil in between is extended using a dedicated tool with a draw plug. The inner tube is plastically deformed while the outer tube is elastically deformed. This makes the Al tubes and foil contacted closely. Top and bottom ends of the target are welded by TIG in order to provide a hermetic sealing which will prevent the release of fission gases during the irradiation

  7. Z-2 Prototype Space Suit Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, Amy; Rhodes, Richard; Graziosi, David; Jones, Bobby; Lee, Ryan; Haque, Bazle Z.; Gillespie, John W., Jr.

    2014-01-01

    NASA's Z-2 prototype space suit is the highest fidelity pressure garment from both hardware and systems design perspectives since the Space Shuttle Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) was developed in the late 1970's. Upon completion the Z-2 will be tested in the 11 foot human-rated vacuum chamber and the Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory (NBL) at the NASA Johnson Space Center to assess the design and to determine applicability of the configuration to micro-, low- (asteroid), and planetary- (surface) gravity missions. This paper discusses the 'firsts' that the Z-2 represents. For example, the Z-2 sizes to the smallest suit scye bearing plane distance for at least the last 25 years and is being designed with the most intensive use of human models with the suit model.

  8. A MEMS turbine prototype for respiration harvesting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goreke, U.; Habibiabad, S.; Azgin, K.; Beyaz, M. I.

    2015-12-01

    The design, manufacturing, and performance characterization of a MEMS-scale turbine prototype is reported. The turbine is designed for integration into a respiration harvester that can convert normal human breathing into electrical power through electromagnetic induction. The device measures 10 mm in radius, and employs 12 blades located around the turbine periphery along with ball bearings around the center. Finite element simulations showed that an average torque of 3.07 μNm is induced at 12 lpm airflow rate, which lies in normal breathing levels. The turbine and a test package were manufactured using CNC milling on PMMA. Tests were performed at respiration flow rates between 5-25 lpm. The highest rotational speed was measured to be 9.84 krpm at 25 lpm, resulting in 8.96 mbar pressure drop across the device and 370 mW actuation power.

  9. Characterization of the ATLAS Micromegas quadruplet prototype

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sidiropoulou, O.; Bianco, M.; Danielsson, H.; Degrange, J.; Farina, E. M.; Gomez, F. P.; Iengo, P.; Kuger, F.; Lin, T. H.; Schott, M.; Sekhniaidze, G.; Valderanis, C.; Vergain, M.; Wotschack, J.

    2016-07-01

    A Micromegas [1] detector with four active layers, serving as prototype for the upgrade of the ATLAS muon spectrometer [2], was designed and constructed in 2014 at CERN and represents the first example of a Micromegas quadruplet ever built. The detector has been realized using the resistive-strip technology and decoupling the amplification mesh from the readout structure. The four readout layers host overall 4096 strips with a pitch of 415 μm; two layers have strips running parallel (η in the ATLAS reference system, for measuring the muon bending coordinate) and two layers have inclined strips by ±1.5° angle with respect to the η coordinate in order to provide measurement of the second coordinate. A detector characterization carried out with cosmic muons and under X-ray irradiation is presented with the obtained results.

  10. Prototype Engineered Barrier System Field Tests (PEBSFT)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This progress report presents the interpretation of data obtained (up to November 1, 1988) from the Prototype Engineered Barrier System Field Tests (PEBSFT) that are being performed for the Yucca Mountain Project (YMP) in G-Tunnel within the Nevada Test site. The PEBSFTs are being conducted to evaluate the applicability of measurement techniques, numerical models, and procedures developed for the field tests for future investigations that will be conducted in the Exploratory Shaft Facilities, at a potential high-level radioactive waste repository site in Yucca Mountain. The primary objective of the tests is to provide the basis for determining whether tests planned for Yucca Mountain have the potential to be successful. Thirteen chapters discuss the following: mapping the electromagnetic permittivity and attenuation rate of the rock mass; changes in moisture content detected by the neutron logging probe; characterization of the in-situ permeability of the fractured tuff around the heater borehole; electrical resistance heater installed in a 30-cm borehole; relative humidity measurements; the operation, design, construction, calibration, and installation of a microwave circuit that might provide partial pressure information at temperatures in excess of 200 degree C (392 degree F); pressure and temperature measurements in the G-Tunnel; the moisture collection system, which attempts to collect steam that migrates into the heater borehole; The borehole television and borescope surveys that were performed to map the location, orientation, and aperture of the fractures intersecting the boreholes; preliminary scoping calculations of the hydrothermal conditions expected for this prototype test; the Data Acquisition System; and the results of the PEBSFT, preliminary interpretations of these results, and plans for the remainder of the test. Chapters have been indexed separately for inclusion on the data base

