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Sample records for bai province viet

  1. Paragonimiasis in Sin Ho District, Lai Chau Province, Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vien, C V; Phue, N C; Ha, L D; Tuan, L M; Van, N T; Pao, T C; Hoa, L T; Phoung, C T

    1997-01-01

    Forty-four cases of pulmonary paragonimiasis, two also with evidence of cerebral infection, were found in Sin Ho District in Northern Viet Nam. There were 30 males and 14 females, 2-30 years of age. The diagnosis was made by sputum examination. Pet dogs and wild dogs in the area were also found infected and the people often eat roasted crabs.

  2. Characteristics of tuberculosis patients at intake in Cambodia, two provinces in China, and Viet Nam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauritsen Jens M

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The tuberculosis register is a critical data source for the information system of national tuberculosis control programs. From the information in the tuberculosis case register, it is possible to extend the standard analysis of age and sex characteristics among sputum smear-positive cases to all tuberculosis case categories. National tuberculosis programs might utilize such information to identify problems related to referral and access to diagnosis and treatment. Objectives Based on the electronic database we created, our objectives were to provide a detailed description of age and sex characteristics of tuberculosis patients at registration and to provide a comparison of age-specific sex characteristics among incident and prevalent sputum smear-positive cases. Methods A representative sample of tuberculosis case registers from 1 January 2003 to 31 December 2005 was selected in Cambodia, two provinces in China and Viet Nam. Age and sex characteristics of cases in the three separate prevalence surveys in the three jurisdictions (Cambodia: year 2002; China: year 2000; and Viet Nam: year 2006-2007 were obtained for comparison. Results A total 37,635 patients had been registered during the period in the selected units in the three countries. Cases were more frequently male in all three countries with 53%, 71%, and 69% in Cambodia, China, and Viet Nam, respectively. The ratios of the female-to-male odds in the notification system to that in the prevalence survey in smear-positive cases in Cambodia, China and Viet Nam were 2.1, 0.9, and 1.8, respectively. Because of the small proportion of extrapulmonary tuberculosis registered in China, we limited the analysis on age and sex distribution for extrapulmonary cases to Cambodia and Viet Nam. The proportion with extrapulmonary tuberculosis among all cases was 18.5% in Cambodia and 15.7% in Viet Nam, decreasing in frequency with increasing age. Conclusions Characteristics of patients

  3. Cultural Relevance for Rural Community Development in China: A Case Study in Bai, Jingpo and Huyaodai Communities of Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cai Kui; Du Juan; Dai Cong; Hu Huabin

    2007-01-01

    A three-year study over the Bai, Jingpo and Huayaodai communities in Yunnan Province reveals that the community development is significantly influenced in various ways by such cultural factors as the concepts of development; concepts and traditions of inter-community relationships, consumption, marriage and gender; patterns of decision-making and production, resource and income allocation; as well as the role of information dissemination systems, religion and ritual. Based on the analysis over the interactive relevance between each factor and community development, some strategies and methods for dealing with such a cultural relevance in development projects are recommended.

  4. Why Do Farmers Choose to Harvest Small-Sized Timber? A Survey in YenBai Province, Northern Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen Nghia Bien

    2006-01-01

    Market for timber in YenBai province is quite clearly defined with two major products: small timber for pulp and wood-chips and large-sized timber for furniture to be consumed either domestically or internationally. A financial analysis shows the obvious economic advantage of growing large-sized timber over small one. However, most of private forest growers have chosen to grow small timber. The study identifies a number of factors affecting forest growers' decision to cut early their trees wh...

  5. Research on Hepatitis B virus Genotypes and Subgenotypes among Bai Nationality in Dali, Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei LI; Yuan-ying SHEN; Xuan-rong ZHANG; Lai-feng REN; Qiang LI; Ru SHEN; Hai-ping ZHAO

    2008-01-01

    To investigate the distribution of hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes and subgenotypes among the Bai nationality in Dali, a total of 100 serum samples from patients with chronic HBV-infection were collected for the detection of HBV genotypes and subgenotypes by genotype-specific primers and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RLFP), respectively. Among the 100 samples, the proportions of genotype B, C and mixed genotype (B+C) were 41%, 25% and 34%, respectively. All the genotype B strains belonged to subgenotype Ba. In genotype C, 84% were Subgenotype Cs and 12% were subgenotype Ce. The distribution of genotypes B, C and B+C showed no significant difference between male and female patients (P=0.182) and among the age groups of patients (P=0.812). The rates of HBeAg/HBeAg positivity were no significantly different among genotypes B, genotype C and mixed genotype (B+C) (P=0.077/P=0.663). In Dali, genotypes B, B+C and C existed among Bai nationality with chronic HBV-infection, and genotype B was the major genotype. Subgenotypes Ba and Cs were the predominant strains in patients with HBV genotype B/C infection. The most prominent characteristic was the higher prevalent rate of mixed genotype (B+C) in patients.

  6. 湖南白族学生体质量指数分析%Analysis on the body mass index of Bai nationality students in Hunan province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄大元; 张惠娟; 石慧娟; 龚兴牡; 梁成青

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the distribution of body mass index ( BMI) and nutrient status of Bai nationality students aged 6 - 16 years old in Hunan province.Methods: The body height and weight of Bai nationality students were measured by anthropological method, and the BMI was calculated by formula.Results: The averages of BMI gradually increased with age increasing.Before 11 years old, the average of girls'BMI surpassed to that of boys', however, after 12 years old, the average of the boys'exceeded that of girls' The average of Bai nationality students'BMI was higher than that of Han ones of nationwide in 2000, however, was lower than that of Kazak ones in the same period.There was significant difference between boys and girls in nutritional status.Conclusion: The general nutrition status of Bai nationality students in Hunan province is good.However, the phenomena of malnutrition, overweight and obesity still exist in the Bai nationality students, nutrition education should be strengthened in students from primary and middle school.%目的:了解6 ~16岁湖南白族学生体质量指数分布特征及其营养现状.方法:应用人体测量法测量白族学生的身高和体质量,用公式计算体质量指数.结果:白族学生的BMI值随年龄增长呈现逐年增加趋势;11岁以前,女生的BMI均值低于男生,12岁后又高于男生;白族学生的BMI值高于2000年全国汉族学生,低于同期哈萨克族学生,白族男生和女生营养状况差异有统计学意义.结论:6~16岁湖南白族学生总体营养状况良好,但仍有营养不良、超重肥胖现象存在,应继续加强中小学生的营养教育.

  7. Recent increase in sex ratio at birth in Viet Nam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christophe Z Guilmoto

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Since the 1980s, sex ratio at birth (male births per 100 female births has increased in many Asian countries as a result of selective abortions, but to date there has been no such evidence for Viet Nam. Our aim in this paper is to ascertain the situation with respect to sex ratio at birth in Viet Nam over the past five years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Original data were obtained from sample population surveys in Viet Nam recording annual birth rates since 2000 of about 450,000 women, as well as from two successive birth surveys conducted for the first time in 2007 (1.1 million births. The annual population surveys include specific information on birth history and mothers' characteristics to be used for the analysis of trends and differentials in sex ratio at birth. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Birth history statistics indicate that the SRB in Viet Nam has recorded a steady growth since 2001. Starting from a level probably close to the biological standard of 105, the SRB reached 108 in 2005 and 112 in 2006, a value significantly above the normal level. An independent confirmation of these results comes from the surveys of births in health facilities which yielded a SRB of 110 in 2006-07. High SRB is linked to various factors such as access to modern health care, number of prenatal visits, level of higher education and employment status, young age, province of residence and prenatal sex determination. These results suggest that prenatal sex determination followed by selective abortion has recently become more common in Viet Nam. This recent trend is a consequence of various factors such as preference for sons, declining fertility, easy access to abortion, economic development as well as the increased availability of ultrasonography facilities.

  8. Phylogeography of recently emerged DENV-2 in southern Viet Nam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maia A Rabaa

    Full Text Available Revealing the dispersal of dengue viruses (DENV in time and space is central to understanding their epidemiology. However, the processes that shape DENV transmission patterns at the scale of local populations are not well understood, particularly the impact of such factors as human population movement and urbanization. Herein, we investigated trends in the spatial dynamics of DENV-2 transmission in the highly endemic setting of southern Viet Nam. Through a phylogeographic analysis of 168 full-length DENV-2 genome sequences obtained from hospitalized dengue cases from 10 provinces in southern Viet Nam, we reveal substantial genetic diversity in both urban and rural areas, with multiple lineages identified in individual provinces within a single season, and indicative of frequent viral migration among communities. Focusing on the recently introduced Asian I genotype, we observed particularly high rates of viral exchange between adjacent geographic areas, and between Ho Chi Minh City, the primary urban center of this region, and populations across southern Viet Nam. Within Ho Chi Minh City, patterns of DENV movement appear consistent with a gravity model of virus dispersal, with viruses traveling across a gradient of population density. Overall, our analysis suggests that Ho Chi Minh City may act as a source population for the dispersal of DENV across southern Viet Nam, and provides further evidence that urban areas of Southeast Asia play a primary role in DENV transmission. However, these data also indicate that more rural areas are also capable of maintaining virus populations and hence fueling DENV evolution over multiple seasons.

  9. 尿苷二磷酸葡聚糖转移酶1A8*2在云南健康佤族、白族和藏族基因多态性研究%Genetic polymorphism of UDP-glucan transferase 1A8 * 2 in Yunnan province healthy Wa, Bai and Tibetan nationalities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖泳; 黄民; 李嘉丽; 董寿堂; 李辉

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To investigate the allele and genotype frequencies of UDP-glucan transferase 1A8 * 2 in Yunnan province healthy Wa.Bai and Tibetan nationalities, and compare with other ethnics. METHODS The number of the healthy volunteers from Yunnan province Wa, Bai and Tibetan nationalities were 144,115 and 252, respectively. The PCR-RFLP method, which was verified by direct sequencing, was applied to genotype UDP-glucan transf erase 1A8 * 2. Then the genotypes frequencies of the nationalities were calculated to test whether in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium or not. The genotypes and alleles frequencies between Yunnan province Wa,Bai and Tibetan nationalities and other ethnic groups were compared by Pearson's Chi-Square test. RESULTS The frequencies of CC, CG and GG genotypes were 16.7%, 52.8%, 30. 5% and 35.7%, 50. 4%, 13. 9%and 8. 3%, 78. 2%, 13. 5%, respectively, in Yunnan province Wa,Bai and Tibetan population. Moreover, The frequencies of allele G in Yunnan province Wa,Bai and Tibetan were 56. 9%, 39. 1% and 52. 6%, that were higher than African-Americans and German Caucasions. Furthermore, the mutation rate of Yunnan province Bai was higher than Japanese and lower than Chinese Han nationality. There were significant differences between Yunnan province Bai and Wa or Tibetan nationality about the frequencies of allele G(P<0. 01), but no difference between Yunnan province Wa and Tibetan nationality. A-bove all genotypes distribution all met Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. CONCLUSION The UDP-glucan transf erase 1A8 * 2 gene distribution in Yunnan nationality Wa,Bai and Tibetan nationality mutation occurred in the situation has its own characteristics, Genotyping of UDP-glucan transf erase 1A8 * 2 will be helpful in guiding rational and individualized medication for individuals from Yunnan province Wa.Bai and Tibetan nationality using drugs that are substrates of UGT.%目的:了解云南佤族、白族和藏族人群中尿苷二磷酸葡聚糖转移酶1A8*2的基因多态

  10. Time to unsuccessful tuberculosis treatment outcome, Cambodia, China, and Viet Nam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoa, N B; Sokun, C; Wei, C;

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and characteristics of patients with unsuccessful tuberculosis (TB) treatment. METHODS: Random selection of TB case registers among all treatment units in Cambodia, two provinces in China, and Viet Nam. The data of two calendar years were analyzed to assess u...

  11. Bai Ji,a Young Dancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    Bai Ji is a second-class performer,a member of the Chinese Dancers’Association,vice-president of Tibet Dancers’ Association,a member of the China National Youth Federation,and an"excellent daughter of the frontier."Bai Ji graduated from the Beijing Dance Institute with excellent marks in 1982.She has not only a good mastery

  12. Co-existence of Paragonimus harinasutai and Paragonimus bangkokensis metacercariae in fresh water crab hosts in central Viet Nam with special emphasis on their close phylogenetic relationship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doanh, Pham Ngoc; Hien, Hoang Van; Nonaka, Nariaki; Horii, Yoichiro; Nawa, Yukifumi

    2012-09-01

    During our epidemiological surveys for Paragonimus species in central Viet Nam, we found four morphologically different Paragonimus metacercariae in mountainous crabs. They were identified as metacercariae of Paragonimus westermani, P. bangkokensis, P. proliferus, and P. harinasutai in the order of their prevalence in crab hosts. This is the first discovery of P. harinasutai in Viet Nam, co-inhabiting with P. bangkokensis and other species. Metacercariae of P. harinasutai were given orally to a cat to obtain adult worms. Then, ITS2 and CO1 sequences of metacercariae and adults of P. harinasutai, and metacercariae of P. bangkokensis collected from the same place were determined for analyses of phylogenetic relationships to other P. harinasutai and P. bangkokensis populations as well as related species. The results of molecular analyses showed that P. harinasutai from Quang Binh province of central Viet Nam was almost completely identical with those from Vientiane, Lao PDR; P. bangkokensis from Quang Binh, Viet Nam was also almost completely identical with those from Lao PDR and from Quang Ninh province, Viet Nam. Except for one P. harinasutai isolate from China, all populations of P. harinasutai and P. bangkokensis from Thailand, Lao and Viet Nam make a single clade in both ITS2 and CO1 trees. In ITS2 sequences, AT deletion and ATC insertion were observed in some isolates of both species, indicating recent gene flow between P. harinasutai and P. bangkokensis. Moreover, because of their extremely high genetic similarities and their co-inhabitation in the same crab hosts found in Thailand, Lao PDR and Viet Nam, they should be considered as the sister species at the early stage of divergence. In addition, P. microrchis previously described from Yunnan, China should be placed as the synonym of P. harinasutai, because of their morphological and molecular similarities.

  13. Acknowledging the importance of BAI accounts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levin, Steve

    2011-09-01

    For hospitals, balance after insurance (BAI) refers to revenue from uninsured patients and from patients with patient responsibility after insurance. BAI is a rapidly growing share of hospital revenue as a result of substitution from high-deductible commercial insurance plans-revenue that tends to convert to cash relatively easily and quickly-meaning that an increasing share of hospital cash flow is now due from the patient. Hospitals should make sure that their self-pay patients receive excellent customer service: It not only improves the likelihood of a greater yield, but also-perhaps more important-helps ensure customer loyalty and willingness to recommend the facility to others.

  14. HOG-WILD IN VIET NAM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Amid growing pains, a Chongqing company finds Viet Nam good for breeding its motorcycles Back in 1998, Yin Mingshan found his company was between a rock and a hard place with seemingly nowhere to scooter through. As Chairman of the Board of Chongqing Lifan Industry Co. Ltd., China's largest motorcycle manufacturer, Vm was seeing his domestic market dry up while export volume also was shrinking.

  15. 大理白语中词汇重叠形式的探究%An Inquiry of Reduplication of Words in Dali's Bai Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雅

    2015-01-01

    在汉语中,重叠形式的存在和准确运用使得汉语的表达更加生动和形象,白语中同样存在重叠形式,并且在白语的语言表达中起着重要的作用.从白语民歌、白语对联、白语日常对话中,收集、整理相关的语料,对白语中的重叠形式进行分析和总结.揭示出白语词汇的重叠形式独特的魅力所在.%Bai language, used by Bai minority which live in borderland of Southwest China, belongs to a branch of Tibeto-Burman. It has a very long history of development, and sustains the Bai people's strong national feelings. And it is also an important carrier of Bai's literature and art. In Chinese, the ex-istence of the configuration method of reduplication forms and the exact use of them make language more vivid and imaginative. Bai language also has this type of reduplication forms, and it plays an important role in Bai's language expression. This article analyzes and summarizes of the reduplication forms of Bai lan-guage through the way of collecting and sorting out the relevant examples from the folk songs, Bai language couplet and Bai's daily conversation. In this paper, the pronunciation is the sound of Dali Bai Minority Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan province.

  16. Participatory support to farmers in improving safety and health at work: building WIND farmer volunteer networks in Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawakami, Tsuyoshi; Van, Vhu Nhu; Theu, Nguyen Van; Khai, Ton That; Kogi, Kazutaka

    2008-10-01

    The government of Viet Nam places a high priority on upgrading the quality of farmers' lives. Providing adequate occupational safety and health (OSH) protection for all farmers is an important challenge. The Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA) of Viet Nam trained WIND (Work Improvement in Neighbourhood Development) farmer volunteers. From 2004-2007, MOLISA in cooperation with ministries of health and agriculture trained 480 WIND farmer volunteers in selected 14 provinces. Trained farmer volunteers trained their neighbouring farmers and expanded their networks. The WIND training programme produced in Cantho, Viet Nam in 1996, was used as the core training methodology. The WIND action-checklist, good example photo-sheets, and other participatory training materials were designed for WIND farmer volunteers as practical training tools. The volunteers trained 7,922 farmers. The trained farmers implemented 28,508 improvements in materials handling, work posture, machine and electrical safety, working environments and control of hazardous chemicals, and welfare facilities. The provincial support committees organized follow-up workshops and strengthen the WIND farmer volunteer networks. The system of WIND farmer volunteers proved effective in extending practical OSH protection measures to farmers at grassroots level. The system of WIND farmer volunteers was adopted in the First National Programme on Labour Protection and OSH of Viet Nam as a practical means in OSH and is now further expanding within the framework of the National Programme.

  17. The Personal Pronouns in the Minjia Dialect-A dialect spoken in the Bai Autonomous Village of Furongqiao in Sangzhi County, Hunan Province%湖南桑植县芙蓉桥白族乡“民家腔”的人称代词

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟江华

    2012-01-01

      湖南桑植县芙蓉桥白族乡“民家腔”的三身代词复数分A、B两种形式:A式“ uεn53、连=ȵiεn53、滩=tan31/t‘an31”是由其单数“我、你、他”分别与复数标记“俺ŋan”构成的一个合音词;B式“ 俺uεn53−55ŋan043、连=俺ȵiεn53−55ŋan043、滩=俺tan31−33/t‘an31−33ŋan021”是在A式后面再加复数标记“俺”而成。第三人称单、复数均有新老派两种读音:老派读不送气音,如单数“他ta31”,复数“滩=tan31、滩=俺tan31−33ŋan021”;新派读送气音,如单数“他t‘a31”,复数“滩=t‘an31、滩=俺t‘an31−33ŋan021”。%  The plural form of the three personal pronouns of the“Minjia dialect”(民家腔), a dialect of Chinese spoken by people living in the Bai Autonomous Village of Furongqiao in Sangzhi County, Hunan Province has two forms, A and B. the type of plural A is a sound-combined word which is composed of singular Wo (我), Ni (你), Ta (他) and the plural marker An (俺) respectively. The type of plural B is composed of the type of plural A and the plural marker An (俺) again. The third person pronoun has two pronunciations, new and old, the old pronunciation is unaspirated, while the new pronunciation has an aspirated sound.

  18. Disability from Japanese encephalitis in Cambodia and Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hills, Susan L; Van Cuong, Nguyen; Touch, Sok; Mai, Hoang Hong; Soeung, Sann Chan; Lien, Tran Thi Huong; Samnang, Chham; Sovann, Ly; Van Diu, Pham; Lac, Luc Duy; Heng, Seng; Huong, Vu Minh; Grundy, John J; Huch, Chea; Lewthwaite, Penny; Solomon, Tom; Jacobson, Julie A

    2011-08-01

    A cohort of Japanese encephalitis (JE) survivors in Cambodia and Viet Nam were assessed at least 4 months after hospital discharge in order to understand the extent of disability after JE. We used a simple assessment tool which focuses on the impact on daily life. In total, 64 disability assessments were conducted: 38 in Cambodia and 26 in Viet Nam. In Cambodia, 4 (11%) children had severe sequelae, suggesting the children would likely be dependent, 15 (39%) had moderate sequelae and 17 (45%) had mild sequelae. In Viet Nam, two (8%) persons had severe sequelae, five (19%) had moderate sequelae and eight (31%) had mild sequelae. In many JE-endemic areas there are no multi-disciplinary teams with sophisticated equipment to assess patients after JE disease. This assessment tool can assist with patient management and generate data to support the need for programmes to prevent disease and improve outcomes for survivors.

  19. Wave overtopping resistance of grassed slopes in Viet Nam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Trung, L.H.; Verhagen, H.J.; Van der Meer, J.W.

    2011-01-01

    The Simulator was applied to test the resistance against wave overtopping of grass covered dike slopes in Viet Nam. Observation and measurement during destructive tests were performed to investigate the development process of damage induced by overtopping flow. Damages were likely to be initiated at

  20. National survey of tuberculosis prevalence in Viet Nam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoa, N.B.; Sy, D.N.; Nhung, N.V.; Tiemersma, E.W.; Borgdorff, M.W.; Cobelens, F.G.J.

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of tuberculosis in Viet Nam with data from a population-based survey, compare it with the prevalence estimated by the World Health Organization, and identify major demographic determinants of tuberculosis prevalence. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey with multis

  1. Globalization and the Governance of Education in Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    London, Jonathan D.

    2010-01-01

    In a globalizing world, local and global governance arrangements are increasingly interdependent, which produces harmonization in some instances and new tensions and contradictions in others. Analysis shows that successive waves of globalization have affected the governance of education in Viet Nam differently. It shows that the globalization of…

  2. Adequacy of anti-tuberculosis drug prescriptions in Viet Nam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoa, N B; Lauritsen, J M; Rieder, H L

    2012-01-01

    SETTING: National Tuberculosis Program, Viet Nam, 2008. OBJECTIVES: To determine drug prescription adherence to national guidelines, to examine factors associated with an erroneous dosage of rifampin (RMP) and to evaluate the impact of an insufficient RMP dosage on treatment outcome. METHODS: A r...

  3. Industrial and Commercial Registration of Sailun (Viet Nam) Completed

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shu Wen

    2012-01-01

    Recently, upon the approval of related departments, the registration of the sole subsidiary of Sailun Co., Ltd. established in Viet Nam has been completed. According to the registration content, the name of this subsidiary: Sailun (Viet Nam) Co., Ltd.; English name: Sailun (Viet Nam) Co., Ltd.; Registered address: Fudong Industrial Park, Furlong Town, Go Dau, Tay Ninh, Viet Nam; Registered capital: VND 400 billion, converting to about USD 20 million; Business scope: production and operation of tires, research of NR tech- nologies, etc.

  4. Prosodic Focus Marking in Bai-Mandarin Sequential Bilinguals’ Mandarin

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Liu, Zenghui; Chen, A.; van de Velde, H.

    2016-01-01

    This study investigates the prosodic marking of focus in sequential bilinguals speaking Bai as their first language and Mandarin Chinese as their second language. Mandarin SVO sentences with varying information structure were elicited through a picture-matching task. The participants were primary sc

  5. Transformation of Consciousness: Decoding Conceptual Metaphors in Mira Bai

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amrita; Anisha

    2016-01-01

    Mira Bai, a saint-poet of North India is an important figure in medieval Hindi literature. Her "bhajan"-s (songs) profoundly represent the transforming of consciousness working through conceptual metaphors which fall in the realm of religious poetry wherein target domains are generally abstract. Since, the working of the mind is more…

  6. Cooperation of nuclear manpower development between Viet Nam and Korea in order to enhance establishment of infrastructure in exporting nuclear technology to Viet Nam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, E. J.; Han, K. W.; Park, J. K.; Kim, Y. T.; Nam, Y. M.; Jang, Y. H.; Yang, M. H

    2003-08-15

    Through this project, KAERI provided OJT Programme to 3 nuclear experts of Viet Nam at the KAERI for 3 months as a cooperation of human resource development in the field of nuclear policy, nuclear safety analysis and thermo hydraulic. We could have publicity activities of S/W and H/W then achieve an advantage position of economical and technical in exporting nuclear technology to Viet Nam. Also we have provided a training course and seminar for a high-level delegation of nuclear policy decision makers, which is consisted of 5 deputy ministers and general directors of Viet Nam in Korea. Thus we could have Vietnamese who are favoring Korea. The KAERI will also prepare a data base of trained Vietnamese in Korea for the maximum utilization of them in cooperating with Viet Nam. We accomplished the cooperation of human resource development and providing program and curriculum of the nuclear education and training in Viet Nam. Furthermore, it is expected that the enhancement of nuclear technical cooperation between Viet Nam and Korea and the nuclear human resource development.

  7. GIS and local knowledge in disaster management: a case study of flood risk mapping in Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tran, Phong; Shaw, Rajib; Chantry, Guillaume; Norton, John

    2009-03-01

    Linking community knowledge with modern techniques to record and analyse risk related data is one way of engaging and mobilising community capacity. This paper discusses the use of the Geographic Information System (GIS) at the local level and the need for integrating modern technology and indigenous knowledge into disaster management. It suggests a way to mobilise available human and technical resources in order to strengthen a good partnership between local communities and local and national institutions. The paper also analyses the current vulnerability of two communes by correlating hazard risk and loss/damage caused by disasters and the contribution that domestic risk maps in the community can make to reduce this risk. The disadvantages, advantages and lessons learned from the GIS flood risk mapping project are presented through the case study of the Quang Tho Commune in Thua Thien Hue province, central Viet Nam.

  8. Plague foci in Viet Nam: zoological and parasitological aspects.

    OpenAIRE

    Suntsov, V. V.; Huong, L. T.; Suntsova, N. I.; Gratz, N. G.

    1997-01-01

    Reported are the results of studies over the period 1989-94 on host-flea complexes in small mammals and their flea ectoparasites in and around a number of human settlements in Viet Nam in which human cases of plague had been found. Collections were also made in savanna and tropical forest areas within a 10-km radius of the settlements. The greatest numbers of small mammals, for the most part Rattus spp., and of the flea ectoparasite Xenopsylla cheopis were found in inhabited areas. X. cheopis...

  9. Promoting accountability in obstetric care: use of criteria-based audit in Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, P E; Binh, H T; Bang, H T

    2010-01-01

    Audits can improve clinical and managerial practices, enhance the rational use of limited resources, and improve staff morale and motivation. Staff at five hospitals in Thanh Hoa and Quang Tri provinces (Viet Nam) used criteria-based audit (CBA) as a tool to improve the quality of emergency obstetric and newborn care. CBA compares current practice with standards based on the best available evidence and the local context. The audit cycle begins with a known problem, proceeds with an initial assessment and data collection, analysis of those data, formulation and implementation of an action plan, and a re-evaluation of the topic initially assessed. Teams found that clinical protocols for treating major obstetric complications were not followed, although, national guidelines had been issued in 2002. In an audit of facility organisation, staff addressed obstacles to the timely treatment of obstetric emergencies during off hours. In each audit, teams devised mechanisms to correct problems that resulted in significant improvements when the audit cycle was repeated. CBA improved adherence to national guidelines, improved record-keeping, heightened teamwork, and showed staff that they could identify and solve many of their own problems.

  10. Incense and ritual plant use in Southwest China: A case study among the Bai in Shaxi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Staub Peter O

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Ritual and religious uses of plant-derived smoke are widespread throughout the world. Our research focuses on Southwest China, where the use of incense is very common. This study aims to document and analyze contemporary ritual plant uses by the Bai people of Shaxi Township (Jianchuan County, Dali Prefecture, Yunnan Province, including their related ethnobotanical knowledge, practices, and beliefs. Methods The present study builds on previous ethnobotanical research in Shaxi, which started in 2005. Interviews focusing on ritual plant use and associated beliefs were carried out with a total of 44 Bai informants in September 2009 and May and June 2010. The results are supplemented with information on the local religion collected from June to December 2010. All documented species were vouchered, and are deposited at the herbaria of Kunming Institute of Botany (KUN and the University of Zurich (Z/ZT. Results A total of 17 species have been documented for use in incense. They are always used in mixtures and are either burned in the form of powders in a censer or as joss sticks. The smell of the smoke is the main criterion for the selection of the incense plants. Incense is burned for communication with spiritual entities at graves, temples, and cooking stoves, as well as for personal well-being. Cupressus funebris Endl., Gaultheria fragrantissima Wall., and Ligustrum sempervirens (Franch. Lingelsh. are the most important incense species. Others serve as substitutes or are used to stretch incense powders. Conclusions In Shaxi the use of incense mixtures at the household and community level is regularly practiced for communication with ancestors, ghosts, and deities and in some cases to strengthen self-awareness. Some of the documented species are widely used in central Asia and Europe, hinting at the well documented knowledge exchange that occurred in Shaxi, which was a major hub along the influential Southern Silk Road.

  11. Negative Effect of Bai Language Phonetics and the Measures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜慧瑛

    2015-01-01

    As China's international social status rising and international communication is strengthening, to master a standard and fluent English is necessary to the contemporary col ege students. But in the modern English learning process, the negative transfer phenomenon of mother tongue dialect always puzzles most English learners . Many people have researched on the negative transfer of mother tongue in English phonetics, but fewer focus on some special dialects which have phonetic deficiency. Dali dialects the Bai language have an important influence on English learning. According to the Language learning transfer theory, on the basis of using scientific methods , consulting existing resources and documents, this essay discurses the negative transfer of Bai language in English phonetics from vowels, consonants and tones. Moreover , it puts forward some feasible learning methods hoping to attract learners attention.

  12. Plague foci in Viet Nam: zoological and parasitological aspects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suntsov, V V; Huong, L T; Suntsova, N I; Gratz, N G

    1997-01-01

    Reported are the results of studies over the period 1989-94 on host-flea complexes in small mammals and their flea ectoparasites in and around a number of human settlements in Viet Nam in which human cases of plague had been found. Collections were also made in savanna and tropical forest areas within a 10-km radius of the settlements. The greatest numbers of small mammals, for the most part Rattus spp., and of the flea ectoparasite Xenopsylla cheopis were found in inhabited areas. X. cheopis was not found on any feral or sylvan mammal further than 0.6 km from settlements. A possible link between wild and commensal mammals may be provided by the flea Lentistivalius klossi, a specific parasite of squirrels and tree-shrews but also found in very small numbers on commensal rats. No zoonotic foci of plague were found in the immediate vicinity of the villages studied and it is most likely that plague persists in a commensal rat-X. cheopis cycle in and around human settlements in Viet Nam.

  13. Effectiveness of the Viet Nam produced, mouse brain-derived, inactivated Japanese encephalitis vaccine in Northern Viet Nam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florian Marks

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Japanese encephalitis (JE is a flaviviral disease of public health concern in many parts of Asia. JE often occurs in large epidemics, has a high case-fatality ratio and, among survivors, frequently causes persistent neurological sequelae and mental disabilities. In 1997, the Vietnamese government initiated immunization campaigns targeting all children aged 1-5 years. Three doses of a locally-produced, mouse brain-derived, inactivated JE vaccine (MBV were given. This study aims at evaluating the effectiveness of Viet Nam's MBV. METHODOLOGY: A matched case-control study was conducted in Northern Viet Nam. Cases were identified through an ongoing hospital-based surveillance. Each case was matched to four healthy controls for age, gender, and neighborhood. The vaccination history was ascertained through JE immunization logbooks maintained at local health centers. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Thirty cases and 120 controls were enrolled. The effectiveness of the JE vaccine was 92.9% [95% CI: 66.6-98.5]. Confounding effects of other risk variables were not observed. CONCLUSIONS: Our results strongly suggest that the locally-produced JE-MBV given to 1-5 years old Vietnamese children was efficacious.

  14. BAI1 regulates spatial learning and synaptic plasticity in the hippocampus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhu, Dan; Li, Chenchen; Swanson, Andrew M

    2015-01-01

    levels of the canonical PSD component PSD-95 in the brain, which stems from protein destabilization. We determined that BAI1 prevents PSD-95 polyubiquitination and degradation through an interaction with murine double minute 2 (MDM2), the E3 ubiquitin ligase that regulates PSD-95 stability. Restoration...... of PSD-95 expression in hippocampal neurons in BAI1-deficient mice by viral gene therapy was sufficient to compensate for Bai1 loss and rescued deficits in synaptic plasticity. Together, our results reveal that interaction of BAI1 with MDM2 in the brain modulates PSD-95 levels and thereby regulates...

  15. Language Contact as Bilingual Contrast among Bai Language Users in Jianchuan County, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hefright, Brook Emerson

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation explores Bai language use in Jianchuan County, China. On the basis of interviews with 42 language users, transcripts of spontaneous conversation and elicited narratives, excerpts from Bai texts in an alphabetic orthography and Chinese characters, and six months of participant observation, I demonstrate how language users'…

  16. BMI and BAI as Markers of Obesity in a Caucasian Population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Zwierzchowska

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: BMI is known to have limited accuracy, which is different for males and females with similar body fat content. That is why Bergman et al. (Obesity 2011;19:1083-1089 introduced an alternative variable of obesity, called the body adiposity index (BAI. Their primary research was conducted in samples of Mexican-American and African-American populations. The objective of our research was to investigate the sex-specific relationship between both BMI and BAI and body fat content in a healthy Caucasian population. The accuracy of both indexes was compared. Methods: 684 women and 528 men aged 20-22 years with Caucasian origin only participated in the study. Participants were students of universities in southern Poland. They had no indication of cardiometabolic problems, as evaluated by interview. Results: The study revealed that BAI is a more sensitive method in assessing obesity in Caucasian males rather than BMI. In the population of Caucasian women BAI results indicate a significant underestimation of obesity. Conclusion: The fact that there is a high statistical correlation between BAI and % fat mass among obese and overweight men and women suggests that BAI could be highly specific provided that the BAI cutoffs will be adapted to the European population.

  17. The War in the Delta: Views from Three Viet Cong Battalions

    Science.gov (United States)

    1967-09-01

    hard- ships but in terms of whether or not political education had fortified the troops to the point where they were willing to face the risk of death...was their main consideration, or do they hehV as if their political education had fortified them against the risk of death? In the Viet Cong military

  18. Characterisation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates lacking IS6110 in Viet Nam.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huyen, M.N.; Tiemersma, E.W.; Kremer, K.; Haas, P. de; Lan, N.T.; Buu, T.N.; Sola, C.; Cobelens, F.G.; Soolingen, D. van

    2013-01-01

    SETTING: The molecular diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) in Viet Nam is often based on the detection of insertion sequence (IS) 6110 in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. However, 8-11% of M. tuberculosis strains in South-East Asia do not contain this target and this undermines the validity of these molecular

  19. Root characteristics of some grass species on the sea dikes in Viet Nam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Trung, L.H.

    2012-01-01

    Between 2009 and 2011, some grass-covered sea dikes were tested with the Wave Overtopping Simulator in the north of Viet Nam. Slope specifications and grass species of sea and estuary dikes were quantitatively observed and investigated. This report is concerned with expressing main characteristics o

  20. Psychological and social factors associated with late pregnancy iron deficiency anaemia in rural Viet Nam: a population-based prospective study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thach Duc Tran

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between psychological and social factors and late pregnancy IDA among pregnant women in rural Viet Nam. METHODS: Pregnant women from 50 randomly-selected communes within Ha Nam province were recruited and assessed at 12 - 20 weeks gestation (Wave 1, W1. They were followed up in the last trimester (Wave 2, W2. IDA was defined as Haemoglobin < 11 g/dL and serum ferritin < 15 ng/mL. Symptoms of Common Mental Disorders (CMD were assessed by the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale-Vietnam (EPDS-V. Persistent antenatal CMD was defined as having an EPDS-V score ≥ 4 in both W1 and W2. Hypothesis models were tested by Structural Equation Modeling analyses. RESULTS: A total of 378 women provided complete data at both W1 and W2. The incidence risk of IDA in the third trimester was 13.2% (95% confidence interval (CI: 9.8-16.7. Persistent CMD was found in 16.9% (95% CI: 13.1-20.7 pregnant women and predicted by intimate partner violence, fear of other family members, experience of childhood abuse, coincidental life adversity, and having a preference for the sex of the baby. There was a significant pathway from persistent CMD to IDA in late pregnancy via the length of time that iron supplements had been taken. Receiving advice to take iron supplements and higher household wealth index were indirectly related to lower risk of late pregnancy IDA. Early pregnancy IDA and being multi-parous also contributed to late pregnancy IDA. CONCLUSIONS: Antenatal IDA and CMD are prevalent public health problems among women in Viet Nam. The link between them suggests that while direct recommendations to use iron supplements are important, the social factors associated with common mental disorders should be addressed in antenatal care in order to improve the health of pregnant women and their infants.

  1. Characteristics of tuberculosis patients at intake in Cambodia, two provinces in China, and Viet Nam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoa, Nguyen B; Wei, Chen; Sokun, Chay;

    2011-01-01

    The tuberculosis register is a critical data source for the information system of national tuberculosis control programs. From the information in the tuberculosis case register, it is possible to extend the standard analysis of age and sex characteristics among sputum smear-positive cases to all...

  2. Alcohol Use and HIV Risk Behaviors among Rural Adolescents in Khanh Hoa Province Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaljee, L. M.; Genberg, B. L.; Minh, T. T.; Tho, L. H.; Thoa, L. T. K.; Stanton, B.

    2005-01-01

    Research suggests that youth are consuming more alcohol and at younger ages than in the past. Data also indicate that alcohol consumption is associated with participation in other risk behaviors including aggression and sexual behaviors. As part of a randomized control effectiveness trial for an HIV prevention program, 480 Vietnamese youth (15-20…

  3. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in adults in Khanh Hoa, Viet Nam

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huy Van Tran; M.T. Truong; Thach Nguyen

    2004-01-01

    Background The metabolic syndrome (MS) is characterized by a specific clustering of risk factors, including dyslipidemia, central adiposity, systemic hypertension, insulin resistance, and dysglycemia. It is associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). Accurate data on prevalence and characteristics of MS will facilitate the development of preventive strategies for CVD. Objective To estimate accurately the prevalence of MS among Vietnamese adults with the usual criteria or with the criteria modified for Asian populations. Design and methods We studied a representative, cross-sectional, population-based sample of 856 subjects (mean age 52.82 ± 16.36) classified in three age groups from 15-34 years, 35-54 years and > 54 years of age, living in Khanh Hoa Province, Viet Nam. MS was diagnosed according to the criteria defined by the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expect Panel on Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel Ⅲ) (NCEP-ATP Ⅲ) and by the modified criteria for some Asian populations in which the waist circumference (WC) is considered abnormal if it is > 90 cm for males and > 80 cm for females.Results Using the NCEP-ATP Ⅲ criteria, the prevalence of MS in the studied population was 10.0% (CI 95 %:8.1-12.3). It was 2.4 % in the 15-34 age group (men 4.5% and women 1.2%),5.2% (men 6.3%,women 4.5% ) in 35-54 age group and 15.8% (men 9.7%, women 21.7%) in over 54 age group, respectively. And it was more common in women than in men (11.7% vs 8.0%, P <0.001). Using 2001 population census data of the whole province over 15 years (695 218 habitants) we estimated that about 35 193 people suffered from the MS.The WC was the least common feature of MS (2.1% for men and in 6.1% for women).Overall,45.2 % of the studied population had one feature of MS, 23.1% had two features, 8.2% had three features, 1.6% had four

  4. A Comparative Study of Scarlett and Bai Liusu from a Feminist Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马箐

    2014-01-01

    Scarlett and Bai Liusu, the protagonists of American literary classic Gone with the Wind and Chinese modern literary work Love in a Fallen City, are two distinct women images in the history of world literature. Their female consciousness can be discovered throughout both works. This paper attempts to make a comparative study between the two heroines, by analyzing their female consciousness which is primarily expressed in the pursuit of love, money and independence, as well as their personali⁃ties and destiny. The study discovers that although Scarlett and Bai Liusu experience similar awakening process, their endings are different. The democratic Western culture allows Scarlett to grow up into a rebellious new woman; by contrast, thousands of years of Chinese feudal society decide that Bai Liusu’s female consciousness is not thorough enough.

  5. Strategies of More and Less Successful Bai High School EFL Learners

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Ming

    2003-01-01

    This study aims to explore the choice of language learning strategies between more and lesssuccessful Bai high school EFL learners for whom English is learned as a third language. Sixteen Bai EFLlearners were involved in the current study. A background questionnaire and the Oxford's SILL Question-naire were administered to the participants, and semi - structured interviews were conducted. The reporteddata indicate that successful learners employed more strategies than less successful ones did and metacog-nitive strategies best predicted learning success. Individual strategies used by both successful and lesssuccessful Bai EFL learners were outlined and discussed. The paper concludes with implications of the studyand recommendations for the extension of research in this area.

  6. 白族服饰的文化意蕴%Cultural Implications of Bai Costumes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雯; 郭爱梅

    2012-01-01

    大理民族文化源远流长,民族风情多姿多彩,自古至今沿袭下来的白族服饰文化更以其独特性和审美鉴赏价值,成为中华民族文化的重要组成部分。研究白族服饰的文化意蕴,无疑是了解白族、认识白族文化的最佳切入点。%The ethnic culture in Dali has a long standing, and the ethnic customs are colorful. The costume culture of Bai nationality which, with its characteristics and aesthetic values, has developed from the ancient times now becomes a significant part of Chinese ethnic culture. The study of the cultural implications of Bai costumes is the best breakthrough point to understand the culture of Bai nationality.

  7. Gender dimensions of Viet Nam's comprehensive macroeconomic and structural reform policies

    OpenAIRE

    Packard, Le Anh Tu

    2006-01-01

    From a gender perspective, Viet Nam is an interesting case study because it is widely seen as a 'globalization' success story where historically the social and political status of women have been high compared with women's status in many other developing countries. At the same time, there is concern that women's status may be eroding during the country's rapid transition to a market economy. Thus, it is of interest to examine the relationship between gender equality and economic performance, ...

  8. Oseltamivir resistance among influenza viruses: surveillance in northern Viet Nam, 2009–2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nguyen Thi Kim Phuong

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Antiviral resistance has been reported in seasonal influenza A viruses and avian influenza A(H5N1 viruses in Viet Nam, raising concerns about the efficacy of treatment. Methods: We analysed specimens from two sources during the period 2009–2012: influenza-positive samples from influenza-like illness patients at sentinel clinics in northern Viet Nam and isolates from patients with confirmed A(H5N1 infections. Pyrosequencing was used to detect mutations: H275Y [for A(H1N1 and A(H5N1], E119V [for A(H3N2] and I117V [for A(H5N1]. A neuraminidase inhibition assay was used to determine the Inhibitory Concentration 50 (IC50 values for all influenza A and B isolates. Results: There were 341 influenza A positive samples identified; influenza A(H1N1pdm09 was identified most frequently (n = 215. In 2009, oseltamivir resistance was observed in 100% (19 of 19 of seasonal A(H1N1 isolates and 1.4% (3/215 of A(H1N1pdm09 isolates. This H275Y mutation was not found in influenza subtypes A(H5N1 or A(H3N2 isolates. Discussion: In Viet Nam, seasonal and A(H5N1 influenza vaccines are not currently available; thus, effective treatment is required. The presence of oseltamivir-resistant viruses is therefore a concern. Active surveillance for oseltamivir resistance among influenza viruses circulating in Viet Nam should be continued.

  9. Early marriage and intimate partner violence among adolescents and young adults in Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong Le, Minh Thi; Tran, Thach Duc; Nguyen, Huong Thanh; Fisher, Jane

    2014-03-01

    Research about the association between early marriage and intimate partner violence (IPV) in low-income countries has yielded conflicting evidence. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of and associations between early marriage, and IPV among adolescents and young adults in Viet Nam. Secondary analysis of data from the national Survey Assessment of Viet Namese Youth-Round II (SAVY-II) conducted in 2009-2010, which assessed a representative cohort of people aged 14 to 25 years recruited via a systematic household survey was undertaken. Prevalence was established using descriptive statistics. The association between early marriage and IPV was examined using multiple logistic regressions, adjusting for potential risk factors. Of 10,044 participants, 1,701 had ever married and were included in analyses. Early marriage (before age 18), and experiences of verbal, physical, or sexual IPV were more common among females than males. More young married men than women reported experiences of controlling behaviors by their partners. Early marriage, being illiterate, and exposure to sexual abuse were associated with experience of IPV among young females, but not among young males. Poverty and exposure to family violence was associated with IPV in both sexes. Addressing early marriage, low educational opportunities for girls, childhood sexual abuse, family violence, and poverty should be considered in strategies to reduce IPV in Viet Nam.

  10. Towards a lifelong learning society through reading promotion: Opportunities and challenges for libraries and community learning centres in Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossain, Zakir

    2016-04-01

    The government of Viet Nam has made a commitment to build a Lifelong Learning Society by 2020. A range of related initiatives have been launched, including the Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization Centre for Lifelong Learning (SEAMEO CELLL) and "Book Day" - a day aimed at encouraging reading and raising awareness of its importance for the development of knowledge and skills. Viet Nam also aims to implement lifelong learning (LLL) activities in libraries, museums, cultural centres and clubs. The government of Viet Nam currently operates more than 11,900 Community Learning Centres (CLCs) and is in the process of both renovating and innovating public libraries and museums throughout the country. In addition to the work undertaken by the Viet Nam government, a number of enterprises have been initiated by non-governmental organisations and non-profit organisations to promote literacy and lifelong learning. This paper investigates some government initiatives focused on libraries and CLCs and their impact on reading promotion. Proposing a way forward, the paper confirms that Viet Nam's libraries and CLCs play an essential role in promoting reading and building a LLL Society.

  11. Emerging Roles of BAI Adhesion-GPCRs in Synapse Development and Plasticity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph G. Duman

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Synapses mediate communication between neurons and enable the brain to change in response to experience, which is essential for learning and memory. The sites of most excitatory synapses in the brain, dendritic spines, undergo rapid remodeling that is important for neural circuit formation and synaptic plasticity. Abnormalities in synapse and spine formation and plasticity are associated with a broad range of brain disorders, including intellectual disabilities, autism spectrum disorders (ASD, and schizophrenia. Thus, elucidating the mechanisms that regulate these neuronal processes is critical for understanding brain function and disease. The brain-specific angiogenesis inhibitor (BAI subfamily of adhesion G-protein-coupled receptors (adhesion-GPCRs has recently emerged as central regulators of synapse development and plasticity. In this review, we will summarize the current knowledge regarding the roles of BAIs at synapses, highlighting their regulation, downstream signaling, and physiological functions, while noting the roles of other adhesion-GPCRs at synapses. We will also discuss the relevance of BAIs in various neurological and psychiatric disorders and consider their potential importance as pharmacological targets in the treatment of these diseases.

  12. Psiholoģiskā terora darba vietā tiesiskais regulējums

    OpenAIRE

    Laizāne, Santa

    2010-01-01

    Maģistra darbā „Psiholoģiskā terora darba vietā tiesiskais regulējums” darba autore ir aplūkojusi tiesību zinātnē līdz šim maz pētītu jautājumu. Neētiskas un aizskarošas uzvedības darba vietā apzīmēšanai netiek lietots vienots, starptautiski atzīts termins. Darba autore darbā lieto jēdzienu „psiholoģiskais terors” ar to saprotot personai nevēlamu, neētisku, aizskarošu, naidīgu rīcību, ko viena vai vairākas personas sistemātiski vērš pret darbinieku ilgstošā laika posmā, tādējādi kaitējot darb...

  13. Survey of food-hygiene practices at home and childhood diarrhoea in Hanoi, Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takanashi, Kumiko; Chonan, Yuko; Quyen, Dao To; Khan, Nguyen Cong; Poudel, Krishna C; Jimba, Masamine

    2009-10-01

    A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the potential factors of food-hygiene practices of mothers on the prevalence of diarrhoea among their children. Mothers who had children aged 6 months-5 years were recruited in a hamlet in Viet Nam. The food-hygiene practices included hand-washing, method of washing utensils, separation of utensils for raw and cooked food, and the location where foods were prepared for cooking. A face-to-face interview was conducted, and data on 206 mothers were analyzed. The risk of diarrhoea was significantly higher among children whose mothers prepared food for cooking somewhere other than the table (typically on the ground) compared to children whose mothers prepared food on the table (adjusted odds ratio = 2.85, 95% confidence interval 1.11-7.28). The results indicate that food-hygiene practices of mothers, such as avoiding preparing food for cooking on the ground, has a potential impact in preventing diarrhoea among children in Viet Nam.

  14. Prevalence of and risk factors for violent disciplinary practices at home in Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cappa, Claudia; Dam, Hang

    2014-02-01

    Data on parenting practices and the use of violence in child rearing remain scarce worldwide, hindering prevention efforts. This study examines disciplinary methods used on children at home in Viet Nam. It is based on data collected from 2010 to 2011 through the fourth round of the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS4)-a household survey program supported by the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) that focuses on women and children in low- and middle-income countries. Respondents in the survey were asked 11 questions relating to disciplinary measures used in the preceding month on one randomly selected child (2-14 years old) in each household. A final question about attitudes probed adults' views on the need for physical punishment in child rearing. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to estimate the prevalence of violent and nonviolent forms of discipline, and to identify risk factors associated with violent punishment. Results showed that three in four children in Viet Nam are disciplined through violent means. The exposure of Vietnamese children to violent forms of discipline was significantly associated with varied characteristics of both children and their caregivers. Moreover, the use of violent disciplinary practices on children was strongly associated with positive attitudes toward corporal punishment. Risk factors for violent child discipline identified in this study can inform future interventions to promote positive practices and to protect Vietnamese children against violence in the home.

  15. Towards a Lifelong Learning Society through Reading Promotion: Opportunities and Challenges for Libraries and Community Learning Centres in Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossain, Zakir

    2016-01-01

    The government of Viet Nam has made a commitment to build a Lifelong Learning Society by 2020. A range of related initiatives have been launched, including the Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization Centre for Lifelong Learning (SEAMEO CELLL) and "Book Day"--a day aimed at encouraging reading and raising awareness of its…

  16. Electric two-wheelers in India and Viet Nam: Market analysis and environmental impacts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cherry, C.; Luke Jones [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)

    2009-07-01

    Electric two-wheelers, which include vehicles ranging from electric bicycles to electric scooters, are becoming increasingly popular and important forms of urban transport in Asian cities, particularly in the People's Republic of China (PRC). While electric two-wheelers' popularity is evident in the PRC, their acceptance and adoption in other Asian countries is much more modest. The potential environmental benefit to Asian cities of electric two-wheelers could be significant, especially if electric two-wheelers replaced gasoline scooters and motorcycles. Electric two-wheelers in the PRC have been shown to have some of the lowest emission rates per kilometer compared to any motorized mode. This report consists of three main analyses for two Asian cities, Ahmedabad, India, and Ha Noi, Viet Nam. The first is a market analysis of both cities, using disaggregate stated-preference choice modeling method derived from user surveys to estimate the factors that influence electric two-wheeler purchase. Factors tested include vehicle price and performance characteristics, as well as variables like tax and licensing policy. The second analysis investigates electric two-wheeler emission rates based on electricity generation characteristics in Viet Nam and India. These analyses were conducted using two aggregate models to estimate primary pollutants and carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}). The final section of this report combines the market models with the emission estimates to develop scenarios of vehicle adoption and the influence of those varied adoption rates on average emissions of the two-wheeler population in each of these cities. Electric two-wheelers are much cleaner than their gasoline-powered two-wheeled counterparts on most metrics. Gasoline two-wheelers emit approximately double the CO{sub 2}, an order of magnitude more nitrogen oxides and particulate matter 10, and several orders of magnitude more volatile organic compounds and carbon monoxide. Particulate matter

  17. A multicentre molecular analysis of hepatitis B and blood-borne virus coinfections in Viet Nam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Dunford

    Full Text Available Hepatitis B (HBV infection is endemic in Viet Nam, with up to 8.4 million individuals estimated to be chronically infected. We describe results of a large, multicentre seroepidemiological and molecular study of the prevalence of HBV infection and blood-borne viral coinfections in Viet Nam. Individuals with varying risk factors for infection (n = 8654 were recruited from five centres; Ha Noi, Hai Phong, Da Nang, Khanh Hoa and Can Tho. A mean prevalence rate of 10.7% was observed and levels of HBsAg were significantly higher in injecting drug users (IDUs (17.4%, n = 174/1000 and dialysis patients (14.3%, n = 82/575 than in lower-risk groups (9.4%; p<0.001. Coinfection with HIV was seen in 28% of HBV-infected IDUs (n = 49/174 and 15.2% of commercial sex workers (CSWs; n = 15/99. HCV infection was present in 89.8% of the HBV-HIV coinfected IDUs (n = 44/49 and 40% of HBV-HIV coinfected CSWs (n = 16/40. Anti-HDV was detected in 10.7% (n = 34/318 of HBsAg positive individuals. Phylogenetic analysis of HBV S gene (n = 187 showed a predominance of genotype B4 (82.6%; genotypes C1 (14.6%, B2 (2.7% and C5 (0.5% were also identified. The precore mutation G1896A was identified in 35% of all specimens, and was more frequently observed in genotype B (41% than genotype C (3%; p<0.0001. In the immunodominant 'a' region of the surface gene, point mutations were identified in 31% (n = 58/187 of sequences, and 2.2% (n = 4/187 and 5.3% (n = 10/187 specimens contained the major vaccine escape mutations G145A/R and P120L/Q/S/T, respectively. 368 HBsAg positive individuals were genotyped for the IL28B SNP rs12979860 and no significant association between the IL28B SNP and clearance of HBsAg, HBV viral load or HBeAg was observed. This study confirms the high prevalence of HBV infection in Viet Nam and also highlights the significant levels of blood-borne virus coinfections, which have important implications for hepatitis-related morbidity and development of effective

  18. Consequences of gestational diabetes in an urban hospital in Viet Nam: a prospective cohort study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jane E Hirst

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM is increasing and is a risk for type 2 diabetes. Evidence supporting screening comes mostly from high-income countries. We aimed to determine prevalence and outcomes in urban Viet Nam. We compared the proposed International Association of the Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG criterion, requiring one positive value on the 75-g glucose tolerance test, to the 2010 American Diabetes Association (ADA criterion, requiring two positive values. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a prospective cohort study in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam. Study participants were 2,772 women undergoing routine prenatal care who underwent a 75-g glucose tolerance test and interview around 28 (range 24-32 wk. GDM diagnosed by the ADA criterion was treated by local protocol. Women with GDM by the IADPSG criterion but not the ADA criterion were termed "borderline" and received standard care. 2,702 women (97.5% of cohort were followed until discharge after delivery. GDM was diagnosed in 164 participants (6.1% by the ADA criterion, 550 (20.3% by the IADPSG criterion. Mean body mass index was 20.45 kg/m(2 in women with out GDM, 21.10 in women with borderline GDM, and 21.81 in women with GDM, p<0.001. Women with GDM and borderline GDM were more likely to deliver preterm, with adjusted odds ratios (aORs of 1.49 (95% CI 1.16-1.91 and 1.52 (1.03-2.24, respectively. They were more likely to have clinical neonatal hypoglycaemia, aORs of 4.94 (3.41-7.14 and 3.34 (1.41-7.89, respectively. For large for gestational age, the aORs were 1.16 (0.93-1.45 and 1.31 (0.96-1.79, respectively. There was no significant difference in large for gestational age, death, severe birth trauma, or maternal morbidity between the groups. Women with GDM underwent more labour inductions, aOR 1.51 (1.08-2.11. CONCLUSIONS: Choice of criterion greatly affects GDM prevalence in Viet Nam. Women with GDM by the IADPSG criterion were at risk of preterm delivery

  19. Long-term monitoring of Dzanga Bai forest elephants: forest clearing use patterns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turkalo, Andrea K; Wrege, Peter H; Wittemyer, George

    2013-01-01

    Individual identification of the relatively cryptic forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis) at forest clearings currently provides the highest quality monitoring data on this ecologically important but increasingly threatened species. Here we present baseline data from the first 20 years of an individually based study of this species, conducted at the Dzanga Clearing, Central African Republic. A total of 3,128 elephants were identified over the 20-year study (1,244 adults; 675 females, 569 males). It took approximately four years for the majority of elephants visiting the clearing to be identified, but new elephants entered the clearing every year of the study. The study population was relatively stable, varying from 1,668 to 1,864 individuals (including juveniles and infants), with increasingly fewer males than females over time. The age-class distribution for females remained qualitatively unchanged between 1995 and 2010, while the proportion of adult males decreased from 20% to 10%, likely reflecting increased mortality. Visitation patterns by individuals were highly variable, with some elephants visiting monthly while others were ephemeral users with visits separated by multiple years. The number of individuals in the clearing at any time varied between 40 and 100 individuals, and there was little evidence of a seasonal pattern in this variation. The number of elephants entering the clearing together (defined here as a social group) averaged 1.49 (range 1-12) for males and 2.67 (range 1-14) for females. This collation of 20 years of intensive forest elephant monitoring provides the first detailed, long term look at the ecology of bai visitation for this species, offering insight to the ecological significance and motivation for bai use, social behavior, and threats to forest elephants. We discuss likely drivers (rainfall, compression, illegal killing, etc.) influencing bai visitation rates. This study provides the baseline for future demographic and behavioral

  20. Manual on sample-based data collection for fisheries assessment : Examples from Viet Nam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sparre, Per Johan

    This manual deals with the practical implementation of a routine data collection programme. This programme is developed through a top-down approach, from the identification of the objectives down to the practical recording and management of data obtained from the fishery. The issues are dealt...... with through both detailed discussion and by using simple examples. These examples are mostly based on situations in tropical fisheries and, in particular, experience has been drawn from developing a data collection programme in Viet Nam. The main questions addressed in the manual are which fisheries data...... to collect, where and when to collect them. Only data collected from commercial marine capture fisheries are considered (data from freshwater fisheries, cultured fish and experimental fisheries are excluded). The methodologies used are mainly appropriate for a tropical developing country with many small...

  1. 李白羌族文化%Li Bai and Qiang Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周勋初

    2008-01-01

    以往的研究曾试图从多方面揭开李白之谜,但从其家庭出身及童年受羌族文化浸润的角度来研究李白的独特之处,却鲜有人涉及.李白的诗中经常出现"白"字,而且屡屡提及骑羊子葛南的传说,说明其受羌族及其文化影响之深.李白日夜渴望游访越地的仙洞,也与羌族文化有关.道教起源于羌族的葬礼,李白诗中赤松子驾紫气升天的描写,说明蜀羌的地域义化对其影响之深远.另外,李白喜欢的歌舞也与羌族歌舞关系密切.%Previous studies have attempted to unveil the mystery of Li Bai from various perspectives.This paper tries to reveal Li Bai'S uniqueness by considering his family roots and his immersion in Qiang culture in his early poems and that he often thinks of the legend of Ge You,goat rider,demonstrate that he is deeply influenced by the Qiang people and their culture.The reason why he longed day and night to visit the immortals in the grottos of the mountains in Yue iS also related to Qiang culture.Taoism was derived from the funeral customs of the Qiang people,and hence the depictions about Chisongzi who rose up to heaven in purple haze in Li Bai'S poems show how immense the influence of the regional culture of Shu and Qiang culture on Li Bai was.in addition,the music he enjoyed and the dance he performed are also closely associated with those of Qiang people.

  2. Advance International S&T Cooperation and Exchanges--An Interview with TWAS President-elect BAI Chun%Advance International S&T Cooperation and Exchanges--An Interview with TWAS President-elect BAI Chun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    At the 23^rd General Meeting of TWAS (The World Academy of Sciences for the Advancement of Science in Developing Countries), held in Tianjin, China, in September, 2012, CAS President Prof. BAI Chunli was elected, by a majority vote, its new president. The organization has a membership of more than 1,000 world-renowned scientists (including 17 Nobel Prize winners) from more than 90 countries. He is the first Chinese to hold the position since the academy was founded nearly 30 years ago. After the election, Prof. Bai granted the Bulletin of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (BCAS) an interview on issues of importance to world science development.

  3. 白族家谱的特色及价值%The Characteristic and Value of Bai Genealogy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何俊伟

    2014-01-01

    白族家谱深受汉族家谱的影响,在秉承中国传统家谱文化的同时,在家谱编纂特征之篇幅、体裁、体例、首纂时间、追溯历史等方面;在家谱内容特性之白族姓氏族源、冠姓父子连名制、重名制、白文记载等方面都具有鲜明的民族特色。白族家谱是记载白族历史文化的资料库,对补正史料、白族民俗的研究及建设现代家庭道德和精神文明都具有重要的价值。%Influenced by the Han genealogy and absorbs traditional Chinese culture at the same time, Bai genealogy possesses its own distinct ethnic characteristics in compilation features of genealogy: space, genre, style, the first compilation time and history; and in content characteristics of genealogy:the origin of Bai surname, naming conventions—Han surname with linking given name between father and son, father and son share the same name and the records written in Bai language, etc. Bai genealogy records, the database of Bai history and culture, which enjoy great research values in the correction of historical data and Bai custom, and the construction of modern family's moral and spiritual civilization.

