WorldWideScience

Sample records for bacon

  1. Debunking Bacon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clegg, Brian

    2014-06-01

    A legend, a man ahead of his time or an overrated insignificance? These three historical portrayals of Roger Bacon should be put to rest, argues Brian Clegg, who travels to Oxford to uncover the medieval philosopher's true identity.

  2. Francis Bacon's behavioral psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacDonald, Paul S

    2007-01-01

    Francis Bacon offers two accounts of the nature and function of the human mind: one is a medical-physical account of the composition and operation of spirits specific to human beings, the other is a behavioral account of the character and activities of individual persons. The medical-physical account is a run-of-the-mill version of the late Renaissance model of elemental constituents and humoral temperaments. The other, less well-known, behavioral account represents an unusual position in early modern philosophy. This theory espouses a form of behavioral psychology according to which (a) supposed mental properties are "hidden forms" best described in dispositional terms, (b) the true character of an individual can be discovered in his observable behavior, and (c) an "informed" understanding of these properties permits the prediction and control of human behavior. Both of Bacon's theories of human nature fall under his general notion of systematic science: his medical-physical theory of vital spirits is theoretical natural philosophy and his behavioral theory of disposition and expression is operative natural philosophy. Because natural philosophy as a whole is "the inquiry of causes and the production of effects," knowledge of human nature falls under the same two-part definition. It is an inquisition of forms that pertains to the patterns of minute motions in the vital spirits and the production of effects that pertains both to the way these hidden motions produce behavioral effects and to the way in which a skillful agent is able to produce desired effects in other persons' behavior.

  3. Poetic and Francis Bacon's Ambivalence toward Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pribble, Paula Tompkins

    Just as rhetoric is a way of knowing, so is poetic, both of which, for Francis Bacon, produce false knowledge. But Bacon is not entirely negative. When the poetic elements of language are used in strategic and public communication, like the scholarly communication Bacon attempts to reform, poetic and rhetoric work together to create a plurality of…

  4. Kevin Bacon and Graph Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hopkins, Brian

    2004-01-01

    The interconnected world of actors and movies is a familiar, rich example for graph theory. This paper gives the history of the "Kevin Bacon Game" and makes extensive use of a Web site to analyze the underlying graph. The main content is the classroom development of the weighted average to determine the best choice of "center" for the graph. The…

  5. 9 CFR 319.107 - Bacon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Bacon. 319.107 Section 319.107 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION... Bacon. The weight of cured pork bellies ready for slicing and labeling as “Bacon” shall not exceed...

  6. Francis Bacon On Understanding, Reason and Rhetoric

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, Karl R.

    1971-01-01

    Bacon's views of the faculties of understanding and reason are presented and explained in reference to Baconian rhetoric. Understanding, Rhetoric, Insinuative and Imaginative Reason are defined. (Author/MS)

  7. Francis Bacon and the Technology of Style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Christopher

    1983-01-01

    Examines Francis Bacon's intentionally devised style for scientific writings and the theoretical basis of that style. Discusses his emphasis on a truly objective point of view, and his use of aphorisms to adapt to his audience. (HTH)

  8. Bringing Home the “Danish” Bacon

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Higgins, David M.; Mordhorst, Mads

    2015-01-01

    and early twentieth centuries. We argue that this supremacy required state intervention and cooperation between government and producers to underpin high and consistent levels of quality throughout the supply chain, both of which were necessary to ensure the successful marketing of “Danish” bacon......A substantial literature documents the importance of trademarks and brands to business success. How does this relationship change when we enlarge our focus from individual firms to industries and nations? This articles examines the dominance of Danish bacon in Britain between the late nineteenth....... In Britain, by contrast, state intervention to increase bacon production was only partially successful because it was undermined by a nineteenth-century legacy of uncoordination and deregulation. Such weaknesses affected the supply of appropriate pigs and the production of bacon that was uniform in quality...

  9. 48 CFR 22.403-1 - Davis-Bacon Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Davis-Bacon Act. 22.403-1 Section 22.403-1 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION SOCIOECONOMIC... Construction 22.403-1 Davis-Bacon Act. The Davis-Bacon Act (40 U.S.C. 3141 et seq.) provides that contracts...

  10. Bacon Production: Evaluating Potential Processing and Management Practices to Improve Product Quality of Industrial Sliced Bacon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scramlin, Stacy Maurine

    2009-01-01

    The objective of this research was to determine areas of improvement to bacon production. The first trial was conducted to determine differences in belly and bacon quality traits in pigs fed ractopamine (RAC) for various durations during finishing. A 2x3x2 factorial arrangement was used with barrows and gilts, fed RAC levels of 0.0, 5.0, or 7.4…

  11. 45 CFR 2543.83 - Davis-Bacon Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Davis-Bacon Act. 2543.83 Section 2543.83 Public... ORGANIZATIONS Statutory Compliance § 2543.83 Davis-Bacon Act. When required by Federal program legislation, all... for compliance with the Davis-Bacon Act (40 U.S.C. 276a to a-7) and as supplemented by Department...

  12. 45 CFR 1309.54 - Davis-Bacon Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Davis-Bacon Act. 1309.54 Section 1309.54 Public... Renovation § 1309.54 Davis-Bacon Act. Construction and renovation projects and subcontracts financed with funds awarded under the Head Start program are subject to the Davis-Bacon Act (40 U.S.C. 276a et...

  13. Francis Bacon and the classification of natural history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anstey, Peter

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyses the place of natural history within Bacon's divisions of the sciences in The Advancement of Learning (1605) and the later De dignitate et augmentis scientiarum (1623). It is shown that at various points in Bacon's divisions, natural history converges or overlaps with natural philosophy, and that, for Bacon, natural history and natural philosophy are not discrete disciplines. Furthermore, it is argued that Bacon's distinction between operative and speculative natural philosophy and the place of natural history within this distinction, are discontinuous with the later distinction between experimental and speculative philosophy that emerged in the methodology of the Fellows of the early Royal Society.

  14. Ethical traceability in the bacon supply chain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2008-01-01

    The chapter describes how Danish consumers feel a need for more information about bacon production practices,especially about some of the invisible attributes, such as origin, use of medicine and animal welfare, even though there is a long tradition for highly developed traceability systems. Trac....... Traceability is reactive in this chain and is not intended to transmit information on the safety, production practices or quality of the final product proactively downstream to firms or end consumers....

  15. Physics of the Bacon Internal Resonator Banjo

    CERN Document Server

    Politzer, David

    2016-01-01

    The internal resonator banjo, patented and first sold by Fred Bacon around 1906, remains something of a cult favorite and is still produced by some independent luthiers. According to enthusiasts, the characteristic design elements produce a sound that is mellower, richer, and of greater complexity and presence than without them. Aspects of that sound are studied here, comparing instruments that are otherwise identical and identifying physics mechanisms that are likely responsible.

  16. "THE BACON" Not "the Bacon": How Children and Adults Understand Accented and Unaccented Noun Phrases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, Jennifer E.

    2008-01-01

    Two eye-tracking experiments examine whether adults and 4- and 5-year-old children use the presence or absence of accenting to guide their interpretation of noun phrases (e.g., "the bacon") with respect to the discourse context. Unaccented nouns tend to refer to contextually accessible referents, while accented variants tend to be used for less…

  17. An Interactive Simulation Tool for Production Planning in Bacon Factories

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jens Frederik Dalsgaard; Nielsen, Kirsten Mølgaard

    1994-01-01

    The paper describes an interactive simulation tool for production planning in bacon factories. The main aim of the tool is to make it possible to combine the production plans of all parts of the factory......The paper describes an interactive simulation tool for production planning in bacon factories. The main aim of the tool is to make it possible to combine the production plans of all parts of the factory...

  18. Survival of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus during commercial heat treatment of slab bacon and consumer preparation of sliced bacon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Jonathan A; Dickson, James S; Cordray, Joseph C; Olson, Dennis; Mendonca, Aubrey F; Prusa, Kenneth J

    2014-01-01

    With the knowledge that retail pork products may be contaminated with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), the risk of consumers contracting a MRSA infection or foodborne illness from processed meats, especially bacon, is uncertain. Therefore, a study was designed to investigate the survival of MRSA during heat treatment of slab bacon at a commercial process and during cooking of sliced bacon at the consumer level. Fresh pork bellies were injected with a curing solution, inoculated, and heat treated to an internal temperature of 52°C. Three commercial brands of sliced bacon with similar "sell by" dates and fat-to-lean ratios were also inoculated and cooked at a temperature of 177°C for 0, 2, and 5 min on each side. Heat-treated slab bacon showed a log reduction of 1.89, which was significant (P bacon had a reduction of viable MRSA cells of >6.5 log CFU/cm(2), and there was not a significant brand interaction (P > 0.05).

  19. A Graphical Interactive Simulation Environment for Production Planning in Bacon Factories

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kirsten Mølgaard; Nielsen, Jens Frederik Dalsgaard

    1994-01-01

    The paper describes a graphical interactive simulation tool for production planning in bacon factories........The paper describes a graphical interactive simulation tool for production planning in bacon factories.....

  20. 29 CFR 5.22 - Effect of the Davis-Bacon fringe benefits provisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Effect of the Davis-Bacon fringe benefits provisions. 5.22... Fringe Benefits Provisions of the Davis-Bacon Act § 5.22 Effect of the Davis-Bacon fringe benefits provisions. The Davis-Bacon Act and the prevailing wage provisions of the related statutes listed in § 1.1...

  1. Francis Bacon: The Real's Brutality. The Figure and the Other

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guido Mannucci

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Getting in front of painting by Francis Bacon touches you deeply. I’m talking about aesthetics, sensations: resounding flow that strikes abruptly, making futile any search for meaning. Francis Bacon circumvents the figurative, the meaning, he aims to the figural: to feelings, not words. Beauty, in his paintings, shows itself in the peaceful union of the positive and of its contrary; if the negative wasn’t there, though, his paintings wouldn’t exude such a brutal sense of reality. This essay investigates the figure of Francis Bacon and the spectator – the Other – as he tries to confront the painting. Bacon will be analysed using a purely phenomenological approach, with references that range from Merleau-Ponty to Martin Heidegger; the meeting-collision between the spectator and the painting, instead, will be examined taking inspiration from the Winnicott’s thesis on the relationship between Bacon and mirrors in the painter’s childhood. In order to take distance from Winnicott’s psychoanalytical approach, this essay will focus on the relationship between spectator and painting from a more anthropological point of view. 

  2. 40 CFR 35.935-5 - Davis-Bacon and related statutes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Davis-Bacon and related statutes. 35... § 35.935-5 Davis-Bacon and related statutes. Before soliciting bids or proposals for step 3-type work, the grantee must consult with the Regional Administrator concerning compliance with Davis-Bacon...

  3. 24 CFR 906.37 - Davis-Bacon and HUD wage rate requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Davis-Bacon and HUD wage rate... URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAMS Program Administration § 906.37 Davis-Bacon and... by the PHA, pursuant to § 906.7. Davis-Bacon or HUD-determined wage rates apply as follows:...

  4. 46 CFR Sec. 14 - Anti-Kickback and Davis-Bacon Acts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Anti-Kickback and Davis-Bacon Acts. Sec. 14 Section 14... Sec. 14 Anti-Kickback and Davis-Bacon Acts. (a) All work awarded under the NSA-LUMPSUMREP Contract is...-Bacon Act (except in those cases where the Invitations for Bids or job order state that the work...

  5. 77 FR 29982 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Davis Bacon Act-Price Adjustment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-21

    ... Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Davis Bacon Act-Price Adjustment (Actual Method) AGENCY: Department of... previously approved information collection requirement concerning the Davis-Bacon Act price adjustment... Bacon Act-Price Adjustment (Actual Method), by any of the following methods: Regulations.gov :...

  6. 48 CFR 52.222-5 - Davis-Bacon Act-Secondary Site of the Work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Davis-Bacon Act-Secondary... Clauses 52.222-5 Davis-Bacon Act—Secondary Site of the Work. As prescribed in 22.407(h), insert the following provision: Davis-Bacon Act—Secondary Site of the Work (JUL 2005) (a)(1) The offeror shall...

  7. 48 CFR 52.222-32 - Davis-Bacon Act-Price Adjustment (Actual Method).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Davis-Bacon Act-Price... Provisions and Clauses 52.222-32 Davis-Bacon Act—Price Adjustment (Actual Method). As prescribed in 22.407(g), insert the following clause: Davis-Bacon Act—Price Adjustment (Actual Method) (DEC 2001) (a) The...

  8. 48 CFR 52.222-31 - Davis-Bacon Act-Price Adjustment (Percentage Method).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Davis-Bacon Act-Price... Provisions and Clauses 52.222-31 Davis-Bacon Act—Price Adjustment (Percentage Method). As prescribed in 22.407(f), insert the following clause: Davis-Bacon Act—Price Adjustment (Percentage Method) (DEC...

  9. 48 CFR 52.222-13 - Compliance with Davis-Bacon and Related Act Regulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...-Bacon and Related Act Regulations. 52.222-13 Section 52.222-13 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... Text of Provisions and Clauses 52.222-13 Compliance with Davis-Bacon and Related Act Regulations. As prescribed in 22.407(a), insert the following clause: Compliance With Davis-Bacon and Related Act...

  10. 10 CFR 455.112 - Davis-Bacon wage rate requirement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Davis-Bacon wage rate requirement. 455.112 Section 455.112... Institutions and Coordinating Agencies § 455.112 Davis-Bacon wage rate requirement. When an energy conservation... wage rates determined by the Secretary of Labor in accordance with the Davis-Bacon Act (40 U.S.C....

  11. 77 FR 13328 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; Davis Bacon Act-Price Adjustment (Actual...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-06

    ... Regulation; Information Collection; Davis Bacon Act--Price Adjustment (Actual Method) AGENCY: Department of... previously approved information collection requirement concerning the Davis-Bacon Act price adjustment... comments identified by Information Collection 9000- 0154, Davis Bacon Act--Price Adjustment (Actual...

  12. 76 FR 76438 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Davis-Bacon...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-07

    ...; Davis-Bacon Certified Payroll ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Department of Labor (DOL) is submitting the Wage and Hour Division (WHD) sponsored information collection request (ICR) titled, ``Davis-Bacon... mechanic has been paid not less than the proper Davis-Bacon prevailing wage rate for the work performed....

  13. On the affinities between Bacon's philosophy and skepticism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz A. A. Eva

    Full Text Available This text aims at examining the relations between Bacon's reflections on the limits of our faculties and philosophical skepticism - a theme not so dominant in the most recent literature, despite the many references to that philosophy. Even though these references seem at first sight somewhat vague and imprecise, we came to the conclusion that not only a close exam can reveal the relevance of the theme in regard to the comprehension of Bacon's own philosophy, but also show his interest in contemporary skeptical literature. The distinctive features of his own interpretation seem to anticipate how skepticism is to be understood by future philosophers as Hume, for instance.

  14. "Bacon Brains": Video Games for Teaching the Science of Addiction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epstein, Joel; Noel, Jeffrey; Finnegan, Megan; Watkins, Kate

    2016-01-01

    Researchers have developed many different computerized interventions designed to teach students about the dangers of substance use. Following in this tradition, we produced a series of video games called "Bacon Brains." However, unlike many other programs, ours focused on the "Science of Addiction," providing lessons on how…

  15. Barbara Thayer-Bacon on Knowers and the Known

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKenzie, Jim

    2002-01-01

    Barbara Thayer-Bacon (1999) objects to the minimum proficiency examinations that are mandated for school students in Ohio. Similar tests are required by, or are under consideration by, governments in many other parts of the world. Various writers have objected to one or other of these tests by arguing that they are crude, invalid, unreliable,…

  16. The Davis-Bacon Act: An Appraisal of Recent Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldfarb, Robert S.; Morrall, John F., III

    1981-01-01

    Reviews the Davis-Bacon Act, including how its wage determinations compare to local construction wages as measured by sources other than the act's administrators; the effects of lags in the act's data-gathering process; and the savings that would result from changing the way prevailing rates are calculated. (CT)

  17. Francis Bacon and the Historiography of Scientific Rhetoric.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zappen, James P.

