A Baecklund transformation between two integrable discrete hungry systems
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Fukuda, Akiko, E-mail: j1409704@ed.kagu.tus.ac.j [Department of Mathematical Information Science, Graduate School of Science, Tokyo University of Science, 1-3 Kagurazaka, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8601 (Japan); Yamamoto, Yusaku [Graduate School of System Informatics, Kobe University, 1-1 Rokkodai-cho, Nada-ku, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan); Iwasaki, Masashi [Department of Informatics and Environmental Science, Kyoto Prefectural University, 1-5, Nakaragi-cho, Shimogamo, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8522 (Japan); Ishiwata, Emiko [Department of Mathematical Information Science, Tokyo University of Science, 1-3 Kagurazaka, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8601 (Japan); Nakamura, Yoshimasa [Graduate School of Informatics, Kyoto University, Yoshida-Honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501 (Japan)
2011-01-17
The discrete hungry Toda (dhToda) equation and the discrete hungry Lotka-Volterra (dhLV) system are known as integrable discrete hungry systems. In this Letter, through finding the LR transformations associated with the dhToda equation and the dhLV system, we present a Baecklund transformation between these integrable systems.
On Baecklund transformation of D{sub n} type Toda lattice
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Khanra, Barun, E-mail: barunkhanra@rediffmail.co [Sailendra Sircar Vidyalaya, 62A Shyampukur Street, Calcutta - 700004 (India); Ghose Choudhury, A., E-mail: a_ghosechoudhury@rediffmail.co [Department of Physics, Surendranath College, 24/2 Mahatma Gandhi Road, Calcutta - 700009 (India)
2010-09-06
In this Letter we study the Baecklund transformation for the discrete D{sub n} type Toda lattice with dynamic boundary conditions. As in the periodic case, the transformation is found to be canonical with a corresponding generating function.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
SUHong-Ling; WANGMing-Liang; QINMeng-Zhao
2003-01-01
The homogeneous balance method is a method for solving genera/partial differential equations (PDEs). In this paper we solve a kind of initial problems of the PDEs by using the special Baecklund transformations of the initial problem. The basic Fourier transformation method and some variable-separation skill are used as auxiliaries. Two initial problems of Nizlmich and the Nizlanich-Novikov-Veselov equations are solved by using this approach.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
HUANGDing-Jiang; ZHANGHong-Qing
2004-01-01
By using the extended homogeneous balance method, a new auto-Baecklund transformation(BT) to the generalized Kadomtsew-Petviashvili equation with variable coefficients (VCGKP) are obtained. And making use of the auto-BT and choosing a special seed solution, we get many families of new exact solutions of the VCGKP equations, which include single soliton-like solutions, multi-soliton-like solutions, and special-soliton-like solutions. Since the KP equation and cylindrical KP equation are all special cases of the VCGKP equation, and the corresponding results of these equations are also given respectively.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2002-01-01
By using homogeneous balance principle,we derive a Baecklund trans-formation(BT) to (3+1)-dimensional Kadomtsev-Petviashvili( K-P) equation with variable coefficients if the variable coefficients are linearly dependent.Based on the BT,the exact solution of the (3+1)-dimensional K-P equation is given.By the same method,we derive a BT and the solution to (2+1)-dimensional K-P equation,The variable coefficients can change the amplitude of solitary wave,but cannot change the form of solitary wave.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张解放; 刘宇陆
2002-01-01
This article is concerned with the extended homogeneous balance method for studying the abundant lacalized solution structure of the (2+1)-dimensional asymmetric Nizhnik-novikov-Veselov equation.A Baecklund transformation was first obtained.and then the richness of the localized coherent structures was found,which was caused by the entrance of two variable-separated arbitrary functions,in the model.For some spectial choices of the arbitrary functions,it is shown that the localized structures of the model may be dromions,lumps,and rinmg solitons.
Linear problems and Baecklund transformations for the Hirota-Ohta system
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Adler, V.E., E-mail: adler@itp.ac.r [L.D. Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, Chernogolovka (Russian Federation); Postnikov, V.V., E-mail: postnikovvv@rambler.r [Sochi Branch of Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Sochi (Russian Federation)
2011-01-17
The auxiliary linear problems are presented for all discretization levels of the Hirota-Ohta system. The structure of these linear problems coincides essentially with the structure of Nonlinear Schroedinger hierarchy. The squared eigenfunction constraints are found which relate Hirota-Ohta and Kulish-Sklyanin vectorial NLS hierarchies.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
杨瑜
2010-01-01
讨论了形如ut=uxxx+F(u,ux)的非线性偏微分方程由可积系统 定义的Baecklund变换u→v分类问题,给出光滑函数F,P和Q的显式表达式,得到函数F只能是如下形式F(u,ux)=cux3+F1(u)ux,其中c是常数,并且分3种情形确定光滑函数F1和相应的函数P和Q.
Integral—Type Darboux Transformations for the mKdV Hierarchy with Self—COnsistent Sources
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZENGYun－Bo; MAWen－Xiu; 等
2002-01-01
We present integral-type Darboux transformation for the mKdV hierarchy and for the mKdV hierarchy with self-consistent sources,In contrast tiwh the nomal Darboux transformation,the integral-type Darboux transformations can offer non-auto-Baecklund transformation between two(2n+1)-th mKdV equations with self-consistent sources with different degrees.This kind of Darboux transformation enables us to construct the N-soliton solution for the mKdV hierarchy with self-consistent sources.We also propose the formulas for the m times repeated integral-type Darboux transformations for both mKdV hierarchy and mKdV hierarchy with self-consistent sources.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
LACKS,S.A.
2003-10-09
Transformation, which alters the genetic makeup of an individual, is a concept that intrigues the human imagination. In Streptococcus pneumoniae such transformation was first demonstrated. Perhaps our fascination with genetics derived from our ancestors observing their own progeny, with its retention and assortment of parental traits, but such interest must have been accelerated after the dawn of agriculture. It was in pea plants that Gregor Mendel in the late 1800s examined inherited traits and found them to be determined by physical elements, or genes, passed from parents to progeny. In our day, the material basis of these genetic determinants was revealed to be DNA by the lowly bacteria, in particular, the pneumococcus. For this species, transformation by free DNA is a sexual process that enables cells to sport new combinations of genes and traits. Genetic transformation of the type found in S. pneumoniae occurs naturally in many species of bacteria (70), but, initially only a few other transformable species were found, namely, Haemophilus influenzae, Neisseria meningitides, Neisseria gonorrheae, and Bacillus subtilis (96). Natural transformation, which requires a set of genes evolved for the purpose, contrasts with artificial transformation, which is accomplished by shocking cells either electrically, as in electroporation, or by ionic and temperature shifts. Although such artificial treatments can introduce very small amounts of DNA into virtually any type of cell, the amounts introduced by natural transformation are a million-fold greater, and S. pneumoniae can take up as much as 10% of its cellular DNA content (40).
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Peters, Terri
2011-01-01
Artiklen diskuterer ordet "transformation" med udgangspunkt i dels hvorledes ordet bruges i arkitektfaglig terminologi og dels med fokus på ordets potentielle indhold og egnethed i samme teminologi.......Artiklen diskuterer ordet "transformation" med udgangspunkt i dels hvorledes ordet bruges i arkitektfaglig terminologi og dels med fokus på ordets potentielle indhold og egnethed i samme teminologi....
Baker, W.R.
1959-08-25
Transformers of a type adapted for use with extreme high power vacuum tubes where current requirements may be of the order of 2,000 to 200,000 amperes are described. The transformer casing has the form of a re-entrant section being extended through an opening in one end of the cylinder to form a coaxial terminal arrangement. A toroidal multi-turn primary winding is disposed within the casing in coaxial relationship therein. In a second embodiment, means are provided for forming the casing as a multi-turn secondary. The transformer is characterized by minimized resistance heating, minimized external magnetic flux, and an economical construction.
The Transformations of Transformations.
Lin, Francis Y.
2000-01-01
Harris's original idea of transformations has been changed several times in Chomsky's work. This article explicates these transformations, arguing that though their motivations are highly understandable, these transformations are not necessary for understanding the workings of natural languages. (Author/VWL)
Model Transformations? Transformation Models!
Bézivin, J.; Büttner, F.; Gogolla, M.; Jouault, F.; Kurtev, I.; Lindow, A.
2006-01-01
Much of the current work on model transformations seems essentially operational and executable in nature. Executable descriptions are necessary from the point of view of implementation. But from a conceptual point of view, transformations can also be viewed as descriptive models by stating only the
On vector analogs of the modified Volterra lattice
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The zero curvature representations, Baecklund transformations, nonlinear superposition principle and the simplest explicit solutions of soliton and breather type are presented for two vector generalizations of modified Volterra lattice. The relations with some other integrable equations are established
Properties of general classical CPsup(n-1) solutions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The general classical solutions with finite action of the CPsup(n-1) model are displayed. Various properties of the solutions such as topological charge, action, Baecklund like transformations and stability are discussed
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Pedersen, Pia
2012-01-01
is not preformed, but formed through the process of transformation; this means that the purpose of transformation is not the styling of charts with pictograms but rather creating a meaningful message. The contribution of this paper is an elaborated understanding of the process of transformation and a demonstration...
Agaian, Sos; Egiazarian, Karen; Astola, Jaakko
2011-01-01
The Hadamard matrix and Hadamard transform are fundamental problem-solving tools in a wide spectrum of scientific disciplines and technologies, such as communication systems, signal and image processing (signal representation, coding, filtering, recognition, and watermarking), digital logic (Boolean function analysis and synthesis), and fault-tolerant system design. Hadamard Transforms intends to bring together different topics concerning current developments in Hadamard matrices, transforms, and their applications. Each chapter begins with the basics of the theory, progresses to more advanced
Bhattacharya, Anjanabha; Kumar, Anish; Desai, Nirali; Parikh, Seema
2012-01-01
The source of genetic information in a plant cell is contained in nucleus, plastids, and mitochondria. Organelle transformation is getting a lot of attention nowadays because of its superior performance over the conventional and most commonly used nuclear transformation for obtaining transgenic lines. Absence of gene silencing, strong predictable transgene expression, and its application in molecular pharming, both in pharmaceutical and nutraceuticals, are some of many advantages. Other important benefits of utilizing this technology include the absence of transgene flow, as organelles are maternally inherited. This may increase the acceptability of organelle transformation technology in the development of transgenic crops in a wider scale all over the globe. As the need for crop productivity and therapeutic compounds increases, organelle transformation may be able to bridge the gap, thereby having a definite promise for the future. PMID:22610643
Bhattacharya, Anjanabha; Kumar, Anish; Desai, Nirali; Parikh, Seema
2012-01-01
The source of genetic information in a plant cell is contained in nucleus, plastids, and mitochondria. Organelle transformation is getting a lot of attention nowadays because of its superior performance over the conventional and most commonly used nuclear transformation for obtaining transgenic lines. Absence of gene silencing, strong predictable transgene expression, and its application in molecular pharming, both in pharmaceutical and nutraceuticals, are some of many advantages. Other important benefits of utilizing this technology include the absence of transgene flow, as organelles are maternally inherited. This may increase the acceptability of organelle transformation technology in the development of transgenic crops in a wider scale all over the globe. As the need for crop productivity and therapeutic compounds increases, organelle transformation may be able to bridge the gap, thereby having a definite promise for the future.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Munck Petersen, Rikke
2005-01-01
Seminaroplæg fra forskere. Faglige seminarer på KA, forår 2005. Belyser transformation af det danske landskab fysisk som holdningsmæssigt, samt hvordan phd-arbejdets egen proces håndterer den.......Seminaroplæg fra forskere. Faglige seminarer på KA, forår 2005. Belyser transformation af det danske landskab fysisk som holdningsmæssigt, samt hvordan phd-arbejdets egen proces håndterer den....
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Andersen, Nicolai Bo
This paper is about sustainable transformation with a particular focus on listed buildings. It is based on the notion that sustainability is not just a question of energy conditions, but also about the building being robust. Robust architecture means that the building can be maintained and rebuilt...... theoretical lenses. It is proposed that three parameters concerning the ꞌtransformabilityꞌ of the building can contribute to a more nuanced understanding of sustainable transformation: technical aspects, programmatic requirements and narrative value. It is proposed that the concept of ꞌsustainable...
Donagi, Ron
2015-01-01
There is a beautiful correspondence between configurations of lines on a rational surface and tautological bundles over that surface. We extend this correspondence to families, by means of a generalized Fourier-Mukai transform that relates spectral data to bundles over a rational surface fibration.
Firth, Jean M
1992-01-01
The analysis of signals and systems using transform methods is a very important aspect of the examination of processes and problems in an increasingly wide range of applications. Whereas the initial impetus in the development of methods appropriate for handling discrete sets of data occurred mainly in an electrical engineering context (for example in the design of digital filters), the same techniques are in use in such disciplines as cardiology, optics, speech analysis and management, as well as in other branches of science and engineering. This text is aimed at a readership whose mathematical background includes some acquaintance with complex numbers, linear differen tial equations, matrix algebra, and series. Specifically, a familiarity with Fourier series (in trigonometric and exponential forms) is assumed, and an exposure to the concept of a continuous integral transform is desirable. Such a background can be expected, for example, on completion of the first year of a science or engineering degree cour...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Majgaard, Klaus
The purpose of this paper is to enhance the conceptual understanding of the mediatory relationship between paradoxes on an organizational and an individual level. It presents a concept of agency that comprises and mediates between a structural and individual pole. The constitution of this agency ...... is achieved through narrative activity that oscillates between the poles and transforms paradoxes through the configuration of plots and metaphors. Empirical cases are introduced in order to illustrate the implications of this understanding....
Smith, James L.; Helenberg, Harold W.; Kilsdonk, Dennis J.
1979-01-01
There is provided an improved RF transformer having a single-turn secondary of cylindrical shape and a coiled encapsulated primary contained within the secondary. The coil is tapered so that the narrowest separation between the primary and the secondary is at one end of the coil. The encapsulated primary is removable from the secondary so that a variety of different capacity primaries can be utilized with one secondary.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Neergaard, Helle; Robinson, Sarah; Jones, Sally
This paper develops the concept of ‘pedagogical nudging’ and examines four interventions in an entrepreneurship classroom and the potential it has for student identity transformation. Pedagogical nudging is positioned as a tool, which in the hands of a reflective, professional, with an understand......This paper develops the concept of ‘pedagogical nudging’ and examines four interventions in an entrepreneurship classroom and the potential it has for student identity transformation. Pedagogical nudging is positioned as a tool, which in the hands of a reflective, professional......, with an understanding and rationale for using it, provides students with the opportunity to explore their own entrepreneurial identity in unforeseen ways. It builds on insights from three different streams of literature: (i) Bordieu’s theory of practice is used to analyze student understandings of themselves and others......) assists students in straddling the divide between identities, the emotions and tensions this elicits, and (iv) transform student understanding. We extend nudging theory into a new territory. Pedagogical nudging techniques may be able to unlock doors and bring our students beyond the unacknowledged...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
邹红星; 戴琼海; 赵克; 陈桂明; 李衍达
2002-01-01
The subspaces of FMmlet transform are investigated.It is shown that some of the existing transforms like the Fourier transform,short-time Fourier transform,Gabor transform,wavelet transform,chirplet transform,the mean of signal,and the FM-1let transform,and the butterfly subspace are all special cases of FMmlet transform.Therefore the FMmlet transform is more flexible for delineating both the linear and nonlinear time-varying structures of a signal.
Relations of FMmlet Transform to Some Integral Transforms
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZOUHongxing; DAIQionghai; WANGDianjun; LIYanda
2004-01-01
In this paper, we explore the relationships between FMmlet transform and some of the existing integral transforms, namely, the chirplet transform, dispersion transform, wavelet transform, chirp-Fourier transform, Short-time fourier transform (STFT), Gabor transform, Fourier transform, cosine transform, sine transform,Hartley transform, Laplace transform, z-transform, Mellintransform, Hilbert transform, autocorrelation function,cross-correlation function, energy, and the mean value.It is shown that all of these transforms are subspaces of FMmlet transform with specific parameters.
Usher, P. D.
1997-12-01
William Shakespeare's Hamlet has much evidence to suggest that the Bard was aware of the cosmological models of his time, specifically the geocentric bounded Ptolemaic and Tychonic models, and the infinite Diggesian. Moreover, Shakespeare describes how the Ptolemaic model is to be transformed to the Diggesian. Hamlet's "transformation" is the reason that Claudius, who personifies the Ptolemaic model, summons Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, who personify the Tychonic. Pantometria, written by Leonard Digges and his son Thomas in 1571, contains the first technical use of the word "transformation." At age thirty, Thomas Digges went on to propose his Perfit Description, as alluded to in Act Five where Hamlet's age is given as thirty. In Act Five as well, the words "bore" and "arms" refer to Thomas' vocation as muster-master and his scientific interest in ballistics. England's leading astronomer was also the father of the poet whose encomium introduced the First Folio of 1623. His oldest child Dudley became a member of the Virginia Company and facilitated the writing of The Tempest. Taken as a whole, such manifold connections to Thomas Digges support Hotson's contention that Shakespeare knew the Digges family. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern in Hamlet bear Danish names because they personify the Danish model, while the king's name is latinized like that of Claudius Ptolemaeus. The reason Shakespeare anglicized "Amleth" to "Hamlet" was because he saw a parallel between Book Three of Saxo Grammaticus and the eventual triumph of the Diggesian model. But Shakespeare eschewed Book Four, creating this particular ending from an infinity of other possibilities because it "suited his purpose," viz. to celebrate the concept of a boundless universe of stars like the Sun.
McLyman, Colonel Wm. T.
1996-01-01
None given. From first Par: Many spacecraft (S/C) and surface rovers require the transfer of signals and power across rotating interfaces. Science instruments, antennas and solar arrays are elements needing rotary power transfer for certain (S/C) configurations. Delivery of signal and power has mainly been done by using the simplest means, the slip ring approach. This approach, although simple, leaves debris generating noise over a period of time...The rotary transformer is a good alternative to slip rings for signal and power transfer.
Wolfgang, F.; Nicol, J.
1962-11-01
Transformer apparatus is designed for measuring the amount of a paramagnetic substance dissolved or suspended in a diamagnetic liquid. The apparatus consists of a cluster of tubes, some of which are closed and have sealed within the diamagnetic substance without any of the paramagnetic material. The remaining tubes are open to flow of the mix- ture. Primary and secondary conductors are wrapped around the tubes in such a way as to cancel noise components and also to produce a differential signal on the secondaries based upon variations of the content of the paramagnetic material. (AEC)
Transformer Protection Using the Wavelet Transform
ÖZGÖNENEL, Okan; ÖNBİLGİN, Güven; KOCAMAN, Çağrı
2005-01-01
This paper introduces a novel approach for power transformer protection algorithm. Power system signals such as current and voltage have traditionally been analysed by the Fast Fourier Transform. This paper aims to prove that the Wavelet Transform is a reliable and computationally efficient tool for distinguishing between the inrush currents and fault currents. The simulated results presented clearly show that the proposed technique for power transformer protection facilitates the a...
Generalized Fourier transforms classes
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Berntsen, Svend; Møller, Steen
2002-01-01
The Fourier class of integral transforms with kernels $B(\\omega r)$ has by definition inverse transforms with kernel $B(-\\omega r)$. The space of such transforms is explicitly constructed. A slightly more general class of generalized Fourier transforms are introduced. From the general theory foll...... follows that integral transform with kernels which are products of a Bessel and a Hankel function or which is of a certain general hypergeometric type have inverse transforms of the same structure....
Heterospecific transformation among cyanobacteria.
Stevens, S E; Porter, R D
1986-01-01
Heterospecific transformation occurred between cyanobacteria currently classified in either the genus Synechococcus or Synechocystis. Cyanobacterial strains 73109 and 6906 were capable of physiological transformation.
Semigroups of Upsilon transformations
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Barndorff-Nielsen, Ole Eiler; Maejima, Makoto
2008-01-01
Upsilon transformations satisfying certain regularity conditions are shown to generate semigroups of such transformations. This is based on a general commutativity property of the Upsilon transformations, and uses log infinite divisibility. The existence of random integral representations of...... Upsilon transformations and of the generated semigroups is also discussed....
Negotiated Grammar Transformation
Zaytsev, V.
2012-01-01
In this paper, we study controlled adaptability of metamodel transformations. We consider one of the most rigid metamodel transformation formalisms — automated grammar transformation with operator suites, where a transformation script is built in such a way that it is essentially meant to be applica
Transforming the Way We Teach Function Transformations
Faulkenberry, Eileen Durand; Faulkenberry, Thomas J.
2010-01-01
In this article, the authors discuss "function," a well-defined rule that relates inputs to outputs. They have found that by using the input-output definition of "function," they can examine transformations of functions simply by looking at changes to input or output and the respective changes to the graph. Applying transformations to the input…
Zhou, Jianqin
2011-01-01
The discrete cosine transform (DCT), introduced by Ahmed, Natarajan and Rao, has been used in many applications of digital signal processing, data compression and information hiding. There are four types of the discrete cosine transform. In simulating the discrete cosine transform, we propose a generalized discrete cosine transform with three parameters, and prove its orthogonality for some new cases. A new type of discrete cosine transform is proposed and its orthogonality is proved. Finally, we propose a generalized discrete W transform with three parameters, and prove its orthogonality for some new cases.
Chemical Transformation Simulator
The Chemical Transformation Simulator (CTS) is a web-based, high-throughput screening tool that automates the calculation and collection of physicochemical properties for an organic chemical of interest and its predicted products resulting from transformations in environmental sy...
Mclyman, W. T.
1981-01-01
Transformer transmits power and digital data across rotating interface. Array has many parallel data channels, each with potential l megabaud data rate. Ferrite-cored transformers are spaced along rotor; airgap between them reduces crosstalk.
Optical source transformations.
Kundtz, N; Roberts, D A; Allen, J; Cummer, S; Smith, D R
2008-12-22
Transformation optics is a recently appreciated methodology for the design of complex media that control the propagation of electromagnetic and other types of waves. The transformation optical technique involves the use of coordinate transformations applied to some region of space, providing a conceptual means to redirect the flow of waves. Successfully designed devices to date have made use of transformations acting on passive space only; however, the technique can also be applied when source distributions (e.g., current and charge) are included within the space being transformed. In this paper we present examples of source transformations that illustrate the potential of these expanded transformation optical methods. In particular, using finite-element full-wave simulations, we confirm the restoration of dipole radiation patterns from both a distorted 'pin-wheel' antenna and a bent dipole partially occluded by a cylindrical scatterer. We propose the technique of source transformations as a powerful approach for antenna design, especially in relation to conformal antennas.
Shiftable multiscale transforms
Simoncelli, Eero P.; Freeman, William T.; Adelson, Edward H.; Heeger, David J.
1992-01-01
A type of translational invariance, referred to as shiftability, is defined for wavelet transforms. The property of shiftability is first discussed with respect to individual parameters: spatial position, orientation, and scale. The discussion then focuses on transformations that are simultaneously shiftable with respect to subsets of these parameters. It is shown that the critical sampling condition on the wavelet transforms must be relaxed to achieve shiftability. Two example transforms are implemented and applied to several signal and image processing problems.
Entropy of Baker's Transformation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
栾长福
2003-01-01
Four theorems about four different kinds of entropies for Baker's transformation are presented. The Kolmogorov entropy of Baker's transformation is sensitive to the initial flips by the time. The topological entropy of Baker's transformation is found to be log k. The conditions for the state of Baker's transformation to be forbidden are also derived. The relations among the Shanonn, Kolmogorov, topological and Boltzmann entropies are discussed in details.
On some hypergeometric transformations
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Karlsson, Per W.
1999-01-01
A method that may generate new transformations is mentioned. It is shown that the approach applies to some of the cubic transformations of 3F2, and, moreover, to a quartic and a sextic transformation of 2F1. Regions of validity are established. Many of the results are established by the aid of...
SELECTION OF POWER TRANSFORMERS
A. A. Gonchar
2016-01-01
The paper reveals that while loading transformers from idle running till nominal value it is preferable to apply transformers with less power losses in steel because total losses of active power in the indicated range are less than in transformers with larger losses in steel.
Generalized Riccati equations for self-dual Yang--Mills fields
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chau, L.; Yen, H.C.
1987-05-01
It is shown that although no Riccati equations in the strict sense are likely to exist for the self-dual Yang--Mills fields, certain ''generalized Riccati equations'' derivable from the Baecklund transformation do exist, and are capable of reproducing the linear system when a certain contraint is imposed.
Lax pairs and conservation laws for two differential-difference systems
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Li Chunxia E-mail: lichx@lsec.cc.ac.cn
2003-11-01
A coupled extended Lotka-Volterra lattice and a special Toda lattice are derived from the existing bilinear equations. Starting from the corresponding bilinear Baecklund transformation, Lax pairs for these two differential-difference systems are obtained. Furthermore, an infinite number of conservation laws for the differential-difference equations are deduced from the Lax pairs in a systematic way.
Wavelets associated with Hankel transform and their Weyl transforms
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
PENG; Lizhong; MA; Ruiqin
2004-01-01
The Hankel transform is an important transform. In this paper, westudy the wavelets associated with the Hankel transform, thendefine the Weyl transform of the wavelets. We give criteria of itsboundedness and compactness on the Lp-spaces.
GOOD GOVERNANCE AND TRANSFORMATION
Wagener, Hans-Jürgen
2005-01-01
Transformation of a totalitarian, basically administratively coordinated system into a democratic one that is coordinated predominantly by markets and competition has been triggered by, among others, the perception of a serious deficit in welfare and happiness. Public policy has a special task transforming the economic order by liberalisation, privatisation, stabilisation and the installation of institutions that are supportive for competition. After 15 years since transformation began, there...
Digital Transformation og Forandringskommunikation
Pedersen, Nina Helene Damgaard; Andersen, Emil Frost
2016-01-01
The need for digital transformation is greater than ever due to the speed at which new technologies are developed and applied in the population. This thesis examines the process of digital transformation in large companies. The study aims to theorize the topic of digital transformation as the existing material in this area mainly consists of consulting houses' own promotional materials. There are a myriad of models and methods to develop great ideas and products, but we have not been able to ...
Learning transformed product distributions
Daskalakis, Constantinos; Diakonikolas, Ilias; Servedio, Rocco A.
2011-01-01
We consider the problem of learning an unknown product distribution $X$ over $\\{0,1\\}^n$ using samples $f(X)$ where $f$ is a \\emph{known} transformation function. Each choice of a transformation function $f$ specifies a learning problem in this framework. Information-theoretic arguments show that for every transformation function $f$ the corresponding learning problem can be solved to accuracy $\\eps$, using $\\tilde{O}(n/\\eps^2)$ examples, by a generic algorithm whose running time may be expon...
Hirschman, Isidore Isaac
2005-01-01
In studies of general operators of the same nature, general convolution transforms are immediately encountered as the objects of inversion. The relation between differential operators and integral transforms is the basic theme of this work, which is geared toward upper-level undergraduates and graduate students. It may be read easily by anyone with a working knowledge of real and complex variable theory. Topics include the finite and non-finite kernels, variation diminishing transforms, asymptotic behavior of kernels, real inversion theory, representation theory, the Weierstrass transform, and
Catalytic coherence transformations
Bu, Kaifeng; Singh, Uttam; Wu, Junde
2016-04-01
Catalytic coherence transformations allow the otherwise impossible state transformations using only incoherent operations with the aid of an auxiliary system with finite coherence that is not being consumed in any way. Here we find the necessary and sufficient conditions for the deterministic and stochastic catalytic coherence transformations between a pair of pure quantum states. In particular, we show that the simultaneous decrease of a family of Rényi entropies of the diagonal parts of the states under consideration is a necessary and sufficient condition for the deterministic catalytic coherence transformations. Similarly, for stochastic catalytic coherence transformations we find the necessary and sufficient conditions for achieving a higher optimal probability of conversion. We thus completely characterize the coherence transformations among pure quantum states under incoherent operations. We give numerous examples to elaborate our results. We also explore the possibility of the same system acting as a catalyst for itself and find that indeed self-catalysis is possible. Further, for the cases where no catalytic coherence transformation is possible we provide entanglement-assisted coherence transformations and find the necessary and sufficient conditions for such transformations.
Magnetically Controlled Variable Transformer
Kleiner, Charles T.
1994-01-01
Improved variable-transformer circuit, output voltage and current of which controlled by use of relatively small current supplied at relatively low power to control windings on its magnetic cores. Transformer circuits of this type called "magnetic amplifiers" because ratio between controlled output power and power driving control current of such circuit large. This ratio - power gain - can be as large as 100 in present circuit. Variable-transformer circuit offers advantages of efficiency, safety, and controllability over some prior variable-transformer circuits.
Program Transformation in HATS
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Winter, V.L.
1999-02-24
HATS is a general purpose syntax derivation tree based transformation system in which transformation sequences are described in special purpose language. A powerful feature of this language is that unification is an explicit operation. By making unification explicit, an elegant framework arises in which to express complex application conditions which in turn enables refined control strategies to be realized. This paper gives an overview of HATS, focusing especially on the framework provided by the transformation language and its potential with respect to control and general purpose transformation.
Distributed photovoltaic grid transformers
Shertukde, Hemchandra Madhusudan
2014-01-01
The demand for alternative energy sources fuels the need for electric power and controls engineers to possess a practical understanding of transformers suitable for solar energy. Meeting that need, Distributed Photovoltaic Grid Transformers begins by explaining the basic theory behind transformers in the solar power arena, and then progresses to describe the development, manufacture, and sale of distributed photovoltaic (PV) grid transformers, which help boost the electric DC voltage (generally at 30 volts) harnessed by a PV panel to a higher level (generally at 115 volts or higher) once it is
Phase transformation and diffusion
Kale, G B; Dey, G K
2008-01-01
Given that the basic purpose of all research in materials science and technology is to tailor the properties of materials to suit specific applications, phase transformations are the natural key to the fine-tuning of the structural, mechanical and corrosion properties. A basic understanding of the kinetics and mechanisms of phase transformation is therefore of vital importance. Apart from a few cases involving crystallographic martensitic transformations, all phase transformations are mediated by diffusion. Thus, proper control and understanding of the process of diffusion during nucleation, g
National Aeronautics and Space Administration — During the period of this project three different possible DC transformer concepts were proposed, theoretically modeled, and then experimentally tested with the...
Twisted Legendre transformation
Zakrzewski, S.
1996-01-01
The general framework of Legendre transformation is extended to the case of symplectic groupoids, using an appropriate generalization of the notion of generating function (of a Lagrangian submanifold).
Deployment & Market Transformation (Brochure)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
2012-04-01
NREL's deployment and market transformation (D and MT) activities encompass the laboratory's full range of technologies, which span the energy efficiency and renewable energy spectrum. NREL staff educates partners on how they can advance sustainable energy applications and also provides clients with best practices for reducing barriers to innovation and market transformation.
Disc piezoelectric ceramic transformers.
Erhart, Jirií; Půlpán, Petr; Doleček, Roman; Psota, Pavel; Lédl, Vít
2013-08-01
In this contribution, we present our study on disc-shaped and homogeneously poled piezoelectric ceramic transformers working in planar-extensional vibration modes. Transformers are designed with electrodes divided into wedge, axisymmetrical ring-dot, moonie, smile, or yin-yang segments. Transformation ratio, efficiency, and input and output impedances were measured for low-power signals. Transformer efficiency and transformation ratio were measured as a function of frequency and impedance load in the secondary circuit. Optimum impedance for the maximum efficiency has been found. Maximum efficiency and no-load transformation ratio can reach almost 100% and 52 for the fundamental resonance of ring-dot transformers and 98% and 67 for the second resonance of 2-segment wedge transformers. Maximum efficiency was reached at optimum impedance, which is in the range from 500 Ω to 10 kΩ, depending on the electrode pattern and size. Fundamental vibration mode and its overtones were further studied using frequency-modulated digital holographic interferometry and by the finite element method. Complementary information has been obtained by the infrared camera visualization of surface temperature profiles at higher driving power.
Genetic Transformation of Bacteria.
Moss, Robert.
1991-01-01
An activity in which students transform an ampicillin-sensitive strain of E. coli with a plasmid containing a gene for ampicillin resistance is described. The procedure for the preparation of competent cells and the transformation of competent E. coli is provided. (KR)
Fieldwork in Transforming Societies
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Clark, Ed; Michailova, Snejina
The contributors to this text discuss the personal and professional challenges of conducting fieldwork in the difficult, sometimes threatening contexts of the transforming societies of post-socialist Europe and China.......The contributors to this text discuss the personal and professional challenges of conducting fieldwork in the difficult, sometimes threatening contexts of the transforming societies of post-socialist Europe and China....
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
D. Naylor
1986-01-01
Full Text Available This paper establishes properties of a convolution type integral transform whose kernel is a Macdonald type Bessel function of zero order. An inversion formula is developed and the transform is applied to obtain the solution of some related integral equations.
Khanna, S. M.; Urban, E. W. (Inventor)
1979-01-01
A direct current transformer in which the primary consists of an elongated strip of superconductive material, across the ends of which is direct current potential is described. Parallel and closely spaced to the primary is positioned a transformer secondary consisting of a thin strip of magnetoresistive material.
Transformation of technical infrastructure
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, Susanne Balslev
1998-01-01
article about the need of new planning forums in order to initiate transformations with in management of large technical systems for energy, waste and water supply.......article about the need of new planning forums in order to initiate transformations with in management of large technical systems for energy, waste and water supply....
Transformation of technical infrastructure
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, Susanne Balslev
The scope of the project is to investigate the possibillities of - and the barriers for a transformation of technical infrastructure conserning energy, water and waste. It focus on urban ecology as a transformation strategy. The theoretical background of the project is theories about infrastructure...... on sustainable sewage management....
Integral transformational coaching
Keizer, W.A.J.; Nandram, S.S.
2009-01-01
In Chap. 12, Keizer and Nandram present the concept of Integral Transformational Coaching based on the concept of Flow and its effects on work performance. Integral Transformational Coaching is a method that prevents and cures unhealthy stress and burnout. They draw on some tried and tested spiritua
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Szu, H.; Hsu, C. [Univ. of Southwestern Louisiana, Lafayette, LA (United States)
1996-12-31
Human sensors systems (HSS) may be approximately described as an adaptive or self-learning version of the Wavelet Transforms (WT) that are capable to learn from several input-output associative pairs of suitable transform mother wavelets. Such an Adaptive WT (AWT) is a redundant combination of mother wavelets to either represent or classify inputs.
Gauge transformations and quasitriangularity
Zakrzewski, S.
1996-01-01
Natural conditions on a Poisson/quantum group G to implement Poisson/quantum gauge transformations on the lattice are investigated. In addition to our previous result that transformations on one lattice link require G to be coboundary, it is shown that for a sequence of links one needs a quasitriangular G.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sørensen, Tim Flohr; Bille, Mikkel
2008-01-01
This paper explores the transformative power of fire, its fundamental ability to change material worlds and affect our experience of its materiality. The paper examines material transformations related to death as a means of illustrating the powerful property of fire as a materially destructive yet...
Transformation of Digital Ecosystems
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Henningsson, Stefan; Hedman, Jonas
2014-01-01
In digital ecosystems, the fusion relation between business and technology means that the decision of technical compatibility of the offering is also the decision of how to position the firm relative to the coopetive relations that characterize business ecosystems. In this article we develop...... the Digital Ecosystem Technology Transformation (DETT) framework for explaining technology-based transformation of digital ecosystems by integrating theories of business and technology ecosystems. The framework depicts ecosystem transformation as distributed and emergent from micro-, meso-, and macro- level...... coopetition. The DETT framework consists an alternative to the existing explanations of digital ecosystem transformation as the rational management of one central actor balancing ecosystem tensions. We illustrate the use of the framework by a case study of transformation in the digital payment ecosystem...
Fractional Radon Transform and Transform of Wigner Operator
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
FAN Hong-Yi; CHEN Jun-Hua
2003-01-01
Based on the Radon transform and fractional Fourier transform we introduce the fractional Radon trans-formation (FRT). We identify the transform kernel for FRT. The FRT of Wigner operator is derived, which naturallyreduces to the projector of eigenvector of the rotated quadrature in the usual Radon transform case.