  4. Allele frequency of 19 autosomal STR loci in the Bai population from the southwestern region of mainland China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yi; Hong, Yine; Li, Xiujiang; Yang, Jinmeng; Li, Lanjiang; Huang, Ying; Wang, Chuanchao; Li, Hui; Xu, Bingying

    2015-10-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate a 19 STR loci database using the Bai population from China. This multiplex amplification kit included 13 CODIS STR markers and six plus STR markers (D19S433, Penta E, D2S1338, Penta D, D6S1043, and D12S391) that were successfully analyzed by using 1158 DNA samples from the Bai population from the southwestern part of mainland China. These results indicate that this multiplex amplification kit may provide significant polymorphic information for kinship testing and relationship investigations.

  5. Endoparasites of western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) at Bai Hokou, Central African Republic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freeman, Andrea S; Kinsella, John M; Cipolletta, Chloe; Deem, Sharon L; Karesh, William B

    2004-10-01

    A coprologic study of free-ranging western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) at Bai Hokou, Dzangha-Ndoki National Park, Central African Republic (2 degrees 51'34''N, 16 degrees 28'03''E) was conducted from October 1999 to November 2000. All 75 fecal samples examined were positive for endoparasites, and each contained at least two species. Parasites present included two genera of amoebae, entodiniomorph ciliates, including Prototapirella gorillae, Troglodytella spp., and Gorillophilus thoracatus, a Balantidium-like organism, strongyle/trichostrongyle eggs (including a presumptive Mammomonogamus sp. and several other genera), Strongyloides sp., Probstmayria sp., a spirurid, a trichuroid, and several unidentified trematodes. Flagellates and cestodes were not found. Despite the presence of a variety of parasite genera, in general, levels of parasitism were low. These data provide baseline parasitologic data for this population as part of a comprehensive health-monitoring program. With the advent of ecotourism in this study area, continued monitoring is indicated for insuring the health of both gorillas and humans in the Bai Hokou study area.

  6. Residual stress dependant anisotropic band gap of various (hkl) oriented BaI2 films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Pradeep; Gulia, Vikash; Vedeshwar, Agnikumar G.

    2013-11-01

    The thermally evaporated layer structured BaI2 grows in various completely preferred (hkl) film orientations with different growth parameters like film thickness, deposition rate, substrate temperature, etc. which were characterized by structural, morphological, and optical absorption measurements. Structural analysis reveals the strain in the films and the optical absorption shows a direct type band gap. The varying band gaps of these films were found to scale linearly with their strain. The elastic moduli and other constants were also calculated using Density Functional Theory (DFT) formalism implemented in WIEN2K code for converting the strain into residual stress. Films of different six (hkl) orientations show stress free anisotropic band gaps (2.48-3.43 eV) and both positive and negative pressure coefficients. The negative and positive pressure coefficients of band gap are attributed to the strain in I-I (or Ba-Ba or both) and Ba-I distances along [hkl], respectively. The calculated band gaps are also compared with those experimentally determined. The average pressure coefficient of band gap of all six orientations (-0.071 eV/GPa) found to be significantly higher than that calculated (-0.047 eV/GPa) by volumetric pressure dependence. Various these issues have been discussed with consistent arguments. The electron effective mass me*=0.66m0 and the hole effective mass mh*=0.53m0 have been determined from the calculated band structure.

  7. Collision-induced basalt eruptions at Pleiku and Buôn Mê Thuột, south-central Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoàng, Nguyễn; Flower, Martin F. J.; Chí, Cung Thu'ọ'ng; Xuân, Phạm Tích; Quý, Hoàng Văn; Sơn, Trần Thanh

    2013-09-01

    Neogene-Quaternary basalts occur as dispersed volcanic clusters in the vicinity of the Tethyan tectonic belt, possibly representing 'far-field' effects of the Early Tertiary collisions of Gondwana fragments with the southern margin of Eurasia. In Indochina, such a 'Diffuse Igneous Province' post-dates the 45-42 Ma 'hard' India-Asia collision and southeastward, collision induced (c. 30-17 Ma.), extrusion of Indochina. Extrusion was accommodated by left-lateral strike-slip shearing on the Ailao Shan-Red River Fault, coeval with seafloor spreading in the East Viet Nam (South China) Sea. The Indochina basalts mostly comprise shield-building tholeiites capped by small-volume undersaturated types, the latter often bearing mantle xenoliths and 'exotic' xenocrysts such as sapphire, zircon. They appeared at c. 17 Ma, more-or-less coinciding with the cessation of both continental extrusion and seafloor spreading. At this point extensional stress appears to have shifted westwards to continental Indochina, with magmatic activity appearing, characteristically, at 'pull-apart' basins. However, the relationship of mantle melting beneath this region to its geodynamic setting is controversial, being variously attributed to mantle plumes, extreme lithospheric stretching, and lateral asthenospheric displacement. There is little or no definitive evidence for regional mantle upwelling while lithosphere stretching alone appears to be insufficient to allow for melting, Here, we present geochemical and Sr, Nd, and Pb isotopic (and paleomagnetic data), for cored sections from the Pleiku and Buon Mê Thuột plateaus in south-central Viet Nam, representative in most respects of the Indochina province as a whole. In the Pleiku shield olivine tholeiite flows are intercalated with quartz tholeiites while, in contrast, alkali basalts predominate over olivine tholeiite in the Buon Mê Thuột (BMT) shield. The first of these features (in Pleiku) probably reflects crustal wall-rock reaction while

  8. Seasonal variability of faecal indicator bacteria numbers and die-off rates in the Red River basin, North Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Huong Thi Mai; Le, Quynh Thi Phuong; Garnier, J; Janeau, J-L; Rochelle-Newall, E

    2016-01-01

    The Red River is the second largest river in Viet Nam and constitutes the main water source for a large percentage of the population of North Viet Nam. Here we present the results of an annual survey of Escherichia coli (EC) and Total Coliforms (TC) in the Red River basin, North Viet Nam. The objective of this work was to obtain information on faecal indicator bacteria (FIB) numbers over an annual cycle and, secondly, to determine the die-off rates of these bacterial indicators. Monthly observations at 10 stations from July 2013-June 2014 showed that TC and EC reached as high as 39100 cfu (colony forming units) 100 ml(-1) and 15300 colonies 100 ml(-1), respectively. We observed a significant seasonal difference for TC (p die-off rates ranged from 0.01 d(-1) to a maximum of 1.13 d(-1) for EC and from 0.17 d(-1) to 1.33 d(-1) for TC. Die-off rates were significantly higher for free bacteria than for total (free + particle attached) bacteria, suggesting that particle attachment provided a certain level of protection to FIB in this system.

  9. Polymorphism of Plasmodium falciparum Na+/H+ exchanger is indicative of a low in vitro quinine susceptibility in isolates from Viet Nam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thanh Nguyen

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Plasmodium falciparum NA+/H+ exchanger (pfnhe1, gene PF13_0019 has recently been proposed to influence quinine (QN susceptibility. However, its contribution to QN resistance seems to vary geographically depending on the genetic background of the parasites. Here, the role of this gene was investigated in in vitro QN susceptibility of isolates from Viet Nam. Method Ninety-eight isolates were obtained from three different regions of the Binh Phuoc and Dak Nong bordering Cambodia provinces during 2006-2008. Among these, 79 were identified as monoclonal infection and were genotyped at the microsatellite pfnhe1 ms4760 locus and in vitro QN sensitivity data were obtained for 51 isolates. Parasite growth was assessed in the field using the HRP2 immunodetection assay. Results Significant associations were found between polymorphisms at pfnhe1 microsatellite ms4760 and susceptibility to QN. Isolates with two or more DNNND exhibited much lower susceptibility to QN than those harbouring zero or one DNNND repeats (median IC50 of 682 nM versus median IC50 of 300 nM; p = 0.0146 while isolates with one NHNDNHNNDDD repeat presented significantly reduced QN susceptibility than those who had two (median IC50 of 704 nM versus median IC50 of 375 nM; p pfcrt76T and wild-type pfmdr1 (> 95% thus preventing analysis of associations with these mutations. Interestingly, area with the highest median QN IC50 showed also the highest percentage of isolates carrying the pfnhe1 haplotype 7. Conclusions The haplotype 7 which is the typical Asian profile is likely well-adapted to high drug pressure in this area and may constitute a good genetic marker to evaluate the dissemination of QNR in this part of the world.

  10. Management and treatment outcomes of patients enrolled in MDR-TB treatment in Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phuong, N T M; Nhung, N V; Hoa, N B; Thuy, H T; Takarinda, K C; Tayler-Smith, K; Harries, A D

    2016-03-21

    Contexte : La prise en charge de la tuberculose (TB) pharmacorésistante au Viet Nam a bénéficié d'une accélération considérable depuis 2009.Objectifs : Documenter le nombre annuel de patients enrôlés pour un traitement de TB multirésistante (TB-MDR) entre 2010 et 2014, et déterminer les caractéristiques et les résultats du traitement des patients qui l'out commencé entre 2010 et 2012.Schéma : Etude rétrospective de cohorte basée sur les rapports nationaux et les données du système national de données électroniques pour la TB pharmacorésistante.Résultats : Le nombre de patients enrôlés chaque année pour traitement de TB-MDR a augmenté de 97 en 2010 à 1522 en 2014. La majorité des patients étaient des hommes d'âge moyen qui avaient une atteinte pulmonaire et chez qui un protocole de retraitement avait échoué ; 77% d'entre eux avaient reçu au moins deux traitements de TB. De bons résultats (guérison et achèvement du traitement) ont été obtenus chez 73% des patients. Les résultats défavorables incluaient les sujets perdus de vue (12,5%), les décès (8%) et les échecs (6,3%). Avoir eu plus de deux traitements préalables et être positif pour le virus de l'immunodéficience humaine étaient associés à des résultats défavorables.Conclusion : Un nombre croissant de patients est traité pour TB-MDR chaque année dans le cadre du programme national de prise en charge au Viet Nam, avec de bons résultats. Cependant, il est nécessaire d'augmenter la détection des cas (actuellement seulement 30% des 5100 cas de TB-MDR estimés par an), de réduire la proportion de résultats défavorables et d'améliorer le suivi et l'évaluation.

  11. Collaborative activities and treatment outcomes in patients with HIV-associated tuberculosis in Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huyen, T T T; Nhung, N V; Shewade, H D; Hoa, N B; Harries, A D

    2016-03-21

    Contexte : Le programme national tuberculose (TB) au Viet Nam et à Ho Chi Minh ville (HCMC).Objectifs : Déterminer 1) au niveau national entre 2011 et 2013, la relation entre le test pour le virus de l'immunodéficience humaine (VIH), l'utilisation des interventions TB-VIH et les mauvais résultats du traitement de la TB parmi les patients TB-VIH, et 2) à HCMC en 2013, les caractéristiques des patients associées à un mauvais résultat.Schéma : Une étude écologique revoyant les données nationales agrégées et une étude de cohorte rétrospective dans HCMC.Résultats : Au niveau national, le test VIH est passé de 58% à 68% chez les patients tuberculeux et le traitement antirétroviral (ART) est passé chez les patients TB-VIH de 54% à 63% entre 2011 et 2013. Les mauvais résultats du traitement chez les patients TB-VIH ont augmenté de 24% à 27%, largement à cause des transferts (de 5% à 9%) et des décès. Les régions du Nord et des Highlands ont montré une faible utilisation des interventions TB-VIH. A HCMC, 303 (27%) patients TB-VIH sur 1110 ont eu un mauvais résultat avec un risque plus élevé observé parmi ceux qui avaient déjà eu un traitement de TB, ceux dont le diagnostic de VIH précédait l'apparition de la TB et ceux qui n'avaient jamais bénéficié du traitement par cotrimoxazole et de l'ART.Conclusion : En dépit de meilleurs taux de tests VIH et d'interventions TB-VIH, près de 26% des patients TB-VIH ont de mauvais résultats du traitement de la TB. Les facteurs de prédiction d'un risque plus élevé de mauvais résultats doivent être pris en compte si le Viet Nam souhaite mettre fin à l'épidémie de TB d'ici 2030.

  12. 白汉双语教育及其教材建设%Bai-Chinese Bilingual Education and Teaching Material Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张霞

    2012-01-01

    白汉双语教育是教学中同时使用汉语和汉字、白语和拼音白文的双语双文型的双语教育活动。白汉双语教育工作主要在白族人口比例最高的大理州剑川县西中小学和石龙小学开展。为配合白汉双语教育工作的开展,有关部门编写、出版了三种类型的白汉双语教育教材。白汉双语教育工作的开展及其教材建设丰富了民汉双语教育理论和学科建设。%[ Bai-Chinese bilingual education refers to the bilingual education using mandarin, Chinese character, Bai language, and Bai phonetic character in the class. Bai-Chinese bilingual education has been carried out mostly in Xizhong Primary School and Shilong Primary School of Jianehuan County in Dali Prefecture where there is the highest population of Bai people. To carry out Bai- Chinese bilingual education, three types of teaching materials have been compiled. The practice of Bai-Chinese bilingual education and the teaching material construction have enriched the theory and subject construction of minority language and Chinese bilingual education.

  13. Supervisors and accomplices: extra-marital sex among migrant construction workers in Ha Noi, Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thuy, Bui Thi Thanh; Kretchmar, Joshua

    2008-06-01

    This study examines the influence of social networks on the sexual relations of migrant construction workers in Ha Noi, Viet Nam. Research included observation and interviews with members of two different groups of workers. The first group, together with their employer (cai), came from the same village; the second group came from different villages. Of interest in the present study was how social relationships among workers and their employers influence extra-marital sexual activity. In the group where workers and their cai came from the same village of origin, fear of acquiring a bad reputation made these workers reluctant to seek sex services, since accounts of their behaviour were transmitted quickly home. In contrast, workers from the group who came from different villages often went out together to purchase sex. The absence of direct links to their villages of origin made it easier for these latter workers to conceal their activity. The implication of these findings for sexual safety and risk are discussed.

  14. Effect of land use change on water discharge in Srepok watershed, Central Highland, Viet Nam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nguyen Thi Ngoc Quyen

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Srepok watershed plays an important role in Central Highland in Viet Nam. It impacts to developing social-economic conditions. Therefore, it is necessary to research elements which impact to natural resources in this watershed. The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT model and Geography Information System (GIS were used to simulate water discharge in the Srepok watershed. The objectives of the research were to apply GIS and SWAT model for simulation water discharge and then, we assessed land use change which impacted on water discharge in the watershed. The observed stream flow data from Ban Don Stream gauge station was used to calibrate for the period from 1981 to 2000 and then validate for the period from 2001 to 2009. After using SWAT-CUP software to calibration, NSI reached 0.63 and R square value achieved 0.64 from 2004 to 2008 in calibration and NSI gained good level at 0.74 and R square got 0.75 from 2009 to 2012 in validation step at Ban Don Station. After that, land cover in 2010 was processed like land cover in 2000 and set up SWAT model again. The simulated water discharge in scenario 1 (land use 2000 was compared with scenario 2 (land use 2010, the simulation result was not significant difference between two scenarios because the change of area of land use was not much enough to affect the fluctuation of water discharge. However, the effect of land cover on water resource could be seen clearly via total water yield. The percentage of surface flow in 2000 was twice times more than in 2010; retard and base flow in 2000 was slightly more than in 2010. Therefore, decreased surface flow, increased infiltration capacity of water and enriched base flow resulted in the growth of land cover.

  15. Respiratory virus laboratory pandemic planning an surveillance in central Viet Nam, 2008-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trinh Xuan Mai

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Laboratory capacity is needed in central Viet Nam to provide early warning to public health authorities of respiratory outbreaks of importance to human health, for example the outbreak of influenza A(H1N1 pandemic in 2009. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR procedures established as part of a capacity-building process were used to conduct prospective respiratory surveillance in a region where few previous studies have been undertaken.Methods: Between October 2008 and September 2010, nose and throat swabs from adults and children (approximately 20 per week presenting with an acute respiratory illness to the Ninh Hoa General Hospital were collected. Same-day PCR testing and result reporting for 13 respiratory viruses were carried out by locally trained scientists.Results: Of 2144 surveillance samples tested, 1235 (57.6% were positive for at least one virus. The most common were influenza A strains (17.9%, with pandemic influenza A(H1N1 2009 and seasonal H3N2 strain accounting for 52% and 43% of these, respectively. Other virus detections included: rhinovirus (12.4%, enterovirus (8.9%, influenza B (8.3%, adenovirus (5.3%, parainfluenza (4.7%, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV (3.9%, human coronavirus (3.0% and human metapneumovirus (0.3%. The detection rate was greatest in the 0–5 year age group. Viral co-infections were identified in 148 (6.9% cases.Discussion: The outbreak in 2009 of the influenza A(H1N1 pandemic strain provided a practical test of the laboratory’s pandemic plan. This study shows that the availability of appropriate equipment and molecular-based testing can contribute to important individual and public health outcomes in geographical locations susceptible to emerging infections.

  16. Persisting stigma reduces the utilisation of HIV-related care and support services in Viet Nam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thanh Duong Cong

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Seeking and utilisation of HIV prevention, treatment, care, and support services for people living with HIV is often hampered by HIV-related stigma. The study aimed to explore the perceptions and experiences regarding treatment, care, and support amongst people living with HIV in Viet Nam, where the HIV epidemic is concentrated among injecting drug users, sex workers, and men who have sex with men. Methods In-depth interviews and focus group discussions were conducted during September 2007 in 6 districts in Hai Phong with a very high HIV prevalence among injecting drug users. The information obtained was analysed and merged within topic areas. Illustrative quotes were selected. Results Stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV in the community and healthcare settings was commonly reported, and substantially hampered the seeking and the utilisation of HIV-related services. The informants related the high level of stigma to the way the national HIV preventive campaigns played on fear, by employing a “scare tactic” mainly focusing on drug users and sex workers, who were defined as “social evils” in the anti-drug and anti-prostitution policy. There was a strong exclusion effect caused by the stigma, with serious implications, such as loss of job opportunities and isolation. The support and care provided by family members was experienced as vital for the spirit and hope for the future among people living with HIV. Conclusions A comprehensive care and support programme is needed. The very high levels of stigma experienced seem largely to have been created by an HIV preventive scare tactic closely linked to the “social evil“ approach in the national policy on drug and prostitution. In order to reduce the stigma and create more effective interventions, this tactic will have to be replaced with approaches that create better legal and policy environments for drug users and sex workers.

  17. Immunological and viral determinants of dengue severity in hospitalized adults in Ha Noi, Viet Nam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annette Fox

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The relationships between the infecting dengue serotype, primary and secondary infection, viremia and dengue severity remain unclear. This cross-sectional study examined these interactions in adult patients hospitalized with dengue in Ha Noi. METHODS AND FINDINGS: 158 patients were enrolled between September 16 and November 11, 2008. Quantitative RT-PCR, serology and NS1 detection were used to confirm dengue infection, determine the serotype and plasma viral RNA concentration, and categorize infections as primary or secondary. 130 (82% were laboratory confirmed. Serology was consistent with primary and secondary infection in 34% and 61%, respectively. The infecting serotype was DENV-1 in 42 (32%, DENV-2 in 39 (30% and unknown in 49 (38%. Secondary infection was more common in DENV-2 infections (79% compared to DENV-1 (36%, p<0.001. The proportion that developed dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF was 32% for secondary infection compared to 18% for primary infection (p = 0.14, and 26% for DENV-1 compared to 28% for DENV-2. The time until NS1 and plasma viral RNA were undetectable was shorter for DENV-2 compared to DENV-1 (p≤0.001 and plasma viral RNA concentration on day 5 was higher for DENV-1 (p = 0.03. Plasma viral RNA concentration was higher in secondary infection on day 5 of illness (p = 0.046. We didn't find an association between plasma viral RNA concentration and clinical severity. CONCLUSION: Dengue is emerging as a major public health problem in Ha Noi. DENV-1 and DENV-2 were the prevalent serotypes with similar numbers and clinical presentation. Secondary infection may be more common amongst DENV-2 than DENV-1 infections because DENV-2 infections resulted in lower plasma viral RNA concentrations and viral RNA concentrations were higher in secondary infection. The drivers of dengue emergence in northern Viet Nam need to be elucidated and public health measures instituted.

  18. Bay-annulated indigo (BAI) as an excellent electron accepting building block for high performance organic semiconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Yi; He, Bo; Pun, Andrew

    2016-04-19

    A novel electron acceptor based on bay-annulated indigo (BAI) was synthesized and used for the preparation of a series of high performance donor-acceptor small molecules and polymers. The resulting materials possess low-lying LUMO energy level and small HOMO-LUMO gaps, while their films exhibited high crystallinity upon thermal treatment, commensurate with high field effect mobilities and ambipolar transfer characteristics.

  19. Sound-mixing Mutations in Bai Language of Zhao Zhuang%赵庄白语的合音音变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      赵庄白语属白语南部方言大理土语。在语流中,有些音节由于受到前后其他音节的影响而产生合音音变。赵庄白语的合音音变有合音变调、合音变韵两种形式。当表示语法意义的虚词位于动词、量词等意义更为实在的词类后面时,发生合音变调;当后一音节比前一音节意义更实在时,常发生合音变韵。%Bai language of Zhao Zhuang Language is a southern dialect of Bai. Due to the influence of the syllables before and after, sound-mixing mutations often appears. There are two sound-mixing mutations in Bai language of Zhao Zhuang:tone mutations and final sound mutations. The tone changes when a empty word that expresses grammatical meanings is put before a notional word like verb and qualifier. The final sound changes in the opposite situation.

  20. Aetiologies of central nervous system infection in Viet Nam: a prospective provincial hospital-based descriptive surveillance study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nghia Ho Dang Trung

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Infectious diseases of the central nervous system (CNS remain common and life-threatening, especially in developing countries. Knowledge of the aetiological agents responsible for these infections is essential to guide empiric therapy and develop a rational public health policy. To date most data has come from patients admitted to tertiary referral hospitals in Asia and there is limited aetiological data at the provincial hospital level where most patients are seen. METHODS: We conducted a prospective Provincial Hospital-based descriptive surveillance study in adults and children at thirteen hospitals in central and southern Viet Nam between August 2007-April 2010. The pathogens of CNS infection were confirmed in CSF and blood samples by using classical microbiology, molecular diagnostics and serology. RESULTS: We recruited 1241 patients with clinically suspected infection of the CNS. An aetiological agent was identified in 640/1241 (52% of the patients. The most common pathogens were Streptococcus suis serotype 2 in patients older than 14 years of age (147/617, 24% and Japanese encephalitis virus in patients less than 14 years old (142/624, 23%. Mycobacterium tuberculosis was confirmed in 34/617 (6% adult patients and 11/624 (2% paediatric patients. The acute case fatality rate (CFR during hospital admission was 73/617 (12% in adults and to 42/624 (7% in children. CONCLUSIONS: Zoonotic bacterial and viral pathogens are the most common causes of CNS infection in adults and children in Viet Nam.

  1. Supply- and Demand-Side Factors Influencing Utilization of Infant and Young Child Feeding Counselling Services in Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Phuong H; Kim, Sunny S; Nguyen, Tuan T; Tran, Lan M; Hajeebhoy, Nemat; Frongillo, Edward A; Ruel, Marie T; Rawat, Rahul; Menon, Purnima

    2016-01-01

    Adequate utilization of services is critical to maximize the impact of counselling on infant and young child feeding (IYCF), but little is known about factors affecting utilization. Our study examined supply- and demand-side factors associated with the utilization of IYCF counselling services in Viet Nam. We used survey data from mothers with children Higher maternal education was associated with higher utilization both for one-time and repeated use. Being a farmer, belonging to an ethnic minority, and having a wasted child were associated with greater likelihood of achieving the minimum recommended number of visits, whereas child stunting or illness were not. Distance to health center was a barrier to repeated visits. Among supply-side factors, good counselling skills (PR: 1.3-1.8) was the most important factor associated with any service use, whereas longer employment duration and greater work pressure of health center staff were associated with lower utilization. Population attributable risk estimations showed that an additional 25% of the population would have achieved the minimum number of visits if exposed to three demand-generation strategies, and further increased to 49% if the health staff had good counseling skills and low work pressure. Our study provides evidence that demand-generation strategies are essential to increase utilization of facility-based IYCF counselling services in Viet Nam, and may be relevant for increasing and sustaining use of nutrition services in similar contexts.

  2. Primary drug-resistant tuberculosis in Hanoi, Viet Nam: present status and risk factors.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nguyen Thi Le Hang

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB to anti-tuberculosis (TB drugs presents a serious challenge to TB control worldwide. We investigated the status of drug resistance, including multidrug-resistant (MDR TB, and possible risk factors among newly diagnosed TB patients in Hanoi, the capital of Viet Nam. METHODS: Clinical and epidemiological information was collected from 506 newly diagnosed patients with sputum smear- and culture-positive TB, and 489 (96.6% MTB isolates were subjected to conventional drug susceptibility testing, spoligotyping, and 15-locus variable numbers of tandem repeats typing. Adjusted odds ratios (aORs were calculated to analyze the risk factors for primary drug resistance. RESULTS: Of 489 isolates, 298 (60.9% were sensitive to all drugs tested. Resistance to isoniazid, rifampicin, streptomycin, ethambutol, and MDR accounted for 28.2%, 4.9%, 28.2%, 2.9%, and 4.5%, respectively. Of 24 isolates with rifampicin resistance, 22 (91.7% were MDR and also resistant to streptomycin, except one case. Factors associated with isoniazid resistance included living in old urban areas, presence of the Beijing genotype, and clustered strains [aOR = 2.23, 95% confidence interval (CI 1.15-4.35; 1.91, 1.18-3.10; and 1.69, 1.06-2.69, respectively. The Beijing genotype was also associated with streptomycin resistance (aOR = 2.10, 95% CI 1.29-3.40. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV coinfection was associated with rifampicin resistance and MDR (aOR = 5.42, 95% CI 2.07-14.14; 6.23, 2.34-16.58, respectively. CONCLUSION: Isoniazid and streptomycin resistance was observed in more than a quarter of TB patients without treatment history in Hanoi. Transmission of isoniazid-resistant TB among younger people should be carefully monitored in urban areas, where Beijing strains and HIV coinfection are prevalent. Choosing an optimal treatment regimen on the basis of the results of drug susceptibility tests and monitoring of treatment

  3. Decreasing In-home Smoking of Adults—Results from a School-based Intervention Program in Viet Nam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Le Thi Thanh Huong

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available It is indicated that children are involuntarily exposed to secondhand smoke from adults, mainly at their home environment. This study aimed at describing the effectiveness of the school-based intervention to decrease the in-home smoking situation of adults so as to decrease children’s exposure to secondhand smoke at home during the year 2011–2012 in a rural district in Hanoi, Viet Nam. This school-based intervention program (intervention and control group involved 804 children aged 8 to 11 years from August 2011 to May 2012 in a rural district of Hanoi, Viet Nam. Children were taught in class about the harmful effects of secondhand smoke and about how to negotiate with fathers not to smoke in-home. Then children applied what they learnt, including staying away from secondhand smoke and persuading fathers not to smoke in-home in order to decrease children’s exposure to secondhand smoke. Chi square test, t-test and multinominal logistic regression were applied in data analysis. The results showed that children’s reported their father’s in-home smoking decreased from 83.0% pre-intervention to 59.8% post-intervention (p < 0.001 in the intervention school while no change happened in the control school. The study found that the better changed smoking location of adult smokers as reported by children associated with the school who received intervention activities (adjusted OR = 2.04; 95% CI: 1.28–3.24. Poorer changed attitudes towards secondhand smoke of children associated with a lower percentage of better change in smoking location of their fathers/other adult smokers (aOR = 0.51, 95% CI: 0.28–0.96. Children’s poorer changed knowledge towards secondhand smoke also associated with poorer changed smoking location of adult smokers (aOR = 2.88, 95% CI: 1.07–7.76. It is recommended by this study that similar school based intervention approaches should be applied in primary schools in Viet Nam to increase children’s awareness on the

  4. Polymorphism of rs1044925 in the acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase-1 gene and serum lipid levels in the Guangxi Bai Ku Yao and Han populations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Ting-Ting

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The association of rs1044925 polymorphism in the acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase-1 (ACAT-1 gene and serum lipid profiles is not well known in different ethnic groups. Bai Ku Yao is a special subgroup of the Yao minority in China. The present study was carried out to clarify the association of rs1044925 polymorphism in the ACAT-1 gene and several environmental factors with serum lipid levels in the Guangxi Bai Ku Yao and Han populations. Methods A total of 626 subjects of Bai Ku Yao and 624 participants of Han Chinese were randomly selected from our previous stratified randomized cluster samples. Genotyping of rs1044925 polymorphism in the ACAT-1 gene was performed by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism combined with gel electrophoresis, and then confirmed by direct sequencing. Results The levels of serum total cholesterol (TC, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C, apolipoprotein (Apo AI and ApoB were lower in Bai Ku Yao than in Han (P P P P P P Conclusions These results suggest that the polymorphism of rs1044925 in the ACAT-1 gene is mainly associated with female serum TC, LDL-C and ApoB levels in the Bai Ku Yao population. The C allele carriers had lower serum TC, LDL-C and ApoB levels than the C allele noncarriers.

  5. Isolation and identification of antibacterial neo-compounds from the red ants of ChangBai Mountain, Tetramorium sp.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Zheng-Wei; Liu, Pu; Yin, Wei-Ping; Jiang, Ya-Ling; Ren, Yun-Lai

    2012-03-15

    Three novel coumarin compounds along with two known amide alkaloids were isolated from a methanol extract of the red ants of ChangBai Mountain, Tetramorium sp. Their structures were identified on the basis of IR, 2D NMR ((1)H-(1)H COSY, HSQC, HMBC and NOESY) and HRESIMS analysis. Antibacterial activity of all the compounds was evaluated using KB paper diffusion through measurement of inhibiting zone. It was found that four of all the compounds exhibited significant inhibitory activity against Gram-positive bacteria Bacillus subtilis with MIC values of 25 μg/ml (compounds 1-3) and 15 μg/ml (compound 4).

  6. Body adiposity index (BAI) correlates with BMI and body fat pre- and post-bariatric surgery but is not an adequate substitute for BMI in severely obese women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibson, C D; Atalayer, D; Flancbaum, L; Geliebter, A

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Body Adiposity Index (BAI), a new surrogate measure of body fat (hip circumference/[height 1.5-18]), has been proposed as a more accurate alternative to BMI. We compared BAI with BMI and their correlations with measures of body fat, waist circumference (WC), and indirect indices of fat pre- and post-Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). METHODS: Sixteen clinically severe obese (CSO) non-diabetic women (age = 33.9± 7.9 SD; BMI = 46.5±9.5 kg/m(2)) were assessed pre-surgery, and at 2 (n=9) and 5 mo (n=8) post-surgery. Body fat percentage (% fat) was estimated with bioimpedance analysis (BIA), air displacement plethysmography (ADP), and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). WC, an indicator of central fat, and both plasma leptin (ng/ml) and insulin (mU/l) concentrations were measured as indirect body fat indices. Pre- and post-surgery values were analyzed with Pearson correlations and linear regressions. RESULTS: BAI and BMI correlated significantly with each other pre-surgery and at each time point post surgery. BAI and BMI also correlated significantly with % fat from BIA and ADP; however, only BMI correlated significantly with % fat from DXA pre- and post-RYGB. BMI was the single best predictor of WC and leptin at 2 and 5 mo post-surgery and had significant longitudinal changes correlating with % fat from BIA and DXA as well as with leptin. DISCUSSION: Both BAI and BMI were good surrogates of % fat as estimated from BIA and ADP, but only BMI was a good surrogate of % fat from DXA in CSO women. Thus, BAI may not be a better alternative to BMI.

  7. Comparison of Body Adiposity Index (BAI) and Body Mass Index (BMI) with Estimations of % Body Fat in Clinically Severe Obese Women

    OpenAIRE

    Geliebter, Allan; Atalayer, Deniz; Flancbaum, Louis; Gibson, Charlisa D.

    2013-01-01

    Body Adiposity Index (BAI), a new surrogate measure of body fat (hip circumference/[height1.5 -18]), has been proposed as an alternative to BMI. We compared BAI with BMI, and each of them with laboratory measures of body fat-derived from bioimpedance analysis (BIA), air displacement (ADP), and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in clinically severe obese (CSO) participants. Nineteen pre-bariatric surgery CSO, non-diabetic women were recruited (age=32.6±7.7 SD; BMI=46.5±9.0 kg/m2). Anthrop...

  8. On the Reason of Early Flourished Song Dynasty Bai-ti Poetry%宋初白体诗盛行原因探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪国林

    2014-01-01

    宋初白体诗盛行的原因主要有以下几个方面:一、宋初统治者推行右文国策,这使宋初文化生态得以迅速改善;二、晚唐五代宗白诗风的巨大惯性,这为白体诗首兴提供历史渊源;三、宋初统治者有意提倡,这是重要推手;四、白体诗自身特质与白体诗人的人格、学识与身份意识,它是白体诗兴盛内在因素。这些因素在宋初一时具备,促使宋初白体诗首度兴盛起来,并在继承中推动宋诗的发展。%The early Song Dynasty, the first flourished was Bai-ti poetry, the Poet is very wide range. There are even saying"Poets are learning Bai le-tian poem."The main reason for its first flourished in the fol⁃lowing areas:First, the early Song dynasty rulers take the Emphasis on cultural policy to make the early Song dynasty cultural ecology text to quickly improve its external environment provides flourished; The second is the enormous inertia of Late Tang Five- dynasty Zong-bai poetry, and which provides historical origin of Bai-ti poetry flourished;Third, the early Song dynasty rulers deliberately encouraged, it is important to push the hand;Four,the Bai-ti poetry itself unique traits and the Bai-ti 's poetry, knowledge and sense of identity, it is the Bai-ti poetry flourished internal factors. These factors have prompted a moment in the early Song dy⁃nasty and made the Bai-ti poetry for the first time flourished, and promote the development of Song poetry in succession.

  9. Dengue Virus in Sub-tropical Northern and Central Viet Nam: Population Immunity and Climate Shape Patterns of Viral Invasion and Maintenance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-05

    numbers of sequences and a lack of exact sampling dates for viral sequences from other countries in maritime Southeast Asia prevented us from including...Asia for at least a decade, although the lack of samples from Cambodia and Viet Nam in early years prevents investigation of the means by which this...the virus by Aedes aegypti [23–26]. However, the short-term transmission of strains of DENV in the first half of the year, which are suggested to have

  10. High incidence of nasopharyngeal cancer: similarity for 60% of mitochondrial DNA signatures between the Bidayuhs of Borneo and the Bai-yue of Southern China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Joseph Wee; Tam Cam Ha; Susan Loong; Chao-Nan Qian

    2012-01-01

    Populations in Southern China (Bai-yue) and Borneo (Bidayuh) with high incidence of nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) share similar mitochondrial DNA signatures,supporting the hypothesis that these two populations may share the same genetic predisposition for NPC,which may have first appeared in a common ancestral reference population before the sea levels rose after the last ice age.

  11. Association of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T polymorphism and serum lipid levels in the Guangxi Bai Ku Yao and Han populations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cao Xiao-Li

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The association of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR gene polymorphism and serum lipid profiles is still controversial in diverse ethnics. Bai Ku Yao is an isolated subgroup of the Yao minority in China. The aim of the present study was to eveluate the association of MTHFR C677T polymorphism and several environmental factors with serum lipid levels in the Guangxi Bai Ku Yao and Han populations. Methods A total of 780 subjects of Bai Ku Yao and 686 participants of Han Chinese were randomly selected from our previous stratified randomized cluster samples. Genotyping of the MTHFR C677T was performed by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism combined with gel electrophoresis, and then confirmed by direct sequencing. Results The levels of serum total cholesterol (TC, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C, apolipoprotein (Apo AI and ApoB were lower in Bai Ku Yao than in Han (P P P P P P P Conclusions The differences in serum TC, TG, LDL-C and ApoB levels between the two ethnic groups might partly result from different genotypic and allelic frequencies of the MTHFR C677T or different MTHFR gene-enviromental interactions.

  12. Ethnic Psychological Features Reflected in the Tetra-syllabic Words of Bai Language%从白语四音格词看民族心理特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李一峰

    2014-01-01

    There are numerous tetra-syllabic words in Bai language. The words do not only exhibit the socio-cultural features of Bai people,but also play a non-negligible role in reflecting the ethnic psychological features. The tetra-syllabic words of Bai language, with their special word formation,incorporating abundant ethnic emotional appeal into the morphemes in the process of lexicalization, could reflect the unique psychological features of Bai people in verbal communication.%白语中有丰富的四音格词,它们在语言中不仅发挥着社会文化方面的功能,在反映民族心理特征方面也有着不可忽视的作用。白语四音格词因其特殊的构词方式,构词语素在意义词化过程中融入了丰富的民族情调色彩,因而在言语交际中能够体现出白族人民特有的心理特征。

  13. Supply- and Demand-Side Factors Influencing Utilization of Infant and Young Child Feeding Counselling Services in Viet Nam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phuong H Nguyen

    Full Text Available Adequate utilization of services is critical to maximize the impact of counselling on infant and young child feeding (IYCF, but little is known about factors affecting utilization. Our study examined supply- and demand-side factors associated with the utilization of IYCF counselling services in Viet Nam. We used survey data from mothers with children <2y (n = 1,008 and health staff (n = 60 from the evaluation of a program that embedded IYCF counseling into the existing government health system. The frequency of never users, one-time users, repeat users, and achievers of the recommended minimum number of visits at health facilities were 45.1%, 13.0%, 28.4% and 13.5%, respectively. Poisson regression showed that demand-generation strategies, especially invitation cards, were the key factors determining one-time use (Prevalence ratio, PR 3.0, 95% CI: 2.2-4.2, repeated use (PR 3.2, 95% CI: 2.4-4.2, and achievement of minimum visits (PR 5.5, 95% CI: 3.6-8.4. Higher maternal education was associated with higher utilization both for one-time and repeated use. Being a farmer, belonging to an ethnic minority, and having a wasted child were associated with greater likelihood of achieving the minimum recommended number of visits, whereas child stunting or illness were not. Distance to health center was a barrier to repeated visits. Among supply-side factors, good counselling skills (PR: 1.3-1.8 was the most important factor associated with any service use, whereas longer employment duration and greater work pressure of health center staff were associated with lower utilization. Population attributable risk estimations showed that an additional 25% of the population would have achieved the minimum number of visits if exposed to three demand-generation strategies, and further increased to 49% if the health staff had good counseling skills and low work pressure. Our study provides evidence that demand-generation strategies are essential to increase

  14. On the Genetic Position of the Bai Language from Language Contact Perspective%从语言接触看白语的系属问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗自群

    2011-01-01

    It is thought that the genetic affiliation of the Bai language should be determined by its origin.Thus the Bai language should be recognized as an independent branch of Tibeto-Burman.When investigating the genetic position of languages heavily influenced by Chinese like Bai,the weight of grammatical elements should be raised.The Bai language is a typical case of language contact.Based on the facts from the Bai language,it can be found that language contact can cause the change of word order once it reaches a certain degree.Macro word orders will precede micro word orders.Among many micro word orders,some aspects change fast,while others change slowly.%白语的归属应该根据其来源来定,白语可以成为藏缅语族之下的一个独立的语支——白语支。在考察白语这种语言接触程度比较深刻、受汉语影响比较大的语言的系属关系时,应提高语法成分所占的比重。白语是研究语言接触的一个非常典型的个案,借助白语,可以发现在语言接触达到一定程度时,会引起语序的变化;大语序的变化又会领先于小语序的变化;而在众多的小语序中,有些方面变得比较快,有些方面又变得比较慢。

  15. 谈白居易的狎妓生活%Bai Juyi's Indulgence in Dallying with Prostitutes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦尤杰

    2012-01-01

    狎妓是白居易生活的一个重要组成部分,是白居易喜欢和人谈论的话题之一,“妓”给白居易肉体享受,又是白居易情感的寄托,欣赏妓女之美也是白居易狎妓生活的主要内容。%Dallying with prostitutes was an important part of Bai Juyi' s life, and one of the hot topics he liked to discuss with others. "Prostitutes" gave him physical enjoyment and was his emotional sustenance. Appreciating the beauty of them was also the core of his in- dulgence in dallying with prostitutes.

  16. Force Protection Joint Experiment (FPJE) Battlefield Anti-Intrusion System (BAIS) sensors data analysis and filtering metrics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barngrover, C. M.; Laird, R. T.; Kramer, T. A.; Cruickshanks, J. R.; Cutler, S. H.

    2009-04-01

    The FPJE was an experiment to consider the best way to develop and evaluate a system of systems approach to Force Protection. It was sponsored by Physical Security Equipment Action Group (PSEAG) and Joint Program Manager - Guardian (JPM-G), and was managed by the Product Manager - Force Protection Systems (PM-FPS). The experiment was an effort to utilize existing technical solutions from all branches of the military in order to provide more efficient and effective force protection. The FPJE consisted of four separate Integration Assessments (IA), which were intended as opportunities to assess the status of integration, automation and fusion efforts, and the effectiveness of the current configuration and "system" components. The underlying goal of the FPJE was to increase integration, automation, and fusion of the many different sensors and their data to provide enhanced situational awareness and a common operational picture. One such sensor system is the Battlefield Anti-Intrusion System (BAIS), which is a system of seismic and acoustic unmanned ground sensors. These sensors were originally designed for employment by infantry soldiers at the platoon level to provide early warning of personnel and vehicle intrusion in austere environments. However, when employed around airfields and high traffic areas, the sensitivity of these sensors can cause an excessive number of detections. During the second FPJE-IA all of the BAIS detections and the locations of all Opposing Forces were logged and analyzed to determine the accuracy rate of the sensors. This analysis revealed that with minimal filtering of detections, the number of false positives and false negatives could be reduced substantially to manageable levels while using the sensors within extreme operational acoustic and seismic noise conditions that are beyond the design requirements.

  17. Mapping Landcover/Landuse and Coastline Change in the Eastern Mekong Delta (Viet Nam) from 1989 to 2002 using Remote Sensing

    OpenAIRE

    SOHAIL, ARFAN

    2012-01-01

    There has been rapid change in the landcover/landuse in the Mekong delta, Viet Nam. The landcover/landuse has changed very fast due to intense population pressure, agriculture/aquaculture farming and timber collection in the coastal areas of the delta. The changing landuse pattern in the coastal areas of the delta is threatened to be flooded by sea level rise; sea level is expected to rise 33 cm until 2050; 45 cm until 2070 and 1 m until 2100. The coastline along the eastern Mekong delta has ...

  18. 《治百病方》不等于《武威汉代医简》%Zhi bai bing fang (Recipes for All Diseases) not identical with Wuwei Han dai yi jian (Wuwei Medical Bamboo Slips of Han Dynasty)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雷

    2013-01-01

    1972年甘肃省武威县出土的汉代简牍,包括2种竹简和1种木牍,由隶书和章草2种字体书写,竹简分别编联,木牍未曾编联,具体内容可分医方、日书、药价3个方面.种种现象表明,这批简牍并非纯一的书籍或资料,“治百病方”只是其中1种竹简的名称.而有《中国医学史》教材和工具书在介绍《治百病方》和《武威汉代医简》时,将二者完全等同而论,实属以偏概全,有失妥当,应予更正.%The Han medical bamboo slips unearthed from Wuwei County,Gansu Province in 1972 included 2 kinds of bamboo slips and a wooden tablet,written with li calligraphy and zhangcao script.The bamboo slips was organized and bound as a series,while the wooden tablet wasn' t.The contents were related to medical recipes,almanacs and price of drugs.Various phenomena reflected that these slips and tablet were not merely a whole book or materials,and the Zhi bai bingfang was but a tide of one of the bamboo slips.However,Wuwei Han dai yi jian and Zhi bai bing fang sometimes were regarded as an identical one in some teaching materials of History of Chinese Medicine or reference books,which was an incorrect and one -sided information,and should be corrected.

  19. Confucian aesthetics in Bai tragedy%从儒家审美理想看白族文学中的悲剧意识

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    禹志云

    2001-01-01

    One of the Aesthetic categories of literany art is the catherisis from tragedy which also finds its way into the literature of the Bai people of China. Such a presentation demonstrates the influence of Confucion Aesthetic ldea. An inquary into the relationship of this idea and the Bai nationality traits can help us further investigate into the cultural unity of the two nationalities.%文学艺术中的悲剧意识属于审美范畴。白族文学中悲剧意识的存在表明,儒家审美理想对白族文学的影响客观存在。探讨二者的关系,可以进一步窥管到汉、白文化的融合。

  20. EFFECTS OF BU GU ZHI(PSORALEA CORYLIFOLIA L) AND BAI ZHI (DAHURIAN ANGELICA ROOT) EXTRACTS ON MELANOCYTE ADHESION AND MIGRATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ma Huiqun; Feng Jie; Zhang Xianqi; Mu Kuanhou; Liu Chao; Niu Xinwu; Dang Qianli

    2005-01-01

    Objective To find direct effect of Chinese herbs Bu Gu Zhi (Psoralea corylifolia L) and Bai Zhi (Dahurian angelica root) Extracts on melanocyte adhesion and migration in vitro. Methods Ethanol extracts obtained from two kind of Chinese medicinable herbs were tested. Human melanocytes were obtained from neonatal foreskins and 48-well culture dish covered with fibronectin were used to perform melanocyte adhesion assay; Motility was assessed using the micropore filter method. Results: The extracts of Bu Gu Zhi(Psoralea corylifolia L), Bai Zhi(Dahurian angelica root) obviously showed an effect in increasing of human melanocyte adhesion and migration on fibronectin. Conclusion It is suggested that Buguzhi(Fructus Psoraleae) and Baizhi(Radix Angelicae Dahuricae) might induce melanocyte adhesion and/or migration in the treatment of vitiligo.

  1. Evidence for the Convergence Model: The Emergence of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (H5N1) in Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saksena, Sumeet; Fox, Jefferson; Epprecht, Michael; Tran, Chinh C; Nong, Duong H; Spencer, James H; Nguyen, Lam; Finucane, Melissa L; Tran, Vien D; Wilcox, Bruce A

    2015-01-01

    Building on a series of ground breaking reviews that first defined and drew attention to emerging infectious diseases (EID), the 'convergence model' was proposed to explain the multifactorial causality of disease emergence. The model broadly hypothesizes disease emergence is driven by the co-incidence of genetic, physical environmental, ecological, and social factors. We developed and tested a model of the emergence of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 based on suspected convergence factors that are mainly associated with land-use change. Building on previous geospatial statistical studies that identified natural and human risk factors associated with urbanization, we added new factors to test whether causal mechanisms and pathogenic landscapes could be more specifically identified. Our findings suggest that urbanization spatially combines risk factors to produce particular types of peri-urban landscapes with significantly higher HPAI H5N1 emergence risk. The work highlights that peri-urban areas of Viet Nam have higher levels of chicken densities, duck and geese flock size diversities, and fraction of land under rice or aquaculture than rural and urban areas. We also found that land-use diversity, a surrogate measure for potential mixing of host populations and other factors that likely influence viral transmission, significantly improves the model's predictability. Similarly, landscapes where intensive and extensive forms of poultry production overlap were found at greater risk. These results support the convergence hypothesis in general and demonstrate the potential to improve EID prevention and control by combing geospatial monitoring of these factors along with pathogen surveillance programs.

  2. Evidence for the Convergence Model: The Emergence of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (H5N1 in Viet Nam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumeet Saksena

    Full Text Available Building on a series of ground breaking reviews that first defined and drew attention to emerging infectious diseases (EID, the 'convergence model' was proposed to explain the multifactorial causality of disease emergence. The model broadly hypothesizes disease emergence is driven by the co-incidence of genetic, physical environmental, ecological, and social factors. We developed and tested a model of the emergence of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI H5N1 based on suspected convergence factors that are mainly associated with land-use change. Building on previous geospatial statistical studies that identified natural and human risk factors associated with urbanization, we added new factors to test whether causal mechanisms and pathogenic landscapes could be more specifically identified. Our findings suggest that urbanization spatially combines risk factors to produce particular types of peri-urban landscapes with significantly higher HPAI H5N1 emergence risk. The work highlights that peri-urban areas of Viet Nam have higher levels of chicken densities, duck and geese flock size diversities, and fraction of land under rice or aquaculture than rural and urban areas. We also found that land-use diversity, a surrogate measure for potential mixing of host populations and other factors that likely influence viral transmission, significantly improves the model's predictability. Similarly, landscapes where intensive and extensive forms of poultry production overlap were found at greater risk. These results support the convergence hypothesis in general and demonstrate the potential to improve EID prevention and control by combing geospatial monitoring of these factors along with pathogen surveillance programs.

  3. A Cultural Anthropology Exploration of Bai KU Yao's Maternal Worship in Guangxi and Guizhou%桂黔白裤瑶母性崇拜的文化人类学考察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷文彪

    2012-01-01

    在人类历史漫长的发展过程中,母性崇拜是一种普遍存在的民俗现象,母性崇拜意识一直是人类社会挥之不去共通性情节。广西与贵州边界的白裤瑶族群的母性崇拜意识有其自身独特的文化表征形态,其主要表现在供奉生殖图腾石的习俗"、姑女还舅门"婚俗、婚前盛行"玩婊"、妇女夏天身着"挂衣"、服饰图案的"卍"符号等方面。%Maternal worship has always been common fork-custom in the long history of human development, and the consciousness of maternal worship is regarded as a common and indispensable plot. This consciousness of Bai Ku Yao (It's a branch of Yao in which adult man has knee-length white trouser) in Nandan county of Guangxi province, has its own unique cultural expression, especially the birth custom that people consecrate the stone Guangxi and Guizhou hroder reproductive totem, the marriage custom that a young man should have priority to marriage to his aunt's daughter, the social convention that young men and women may keep an intimate relationship with others before marriage, the dress custom that women have Gua Yi(This kind of coat is made of two pieces of cloth) in summer, and the dress is decorated with the symbol 卍.

  4. Māsas profesionālās lomas pacientu baiļu mazināšanā

    OpenAIRE

    Ivanova, Laura

    2016-01-01

    Bakalaura darba tēma: “Māsas profesionālās lomas pacientu baiļu mazināšanā”. Tēmas aktualitāti nosaka fakts, ka mūsdienās sabiedrība ļoti bieži izjūt bailes un stresu, tāpēc ir svarīgi noskaidrot māsu lomas gan māsu, gan pacientu skatījumā, lai turpmāk māsu sniegtā aprūpe tiktu orientēta uz katra konkrēta pacienta vajadzībām un baiļu mazināšanu. Darba mērķis ir noskaidrot māsas profesionālās lomas pacientu baiļu mazināšanā māsu un pacientu skatījumā. Pētniecības uzdevumi ir: 1.Analizēt lit...

  5. 论白语传承与普通话推广的共同发展%On Mutual Development of Inheriting Bai Dialect and Promoting Mandarin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱波

    2015-01-01

    Exhibiting the glamour of Bai dialect plays a significant role in protecting the dialect, promoting the local image and improving national identity. It is beneficial for the promotion communication among ethnic regions through expanding and popularizing Mandarin. The inheritance of Bai dialect and the promotion of Mandarin are closely related to each other. The cultural value of Bai dialect and Mandarin as a tool and an image of status both require us to formulate and implement bilingual language policies and making multi-channel propaganda for each other's development in line with the progress of society, economy and culture.%彰显白语的魅力,对保护民族语言、地方形象塑造和增强民族认同感都有积极的意义。推广普通话则有利于增进各民族各地区的交流。白语传承与普通话推广是互相丰富的关系。白语的文化价值和普通话的工具及身份象征功能都要求我们结合社会、经济、文化发展实际,合理制定、推行双语政策并加强宣传,促进其共同发展。

  6. On Intercourse of Yao He and Bai Juyi and Its Influence%论姚合与白居易的交往及其影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周衡

    2015-01-01

    The literary exchanges of Yao He and Bai Ju-yi is an extremely important part in Bai Ju-yi’s interaction map. Their inter-course is based on Laziness. Bai Ju-yi’s literary export promotes Yao He’s viewpoint of retiring from political life turn from conflict to satisfaction,makes his poems change from single themes to diversified ones,and makes his life style spread from single seclusion and poverty to diversified styles.%姚合与白居易的交往是姚合文学交往图谱中极为重要的组成部分。姚白交往以疏懒性情为基础,白居易的文化输出推动了姚合仕隐观念从矛盾转向圆融,促使姚合单一的诗歌题材向多元化转变,并使其“武功体”从单一的清寒苦僻向多元风格延伸。

  7. The Volatility of Market Risk In Groups of Viet Nam Listed Computer and Electrical Company Groups during the Financial Crisis 2007-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinh Tran Ngoc Huy

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available During the financial crisis 2007-2009 with certain impacts on the Viet Nam economy and especially, the stock exchange, there is un-diversifiable risk that influences the whole computer and electrical industries. Hence, the risk re-estimation for the listed firms in these industries becomes necessary. First of all, by using quantitative and analytical methods to estimate asset and equity beta of four (4 groups of listed companies in Viet Nam electrical, software, hardware and telecommunication industries with a proper traditional estimating model, we found out that the beta values, in general, for most companies are acceptable, excluding just a few cases. There are 88% of listed firms with lower risk, among total 64 firms, whose beta values lower than ( 1and have stock returns moving more than the market benchmark. Ultimately, this paper generates some results that could provides both internal and external investors, financial institutions, companies and government more evidence in establishing their policies in investments and in governance.

  8. The context of HIV risk behaviours among HIV-positive injection drug users in Viet Nam: Moving toward effective harm reduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thanh Duong

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Injection drug users represent the largest proportion of all HIV reported cases in Viet Nam. This study aimed to explore the perceptions of risk and risk behaviours among HIV-positive injection drug users, and their experiences related to safe injection and safe sex practices. Methods This study used multiple qualitative methods in data collection including in-depth interviews, focus group discussions and participant observation with HIV-positive injection drug users. Results The informants described a change in the sharing practices among injection drug users towards more precautions and what was considered 'low risk sharing', like sharing among seroconcordant partners and borrowing rather than lending. However risky practices like re-use of injection equipment and 'syringe pulling' i.e. the use of left-over drugs in particular, were frequently described and observed. Needle and syringe distribution programmes were in place but carrying needles and syringes and particularly drugs could result in being arrested and fined. Fear of rejection and of loss of intimacy made disclosure difficult and was perceived as a major obstacle for condom use among recently diagnosed HIV infected individuals. Conclusion HIV-positive injection drug users continue to practice HIV risk behaviours. The anti-drug law and the police crack-down policy appeared as critical factors hampering ongoing prevention efforts with needle and syringe distribution programmes in Viet Nam. Drastic policy measures are needed to reduce the very high HIV prevalence among injection drug users.

  9. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients who died from Influenza A(H1N1pdm09 in Viet Nam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phan Thanh Tinh

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available We describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients who died from influenza A(H1N1pdm09 in hospitals in Viet Nam between August 2009 and March 2010.Of 58 fatal cases, 32 (55% were below 30 years of age and 14 (24% were pregnant females. Forty-five (78% patients had at least one underlying medical condition including chronic heart, kidney or lung diseases or pregnancy. Twelve (21% cases sought medical attention on the day of symptom onset. Only 13 (36% of 36 cases for whom treatment data were available had been given antiviral drugs within the recommended two days of symptom onset.The clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of the patients who died from influenza A(H1N1pdm09 are similar to those reported from other countries. To improve preparedness and response to future pandemics, Viet Nam needs to strengthen the surveillance of influenza; increase laboratory capacity to test for influenza viruses; and develop strategies for promoting the timely attendance of at-risk individuals at health facilities and the early administration of antiviral drugs, particularly for persons with underlying medical conditions and pregnant females.

  10. Where "Sign Language Studies" Has Led Us in Forty Years: Opening High School and University Education for Deaf People in Viet Nam through Sign Language Analysis, Teaching, and Interpretation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodward, James; Hoa, Nguyen Thi

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses how the Nippon Foundation-funded project "Opening University Education to Deaf People in Viet Nam through Sign Language Analysis, Teaching, and Interpretation," also known as the Dong Nai Deaf Education Project, has been implemented through sign language studies from 2000 through 2012. This project has provided deaf…

  11. On the Culture of Sports Tourism in Bai Ethnic Wedding Ceremony%白族婚礼中婚庆体育文化探索研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚雪梅; 黄建芬; 和执军

    2015-01-01

    大量白族结婚礼仪活动内容在不断被外来的礼仪活动汉化并逐渐消失,但是在大理周边的边远山区的边远县城中依然完整地保留了白族许多的古老结婚仪式和习俗,其中包含了大量的民族传统体育文化,如“耳子歌”、“哩革歌”、“摆丑舞”是白族婚庆文化中颇具代表性和典型性的礼仪活动,它们以不同的规模、不同的时间出现,小到盖房、搬家的小型亲友聚会活动,大到“本主”庙会的请神活动,都以各式各样的形式表达出来,同时这些活动也是研究白族先民的婚庆体育文化和白族人民历史发展的有力依据。%A lot of Bai wedding ethnic ceremony activities are gradually Chinesized and disappeared with the influence from the foreign etiquette activities, but in the remote mountainous areas and remote counties around Dali, there still retain many of the ancient Bai wedding ceremony and customs, which contain a large number of national traditional sports culture contents, such as ethnic songs and dances, being the representative and typical rituals of Bai ethnic wedding culture. They appear in different time , with different scales, different occasions, such as houses construction, party of family, temple God worship activities,are showed with different forms. They form a strong basis for the study on the Bai ancestors wedding sports culture and the historical development of the Bai people.

  12. Geostatistical Approach to Estimating the Gold Ore Characteristics and Gold Reserves: A Case Study Daksa Area, Quang Nam Province, Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luan Truong, Xuan; Luong Le, Van; Quang Truong, Xuan

    2015-04-01

    Daksa gold deposit is the biggest gold deposits in Vietnam. The Daksa geological structure complicated, distributed mainly metamorphosed sedimentary NuiVu formation (PR3-?1nv2). The sulfide gold ore bodies distributed in quartz schist, quartz - biotite related to faut and distribution wing anticline. The gold ore bodies form circuits, network circuits, circuits lenses; fill the cup surface layer of the developing northeast - southwest; is the less than or west longitude north - SE. The results show that, Au and accompanying elements (Ag, Pb and Zn) have correlated pretty closely. All of its consistent with the logarithmic distribution standard, in accordance with the law of distribution of content mineral rare. The structure functions have nugget effect and spherical models with show that Au and accompanying elements special variation are changes. Au contents shown local anisotropy, no clearly anisotropy (K=1,17) and weakly anisotropy (K=1,4). Intensity mineralization of the ore bodies are quite high with demand spherical conversion coefficient ranging from 0.49 to 0.75 and from 0.66 to 0.97 (for other body). With nugget effects, ore bodies shown that it is consistent with mineralization in the ore bodies study, ore erasable, micro vein, infilling fractures in quartz vein. All of variogram presents local anisotropy, indicated gold mineralization at study area has least two-mineralization stages, consistent with the analysis of mineralography samples. By the results of the structure function study, the authors present the system optimization for exploration deposit and used to evaluate gold reserves by Ordinary Kriging. High accuracy of Kriging estimation results are expressed in the minimum Kriging variance, by compare the results calculated by some other methods (such as distance inverse weighting method, ..) and specially compare to the results of a some blocks have been exploited. Key words: Geostat and gold deposits VN. Daksa and gold mineralization. Geostat and gold mine Daksa.