    1989-01-01

    Reviews three twentieth-century interpretations of Francis Bacon's science and rhetoric: positivistic science and the plain style; institutionalized science and its more highly figured style; and democratic science. Presents the author's own interpretation, and concludes that each interpretation reflects different perceptions of the good of the…

  18. Classification of traditional Chinese pork bacon based on physicochemical properties and chemometric techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Xin; Huang, Feng; Zhang, Hong; Zhang, Chunjiang; Hu, Honghai; Chen, Wenbo

    2016-07-01

    Sixty-seven pork bacon samples from Hunan, Sichuan Guangdong, Jiangxi, and Yunnan Provinces in China were analyzed to understand their geographical properties. Classification was performed by determining their physicochemical properties through chemometric techniques, including variance analysis, principal component analysis (PCA), and discriminant analysis (DA). Results showed that certain differences existed in terms of nine physicochemical determinations in traditional Chinese pork bacon. PCA revealed the distinction among Hunan, Sichuan, and Guangdong style bacon. Meanwhile, seven key physicochemical determination criteria were identified in line with DA and could be reasonably applied to the classification of traditional Chinese pork bacon. Furthermore, the ratio of overall correct classification was 97.76% and that of cross-validation was 91.76%. These findings indicated that chemometric techniques, together with several physicochemical determination, were effective for the classification of traditional Chinese pork bacon with geographical features. Our study provided a theoretical reference for the classification of traditional Chinese pork bacon.

  19. The Prehistory of Serendipity, from Bacon to Walpole.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silver, Sean

    2015-06-01

    During the past four decades there has developed a burgeoning literature on the concept of serendipity, the name for sudden insights or conceptual breakthroughs that occur by chance or accident. Studies repeatedly note that it was Horace Walpole, the eighteenth-century man of letters, who coined the word. None of them, however, notice that Walpole's term is itself indebted to a much older tradition, invoking a formula developed by Francis Bacon. Recovering the prehistory of the term suggests that "serendipity," rather than being a name for a special mode of discovery invented by Walpole, has all along accompanied empiricism as the name for an essential gap in its epistemology. Serendipity bears directly on the "induction problem," or what has more recently been called the "conceptual leap." Though Walpole gave it its current name, versions of the concept have all along isolated a critical gap in the method of the sciences inaugurated by Bacon.

  20. The "Visual Shock" of Francis Bacon: an essay in neuroesthetics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeki, Semir; Ishizu, Tomohiro

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we discuss the work of Francis Bacon in the context of his declared aim of giving a "visual shock."We explore what this means in terms of brain activity and what insights into the brain's visual perceptive system his work gives. We do so especially with reference to the representation of faces and bodies in the human visual brain. We discuss the evidence that shows that both these categories of stimuli have a very privileged status in visual perception, compared to the perception of other stimuli, including man-made artifacts such as houses, chairs, and cars. We show that viewing stimuli that depart significantly from a normal representation of faces and bodies entails a significant difference in the pattern of brain activation. We argue that Bacon succeeded in delivering his "visual shock" because he subverted the normal neural representation of faces and bodies, without at the same time subverting the representation of man-made artifacts.

  1. Francis Bacon's natural history and civil history: a comparative survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manzo, Silvia

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to offer a comparative survey of Bacon's theory and practice of natural history and of civil history, particularly centered on their relationship to natural philosophy and human philosophy. I will try to show that the obvious differences concerning their subject matter encompass a number of less obvious methodological and philosophical assumptions which reveal a significant practical and conceptual convergence of the two fields. Causes or axioms are prescribed as the theoretical end-products of natural history, whereas precepts are envisaged as the speculative outcomes derived from perfect civil history. In spite of this difference, causes and precepts are thought to enable effective action in order to change the state of nature and of man, respectively. For that reason a number of common patterns are to be found in Bacon's theory and practice of natural and civil history.

  2. Francis Bacon: teory, method and contributions to the education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Carlos Simões Galvão

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available In the present article, we propose a brief analysis of Francis Bacon’s thought (1561-1626 and his contributions to the Education. With Bacon, the old religious or metaphysical character of knowledge was substituted by the objectivity of the experimental science, something unknown until then. The science started to represent a means in search of an end, i.e., man’s control over nature. The desire of Bacon to promote a reorganization of the power of the human knowledge, not based on the old scholastic knowledge, but in the new scientific knowledge, was shared by educators, philosophers and statesmen of his time. The role of the school would be to assure the dissemination of this new knowledge which, properly unified, would be within reach of all the children

  3. Francis Bacon's The New Atlantis: New interdisciplinary essays

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    The New Atlantis has fired the imaginations of its readers since its original appearance in 1627. Often regarded as the apotheosis of Bacon's ideas through its depiction of an advanced 'scientific' society, it is also read as a seminal work of science fiction. Standing at the threshold of early modern culture, this key text incorporates the practical and visionary, utility and utopia. This volume of eight new essays by leading scholars provides a stimulating dialogue between a range of critic...

  4. Francis Bacons Qualification As A Principal Empiricist Philosopher

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to determine if there is any basis for regarding Francis Bacon as a principal empiricist philosopher. This involves effort to determine what constitutes, in essence, the qualities of a principal empiricist philosopher. Are there any criteria that qualify one as a principal empiricist philosopher? Proceeding with this inquiry, our paper examines, on the one hand, the views of those who argue in defence of Bacon’s qualification as a principal empiricist philosopher....

  5. Crítica moral de Francis Bacon a la filosofía Francis Bacon's moral critique to philosophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maximiliano Prada Dussán

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este escrito muestra la crítica moral de Bacon a la filosofía, presente en sus obras de juventud, la cual es desarrollada en tres niveles: primero, los cargos a la filosofía por su inutilidad, segundo, las acusaciones a la falta de verdad y de método y, finalmente, la denuncia de falta de caridad y humildad. En conclusión, este estudio intentará sustentar que 1. La reforma baconiana no se restringe a un nuevo método ni a una nueva teoría de la materia; más allá de esto, encuentra un sustento en una nueva posición moral del hombre frente a la naturaleza, y 2. Que su proyecto epistemológico encuentra sentido en el trasfondo moral.This paper is about Bacon's moral critique to philosophy. This critique is present in his youth work and it is developed in three levels: first, charges against philosophy because of its uselessness; second, accusations against philosophy's lack of truth and method; and, finally, charges against philosophy's lack of charity and humility. Briefly, this study will state and support two hypotheses. 1. Bacon´s reform is not restricted to a new method neither a new theory of matter; beyond this; it is a new moral position about man in relation to nature. 2. His epistemological project makes sense in the moral background.

  6. 48 CFR 52.222-30 - Davis-Bacon Act-Price Adjustment (None or Separately Specified Method).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Davis-Bacon Act-Price... CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses 52.222-30 Davis-Bacon Act—Price Adjustment (None or Separately Specified Method). As prescribed in 22.407(e), insert the following clause: Davis-Bacon Act—Price...

  7. Thinking Constructively with Metaphors. A Review of Barbara J. Thayer-Bacon, Transforming Critical Thinking: Thinking Constructively.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yob, Iris M.

    2003-01-01

    Describes Thayer-Bacon's book on metaphors and explores the role of metaphor in constructive thinking. Provides an in depth analysis of Thayer-Bacon's quilting bee metaphor and how it takes the organization, structures, entities, and forces of a literal quilting bee and applies them to the realm of learning. Concludes that Thayer-Bacon's…

  8. Historia and materia: the philosophical implications of Francis Bacon's natural history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giglioni, Guido

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the philosophical implications underlying Bacon's views on historical knowledge, paying special attention to that variety of historical knowledge described by Bacon as "natural." More specifically, this article explores the interplay of history (historia) and fable (fabula). In the sphere of thought, fabula is the equivalent to materia in nature. Both are described by Bacon as being "versatile" and "pliant." In Bacon's system of knowledge, philosophy, as the domain of reason, starts from historiae and fabulae, once memory and the imagination have fulfilled their cognitive tasks. This means that, for Bacon, there is no such thing as a pure use of reason. He advocates a kind of reason that, precisely because it is involved with matter's inner motions (its "appetites," in Bacon's characteristic language), is constitutively 'impure'. The article shows how the terms historia and fabula cover key semantic areas in defining Bacon's philosophy: historia may mean "history" as well as "story,"fabula "myth" as well "story". In both cases, we can see significant oscillations from a stronger meaning (close to those of matter and nature) to a weaker one (connected to wit and imagination), as if the power of nature decreases moving from histories and myths to stories. On the other hand, there are cases in which Bacon seems to stick to a diachronic view of the meaning of fables and histories, such that the transition from myths to history, especially natural history, is described as a collective effort towards reality and enlightenment.

  9. 48 CFR 22.404 - Davis-Bacon Act wage determinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Davis-Bacon Act wage determinations. 22.404 Section 22.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION... Involving Construction 22.404 Davis-Bacon Act wage determinations. The Department of Labor is...

  10. 48 CFR 1422.404 - Davis-Bacon Act wage determinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Davis-Bacon Act wage determinations. 1422.404 Section 1422.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR... Involving Construction 1422.404 Davis-Bacon Act wage determinations....

  11. 48 CFR 622.404 - Davis-Bacon Act wage determinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Davis-Bacon Act wage determinations. 622.404 Section 622.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF STATE SOCIOECONOMIC... Construction 622.404 Davis-Bacon Act wage determinations....

  12. 48 CFR 222.404 - Davis-Bacon Act wage determinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Davis-Bacon Act wage determinations. 222.404 Section 222.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS... Labor Standards for Contracts Involving Construction 222.404 Davis-Bacon Act wage determinations....

  13. 48 CFR 1322.404 - Davis-Bacon Act wage determination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Davis-Bacon Act wage determination. 1322.404 Section 1322.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE... Involving Construction 1322.404 Davis-Bacon Act wage determination....

  14. 48 CFR 422.404 - Davis-Bacon Act wage determinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Davis-Bacon Act wage determinations. 422.404 Section 422.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... Involving Construction 422.404 Davis-Bacon Act wage determinations....

  15. Science and Rhetoric From Bacon to Hobbes; Responses to the Problem of Eloquence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zappen, James P.

    Decisive changes in the history of rhetoric occurred with the publication of Francis Bacon's "Advancement of Learning" and "De augmentis scientiarum" and "Leviathan" by Thomas Hobbes. Bacon and Hobbes responded to the problem of eloquence common to scientists in the early seventeenth century, which centered on three…

  16. The mine and the furnace: Francis Bacon, Thomas Russell, and early Stuart mining culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pastorino, Cesare

    2009-01-01

    Notwithstanding Francis Bacon's praise for the philosophical role of the mechanical arts, historians have often downplayed Bacon's connections with actual artisans and entrepreneurs. Addressing the specific context of mining culture, this study proposes a rather different picture. The analysis of a famous mining metaphor in The Advancement of Learning shows us how Bacon's project of reform of knowledge could find an apt correspondence in civic and entrepreneurial values of his time. Also, Bacon had interesting and so far unexplored links with the early modern English mining enterprises, like the Company of Mineral and Battery Works, ofwhich he was a shareholder. Moreover, Bacon's notes in a private notebook, Commentarius Solutus, and records of patents of invention, allow us to start grasping Bacon's connections with the metallurgist and entrepreneur Thomas Russell. Lastly, this paper argues that, to fully understand Bacon's links with the world of Stuart technicians and entrepreneurs, it is necessary to consider a different and insufficiently studied aspect of Bacon's interests, namely his work as patents referee while a Commissioner of Suits.

  17. Francis Bacon's concept of objectivity and the idols of the mind.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zagorin, P

    2001-12-01

    This paper examines the concept of objectivity traceable in Francis Bacon's natural philosophy. After some historical background on this concept, it considers the question of whether it is not an anachronism to attribute such a concept to Bacon, since the word 'objectivity' is a later coinage and does not appear anywhere in his writings. The essay gives reasons for answering this question in the negative, and then criticizes the accounts given of Bacon's understanding of objectivity by Lorraine Daston and Julie Robin Solomon. It argues that this understanding is most directly and fully expressed in his discussion of the idols of the mind. In this connection, the paper notes Bacon's critical attitude to sixteenth-century scepticism and its relevance to the idea of objectivity implicit in his comments on the idols. In conclusion, the paper argues that Bacon was not a pure empiricist and describes the place assigned to theories and hypotheses in his natural philosophy.

  18. Voyages et utopie scientifique dans La Nouvelle Atlantide de Bacon

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Parce qu’il s’agit d’une fiction issue du genre utopique, la Nouvelle Atlantide est sans doute l’une des œuvres les plus originales du corpus baconien. Cet article s’efforce de montrer que ce récit de voyage et la philosophie du chancelier forment pourtant un tout cohérent, et que la Nouvelle Atlantide peut se lire comme une illustration fictionnelle de l’épistémologie baconienne. Pour Bacon, le voyage est à la fois la métaphore et l’instrument de la découverte scientifique. En effet la conna...

  19. The Visual Shock of Francis Bacon: An essay in neuroesthetics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Semir eZeki

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we discuss the work of Francis Bacon in the context of his declared aim of giving a visual shock. We explore what this means in terms of brain activity and what insights into the brain’s visual perceptive system his work gives. We do so especially with reference to the representation of faces and bodies in the human visual brain. We discuss the evidence that shows that both these categories of stimuli have a very privileged status in visual perception, compared to the perception of other stimuli, including man-made artifacts such as houses, chairs and cars. We show that viewing face and house stimuli that depart significantly from a normal representation of faces and bodies entails a significant difference in the pattern of brain activation. We argue that Bacon succeeded in delivering his visual shock because he subverted the normal neural representation of faces and bodies, without at the same time subverting the representation of man-made artifacts.

  20. The medical philosophy of Francis Bacon (1561-1626).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boss, J

    1978-01-01

    Francis Bacon's view of man is dualistic but, although he takes note of mental faculties, he makes the relation between mind and body, rather than the substance of mind, the basis for enquiry into mental processes and, more particularly, for the medically relevant study of mind. (He uses "mind" and "soul" as equivalent terms.) The healing of the body requires study of the body, and the ineffectiveness of physicians is due to their failure in this respect rather than to the body's complexity. To learn about the body requires clinical observation and recording, together with the comparison of bodies, experiments on living animals and attention to pathological changes. The aims of medicine should include not only the restoration of health but also the relief of suffering and they are not to be limited by putting aside a disease as incurable. To learn from treatment it must be fixed in its ordering with controlled and limited variation. Bacon has no separation of medicine from natural science; his philosophy of medicine is his general philosophy of the advancement of knowledge, but limited to a particular field of application. If medicine is separated from natural philosophy it is changed wholly or greatly into empiricism.

  1. A ciência nas utopias de Campanella, Bacon, Comenius, e Glanvill

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Jefferson de Oliveira

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa comparativamente o papel que a ciência e a técnica ocupam nas sociedades descritas em A cidade do Sol de Tommasio Campanella, a Nova Atlântida de Francis Bacon, Panorthosia de Jan Amós Comenius e o Complemento à Nova Atlântida de Joseph Glanvill.This article evaluates the role that science and technology plays in the societies described by early modern utopias, making a comparative analysis of Tommasio Campanella's City of Sun, Francis Bacon's New Atlantis, Jan Amós Comenius' Panorthosia, and Joseph Glanvill's The summe of my lord Bacon's New Atlantis.

  2. A comparison of slice characteristics and sensory characteristics of bacon from immunologically castrated barrows with bacon from physically castrated barrows, boars, and gilts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Little, K L; Kyle, J M; Bohrer, B M; Schroeder, A L; Fedler, C A; Prusa, K J; Boler, D D

    2014-12-01

    The objectives were to compare slice characteristics and sensory attributes of bacon from immunologically castrated (IC) barrows with bacon from other sexes using a trained sensory panel. Bacon was obtained for sensory evaluation from 3 experiments. In Exp. 1, trimmed and squared bellies (n=180) of IC barrows, IC barrows fed ractopamine hydrochloride (IC+RAC), physically castrated (PC) barrows, intact males (IM), and gilts were used. Data were analyzed as a general linear mixed model and pen (n=48) served as the experimental unit. Treatment (sex or diet) was a fixed effect in all 3 experiments. In Exp. 2, untrimmed, natural fall bellies (n=96) from IC and PC barrows fed 0 or 30% or a withdrawal distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) program when slaughtered at 5 wk after the second dose (25 wk of age) were used. In Exp. 3, untrimmed, natural fall bellies (n=96) from IC and PC barrows fed the same experimental diets as in experiment 2 but slaughtered at 7 wk after the second dose (27 wk of age) were used. Data from Exp. 2 and 3 were analyzed as a 2×3 factorial arrangement in a randomized complete block design and pen was the experimental unit. Bellies from all 3 experiments were processed using the same protocols. In Exp. 1, IM had the greatest (Pbacon aroma and flavor among all treatments. No differences were detected among the other treatment groups for bacon aroma or flavor. There were no differences in bacon aroma or off-flavor between IC and PC barrows slaughtered at 5 wk after the second dose regardless of DDGS feeding program. Bacon from PC barrows was saltier (Pbacon from IC barrows when slaughtered at 5 wk after the second dose. There were no differences in bacon aroma, off-aroma, bacon flavor, or saltiness between IC and PC barrows slaughtered at 7 wk after the second dose regardless of DDGS feeding program. Total slice area of bacon slices from IC barrows slaughtered at 5 wk after the second dose were less (Pbacon even when feeding differing DDGS

  3. The intellect naturalized: Roger Bacon on the existence of corporeal species within the intellect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raizman-Kedar, Yael

    2009-01-01

    In this paper I challenge the claim that Bacon considered the operation of species as limited to the physical and sensory levels and demonstrate that in his view, the very same species issued by physical objects operate within the intellect as well. I argue that in Bacon the concept of illumination plays a secondary role in the acquisition of knowledge, and that he regarded innate knowledge as dispositional and confused. What was left as the main channel through which knowledge is gained were species received through the senses. I argue that according to Bacon these species, representing their agents in essence, definition and operation, arrive in the intellect without undergoing a complete abstraction from matter and while still retaining the character of agents acting naturally. In this way Bacon sets the intellect as separate from the natural world not in any essential way, but rather as it were in degree, thus supplying a theoretical justification for the ability to access and know nature.

