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  1. Lessons learned from implementation of a demonstration program to reduce the burden of anemia and hookworm in women in Yen Bai Province, Viet Nam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thach Tran D

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Iron deficiency, anemia and hookworm disease are important public health problems for women of reproductive age living in developing countries and affect the health of newborns and infants. Iron supplementation and deworming treatment are effective in addressing these problems in both pregnant and non-pregnant women. Daily iron supplementation and deworming after the first trimester is recommended for pregnant women although these programs usually do not operate efficiently or effectively. Weekly iron-folic acid supplementation and regular deworming for non-pregnant women may be a viable approach for improving iron status and preventing anemia during the reproductive years. Addressing these diseases at a population level before women become pregnant could significantly improve women's health before and during pregnancy, as well as their infants' growth and development. Methods and Results This paper describes the major processes undertaken in a demonstration intervention of preventive weekly iron-folic acid supplementation with regular deworming for all 52,000 women aged 15–45 years in two districts of Yen Bai province, in northern Viet Nam. The intervention strategy included extensive consultation with community leaders and village, commune, district and provincial health staff, and training for village health workers. Distribution of the drugs was integrated with the existing health service infrastructure and the village health workers were the direct point of contact with women. Iron-folic acid tablets and deworming treatment were provided free of charge from May 2006. An independent Vietnamese NGO was commissioned to evaluate compliance and identify potential problems. The program resulted in effective distribution of iron-folic acid tablets and deworming treatment to all villages in the target districts, with full or partial compliance of 85%. Conclusion Training for health staff, the strong commitment of all partners

  2. Paragonimiasis in Sin Ho District, Lai Chau Province, Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vien, C V; Phue, N C; Ha, L D; Tuan, L M; Van, N T; Pao, T C; Hoa, L T; Phoung, C T

    1997-01-01

    Forty-four cases of pulmonary paragonimiasis, two also with evidence of cerebral infection, were found in Sin Ho District in Northern Viet Nam. There were 30 males and 14 females, 2-30 years of age. The diagnosis was made by sputum examination. Pet dogs and wild dogs in the area were also found infected and the people often eat roasted crabs.

  3. Characteristics of tuberculosis patients at intake in Cambodia, two provinces in China, and Viet Nam

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    Lauritsen Jens M

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The tuberculosis register is a critical data source for the information system of national tuberculosis control programs. From the information in the tuberculosis case register, it is possible to extend the standard analysis of age and sex characteristics among sputum smear-positive cases to all tuberculosis case categories. National tuberculosis programs might utilize such information to identify problems related to referral and access to diagnosis and treatment. Objectives Based on the electronic database we created, our objectives were to provide a detailed description of age and sex characteristics of tuberculosis patients at registration and to provide a comparison of age-specific sex characteristics among incident and prevalent sputum smear-positive cases. Methods A representative sample of tuberculosis case registers from 1 January 2003 to 31 December 2005 was selected in Cambodia, two provinces in China and Viet Nam. Age and sex characteristics of cases in the three separate prevalence surveys in the three jurisdictions (Cambodia: year 2002; China: year 2000; and Viet Nam: year 2006-2007 were obtained for comparison. Results A total 37,635 patients had been registered during the period in the selected units in the three countries. Cases were more frequently male in all three countries with 53%, 71%, and 69% in Cambodia, China, and Viet Nam, respectively. The ratios of the female-to-male odds in the notification system to that in the prevalence survey in smear-positive cases in Cambodia, China and Viet Nam were 2.1, 0.9, and 1.8, respectively. Because of the small proportion of extrapulmonary tuberculosis registered in China, we limited the analysis on age and sex distribution for extrapulmonary cases to Cambodia and Viet Nam. The proportion with extrapulmonary tuberculosis among all cases was 18.5% in Cambodia and 15.7% in Viet Nam, decreasing in frequency with increasing age. Conclusions Characteristics of patients

  4. Pathways out of poverty through secondary crops and private sector processing as well as institutional arrangements in Viet Nam

    OpenAIRE

    Anh, Dao The; Thinh, Le Duc; Binh, Vu Trong; Huan, Dao Duc

    2006-01-01

    In Viet Nam, the diversification of CGPRT crops is the main thrust of poverty alleviation in remote and mountainous areas with new opportunities in the market. However, the sustainable development of these commodity chains is in question due to the lack of integrated policy for value chain development and assuring the participation of the poor in the value chains. Two case studies of cassava and maize commodity chains respectively in Yen Bai and Son La provinces suggest ways to encompass thes...

  5. Cultural Relevance for Rural Community Development in China: A Case Study in Bai, Jingpo and Huyaodai Communities of Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cai Kui; Du Juan; Dai Cong; Hu Huabin

    2007-01-01

    A three-year study over the Bai, Jingpo and Huayaodai communities in Yunnan Province reveals that the community development is significantly influenced in various ways by such cultural factors as the concepts of development; concepts and traditions of inter-community relationships, consumption, marriage and gender; patterns of decision-making and production, resource and income allocation; as well as the role of information dissemination systems, religion and ritual. Based on the analysis over the interactive relevance between each factor and community development, some strategies and methods for dealing with such a cultural relevance in development projects are recommended.

  6. Household survey in two provinces in Viet Nam estimates HIV prevalence in an urban and a rural population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuan, Nguyen Anh; Ha, Nguyen Thi Thanh; Diep, Vu Thi Bich; Thang, Pham Hong; Long, Nguyen Thanh; Huong, Phan Thi Thu; Duc, Bui Hoang; Wilson, David; Oelrichs, Robert; Hien, Nguyen Tran

    2008-08-01

    A household-based population study interviewed 2,553 women and 1,984 men aged 15-49 years in urban (Ho Chi Minh City) and rural (Thai Binh) provinces in Viet Nam between July and August 2005. The survey response rate was high--approximately 97% of households and 93% of adults overall, with a >92% acceptance of HIV testing among eligible adults. The unadjusted estimated population HIV prevalence was 0.3% (confidence interval [CI]: 0.1-0.6%) in Thai Binh and 0.7% (CI: 0.3-1.3) in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), compared with the national estimates and projections of 0.352% and 1.250%, respectively, for 2005. The ratio of male-to-female prevalence was 10.5:1 in Thai Binh and 1.3:1 in HCMC. A low level of men reported purchasing sex in the last 12 months (2.4%) and there were low self-reports of sexually transmitted infections in all adults (5%). A correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS prevention methods was high in both provinces (83%), although only 24.8% of women knew of the use of antiretroviral therapy to prevent vertical transmission of HIV. The observed population prevalence was consistent with recent projections in Thai Binh, although lower than expected in HCMC, indicating the substantial downward revisions of projected population HIV prevalence may need to be extended. The unequal sex prevalence ratio is consistent with the projected trends of increasing male-to-female sexual transmission in urban areas. The results and experience of this study will inform future population based surveys in Viet Nam and the broader Asian region. PMID:18724801

  7. Stories of Today’s Bai Nationality Women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    The Bai nationality has a population of over one and a half million. Most of them live in the Dali Bai Nationality Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan Province. The Bai nationality people have ived with the Han natignality for a long time, and in the Bai language there are a number of Han words. The Bai nationality is ancient. Their ancestors first settled in the Erhai area in the first century A.D. In the second century, the

  8. 湖南白族学生体质量指数分析%Analysis on the body mass index of Bai nationality students in Hunan province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄大元; 张惠娟; 石慧娟; 龚兴牡; 梁成青

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the distribution of body mass index ( BMI) and nutrient status of Bai nationality students aged 6 - 16 years old in Hunan province.Methods: The body height and weight of Bai nationality students were measured by anthropological method, and the BMI was calculated by formula.Results: The averages of BMI gradually increased with age increasing.Before 11 years old, the average of girls'BMI surpassed to that of boys', however, after 12 years old, the average of the boys'exceeded that of girls' The average of Bai nationality students'BMI was higher than that of Han ones of nationwide in 2000, however, was lower than that of Kazak ones in the same period.There was significant difference between boys and girls in nutritional status.Conclusion: The general nutrition status of Bai nationality students in Hunan province is good.However, the phenomena of malnutrition, overweight and obesity still exist in the Bai nationality students, nutrition education should be strengthened in students from primary and middle school.%目的:了解6 ~16岁湖南白族学生体质量指数分布特征及其营养现状.方法:应用人体测量法测量白族学生的身高和体质量,用公式计算体质量指数.结果:白族学生的BMI值随年龄增长呈现逐年增加趋势;11岁以前,女生的BMI均值低于男生,12岁后又高于男生;白族学生的BMI值高于2000年全国汉族学生,低于同期哈萨克族学生,白族男生和女生营养状况差异有统计学意义.结论:6~16岁湖南白族学生总体营养状况良好,但仍有营养不良、超重肥胖现象存在,应继续加强中小学生的营养教育.

  9. Foot-and-mouth disease virus typing from foot-and-mouth outbreaks in the central provinces of Viet Nam

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A total of 167 tissue samples were collected from Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) infected animals from 57 FMD outbreaks to detect the sero-type of the FMD virus by the ELISA technique. The ELISA kit has been prepared and standardised by the World Reference Laboratory (WRL), UK and supplied under a Research Contract as part of an FAO/IAEA Co-ordinated Research Project. Eight tissue samples from cattle and one tissue sample from pig were sent to WRL for further study on the sero-type and to characterize the FMD viruses present in Viet Nam. The study was carried out from March 1996 to May 1998 in the central region of Viet Nam and the FMD type O virus was detected in these outbreaks only. The FMD type O virus from cattle and the FMD type O virus from pig are two distinct FMD type O viruses in Viet Nam. (author)

  10. Time to unsuccessful tuberculosis treatment outcome, Cambodia, China, and Viet Nam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoa, N B; Sokun, C; Wei, C;

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and characteristics of patients with unsuccessful tuberculosis (TB) treatment. METHODS: Random selection of TB case registers among all treatment units in Cambodia, two provinces in China, and Viet Nam. The data of two calendar years were analyzed to assess...... unsuccessful outcomes and their time of occurrence. RESULTS: Among the 33 309 TB patients, treatment was unsuccessful in respectively 10.1%, 3.0% and 9.1% of patients in Cambodia, China and Viet Nam. The risk of death was highest in Cambodia, higher among males than females, increased with age, and was more...... common among retreatment cases than new cases, and among patients with a high than a low sputum smear microscopy grade. Half of all deaths occurred in the first 2 months in Cambodia and within 11 weeks in China and Viet Nam. Median time to default was 3 months in Cambodia and Viet Nam, and about 2 months...

  11. 江苏滨海道地药材白首乌的产业化利用对策研究%The Medicinal Value of Bai-shou-wu (Cynanchum auriculatum) and Countermeasures for Industrial Development in Binhai County of Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈亚; 高盐生; 武银华; 陈中芹

    2013-01-01

    Bai-shou-wu planted in Binhai County of Jiangsu Province,the tuber of Cynanchum auriculatum,as a traditional Chinese herbal medicine,has multiple pharmacological actions.The traditional Chinese medicine industry of Bai-shou-wu in Binhai is facing great opportunities,but there are also many problems.The comprehensive development of the pharmacological activities of Bai-shou-wu,and the current situation and existing problems were analyzed.Aiming at the existing problems,some corresponding countermeasures were put forward.%江苏滨海地产白首乌是一种传统中药材,具有多种药理活性,目前白首乌中药产业面临很好的发展机遇,但也存在不少问题.笔者分析了白首乌主要药理作用的研究进展、滨海白首乌中药产业发展现状及存在的问题,提出了进一步发展滨海白首乌中药产业的对策,为自首乌的进一步开发研究提供依据.

  12. Recent increase in sex ratio at birth in Viet Nam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christophe Z Guilmoto

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Since the 1980s, sex ratio at birth (male births per 100 female births has increased in many Asian countries as a result of selective abortions, but to date there has been no such evidence for Viet Nam. Our aim in this paper is to ascertain the situation with respect to sex ratio at birth in Viet Nam over the past five years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Original data were obtained from sample population surveys in Viet Nam recording annual birth rates since 2000 of about 450,000 women, as well as from two successive birth surveys conducted for the first time in 2007 (1.1 million births. The annual population surveys include specific information on birth history and mothers' characteristics to be used for the analysis of trends and differentials in sex ratio at birth. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Birth history statistics indicate that the SRB in Viet Nam has recorded a steady growth since 2001. Starting from a level probably close to the biological standard of 105, the SRB reached 108 in 2005 and 112 in 2006, a value significantly above the normal level. An independent confirmation of these results comes from the surveys of births in health facilities which yielded a SRB of 110 in 2006-07. High SRB is linked to various factors such as access to modern health care, number of prenatal visits, level of higher education and employment status, young age, province of residence and prenatal sex determination. These results suggest that prenatal sex determination followed by selective abortion has recently become more common in Viet Nam. This recent trend is a consequence of various factors such as preference for sons, declining fertility, easy access to abortion, economic development as well as the increased availability of ultrasonography facilities.

  13. Phylogeography of recently emerged DENV-2 in southern Viet Nam.

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    Maia A Rabaa

    Full Text Available Revealing the dispersal of dengue viruses (DENV in time and space is central to understanding their epidemiology. However, the processes that shape DENV transmission patterns at the scale of local populations are not well understood, particularly the impact of such factors as human population movement and urbanization. Herein, we investigated trends in the spatial dynamics of DENV-2 transmission in the highly endemic setting of southern Viet Nam. Through a phylogeographic analysis of 168 full-length DENV-2 genome sequences obtained from hospitalized dengue cases from 10 provinces in southern Viet Nam, we reveal substantial genetic diversity in both urban and rural areas, with multiple lineages identified in individual provinces within a single season, and indicative of frequent viral migration among communities. Focusing on the recently introduced Asian I genotype, we observed particularly high rates of viral exchange between adjacent geographic areas, and between Ho Chi Minh City, the primary urban center of this region, and populations across southern Viet Nam. Within Ho Chi Minh City, patterns of DENV movement appear consistent with a gravity model of virus dispersal, with viruses traveling across a gradient of population density. Overall, our analysis suggests that Ho Chi Minh City may act as a source population for the dispersal of DENV across southern Viet Nam, and provides further evidence that urban areas of Southeast Asia play a primary role in DENV transmission. However, these data also indicate that more rural areas are also capable of maintaining virus populations and hence fueling DENV evolution over multiple seasons.

  14. Researching the Viet Nam War inside Viet Nam: U.S. Student Teachers Explore War Myths

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vadas, Robert E.

    2007-01-01

    The author asserts that it is time for social studies teachers to engage students in a review of the rift between historical reality and mythology about Viet Nam, especially in light of recent comparisons that many have made between the Viet Nam War and the current situation in Iraq. Few teachers dealt with Viet Nam at the time of the war, and…

  15. Compiling mortality statistics from civil registration systems in Viet Nam: the long road ahead

    OpenAIRE

    Rao, Chalapati; Osterberger, Brigitta; Anh, Tran Dam; Macdonald, Malcolm; Chúc, Nguyen Thi Kim; Hill, Peter S

    2009-01-01

    Accurate mortality statistics, needed for population health assessment, health policy and research, are best derived from data in vital registration systems. However, mortality statistics from vital registration systems are not available for several countries including Viet Nam. We used a mixed methods case study approach to assess vital registration operations in 2006 in three provinces in Viet Nam (Hòa Bình, Thùa Thiên–Hué and Bình Duong), and provide recommendations to strengthen vital reg...

  16. Acknowledging the importance of BAI accounts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levin, Steve

    2011-09-01

    For hospitals, balance after insurance (BAI) refers to revenue from uninsured patients and from patients with patient responsibility after insurance. BAI is a rapidly growing share of hospital revenue as a result of substitution from high-deductible commercial insurance plans-revenue that tends to convert to cash relatively easily and quickly-meaning that an increasing share of hospital cash flow is now due from the patient. Hospitals should make sure that their self-pay patients receive excellent customer service: It not only improves the likelihood of a greater yield, but also-perhaps more important-helps ensure customer loyalty and willingness to recommend the facility to others.

  17. 31 CFR 500.560 - Bank accounts of official representatives of foreign governments in North Korea, North Viet-Nam...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... representatives of foreign governments in North Korea, North Viet-Nam, Cambodia, or South Viet-Nam. 500.560... governments in North Korea, North Viet-Nam, Cambodia, or South Viet-Nam. Specific licenses are issued... Viet-Nam, Cambodia, or South Viet-Nam for transactions which are not inconsistent with the......

  18. Co-existence of Paragonimus harinasutai and Paragonimus bangkokensis metacercariae in fresh water crab hosts in central Viet Nam with special emphasis on their close phylogenetic relationship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doanh, Pham Ngoc; Hien, Hoang Van; Nonaka, Nariaki; Horii, Yoichiro; Nawa, Yukifumi

    2012-09-01

    During our epidemiological surveys for Paragonimus species in central Viet Nam, we found four morphologically different Paragonimus metacercariae in mountainous crabs. They were identified as metacercariae of Paragonimus westermani, P. bangkokensis, P. proliferus, and P. harinasutai in the order of their prevalence in crab hosts. This is the first discovery of P. harinasutai in Viet Nam, co-inhabiting with P. bangkokensis and other species. Metacercariae of P. harinasutai were given orally to a cat to obtain adult worms. Then, ITS2 and CO1 sequences of metacercariae and adults of P. harinasutai, and metacercariae of P. bangkokensis collected from the same place were determined for analyses of phylogenetic relationships to other P. harinasutai and P. bangkokensis populations as well as related species. The results of molecular analyses showed that P. harinasutai from Quang Binh province of central Viet Nam was almost completely identical with those from Vientiane, Lao PDR; P. bangkokensis from Quang Binh, Viet Nam was also almost completely identical with those from Lao PDR and from Quang Ninh province, Viet Nam. Except for one P. harinasutai isolate from China, all populations of P. harinasutai and P. bangkokensis from Thailand, Lao and Viet Nam make a single clade in both ITS2 and CO1 trees. In ITS2 sequences, AT deletion and ATC insertion were observed in some isolates of both species, indicating recent gene flow between P. harinasutai and P. bangkokensis. Moreover, because of their extremely high genetic similarities and their co-inhabitation in the same crab hosts found in Thailand, Lao PDR and Viet Nam, they should be considered as the sister species at the early stage of divergence. In addition, P. microrchis previously described from Yunnan, China should be placed as the synonym of P. harinasutai, because of their morphological and molecular similarities.

  19. BAI Yilong honored with John Rinehart Award

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Prof. BAI Yilong from the State Key Laboratory for Nonlinear Mechanics of CAS Institute of Mechanics has received the 2007 John Rinehart Award for his seminal contributions to the theories of shear-band formation and damage in materials and for his leadership in exploring dynamic behavior of materials in China.

  20. Viet Nam national report: Greenhouse gas limitation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Viet Nam ratified the UNFCCC on 16 November 1994. The Hydro meteorological Service (HMS) has been assigned by the Government to take full responsibility for Climate Change issues and for implementing programs related to the objectives of the UNFCCC. The mount of GHG emission in Viet Nam is 111.7 Tg of CO2 equivalent. It is expected that the amount will be increased dramatically in the coming decades because of fossil fuel consumption to meet energy demand in the country. Total CO2 emissions would be increased from 101 Tg in 2000, to 139 Tg, 224 Tg and 433 Tg in 2010, 2020 and 2030 respectively. 13 GHG abatement options including 7 energy options and 6 non-energy options have been developed for this study. (EG)

  1. Participatory support to farmers in improving safety and health at work: building WIND farmer volunteer networks in Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawakami, Tsuyoshi; Van, Vhu Nhu; Theu, Nguyen Van; Khai, Ton That; Kogi, Kazutaka

    2008-10-01

    The government of Viet Nam places a high priority on upgrading the quality of farmers' lives. Providing adequate occupational safety and health (OSH) protection for all farmers is an important challenge. The Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA) of Viet Nam trained WIND (Work Improvement in Neighbourhood Development) farmer volunteers. From 2004-2007, MOLISA in cooperation with ministries of health and agriculture trained 480 WIND farmer volunteers in selected 14 provinces. Trained farmer volunteers trained their neighbouring farmers and expanded their networks. The WIND training programme produced in Cantho, Viet Nam in 1996, was used as the core training methodology. The WIND action-checklist, good example photo-sheets, and other participatory training materials were designed for WIND farmer volunteers as practical training tools. The volunteers trained 7,922 farmers. The trained farmers implemented 28,508 improvements in materials handling, work posture, machine and electrical safety, working environments and control of hazardous chemicals, and welfare facilities. The provincial support committees organized follow-up workshops and strengthen the WIND farmer volunteer networks. The system of WIND farmer volunteers proved effective in extending practical OSH protection measures to farmers at grassroots level. The system of WIND farmer volunteers was adopted in the First National Programme on Labour Protection and OSH of Viet Nam as a practical means in OSH and is now further expanding within the framework of the National Programme.

  2. Participatory support to farmers in improving safety and health at work: building WIND farmer volunteer networks in Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawakami, Tsuyoshi; Van, Vhu Nhu; Theu, Nguyen Van; Khai, Ton That; Kogi, Kazutaka

    2008-10-01

    The government of Viet Nam places a high priority on upgrading the quality of farmers' lives. Providing adequate occupational safety and health (OSH) protection for all farmers is an important challenge. The Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA) of Viet Nam trained WIND (Work Improvement in Neighbourhood Development) farmer volunteers. From 2004-2007, MOLISA in cooperation with ministries of health and agriculture trained 480 WIND farmer volunteers in selected 14 provinces. Trained farmer volunteers trained their neighbouring farmers and expanded their networks. The WIND training programme produced in Cantho, Viet Nam in 1996, was used as the core training methodology. The WIND action-checklist, good example photo-sheets, and other participatory training materials were designed for WIND farmer volunteers as practical training tools. The volunteers trained 7,922 farmers. The trained farmers implemented 28,508 improvements in materials handling, work posture, machine and electrical safety, working environments and control of hazardous chemicals, and welfare facilities. The provincial support committees organized follow-up workshops and strengthen the WIND farmer volunteer networks. The system of WIND farmer volunteers proved effective in extending practical OSH protection measures to farmers at grassroots level. The system of WIND farmer volunteers was adopted in the First National Programme on Labour Protection and OSH of Viet Nam as a practical means in OSH and is now further expanding within the framework of the National Programme. PMID:18840935

  3. Brief behavioural surveys in routine HIV sentinel surveillance: a new tool for monitoring the HIV epidemic in Viet Nam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duong Cong Thanh

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this report we describe a new approach in HIV sentinel surveillance that was piloted in Viet Nam in 2009 and is currently being rolled out in all provinces. It comprises a brief behavioural questionnaire added to the HIV sentinel surveillance surveys conducted routinely among people who inject drugs, female sex workers and men who have sex with men. Timely reporting of data from this system has resulted in improvements to HIV prevention efforts for most at-risk populations.

  4. HOG-WILD IN VIET NAM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Amid growing pains, a Chongqing company finds Viet Nam good for breeding its motorcycles Back in 1998, Yin Mingshan found his company was between a rock and a hard place with seemingly nowhere to scooter through. As Chairman of the Board of Chongqing Lifan Industry Co. Ltd., China's largest motorcycle manufacturer, Vm was seeing his domestic market dry up while export volume also was shrinking.

  5. Acknowledging the importance of BAI accounts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levin, Steve

    2011-09-01

    For hospitals, balance after insurance (BAI) refers to revenue from uninsured patients and from patients with patient responsibility after insurance. BAI is a rapidly growing share of hospital revenue as a result of substitution from high-deductible commercial insurance plans-revenue that tends to convert to cash relatively easily and quickly-meaning that an increasing share of hospital cash flow is now due from the patient. Hospitals should make sure that their self-pay patients receive excellent customer service: It not only improves the likelihood of a greater yield, but also-perhaps more important-helps ensure customer loyalty and willingness to recommend the facility to others. PMID:21923047

  6. Labour migration from Viet Nam : issues of policy and practice

    OpenAIRE

    Anh, Dang Nguyen

    2008-01-01

    Examines the emergent issues important to the management of labour migration from Viet Nam. Discusses the problems faced by Vietnamese migrant workers in their countries of destination, as well as the problems they face in Viet Nam in the process of migration and upon their return.

  7. Fishery livelihoods and (non)compliance with fishery regulations - A case study in Ca Mau Province, Mekong Delta, Vietnam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ha, T.T.P.; Dijk, van H.

    2013-01-01

    Fishery in Ca Mau, Viet Nam’s most southern province in the Mekong Delta, plays locally an important role for human nutrition and has great potentials for export earnings. The overexploitation of inshore fishing resources is a major problem in Viet Nam’s coastal areas along the Mekong Delta. As a re

  8. The Personal Pronouns in the Minjia Dialect-A dialect spoken in the Bai Autonomous Village of Furongqiao in Sangzhi County, Hunan Province%湖南桑植县芙蓉桥白族乡“民家腔”的人称代词

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟江华

    2012-01-01

      湖南桑植县芙蓉桥白族乡“民家腔”的三身代词复数分A、B两种形式:A式“ uεn53、连=ȵiεn53、滩=tan31/t‘an31”是由其单数“我、你、他”分别与复数标记“俺ŋan”构成的一个合音词;B式“ 俺uεn53−55ŋan043、连=俺ȵiεn53−55ŋan043、滩=俺tan31−33/t‘an31−33ŋan021”是在A式后面再加复数标记“俺”而成。第三人称单、复数均有新老派两种读音:老派读不送气音,如单数“他ta31”,复数“滩=tan31、滩=俺tan31−33ŋan021”;新派读送气音,如单数“他t‘a31”,复数“滩=t‘an31、滩=俺t‘an31−33ŋan021”。%  The plural form of the three personal pronouns of the“Minjia dialect”(民家腔), a dialect of Chinese spoken by people living in the Bai Autonomous Village of Furongqiao in Sangzhi County, Hunan Province has two forms, A and B. the type of plural A is a sound-combined word which is composed of singular Wo (我), Ni (你), Ta (他) and the plural marker An (俺) respectively. The type of plural B is composed of the type of plural A and the plural marker An (俺) again. The third person pronoun has two pronunciations, new and old, the old pronunciation is unaspirated, while the new pronunciation has an aspirated sound.

  9. Recent increase in sex ratio at birth in Viet Nam

    OpenAIRE

    Guilmoto, Christophe Z.; Xuyên Hoàng; Toan Ngo Van

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Since the 1980s, sex ratio at birth (male births per 100 female births) has increased in many Asian countries as a result of selective abortions, but to date there has been no such evidence for Viet Nam. Our aim in this paper is to ascertain the situation with respect to sex ratio at birth in Viet Nam over the past five years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Original data were obtained from sample population surveys in Viet Nam recording annual birth rates since 2000 of about 450,000 wom...

  10. The Viet Nam National Innovation System: A Diagnostic Review

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Anh; Nguyen, Mai; Doan, Hung

    2013-01-01

    National Innovation Systems (NIS) plays a crucial role in countries’ efforts to catch up with technological advances which are critical for the long-term sustainable economic growth and development of countries. This paper provides a diagnostic review of the NIS in Viet Nam such that appropriate policies could be devised and im - plemented. This paper provides an analysis of the institutions, policies and linkages that characterize Viet Nam’s national innovation system. It focuses on the stre...

  11. Land use changes assessment using spatial data: Case study in Cong river basin - Thai Nguyen City - Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Hieu

    Land use changes are being interested in most countries, especially in developing countries. Because land use changes always impacts on sustainable development not only in a region or a country but also in whole the world. Viet Nam is a developing country, in the last 10 years, land uses have rapidly changed in most provinces. Many of agriculture areas, forest areas have changed for various purposes as urban sprawl, establishing new industrial parks, public areas, mining and other land uses relate to human activities or economic function associated with a specific piece of land. Beside efficiencies of economic and society, then environment issues have been threatening serious pollution, are from land use changes. Remote sensing images application on studying land use changes, has been done in many countries around the world, and has brought high efficiencies. However, this application is still very new and limited in Viet Nam due to lacking of materials, tools, experts of remote sensing. This study used spatial data as Landsat TM images, SPOT5 images and land use planning maps to rapidly assess on happenings of land uses in the period 2000 -2010 in Cong river basin (Thai Nguyen City, Viet Nam), and to forecast the changes of land uses in the period 2010 - 2020. The results had a good accuracy and to be important references for authorities, policy makers in local land use.

  12. Wave overtopping resistance of grassed slopes in Viet Nam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Trung, L.H.; Verhagen, H.J.; Van der Meer, J.W.

    2011-01-01

    The Simulator was applied to test the resistance against wave overtopping of grass covered dike slopes in Viet Nam. Observation and measurement during destructive tests were performed to investigate the development process of damage induced by overtopping flow. Damages were likely to be initiated at

  13. Enhancing Sustainable Development of Diverse Agriculture in Viet Nam

    OpenAIRE

    Anh, Dao The; Thinh, Le Duc; Bihn, Vu Trong

    2005-01-01

    The objective of the study is to investigate the socio-economic impacts of recent developments in the regional and global economic environment, including trade liberalization on upland agriculture at a village level and identifying constraints to the sustainable development of diversified agriculture, in particular upland agriculture based on CGPRT crops in Viet Nam.

  14. A Brief Introduction to Viet Nam National Hospital of Acupuncture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pharm Hung Cung

    2008-01-01

    @@ The Viet Nam National Hospital of Acupuncture (VNHA) was founded on April 24, 1982. After 25 years of development, VNHA now has 450 hospital beds, including 300 hospital beds for inpatients and 150 for outpatients, and 19 departments, all of which strive to detect and cure diseases for patients in the whole country.

  15. Gender/Sex og Habitus i Viet Nam

    OpenAIRE

    Rydström, Helle

    1996-01-01

    Denne artikel bygger pa et igangvrerende Ph.D. projekt om pigers kønssocialisering i Viet Nam. Jeg vil således geme i det følgende diskutereprobIemer indenfor den könsteoretiske debat i forhold til det at studere pigers socialisering i en ikke-vestlig kultur.

  16. Rediscovery of Sewellia lineolata in Annam, Viet Nam (Teleostei: Balitoridae)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kottelat, M.

    1994-01-01

    Sewellia lineolata is recorded for the first time since its original description (in 1846) based on specimens without precise locality data. It occurs on the eastern slope of the Annam mountain range of Viet Nam, near Hue. The preoral groove communicating with the mooth described by earlier authors

  17. Globalization and the Governance of Education in Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    London, Jonathan D.

    2010-01-01

    In a globalizing world, local and global governance arrangements are increasingly interdependent, which produces harmonization in some instances and new tensions and contradictions in others. Analysis shows that successive waves of globalization have affected the governance of education in Viet Nam differently. It shows that the globalization of…

  18. Inclusion in Viet Nam: More than a Decade of Implementation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villa, Richard A.; Tac, Le Van; Muc, Pham Minh; Ryan, Susan; Thuy, Nguyen Thi Minh; Weill, Cindy; Thousand, Jacqueline S.

    2003-01-01

    This article traces the evolution of special education policies and services and the introduction of inclusive education as a service delivery model in Viet Nam. The impact of a series of inclusion projects and resultant goals of the Ministry of Education and Training to expand inclusive education are described. (Contains 8 references.) (Author/CR)

  19. Some Aspects of the Teaching of English in Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Van Diem

    In regard to the teaching of English, which is replacing French as a foreign language, Viet Nam presents some unique aspects and some individual problems. More secondary school students are selecting English as their foreign language choice; English departments in the universities are expanding rapidly; the teacher shortage is increasing. One…

  20. Combiner L'Education Et Le Travail; Experiences en Asie et en Oceanie: Viet Nam (Combining Education and Work; Experiences in Asia and Oceania: Viet Nam).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vien, Hguyen Khac

    Educational policy in Viet Nam has closely followed the revolutionary movement. In the essentially democratic period from 1945 to 1960, Viet Nam created a nationwide 10-grade school system and fought illiteracy on a large scale. By 1960, as socialism began to predominate, especially in the North, traditional educational methods and values began to…

  1. Measuring the Impact of Cash Crops on Household Expenditure and Poverty in Rural Viet Nam

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen Viet, Cuong

    2008-01-01

    This paper measures the impacts of cash crops on household consumption expenditure and poverty in rural Viet Nam using data from the Viet Nam household living standards surveys (VHLSSs) of 2002 and 2004. It has been found that revenues from cash crops have positive and statistically significant impacts on per capita expenditure. More specifically, an increase of 1 Viet Nam dong (VND) in rice revenues leads to an increase of 0.019 VND in per capita expenditure, and the corresponding figures fo...

  2. Violation of Bans on Tobacco Advertising and Promotion at Points of Sale in Viet Nam: Trend from 2009 - 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huong, Le Thi Thanh; Long, Tran Khanh; Son, Phung Xuan; Huyen, Do Phuc; Linh, Phan Thuy; Bich, Nguyen Ngoc; Lam, Nguyen Xuan; Anh, Le Vu; Tuyet-Hanh, Tran Thi

    2016-01-01

    Comprehensive bans on tobacco advertising and promotion were introduced through tobacco control legislation in Viet Nam, but it has been established that violations of the bans are very common. This study was conducted to explore the trend in violations of bans on tobacco advertising and promotion at points of sale in Viet Nam in the past six years and to explore any differences in the violation situations before and after the Law on Tobacco Control came into effect on 1st May 2013. Quantitative data were collected through observation of violations of the bans on tobacco advertising and promotion at points of sale in 10 provinces throughout Viet Nam in four survey rounds (2009, 2010, 2011, and 2015). Variation in violation prevalence over time was examined by chi-square test using a Bonferini method. Binary logistic regression was employed to identify the factors that may have influences on different types of violation. A level of significance of padvertising increased while violations on promotion ban and on displaying tobacco decreased through time. Some factors associated with the tobacco advertising and promotion bans included surveyed years, types of points of sale, regions and areas where the points of sale were located. The enforcement of the bans did not improve even after the issuance and the enactment of the Law on Tobacco Control. This suggests that the monitoring and enforcement of bans on tobacco advertising and promotion at points of sale should be strengthened. Penalties should be strictly applied for violators as indicated in the current tobacco control legislation. PMID:27087189

  3. Industrial and Commercial Registration of Sailun (Viet Nam) Completed

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shu Wen

    2012-01-01

    Recently, upon the approval of related departments, the registration of the sole subsidiary of Sailun Co., Ltd. established in Viet Nam has been completed. According to the registration content, the name of this subsidiary: Sailun (Viet Nam) Co., Ltd.; English name: Sailun (Viet Nam) Co., Ltd.; Registered address: Fudong Industrial Park, Furlong Town, Go Dau, Tay Ninh, Viet Nam; Registered capital: VND 400 billion, converting to about USD 20 million; Business scope: production and operation of tires, research of NR tech- nologies, etc.

  4. Seroprevalence survey of avian influenza A(H5N1 among live poultry market workers in northern Viet Nam, 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tham Chi Dung

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N1 is endemic in poultry in Viet Nam. The country has experienced the third highest number of human infections with influenza A(H5N1 in the world. A study in Hanoi in 2001, before the epizootic that was identified in 2003, found influenza A(H5N1 specific antibodies in 4% of poultry market workers (PMWs. We conducted a seroprevalence survey to determine the seroprevalence of antibodies to influenza A(H5N1 among PMWs in Hanoi, Thaibinh and Thanhhoa provinces. Methods: We selected PMWs from five markets, interviewed them and collected blood samples. These were then tested using a horse haemagglutination inhibition assay and a microneutralization assay with all three clades of influenza A(H5N1 viruses that have circulated in Viet Nam since 2004. Results: The overall seroprevalence was 6.1% (95% confidence interval: 4.6–8.3. The highest proportion (7.2% was found in PMWs in Hanoi, and the majority of seropositive subjects (70.3% were slaughterers or sellers of poultry. Discussion: The continued circulation and evolution of influenza A(H5N1 requires comprehensive surveillance of both human and animal sites throughout the country with follow-up studies on PMWs to estimate the risk of avian–human transmission of influenza A(H5N1 in Viet Nam.

  5. A survey of Viet Nam's legal framework in transition

    OpenAIRE

    Lichtenstein, Natalie G.; DEC

    1994-01-01

    Viet Nam is trying to preserve its sociopolitical system while moving gradually toward a different economic system, recognizing that law is a valuable instrument for effecting orderly change. It has begun to enact the laws and decrees needed in such areas as company law, contract law, banking law, and, especially, laws on foreign investment. Further progress toward a market system will require more legislative activity. The author highlights four areas of special priority. Thoroughly implemen...

  6. Rice market liberalization and poverty in Viet Nam:

    OpenAIRE

    Minot, Nicholas; Goletti, Francesco

    2000-01-01

    Market liberalization, though an important element in economic reforms in developing countries in the past two decades, has been accused of harming the poor through higher food prices, layoffs in formerly state-owned enterprises, and the erosion of social safety net programs. Since the 1980s Viet Nam has relaxed a number of government controls over rice production and marketing, stimulating large increases in rice production. Yet the government retains control over rice exports and internal r...

  7. Viet Nam: Financial Sector Assessment, Strategy, and Road Map

    OpenAIRE

    Asian Development Bank

    2014-01-01

    This sector assessment, strategy, and road map highlights the Government of Viet Nam’s plans and strategies for addressing priority needs for the financial sector and identifies possible preliminary areas of international assistance. It assesses key sector development needs by analyzing strengths, constraints and weaknesses, various risks, potential threats, as well as opportunities. This knowledge product serves as a basis for further dialogue on how the Asian Development Bank and the govern...

  8. Study of the natural radiation background affected on the human body in some areas of Viet Nam

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author had studied the natural radiation background in 68 districts belong 40 provinces and cities of Vietnam from 2002 to 2005. The estimated results clearly show that the average external irradiation dose levels and the average annual external radiation equivalent dose affected on the human body are 0.181± 0.0189 μSv/h and 1599 ± 171.8 μSv/year respectively, both are in normal limit; the highest levels are in Lai Chau district (Lai Chau province); the lowest levels are in Buon Ma Thuot city (DakLak province), Phuoc Son district (Quang Nam province), Tan An district (Long An province). The radon concentration in the human being and the average annual internal inhalation irradiation equivalent dose affected on the human beings are 26.9 ± 15.89 Bq/m3 and 392.88 ± 231.99 μSv/year respectively; the maximums are in Nha Trang city (Khanh Hoa province), Bac Binh district (Binh Phuoc province); the minimums are in Vung Tau city (Ba Ria- Vung Tau province), Tan An district (Long An province), Rach Gia district (Kien Giang province). The terrestrial radionuclide concentrations in the cereals, foodstuffs (rice, meat, vegetables), water, earth and the average annual internal irradiation equivalent dose are 829.2 ± 38.06 Bq/kg and 229.3 ± 67.70 μSv/year respectively; the highest levels are in Phong Tho district (Lai Chau province), Dien Bien city; the lowest levels are in Dong Xoai district (Binh Phuoc province), Tan An district (Long An province). The average total annual natural radiation background effective equivalent dose level affected on the human body is 2206.9 ± 529.30 μSv/year; the highest levels are in Lai Chau district (Lai Chau province); the lowest levels are in Tan An district (Long An province). The 14 maps of Natural Radiation Background in several localized regions belong 40 provinces and cities of Viet Nam had been set up. These results can reserve for serviceman and public health in the both wartime and peacetime. (author)

  9. Incense and ritual plant use in Southwest China: A case study among the Bai in Shaxi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Staub Peter O

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Ritual and religious uses of plant-derived smoke are widespread throughout the world. Our research focuses on Southwest China, where the use of incense is very common. This study aims to document and analyze contemporary ritual plant uses by the Bai people of Shaxi Township (Jianchuan County, Dali Prefecture, Yunnan Province, including their related ethnobotanical knowledge, practices, and beliefs. Methods The present study builds on previous ethnobotanical research in Shaxi, which started in 2005. Interviews focusing on ritual plant use and associated beliefs were carried out with a total of 44 Bai informants in September 2009 and May and June 2010. The results are supplemented with information on the local religion collected from June to December 2010. All documented species were vouchered, and are deposited at the herbaria of Kunming Institute of Botany (KUN and the University of Zurich (Z/ZT. Results A total of 17 species have been documented for use in incense. They are always used in mixtures and are either burned in the form of powders in a censer or as joss sticks. The smell of the smoke is the main criterion for the selection of the incense plants. Incense is burned for communication with spiritual entities at graves, temples, and cooking stoves, as well as for personal well-being. Cupressus funebris Endl., Gaultheria fragrantissima Wall., and Ligustrum sempervirens (Franch. Lingelsh. are the most important incense species. Others serve as substitutes or are used to stretch incense powders. Conclusions In Shaxi the use of incense mixtures at the household and community level is regularly practiced for communication with ancestors, ghosts, and deities and in some cases to strengthen self-awareness. Some of the documented species are widely used in central Asia and Europe, hinting at the well documented knowledge exchange that occurred in Shaxi, which was a major hub along the influential Southern Silk Road.

  10. Negative Effect of Bai Language Phonetics and the Measures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜慧瑛

    2015-01-01

    As China's international social status rising and international communication is strengthening, to master a standard and fluent English is necessary to the contemporary col ege students. But in the modern English learning process, the negative transfer phenomenon of mother tongue dialect always puzzles most English learners . Many people have researched on the negative transfer of mother tongue in English phonetics, but fewer focus on some special dialects which have phonetic deficiency. Dali dialects the Bai language have an important influence on English learning. According to the Language learning transfer theory, on the basis of using scientific methods , consulting existing resources and documents, this essay discurses the negative transfer of Bai language in English phonetics from vowels, consonants and tones. Moreover , it puts forward some feasible learning methods hoping to attract learners attention.

  11. Home From the War: A Study of Psychiatric Problems in Viet Nam Returnees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strange, Robert E.; Brown, Dudley E., Jr.

    1970-01-01

    Fifty patients who developed psychiatric problems after return from tours of Viet Nam combat duty were compared with a group of patients who had not had such duty. The Viet Nam returnees reported more conflicts in intimate relationships and had a higher incidence of depression and somatization than did the noncombat group. A study was made of…

  12. BAI1 regulates spatial learning and synaptic plasticity in the hippocampus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhu, Dan; Li, Chenchen; Swanson, Andrew M;

    2015-01-01

    Synaptic plasticity is the ability of synapses to modulate the strength of neuronal connections; however, the molecular factors that regulate this feature are incompletely understood. Here, we demonstrated that mice lacking brain-specific angiogenesis inhibitor 1 (BAI1) have severe deficits...... of PSD-95 expression in hippocampal neurons in BAI1-deficient mice by viral gene therapy was sufficient to compensate for Bai1 loss and rescued deficits in synaptic plasticity. Together, our results reveal that interaction of BAI1 with MDM2 in the brain modulates PSD-95 levels and thereby regulates...... synaptic plasticity. Moreover, these results suggest that targeting this pathway has therapeutic potential for a variety of neurological disorders....

  13. Cooperation of nuclear manpower development between Viet Nam and Korea in order to enhance establishment of infrastructure in exporting nuclear technology to Viet Nam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, E. J.; Han, K. W.; Park, J. K.; Kim, Y. T.; Nam, Y. M.; Jang, Y. H.; Yang, M. H

    2003-08-15

    Through this project, KAERI provided OJT Programme to 3 nuclear experts of Viet Nam at the KAERI for 3 months as a cooperation of human resource development in the field of nuclear policy, nuclear safety analysis and thermo hydraulic. We could have publicity activities of S/W and H/W then achieve an advantage position of economical and technical in exporting nuclear technology to Viet Nam. Also we have provided a training course and seminar for a high-level delegation of nuclear policy decision makers, which is consisted of 5 deputy ministers and general directors of Viet Nam in Korea. Thus we could have Vietnamese who are favoring Korea. The KAERI will also prepare a data base of trained Vietnamese in Korea for the maximum utilization of them in cooperating with Viet Nam. We accomplished the cooperation of human resource development and providing program and curriculum of the nuclear education and training in Viet Nam. Furthermore, it is expected that the enhancement of nuclear technical cooperation between Viet Nam and Korea and the nuclear human resource development.

  14. Cooperation of nuclear manpower development between Viet Nam and Korea in order to enhance establishment of infrastructure in exporting nuclear technology to Viet Nam

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Through this project, KAERI provided OJT Programme to 3 nuclear experts of Viet Nam at the KAERI for 3 months as a cooperation of human resource development in the field of nuclear policy, nuclear safety analysis and thermo hydraulic. We could have publicity activities of S/W and H/W then achieve an advantage position of economical and technical in exporting nuclear technology to Viet Nam. Also we have provided a training course and seminar for a high-level delegation of nuclear policy decision makers, which is consisted of 5 deputy ministers and general directors of Viet Nam in Korea. Thus we could have Vietnamese who are favoring Korea. The KAERI will also prepare a data base of trained Vietnamese in Korea for the maximum utilization of them in cooperating with Viet Nam. We accomplished the cooperation of human resource development and providing program and curriculum of the nuclear education and training in Viet Nam. Furthermore, it is expected that the enhancement of nuclear technical cooperation between Viet Nam and Korea and the nuclear human resource development

  15. Promoting accountability in obstetric care: use of criteria-based audit in Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, P E; Binh, H T; Bang, H T

    2010-01-01

    Audits can improve clinical and managerial practices, enhance the rational use of limited resources, and improve staff morale and motivation. Staff at five hospitals in Thanh Hoa and Quang Tri provinces (Viet Nam) used criteria-based audit (CBA) as a tool to improve the quality of emergency obstetric and newborn care. CBA compares current practice with standards based on the best available evidence and the local context. The audit cycle begins with a known problem, proceeds with an initial assessment and data collection, analysis of those data, formulation and implementation of an action plan, and a re-evaluation of the topic initially assessed. Teams found that clinical protocols for treating major obstetric complications were not followed, although, national guidelines had been issued in 2002. In an audit of facility organisation, staff addressed obstacles to the timely treatment of obstetric emergencies during off hours. In each audit, teams devised mechanisms to correct problems that resulted in significant improvements when the audit cycle was repeated. CBA improved adherence to national guidelines, improved record-keeping, heightened teamwork, and showed staff that they could identify and solve many of their own problems.

  16. Language Contact as Bilingual Contrast among Bai Language Users in Jianchuan County, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hefright, Brook Emerson

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation explores Bai language use in Jianchuan County, China. On the basis of interviews with 42 language users, transcripts of spontaneous conversation and elicited narratives, excerpts from Bai texts in an alphabetic orthography and Chinese characters, and six months of participant observation, I demonstrate how language users'…

  17. Transformation of Consciousness: Decoding Conceptual Metaphors in Mira Bai

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Amrita

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Mira Bai, a saint-poet of North India is an important figure in medieval Hindi literature. Her bhajan-s (songs profoundly represent the transforming of consciousness working through conceptual metaphors which fall in the realm of religious poetry wherein target domains are generally abstract. Since, the working of the mind is more powerful than anything else, consciousness has become the central issue in modern philosophy of mind and metaphysics. Can we try to gauge abstract ideas and consciousness? What do we need to make such ideas explicit? What happens when the line between the abstract and the real becomes blur or transparent, especially with respect to spiritual experience? It is here that metaphors step in providing us glimpses into representational relation between mental processes, state of mind and the material world. Therefore, this present paper attempts to study conceptual metaphors which are replete in Mira Bai’s poetry conforming to her spiritual journey. The paper is divided into three sections viz. Mira Bai, Understanding Conceptual Metaphor, A Study of Mira Bai’s Selected Poetry.Keywords: Mira, Metaphor, Religious poetry, Mapping

  18. Effectiveness of the Viet Nam produced, mouse brain-derived, inactivated Japanese encephalitis vaccine in Northern Viet Nam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florian Marks

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Japanese encephalitis (JE is a flaviviral disease of public health concern in many parts of Asia. JE often occurs in large epidemics, has a high case-fatality ratio and, among survivors, frequently causes persistent neurological sequelae and mental disabilities. In 1997, the Vietnamese government initiated immunization campaigns targeting all children aged 1-5 years. Three doses of a locally-produced, mouse brain-derived, inactivated JE vaccine (MBV were given. This study aims at evaluating the effectiveness of Viet Nam's MBV. METHODOLOGY: A matched case-control study was conducted in Northern Viet Nam. Cases were identified through an ongoing hospital-based surveillance. Each case was matched to four healthy controls for age, gender, and neighborhood. The vaccination history was ascertained through JE immunization logbooks maintained at local health centers. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Thirty cases and 120 controls were enrolled. The effectiveness of the JE vaccine was 92.9% [95% CI: 66.6-98.5]. Confounding effects of other risk variables were not observed. CONCLUSIONS: Our results strongly suggest that the locally-produced JE-MBV given to 1-5 years old Vietnamese children was efficacious.

  19. Training and employment of people with disabilities : Viet Nam 2002: an AbilityAsia country study

    OpenAIRE

    Yoder, Julie

    2003-01-01

    Reviews the overall situation of disabled people in Viet Nam and examines relevant legislation and policies and their implementing structures. Describes opportunities for disabled people within the education and training system and investigates employment opportunities.

  20. Ecological Modernisation Theory and Industrialising Economies : The Case of Viet Nam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Frijns, J.; Phuong Thuy Phung,; Mol, A.P.J.

    2000-01-01

    As Ecological Modernisation Theory has been developed against the background of European industrialised societies, the value and applicability of Ecological Modernisation Theory for developing or industrialising economies is often questioned. This article explores this controversy by taking Viet Nam

  1. The Scientific and Technical Revolution in the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vien, Nguyen Khac

    1979-01-01

    Discussed are the reasons for the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam's scientific backwardness. A development project which will enable this country to become a modern, economically self-sufficient country by the year 2000 is outlined. (BT)

  2. Energy supply, demand, and policy in Viet Nam, with future projections

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pham Khanh Toan; Nguyen Minh Bao, E-mail: nguyenmbao@hotmail.com; Nguyen Ha Dieu

    2011-11-15

    This article provides background on the current status and recent trends of energy use in Viet Nam, as well as projections of energy demand and energy supply in the coming decades. The article summarizes the results of the current national Master Plan for developing the electricity supply sector to meet increasing electricity demand. Also described are the evolution and current status of Viet Nam's energy policies, including those related to energy security, energy efficiency and conservation, the environment, and development of renewable energy sources, as well as strategies for power sector development and restructuring of the energy sector toward greater use of competitive energy markets. The initial phase of the Viet Nam energy sector modeling effort under the Asian Energy Security (AES) project is described. The final section of this article offers conclusions regarding the status of Viet Nam's energy sector and policies, and recommendations regarding 'next steps' in energy security analysis.

  3. Managing Success in Viet Nam: Macroeconomic Consequences of Large Capital Inflows with Limited Policy Tools

    OpenAIRE

    Menon, Jayant

    2009-01-01

    Viet Nam has experienced spectacular economic growth over the past decade, in part the result of massive foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows. Although much has been written on the impacts of FDI in developing countries, previous studies have generally ignored macroeconomic consequences in cost-benefit assessments. These macroeconomic aspects can be particularly important in transitional economies like Viet Nam, where some of the tools for macroeconomic stabilization may be blunt or unavai...

  4. ADB Briefs 12: The Irrigation Service Fee Waiver in Viet Nam

    OpenAIRE

    Asian Development Bank

    2013-01-01

    This policy brief aims to inform policy makers in the Government of Viet Nam and development partners involved in developing the water and irrigation subsector about the irrigation service fee waiver and related issues. This is intended to stimulate debate and plan for rational solutions to unintended impacts of government policy. The policy brief is the summary of a larger study, Review of the Impact of the Viet Nam Government’s Waiver of Irrigation Service Fees (31 August 2012), which was f...

  5. BMI and BAI as Markers of Obesity in a Caucasian Population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Zwierzchowska

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: BMI is known to have limited accuracy, which is different for males and females with similar body fat content. That is why Bergman et al. (Obesity 2011;19:1083-1089 introduced an alternative variable of obesity, called the body adiposity index (BAI. Their primary research was conducted in samples of Mexican-American and African-American populations. The objective of our research was to investigate the sex-specific relationship between both BMI and BAI and body fat content in a healthy Caucasian population. The accuracy of both indexes was compared. Methods: 684 women and 528 men aged 20-22 years with Caucasian origin only participated in the study. Participants were students of universities in southern Poland. They had no indication of cardiometabolic problems, as evaluated by interview. Results: The study revealed that BAI is a more sensitive method in assessing obesity in Caucasian males rather than BMI. In the population of Caucasian women BAI results indicate a significant underestimation of obesity. Conclusion: The fact that there is a high statistical correlation between BAI and % fat mass among obese and overweight men and women suggests that BAI could be highly specific provided that the BAI cutoffs will be adapted to the European population.

  6. Adequacy of anti-tuberculosis drug prescriptions in Viet Nam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoa, N B; Lauritsen, J M; Rieder, H L

    2012-01-01

    information on treatment regimen and the patient's weight. Treatment was successful in 89.4%. Prescriptions of tablets/vials conforming to recommendations were found for respectively 91.2%, 89.9%, 92.3% and 94.6% of the patients for RMP/isoniazid, pyrazinamide, ethambutol and streptomycin. Patients in the 25......SETTING: National Tuberculosis Program, Viet Nam, 2008. OBJECTIVES: To determine drug prescription adherence to national guidelines, to examine factors associated with an erroneous dosage of rifampin (RMP) and to evaluate the impact of an insufficient RMP dosage on treatment outcome. METHODS......: A representative sample of 30 treatment units was randomly selected. All patient treatment cards enrolled in these units were obtained, and data were double-entered and validated before calculating the adequacy of the individual drug prescriptions. RESULTS: Of 3412 tuberculosis treatment cards, 3225 (94.5%) had...

  7. Prof. BAI Chunli receives Honorary Fellowship from Royal Society of Chemistry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Prof. BAI Chunli, an expert in nanoscience and technology, has been conferred the Honorary Fellowship of the London-based Royal Society of Chemistry (HonFRSC). The presentation ceremony was held on 12 December, 2007 in Beijing.

  8. Viet Nam [Status and technology of polymer-containing fibrous materials in the Eastern Hemisphere

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In South Viet Nam, forest covers about 30% of the land area or approximately 6 000 000 ha. Hardwoods comprise about 80% of the timber stock. The total growing stock is not known exactly. Forest inventory is difficult in Viet Nam since some areas are inaccessible in the virgin forest. Overcutting by the population for domestic uses should also be mentioned together with fire damage, destruction by the war, etc. Practically all species of fibrous wood which are common in South- East Asia grow in Viet Nam. Pine trees especially account for about 2% of the forest and bamboo for 1%, and rubber trees, kenaf and jute are abundant. Valuable fibrous materials other than wood are agricultural wastes such as rice straw and bagasse. Table I presents a list of the most common fibrous plants of Viet Nam; their importance, however, cannot be evaluated. In addition, restricted numbers of these plants are consumed by the population of the region where they grow wild. Exploitation is, in fact, purely artisanal and tends merely to meet local needs. Cotton plants (Gossipium herbaceum) grow mainly in Central Viet Nam; the cotton product is not of good quality since the fibres are not very long

  9. Discovery of the fossiliferous Cu Brei Formation (Lower Devonian) in the Kon Tum Block (South Viet Nam)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thanh, Tong-Dzuy; Duyen, Than Duc; Hung, Nguyen Huu; My, Bui Phu

    2007-01-01

    Lower Devonian corals and stromatoporoids have recently been discovered in limestones among low grade metamorphic rocks on the western margin of the Kon Tum Block (South Viet Nam). This unit has been identified as the Cu Brei Formation. Coral and stromatoporoid species have been described including Squameofavosites aff. spongiosus, Parallelostroma cf. multicolumnum, Amphipora cf. rasilis, A. cf. raritalis, Simplexodictyon cf. artyschtense, Stromatopora cf. boriarchinovi and Stromatopora sp. indet. The Cu Brei Formation is exposed in a small area 6 km in length and 3 km wide at the foot of Cu Brei Mountain (Sa Thay District, Kon Tum Province). As this formation is in marine shelf facies it is probable that further exposures of Lower Devonian sediments may be discovered in the Kon Tum Block. This discovery raises the question of the tectonic history of the metamorphic Kon Tum Block. It is possible that the block was not an area of positive uplift from the beginning of Paleozoic as has been supposed, but was submerged in a marine environment, at least on its outer margins, in the Devonian, and possibly even earlier, in Early Paleozoic.

  10. Quality of reproductive health services at commune health stations in Viet Nam: implications for national reproductive health care strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ngo, Anh D; Hill, Peter S

    2011-05-01

    This paper presents a qualitative study conducted in 2009 of provider and patient perceptions of primary level reproductive health services provided by commune health stations (CHSs), and the implications for Viet Nam's 2011-2020 National Strategy for Reproductive Health Care. In the three provinces of Thai Nguyen, Thua Thien Hue, and Vinh Long, we interviewed the heads of CHSs, held focus group discussions with midwives and women patients, and observed facilities. Half the 30 CHSs visited were in poor physical condition; the rest were newly renovated. However, the model of service delivery was largely unchanged from ten years before. Many appeared to fall short in meeting patient expectations in terms of modern medical equipment and technology, range of drug supplies, and levels of staff expertise. As a result, many women were turning to private doctors and public hospitals, at least in urban areas, or seeking medication from pharmacies. To make CHS clinics sustainable, promotion of access to reproductive health services should be undertaken concurrently with quality improvement. A responsive payment scheme must also be developed to generate revenues. Efforts should be made to reduce the unnecessary use of more costly services from private clinics and higher level public facilities. PMID:21555086

  11. Strategies of More and Less Successful Bai High School EFL Learners

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Ming

    2003-01-01

    This study aims to explore the choice of language learning strategies between more and lesssuccessful Bai high school EFL learners for whom English is learned as a third language. Sixteen Bai EFLlearners were involved in the current study. A background questionnaire and the Oxford's SILL Question-naire were administered to the participants, and semi - structured interviews were conducted. The reporteddata indicate that successful learners employed more strategies than less successful ones did and metacog-nitive strategies best predicted learning success. Individual strategies used by both successful and lesssuccessful Bai EFL learners were outlined and discussed. The paper concludes with implications of the studyand recommendations for the extension of research in this area.

  12. 白族服饰的文化意蕴%Cultural Implications of Bai Costumes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雯; 郭爱梅

    2012-01-01

    大理民族文化源远流长,民族风情多姿多彩,自古至今沿袭下来的白族服饰文化更以其独特性和审美鉴赏价值,成为中华民族文化的重要组成部分。研究白族服饰的文化意蕴,无疑是了解白族、认识白族文化的最佳切入点。%The ethnic culture in Dali has a long standing, and the ethnic customs are colorful. The costume culture of Bai nationality which, with its characteristics and aesthetic values, has developed from the ancient times now becomes a significant part of Chinese ethnic culture. The study of the cultural implications of Bai costumes is the best breakthrough point to understand the culture of Bai nationality.