  11. A Rapid Prototyping Environment for Wireless Communication Embedded Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bryan A. Jones

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper introduces a rapid prototyping methodology which overcomes important barriers in the design and implementation of digital signal processing (DSP algorithms and systems on embedded hardware platforms, such as cellular phones. This paper describes rapid prototyping in terms of a simulation/prototype bridge and in terms of appropriate language design. The simulation/prototype bridge combines the strengths of simulation and of prototyping, allowing the designer to develop and evaluate next-generation communications systems, partly in simulation on a host computer and partly as a prototype on embedded hardware. Appropriate language design allows designers to express a communications system as a block diagram, in which each block represents an algorithm specified by a set of equations. Software tools developed for this paper implement both concepts, and have been successfully used in the development of a next-generation code division multiple access (CDMA cellular wireless communications system.

  12. Virtual prototype simulation on underwater hydraulic impingement shovel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU He-ping; LUO A-ni; MENG Qing-xin

    2007-01-01

    The virtual prototype technology is applied to the design of the hydraulic impingement shovel,which is to increase the reliability of the design. The work principle of hydraulic impingement shovel is expatiated, and its dynamic equations are established. The 3D model of virtual prototype is built by PRO/E. Then the couple between the mechanical body of prototype and the hydraulic system is completed by virtue of ADAMS. Finally, the simulation is made on the virtual prototype. The simulation results show that the design of underwater hydraulic impingement shovel is rational. The virtual prototype technology could lay sound foundation of successful manufacturing of physical prototype for the first time and offer highly effective and feasible means for the design and production of underwater equipments.

  13. Exploring Expressions of Marital Love Prototype among Married Urban Malays

    OpenAIRE

    S. M. Hoesni; I. H. M. Hashim; W. M. H. Sarah

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to explore the prototype for expressions of marital love among urban Malays. This study applies the process for developing prototypes of love which was adapted by Fehr (1988). Questionnaire consisting of questions relating to personal background, relationship background and list of expressions of marital love were presented to 600 working married urban Malays. Data were analyzed using Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and found that the list for prototype expressions...

  14. A prototype surgical manipulator for robotic intraocular micro surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulgaonkar, Amit P; Hubschman, Jean-Pierre; Bourges, Jean-Louis; Jordan, Brett L; Cham, Christopher; Wilson, Jason T; Tsao, Tsu-Chin; Culjat, Martin O

    2009-01-01

    A prototype manipulator system was developed for ophthalmologic microsurgery. The system, consisting of two parallel X-Y stages, can mechanically maintain a fixed-point of rotation at the surface of the eye, potentially reducing trauma during surgical procedures. The initial prototype was designed to function in concert with the da Vinci Surgical System for gross positioning. Robotic tests demonstrated the mechanical fitness of the prototype while an in vitro surgical sclerectomy was performed to demonstrate functionality of the approach. PMID:19377152

  15. Prototypes, Exemplars, and the Natural History of Categorization

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, J. David

    2014-01-01

    The article explores—from a utility/adaptation perspective—the role of prototype and exemplar processes in categorization. The author surveys important category tasks within the categorization literature from the perspective of the optimality of applying prototype and exemplar processes. Formal simulations reveal that organisms will often (not always!) receive more useful signals about category belongingness if they average their exemplar experience into a prototype and use this as the compar...