  4. Roger Bacon in der Sicht Alexander von Humboldts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tom Müller

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Articel in german, abstracts in englisch, german and español In his model of the six epochs of the history of science, Alexander von Humboldt sees scarcely any lights able to break through the occidental darkness in the time between the scientific prime of the arabic world and the expeditions of Columbus. The most prominent of these few pioneers to Humboldt is the fransciscan monc Roger Bacon who excelled in almost all disciplines and emphasized on the unity of the sciences. Humboldt honors the Englishman with detailed examinations of his Opus maius in Kosmos and also in his popular speeches in the Berlin Singakademie as well as in the examen critique on the history of geography of the New World.

  5. Francis Bacon: constructing natural histories of the invisible.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusu, Doina-Cristina

    2012-01-01

    The natural histories contained in Francis Bacon's Historia naturalis et experimentalis seem to differ from the model presented in De augmentis scientiarum and the Descriptio globi intellectualis in that they are focused on the defining properties of matter, its primary schematisms and the spirits. In this respect, they are highly speculative. In this paper I aim to describe the Historia naturalis et experimentalis as a text about matter theory, the histories of which are ascending from what is most evident to the senses to what is least accessible to them. Moreover, the Latin natural histories are parts of a methodological procedure in which the provisional rules and axioms obtained in one history can be used as theoretical assumptions for another history, thereby permitting one to delve ever more profoundly into the structure of nature.

  6. Fault-tolerant quantum computation with asymmetric Bacon-Shor codes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, Peter; Preskill, John

    2013-03-01

    We develop a scheme for fault-tolerant quantum computation based on asymmetric Bacon-Shor codes, which works effectively against highly biased noise dominated by dephasing. We find the optimal Bacon-Shor block size as a function of the noise strength and the noise bias, and estimate the logical error rate and overhead cost achieved by this optimal code. Our fault-tolerant gadgets, based on gate teleportation, are well suited for hardware platforms with geometrically local gates in two dimensions.

  7. The Davis-Bacon Act: Cost Impact on the Air Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-09-01

    June 1977 issue of the Labor Law Journal, Donald Elisburg, then Assistant Secretary of Labor for Employment Standards, discussed an Executive Order...1992). 7. Elisburg, Donald. "Wage Protection Under the Davis- Bacon Act," Labor Law Journal, 28: 323-328 (June 1977). 8. Federal Acquisition...R. "Davis-Bacon: Labor’s Anachronism 1974," Labor Law Journal, 25: 404-407 (July 1974). 59 Vita Raymond Carpenter was born on 18 August 1953 in

  8. Francis Bacon's natural history and the Senecan natural histories of early modern Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jalobeanu, Dana

    2012-01-01

    At various stages in his career, Francis Bacon claimed to have reformed and changed traditional natural history in such a way that his new "natural and experimental history" was unlike any of its ancient or humanist predecessors. Surprisingly, such claims have gone largely unquestioned in Baconian scholarship. Contextual readings of Bacon's natural history have compared it, so far, only with Plinian or humanist natural history. This paper investigates a different form of natural history, very popular among Bacon's contemporaries, but yet unexplored by contemporary students of Bacon's works. I have provisionally called this form of natural history'Senecan' natural history, partly because it took shape in the Neo-Stoic revival of the sixteenth-century, partly because it originates in a particular cosmographical reading of Seneca's Naturales quaestiones. I discuss in this paper two examples of Senecan natural history: the encyclopedic and cosmographical projects of Pierre de la Primaudaye (1546-1619) and Samuel Purchas (1577-1626). I highlight a number of similarities between these two projects and Francis Bacon's natural history, and argue that Senecan natural history forms an important aspect in the historical and philosophical background that needs to be taken into consideration if we want to understand the extent to which Bacon's project to reform natural history can be said to be new.

  9. Francis Bacon y el atomismo: una nueva evaluación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Manzo

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available En la actualidad no hay una interpretación unánime acerca de la teoría de la materia de Francis Bacon. Los desacuerdos giran particularmente en torno al atomismo de Bacon y a sus ideas animistas. En este artículo sostengo que a pesar de que Bacon cambió su visión del atomismo repetidas veces, nunca lo rechazó por completo. Reconstruiré las diversas opiniones de Bacon en orden cronológico para establecer su evaluación final del atomismo y las razones sobre las que la justifica. Debido a que Bacon nunca sostuvo una teoría atomista ortodoxa de la materia identificable con el atomismo griego, en este trabajo definiré el atomismo en sentido amplio como una teoría corpuscular de la materia que establece la existencia de partículas últimas e indivisibles. Siguiendo esta delimitación semántica, es posible distinguir dos posiciones baconianas sucesivas: la primera considera que el atomismo constituye un principio ontológico y causal-operativo; la segunda priva al átomo de su capacidad causal-operativa pero deja intacta su prioridad ontológica. Además, investigaré la cuestión de la coexistencia del atomismo y el pneumatismo en la teoría baconiana, un punto que ha sido abordado por las influyentes interpretaciones de Kargon y Rees. Sin embargo, argumentaré que Bacon no consideró que esas dos doctrinas fuesen incompatibles.There is no unanimity among recent historians about Francis Bacon's theory of matter. Disagreement exists in particular about Bacon's atomist and animistic ideas. My claim is that although Bacon changed his views on atomism repeatedly, he never rejected it completely. I shall reconstruct Bacon's various opinions in chronological order to establish his final evaluation of atomism and his reasons for it. Because Bacon never held an orthodox atomist matter theory identical with Greek atomism, for this paper I will define atomism in the broadest sense, as a corpuscular matter theory that posits final and indivisible

  10. 42 CFR 137.378 - Do the Federal Davis-Bacon Act and wage rates apply to construction projects performed by Self...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Do the Federal Davis-Bacon Act and wage rates apply... Other § 137.378 Do the Federal Davis-Bacon Act and wage rates apply to construction projects performed...-Bacon Act and wage rates do not apply to construction projects performed by Self-Governance Tribes...

  11. 25 CFR 1000.407 - Do the wage and labor standards in the Davis-Bacon Act apply to Tribes and Tribal Consortia?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Do the wage and labor standards in the Davis-Bacon Act....407 Do the wage and labor standards in the Davis-Bacon Act apply to Tribes and Tribal Consortia? No, wage and labor standards of the Davis-Bacon Act do not apply to employees of Tribes and...

  12. Mathematical model of water transport in Bacon and alkaline matrix-type hydrogen-oxygen fuel cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prokopius, P. R.; Easter, R. W.

    1972-01-01

    Based on general mass continuity and diffusive transport equations, a mathematical model was developed that simulates the transport of water in Bacon and alkaline-matrix fuel cells. The derived model was validated by using it to analytically reproduce various Bacon and matrix-cell experimental water transport transients.

  13. The effect of skatole and androstenone on consumer response towards streaky bacon and pork belly roll.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aaslyng, Margit D; De Lichtenberg Broge, Eva Honnens; Brockhoff, Per B; Christensen, Rune Haubo

    2015-12-01

    Consumer liking was assessed for streaky bacon and pork belly roll from entire male pigs with an androstenone (AND) content of up to 9.4 ppm and a skatole (SKA) content of up to 0.92 ppm in the back fat and castrates. No clear effect of either AND or SKA was seen in consumer liking, although an insignificant tendency was seen for SKA. A sensory profile analysis showed that AND increased the boar taint of bacon, while both AND and SKA increased the boar taint of the pork belly roll. Consumer sensitivity towards AND and SKA did not affect liking of the meat products. The lack of effect of AND and SKA on consumer liking could be due to a masking effect of the spices and smoke. Three consecutive weeks' exposure to bacon did not change the liking score, irrespective of the AND and SKA content. This indicates that the consumers did not become more sensitive towards boar taint.

  14. The effect of skatole and androstenone on consumer response towards streaky bacon and pork belly roll

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aaslyng, Margit Dall; De Lichtenberg Broge, Eva Honnens; Brockhoff, Per B.;

    2015-01-01

    Consumer liking was assessed for streaky bacon and pork belly roll from entire male pigs with an androstenone (AND) content of up to 9.4ppm and a skatole (SKA) content of up to 0.92ppm in the back fat and castrates. No clear effect of either AND or SKA was seen in consumer liking, although...... an insignificant tendency was seen for SKA. A sensory profile analysis showed that AND increased the boar taint of bacon, while both AND and SKA increased the boar taint of the pork belly roll. Consumer sensitivity towards AND and SKA did not affect liking of the meat products. The lack of effect of AND and SKA...... on consumer liking could be due to a masking effect of the spices and smoke. Three consecutive weeks' exposure to bacon did not change the liking score, irrespective of the AND and SKA content. This indicates that the consumers did not become more sensitive towards boar taint....

  15. An Analysis of the Means of Cohesion in“of Studies”by Francis Bacon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐文洋

    2014-01-01

    This thesis aims to analyze the means of cohesion in“of Studies”by Francis Bacon. According to the systemic-func-tional linguistics, the paper is intended to explore cohesion means applied in Of Studies by Francis Bacon. It gives an account of the functions in grammatical cohesion in the several fields, they are reference, substitution, ellipsis, and conjunction respectively. Finally, it is expected that these analyses can help readers gain a better and deeper comprehension of the structure and content of the text.

  16. A ciência nas utopias de Campanella, Bacon, Comenius, e Glanvill

    OpenAIRE

    2002-01-01

    Este artigo analisa comparativamente o papel que a ciência e a técnica ocupam nas sociedades descritas em A cidade do Sol de Tommasio Campanella, a Nova Atlântida de Francis Bacon, Panorthosia de Jan Amós Comenius e o Complemento à Nova Atlântida de Joseph Glanvill.This article evaluates the role that science and technology plays in the societies described by early modern utopias, making a comparative analysis of Tommasio Campanella's City of Sun, Francis Bacon's New Atlantis, Jan Amós Comeni...

  17. Dietary conjugated linoleic acid changes belly and bacon quality from pigs fed varied lipid sources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, S T; Wiegand, B R; Parrish, F C; Swan, J E; Sparks, J C

    2009-01-01

    The objective of this experiment was to determine the effects of dietary lipid source with or without the addition of CLA on bacon composition and quality. Forty-eight barrows at a beginning BW of 55 kg +/- 2.2 were fed 1 of 6 diets for 56 d. These diets consisted of: 1) normal corn (NC), 2) NC + 1.25% CLA-60 oil (NC + CLA), 3) high-oil corn (HOC), 4) HOC + 1.25% CLA-60 oil (HOC-CLA), 5) NC + choice white grease (CWG; NC + CWG), and 6) NC + CWG + 1.25% CLA-60 oil (NC + CWG + CLA). The CLA-60 contains 60% CLA isomers in the oil, and therefore, 1.25% oil was needed to achieve 0.75% CLA in the diet. Soy oil replaced CLA in control diets. Choice white grease and high-oil corn were selected as fat sources for this study because of their utility in energy density for growing-finishing pigs, especially in hot weather. Pigs were slaughtered at an average BW of 113 kg +/- 4.1, and carcasses were fabricated at 24 h postmortem. Statistical analysis was performed using the mixed model procedure of SAS, and the main effects tested were dietary lipid source, CLA, and 2-way interaction. The addition of CLA to each basal diet improved (P bacon slabs showed that bacon from CLA-supplemented pigs was approximately 20% firmer than that from controls. Pigs fed the HOC diets had softer bellies compared (P bacon sliceability. No differences were observed for moisture, protein, or lipid percentages between any treatments. Overall, there was a CLA effect (P bacon oxidation (0.1498 CLA vs. 0.1638 no CLA). Dietary CLA increased the percentage of SFA in tissues from pigs supplemented with CLA. Dietary inclusion of CLA increased the concentration of all measured isomers of CLA in bacon. Sensory scores of bacon showed no differences for any of the sensory attributes measured between any of the treatments. Our results indicate that inclusion of dietary CLA will improve belly firmness, extend the shelf life stability of bacon, and increase the degree of fat saturation.

  18. [Francis Bacon on the origin and preservation of life: theory and experiments].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gemelli, Benedino

    2003-01-01

    The paper analyses Bacon's views of life, as contained in De Sapientia Veterum, Historia vitae et mortis, and in a newly published manuscript, entitled De vijs mortis. Bacon saw the prolongation of life as one of the main goals of science and medicine, According to him, life is the result of the action of spirits on matter. In order to preserve life, it is necessary to investigate various kinds of generation, notably, those which occurr without seeds. The study of putrefaction is also crucial for the prolongation of life.

  19. Consumer acceptability of differently processed bacons using raw materials from entire males

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lunde, Kathrine; Skuterud, Ellen; Lindahl, Gunilla Karin

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the present work was to investigate consumers' acceptability of bacons produced from entire males. Three different processing technologies (brine injection, dry salting with and without fermentation) were used. The raw materials had skatole levels from 0.04 to 0.43 mg/kg. The consumers...

  20. Effects of feeding high protein or conventional canola meal on dry cured and conventionally cured bacon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Little, K L; Bohrer, B M; Stein, H H; Boler, D D

    2015-05-01

    Objectives were to compare belly, bacon processing, bacon slice, and sensory characteristics from pigs fed high protein canola meal (CM-HP) or conventional canola meal (CM-CV). Soybean meal was replaced with 0 (control), 33, 66, or 100% of both types of canola meal. Left side bellies from 70 carcasses were randomly assigned to conventional or dry cure treatment and matching right side bellies were assigned the opposite treatment. Secondary objectives were to test the existence of bilateral symmetry on fresh belly characteristics and fatty acid profiles of right and left side bellies originating from the same carcass. Bellies from pigs fed CM-HP were slightly lighter and thinner than bellies from pigs fed CM-CV, yet bacon processing, bacon slice, and sensory characteristics were unaffected by dietary treatment and did not differ from the control. Furthermore, testing the existence of bilateral symmetry on fresh belly characteristics revealed that bellies originating from the right side of the carcasses were slightly (P≤0.05) wider, thicker, heavier and firmer than bellies from the left side of the carcass.

  1. The Culture of Science and the Rhetoric of Scientism: From Francis Bacon to the Darwin Fish

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lessl, Thomas M.

    2007-01-01

    The culture of modern science continues to establish its public identity by appealing to values and historical conceptions that reflect its appropriation of various religious ideals during its formative period, most especially in the rhetoric of Francis Bacon. These elements have persisted because they continue to achieve similar goals, but the…

  2. Deciphering the language of nature: cryptography, secrecy, and alterity in Francis Bacon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clody, Michael C

    2011-01-01

    The essay argues that Francis Bacon's considerations of parables and cryptography reflect larger interpretative concerns of his natural philosophic project. Bacon describes nature as having a language distinct from those of God and man, and, in so doing, establishes a central problem of his natural philosophy—namely, how can the language of nature be accessed through scientific representation? Ultimately, Bacon's solution relies on a theory of differential and duplicitous signs that conceal within them the hidden voice of nature, which is best recognized in the natural forms of efficient causality. The "alphabet of nature"—those tables of natural occurrences—consequently plays a central role in his program, as it renders nature's language susceptible to a process and decryption that mirrors the model of the bilateral cipher. It is argued that while the writing of Bacon's natural philosophy strives for literality, its investigative process preserves a space for alterity within scientific representation, that is made accessible to those with the interpretative key.