  13. A Comparative Study of Scarlett and Bai Liusu from a Feminist Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马箐

    2014-01-01

    Scarlett and Bai Liusu, the protagonists of American literary classic Gone with the Wind and Chinese modern literary work Love in a Fallen City, are two distinct women images in the history of world literature. Their female consciousness can be discovered throughout both works. This paper attempts to make a comparative study between the two heroines, by analyzing their female consciousness which is primarily expressed in the pursuit of love, money and independence, as well as their personali⁃ties and destiny. The study discovers that although Scarlett and Bai Liusu experience similar awakening process, their endings are different. The democratic Western culture allows Scarlett to grow up into a rebellious new woman; by contrast, thousands of years of Chinese feudal society decide that Bai Liusu’s female consciousness is not thorough enough.

  14. Reliability analysis of the Red River dikes system in Viet Nam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pham Quang, T.

    2014-01-01

    This dissertation presents the applications of probabilistic-based frameworks in geotechnical and hydraulic engineering, for the assessment of the Red River dikes in Viet Nam. Dike along rivers often spread over the deltaic environment and its earthen structures are parts of a long civilian history

  15. Distance Education Policy and Public Awareness in Cambodia, Laos, and Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vuth, Doung; Than, Chhuon Chan; Phanousith, Somphone; Phissamay, Phonpasit; Tai, Tran Thi

    2007-01-01

    The current project brings together academic and governmental specialists from Cambodia, Laos, and Viet Nam (CLV), in a collaborative study of the prospects for distance education (DE) in those countries. The study's overall objectives are to: (1) survey and take stock of existing educational scenarios and problems in CLV; (2) document the…

  16. Stimulating the development of national Streptococcus suis guidelines in Viet Nam through a strategic research partnership

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wertheim, Heiman; Ha, Nguyen Hong; Trung, Nguyen Vu; Trinh, Dao Tuyet; Taylor, Walter; Ha, Nguyen Minh; Lien, Trinh Thi Minh; Farrar, Jeremy; Van Kinh, Nguyen

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Problem Streptococcus suis is a common cause of adult bacterial meningitis in Viet Nam, and possibly other parts of Asia, yet this disabling infection has been largely neglected. Prevention, diagnosis and treatment are relatively straightforward and affordable but, in early 2007, no national diagnostic, case management or prevention guidelines existed in Viet Nam. Approach Enhanced detection of S. suis infections was established in 2007 as part of a collaborative research programme between the National Hospital for Tropical Diseases, a key national hospital with very close links to the Ministry of Health, and a research group affiliated with Oxford University based in Viet Nam. The results were reported directly to policy-makers at the Ministry of Health. Local setting Viet Nam is a low-income country with a health-care system that has seen considerable improvements and increased autonomy. However, parts of the system remain fairly centralized the Ministry of Health. Relevant changes Following the improved detection and reporting of S. suis cases, the Ministry of Health issued guidance to all hospitals in Viet Nam on the clinical and laboratory diagnosis, treatment and prevention of S. suis. A public health laboratory diagnostic service was established at the National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology and training courses were conducted for clinicians and microbiologists. Ministry of Health guidance on surveillance and control of communicable diseases was updated to include a section on S. suis. Lessons learnt Research collaborations can efficiently inform and influence national responses if they are well positioned to reach policy-makers. PMID:20539860

  17. RISK LEVEL OF VIET NAM HUMAN RESOURCE INDUSTRY UNDER FINANCIAL LEVERAGE DURING AND AFTER THE GLOBAL CRISIS 2007-2011

    OpenAIRE

    HUY, DINH TRAN NGOC

    2013-01-01

    After the financial crisis 2007-2009, this paper evaluates the impacts of external financing on market risk for the listed firms in the Viet nam HR industry. First, by using quantitative and analytical methods to estimate asset and equity beta of total 4 listed companies in Viet Nam HR industry with a proper traditional model, we found out that the beta values, in general, for many institutions are acceptable. Second, under 3 different scenarios of changing leverage (in 2011 financial reports...

  18. Characteristics of tuberculosis patients at intake in Cambodia, two provinces in China, and Viet Nam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoa, Nguyen B; Wei, Chen; Sokun, Chay;

    2011-01-01

    The tuberculosis register is a critical data source for the information system of national tuberculosis control programs. From the information in the tuberculosis case register, it is possible to extend the standard analysis of age and sex characteristics among sputum smear-positive cases to all ...

  19. Alcohol Use and HIV Risk Behaviors among Rural Adolescents in Khanh Hoa Province Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaljee, L. M.; Genberg, B. L.; Minh, T. T.; Tho, L. H.; Thoa, L. T. K.; Stanton, B.

    2005-01-01

    Research suggests that youth are consuming more alcohol and at younger ages than in the past. Data also indicate that alcohol consumption is associated with participation in other risk behaviors including aggression and sexual behaviors. As part of a randomized control effectiveness trial for an HIV prevention program, 480 Vietnamese youth (15-20…

  20. Psychological and social factors associated with late pregnancy iron deficiency anaemia in rural Viet Nam: a population-based prospective study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thach Duc Tran

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between psychological and social factors and late pregnancy IDA among pregnant women in rural Viet Nam. METHODS: Pregnant women from 50 randomly-selected communes within Ha Nam province were recruited and assessed at 12 - 20 weeks gestation (Wave 1, W1. They were followed up in the last trimester (Wave 2, W2. IDA was defined as Haemoglobin < 11 g/dL and serum ferritin < 15 ng/mL. Symptoms of Common Mental Disorders (CMD were assessed by the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale-Vietnam (EPDS-V. Persistent antenatal CMD was defined as having an EPDS-V score ≥ 4 in both W1 and W2. Hypothesis models were tested by Structural Equation Modeling analyses. RESULTS: A total of 378 women provided complete data at both W1 and W2. The incidence risk of IDA in the third trimester was 13.2% (95% confidence interval (CI: 9.8-16.7. Persistent CMD was found in 16.9% (95% CI: 13.1-20.7 pregnant women and predicted by intimate partner violence, fear of other family members, experience of childhood abuse, coincidental life adversity, and having a preference for the sex of the baby. There was a significant pathway from persistent CMD to IDA in late pregnancy via the length of time that iron supplements had been taken. Receiving advice to take iron supplements and higher household wealth index were indirectly related to lower risk of late pregnancy IDA. Early pregnancy IDA and being multi-parous also contributed to late pregnancy IDA. CONCLUSIONS: Antenatal IDA and CMD are prevalent public health problems among women in Viet Nam. The link between them suggests that while direct recommendations to use iron supplements are important, the social factors associated with common mental disorders should be addressed in antenatal care in order to improve the health of pregnant women and their infants.

  1. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in adults in Khanh Hoa, Viet Nam

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huy Van Tran; M.T. Truong; Thach Nguyen

    2004-01-01

    Background The metabolic syndrome (MS) is characterized by a specific clustering of risk factors, including dyslipidemia, central adiposity, systemic hypertension, insulin resistance, and dysglycemia. It is associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). Accurate data on prevalence and characteristics of MS will facilitate the development of preventive strategies for CVD. Objective To estimate accurately the prevalence of MS among Vietnamese adults with the usual criteria or with the criteria modified for Asian populations. Design and methods We studied a representative, cross-sectional, population-based sample of 856 subjects (mean age 52.82 ± 16.36) classified in three age groups from 15-34 years, 35-54 years and > 54 years of age, living in Khanh Hoa Province, Viet Nam. MS was diagnosed according to the criteria defined by the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expect Panel on Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel Ⅲ) (NCEP-ATP Ⅲ) and by the modified criteria for some Asian populations in which the waist circumference (WC) is considered abnormal if it is > 90 cm for males and > 80 cm for females.Results Using the NCEP-ATP Ⅲ criteria, the prevalence of MS in the studied population was 10.0% (CI 95 %:8.1-12.3). It was 2.4 % in the 15-34 age group (men 4.5% and women 1.2%),5.2% (men 6.3%,women 4.5% ) in 35-54 age group and 15.8% (men 9.7%, women 21.7%) in over 54 age group, respectively. And it was more common in women than in men (11.7% vs 8.0%, P <0.001). Using 2001 population census data of the whole province over 15 years (695 218 habitants) we estimated that about 35 193 people suffered from the MS.The WC was the least common feature of MS (2.1% for men and in 6.1% for women).Overall,45.2 % of the studied population had one feature of MS, 23.1% had two features, 8.2% had three features, 1.6% had four

  2. Impact of Adverse Events Following Immunization in Viet Nam in 2013 on chronic hepatitis B infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xi; Wiesen, Eric; Diorditsa, Sergey; Toda, Kohei; Duong, Thi Hong; Nguyen, Lien Huong; Nguyen, Van Cuong; Nguyen, Tran Hien

    2016-02-01

    Adverse Events Following Immunization in Viet Nam in 2013 led to substantial reductions in hepatitis B vaccination coverage (both the birth dose and the three-dose series). In order to estimate the impact of the reduction in vaccination coverage on hepatitis B transmission and future mortality, a widely-used mathematical model was applied to the data from Viet Nam. Using the model, we estimated the number of chronic infections and deaths that are expected to occur in the birth cohort in 2013 and the number of excessive infections and deaths attributable to the drop in immunization coverage in 2013. An excess of 90,137 chronic infections and 17,456 future deaths were estimated to occur in the 2013 birth cohort due to the drop in vaccination coverage. This analysis highlights the importance of maintaining high vaccination coverage and swiftly responding to reported Adverse Events Following Immunization in order to regain consumer confidence in the hepatitis B vaccine. PMID:26055296

  3. Use and quality of antimalarial drugs in the private sector in Viet Nam.

    OpenAIRE

    Cong, L D; Yen, P. T.; Nhu, T. V.; Binh, L N

    1998-01-01

    This study examines the use and quality of antimalarial drugs in the growing private sector of Viet Nam. The practices of drug vendors (called alternative treatment providers (ATPs)) as well as their stocks and the quality of drugs sold by them, and the local production and distribution of antimalarials were investigated. Antimalarials were sold by the vast majority of ATPs, almost all the common antimalarials being available for sale. The practices and indications for sale, however, varied. ...

  4. Oseltamivir resistance among influenza viruses: surveillance in northern Viet Nam, 2009–2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nguyen Thi Kim Phuong

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Antiviral resistance has been reported in seasonal influenza A viruses and avian influenza A(H5N1 viruses in Viet Nam, raising concerns about the efficacy of treatment. Methods: We analysed specimens from two sources during the period 2009–2012: influenza-positive samples from influenza-like illness patients at sentinel clinics in northern Viet Nam and isolates from patients with confirmed A(H5N1 infections. Pyrosequencing was used to detect mutations: H275Y [for A(H1N1 and A(H5N1], E119V [for A(H3N2] and I117V [for A(H5N1]. A neuraminidase inhibition assay was used to determine the Inhibitory Concentration 50 (IC50 values for all influenza A and B isolates. Results: There were 341 influenza A positive samples identified; influenza A(H1N1pdm09 was identified most frequently (n = 215. In 2009, oseltamivir resistance was observed in 100% (19 of 19 of seasonal A(H1N1 isolates and 1.4% (3/215 of A(H1N1pdm09 isolates. This H275Y mutation was not found in influenza subtypes A(H5N1 or A(H3N2 isolates. Discussion: In Viet Nam, seasonal and A(H5N1 influenza vaccines are not currently available; thus, effective treatment is required. The presence of oseltamivir-resistant viruses is therefore a concern. Active surveillance for oseltamivir resistance among influenza viruses circulating in Viet Nam should be continued.

  5. Early marriage and intimate partner violence among adolescents and young adults in Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong Le, Minh Thi; Tran, Thach Duc; Nguyen, Huong Thanh; Fisher, Jane

    2014-03-01

    Research about the association between early marriage and intimate partner violence (IPV) in low-income countries has yielded conflicting evidence. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of and associations between early marriage, and IPV among adolescents and young adults in Viet Nam. Secondary analysis of data from the national Survey Assessment of Viet Namese Youth-Round II (SAVY-II) conducted in 2009-2010, which assessed a representative cohort of people aged 14 to 25 years recruited via a systematic household survey was undertaken. Prevalence was established using descriptive statistics. The association between early marriage and IPV was examined using multiple logistic regressions, adjusting for potential risk factors. Of 10,044 participants, 1,701 had ever married and were included in analyses. Early marriage (before age 18), and experiences of verbal, physical, or sexual IPV were more common among females than males. More young married men than women reported experiences of controlling behaviors by their partners. Early marriage, being illiterate, and exposure to sexual abuse were associated with experience of IPV among young females, but not among young males. Poverty and exposure to family violence was associated with IPV in both sexes. Addressing early marriage, low educational opportunities for girls, childhood sexual abuse, family violence, and poverty should be considered in strategies to reduce IPV in Viet Nam.

  6. Phylodynamics of Enterovirus A71-Associated Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease in Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kühnert, Denise; Halpin, Rebecca A.; Lin, Xudong; Simenauer, Ari; Akopov, Asmik; Das, Suman R.; Stockwell, Timothy B.; Shrivastava, Susmita; Ngoc, Nghiem My; Uyen, Le Thi Tam; Tuyen, Nguyen Thi Kim; Thanh, Tran Tan; Hang, Vu Thi Ty; Qui, Phan Tu; Hung, Nguyen Thanh; Khanh, Truong Huu; Thinh, Le Quoc; Nhan, Le Nguyen Thanh; Van, Hoang Minh Tu; Viet, Do Chau; Tuan, Ha Manh; Viet, Ho Lu; Hien, Tran Tinh; Chau, Nguyen Van Vinh; Thwaites, Guy; Grenfell, Bryan T.; Stadler, Tanja; Wentworth, David E.; Holmes, Edward C.; Van Doorn, H. Rogier

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) is a major cause of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) and is particularly prevalent in parts of Southeast Asia, affecting thousands of children and infants each year. Revealing the evolutionary and epidemiological dynamics of EV-A71 through time and space is central to understanding its outbreak potential. We generated the full genome sequences of 200 EV-A71 strains sampled from various locations in Viet Nam between 2011 and 2013 and used these sequence data to determine the evolutionary history and phylodynamics of EV-A71 in Viet Nam, providing estimates of the effective reproduction number (Re) of the infection through time. In addition, we described the phylogeography of EV-A71 throughout Southeast Asia, documenting patterns of viral gene flow. Accordingly, our analysis reveals that a rapid genogroup switch from C4 to B5 likely took place during 2012 in Viet Nam. We show that the Re of subgenogroup C4 decreased during the time frame of sampling, whereas that of B5 increased and remained >1 at the end of 2013, corresponding to a rise in B5 prevalence. Our study reveals that the subgenogroup B5 virus that emerged into Viet Nam is closely related to variants that were responsible for large epidemics in Malaysia and Taiwan and therefore extends our knowledge regarding its associated area of endemicity. Subgenogroup B5 evidently has the potential to cause more widespread outbreaks across Southeast Asia. IMPORTANCE EV-A71 is one of many viruses that cause HFMD, a common syndrome that largely affects infants and children. HFMD usually causes only mild illness with no long-term consequences. Occasionally, however, severe infection may arise, especially in very young children, causing neurological complications and even death. EV-A71 is highly contagious and is associated with the most severe HFMD cases, with large and frequent epidemics of the virus recorded worldwide. Although major advances have been made in the development of a

  7. Towards a lifelong learning society through reading promotion: Opportunities and challenges for libraries and community learning centres in Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossain, Zakir

    2016-04-01

    The government of Viet Nam has made a commitment to build a Lifelong Learning Society by 2020. A range of related initiatives have been launched, including the Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization Centre for Lifelong Learning (SEAMEO CELLL) and "Book Day" - a day aimed at encouraging reading and raising awareness of its importance for the development of knowledge and skills. Viet Nam also aims to implement lifelong learning (LLL) activities in libraries, museums, cultural centres and clubs. The government of Viet Nam currently operates more than 11,900 Community Learning Centres (CLCs) and is in the process of both renovating and innovating public libraries and museums throughout the country. In addition to the work undertaken by the Viet Nam government, a number of enterprises have been initiated by non-governmental organisations and non-profit organisations to promote literacy and lifelong learning. This paper investigates some government initiatives focused on libraries and CLCs and their impact on reading promotion. Proposing a way forward, the paper confirms that Viet Nam's libraries and CLCs play an essential role in promoting reading and building a LLL Society.

  8. Emerging Roles of BAI Adhesion-GPCRs in Synapse Development and Plasticity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph G. Duman

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Synapses mediate communication between neurons and enable the brain to change in response to experience, which is essential for learning and memory. The sites of most excitatory synapses in the brain, dendritic spines, undergo rapid remodeling that is important for neural circuit formation and synaptic plasticity. Abnormalities in synapse and spine formation and plasticity are associated with a broad range of brain disorders, including intellectual disabilities, autism spectrum disorders (ASD, and schizophrenia. Thus, elucidating the mechanisms that regulate these neuronal processes is critical for understanding brain function and disease. The brain-specific angiogenesis inhibitor (BAI subfamily of adhesion G-protein-coupled receptors (adhesion-GPCRs has recently emerged as central regulators of synapse development and plasticity. In this review, we will summarize the current knowledge regarding the roles of BAIs at synapses, highlighting their regulation, downstream signaling, and physiological functions, while noting the roles of other adhesion-GPCRs at synapses. We will also discuss the relevance of BAIs in various neurological and psychiatric disorders and consider their potential importance as pharmacological targets in the treatment of these diseases.

  9. Survey of Food-hygiene Practices at Home and Childhood Diarrhoea in Hanoi, Viet Nam

    OpenAIRE

    TAKANASHI, Kumiko; Chonan, Yuko; Quyen, Dao To; Khan, Nguyen Cong; Poudel, Krishna C; Jimba, Masamine

    2009-01-01

    A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the potential factors of food-hygiene practices of mothers on the prevalence of diarrhoea among their children. Mothers who had children aged 6 months–5 years were recruited in a hamlet in Viet Nam. The food-hygiene practices included hand-washing, method of washing utensils, separation of utensils for raw and cooked food, and the location where foods were prepared for cooking. A face-to-face interview was conducted, and data on 206 mothers...

  10. The Agency's technical co-operation programme with Viet Nam 1983-1993 country programme summaries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report contains a review of the Agency's technical co-operation activities in Viet Nam carried out during 1983-1993. In terms of coverage and analytical depth, country programmes summaries stand somewhere midway between in-depth country programme evaluations and individual project evaluations. They attempt to provide a comprehensive, descriptive picture of the Agency's co-operation with a Member State in a manner that will be particularly useful for programming decisions. The attempt is very much to describe - largely through statistical data - not to provide independent analysis and evaluation

  11. River Basin Water Assessment and Balance in fast developing areas in Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le, Van Chin; Ranzi, Roberto

    2010-05-01

    Uneven precipitation in space and time together with mismanagement and lack of knowledge about quantity and quality of water resources, have caused water shortages for water supply to large cities and irrigation areas in many regions of Viet Nam in the dry season. The rainy season (from June to October) counts for 80% of the total annual rainfall, while the water volume of dry season (from November to May of the following year) accounts for 20% only. Lack of sufficient water volumes occurs in some areas where the pressure of a fast increasing population (1.3% per year on average in the last decade in Viet Nam), intensive agricultural and industrial uses is one of the major problems facing sustainable development. For those areas an accurate water assessment and balance at the riverbasin scale is needed to manage the exploitation and appropriate use of water resources and plan future development. The paper describes the preliminary phase of the pilot development of the river basin water balance for the Day River Basin in the Red River delta in Viet Nam. The Day river basin includes a 7,897 km² area in the south-western part of the Red River in Viet Nam. The total population in the Day river basin exceeds 8 millions inhabitants, including the Hanoi capital, Nam Dinh and other large towns. Agricultural land covered 390,294 ha in 2000 and this area is going to be increased by 14,000 ha in 2010 due to land reclamation and expansion toward the sea. Agricultural uses exploit about 90% of surface water resources in the Day river basin but have to compete with industrial and civil needs in the recent years. At the background of the brief characterization of the Day River Basin, we concentrate on the application of a water balance model integrated by an assessment of water quality after consumptive uses for civil, agricultural and industrial needs to assist water management in the basin. In addition, future development scenarios are taken into account, considering less

  12. Manual on sample-based data collection for fisheries assessment : Examples from Viet Nam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sparre, Per Johan

    to collect, where and when to collect them. Only data collected from commercial marine capture fisheries are considered (data from freshwater fisheries, cultured fish and experimental fisheries are excluded). The methodologies used are mainly appropriate for a tropical developing country with many small...... with through both detailed discussion and by using simple examples. These examples are mostly based on situations in tropical fisheries and, in particular, experience has been drawn from developing a data collection programme in Viet Nam. The main questions addressed in the manual are which fisheries data...

  13. 李白羌族文化%Li Bai and Qiang Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周勋初

    2008-01-01

    以往的研究曾试图从多方面揭开李白之谜,但从其家庭出身及童年受羌族文化浸润的角度来研究李白的独特之处,却鲜有人涉及.李白的诗中经常出现"白"字,而且屡屡提及骑羊子葛南的传说,说明其受羌族及其文化影响之深.李白日夜渴望游访越地的仙洞,也与羌族文化有关.道教起源于羌族的葬礼,李白诗中赤松子驾紫气升天的描写,说明蜀羌的地域义化对其影响之深远.另外,李白喜欢的歌舞也与羌族歌舞关系密切.%Previous studies have attempted to unveil the mystery of Li Bai from various perspectives.This paper tries to reveal Li Bai'S uniqueness by considering his family roots and his immersion in Qiang culture in his early poems and that he often thinks of the legend of Ge You,goat rider,demonstrate that he is deeply influenced by the Qiang people and their culture.The reason why he longed day and night to visit the immortals in the grottos of the mountains in Yue iS also related to Qiang culture.Taoism was derived from the funeral customs of the Qiang people,and hence the depictions about Chisongzi who rose up to heaven in purple haze in Li Bai'S poems show how immense the influence of the regional culture of Shu and Qiang culture on Li Bai was.in addition,the music he enjoyed and the dance he performed are also closely associated with those of Qiang people.

  14. Towards a Lifelong Learning Society through Reading Promotion: Opportunities and Challenges for Libraries and Community Learning Centres in Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossain, Zakir

    2016-01-01

    The government of Viet Nam has made a commitment to build a Lifelong Learning Society by 2020. A range of related initiatives have been launched, including the Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization Centre for Lifelong Learning (SEAMEO CELLL) and "Book Day"--a day aimed at encouraging reading and raising awareness of its…

  15. SURMAT : decision support tool to select municipal solid waste treatment technologies : case study in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Thi, Le K.O.

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to enable taking more sustainable and cost-effective decisions on MSW management in developing cities. For this purpose, a tool named SURMAT was developed and applied using data of Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam (chapter 6). In order to prepare the tool for modeling of the MSW

  16. Look on the Bright SideChina and Viet Nam downplay maritime disputes and expand economic cooperation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU YAN

    2011-01-01

    China and Viet Nam vowed to strengthen maritime cooperation in "less sensitive fields" in disputed waters in the South China Sea.These fields include marine environmental protection,scientific research,search and rescue,and disaster reduction and prevention.

  17. A Self-Sustained Education System for a Developing Country: The Case of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tran, Dien Ngoc

    Viet Nam's average annual population growth rate is 2.6%, which accounts for a large youth population: 37.7% of the total population is under age 15, compared with an average of 20% in developed or newly industrialized countries. A free basic education for all children is almost impossible to provide. With consideration of the Vietnamese people's…

  18. Examining the Seven-Flag "Chieu Hoi" Pass: A Primary Document from the American War in Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engelmann, Ted

    2006-01-01

    During the Viet Nam war, U.S. military helicopters dropped "Chieu Hoi" (safe conduct) passes over suspected enemy locations to encourage enemy soldiers to surrender. This article presents a classroom activity that encourages students to examine a "Chieu Hoi" pass as a primary historical document, identify its various elements, and begin discussing…

  19. Effects of Social Class and School Conditions on Educational Enrollment and Achievement of Boys and Girls in Rural Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Phuong L.

    2006-01-01

    This study examines the effects of parental SES, school quality, and community factors on children's enrollment and achievement in rural areas in Viet Nam, using logistic regression and ordered logistic regression. Multivariate analysis reveals significant differences in educational enrollment and outcomes by level of household expenditures and…

  20. The Elimination of Illiteracy and the Use of Complementary Education in the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Bangkok (Thailand). Regional Office for Education in Asia and Oceania.

    To counteract the legacy of 80 years of colonial rule in North Viet Nam, President Ho Chi Minh outlined government objectives in the Declaration of Independence in 1945. Major objectives included combatting ignorance and illiteracy. To work toward these objectives, the government established a Department of Popular Education and encouraged…

  1. 白族家谱的特色及价值%The Characteristic and Value of Bai Genealogy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何俊伟

    2014-01-01

    白族家谱深受汉族家谱的影响,在秉承中国传统家谱文化的同时,在家谱编纂特征之篇幅、体裁、体例、首纂时间、追溯历史等方面;在家谱内容特性之白族姓氏族源、冠姓父子连名制、重名制、白文记载等方面都具有鲜明的民族特色。白族家谱是记载白族历史文化的资料库,对补正史料、白族民俗的研究及建设现代家庭道德和精神文明都具有重要的价值。%Influenced by the Han genealogy and absorbs traditional Chinese culture at the same time, Bai genealogy possesses its own distinct ethnic characteristics in compilation features of genealogy: space, genre, style, the first compilation time and history; and in content characteristics of genealogy:the origin of Bai surname, naming conventions—Han surname with linking given name between father and son, father and son share the same name and the records written in Bai language, etc. Bai genealogy records, the database of Bai history and culture, which enjoy great research values in the correction of historical data and Bai custom, and the construction of modern family's moral and spiritual civilization.

  2. Prevalence of and risk factors for violent disciplinary practices at home in Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cappa, Claudia; Dam, Hang

    2014-02-01

    Data on parenting practices and the use of violence in child rearing remain scarce worldwide, hindering prevention efforts. This study examines disciplinary methods used on children at home in Viet Nam. It is based on data collected from 2010 to 2011 through the fourth round of the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS4)-a household survey program supported by the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) that focuses on women and children in low- and middle-income countries. Respondents in the survey were asked 11 questions relating to disciplinary measures used in the preceding month on one randomly selected child (2-14 years old) in each household. A final question about attitudes probed adults' views on the need for physical punishment in child rearing. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to estimate the prevalence of violent and nonviolent forms of discipline, and to identify risk factors associated with violent punishment. Results showed that three in four children in Viet Nam are disciplined through violent means. The exposure of Vietnamese children to violent forms of discipline was significantly associated with varied characteristics of both children and their caregivers. Moreover, the use of violent disciplinary practices on children was strongly associated with positive attitudes toward corporal punishment. Risk factors for violent child discipline identified in this study can inform future interventions to promote positive practices and to protect Vietnamese children against violence in the home. PMID:24162756

  3. Survey of food-hygiene practices at home and childhood diarrhoea in Hanoi, Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takanashi, Kumiko; Chonan, Yuko; Quyen, Dao To; Khan, Nguyen Cong; Poudel, Krishna C; Jimba, Masamine

    2009-10-01

    A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the potential factors of food-hygiene practices of mothers on the prevalence of diarrhoea among their children. Mothers who had children aged 6 months-5 years were recruited in a hamlet in Viet Nam. The food-hygiene practices included hand-washing, method of washing utensils, separation of utensils for raw and cooked food, and the location where foods were prepared for cooking. A face-to-face interview was conducted, and data on 206 mothers were analyzed. The risk of diarrhoea was significantly higher among children whose mothers prepared food for cooking somewhere other than the table (typically on the ground) compared to children whose mothers prepared food on the table (adjusted odds ratio = 2.85, 95% confidence interval 1.11-7.28). The results indicate that food-hygiene practices of mothers, such as avoiding preparing food for cooking on the ground, has a potential impact in preventing diarrhoea among children in Viet Nam.

  4. Allele frequency of 19 autosomal STR loci in the Bai population from the southwestern region of mainland China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yi; Hong, Yine; Li, Xiujiang; Yang, Jinmeng; Li, Lanjiang; Huang, Ying; Wang, Chuanchao; Li, Hui; Xu, Bingying

    2015-10-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate a 19 STR loci database using the Bai population from China. This multiplex amplification kit included 13 CODIS STR markers and six plus STR markers (D19S433, Penta E, D2S1338, Penta D, D6S1043, and D12S391) that were successfully analyzed by using 1158 DNA samples from the Bai population from the southwestern part of mainland China. These results indicate that this multiplex amplification kit may provide significant polymorphic information for kinship testing and relationship investigations.

  5. Endoparasites of western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) at Bai Hokou, Central African Republic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freeman, Andrea S; Kinsella, John M; Cipolletta, Chloe; Deem, Sharon L; Karesh, William B

    2004-10-01

    A coprologic study of free-ranging western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) at Bai Hokou, Dzangha-Ndoki National Park, Central African Republic (2 degrees 51'34''N, 16 degrees 28'03''E) was conducted from October 1999 to November 2000. All 75 fecal samples examined were positive for endoparasites, and each contained at least two species. Parasites present included two genera of amoebae, entodiniomorph ciliates, including Prototapirella gorillae, Troglodytella spp., and Gorillophilus thoracatus, a Balantidium-like organism, strongyle/trichostrongyle eggs (including a presumptive Mammomonogamus sp. and several other genera), Strongyloides sp., Probstmayria sp., a spirurid, a trichuroid, and several unidentified trematodes. Flagellates and cestodes were not found. Despite the presence of a variety of parasite genera, in general, levels of parasitism were low. These data provide baseline parasitologic data for this population as part of a comprehensive health-monitoring program. With the advent of ecotourism in this study area, continued monitoring is indicated for insuring the health of both gorillas and humans in the Bai Hokou study area.

  6. The risk level of Viet Nam human resource and medical equipment industry under financial leverage during and after the global crisis 2009-2011

    OpenAIRE

    Dinh Tran Ngoc Huy

    2015-01-01

    This paperwork evaluates the impacts of external financing on market risk for the listed firms in the Viet nam HR and medical equipment industry, esp. during and after the financial crisis 2009-2011. First of all, by using quantitative and analytical methods to estimate asset and equity beta of total 6 listed companies in Viet Nam HR and medical equipment industry with a proper traditional model, we found out that the beta values, in general, for many institutions are acceptable. Second, unde...

  7. A multicentre molecular analysis of hepatitis B and blood-borne virus coinfections in Viet Nam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Dunford

    Full Text Available Hepatitis B (HBV infection is endemic in Viet Nam, with up to 8.4 million individuals estimated to be chronically infected. We describe results of a large, multicentre seroepidemiological and molecular study of the prevalence of HBV infection and blood-borne viral coinfections in Viet Nam. Individuals with varying risk factors for infection (n = 8654 were recruited from five centres; Ha Noi, Hai Phong, Da Nang, Khanh Hoa and Can Tho. A mean prevalence rate of 10.7% was observed and levels of HBsAg were significantly higher in injecting drug users (IDUs (17.4%, n = 174/1000 and dialysis patients (14.3%, n = 82/575 than in lower-risk groups (9.4%; p<0.001. Coinfection with HIV was seen in 28% of HBV-infected IDUs (n = 49/174 and 15.2% of commercial sex workers (CSWs; n = 15/99. HCV infection was present in 89.8% of the HBV-HIV coinfected IDUs (n = 44/49 and 40% of HBV-HIV coinfected CSWs (n = 16/40. Anti-HDV was detected in 10.7% (n = 34/318 of HBsAg positive individuals. Phylogenetic analysis of HBV S gene (n = 187 showed a predominance of genotype B4 (82.6%; genotypes C1 (14.6%, B2 (2.7% and C5 (0.5% were also identified. The precore mutation G1896A was identified in 35% of all specimens, and was more frequently observed in genotype B (41% than genotype C (3%; p<0.0001. In the immunodominant 'a' region of the surface gene, point mutations were identified in 31% (n = 58/187 of sequences, and 2.2% (n = 4/187 and 5.3% (n = 10/187 specimens contained the major vaccine escape mutations G145A/R and P120L/Q/S/T, respectively. 368 HBsAg positive individuals were genotyped for the IL28B SNP rs12979860 and no significant association between the IL28B SNP and clearance of HBsAg, HBV viral load or HBeAg was observed. This study confirms the high prevalence of HBV infection in Viet Nam and also highlights the significant levels of blood-borne virus coinfections, which have important implications for hepatitis-related morbidity and development of effective

  8. Consequences of gestational diabetes in an urban hospital in Viet Nam: a prospective cohort study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jane E Hirst

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM is increasing and is a risk for type 2 diabetes. Evidence supporting screening comes mostly from high-income countries. We aimed to determine prevalence and outcomes in urban Viet Nam. We compared the proposed International Association of the Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG criterion, requiring one positive value on the 75-g glucose tolerance test, to the 2010 American Diabetes Association (ADA criterion, requiring two positive values. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a prospective cohort study in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam. Study participants were 2,772 women undergoing routine prenatal care who underwent a 75-g glucose tolerance test and interview around 28 (range 24-32 wk. GDM diagnosed by the ADA criterion was treated by local protocol. Women with GDM by the IADPSG criterion but not the ADA criterion were termed "borderline" and received standard care. 2,702 women (97.5% of cohort were followed until discharge after delivery. GDM was diagnosed in 164 participants (6.1% by the ADA criterion, 550 (20.3% by the IADPSG criterion. Mean body mass index was 20.45 kg/m(2 in women with out GDM, 21.10 in women with borderline GDM, and 21.81 in women with GDM, p<0.001. Women with GDM and borderline GDM were more likely to deliver preterm, with adjusted odds ratios (aORs of 1.49 (95% CI 1.16-1.91 and 1.52 (1.03-2.24, respectively. They were more likely to have clinical neonatal hypoglycaemia, aORs of 4.94 (3.41-7.14 and 3.34 (1.41-7.89, respectively. For large for gestational age, the aORs were 1.16 (0.93-1.45 and 1.31 (0.96-1.79, respectively. There was no significant difference in large for gestational age, death, severe birth trauma, or maternal morbidity between the groups. Women with GDM underwent more labour inductions, aOR 1.51 (1.08-2.11. CONCLUSIONS: Choice of criterion greatly affects GDM prevalence in Viet Nam. Women with GDM by the IADPSG criterion were at risk of preterm delivery

  9. Gender equality probably does not affect performance at the Olympic games : A comment on Berdahl, Uhlmann, and Bai

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuppens, Toon; Pollet, Thomas V.

    2015-01-01

    In a recent article, Berdahl, Uhlmann, and Bai (2015) reported that countries with higher gender equality won more medals at the 2012 and 2014 Olympic games. This relation held for both female and male athletes. The authors, however, did not control for GDP per capita, or take into account the clust

  10. 白汉双语教育及其教材建设%Bai-Chinese Bilingual Education and Teaching Material Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张霞

    2012-01-01

    白汉双语教育是教学中同时使用汉语和汉字、白语和拼音白文的双语双文型的双语教育活动。白汉双语教育工作主要在白族人口比例最高的大理州剑川县西中小学和石龙小学开展。为配合白汉双语教育工作的开展,有关部门编写、出版了三种类型的白汉双语教育教材。白汉双语教育工作的开展及其教材建设丰富了民汉双语教育理论和学科建设。%[ Bai-Chinese bilingual education refers to the bilingual education using mandarin, Chinese character, Bai language, and Bai phonetic character in the class. Bai-Chinese bilingual education has been carried out mostly in Xizhong Primary School and Shilong Primary School of Jianehuan County in Dali Prefecture where there is the highest population of Bai people. To carry out Bai- Chinese bilingual education, three types of teaching materials have been compiled. The practice of Bai-Chinese bilingual education and the teaching material construction have enriched the theory and subject construction of minority language and Chinese bilingual education.

  11. Foreign Direct Investment and the Survival of Domestic Private Firms in Viet Nam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kokko, Ari; Thang, Tran Toan

    2014-01-01

    significantly, while downstream FDI may reduce the hazard. The presence of SOEs has a direct negative effect on the survival odds of local private firms in the same industry, but there is also an indirect impact on the exit hazard from FDI. Local firms are more vulnerable to foreign entry in sectors with high......Foreign direct investment (FDI) may benefit local firms in the host country through various kinds of spillovers, but it may also raise competition and result in the crowding out of domestic firms. Using detailed firm-level data for the period 2001–2008, this paper examines the aggregate effect...... of FDI on the survival of domestic private firms in Viet Nam. We estimate the impact of both horizontal and vertical FDI and explore how the presence of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) influences the exit hazard for private firms. The results suggest that horizontal and upstream FDI raise the exit hazard...

  12. Validity of the BPRS, the BDI and the BAI in dual diagnosis patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hesse, M.; Austin, S.F.; Oestrich, I.;

    2008-01-01

    diagnosis treatment unit. METHODS: Subjects were assessed at baseline. At discharge on average 6 months post-intake, 78% of patients were re-assessed using the same instruments. All instruments were tested in (1) their ability to discriminate patients with different diagnoses at baseline and follow-up using...... with and without schizophrenia spectrum diagnoses, and the BDI was able to discriminate between patients with and without mood disorders and schizoaffective disorders at intake to treatment, and each instrument was significantly better than the other at discriminating relevant diagnostic groups....... Discriminant correlations between the BDI and the BAI were high and statistically significant. Moderator regression analyses showed no indication that any of the scales were less stable at higher levels of thought disorder. CONCLUSIONS: It is concluded that dual diagnosis patients can be reliably assessed for...

  13. 白居易与道教%BAI JUYI AND TAOISM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗萍

    2001-01-01

    Taoism had a far- reaching influence on Bai Juyi. Once he was an enthusiastic and persevering follower of Taoism, making and taking pills of immorality in order to attain the way. He incorporated this religious belief and common life into“self- perfection”, and consoled the intellectuals who were frustrated in the harsh reality. At the same time,Bai Juyi was still greatly influenced by Confucianism, in which the rationality let him free from the crazy state of religion and soberly think over the value of life. This made him have contradictary ideas, opinions and actions about Taoism. And all the traditional Chinese intellectuals shared the same contradiction.%道教思想对白居易的影响可谓深远,白居易曾热情、执着地信奉道教,为得道成仙炼丹服食。他将这种宗教观念同世俗生活统一在“独善”观念中,带给在严酷现实中失意的文人一种安慰。同时白居易也深受儒学之影响,强烈的理性精神又使他能够从宗教的迷狂状态中解脱出来,冷静思考人的生命价值问题,从而产生对道教前后矛盾的言行和思想,而这种矛盾也是传统的中国知识分子所共有的。

  14. Collision-induced basalt eruptions at Pleiku and Buôn Mê Thuột, south-central Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoàng, Nguyễn; Flower, Martin F. J.; Chí, Cung Thu'ọ'ng; Xuân, Phạm Tích; Quý, Hoàng Văn; Sơn, Trần Thanh

    2013-09-01

    Neogene-Quaternary basalts occur as dispersed volcanic clusters in the vicinity of the Tethyan tectonic belt, possibly representing 'far-field' effects of the Early Tertiary collisions of Gondwana fragments with the southern margin of Eurasia. In Indochina, such a 'Diffuse Igneous Province' post-dates the 45-42 Ma 'hard' India-Asia collision and southeastward, collision induced (c. 30-17 Ma.), extrusion of Indochina. Extrusion was accommodated by left-lateral strike-slip shearing on the Ailao Shan-Red River Fault, coeval with seafloor spreading in the East Viet Nam (South China) Sea. The Indochina basalts mostly comprise shield-building tholeiites capped by small-volume undersaturated types, the latter often bearing mantle xenoliths and 'exotic' xenocrysts such as sapphire, zircon. They appeared at c. 17 Ma, more-or-less coinciding with the cessation of both continental extrusion and seafloor spreading. At this point extensional stress appears to have shifted westwards to continental Indochina, with magmatic activity appearing, characteristically, at 'pull-apart' basins. However, the relationship of mantle melting beneath this region to its geodynamic setting is controversial, being variously attributed to mantle plumes, extreme lithospheric stretching, and lateral asthenospheric displacement. There is little or no definitive evidence for regional mantle upwelling while lithosphere stretching alone appears to be insufficient to allow for melting, Here, we present geochemical and Sr, Nd, and Pb isotopic (and paleomagnetic data), for cored sections from the Pleiku and Buon Mê Thuột plateaus in south-central Viet Nam, representative in most respects of the Indochina province as a whole. In the Pleiku shield olivine tholeiite flows are intercalated with quartz tholeiites while, in contrast, alkali basalts predominate over olivine tholeiite in the Buon Mê Thuột (BMT) shield. The first of these features (in Pleiku) probably reflects crustal wall-rock reaction while

  15. Polymorphism of Plasmodium falciparum Na+/H+ exchanger is indicative of a low in vitro quinine susceptibility in isolates from Viet Nam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thanh Nguyen

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Plasmodium falciparum NA+/H+ exchanger (pfnhe1, gene PF13_0019 has recently been proposed to influence quinine (QN susceptibility. However, its contribution to QN resistance seems to vary geographically depending on the genetic background of the parasites. Here, the role of this gene was investigated in in vitro QN susceptibility of isolates from Viet Nam. Method Ninety-eight isolates were obtained from three different regions of the Binh Phuoc and Dak Nong bordering Cambodia provinces during 2006-2008. Among these, 79 were identified as monoclonal infection and were genotyped at the microsatellite pfnhe1 ms4760 locus and in vitro QN sensitivity data were obtained for 51 isolates. Parasite growth was assessed in the field using the HRP2 immunodetection assay. Results Significant associations were found between polymorphisms at pfnhe1 microsatellite ms4760 and susceptibility to QN. Isolates with two or more DNNND exhibited much lower susceptibility to QN than those harbouring zero or one DNNND repeats (median IC50 of 682 nM versus median IC50 of 300 nM; p = 0.0146 while isolates with one NHNDNHNNDDD repeat presented significantly reduced QN susceptibility than those who had two (median IC50 of 704 nM versus median IC50 of 375 nM; p pfcrt76T and wild-type pfmdr1 (> 95% thus preventing analysis of associations with these mutations. Interestingly, area with the highest median QN IC50 showed also the highest percentage of isolates carrying the pfnhe1 haplotype 7. Conclusions The haplotype 7 which is the typical Asian profile is likely well-adapted to high drug pressure in this area and may constitute a good genetic marker to evaluate the dissemination of QNR in this part of the world.

  16. Seasonal variability of faecal indicator bacteria numbers and die-off rates in the Red River basin, North Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Huong Thi Mai; Le, Quynh Thi Phuong; Garnier, J; Janeau, J-L; Rochelle-Newall, E

    2016-01-01

    The Red River is the second largest river in Viet Nam and constitutes the main water source for a large percentage of the population of North Viet Nam. Here we present the results of an annual survey of Escherichia coli (EC) and Total Coliforms (TC) in the Red River basin, North Viet Nam. The objective of this work was to obtain information on faecal indicator bacteria (FIB) numbers over an annual cycle and, secondly, to determine the die-off rates of these bacterial indicators. Monthly observations at 10 stations from July 2013-June 2014 showed that TC and EC reached as high as 39100 cfu (colony forming units) 100 ml(-1) and 15300 colonies 100 ml(-1), respectively. We observed a significant seasonal difference for TC (p die-off rates ranged from 0.01 d(-1) to a maximum of 1.13 d(-1) for EC and from 0.17 d(-1) to 1.33 d(-1) for TC. Die-off rates were significantly higher for free bacteria than for total (free + particle attached) bacteria, suggesting that particle attachment provided a certain level of protection to FIB in this system.

  17. 白语近十年研究述评%Research Review of the Bai Language in Recent Decade

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张藩雄

    2012-01-01

    白语的本体研究主要集中于白语的系属、语音、词汇、语法、方言、文字等几个方面,通过对国内白语近十年的本体研究作一简单的评述并从中总结过去的经验及不足,从而揭示白语的研究动态和趋势。这对今后白语的研究将会有所帮助。%The ontological study of Bai language mainly centers on its system, speech, vocabulary, grammar, dialect and written words. The paper, which summarizes domestic ontological studies of Bai language over the decade and reveals its research trend, will be helpful to the future research of the language.

  18. 有关白居易故居的几个问题%Some Problems of Bai Juyi's Home

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王岩

    2004-01-01

    In 1992--1993, a large-scale survey and excavation were carried out on the site of Bai Juyi's home. The work resulted in the determination of the location of this building complex and thelayout of its living area and garden. The Liidaofang Block where the poet's home was situated lay east of the Shiziqiao Bridge, south of the Luoshui River and north of the Yishui River. The living area consisted of a front compound and a rear one. The most distinct feature of Bai's mansion was the full utilization of water resources by leading the water of the Yishui River into the garden. The unearthed objects reflect the poet's interest in poem-composition, drinking and tea sipping, as well as his belief in Buddhism. Theresidence was made into the Buddhist Puming Temple, also called Dazisiyuan Temple-garden, in AD 924 and destroyed presumably at the turn from the Ming to the Qing period.

  19. Bay-annulated indigo (BAI) as an excellent electron accepting building block for high performance organic semiconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Yi; He, Bo; Pun, Andrew

    2016-04-19

    A novel electron acceptor based on bay-annulated indigo (BAI) was synthesized and used for the preparation of a series of high performance donor-acceptor small molecules and polymers. The resulting materials possess low-lying LUMO energy level and small HOMO-LUMO gaps, while their films exhibited high crystallinity upon thermal treatment, commensurate with high field effect mobilities and ambipolar transfer characteristics.

  20. Collaborative activities and treatment outcomes in patients with HIV-associated tuberculosis in Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huyen, T T T; Nhung, N V; Shewade, H D; Hoa, N B; Harries, A D

    2016-03-21

    Contexte : Le programme national tuberculose (TB) au Viet Nam et à Ho Chi Minh ville (HCMC).Objectifs : Déterminer 1) au niveau national entre 2011 et 2013, la relation entre le test pour le virus de l'immunodéficience humaine (VIH), l'utilisation des interventions TB-VIH et les mauvais résultats du traitement de la TB parmi les patients TB-VIH, et 2) à HCMC en 2013, les caractéristiques des patients associées à un mauvais résultat.Schéma : Une étude écologique revoyant les données nationales agrégées et une étude de cohorte rétrospective dans HCMC.Résultats : Au niveau national, le test VIH est passé de 58% à 68% chez les patients tuberculeux et le traitement antirétroviral (ART) est passé chez les patients TB-VIH de 54% à 63% entre 2011 et 2013. Les mauvais résultats du traitement chez les patients TB-VIH ont augmenté de 24% à 27%, largement à cause des transferts (de 5% à 9%) et des décès. Les régions du Nord et des Highlands ont montré une faible utilisation des interventions TB-VIH. A HCMC, 303 (27%) patients TB-VIH sur 1110 ont eu un mauvais résultat avec un risque plus élevé observé parmi ceux qui avaient déjà eu un traitement de TB, ceux dont le diagnostic de VIH précédait l'apparition de la TB et ceux qui n'avaient jamais bénéficié du traitement par cotrimoxazole et de l'ART.Conclusion : En dépit de meilleurs taux de tests VIH et d'interventions TB-VIH, près de 26% des patients TB-VIH ont de mauvais résultats du traitement de la TB. Les facteurs de prédiction d'un risque plus élevé de mauvais résultats doivent être pris en compte si le Viet Nam souhaite mettre fin à l'épidémie de TB d'ici 2030.

  1. Sound-mixing Mutations in Bai Language of Zhao Zhuang%赵庄白语的合音音变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      赵庄白语属白语南部方言大理土语。在语流中,有些音节由于受到前后其他音节的影响而产生合音音变。赵庄白语的合音音变有合音变调、合音变韵两种形式。当表示语法意义的虚词位于动词、量词等意义更为实在的词类后面时,发生合音变调;当后一音节比前一音节意义更实在时,常发生合音变韵。%Bai language of Zhao Zhuang Language is a southern dialect of Bai. Due to the influence of the syllables before and after, sound-mixing mutations often appears. There are two sound-mixing mutations in Bai language of Zhao Zhuang:tone mutations and final sound mutations. The tone changes when a empty word that expresses grammatical meanings is put before a notional word like verb and qualifier. The final sound changes in the opposite situation.

  2. Supervisors and accomplices: extra-marital sex among migrant construction workers in Ha Noi, Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thuy, Bui Thi Thanh; Kretchmar, Joshua

    2008-06-01

    This study examines the influence of social networks on the sexual relations of migrant construction workers in Ha Noi, Viet Nam. Research included observation and interviews with members of two different groups of workers. The first group, together with their employer (cai), came from the same village; the second group came from different villages. Of interest in the present study was how social relationships among workers and their employers influence extra-marital sexual activity. In the group where workers and their cai came from the same village of origin, fear of acquiring a bad reputation made these workers reluctant to seek sex services, since accounts of their behaviour were transmitted quickly home. In contrast, workers from the group who came from different villages often went out together to purchase sex. The absence of direct links to their villages of origin made it easier for these latter workers to conceal their activity. The implication of these findings for sexual safety and risk are discussed.

  3. Relative Importance of Different Attributes of Graphic Health Warnings on Tobacco Packages in Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giang, Kim Bao; Chung, Le Hong; Minh, Hoang Van; Kien, Vu Duy; Giap, Vu Van; Hinh, Nguyen Duc; Cuong, Nguyen Manh; Manh, Pham Duc; Duc, Ha Anh; Yang, Jui-Chen

    2016-01-01

    Graphic health warnings (GHW) on tobacco packages have proven to be effective in increasing quit attempts among smokers and reducing initial smoking among adolescents. This research aimed to examine the relative importance of different attributes of graphic health warnings on tobacco packages in Viet Nam. A discrete choice experimental (DCE) design was applied with a conditional logit model. In addition, a ranking method was used to list from the least to the most dreadful GHW labels. With the results from DCE model, graphic type was shown to be the most important attribute, followed by cost and coverage area of GHW. The least important attribute was position of the GHW. Among 5 graphic types (internal lung cancer image, external damaged teeth, abstract image, human suffering image and text), the image of lung cancer was found to have the strongest influence on both smokers and non-smokers. With ranking method, the image of throat cancer and heart diseases were considered the most dreadful images. GHWs should be designed with these attributes in mind, to maximise influence on purchase among both smokers and non-smokers.

  4. Relative Importance of Different Attributes of Graphic Health Warnings on Tobacco Packages in Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giang, Kim Bao; Chung, Le Hong; Minh, Hoang Van; Kien, Vu Duy; Giap, Vu Van; Hinh, Nguyen Duc; Cuong, Nguyen Manh; Manh, Pham Duc; Duc, Ha Anh; Yang, Jui-Chen

    2016-01-01

    Graphic health warnings (GHW) on tobacco packages have proven to be effective in increasing quit attempts among smokers and reducing initial smoking among adolescents. This research aimed to examine the relative importance of different attributes of graphic health warnings on tobacco packages in Viet Nam. A discrete choice experimental (DCE) design was applied with a conditional logit model. In addition, a ranking method was used to list from the least to the most dreadful GHW labels. With the results from DCE model, graphic type was shown to be the most important attribute, followed by cost and coverage area of GHW. The least important attribute was position of the GHW. Among 5 graphic types (internal lung cancer image, external damaged teeth, abstract image, human suffering image and text), the image of lung cancer was found to have the strongest influence on both smokers and non-smokers. With ranking method, the image of throat cancer and heart diseases were considered the most dreadful images. GHWs should be designed with these attributes in mind, to maximise influence on purchase among both smokers and non-smokers. PMID:27087187

  5. 论李白的艳诗创作%On Creation of Li Bai's Erotic Poems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡冰清

    2015-01-01

    李白一生作有艳诗百余首,超过其诗总数的十分之一,内容多涉女性,主艳情,在诗歌题材、体式、创作风格、艺术特色上都有自己的特点,对此予以揭示和论析,有助于认识李白的诗歌创作的丰富性和多样性,增进对李白诗歌思想内容和艺术特色的认识。%Li Bai has created nearly one hundred erotic poems through his lifetime,more than one - tenth of the total number of his poetry. This type of poem,with Li's unique characteristics on subject,genre,style of creation and artistic feature,is erotic in nature and refers to women for most of times. It will be very helpful,through analy-zing and revealing Li's poems,to figure out the diversity and the richness of his poetic creation,and to further un-derstand the ideological contents and the artistic characteristics of his poetry.

  6. SURMAT : decision support tool to select municipal solid waste treatment technologies : case study in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam

    OpenAIRE

    Thi, Le, K.O.

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to enable taking more sustainable and cost-effective decisions on MSW management in developing cities. For this purpose, a tool named SURMAT was developed and applied using data of Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam (chapter 6). In order to prepare the tool for modeling of the MSW management in Ho Chi Minh City, an analysis of the current MSW management system (chapter 2), a selection of technologies (chapter 3, 4) and a costs analysis of the selected technologies (chapter 5...

  7. Genetic association analysis of the adiponectin polymorphisms in type 2 diabetes of Bai nationality at Dali area%大理白族2型糖尿病与脂联素基因多态性相关性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康庄; 苏恒; 张云; 虞艳芳; 欧杨; 薛元明; 赵惠珠

    2013-01-01

    目的:检测云南省大理白族脂联素基因启动子单核苷酸多态性(SNP)与2型糖尿病的相关性。方法采用聚合酶链反应直接测序法在300例无血缘关系的云南省大理白族人群(健康者120例,2型糖尿病患者180例)中检测 SNPs +45、+276的基因型,分析以上2个多态性位点与2型糖尿病的相关性。结果 SNP +45位点在健康者和2型糖尿病患者具有明显差异,SNP +276在两组差异无统计学意义。连锁不平衡分析显示,健康组和病例组间 SNPs +45、+276存在一定差异。结论大理白族人群脂联素基因上 SNP +45G 与2型糖尿病的发生存在关联;SNP +45G 是2型糖尿病发生的一项危险因素。%Objective Adiponectin gene is associated with BMI ,insulin sensitivity and diabetes .To detect the impact of adiponectin gene promoter single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) on type Ⅱ diabetes in Bai nationality of Yunnan province .Methods We detected adiponectin gene + 276G/T and + 45T /G with PCR- direct sequencing in 300 cases of unrelated people which contain healthy control subjects (n= 120) and type 2 diabetic patients(n= 180) in Bai nationality of Yunnan province ,then analyzed their relationship with type 2 diabetes .Results SNP + 45(G/T ) showed significant difference of allele frequencies between type 2 diabetic group and the control group(P= 0 .013) . Not statistically significant difference was found at adiponectin gene polymorphisms + 276G/T in this study .Linkage disequilibrium(LD) of + 276G/T and + 45T /G between cases and controls showed significant differences .Conclusion The present study provides evidence that SNP + 45G in exon 2 region of the adiponectin gene contributes to the de-velopment of type 2 diabetes in Bai nationality of Yunnan province .

  8. Immunological and viral determinants of dengue severity in hospitalized adults in Ha Noi, Viet Nam.

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    Annette Fox

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The relationships between the infecting dengue serotype, primary and secondary infection, viremia and dengue severity remain unclear. This cross-sectional study examined these interactions in adult patients hospitalized with dengue in Ha Noi. METHODS AND FINDINGS: 158 patients were enrolled between September 16 and November 11, 2008. Quantitative RT-PCR, serology and NS1 detection were used to confirm dengue infection, determine the serotype and plasma viral RNA concentration, and categorize infections as primary or secondary. 130 (82% were laboratory confirmed. Serology was consistent with primary and secondary infection in 34% and 61%, respectively. The infecting serotype was DENV-1 in 42 (32%, DENV-2 in 39 (30% and unknown in 49 (38%. Secondary infection was more common in DENV-2 infections (79% compared to DENV-1 (36%, p<0.001. The proportion that developed dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF was 32% for secondary infection compared to 18% for primary infection (p = 0.14, and 26% for DENV-1 compared to 28% for DENV-2. The time until NS1 and plasma viral RNA were undetectable was shorter for DENV-2 compared to DENV-1 (p≤0.001 and plasma viral RNA concentration on day 5 was higher for DENV-1 (p = 0.03. Plasma viral RNA concentration was higher in secondary infection on day 5 of illness (p = 0.046. We didn't find an association between plasma viral RNA concentration and clinical severity. CONCLUSION: Dengue is emerging as a major public health problem in Ha Noi. DENV-1 and DENV-2 were the prevalent serotypes with similar numbers and clinical presentation. Secondary infection may be more common amongst DENV-2 than DENV-1 infections because DENV-2 infections resulted in lower plasma viral RNA concentrations and viral RNA concentrations were higher in secondary infection. The drivers of dengue emergence in northern Viet Nam need to be elucidated and public health measures instituted.

  9. Respiratory virus laboratory pandemic planning an surveillance in central Viet Nam, 2008-2010

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    Trinh Xuan Mai

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Laboratory capacity is needed in central Viet Nam to provide early warning to public health authorities of respiratory outbreaks of importance to human health, for example the outbreak of influenza A(H1N1 pandemic in 2009. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR procedures established as part of a capacity-building process were used to conduct prospective respiratory surveillance in a region where few previous studies have been undertaken.Methods: Between October 2008 and September 2010, nose and throat swabs from adults and children (approximately 20 per week presenting with an acute respiratory illness to the Ninh Hoa General Hospital were collected. Same-day PCR testing and result reporting for 13 respiratory viruses were carried out by locally trained scientists.Results: Of 2144 surveillance samples tested, 1235 (57.6% were positive for at least one virus. The most common were influenza A strains (17.9%, with pandemic influenza A(H1N1 2009 and seasonal H3N2 strain accounting for 52% and 43% of these, respectively. Other virus detections included: rhinovirus (12.4%, enterovirus (8.9%, influenza B (8.3%, adenovirus (5.3%, parainfluenza (4.7%, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV (3.9%, human coronavirus (3.0% and human metapneumovirus (0.3%. The detection rate was greatest in the 0–5 year age group. Viral co-infections were identified in 148 (6.9% cases.Discussion: The outbreak in 2009 of the influenza A(H1N1 pandemic strain provided a practical test of the laboratory’s pandemic plan. This study shows that the availability of appropriate equipment and molecular-based testing can contribute to important individual and public health outcomes in geographical locations susceptible to emerging infections.