  13. Association study of clusterin polymorphism rs11136000 with late-onset Alzheimer's disease in Bai population%聚集素基因 rs11136000位点多态性与白族人群晚发型阿尔茨海默病的关联研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗红玉; 王丽霞; 刘永磊; 杨林

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore the association between clusterin(CLU) gene rs11136000 poly-morphism and late-onset Alzheimer's disease ( LOAD) in Bai population from Dali Bai Autonomous Prefec-ture of Yunnan Province.Methods A case-control study including 109 LOAD patients and 120 normal con-trols matched for age,sex and level of education was taken in Dali Bai population.Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) site testing were used to detect genotype and allele fre-quency of CLU SNP rs11136000.SPSS 17.0 was applied to analyze the data.Result ①The different fre-quency ( C:65.60%,T:34.40%,CC:38.53%,CT:54.13%,TT:7.34%) of CLU SNP rs11136000 genotypes and alleles distribution in Bai between LOAD patients and healthy controls showed no statistical significance (χ2=1.529, P=0.216;χ2=2.805, P=0.246) .②The serum total cholesterol ( TC) of LOAD patients was significantly higher than that in that of control group( t=2.508, P=0.013) .Conclusion The results suggest that CLU rs11136000 polymorphism may not be the susceptible gene of LOAD,and high serum total choles-terol is more common in LOAD patients.%目的:探讨聚集素( clusterin,CLU)基因rs11136000位点多态性与云南省大理白族自治州白族人群晚发型阿尔茨海默病( Late-onset Alzheimer's Disease,LOAD)的相关性。方法运用病例对照研究方法,在大理州白族人群中筛选LOAD患者109名作为病例组,和同期年龄、性别及文化程度相匹配的健康人120名作为对照组纳入研究。采用PCR及单核苷酸多态性( Single nucleotide polymorphism,SNP)位点检测技术测定研究对象CLU rs11136000位点的基因型及等位基因。应用SPSS 17.0软件对研究数据进行统计分析。结果①病例组与对照组CLU rs11136000位点等位基因(C、T)及基因型(CC、CT、TT)频率(C:65.60%,T:34.40%,CC:38.53%,CT:54.13%,TT:7.34%)比较,均

  14. 论白先勇对女性悲剧命运的书写%On Bai Xianyong ’ s Writin g of Female Tragic Fate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨小露

    2015-01-01

    白先勇的小说成功塑造了生活在社会各个阶层的女性形象,虽然这些女性来自社会各阶层且形态迥异,但她们无一不遭受着生活带来的重创,有着相似的悲剧命运。论文第一部分对白先勇小说中的悲剧女性形象进行了分类,分为平民女性、贵族女性和下层女性三类;第二部分分析了这些女性悲剧命运的成因:一方面可归结于作家的个人气质和独特的文学审美趣味,另一方面又与作家对小说主题创作的把握有关;最后一部分阐述了白先勇笔下悲剧女性的塑造方式。研究白先勇笔下女性悲剧命运的书写的主要目的,一方面在于这些悲剧女性形象有着自身的独特性,在当代文学女性形象塑造方面占有重要的一席之地;另一方面,女性形象在白先勇小说中占据重要位置,分析作家对女性悲剧命运的书写,有利于深入了解白先勇的创作风格。%Bai Xianyong ’ s novels succeeded in shaping the fem ale images living in all sectors of the community . The women came from all sectors of society and had different forms , but they all suffered from the heavy blow life brought about , with a similar tragic destiny . The first part of the paper classified the tragic female images in the novels by Bai Xianyong , divided them into three types: civilian , aristocratic and lower women; the second part analyzed the causes of their tragic fate , which on the one hand can be attributed to the writer ’ s personal qualities and unique literary aesthetic interest and on the other hand be related to the writer of the creation of the theme of the novel . The last part described Bai Xianyong ’ s way of shaping the feminine tragedy . The main purpose of the research on Bai Xianyong ’ s writing the female tragic fate , on the one hand lies in the female tragic image had its own uniqueness , which plays an important role in the shaping of the female images in

  15. 论白玉堂形象的悲剧色彩%Analysis on the Image with Tragic Color of Bai Yutang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗尚荣; 黄婷

    2014-01-01

    《三侠五义》中的白玉堂与以往完美的侠士形象颇为不同。除了拥有侠士行侠仗义的共性,他还具有知识分子的孤芳自赏,同时他的身上还有争强斗狠的一面。白玉堂亦侠亦盗的矛盾身份对于他涉足官场是不利的。然而期望建功立业和报答知遇之恩的思想在白玉堂脑中扎根。他用生命诠释了侠士行走于江湖、朝廷两条道路的不可能性。性格上的缺陷、盗贼身份和社会文化的影响共同造成了白玉堂人生的悲剧。%Bai Yutang in SAN XIA WU YI is quite different from heroes with perfect image in the past. Besides having the chivalrous person chivalric character, he has also indulged in self-admiration intellectuals. We can also find he is aggressive. Bai Yutang is not only the chivalrous person but also the thief which is a disadvantage for him to dabble in officialdom. However, the thought that foster achievements and reward soul mate rooted in his mind. He used his life to explain the impossible of walking between the Jiang-hu world and officialdom by the chivalrous person. Effects of character flaws, identity thieves and social culture led to the tragedy of Bai Yutang' s life.

  16. 从白居易的诗歌看其长安情感的变迁%Changes of Chang' an Emotion Seen from Bai Juyi' s Poetry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤德伟

    2012-01-01

    When did Bai Juyi. After his they had left Chang' an, the poets of Tang Dynasty yet mentioned that city all the time, so departure from there, most of his poetries were carefully contrived to express his memory and remembrance. The emotional expression of Bai Juyi and political idea are closely linked. This kind of ideal expres- sion of politics is complex and contradictory. Bal Juyi' s emotion about Chang'an is not immutable; it has undergone dramatic changes, this change reflects the thought change. On Bai' s part, the changes of emotion and thought are different from those of other poets in Tang Dynasty ; they are the results of Bai Juyi' s life choices, and also show the individual personality quality and unique life attitude.%唐代诗人离开长安后经常提及长安,白居易也是如此。白居易离开长安后,诗中承载着其对长安的追忆和怀念。白居易长安情感的表达和政治理想的寄寓是紧密相连的,这种政治理想的抒发是复杂而矛盾的。白居易对长安的情感不是一成不变的,经历了巨大变迁,并经由变迁折射出其思想情怀的变化。这种长安情感和思想情怀的变迁异于唐代的其他诗人,是白居易人生选择的结果,也展现了其个人性情和独特的人生态度。

  17. On Bai Juyi Musical Esthetics Thought%白居易宏观与微观音乐美学思想研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐柏平

    2015-01-01

    through statistics on the number of Bai Juyi’s musical poems, this article studied his important musical poems with his theoretical literature, obtained some important conclusions from both aspect of macroscopic and microscopic. As aspect of macroscopic, it was well known of the thought of“He”, and on the other side, Bai proposed his music aesthetic theory in the theory of performance that“emotion first”(instrument music) and“both excellent in voice and affection”(vocal music), which was a creative discovery in Bai Juyi’s thoughts. The author also talked his own point of view about Bai’s thought source.%文章从统计白居易的音乐诗文数量入手,研究了他的重要音乐诗作及其理论文献,从宏观和微观两个方面得出了一些重要结论。宏观方面以“和”的思想著名,微观方面,他提出了表演理论中的“情感先行”(器乐)和“声情并茂”(声乐)音乐美学理论,这是白居易思想中创造性的发现。笔者亦就白居易思想来源谈了自己的观点。

  18. The Volatility of Market Risk In Viet Nam Listed Public Utilities Company Groups during and after the Financial Crisis 2007-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinh Tran Ngoc Huy

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This study estimates market risk of total 45 listed companies in Viet Nam public utilities, natural gas and oil industry during the financial crisis period 2007-2009. Firstly, we found out in the research sample that there are 82% of firms, of total listed firms, with beta values lower than ( 1, meaning having stock returns fluctuating more than the market benchmark. Thirdly, among three (3 groups, the systemic risk in the electric power industry is the smallest, shown by estimated values of equity and asset beta mean, and asset beta variance in this industry is also the smallest. Finally, this paper generates some analytical outcomes that enable companies and government to have more evidence in establishing their policies in investments and in governance

  19. 论李白诗中月的意象%On the Image of Moon in the Poems of Li Bai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈海涛

    2012-01-01

    李白作为唐代著名诗人,其作品中涉及月的不下于三百处。面对清幽恬静之月李白在诗中抒发着乡思闺怨、人生感慨以及感时伤怀,流露出元限的意象美。%As a famous poet in Tang dynasty, Li Bai created more than 300 poems pertinent to moon. Facing to the silent and quiet moon, he used his words to describe different feelings like housewives melancholy, homesickness, and sighs, all of them reflected the beauty of image.

  20. Viet Cong Logistics,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1968-06-01

    Machinegun Recoil spring 4 Safety pin 1 30 MAS Safety pin 4 Garand rifle Extractor 10 Connecting pin 7 CKC rifle Firing pin 10 Tripod lock 12...1 Machine gun Safety pin 11 Safety lever 11 ? Extractor 10 Carbine Sight 16 RPD Sub- machinegun Bolt latch release lock 12 Wooden stock 24

  1. Dollarization in Viet Nam

    OpenAIRE

    Andreas Hauskrecht; Nguyen Thanh Hai

    2004-01-01

    The paper maps the dollarization process in Vietnam since the beginning 1990s. We analyze the pros and cons of complete currency substitution. We discuss different forms and degrees of dollarization, and why some countries dollarized and others not. Further, the paper analyzes the case of partial dollarization, its implied risks for financial sector stability and the underlying dynamics of dollarization. Finally, we describe ways to reverse dollarization. The main conclusions are that dollari...

  2. Sanlitun Bai Steel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    Sanlitun Bar Street in Beijing is crowded with bars of differentstyles.By the side of one south-north-led avenue with length ofone kilometer nearby the diplomatic quarter,20 bars andwestern-style restaurants are located here and all seats areoccupied after ten o’clock each night.The operators on this bar street are well-educated ones whoknow about the foreign bar culture.Although each bar has itsunique favourable cultural features,nearly all of the bars here aretrying to create one kind of foreign atomsphere and feeling andmake the foreigners coming here at home,

  3. Apolipoprotein B/A-I and total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratios both predict cardiovascular events in the general population independently of nonlipid risk factors, albuminuria and C-reactive protein

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kappelle, P.J.W.H.; Gansevoort, R. T.; Hillege, J. L.; Wolffenbuttel, B. H. R.; Dullaart, R. P. F.

    2011-01-01

    Background. The total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TC/HDL-C) and apolipoprotein (apo) B/A-I ratios predict major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs). The extent to which these associations are modified by high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and albuminuria is largely

  4. Crystal structure, stability, and optoelectronic properties of the organic-inorganic wide-band-gap perovskite CH3NH3BaI3 : Candidate for transparent conductor applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Akash; Balasubramaniam, K. R.; Kangsabanik, Jiban; Vikram, Alam, Aftab

    2016-11-01

    Structural stability, electronic structure, and optical properties of CH3NH3BaI3 hybrid perovskite are examined from theory as well as experiment. Solution-processed thin films of CH3NH3BaI3 exhibited a high transparency in the wavelength range of 400-825 nm (1.5-3.1 eV for which the photon current density is highest in the solar spectrum) which essentially justifies a high band gap of 4 eV obtained by theoretical estimation. Also, the x-ray diffraction patterns of the thin films match well with the {00 l } peaks of the simulated pattern obtained from the relaxed unit cell of CH3NH3BaI3 , crystallizing in the I 4 /m c m space group, with lattice parameters, a =9.30 Å, c =13.94 Å. Atom projected density of state and band structure calculations reveal the conduction and valence band edges to be comprised primarily of barium d orbitals and iodine p orbitals, respectively. The larger band gap of CH3NH3BaI3 compared to CH3NH3PbI3 can be attributed to the lower electronegativity coupled with the lack of d orbitals in the valence band of Ba2 +. A more detailed analysis reveals the excellent chemical and mechanical stability of CH3NH3BaI3 against humidity, unlike its lead halide counterpart, which degrades under such conditions. We propose La to be a suitable dopant to make this compound a promising candidate for transparent conductor applications, especially for all perovskite solar cells. This claim is supported by our calculated results on charge concentration, effective mass, and vacancy formation energies.

  5. A composição e interpretação de Victor Assis Brasil em Pro Zeca: hibridismo entre o baião e o bebop The composition and interpretation by Victor Assis Brasil in Pro Zeca: hybridism between the Brazilian baião and bebop

    OpenAIRE

    Leonardo Barreto Linhares; Fausto Borém

    2011-01-01

    Estudo sobre o reconhecimento de elementos composicionais e interpretativos característicos do baião e do bebop na Introdução e Tema da música Pro Zeca de Victor Assis Brasil (1945-1981), a partir de três fontes primárias: (1) a lead sheet editada que reproduz o manuscrito autógrafo do compositor (ASSIS BRASIL, sem data a), (2) uma lead sheet manuscrita de caligrafia anônima (ASSIS BRASIL, sem data b) e (3) a lead sheet editada da transcrição a partir da gravação do compositor (ASSIS BRASIL, ...

  6. A composição e interpretação de Victor Assis Brasil em Pro Zeca: hibridismo entre o baião e o bebop The composition and interpretation by Victor Assis Brasil in Pro Zeca: hybridism between the Brazilian baião and bebop

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Barreto Linhares

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Estudo sobre o reconhecimento de elementos composicionais e interpretativos característicos do baião e do bebop na Introdução e Tema da música Pro Zeca de Victor Assis Brasil (1945-1981, a partir de três fontes primárias: (1 a lead sheet editada que reproduz o manuscrito autógrafo do compositor (ASSIS BRASIL, sem data a, (2 uma lead sheet manuscrita de caligrafia anônima (ASSIS BRASIL, sem data b e (3 a lead sheet editada da transcrição a partir da gravação do compositor (ASSIS BRASIL, 1974, incluindo sua improvisação, que está publicada às p.39-44 nesse volume de Per Musi. Fundamentada por referenciais históricos e teóricos das práticas de performance da música brasileira (GIF-FONI, 1997; SIQUEIRA, 1981; SÉVE, 1999 e do jazz (GRIDLEY, 2006; LAWN, 1995; HOBSBAWM, 1990, BAKER, 1987, esta análise comparativa revela um hibridismo entre elementos do bebop e do baião, no qual as características desses dois gêneros populares de países diferentes às vezes permanecem distintas e às vezes se entrelaçam em uma síntese.Study about the recognition of compositional and intrepretive elements typical of bebop and baião in the Introduction and Theme of Pro Zeca by Brazilian composer and saxophonist Victor Assis Brasil (1945-1981 departing from three primary sources: (1 the edited lead sheet that reproduces the composer's autograph (ASSIS BRASIL, sem data a, (2 an anonymous lead sheet manuscript (ASSIS BRASIL, sem data b and (3 the lead sheet of the transcription based on the composer's recording (ASSIS BRASIL, 1974 included at the end of this article. Resorting to historical and theoretical references of performance practices in jazz (GRIDLEY, 2006; LAWN, 1995; HOBSBAWM, 1990, BAKER, 1987 and Brazilian music (GIFFONI, 1997; SIQUEIRA, 1981; SÉVE, 1999, this comparative analysis reveals hybridization between bebop and the Brazilian baião, in which the characteristics of these popular genres from two different countries sometimes

  7. E-mārketinga pielietojuma efektivitāte uzņēmējdarbībai Latvijā.

    OpenAIRE

    Šalkovska, Līga

    2012-01-01

    Maģistra darbā autors pēta E-mārketinga pielietojuma efektivitāti uzņēmējdarbībai Latvijā. Definēts e-mārketings, analizēta motivācijas teorija, apskatīts e-mārketinga pielietojums e-biznesā, veikts e–mārketinga kompleksa elementu raksturojums – prece, cena, sadale, virzīšana tirgū, apskatītas klientu piesaistes metodes e-mārketingā, veikts pētījums par iepirkšanos interneta veikalos, veikts otrs pētījums par e-mārketinga pielietojumu interneta veikalos, piedāvātas metodes kā efektīvi pieliet...

  8. Marijas Montesori metodiskie materiāli 1,5-2 gadus veciem bērniem uztveres attīstībai

    OpenAIRE

    Gailīte, Iveta

    2014-01-01

    Darba nosaukums: Marijas Montesori metodiskie materiāli 2-3 gadus veciem bērniem uztveres attīstībai. Darba autors: Iveta Gailīte Darba zinātniskais vadītājs: dr.paed. Ērika Vugule Darba apjoms: 44 lpp. Bibliogrāfiskie nosaukumi: 38 Pielikumi: 28 Pētījuma mērķis: pētīt M. Montesori metodiskā materiāla nozīmi uztveres attīstīšanā 2- 3 gadus veciem bērniem. Darba teorētiskās atziņas balstītas uz Montesori M., Draviņas K., Prudnikovas I., Helmingas H. darbiem. Pēt...

  9. Somatotype characteristics of Bai ethnicity children and adolescents in Hu’ nan%湖南白族少年儿童体型特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄大元; 张惠娟; 吴国运; 梁成青; 朱耀峰

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨湖南白族少年儿童体型发育特征及其规律。方法采用Heath-Carter 体型法对1525例(男性748例,女性777例)湖南白族少年儿童的体型进行评价。结果男性中因子值大于女性,内因子值小于女性;男性体型以中胚层、外胚层为主,女性体型以中间型、外胚层为主;随着年龄增长,男性由均衡的中胚层体型、偏外胚层的中胚层体型、中胚层-外胚层均衡体型、偏中胚层的外胚层体型发展为中胚层-外胚层均衡体型。女性由中间型、均衡的外胚层体型、中间型、内胚层-中胚层均衡体型发展为偏中胚层的内胚层体型。结论白族少年儿童男女性的体型发育存在着差异,男性身体线性程度相对较高,肌肉发达;女性脂肪含量较多、线性度较差。与蒙古族等群体比较,白族学生脂肪含量较少,身材矮小,肌肉不发达。%Objective To study the characteristics and regularities of somatotype of Bai ethnicitty children and adolescents in Hu ’ nan.Methods The somatotype growth of 1525 Bai children and adolescents ( male: 748, female:777) was evaluated by the Heath-Carter anthropometric method.Results The mesomorphy of male was bigger than that of female, and endomorphy of female was bigger than that of male .The primary somatotype in male was mesomorph and ectomorph , and it was central and ectomorph in female .The somatotypes developed from balanced mesomorph , ectomorphic mesomorph , mesomorph-ectomorph , mesomorphic ectomorph to mesomorph-ectomorph in male; however , in female from central, balanced ectomorph , central, endomorph-mesomorph to mesomorphic endomorph .Conclusion The somatotypes are very different between males and females of Bai ethnicity children and adolescents .The somatotype of males is slender with less fat and more muscular , however , they are plumper with more body fat and shorter stature in females .Bai ethnicity children and

  10. Eiropas Savienības politika Austrumu partnerības attīstībai: Austrumu partnerības samitu loma.

    OpenAIRE

    Šķendere, Ieva

    2015-01-01

    Maģistra darbs „Eiropas Savienības politika Austrumu partnerības attīstībai: Austrumu partnerības samitu loma” ir veltīts Austrumu partnerības attīstības izpētei, ko veicinājusi Eiropas Savienības Kaimiņvalstu politika. Austrumu partnerība ir viena no ES ārējās politikas prioritātēm, tāpēc tās ietvaros dažādās formās tiek stiprināta sadarbība ar Austrumu partnerības valstīm, lai caur savstarpēju ekonomisku un politisku attiecību veidošanu ES nodrošinātu ekonomisku, politisku stabilitāti un mi...

  11. Prevalence, awareness, medication, control, and risk factors associated with hypertension in Bai ethnic group in rural China: the Yunnan Minority Eye Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinman Zhang

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension and their associated factors among Bai ethnic population in the rural China. METHODS: A population-based survey was conducted in 2010 with a randomly cluster sampling in rural communities in Dali, southwest China. A total of 2133 adults aged 50 or above were interviewed, and their blood pressure, height, weight and waist circumference were measured. Hypertension was defined as a mean SBP≥140 mmHg and/or DBP≥90 mmHg, and/or current use of antihypertensive medications. RESULTS: The prevalence of hypertension was 42.1% (899/2133, and the age- and gender-adjusted prevalence was 40.0%. Among the hypertensive participants, 28.4% (255/899were aware of their condition, while 24.6% (221/899 took antihypertensive medications, with only 7.5% (67/899 of those achieving blood pressure control (<140/90 mmHg. Risk factors for hypertension were older age, smoking, alcohol drinking, family history of HBP, overweight, and obesity, while protective factors included being lean, and having finished senior high school or above. CONCLUSIONS: Hypertension prevalence is high among the population of Bai ethnic group in China, while the associated risk factors of hypertension include overweight/obesity, cigarette smoking, history of hypertension, and older age. The percentages of hypertensive participants aware of their hypertension and those taking antihypertensive medications were low with an incredibly low proportion of hypertensive patients who kept their hypertension under control. It is suggested that health education and hypertension screening programs be carried out in the area for the high blood pressure prevention and control.

  12. Morphological and genetic differences between cultured and wild populations of Channa striata in Viet Nam and its phylogenetic relationship with other Channa species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ngoc-Tran Thi Nguyen

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The Channa genus includes important species for aquaculture and interesting targets for phylogenetic studies. In the Mekong Delta, Viet Nam, four species of this genus (Channa striata, C. micropeltes, C. lucius, and C. gachua are naturally distributed and other phenotypes that look like C. striata have been observed in aquaculture conditions. The taxonomic status of newly-observed phenotypes including “triangle-head” snakehead (THS and square-head snakehead (SHS is still controversial. This study compared morphological characteristics and Cytochrome C oxidase subunit I (COI sequences of different C. striata-like phenotypes and investigated the phylogenetic relationship of Channa species based on COI. Morphological results show that THS, SHS, and wild C. striata have similar ranges for meristic traits but differ in morphometric ratios, especially the shape of their head and length of their gut. Kimura-2P genetic distances among three phenotypes (0.0017- 0.0062 are equivalent to those of C. striata samples from Mainland Southeast Asian countries. The results indicate that THS and SHS belong to C. striata, and this species exhibits within-species diversity in both morphology and COI sequences. The phylogenetic analysis indicates that C. striata individuals form a monophyletic group and are genetically distinct from other Channa species in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta. Congeneric distances of four species range from 0.1836 to 0.2436, indicating high divergence among Channa species.

  13. Uranium Provinces in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Three uranium provinces are recognized in China, the Southeast China uranium province, the Northeast China-lnner Mongolia uranium province and the Northwest China (Xinjiang) uranium province. The latter two promise good potential for uranium resources and are major exploration target areas in recent years. There are two major types of uranium deposits: the Phanerozoic hydrothermal type (vein type) and the Meso-Cenozoic sandstone type in different proportions in the three uranium provinces. The most important reason or prerequisite for the formation of these uranium provinces is that Precambrian uranium-enriched old basement or its broken parts (median massifs) exists or once existed in these regions, and underwent strong tectonomagmatic activation during Phanerozoic time. Uranium was mobilized from the old basement and migrated upwards to the upper structural level together with the acidic magma originating from anatexis and the primary fluids, which were then mixed with meteoric water and resulted in the formation of Phanerozoic hydrothermal uranium deposits under extensional tectonic environments. Erosion of uraniferous rocks and pre-existing uranium deposits during the Meso-Cenozoic brought about the removal of uranium into young sedimentary basins. When those basins were uplifted and slightly deformed by later tectonic activity, roll-type uranium deposits were formed as a result of redox in permeable sandstone strata.

  14. Clinical Observation on ShengBai Capsule in Treating Leucopenia%升白胶囊治疗白细胞减少症临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚金华; 田占雍; 赵淑芳; 韩明祖; 开金龙; 段赟

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To observe clinical effects of ShengBai capsule in the treatment for leucopenia. Meth-ods:All 195 patients were randomized into 105 cases of the treatment group (ShengBai capsule) and 90 cases of the control group (berberine hydrochloride). Routine blood examination was conducted once per week, the detection of liver function, renal function and blood glucose once per month, the improvements of clinical symptoms including lack of power, vertigo, insomnia and sore throat, WBC count were observed before and after treating. Results:Markedly effective rate of the treatment group was 53%, effective rate 42.14%, total effective rate 95.14%;markedly effective rate of the control group was 40.00%, effective rate 43.33%, total effective rate 83.33%, the difference demonstrated statistical meaning between both groups (P<0.01). Conclusion:ShengBai capsule could obviously in-crease WBC of the patients with leucopenia, it could significantly improve clinical symptoms of the patients, shorten the course of the treatment, its effects are better than berberine hydrochloride.%目的:观察升白胶囊治疗白细胞减少症的临床疗效。方法:将白细胞减少症患者195例随机分为治疗组105例服用升白胶囊治疗,对照组90例服用升白胺治疗。每周1次血常规检测,每月1次肝、肾功能及血糖检测,观察治疗前后白细胞计数及患者乏力、头晕、失眠、咽痛等临床症状改善情况。结果:治疗组显效率为53%,有效率为42.14%,总有效率为95.14%;对照组显效率为40.00%,有效率为43.33%,总有效率为83.33%,2组比较差异具有统计学意义(P<0.01)。结论:升白胶囊对于白细胞减少症患者有明显升高白细胞的作用,可明显改善患者临床症状,缩短疗程,疗效优于升白胺。

  15. 论文化地理学视阈中的白洋淀诗歌群落%On the Bai Yang Dian Poetry Cluster in the Literary Geography Context

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尤兰萍; 赵爱芳; 韩军

    2011-01-01

    文学地理因素对于白洋淀诗歌群落的形成起着重要的背景作用。湿地背景催发白洋淀诗歌群落诗歌情怀,燕赵文化渊源确立白洋淀诗歌群落诗歌生命基调,地缘优势打造白洋淀诗歌群落封闭而开放的诗歌美学。%This paper studies the literary geography context to explore the formation background of the Bai Yang Dian Poets Cluster and its poetic theory. It tries to further study the poetic feeling with the wetland background, the poetic tone with Yan Zhao clutural origin and the isolated and open poetic aethetics with the geo-advantage. The aim is to explore the new vision of the Bai Yang Dian poetry cluster.

  16. Analysis of the Research Status and Value of the Bai Genealogy%白族家谱研究现状及价值探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何俊伟

    2014-01-01

    Since the 1980s,studies on Bai genealogical aspects have been fruity including the collection of Bai genealogy, genealogical directories,genealogical and historical value,and the applied research of ethnic origins,names of Halls,the patronymic linkage naming system,the family ethnics. But there is still a big gap in the genealogical research between home and abroad,mainly the genealogy is stored in different places,historical documents are not well organized; Also outdated research,poor investment on research,single research direction etc. however,it has important documental value to strengthen the research on Bei genealogy. Not only can it add up some historical data,but also provides some new material of history for the study of ethnic history in the Southwest of China. Based on the research results,this paper classifies genealogy,analyzes the inadequacy of existing research,and summarizes research value of Bao genealogy.%20世纪80年代以来,白族家谱在家谱的调查收集、目录、家谱介绍及史料价值等基础研究和族源、堂号、父子连名制、家庭道德等应用研究方面取得了一些成果,但与国内外家谱研究相比仍存在很大差距,主要表现在家谱收藏分散、史料挖掘整理不够;研究滞后、力量薄弱;研究方向单一等问题。而加强对白族家谱的研究不仅可弥补白族史料的不足,也可为西南民族史的研究提供新的史料,具有重要的文献价值和现实意义。

  17. Process of House Self-renovation of Bai Nationality%白族民居自主更新改造的流程探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    凌超; 白旭

    2014-01-01

    本文以白族民居为研究对象,重点研究居民自主对传统民居进行更新改造遇到的困难,白族民居自主更新改造的流程中,目标、内容的明确性,条件、操作涉及的问题,综合对自主更新改造在制度法规的制约性、生活方式的变更性、材料选择的局限性、结构方式的安全性、装饰装修风格形式的规律性与多样性进行综合评价。最后总结出:基于技术、造价、施工周期条件下最适宜的自主更新改造程序,从而指导居民“自主”对自家民居进行更新改造,引导和杜绝功利主义的建设现象。%Taking the houses of Bai Nationality for the research object, this paper focuses on studying the difficulty of residents encountered in self-renovation of traditional houses, based on the clarity of target and content and the problems of conditions and operation in the self-renovation process of houses of Bai Nationality, conducts the integrated evaluation to the restriction of system and regulations, the change of lifestyle, the limitations of material selection, the security of structure way, the regularity and diversity of decoration style, and finally finds the most appropriate self- renovation process based on the technology, cost and construction period, so as to guide the houses self-renovation of residents, guide and eliminate the phenomenon of utilitarian construction.

  18. Dengue virus in sub-tropical northern and central Viet Nam: population immunity and climate shape patterns of viral invasion and maintenance.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maia A Rabaa

    Full Text Available Dengue virus transmission occurs in both epidemic and endemic cycles across tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. Incidence is particularly high in much of Southeast Asia, where hyperendemic transmission plagues both urban and rural populations. However, endemicity has not been established in some areas with climates that may not support year-round viral transmission. An understanding of how dengue viruses (DENV enter these environments and whether the viruses persist in inapparent local transmission cycles is central to understanding how dengue emerges in areas at the margins of endemic transmission. Dengue is highly endemic in tropical southern Vietnam, while increasingly large seasonal epidemics have occurred in northern Viet Nam over the last decade. We have investigated the spread of DENV-1 throughout Vietnam to determine the routes by which the virus enters northern and central regions of the country. Phylogeographic analysis of 1,765 envelope (E gene sequences from Southeast Asia revealed frequent movement of DENV between neighboring human populations and strong local clustering of viral lineages. Long-distance migration of DENV between human population centers also occurred regularly and on short time-scales, indicating human-mediated viral invasion into northern Vietnam. Human populations in southern Vietnam were found to be the primary source of DENV circulating throughout the country, while central and northern Vietnam acted as sink populations, likely due to reduced connectedness to other populations in the case of the central regions and to the influence of temperature variability on DENV replication and vector survival and competence in the north. Finally, phylogeographic analyses suggested that viral movement follows a gravity model and indicates that population immunity and physical and economic connections between populations may play important roles in shaping patterns of DENV transmission.

  19. Dengue virus in sub-tropical northern and central Viet Nam: population immunity and climate shape patterns of viral invasion and maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabaa, Maia A; Simmons, Cameron P; Fox, Annette; Le, Mai Quynh; Nguyen, Thuy Thi Thu; Le, Hai Yen; Gibbons, Robert V; Nguyen, Xuyen Thanh; Holmes, Edward C; Aaskov, John G

    2013-01-01

    Dengue virus transmission occurs in both epidemic and endemic cycles across tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. Incidence is particularly high in much of Southeast Asia, where hyperendemic transmission plagues both urban and rural populations. However, endemicity has not been established in some areas with climates that may not support year-round viral transmission. An understanding of how dengue viruses (DENV) enter these environments and whether the viruses persist in inapparent local transmission cycles is central to understanding how dengue emerges in areas at the margins of endemic transmission. Dengue is highly endemic in tropical southern Vietnam, while increasingly large seasonal epidemics have occurred in northern Viet Nam over the last decade. We have investigated the spread of DENV-1 throughout Vietnam to determine the routes by which the virus enters northern and central regions of the country. Phylogeographic analysis of 1,765 envelope (E) gene sequences from Southeast Asia revealed frequent movement of DENV between neighboring human populations and strong local clustering of viral lineages. Long-distance migration of DENV between human population centers also occurred regularly and on short time-scales, indicating human-mediated viral invasion into northern Vietnam. Human populations in southern Vietnam were found to be the primary source of DENV circulating throughout the country, while central and northern Vietnam acted as sink populations, likely due to reduced connectedness to other populations in the case of the central regions and to the influence of temperature variability on DENV replication and vector survival and competence in the north. Finally, phylogeographic analyses suggested that viral movement follows a gravity model and indicates that population immunity and physical and economic connections between populations may play important roles in shaping patterns of DENV transmission.

  20. Study on Public Opinion Governance in Minority Autonomous Regions:A Case Study on Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture%民族区域自治地方舆论治理研究——以大理白族自治州为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱波

    2015-01-01

    In the progress of globalization and the social modernization, with the special natural and social environment, the complicity and the particularity of public opinions in minority autonomous regions are different from the other inland provinces and regions in China. This paper studies the typical cases of public opinion governance in Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture, found that it's necessary to pay attention to the public opinion governance in resolving the social management crisis for minority autonomous regions. Promoting the expertise of public opinion monitoring, public opinion supervision and analysis of public opinion, and innovating the guidance way of public opinion in minority autonomous regions are meaningful for handling the increasing and complex public crisis.%在全球社会现代化的进程中,由于自然、社会环境独特,我国民族自治地方的舆情具有不同于内地省区的复杂性、特殊性,研究近年大理白族自治州舆论治理典型案例,认识民族区域自治地方化解社会治理危机要重视舆论治理,既要提升民意监测、舆论监督、舆情分析的专业性,又要创新民族区域自治地方舆论引导的方式,这对应对日益频发且复杂的公共危机具有一定的现实意义.

  1. 白族家谱有关南诏大理国“名家大姓”史料探析%Study on Historical Data of"Famous Families"in Bai's Genealogies in Nanzhao and Dali Kingdom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何俊伟

    2015-01-01

    〔Abstract〕This article lists the historical data of Bai's "famous families" in historical records from Tang Dynasty, introduces the historical data of famous families in Nanzhao and Dali Kingdom in Bai's genealogies, and studies on the surname source, name custom, officials and female figures. Historical data of Nanzhao and Dali Kingdom's "famous families" recorded in Bai's genealogies has important historical value. It does not only supplement limited historical data of Nanzhao and Dali Kingdom but also provides new historical data for the study of history of nationalities in southwest of China.%通过对唐以来诸史籍之白族“名家大姓”史料梳理,介绍白族家谱所载南诏大理国“名家大姓”史料,并对其姓氏来源、取名习俗、职官、女性人物等内容进行探析,认为白族家谱所载南诏大理国“名家大姓”史料不仅可弥补南诏、大理国史料记载的不足,也为西南民族史研究提供新的史料,具有重要的史料价值。

  2. Refractory Minerals in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIN Qinguo; LI Jing; LIU Jiehua; LIU Yanjun

    2004-01-01

    Henan province is very rich in refractory minerals of many varieties including silica, dolomite, graphite,pearlite, sepiolite, olivine, and sillimanite group minerals, besides the abundant reserves of fireclay and bauxite,which lay a good foundation for the development of the refractories industry of the province. The paper introduces the reserves, distribution and character of the refractory minerals in Henan province.

  3. Effect of periphyton community structure on heavy metal accumulation in mystery snail (Cipangopaludina chinensis): A case study of the Bai River, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jingguo Cui; Baoqing Shan; Wenzhong Tang

    2012-01-01

    The ratio of metal:P stoichiometry was used to identify the accumulation pathways of heavy metals (V,Cr,Co,Ni,Cu,Cd,and Pb) from periphyton to snails Cipangopaludina chinensis Gray (C.chinensis) in the Bai River watershed.The results showed that periphyton communities were mainly composed of two types of algae,filamentous green algae and unicellular diatoms.The proportion of unicellular diatoms in the periphyton community is a key factor that influences metal accumulation in C.chinensis.The V,Cr,Co,Ni,and Cd content of C.chinensis increased steadily as the corresponding metal content of periphyton increased,but Cu and Pb in the snail did not increase in the periphyton.Mechanisms of V,Cr,and Ni accumulation were found to be related to the proportion of diatoms,while Cd and Pb accumulation were dependent on the physiological characteristics of C.chinensis.The accumulation of Cu in C.chinensis was closely related to their grazing behavior.The metal:P stoichiometry revealed that Cr,Ni,and Cd can reduce the potential ecological risks associated with increased P inputs to the ecosystem.V and Co were considered to be relatively safe,regardless of the periphyton P content.Finally,Pb may not be prone to transfer to higher trophic levels,and may pose the lowest ecological risks of the studied heavy metals,but Cu can cause potential ecological risks when eutrophication has occurred.

  4. Sorrow of a Great Poet-Looking at Li Bai with another Eye%大诗人的悲哀——另一只眼看李白

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余晓萍

    2009-01-01

    Li Bai was a great poet who enjoyed the permanent reputation in the history of Chinese literature. He had left very large poems as resplendent bright pearls for parnassus of Chinese ancient times, and had got splendid poems accomplishment. But, he spawned his life setback and politics tragedy because of his life habit of writing poems with drinking the wine, unrestrained behavior way, politics acute bluntness or shortcoming. His life fortune could provide later persons with use for reference.%李白是中国文学史上享有长盛不衰声誉的大诗人,他给中国古代诗坛留下了一颗颗硕大璀璨的明珠,取得了辉煌的诗歌成就,然而,他却因为自身诗必斗酒的生活习性、恃才放浪的行为方式、政治敏锐性的迟钝或缺失酿成了自己的人生挫折和政治悲剧,他的人生际遇可以为后世之人提供一些有益的思索.

  5. 白族传统体育在大理民俗旅游开发中的作用%The effect of Dali Bai Ethnic Traditional Sports on Dali Folk Tourism Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁晓琴

    2012-01-01

    大理白族自治州位于我国西南地区,是一个历史悠久、文化深厚的白族聚居地。在发展民族经济的大潮中,民俗旅游已成为大理的支柱型产业之一。大理的旅游业以醉人的自然风情为基点,凭借其纯朴的民风和独特的白族文化吸引着大批中外游客。近年来,在大理地方政府的大力推动下,特色鲜明、底蕴深厚的白族传统体育已成为全州旅游产业蓬勃发展的新支柱,促进了大理旅游业向更全面、更规范、更具民族特色的方向发展。该文以白族传统体育项目的旅游开发作为切人点,通过文献资料法、访问调查法、逻辑分析法进一步揭示白族传统体育在民俗旅游开发中的特点,集中展示其对大理民俗旅游的促进作用。%Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture, has headquarters in the southwest of China, with a long history and rich and profound cultural reserves. Folk Tourism has become a multimfllion dollar industry of Dali with the rapid development of ethnic economy. The tourism of Dali basis of its natural amorous feelings, attracting a lot of Chinese and foreign tourists with its honest folkway and distinct Bai culture. In recent years, Dali Bai ethnic traditional sports with distinct characteristics and profound culture have become a multimillion dollar industry of whole state. It promotes the development of Dali tourism more comprehensive, more norms, and more ethnic. Through emphasizing on the tourism development of Dali Bai ethnic traditional sport events, through the method of documentary data, logic analysis, interviewing survey, this study further explicates the characteristic of Dali Bai ethnic traditional sports in folk tourism development. And then it mainly shows its promoting effect on Dali folk tourism.

  6. 陕西省主要粮食作物比较优势分析%Analvsis of Comparative Advantage of Main Food Crops in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李凤

    2012-01-01

    According to the comparative advantage theory, by using the improved comprehensive comparative advantage index method, this paper analyzed the changes in the comparative advantage of three main food crops (wheat, rice and maize) in Shaanxi province during 1990~2009. The result showed that the comprehensive comparative advantage indexes of these three crops all were at a disadvantage; wheat and maize had higher scale advantage index (SAI), but their efficiency advantage index (EAI) and benefit advantage index (BAI) were lower; however, rice had higher EAI and BAI, but its SAI was lower. Based on this analysis, some proposals for the structure readjustment of the main food crops in Shaanxi province were put forward.%根据比较优势理论,利用改进的综合比较优势指数法,对陕西省小麦、稻谷、玉米3种主要粮食作物在1990 ~2009年间的比较优势变动趋势进行了分析,其结果表明:3种作物的综合比较优势指数都处于劣势,其中小麦和玉米具有规模优势但是效率和效益指数较低,稻谷具有效率和效益优势但是规模太小,并在此基础上提出了陕西省主要粮食作物结构调整的对策和建议.

  7. Characterizing the relationship between temperature and mortality in tropical and subtropical cities: a distributed lag non-linear model analysis in Hue, Viet Nam, 2009–2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tran Ngoc Dang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The relationship between temperature and mortality has been found to be U-, V-, or J-shaped in developed temperate countries; however, in developing tropical/subtropical cities, it remains unclear. Objectives: Our goal was to investigate the relationship between temperature and mortality in Hue, a subtropical city in Viet Nam. Design: We collected daily mortality data from the Vietnamese A6 mortality reporting system for 6,214 deceased persons between 2009 and 2013. A distributed lag non-linear model was used to examine the temperature effects on all-cause and cause-specific mortality by assuming negative binomial distribution for count data. We developed an objective-oriented model selection with four steps following the Akaike information criterion (AIC rule (i.e. a smaller AIC value indicates a better model. Results: High temperature-related mortality was more strongly associated with short lags, whereas low temperature-related mortality was more strongly associated with long lags. The low temperatures increased risk in all-category mortality compared to high temperatures. We observed elevated temperature-mortality risk in vulnerable groups: elderly people (high temperature effect, relative risk [RR]=1.42, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.11–1.83; low temperature effect, RR=2.0, 95% CI=1.13–3.52, females (low temperature effect, RR=2.19, 95% CI=1.14–4.21, people with respiratory disease (high temperature effect, RR=2.45, 95% CI=0.91–6.63, and those with cardiovascular disease (high temperature effect, RR=1.6, 95% CI=1.15–2.22; low temperature effect, RR=1.99, 95% CI=0.92–4.28. Conclusions: In Hue, the temperature significantly increased the risk of mortality, especially in vulnerable groups (i.e. elderly, female, people with respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. These findings may provide a foundation for developing adequate policies to address the effects of temperature on health in Hue City.

  8. Nine Provinces Submerged

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU YUNYUN

    2010-01-01

    @@ After being plagued with severe drought earlier this year,the southern part of China has been ravaged by heavy rainfall since May. According to the China Meteorological Administration (CMA),from June 23-25 a new round of storms swept the southern part of the country including all nine provinces in the south.It was the 11th round of storms since May 5,said CMA.

  9. Behavioral responses of one western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) group at Bai Hokou, Central African Republic, to tourists, researchers and trackers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klailova, Michelle; Hodgkinson, Chloe; Lee, Phyllis C

    2010-09-01

    Gorilla tourism, widely perceived as a lucrative industry, is propelled by strong market demand with programs in five countries and for three of four gorilla subspecies. Human presence may negatively affect wild gorillas, potentially lowering immunity and increasing the likelihood of acquiring human-borne disease. Yet, behavioral impacts of humans on wild gorilla behavior remain largely unexplored, particularly for western lowland gorillas. We evaluate the impact of tourist presence, human observer numbers (tourists, trackers, and researchers), and human observer distance on the behavior of one habituated gorilla group at Bai Hokou, Central African Republic. Behavioral data were collected for more than 12 months from January 2007. Of silverback aggressive events, 39% (N=229) were human directed, but 65% were low-level soft barks. Adult females, and one in particular, were responsible for the highest number of aggressive events toward humans. Humans maintained closer proximity to the silverback when tourists were present, although tourist numbers had no significant impact on overall group activity budgets or rates of human-directed aggression. However, as research team size increased, group feeding rates decreased. Close observer-silverback distance correlated with a decrease in his feeding rates and an increase in human monitoring. He directed less aggression toward observers at distances >10 m, although observers spent 48.5% of time between 6 and 10 m of the silverback. We discuss gorilla personality as a factor in human-directed aggression. We explore whether the current 7 m distance limit governing gorilla tourism, based on disease transmission risks, is sufficient considering the potential behavioral stressor of close human presence. We recommend increasing minimum observation distance to >10 m where possible, decreasing observer group sizes, particularly after a visit consisting of maximum numbers and restricting tourist access to 1 visit/day.

  10. 白居易的行旅活动与行旅诗创作%Bai Juyi’s Travelling Activities and Travelling Poems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦尤杰

    2016-01-01

    Travelling is an important activity in Bai juyi’s life, which falls into two parts. The former is for personal affairs and full of sadness, going to his father’s working place or sitting the Imperial Examination. The latter is a business trip and also full of sorrow and happiness. The reason for it is being demoted, transferred to place near the capital city, going to his post or being sent on a mission. His travelling is around Chang’an and Luoyang. In the course of the journey, grief and indignation motivated him to write poems, easy life is helpful for his writing, and beautiful scenes and historical culture enlighten him, so he writes a lot of travelling poems.%行旅是白居易一生的重要活动,前期行旅充满忧伤,行旅是个人私事,行旅原因是随父漂流和参加科举,行旅目的地是父亲任职地与科举考场;后期行旅有忧伤也有快乐,行旅是公事,行旅原因是被贬、量移、任职、出使,行旅以长安、洛阳为中心。行旅中,忧伤悲愤刺激创作,悠闲有助于创作,地域美景引发创作,历史文化启示创作,驿馆题诗激励创作,所以白居易创作了大量的行旅诗。

  11. Molecular and morphological variation of Paragonimus westermani in Vietnam with records of new second intermediate crab hosts and a new locality in a northern province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doanh, N Pham; Tu, A Luu; Bui, T Dung; Loan, T Ho; Nonaka, Nariaki; Horii, Yoichiro; Blair, David; Nawa, Yukifumi

    2016-10-01

    Paragonimus westermani is one of the most medically important lung flukes and is widely distributed in Asia. It exhibits considerable variation in morphological, genetic and biological features. In central provinces of Vietnam, a high prevalence of metacercariae of this species has been reported from the crab intermediate host, Vietopotamon aluoiense. In this study, we detected P. westermani metacercariae in two additional crab hosts, Donopotamon haii in Quang Tri Province, central Vietnam and Indochinamon tannanti in Yen Bai Province in the north. The latter is a new locality for P. westermani in a northern region of Vietnam where P. heterotremus is the only species currently known to cause human paragonimiasis. Paragonimus westermani metacercariae found in Vietnam showed considerable morphological variation but slight genetic variation based on DNA sequences from the nuclear ribosomal ITS2 region and the mitochondrial 16S gene. Co-infection of the same individual crabs with P. westermani and P. heterotremus and/or some other Paragonimus species was found frequently, suggesting potential for co-infection in humans. The findings of the present study emphasize the need for highly specific molecular and immunodiagnostic methods to differentially diagnose between P. westermani and P. heterotremus infections.

  12. On the Movement and Purification of Emotion in Bai Juyi's Eternal Regret Song%论白居易《长恨歌》中诗“情”的位移与纯化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏清

    2012-01-01

    Bai Juyi advocated the poetics of implicit criticism.However,there existed a paradox between Bai Juyi's poetics and his emotion in Eternal Regret Song,which characterized by the movement of emotion.Emperor Xuanzong was so indulged in Yang Kueifei that he neglected daily affairs,which depressed Bai Juyi at the beginning of the poetry.But he showed his dialectical sense of history when he described the death of Yang Kueifei.He thought they had only themselves to blame,but the inexorable history struck him at the same time.Bai Juyi showed his great sympathy when he described Xuanzong,who was in memory of Yang Kueifei.The love tragedy was deepened through Yang Kueifei's mirroring of Xuanzong's passion in the paragraph of necromancer's evocation.Poet's movement of emotion accompanied with purification of emotion,which expanded emotional depth by strategies of emotion variation and selective narration.%白居易主张"美刺"的诗学观,但在《长恨歌》中这一诗学原则与诗人情感发生了悖谬,表现为《长恨歌》中诗人情感的位移。诗开头诗人对玄宗溺女色荒朝政深感痛心;但描述杨妃之死却表现出辩证的历史感,既觉咎由自取,也深感历史无情;而后描写玄宗缅怀杨妃更是充满同情,方士招魂一段通过杨妃对玄宗情感的呼应而深化了这一爱情悲剧。诗人情感的位移又是与情感的纯化相伴随的,通过情感变异和选择性叙事等策略而加强了情感浓度。

  13. Basic ways and historical evolution of the ritual of Gui-bai%中国古代跪拜礼仪的基本形式与内涵演变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李为香

    2014-01-01

    The ritual of Gui-bai was filled in noble life in the stage of Gui-zuo (kneeling). It was almost the body symbol to express all kinds of interpersonal relationship. Qi-shou, dun-shou, kong-shou and Qi-sang have different spaces and meanings in the ritual of Gui-bai. This paper discriminates the etiquettes above mentioned. It is helpful to understand the meanings of Gui-bai and the relatively equal liege relationship in Zhou dynasty. However, the ritual of Gui-bai changed under the imperial politics system after the Qin and Han dynasties. The previous two-way and relatively equal liege relationship gradually became unidirectional and unequal. These changes brought out internal danger of the Chinese imperial politics.%在以跪坐为主要居处坐姿的历史时期,跪拜礼仪盛行于贵族生活的方方面面,几乎成为表达重要人际关系的身体符号。跪拜礼仪中的稽首、顿首、空首及稽颡等礼仪各有其使用空间及意义,君臣僚属之间均依身份不同严格遵守相应的礼仪,而且所有仪式均是双向与对等的。这充分体现出古代贵族分权体制下尊卑有序与一体化的君臣关系。然而,秦汉以后,跪拜礼在皇权政治体制之下不断地发生变化,逐渐演变为臣对君、下对上的单向不对等礼仪。在两千多年的帝制体系下,跪拜礼仪成为君臣共同尊奉与遵守的皇权政治仪式。

  14. Research on molecular identification of mema cestode from 4 ethnic populations in Yunnan Province%云南4个少数民族带绦虫分子鉴定研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晨昊; 杨毅梅

    2009-01-01

    目的 利用分子遗传标志对采自云南西部彝族(楚雄)、傈僳族(怒江)、普米族(怒江)、白族(大理)等4个少数民族带绦虫标本作生物多态性的研究. 方法取云南彝族分离株、傈僳分离株、普米分离株、白族分离株和贵州从江分离株带绦虫成虫节片,提取线粒体DNA,PCR扩增线粒体DNA细胞色素B(mtDNA-Cytb)序列部分片段测序;结合GenBank中已知猪带绦虫、牛带绦虫和牛带绦虫亚洲亚种 mtDNA-Cytb序列,使用PHYLIP软件包运用最大似然法和最大简约法构建系统发育树.结果系统发育树显示云南傈僳族、普米族和白族带绦虫标本与台湾牛带绦虫业洲业种的遗传距离最接近,距云南彝族、贵州从江牛带绦虫标本较远,与猪带绦虫则更远. 结论云南傈僳族(怒江)、普米族(怒江)和白族(大理)带绦虫标本属于牛带绦虫亚洲弧种,云南彝族(楚雄)带绦虫标本属于牛带绦虫;mtDNA-Cytb 序列分析可以用于带绦虫生物多态性研究.%Objective To study the biologic polymorphism of taenia cestode samples from Yi population (Chuxiong),Lisu population (Nujiang),Pumi population (Nujiang) and Bai population (Dali) in the west of Yunnan by molecular genetic markers.Methods Mitochondrial DNA were extracted from the proglottis of adult taenia cestode strains from Yi population,Lisu population,Pumi population,Bai population and Congjiang District respectively,partial segments of mitochondrial DNA-cytochrome B (mtDNA-Cytb) sequences were amplified by polymcrase chain reaction (PCR),then sequenced.Phylogenetic tree of species and geographical isolates was constructed with other known mtDNA-Cytb sequence of T.solium.T.saginata and T.saginata asiatica in GenBank.Results The phylogenetic tree constructed revealed that the taenia cestode samples from Lisu population,Pumi population and Bai population in Yunnan Province were close to Taiwan strain genetically,but far from Yi population in Yunnan

  15. Food Rituals for the Bai People’s Patron God in Shuanglang,Dali%大理双廊白族本主祭祀食事研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王斯

    2016-01-01

    Bai people have abundant culture on food rituals,but a few specific researches on it. This paper based on the fieldwork in Shuanglang Town of Dali,focuses on foodways during their patron god pag-eant ceremony,displays and analyses people’s behavior and logic,with the theories and methodologies from Symbolic Anthropology,and local documents as well. Thus,it thinks the preparation before the pag-eant is essentially some purification for the ritual space and the people. Duties and regulations in the pag-eant are a construction and activation of their group memory. When get into the temple,the procedure of sacrifice is to kill animals instead of human,so as to complete the exchange with patron gods. In addition, the feast after sacrifice is not only sharing the blessings,but also pull people out of the death symbol and back to normal life.%白族有丰富的祭祀饮食文化,尚且缺乏深入的专项研究。本文以大理双廊为田野点,围绕红山本主巡境祭祀中的饮食事象,借鉴象征人类学的相关理论方法,分析红山本主的地方文本,呈现并解读其献祭仪式的行为方式和内部逻辑。研究认为巡境之前的准备实质上是对仪式空间和祭祀主体的净化;巡境途中的各司其职和行为规范实质是对族群集体记忆的建构与活化;巡境抵达之后献祭牺牲的过程实质是用动物替代人的献祭,完成与神癨的交换。献祭后的宴飨,既是分享福报,也是将人身上的死亡象征剥离出来,使人回归到世俗空间。

  16. Effects of Chaihu-Shugan-San and Shen-Ling-Bai-Zhu-San on p38 MAPK Pathway in Kupffer Cells of Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qin-He Yang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to investigate the effects of Chaihu-Shugan-San (CSS, Shen-Ling-Bai-Zhu-San (SLBZS, and integrated recipe of the above two recipes on inflammatory markers and proteins involved in p38 MAPK pathway in Kupffer cells of NASH rats induced by high fat diet (HFD. Rats were administered at low or high dose of CSS, SLBZS, and integrated recipe except normal group and model group for 16 weeks. The levels of hepatic lipid, TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6 in liver tissues were measured. Kupffer cells were isolated from livers to evaluate expressions of TLR4, p-p38 MAPK, and p38 MAPK by Western blotting. The results showed that the NASH model rats successfully reproduced typical pathogenetic and histopathological features. Levels of hepatic lipid and liver tissues inflammatory factors in high-dose SLBZS group and integrated recipe group were all lower than that of model group decreased observably. Expressions of TLR4, p-p38 MAPK, and p38 MAPK in Kupffer cells were decreased in all treatment groups, but there was no significant difference between treatment groups. The high-dose SLBZS group had the lowest expression levels of TLR4, and the most visible downtrend in the expression levels of p-p38 MAPK and p38 MAPK was found in the high-dose integrated recipe group. The ratio of p-p38 MAPK to total p38 MAPK protein was obviously increased in all treatment groups. Therefore, our study showed that the activation of p38 MAPK pathway in Kupffer cells might be related to the release of inflammatory factors such as TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6 in NASH rats. High dose of SLBZS and integrated recipe might work as a significant anti-inflammatory effect in Kupffer cells of NASH rats induced by HFD through suppression of p38 MAPK pathway. It indicated that p38 MAPK pathway may be the possible effective target for the recipes.

  17. 白族本主崇拜与民族性特质的辩证关系探析%The Dialectic Relationships between the Local Deity-worship and the Bai's Traits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙侨兵

    2014-01-01

    The early 1930 s, some anthropologists represented by Mead began to study the relationships between culture and individual , and put forward a conclusion that culture can cultivate the "basic per-sonality"of each nation , which brought out a great impact on psychology and anthropology .The local de-ity-worship of Bai is a kind of belief with many characteristics , so to use Mead's theory to explain the di-alectic relationships between the traits of Bai and the Deity -worship will be of much importance to un-derstand and develop the diversified ethnic culture .%20世纪30年代初,以米德为代表的一些人类学家开始研究文化与个人关系,得出文化塑造各民族“基本人格”的结论,在心理学和人类学界造成很大影响。本主崇拜是白族的特色信仰,将米德的理论用于解释其与白族性特质的辩证关系,对理解和发展中国少数民族多元文化有重要的借鉴和实践意义。

  18. 生态伦理学视阈下的大理白族传统水文化%A Study on the Traditional Water Culture of Bai Nationality in Dali from the Perspective of Ecological Ethics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何光群

    2014-01-01

    白族传统水文化中蕴含着丰富的生态伦理思想,在历史上对人与水的和谐关系之建构起过重要的作用。从物象、制度行为、精神三个层面对白族传统水文化所蕴含的生态伦理思想进行分析,可以为解决水危机,促进生态文明建设提供一定的借鉴作用。%Bai traditional water culture contains a wealth of ecological ethics thought, and played an important role in the construction of a harmonious relationship between man and water in the history. This paper analyzed the ecological ethics thoughts which are contained in the Bai traditional water culture from three levels:physical image, the system and behavior, and the spirit, so as to provide some references to solve water crisis and promote ecological civilization construction.

  19. Analysis of the Application of Visual Cultural Elements of Bai Nationality in Tourism Development%视觉性白族文化元素在旅游开发中的创新性应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹星

    2015-01-01

    Visual cultural elements of nationalities are important symbols to manifest characteristics of nationality culture as well as important identification and key attraction in nationality areas' tourism development. Bai culture has rich contents, various forms, strong participation and visual impact. With the proper development and utilization, it can effectively enhance attraction of regional tourism industry and quality of tourism products. We should focus on the analysis of the types of visual cultural elements of Bai nationality and its application, success and failure, ways to improve tourism development, and explore the ideas and ways of its innovative use.%视觉性民族文化元素是彰显民族文化特色的重要符号,也是民族地区旅游开发中的重要识别码和关键吸引物.白族文化内容丰富、形式多样、可参与性大、视觉冲击力强,开发利用得当,能够有力提升区域旅游产业的吸引力和旅游产品的品质.因此,我们应对视觉性白族文化元素的类型及其在旅游开发中的应用、得失与提升途径进行分析,并探索创新利用的思路和方式.

  20. On lntergrowth of Witchcraft and Art in Nowadays Bai Villages from Perspective of Religion%当代白族乡村巫术与艺术共生的宗教维度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李世武

    2012-01-01

    当代白族乡村巫术艺术共生现象的研究不能在西方艺术考古学、艺术人类学或艺术哲学的学科范式内进行,“原始艺术”这一术语与当代白族乡村民间艺术之间是不可通约的。从宗教维度来阐释当代白族乡村巫术与艺术共生的现象,是将此现象视为一种社会行为,可以发现巫术、艺术、宗教等文化事象之间的微妙关系。%The study on the intergrowth of witchcraft and art in nowadays Bai people villages should not be done in the mode of western Artistic Archaeology, Anthropology of Art or Philosophy of Art. The term ' primitive art' is different from the art in contemporary Bai rural areas. Interpre- ting the intergrowth from religion regards the phenomena as a social behavior to discover the subtle relation between witchcraft, art and religion.

  1. Biomass Business Opportunities Viet Nam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zwebe, D. [SNV Netherlands Development Organisation, Ha Noi (Viet Nam)

    2012-03-15

    The goal of this survey is to provide a more specific and integral perspective in which niches, relevant policy development by the Vietnamese government, legislation and sustainability criteria are clearly addressed to benefit both the Dutch Private sector as well as to stimulate Dutch-Vietnamese cooperation and support the Vietnamese government in its search for tangible options to develop the desired enabling environment for a sustainable biomass/biofuel market. The following activities are defined to be executed to reach the goal of the project: Biomass availability in Vietnam (Chapter 2); Government of Vietnam and Energy (Chapter 3); The opportunities and barriers to enter the market in Vietnam (Chapter 4 and 5); Stakeholder analysis of the bio-energy sector (Chapter 6); and Recommendations (Chapter 7)

  2. Silicic Large Igneous Provinces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Scott Bryan

    2007-01-01

    @@ Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) are the end-product of huge additions of magma to the continental crust both at the surface and at depth. Since the first categorisation of LIPs by Coffin & Eldholm (1994), it has been recognised that LIPs are more varied inform, age and character, and this includes the recognition of Silicic LIPs. Silicic LIPs are the largest accumulations of primary volcaniclastic rocks at the Earth's surface with areal extents >0.1 Mkm2 and extrusive and subvolcanic intrusive volumes >0.25 Mkm3. The Late Palaeozoic to Cenozoic Silicic LIP events are the best recognised and are similar in terms of their dimension, crustal setting, volcanic architecture and geochemistry.

  3. Research on the Prevention and Control of Dengue by Using Mosquito Repellent lncense in Hai Hung Province, Viet Nam%越南Hai Hung省使用蚊香防治登革出血热的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Nsuyen ThuyHoa; 郑剑; 姜志宽

    2001-01-01

    目的:防治传播登革出血热的媒介;方法:使用棒状蚊香在Hai Hung省进行现场灭蚊实验;结果:使用蚊香棒后蚊虫密度明显下降,7 h三个实验现场Ngugen Trai,Phu Luogn,Hong Thai蚊虫密度(只/h)分别为2.80,1.45,1.40;结论:蚊香棒使用简便、省时、省钱,是一个较好的防治蚊虫的剂型.

  4. Artistic Interpretation of Guilin Landscape Painting by Bai Xiaoj un%江山之助大道幽蹊--白晓军桂林山水画艺术解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张景鸿

    2015-01-01

    白晓军山水画艺术寓雄于秀而富神韵、达性情;以密写疏而见空灵、致旷远。画家以特有的生命感悟及艺术实践方式“诗意地栖居”于林泉高致之天地大美,引领了当代桂林山水人文资源的深度开发与艺术表现。纵观白晓军山水画艺术的成长与发展,可概括为四大部分:1)锁定目标,启动自己,无为而为而必为;2)延伸状态,做大自己,洋洋艺海纳百川;3)转换语言,刷新自己,语不惊人平也奇;4)聚焦特色,放飞自己,风骚我领夺造化。%The landscape paintings by Bai Xiaoj un imply the scenery’s maj esty into its beauty so as to express its charm and achieve its nature.With his dense way of drawing,Bai conveys profound meaning and express the ethereal and broad vision.He leads to develop deeply and express artistically the contemporary natural resources of the landscape of Guilin by his specific life perception and practical way of inhabiting poetically in the beauty of the universe of the elegance of the bamboo and spring.The growth and development of the landscape painting of Bai Xiaoj un can be summarized as follows.First,aiming at sure targets and starting to express the self freely.Second, extending the self and learning from predecessors.Third,switching modes of expressions,and renovating so that even the plain expressions have also surprising effects.Fourth,focusing and developing characteristic styles.