  3. Francis Bacon's New Science: Rhetoric and the Transformative Power of Print.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heckel, David

    The process of projecting textual models onto the phenomenal world began with the invention of writing and accelerated through the manuscript culture of classical antiquity and the Middle Ages into the age of print. In Francis Bacon's work, the book (a metaphor for the phenomenal world) adapted to the demands of the printed text and reflects the…

  4. Natural knowledge as a propaedeutic to self-betterment: Francis Bacon and the transformation of natural history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lancaster, James A T

    2012-01-01

    This paper establishes the 'emblematic' use of natural history as a propaedeutic to self-betterment in the Renaissance; in particular, in the natural histories of Gessner and Topsell, but also in the works of Erasmus and Rabelais. Subsequently, it investigates how Francis Bacon's conception of natural history is envisaged in relation to them. The paper contends that, where humanist natural historians understood the use of natural knowledge as a preliminary to individual improvement, Bacon conceived self-betterment foremost as a means to Christian charity, or social-betterment. It thus examines the transformation of the moralizing aspect of Renaissance natural history in Bacon's conception of his Great Instauration.

  5. Sobre as afinidades entre a filosofia de Francis Bacon e o ceticismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz A. A. Eva

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Este texto se ocupa de um exame, em caráter introdutório, das relações entre a reflexão de Bacon acerca das limitações de nossas faculdades e o ceticismo filosófico - um tema pouco considerado pela literatura mais recente, a despeito das muitas referências a tal filosofia. Ainda que, à primeira vista, tais referências possam parecer vagas e imprecisas, pensamos que um exame adequado de algumas delas pode revelar, não apenas a importância do tema para a compreensão de aspectos do seu próprio empreendimento, mas o interesse de Bacon pela literatura cética contemporânea. As peculiaridades de sua própria interpretação, por sua vez, parecem antecipar traços do modo como essa filosofia foi compreendida por filósofos posteriores, como Hume.This text focuses, in a preliminary way, on the relations between Francis Bacon's reflections on the limits of our cognitive faculties and philosophical skepticism, a theme not much considered by most of recent commentaries, in spite of Bacon's own explicit and numerous allusions to this philosophy. Even if these allusions seem at first sight somewhat loose and not very sharp, some of them reveal, we think, not only its relevance for understanding of some aspects of his own enterprise, but also Bacon's attention to the skeptical literature produced on the period. Moreover, the particularities of his own interpretation of skepticism seem to anticipate important features of the way this philosophy was understood by later philosophers as Hume.

  6. A Critique of "Leisure and the Alienated Worker: A Critical Reassessment of Three Radical Theories," by Bacon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, John R.

    1976-01-01

    The author criticizes an article by A. W. Bacon in "Journal of Leisure Research", 1975: 179-90, concerning leisure and the alienated worker on the bases of analytical rigorousness and methodological limitation. (MB)

  7. Effect of immunological castration management strategy on lipid oxidation and sensory characteristics of bacon stored under simulated food service conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrick, R T; Tavárez, M A; Harsh, B N; Mellencamp, M A; Boler, D D; Dilger, A C

    2016-07-01

    The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of 1) immunological castration (Improvest, a gonadotropin releasing factor analog-diphtheria toxoid conjugate) management strategy (age at slaughter and time of slaughter after second dose) and 2) sex on lipid oxidation and sensory characteristics of bacon stored under simulated food service conditions. For Objective 1, immunological castration management strategies included 24-wk-old immunologically castrated (IC) barrows 4, 6, 8, or 10 wk after the second Improvest dose (ASD); 26-wk-old IC barrows 6 wk ASD; and 28-wk-old IC barrows 8 wk ASD ( = 63). Objective 2 ( = 97) included IC barrows, physically castrated (PC) barrows, and gilts slaughtered at 24, 26, and 28 wks of age. Bellies from 2 slaughter dates were manufactured into bacon under commercial conditions. Bacon slices were laid out on parchment paper, packaged in oxygen-permeable poly-vinyl-lined boxes, and frozen (-33°C) for 1, 4, 8, or 12 wk to simulate food service conditions. At the end of each storage period, bacon was evaluated for lipid oxidation, moisture and lipid content, and sensory characteristics. Data from both objectives were analyzed using the MIXED procedure in SAS with belly as the experimental unit. For both objectives, as storage time increased, lipid oxidation of bacon increased ( bacon from IC barrows increased as time of slaughter ASD increased ( bacon across management strategies. For the evaluation of sex effects in Objective 2, lipid oxidation was greater ( 0.05). After 12 wk of frozen storage, lipid oxidation values for IC barrows, PC barrows, and gilts were still below 0.5 mg malondialdehyde/kg of meat, the threshold at which trained panelists may deem a food to be rancid. In conclusion, bacon shelf life characteristics were not altered by the immunological castration management strategy and bacon from IC barrows was similar to bacon from gilts. Therefore, bacon from IC barrows would result in shelf life and sensory

  8. 9 CFR 319.310 - Lima beans with ham in sauce, beans with ham in sauce, beans with bacon in sauce, and similar...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... with ham in sauce, beans with bacon in sauce, and similar products. 319.310 Section 319.310 Animals and....310 Lima beans with ham in sauce, beans with ham in sauce, beans with bacon in sauce, and similar products. “Lima Beans with Ham in Sauce,” “Beans with Ham in Sauce,” “Beans with Bacon in Sauce,”...

  9. Radiolysis compounds in bacon and chicken. Final report 18 Sep 81-20 Sep 82

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Merritt, C. Jr.

    1984-01-01

    The results of this study are in agreement with the precepts established in studies published previously on beef, chicken, ham, and pork. The radiolysis compounds from bacon, chicken, ham, and pork are comparable in identity and amounts to those found in irradiated beef for comparable compositions and irradiation parameters (temperature, dose, etc.). The results of this study support the conclusions drawn in the CORC report of 'commonality in chemistry, predictability of products, and extrapolation of results.' Consequently, the same conclusions can be drawn concerning the wholesomeness of irradiated bacon, chicken, ham, and pork as for other irradiated meat products of similar composition and irradiation parameters as reported in the FASEB report and its supplements (I and II) on irradiated beef.

  10. From Bacon to Banks: the vision and the realities of pursuing science for the common good.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sargent, Rose-Mary

    2012-03-01

    Francis Bacon's call for philosophers to investigate nature and "join in consultation for the common good" is one example of a powerful vision that helped to shape modern science. His ideal clearly linked the experimental method with the production of beneficial effects that could be used both as "pledges of truth" and for "the comforts of life." When Bacon's program was implemented in the following generation, however, the tensions inherent in his vision became all too real. The history of the Royal Society of London, from its founding in 1660 to the 42-year presidency of Joseph Banks (1778-1820), shows how these tensions led to changes in the way in which both the experimental method and the ideal of the common good were understood. A more nuanced understanding of the problems involved in recent philosophical analyses of science in the public interest can be achieved by appreciating the complexity revealed from this historical perspective.

  11. The Rule of Three for Prizes in Science and the Bold Triptychs of Francis Bacon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldstein, Joseph L

    2016-09-22

    For many scientific awards, such as Nobels and Laskers, the maximum number of recipients is three. This Rule of Three forces selection committees to make difficult decisions that increase the likelihood of singling out those individuals who open a new field and continue to lead it. The Rule of Three is reminiscent of art's three-panel triptych, a form that the modern master Francis Bacon used to distill complex stories in a bold way.

  12. Lipolysis and lipid oxidation during processing of Chinese traditional smoke-cured bacon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Yechuan; Li, Hongjun; Huang, Tian; Li, Feng; Sun, Juan

    2014-04-15

    Lipolysis and lipid oxidation as well as the relationship between them during processing of Chinese traditional smoke-cured bacon were studied by evaluating the changes in physicochemical parameters, lipase and lipoxygenase (LOX) activities, lipid content, fatty acid composition, peroxide value (POV), and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS). Besides phospholipids, triacylglycerols (TAG) were an important source of free fatty acids in bacon, resulting in an increase in free fatty acid content in the mid-late stage of processing, whilst phospholipids hydrolysed intensely in the early stage. Preferential lipolysis was observed for polyunsaturated fatty acids in phospholipids and for linoleic and palmitic acids in TAG. The lipolysis of TAG and phospholipids was independent and catalysed by acid lipase and phospholipase, respectively. ANOVA-partial least squares regression (APLSR) analysis showed that POV and TBARS were poorly related to LOX and closely associated with phospholipid degradation. Therefore, autoxidation may be the main cause of muscle lipid oxidation in smoke-cured bacon, which was promoted by phospholipid hydrolysis.

  13. Francis Bacon and the "Interpretation of Nature" in the late Renaissance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serjeantson, Richard

    2014-12-01

    The "interpretation of nature" (interpretatio naturae) is the leading idea in Francis Bacon's natural philosophy. But by contrast with his ideas about method, induction, or experiment, the significance of the "interpretation of nature" has received very little scholarly attention. This essay tests the originality of Bacon's idea by means of a focused survey of existing forms of Renaissance natural knowledge-Aristotelian and anti-Aristotelian natural philosophy, Galenic and Paracelsian medicine, natural magic, physiognomy, natural history-before turning to consider the much more prominent place of "interpretation" in the fields of Renaissance logic, revealed and natural theology, and law. It finds that Bacon's application of the idea of "interpretation" to nature was highly original, but also that certain important aspects of his conception have analogies in Renaissance civil law. The essay concludes by exploring the implications of these findings for a recent body of scholarship in the history of the sciences that invokes the notion of the "interpretation of nature" to characterize pre-Baconian natural philosophy more generally.

  14. Discussion on Francis Bacon and the Bacon Disease in theory of Three Types of Disease Cause of Tibetan%浅谈藏医三因学之培根及培根病

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    才项仁增

    2011-01-01

    This article probed francis bacon and the bacon disease in theory of three types of disease cause of tibetan,considered that the essence of the process treating disease was the pathology conditioning the three evils:lung,tripa, bacon;bacon has the character of soil and water,was heavy and cool,although the living,but may apply to the downstream injection, if bacon disorder,the volt temperature of body can fired off,all of the cold disease will occur;treating this disease can use heat drugs and external method.%对藏医三因学之培根及培根病做了探讨,认为治疗疾病的过程,其实质是调理病理的隆、赤巴、培根三邪的过程;其中培根具有土、水之性,重而凉,虽居于上,但可向下流注,培根紊乱,可伏灭身体的火温,一切寒性病则无不由此而生;治疗宜用热性的引药及外治法进行.

  15. Impact of different pan-frying conditions on the formation of heterocyclic aromatic amines and sensory quality in fried bacon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibis, Monika; Kruwinnus, Miriam; Weiss, Jochen

    2015-02-01

    Heterocyclic aromatic amines (HAAs) are formed in the crust of cooked meat products. Most HAAs are carcinogenic in long-term animal studies. Besides precursors in raw materials, important factors are temperature and heating time. Bacon slices were investigated for concentrations of HAAs after pan-frying under different monitored heating conditions. Two HAAs, MeIQx (2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo [4,5-f]quinoxaline) (1.5-5.6ng/g) and PhIP (2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine) (0.1-2.6ng/g), were found in pan-fried bacon slices. The bacon clearly contained higher concentrations of HAAs both with longer frying times and at temperatures of 200-220°C rather than 150-170°C, respectively. A similar continuous increase of the concentrations was observed for norharman (5.0-19.9ng/g) and harman (0.3-1.7ng/g). The sensory evaluation, using a hedonic test design for colour and flavour, of the pan-fried bacon slices resulted in a preferred frying time of 5min at 150-170°C. However, some testers clearly preferred crispy and darker bacon slices containing higher HAA concentrations.

  16. 48 CFR 53.301-1093 - Standard Form 1093, Schedule of Withholdings Under the Davis-Bacon Act and/or the Contract Work...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Standard Form 1093, Schedule of Withholdings Under the Davis-Bacon Act and/or the Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards Act... Withholdings Under the Davis-Bacon Act and/or the Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards Act. EC01MY91.076...

  17. The Alma-Bacon County Story: A Model for Rural America. Committee Print, 92nd Congress, 2nd Session, July 24, 1972.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nipp, Robert E.

    Designed to illustrate the revitalization process of a small rural community via use of the Model Cities Program, this case study of Alma-Bacon County, Georgia traces Alma-Bacon's: (1) historical background; (2) community development beginnings; (3) political development; (4) outstanding problems; and (5) development plans and accomplishments…

  18. 42 CFR 137.379 - Do Davis-Bacon wage rates apply to construction projects performed by Self-Governance Tribes...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... projects performed by Self-Governance Tribes using Federal funds? 137.379 Section 137.379 Public Health... HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNANCE Construction Other § 137.379 Do Davis-Bacon wage rates apply to construction projects performed by Self-Governance Tribes using Federal funds? Davis-Bacon...

  19. SECCIÓN TEMÁTICA - 2. DE BACON Y MILL A LA LÓGICA DIFUSA // FROM BACON AND MILL TO FUZZY SETS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Forni

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Ese artículo es el fruto de años de experiencia docente en cursos de metodología y talleres de tesis. Se revisan los orígenes y desarrollo de la lógica subyacente en los estudios comparativos en Ciencias Sociales desde las formulaciones de Bacon y Mill. Se presentan los métodos de la concordancia y la diferencia así como cuestiones relevantes para el diseño de estudios comparativos. Se presentan diferentes usos de los estudios comparativos así como ilustraciones de los mismos y se revisan desarrollos recientes de la lógica comparativa.

  20. Francis Bacon: Of Building, Essay 45, aus: Francis Bacon: The Essayes or Counsels, Civill and Morall, of Francis Lo. Verulam, Viscount St. Alban (London: Printed by Iohn Haviland for Hanna Barret, 1625) (FONTES 16)

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    Together with 'The Elements of Achitecture' by Henry Wotton (1624), Francis Bacon’s essay 'Of Building' (1625, no. 45) constitutes the earliest significant statement of architectural thought both in printed form and in English. With his opening sentence, “A house is to live in, and not to look on”, Bacon gives expression to a new functionalist and empiricist position that anticipates architectural theories of modern times. Bacon discusses the site of the house (“seat”), and he proposes a verb...

  1. Research on the Forecast Model of Total Viable Count on Bacon Based on Hyper spectral Imaging Technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhao Junhua

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The total viable count (TVC in bacon overweight can cause serious damage to human health. In order to find a rapid and nondestructive method of TVC, hyper spectral imaging technique was applied to quantitatively analysis of TVC on bacon. Comprehensively comparing the pretreatment method of multiple scattering, derivative method and so on finally the multiple scattering for pretreatment was used. And the interval optimization method of least squares model was set up to predict, and get a good prediction results. The correlation coefficient of the calibration and predictions respectively was 0.808 and 0.808, interactive authentication root mean square error was 0.115 and 0.198 respectively. Therefore, hyper spectral imaging technique combining iPLS can be used for the rapid detection of TVC on bacon.

  2. Redefining the role of experiment in Bacon's natural history: how Baconian was Descartes before emerging from his cocoon?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgescu, Laura; Giurgea, Mădălina

    2012-01-01

    In this article we argue that the views that Francis Bacon and René Descartes held about the role of experiments in the process of discovery are closer than previously accepted. Looking at the way experiments and the heuristics of experimentation are embedded in Bacon's posthumous History of Dense and Rare and Descartes' Discourses 8, 9, 10 of the Meteorology, we will show that experiments help the investigator both in solving specific problems that could not have otherwise been foreseen and in generating relevant information that advances the scope of the investigation.

  3. Acción y acontecimiento. Sobre los avatares de la subjetividad moderna (Kafka, Bacon, Beckett)

    OpenAIRE

    Marrades Millet, Julián

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo principal del artículo es mostrar que, en aspectos significativos, la obra artística de Franz Kafka, Samuel Beckett y Francis Bacon se hace cargo de ciertas aporías de la subjetividad moderna y puede entenderse como una respuesta crítica a las mismas dentro del horizonte de la modernidad. La especificidad de este arte crítico se analiza a través de una red de conexiones: en primer lugar, trazando contrastes entre la lógica de la acción presente en la tragedia moderna, y la lógica ...