  10. Persisting stigma reduces the utilisation of HIV-related care and support services in Viet Nam

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    Thanh Duong Cong

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Seeking and utilisation of HIV prevention, treatment, care, and support services for people living with HIV is often hampered by HIV-related stigma. The study aimed to explore the perceptions and experiences regarding treatment, care, and support amongst people living with HIV in Viet Nam, where the HIV epidemic is concentrated among injecting drug users, sex workers, and men who have sex with men. Methods In-depth interviews and focus group discussions were conducted during September 2007 in 6 districts in Hai Phong with a very high HIV prevalence among injecting drug users. The information obtained was analysed and merged within topic areas. Illustrative quotes were selected. Results Stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV in the community and healthcare settings was commonly reported, and substantially hampered the seeking and the utilisation of HIV-related services. The informants related the high level of stigma to the way the national HIV preventive campaigns played on fear, by employing a “scare tactic” mainly focusing on drug users and sex workers, who were defined as “social evils” in the anti-drug and anti-prostitution policy. There was a strong exclusion effect caused by the stigma, with serious implications, such as loss of job opportunities and isolation. The support and care provided by family members was experienced as vital for the spirit and hope for the future among people living with HIV. Conclusions A comprehensive care and support programme is needed. The very high levels of stigma experienced seem largely to have been created by an HIV preventive scare tactic closely linked to the “social evil“ approach in the national policy on drug and prostitution. In order to reduce the stigma and create more effective interventions, this tactic will have to be replaced with approaches that create better legal and policy environments for drug users and sex workers.

  11. Study on the xenia effect and indistinctly comprehensive evaluation of pollination combinations in Jinhua DaBai peach%金华大白桃花粉直感研究及授粉组合模糊综合评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈建生; 滕元文; 陈一帆; 王华新; 林贤锐

    2011-01-01

    To evaluate the xenia effect for improving the quality of peach cultivar Jinhua DaBai peach in Jinhua area in Zhejiang province,sixteen peach cultivars were used as paternal pollinators and Jinhua DaBai peach as the only maternal parent,with one of the paternal pollinators Daguan 1 and Jinhua DaBai peach combination as control.The results indicated that the fruit setting rate were 25% to 68.6% for combinations with xenia effect and four Pollinator-Jinhua DaBai peach combinations had higher rate of fruit setting than the control.Xenia did not show a significant impact on the single fruit weight compared to the control,but had an important influence on the grade of fruit size,and the rate of high grade fruits of Jinhua DaBai peach was greatly increased when using certain cultivars as pollinators,such as Jinshan Zaohong,Yanguang.Fruit appearance was not affected evidently by xenia,e.g.fruit shape index and fruit coloration.But fruit soluble solid content and firmness were affected obviously,of which pollination treatment with Jinshan Zaohong and Yanguang were better.Pollinators had no great effect on the fruit edible rate,but had a little effect on the fruit split-pit.Comprehensive evaluation of sixteen 'Pollinator-Jinhua DaBai peach' combinations were indistinctly calculated by the Grey Incidence Analysis.'Yanguang-Jinhua DaBai peach' was chosen as the best pollination combination which had total score of 0.61 in this study,followed by Jinshanzaohong-Jinhua DaBai peach the second one,and Chunxue-Jinhua DaBai peach and Zaolupan-Jinhua DaBai peach the third ones.All of these four combinations were performed better than the control.%以大观1号作对照,选取16个有花粉品种为父本开展金华大白桃花粉直感效应研究。花粉直感后金华大白桃坐果率在25%~68.6%,早露蟠等4个品种授粉处理坐果率高于对照。与对照相比,花粉直感对金华大白桃果实可溶性固形物含量、果实硬度有显著影响,其中金

  12. Experience of YE Bai on using ancient prescriptions%叶柏运用古方经验举隅

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯茜

    2013-01-01

    叶柏教授是全国优秀中医人才,师从全国名老中医、首届国医大师徐景藩教授,从事消化科临床、教学、科研工作30余年,有着丰富的临床经验和精湛的中医造诣,善于挖掘古人之学术思想,从中总结经验,以指导临床实践.文章主要通过典型病例,介绍叶柏教授运用古方化肝煎、茵陈四苓散合二金汤、清胃散合导赤散治疗内科病症的经验,以期有助于读者.%Professor YE Bai is outstanding talents of Chinese Medicine, and is taught by the famous doctor of TCM, the first Chinese medicine master professor XU Jing-fan, engaging in clinical, teaching and scientific effort of digestive field for more than 30 years. He has extensive clinical experience and exquisite traditional Chinese attainments. Professor YE Bai is good at unearthing the academic thoughts of ancient and summing up the experiences to instruct the clinical treatment. This article mainly introduces the experience of professor YE Bai, who use ancient prescriptions such as Huagan Jian, Yinchen Siling Powder and Erjin Decoction, Qingwei Powder and Daochi Powder to treat diseases of internal medicine, in order to provide an important reference for the readers.

  13. Gauging the Acceptability of HIV Vaccines: An Exploratory Study Examining Knowledge, Attitudes, and Beliefs among Injecting Drug Users in Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, France

    2007-01-01

    In contrast to other countries in Southeast Asia, the HIV/ AIDS epidemic is in the initial stages in Viet Nam, although the rates have increased notably since 1997. This study examined attitudes towards the use of an HIV vaccine (when one becomes available) as a means for preventing the disease. Since injecting drug users are the great majority of…

  14. Aetiologies of central nervous system infection in Viet Nam: a prospective provincial hospital-based descriptive surveillance study.

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    Nghia Ho Dang Trung

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Infectious diseases of the central nervous system (CNS remain common and life-threatening, especially in developing countries. Knowledge of the aetiological agents responsible for these infections is essential to guide empiric therapy and develop a rational public health policy. To date most data has come from patients admitted to tertiary referral hospitals in Asia and there is limited aetiological data at the provincial hospital level where most patients are seen. METHODS: We conducted a prospective Provincial Hospital-based descriptive surveillance study in adults and children at thirteen hospitals in central and southern Viet Nam between August 2007-April 2010. The pathogens of CNS infection were confirmed in CSF and blood samples by using classical microbiology, molecular diagnostics and serology. RESULTS: We recruited 1241 patients with clinically suspected infection of the CNS. An aetiological agent was identified in 640/1241 (52% of the patients. The most common pathogens were Streptococcus suis serotype 2 in patients older than 14 years of age (147/617, 24% and Japanese encephalitis virus in patients less than 14 years old (142/624, 23%. Mycobacterium tuberculosis was confirmed in 34/617 (6% adult patients and 11/624 (2% paediatric patients. The acute case fatality rate (CFR during hospital admission was 73/617 (12% in adults and to 42/624 (7% in children. CONCLUSIONS: Zoonotic bacterial and viral pathogens are the most common causes of CNS infection in adults and children in Viet Nam.

  15. Supply- and Demand-Side Factors Influencing Utilization of Infant and Young Child Feeding Counselling Services in Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Phuong H; Kim, Sunny S; Nguyen, Tuan T; Tran, Lan M; Hajeebhoy, Nemat; Frongillo, Edward A; Ruel, Marie T; Rawat, Rahul; Menon, Purnima

    2016-01-01

    Adequate utilization of services is critical to maximize the impact of counselling on infant and young child feeding (IYCF), but little is known about factors affecting utilization. Our study examined supply- and demand-side factors associated with the utilization of IYCF counselling services in Viet Nam. We used survey data from mothers with children Higher maternal education was associated with higher utilization both for one-time and repeated use. Being a farmer, belonging to an ethnic minority, and having a wasted child were associated with greater likelihood of achieving the minimum recommended number of visits, whereas child stunting or illness were not. Distance to health center was a barrier to repeated visits. Among supply-side factors, good counselling skills (PR: 1.3-1.8) was the most important factor associated with any service use, whereas longer employment duration and greater work pressure of health center staff were associated with lower utilization. Population attributable risk estimations showed that an additional 25% of the population would have achieved the minimum number of visits if exposed to three demand-generation strategies, and further increased to 49% if the health staff had good counseling skills and low work pressure. Our study provides evidence that demand-generation strategies are essential to increase utilization of facility-based IYCF counselling services in Viet Nam, and may be relevant for increasing and sustaining use of nutrition services in similar contexts.

  16. On the Reason of Early Flourished Song Dynasty Bai-ti Poetry%宋初白体诗盛行原因探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪国林

    2014-01-01

    宋初白体诗盛行的原因主要有以下几个方面:一、宋初统治者推行右文国策,这使宋初文化生态得以迅速改善;二、晚唐五代宗白诗风的巨大惯性,这为白体诗首兴提供历史渊源;三、宋初统治者有意提倡,这是重要推手;四、白体诗自身特质与白体诗人的人格、学识与身份意识,它是白体诗兴盛内在因素。这些因素在宋初一时具备,促使宋初白体诗首度兴盛起来,并在继承中推动宋诗的发展。%The early Song Dynasty, the first flourished was Bai-ti poetry, the Poet is very wide range. There are even saying"Poets are learning Bai le-tian poem."The main reason for its first flourished in the fol⁃lowing areas:First, the early Song dynasty rulers take the Emphasis on cultural policy to make the early Song dynasty cultural ecology text to quickly improve its external environment provides flourished; The second is the enormous inertia of Late Tang Five- dynasty Zong-bai poetry, and which provides historical origin of Bai-ti poetry flourished;Third, the early Song dynasty rulers deliberately encouraged, it is important to push the hand;Four,the Bai-ti poetry itself unique traits and the Bai-ti 's poetry, knowledge and sense of identity, it is the Bai-ti poetry flourished internal factors. These factors have prompted a moment in the early Song dy⁃nasty and made the Bai-ti poetry for the first time flourished, and promote the development of Song poetry in succession.

  17. Juxtaposed Compounds of Bai language in Dali%大理白语的并列复合词

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵燕珍

    2012-01-01

    This paper investigates juxtaposed compounds of Bai language in Dali from aspects of structure types and morpheme orders. Trough analysis,it comes to a conclusion that on the premise of meeting semantic principle, the morpheme orders of the juxtaposed compounds of Bai language in Dali were mainly restricted by the pitches;when the pitches of two morphemes are the same,the orders are juxtaposed according to the position of the tongue or logical relationship of the main vowels.%文章从结构类型和词素顺序两方面对大理白语中的并列结构复合词进行考察,通过分析总结得出:在满足语义原则的前提下,大理白语并列复合词的词素顺序主要受音高制约,当前后两个词素音高相同时则按主要元音的舌位或逻辑关系并列。

  18. Primary drug-resistant tuberculosis in Hanoi, Viet Nam: present status and risk factors.

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    Nguyen Thi Le Hang

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB to anti-tuberculosis (TB drugs presents a serious challenge to TB control worldwide. We investigated the status of drug resistance, including multidrug-resistant (MDR TB, and possible risk factors among newly diagnosed TB patients in Hanoi, the capital of Viet Nam. METHODS: Clinical and epidemiological information was collected from 506 newly diagnosed patients with sputum smear- and culture-positive TB, and 489 (96.6% MTB isolates were subjected to conventional drug susceptibility testing, spoligotyping, and 15-locus variable numbers of tandem repeats typing. Adjusted odds ratios (aORs were calculated to analyze the risk factors for primary drug resistance. RESULTS: Of 489 isolates, 298 (60.9% were sensitive to all drugs tested. Resistance to isoniazid, rifampicin, streptomycin, ethambutol, and MDR accounted for 28.2%, 4.9%, 28.2%, 2.9%, and 4.5%, respectively. Of 24 isolates with rifampicin resistance, 22 (91.7% were MDR and also resistant to streptomycin, except one case. Factors associated with isoniazid resistance included living in old urban areas, presence of the Beijing genotype, and clustered strains [aOR = 2.23, 95% confidence interval (CI 1.15-4.35; 1.91, 1.18-3.10; and 1.69, 1.06-2.69, respectively. The Beijing genotype was also associated with streptomycin resistance (aOR = 2.10, 95% CI 1.29-3.40. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV coinfection was associated with rifampicin resistance and MDR (aOR = 5.42, 95% CI 2.07-14.14; 6.23, 2.34-16.58, respectively. CONCLUSION: Isoniazid and streptomycin resistance was observed in more than a quarter of TB patients without treatment history in Hanoi. Transmission of isoniazid-resistant TB among younger people should be carefully monitored in urban areas, where Beijing strains and HIV coinfection are prevalent. Choosing an optimal treatment regimen on the basis of the results of drug susceptibility tests and monitoring of treatment

  19. High incidence of nasopharyngeal cancer: similarity for 60% of mitochondrial DNA signatures between the Bidayuhs of Borneo and the Bai-yue of Southern China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Joseph Wee; Tam Cam Ha; Susan Loong; Chao-Nan Qian

    2012-01-01

    Populations in Southern China (Bai-yue) and Borneo (Bidayuh) with high incidence of nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) share similar mitochondrial DNA signatures,supporting the hypothesis that these two populations may share the same genetic predisposition for NPC,which may have first appeared in a common ancestral reference population before the sea levels rose after the last ice age.

  20. Ethnic Psychological Features Reflected in the Tetra-syllabic Words of Bai Language%从白语四音格词看民族心理特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李一峰

    2014-01-01

    There are numerous tetra-syllabic words in Bai language. The words do not only exhibit the socio-cultural features of Bai people,but also play a non-negligible role in reflecting the ethnic psychological features. The tetra-syllabic words of Bai language, with their special word formation,incorporating abundant ethnic emotional appeal into the morphemes in the process of lexicalization, could reflect the unique psychological features of Bai people in verbal communication.%白语中有丰富的四音格词,它们在语言中不仅发挥着社会文化方面的功能,在反映民族心理特征方面也有着不可忽视的作用。白语四音格词因其特殊的构词方式,构词语素在意义词化过程中融入了丰富的民族情调色彩,因而在言语交际中能够体现出白族人民特有的心理特征。

  1. Liver disease in Viet Nam: screening, surveillance, management and education: a 5-year plan and call to action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gish, Robert G; Bui, Tam D; Nguyen, Chuc T K; Nguyen, Duc T; Tran, Huy V; Tran, Diem M T; Trinh, Huy N

    2012-02-01

    Despite a high prevalence of liver disease in Viet Nam, there has been no nationwide approach to the disease and no systematic screening of at-risk individuals. Risk factors include chronic hepatitis B (estimated prevalence of 12%), chronic hepatitis C (at least 2% prevalence), and heavy consumption of alcohol among men. This combination of factors has resulted in liver cancer being the most common cause of cancer death in Viet Nam. There is a general lack of understanding by both the general public and health-care providers about the major risk to health that liver disease represents. We report here the initial steps taken as part of a comprehensive approach to liver disease that will ultimately include nationwide education for health-care providers, health educators, and the public; expansion of nationwide screening for hepatitis B and C followed by hepatitis B virus vaccination or treatment of chronic hepatitis B and/or hepatitis C; education about alcoholic liver disease; long-term surveillance for liver cancer; reduction of infection transmission related to medical, commercial, and personal re-use of contaminated needles, syringes, sharp instruments, razors, and inadequately sterilized medical equipment; and ongoing collection and analysis of data about the prevalence of all forms of liver disease and the results of the expanded screening, vaccination, and treatment programs. We report the beginning results of our pilot hepatitis B screening program. We believe that this comprehensive nationwide approach could substantially reduce the morbidity and mortality from liver disease and greatly lessen the burden in terms of both lives lost and health-care costs. PMID:22098550

  2. On the Genetic Position of the Bai Language from Language Contact Perspective%从语言接触看白语的系属问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗自群

    2011-01-01

    It is thought that the genetic affiliation of the Bai language should be determined by its origin.Thus the Bai language should be recognized as an independent branch of Tibeto-Burman.When investigating the genetic position of languages heavily influenced by Chinese like Bai,the weight of grammatical elements should be raised.The Bai language is a typical case of language contact.Based on the facts from the Bai language,it can be found that language contact can cause the change of word order once it reaches a certain degree.Macro word orders will precede micro word orders.Among many micro word orders,some aspects change fast,while others change slowly.%白语的归属应该根据其来源来定,白语可以成为藏缅语族之下的一个独立的语支——白语支。在考察白语这种语言接触程度比较深刻、受汉语影响比较大的语言的系属关系时,应提高语法成分所占的比重。白语是研究语言接触的一个非常典型的个案,借助白语,可以发现在语言接触达到一定程度时,会引起语序的变化;大语序的变化又会领先于小语序的变化;而在众多的小语序中,有些方面变得比较快,有些方面又变得比较慢。

  3. Interaction between surface water areas and groundwater in Hanoi city, Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayashi, T.; Kuroda, K.; Do Thuan, A.; Tran Thi Viet, N.; Takizawa, S.

    2012-12-01

    Hanoi is the capital of Viet Nam and the second largest city in this country (population: 6.45 million in 2009). Hanoi city has developed along the Red River and has many lakes, ponds and canals. However, recent rapid urbanization of this city has reduced number of natural water areas such as ponds and lakes by reclamation not only in the central area but the suburban area. Canals also have been reclaimed or cut into pieces. Contrary, number of artificial water areas such as fish cultivation pond has rapidly increased. On the other hand, various kind of waste water flows into these natural and artificial water areas and induces pollution and eutrophication. These waste waters also have possibility of pollution of groundwater that is one of major water resources in this city. In addition, groundwater in this area has high concentrations of Arsenic, Fe and NH4. Thus, groundwater use may causes re-circulation of Arsenic. However, studies on the interaction between surface water areas and groundwater and on the role of surface water areas for solute transport with water cycle are a few. Therefore, we focused on these points and took water samples of river, pond and groundwater from four communities in suburban areas: two communities are located near the Red River and other two are far from the River. Also, columnar sediment samples of these ponds were taken and pore water was abstracted. Major dissolved ions, metals and stable isotopes of oxygen and hydrogen of water samples were analyzed. As for water cycle, from the correlation between δ18O and δD, the Red River water (after GNIR) were distributed along the LMWL (δD=8.2δ18O+14.1, calculated from precipitation (after GNIP)). On the other hand, although the pond waters in rainy season were distributed along the LMWL, that in dry season were distributed along the local evaporation line (LEL, slope=5.6). The LEL crossed with the LMWL at around the point of weighted mean values of precipitation in rainy season and of

  4. Roles of surface water areas for water and solute cycle in Hanoi city, Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayashi, Takeshi; Kuroda, Keisuke; Do Thuan, An; Tran Thi Viet, Nga; Takizawa, Satoshi

    2013-04-01

    Hanoi city, the capital of Viet Nam, has developed beside the Red river. Recent rapid urbanization of this city has reduced a large number of natural water areas such as lakes, ponds and canals not only in the central area but the suburban area. Contrary, the urbanization has increased artificial water areas such as pond for fish cultivation and landscaping. On the other hand, the urbanization has induced the inflow of waste water from households and various kinds of factories to these water areas because of delay of sewerage system development. Inflow of the waste water has induced eutrophication and pollution of these water areas. Also, there is a possibility of groundwater pollution by infiltration of polluted surface water. However, the role of these water areas for water cycle and solute transport is not clarified. Therefore, this study focuses on the interaction between surface water areas and groundwater in Hanoi city to evaluate appropriate land development and groundwater resource management. We are carrying out three approaches: a) understanding of geochemical characteristics of surface water and groundwater, b) monitoring of water levels of pond and groundwater, c) sampling of soil and pond sediment. Correlation between d18O and dD of precipitation (after GNIP), the Red River (after GNIR) and the water samples of this study showed that the groundwater is composed of precipitation, the Red River and surface water that has evaporation process. Contribution of the surface water with evaporation process was widely found in the study area. As for groundwater monitoring, the Holocene aquifers at two sites were in unconfined condition in dry season and the groundwater levels in the aquifer continued to increase through rainy season. The results of isotopic analysis and groundwater level monitoring showed that the surface water areas are one of the major groundwater sources. On the other hand, concentrations of dissolved Arsenic (filtered by 0.45um) in the pore

  5. 谈白居易的狎妓生活%Bai Juyi's Indulgence in Dallying with Prostitutes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦尤杰

    2012-01-01

    狎妓是白居易生活的一个重要组成部分,是白居易喜欢和人谈论的话题之一,“妓”给白居易肉体享受,又是白居易情感的寄托,欣赏妓女之美也是白居易狎妓生活的主要内容。%Dallying with prostitutes was an important part of Bai Juyi' s life, and one of the hot topics he liked to discuss with others. "Prostitutes" gave him physical enjoyment and was his emotional sustenance. Appreciating the beauty of them was also the core of his in- dulgence in dallying with prostitutes.

  6. Force Protection Joint Experiment (FPJE) Battlefield Anti-Intrusion System (BAIS) sensors data analysis and filtering metrics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barngrover, C. M.; Laird, R. T.; Kramer, T. A.; Cruickshanks, J. R.; Cutler, S. H.

    2009-04-01

    The FPJE was an experiment to consider the best way to develop and evaluate a system of systems approach to Force Protection. It was sponsored by Physical Security Equipment Action Group (PSEAG) and Joint Program Manager - Guardian (JPM-G), and was managed by the Product Manager - Force Protection Systems (PM-FPS). The experiment was an effort to utilize existing technical solutions from all branches of the military in order to provide more efficient and effective force protection. The FPJE consisted of four separate Integration Assessments (IA), which were intended as opportunities to assess the status of integration, automation and fusion efforts, and the effectiveness of the current configuration and "system" components. The underlying goal of the FPJE was to increase integration, automation, and fusion of the many different sensors and their data to provide enhanced situational awareness and a common operational picture. One such sensor system is the Battlefield Anti-Intrusion System (BAIS), which is a system of seismic and acoustic unmanned ground sensors. These sensors were originally designed for employment by infantry soldiers at the platoon level to provide early warning of personnel and vehicle intrusion in austere environments. However, when employed around airfields and high traffic areas, the sensitivity of these sensors can cause an excessive number of detections. During the second FPJE-IA all of the BAIS detections and the locations of all Opposing Forces were logged and analyzed to determine the accuracy rate of the sensors. This analysis revealed that with minimal filtering of detections, the number of false positives and false negatives could be reduced substantially to manageable levels while using the sensors within extreme operational acoustic and seismic noise conditions that are beyond the design requirements.

  7. An Example of Coercive Fertility Reduction, as seen in the Region of the Red River Delta in Viet Nam {Population, 2, 2000)

    OpenAIRE

    C. Scornet

    2001-01-01

    Scornet Catherine.- An Example of Coercive Fertility Reduction, as seen in the Region of the Red River Delta in Viet Nam The fertility reduction policies implemented by successive Vietnamese governments since the start of the 1960s have taken account of the country's physical, economic and cultural characteristics, either to exploit or to overcome them. This article considers the Red River Delta, and shows how the mode of agricultural production (wet-rice cultivation) and the value system (an...

  8. Risk factors associated with diarrhoeal disease and diarrheagenic E.coli disease in Duc Giang Hospital, north-eastern corner of Ha Noi, Viet Nam

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    Summary Risk factors associated with diarrhoeal disease and diarrheagenic E. coli disease in Duc Giang Hospital, north-eastern corner of Ha Noi, Viet Nam Background: Diarrheagenic E. coli (DEC) disease is more prevalent in infants and children is a very important cause of sporadic diarrhoea cases and diarrhoea outbreaks in many countries. Currently, DEC also stands as a chief causal factor for diarrhoea among travellers. DEC disease is usually transmitted through food or wa...

  9. Confucian aesthetics in Bai tragedy%从儒家审美理想看白族文学中的悲剧意识

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    禹志云

    2001-01-01

    One of the Aesthetic categories of literany art is the catherisis from tragedy which also finds its way into the literature of the Bai people of China. Such a presentation demonstrates the influence of Confucion Aesthetic ldea. An inquary into the relationship of this idea and the Bai nationality traits can help us further investigate into the cultural unity of the two nationalities.%文学艺术中的悲剧意识属于审美范畴。白族文学中悲剧意识的存在表明,儒家审美理想对白族文学的影响客观存在。探讨二者的关系,可以进一步窥管到汉、白文化的融合。

  10. EFFECTS OF BU GU ZHI(PSORALEA CORYLIFOLIA L) AND BAI ZHI (DAHURIAN ANGELICA ROOT) EXTRACTS ON MELANOCYTE ADHESION AND MIGRATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ma Huiqun; Feng Jie; Zhang Xianqi; Mu Kuanhou; Liu Chao; Niu Xinwu; Dang Qianli

    2005-01-01

    Objective To find direct effect of Chinese herbs Bu Gu Zhi (Psoralea corylifolia L) and Bai Zhi (Dahurian angelica root) Extracts on melanocyte adhesion and migration in vitro. Methods Ethanol extracts obtained from two kind of Chinese medicinable herbs were tested. Human melanocytes were obtained from neonatal foreskins and 48-well culture dish covered with fibronectin were used to perform melanocyte adhesion assay; Motility was assessed using the micropore filter method. Results: The extracts of Bu Gu Zhi(Psoralea corylifolia L), Bai Zhi(Dahurian angelica root) obviously showed an effect in increasing of human melanocyte adhesion and migration on fibronectin. Conclusion It is suggested that Buguzhi(Fructus Psoraleae) and Baizhi(Radix Angelicae Dahuricae) might induce melanocyte adhesion and/or migration in the treatment of vitiligo.

  11. Supply- and Demand-Side Factors Influencing Utilization of Infant and Young Child Feeding Counselling Services in Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Phuong H; Kim, Sunny S; Nguyen, Tuan T; Tran, Lan M; Hajeebhoy, Nemat; Frongillo, Edward A; Ruel, Marie T; Rawat, Rahul; Menon, Purnima

    2016-01-01

    Adequate utilization of services is critical to maximize the impact of counselling on infant and young child feeding (IYCF), but little is known about factors affecting utilization. Our study examined supply- and demand-side factors associated with the utilization of IYCF counselling services in Viet Nam. We used survey data from mothers with children evaluation of a program that embedded IYCF counseling into the existing government health system. The frequency of never users, one-time users, repeat users, and achievers of the recommended minimum number of visits at health facilities were 45.1%, 13.0%, 28.4% and 13.5%, respectively. Poisson regression showed that demand-generation strategies, especially invitation cards, were the key factors determining one-time use (Prevalence ratio, PR 3.0, 95% CI: 2.2-4.2), repeated use (PR 3.2, 95% CI: 2.4-4.2), and achievement of minimum visits (PR 5.5, 95% CI: 3.6-8.4). Higher maternal education was associated with higher utilization both for one-time and repeated use. Being a farmer, belonging to an ethnic minority, and having a wasted child were associated with greater likelihood of achieving the minimum recommended number of visits, whereas child stunting or illness were not. Distance to health center was a barrier to repeated visits. Among supply-side factors, good counselling skills (PR: 1.3-1.8) was the most important factor associated with any service use, whereas longer employment duration and greater work pressure of health center staff were associated with lower utilization. Population attributable risk estimations showed that an additional 25% of the population would have achieved the minimum number of visits if exposed to three demand-generation strategies, and further increased to 49% if the health staff had good counseling skills and low work pressure. Our study provides evidence that demand-generation strategies are essential to increase utilization of facility-based IYCF counselling services in Viet Nam, and

  12. Supply- and Demand-Side Factors Influencing Utilization of Infant and Young Child Feeding Counselling Services in Viet Nam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phuong H Nguyen

    Full Text Available Adequate utilization of services is critical to maximize the impact of counselling on infant and young child feeding (IYCF, but little is known about factors affecting utilization. Our study examined supply- and demand-side factors associated with the utilization of IYCF counselling services in Viet Nam. We used survey data from mothers with children <2y (n = 1,008 and health staff (n = 60 from the evaluation of a program that embedded IYCF counseling into the existing government health system. The frequency of never users, one-time users, repeat users, and achievers of the recommended minimum number of visits at health facilities were 45.1%, 13.0%, 28.4% and 13.5%, respectively. Poisson regression showed that demand-generation strategies, especially invitation cards, were the key factors determining one-time use (Prevalence ratio, PR 3.0, 95% CI: 2.2-4.2, repeated use (PR 3.2, 95% CI: 2.4-4.2, and achievement of minimum visits (PR 5.5, 95% CI: 3.6-8.4. Higher maternal education was associated with higher utilization both for one-time and repeated use. Being a farmer, belonging to an ethnic minority, and having a wasted child were associated with greater likelihood of achieving the minimum recommended number of visits, whereas child stunting or illness were not. Distance to health center was a barrier to repeated visits. Among supply-side factors, good counselling skills (PR: 1.3-1.8 was the most important factor associated with any service use, whereas longer employment duration and greater work pressure of health center staff were associated with lower utilization. Population attributable risk estimations showed that an additional 25% of the population would have achieved the minimum number of visits if exposed to three demand-generation strategies, and further increased to 49% if the health staff had good counseling skills and low work pressure. Our study provides evidence that demand-generation strategies are essential to increase

  13. 论白语传承与普通话推广的共同发展%On Mutual Development of Inheriting Bai Dialect and Promoting Mandarin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱波

    2015-01-01

    Exhibiting the glamour of Bai dialect plays a significant role in protecting the dialect, promoting the local image and improving national identity. It is beneficial for the promotion communication among ethnic regions through expanding and popularizing Mandarin. The inheritance of Bai dialect and the promotion of Mandarin are closely related to each other. The cultural value of Bai dialect and Mandarin as a tool and an image of status both require us to formulate and implement bilingual language policies and making multi-channel propaganda for each other's development in line with the progress of society, economy and culture.%彰显白语的魅力,对保护民族语言、地方形象塑造和增强民族认同感都有积极的意义。推广普通话则有利于增进各民族各地区的交流。白语传承与普通话推广是互相丰富的关系。白语的文化价值和普通话的工具及身份象征功能都要求我们结合社会、经济、文化发展实际,合理制定、推行双语政策并加强宣传,促进其共同发展。

  14. On Intercourse of Yao He and Bai Juyi and Its Influence%论姚合与白居易的交往及其影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周衡

    2015-01-01

    The literary exchanges of Yao He and Bai Ju-yi is an extremely important part in Bai Ju-yi’s interaction map. Their inter-course is based on Laziness. Bai Ju-yi’s literary export promotes Yao He’s viewpoint of retiring from political life turn from conflict to satisfaction,makes his poems change from single themes to diversified ones,and makes his life style spread from single seclusion and poverty to diversified styles.%姚合与白居易的交往是姚合文学交往图谱中极为重要的组成部分。姚白交往以疏懒性情为基础,白居易的文化输出推动了姚合仕隐观念从矛盾转向圆融,促使姚合单一的诗歌题材向多元化转变,并使其“武功体”从单一的清寒苦僻向多元风格延伸。

  15. The Secreted Protein C1QL1 and Its Receptor BAI3 Control the Synaptic Connectivity of Excitatory Inputs Converging on Cerebellar Purkinje Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Séverine M. Sigoillot

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Precise patterns of connectivity are established by different types of afferents on a given target neuron, leading to well-defined and non-overlapping synaptic territories. What regulates the specific characteristics of each type of synapse, in terms of number, morphology, and subcellular localization, remains to be understood. Here, we show that the signaling pathway formed by the secreted complement C1Q-related protein C1QL1 and its receptor, the adhesion-GPCR brain angiogenesis inhibitor 3 (BAI3, controls the stereotyped pattern of connectivity established by excitatory afferents on cerebellar Purkinje cells. The BAI3 receptor modulates synaptogenesis of both parallel fiber and climbing fiber afferents. The restricted and timely expression of its ligand C1QL1 in inferior olivary neurons ensures the establishment of the proper synaptic territory for climbing fibers. Given the broad expression of C1QL and BAI proteins in the developing mouse brain, our study reveals a general mechanism contributing to the formation of a functional brain.

  16. Narrative Art of Storytelling in BAI Hua' s Novels%试论白桦小说的“讲故事”叙事艺术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶广学

    2012-01-01

    白桦小说一般采用讲故事的模式叙事,并且注重运用多线条的结构、多角度的视角,在典型环境中或借助书信等道具讲述故事,其小说创作体现出白桦强烈的结构意识与杰出的叙事才华。白桦小说具有鲜明的叙事特色,这是他积极继承传统叙事艺术,又大胆学习西方现代叙事手法,并使二者融为一体的结果。%BAI Hua generally uses the story mode narrative in his novels, and tells story from the multi - line structure, multi - angle perspective and with the aid of letters in a typical environ- ment. BAI Hua' s novel writing reflects his strong structure sense and outstanding narrative talent. His novels have the distinct narrative features, which result from BAI Hua actively carrying on the traditional narrative art, learning from modern western narrative method and combining them well.

  17. Assessing error sources for Landsat time series analysis for tropical test sites in Viet Nam and Ethiopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultz, Michael; Verbesselt, Jan; Herold, Martin; Avitabile, Valerio

    2013-10-01

    Researchers who use remotely sensed data can spend half of their total effort analysing prior data. If this data preprocessing does not match the application, this time spent on data analysis can increase considerably and can lead to inaccuracies. Despite the existence of a number of methods for pre-processing Landsat time series, each method has shortcomings, particularly for mapping forest changes under varying illumination, data availability and atmospheric conditions. Based on the requirements of mapping forest changes as defined by the United Nations (UN) Reducing Emissions from Forest Degradation and Deforestation (REDD) program, the accurate reporting of the spatio-temporal properties of these changes is necessary. We compared the impact of three fundamentally different radiometric preprocessing techniques Moderate Resolution Atmospheric TRANsmission (MODTRAN), Second Simulation of a Satellite Signal in the Solar Spectrum (6S) and simple Dark Object Subtraction (DOS) on mapping forest changes using Landsat time series data. A modification of Breaks For Additive Season and Trend (BFAST) monitor was used to jointly map the spatial and temporal agreement of forest changes at test sites in Ethiopia and Viet Nam. The suitability of the pre-processing methods for the occurring forest change drivers was assessed using recently captured Ground Truth and high resolution data (1000 points). A method for creating robust generic forest maps used for the sampling design is presented. An assessment of error sources has been performed identifying haze as a major source for time series analysis commission error.

  18. Development of Phaeocystis globosa blooms in the upwelling waters of the South Central coast of Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hai, Doan-Nhu; Lam, Nguyen-Ngoc; Dippner, Joachim W.

    2010-11-01

    Blooms of haptophyte algae in the south central coastal waters of Viet Nam often occur in association with upwelling phenomenon during the southwest (SW) monsoon. Depending on the magnitude of the blooms, damage to aquaculture farms may occur. Based on two years of data on biology, oceanography, and marine chemistry, the present study suggests a conceptual model of the growth of the haptophyte Phaeocystis globosa. At the beginning of the bloom, low temperature and abundant nutrient supply, especially nitrate from rain and upwelling, favour bloom development. Diatoms utilize available nitrate and phosphate; subsequently, higher ammonium concentration allows P. globosa to grow faster than the diatoms. At the end of the Phaeocystis bloom, free cells may become available as food for a heterotrophic dinoflagellate species, Noctiluca scintillans. During and after the phytoplankton bloom, remineralization by bacteria reduces dissolved oxygen to a very low concentration at depth, and favors growth of nitrate-reducing bacteria.A Lagrangian Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB) model, driven by a circulation model of the area, realistically simulates the transport of microalgae in surface waters during strong and weak SW monsoon periods, suggesting that it may be a good tool for early warning of HABs in Vietnamese coastal waters.

  19. Application of groundwater sustainability indicators to the Upper Pliocene aquifer in Ho Chi Minh city, Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ngo, T. M.; Lee, J.; Lee, H.; Woo, N. C.

    2013-12-01

    Groundwater plays an importance role for domestic, industrial, and agricultural uses in Ho Chi Minh city, Viet Nam. This study is objected to evaluate the sustainability of groundwater by using groundwater sustainability indicators (GWSIs) defined by UNESCO/IAEA/IAH Working Group on Groundwater Indicators at aquifer scale (the Upper Pliocene aquifer). There are four main indicators selected and one new indicator designed for the particular characteristic of Ho Chi Minh city which is under influence of by saline-water intrusion. The results indicated groundwater of the Upper Pliocene aquifer, the main groundwater supply source, is generally in the unsustainable state. The abstraction of groundwater, which was much greater than its capability, is probably causing the serious state of annual groundwater depletion and saline-water intrusion. The GWSIs, which expressed in such a simple way but scientifically-based and policy-relevant, proved its usefulness in evaluating the sustainability of groundwater at the aquifer scale in Ho Chi Minh city, and subsequently should be incorporated in water resource management practices.

  20. On the Culture of Sports Tourism in Bai Ethnic Wedding Ceremony%白族婚礼中婚庆体育文化探索研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚雪梅; 黄建芬; 和执军

    2015-01-01

    大量白族结婚礼仪活动内容在不断被外来的礼仪活动汉化并逐渐消失,但是在大理周边的边远山区的边远县城中依然完整地保留了白族许多的古老结婚仪式和习俗,其中包含了大量的民族传统体育文化,如“耳子歌”、“哩革歌”、“摆丑舞”是白族婚庆文化中颇具代表性和典型性的礼仪活动,它们以不同的规模、不同的时间出现,小到盖房、搬家的小型亲友聚会活动,大到“本主”庙会的请神活动,都以各式各样的形式表达出来,同时这些活动也是研究白族先民的婚庆体育文化和白族人民历史发展的有力依据。%A lot of Bai wedding ethnic ceremony activities are gradually Chinesized and disappeared with the influence from the foreign etiquette activities, but in the remote mountainous areas and remote counties around Dali, there still retain many of the ancient Bai wedding ceremony and customs, which contain a large number of national traditional sports culture contents, such as ethnic songs and dances, being the representative and typical rituals of Bai ethnic wedding culture. They appear in different time , with different scales, different occasions, such as houses construction, party of family, temple God worship activities,are showed with different forms. They form a strong basis for the study on the Bai ancestors wedding sports culture and the historical development of the Bai people.

  1. Specialty Analysis of Coal Handling System of Power Plant Design in Viet Nam%设计越南火力发电厂燃料输送系统的几点体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高红旗; 张杨

    2013-01-01

      文章对越南火力发电厂输煤系统特点进行分析,阐述了越南火力发电厂输煤系统的优缺点,提出了国内火力发电厂输煤系统设计值得借鉴的内容。%The characteristic of coal handling system in Viet Nam power plant is analyzed in the article, the design method of the coal handling system that is used for reference is proposed by introducing the point of coal handling system in Viet Nam power plant.

  2. Association study of clusterin polymorphism rs11136000 with late-onset Alzheimer's disease in Bai population%聚集素基因 rs11136000位点多态性与白族人群晚发型阿尔茨海默病的关联研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗红玉; 王丽霞; 刘永磊; 杨林

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore the association between clusterin(CLU) gene rs11136000 poly-morphism and late-onset Alzheimer's disease ( LOAD) in Bai population from Dali Bai Autonomous Prefec-ture of Yunnan Province.Methods A case-control study including 109 LOAD patients and 120 normal con-trols matched for age,sex and level of education was taken in Dali Bai population.Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) site testing were used to detect genotype and allele fre-quency of CLU SNP rs11136000.SPSS 17.0 was applied to analyze the data.Result ①The different fre-quency ( C:65.60%,T:34.40%,CC:38.53%,CT:54.13%,TT:7.34%) of CLU SNP rs11136000 genotypes and alleles distribution in Bai between LOAD patients and healthy controls showed no statistical significance (χ2=1.529, P=0.216;χ2=2.805, P=0.246) .②The serum total cholesterol ( TC) of LOAD patients was significantly higher than that in that of control group( t=2.508, P=0.013) .Conclusion The results suggest that CLU rs11136000 polymorphism may not be the susceptible gene of LOAD,and high serum total choles-terol is more common in LOAD patients.%目的:探讨聚集素( clusterin,CLU)基因rs11136000位点多态性与云南省大理白族自治州白族人群晚发型阿尔茨海默病( Late-onset Alzheimer's Disease,LOAD)的相关性。方法运用病例对照研究方法,在大理州白族人群中筛选LOAD患者109名作为病例组,和同期年龄、性别及文化程度相匹配的健康人120名作为对照组纳入研究。采用PCR及单核苷酸多态性( Single nucleotide polymorphism,SNP)位点检测技术测定研究对象CLU rs11136000位点的基因型及等位基因。应用SPSS 17.0软件对研究数据进行统计分析。结果①病例组与对照组CLU rs11136000位点等位基因(C、T)及基因型(CC、CT、TT)频率(C:65.60%,T:34.40%,CC:38.53%,CT:54.13%,TT:7.34%)比较,均

  3. 李白寓赣诗作及其迁谪情怀%On Li Bai's Poems When living in Jiangxi Province and His Feelings of Being Banished

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈小芒

    2004-01-01

    李白一生四上庐山,与江西的名山秀水结下了不解之缘.寓赣诗不仅形象地记载了李白诗风从飘逸走向沉郁的过程,而且集中地反映了他从文学人误为政治人的遭际的尴尬和精神的痛楚.756年的再寓赣地,致使李白经验了人生的和精神的巨大跌落,在文学上则表现为浪漫性和怨愤性的矛盾结合.李白遭受迁谪,始于江西,终于江西,因此,李白寓赣诗与其迁谪情怀是密切相联的.

  4. "A GU BAI" Coin-The Early Silver Currency of Xinjiang Province%新疆早期银通货阿古柏币

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴榕

    1984-01-01

    @@ 自十九世纪中叶,西方资本主义国家已经在觊觎中国边疆地区.在六十年代中,他们在中国的主要争夺对象之一是新疆.内中以沙俄和英国为最.英俄相互之间达成默契,内外勾结,共同扶植了阿古柏(Yakub Beg)傀儡政权.

  5. Evidence for the Convergence Model: The Emergence of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (H5N1 in Viet Nam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumeet Saksena

    Full Text Available Building on a series of ground breaking reviews that first defined and drew attention to emerging infectious diseases (EID, the 'convergence model' was proposed to explain the multifactorial causality of disease emergence. The model broadly hypothesizes disease emergence is driven by the co-incidence of genetic, physical environmental, ecological, and social factors. We developed and tested a model of the emergence of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI H5N1 based on suspected convergence factors that are mainly associated with land-use change. Building on previous geospatial statistical studies that identified natural and human risk factors associated with urbanization, we added new factors to test whether causal mechanisms and pathogenic landscapes could be more specifically identified. Our findings suggest that urbanization spatially combines risk factors to produce particular types of peri-urban landscapes with significantly higher HPAI H5N1 emergence risk. The work highlights that peri-urban areas of Viet Nam have higher levels of chicken densities, duck and geese flock size diversities, and fraction of land under rice or aquaculture than rural and urban areas. We also found that land-use diversity, a surrogate measure for potential mixing of host populations and other factors that likely influence viral transmission, significantly improves the model's predictability. Similarly, landscapes where intensive and extensive forms of poultry production overlap were found at greater risk. These results support the convergence hypothesis in general and demonstrate the potential to improve EID prevention and control by combing geospatial monitoring of these factors along with pathogen surveillance programs.

  6. 白居易舞蹈诗创作分期述论%Study on the Creation Stages of Bai Juyi’s Dancing Poems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨名

    2015-01-01

    白居易的舞蹈诗创作可分为四个时期。初入仕途时期,诗人依循儒家传统乐舞观念,创作了一批以讽喻为目的的舞蹈诗;贬谪江州之后,诗人有感于仕途的险恶,便转而关注乐舞的娱情功能;任苏杭长官时期诗人的舞蹈诗创作重点在对舞蹈的欣赏品鉴上;而在洛阳时期创作的舞蹈诗中,诗人将人生之叹融入对舞蹈的美学感悟,使其舞蹈诗具有了更高的艺术性和审美价值。%According to the content and the creation mentality of the poet, the creation of Bai Juyi’s dancing poems could be divided into four stages. In the early career of Bai Juyi, he has written many allegorical dancing poems on the basis of traditional Confucian views of music and dance. When he was relegated to Jiang Zhou, the poet realized the dangerous of the officialdom, therefore turned his attention to the entertainment function of music and dance. During his service as the prefectural governor of Hangzhou and Suzhou, the creation of Bai Juyi was focused on the dance appreciation. Finally, when he lived in Luo Yang, his dancing poems integrated the sighs of life into the insight of the musical aesthetics, thus exhibited more artistic quality and aesthetic value.

  7. BAI Changchuan'S Experience of Using Aconite and Gypsum at the Same Time%白长川附子石膏同用经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    战丽彬; 朱丽颖

    2013-01-01

    Chief physician BAI Chang-chuan is one of the instructors of academic experience of national old experts in Chinese medicine.He has engaged in clinic,teaching and research nearly 50 years,has accumulated abundant experience in clinic and teaching,and gradually forms his own academic point of view and clinical treatment characteristics.Chief physician BAI is good at using aconite and gypsum at the same time.Chief physician BAI explores the origins and the applications of ancient and modern.He points out that they are opposite and complementary to each other.They are mainly used for the treatment of mutual effect of chill and fever syndrome,suprapyretic and infrafrigid syndrome and the syndrome of intermingled heat and cold.It is illustrated by two clinical cases.%白长川主任医师系全国老中医药专家学术经验继承工作指导老师,从事临床、教学、科研近50年,积累了丰富的临床与教学经验,并逐步形成了自己的学术观点和临床诊疗特色.白主任善同用附子石膏,疗效显著.探析附子石膏同用源流,纵览古今应用,白主任认为二者合用相反相成,清温并用,可用于寒热互结证、上热下寒证、寒热错杂证的治疗,并例举白主任的临床医案加以证实.

  8. On Bai Juyi Musical Esthetics Thought%白居易宏观与微观音乐美学思想研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐柏平

    2015-01-01

    文章从统计白居易的音乐诗文数量入手,研究了他的重要音乐诗作及其理论文献,从宏观和微观两个方面得出了一些重要结论。宏观方面以“和”的思想著名,微观方面,他提出了表演理论中的“情感先行”(器乐)和“声情并茂”(声乐)音乐美学理论,这是白居易思想中创造性的发现。笔者亦就白居易思想来源谈了自己的观点。%through statistics on the number of Bai Juyi’s musical poems, this article studied his important musical poems with his theoretical literature, obtained some important conclusions from both aspect of macroscopic and microscopic. As aspect of macroscopic, it was well known of the thought of“He”, and on the other side, Bai proposed his music aesthetic theory in the theory of performance that“emotion first”(instrument music) and“both excellent in voice and affection”(vocal music), which was a creative discovery in Bai Juyi’s thoughts. The author also talked his own point of view about Bai’s thought source.

  9. Adaptation Behaviors of Communities and Households to Extreme Climate Events in Quang Nam Province, Viet Nam: Towards a Set of Possible Adaptation Measures

    OpenAIRE

    Phong Tran; Tran Huu Tuan; Bui Dung The; Bui Duc Tinh

    2010-01-01

    Climate change and adaptation to its impacts are pressing issues. Great efforts have been made locally to prevent and adapt to climate change events but problems related to climate change are exacerbated in poor communities in developing countries. Understanding local adaptation capacity and responses to climate change events is important so that barriers that constrain adaptation capacity can be identified and solutions to bridge the gaps and enhance local capacity can be sought. Located in ...

  10. Geostatistical Approach to Estimating the Gold Ore Characteristics and Gold Reserves: A Case Study Daksa Area, Quang Nam Province, Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luan Truong, Xuan; Luong Le, Van; Quang Truong, Xuan

    2015-04-01

    Daksa gold deposit is the biggest gold deposits in Vietnam. The Daksa geological structure complicated, distributed mainly metamorphosed sedimentary NuiVu formation (PR3-?1nv2). The sulfide gold ore bodies distributed in quartz schist, quartz - biotite related to faut and distribution wing anticline. The gold ore bodies form circuits, network circuits, circuits lenses; fill the cup surface layer of the developing northeast - southwest; is the less than or west longitude north - SE. The results show that, Au and accompanying elements (Ag, Pb and Zn) have correlated pretty closely. All of its consistent with the logarithmic distribution standard, in accordance with the law of distribution of content mineral rare. The structure functions have nugget effect and spherical models with show that Au and accompanying elements special variation are changes. Au contents shown local anisotropy, no clearly anisotropy (K=1,17) and weakly anisotropy (K=1,4). Intensity mineralization of the ore bodies are quite high with demand spherical conversion coefficient ranging from 0.49 to 0.75 and from 0.66 to 0.97 (for other body). With nugget effects, ore bodies shown that it is consistent with mineralization in the ore bodies study, ore erasable, micro vein, infilling fractures in quartz vein. All of variogram presents local anisotropy, indicated gold mineralization at study area has least two-mineralization stages, consistent with the analysis of mineralography samples. By the results of the structure function study, the authors present the system optimization for exploration deposit and used to evaluate gold reserves by Ordinary Kriging. High accuracy of Kriging estimation results are expressed in the minimum Kriging variance, by compare the results calculated by some other methods (such as distance inverse weighting method, ..) and specially compare to the results of a some blocks have been exploited. Key words: Geostat and gold deposits VN. Daksa and gold mineralization. Geostat and gold mine Daksa.

  11. Where "Sign Language Studies" Has Led Us in Forty Years: Opening High School and University Education for Deaf People in Viet Nam through Sign Language Analysis, Teaching, and Interpretation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodward, James; Hoa, Nguyen Thi

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses how the Nippon Foundation-funded project "Opening University Education to Deaf People in Viet Nam through Sign Language Analysis, Teaching, and Interpretation," also known as the Dong Nai Deaf Education Project, has been implemented through sign language studies from 2000 through 2012. This project has provided deaf adults in…

  12. The Volatility of Market Risk In Groups of Viet Nam Listed Computer and Electrical Company Groups during the Financial Crisis 2007-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinh Tran Ngoc Huy

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available During the financial crisis 2007-2009 with certain impacts on the Viet Nam economy and especially, the stock exchange, there is un-diversifiable risk that influences the whole computer and electrical industries. Hence, the risk re-estimation for the listed firms in these industries becomes necessary. First of all, by using quantitative and analytical methods to estimate asset and equity beta of four (4 groups of listed companies in Viet Nam electrical, software, hardware and telecommunication industries with a proper traditional estimating model, we found out that the beta values, in general, for most companies are acceptable, excluding just a few cases. There are 88% of listed firms with lower risk, among total 64 firms, whose beta values lower than ( 1and have stock returns moving more than the market benchmark. Ultimately, this paper generates some results that could provides both internal and external investors, financial institutions, companies and government more evidence in establishing their policies in investments and in governance.

  13. The context of HIV risk behaviours among HIV-positive injection drug users in Viet Nam: Moving toward effective harm reduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thanh Duong

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Injection drug users represent the largest proportion of all HIV reported cases in Viet Nam. This study aimed to explore the perceptions of risk and risk behaviours among HIV-positive injection drug users, and their experiences related to safe injection and safe sex practices. Methods This study used multiple qualitative methods in data collection including in-depth interviews, focus group discussions and participant observation with HIV-positive injection drug users. Results The informants described a change in the sharing practices among injection drug users towards more precautions and what was considered 'low risk sharing', like sharing among seroconcordant partners and borrowing rather than lending. However risky practices like re-use of injection equipment and 'syringe pulling' i.e. the use of left-over drugs in particular, were frequently described and observed. Needle and syringe distribution programmes were in place but carrying needles and syringes and particularly drugs could result in being arrested and fined. Fear of rejection and of loss of intimacy made disclosure difficult and was perceived as a major obstacle for condom use among recently diagnosed HIV infected individuals. Conclusion HIV-positive injection drug users continue to practice HIV risk behaviours. The anti-drug law and the police crack-down policy appeared as critical factors hampering ongoing prevention efforts with needle and syringe distribution programmes in Viet Nam. Drastic policy measures are needed to reduce the very high HIV prevalence among injection drug users.

  14. Effectiveness of the Vietnamese Good Agricultural Practice (VietGAP on plant growth and quality of Choy Sum (Brassica rapa var. Parachinensis in Northern Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuan M. Ha

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In response to the recent concerns about human health, ecosystem sustainability and thus demands for food safety, production of clean produce, particularly daily-consumed vegetables, is essential. The study was carried out in Thai Nguyen city (northern Vietnam during August – November 2011 to evaluate impacts of a VietGAP guideline on plant growth and quality of Choy Sum, one of the major vegetables in the research area. The experiment comprised two treatments, a control (local farmers’ conventional practice and an experimental treatment (plants grown according to the VietGAP guideline. Plant samples of the latter treatment were collected for quality test at the end of the experiment. Results showed that the experimental plants had significant higher growth parameters with regards to leaf areas (7.13 dm2 and average top plant weight (3.33 kg m-2, while those of the control treatment were 5.80 dm2 and 2.77 kg m-2, respectively. Lab test results showed the experimental plant samples met the national quality standards to be certified as a clean product. The participatory on-field experiment would facilitate critical reflections, transformative learning and readiness for adoption of eco-friendly production practices by the local farmers

  15. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients who died from Influenza A(H1N1pdm09 in Viet Nam

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    Phan Thanh Tinh

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available We describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients who died from influenza A(H1N1pdm09 in hospitals in Viet Nam between August 2009 and March 2010.Of 58 fatal cases, 32 (55% were below 30 years of age and 14 (24% were pregnant females. Forty-five (78% patients had at least one underlying medical condition including chronic heart, kidney or lung diseases or pregnancy. Twelve (21% cases sought medical attention on the day of symptom onset. Only 13 (36% of 36 cases for whom treatment data were available had been given antiviral drugs within the recommended two days of symptom onset.The clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of the patients who died from influenza A(H1N1pdm09 are similar to those reported from other countries. To improve preparedness and response to future pandemics, Viet Nam needs to strengthen the surveillance of influenza; increase laboratory capacity to test for influenza viruses; and develop strategies for promoting the timely attendance of at-risk individuals at health facilities and the early administration of antiviral drugs, particularly for persons with underlying medical conditions and pregnant females.

  16. On the Journey of Li Bai's Interpretation from Du Fu%浅论杜甫对李白解读的心路历程

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何莉丽

    2015-01-01

    李白和杜甫作为文学史上了两颗"双子星",他们之间的友情和隔阂成为研究者热衷的话题.文章从杜甫对李白解读的心路历程做了深入探究,集中于杜甫对李白的形式崇拜、人生境遇的感悟、精神上的契合和对李白诗作的接受和发展四个方面分析,探讨杜甫和李白如何在诗品、友谊、人格追崇和心灵共鸣的过程.%As a literary history of the two pieces of"Gemini", friendship and estrangement between Li Bai and Du Fu long become researchers'hot topic. This paper performs a thorough research on it from another odd size, concentrating on the form of worship,the feeling of life circumstances , the spirit of the agreement, and acceptance and development of Libai's poetry, and explores the resonant psychology journey of Du Fu and Li Bai in poems, friendship, and personality.

  17. Growth and population dynamics during early stages of the mangrove Kandelia candel in Halong Bay, North Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thi Ha, Hoang; Duarte, Carlos M.; Tri, Nguyen Hoang; Terrados, Jorge; Borum, Jens

    2003-11-01

    Quantifying the dynamics of the early stages in the life cycle of mangroves is essential to predict the distribution, species composition and structure of mangrove forests, and their maintenance and recovery from perturbations. The growth and population dynamics of two stands of the mangrove Kandelia candel in Halong Bay (Viet Nam) were examined for 1 year. Growth was highly seasonal, with high growth rates and fast internode formation in the summer, dropping to extremely low growth during January-February, the coldest and driest months in the year. In addition, growth and internode formation rates showed important inter-annual variability during the last decade. The complete reproductive period required 7-8 months. Flower initiation was maximal in June and peak propagule maturity occurred in December-January. Only one mature propagule developed for every 67 and 127 inflorescence buds formed at Site 1 and Site 2, respectively. Kandelia candel propagules begun to sink 10 days after being released, and after 18 days all propagules had negative buoyancy. The propagules developed roots within 19-68 days, depending on whether they were held on the water or sediment, and were capable of long range dispersal, for 15-20% of them dispersed more than 100 m within 1 day. The median age of K. candel plants ranged between 8.7 and 5.6 years, with a density of 1900 and 470 plants ha -1, in Sites 1 and 2. Plant mortality was high, with 64 and 74% of the plants surviving after a year at Sites 1 and 2. Life expectancy (i.e. median age-at-death) of only 2.2 and 2.7 years at Sites 1 and 2, respectively, indicates that mortality of young K. candel plants was specially high. Recruitment occurred in early spring, and did not suffice to balance the mortality within the annual period examined. These results suggest that the K. candel stands in Halong Bay might be maintained by a few years of high recruitment which would compensate for generally high mortality rates.

  18. Pollution Across Chinese Provinces

    OpenAIRE

    Catherine Yap Co; Fanying Kong; Shuanglin Lin

    2008-01-01

    We revisit the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis using 1987-1995 data for Chinese provinces. A comparison of off-sample (1996-2004) predictions to actual emissions indicates that more stringent rules are still needed to fight industrial (waste water and dust) pollution. Auxiliary regressions show that conditional on income, northern provinces have lower industrial waste water pollution; non-coastal and provinces with smaller secondary industry shares have lower industrial (waste wa...