  5. Artistic Origin and Development of the Tradition of Landscape Poems of LI Bai%论李白各体山水诗的艺术渊源及其对传统的发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Compared with five-character landscape poems of WANG Wei and MENG Hao-ran, there are very few seven-character landscape poems of GAO Shi, CEN Shen and WANG Chang-ling. How⁃ever, LI Bai before AN and SHI Riot writes landscape poems with styles such as five-character, five-character and eight-line, five-character and four-line, seven-character and four-line and seven-character poems, which achieve greatly artistically. Stylistically speaking, LI Bai explores most hard, extensively and change-fully in the writing of landscape poems in flourishing Tang Dynasty with unique origin and features and with different expression of tradition and innovation. The overall fea⁃tures are: first, they show individuality; secondly, they start from different types of literature and pur⁃sue musicality commonly. There contribute to the individuality of landscape poems of LI Bai and cast lasting influence on the posterity.%相对王维、孟浩然山水诗的成就主要在五言,高适、岑参、王昌龄等人七言写山水也很少,李白在安史之乱前就已广泛采用五古、五律、五绝、七绝、七言歌行等体裁来表现山水主题,并且取得了很高的艺术成就。从体裁入手考察其山水诗,可以说李白是盛唐诗人中在山水诗创作方面用力最勤、开掘最广、变创最多的诗人。李白各体山水诗都有其独特的渊源与风格特点,在承与变、承与创之间有不同的表现。而总的特点有二:一是充分地表现个性,二是从各自的体裁特点出发,共同体现对音乐性的追求。二者构成李白山水诗不同于盛唐诸家的独特个性,而且对后世山水诗艺术影响深远。

  6. 韩、白对中唐寒燠异常的不同感知与书写%The Diverse Perceptions and Writings on Temperature Disorder in Han Yu and Bai Juyi's Poetry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖美玉

    2013-01-01

    The records of temperature disorder appear in Xin Tang Shu several times . The first one was marked in 659 A . D . Then , numerous extreme weathers were noted in the middle period of the Tang Dynasty . There was heavy snow in March , serious drought in the summer , and especially the sudden snow in August and chilly weather in the spring through 820 to 821 A .D .Interestingly ,the perceptions and the writings of temperature disorder in Tang poetry is opposite to the record in Xin Tang Shu .If we examine the poetry of Han Yu and Bai Juyi ,we can find that their writings of climatic variation did not match with the Xin Tang Shu . Besides , Han Yu and Bai Juyi seemed to perceive the temperature diversely . Therefore , this paper aimed at the diverse perceptions of Han Yu and Bai Juyi . With the study on the poets'sensitivity and capacity for the climatic variation ,it helps reflect on the connection between“Lyrical T radition”and climatic variation .%《新唐书·五行志》所录唐代寒燠异常现象,首见于显庆四年(659),至中唐时期(765-835)而明显加剧,除了贞元十九年(803)的三月大雪、夏季亢旱、秋天早霜,甚至在元和十五年(820)至长庆元年(821)先后出现了三月雹、八月雪、仲春二月海水冰的寒燠异常极端气候。与《五行志》的记载相比较,中唐诗人的寒/燠感知与书写,整体而言,未能充分反映当时剧烈的寒燠异常现象,并且集中在白居易与韩愈两大家身上。藉由韩愈、白居易对寒/燠的同时异感,探讨诗人对自然环境变迁议题的敏感度与掌握能力,以期能对诗歌的抒情传统与自然环境的变迁有所回应。

  7. Wiat Kiao nai prathet thai kap khwamsamphan thai-wiatnam (Viet Kieu in Thailand in Thai-Vietnamese Relationship, Thanyathip Sripana et Trinh Dieu Thin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Baffie

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Historiquement les Vietnamiens de Thaïlande sont établis principalement dans trois parties du royaume. Dans l’Est du pays, et surtout dans la province de Chanthaburi, ce sont les descendants de réfugiés catholiques fuyant les répressions des empereurs vietnamiens. Ils sont connus par les archives missionnaires, mais les études universitaires font défaut.Le second lieu d’émigration est Bangkok. Ceux anciennement installés dans le quartier chinois de Yaowarat ont été assimilés à la population c...

  8. A new approach to electron diffraction analysis of symmetric triatomic molecules with large-amplitude bending motion : The equilibrium geometry, force field and vibrational frequencies of BaI2 as determined by electron diffraction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spiridonov, V. P.; Gershikov, A. G.; Altman, A. B.; Romanov, G. V.; Ivanov, A. A.

    1981-01-01

    Diffraction data on BaI 2, analyzed by a new approach, indicate an anharmonic potential with a barrier of 71(12) cm -1 at a linear geometry. The structural and vibrational parameters were found to be reh(Ba-I o) = 3.150(7)Å, ∠ eIBaI = 148.0(9) °, fq = 0.69(8) mdyn/Å, fqq= 0.14(6) mdyn/Å, k2 = -0.0075(15) mdyn/Å, k4 = 0.0025(9) mdyn/Å 3, v1 = 106(12) cm -1 and v3 = 145(21) cm -1. The bending frequency v2 is predicted to be near 16 cm -1.

  9. The Effect of Sprang "Shan Bai Song" Soft Improver on Small Watermelon is Remarkable%小型西瓜喷施“山佰松”士壤改良剂效果研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于庆; 吕娟; 侯庶恪; 王雪; 祈福盛

    2012-01-01

    “山佰松”(サンバィォ·エ-ス)土壤改良剂由日本东洋商社生产,是利用磁软化水和天然微生物合成的纯天然生物制剂,内含8种天然氨基酸、17种乳酸茵和多种单分子糖等,能改善土壤物理性状,提高土壤肥力,保水抗旱,降低发病率,使植株生长稳健,提高农产品质量和产量。在保护地小型西瓜应用“山佰松”土壤改良剂,试验结果显示土壤物理性状得到改善,小西瓜的生育性状、抗病性、产量及效益均可显著提高。%" Shan Bai Song " (サンバィォ·エ-ス) soil improver by Japanese Oriental trading company production was made of magnetic water softener and natural microbes in the synthesis of pure natural biological agents, which contained eight natural amino acid, 17 kinds of lactic acid bacteria and a variety of single molecule sugar. It could improve soil physical properties, increase soil fertility, drought resistance of water, reduce the incidence of a disease, make plant growth robust, improve agricultural product quality and output. The application in crops achieved remarkable effect. The application of "Shah Bai Song" soil improver on small watermelon in protected plantation had notable effect.

  10. Cultural Connotation of the Decorative Art in the Benzhu Temple of Bai Nationality%白族本主庙装饰艺术的文化内涵

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    饶峻姝; 饶峻妮

    2012-01-01

    本主庙是白族宗教文化最典型的物质形态,内容丰富、雕饰精美,集中体现了白族建筑中高度成熟的建筑、雕刻、彩绘、书画艺术技巧,也反映了少数民族文化与原始宗教文化、汉文化、周边少数民族地域文化在建筑中的交融与叠合。本主庙借助建筑外观形式、装饰、色彩等要素,用独特的语言形式表达丰富而深邃的文化信息,主要表现在敬神礼人,以人为本;求吉祈福,乐天安命;文化整合,雅俗共赏三个方面。%Benzhu temple is the most typical physical form of religious culture for Bai nationality, inside which the cultural content is rich and the sculpture is exquisite. Benzhu temple is the concentrated reflection of Bai people's highly matured skills in building, carving, colored drawing, handwriting and painting. It also reflects the cultural blending of the ethnic minorities primitive religions, Han people, and the neighboring minority regions in architecture. Through the appearance, decoration and colour of the building and with unique language form, Benzhu temple conveys rich and profound cultural messages, which emphasize three aspects: god and man, praying and fate, and cultural integration.

  11. Strategy of converting Jiangsu Province A Foreign-trade Large Province into A Foreign-trade Strong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Jiangsu Province, after executing economic internationalization strategy and establishing the strategic goal of foreign-trade strong province,meaning to pursue a dominating position in the foreign trade relations, has become one of the foreign-trade large provinces of China and provided considerable international competitive power in some important fields.

  12. Strategy of converting Jiangsu Province A Foreign-trade Large Province into A Foreign-trade Strong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

      Jiangsu Province, after executing economic internationalization strategy and establishing the strategic goal of foreign-trade strong province,meaning to pursue a dominating position in the foreign trade relations, has become one of the foreign-trade large provinces of China and provided considerable international competitive power in some important fields.……

  13. Fjve Ways to Revive Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Construction of development zones along the Liaoning Province coastline could be the next big attraction for multinational investors Though the infrastructure is still under construction, Li Wancai, Vice Governor of Liaoning Province, is highly confident about the future of

  14. Yihuang Opera of Jiangxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    JIANGXI Province hosts many mountains and rivers. Wherever you stroll on the winding mountain passes or sail along rivers, you will hear a kind of local opera similar to the sounds of Beijing opera. That is Yihuang opera. In fact, Jiangxi is considered a birth-place of Chinese opera. Opera was at its

  15. "Yang Bai-lao" piano accompaniment in the opera "white-haired girl"%论歌剧《白毛女》唱段《杨白劳》的钢琴伴奏演绎

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋艳

    2015-01-01

    《白毛女》是诞生于新中国成立后我国第一部歌剧作品,具有十分珍贵的艺术价值,它的创作涵盖了多种民族民间音乐形式,展现出鲜明的民族化特点。黎英海以钢琴为伴奏乐器所改编的唱段《杨白劳》深入民心,其钢琴伴奏部分更是发挥着情景交融的重要作用。本文阐述了歌剧《白毛女》的作品风貌,在了解黎英海音乐创作风格的基础上,对其改编的唱段《杨白劳》钢琴伴奏处理进行研究,将钢琴与声乐、剧情相结合,达到恰当运用钢琴配合声乐,延展剧情的学术目的。%"The white-haired girl" is after the founding of new China's first opera works, has the extremely precious artistic value, its creation covers a variety of ethnic folk music form, show a distinct national characteristics. Li Ying adapted by sea for piano accompaniment instrument aria "Yang Bai-lao sink in the piano part but also the important role of play a scene. This paper expounds the work style of the opera "white-haired girl", in understanding Li Ying sea music style, on the basis of the adaptation of the aria Yang Bai-lao piano accompaniment processing is studied, combining the piano and vocal music, drama, achieve proper use piano with vocal music, extending the academic purpose of plot.

  16. Hometown·Ecology·Literature---On Bai Zhongde′s Prose%家园·生态·文学--论白忠德的散文创作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋宁刚

    2015-01-01

    白忠德的散文创作,从自己的故乡开始,至今都紧紧围绕地理、情感、文学三重意义上的故乡和家园,《摘朵迎春花送你》《回望农民》《佛坪等你来》等散文集无不如此。他最新的两部散文集《斯世佛坪》和《我的秦岭邻居》,前者从情感上仍是“走不出这片土地”的延续,后者则在延续的同时进入“生态散文”这一新的领域。不过,其中也潜藏着需要注意的危险。无论如何,散文作为一种文学体裁,不能以某种类型来自我限制,而应当立足于文学,关注属于文学性本身的那些要素,尤其是微妙的细节,这是包括白忠德在内的所有写作者都应首先了然的。%Bai Zhongde′s prose, such as Picking Up A Winter Jasmine For You, Reflecting on Peasants, Foping Waiting for You, is closely related to his hometown from the perspective of goepraphy,emotion and literarture. His latest prose are Foping Memory and My Qinling Neighbour. The former is the emotional continuation of ″belonging to this land″ while the latter enters a new area of ″ecological prose″with that continuation. However, there is somehting to notice. Prose, as a literary genre, can not limit it′s development by a certain genre but should focus on elements of literature itself, especially on subtle details, which all writers should learn about at first, including Bai Zhongde.

  17. On Personality Colors of LI Bai and DU Fu from the Non-equivalences in their Friendship%从李白、杜甫的不对等友谊分析其性格色彩

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余成玖

    2012-01-01

    李白和杜甫是大唐盛世中耀眼的双子星座,他们本都有着自然的红色性格。但后天迥异的际遇促使他们本来相同的红色性格色彩发生了偏离,从而造就了他们不对等的友谊关系。本文通过对两人友谊关系的解读,论证二人的性格色彩,并简要分析杜甫的压抑红色性格衍变的原因。%Li Bai and Du Fu is two of the brightest stars in Tang dynasty, they all were endowed with optimistic red character. But their life experience were different and changed their characters respectively, thus giving birth to their unequal friendship. Based on the friendship between them, interpretation was conducted to demonstrate their personality colors, and to give a brief analysis of Du Fu's character evolution which suppressed his red optimism.

  18. 试论白族本主信仰中的生态伦理思想%Analysis:Ecological Ethics in the Local Gods belief from Bai Ethic Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    饶峻姝; 李珍明

    2014-01-01

    Ecological ethics of the Local Gods belief among Bai ethnic group is the unique phenomenon of religion and culture and it has a very distinct characteristics and rich connotation of folk belief. The Local Gods belief contains rich ecological ethics thoughts deeply. Carding and studying its rational Ecological ethics and revealing the connection between the cultural existence and ecological protection provide important spiritual resources for the construction of the modern ecological ethics ,as well as practical wisdom and humanistic care for the consistent customs of the civil society and public spiritual settlement.%本主信仰是白族特有的一种宗教文化现象,是一种极具鲜明特色和丰富内涵的民族民间信仰。本主信仰中蕴含着丰富深刻的生态伦理思想,梳理和研究其中所含有的合理生态伦理思想,阐释文化生存与生态保护的内在关联,为生态伦理的现代建构提供重要的精神资源,也为民间社会的整齐风俗与民众的精神安顿提供实践智慧和人文关怀。

  19. Marijas Montesori pedagoģisko principu izmantošana sajūtu attīstībai trīs līdz četrus gadus veciem bērniem

    OpenAIRE

    Dzērve, Vita

    2012-01-01

    Tēma: Marijas Montesori pedagoģisko principu izmantošana sajūtu attīstībai trīs līdz četrus gadus veciem bērniem Kvalifikācijas darba autore: Vita Dzērve Kvalifikācijas darba vadītāja: lekt.,mag. paed., I. Šūmane Kvalifikācijas darba apjoms: 57 lpp.,16 attēli, 1 pielikums, 19 izmantoti literatūras avoti Pētījuma mērķis: izpētīt un praksē aprobēt M. Montesori pedagoģiskos principus trīs līdz četrus gadus veciem bērniem sajūtu attīstības veicināšanai. Darba pirmajā daļā ...

  20. 广西白裤瑶族40岁以上人群的血脂水平调查%Serum lipids levels in subjects aged 40 years and over in the Guangxi Bai Ku Yao population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李牡艳; 尹瑞兴; 潘尚领; 林伟雄; 杨德寨; 李树全

    2008-01-01

    目的 了解广西白裤瑶族40岁及以上人群的血脂水平. 方法 采用分层随机整群抽样方法对485例白裤瑶族40岁及以上人群的饮食摄入量、生活习惯等进行流行病学调查,对血压、身高、体质量、体质指数(BMI)、腰围、血脂及载脂蛋白(apo)进行测定,并将结果与501例当地的汉族人群进行比较. 结果 白裤瑶族的文化程度、身高、体质量、腰围、血压、高脂血症患病率以及总能量、总脂肪、总蛋白质、食物胆固醇和食盐的摄入量明显低于汉族(P0. 05). Conclusions There are significant differences in lipids levels and the risk factors between Bai Ku Yao and Han populations, which might result from different dietary habits, life styles, and physical activities.

  1. Paņēmieni skolēnu angļu valodas vārdu krājuma attīstībai 2. klasē

    OpenAIRE

    Tarando, Jūlija

    2015-01-01

    Diplomdarba „Paņēmieni skolēnu angļu valodas vārdu krājuma attīstībai 2. klasē” mērķis bija noskaidrot, kā angļu valoda vārdu krājuma attīstības paņēmieni palīdz pilnveidot skolēnu vārdu krājumu otrajā klasē. Literatūras teorētiskais apskats un 11 skolēnu atsevišķa gadījuma pētījums ar tādām datu vākšanas metodēm kā testi, aptauja un novērošana parādīja, ka gados jauniem skolēniem patīk mācīties jaunus vārdus ar attēliem, zīmējumiem un video, dzeju un dziesmām, pantomīmu, bet tādas tehnika...

  2. Comparison of Body Mass Index (BMI, Body Adiposity Index (BAI, Waist Circumference (WC, Waist-To-Hip Ratio (WHR and Waist-To-Height Ratio (WHtR as predictors of cardiovascular disease risk factors in an adult population in Singapore.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin Chih Chiang Lam

    Full Text Available Excess adiposity is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia. Amongst the various measures of adiposity, the best one to help predict these risk factors remains contentious. A novel index of adiposity, the Body Adiposity Index (BAI was proposed in 2011, and has not been extensively studied in all populations. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to compare the relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI, Waist Circumference (WC, Waist-to-Hip Ratio (WHR, Waist-to-Height Ratio (WHtR, Body Adiposity Index (BAI and CVD risk factors in the local adult population.This is a cross sectional study involving 1,891 subjects (Chinese 59.1% Malay 22.2%, Indian 18.7%, aged 21-74 years, based on an employee health screening (2012 undertaken at a hospital in Singapore. Anthropometric indices and CVD risk factor variables were measured, and Spearman correlation, Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC curves and multiple logistic regressions were used. BAI consistently had the lower correlation, area under ROC and odd ratio values when compared with BMI, WC and WHtR, although differences were often small with overlapping 95% confidence intervals. After adjusting for BMI, BAI did not further increase the odds of CVD risk factors, unlike WC and WHtR (for all except hypertension and low high density lipoprotein cholesterol. When subjects with the various CVD risk factors were grouped according to established cut-offs, a BMI of ≥23.0 kg/m2 and/or WHtR ≥0.5 identified the highest proportion for all the CVD risk factors in both genders, even higher than a combination of BMI and WC.BAI may function as a measure of overall adiposity but it is unlikely to be better than BMI. A combination of BMI and WHtR could have the best clinical utility in identifying patients with CVD risk factors in an adult population in Singapore.

  3. Qualitative and quantitative determination of gallic acid in tibetan Zhi Tuo Jie Bai Wan%藏药智托洁白丸中没食子酸的定性与定量检测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仇朝红; 魏玉海; 李文渊

    2012-01-01

    目的:建立智托洁白丸处方中没食子酸定性与定量测定方法.方法:定性测定采用薄层色谱法.定量测定采用高效液相色谱法,色谱柱为Sunfire-ODS C18柱(250 mm,4.6 mm),柱温30 ℃,以乙腈-含体积分数0.1%三乙胺的体积分数0.1%磷酸溶液(体积比397) 为流动相;检测波长为273 nm,理论板数按没食子酸峰计算不低于3 000.结果:薄层色谱图中,供试品、对照药材和对照品在相应位置上显相同颜色的斑点,阴性对照无干扰.定量检测时,没食子酸进样量在0.015 7~0.283 0 μg范围内线性关系良好,标准曲线为Y=4×107X+6 532(R2=0.999 8);方法的精密度和重现性均良好(RSD分别为0.05%,1.43%),12 h内的稳定性良好(RSD=0.65%);平均回收率为98.07%,RSD=0.76%.9批样品中没食子酸平均含量为8.8 mg/g.结论:所建立的薄层色谱定性检测方法和高效液相色谱定量检测方法可用于智托洁白丸中没食子酸的定性鉴别和定量控制.%To establish the qualitative and quantitative determination methods of gallic acid in Zhi Tuo Jie Bai Wan. Methods: Thin layer chromatography( TLC ) and high performance liquid chromatography( HPLC ) were established for the qualitative and quantitative determination of gallic acid. HPLC: Sunfire-ODS C18 column( 250 mm,4. 6 mm ), column temperature was 30 t , a mixture of 3 volumes of acetonitrile and 97 volumes of 0. 1% phosphoric acid which contained 0. 1% TEA was as the mobile phase,the detection wavelength was 273 nm,the number of theoretical plates of gallic acid peak should be no less than 3 000. Results: The spot in TLC of the test sample was similar in position and colour to those of the reference substance and control medicinal substances, and negative control had non-interference. For HPLC, the standard line was 7 = 4×l07X + 6 532( R2 =0.999 8 ),the range was 0.015 7 -0.283 0 μg,the precision and stability in 12 h were good ( RSD =0. 05% ,0. 65% ) ,and the average recovery was 98

  4. Comparative research between Bai-hua Qian-hu, a Chinese traditional plant, and its active ingredient on nuclear factor-κB and tumor necrosisfactor-α in isolated ischemia-reperfusion heart of rat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王弛; 常天辉

    2004-01-01

    @@Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is a complicated pathophysiological process, which is involved in calcium overload, free radical production, metabolic abnormalities, and inflammatory reaction. With the development of modern molecular biology, the expression and regulation of gene in myocardial I/R injury are focused on NF-κB.1Inflammatory reactions play an important role in I/R injury.2 TNF-α, an important inflammatory cytokine, is regulated by NF-κB and counteracts the activation of NF-κB. Sometimes, improper activation of NF-κB can induce excessive inflammatory responses and injury, so, modulation of NF-κB activation may dedicate a new target in alleviation of myocardial I/R injury.3Our previous studies have proved that Bai-hua Qian-hu (Peucedanum praeruptorum Dunn, BQ), a Chinese traditional plant had cardioprotective action in I/R animals.4 Its active ingredient Pd-Ia, a Ca2+-influx blocker5 and K+-channel opener,6 had similar effects. Meanwhile, it relieved inflammatory reaction and apoptosis in I/R myocardium through inhibition of interleukin-6 and Fas, bax, bcl-2 protein expression.7 However, the effects of BQ and Pd-Ia on the activation of NF-κB and the expression of TNF-α in I/R myocardium have not been clear yet. In this study, the effects of BQ and Pd-Ia on these two factors were investigated to further ascertain the molecular protective mechanism of BQ in I/R myocardium.

  5. A Flower of Nihilism in Multiple Paradoxes-A Review of Bai Yue’s Prose Poetry AnthologyNaivete%悖论中的虚无之花--评白月的散文诗集《天真》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙丽君

    2016-01-01

    in the face of the real world which is torn and sutured, Bai Yue discusses “existence” in a way of paradox, and tries bringing“dipolar” things into the architecture of “unity of opposites” in a "naive" attitude. The prose poetry anthology Naivete reveals the living plight of modern people with the paradox of birth and death, life and choice, among which, the interconversion of birth and death, the alienation of human beings, the noneffective choice and the dramatic life reveal the absurdity and nothingness of existence effectively. In a sense, Naivete is a lfower of nihilism in multiple paradoxes.%面对现实世界的撕裂与弥合,白月以悖论的方式展开了对存在问题的探讨,并以一种“天真”的姿态试图将处于两极的事物纳入到对立统一的架构之中。散文诗集《天真》以生死、人生以及选择的悖论揭示了现代人的生存困境,其中,生与死的互化、人自身的异化、选择的无效性以及戏剧化的人生都有力地渲染了存在的荒诞性与虚无性,从某种意义上而言,散文诗《天真》是一朵多重悖论中的虚无之花。

  6. 一旦新妆抛旧样--白居易《时世妆》的观察%Changes of Women’s Fashion in Tang Dynasty--A Study of Bai Juyi’s“PopularToilette”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严纪华

    2015-01-01

    Expressing with passion and desires, poetry, the cultural essence of the Tang dynasty, reserves the genuine records of the lives and contexts of the period. This study evaluates the poems of which the theme are women's fashion, such as"PopularToilette"by Bai Juyi and other related poems collected in "TheCom⁃pletePoetryCollectionofTangDynasty"from two aspects. One is the development of New Yuefu style. The oth⁃er is the reflection of women’s life and their dress code, hair fashion, and facial decoration with reference to the painting of Tang's ladies. Through the analysis, the author draws a conclusion that the image of the society and customs in the era of Tang as well as the tolerance regarding the foreign culture affecting the women's fashion and their aesthetic tastes can be explored.%诗是唐代文学的瑰宝。在诗语中,抒唱着热情与愿望,为唐时的生活轨迹与所生存的环境留下了真实的记录。在这个基点上,以白居易《时世妆》为主,参照妇容图影以及清编御订《全唐诗》相关的时世妆容诗,分由其诗体新乐府的语汇以及其妆容诗语中所描绘的妇女造形、所反映的审美风潮、时世历史的借鉴,考察其作为华风胡化交融迭错的载体、珍贵的社会文化史料的记录,是如何具体而微地见证了其所置身的时代与社会。

  7. 参苓白术散加味治疗肺癌骨转移的临床研究%Clinical Study on Analgesic Effect of Shen-ling-bai-zhu Powder on Pain in Bone Metastasis of Lung Cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丰哲; 练克俭; 林宗汉; 李书振; 陈涛; 程琦

    2013-01-01

    目的:观察参苓白术散加味治疗肺癌骨转移的疗效。方法:将128例本病患者随机分为治疗组和对照组各64例。治疗组采用参苓白术散加味治疗,对照组采用帕米膦酸二钠、塞来西布结合支持疗法治疗。观察比较两组患者镇痛效果、生存质量、生存期。结果:治疗组脱落5例,对照组脱落8例;综合疗效总有效率治疗组为66.1%,对照组为44.6%,治疗组优于对照组(P<0.05);止痛效果总有效率治疗组为71.2%,对照组为42.9%,治疗组优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);生活质量的改善对照组提高率为28.6%,治疗组提高率为59.3%,治疗组优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);两组治疗前后体重变化、两组生存期比较,差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05);治疗组治疗后白细胞计数优于对照组(P<0.05);并能显著改善恶心呕吐、便秘(P<0.01)。结论:参苓白术散加味能较好地缓解肺癌骨转移疼痛,提高生存质量,而且未见明显毒副作用。%Objective: To observe the analgesic effect on pain by Shen-ling-bai-zhu powder in bone metastasis of lung cancer. Methods: 128 patients were randomly divided into treatment and control groups, 64 cases in each group. Patients were treated with Shen-ling-bai-zhu powder, and pamidronate disodium and celecoxib, combined with support therapy in control group. The analgesic effect, quality of life, survival rate was observed. Results: The displacement was 5 and 8 cases respec-tively in treatment and control group; The total comprehensive effective rate was 66.1% and 44.6% respectively in treatment and control group, the effect of treatment group was significantly better than the control group (P<0.05); The comprehensive ef-fective rate of analgesic was 71.2% and 42.9% respectively in treatment and control group, the effect of treatment group was significantly better than the

  8. A Dreamer with Courage to Practice: Portrait of BAI YUANSHAO,Coach of Chinese Men's Gymnastics Team%勇于实践的逐梦者——记中国男子体操队教练员白远韶

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纪粤

    2012-01-01

    2008年北京奥运会上,我国体操小将邹凯一战成名,勇夺男子团体、单杠、自由体操3枚金牌。赛后,当记者问他最想感谢谁时,邹凯脱口而出“白指导”。邹凯口中的白指导就是教练员白远韶,他从10岁开始接触体操,尽管从未进入过专业运动队,但这样一位“外行”却培养出了奥运冠军郑李辉、“吊环王”董震、世锦赛冠军张津京等一批优秀体操运动员。%Bai Yuan-shao, coach of Chinese men's gymnastics team,although he has never been a member of a professional team, it is he as a layperson who has trained a squad of elite gymnasts such as Olympic champion Zheng Lihui,and so on. Bai Yuan-shao came all the way to Beijing in 1980 with a dream of being an elite gymnastics coach, and in 1989 he was formally admitted as coach of Chinese men's gymnastics team, In his coaching career of more than twenty years, Bai Yuan-shao has experienced the joy of win as well as the pain of loss. When he was asked about his complex of gymnastics, he answered in modesty, "it is just a kind of love".

  9. Geologic Provinces of the Arctic, 2000 (prvarcst)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This coverage includes arcs, polygons and polygon labels that describe Arctic portion of the U.S. Geological Survey defined geologic provinces of the World in 2000.

  10. Ectomycorrhizal Fungi in Jiangsu Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIAN Bin; DONG Yuan-Rong; HOU Wei-Guo; TONG Li-Hua; YUAN Sheng

    2007-01-01

    A survey was conducted for about 3 years to study the abundance and diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungi (EMF) in Jiangsu Province, China. The identification of the fungal species was based on the microscopic and macroscopic characteristics of their fruiting bodies. About 126 species of EMF were found in Jiangsu Province. These fungi were largely categorized into three orders (of 121 species), four families (of 96 species), and six genera (of about 86 species).

  11. Study on Banana Cooperatives in Hainan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Huang, Huide; ZHANG, Wanzhen; Liu, Enping; ZHANG, Xizhu

    2013-01-01

    This paper gives an overview of the distribution, member scale, production and operation of banana cooperatives in Hainan Province, and points out the market risk and natural risk faced by the production of banana cooperatives in Hainan Province. In order to promote the banana cooperatives to form new agricultural management system integrating organization and intensification, this paper puts forth the production and operation recommendations, such as joint production of banana cooperatives, ...

  12. Economic Periodicity Analysis of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Zhaode; Yao Lili; Sun Jinfang; Yu Wei

    2008-01-01

    The paper analyses the periodical characteristics of the economic development of Shandong Province by using the mini-mum variation analysis model. The analysis shows that the eco-nomic development process of Shandong Province has short, medium and long cycles respectively for 6, 12, 19 years, and the fluctuation of the economic development becomes gentler with time passing by. The fluctuation of macro-control policy, invest-ment and consumption are the main reasons of the economic fluc-tuation.

  13. An ethnobotanical survey on hormozgan province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omid Safa

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The present study is based on an ethnobotanical research project conducted in Hormozgan province that is located in south of Iran, bordering waters of the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea. This survey was carried out in order to recover the ethnobotanical and ethnomedicinal knowledge of the residents of this province. They are using medicinal and functional plants for treating or preventing several diseases. Materials and Methods: Ethnobotanical data sheets were run with the native inhabitants and people of the province by arranging frequent field trips to different parts of the province and direct interviews with them especially those who were more familiar with the plants and their usage.Results: A total of 150 plant species belonging to 53 families were recorded for their ethnobotanical and ethnomedicinal uses among the people of province. The records were developed by scientific names, family names, local names, medicinal parts used, different ways of their application, and traditional uses of the plants. There was high compliance in the use of plants in painful disorders, gastrointestinal, and dermatological diseases.Conclusion: This study revealed that the people of Hormozgan province have a rich knowledge of natural resources. The use and consumption of medicinal plants are still important parts of their life. Rational use of native medicinal plants may benefit and improve their living standards and quality of life. The results of this study can be used as a basis for selecting herbs for further pharmacological, phytochemical, and pharmacognostical studies.

  14. Intestinal acariasis in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chao-Pin Li; Jian Wang

    2000-01-01

    The mites found in stored food and house comprise a large group of subclass Acari, belonging to the suborder Acardida of the order Acarifornes. They can be found in dust and vacuum samples from floors, furniture, mattresses, Chinese herbal medicine, dry fruit, grain, flour, sugar, and bedding. These mites are nidicolous and feed on organic debris, including sloughed human skin, fungi, spilled food, pollen, etc. These mites are particularly prevalent in Chinese herbal medicine, dry fruit, grain, flour, sugar, beds, though carpeted floors near beds or couches may also have large numbers. The most common species are Acarus siro, Tyrophagus putrescentiae , Dermatophagoides farinae , D . pteronyssinus, Glycyphagus domesticus, G. Ornatus, Carpoglyphus lactis and Tarsonemus granarius, etc. The viability of mites in storage is quite strong and they can invade and parasitize the intestines of humans[1 -15]. They can cause pulmonary acariasis[16-25] , urinary acariasis[26-33] and so on. The dejecta of mites is a quite strong allergen and can cause different allergic diseases[34-44]. Intestinal acariasis can be caused by some mites related to the way of diet intake and invading against intestinal mucosa, intestinal muscle[45-5a]. The first report of intestinal acariasis caused by these mites was made by Hinman et al (1934)[45]. From then on, all kinds of studies on the disease have been reported gradually. In order to make an epidemiological survey of intestinal acariasis the investigation of the disease was taken in some areas of Anhui Province from 1989 to 1996.

  15. Thematic cartography in Tigrai Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marini, A.; Melis, Maria T.

    1994-12-01

    Tigre Province is in northern Ethiopia between Eritrea on the north and east, and Begemdir and Wollo on the south. The area is comprised of five main physiographic units: Danakil Depression, Escarpment, Tigre and Eritrea Plateau, Semien Mountains and the Western Lowlands. The first two drain into the closed drainage basin of Dallol whilst the other three drain into the Nilo Through the Tezeke, Mareb and Barka River. Three main rock complexes build up the prospect area. The metamorphic and intrusive rocks of the Precambrian basement, the Paleozoic-Mesozoic Sediments and Tertiary Trap Volcanics, and the Young Sedimentary and Volcanic Rocks of the Danakil Depression. The only existing geological data on this area is represented by maps assembled from different sources on very large scale. Thanks to interactive computer processing, it is becoming possible to trace, on the relief as it appears on the display unit, lithological boundaries and the faults which affect them, measuring each of their geometric characteristics. Image processing coupled with pattern recognition programs has made it possible to take into consideration landscape units combining morphological, botanical and geological signatures, and more generally to quantify the morphological elements. Satellite images (Landsat TM and Spot XS) have been processed to produce thematic maps.

  16. A Love-pattern Disclose the Author's Idea and Theme——A Interpret for Bai Xianyong's Short Love Stories%从爱情模式看作者思想与作品主题——对白先勇短篇小说爱情叙事的一种解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雨童

    2011-01-01

    A love-pattern can be refined from Bai Xianyong's short love stories,that is: fall in love——lose——ruin.Through analyzing every link respectively and hold the love-pattern entirely,this article tries to reach a conclusion: the most important theme in Bai Xianyong's short love stories is exhibiting and commending the human nuture of aspiring after love and beauty.%从白先勇以爱情为叙事主线的短篇小说中可提炼出一个基本的爱情模式:爱上———失去———毁灭。本文通过对这三个环节的分析和对爱情模式的整体把握得出结论:表现人性对爱与美的执着追求是白先勇爱情叙事中更为重要的主题,也是作者礼赞的感情观。

  17. An Analysis of the Theme of Li Bai's Shu dao nan%李白《蜀道难》历代主题说平议--兼论李白与《文选》赋的关系及其“以赋为诗”的艺术特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冷卫国

    2014-01-01

    Shu dao nan ,one of Li Bai's masterpieces ,is one of famous pieces among the Tang Poems . So far there have been six different interpretations of its theme .This paper discussed the different explana-tions from Tang through Qing dynasties until today ,and explored the relationship between Li Bai's Shu dao nan and Zuo Si's Shu du fu ,and pointed out that to write Poemas Fu is an obvious characteristic in Shu dao nan .%《蜀道难》是唐诗中的名篇,也是李白歌行的代表作。自其产生以来,历唐、宋、元、明、清直至今天,对其主旨的阐释莫衷一是。在系统地梳理历代主题说的基础上,可以看出李白《蜀道难》与左思《蜀都赋》之间的关系和其“以赋为诗”的创作特征。

  18. Infant feeding practices in Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Truong, S A; Ngo, T T; Knodel, J; Le, H; Tran, T T

    1995-12-01

    Data from the 1988 Vietnam Demographic and Health Survey and the 1994 Demographic Survey are used to determine the trends in breast feeding and amenorrhea among ever married women of reproductive age. Life table procedures are used to calculate monthly probabilities of weaning. Then five month moving averages of equal weight are computed for observed monthly probabilities of weaning. The smoothed probabilities are used to calculate the cumulative proportion weaned at successive monthly ages. Breast feeding is universal in Vietnam. Infants are put to the breast earlier when delivery occurs at home. Almost all children are breast fed through the first six months, and 80% are breast fed for a year. The median duration was 15.3 months in the 1988 survey and 15.9 months in the 1994 survey based on life table methods. Calculations based on current status methods were slightly higher for both years. Rural women tended to breast feed longer than urban women. Children who had mothers working in agriculture were breast fed longer than children whose mothers had other occupations. Socioeconomic factors did not correlate well with breast feeding duration. Findings indicate that over 66% of breast fed infants aged under 3 months were given plain water, and over 90% of infants aged 3-5 months were given plain water. Fresh cow's milk is not given to Vietnamese infants. Juices were given to children aged older than 6 months. Sugar water was given to younger infants. The introduction of supplemental liquids was more common in urban areas. Few infants during the first few months of life were given solid or mushy foods. But by 4 months of age, 50% of infants were given solid or mushy foods, and the practice was more common in rural areas. The urban-rural gap closed by 6 months of age. Over 90% of infants received solids at 9 months. It is expected that modernization will negatively impact on breast feeding.

  19. SAN BAI JIU KOU- A PILGRIMAGE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUSANTRIMBLE

    2003-01-01

    Over many dynasties the reigning emperor continued to make a pilgrimage to Jietal Temple and make sacrifices to the gods to save the land from They always teek the same path laid out by the silver meon. Eventually the path became ene of beautifully smeoth stones Wildllewers perfumed the air and leafy trees previded shade.

  20. Epidemiology of Ectopic Pregnancy in Hamadan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Shobeiri

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: The blastocyst implantation in any place other than uterus cavity endometrium is called ectopic pregnancy. The prevalence of ectopic pregnancy is different in various countries. This study has been conducted to investigate the epidemiology of ectopic pregnancy in Hamadan province during 2000-2010.Materials and Methods: The present study is a retrospective descriptive study. The data on 872 ectopic pregnancies were extracted by questionnaires from the files in the records department of hospitals and delivery centers in Hamadan province during 2000-2010. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the obtained data were analyzed using SPSS-16 software.Results: The frequency of ectopic pregnancy in Hamadan province during 2000-2010 was averagely 2.6 per 1000 pregnancies. Tubal pregnancy with 95.2% is the most prevalent type of ectopic pregnancy most of which had occurred in the right tube (52.4%. Most ectopic pregnancies (52.2% were in the age group of 25-34.Conclusion: The prevalence of ectopic pregnancy in Hamadan province during the mentioned years has been 2.6 in 1000 pregnancies, which is lower compared to many existing data. However, the prevalence of ectopic pregnancy in this province has increased over time, so that it has become 3.3 times as much from 2000-2010.

  1. Study on Banana Cooperatives in Hainan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huide; HUANG; Wanzhen; ZHANG; Enping; LIU; Xizhu; ZHANG

    2013-01-01

    This paper gives an overview of the distribution,member scale,production and operation of banana cooperatives in Hainan Province,and points out the market risk and natural risk faced by the production of banana cooperatives in Hainan Province. In order to promote the banana cooperatives to form new agricultural management system integrating organization and intensification,this paper puts forth the production and operation recommendations,such as joint production of banana cooperatives,timely planting of banana,brand management,and improvement of production and operation technical level.

  2. POLISH-RUSSIAN COOPERATION OF POMORSKIE PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina GOMULKA

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Polish-Russian Cooperation of Pomorskie Province commenced in 1999 and was based on the intergovernmental agreements. The new agreement, executed between the authorities of the Pomeranian Province and Kaliningrad Oblast in 2002, provided for cooperation in many areas. The contacts between the partners were dominated by economic cooperation. The Polish–Russian cooperation stopped with Polish accession to the Schengen zone. Cooperation resumed when in 2011 and agreement on small cross-border traffic was signed and then ratified in 2012. 

  3. [Terrestrial gastropods from Misiones Province, Argentina].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gregoric, Diego Eduardo Gutiérrez; Núñez, Verónica; Vogler, Roberto Eugenio; Beltramino, Ariel Aníbal; Rumi, Alejandra

    2013-12-01

    The Atlantic Forest represents one of the global priority eco-regions for biodiversity conservation. In Argentina, this is represented by the Paranense Forest, which occupies much of the Misiones Province. In this paper, an updated list of land mollusks from Misiones Province is presented, and its species richness was evaluated comparing protected and unprotected areas. For this, we reviewed La Plata Museum Mollusk Collection, updated the literature review, and developed some field work between 2009 and 2010. For the areographic work, a grid (50 x 50 km) was applied to a Misiones province map. In this region, large areas of native vegetation constituting the Paranaense Forest still persist, and include protected areas such as the Iguazú National Park and Puerto Peninsula Provincial Park. These areas have been the most explored at the malacological level (both terrestrial and aquatic environments), a fact that is consistent with the greater number of records found, which may also be the explanation for the highest number of species recorded in the region. A database containing 497 records was compiled. The number of species occurring in this Province was increased from 28 to 56; 11 of which were exotic species. A total of 38 of the species occurred in protected areas and 53 in unprotected areas; and 25 species were micro-mollusks. Orthalicidae was the family with the highest species number (10) and the widest distribution, occupying 16/20 sampling units. Megalobulimus was the genus found in a greater number of sampling units (14/20). The highest values of specific richness of land gastropods were found in Northern Misiones (R=32). This richness was similar to that previously reported for the Tucumán Province, although species occurring in both provinces were mostly different. The richness in Misiones Province border areas, as the Republic of Paraguay and the state of Santa Catarina (Brazil), was about twice that found in the province. The present study showed the

  4. Geologic Provinces of the Caribbean Region, 2004 (prv6bg)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This dataset includes a modified subset of polygon features that describe U.S. Geological Survey's defined geologic provinces of the World. Each province has a set...

  5. The correlation study of Y-STR and Y-SNP in Yunnan Bai population%云南白族群体Y-STR及Y-SNP关联性探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄玉静; 王健康; 陈燕祥; 李景; 李貌; 何玮; 曾发明; 程宝文

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the correlation of Y-STR and Y-SNP and their application in forensic science. Methods 17 Y-STR loci and 6 Y-SNPs were typed in a sample of 146 unrelated males from Yunnan Bai population using Y-filer amplification system and reference primers respectively. Results ①A total of 114 haplotypes were observed in the 146 individuals studied, of which 93 were observed only in one individual. ② The frequency distribution of 6 Y-SNPs was range from 4. 1% to 47.3% , and haplogroup O3-M122 shown in the higest frequencies, accounting for 47. 3%. ③Combined analysis of these two types of genetic markers shown that 5 of 21 haplotypes found in two or more individuals had different typed in Y-SNP, and 8 of 29 differing only in a locus had different Y-SNP typed. Some differences in the alleles distributions of Y-STR loci between different Y-SNP haplogroups could be found. Conclusion Males who share an identical or close Y-STR haplotype can differ in their Y-SNP typing, and it will be useful in ascertaining the male criminals through paternal lineage by analysis of these two types of markers together.%目的 探讨Y-STR与Y-SNP单倍群间的关联性及其法医学应用价值.方法 用Y-filer的17个Y-STR基因座及6个Y-SNPs(M122、M95、M9、M130、M119和M45)对云南白族146名无关男性个体样本进行检测.结果 ①17个Y-STR基因座构成的单倍型在146名男性个体中共检出114种单倍型,其中93种仅出现于一名个体中.②6个Y-SNPs在白族中的频率为4.1% ~47.3%,其中O3-M122频率最高,占47.3%.③综合两类遗传标记结果,出现于2名或2名以上个体的21种Y-STR单倍型中,有5种其Y-SNP不同;分别只有一个Y-STR基因座分型不同的29对单倍型中,有8对其Y-SNP分别不同.Y-SNP单倍群间部分Y-STR基因座等位基因频率分布存在一定差异.结论 Y-STR单倍型相同或相近的个体间其Y-SNP分型可不相同,结合两者进行检测分析对于男性嫌疑人家系排查具有重要意义.

  6. 自制槿柏洗剂治疗头皮脂溢性皮炎的研究%Study on treatment of seborrheic dermatitis of scalp by homemade Jin Bai Lotion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付蓉; 李元文; 周志强; 张丰川; 赵凤珠

    2015-01-01

    Objective It is to observe the clinical curative effect of homemade Jin Bai lotion ( JBL) in treatment of sebor-rheic dermatitis of scalp ( SDS) .Methods 210 patients with SDS by clinical diagnosis were selected and randomly divided into experimental group with 106 cases and control group with 104 cases.The patients were treated with JBL in the experimental group and 2%Ketoconazole Lotion in the control group.The symptom score before the treatment and after 2 weeks, 4 weeks of treatment were evaluated, and the clinical curative effect were observed.Results The symptom scores of erythema, scales, itching, seborrhea and skin lesions after treatment for 2 weeks and 4 weeks were markedly improved than before treatment in the both groups ( all P<0.05) , and the improvement in the experimental group were significantly better than that in the con-trol group (all P<0.05).The total effective rates of symptom improvement for erythema, scales, itching, seborrhea and skin lesions after treatment for 2 weeks and 4 weeks in the experimental group were markedly higher than those in the control group ( all P<0.05).The comprehensive effect rate of the experimental group were significantly higher than that of the control group (P<0.05).There were no serious adverse reactions in the both groups.Conclusion JBL is a topical Chinese medicine prep-aration for treating SDS with higher effect and safety, so it is worthy of further clinical application.%目的:观察槿柏洗剂治疗头皮脂溢性皮炎的临床疗效。方法将头皮脂溢性皮炎患者随机分为试验组和对照组,试验组使用自制槿柏洗剂治疗,对照组使用2%酮康唑洗剂治疗。观察2组治疗前及治疗2周、4周时的症状积分及临床疗效。结果2组治疗2周、4周时红斑、脂溢、鳞屑、瘙痒及皮损面积症状评分均较治疗前明显改善(P均<0.05),且试验组改善情况明显优于对照组(P均<0.05);治疗2周、4周时试验组红斑

  7. Comprehensive Evaluation of Circular Economic Development in North Anhui Province

    OpenAIRE

    Hu, Shuheng; Zhang, Simei; Chen, Guangzhou; Xu, Min

    2009-01-01

    In view of the characteristics of north Anhui Province, an index system was constructed for evaluating the development level of circular economy according to relevant principles, Principal Component Analysis and Analytic Hierarchy Process were adopted to evaluate the circular economic development in north Anhui Province, and corresponding measures were put forward to promote the circular economy in north Anhui Province.

  8. USMC Rethinking Coin in Helmand Province Afghanistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    2010 and the introduction of the United States Marines and their brand of counter insurgency (COIN) did the people of Helmand province fully embrace the...incapable of operating a shadow government. They encountered a society in upheaval with cultural baggage attached to century old battles at Maiwand

  9. Human rabies in Zhejiang Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiangping Ren

    2015-09-01

    Conclusions: The majority of rabies cases occurred among 40–65-year-old male residents of northern, mid-west, and southeast Zhejiang Province. Further health education is needed to increase the coverage of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP in people exposed to possible rabid animals and rabies vaccine use in household animals.

  10. Nontyphoidal Salmonella Infection, Guangdong Province, China, 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Xi; Huang, Qiong; Dun, Zhongjun; Huang, Wei; Wu, Shuyu; Liang, Junhua; Deng, Xiaoling; Zhang, Yonghui

    2016-04-01

    We used active and passive surveillance to estimate nontyphoidal Salmonella (NTS) infection during 2012 in Guangdong Province, China. Under passive surveillance, for every reported NTS infection, an estimated 414.8 cases occurred annually. Under active surveillance, an estimated 35.8 cases occurred. Active surveillance provides remarkable advantages in incidence estimate.

  11. Two Mysteries of Nature in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1992-01-01

    JUST to the north of Shenyang,the capital of Liaoning Province,motorists along the Harbin-Dalian highway will encounter apeculiar slope khat is much easier to ascend than to descend.Theslope,approximately 90 meters long and 15 meters wide,slants abouttwo degrees toward the west.

  12. Investigation on Atmospheric Corrosiveness in Hainan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    According to the results of four-year exposure tests for carbon steel samples in Hainan province, the influences of meteorological factors and Cl- on atmospheric corrosion were investigated. The feature of atmospheric corrosion in this area was summarized. A corrosive map for the area was drawn. The corrosion products on carbon steel at some typical places were analyzed by XRD and XPS.

  13. Metallogenetic and geochemical provinces : book review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schuiling, R.D.

    1975-01-01

    In November 1972 a symposium on metallogenetic and geochemical provinces was organized in Leoben by Prof. W.E. Petrascheck; the proceedings of this symposium have now appeared. The book is recommended to all those who want to combine their interest in economic geology with a somewhat wider outlook i

  14. Carves on the Missing Home Culture Gets the Real Taste of Life --Talk About the Linguistic Art of BAI Xian - yong's Novels%契刻文化乡愁 直取人生真味——白先勇小说语言艺术谈

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷相印

    2011-01-01

    The success of BAI Xian - yong' s novels goes to the Writers mastering the language skill. His language ugly aes- thetical and elegant style and complex beauty of style and character language highly personalized, reproduces the rise and fall process of the ruling class descendant of being driven out of the stage of history. His literary language carved on the mi- ssing home culture, giving us a strong sense of the rise and fall vicissitudes of the historical and personnel life; making the reader deeply appreciate the character destiny changes and geting the real taste of life. He won the praise of readers in his literary language means of creating fine novels. BAI Xian- yong' s novels language is in classical quality in the whole Chi- nese literature circles.%白先勇小说的成功,归功于作家驾驭语言的高超技巧。他以语言的丑陋和颓废之美、舒缓的文风、错综的语体美、人物语言高度的个性化,再现了被历史遗弃和赶下宝座的天潢贵胄及其不肖子孙的式微命运。他的文学语言,契刻着浓厚的文化乡愁,给人以强烈的历史兴衰感和人事沧桑感,使读者深深体味到人物命运的多舛,以直取人生真味。他以文学语言为魔棒创作的精品小说,赢得了读者的赞誉,在整个华语文学圈,白先勇小说的语言具有经典性质。

  15. 论白娘子形象的现代诠释——兼评李锐的《人间——重述白蛇传》%On Modern Interpretation on the Image of Bai Niang Zi——Comments on LI Rui's The World—Recount of The Story of White Snake

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗兴萍

    2011-01-01

    美丽温柔,勇敢追求爱情自由的白娘子是家喻户晓民间传说白蛇传的核心形象。李锐在《人间》中把这一形象重新塑造为,对人类和自然界中一切生灵具有博大爱心,为实现自己理想坚韧不拔的奋斗者形象。李锐通过白娘子形象的现代诠释,开掘了"白蛇传"故事的思想深度,为当代文学如何利用民间文化资源提供了新的经验。%Bai Niang Zi is a lady in The Story of White Snake,a well-known folk legend;and her core image popular to every household is a beautiful and tender-hearted girl who pursues bravely freedom of love.LI Rui reconstructs this image in his book The World as an image of great love for all human beings and all creatures in the nature,and a hero who will struggle persistently to realize her ideal.Through the modern interpretation of Bai Niang Zi,LI has explored the depth of thought in The Story of White Snake,offering the new experience for the contemporary literature to make use of the folk cultural resources.

  16. The Agricultural Export Competitiveness and Independent Innovation in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guimin; WANG; Haixian; XIA

    2013-01-01

    Through the vertical and horizontal analysis of agricultural export data in Liaoning Province during the period 2006-2010,we can find that Liaoning Province has already a major exporter of agricultural products,but there is no significant increase in many indicators with great fluctuation or declining trend. Meanwhile,compared with other provinces,the competitive advantages of agricultural export in Liaoning Province are not obvious,lacking competitive potential. Analysis shows that it is a strenuous task for Liaoning Province to transform from a major exporter of agricultural products to strong export province; during the course,relying on independent innovation is the fundamental guarantee. Liaoning Province should rely on independent innovation,to create new agricultural varieties,lead the international standards of agricultural products,form the brand agriculture,and improve the agricultural industry chain.

  17. A Glance at Bohai Bay Oil Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao Shoubai

    1995-01-01

    @@ Chinese oil industry keeps on developing in 1994. The oil production of Bohai Bay Oil Province located in East China also keeps on growing. Geologically,the total area of Bohai Bay Basin is about 200 000 km2 and the main structural units are: Liaohe Depression, Huanghua Depression,Jizhong Depression, Linqing Depression, Jiyang Depression, Changwei Depression, Bozhong Depression,Chengning Uplift and Cangjing Uplift (see figure 1). Area of the main structural units is listed in following:

  18. JPRS Report, China, Work Reports: Northeast Provinces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    cultural market . [passage omitted] county and township People’s Congresses throughout the province. By conscientiously performing functions and III...nationalities," thus promoting the work concerning cultural market by deeply waging the antipornography minority nationalities. We actively promoted the...pornography" or enhance the mechanism of having leading personnel thoroughly, and further purify the cultural market . be responsible for the family planning

  19. US Local Government Delegation Visits Sichuan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chuan; You

    2015-01-01

    A 12-member US Local Government Delegationled by Wisconsin Lieutenant Governor Rebecca Kleefisch visited Sichuan Province December 11-13 at the invitation of the CPAFFC.Consisting of lieutenant governors,state legislators,mayors,government officials of cities and counties from eight states—Wisconsin,Washington,New York,Colorado,Illinois,Tennessee,Kansas and Missouri—the delegation was organized by the China-United States Exchange Foundation(CUSEF).Established in Hong Kong in 2008

  20. Curie surface of Borborema Province, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correa, Raphael T.; Vidotti, Roberta M.; Oksum, Erdinc

    2016-06-01

    The Curie surface interpreted from magnetic data through spatial frequency domain techniques is used to provide information on the thermal structure of Borborema Province. The Borborema Province is part of the neoproterozoic collision of an orogenic system situated between the São Francisco-Congo and São Luís-West Africa cratons, which formed the Gondwana Supercontinent. The Curie surface of Borborema Province varies from 18 to 59 km, which reveals the complexity in the crustal composition of the study area. The thermal structure shows different crustal blocks separated by the main shear zones, which corroborates the evolution model of allochthonous terranes. The Curie surface signature for the west portion of Pernambuco Shear Zone may indicate processes of mantle serpentinization, once the Curie isotherm is deeper than Mohorovic discontinuity. In this region, the amplitude of Bouguer anomaly decreases, which corroborates long wavelength anomaly observed in the magnetic anomaly. We interpreted this pattern as evidence of the Brasiliano-Pan-Africano's subduction/collision event. Earthquakes in the region are concentrated mainly in shallow Curie surface regions (less resistant crust) and in transition zones between warm and cold blocks. We calculated the horizontal gradient of the Curie depth to emphasize the signature of contact between the thermal blocks. These regions mark possible crustal discontinuities, and have high correlation with orogenic gold occurrence in the study area.

  1. Rodent consumption in Khon Kaen Province, Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suwannarong, Kanokwan; Chapman, Robert S

    2014-09-01

    Rodents are important reservoirs of rodent-borne infections worldwide, including Southeast Asia and Northeast Thailand (Isaan), where rodent consumption may be a source of rodent-borne diseases. The behavior of consuming rodents is related to a population's traditions, knowledge, cultural, and household contexts, among other factors. This cross-sectional survey was conducted in Khon Kaen Province, Thailand during November-December 2011. It aimed to elicit information about rodent consumption among residents of this province, and to identify factors associated with rodent consumption there. Multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that male gender, large family size, and use of rainwater as the main source of drinking water were positively associated with reported rodent consumption in this province, while having proper knowledge/attitudes towards animal-borne disease was negatively associated. These results provide evidence-base information for further studies, such as participatory ac- tion research, to further explore how people interact with rodents in different contexts. Further research is also needed to characterize risk of zoonotic diseases in relation to rodent consumption.

  2. Simulated water productivity in Gansu Province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhan, Jinyan; Sun, Zhongxiao; Wang, Zhan; Chen, Jiancheng; Li, Zhaohua

    Economic value of water and economic analysis of water use management in Gansu Province of China have attracted widespread public attention. With the socioeconomic development, research on water resources has become more important than before. In this study, we define "water productivity" as the changes of economic production outputs of sectoral activities in every cubic meter of water input, which is also the technical coefficient of water resource use in each sector. According to Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) framework, based on the Input-Output Table 2007 and water resources bulletin of Gansu Province, we introduced the water into the ORANI-G (A Generic Single-Country Computable General Equilibrium model) model through the nested constant elasticity of substitution (CES) production function to analyze the changes of economic productions caused by water supply changes. We then examined water productivity in different sectors. Empirical results showed that current water productivity is underestimated. Agricultural water productivity is lower than that of the secondary and tertiary industries, even although agricultural water use is the largest part of water use in Gansu Province, and therefore improving agricultural water productivity can greatly mitigate the water shortage. Simulation results indicate that industrial transformation and development of water-saving industries will also mitigate water scarcity. Moreover, sensitivity analysis shows that the empirical results are robust under different scenarios. The results also show that higher constant elasticity of substitution rate (CES) between water and other production factors will contribute to sustainable development.

  3. Empirical Analysis of the Vegetable Industry in Hebei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    We first introduce the status quo of the development of vegetable industry in Hebei Province,and then conduct empirical analysis of the development of vegetable industry in Hebei Province.Further,we analyze the development advantage of the vegetable industry in Hebei Province using SAI(Scale Advantage Indices) and SCA(Symmetric Comparative Advantage),drawing the conclusion that the vegetable industry in Hebei Province has much room for development;at the same time,we analyze the factors influencing vegetable consumption of residents in Hebei Province through the regression model,drawing the conclusion that the vegetable consumer price index is the main factor affecting the consumption.Finally we make recommendations for the development of vegetable industry in Hebei Province as follows:increasing financial input,promoting policy guarantee capacity;implementing brand strategy,promoting the competitiveness of products;improving the ecological environment,promoting industrialization of pollution-free vegetables.

  4. Study on Sustainable Development Capability of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ren Ziping; Luo Qishan; Wang Yanchun; Deng Hongbing; Zhao Jingzhu

    2005-01-01

    Based on the indicator system of Sustainable Development ( SD ), Shandong Province was selected as an example for assessment with AHP method and the standard year was 1978. The conclusion was that Shandong Province' s ability of SD was being strengthened step by step, and there were also some restrictive factors, and according to the basic conditions of Shandong Province, countermeasures and strategy of SD were put forward.

  5. CBERS-2B Monitored Forest Fires In Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rain.L

    2008-01-01

    @@ Several forest fires hit Yunnan Province,in the southwest of China from April 6 to 9.Two disastrous fires happened near Shangri-La County,Yunnan Province.According to the requirement of the Land and Surveying Department of Yunnan Province,the China Center for Resources Satellite Data & Application (CRESDA) provided satellite monitoring images to detect the events.The processed CBERS-2B images were delivered to the related departments for decision making and disaster relief.

  6. Evaluation of the Rural Human Settlement in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu Hong; Shen Meiyu; Chen Xiangxiang

    2012-01-01

    Taking Shandong Province as the research object, this paper uses the principal component analysis method to evaluate the status of the rural human settlement in Shandong Province. It establishes the evaluation index system of the rural residential environment in Shandong Province, including living environment, economy, infrastructure, public service facilities, and ecological environment, in total five comprehensive index, and 20 second~ ary indexes. Through measurement and sorting of rural human environment development level of Shandong Province in 2010, the 17 cities are divided into-excellent, good, ordinary, poor-four development areas and are analyzed based on the restriction factor in the development of the region.

  7. Assessing Hospital Disaster Preparedness of Bushehr province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakimeh Vahedparast

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: In disasters, large number of causalities rash into the hospitals in order to get health facilities. So, hospitals are the reference point for delivering the health services in all levels for helping to the most percent of injured people. Aim of study was to assess hospital disaster preparedness of Bushehr province. Maretial and Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study which has been done in all Bushehr province hospitals. In order to collect data, we used 210 questions checklist with 10 different aims each aim had consisted of 6 different domains (equipment, working stuff, physical space, structure, protocols and functional chart. The checklists were completed by direct observation and evaluation of equipment, programs and documents based on their domains with different people. Results: The hospital preparedness in traffic base was very poor with mean number of 19/04±16/10 evaluation of security education and management domain with mean number 35/29±26/52, 38/65±19/46, 36/36±24/05, respectively were poor. In logistics, workforce, communications, excused transportation and addition to the hospitals with the mean number of 53/26±26/31, 49/65±27/61, 45/53±18/29, 43/33±19/72, and 40/47±20/37 were estimated as average. The most number was belonged to the emergency with the mean number of 53/80±19/18. Conclusion: The Bushehr province hospitals have not enough preparation against unexpected disasters and cannot be a good supporter for disaster happening, and in the occasions of happenings so many serious problems will occur. It will be suggested that the hospital managers should pay more attention to the unexpected disasters.

  8. Colorectal cancer trends in Kerman province, the largest province in Iran, with forecasting until 2016.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roya, Nikbakht; Abbas, Bahrampour

    2013-01-01

    Colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancers. The aim of this study is determination its trends in Kerman province and individual cities separately until year 2016. This analytical and modeling study was based of cancer registry data of Kerman University of Medical Sciences, collected during 2001-2010. Among 20,351 cancer case, 792 were colorectal cancer cases in age group 18-93 years with a mean of 59.4 and standard deviation of 15.1. By applying time series and data trends, incidences were predicted until 2016 for the province and each city, with adjustment for population size. In colorectal cases, 413 (52%) were male, and 379 (48%) were female. The annual increasing rate in Kerman province overall was and can be expected to be 6%, and in the cities of the province Rafsanjan, Bardsir, Bam, Kerman, Baft, Sirjan, Jiroft, Kahnuj and Manujan had an increasing range from 5 to 14% by the year 2016. But in Ravar, Zarand and Shahrbabak reduction in rates of at least 2% could be predicted. The time series showed that the trend of colorectal cancer in female will increase 15% and in male 7% by year 2016. Given the trend of this cancer is increasing so that resources will be consumed in the treatment of the patients, efforts shoudlbe focused on prevention and early diagnosis of the disease. Screening could have an important role leading to improved survival.