  4. Francis Bacon sob o olhar de Gilles Deleuze: a imagem como intensidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osvaldo Fontes Filho

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available O ensaio de Gilles Deleuze La logique de la sensation é texto que se detém principalmente na prática e na eficácia da imagem. A pintura de Francis Bacon é ali tomada como paradigma de modernidade ao investir contra os clichês expressivos e ao produzir imagem junto à brutalidade dos fatos, como um contra-efeito do narrativo. Em uma obra que conjura todo modelo a representar, toda história a contar, “alguma coisa se passa”, explica Deleuze, “que define o funcionamento da pintura”. Algo se passa, tem lugar: o acontecimento de uma catástrofe e de uma histeria no ato de pintura que acomete a Figura de modo a transmitir uma potencial violência de reação e de expressão. O “Bacon” de Deleuze apresenta a realidade vivida em uma nova e não-convencional ordem de sensação. Neste artigo, são comentados os modos como o filósofo interpreta os atos físicos da pintura de Bacon — marcas aleatórias, varredura da massa pictural, escansão das superfícies —, procedimentos que introduzem no mundo visual da figuração a variedade caótica dos fatos e sentidos. Mostra-se como as faces e as figuras contorcidas, distorcidas, escorchadas de Bacon recebem uma voz conceitual complementar no texto de Deleuze. Consequentemente, focaliza-se a disposição de alguns conceitos do filósofo: diagrama, Figura, diferença, espaço háptico. Locados no espaço afetivo ou na “lógica da sensação” da pintura baconiana, esses conceitos atribuem legitimidade ao entrelaçamento e à co-implicação entre arte e filosofia. Uma última observação dá conta do fato de a prática da imagem em Bacon, apresentada por Deleuze no palco de uma modernidade particularmente solapada por um “dilúvio anestésico de imagens reprimindo a possibilidade de pensar”, evidenciar para o filósofo os rumos necessariamente sinuosos, “reptilíneos”, do pensamento moderno. Tanto o conceito como a forma criam por catástrofe, por conflagração, por varia

  5. Philosophy of experiment in early modern England: the case of Bacon, Boyle and Hooke.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anstey, Peter R

    2014-01-01

    Serious philosophical reflection on the nature of experiment began in earnest in the seventeenth century. This paper expounds the most influential philosophy of experiment in seventeenth-century England, the Bacon-Boyle-Hooke view of experiment. It is argued that this can only be understood in the context of the new experimental philosophy practised according to the Baconian theory of natural history. The distinctive typology of experiments of this view is discussed, as well as its account of the relation between experiment and theory. This leads into an assessment of other recent discussions of early modern experiment, namely, those of David Gooding, Thomas Kuhn, J.E. Tiles and Peter Dear.

  6. Ultra preconcentration of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in smoked bacon by a combination of SPE and DLLME.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiaofang; Zhou, Shu; Zhu, Quanfei; Ye, Yong; Chen, Huaixia

    2014-09-01

    A sample pretreatment method, solid-phase extraction combined with dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (SPE-DLLME), was established for the sensitive determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in smoked bacon samples. In the SPE-DLLME process, three PAHs including naphthalene (Naph), phenanthrene (Phen) and pyrene (Pyr) were extracted from samples and transferred into C18 SPE cartridge. The target analytes were subsequently eluted with 1.2 ml of acetonitrile-dichloromethane (5:1, v/v) mixture solution. The eluent was injected directly into the 5.0 ml ultrapure water in the subsequent DLLME procedure. The sedimented phase was concentrated under a gentle nitrogen flow to 120.0 µl. Finally, the analytes in the extraction solvent were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography with a ultra-violet detector. Some important extraction parameters affecting the performance, such as the sample solution flow rate, breakthrough volume, salt addition as well as the type and volume of the elution solvent were optimized. The developed method provided an ultra enrichment factors for PAHs ranged from 3478 to 3824. The method was applied for the selective extraction and sensitive determination of PAHs in smoked bacon samples. The limits of detection (S/N = 3) were 0.05, 0.01, 0.02 μg kg(-1) for Naph, Phen, Pyr, respectively.

  7. Evaluating the ability to measure pork fat quality for the production of commercial bacon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seman, D L; Barron, W N G; Matzinger, M

    2013-06-01

    This study was conducted to evaluate three fat quality measures to characterize the suitability of pork bellies for commercial bacon production. Bellies from six sources (A to F) and two weight ranges (4.5/5.5 kg and 5.5/6.4 kg) were sampled by randomly selecting 50 belly sets from commercial combos of pork bellies from each source. The fat on these 50 individual bellies was assessed for quality using three methods: an FTNIR spectrophotometer to predict iodine (IV) value, a Durometer to assess fat firmness, and a subjective fat quality score (FQS) to assess integrated values of fat color, firmness, oiliness, and wetness. Data show that the fat quality measures differed (Pbacon and bacon slicing yield index varied significantly (Pbacon slice yield. The 50 belly subsamples obtained from each source/weight class also allowed the prediction of frequency distribution-based values based on fat quality measures (proportion IV>74, proportion Durometer value 3. These were also correlated with slice yield. The data lead to a new paradigm model that is useful to describe both the uncertainty in fat quality measures and the relationships observed from pork bellies from different sources.

  8. Toward an epistemology of nano-technosciences: Probing technoscience from a historical perspective: on today's surprising prevalence and relevance of Francis Bacon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Jan C

    2011-12-01

    This paper aims to contribute to the attempts to clarify and classify the vague notion of "technosciences" from a historical perspective. A key question that is raised is as follows: Does Francis Bacon, one of the founding fathers of the modern age, provide a hitherto largely undiscovered programmatic position, which might facilitate a more profound understanding of technosciences? The paper argues that nearly everything we need today for an ontologically well-informed epistemology of technoscience can be found in the works of Bacon-this position will be called epistemological real-constructivism. Rather than realist or constructivist, empiricist or rationalist, Bacon's position can best be understood as real-constructivist since it challenges modern dichotomies. Reflection upon the contemporary relevance of Bacon could contribute to the expanding and critical discussion on technoscience. In the following I will reconstruct the term "technoscience". My finding is that at least four different understandings or types of the term "technoscience" co-exist. In a second step, I will analyze and elaborate on Bacon's epistemological position. I will identify central elements of the four different understandings in Bacon's work. Finally, I will conclude that the epistemology of technoscience is, indeed, very old-it is the epistemological position put forward by Bacon.

  9. From Bacon to Bush (Vannevar, Not G. W.): Common Ground between Useful Knowledge and Red Brick Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Storella, Elaine

    2007-01-01

    The theory about the power of useful knowledge to improve the human condition was published in Francis Bacon's "Novum organon" and his "New Atlantis" in the seventeenth century. The connection between useful knowledge and red brick institutions from University College in London to Framingham State College and MIT in…

  10. The effect of salt reduction on sensory quality and microbial growth in hotdog sausages, bacon, ham and salami.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aaslyng, Margit Dall; Vestergaard, Christian; Koch, Anette Granly

    2014-01-01

    Sodium chloride (NaCl) is a multi-functional ingredient used to inhibit microbial growth and to ensure good texture and taste in processed meat. This study showed how moderately (22-25%) and greatly (43-50%) reduction of NaCl affected yield, sensory quality and microbial growth in hotdog sausages, bacon, cooked cured ham and salami. In greatly reduced products, the yield was reduced by 8% in sausages and 6% in ham, whereas the yield in bacon and salami remained unaffected. The microbial growth was generally not affected by reducing the content of NaCl to 2.0% in sausages, 2.3% in bacon, 1.7% in ham and 6.3% in salami (aqueous phase). Salt taste, juiciness and texture were the sensory parameters most affected by the NaCl reduction. In sausages and ham, reduction from 2.2% to 1.7% and from 2.3% to 1.3% (w/w), respectively, did not alter the sensory properties. In contrast, the sensory properties of bacon and salami were significantly affected already after a moderately reduction.

  11. Aesthetic of the subversion and the violence in Francis Bacon and Frida Kahlo’s WorKs of Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catarina Pinheiro

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Having Frida Kahlo and Francis Bacon ́s work as a starting point, the authors discuss the dimensions of violence and trauma present in their creative forms and on the impact produced on the spectator. They also reflect on its connections with the clinic on the impact/countertransference phenomenon and its transformational possibilities.

  12. Are we doing any good by doing really well? (Where's the Bacon?).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herbert, Donald

    2003-04-01

    Francis Bacon, who with Rene Decartes laid the intellectual foundations for Western science in the seventeenth century, asserted that the purpose of all knowledge is "action in the production of works for ... the relief of man's estate." We assess briefly several aspects of a few of the current efforts directed to the production of such "works" with respect to such "relief" as they may provide: cancer mortality, the medical literature, evidence-based medicine, clinical trials, observational databases and criteria for the promotion and tenure of the medical faculty. We suggest why each of these efforts appears to have failed to some degree and then propose some measures that may possibly serve as correctives.

  13. [Ovicidal activity of nine essential oils against Chrysomya megacephara in bacon and kipper].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Li-Rong; Li, Hong-Yan; Zhou, Yan-Gang; Gu, Song; Lou, Yong-Gen

    2007-10-01

    To exploit safe ovicides against the flies that attack bacon and kipper, the ovicidal activity of 9 plant essential oils was investigated by a modified egg-dipping method. The results indicated that the essential oils from Cinnamomun cassia, Eugenia caryophyllata and Illicum verum had higher ovicidal activity, with their LC50 values being 0.428, 1.605 and 2.489 mg x ml(-1), respectively. Through GC/MS analysis, a total of 22 components were identified from C. cassia oil, among which, cinamaldehyde was the most predominant one, accounting for 92.33% of the total. The LC50 of synthesized cinamaldehyde (97.33%) was 0.281 mg x ml(-1), being a little higher than the LC50 of C. cassia oil, suggesting that cinamaldehyde was the main ovicidal component of C. cassia oil and could replace the latter as an ovicide against harmful flies.

  14. 改良Bacon's手术低位直肠癌中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎果然; 陈韵

    2004-01-01

    @@ 低位直肠癌保肛手术,是自1908年Mile's手术问世以来,近半世纪肿瘤外科探索的新课题.采取何种术式既能保证不亚于Mile's术的生存期,又能保证优于Mile's的生存质量,须依据病理,肿瘤生物学行为及个体差异加以合理选择.本文收集湖南省肿瘤医院1985~1995年十年间采用改良Bacon's术式治疗低位直肠癌48例进行回顾性的疗效分析.

  15. 改良Bacon's手术治疗直肠癌

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨如强

    2008-01-01

    @@ 直肠癌是普外科常见的恶性肿瘤,近年来有超过结肠癌的趋势.经典手术是治疗低位直肠癌的传统标准手术,但要切除肛,存在腹部假肛、术后性功能和泌尿功能障碍以及会阴部瘢痕性疼痛等诸多问题.信阳市东双河医院近年来采用改良Bacon's直肠癌根治术治疗直肠癌患者10例,取得了较好的治疗效果,现报道如下.

  16. Images of trauma: pain, recognition, and disavowal in the works of Frida Kahlo and Francis Bacon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bose, Joerg

    2005-01-01

    The role of art in the encounter with trauma and destructiveness is comparatively studied in the works of Frida Kahlo and Francis Bacon as examples of a direct and a more indirect way of dealing with such experiences. A creative product may function intrapsychically as a kind of messenger between dissociated self-states and consciousness, and it may also serve as a witnessing presence in a self-supporting and self-constituting way. Artistic work may thus be used by the artist for an expressive as well as for a protective purpose, as a means of sympathetic participation in painful experience, or as a medium for a view from the outside. The act itself of finding and of making expressive forms at the time of traumatic experience is a remarkable assertion of the human capability to synthesize and to counteract fragmenting dissociative processes.

  17. Antioxidant enzyme activities are affected by salt content and temperature and influence muscle lipid oxidation during dry-salted bacon processing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Guofeng; He, Lichao; Yu, Xiang; Zhang, Jianhao; Ma, Meihu

    2013-12-01

    Fresh pork bacon belly was used as material and manufactured into dry-salted bacon through salting and drying-ripening. During processing both oxidative stability and antioxidant enzyme stability were evaluated by assessing peroxide value (PV), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and activities of catalase, glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and superoxide dismutase (SOD), and their correlations were also analysed. The results showed that all antioxidant enzyme activities decreased (pbacon processing, antioxidant enzymes could effectively control lipid oxidation.

  18. Simulated restaurant cook exposure to emissions of PAHs, mutagenic aldehydes, and particles from frying bacon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jørgensen, Rikke Bramming; Strandberg, Bo; Sjaastad, Ann Kristin; Johansen, Arve; Svendsen, Kristin

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the exposure of cooks to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), higher mutagenic aldehydes, total particles, and ultrafine particles during cooking. Experiments were performed by pan frying fresh and smoked bacon on both electric and gas stoves, and with the gas alone. Detailed analyses of PAHs were performed, with analyses of the levels of 32 different PAHs. A TSI-3939 scanning mobility particle sizer system was used to measure the ultrafine particles. The results showed that total PAHs were in the range of 270-300 ng/m(3) air. However, the smoked bacon experiment showed a somewhat different PAH pattern, whereby retene constituted about 10% of the total PAHs, which is a level similar to that of the abundant gas phase constituent phenanthrene. The reason for the elevated retene emissions is unknown. The total cancer risk, expressed as toxic equivalency factors, showed a somewhat higher risk on the electric stove (p decadienal were between 34 and 54 μg/m(3) air. The level of total particles was between 2.2 and 4.2 mg/m(3). Frying on a gas stove caused a statistically significant higher amount of ultrafine particles compared with frying on an electric stove. Large variations in the mobility diameter at peak particle concentration were found (74.4 nm-153.5 nm). The highest mobility diameter was found for frying on an electric stove. The gas flame itself showed a maximum production of 19.5-nm-sized particles and could not be the explanation for the difference between frying on the gas stove and frying on the electric stove. No single indicator for the exposure to cooking fume could be selected. Each compound should be measured independently to provide a comprehensive characterization of the cooking exposure.

  19. The Interaction Between Lipoxygenase-Catalyzed Oxidation and Autoxidation in Dry-Cured Bacon and a Model System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yingyang; Tang, Jing; Zhao, Jianying; Wu, Haizhou; Ditta, Yasir Allah; Zhang, Jianhao

    2015-12-01

    A model system was conducted to characterize the interaction between lipid autoxidation and enzyme-catalyzed oxidation in dry-cured bacon. This involved the use of a hydroxyl radical (HO•) generating system and the extraction and purification of lipoxygenases (LOX) from pork belly. The results showed that LOX activity rapidly (P bacon. This may be because of the hydroxyl-radical-mediated oxidation from LOX-Fe(2+) to LOX-Fe(3+), which activates LOX. In addition, experiments of the model system also showed that LOX activity could be inhibited by increasing the substrate concentration, although substrate type and concentration had no effect on autoxidation. Moreover, LOX enzyme-catalyzed oxidation and autoxidation could act synergistically to promote lipid oxidation irrespective of the substrate (linoleic or arachidonic acid). These results provide useful information for regulating lipid oxidation during the production of dry-cured pork products.

  20. 腹腔镜下直肠改良Bacon's术21例临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶平江; 应晓江; 潘伟火; 李刚

    2010-01-01

    目的 评价腹腔镜下改良Bacon's术在低位直肠肿瘤保肛术中的作用和优势.方法 对21例低位直肠肿瘤患者行腹腔镜下改良Bacon's术的资料进行分析.结果 术后拖出肠管大出血1例,吻合口狭窄2例.半年后患者可控制排气排便.排便次数:1~2次者5例,3~4次者10例,>4次者6例.肛门节制功能评价:优12例,良9例.随访9个月至4年,肝脏转移1例,无穿刺孔种植转移.结论 腹腔镜下改良Bacon's术无吻合口漏,创伤小,恢复快,术中不需使用双吻合器,住院费用低,疗效确切,可以作为低位直肠肿瘤保肛手术的一种备选术式.