  19. Sanlitun Bai Steel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    Sanlitun Bar Street in Beijing is crowded with bars of differentstyles.By the side of one south-north-led avenue with length ofone kilometer nearby the diplomatic quarter,20 bars andwestern-style restaurants are located here and all seats areoccupied after ten o’clock each night.The operators on this bar street are well-educated ones whoknow about the foreign bar culture.Although each bar has itsunique favourable cultural features,nearly all of the bars here aretrying to create one kind of foreign atomsphere and feeling andmake the foreigners coming here at home,

  20. The Volatility of Market Risk In Viet Nam Listed Public Utilities Company Groups during and after the Financial Crisis 2007-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinh Tran Ngoc Huy

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This study estimates market risk of total 45 listed companies in Viet Nam public utilities, natural gas and oil industry during the financial crisis period 2007-2009. Firstly, we found out in the research sample that there are 82% of firms, of total listed firms, with beta values lower than ( 1, meaning having stock returns fluctuating more than the market benchmark. Thirdly, among three (3 groups, the systemic risk in the electric power industry is the smallest, shown by estimated values of equity and asset beta mean, and asset beta variance in this industry is also the smallest. Finally, this paper generates some analytical outcomes that enable companies and government to have more evidence in establishing their policies in investments and in governance

  1. 品牌战略推动中医药走向越南%Brand Strategy for Industry of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Viet Nam

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭楚

    2011-01-01

    The history of exchange of traditional Chinese medicine between China and Viet Nam follows a long course of development from the remote past. The differences of social economic conditions of the two countries and the similarities of their cultures have cr%中越两国的中医药交流源远流长,中越社会经济发展的差异性和文化的相似性,造就了我国中医药在越南市场上的巨大商机。我国中医药产业必须把握机遇,加强品牌建设,寻找合法途径,重点开拓越南中医药市场。

  2. Prevalence of resistance to second-line tuberculosis drug among multidrug-resistant tuberculosis patients in Viet Nam, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tran, Huong Thi Giang; Bui, Quyen Thi Tu

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) represents an emerging public health problem worldwide. According to the World Health Organization, an estimated 9.7% of multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) cases are defined as XDR-TB globally. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of drug resistance to second-line TB drugs among MDR-TB cases detected in the Fourth National Anti-Tuberculosis Drug Resistance Survey in Viet Nam. Methods Eighty clusters of TB cases were selected using a probability-proportion-to-size approach. To identify MDR-TB cases, drug susceptibility testing (DST) was performed for the four major first-line TB drugs. DST of second-line drugs (ofloxacin, amikacin, kanamycin, capreomycin) was performed on isolates from MDR-TB cases to identify pre-XDR and XDR cases. Results A total of 1629 smear-positive TB cases were eligible for culture and DST. Of those, DST results for first-line drugs were available for 1312 cases, and 91 (6.9%) had MDR-TB. Second-line DST results were available for 84 of these cases. Of those, 15 cases (17.9%) had ofloxacin resistance and 6.0% were resistant to kanamycin and capreomycin. Five MDR-TB cases (6.0%) met the criteria of XDR-TB. Conclusion This survey provides the first estimates of the proportion of XDR-TB among MDR-TB cases in Viet Nam and provides important information for local policies regarding second-line DST. Local policies and programmes that are geared towards TB prevention, early diagnosis and treatment with effective regimens are of high importance. PMID:27508089

  3. A composição e interpretação de Victor Assis Brasil em Pro Zeca: hibridismo entre o baião e o bebop The composition and interpretation by Victor Assis Brasil in Pro Zeca: hybridism between the Brazilian baião and bebop

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Barreto Linhares

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Estudo sobre o reconhecimento de elementos composicionais e interpretativos característicos do baião e do bebop na Introdução e Tema da música Pro Zeca de Victor Assis Brasil (1945-1981, a partir de três fontes primárias: (1 a lead sheet editada que reproduz o manuscrito autógrafo do compositor (ASSIS BRASIL, sem data a, (2 uma lead sheet manuscrita de caligrafia anônima (ASSIS BRASIL, sem data b e (3 a lead sheet editada da transcrição a partir da gravação do compositor (ASSIS BRASIL, 1974, incluindo sua improvisação, que está publicada às p.39-44 nesse volume de Per Musi. Fundamentada por referenciais históricos e teóricos das práticas de performance da música brasileira (GIF-FONI, 1997; SIQUEIRA, 1981; SÉVE, 1999 e do jazz (GRIDLEY, 2006; LAWN, 1995; HOBSBAWM, 1990, BAKER, 1987, esta análise comparativa revela um hibridismo entre elementos do bebop e do baião, no qual as características desses dois gêneros populares de países diferentes às vezes permanecem distintas e às vezes se entrelaçam em uma síntese.Study about the recognition of compositional and intrepretive elements typical of bebop and baião in the Introduction and Theme of Pro Zeca by Brazilian composer and saxophonist Victor Assis Brasil (1945-1981 departing from three primary sources: (1 the edited lead sheet that reproduces the composer's autograph (ASSIS BRASIL, sem data a, (2 an anonymous lead sheet manuscript (ASSIS BRASIL, sem data b and (3 the lead sheet of the transcription based on the composer's recording (ASSIS BRASIL, 1974 included at the end of this article. Resorting to historical and theoretical references of performance practices in jazz (GRIDLEY, 2006; LAWN, 1995; HOBSBAWM, 1990, BAKER, 1987 and Brazilian music (GIFFONI, 1997; SIQUEIRA, 1981; SÉVE, 1999, this comparative analysis reveals hybridization between bebop and the Brazilian baião, in which the characteristics of these popular genres from two different countries sometimes

  4. China and USA in the Pacific and the Caribbean: Whose Incursion, Whose Territory? A Brief Rejoinder to McElroy and Bai

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ron Crocombe

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The title of the article in Island Studies Journal by McElroy and Bai (2008 illustrates an inherent bias. It says that it is about China’s “incursion” into the Caribbean and Pacific. The Oxford on-line dictionary’s main definition of incursion is “an invasion or attack, especially a sudden or brief one”; and my Collins dictionary gives its main definition as: “a sudden invasion, attack or raid.” Since there has never been any invasion, attack or raid (and therefore no incursion by China into the Pacific or the Caribbean, why do the authors imply that there is? In contrast, there have been plenty of “invasions, attacks and raids” by the USA in the Pacific Islands and the Caribbean during the past 150 years.

  5. [An exploration of the training of medical talents in China for Ryukyu islands based on the Liu qiu bai wen (One Hundred Question of Ryukyu)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Lanping

    2014-09-01

    Ryukyu sent more than 20 batches of returned students to China for studying during the Ming and Qing Dynasties, many of whom were studying medicine. Liu qiu bai wen (One Hundred Question of Ryukyu) was the record of discussion between Cao Cunxin, a famous doctor of the Qing Dynasty, and the oversea disciples of Lü Fengyi from Ryukyu. However, it was not only a medical book, but also served as an important witness on overseas dissemination of TCM, and the fresh case of Chinese training medical talented persons for Ryukyu. Training Ryukyu medical students in the Qing Dynasty was good for the expansion of Chinese medicine in the Ryukyu, and promoted the development and social progress of the Ryukyu medicine and health, made a significant contribution to maintain the friendly relationship between the two countries. PMID:25579213

  6. Protocol Additional to the Agreement between the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in Connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Protocol Additional to the Agreement between the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in Connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members. The Board of Governors approved the Additional Protocol on 6 March 2007. It was signed on 10 August 2007 in Vienna, Austria. Pursuant to Article 17 of the Additional Protocol, the Protocol entered into force on 17 September 2012, the date on which the Agency received from the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam written notification that Vietnam's statutory and constitutional requirements for entry into force had been met

  7. 林白小说与女性“自我救赎”%Lin Bai's Novels and Women's “Self Salvation”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚润枝

    2015-01-01

    With a unique angle of view to women's life,Lin Bai always tries to describe women's secret experience and interpret women's state of survival.Her works are a representative of instinctive desire of women's life.She describes the women's self seeking through self secret experience in her early no-vel,and then turns to explore women's self positioning in the social life,finally focuses on women's life awareness in a state of free existence.Lin Bai's novels creation process proves that in a state of free existence and beyond the constraints of ethics and secularity as much as possible,the women can a-waken true life forms for themselves.%林白一直不遗余力地叙述女性的隐秘经验,坚持解读女性的生存状态,她的作品彰显了女性生命的本能欲望。林白早期的小说是在女性隐秘的内心经验中寻找自我,她中期的小说开始探索女性在社会生活中的定位,在第三阶段林白将女性放置在自由的生存状态中探讨女性的生命意识。林白的创作脉络验证了女性唯有处于自由无拘束的生存状态,最大程度地不受伦理和世俗的约束,才能够拥有自我本真的生命形态。

  8. Prevalence, awareness, medication, control, and risk factors associated with hypertension in Bai ethnic group in rural China: the Yunnan Minority Eye Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinman Zhang

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension and their associated factors among Bai ethnic population in the rural China. METHODS: A population-based survey was conducted in 2010 with a randomly cluster sampling in rural communities in Dali, southwest China. A total of 2133 adults aged 50 or above were interviewed, and their blood pressure, height, weight and waist circumference were measured. Hypertension was defined as a mean SBP≥140 mmHg and/or DBP≥90 mmHg, and/or current use of antihypertensive medications. RESULTS: The prevalence of hypertension was 42.1% (899/2133, and the age- and gender-adjusted prevalence was 40.0%. Among the hypertensive participants, 28.4% (255/899were aware of their condition, while 24.6% (221/899 took antihypertensive medications, with only 7.5% (67/899 of those achieving blood pressure control (<140/90 mmHg. Risk factors for hypertension were older age, smoking, alcohol drinking, family history of HBP, overweight, and obesity, while protective factors included being lean, and having finished senior high school or above. CONCLUSIONS: Hypertension prevalence is high among the population of Bai ethnic group in China, while the associated risk factors of hypertension include overweight/obesity, cigarette smoking, history of hypertension, and older age. The percentages of hypertensive participants aware of their hypertension and those taking antihypertensive medications were low with an incredibly low proportion of hypertensive patients who kept their hypertension under control. It is suggested that health education and hypertension screening programs be carried out in the area for the high blood pressure prevention and control.

  9. Uranium Provinces in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Three uranium provinces are recognized in China, the Southeast China uranium province, the Northeast China-lnner Mongolia uranium province and the Northwest China (Xinjiang) uranium province. The latter two promise good potential for uranium resources and are major exploration target areas in recent years. There are two major types of uranium deposits: the Phanerozoic hydrothermal type (vein type) and the Meso-Cenozoic sandstone type in different proportions in the three uranium provinces. The most important reason or prerequisite for the formation of these uranium provinces is that Precambrian uranium-enriched old basement or its broken parts (median massifs) exists or once existed in these regions, and underwent strong tectonomagmatic activation during Phanerozoic time. Uranium was mobilized from the old basement and migrated upwards to the upper structural level together with the acidic magma originating from anatexis and the primary fluids, which were then mixed with meteoric water and resulted in the formation of Phanerozoic hydrothermal uranium deposits under extensional tectonic environments. Erosion of uraniferous rocks and pre-existing uranium deposits during the Meso-Cenozoic brought about the removal of uranium into young sedimentary basins. When those basins were uplifted and slightly deformed by later tectonic activity, roll-type uranium deposits were formed as a result of redox in permeable sandstone strata.

  10. 论文化地理学视阈中的白洋淀诗歌群落%On the Bai Yang Dian Poetry Cluster in the Literary Geography Context

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尤兰萍; 赵爱芳; 韩军

    2011-01-01

    文学地理因素对于白洋淀诗歌群落的形成起着重要的背景作用。湿地背景催发白洋淀诗歌群落诗歌情怀,燕赵文化渊源确立白洋淀诗歌群落诗歌生命基调,地缘优势打造白洋淀诗歌群落封闭而开放的诗歌美学。%This paper studies the literary geography context to explore the formation background of the Bai Yang Dian Poets Cluster and its poetic theory. It tries to further study the poetic feeling with the wetland background, the poetic tone with Yan Zhao clutural origin and the isolated and open poetic aethetics with the geo-advantage. The aim is to explore the new vision of the Bai Yang Dian poetry cluster.

  11. Study on Public Opinion Governance in Minority Autonomous Regions:A Case Study on Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture%民族区域自治地方舆论治理研究——以大理白族自治州为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱波

    2015-01-01

    In the progress of globalization and the social modernization, with the special natural and social environment, the complicity and the particularity of public opinions in minority autonomous regions are different from the other inland provinces and regions in China. This paper studies the typical cases of public opinion governance in Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture, found that it's necessary to pay attention to the public opinion governance in resolving the social management crisis for minority autonomous regions. Promoting the expertise of public opinion monitoring, public opinion supervision and analysis of public opinion, and innovating the guidance way of public opinion in minority autonomous regions are meaningful for handling the increasing and complex public crisis.%在全球社会现代化的进程中,由于自然、社会环境独特,我国民族自治地方的舆情具有不同于内地省区的复杂性、特殊性,研究近年大理白族自治州舆论治理典型案例,认识民族区域自治地方化解社会治理危机要重视舆论治理,既要提升民意监测、舆论监督、舆情分析的专业性,又要创新民族区域自治地方舆论引导的方式,这对应对日益频发且复杂的公共危机具有一定的现实意义.

  12. 小说《倾城之恋》中范柳原与白流苏情感新解%A New Annotation on Motion betweent Fan and Bai in Love in a Fallen City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李莉

    2015-01-01

    The narrative blank, transformation of narrative angle and changing of narrative distance are the reasons for arousing controversy on love between Fan and Bai in Love in a Fallen City. In fact, there was true love between Fan and Bai. However, Bai suppressed her emotional needs due to cruel reality;Fan also hid his real feelings and became unpredictable due to hard experience in his early life.%小说《倾城之恋》的叙事策略是引发“范白之恋”真伪争议的重要因素,只有拨开叙事技巧带来的重重迷雾后,细读文本才能发现两人之间确有真情,但白流苏囿于现实压抑了情感需求;而范柳原也因早年不幸经历将真心隐藏在面具下从而让这段感情变得扑朔迷离。

  13. Analysis of the Research Status and Value of the Bai Genealogy%白族家谱研究现状及价值探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何俊伟

    2014-01-01

    Since the 1980s,studies on Bai genealogical aspects have been fruity including the collection of Bai genealogy, genealogical directories,genealogical and historical value,and the applied research of ethnic origins,names of Halls,the patronymic linkage naming system,the family ethnics. But there is still a big gap in the genealogical research between home and abroad,mainly the genealogy is stored in different places,historical documents are not well organized; Also outdated research,poor investment on research,single research direction etc. however,it has important documental value to strengthen the research on Bei genealogy. Not only can it add up some historical data,but also provides some new material of history for the study of ethnic history in the Southwest of China. Based on the research results,this paper classifies genealogy,analyzes the inadequacy of existing research,and summarizes research value of Bao genealogy.%20世纪80年代以来,白族家谱在家谱的调查收集、目录、家谱介绍及史料价值等基础研究和族源、堂号、父子连名制、家庭道德等应用研究方面取得了一些成果,但与国内外家谱研究相比仍存在很大差距,主要表现在家谱收藏分散、史料挖掘整理不够;研究滞后、力量薄弱;研究方向单一等问题。而加强对白族家谱的研究不仅可弥补白族史料的不足,也可为西南民族史的研究提供新的史料,具有重要的文献价值和现实意义。

  14. Bai Juyi’ s Philosophy:a Perspective of Qu Yuan%从屈原看白居易的人生哲学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈金现

    2013-01-01

    Qu Yuan was a representative of disappointed scholars who was banished from the court .Compared with Han Yu , Liu Yuxi and Liu Zhongyuan in the middle Tang dynasty , Bai Juyi was a successful one who could regulate his mood by writing .Intellectuals of Confucianism in ancient China became official through imperial exami-nations.They all wanted to govern and benefit the people .But when was frustrated , they conducted differently . Han Yu wanted to commit suicide, while Liu Yuxi and Liu Zhongyuan lament their misfortune .Contrarily, Bai Juyi pursued a content and enjoyable life .%人生挫折失意难免,屈原作为中国贬谪失意人生坐标,耸立在世代官场无数人的心头。看过屈原这么壮烈投水自沉的呐喊后,面对失意时,调适心情,选择乐活,这是汉代拟骚体龙蛇人生哲学的体现,与中唐韩愈、刘禹锡、柳宗元相比,白居易应该是运用龙蛇哲学最成功的一位。勤读儒家经典的中国读书人,应举入仕,期待经世济民,施展经国韬略的初衷应该是一致的;但遭受挫折后的转向则有所区分。韩愈贬潮州刺史嘱咐十二郎在瘴江边等着收骸骨,刘禹锡、柳宗元对屈原的接受是同声哀叹。经过早年《秦中吟》、讽谕诗,贬江州作的《江州司马厅记》,应该是白居易龙蛇人生哲学最明确的宣告。自此以后,白居易都以龙蛇哲学,追求知足保和,放达适意的人生。

  15. Morphological and genetic differences between cultured and wild populations of Channa striata in Viet Nam and its phylogenetic relationship with other Channa species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ngoc-Tran Thi Nguyen

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The Channa genus includes important species for aquaculture and interesting targets for phylogenetic studies. In the Mekong Delta, Viet Nam, four species of this genus (Channa striata, C. micropeltes, C. lucius, and C. gachua are naturally distributed and other phenotypes that look like C. striata have been observed in aquaculture conditions. The taxonomic status of newly-observed phenotypes including “triangle-head” snakehead (THS and square-head snakehead (SHS is still controversial. This study compared morphological characteristics and Cytochrome C oxidase subunit I (COI sequences of different C. striata-like phenotypes and investigated the phylogenetic relationship of Channa species based on COI. Morphological results show that THS, SHS, and wild C. striata have similar ranges for meristic traits but differ in morphometric ratios, especially the shape of their head and length of their gut. Kimura-2P genetic distances among three phenotypes (0.0017- 0.0062 are equivalent to those of C. striata samples from Mainland Southeast Asian countries. The results indicate that THS and SHS belong to C. striata, and this species exhibits within-species diversity in both morphology and COI sequences. The phylogenetic analysis indicates that C. striata individuals form a monophyletic group and are genetically distinct from other Channa species in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta. Congeneric distances of four species range from 0.1836 to 0.2436, indicating high divergence among Channa species.

  16. 白族传统体育在大理民俗旅游开发中的作用%The effect of Dali Bai Ethnic Traditional Sports on Dali Folk Tourism Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁晓琴

    2012-01-01

    大理白族自治州位于我国西南地区,是一个历史悠久、文化深厚的白族聚居地。在发展民族经济的大潮中,民俗旅游已成为大理的支柱型产业之一。大理的旅游业以醉人的自然风情为基点,凭借其纯朴的民风和独特的白族文化吸引着大批中外游客。近年来,在大理地方政府的大力推动下,特色鲜明、底蕴深厚的白族传统体育已成为全州旅游产业蓬勃发展的新支柱,促进了大理旅游业向更全面、更规范、更具民族特色的方向发展。该文以白族传统体育项目的旅游开发作为切人点,通过文献资料法、访问调查法、逻辑分析法进一步揭示白族传统体育在民俗旅游开发中的特点,集中展示其对大理民俗旅游的促进作用。%Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture, has headquarters in the southwest of China, with a long history and rich and profound cultural reserves. Folk Tourism has become a multimfllion dollar industry of Dali with the rapid development of ethnic economy. The tourism of Dali basis of its natural amorous feelings, attracting a lot of Chinese and foreign tourists with its honest folkway and distinct Bai culture. In recent years, Dali Bai ethnic traditional sports with distinct characteristics and profound culture have become a multimillion dollar industry of whole state. It promotes the development of Dali tourism more comprehensive, more norms, and more ethnic. Through emphasizing on the tourism development of Dali Bai ethnic traditional sport events, through the method of documentary data, logic analysis, interviewing survey, this study further explicates the characteristic of Dali Bai ethnic traditional sports in folk tourism development. And then it mainly shows its promoting effect on Dali folk tourism.

  17. Refractory Minerals in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIN Qinguo; LI Jing; LIU Jiehua; LIU Yanjun

    2004-01-01

    Henan province is very rich in refractory minerals of many varieties including silica, dolomite, graphite,pearlite, sepiolite, olivine, and sillimanite group minerals, besides the abundant reserves of fireclay and bauxite,which lay a good foundation for the development of the refractories industry of the province. The paper introduces the reserves, distribution and character of the refractory minerals in Henan province.

  18. Sorrow of a Great Poet-Looking at Li Bai with another Eye%大诗人的悲哀——另一只眼看李白

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余晓萍

    2009-01-01

    Li Bai was a great poet who enjoyed the permanent reputation in the history of Chinese literature. He had left very large poems as resplendent bright pearls for parnassus of Chinese ancient times, and had got splendid poems accomplishment. But, he spawned his life setback and politics tragedy because of his life habit of writing poems with drinking the wine, unrestrained behavior way, politics acute bluntness or shortcoming. His life fortune could provide later persons with use for reference.%李白是中国文学史上享有长盛不衰声誉的大诗人,他给中国古代诗坛留下了一颗颗硕大璀璨的明珠,取得了辉煌的诗歌成就,然而,他却因为自身诗必斗酒的生活习性、恃才放浪的行为方式、政治敏锐性的迟钝或缺失酿成了自己的人生挫折和政治悲剧,他的人生际遇可以为后世之人提供一些有益的思索.

  19. The Feature of Guan Zhong Culture in the Novel of Bai Lu Yuan%《白鹿原》的关中文化特色探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周循

    2012-01-01

    In the literature of new period, the feature of local culture is becoming more and more popular. Meanwhile, the strong penetration and combination of local custom,local dialect and literary creation occur to the literature works, and thus getting abundant achievements. Bai Lu Yuan is the typical one of these novels, in which Guan Zhong custom and culture penetrate in every word and sentence of novel so as to make the work with the strong feature of Guan Zhong culture.%新时期文学中,地域文化特色成为很多作家共同的追求,出现了地域民俗、地域方言与文学创作强有力的渗透与交融,并取得了丰硕成果。《白鹿原》是这类作品的典型,在这部小说中,关中民俗文化和方言渗透到方方面面,使作品具有了浓厚的关中文化特色。

  20. BaiKhao (rice leaf) app: a mobile device-based application in analyzing the color level of the rice leaf for nitrogen estimation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Intaravanne, Yuttana; Sumriddetchkajorn, Sarun

    2012-11-01

    As the color level of the rice leaf corresponds to the nitrogen status of rice in the field, farmers use a leaf color chart (LCC) to identify the color level of the rice leaf in order to estimate the amount of N fertilizer needed for the rice field. However, the ability of the farmers and degeneration of the LCC color affect the accuracy in reading the rice leaf color level. In this paper, we propose a mobile device-based rice leaf color analyzer called "BaiKhao" (means rice leaf in Thai). Our key idea is to simultaneously capture and process the two-dimensional (2-D) data scattered and reflected from the rice leaf and its surrounding reference, thus eliminating expensive external components and alleviating the environmental fluctuation but yet achieving a high accuracy. Our field tests using an Android-based mobile phone show that all important leaf color levels of 1, 2, 3, and 4 can be correctly identified. Additional key features include low cost and ease of implementation with highly efficient distribution through the internet.

  1. Archangelsk Province Administration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The radioactive waste accumulating in the north of the Russian Federation is generated by naval activity, nuclear ice-breakers of the Murmansk Shipping Company, and shipbuilding and ship repairing companies. This report analyses the situation in the town of Severodvinsk in Archangelsk Province and the proposed plans to prevent radioactive pollution of the territory

  2. 陕西省主要粮食作物比较优势分析%Analvsis of Comparative Advantage of Main Food Crops in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李凤

    2012-01-01

    According to the comparative advantage theory, by using the improved comprehensive comparative advantage index method, this paper analyzed the changes in the comparative advantage of three main food crops (wheat, rice and maize) in Shaanxi province during 1990~2009. The result showed that the comprehensive comparative advantage indexes of these three crops all were at a disadvantage; wheat and maize had higher scale advantage index (SAI), but their efficiency advantage index (EAI) and benefit advantage index (BAI) were lower; however, rice had higher EAI and BAI, but its SAI was lower. Based on this analysis, some proposals for the structure readjustment of the main food crops in Shaanxi province were put forward.%根据比较优势理论,利用改进的综合比较优势指数法,对陕西省小麦、稻谷、玉米3种主要粮食作物在1990 ~2009年间的比较优势变动趋势进行了分析,其结果表明:3种作物的综合比较优势指数都处于劣势,其中小麦和玉米具有规模优势但是效率和效益指数较低,稻谷具有效率和效益优势但是规模太小,并在此基础上提出了陕西省主要粮食作物结构调整的对策和建议.

  3. Knowledge and Attitude Towards Tobacco Smoking among 13-15 Year-Old School Children in Viet Nam - Findings from GYTS 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huong, Nguyen Thanh; Kien, Nguyen Trung; Giang, Kim Bao; Minh, Hoang Van; Hai, Phan Thi; Huyen, Doan Thu; Khue, Luong Ngoc; Linh, Nguyen Thuy; Lam, Nguyen Tuan; Nga, Pham Thi Quynh

    2016-01-01

    Studies have shown that smoking is a learnt behavior, often initiated during adolescence. This paper aims to describe tobacco-related knowledge, attitude and associations among school adolescents aged 13-15 with exposure to anti-smoking information. Using data from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) in Viet Nam, 2014, knowledge was measured through 4 questions about tobacco use, and attitude was assessed through 3 questions on personal, social and environmental aspects. Students giving most anti-tobacco responses to all questions were considered as having correct knowledge or appropriate attitude or both. Access to anti-smoking information was determined by exposure to any media messages on tobacco control during the past 30 days and teaching in school about the danger of tobacco use during the past 12 months. A substantial percentage of students thought that being near others who smoke might be harmful to them and smoking is harmful to health (89.4% and 89.6% respectively). However, only 46.4% reported that it is definitely difficult to quit smoking and 66.9% thought that smoking for only 1 or 2 years, once stopped, is harmful to health. Slightly more than half of the respondents reported appropriate attitude that young smokers have fewer friends than others and smoking makes them less attractive and less comfortable at social events. Noticing anti-smoking messages in the media together with having lessons in school about the dangers of tobacco substantially increased the likelihood of having correct knowledge, appropriate attitude and both. Despite relatively high awareness about smoking harms, effective educational communication is still highly needed to improve the level of comprehensive knowledge and an appropriate attitude regarding tobacco use. PMID:27087181

  4. Dengue virus in sub-tropical northern and central Viet Nam: population immunity and climate shape patterns of viral invasion and maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabaa, Maia A; Simmons, Cameron P; Fox, Annette; Le, Mai Quynh; Nguyen, Thuy Thi Thu; Le, Hai Yen; Gibbons, Robert V; Nguyen, Xuyen Thanh; Holmes, Edward C; Aaskov, John G

    2013-01-01

    Dengue virus transmission occurs in both epidemic and endemic cycles across tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. Incidence is particularly high in much of Southeast Asia, where hyperendemic transmission plagues both urban and rural populations. However, endemicity has not been established in some areas with climates that may not support year-round viral transmission. An understanding of how dengue viruses (DENV) enter these environments and whether the viruses persist in inapparent local transmission cycles is central to understanding how dengue emerges in areas at the margins of endemic transmission. Dengue is highly endemic in tropical southern Vietnam, while increasingly large seasonal epidemics have occurred in northern Viet Nam over the last decade. We have investigated the spread of DENV-1 throughout Vietnam to determine the routes by which the virus enters northern and central regions of the country. Phylogeographic analysis of 1,765 envelope (E) gene sequences from Southeast Asia revealed frequent movement of DENV between neighboring human populations and strong local clustering of viral lineages. Long-distance migration of DENV between human population centers also occurred regularly and on short time-scales, indicating human-mediated viral invasion into northern Vietnam. Human populations in southern Vietnam were found to be the primary source of DENV circulating throughout the country, while central and northern Vietnam acted as sink populations, likely due to reduced connectedness to other populations in the case of the central regions and to the influence of temperature variability on DENV replication and vector survival and competence in the north. Finally, phylogeographic analyses suggested that viral movement follows a gravity model and indicates that population immunity and physical and economic connections between populations may play important roles in shaping patterns of DENV transmission.

  5. Dengue virus in sub-tropical northern and central Viet Nam: population immunity and climate shape patterns of viral invasion and maintenance.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maia A Rabaa

    Full Text Available Dengue virus transmission occurs in both epidemic and endemic cycles across tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. Incidence is particularly high in much of Southeast Asia, where hyperendemic transmission plagues both urban and rural populations. However, endemicity has not been established in some areas with climates that may not support year-round viral transmission. An understanding of how dengue viruses (DENV enter these environments and whether the viruses persist in inapparent local transmission cycles is central to understanding how dengue emerges in areas at the margins of endemic transmission. Dengue is highly endemic in tropical southern Vietnam, while increasingly large seasonal epidemics have occurred in northern Viet Nam over the last decade. We have investigated the spread of DENV-1 throughout Vietnam to determine the routes by which the virus enters northern and central regions of the country. Phylogeographic analysis of 1,765 envelope (E gene sequences from Southeast Asia revealed frequent movement of DENV between neighboring human populations and strong local clustering of viral lineages. Long-distance migration of DENV between human population centers also occurred regularly and on short time-scales, indicating human-mediated viral invasion into northern Vietnam. Human populations in southern Vietnam were found to be the primary source of DENV circulating throughout the country, while central and northern Vietnam acted as sink populations, likely due to reduced connectedness to other populations in the case of the central regions and to the influence of temperature variability on DENV replication and vector survival and competence in the north. Finally, phylogeographic analyses suggested that viral movement follows a gravity model and indicates that population immunity and physical and economic connections between populations may play important roles in shaping patterns of DENV transmission.

  6. Molecular and morphological variation of Paragonimus westermani in Vietnam with records of new second intermediate crab hosts and a new locality in a northern province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doanh, N Pham; Tu, A Luu; Bui, T Dung; Loan, T Ho; Nonaka, Nariaki; Horii, Yoichiro; Blair, David; Nawa, Yukifumi

    2016-10-01

    Paragonimus westermani is one of the most medically important lung flukes and is widely distributed in Asia. It exhibits considerable variation in morphological, genetic and biological features. In central provinces of Vietnam, a high prevalence of metacercariae of this species has been reported from the crab intermediate host, Vietopotamon aluoiense. In this study, we detected P. westermani metacercariae in two additional crab hosts, Donopotamon haii in Quang Tri Province, central Vietnam and Indochinamon tannanti in Yen Bai Province in the north. The latter is a new locality for P. westermani in a northern region of Vietnam where P. heterotremus is the only species currently known to cause human paragonimiasis. Paragonimus westermani metacercariae found in Vietnam showed considerable morphological variation but slight genetic variation based on DNA sequences from the nuclear ribosomal ITS2 region and the mitochondrial 16S gene. Co-infection of the same individual crabs with P. westermani and P. heterotremus and/or some other Paragonimus species was found frequently, suggesting potential for co-infection in humans. The findings of the present study emphasize the need for highly specific molecular and immunodiagnostic methods to differentially diagnose between P. westermani and P. heterotremus infections.

  7. 白居易的行旅活动与行旅诗创作%Bai Juyi’s Travelling Activities and Travelling Poems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦尤杰

    2016-01-01

    Travelling is an important activity in Bai juyi’s life, which falls into two parts. The former is for personal affairs and full of sadness, going to his father’s working place or sitting the Imperial Examination. The latter is a business trip and also full of sorrow and happiness. The reason for it is being demoted, transferred to place near the capital city, going to his post or being sent on a mission. His travelling is around Chang’an and Luoyang. In the course of the journey, grief and indignation motivated him to write poems, easy life is helpful for his writing, and beautiful scenes and historical culture enlighten him, so he writes a lot of travelling poems.%行旅是白居易一生的重要活动,前期行旅充满忧伤,行旅是个人私事,行旅原因是随父漂流和参加科举,行旅目的地是父亲任职地与科举考场;后期行旅有忧伤也有快乐,行旅是公事,行旅原因是被贬、量移、任职、出使,行旅以长安、洛阳为中心。行旅中,忧伤悲愤刺激创作,悠闲有助于创作,地域美景引发创作,历史文化启示创作,驿馆题诗激励创作,所以白居易创作了大量的行旅诗。

  8. Behavioral responses of one western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) group at Bai Hokou, Central African Republic, to tourists, researchers and trackers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klailova, Michelle; Hodgkinson, Chloe; Lee, Phyllis C

    2010-09-01

    Gorilla tourism, widely perceived as a lucrative industry, is propelled by strong market demand with programs in five countries and for three of four gorilla subspecies. Human presence may negatively affect wild gorillas, potentially lowering immunity and increasing the likelihood of acquiring human-borne disease. Yet, behavioral impacts of humans on wild gorilla behavior remain largely unexplored, particularly for western lowland gorillas. We evaluate the impact of tourist presence, human observer numbers (tourists, trackers, and researchers), and human observer distance on the behavior of one habituated gorilla group at Bai Hokou, Central African Republic. Behavioral data were collected for more than 12 months from January 2007. Of silverback aggressive events, 39% (N=229) were human directed, but 65% were low-level soft barks. Adult females, and one in particular, were responsible for the highest number of aggressive events toward humans. Humans maintained closer proximity to the silverback when tourists were present, although tourist numbers had no significant impact on overall group activity budgets or rates of human-directed aggression. However, as research team size increased, group feeding rates decreased. Close observer-silverback distance correlated with a decrease in his feeding rates and an increase in human monitoring. He directed less aggression toward observers at distances >10 m, although observers spent 48.5% of time between 6 and 10 m of the silverback. We discuss gorilla personality as a factor in human-directed aggression. We explore whether the current 7 m distance limit governing gorilla tourism, based on disease transmission risks, is sufficient considering the potential behavioral stressor of close human presence. We recommend increasing minimum observation distance to >10 m where possible, decreasing observer group sizes, particularly after a visit consisting of maximum numbers and restricting tourist access to 1 visit/day. PMID:20806337

  9. 白居易闲适诗中写景诗的概念隐喻研究%A Conceptual Metaphor Study on Bai Juyi’s Leisure Scenery Poems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨勇; 马群英

    2014-01-01

    Bai Juyi is one of the greatest poets in Tang dynasty. He writes many poems. Some of them which called satirical po-ems are about the life style and social reality of that time, and some of them which called leisure poems are about the personal be-lief and emotion of the poet. There are many poems about the scenery in Bai Juyi’s leisure poems. These poems describe the scenery of seasons and reflect the emotions and feelings of the poet. Conceptual metaphor theory which is an important theory in cognitive linguistics provides a basic theory for people to study languages and literature. Analyzing Bai ’s scenery poems from the perspective of conceptual metaphor can not only help people understand the implicit meaning of these poems deeply, but also help people know more about the social lives at that time.%在白居易的诗作中既有关心人民疾苦的讽喻诗,也有怡情保和的闲适诗。而闲适诗中的诸多写景诗不仅仅描绘了四季或身边景,更是寄托了诗人的情感。诗中还应用了隐喻手法。隐喻不仅是修辞手法,更是一种认知方式。以认知语言学理论为基础,在概念隐喻的视角下,从实体隐喻、结构隐喻和方位隐喻三个方面分析白居易的闲适诗中的写景诗,解读诗中体现的情感和所折射的当时社会风貌。

  10. On the Similarities and Differences between the Poems about Wine Written by Li Bai and by Li Kuibao%李白与李奎报酒诗同异试论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    师存勋

    2012-01-01

    李白是中国唐代浪漫主义伟大诗人,李奎报为朝鲜高丽时代著名诗人,二人皆以好酒传名于世。而就酒诗看,李白与李奎报也有相同之处,如酒诗浪漫主义的风格、吟志抒怀的内容、“以气为主,以自然为宗”创作手法的运用等。但就二人酒诗相异之处而言,李奎报诗歌在浪漫主义手法之外,还采用现实主义手法,因而其作品写实内容多于李白,李奎报酒诗并有援禅入诗的创作手法。%Li Bai was the most famous romantic poet in Tang dynasty while Li Kuibao are reputed for his poetical style of romanticism, realism and leisure. Both Li Bai and Li Kuibao were fond of wine and the writing of poems about wine. As far as the poems about wine are concerned, there are similarities between the poems about wine written by Li Bai and that by Li Kuibao such as the style of romanticism, lyricism, the usage of Qi (power and grandeur). Li Kuibao's poems about wine, however, are different from Li Bai's in that many of them have strong style of realism except romanticism and correspondingly some poems about wine reflects real life such as the sufferings of people. Li Kuibao also chose Dhyana as a kind of artistic techniques in the writing of poems about wine.

  11. Economic and Cultural Exchanges Between Tibetan and Bai in the Period of the Republic of China%民国时期藏族与白族的经济文化交流

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨新宇; 张锡禄; 刘荣

    2015-01-01

    民国时期藏族与白族间的经济文化交流具有一定的特殊性。民国前中期交流的主要途径是贸易通商和马帮文化;抗日战争时期是藏族和白族间经济交往最多、文化碰撞和交流最频繁的时期;而民国后期建筑师和民族手工艺者充当了藏族和白族间经济文化交流的主要使者,通婚和民间宗教交流作为藏族和白族经济文化交流的非主流形式而存在。这一时期藏族和白族的经济发展不平衡,文化差异极大,但两个民族却能和谐相处,共同发展,这是中国族际政治和谐治理研究的一个重要内容。%In the period of the Republic of China, economic and cultural exchanges between Tibetan and Bai were very special. In the early and mid period of the Republic of China, the main exchanging way was through trade and caravan. Anti-Japanese War period witnessed the highest frequency of economic exchange, cultural collision and communication between Tibetans and Bai. Architects and craftsmen played important roles in economic and cultural exchanges between Tibetan and Bai with intermarriage and exchange of folk religion as non-mainstream exchange forms in the late period of the Republic of China. Although economy in Tibetan and Bai regions developed unevenly with a huge culture gap during this period of time, both minority groups could live in harmony and work on mutual development, which is of great importance of the research of ethnic politics and the harmonious governance in China.

  12. 明清大理白族地区书院教育的流变及其特点%Evolution and Characteristics of Academy Education in Dali Bai Nationality Areas during Ming and Qing Dynasties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李秀芳

    2016-01-01

    明清时期是大理白族地区书院教育发展的重要时期,伴随着中央王朝“兴儒抑佛”到“兴儒传佛”到“先抑儒后兴儒”再到“反儒尚西”的文教政策转变,大理白族地区的书院教育经历了“萌芽—发展—调整—成熟—衰落”这样一个过程。明清大理白族地区的书院教育秉承中原书院的儒学教育思想,同时因处在大理白族地区特殊的民族文化背景中,其教育思想又呈现出重教化、轻名利、儒释道兼容等显著的特点。%Ming and Qing Dynasties are the important periods for the development of academy education in Dali Bai nationality area. Along with the change of the central dynasty cultural policy, from "revitalization of Confucianism and suppression of Buddhism" to"revitalize Buddhism", and to"inhibition of Confucianism", and to"revival Confucianism", and last change to"eliminate Confucianism and promoting western culture", the academy education of the Bai nationality in Dali has experienced a long developing process. This process can be expressed as:begin, development, adjust, mature, and decline in the end. The academy education of the Bai nationality in Ming and Qing Dynasties was obedient to the Confucianism education thought of the central academy. Meanwhile, due to the special minority culture background in Dali Bai nationality areas, the academy education thoughts showed the emphasis on education, neglect fame and wealth, and combination of Buddhism and Taoism.

  13. On the Movement and Purification of Emotion in Bai Juyi's Eternal Regret Song%论白居易《长恨歌》中诗“情”的位移与纯化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏清

    2012-01-01

    Bai Juyi advocated the poetics of implicit criticism.However,there existed a paradox between Bai Juyi's poetics and his emotion in Eternal Regret Song,which characterized by the movement of emotion.Emperor Xuanzong was so indulged in Yang Kueifei that he neglected daily affairs,which depressed Bai Juyi at the beginning of the poetry.But he showed his dialectical sense of history when he described the death of Yang Kueifei.He thought they had only themselves to blame,but the inexorable history struck him at the same time.Bai Juyi showed his great sympathy when he described Xuanzong,who was in memory of Yang Kueifei.The love tragedy was deepened through Yang Kueifei's mirroring of Xuanzong's passion in the paragraph of necromancer's evocation.Poet's movement of emotion accompanied with purification of emotion,which expanded emotional depth by strategies of emotion variation and selective narration.%白居易主张"美刺"的诗学观,但在《长恨歌》中这一诗学原则与诗人情感发生了悖谬,表现为《长恨歌》中诗人情感的位移。诗开头诗人对玄宗溺女色荒朝政深感痛心;但描述杨妃之死却表现出辩证的历史感,既觉咎由自取,也深感历史无情;而后描写玄宗缅怀杨妃更是充满同情,方士招魂一段通过杨妃对玄宗情感的呼应而深化了这一爱情悲剧。诗人情感的位移又是与情感的纯化相伴随的,通过情感变异和选择性叙事等策略而加强了情感浓度。

  14. Characterizing the relationship between temperature and mortality in tropical and subtropical cities: a distributed lag non-linear model analysis in Hue, Viet Nam, 2009–2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tran Ngoc Dang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The relationship between temperature and mortality has been found to be U-, V-, or J-shaped in developed temperate countries; however, in developing tropical/subtropical cities, it remains unclear. Objectives: Our goal was to investigate the relationship between temperature and mortality in Hue, a subtropical city in Viet Nam. Design: We collected daily mortality data from the Vietnamese A6 mortality reporting system for 6,214 deceased persons between 2009 and 2013. A distributed lag non-linear model was used to examine the temperature effects on all-cause and cause-specific mortality by assuming negative binomial distribution for count data. We developed an objective-oriented model selection with four steps following the Akaike information criterion (AIC rule (i.e. a smaller AIC value indicates a better model. Results: High temperature-related mortality was more strongly associated with short lags, whereas low temperature-related mortality was more strongly associated with long lags. The low temperatures increased risk in all-category mortality compared to high temperatures. We observed elevated temperature-mortality risk in vulnerable groups: elderly people (high temperature effect, relative risk [RR]=1.42, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.11–1.83; low temperature effect, RR=2.0, 95% CI=1.13–3.52, females (low temperature effect, RR=2.19, 95% CI=1.14–4.21, people with respiratory disease (high temperature effect, RR=2.45, 95% CI=0.91–6.63, and those with cardiovascular disease (high temperature effect, RR=1.6, 95% CI=1.15–2.22; low temperature effect, RR=1.99, 95% CI=0.92–4.28. Conclusions: In Hue, the temperature significantly increased the risk of mortality, especially in vulnerable groups (i.e. elderly, female, people with respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. These findings may provide a foundation for developing adequate policies to address the effects of temperature on health in Hue City.

  15. Effects of Chaihu-Shugan-San and Shen-Ling-Bai-Zhu-San on p38 MAPK Pathway in Kupffer Cells of Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qin-He Yang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to investigate the effects of Chaihu-Shugan-San (CSS, Shen-Ling-Bai-Zhu-San (SLBZS, and integrated recipe of the above two recipes on inflammatory markers and proteins involved in p38 MAPK pathway in Kupffer cells of NASH rats induced by high fat diet (HFD. Rats were administered at low or high dose of CSS, SLBZS, and integrated recipe except normal group and model group for 16 weeks. The levels of hepatic lipid, TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6 in liver tissues were measured. Kupffer cells were isolated from livers to evaluate expressions of TLR4, p-p38 MAPK, and p38 MAPK by Western blotting. The results showed that the NASH model rats successfully reproduced typical pathogenetic and histopathological features. Levels of hepatic lipid and liver tissues inflammatory factors in high-dose SLBZS group and integrated recipe group were all lower than that of model group decreased observably. Expressions of TLR4, p-p38 MAPK, and p38 MAPK in Kupffer cells were decreased in all treatment groups, but there was no significant difference between treatment groups. The high-dose SLBZS group had the lowest expression levels of TLR4, and the most visible downtrend in the expression levels of p-p38 MAPK and p38 MAPK was found in the high-dose integrated recipe group. The ratio of p-p38 MAPK to total p38 MAPK protein was obviously increased in all treatment groups. Therefore, our study showed that the activation of p38 MAPK pathway in Kupffer cells might be related to the release of inflammatory factors such as TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6 in NASH rats. High dose of SLBZS and integrated recipe might work as a significant anti-inflammatory effect in Kupffer cells of NASH rats induced by HFD through suppression of p38 MAPK pathway. It indicated that p38 MAPK pathway may be the possible effective target for the recipes.

  16. Food Rituals for the Bai People’s Patron God in Shuanglang,Dali%大理双廊白族本主祭祀食事研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王斯

    2016-01-01

    白族有丰富的祭祀饮食文化,尚且缺乏深入的专项研究。本文以大理双廊为田野点,围绕红山本主巡境祭祀中的饮食事象,借鉴象征人类学的相关理论方法,分析红山本主的地方文本,呈现并解读其献祭仪式的行为方式和内部逻辑。研究认为巡境之前的准备实质上是对仪式空间和祭祀主体的净化;巡境途中的各司其职和行为规范实质是对族群集体记忆的建构与活化;巡境抵达之后献祭牺牲的过程实质是用动物替代人的献祭,完成与神癨的交换。献祭后的宴飨,既是分享福报,也是将人身上的死亡象征剥离出来,使人回归到世俗空间。%Bai people have abundant culture on food rituals,but a few specific researches on it. This paper based on the fieldwork in Shuanglang Town of Dali,focuses on foodways during their patron god pag-eant ceremony,displays and analyses people’s behavior and logic,with the theories and methodologies from Symbolic Anthropology,and local documents as well. Thus,it thinks the preparation before the pag-eant is essentially some purification for the ritual space and the people. Duties and regulations in the pag-eant are a construction and activation of their group memory. When get into the temple,the procedure of sacrifice is to kill animals instead of human,so as to complete the exchange with patron gods. In addition, the feast after sacrifice is not only sharing the blessings,but also pull people out of the death symbol and back to normal life.

  17. 白族本主崇拜与民族性特质的辩证关系探析%The Dialectic Relationships between the Local Deity-worship and the Bai's Traits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙侨兵

    2014-01-01

    The early 1930 s, some anthropologists represented by Mead began to study the relationships between culture and individual , and put forward a conclusion that culture can cultivate the "basic per-sonality"of each nation , which brought out a great impact on psychology and anthropology .The local de-ity-worship of Bai is a kind of belief with many characteristics , so to use Mead's theory to explain the di-alectic relationships between the traits of Bai and the Deity -worship will be of much importance to un-derstand and develop the diversified ethnic culture .%20世纪30年代初,以米德为代表的一些人类学家开始研究文化与个人关系,得出文化塑造各民族“基本人格”的结论,在心理学和人类学界造成很大影响。本主崇拜是白族的特色信仰,将米德的理论用于解释其与白族性特质的辩证关系,对理解和发展中国少数民族多元文化有重要的借鉴和实践意义。

  18. 浅谈李白诗歌英译的比较赏析及译者素养%A Comparative Study on English Versions of Li Bai's Poems and the Translators' Qualities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    呼媛玲

    2014-01-01

    Classical Chinese Poetry is the crystal ization of Chinese traditional culture and epitome of the Chinese ancient civilization. Li Bai's poems, on be-half of the Chinese ancient poems in Tang Dynasty, presented the style of simple forms, musical rhythm and variable themes. This thesis begins with the status and characteristics of Li Bai's poems, then it makes a comparative study on three English versions of his Night thoughts and The River Journey from White King City respectively. Final y, the thesis raised the relating qualities for translators.%中国古典诗歌是中国传统文化的结晶。以李白为代表的中国唐代古典诗歌形式简约、声律悦耳、题材丰富,在中国文学宝库中发挥着重要的作用。本文以李白诗歌的地位及特点为切入点,对《静夜思》和《早发白帝城》的三种译文进行比较赏析,对译者素养提出了相应的要求。

  19. 生态伦理学视阈下的大理白族传统水文化%A Study on the Traditional Water Culture of Bai Nationality in Dali from the Perspective of Ecological Ethics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何光群

    2014-01-01

    白族传统水文化中蕴含着丰富的生态伦理思想,在历史上对人与水的和谐关系之建构起过重要的作用。从物象、制度行为、精神三个层面对白族传统水文化所蕴含的生态伦理思想进行分析,可以为解决水危机,促进生态文明建设提供一定的借鉴作用。%Bai traditional water culture contains a wealth of ecological ethics thought, and played an important role in the construction of a harmonious relationship between man and water in the history. This paper analyzed the ecological ethics thoughts which are contained in the Bai traditional water culture from three levels:physical image, the system and behavior, and the spirit, so as to provide some references to solve water crisis and promote ecological civilization construction.

  20. 白先勇作品中的叙事时间与生命书写%The Narrative Time and the Writing of Life in Bai Xianyong's Works

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王冰

    2016-01-01

    Bai Xianyong��s works are full of intense and keen sense of time. The theme of his works, writing style, and layout all reveal the writer's sigh and worry for time and destiny. Bai Xianyong who uses a series of time techniques, such as backtracking, pause, misplaced, overlapping shows his superb writing skills of the narrative time. These writing skills not only increase the narrative capacity of the works, but also show that the writer is full of life experience of humanity care.%白先勇作品中充斥着强烈而敏锐的时间意识。其作品的主题思想、遣词造句的方式、谋篇布局的手法都流露出作家对时间和命运的喟叹与惆怅。白先勇在创作中展示了其驾驭时间的高超技巧,通过回溯、停顿、错置、重叠等一系列时间手法的娴熟运用,不仅增加了作品的叙事容量,也显示了作家充满生命体验的人性关怀。

  1. On lntergrowth of Witchcraft and Art in Nowadays Bai Villages from Perspective of Religion%当代白族乡村巫术与艺术共生的宗教维度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李世武

    2012-01-01

    当代白族乡村巫术艺术共生现象的研究不能在西方艺术考古学、艺术人类学或艺术哲学的学科范式内进行,“原始艺术”这一术语与当代白族乡村民间艺术之间是不可通约的。从宗教维度来阐释当代白族乡村巫术与艺术共生的现象,是将此现象视为一种社会行为,可以发现巫术、艺术、宗教等文化事象之间的微妙关系。%The study on the intergrowth of witchcraft and art in nowadays Bai people villages should not be done in the mode of western Artistic Archaeology, Anthropology of Art or Philosophy of Art. The term ' primitive art' is different from the art in contemporary Bai rural areas. Interpre- ting the intergrowth from religion regards the phenomena as a social behavior to discover the subtle relation between witchcraft, art and religion.

  2. Silicic Large Igneous Provinces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Scott Bryan

    2007-01-01

    @@ Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) are the end-product of huge additions of magma to the continental crust both at the surface and at depth. Since the first categorisation of LIPs by Coffin & Eldholm (1994), it has been recognised that LIPs are more varied inform, age and character, and this includes the recognition of Silicic LIPs. Silicic LIPs are the largest accumulations of primary volcaniclastic rocks at the Earth's surface with areal extents >0.1 Mkm2 and extrusive and subvolcanic intrusive volumes >0.25 Mkm3. The Late Palaeozoic to Cenozoic Silicic LIP events are the best recognised and are similar in terms of their dimension, crustal setting, volcanic architecture and geochemistry.

  3. 2.9, 2.36, and 1.96 Ga zircons in orthogneiss south of the Red River shear zone in Viet Nam: evidence from SHRIMP U-Pb dating and tectonothermal implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nam, Tran Ngoc; Toriumi, Mitsuhiro; Sano, Yuji; Terada, Kentaro; Thang, Ta Trong

    2003-05-01

    Orthogneissic rocks coexisting with migmatites and containing small amphibolite lenses are exposed in the center of the metamorphic belt which runs parallel to the Day Nui Con Voi-Red River shear zone in northern Viet Nam. The orthogneiss complex has given some radiogenic dates of Early Proterozoic and Late Archean, which are the oldest ages ever registered for the Southeast Asian continent. Zircon grains separated from three samples of the orthogneiss complex have been dated to establish the protolith age and the timing of high-grade tectonothermal events in the complex. Sixty-five SHRIMP U-Th-Pb analyses of these zircons define three age groups of 2.84-2.91, 2.36, and 1.96 Ga. The age groups correspond to three periods of zircon generation. The oldest ˜2.9 Ga cores indicate a minimum age for the protolith of the orthogneiss complex. Two younger generations (including ˜2.36 Ga outer-cores and ˜1.96 Ga rims) probably grew during later high-grade tectono-metamorphic events, which were previously suggested by K-Ar and 40Ar/ 39Ar cooling ages of ˜2.0 Ga for synkinematic hornblendes. An early thermal history of the orthogneiss complex has been constrained, including a primary magma-crystallization stage starting at ˜2.9 Ga, followed by two Early Proterozoic (˜2.36 and ˜1.96 Ga) high-grade tectonothermal events. The ca. 2.9 Ga protolith age of the orthogneiss complex documented in this study provides new convincing evidence for the presence of Archean rocks in Indochina, and clearly indicates that the crustal evolution of northern Viet Nam started as early as Late Archean time.

  4. Medicinal plants of Kermanshah province

    OpenAIRE

    Mostafa Nemati Paykani; Nastaran Jalilian

    2012-01-01

    In order to collect and determine medicinal plants of Kermanshah province, at first a list of medicinal plants and their localities was prepared based on the floristic list of the Kermanshah province mentioned as medicinal plants in the related references. Then, stands of the mentioned medicinal plants were referred according to the topographic maps and the extracted localities and after collecting medicinal plant specimens, herbarium specimens were prepared based on the traditional taxonomic...

  5. Artistic Origin and Development of the Tradition of Landscape Poems of LI Bai%论李白各体山水诗的艺术渊源及其对传统的发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Compared with five-character landscape poems of WANG Wei and MENG Hao-ran, there are very few seven-character landscape poems of GAO Shi, CEN Shen and WANG Chang-ling. How⁃ever, LI Bai before AN and SHI Riot writes landscape poems with styles such as five-character, five-character and eight-line, five-character and four-line, seven-character and four-line and seven-character poems, which achieve greatly artistically. Stylistically speaking, LI Bai explores most hard, extensively and change-fully in the writing of landscape poems in flourishing Tang Dynasty with unique origin and features and with different expression of tradition and innovation. The overall fea⁃tures are: first, they show individuality; secondly, they start from different types of literature and pur⁃sue musicality commonly. There contribute to the individuality of landscape poems of LI Bai and cast lasting influence on the posterity.%相对王维、孟浩然山水诗的成就主要在五言,高适、岑参、王昌龄等人七言写山水也很少,李白在安史之乱前就已广泛采用五古、五律、五绝、七绝、七言歌行等体裁来表现山水主题,并且取得了很高的艺术成就。从体裁入手考察其山水诗,可以说李白是盛唐诗人中在山水诗创作方面用力最勤、开掘最广、变创最多的诗人。李白各体山水诗都有其独特的渊源与风格特点,在承与变、承与创之间有不同的表现。而总的特点有二:一是充分地表现个性,二是从各自的体裁特点出发,共同体现对音乐性的追求。二者构成李白山水诗不同于盛唐诸家的独特个性,而且对后世山水诗艺术影响深远。

  6. 韩、白对中唐寒燠异常的不同感知与书写%The Diverse Perceptions and Writings on Temperature Disorder in Han Yu and Bai Juyi's Poetry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖美玉

    2013-01-01

    The records of temperature disorder appear in Xin Tang Shu several times . The first one was marked in 659 A . D . Then , numerous extreme weathers were noted in the middle period of the Tang Dynasty . There was heavy snow in March , serious drought in the summer , and especially the sudden snow in August and chilly weather in the spring through 820 to 821 A .D .Interestingly ,the perceptions and the writings of temperature disorder in Tang poetry is opposite to the record in Xin Tang Shu .If we examine the poetry of Han Yu and Bai Juyi ,we can find that their writings of climatic variation did not match with the Xin Tang Shu . Besides , Han Yu and Bai Juyi seemed to perceive the temperature diversely . Therefore , this paper aimed at the diverse perceptions of Han Yu and Bai Juyi . With the study on the poets'sensitivity and capacity for the climatic variation ,it helps reflect on the connection between“Lyrical T radition”and climatic variation .%《新唐书·五行志》所录唐代寒燠异常现象,首见于显庆四年(659),至中唐时期(765-835)而明显加剧,除了贞元十九年(803)的三月大雪、夏季亢旱、秋天早霜,甚至在元和十五年(820)至长庆元年(821)先后出现了三月雹、八月雪、仲春二月海水冰的寒燠异常极端气候。与《五行志》的记载相比较,中唐诗人的寒/燠感知与书写,整体而言,未能充分反映当时剧烈的寒燠异常现象,并且集中在白居易与韩愈两大家身上。藉由韩愈、白居易对寒/燠的同时异感,探讨诗人对自然环境变迁议题的敏感度与掌握能力,以期能对诗歌的抒情传统与自然环境的变迁有所回应。

  7. Do canopy disturbances drive forest plantations into more natural conditions? — A case study from Can Gio Biosphere Reserve, Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogt, Juliane; Kautz, Markus; Fontalvo Herazo, Martha Liliana; Triet, Tran; Walther, Denny; Saint-Paul, Ulrich; Diele, Karen; Berger, Uta

    2013-11-01

    Large areas of mangrove forests were devastated in South Viet Nam during the second Indochina war. After its end in 1975, extensive reforestation with monocultures took place. Can Gio, one of the biggest replanted sites with about 20,000 ha of mangroves mainly Rhizophora apiculata, was declared a biosphere reserve by the UNESCO in 2000. Although this status now enables progressive forest dynamics, there are still drawbacks resulting from the unnatural character of the plantations. For example, the homogeneous size and age structure as well as the regular arrangement of the planted trees make larger forest stands more vulnerable to synchronized collapsing which can be triggered by stronger winds and storms. A transformation into a more natural forest characterized by a heterogeneous age and size structure and a mixed species composition is of urgent need to avoid a synchronized dieback. In this study we test the capability of natural canopy disturbances (e.g. lightning strikes) to facilitate this transformation.Canopy gaps created by lightning strikes were detected and quantified by remote sensing techniques. SPOT satellite images from the years 2003, 2005 and 2007 provided information about the spatial distribution, size, shape, and formation frequency of the gaps. Lightning strike gaps were identified based on their shape and size. They form small openings (mean: 0.025 ha) and their yearly probability of occurrence was determined to be approximately 0.012 per hectare. Selected gaps were surveyed in the field in 2008 to complement the remote sensing data and to provide information upon forest structure and regeneration.Simulation experiments were carried out with the individual-based KiWi mangrove model for quantifying the influence of different lightning regimes on the vertical and horizontal structure of the R. apiculata plantation. In addition, we conducted simulations with a natural and thus randomly generated forest to compare the structure of the two

  8. Research on the Prevention and Control of Dengue by Using Mosquito Repellent lncense in Hai Hung Province, Viet Nam%越南Hai Hung省使用蚊香防治登革出血热的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Nsuyen ThuyHoa; 郑剑; 姜志宽

    2001-01-01

    目的:防治传播登革出血热的媒介;方法:使用棒状蚊香在Hai Hung省进行现场灭蚊实验;结果:使用蚊香棒后蚊虫密度明显下降,7 h三个实验现场Ngugen Trai,Phu Luogn,Hong Thai蚊虫密度(只/h)分别为2.80,1.45,1.40;结论:蚊香棒使用简便、省时、省钱,是一个较好的防治蚊虫的剂型.

  9. On the new geographic perspectives and sentiment of high moral character of geographer Bai Meichu in modern China%我国近代地理学开创者白眉初的新地理观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴凤鸣

    2011-01-01

    白眉初(1876-1940)是我国近代地理学家,是中国地理学发展史上,从古代地理常识向近代科学地理学发展阶段新地理观的倡导者之一。他最早提出地理学研究要着重于人地关系因素;认为地理学是一门具有宏观性、时效性、社会功能性的学科。白眉初的《地理哲学》一书,比较系统地反映了他的地理学思想。他主要负责编辑的《地学杂志》,为中国地球科学的发展留下了珍贵的文献。%This essay is to explore the story of opening up new geographic perspectives, ac ademic thoughts and sentiment of lofty moral character of Professor Bai Meichu, a geogra pher in modern China. Bai Meichu (1876-1940), geographer in modern China, was a teacher of Tianjin Zhili Women's Normal School, which is the predecessor of Hebei Normal University in the 1920-1930s. Then he became a professor of Beijing Women's Normal University and Beijing Normal University, and was engaged in the position of the Dean of the Geography Department of Beijing Normal University. Bai Meichu was studious and gifted since early childhood and became a Xiucai at the age of 15 before he attended the Jingsheng College. He devoted himself to intensive reading of Shan Hal Jing, Yu Gong, Han · Geography, Shui Jing Zhu, Xu Xia Ke You Ji and other ancient geographical books. In 1905, he attended the Beiyang Normal School and majored in geography, and was honored to be a Juren for his particularly prominent achievements. He was one of the initiators of China Geography Society in 1909, and became the Director of Editorial Board in 1913. He wrote some valuable manuscripts and historical data for earth sciences in China and acted as the editor-in-chief of Earth Sciences Journal for over 25 years. Bai Meichu was rich in writing all his life. Besides more than 10 professional papers published in Earth Sciences Journal, he had several influential books, including Provincewide Records over

  10. 白首乌中C21甾总苷盐酸水解条件的优化%Study on Optimization of the Hydrolysis Process of C21 Steroidal Glycoside of Bai Shou Wu by Hydrochloric Acid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵鑫; 沈舒; 李友宾

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the optimization of hydrolysis process of C21 steroidal glycoside of Bai Shou Wu by hydrochloric acid. Methods The effects of hydrochloric acid concentration, reaction temperature and reaction time had been investigated using orthogonal design with caudatin-3-O-β-D-cymaropyranosyl content as the index. Results The optimum hydrolysis condition was as follows: refluxing for 5 h with 50 mL of 0.5% dilute HCl solution at 60 ℃. Conclusion The content of active ingredients in general steroidal glycosides of Bai Shou Wu under the optimum hydrolysis condition is raised obviously and has a great part in improving anti-tumor activity.%目的 研究白首乌C21甾总苷盐酸水解的最优水解条件.方法 采用正交试验法,考察水解时间、水解温度、盐酸浓度等因素对告达庭-3-O-β-D-磁麻糖苷含量的影响.结果 影响盐酸水解的最优水解条件为:0.5%盐酸溶液,60℃加热回流5 h.结论 优化的水解条件能明显提高白首乌总苷中有效成分的含量,对进一步研究白首乌总苷抗肿瘤活性的增强具有一定意义.