A Selective CPS Transformation
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, Lasse Riechstein
2001-01-01
The CPS transformation makes all functions continuation-passing, uniformly. Not all functions, however, need continuations: they only do if their evaluation includes computational effects. In this paper we focus on control operations, in particular "call with current continuation" and "throw". We...... characterize this involvement as a control effect and we present a selective CPS transformation that makes functions and expressions continuation-passing if they have a control effect, and that leaves the rest of the program in direct style. We formalize this selective CPS transformation with an operational...
Shafii-Mousavi, Morteza
2012-01-01
REA's Essentials provide quick and easy access to critical information in a variety of different fields, ranging from the most basic to the most advanced. As its name implies, these concise, comprehensive study guides summarize the essentials of the field covered. Essentials are helpful when preparing for exams, doing homework and will remain a lasting reference source for students, teachers, and professionals. Laplace Transforms includes the Laplace transform, the inverse Laplace transform, special functions and properties, applications to ordinary linear differential equations, Fourier tr
Solid phase transformations II
Čermák, J
2009-01-01
This topical volume includes ten invited papers that cover selected areas of the field of solid phase transformations. The first two contributions represent a burgeoning branch; that of the computer simulation of physical phenomena. The following three articles deal with the thermodynamics of phase transformations as a basic theory for describing the phenomenology of phase changes in matter. The next paper describes the interconnections between structural stability and the electronic structure of phases. Two further articles are devoted to displacive transformations; a field where there are ma
Shultz, George
1991-01-01
Transformers and Motors is an in-depth technical reference which was originally written for the National Joint Apprenticeship Training Committee to train apprentice and journeymen electricians. This book provides detailed information for equipment installation and covers equipment maintenance and repair. The book also includes troubleshooting and replacement guidelines, and it contains a minimum of theory and math.In this easy-to-understand, practical sourcebook, you'll discover:* Explanations of the fundamental concepts of transformers and motors* Transformer connections and d
Transforming Homeland Security [video
McIntyre, David; Center for Homeland Defense and Security Naval Postgraduate School
2011-01-01
A pioneer in homeland security, and homeland security education, David McIntyre discusses the complexities in transforming homeland security from a national program in its inception, to also include state and local agencies and other public and private parties.
Optical nonsubsampled contourlet transform.
Han, Liang; Zhang, Wen-Li; Pu, Xiujuan; Cheng, Wanqi; Liu, Xia
2016-09-20
The nonsubsampled contourlet transform (NSCT) is a fully shift-invariant, multiscale, and multidirectional expansion implemented in optics using the Fourier transform of its filters. In this paper, we propose a novel optical NSCT filter design method and the corresponding post-processing method to avoid the use of holographic techniques. The novel optical NSCT filter has real and non-negative Fourier transforms. The input image is placed in the input plane of the VanderLugt 4f correlator, and these real and non-negative Fourier transform NSCT filters are placed in the frequency plane of the VanderLugt 4f correlator. Next, the NSCT result is captured by a CCD in the output plane of the VanderLugt 4f correlator, and its perfect reconstruction is theoretically possible, which is demonstrated by both simulation and optical experiment. PMID:27661604
The Extended Laplace Transform
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sabra Ramadan
2007-01-01
Full Text Available The space of new generalized functions has been constructed. The operation of associative multiplication has been defined on this space. The Extended Laplace Transform has been defined
Mclyman, W. T.
1977-01-01
In space, power system transformer components are frequently the heaviest and bulkiest items in the power conversion circuit. They also have a significant effect upon the overall performance and efficiency of the system. Accordingly, the design of such transformers has an important effect on overall system weight, power-inversion efficiency, and cost. Relationships were between the parameters used by transformer designers that can be used as new tools to standardize and simplify transformer design. They can be used to optimize the design either for small size and weight or efficiency. The metric system of units, rather than the familiar English units, is used; however, material is presented to assist the reader in the transition from one system to the other.
Fourier transform mass spectrometry.
Scigelova, Michaela; Hornshaw, Martin; Giannakopulos, Anastassios; Makarov, Alexander
2011-07-01
This article provides an introduction to Fourier transform-based mass spectrometry. The key performance characteristics of Fourier transform-based mass spectrometry, mass accuracy and resolution, are presented in the view of how they impact the interpretation of measurements in proteomic applications. The theory and principles of operation of two types of mass analyzer, Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance and Orbitrap, are described. Major benefits as well as limitations of Fourier transform-based mass spectrometry technology are discussed in the context of practical sample analysis, and illustrated with examples included as figures in this text and in the accompanying slide set. Comparisons highlighting the performance differences between the two mass analyzers are made where deemed useful in assisting the user with choosing the most appropriate technology for an application. Recent developments of these high-performing mass spectrometers are mentioned to provide a future outlook.
Pettofrezzo, Anthony J
1978-01-01
Elementary, concrete approach: fundamentals of matrix algebra, linear transformation of the plane, application of properties of eigenvalues and eigenvectors to study of conics. Includes proofs of most theorems. Answers to odd-numbered exercises.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Krag, Mo Michelsen Stochholm
2015-01-01
“Transformation of abandonment, a new critical practice” Abstract. While the major cities in Denmark are experiencing growth in population and economy, the surrounding rural areas face abandoned villages and increasing decay. This research focuses on the abandoned houses, seeking an alternative...... a new critical practice based on a series of full-scale transformations of abandoned buildings . These transformations, hereinafter referred to as actions, are the core of the research. The actions are implemented as physical interventions, each of which involves an abandoned building. The interventions...... are of such a radical manner it will not be possible to re-establish the former function of the building. The aim of the actions is to develop and test full-scale transformation prototypes in varying rural village environments. Interaction with local people and their response to the prototypes can be seen as real life...
Transformation and Rural Finance
Gertrud Schrieder; Franz Heidhues
1998-01-01
In the process of transformation from a centrally-planned to a market-orientated economy, the domestic financial sector plays two important roles. First, the financial sector itself has to be fundamentally restructured, and second, its efficient functioning is a crucial precondition for the necessary economic transformation. During the central-planning era, the financial sector typically carried out fiscal functions, namely it distributed subsidies and supported production plans. In a market-...
Transformer Internal Faults Simulation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
KOOCHAKI, A.
2008-06-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a novel method of modeling internal faults in a power transformer. The method leads to a model which is compatible with commercial phasor-based software packages. Consequently; it enables calculation of fault currents in any branch of the network due to a winding fault of a power transformer. These currents can be used for evaluation of protective relays' performance and can lead to better setting of protective functions.
Power transformers quality assurance
Dasgupta, Indrajit
2009-01-01
About the Book: With the view to attain higher reliability in power system operation, the quality assurance in the field of distribution and power transformers has claimed growing attention. Besides new developments in the material technology and manufacturing processes of transformers, regular diagnostic testing and maintenance of any engineering product may be ascertained by ensuring: right selection of materials and components and their quality checks. application of correct manufacturing processes any systems engineering. the user`s awareness towards preventive maintenance. The
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mohr, Sebastian; Koch, Lene
2016-01-01
The introduction of IVF in Denmark was accompanied by social transformations: contestations of medical authority, negotiations of who might access reproductive biomedicine and changes in individual and social identity due to reproductive technologies. Looking at the making of Danish IVF, this art......The introduction of IVF in Denmark was accompanied by social transformations: contestations of medical authority, negotiations of who might access reproductive biomedicine and changes in individual and social identity due to reproductive technologies. Looking at the making of Danish IVF...
Business process transformation
Grover, Varun
2015-01-01
Featuring contributions from prominent thinkers and researchers, this volume in the ""Advances in Management Information Systems"" series provides a rich set of conceptual, empirical, and introspective studies that epitomize fundamental knowledge in the area of Business Process Transformation. Processes are interpreted broadly to include operational and managerial processes within and between organizations, as well as those involved in knowledge generation. Transformation includes radical and incremental change, its conduct, management, and outcome. The editors and contributing authors pay clo
Fast parametrized biorthogonal transforms
Puchala, Dariusz; Yatsymirsyy, Mykhaylo
2011-01-01
W pracy zaproponowano schemat syntezy szybkich parametryzowanych przekształceń biortogonalnych oparty o diagramy przepływowe dla szybkich przekształceń ortonormalnych i dwupunktowe biortogonalne operatory motylkowe. In this paper the authors propose the technique ot synthesis of fast parametrised biorthogonal transforms that takes advantage of data-flow graphs for calculation of fast orthonormal transforms and two-point biorthogonal butterfly operators.
Series Transmission Line Transformer
Buckles, Robert A.; Booth, Rex; Yen, Boris T.
2004-06-29
A series transmission line transformer is set forth which includes two or more of impedance matched sets of at least two transmissions lines such as shielded cables, connected in parallel at one end ans series at the other in a cascading fashion. The cables are wound about a magnetic core. The series transmission line transformer (STLT) which can provide for higher impedance ratios and bandwidths, which is scalable, and which is of simpler design and construction.
Bar piezoelectric ceramic transformers.
Erhart, Jiří; Pulpan, Půlpán; Rusin, Luboš
2013-07-01
Bar-shaped piezoelectric ceramic transformers (PTs) working in the longitudinal vibration mode (k31 mode) were studied. Two types of the transformer were designed--one with the electrode divided into two segments of different length, and one with the electrodes divided into three symmetrical segments. Parameters of studied transformers such as efficiency, transformation ratio, and input and output impedances were measured. An analytical model was developed for PT parameter calculation for both two- and three-segment PTs. Neither type of bar PT exhibited very high efficiency (maximum 72% for three-segment PT design) at a relatively high transformation ratio (it is 4 for two-segment PT and 2 for three-segment PT at the fundamental resonance mode). The optimum resistive loads were 20 and 10 kΩ for two- and three-segment PT designs for the fundamental resonance, respectively, and about one order of magnitude smaller for the higher overtone (i.e., 2 kΩ and 500 Ω, respectively). The no-load transformation ratio was less than 27 (maximum for two-segment electrode PT design). The optimum input electrode aspect ratios (0.48 for three-segment PT and 0.63 for two-segment PT) were calculated numerically under no-load conditions.
Kinetics of phase transformations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This volume contains papers presented at the Materials Research Society symposium on Kinetics of Phase Transformations held in Boston, Massachusetts from November 26-29, 1990. The symposium provided a forum for research results in an exceptionally broad and interdisciplinary field. Presentations covered nearly every major class of transformations including solid-solid, liquid-solid, transport phenomena and kinetics modeling. Papers involving amorphous Si, a dominant topic at the symposium, are collected in the first section followed by sections on four major areas of transformation kinetics. The symposium opened with joint sessions on ion and electron beam induced transformations in conjunction with the Surface Chemistry and Beam-Solid Interactions: symposium. Subsequent sessions focused on the areas of ordering and nonlinear diffusion kinetics, solid state reactions and amorphization, kinetics and defects of amorphous silicon, and kinetics of melting and solidification. Seven internationally recognized invited speakers reviewed many of the important problems and recent results in these areas, including defects in amorphous Si, crystal to glass transformations, ordering kinetics, solid-state amorphization, computer modeling, and liquid/solid transformations
Agrobacterium-mediated transformation: rice transformation.
Slamet-Loedin, Inez H; Chadha-Mohanty, Prabhjit; Torrizo, Lina
2014-01-01
Agrobacterium is a common soil bacterium with natural capacity for trans-kingdom transfer of genetic information by transferring its T-DNA into the eukaryotic genome. In agricultural plant biotechnology, combination of non-phytopathogenic strain of Agrobacterium tumefaciens with modified T-DNA and vir-genes in a binary vector system is the most widely utilized system for genetic improvement in diverse plant species and for gene function validation. Here we have described a highly efficient A. tumefaciens-mediated transformation system for indica and japonica rice cultivars based on an immature embryo system.
The EMF Model Transformation Framework
Biermann, E.; Ehrig, K.; Ermel, C.; Krause, C. (born Köhler, C.); Taentzer, G.; Schuerr, A.; Nagl, M.; Zuendaorf, A.
2008-01-01
We present the EMF Model Transformation framework (EMT), which supports the rule-based modification of EMF models. Model transformation rules are defined graphically and compiled into Java code to be used in model transformation applications.
Transformers analysis, design, and measurement
Lopez-Fernandez, Xose M; Turowski, Janusz
2012-01-01
This book focuses on contemporary economic, design, diagnostics, and maintenance aspects of power, instrument, and high frequency transformers, which are critical to designers for a transformer stations. The text covers such topics as shell type and superconducting transformers as well as coreless PCB and planar transformers. It emphasizes challenges and strategies in transformer design and illustrates the importance of economics in transformers management by reviewing life cycle cost design and the use of decision methods to manage risk.
Zoufalý, Marek
2016-01-01
V této diplomové práci je popsána funkce a návrh transformátoru navrženého na feromagnetickém jádře, složeného z transformátorových plechů. Je vysvětlen přechodový děj a zapínací proud transformátoru. V práci jsou vložené průběhy napětí a proudu při zapínání a řešený plošný spoj, sloužící k snížení zapínacího proudu. In this thesis is described the function and design of the transformer designed on ferromagnetic core, composed of transformer sheets. It is explained a transient inrush curre...
Phase Transformations and Earthquakes
Green, H. W.
2011-12-01
Phase transformations have been cited as responsible for, or at least involved in, "deep" earthquakes for many decades (although the concept of "deep" has varied). In 1945, PW Bridgman laid out in detail the string of events/conditions that would have to be achieved for a solid/solid transformation to lead to a faulting instability, although he expressed pessimism that the full set of requirements would be simultaneously achieved in nature. Raleigh and Paterson (1965) demonstrated faulting during dehydration of serpentine under stress and suggested dehydration embrittlement as the cause of intermediate depth earthquakes. Griggs and Baker (1969) produced a thermal runaway model of a shear zone under constant stress, culminating in melting, and proposed such a runaway as the origin of deep earthquakes. The discovery of Plate Tectonics in the late 1960s established the conditions (subduction) under which Bridgman's requirements for earthquake runaway in a polymorphic transformation could be possible in nature and Green and Burnley (1989) found that instability during the transformation of metastable olivine to spinel. Recent seismic correlation of intermediate-depth-earthquake hypocenters with predicted conditions of dehydration of antigorite serpentine and discovery of metastable olivine in 4 subduction zones, suggests strongly that dehydration embrittlement and transformation-induced faulting are the underlying mechanisms of intermediate and deep earthquakes, respectively. The results of recent high-speed friction experiments and analysis of natural fault zones suggest that it is likely that similar processes occur commonly during many shallow earthquakes after initiation by frictional failure.
Algorithm to Generate Kekre's Wavelet Transform from Kekre's Transform
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
DR. H. B. KEKRE
2010-05-01
Full Text Available This paper proposes a novel Kekre’s Wavelet (KW transform which is generated from Kekre’s transform. Kekre’s Wavelet transform can be used for various applications in image processing. Steganography using Kekre’s Wavelet transform is implemented to show one of its applications in this area. The full cover image is transformed usingKekre’s Wavelet transform. Transformed image is then divided into 16 equal non-overlapping blocks. Energy of each block is computed. The system embeds secret data into lower energy blocks of the transformed image. From the experiments and the obtained results the proposed system achieves hiding capacity of 56.25% of the cover image size with 100% retrieval of secret data. The quality of stego image of the proposed system is very close to original one so that the difference is imperceptible to human eye. Moreover the results of Haar ransform, Modified Haar transform and Kekre’s Wavelet transform are compared. It is shown that performance of Kekre’s Wavelet transformis approachable to Haar transform. Since it is possible to generate Kekre’ Wavelet transform matrix of any size, the cover image size need not to be integer power of 2 as in case of Haar transform. Since Kekre’s Wavelet transform is a novel unexplored transform, even if an observer suspects that some covert communication is taking place, it is not possible to extract the secret information because attacker would not know the transform.
From Complex Fractional Fourier Transform to Complex Fractional Radon Transform
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
FANHong-Yi; JIANGNian-Quan
2004-01-01
We show that for n-dimensional complex fractional Fourier transform the corresponding complex fractional Radon transform can also be derived, however, it is different from the direct product of two n-dimensional real fractional Radon transforms. The complex fractional Radon transform of two-mode Wigner operator is calculated.
Algorithm to Generate Kekre's Wavelet Transform from Kekre's Transform
Dr. H. B. Kekre; ARCHANA ATHAWALE,; DIPALI SADAVARTI
2010-01-01
This paper proposes a novel Kekre’s Wavelet (KW) transform which is generated from Kekre’s transform. Kekre’s Wavelet transform can be used for various applications in image processing. Steganography using Kekre’s Wavelet transform is implemented to show one of its applications in this area. The full cover image is transformed usingKekre’s Wavelet transform. Transformed image is then divided into 16 equal non-overlapping blocks. Energy of each block is computed. The system embeds secret data ...
Study of wavelet transform type high-current transformer
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
卢文科; 朱长纯; 刘君华; 张建军
2002-01-01
The wavelet transformation is applied to the high-current transformer.The high-current transformer elaborated in the paper is mainly applied to the measurement of AC/DC high-current.The principle of the transformer is the Hall direct-measurement principle.The transformer has the following three characteristics:firstly, the effect of the remnant field of the iron core on the measurement is decreased;secondly,because the temperature compensation is adopted,the transformer has good temperature charactreristic;thirdly,be-cause the wavelet transfomation technology is adopted,the transformer has the capacity of good antijanming.
Transformation invariant sparse coding
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mørup, Morten; Schmidt, Mikkel Nørgaard
2011-01-01
Sparse coding is a well established principle for unsupervised learning. Traditionally, features are extracted in sparse coding in specific locations, however, often we would prefer invariant representation. This paper introduces a general transformation invariant sparse coding (TISC) model....... The model decomposes images into features invariant to location and general transformation by a set of specified operators as well as a sparse coding matrix indicating where and to what degree in the original image these features are present. The TISC model is in general overcomplete and we therefore invoke...... sparse coding to estimate its parameters. We demonstrate how the model can correctly identify components of non-trivial artificial as well as real image data. Thus, the model is capable of reducing feature redundancies in terms of pre-specified transformations improving the component identification....
Bullying - transformative potentiality?
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Charlotte Mathiassen
2013-10-01
Full Text Available In this article, I argue that a person’s experience of having been bullied as a child can holdtransformative potentiality. This means that childhood exposure to bullying can both producenegative effects and provide fuel for transformative intention and actions. By exploring twoseparate narratives, I demonstrate how these individuals’ different ways of handling past incidentsare entangled with both present and future, as well as how they are closely connected to both thespecific situations and contexts in which the person lives and his/her movements across suchsituations and contexts. The concept of dynamic effectuality is introduced to describe thisphenomenon. Furthermore, I claim that, by analysing the dynamic effectuality of individuals’ pastexperiences with bullying and their present adult lives, certain processes can be found – includingrevenge, transformative intention and collective transformative actions.
Integrated magnetic transformer assembly
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
2014-01-01
The present invention relates to an integrated magnetics transformer assembly comprising a first magnetically permeable core forming a first substantially closed magnetic flux path and a second magnetically permeable core forming a second substantially closed magnetic flux path. A first input...... inductor winding is wound around a first predetermined segment of the first magnetically permeable core and a second input inductor winding is wound around a first predetermined segment of the second magnetically permeable core. The integrated magnetics transformer assembly further comprises a first output......-winding of the first output inductor winding and the first half-winding of the second output inductor winding are configured to produce aligned, i.e. in the same direction, magnetic fluxes through the first substantially closed magnetic flux path. The integrated magnetics transformer assembly is well- suited for use...
Successful Transformational Radiology Leaders.
Douget, Karen
2015-01-01
Transformational radiology leaders elevate subordinates, expand self-awareness, develop lasting relationships, strive to exceed expectations, and uphold the vision and goals of the organization. In order for radiology leaders to become more transformational in their leadership style there are four fundamental elements they must learn: idealized influence, individualized consideration, inspirational motivation, and intellectual stimulation. Leaders can utilize personality and self-assessments to learn more about themselves, identify areas of strengths and weaknesses, and learn to be more effective when leading employees. PMID:26710553
Similarity transformations of MAPs
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Andersen Allan T.
1999-01-01
Full Text Available We introduce the notion of similar Markovian Arrival Processes (MAPs and show that the event stationary point processes related to two similar MAPs are stochastically equivalent. This holds true for the time stationary point processes too. We show that several well known stochastical equivalences as e.g. that between the H 2 renewal process and the Interrupted Poisson Process (IPP can be expressed by the similarity transformations of MAPs. In the appendix the valid region of similarity transformations for two-state MAPs is characterized.
The quantum Arnold transformation
Aldaya, V.; Cossío, F.; Guerrero, J.; López-Ruiz, F. F.
2011-02-01
Using a quantum version of the Arnold transformation of classical mechanics, all quantum dynamical systems whose classical equations of motion are non-homogeneous linear second-order ordinary differential equations, including systems with friction linear in velocity, can be related to the quantum free-particle dynamical system. This transformation provides a basic (Heisenberg-Weyl) algebra of quantum operators, along with well-defined Hermitian operators which can be chosen as evolution-like observables and complete the entire Schrödinger algebra. It also proves to be very helpful in performing certain computations quickly, to obtain, for example, wavefunctions and closed analytic expressions for time-evolution operators.
Checking Model Transformation Refinement
Büttner, Fabian; Egea, Marina; Guerra, Esther; Lara, Juan De
2013-01-01
The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-38883-5_15 Proceedings of 6th International Conference, ICMT 2013, Budapest, Hungary, June 18-19, 2013 Refinement is a central notion in computer science, meaning that some artefact S can be safely replaced by a refinement R, which preserves S’s properties. Having available techniques and tools to check transformation refinement would enable (a) the reasoning on whether a transformation correctly impl...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Prats, Miquel; Lim, Sungwoo; Jowers, Iestyn;
2009-01-01
This paper is concerned with how design shapes are generated and explored by means of sketching. It presents research into the way designers transform shapes from one state to another using sketch representations. An experimental investigation of the sketching processes of designers is presented....... Connections between sketches are defined in terms of shape transformations and described according to shape rules. These rules provide a formal description of the shape exploration process and develop understanding of the mechanics of sketching in design. The paper concludes by discussing the important...
Genetic Transformation of Switchgrass
Xi, Yajun; Ge, Yaxin; Wang, Zeng-Yu
Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a highly productive warm-season C4 species that is being developed into a dedicated biofuel crop. This chapter describes a protocol that allows the generation of transgenic switchgrass plants by Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation. Embryogenic calluses induced from caryopses or inflorescences were used as explants for inoculation with A. tumefaciens strain EHA105. Hygromycin phosphotransferase gene (hph) was used as the selectable marker and hygromycin was used as the selection agent. Calluses resistant to hygromycin were obtained after 5-6 weeks of selection. Soil-grown switchgrass plants were regenerated about 6 months after callus induction and Agrobacterium-mediated transformation.
Specificity of Czech Economic Transformation
Haberle, Ondřej
2010-01-01
The aim of this thesis is to describe the economic transformation in Czech Republic in 1990-1997 with accent on difference between transformation process in Czech Republic and other transition countries. Theoretical part is based on the description of the model of centrally planned economy and transformation theory. Practical part discuss macroeconomy a microeconomy measures of economic transformation.
Fourier transforms principles and applications
Hansen, Eric W
2014-01-01
Fourier Transforms: Principles and Applications explains transform methods and their applications to electrical systems from circuits, antennas, and signal processors-ably guiding readers from vector space concepts through the Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT), Fourier series, and Fourier transform to other related transform methods. Featuring chapter end summaries of key results, over two hundred examples and four hundred homework problems, and a Solutions Manual this book is perfect for graduate students in signal processing and communications as well as practicing engineers.
Transforming Education with Technology
Scherer, Marge
2011-01-01
In this EL interview, Karen Cator, the director of the Office of Educational Technology at the U.S. Department of Education, talks about ways to realize the potential of technology to transform education. She discusses what students need: their own digital devices for classroom use, the ability to use the information they access, the skills to…
Transforming Primary Mathematics
Askew, Mike
2011-01-01
What is good mathematics teaching? What is mathematics teaching good for? Who is mathematics teaching for? These are just some of the questions addressed in "Transforming Primary Mathematics", a highly timely new resource for teachers which accessibly sets out the key theories and latest research in primary maths today. Under-pinned by findings…
Stewart, G A; The ATLAS collaboration; Maddocks, H J; Harenberg, T; Sandhoff, M; Sarrazin, B
2013-01-01
The need to run complex workflows for a high energy physics experiment such as ATLAS has always been present. However, as computing resources have become even more constrained, compared to the wealth of data generated by the LHC, the need to use resources efficiently and manage complex workflows within a single grid job have increased. In ATLAS, a new Job Transform framework has been developed that we describe in this paper. This framework manages the multiple execution steps needed to `transform' one data type into another (e.g., RAW data to ESD to AOD to final ntuple) and also provides a consistent interface for the ATLAS production system. The new framework uses a data driven workflow definition which is both easy to manage and powerful. After a transform is defined, jobs are expressed simply by specifying the input data and the desired output data. The transform infrastructure then executes only the necessary substeps to produce the final data products. The global execution cost of running the job is mini...
Stewart, G A; The ATLAS collaboration; Maddocks, H J; Harenberg, T; Sandhoff, M; Sarrazin, B
2013-01-01
The need to run complex workflows for a high energy physics experiment such as ATLAS has always been present. However, as computing resources have become even more constrained, compared to the wealth of data generated by the LHC, the need to use resources efficiently and manage complex workflows within a single grid job have increased. In ATLAS, a new Job Transform framework has been developed that we describe in this paper. This framework manages the multiple execution steps needed to 'transform' one data type into another (e.g., RAW data to ESD to AOD to final ntuple) and also provides a consistent interface for the ATLAS production system. The new framework uses a data driven workflow definition which is both easy to manage and powerful. After a transform is defined, jobs are expressed simply by specifying the input data and the desired output data. The transform infrastructure then executes only the necessary substeps to produce the final data products. The global execution cost of running the job is mini...
P.P. Wakker
1991-01-01
Let u be a continuous function from Re to Re. Let f be a transformation (which in our terminology does not have to be bijective) from the range of u to Re. v = f(u(.)) is the composition of f and u. It is well-known that continuity of f implies continuity of v. We consider the reversed question: Doe
Stoms, R. M.
1984-01-01
Numerically-controlled 5-axis machine tool uses transformer and meter to determine and indicate whether tool is in home position, but lacks built-in test mode to check them. Tester makes possible test, and repair of components at machine rather then replace them when operation seems suspect.
Transforming American Education
Horn, Michael B.; Mackey, Katherine
2011-01-01
In this article the authors accept as a given the National Education Technology Plan's vision of a transformed education system powered by technology such that learners receive personalized and engaging learning experiences, and where assessment, teaching, infrastructure, and productivity are redefined. The article analyzes this vision of a…
Transformation of Neolithic Societies
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Iversen, Rune
has mainly centred on single cultural groups, which has hindered an overall understanding of the development within the millennium. Unlike earlier research, this dissertation goes beyond the study of single cultural groups and analyses the entire 3rd millennium BC as one long transformation process...
Parallel Fast Legendre Transform
Alves de Inda, M.; Bisseling, R.H.; Maslen, D.K.
2001-01-01
We discuss a parallel implementation of a fast algorithm for the discrete polynomial Legendre transform We give an introduction to the DriscollHealy algorithm using polynomial arithmetic and present experimental results on the eciency and accuracy of our implementation The algorithms were implemente
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Navarro, Dora
2009-01-01
Among processes towards democratisation, it has been asserted that alternative radio has a central role in the citizen making of the poor. However, it is important to analyse in detail what possibilities an alternative or citizens' radio has to strengthen ideas of citizenship and transform...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
J. Conlan
1978-01-01
Full Text Available Recently [8], an operational calculus for the operator Bμ=t−μDt1+μD with −1<μ<∞ was developed via the algebraic approach [4], [13], [15]. This paper gives the integral transform version. In particular, a differentiation theorem and a convolution theorem are proved.
Recurrent Spatial Transformer Networks
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sønderby, Søren Kaae; Sønderby, Casper Kaae; Maaløe, Lars;
2015-01-01
We integrate the recently proposed spatial transformer network (SPN) [Jaderberg et. al 2015] into a recurrent neural network (RNN) to form an RNN-SPN model. We use the RNN-SPN to classify digits in cluttered MNIST sequences. The proposed model achieves a single digit error of 1.5% compared to 2...
Transformer Impedance Reflection Demonstration
Layton, William
2014-01-01
Questions often arise as to how a device attached to a transformer can draw power from the electrical power grid since it seems that the primary and secondary are not connected to one another. However, a closer look at how the primary and secondary are linked together magnetically and a consideration of the role of Lenz's law in this linkage…
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bjørn, Pernille
2005-01-01
Investigating virtual team collaboration in industry using grounded theory this paper presents the in-dept analysis of empirical work conducted in a global organization of 100.000 employees where a global virtual team with participants from Sweden, United Kingdom, Canada, and North America were...... studied. The research question investigated is how collaboration is negotiated within virtual teams? This paper presents findings concerning how collaboration is negotiated within a virtual team and elaborate the difficulties due to invisible articulation work and managing multiple communities...... in transforming the virtual team into a community. It is argued that translucence in communication structures within the virtual team and between team and management is essential for engaging in a positive transformation process of trustworthiness supporting the team becoming a community, managing the immanent...
Generic Quantum Fourier Transforms
Moore, Cristopher; Russell, A; Moore, Cristopher; Rockmore, Daniel; Russell, Alexander
2003-01-01
The quantum Fourier transform (QFT) is the principal algorithmic tool underlying most efficient quantum algorithms. We present a generic framework for the construction of efficient quantum circuits for the QFT by ``quantizing'' the separation of variables technique that has been so successful in the study of classical Fourier transform computations. Specifically, this framework applies the existence of computable Bratteli diagrams, adapted factorizations, and Gel'fand-Tsetlin bases to offer efficient quantum circuits for the QFT over a wide variety a finite Abelian and non-Abelian groups, including all group families for which efficient QFTs are currently known and many new group families. Moreover, the method gives rise to the first subexponential-size quantum circuits for the QFT over the linear groups GL_k(q), SL_k(q), and the finite groups of Lie type, for any fixed prime power q.
High voltage isolation transformer
Clatterbuck, C. H.; Ruitberg, A. P. (Inventor)
1985-01-01
A high voltage isolation transformer is provided with primary and secondary coils separated by discrete electrostatic shields from the surfaces of insulating spools on which the coils are wound. The electrostatic shields are formed by coatings of a compound with a low electrical conductivity which completely encase the coils and adhere to the surfaces of the insulating spools adjacent to the coils. Coatings of the compound also line axial bores of the spools, thereby forming electrostatic shields separating the spools from legs of a ferromagnetic core extending through the bores. The transformer is able to isolate a high constant potential applied to one of its coils, without the occurrence of sparking or corona, by coupling the coatings, lining the axial bores to the ferromagnetic core and by coupling one terminal of each coil to the respective coating encasing the coil.
Youngquist, Robert C.; Ihlefeld, Curtis M.; Starr, Stanley O.
2013-01-01
A component level dc transformer is described in which no alternating currents or voltages are present. It operates by combining features of a homopolar motor and a homopolar generator, both de devices, such that the output voltage of a de power supply can be stepped up (or down) with a corresponding step down (or up) in current. The basic theory for this device is developed, performance predictions are made, and the results from a small prototype are presented. Based on demonstrated technology in the literature, this de transformer should be scalable to low megawatt levels, but it is more suited to high current than high voltage applications. Significant development would be required before it could achieve the kilovolt levels needed for de power transmission.
Dynamically tunable transformation thermodynamics
García-Meca, Carlos; Barceló, Carlos
2016-04-01
Recently, the introduction of transformation thermodynamics has provided a way to design thermal media that alter the flow of heat according to any spatial deformation, enabling the construction of novel devices such as thermal cloaks or concentrators. However, in its current version, this technique only allows static deformations of space. Here, we develop a space–time theory of transformation thermodynamics that incorporates the possibility of performing time-varying deformations. This extra freedom greatly widens the range of achievable effects, providing an additional degree of control for heat management applications. As an example, we design a reconfigurable thermal cloak that can be opened and closed dynamically, therefore being able to gradually adjust the temperature distribution of a given region.
Fourier transformation for pedestrians
Butz, Tilman
2015-01-01
This book is an introduction to Fourier Transformation with a focus on signal analysis, based on the first edition. It is well suited for undergraduate students in physics, mathematics, electronic engineering as well as for scientists in research and development. It gives illustrations and recommendations when using existing Fourier programs and thus helps to avoid frustrations. Moreover, it is entertaining and you will learn a lot unconsciously. Fourier series as well as continuous and discrete Fourier transformation are discussed with particular emphasis on window functions. Filter effects of digital data processing are illustrated. Two new chapters are devoted to modern applications. The first deals with data streams and fractional delays and the second with the back-projection of filtered projections in tomography. There are many figures and mostly easy to solve exercises with solutions.
Complexity and Army Transformation
Calhoun, Mark T.
On 12 Octther 1999, the U.S. Army began a journey down a new path to innovation, when General Eric Shinseki presented his vision of Army Transformation at the 45th annual meeting of the Association of the United States Army. In this speech, General Shinseki described the Army as an organization consisting of heavy forces with excellent staying power but poor strategic responsiveness, light forces with excellent responsiveness but poor staying power, and a logistics system with an excessively large footprint. His proposed solution, a comprehensive change of the Army resulting in full-spectrum dominance and strategic responsiveness, would occur so quickly as to "be unnerving to some." [Shinseki. 1999] While this prediction has turned out in some ways to be true, it is not necessarily the speed of change that is unnerving to many of the people studying Army Transformation.
Understanding China's Transformations
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Li, Xing
The objective of this paper is to offer a framework of understanding the dialectical nexus between China's internal evolutions and the external influences with a focus on the century-long "challenge-response" dynamism. That is to explore how external factors helped shaping China's internal...... transformations, i.e. how generations of Chinese have been struggling in responding to the external challenges and attempting to sinicize external political ideas in order to change China from within. Likewise, it is equally important to understand how China's inner transformation contributed to reshaping the...... world. Each time, be it China's dominance or decline, the capitalist world system has to adjust and readjust itself to the opportunities and constraints brought about by the "China factors"....
Dynamically tunable transformation thermodynamics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Recently, the introduction of transformation thermodynamics has provided a way to design thermal media that alter the flow of heat according to any spatial deformation, enabling the construction of novel devices such as thermal cloaks or concentrators. However, in its current version, this technique only allows static deformations of space. Here, we develop a space–time theory of transformation thermodynamics that incorporates the possibility of performing time-varying deformations. This extra freedom greatly widens the range of achievable effects, providing an additional degree of control for heat management applications. As an example, we design a reconfigurable thermal cloak that can be opened and closed dynamically, therefore being able to gradually adjust the temperature distribution of a given region. (paper)
Style transformation in natural languages
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Yue HU; Xiaoyu GAO; Li LI; Qingshi GAO
2008-01-01
To express semantic knowledge of natural lan-guages accurately and unify the processing of languages, the style transformation of natural languages is discussed in an all-round way. The discussion covers purpose, voice, modal, tense, narrow sense of style, number and case. All style transformations may be described accurately by a four-element Descriptive Language of Style Trans-formation (STDL). The transformation between repres-entation of semantic units without style and with style can be converted through style transformation function. Each style transformation function is a difference function in multiple natural languages. Such difference functions can be used to simplify language processing procedure and improve processing quality.
Bullying - transformative potentiality?
Charlotte Mathiassen
2013-01-01
In this article, I argue that a person’s experience of having been bullied as a child can holdtransformative potentiality. This means that childhood exposure to bullying can both producenegative effects and provide fuel for transformative intention and actions. By exploring twoseparate narratives, I demonstrate how these individuals’ different ways of handling past incidentsare entangled with both present and future, as well as how they are closely connected to both thespecific situations and...
Commutation and Darboux transformation
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
M V Prabhakar; H Bhate
2015-11-01
In this paper we show that the Darboux transformation for a large class of nonlinear evolution equations arises due to factorization and commutation. The factorization and commutation has been pointed out earlier for Schrödinger operator. We show that it extends to a large class of nonlinear differential equations which admit Lax pairs including Boussinesq, Davey–Stewartson, Bogoyavlensky–Schiff and -wave interaction equation.
Transforming revenue management.