  16. Regression Testing of Virtual Prototypes Using Symbolic Execution

    OpenAIRE

    Lin, Bin; Qian, Dejun

    2016-01-01

    Recently virtual platforms and virtual prototyping techniques have been widely applied for accelerating software development in electronics companies. It has been proved that these techniques can greatly shorten time-to-market and improve product quality. One challenge is how to test and validate a virtual prototype. In this paper, we present how to conduct regression testing of virtual prototypes in different versions using symbolic execution. Suppose we have old and new versions of a virtua...

  17. Factors affecting polyamide prototypes design of Albedo dosemeters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work studies the most important factors which affect the response of albedo neutron dosemeters containing LiF TLDs with the aim to improve their sensitivity. It includes tests of thickness and shape of the polyamide moderator body prototypes, albedo window diameter and TLD position inside the moderator. Analyzing the results, an albedo neutron dosemeter prototype, B4C covered, was developed. The prototype has a response three times higher than the albedo dosemeter now in use in Brazil. (author)

  18. The Yucca Mountain Project Prototype Testing Program; 1989 Status report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1989-10-01

    The Yucca Mountain Project is conducting a Prototype Testing Program to ensure that the Exploratory Shaft Facility (ESF) tests can be completed in the time available and to develop instruments, equipment, and procedures so the ESF tests can collect reliable and representative site characterization data. This report summarizes the prototype tests and their status and location and emphasizes prototype ESF and surface tests, which are required in the early stages of the ESF site characterization tests. 14 figs.

  19. DWPF Melter No.2 Prototype Bus Bar Test Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Characterization and performance testing of a prototype DWPF Melter No.2 Dome Heater Bus Bar are described. The prototype bus bar was designed to address the design features of the existing system which may have contributed to water leaks on Melter No.1. Performance testing of the prototype revealed significant improvement over the existing design in reduction of both bus bar and heater connection maximum temperature, while characterization revealed a few minor design and manufacturing flaws in the bar. The prototype is recommended as an improvement over the existing design. Recommendations are also made in the area of quality control to ensure that critical design requirements are met

  20. Clustering of drinker prototype characteristics: what characterizes the typical drinker?

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Lettow, Britt; Vermunt, Jeroen K; de Vries, Hein; Burdorf, Alex; van Empelen, Pepijn

    2013-08-01

    Prototypes (social images) have been shown to influence behaviour, which is likely to depend on the type of image. Prototype evaluation is based on (un)desirable characteristics related to that image. By an elicitation procedure we examined which adjectives are attributed to specific drinker prototypes. In total 149 young Dutch adults (18-25 years of age) provided adjectives for five drinker prototypes: abstainer, moderate drinker, heavy drinker, tipsy, and drunk person. Twenty-three unique adjectives were found. Multilevel latent class cluster analysis revealed six adjective clusters, each with unique and minor overlapping adjectives: 'negative, excessive drinker,' 'moderate, responsible drinker,' 'funny tipsy drinker,' 'determined abstainer cluster,' 'uncontrolled excessive drinker,' and 'elated tipsy cluster.' In addition, four respondent classes were identified. Respondent classes showed differences in their focus on specific adjective clusters. Classes could be labelled 'focus-on-control class,' 'focus-on-hedonism class,' 'contrasting-extremes-prototypes class,' and 'focus-on-elation class.' Respondent classes differed in gender, educational level and drinking behaviour. The results underscore the importance to differentiate between various prototypes and in prototype adjectives among young adults: subgroup differences in prototype salience and relevance are possibly due to differences in adjective labelling. The results provide insights into explaining differences in drinking behaviour and could potentially be used to target and tailor interventions aimed at lowering alcohol consumption among young adults via prototype alteration. PMID:23848388

  1. Test of large area glass RPCs at the DAΦNE Test Beam Facility (BTF)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CaPiRe program has been started to develop a new detector design, in order to produce large areas of glass Resistive Plate Chambers (RPC) detectors, overcoming the previous limitations. As a first step we produced our glass RPC detectors (1m2) at General Tecnica exploiting their standard procedures, materials and production techniques simply using 2 mm glass electrodes instead of the bakelite ones. A set of RPC was produced by using pre-coated (silk screen printed) electrodes, while others were produced with the standard graphite coating. All the detectors, together with four old Glass RPC acting as reference, were tested at the DAΦNE Test Beam Facility with 500MeV electrons in order to study the efficiency in different positions inside the detectors (i.e. near spacers and edges) and to study the detector behavior as a function of the local particle rate