  11. The Effect of Sprang "Shan Bai Song" Soft Improver on Small Watermelon is Remarkable%小型西瓜喷施“山佰松”士壤改良剂效果研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于庆; 吕娟; 侯庶恪; 王雪; 祈福盛

    2012-01-01

    “山佰松”(サンバィォ·エ-ス)土壤改良剂由日本东洋商社生产,是利用磁软化水和天然微生物合成的纯天然生物制剂,内含8种天然氨基酸、17种乳酸茵和多种单分子糖等,能改善土壤物理性状,提高土壤肥力,保水抗旱,降低发病率,使植株生长稳健,提高农产品质量和产量。在保护地小型西瓜应用“山佰松”土壤改良剂,试验结果显示土壤物理性状得到改善,小西瓜的生育性状、抗病性、产量及效益均可显著提高。%" Shan Bai Song " (サンバィォ·エ-ス) soil improver by Japanese Oriental trading company production was made of magnetic water softener and natural microbes in the synthesis of pure natural biological agents, which contained eight natural amino acid, 17 kinds of lactic acid bacteria and a variety of single molecule sugar. It could improve soil physical properties, increase soil fertility, drought resistance of water, reduce the incidence of a disease, make plant growth robust, improve agricultural product quality and output. The application in crops achieved remarkable effect. The application of "Shah Bai Song" soil improver on small watermelon in protected plantation had notable effect.

  12. Cultural Connotation of the Decorative Art in the Benzhu Temple of Bai Nationality%白族本主庙装饰艺术的文化内涵

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    饶峻姝; 饶峻妮

    2012-01-01

    本主庙是白族宗教文化最典型的物质形态,内容丰富、雕饰精美,集中体现了白族建筑中高度成熟的建筑、雕刻、彩绘、书画艺术技巧,也反映了少数民族文化与原始宗教文化、汉文化、周边少数民族地域文化在建筑中的交融与叠合。本主庙借助建筑外观形式、装饰、色彩等要素,用独特的语言形式表达丰富而深邃的文化信息,主要表现在敬神礼人,以人为本;求吉祈福,乐天安命;文化整合,雅俗共赏三个方面。%Benzhu temple is the most typical physical form of religious culture for Bai nationality, inside which the cultural content is rich and the sculpture is exquisite. Benzhu temple is the concentrated reflection of Bai people's highly matured skills in building, carving, colored drawing, handwriting and painting. It also reflects the cultural blending of the ethnic minorities primitive religions, Han people, and the neighboring minority regions in architecture. Through the appearance, decoration and colour of the building and with unique language form, Benzhu temple conveys rich and profound cultural messages, which emphasize three aspects: god and man, praying and fate, and cultural integration.

  13. Biomass Business Opportunities Viet Nam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zwebe, D. [SNV Netherlands Development Organisation, Ha Noi (Viet Nam)

    2012-03-15

    The goal of this survey is to provide a more specific and integral perspective in which niches, relevant policy development by the Vietnamese government, legislation and sustainability criteria are clearly addressed to benefit both the Dutch Private sector as well as to stimulate Dutch-Vietnamese cooperation and support the Vietnamese government in its search for tangible options to develop the desired enabling environment for a sustainable biomass/biofuel market. The following activities are defined to be executed to reach the goal of the project: Biomass availability in Vietnam (Chapter 2); Government of Vietnam and Energy (Chapter 3); The opportunities and barriers to enter the market in Vietnam (Chapter 4 and 5); Stakeholder analysis of the bio-energy sector (Chapter 6); and Recommendations (Chapter 7)

  14. Strategy of converting Jiangsu Province A Foreign-trade Large Province into A Foreign-trade Strong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

      Jiangsu Province, after executing economic internationalization strategy and establishing the strategic goal of foreign-trade strong province,meaning to pursue a dominating position in the foreign trade relations, has become one of the foreign-trade large provinces of China and provided considerable international competitive power in some important fields.……

  15. Strategy of converting Jiangsu Province A Foreign-trade Large Province into A Foreign-trade Strong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Jiangsu Province, after executing economic internationalization strategy and establishing the strategic goal of foreign-trade strong province,meaning to pursue a dominating position in the foreign trade relations, has become one of the foreign-trade large provinces of China and provided considerable international competitive power in some important fields.

  16. Fjve Ways to Revive Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Construction of development zones along the Liaoning Province coastline could be the next big attraction for multinational investors Though the infrastructure is still under construction, Li Wancai, Vice Governor of Liaoning Province, is highly confident about the future of

  17. Research on Population Prediction of Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shuang; YU; Guang; LI

    2013-01-01

    In accordance with population development of Guizhou Province in 1977-2007,this paper adopts natural growth method,model prediction method and gray system GM (1,1) model prediction method to predict population of Guizhou Province in 2020. On the basis of overall consideration of many factors of population development and future development trend of Guizhou Province,it analyzes advantages and disadvantages of three prediction methods,and obtains the prediction value of total population of Guizhou Province in 2020.

  18. "Yang Bai-lao" piano accompaniment in the opera "white-haired girl"%论歌剧《白毛女》唱段《杨白劳》的钢琴伴奏演绎

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋艳

    2015-01-01

    《白毛女》是诞生于新中国成立后我国第一部歌剧作品,具有十分珍贵的艺术价值,它的创作涵盖了多种民族民间音乐形式,展现出鲜明的民族化特点。黎英海以钢琴为伴奏乐器所改编的唱段《杨白劳》深入民心,其钢琴伴奏部分更是发挥着情景交融的重要作用。本文阐述了歌剧《白毛女》的作品风貌,在了解黎英海音乐创作风格的基础上,对其改编的唱段《杨白劳》钢琴伴奏处理进行研究,将钢琴与声乐、剧情相结合,达到恰当运用钢琴配合声乐,延展剧情的学术目的。%"The white-haired girl" is after the founding of new China's first opera works, has the extremely precious artistic value, its creation covers a variety of ethnic folk music form, show a distinct national characteristics. Li Ying adapted by sea for piano accompaniment instrument aria "Yang Bai-lao sink in the piano part but also the important role of play a scene. This paper expounds the work style of the opera "white-haired girl", in understanding Li Ying sea music style, on the basis of the adaptation of the aria Yang Bai-lao piano accompaniment processing is studied, combining the piano and vocal music, drama, achieve proper use piano with vocal music, extending the academic purpose of plot.

  19. Hometown·Ecology·Literature---On Bai Zhongde′s Prose%家园·生态·文学--论白忠德的散文创作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋宁刚

    2015-01-01

    白忠德的散文创作,从自己的故乡开始,至今都紧紧围绕地理、情感、文学三重意义上的故乡和家园,《摘朵迎春花送你》《回望农民》《佛坪等你来》等散文集无不如此。他最新的两部散文集《斯世佛坪》和《我的秦岭邻居》,前者从情感上仍是“走不出这片土地”的延续,后者则在延续的同时进入“生态散文”这一新的领域。不过,其中也潜藏着需要注意的危险。无论如何,散文作为一种文学体裁,不能以某种类型来自我限制,而应当立足于文学,关注属于文学性本身的那些要素,尤其是微妙的细节,这是包括白忠德在内的所有写作者都应首先了然的。%Bai Zhongde′s prose, such as Picking Up A Winter Jasmine For You, Reflecting on Peasants, Foping Waiting for You, is closely related to his hometown from the perspective of goepraphy,emotion and literarture. His latest prose are Foping Memory and My Qinling Neighbour. The former is the emotional continuation of ″belonging to this land″ while the latter enters a new area of ″ecological prose″with that continuation. However, there is somehting to notice. Prose, as a literary genre, can not limit it′s development by a certain genre but should focus on elements of literature itself, especially on subtle details, which all writers should learn about at first, including Bai Zhongde.

  20. Neotectonics in the maritime provinces

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seismic risk assessment in the Maritime Provinces requires input from not just historical, but also geological sources. A detailed search through published and unpublished geological literature reveals many examples - some probable, some possible -of neotectonic movement in the area. Examples range in tectonic significance from those that reflect exaggerated local imbalance to those that signify deep-seated stress. Evidence for neotectonism in the Maritimes is multidisciplined. It includes deformation in bedrock and quaternary deposits, and regional warping. Recent movement also is indicated by changes in relative sea level, in situ stress fields and geodetic fluctuations. Finally, and most unequivocally, neotectonism in the Maritime Provinces is manifested as the seismic events that have sporadically affected the area throughout its recent geological history, and continue up to the present day. 288 refs

  1. Comparison of Body Mass Index (BMI, Body Adiposity Index (BAI, Waist Circumference (WC, Waist-To-Hip Ratio (WHR and Waist-To-Height Ratio (WHtR as predictors of cardiovascular disease risk factors in an adult population in Singapore.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin Chih Chiang Lam

    Full Text Available Excess adiposity is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia. Amongst the various measures of adiposity, the best one to help predict these risk factors remains contentious. A novel index of adiposity, the Body Adiposity Index (BAI was proposed in 2011, and has not been extensively studied in all populations. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to compare the relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI, Waist Circumference (WC, Waist-to-Hip Ratio (WHR, Waist-to-Height Ratio (WHtR, Body Adiposity Index (BAI and CVD risk factors in the local adult population.This is a cross sectional study involving 1,891 subjects (Chinese 59.1% Malay 22.2%, Indian 18.7%, aged 21-74 years, based on an employee health screening (2012 undertaken at a hospital in Singapore. Anthropometric indices and CVD risk factor variables were measured, and Spearman correlation, Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC curves and multiple logistic regressions were used. BAI consistently had the lower correlation, area under ROC and odd ratio values when compared with BMI, WC and WHtR, although differences were often small with overlapping 95% confidence intervals. After adjusting for BMI, BAI did not further increase the odds of CVD risk factors, unlike WC and WHtR (for all except hypertension and low high density lipoprotein cholesterol. When subjects with the various CVD risk factors were grouped according to established cut-offs, a BMI of ≥23.0 kg/m2 and/or WHtR ≥0.5 identified the highest proportion for all the CVD risk factors in both genders, even higher than a combination of BMI and WC.BAI may function as a measure of overall adiposity but it is unlikely to be better than BMI. A combination of BMI and WHtR could have the best clinical utility in identifying patients with CVD risk factors in an adult population in Singapore.

  2. Izglītības ilgtspējīgai attīstībai pamatprincipi ģeogrāfijas apguvē pamatskolā

    OpenAIRE

    Saulīte, Elza

    2016-01-01

    Izglītība ilgtspējīgai attīstībai (IIA) ir būtiska mūsdienu izglītības satura sastāvdaļa, kuras realizēšanu nosaka vairāki reglamentējoši dokumenti. Šajā pētījumā akcentēta ilgtspējīgas attīstības nozīme, pētīti gan globālie, gan Latvijas politiskie dokumenti, kuri attiecas uz IIA mācīšanu ģeogrāfijas mācību priekšmetā 7. – 9. klasei, īsi aprakstītas nozīmīgākās IIA tēmas, veikta 9. klašu skolēnu un ģeogrāfijas skolotāju anketēšana, lai noskaidrotu vai skolās māca par klimata pārmaiņām un eko...

  3. A Brief Discussion of Poetic Language Theory in Zong Bai-hua's Life Poetics%略论宗白华生命诗学的诗语言说

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王兴

    2012-01-01

    诗语言说是宗白华生命诗学的核心理论之一。宗白华强调语言是诗的灵魂和肉体,主张“妙造”语言论和形、质统一论。这些现点突出了语言在诗中的核心地位及诗的审荧本质属性,明确了“妙造”语言美的诗体本质特性,反对片面的语言工具论,对中国现代诗学的健康发展做出了贡献。%emphasizes that Poetic language theory is one of the core theories of Zong Bai-hua's life poetics. Zong Baihua language is the soul and body of poems. He advocates "well-turned" language and the unity of form and essence. These views highlight the core status of language of poetry and make it clear that the beauty of "well-turned" and Zong Baihua opposes the lopsided healthy development of modem Chinese in poetry and the aesthetic essential attribute language is the essential feature of the poetic style language tool theory. Zong Baihua has made a great contribution to the poetics.

  4. 试论白族本主信仰中的生态伦理思想%Analysis:Ecological Ethics in the Local Gods belief from Bai Ethic Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    饶峻姝; 李珍明

    2014-01-01

    Ecological ethics of the Local Gods belief among Bai ethnic group is the unique phenomenon of religion and culture and it has a very distinct characteristics and rich connotation of folk belief. The Local Gods belief contains rich ecological ethics thoughts deeply. Carding and studying its rational Ecological ethics and revealing the connection between the cultural existence and ecological protection provide important spiritual resources for the construction of the modern ecological ethics ,as well as practical wisdom and humanistic care for the consistent customs of the civil society and public spiritual settlement.%本主信仰是白族特有的一种宗教文化现象,是一种极具鲜明特色和丰富内涵的民族民间信仰。本主信仰中蕴含着丰富深刻的生态伦理思想,梳理和研究其中所含有的合理生态伦理思想,阐释文化生存与生态保护的内在关联,为生态伦理的现代建构提供重要的精神资源,也为民间社会的整齐风俗与民众的精神安顿提供实践智慧和人文关怀。

  5. 广西白裤瑶族40岁以上人群的血脂水平调查%Serum lipids levels in subjects aged 40 years and over in the Guangxi Bai Ku Yao population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李牡艳; 尹瑞兴; 潘尚领; 林伟雄; 杨德寨; 李树全

    2008-01-01

    目的 了解广西白裤瑶族40岁及以上人群的血脂水平. 方法 采用分层随机整群抽样方法对485例白裤瑶族40岁及以上人群的饮食摄入量、生活习惯等进行流行病学调查,对血压、身高、体质量、体质指数(BMI)、腰围、血脂及载脂蛋白(apo)进行测定,并将结果与501例当地的汉族人群进行比较. 结果 白裤瑶族的文化程度、身高、体质量、腰围、血压、高脂血症患病率以及总能量、总脂肪、总蛋白质、食物胆固醇和食盐的摄入量明显低于汉族(P0. 05). Conclusions There are significant differences in lipids levels and the risk factors between Bai Ku Yao and Han populations, which might result from different dietary habits, life styles, and physical activities.

  6. On Personality Colors of LI Bai and DU Fu from the Non-equivalences in their Friendship%从李白、杜甫的不对等友谊分析其性格色彩

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余成玖

    2012-01-01

    李白和杜甫是大唐盛世中耀眼的双子星座,他们本都有着自然的红色性格。但后天迥异的际遇促使他们本来相同的红色性格色彩发生了偏离,从而造就了他们不对等的友谊关系。本文通过对两人友谊关系的解读,论证二人的性格色彩,并简要分析杜甫的压抑红色性格衍变的原因。%Li Bai and Du Fu is two of the brightest stars in Tang dynasty, they all were endowed with optimistic red character. But their life experience were different and changed their characters respectively, thus giving birth to their unequal friendship. Based on the friendship between them, interpretation was conducted to demonstrate their personality colors, and to give a brief analysis of Du Fu's character evolution which suppressed his red optimism.

  7. Action of ZhiBai DiHuang Pill on the Levels of FSH and T of Rats with Sexual Precocity%知柏地黄丸对性早熟模型大鼠FSH、T水平的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴丽萍; 李玉霞; 尚菁; 吕晓武

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To discuss the action of ZhiBai DiHuang pill on testosterone (T) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) of rats suffering from sexual precocity. Method:All 50 rats were randomized into five groups, ten rats each group. Animal models were established by the method of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA). The levels of T and FSH were detected through radioimmunoassay respectively. Result:The difference had statistical meaning in the levels of FSH and T from the comparison between model group and blank group, high dosage and low dosage groups of ZhiBai DiHuang pill (P<0.05). It demonstrated that ZhiBai DiHuang pill could lower the levels of T and FSH;the difference had statistical meaning in the levels of T and FSH when low dosage group was compared with high and moderate dosage groups of ZhiBai DiHuang pill (P<0.05), it presented that ZhiBai DiHuang pill and regulating the levels of T and FSH showed the dose-effect relationship. Conclusion: ZhiBai DiHuang pill could inhibit the incidence of sexual precocity in female rat caused by NMDA and the expressions of T and FSH of rat model. We speculate that ZhiBai DiHuang pill could regulate hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis of model rat.%目的:探讨知柏地黄丸对雌性真性性早熟大鼠垂体分泌的卵泡刺激素(FHS)、性腺分泌的睾酮(T)水平的影响。方法:将26日龄雌性SPF级SD大鼠50只随机分为5组,每组10只。采用N-甲基-D-天冬氨酸(NMDA)方法诱发建立性早熟动物模型,分别用放免法测定血清FSH、T水平。结果:模型组与空白组、知柏地黄丸大、中剂量组大鼠血清FSH及T水平比较,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05),说明知柏地黄丸可降低性早熟大鼠血清FSH,T水平;小剂量组与大、中剂量组血清FSH,T水平比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),说明知柏地黄丸调节性早熟大鼠血清FSH,T水平存在量效关系。结论:知柏地黄丸可抑制NMDA诱发雌性

  8. Water flood compatibility analysis and anti-scale measures of Jurassic oil well in bai bao oilfield%白豹油田侏罗系油井注水配伍性分析与防垢治理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈香; 胡恒; 刘祥

    2015-01-01

    油田开发进入注水开发阶段,由于压力、温度等条件的变化以及水的热力学不稳定性和化学不相容性,往往造成注水地层、油套管、井下、地面设备及集输管线出现结垢。井筒结垢易导致泵阀漏失、卡泵等一系列问题。针对白豹油田侏罗系油井结垢问题日益突出的情况,主要通过侏罗系油井注入水、地层水水质及垢质等的分析,从化学配伍性角度探索侏罗系油井结垢机理及防垢措施,为侏罗系油井注水开发提供参考。%Water injection formation, oil casing, underground and ground equipment and gathering lines are in scale when oil field development was in water flood stage because of the change of conditions such as pressure and temperature, the thermodynamic instability and chemical incompatibility. Wellbore scale easily results in a series of problem as leakage of pump valve and stuck pump. To the increasing prominent problem of Jurassic oil well scaling in Bai Bao oil field, scaling mechanism and scale prevention measures were investigate from chemical compatibility through the analysis of the injection water of Jurassic oil well, the quality of formation water and the scaling aim at providing reference for the water flood development of the Jurassic oil well.

  9. A Flower of Nihilism in Multiple Paradoxes-A Review of Bai Yue’s Prose Poetry AnthologyNaivete%悖论中的虚无之花--评白月的散文诗集《天真》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙丽君

    2016-01-01

    in the face of the real world which is torn and sutured, Bai Yue discusses “existence” in a way of paradox, and tries bringing“dipolar” things into the architecture of “unity of opposites” in a "naive" attitude. The prose poetry anthology Naivete reveals the living plight of modern people with the paradox of birth and death, life and choice, among which, the interconversion of birth and death, the alienation of human beings, the noneffective choice and the dramatic life reveal the absurdity and nothingness of existence effectively. In a sense, Naivete is a lfower of nihilism in multiple paradoxes.%面对现实世界的撕裂与弥合,白月以悖论的方式展开了对存在问题的探讨,并以一种“天真”的姿态试图将处于两极的事物纳入到对立统一的架构之中。散文诗集《天真》以生死、人生以及选择的悖论揭示了现代人的生存困境,其中,生与死的互化、人自身的异化、选择的无效性以及戏剧化的人生都有力地渲染了存在的荒诞性与虚无性,从某种意义上而言,散文诗《天真》是一朵多重悖论中的虚无之花。

  10. Weak Struggle and Hopeless Redemption——The Meaning of Bai Hu Guan by Xue Mo%无力的挣扎与无望的救赎——雪漠的《白虎关》释义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何清

    2011-01-01

    Although there are quite a few works portraying the rural themes in recent years,few works have really touched on the heavy burden of survival and the miseries of the spirits of rural people.However,the deep concerns Xue Mo has showed for the Northwest countryside have revealed the disintegration of traditional values and the resultant chaos in a transitional period in the society.The metaphor of Bai Hu Guan or The White Tiger Pass is a contagious s virus that nobody can be immune to,while the difficulty of the rural people's existence and the struggle to get out of it demonstrate their efforts to redeem themselves both physically and spiritually,and the tragic end is already clear that they are unable to redeem themselves.%尽管这些年描写农村题材的作品不在少数,但真正触及农民生存之重与精神之痛的却不多,而雪漠对西北农村的关切道出了社会转型中乡土传统的崩解与由此而生的乱象。《白虎关》的隐喻是一个蔓延而至无法免疫的病毒,农民生存的艰难与渴望摆脱困境的苦苦挣扎,表现在物质和精神两个层面做着自我救赎的努力,悲剧性的结局已然是无力自救的注解。

  11. 长白山区极北蝰生态标本制作与保养技术的研究%Study on ecological specimens making and maintenance technology of Vipera berus in ChangBai Mountains

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王卓聪; 王群; 王超; 马宏宇; 罗玉梅; 黄丽雅; 张睿

    2014-01-01

    以长白山区极北蝰为对象,进行生态标本制作与保养技术的研究,结果表明:利用乙醇代替乙醚进行活体处死,即经济又环保;剥制时应特别注意眼球及肛门处,以免损坏皮肤;用小苏打粉代替苯酚进行防腐处理,效果相同且无毒负作用;用3根铅丝代替2根铁丝作为支架,使标本更接近于原生态,也更为牢固;用长白山区的红花、细辛、杜香等中草药进行标本的防腐驱虫保养,效果好于化学制剂。%Research on ecological specimens making and maintenance technology of Vipera berus was proceeded , results showed that living body sacrificed was conducted by using ethyl alcohol instead of diethyl ether , which were both economic and environmental protection .When dissected specimens , paied special attention to eye and anus to avoid damage to the skin;there were same effects without poison , when antiseptic treatment proceeded by using baking soda instead of phenol . Using 3 plumbum wires instead of 2 irons wire as the scaffold to specimen was more close to original ecology and more se-cure.Anticorrosion deworming maintenance effects of safflower , asarum and Ledum palustre, L.vat was better than chemi-cal agent in ChangBai Mountains .

  12. Research on the Cross-border Industrialization of Agriculture between China and Viet Nam%中越跨境农业产业化研究-以广西龙州与越南下琅地方政府合作建设越南甘蔗基地为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何有良; 刘婵婵

    2012-01-01

    The development of cross-border agricultural industrialization of China Longzhou sugar refinery and Viet Nam' s sugarcane grower, is under the leading of the inhabitants, and the cooperation between the Government of Longzhou County in Guangxi and Viet Nam enamel. This paper analyzes the mechanism of transnational border local government cooperation. Then it makes the conclusion that cross-border local government cooperation will help to pro- mote economic growth, social develooment and enterorise efficiency and improvement in living standards of the people.%中国龙州糖厂+越南下琅蔗农的跨境农业产业化,是在边民的先导下,在广西龙州县政府与越南下琅县政府合作推动下发展起来的。论文分析了边境跨国地方政府合作的机理,认为跨境地方政府合作有助于促进边境地区经济增长、社会发展和企业经济效益、人民生活水平提高,在此基础上,提出了进一步推进中越跨境农业产业化的政策建议。

  13. 社会性别结社中的白族传统体育——以大理茈碧地区为例%Bai Ethnic Traditional Sports in the Gender-based Organizations --Taking Cibi Township in Dali for Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗红

    2011-01-01

    大理茈碧各村的白族有着按年龄层次不同的社会性别结社;打歌、赛龙舟、游泳等民族传统体育项目是构成社会性别结社的主要活动之一;白族传统体育活动增强了族群团结和族群认同,也进一步丰富了社会性别结社的内容、促进了社会性别结社的健康发展。白族传统体育活动与社会性别结社的良性互动,有利于建设稳定、和谐的白族农村社区,是加快社会整合和民族传统体育发展的不可或缺的重要内容。%The Bai Nationality has social gender association as different age groupings in Cibi TQwnship. Ethnic traditional sports such as Dage, Boatrace and Swimming are the main activities of gender-based organizations. These traditional sports strengthen the national unity and identity, and enrich content and promote positive development of the gender-based organizations. It is very important for the beneficial interaction between Bai ethnic traditional sports and gender-based organizations to accelerate social integration and ethnic traditional sports development, which is conducive to social stability and harmony in Bai ethnic community.

  14. Positive Interaction in Political Life between Tantric Buddhism and Bai Ancestors in Nan Zhao and Dali Kingdom Period%南诏大理国时期佛教密宗与白族先民政治生活的积极互动

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周俊华; 雷信来; 赵金元

    2011-01-01

    Tantric Buddhism has reconstructed the concept of ethnic identity and played a role in the integration of the Bai culture to form the ancient Bai community after it was introduced into the Erhai lake region. It is an important social cultural force for ethnic groups in Erhai region to leap from pre-country period to country period and it remains a positive interactive tool among countries and ethnic groups in Nan Zhao period. Tantric Buddhism in Dali area has combined the political authority, the local culture and the secular society with the corresponding monks and the monk organization. The mutual grafting, absorbing and fusing of Buddhism, Confucianism and Bai culture produce Confucianism Buddhism. The different social roles of Confucianism Buddhist, Confucian Entrepreneurs and squire in different historical periods, shed much light on their own values and functions in the Bai ethnic community.%佛教密宗在洱海地区的传入,重新建构了洱海地区各部族的民族认同观念,为白族先民共同体的形成发挥了文化凝聚的功能,是洱海地区各部族从前国家社会跃进到国家的重要文化力量,成为南诏时期国家与民族之间实现积极互动的工具。佛教密宗在大理地区形成了与政治权威结合、与本土文化融合、与世俗社会结构对应的僧侣和僧团组织;释儒阶层的产生是佛教、儒教与白族本土文化相互嫁接、吸收、融合的产物,从释儒到儒商,再到乡绅,其在不同历史时期演化为不同的社会角色,在白族社会彰显自身价值和作用。

  15. Potential uranium provinces in some arabian countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work represents an attempt to delineate potential uranium provinces in some Arabian countries using various related recognition criteria. Definition of these provinces is based on the available geologic and tectonic setting beside geochronological sequence and some geochemical characteristics. This trial would be of a great help for interchanging the ideas and necessary data for the development in the fields of uranium exploration and production. As a result of this study, a number of promising potential uranium provinces are recommended in some arabian countries. 5 figs

  16. Geologic Provinces of the Arctic, 2000 (prvarcst)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This coverage includes arcs, polygons and polygon labels that describe Arctic portion of the U.S. Geological Survey defined geologic provinces of the World in 2000.

  17. Odonata collected in Hainan and Guangdong Provinces, China in 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Garrison, Rosser W.; Cordero-Rivera, Adolfo; Zhang, Haomiao

    2015-01-01

    A three week trip to Hainan and Guangdong provinces was conducted between 26 May and 11 June 2014, sampling odonates within the vicinity of Diaoluoshan National Nature Reserve, Shuimanxing Village (both Hainan Province) and Nankunshan Nature Reserve (Guangdong Province). Additionally, Cordero and Zhang collected at Shuimanxing Village between 13 and 23 June. A total of 103 species in 78 genera were found for Hainan Province and 51 species in 42 genera in Guangdong Province. Lists of all spec...

  18. Nature and Environment of the Hainan Province of China

    OpenAIRE

    MO,TINGHUI

    2009-01-01

    Hainan island enjoys a long history, but Hainan province is the youngest province of the People's Republic of China. The province has the smallest land area but the biggest ocean area of any province in China. As the largest island of Hainan province, Hainan island, like a pearl, is mounted in the vast blue water of South China Sea. With tropical resort resources, Hainan island has radiant sunshine, soft sandy beaches, blowing sea breeze, the relaxing and healthy spa, wonderful folkways of mi...

  19. Economic Periodicity Analysis of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Zhaode; Yao Lili; Sun Jinfang; Yu Wei

    2008-01-01

    The paper analyses the periodical characteristics of the economic development of Shandong Province by using the mini-mum variation analysis model. The analysis shows that the eco-nomic development process of Shandong Province has short, medium and long cycles respectively for 6, 12, 19 years, and the fluctuation of the economic development becomes gentler with time passing by. The fluctuation of macro-control policy, invest-ment and consumption are the main reasons of the economic fluc-tuation.

  20. Chinese Foundry Industry Tour-Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Shanxi Province is one of the important birthplaces of the Chinese nation and has the famous names of the "Cradle of ancient Chinese civilization" and the "Hometown of the foundry industry". To report on the foundry industry development of Shanxi province, journalists of Foundry Journal Agency came to Shanxi from 14-22 of August 2009. We visited cities of Taiyuan, Wutai, Xiangfen,Linfen and Hukou, and interviewed the local foundry people.

  1. Ectomycorrhizal Fungi in Jiangsu Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIAN Bin; DONG Yuan-Rong; HOU Wei-Guo; TONG Li-Hua; YUAN Sheng

    2007-01-01

    A survey was conducted for about 3 years to study the abundance and diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungi (EMF) in Jiangsu Province, China. The identification of the fungal species was based on the microscopic and macroscopic characteristics of their fruiting bodies. About 126 species of EMF were found in Jiangsu Province. These fungi were largely categorized into three orders (of 121 species), four families (of 96 species), and six genera (of about 86 species).

  2. Study on Banana Cooperatives in Hainan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Huang, Huide; ZHANG, Wanzhen; Liu, Enping; Zhang, Xizhu

    2013-01-01

    This paper gives an overview of the distribution, member scale, production and operation of banana cooperatives in Hainan Province, and points out the market risk and natural risk faced by the production of banana cooperatives in Hainan Province. In order to promote the banana cooperatives to form new agricultural management system integrating organization and intensification, this paper puts forth the production and operation recommendations, such as joint production of banana cooperatives, ...

  3. Tectonic provinces of the Atlantic Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pushcharovsky, Yu. M.

    2009-05-01

    The tectonic structure of the floor of the Atlantic Ocean beyond the continental margins is insufficiently studied. This is also true of its tectonic demarcation. The segmentation of the floor into regional-scale tectonic provinces of several orders proposed in this paper is primarily based on structural and historical geological features. It is shown that deep oceanic basins and fault tectonics are of particular importance in this respect. Tectonic provinces of two orders are distinguished by a set of attributes. The first-order provinces are the North, Central, South, and Antarctic domains of the Atlantic Ocean. They are separated by wide demarcation fracture zones into Transatlantic (transverse) second-order tectonic provinces. Ten such provinces are recognized (from the north southward): Greenland-Lofoten, Greenland-Scandinavia, Greenland-Ireland, Newfoundland-European, North American-African, Antilles-African, Angola-Brazil, Cape-Argentine, North Antarctic, and South Antarctic. This subdivision demonstrates significant differentiation in the geodynamic state of the oceanic lithosphere that determines nonuniform ocean formation and the tectonic features of the ocean floor. The latitudinal orientation of the second-order provinces inherits the past tectonic pattern, though newly formed structural units cannot be ruled out. The Earth rotation exerts a crucial effect on the crust and the mantle.

  4. An ethnobotanical survey on hormozgan province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omid Safa

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The present study is based on an ethnobotanical research project conducted in Hormozgan province that is located in south of Iran, bordering waters of the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea. This survey was carried out in order to recover the ethnobotanical and ethnomedicinal knowledge of the residents of this province. They are using medicinal and functional plants for treating or preventing several diseases. Materials and Methods: Ethnobotanical data sheets were run with the native inhabitants and people of the province by arranging frequent field trips to different parts of the province and direct interviews with them especially those who were more familiar with the plants and their usage.Results: A total of 150 plant species belonging to 53 families were recorded for their ethnobotanical and ethnomedicinal uses among the people of province. The records were developed by scientific names, family names, local names, medicinal parts used, different ways of their application, and traditional uses of the plants. There was high compliance in the use of plants in painful disorders, gastrointestinal, and dermatological diseases.Conclusion: This study revealed that the people of Hormozgan province have a rich knowledge of natural resources. The use and consumption of medicinal plants are still important parts of their life. Rational use of native medicinal plants may benefit and improve their living standards and quality of life. The results of this study can be used as a basis for selecting herbs for further pharmacological, phytochemical, and pharmacognostical studies.

  5. Intestinal acariasis in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chao-Pin Li; Jian Wang

    2000-01-01

    The mites found in stored food and house comprise a large group of subclass Acari, belonging to the suborder Acardida of the order Acarifornes. They can be found in dust and vacuum samples from floors, furniture, mattresses, Chinese herbal medicine, dry fruit, grain, flour, sugar, and bedding. These mites are nidicolous and feed on organic debris, including sloughed human skin, fungi, spilled food, pollen, etc. These mites are particularly prevalent in Chinese herbal medicine, dry fruit, grain, flour, sugar, beds, though carpeted floors near beds or couches may also have large numbers. The most common species are Acarus siro, Tyrophagus putrescentiae , Dermatophagoides farinae , D . pteronyssinus, Glycyphagus domesticus, G. Ornatus, Carpoglyphus lactis and Tarsonemus granarius, etc. The viability of mites in storage is quite strong and they can invade and parasitize the intestines of humans[1 -15]. They can cause pulmonary acariasis[16-25] , urinary acariasis[26-33] and so on. The dejecta of mites is a quite strong allergen and can cause different allergic diseases[34-44]. Intestinal acariasis can be caused by some mites related to the way of diet intake and invading against intestinal mucosa, intestinal muscle[45-5a]. The first report of intestinal acariasis caused by these mites was made by Hinman et al (1934)[45]. From then on, all kinds of studies on the disease have been reported gradually. In order to make an epidemiological survey of intestinal acariasis the investigation of the disease was taken in some areas of Anhui Province from 1989 to 1996.

  6. 在艰难的生命历程中找寻情感与心灵的归宿--浅谈白先勇的同性恋题材小说创作%Discussion of Mr.BaiXianyong’s Novel on Gays Theme

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈燕

    2013-01-01

      白先勇的同性恋题材小说创作一直贯穿他文学创作的始终,其中每一篇作品都凝聚着白先勇的心血。试通过对白先勇部分同性恋题材小说人物形象的分析,从同性恋者和家庭、社会、他人以及他们自身之间的关系入手,从一个特殊的视角展现作家对人的生存状态的思考。%The novels on gay theme has been the focus of Bai Xianyong ’s literary works, which is also the results of his painstaking efforts to provide better literary interpretation of life for gays .By analyzing the characters created in the novel on Gay theme, this article tries to interpret Mr.BaiXianyong’s thinking of gays , such as their family relationship , the social at-titude towards gays , the social status of gays.The aim of study is to explain the idea of a writer for common people ’ living conditions.

  7. SAN BAI JIU KOU- A PILGRIMAGE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUSANTRIMBLE

    2003-01-01

    Over many dynasties the reigning emperor continued to make a pilgrimage to Jietal Temple and make sacrifices to the gods to save the land from They always teek the same path laid out by the silver meon. Eventually the path became ene of beautifully smeoth stones Wildllewers perfumed the air and leafy trees previded shade.

  8. Genetic Variation of 25 Y-Chromosomal and 15 Autosomal STR Loci in the Han Chinese Population of Liaoning Province, Northeast China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Jun; Wang, Bao-jie

    2016-01-01

    In the present study, we investigated the genetic characteristics of 25 Y-chromosomal and 15 autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci in 305 unrelated Han Chinese male individuals from Liaoning Province using AmpFISTR® Yfiler® Plus and IdentifilerTM PCR amplification kits. Population comparison was performed between Liaoning Han population and different ethnic groups to better understand the genetic background of the Liaoning Han population. For Y-STR loci, the overall haplotype diversity was 0.9997 and the discrimination capacity was 0.9607. Gene diversity values ranged from 0.4525 (DYS391) to 0.9617 (DYS385). Rst and two multi-dimensional scaling plots showed that minor differences were observed when the Liaoning Han population was compared to the Jilin Han Chinese, Beijing Han Chinese, Liaoning Manchu, Liaoning Mongolian, Liaoning Xibe, Shandong Han Chinese, Jiangsu Han Chinese, Anhui Han Chinese, Guizhou Han Chinese and Liaoning Hui populations; by contrast, major differences were observed when the Shanxi Han Chinese, Yunnan Bai, Jiangxi Han Chinese, Guangdong Han Chinese, Liaoning Korean, Hunan Tujia, Guangxi Zhuang, Gansu Tibetan, Xishuangbanna Dai, South Korean, Japanese and Hunan Miao populations. For autosomal STR loci, DP ranged from 0.9621 (D2S1338) to 0.8177 (TPOX), with PE distributing from 0.7521 (D18S51) to 0.2988 (TH01). A population comparison was performed and no statistically significant differences were detected at any STR loci between Liaoning Han, China Dong, and Shaanxi Han populations. The results showed that the 25 Y-STR and 15 autosomal STR loci in the Liaoning Han population were valuable for forensic applications and human genetics, and Liaoning Han was an independent endogenous ethnicity with a unique subpopulation structure. PMID:27483472

  9. Pervalence of intestinal parasites in Ordu province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ülkü Karaman

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The epidemiology of intestinal parasites vary according to country’s geographic location, sociocultural structure and diet. An epidemiological study of intestinal parasites has not been observed in Ordu Province and around. The aim of this study was determining the intestinal parasites data of Ordu Provincial Health Directorate retrosrectively. Methods: Between January 2006 and December 2013 the data of the provinceal Health Directorate of Ordu were retrospectively evaluated. Results: 7194 positivity has been reported in the study. Quantitative distribution of the parasites were as follows; 3415 Enterobius vermicularis, 2802 Ascaris lumbricoides, 1182 Entamoeba histolytica, 705 Giardia intestinalis, 682 Taenia spp, 245 Hookworm infection, 22 Trichuris trichiura, 17 Fasciola hepatica and 12 Strongiloides stercoralis. Conclusion: As a result intestinal parasites in Ordu Province is a major public health problem.

  10. Study on Banana Cooperatives in Hainan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huide; HUANG; Wanzhen; ZHANG; Enping; LIU; Xizhu; ZHANG

    2013-01-01

    This paper gives an overview of the distribution,member scale,production and operation of banana cooperatives in Hainan Province,and points out the market risk and natural risk faced by the production of banana cooperatives in Hainan Province. In order to promote the banana cooperatives to form new agricultural management system integrating organization and intensification,this paper puts forth the production and operation recommendations,such as joint production of banana cooperatives,timely planting of banana,brand management,and improvement of production and operation technical level.

  11. POLISH-RUSSIAN COOPERATION OF POMORSKIE PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina GOMULKA

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Polish-Russian Cooperation of Pomorskie Province commenced in 1999 and was based on the intergovernmental agreements. The new agreement, executed between the authorities of the Pomeranian Province and Kaliningrad Oblast in 2002, provided for cooperation in many areas. The contacts between the partners were dominated by economic cooperation. The Polish–Russian cooperation stopped with Polish accession to the Schengen zone. Cooperation resumed when in 2011 and agreement on small cross-border traffic was signed and then ratified in 2012. 

  12. Geologic Provinces of the Caribbean Region, 2004 (prv6bg)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This dataset includes a modified subset of polygon features that describe U.S. Geological Survey's defined geologic provinces of the World. Each province has a set...

  13. Bai Juyi's Mentality of "Hidden in Leisure Posts" after Relegation and Tang Song Literati Ci's Writing Atmosphere of Leisure and Pleasure%白居易“中隐心态”对唐宋词休闲享乐创作氛围的引导

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张英

    2011-01-01

    After the Relegation,Bai Juyi's view on life had a major change and formed a mentality "hidden in leisure posts".In that kind of life,by working on "leisure posts",you can be materially rich,and on this basis you can enjoy the good life in spirit.This mentality not only had directly contributed to the important Ci of Liu Yuxi and Bai Juyi,but also had a profound impact on the people in Song dynasty,and formed the leisure entertainment atmosphere which the development of literati Ci needs.So we can say that the development and prosperity of Tang Song literati Ci are closely related with Bai Juyi's "hidden in leisure posts" mentality.%白居易经过贬谪之后人生观发生了重大的变化,形成了"中隐"的心态。"中隐"是亦官亦隐,一方面通过做"闲官"而在物质上获得温饱富足,另一方面以富足的物质生活为基础在精神上尽情享受生活中的安闲快乐。这种心态直接促成了白居易和刘禹锡的一些重要词作的产生。宋代文人对白居易的敬慕是一个普遍的现象,而敬慕的着眼点便是他晚年潇洒闲逸的"中隐"生活。在"中隐"心态的引导之下,形成了文人词发展所需要的休闲享乐的创作氛围,唐宋词亦由此而兴盛。

  14. 我国西北边塞维吾尔族与西南边塞白族大学生体质特征的比较研究%Comparative Study on the Characteristics of College Students’ Physical Fitness between Uygur Students in Northwest Frontier and Bai Students in Southwest Frontier

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马忆南; 段意梅

    2016-01-01

    Research the differences of physique characteristics between Uygur college students in northwest frontier of Yili and Bai college students in southwest frontier of Dali though the comparative analysis.The results shows that Bai female students are higher than Uygur female students (P 0.05 );in the aspect of four indices of physical quality,compare with Bai students,Uygur male students did better in the long jump,50-meter,1000-meter,sit and reach (P 0.05);在四项身体素质指标中,维吾尔族男生的立定跳远、50 m 跑、1000 m 跑、坐位体前屈成绩显著高于白族男生(P <0.01),白族女生的50 m 和立定跳远成绩显著高于维吾尔族女生(P <0.01),但800 m 跑和坐位体前屈成绩显著低于维吾尔族(P <0.01).因此,与白族男大学生相比,维吾尔族男大学生表现出体格充实度较大、呼氧分配量和心肺机能相对高,以及力量、速度、耐力和柔韧素质相对强的体质特征;维吾尔族女大学生表现出体格充实度大、呼氧分配量和心肺机能水平稍强、耐力和柔韧素质相对强的体质特征,而白族女大学生则表现出身体相对瘦长、呼氧分配量和心肺机能水平稍弱、力量和速度素质相对强的体质特征.

  15. The correlation study of Y-STR and Y-SNP in Yunnan Bai population%云南白族群体Y-STR及Y-SNP关联性探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄玉静; 王健康; 陈燕祥; 李景; 李貌; 何玮; 曾发明; 程宝文

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the correlation of Y-STR and Y-SNP and their application in forensic science. Methods 17 Y-STR loci and 6 Y-SNPs were typed in a sample of 146 unrelated males from Yunnan Bai population using Y-filer amplification system and reference primers respectively. Results ①A total of 114 haplotypes were observed in the 146 individuals studied, of which 93 were observed only in one individual. ② The frequency distribution of 6 Y-SNPs was range from 4. 1% to 47.3% , and haplogroup O3-M122 shown in the higest frequencies, accounting for 47. 3%. ③Combined analysis of these two types of genetic markers shown that 5 of 21 haplotypes found in two or more individuals had different typed in Y-SNP, and 8 of 29 differing only in a locus had different Y-SNP typed. Some differences in the alleles distributions of Y-STR loci between different Y-SNP haplogroups could be found. Conclusion Males who share an identical or close Y-STR haplotype can differ in their Y-SNP typing, and it will be useful in ascertaining the male criminals through paternal lineage by analysis of these two types of markers together.%目的 探讨Y-STR与Y-SNP单倍群间的关联性及其法医学应用价值.方法 用Y-filer的17个Y-STR基因座及6个Y-SNPs(M122、M95、M9、M130、M119和M45)对云南白族146名无关男性个体样本进行检测.结果 ①17个Y-STR基因座构成的单倍型在146名男性个体中共检出114种单倍型,其中93种仅出现于一名个体中.②6个Y-SNPs在白族中的频率为4.1% ~47.3%,其中O3-M122频率最高,占47.3%.③综合两类遗传标记结果,出现于2名或2名以上个体的21种Y-STR单倍型中,有5种其Y-SNP不同;分别只有一个Y-STR基因座分型不同的29对单倍型中,有8对其Y-SNP分别不同.Y-SNP单倍群间部分Y-STR基因座等位基因频率分布存在一定差异.结论 Y-STR单倍型相同或相近的个体间其Y-SNP分型可不相同,结合两者进行检测分析对于男性嫌疑人家系排查具有重要意义.

  16. Sedimentary rocks Uranium in Cerro Largo Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With the aim of the uranium minerals exploration has been carried out several studies by UTE technicians in Cerro Largo Province from 1968 to 1969. In uranium concentration has been found pyrite, phosphate, iron oxides and manganese in uranium. Furthermore in La Divisa Ore were studied concentration Uranium enrichment has been studied in La Divisa ore

  17. Livestock rabies outbreaks in Shanxi province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Ye; Shi, Yanyan; Yu, Mingyang; Xu, Weidi; Gong, Wenjie; Tu, Zhongzhong; Ding, Laixi; He, Biao; Guo, Huancheng; Tu, Changchun

    2016-10-01

    Dogs play an important role in rabies transmission throughout the world. In addition to the severe human rabies situation in China, spillover of rabies virus from dogs in recent years has caused rabies outbreaks in sheep, cattle and pigs, showing that there is an increasing threat to other domestic animals. Two livestock rabies outbreaks were caused by dogs in Shanxi province, China from April to October in 2015, resulting in the deaths of 60 sheep, 10 cattle and one donkey. Brain samples from one infected bovine and the donkey were determined to be rabies virus (RABV) positive by fluorescent antibody test (FAT) and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The complete RABV N genes of the two field strains, together with those of two previously confirmed Shanxi dog strains, were amplified, sequenced and compared phylogenetically with published sequences of the N gene of RABV strains from Shanxi and surrounding provinces. All of the strains from Shanxi province grouped closely, sharing 99.6 %-100 % sequence identity, indicating the wide distribution and transmission of dog-mediated rabies in these areas. This is the first description of donkey rabies symptoms with phylogenetic analysis of RABVs in Shanxi province and surrounding regions. The result emphasizes the need for mandatory dog rabies vaccination and improved public education to eradicate dog rabies transmission. PMID:27422397

  18. Human rabies in Zhejiang Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiangping Ren

    2015-09-01

    Conclusions: The majority of rabies cases occurred among 40–65-year-old male residents of northern, mid-west, and southeast Zhejiang Province. Further health education is needed to increase the coverage of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP in people exposed to possible rabid animals and rabies vaccine use in household animals.

  19. Investigation on Atmospheric Corrosiveness in Hainan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    According to the results of four-year exposure tests for carbon steel samples in Hainan province, the influences of meteorological factors and Cl- on atmospheric corrosion were investigated. The feature of atmospheric corrosion in this area was summarized. A corrosive map for the area was drawn. The corrosion products on carbon steel at some typical places were analyzed by XRD and XPS.

  20. Flora of soil fungi in Khuzestan province\\\\\\'s oil regions

    OpenAIRE

    vida dawoodi; Mahbobeh madani; Arezoo Tahmourespour

    2014-01-01

      Introduction: Many Species of fungi with ability to metabolize of petroleum hydrocarbons are known so far. These fungi are resistant in oil contaminated sites.This investigation aims at studying fungal population diversity in oil contaminated soils of Khuzestan province and identifying fungal flora in these regions .   Materials and methods: Crude oil contaminated soil samples were collected from different regions of Khuzestan province. For isolation and enumeration of total heterotrophic f...

  1. Viet Nam National Atomic Energy Commission

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vietnam National Atomic Energy Commission (VINATOM) is a governmental body in charge of organizing and coordinating activities related to use of nuclear energy for peaceful purpose. VINATOM in structure consists of the Nuclear Research Institute (Dalat), the Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (Hanoi), the Institute for Technology of Radioactive and Rare Elements (Hanoi), and the Centre for Nuclear Technique Application (Ho Chi Minh City). This catalogue introduces profiles of nuclear R and D activities under management by VINATOM. (N.H.A)

  2. 论白娘子形象的现代诠释——兼评李锐的《人间——重述白蛇传》%On Modern Interpretation on the Image of Bai Niang Zi——Comments on LI Rui's The World—Recount of The Story of White Snake

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗兴萍

    2011-01-01

    美丽温柔,勇敢追求爱情自由的白娘子是家喻户晓民间传说白蛇传的核心形象。李锐在《人间》中把这一形象重新塑造为,对人类和自然界中一切生灵具有博大爱心,为实现自己理想坚韧不拔的奋斗者形象。李锐通过白娘子形象的现代诠释,开掘了"白蛇传"故事的思想深度,为当代文学如何利用民间文化资源提供了新的经验。%Bai Niang Zi is a lady in The Story of White Snake,a well-known folk legend;and her core image popular to every household is a beautiful and tender-hearted girl who pursues bravely freedom of love.LI Rui reconstructs this image in his book The World as an image of great love for all human beings and all creatures in the nature,and a hero who will struggle persistently to realize her ideal.Through the modern interpretation of Bai Niang Zi,LI has explored the depth of thought in The Story of White Snake,offering the new experience for the contemporary literature to make use of the folk cultural resources.

  3. The Agricultural Export Competitiveness and Independent Innovation in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guimin; WANG; Haixian; XIA

    2013-01-01

    Through the vertical and horizontal analysis of agricultural export data in Liaoning Province during the period 2006-2010,we can find that Liaoning Province has already a major exporter of agricultural products,but there is no significant increase in many indicators with great fluctuation or declining trend. Meanwhile,compared with other provinces,the competitive advantages of agricultural export in Liaoning Province are not obvious,lacking competitive potential. Analysis shows that it is a strenuous task for Liaoning Province to transform from a major exporter of agricultural products to strong export province; during the course,relying on independent innovation is the fundamental guarantee. Liaoning Province should rely on independent innovation,to create new agricultural varieties,lead the international standards of agricultural products,form the brand agriculture,and improve the agricultural industry chain.

  4. Trend in cataract surgical rate in iran provinces.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan Hashemi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the trend of changes in Cataract Surgical Rate (CSR in the provinces of Iran during 2006 to 2010 and identify high risk areas.This report is part of the national Iranian CSR Study. The percentage change in CSR in 2010 compared to 2006 was conducted in each province, retrospectively. One hundred and ten centers were chosen from all provinces, to determine CSR in each, the weight of major (>3,000 annual surgeries and minor (3,000 annual surgeries or less centers was calculated based on the number of selected centers, and multiplied by the number of surgeries in each province.In eight provinces, CSR was decreased by 1-60%. One province (Booshehr showed no change. Eighteen provinces had 2-79% increase. No 2006 data was available in three provinces. North Khorasan had the most decrease while Kerman had the most increase in CSR. Six of these 8 provinces had CSR>3,000 despite a decrease in 2010, but North Khorasan had CSR<3,000 over the whole 5 year period. In 4 provinces, CSR had a gap from 3,000 despite an ascending trend, and in two, the gap was quite considerable.Although CSR has an improving trend in most provinces in Iran, it is decreasing in some provinces, and despite an already low CSR, the exacerbation continues. The growing population of over 50 year olds calls for prompt measures in such provinces. Even in improving provinces, some lag behind the minimum recommended by WHO, and the growth rate of the over 50 population reveals the necessity of immediate planning.

  5. A Glance at Bohai Bay Oil Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao Shoubai

    1995-01-01

    @@ Chinese oil industry keeps on developing in 1994. The oil production of Bohai Bay Oil Province located in East China also keeps on growing. Geologically,the total area of Bohai Bay Basin is about 200 000 km2 and the main structural units are: Liaohe Depression, Huanghua Depression,Jizhong Depression, Linqing Depression, Jiyang Depression, Changwei Depression, Bozhong Depression,Chengning Uplift and Cangjing Uplift (see figure 1). Area of the main structural units is listed in following:

  6. An ethnobotanical survey on hormozgan province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omid Safa

    2012-12-01

    Conclusion: This study revealed that the people of Hormozgan province have a rich knowledge of natural resources. The use and consumption of medicinal plants are still important parts of their life.Rational use of native medicinal plants may benefit and improve their living standards and quality of life. The results of this study can be used as a basis for selecting herbs for further pharmacological, phytochemical, and pharmacognostical studies.

  7. US Local Government Delegation Visits Sichuan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chuan; You

    2015-01-01

    A 12-member US Local Government Delegationled by Wisconsin Lieutenant Governor Rebecca Kleefisch visited Sichuan Province December 11-13 at the invitation of the CPAFFC.Consisting of lieutenant governors,state legislators,mayors,government officials of cities and counties from eight states—Wisconsin,Washington,New York,Colorado,Illinois,Tennessee,Kansas and Missouri—the delegation was organized by the China-United States Exchange Foundation(CUSEF).Established in Hong Kong in 2008

  8. Curie surface of Borborema Province, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correa, Raphael T.; Vidotti, Roberta M.; Oksum, Erdinc

    2016-06-01

    The Curie surface interpreted from magnetic data through spatial frequency domain techniques is used to provide information on the thermal structure of Borborema Province. The Borborema Province is part of the neoproterozoic collision of an orogenic system situated between the São Francisco-Congo and São Luís-West Africa cratons, which formed the Gondwana Supercontinent. The Curie surface of Borborema Province varies from 18 to 59 km, which reveals the complexity in the crustal composition of the study area. The thermal structure shows different crustal blocks separated by the main shear zones, which corroborates the evolution model of allochthonous terranes. The Curie surface signature for the west portion of Pernambuco Shear Zone may indicate processes of mantle serpentinization, once the Curie isotherm is deeper than Mohorovic discontinuity. In this region, the amplitude of Bouguer anomaly decreases, which corroborates long wavelength anomaly observed in the magnetic anomaly. We interpreted this pattern as evidence of the Brasiliano-Pan-Africano's subduction/collision event. Earthquakes in the region are concentrated mainly in shallow Curie surface regions (less resistant crust) and in transition zones between warm and cold blocks. We calculated the horizontal gradient of the Curie depth to emphasize the signature of contact between the thermal blocks. These regions mark possible crustal discontinuities, and have high correlation with orogenic gold occurrence in the study area.

  9. 山西中条山东部林区药用野生真菌主要种类及其功能%Main Wild Medical Fungi and Their Functions in Eastern Forest Region of Zhongtiao Mountain in Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩红发; 杜利梅; 安太成

    2015-01-01

    中条山药用野生真菌目前发现主要种类有21种,它们分别是是野生灵芝、白灵芝、平盖灵芝、桑树桑黄、松木层孔菌、红肉拟层孔菌、钢青褐层孔菌、木蹄层孔菌、无柄灵芝、桦褐孔菌、斑褐孔菌、松杉灵芝、云芝、东方栓菌、硫磺菌、薄树芝、猴头菌、马勃菌、猪苓、茯苓、山西香棒虫草。该文介绍了各品种的名称和主要功能。%A total of 21 species of wild medical fungi have been currently found in Zhongtiao Mountain, including wild Ganoderma spp., Bai Lingzhi, Ganoderma ap-planatum (Pers.) Pat., Phel inus igniarius (L. ex Fr.) in mulberry tree, Phel inus pini, Fomitopsis rosea Karst, Pyropolyporus adamantinus, Fomes fomentarius, Ganoderma mastoporum Pat, Inonotus obliquus, Fuscoporia punctate, Ganoderma tsugae, Tram-etes versicolor, Trametes orientalis lmaz, Laetiporus sulphureus, Ganoderma capense (Lloyd) Teng, Hericium erinaceus, Lycoperdon bovista, Polyporus umbel atus Fries, Wolfiporia extensa and Cordyceps barnesi Thwaites. ln this paper, the main functions of the major fungi species in eastern forest region of Zhongtiao Mountain in Shanxi Province were introduced.

  10. Empirical Analysis of the Vegetable Industry in Hebei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    We first introduce the status quo of the development of vegetable industry in Hebei Province,and then conduct empirical analysis of the development of vegetable industry in Hebei Province.Further,we analyze the development advantage of the vegetable industry in Hebei Province using SAI(Scale Advantage Indices) and SCA(Symmetric Comparative Advantage),drawing the conclusion that the vegetable industry in Hebei Province has much room for development;at the same time,we analyze the factors influencing vegetable consumption of residents in Hebei Province through the regression model,drawing the conclusion that the vegetable consumer price index is the main factor affecting the consumption.Finally we make recommendations for the development of vegetable industry in Hebei Province as follows:increasing financial input,promoting policy guarantee capacity;implementing brand strategy,promoting the competitiveness of products;improving the ecological environment,promoting industrialization of pollution-free vegetables.

  11. Study on Sustainable Development Capability of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ren Ziping; Luo Qishan; Wang Yanchun; Deng Hongbing; Zhao Jingzhu

    2005-01-01

    Based on the indicator system of Sustainable Development ( SD ), Shandong Province was selected as an example for assessment with AHP method and the standard year was 1978. The conclusion was that Shandong Province' s ability of SD was being strengthened step by step, and there were also some restrictive factors, and according to the basic conditions of Shandong Province, countermeasures and strategy of SD were put forward.

  12. Evaluation of the Rural Human Settlement in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu Hong; Shen Meiyu; Chen Xiangxiang

    2012-01-01

    Taking Shandong Province as the research object, this paper uses the principal component analysis method to evaluate the status of the rural human settlement in Shandong Province. It establishes the evaluation index system of the rural residential environment in Shandong Province, including living environment, economy, infrastructure, public service facilities, and ecological environment, in total five comprehensive index, and 20 second~ ary indexes. Through measurement and sorting of rural human environment development level of Shandong Province in 2010, the 17 cities are divided into-excellent, good, ordinary, poor-four development areas and are analyzed based on the restriction factor in the development of the region.