Silveria, Richard; Alliegro, Debra; Nudd, Steven
2008-11-01
Healthcare organizations that want to undertake a patient administrative/revenue management transformation should: Define the vision with underlying business objectives and key performance measures. Strategically partner with key vendors for business process development and technology design. Create a program organization and governance infrastructure. Develop a corporate design model that defines the standards for operationalizing the vision. Execute the vision through technology deployment and corporate design model implementation.
Bacterial transformation of terpenoids
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Data on the bacterial transformation of terpenoids published in the literature in the past decade are analyzed. Possible pathways for chemo-, regio- and stereoselective modifications of terpenoids are discussed. Considerable attention is given to new technological approaches to the synthesis of terpenoid derivatives suitable for the use in the perfume and food industry and promising as drugs and chiral intermediates for fine organic synthesis. The bibliography includes 246 references
Laminated piezoelectric transformer
Vazquez Carazo, Alfredo (Inventor)
2006-01-01
A laminated piezoelectric transformer is provided using the longitudinal vibration modes for step-up voltage conversion applications. The input portions are polarized to deform in a longitudinal plane and are bonded to an output portion. The deformation of the input portions is mechanically coupled to the output portion, which deforms in the same longitudinal direction relative to the input portion. The output portion is polarized in the thickness direction relative its electrodes, and piezoelectrically generates a stepped-up output voltage.
Salinas Lanao, G.
2007-01-01
Participation in development claims to have a transformative potential. Does it really live up to such claim? To answer such question we must look at how change occurs in spaces where citizen participation is encouraged. This paper studies the case of participatory budgeting at local level in Ayacucho, Peru. Through this case the author assesses whether and how political capabilities of citizens are enhanced, as well as the change in dynamics of power relations that occur in regularized and i...
Transformational and Transactional Presidents
Nye, Joseph S.
2014-01-01
During the 20th century, the United States went from being a second rate power to becoming the worldâ€™s sole superpower. Did leaders matter? In the cases I examined in Presidential Leadership and the Creation of the American Era, most presidents mattered, but not necessarily those that one might expect. Leadership experts distinguish transformational leaders with broad visions and an inspirational style (such as Woodrow Wilson or Ronald Reagan) from transactional leaders who have modest visi...
Transformational Leadership, Innovation & Creativity
Bista, Sashida; Bhattarai, Sandhya; Reza, Sakib; Ogot, Norine
2016-01-01
The aim of this research was basically to find the influence of transformational leadership in employees creativity and organizational innovation. In most of the business houses manager perceive that their leadership styles are best suited for the organization but their styles might have a different perspective from their subordinates point of view. So it is interesting to know and understand how management and the subordinates perceive the styles for generation of creativity and organization...
Transformational Leadershipin Software Projects
MOUSAVIKHAH, MARYAM
2013-01-01
Lack of management in software projects is among the most important reasons for the failure of this kind of projects. Considering this fact, in addition to high rate of IS (Information System) projects’ failure, and the lack of leadership studies in IS field, it is necessary to pay more attention to the concept of leadership in software projects. Transformational leadership as one of the most popular leadership theories, although might bring specific advantages for this kind of projects, has ...
GOOD GOVERNANCE AND TRANSFORMATION
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hans-Jürgen WAGENER
2005-12-01
Full Text Available Transformation of a totalitarian, basically administratively coordinated system into a democratic one that is coordinated predominantly by markets and competition has been triggered by, among others, the perception of a serious deficit in welfare and happiness. Public policy has a special task transforming the economic order by liberalisation, privatisation, stabilisation and the installation of institutions that are supportive for competition. After 15 years since transformation began, there are sufficiently differentiated success stories to test the hypothesis: it was good governance that is responsible for success and bad governance for failure. The empirical results support the “Lorenzetti hypothesis”: where freedom, security and trust prevail, the economy flourishes, where they are lacking, the costs of long-term investment are too high. The initial conditions of transition countries seem to be quite similar, nevertheless, even there one can discern good and bad governance. The extent of socialist lawfulness, planning security, cronyism and corruption differed widely between East Berlin and Tashkent. And a good deal of such variations can be found in the pre-socialist history of these countries. However, the main conclusion is that the co-evolution hypothesis states that both, welfare and good governance, go together.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Fawcett, Tina; Boardman, Brenda (Environmental Change Inst., Univ. of Oxford, Oxford (United Kingdom))
2009-07-01
Reducing energy use in the existing building stock requires a substantial and rapid transformation of the whole sector. Using a market transformation approach provides a useful framework and poses some new problems in comparison with appliances: houses don't break down in the same way as fridges, but can be improved piecemeal. The Energy Performance in Buildings Directive provides the foundation (and the x axis) for policies to achieve substantial reductions in residential energy use and carbon emissions by 2050. The technology is known, but has to be chosen by the householder it cannot be incorporated in the factory by a manufacturer. Education and awareness are, therefore, more important, both for the householder and for the installers. What is the role, if any, of mandatory minimum standards? The types and mix of policies require a clear understanding of the challenges provided by low-income groups, capital shortages, the length of residence in the house, the landlord-tenant split and user knowledge. This paper reviews the challenges and examines the extent to which the well-known market transformation theories work for the housing sector. Most of the examples are from the UK, but have been developed into generic principles.
Multipath Transformational Development of User Interfaces with Graph Transformations
Limbourg, Quentin; Vanderdonckt, Jean
In software engineering, transformational development is aimed at developing computer systems by transforming a coarse-grained specification of a system to its final code through a series of transformation steps. Transformational development is known to bring benefits such as: correctness by construction, explicit mappings between development steps, and reversibility of transformations. No comparable piece exists in the literature that provides a formal system applying transformational development in the area of user interface engineering. This chapter defines such a system. For this purpose, a mathematical system for expressing specifications and transformation rules is introduced. This system is based on graph transformations. The problem of managing the transformation rules is detailed, e.g., how to enable a developer to access, define, extend, restrict or relax, test, verify, and apply appropriate transformations. A tool supporting this development paradigm is also described and exemplified. Transformational development, applied to the development of user interfaces of interactive systems, allows reusability of design knowledge used to develop user interfaces and fosters incremental development of user interfaces by applying alternative transformations.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LIDe-Sheng; LUOCheng-Xin; ZHANGHong-Qing
2004-01-01
Starting from Baecklund transformation and using Cole-Hopf transformation, we reduce the integrable Broer-Kaup equations in (2+1)-dimensional spaces to a simple linear evolution equation with two arbitrary functions of {x, t} and {y, t} in this paper. And we can obtain some new solutions of the original equations by investigating the simple nonlinear evolution equation, which include the solutions obtained by the variable separation approach.
On the Replica Fourier Transform
Carlucci, D. M.; De Dominicis, C.
1997-01-01
The Replica Fourier Transform introduced previously is related to the standard definition of Fourier transforms over a group. Its use is illustrated by block-diagonalizing the eigenvalue equation of a four-replica Parisi matrix.
Transformational Leadership, Integrity, and Power
Harrison, Laura M.
2011-01-01
Transformational leadership enjoys widespread appeal among student affairs professionals. National Association of Student Personnel Administrators (NASPA) and American College Personnel Association (ACPA) conferences frequently feature speakers who promote transformational leadership's two primary tenets: (1) change is the central purpose of…
Spotlight on modern transformer design
Georgilakis, Pavlos S
2009-01-01
Increasing competition in the global transformer market has put tremendous responsibilities on the industry to increase reliability while reducing cost. This book introduces an approach to transformer design using artificial intelligence (AI) techniques in combination with finite element method (FEM).
Slice Fourier transform and convolutions
Cnudde, Lander; De Bie, Hendrik
2015-01-01
Recently the construction of various integral transforms for slice monogenic functions has gained a lot of attention. In line with these developments, the article at hand introduces the slice Fourier transform. In the first part, the kernel function of this integral transform is constructed using the Mehler formula. An explicit expression for the integral transform is obtained and allows for the study of its properties. In the second part, two kinds of corresponding convolutions are examined:...
Instrument Transformer Dimensioning for Substations
Mustajärvi, Ronny
2016-01-01
This thesis was made for ABB Oy, Power Grids unit. Some customers demand instrument transformer calculations, which state that the current transformers can accurately reproduce the occurring fault currents without saturation. The aim of the thesis was to get familiar with relevant instrument transformer theory and to create a calculation template. With the data of the current transformer, secondary cables and the used protection function it is possible to calculate that the current transf...
Đurđević Ksenija R.; Vojinović-Miloradov Mirjana; Sokolović Slobodan M.
2008-01-01
The consumption of electric power is constantly increasing due to industrialization and population growth. This results in much more severe operating conditions of transformers, the most important electrical devices that make integral parts of power transmission and distribution systems. The designed operating life of the majority of worldwide transformers has already expired, which puts the increase of transformer reliability and operating life extension in the spotlight. Transformer oil pla...
Remarks on restricted Nevanlinna transforms
Jankowski, Lech
2010-01-01
The Nevanlinna transform K(z), of a measure and a real constant, plays an important role in the complex analysis and more recently in the free probability theory (boolean convolution). It is shown that its restriction k(it) (the restricted Nevanlinna transform) to the imaginary axis can be expressed as the Laplace transform of the Fourier transform (characteristic function) of the corresponding measure. Finally, a relation between the Voiculescu and the boolean convolution is indicated.
Wavelet transform for Fresnel-transformed mother wavelets
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Liu Shu-Guang; Chen Jun-Hua; Fan Hong-Yi
2011-01-01
In this paper,we propose the so-called continuous Fresnel-wavelet combinatorial transform which means that the mother wavelet undergoes the Fresnel transformation.This motivation can let the mother-wavelet-state itself vary from |ψ〉 to Fr,s(+)｜ψ),except for variation within the family of dilations and translations.The Parseval's equality,admissibility condition and inverse transform of this continuous Fresnel-wavelet combinatorial transform are analysed.By taking certain parameters and using the admissibility condition of this continuous Fresnel-wavelet combinatorial transform,we obtain some mother wavelets.A comparison between the newly found mother wavelets is presented.
Fractional Laplace Transforms - A Perspective
Treumann, R A
2014-01-01
A form of the Laplace transform is reviewed as a paradigm for an entire class of fractional functional transforms. Various of its properties are discussed. Such transformations should be useful in application to differential/integral equations or problems in non-extensive statistical mechanics.
Inverse problem in transformation optics
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Novitsky, Andrey
2011-01-01
The straightforward method of transformation optics implies that one starts from the coordinate transformation and determines the Jacobian matrix, the fields and material parameters of the cloak. However, the coordinate transformation appears as an optional function: it is not necessary to know it...
Quality as Transformation: Educational Metamorphosis
Cheng, Ming
2014-01-01
The notion of "quality as transformation" has been widely used in the higher education sector. However, both quality and transformation are elusive terms. There is little research exploring how quality could be equated to transformation in the learning process. This paper will provide an insight into the relationship between quality and…
Enhancing Understanding of Transformation Matrices
Dick, Jonathan; Childrey, Maria
2012-01-01
With the Common Core State Standards' emphasis on transformations, teachers need a variety of approaches to increase student understanding. Teaching matrix transformations by focusing on row vectors gives students tools to create matrices to perform transformations. This empowerment opens many doors: Students are able to create the matrices for…
Inversion of the circular averages transform using the Funk transform
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The integral of a function defined on the half-plane along the semi-circles centered on the boundary of the half-plane is known as the circular averages transform. Circular averages transform arises in many tomographic image reconstruction problems. In particular, in synthetic aperture radar (SAR) when the transmitting and receiving antennas are colocated, the received signal is modeled as the integral of the ground reflectivity function of the illuminated scene over the intersection of spheres centered at the antenna location and the surface topography. When the surface topography is flat the received signal becomes the circular averages transform of the ground reflectivity function. Thus, SAR image formation requires inversion of the circular averages transform. Apart from SAR, circular averages transform also arises in thermo-acoustic tomography and sonar inverse problems. In this paper, we present a new inversion method for the circular averages transform using the Funk transform. For a function defined on the unit sphere, its Funk transform is given by the integrals of the function along the great circles. We used hyperbolic geometry to establish a diffeomorphism between the circular averages transform, hyperbolic x-ray and Funk transforms. The method is exact and numerically efficient when fast Fourier transforms over the sphere are used. We present numerical simulations to demonstrate the performance of the inversion method. Dedicated to Dennis Healy, a friend of Applied Mathematics and Engineering
Wavelet transform and Radon transform on the Quaternion Heisenberg group
He, JIanxun
2011-01-01
Let $\\mathscr Q$ be the quaternion Heisenberg group, and let $\\mathbf P$ be the affine automorphism group of $\\mathscr Q$. We develop the theory of continuous wavelet transform on the quaternion Heisenberg group via the unitary representations of $\\mathbf P$ on $L^2(\\mathscr Q)$. A class of radial wavelets is constructed. The inverse wavelet transform is simplified by using radial wavelets. Then we investigate the Radon transform on $\\mathscr Q$. A Semyanistri-Lizorkin space is introduced, on which the Radon transform is a bijection. We deal with the Radon transform on $\\mathscr Q$ both by the Euclidean Fourier transform and the group Fourier transform. These two treatments are essentially equivalent. We also give an inversion formula by using wavelets, which does not require the smoothness of functions if the wavelet is smooth.
Čermák, J
2008-01-01
This special-topic book, devoted to ""Solid Phase Transformations"" , covers a broad range of phenomena which are of importance in a number of technological processes. Most commercial alloys undergo thermal treatment after casting, with the aim of imparting desired compositions and/or optimal morphologies to the component phases. In spite of the fact that the topic has lain at the center of physical metallurgy for a long time, there are numerous aspects which are wide open to potential investigative breakthroughs. Materials with new structures also stimulate research in the field, as well as n
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
D. Naylor
1988-01-01
Full Text Available A formula of inversion is established for an integral transform whose kernel is the Bessel function Ju(kr where r varies over the finite interval (0,a and the order u is taken to be the eigenvalue parameter. When this parameter is large the Bessel function behaves for varying r like the power function ru and by relating the Bessel functions to their corresponding power functions the proof of the inversion formula can be reduced to one depending on the Mellin inversion theorem.
Differentiation transforming system
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Qiang Cheng; Haibin Zhang; Bin Wang; Yonghua Zhao
2009-01-01
The differentiation transforming(DFT)system is developed to produce the tangent linear codes,which is used to calculate the Jacobian-and the Hessian-vector products with no truncation errors.This paper first gives the introduction of the functionality and features of the DFT system,and then discusses several techniques for the implementation of automatic differentiation tools,including data dependence analysis,singular differentiation and code optimization.Finally,the codes generated with DFT used in several applications have been demonstrated.
Berdahl, C. M.; Thiele, C. L. (Inventor)
1979-01-01
For use in combination with a heat engine, a thermal energy transformer is presented. It is comprised of a flux receiver having a first wall defining therein a radiation absorption cavity for converting solar flux to thermal energy, and a second wall defining an energy transfer wall for the heat engine. There is a heat pipe chamber interposed between the first and second walls having a working fluid disposed within the chamber and a wick lining the chamber for conducting the working fluid from the second wall to the first wall. Thermal energy is transferred from the radiation absorption cavity to the heat engine.
Mclyman, C. W. T. (Inventor)
1974-01-01
A banded transformer core formed by positioning a pair of mated, similar core halves on a supporting pedestal. The core halves are encircled with a strap, selectively applying tension whereby a compressive force is applied to the core edge for reducing the innate air gap. A dc magnetic field is employed in supporting the core halves during initial phases of the banding operation, while an ac magnetic field subsequently is employed for detecting dimension changes occurring in the air gaps as tension is applied to the strap.
Transformation von Zierpflanzen
Börstling, Dirk
2005-01-01
Da die Gentechnik und die Molekularbiologie für die moderne Pflanzenzüchtung in den letzten Jahren enorm an Bedeutung gewonnen haben, besteht auch für die Züchtung von gartenbaulichen Nutzpflanzen ein Interesse am Einsatz dieser Methoden. Die erfolgreiche Veränderung der Blütenfarbe bei Petunia hybrida (Meyer et al. 1987) stellt den Anfang der Transformation von Zierpflanzen mit einem konkreten und wirtschaftlich relevanten Ziel dar. Die Ergebnisse dienen nicht nur der Grundlagenwissenschaft,...
Entanglement Continuous Unitary Transformations
Sahin, S; Orus, R
2016-01-01
Continuous unitary transformations are a powerful tool to extract valuable information out of quantum many-body Hamiltonians, in which the so-called flow equation transforms the Hamiltonian to a diagonal or block-diagonal form in second quantization. Yet, one of their main challenges is how to approximate the infinitely-many coupled differential equations that are produced throughout this flow. Here we show that tensor networks offer a natural and non-perturbative truncation scheme in terms of entanglement. The corresponding scheme is called "entanglement-CUT" or eCUT. It can be used to extract the low-energy physics of quantum many-body Hamiltonians, including quasiparticle energy gaps. We provide the general idea behind eCUT and explain its implementation for finite 1d systems using the formalism of matrix product operators, and we present proof-of-principle results for the spin-1/2 1d quantum Ising model in a transverse field. Entanglement-CUTs can also be generalized to higher dimensions and to the thermo...
Transformational silicon electronics
Rojas, Jhonathan Prieto
2014-02-25
In today\\'s traditional electronics such as in computers or in mobile phones, billions of high-performance, ultra-low-power devices are neatly integrated in extremely compact areas on rigid and brittle but low-cost bulk monocrystalline silicon (100) wafers. Ninety percent of global electronics are made up of silicon. Therefore, we have developed a generic low-cost regenerative batch fabrication process to transform such wafers full of devices into thin (5 μm), mechanically flexible, optically semitransparent silicon fabric with devices, then recycling the remaining wafer to generate multiple silicon fabric with chips and devices, ensuring low-cost and optimal utilization of the whole substrate. We show monocrystalline, amorphous, and polycrystalline silicon and silicon dioxide fabric, all from low-cost bulk silicon (100) wafers with the semiconductor industry\\'s most advanced high-κ/metal gate stack based high-performance, ultra-low-power capacitors, field effect transistors, energy harvesters, and storage to emphasize the effectiveness and versatility of this process to transform traditional electronics into flexible and semitransparent ones for multipurpose applications. © 2014 American Chemical Society.
Transforming Innovation for Sustainability
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Adrian Ely
2012-06-01
Full Text Available The urgency of charting pathways to sustainability that keep human societies within a "safe operating space" has now been clarified. Crises in climate, food, biodiversity, and energy are already playing out across local and global scales and are set to increase as we approach critical thresholds. Drawing together recent work from the Stockholm Resilience Centre, the Tellus Institute, and the STEPS Centre, this commentary article argues that ambitious Sustainable Development Goals are now required along with major transformation, not only in policies and technologies, but in modes of innovation themselves, to meet them. As examples of dryland agriculture in East Africa and rural energy in Latin America illustrate, such "transformative innovation" needs to give far greater recognition and power to grassroots innovation actors and processes, involving them within an inclusive, multi-scale innovation politics. The three dimensions of direction, diversity, and distribution along with new forms of "sustainability brokering" can help guide the kinds of analysis and decision making now needed to safeguard our planet for current and future generations.
Magnetic Materials for Current Transformers
Aguilera, S; Ruffieux, P
2013-01-01
At CERN, the circulating beam current measurement is provided by two types of transformers, the Direct Current Current Transformers (DCCT) and the Fast Beam Current Transformers (FBCT). Each type of transformer requires different magnetic characteristics regarding parameters such as permeability, coercivity and shape of the magnetization curve. Each transformer is built based on toroidal cores of a magnetic material which gives these characteristics. For example, DCCTs consist of three cores, two for the measurement of the DC component and one for the AC component. In order to study the effect of changes in these parameters on the current transformers, several interesting raw materials based on their as-cast properties were selected with the annealing process used to tune their properties for the individual needs of each transformer. First annealing tests show that the magnetization curve, and therefore the permeability, of the material can be modified, opening the possibility for building and studying a vari...
Lorentz transformations: Einstein's derivation simplified
Rothenstein, B; Popescu, Stefan; Rothenstein, Bernhard
2007-01-01
We show that the Lorentz transformations for the space-time coordinates of the same event are a direct consequence of the principle of relativity and of Einstein's distant clocks synchronization procedure. In our approach, imposing the linear character of the Lorentz transformations we guess that the transformation equation for the space coordinate has the form x=ax'+cbt'. Imposing the condition that it accounts for the time dilation relativistic effect and taking into account the fact that due to the clock synchronization a la Einstein the space-time coordinates of the same event in the two frames are related by x=ct and x'=ct', we find out expressions for a and b. Dividing the transformation equation for the space coordinate by c we obtain the transformation equation for the time coordinate t=at'+b/cx'. Combining the two transformation equations we obtain directly the inverse Lorentz transformations.
Transformations of emotional experience.
de Cortiñas, Lia Pistiner
2013-06-01
In this paper the author approaches mental pain and the problems in a psychoanalytic treatment of patients with difficulties in the psychic transformation of their emotional experiences. The author is interested in the symbolic failure related to the obstruction of development of phantasies, dreams, dream-thoughts, etc. She differentiates symbolization disturbances related to hypertrophic projective identification from a detention of these primitive communications and emotional isolation. She puts forward the conjecture that one factor in the arrest of this development is the detention of projective identifications and that, when this primitive means of communication is re-established in a container-contained relationship of mutual benefit, this initiates the development of a symbolization process that can replace the pathological 'protection'. Another hypothesis she develops is that of inaccessible caesuras that, associated with the detention of projective identification, obstruct any integrative or interactive movement. This caesura and the detention of projective identifications affect mental functions needed for dealing with mental pain. The personality is left with precarious mental equipment for transforming emotional experiences. How can a psychoanalytical process stimulate the development of creative symbolization, transforming the emotional experiences and leading towards mental growth? The author approaches the clinical problem with the metaphor of the psychic birth of emotional experience. The modulation of mental pain in a container-contained relationship is a central problem for the development of the human mind. For discovering and giving a meaning to emotional experience, the infant depends on reverie, a function necessary in order to develop an evolved consciousness capable of being aware, which is different from the rudimentary consciousness that perceives but does not understand. The development of mature mental equipment is associated with the
Transformations of emotional experience.
de Cortiñas, Lia Pistiner
2013-06-01
In this paper the author approaches mental pain and the problems in a psychoanalytic treatment of patients with difficulties in the psychic transformation of their emotional experiences. The author is interested in the symbolic failure related to the obstruction of development of phantasies, dreams, dream-thoughts, etc. She differentiates symbolization disturbances related to hypertrophic projective identification from a detention of these primitive communications and emotional isolation. She puts forward the conjecture that one factor in the arrest of this development is the detention of projective identifications and that, when this primitive means of communication is re-established in a container-contained relationship of mutual benefit, this initiates the development of a symbolization process that can replace the pathological 'protection'. Another hypothesis she develops is that of inaccessible caesuras that, associated with the detention of projective identification, obstruct any integrative or interactive movement. This caesura and the detention of projective identifications affect mental functions needed for dealing with mental pain. The personality is left with precarious mental equipment for transforming emotional experiences. How can a psychoanalytical process stimulate the development of creative symbolization, transforming the emotional experiences and leading towards mental growth? The author approaches the clinical problem with the metaphor of the psychic birth of emotional experience. The modulation of mental pain in a container-contained relationship is a central problem for the development of the human mind. For discovering and giving a meaning to emotional experience, the infant depends on reverie, a function necessary in order to develop an evolved consciousness capable of being aware, which is different from the rudimentary consciousness that perceives but does not understand. The development of mature mental equipment is associated with the
Combined Reduced-Rank Transform
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Anatoli Torokhti
2006-04-01
Full Text Available We propose and justify a new approach to constructing optimal nonlinear transforms of random vectors. We show that the proposed transform improves such characteristics of {rank-reduced} transforms as compression ratio, accuracy of decompression and reduces required computational work. The proposed transform ${mathcal T}_p$ is presented in the form of a sum with $p$ terms where each term is interpreted as a particular rank-reduced transform. Moreover, terms in ${mathcal T}_p$ are represented as a combination of three operations ${mathcal F}_k$, ${mathcal Q}_k$ and ${oldsymbol{varphi}}_k$ with $k=1,ldots,p$. The prime idea is to determine ${mathcal F}_k$ separately, for each $k=1,ldots,p$, from an associated rank-constrained minimization problem similar to that used in the Karhunen--Lo`{e}ve transform. The operations ${mathcal Q}_k$ and ${oldsymbol{varphi}}_k$ are auxiliary for f/inding ${mathcal F}_k$. The contribution of each term in ${mathcal T}_p$ improves the entire transform performance. A corresponding unconstrained nonlinear optimal transform is also considered. Such a transform is important in its own right because it is treated as an optimal filter without signal compression. A rigorous analysis of errors associated with the proposed transforms is given.
Won, C. C.
1993-01-01
This work describes a modeling and design method whereby a piezoelectric system is formulated by two sets of second-order equations, one for the mechanical system, and the other for the electrical system, coupled through the piezoelectric effect. The solution to this electromechanical coupled system gives a physical interpretation of the piezoelectric effect as a piezoelectric transformer that is a part of the piezoelectric system, which transfers the applied mechanical force into a force-controlled current source, and short circuit mechanical compliance into capacitance. It also transfers the voltage source into a voltage-controlled relative velocity input, and free motional capacitance into mechanical compliance. The formulation and interpretation simplify the modeling of smart structures and lead to physical insight that aids the designer. Due to its physical realization, the smart structural system can be unconditional stable and effectively control responses. This new concept has been demonstrated in three numerical examples for a simple piezoelectric system.
General linear chirplet transform
Yu, Gang; Zhou, Yiqi
2016-03-01
Time-frequency (TF) analysis (TFA) method is an effective tool to characterize the time-varying feature of a signal, which has drawn many attentions in a fairly long period. With the development of TFA, many advanced methods are proposed, which can provide more precise TF results. However, some restrictions are introduced inevitably. In this paper, we introduce a novel TFA method, termed as general linear chirplet transform (GLCT), which can overcome some limitations existed in current TFA methods. In numerical and experimental validations, by comparing with current TFA methods, some advantages of GLCT are demonstrated, which consist of well-characterizing the signal of multi-component with distinct non-linear features, being independent to the mathematical model and initial TFA method, allowing for the reconstruction of the interested component, and being non-sensitivity to noise.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Obinger, Herbert; Starke, Peter
2014-01-01
This paper describes welfare state transformation in OECD countries since the 1970s against the background of the post-war settlement. Relying on quantitative macro-data and qualitative information from the literature, we show that welfare states have con-verged, especially regarding various...... by generous welfare states and disagree with the view that a supply-side orientation equals ‘lean government’ in terms of social expenditure. But convergence implies that the space to maneuver has shrunk for policy-makers. The consequences of the 2008 financial crisis for welfare states are difficult...... to predict; short-term counter-cyclical measures in reac-tion to the crisis highlight the importance of protective buffers in highly integrated economies. Still, some countries have experienced harsh austerity measures since then, and thus the 2008 financial crisis may mark the end of the convergence period...
Fourier Transform Spectrometer System
Campbell, Joel F. (Inventor)
2014-01-01
A Fourier transform spectrometer (FTS) data acquisition system includes an FTS spectrometer that receives a spectral signal and a laser signal. The system further includes a wideband detector, which is in communication with the FTS spectrometer and receives the spectral signal and laser signal from the FTS spectrometer. The wideband detector produces a composite signal comprising the laser signal and the spectral signal. The system further comprises a converter in communication with the wideband detector to receive and digitize the composite signal. The system further includes a signal processing unit that receives the composite signal from the converter. The signal processing unit further filters the laser signal and the spectral signal from the composite signal and demodulates the laser signal, to produce velocity corrected spectral data.
Semiosis and Energy Transformation
Taborsky, Edwina
2002-09-01
Semiosis is understood as a process of transforming energy to mass via measurement. Measurement is an action of codification, organizing energy within different modes of relation. Measurement is examined within a series of ontological and epistemological cuts that increase asymmetry by first differentiating energy/mass into external and internal realms and then differentiating these realms into formal mind-models and informal mass-instances. These realms are examined within the three Peircean modes of Firstness. Secondness and Thirdness to explore five different processes of codification that encode energy to mass within a maturing complexity. Codification within these five processes is examined within classical and quantum mechanics and concludes that we require both mechanics of codification to provide a generative semiosis.
INFORMATION MODEL OF SOCIAL TRANSFORMATIONS
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Мария Васильевна Комова
2013-09-01
Full Text Available The social transformation is considered as a process of qualitative changes of the society, creating a new level of organization in all areas of life, in different social formations, societies of different types of development. The purpose of the study is to create a universal model for studying social transformations based on their understanding as the consequence of the information exchange processes in the society. After defining the conceptual model of the study, the author uses the following methods: the descriptive method, analysis, synthesis, comparison.Information, objectively existing in all elements and systems of the material world, is an integral attribute of the society transformation as well. The information model of social transformations is based on the definition of the society transformation as the change in the information that functions in the society’s information space. The study of social transformations is the study of information flows circulating in the society and being characterized by different spatial, temporal, and structural states. Social transformations are a highly integrated system of social processes and phenomena, the nature, course and consequences of which are affected by the factors representing the whole complex of material objects. The integrated information model of social transformations foresees the interaction of the following components: social memory, information space, and the social ideal. To determine the dynamics and intensity of social transformations the author uses the notions of "information threshold of social transformations" and "information pressure".Thus, the universal nature of information leads to considering social transformations as a system of information exchange processes. Social transformations can be extended to any episteme actualized by social needs. The establishment of an information threshold allows to simulate the course of social development, to predict the
Learning Smooth Pattern Transformation Manifolds
Vural, Elif
2011-01-01
Manifold models provide low-dimensional representations that are useful for processing and analyzing data in a transformation-invariant way. In this paper, we study the problem of learning smooth pattern transformation manifolds from image sets that represent observations of geometrically transformed signals. In order to construct a manifold, we build a representative pattern whose transformations accurately fit various input images. We examine two objectives of the manifold building problem, namely, approximation and classification. For the approximation problem, we propose a greedy method that constructs a representative pattern by selecting analytic atoms from a continuous dictionary manifold. We present a DC (Difference-of-Convex) optimization scheme that is applicable to a wide range of transformation and dictionary models, and demonstrate its application to transformation manifolds generated by rotation, translation and anisotropic scaling of a reference pattern. Then, we generalize this approach to a s...
Transformation Systems at NASA Ames
Buntine, Wray; Fischer, Bernd; Havelund, Klaus; Lowry, Michael; Pressburger, TOm; Roach, Steve; Robinson, Peter; VanBaalen, Jeffrey
1999-01-01
In this paper, we describe the experiences of the Automated Software Engineering Group at the NASA Ames Research Center in the development and application of three different transformation systems. The systems span the entire technology range, from deductive synthesis, to logic-based transformation, to almost compiler-like source-to-source transformation. These systems also span a range of NASA applications, including solving solar system geometry problems, generating data analysis software, and analyzing multi-threaded Java code.
Orthogonal decomposition of Lorentz transformations
Hanson, Jason
2011-01-01
The canonical decomposition of a Lorentz algebra element into a sum of orthogonal simple (decomposable) Lorentz bivectors is discussed, as well as the decomposition of a proper orthochronous Lorentz transformation into a product of commuting Lorentz transformations, each of which is the exponential of a simple bivector. As an application, we obtain an alternative method of deriving the formulas for the exponential and logarithm for Lorentz transformations.
Monad Transformers for Backtracking Search
Hedges, Jules
2014-01-01
This paper extends Escardo and Oliva's selection monad to the selection monad transformer, a general monadic framework for expressing backtracking search algorithms in Haskell. The use of the closely related continuation monad transformer for similar purposes is also discussed, including an implementation of a DPLL-like SAT solver with no explicit recursion. Continuing a line of work exploring connections between selection functions and game theory, we use the selection monad transformer with...
Birational transformations of weighted graphs
Flenner, Hubert; Kaliman, Shulim; ZAIDENBERG, MIKHAIL
2005-01-01
We introduce the notion of a standard weighted graph and show that every weighted graph has an essentially unique standard model. Moreover we classify birational transformations between such models. Our central result shows that these are composed of elementary transformations. The latter ones are defined similarly to the well known elementary transformations of ruled surfaces. In a forthcoming paper, we apply these results in the geometric setup to obtain standard equivariant completions of ...
Universal Residuals: A Multivariate Transformation *
Brockwell, A.E.
2007-01-01
Rosenblatt's transformation has been used extensively for evaluation of model goodness-of-fit, but it only applies to models whose joint distribution is continuous. In this paper we generalize the transformation so that it applies to arbitrary probability models. The transformation is simple, but has a wide range of possible applications, providing a tool for exploratory data analysis and formal goodness-of-fit testing for a very general class of probability models. The method is demonstrated with specific examples. PMID:18670587
Universal Residuals: A Multivariate Transformation.
Brockwell, A E
2007-08-01
Rosenblatt's transformation has been used extensively for evaluation of model goodness-of-fit, but it only applies to models whose joint distribution is continuous. In this paper we generalize the transformation so that it applies to arbitrary probability models. The transformation is simple, but has a wide range of possible applications, providing a tool for exploratory data analysis and formal goodness-of-fit testing for a very general class of probability models. The method is demonstrated with specific examples.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kim, Kseniya; Zhurbenko, Vitaliy; Johansen, Tom Keinicke;
2012-01-01
to a traditional tapered line impedance transformer. The increase in bandwidth of nonsynchronous noncommensurate impedance transformers typically leads to shortening the transformer length, which makes the transformer attractive for applications, where a wide operating band and high transformation ratios...
Medical Data Transformation Using Rewriting
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Naveen eAshish
2015-02-01
Full Text Available This paper presents an approach to and system for declaratively transforming medical subjects’ data into a common data model representation. Our work is part of the GAAIN project on Alzheimer’s disease data federation. We present a general purpose data transformation system that we have developed by leveraging the existing state-of-the-art in data integration and query rewriting. In this work we have further extended the current technology with new formalisms that facilitate expressing a broader range of data transformation tasks, plus new execution methodologies to ensure efficient data transformation for disease datasets.
Color image encryption based on gyrator transform and Arnold transform
Sui, Liansheng; Gao, Bo
2013-06-01
A color image encryption scheme using gyrator transform and Arnold transform is proposed, which has two security levels. In the first level, the color image is separated into three components: red, green and blue, which are normalized and scrambled using the Arnold transform. The green component is combined with the first random phase mask and transformed to an interim using the gyrator transform. The first random phase mask is generated with the sum of the blue component and a logistic map. Similarly, the red component is combined with the second random phase mask and transformed to three-channel-related data. The second random phase mask is generated with the sum of the phase of the interim and an asymmetrical tent map. In the second level, the three-channel-related data are scrambled again and combined with the third random phase mask generated with the sum of the previous chaotic maps, and then encrypted into a gray scale ciphertext. The encryption result has stationary white noise distribution and camouflage property to some extent. In the process of encryption and decryption, the rotation angle of gyrator transform, the iterative numbers of Arnold transform, the parameters of the chaotic map and generated accompanied phase function serve as encryption keys, and hence enhance the security of the system. Simulation results and security analysis are presented to confirm the security, validity and feasibility of the proposed scheme.
Face Hallucination using Eigen Transformation in Transform Domain
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Abdu Rahiman V
2010-01-01
Full Text Available Faces often appear very small in surveillance imagery because of the wide fields of view that are typically used and the relatively large distance between the cameras and the scene. In applications like face recognition, face detection etc. resolution enhancement techniques are therefore generally essential. Super resolution is the process of determining and adding missing high frequency information in the image to improve the resolution. It is highly useful in the areas of recognition, identification, compression, etc. Face hallucination is a subset of super resolution. This work is intended to enhance the visual quality and resolution of a facial image. It focuses on the eigen transform based face super resolution techniques in transform domain. Advantage of eigen transformation based technique is that, it does not require iterative optimization techniques and hence comparatively faster. Eigen transform is performed in wavelet transform and discrete cosine transform domains and the results are presented. The results establish the fact that the eigen transform is efficient in transform domain also and thus it can be directly applied with slight modifications on the compressed images.