  2. Prototype negative ion sources for RIB generation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alton, G.D.; Murray, S.N. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Welton, R.F.; Williams, C. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)]|[Oak Ridge Inst. of Science and Engineering, TN (United States); Cui, B. [China Inst. of Atomic Energy, Beijing (China)

    1997-12-01

    Radioactive ion beams (RIBs) of {sup 17}F and {sup 18}F are of interest for investigation of astrophysical phenomena such as the hot CNO cycle and the rp stellar nuclear synthesis processes. In order to generate useful beam intensities of atomic F{sup {minus}}, the species must be efficiently and expediently released from the target material, thermally dissociated from fluoride release products during transport to the ionization chamber of the ion source, and efficiently ionized in the source upon arrival. The authors have conceived and evaluated two prototype negative ion sources for potential use for RIB generation: (1) a direct extraction source and (2) a kinetic ejection source. Both sources utilize Cs vapor to enhance F{sup {minus}} formation. The mechanical design features, operational parameters, ionization efficiencies for forming atomic F{sup {minus}} and delay times for transport of F and fluoride compounds for the respective sources are presented. The efficiency {eta} for formation and extraction of F{sup {minus}} for the direct extraction negative ion source is found to be {eta} {approximately} 1.0% while the characteristic delay time {tau} for transport of F and fluorides through the source is typically, {eta} {approximately} 120s; the analogous efficiencies and delay times for the kinetic ejection negative ion source are, respectively: {eta} = {approximately}3.2% and {tau} = {approximately}70s.

  3. Prototype fast breeder reactor main options

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fast reactor programme gets importance in the Indian energy market because of continuous growing demand of electricity and resources limited to only coal and FBR. India started its fast reactor programme with the construction of 40 MWt Fast Breeder Test Reactor (FBTR). The reactor attained its first criticality in October 1985. The reactor power will be raised to 40 MWt in near future. As a logical follow-up of FBTR, it was decided to build a prototype fast breeder reactor, PFBR. Considering significant effects of capital cost and construction period on economy, systematic efforts are made to reduce the same. The number of primary and secondary sodium loops and components have been reduced. Sodium coolant, pool type concept, oxide fuel, 20% CW D9, SS 316 LN and modified 9Cr-1Mo steel (T91) materials have been selected for PFBR. Based on the operating experience, the integrity of the high temperature components including fuel and cost optimization aspects, the plant temperatures are recommended. Steam temperature of 763 K at 16.6 MPa and a single TG of 500 MWe gross output have been decided. PFBR will be located at Kalpakkam site on the coast of Bay of Bengal. The plant life is designed for 30 y and 75% load factor. In this paper the justifications for the main options chosen are given in brief. (author). 2 figs, 2 tabs

  4. Prototype negative ion sources for RIB generation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radioactive ion beams (RIBs) of 17F and 18F are of interest for investigation of astrophysical phenomena such as the hot CNO cycle and the rp stellar nuclear synthesis processes. In order to generate useful beam intensities of atomic F-, the species must be efficiently and expediently released from the target material, thermally dissociated from fluoride release products during transport to the ionization chamber of the ion source, and efficiently ionized in the source upon arrival. The authors have conceived and evaluated two prototype negative ion sources for potential use for RIB generation: (1) a direct extraction source and (2) a kinetic ejection source. Both sources utilize Cs vapor to enhance F- formation. The mechanical design features, operational parameters, ionization efficiencies for forming atomic F- and delay times for transport of F and fluoride compounds for the respective sources are presented. The efficiency η for formation and extraction of F- for the direct extraction negative ion source is found to be η ∼ 1.0% while the characteristic delay time τ for transport of F and fluorides through the source is typically, η ∼ 120s; the analogous efficiencies and delay times for the kinetic ejection negative ion source are, respectively: η = ∼3.2% and τ = ∼70s