  9. 西部典型资源型城市矿产资源可持续发展能力评价及途径选择--以甘肃省白银市为例%The Evaluation and Approaches-choice of Sustainable Development of Mining Resources City of in Gansu Province---Take The BaiYin City As An Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘勇; 王士军; 蔺爽; 张小彦

    2014-01-01

    This paper based on an overview of the theoretical research on the sustainable development of the resource-based cities, took Baiyin as the study sample, and from the four dimen-sions of the economy, resources, environment and intellectual, built a consistent with mining features of evaluation index system for sustainable development of mining industry in Baiyin city, applied the principal component analysis method to empirical anal-ysis for mining sustainable development of resource-based cities , and discuss the key issues and development ideas of sustainable development of mineral resources in Baiyin city.%本文在对资源型城市可持续发展问题的理论研究进行概述的基础上,以甘肃省白银市为例,从经济、资源、环境和智力四个维度,构建了一套白银市矿业特色的矿业可持续发展评价指标体系,运用主成分分析法对资源型城市的矿业可持续发展能力进行了实证分析,探讨了白银市矿产资源可持续发展的关键问题和发展思路。

  10. The Correlation between Point Mutation of T3394C in Mitochondrial ND1 Gene and Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Aged Bai Minorities in Dali%大理白族老年人2型糖尿病与线粒体ND1基因T3394C突变的相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨勇琴; 杨泽芳; 陈亚丽; 欧阳文军; 杨佳妮; 张晓娟; 熊伟

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the correlation between point mutation of T3394C in mitochondrial NADH ND1 gene and patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in aged Bai minorities in Dali. Methods:200 unrelated individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM group)which were randomly chosen among aged Bai minorities in Dali, Yunnan, and 218 aged cases with normal glucose tolerance without DM family history (Control group) were inspected. Polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism(PCR-RFLP)technology were used for screening. Results: The point mutation T3394C in mitochondrial ND1 gene were found in 5 cases in T2DM group(2.50%), while only 1 case in control group(0.46%), and there were significant differences between two groups (P<0.05). Mitochondrial ND1 gene T3394C point mutation in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus showed obvious maternal inheritance characteristics. Conclusions:The point mutation of T3394C in the mitochondrial DNA ND1 gene may be related to the occurrence of T2DM in aged Bai minorities in Dali.%目的:研究人线粒体呼吸链烟酰胺腺嘌呤二核苷酸(NADH)脱氢酶第一亚单位(ND1)基因3394位点T→C突变与我国云南大理白族老年人2型糖尿病的相关性。方法:随机抽取无血缘关系的云南大理白族200例老年2型糖尿病患者(糖尿病组)及218例无糖尿病家族史、糖耐量正常的老年人群(正常对照组),用聚合酶链反应扩增、限制性内切酶HaeⅢ消化进行点突变筛查。结果:糖尿病组中5例患者存在线粒体DNA ND1基因3394位点T→C突变(2.50%),正常对照组中仅有1例出现该位点突变(0.46%),两组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。线粒体ND1基因3394位点T→C基因突变的糖尿病患者具有明显的母系遗传特征。结论:线粒体ND1基因3394位点T→C突变与云南省大理白族老年人2型糖尿病患者发病相关。

  11. Modified BanXia BaiZhu TianMa Tang and Betahistine Hydrochloride in Treating 35 Cases of Vertebrobasilar Artery Insufficiency Vertigo%加味半夏白术天麻汤联合盐酸倍他司汀治疗椎-基底动脉供血不足性眩晕35例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张小荣; 杨涛

    2013-01-01

    目的:观察加味半夏白术天麻汤联合盐酸倍他司汀治疗椎-基底动脉供血不足性眩晕的临床疗效。方法:将65例患者随机分为2组,治疗组35例予加味半夏白术天麻汤联合盐酸倍他司汀治疗,对照组30例予盐酸倍他司汀治疗,观察2组治疗前后椎-基底动脉平均血流速度。结果:治疗组治愈13例,显效19例,无效3例,总有效率为91.43%;对照组治愈3例,显效18例,无效9例,总有效率为70.00%。治疗组疗效优于对照组(P<0.05)。椎-基底动脉平均血流速度治疗后治疗组高于对照组(P<0.01)。结论:加味半夏白术天麻汤联合盐酸倍他司汀治疗椎-基底动脉供血不足性眩晕疗效优于单纯西药治疗。%Objective: To explore therapeutic effects of modified BanXia BaiZhu TianMa Tang cooperated with betahistine hydrochloride for vertebrobasilar artery insufficiency vertigo. Method:All 65 patients were random-ized into 35 cases in the treatment group and 30 cases in the control group. The treatment group accepted modified BanXia BaiZhu TianMa Tang and betahistine hydrochloride, the control group betahistine hydrochloride, average blood flow rates of vertebrobasilar artery were observed in both groups before and after treating. Result:There were 13 cases cured, 19 cases effective, three cases ineffective and total effective rate 91.43%in the treatment group;three cases cured, 18 cases effective, nine cases ineffective and total effective rate 70.00%. The treatment group was supe-rior to the control group in curative effects (P<0.05). The treatment group was higher than the control group in aver-age blood flow rates of vertebrobasilar artery (P<0.01). Conclusion:Modified BanXia BaiZhu TianMa Tang cooper-ated with betahistine hydrochloride are superior to Western Medicine for vertebrobasilar artery insufficiency vertigo.

  12. Payenia volcanic province, southern Mendoza, Argentina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søager, Nina; Holm, Paul Martin; Llambias, Eduardo Jorge

    2013-01-01

    The Pleistocene to Holocene Payenia volcanic province is a backarc region of 60,000 km2 in Mendoza, Argentina, which is dominated by transitional to alkaline basalts and trachybasalts. We present major and trace element compositions of 139 rocks from this area of which the majority are basaltic...... basalts, trace element variations suggest a significant contribution from lower crustal melts, possibly up to 70% in the most extreme cases. The contaminating lower crustal rocks must have been depleted mafic rocks with a plagioclase component. The extensive melting of lower crust is probably related...

  13. Hydrogeologic Provinces for California based upon established groundwater basins and watershed polygons.

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Ten hydrogeologic provinces of California are represented by a region- class feature called "provinces" within this digital data set. These provinces were identified...

  14. Guide the Construction of Ecological Province of China with the Ecological Economics Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WangSongpei

    2005-01-01

    A major issue in China's present ecological economic construction is to build the ecological province. In March of 1999,Hainan Province of China proposed setting up the first ecological province and was accredited by the Bureau of State Environment Protection as the pilot project. Up to now for only four years, Hainan, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Fujian, Zhejiang,Shandong, Anhui, Jiangsu, eight provinces in the wholecountry, having launched the establishment of the ecological province. Meanwhile, the provinces such as Shaanxi, Hebei,

  15. The polypores of Guizhou Province I

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Thirty five species of polypores (Basidiomycetes,Aphyllophorales) from Guizhou Province are found from a field trip in Kuankuoshui Nature Reserve and Mt. Qianling, among which 6 species are new to China and 19 species are new to Guizhou. Three taxa in Antrodiella and Perenniporia were identified to genus, but no names were found for them in the literature, and they are evidently previously unkown species. Fomitopsis pinicola ( Sw.: Fr. ) P. Karst., Ganoderma applanatum (pers. ) Pat., Ganoderma tsunodae (Lloyd) Trott. and Rigidoporus lineatus (Pers. :Fr. ) Ryvarden are the pathogens on several trees of angiosperms in the province.%对贵州省宽阔水自然保护区和黔灵山的多孔菌进行了初步研究,共发现多孔菌35种,其中中国新纪录种6个,贵州新记录种19个.3个分类单位只鉴定到属,它们明显是中国以前未报道的种类,或为新种.松生层孔菌Fomitopsispinicola(Sw.:Fr.)P.Karst.,树舌灵芝Ganoderma applanatum(pers.)Pat.,粗皮灵芝Ganodermatsunodae(Lloyd)Trott.和平丝硬孔菌Rigidoporus lineatus(Pers.:Fr.)Ryvarden为树木病原菌.

  16. A Low-Li Geochemical Province in the NE Atlantic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bailey, J. C.; Gwozdz, R.

    1978-01-01

    Lithium was analysed in 392 basalts and related igneous rocks from the North Atlantic Tertiary-Recent province using activation analysis and Čerenkov counting. Monotonous Li values of 5.5±2 ppm in NE Atlantic basalts define a low-Li geochemical province which has persisted for 60 million years...

  17. Hainan Province Obtained 61 Exploration Rights in Multiple Countries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>According to news sources from Hainan Province Land and Resources Department, Hainan Province actively implemented geological prospecting "Walking out" strategy, up till now Hainan geological prospecting units and enterprises have acquired 61 exploration rights, and 4 mining rights in Mozambique, Madagascar,

  18. Integrated Coastal Management in the Province Ca Mau - Vietnam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stoop, B.; Bouziotas, D.; Hanssen, J.L.J.; Dunnewolt, J.; Postma, M.G.

    2015-01-01

    The province of Ca Mau is the southernmost part of Vietnam and the Mekong Delta. The water system of Ca Mau faces multiple challenges, both in its coastal zone and in its inland regions. the coastal zone in the province. In view of this, this study presents an integrated approach for combined coasta

  19. The Development Model of Agricultural Insurance in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pu; YOU

    2014-01-01

    The agricultural economy in Anhui Province is developing so fast,but farmers are severely affected by the frequent occurrence of natural disasters. The current agricultural insurance mode is not suitable,therefore,the research on agricultural insurance modes of Anhui Province helps to promote the steady development of the agricultural production. Starting from situation of agricultural insurance in Anhui Province,learning from both experience of foreign country and the latest successful domestic modes,we try to put forward agricultural insurance mode framework which is suitable for Anhui Province. Based on the actual situation of Anhui Province,it is necessary to adopt the mode of government leading combined with agricultural mutual aid rather than copy the existing mode.

  20. Developmental Strategies of Betel Nut Industry in Hainan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The developmental status of the betel nut industry is introduced, including cultivation situation, processing and development situation, and consumer market situation. The result shows that the cultivation of betel nut in Hainan Province develops rapidly and the primary processing of betel nut has formed certain scale, but the deep processing of betel nut is backward. Except for the mino amount of the betel nuts consumed by Hainan Island, a large majority of the betel nuts are processed into dry fruit to sell to Hunan Province to reprocess. The problems exist in the development of betel nut industry in Hainan Province are analyzed, covering blind cultivation, extensive management, backward processing, lagged new product development and the single and concentrated consumer market. The strategic choice of developing the betel nut industry of Hainan Province is analyzed as well. Hainan Province should carry out the green, sustainable, diversified, cooperative and export-oriented industrial developmental strategy.

  1. 翻译美学视角下白先勇自译作品《游园惊梦》的审美再现%Aesthetic Representation of Bai Xianyong's Self-translation Work Wandering in the Garden, Waking from a Dream

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯智强; 赵冰洁

    2015-01-01

    The present paper analyzes Bai Xianyong's self-translation work Wandering in the Garden, Waking from a Dream at three levels——words, sentences and discourse in virtue of related theory of aesthetic representation.Under the perspective of comparative studies of Chinese and English, it mainly discusses how aesthetic subject in the process of Chinese-English translation represented and created the beauty of aesthetic object based on the understanding of source text.%文章以白先勇的《游园惊梦》自译本为研究对象,借助翻译美学中审美再现的相关理论,从英汉语比较的角度出发,从词语、句段和篇章结构等层面,探讨了汉译英过程中,审美主体对原文的理解和对原文审美信息的再现与创造以及审美客体所涵盖的原语之美.

  2. The automatic sprinkler system for sorting equipments of Guangzhou BaiYun International Airport transshipment center%广州白云国际机场某转运中心分拣设备自动喷水灭火系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉玲; 刘亮; 李楠

    2011-01-01

    广州白云国际机场某转运中心分拣设备按照FM保险公司要求设置自动喷水灭火系统,介绍其设计、施工及验收等方面的要求,并对比执行FM标准与执行现行国家标准.通过对系统的介绍,从系统的设计标准、喷头安装及验收要求等方面对国内类似物流工程中的皮带输送机分拣设备设置自动喷水灭火系统提供参照和借鉴.%In accordance with the requirements of FM Insurance Company, the automatic fire sprinkler system for sorting equipments was installed at Guangzhou BaiYun International Airport. This article focuses on the design, construction and in-spection requirements and compares FM standards and Code for design of automatic fire sprinkler systems. For the domestic similar logistics sorting equipment belt conveyor projects, a reference to the installation of the automatic fire sprinkler system for sorting equipments was provided, including design standards, sprinkler installation and inspection requirements.

  3. 封建男权下的坎坷斗争路--《白鹿原》中田小娥、白灵两位女性形象分析%The Rough Struggle with the Feudal Patriarchy---the Figure Analysis between Tian Xiaoe and Bai Ling from White Deer Plain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨洁

    2013-01-01

    Tian Xiaoe and Bai Ling are two representative tragic figures from White Deer Plain .One of them is a man ’ s toy under the feudal patri-archal system and the other one is a female revolutionist who was influenced by the New Culture Movement .This paper will discuss the brave but tragic struggle with the feudal patriarchy from the aspects of comparison between the two female figures .%田小娥与白灵是小说《白鹿原》中两位非常具有代表性的悲剧人物,一个是封建宗法制度下男人的“玩物”,另一个却是受到过新文化运动熏陶的革命女性。本文通过对两位女性形象的对比分析,探讨《白鹿原》中女性敢于反抗封建男权社会的勇敢与悲壮。

  4. ON PERSONALIZED POSITIONING AND DEVELOPMENT CONCEPT OF BRANDS--- With“Bai Wu Xi”as an Example%论品牌的个性化定位与发展理念--以“百武西”为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丹丹

    2014-01-01

    品牌价值在于其创造财富的巨大潜能,而在品牌的塑造中,个性化的理念已经成为日趋关键的要素。在全球化趋势下的品牌设计中,要想脱颖而出,就不能没有个性。这些个性化的形象使之区别于同类产品,便于人们识别与记忆。“百武西”以它独特的品牌理念和坚持自我的品牌个性,塑造出一个自然、简约、和谐的品牌形象。%Brand value lies in its great potential to create wealth, and in brand shaping, and the individuality concept has be-come an increasingly crucial factor. Under the trend of economic globalization, it is impossible to stand out in brand design without individuality. These highly individualized images distinguish them from similar products and help people to identify and memorize them. “Bai Wu Xi”with its unique brand concept and brand individuality of self-adherence creates a natural, simple and harmonious brand image.

  5. Dengue virus serotype in Aceh Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paisal

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available WHO estimated 50 million dengue infections happen every year in the world. In Indonesia, there were 90,245 DHF cases on 2012 with 816 deaths. In the Province of Aceh, 2,269 cases happened in the same year. This study aimed to identify dengue virus serotype in Aceh. Sampling was done in Kota Banda Aceh Hospital, Kota Lhokseumawe Hospital, Kabupaten Aceh Tamiang Hospital, Kabupaten Aceh Barat Hospital, and Kabupaten Simeulue Hospital between May to December 2012. This was a clinical laboratory research with observation design using cross sectional approach. Research’s population was sample from patients with dengue clinical symptom. Using purposive sampling technique, we have collected 100 samples from the five hospitals (20 samples from each hospital. From RT-PCR, we found 16 positive samples (9 samples were DENV-4, 3 samples were DENV-1, 2 samples were DENV-2, and 2 samples were DENV-3.

  6. Agricultural Investment Environment in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The features of ageing,low educational level and female domination on the part of agricultural labor forces,determine that the sustainable development of agriculture can not rely entirely on farmers,who are engaged in dispersed planting and small-scale operation,therefore,improving agricultural investment environment,and taking positive measures to promote diversification of the main body of agricultural investment,is the key to the healthy development of agriculture.From four aspects(the industrial base of agriculture,arable land resource conditions,capital investment capacity,input of means of production),this article establishes evaluation indicator system of agricultural investment environment in Shaanxi Province,and based on this,make recommendations for improvement of agricultural investment environment in Shaanxi.

  7. The Path Analysis of Farmers’ Income Structure in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yongtian; XIAO; Yu; CUI; Lijia; HU

    2015-01-01

    The problem of farmers’ income growth is the key of issues concerning agriculture,countryside and farmers,so the farmers’ income growth is the fundamental starting point for agricultural and rural economic development. In this paper,we use the statistics concerning farmers’ income in Yunnan Province from 1995 to 2012,to perform the path analysis of components of farmers’ income in Yunnan Province,study the path of influence of components of farmers’ income on farmers’ net income,and then set forth the policy recommendations for increasing farmers’ income in Yunnan Province.

  8. Contribution on the Tabanidae (Diptera Fauna of Antalya Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferhat Altunsoy

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study, carried out 35 species in Antalya province. Totally 35 species, belonging Tabanidae were determined. The species Silvius alpinus, Chrysops viduatus, Atylotus loewianus, Tabanus atropathenicus, T. bifarius, T. cordiger, T. darimonti, T. glaucopis, T. leleani, T. lunatus, T. maculicornis; T. miki, T. portschinski, T. prometheus, T. spodopteroides, T. tinctus, T. sudeticus, Hemotopota italica, H. ocelligera, H. pallens, and H. subcylindrica are the first records for this province. The total number of determined species in Antalya province reaches to 52 with the result of this study and the previous studies.

  9. Strategic Ideas of Greenway Construction in Ecological Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIUBinyi; XUWenhui

    2004-01-01

    This article grasps the implication of ecology based on the theory of greenway, With the purpose of making Zhejiang Province become an ecological province, it points out that the problems exist in the greenway construction and makes it clear that the greenway construction is very important. Furthermore, in combination with the linear green open spaces, such as greening passages, tourist areas, and administration facilities in Zhejiang Province, this article puts forward the strategic ideas of the greenways construction and the strategies, measures to apply the greenways construction.

  10. Local Fossil Assemblege of the Rehol Biota and Its Geological Significancein Chengde Area, Hebei Province, China%冀北承德地区热河生物群化石组合特征及其地质意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛绍武; 孙春林; 张福成; 李文革; 许飞; 李鹤; 徐延康; 宋天骄

    2015-01-01

    In 1928, the Lycoptera-Eosestheria-Ephemeropsis fossil assemblage from Lingyuan distrinct of westh-ern Liaoning Province,China was named as Rehol Fauna by American palaeotologist .Grabau,A.W. Professor Gu Zhi-wei calls this fossil assemblage as Rehol Biota in 1962.In 1980-1990 of the last centural,Classes Osteichthy-es, Amphibia,Reptilian,Aves,Mammalia fossils were found from Yixian Formation and Jiufotang Formation of Mesozoic strata in westhern Liaoning Province,China.At same time,this fossils were yet found from Dabeigou Formation,Huajiying Formation or Xiguayuan Formation(=Yixian Formatiom),and Nandian Formation(=Jiufo-tang Formation) in Northern Hebei Province,China.There are many invertebrate fossils and valuable and unusual vertebrate fossils,including species Weichangiops triangularis Yang et Hong,Weichangiops rotundus Yang et Hong,Brachygastriops xinboensis Yang et Hong, Circoidoscelosus aethus Shen,Peipiaosteus fengningensuis Bai, Yanosteus longidorsalis Jin et al.,Protopsephurus liui Jin, Lycoptera davidi (Sauvage),Regalerpeton weichangen-sisZhang et al., Jehelacertaformosa Ji et Ren,Luanpingosaurus jingshangensis Cheng),Psittacosaurussp.from Da-beigouzu Formation and Huajiying Formation/Xiguayuan Formation in northern Hebei Province,China.Discovery of the valuable and the unusual vertebrate and the angiosperm fossils vital importance to the origin of the birds, mammal,and angiosperm.It is of the important significance in subdivision and correlation of the Mesozoic strata, and in science study of Palaeotology that the places of this valuable and unusual invertebrate and vertebrate fos-sils is safeguarded in northern Hebei Province,China.%冀北承德与辽西建昌-义县一带是热河生物群化石的命名地,产有丰富的无脊椎动物和脊椎动物化石,以及早期被子植物化石,是探讨鸟类,哺乳类和被子植物起源的重要地区,引起了国内外古生物学家的高度关注和各国媒体的广泛报道.冀北承德地区

  11. Basin and Range Province, Western US, USGS Grids #5

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These grid files were used to produce gravity and basin depth maps of the Basin and Range Province, western United States. The maps show gravity values and modeled...

  12. Geologic Provinces of the Far East, 2000 (prv3al)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This coverage includes arcs, polygons and polygon labels that describe U.S. Geological Survey defined geologic provinces of the Far East (China, Mongolia, North and...

  13. STRATEGY OF MAIZE'S CONCENTRATING TO ADVANTAGE AREAS IN JILIN PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIANG Hui-ming; GU Li-li

    2003-01-01

    Jilin Province is one of the main grain-producing provinces of China, which has dominant position in maize production, by the view of its advantages in policy, location, breed and market. And after entering WTO,some measures have been taken to enhance maize competitive ability. But there are some difficulties in concentrating production to maize advantaged areas. This paper expounds the basis that Jilin Province becomes the advantage area of maize, analyzes the problems and puts forward the supporting policy. Some strategic measures are proposed,as developing comparable advantages, carrying out the strategy of un-equilibrium development and cultivating advantaged product areas of maize to rapidly improve the international competitive ability and productivity of maize in Jilin Province, cast the agricultural predicament off and promote the agricultural development into a new stage.

  14. Alumina Producers in Shandong Province Allied to Win Negotiation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Faced with the soaring bauxite price,five alu- mina producers in Shandong Province jointly established Shangdong Bauxite Import Compa- nies Club to gain a better position in price ne- gotiation with foreign counterparts by getting

  15. Comparative Study on Property Income of Farmers in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DONG Hong

    2012-01-01

    According to statistic data of Shaanxi Province during 1997 to 2010,I conducted a comparative analysis on farmers’ property income from region,urban and rural factors and structure,established regression model,and studied the relationship between farmers’ property income and gross income.Results show that the growth of average property income of farmers in Shaanxi Province is clearly slow,and the gap is widening from the average national level;except 2001 and 2002,the average property income of urban and rural residents of Shaanxi Province kept a great difference;the proportion of rural residents’ property income is very small,basically not higher than 3%;there is a significant correlation between the property income and gross income of farmers in Shaanxi Province.Energetically developing rural economy and increasing farmers’ property are favorable to growth of farmers’ property income.

  16. Basin and Range Province, Western US, USGS Grids #3

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These grid files were used to produce gravity and basin depth maps of the Basin and Range Province, western United States. The maps show gravity values and modeled...

  17. Geologic Provinces of Southeast Asia, 2000 (prv3bl)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This coverage includes arcs, polygons and polygon labels that describe U.S. Geological Survey defined geologic provinces of Southeast Asia (Brunei, Indonesia,...

  18. South America Province Boundaries, 1999 (prv6ag)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — South America is part of Region 6 (Central and South America) for the World Energy Assessment. South America was divided into 107 geologic provinces as background...

  19. Development Strategy of Sugarcane Industry in Guangdong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Yue-gui; WU Jian-tao; YANG Jun-xian; LI Qi-wei; XIE Jing; PAN Fang-yin; WU Wen-long; LIU Fu-ye; DENG Hai-hua; QI Yong-wen

    2012-01-01

    Guangdong Province is one of the main producing areas of sugarcane in China, and one of China’s three regions with dominant advantage in sugarcane, having good basis and conditions for developing sugarcane industry. In this research, using the SWOT-AHP method, we set 20 assessment indicators (such as the regions with dominant advantage in sugarcane, huge demand for domestic sugar, increased production costs and backward system of sugarcane), to analyze the development strategy of sugarcane industry in Guangdong Province, from strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and challenges of sugarcane industrial development in Guangdong Province. The results show that in order to promote the development of sugarcane industry in Guangdong Province, it is necessary to adopt the SO development strategy (relying on its own strengths and using favorable external environment), to achieve the rapid development.

  20. Basin and Range Province, Western US, USGS Grids, #1

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These grid files were used to produce gravity and basin depth maps of the Basin and Range Province, western United States. The maps show gravity values and modeled...

  1. SWOT Analysis of Vinegar Export of Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王业璇

    2012-01-01

      This article is based on the SWOT theory, and analyze the vinegar export situations of Shanxi province. Finding out the opportunities and challenges the vinegar plants confronts is this article’s main purpose.

  2. Geologic provinces of Iran, 2000 (prv2cg)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This data set includes arcs, polygons, and polygon labels for geologic and petroleum provinces interpreted and designated by R.M. Pollastro based on numerous...

  3. Highlights from Johannesburg, Gauteng Province, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    Although the extraction of mineral wealth has been the major influence in the history of Johannesburg and the surrounding Witwatersrand regions (with about 45% of all gold ever mined coming from there), the discovery of now-famous hominid fossils at the Sterkfontein Caves, and the convening of the world's largest-ever conference on environment and development, are setting a new stage for the future. The United Nations began the second Development and Environment Conference in Johannesburg on August 26, 2002. This meeting addresses the implementation of international goals to fight poverty and protect the global environment that were established at the first such conference held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. The Johannesburg summit involves about forty thousand participants, and perhaps 100 world leaders. One of several official opening ceremonies for the conference was held at the Sterkfontein Caves to recognize the outstanding universal value of the paleo-anthropological fossils found there.These views from the Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) highlight a number of the land use, vegetation, and geological features found within Gauteng Province (including the urban center of Johannesburg and the capital city Pretoria) and parts of the North West and Free State Provinces. The image on the right displays vegetation in red hues and is a false-color view utilizing data from MISR's near-infrared, red and blue bands. Both the natural-color view (left) and the false-color version were acquired by MISR's nadir camera on June 16, 2002. The urban areas appear as gray-colored pixels in the natural-color view, and exhibit colors corresponding with the relative abundance of vegetation found in the urban parts of this arid region.The mountains trending east-west near the center of the images extend from Pretoria in the east to Rustenberg in the west. These ranges, the Magaliesberg and Witwatersberg, separate the low-lying, hotter bushveld to the north from the cooler

  4. Developing Potential of Low-carbon Agriculture in Heilongjiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Hui; Li Cui-xia; Chen Yao; Fu Rao

    2012-01-01

    Based on the trace of origin and development process of low-carbon economy, the paper defined the concept of low- carbon agriculture. As a case, the development of low-carbon advantage and disadvantage of agriculture in Heilongjiang Province made a systematic analysis of factors; it based on the empirical and comparative analysis of low-carbon development in Heilongjiang Province and put forward countermeasures and suggestions of agriculture. At last, the low-carbon agriculture was prospected in the future.

  5. Pharmacovigilance in children in Camagüey Province, Cuba

    OpenAIRE

    Bárzaga Arencibia, Z.; López Leyva, A.; Mejías Peña, Y.; González Reyes, A.R.; Fernández Manzano, E.; Choonara, Imti

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: Our aim was to describe the adverse drug reactions (ADRs) detected following increased education about pharmacovigilance and drug toxicity in children in Camagüey Province, Cuba. Methods: Over a period of 24 months (January 2009 to December 2010), all reports of suspected ADRs in children to the Provincial Pharmacovigilance Centre in Camagüey Province were analysed. ADRs were classified in relation to causality and severity. Results: There were 533 reports involvi...

  6. Philonotis calcarea (Bryophyta) in the Opole Province (Poland)

    OpenAIRE

    Stebel Adam

    2014-01-01

    Philonotis calcarea (Bruch & Schimp.) Schimp. in Poland is a montane species, very rarely occurring in lowland, strictly protected by law. In the Opole Province till this time it has been known from four localities, reported from the 19th and first half of the 20th century. The paper presents description of the new locality and list of stations of P. calcarea in the Opole Province. Current distribution of this species is presented on the map.

  7. Philonotis calcarea (Bryophyta in the Opole Province (Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stebel Adam

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Philonotis calcarea (Bruch & Schimp. Schimp. in Poland is a montane species, very rarely occurring in lowland, strictly protected by law. In the Opole Province till this time it has been known from four localities, reported from the 19th and first half of the 20th century. The paper presents description of the new locality and list of stations of P. calcarea in the Opole Province. Current distribution of this species is presented on the map.

  8. ICT Strategic Planning for Mazandaran Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Shojaie

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Today, regarding rapid changes in the environment, any organization, institution or country that overlooks its capabilities, strengths and weaknesses, will face real challenges. Strategic planning in organizations is a common response to these challenges which also facilitate achieving goals in an organization. Today, the importance of ICT is increased, which necessitates ICT strategic planning to use ICT in organizations. So, this study aimed to propose ICT strategic plans for Mazandaran province. For this end, at first using stakeholders' viewpoints, the vision, mission and goals are provided. Then, Internal & External Matrix was suggested and identified factors were ranked using Analytic Network Processing (ANP. Then, concerning strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats, and using SWOT analysis, ICT strategies were provided. Finally, using QSPM matrix, the strategies were ranked. Regarding this ranking, dedicated budget to ICT in governmental organizations, using integration architecture, developing organizational and inter-organizational information systems, developing mechanisms to absorb national and local financial resources for extending ICT infrastructures and finally concerning ICT trainings for managers and people, were in the top of the list.

  9. Church Tourism in Batangas Province, Philippines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JAYZEL ANN. T. DE CASTRO

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Church tourism has clearly increased over the past ten years. Churches are an important part of the tourism product of many parts of the country. This study aimed to determine the contribution of the churches in terms of social, cultural and economic aspects of the place, to identify the problems encountered in the promoting church tourism and propose plan of action to sustain the tourism of the Province of Batangas through churches. The researchers used the descriptive method of research and utilized self-made questionnaire as the main data gathering instrument of the study. The respondents were consisting of 5 people in the offices of the pilgrim churches from Batangas City and 10 churchgoers. The respondents agree that pilgrim churches contribute to tourism in terms of social and economics aspect while they strongly agree in term of cultural aspect. The most commonly experienced problems were the accessibility of the transportation and an action plan was proposed to address the problems encountered. The recommendation addressed that roving guards should be provided to ensure the safety and security of the tourists during their visit in the church. The church personnel may provide creative and command activities that will encourage people. Also they may have a briefing about the history of the church so that if visitor needs information it easy for them to answer and an action plan may be implemented to solve the problem encountered.

  10. 媒介化语境中的民族文化“断裂代"——剑川县石龙白族村的个案研究%On "Breaking Generation" of Ethnic Cultures under the Media Context -- Case Study of Bai People's Shilong Village of Jianchuan County

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙信茹; 薛园

    2012-01-01

    在媒介化社会的深入影响之下,大众传媒成为少数民族地区文化传承的重要语境。受到来自经济发展、社会流动、思想观念等多重因素的影响,在本应作为文化传承中流砥柱的年轻人身上却出现了断裂,文化的发展传承也进而随着这种“断裂代”出现“断裂带”。文章以一个白族村落为例,探究在媒介化的语境中,年轻人在本民族文化发展传承中的表现和特点,继而分析民族文化“断裂代”形成的原因以及现代媒介对于民族文化传承的影响和作用。%Under the thorough influence of the media society, the mass media becomes an important context for culture heritage in the minority nationality areas. Due to the effects of multiple factors, such as economic development, social mobility, thinking, etc., the young people who were supposed to be the pillar of the culture heritage appears to be a generation of breaking literature, which results in the breaking zones in the culture heritage accordingly. In this paper, we take a Bai ethnic minority village as an example to investigate the behaviors and the characteristics of the young generation that performs in their culture heritage under the media context, and to analyze the cause of the breaking generation in the ethnic culture and the impacts and the effects of the modern media on the culture heritage.

  11. 白族石头砌墙乡土建筑的价值与传承--以大理市银桥镇磻曲村为例%Study on the Inheritance and Value of Bai People's Stone Wall Vernacular Architecture:A Case of Panqu Village in Yinqiao Town of Dali City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨砚池

    2014-01-01

    The stone wall vernacular architecture is the indigenous creation of architectural culture of Bai ancestors living near Erhai Lake. In Panqu Village in Yinqiao Town, 44 ancient courtyards with an area of 48 acres are relatively well-preserved. Their location, layout, planning control, building style, and daily life customs have formed a unique regional culture, which is an important research topic for history, sociology, religion, art, architecture, and ecology. The protection of the ancient courtyards in Panqu Village should be based on the context, stick to the authenticity, develop the subjectivity, pay attention to the coordination, and focus on development, so as to achieve a virtuous circle between the vernacular architecture inheritance and the village development.%石头砌墙传统建筑是洱海流域白族先民创造的本土建筑文化。银桥镇磻曲村占地48亩的44个古民居院落保存较为完整,在选址布局、规划控制、建筑风格、起居习俗等方面形成了独特的地域文化,是历史学、社会学、宗教学、艺术学、建筑学、生态学等研究的重要宝库。磻曲村民居保护要立足文脉性、坚持原真性、发挥主体性、注重协调性、突出发展性,实现乡土建筑传承与村落发展的良性循环。

  12. 《源氏物语》中脱离困境的引导--三首白氏讽谕诗的异国阐释%Seeking a Way to Turn Their Fortunes Around in The Tale of Genji:On Bai Juyi's Allegorical Poems Used for Exotic Explanations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈建梅

    2015-01-01

    白居易的《上阳白发人》《李夫人》《陵园妾》等以后宫薄命美女为题材的讽谕诗对日本平安时代文学作品《源氏物语》影响深刻。紫式部对此三首诗的借鉴先后有别、递进有序,呈现出情感上的“怨与妒”“求不得”“戒而生”的变化与发展。这一借鉴特色是作者紫式部对当时贵族女性婚姻状况的思考,反映了女性重情的审美倾向,亦是其基于净土信仰对女性情殇出路所作的探索与尝试。%Bai Juyi's allegorical poems, themed by ill-fated women in the imperial palace, such as Shangyang Palace Maid, Ms. Lee and Concubines' Cemetery, etc, had profound impact on The Tale of Genji, a lit-erary works in Japan's Heian Period (from A.D. 794 to A.D. 1185). Murasaki Shikibu quoted the above three poems, which presented emotional changes from "resentment and jealousy", "failed pursuit" and"revitalization from abstaining". This reference features represented the women's aesthetic psychology. Murasaki Shikibu's used reference was successively different and progressively orderly, which reflected her thinking on aristocratic women's marriage disturbance in Heian Period and her exploring the way out.

  13. 秋月荻花瑟瑟胡曲——从《琵琶行》看白居易的西域音乐情结%On Bai Chuyi's Affection for Music from the Western Regions Embodied in The Song of a Lute

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宿月

    2009-01-01

    白居易对西域音乐情有独钟,他在许多诗歌中都表现出对西域音乐的独特感受.他将对西域音乐的理解领悟力与其西域情结相沟通,用形象生动的语言意象,为人们呈现出对西域音乐与众不同的感受,生动再现西域音乐特色.而中对琵琶女演奏技艺的精湛描摹,更体现了他对西域音乐的高超鉴赏力和音乐素养,将西域音乐的特性表现得淋漓尽致.%Bai Chuyi (772-846) had a deep affection for the music from the Western Regions, both north and south of the Tianshan Mountains. With a special love to the Western Regions, he had expressed his unique un-derstanding of the music in the lines of his poems with vivid images. This paper discusses about his affection for the music by a case study of his poem The Song of a Lute, in which he had given a vivid description of the lute-pla-ying girl's skills. And the author thinks that such a description present the readers the nature of the music from the Western Regions, and his own unusual taste for music as well.

  14. Crust structure beneath Jilin Province and Liaoning Province in China based on seismic ambient noise tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pang, Guanghua; Feng, Jikun; Lin, Jun

    2016-11-01

    We imaged the crust structure beneath Jilin Province and Liaoning Province in China with fundamental mode Rayleigh waves recorded by 60 broadband stations deployed in the region. Surface-wave empirical Green's functions were retrieved from cross-correlations of inter-station data and phase velocity dispersions were measured using a frequency-time analysis method. Dispersion measurements were then utilized to construct 2D phase velocity maps for periods between 5 and 35 s. Subsequently, the phase-dispersion curves extracted from each cell of the 2D phase velocity maps were inverted to determine the 3D shear wave velocity structures of the crust. The phase velocity maps at different periods reflected the average velocity structures corresponding to different depth ranges. The maps in short periods, in particular, were in excellent agreement with known geological features of the surface. In addition to imaging shear wave velocity structures of the volcanoes, we show that obvious low-velocity anomalies imaged in the Changbaishan-Tianchi Volcano, the Longgang-Jinlongdingzi Volcano, and the system of the Dunmi Fault crossing the Jingbohu Volcano, all of which may be due to geothermal anomalies.

  15. Edible Macrofungi of Çorum Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sinan Alkan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available According to the scientists, the world's population by 2050 is estimated to exceed 9 billion, in order to meet the nutritional needs of people, it is expected that in the future to need more food production than today. Therefore in the world, food organizations, institutions and communities various action plans provide in the reports published. In these plans, diversification of the production, fast, quick and easy way to produce food, less harmful farming practices to the nature and the environment, and etc. topics are included. In line these plans with last years, the greater the number of species used as food and with ease of cultivation, mushrooms and mushroom cultivations are gaining importance. For this purpose, the determination of the diversity of edible mushrooms in nature and investigation that how can be taken to culture, it will also provide support to the production of different species of mushrooms. In the field studies performed between 2011 and 2013, after taking pictures on their habitats mushroom samples, collected within the Çorum province limits, were brought to the laboratory wrapped in aluminum foil properly. After measuring and studying on special structures under a microscope in the laboratory, they were identified according to the literature. Fungarium tag were prepared for identified mushrooms. These mushrooms, made into the Fungarium materials, were stored in Fungarium of the Directorate of Mushroom Application and Research Centre of Selçuk University. In conclusion, according to the literature four taxa belong to Ascomycota and 52 taxa belong to Basidiomycota, in totally of 56 taxa were found to be edible feature. These 56 taxa were represented by two divisio, four ordo and 14 families. The localities of identified species in the provincial boundaries are given. The names of species known among people with ethno mycological research, done during field studies, also were detected.

  16. Landscape Analysis of Geographical Names in Hubei Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xixi Chen

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Hubei Province is the hub of communications in central China, which directly determines its strategic position in the country’s development. Additionally, Hubei Province is well-known for its diverse landforms, including mountains, hills, mounds and plains. This area is called “The Province of Thousand Lakes” due to the abundance of water resources. Geographical names are exclusive names given to physical or anthropogenic geographic entities at specific spatial locations and are important signs by which humans understand natural and human activities. In this study, geographic information systems (GIS technology is adopted to establish a geodatabase of geographical names with particular characteristics in Hubei Province and extract certain geomorphologic and environmental factors. We carry out landscape analysis of mountain-related geographical names and water-related geographical names respectively. In the end, we calculate the information entropy of geographical names of each county to describe the diversity and inhomogeneity of place names in Hubei province. Our study demonstrates that geographical names represent responses to the cultural landscape and physical environment. The geographical names are more interesting in specific landscapes, such as mountains and rivers.

  17. Environmental factors of urinary stones mineralogy, Khouzestan Province, Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarasvandi, Alireza; Carranza, E. J. M.; Heidari, Majid; Mousapour, Esmaeil

    2014-09-01

    Urinary stone diseases in the Khouzestan province (southwest Iran) are growing in number and it required extensive studies on various factors of the urinary stones formation in this province. In this research, in addition to distribution of urinary stones in different areas of province, the role of bioenvironmental (race), climate (temperature) and geology (water hardness) factors in urinary stones diversity has been studied. Mineralogical studied using X-ray diffraction showed that uricite and whewellite are the most frequency mineral phases. Struvite, Cystine, hydroxyapatite, weddellite, and Niahite can be observed as urinary stones, too. These data show that the urinary stone in the Khouzestan province can divide into 7 groups: calcium oxalate, phosphate, calcium oxalate/ phosphate, Urate, Urate/calcium, Urate/calcium oxalate/phosphate, Cystine/calcium oxalate. Also the results which attained from temperature effect investigation on the mineralogy of urinary stones, confirms that from Mediterranean sub-humid climates (northeastern area) to warm and dry climates (south and southwest area), calcium oxalate stones and urate stones concentration decreases and increases respectively. Comparison of data related to the drinking water hardness and mineralogy of urinary stones in different areas of Khouzestan province show that the combination of drinking water (especially water hardness) affects mineralogy of urinary stones in some areas (such az Ramhormoz and Hendijan). Finally, the data suggest that frequency of calcium oxalate in women is more than that of men. Moreover, there is direct relationship between the age (>45 years) and the increase in frequency of Urate minerals.

  18. [Emergy analysis of ecological-economic system in Liaoning Province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Hao; Wang, Qing; Li, Xiu-Juan; Song, Yang; Li, Guang-Jun

    2008-03-01

    By the methods of emergy analysis, this paper studied the emergy flow in the ecological-economic system in Liaoning Province in 1990-2005, and the relationships between the environmental stress caused by resources' input, output and consumption and the sustainable development of the Province. The results showed that in Liaoning Province, the non-renewable resources occupied over 74% of the total consumed emergy, and the realistic population in 2005 was 3.26 times higher than the supportable population. In 1990-2005, the emergy yield ratio decreased from 65.40 to 10.13, emergy loading ratio increased from 2.72 to 7.18, and emergy sustainable index decreased from 24.03 to 1.41. The rapid economic growth in Liaoning Province was chiefly supported by the consumption of vast non-renewable resources, which caused the pressure of economic development on ecosystem getting more and more intense, the economic development increasingly depending on exogenous resources, and the sustainable development of Liaoning ecological-economic system having a continuing decrease. To realize the sustainable development in Liaoning Province, the principles of reduction, reutilization and recycling should be taken as the guidelines for promoting the reuse of wastes and the closed fine circulation of resources to minimize the discharge of wastes.

  19. Spatial distribution of cancer in Kohgilooyeh and Boyerahmad province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Fararouei

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Spatial distribution of cancer is one of the powerful tools in epidemiology of cancer. The present study is designed to understand the geographical distribution of most frequent types of cancer in K&B province. Methods: All registered cases of cancer are reviewed and duplicate cases were removed. The data was analyzed using Arcgis software. Results: Of all registered cases, 1273  remained for analysis of which 57% were residences of urban areas. Cities including  Sisakht, Yasuj and Dehdsasht were shown to have highest incidence rates among the Urban areas. Dena, Sepidar and Kohmare Khaleghi had the highest rates among the rural areas in the province. Skin cancer was the most common type of cancer which had the highest rates of incidence in Sisakht and Dehdasht and Dena and Sepidar among urban and rural areas respectively. Conclusion: The distribution of cancer was not even in the province. Attitude and consumption of wild and regional plants are introduced as the potential risk factors for such a spatial distribution of the common cancers I the province. The results of this study could be used for further analytical studies to understand the regional etiology of cancer in the province.

  20. Hydrocarbon provinces and productive trends in Libya and adjacent areas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Missallati, A.A. (Agip (N.A.M.E.)Ltd., Tripoli (Libya))

    1988-08-01

    According to the age of major reservoirs, hydrocarbon occurrences in Libya and adjacent areas can be grouped into six major systems which, according to their geographic locations, can be classified into two major hydrocarbon provinces: (1) Sirte-Pelagian basins province, with major reservoirs ranging from middle-late Mesozoic to early Tertiary, and (2) Murzog-Ghadames basins province, with major reservoirs ranging from early Paleozoic to early Mesozoic. In the Sirte-Pelagian basins province, hydrocarbons have been trapped in structural highs or in stratigraphic wedge-out against structural highs and in carbonate buildups. Here, hydrocarbon generation is characterized by the combined effect of abundant structural relief and reservoir development in the same hydrocarbon systems of the same age, providing an excellent example of hydrocarbon traps in sedimentary basins that have undergone extensive tensional fracturing in a shallow marine environment. In the Murzog-Ghadames basins province, hydrocarbons have been trapped mainly in structural highs controlled by paleostructural trends as basement arches which acted as focal points for oil migration and accumulation.

  1. Urbanization of Jilin Province and Its Spatial Pattern

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Bo; GUO Qinghai; Dou Sen

    2006-01-01

    Urbanization is a crucial criterion of assessing a nation's or a particular region's level of modernization. It has been accelerated all over the world in the 21th century. The main purpose of this research is to provide a strategy of spatial pattern ofurbanization for rural areas in Jilin Province based on the reality of economic development in Jilin and the imbalance of natural resources distribution. The strategy divides the nine central cities of Jilin Province into three economic circles. The outer economic circle, open circle, includes Yanbian, Baishan, Tonghua and Baicheng, covering the eastern and western parts of Jilin Province. The middle one includes Jilin, Liaoyuan, Siping and Songyuan. The inner one, centring as Changchun, includes Gongzhuling, Yitong, Nong'an, Jiutai and Dehui. It needs to centre as Changchun which has the good foundation of economic development and more economic increase, then by economic effect extending out gradually, other areas develop subsequently. To construct Jilin as a green ecological province, cultivation in the outer circle should be controlled, with the main aim to recover grassland. Large population should be moved to other places by developing labor economy. From economy and ecology, to decrease the load of the land can reduce the loss of the resources and benefit the balance of ecology. Subsequently, the whole province's economy will be developed sustainably.

  2. Epidemiology of cancer in Mazandaran province 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faezeh Norouzi Nejad1

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available (Received 11 April, 2009 ; Accepted 8 July, 2009AbstractBackground and purpose: Cancer is the second most common cause of death in developed countries and third in less developed countries. The incidence of the different histological types of cancer varies greatly between various populations and is attributed to occupational, social, cultural, racial, and geographic influences. The objective of this study was to determine and register all cases of cancer among population of Mazandaran province, during the year of .Materials and methods: Characteristics of all registered malignancies were obtained from records in histopathology and radiology clinical, hospitals and deaths certificated in Mazandaran using the International Classification of Disease (ICD, with data being analyzed using ASR, Excel and spss soft ware.Results: A total of . patients with cancers were found during this study. These, .. were males and . (.% females. Age standardized rate (ASR for all cancers in males and females were 1. and . Respectively. The most common malignancies among females were breast (. skin (., colon and rectum cancers (..In men, stomach (42.41, skin (. and esophagus (. were the most common cancers respectively. Infiltrating duct carcinoma, was the most common histopathological types of tumors (69. in breast cancer. The most common morphology in stomach cancer was adenocarcinoma, (..Conclusion: Distribution of malignant disorders in our population is different from other regions. Therefore, it appears necessary to have a valid health policy for prevention. Consequently, it is necessary to have a valid health policy for prevention and control of this problem.Key words: J Mazand Univ Med

  3. Political Ideology and Economic Freedom across Canadian Provinces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørnskov, Christian; Potrafke, Niklas

    This paper examines how political ideology influenced economic freedom in the Canadian provinces. We analyze the dataset of economic freedom indicators compiled by the Fraser Institute in 10 Canadian provinces over the 1981-2005 period and introduce two different indices of political ideology: go...... leftist and rightwing governments concerning the role of government in the economy and (2) indicates that ideological polarization concerns governments but less parliamentary fractions in the Canadian provinces. ......: government and parliament ideology. The results suggest that government ideology influenced labor market reforms: market-oriented governments promoted liberalization of the labor market. Parliamentary ideology did not influence economic liberalization at all. This finding (1) identifies differences between...

  4. Empirical Analysis of Agricultural Production Efficiency in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    This article analyses the agricultural production efficiency of all cities and areas in Shaanxi Province in the period 2006-2009 using data envelopment analysis method,and compares the agricultural production efficiency between all cities and areas.The results show that the agricultural production efficiency and scale efficiency of agriculture of Shaanxi Province are high on the whole,but the efficiency of agricultural technology is very low,agricultural development still relies on factor inputs,and the driving role of technological progress is not conspicuous.Finally the following countermeasures are put forward to promote agricultural productivity in Shaanxi Province:improve the construction of agricultural infrastructure,and increase agricultural input;accelerate the project of extending agricultural technology into households,and promote the conversion and use rate of agricultural scientific and technological achievements;establish and improve industrial system of agriculture,and speed up the building of various agricultural cooperative economic organizations.

  5. Contribution to the Tabanidae (Insecta: Diptera Fauna of Kayseri Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferhat Altunsoy

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available As a result of study in Kayseri province subfamily Pangonine depending 1 species, subfamily Chrysopsinae depending 3 species and subfamily Tabaninae depending 36 species. Totally 40 species, belonging Tabanidae were determined. The species Chrysops caecutiens, Atylotus fulvus, Atylotus loewianus, Hybomitra acuminata, Tabanus armeniacus, Tabanus atropathenicus, Tabanus autumnalis, Tabanus cordiger, Tabanus eggeri, Tabanus glaucopis, Tabanus holtzianus, Tabanus indrae, Tabanus prometheus, Tabanus quatuornatatus, Tabanus regularis, Tabanus rupium, Tabanus spodopterus, Tabanus tergestinus, Tabanus tinctus, Haematopota crassicornis, Haematopota grandis, Haematopota pallens, Haematopota subcylindrica, Dasyrhamphis carbonarius and Philipomyia aprica are the first records for this province. The total number of determined species in Kayseri province reaches to 42 with the result of this study and the previous studies.

  6. [Malignant pustule in province of Milan, Italy (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gelosa, L

    1978-01-01

    Preliminary the statistical data are reported about human malignant pustule denounced in Italy in different Districts, in Lombardia and in Province of Milan. Correlatively the outbreaks and cases of haematic anthrax in animals declared in Italy, in different Districts, in Lombardia and in Province of Milan. Then the outbreaks of malignant pustule in Province of Milan are related in 1975-1977 period in the resident population where is considerable concentration of the leather manufactures. The epidemiological and microbiological researches have determined the relation among the outbreak of malignant pustule and the working of the hides imported from African Countries (Nigeria, Tanzania, Ethiopia, South Africa, Burundi-Kenya, Uganda) containing the spores of b. anthrax. The spores besides to cause infections of the workmen employed in the hide manufacture (industrial anthrax) through the effluents and solid refuses from the tanneries, are dispended upon the tiled ground and determine outbreak the haematic anthrax in the animals and agricultural coutaneus anthrax in the men.

  7. Health Technology Assessment of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yueze Liu; Jianwen Cao; Zuxun Lu

    2004-01-01

    Assess the current status of MRI in Shanxi province by health technology assessment method to provide suggestion and guidelines for future government decisions on the procurement and installation of new high-tech medical equipments. All of the 21 hospitals installed MRIs were surveyed.The results showed that 1 ) Diffusion of MRI is consistent with the economic development in different regional districts and hospital levels in Shanxi province. 2) There are better monetary returns of MRI in higher level hospitals than lower level hospitals. 3) Most MRIs in Shanxi province had been running at a loss, and the first class tertiary level hospitals had been making profit from providing MRI services to patients. 4) Better cost-benefit accorded with higher hospital level, more patients serviced etc. 5 ) The biggest investment risk is the initial purchase and installation of MRI. 6) Positive rates and veracity of MRI diagnosis were higher. 7) MRI is a safe equipment.

  8. The Mycetophagidae (Coleoptera of the Maritime Provinces of Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Majka

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The Mycetophagidae (hairy fungus beetles of the Maritime Provinces of Canada are surveyed. Seven species in the genera Mycetophagus, Litargus, and Typhaea are found in the region. Six new provincial records are reported including Mycetophagus punctatus and Mycetophagus flexuosus, whichare newly recorded in the Maritime Provinces. The distribution of all species is mapped, colour habitus photographs of all species are figured, and an identification key to species is provided. The discussion notes that four of the species found in the region are apparently rare, possibly due to the history of forest management practices in the region; a situation similar to that of a significant proportion of other saproxylic beetles found in the Maritime Provinces.

  9. The application of environmental certification to the Province of Siena.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ridolfi, R; Andreis, D; Panzieri, M; Ceccherini, F

    2008-01-01

    The SPIn-Eco project has provided very broad and precise data collection regarding the Province of Siena. These data and their elaborations have also been developed as a basis for the environmental certification of this organization. In this way, the Administration of the Province of Siena (the first Province in Italy) has reached its goal of obtaining better knowledge of the state of the system and of constructing its environmental management system (EMS) according to the environmental aspects directly and indirectly arising from the organization's activities. Indirect aspects are mainly related to the territorial monitoring and planning. Indicators based on the classical pressure-state-response approach, as well as more complex ones based on CO(2) balance, emergy and ecological footprint analyses, have been used to assess the environmental performance of the EMS. This paper presents how this EMS is constructed, as well as the indicators that are used to analyze the system, paying particular attention to sustainability indicators.

  10. Thermodynamic analysis of the province of Ravenna (Italy).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bastianoni, Simone; Marchettini, Nadia; Panzieri, Margherita; Ridolfi, Roberto

    2002-09-01

    This is a thermodynamic analysis of the Province of Ravenna (Italy) and its districts (Ravenna, Faenza and Lugo) and an evaluation of entropy waste production based on a balance sheet of greenhouse gases. The method used is energy analysis. The results show that the Province and Ravenna are characterized by a heavy exploitation of local non renewable resources, Faenza strikes a good balance between economic development and environment conservation and Lugo is less sustainable than the others. The greenhouse gas balance shows that the Province emits 10.5 times the quantity of greenhouse gases that it adsorbs and that the emissions reduction is required in the energy sector, which is responsible for 92% of the total.

  11. Note on Cladonia species (lichenized Ascomycota from Ardahan province (Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Osyczka

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper is the first report on Cladonia species from Ardahan, a north-eastern province of Turkey. A circumpolar boreal-low arctic species, Cladonia acuminata, rarely reported from Asia, and the recently described Cladonia monomorpha are reported as new for Turkey. Their detailed descriptions and taxonomical remarks are provided. Localities of other ascertained Cladonia species in the province supplement the knowledge of their distribution patterns in the country. In addition, the typically corticolous/lignicolous species Vulpicida pinastri is mentioned as also growing on primary squamules and podetia of C. pyxidata.

  12. Formal and Informal Rural Credit in Four Provinces of Vietnam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barslund, Mikkel Christoffer; Tarp, Finn

    This paper uses a survey of 932 rural households to uncover how the rural credit market operates in four provinces of Vietnam. Households obtain credit through formal and informal lenders. Formal loans are almost entirely for production and asset accumulation, while informal loans are used for co...... are striking. A ‘one size fits all' approach to credit policy in Vietnam would be inappropriate......This paper uses a survey of 932 rural households to uncover how the rural credit market operates in four provinces of Vietnam. Households obtain credit through formal and informal lenders. Formal loans are almost entirely for production and asset accumulation, while informal loans are used...

  13. Quaternary basaltic volcanism in the Payenia volcanic province, Argentina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søager, Nina

    The extensive Quaternary volcanism in the Payenia volcanic province, Mendoza, Argentina, is investigated in this study by major and trace element analyses, Sr, Nd, Hf and Pb-isotopic analyses and Zr-Hf isotope dilution data on samples from almost the entire province. The samples are mainly...... in basalts from all the studied volcanic fields in Payenia is signs of lower crustal contamination indicating assimilation of, in some cases, large amounts of trace element depleted, mafic, plagioclase-bearing rocks. The northern Payenia is dominated by backarc basalts erupted between late Pliocene to late...

  14. RTG resource book for western states and provinces: Final proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-12-31

    The Western Interstate Energy Board held a workshop and liaison activities among western states, provinces, and utilities on the formation of Regional Transmission Groups (RTGs). Purpose of the activities was to examine the policy implications for western states and provinces in the formation of RTGs in the West, the implications for western ratepayers and utilities of the RTG formation and potential impacts of RTGs on the western electricity system. The workshop contributed to fulfilling the transmission access and competition objectives of Title VII of the Energy Policy Act of 1992.

  15. Genetic diversity of Tricholoma matsutake in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHA Tao; ZHANG HanBo; DING HuaSun; LI ZongJu; CHENG LiZhong; ZHAO ZhiWei; ZHANG YaPing

    2007-01-01

    To investigate the genetic diversity of Tricholoma matsutake, we studied ITS and IGS1 sequences and PCR polymorphism of a retrotransposon in 56 fruit bodies collected from 13 counties of 9 regions in Yunnan Province. We found one and three haplotypes based on ITS and IGS1 sequences, respectively.Moreover, there was no significant difference in PCR polymorphism of the retrotransposon among different populations. Compared with Jilin Province (China) and Japanese populations, although Yunnan was highly homogenous to Japanese populations, Iow genetic diversity of T. matsutake in Yunnan did not support the view that this species originated from Yunnan.

  16. Empirical Analysis on the Determinants of Economic Growth in Shaanxi Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Status of economic development in Shaanxi Province is analyzed, showing that Shaanxi Province has achieved the fast and stable economic growth; and total GDP and fixed assets investment have shown a sustainable growth. According to the time series statistics of Shaanxi Province in the years 1978-2008, Cobb-Douglas Function is used to carry out the empirical analysis on the contribution of fixed assets investment and labor input to economic growth of Shaanxi Province, China. Result shows that capital and labor input are the major driving forces for the economic growth of Shaanxi Province. In other words, economic growth mode of Shaanxi Province is still extensive. Economic growth of Shaanxi Province is increasingly dependent on capital investment and technological progress. Contribution rates of capital and labor to economic growth are 66.9% and 33.1%, respectively. Therefore, investment is a source of economic growth in Shaanxi Province through the reform and opening up in the last three decades.

  17. Geologic Provinces of the Former Soviet Union, 2000 (prv1ec)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — These data represent geologic and petroleum provinces interpreted and designated by the authors and based on numerous literature and map resources. Geologic province...

  18. Study on the Driving Forces of Rocky Desertification in Guizhou Province Based on Variation Coefficient Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to study the driving forces of rocky desertification in Guizhou Province. [Method] Based on GIS and RS technology, the main driving forces of rocky desertification in Guizhou Province were analyzed by means of correlation analysis and variation coefficient method, and then the distribution of rocky desertification in Guizhou Province was assessed synthetically. [Result] The main driving forces of rocky desertification in Guizhou Province were vegetation cover, rainfall, peasant incom...

  19. Actuality and Influencing Factors of Integrated Production Capacity of Foodstuff in Heilongjiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou Hui-qiu; Zhang De-hua

    2012-01-01

    Heilongjiang Province is an important marketable grain depot in China. Since the reform and opening up, Heilongjiang Province production capacity of foodstuff is increasingly growing into a new level. This paper started with the actuality of Heilongjiang Province integrated production capacity of foodstuff, and analyzed its major factors empirically through the mathematical model, then proposed some measures to enhance Heilongjiang Province production capacity of foodstuff which ensured China foodstuff security

  20. 自制中药洗剂对外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病患者阴道内致病菌及正常菌抑制情况的研究%The Study of Compound BaiShe Lotion on Inhibition of Pathogenic Bacteria and Bacillus Lacticus in Patients with Vulvovaginal Candidiasis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祝秀芝; 宁玉梅; 余姬文; 张永为; 李瑞兰

    2011-01-01

    目的:研究自制复方百蛇洗剂对外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病(VVC)患者阴道内假丝酵母菌及乳酸杆菌的抑制情况.方法:取门诊就诊的60例VVC妇女阴道分泌物,培养分离假丝酵母菌及乳酸杆菌,对自制复方百蛇洗剂用肉汤倍比稀释法对临床分离的假丝酵母菌做最低抑菌浓度(The minimum inhibitory concertration,MIC)测定,同时观察在相同浓度下本洗荆对乳酸杆菌的作用.结果:复方百蛇洗剂对假丝酵母菌的最低抑菌浓度为0.5g/mL,在同样浓度下本洗剂对乳酸杆菌没有明显抑制作用.结论:复方白蛇洗剂对感染女性下生殖道白假丝酵母菌有明显抑制作用的同时对阴道正常菌乳酸杆菌没有抑制作用,本洗剂对临床治疗外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病及反复发作的外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病提供了可靠的理论依据.%Objective: To investigate Compound BaiShe Lotion on inhibition of pathogenic bacteria and bacillus lacticus in patients with Vulvovaginal candidiasis.Methods: Candida and bacillus lacticus were separately cultured from the vaginal discharge of 60women with vulv - ovaginal candidiasis in clinic, Compound Baishe Lotion was diluted by bouillon ,The minimum inhibitory concertration of Candida detached from clinic were detected by doubling dilution.meanwhile observe the effect of Compound Baishe Lotion on bacillus lacticus in the same density.Results: the minimum inhibitory concertration of Compound Baishe Lotion on Candida is 0.5g/mL,but for bacillus lacticus , it has no obvious depressant effect under the same density.Conclusions: Compound Baishe Lotion can effectively slay the Candida in female genital tract ,but no inhibition to the normal bacteria bacillus lacticus ,then provides the reliable theory basis for the treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis and recurrent Candida infection in clinical practice.

  1. The marine mollusk fauna of the Virginian area as a basis for defining Zoogeographical provinces

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coomans, H.E.

    1962-01-01

    The marine fauna of the American Atlantic coast between Cape Cod and Cape Hatteras, the Virginian area, is placed by zoogeographers in different provinces: in the Transatlantic, or in the Boreal province. It is sometimes considered to be a province of its own, or only a transition between the Boreal

  2. China's Most Populous Province to Ban Fetus Sex Identification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Henan, the most populous province in central China,is plagued by an excessively high sex ratio imbalance at birth in certain parts of the province. To ameliorate the situation, the province will enact regulations to ban non-medically necessary fetus gender identification and sex-selective abortions.

  3. The Emeishan large igneous province: A synthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Gregory Shellnutt

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The late Permian Emeishan large igneous province (ELIP covers ∼0.3 × 106 km2 of the western margin of the Yangtze Block and Tibetan Plateau with displaced, correlative units in northern Vietnam (Song Da zone. The ELIP is of particular interest because it contains numerous world-class base metal deposits and is contemporaneous with the late Capitanian (∼260 Ma mass extinction. The flood basalts are the signature feature of the ELIP but there are also ultramafic and silicic volcanic rocks and layered mafic-ultramafic and silicic plutonic rocks exposed. The ELIP is divided into three nearly concentric zones (i.e. inner, middle and outer which correspond to progressively thicker crust from the inner to the outer zone. The eruptive age of the ELIP is constrained by geological, paleomagnetic and geochronological evidence to an interval of ≤3 Ma. The presence of picritic rocks and thick piles of flood basalts testifies to high temperature thermal regime however there is uncertainty as to whether these magmas were derived from the subcontinental lithospheric mantle or sub-lithospheric mantle (i.e. asthenosphere or mantle plume sources or both. The range of Sr (ISr ≈ 0.7040–0.7132, Nd (ɛNd(t ≈ −14 to +8, Pb (206Pb/204Pb1 ≈ 17.9–20.6 and Os (γOs ≈ −5 to +11 isotope values of the ultramafic and mafic rocks does not permit a conclusive answer to ultimate source origin of the primitive rocks but it is clear that some rocks were affected by crustal contamination and the presence of near-depleted isotope compositions suggests that there is a sub-lithospheric mantle component in the system. The silicic rocks are derived by basaltic magmas/rocks through fractional crystallization or partial melting, crustal melting or by interactions between mafic and crustal melts. The formation of the Fe-Ti-V oxide-ore deposits is probably due to a combination of fractional crystallization of Ti-rich basalt and fluxing of CO2-rich fluids

  4. Some Environmental Consequences of Large Igneous Provinces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coffin, M. F.