Quantum scattering transformation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
There are three successful lines of development in one-dimensional mathematical physics: theory of quantum mechanics, theory of planar models in statistical mechanics, and inverse scattering method in classical field theory. It has been realized that the third method can be quantized to create a unified approach called Quantum Inverse Method, or quantum scattering transformation (QST). Recent developments are compiled in this text. Basic formula of QST are derived. Examples, for the nonlinear Schroedinger equation, and the Sine-Gordon equations, are given. A few problems are treated. The inverse problem of reconstructing the field variables from given scattering data is solved by the Gelfand-Levitan-Marchencko (GLM) equation. In summary, the QST model leads to the exact solution of field-theoretical models, and produces new models. It teaches that particles spectrum above the physical ground state can be considerably different from the predictions of perturbation theory. QST presents us with a ''prolific playground'' in quantum field theory and mathematical physics
Bioenergy and African transformation.
Lynd, Lee R; Sow, Mariam; Chimphango, Annie Fa; Cortez, Luis Ab; Brito Cruz, Carlos H; Elmissiry, Mosad; Laser, Mark; Mayaki, Ibrahim A; Moraes, Marcia Afd; Nogueira, Luiz Ah; Wolfaardt, Gideon M; Woods, Jeremy; van Zyl, Willem H
2015-01-01
Among the world's continents, Africa has the highest incidence of food insecurity and poverty and the highest rates of population growth. Yet Africa also has the most arable land, the lowest crop yields, and by far the most plentiful land resources relative to energy demand. It is thus of interest to examine the potential of expanded modern bioenergy production in Africa. Here we consider bioenergy as an enabler for development, and provide an overview of modern bioenergy technologies with a comment on application in an Africa context. Experience with bioenergy in Africa offers evidence of social benefits and also some important lessons. In Brazil, social development, agricultural development and food security, and bioenergy development have been synergistic rather than antagonistic. Realizing similar success in African countries will require clear vision, good governance, and adaptation of technologies, knowledge, and business models to myriad local circumstances. Strategies for integrated production of food crops, livestock, and bioenergy are potentially attractive and offer an alternative to an agricultural model featuring specialized land use. If done thoughtfully, there is considerable evidence that food security and economic development in Africa can be addressed more effectively with modern bioenergy than without it. Modern bioenergy can be an agent of African transformation, with potential social benefits accruing to multiple sectors and extending well beyond energy supply per se. Potential negative impacts also cut across sectors. Thus, institutionally inclusive multi-sector legislative structures will be more effective at maximizing the social benefits of bioenergy compared to institutionally exclusive, single-sector structures.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kalina Maleska
2014-11-01
Full Text Available This essay is focused on the phenomenon of power. Special attention is paid to the past understanding, research and explanation of what power is, and how it has been understood throughout history. Traditionally, power has referred to authority, influence, control. The research of literary works, however, has led me to the realization that the notion of power is understood in different terms in literature in comparison to how it is explained in philosophy and the social sciences. In order to contribute to the broader understanding of power from a literary point of view, this essay examines many questions concerning this phenomenon, such as: how does the past understanding of power determine how it is accepted and interpreted in the present? How are the success of the present efforts and initiatives affected by the memory of power? The essay attempts to show that the memory of the notion of power is not and cannot be fixed and given once and for all. Therefore, the literary examples provided demonstrate how the definitions of power given in the past are transformed and transfigured by present literary works, which show how we may “forget” what we know about this phenomenon, and define it from a new perspective.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Đurđević Ksenija R.
2008-01-01
Full Text Available The consumption of electric power is constantly increasing due to industrialization and population growth. This results in much more severe operating conditions of transformers, the most important electrical devices that make integral parts of power transmission and distribution systems. The designed operating life of the majority of worldwide transformers has already expired, which puts the increase of transformer reliability and operating life extension in the spotlight. Transformer oil plays a very important role in transformer operation, since it provides insulation and cooling, helps extinguishing sparks and dissolves gases formed during oil degradation. In addition to this, it also dissolves moisture and gases from cellulose insulation and atmosphere it is exposed to. Further and by no means less important functions of transformer are of diagnostic purpose. It has been determined that examination and inspection of insulation oil provide 70% of information on transformer condition, which can be divided in three main groups: dielectric condition, aged transformer condition and oil degradation condition. By inspecting and examining the application oil it is possible to determine the condition of insulation, oil and solid insulation (paper, as well as irregularities in transformer operation. All of the above-mentioned reasons and facts create ground for the subject of this research covering two stages of transformer oil life cycle: (1 proactive maintenance and monitoring of transformer oils in the course of utilization with reference to influence of transformer oil condition on paper insulation condition, as well as the condition of the transformer itself; (2 regeneration of transformer oils for the purpose of extension of utilization period and paper insulation revitalization potential by means of oil purification. The study highlights advantages of oil-paper insulation revitalization over oil replacement. Besides economic, there are
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHENGChun-Long; ZHANGJie-Fang; CHENLi-Qun
2003-01-01
Starting from a special Baecklund transform and a variable separation approach, a quite general variable separation solution of the generalized ( 2 + 1 )-dimensional perturbed nonlinear Schroedinger system is obtained. In addition to the single-valued localized coherent soliron excitations like dromions, breathers, instantons, peakons, and previously revealed chaotic localized solution, a new type of multi-valued (folded) localized excitation is derived by introducing some appropriate lower-dimensional multiple valued functions.
Database Transformations for Biological Applications
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Overton, C.; Davidson, S. B.; Buneman, P.; Tannen, V.
2001-04-11
The goal of this project was to develop tools to facilitate data transformations between heterogeneous data sources found throughout biomedical applications. Such transformations are necessary when sharing data between different groups working on related problems as well as when querying data spread over different databases, files and software analysis packages.
Towards Transformative Leadership in Education
van Oord, Lodewijk
2013-01-01
This article argues that an educational organization's type of leadership will to a very large extent determine the quality of personal transformation it instigates among its stakeholders. Focusing on the importance of transformative leadership, such leadership will be viewed as a critical and collaborative process in which school-based…
Transformation of Words into Vocabulary
Parveen, H. Naseema; Rajan, Premalatha
2012-01-01
This article explores the significance of a word and the changes it undergoes in its form when it is placed in the hierarchy of grammatical constituents thereby forming a new word termed as vocabulary. This change or transformation is the result of affixations. Transformation becomes essential as the words learnt cannot be used as such in a…
Organizational Learning through Transformational Leadership
Imran, Muhammad Kashif; Ilyas, Muhammad; Aslam, Usman; Ubaid-Ur-Rahman
2016-01-01
Purpose: The transformation of firms from resource-based-view to knowledge-based-view has extended the importance of organizational learning. Thus, this study aims to develop an organizational learning model through transformational leadership with indirect effect of knowledge management process capability and interactive role of…
Transforming Normal Programs by Replacement
Bossi, Annalisa; Cocco, Nicoletta; Etalle, Sandro; Pettorossi, A.
1992-01-01
The replacement transformation operation, already defined in [28], is studied wrt normal programs. We give applicability conditions able to ensure the correctness of the operation wrt Fitting's and Kunen's semantics. We show how replacement can mimic other transformation operations such as thinning,
Field-based transformation optics
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Novitsky, Andrey
2011-01-01
Instead of common definition of the transformation-optics devices via the coordinate transformation we offer the approach founded on boundary conditions for the fields. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the approach by two examples: two-shell cloak and concentrator of electric field. We believe...
Thermal Analysis of Power Transformer
Kravchenko E.V.; Ivleva D. Yu.
2015-01-01
A new approach for predicting the reliability indices based on the numerical analysis of nonuniform temperature fields of power transformer is reported. The failure rates of a power transformer in a real thermal mode of device under natural convection were compared with statistical data.. The necessity of unsteady temperature field consideration was shown to enchance the reliability prediction
Travel and Adult Transformative Learning
Lindstrom, Steven K.
2011-01-01
This phenomenological research study examines the lived experience of individual adult transformation in the context of travel. Adults throughout history have experienced profound personal and perception changes as a result of significant travel events. Transformative learning occurs through experience, crisis, and reflection, all of which are…
MCC: A Model Transformation Environment
Kleppe, A.G.
2006-01-01
In the model driven software development process, software is built by constructing one or more models and transforming these into other models. In turn these output models may be transformed into another set of models until finally the output consists of program code that can be executed. Ultimatel
Graph Transformation and AI Planning
Edelkamp, S.; Rensink, A.; Edelkamp, S.; Frank, J.
2007-01-01
This document provides insight to the similarities and differences of Graph Transformation and AI Planning, two rising research fields with different publication organs and tools. While graph transformation systems can be used as a graphical knowledge engineering front-end for designing planning pr
Abelian theorems for Whittaker transforms
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Richard D. Carmichael
1987-01-01
Full Text Available Initial and final value Abelian theorems for the Whittaker transform of functions and of distributions are obtained. The Abelian theorems are obtained as the complex variable of the transform approaches 0 or ∞ in absolute value inside a wedge region in the right half plane.
The transformation of cooperative societies
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Fernando Sacristán Bergia
2010-12-01
Full Text Available This paper focuses on the Cooperative´s transformation process. The Author study the positions of creditors and members, and the general assembly decisions. This paper systematizes the transformation into private limited company.Received: 12.06.10Accepted: 28.06.10
tt: Treelet transform with Stata
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Gorst-Rasmussen, Anders
2012-01-01
for much of the variation in the original data. However, in contrast to principal component analysis, the treelet transform produces sparse components. This can greatly simplify interpretation. I describe the tt Stata add-on for performing the treelet transform. The add-on includes a Mata implementation...
Experiments with a Differential Transformer
Aguilar, Horacio Munguía
2016-01-01
An experiment with an electric transformer based on single coils shows how electromagnetic induction changes when the magnetic coupling between coils is adjusted. This transformer has two secondary outputs which are taken differentially. This is the basis for a widely used position transducer known as LVDT.
Wavelet-fractional Fourier transforms
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Yuan Lin
2008-01-01
This paper extends the definition of fractional Fourier transform (FRFT) proposed by Namias V by using other orthonormal bases for L2 (R) instead of Hermite-Ganssian functions.The new orthonormal basis is gained indirectly from multiresolution analysis and orthonormal wavelets. The so defined FRFT is called wavelets-fractional Fourier transform.
Fast Numerical Nonlinear Fourier Transforms
Wahls, Sander
2014-01-01
The nonlinear Fourier transform, which is also known as the forward scattering transform, decomposes a periodic signal into nonlinearly interacting waves. In contrast to the common Fourier transform, these waves no longer have to be sinusoidal. Physically relevant waveforms are often available for the analysis instead. The details of the transform depend on the waveforms underlying the analysis, which in turn are specified through the implicit assumption that the signal is governed by a certain evolution equation. For example, water waves generated by the Korteweg-de Vries equation can be expressed in terms of cnoidal waves. Light waves in optical fiber governed by the nonlinear Schr\\"dinger equation (NSE) are another example. Nonlinear analogs of classic problems such as spectral analysis and filtering arise in many applications, with information transmission in optical fiber, as proposed by Yousefi and Kschischang, being a very recent one. The nonlinear Fourier transform is eminently suited to address them ...
Power Transformer Intelligence Monitor System
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Sun Jianshe; Shi Lei
2006-01-01
An auto-monitoring system has been created that could monitor the main parameter of power transformers. It reads data of V&I by precision rectifier circuit and amplifier, and converted electric energy into pulse signal by means of sensor technique and pulse converter circuit, it is sent into microcomputer to process, completed monitoring to power transformer parameters and running state by software system. It can register all kinds of key data, and provide all kinds of virtual technical data for managing sections and can auto-form all kinds of electric annual reports and monthly reports analysis graphs such as managing graphs. It notably improves the safety and reliability of transformer, with strong anti-jamming technique and unique function, it can be used on the transformers in railway' s self-closing lines and all kinds of transformer stations.
Piezoelectric Transformers: An Historical Review
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Alfredo Vazquez Carazo
2016-04-01
Full Text Available Piezoelectric transformers (PTs are solid-state devices that transform electrical energy into electrical energy by means of a mechanical vibration. These devices are manufactured using piezoelectric materials that are driven at resonance. With appropriate design and circuitry, it is possible to step up and step down the voltages between the input and output sections of the piezoelectric transformer, without making use of magnetic materials and obtaining excellent conversion efficiencies. The initial concept of a piezoelectric ceramic transformer was proposed by Charles A. Rosen in 1954. Since then, the evolution of piezoelectric transformers through history has been linked to the relevant work of some excellent researchers as well as to the evolution in materials, manufacturing processes, and driving circuit techniques. This paper summarizes the historical evolution of the technology.
Unitary Transformation in Quantum Teleportation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG Zheng-Chuan
2006-01-01
In the well-known treatment of quantum teleportation, the receiver should convert the state of his EPR particle into the replica of the unknown quantum state by one of four possible unitary transformations. However, the importance of these unitary transformations must be emphasized. We will show in this paper that the receiver cannot transform the state of his particle into an exact replica of the unknown state which the sender wants to transfer if he has not a proper implementation of these unitary transformations. In the procedure of converting state, the inevitable coupling between EPR particle and environment which is needed by the implementation of unitary transformations will reduce the accuracy of the replica.
Detection of inrush current in distribution transformer using wavelet transform
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sedighi, A.-R.; Haghifam, M.-R. [Tarbiat Modarres Univ., Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Tehran (Iran)
2005-07-01
Inrush currents in transformers are non-sinusoidal, high magnitude currents generated due to flux saturation in the core during energization. For protection purpose, in this paper an efficient method for detection of inrush current in distribution transformer based on wavelet transform is presented. Using this method inrush current can be discriminated from the other switching transients such as: load switching, capacitor switching and single phase to ground fault. Inrush current and other events for feature extraction and discrimination are simulated using Electro Magnetic Transient Program (EMTP). Results in all cases show the effectiveness of proposed procedure in identifying inrush current from other transients. (Author)
Optical encryption with cascaded fractional wavelet transforms
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
BAO Liang-hua; CHEN Lin-fei; ZHAO Dao-mu
2006-01-01
On the basis of fractional wavelet transform, we propose a new method called cascaded fractional wavelet transform to encrypt images. It has the virtues of fractional Fourier transform and wavelet transform. Fractional orders, standard focal lengths and scaling factors are its keys. Multistage fractional Fourier transforms can add the keys easily and strengthen information security. This method can also realize partial encryption just as wavelet transform and fractional wavelet transform. Optical realization of encryption and decryption is proposed. Computer simulations confirmed its possibility.
Lorentz Transformations from Intrinsic Symmetries
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sheng D. Chao
2016-09-01
Full Text Available We reveal the frame-exchange space-inversion (FESI symmetry and the frame-exchange time-inversion (FETI symmetry in the Lorentz transformation and propose a symmetry principle stating that the space-time transformation between two inertial frames is invariant under the FESI or the FETI transformation. In combination with the principle of relativity and the presumed nature of Euclidean space and time, the symmetry principle is employed to derive the proper orthochronous Lorentz transformation without assuming the constancy of the speed of light and specific mathematical requirements (such as group property a priori. We explicitly demonstrate that the constancy of the speed of light in all inertial frames can be derived using the velocity reciprocity property, which is a deductive consequence of the space–time homogeneity and the space isotropy. The FESI or the FETI symmetry remains to be preserved in the Galilean transformation at the non-relativistic limit. Other similar symmetry operations result in either trivial transformations or improper and/or non-orthochronous Lorentz transformations, which do not form groups.
Transformer Efficiency Assessment - Okinawa, Japan
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Thomas L. Baldwin; Robert J. Turk; Kurt S. Myers; Jake P. Gentle; Jason W. Bush
2012-08-01
The US Army Engineering & Support Center, Huntsville (USAESCH), and the US Marine Corps Base (MCB), Okinawa, Japan retained Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to conduct a Transformer Efficiency Assessment of “key” transformers located at multiple military bases in Okinawa, Japan. The purpose of this assessment is to support the Marine Corps Base, Okinawa in evaluating medium voltage distribution transformers for potential efficiency upgrades. The original scope of work included the MCB providing actual transformer nameplate data, manufacturer’s factory test sheets, electrical system data (kWh), demand data (kWd), power factor data, and electricity cost data. Unfortunately, the MCB’s actual data is not available and therefore making it necessary to de-scope the original assessment. Note: Any similar nameplate data, photos of similar transformer nameplates, and basic electrical details from one-line drawings (provided by MCB) are not a replacement for actual load loss test data. It is recommended that load measurements are performed on the high and low sides of transformers to better quantify actual load losses, demand data, and power factor data. We also recommend that actual data, when available, be inserted by MCB Okinawa where assumptions have been made and then the LCC analysis updated. This report covers a generalized assessment of modern U.S. transformers in a three level efficiency category, Low-Level efficiency, Medium-Level efficiency, and High-Level efficiency.
Transformer Efficiency Assessment - Okinawa, Japan
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Thomas L. Baldwin; Robert J. Turk; Kurt S. Myers; Jake P. Gentle; Jason W. Bush
2012-05-01
The US Army Engineering & Support Center, Huntsville (USAESCH), and the US Marine Corps Base (MCB), Okinawa, Japan retained Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to conduct a Transformer Efficiency Assessment of “key” transformers located at multiple military bases in Okinawa, Japan. The purpose of this assessment is to support the Marine Corps Base, Okinawa in evaluating medium voltage distribution transformers for potential efficiency upgrades. The original scope of work included the MCB providing actual transformer nameplate data, manufacturer’s factory test sheets, electrical system data (kWh), demand data (kWd), power factor data, and electricity cost data. Unfortunately, the MCB’s actual data is not available and therefore making it necessary to de-scope the original assessment. Note: Any similar nameplate data, photos of similar transformer nameplates, and basic electrical details from one-line drawings (provided by MCB) are not a replacement for actual load loss test data. It is recommended that load measurements are performed on the high and low sides of transformers to better quantify actual load losses, demand data, and power factor data. We also recommend that actual data, when available, be inserted by MCB Okinawa where assumptions have been made and then the LCC analysis updated. This report covers a generalized assessment of modern U.S. transformers in a three level efficiency category, Low-Level efficiency, Medium-Level efficiency, and High-Level efficiency.
Conduction-coupled Tesla transformer.
Reed, J L
2015-03-01
A proof-of-principle Tesla transformer circuit is introduced. The new transformer exhibits the high voltage-high power output signal of shock-excited transformers. The circuit, with specification of proper circuit element values, is capable of obtaining extreme oscillatory voltages. The primary and secondary portions of the circuit communicate solely by conduction. The destructive arcing between the primary and secondary inductors in electromagnetically coupled transformers is ubiquitous. Flashover is eliminated in the new transformer as the high-voltage inductors do not interpenetrate and so do not possess an annular volume of electric field. The inductors are remote from one another. The high voltage secondary inductor is isolated in space, except for a base feed conductor, and obtains earth by its self-capacitance to the surroundings. Governing equations, for the ideal case of no damping, are developed from first principles. Experimental, theoretical, and circuit simulator data are presented for the new transformer. Commercial high-temperature superconductors are discussed as a means to eliminate the counter-intuitive damping due to small primary inductances in both the electromagnetic-coupled and new conduction-coupled transformers.
The continous Legendre transform, its inverse transform, and applications
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
P. L. Butzer
1980-01-01
Full Text Available This paper is concerned with the continuous Legendre transform, derived from the classical discrete Legendre transform by replacing the Legendre polynomial Pk(x by the function Pλ(x with λ real. Another approach to T.M. MacRobert's inversion formula is found; for this purpose an inverse Legendre transform, mapping L1(ℝ+ into L2(−1,1, is defined. Its inversion in turn is naturally achieved by the continuous Legendre transform. One application is devoted to the Shannon sampling theorem in the Legendre frame together with a new type of error estimate. The other deals with a new representation of Legendre functions giving information about their behaviour near the point x=−1.
Quantum Optical Squeezing Transform for Generalizing Fractional Fourier Transform'
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
HU Li-Yun; FAN Hong-Yi
2008-01-01
By establishing the relation between the optical scaled fractional Fourier transform (FFT) and quantum mechanical squeezing-rotating operator transform, we employ the bipartite entangled state representation of two-mode squeezing operator to extend the scaled FFT to more general cases, such as scaled complex FFT and entangled scaled FFT. The additivity and eigenmodes are presented in quantum version. The relation between the scaled FFT and squeezing-rotating Wigner operator is studied.
Transformative Theory in Social Research
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ravn, Ib
Social-scientific theory usually represents an attempt to describe or explain social phenomena and, sometimes, to criticize them. However, a theory can be transformative in the sense that in using and testing it, researchers may help practitioners transform and improve their social conditions......, institutions or organisations. This idea is illustrated by a research-and-development effort to help conference organisers develop meeting formats that create more learning among delegates than is accomplished by the conventional, lecture-based format. This effort was based on a (transformative) theory...
Designing for Transformations in Collaboration
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bardram, Jakob Eyvind; Bossen, Claus; Thomsen, Anders Bo
2005-01-01
Transformations in collaborative work due to the introduction of new technology are inevitable, but are often difficult to study. In this paper, we consider the patterns of transformation that are seen in a patient-physician relationship based on the introduction of homecare monitoring equipment....... We report findings from interviews and fieldwork with patients and physicians participating in a clinical experiment of homecare monitoring. By studying both the group of patients who receive homecare-based treatment and the control group we were able to identify transformations in the collaborative...
DNA UPTAKE BY TRANSFORMABLE BACTERIA
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
LACKS,S.A.
1999-09-07
The various processes of DNA uptake by cells can be categorized as: viral DNA entry, conjugation, or transformation. Within each category, a variety of mechanisms have been found. However, considerable similarities occur among the different mechanisms of conjugation and, especially, transformation. All of these natural mechanisms of DNA transfer are quite elaborate and involve multiple protein components, as the case may be, of the virus, the donor cell, and the recipient cell. The mechanisms of viral infection and conjugation will be discussed mainly with respect to their relevance to transformation.
DNA Uptake by Transformable Bacteria
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lacks, Sanford A.
1999-03-31
The various processes of DNA uptake by cells can be categorized as: viral DNA entry, conjugation, or transformation. Within each category, a variety of mechanisms have been found. However, considerable similarities occur among the different mechanisms of conjugation and, especially, transformation. All of these natural mechanisms of DNA transfer are quite elaborate and involve multiple protein components, as the case may be, of the virus, the donor cell, and the recipient cell. The mechanisms of viral infection and conjugation will be discussed mainly with respect to their relevance to transformation.
Spacecraft transformer and inductor design
Mclyman, W. T.
1977-01-01
The conversion process in spacecraft power electronics requires the use of magnetic components which frequently are the heaviest and bulkiest items in the conversion circuit. This handbook pertains to magnetic material selection, transformer and inductor design tradeoffs, transformer design, iron core dc inductor design, toroidal power core inductor design, window utilization factors, regulation, and temperature rise. Relationships are given which simplify and standardize the design of transformers and the analysis of the circuits in which they are used. The interactions of the various design parameters are also presented in simplified form so that tradeoffs and optimizations may easily be made.
MARTENSITIC TRANSFORMATION AND ELASTIC CONSTANTS
Suzuki, T
1985-01-01
The deformation energy barrier for the martensitic transformation is estimated from the data of the elastic constants. The deformation energy barrier for B.C.C → F.C.C martensitic transformation is, at most, of the order of the thermal energy at room temperature. The deformation energy barrier between B.C.C. and F.C.C can be surmounted by thermal energy at temperatures higher than Ms. The martensitic transformation is proposed to be understood as the freezing process of the non-linear lattice...
The coordinate transforming in geography information system
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The coordinate transforming of geography information system includes two kinds of transforming, map projection and coordinate-transforming. This paper proposed a arithmetic of coordinate-transforming, it implement the transforming between the longitude-latitude coordinate and the screen coordinate and apply it in the GIS. The preferable effect was made. (authors)
Integrable Bogoliubov Transform and Integrable Model
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王宁
2003-01-01
By defining Bogoliubov transform as a function of parameters, the integrability of the Bogoliubov transform in parameter space is investigated. It is shown that integrable Bogoliubov transform is closely related to the known integrable model. The relation between the integrable Bogoliubov transform and geometric phase of vacuum induced by the Bogoliubov transform is also discussed.
Steganography Based on Payload Transformation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
K B Shiva Kumar
2011-03-01
Full Text Available Steganography is meant for covert communication of confidential data through internet. In this paper, we propose Steganography based on Payload Transformation (SPT which is non LSB and non transform domain technique where the cover image is segmented into 2*2 matrices and the matrix for payload embedding is considered based on the threshold value fixed by computing adjacent pixel intensity differences. The transformation matrix is obtained based on identity matrix and the payload bit pair. Then the stego image 2*2 matrices are derived from 2*2 cover image matrices and the transformation matrix. A key generated with first bit of payload matrix at the sending end is used to extract the payload from the stego image. It is observed that proposed algorithm is more secure and robust with reasonable PSNR in comparison with existing algorithms.
Transformational Tools and Technologies Project
National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Transformational Tools and Technologies (TTT) Project advances state-of-the-art computational and experimental tools and technologies that are vital to aviation...
Transformational leadership in nursing practice.
Doody, Owen; Doody, Catriona M
Traditionally, nurses have been over-managed and led inadequately, yet today they face unprecedented challenges and opportunities. Organisations constantly face changes that require an increasingly adaptive and flexible leadership. This type of adaptive leadership is referred to as 'transformational'; under it, environments of shared responsibilities that influence new ways of knowing are created. Transformational leadership motivates followers by appealing to higher ideas and moral values, where the leader has a deep set of internal values and ideas. This leads to followers acting to sustain the greater good, rather than their own interests, and supportive environments where responsibility is shared. This article focuses on transformational leadership and its application to nursing through the four components of transformational leadership. These are: idealised influence; inspirational motivation; intellectual stimulation; and individual consideration.
Realization of Fractal Affine Transformation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2001-01-01
This paper gives the definition of fractal affine transformation and presents a specific method for its realization and its cor responding mathematical equations which are essential in fractal image construction.
Managing stakeholders in transformational government
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Reinwald, Anja Kaldahl; Kræmmergaard, Pernille
2012-01-01
). This paper contributes to this literature by reporting the findings from a case study in a Danish local government who has reached the stage of transformational government. Using a grounded theory approach, information about the local government was initially collected and further analyzed within......According to the e-government maturity literature public organizations will move through different stages of maturity implying that more mature e-government is better. For many public organizations the next stage to enter is the stage of transformational government (Dhillon et al., 2008...... a stakeholder perspective. The paper reports how they succeeded in involving the most important stakeholders in the process of reaching transformational government. Finally the paper offers six lessons learned, based on the case study, about how to manage the involved stakeholders to reach transformational...
Disformal transformations on the CMB
Burrage, Clare; Cespedes, Sebastian; Davis, Anne-Christine
2016-08-01
In this work we study the role of disformal transformation on cosmological backgrounds and its relation to the speed of sound for tensor modes. A speed different from one for tensor modes can arise in several contexts, such as Galileons theories or massive gravity, nevertheless the speed is very constrained to be one by observations of gravitational wave emission. It has been shown that in inflation a disformal transformation allows to set the speed for tensor modes to one without making changes to the curvature power spectrum. Here we show that this invariance does not hold when considering the CMB anisotropy power spectrum. It turns out that the after doing the transformation there is an imprint on the acoustic peaks and the diffusion damping. This has interesting consequences; here we explore quartic galileon theories which allow a modified speed for tensor modes. For these theories the transformation can be used to constraint the parameter space in different regimes.
Transformers For Extreme Environments Project
National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Placed on the sunny rim of a permanently-shadowed crater, or at the entrance to a cave, Transformers can be used in conjunction with rover exploration, projecting a...
Barley Transformation Using Biolistic Techniques
Harwood, Wendy A.; Smedley, Mark A.
Microprojectile bombardment or biolistic techniques have been widely used for cereal transformation. These methods rely on the acceleration of gold particles, coated with plasmid DNA, into plant cells as a method of directly introducing the DNA. The first report of the generation of fertile, transgenic barley plants used biolistic techniques. However, more recently Agrobacterium-mediated transformation has been adopted as the method of choice for most cereals including barley. Biolistic procedures are still important for some barley transformation applications and also provide transient test systems for the rapid checking of constructs. This chapter describes methods for the transformation of barley using biolistic procedures and also highlights the use of the technology in transient assays.
Workplaces as Transformative Learning Spaces
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Maslo, Elina
2010-01-01
words: learning, lifelong learning, adult learning, workplace learning, transformative learning spaces During many years of research on lifelong foreign language learning with very different groups of learners, we found some criteria, which make learning process successful. Since then we tried to find...... of the ASEM LLL Hub network 2 Survey on Workplace Learning in Asia and Europe. We will present the work of researchers on the survey as the first transformative learning space and workplace learning we discovered in the enterprises in Latvia as a second example on the transformative learning space. We......Abstract to the Vietnam Forum on Lifelong Learning: Building a Learning Society Hanoi, 7-8 December 2010 Network 2: Competence development as Workplace Learning Title of proposal: Workplaces as Transformative Learning Spaces Author: Elina Maslo, dr. paed., University of Latvia, elina@latnet.lv Key...
Conformal Transformations and Accelerated Cosmologies
Crooks, James L.; Frampton, Paul H.
2006-01-01
A cosmological theory that predicts a late-time accelerated attractor with a constant dark matter to dark energy ratio can be said to solve the Coincidence Problem. Such cosmologies are naturally generated in the context of non-standard gravity theories under conformal transformation because of the resulting couplings between scalar fields and matter. The present work examines four classes of these transformed theories and finds that only a small subset--those with a single scalar field--are ...
Lazy Transformation-Based Learning
Samuel, Ken
1998-01-01
We introduce a significant improvement for a relatively new machine learning method called Transformation-Based Learning. By applying a Monte Carlo strategy to randomly sample from the space of rules, rather than exhaustively analyzing all possible rules, we drastically reduce the memory and time costs of the algorithm, without compromising accuracy on unseen data. This enables Transformation- Based Learning to apply to a wider range of domains, as it can effectively consider a larger number ...
Economic comparison of local transformers
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Just, W. (Stadtwerke Bocholt G.m.b.H. (Germany, F.R.))
1978-02-01
In his statements the author gives simplifying explanations of a few terms such as total operating costs and maintenance costs, as well as capitalization, cash value, and capitalized iron and winding losses in the operation of local transformers. In this connection he compares, for example, several mains transformers from the point of view of their economic efficiency by using tables which have been drawn up.
Entrepreneurship and structural economic transformation
Gries, Thomas; Naudé, Wim
2008-01-01
A stylized fact of economic development is the structural transformation of countries from traditional, mainly agricultural societies to modern economies dominated by manufacturing and services. In this paper we provide an endogenous growth model to illuminate the role of entrepreneurial start-up firms in structural economic transformation. We follow the Lewis-model's distinction between a traditional and modern sector, and underpin this with micro-foundations. We specify mature and startup e...
Lean Transformation of Multinational Concerns
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Matthiesen, Rikke Vestergaard; Johansen, John
2008-01-01
triggered. This paper reports on exploratory studies from a multinational company adopting centrally managed pilot projects as a transformation mechanism for continuous change towards a lean business system and an organizational culture of continuous improvements (CI). Competitive pressure demands...... from a multinational company adopting centrally managed pilot projects as a transformation mechanism for continuous change towards a lean business system and an organizational culture of continuous improvements (CI)....
Rotary Transformer Seals Power In
Studer, P. A.; Paulkovich, J.
1982-01-01
Rotary transformer originally developed for spacecraft transfers electrical power from stationary primary winding to rotating secondary without sliding contacts and very little leakage of electromagnetic radiation. Transformer has two stationary primary windings connected in parallel. Secondary, mounted on a shaft that extends out of housing, rotates between two windings of primary. Shaft of secondary is composed of electrically conducting inner and outer parts separated by an insulator. Electrical contact is made from secondary winding, through shaft, to external leads.
Transforming organizational capabilities in strategizing
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Jørgensen, Claus; Friis, Ole Uhrskov; Koch, Christian
2014-01-01
reallocated over time thereby creating a growing need for new capabilities and transformed knowledge handling routines. IT emerged into an important resource to support more complex routines of product development as well as specific management and HRM processes assisting the transformation......Offshored and networked enterprises are becoming an important if not leading organizational form and this development seriously challenges their organizational capabilities. More specifically, over the last years, SMEs have commenced entering these kinds of arrangements. As the organizational...
Transforming quantum operations: quantum supermaps
Chiribella, G.; D'Ariano, G. M.; Perinotti, P.
2008-01-01
We introduce the concept of quantum supermap, describing the most general transformation that maps an input quantum operation into an output quantum operation. Since quantum operations include as special cases quantum states, effects, and measurements, quantum supermaps describe all possible transformations between elementary quantum objects (quantum systems as well as quantum devices). After giving the axiomatic definition of supermap, we prove a realization theorem, which shows that any sup...
The path to cost transformation.
Hill-Mischel, Jody; Morrissey, Walter W; Neese, Kimberly; Shoger, Timothy R
2016-06-01
A healthcare organization's efforts to strategically transform its cost structure in preparation for value-based payment invariably must begin with a systemwide assessment of cost and quality. Such an assessment should focus on three categories of performance improvement activities: margin improvement, business restructuring, and clinical transformation. A work-team approach is recommended, where teams with multidisciplinary representation assume responsibility for assessing specific areas (e.g., acute care enterprise, physician enterprise, business restructuring). PMID:27451567
Chapter 6 - Assessing transformation pathways
Clarke, L; Jiang, K.; Akimoto, K.; Babiker, M.; Blanford, G.; K. Fisher-Vanden; Hourcade, J.-C.; Krey, V.; Kriegler, E.; Löschel, A.; McCollum, D.; Paltsev, S.; Rose, S.; Shukla, P. R.; Tavoni, M.
2014-01-01
Stabilizing greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations at any level will require deep reductions in GHG emissions. Net global CO2 emissions, in particular, must eventually be brought to or below zero. Emissions reductions of this magnitude will require large-scale transformations in human societies, from the way that we produce and consume energy to how we use the land surface. The more ambitious the stabilization goal, the more rapid this transformation must occur. A natural question in this contex...
Pattern Matching under Polynomial Transformation
Butman, Ayelet; Clifford, Raphael; Jalsenius, Markus; Lewenstein, Noa; Porat, Benny; Porat, Ely; Sach, Benjamin
2011-01-01
We consider a class of pattern matching problems where a polynomial transformation can be applied to the pattern at every alignment. Given a pattern of length m and a longer text of length n where both are assumed to contain integer values only, we show O(n log m) algorithms for pattern matching under linear transformations even when wildcard symbols can occur in the input. We then show how to extend the technique to polynomial transformations of arbitrary degree. Next we consider the problem of finding the minimum Hamming distance under polynomial transformation. We show that, for any epsilon > 0, there cannot exist an O(nm^(1-epsilon)) algorithm for additive and linear transformations conditional on the hardness of the classic 3SUM problem. Finally, we consider a version of the Hamming distance problem under additive transformations with a bound k on the maximum distance that need be reported. We give a deterministic O(nk log k) time solution which we then improve by careful use of randomisation to O(n sqrt...
Micro-shock Wave Assisted Plant Transformation
Gnanadhas, Divya Prakash; Datey, Akshay; Chakravortty, Dipshikha; Gopalan, Jagadeesh
Genetically modified (GM) crops are developed by transforming the desired DNA to plant. There are various methods employed to achieve the required transformation in plants. Agrobacterium mediated transformation and Biolistics or particle bombardment method are the most commonly used methods.
Fast Exact Euclidean Distance (FEED) Transformation
Schouten, Theo; Broek, van den Egon; Kittler, J.; Petrou, M.; Nixon, M.
2004-01-01
Fast Exact Euclidean Distance (FEED) transformation is introduced, starting from the inverse of the distance transformation. The prohibitive computational cost of a naive implementation of traditional Euclidean Distance Transformation, is tackled by three operations: restriction of both the number o
XBZ1, XBJ1 Intelligent Transformer Substation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2008-01-01
After conducting in-depth studies on and making improvements to the operational conditions of the current transformer substation, the advanced technology of the XBZ1 intelligent transformer substation and XBJ1 pre-installed transformer
Transformer engineering design, technology, and diagnostics
Kulkarni, SV
2012-01-01
Transformer Engineering: Design, Technology, and Diagnostics, Second Edition helps you design better transformers, apply advanced numerical field computations more effectively, and tackle operational and maintenance issues. Building on the bestselling Transformer Engineering: Design and Practice, this greatly expanded second edition also emphasizes diagnostic aspects and transformer-system interactions. What's New in This Edition Three new chapters on electromagnetic fields in transformers, transformer-system interactions and modeling, and monitoring and diagnostics An extensively revised chap
Architectural Strategies of Transformation to Modern Housing
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Peters, Terri
2015-01-01
This dissertation addresses the topic of sustainable transformation of Modern housing in Denmark......This dissertation addresses the topic of sustainable transformation of Modern housing in Denmark...