  5. Rapid prototyping--when virtual meets reality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beguma, Zubeda; Chhedat, Pratik

    2014-01-01

    Rapid prototyping (RP) describes the customized production of solid models using 3D computer data. Over the past decade, advances in RP have continued to evolve, resulting in the development of new techniques that have been applied to the fabrication of various prostheses. RP fabrication technologies include stereolithography (SLA), fused deposition modeling (FDM), computer numerical controlled (CNC) milling, and, more recently, selective laser sintering (SLS). The applications of RP techniques for dentistry include wax pattern fabrication for dental prostheses, dental (facial) prostheses mold (shell) fabrication, and removable dental prostheses framework fabrication. In the past, a physical plastic shape of the removable partial denture (RPD) framework was produced using an RP machine, and then used as a sacrificial pattern. Yet with the advent of the selective laser melting (SLM) technique, RPD metal frameworks can be directly fabricated, thereby omitting the casting stage. This new approach can also generate the wax pattern for facial prostheses directly, thereby reducing labor-intensive laboratory procedures. Many people stand to benefit from these new RP techniques for producing various forms of dental prostheses, which in the near future could transform traditional prosthodontic practices. PMID:25643461

  6. A low cost MRI permanent magnet prototype

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Here we present the proceedings in designing and constructing a low cost, friendly use, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) prototype magnet; 55 cmx45 cmx30 cm in size scaleable to full body; with a C-shaped assembly to provide open access to the 10 cm C-gap; operational at 0.22 Tesla where the low field increments the tissue contrast; structured with methodically selected and strategically positioned permanent magnets to reach the required field homogeneity as well as to be practically free of maintenance; and having iron flux return to leave an extremely low fringe field. The magnetic flux is funneled through the iron and focused by carefully designed and finely machined iron pole faces of 8.9 cm radius to create a homogeneity of less than 20 parts per million (PPM), without shimming, in a roughly 1.3 cm by 2 cm main axes oval region. An image of an okra plant was taken to test its performance

  7. Aging Investigation of CMS EMU Prototype Chambers

    CERN Document Server

    Ferguson*, T; Krivshich, Anatoli; Kuznetsova, Ekaterina; Lobachev, Evgeny; Mitselmakher, Guenakh; Schipunov, L

    1999-01-01

    The aging investigation results of CMS EMU prototype chambers are presented. Aging tests under sustained irradiation by a 90Sr 2 Ci were performed with three working gas mixtures Ar( 30%)+CO2( 50%)+CF4( 20%), Ar( 30%)+CO2( 70%) and Ar( 40%)+CO2( 50%)+CF4( 10%). For Ar( 30%)+CO2( 50%)+CF4( 20%) mixture gas gain reduction was not observed up to the accumulated charge Q = 13.56 C/cm. However, the dark current in the chamber was noticeable starting already from Q = 2 C/cm. The absence of the CF4 ( in the Ar/CO2 gas mixture) caused fast aging deterioration, and Q = 0.2 C/cm was enough to obtain 50% of the gas gain reduction. In the test with Ar( 40%)+CO2( 50%)+CF4( 10%) mixture the gas gain reduction and the dark current increase were not observed up to Q = 13.35 C/cm. Reduction of the gas flow rate to 0.1 volume per day caused 50% of the gain decrease due to the gas pollution by fragments of dissociated gas molecules. The gain restored after switching back to the 1 volume per day flow rate. Studies with electroni...