  1. Effects of feeding pelleted diets without or with distillers dried grains with solubles on fresh belly characteristics, fat quality, and commercial bacon slicing yields of finishing pigs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Overholt, M F; Lowell, J E; Wilson, K B; Matulis, R J; Stein, H H; Dilger, A C; Boler, D D

    2016-05-01

    One hundred ninety-two pigs were blocked by age and stratified by initial BW (25.7 ± 2.3 kg) into pens (2 barrows and 2 gilts/pen), and within blocks, pens were assigned randomly to 1 of 4 treatments in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement, with main effects of diet form (meal vs. pelleted) and distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) inclusion (0% vs. 30%). Pigs were slaughtered after a 91-d feeding trial, and carcasses were fabricated after a 24-h chilling period. Belly dimensions and flop distance were measured, and an adipose tissue sample from each belly was collected for fatty acid analysis. Bacon was manufactured at a commercial processing facility before being returned to the University of Illinois Meat Science Laboratory for further evaluation. Although bellies from pigs fed pelleted diets were 5.3% heavier ( bacon weight and cooked yield were greater ( ≤ 0.01) for bellies from pellet-fed than meal-fed pigs. Despite pellet-fed pigs having a 3.1-unit greater iodine value (IV) than meal-fed pigs, there was no effect ( ≥ 0.16) of diet form on commercial bacon slicing yields. Bacon slabs from pellet-fed pigs produced more ( bacon slices, but 3.1% fewer ( bacon slices than feeding 30% DDGS. Distillers dried grains with solubles inclusion had no effect on slice yields ( ≥ 0.14) or slices per kilogram ( = 0.08). Overall, bellies from pellet-fed pigs were heavier and had greater IV but did not differ in commercial slicing yields from meal-fed pigs. Feeding pigs 30% DDGS produced thinner, softer bellies with greater IV, but slicing yields were not different from bellies of pigs fed 0% DDGS. Thus, swine producers can feed pelleted diets, without or with 30% DDGS, without negatively affecting commercial bacon slicing yield.

  2. Los usos políticos del cuerpo: los dos cuerpos del rey en la filosofía política de Francis Bacon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Manzo

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Como figure destacada en el complejo escenario político de la transición entre la dinastía Tudor y la dinastía Estuardo de Inglaterra, Francis Bacon (1561-1626 adoptó la teoría de los dos cuerpos del rey en sus textos políticos y jurídicos. Su uso de esta teoría tiene una estrecha conexión con conceptos centrales de su filosofía natural que testimonia la profunda conexión que Bacon encuentra entre la política y la naturaleza. En este trabajo, analizaré su utilización de la teoría medieval de los dos cuerpos del rey y la vinculación que esta tiene con el resto de la filosofía baconiana. Tomaré como eje para el análisis su discurso sobre la naturalización de los escoceses nacidos después de la subida al trono de James I, donde Bacon trata el concepto de los dos cuerpos del rey con más profundidad.As a prominent intellectual figure in the complex political arena of England, during the transition from Tudor to Stuart dinasties, Francis Bacon (1561-1626 assumes the medieval King's two bodies theory in his political and juridical writings. His use of this theory is extremely linked to central concepts of his natural philosphy, which testifies to the deep connection that Bacon finds between politics and nature. This paper addresses Bacon's use of the King's two bodies theory and its link to the rest of the Baconian philosophy. The focus of this study will be his discourse on the naturalization of Scots born after James I assumption of power, where Bacon deals more deeply with the King's two bodies theory.

  3. Extensometer, water-level, and lithologic data from Bacon and Bethel Islands in Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, California, September 1987 to August 1993

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerr, Barry D.; Leighton, David A.

    1999-01-01

    Compaction, water-level, and lithologic data were collected at extensometer sites on Bacon and Bethel Islands, anchored at 436 and 536 feet below land surface, respectively. The data reported here are part of a study of the processes causing subsidence in the Sacramento?San Joaquin Delta. The depths were selected to ensure that they were well below the peat layer and the primary aquifer, which minimized the effects of peat loss and shallow ground-water withdrawal. Compaction and depth to ground water were measured monthly at Bacon Island from September 1987 through August 1993 and at Bethel Island from August 1988 through August 1993. After automatic digital data loggers were installed at Bacon Island in December 1988 and at Bethel Island in September 1989, hourly readings also were made. Calculated rates of compaction were 0.0015 and 0.0016 feet per year at Bacon and Bethel Islands, respectively. Cumulative compaction at the Bacon Island site from September 1987 to August 1993 was about 0.009 feet. Cumulative compaction at the Bethel Island site from August 1988 to August 1993 was about 0.008 feet.

  4. Analysis of Nitrosamines in Cooked Bacon by QuEChERS Sample Preparation and Gas Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry with Backflushing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehotay, Steven J; Sapozhnikova, Yelena; Han, Lijun; Johnston, John J

    2015-12-02

    Nitrites are added as a preservative to a variety of cured meats, including bacon, to kill bacteria, extend shelf life, and improve quality. During cooking, nitrites in the meat can be converted to carcinogenic nitrosamines (NAs), the formation of which is mitigated by the addition of antioxidants. In the past, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) monitored NAs in pan-fried bacon, but FSIS terminated monitoring of NAs in the 1990s due to the very low levels found. FSIS recently chose to conduct a risk assessment of NAs in cooked bacon to determine if current levels warrant routine monitoring of NAs again. To meet FSIS needs, we developed, validated, and implemented a new method of sample preparation and analysis to test cooked bacon for five NAs of most concern, which consist of N-nitroso-dimethylamine, -diethylamine, -dibutylamine, -piperidine, and -pyrrolidine. Sample preparation was based on the QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe) approach and analysis by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Ruggedness was improved markedly in the analysis of the complex fatty extracts by backflushing the guard column, injection liner, and half of the analytical column after every injection. Validation results were acceptable with recoveries of 70-120% and bacon gave slightly lower concentrations overall compared to pan-frying.

  5. Four centuries on from Bacon: progress in building health research systems to improve health systems?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanney, Stephen R; González-Block, Miguel A

    2014-09-23

    In 1627, Francis Bacon's New Atlantis described a utopian society in which an embryonic research system contributed to meeting the needs of the society. In this editorial, we use some of the aspirations described in New Atlantis to provide a context within which to consider recent progress in building health research systems to improve health systems and population health. In particular, we reflect on efforts to build research capacity, link research to policy, identify the wider impacts made by the science, and generally build fully functioning research systems to address the needs identified. In 2014, Health Research Policy and Systems has continued to publish one-off papers and article collections covering a range of these issues in both high income countries and low- and middle-income countries. Analysis of these contributions, in the context of some earlier ones, is brought together to identify achievements, challenges and possible ways forward. We show how 2014 is likely to be a pivotal year in the development of ways to assess the impact of health research on policies, practice, health systems, population health, and economic benefits.We demonstrate how the increasing focus on health research systems will contribute to realising the hopes expressed in the World Health Report, 2013, namely that all nations would take a systematic approach to evaluating the outputs and applications resulting from their research investment.

  6. NURSING CONSULTATION AS A TECHNOLOGY FOR CARE IN LIGHT OF THE THOUGHTS OF BACON AND GALIMBERTI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cilene Nunes Dantas

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es reflexionar sobre el uso de La tecnología del cuidado de enfermería de Atención Primaria de Salud desde el punto de vista filosófico. Se trata de una investigación teórica y reflexiva sobre el uso de la tecnología y el proceso de enfermería/consulta de enfermería en la atención primaria de salud, basado en los presupuestos de Bacon y Galimberti. El pensamiento filosófico favorece la expansión de las discusiones y el alcance de la práctica de enfermería a través de un proceso sistemático y estructurado científicamente. La consulta de enfermería es vista como un elemento esencial para mejorar la calidad de la atención, que sea más humana y centrada en la persona, familia y comunidad.

  7. Lactococcus lactis and Lactobacillus sakei as bio-protective culture to eliminate Leuconostoc mesenteroides spoilage and improve the shelf life and sensorial characteristics of commercial cooked bacon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comi, Giuseppe; Andyanto, Debbie; Manzano, Marisa; Iacumin, Lucilla

    2016-09-01

    Cooked bacon is a typical Italian meat product. After production, cooked bacon is stored at 4 ± 2 °C. During storage, the microorganisms that survived pasteurisation can grow and produce spoilage. For the first time, we studied the cause of the deterioration in spoiled cooked bacon compared to unspoiled samples. Moreover, the use of bio-protective cultures to improve the quality of the product and eliminate the risk of spoilage was tested. The results show that Leuconostoc mesenteroides is responsible for spoilage and produces a greening colour of the meat, slime and various compounds that result from the fermentation of sugars and the degradation of nitrogen compounds. Finally, Lactococcus lactis spp. lactis and Lactobacillus sakei were able to reduce the risk of Leuconostoc mesenteroides spoilage.

  8. Effects of plant polyphenols and α-tocopherol on lipid oxidation, microbiological characteristics, and biogenic amines formation in dry-cured bacons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yongli; Li, Feng; Zhuang, Hong; Li, Lianghao; Chen, Xiao; Zhang, Jianhao

    2015-03-01

    Effects of plant polyphenols (tea polyphenol [TP], grape seed extract [GSE], and gingerol) and α-tocopherol on physicochemical parameters, microbiological counts, and biogenic amines were determined in dry-cured bacons at the end of ripening. Results showed that plant polyphenols and α-tocopherol significantly decreased pH, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances content, and total volatile basic nitrogen (TVBN) compared with the control (P TVBN, tyramine, 2-phenylethylamine, yeast, and molds. These findings suggest that plant polyphenols, especially TP, could be used to process dry-cured bacons to improve the quality and safety of finished products.

  9. An evaluation of the deep reservoir conditions of the Bacon-Manito geothermal field, Philippines using well gas chemistry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    D' Amore, Franco; Maniquis-Buenviaje, Marinela; Solis, Ramonito P.

    1993-01-28

    Gas chemistry from 28 wells complement water chemistry and physical data in developing a reservoir model for the Bacon-Manito geothermal project (BMGP), Philippines. Reservoir temperature, THSH, and steam fraction, y, are calculated or extrapolated from the grid defined by the Fischer-Tropsch (FT) and H2-H2S (HSH) gas equilibria reactions. A correction is made for H2 that is lost due to preferential partitioning into the vapor phase and the reequilibration of H2S after steam loss.

  10. Effects of immunological castration (Improvest) on further processed belly characteristics and commercial bacon slicing yields of finishing pigs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kyle, J M; Bohrer, B M; Schroeder, A L; Matulis, R J; Boler, D D

    2014-09-01

    Objectives were to compare fresh belly characteristics, further processed belly characteristics, and commercial bacon slicing yields of immunologically castrated (IC) barrows, IC barrows fed ractopamine hydrochloride (IC+RAC), physically castrated (PC) barrows, intact males, and gilts. One hundred eighty-eight bellies from pigs housed in single sex pens (n = 48) slaughtered at 130 kg ending live weight were evaluated for flop distance, length, width, thickness, and fatty acid composition. Bellies were injected, thermally processed, and sliced according to standard protocols at a USDA federally inspected facility. Complete slices were sorted by trained plant personnel. Then, sliced bellies were individually packaged to maintain anatomical orientation. The effects of treatments were analyzed as a generalized linear mixed model with pen of pigs serving as the experimental unit for all comparisons. Belly thickness was not different (P ≥ 0.11) in bellies from IC barrows (3.74 cm) compared with bellies from IC+RAC (3.60 cm), PC barrows (3.94 cm), or gilts (3.64 cm); however, bellies were 0.42 cm thicker (P bacon manufactured from IC barrows were less than both PC barrows and gilts.

  11. La prolongation de la vie humaine selon Francis Bacon. Ou : quel Tithon voulons-nous être ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominique Weber

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Afin de comprendre avec exactitude la manière dont Francis Bacon envisage la question de la prolongation de la vie humaine, il faut impérativement examiner l’assise théologique de la réflexion du philosophe à ce sujet. Il convient aussi de restituer l’intégration de cette réflexion dans les objectifs plus amples de la philosophie naturelle nouvelle. Enfin, il est nécessaire de comprendre les dimensions proprement morales de la question. Car la prolongation de la vie humaine n’est pas seulement, au sein de la philosophie naturelle nouvelle, un cas parmi d’autres des recherches qu’il faut désormais effectuer : en réalité, c’est elle qui lui donne et qui lui fixe son sens ; avec elle se joue l’effectivité de l’identité espérée entre science et puissance. Mais il faut encore préciser qu’il ne s’agit aucunement pour l’homme de vieillir pour vieillir : il s’agit pour lui de pouvoir vieillir bien. Les leçons que Bacon tire de la fable de Tithon sont ici véritablement décisives.

  12. Effects of plant polyphenols and a-tocopherol on lipid oxidation, microbiological characteristics, and biogenic amines formation in dry-cured bacons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Effects of plant polyphenols (tea polyphenol, grape seed extract, and gingerol) and a-tocopherol on physicochemical parameters, microbiological counts, and biogenic amines were determined in dry-cured bacons at the end of ripening. Results showed that plant polyphenols and a-tocopherol significantly...

  13. Influence of partial replacement of NaCl with KCl on profiles of volatile compounds in dry-cured bacon during processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    This study investigated the influence of partial substitution of NaCl with KCl on the formation of volatile compounds in bacons during processing using a purge and trap dynamic headspace GC/MS system. Three substitutions were 0% KCl (I), 40% KCl (II), and 70% KCl (III). The profiles of the volatile ...

  14. Effects of immunological castration and distiller's dried grains with solubles on carcass cutability and commercial bacon slicing yields of barrows slaughtered at two time points.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tavárez, M A; Bohrer, B M; Asmus, M D; Schroeder, A L; Matulis, R J; Boler, D D; Dilger, A C

    2014-07-01

    Male pigs were randomly assigned to a castration method at birth and allotted to 48 pens (28 pigs/pen). Physically castrated (PC) barrows were castrated at 2 d of age; immunologically castrated (IC) barrows were administered Improvest (GnRF analog diphtheria toxoid conjugate; Zoetis, Kalamazoo, MI) at 16 and 20 wk of age. Distiller's dried grains with solubles (DDGS) feeding strategies included either 0% DDGS (control), 30% DDGS (30% DDGS) fed from 6 wk of age to slaughter, or 30% DDGS fed from 6 wk of age to second dose of Improvest and then fed 0% DDGS until slaughter (withdrawal). Four barrows closest to the median pen weight at 4.5 wk after second dose were selected for evaluation; two were randomly selected and slaughtered at 5 wk and the other two at 7 wk after second dose. Data from each slaughter time were analyzed independently as a 2 × 3 factorial design with pen as the experimental unit. At 5 wk after second dose, bone-in lean cutting yields were 2.63% units greater (P Bacon slicing yields (percentage of green weight) were 6.10% units less (P Bacon slicing yields (percentage of green weight) were 4.27% units less (P = 0.05) in IC compared with PC. These data suggested that while bacon slicing yield was reduced in IC barrows fed control and 30% DDGS compared with PC barrow counterparts, withdrawal of DDGS improved bacon slicing yields of IC barrows.

  15. Francis Bacon czyli Diego Velázquez na fotelu dentystycznym - malarskie i inne cytaty jako "dodatek" do rozpraszającego się życia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Nieukerken, A.

    2014-01-01

    "Francis Bacon or Diego Velázquez in a dentist’s chair" - pictorial and other kinds of quotations as an addition to a disintegrating life The mature poetry of Tadeusz Różewicz seems to be at odds with both modernist and postmodern literary tenets. It undeniably makes abundant use of intertextuality

  16. Analysis of nitrosamines in cooked bacon by QuEChERS sample preparation and gas chromatography – tandem mass spectrometry with backflushing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nitrites are added as a preservative to a variety of cured meats, including bacon, to kill bacteria, extend shelf-life, and improve quality. During cooking, nitrites in the meat can be converted to carcinogenic nitrosamines (NAs), the formation of which are mitigated by the addition of anti-oxidant...