  13. Prenatal Care Services in Aydin Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erdal BESER

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Aim of the study was to evaluate the quality and quantity of prenatal care in Aydin province. It was a cross-sectional study. 195 women (pregnant/women at postpartum period living in the Aydin province participated in the study. Cluster and simple random sampling method was used in the selection of women from 10 health centers (one rural-one urban health station each. Data obtained by face to face interview technique. Turkey Demografic Health Survey criteria were used for evaluation of the quantity of prenatal care as “sufficient” or “insufficient” and quality of prenatal care was scored as “1-2”(bad, “3-4”(moderate and “5-6”(good. Chi-square, Mann Whitney-U and t tests were used for analysis. One fifth of each pregnant women who were in last trimester and 11.3% of women in postpartum period stated that they were not followed up by an health personnel during pregnancy. One third of pregnant women who were in last trimester and 58.5% of women in postpartum period said they weren’t visited by an health personnel in the first trimester. Besides, quality points of prenatal care were found low, both in pregnant women and women in post partum period. It was found that living in urban areas, high education level and presence of social security effected getting adequate prenatal care. The quality and quantity of prenatal care was found less than expected in Aydin province which is located in the western region of Turkey. It is necessary that, health personnel must be more sensitive to convey “adequate” prenatal care especially women who are living in rural areas, who have low educational level and who have no social security. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2007; 6(2: 137-141

  14. Hydrogeologic Provinces for California based upon established groundwater basins and watershed polygons.

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Ten hydrogeologic provinces of California are represented by a region- class feature called "provinces" within this digital data set. These provinces were...

  15. 西部典型资源型城市矿产资源可持续发展能力评价及途径选择--以甘肃省白银市为例%The Evaluation and Approaches-choice of Sustainable Development of Mining Resources City of in Gansu Province---Take The BaiYin City As An Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘勇; 王士军; 蔺爽; 张小彦

    2014-01-01

    This paper based on an overview of the theoretical research on the sustainable development of the resource-based cities, took Baiyin as the study sample, and from the four dimen-sions of the economy, resources, environment and intellectual, built a consistent with mining features of evaluation index system for sustainable development of mining industry in Baiyin city, applied the principal component analysis method to empirical anal-ysis for mining sustainable development of resource-based cities , and discuss the key issues and development ideas of sustainable development of mineral resources in Baiyin city.%本文在对资源型城市可持续发展问题的理论研究进行概述的基础上,以甘肃省白银市为例,从经济、资源、环境和智力四个维度,构建了一套白银市矿业特色的矿业可持续发展评价指标体系,运用主成分分析法对资源型城市的矿业可持续发展能力进行了实证分析,探讨了白银市矿产资源可持续发展的关键问题和发展思路。

  16. 白族茶文化变迁的民族植物学研究——以云南大理宾川县大罗村调查为例%Ethnobotanical Studies on Tea Cultural Change of the Bai People: A case study on Daluo Village in Binchuan County,Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李洪潮; 杨新丽; 崔明昆

    2010-01-01

    茶作为一种经济植物在农业文化遗产保护中具有举足轻重的作用,这不仅因为茶起源中国,更因为中国各民族在茶的使用过程中形成了丰富多彩的茶文化.然而,随着时代的变迁,茶文化也发生着深刻的变化.因此,研究茶文化,尤其是少数民族的茶文化及其变迁对保护农业文化遗产和传承民族文化具有十分重要的意义.本文以大理州宾川县一个白族村寨--大罗村为例,研究了白族茶文化在待客、婚礼和祭祀方面的变迁.结果表明:①今天蜚声海内外的白族"三道茶"最早起源于长辈对晚辈的嘱托而不是待客.随着时代的变迁,白族茶文化在待客方面经历了一个从繁琐到简化的变迁,这反映了民族文化的不断丧失;②白族的聘礼和婚礼中茶的应用,象征着新人对爱情的坚贞,隐喻着妇女从一而终的道德观念以及多子多福,家族繁盛的愿望,而新婚夫妇敬"三道茶"则表达了新人对长辈的感激.如今的白族婚礼中的茶文化几乎消失殆尽;③茶在祭祀亡灵、本主、祖先和土地神中象征祭祀对象的永恒和死而复生,及其对人们的庇护.虽然村寨中祭祀活动得到了进一步恢复,但其中的茶文化内涵在进一步淡化.从大罗村白族茶文化的变迁中折射出当代民族文化与农业文化遗产的丧失,应引起人们的重视.

  17. Guide the Construction of Ecological Province of China with the Ecological Economics Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WangSongpei

    2005-01-01

    A major issue in China's present ecological economic construction is to build the ecological province. In March of 1999,Hainan Province of China proposed setting up the first ecological province and was accredited by the Bureau of State Environment Protection as the pilot project. Up to now for only four years, Hainan, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Fujian, Zhejiang,Shandong, Anhui, Jiangsu, eight provinces in the wholecountry, having launched the establishment of the ecological province. Meanwhile, the provinces such as Shaanxi, Hebei,

  18. Payenia volcanic province, southern Mendoza, Argentina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søager, Nina; Holm, Paul Martin; Llambias, Eduardo Jorge

    2013-01-01

    to the low thickness of the lithospheric mantle and preheating of the lower crust by earlier Mio-Pliocene volcanism. Rare earth element modelling of mantle melting calls for enriched source compositions and a beginning of melting within the garnet stability field for all Payenia basalts. The Río Colorado......The Pleistocene to Holocene Payenia volcanic province is a backarc region of 60,000 km2 in Mendoza, Argentina, which is dominated by transitional to alkaline basalts and trachybasalts. We present major and trace element compositions of 139 rocks from this area of which the majority are basaltic...... rocks with 4 to 12 wt.% MgO and 44 to 50 wt.% SiO2. The southern Payenia province is dominated by intraplate basalts and the trace element patterns of the Río Colorado and Payún Matrú lavas suggest little or no influence from subducted slab components. The mantle source of these rocks is similar to some...

  19. Cancer survival in Khon Kaen Province, Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sriamporn, S; Black, R J; Sankaranarayanan, R; Kamsa-ad, S; Parkin, D M; Vatanasapt, V

    1995-05-01

    Thailand is one of the few developing countries for which population-based cancer survival data are available. Using clinical follow-up information and reply-paid postal enquiries, 10,333 residents of Khon Kaen province registered with cancer in the period 1985-1992 were followed-up to the end of 1993. The sites of the most common cancers in the province were liver (5-year relative survival rate 9.2%), cervix (60.1%), lung (15.4%), breast (48.1%) and large bowel (41.9%). Results for Khon Kaen were compared with age-standardized survival data for the US and Scotland. Survival was consistently higher for US whites compared to Khon Kaen residents for those cancers whose prognosis is associated with early diagnosis (breast, cervix and large bowel) or the availability of intensive therapy (leukaemia and lymphoma). The main implication of these results for cancer control in Thailand is that the interventions of greatest potential benefit are those designed to promote early detection. More than one-third of all cancers in Thailand are liver tumours: primary prevention through control of hepatitis-B infection and liver fluke infestation is the only effective strategy for their control. PMID:7729937

  20. Province of Ontario nuclear emergency plan. Pt. 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Province of Ontario Nuclear Emergency Plan has been developed pursuant to Section 8 of the Emergency Plans Act, 1983. This plan replaces the Province of Ontario Nuclear Contingency Off-Site Plan (June 1980) which is no longer applicable. The wastes plan includes planning, preparation, emergency organization and operational responsibilities and policy

  1. Integrated Coastal Management in the Province Ca Mau - Vietnam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stoop, B.; Bouziotas, D.; Hanssen, J.L.J.; Dunnewolt, J.; Postma, M.G.

    2015-01-01

    The province of Ca Mau is the southernmost part of Vietnam and the Mekong Delta. The water system of Ca Mau faces multiple challenges, both in its coastal zone and in its inland regions. the coastal zone in the province. In view of this, this study presents an integrated approach for combined coasta

  2. The Development Model of Agricultural Insurance in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pu; YOU

    2014-01-01

    The agricultural economy in Anhui Province is developing so fast,but farmers are severely affected by the frequent occurrence of natural disasters. The current agricultural insurance mode is not suitable,therefore,the research on agricultural insurance modes of Anhui Province helps to promote the steady development of the agricultural production. Starting from situation of agricultural insurance in Anhui Province,learning from both experience of foreign country and the latest successful domestic modes,we try to put forward agricultural insurance mode framework which is suitable for Anhui Province. Based on the actual situation of Anhui Province,it is necessary to adopt the mode of government leading combined with agricultural mutual aid rather than copy the existing mode.

  3. Developmental Strategies of Betel Nut Industry in Hainan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The developmental status of the betel nut industry is introduced, including cultivation situation, processing and development situation, and consumer market situation. The result shows that the cultivation of betel nut in Hainan Province develops rapidly and the primary processing of betel nut has formed certain scale, but the deep processing of betel nut is backward. Except for the mino amount of the betel nuts consumed by Hainan Island, a large majority of the betel nuts are processed into dry fruit to sell to Hunan Province to reprocess. The problems exist in the development of betel nut industry in Hainan Province are analyzed, covering blind cultivation, extensive management, backward processing, lagged new product development and the single and concentrated consumer market. The strategic choice of developing the betel nut industry of Hainan Province is analyzed as well. Hainan Province should carry out the green, sustainable, diversified, cooperative and export-oriented industrial developmental strategy.

  4. ON PERSONALIZED POSITIONING AND DEVELOPMENT CONCEPT OF BRANDS--- With“Bai Wu Xi”as an Example%论品牌的个性化定位与发展理念--以“百武西”为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丹丹

    2014-01-01

    品牌价值在于其创造财富的巨大潜能,而在品牌的塑造中,个性化的理念已经成为日趋关键的要素。在全球化趋势下的品牌设计中,要想脱颖而出,就不能没有个性。这些个性化的形象使之区别于同类产品,便于人们识别与记忆。“百武西”以它独特的品牌理念和坚持自我的品牌个性,塑造出一个自然、简约、和谐的品牌形象。%Brand value lies in its great potential to create wealth, and in brand shaping, and the individuality concept has be-come an increasingly crucial factor. Under the trend of economic globalization, it is impossible to stand out in brand design without individuality. These highly individualized images distinguish them from similar products and help people to identify and memorize them. “Bai Wu Xi”with its unique brand concept and brand individuality of self-adherence creates a natural, simple and harmonious brand image.

  5. “精神偶像”与“现实榜样”——谈中唐张志和、白居易之贬谪对唐宋词的影响%On the Influence of ZHANG Zhi -he and BAI Ju- yi's Relegation to Tang Song Ci

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张英

    2011-01-01

    张志和与白居易是中唐词坛的重要人物,他们都有过贬谪经历,他们对待贬谪的不同态度深深地影响了此后的词人和词体创作。张志和在贬谪之后弃官隐逸于江湖,其追求自由的执著和果断使他成为后代文人的“精神偶像”,其《渔歌子》词五首亦由此开辟了词体中渔父类题材的创作。白居易在贬谪中则表现出了旷达自适、随遇而安的态度,这种态度更容易让人们在生活中仿效。因此他成为贬谪文人的“现实榜样”,并进而影响到唐宋词中的“旷达”词风的形成。%ZHANG Zhi - he and BAI Ju - yi both are important Ci writers in middle Tang dynasty and both have the experience of relegation. Their different attitude to relegation have affected Ci writers afterward deeply. ZHANG Zhi -he abandoned the official and hidd

  6. 试论云南大理洱海渔村生计方式的变迁对白族文化的影响%On Influence of the Transition of the Living Style in Erhai Lake Fishing Village in Dali, Yunnan on the Culture of Bai Nationality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘兵

    2015-01-01

    受自然条件、社会环境、经济政策等因素的影响,大理洱海渔村生计方式从单一的打鱼为生向多样化方式变迁.这种变迁不但改变了村民的生活水平,而且对白族文化从服饰、民居、节日及传统风俗习惯等方面也有重要影响.因此,其中一些重要的文化事项因之得到重视,有了传承机会和发展空间,而有些文化事项却加快了变迁和消亡的步伐.%Affected by natural conditions, social environment, economic policy and other factors, the living style of fishermen in Erhai Lake fishing village changed from single way of fishing for a live to diversity ones. This transition does not only change villagers' standard of living, but also plays an important role for Bai culture on clothing, houses, festivals, traditional customs and so on. Some important cultural matters attract attentions to win the heritage and development opportunities, and some cultural matters have sped up the pace of change and extinction.

  7. Ups and Downs of the First Gay Novel in Modern Chinese Literature——A Study on the Zest for Crystal Boys Written by Bai Xianyong%中国现代文学史上第一部同性恋小说的沉浮——白先勇小说“《孽子》热”原因探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    计红芳

    2012-01-01

    The thesis presents the theme of gay through Bai Xianyong's novel Crystal Boys,which is the first fiction to discuss the theme of gay in the history of modern Chinese literature and it becomes more and more popular in recent years.Such are the causes of Crystal Boys fever: the excavation of the hidden meaning,changes of the readers' acceptance,development of the concept of marriage and changes of mode of transmission etc.%作为中国现代文学史第一部同性恋小说,白先勇小说《孽子》从刚诞生之时的普遍沉默到后来两岸三地甚至世界各地的热门效应,跟读者接受的变化密不可分。主要表现为:作品本身不断被发掘的"潜藏意义"、读者期待视野的变化、社会婚恋观念的发展以及文学传播方式的改变。

  8. Dengue virus serotype in Aceh Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paisal

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available WHO estimated 50 million dengue infections happen every year in the world. In Indonesia, there were 90,245 DHF cases on 2012 with 816 deaths. In the Province of Aceh, 2,269 cases happened in the same year. This study aimed to identify dengue virus serotype in Aceh. Sampling was done in Kota Banda Aceh Hospital, Kota Lhokseumawe Hospital, Kabupaten Aceh Tamiang Hospital, Kabupaten Aceh Barat Hospital, and Kabupaten Simeulue Hospital between May to December 2012. This was a clinical laboratory research with observation design using cross sectional approach. Research’s population was sample from patients with dengue clinical symptom. Using purposive sampling technique, we have collected 100 samples from the five hospitals (20 samples from each hospital. From RT-PCR, we found 16 positive samples (9 samples were DENV-4, 3 samples were DENV-1, 2 samples were DENV-2, and 2 samples were DENV-3.

  9. Development of the Alligator Rivers Uranium Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The mining and milling of the uranium ore deposits in the Alligator Rivers Province will depend on open-cut and underground mining operations and well-established treatment techniques. The Ranger Project has Government development approval and major site construction commenced following the end of the 1978/79 wet season. Present indications are that normal commercial production of 2 540 t U/a should occur towards the end of 1981. The Ranger Joint Venturers have stated that when it is commercially practicable production will be increased to 5 080 t U/a. The Nabarlek Project also has development approval and production is to commence in the latter half of 1980 at approximately 920 t U/a. The Jabiluka and Koongarra Projects have not yet been given Government development approval

  10. Agricultural Investment Environment in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The features of ageing,low educational level and female domination on the part of agricultural labor forces,determine that the sustainable development of agriculture can not rely entirely on farmers,who are engaged in dispersed planting and small-scale operation,therefore,improving agricultural investment environment,and taking positive measures to promote diversification of the main body of agricultural investment,is the key to the healthy development of agriculture.From four aspects(the industrial base of agriculture,arable land resource conditions,capital investment capacity,input of means of production),this article establishes evaluation indicator system of agricultural investment environment in Shaanxi Province,and based on this,make recommendations for improvement of agricultural investment environment in Shaanxi.

  11. The Path Analysis of Farmers’ Income Structure in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yongtian; XIAO; Yu; CUI; Lijia; HU

    2015-01-01

    The problem of farmers’ income growth is the key of issues concerning agriculture,countryside and farmers,so the farmers’ income growth is the fundamental starting point for agricultural and rural economic development. In this paper,we use the statistics concerning farmers’ income in Yunnan Province from 1995 to 2012,to perform the path analysis of components of farmers’ income in Yunnan Province,study the path of influence of components of farmers’ income on farmers’ net income,and then set forth the policy recommendations for increasing farmers’ income in Yunnan Province.

  12. Strategic Ideas of Greenway Construction in Ecological Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIUBinyi; XUWenhui

    2004-01-01

    This article grasps the implication of ecology based on the theory of greenway, With the purpose of making Zhejiang Province become an ecological province, it points out that the problems exist in the greenway construction and makes it clear that the greenway construction is very important. Furthermore, in combination with the linear green open spaces, such as greening passages, tourist areas, and administration facilities in Zhejiang Province, this article puts forward the strategic ideas of the greenways construction and the strategies, measures to apply the greenways construction.

  13. SWOT Analysis of Vinegar Export of Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王业璇

    2012-01-01

      This article is based on the SWOT theory, and analyze the vinegar export situations of Shanxi province. Finding out the opportunities and challenges the vinegar plants confronts is this article’s main purpose.

  14. Evidences for a volcanic province in the Central Indian Basin

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Iyer, S.D.; Sudhakar, M.

    Based on various lines of evidence such as the widespread occurrence of basalts, pumice, volcanic glass shards and their transformational products (zeolites, palagonites, and smectite-rich sediments), we suggest the presence of a volcanic province...

  15. Geologic Provinces of Southeast Asia, 2000 (prv3bl)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This coverage includes arcs, polygons and polygon labels that describe U.S. Geological Survey defined geologic provinces of Southeast Asia (Brunei, Indonesia,...

  16. Comparative Study on Property Income of Farmers in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DONG Hong

    2012-01-01

    According to statistic data of Shaanxi Province during 1997 to 2010,I conducted a comparative analysis on farmers’ property income from region,urban and rural factors and structure,established regression model,and studied the relationship between farmers’ property income and gross income.Results show that the growth of average property income of farmers in Shaanxi Province is clearly slow,and the gap is widening from the average national level;except 2001 and 2002,the average property income of urban and rural residents of Shaanxi Province kept a great difference;the proportion of rural residents’ property income is very small,basically not higher than 3%;there is a significant correlation between the property income and gross income of farmers in Shaanxi Province.Energetically developing rural economy and increasing farmers’ property are favorable to growth of farmers’ property income.

  17. South America Province Boundaries, 1999 (prv6ag)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — South America is part of Region 6 (Central and South America) for the World Energy Assessment. South America was divided into 107 geologic provinces as background...

  18. Basin and Range Province, Western US, USGS Grids, #1

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These grid files were used to produce gravity and basin depth maps of the Basin and Range Province, western United States. The maps show gravity values and modeled...

  19. Alumina Producers in Shandong Province Allied to Win Negotiation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Faced with the soaring bauxite price,five alu- mina producers in Shandong Province jointly established Shangdong Bauxite Import Compa- nies Club to gain a better position in price ne- gotiation with foreign counterparts by getting

  20. Geologic provinces of Iran, 2000 (prv2cg)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This data set includes arcs, polygons, and polygon labels for geologic and petroleum provinces interpreted and designated by R.M. Pollastro based on numerous...

  1. STRATEGY OF MAIZE'S CONCENTRATING TO ADVANTAGE AREAS IN JILIN PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIANG Hui-ming; GU Li-li

    2003-01-01

    Jilin Province is one of the main grain-producing provinces of China, which has dominant position in maize production, by the view of its advantages in policy, location, breed and market. And after entering WTO,some measures have been taken to enhance maize competitive ability. But there are some difficulties in concentrating production to maize advantaged areas. This paper expounds the basis that Jilin Province becomes the advantage area of maize, analyzes the problems and puts forward the supporting policy. Some strategic measures are proposed,as developing comparable advantages, carrying out the strategy of un-equilibrium development and cultivating advantaged product areas of maize to rapidly improve the international competitive ability and productivity of maize in Jilin Province, cast the agricultural predicament off and promote the agricultural development into a new stage.

  2. Geologic Provinces of the Far East, 2000 (prv3al)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This coverage includes arcs, polygons and polygon labels that describe U.S. Geological Survey defined geologic provinces of the Far East (China, Mongolia, North and...

  3. Basin and Range Province, Western US, USGS Grids #3

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These grid files were used to produce gravity and basin depth maps of the Basin and Range Province, western United States. The maps show gravity values and modeled...

  4. Basin and Range Province, Western US, USGS Grids #2

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These grid files were used to produce gravity and basin depth maps of the Basin and Range Province, western United States. The maps show gravity values and modeled...

  5. Development Strategy of Sugarcane Industry in Guangdong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Yue-gui; WU Jian-tao; YANG Jun-xian; LI Qi-wei; XIE Jing; PAN Fang-yin; WU Wen-long; LIU Fu-ye; DENG Hai-hua; QI Yong-wen

    2012-01-01

    Guangdong Province is one of the main producing areas of sugarcane in China, and one of China’s three regions with dominant advantage in sugarcane, having good basis and conditions for developing sugarcane industry. In this research, using the SWOT-AHP method, we set 20 assessment indicators (such as the regions with dominant advantage in sugarcane, huge demand for domestic sugar, increased production costs and backward system of sugarcane), to analyze the development strategy of sugarcane industry in Guangdong Province, from strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and challenges of sugarcane industrial development in Guangdong Province. The results show that in order to promote the development of sugarcane industry in Guangdong Province, it is necessary to adopt the SO development strategy (relying on its own strengths and using favorable external environment), to achieve the rapid development.

  6. Philonotis calcarea (Bryophyta in the Opole Province (Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stebel Adam

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Philonotis calcarea (Bruch & Schimp. Schimp. in Poland is a montane species, very rarely occurring in lowland, strictly protected by law. In the Opole Province till this time it has been known from four localities, reported from the 19th and first half of the 20th century. The paper presents description of the new locality and list of stations of P. calcarea in the Opole Province. Current distribution of this species is presented on the map.

  7. Development Prospect of Aromatherapy Industry in Yunnan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Peng, Ziyun; LI, Dantong; Rui CHEN; Qian, Min; Chen, Yiqi; YANG, Hongjun

    2014-01-01

    This paper firstly introduced domestic and foreign supply of products processed by aromatherapy plant. On the basis of predicting market demand of aromatherapy plant, it analyzed current development situation of the plant in Yunnan Province. It arrived at the conclusion that the industry has broad market prospect. Then, it analyzed competitive advantages and risk factors of aromatherapy plant in Yunnan Province. There are climate, location and price advantages, but due to lack of product stan...

  8. Infertility in Mazandaran province - north of Iran: an etiological study

    OpenAIRE

    Nadali Musanejad; Gholamali Jursarayee; Ayyub Barzegarnejad; Sepideh Peivandi; Narges Moslemizadeh; Amir Esmailnejad Moghaddam; Abbasali Karimpour Malekshah

    2011-01-01

    Background: The prevalence and etiology of infertility are not similar in different parts of the world. There are only few reports of this topic in Iran. Objective: This study was conducted to determine the clinical patterns and major causes of infertility in Mazandaran province in north of Iran. Materials and Methods: The medical records of 3734 consecutive couples attending two infertility clinics in Mazandaran province, from 2003 to 2008, were reviewed. The couples had not had a viable bir...

  9. Developing Potential of Low-carbon Agriculture in Heilongjiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Hui; Li Cui-xia; Chen Yao; Fu Rao

    2012-01-01

    Based on the trace of origin and development process of low-carbon economy, the paper defined the concept of low- carbon agriculture. As a case, the development of low-carbon advantage and disadvantage of agriculture in Heilongjiang Province made a systematic analysis of factors; it based on the empirical and comparative analysis of low-carbon development in Heilongjiang Province and put forward countermeasures and suggestions of agriculture. At last, the low-carbon agriculture was prospected in the future.

  10. DEA Analysis of Agricultural Production Efficiency in Hainan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Tang, Yao-yan; Cai, Dui

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of summarizing some literatures regarding research of agricultural production efficiency by using DEA at home, we conduct empirical analysis on agricultural production efficiency in 18 cities or counties of Hainan Province in the year 2002, 2005 and 2008 by using DEA model. The results show that in 2005 Hainan Province suffered from unusual drought and windstorm, which made the effective value of agricultural production in all cities or counties relatively low; the regions with D...

  11. Church Tourism in Batangas Province, Philippines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JAYZEL ANN. T. DE CASTRO

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Church tourism has clearly increased over the past ten years. Churches are an important part of the tourism product of many parts of the country. This study aimed to determine the contribution of the churches in terms of social, cultural and economic aspects of the place, to identify the problems encountered in the promoting church tourism and propose plan of action to sustain the tourism of the Province of Batangas through churches. The researchers used the descriptive method of research and utilized self-made questionnaire as the main data gathering instrument of the study. The respondents were consisting of 5 people in the offices of the pilgrim churches from Batangas City and 10 churchgoers. The respondents agree that pilgrim churches contribute to tourism in terms of social and economics aspect while they strongly agree in term of cultural aspect. The most commonly experienced problems were the accessibility of the transportation and an action plan was proposed to address the problems encountered. The recommendation addressed that roving guards should be provided to ensure the safety and security of the tourists during their visit in the church. The church personnel may provide creative and command activities that will encourage people. Also they may have a briefing about the history of the church so that if visitor needs information it easy for them to answer and an action plan may be implemented to solve the problem encountered.

  12. Dinoflagellates of the Trentino Province, Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanna FLAIM

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available The Trentino Province (Italy has more than 320 lakes diverse in size, geological substrate, altitude and trophic status, and representing most physico-chemical types of temperate lakes. A recent research project (SALTO offered the opportunity to study the dinoflagellate flora of 27 of these water bodies representing all lake types. In this paper 34 taxa of dinoflagellates assigned to eight genera (Ceratium, Glenodiniopsis, Glochidinium, Gymnodinium, Gyrodinium, Peridinium, Peridiniopsis and Tovellia in five families (Ceratiaceae, Glenodiniopsidaceae, Gymnodiniaceae, Peridiniaceae and Tovelliaceae and four genera of uncertain collocation (Baldinia, Borghiella, Durinskia and Staszicella are described. Two previously undescribed species and two new combinations are also included. Classification is based in part on Popovsk´y and Pfiester (1990, modified according to the results of recent molecular and ultrastructural analyses. Dinoflagellate taxonomy is currently undergoing extensive revision, and taxonomic decisions in the present article follow the recent orientations in dinoflagellate systematics. The taxonomical issues of the more problematic genera are discussed. Where appropriate, comments on ecological features of the species are also given.

  13. Survey of premarital pregnancy in seven provinces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    She, W

    1998-06-01

    This article provides data on premarital pregnancy by marriage cohort during 1946-91, and pregnancy outcomes (abortion or birth) in China. Data were obtained from the 1992 Premarital Pregnancy Survey conducted by the Population Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. The sample includes 10,234 married women aged 20-44 years from 7 provinces and municipalities: Shanghai, Shandong, Guangdong, Jilin, Sichuan, Shaanxi, and Ningxia. Premarital pregnancy increased steadily over time, especially during 1987-91. The trend was stable and consistent in rural areas. In urban areas, trends varied by cohort. Premarital pregnancy dipped substantially in the 1967-71 cohort, and somewhat in the 1957-61, 1977-81, and 1982-86 cohorts. Pregnancy outcomes in delivery of an infant rose on a stable basis over time, especially in rural areas. Abortion before marriage fluctuated widely by cohort. Abortions were particularly low in the 1967-71 cohort. Despite the lower premarital pregnancy level in 1957-61, abortion was relatively higher. Premarital pregnancy reflects cultural, social, political, and physiological contexts. The high abortion rate and the low premarital pregnancy rate were attributed to the famine in 1959-61 that swept across China. Low premarital pregnancy among the 1967-71 cohort is attributed to the strict moral standards adopted during the early part of the Cultural Revolution. A closer analysis of the 1957-61 cohort reveals that educational attainment is related to premarital pregnancy. Premarital pregnancy varies by residence and region. PMID:12293909

  14. ICT Strategic Planning for Mazandaran Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Shojaie

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Today, regarding rapid changes in the environment, any organization, institution or country that overlooks its capabilities, strengths and weaknesses, will face real challenges. Strategic planning in organizations is a common response to these challenges which also facilitate achieving goals in an organization. Today, the importance of ICT is increased, which necessitates ICT strategic planning to use ICT in organizations. So, this study aimed to propose ICT strategic plans for Mazandaran province. For this end, at first using stakeholders' viewpoints, the vision, mission and goals are provided. Then, Internal & External Matrix was suggested and identified factors were ranked using Analytic Network Processing (ANP. Then, concerning strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats, and using SWOT analysis, ICT strategies were provided. Finally, using QSPM matrix, the strategies were ranked. Regarding this ranking, dedicated budget to ICT in governmental organizations, using integration architecture, developing organizational and inter-organizational information systems, developing mechanisms to absorb national and local financial resources for extending ICT infrastructures and finally concerning ICT trainings for managers and people, were in the top of the list.

  15. Municipal solid waste management in Cartago province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia M. Soto-Córdoba

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper resumes the principals results obtained by the grant EUROPEAID/126635/M/ACT/CR”, that was realized by FUNDATEC, and whose bene­ficiary was the “Federación de Municipalidades de Cartago, Costa Rica”, the Project received a funding of 74,920 euros. We work with all the Municipalities of the Cartago Province. In addition, we show the results of the interviews of social actors, visits to the recycle sites, visits of municipalities, during the years 2010, 2011 and 2012, and the review of literature. We describe the actual situation of the management of solid waste in Cartago, determinate the gene­ration rates by person and identified the principal landfill disposes, the recycle companies and deter­minate the main problems associated with the solid waste. It is hope that the information presented here, pro­vides the basis for the future construction of plans of municipal solid waste management, and for the capacitation of community organization in the pro­vince of Cartago.

  16. 秋月荻花瑟瑟胡曲——从《琵琶行》看白居易的西域音乐情结%On Bai Chuyi's Affection for Music from the Western Regions Embodied in The Song of a Lute

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宿月

    2009-01-01

    白居易对西域音乐情有独钟,他在许多诗歌中都表现出对西域音乐的独特感受.他将对西域音乐的理解领悟力与其西域情结相沟通,用形象生动的语言意象,为人们呈现出对西域音乐与众不同的感受,生动再现西域音乐特色.而中对琵琶女演奏技艺的精湛描摹,更体现了他对西域音乐的高超鉴赏力和音乐素养,将西域音乐的特性表现得淋漓尽致.%Bai Chuyi (772-846) had a deep affection for the music from the Western Regions, both north and south of the Tianshan Mountains. With a special love to the Western Regions, he had expressed his unique un-derstanding of the music in the lines of his poems with vivid images. This paper discusses about his affection for the music by a case study of his poem The Song of a Lute, in which he had given a vivid description of the lute-pla-ying girl's skills. And the author thinks that such a description present the readers the nature of the music from the Western Regions, and his own unusual taste for music as well.

  17. 媒介化语境中的民族文化“断裂代"——剑川县石龙白族村的个案研究%On "Breaking Generation" of Ethnic Cultures under the Media Context -- Case Study of Bai People's Shilong Village of Jianchuan County

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙信茹; 薛园

    2012-01-01

    在媒介化社会的深入影响之下,大众传媒成为少数民族地区文化传承的重要语境。受到来自经济发展、社会流动、思想观念等多重因素的影响,在本应作为文化传承中流砥柱的年轻人身上却出现了断裂,文化的发展传承也进而随着这种“断裂代”出现“断裂带”。文章以一个白族村落为例,探究在媒介化的语境中,年轻人在本民族文化发展传承中的表现和特点,继而分析民族文化“断裂代”形成的原因以及现代媒介对于民族文化传承的影响和作用。%Under the thorough influence of the media society, the mass media becomes an important context for culture heritage in the minority nationality areas. Due to the effects of multiple factors, such as economic development, social mobility, thinking, etc., the young people who were supposed to be the pillar of the culture heritage appears to be a generation of breaking literature, which results in the breaking zones in the culture heritage accordingly. In this paper, we take a Bai ethnic minority village as an example to investigate the behaviors and the characteristics of the young generation that performs in their culture heritage under the media context, and to analyze the cause of the breaking generation in the ethnic culture and the impacts and the effects of the modern media on the culture heritage.

  18. 白族石头砌墙乡土建筑的价值与传承--以大理市银桥镇磻曲村为例%Study on the Inheritance and Value of Bai People's Stone Wall Vernacular Architecture:A Case of Panqu Village in Yinqiao Town of Dali City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨砚池

    2014-01-01

    The stone wall vernacular architecture is the indigenous creation of architectural culture of Bai ancestors living near Erhai Lake. In Panqu Village in Yinqiao Town, 44 ancient courtyards with an area of 48 acres are relatively well-preserved. Their location, layout, planning control, building style, and daily life customs have formed a unique regional culture, which is an important research topic for history, sociology, religion, art, architecture, and ecology. The protection of the ancient courtyards in Panqu Village should be based on the context, stick to the authenticity, develop the subjectivity, pay attention to the coordination, and focus on development, so as to achieve a virtuous circle between the vernacular architecture inheritance and the village development.%石头砌墙传统建筑是洱海流域白族先民创造的本土建筑文化。银桥镇磻曲村占地48亩的44个古民居院落保存较为完整,在选址布局、规划控制、建筑风格、起居习俗等方面形成了独特的地域文化,是历史学、社会学、宗教学、艺术学、建筑学、生态学等研究的重要宝库。磻曲村民居保护要立足文脉性、坚持原真性、发挥主体性、注重协调性、突出发展性,实现乡土建筑传承与村落发展的良性循环。

  19. 《源氏物语》中脱离困境的引导--三首白氏讽谕诗的异国阐释%Seeking a Way to Turn Their Fortunes Around in The Tale of Genji:On Bai Juyi's Allegorical Poems Used for Exotic Explanations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈建梅

    2015-01-01

    白居易的《上阳白发人》《李夫人》《陵园妾》等以后宫薄命美女为题材的讽谕诗对日本平安时代文学作品《源氏物语》影响深刻。紫式部对此三首诗的借鉴先后有别、递进有序,呈现出情感上的“怨与妒”“求不得”“戒而生”的变化与发展。这一借鉴特色是作者紫式部对当时贵族女性婚姻状况的思考,反映了女性重情的审美倾向,亦是其基于净土信仰对女性情殇出路所作的探索与尝试。%Bai Juyi's allegorical poems, themed by ill-fated women in the imperial palace, such as Shangyang Palace Maid, Ms. Lee and Concubines' Cemetery, etc, had profound impact on The Tale of Genji, a lit-erary works in Japan's Heian Period (from A.D. 794 to A.D. 1185). Murasaki Shikibu quoted the above three poems, which presented emotional changes from "resentment and jealousy", "failed pursuit" and"revitalization from abstaining". This reference features represented the women's aesthetic psychology. Murasaki Shikibu's used reference was successively different and progressively orderly, which reflected her thinking on aristocratic women's marriage disturbance in Heian Period and her exploring the way out.

  20. Women Images in Literary Works--Bai Xianyong"Peony Pavilion"as an example%男性作家文学作品中的女性形象--以白先勇《游园惊梦》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳蕾

    2013-01-01

    Based on Bai Xianyong"Peony Pavilion"as an example, to explore male writers feminine writing strategy to show the role of women what is psychological state. The results found, how to show women's subtle psychological can truthfully? Not only depends on the writer's personal sex, but a writer in writing whether eliminates due to gender discrimination, to return to the Yin and yang theory perfect harmony within a, this ideal just escape IO consubstantial delusion, gender transgression of marking theory and text reading strategy, may also further conflict or strengthen the boundary exists, it is worth our consideration.%  本文以白先勇《游园惊梦》为例,探讨男性作家阴性书写策略下所呈现出来的女性角色究竟是怎么样的心理状态呈现。结果发现,如何才能如实的展现女性微妙心理?并非仅只取决于作家个人的生理性别,而是作家在书写时是否泯除了因性别不同而来的差别待遇,达致理论派回返阴阳合一的完美内在和谐,这种理想追求只是逃遁入雌雄同体的妄想当中,性别的越界可标示理论思考与文本阅读策略,也可能进一步模糊了或强化了边界的存在,实是值得我们深思的。

  1. The Teles Pires volcanic province: A paleogeoproterozoic silicic-dominated large igneous province in southwest Amazon craton and tectonic implications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) are important features of the Earth history especially recognized during Paleo to Mezosoic times when they are related to the break up of supercontinents (Coffin and Eldhom, 1994). These provinces occur in several different tectonic settings such as volcanic passive margins, submarine ridges and continental and oceanic plateaux. Mafic-dominanted provinces are the most well known among the LIPs and the best examples are the Karoo, Kerguelem and Ontong-Java. LIPs including an important silicic component have been described in some basaltic provinces of southern Africa (Milner et al. 1992). More recently, silicic-dominated LIPs have been recognized in eastern Australia (Bryan et al., 2000), in southern South America (Pankhurst et al. 1998) and in Antartica Penninsula (Riley and Leat, 1999). The common characteristics of this kind of LIP include: 1) large volume of silicic rocks with dominance of ignimbrites, 2) active over 40 to 50 m.y.; and 3) spatially and temporally associated with plate break up. In this paper we present the main geologic and geochronologic characteristics of the Teles Pires volcanic province from southwest Amazon Craton, which allow its classification as a Paleoprotorozoic silicic-dominated LIP. Geologic implications of this suggestion includes the existence of a large cratonic plate as old as 1.81Ga for the Amazon Craton, therefore the proposed 1.85-1.55 Ga magmatic arc of Rio Negro-Juruena Province should be reviewed (au)

  2. 二甲双胍对首发精神分裂症白族患者代谢影响的对照研究%Metformin treatment of risperidone starting schizophrenia patients with the influence of bai metabolic control study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周锦泉; 董再文; 周雪; 李学智; 寸金芝

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨二甲双胍对利培酮治疗首发精神分裂症白族患者代谢的影响及效果。方法:将170例首发精神分裂症白族患者随机分为研究组(86例)和对照组(84例),在利培酮和心理治疗的基础上,研究组合并二甲双胍,对照组合并安慰剂,疗程5月,于治疗前及治疗后1、2、3、4、5月测定体重、体质量指数(BMI)、腰围、腰臀比等体重指标;治疗前及治疗5月后测定血压、空腹血糖、胰岛素敏感性、血脂、催乳素及肝功能变化等指标,并评定阳性和阴性症状量表( PANSS)及副反应量表(TESS)。结果:两组治疗5月后 INS、IRI、TG、ALT、GGT、BMI、腰围、腰臀比、体质量变化有高度差异(P <0.01),FBG、TC 有差异(P <0.05);研究组治疗3~4月及4~5月期间体重变化量明显低于对照组(P <0.01),研究组治疗前与治疗后5月 SBP、FBG、INS、IRI、TC、TG、LDL-C、ALT、GGT 有高度差异(P <0.01);而对照组仅有 SBP、INS、ALT、GGT 有高度差异(P <0.01), FBG、IRI 有差异(P <0.05)。两组 PANSS 减分率、TESS 评分差异无统计学意义(P <0.05)。结论:联用二甲双胍有益于利培酮治疗首发精神分裂症白族患者的糖脂等代谢,且不影响抗精神病药物治疗的疗效及耐受性。%Objective:Explore metformin treatment of risperidone starting schizophrenia patients with the metabolic influence and bai effect. Methods:170 cases of schizophrenia bai starting patients were randomly divided into the study group(86 cases)and the control group(n = 84),in risperdal and psychological therapy,and on the basis of the team with metformin,and the control group with placebo,treatment 5 months,before and after the treatment of treatment 1,2,3,4,5 months determination body weight,body mass in-dex(BMI),waist circumference,waist-hip ratio and weight indicator;Before treatment and treatment after 5 months were

  3. Flora of soil fungi in Khuzestan province\\\\\\'s oil regions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    vida dawoodi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available   Introduction: Many Species of fungi with ability to metabolize of petroleum hydrocarbons are known so far. These fungi are resistant in oil contaminated sites.This investigation aims at studying fungal population diversity in oil contaminated soils of Khuzestan province and identifying fungal flora in these regions .   Materials and methods: Crude oil contaminated soil samples were collected from different regions of Khuzestan province. For isolation and enumeration of total heterotrophic fungi, Potato Dextrose Agar medium supplemented with streptomycine was used. The isolated fungi were identified via morphological studies, staining by lactophenol cotton blue, observation with a light microscope and comparing with descriptive and canonizative refereces .   Results: Total fungal counts ranged from 0.41 × 102 to 3333.33 × 102 CFU/g. Isolated fungi belong to Aspergillus, Penicillium, Fusarium, Candida, Rhodotorula, Aureobasidium, Mucor, Rhizopus and Acremonium. Most dominant genera were Aspergillus and Penicillium .   Discussion and conclusion : Studies on isolation of fungi in oil containing environments showed that, abundance and fungal diversity in different stations significantly were different. The increase in the number of fungi in crude oil soils showes the probability of degradation and consumption of oil contaminated by fungi. Diversity and distribution of soil microbial population are determined by a number of environmental factors such as pH, electrical conductivity and soil organic matter .  

  4. Municipal solid waste management in Kurdistan Province, Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abduli, Mohammad Ali; Nasrabadi, Touraj

    2007-03-01

    Kurdistan Province, with an area of 28,203 square kilometers, is located in a mountainous area in the western part of Iran. From 1967 to 1997, the urban population in the major eight cities of the Kurdistan Province-namely, Baneh, Bijar, Divan Darreh, Saghez, Sanandaj, Ghorveh, Kamyaran, and Marivan-increased from 102,250 to 705,715. The proportion of the population residing in urban areas increased 90 percent during this period. In most of the cities, solid waste handling remains primitive, and well-organized procedures for it have not been established. Traditional methods of disposal, with marginal inclusion of modern conveniences, appear to be the common practice. In general, the shortcomings of the prevailing practices can be summarized as follows: The municipal solid waste management systems (MSWMSs) in this province include unsegregated collection and open dumping of municipal solid wastes. Separation of municipal solid waste in this province is in the hands of scavengers. The MSWMSs in this province lack essential infrastructure. Thus, design and implementation of modern MSWMSs in this province are essential. Principal criteria for and methods of implementing these systems are as follows: (1) rationally evaluating all functional elements so that they operate in a steady-state or equilibrium manner; (2) creating all support elements for the MSWMS in each city; (3) introducing gradual privatization of MSWMS activities; (4) creating guidelines, regulations, and instructions for all elements of MSWMSs; and (5) giving priorities to source separation and recycling programs. This paper reviews the present status of MSWMSs in eight major cities of Kurdistan Province and outlines the principle guidelines and alternatives for MSWMSs. PMID:17390903

  5. Edible Macrofungi of Çorum Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sinan Alkan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available According to the scientists, the world's population by 2050 is estimated to exceed 9 billion, in order to meet the nutritional needs of people, it is expected that in the future to need more food production than today. Therefore in the world, food organizations, institutions and communities various action plans provide in the reports published. In these plans, diversification of the production, fast, quick and easy way to produce food, less harmful farming practices to the nature and the environment, and etc. topics are included. In line these plans with last years, the greater the number of species used as food and with ease of cultivation, mushrooms and mushroom cultivations are gaining importance. For this purpose, the determination of the diversity of edible mushrooms in nature and investigation that how can be taken to culture, it will also provide support to the production of different species of mushrooms. In the field studies performed between 2011 and 2013, after taking pictures on their habitats mushroom samples, collected within the Çorum province limits, were brought to the laboratory wrapped in aluminum foil properly. After measuring and studying on special structures under a microscope in the laboratory, they were identified according to the literature. Fungarium tag were prepared for identified mushrooms. These mushrooms, made into the Fungarium materials, were stored in Fungarium of the Directorate of Mushroom Application and Research Centre of Selçuk University. In conclusion, according to the literature four taxa belong to Ascomycota and 52 taxa belong to Basidiomycota, in totally of 56 taxa were found to be edible feature. These 56 taxa were represented by two divisio, four ordo and 14 families. The localities of identified species in the provincial boundaries are given. The names of species known among people with ethno mycological research, done during field studies, also were detected.

  6. Spatial distribution of cancer in Kohgilooyeh and Boyerahmad province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Fararouei

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Spatial distribution of cancer is one of the powerful tools in epidemiology of cancer. The present study is designed to understand the geographical distribution of most frequent types of cancer in K&B province. Methods: All registered cases of cancer are reviewed and duplicate cases were removed. The data was analyzed using Arcgis software. Results: Of all registered cases, 1273  remained for analysis of which 57% were residences of urban areas. Cities including  Sisakht, Yasuj and Dehdsasht were shown to have highest incidence rates among the Urban areas. Dena, Sepidar and Kohmare Khaleghi had the highest rates among the rural areas in the province. Skin cancer was the most common type of cancer which had the highest rates of incidence in Sisakht and Dehdasht and Dena and Sepidar among urban and rural areas respectively. Conclusion: The distribution of cancer was not even in the province. Attitude and consumption of wild and regional plants are introduced as the potential risk factors for such a spatial distribution of the common cancers I the province. The results of this study could be used for further analytical studies to understand the regional etiology of cancer in the province.

  7. Hydrocarbon provinces and productive trends in Libya and adjacent areas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Missallati, A.A. (Agip (N.A.M.E.)Ltd., Tripoli (Libya))

    1988-08-01

    According to the age of major reservoirs, hydrocarbon occurrences in Libya and adjacent areas can be grouped into six major systems which, according to their geographic locations, can be classified into two major hydrocarbon provinces: (1) Sirte-Pelagian basins province, with major reservoirs ranging from middle-late Mesozoic to early Tertiary, and (2) Murzog-Ghadames basins province, with major reservoirs ranging from early Paleozoic to early Mesozoic. In the Sirte-Pelagian basins province, hydrocarbons have been trapped in structural highs or in stratigraphic wedge-out against structural highs and in carbonate buildups. Here, hydrocarbon generation is characterized by the combined effect of abundant structural relief and reservoir development in the same hydrocarbon systems of the same age, providing an excellent example of hydrocarbon traps in sedimentary basins that have undergone extensive tensional fracturing in a shallow marine environment. In the Murzog-Ghadames basins province, hydrocarbons have been trapped mainly in structural highs controlled by paleostructural trends as basement arches which acted as focal points for oil migration and accumulation.

  8. Urbanization of Jilin Province and Its Spatial Pattern

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Bo; GUO Qinghai; Dou Sen

    2006-01-01

    Urbanization is a crucial criterion of assessing a nation's or a particular region's level of modernization. It has been accelerated all over the world in the 21th century. The main purpose of this research is to provide a strategy of spatial pattern ofurbanization for rural areas in Jilin Province based on the reality of economic development in Jilin and the imbalance of natural resources distribution. The strategy divides the nine central cities of Jilin Province into three economic circles. The outer economic circle, open circle, includes Yanbian, Baishan, Tonghua and Baicheng, covering the eastern and western parts of Jilin Province. The middle one includes Jilin, Liaoyuan, Siping and Songyuan. The inner one, centring as Changchun, includes Gongzhuling, Yitong, Nong'an, Jiutai and Dehui. It needs to centre as Changchun which has the good foundation of economic development and more economic increase, then by economic effect extending out gradually, other areas develop subsequently. To construct Jilin as a green ecological province, cultivation in the outer circle should be controlled, with the main aim to recover grassland. Large population should be moved to other places by developing labor economy. From economy and ecology, to decrease the load of the land can reduce the loss of the resources and benefit the balance of ecology. Subsequently, the whole province's economy will be developed sustainably.

  9. Landscape Analysis of Geographical Names in Hubei Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xixi Chen

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Hubei Province is the hub of communications in central China, which directly determines its strategic position in the country’s development. Additionally, Hubei Province is well-known for its diverse landforms, including mountains, hills, mounds and plains. This area is called “The Province of Thousand Lakes” due to the abundance of water resources. Geographical names are exclusive names given to physical or anthropogenic geographic entities at specific spatial locations and are important signs by which humans understand natural and human activities. In this study, geographic information systems (GIS technology is adopted to establish a geodatabase of geographical names with particular characteristics in Hubei Province and extract certain geomorphologic and environmental factors. We carry out landscape analysis of mountain-related geographical names and water-related geographical names respectively. In the end, we calculate the information entropy of geographical names of each county to describe the diversity and inhomogeneity of place names in Hubei province. Our study demonstrates that geographical names represent responses to the cultural landscape and physical environment. The geographical names are more interesting in specific landscapes, such as mountains and rivers.

  10. Epidemiology of cancer in Mazandaran province 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faezeh Norouzi Nejad1

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available (Received 11 April, 2009 ; Accepted 8 July, 2009AbstractBackground and purpose: Cancer is the second most common cause of death in developed countries and third in less developed countries. The incidence of the different histological types of cancer varies greatly between various populations and is attributed to occupational, social, cultural, racial, and geographic influences. The objective of this study was to determine and register all cases of cancer among population of Mazandaran province, during the year of .Materials and methods: Characteristics of all registered malignancies were obtained from records in histopathology and radiology clinical, hospitals and deaths certificated in Mazandaran using the International Classification of Disease (ICD, with data being analyzed using ASR, Excel and spss soft ware.Results: A total of . patients with cancers were found during this study. These, .. were males and . (.% females. Age standardized rate (ASR for all cancers in males and females were 1. and . Respectively. The most common malignancies among females were breast (. skin (., colon and rectum cancers (..In men, stomach (42.41, skin (. and esophagus (. were the most common cancers respectively. Infiltrating duct carcinoma, was the most common histopathological types of tumors (69. in breast cancer. The most common morphology in stomach cancer was adenocarcinoma, (..Conclusion: Distribution of malignant disorders in our population is different from other regions. Therefore, it appears necessary to have a valid health policy for prevention. Consequently, it is necessary to have a valid health policy for prevention and control of this problem.Key words: J Mazand Univ Med

  11. Health Technology Assessment of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yueze Liu; Jianwen Cao; Zuxun Lu

    2004-01-01

    Assess the current status of MRI in Shanxi province by health technology assessment method to provide suggestion and guidelines for future government decisions on the procurement and installation of new high-tech medical equipments. All of the 21 hospitals installed MRIs were surveyed.The results showed that 1 ) Diffusion of MRI is consistent with the economic development in different regional districts and hospital levels in Shanxi province. 2) There are better monetary returns of MRI in higher level hospitals than lower level hospitals. 3) Most MRIs in Shanxi province had been running at a loss, and the first class tertiary level hospitals had been making profit from providing MRI services to patients. 4) Better cost-benefit accorded with higher hospital level, more patients serviced etc. 5 ) The biggest investment risk is the initial purchase and installation of MRI. 6) Positive rates and veracity of MRI diagnosis were higher. 7) MRI is a safe equipment.

  12. Empirical Analysis of Agricultural Production Efficiency in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    This article analyses the agricultural production efficiency of all cities and areas in Shaanxi Province in the period 2006-2009 using data envelopment analysis method,and compares the agricultural production efficiency between all cities and areas.The results show that the agricultural production efficiency and scale efficiency of agriculture of Shaanxi Province are high on the whole,but the efficiency of agricultural technology is very low,agricultural development still relies on factor inputs,and the driving role of technological progress is not conspicuous.Finally the following countermeasures are put forward to promote agricultural productivity in Shaanxi Province:improve the construction of agricultural infrastructure,and increase agricultural input;accelerate the project of extending agricultural technology into households,and promote the conversion and use rate of agricultural scientific and technological achievements;establish and improve industrial system of agriculture,and speed up the building of various agricultural cooperative economic organizations.

  13. Overview of Land Consolidation in Anhui Province and Recommendations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei; WANG; Zhongxiang; YU

    2015-01-01

    The land consolidation projects in Anhui Province have brought huge economic and social benefits and made active contribution to increasing integrated grain productivity,stabilizing farmland area,increasing farmers’ income,accelerating new socialist countryside construction,and promoting integrated urban and rural development. With more than ten years of exploration and attempt,land consolidation,reclamation and development of Anhui Province has established relatively complete policy,technical and business type regulations. However,there are still some weak links and problems,leading to slow project progress,and quality up to standard,fund management not standardized,and the masses not satisfactory for few projects. It summarized experience and achievements of rural land consolidation in Anhui Province and elaborated major existing problems in management of project implementation. Finally,it came up with pertinent recommendations for project implementation in rural land consolidation.

  14. A Low-Li Geochemical Province in the NE Atlantic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bailey, J. C.; Gwozdz, R.

    1978-01-01

    , over 20° of latitude and regardless of basalt type and chemistry. This low-Li province and the increasing Li contents of ocean-ridge tholeiites into the S Atlantic are believed to monitor Li heterogeneity in the underlying mantle. Li, like Na, increases gently during the differentiation of several......Lithium was analysed in 392 basalts and related igneous rocks from the North Atlantic Tertiary-Recent province using activation analysis and Čerenkov counting. Monotonous Li values of 5.5±2 ppm in NE Atlantic basalts define a low-Li geochemical province which has persisted for 60 million years...... basalt series. No whole-rock coherence is observed between Li and Mg, K, Rb or Ca. Mantle phlogopite is considered to play an insignificant rôle in controlling the Li levels of NE Atlantic basalts....

  15. The Mycetophagidae (Coleoptera of the Maritime Provinces of Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Majka

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The Mycetophagidae (hairy fungus beetles of the Maritime Provinces of Canada are surveyed. Seven species in the genera Mycetophagus, Litargus, and Typhaea are found in the region. Six new provincial records are reported including Mycetophagus punctatus and Mycetophagus flexuosus, whichare newly recorded in the Maritime Provinces. The distribution of all species is mapped, colour habitus photographs of all species are figured, and an identification key to species is provided. The discussion notes that four of the species found in the region are apparently rare, possibly due to the history of forest management practices in the region; a situation similar to that of a significant proportion of other saproxylic beetles found in the Maritime Provinces.

  16. Measuring Convergence using Dynamic Equilibrium Models: Evidence from Chinese Provinces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pan, Lei; Posch, Olaf; van der Wel, Michel

    We propose a model to study economic convergence in the tradition of neoclassical growth theory. We employ a novel stochastic set-up of the Solow (1956) model with shocks to both capital and labor. Our novel approach identifies the speed of convergence directly from estimating the parameters which...... determine equilibrium dynamics. The inference on the structural parameters is done using a maximum-likelihood approach. We estimate our model using growth and population data for China’s provinces from 1978 to 2010. We report heterogeneity in the speed of convergence both across provinces and time...

  17. Malaria in Zhejiang Province, China, from 2005 to 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Hualiang; Yao, Linong; Zhang, Lingling; Zhang, Xuan; Lu, Qiaoyi; Yu, Kegen; Ruan, Wei

    2015-01-01

    To summarize the changing epidemiological characteristics of malaria in Zhejiang Province, China, we collected data on malaria from the Chinese Notifiable Disease Reporting System (NDRS) and analyzed them. A total of 2,738 malaria cases were identified in Zhejiang Province from 2005 to 2014, of which 2,018 were male and 720 were female. Notably, only 7% of malaria cases were indigenous and the other cases were all imported. The number of malaria cases increased from 2005 to 2007, peaked in 20...

  18. Note on Cladonia species (lichenized Ascomycota from Ardahan province (Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Osyczka

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper is the first report on Cladonia species from Ardahan, a north-eastern province of Turkey. A circumpolar boreal-low arctic species, Cladonia acuminata, rarely reported from Asia, and the recently described Cladonia monomorpha are reported as new for Turkey. Their detailed descriptions and taxonomical remarks are provided. Localities of other ascertained Cladonia species in the province supplement the knowledge of their distribution patterns in the country. In addition, the typically corticolous/lignicolous species Vulpicida pinastri is mentioned as also growing on primary squamules and podetia of C. pyxidata.

  19. RTG resource book for western states and provinces: Final proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-12-31

    The Western Interstate Energy Board held a workshop and liaison activities among western states, provinces, and utilities on the formation of Regional Transmission Groups (RTGs). Purpose of the activities was to examine the policy implications for western states and provinces in the formation of RTGs in the West, the implications for western ratepayers and utilities of the RTG formation and potential impacts of RTGs on the western electricity system. The workshop contributed to fulfilling the transmission access and competition objectives of Title VII of the Energy Policy Act of 1992.

  20. Empirical Analysis on the Determinants of Economic Growth in Shaanxi Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Status of economic development in Shaanxi Province is analyzed, showing that Shaanxi Province has achieved the fast and stable economic growth; and total GDP and fixed assets investment have shown a sustainable growth. According to the time series statistics of Shaanxi Province in the years 1978-2008, Cobb-Douglas Function is used to carry out the empirical analysis on the contribution of fixed assets investment and labor input to economic growth of Shaanxi Province, China. Result shows that capital and labor input are the major driving forces for the economic growth of Shaanxi Province. In other words, economic growth mode of Shaanxi Province is still extensive. Economic growth of Shaanxi Province is increasingly dependent on capital investment and technological progress. Contribution rates of capital and labor to economic growth are 66.9% and 33.1%, respectively. Therefore, investment is a source of economic growth in Shaanxi Province through the reform and opening up in the last three decades.

  1. Actuality and Influencing Factors of Integrated Production Capacity of Foodstuff in Heilongjiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou Hui-qiu; Zhang De-hua

    2012-01-01

    Heilongjiang Province is an important marketable grain depot in China. Since the reform and opening up, Heilongjiang Province production capacity of foodstuff is increasingly growing into a new level. This paper started with the actuality of Heilongjiang Province integrated production capacity of foodstuff, and analyzed its major factors empirically through the mathematical model, then proposed some measures to enhance Heilongjiang Province production capacity of foodstuff which ensured China foodstuff security

  2. Total Petroleum Systems of the Illizi Province, Algeria and Libya—Tanezzuft-Illizi

    OpenAIRE

    Klett, T.R.

    2000-01-01

    Undiscovered conventional oil and gas resources were assessed within a total petroleum system of the Illizi Province (2056) as part of the U.S. Geological Survey World Petroleum Assessment 2000. The Illizi Province is in eastern Algeria and a small portion of western Libya. The province and its total petroleum system coincide with the Illizi Basin. Although several total petroleum systems may exist within the Illizi Province, only one “composite” total petroleum system is identified. This ...

  3. Study on the Driving Forces of Rocky Desertification in Guizhou Province Based on Variation Coefficient Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to study the driving forces of rocky desertification in Guizhou Province. [Method] Based on GIS and RS technology, the main driving forces of rocky desertification in Guizhou Province were analyzed by means of correlation analysis and variation coefficient method, and then the distribution of rocky desertification in Guizhou Province was assessed synthetically. [Result] The main driving forces of rocky desertification in Guizhou Province were vegetation cover, rainfall, peasant incom...

  4. Some Environmental Consequences of Large Igneous Provinces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coffin, M. F.