  8. Affective Robotics: Modelling and Testing Cultural Prototypes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    A Wilson, Paul; Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk, Barbara

    2014-01-01

    If robots are to successfully interact with humans, they need to measure, quantify and respond to the emotions we produce. Similar to humans, the perceptual cue inputs to any modelling that allows this will be based on behavioural expression and body activity features that are prototypical of each emotion. However, the likely employment of such robots in different cultures necessitates the tuning of the emotion feature recognition system to the specific feature profiles present in these cultures. The amount of tuning depends on the relative convergence of the cross-cultural mappings between the emotion feature profiles of the cultures where the robots will be used. The GRID instrument and the cognitive corpus linguistics methodology were used in a contrastive study analysing a selection of behavioural expression and body activity features to compare the feature profiles of joy, sadness, fear and anger within and between Polish and British English. The intra-linguistic differences that were found in the profile of emotion features suggest that weightings based on this profile can be used in robotic modelling to create emotion-sensitive socially interacting robots. Our cross-cultural results further indicate that this profile of features needs to be tuned in robots to make them emotionally competent in different cultures. PMID:25484993

  9. Rapid Prototyping Modules for Remote Engineering Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karsten Henke

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available This contribution describes the concept and implementation for an integration of microcontroller and FPGA based Rapid Prototyping modules into a Remote Lab system. This implementation enables a Web-based access to electro-mechanical models. A student uploads a source file implementation to the Remote Lab server in order to test an implementation directly within a hardware environment. The Remote Lab server offers the interfaces to integrate specific project and hardware plug-ins. These plug-ins access a hardware specific software environment to automatically compile and program the resulting firmware. To stimulate this design, the Remote Lab server exchanges digital signals via a serial interface. To allow the student to compare architectures of different designs using the same hardware model, a specific controller (using the Remote Lab interface can be selected. For this, an IP-based multiplexer provides the control connection between the respective controller and the hardware model. In our contribution we would like to give examples of such a complex design task and how the students can use different tools during several design steps.

  10. A prototype switched Ethernet data acquisition system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A prototype switched Ethernet data acquisition system has been built up and successfully operated in HL-1M tokamak experiments. The system is based on a switched high bandwidth Ethernet network with which the CAMAC crates are directly interfaced. It takes the advanced features of LAN switch and Ethernet CAMAC controller (ECC 1365 MK III, HYTEC product) to avoid the rewriting of CAMAC driver for an individual computer system and to ensure high data transmission rate between CAMAC system and host computers on the network. It is a new approach to DAS system architecture and provides a solution for a well-known bottleneck problem in traditional distributed DAS system for fusion research. An average throughput of the test system reaches over 100 Mbps. The system features also an easy and low cost migration from traditional distributed DAS system. In the paper, the hardware configuration, software structure, performance of the system and the method of migrating from current DAS system are discussed in detail. (orig.)

  11. Sparse distributed memory prototype: Principles of operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flynn, Michael J.; Kanerva, Pentti; Ahanin, Bahram; Bhadkamkar, Neal; Flaherty, Paul; Hickey, Philip

    1988-01-01

    Sparse distributed memory is a generalized random access memory (RAM) for long binary words. Such words can be written into and read from the memory, and they can be used to address the memory. The main attribute of the memory is sensitivity to similarity, meaning that a word can be read back not only by giving the original right address but also by giving one close to it as measured by the Hamming distance between addresses. Large memories of this kind are expected to have wide use in speech and scene analysis, in signal detection and verification, and in adaptive control of automated equipment. The memory can be realized as a simple, massively parallel computer. Digital technology has reached a point where building large memories is becoming practical. The research is aimed at resolving major design issues that have to be faced in building the memories. The design of a prototype memory with 256-bit addresses and from 8K to 128K locations for 256-bit words is described. A key aspect of the design is extensive use of dynamic RAM and other standard components.

  12. Prototype models for the MOIRA computerised system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Monte, Luigi [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy). Dipt. Ambiente; Hakanson, Lars [Uppsala, Univ. (Sweden). Institute of Earth Sciences; Brittain, John [Oslo, Univ. (Norway). Zoological Museum

    1997-06-01

    The main aim of the present report is to describe selected models and the principles of the Decision Analysis theory that will be applied to develop the model-based computerised system `MOIRA`. A dose model and a model for predicting radiocaesium migration in lakes and the effects of countermeasures to reduce the contamination levels in the components of lacustrine system are described in detail. The principles for developing prototype models for predicting the migration of {sup 90}Sr in lake abiotic and biotic components are discussed. The environmental models described in the report are based on the use of `collective parameters` which due to mutual compensation effects of different phenomena occurring in complex systems, show low variability when the environmental conditions change. Use of such `collective parameters` not only increases the predictive power of the models, but also increases the practical applicability of the model. Among the main results described in the report, the development of an objective hierarchy table for evaluating the effectiveness of a countermeasure when the economic, social and ecological impacts are accounted for, deserves special attention.