    2009-12-01

    The formation of large igneous provinces (LIPs)—continental flood basalts, ‘volcanic’ margins, and oceanic plateaus—may impact the atmosphere, oceans, and biosphere by rapidly releasing huge amounts of particulates, magmatic volatiles (CO2, SO2, Cl, F, etc.), and potentially volatiles (CO2, CH4, SO2, etc.) from intruded sediments (e.g., carbonates, organic-rich shales, evaporites). A key factor affecting the magnitude of volatile release is whether eruptions are subaerial or marine; hydrostatic pressure inhibits vesiculation and degassing of relatively soluble volatile components (H2O, S, Cl, F) in deep water submarine eruptions, although low solubility components (CO2, noble gases) are mostly degassed even at abyssal depths. Directly or indirectly, such injections may cause changes in the atmosphere/ocean system that can lead to perturbations of atmosphere/ocean chemistry, circulation, ecology, and biological productivity. These changes can be global in extent, particularly if environmental conditions were at or near a threshold state or tipping point. LIPs may have been responsible for some of the most dramatic and rapid changes in the global environment. For example, between ~145 and ~50 Ma, the global ocean was characterized by chemical and isotopic variations (especially in C and Sr isotope ratios, trace metal concentrations, and biocalcification), relatively high temperatures, high relative sea level, episodic deposition of black shales (oceanic anoxic events), high production of hydrocarbons, mass extinctions of marine organisms, and radiations of marine flora and fauna. Temporal correlations between the intense pulses of igneous activity associated with LIP formation and environmental changes suggest more than pure coincidence. The 1783-84 eruption of Laki on Iceland provides the only historical record of the type of volcanism that constructs transient LIPs. Although Laki produced a basaltic lava flow representing only ~1% of the volume of a typical

  5. 基于肠“神经-免疫”网络的白术茯苓汤不同配比干预脾气虚型克罗恩病机制研究的探讨%Exploration and Discussion on Mechanisms of Different Proportional Compatibility ofBai-Zhu Fu-Ling Decoction Interfering Spleen-QiDeficiency Crohn's Disease by Intestinal Nerve-immune Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘兴隆; 李晓红; 岳美颖; 钟强; 贾波; 闫华; 祝捷; 张丰华; 彭腾; 姜岑; 林薇; 莫书容

    2014-01-01

    s: The onset of Crohn’s disease (CD) is the interaction of environment, heredity, infection, immune and other factors. It is also closely related to abnormal immune functions. Without special treatment, CD is identified as a modern refractory disease. By syndrome differentiation and treatment, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) can effectively relieve disease conditions, improve the quality of life and reduce side effects of modern medication. The core compatibility ofBai-Zhu andFu-Ling can reinforce spleen-qi and dispel dampness, which met the common pathogenesis of CD. Therefore, the combination is comprehensively used in the compound prescription. Our previous study found thatBai-Zhu Fu-Ling decoctioncan reduce the vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) of animal model of spleen-qi deficiency, downregulate VIP receptors, decrease the affinity of VIP receptors and improve animal model’s sIgA. To further clarify the effects about neurotransmitters and their correlation with the immune system in the pathogenesis of CD and the intervention mechanism treated by different proportional compatibility ofBai-Zhu Fu-Ling decoction, we studied influences of the decoction on related transmitters of nerve- immune network and functions of receptors, as well as cytokine secretion and signal transduction of TLR4-NF-κB. Our studies can provide references and foundations to further explore TCM treatment of CD.%克罗恩病(CD)的发生与环境、遗传、感染和免疫等多种因素相关,因缺乏特异性治疗措施,是现代难治性疾病之一。中医通过辨证论治,可以有效缓解病情、改善生存质量、减轻西药的副作用。白术、茯苓配伍正好契合CD脾虚夹湿的常见病机,是治疗CD的核心配伍结构。前期研究显示白术茯苓汤可降低脾虚模型VIP、下调VIP受体、升高sIgA。为进一步明确神经递质及其与免疫系统的相互关联在CD发病中的作用及该方不同配比的干预机制,

  6. Genotyping Cryptosporidium andersoni in cattle in Shaanxi Province, Northwestern China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guang-Hui Zhao

    Full Text Available The present study examined the prevalence and genotypes of Cryptosporidium andersoni in cattle in Shaanxi province, China. A total of 2071 fecal samples (847 from Qinchuan cattle and 1224 from dairy cattle were examined for the presence of Cryptosporidium oocysts, and 70 samples (3.4% were C. andersoni-positive and those positive samples were identified by PCR amplification of the small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA and the Cryptosporidium oocyst wall protein (COWP genes. C. andersoni was the only species found in the examined cattle in this province. Fifty-seven C. andersoni isolates were characterized into 5 MLST subtypes using multilocus sequence typing analysis, including a new subtype in the native beef breed Qinchuan cattle. All of these C. andersoni isolates presented a clonal genetic structure. These findings provide new insights into the genetic structure of C. andersoni isolates in Shaanxi province and basic data of Cryptosporidium prevalence status, which in turn have implications for controlling cryptosporidiosis in this province.

  7. Rice quality in relation to market prices in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENLijuan; FANXingming

    1996-01-01

    Factors affecting rice quality and their impacts on market price were investigated in this study. On-farm survey and market survey was undertaken in three selected sites namely Kunruing, Dali, and Xishuangbanna in Yunnan Province, China. Market sampling was conducted to determine important rice quality characteristics.

  8. From Friendship Provinces to University Teacher/Student Exchange

    OpenAIRE

    Kao-Walter, Sharon; Huang, Yayu

    2009-01-01

    The establishment of the province friendship between Blekinge (Sweden) and Yunnan (China) has lead to a coperation agreement between two local Universities: Blekinge Institute of Technology and Kunming University of Science and Technology. It leads to the development of the cooperation of two provices in the fields of culture, business and education.

  9. Epidemiology of malt fever in Kermanshah province in 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yazdan Hamzavi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Brucellosis is a zoonotic, chronic and infectious disease in many developing countries, including Iran. This study investigated some of the epidemiological features of the disease in Kermanshah province in 2011. Methods: In this descriptive study, all of the patients with brucellosis reported to the health center of the province during the year 2011 were studied. The demographic and some epidemiologic parameters of the disease were recorded in the questionnaires. All collected data were analyzed using SPSS (version19 software. Results: Totally, 777 cases of brucellosis were reported to the health center of the province in 2011. The lowest incidence of brucellosis in the province was 40.8/100000 .The highest and lowest incidence rates were seen in Dalahoo (215.2/100 000 and Javanrood (12.6/100 000 districts, respectively. 47.4% of the patients were female and about half of the patients were under 30 years old. Raw milk was the most common cause of the disease consumed by 81.9% of the cases. Also, 87.6% of the patients were living in rural areas and the peak of disease was seen in the spring and summer months. Conclusion: Despite the significant reduction, it seems that the incidence of disease in some rural areas of the districts such as Dalahoo and Sarpol-e-Zahab are very high.

  10. A biogenic volatile organic compounds emission inventory for Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Zhi-hui; BAI Yu-hua; ZHANG Shu-yu

    2005-01-01

    The first detailed inventory for volatile organic compounds(VOC) emissions from vegetation over Yunnan Province, China was presented. The spatially and temporally resolved inventory was developed based on a geographic information system (GIS), remote sensing(RS) data and field measurement data, such as digitized land-use data, normalized difference vegetation index (NDVl) and temperature data from direct real-time measurement. The inventory has a spatial resolution of 5 km × 5 km and a time resolution of 1 h.Urban, agriculture, and natural land-use distributions in Yunnan Province were combined with biomass factors for each land-use category to produce a spatially resolved biomass inventory. A biogenic emission inventory was developed by combining the biomass inventory with hourly emission rates for tree, shrub and ground cover species of the study area. Correcting for environmental factors, including light intensity and temperature, a value of 1.1 × 1012 gC for total annual biogenic VOC emissions from Yunnan Province, including 6.1 × 1011 gCfor isoprene, 2.1 × 1011 gC for monoterpenes, and 2.6 × 1011 gC for OVOC was obtained. The highest VOC emissions occurred in the northwestern, southwestern and north region of Yunnan Province. Some uncertainties were also discussed in this study.

  11. [Epidemiology of caprine and ovine brucellosis in Formosa province, Argentina].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russo, Ana M; Mancebo, Orlando A; Monzón, Carlos M; Gait, Juan J; Casco, Rubén D; Torioni de Echaide, Susana M

    2016-01-01

    An epidemiological study of brucellosis was carried out in 516 goats and mixed flocks (goat/sheep) from the three agro-ecological regions of Formosa province, Argentina. Serum samples from a total of 25401 goats and 2453 sheeps were analyzed using buffered plate agglutination test (BPAT) and complement fixation test (CFT). Bacteriological and PCR analyses on milk samples from goats in three flocks with a history of brucellosis and recent abortions were also performed. Brucellosis was detected in four of the nine departments of the province with an overall prevalence of 2% and an intra-flock prevalence ranging between 1% and 40%. The proportion of infected flocks was 3.6%, 12% and 36% for the eastern, central and western regions, respectively. Brucella melitensis bv. 1 was isolated efrom goats for the first time in the province. The expected fragments of 827bp from the omp2ab gene (Brucella spp.) and 731bp from the insert IS711 (B. melitensis) were amplified by PCR. Detection of antibodies by BPAT and FCT in sheep cohabiting with goats suggests that infections could have been caused by B. melitensis, posing an additional risk to public health. Control and eradication programs for brucellosis should consider mixed flocks as a single epidemiological unit. The results indicate that brucellosis by B. melitensis bv1 is highly endemic in the central and western regions of Formosa province.

  12. Economic and nutritional conditions at settlement schemes in Coast Province

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoorweg, J.

    1991-01-01

    This report is concerned with land distribution and rural development and presents the final results of a survey carried out in 1985-1986 in four settlement schemes: Diani and Ukunda in Kwale District and Roka and Mtwapa in Kilifi District, Coast Province, Kenya. In each scheme 100 households were v

  13. Nutritional aspects of rice cultivation in Nyanza province, Kenya

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Niemeijer, R.

    1985-01-01

    Leiden [etc.] : African Studies Centre [etc.] (FNSP Report, no. 14), p. 156, 1985.Based on a survey conducted in 1984, the authors discuss the nutritional conditions prevailing among farming households engaged in irrigated rice cultivation in the Kano plain, Nyanza Province, Kenya. The survey covere

  14. Peste des petits ruminants virus in Heilongjiang province, China, 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jingfei; Wang, Miao; Wang, Shida; Liu, Zaisi; Shen, Nan; Si, Wei; Sun, Gang; Drewe, Julian A; Cai, Xuehui

    2015-04-01

    During March 25-May 5, 2014, we investigated 11 outbreaks of peste des petits ruminants in Heilongjiang Province, China. We found that the most likely source of the outbreaks was animals from livestock markets in Shandong. Peste des petits ruminants viruses belonging to lineages II and IV were detected in sick animals.

  15. [Preliminary investigation on Paragonimus in Lvchun county of Yunnan province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Bin-Bin; Zhou, Ben-Jiang; Li, Ru-Qing; Bai, Zhong-Wen; Wu, Ou-Bao; Gao, Xiu-Fang

    2007-12-01

    69 crabs were collected from Daxing, Gekui and Niukong townships of Lvchun county, Yunnan Province in 2006 and excysted metacercariae were only obtained from crabs of Niukong. The infection rate was 27.6% (8/29) with an average metacercaria number of 2.25 each crab. No encysted metacercariae were found. The excysted metacercariae were morphologically identified as Paragonimus proliferus.

  16. Identification of mantle plumes in the Emeishan Large Igneous Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yi-Gang Xu; Jifeng Xu; Yue-Jun Wang; Bin He; Xiaolong Huang; Zhenyu Luo; Sun-Lin Chung; Long Xiao; Dan Zhu; Hui Shao; Wei-Ming Fan

    2007-01-01

    @@ The plume hypothesis has been recently challengedlargely because some fundamental aspects predicted bythe modeling of plumes are found to be lacking in someclassic hotspot regions. This review paper summarizesrecent achievements made in the late Permian Emeishan continental flood basalt province in southwest China.

  17. Artifacts Attest to the Glorious Ancient Culture of Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JANE; SHAW

    1995-01-01

    HUNAN is located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and to the south of Dongting Lake. In Chinese, hu means lake and nan, south. The Xiangjiang River valley, which flows through the province from south to north, is the most developed region in the areas of politics, the economy and culture. Thus, Hunan is also called Xiang for short.

  18. Textile & Garment Export Situation from five Provinces in Nov

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Guangdong:The Decline Trend of Export Growth Rate Slowered In the first 11 months of 2008,the export of textile and garment in Guangdong province reached 30.8 billion USD,down 19.7%on the same periond of previous

  19. Large-Scale Survey for Tickborne Bacteria, Khammouan Province, Laos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vongphayloth, Khamsing; Vongsouvath, Malavanh; Grandadam, Marc; Brey, Paul T.; Newton, Paul N.; Sutherland, Ian W.; Dittrich, Sabine

    2016-01-01

    We screened 768 tick pools containing 6,962 ticks from Khammouan Province, Laos, by using quantitative real-time PCR and identified Rickettsia spp., Ehrlichia spp., and Borrelia spp. Sequencing of Rickettsia spp.–positive and Borrelia spp.–positive pools provided evidence for distinct genotypes. Our results identified bacteria with human disease potential in ticks in Laos. PMID:27532491

  20. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (Glomeromycota of soils of the Lubuskie province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sławomir Kowalczyk

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the year 2003, the occurrence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF of the phylum Glomeromycota in cultivated and uncultivated soils of the Lubuskie province was investigated. The occurrence of AMF was examined based on 56 root and rhizosphere soils collected under 7 species of cultivated and uncultivated plants growing in 28 localities. Spores of AMF were isolated from both field-collected samples and trap cultures. They were revealed in 100% of field soils and 93.8% of trap cultures and represented 7 of the 8 recognized genera of the Glomeromycota. The arbuscular fungi occurring distinctly more frequently in the soil and root samples examined were members of the genus Glomus. The species of AMF most frequently occurring in cultivated soils of the Lubuskie province were G. claroideum, G. constrictum, G. deserticola and G. mosseae, whereas G. claroideum, G. constrictum, G. deserticola, G. mosseae, and S. dipurpurescens were more frequently found in uncultivated sites. The analysis of similarity of the species composition of AMF populations in sites of the Lubuskie province and the Western Pomeranian province earlier examined showed that (1 the occurrence in Poland of most taxa of these fungi detected in the study presented here is even and does not change with time, (2 the communities of AMF area are stable, despite the arduousness resulting from the agricultural and chemical practices conducted, and (3 the species diversity of the plants cultivated in a long period of time has no influence on the species composition of populations of AMF.

  1. Child Maltreatment among School Children in the Kurdistan Province, Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephenson, Rob; Sheikhattari, Payam; Assasi, Nazilla; Eftekhar, Hassan; Zamani, Qasem; Maleki, Bahram; Kiabayan, Hamid

    2006-01-01

    Objective: This study examines the determinants of three types of child maltreatment: physical maltreatment, mental maltreatment, and child neglect among school children in the Kurdistan Province of Iran. The analysis examines the impact of socioeconomic, familial, demographic, and household dynamic factors on the three child maltreatment…

  2. Malaria Epidemiology in Mersin Province, Turkey from 2002 to 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M F AYDIN

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Malaria is an infectious disease caused by Plasmodium spp. with high morbidity and mortality in human in tropical and subtropical regions. In recent years, number of malaria cases has been significantly reduced because of fight with the disease in Turkey. This study intended to investigate the malaria epidemiology in Mersin Province from 2002 to 2011 using data from the provincial Public Health Directorate.Methods: Over ten years, 303573 blood samples were taken from the people by active and passive surveillance methods and blood smears were prepared. Smears were stained with Giemsa and examined under the microscope.Results: Totally, 73 people including 44 male and 29 female were positive in terms of Plasmodium spp. It was determined that P. vivax observed in 67 cases while P. falciparum in 6 cases. Cases were mainly observed in 15 to 44 years old range, showed an increase between June-September periods and a significant decrease after 2006. Out of the 73 malaria cases, 54 cases were from Mersin Province and 13 cases were imported from another province of Turkey. Six cases were transmitted from abroad.Conclusion: These results provide information about malaria epidemiology in an endemic area in Turkey and contribute its prevention in Mersin Province

  3. Characterizing preventive activity in Camagüey province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernández, María

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the characteristic features of preventive activities within the System of Education at Camaguey province. This information herein gathers results from a research investigation project and might be of interest for teachers, principals and investigators as a professional tool.

  4. Remediation of Legacy Arsenic Mining Areas in Yunnan Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian H. von Lindern

    2011-01-01

    Conclusions. The success of the demonstration project was recognized and has provided direction and momentum for a wider effort by the Province to address mining pollution and water contamination challenges. It demonstrates the success of using known techniques for environmental remediation in the US, with local partners in China responding to their communities’ health and environmental problems.

  5. An Epidemiological Study of Psychiatric Disorders in Hamadan Province , 2001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.R. Mohammadi

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available The burden of psychiatric disorders in the developed countries has been identified by the screening questionnaires and standard clinical interviews at a high level, but the epidemiological studies of psychiatric disorders in our country are brief and their numbers are few. Planning for providing essential mental health services to the people requires us to be knowledgeable about the present status of psychiatric disorders in the society. The objective of this research was to carry out the epidemiological study of the psychiatric disorders in the individuals 18 years and above in urban and rural areas of Hamadan province. 664 individuals selected through randomized clustered and systematic sampling methods among the existing families of Hamadan province and the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia (SADS questionnaires completed by the clinical psychologist. The diagnosis of the disorders was based on DSM-IV classification criteria.The results of the study showed that the overall prevalence of psychiatric disorders in the province was 11.28% (17.2% in women , 5.8% in men. The anxiety and mood disorders with 5.87 and 2.71% respectively had the highest prevalence in the province. The prevalence of psychotic disorders in this study was 0.60% , neuro- cognitive disorders 1.35% and dissociative disorders 0.75%. In the group of mood disorders, major depression with 2.56% and in the group of anxiety disorders, phobia with 2.56% had the higher prevalence. This study showed that 8.13% of studied individuals suffered from at least one of the psychiatric disorders. The prevalence of psychiatric disorders in the province among the individuals in the age group of 66 years and above was 13.33%, individuals whose spouses had passed away 18.75%, urban residents of province 9.81%, illiterate individuals 12.80% and housewife individuals 12.31% was more than other individuals in the sample. Being aware of this matter reveals the responsibility of the

  6. Seroprevalence of Toxocariasis in Children in East- Azerbaijan Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yagoob Garedaghi

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Toxocariasis is a zoonotic disease caused by the ascarid of dogs and cats, the main representative of which is a Toxocara canis. Distribution of the disease is world wide and is more prevalent in children. The present study was carried out in children of East Azerbaijan Province, Iran, to determine the toxocariasis seropositivity. Material and Methods: For the present seroepidemiological study, blood samples were collected at random from children of all the five districts of the East Azerbaijan Province. A total of 336 children, 187 males and 149 females in age group of 0-15 years were selected for the present study. ELISA was used for detection of IgG antibodies against Toxocara excretory secretary antigen. A questionnaire interview was conducted to obtain the data concerning their age, sex and habits. The particular points in the questionnaire asked were recorded on the format right on the spot. Results: Gender was found to be a significant risk factor for the Toxocara infection in children population. Male children were found more infected (41.71% as compared to females (24.16%. The total seroprevalence of T. canis antibodies in children of East Azerbaijan Province was 29.46 %. The risk factors that were found associated with the infection of toxocariasis in children population of East Azerbaijan Province include family back ground, status of living conditions, awareness, etc. Conclusion: The present study reveals high prevalence of T. canis infection in children of East Azerbaijan Province. It is important to raise the awareness of health professionals, public and educators to the fact that toxocariasis is a public health problem. Health promotion by means of a school based educational approach, diagnosis and continuous programme of treatment are necessary. [Cukurova Med J 2013; 38(4.000: 581-586

  7. 电针百会、风府穴对脑I/R损伤大鼠海马区CPG15表达影响的实验研究%Effects of Eiectroacupuncture Bai Hui, Feng Fu on CPG15 Expression of Hippocampus in Rats with Cerebral Ischemic Reperfusion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐晓敏; 秦正玉; 何宗宝; 王家琳; 吴生兵; 汪克明

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨电针对局灶性脑缺血再灌注大鼠神经功能的恢复及海马区神经可塑性相关基因15(CPG15)表达影响的情况.方法 60只SD大鼠,雌雄各半,随机分为正常对照组、模型组、电针经穴组、电针非经穴组、西药对照组.采用线栓法制备局灶性脑缺血再灌注模型,电针经穴组电针百会、风府穴,电针非经穴组电针大鼠臀部非经非穴位置,电针以疏波2Hz,强度3 mA~5mA,持续电针30 min,每天1次,连续治疗2周.西药对照组以尼莫地平20 mg/(kg·d)灌胃,每日2次,连续灌胃2周.2周后Longa5分法对大鼠神经功能缺损评分,并取材,运用免疫组化法检测大鼠缺血侧海马区CPG15表达情况.结果 模型组大鼠神经功能缺损评分及缺血侧海马区CPG15表达显著高于正常对照组(P<0.01);电针经穴组与西药治疗组大鼠神经功能评分及海马区CPG15表达差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),而与模型组比较,电针经穴组与西药治疗组神经功能评分及海马区CPG15表达均有统计学意义(P<0.01);电针非经穴组大鼠神经功能缺损评分及缺血侧海马区CPG15表达与模型组比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 电针可改善脑缺血再灌注大鼠神经功能,并提高海马区CPG15的表达,电针对脑缺血再灌注后脑细胞的神经可塑性有促进作用.%Objective To investigate the effects of electroacupuncture on canidate plasticity- related gene 15CCPG15) expression of hippocampus in rats with cerebral ischemic reperfusion(I/R). Methods Sixty sprague - dawley rats were randomly divided into normal group (group 1) ,cerebral ischemic reperfusion model group (group 2) .electroacupuncture on meridian acupoints group (group 3),electroacupuncture on non - meridian acupoints group (group 4) .and nimodiping group (group 5). Rat models with cerebral ischemia reperfusion were prepared by modified suture. Electroacupuncture was applied on Bai Hui(TV20) and .Feng Fu

  8. 白头翁汤正丁醇提取物对白念珠菌 VVC 临床株体外生物膜形成的抑制作用%The inhibitory effects of Butyl alcohol extract of BaiTouWeng decoction on biofilm formation of Candida albicans

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张梦翔; 陆克乔; 夏丹; 夏雪; 施高翔; 邵菁; 吴大强; 汪天明; 汪长中

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effects of Butyl alcohol extract of BaiTouWeng decoction (BAEB)on the biofilm formation of Candida albicans clinical strains isolated from vulvovaginal Candidiasis (VVC).Methods Microdilution meth-ods was used to determine the MIC.XTT reduction assay was applied to determine the SMIC80 .Time-kill curve method was applied to detect the effects of BAEB on living cells of Candida albicans .Crystal violet staining method was used to determine the biomass of the biofilm.Scanning electron microscopy (SEM)was applied to observe the morphological changes of the bio-film.Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM)was applied to determine the thickness of the biofilm.The quantification re-al-time PCR (qRT-PCR)was used to detect expression changes of genes (HSP90 ,UME6 and PES1 )of the biofilm treated by BAEB.Results The MICs of BAEB against C .albicans strains are determined as 64~256 μg/mL.The SMIC80 s of BAEB against the biofilm of C .albicans strains are determined as ≥1 024 μg/mL.Time-kill curve results indicate that BAEB has a promise antifungal effect at concentrations of 5 12 and 1 024 μg/mL.Crystal violet staining results show that the biomass of C .albicans is reduced by BAEB at 5 12 and 1 024 μg/mL.SEM results indicate that the formation of C .albicans biofilm carriers is inhibited by BAEB on different adhesion,and the morphol-ogy of biofilm is also affected by BAEB.The thickness of C .albicans biofilm is reduced by BAEB accord-ing to CLSM results.Furthermore,qRT-PCR results indicate that expression of UME6 is significantly down-regulated by BAEB at 256,5 12,1 024 μg/mL,and HSP90 is up-regulated at 5 12 and 1 024 μg/mL of BAEB,and PES1 is not affected by BAEB at any concentration.Conclusion BAEB inhibits effectively the biofilm formation of VVC strains of C . albicans .%目的:探讨白头翁汤正丁醇提取物(Butyl alcohol extract of Bai Tou Weng decoction,BAEB)对分离自外阴阴道念珠菌病(vulvovaginal candidiasis

  9. First description of Trypanosoma cruzi human infection in Esmeraldas province, Ecuador.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guevara, Ángel; Moreira, Juan; Criollo, Hipatia; Vivero, Sandra; Racines, Marcia; Cevallos, Varsovia; Prandi, Rosanna; Caicedo, Cynthia; Robinzon, Francisco; Anselmi, Mariella

    2014-08-06

    Chagas disease was described in Ecuador in 1930 in the province of Guayas and thereafter in various provinces. Triatomine were reported in the province of Esmeraldas but no human infection has been described. Here we report the first evidence that the disease does exist in the province of Esmeraldas. In indigenous Awá communities located in the northwest jungle of the Esmeraldas province, 144 individuals were tested using ELISA and PCR for T.cruzi of which 5 (3.47%) were positive. Twenty eight triatomine were collected, 27 were Triatoma dispar and 1 Pastrongylus rufotuberculatus, T.cruzi was detected in 11 (42.3%) of 26 insects.

  10. A Mesoproterozoic continental flood rhyolite province, the Gawler Ranges, Australia: the end member example of the Large Igneous Province clan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. J. Pankhurst

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Rhyolite and dacite lavas of the Mesoproterozoic upper Gawler Range Volcanics (GRV (>30 000 km3 preserved, South Australia, represent the remnants of one of the most voluminous felsic magmatic events preserved on Earth. Geophysical interpretation suggests eruption from a central cluster of feeder vents which supplied large-scale lobate flows >100 km in length. Pigeonite inversion thermometers indicate eruption temperatures of 950–1100 °C. The lavas are A-type in composition (e.g. high Ga/Al ratios and characterised by elevated primary halogen concentrations (~1600 ppm fluorine, ~400 ppm chlorine. These depolymerised the magma such that temperature-composition-volatile non-Arrhenian melt viscosity modelling suggests they had viscosities of <3.5 log η (Pa s. These physicochemical properties have led to the emplacement of a Large Rhyolite Province, which has affinities in emplacement style to Large Basaltic Provinces. The low viscosity of these felsic magmas has produced a unique igneous system on a scale which is either not present or poorly preserved elsewhere on the planet. The Gawler Range Volcanic Province represents the erupted portion of the felsic end member of the family of voluminous, rapidly emplaced terrestrial magmatic provinces.

  11. A mesoproterozoic continental flood rhyolite province, the Gawler Ranges, Australia: the end member example of the Large Igneous Province clan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. J. Pankhurst

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Rhyolite and dacite lavas of the Mesoproterozoic upper Gawler Range Volcanics (GRV (>30 000 km3 preserved, South Australia, represent the remnants of one of the most voluminous felsic magmatic events preserved on Earth. Geophysical interpretation suggests eruption from a central cluster of feeder vents which supplied large-scale lobate flows >100 km in length. Pigeonite inversion thermometers indicate eruption temperatures of 950–1100 °C. The lavas are A-type in composition (e.g. high Ga/Al ratios and characterised by elevated primary halogen concentrations (~1600 ppm Fluorine, ~400 ppm Chlorine. These depolymerised the magma such that temperature-composition-volatile non-Arrhenian melt viscosity modelling suggests they had viscosities of <3.5 log η (Pa s. These physicochemical properties have led to the emplacement of a Large Rhyolite Province, which has affinities in emplacement style to Large Basaltic Provinces. The low viscosity of these felsic magmas has produced a unique igneous system on a scale which is either not present or poorly preserved elsewhere on the planet. The Gawler Range Volcanic Province represents the erupted portion of the felsic end member of the family of voluminous, rapidly emplaced terrestrial magmatic provinces.

  12. Sediment provenance and province of the southern Yellow Sea: Evidence from light mineral

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANGKunshan; SHIXuefa; JIANGXiaoli

    2003-01-01

    The distribution for percent content of light mineral is divided in detail to emphasize distributional trends of higher and lower contents by using 222 samples of light mineral in the southern Yellow Sea. 5 mineral provinces are divided, and they are Ⅰ -north mineral province of the southern Yellow Sea, the sediment dominantly derived from the Yellow River; Ⅱ-mixed mineral province, the sediment derived from both the Yellow River and Yangtze River; Ⅲ-middle mineral province, the sediment derived mainly from the Yellow River and a part of sediment derived from Yangtze River; Ⅳ-province east of Yangtze River mouth, the sediment derived dominantly from Yangtze River; and Ⅴ-south mineral province, sediment was affected by relict sediment and modern sediment of Yangtze River. In this paper, the assemblage of dominant mineral and diagnostic mineral for the five provinces are discerned.

  13. Sediment provenance and province of the southern Yellow Sea: Evidence from light mineral

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    The distribution for percent content of light mineral is divided in detail to emphasize distributional trends of higher and lower contents by using 222 samples of light mineral in the southern Yellow Sea. 5 mineral provinces are divided, and they are Ⅰ-north mineral province of the southern Yellow Sea, the sediment dominantly derived from the Yellow River; Ⅱ-mixed mineral province, the sediment derived from both the Yellow River and Yangtze River; Ⅲ- middle mineral province, the sediment derived mainly from the Yellow River and a part of sediment derived from Yangtze River; Ⅳ-province east of Yangtze River mouth, the sediment derived dominantly from Yangtze River; and Ⅴ- south mineral province, sediment was affected by relict sediment and modern sediment of Yangtze River. In this paper, the assemblage of dominant mineral and diagnostic mineral for the five provinces are discerned.

  14. 数字省建设技术体系研究%Technology Framework of Digital Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    池天河; 王雷; 王钦敏; 陈崇成

    2003-01-01

    The construction of Digital Province and Digital City is the base and important factor of Digital Earth. During the construction of Digital Province,the technology framework of digital province is one of the key problems. This paper summarizes current construction status of digital province technology framework and content and key technology of digital fujian.

  15. “方言”和“语域”视角下的《百家讲坛》——以《刘心武揭秘》为例%“Dialect”and“Register”:Exploring the Lecturing Style of TV Pragram BaiJiaJiangTan Based on a Case Study of Liu Xin-wu’s Lecture on HongLouMeng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周巧琴

    2012-01-01

      The two important terms in systemic-functional linguistics”dialect”and“register”were recommended to describe lan⁃guage variations in different contexts. In turn, these two dimensions can be used to analyze the discousal features of langauge in certain context. Based on a case study of Liu Xin-wu’s lecture on Hong Lou Meng, this paper aims to explore the lecturing style of the TV program BaiJiaJiangTan.%  方言和语域是系统功能语言学中的重要概念,是用于在不同语境下描述语言变体的两个维度,反之,也可以从这两个维度来分析具体语境下的话语特点。该文以《刘心武揭秘红楼梦》讲座中的话语为例,结合方言和语域这两个维度,对《百家讲坛》的说课风格进行探佚。

  16. Demand Response in the West: Lessons for States and Provinces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Douglas C. Larson; Matt Lowry; Sharon Irwin

    2004-06-29

    OAK-B135 This paper is submitted in fulfillment of DOE Grant No. DE-FG03-015F22369 on the experience of western states/provinces with demand response (DR) in the electricity sector. Demand-side resources are often overlooked as a viable option for meeting load growth and addressing the challenges posed by the region's aging transmission system. Western states should work together with utilities and grid operators to facilitate the further deployment of DR programs which can provide benefits in the form of decreased grid congestion, improved system reliability, market efficiency, price stabilization, hedging against volatile fuel prices and reduced environmental impacts of energy production. This report describes the various types of DR programs; provides a survey of DR programs currently in place in the West; considers the benefits, drawbacks and barriers to DR; and presents lessons learned and recommendations for states/provinces.

  17. Atmospheric PCO₂ perturbations associated with the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaller, Morgan F; Wright, James D; Kent, Dennis V

    2011-03-18

    The effects of a large igneous province on the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide (PCO₂) are mostly unknown. In this study, we estimate PCO₂ from stable isotopic values of pedogenic carbonates interbedded with volcanics of the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP) in the Newark Basin, eastern North America. We find pre-CAMP PCO₂ values of ~2000 parts per million (ppm), increasing to ~4400 ppm immediately after the first volcanic unit, followed by a steady decrease toward pre-eruptive levels over the subsequent 300 thousand years, a pattern that is repeated after the second and third flow units. We interpret each PCO₂ increase as a direct response to magmatic activity (primary outgassing or contact metamorphism). The systematic decreases in PCO₂ after each magmatic episode probably reflect consumption of atmospheric CO₂ by weathering of silicates, stimulated by fresh CAMP volcanics.

  18. Supervolcanoes within an ancient volcanic province in Arabia Terra, Mars.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michalski, Joseph R; Bleacher, Jacob E

    2013-10-03

    Several irregularly shaped craters located within Arabia Terra, Mars, represent a new type of highland volcanic construct and together constitute a previously unrecognized Martian igneous province. Similar to terrestrial supervolcanoes, these low-relief paterae possess a range of geomorphic features related to structural collapse, effusive volcanism and explosive eruptions. Extruded lavas contributed to the formation of enigmatic highland ridged plains in Arabia Terra. Outgassed sulphur and erupted fine-grained pyroclastics from these calderas probably fed the formation of altered, layered sedimentary rocks and fretted terrain found throughout the equatorial region. The discovery of a new type of volcanic construct in the Arabia volcanic province fundamentally changes the picture of ancient volcanism and climate evolution on Mars. Other eroded topographic basins in the ancient Martian highlands that have been dismissed as degraded impact craters should be reconsidered as possible volcanic constructs formed in an early phase of widespread, disseminated magmatism on Mars.

  19. Large Igneous Province Volcanism, Ocean Anoxia and Marine Mass Extinction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruhl, Micha; Bjerrum, Christian J.; Canfield, Donald

    2013-01-01

    Past global marine mass extinction events are often linked to terrestrial Large Igneous Province (LIP) volcanism, but exact mechanisms driving extinction are often not well constrained. We studied two of Earth’s largest mass extinction events, at the Triassic-Jurassic (~201.4 Ma) and Permian......-Triassic (~252 Ma) boundaries, which coincide with Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP) and Siberian Trap volcanism, respectively. The Triassic-Jurassic mass extinction is often contributed to carbon release driven ocean acidification while the Permian-Triassic mass extinction is suggested to be related...... to widespread ocean anoxia. We compare Permian-Triassic and Triassic-Jurassic ocean redox change along continental margins in different geographic regions (Permian-Triassic: Greenland, Svalbard, Iran; Triassic-Jurassic: UK, Austria) and discuss its role in marine mass extinction. Speciation of iron [(FeHR/ Fe...

  20. Development Prospect of Aromatherapy Industry in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ziyun; PENG; Dantong; LI; Rui; CHEN; Min; QIAN; Yiqi; CHEN; Hongjun; YANG

    2014-01-01

    This paper firstly introduced domestic and foreign supply of products processed by aromatherapy plant. On the basis of predicting market demand of aromatherapy plant,it analyzed current development situation of the plant in Yunnan Province. It arrived at the conclusion that the industry has broad market prospect. Then,it analyzed competitive advantages and risk factors of aromatherapy plant in Yunnan Province. There are climate,location and price advantages,but due to lack of product standard,it is difficult to guarantee quality,and there are certain market risks. Finally,it put forward recommendations for development of aromatherapy industry:( 1) taking full advantage of preferential policies to set up leading enterprises and realize radiated development;( 2) bringing into play of resource advantages and introducing capitals and technologies;( 3) Fostering market and driving the industrial development.

  1. Supervolcanoes Within an Ancient Volcanic Province in Arabia Terra, Mars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michalski, Joseph. R.; Bleacher, Jacob E.

    2014-01-01

    Several irregularly shaped craters located within Arabia Terra, Mars represent a new type of highland volcanic construct and together constitute a previously unrecognized martian igneous province. Similar to terrestrial supervolcanoes, these low-relief paterae display a range of geomorphic features related to structural collapse, effusive volcanism, and explosive eruptions. Extruded lavas contributed to the formation of enigmatic highland ridged plains in Arabia Terra. Outgassed sulfur and erupted fine-grained pyroclastics from these calderas likely fed the formation of altered, layered sedimentary rocks and fretted terrain found throughout the equatorial region. Discovery of a new type of volcanic construct in the Arabia volcanic province fundamentally changes the picture of ancient volcanism and climate evolution on Mars. Other eroded topographic basins in the ancient Martian highlands that have been dismissed as degraded impact craters should be reconsidered as possible volcanic constructs formed in an early phase of widespread, disseminated magmatism on Mars.

  2. Origin of Quaternary Red Clay of Southern Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUXUEFENG; YUANGUODONG; 等

    1998-01-01

    The particle-size distribution,heavy mineral constituents and rare earth elements(REE) characteristics of the Quaternary red clay of southern Anhui Province were studied to explore the origin of the clay.The results showed that the clay had some properties of areolian deposits,which could be compared with,those of the loess in North China ;and its chondrite-normalized curves of REE were similar to those of the Xiashu loess implying tha they shared the same orighin.It was concluded in combination with the results rported by other researchers that the Quaternary red clay of southern Anhui Province originated from aolian deposts, and this could reveal the cycles of warm and cold climates in the area during the Quaternary period.

  3. Checklists of Parasites of Farm Fishes of Babylon Province, Iraq

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Furhan T. Mhaisen

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Literature reviews of all references concerning the parasitic fauna of fishes in fish farms of Babylon province, middle of Iraq, showed that a total of 92 valid parasite species are so far known from the common carp (Cyprinus carpio, the grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella, and the silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix as well as from three freshwater fish species (Carassius auratus, Liza abu, and Heteropneustes fossilis which were found in some fish farms of the same province. The parasitic fauna included one mastigophoran, three apicomplexans, 13 ciliophorans, five myxozoans, five trematodes, 45 monogeneans, five cestodes, three nematodes, two acanthocephalans, nine arthropods, and one mollusc. The common carp was found to harbour 81 species of parasites, the grass carp 30 species, the silver carp 28 species, L. abu 13 species, C. auratus one species, and H. fossilis one species. A host-parasite list for each fish species was also provided.

  4. A key to the Soricidae, Macroscelididae, Gliridae and Muridae of Gauteng, North West Province, Mpumalanga and the Northern Province, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christia H. Newbery

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available A practical key to the shrews, elephant-shrews, dormice, rats and mice based on external field characteristics is presented. Size, tail features and lengths, dorsal and ventral body colour, etc. are the important characteristics, while habitat and distribution are also incorporated. The small mammals included in the key are from Gauteng, North West Province, Mpumalanga and the Northern Province.

  5. Optimization Design of Warping Dam in Wangjiagou, Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Yu; Cui Peng; Li Fa-bin; Wang Qing

    2003-01-01

    This paper introduces the simulating design of warping dam in the Loess Plateau, western Shanxi province.On the basis of collected data, the digital elevation model in the studied area has been created. Utilizing GIS (geographical information system) technology, this paper achieves some environmental based results with the simulation method. Also based on the parameter model of precipitation, the tendency of warping sand has been calculated, aiming at providing academic basis for optimization design in the small watershed.

  6. Optimization Design of Warping Dam in Wangjiagou, Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZhangYu; CuiPeng; LiFa-bin; WangQing

    2003-01-01

    This paper introduces the simulating design of warping dam in the Loess Plateau, western Shanxi province.On the basis of collected data, the digital elevation model in the studied area has been created. Utilizing GIS (geographical information system) technology, this paper achieves some environrnental based results with the simulation method. Also based on the parameter model of precipitation, the tendency of warping sand has been calculated, aiming at providing academic basis for optimization design in the small watershed.

  7. Malaria Situation and Anopheline Mosquitoes in Qom Province, Central Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MR Abai

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available "nAbstract "nBackground: The aims of this study was to analysis the current situation of malaria and to find the distribution of anopheline mosquitoes, as probable vectors of the disease, in Qom Province, central Iran. "nMethods: This study was carried out in two parts. First stage was data collection about malaria cases using recorded documents of patients in the Province health center, during 2001–2008. The second stage was entomological survey conducted by mosquito larval collection method in 4 villages with different geographical positions in 2008. Data were analyzed using Excel software. "nResults: Of 4456 blood slides, 10.9% out were positive. Most of cases were imported from other countries (90.4%, mainly from Afghanistan (56.5% and Pakistan (16.3%. Slide positive rate showed a maximum of 16.9% and a minimum of 2.9% in 2008 and 2007, respectively. Plasmodium vivax was causative agent of 93.75% of cases, fol­lowed by P. falciparum (6.25%. More than 15 years old age group contained the most malaria reported cases (66.7%. Two Anopheles species, An. superpictus and An. claviger were collected and identified. This is the first report of Anopheles claviger in Qom Province. "nConclusion: Malaria is in the control stage in Qom Province. The rate of local transmission is very low (only 1 case, shows Anopheles superpictus, as the main malaria vector of central part of Iran, can play its role in malaria transmission in the area. "n  "nKeywords: Malaria, Iran, Epidemiology

  8. Beijing Specialists Give Free Medical Treatment in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    <正>To help improve the physical conditions of the people in the Hui ethnic minority areas of Yunnan Province, from December 6 to 11,2005, a 10-member medical team of specialists from the Capital went to the Weishan Yi and Hui Ethnic Minority Autonomous County of Dali Prefecture and Xundian Hui and Yi Ethnic Minority Autonomous County of Kunming City to give free medical treatment for 6 days. This activity was

  9. Development of Low Permeability Oilfields in Shengli Oil Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Binhai; Fan Naifu

    1995-01-01

    @@ Shengli oil province,complicated in geology and rich in resources, is the second largest oil production basin of China. Except for some big/medium sized oil/gas field with high and medium permeability which have already been put into production. There are 11oil fields at great depth with low permeability of less than 50 ×10-3 μm2 have been discovered with 12. 2% of the total proved original oil in place.

  10. Formal and Informal Rural Credit in Four Provinces of Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Barslund, Mikkel Christoffer; Tarp, Finn

    2007-01-01

    This paper uses a survey of 932 rural households to uncover how the rural credit market operates in four provinces of Vietnam. Households obtain credit through formal and informal lenders. Formal loans are almost entirely for production and asset accumulation, while informal loans are used for consumption smoothening. Interest rates fell from 1997 to 2002, reflecting increased market integration. Moreover, the determinants of formal and informal credit demand are distinct. While credit ration...

  11. A Miocene ostrich fossil from Gansu Province, northwest China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HOU Lianhai; ZHOU Zhonghe; ZHANG Fucheng; WANG Zhao

    2005-01-01

    @@ A pelvic skeleton, recognized as a large terrestrial bird in the field, was recently collected by our paleomammalogist colleagues from the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology from the late Miocene sandy mudstones in the Linxia Basin in Gansu Province, northwest China. We have further referred this bird to as an early representative of ostrich. Ostrich fossils usually coexisted with the famous Hipparion Fauna from the Miocene to Pliocene.

  12. Evaluation of Health Care System Reform in Hubei Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    This study established a set of indicators for and evaluated the effects of health care system reform in Hubei Province (China) from 2009 to 2011 with the purpose of providing guidance to policy-makers regarding health care system reform. The resulting indicators are based on the “Result Chain” logic model and include the following four domains: Inputs and Processes, Outputs, Outcomes and Impact. Health care system reform was evaluated using the weighted TOPSIS and weighted Rank Sum Ratio met...

  13. Strategic Marketing Plan for Huishang Bank in Anhui Province

    OpenAIRE

    Qian, Yani

    2010-01-01

    Huishang Bank Corporation Limited Company was founded on December 28, 2005, and it has operated since January 1, 2006. Before it was established, it merged with six cities' commercial banks and seven urban credit banks in Anhui Province. It then became the first regional bank which had developed from city commercial bank in China. In the last five years, Huishang bank has already got significant progress, and it entered top 500 global banks in 2010. This thesis focuses on the strategic m...

  14. Influencing Factors on Farming System Development in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The developmental situation of the farming system in Shandong Province is introduced.At present,Shandong Province is at the semi-intensive,semi-commercial and semi-sufficiency level of farming system.Eastern coast and central Shandong agricultural zones are moving in the direction of modern farming system,having formed a preliminary new pattern of the coordinated development of grain,feedstuff,economic and other crops.Influencing factors on the development of farming system in Shandong Province is analyzed,which are agricultural production condition and input level,population and food,policy measures,development of natural resources and regions,agricultural industrialization and urbanization level,and scientific and technological level.Total population will be within 100 million at the year 2020;per capita annual share of grain will be 475 kilograms;and there is great pressure on grain production.Therefore,we must change the pattern of agricultural development and accelerate the establishment of modern farming system.Agricultural machinery,water conservancy projects,and chemical fertilizer application have greatly affected the development of farming system.Improvement of production conditions has promoted the adjustment of agricultural structure,increased the planting ratio of winter wheat-summer maize,and improved multiple-cropping index.Development of agricultural industrialization has promoted the transfer of rural labor force and the establishment of modern farming system;while the unbalanced development of cities has restricted the establishment of modern farming system.Therefore,the appropriate policy,scientific and rational regional distribution,and advanced science and technology can help to set up the modern farming system in Shandong Province.

  15. Patients' satisfaction evaluation with the health center of elis province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karavida, Angeliki; Stamouli, Maria-Aggeliki; Balis, Charalampos

    2014-01-01

    Patient satisfaction related to the provided health services is a key indicator of the quality of the health sector. The SERVQUAL model was employed as a way of measuring the level of patient satisfaction with the services of the Health Center of Elis Province. Although certain aspects such as "Assurance" and "Empathy" meet the users' needs, improvements like a detailed medical record and an overhaul of the equipment need to be introduced.

  16. Social capital and the innovative performance of Italian provinces

    OpenAIRE

    Crescenzi, Riccardo; Gagliardi, Luisa; Percoco, Marco

    2013-01-01

    Social capital has remained relatively underexplored in innovation literature due to the lack of consensus on the most suitable operationalisation for the analysis of innovative dynamics. This paper aims to fill this gap by looking at social capital as propensity towards civicness and prosocial behaviour that facilitates the circulation of nonredundant knowledge among otherwise disconnected groups. The quantitative analysis of the innovative performance of Italian provinces shows that social ...

  17. Traffic Perception in Eskişehir Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karacasu, Murat; Altin, Arzu Yavuz; Ergül, Bariş; Berkhan Akalin, Kadir

    2016-10-01

    With the rapid growth of the world population that is becoming increasingly the use of motor vehicles. Also, due to technological advances that have become more accessible to a case having a motor vehicle. However, these developments have led to the emergence of some problems. Especially, highways of serious accidents occurred in transportation, to investigate measures that can be taken and identification of the problem is an important issue in Turkey. First, you need to identify the individual's perception of traffic. This process is important to identify gaps in the application. This study was planned and carried out in order to measure the traffic perceptions of living in Eskisehir Province. For this purpose, a questionnaire aimed at determining demographic and socio-economic characteristics and attitudes of the individual's perception of traffic was prepared. Data sets were analysed by factor analysis known as one of the most known multivariate statistical analysis techniques. The result of analysis obtained over the dimensions, traffic perceptions of individual's in Eşkisehir Province modelled. Looking for solutions for the traffic problem in institutions of the Eşkisehir Province has obtained a series of results that could benefit in creating attitudes and behaviours about traffic.

  18. EVALUATION OF ECOLOGICAL SERVICES OF JILIN PROVINCE, NORTHEAST CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Shu-xia; SHANG Jin-cheng; GUO Huai-cheng

    2004-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to give evaluation of ecological services of Jilin Province,Northeast China.To take this value into decision-making and GDP accounting system is considered to be one of the economic solutions for ecological problems.The evaluation is based on the methods proposed by COSTANZA et al.,and some modifications about unit value of forest and cropland system were made according to the real characters of ecosystem,climate,natural conditions etc.,in Jilin Province.Total value of ecosystem services is about 554.404×109yuan(RMB)/a,which is about 4.9 times of GDP of the corresponding period.The results of this study could be used as a fundamental work for the construction of ecological province,which was carried out from 2001,and could provide ecological information for decision-making.Furthermore,the necessities for the further studies on the evaluation of ecological services and natural capital were discussed.

  19. Malaria Situation and Anopheline Mosquitoes in Qom Province, Central Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B Farzinnia

    2010-12-01

    Methods: This study was carried out in two parts. First stage was data collection about malaria cases using recorded documents of patients in the Province health center, during 2001–2008. The second stage was entomological survey conducted by mosquito larval collection method in 4 villages with different geographical positions in 2008. Data were analyzed using Excel software. Results: Of 4456 blood slides, 10.9% out were positive. Most of cases were imported from other countries (90.4%, mainly from Afghanistan (56.5% and Pakistan (16.3%. Slide positive rate showed a maximum of 16.9% and a minimum of 2.9% in 2008 and 2007, respectively. Plasmodium vivax was causative agent of 93.75% of cases, fol­lowed by P. falciparum (6.25%. More than 15 years old age group contained the most malaria reported cases (66.7%. Two Anopheles species, An. superpictus and An. claviger were collected and identified. This is the first report of Anopheles claviger in Qom Province. Conclusion: Malaria is in the control stage in Qom Province. The rate of local transmission is very low (only 1 case, shows Anopheles superpictus, as the main malaria vector of central part of Iran, can play its role in malaria transmission in the area.

  20. alpha-thalassemia mutations in Khuzestan Province, Southwest Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zandian, Khodamorad; Nateghi, Jamal; Keikhaie, Bijan; Pedram, Mohammad; Hafezi-Nejad, Nima; Hadavi, Valeh; Oberkanins, Christian; Azarkeivan, Azita; Law, Hai-Yang; Najmabadi, Hossein

    2008-01-01

    Although alpha-thalassemia (alpha-thal) is the most common hereditary hemoglobin (Hb) disorder in Iran, no comprehensive data are so far available on the prevalence of the disease in the province of Khuzestan in Southwest Iran. This study investigates the spectrum of alpha-thal mutations in this region. One hundred and twenty-one subjects from Khuzestan Province, Iran, were initially tested for the three most common Iranian alpha-thal mutations (- alpha3.7, -alpha4.2, and --MED) by gap-polymerase chain reaction (gap-PCR). Reverse hybridization test strips and DNA sequencing were used to identify additional alpha-globin mutations. A total of 131 mutated alpha-globin alleles were identified in these patients. Of the 13 mutations that were detected in Khuzestan Province, Iran, the - alpha3.7 single gene deletion was the most frequently identified variant, representing 62.6% of the total; we also observed significant numbers of individuals with compound heterozygous mutations. On the basis of our results, we strongly recommend screening for the most common mutations to improve the molecular diagnosis of anemia in this region.

  1. Research on Farmers’ Property Income in Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Relying on the statistics,the property income status of Jiangsu Province is expounded.In the first place,farmers’ property income takes a low proportion to the total income for its small cardinal number;in the second place,although farmers’ property income has increased continuously,the growth fluctuates;in the third place,the growth tempo of farmers’ property income is faster than the growth tempo of net income;in the fourth place,per capita property income of farmers is obviously lower than that of urban residents.The reasons that affect the property income of farmers in Jiangsu Province are analyzed,which cover low income level of rural residents,imperfect land system,imperfect rural financial system,imperfect rural housing system and imperfect rural social security system.On the basis of the above analysis,the targeted measures on improving the property income of farmers in Jiangsu Province are put forward.Firstly,the government should improve farmers’ income and lay solid foundation for property income;secondly,the government should clarify land property rights and explore the land transfer situation;thirdly,the government should accelerate rural financial system reform and perfect rural financial system;fourthly,the government should vigorously implement the transfer of houses in rural collective residents and perfect rural housing rent market;fifthly,the government should promote the reform of rural social security system and solve farmers’ worries.

  2. Molecular Identification of Nosema species in East Azerbaijan province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Razmaraii, N.

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Nosema is a genus of microsporidia, which have significant negative impacts on honeybees. The aim of thisstudy is the epidemiological evaluation and molecular characterization of Nosema spices in various countiesof East-Azerbaijan province (Northwest of Iran. 387 samples were collected from colonies maintained invarious counties of East-Azerbaijan province. Samples after preparation were examined by a lightmicroscope for presence of Nosema spores. PCR method (SSUrRNA gene was used to differentiatebetween Nosema apis (N. apis and N. ceranae. Descriptive statistics were used for data analysis. Totalinfection prevalence of the microscopic evaluation and PCR tests were 225 (58.1% and 260 (67.1%respectively, total validity of PCR test against the microscopic test was computed equal to 1.1 in this case.Disease distribution in various counties of study area was variable and N. ceranae was the only Nosema species found to infect honeybees. The one species presence and different distribution of Nosema positive samples in various counties of East-Azerbaijan province may be due to multiple reasons. Furthermore,epidemiological information helps us to improve disease management practices in the studied area, apply new hygiene policy and reduce extra costs of production.

  3. [Prevalence of mental subnormality recorded in the province of Jaen].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delgado Rodríguez, M; Moreno de la Casa, A; Rodríguez-Contreras Pelayo, R; Sillero Arenas, M; López Gigosos, R; Gálvez Vargas, R

    1989-01-01

    It is done a cross-sectional study of the prevalence of mental retardation in the province of Jaén (Spain), based on the cumulated cases reported to the Institute of Social Services of the Social Security (INSERSO) until January 1, 1984. The main objective of this research is to know the prevalence of mental retardation in our province, and to analize its relationship with some sociodemographic variables. The prevalence obtained has been 4.09%, being a 59.27% of the prevalence due to endogenous/unexplained etiology. Mild subnormality constitutes a 8.4% of cases, being closely related with the size of the locality (municipio). Prevalence of mental subnormality showed a significative linear association with the size of the locality (r = -0.904, p less than 0.05), and with the population growth (r = -0.929, p less than 0.01). This relationship was not observed neither with the level of per capita income nor the altitude of the locality. A multiple regression analysis is made for every etiology of mental retardation and several social and geographic variables. We conclude that the figures for mental retardation in our province show a direct relationship with local development parameters.

  4. Research on the Industrial Ecologicalization in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    By using ecological carrying capacity, ecological footprint method and shift-share analysis and the data from Yunnan Statistical Yearbook and China Statistical Yearbook, the status quo of industrial ecologicalization development in Yunnan Province is analyzed from the aspects of consumption of resources and environment, production technology and industrial pollution and industrial structure. The results show that the economic growth in Yunnan Province is based on the huge consumption of resources; the consumption of natural environment has surpassed its carrying capacity; the production technology is relatively backward and the comprehensive use efficiency of the "three wastes" is low; the solid waste emission of the ten thousand GDP far exceeds the average level of the whole county; the total emissions of industrial waste gas and domestic sewage are increasing; the efficiency of industrial structure is bad. On the strength of the analysis, the relevant measures on ecological industrial development in Yunnan Province is put forward, covering strengthening the awareness of saving resources and protecting environment; establishing energy-saving type national economy and social system; actively adjusting industrial structure; strengthening ecological construction of the three major industries.

  5. XML Parasitic Contamination of Consumed Vegetables in Golestan Province, 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    This paper should be cited as: Rahimi - Esboei B, Pagheh A, Fakhar M, Pagheh S, Dadimoghadam Y . [ Parasitic Contamination of Consumed Vegetables in Golestan Province, 2012 ]. mljgoums . 201 4 ; 8 ( 3 : 82 - 89 [Article in Persian] Rahimi - Esboei, B. (MSc

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objective: The Outbreak of human parasitic diseases associated with the consumption of raw vegetables often occurs in both developing and developed countries. This study aimed to evaluate parasitic contamination of edible vegetables in Golestan Province. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in the cities of Golestan Province for six months, 2012. The samples (N = 100 were randomly chosen among different vegetables (parsley, lettuce, radish, and cress, and examined for the presence of helminthic and protozoan parasitic contaminations following washing, centrifuging and sedimentation. Results: Thirty-seven (37% were found to have parasitic contamination, and of these 30 (81.1% and 7 (18.9% were helminths and protozoa, respectively. The highest rate of contamination was detected in parsley (37.9%, and the lowest in radish (12.0%. Moreover, free living larva with 58.6% and Hymenolepis nana ova with 5.1% were the highest and lowest contaminated rates, respectively. Conclusion: Based on our results, consumed vegetables in Golestan Province is considered as a potential risk for some human parasitic infections.

  6. Petroleum systems of the Malay Basin Province, Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bishop, Michele G.

    2002-01-01

    The offshore Malay Basin province is a Tertiary oil and gas province composed of a complex of half grabens that were filled by lacustrine shales and continental clastics.These deposits were overlain by clastics of a large delta system that covered the basin.Delta progradation was interupted by transgressions of the South China Sea to the southeast, which finally flooded the basin to form the Gulf of Thailand.Oil and gas from the Oligocene to Miocene lacustrine shales and Miocene deltaic coals is trapped primarily in anticlines formed by inversion of the half grabens during the late Miocene.Hydrocarbon reserves that have been discovered amount to 12 billion barrels of oil equivalent.The U.S. Geological Survey assessment of the estimated quantities of conventional oil, gas and condensate that have the potential to be added to reserves by the year 2025 for this province is 6.3 billion barrels of oil equivalent (BBOE) (U. S. Geological Survey World Energy Assessment Team, 2000).

  7. Natural Gamma Radiation in Primary Schools of Zanjan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faranak Saghatchi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Environmental gamma ray refers to the gamma radiation from terrestrial sources and building materials. In enclosed spaces radiation can become a health hazard leading to potential increase in the rates of lung cancer. The goal of this study is to assess the exposure to natural gamma radiation of children in the schools of Zanjan province. Method: The natural gamma radiation was assessed in 46 primary schools of Zanjan province. A total number of 75 classrooms were studied. The measurements were performed in classrooms and schoolyards using a Geiger–Muller detector (RDS-110. Alongside radiation measurements, all the data corresponding to the characteristics of each school building were collected. Results: The results showed that the outdoor dose rate ranged from 82 to 106nSv h-1 while gamma dose rate due to inside classrooms ranged from 106 to 137nSvh-1. The findings represented that the highest indoor gamma dose rate belonged to the buildings of more than 30 years and metal frame and brick (P<0.05. Conclusion: We concluded that the effective dose due to gamma radiation from terrestrial sources and building materials for students of primary schools in Zanjan province (0.83 mSv was higher than worldwide average of the annual effective dose (0.48 mSv.

  8. Spatial and Statistical Analysis of Leptospirosis in Guilan Province, Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nia, A. Mohammadi; Alimohammadi, A.; Habibi, R.; Shirzadi, M. R.

    2015-12-01

    The most underdiagnosed water-borne bacterial zoonosis in the world is Leptospirosis which especially impacts tropical and humid regions. According to World Health Organization (WHO), the number of human cases is not known precisely. Available reports showed that worldwide incidences vary from 0.1-1 per 100 000 per year in temperate climates to 10-100 per 100 000 in the humid tropics. Pathogenic bacteria that is spread by the urines of rats is the main reason of water and soil infections. Rice field farmers who are in contact with infected water or soil, contain the most burden of leptospirosis prevalence. In recent years, this zoonotic disease have been occurred in north of Iran endemically. Guilan as the second rice production province (average=750 000 000 Kg, 40% of country production) after Mazandaran, has one of the most rural population (Male=487 679, Female=496 022) and rice workers (47 621 insured workers) among Iran provinces. The main objectives of this study were to analyse yearly spatial distribution and the possible spatial clusters of leptospirosis to better understand epidemiological aspects of them in the province. Survey was performed during the period of 2009-2013 at rural district level throughout the study area. Global clustering methods including the average nearest neighbour distance, Moran's I and General G indices were utilized to investigate the annual spatial distribution of diseases. At the end, significant spatial clusters have been detected with the objective of informing priority areas for public health planning and resource allocation.

  9. Incidence of Childhood Cancers in Golestan Province of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas Moghaddami

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This paper presents the incidence rates of childhood cancers using the data obtained from Golestan population based cancer registry (GPCR between 2004 and 2006.Methods: GPCR registers only primary cancers based on standard protocols of the international association of cancer registries (IACR. We collect data on newly diagnosed (incident cancer cases from all public and private diagnostic and therapeutic centers of the whole province. CanReg-4 software was used for data entry and analysis.Findings: Totally 5076 cancer cases (all ages were diagnosed in GPCR between 2004 and 2006. Of these, 139 (2.74 % were children (aged 0-14 years with mean (±SD age of 8.06 (±4.48 years. The age standardized incidence rates for childhood cancer were 119.8 and 78.3 per 1000000 person-years in male and female children, respectively. Leukemia was the most common childhood cancer in Golestan province of Iran. Lymphomas and central nervous system tumors were the second and third ones, respectively.Conclusion: The incidence rates of childhood cancers were relatively high in Golestan province of Iran. So, controlling of childhood cancers should be mentioned as an important issue in health policy making in this area.