  17. Alternating dietary fat sources for growing-finishing pigs fed dried distillers grains with solubles: II. Fresh belly and bacon quality characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Browne, N A; Apple, J K; Maxwell, C V; Yancey, J W; Johnson, T M; Galloway, D L; Bass, B E

    2013-03-01

    Crossbred pigs (n = 216) were used to test the effects of phase-feeding beef tallow (BT) and yellow grease (YGr) on fresh belly and bacon quality characteristics of growing-finishing swine fed dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS). Pigs were blocked by initial BW (26.0 ± 5.3 kg) before allotment to pens (6 pigs/pen), and pens (6 pens/block) were assigned randomly to 1 of 6 dietary treatments: 1) corn-soybean meal-based grower and finisher diets formulated with 4.7% YGr fed during all 5 feeding phases (YG15); 2) corn-soybean meal-based diets formulated with 5.0% BT fed during all 5 phases (BT15); 3) diets containing 5.0% BT fed during the first 2 phases and diets with 4.7% YGr fed the last 3 phases (YG345); 4) diets formulated with 5.0% BT fed during first 3 phases and diets containing 4.7% YGr fed during the last 2 phases (YG45); 5) diets containing 4.7% YGr fed during the first 3 phases and diets with 5.0% BT fed during the last 2 feeding phases (BT45); or 6) diets formulated with 4.7% YGr fed during the first 2 phases and diets with 5.0% BT fed during the last 3 phases (BT345). All dietary treatments were formulated with 30% dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) during the first 3 phases, 15% DDGS in the fourth phase, and no DDGS during the last phase. Fresh belly quality data were collected on the left-side bellies, whereas bacon from the right-side bellies was prepared under commercial processing conditions. Additionally, USDA-certified No. 1 slices were collected for cooking characteristics and sensory panel evaluations. Bellies from the YG15-fed pigs were softer (P ≤ 0.05) than bellies from BT15-fed pigs; however, instrumentally measured belly firmness was not (P ≥ 0.06) different among treatments. Concentrations of palmitic, stearic, and oleic acids, as well as all SFA and all MUFA, were greater (P bacon (P ≥ 0.06), mechanical bacon tenderness (P ≥ 0.69), and bacon palatability attributes (P ≥ 0.55) were not affected by the dietary

  18. Clinical efficacy of laparoscopic Mile's operation and modified Bacon's operation in the treatment of rectum cancer%腹腔镜下Mile's手术和改良Bacon's手术治疗直肠癌的临床疗效比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白东林

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical efficacy of laparoscopic Mile's operation and modified Bacon's operation in the treatment of rectum cancer. Methods The clinica data of 64 patients with rectum cancer from June 2007 to June 2012 in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into the control group and the study group. Patients in the control group (n=31) were treated with laparoscopic Mile's operation, while those in the study group (n=33) were treated with laparoscopic modified Bacon's operation. The perioperative indicators, postoperative defecation function and survival situation were analyzed. Results The mean operation time, the mean blood loss, the number of lymph nodes, the length of hospital stay, and the incidence of complications showed no statistically significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). The time of recovering defecation function in the study group was significantly shorter than that in the control group (P0.05). Conclusion Laparoscopic Mile's operation and modified Bacon's operation have similar clinical efficacy for treating rectum cancer, but modified Bacon's operation result in better defecate function.%目的 观察腹腔镜下Mile's 手术和改良Bacon's 手术治疗直肠癌的临床疗效.方法 回顾性分析 我院2007 年6 月至2012 年6 月收治的64 例直肠癌患者的临床资料,根据手术方式分为对照组和观察组,对照组 31 例行腹腔镜辅助Mile's 手术,观察组33 例行腹腔镜辅助Bacon's 手术.分别对两组围手术期指标、术后排便功 能及生存情况进行比较分析.结果 对照组和观察组手术时间、术中出血量、并发症发生率、住院时间及淋巴结 清扫数量比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).观察组排便功能恢复的时间显著低于对照组,差异具有统计学意义 (P0.05).结论 腹腔镜 下Mile's手术和改良Bacon's 手术疗效相当,但改良Bacon's 手术患者术后排便功能恢复快.

  19. Bacon's View of Language and Its Influence%培根的语言观及其影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍先禄

    2009-01-01

    培根是英国经验主义的代表人物和现代实验科学的奠基人.但是对他语言观的研究却一直被人们忽视.详读,我们发现语言本体论的思想在培根的语言观中初现端倪.此外,他的语言观对洪堡特、弗雷格、维特根斯坦等哲学家的思想都有影响.因此,本文从培根的语言观入手,分析他的语言非工具论思想,探讨他对语词模糊问题的划分,进而揭示他语言观中的本体论倾向.同时,本文也在一定程度上可以为语言本体论的研究提供借鉴.%As one of the representations of English empiricism and the forefather of modem experimental science, Francis Bacon's view of language always is neglected. By reading Novum Organum extensively, we found that his thought showed a tendency of ontolo-gy of language. All the mentioned ideas reflected in Humboldt, Frege, Wittgenstein and other analytical philosophers' works. Firstly, we analyze Bacon's view of language ; and then study his opinion on the instrumentalist view of language and the division of linguistic vagueness; finally we endeavor to show his ideas for ontology of language in order to provide some reference to the study of ontology of language.

  20. Proteolysis and sensory properties of dry-cured bacon as affected by the partial substitution of sodium chloride with potassium chloride.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Haizhou; Zhang, Yingyang; Long, Men; Tang, Jing; Yu, Xiang; Wang, Jiamei; Zhang, Jianhao

    2014-03-01

    Quadriceps femoris muscle samples (48) from 24 pigs were processed into dry-cured bacon. This study investigated the influence of partial substitution of sodium chloride (NaCl) with potassium chloride (KCl) on proteolysis and sensory properties of dry-cured bacon. Three salt treatments were considered, namely, I (100% NaCl), II (60% NaCl, 40% KCl), and III (30% NaCl, 70% KCl). No significant differences were observed among treatments in the proteolysis, which was reflected by SDS-PAGE, proteolysis index, amino acid nitrogen, and peptide nitrogen contents. Furthermore, there were no significant differences in the moisture content between control and treatment II, whereas the moisture content in treatment III was significantly higher (pbacon with less hardness and saltiness and higher (p<0.05) juiciness and bitterness.

  1. Effect of distillers dried grains with solubles and ractopamine (Paylean) on quality and shelf-life of fresh pork and bacon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leick, C M; Puls, C L; Ellis, M; Killefer, J; Carr, T R; Scramlin, S M; England, M B; Gaines, A M; Wolter, B F; Carr, S N; McKeith, F K

    2010-08-01

    Pigs (n = 240) were allotted in a 5 x 2 factorial arrangement with 5 levels of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS): 0, 15, 30, 45, and 60%, and 2 ractopamine (RAC) levels: 0 and 5 mg/kg. Four pigs per pen (2 barrows, 2 gilts) closest to pen mean BW were used for meat quality evaluation. Loins (n = 119) were evaluated for objective color; moisture and fat; subjective color, marbling, and firmness; and drip loss. Bellies (n = 119) were evaluated for weight, length, width, thickness, objective fat color, and firmness. Cured bellies were evaluated for pump yield, cook loss, and sliced bacon cook loss. Loin thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) were evaluated on enhanced (salt and phosphate) boneless chops held in modified atmosphere (80% O(2)/20% CO(2)) packages for 0, 7, 14, and 21 d. Bacon TBARS were evaluated on sliced bacon held in vacuum packages for 0, 28, 56, and 84 d. Fat samples were collected from each jowl and belly and evaluated for fatty acid profile and iodine value (IV). Increasing DDGS decreased subjective marbling (P = 0.0134) and firmness (P = 0.0235), and increased drip loss (P = 0.0046). Distillers dried grains with solubles did not affect loin pH, subjective or objective color, percent moisture, or percent fat (P > 0.05). The RAC decreased subjective color (P = 0.0239), marbling (P = 0.0445), and a* (P = 0.0355). Increasing DDGS decreased belly weight (P = 0.0155), length (P = 0.0008), thickness (P = 0.0019), and firmness (P = 0.0054); decreased belly fat L* (P = 0.0818); and increased belly cook loss (P = 0.0890). Ractopamine did not affect any belly measurements, and there were no DDGS x RAC interactions (P > 0.05). Distillers dried grains with solubles did not affect loin TBARS at 0, 7, or 14 d. At 21 d, loin TBARS from 30, 45, and 60% DDGS groups were increased compared with 0 and 15% groups (P 0.05) loin TBARS, and there were no (P > 0.05) DDGS x RAC interactions. Distillers dried grains with solubles and RAC did not affect

  2. 荧光分光光度计法测定腊肉中维生素C%Determination of Vitamin C in bacon by fluorescence spectrophotometry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张金艳; 袁林峰; 聂根新; 魏益华; 罗林广

    2011-01-01

    Samples of Vitamin C was extracted by sodium metaphosphate ,2,6- dichloro indophend oxidized dehydro-genation into phenol indigo type ascorbic acid, reacted with o - phenylendiamine in order to generate the flourescent material - quinoxaline. That the fluorescent intensity and dehydrogenation ascorbic acid is proportional to the concentration determine the content of VC in bacon. The fluorescence intensity of quinoxaline was detected by fluorescence spec-trophotometry with 360nm excitation wavelength and 430nm emission wavelength. The detection limit in bacon of this method was 0. 95 mg kg -1, RSD was 2.4%. The recovery rate of VC was between 87. 2% and 94. 3%. By using fluorescence spectrophotometer method and 2,4- dinitrophenylhydrazine colorimetric method determined the VC in the bacon simultaneously, there were no significant difference, but the fluorescence spectrophotometer method had higher precision. It is proved that determination of VC in bacon by fluorescence spectrophotometry is high sensitivity, speedi-ness and accurate.%样品中的VC用偏磷酸钠提取,经2,6-二氯靛酚氧化成脱氢型抗坏血酸后与邻苯二胺(OPDA)反应,生成具有荧光的喹喔啉(quinoxaline),其荧光强度与脱氢抗坏血酸的浓度在一定条件下成正比,以此测定腊肉中VC含量.荧光分光光度计在激发波长360nm,发射波长430nm测定喹喔啉荧光强度.该方法VC的检出限为0.95mg.kg-1,相对标准偏差(RSD) 2.4%,回收率在87.2%~94.3%之间.用荧光分光光度计法和2,4-二硝基苯肼比色法同时测定腊肉中VC,发现二者结果无显著差异,但荧光分光光度计法精密度高于2,4-二硝基苯肼比色法.实验证明,荧光分光光度计法测量腊肉中VC具有灵敏度高、快速、准确等优点.

  3. Effects of time after a second dose of immunization against GnRF (Improvest) independent of age at slaughter on commercial bacon slicing characteristics of immunologically castrated barrows.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tavárez, M A; Bohrer, B M; Herrick, R T; Mellencamp, M A; Matulis, R J; Ellis, M; Boler, D D; Dilger, A C

    2016-01-01

    The objective was to determine the effects of time after a second dose of anti-GnRF immunization on fresh belly characteristics and slicing yields of immunologically castrated (IC) barrows, physically castrated (PC) barrows and gilts slaughtered at 24 weeks of age. The second dose was staggered so that IC barrows were slaughtered at 4, 6, 8, or 10 weeks after the second dose. Fresh belly characteristics (N=141) were collected at slaughter and bacon was manufactured commercially. The main effects in the model were treatment and the random effects of block and block within replication. Thickness, flop distance, and lipid content increased (L; Pbacon slicing characteristics in IC barrows.

  4. 低位直肠癌腹腔镜改良Bacon's手术30例的术后护理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王云霞; 屈清荣; 张豫峰

    2009-01-01

    目的:探讨低位直肠癌腹腔镜改良Bacon's手术后护理方法.方法:术后进行肛周护理,定期扩肛、便后坐浴,保持各种引流管通畅,观察并记录引流量及引流液性质.结果:本组均获成功,无中转开腹及副创伤.手术时间220~315 min,术中出血20~280 ml,术中肠管断缘病理切片无癌残留,本组保肛率100%,术后胃肠功能恢复时间3 d,术后并发尿潴留1例,保留导尿管5 d后恢复自行排尿.无其他并发症发生,术后住院7~9 d.结论:加强术后护理及饮食指导和排便训练,能有效降低低位直肠癌腹腔镜改良Bacon's手术后并发症,促进排便功能恢复.

  5. Influence of dietary oils and protein level on pork quality. 2. Effects on properties of fat and processing characteristics of bacon and frankfurter-style sausages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teye, G A; Wood, J D; Whittington, F M; Stewart, A; Sheard, P R

    2006-05-01

    Palm kernel oil (PKO) and palm oil (PO) are used in tropical countries as cheaper substitutes for conventional feed sources such as soya bean oil (SBO) but little is known about their effects on meat quality. This study, therefore, evaluated the effects of these three dietary oils on the fatty acid composition (FA) of pork fat and the qualities of belly bacon and frankfurter sausage. The 3×2 factorial design also included high and low dietary protein. Total cooking loss, water loss and fat losses were determined in frankfurter sausages at chopping temperatures from 2 to 24°C. PKO resulted in a poor P:S ratio (0.34) and a relatively hard fat (slip point 32.8°C), but resulted in bacon with a higher tensile cohesive force and more high quality slices, judged subjectively. PO had a fatty acid composition closer to the SBO control, a better P:S ratio than PKO (0.48) and softer fat. There was a trend for total cooking losses and fat losses to be higher in PKO compared with PO and SBO at all chopping temperatures, suggesting that the firmest, most saturated fat (PKO) was least suitable for frankfurter production. The low protein diet increased the concentration of saturated fatty acids and increased fat firmness but its effect on fatty acid composition and other properties were less marked than those of oil type.

  6. Effects of plant polyphenols and a-tocopherol on lipid oxidation, residual nitrites, biogenic amines, and N-nitrosamines formation during ripening and storage of dry-cured bacon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Effects of plant polyphenols (green tea polyphenols (GTP) and grape seed extract (GSE) and a-tocopherol on physicochemical parameters, lipid oxidation, residual nitrite, microbiological counts, biogenic amines, and N-nitrosamines were determined in bacons during dry-curing and storage. Results show ...

  7. Scientific Discovery by Computer Simulation:Reviews on BACON%研究科学发现的计算途径:对BACON程序的考察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小红

    2004-01-01

    二十世纪末,人工智能(AI)界出现一个不同于历史、哲学、心理学的研究科学发现的新领域,即机器发现,这种机器发现工作已经远远超出其本身所有的人工智能价值而对科学史、科学哲学乃至认知科学研究产生了广泛影响.本文从方法论视角考察最重要的机器发现程序之一BACON,以揭示它对我们了解科学发现本性的重要意义.

  8. INCREASING OIL RECOVERY THROUGH ADVANCED REPROCESSING OF 3D SEISMIC, GRANT CANYON AND BACON FLAT FIELDS, NYE COUNTY, NEVADA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eric H. Johnson; Don E. French

    2001-06-01

    Makoil, Inc., of Orange, California, with the support of the U.S. Department of Energy has reprocessed and reinterpreted the 3D seismic survey of the Grant Canyon area, Railroad Valley, Nye County, Nevada. The project was supported by Dept. of Energy Grant DE-FG26-00BC15257. The Grant Canyon survey covers an area of 11 square miles, and includes Grant Canyon and Bacon Flat oil fields. These fields have produced over 20 million barrels of oil since 1981, from debris slides of Devonian rocks that are beneath 3,500 to 5,000 ft of Tertiary syntectonic deposits that fill the basin of Railroad Valley. High-angle and low-angle normal faults complicate the trap geometry of the fields, and there is great variability in the acoustic characteristics of the overlying valley fill. These factors combine to create an area that is challenging to interpret from seismic reflection data. A 3D seismic survey acquired in 1992-93 by the operator of the fields has been used to identify development and wildcat locations with mixed success. Makoil believed that improved techniques of processing seismic data and additional well control could enhance the interpretation enough to improve the chances of success in the survey area. The project involved the acquisition of hardware and software for survey interpretation, survey reprocessing, and reinterpretation of the survey. SeisX, published by Paradigm Geophysical Ltd., was chosen as the interpretation software, and it was installed on a Dell Precision 610 computer work station with the Windows NT operating system. The hardware and software were selected based on cost, possible addition of compatible modeling software in the future, and the experience of consulting geophysicists in the Billings area. Installation of the software and integration of the hardware into the local office network was difficult at times but was accomplished with some technical support from Paradigm and Hewlett Packard, manufacturer of some of the network equipment. A

  9. Effect of Composite Antimicrobial Coating on Quality of Bacon%复合抗菌膜对腊肉品质的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王卫东; 曹泽虹; 孙月娥; 秦卫东

    2012-01-01

    采用羧甲基纤维素(CMC)与明胶制作复合型抗菌膜用于腊肉的防腐保鲜。以膜的水蒸气透过率、膜的厚度和透光度为主要指标,对膜液的组成进行优化,以此为基础加入适量的山梨酸钾,制备出具有良好性能的复合型抗菌膜。结果表明,将CMC与明胶以质量比1:2的比例配制成质量浓度10g/L的成膜液,添加质量分数0.4%的甘油和0.08%的山梨酸钾制成复合抗菌膜,对腊肉进行涂膜保鲜够延缓腊肉的腐败速度,延长贮藏时间。%A composite antimicrobial coating made by carboxymethylcellulose(CMC) and gelatin was used for preservation of bacon.Using water vapor permeability,transparency and thickness as indicators,the formula of antimicrobial film was optimized.Meanwhile,the composite antimicrobial coating was also added potassium sorbate during preparation process.The results showed the best composite antimicrobial coating was achieved by adding 0.4% glycerol and 0.08% potassium sorbate to 10 g/L film-forming solution composed of carboxymethylcellulose and gelatin at a ratio of 1:2.Bacon dipped in the composite antimicrobial film-forming solution revealed a slow decay rate and prolonged storage period.