    2009-12-01

    The formation of large igneous provinces (LIPs)—continental flood basalts, ‘volcanic’ margins, and oceanic plateaus—may impact the atmosphere, oceans, and biosphere by rapidly releasing huge amounts of particulates, magmatic volatiles (CO2, SO2, Cl, F, etc.), and potentially volatiles (CO2, CH4, SO2, etc.) from intruded sediments (e.g., carbonates, organic-rich shales, evaporites). A key factor affecting the magnitude of volatile release is whether eruptions are subaerial or marine; hydrostatic pressure inhibits vesiculation and degassing of relatively soluble volatile components (H2O, S, Cl, F) in deep water submarine eruptions, although low solubility components (CO2, noble gases) are mostly degassed even at abyssal depths. Directly or indirectly, such injections may cause changes in the atmosphere/ocean system that can lead to perturbations of atmosphere/ocean chemistry, circulation, ecology, and biological productivity. These changes can be global in extent, particularly if environmental conditions were at or near a threshold state or tipping point. LIPs may have been responsible for some of the most dramatic and rapid changes in the global environment. For example, between ~145 and ~50 Ma, the global ocean was characterized by chemical and isotopic variations (especially in C and Sr isotope ratios, trace metal concentrations, and biocalcification), relatively high temperatures, high relative sea level, episodic deposition of black shales (oceanic anoxic events), high production of hydrocarbons, mass extinctions of marine organisms, and radiations of marine flora and fauna. Temporal correlations between the intense pulses of igneous activity associated with LIP formation and environmental changes suggest more than pure coincidence. The 1783-84 eruption of Laki on Iceland provides the only historical record of the type of volcanism that constructs transient LIPs. Although Laki produced a basaltic lava flow representing only ~1% of the volume of a typical

  5. 基于肠“神经-免疫”网络的白术茯苓汤不同配比干预脾气虚型克罗恩病机制研究的探讨%Exploration and Discussion on Mechanisms of Different Proportional Compatibility ofBai-Zhu Fu-Ling Decoction Interfering Spleen-QiDeficiency Crohn's Disease by Intestinal Nerve-immune Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘兴隆; 李晓红; 岳美颖; 钟强; 贾波; 闫华; 祝捷; 张丰华; 彭腾; 姜岑; 林薇; 莫书容

    2014-01-01

    s: The onset of Crohn’s disease (CD) is the interaction of environment, heredity, infection, immune and other factors. It is also closely related to abnormal immune functions. Without special treatment, CD is identified as a modern refractory disease. By syndrome differentiation and treatment, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) can effectively relieve disease conditions, improve the quality of life and reduce side effects of modern medication. The core compatibility ofBai-Zhu andFu-Ling can reinforce spleen-qi and dispel dampness, which met the common pathogenesis of CD. Therefore, the combination is comprehensively used in the compound prescription. Our previous study found thatBai-Zhu Fu-Ling decoctioncan reduce the vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) of animal model of spleen-qi deficiency, downregulate VIP receptors, decrease the affinity of VIP receptors and improve animal model’s sIgA. To further clarify the effects about neurotransmitters and their correlation with the immune system in the pathogenesis of CD and the intervention mechanism treated by different proportional compatibility ofBai-Zhu Fu-Ling decoction, we studied influences of the decoction on related transmitters of nerve- immune network and functions of receptors, as well as cytokine secretion and signal transduction of TLR4-NF-κB. Our studies can provide references and foundations to further explore TCM treatment of CD.%克罗恩病(CD)的发生与环境、遗传、感染和免疫等多种因素相关,因缺乏特异性治疗措施,是现代难治性疾病之一。中医通过辨证论治,可以有效缓解病情、改善生存质量、减轻西药的副作用。白术、茯苓配伍正好契合CD脾虚夹湿的常见病机,是治疗CD的核心配伍结构。前期研究显示白术茯苓汤可降低脾虚模型VIP、下调VIP受体、升高sIgA。为进一步明确神经递质及其与免疫系统的相互关联在CD发病中的作用及该方不同配比的干预机制,

  6. China's Most Populous Province to Ban Fetus Sex Identification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Henan, the most populous province in central China,is plagued by an excessively high sex ratio imbalance at birth in certain parts of the province. To ameliorate the situation, the province will enact regulations to ban non-medically necessary fetus gender identification and sex-selective abortions.

  7. The marine mollusk fauna of the Virginian area as a basis for defining Zoogeographical provinces

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coomans, H.E.

    1962-01-01

    The marine fauna of the American Atlantic coast between Cape Cod and Cape Hatteras, the Virginian area, is placed by zoogeographers in different provinces: in the Transatlantic, or in the Boreal province. It is sometimes considered to be a province of its own, or only a transition between the Boreal

  8. Contribution to the knowledge of Neoperla (Plecoptera: Perlidae) from Hainan Province of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Zhi-Teng; Du, Yu-Zhou

    2016-01-01

    The species of the perlid genus Neoperla are reviewed from Hainan Province, China. Three species of Neoperla, N. minuta sp. nov., N. wuzhishana sp. nov., and N. sexlobata sp. nov. are described from this island province and compared with other taxa. A provisional key is presented to the known Neoperla males from Hainan Province. PMID:27470851

  9. Investigation of natural radioactivity level of the waters in Guangdong province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports the investigation results of natural radioactivity level in river, lake, reservoir, spring, tap water and offshore water in Guangdong Province and Hainan Province. There were totally 220 samples collected from 144 measuring points. The results show that the radioactivity level of varied water bodies of the province was within normal natural background

  10. Epidemiology of malt fever in Kermanshah province in 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yazdan Hamzavi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Brucellosis is a zoonotic, chronic and infectious disease in many developing countries, including Iran. This study investigated some of the epidemiological features of the disease in Kermanshah province in 2011. Methods: In this descriptive study, all of the patients with brucellosis reported to the health center of the province during the year 2011 were studied. The demographic and some epidemiologic parameters of the disease were recorded in the questionnaires. All collected data were analyzed using SPSS (version19 software. Results: Totally, 777 cases of brucellosis were reported to the health center of the province in 2011. The lowest incidence of brucellosis in the province was 40.8/100000 .The highest and lowest incidence rates were seen in Dalahoo (215.2/100 000 and Javanrood (12.6/100 000 districts, respectively. 47.4% of the patients were female and about half of the patients were under 30 years old. Raw milk was the most common cause of the disease consumed by 81.9% of the cases. Also, 87.6% of the patients were living in rural areas and the peak of disease was seen in the spring and summer months. Conclusion: Despite the significant reduction, it seems that the incidence of disease in some rural areas of the districts such as Dalahoo and Sarpol-e-Zahab are very high.

  11. Sindh Province, Pakistan Student Assessment : SABER Country Report 2012

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2012-01-01

    In 2012, Sindh Province, Pakistan joined the Russia Education Aid for Development (READ) trust fund program, the goal of which is to help countries improve their capacity to design, carry out, analyze, and use assessments for improved student learning. As part of the READ trust fund program, and in order to gain a better understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of its existing assessm...

  12. Punjab Province, Pakistan Student Assessment : SABER Country Report 2012

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2012-01-01

    In 2012, Punjab Province, Pakistan joined the Russia Education Aid for Development (READ) trust fund program, the goal of which is to help countries improve their capacity to design, carry out, analyze, and use assessments for improved student learning. As part of the READ trust fund program, and in order to gain a better understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of its existing assess...

  13. [Preliminary investigation on Paragonimus in Lvchun county of Yunnan province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Bin-Bin; Zhou, Ben-Jiang; Li, Ru-Qing; Bai, Zhong-Wen; Wu, Ou-Bao; Gao, Xiu-Fang

    2007-12-01

    69 crabs were collected from Daxing, Gekui and Niukong townships of Lvchun county, Yunnan Province in 2006 and excysted metacercariae were only obtained from crabs of Niukong. The infection rate was 27.6% (8/29) with an average metacercaria number of 2.25 each crab. No encysted metacercariae were found. The excysted metacercariae were morphologically identified as Paragonimus proliferus.

  14. Textile & Garment Export Situation from five Provinces in Nov

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Guangdong:The Decline Trend of Export Growth Rate Slowered In the first 11 months of 2008,the export of textile and garment in Guangdong province reached 30.8 billion USD,down 19.7%on the same periond of previous

  15. Quaternary basaltic volcanism in the Payenia volcanic province, Argentina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søager, Nina

    Pleistocene times. These basalts mark the end of a period of shallow subduction of the Nazca slab beneath the Payenia province and volcanism in the Nevado volcanic field apparently followed the downwarping slab in a north-northwest direction ending in the Northern Segment. The northern Payenia basalts...

  16. Farmers' Learning Strategies in the Province of Esfahan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karbasioun, Mostafa; Biemans, Harm; Mulder, Martin

    2008-01-01

    This study was designed to investigate changes in farming and to look at how farmers adapt to diverse changes in and around their farms in the province of Esfahan, Iran. It is part of a larger project aimed at developing a job competency profile for agricultural extension instructors (AEIs). One hundred and two farmers who had previously followed…

  17. Farmers' Learning Strategies in the Province of Esfahan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Karbasioun, M.; Biemans, H.J.A.; Mulder, M.

    2008-01-01

    This study was designed to investigate changes in farming and to look at how farmers adapt to diverse changes in and around their farms in the province of Esfahan, Iran. It is part of a larger project aimed at developing a job competency profile for agricultural extension instructors (AEIs). One hun

  18. Child Maltreatment among School Children in the Kurdistan Province, Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephenson, Rob; Sheikhattari, Payam; Assasi, Nazilla; Eftekhar, Hassan; Zamani, Qasem; Maleki, Bahram; Kiabayan, Hamid

    2006-01-01

    Objective: This study examines the determinants of three types of child maltreatment: physical maltreatment, mental maltreatment, and child neglect among school children in the Kurdistan Province of Iran. The analysis examines the impact of socioeconomic, familial, demographic, and household dynamic factors on the three child maltreatment…

  19. Peste des petits ruminants virus in Heilongjiang province, China, 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jingfei; Wang, Miao; Wang, Shida; Liu, Zaisi; Shen, Nan; Si, Wei; Sun, Gang; Drewe, Julian A; Cai, Xuehui

    2015-04-01

    During March 25-May 5, 2014, we investigated 11 outbreaks of peste des petits ruminants in Heilongjiang Province, China. We found that the most likely source of the outbreaks was animals from livestock markets in Shandong. Peste des petits ruminants viruses belonging to lineages II and IV were detected in sick animals. PMID:25811935

  20. Genotyping Cryptosporidium andersoni in cattle in Shaanxi Province, Northwestern China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guang-Hui Zhao

    Full Text Available The present study examined the prevalence and genotypes of Cryptosporidium andersoni in cattle in Shaanxi province, China. A total of 2071 fecal samples (847 from Qinchuan cattle and 1224 from dairy cattle were examined for the presence of Cryptosporidium oocysts, and 70 samples (3.4% were C. andersoni-positive and those positive samples were identified by PCR amplification of the small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA and the Cryptosporidium oocyst wall protein (COWP genes. C. andersoni was the only species found in the examined cattle in this province. Fifty-seven C. andersoni isolates were characterized into 5 MLST subtypes using multilocus sequence typing analysis, including a new subtype in the native beef breed Qinchuan cattle. All of these C. andersoni isolates presented a clonal genetic structure. These findings provide new insights into the genetic structure of C. andersoni isolates in Shaanxi province and basic data of Cryptosporidium prevalence status, which in turn have implications for controlling cryptosporidiosis in this province.

  1. Malaria Epidemiology in Mersin Province, Turkey from 2002 to 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M F AYDIN

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Malaria is an infectious disease caused by Plasmodium spp. with high morbidity and mortality in human in tropical and subtropical regions. In recent years, number of malaria cases has been significantly reduced because of fight with the disease in Turkey. This study intended to investigate the malaria epidemiology in Mersin Province from 2002 to 2011 using data from the provincial Public Health Directorate.Methods: Over ten years, 303573 blood samples were taken from the people by active and passive surveillance methods and blood smears were prepared. Smears were stained with Giemsa and examined under the microscope.Results: Totally, 73 people including 44 male and 29 female were positive in terms of Plasmodium spp. It was determined that P. vivax observed in 67 cases while P. falciparum in 6 cases. Cases were mainly observed in 15 to 44 years old range, showed an increase between June-September periods and a significant decrease after 2006. Out of the 73 malaria cases, 54 cases were from Mersin Province and 13 cases were imported from another province of Turkey. Six cases were transmitted from abroad.Conclusion: These results provide information about malaria epidemiology in an endemic area in Turkey and contribute its prevention in Mersin Province

  2. A STUDY ON TROUT BREEDING IN DUZCE PROVINCE

    OpenAIRE

    Akbulut, Süleyman; KETEN, Akif

    2009-01-01

    In this study, trout breeding facilities of Duzce Province, a suitable place for trout breeding, were evaluated. As a result of this evaluation, current status, capacities, and problems of trout breeding facilities were determined. Some suggestions were provided to solve these problems and increase the capacity of trout breeding facilities. Keywords: Duzce, Trout Breeding.

  3. A biogenic volatile organic compounds emission inventory for Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Zhi-hui; BAI Yu-hua; ZHANG Shu-yu

    2005-01-01

    The first detailed inventory for volatile organic compounds(VOC) emissions from vegetation over Yunnan Province, China was presented. The spatially and temporally resolved inventory was developed based on a geographic information system (GIS), remote sensing(RS) data and field measurement data, such as digitized land-use data, normalized difference vegetation index (NDVl) and temperature data from direct real-time measurement. The inventory has a spatial resolution of 5 km × 5 km and a time resolution of 1 h.Urban, agriculture, and natural land-use distributions in Yunnan Province were combined with biomass factors for each land-use category to produce a spatially resolved biomass inventory. A biogenic emission inventory was developed by combining the biomass inventory with hourly emission rates for tree, shrub and ground cover species of the study area. Correcting for environmental factors, including light intensity and temperature, a value of 1.1 × 1012 gC for total annual biogenic VOC emissions from Yunnan Province, including 6.1 × 1011 gCfor isoprene, 2.1 × 1011 gC for monoterpenes, and 2.6 × 1011 gC for OVOC was obtained. The highest VOC emissions occurred in the northwestern, southwestern and north region of Yunnan Province. Some uncertainties were also discussed in this study.

  4. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (Glomeromycota of soils of the Lubuskie province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sławomir Kowalczyk

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the year 2003, the occurrence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF of the phylum Glomeromycota in cultivated and uncultivated soils of the Lubuskie province was investigated. The occurrence of AMF was examined based on 56 root and rhizosphere soils collected under 7 species of cultivated and uncultivated plants growing in 28 localities. Spores of AMF were isolated from both field-collected samples and trap cultures. They were revealed in 100% of field soils and 93.8% of trap cultures and represented 7 of the 8 recognized genera of the Glomeromycota. The arbuscular fungi occurring distinctly more frequently in the soil and root samples examined were members of the genus Glomus. The species of AMF most frequently occurring in cultivated soils of the Lubuskie province were G. claroideum, G. constrictum, G. deserticola and G. mosseae, whereas G. claroideum, G. constrictum, G. deserticola, G. mosseae, and S. dipurpurescens were more frequently found in uncultivated sites. The analysis of similarity of the species composition of AMF populations in sites of the Lubuskie province and the Western Pomeranian province earlier examined showed that (1 the occurrence in Poland of most taxa of these fungi detected in the study presented here is even and does not change with time, (2 the communities of AMF area are stable, despite the arduousness resulting from the agricultural and chemical practices conducted, and (3 the species diversity of the plants cultivated in a long period of time has no influence on the species composition of populations of AMF.

  5. [Calculation of regional carbon emission: a case of Guangdong Province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhai, Shi-Yan; Wang, Zheng; Ma, Xiao-Zhe; Huang, Rui; Liu, Chang-Xin; Zhu, Yong-Bin

    2011-06-01

    By using IPCC carbon emission calculation formula (2006 edition), economy-carbon emission dynamic model, and cement carbon emission model, a regional carbon emission calculation framework was established, and, taking Guangdong Province as a case, its energy consumption carbon emission, cement production CO2 emission, and forest carbon sink values in 2008-2050 were predicted, based on the socio-economic statistical data, energy consumption data, cement production data, and forest carbon sink data of the Province. In 2008-2050, the cement production CO2 emission in the Province would be basically stable, with an annual carbon emission being 10-15 Mt C, the energy consumption carbon emission and the total carbon emission would be in inverse U-shape, with the peaks occurred in 2035 and 2036, respectively, and the carbon emission intensity would be decreased constantly while the forest carbon sink would have a fluctuated decline. It was feasible and reasonable to use the regional carbon emission calculation framework established in this paper to calculate the carbon emission in Guangdong Province. PMID:21941757

  6. Remediation of Legacy Arsenic Mining Areas in Yunnan Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian H. von Lindern

    2011-01-01

    Conclusions. The success of the demonstration project was recognized and has provided direction and momentum for a wider effort by the Province to address mining pollution and water contamination challenges. It demonstrates the success of using known techniques for environmental remediation in the US, with local partners in China responding to their communities’ health and environmental problems.

  7. Large-Scale Survey for Tickborne Bacteria, Khammouan Province, Laos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vongphayloth, Khamsing; Vongsouvath, Malavanh; Grandadam, Marc; Brey, Paul T.; Newton, Paul N.; Sutherland, Ian W.; Dittrich, Sabine

    2016-01-01

    We screened 768 tick pools containing 6,962 ticks from Khammouan Province, Laos, by using quantitative real-time PCR and identified Rickettsia spp., Ehrlichia spp., and Borrelia spp. Sequencing of Rickettsia spp.–positive and Borrelia spp.–positive pools provided evidence for distinct genotypes. Our results identified bacteria with human disease potential in ticks in Laos. PMID:27532491

  8. Formal and Informal Rural Credit in Four Provinces of Vietnam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barslund, Mikkel Christoffer; Tarp, Finn

    This paper uses a survey of 932 rural households to uncover how the rural credit market operates in four provinces of Vietnam. Households obtain credit through formal and informal lenders. Formal loans are almost entirely for production and asset accumulation, while informal loans are used...... are striking. A ‘one size fits all' approach to credit policy in Vietnam would be inappropriate...

  9. Identification of mantle plumes in the Emeishan Large Igneous Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yi-Gang Xu; Jifeng Xu; Yue-Jun Wang; Bin He; Xiaolong Huang; Zhenyu Luo; Sun-Lin Chung; Long Xiao; Dan Zhu; Hui Shao; Wei-Ming Fan

    2007-01-01

    @@ The plume hypothesis has been recently challengedlargely because some fundamental aspects predicted bythe modeling of plumes are found to be lacking in someclassic hotspot regions. This review paper summarizesrecent achievements made in the late Permian Emeishan continental flood basalt province in southwest China.

  10. The deforestation of rural areas in the Lower Congo Province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iloweka, Ernest Manganda

    2004-12-01

    The Lower Congo is one of eleven provinces in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and is located southwest of Kinshasa Town Province. It has an area of approximately 53.947 km2 with a population of 1,504,361 at an estimated 237 persons per km2. The Province comprises five districts, including Lukaya and Cataracts where rural poverty is severe and the population struggle to make a living through agriculture and woodcutting. These activities result in excessive resource exploitation. The high demand for foodstuffs and the high consumption of wood (for energy, construction and export) in Kinshasa, the capital city of the Democratic Republic of Congo and the expanding towns of Matadi and Boma in the Lower Congo Province, are speeding the deforestation rate and unbalancing forest ecosystems. In addition there is the stress resulting from reduced josher (the rest period for agriculture ground), plus climate change and erosion. The phenomena that that we need to address in these two districts include deforestation, reduced josher, excessive agriculture, erosion, burning and climate change which taken together largely explain the current soil degradation. These areas are marked by excessive post deforestation savannah formation and extended areas of sandy soil, distributed throughout grass and shrub savannahs. This desertification, which is rampant in Lukaya and Cataracts, risks imprisoning the rural population in a vicious cycle of poverty if adequate solutions are not found. PMID:15641386

  11. Rice quality in relation to market prices in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENLijuan; FANXingming

    1996-01-01

    Factors affecting rice quality and their impacts on market price were investigated in this study. On-farm survey and market survey was undertaken in three selected sites namely Kunruing, Dali, and Xishuangbanna in Yunnan Province, China. Market sampling was conducted to determine important rice quality characteristics.

  12. An Epidemiological Study of Psychiatric Disorders in Hamadan Province , 2001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.R. Mohammadi

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available The burden of psychiatric disorders in the developed countries has been identified by the screening questionnaires and standard clinical interviews at a high level, but the epidemiological studies of psychiatric disorders in our country are brief and their numbers are few. Planning for providing essential mental health services to the people requires us to be knowledgeable about the present status of psychiatric disorders in the society. The objective of this research was to carry out the epidemiological study of the psychiatric disorders in the individuals 18 years and above in urban and rural areas of Hamadan province. 664 individuals selected through randomized clustered and systematic sampling methods among the existing families of Hamadan province and the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia (SADS questionnaires completed by the clinical psychologist. The diagnosis of the disorders was based on DSM-IV classification criteria.The results of the study showed that the overall prevalence of psychiatric disorders in the province was 11.28% (17.2% in women , 5.8% in men. The anxiety and mood disorders with 5.87 and 2.71% respectively had the highest prevalence in the province. The prevalence of psychotic disorders in this study was 0.60% , neuro- cognitive disorders 1.35% and dissociative disorders 0.75%. In the group of mood disorders, major depression with 2.56% and in the group of anxiety disorders, phobia with 2.56% had the higher prevalence. This study showed that 8.13% of studied individuals suffered from at least one of the psychiatric disorders. The prevalence of psychiatric disorders in the province among the individuals in the age group of 66 years and above was 13.33%, individuals whose spouses had passed away 18.75%, urban residents of province 9.81%, illiterate individuals 12.80% and housewife individuals 12.31% was more than other individuals in the sample. Being aware of this matter reveals the responsibility of the

  13. Uranium provinces of North America; their definition, distribution, and models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finch, Warren Irvin

    1996-01-01

    Uranium resources in North America are principally in unconformity-related, quartz-pebble conglomerate, sandstone, volcanic, and phosphorite types of uranium deposits. Most are concentrated in separate, well-defined metallogenic provinces. Proterozoic quartz-pebble conglomerate and unconformity-related deposits are, respectively, in the Blind River?Elliot Lake (BRELUP) and the Athabasca Basin (ABUP) Uranium Provinces in Canada. Sandstone uranium deposits are of two principal subtypes, tabular and roll-front. Tabular sandstone uranium deposits are mainly in upper Paleozoic and Mesozoic rocks in the Colorado Plateau Uranium Province (CPUP). Roll-front sandstone uranium deposits are in Tertiary rocks of the Rocky Mountain and Intermontane Basins Uranium Province (RMIBUP), and in a narrow belt of Tertiary rocks that form the Gulf Coastal Uranium Province (GCUP) in south Texas and adjacent Mexico. Volcanic uranium deposits are concentrated in the Basin and Range Uranium Province (BRUP) stretching from the McDermitt caldera at the Oregon-Nevada border through the Marysvale district of Utah and Date Creek Basin in Arizona and south into the Sierra de Pe?a Blanca District, Chihuahua, Mexico. Uraniferous phosphorite occurs in Tertiary sediments in Florida, Georgia, and North and South Carolina and in the Lower Permian Phosphoria Formation in Idaho and adjacent States, but only in Florida has economic recovery been successful. The Florida Phosphorite Uranium Province (FPUP) has yielded large quantities of uranium as a byproduct of the production of phosphoric acid fertilizer. Economically recoverable quantities of copper, gold, molybdenum, nickel, silver, thorium, and vanadium occur with the uranium deposits in some provinces. Many major epochs of uranium mineralization occurred in North America. In the BRELUP, uranium minerals were concentrated in placers during the Early Proterozoic (2,500?2,250 Ma). In the ABUP, the unconformity-related deposits were most likely formed

  14. Seroprevalence of Toxocariasis in Children in East- Azerbaijan Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yagoob Garedaghi

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Toxocariasis is a zoonotic disease caused by the ascarid of dogs and cats, the main representative of which is a Toxocara canis. Distribution of the disease is world wide and is more prevalent in children. The present study was carried out in children of East Azerbaijan Province, Iran, to determine the toxocariasis seropositivity. Material and Methods: For the present seroepidemiological study, blood samples were collected at random from children of all the five districts of the East Azerbaijan Province. A total of 336 children, 187 males and 149 females in age group of 0-15 years were selected for the present study. ELISA was used for detection of IgG antibodies against Toxocara excretory secretary antigen. A questionnaire interview was conducted to obtain the data concerning their age, sex and habits. The particular points in the questionnaire asked were recorded on the format right on the spot. Results: Gender was found to be a significant risk factor for the Toxocara infection in children population. Male children were found more infected (41.71% as compared to females (24.16%. The total seroprevalence of T. canis antibodies in children of East Azerbaijan Province was 29.46 %. The risk factors that were found associated with the infection of toxocariasis in children population of East Azerbaijan Province include family back ground, status of living conditions, awareness, etc. Conclusion: The present study reveals high prevalence of T. canis infection in children of East Azerbaijan Province. It is important to raise the awareness of health professionals, public and educators to the fact that toxocariasis is a public health problem. Health promotion by means of a school based educational approach, diagnosis and continuous programme of treatment are necessary. [Cukurova Med J 2013; 38(4.000: 581-586

  15. A Mesoproterozoic continental flood rhyolite province, the Gawler Ranges, Australia: the end member example of the Large Igneous Province clan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. J. Pankhurst

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Rhyolite and dacite lavas of the Mesoproterozoic upper Gawler Range Volcanics (GRV (>30 000 km3 preserved, South Australia, represent the remnants of one of the most voluminous felsic magmatic events preserved on Earth. Geophysical interpretation suggests eruption from a central cluster of feeder vents which supplied large-scale lobate flows >100 km in length. Pigeonite inversion thermometers indicate eruption temperatures of 950–1100 °C. The lavas are A-type in composition (e.g. high Ga/Al ratios and characterised by elevated primary halogen concentrations (~1600 ppm fluorine, ~400 ppm chlorine. These depolymerised the magma such that temperature-composition-volatile non-Arrhenian melt viscosity modelling suggests they had viscosities of <3.5 log η (Pa s. These physicochemical properties have led to the emplacement of a Large Rhyolite Province, which has affinities in emplacement style to Large Basaltic Provinces. The low viscosity of these felsic magmas has produced a unique igneous system on a scale which is either not present or poorly preserved elsewhere on the planet. The Gawler Range Volcanic Province represents the erupted portion of the felsic end member of the family of voluminous, rapidly emplaced terrestrial magmatic provinces.

  16. A mesoproterozoic continental flood rhyolite province, the Gawler Ranges, Australia: the end member example of the Large Igneous Province clan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. J. Pankhurst

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Rhyolite and dacite lavas of the Mesoproterozoic upper Gawler Range Volcanics (GRV (>30 000 km3 preserved, South Australia, represent the remnants of one of the most voluminous felsic magmatic events preserved on Earth. Geophysical interpretation suggests eruption from a central cluster of feeder vents which supplied large-scale lobate flows >100 km in length. Pigeonite inversion thermometers indicate eruption temperatures of 950–1100 °C. The lavas are A-type in composition (e.g. high Ga/Al ratios and characterised by elevated primary halogen concentrations (~1600 ppm Fluorine, ~400 ppm Chlorine. These depolymerised the magma such that temperature-composition-volatile non-Arrhenian melt viscosity modelling suggests they had viscosities of <3.5 log η (Pa s. These physicochemical properties have led to the emplacement of a Large Rhyolite Province, which has affinities in emplacement style to Large Basaltic Provinces. The low viscosity of these felsic magmas has produced a unique igneous system on a scale which is either not present or poorly preserved elsewhere on the planet. The Gawler Range Volcanic Province represents the erupted portion of the felsic end member of the family of voluminous, rapidly emplaced terrestrial magmatic provinces.

  17. Sediment provenance and province of the southern Yellow Sea: Evidence from light mineral

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANGKunshan; SHIXuefa; JIANGXiaoli

    2003-01-01

    The distribution for percent content of light mineral is divided in detail to emphasize distributional trends of higher and lower contents by using 222 samples of light mineral in the southern Yellow Sea. 5 mineral provinces are divided, and they are Ⅰ -north mineral province of the southern Yellow Sea, the sediment dominantly derived from the Yellow River; Ⅱ-mixed mineral province, the sediment derived from both the Yellow River and Yangtze River; Ⅲ-middle mineral province, the sediment derived mainly from the Yellow River and a part of sediment derived from Yangtze River; Ⅳ-province east of Yangtze River mouth, the sediment derived dominantly from Yangtze River; and Ⅴ-south mineral province, sediment was affected by relict sediment and modern sediment of Yangtze River. In this paper, the assemblage of dominant mineral and diagnostic mineral for the five provinces are discerned.

  18. Sediment provenance and province of the southern Yellow Sea: Evidence from light mineral

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    The distribution for percent content of light mineral is divided in detail to emphasize distributional trends of higher and lower contents by using 222 samples of light mineral in the southern Yellow Sea. 5 mineral provinces are divided, and they are Ⅰ-north mineral province of the southern Yellow Sea, the sediment dominantly derived from the Yellow River; Ⅱ-mixed mineral province, the sediment derived from both the Yellow River and Yangtze River; Ⅲ- middle mineral province, the sediment derived mainly from the Yellow River and a part of sediment derived from Yangtze River; Ⅳ-province east of Yangtze River mouth, the sediment derived dominantly from Yangtze River; and Ⅴ- south mineral province, sediment was affected by relict sediment and modern sediment of Yangtze River. In this paper, the assemblage of dominant mineral and diagnostic mineral for the five provinces are discerned.

  19. 数字省建设技术体系研究%Technology Framework of Digital Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    池天河; 王雷; 王钦敏; 陈崇成

    2003-01-01

    The construction of Digital Province and Digital City is the base and important factor of Digital Earth. During the construction of Digital Province,the technology framework of digital province is one of the key problems. This paper summarizes current construction status of digital province technology framework and content and key technology of digital fujian.

  20. 探析男性身体书写中的文化规训--以老舍、沈从文、郁达夫和白先勇的男性身体书写为例%Analysis of Cultural Discipline in Male Body Writing:Take Male Body Writing of Lao She、Shen Congwen、Yu Dafu and Bai Xianyong as Examples

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚婷

    2015-01-01

    Women experience writing is the main study of body writings ,while male body writing has been ignored for a long time .In modern literature ,men in the Xiangxi world created by Shen Congwen and rickshaw boy written by Lao She re‐presents the healthy male image of country and city .Meanwhile ,the intellectuals the novel written by Yu Dafu and gay male characters of Bai Xianyong represent marginalized male body image .Different male spirit world are mirrored by different male image .%女性经验的书写是身体写作主要的研究对象,男性身体书写往往被忽略。现代文学中,沈从文湘西世界的男子和老舍笔下的骆驼祥子分别代表了农村与城市中的健康男性身体的形象,而郁达夫自叙传小说中的知识分子和白先勇笔下的男同性恋则是边缘化的身体形态。不同的男性身体形态呈现出了不一样的男性精神世界。

  1. Development Prospect of Aromatherapy Industry in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ziyun; PENG; Dantong; LI; Rui; CHEN; Min; QIAN; Yiqi; CHEN; Hongjun; YANG

    2014-01-01

    This paper firstly introduced domestic and foreign supply of products processed by aromatherapy plant. On the basis of predicting market demand of aromatherapy plant,it analyzed current development situation of the plant in Yunnan Province. It arrived at the conclusion that the industry has broad market prospect. Then,it analyzed competitive advantages and risk factors of aromatherapy plant in Yunnan Province. There are climate,location and price advantages,but due to lack of product standard,it is difficult to guarantee quality,and there are certain market risks. Finally,it put forward recommendations for development of aromatherapy industry:( 1) taking full advantage of preferential policies to set up leading enterprises and realize radiated development;( 2) bringing into play of resource advantages and introducing capitals and technologies;( 3) Fostering market and driving the industrial development.

  2. Origin of Quaternary Red Clay of Southern Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUXUEFENG; YUANGUODONG; 等

    1998-01-01

    The particle-size distribution,heavy mineral constituents and rare earth elements(REE) characteristics of the Quaternary red clay of southern Anhui Province were studied to explore the origin of the clay.The results showed that the clay had some properties of areolian deposits,which could be compared with,those of the loess in North China ;and its chondrite-normalized curves of REE were similar to those of the Xiashu loess implying tha they shared the same orighin.It was concluded in combination with the results rported by other researchers that the Quaternary red clay of southern Anhui Province originated from aolian deposts, and this could reveal the cycles of warm and cold climates in the area during the Quaternary period.

  3. Supervolcanoes Within an Ancient Volcanic Province in Arabia Terra, Mars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michalski, Joseph. R.; Bleacher, Jacob E.

    2014-01-01

    Several irregularly shaped craters located within Arabia Terra, Mars represent a new type of highland volcanic construct and together constitute a previously unrecognized martian igneous province. Similar to terrestrial supervolcanoes, these low-relief paterae display a range of geomorphic features related to structural collapse, effusive volcanism, and explosive eruptions. Extruded lavas contributed to the formation of enigmatic highland ridged plains in Arabia Terra. Outgassed sulfur and erupted fine-grained pyroclastics from these calderas likely fed the formation of altered, layered sedimentary rocks and fretted terrain found throughout the equatorial region. Discovery of a new type of volcanic construct in the Arabia volcanic province fundamentally changes the picture of ancient volcanism and climate evolution on Mars. Other eroded topographic basins in the ancient Martian highlands that have been dismissed as degraded impact craters should be reconsidered as possible volcanic constructs formed in an early phase of widespread, disseminated magmatism on Mars.

  4. Seismic Zonation of Central-Southern Hunan Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Ying; Xu Guangyin; Chen Kun; Gao Mengtan

    2007-01-01

    Based on basic data used in compiling the Zonation Map of Earthquake Ground Motion Parameters in China, recent research on seismic safety assessment for engineering sites in central-southern Hunan Province, the new attenuation relationships of moderate earthquakes and the background seismicity data obtained by modern instrumental earthquake records since 1970, a new result of seismic zonation of central-southern Hunan Province is provided. The result shows that the area with PGA = 0.05g has obviously increased in the new map compared with the previous one and is relatively consistent with the seismic disaster characteristics of moderate earthquakes that took place in the central-southern part of Hunan in recent years.This result will benefit the research and compilation of a new-generation seismic zonation map of earthquake ground motion parameters and the seismic hazard assessment in the moderate earthquake active regions in the central and eastern part of China.

  5. Checklists of Parasites of Farm Fishes of Babylon Province, Iraq.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mhaisen, Furhan T; Al-Rubaie, Abdul-Razzak L

    2016-01-01

    Literature reviews of all references concerning the parasitic fauna of fishes in fish farms of Babylon province, middle of Iraq, showed that a total of 92 valid parasite species are so far known from the common carp (Cyprinus carpio), the grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella), and the silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) as well as from three freshwater fish species (Carassius auratus, Liza abu, and Heteropneustes fossilis) which were found in some fish farms of the same province. The parasitic fauna included one mastigophoran, three apicomplexans, 13 ciliophorans, five myxozoans, five trematodes, 45 monogeneans, five cestodes, three nematodes, two acanthocephalans, nine arthropods, and one mollusc. The common carp was found to harbour 81 species of parasites, the grass carp 30 species, the silver carp 28 species, L. abu 13 species, C. auratus one species, and H. fossilis one species. A host-parasite list for each fish species was also provided. PMID:27559480

  6. Wood-inhabiting Fungi in Tieling, Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DAIYucheng; CUIBaokai; LIUChunjing

    2004-01-01

    Wood-inhabiting fungi from Chengzishan and B inglashan Forest Park of Tieling, Liaoning Province,were investigated, and 70 species, belonging to 9 families in Basidiomycota, were found. Thirteen species,including Fomitiporia punctata, Funalia trogii, Ganoderma lipsiense, Inonotus hispidus, Inonotus radiatus,Inonotus pruinosus, PhyUoporia ribis, Daedaleopsis confragosa, Oxyporus populinus, Pholiota squarrosa,SchizophyUum commone, SpongipeUis spumeus, Trametes suaveolens are pathogens of living trees in the study area. A list of all species, including host(s) of each species, is given, and most of the species are reported for the first time in the province. The major elements of wood-inhabiting fungi in northern Liaoning are the species which are widely distributed in temperate forests. Almost no virgin forests were found in Liaoning, therefore, the major part of the species is the common wood-inhabiting fungi, and only a few ram species were found in the study area.

  7. Demand Response in the West: Lessons for States and Provinces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Douglas C. Larson; Matt Lowry; Sharon Irwin

    2004-06-29

    OAK-B135 This paper is submitted in fulfillment of DOE Grant No. DE-FG03-015F22369 on the experience of western states/provinces with demand response (DR) in the electricity sector. Demand-side resources are often overlooked as a viable option for meeting load growth and addressing the challenges posed by the region's aging transmission system. Western states should work together with utilities and grid operators to facilitate the further deployment of DR programs which can provide benefits in the form of decreased grid congestion, improved system reliability, market efficiency, price stabilization, hedging against volatile fuel prices and reduced environmental impacts of energy production. This report describes the various types of DR programs; provides a survey of DR programs currently in place in the West; considers the benefits, drawbacks and barriers to DR; and presents lessons learned and recommendations for states/provinces.

  8. Evaluation of foaling heat in Arabian mares in Ninevah province

    OpenAIRE

    M. A. Rahawy

    2012-01-01

    The present study was conducted to study the relationship between breeding season of Arabian mares at first estrous afterfoaling and pregnancy rate. Thirty six mares were divided in to two groups according to foaling heat in breeding season,transitional periods. Animals included in this study were maintained with the same management and conditions in the specialbreeding stables. This study was performed in a farm located in Nineveh province during the period from June 2008 to June2010. The ma...

  9. Development Strategy of Sugarcane Industry in Guangdong Province

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Yue-gui; Wu, Jian-tao; Yang, Jun-xian; Li, Qi-Wei; Xie, Jing; Pan, Fang-yin; Wu, Wen-long; Liu, Fu-ye; Deng, Hai-hua; Qi, Yong-wen

    2012-01-01

    Guangdong Province is one of the main producing areas of sugarcane in China, and one of China's three regions with dominant advantage in sugarcane, having good basis and conditions for developing sugarcane industry. In this research, using the SWOT-AHP method, we set 20 assessment indicators (such as the regions with dominant advantage in sugarcane, huge demand for domestic sugar, increased production costs and backward system of sugarcane), to analyze the development strategy of sugarcane in...

  10. An investigation of gamma background radiation in Hamadan province, Iran

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The general population, everywhere in the world is exposed to a small dose of ionising radiation from natural sources. Stochastic effects such as cancer and genetic disorders are caused when living creatures are exposed to low doses. In Iran, it is measured in some cities, especially in high-background areas such as Ramsar, but so far there is no measurement in the Hamadan province. Hamadan is located in the west of Iran. Measurements were performed using a RDS-110 survey meter, CaSO4:Dy thermoluminescence dosimetries (TLDs) and a Harshaw 4000 TLD reader. To estimate the dose rate outdoors, four stations along the main directions (north, south, west and east) and one in the town centre were selected. Mean annual X and gamma equivalent dose in Hamadan province are 1.12±0.22 and 1.66±0.07 mSv, which related to RDS-110 survey meter and TLDs measurements, respectively. The TLDs and RDS-110 results are representative of the external photon radiation doses for the selected monitoring locations and for those locations for the hours during which the measurements were taken, respectively. Maximum and minimum of external photon radiation doses are related to Hamadan and Kaboudar-Ahang towns, respectively. According to the results of the study, it seems that the annual X and gamma equivalent dose in Hamadan province exceeded the global mean external exposure amounts by the UNSCEAR, and further studies are needed to measure internal exposures to determine the total environmental radiation level in Hamadan province. (authors)

  11. New records for the Turkish macrofungi from Amasya province

    OpenAIRE

    AKTAŞ, Sinan; ÖZTÜRK, Celâleddin; KAŞIK, Gıyasettin; DOĞAN, Hasan Hüseyin

    2009-01-01

    Macrofungi specimens were collected from different localities in Amasya province between 2002 and 2005, particularly during the months of spring and autumn. In all, 16 species were identified as new records; 1 species belongs to Ascomycetes and the other 15 species belong to Basidiomycetes. These new species are Hypoxylon multiforme, Polyporus melanopus, Hygrophorus pratensis var. pratensis, Hygrocybe ovina, Clitocybe ornamentalis, Hemimycena pseudocrispula, Mycena adscendens, Baespora myriad...

  12. Influencing Factors on Farming System Development in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The developmental situation of the farming system in Shandong Province is introduced.At present,Shandong Province is at the semi-intensive,semi-commercial and semi-sufficiency level of farming system.Eastern coast and central Shandong agricultural zones are moving in the direction of modern farming system,having formed a preliminary new pattern of the coordinated development of grain,feedstuff,economic and other crops.Influencing factors on the development of farming system in Shandong Province is analyzed,which are agricultural production condition and input level,population and food,policy measures,development of natural resources and regions,agricultural industrialization and urbanization level,and scientific and technological level.Total population will be within 100 million at the year 2020;per capita annual share of grain will be 475 kilograms;and there is great pressure on grain production.Therefore,we must change the pattern of agricultural development and accelerate the establishment of modern farming system.Agricultural machinery,water conservancy projects,and chemical fertilizer application have greatly affected the development of farming system.Improvement of production conditions has promoted the adjustment of agricultural structure,increased the planting ratio of winter wheat-summer maize,and improved multiple-cropping index.Development of agricultural industrialization has promoted the transfer of rural labor force and the establishment of modern farming system;while the unbalanced development of cities has restricted the establishment of modern farming system.Therefore,the appropriate policy,scientific and rational regional distribution,and advanced science and technology can help to set up the modern farming system in Shandong Province.

  13. Problems in Food Safety of Hunan Province and Countermeasures

    OpenAIRE

    OUYANG, Fanfan; Deng, Fangming

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, serious food safety accidents are of frequent occurrence. Although government has taken many practical and feasible measures to contain food safety accidents, new food safety accidents still emerge in large numbers. In this situation, food safety control is a long-term and arduous task to be performed jointly by many government departments. Finally, it presents corresponding countermeasures and recommendations on the basis of current situations of food safety in Hunan Provinc...

  14. Disposal of Rare Earth NORM Residues in Jiangsu Province, China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present situation of NORM residues arising from rare earths extraction and separation in Jiangsu Province has been investigated comprehensively. The management of these residues is discussed and analysed with respect to the separation technology, the activity concentrations, the amounts of residue generated and the regional eco-environmental features. Some conclusions and suggestions on the disposal of these NORM residues are given, with reference to the relevant national laws, regulations and standards. (author)

  15. Strategic Marketing Plan for Huishang Bank in Anhui Province

    OpenAIRE

    Qian, Yani

    2010-01-01

    Huishang Bank Corporation Limited Company was founded on December 28, 2005, and it has operated since January 1, 2006. Before it was established, it merged with six cities' commercial banks and seven urban credit banks in Anhui Province. It then became the first regional bank which had developed from city commercial bank in China. In the last five years, Huishang bank has already got significant progress, and it entered top 500 global banks in 2010. This thesis focuses on the strategic m...

  16. Comprehensive evaluation on urban competitiveness - A Case of Xinjiang Province

    OpenAIRE

    Wan, Qiu-cheng

    2009-01-01

    This paper constructs the index system and econometric model of comprehensive evaluation on urban competitiveness, then adopts the factor analysis method to measure the urban competitiveness of 22 prefecture-level cities in Xinjiang Province. The 22 prefecture-level cities are divided into four levels according to the measurement result. Comprehensive analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of the cities in each level is carried out. And related countermeasures and proposals on how to im...

  17. Mafia-style domination: the Philippine province of Pampanga

    OpenAIRE

    Kreuzer, Peter

    2012-01-01

    "The present study investigates provincial politics in Pampanga, an economically highly developed province in the Philippines. The local mode of domination closely resembles practices employed by the classical Mafia of Sicily and Calabria. “Mafia” in this report does not refer to criminal organization but to how a territory and its population is dominated. The analyses of the economic foundations of domination as well as the respective roles of patronage, violence and extralegal practices rev...

  18. Optimization Design of Warping Dam in Wangjiagou, Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Yu; Cui Peng; Li Fa-bin; Wang Qing

    2003-01-01

    This paper introduces the simulating design of warping dam in the Loess Plateau, western Shanxi province.On the basis of collected data, the digital elevation model in the studied area has been created. Utilizing GIS (geographical information system) technology, this paper achieves some environmental based results with the simulation method. Also based on the parameter model of precipitation, the tendency of warping sand has been calculated, aiming at providing academic basis for optimization design in the small watershed.

  19. Optimization Design of Warping Dam in Wangjiagou, Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZhangYu; CuiPeng; LiFa-bin; WangQing

    2003-01-01

    This paper introduces the simulating design of warping dam in the Loess Plateau, western Shanxi province.On the basis of collected data, the digital elevation model in the studied area has been created. Utilizing GIS (geographical information system) technology, this paper achieves some environrnental based results with the simulation method. Also based on the parameter model of precipitation, the tendency of warping sand has been calculated, aiming at providing academic basis for optimization design in the small watershed.

  20. The Alto Paraguay Alkaline Province: petrographic, geochemical and geochronological characteristics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Alto Paraguay Province is located at the border of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul and Paraguay, between the coordinates 21 deg 10'to 23 deg 25'of Southern latitude and 57 deg 10' to 58 deg 00', having the city of Porto Murtinho as the main reference point. The geotectonic domain of the area is governed by the precambric units of the Southern extreme of the Amazonic craton which developed a long and accentuated activity, giving rise to folds and important faults, that in several cases seem to have exerted an effective control of the magmatic manifestations. Radiometric data indicate that the emplacement of the syenitic bodies took place in the Permo-Triassic period, with a major incidence in the interval 260-240 Ma, representing thus, an important phase of alkaline magmatic affinity associated to the Parana Basin which is believed is to be unique, since the other known areas (Central, Amambay and Rio Apa Provinces, Paraguay, Velasco Province, Bolivia) are considerably younger (140-120 Ma). Syenitic rocks from the Alto Paraguay Province show wide variation in the ratio 87 Sr/86 Sr (0.703361 - 0.707734). Excluding the Cerro Boggiani rocks (0.703837-0.707734), values for the nepheline syenites (0.703361-0.703672) general lower than those of the other syenites types. Alkaline syenites cover the interval 0.703510- 0.703872, while quartz syenites and syenogranites are 0.704562 and 0.707076, respectively. geologic evidence, in addition to petrographic, geochemical and isotopic (Sr) data, suggest that the syenitic rocks have been derived from an unique mantelic parental liquid, by fractional crystallization and assimilation processes, which are assumed to be occurred during the emplacement of the magma in the crust. (author)

  1. Patients' satisfaction evaluation with the health center of elis province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karavida, Angeliki; Stamouli, Maria-Aggeliki; Balis, Charalampos

    2014-01-01

    Patient satisfaction related to the provided health services is a key indicator of the quality of the health sector. The SERVQUAL model was employed as a way of measuring the level of patient satisfaction with the services of the Health Center of Elis Province. Although certain aspects such as "Assurance" and "Empathy" meet the users' needs, improvements like a detailed medical record and an overhaul of the equipment need to be introduced. PMID:25000072

  2. Development of Low Permeability Oilfields in Shengli Oil Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Binhai; Fan Naifu

    1995-01-01

    @@ Shengli oil province,complicated in geology and rich in resources, is the second largest oil production basin of China. Except for some big/medium sized oil/gas field with high and medium permeability which have already been put into production. There are 11oil fields at great depth with low permeability of less than 50 ×10-3 μm2 have been discovered with 12. 2% of the total proved original oil in place.

  3. Developmental Strategies of Betel nut Industry in Hainan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Jun; Han, Xuan; Liu, Li-Yun; Feng, Mei-li; Li, Zhuan; Qin, Hai-tang

    2010-01-01

    The developmental status of the betel nut industry is introduced, including cultivation situation, processing and development situation, and consumer market situation. The result shows that the cultivation of betel nut in Hainan Province develops rapidly and the primary processing of betel nut has formed certain scale, but the deep processing of betel nut is backward. Except for the minority of the betel nuts consumed by Hainan Island, a large majority of the betel nuts are processed into dry...

  4. Patients' satisfaction evaluation with the health center of elis province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karavida, Angeliki; Stamouli, Maria-Aggeliki; Balis, Charalampos

    2014-01-01

    Patient satisfaction related to the provided health services is a key indicator of the quality of the health sector. The SERVQUAL model was employed as a way of measuring the level of patient satisfaction with the services of the Health Center of Elis Province. Although certain aspects such as "Assurance" and "Empathy" meet the users' needs, improvements like a detailed medical record and an overhaul of the equipment need to be introduced.

  5. A Miocene ostrich fossil from Gansu Province, northwest China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HOU Lianhai; ZHOU Zhonghe; ZHANG Fucheng; WANG Zhao

    2005-01-01

    @@ A pelvic skeleton, recognized as a large terrestrial bird in the field, was recently collected by our paleomammalogist colleagues from the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology from the late Miocene sandy mudstones in the Linxia Basin in Gansu Province, northwest China. We have further referred this bird to as an early representative of ostrich. Ostrich fossils usually coexisted with the famous Hipparion Fauna from the Miocene to Pliocene.

  6. Market orientation vs. inovativeness of SMEs of Podlaskie province

    OpenAIRE

    Joanna Ejdys

    2015-01-01

    This research aims to examine the impact of marketing orientation on the innovation level among Small and Medium Size (SMEs) from Podlaskie Province. A survey utilizing a questionnaire was conducted among 137 companies in the Podlaskie Voivodeship. Altogether 3 hypotheses concerning marketing orientation and innovativeness level have been examined with the use of the hierarchical regression techniques. The relation between three types of marketing orientation and innovativeness has been analy...

  7. Geochemical characterization of Quaternary tephras from the Campanian Province, Italy

    OpenAIRE

    C. S. M. Turney; Blockley, S.P.E.; Lowe, J.J.; Sabine Wulf; N. P. Branch; G. Mastrolorenzo; Swindle, G.; Nathan, R; Pollard, A. M.;  

    2008-01-01

    The Campanian province has a rich history of human interaction with volcanic eruptions. In a region currently inhabited by 3 million people, it is crucial to have precise and accurate geochemical characterization of volcanic units within the region so as to identify the spatial distribution of past events. Furthermore, tephrochronology is becoming an important tool in the region for correlating past environmental records. Unfortunately, many of the key units have been geochemically analysed u...

  8. A key to the Soricidae, Macroscelididae, Gliridae and Muridae of Gauteng, North West Province, Mpumalanga and the Northern Province, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christia H. Newbery

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available A practical key to the shrews, elephant-shrews, dormice, rats and mice based on external field characteristics is presented. Size, tail features and lengths, dorsal and ventral body colour, etc. are the important characteristics, while habitat and distribution are also incorporated. The small mammals included in the key are from Gauteng, North West Province, Mpumalanga and the Northern Province.

  9. ALLOCATION STATUS OF MRI IN SHANXI PROVINCE,P.R.CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yueze Liu; Jianwen Cao; Zuxun Lu

    2004-01-01

    Objectives: To evaluate the current status of magnetic resonance imagers (MRI) in Shanxi province and provide evidence for decision-making on the allocation of MRI in China. Methods Data on the allocation of MRI in Shanxi province from 1998 to 2002 were obtained using standardized questionnaires. Descriptive statistic was generated. Results Six major trends can be discerned from the study. 1) MRI is diffusing slower in Shanxi province than other countries including some developing countries such as Mexico. 2) MRI was firstly installed in tertiary level hospitals and then diffusion in lower level hospitals in Shanxi province. 3) Most of MR1 with superconducting magnet system have been installed in higher level hospitals. 4) The number of MRI in Shanxi province and Taiyuan municipality (the metropolis of Shanxi province) is more than that of standard promulgated by National Committee of Plan, and Ministry of Finance and MOH. 5) Although MRI diffusion in Shanxi province is developed rapidly, the number of MRI in Shanxi province is still less than the number of CT scanners. 6) Permanent magnet and superconducting magnet has emerged as the dominant MRI technology in Shanxi province. Conclusions 1) Diffusion of permanent magnet MRI should be supported sakes for a better function/price in the area of lower economic level such as Shanxi province. 2) Diffusion of MRI should be consistent with economic level. Economic level of districts should be considered when health policy related to MRI diffusion was made.

  10. The South-East Karst Province of South Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grimes, K. G.

    1994-03-01

    The South-East Karst Province of South Australia is an extensive area of low relief with dolines, cenotes, uvalas, and a variety of cave types developed in the soft, porous, flat-lying Tertiary Gambier Limestone and also as syngenetic karst in the overlying calcarenite dunes of the Pleistocene Bridgewater Formation. The most spectacular surface karst features are the large collapse dolines, especially those that extend below the water table to form cenotes. Shallow swampy hollows occur in superficial Quaternary sediments. These are an enigmatic feature of the Bool Region, where all gradations appear to occur between definite karst dolines and nonkarstic hollows. Some depressions may be polygenetic—involving a combination of: (1) primary depositional hollows on coastal flats or in dune fields, (2) deflation, and (3) karst solution and subsidence. There are extensive underwater cave systems in the southern part of the province, and the bulk of the cave development there may well lie below the present water table, although these systems would have been at least partly drained during the lower sea levels of the last glacial period. Systematic variations within the province reflect differences in the parent rock types, the extent and nature of the cover and, most importantly, the hydrology—in particular the depth to the water table and its gradient.

  11. Research on Farmers’ Property Income in Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Relying on the statistics,the property income status of Jiangsu Province is expounded.In the first place,farmers’ property income takes a low proportion to the total income for its small cardinal number;in the second place,although farmers’ property income has increased continuously,the growth fluctuates;in the third place,the growth tempo of farmers’ property income is faster than the growth tempo of net income;in the fourth place,per capita property income of farmers is obviously lower than that of urban residents.The reasons that affect the property income of farmers in Jiangsu Province are analyzed,which cover low income level of rural residents,imperfect land system,imperfect rural financial system,imperfect rural housing system and imperfect rural social security system.On the basis of the above analysis,the targeted measures on improving the property income of farmers in Jiangsu Province are put forward.Firstly,the government should improve farmers’ income and lay solid foundation for property income;secondly,the government should clarify land property rights and explore the land transfer situation;thirdly,the government should accelerate rural financial system reform and perfect rural financial system;fourthly,the government should vigorously implement the transfer of houses in rural collective residents and perfect rural housing rent market;fifthly,the government should promote the reform of rural social security system and solve farmers’ worries.

  12. Prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus Infection in Isfahan Province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nokhodian, Zary; Adibi, Peyman; Ataei, Behrooz

    2014-12-01

    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a serious global health problem. It is estimated that 1.5-2.5 million people are suffering from this infection in Iran. A review on HBV infection prevalence in Isfahan, Iran is conducted in this article. It will help researchers for further studies and also will be helpful for control the infection. Medline, Embase, Ovid, Google Scholar, Scientific Information Database, Iranmedex, Magiran and Scientific Journal of Iran Blood Transfusion Organization and also students' thesis and projects of Isfahan and Kashan universities of medical sciences were searched for key words "HBV," "HBsAg," "prevalence," "Isfahan," "Esfahan," and "Kashan in titles and/or abstracts. Overall, 24 articles, including 4, 14, 5 and 1 were assessed in Isfahan province, and Isfahan, Kashan, and Foulad-shahr cities, respectively. The highest and lowest participants were 542705 and 73, respectively. The highest prevalence of HBsAg was reported in HIV-infected patients and the lowest one was seen in the thalassemic patients. We collected the articles about the prevalence of HBV in Isfahan to help researchers and determine prevalence HBV in Isfahan province. The similar studies in other province of Iran are necessary for marking decision. PMID:26622989

  13. Spatial and Statistical Analysis of Leptospirosis in Guilan Province, Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nia, A. Mohammadi; Alimohammadi, A.; Habibi, R.; Shirzadi, M. R.

    2015-12-01

    The most underdiagnosed water-borne bacterial zoonosis in the world is Leptospirosis which especially impacts tropical and humid regions. According to World Health Organization (WHO), the number of human cases is not known precisely. Available reports showed that worldwide incidences vary from 0.1-1 per 100 000 per year in temperate climates to 10-100 per 100 000 in the humid tropics. Pathogenic bacteria that is spread by the urines of rats is the main reason of water and soil infections. Rice field farmers who are in contact with infected water or soil, contain the most burden of leptospirosis prevalence. In recent years, this zoonotic disease have been occurred in north of Iran endemically. Guilan as the second rice production province (average=750 000 000 Kg, 40% of country production) after Mazandaran, has one of the most rural population (Male=487 679, Female=496 022) and rice workers (47 621 insured workers) among Iran provinces. The main objectives of this study were to analyse yearly spatial distribution and the possible spatial clusters of leptospirosis to better understand epidemiological aspects of them in the province. Survey was performed during the period of 2009-2013 at rural district level throughout the study area. Global clustering methods including the average nearest neighbour distance, Moran's I and General G indices were utilized to investigate the annual spatial distribution of diseases. At the end, significant spatial clusters have been detected with the objective of informing priority areas for public health planning and resource allocation.

  14. Molecular Identification of Nosema species in East Azerbaijan province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Razmaraii, N.

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Nosema is a genus of microsporidia, which have significant negative impacts on honeybees. The aim of thisstudy is the epidemiological evaluation and molecular characterization of Nosema spices in various countiesof East-Azerbaijan province (Northwest of Iran. 387 samples were collected from colonies maintained invarious counties of East-Azerbaijan province. Samples after preparation were examined by a lightmicroscope for presence of Nosema spores. PCR method (SSUrRNA gene was used to differentiatebetween Nosema apis (N. apis and N. ceranae. Descriptive statistics were used for data analysis. Totalinfection prevalence of the microscopic evaluation and PCR tests were 225 (58.1% and 260 (67.1%respectively, total validity of PCR test against the microscopic test was computed equal to 1.1 in this case.Disease distribution in various counties of study area was variable and N. ceranae was the only Nosema species found to infect honeybees. The one species presence and different distribution of Nosema positive samples in various counties of East-Azerbaijan province may be due to multiple reasons. Furthermore,epidemiological information helps us to improve disease management practices in the studied area, apply new hygiene policy and reduce extra costs of production.

  15. alpha-thalassemia mutations in Khuzestan Province, Southwest Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zandian, Khodamorad; Nateghi, Jamal; Keikhaie, Bijan; Pedram, Mohammad; Hafezi-Nejad, Nima; Hadavi, Valeh; Oberkanins, Christian; Azarkeivan, Azita; Law, Hai-Yang; Najmabadi, Hossein

    2008-01-01

    Although alpha-thalassemia (alpha-thal) is the most common hereditary hemoglobin (Hb) disorder in Iran, no comprehensive data are so far available on the prevalence of the disease in the province of Khuzestan in Southwest Iran. This study investigates the spectrum of alpha-thal mutations in this region. One hundred and twenty-one subjects from Khuzestan Province, Iran, were initially tested for the three most common Iranian alpha-thal mutations (- alpha3.7, -alpha4.2, and --MED) by gap-polymerase chain reaction (gap-PCR). Reverse hybridization test strips and DNA sequencing were used to identify additional alpha-globin mutations. A total of 131 mutated alpha-globin alleles were identified in these patients. Of the 13 mutations that were detected in Khuzestan Province, Iran, the - alpha3.7 single gene deletion was the most frequently identified variant, representing 62.6% of the total; we also observed significant numbers of individuals with compound heterozygous mutations. On the basis of our results, we strongly recommend screening for the most common mutations to improve the molecular diagnosis of anemia in this region.