From fractional Fourier transformation to quantum mechanical fractional squeezing transformation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
吕翠红; 范洪义; 李东韡
2015-01-01
By converting the triangular functions in the integration kernel of the fractional Fourier transformation to the hy-perbolic function, i.e., tanα→tanhα, sinα→sinhα, we find quantum mechanical fractional squeezing transformation (FrST) which satisfies additivity. By virtue of the integration technique within ordered product of operators (IWOP) wederive the unitary operator responsible for the FrST, which is composite and is made of eiπa†a/2 and exp[ iα2 (a2+a†2)]. The FrST may be implemented in combinations of quadratic nonlinear crystals with different phase mismatches.
Environmental cost of distribution transformer losses
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Improvements in energy efficiency of electrical equipment reduce the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and contribute to the protection of the environment. Moreover, as system investment and energy costs continue to increase, electric utilities are increasingly interested in installing energy-efficient transformers at their distribution networks. This paper analyzes the impact of the environmental cost of transformer losses on the economic evaluation of distribution transformers. This environmental cost is coming form the cost to buy GHG emission credits because of the GHG emissions associated with supplying transformer losses throughout the transformer lifetime. Application results on the Hellenic power system for 21 transformer offers under 9 different scenarios indicate that the environmental cost of transformer losses can reach on average 34% and 8% of transformer purchasing price for high loss and medium loss transformers, respectively. That is why it is important to incorporate the environmental cost of transformer losses into the economic evaluation of distribution transformers.
Transformation of iopamidol during chlorination.
Wendel, Friedrich M; Lütke Eversloh, Christian; Machek, Edward J; Duirk, Stephen E; Plewa, Michael J; Richardson, Susan D; Ternes, Thomas A
2014-11-01
The transformation of the iodinated X-ray contrast media (ICM) iopamidol, iopromide, iohexol, iomeprol, and diatrizoate was examined in purified water over the pH range from 6.5 to 8.5 in the presence of sodium hypochlorite, monochloramine, and chlorine dioxide. In the presence of aqueous chlorine, only iopamidol was transformed. All other ICM did not show significant reactivity, regardless of the oxidant used. Chlorination of iopamidol followed a second order reaction, with an observed rate constant of up to 0.87 M(-1) s(-1) (±0.021 M(-1) s(-1)) at pH 8.5. The hypochlorite anion was identified to be the reactive chlorine species. Iodine was released during the transformation of iopamidol, and was mainly oxidized to iodate. Only a small percentage (less than 2% after 24 h) was transformed to known organic iodinated disinfection byproducts (DBPs) of low molecular weight. Some of the iodine was still present in high-molecular weight DBPs. The chemical structures of these DBPs were elucidated via MSn fragmentation and NMR. Side chain cleavage was observed as well as the exchange of iodine by chlorine. An overall transformation pathway was proposed for the degradation of iopamidol. CHO cell chronic cytotoxicity tests indicate that chlorination of iopamidol generates a toxic mixture of high molecular weight DBPs (LC50 332 ng/μL).
PLANT TRANSFORMATION: ADVANCES AND PERSPECTIVES
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Alves Adriana Cristina
1999-01-01
Full Text Available Genetic transformation is a powerful tool for plant breeding and genetical, physiological or biochemical research, consequently it is an extremely dynamic field. Transgenic plants are commonly used to complete or substitute mutants in basic research, helping the studies of complex biological situations such as pathogenesis process, genome organization, light reception and signal transduction. In this review, recent approaches for foreign gene introduction (e.g. Agrobiolistics, whole tissue electroporation, in planta Agrobacterium transformation, screening (reporter gene possibilities and performance and transformant selection (ipt selective marker are discussed. Transgene expression and mechanisms underlying (transgene inactivation are presented. Practical applications of genetically modified plants, field tests and commercial transgenic crops worldwide and in Brazil are listed, as well as the main traits and species modified. Potential uses of transgenic plants for animal compound production, biological remediation and synthetic polymer assembly are also shown.
Disformal transformations on the CMB
Burrage, Clare; Davis, Anne-Christine
2016-01-01
In this work we study the role of disformal transformation on cosmological backgrounds and its relation to the speed of sound for tensor modes. A speed different from one for tensor modes can arise in several contexts, such as Galileons theories or massive gravity, nevertheless the speed is very constrained to be one by observations of gravitational wave emission. It has been shown that in inflation a disformal trans- formation allows to set the speed for tensor modes to one without making changes to the curvature power spectrum. Here we show that this invariance does not hold when considering the CMB anisotropy power spectrum. It turns out that the after doing the transformation there is an imprint on the acoustic peaks and the diffusion damping. This has interesting consequences; here we explore quartic galileon theories which allow a modified speed for tensor modes. For these theories the transformation can be used to constraint the parameter space in different regimes.
Shrinking Cities or Urban Transformation
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Laursen, Lea Louise Holst
Shrinking Cities or Urban Transformation is a PhD-thesis conducted at the Department of Architecture and Design, Aalborg University in the period 2004-2008. The PhD concerns the spatial changes that emerge in contemporary urbanity. Contemporary urbanity can among others be characterized as both...... investigation of the cases Baltimore and Denmark is conducted. This shall shed light upon whether the theoretical assumptions correspond to what is happening in the real world. The introduction of the term urban transformation is the result of these investigations and a response to shrinking cities. Urban...... transformation is a holistic and relational conception embracing both growth and decline. Thus, the urban landscape can be described as a conglomerate containing built-up and open spaces as well as urban growth and urban decline. Following the theoretical and empirical analysis the thesis enters into a focus...
Proceedings Fifth Transformation Tool Contest
Van Gorp, Pieter; Rose, Louis
2011-01-01
The aim of the Transformation Tool Contest (TTC) series is to compare the expressiveness, the usability and the performance of graph and model transformation tools along a number of selected case studies. Participants want to learn about the pros and cons of each tool considering different applications. A deeper understanding of the relative merits of different tool features will help to further improve graph and model transformation tools and to indicate open problems. TTC 2011 involved 25 offline case study solutions: 12 solutions to the Hello World case, 2 solutions to the GMF Model Migration case, 5 solutions to the Compiler Optimization case, and 7 solutions to the Reengineering (i.e., Program Understanding) case. This volume contains the submissions that have passed an additional (post-workshop) reviewing round.
Phase Transformations in Confined Nanosystems
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Shield, Jeffrey E. [Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering; Belashchenko, Kirill [Department of Physics & Astronomy
2014-04-29
This project discovered that non-equilibrium structures, including chemically ordered structures not observed in bulk systems, form in isolated nanoscale systems. Further, a generalized model was developed that effectively explained the suppression of equilibrium phase transformations. This thermodynamic model considered the free energy decrease associated with the phase transformation was less than the increase in energy associated with the formation of an interphase interface, therefore inhibiting the phase transformation. A critical diameter exists where the system transitions to bulk behavior, and a generalized equation was formulated that successfully predicted this transition in the Fe-Au system. This provided and explains a new route to novel structures not possible in bulk systems. The structural characterization was accomplished using transmission electron microscopy in collaboration with Matthew Kramer of Ames Laboratory. The PI and graduate student visited Ames Laboratory several times a year to conduct the experiments.
Review of photonic Hilbert transformers
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Chaotan SIMA
2013-01-01
This paper reviews the demonstrations of photonic Hilbert transformers （PHTs）, describing their progress and recent developments. The physical operating principles of PHTs including fractional Hilbert transformers are discussed, together with device applications in all-optical signal processing. Versatile approaches to realize PHTs are discussed, e.g., discrete free space optics, fiber-based schemes and integrated planar geometry. The numerical designs and experimental performances of these PHTs are analyzed in terms of spectral quality, operating bandwidth, system integration, and mechanical and thermal stability. Recent developments of the monolithically integrated photonic Hilbert transform （HT） devices include directional couplers and planar Bragg gratings which allow all-optical single-sideband （SSB） suppression and sideband switching.
Theoretical Provision of Tax Transformation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Feofanova Iryna V.
2016-05-01
Full Text Available The article is aimed at defining the questions, giving answers to which is necessary for scientific substantiation of the tax transformation in Ukraine. The article analyzes the structural-logical relationships of the theories, providing substantiation of tax systems and transformation of them. Various views on the level of both the tax burden and the distribution of the tax burden between big and small business have been systematized. The issues that require theoretical substantiation when choosing a model of tax system have been identified. It is determined that shares of both indirect and direct taxes and their rates can be substantiated by calculations on the basis of statistical data. The results of the presented research can be used to develop the algorithm for theoretical substantiation of tax transformation
A Transformer Class E Amplifier
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mikolajewski Miroslaw
2014-12-01
Full Text Available In a high-efficiency Class E ZVS resonant amplifier a matching and isolation transformer can replace some or even all inductive components of the amplifier thus simplifying the circuit and reducing its cost. In the paper a theoretical analysis, a design example and its experimental verification for a transformer Class E amplifier are presented. In the experimental amplifier with a transformer as the only inductive component in the circuit high efficiency ηMAX = 0.95 was achieved for supply voltage VI = 36 V, maximum output power POMAX = 100 W and the switching frequency f = 300 kHz. Measured parameters and waveforms showed a good agreement with theoretical predictions. Moreover, the relative bandwidth of the switching frequency was only 19% to obtain output power control from 4.8 W to POMAX with efficiency not less than 0.9 in the regulation range.
Efficient transformer for electromagnetic waves
Miller, R.B.
A transformer structure for efficient transfer of electromagnetic energy from a transmission line to an unmatched load provides voltage multiplication and current division by a predetermined constant. Impedance levels are transformed by the square of that constant. The structure includes a wave splitter, connected to an input transmission device and to a plurality of output transmission devices. The output transmission devices are effectively connected in parallel to the input transmission device. The output transmission devices are effectively series connected to provide energy to a load. The transformer structure is particularly effective in increasing efficiency of energy transfer through an inverting convolute structure by capturing and transferring energy losses from the inverter to the load.
Transformation quantum optics: designing spontaneous emission using coordinate transformations
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Zhang, Jingjing; Wubs, Martijn; Ginzburg, Pavel;
2016-01-01
Spontaneous decay is a fundamental quantum property of emitters that can be controlled in a material environment via modification of the local density of optical states (LDOS). Here we use transformation optics methods in order to design required density of states and thus spontaneous emission (SE...
Linear algebra, geometry and transformation
Solomon, Bruce
2014-01-01
Vectors, Mappings and Linearity Numeric Vectors Functions Mappings and Transformations Linearity The Matrix of a Linear Transformation Solving Linear Systems The Linear SystemThe Augmented Matrix and RRE Form Homogeneous Systems in RRE Form Inhomogeneous Systems in RRE Form The Gauss-Jordan Algorithm Two Mapping Answers Linear Geometry Geometric Vectors Geometric/Numeric Duality Dot-Product Geometry Lines, Planes, and Hyperplanes System Geometry and Row/Column Duality The Algebra of Matrices Matrix Operations Special Matrices Matrix Inversion A Logical Digression The Logic of the Inversion Alg
Lorentz transformation of blackbody radiation.
Ford, G W; O'Connell, R F
2013-10-01
We present a simple calculation of the Lorentz transformation of the spectral distribution of blackbody radiation at temperature T. Here we emphasize that T is the temperature in the blackbody rest frame and does not change. We thus avoid the confused and confusing question of how temperature transforms. We show by explicit calculation that at zero temperature the spectral distribution is invariant. At finite temperature we find the well-known result familiar in discussions of the 2.7 K cosmic radiation. PMID:24229306
DC-Compensated Current Transformer.
Ripka, Pavel; Draxler, Karel; Styblíková, Renata
2016-01-01
Instrument current transformers (CTs) measure AC currents. The DC component in the measured current can saturate the transformer and cause gross error. We use fluxgate detection and digital feedback compensation of the DC flux to suppress the overall error to 0.15%. This concept can be used not only for high-end CTs with a nanocrystalline core, but it also works for low-cost CTs with FeSi cores. The method described here allows simultaneous measurements of the DC current component. PMID:26805830
Static Fourier transform infrared spectrometer.
Schardt, Michael; Murr, Patrik J; Rauscher, Markus S; Tremmel, Anton J; Wiesent, Benjamin R; Koch, Alexander W
2016-04-01
Fourier transform spectroscopy has established itself as the standard method for spectral analysis of infrared light. Here we present a robust and compact novel static Fourier transform spectrometer design without any moving parts. The design is well suited for measurements in the infrared as it works with extended light sources independent of their size. The design is experimentally evaluated in the mid-infrared wavelength region between 7.2 μm and 16 μm. Due to its large etendue, its low internal light loss, and its static design it enables high speed spectral analysis in the mid-infrared.
Development of Toroidal Core Transformers
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Leon, Francisco
2014-05-31
The original objective of this project was to design, build and test a few prototypes of singlephase dry-type distribution transformers of 25 kVA, 2.4 kV primary to 120 V transformers using cores made of a continuous steel strip shaped like a doughnut (toroid). At different points during the development of the project, the scope was enhanced to include the more practical case of a 25 kVA transformer for a 13.8 kV primary system voltage. Later, the scope was further expanded to design and build a 50 kVA unit to transformer voltage from 7.62 kV to 2x120 V. This is a common transformer used by Con Edison of New York and they are willing to test it in the field. The project officially started in September 2009 and ended in May 2014. The progress was reported periodically to DOE in eighteen quarterly reports. A Continuation Application was submitted to DOE in June 2010. In May 2011 we have requested a non-cost extension of the project. In December 2011, the Statement of Project Objectives (SOPO) was updated to reflect the real conditions and situation of the project as of 2011. A second Continuation Application was made and funding was approved in 2013 by DOE and the end date was extended to May 2014.The technical challenges that were overcome in this project include: the development of the technology to pass the impulse tests, derive a model for the thermal performance, produce a sound mechanical design, and estimate the inrush current. However, the greatest challenge that we faced during the development of the project was the complications of procuring the necessary parts and materials to build the transformers. The actual manufacturing process is relatively fast, but getting all parts together is a very lengthy process. The main products of this project are two prototypes of toroidal distribution transformers of 7.62 kV (to be used in a 13.8 kV system) to 2x120 V secondary (standard utilization voltage); one is rated at 25 kVA and the other at 50 kVA. The 25 k
Integral transforms and their applications
Debnath, Lokenath
2014-01-01
Integral Transforms and Their Applications, Third Edition covers advanced mathematical methods for many applications in science and engineering. The book is suitable as a textbook for senior undergraduate and first-year graduate students and as a reference for professionals in mathematics, engineering, and applied sciences. It presents a systematic development of the underlying theory as well as a modern approach to Fourier, Laplace, Hankel, Mellin, Radon, Gabor, wavelet, and Z transforms and their applications. New to the Third Edition New material on the historical development of classical a
Transformer and inductor design handbook
McLyman, Colonel Wm T
2011-01-01
With its practical approach to design, Transformer and Inductor Design Handbook, Fourth Edition distinguishes itself from other books by presenting information and guidance that is shaped primarily by the user's needs and point of view. Expanded and revised to address recent industry developments, the fourth edition of this classic reference is re-organized and improved, again serving as a constant aid for anyone seeking to apply the state of the art in transformer and inductor design. Carefully considering key factors such as overall system weight, power conversion efficiency, and cost, the a
DC-Compensated Current Transformer.
Ripka, Pavel; Draxler, Karel; Styblíková, Renata
2016-01-20
Instrument current transformers (CTs) measure AC currents. The DC component in the measured current can saturate the transformer and cause gross error. We use fluxgate detection and digital feedback compensation of the DC flux to suppress the overall error to 0.15%. This concept can be used not only for high-end CTs with a nanocrystalline core, but it also works for low-cost CTs with FeSi cores. The method described here allows simultaneous measurements of the DC current component.
Strategies for Context Sensitive Program Transformation
Olmos Joffré, K.R.
2009-01-01
In this thesis we study the implementation of program transformations at a high abstraction level. We believe this leads to better productivity of the transformation developer. A program transformation system is a computer program which main goal is the transformation of programs. There are several
Schlesinger transformations for elliptic isomonodromic deformations
Korotkin, D A; Samtleben, H
1999-01-01
Schlesinger transformations are discrete monodromy preserving symmetry transformations of the classical Schlesinger system. Generalizing well-known results from the Riemann sphere we construct these transformations for isomonodromic deformations on genus one Riemann surfaces. Their action on the system's tau-function is computed and we obtain an explicit expression for the ratio of the old and the transformed tau-function.
The J and P transformer book a practical technology of the power transformer
Franklin, Arthur Charles
1983-01-01
The J&P Transformer Book, 11th Edition deals with the design, installation, and maintenance of transformers. The book contains technical information, tables, calculations, diagrams, and illustrations based on information supplied by transformer manufacturers and related industries. It reviews fundamental transformer principles, the magnetic circuit, the characteristics of, and general types of transformers. The text contains tables showing the information that should be given to the transformer manufacturer to be used as a basis in preparing quotations. Transformer designs include three import
Program Transformations in a Denotational Setting
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielson, Flemming
1985-01-01
Program transformations are frequently performed by optimizing compilers, and the correctness of applying them usually depends on data flow information. For language-to-same-language transformations, it is shown how a denotational setting can be useful for validating such program transformations....... Strong equivalence is obtained for transformations that exploit information from a class of forward data flow analyses, whereas only weak equivalence is obtained for transformations that exploit information from a class of backward data flow analyses. To obtain strong equivalence, both the original and...... the transform program must be data flow analysed, but consideration of a transformation-exploiting liveness of variables indicates that a more satisfactory approach may be possible...
Progress in planta transformation without tissue culture
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
GU Yun-Hong; YU Zeng-Liang; QIN Guang-Yong; HUO Yu-Ping
2004-01-01
With the development of planta genetic engineering, more emphases have been laid on convenient and high efficient genetic transformation methods. And transformation without tissue culture is a prospective direction of it. In this paper, traditional transformation methods and the methods of non-tissue culture were summarized. With the exploration and application of Arabidopsis transformation mechanism, with the use of ion beam-mediated transformation invented by Chinese scientists and the development of other transformation methods, transformation methods without tissue culture and planta genetic engineering could be improved rapidly.
Education for transformative leadership in Southern Africa
Preece, J
2003-01-01
This article argues that education for transformative leadership in a southern African context needs to nurture an understanding of the relationship between spirituality and charisma. This argument is based on a review of some literature pertaining to transformative learning, transformative leadership, and African value systems. The article explores the relationship between transformative leadership and transformative learning and education theories, and relates them to a specific southern Af...
"Sleeping Giants" Transform a School.
Duff, R. Eleanor
1995-01-01
Describes the transformation of St. John Neumann School, in South Carolina, from a financially unstable parish school to a thriving and fully accredited institution through parent participation and the efforts of a new principal. Argues that the school's experience shows what can be achieved when families, communities, and schools commit…
Phase transformations in metallic glasses
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Jiang, Jianzhong
2003-01-01
Recent development of grain-size effect on phase transformations induced by pressure is reported. A thermodynamic theory is presented and three components: the ratio of volume collapses, the surface energy differences, and the internal energy differences, governing the change of transition pressu...
Transformation of Left Terminating Programs
Bossi, Annalisa; Cocco, Nicoletta; Etalle, Sandro; Bossi, Annalisa
2000-01-01
We propose an unfold-fold transformation system which preserves left termination for definite programs besides its declarative semantics. The system extends our previous proposal in [BCE95] by allowing to switch the atoms in the clause bodies when a specific applicability condition is satisfied. The
Induced geometry from disformal transformation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Fang-Fang Yuan
2015-05-01
Full Text Available In this note, we use the disformal transformation to induce a geometry from the manifold which is originally Riemannian. The new geometry obtained here can be considered as a generalization of Weyl integrable geometry. Based on these results, we further propose a geometry which is naturally a generalization of Weyl geometry.
Induced geometry from disformal transformation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Yuan, Fang-Fang, E-mail: ffyuan@nankai.edu.cn [School of Physics, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071 (China); Huang, Peng, E-mail: huangp46@mail.sysu.edu.cn [School of Astronomy and Space Science, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275 (China)
2015-05-11
In this note, we use the disformal transformation to induce a geometry from the manifold which is originally Riemannian. The new geometry obtained here can be considered as a generalization of Weyl integrable geometry. Based on these results, we further propose a geometry which is naturally a generalization of Weyl geometry.
Transformation optics and invisibility cloaks
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Qiu, Min; Yan, Min; Yan, Wei
2008-01-01
In this paper, we briefly summarize the theory of transformation optics and introduce its application in achieving perfect invisibility cloaking. In particular, we theoretically show how the task of realizing cylindrical invisibility cloaks can be eased by using either structural approximation...
High-Voltage Isolation Transformer
Clatterbuck, C. H.; Ruitberg, A. P.
1985-01-01
Arcing and field-included surface erosion reduced by electrostatic shields around windings and ferromagnetic core of 80-kilovolt isolation transformer. Fabricated from high-resistivity polyurethane-based material brushed on critical surfaces, shields maintained at approximately half potential difference of windings.
The Weir: Storytelling that Transforms
Karpiak, Irene E.
2008-01-01
Through the acts of telling our stories, writing our stories, and reading others' stories, we become known both to others and to ourselves. Drawing on the theme of transformation in the recent play "The Weir," this article explores the place of story in adult and continuing education and considers how story told by students can break through the…
Calcification Transformation of Diasporic Bauxite
Zhao, Qiuyue; Zhu, Xiaofeng; Lv, Guozhi; Zhang, Zimu; Yin, Zhengnan; Zhang, Tingan
2016-06-01
The disposal of red mud, which is a solid waste that is generated during the extraction of alumina from bauxite, is one of major problems faced by the aluminum industry. Alkali in red mud seeping under the soil may pollute land and water. The Northeastern University, China, has proposed a calcification-carbonation method to deal with low-grade bauxite or red mud. Its main purpose is to change the equilibrium phase of red mud to 2CaO·SiO2 and CaCO3 hydrometallurgically, so that recomposed alkali-free red mud can be widely used. We conducted calcification transformation experiments using diasporic bauxite sampled from Wenshan, and investigated the effects of parameters such as diasporic bauxite grain size, temperature and treatment time on the calcification transformation digestion rate, which is also termed the calcification transformation rate (CTR). The main phase in the calcification transformation slag (CTS) is hydrogarnet with different grain sizes. The CTR increases with decrease in diasporic bauxite grain size, or increase in temperature or reaction time. The CTR reaches a maximum of 87% after 120 min reaction at 240°C. The Na2O/Al2O3 ratio decreases with increase in temperature and reaches 1.5. The sodium content in the CTS decreases with increasing reaction time and is lower than that in the red mud treated using the Bayer process (4-12%).
A Model of Transformative Collaboration
Swartz, Ann L.; Triscari, Jacqlyn S.
2011-01-01
Two collaborative writing partners sought to deepen their understanding of transformative learning by conducting several spirals of grounded theory research on their own collaborative relationship. Drawing from adult education, business, and social science literature and including descriptive analysis of their records of activity and interaction…
One way to Lorentz's Transformations
Bessonov, E G
2012-01-01
The derivation of Lorentz Transformations (LT) based on the Principle of Relativity and dependence of the rate of clocks tick (time dilation) on their velocity is presented. The analysis of different ways of the LT derivation allows to look at LT and their consequences from different standpoints, to make them more accessible to a wide circle of readers interested in the relativistic physics.
Transformational Leadership in Research Universities
Gilmore, Ryann M.
2011-01-01
In order to preserve research integrity, leaders at postsecondary research institutions must utilize transformational leadership behaviors in order to promote a campus culture that is the most conducive to responsible research conduct. In support of this assertion, the issue of research misconduct and its potential consequences for both…
Strategic Transformation of Special Libraries
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘细文
2015-01-01
Under the shocks of digitalization and networking,National Science Library of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(NSLC)has executed the transformation strategy for knowledge-based services,and fully pushed forward the literature information services of NSLC.Supervised by the Chinese Academy of Sciences(CAS),NSLC has established the Literature and Information Branch of Chinese Alliance of
Distance transforms: academics versus industry
Broek, van den Egon L.; Schouten, Th.E.
2011-01-01
In image and video analysis, distance transformations (DT) are frequently used. They provide a distance image (DI) of background pixels to the nearest object pixel. DT touches upon the core of many applications; consequently, not only science but also industry has conducted a significant body of wor
Lorentz Transformation as a 'Complementary Time-Dependent Coordinate Transformation
Ceapa, A C V
2006-01-01
We here deduce Lorentz transformation (LT) as a member of a class of time-dependent coordinate transformations, complementary to those already known as spatial translations and rotations. This exercise validates the principle of physical determination of equations within special relativity theory (SRT), in accordance with the derivation of the LT in Einstein's original paper on relativity. This validation is possible because our LT deduction also discloses the real physics warranting Einstein's manipulations of several equations in that paper, thus proving the correctness of his derivation of the LT. The essential role of the revelation in the act of science then results. Far from being an arbitrary dogmatic construction, SRT appears to be a revealed dogmatic theory that can be turned into a truly physical one like operational theory. Radically new technological applications of relativistic quantum field theories then results.
Transformation quantum optics: designing spontaneous emission using coordinate transformations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Spontaneous decay is a fundamental quantum property of emitters that can be controlled in a material environment via modification of the local density of optical states (LDOS). Here we use transformation optics methods in order to design required density of states and thus spontaneous emission (SE) rate. Specifically, we show that the SE rate can be either enhanced or suppressed using invisibility cloaks or gradient index lenses. Furthermore, the anisotropic material profile of the cloak enables the directional control of SE. We also discuss how the practical issues, such as dispersion and losses, affect the LDOS in complex materials. Tailoring SE properties using transformation optics approach provides an innovative way for designing emission properties in a complex material environment needed for the development of active nanophotonic devices. (paper)
SOCIAL LEGAL TRANSFORMATION OF PAKISTAN
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sohaib Mukhtar
2015-07-01
Full Text Available Pakistan came into being in 1947. It struggled a lot during its initial days. It did not come to consensus to make a constitution until 1956 but later on military regime intervened. It is a drawback of Pakistan that laws and the constitution are not made indeed for its people rather they are made for the selfish elite who come into the power time to time without the support of the people. An unelected person cannot make a law for the betterment of the people he always do things for his own interest. Purpose - To point out weaknesses and hindrances in the social legal transformation of Pakistan and to recommend changes and best possible ways to build a highly social legal transformed society. Design/methodology/approach - The treatise is made taking into account the qualitative approach by looking into the historical prospect of social legal issues of Pakistan and to come to a conclusion to draw a better picture if followed the suggested steps. Findings - The paper includes the review of the history and weaknesses in legal transformation and comprehensive suggested steps to be followed to overcome the weaknesses and deficiencies. Research limitations/implications - The paper is limited to the social and legal aspects of the transformation in Pakistan and does not go into the deep details of politics and culture. Practical implications - Suggested steps can be followed by the legislature to make amendments in laws and to make more suitable laws which is a necessity for the better social transformation of Pakistan. Originality/Value - The research is a good piece and has an importance in its field and may help a lot in the development of the country and the region specially and the world at large generally. Keywords: Islamic rulers of the sub-continent; British India and its laws; Constitution of Pakistan 1956,1962 and 1973. Research type: The said research is a critical analysis on the development and transformation of Pakistan with respect to law
Wavelet transforms and their applications
Debnath, Lokenath
2015-01-01
This textbook is an introduction to wavelet transforms and accessible to a larger audience with diverse backgrounds and interests in mathematics, science, and engineering. Emphasis is placed on the logical development of fundamental ideas and systematic treatment of wavelet analysis and its applications to a wide variety of problems as encountered in various interdisciplinary areas. Numerous standard and challenging topics, applications, and exercises are included in this edition, which will stimulate research interest among senior undergraduate and graduate students. The book contains a large number of examples, which are either directly associated with applications or formulated in terms of the mathematical, physical, and engineering context in which wavelet theory arises. Topics and Features of the Second Edition: · Expanded and revised the historical introduction by including many new topics such as the fractional Fourier transform, and the construction of wavelet bases in various spaces ...
Lazy Transformation-Based Learning
Samuel, K B
1998-01-01
We introduce a significant improvement for a relatively new machine learning method called Transformation-Based Learning. By applying a Monte Carlo strategy to randomly sample from the space of rules, rather than exhaustively analyzing all possible rules, we drastically reduce the memory and time costs of the algorithm, without compromising accuracy on unseen data. This enables Transformation- Based Learning to apply to a wider range of domains, as it can effectively consider a larger number of different features and feature interactions in the data. In addition, the Monte Carlo improvement decreases the labor demands on the human developer, who no longer needs to develop a minimal set of rule templates to maintain tractability.
Asset management techniques for transformers
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Abu-Elanien, Ahmed E.B.; Salama, M.M.A. [University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON (Canada)
2010-04-15
In a deregulated/reformed environment, the electric utilities are under constant pressure for reducing operating costs, enhancing the reliability of transmission and distribution equipments, and improving quality of power and services to the customer. Moreover, the risk involved in running the system without proper attention to assets integrity in service is quite high. Additionally, the probability of losing any equipment vital to the transmission and distribution system, such as power and distribution transformers, is increasing especially with the aging of power system's assets. Today the focus of operating the power system is changed and efforts are being directed to explore new approaches/techniques of monitoring, diagnosis, condition evaluation, maintenance, life assessment, and possibility of extending the life of existing assets. In this paper, a comprehensive illustration of the transformer asset management activities is presented. The importance of each activity together with the latest researches done in the area is highlighted. (author)
Magnetically self-insulated transformers
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Magnetic insulation is the only practicable form of insulation for much equipment used in ultrahigh pulsed-power work, including transmission lines and plasma opening switches. It has not however so far been successfully exploited in the transformers that are necessarily involved, and the first proposed design that appeared more than 30 years ago raised apparently insuperable problems. The two novel arrangements for a magnetically insulated transformer described in this paper overcome the problems faced by the earlier designs and also offer considerable scope for development in a number of important areas. Theoretical justification is given for their insulating properties, and this is confirmed by proof-of-principle results obtained from a small-scale experimental prototype in which magnetic insulation was demonstrated at up to 100 kV. (author)
Static Validation of XSL Transformations
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Møller, Anders; Olesen, Mads Østerby; Schwartzbach, Michael Ignatieff
2007-01-01
no static guarantees that, under the assumption that the input is valid relative to the input schema, the output of the transformation is valid relative to the output schema. We present a validation technique for XSLT based on the XML graph formalism introduced in the static analysis of JWIG Web services...... and XACT XML transformations. Being able to provide static guarantees, we can detect a large class of errors in an XSLT stylesheet at the time it is written instead of later when it has been deployed, and thereby provide benefits similar to those of static type checkers for modern programming languages....... Our analysis takes a pragmatic approach that focuses its precision on the essential language features but still handles the entire XSLT language. We evaluate the analysis precision on a range of real stylesheets and demonstrate how it may be useful in practice....
Speech Compression Using Multecirculerletet Transform
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sulaiman Murtadha
2012-01-01
Full Text Available Compressing the speech reduces the data storage requirements, leading to reducing the time of transmitting the digitized speech over long-haul links like internet. To obtain best performance in speech compression, wavelet transforms require filters that combine a number of desirable properties, such as orthogonality and symmetry.The MCT bases functions are derived from GHM bases function using 2D linear convolution .The fast computation algorithm methods introduced here added desirable features to the current transform. We further assess the performance of the MCT in speech compression application. This paper discusses the effect of using DWT and MCT (one and two dimension on speech compression. DWT and MCT performances in terms of compression ratio (CR, mean square error (MSE and peak signal to noise ratio (PSNR are assessed. Computer simulation results indicate that the two dimensions MCT offer a better compression ratio, MSE and PSNR than DWT.
Good Governance, Welfare, and Transformation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hans-Jürgen Wagener
2004-06-01
Full Text Available Market conforming institutions are a precondition for a thriving and stable economy. This is the upshot of the Washington consensus or, of somewhat earlier origin, the “Eucken hypothesis”. Another hypothesis of Eucken has it that market conforming institutions are the product of a strong state. However, more general and more important than the strong state is good governance. In this paper I refer to it as the “Lorenzetti hypothesis”. The paper tries to figure out the mechanisms by which good governance and economic order influence economic outcome. Then the two hypotheses are tested for two aspects of economic outcome: productivity as measured by GNP per capita over a wide range of countries and transformation success as measured by GNP growth over the European transformation countries. The tests confirm the theoretical expectation that good governance is more important than good order
Asbestos, radiation and oncogenic transformation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In an attempt to clarify the mechanisms of asbestos carcinogenicity, the effects of the interaction between asbestos and gamma radiation on cytotoxicity and oncogenic transformation were studied in vitro in C3H 10T1/2 mouse embryo fibroblasts. The data demonstrated that asbestos fibres, at a concentration which itself was ineffective in inducing oncogenic transformation in vitro, did potentiate the oncogenicity of gamma rays. However asbestos did not appear capable of acting as a promoter when added to 10T1/2 cells 3 days after irradiation. Thus, in the context of the 2-stage model of carcinogenesis, asbestos can be aptly categorized as a co-carcinogen. (U.K.)
Face Recognition using Curvelet Transform
Cohen, Rami
2011-01-01
Face recognition has been studied extensively for more than 20 years now. Since the beginning of 90s the subject has became a major issue. This technology is used in many important real-world applications, such as video surveillance, smart cards, database security, internet and intranet access. This report reviews recent two algorithms for face recognition which take advantage of a relatively new multiscale geometric analysis tool - Curvelet transform, for facial processing and feature extraction. This transform proves to be efficient especially due to its good ability to detect curves and lines, which characterize the human's face. An algorithm which is based on the two algorithms mentioned above is proposed, and its performance is evaluated on three data bases of faces: AT&T (ORL), Essex Grimace and Georgia-Tech. k-nearest neighbour (k-NN) and Support vector machine (SVM) classifiers are used, along with Principal Component Analysis (PCA) for dimensionality reduction. This algorithm shows good results, ...
Rapid Adaptation in Digital Transformation
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hansen, Anne Mette; Kræmmergaard, Pernille; Mathiassen, Lars
2011-01-01
In today’s highly dynamic environments, organizational leaders need to quickly adapt existing approaches to digital transformation. However, without a shared mindset between IS and business leaders, it is difficult to adopt new approaches in response to changes in the competitive and technology...... landscape. In this article, we share insights gained from two public sector organizations in which IS and business leaders used the Participatory Process Model (PPM) designed by the authors to share their assumptions about IS leadership, challenge existing IT strategies and collaboration patterns and adapt...... the organization’s digitization approach. We demonstrate in detail how the leaders within these two organizations were engaged and offer recommendations for how other organizations can use the PPM to rapidly adapt their approaches to digital transformation through more effective IS leadership roles....
Program Transformation by Solving Equations
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
朱鸿
1991-01-01
Based on the theory of orthogonal program expansion[8-10],the paper proposes a method to transform programs by solving program equations.By the method,transformation goals are expressed in program equations,and achieved by solving these equations.Although such equations are usually too complicated to be solved directly,the orthogonal expansion of programs makes it possible to reduce such equations into systems of equations only containing simple constructors of programs.Then,the solutions of such equations can be derived by a system of solving and simplifying rules,and algebraic laws of programs.The paper discusses the methods to simplify and solve equations and gives some examples.
Power System Transients Analysis by Wavelet Transforms
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
陈维荣; 宋永华; 赵蔚
2002-01-01
In contrast to Fourier transform, wavelet transform is especially suitable for transient analysis because of its time-frequency characteristics with automatically-adjusted window lengths. Research shows that wavelet transform is one of the most powerful tools for power system transient analysis. The basic ideas of wavelet transform are presented in the paper together with several power system applications. It is clear that wavelet transform has some clear advantages over other transforms in detecting, analyzing, and identifying various types of power system transients.