  13. Students' Drinker Prototypes and Alcohol Use in a Naturalistic Setting

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spijkerman, R.; Larsen, H.; Gibbons, F.X.; Engels, R.C.M.E.

    2010-01-01

    Background: Perceptions about the type of people who drink, also referred to as drinker prototypes May strengthen Young people's motivation to engage in alcohol use. Previous research has shown that drinker prototypes are related to alcohol consumption in both adolescents and young adults. However.

  14. Construction of a drift chamber prototype for the CMS experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    General design features of a small size drift chamber prototype are described in this report. Prototype construction has taken place at CIEMAT and we explain in detail the assembly procedure. This activity is part of a long term project to mass produce chambers for the muon barrel detector of the CMS experiment which will be installed at CERN. (Author)

  15. The Prototype Theory and the Simple Present Tense Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁昌玲; 杨唐峰

    2016-01-01

    The prototype theory has been widely applied to the language teaching. In this paper, the author analyzes the relations between different uses of the simple present tense from the perspective of the prototype theory, hoping to help students understand this tense better and promote the application of this theory to English tense teaching.

  16. A Prototype HTML Training System for Graphic Communication Majors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Runquist, Roger L.

    2010-01-01

    This design research demonstrates a prototype content management system capable of training graphic communication students in the creation of basic HTML web pages. The prototype serve as a method of helping students learn basic HTML structure and commands earlier in their academic careers. Exposure to the concepts of web page creation early in…

  17. Clustering of drinker prototype characteristics: What characterizes the typical drinker?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lettow, B. van; Vermunt, J.K.; Vries, H. de; Burdorf, A.; Empelen, P. van

    2013-01-01

    Prototypes (social images) have been shown to influence behaviour, which is likely to depend on the type of image. Prototype evaluation is based on (un)desirable characteristics related to that image. By an elicitation procedure we examined which adjectives are attributed to specific drinker prototy

  18. Semantics of the Transitive Construction: Prototype Effects and Developmental Comparisons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibbotson, Paul; Theakston, Anna L.; Lieven, Elena V. M.; Tomasello, Michael

    2012-01-01

    This paper investigates whether an abstract linguistic construction shows the kind of prototype effects characteristic of non-linguistic categories, in both adults and young children. Adapting the prototype-plus-distortion methodology of Franks and Bransford (1971), we found that whereas adults were lured toward false-positive recognition of…

  19. Prototype Theory and Its Implication into English Vocabulary Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑禄娟; 张锐

    2015-01-01

    Prototype is the cognitive reference point that human beings use to categorize the world.It is the best and most typical member in the category while the other members of the category are centered on it.Guided by prototype theory,this paper will discuss some implications to English vocabulary teaching.

  20. Study of prototype sensors for the Upstream Tracker Upgrade

    CERN Document Server

    Abba, Andrea; Blusk, Steven R.; Bursche, Albert; Davis, Adam; Dendek, Adam Mateusz; Dey, Biplab; Ely, Scott Edward; Forshaw, Dean Charles; Fu, Jinlin; Kelsey, Matthew Jordan; Lionetto, Federica; Manning Jr, Peter Michael; Mountain, Ray; Neri, Nicola; Papula, Alana Leigh; Petruzzo, Marco; Pikies, Malgorzata Maria; Rudolph, Matthew Scott; Sokoloff, Michael David; Stone, Sheldon; Szumlak, Tomasz; Wang, Jianchun

    2016-01-01

    Three testbeams were carried out in 2015 to test the performance of prototype sensors for the Upstream Tracker. Two of the testbeams were devoted to studying full size n-in-p sensors, and one was devoted to testing mini-sensors, all from Hamamatsu. Results on the performance of these Upstream Tracker sensor prototypes are presented.