  10. Incidence of Childhood Cancers in Golestan Province of Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moradi, Abdolvahab; Semnani, Shahryar; Roshandel, Gholamreza; Mirbehbehani, Narges; Keshtkar, Abbasali; Aarabi, Mohsen; Moghaddami, Abbas; Cheraghali, Fatemeh

    2010-01-01

    Objective This paper presents the incidence rates of childhood cancers using the data obtained from Golestan population based cancer registry (GPCR) between 2004 and 2006. Methods GPCR registers only primary cancers based on standard protocols of the international association of cancer registries (IACR). We collect data on newly diagnosed (incident) cancer cases from all public and private diagnostic and therapeutic centers of the whole province. CanReg-4 software was used for data entry and analysis. Findings Totally 5076 cancer cases (all ages) were diagnosed in GPCR between 2004 and 2006. Of these, 139 (2.74 %) were children (aged 0–14 years) with mean (±SD) age of 8.06 (±4.48) years. The age standardized incidence rates for childhood cancer were 119.8 and 78.3 per 1000000 person-years in male and female children, respectively. Leukemia was the most common childhood cancer in Golestan province of Iran. Lymphomas and central nervous system tumors were the second and third ones, respectively. Conclusion The incidence rates of childhood cancers were relatively high in Golestan province of Iran. So, controlling of childhood cancers should be mentioned as an important issue in health policy making in this area. PMID:23056726

  11. Field test of new poplar clone in Shangdong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIN Guang-hua; JIANG Yue-zhong; QIAO Yu-ling; B.Nottola

    2003-01-01

    Poplar is one of the dominant tree species for the establishment of fast growing plantations in Shandong Province. Eighteen poplar clones belonging to Populus aigeiros section were introduced from Italy, Turkey and domestic regions. Populus deltoides cv. 'Lux' I-69/55 (I-69), which was widely used in Shandong Province, China, was taken as control clone (I-69). Following a randomized complete block design, seedling test and controlled afforestation trials were carried out at Juxian County, Caoxian County and Laiyang City. The results showed that the poplar clone (Populus × euramericana cv. '102/74'), namely 102/74, performed well both in terms of adaptability and growth rate. The mean height of 13.9 m (H), diameter at breast height of 18.0 cm (DBH) and volume growth of 0.1445 m3 (V) were 2.2 %, 21.6% and 52.9 % higher than those of I-69 (CK), respectively, at the age of 5 years at three experimental sites. Moreover, the clone can be propagated easily and showed high resistance to poplar disease, pest as well as salinity and had longer growing period. Furthermore, wood basic density and fiber length of new poplar clone (102/74) were as same as I-69 (CK). It was concluded that the selected clone (102/74) was ideal for the establishment of fast-growing poplar plantations, especially for the pulpwood plantations in Shandong Province.

  12. SURVEY OF AIRBORNE POLLEN IN HUBEI PROVINCE OF CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guang-hui Liu; Rong-fei Zhu; Wei Zhang; Wen-jing Li; Zhong-xi Wang; Huan Chen

    2008-01-01

    Objective To study the genera and seasonal distribution of airborne pollen in Hubei province of China,and its relationship with pollinosis.Methods From November 2003 to October 2004,an airborne pollen investigation was performed in 16 chosen areas in 12 cities of Hubei province using gravity sedimentation technique.Meanwhile,univalent skin prick tests of pollens were performed and the invasion season was studied on 2 300 patients with pollinosis.Among them,352 eases underwent the airway responsiveness measurements,and the correlation between airway responsiveness and results of pollen count was analyzed.Results A total of 61 pollen genera were observed and 257 520 pollens were collected.The peak of airborne pollen distribution occurred in two seasons each year:spring (March and April) and autumn (from August to October).The attack of pollinosis corresponded to the peak of pollen distribution.There was a significantly negative relationship between the provocation dose causing a 20% decrease of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) from baseline and airborne pollen concentration (r=-0.6829,P<0.05).Conclusion This study provides useful information for airborne pollen epidemiology of Hubei province,and it provides important insights to clinical prevention,diagnosis,and treatment of pollen-related allergic diseases.

  13. 民族旅游中的族群社区自我发展机制研究--以大理双廊白族村为例%Research on the Ethnic Community's Self-development Mechanism of Ethnic Tourism- A Case Study of Shuanglang Bai Minority Village in Dali

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨家娣; 陈修岭

    2015-01-01

    In the course of traditional ethnic community tourism development,the governments and the tourism developers as the “other group”are in a dominant position in the local tourism development and man-agement and they become the major body of decision-making and economic profit takers.The local ethnic resi-dents on the other hand become the objects of being manipulated who have no participation or only passively par-ticipate in local tourism development,and who have no right to make decisions,have no discourse and necessa-ry economic income.Through in-depth field work,the author took Shuanglang Bai Minority villages in Dali as a study case.This case study made great efforts to construct the self-development mechanism of ethnical tourism community by taking into consideration the community -dominating tourism development, the government's macroeconomic regulation and control and support,the community-interest-as-the -main -body model of tourism development,cultural tourism industry development,self protection and inheritance of national culture,cooperation between the host and the guests.This mechanism intended to empower the host residents with the limited help from the outside world so that they can be encouraged to actively participate in the development,improvement and management of local tourism industry,and give a full play to the decision-making power and discourse right,and finally figure out a real sustainable way of developing ethnic community tourism to benefit the local ethnic residents.%传统民族社区旅游业发展中,由政府和开发商构成的“他群”在旅游开发与管理中居于主导地位,成为决策及经济收益的主体。东道主居民或者无参与或者被动参与,缺乏决策权、话语权和必要的经济收益,成为被操纵、被利用的对象。本研究以大理双廊白族村为个案,通过深入的田野调查,着力从社区主导旅游发展、政府宏观调控与扶持、以社区为利益

  14. On Aesthetic Qualities of TV Dance in China Based on Bai Zhiqun's TV-dancing works%从白志群电视舞蹈作品看中国电视舞蹈的审美品格

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李佼佼

    2012-01-01

    TV dace is a new interdisciplinary art using the modern media technology. For a long time, much more attention has been paid to such issues as the combination of dance language and video language, deconstruction and reconstruction the dance language for peculiar meaning, the new movement space created by video language, etc. However, the maturity of one new type of art is marked by its unique aesthetic characters, which is an import issue confronted by TV dance. The author of the paper believes that localization is one of the major approaches to develop TV dance in China. The contemporary TV-dancing creation should be blended with aesthetic implication of Chinese traditions. This article takes as a case study TV-dancing works of Bai Zhiqun, who is a representative in the field of China~ TV-daneing creation, analyzing Chinese traditional aesthetics implication conveyed by the visual conception and giving suggestions on how to establish aesthetic qualities in the TV-daneing creation in China.%电视舞蹈作为现代新媒体技术的新兴交叉艺术,长期以来更受人关注的是创作过程中舞蹈语言与影像语言的融合,如何将舞蹈语言解构、重构形成特有的意味,影像语言如何给舞蹈一个新的运动空间等问题。然而,一种新艺术类型的成熟,与自身是否建立了独特的美学品格有关,这正是目前电视舞蹈创作面临的重要问题。笔者以为,电视舞蹈若想真正在中国扎根生长,就必须经历“中国化”的历程,而这一历程的主要路径之一,就是在现代的电视舞蹈创作中融入中国传统的审美意蕴。本文以中国电视舞蹈创作领域的代表人物白志群的电视舞蹈作品为案例,分析其作品视觉意境所传达出的中国传统美学意蕴,对如何建立中国电视舞蹈创作审美品格这一问题进行了思索。

  15. 旅游发展对女性角色变迁的影响研究--以大理周城白族女性为例%Analysis of the impact of tourism development on the changing role of women---Taking Dali Zhou Cheng Bai women as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷群

    2015-01-01

    女性参与旅游发展是目的地获得可持续发展的重要前提。缺乏旅游发展对女性角色变迁影响的分析,仅将女性参与作为一个必然的过程而不是文化、经济和政治的过程,是女性参与旅游发展在实践中不能获得真正进步的原因。通过对国内外旅游研究中旅游发展对女性角色变迁的影响研究成果进行介绍,以云南大理周城为例,通过田野调查结果的抽样分析,剖析了周城近21年的旅游发展对周城白族妇女角色变迁影响的主要表现、女性角色变迁对大理周城旅游发展的积极意义和消极影响,提出在金融信贷和旅游发展项目中应充分考虑女性的需要,重视社会性别意识,积极改善女性参政议政环境,加强少数民族女性人力资本投资,以互联网为途径整合线上线下营销渠道,提高女性的文化营销能力。%Female participation in tourism development is an important prerequisite to sustainable develop-ment in destinations.Analysis of the lack of impact of tourism development on the change in female roles,only the female participation as an inevitable process rather than a cultural,economic and political process,female participation in tourism development can not be obtained in practice reason of real progress.Introduces the re-search results of the effects of the relevant research on tourism development of tourism based on domestic and foreign to the feminine role change,taking Yunnan Dali Zhou City as an example,through field investigation and sampling analysis results,analyzes the positive significance of the main performance,influence of Zhou City nearly 21 years of tourism development on the change of Zhou Cheng Bai womenˊs roles of female characters on the change of Dali Zhou City Tourism Development and the negative influence,proposed in the financial credit and tourism development projects give full consideration to the needs of women

  16. English Language Teaching in Yunann Province: Opportunities & Challenges%English Language Teaching in Yunann Province:Opportunities&Challenges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fengqin Liu

    2016-01-01

    With the development of the relations between China and ASEAN, English language learning and teaching is playing a more and more important role -- especially, the importance of location of Yunnan province as a"major bridgehead" for international relations with Southeast Asia. Because of the policy of making English an official language in ASEAN,'Opportunities and Challenges' shall be discussed in this article. Also, some suggestions to enhance teacher training would be proposed.

  17. Research on Consumption Structure of Rural Residents in Gansu Province Based on ELES Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    By using cross-section data on consumption structure of rural residents in Gansu Province in 2007 and 2008,this paper adopts ELES model to conduct empirical analysis on consumption structure of rural residents in Gansu Province.It indicates that in the current consumption structure of rural residents in Gansu Province,food expenditure is still at the most important and basic level;the overall consumption level of rural residents in Gansu Province is not high;at present,the consumption of rural residents in Gansu Province still hinges in a large measure on income,vulnerable to the price fluctuation.Consequently,increasing farmers’ income and stabilizing the level of commodity price,turns out to be a foundation as well as an important approach to improve consumption structure of rural residents in Gansu Province.

  18. Agricultural water-saving potential and feasibility of developing semi-dryland farming in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huang Xiuqiao; Wang Jinglei

    2013-01-01

    Based on the collected data in the current status of developing and utilizing water resources and imple-menting water-saving agriculture in Henan Province,and taking into account the influence of engineering,agro-nomic and management measures,the water-saving potential in past years and the feasibility of implementing semi-dryland farming were analyzed in Henan Province. Finally,specific technical measures of developing semi-dryland farming in different areas of Henan Province were proposed.

  19. Simulation Calculation and Distribution Characteristics of Terrain Reflected Radiation in Fujian Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to study the distribution characteristics of terrain reflected radiation in Fujian Province.[Method] Based on solar radiation data,digital elevation model (DEM) and surface meteorological observation data in Fujian Province,plus surface albedo obtained by using remote sensing inversion method,the distribution of terrain reflected radiation in Fujian Province from 1988 to 2007 was simulated,and then its temporal and spatial distribution characteristics was studied.[Result] The simulat...

  20. Simulation of Change Trend of Drought in Shaanxi Province in Future Based on PRECIS Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to predict the change trend of drought in Shaanxi Province in future. [Method] Based on the regional climate model PRECIS from Hadley Climate Center, British Meteorological Bureau, taking precipitation anomaly percentage as assessment index, the change trend of drought in Shaanxi Province in reference years (1971-1990) was simulated, and the change trend of drought in Shaanxi Province from 2071 to 2100 was predicted. [Result] The simulated value of drought frequency in reference year...

  1. Measurement and Evaluation of Efficiency of Regional Technical Innovation Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚荒; 王新宇

    2004-01-01

    The target system was built to evaluate the efficiency of technical innovation for 13 cities and three regions in Jiangsu province based on the data envelopment analysis. This paper comparatively analyzed the efficiency of innovation and scaling return for each region in Jiangsu province. The projection analysis on production frontier face for inefficient regions was also performed. Evolving rules and regional difference of technical innovation system of Jiangsu province were explored. Some important results and suggestion were obtained.

  2. Fish faunal provinces of the conterminous United States of America reflect historical geography and familial composition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matamoros, Wilfredo A; Hoagstrom, Christopher W; Schaefer, Jacob F; Kreiser, Brian R

    2016-08-01

    Although the conterminous USA has a long history of ichthyological exploration, the description of biogeographical provinces has been ad hoc. In this study we quantitatively determined fish faunal provinces and interpreted them in the context of the geological history of North America. We also evaluated influences of major river basin occupancy and contemporary environmental factors on provincial patterns. Our data set comprised 794 native fishes, which we used to generate a presence and absence matrix for U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) four-digit hydrologic units. Three nested data sets were analysed separately: primary freshwater families, continental freshwater families (including primary and secondary families) and all freshwater families (including primary, secondary and peripheral families). We used clustering analysis to delimit faunal breaks and one-way analysis of similarity (ANOSIM) to determine significance among clusters (i.e. provinces). We used an indicator-species analysis to identify species that contributed most to province delineations and a similarity-percentage (SIMPER) analysis to describe the relative influence of representatives from each category (i.e. primary, secondary, peripheral) on provincial boundaries. Lastly, we used a parsimony redundancy analysis to determine the roles of historical (i.e. major river basin) and contemporary environmental factors in shaping provinces. Analysis of the nested data sets revealed lessening provincial structure with inclusion of more families. There were 10 primary freshwater provinces, 9 continental freshwater provinces and 7 all freshwater provinces. Major basin occupancy, but not contemporary environmental factors, explained substantial variance in faunal similarities among provinces. However, provincial boundaries did not conform strictly to modern river basins, but reflected river-drainage connections of the Quaternary. Provinces represent broad-scale patterns of endemism and provide a starting point

  3. Soybean's Scientific Research and Production Development in Hunan Province These 50 years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    @@There are three ecotypes of soybean cultivar in Hunan Province: spring soybean, summer soybean and autumn soybean. Spring soybean has become the leading cultivar used in soybean's commercial production in Hunan these 30-40 years along with the growing improvement of the double-cropping of rice in the province which has reduced the area of the summer and autumn soybean gradually. Soybean produced in the province is almost consumed as processed food.

  4. Study on Improving Development Strategies of New Rural Social Pension Insurance System in Heilongjiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Qi-wen; Li Hui-fang; Gao Li-na

    2012-01-01

    Since 2009, the new rural pension insurance in Heilongjiang Province has obtained certain achievements, but the effects are not obvious. Reflection on the development process, we find that there are a lot of problems. Therefore, in order to guarantee the smooth implementation of new rural social pension insurance work in Heilongjiang Province, this paper combined with the reality to provide several suggestions for improving the new rural social pension insurance system in Heilongjiang Province.

  5. Analysis on the Climate Variation Characteristics of Frost in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The research aimed to study the climate variation characteristics of frost in Shandong Province. [Method] The daily minimum surface temperature ≤ 0 ℃ in autumn or spring was as the frost index. Based on the daily minimum surface temperature data in 67 meteorological observatories of Shandong Province during 1961-2008, the variation characteristics of first, last frost dates and frost-free period in Shandong Province were analyzed by using the climate diagnosis analysis method. [Result] The clima...

  6. Climatic Characteristics of Hail Disaster and Division of Defense Region in Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to study the climatic characteristics of hail disaster from 1984 to 2006 in Guizhou Province,China.[Method] Through statistical analysis,the climatic characteristics and disaster characteristics of hail from 1984 to 2006 in Guizhou Province were annalyzed and compared with previous results,then the classification standards of hail disaster were established,finally the defense zoning map of hail disaster in Guizhou Province was made.[Result] According to the statistical analysis on th...

  7. [Monitoring the Microtus fuscus plague epidemic in Sichuan province during 2000 - 2008.

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Li-Mao; Song, Xiao-Yu; Zhu, Xiao-Ping

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemic tendency of Microtus fuscus plague during 2000 - 2008 in Sichuan province. METHODS: To investigate the plague each year according to "overall Plan of the Plague in the Whole Nation" and "Surveillance Program of Sichuan Province Plague". RESULTS: There were plague...... of fleas, Callopsylla sparsilis, Amphipsylla tutua tutua and Rhadinopsylla dahurica vicina, with the overall infection rate as 0.054%. CONCLUSION: Plague among Microtus fuscus showed a continuous epidemic in Sichuan province during 2000 - 2008....

  8. Estimation on the Total Quantity of Biomass Energy and Its Environmental Benefit Analysis in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to estimate the total quantity of biomass energy and analyze its environmental benefit in Shandong Province.[Method] Based on the data from the statistics yearbook of Shandong Province in 2010,the total quantity of biomass resources and biomass energy in Shandong Province in 2009 was estimated,and its environmental benefit was analyzed.[Result] Biomass resources in Shandong Province mainly refer to crop residues,forest residues,grassland changed from degraded land.If degraded land be...

  9. Analysis on the Climatic Characteristics of Temperature in "24 Solar Terms" in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to analyze the climatic characteristics of temperature in "24 solar terms" in Liaoning Province.[Method] Based on the daily temperature data from 56 stations in Liaoning Province from 1951 to 2009,the climatic characteristics of temperature in "24 solar terms" in Liaoning Province in recent 59 years were analyzed.[Result] The time series of average temperature in "24 solar terms" in Liaoning Province showed quasi normal distribution from 1951 to 2009,namely single peak type.Great Hea...

  10. Strengths,Problems,and Recommendations of Potato Staple Food Development in Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Weifang; FAN; Aiping; LAI; Guoquan; LU

    2015-01-01

    China launched the potato staple food strategy in 2015. The potato staple food strategy focuses on increasing potato consumption and promoting potato production through processing and use of potato staple food. This provides new opportunity for development of potato in Zhejiang Province. This paper analyzed development strengths and existing problems of the potato industry in Zhejiang Province. On this basis,it came up with pertinent recommendations for potato staple food development in Zhejiang Province,so as to guide consumption with nutrition,and guide production with consumption,to provide theoretical foundation for development of potato industry in Zhejiang Province.

  11. Antimicrobial Resistance among Salmonella and Shigella Isolates in Five Canadian Provinces (1997 to 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leah J Martin

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To describe rates of antimicrobial resistance (AMR among Salmonella and Shigella isolates reported in five Canadian provinces, focusing on clinically important antimicrobials.

  12. Main Clay Minerals in Soils of Fujian Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANGGUO; ZHANGWEIMING; 等

    1996-01-01

    The clay minerals of more than 200 soil samples collected from various sites of Fujian Province were studied by the X-ray diffraction method and transmission electron microscopy to study their distribution and evolution.Montmorillonite was found in coastal solonchak,paddy soils derived from marine deposit,lacustrine deposit and river deposit,and some lateritic red soil,red soil and yellow soil with a low weathering degree.Chlorite existed mainly in coastal solonchak and paddy soil developed from marine deposit.1.4nm intergradient mineral appeared frequently in yellow soil,red soil and lateritic red soil.The content of 1.4nm intergradient mineral increased with the decrease of weathering degree from lateritic red soil to red soil to yellow soil.Hydrous micas were more in coastal solonchak,paddy soils derived from marine deposit,lacustrine deposit and river deposit.and puple soil from purple shale than in other soils.Kaolinte was the most important clay mineral in the soils iun this province.The higher the soil weathering degree,the more the kaolinite existed.From yellow soil to red soil to lateritic red soil,kaolinite increased gradually,Kaolinite was the predominant clay mineral accompanied by few other minerals in typical lateritic red soil. Tubular halloysite was a widespread clay mineral in soils of Fujian Province with varying quantities.The soil derived from the paent rocks rich in feldspar contained more tubular halloysite.Spheroidal halloysite was found in a red soil and a paddy soil developed from olivine basalt gibbsite in the soils in this district was largely“primary gibbsite” which formed in the early weathering stage.Gibbsite decreased with the increase of weathering degree from yellow soil to red soil to lateritic red soil.Goethite also decreased in the same sequence while hematite increased.

  13. Chronic patient care at North West Province clinics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claire van Deventer

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Chronic illnesses are a significant burden to the health services in South Africa. There is a specific national health plan whereby chronically ill patients who are acceptably controlled should be managed at clinic level. The perception has emerged that the management of primary care has not been optimal in the Southern District of the North West Province. This provided the motivation to initiate this research, namely consideration of chronic patient care at clinics in the North West Province of South Africa.Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out at four randomly selected clinics covering four sub-districts in the Southern District (North West Province. This was done using charts and registers at the clinics. Inclusion criteria were patients older than 18, and presenting with the following chronic illnesses: asthma/chronic obstructive airways disease (COAD, hypertension, diabetes and epilepsy. The major focus areas were the regular assessment of the patients, the level of control of the illness and the use of the Essential Drugs List and Standard Treatment Guidelines (EDL/STG.Results: In the cases of all the chronic illnesses it was found that regular assessments were poorly done, with asthma (peak flow measurements being the most poorly done. Control was generally less than 50% for all the illnesses, although the EDL was followed fairly well by the personnel at the clinics.Conclusion: In the light of the burden of chronic illness the results give cause for great concern about the quality of care for chronically ill patients, and reasons were sought for some of the poor results. A subsequent decision was taken to carry out comprehensive quality improvement projects on each of the illnesses over the following five years.

  14. Assessment of HCV genotypes in Yunnan Province of Southwest China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Qiongfen; Yao, Yufeng; Shen, Yunsong; Cao, Danfeng; Li, Yalin; Zhang, Shuqiong; Cun, Wei; Sun, Mingbo; Yu, Jiankun; Shi, Li; Dong, Shaozhong

    2016-12-23

    Recently, we reported that the frequency of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes and subtypes has rapidly changed among intravenous drug users (IDUs) in Yunnan Province over the last 5 years; this is especially true for subtype 6a which has increased in frequency from 5 to 15%. Here, we assessed 120 HCV-positive plasma samples from the general population (GP). HCV NS5B fragments were amplified and sequenced by PCR. We identified four HCV genotypes (1, 2, 3 and 6) and seven HCV subtypes (1b, 2a, 3a, 3b, 6a, 6n, and 6k) in this population. Genotype 3 was predominant, with a distribution frequency of 0.484, followed by genotype 1 (0.283), genotype 6 (0.133) and genotype 2 (0.100). HCV subtypes 3b (frequency 0.292) and 1b (frequency 0.283) were the most common subtypes. A comparison of the current data with previous results reported for IDUs showed that the distribution frequencies of genotypes 1, 2 and 6 were significantly different between patients in the GP and IDUs (P HCV subtypes, the distribution frequencies of 1b, 2a, 6a, and 6n were significantly different between patients in the GP and IDU groups (P HCV subtype 6a strains isolated from IDUs and the GP were intermixed and not separately clustered. HCV subtype 6a was predominant not only among IDUs but also among those in the GP in the Guangdong Province and Vietnam. However, HCV subtype 6a was predominant only among IDUs and not among those in the GP in the Yunnan and Guangxi Provinces. Our results indicate that the HCV subtype 6a could rapidly spread across China.

  15. QUALITY AND QUANTITY SURVEY OF HOSPITAL WASTEWATERS IN HORMOZGAN PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sh. Sarafraz, M. R. Khani, K. Yaghmaeian

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Hospital wastewaters are one of the most contaminating wastewaters and need to be paid more attention due to containing infectious agents. In this study, which had been conducted in a period of one year, 7 public hospitals were selected out of 12 public hospitals in Hormozgan Province of Iran. For studying quality of wastewater in hospitals, both influent and effluent wastewaters of treatment plant, if any, were sampled once in each season and totally 30 mixed samples were obtained. In order to determine the quality of hospital wastewaters in all samples, parameters such as pH, BOD5, COD, TSS and temperature were measured. Results of investigation on annual water consumption indicated that average water consumption in hospitals of the province was 194m3/d., considering water-to-wastewater conversion ratio of 0.8 and green yard ratio of 0.3. Wastewater production rate had been estimated to be 47m3/d and 0.362 m3/d.bed. Results indicated that in 7 hospitals of Hormozgan province, mean values of BOD5 ,COD ,TSS in raw wastewater were 242.25 mg/L, 628.1 mg/L and 231.25 mg/L, respectively, pH=7.42 and temperature=30.17 ºC. In Khalij-e-Fars hospital which had wastewater treatment plant, values of these parameters in effluent were 12.53 mg/L and 51.7 mg/L, 19.68 mg/L, respectively, with pH=7.39 and temperature=26.1 ºC. Comparison between values of influent and effluent wastewaters indicated that in understudy cases, contamination rate was higher than determined limits, as compared to environmental standards of the country and it was necessary to establish appropriate treatment plants in these units.

  16. Healthcare Services Expenditure: A Case Study in Isfahan Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferdosi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background Determining and understanding of healthcare costs and its financing method is one of the most important subjects understatement of which can cause such major problems as excessive health costs for households due to the high rate of out-of-pocket expenses. Objectives The current study aimed to analyze the healthcare costs and determine the share of Isfahan province, Iran, from the total healthcare costs of the country from 2006 to 2011. Materials and Methods It was a retrospective and descriptive-analytical study. The required statistical data were gathered from statistical yearbooks of the country and the province, the website of the World Bank, the statistics provided by the Healthcare Department of Isfahan and Kashan Universities of Medical Sciences and the statistical data provided by Iran Statistics Center in 2011, all covering the period of six years from 2006 to 2011. Excel software was used for data analysis and computations of the research. Results During this period, the annual growth average of healthcare and treatment costs were 12% and 20%, respectively. The share of the healthcare sector declined from 33% in 2006 to 25.4% in 2011. In other words, healthcare cost per capita, being about one second of the treatment cost per capita, reduced to a third of treatment per capita in 2011. Conclusions Efficient allocation of financial resources in the healthcare system based on specific goals and strategies, coordination of public and private sectors in providing healthcare services, the rising share of the healthcare sector in GDP of the province and the country, and the preference of prevention over treatment measures can affect achieving the healthcare system goals and surmount challenges such as pay-out-of-pocket and rising healthcare costs, particularly the costs of integrated treatment with full performance.

  17. The Magellan mound province in the Porcupine Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huvenne, V. A. I.; Bailey, W. R.; Shannon, P. M.; Naeth, J.; di Primio, R.; Henriet, J. P.; Horsfield, B.; de Haas, H.; Wheeler, A.; Olu-Le Roy, K.

    2007-02-01

    The Magellan mound province is one of the three known provinces of carbonate mounds or cold-water coral banks in the Porcupine Seabight, west of Ireland. It has been studied in detail using a large and varied data set: 2D and 3D seismic data, sidescan sonar imagery and video data collected during ROV deployment have been used to describe the mounds in terms of origin, growth processes and burial. The aim of this paper is to present the Magellan mounds and their setting in an integrated, holistic way. More than 1,000 densely spaced and mainly buried mounds have been identified in the area. They all seem to be rooted on one seismic reflection, suggesting a sudden mound start-up. Their size and spatial distribution characteristics are presented, together with the present-day appearance of the few mounds that reach the seabed. The underlying geology has been studied by means of fault analysis and numerical basin modelling in an attempt to identify possible hydrocarbon migration pathways below or in the surroundings of the Magellan mounds. Although conclusive evidence concerning the processes of mound initiation proves to be elusive, the results of both fault analysis and 2D numerical modelling failed to identify, with confidence, any direct pathways for focused hydrocarbon flow to the Magellan province. Diffuse seepage however may have taken place, as drainage area modelling suggests a possible link between mound position and structural features in the Hovland-Magellan area. During mound development and growth, the interplay of currents and sedimentation seems to have been the most important control. Mounds which could not keep pace with the sedimentation rates were buried, and on the few mounds which maintained growth, only a few corals survive at present.

  18. Endometriosis in the north Italian province of South Tyrol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinkasserer, Martin; Engl, Bruno

    2009-11-01

    Here, we report regarding the health status and medical support for patients suffering from endometrioisis in South Tyrol, which is a politically autonomous province in the north of Italy containing three different ethnic groups. The health service is administered largely by the autonomous regional government. Because of the establishment of a centre for reproductive medicine and the introduction of laparoscopy as a prime surgery method, the gynaecological department of the hospital in Bruneck developed into a reference centre for diagnosis and surgical treatment for endometriosis. The planned future social, health care and insurance developments on local and national level regarding this illness will be discussed.

  19. Recent Trends of Epidemic Hypertension in Guangdong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Hypertension survey was carried out in Guangdong Province in 1991, according to a national sampling survey program. 42 899 urban and rural men and women aged ≥ 15 were involved in the survey. The results revealed that the standardized prevalence rate of hypertension was 8.99% (definite 4. 24%, borderline 4.75% ) . It was higher in men than in women, in urban than in rural samples.Compared with the survey in 1979, the prevalence rate increased by 90% and the curve of aged- prevalence rates shifted leftward. This article also discuss the possible factors that lead to the increase of hypertension.

  20. Current Development Situation and Prospects of Blueberry in Guangdong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lixia; GAO; Hualan; XIAO; Sen; LI; Fengmin; LIU; Aiqiong; MO

    2015-01-01

    With high nutrition and health value,blueberry receives much concern in recent years. Blueberry experts in the world are cultivating new blueberry varieties. They have come up with constructive theoretical support and planting technology researches and are constantly devoted to expanding blueberry planting latitudes. This paper elaborated researches of blueberry at home and abroad,current development situation of blueberry in China and Guangdong Province,analyzed strengths of planting blueberry in Guangdong. Besides,it came up with recommendations for development of blueberry industry. Finally,it discussed development prospects of blueberry planting in Guangdong.

  1. Hydrobios and Control of Eutrophication in Dongping Lake, Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The Hydrobios in Dongping Lake, Shandong Province, mainly includes phytoplankton, zooplankton, benthic animals, fishes and hydrophytic vascular plants. Nitrogen and phosphorus are the restrictive factors for the growth and propagation of hydrophyta, therefore the key to the prevention and control of eutrophication in lakes lies in the control of the contents of the two elements in the water. Artificial fishing of algae can reduce the concentrations of trophic substances such as nitrogen and phosphorus in the water bodies, and biological measures may decrease the contents of these trophic substances in the bottom sediments and the water bodies, thereby playing an active role in modifying the eutrophication of the lake.

  2. Natural Gas Gathering and Transporting Pipeline Networks in Sichuan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou Xuehou

    1995-01-01

    @@ It is over 30 years since Baxian-Chongqing Gas Transmission Pipeline has been put into operation in 1960s. So far approximately 8 000 km pipelines of various kinds have been built in Sichuan, among which about 1 800 km are gas pipelines (the maximum diameter of 720 mm ),therefor a gathering pipeline system has been established which connects more than 80 gas fields over ten of major industrial cities in Sichuan, such as Chengdu, Chongqing,Zigong, Luzhou, Daxian, Deyang, Mianyang, Nanchong,and more than 600 large and medium size end-users and the chemical fertilizer manufacturing bases in the neighboring provinces of Yunnan and Guizhou.

  3. On Translation of Tourist Attractions of Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程珂

    2015-01-01

    Tourism develops and improves quickly as the more communication with foreign countries. Seas of tourists from different backgrounds and cultures come to China for sightseeing. So the translation of tourist attractions is vital and essential. The qualities of translation of tourist attractions will make different impressions on tourists. Based on the current situation of scenic spots translation in Gansu Province, this thesis tries to analyze the existing problems on translation of the names from the persepective of functionalist theory, then some suggestions are proposed on how to revise and correct them.

  4. Problems in Food Safety of Hunan Province and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fanfan; OUYANG; Fangming; DENG

    2014-01-01

    In recent years,serious food safety accidents are of frequent occurrence. Although government has taken many practical and feasible measures to contain food safety accidents,new food safety accidents still emerge in large numbers. In this situation,food safety control is a long-term and arduous task to be performed jointly by many government departments. Finally,it presents corresponding countermeasures and recommendations on the basis of current situations of food safety in Hunan Province,problem causes,in combination with control measures related to food safety both at home and abroad.

  5. Formal and Informal Rural Credit in Four Provinces of Vietnam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barslund, Mikkel Christoffer; Tarp, Finn

    This paper uses a survey of 932 rural households to uncover how the rural credit market operates in four provinces of Vietnam. Households obtain credit through formal and informal lenders. Formal loans are almost entirely for production and asset accumulation, while informal loans are used...... for consumption smoothening. Interest rates fell from 1997 to 2002, reflecting increased market integration. Moreover, the determinants of formal and informal credit demand are distinct. While credit rationing depends on education and credit history, in particular, regional differences in the demand for credit...

  6. On Translation of Tourist Attractions of Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程珂

    2015-01-01

    Tourism develops and improves quickly as the mor communication with foreign countries. Seas of tourists from different backgrounds and cultures come to China for sightseeing So the translation of tourist attractions is vital and essential. Th qualities of translation of tourist attractions will make differen impressions on tourists. Based on the current situation of sceni spots translation in Gansu Province, this thesis tries to analyz the existing problems on translation of the names from th persepective of functionalist theory, then some suggestions ar proposed on how to revise and correct them.

  7. The Burden of Road Traffic Injuries in Yazd Province - Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmood Vakili

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To estimate the Disabled-adjusted Life Years (DALYs of Road Traffic Accidents in patients referred to hospitals in Yazd Province, central Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Yazd province during 2010. To calculate the Years of Life Lost (YLL due to premature death and to calculate the incidence of non-fatal injuries and Years Lost due to Disability (YLD, the data were collected from Yazd death registration system and hospital records. The causes of death and nature of non-fatal injuries were classified using International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10. We estimated Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs on the guidelines of the Global Burden of Disease Study (discount rate: 0.03, age weight: 0.04, constant age weight correction factor: 0.165. Age and sex composition was taken from the National Statistical Center for the year 2010. Results: During 2009, 483 deaths were caused by traffic accidents in Yazd Province, 382 (79.09% of which were males, and 101 (20.91% were females. The mortality rates for males and females were 70.98 and 20.15 in 100,000, respectively. The years of life lost due to premature deaths were 15.84/1000 in men and 4.75/1,000 in women. Total YLLs caused by traffic accidents were 10,908 years . The injuries caused by traffic accidents were calculated as 15.21 and 3.73/1,000 in males and females, respectively. The total YLDs was calculated 1.51/1,000. The total burden of Road Traffic Injuries in Yazd province was 12478 years (DALYs, 87.41% of which was due to premature death, and 12.59% was related to disability. Also, 78.32% was lost in males. The age specific peak of burden was in 15-29 year. Conclusion: This study showed that traffic accidents in Yazd impose a high burden. It seems that it is one of the health sector priorities. It is recommended to revise laws on use of motorcycles, especially on helmet use for motorcyclists, enforce strict laws in residential areas, and review social

  8. Surface Water Resources Response to Climate Changes in Jilin Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The response of surface water resources on climate changes was studied.[Method] By dint of monthly average temperature and precipitation in 45 meteorological stations in Jilin Province from 1960 to 2000,monthly runoff in 56 hydrological stations in Songhuajiang and Liaohe region,the surface runoff change and the response of surface water resources to climate change in 41 years were expounded.[Result] The runoff of Songliao region was limited during 1960s and 1970s.It began to increase slowly in ...

  9. Development Situation and Future Tendency of Liaohe Oil Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cao Weigeng

    1995-01-01

    @@ Liaohe Oil Province is the third largest one stably developing in China. It's composed of more than 20 oil and gas fields with complicated geological conditions. It has various types of reservoir developing 14 sets of oil-bearig horizon with multi-types of crude oil (light oil,heavy oil and high pour-point oil). From 1970 to the end of 1993, there were 22 oilfields which have been put into exploitation, including Huaxiling Oilfield etc. More, Shuangnan and Kailu Oilfields are now on trial production. Since 1984,the annual incremental production of crude oil from these fields reached over 85× 104 t (see Fig. 1).

  10. Agro-ecosystem Emergy Evolution and Trend in Hunan Province

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Using the emergy analysis method, we conduct trend analysis of changes in the total emergy, input and output structure, various emergy indicators of agro-ecosystem in Hunan Province during the period 1999-2008. The results show that during the study period, total emergy input basically remained stable, but the emergy input structure was constantly optimized, of which the input of non-renewable industrial assistant emergy increased by 38.4%, from 4.00E+22 sej to 5.53E+22 sej, and the input of ...

  11. Analysis of an Abrupt Rainstorm Process in Central Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim is to expound the abrupt rainstorm in the central Hunan Province on May 6 in 2010.[Method] By dint of NCEP 1°×1° reanalysis data,routine observation data,auto-station precipitation and FY-2C satellite data,the large-scale circulation background and physical condition during the large rainstorm period from the night on May 5 to 6 in 2010 were analyzed.The large scale environment,meso-scale characteristics and potential causes for the formation of large precipitation were revealed.By dint ...

  12. Poliomyelitis surveillance in Shandong Province, China, 1990-92.

    OpenAIRE

    Chiba, Y.; Xu, A.; Li, L.; T. Lei; Takezaki, T.; Hagiwara, A.; Yoneyama, T.; T Fujiwara; Hara, M.; Yamamoto, T

    1994-01-01

    In Shandong Province, China, programmes were initiated in 1991 for mass immunization against poliomyelitis and for the immediate reporting of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP). The incidence of non-poliomyelitis AFP was found to be 0.46-0.61 cases per 100,000 children per annum. It appeared that illness resembling the Guillain-Barré syndrome was underreported. The incidence of such illness peaked among children aged 2-3 years. Although laboratory investigations have improved, in 1992 they were st...

  13. Ranking and Clustering of the Economic Status of Rural Residents in 31 Provinces and Regions in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    In order to rank and cluster the economic status of rural residents in 31 provinces, cities and autonomous regions, the MATLAB software is used and the component analysis and the cluster analysis are conducted on the data reflecting the economic status of each area. The results show that the provinces or cities with high comprehensive , scores are Shanghai Municipality, Beijing Municipality, Zhejiang Province, Jiangsu Province, Tianjin Municipality, Guangdong Province, Fujian Province, Shandong Province and Liaoning Province according to priority; the provinces or autonomous regions with low comprehensive scores are Gansu Province, Guizhou Province , Tibet, Uygur autonomous region and Yunnan Province. The economic status of rural residents in the 31 provinces and autonomous regions are partly parallel with the comprehensive economic development. The improvement of the economic status of rural residents is helpful for the overall economic elevation. Therefore, the government should coordinate the economic development of urban and rural areas, industry and agricultural, developed region and undeveloped region, and coastal areas and central and western areas to maximize the social welfare of the whole nation.

  14. Prevalence of OV infection in Yasothon Province, Northeast Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saengsawang, Phubet; Promthet, Supannee; Bradshaw, Peter

    2012-01-01

    A liver fluke, Opisthorchis viverrrini (OV), is the major cause of the high incidence of cholangiocarcinoma in Thailand. The prevalence of OV infection remains high in various parts of the country, especially in Northeast Thailand and particularly in wetland rural areas where a large proportion of the community work in agriculture and continue the traditional practice of eating raw or undercooked cyprinoid fish products. The national control program seems to have had little impact in many of these areas, and it has been difficult to make precise assessments of the overall effectiveness of the program. This paper is the first report of prospective research project designed to monitor the impact of the national control program in rural communities located in a northeastern province and at high risk of OV infection. The participants in this initial survey were 1,569 villagers, aged 20-65 years, living in two subdistricts of Yasothon Province. Stool examinations showed that 38.68% were infected with OV. Males were slightly more likely to be infected than females, but the difference was not statistically significant. Infection was found to be positively associated with age in both males and females. The preliminary data indicate that the population selected for study is suitable for the purpose of the monitoring project.

  15. Consanguineous marriages in the province of Antalya, Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alper, O M; Erengin, H; Manguoğlu, A E; Bilgen, T; Cetin, Z; Dedeoğlu, N; Lüleci, G

    2004-01-01

    To assess the trends in the frequency and the medical effects of consanguinity in the south coast of Turkish population using local and national data in the last 11 years. This cross-sectional study was carried out in Manavgat province, which is a major tourism center on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey. The authors studied consanguineous marriages in rural and urban population in the Mediterranean coast, Manavgat province, Turkey, via a 1500 random survey sample of married couples. There has been a significant increase in the incidence of consanguineous marriages in rural areas (40.7%) since 1989 in the southern population of Turkey. The results showed that the most frequent type of marriage was between the first cousins. It is found that there is no statistically significant difference between the consanguineous and non-consanguineous marriages in the different age groups. The results were discussed on the basis of educational status, reasons for having consanguineous marriages and the general medical effects as well as with the relation of congenital malformations. The custom of consanguineous unions in the Mediterranean population of Turkey is still extremely high, and preventive measures should be done to decrease its frequency and associated complications.

  16. Epidemiology of assaultive injuries in areas of Sichuan province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DENG Zheng-hua; LI Lei-bo; ZHOU Xiao-rong; CHANG Yun-feng; CHEN Xiao-gang

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To scrutinize the epidemiologicalcharacteristics of assaultive injuries in Sichuan province,China.Methods: A survey of all cases of assaultive injuries reported by police was performed during 8 years in eight counties of Sichuan province, China. A total of 2862victims and 2856 offenders were registered.Results: The majority of victims and offenders were young men at the age of 20-39 and only received an education at secondary school or primary school. The largest fraction of these cases took place at farm or by-place during 10. 00-11.00 o'clock, 16.00-17.00 o'clock and 20.00-21.00 o'clock. The tangles caused by trifles were the most common factors inducing assaultive injuries and accounted for 42.1 percent of the causes of assaults. Blunt injuries were mainly caused by punching (40%) and kicking ( 17. 2 %). About 37.3 % of the lesions seriously happened in the regions of face and head. Open wounds accounted for 40.3 % of these different injuries.Conclusions: It is valuable to take some specific measures to prevent and control assaultive injuries according to their territorial characteristics.

  17. A probe into reasons for international migration in Fujian Province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, G

    1990-01-01

    In this paper, the author discusses the extent of international migration from China's Fujian Province and considers the reasons behind the migration. The most recent estimates place China's overseas population at 22.1 million, 19 million (88%) of which are concentrated in Southeast Asia. According to the author's calculations, at least 7 million of the Chinese overseas population are of Fujian descent. Indonesia alone holds some 3.3 million Fujianese. Malaysia, Singapore, and the Philippines account for most of the remaining Fujianese overseas population. Having established the extent of international migration from the Fujian Province, the author attempts to establish the reasons behind it. The author first considers the historical origins of Fujianese international migration, from its early states (end century B.C.-17th century) to modern times *18-early 20th century) to the current period (1949-present). The author then examines the reasons behind the migration, primarily the social environment and individual behavior. Finally, the author provides categories of international migration, stressing that these categories often overlap or coincide. Most of the early migration was "spontaneous" -- essentially, an unplanned occurrence. During the modern period, most migration was "forced" by the contract labor system instituted by colonialists. Political and social upheaval also prompted "provoked" international migration. And following the Chinese Revolution, "free" migration allowed many to return home or to join relative abroad.

  18. Malaria incidence in Limpopo Province, South Africa, 1998–2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grobusch Martin P

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Malaria is endemic in the low-altitude areas of the northern and eastern parts of South Africa with seasonal transmission. The aim of this descriptive study is to give an overview of the malaria incidence and mortality in Limpopo Province for the seasons 1998–1999 to 2006–2007 and to detect trends over time and place. Methods Routinely collected data on diagnosed malaria cases and deaths were available through the provincial malaria information system. In order to calculate incidence rates, population estimates (by sex, age and district were obtained from Statistics South Africa. The Chi squared test for trend was used to detect temporal trends in malaria incidence over the seasons, and a trend in case fatality rate (CFR by age group. The Chi squared test was used to calculate differences in incidence rate and CFR between both sexes and in incidence by age group. Results In total, 58,768 cases of malaria were reported, including 628 deaths. The mean incidence rate was 124.5 per 100,000 person-years and the mean CFR 1.1% per season. There was a decreasing trend in the incidence rate over time (p Conclusion Information from this study may serve as baseline data to determine the course and distribution of malaria in Limpopo province over time. In the study period there was a decreasing trend in the incidence rate. Furthermore, the study addresses the need for better data over a range of epidemic-prone settings.

  19. Agricultural Development Mode Transformation and Government Functions in Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Based on the brief account of the connotation of transforming economic development pattern and government functions,the thesis will introduce the development status of agricultural economy in Guizhou Province:firstly,single agricultural industrial structure;secondly,large gap between urban and rural development;thirdly,low-level utilization of agricultural science and technology;fourthly,fierce contradiction between agricultural mode of production and ecological environment.Then it analyzes the basic requirements for government functions in transforming the development pattern of agricultural economy in Guizhou Province:the first one is the function to guide sustainable development and the structural adjustment of agricultural production;the second is the function to coordinate urban-rural development and equally supply basic public goods;the third is the function to input science and technology to serve agriculture;the fourth one is the dominant function to promote the harmonious development of man and nature as well as to reduce the number of peasants.In order to promote the transformation of agricultural development mode and maintain the sound and rapid economic development,some corresponding measures and suggestions are proposed from the perspective of government functions:firstly,promoting the optimization and upgrading of industrial structure;secondly,the government should take the lead in providing rural public goods;thirdly,strengthening the skills training and technological education of rural labor force;fourthly,reducing the number of farmers and retaining the farmers.

  20. Adsorption of mercury on laterite from Guizhou Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Xiaohong; ZHU Lijun; GUO Baiwei; HE Shouyang

    2008-01-01

    The adsorption behaviors of Hg(Ⅱ) on laterite from Guizhou Province, China, were studied and the adsorption mechanism was discussed. The results showed that different mineral compositons in the laterite will cause differences in the adsorption capacity of latedte to Hg(Ⅱ). Illite and non-crystalloids are the main contributors to enhancing the adsorption capacity of laterite to Hg(Ⅱ). The pH of the solution is an important factor affecting the adsorption of Hg(Ⅱ) on laterite. The alkalescent environment (pH 7-9) is favorable to the adsorption of Hg(Ⅱ). The amount of adsorbed Hg(Ⅱ) increases with increasing pH. When the pH reaches a certain value, the amount of the adsorbed Hg(Ⅱ) will reach the maximum level. The amount of adsorbed Hg(Ⅱ) decreases with increasing pH. The optimal pHs of laterite and kaolinite are 9 and 8, respectively. The optimal initial concentrations of Hg(Ⅱ) on laterite and kaolinite are 250 and 200μg/ml, respectively. The adsorption isotherms were described by the Langmuir model. The adsorption of Hg(Ⅱ) on laterite is a quick process while that of Hg(Ⅱ) on kaolinite is a slow reaction. Laterite from Guizhou Province is a promising environmental material which can be used in the removal of Hg(Ⅱ) from wastewater.

  1. Adsorption of mercury on laterite from Guizhou Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Xiaohong; Zhu, Lijun; Guo, Baiwei; He, Shouyang

    2008-01-01

    The adsorption behaviors of Hg(II) on laterite from Guizhou Province, China, were studied and the adsorption mechanism was discussed. The results showed that different mineral compositons in the laterite will cause differences in the adsorption capacity of laterite to Hg(II). Illite and non-crystalloids are the main contributors to enhancing the adsorption capacity of laterite to Hg(II). The pH of the solution is an important factor affecting the adsorption of Hg(II) on laterite. The alkalescent environment (pH 7-9) is favorable to the adsorption of Hg(II). The amount of adsorbed Hg(II) increases with increasing pH. When the pH reaches a certain value, the amount of the adsorbed Hg(II) will reach the maximum level. The amount of adsorbed Hg(II) decreases with increasing pH. The optimal pHs of laterite and kaolinite are 9 and 8, respectively. The optimal initial concentrations of Hg(II) on laterite and kaolinite are 250 and 200 microg/ml, respectively. The adsorption isotherms were described by the Langmuir model. The adsorption of Hg(II) on laterite is a quick process while that of Hg(II) on kaolinite is a slow reaction. Laterite from Guizhou Province is a promising environmental material which can be used in the removal of Hg(II) from wastewater.

  2. Helminths of guineafowls in Limpopo Province, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Junker

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Between July 2005 and November 2006 the gastro-intestinal helminths of 15 Helmeted guineafowls and a single Crested guineafowl from Musina, Limpopo Province were examined, and in July and August 2005 helminths were collected from five Helmeted guineafowls from Mokopane in the same province. The acanthocephalan Mediorhynchus gallinarum, the cestodes Abuladzugnia gutterae, Davainea nana, Hymenolepis cantaniana, Numidella numida, Octopetalum numida, Ortleppolepis multiuncinata, Porogynia paronai, Raillietina angusta, Raillietina pintneri, Raillietina steinhardti and Raillietina sp. and the nematodes Ascaridia numidae, Cyrnea parroti, Gongylonema congolense, Hadjelia truncata, Sicarius caudatus, Subulura dentigera, Subulura suctoria, Subulura sp., Tetrameres numida and an unidentified subulurid were recovered. A single trematode species, Dicrocoelium macrostomum, was present in the liver. Mediorhynchus gallinarum, A. gutterae, O. multiuncinata, H. truncata and S. caudatus are recorded for the first time from Helmeted guineafowls, as well as from South Africa. South Africa is a new geographic record for D. macrostomum, G. congolense and D. nana. Subulura suctoria, G. congolense and H. truncata from the Crested guineafowl constitute new host-parasite associations.

  3. [Genomic characteristics of coxsakievirus A16 isolated in Henan Province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Xue-Yong; Xu, Yu-Ling; Wei, Hai-Yan; Wu, Jing-Fu; Kang, Kai; Wang, Yan-Xia; Chen, Hao-Min; Xu, Bian-Li

    2012-03-01

    To reveal the genomic sequence characteristics of coxsackievirus A16 (CoxA16) strain isolated from patients with hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) in Henan province. A total of 406 samples were detected by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and cell-culture-based isolation of coxsackievirus A16. The whole genome of CoxA16 isolate was amplified using 10 pairs of primers, the sequences were analyzed and phylogenetic tree was generated by bioinformatics software. The full length of HN1162/HN/CHN/2010 genome was 7411bp. Compared with the other CoxA16 strains released in GenBank, the nucleotide similarities were 87.0-97.9%, 77.0%-95.4%, 80.3%-96.9%, 77.9% 96.2%, 80.5-100% in 5'UTR, P1, P2, P3, 3'UTR region, respectively; The similarities of nucleotide and amino acid sequences in VP1 region were 91.4%-96.4% and 99.3%-99.7%, respectively. Phylogenetic tree analysis showed that CoxA16 strains isolated from Henan, Shenzhen, Guangzhou and Fujian belonged to the same cluster. The newly isolated CoxA16 from Henan province belonged to subgenotype C2/B-2. These results will have great significance in monitoring CoxA16 and for prevention and control of hand-foot-mouth disease.

  4. Liquefaction Susceptibility in the Northern Provinces of Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Supot Teachavorasinskun

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: There are quite a few active faults recently found in the western and northern parts of Thailand, which could possibly induce earthquakes of magnitude (ML of 5.5-6.5. Although seismic design code has been enforced in the area since 1980, the fundamental knowledge on dynamic soil behavior has not been extensively attained. Approach: Collection of existing borehole information in the targeted areas to form a typical subsoil profile. This borehole information, together with analytical result obtained from logistic regression based on worldwide liquefaction database was used to conduct an effective stress analysis. Result: Literature reviews of the existing boreholes from the two largest provinces in the north, Chiang-Mai and Chiang-Rai, revealed that the areas were underlain by layers of loose to medium dense sand found at shallow depths. The corrected SPT N-value of those sand layers varies in the range of 5-20. A simple tool correlating the liquefaction probability, which correlated excess pore water pressure and peak ground acceleration, was proposed for the studied areas. Conclusion: The proposed correlation provided preliminary tool to evaluate risk of the shallow foundation from partial liquefaction in the two northern provinces of Thailand.

  5. Studying surface water balance in Kurdistan province using GIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nader Fallah

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The study of water exchange in a region or area, which emphasizes the principle of conservation of matter in the water cycle, is called balance. Investigating their balance is the basis for managing the rivers’ water management, the results of which refer to the change rate in surface water supply and can efficiently be used in decision making and optimal use of water resources. The present study was carried out in order to investigate the surface water balance in Kurdistan province using GIS. In so doing, digital topographic maps, soil map of the area, and meteorological data retrieved from the regional stations were used to prepare layers of precipitation, evaporation and infiltration of rainwater into the soil. Discharge-arearegion comparative method was employed to measure the amount of runoff and base flow for each sub-basin in raster form saved per unit area which was subsequently overlapped based on balance equation, and the balance of the region was displayed in a graphical mode. The results indicated that more surface water is wasted in the southeast and central area of the province.

  6. Neurological ct Scan Value for Ictus in Cienfuegos Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Idaylí Pérez Rodríguez

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Backgrounds: CT scan constitutes a very important technique in the diagnosis of the cerebrovascular disease. The impact this transcendental event had and will continue having in the medicine area is impossible to state in terms of dimensions during the next years. Objective: To determine the neurological CT scan value for ictus in our milieu. Methods: A retrospective, prospective, longitudinal study of a series of cases performed during a review of statistical reports as well as that of Stroke data base which stores information of patients with neurocitus in our province, and which is based on others aspects founds by means of neurological CT scan. Results: CT scan allowed us to diagnose the type of cerebrovascular event (75.55 % ischemic events, 24.45% hemorrhagic events. It also contributed to the necessary data such as the localization (with predominium of 35.55% in more than one area, and 7.40 % in the parietal area. The presence of cerebral edema was verified in 16.29% of the cases as well as displacement of the midline in 7.40 % both associated to a torpid evolution. It incorporated the Fisher and Le Roux scales showing their prognosis value with elevated measures for deceased patients and decreased values for survivors without disability. Conclusions: The diagnosis and prognosis value were proved as well as CT scan behavior in our milieu. These aspects permit the reliable introduction of new therapeutic modalities in our province.

  7. Ecological Construction Based on Land Use Zoning of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xin; YE; Zhongxiang; YU

    2013-01-01

    Anhui Province is divided into 6 zones according to land use. This paper firstly introduces ranges, characteristics and problems of land use zoning in Anhui Province. On these bases, it presents the respective ecological construction mode. Huaibei Plain Zone should focus on agriculture and implement water conservancy project, ecological shelterbelt project and mining subsidence area control works. Jianghuai Hilly Zone should make breakthrough in transforming slope land, speed up restoring forest, grass and vegetation, and implement water-saving agriculture and prevention and control of soil erosion. The Yangtze River Side Plain Zone should take the opportunity of agricultural structural adjustment to implement the ecological construction mode of "reconverting farmland to forests, wetland and lakes". Western Anhui Dabie Mountain Zone should concentrate on setting apart hills for tree growing and transforming slope land, restoring and expanding forest, grass and vegetation, and implementing prevention and control of soil erosion. Southern Anhui Mountain Zone should focus on protecting natural forest, setting apart hills for tree growing, conceding the land to forestry and developing eco-tourism. Residential area should pay close attention to new urbanization construction, center on citizenship of agricultural population, push forward integration of industry and city, coordination of urban and rural areas, and interactive development of primary, secondary and tertiary industries.

  8. Evaluation of Congenital Hypothyroidism in Fars Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamdollah Karamifar

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: In Iran thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH based neonatal screening program is included in health care services from 2005 for detection of patients with primary congenital hypothyroidism (CH. This study was performed for a critical evaluation of the screening program primary congenital hypothyroidism in Fars province,Iran.Methods: From November 2006 to September 2007, TSH serum concentrations of 63031 newborns, 3 to 5 days old born in Fars province, were measured by heel prick. The newborns with TSH ≥5mIU/L were recalled for measurement of serumT4 and TSH in venous blood samples Findings: Of 127 recalled subjects, 43 were confirmed to be hypothyroid, showing a prevalence of 1:1465 with F:M ratio of 1.05:1. The most common clinical and radiological findings were prolonged jaundice (73%, large anterior fontanel (56%, wide posterior fontanel (55%, absence of distal femoral epiphysis (20%, andumbilical hernia (11%. Scintigraphy of the thyroid with 99mTC revealed eutopia (67.4%, hypoplasia (23.3%,agenesis (4.7% and ectopia (2.3%.Conclusion: It is concluded that a cut off value of TSH≥5mIU/L overestimates recalling the number of patientswith CH. The most common cause of congenital hypothyroidism is not dysgenesis of the gland and perhaps dyshormonogenesis in Iran is more common than what is reported in other countries.

  9. The Characteristics of Earthquake Swarms in and around Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huang Yun; Tian Jianming; Miao Ali

    2011-01-01

    This paper systematically analyzed 36 earthquake swarms in and around Jiangsu Province, summarized their characteristics and discussed the relationship between earthquske swarms and subsequent strong earthquakes. It also analyzed the judgment criteria for precursory earthquake swarms. Earthquake swarms in Jiangsu Province are concentrated in several areas. Most of them were of magnitude ML2. 0 ~ 3. 9. For most earthquake swarms, the number of earthquakes was less than 30. Time duration for about 55% of earthquake swarms was less than 15 days. The biggest magnitude of one earthquake swarm was not proportional to the number of earthquakes and time duration. There are 78% of earthquake swarms corresponded to the forthcoming earthquakes of M 〉 4. 6 in which there're 57% occured in one year, This shows a medium- and short-term criterion. Distance between earthquake swarm and future earthquake was distributed dispersedly. There were no earthquakes occurring in the same location as earthquake swarms. There was no good correlation between the magnitude and the corresponding rate of future earthquakes and the intensity of earthquake swarms. There was also no good correlation between the number of earthquakes in an earthquake swarm and the corresponding rate. The study also shows that it's better to use U-p or whole-combination to determine the type of earthquake swarm.

  10. Agro-ecosystem Emergy Evolution and Trend in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Yu-lin; LI Ming-jie; HOU Mao-zhang; LI Sha; LONG Yu-zi; WANG Mao-xi

    2012-01-01

    Using the emergy analysis method,we conduct trend analysis of changes in the total emergy,input and output structure,various emergy indicators of agro-ecosystem in Hunan Province during the period 1999-2008.The results show that during the study period,total emergy input basically remained stable,but the emergy input structure was constantly optimized,of which the input of non-renewable industrial assistant emergy increased by 38.4%,from 4.00E +22 sej to 5.53E +22 sej,and the input of renewable organic emergy declined from 1.32E +23 sej to 1.20E + 23 sej;total emergy yield and yield efficiency of this system were promoted dramatically,and in 2008,the total emergy yield reached 1.69E +23 sej,increasing by 23.8% as against that in 1999,the net emergy yield ratio rose from 0.79 to 0.96;since the environmental loading ratio also tended to rise constantly,from 1.12 to 1.79,the sustainability index of this system also experienced the slow downward trend,from 0.71 to 0.54,always less than 1,indicating that the agriculture in Hunan Province is the high consumption-driven ecosystem in general,with obvious features of extensive development.

  11. Epidemiology of gastroenterologic cancer in Henan Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian-Bang Lu; Xi-Bin Sun; Di-Xin Dai; Shi-Kuan Zhu; Qiu-Ling Chang; Shu-Zheng Liu; Wen-Jie Duan

    2003-01-01

    AIM: To estimate the mortality rates of gastroenterologic cancers for the period between 1974 and 1999, in Henan Province, China and its epidemiologic features.METHODS: Information on death of patients with cancer was provided by the county-city registries. Population data were provided by the local police bureau. All the deaths of cancer registered were classified according to the threedigit rubric of the ICD-9. Cancer mortality rates reported herein were age-adjusted, using the world population as standard and weighted piecewise linear regression analysis.RESULTS: Total cancer age-adjusted mortality rates were 195.91 per 100 000 for males and 124.36 per 100 000 for females between 1996 and 1998. During the period of 19741999, a remarkable decrease took place in esophageal carcinoma, stomach cancer remained essentially stable and liver cancer, a moderate increase. Colorectal cancer was slightly increased over the last two decades.CONCLUSION: The population-based cancer registry can give an accurate picture of cancer in Henan Province, by providing a set of analyses of selected cancer mortality data as a source of reference for researchers in cancer, public health and health care services.

  12. Dietary intake of zinc in the population of Jiangsu Province, China.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yu, Q.; Boonstra, A.; Shi, Z.; Pan, X.; Yuan, B.; Dai, Yue; Zhao, J.; Zimmermann, M.B.; Kok, F.J.; Zhou, M.