Unitary Transformation in Probabilistic Teleportation
Tian, Xiu-Lao; Zhang, Wei; Xi, Xiao-Qiang
2012-01-01
We proposed a general transformation in probabilistic teleportation, which is based on different entanglement matching coefficients $K$ corresponding to different unitary evolution which provides one with more flexible evolution method experimentally. Through analysis based on the Bell basis and generalized Bell basis measurement for two probabilistic teleportation, we suggested a general probability of successful teleportation, which is not only determined by the entanglement degree of trans...
Lean Transformation of Multinational Concerns
Matthiesen, Rikke Vestergaard; Johansen, John
2008-01-01
Abstract. Competitive pressure demands that companies constantly strive to catch up to world class manufacturing performance and practice. Continuous change is a mode of competition for many companies [1]. This is a departure from the punctuated equilibrium model of change in which change is event triggered. This paper reports on exploratory studies from a multinational company adopting centrally managed pilot projects as a transformation mechanism for continuous change towards a lean busines...
Shengze:Meeting A Transformation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2008-01-01
@@ 2008 is sure to be a different year for the textile industry.Having experienced RMB appreciation,cost rising,influence of American financial crisis and fluctuation of export rebates,the industry is looking forward to a turnabout,which makes product upgrading and innovation more and more urgent.Quality,product innovation,prompt response and service once again become the keywords in leading the transformation and upgrading campaign of textile industry.
The dynamics of organizational transformation
Prof. Ph.D. Paul Marinescu
2008-01-01
The present paper aims to emphasize a number of defining elements of the organizational transformation dynamics. The way in which people are prepared to face changes is essential and it adds value to the management teamÂ’'s qualities. The analysis of the business environment, people training, emphasizing organizational values are important factors, essential in preparing for major changes. Un-deciphering organizational contexts allows for healthy strategies to be established, which are necess...
Transformational leadership and employee satisfaction
Mujkić, Alisa; Šehić, Dževad; Rahimić, Zijada; Jusić, Jasmin
2014-01-01
The main purpose of this paper was to carry out an empirical research on whether transformational leadership, in comparison to other contemporary leadership styles, contributes to higher employee satisfaction levels. In total, 399 respondents took part in this research, which was conducted in companies in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Germany. This was the starting point to identify the dominant leadership style in each of the two countries. Using a nonparametric Mann-Whitney test, i...
Affine transformations and analytic capacities
Dowling, Thomas; O'Farrell, Anthony G.
1995-01-01
Analytic capacities are set functions defined on the plane which may be used in the study of removable singularities, boundary smoothness and approximation of analytic functions belonging to some function space. The symmetric concrete Banach spaces form a class of function spaces that include most spaces usually studied. The Beurling transform is a certain singular integral operator that has proved useful in analytic function theory. It is shown that the analytic capacity associated to ...
Technical Transformation of Biodefense Vaccines
Lu, Shan; Wang, Shixia
2009-01-01
Biodefense vaccines are developed against a diverse group of pathogens. Vaccines were developed for some of these pathogens a long time ago but they are facing new challenges to move beyond the old manufacturing technologies. New vaccines to be developed against other pathogens have to determine whether to follow traditional vaccination strategies or to seek new approaches. Advances in basic immunology and recombinant DNA technology have fundamentally transformed the process of formulating a ...
Hardware Euclidean Distance Transform Implementation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
XIE Ying-hua; ZENG Pei-feng; TANG Li-ping
2004-01-01
Based on an efficient algorithm of Euclidean distance transform for binary images, a circuit of O(N2) size is proposed. With in-place calculation, both the intermediate data storing and the result output use the same memory with the input data. This reduces the amount of memory largely. By replacing multipliers with counters, comparators, and adders, the circuit size is further reduced and its calculation speed is improved also.
The quantized D-transformation.
Saraceno, M.; Vallejos, R. O.
1996-06-01
We construct a new example of a quantum map, the quantized version of the D-transformation, which is the natural extension to two dimensions of the tent map. The classical, quantum and semiclassical behavior is studied. We also exhibit some relationships between the quantum versions of the D-map and the parity projected baker's map. The method of construction allows a generalization to dissipative maps which includes the quantization of a horseshoe. (c) 1996 American Institute of Physics.
Social Business Transformation through Gamification
Jitendra Maan
2013-01-01
Being an emerging business practice, gamification is going to the mainstream to enable and transform social business initiatives across enterprises. With the consistent focus on customer behavior and experience, there is a paradigm shift in thinking about how Gamification and Social initiatives together help to increase the engagement level of knowledge worker, yielding better business results. Business scenarios for gamification are wide spread ranging from customer service and support to co...
Reconnaissance et transformation de locuteurs
Genoud, Dominique; Hasler, Martin
2008-01-01
This PhD thesis tries to understand how to analyse, decompose, model and transform the vocal identity of a human when seen through an automatic speaker recognition application. It starts with an introduction explaining the properties of the speech signal and the basis of the automatic speaker recognition. Then, the errors of an operating speaker recognition application are analysed. From the deficiencies and mistakes noticed in the running application, some observations cm be made which will ...
Reconnaissance et transformation de locuteurs
Genoud, Dominique
1999-01-01
This PhD thesis tries to understand how to analyse, decompose, model and transform the vocal identity of a human when seen through an automatic speaker recognition application. It starts with an introduction explaining the properties of the speech signal and the basis of the automatic speaker recognition. Then, the errors of an operating speaker recognition application are analysed. From the deficiencies and mistakes noticed in the running application, some observations cm be made which will ...
Design of Warped Stretch Transform
Mahjoubfar, Ata; Chen, Claire Lifan; Jalali, Bahram
2015-11-01
Time stretch dispersive Fourier transform enables real-time spectroscopy at the repetition rate of million scans per second. High-speed real-time instruments ranging from analog-to-digital converters to cameras and single-shot rare-phenomena capture equipment with record performance have been empowered by it. Its warped stretch variant, realized with nonlinear group delay dispersion, offers variable-rate spectral domain sampling, as well as the ability to engineer the time-bandwidth product of the signal’s envelope to match that of the data acquisition systems. To be able to reconstruct the signal with low loss, the spectrotemporal distribution of the signal spectrum needs to be sparse. Here, for the first time, we show how to design the kernel of the transform and specifically, the nonlinear group delay profile dictated by the signal sparsity. Such a kernel leads to smart stretching with nonuniform spectral resolution, having direct utility in improvement of data acquisition rate, real-time data compression, and enhancement of ultrafast data capture accuracy. We also discuss the application of warped stretch transform in spectrotemporal analysis of continuous-time signals.
A More Accurate Fourier Transform
Courtney, Elya
2015-01-01
Fourier transform methods are used to analyze functions and data sets to provide frequencies, amplitudes, and phases of underlying oscillatory components. Fast Fourier transform (FFT) methods offer speed advantages over evaluation of explicit integrals (EI) that define Fourier transforms. This paper compares frequency, amplitude, and phase accuracy of the two methods for well resolved peaks over a wide array of data sets including cosine series with and without random noise and a variety of physical data sets, including atmospheric $\\mathrm{CO_2}$ concentrations, tides, temperatures, sound waveforms, and atomic spectra. The FFT uses MIT's FFTW3 library. The EI method uses the rectangle method to compute the areas under the curve via complex math. Results support the hypothesis that EI methods are more accurate than FFT methods. Errors range from 5 to 10 times higher when determining peak frequency by FFT, 1.4 to 60 times higher for peak amplitude, and 6 to 10 times higher for phase under a peak. The ability t...
Transparent Model Transformation: Turning Your Favourite Model Editor into a Transformation Tool
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Acretoaie, Vlad; Störrle, Harald; Strüber, Daniel
2015-01-01
Current model transformation languages are supported by dedicated editors, often closely coupled to a single execution engine. We introduce Transparent Model Transformation, a paradigm enabling modelers to specify transformations using a familiar tool: their model editor. We also present VMTL......, the first transformation language implementing the principles of Transparent Model Transformation: syntax, environment, and execution transparency. VMTL works by weaving a transformation aspect into its host modeling language. We show how our implementation of VMTL turns any model editor into a flexible...
An integrable symmetric (2+1)-dimensional Lotka-Volterra equation and a family of its solutions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hu Xingbiao [Institute of Computational Mathematics and Scientific Engineering Computing, AMSS, Chinese Academy of Sciences, PO Box 2719, Beijing 100080 (China); Li Chunxia [Institute of Computational Mathematics and Scientific Engineering Computing, AMSS, Chinese Academy of Sciences, PO Box 2719, Beijing 100080 (China); Nimmo, Jonathan J C [Department of Mathematics, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QW (United Kingdom); Yu Guofu [Institute of Computational Mathematics and Scientific Engineering Computing, AMSS, Chinese Academy of Sciences, PO Box 2719, Beijing 100080 (China)
2005-01-07
A symmetric (2+1)-dimensional Lotka-Volterra equation is proposed. By means of a dependent variable transformation, the equation is firstly transformed into multilinear form and further decoupled into bilinear form by introducing auxiliary independent variables. A bilinear Baecklund transformation is found and then the corresponding Lax pair is derived. Explicit solutions expressed in terms of pfaffian solutions of the bilinear form of the symmetric (2+1)-dimensional Lotka-Volterra equation are given. As a special case of the pfaffian solutions, we obtain soliton solutions and dromions.
Weighted inequalities for Hilbert transforms and multiplicators of Fourier transforms
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kokilashvili V
1997-01-01
Full Text Available As is well known, invariant operators with a shift can be bounded from into only if . We show that the case might also hold for weighted spaces. We derive the sufficient conditions for the validity of strong (weak type inequalities for the Hilbert transform when . The examples of couple of weights which guarantee the fulfillness of two-weighted strong (weak type inequalities for singular integrals are presented. The method of proof of the main results allows us to generalize the results of this paper to the singular integrals which are defined on homogeneous groups. The Fourier multiplier theorem is also proved.
Pulse transformer for GaAs laser
Rutz, E. M.
1976-01-01
High-radiance gallium arsenide (GaAs) laser operating at room temperature is utilized in optical navigation system. For efficient transformer-to-laser impedance match, laser should be connected directly to pulse transformer secondary winding.
Logarithm of the Discrete Fourier Transform
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Michael Aristidou
2007-01-01
Full Text Available The discrete Fourier transform defines a unitary matrix operator. The logarithm of this operator is computed, along with the projection maps onto its eigenspaces. A geometric interpretation of the discrete Fourier transform is also given.
Logarithm of the Discrete Fourier Transform
Michael Aristidou; Jason Hanson
2007-01-01
The discrete Fourier transform defines a unitary matrix operator. The logarithm of this operator is computed, along with the projection maps onto its eigenspaces. A geometric interpretation of the discrete Fourier transform is also given.
Mathematical principle and characteristics of polarization transform
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2008-01-01
The precise definition of polarization transform is proposed from the viewpoint of polarization domain transform for the first time. The mathematical principle,char-acteristics and physical meanings of polarization transform are analyzed. Two typical kinds of polarization transforms which are called unitary matrix polarization transform (UMPT) and diagonal matrix polarization transform (DMPT) are put for-ward. The gain property and the change property of polarization state distance are presented in detail. Thereby,the concept of serial polarization transform is pro-posed. A general polarization transform can be realized by two steps: changing the location of polarization states in polarization domain by UMPT; and expanding or compressing the density of polarization states by DMPT. The result is meaningful to many applications including polarization filtering,detection,enhancement,anti-jamming,discrimination and so on.
THE CONTINUOUS SCHWARTZ-CHRISTOFFEL TRANSFORMS CSCT
Rechea Alberola, Manuel; Basset Salom, Luisa
1996-01-01
This paper shows a method, developped by the authors, to transform series of curvilinear segments, which intersect at angles of non zero magnitude, into real axis, as a complex function transform.The method initiates from the Schwarz-Christofel transformation an generalizes it.. Examples of how to carry out the computations are shown and some new results are presented Rechea Alberola, M.; Basset Salom, L. (1996). THE CONTINUOUS SCHWARTZ-CHRISTOFFEL TRANSFORMS CSCT. III Congreso de Métodos ...
DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER PROTECTION USING MICRO - CONTROLLER.
Darshan D Chaudhary; Arun H Khatr; Jaydip M Parmar; Mitul G Patel
2014-01-01
The aim of the project work is to protect the distribution transformer or any other power transformer, burning due to the overload, over temperature and input high voltage. Normally most of the transformers are burning because of these three reasons; hence by incorporating this type of monitoring and control circuits, life of the transformer can be increased. In addition to the monitoring and control, information about these three parameters can be transmitted to the nearest e...
Performance Comparison and Selection of Transformer Fluid
Lu Yang; Liu Shi Jia
2016-01-01
Transformer fluid directly affects the working state of the components and the cooling efficiency of transformer. There are three kinds of transformer fluid used for electric locomotive, EMU and suburban rail vehicles: mineral oil, silicone liquid and synthetic ester based insulating oil. In this paper, the three kinds of oil are compared from the fire safety, environmental protection, reliability and low maintenance. It provides a strong basis for the selection of transformer fluid. By compr...
Shift sampling theory of Fourier transform computation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
柴玉璞
1997-01-01
The DFT transform us extended to DFTξη transform and the relationship between FT and DFTξη is given by the Fourier transform discretization theorem. Based on the theorem, the DFTξη algorithm-error equation (DFTξη A-E equation) is established, and the minimization property of discrete effect and the oscillation property of truncation effect are demonstrated. All these construct the shift sampling theory——a new theory about Fourier transform computation.
Transformation of Schizosaccharomyces pombe: Electroporation Procedure.
Murray, Johanne M; Watson, Adam T; Carr, Antony M
2016-04-01
Transformation ofSchizosaccharomyces pombewith DNA requires the conditioning of cells to promote DNA uptake followed by cell growth under conditions that select and maintain the plasmid or integration event. The three main methodologies are electroporation, treatment with lithium cations, and transformation of protoplasts. This protocol describes transformation by electroporation. It involves pretreatingS. pombecells with dithiothreitol (DTT), which increases the transformation efficiency once the electric pulse is applied. PMID:27037074
Matrix Fourier transform with discontinuous coefficients
Yaremko, O.; Zhuravleva, E.
2013-01-01
The explicit construction of direct and inverse Fourier's vector transform with discontinuous coefficients is presented. The technique of applying Fourier's vector transform with discontinuous coefficients for solving problems of mathematical physics.Multidimensional integral transformations with non-separated variables for problems with discontinuous coefficients are constructed in this work. The coefficient discontinuities focused on the of parallel hyperplanes. In this work explicit formul...
Controlling elastic waves by transformation media
Hu, Jin; Hu, Gengkai
2010-01-01
We propose a general transformed relation to control elastic waves by transformation method. The derived elastic transformed materials possess the necessary symmetry and they are validated numerically by a rotator and carpet cloak for elastic waves. The method provides a powerful tool to control elastic waves in solid, with potential applications to nondestructive testing, structure impact protection and seismology..
TGGs for Transforming UML to CSP
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Greenyer, Joel; Kindler, Ekkart; Rieke, Jan;
Contest. The second transformation problem, a transformation from UML activity diagrams to CSP processes, i.e. a transformation between two models, is a typical application for Triple Graph Grammars (TGGs). We present our contributed solution, presenting the TGG rules and the implementation of our TGG...
Lattice calculus of the morphological slope transform
Heijmans, H.J.A.M.; Maragos, P.
1995-01-01
This paper presents a study of the morphological slope transform in the complete lattice framework. It discusses in detail the interrelationships between the slope transform at one hand and the (Young-Fenchel) conjugate and Legendre transform, two well-known concepts from convex analysis, at the oth
Holographic Transformation for Quantum Factor Graphs
Mori, Ryuhei
2014-01-01
Recently, a general tool called a holographic transformation, which transforms an expression of the partition function to another form, has been used for polynomial-time algorithms and for improvement and understanding of the belief propagation. In this work, the holographic transformation is generalized to quantum factor graphs.
A transformer of closely spaced pulsed waveforms
Niedra, J.
1970-01-01
Passive circuit, using diodes, transistors, and magnetic cores, transforms the voltage of repetitive positive or negative pulses. It combines a pulse transformer with switching devices to effect a resonant flux reset and can transform various pulsed waveforms that have a nonzero average value and are relatively cosely spaced in time.
Canonical Transformation to the Free Particle
Glass, E. N.; Scanio, Joseph J. G.
1977-01-01
Demonstrates how to find some canonical transformations without solving the Hamilton-Jacobi equation. Constructs the transformations from the harmonic oscillator to the free particle and uses these as examples of transformations that cannot be maintained when going from classical to quantum systems. (MLH)
Properties and convergence analysis of FMmlet transform
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
戴琼海; 邹红星; 刘智新; 王殿军; 李衍达
2002-01-01
The linearity,time shifting,time scaling,and time inversion properties of FMmlet transform are proved,and the frequency shifting property of one of the subspaces of FMmlet transform,namely the chirplet transform is presented.Moreover,it is proved that in the process of FMm let based atomic signal decomposition,the residual signals decay exponentially.``
The Transformative Potential of Counseling Education
Hoshmand, Lisa Tsoi
2004-01-01
Transformative learning and development in adult education, as defined in humanistic and critical perspectives, are examined. The transformative potential of counseling education is explored in this article in terms of: (1) program philosophy; (2) pedagogy and curricular features; and (3) student outcomes. Challenges for a transformative approach…
Linear transformations of variance/covariance matrices
Parois, P.J.A.; Lutz, M.
2011-01-01
Many applications in crystallography require the use of linear transformations on parameters and their standard uncertainties. While the transformation of the parameters is textbook knowledge, the transformation of the standard uncertainties is more complicated and needs the full variance/covariance
Two modified discrete chirp Fourier transform schemes
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
樊平毅; 夏香根
2001-01-01
This paper presents two modified discrete chirp Fourier transform (MDCFT) schemes.Some matched filter properties such as the optimal selection of the transform length, and its relationship to analog chirp-Fourier transform are studied. Compared to the DCFT proposed previously, theoretical and simulation results have shown that the two MDCFTs can further improve the chirp rate resolution of the detected signals.
Transformational leadership and the employee discipline process.
Haddock, C C
1989-01-01
This article discusses what is meant by the term "transformational leadership" and suggests a method of employee discipline consistent with the transformational leadership concept. This nonpunitive method of employee discipline, called discipline without punishment, encourages worker commitment and facilitates transformational leadership. A description of the philosophy and procedures of discipline without punishment is presented, and potential advantages to employers are outlined.
Uncertainty Principles for the Cherednik Transform
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
R Daher; S L Hamad; T Kawazoe; N Shimeno
2012-08-01
We shall investigate two uncertainty principles for the Cherednik transform on the Euclidean space $\\mathfrak{a}$; Miyachi’s theorem and Beurling’s theorem. We give an analogue of Miyachi’s theorem for the Cherednik transform and under the assumption that $\\mathfrak{a}$ has a hypergroup structure, an analogue of Beurling’s theorem for the Cherednik transform.
FORTRAN IV Program for Data Transformations
Goldstein, Donald J.
1978-01-01
A FORTRAN program for transforming raw scores into square roots, natural logarithms, arc sines, and other transformations is described. Any or all transformations may be made on a data matrix of fifteen columns or fewer, and one hundred rows or fewer. (Author/JKS)
30 CFR 57.12085 - Transformer stations.
2010-07-01
... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Transformer stations. 57.12085 Section 57.12085 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE... Underground Only § 57.12085 Transformer stations. Transformer stations shall be enclosed to prevent...
Transformation groups and Lie algebras
Ibragimov, Nail H
2013-01-01
This book is based on the extensive experience of teaching for mathematics, physics and engineering students in Russia, USA, South Africa and Sweden. The author provides students and teachers with an easy to follow textbook spanning a variety of topics. The methods of local Lie groups discussed in the book provide universal and effective method for solving nonlinear differential equations analytically. Introduction to approximate transformation groups also contained in the book helps to develop skills in constructing approximate solutions for differential equations with a small parameter.
Fourier-transform optical microsystems
Collins, S. D.; Smith, R. L.; Gonzalez, C.; Stewart, K. P.; Hagopian, J. G.; Sirota, J. M.
1999-01-01
The design, fabrication, and initial characterization of a miniature single-pass Fourier-transform spectrometer (FTS) that has an optical bench that measures 1 cm x 5 cm x 10 cm is presented. The FTS is predicated on the classic Michelson interferometer design with a moving mirror. Precision translation of the mirror is accomplished by microfabrication of dovetailed bearing surfaces along single-crystal planes in silicon. Although it is miniaturized, the FTS maintains a relatively high spectral resolution, 0.1 cm-1, with adequate optical throughput.
Fresnel formulas as Lorentz transformations
Monzon; Sanchez-Soto
2000-08-01
From a matrix formulation of the boundary conditions we obtain the fundamental invariant for an interface and a remarkably simple factorization of the interface matrix, which enables us to express the Fresnel coefficients in a new and compact form. This factorization allows us to recast the action of an interface between transparent media as a hyperbolic rotation. By exploiting the local isomorphism between SL(2, C) and the (3 + 1)-dimensional restricted Lorentz group SO(3, 1), we construct the equivalent Lorentz transformation that describes any interface. PMID:10935876
Phase Transformation of Nanosized Zirconia
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2006-01-01
The nanosized zirconia was synthesized via solid state reaction in the presence of surfactant. The results indicate that crystal phase of zirconia can be controlled by tuning the syn- thesis parameters such as OH-/Zr molar ratio, crystallizing temperature and time. It can be trans- formed among amorphous, tetragonal and monoclinic phases. The transformation is driven by particle size. The research shows the nanocrystalline zirconia possesses the higher thermal stability compared with amorphous framework. The "glow exotherm" can be observed for the amorphous samples. Otherwise, it is in the absence for nanocrystalline samples. Herein, the reason for retention of tetragonal zirconia is demonstrated.
Bronckart, Jean-Paul; Gather Thurler, Monica
2004-01-01
Comment les sciences de l’éducation peuvent-elles contribuer efficacement au nécessaire mouvement de transformation de l’école ? C’est à cette problématique fondamentale que Michael Huberman a consacré une part majeure de son œuvre, en jetant les bases d’une approche rigoureuse et engagée des conditions de mise en place des innovations scolaires. Construit sur la base d’un colloque scientifique réalisé en hommage à ce grand pédagogue trop tôt disparu, cet ouvrage propose un ensemble de réflex...
Microbial transformations of isocupressic acid.
Lin, S J; Rosazza, J P
1998-07-01
Microbial transformations of the labdane-diterpene isocupressic acid (1) with different microorganisms yielded several oxygenated metabolites that were isolated and characterized by MS and NMR spectroscopic analyses. Nocardia aurantia (ATCC 12674) catalyzed the cleavage of the 13,14-double bond to yield a new nor-labdane metabolite, 2. Cunninghamella elegans (-) (NRRL 1393) gave 7beta-hydroxyisocupressic acid (3) and labda-7,13(E)-diene-6beta,15, 17-triol-19-oic acid (4), and Mucor mucedo (ATCC 20094) gave 2alpha-hydroxyisocupressic acid (5) and labda-8(17),14-diene-2alpha, 13-diol-19-oic acid (6).
Transformation and Modes of Production
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Høst, Jeppe Engset
2015-01-01
modes of production and examine the ways of life that are enabled by the two modes of production. The central questions are around how market-based fisheries management transforms the principal preconditions for the self-employed fishers; and, in turn, why capitalist organized large-scale fisheries......The introduction of private and individual transferable quotas is widely considered to have a negative impact on small- and medium-sized fishing operations. In this chapter, I set out to explore this in a theoretical manner. I discuss the differences in the fishing operations as two contrasting...... are promoted by this type of fisheries management....
JPL Fourier transform ultraviolet spectrometer
Cageao, R. P.; Friedl, R. R.; Sander, Stanley P.; Yung, Y. L.
1994-01-01
The Fourier Transform Ultraviolet Spectrometer (FTUVS) is a new high resolution interferometric spectrometer for multiple-species detection in the UV, visible and near-IR. As an OH sensor, measurements can be carried out by remote sensing (limb emission and column absorption), or in-situ sensing (long-path absorption or laser-induced fluorescence). As a high resolution detector in a high repetition rate (greater than 10 kHz) LIF system, OH fluorescence can be discriminated against non-resonant background emission and laser scatter, permitting (0, 0) excitation.
Novel Micro Fourier Transform Spectrometers
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
KONG Yan-mei; LIANG Jing-qiu; LIANG Zhong-zhu; WANG-Bo; ZHANG Jun
2008-01-01
The miniaturization of spectrometer opens a new application area with real-time and on-site measurements. The Fourier transform spectrometer(FTS) is much attractive considering its particular advantages among the approaches. This paper reviews the current status of micro FTS in worldwide and describes its developments; In addition, analyzed are the key problems in designing and fabricating FTS to be settled during the miniaturization. Finally, a novel model of micro FTS with no moving parts is proposed and analyzed, which may provide new concepts for the design of spectrometers.
Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectrometer
Schindler, R. A.
1986-01-01
Fourier-transform spectrometer provides approximately hundredfold increase in luminosity at detector plane over that achievable with older instruments of this type. Used to analyze such weak sources as pollutants and other low-concentration substances in atmosphere. Interferometer creates fringe patterns on two distinct arrays of light detectors, which observe different wavelength bands. Objective lens focuses scene on image plane, which contains optical chopper. To make instrument less susceptible to variations in scene under observation, field and detector lenses focus entrance aperture, rather that image, onto detector array.
Transforming for a competitive environment
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The essential elements for successful strategic marketing of electricity in the future were discussed. The elements emphasized included understanding the industry restructuring, developing appropriate business and marketing strategies, and confronting transformation challenges. How these elements are being addressed by Central Vermont, the public utility serving customers in Vermont and in New Hampshire, was described. A customer oriented culture, a flexible organization that encourages innovation, a clear marketing strategy based on the company's core competencies, a new business/product development process, strategic alliances, and a sharp eye for what the competition is doing, were considered the most important and most urgent tasks to tackle in order to ensure survival and success
Integral transforms and their applications
Debnath, Lokenath
2006-01-01
Keeping the style, content, and focus that made the first edition a bestseller, Integral Transforms and their Applications, Second Edition stresses the development of analytical skills rather than the importance of more abstract formulation. The authors provide a working knowledge of the analytical methods required in pure and applied mathematics, physics, and engineering. The second edition includes many new applications, exercises, comments, and observations with some sections entirely rewritten. It contains more than 500 worked examples and exercises with answers as well as hints to selecte
Nonferromagnetic linear variable differential transformer
Ellis, James F.; Walstrom, Peter L.
1977-06-14
A nonferromagnetic linear variable differential transformer for accurately measuring mechanical displacements in the presence of high magnetic fields is provided. The device utilizes a movable primary coil inside a fixed secondary coil that consists of two series-opposed windings. Operation is such that the secondary output voltage is maintained in phase (depending on polarity) with the primary voltage. The transducer is well-suited to long cable runs and is useful for measuring small displacements in the presence of high or alternating magnetic fields.
Computing Instantaneous Frequency by normalizing Hilbert Transform
Huang, Norden E. (Inventor)
2005-01-01
This invention presents Normalized Amplitude Hilbert Transform (NAHT) and Normalized Hilbert Transform(NHT), both of which are new methods for computing Instantaneous Frequency. This method is designed specifically to circumvent the limitation set by the Bedorsian and Nuttal Theorems, and to provide a sharp local measure of error when the quadrature and the Hilbert Transform do not agree. Motivation for this method is that straightforward application of the Hilbert Transform followed by taking the derivative of the phase-angle as the Instantaneous Frequency (IF) leads to a common mistake made up to this date. In order to make the Hilbert Transform method work, the data has to obey certain restrictions.
Field approach in the transformation optics concept
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Novitsky, Andrey; Zhukovsky, Sergei; Barkovsky, L. M.;
2012-01-01
An alternative, field-based formulation of transformation optics is proposed. Field transformations are expressed in the language of boundary conditions for the electromagnetic fields facilitated through the introduction of generalized potential functions. It is shown that the field-based approach...... is equivalent to the conventional coordinate-transformation approach but is preferable when looking for specific field distribution. A set of example devices such as invisibility cloaks, concentrators, rotators, and transformation optics lenses capable of creating light beams with predetermined field...... behind infinite components (singularities) of the material parameters of transformation optics devices are straightforwardly revealed....
Performance Comparison and Selection of Transformer Fluid
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Lu Yang
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Transformer fluid directly affects the working state of the components and the cooling efficiency of transformer. There are three kinds of transformer fluid used for electric locomotive, EMU and suburban rail vehicles: mineral oil, silicone liquid and synthetic ester based insulating oil. In this paper, the three kinds of oil are compared from the fire safety, environmental protection, reliability and low maintenance. It provides a strong basis for the selection of transformer fluid. By comprehensive analysis, synthetic ester based insulating oil can completely replace mineral oil and silicone liquid. With rail transport safety and environmental protection standards improving, synthetic ester based insulating oil will be the best choice for transformer.
Status of superconducting power transformer development
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Johnson, R.C.; McConnell, B.W.; Mehta, S.P. [and others
1996-03-01
Development of the superconducting transformer is arguably the most difficult of the ac power applications of superconductivity - this is because of the need for very low ac losses, adequate fault and surge performance, and the rigors of the application environment. This paper briefly summarizes the history of superconducting transformer projects, reviews the key issues for superconducting transformers, and examines the status of HTS transformer development. Both 630-kVA, three-phase and 1-MVA single phase demonstration units are expected to operate in late 1996. Both efforts will further progress toward the development of economical and performance competitive superconducting transformers.
Transformer Model for Transient Recovery Voltage at Transformer Limited Fault Current Interruption
MYO, MIN THEIN
2012-01-01
Chapter1 Introduction||Chapter2 Frequency Response Analysis||Chapter3 Investigation of Transformer Model for Transient Recovery Voltage Calculation at Transformer Limited Fault Condition by EMTP||Chapter4 Investigation of TRV under Transformer Limited Fault Condition by Frequency Dependent Equivalent Circuit||Chapter5 Study of Transformer Iron Core Characteristics at a High Frequency||Chapter6 Conclusion
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
FAN Hong-Yi; WANG Yong
2006-01-01
In Phys. Lett. A 313 (2003) 343 we have found that the self-reciprocal Hankel transformation (HT) is embodied in quantum mechanics by a transform between two entangled state representations of continuum variables. In this work we study Hankel transforms and properties of Bessel function via entangled state representations' transformation in quantum mechanics.
Transformations in neutron powder diffraction
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The major milestone in neutron powder diffraction occurred thirty years ago with the advent of the Rietveld method of structure refinement. The combination of advances in both instrumentation and computing power allowed moderately complex low-symmetry structures to be analysed by powder methods for the first time. Over the past five years there have been further transformations in neutron powder diffraction again resulting from combined developments in instrumentation and data analysis methods. In this paper we shall focus on high resolution, high intensity time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and the impact that this technique has had on our understanding of the structural aspects of phase transitions and phase transformations. The essentially constant Δd/d resolution that is intrinsic to a time-of-flight diffractometry implies that peak splittings arising from a structural phase transition are observed with equal resolution at all orders of reflection, thus maximising the information content associated with structural distortions. Additionally, the fixed diffraction geometry permits the use of sophisticated sample environments such as high pressure cells and special atmosphere furnaces without contamination of the sample diffraction pattern. (orig.)
Digitally compensated beam current transformer
Kesselman, Martin
2005-01-01
The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) is being built by a collaboration of six laboratories. Beam current monitors (BCMs) will be used to record the current of H-minus and H-plus beams ranging from 15 mA (tune-up in the Front End and Linac) to over 60A fully accumulated in the Ring and dumped to the load as a single pulse in the Ring to Beam Target (RTBT). The time structure of these beams ranges from 645ns "mini" bunches at the 1.05 MHz ring revolution rate, to an overall 1 ms long macro-pulse. The requirements for the BCMs will depend upon their location within the system. The need to measure individual mini-pulses, examine the characteristics of the chopper edge, as well as the longer average current pulse of the macropulse, or long duration pulses during Linac tuning place wide requirements upon the response of current transformers. To obtain the desired accuracy and resolution, current transformers must have less than 1 ns rise time and droops of 0.1 %/ms. This places a significant design burden on the cur...
Disformal transformation of cosmological perturbations
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Masato Minamitsuji
2014-10-01
Full Text Available We investigate the gauge-invariant cosmological perturbations in the gravity and matter frames in the general scalar–tensor theory where two frames are related by the disformal transformation. The gravity and matter frames are the extensions of the Einstein and Jordan frames in the scalar–tensor theory where two frames are related by the conformal transformation, respectively. First, it is shown that the curvature perturbation in the comoving gauge to the scalar field is disformally invariant as well as conformally invariant, which gives the predictions from the cosmological model where the scalar field is responsible both for inflation and cosmological perturbations. Second, in case that the disformally coupled matter sector also contributes to curvature perturbations, we derive the evolution equations of the curvature perturbation in the uniform matter energy density gauge from the energy (nonconservation in the matter sector, which are independent of the choice of the gravity sector. While in the matter frame the curvature perturbation in the uniform matter energy density gauge is conserved on superhorizon scales for the vanishing nonadiabatic pressure, in the gravity frame it is not conserved even if the nonadiabatic pressure vanishes. The formula relating two frames gives the amplitude of the curvature perturbation in the matter frame, once it is evaluated in the gravity frame.
Peak Detection Using Wavelet Transform
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Omar Daoud
2014-07-01
Full Text Available A new work based-wavelet transform is designed to o vercome one of the main drawbacks that found in the present new technologies. Orthogonal Frequency Divi sion Multiplexing (OFDMis proposed in the literature to enhance the multimedia resolution. Ho wever, the high peak power (PAPR values will obstr uct such achievements. Therefore, a new proposition is found in this work, making use of the wavelet transforms methods, and it is divided into three ma in stages; de-noising stage, thresholding stage and then the replacement stage. In order to check the system stages validity; a mat hematical model has been built and its checked afte r using a MATLAB simulation. A simulated bit error ra te (BER achievement will be compared with our previously published work, where an enhancement fro m 8×10 -1 to be 5×10 -1 is achieved. Moreover, these results will be compared to the work found in the l iterature, where we have accomplished around 27% PAPR extra reduction. As a result, the BER performance has been improved for the same bandwidth occupancy. Moreover and due to the de-noise stage, the verification rate ha s been improved to reach 81%. This is in addition t o the noise immunity enhancement.
Electromagnetic potentials without gauge transformations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this paper, we show that the use of the Helmholtz theorem enables the derivation of uniquely determined electromagnetic potentials without the necessity of using gauge transformation. We show that the electromagnetic field comprises two components, one of which is characterized by instantaneous action at a distance, whereas the other propagates in retarded form with the velocity of light. In our attempt to show the superiority of the new proposed method to the standard one, we argue that the action-at-a-distance components cannot be considered as a drawback of our method, because the recommended procedure for eliminating the action at a distance in the Coulomb gauge leads to theoretical subtleties that allow us to say that the needed gauge transformation is not guaranteed. One of the theoretical consequences of this new definition is that, in addition to the electric E and magnetic B fields, the electromagnetic potentials are real physical quantities. We show that this property of the electromagnetic potentials in quantum mechanics is also a property of the electromagnetic potentials in classical electrodynamics.
Transformational III-V Electronics
Nour, Maha A.
2014-04-01
Flexible electronics using III-V materials for nano-electronics with high electron mobility and optoelectronics with direct band gap are attractive for many applications. This thesis describes a complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) compatible process for transforming traditional III-V materials based electronics into flexible one. The thesis reports releasing 200 nm of Gallium Arsenide (GaAs) from 200 nm GaAs / 300 nm Aluminum Arsenide (AlAs) stack on GaAs substrate using diluted hydrofluoric acid (HF). This process enables releasing a single top layer compared to peeling off all layers with small sizes at the same time. This is done utilizing a network of release holes that contributes to the better transparency (45 % at 724 nm wavelengths) observed. Fabrication of metal oxide semiconductor capacitor (MOSCAPs) on GaAs is followed by releasing it to have devices on flexible 200 nm GaAs. Similarly, flexible GaSb and InP fabrication process is also reported to transform traditional electronics into large-area flexible electronics.