  16. EVALUATION OF ECOLOGICAL SERVICES OF JILIN PROVINCE, NORTHEAST CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Shu-xia; SHANG Jin-cheng; GUO Huai-cheng

    2004-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to give evaluation of ecological services of Jilin Province,Northeast China.To take this value into decision-making and GDP accounting system is considered to be one of the economic solutions for ecological problems.The evaluation is based on the methods proposed by COSTANZA et al.,and some modifications about unit value of forest and cropland system were made according to the real characters of ecosystem,climate,natural conditions etc.,in Jilin Province.Total value of ecosystem services is about 554.404×109yuan(RMB)/a,which is about 4.9 times of GDP of the corresponding period.The results of this study could be used as a fundamental work for the construction of ecological province,which was carried out from 2001,and could provide ecological information for decision-making.Furthermore,the necessities for the further studies on the evaluation of ecological services and natural capital were discussed.

  17. SURVEY OF AIRBORNE POLLEN IN HUBEI PROVINCE OF CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guang-hui Liu; Rong-fei Zhu; Wei Zhang; Wen-jing Li; Zhong-xi Wang; Huan Chen

    2008-01-01

    Objective To study the genera and seasonal distribution of airborne pollen in Hubei province of China,and its relationship with pollinosis.Methods From November 2003 to October 2004,an airborne pollen investigation was performed in 16 chosen areas in 12 cities of Hubei province using gravity sedimentation technique.Meanwhile,univalent skin prick tests of pollens were performed and the invasion season was studied on 2 300 patients with pollinosis.Among them,352 eases underwent the airway responsiveness measurements,and the correlation between airway responsiveness and results of pollen count was analyzed.Results A total of 61 pollen genera were observed and 257 520 pollens were collected.The peak of airborne pollen distribution occurred in two seasons each year:spring (March and April) and autumn (from August to October).The attack of pollinosis corresponded to the peak of pollen distribution.There was a significantly negative relationship between the provocation dose causing a 20% decrease of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) from baseline and airborne pollen concentration (r=-0.6829,P<0.05).Conclusion This study provides useful information for airborne pollen epidemiology of Hubei province,and it provides important insights to clinical prevention,diagnosis,and treatment of pollen-related allergic diseases.

  18. Research on the Industrial Ecologicalization in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    By using ecological carrying capacity, ecological footprint method and shift-share analysis and the data from Yunnan Statistical Yearbook and China Statistical Yearbook, the status quo of industrial ecologicalization development in Yunnan Province is analyzed from the aspects of consumption of resources and environment, production technology and industrial pollution and industrial structure. The results show that the economic growth in Yunnan Province is based on the huge consumption of resources; the consumption of natural environment has surpassed its carrying capacity; the production technology is relatively backward and the comprehensive use efficiency of the "three wastes" is low; the solid waste emission of the ten thousand GDP far exceeds the average level of the whole county; the total emissions of industrial waste gas and domestic sewage are increasing; the efficiency of industrial structure is bad. On the strength of the analysis, the relevant measures on ecological industrial development in Yunnan Province is put forward, covering strengthening the awareness of saving resources and protecting environment; establishing energy-saving type national economy and social system; actively adjusting industrial structure; strengthening ecological construction of the three major industries.

  19. Regional differences of urban construction land in Jiangsu province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lu Xiu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Jiangsu province is a typical area of the urban extension problems. Urban construction land has been the major area of city research. And more and more people pay attention to this matter. In this paper, regional differences of urban construction land in Jiangsu province, China were analyzed. Firstly, this work is based on remote sensing images as the main data source in 2010. The spectral differences of soil cover type of waters, forest land, construction land, unused land, cultivated land were explored. Secondly, three kinds of index methods (soil adjusted vegetation index, modified normalized difference water index and the ratio resident-area index were used to extract the information of urban construction land. Finally, urban construction land was segmented by administrative boundary information of Jiangsu Province, China. And, different areas of the urban construction land, non-urban construction land and cultivated land were compared and analyzed. The experimental results from the urban construction scale show that, in 2010, the south of Jiangsu is greater than the north of Jiangsu, and the north of Jiangsu is greater than the central of Jiangsu. From the point of proportion of cultivated land: the central of Jiangsu is greater than the north of Jiangsu, and the north of Jiangsu is greater than the south of Jiangsu.

  20. Field test of new poplar clone in Shangdong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIN Guang-hua; JIANG Yue-zhong; QIAO Yu-ling; B.Nottola

    2003-01-01

    Poplar is one of the dominant tree species for the establishment of fast growing plantations in Shandong Province. Eighteen poplar clones belonging to Populus aigeiros section were introduced from Italy, Turkey and domestic regions. Populus deltoides cv. 'Lux' I-69/55 (I-69), which was widely used in Shandong Province, China, was taken as control clone (I-69). Following a randomized complete block design, seedling test and controlled afforestation trials were carried out at Juxian County, Caoxian County and Laiyang City. The results showed that the poplar clone (Populus × euramericana cv. '102/74'), namely 102/74, performed well both in terms of adaptability and growth rate. The mean height of 13.9 m (H), diameter at breast height of 18.0 cm (DBH) and volume growth of 0.1445 m3 (V) were 2.2 %, 21.6% and 52.9 % higher than those of I-69 (CK), respectively, at the age of 5 years at three experimental sites. Moreover, the clone can be propagated easily and showed high resistance to poplar disease, pest as well as salinity and had longer growing period. Furthermore, wood basic density and fiber length of new poplar clone (102/74) were as same as I-69 (CK). It was concluded that the selected clone (102/74) was ideal for the establishment of fast-growing poplar plantations, especially for the pulpwood plantations in Shandong Province.

  1. Petroleum systems of the Malay Basin Province, Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bishop, Michele G.

    2002-01-01

    The offshore Malay Basin province is a Tertiary oil and gas province composed of a complex of half grabens that were filled by lacustrine shales and continental clastics.These deposits were overlain by clastics of a large delta system that covered the basin.Delta progradation was interupted by transgressions of the South China Sea to the southeast, which finally flooded the basin to form the Gulf of Thailand.Oil and gas from the Oligocene to Miocene lacustrine shales and Miocene deltaic coals is trapped primarily in anticlines formed by inversion of the half grabens during the late Miocene.Hydrocarbon reserves that have been discovered amount to 12 billion barrels of oil equivalent.The U.S. Geological Survey assessment of the estimated quantities of conventional oil, gas and condensate that have the potential to be added to reserves by the year 2025 for this province is 6.3 billion barrels of oil equivalent (BBOE) (U. S. Geological Survey World Energy Assessment Team, 2000).

  2. alpha-thalassemia mutations in Khuzestan Province, Southwest Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zandian, Khodamorad; Nateghi, Jamal; Keikhaie, Bijan; Pedram, Mohammad; Hafezi-Nejad, Nima; Hadavi, Valeh; Oberkanins, Christian; Azarkeivan, Azita; Law, Hai-Yang; Najmabadi, Hossein

    2008-01-01

    Although alpha-thalassemia (alpha-thal) is the most common hereditary hemoglobin (Hb) disorder in Iran, no comprehensive data are so far available on the prevalence of the disease in the province of Khuzestan in Southwest Iran. This study investigates the spectrum of alpha-thal mutations in this region. One hundred and twenty-one subjects from Khuzestan Province, Iran, were initially tested for the three most common Iranian alpha-thal mutations (- alpha3.7, -alpha4.2, and --MED) by gap-polymerase chain reaction (gap-PCR). Reverse hybridization test strips and DNA sequencing were used to identify additional alpha-globin mutations. A total of 131 mutated alpha-globin alleles were identified in these patients. Of the 13 mutations that were detected in Khuzestan Province, Iran, the - alpha3.7 single gene deletion was the most frequently identified variant, representing 62.6% of the total; we also observed significant numbers of individuals with compound heterozygous mutations. On the basis of our results, we strongly recommend screening for the most common mutations to improve the molecular diagnosis of anemia in this region. PMID:19065332

  3. XML Parasitic Contamination of Consumed Vegetables in Golestan Province, 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    This paper should be cited as: Rahimi - Esboei B, Pagheh A, Fakhar M, Pagheh S, Dadimoghadam Y . [ Parasitic Contamination of Consumed Vegetables in Golestan Province, 2012 ]. mljgoums . 201 4 ; 8 ( 3 : 82 - 89 [Article in Persian] Rahimi - Esboei, B. (MSc

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objective: The Outbreak of human parasitic diseases associated with the consumption of raw vegetables often occurs in both developing and developed countries. This study aimed to evaluate parasitic contamination of edible vegetables in Golestan Province. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in the cities of Golestan Province for six months, 2012. The samples (N = 100 were randomly chosen among different vegetables (parsley, lettuce, radish, and cress, and examined for the presence of helminthic and protozoan parasitic contaminations following washing, centrifuging and sedimentation. Results: Thirty-seven (37% were found to have parasitic contamination, and of these 30 (81.1% and 7 (18.9% were helminths and protozoa, respectively. The highest rate of contamination was detected in parsley (37.9%, and the lowest in radish (12.0%. Moreover, free living larva with 58.6% and Hymenolepis nana ova with 5.1% were the highest and lowest contaminated rates, respectively. Conclusion: Based on our results, consumed vegetables in Golestan Province is considered as a potential risk for some human parasitic infections.

  4. 民族旅游中的族群社区自我发展机制研究--以大理双廊白族村为例%Research on the Ethnic Community's Self-development Mechanism of Ethnic Tourism- A Case Study of Shuanglang Bai Minority Village in Dali

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨家娣; 陈修岭

    2015-01-01

    In the course of traditional ethnic community tourism development,the governments and the tourism developers as the “other group”are in a dominant position in the local tourism development and man-agement and they become the major body of decision-making and economic profit takers.The local ethnic resi-dents on the other hand become the objects of being manipulated who have no participation or only passively par-ticipate in local tourism development,and who have no right to make decisions,have no discourse and necessa-ry economic income.Through in-depth field work,the author took Shuanglang Bai Minority villages in Dali as a study case.This case study made great efforts to construct the self-development mechanism of ethnical tourism community by taking into consideration the community -dominating tourism development, the government's macroeconomic regulation and control and support,the community-interest-as-the -main -body model of tourism development,cultural tourism industry development,self protection and inheritance of national culture,cooperation between the host and the guests.This mechanism intended to empower the host residents with the limited help from the outside world so that they can be encouraged to actively participate in the development,improvement and management of local tourism industry,and give a full play to the decision-making power and discourse right,and finally figure out a real sustainable way of developing ethnic community tourism to benefit the local ethnic residents.%传统民族社区旅游业发展中,由政府和开发商构成的“他群”在旅游开发与管理中居于主导地位,成为决策及经济收益的主体。东道主居民或者无参与或者被动参与,缺乏决策权、话语权和必要的经济收益,成为被操纵、被利用的对象。本研究以大理双廊白族村为个案,通过深入的田野调查,着力从社区主导旅游发展、政府宏观调控与扶持、以社区为利益

  5. 旅游发展对女性角色变迁的影响研究--以大理周城白族女性为例%Analysis of the impact of tourism development on the changing role of women---Taking Dali Zhou Cheng Bai women as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷群

    2015-01-01

    女性参与旅游发展是目的地获得可持续发展的重要前提。缺乏旅游发展对女性角色变迁影响的分析,仅将女性参与作为一个必然的过程而不是文化、经济和政治的过程,是女性参与旅游发展在实践中不能获得真正进步的原因。通过对国内外旅游研究中旅游发展对女性角色变迁的影响研究成果进行介绍,以云南大理周城为例,通过田野调查结果的抽样分析,剖析了周城近21年的旅游发展对周城白族妇女角色变迁影响的主要表现、女性角色变迁对大理周城旅游发展的积极意义和消极影响,提出在金融信贷和旅游发展项目中应充分考虑女性的需要,重视社会性别意识,积极改善女性参政议政环境,加强少数民族女性人力资本投资,以互联网为途径整合线上线下营销渠道,提高女性的文化营销能力。%Female participation in tourism development is an important prerequisite to sustainable develop-ment in destinations.Analysis of the lack of impact of tourism development on the change in female roles,only the female participation as an inevitable process rather than a cultural,economic and political process,female participation in tourism development can not be obtained in practice reason of real progress.Introduces the re-search results of the effects of the relevant research on tourism development of tourism based on domestic and foreign to the feminine role change,taking Yunnan Dali Zhou City as an example,through field investigation and sampling analysis results,analyzes the positive significance of the main performance,influence of Zhou City nearly 21 years of tourism development on the change of Zhou Cheng Bai womenˊs roles of female characters on the change of Dali Zhou City Tourism Development and the negative influence,proposed in the financial credit and tourism development projects give full consideration to the needs of women

  6. Development of Dynamically Optimized Wireless Transmission System for Wireless Sensor Networks in Highrise Apartment Building Heating Systems / Optimizētas Dinamiskās Bezvadu Sensoru Tīklu Pārraides Risinājuma Izstrāde Daudzstāvu Ēku Apkures Sistēmas Parametru Izgūšanai Un Vadībai

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isakovs, V.; Kondratjevs, K.; Kunicina, N.; Freliha, B.; Zabasta, A.

    2015-08-01

    Smart meters will be at the centre of the integrated solutions, including interaction with other networks in the next decade. The developed solution for multi-apartment building ventilation and heating parameter monitoring aims to increase energy efficiency and optimal control of the existing system. Dynamic control of heat and ventilation systems, heat loss detection, calculation and mitigation, and individual heat energy accounting are difficult tasks to accomplish. This article deals with the data transmission system using battery powered ISM band radio transmitters. The temperature measurement sensors with cumulative temperature reading are used as sensor part for this solution. The offered approach to monitoring system is used for overall building and individual apartment monitoring. Data coding and antenna designs are explained for this particular application. Daudzstāvu ēkas, kuras nav sākotnēji plānotas integrācijai ar ēku vadības sistēmām, rada kompleksu problemātisko vidi modernizācijai. Vadu sensoru sistēmu uzstādīšana šādās ēkās kļūst nepraktiska vai pat neiespējama. Šī iemesla dēļ ir nepieciešamas efektīvas bezvadu sensoru sistēmas, kas spētu nodrošināt mērījumu nogādi, ņemot vērā daudzstāvu ēku specifiku. Rakstā tiek piedāvāts bezvadu sensoru tīkla risinājums efektīvai datu pārraidei siltumapgādes sistēmas parametru izgūšanai. Tiek izstrādāta un aprobēta specializētā virziena antena efektīvai radio telegrammu savākšanai no dzīvokļiem, nogādājot mērījumus datu koncentratoros. Ziņojumu telegrammu efektīvai pārraidei tiek piedāvāta datu kodēšanas kumulatīvā metode. Piedāvātais risinājums pielietojams gan jaunām, gan esošām ēkām. Izgūtie dati ir pielietojami siltuma apgādes sistēmas uzraudzībai, regulēšanai, kā arī individuālā siltuma patēriņa tarifikācijai.

  7. English Language Teaching in Yunann Province: Opportunities & Challenges%English Language Teaching in Yunann Province:Opportunities&Challenges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fengqin Liu

    2016-01-01

    With the development of the relations between China and ASEAN, English language learning and teaching is playing a more and more important role -- especially, the importance of location of Yunnan province as a"major bridgehead" for international relations with Southeast Asia. Because of the policy of making English an official language in ASEAN,'Opportunities and Challenges' shall be discussed in this article. Also, some suggestions to enhance teacher training would be proposed.

  8. 白龙江中游地震滑坡体植被初期的自然恢复能力——以陇南市武都区清水沟滑坡体为例%Natural recovery ability of the initial vegetation stage of earthquake landslide in the middle reaches of Bai Longjiang——A case study in Qingshuigou earthquake landslide of Wudu District, Longnan City, Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马和; 张继强; 康建军; 薛睿; 赵亚萍; 龚志勇; 刘东皓

    2015-01-01

    在野外样方调查的基础上,对陇南市武都区清水沟地震滑坡体上的植物群落组成以及物种多样性进行详细调查和统计分析.结果表明,1)研究区域内植被自然恢复以草本植物为主,有26种,占研究区植物总数的76.5%,灌木较少,有8种,无乔木分布,植物群落组成以草本和小灌木为主,其中优势种为狗牙根(Cynodon dactylon)、马唐(Digitaria sanguinalli)、黄茅(Heteropogon contortus)、芦苇(Phragmites australis)、骆驼蓬(Peganum harmala)等;2)由于环境因子的差异,不同立地条件植物群落物种组成、群落类型以及群落结构存在差异;3)不同立地条件的环境因子不同,特别是水热光照条件组合存在差异,导致不同立地条件下植物群落的自然恢复能力存在明显差异,其自然恢复能力和抗干扰能力指数大小表现为中坡位>下坡位>上坡位.

  9. Teaching Wave Propagation and the Emergence of Viete's Formula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cullerne, J. P.; Goekjian, M. C. Dunn

    2012-01-01

    The well-known result for the frequency of a simple spring-mass system may be combined with elementary concepts like speed = wavelength x frequency to obtain wave propagation speeds for an infinite chain of springs and masses (masses "m" held apart at equilibrium distance "a" by springs of stiffness "gamma"). These propagation speeds are dependent…

  10. Building Organic Bridges: Volume 4, Sweden - Viet Nam

    OpenAIRE

    Rahmann, Gerold; Aksoy, Uygun

    2014-01-01

    [Foreword ...] The 18th IFOAM Organic World Congress held on 13-15 October, 2014 in Istanbul-Turkey targets to 'build organic bridges'. The Scientific track will contribute to bridging not only scientists but also institutions and disciplines, and to linking more developed and less developed, rural and urban, research to extension, plant to animal, farm practices to world-wide problems and producer and consumers. Organic is a management system that requires a diversity of inputs from differen...

  11. Research on Consumption Structure of Rural Residents in Gansu Province Based on ELES Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    By using cross-section data on consumption structure of rural residents in Gansu Province in 2007 and 2008,this paper adopts ELES model to conduct empirical analysis on consumption structure of rural residents in Gansu Province.It indicates that in the current consumption structure of rural residents in Gansu Province,food expenditure is still at the most important and basic level;the overall consumption level of rural residents in Gansu Province is not high;at present,the consumption of rural residents in Gansu Province still hinges in a large measure on income,vulnerable to the price fluctuation.Consequently,increasing farmers’ income and stabilizing the level of commodity price,turns out to be a foundation as well as an important approach to improve consumption structure of rural residents in Gansu Province.

  12. Empirical Analysis on the Grain Supply Capacity of Hubei Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    According to the investigation results of grain production and demand status of administrative units at county level in Hubei Province in the years 2004-2007,status and trend of grain production and grain demand in Hubei Province are analyzed,so as to discuss the grain supply capacity of Hubei Province.Result shows that affected by the adjustment of agricultural structure and the transfer of rural labor,Hubei Province shows a significant decrease in grain production before the year 2002,and a gradual increase in both grain production scale and grain supply capacity after the year 2004.It is forecasted that in the year 2020,Hubei Province will provide 13 100 thousand tons marketable grain to the state and will become a core province ensuring the grain security of China.

  13. The Evaluation of the Agricultural Mechanization Level of Sivas Province Between 1997-2007 Years

    OpenAIRE

    yardımcısı, Baş editör ve; ASLAN, İhsan

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the mechanizaton level of Sivas Province between 1997-2007 years. The datas of study were collected from statistical database of Sivas Province Agriculture Directorship. In determination of the agricultural mechanization level of Sivas province; the criteria such as tractor power per cultivated land unit (kW/ha), tractor number per 1000 ha cultivated land unit (tractor/1000 ha) and cultivated land per tractor number (ha/tractor) were used.

  14. An Empirical Analysis of Influential Factors in International Tourism Income in Sichuan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Qizhi Yang; Feng Ye; Fuhui Yan

    2011-01-01

    Sichuan Province is abundant in tourism resources, a big tourism province. Its tourism income occupies a relatively great rate in the total output value of local area. However, an analysis of the tourism income structure of Sichuan Province, it is found that whether in terms of the total output or the proportion it occupies, the international tourism income lags behind domestic tourism income. In the meanwhile, whether compared with such cosmopolis as Beijing and Shanghai or compared with Jia...

  15. The Impact of Coal Mining on the Economy and Environment of South Kalimantan Province, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Luthfi Fatah

    2008-01-01

    This study investigates the impact of coal mining on the economy and environment of South Kalimantan Province, one of the most important coal producing regions in Indonesia. It uses a Social Accounting matrix to assess how the industry affects the province's economy and the livelihoods of its people. It also investigates what policy options will best reduce its negative environmental impacts at least cost to the province's economy. The study, by Luthfi Fatah of Lambung Mangkurat University, f...

  16. Simulation of Change Trend of Drought in Shaanxi Province in Future Based on PRECIS Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to predict the change trend of drought in Shaanxi Province in future. [Method] Based on the regional climate model PRECIS from Hadley Climate Center, British Meteorological Bureau, taking precipitation anomaly percentage as assessment index, the change trend of drought in Shaanxi Province in reference years (1971-1990) was simulated, and the change trend of drought in Shaanxi Province from 2071 to 2100 was predicted. [Result] The simulated value of drought frequency in reference year...

  17. Measurement and Evaluation of Efficiency of Regional Technical Innovation Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚荒; 王新宇

    2004-01-01

    The target system was built to evaluate the efficiency of technical innovation for 13 cities and three regions in Jiangsu province based on the data envelopment analysis. This paper comparatively analyzed the efficiency of innovation and scaling return for each region in Jiangsu province. The projection analysis on production frontier face for inefficient regions was also performed. Evolving rules and regional difference of technical innovation system of Jiangsu province were explored. Some important results and suggestion were obtained.

  18. Climatic Characteristics of Hail Disaster and Division of Defense Region in Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to study the climatic characteristics of hail disaster from 1984 to 2006 in Guizhou Province,China.[Method] Through statistical analysis,the climatic characteristics and disaster characteristics of hail from 1984 to 2006 in Guizhou Province were annalyzed and compared with previous results,then the classification standards of hail disaster were established,finally the defense zoning map of hail disaster in Guizhou Province was made.[Result] According to the statistical analysis on th...

  19. Study on Measures and Policies to Reduce Pollution in Raising Livestock and Poultry in Jiangsu Province

    OpenAIRE

    Liang, Yonghong; GUAN, Yongxiang; Wu, Hao; Wang, Zichen

    2013-01-01

    As a developed province in China, Jiangsu Province is competitive in the livestock and poultry production industry. With the development and growing intensity of livestock and poultry industry, animal pollution has become the major source of panel agricultural pollution. This paper studied the characteristics of livestock and poultry industry in Jiangsu Province: large amount of livestock poultry, imbalanced development of livestock and regional differences, large pollution, large amount of p...

  20. Analysis on the Climate Variation Characteristics of Frost in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The research aimed to study the climate variation characteristics of frost in Shandong Province. [Method] The daily minimum surface temperature ≤ 0 ℃ in autumn or spring was as the frost index. Based on the daily minimum surface temperature data in 67 meteorological observatories of Shandong Province during 1961-2008, the variation characteristics of first, last frost dates and frost-free period in Shandong Province were analyzed by using the climate diagnosis analysis method. [Result] The clima...

  1. Research on the International Export Competitiveness of Honey – Taking Anhui Province as an example

    OpenAIRE

    Yu Hua; Qi Yanbin; Yan Yubao; Cui Pengbo

    2015-01-01

    This article uses the data of honey export from 2000 to 2013 (Jan. to Aug.) to make an analysis on the fluctuation of honey export number and price in Anhui Province in order to know about the current situation of honey export in Anhui Province. Then it quantitatively makes an analysis on the current situation of international export competitiveness of honey in Anhui Province by market share, trade competitiveness index, export quality index and other methods; It also uses the analysis result...

  2. The Strategic Study on Low-carbon Transformation of Food Packaging Industry of Anhui Province

    OpenAIRE

    Fang Wang

    2015-01-01

    For exploring low-carbon development of packaging industry of Anhui province and abating gradual deterioration of global energy, environment and climate. Based on the related theory of the low-carbon economy, combined with the characteristics of food packaging industry of Anhui Province, the thesis is designed to explore some strategies of low-carbon transition of food packaging industry in Anhui Province from the aspects of constructing low-carbon social atmosphere, the formulating relevant ...

  3. Evaluation of Ecological Carrying Capacity of Henan Province under the Sustainable Development

    OpenAIRE

    Jiang, Xiao-Ping

    2010-01-01

    Based on the overview of social economy of Henan Province, I probe into the concept and evaluation of ecological carrying capacity. By using the ecological footprint analysis and the data of various kinds of land supply of Henan Province from 2000 to 2008, the ecological carrying capacity of Henan Province is analyzed. It is unveiled that inharmonious population, natural resources and economic resources affects the efficiency of the sustainable development of ecological carrying capacity of H...

  4. Study on Improving Development Strategies of New Rural Social Pension Insurance System in Heilongjiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Qi-wen; Li Hui-fang; Gao Li-na

    2012-01-01

    Since 2009, the new rural pension insurance in Heilongjiang Province has obtained certain achievements, but the effects are not obvious. Reflection on the development process, we find that there are a lot of problems. Therefore, in order to guarantee the smooth implementation of new rural social pension insurance work in Heilongjiang Province, this paper combined with the reality to provide several suggestions for improving the new rural social pension insurance system in Heilongjiang Province.

  5. Land Demand and Land Use Regulation for the Building of International Tourist Island in Hainan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Bin; Gao, Yuan; Lin, Bo; Luo, Sheng-wei; Li, Gang; Li, Xiao-Ye

    2012-01-01

    We conduct analysis on the urban construction's demand for land, tourism's demand for land, infant industry's demand for land and infrastructure's demand for land in Hainan Province, respectively, and forecast the amount of newly-added land in Hainan Province in 2015 compared to 2008. Based on regional characteristics, we analyze the main problems in land use in Hainan Province, and work out the regional land use regulation plan, to provide scientific guidance for the building of Internationa...

  6. Simulation Calculation and Distribution Characteristics of Terrain Reflected Radiation in Fujian Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to study the distribution characteristics of terrain reflected radiation in Fujian Province.[Method] Based on solar radiation data,digital elevation model (DEM) and surface meteorological observation data in Fujian Province,plus surface albedo obtained by using remote sensing inversion method,the distribution of terrain reflected radiation in Fujian Province from 1988 to 2007 was simulated,and then its temporal and spatial distribution characteristics was studied.[Result] The simulat...

  7. Agricultural water-saving potential and feasibility of developing semi-dryland farming in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huang Xiuqiao; Wang Jinglei

    2013-01-01

    Based on the collected data in the current status of developing and utilizing water resources and imple-menting water-saving agriculture in Henan Province,and taking into account the influence of engineering,agro-nomic and management measures,the water-saving potential in past years and the feasibility of implementing semi-dryland farming were analyzed in Henan Province. Finally,specific technical measures of developing semi-dryland farming in different areas of Henan Province were proposed.

  8. Analysis on the Climatic Characteristics of Temperature in "24 Solar Terms" in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to analyze the climatic characteristics of temperature in "24 solar terms" in Liaoning Province.[Method] Based on the daily temperature data from 56 stations in Liaoning Province from 1951 to 2009,the climatic characteristics of temperature in "24 solar terms" in Liaoning Province in recent 59 years were analyzed.[Result] The time series of average temperature in "24 solar terms" in Liaoning Province showed quasi normal distribution from 1951 to 2009,namely single peak type.Great Hea...

  9. Strengths,Problems,and Recommendations of Potato Staple Food Development in Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Weifang; FAN; Aiping; LAI; Guoquan; LU

    2015-01-01

    China launched the potato staple food strategy in 2015. The potato staple food strategy focuses on increasing potato consumption and promoting potato production through processing and use of potato staple food. This provides new opportunity for development of potato in Zhejiang Province. This paper analyzed development strengths and existing problems of the potato industry in Zhejiang Province. On this basis,it came up with pertinent recommendations for potato staple food development in Zhejiang Province,so as to guide consumption with nutrition,and guide production with consumption,to provide theoretical foundation for development of potato industry in Zhejiang Province.

  10. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HUMAN RESOURCES FOR HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT LEVELS OF PROVINCES

    OpenAIRE

    Taskaya, Serap; Sahin, Bayram; Demirkiran, Mustafa; Yalcin, Pinar Balcik

    2015-01-01

    The sizes of human resources for health are the most important indicators which are used to determine the level of health status among countries, regions or provinces. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between health workforce to population ratios and economic development ranking of provinces. The data on economic development ranking of provinces were obtained from          "Socio-Economic Development Ranking of Provinces and Regions "published in 2013 by the Republic of Tu...

  11. Estimation on the Total Quantity of Biomass Energy and Its Environmental Benefit Analysis in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to estimate the total quantity of biomass energy and analyze its environmental benefit in Shandong Province.[Method] Based on the data from the statistics yearbook of Shandong Province in 2010,the total quantity of biomass resources and biomass energy in Shandong Province in 2009 was estimated,and its environmental benefit was analyzed.[Result] Biomass resources in Shandong Province mainly refer to crop residues,forest residues,grassland changed from degraded land.If degraded land be...

  12. Research on the International Export Competitiveness of Honey – Taking Anhui Province as an example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu Hua

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article uses the data of honey export from 2000 to 2013 (Jan. to Aug. to make an analysis on the fluctuation of honey export number and price in Anhui Province in order to know about the current situation of honey export in Anhui Province. Then it quantitatively makes an analysis on the current situation of international export competitiveness of honey in Anhui Province by market share, trade competitiveness index, export quality index and other methods; It also uses the analysis result to find out the relevant factors that affect the international honey export competitiveness and proposes the relevant countermeasures to improve the international competitiveness of honey in Anhui Province.

  13. Land Demand and Land Use Regulation for the Building of International Tourist Island in Hainan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Bin; GAO Yuan; LIN Bo; LUO Sheng-wei; LI Gang; LI Xiao-ye

    2012-01-01

    We conduct analysis on the urban construction’s demand for land, tourism’s demand for land, infant industry’s demand for land and infrastructure’s demand for land in Hainan Province, respectively, and forecast the amount of newly-added land in Hainan Province in 2015 compared to 2008. Based on regional characteristics, we analyze the main problems in land use in Hainan Province, and work out the regional land use regulation plan, to provide scientific guidance for the building of International tourist island in Hainan Province.

  14. Amazonian volcanic activity at the Syrtis volcanic province, Mars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Platz, Thomas; Jodlowski, Piotr; Fawdon, Peter; Michael, Greg; Tanaka, Kenneth

    2014-05-01

    The Syrtis Major volcanic province, including the entire Syrtis Major Planum, is located near the Martian highland/lowland transitional zone west of Isidis Planitia. It covers ≡7.4×105 km2 and contains two low-shield volcanic edifices with N-S elongated calderas named Nili and Meroe Paterae. The estimated thickness of erupted material in the province ranges from approximately 0.5 km to 1.0 km with a total volume of about 1.6-3.2×105 km3 [1]. The timing of volcanic activity in the Syrtis Major volcanic province has been suggested to be restricted to the Hesperian Period [1-4]. In the geological map of Greeley and Guest [2], volcanic material of Syrtis Major was assigned an Hesperian age based on the density of observed craters larger than 5 km in diameter. Using the same crater density range, recent studies of Hiesinger et al. [1] and Tanaka et al. [3] and Tanaka et al. [4] assigned an Early Hesperian and Early to Late Hesperian age, respectively, for the entire province. In this study we mapped lava flows, lava channels, and major lava-flow margins and report model ages for lava-flow formation and caldera segments of Nili and Meroe Paterae. The objective of this ongoing survey is to better understand the eruption frequency of this volcanic province. In total, we mapped 67 lava flows, caldera segments, and intra-crater fillings of which 55 were dated. Crater size-frequency distributions (CSFD) were mapped on HRSC and CTX imagery using CraterTools [5]. CSFDs were analyzed and model ages determined in Craterstats [6] using the production and chronology functions of Ivanov [7] and Hartmann and Neukum [8], respectively. A detailed description of the utilization of the crater-counting technique and its limitations with respect to small-scale mapping is given in Platz et al. [9]. Model ages range between 838 Ma (Middle Amazonian) to 3.6 Ga (Late Hesperian). In our survey, a broad age peak occurs between 2 to 2.6 Ga, continuously declining thereafter. We note that

  15. Trachoma rapid assessment in Shandong province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qu Yi; Bi Hongsheng; Wen Ying; Li Chaofeng; Wu Hui

    2014-01-01

    Background This research aims at identifying relative interventions on trachoma and testing the effectiveness of control measures adopted by assessing its prevalence and related risk factors in Shandong province of China.Methods Trachoma rapid assessment (TRA) was conducted in 6 sub-districts selected from Shandong province based on primary high risk assessment.Active trachoma in children aged 1-9 years and environmental risk factors of trachoma (unclean faces,absence of running water,and absence of flush toilets) were assessed (TRA 1).Control measures were taken in endemic areas.A second TRA (TRA 2) was conducted after 12 months in the same 6 districts and findings of the two TRAs were compared.Results In TRA 1,we found trachoma in 3 sub-districts and the detection rate was 4% (95% Cl:0.39%-11.12%),6% (95% Cl:1.18%-14.17%),and 6% (95% Cl:1.18%-14.17%) respectively.We could not find trachoma cases in TRA 2.Research data supports that children living with environmental risk factors face an increased risk to active trachoma.However,we could not find statistical evidence for this association,which may be caused by the limited data on prevalence.Conclusions This research indicates that the TRA methodology is easy to assess trachoma and its related risk factors.Based on the results of this study,we have already achieved the goal of "elimination of trachoma" in Shandong province,as the detection rate of trachomatous inflamation follicular/trachomatous inflammation intense in 1-9-year-old children was less than 5%.

  16. QUALITY AND QUANTITY SURVEY OF HOSPITAL WASTEWATERS IN HORMOZGAN PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sh. Sarafraz, M. R. Khani, K. Yaghmaeian

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Hospital wastewaters are one of the most contaminating wastewaters and need to be paid more attention due to containing infectious agents. In this study, which had been conducted in a period of one year, 7 public hospitals were selected out of 12 public hospitals in Hormozgan Province of Iran. For studying quality of wastewater in hospitals, both influent and effluent wastewaters of treatment plant, if any, were sampled once in each season and totally 30 mixed samples were obtained. In order to determine the quality of hospital wastewaters in all samples, parameters such as pH, BOD5, COD, TSS and temperature were measured. Results of investigation on annual water consumption indicated that average water consumption in hospitals of the province was 194m3/d., considering water-to-wastewater conversion ratio of 0.8 and green yard ratio of 0.3. Wastewater production rate had been estimated to be 47m3/d and 0.362 m3/d.bed. Results indicated that in 7 hospitals of Hormozgan province, mean values of BOD5 ,COD ,TSS in raw wastewater were 242.25 mg/L, 628.1 mg/L and 231.25 mg/L, respectively, pH=7.42 and temperature=30.17 ºC. In Khalij-e-Fars hospital which had wastewater treatment plant, values of these parameters in effluent were 12.53 mg/L and 51.7 mg/L, 19.68 mg/L, respectively, with pH=7.39 and temperature=26.1 ºC. Comparison between values of influent and effluent wastewaters indicated that in understudy cases, contamination rate was higher than determined limits, as compared to environmental standards of the country and it was necessary to establish appropriate treatment plants in these units.

  17. Midwifery workforce profile in Limpopo Province referral hospitals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sam T. Ntuli

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE Background: In sub-Saharan Africa including South Africa, maternal mortality rates remain unacceptably high due to a shortage of registered nurses with advanced midwifery diplomas.Objective: To determine the profile of registered nurses (RNs involved in maternity care in public referral hospitals of the Limpopo Province, South Africa.Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in all maternity units of Limpopo’s public referral hospitals. The study population comprised of 210 registered nurses, who became the study sample. Data on their educational profile and work experience in midwifery was analysed using STATA version 9.0.Results: The mean age of the 210 registered nurses was 44.5 ± 9.1 years (range 21 to 62. The majority (152/210; 70% were 40 years and older, 56% (117/210 had been working for more than 10 years, and 63/210 (30% were due to retire within 10 years. Only 22% (46/210 had advanced midwifery diplomas, i.e. after their basic undergraduate training. Only six (2.9% of the RNs providing maternity care in these referral hospitals were studying for advanced midwifery diplomas at the time of the study.Conclusion: This study demonstrated a shortage of registered nurses with advanced midwifery training/diplomas in referral hospitals of the Limpopo Province. This has a potentially negative effect in reducing the high maternal mortality rate in the province.

  18. Chronic patient care at North West Province clinics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claire van Deventer

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Chronic illnesses are a significant burden to the health services in South Africa. There is a specific national health plan whereby chronically ill patients who are acceptably controlled should be managed at clinic level. The perception has emerged that the management of primary care has not been optimal in the Southern District of the North West Province. This provided the motivation to initiate this research, namely consideration of chronic patient care at clinics in the North West Province of South Africa.Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out at four randomly selected clinics covering four sub-districts in the Southern District (North West Province. This was done using charts and registers at the clinics. Inclusion criteria were patients older than 18, and presenting with the following chronic illnesses: asthma/chronic obstructive airways disease (COAD, hypertension, diabetes and epilepsy. The major focus areas were the regular assessment of the patients, the level of control of the illness and the use of the Essential Drugs List and Standard Treatment Guidelines (EDL/STG.Results: In the cases of all the chronic illnesses it was found that regular assessments were poorly done, with asthma (peak flow measurements being the most poorly done. Control was generally less than 50% for all the illnesses, although the EDL was followed fairly well by the personnel at the clinics.Conclusion: In the light of the burden of chronic illness the results give cause for great concern about the quality of care for chronically ill patients, and reasons were sought for some of the poor results. A subsequent decision was taken to carry out comprehensive quality improvement projects on each of the illnesses over the following five years.

  19. SPATIAL AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF LEPTOSPIROSIS IN GUILAN PROVINCE, IRAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Mohammadi Nia

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The most underdiagnosed water-borne bacterial zoonosis in the world is Leptospirosis which especially impacts tropical and humid regions. According to World Health Organization (WHO, the number of human cases is not known precisely. Available reports showed that worldwide incidences vary from 0.1-1 per 100 000 per year in temperate climates to 10-100 per 100 000 in the humid tropics. Pathogenic bacteria that is spread by the urines of rats is the main reason of water and soil infections. Rice field farmers who are in contact with infected water or soil, contain the most burden of leptospirosis prevalence. In recent years, this zoonotic disease have been occurred in north of Iran endemically. Guilan as the second rice production province (average=750 000 000 Kg, 40% of country production after Mazandaran, has one of the most rural population (Male=487 679, Female=496 022 and rice workers (47 621 insured workers among Iran provinces. The main objectives of this study were to analyse yearly spatial distribution and the possible spatial clusters of leptospirosis to better understand epidemiological aspects of them in the province. Survey was performed during the period of 2009–2013 at rural district level throughout the study area. Global clustering methods including the average nearest neighbour distance, Moran’s I and General G indices were utilized to investigate the annual spatial distribution of diseases. At the end, significant spatial clusters have been detected with the objective of informing priority areas for public health planning and resource allocation.

  20. Echinococcosis/Hydatidosis in Ilam Province, Western Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jahangir Abdi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Hydatidosis is a zoonotic disease of global prevalence. It causes considerable health problems and economic losses throughout the world, including Iran. The objective of this study was to assess the current status of echinococco­sis/hydatidosis in the province of Ilam (western Iran. Methods: From April to September 2011, 65 stray dogs were collected from urban and rural areas of Ilam City. Parasites were isolated from the dogs and stained with carmine. A taxonomic study was carried out by measuring different parts of hel­minths. Meat inspection documents from slaughterhouses in Ilam were used to assess the prevalence of hydatidosis during a 3-year period in sheep, cattle, and goats. ELISA test was used to detect the presence of antibodies to hydatidosis in human sera. Clinical records from 2000 to 2010 of either treated or diagnosed pa­tients from public hospitals of this province were reviewed. Results: The prevalence of Echinococcus granulosus infection in stray dogs was 9%. A total of 81,726 animals were assessed for hydatidosis; 2.94% (2403 cases had liver hydatidosis and 2.34% (1918 cases had lung hydatidosis. Within a 10-year period, 140 patients (91 females and 49 males were treated for hydatidosis. Of 1200 hu­man sera, 2.25% (27 patients were seropositive for hydatidosis. Conclusion: Hydatidosis is endemic in Ilam Province especially in rural area. The health and economic losses caused by the disease are significant; thus, our efforts need to be focused on the control of this disease.

  1. Healthcare Services Expenditure: A Case Study in Isfahan Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferdosi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background Determining and understanding of healthcare costs and its financing method is one of the most important subjects understatement of which can cause such major problems as excessive health costs for households due to the high rate of out-of-pocket expenses. Objectives The current study aimed to analyze the healthcare costs and determine the share of Isfahan province, Iran, from the total healthcare costs of the country from 2006 to 2011. Materials and Methods It was a retrospective and descriptive-analytical study. The required statistical data were gathered from statistical yearbooks of the country and the province, the website of the World Bank, the statistics provided by the Healthcare Department of Isfahan and Kashan Universities of Medical Sciences and the statistical data provided by Iran Statistics Center in 2011, all covering the period of six years from 2006 to 2011. Excel software was used for data analysis and computations of the research. Results During this period, the annual growth average of healthcare and treatment costs were 12% and 20%, respectively. The share of the healthcare sector declined from 33% in 2006 to 25.4% in 2011. In other words, healthcare cost per capita, being about one second of the treatment cost per capita, reduced to a third of treatment per capita in 2011. Conclusions Efficient allocation of financial resources in the healthcare system based on specific goals and strategies, coordination of public and private sectors in providing healthcare services, the rising share of the healthcare sector in GDP of the province and the country, and the preference of prevention over treatment measures can affect achieving the healthcare system goals and surmount challenges such as pay-out-of-pocket and rising healthcare costs, particularly the costs of integrated treatment with full performance.

  2. Main Clay Minerals in Soils of Fujian Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANGGUO; ZHANGWEIMING; 等

    1996-01-01

    The clay minerals of more than 200 soil samples collected from various sites of Fujian Province were studied by the X-ray diffraction method and transmission electron microscopy to study their distribution and evolution.Montmorillonite was found in coastal solonchak,paddy soils derived from marine deposit,lacustrine deposit and river deposit,and some lateritic red soil,red soil and yellow soil with a low weathering degree.Chlorite existed mainly in coastal solonchak and paddy soil developed from marine deposit.1.4nm intergradient mineral appeared frequently in yellow soil,red soil and lateritic red soil.The content of 1.4nm intergradient mineral increased with the decrease of weathering degree from lateritic red soil to red soil to yellow soil.Hydrous micas were more in coastal solonchak,paddy soils derived from marine deposit,lacustrine deposit and river deposit.and puple soil from purple shale than in other soils.Kaolinte was the most important clay mineral in the soils iun this province.The higher the soil weathering degree,the more the kaolinite existed.From yellow soil to red soil to lateritic red soil,kaolinite increased gradually,Kaolinite was the predominant clay mineral accompanied by few other minerals in typical lateritic red soil. Tubular halloysite was a widespread clay mineral in soils of Fujian Province with varying quantities.The soil derived from the paent rocks rich in feldspar contained more tubular halloysite.Spheroidal halloysite was found in a red soil and a paddy soil developed from olivine basalt gibbsite in the soils in this district was largely“primary gibbsite” which formed in the early weathering stage.Gibbsite decreased with the increase of weathering degree from yellow soil to red soil to lateritic red soil.Goethite also decreased in the same sequence while hematite increased.

  3. On Translation of Tourist Attractions of Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程珂

    2015-01-01

    Tourism develops and improves quickly as the more communication with foreign countries. Seas of tourists from different backgrounds and cultures come to China for sightseeing. So the translation of tourist attractions is vital and essential. The qualities of translation of tourist attractions will make different impressions on tourists. Based on the current situation of scenic spots translation in Gansu Province, this thesis tries to analyze the existing problems on translation of the names from the persepective of functionalist theory, then some suggestions are proposed on how to revise and correct them.

  4. Current Development Situation and Prospects of Blueberry in Guangdong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lixia; GAO; Hualan; XIAO; Sen; LI; Fengmin; LIU; Aiqiong; MO

    2015-01-01

    With high nutrition and health value,blueberry receives much concern in recent years. Blueberry experts in the world are cultivating new blueberry varieties. They have come up with constructive theoretical support and planting technology researches and are constantly devoted to expanding blueberry planting latitudes. This paper elaborated researches of blueberry at home and abroad,current development situation of blueberry in China and Guangdong Province,analyzed strengths of planting blueberry in Guangdong. Besides,it came up with recommendations for development of blueberry industry. Finally,it discussed development prospects of blueberry planting in Guangdong.

  5. Endometriosis in the north Italian province of South Tyrol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinkasserer, Martin; Engl, Bruno

    2009-11-01

    Here, we report regarding the health status and medical support for patients suffering from endometrioisis in South Tyrol, which is a politically autonomous province in the north of Italy containing three different ethnic groups. The health service is administered largely by the autonomous regional government. Because of the establishment of a centre for reproductive medicine and the introduction of laparoscopy as a prime surgery method, the gynaecological department of the hospital in Bruneck developed into a reference centre for diagnosis and surgical treatment for endometriosis. The planned future social, health care and insurance developments on local and national level regarding this illness will be discussed.

  6. Hydrobios and Control of Eutrophication in Dongping Lake, Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The Hydrobios in Dongping Lake, Shandong Province, mainly includes phytoplankton, zooplankton, benthic animals, fishes and hydrophytic vascular plants. Nitrogen and phosphorus are the restrictive factors for the growth and propagation of hydrophyta, therefore the key to the prevention and control of eutrophication in lakes lies in the control of the contents of the two elements in the water. Artificial fishing of algae can reduce the concentrations of trophic substances such as nitrogen and phosphorus in the water bodies, and biological measures may decrease the contents of these trophic substances in the bottom sediments and the water bodies, thereby playing an active role in modifying the eutrophication of the lake.

  7. Poliomyelitis surveillance in Shandong Province, China, 1990-92.

    OpenAIRE

    Chiba, Y; Xu, A.; Li, L.; T. Lei; Takezaki, T; Hagiwara, A.; Yoneyama, T; T Fujiwara; Hara, M.; Yamamoto, T.

    1994-01-01

    In Shandong Province, China, programmes were initiated in 1991 for mass immunization against poliomyelitis and for the immediate reporting of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP). The incidence of non-poliomyelitis AFP was found to be 0.46-0.61 cases per 100,000 children per annum. It appeared that illness resembling the Guillain-Barré syndrome was underreported. The incidence of such illness peaked among children aged 2-3 years. Although laboratory investigations have improved, in 1992 they were st...

  8. Development Situation and Future Tendency of Liaohe Oil Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cao Weigeng

    1995-01-01

    @@ Liaohe Oil Province is the third largest one stably developing in China. It's composed of more than 20 oil and gas fields with complicated geological conditions. It has various types of reservoir developing 14 sets of oil-bearig horizon with multi-types of crude oil (light oil,heavy oil and high pour-point oil). From 1970 to the end of 1993, there were 22 oilfields which have been put into exploitation, including Huaxiling Oilfield etc. More, Shuangnan and Kailu Oilfields are now on trial production. Since 1984,the annual incremental production of crude oil from these fields reached over 85× 104 t (see Fig. 1).

  9. Natural Gas Gathering and Transporting Pipeline Networks in Sichuan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou Xuehou

    1995-01-01

    @@ It is over 30 years since Baxian-Chongqing Gas Transmission Pipeline has been put into operation in 1960s. So far approximately 8 000 km pipelines of various kinds have been built in Sichuan, among which about 1 800 km are gas pipelines (the maximum diameter of 720 mm ),therefor a gathering pipeline system has been established which connects more than 80 gas fields over ten of major industrial cities in Sichuan, such as Chengdu, Chongqing,Zigong, Luzhou, Daxian, Deyang, Mianyang, Nanchong,and more than 600 large and medium size end-users and the chemical fertilizer manufacturing bases in the neighboring provinces of Yunnan and Guizhou.

  10. Palynological analysis of honeys from Palencia Province (Spain)

    OpenAIRE

    Herrero, Baudilio; Valencia-barrera, Rosa María

    2001-01-01

    A pollen analysis of 49 honey samples from Palencia province has been carried out. According to the pollen spectra found, most of them are multifloral (27); 22 samples were monofloral. The monofloral honeys were Erica type followed by Centaurea, Reseda, Onobrychis, Rubus, Cytisus and Hederá. 126 different pollen types were recorded, belonging to 41 families. 53 of them reached percentages over 3% in some samples. The other 73 types did not reach percentages over 3% in any of the 49 samples. T...

  11. Recent Trends of Epidemic Hypertension in Guangdong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Hypertension survey was carried out in Guangdong Province in 1991, according to a national sampling survey program. 42 899 urban and rural men and women aged ≥ 15 were involved in the survey. The results revealed that the standardized prevalence rate of hypertension was 8.99% (definite 4. 24%, borderline 4.75% ) . It was higher in men than in women, in urban than in rural samples.Compared with the survey in 1979, the prevalence rate increased by 90% and the curve of aged- prevalence rates shifted leftward. This article also discuss the possible factors that lead to the increase of hypertension.

  12. On Translation of Tourist Attractions of Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程珂

    2015-01-01

    Tourism develops and improves quickly as the mor communication with foreign countries. Seas of tourists from different backgrounds and cultures come to China for sightseeing So the translation of tourist attractions is vital and essential. Th qualities of translation of tourist attractions will make differen impressions on tourists. Based on the current situation of sceni spots translation in Gansu Province, this thesis tries to analyz the existing problems on translation of the names from th persepective of functionalist theory, then some suggestions ar proposed on how to revise and correct them.

  13. Problems in Food Safety of Hunan Province and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fanfan; OUYANG; Fangming; DENG

    2014-01-01

    In recent years,serious food safety accidents are of frequent occurrence. Although government has taken many practical and feasible measures to contain food safety accidents,new food safety accidents still emerge in large numbers. In this situation,food safety control is a long-term and arduous task to be performed jointly by many government departments. Finally,it presents corresponding countermeasures and recommendations on the basis of current situations of food safety in Hunan Province,problem causes,in combination with control measures related to food safety both at home and abroad.

  14. Investigation of natural radionuclide contents in soil in Guangdong Province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors reported the methods and results of investigation of natural radionuclides in soil in Guangdong (include Hainan) Province. The collecting points of soil are same as the measuring points of γ radiation dose rate of environmental ground. 153 soil samples were collected and analysed by γ-spectrometry, of which 144 points were sited in uniformly distributed networks. The results show that the area-weighted mean of 238U, 226Ra, 232Th and 40K was 71.2, 50.8, 57.2 and 414.5 Bq · kg-1, respectively

  15. Epidemiology of assaultive injuries in areas of Sichuan province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DENG Zheng-hua; LI Lei-bo; ZHOU Xiao-rong; CHANG Yun-feng; CHEN Xiao-gang

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To scrutinize the epidemiologicalcharacteristics of assaultive injuries in Sichuan province,China.Methods: A survey of all cases of assaultive injuries reported by police was performed during 8 years in eight counties of Sichuan province, China. A total of 2862victims and 2856 offenders were registered.Results: The majority of victims and offenders were young men at the age of 20-39 and only received an education at secondary school or primary school. The largest fraction of these cases took place at farm or by-place during 10. 00-11.00 o'clock, 16.00-17.00 o'clock and 20.00-21.00 o'clock. The tangles caused by trifles were the most common factors inducing assaultive injuries and accounted for 42.1 percent of the causes of assaults. Blunt injuries were mainly caused by punching (40%) and kicking ( 17. 2 %). About 37.3 % of the lesions seriously happened in the regions of face and head. Open wounds accounted for 40.3 % of these different injuries.Conclusions: It is valuable to take some specific measures to prevent and control assaultive injuries according to their territorial characteristics.

  16. Malaria in Zhejiang Province, China, from 2005 to 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Hualiang; Yao, Linong; Zhang, Lingling; Zhang, Xuan; Lu, Qiaoyi; Yu, Kegen; Ruan, Wei

    2015-08-01

    To summarize the changing epidemiological characteristics of malaria in Zhejiang Province, China, we collected data on malaria from the Chinese Notifiable Disease Reporting System (NDRS) and analyzed them. A total of 2,738 malaria cases were identified in Zhejiang Province from 2005 to 2014, of which 2,018 were male and 720 were female. Notably, only 7% of malaria cases were indigenous and the other cases were all imported. The number of malaria cases increased from 2005 to 2007, peaked in 2007, and then decreased from 2007 to 2011. There were no indigenous cases from 2012 to 2014. Of all cases, 68% of cases contracted Plasmodium vivax, 27% of cases contracted P. falciparum, and two cases contracted P. malariae. About 88% of malaria cases during 2005-2011 occurred yearly between May and October, but the number of malaria cases in different months during 2012-2014 was similar. The median age was 33 years, and 1,892 cases occurred in persons aged 20-50 years. The proportion of businessmen increased and the proportion of migrant laborers decreased in recent years. The median time from illness onset to confirmation of malaria cases was 5 days and it decreased from 2005 to 2014. Some epidemiological characteristics of malaria have changed, and businessmen are the emphases to surveillance in every month. PMID:26078321

  17. Helminths of guineafowls in Limpopo Province, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Junker

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Between July 2005 and November 2006 the gastro-intestinal helminths of 15 Helmeted guineafowls and a single Crested guineafowl from Musina, Limpopo Province were examined, and in July and August 2005 helminths were collected from five Helmeted guineafowls from Mokopane in the same province. The acanthocephalan Mediorhynchus gallinarum, the cestodes Abuladzugnia gutterae, Davainea nana, Hymenolepis cantaniana, Numidella numida, Octopetalum numida, Ortleppolepis multiuncinata, Porogynia paronai, Raillietina angusta, Raillietina pintneri, Raillietina steinhardti and Raillietina sp. and the nematodes Ascaridia numidae, Cyrnea parroti, Gongylonema congolense, Hadjelia truncata, Sicarius caudatus, Subulura dentigera, Subulura suctoria, Subulura sp., Tetrameres numida and an unidentified subulurid were recovered. A single trematode species, Dicrocoelium macrostomum, was present in the liver. Mediorhynchus gallinarum, A. gutterae, O. multiuncinata, H. truncata and S. caudatus are recorded for the first time from Helmeted guineafowls, as well as from South Africa. South Africa is a new geographic record for D. macrostomum, G. congolense and D. nana. Subulura suctoria, G. congolense and H. truncata from the Crested guineafowl constitute new host-parasite associations.

  18. A probe into reasons for international migration in Fujian Province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, G

    1990-01-01

    In this paper, the author discusses the extent of international migration from China's Fujian Province and considers the reasons behind the migration. The most recent estimates place China's overseas population at 22.1 million, 19 million (88%) of which are concentrated in Southeast Asia. According to the author's calculations, at least 7 million of the Chinese overseas population are of Fujian descent. Indonesia alone holds some 3.3 million Fujianese. Malaysia, Singapore, and the Philippines account for most of the remaining Fujianese overseas population. Having established the extent of international migration from the Fujian Province, the author attempts to establish the reasons behind it. The author first considers the historical origins of Fujianese international migration, from its early states (end century B.C.-17th century) to modern times *18-early 20th century) to the current period (1949-present). The author then examines the reasons behind the migration, primarily the social environment and individual behavior. Finally, the author provides categories of international migration, stressing that these categories often overlap or coincide. Most of the early migration was "spontaneous" -- essentially, an unplanned occurrence. During the modern period, most migration was "forced" by the contract labor system instituted by colonialists. Political and social upheaval also prompted "provoked" international migration. And following the Chinese Revolution, "free" migration allowed many to return home or to join relative abroad. PMID:12284987

  19. PARASITIC CONTAMINATION OF WELLS DRINKING WATER IN MAZANDARAN PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. Yousefi ، H. Ziaei hezarjaribi ، A. A. Enayati ، R. A. Mohammadpoor

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available There is a direct relation between the prevalence of some parasitic diseases and the presence of those etiologic agents in water. The purpose of this research was to determine the contamination rate of wells drinking water to parasites in Mazandaran province in the north of Iran. 989 water samples were randomly taken based on the population of towns and number of health centers from 12 cities of Mazandaran province and transferred to the laboratory in sterile containers. Water samples were then filtered and analyzed according to the World Health Organization guidelines. Direct method and Gram staining procedure were used to identify the parasites. If cryptosporidium was seen, floatation (sheather’s sugar and modified Ziehl-Neelsen staining method were performed. Parasites count was undertaken using McMaster counting slide (0.3 mL. 197 out of 989 water samples were contaminated with different parasites. From 197 contaminated samples, 20 different types of parasites were separated of which 53 (26.9% were pathogenic, 100 (50.8% non pathogenic, and 44 non-infective stages of parasites. Distance between wells and sources of contamination, type of water distribution systems, city and chlorination status had significantly statistical relationship with contamination prevalence (p<0.001. According to the results and considering the direct correlation between safe water and human health, proper implementation of providing hygienic drinking water should be enforced.

  20. Malaria incidence in Limpopo Province, South Africa, 1998–2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grobusch Martin P

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Malaria is endemic in the low-altitude areas of the northern and eastern parts of South Africa with seasonal transmission. The aim of this descriptive study is to give an overview of the malaria incidence and mortality in Limpopo Province for the seasons 1998–1999 to 2006–2007 and to detect trends over time and place. Methods Routinely collected data on diagnosed malaria cases and deaths were available through the provincial malaria information system. In order to calculate incidence rates, population estimates (by sex, age and district were obtained from Statistics South Africa. The Chi squared test for trend was used to detect temporal trends in malaria incidence over the seasons, and a trend in case fatality rate (CFR by age group. The Chi squared test was used to calculate differences in incidence rate and CFR between both sexes and in incidence by age group. Results In total, 58,768 cases of malaria were reported, including 628 deaths. The mean incidence rate was 124.5 per 100,000 person-years and the mean CFR 1.1% per season. There was a decreasing trend in the incidence rate over time (p Conclusion Information from this study may serve as baseline data to determine the course and distribution of malaria in Limpopo province over time. In the study period there was a decreasing trend in the incidence rate. Furthermore, the study addresses the need for better data over a range of epidemic-prone settings.