    2009-01-01

    Objectives: To evaluate dietary zinc and other divalent minerals intake among the population of Jiangsu Province. Methods: 3,867 subjects aged 4-89 years were representatively sampled in two urban and six rural areas of Jiangsu Province. Dietary intake was assessed using 24-hour recalls on three con

  13. Research on Rural Consumer Demand in Hebei Province Based on Principal Component Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    By selecting the time sequence data concerning influencing factors of rural consumer demand in Hebei Province from 2000 to 2010,this paper uses the principal component analysis method in multiplex econometric statistical analysis,constructs the principal component of consumer demand in Hebei Province,conducts regression on the dependent variable of consumer spending per capita in Hebei Province and the principal component of consumer demand so as to get principal component regression,and then conducts quantitative and qualitative analysis on the principal component.The results show that total output value per capita (yuan),employment rate,and income gap,are correlative with rural residents’ consumer demand in Hebei Province positively;consumer price index,upbringing ratio of children,and one-year interest rate are correlative with rural residents’ consumer demand in Hebei Province negatively;the ratio of supporting the elderly and medical care spending per capita are correlative with rural residents’ consumer demand in Hebei Province positively.The corresponding countermeasures and suggestions are put forward to promote residents’ consumer demand in Hebei Province as follows:develop county economy in Hebei Province and increase rural residents’ consumer demand;use industry to support agriculture and coordinate urban-rural development;improve rural medical care and health system and resolve actual difficulties of the masses.

  14. Earthquakes clustering based on the magnitude and the depths in Molluca Province

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wattimanela, H. J., E-mail: hwattimaela@yahoo.com [Pattimura University, Ambon (Indonesia); Institute of Technology Bandung, Bandung (Indonesia); Pasaribu, U. S.; Indratno, S. W.; Puspito, A. N. T. [Institute of Technology Bandung, Bandung (Indonesia)

    2015-12-22

    In this paper, we present a model to classify the earthquakes occurred in Molluca Province. We use K-Means clustering method to classify the earthquake based on the magnitude and the depth of the earthquake. The result can be used for disaster mitigation and for designing evacuation route in Molluca Province.

  15. A Case Study of a Joint Virtual Reference Network in Jiangsu Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bing Wang

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This study discusses the development of a collaborative digital reference service in Jiangsu Province, China. 13 city and 6 county libraries have participated in the Joint Reference Network of Public Libraries in Jiangsu Province hosted by Nanjing Library.

  16. Recommendations for Construction and Management of Ecological Public Welfare Forest in Hainan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang XUE; Renhui HONG; Dunxi LI; Zhipan LIN; Xiaoyan WANG; Shaofeng SU

    2016-01-01

    This paper firstly evaluated ecological service functions of ecological public welfare forest in Hainan Province. Then,it introduced value structure and existing problems of ecological service functions. Focusing on optimization and adjustment of scale and distribution of ecological public welfare forest,it came up with recommendations for construction and management of ecological public welfare forest in Hainan Province.

  17. Risk Assessment and Zoning of Agricultural Drought Disaster in Heilongjiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENG Kai; CHEN Hong; ZHANG Li-juan; GAO Yu-hong

    2011-01-01

    In this study, we first zoned the drought degree in the years from 1971 to 2000 in Heilongjiang Province by using precipitation anomaly equation as an indicator, and analyzed the temporal distribution characteristics and laws of arid disaster in different periods. Using the method of human being habitat risk assessment, we further studied and zoned the drought disaster risk index(DDRI) of maize cultivated in 74 stations in Heilongjiang Province via GIS software. The results showed that (1) the occurrence frequency of moderate and heavy drought in Heilongjiang Province was 1970s >1990s > 1980s, and (2) the high risk area of drought disaster for maize production mainly assembled in Qiqihar and Daqing regions in west Heilongjiang Province, where agricultural drought should be highly concerned, while low risk and slight risk areas mainly distribute in middle areas and east plain areas in Heilongjiang Province. Our study provided basis for the defense of agricultural drought disaster.

  18. The Analysis of Development Condition of Taekwondo Dan System in Hebei Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cao Shen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article made use of the literature, questionnaire and mathematical statistics method for the Taekwondo practitioners and coaches in Hebei province to carry out investigation, analysis on the development situation of Dan system of Taekwondo, to influence and implement Dan system development of Taekwondo in Hebei province. The results showed, most road museums are organizing assessment of Dan System, but there is still half of the practitioners are willing to participate in grading system of examination and did not participate in. The results show that the development of grading system of Taekwondo in Hebei province, however, there are still some problems. The research of this paper provides a theoretical basis for the development of Hebei province, but also to contribute to the promotion of Taekwondo Dan made better development in Hebei province.

  19. China Forest Aboveground Biomass Estimation by Fusion of Inventory and Remote Sensing Data: 1st results from Heilongjiang Province and Yunnan Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pang, Y.; Li, Z.; Huang, G.; Sun, G.; Cheng, Z.; Zhang, Z.; Zhang, G.

    2013-12-01

    Forests play an irreplaceable role in maintaining regional ecological environment, global carbon balance and mitigating global climate change. Forest aboveground biomass (AGB) is an important indicator of forest carbon stocks. Estimating forest aboveground biomass accurately could significantly reduce the uncertainties in terrestrial ecosystem carbon cycle. LIDAR provides accurate information on the vertical structure of forests (Lefsky et al., 2007; Naesset et al., 2004; Pang et al., 2008). Combining airborne LiDAR and spaceborne LiDAR for regional forest biomass retrieval could provide a more reliable and accurate quantitative information in regional forest biomass estimate (Boudreau et al., 2008; Nelson et al., 2009; Pang et al., 2011; Saatchi et al., 2011). The Heilongjiang Province and Yunnan Province are rich in forest resources and suffers intensive forest management activities for timber products. The Heilongjiang Province is typical in temperate forest and the Yunnan Province contains multiple forest types including tropical forest. These two provinces also have good ground inventory system with thousands of permanent field plots. Two campaign consists of in-situ measurement, airborne Lidar data and spaceborne data fusion were designed and implemented. First results show that i). Both spaceborne lidar and forest inventory data are useful for AGB mapping at province level. ii). The combination of spaceborne lidar and forest inventory data gave better biomass estimation with less bias. iii). A pixel level bias mapping was also proposed and gave spatial explicit map of estimation uncertainties. This method will be investigated further with more reference data and tested in other area.

  20. An Empirical Analysis of the Export Competitiveness of Agricultural Products in Hubei Province Based on Inter-provincial Comparison

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ling WANG

    2016-01-01

    With the six provinces of Central China and China’s six major provinces of exporting agricultural products as the reference objects,this paper uses revealed comparative advantage index and export growth advantage index to perform the empirical analysis and comparison on the export competitiveness of agricultural products in Hubei Province,and finally makes the corresponding policy recommendations in order to enhance the export competitiveness of agricultural products in Hubei Province.

  1. Characteristics of Droughts in South Africa: A Case Study of Free State and North West Provinces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina M. Botai

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The Free State (FS and North West (NW Provinces are often hard hit by droughts with impacts on water availability, farm production and livestock holdings. The South African government declared the two Provinces drought disaster areas in the 2015/2016 hydrological year. This is a major drawback, since both the Provinces play an important role to South African economy as they are a haven to agricultural production and have major water reservoirs in South Africa. This study was undertaken to investigate the historical evolution of drought within the FS and NW Provinces over the past 30 years. The Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI and Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI calculated based on monthly meteorological data from 14 weather/climate stations within the FS and NW Provinces were used to explore and characterize variation in drought intensity, duration, frequency and severity in FS and NW Provinces during 1985–2015. Results indicate that there exist localized positive and negative trends with spatial dependence across the selected stations. In particular, about 60% of the weather stations exhibiting a decreasing trend are located in FS Province, suggesting that FS has being experiencing increasing drought during the analyzed period compared to NW Province. Results from the analysis of drought evaluation indicators (DEIs calculated from SPEI suggest that drought severity and frequency was more pronounced in FS while the intensity of the drought was more in NW Province during 1985–2015. In addition, based on SPEI calculations, moderate drought occurrences increased during 1985–1994 and 1995–2004 periods and decreased thereafter (2005–2015 in both Provinces. Drought classification based on parameters derived from SPEI produced similar results for mild drought occurrences during the same time scales.

  2. Assessment of Wind Energy Potential in Golestan Province of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Hashemi-Tilehnoee

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Renewable energy sources are estimated to have a thriving future in many countries as well as Iran. The aim of this work is the evaluation of wind energy potentiality for the five counties of Golestan province in the northern region of Iran. A long term data source, consisting of  30 years in Gorgan, 22 years in Gonbade-e Qabus, 21 years in Maraveh Tappeh, 9 years in Aliabad, and 7 years in Bandar-e Turkaman of eight-hourly mean wind data, was adopted and analyzed. Mean wind power based on quantified data, Weibull distribution function, the relative percentage error (RPE and wind direction between obtaining values of wind power has been considered. According to these data, it was found that the numerical values of the shape parameter and scale parameter for Golestan varied a tight range. Annual values of ‘‘k’’ ranged from 2.7 to 4.7 where it is constant in different elevation because of better performance of this method in estimating wind energy potential, while annual values of ‘‘c’’ were in the range of 2.6 m/s in 10 m and 7.6 m/s in 40 m. Wind power densities have been estimated and relatively low for large wind turbines. The consequences indicate that in some months Maraveh Tappeh and Bandar-e Turkaman has best wind energy potential, as class 2, in order to establish some small wind turbine models for the sustainable development of Golestan province. Article History: Received Sept 13, 2015; Received in revised form Dec 27, 2015; Accepted January 17, 2016; Available online How to Cite This Article: Babayani, D., Khaleghi, M. and Hashemi-Tilehnoee, M. (2016 Assessment of Wind Energy Potential in Golestan Province of Iran. Int. Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 5(1, 25-31. http://dx.doi.org/10.14710/ijred.5.1.25-31 

  3. Overexploitation of Abalone at Libong Island, Trang Province, Southern Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chanyut Sudtongkong

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abalone is generally known as a fishery resource of high economic value. The wild abalone from Libong Island iswidely known for its potential as a cocktail-size and high-quality broodstock for hatcheries. The high market price andexternal demand have encouraged local fisherman to catch the wild abalone without proper management, resulting in a nearextinction crisis in the abalone population in this area. The present evaluation of abalone management at Libong Island,Trang Province, Thailand, was conducted using local user perceptions. Sixteen performance indicators included effectiveness indicators, equity indicators, and sustainable indicators. These were measured to determine whether the abalonemanagement activities had achieved the set objectives in terms of better conditions for abalone cultivation and sustainability.The results revealed that the abalone population has undergone degrading and decline due to lack of proper managementmeasures in this area. The findings suggest that practical management is needed for the abalone population at Libong Island.

  4. Improvement of Ecological Footprint Method and Application in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Niu Shuhai; Jin Fengjun; Liu Yi

    2005-01-01

    The measure of sustainable development has always been an important and difficulty subject,and the major evaluation model has three types:indicators based on system theory and methods,indicators relied on economic valuation of the environment, sustainability indicators including biophysical assessments. The ecological footprint analysis initiated by William E. Rees, one of the indicators including biophysical assessments, gets rid of the defects of the other models. Ecological footprint has gradually become popular on account of the measuring indexes based on scientific theory,innovative thought-way and its wide adaptability.This paper introduces the conception and computation method, making a progress and making up for the method of ecological footprint, and finally,makes an application analyses through Henan province regional sustainable development.

  5. Molecular epidemiological characteristics of norovirus gastroenteritis outbreaks in Guangdong province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUI LI; LING FANG; LI RONG ZOU; CHANG WEN KE; PING HUANG; JI CHENG HUANG

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this work is to study the molecular epidemiological characteristics of norovirus gastroenteritis outbreaks in Guangdong. During October 2003 and December 2004, fecal and anal swabs specimens collected from 13 outbreaks of non-bacterial gastroenteritis were tested for norovirus. Specimens were detected by RT-PCR and sequenced. The descriptive data were also collected. Eight in 13 outbreaks of gastroenteritis were positive for norovirus. All of 8 virus strains were identified as genogroup Ⅱ but belonged to 3 genotypes. Six strains were G Ⅱ-4 genotype. Norovirus is a major cause of outbreaks of nonbacterial gastroenteritis in Guangdong province and has a wide distribution. The illness happended from late autumn to winter. The prevalent strains were genogroup Ⅱ virus.

  6. Vegetation of Doi Tung, Chiang Rai Province, Northern

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. F. Maxwell

    Full Text Available The climate of Doi Tung, Chiang Rai Province, is monsoonal with three distinctseasons, viz. cool-dry, hot-dry, and rainy. The elevation ranges from c. 350-1525m and mostof the bedrock is limestone and granite. Vegetation below c. 1000m is mostly deciduous,while above this it is evergreen. A mixed evergreen + deciduous facies is present on thelimestone peaks (up to 1425m. Forest destruction as well as settlements are widespread,thus creating increasingly severe problems with water resources, soil quality and stability, andbiodiversity. The planting on pine monocultures in deforested areas 20 years ago in uplandgranite areas has resulted in much environmental degradation which requires immediaterectification.

  7. Natural radioactivity in soil in the Baluchistan province of Pakistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mujahid, S A; Hussain, S

    2010-08-01

    The measurements of natural radioactivity and the assessment of radiological hazards in the soil samples of Baluchistan province of Pakistan have been carried out using HPGe detector. The soil gas radon activities in these areas have also been measured using lucas cell technique. The measured activities of (226)Ra, (232)Th and (40)K were found in the range of 15-27, 20-37 and 328-648 Bq kg(-1), respectively. The calculated absorbed dose rate in air and the annual effective dose were in the range of 35-59 nGy h(-1) and 0.17-0.29 mSv, respectively. Radon activity in the soil gas was found in the range of 357-2476 Bq m(-3).

  8. Helminth parasites of small mammals in Kerman province, southeastern Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fasihi Harandi, Majid; Madjdzadeh, Seyed Massoud; Ahmadinejad, Mohammad

    2016-03-01

    Fifty-one specimens of small mammals were collected from different locations of Kerman province, southeastern Iran during 2007 and 2009. They constitute six species of rodents (Meriones persicus, Meriones libycus, Tatera indica, Dryomys nitedula and Mus musculus), one species of Erinaceomorpha (Paraechinus hypomelas) and one species of hare (Lepus europeus). The rate of helminthic infection was 45.1 % among all trapped specimens. In 28 out of 51 hunted specimens no intestinal helminth parasite was found. Of all mammals examined, 15 (29.4 %) had nematodes, 5 (9.8 %) had cestodes, and 3 (5.9 %) were infected with Acanthocephala. Five different species of parasites were isolated: Trichuris muris, Moniliformis moniliformis, Hymenolepis diminuta, Hymenolepis nana, and Mastophorus muris. Results of the present study indicate the potential of small mammals in the transmission of zoonotic helminthic infection.

  9. Impacts of Climate Change on Droughts in Gilan Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ladan Kazemi Rad

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Drought as a complex natural hazard is best characterized by multiple climatological and hydrological parameters and its assessment is important for planning and managing water resources. So understanding the history of drought in an area is essential like investigating the effects of drought. In this study at first climate parameters affecting the drought have downscaled by LARS-WG stochastic weather generator over Gilan province in Iran. After choosing a suitable model, the outputs were used for assessing the drought situation in the period of 2011-2030. Assessing the drought was done by TOPSIS method during 2 periods (present and future. After validation of the method, zoning the drought was performed by IDW method in GIS. Results showed that the expanse of situations with lower drought index will increase. Also we will expect more droughts in these regions for the future.

  10. Identifying sports cultural opportunity – Case Study of Mazandaran Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Ahmadzadeh

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Sport is an important tool to draw the national attention. Sport is a big assembly to make identity. Also, sport is a cause for identity and unity. The purpose of this study is to identify the cultural opportunity of sport in the province of Mazandaran in Iran. The research method was mixed. Sequential exploratory mixed method of the first method is qualitative and quantitative methods. The study included all the Mazandaran managers, coaches, experts, judges and athletes at the national level. The results show that directors, judges and experts believe that people's happiness and euphoria in winning the sports events is the most sport important cultural opportunity in Mazandaran (All kinds of sport were included. A lot of money is spent on TV programs and movies to fill the people's free time.

  11. [The prevalence of acute vascular optic neuropathies in Donetsk Province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonova, A I

    1989-01-01

    The analysis of the wide-spread nature of acute vascular pathology of the optic nerve in Donetsk Province, according to applications for the period of 10 years--from 1978 to 1987, has shown a continuing growth of this pathology in the general structure of optic nerve diseases, being considerably greater in a young (30-44 years) and a middle-aged (45-59 years) age groups. The highest level of the wide-spread nature of the disease has been and remains in persons above 60 years of age. At the present time, the most critical age for development of acute vascular optic neuropathies is a middle-aged group. Among the patient of this age group women prevail and among men with this pathology prevail unskilled workers and employers.

  12. Geochemistry of carbonatites in Maoniuping REE deposit, Sichuan Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许成; 黄智龙; 刘丛强; 漆亮; 李文博; 管涛

    2003-01-01

    Carbonatites in the Maoniuping REE deposit, Sichuan Province, which are spatially and temporally associated with rare earth mineralization, were emplaced at the time of Himalayan. The rocks are carbonatite-syenite complexes, with the mineral assemblages of calcite-aegirine-acmite- arfvedsonite-mica-orthoclase. The rocks are characterized by the enrichment in incompatible elements, such as Sr, Ba and REE, with C and O isotopic compositions of the "primary igneous carbonatites", relatively high initial 87Sr/86Sr ratios and low ??Nd values. All of these suggest that the rocks were derived from the metasomatic enriched mantle. It is demonstrated by geological and geochemical evidence that the mixing of the Himalayan subducting crustal materials with mantle source EM1 is probably the main factor responsible for the formation of carbonatites. The carbonatite-syenite complexes were generated from liquid immiscibility of CO2-rich alkalic silicate magma, which was derived from partial melting of the metasomatic mantle.

  13. The Analysis of Economic Growth Cycle in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    According to the data of practical GDP time sequences from 1978 to 2009 provided by Henan Statistical Yearbook of every year,Hodrick-Prescott filter model is established,and it is disintegrated into tendency component(potential yield)and fluctuation component(yield gap).The critical division loci of filter model are 4 wave crest years(1980,1988,1996 and 2007),and 3 trough years(1984,1992 and 2002).Thus since the opening up and reform,the economic growth fluctuation of Henan can be divided into 3 complete cycles and 2 incomplete cycles.Based on the economic situation and background within and without province,we preliminarily conclude the stage-characteristics of all growth cycles and the probable reasons of fluctuation.On the whole,the economic growth cycle of Henan takes on astringency to some extent,and sustainability and stability are reinforced,showing the characteristics of growth-type cycle increasingly.

  14. International immigration, internal migration, and homicide in Canadian provinces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andresen, Martin A

    2013-05-01

    The relationship between immigration and crime is politically charged and often fueled by the presence (or lack) of xenophobia. Many theoretical and empirical assessments of this relationship indicate that immigration does indeed lead to increased crime, but more recent (and very early) research investigating homicide calls this finding into question. The current analysis investigates the relationship between immigration and homicide using multiple measures of migration and Canadian provinces as the unit of analysis. It is found that the link between immigration and homicide is complex and dependent on the measure of migration used. Generally speaking, the results presented here are consistent with the more recent and very early research. Immigration, in and of itself, does not increase homicide. Rather it is the increase in the most criminogenic subpopulation that matters, that is young males.

  15. "Seroepidemiological Survey of Brucellosis Among Animal Farmers of Yazd Province"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MH Salari

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Brucellosis has remained a great problem of health in most of countries, which have failed in control of zoonosis infections. This disease is caused by species of Brucella and usually is transferred from animals to humans. The purpose of this study was to investigate the seroprevalence of brucellosis among animal farmers of Yazd province. In this descriptive study, 933 animal farmers were investigated by serological tests and blood culture method. Then the data were analyzed by SPPS statistical program. The results showed that the frequency distribution of seropositive cases by MAT and STAT were 35 (3.2%; 25 (2.7% males and 10 (1.1% females. The highest and lowest incidences of seropositive cases were among age group of 21-30 (1% and more than 60 (0.3% years old, respectively. Of the 35 seropositive cases, 2MET positive were 5 (0.5%, while all blood cultures were negative.

  16. Rural sewage treatment processing in Yongjia County, Zhejiang Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, W. H.; Kuan, T. H.

    2016-08-01

    Issues regarding water pollution in rural areas of China have garnered increased attention over the years. Further discussion on the circumstances and results of existing domestic sewage treatment methods may serve as an appropriate reference in solving these important issues. This article explored the current conditions of water contamination in rural areas of China, introduced the characteristics and effects of applicable sewage treatment technology, and summarized the results of the planning, installation, and operation of rural sewage treatment facilities in Yongjia County in Zhejiang Province. However, relying on a single technical design rule is not adequate for solving the practical problems that these villages face. Instead, methods of planning rural sewage treatment should be adapted to better suit local conditions and different residential forms. It is crucial, ultimately, for any domestic sewage treatment system in a rural area to be commissioned, engineered, and maintained by a market-oriented professional company.

  17. ANALYSIS ON AGRICULTRUAL INFORMATION DEMAND --Case of Jilin Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Hui-min; JIANG Hui-ming

    2005-01-01

    With the rapid development of agricultural informalization in the world, the demand of agricultural information has been a focus in the international agriculture and information fields. Based on the investigation, this paper presented the four characteristics of the demand of agricultural information in China, including regionality, seasonality, great potential demand and variation in kind and level. The factors influencing the demand of agricultural information were analyzed by the Optimized Less Square (OLS) method. The result shows that, of all factors influcing agricultural information demand, the most important one is economy, the second is facility of information pass,and knowledge and education of user, credit of agricultural information service system and production situation follow. Taking Jilin Province as an example, this article also elaborated the agricultural information demand status, and deduced the regression model of agricultural information demand and verified it by the survey in rural Jilin.

  18. Estimating methane emissions from mangrove area in Ranong Province, Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suwanchai Nitisoravut

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to estimate methane emissions from the mangrove area of Ranong Province andto explore the factors affecting the emissions, as part of an attempt to evaluate methane contribution to the global methane budget. Methane was measured by using a closed chamber technique and analyzed by a gas chromatograph equipped with a flame ionization detector (FID. The results showed that the annual estimated methane emission was released at approximately 157.32 mg/m2. The amount of methane emission from this mangrove area was lower than in other previously studied areas. Emission rates varied seasonally with the highest rate in the rainy season followed by summer and cold seasons, during which the values were 0.52, 0.27, and 0.19 mg/m2/day, respectively. Seasonal variations of methane emission was related to several factors depending upon field conditions such as water conductivity, soil temperature, and water level.

  19. Goechemical and Hydrogeochemical Properties of Cappadocia Geothermal Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furkan Sener, Mehmet; Sener, Mehmet; Uysal, Tonguc

    2016-04-01

    In order to determine the geothermal resource potential of Niǧde, Nevşehir and Aksaray provinces in Central Anatolian Volcanic Province (CAVP), geothermal fluids, surface water, and alteration rock samples from the Cappadocia volcanic zone in Turkey were investigated for their geochemical and stable isotopic characteristics in light of published geological and tectonic studies. Accordingly, the Cappadocia Geothermal Province (CGP) has two different geothermal systems located along tectonic zones including five active and two potential geothermal fields, which are located between Tuzgölü Fault Zone and Keçiboyduran-Melendiz Fault and north of Keçiboyduran-Melendiz Fault. Based on water chemistry and isotope compositions, samples from the first area are characterized by Ca-Mg-HCO3 ve Ca-HCO3 type mineral poor waters and Ca-Na-SO4 and Ca-Mg-SO4 type for the cold waters and the hot waters, respectively, whereas hot waters from the second area are Na-Cl-HCO3 and Ca-Na-HCO3 type mineral poor waters. According to δ18O and δ2H isotope studies, the geothermal waters are fed from meteoric waters. Results of silica geothermometer indicate that the reservoir temperature of Dertalan, Melendiz Mount, Keçiboyduran Mount, Hasan Mount (Keçikalesi), Ziga, Acıgöl, and Derinkuyu geothermal waters are 150-173 oC, 88-117 oC, 91-120 oC, 94-122 oC, 131-156 oC, 157-179 oC; 152-174 oC and 102-130 oC, respectively. The REE composition of geothermal fluids, surface water, and mineral precipitates indicate that temperature has a strong effect on REE fractionation of the sampled fluids. Eu- and Ce- anomalies (Eu/Eu*, Ce/Ce*) are visible in several samples, which are related to the inheritance from the host reservoir rocks and redox-controlled fractionation of these elements during water-rock interactions. REE and Yttrium geochemistry results of altered rock samples and water samples, which were taken from same locations exhibited quite similar features in each system. Hence, it was

  20. Bryophytes of beach forests in Chon Buri Province, Thailand

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    Phiangphak Sukkharak

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available An investigation of bryophyte diversity of three beach forests including Had Tung Prong, Had Tein Talay, and the beach forest in Thai Island and Sea Natural History Museum in Chon Buri Province, Thailand, was carried out. From 137 enumerated specimens, 16 species (6 mosses, 10 liverworts in 12 genera (5 mosses, 7 liverworts and eight families (5 mosses, 3 liverworts were found. Among those the most common families of mosses are Fissidentaceae (2 species and the most common families of liverwort are Lejeuneaceae (8 species. A comparison of species richness among the three areas revealed that the highest species richness of bryophytes was found in Had Tung Prong. Moreover, of all bryophyte species found, Weissia edentula Mitt. was the most common one.

  1. Activity of gammaglutamiltransferase in addicts of Dnipropetrovsk province

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    E. B. Motorya

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Change of GGT activity is studied in patients using alcohol and narcotic substances. 2878 residents of the Dnipropetrovsk province are examined. The increase of GGT activity is marked in 528 cases (18.3 %. It may be caused by increasing synthesis as a result of activating enzymes which ensure this process. The activation may be initiated by alcohol and medicines, by the damage of cellular membranes under the action of toxic agents, under ischemia and infection-induced liver injury, and by the detachment of enzymes from cellular membranes affected by detergent bile acids under the cholestasis. Ordinary values for major part of examined patients (81.7 % may be explained by only episodic taking alcohol and narcotic drugs, which was not affect the liver parenchyma, and also by effective treatment normalized the enzyme’s activity.

  2. Carrying Capacity of Marine Region in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Carrying capacity is one of important studies on coordinating development of population, resources, and environment. At present, the researches on it mainly concentrate on the carrying capacity for population and economy,such as the water resources carrying capacity, the land resources carrying capacity, the environment carrying capacity,etc. Based on the related theories and methods, this paper creatively proposed the concept and meaning of carrying capacity of marine region, and formed the appraisal system. According to the developing situation of marine economy of Liaoning Province in recent years, and by employing the method of the state space, this paper also measured the cartying capacity and carrying state of marine region and discussed the sustainable problems of marine economy of Liaoning. The research results show that the carrying state of marine region of Liaoning is in the state of overloading at present, but taking a favorable turn.

  3. Changes in Ecosystem Service Values in Fuxin City, Liaoning Province

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    Guowei Li

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Variation in ecosystem services value across land-use scenarios in Fuxin City of Liaoning Province were explored in the study. Two-period land use survey data (1996 and 2010 were used to estimate changes in the size of seven land use categories and the most recently published value equivalent was used to estimate changes in the values of ecosystem services. The total value of ecosystem services in Fuxin City was 17674.75 million Yuan in 1996 and 19077.59 million Yuan in 2010, with an increase of 1402.84 million Yuan mainly due to the inclining areas of forestland and grass land, which indicated the eco-environment in Fuxin City has been becoming better and better. However, agricultural land including farmland and orchard showed the tendency of decrease, which indicated food security has been facing with challenge in Fuxin City.

  4. Ultramafic xenoliths in Mesozoic diorite in west Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Lihui; ZHOU Xinhua

    2004-01-01

    Ultramafic xenoliths are common in Tietonggou intrusion, Laiwu, Shandong Province. Peridotite xenoliths develop two-stage metasomatism popularly: (i) The early metasomatism is characterized by intergranular clinopyroxene and phlogopite; (ii) The later metasomatism is characterized by orthopyroxene veins with a few plagioclases and amphiboles. These ultramafic xenoliths are thought to be mostly from the crust-mantle transitional zone on the basis of their combination, mineral chemistry, equilibrium temperature, and metasomatic characteristics. Major elements, rare earth elements, and Sr-Nd isotopic composition of the ultramafic xenoliths indicate that there is a petrogenetic relationship between the silica-enriched xenoliths and their host diorites. We propose that such silica enrichment might be an indicator of melt-rock interactions in the Mesozoic lithosphere beneath western Shandong.

  5. Factors associated with preterm labor in Hormozgan province in 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roozbeh, Nasibeh; Moradi, Soheila; Soltani, Shirin; Zolfizadeh, Fatemeh; Hasani, Mehdi Tadris; Yabandeh, Asiyeh Pormehr

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Preterm labor is the main cause of infants’ death, and the main reason for undesirable consequences of pregnancy which still occur in some births, despite all of the interventions in this regard. The aim of this study was to evaluate every preterm birth and determine its maternal risk factors in Hormozgan province in 2013. Methods This case-control study was conducted in 2013 on the health and hospital records of 735 pregnant mothers with preterm labor (20–37 weeks) which were located in Bandar Abbas in southeast Iran. The sampling method would be multi-stage cluster sampling. The data collecting tool was a valid questionnaire by the Iran Ministry of Health and Medical Education, which included 5 components (demographic information, checking the current pregnancy of the mother, the maternal factors related to preterm labor in the previous pregnancy, evaluating the fetal factors associated with preterm labor in the current pregnancy and other additional information related to the factors associated with prematurity). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, regression and Chi-square tests Results The prevalence of preterm labor in Hormozgan province in 2013 was 5.5%. In our study and among the effective factors on preterm labor, revealed genital-urinary tract infections during pregnancy were (35.8%), PROM (30.3%), history of abortion (19.9%) and unplanned pregnancy (18.1%) in between pregnant women with preterm labor. Our study showed that most mothers had delivered in 33 to 37 weeks among the mothers who had preterm labor in 2013 (75%) and the statistic of very preterm labor (less than 32 weeks) in Hormozgan was 5%. Conclusion Identification of the prevalence and associated factors with preterm labor can reduce the mortality rate and infants’ complications of it in addition to help find a way to prevent this problem.

  6. Genetic diversity of natural Hepatacodium miconioides populations in Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Junmin; JIN Zexin

    2006-01-01

    Hepatacodium miconioides is the Class Ⅱ protected plant species in China.This paper studies the genetic diversity and differentiation of its nine natural populations in Zhejiang Province by using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) technique.Twelve random primers were selected in the amplification,and 164 repetitive loci were produced.The percentage of polymorphic loci in each H.miconioides population ranged from 14.60% to 27.44%,with an average of 20.73%.Among the test populations,Kuochangshan had the highest percentage of polymorphic loci,Simingshan took the second place,and Guanyinping had the lowest percentage.As estimated by Shannon index,the genetic diversity within H.miconioides populations accounted for 27.28% of the total genetic diversity,while that among H.miconioides populations accounted for 72.72%.The genetic differentiation among H.miconioides populations as estimated by Nei index was 0.715,7.This figure was generally consistent with that estimated by Shannon index,i.e.,the genetic differentiation among populations was relatively high,but that within populations was relatively low.The gene flow among H.miconioides populations was relatively low (0.198,7),and the genetic similarity ranged from 0.655,7 to 0.811,9,with an average of 0.730,6.The highest genetic distance among populations was 0.422,9,while the lowest was 0.208,3.All the results showed that there was a distinct genetic differentiation among H.miconioides populations.The genetic distance matrix of nine test populations was calculated using this method,and the clustering analysis was made using the unweighted pair group method with arithmetic mean (UPGMA).The cluster analysis suggested that the ninepopulations of H.miconioides in Zhejiang Province could be divided into two groups,the eastern Zhejiang group and the western Zhejiang group.

  7. Molecular Identification of Giardia duodenalis Isolates from Fars Province, Iran.

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    Mohammad Rayani

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Giardia duodenalis is one of the most common human intestinal protozoan parasites worldwide and is endemic throughout the world with a vast range of mammalian hosts. The present study aimed to identify the prevalence of G. duodenalis isolates and determine the most common of its assemblages in the patients referring to health centers and hospitals in Fars province, Iran that will be subjected to further molecular investigation.We collected 1000 human fecal samples from health centers and hospitals in Shiraz, Iran in a one year period from September 2009 to August 2010. Microscopic examination for the presence of G. duodenalis cysts and trophozoites was performed by direct wet mount before and after the concentration techniques. Extraction of DNA was performed by Phenol-Chloroform-Isoamylalcohol (PCI. G. duodenalis-positive specimens were analyzed by PCR. A fragment of the SSU-rDNA (292 bp gene was amplified by PCR using the forward primer RH11 and the reverse primer RH4. Genotyping was performed using sequence analysis of G. duodenalis glutamate dehydrogenase gene using primers GDHeF, GDHiF, and GDHiR.The prevalence of Giardia infection was 10.7% (107/1000 examined based on microscopic examination. PCR identified 80% (40/50 of the samples as positive for G. duodenalis based on SSU-rDNA amplification on sucrose gradient samples. Besides, genotyping results indicated 32 isolates (80% as assemblage AII and 8 isolates (20% as assemblage BIII and BIV based on the DNA sequence analysis of the glutamate dehydrogenase locus of G. duodenalis.The findings of this study emphasize that Iran (Fars Province is a favorable area for giardiasis with an anthroponotic infection route.

  8. REGIONAL TOURISM COOPERATION IN TRIANGLE ZONE OF LIAONING PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LONG Jiang-zhi

    2005-01-01

    Strengthening the regional tourism cooperation is the requirement of both tourism development and tourist competition drive. On the one hand, resources, products, market and infrastructure in tourism are characteristics of half-public goods, which are the externalities. On the other hand, tourism competition has evolved from individual scenic spot, or firm competition to regional competition, which also requires urgent regional tourism cooperation. In recent years, the regional economic cooperation has been becoming popular in the world. The triangle tourism zone of Liaoning Province, constituted by Shenyang, Dalian and Dandong, is the core region of Liaoning tourism system. This regional tourism cooperation has been raised for a long time, but has not made substantial progress as yet. In recent years, the strategic cooperation among them has been becoming urgent, along with the change of tourism competition models, as well as the desire for building a Northeast Asia tourist economy circle. Based on literature, this paper establishes a conceptual frame of regional tourism cooperation and applies it in the analysis of the strategic tourism cooperation of Liaoning Province's golden triangle zone. This paper firstly examines both qualifications and motives concerning with cooperation among the three cities, and believes that the biggest difficulties involve traditional ideas, administrative institutions, communications, economic performances, time constraints, and more overlap among their tourist markets. Then this paper continues to construct a cooperating mechanism, including participant arrangements, construction of operating mechanism and construction of assisting mechanism. At last, this paper proposes approaches to the strategic cooperation such as introducing Xiuyan County, strategic integration and developing differentiated and complemented tourism products.

  9. Numerical Simulation on a Heavy Rainfall Event over Jiangxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU; Zu-gang; JIANG; Yong-qiang; ZHANG; Gao-ying; ZHANG; Wen-jun; WANG; Cheng-lin

    2012-01-01

    [Objective]The aim was to discuss the heavy rainfall formation mechanism and to reveal the causes of rainstorm. [Method] Based on the conventional observational data, a numerical simulation and diagnosis analyses have been carried on heavy rainfall event over Jiangxi province from 16 June to 20 June 2010, with a meso-scale REM model. The results showed that this rare rainstorm was a typical heavy rainfall over Meiyu front. The cold air flow behind the 500 hPa East Asia trough and 700 hPa North China vortex joined up the southwestern flow located in the northwest part of the strong and stable subtropical high, thus the cold air and warm air converged and maintained over the northern part of Hunan and Jiangxi province. Since the area that cold air and warm air joined up was stable and the southwestern warm and wet flow was abnormally strong, the vapor, dynamical, and thermodynamic conditions was leading to the trigger development of meso-scale convection systems. The extraordinary rainstorm was caused by the interaction of many factors such as strong vapor and convergence ascending motion, weak cold air activities in middle-levels, the strengthening of southwestern low-level jet, the formation and maintenance of southwestern vortexes, etc. The simulated precipitation of the high resolution model was very similar with the observational rainfall. The model had a good predictive skill for the location, intensity and center of heavy rainfall. By diagnosing the physical variables, it found that the distribution characteristic of the physical variables had an obvious indication for precipitation forecast. [Conclusion] The study provided reference to improve rainstorm forecast.

  10. Hepatitis B Infection in Hemodialysis Patients in Tehran Province, Iran

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    Mitra Mahdavimazdeh

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: Hemodialysis (HD patients seem to be at considerable risk of acquiring HBV infection. This study was carried out to determine the seroprevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV infection in hemodialysis patients living in the province of Tehran and to investigate the association between viral hepatitis B and the probable risk factors for HD patients..Methods: From June to August 2005, this study was done on the entire HD population of the province of Tehran (2630 patients; 1505 males and 1125 females, mean age: 53.4 years. Social and demographic data, date of onset of HD, length of time receiving HD services, history of a kidney transplant, multiple sex partners, and other probable risk factors were evaluated. Blood samples were tested for liver enzyme levels as well as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV 1, HIV 2, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg, hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs, and hepatitis C antibody (anti-HCV..Results: A total of 64 patients were HBsAg positive (2.4%. The male-to-female ratio was 45/19 for HBsAg-positive patients and 1462/1104 for the remaining patients (P = 0.03, respectively. Except for nationality (P < 0.001, previous kidney transplants (P < 0.001, age (P < 0.001, and transient HD (P < 0.001, no association was found between HBV infection and probable risk factors..Conclusions: Common erythropoietin administration, blood testing for transfusion purposes, implementation of universal precaution in dialysis units as well as the use of dedicated machines for HBV-infected patients has led to a decreasing trend of HBV infection. Periodic surveillance of HBV infection among patients undergoing hemodialysis is strongly recommended.

  11. Characterizing wetland change at landscape scale in Jiangsu Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Chi; Sheng, Sheng; Zhou, Wen; Cui, Lijuan; Liu, Maosong

    2011-08-01

    Human activities produced great impacts on wetlands worldwide. Taking Jiangsu Province, China, as a representative wetland region subject to extensive human activities, the aim of this study is to understand the conversion trajectory and spatial differentiation in wetland change from a multi-scale perspective. Based on multi-temporal Landsat images, it was found that the natural wetlands decreased by 11.2% from 1990 to 2006 in Jiangsu Province. Transition matrices showed that the conversion of natural wetlands to human-made wetlands (mostly aquaculture ponds) was the major form of natural wetland reduction, accounting for over 60% of the reduction. Percentage reduction and area reduc tion of natural wetlands were respectively quantified within different wetland cover zones using a moving window analysis. Average percentage reduction showed a decreasing tendency with increasing wetland cover. The high-cover and mid-cover zone presented the largest area reduction at the scales of 1-2 km and 4-8 km, respectively. Local hotspots of natural wetland reduction were mapped using the equal-interval and quantile classification schemes. The hotspots were mostly concentrated in the Lixiahe marshes and the coastal wetland areas. For the area reduction hotspots, the quantile classification presented larger area and more patches than the equal-interval classification; while an opposite result was shown for the percentage reduction hotspots. With respect to the discontinuous distribution of the natural wetlands, area reduction could be more appropriate to represent reduction hotspots than percentage reduction in the study area. These findings could have useful implications to wetland conservation.

  12. Oil and Gas Resources of the Arctic Alaska Petroleum Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houseknecht, David W.; Bird, Kenneth J.

    2006-01-01

    The Arctic Alaska Petroleum Province, encompassing all the lands and adjacent Continental Shelf areas north of the Brooks Range-Herald arch, is one of the most petroleum-productive areas in the United States, having produced about 15 billion bbl of oil. Seven unitized oil fields currently contribute to production, and three additional oil fields have been unitized but are not yet producing. Most known petroleum accumulations involve structural or combination structural-stratigraphic traps related to closure along the Barrow arch, a regional basement high, which has focused regional hydrocarbon migration since Early Cretaceous time. Several oil accumulations in stratigraphic traps have been developed in recent years. In addition to three small gas fields producing for local consumption, more than 20 additional oil and gas discoveries remain undeveloped. This geologically complex region includes prospective strata within passive-margin, rift, and foreland-basin sequences. Oil and gas were generated from multiple source rocks throughout the region. Although some reservoired oils appear to be derived from a single source rock, evidence for significant mixing of hydrocarbons from multiple source rocks indicates a composite petroleum system. Both extensional and contractional tectonic structures provide ample exploration targets, and recent emphasis on stratigraphic traps has demonstrated a significant resource potential in shelf and turbidite sequences of Jurassic through Tertiary age. Recent estimates of the total mean volume of undiscovered resources in the Arctic Alaska Petroleum Province by the U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Minerals Management Service are more than 50 billion bbl of oil and natural-gas liquids and 227 trillion ft3 of gas, distributed approximately equally between Federal offshore and combined onshore and State offshore areas.

  13. Epidemiology of Japanese–B– encephalitis infection in pigs in Riau and North Sumatera Provinces

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    Indrawati Sendow

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available Epidemiology study on Japanese-B-Encephalitis (JE was conducted in Riau and North Sumatera Provinces. A total of 190 pig sera from Riau Province and 164 pig sera from North Sumatera were tested using competitive ELISA (C-ELISA to detect antibodies against JE virus. Insect collection was also conducted using several methods near pig farms in those provinces and identified into species to gain more information on its role to distribute JE infection. Serological results indicated that 70% pig in Sumatera and 94% pig in Riau had antibodies against JE virus. The highest prevalence of reaktor was detected in pig of more than 4 months age in both Provinces. The results of insect collection showed that Culex tritaeniorchynchus and Culex quinquefasciatus were the most dominant species in both provinces. Based on serological testing, indicated that JE virus infected pig in Sumatera and Riau Provinces, and higher reactor was obtained in older pig. Culex tritaeniorchynchus and Culex quinquefasciatus were the dominant insect species in both provinces, hence those species had a possibility to play an important role of JE transmission.

  14. Distribution of endemic and introduced tick species in Free State Province, South Africa

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    Ivan G. Horak

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The distributions of endemic tick vector species as well as the presence of species not endemic to Free State Province, South Africa, were determined during surveys or opportunistic collections from livestock, wildlife and vegetation. Amongst endemic ticks, the presence of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus was confirmed in the north of the province, whilst Rhipicephalus decoloratus was collected at 31 localities mostly in the centre and east, and Ixodes rubicundus at 11 localities in the south, south-west and centre of the province. Amongst the non-endemic species adult Amblyomma hebraeum were collected from white rhinoceroses (Ceratotherium simum on four privately owned farms, whilst the adults of Rhipicephalus microplus were collected from cattle and a larva from vegetation at four localities in the east of the province. The collection of Rhipicephalus evertsi mimeticus from a sheep in the west of the province is the second record of its presence in the Free State, whereas the presence of Haemaphysalis silacea on helmeted guineafowl (Numida meleagris and vegetation in the centre of the province represents a first record for this species in the Free State. The first collection of the argasid tick, Ornithodoros savignyi, in the Free State was made from a domestic cow and from soil in the west of the province. The localities at which the ticks were collected have been plotted and the ticks’ role in the transmission or cause of disease in domestic livestock and wildlife is discussed.

  15. Quantitative Analysis of Contribution of Industrial Structure to Economic Growth in Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The industrial structure in Jiangsu Province realizes the transformation from "secondary industry-primary industry-tertiary industry" to "tertiary industry-secondary industry-primary industry". However, the effectiveness of this model of industry-dominate industrial structure and the role of industrial structure pattern in promoting regional economic growth are yet to be researched. By using shift-share analysis method, we judge the importance of factors of industrial structure in regional economic growth of Jiangsu Province, and point out that factors of industrial structure are not the dominant forces in economic growth of Jiangsu Province; among the contributions of three industries to economic growth of Jiangsu Province, the contribution of the primary industry is greatest, followed by the contribution of secondary industry and the contribution of tertiary industry successively; real estate industry makes the greatest contribution to economic growth of Jiangsu Province; financial industry and construction industry make relatively small contributions; the potential of industry needs to be further developed. In the process of economic development of Jiangsu Province, the industrial structure is yet to be further optimized so as to give play to the role of industry in promoting the development of Jiangsu Province.

  16. Ranking provinces based on development scale in agriculture sector using taxonomy technique

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    Shahram Rostampour

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to determine comparative ranking of agricultural development in different provinces of Iran using taxonomy technique. The independent variables are amount of annual rainfall amount, the number of permanent rivers, the width of pastures and forest, cultivated level of agricultural harvests and garden harvests, number of beehives, the number of fish farming ranches, the number of tractors and combines, the number of cooperative production societies, the number of industrial cattle breeding and aviculture. The results indicate that the maximum development coefficient value is associated with Razavi Khorasan province followed by Mazandaran, East Azarbayjan while the minimum ranking value belongs to Bushehr province.

  17. An Empirical Study on Telecommunication Development in the Rural Areas of China's 12 Western Provinces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Hong

    2005-01-01

    This paper studied rural telecom markets in China's 12 western provinces with Seemingly Unrelated Regression (SUR) models. Using two regress analysis of telecom business income and rural telephone permeation rate in 12 western provinces, we got some new conclusions such as, the installation and usage of telephones among farmers are affected by several variables, and income is only one of them. According to our data analysis, variables influencing the installation and usage of telephones are not the same. Different variables exert different degrees of influence in the provinces.

  18. Evaluation of the Development of Circular Agriculture in Sichuan Province Based on the Coefficient of Variation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fangying; ZHOU; Shunqiang; SUN; Joseph; J.Molnar

    2015-01-01

    Circular agriculture helps to solve the drawbacks of traditional agricultural production and achieve unified economic and ecological benefits,consistent with the concept of sustainable development.Based on the theoretical perspective of circular agriculture,this paper builds the evaluation indicator system for circular agriculture in Sichuan Province,and uses the coefficient of variation to evaluate the current situation of development of circular agriculture in Sichuan Province from 2000 to 2012.Then it analyzes the obstacles to the development of circular agriculture in Sichuan Province in 2012,and sets forth the targeted recommendations.

  19. GIS-based Risk Zone of Flood Hazard in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to study the flood disaster risks in Anhui Province based on GIS. [Method] Taking country as basic unit, the 1∶ 250 000 basic geographic data in Anhui Province as basis, from the angle of flood disaster hazard and economic vulnerability, and by dint of the calculation of the weight of each impact factor with entropy-based fuzzy AHP method, flood risk assessment model was established to study the flood disaster risks zoning in Anhui Province. Using nearly 10 years of disaster informat...

  20. Record of the Pacific Large Low Shear Velocity Province Upwellings Preserved in the Cretaceous Large Igneous Provinces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madrigal, P.; Gazel, E.; Flores, K. E.; Bizimis, M.; Jicha, B. R.

    2015-12-01

    As the surface expression of deep mantle dynamics, Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) are associated with the edges of large low shear velocity provinces (LLSVP) rooted at the core-mantle boundary. Instabilities in the LLSVP can cause periodic upwellings of material in the form of mantle plumes, which impact the lithosphere forming LIPs. However, the time frames of these massive lava outpourings are still uncertain. While continental LIPs are more readily accessible, oceanic LIPs have only been studied through drilling and sampling of fragments accreted to continental margins or island arcs, hence, they are relatively less understood. The impact of oceanic LIPs on oceanic biota is conspicuously recorded in global occurrences of black shale deposits that evidence episodes of anoxia and mass extinctions shortly after the formation of LIPs that ultimately can affect life on the entire planet. Our new geochemical and geochronological data of accreted Pacific LIPs found in the coasts of Nicoya Peninsula in Costa Rica record three LIP pulses possibly reflecting upwelling periods of the LLSVP at 140, 120 and 90 Ma. In order to test different models of origin of these LIPS, we created a complete reconstruction of the Pacific Plate configuration from the Mid-Jurassic to Upper-Cretaceous to show the existing correlation between upwelling pulses at edges of the Pacific LLSVP, oceanic anoxic events and the age from Pacific LIPs. We propose that since the formation of the Pacific plate at circa 175-180 Ma, a series of upwellings that interacted with mid-ocean ridge systems separated by 10-20 Ma have affected the planet periodically forming oceanic LIPs that still can be found today on the Pacific seafloor and accreted along the plate margins.

  1. Volcanostratigraphic Sequences of Kebo-Butak Formation at Bayat Geological Field Complex, Central Java Province and Yogyakarta Special Province, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Mulyaningsih

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Bayat Complex is usually used as a work field for students of geology and other geosciences. The study area is located in the southern part of the Bayat Complex. Administratively, it belongs to Central Java Province and Yogyakarta Special Province. The lithology of Bayat is very complex, composed of various kinds of igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic, and volcanic rocks. Most of previous researchers interpreted Bayat as a melange complex constructed within a subduction zone. Kebo-Butak is one of formations that forms the Bayat field complex. The formation is composed of basalt, layers of pumice, tuff, shale, and carbonaceous tuff. Most of them are known as volcanic rocks. These imply that volcanic activities are more probable to construct the geology of Bayat rather than the subducted melange complex. The geological mapping, supported by geomorphology, petrology, stratigraphy, and geological structures, had been conducted in a comprehensive manner using the deduction-induction method. The research encounters basalt, black pumice, tuff with basaltic glasses fragments, zeolite, argilic clay, as well as feldspathic- and pumice tuff. Petrographically, the basalt is composed of labradorite, olivine, clinopyroxene, and volcanic glass. Black pumice and tuff contain prismatic clinopyroxene, granular olivine, and volcanic glasses. Feldspathic tuff and pumice tuff are crystal vitric tuff due to more abundant feldspar, quartz, and amphibole than volcanic glass. Zeolite comprises chlorite and altered glasses as deep sea altered volcanic rocks. The geologic structure is very complex, the major structures are normal faults with pyrite in it. There were two deep submarine paleovolcanoes namely Tegalrejo and Baturagung. The first paleovolcano erupted effusively producing basaltic sequence, while the second one erupted explosively ejecting feldspathic-rich pyroclastic material. The two paleovolcanoes erupted simultaneously and repeatedly.

  2. Therapy,Divination,Necromancy,and Calamity Avoiding——Language Witchcraft in Bai Qiulian in the Book Strange Storie s from a Chinese Studio from the Perspective of Literary Anthropology%治疗·占卜·招魂·禳灾——《聊斋志异·白秋练》中语言巫术现象的文学人类学解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柏愔

    2015-01-01

    In terms of the human worship of language,language is endowed with huge supernatural forces,and thus it can be viewed as the communication medi-um between human and God. In this way,language,as a kind of divine tribute,has the same power with reality,which can control nature and human activity. This paper takes the story of Bai Qiulian in the Book Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio as a case study,analyzing some language witchcraft activities su-ch as reciting poetry as a treatment,divination and necromancy with poetry,and writing magic charms from the perspective of literary anthropology to show vari-ous functions of language,namely,narrative therapy,divination,necromancy,and calamity avoiding. It can be seen from those plot arrangements in the story that language is linked with several kinds of magic functions and language itself has been deified,which can help us know further about language witchcraft in an-cient times.%语言崇拜认为语言具有超自然的巨大力量,将语言视为人与神沟通的媒介,从而使语言拥有了近乎于实在的力量.本文以《聊斋志异·白秋练》为个案研究,从文学人类学这一角度对这一文本中的吟诗治病、以诗占卜和以诗招魂、以及符咒书写等由语言崇拜而产生的语言巫术现象进行了解读,探讨了语言巫术所呈现的叙事治疗、占卜、招魂以及禳灾等各种不同的神奇功能,这为我们能够进一步地了解远古社会中的语言巫术现象提供了启示.

  3. 成都城区蔬菜地土壤中农药残留及其分布特征%Residual of organochlorine pesticides and distribution characteristics in the vegetable soils from Chengdu region of Sichuan province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘声旺; 吴云霄; 罗竞红; 李玲

    2011-01-01

    采用GC-ECD检测、GC/MS-MS确证的方法对成都城区14个区县蔬菜地土壤中23种有机氯农药(OCPs)进行分析,以揭示OCPs的残留现状及其分布特征.结果表明,OCPs残留水平在不同区县间差异很大,变化范围20.18~104.33 μg·kg-1之间,近郊区县(双流、龙泉驿、郫县、新都、温江)远低于边缘区县.被检出的18种OCPs中,DDTs、HCHs检出率最高(100%),残留水平为16.11~99.51、1.31~9.34μg·kg-1,分别占OCPs残留总量质量分数的87.68%、8.15%;六氯苯(HCB)次之(90%);灭蚁灵、环氧七氯、硫丹I和γ-氯丹也有不同程度的检出(44.29%~47.14%),主要分布在近郊区县;艾氏剂、狄氏剂、异狄氏剂、毒杀芬的检出率较低(32.86%~37.14%),多分布于彭州、都江堰、大邑、崇州等地.土壤中OCPs的各种异构体、代谢物变化规律显示,DDTs、HCHs残留主要源于早期的使用或大气输入,但不排除金堂、青白江、新津地区近期可能有新的DDTs输入,崇州、彭州、都江堰、大邑地区可能有HCHs输入.%To determine current levels of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and to assess their distribution characteristics in vegetable soils, soil samples were collected from fourteen sites in Chengdu region of Sichuan province in July 2010, and twenty-three kinds of OCPs were quantified by means of gas chromatography equipped with a 63Ni electron-capture detector (GC-ECD) system. Results showed that OCPs were found widely in all soil samples and ranged from 20.18 to 104.33 μg·kg-1, and residue levels of OCPs in soils from outskirts of Chengdu (e.g. Shuangliu, Long quan-yi, Pi county, Xindu and Wenjiang) was apparently less than those from outlying counties (e.g. Jintang, Qin bai-jiang, Xinji, Pujiang, Pengzhou, Du jiang-yan, Dayi and Chongzhou). Among eighteen kinds of OCPs found, including 1, 1, l-trichloro-2, 2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane(DDT) and its metabolites 1, 1-dichloro-2, 2-bis (p-chlorophenyl)ethylene(DDE) and 1

  4. Attributes for NHDPlus Catchments (Version 1.1) for the Conterminous United States: Physiographic Provinces

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This dataset represents the area of each physiographic province (Fenneman and Johnson, 1946) in square meters, compiled for every catchment of NHDPlus for the...

  5. Special Data Collection System (SDCS) event report, Southern Sinkiang Province, 27 October 1975

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hill, K.J.; Dawkins, M.S.; Baumstark, R.R.; Gillespie, M.D.

    1976-01-13

    A report is given of seismic data from the Special Data Collection System (SDCS) and other sources for the Southern Sinkiang Province event on 27 October 1975. Published epicenter information from seismic observations is given.

  6. On Competitiveness of Agricultural Industrial Clusters in Hubei Province Based on GEM Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN De-gang

    2012-01-01

    Firstly, this paper summarizes concept of the agricultural industrial cluster and GEM model. Then, it analyzes the competitiveness of agricultural industrial clusters in Hubei Province from three aspects, namely, the foundation, enterprises and market. In the aspect of the foundation, Hubei Province has superior geographical location, rich natural resources, abundant human resources, diversified capital sources, and hardware and software facilities. In the aspect of enterprises, agricultural suppliers (farmers) are relatively scattered in Hubei Province, organizational level of relevant enterprises is constantly improved, and structure and strategy of enterprises are constantly innovated. In the aspect of market, the competition of agricultural products is fierce in local market, and it is difficult to explore external market. Finally, it presents countermeasures to improve the competitiveness of agricultural industrial clusters in Hubei Province, including building agricultural industrial park and cultivating key leading enterprises, strengthening innovation management, and increasing financial support.

  7. Review and Prospect on Japonica Hybrid Rice Research in Anhui Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Cheng-quan; WANG Shou-hai; WANG De-zheng; LUO Yan-chang; ZHANG Pei-jiang; WU Shuang; DU Shi-yun; XU Chuan-wan

    2005-01-01

    The breeding history and commercial exploitation of japonica hybrid rice in Anhui Province, China over the last threedecades were reviewed. Besides, the bottleneck problems restricting the development of japonica hybrid rice in China weresummarized, and corresponding technological countermeasures were proposed.

  8. Superfund GIS - Physiographic Provinces, Aquifer Outcrops and Recharge Rates in Tennessee

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This dataset is a coverage of the physiographic provinces, aquifer outcrops and recharge rates for Tennessee. Each polygon is attributed with its associated...

  9. Epidemiology investigation of initial hemodialysis patients in Shanxi province during 2010-2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李静

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the incidence,primary disease and vascular access of the initial hemodialysis patients in Shanxi province during 2010-2011.Methods A total of 3434 chronic renal failure(CRF) patientsstarting

  10. Map Service Showing Geology, Oil and Gas Fields and Geological Provinces of the Former Soviet Union

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map service includes geology, center points of oil and gas fields, geologic provinces, and political boundaries in the Former Soviet Union. This compilation is...

  11. Map Service Showing Geology and Geologic Provinces of the Asia Pacific Region

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map service includes geology, major faults, geologic provinces, and political boundaries in the Asia Pacific Region. This compilation is part of an interim...

  12. National Assessment of Oil and Gas Project - Uinta-Piceance Province (020) Maturation Contours

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The maturation contours show vitrinite reflectance trends and ranges for five key petroleum system horizons within the Uinta-Piceance Province. The horizons are the...

  13. Prevalence of Opisthorchis viverrini-Like Fluke Infection in Ducks in Binh Dinh Province, Central Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dao, Thanh Thi Ha; Abatih, Emmanuel Nji; Nguyen, Thanh Thi Giang; Tran, Ha Thi Lam; Gabriël, Sarah; Smit, Suzanne; Le, Phap Ngoc; Dorny, Pierre

    2016-06-01

    Following the first report of Opisthorchis viverrini infection in a domestic duck in Phu My District of Binh Dinh Province, Central Vietnam, many other cases were observed in the province. We determined the infection rate and intensity of O. viverrini infection in ducks in 4 districts of the province. A total of 178 ducks were randomly selected from 34 farms for examination of flukes in the liver and gall bladder. An infection rate of 34.3% (range 20.7-40.4% among districts) was found; the intensity of infection was 13.8 worms per infected duck (range 1-100). These findings show the role of ducks as a host for O. viverrini, duck genotype, which is sympatric with the human O. viverrini genotype in this province. It also stresses the need for investigations on the zoonotic potential and the life cycle of this parasite.

  14. Assessment of Permian coalbed gas resources of the Karoo Basin Province, South Africa and Lesotho, 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schenk, Christopher J.; Brownfield, Michael E.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Klett, Timothy R.; Mercier, Tracey J.; Hawkins, Sarah J.; Gaswirth, Stephanie B.; Marra, Kristen R.; Finn, Thomas M.; Le, Phuong A.; Leathers-Miller, Heidi M.

    2017-02-21

    Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated undiscovered, technically recoverable mean resources of 5.27 trillion cubic feet of coalbed gas in the Karoo Basin Province.

  15. Assessment of shale-gas resources of the Karoo Province, South Africa and Lesotho, Africa, 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brownfield, Michael E.; Schenk, Christopher J.; Klett, Timothy R.; Pitman, Janet K.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Gaswirth, Stephanie B.; Le, Phuong A.; Leathers-Miller, Heidi M.; Mercier, Tracey J.; Finn, Thomas M.

    2016-07-08

    Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated undiscovered, technically recoverable mean resource of 44.5 trillion cubic feet of shale gas in the Karoo Province of South Africa and Lesotho, Africa.

  16. Epidemiological survey on the hepatitis C virus and its genotyping analysis in Henan province in 2012

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔为国

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the prevalence and distribution of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes in Henan province in 2012.Methods A total of 32 203 permanent residents (1 to 74 years old) in Henan were recruited

  17. Twenty six cases of human Fasciola gigantica infection in Dali,Yunnan province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈木新

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the epidemic situation,clinical symptom,diagnosis and epidemiological characteristics of human Fasciola gigantica infection in Dali,Yunnan province. It will also provide a scientific basis for fasciolosis control and prevention. Methods Epidemic

  18. 76 FR 80870 - Notice of Determination of Pest-Free Areas in Mendoza Province, Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-27

    ... additional areas as pest-free areas for Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata) in Argentina. We... that, in addition to the pest-free status for C. capitata, the Mendoza province of Argentina also...

  19. Diseases and treatment reported by shrimp and tilapia farmers in Guangdong Province, China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Kang; Liu, Liping; Clausen, Jesper Hedegaard;

    Guangdong province is the most important region for tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) culture in China that meet demands from both national consumers and export markets. However, the intensified production has brought increased disease problems, antibiotics and other...

  20. Assessment of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources of the Timan-Pechora Basin Province, Russia, 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schenk, C.J.; Bird, K.J.; Charpentier, R.R.; Gautier, D.L.; Houseknecht, D.W.; Klett, T.R.; Moore, T.; Pawlewicz, M.J.; Pittman, J.; Tennyson, M.E.

    2008-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) recently assessed the undiscovered oil and gas potential of the Timan-Pechora Basin Province in Russia as part of the USGS Circum-Arctic Oil and Gas Resource Appraisal program. Geologically, the Timan-Pechora Basin Province is a triangular-shaped cratonic block bounded by the northeast-southwest trending Ural Mountains and the northwest-southeast trending Timan Ridge. The northern boundary is shared with the South Barents Sea Province (fig.1). The Timan-Pechora Basin Province has a long history of oil and gas exploration and production. The first field was discovered in 1930 and, after 75 years of exploration, more than 230 fields have been discovered and more than 5,400 wells have been drilled. This has resulted in the discovery of more than 16 billion barrels of oil and 40 trillion cubic feet of gas.