Model Validation in Ontology Based Transformations
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jesús M. Almendros-Jiménez
2012-10-01
Full Text Available Model Driven Engineering (MDE is an emerging approach of software engineering. MDE emphasizes the construction of models from which the implementation should be derived by applying model transformations. The Ontology Definition Meta-model (ODM has been proposed as a profile for UML models of the Web Ontology Language (OWL. In this context, transformations of UML models can be mapped into ODM/OWL transformations. On the other hand, model validation is a crucial task in model transformation. Meta-modeling permits to give a syntactic structure to source and target models. However, semantic requirements have to be imposed on source and target models. A given transformation will be sound when source and target models fulfill the syntactic and semantic requirements. In this paper, we present an approach for model validation in ODM based transformations. Adopting a logic programming based transformational approach we will show how it is possible to transform and validate models. Properties to be validated range from structural and semantic requirements of models (pre and post conditions to properties of the transformation (invariants. The approach has been applied to a well-known example of model transformation: the Entity-Relationship (ER to Relational Model (RM transformation.
Generation risk assessment of main output transformers
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The loss of large power transformers may have major implications for plant operation, performance, safety, and economics. This paper examines the generation risk associated with main output transformers (MOTs) at a large nuclear station using the Monte Carlo simulation approach. The developed methodology is used for spare inventory optimization and making transformer replacement projections, while taking into account the specific demographics and condition of the transformer population. The transformer reliability is described using a flexible, three parameter mixed Exponential/Weibull lifetime distribution. The results of the study indicate that, due to the long procurement time for large transformers, at least 1 or 2 spare transformers are needed immediately to minimize the risk to the station. Delaying the investment, even for a single year, would increase the risk significantly. (author)
The IHS Transformations Based Image Fusion
Al-Wassai, Firouz Abdullah; Al-Zuky, Ali A
2011-01-01
The IHS sharpening technique is one of the most commonly used techniques for sharpening. Different transformations have been developed to transfer a color image from the RGB space to the IHS space. Through literature, it appears that, various scientists proposed alternative IHS transformations and many papers have reported good results whereas others show bad ones as will as not those obtained which the formula of IHS transformation were used. In addition to that, many papers show different formulas of transformation matrix such as IHS transformation. This leads to confusion what is the exact formula of the IHS transformation?. Therefore, the main purpose of this work is to explore different IHS transformation techniques and experiment it as IHS based image fusion. The image fusion performance was evaluated, in this study, using various methods to estimate the quality and degree of information improvement of a fused image quantitatively.
Automatically Discovering Hidden Transformation Chaining Constraints
Chenouard, Raphael; 10.1007/978-3-642-04425-0_8
2010-01-01
Model transformations operate on models conforming to precisely defined metamodels. Consequently, it often seems relatively easy to chain them: the output of a transformation may be given as input to a second one if metamodels match. However, this simple rule has some obvious limitations. For instance, a transformation may only use a subset of a metamodel. Therefore, chaining transformations appropriately requires more information. We present here an approach that automatically discovers more detailed information about actual chaining constraints by statically analyzing transformations. The objective is to provide developers who decide to chain transformations with more data on which to base their choices. This approach has been successfully applied to the case of a library of endogenous transformations. They all have the same source and target metamodel but have some hidden chaining constraints. In such a case, the simple metamodel matching rule given above does not provide any useful information.
Multiple steady state phenomenon in martensitic transformation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2001-01-01
Based on the basic facts that the martensitic transformation is a physical phenomenon which occurs in non-equilibrium conditions and there exists the feedback mechanism in the martensitic transformation, the dynamical processes of the isothermal and athermal martensitic transformations were analyzed by using nonlinear theory and a bifurcation theory model was established. It is shown that a multiple steady state phenomenon can take place as austenite is cooled, and the transitions of the steady state temperature between the branches of stable steady states can be considered the transformation from austenite to martensite. This model can estimate the starting temperature of the martensitic transformation and explain some experimental features of the martensitic transformation such as the effects of cooling rate, fluctuation and austenitic grain size on the martensitic transformation.
Technological Transformations of Reading Culture
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Albrechtslund, Anne-Mette Bech
relations in the network of writers, publishers, readers, and reviewers. Similarly, the increasing use of electronic reading devices plays a key role in the acceleration of a culture in which the audience engages with cultural works in new ways. The print book has an “easy materiality” (Marshall, 2010, p......The increasing use of social media along with the rapidly developing digitization of the book has led to a range of new circumstances for writing, publishing and reading books, resulting in transformations in reading culture and practices. The social aspect of reading is emphasized when readers...... culture from a perspective on reading as a social and material practice, exploring readers’ articulations of their engagement with book objects on the social websites Twitter and Goodreads....
Solid-state current transformer
Farnsworth, D. L. (Inventor)
1976-01-01
A signal transformation network which is uniquely characterized to exhibit a very low input impedance while maintaining a linear transfer characteristic when driven from a voltage source and when quiescently biased in the low microampere current range is described. In its simplest form, it consists of a tightly coupled two transistor network in which a common emitter input stage is interconnected directly with an emitter follower stage to provide virtually 100 percent negative feedback to the base input of the common emitter stage. Bias to the network is supplied via the common tie point of the common emitter stage collector terminal and the emitter follower base stage terminal by a regulated constant current source, and the output of the circuit is taken from the collector of the emitter follower stage.
Managing Green Business Model Transformations
Sommer, Axel
2012-01-01
Environmental sustainability creates both tremendous business opportunities and formidable threats to established companies across virtually all industry sectors. Yet many companies tackle the issue in a superficial or passive way through increased environmental reporting, the use of “greenspeak” in their corporate communication activities or isolated efforts to create green products or reduce pollution. In contrast, there are a small but increasing number of firms that employ a holistic approach to sustainability and consider fundamental changes to their existing business models. By ignoring the opportunities of Green Business Model Transformations, companies exclude themselves from a large variety of potential means to create economic value. In addition to ordinary product and process innovations, they can change “the rules of the game” within an industry towards environmental sustainability. This can facilitate the commercialisation of new green products that would not be competitive otherwise targ...
Transformation List for SGML Application
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
高虹
1995-01-01
SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language)is an ISO atandard for document description (ISO 8879).The main idea in SGML is to specify document both by texy and by the document's structure without reference to a particular processing system.This kind of document description puts the document interchange into fact.But there are very few systems of SGML that have friendly interface and are portable in may applications.In this paper,various approaches to implementing SGML are assessed and the transformation list for SGML application is introducted.This approach is not limited to specific application fields.It is suitable to any application domain and is friendly to users.Users can understand it without any training and can use it as easily as doing their routine work.It will accelerate the development of the document interchange.
Libsharp - spherical harmonic transforms revisited
Reinecke, Martin
2013-01-01
We present libsharp, a code library for spherical harmonic transforms (SHTs), which evolved from the libpsht library, addressing several of its shortcomings, such as adding MPI support for distributed memory systems and SHTs of fields with arbitrary spin, but also supporting new developments in CPU instruction sets like the Advanced Vector Extensions (AVX) or fused multiply-accumulate (FMA) instructions. The library is implemented in portable C99 and provides an interface that can be easily accessed from other programming languages such as C++, Fortran, Python etc. Generally, libsharp's performance is at least on par with that of its predecessor; however, significant improvements were made to the algorithms for scalar SHTs, which are roughly twice as fast when using the same CPU capabilities. The library is available at http://sourceforge.net/projects/libsharp/ under the terms of the GNU General Public License.
Morphological Transformation from Galaxy Harassment
Moore, B; Katz, N; Moore, Ben; Lake, George; Katz, Neal
1997-01-01
The morphological content of galaxy clusters has undergone a remarkable transition over the past several billion years. Distant clusters at z \\sim 0.4 are filled with small spiral galaxies, many of which are disturbed and show evidence of multiple bursts of star-formation. This population is absent from nearby clusters where spheroidals comprise the faint end of the luminosity function. We present numerical simulations that follow the evolution of disk galaxies in a rich cluster owing to encounters with brighter galaxies and the cluster's tidal field-galaxy harassment. After a bursting transient phase, they undergo a complete morphological transformation from ``disks" to``spheroidals". We examine the remnants and find support for our theory in detailed comparisons of the photometry and kinematics of the spheroidal galaxies in clusters. Our model naturally accounts for the intermediate age stellar population seen in these spheroidals as well as the trend in dwarf to giant ratio with cluster richness. The final...
Social Business Transformation through Gamification
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jitendra Maan
2013-08-01
Full Text Available Being an emerging business practice, gamification is going to the mainstream to enable and transform socialbusiness initiatives across enterprises. With the consistent focus on customer behavior and experience,there is a paradigm shift in thinking about how Gamification and Social initiatives together help to increasethe engagement level of knowledge worker, yielding better business results. Business scenarios for gamificationare wide spread ranging from customer service and support to communities and collaboration.The Paper discusses the characteristics & mechanism to learn from games that are important for businessesto understand and apply. It also gives insights on gamification trends, real-world business challenges andalso describes on how game thinking can revolutionize the business and create an engaging experience.
Differential Privacy via Wavelet Transforms
Xiao, Xiaokui; Gehrke, Johannes
2009-01-01
Privacy preserving data publishing has attracted considerable research interest in recent years. Among the existing solutions, {\\em $\\epsilon$-differential privacy} provides one of the strongest privacy guarantees. Existing data publishing methods that achieve $\\epsilon$-differential privacy, however, offer little data utility. In particular, if the output dataset is used to answer count queries, the noise in the query answers can be proportional to the number of tuples in the data, which renders the results useless. In this paper, we develop a data publishing technique that ensures $\\epsilon$-differential privacy while providing accurate answers for {\\em range-count queries}, i.e., count queries where the predicate on each attribute is a range. The core of our solution is a framework that applies {\\em wavelet transforms} on the data before adding noise to it. We present instantiations of the proposed framework for both ordinal and nominal data, and we provide a theoretical analysis on their privacy and utili...
Millennial transformation for primary care.
Cowan, Michael
2010-06-01
We do not need a crystal ball to see the future. Our web-based future has already arrived in all other aspects of our lives--even our mobile phones. The tools for progress--Personal Health Records, Social Networks, and Online medical information--are widely available. The demand is at hand--Millennials are flexing consumer muscles as they enter the healthcare market. Real "Health Care Reform" requires fundamental changes in practice--which in turn requires effective use of information technologies and adaption to changing consumer expectations. The VHA and the MHS are uniquely capable of leveraging political, academic and technological forces to help move American health care through this millennial transformation. Federal health systems are positioned to demonstrate the value of innovation as America seeks healthcare reform. PMID:20572466
Graphene, plasmons and transformation optics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Here we study subwavelength gratings for coupling into graphene plasmons by means of an analytical model based on transformation optics that is not limited to very shallow gratings. We consider gratings that consist of a periodic modulation of the charge density in the graphene sheet, and gratings formed by this conductivity modulation together with a dielectric grating placed in close vicinity of the graphene. Explicit expressions for the dispersion relation of the plasmon polaritons supported by the system, and reflectance and transmittance under plane wave illumination are given. We discuss the conditions for maximising the coupling between incident radiation and plasmons in the graphene, finding the optimal modulation strength for a conductivity grating. (paper)
Transformation optics, curvature and beyond (Conference Presentation)
McCall, Martin W.
2016-04-01
Although the transformation algorithm is very well established and implemented, some intriguing questions remain unanswered. 1) In what precise mathematical sense is the transformation optics algorithm `exact'? The invariance of Maxwell's equations is well understood, but in what sense does the same principle not apply to acoustics (say)? 2) Even if the fields are transformed in a way that apparently mimic vacuum perfectly, it is easy to construct very simple examples where the impedance of the transformed medium is no longer isotropic and homogeneous. This would seem to imply a fundamental shortcoming in any claim that electromagnetic cloaking has been reduced to technology. 3) Transformations are known to exist that introduce a discrepancy between the Poynting vector and the wave-vector. Does this distinction carry any physical significance? We have worked extensively on understanding a commonality between transformation theories that operates at the level of rays - being interpreted as geodesics of an appropriate manifold. At this level we now understand that the *key* problem underlying all attempts to unify the transformational approach to disparate areas of physics is how to relate the transformation of the base metric (be it Euclidean for spatial transformation optics, or Minkowskian for spacetime transformation optics) to the medium parameters of a given physical domain (e.g. constitutive parameters for electromagnetism, bulk modulus and mass density for acoustics, diffusion constant and number density for diffusion physics). Another misconception we will seek to address is the notion of the relationship between transformation optics and curvature. Many have indicated that transformation optics evinces similarities with Einstein's curvature of spacetime. Here we will show emphatically that transformation optics cannot induce curvature. Inducing curvature in an electromagnetic medium requires the equivalent of a gravitational source. We will propose a scheme
Asymptotic expansion of the wavelet transform with error term
R. S. Pathak; Pathak, Ashish
2014-01-01
UsingWong's technique asymptotic expansion for the wavelet transform is derived and thereby asymptotic expansions for Morlet wavelet transform, Mexican Hat wavelet transform and Haar wavelet transform are obtained.
Linear Transformation Theory of Quantum Field Operators and Its Applications
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
MA Lei
2003-01-01
We extend the linear quantum transformation theory to the case of quantum field operators. The corresponding general transformation expressions of CPT transformations and gauge field transformations are considered as its applications.
Regularized degenerate multi-solitons
Correa, Francisco
2016-01-01
We report complex PT-symmetric multi-soliton solutions to the Korteweg de-Vries equation that asymptotically contain one-soliton solutions, with each of them possessing the same amount of finite real energy. We demonstrate how these solutions originate from degenerate energy solutions of the Schroedinger equation. Technically this is achieved by the application of Darboux-Crum transformations involving Jordan states with suitable regularizing shifts. Alternatively they may be constructed from a limiting process within the context Hirota's direct method or on a nonlinear superposition obtained from multiple Baecklund transformations. The proposed procedure is completely generic and also applicable to other types of nonlinear integrable systems.
A Mellin transform approach to wavelet analysis
Alotta, Gioacchino; Di Paola, Mario; Failla, Giuseppe
2015-11-01
The paper proposes a fractional calculus approach to continuous wavelet analysis. Upon introducing a Mellin transform expression of the mother wavelet, it is shown that the wavelet transform of an arbitrary function f(t) can be given a fractional representation involving a suitable number of Riesz integrals of f(t), and corresponding fractional moments of the mother wavelet. This result serves as a basis for an original approach to wavelet analysis of linear systems under arbitrary excitations. In particular, using the proposed fractional representation for the wavelet transform of the excitation, it is found that the wavelet transform of the response can readily be computed by a Mellin transform expression, with fractional moments obtained from a set of algebraic equations whose coefficient matrix applies for any scale a of the wavelet transform. Robustness and computationally efficiency of the proposed approach are shown in the paper.
CPS Transformation of Beta-Redexes
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Danvy, Olivier; Nielsen, Lasse
2005-01-01
The extra compaction of the most compacting CPS transformation in existence, which is due to Sabry and Felleisen, is generally attributed to (1) making continuations occur first in CPS terms and (2) classifying more redexes as administrative. We show that this extra compaction is actually...... independent of the relative positions of values and continuations and furthermore that it is solely due to a context-sensitive transformation of beta-redexes. We stage the more compact CPS transformation into a first-order uncurrying phase and a context-insensitive CPS transformation. We also define a context......-insensitive CPS transformation that provides the extra compaction. This CPS transformation operates in one pass and is dependently typed....
CPS Transformation of Beta-Redexes
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Danvy, Olivier; Nielsen, Lasse R.
2000-01-01
The extra compaction of the most compacting CPS transformation in existence, which is due to Sabry and Felleisen, is generally attributed to (1) making continuations occur first in CPS terms and (2) classifying more redexes as administrative. We show that this extra compaction is actually...... independent of the relative positions of values and continuations and furthermore that it is solely due to a context-sensitive transformation of beta-redexes. We stage the more compact CPS transformation into a first-order uncurrying phase and a context-insensitive CPS transformation. We also define a context......-insensitive CPS transformation that provides the extra compaction. This CPS transformation operates in one pass and is dependently typed....
The Fourier Transform on Quantum Euclidean Space
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kevin Coulembier
2011-05-01
Full Text Available We study Fourier theory on quantum Euclidean space. A modified version of the general definition of the Fourier transform on a quantum space is used and its inverse is constructed. The Fourier transforms can be defined by their Bochner's relations and a new type of q-Hankel transforms using the first and second q-Bessel functions. The behavior of the Fourier transforms with respect to partial derivatives and multiplication with variables is studied. The Fourier transform acts between the two representation spaces for the harmonic oscillator on quantum Euclidean space. By using this property it is possible to define a Fourier transform on the entire Hilbert space of the harmonic oscillator, which is its own inverse and satisfies the Parseval theorem.
Finite transformers for construction of fractal curves
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lisovik, L.P.
1995-01-01
In this paper we continue the study of infinite R{sup n}-transformers that can be used to define real functions and three-dimensional curves. An R{sup n}-transformer A generates an output n-tuple A(x) = (Y{sub 1},...,Y{sub n}), consisting of output binary representations. We have previously shown that finite R{sup n}-transformers with n = 1, 2 can be used to define a continuous, nowhere differentiable function and a Peano curve. Curves of this kind are objects of fractal geometry. Here we show that some other fractal curves, which are analogs of the Koch curve and the Sierpinski napkin, can be defined by finite R{sup 2}-transformers. R{sup n}-transformers (and also finite R{sup n}-transformers) thus provide a convenient tool for definition of fractal curves.
Nonlinear Bogolyubov-Valatin transformations: 2 modes
Scharnhorst, K
2010-01-01
Extending our earlier study of nonlinear Bogolyubov-Valatin transformations (canonical transformations for fermions) for one fermionic mode, in the present paper we perform a thorough study of general (nonlinear) canonical transformations for two fermionic modes. We find that the Bogolyubov-Valatin group for n=2 fermionic modes which can be implemented by means of unitary SU(2^n = 4) transformations is isomorphic to SO(6;R)/Z_2. The investigation touches on a number of subjects. As a novelty from a mathematical point of view, we study the structure of nonlinear basis transformations in a Clifford algebra [specifically, in the Clifford algebra C(0,4)] entailing (supersymmetric) transformations among multivectors of different grades. A prominent algebraic role in this context is being played by biparavectors (products of Dirac matrices, quadriquaternions, sedenions) and spin bivectors (antisymmetric complex matrices). The studied biparavectors are equivalent to Eddington's E-numbers and can be understood in ter...
Transform methods for solving partial differential equations
Duffy, Dean G
2004-01-01
Transform methods provide a bridge between the commonly used method of separation of variables and numerical techniques for solving linear partial differential equations. While in some ways similar to separation of variables, transform methods can be effective for a wider class of problems. Even when the inverse of the transform cannot be found analytically, numeric and asymptotic techniques now exist for their inversion, and because the problem retains some of its analytic aspect, one can gain greater physical insight than typically obtained from a purely numerical approach. Transform Methods for Solving Partial Differential Equations, Second Edition illustrates the use of Laplace, Fourier, and Hankel transforms to solve partial differential equations encountered in science and engineering. The author has expanded the second edition to provide a broader perspective on the applicability and use of transform methods and incorporated a number of significant refinements: New in the Second Edition: ·...
Generalized Tree-Based Wavelet Transform
Ram, Idan; Cohen, Israel
2010-01-01
In this paper we propose a new wavelet transform applicable to functions defined on graphs, high dimensional data and networks. The proposed method generalizes the Haar-like transform proposed in \\cite{gavish2010mwot}, and it is similarly defined via a hierarchical tree, which is assumed to capture the geometry and structure of the input data. It is applied to the data using a multiscale filtering and decimation scheme, which can employ different wavelet filters. We propose a tree construction method which results in efficient representation of the input function in the transform domain. We show that the proposed transform is more efficient than both the 1D and 2D separable wavelet transforms in representing images. We also explore the application of the proposed transform to image denoising, and show that combined with a subimage averaging scheme, it achieves denoising results which are similar to the ones obtained with the K-SVD algorithm.
Empirical ugri-UBVRc Transformations for Galaxies
Cook, David O; Johnson, Benjamin D; Van Zee, Liese; Lee, Janice C; Kennicutt, Robert C; Calzetti, Daniela; Staudaher, Shawn M; Engelbracht, Charles W
2014-01-01
We present empirical color transformations between Sloan Digital Sky Survey ugri and Johnson-Cousins UBVRc photometry for nearby galaxies (D < 11 Mpc). We use the Local Volume Legacy (LVL) galaxy sample where there are 90 galaxies with overlapping observational coverage for these two filter sets. The LVL galaxy sample consists of normal, non-starbursting galaxies. We also examine how well the LVL galaxy colors are described by previous transformations derived from standard calibration stars and model-based galaxy templates. We find significant galaxy color scatter around most of the previous transformation relationships. In addition, the previous transformations show systematic offsets between transformed and observed galaxy colors which are visible in observed color-color trends. The LVL-based $galaxy$ transformations show no systematic color offsets and reproduce the observed color-color galaxy trends.
The multiple-parameter fractional Fourier transform
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LANG Jun; TAO Ran; RAN QiWen; WANG Yue
2008-01-01
The fractional Fourier transform (FRFT) has multiplicity, which is intrinsic in frac-tional operator. A new source for the multiplicity of the weight-type fractional Fou-rier transform (WFRFT) is proposed, which can generalize the weight coefficients of WFRFT to contain two vector parameters MN,∈ZM. Therefore a generalized frac-tional Fourier transform can be defined, which is denoted by the multiple-parameter fractional Fourier transform (MPFRFT). It enlarges the multiplicity of the FRFT, which not only includes the conventional FRFT and general multi-fractional Fourier transform as special cases, but also introduces new fractional Fourier transforms. It provides a unified framework for the FRFT, and the method is also available for fractionalizing other linear operators. In addition, numerical simulations of the MPFRFT on the Hermite-Gaussian and rectangular functions have been performed as a simple application of MPFRFT to signal processing.
Learning Semantic String Transformations from Examples
Singh, Rishabh
2012-01-01
We address the problem of performing semantic transformations on strings, which may represent a variety of data types (or their combination) such as a column in a relational table, time, date, currency, etc. Unlike syntactic transformations, which are based on regular expressions and which interpret a string as a sequence of characters, semantic transformations additionally require exploiting the semantics of the data type represented by the string, which may be encoded as a database of relational tables. Manually performing such transformations on a large collection of strings is error prone and cumbersome, while programmatic solutions are beyond the skill-set of end-users. We present a programming by example technology that allows end-users to automate such repetitive tasks. We describe an expressive transformation language for semantic manipulation that combines table lookup operations and syntactic manipulations. We then present a synthesis algorithm that can learn all transformations in the language that...
Classification and Powerlaws: The Logarithmic Transformation
Leydesdorff, Loet
2009-01-01
Logarithmic transformation of the data has been recommended by the literature in the case of highly skewed distributions such as those commonly found in information science. The purpose of the transformation is to make the data conform to the lognormal law of error for inferential purposes. How does this transformation affect the analysis? We factor analyze and visualize the citation environment of the Journal of the American Chemical Society (JACS) before and after a logarithmic transformation. The transformation strongly reduces the variance necessary for classificatory purposes and therefore is counterproductive to the purposes of the descriptive statistics. We recommend against the logarithmic transformation when sets cannot be defined unambiguously. The intellectual organization of the sciences is reflected in the curvilinear parts of the citation distributions, while negative powerlaws fit excellently to the tails of the distributions.
Finite Element Analysis of a Contactless Transformer
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jianyu Lan
2013-10-01
Full Text Available Inductively coupling power transfer is an emerging technique, which enables power transfer to loads through air. The contactless transformer is the key component of it, and the design of a transformer is a time-consuming work with a large number of tests. In this paper, a design method of contactless transformer with finite element analysis is presented. First the contactless transformer model is deduced from Maxwell Equations, and the self inductance and mutual inductance computational equations are given as well. Then the magnetic field distributions of contactless transformer with different air gaps are presented by simulation of MAXWELL ANSOFT. Furthermore, the skin and proximity effects are analyzed as well. At last, the results are compared with the experimental results with the same dimension and material. The analyses show that there has a good agreement with each other. So by this method, the design period of a contactless transformer will be shorter than before
Microprocessor Protection of Power Reducing Transformers
F. A. Romanuk; Korolev, S. P.; M. S. Loman
2011-01-01
The paper contains analysis of advantages and disadvantages of existing differential protection terminals of power reducing transformers. The paper shows that there are good reasons to develop microprocessor protection of power reducing transformer which contains required functions and settings and which is based on Belarusian principles of relay protection system construction. The paper presents functional structure of microprocessor terminal of power reducing transformer which is developed.
Microprocessor Protection of Power Reducing Transformers
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
F. A. Romanuk
2011-01-01
Full Text Available The paper contains analysis of advantages and disadvantages of existing differential protection terminals of power reducing transformers. The paper shows that there are good reasons to develop microprocessor protection of power reducing transformer which contains required functions and settings and which is based on Belarusian principles of relay protection system construction. The paper presents functional structure of microprocessor terminal of power reducing transformer which is developed.
General Relativistic Contributions in Transformation Optics
Thompson, Robert T.
2011-01-01
One potentially realistic specification for devices designed with transformation optics is that they operate with high precision in curved space-time, such as Earth orbit. This raises the question of what, if any, role does space-time curvature play in determining transformation media? Transformation optics has been based on a three-vector representation of Maxwell's equations in flat Minkowski space-time. I discuss a completely covariant, manifestly four-dimensional approach that enables tra...
Lifetime estimation methods in power transformer insulation
Mohammad Ali Taghikhani
2012-01-01
Mineral oil in the power transformer has an important role in the cooling, insulation aging and chemical reactions such as oxidation. Oil temperature increases will cause quality loss. The oil should be regularly control in necessary time. Studies have been done on power transformers oils that are used in different age in Iranian power grid to identify the true relationship between age and other characteristics of power transformer oil. In this paper the first method to estimate the life of p...
A Contemporary Consideration of Transformative Leadership
James O. McDowelle
2009-01-01
Although the term transformational leadership was introduced by Downton (1973), the concept did not gain credibility and wide acceptance until the publication of the book Leadership by James Macgregor Burns (1978). Burns, a University of Maryland professor, said that “transformational leadership occurs when one or more persons engage with others in such a way that leaders and followers raise one another to higher levels of morality” (p. 20). Burns contrasted transformational leadership with t...
Experimental Study of Integrated Tunable Transformer
Shima, Hideki; Matsuoka, Toshimasa; Taniguchi, Kenji
2005-01-01
A new tunable integrated transformer topology together with its tuning method is presented. The proposed tunable topology consists of a conventional tapped transformer and a coupled inductor. The phase shift between the input power into the primary winding and that into the coupled inductor was used to control the electrical characteristics such as maximum stable gain, input impedance and quality factor. The new tunable transformer achieved about 3dB higher maximum stable gain and 2.8 times h...
Conformal transformation of tetrads and spin connection
Chakrabarty, Subhasish
2016-01-01
We investigate the conformal transformation of vierbein-Einstein-Palatini (VEP) action in terms of tetrads $e^I_\\mu$ and spin connection $A^{IJ}_\\mu$. The transformation of tetrads is obtained from that of the spacetime metric whereas that of the spin connection is not unique off-shell. When the connection can be completely expressed in terms of the tetrads, its transformation follows from that of the tetrads. We also construct the conformally invariant scalar field in the VEP formalism.
Transformer - type pulse high voltage generator
寺尾, 薫; 高野, 三郎; 入澤, 壽逸
1995-01-01
Atriple-resonance pulse transformer cuircuit is compared experimentally to the well-known double-resonance one. The primary circuit of each are fixed and a turn ratio of the transformer is varied from 1:10 to 1:50 by every 10 turns. The triple-resonance mode shows high voltage multiplication and high efficiency of energy transfer compared to the double resonance mode, particularly at high turn ratio of the transformer.
Conformal transformations and conformal invariance in gravitation
Dabrowski, Mariusz P.; Garecki, Janusz; Blaschke, David B.
2008-01-01
Conformal transformations are frequently used tools in order to study relations between various theories of gravity and the Einstein relativity. In this paper we discuss the rules of these transformations for geometric quantities as well as for the matter energy-momentum tensor. We show the subtlety of the matter energy-momentum conservation law which refers to the fact that the conformal transformation "creates" an extra matter term composed of the conformal factor which enters the conservat...
Transformation of Schizosaccharomyces pombe: Protoplast Procedure.
Murray, Johanne M; Watson, Adam T; Carr, Antony M
2016-04-01
Transformation of Schizosaccharomyces pombe with DNA requires the conditioning of cells to promote DNA uptake followed by cell growth under conditions that select and maintain the plasmid or integration event. The three main methodologies are electroporation, treatment with lithium cations, and transformation of protoplasts. The protocol for protoplast transformation, which is described here, is more complicated than those for electroporation or lithium acetate and thus less often used. However, for some strains, it remains the only reliable protocol. PMID:27037076
Cyclic transformation of orbital angular momentum modes
Schlederer, Florian; Krenn, Mario; Fickler, Robert; Malik, Mehul; Zeilinger, Anton
2015-01-01
The spatial modes of photons are one realization of a QuDit, a quantum system that is described in a D-dimensional Hilbert space. In order to perform quantum information tasks with QuDits, a general class of D-dimensional unitary transformations is needed. Among these, cyclic transformations are an important special case required in many high-dimensional quantum communication protocols. In this paper, we experimentally demonstrate a cyclic transformation in the high-dimensional space of photo...
Quasi-algorithmical construction of reciprocal transformations
Sardon, C.
2016-01-01
Reciprocal transformations mix the role of the dependent and independent variables to achieve simpler versions or even linearized versions of nonlinear PDEs. These transformations help in the identification of a plethora of PDEs available in the Physics and Mathematics literature. Two different equations, although seemingly unrelated, happen to be equivalent versions of a same equation after a reciprocal transformation. In this way, the big number of integrable equations could be greatly dimi...
On data transformations and evidence of nonlinearity
Bruin, Paul; Franses, Philip Hans
1998-01-01
textabstractIn this paper we examine the interaction between data transformation and the empirical evidence obtained when testing for (non-)linearity. For this purpose we examine nonlinear features in 64 monthly and 53 quarterly US macroeconomic variables for a range of Box-Cox data transformations. Our general finding is that evidence of nonlinearity is not independent of the data transformation. Results of simulation experiments substantiate this finding.
Darboux transformations for a 6-point scheme
Nieszporski, Maciej
2006-01-01
We introduce (binary) Darboux transformation for general differential equation of the second order in two independent variables. We present a discrete version of the transformation for a 6-point difference scheme. The scheme is appropriate to solving a hyperbolic type initial-boundary value problem. We discuss several reductions and specifications of the transformations as well as construction of other Darboux covariant schemes by means of existing ones. In particular we introduce a 10-point ...
Controlling elastic wave with isotropic transformation materials
Chang, Zheng; Hu, Gengkai; Tao, Ran; Wang, Yue
2010-01-01
There are great demands to design functional devices with isotropic materials, however the transformation method usually leads to anisotropic material parameters difficult to be realized in practice. In this letter, we derive the isotropic transformed material parameters in case of elastodynamic under local conformal transformation, they are subsequently used to design a beam bender, a four-beam antenna and an approximate carpet cloak for elastic wave with isotropic materials, the simulation results validate the derived transformed material parameters. The obtained materials are isotropic and greatly simplify subsequent experimental implementation.
The Fresnel-Weyl complementary transformation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Xie Chuan-Mei; Fan Hong-Yi
2012-01-01
Based on the newly developed coherent-entangled state representation,we propose the so-called Fresnel-Weyl complementary transformation operator.The new operator plays the roles of both Fresnel transformation (for (a1 - a2)/√2)and the Weyl transformation (for (a1 + a2)/√2).Physically,(a1 - a2)/√2 and (a1 + a2)/√2 could be a symmetric beamsplitter's two output fields for the incoming fields a1 and a2.We show that the two transformations are concisely expressed in the coherent-entangled state representation as a projective operator in the integration form.
A Fast Mellin and Scale Transform
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Davide Rocchesso
2007-01-01
Full Text Available A fast algorithm for the discrete-scale (and β-Mellin transform is proposed. It performs a discrete-time discrete-scale approximation of the continuous-time transform, with subquadratic asymptotic complexity. The algorithm is based on a well-known relation between the Mellin and Fourier transforms, and it is practical and accurate. The paper gives some theoretical background on the Mellin, β-Mellin, and scale transforms. Then the algorithm is presented and analyzed in terms of computational complexity and precision. The effects of different interpolation procedures used in the algorithm are discussed.
Combined Sparsifying Transforms for Compressive Image Fusion
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
ZHAO, L.
2013-11-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we present a new compressive image fusion method based on combined sparsifying transforms. First, the framework of compressive image fusion is introduced briefly. Then, combined sparsifying transforms are presented to enhance the sparsity of images. Finally, a reconstruction algorithm based on the nonlinear conjugate gradient is presented to get the fused image. The simulations demonstrate that by using the combined sparsifying transforms better results can be achieved in terms of both the subjective visual effect and the objective evaluation indexes than using only a single sparsifying transform for compressive image fusion.
Modeling of austenite to ferrite transformation
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Mohsen Kazeminezhad
2012-06-01
In this research, an algorithm based on the -state Potts model is presented for modeling the austenite to ferrite transformation. In the algorithm, it is possible to exactly track boundary migration of the phase formed during transformation. In the algorithm, effects of changes in chemical free energy, strain free energy and interfacial energies of austenite–austenite, ferrite–ferrite and austenite–ferrite during transformation are considered. From the algorithm, the kinetics of transformation and mean ferrite grain size for different cooling rates are calculated. It is found that there is a good agreement between the calculated and experimental results.
A New Definition of the Hough Transform
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
胡占义; 汪威; 等
1998-01-01
This paper's main contributions are three-fold.Firstly,it is shown that the two existing template matching-like definitions of the Hough transform in the literature are inadequate.Secondly,an inherent probabilistic aspect of the Hough transform embedded in the transformation process from image space to parameter space is clarified.Thirdly,a new definition of the Hough transform is proposed which takes into account both the intersection scheme between the mapping curve(or mapping surface) and accumulator cells and the inherent probabilistic characteristics.
The finite ridgelet transform for image representation
Do, Minh N.; Vetterli, Martin
2003-01-01
The ridgelet transform (Candès and Donoho, 1999) was introduced as a sparse expansion for functions on continuous spaces that are smooth away from discontinuities along lines. In this paper, we propose an or- thonormal version of the ridgelet transform for discrete and fi- nite-size images. Our construction uses the finite Radon transform (FRAT) (Bolker, 1987:Matùs and Flusser, 1993) as a building block. To overcome the periodiza- tion effect of a finite transform, we introduce a novel orderi...
Biometric template transformation: a security analysis
Nagar, Abhishek; Nandakumar, Karthik; Jain, Anil K.
2010-01-01
One of the critical steps in designing a secure biometric system is protecting the templates of the users that are stored either in a central database or on smart cards. If a biometric template is compromised, it leads to serious security and privacy threats because unlike passwords, it is not possible for a legitimate user to revoke his biometric identifiers and switch to another set of uncompromised identifiers. One methodology for biometric template protection is the template transformation approach, where the template, consisting of the features extracted from the biometric trait, is transformed using parameters derived from a user specific password or key. Only the transformed template is stored and matching is performed directly in the transformed domain. In this paper, we formally investigate the security strength of template transformation techniques and define six metrics that facilitate a holistic security evaluation. Furthermore, we analyze the security of two wellknown template transformation techniques, namely, Biohashing and cancelable fingerprint templates based on the proposed metrics. Our analysis indicates that both these schemes are vulnerable to intrusion and linkage attacks because it is relatively easy to obtain either a close approximation of the original template (Biohashing) or a pre-image of the transformed template (cancelable fingerprints). We argue that the security strength of template transformation techniques must consider also consider the computational complexity of obtaining a complete pre-image of the transformed template in addition to the complexity of recovering the original biometric template.
Transformational Leadership in Education: Concept Analysis
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Cristina MORA
2012-12-01
Full Text Available Leadership has been one of the most studied concepts in the last 50 years in Western countries but has become a buzz word in social sciences in the former communist countries only recently. Transformational leadership theory is of high interest for social researchers especially because of the argument of achieving performance beyond the expectations that it promises. The present paper is focused on offering a short theoretical framing of transformational leadership and discusses from a theoretical standpoint the possibility of a transformational change of the Romanian educational system starting from the transformational leadership paradigm.
Tensor power spectrum and disformal transformations
Fumagalli, Jacopo; Postma, Marieke
2016-01-01
In a general effective theory description of inflation a disformal transformation can be used to set the tensor sound speed to one. After the transformation, the tensor power spectrum then automatically only depends on the Hubble parameter. We show that this disformal transformation, however, is nothing else than a change of units. It is a very useful tool for simplifying and interpreting computations, but it cannot change any physics. While the apparent parametrical dependence of the tensor power spectrum does change under a disformal transformation, the physics described is frame invariant. We further illustrate the frame invariance of the tensor power spectrum by writing it exclusively in terms of separately invariant quantities.
Low distortion transform for reversible watermarking.
Coltuc, Dinu
2012-01-01
This paper proposes a low-distortion transform for prediction-error expansion reversible watermarking. The transform is derived by taking a simple linear predictor and by embedding the expanded prediction error not only into the current pixel but also into its prediction context. The embedding ensures the minimization of the square error introduced by the watermarking. The proposed transform introduces less distortion than the classical prediction-error expansion for complex predictors such as the median edge detector or the gradient-adjusted predictor. Reversible watermarking algorithms based on the proposed transform are analyzed. Experimental results are provided.
Transforming LEGO for the Digital Economy
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Andersen, Peter; Ross, Jeanne
2016-01-01
To avert bankruptcy, the LEGO Group had transformed itself starting in 2004. As it entered 2016, the company was poised for a new transformation. This time the transformation builds on the strength of an enterprise platform the company developed to provide needed discipline around core business...... processes. The goal of the new transformation is “to become a digital company.” Although the company already looked digital in 2016, management felt it had not become digital—in its products and processes. This case describes the LEGO Group’s journey to become a successful digital company....
Computer-controlled experiments with a transformer
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The transformer is a key device for electrical energy transfer. It displays a unique collection of basic physical phenomena; therefore, the transformer is an invaluable educational resource. With a data-acquisition system, the characteristics of a transformer are obtainable in a short time, and exhaustive illustrations can be displayed on the screen of a computer. The experiments give the students deeper understanding of fundamental physical phenomena and show how physical laws work in power engineering. Learning about the transformer should not be an exclusive privilege of students of electrical engineering; students of physics would also be interested in such laboratory experiments
Strategic business transformation through technology convergence
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Agarwal, Nivedita; Brem, Alexander
2015-01-01
-time intelligence. This paper presents the case of General Electric (GE) and studies the various transitional phases and transformation dimensions that GE is experiencing, to manage this technology convergence. The evaluation of GE's experience indicates that convergence-related business transformation is nonlinear......Technology adoption is crucial for an organisation to remain competitive in the marketplace. Traditionally, two technologies - operational technology (OT) and information technology (IT) - have operated independently from one another; however, technological advancements that businesses......, and that some dimensions and stages of transformation previously thought to be relevant may not be pertinent for successful business transformations through technology convergence....
Embedded Solenoid Transformer for Power Conversion
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
2015-01-01
A resonant power converter for operation in the radio frequency range, preferably in the VHF, comprises at least one PCB-embedded transformer. The transformer is configured for radio frequency operation and comprises a printed circuit board defining a horizontal plane, the printed circuit board...... comprising at least two horizontal conductive layers separated by an isolating layer, a first embedded solenoid forming a primary winding of the transformer and a second embedded solenoid being arranged parallel to the first solenoid and forming a secondary winding of the transformer, wherein the first...
Introduction: Exile and Social Transformation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Paul Allatson
2005-03-01
Full Text Available This paper serves as an introduction to the special issue of Portal on exile and its potential to effect social change. The critical and creative discussions that follow this introduction respond to a particular set of problems. What factors permit and preclude exilic individual and communal transformation? Is there a need to rethink exilic agency in accord with local times, cultures and places, and to refocus attention on exile communal impacts on a host society? And, in a globalized epoch characterized by mass population movements across geopolitical lines, do states and national desires still have key roles to play in the production of exile? There are no straightforward answers to these questions, but all gesture toward the inadequacy of a single overarching definition or description of exile. Indeed, the process of exile has generated a great deal of debate regarding to whom the term exile applies and when. Furthermore, a number of unresolved issues recur in the extensive literature on the topic: the problematic location of exile and its definitional dependency on a home or homeland; the multivalent struggles to attain and maintain exilic voice, representation, memory, and identity on many fronts (individual, familial, communal, national, transnational; exile’s uneasy relation to modernity, the state, and globalization; and exile’s conceptual competition with other terms, such as diaspora, exodus, refugee and migrant. Intended as a selective reprise of these issues and the ways the contributors to this issue have responded to them, this introduction identifies some of the claims that have been made of exile as a space or mode of social transformation, as well as the possible limits of such claims. This article has been cited in the following: Ravn, Tine. Burmesiske flygtninge i Danmark: personlige narrativer omkring identitet, tilhørsforhold og integration. Unpublished PhD Dissertation, Aalborg Universitet, Denmark, 2009. Smith
The transcendent space of transformation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Antonio Ochoa
2010-04-01
Full Text Available The writings of Angela Carter explore the ambiguity of existential states where objects or subjects are not confined to a defined identity. These states in-between challenge deep seated cultural notions about issues from beauty to morality, which ultimately are a representation of the struggle between the constant transformation of nature and the human need to control the passing of time and its inevitable consequence. Carter uses cultural symbols to explore what she calls the «subterranean» areas of human experience. She sees this as a way to access the primary impulses and desires that secretly move our conscious behavior. The importance of ambiguity is the possibility of contact with different states or spaces of being. Thus the importance of limits and thresholds in her short fiction, whether these are mirrors or characters they reflect Carter’s preoccupation with the interconnection between different modes of existence.Les écrits de l’écrivain britannique contemporain Angela Carter explorent l’ambiguïté des états existentiels où les objets et les sujets ne sont pas fixés à une identité définie. Ces états « entre » remettent en question des notions culturelles établies au sujet de la beauté et de la moralité qui représentent finalement la lutte entre les transformations constantes de la nature et le besoin humain de contrôler le passage du temps et ses inévitables conséquences. Carter utilise des symboles culturels pour explorer ce qu’elle appelle les espaces « souterrains » de l’expérience humaine. Elle voit cela comme un moyen d’accéder aux impulsions et désirs primaires qui animent secrètement notre comportement conscient. L’importance de l’ambiguïté réside dans la possibilité d’un contact avec les différents états d’être. D’où la place prépondérante des seuils dans ses nouvelles, qu’il s’agisse de miroirs ou des personnages eux-mêmes, qui reflètent l’intérêt d
Introduction to lethal circuit transformations
Fišer, Petr; Schmidt, Jan
2015-12-01
Logic optimization is a process that takes a logic circuit description (Boolean network) as an input and tries to refine it, to reduce its size and/or depth. An ideal optimization process should be able to devise an optimum implementation of a network in a reasonable time, given any circuit structure at the input. However, there are cases where it completely fails to produce even near-optimum solutions. Such cases are typically induced by non-standard circuit structure modifications. Surprisingly enough, such deviated structures are frequently present in standard benchmark sets too. We may only wonder whether it is an intention of the benchmarks creators, or just an unlucky coincidence. Even though synthesis tools should be primarily well suited for practical circuits, there is no guarantee that, e.g., a higher-level synthesis process will not generate such unlucky structures. Here we present examples of circuit transformations that lead to failure of most of state-of-the-art logic synthesis and optimization processes, both academic and commercial, and suggest actions to mitigate the disturbing effects.
Intercept Capacity: Unknown Unitary Transformation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Bill Moran
2008-11-01
Full Text Available We consider the problem of intercepting communications signals between Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO communication systems. To correctly detect a transmitted message it is necessary to know the gain matrix that represents the channel between the transmitter and the receiver. However, even if the receiver has knowledge of the message symbol set, it may not be possible to estimate the channel matrix. Blind Source Separation (BSS techniques, such as Independent Component Analysis (ICA can go some way to extracting independent signals from individual transmission antennae but these may have been preprocessed in a manner unknown to the receiver. In this paper we consider the situation where a communications interception system has prior knowledge of the message symbol set, the channel matrix between the transmission system and the interception system and is able to resolve the transmissionss from independent antennae. The question then becomes: what is the mutual information available to the interceptor when an unknown unitary transformation matrix is employed by the transmitter.
Prediking: eskatologiese transformator en alarmsinjaal
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
P. W. Bingle
1991-06-01
Full Text Available Due to the interlocking of the old and the new aeon, preaching contains an eschatological tension and it projects an eschatological prefiguration in the existing old dispensation. Preaching the kingdom of God in its eschatological perspective is consequently not simply a matter of supplying interesting data about the last locus of dogmatics and what will happen at the end of times. Proclaiming Jesus Christ as the Eschatos constitutes preaching as an eschatological maturing process. The remembrance of the perfecta fulfilled by Christ invokes the futura which is yet to come. Eschatology offers to preaching an actuality and an existential moment in the timespan of every day. With regard to this, preaching the Word - Dabar - of God, which has an eschatological preference and which is critically associated with the proton as the yet incomplete world, opens a vision on the novum of the kingdom of God. Eschatology also projects an alignment with and a praeludium to the eternal judgement of God. Henceforth, preaching is an act of God’s clarion call to "prepare to meet your God" (Amos 4:12. Proclaiming the eschatological judgement, preaching transforms the viva vox of the Deus loquens to the language and environment of the target audience. The preacher is God's interpreter in the language zones of man.
Trace metal transformations in gasification
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Erickson, T.A.; Zygarlicke, C.J.; O`Keefe, C.A. [and others
1995-08-01
The Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) is carrying out an investigation that will provide methods to predict the fate of selected trace elements in integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) and integrated gasification fuel cell (IGFC) systems to aid in the development of methods to control the emission of trace elements determined to be air toxics. The goal of this project is to identify the effects of critical chemical and physical transformations associated with trace element behavior in IGCC and IGFC systems. The trace elements included in this project are arsenic, chromium, cadmium, mercury, nickel, selenium, and lead. The research seeks to identify and fill, experimentally and/or theoretically, data gaps that currently exist on the fate and composition of trace elements. The specific objectives are to (1) review the existing literature to identify the type and quantity of trace elements from coal gasification systems, (2) perform laboratory-scale experimentation and computer modeling to enable prediction of trace element emissions, and (3) identify methods to control trace element emissions.
Designing Transformations: Schools of excellence
Marie Fairburn, Susan
2011-12-01
For over 50 years, including some form of Space education in school curriculum has become an established approach for inspiring young minds to study the sciences and pursue science-based careers. Space camps and schools are active all around the globe and typically attract the 'best and the brightest' young minds. But the context of Space is broad and all young minds need the confidence and ability to make choices that will best serve them in the world of learning, life and work. Designing Transformations: can the context of 'Space' serve as an inclusive educational engagement model and career skills tool to achieve "Schools of Excellence" (SoE)? This paper presents a case study for democratising space education within Scotland; through a new Schools of Excellence Model, which uses design methodology to convey an educational experience. It further demonstrates how the SoE model proposes the context of Space to dovetail with Scotland's Curriculum for Excellence (CfE) , with particular relevance to skills for learning, life and work to build skills and foster career agility to equip individuals for the new and changing demands of the future workplace. Curriculum for Excellence (CfE) is a new approach to the curriculum, with its emphasis on outcomes rather than inputs.
Transformable liquid-metal nanomedicine
Lu, Yue; Hu, Quanyin; Lin, Yiliang; Pacardo, Dennis B.; Wang, Chao; Sun, Wujin; Ligler, Frances S.; Dickey, Michael D.; Gu, Zhen
2015-12-01
To date, numerous inorganic nanocarriers have been explored for drug delivery systems (DDSs). However, the clinical application of inorganic formulations has often been hindered by their toxicity and failure to biodegrade. We describe here a transformable liquid-metal nanomedicine, based on a core-shell nanosphere composed of a liquid-phase eutectic gallium-indium core and a thiolated polymeric shell. This formulation can be simply produced through a sonication-mediated method with bioconjugation flexibility. The resulting nanoparticles loaded with doxorubicin (Dox) have an average diameter of 107 nm and demonstrate the capability to fuse and subsequently degrade under a mildly acidic condition, which facilitates release of Dox in acidic endosomes after cellular internalization. Equipped with hyaluronic acid, a tumour-targeting ligand, this formulation displays enhanced chemotherapeutic inhibition towards the xenograft tumour-bearing mice. This liquid metal-based DDS with fusible and degradable behaviour under physiological conditions provides a new strategy for engineering theranostic agents with low toxicity.
Natural plasmid transformation in a high-frequency-of transformation marine Vibrio strain
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The estuarine bacterium Vibrio strain DI-9 has been shown to be naturally transformable with both broad host range plasmid multimers and homologous chromosomal DNA at average frequencies of 3.5 x 10-9 and 3.4 x 10-7 transformants per recipient, respectively. Growth of plasmid transformants in nonselective medium resulted in cured strains that transformed 6 to 42,857 times more frequently than the parental strain, depending on the type of transforming DNA. These high-frequency-of-transformation (HfT) strains were transformed at frequencies ranging from 1.1 x 10-8 to 1.3 x 10-4 transformants per recipient with plasmid DNA and at an average frequency of 8.3 x 10-5 transformants per recipient with homologous chromosomal DNA. The highest transformation frequencies were observed by using multimers of an R1162 derivative carrying the transposon Tn5 (pQSR50). Probing of total DNA preparations from one of the cured strains demonstrated that no plasmid DNA remained in the cured strains which may have provided homology to the transforming DNA. All transformants and cured strains could be differentiated from the parental strains by colony morphology. DNA binding studies indicated that late-log-phase HfT strains bound [3H]bacteriophage lambda DNA 2.1 times more rapidly than the parental strain. These results suggest that the original plasmid transformation event of strain DI-9 was the result of uptake and expression of plasmid DNA by a competent mutant (HfT strain). Additionally, it was found that a strain of Vibrio parahaemolyticus, USFS 3420, could be naturally transformed with plasmid DNA. Natural plasmid transformation by high-transforming mutants may be a means of plasmid acquisition by natural aquatic bacterial populations
On the equivalence of state transformer semantics and predicate transformer semantics
Keimel, Klaus
2014-01-01
G. Plotkin and the author have worked out the equivalence between state transformer semantics and predicate transformer semantics in a domain theoretical setting for programs combining nondeterminism and probability. Works of C. Morgan and co-authors, Keimel, Rosenbusch and Streicher, already go in the same direction using only discrete state spaces. It is the aim of this paper to exhibit a general framework in which one can hope that state transformer semantics and predicate transformer sema...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
YANG Lizhen; CHEN Kefei
2004-01-01
In this paper, we analyze the structure of the orders of matrices (mod n), and present the relation between the orders of matrices over finite fields and their Jordan normal forms. Then we generalize 2-dimensional Arnold transformation matrix to two types of n-dimensional Arnold transformation matrices: A-type Arnold transformation matrix and B-type transformation matrix, and analyze their orders and other properties based on our earlier results about the orders of matrices.
Electrocardiogram Signal and Linear Time-Frequency Transforms
Krishna, B. T.
2014-12-01
The diagnostic analysis of non-stationary multi component signals such as electrocardiogram (ECG) involves the use of time-frequency transforms. So, the application of time-frequency transforms to an ECG signal is an important problem of research. In this paper, initially, linear transforms like short time Fourier transform, continuous wavelet transforms, s-transform etc. are revisited. Then the application of these transforms to normal and abnormal ECG signals is illustrated. It has been observed that s-transform provides better time and frequency resolution compared to other linear transforms. The fractional Fourier transform provides rotation to the spectrogram representation.
Transforming Education: For the Love of Learning
Warren, Glen; Manthey, George
2011-01-01
In this article, the authors talk about transforming education that is more than just improving the current educational model. The difference between improving education and transforming it revolves around something that seems too often missing in today's schools: a love of and passion for learning and what can be done with what one learns. The…
Transformations of some Gauss hypergeometric functions.
R. Vidûnas
2005-01-01
This paper presents explicit algebraic transformations of some Gauss hypergeometric functions. Specifically, the transformations considered apply to hypergeometric solutions of hypergeometric differential equations with the local exponent differences 1/k,1/l,1/m such that k,l,m are positive integers
On the Geometric Transformations and Auxetic Materials
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Veturia Chiroiu
2011-09-01
Full Text Available A new approach to obtain various architectures for auxetic foams by using the property of Helmholtz equation to be invariant under geometric transformations is described in this paper. The versatility of the geometric transformations is illustrated in order to obtain the auxetic version from the conventional foam.
A Transformation Model of Engineering Education
Owens, Camelia L.; Fortenberry, Norman L.
2007-01-01
A transformation model of engineering education at the undergraduate level is constructed to define the human and technical resources that contribute to the production of a university-trained engineer. The theory of technical systems is applied in the development of the model to transform a graduating pre-university pupil into a university-trained…
Tracing program transformations with string origins
Inostroza Valdera, P.A.; Storm, T. van der; Erdweg, S.
2014-01-01
Program transformations play an important role in domain-specific languages and model-driven development. Tracing the execution of such transformations has well-known benefits for debugging, visualization and error reporting. In this paper we introduce string origins as a lightweight, generic and po
IT-induced public sector transformation
Van Veenstra, A.F.E.
2012-01-01
IT-induced public sector transformation investigates the organizational changes that are undertaken to transform public administrations using information technology (IT). While IT made governments more efficient, it is unclear whether it will also make them more effective in creating public value fo
Some Penrose transforms in complex differential geometry
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ANCO; Stephen; BLAND; John; EASTWOOD; Michael
2006-01-01
In this article, we review a construction in the complex geometry often known as the Penrose transform. We then present two new applications of this transform. One concerns the construction of symmetries of the massless field equations from mathematical physics. The otherconcerns obstructions to the embedding of CR structures on the three-sphere.
Exploring Spatial Transformation with Social Media
Weitkamp, Gerd
2013-01-01
The focus of this paper is on the potential role of GIS and social media in understanding transformations of space and place. Such transformations have consequences for people's perceptions and preferences of spaces. The complexity and dynamics of the interaction between people and urban space requi
Overvoltage protection of large power transformers
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bak, Claus Leth; Wiechowski, Wojciech Tomasz; Einarsdottir, Kristin;
2006-01-01
transformer overvoltage damage. A simulation model for the entire system consisting of overhead line, transformer, surge arrester and earth grid has been created in PSCAD/EMTDC. Main focus has been put on the earth grid, which has been submodeled in details in MATLAB using an electromagnetic transient...
On the $q$-Bessel Fourier transform
Dhaouadi, Lazhar
2013-01-01
In this work, we are interested by the $q$-Bessel Fourier transform with a new approach. Many important results of this $q$-integral transform are proved with a new constructive demonstrations and we establish in particular the associated $q$-Fourier-Neumen expansion which involves the $q$-little Jacobi polynomials.
Slantlet Transform for Multispectral Image Fusion
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Adnan H.M. Al-Helali
2009-01-01
Full Text Available Problem statement: Image fusion is a process by which multispectral and panchromatic images, or some of their features, are combined together to form a high spatial/high spectral resolutions image. The successful fusion of images acquired from different modalities or instruments is a great importance issue in remote sensing applications. Approach: A new method of image fusion was introduced. It was based on a hybrid transform, which is an extension of Ridgelet transform. It used the slantlet transform instead of wavelet transform in the final steps of Ridgelet transform. The slantlet transform was an orthogonal discrete wavelet transform with two zero moments and with improved time localization. Results: Since edges and noise played fundamental role in image understanding, this hybrid transform was proved to be good way to enhance the edges and reduce the noise. Conclusion: The proposed method of fusion presented richer information in spatial and spectral domains simultaneously as well as it had reached an optimum fusion result.
Characteristics of Mitochondrial Transformation into Human Cells
Kesner, E. E.; Saada-Reich, A.; Lorberboum-Galski, H.
2016-01-01
Mitochondria can be incorporated into mammalian cells by simple co-incubation of isolated mitochondria with cells, without the need of transfection reagents or any other type of intervention. This phenomenon was termed mitochondrial transformation, and although it was discovered in 1982, currently little is known regarding its mechanism(s). Here we demonstrate that mitochondria can be transformed into recipient cells very quickly, and co-localize with endogenous mitochondria. The isolated mitochondria interact directly with cells, which engulf the mitochondria with cellular extensions in a way, which may suggest the involvement of macropinocytosis or macropinocytosis-like mechanisms in mitochondrial transformation. Indeed, macropinocytosis inhibitors but not clathrin-mediated endocytosis inhibition-treatments, blocks mitochondria transformation. The integrity of the mitochondrial outer membrane and its proteins is essential for the transformation of the mitochondria into cells; cells can distinguish mitochondria from similar particles and transform only intact mitochondria. Mitochondrial transformation is blocked in the presence of the heparan sulfate molecules pentosan polysulfate and heparin, which indicate crucial involvement of cellular heparan sulfate proteoglycans in the mitochondrial transformation process. PMID:27184109
ICT in English Schools: Transforming Education?
Yang, Hao
2012-01-01
The use of information and communications technology (ICT) as a learning tool has long been acclaimed as a catalyst for educational transformation. Over the past decade, evidence of good uses of ICT has emerged in numerous studies. While such use promises transformation in supporting teaching and learning, evidence suggests that progress is…
The Locus of Tool-Transformation Costs
Kunde, Wilfried; Pfister, Roland; Janczyk, Markus
2012-01-01
Transformations of hand movements by tools such as levers or electronic input devices can invoke performance costs compared to untransformed movements. This study investigated by means of the Psychological Refractory Period (PRP) paradigm at which stage of information processing such tool-transformation costs arise. We used an inversion…
The absoption refrigerator as a thermal transformer
Herrmann, Friedrich
2008-01-01
The absorption refrigerator can be considered a thermal transformer, i.e. a device that is analogous to the electric transformer. The analogy is based on a correspondence between the extensive quantities entropy and electric charge and that of the intensive variables temperature and electric potential.
Frequency analysis of DC tolerant current transformers
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This article deals with wide frequency range behaviour of DC tolerant current transformers that are usually used in modern static energy meters. In this application current transformers must comply with European and International Standards in their accuracy and DC tolerance. Therefore, the linear DC tolerant current transformers and double core current transformers are used in this field. More details about the problems of these particular types of transformers can be found in our previous works. Although these transformers are designed mainly for power distribution network frequency (50/60 Hz), it can be interesting to understand their behaviour in wider frequency range. Based on this knowledge the new generations of energy meters with measuring quality of electric energy will be produced. This solution brings better measurement of consumption of nonlinear loads or measurement of non-sinusoidal voltage and current sources such as solar cells or fuel cells. The determination of actual power consumption in such energy meters is done using particular harmonics component of current and voltage. We measured the phase and ratio errors that are the most important parameters of current transformers, to characterize several samples of current transformers of both types
The School System Transformation (SST) Protocol
Duffy, Francis M.; Reigeluth, Charles M., Ed.
2008-01-01
This is the second in a series of articles about creating and sustaining systemic transformational change in school districts. The first article described the "AECT FutureMinds: Transforming America's School Systems" initiative for helping state education agencies (SEAs) facilitate paradigm change in their school districts. This article describes…
A STUDY ON JIG DISTRIBUTION CURVE TRANSFORMATION
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
路迈西; 常大山; 郭珍旭
1991-01-01
An investigation of the errors resulted from distribution curve transformations using six different methods was made on the basis of 61 sets of jig performance test data from the coal preparation plants in China. The results indicate that minimum error occurred when distribution curves were transformed by keeping imperfection I constant. Generalized distribution curves are developed for jigs and their applications are discussed.
Rational Landen transformations on mathbb{R}
Manna, Dante; Moll, Victor H.
2007-12-01
The Landen transformation (a,b) mapsto ( (a+b)/2,sqrt{ab} ) preserves the value of an elliptic integral, and its iteration produces the classical arithmetic-geometric mean AGM (a,b) . We present analogous transformations for rational functions integrated over the whole real line.
Transforming Research Management Systems at Mayo Clinic
Smith, Steven C.; Gronseth, Darren L.
2011-01-01
In order for research programs at academic medical centers and universities to survive and thrive in the increasingly challenging economic, political and regulatory environment, successful transformation is extremely important. Transformation and quality management techniques are increasingly well established in medical practice organizations. In…
Characteristics of Mitochondrial Transformation into Human Cells.
Kesner, E E; Saada-Reich, A; Lorberboum-Galski, H
2016-01-01
Mitochondria can be incorporated into mammalian cells by simple co-incubation of isolated mitochondria with cells, without the need of transfection reagents or any other type of intervention. This phenomenon was termed mitochondrial transformation, and although it was discovered in 1982, currently little is known regarding its mechanism(s). Here we demonstrate that mitochondria can be transformed into recipient cells very quickly, and co-localize with endogenous mitochondria. The isolated mitochondria interact directly with cells, which engulf the mitochondria with cellular extensions in a way, which may suggest the involvement of macropinocytosis or macropinocytosis-like mechanisms in mitochondrial transformation. Indeed, macropinocytosis inhibitors but not clathrin-mediated endocytosis inhibition-treatments, blocks mitochondria transformation. The integrity of the mitochondrial outer membrane and its proteins is essential for the transformation of the mitochondria into cells; cells can distinguish mitochondria from similar particles and transform only intact mitochondria. Mitochondrial transformation is blocked in the presence of the heparan sulfate molecules pentosan polysulfate and heparin, which indicate crucial involvement of cellular heparan sulfate proteoglycans in the mitochondrial transformation process.
Inhomogeneous Markov point processes by transformation
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Jensen, Eva B. Vedel; Nielsen, Linda Stougaard
2000-01-01
We construct parametrized models for point processes, allowing for both inhomogeneity and interaction. The inhomogeneity is obtained by applying parametrized transformations to homogeneous Markov point processes. An interesting model class, which can be constructed by this transformation approach......, is that of exponential inhomogeneous Markov point processes. Statistical inference For such processes is discussed in some detail....
Digital Watermarking in Wavelet Transform Domain
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
D. Levicky
2001-06-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a technique for the digital watermarking ofstill images based on the wavelet transform. The watermark (binaryimage is embedded into original image in its wavelet domain. Theoriginal unmarked image is required for watermark extraction. Themethod of embedding of digital watermarks in wavelet transform domainwas analyzed and verified on grey scale static images.
Revisiting Riesz transforms on Heisenberg groups
Sanjay, P K
2011-01-01
We characterise higher order Riesz transforms on the Heisenberg group and also show that they satisfy dimension-free bounds under some assumptions on the multipliers. Using transfer- ence theorems, we deduce boundedness theorems for Riesz trans- forms on the reduced Heisenberg group and hence also for the Riesz transforms associated to multiple Hermite and Laguerre ex- pansions.
A broadband transformation-optics metasurface lens
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wan, Xiang; Xiang Jiang, Wei; Feng Ma, Hui; Jun Cui, Tie, E-mail: tjcui@seu.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Millimeter Waves, School of Information Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096 (China)
2014-04-14
We present a transformational metasurface Luneburg lens based on the quasi-conformal mapping method, which has weakly anisotropic constitutive parameters. We design the metasurface lens using inhomogeneous artificial structures to realize the required surface refractive indexes. The transformational metasurface Luneburg lens is fabricated and the measurement results demonstrate very good performance in controlling the radiated surface waves.
Transformational Teacher Leadership in Rural Schools
Anderson, Kirk David
2008-01-01
In this paper, the author explores the rural school context and its teacher leaders as a third transformational leadership prototype adding to Leithwood and Jantzi's (1999) two transformational leadership prototypes of females and new teachers in the elementary school. The author helps illuminate new understanding of rural schools and their highly…
Subband/transform functions for image processing
Glover, Daniel
1993-01-01
Functions for image data processing written for use with the MATLAB(TM) software package are presented. These functions provide the capability to transform image data with block transformations (such as the Walsh Hadamard) and to produce spatial frequency subbands of the transformed data. Block transforms are equivalent to simple subband systems. The transform coefficients are reordered using a simple permutation to give subbands. The low frequency subband is a low resolution version of the original image, while the higher frequency subbands contain edge information. The transform functions can be cascaded to provide further decomposition into more subbands. If the cascade is applied to all four of the first stage subbands (in the case of a four band decomposition), then a uniform structure of sixteen bands is obtained. If the cascade is applied only to the low frequency subband, an octave structure of seven bands results. Functions for the inverse transforms are also given. These functions can be used for image data compression systems. The transforms do not in themselves produce data compression, but prepare the data for quantization and compression. Sample quantization functions for subbands are also given. A typical compression approach is to subband the image data, quantize it, then use statistical coding (e.g., run-length coding followed by Huffman coding) for compression. Contour plots of image data and subbanded data are shown.
APPLICATION OF WAVELET TRANSFORM IN STRUCTURAL OPTIMIZATION
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2001-01-01
It is very common in structural optimization that the optima lie at or in the vicinities of the singular points of feasible domain. Therefore it is very reasonable to introduce wavelet transform that is advantageous in singularity detection. The principle and algorithm of the application of wavelet transform in structural optimization are discussed The feasibility is demonstrated by some typical examples.
Educational Alchemy: The Transformation of Schools.
Mugits, Michael James
Alchemy is the magical or mysterious power or process involving chemistry, magic, and philosophy in transforming one thing into another. The term is often used to describe the medieval study that sought to transform cheaper metals into gold or silver. "Educational alchemy" is the process by which schools are converted into more effective learning…
Has the Nordic Welfare Model Been Transformed?
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Greve, Bent; Kvist, Jon
2011-01-01
The Nordic welfare model is undergoing a fundamental transformation. Using Denmark we show how a universal welfare state model is gradually being transformed into an emergent multi-tiered welfare state. Whereas the Danish pension system's having become multi-tiered in the 1990s, with private...
Topological Transformation during Normal Grain Growth
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Chaogang LOU; Michael A.Player
2004-01-01
This paper investigates topological transformation during normal grain growth by carrying out a computer vertex simulation.Results show that topological correlation agrees with the models proposed by Blanc et al. and Weaire. Topological transformation occurs more often on grains with some topological classes instead of equal probability on each boundary. This can be qualitatively explained by topological correlation.
Monotonic Weighted Power Transformations to Additivity
Ramsay, J. O.
1977-01-01
A class of monotonic transformations which generalize the power transformation is fit to the independent and dependent variables in multiple regression so that the resulting additive relationship is optimized. Examples of analysis of real and artificial data are presented. (Author/JKS)
Lebanese Cherishing a Transformational Educational Leader
Mattar, Dorine Maurice
2016-01-01
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to find out if the characteristics, traits and leadership style of an effective university leader in Lebanon match those of a transformational one. Moreover, it is intended to shed light on the possible transferability of the transformational leadership's success to the Middle-Eastern society where norms and…
Matrix subordinators and related Upsilon transformations
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Barndorff-Nielsen, Ole Eiler; Pérez-Abreu, V.
2008-01-01
A class of upsilon transformations of Lévy measures for matrix subordinators is introduced. Some regularizing properties of these transformations are derived, such as absolute continuity and complete monotonicity. The class of Lévy measures with completely monotone matrix densities is characterized...
Product Theorem for Quaternion Fourier Transform
Bahri, Mawardi
2014-01-01
In this paper we present the generalized convolution and correlation for the two-dim ensional discrete quaternion Fourier transform (DQFT). We provide several new properties of the generalizations. There results can be considered as the extension of correlation and convolution properties of real and complex Fourier transform to the DQFT domain.
Realization of Wavelet Transform Using SAW Devices
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2001-01-01
Based on the characteristics of surface acoustic wave(SAW) devices, the theory for realizing wavelet transform (WT) by SAW is deduced. Simulated experiment shows that the method of implementing WT using SAW devices has virtues of high speed and utility and is compatible with digital technique. It is important to implement wavelet transform.
Organizational Culture and Institutional Transformation. ERIC Digest.
Keup, Jennifer R.; Walker, Arianne A.; Astin, Helen S.; Lindholm, Jennifer A.
The purpose of the digest is to review the research on institutional transformation as it relates to institutional culture. The discussion of organizational culture's importance in institutional transformation is organized around three primary aspects of the change process: (1) readiness and responsiveness; (2) resistance to change; and (3)…
Local Extrema of Periodic Function's Wavelet Transform
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
FAN Qi-bin; SONG Xiao-yan
2005-01-01
The theory of detecting ridges in the modulus of the continuous wavelet transform is presented as well as reconstructing signal by using information on ridges. To periodic signal we suppose Morlet wavelet as basic wavelet, and research the local extreme point and extrema of the wavelet transform on periodic function for the collection of signal's instantaneous amplitude and period.
Implementing wavelet transform with SAW elements
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LU; Wenke(卢文科); ZHU; Changchun(朱长纯); LIU; Junhua(刘君华); LIU; Qinghong(刘清洪)
2003-01-01
In the design of the finger-overlap envelope according to the envelope of wavelet function, it is concluded that the pulse-response function of the interdigital transducer (IDT) for surface acoustic wave (SAW) is identical to the wavelet function. SAW type of the wavelet-transform element is manufactured. A new method of using two wavelet-transform elements to manufacture the reconstruction element of the wavelet transform is proposed. The sources of the element error are analyzed, and the methods for reducing the error are put forward. SAW type of the wavelet transformation element and its reconstruction element have the following three characteristics: (i) the implementing methods of the wavelet transform element and its reconstruction element are simple, and free of complicated mathematical algorithms of the wavelet transform; (ii) because one of SAW element is fast, the response velocities of SAW type of the wavelet transform element and its reconstruction element are also fast; (iii) the costs of the wavelet transform element and its reconstruction element are low, so the elements may be manufactured in a large quantity.
Hierarchical similarity transformations between Gaussian mixtures.
Rigas, George; Nikou, Christophoros; Goletsis, Yorgos; Fotiadis, Dimitrios I
2013-11-01
In this paper, we propose a method to estimate the density of a data space represented by a geometric transformation of an initial Gaussian mixture model. The geometric transformation is hierarchical, and it is decomposed into two steps. At first, the initial model is assumed to undergo a global similarity transformation modeled by translation, rotation, and scaling of the model components. Then, to increase the degrees of freedom of the model and allow it to capture fine data structures, each individual mixture component may be transformed by another, local similarity transformation, whose parameters are distinct for each component of the mixture. In addition, to constrain the order of magnitude of the local transformation (LT) with respect to the global transformation (GT), zero-mean Gaussian priors are imposed onto the local parameters. The estimation of both GT and LT parameters is obtained through the expectation maximization framework. Experiments on artificial data are conducted to evaluate the proposed model, with varying data dimensionality, number of model components, and transformation parameters. In addition, the method is evaluated using real data from a speech recognition task. The obtained results show a high model accuracy and demonstrate the potential application of the proposed method to similar classification problems. PMID:24808615
Enterprise transformation :lessons learned, pathways to success.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Slavin, Adam M.; Woodard, Joan Brune
2006-05-01
In this report, we characterize the key themes of transformation and tie them together in a ''how to'' guide. The perspectives were synthesized from strategic management literature, case studies, and from interviews with key management personnel from private industry on their transformation experiences.
Automated image enhancement using power law transformations
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
S P Vimal; P K Thiruvikraman
2012-12-01
We propose a scheme for automating power law transformations which are used for image enhancement. The scheme we propose does not require the user to choose the exponent in the power law transformation. This method works well for images having poor contrast, especially to those images in which the peaks corresponding to the background and the foreground are not widely separated.
Optimization Criteria of Power Transformer Operation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. A. Gonchar
2006-01-01
Full Text Available It has been shown that minimum losses in active power of a power transformer do not correspond to its maximum efficiency. For a transformer being operated there are no so called «zones of its economical operation». In this case strictly specified value of active power losses corresponds to a particular current of the winding.
The Absorption Refrigerator as a Thermal Transformer
Herrmann, F.
2009-01-01
The absorption refrigerator can be considered a thermal transformer, that is, a device that is analogous to the electric transformer. The analogy is based on the correspondence between the extensive quantities, entropy and electric charge and the intensive variables, temperature and electric potential. (Contains 1 footnote and 6 figures.)
Non-Associativity of Lorentz Transformation and Associative Reciprocal Symmetric Transformation
Ahmad, Mushfiq; Alam, Muhammad Shah
2014-01-01
Lorentz transformation is not associative. The non-associativity makes it frame dependent; and it does not fulfill relativistic requirements including reciprocity principle. The non associativity also leads to ambiguities when three or more velocities are involved. We have proposed an associative Reciprocal Symmetric Transformation (RST) to replace Lorentz transformation. RST is complex and is compatible with Pauli and Dirac algebra.