  10. Of Bacon and Bananas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saffioti, Carol Lee

    1977-01-01

    Exercises in sketching a scene of words, focusing, describing elemental structure (using comparison, contrast, analogy, and antithesis), and sketching and writing about still-life arrangements can heighten students' awareness of sense impressions and lead to improved writing skills. (TJ)

  11. Windmills, Butter, and Bacon

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjermitslev, Hans Henrik

    2015-01-01

    In spite of ideological concerns due to N.F.S. Grundtvig’s reservations about the natural sciences and the traditional education of his day, the Grundtvigian movement and, especially, teachers at the People’s High Schools and the agricultural schools played an important role in the dissemination ...

  12. O projeto da Grande Instauração de Francis Bacon e por que Kant lhe dedicou a Crítica = Francis Bacon’s project of the Instauratio Magna, and why Kant dedicated the Critique to him

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spinelli, Miguel

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo principal deste artigo consiste em averiguar os propósitos que levaram Bacon a compor o que chamou de Instauratio Magna: uma grande instauração da ciência futura nos termos de uma ampla restauração do passado da ciência. Trata-se de uma exposição de seu projeto (do que idealizou fazer em contraposição ao que efetivamente realizou. Visto que Kant dedicou a Bacon a Crítica da Razão pura, também se impôs como objetivo deste artigo a necessidade de buscar o motivo dessa dedicatória

  13. 川味香辣腊肉辣椒酱制作工艺%The Production Process of Sichuan-styIe Spicy Bacon ChiIi Sauce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂相珍; 申丽媛

    2016-01-01

    文章以四川腊肉、黄豆酱、菜籽油、干辣椒为主要原料制作川味香辣腊肉辣椒酱。通过正交试验确定其制作的最佳配方,即腊肉17%,黄豆酱7%,菜籽油54%,干辣椒10%。其成品颜色红、褐相间,口感香辣可口,是一种具有川味特色的辣椒酱。%In this paper,take Sichuan bacon,soybean paste,rapesee d oil,dried peppers as the main raw materials to produce a kind of Sichuan-style spicy bacon chili sauce.The optimal making formula is determined by orthogonal experiment design.The result shows that the optimal making formula is bacon of 17%,soybean paste of 7%,rapeseed oil of 54%,dried peppers of 10%.The color of the finished product is red and brown with spicy and toothsome taste.It is a kind of chili sauce with Sichuan specialty.

  14. 山梨醇对咸肉制品品质的影响%Effect of the sorbitol on the characters of bacon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟玉虎; 郇延军; 陈妹; 栾亚

    2013-01-01

    Sorbitol is a kind of phosphorus-free water holding agent,the effects of sorbitol addition on the characters of bacon were studied,including water holding capacity,texture,sensory evaluation and the distribution of moisture.The results showed that the added sorbitol could improve moisture content,reduce loss rate of products,and improve product yield.Meanwhile,during the bacon processing,sorbitol could reduce three kinds of water activity,through the low field nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) studying.Hardness and chewiness were obviously improved(p <0.05),while flexibility and cohesion were not significant(p >0.05).When volume of addition was 8% or less,sorbitol could significantly improve the taste,juiciness of products,and the optimal adding amount for overall acceptability was 8%.Texture,water holding capacity,T21,T22 and T23 with the juiciness of products had a significant correlation,but with other senses indicators,correlation was not significant.%研究无磷持水剂山梨醇对咸肉品质的影响,以及其对咸肉的持水性、质构、感官和水分的分布迁移等指标的影响.结果表明:山梨醇的添加能够显著提高产品的水分含量,减少产品的损失率,提高产品的得率;通过低场核磁共振研究发现,在咸肉加工时间相同的情况下,山梨醇的加入能够降低三种水分的活度;山梨醇的添加对咸肉的硬度和咀嚼性有明显的改善作用(p<0.05),但对弹性、黏聚性影响不显著(p>0.05);当山梨醇的添加量≤8%时,能够显著提高产品的滋味、多汁性,总体可接受性最好的添加量是8%;质构、持水性、T21、T22和T23均与产品的多汁性具有显著的相关性,但与其他感官指标的相关性不显著.

  15. O mito das Olimpíadas: Hesíodo, Bacon, Hobbes e a infindável luta dos titãs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Carlos Santos da Silva

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem por objetivo apresentar alguns dos aspectos mitológicos que fundamentam a realização das olimpíadas desde a antiguidade grega, particularmente a “corrida de tochas acessas” que atualmente inaugura a abertura dos jogos. Para tanto, buscamos apresentar alguns relatos que narram a realização dos jogos olímpicos como uma espécie memória aos mitos fundadores da cultura grega. Nesse registro, consideramos alguns aspectos das narrativas de Hesíodo sobre o mito de Prometeu, bem como algumas observações de filósofos modernos como Francis Bacon e Thomas Hobbes sobre como essa fábula narra a interpretação de uma condição humana fundada em uma competição análoga à uma interminável luta de titãs. Condição humana essa oriunda da desobediência às vontades dos deuses do Olimpo, cristalizada na expressão de uma cultura da competição que visa não apenas agradar a esses deuses, detentores do poder no Olimpo, mas também igualar certos homens a eles.

  16. The Construction of Epistolary Identity in a Gentry’s Communication Network of the Seventeenth Century: The Case of Jane Lady Cornwallis Bacon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriella Del Lungo Camiciotti

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available There has recently been increasing scholarly interest in early modern correspondence and specifically also in women’s letter writing and reading. Starting from the late Middle Ages familiar responsibilities and domestic obligations led many women to write to their absent husbands or other relatives to exchange health news and inform them about family affairs. It is however in the early modern period that corresponding with relatives and friends became a widespread social practice ranging from official to familiar and personal correspondence; in this period female literacy increased thus allowing growing numbers of women to write and read their own letters. A growing number of female voices can thus be heard depicting early modern social life. The article focuses on a neglected aspect of women’s correspondence: it investigates not the sender’s epistolary identity, but that of the recipient through the analysis of the personal correspondence of Lady Cornwallis Bacon. The main theme of the article is to show how the epistolary identity of an early modern gentlewoman was constructed by her correspondents. It is assumed that modes of communicating information and achieving a specific goal through letters varied not only according to the relationship connecting the correspondents but also the purpose and content of letters. 

  17. 腹腔镜改良Bacon's手术治疗低位直肠癌的术后护理及早期排便功能训练

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王云霞; 潘晓培; 郑荣

    2010-01-01

    目的 探讨腹腔镜改良Bacon's手术治疗低位直肠癌的术后护理及早期排便功能训练方法.方法 对30例行腹腔镜改良Bacon's手术的直肠癌术后进行肛周护理,定期扩肛、便后坐浴,保持各种引流管通畅,观察并记录引流量及引流液性质.进行缩肛、排尿中断训练、排便反射训练,有规律收缩腹肌以及盆底肌的协同共济肌与毗邻肌的诱导训练等.结果 本组术后并发尿潴留1例,保留导尿管5d后恢复自行排尿.无其他并发症发生,术后住院7-9 d,出院时生活完全能自理.本组随访时间1-5年,局部无复发,腹壁Trocar的锥孔无肿瘤种植.28例术后3个月自主排便功能恢复,2例术后4个月自主排便功能恢复.结论 加强低位直肠癌腹腔镜改良Bacon's术后护理及早期排便功能训练,能有效降低低位直肠癌术后并发症,促进排便功能恢复.

  18. Barreiras ao pensamento e ao conhecimento científico: um debate sobre os ídolos do intelecto de Francis Bacon e os obstáculos epistemológicos de Gaston Bachelard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego de Queiroz Machado

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Despite the debates and divergent manifestations among philosophers of science, the production of scientific knowledge is still subject of several discussions. Even separated by three centuries, Francis Bacon and Gaston Bachelard stand out in this context of discussions by the appreciation of such issues and contributions from their approaches. Thus, this paper aims to analyze the barriers to the evolution of the thought and scientific knowledge by meeting, in a single dialog,the idols of the human intellect identified by Bacon and the epistemological obstacles mentioned by Bachelard. In the case of administrative sciences, such reflection brings as contributions: the uprooting of practices of common sense,disseminated through unscientific business literature; encouraging the incorporation of other research designs, arising from other disciplines science as a way to help overcome the obstacles inherent in the research methods used in the area; the discussion about the presence of such barriers in the institutional framework and its influence on organizational learning process.

  19. 从培根与霍布斯回顾荀子%Retrospecting Xunzi from Bacon and Hobbes (with special reference to two opposite styles of Chinese unification: Confucian and Legalist)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王煜

    2001-01-01

    洛克之前培根和霍布斯堪称英国经验主义双璧。培根的科学精神铸造了1662年奠基的皇家学会,缺陷在疏忽欧陆科学家的贡献,过分重视归纳而轻蔑演绎;又被控告纳贿而隐居著书,深信运气而非德行决定历史。他以记忆、想象、思考为人心三大功能。霍布斯曾做培根秘书五年,改造亚里士多德修辞学,兼顾演绎与归纳,努力震撼独断者的权威;却仰慕凯撒,融合理性与演说。先秦经验主义者荀况三度出任齐国稷下学宫祭酒,虽未如培根创作理想国"新阿兰特斯",但是似霍氏在异邦显赫且富于文学兴趣。荀子承接墨家注重逻辑和雄辩,对音乐的态度近培、霍而反墨家。%Before Locke, Becon and Hobbes are two supreme British empiricists. Becon's spirit inspired the founding of Royal Society in 1662.His shortcomings lay in igoring the contributions of Continental scientists, overvaluing induction and underestimating deduction. Under the accusation of accepting bribery, Becon retired to write books, owing to his deep belief that luck rather than virtue determine history. For Becon,memory, imagmation, and thingking are the three major functions of human mind. As former Secretary of Bacon for five years, Hobbes reformed Arestotles' Rhetoric, treasured deduction and induction simultaneously, and endeavoured to hurl down the dogmatist authority. But he adored Julius Caesar and combined reason and oration, except in natural sciences. Xunzi the Pre-chin empiricist assumed the leadership of Chi State's Central Academy thrice. Despite the lack of interest in creating a utopia like Bacon's New Atlantis, Xunzi resembled Hobbes in becoming prominent in a foreign country and having high interest in literature,Succeeding the Moist emphasis in logic and elocution, Xunzi affirmed the significance of music. This attitude is near those of Bacon and Hobbes but far from the Moist's.

  20. 重新关注:绘画样式的再创造——弗朗西斯·培根的绘画与传统艺术样式%Renewed Focus: Recreating Painting Style Paintings of Francis Bacon and the Traditional Art Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡莺

    2005-01-01

    @@ 译者按:弗朗西斯·培根(Francis Bacon,1909-1992年),作为二战后英国现代绘画中一位影响较大的画家,在其绘画风格形成的过程中,曾受到委拉斯贵支、伦勃朗、安格尔、凡高等画家作品的启发.

  1. Effect of Antioxidants on Volatile Flavor Components in Sichuan Traditional Bacon during Chilling Storage%抗氧化剂对川式腊肉低温冷藏中挥发性风味物质的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范代超; 易倩; 刘洋; 周才琼

    2012-01-01

    了解低温贮藏与川式腊肉风味品质的关系以指导合理贮藏。采用同时蒸馏萃取-气相色谱-质谱联用法分析抗氧化剂对川式腊肉低温贮藏中挥发性风味物质的影响。结果显示,处理A(直接真空包装)、处理B(添加0.4g/kg茶多酚后真空包装)、处理C(添加0.5g/kg异抗坏血酸钠后真空包装)的腊肉挥发性成分从原料的67种分别变化至贮藏结束(120d)时的75、64、63种;处理A、B、C的酚类、碳氢化合物及羰基化合物种类从初始的56种分别变化至结束时的55、45、44种,相对含量从初始的69.44%分别变化至结束时的59.30%、60.51%、61.87%;主体风味物质酚类相对含量从初始的34.43%分别降至结束时的24.26%、28.06%、33.41%;处理B、C的苯酚、愈创木酚、5-甲基愈创木酚、壬醛、乙酰呋喃、3-呋喃甲醇和苯甲醛相对含量高于处理A。表明添加抗氧化剂可减缓腊肉特征风味物质在冷藏中下降的趋势。%SDE-CJC/MS was used to explore the effect of antioxidants on volatile flavor components of Sichuan traditional bacon during chilling storage at 5 ℃. The results showed that freshly prepared Sichuan traditional bacon contained 67 volatile components; the number of volatile components varied to 75, 64 and 63 after 120 d of storage with treatments A (vacuum packaging), B (addition of 0.4 gag tea polyphenols and then vacuum packaging) and C (addition of 0.5 g/kg sodium D-isoascorbate and then vacuum packaging), respectively. The number of phenols, hydrocarbons and carbonyl compounds changed from 56 to 55, 45 and 44 with a relative content change from 69.44% to 59.30%, 60.51% and 61.87%, respectively. The relative content of phenols as the major flavor components changed from 34.43% to 24.26%, 28.06% and 33.41%, respectively. The relative contents of phenol, phenol, 2-methoxy, 2-methoxy-5-methylphenol, nonanal, acetyl furan, 3-furanmethanol and benzaldehyde after B

  2. A New Approach to Study Scientific Discovery: Reviews of the Computer Simulation Program BACON%对科学发现的计算机模拟--BACON发现程序概述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小红; 王月龙; 史忠植

    2003-01-01

    @@ 科学发现通常被认为是需要高度创造性和长期不懈努力的工作.然而在最近20年里,一些人工智能科学家致力于一项似乎是"异想天开"的事业,他们使计算机模拟人解决难题的思维过程,并且大胆探索用计算机进行科学发现.他们的工作已经初见成效,BACON,这一模拟科学史上重要科学发现的过程的计算机程序,当被给予开普勒、伽利略、波义耳等科学家在历史上做出他们重要发现的真实原始数据时,它也能做出同样的发现!

  3. “Francis Bacon or Diego Velázquez in a dentist’s chair” – pictorial and other kinds of quotations as an addition to a disintegrating life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arent van Nieukerken

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The mature poetry of Tadeusz Różewicz seems to be at odds with both modernist and postmodern literary tenets. It undeniably makes abundant use of intertextuality (including self-quotations, but in spite of this [post]modernist tendency it does resist self-referential impersonality. Różewicz again immerses allusions to images, texts and other artifacts – which, according to formalist and structuralist interpretations, should disengage themselves from an artist’s biography in order to achieve aesthetic autonomy – in the current of life, devoid of an innate sense and always identical to itself. In fact, life cannot be apprehended by art, and precisely, Różewicz tries to thematize this impossibility by producing texts or rather poetical acts that could be classified as self-effacing artifacts. He even succeeded in discrediting the modernist epiphany (which has a double status, i.e. as a poetical device and a window on the transcendent by replacing it with loquacious anticlimaxes. The fragmentary, disintegrating form of his later poetry (the long poem “Francis Bacon or Diego Velázquez in a dentist’s chair” is a perfect – or rather consciously imperfect – implementation of this form does not pretend to be a representation of a human being’s disintegrating existence. This poetry is, above all, an existential act, or – in other words – a performance, and not a self-sufficient work of art.

  4. An Alternative Perspective on the Tendency of Abuse in Francis Bacon's Paintings%弗朗西斯·培根绘画中虐论倾向的另类视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆璐

    2015-01-01

    The differences of Francis Bacon from the same genre of contemporary art exist in his geo‐metric abstraction ,abstract expressionism and pluralism of modern art .Its grand narrativity represented the negative elements in the strong twisted ,spasmodic and dismembered works of art images which reflec‐ted the sadistic and masochistic tendencies that closely connected with his gloomy childhood ,the hurts caused by the two world wars and the collapse of the social collective values .Therefore ,this paper ex‐plored the relations between the art and sadism and masochism on the basis of Freud's psychoanalysis , Fromm's sadistic and masochistic theory and Sartre's existentialism .%弗朗西斯·培根的作品有别于同代艺术流派之处在于其多元论的现代主义艺术,宏大叙事性再现抽象的消极元素,扭曲、痉挛、肢解、强烈的艺术作品形象及其体现出的施虐与受虐的倾向。文章指出培根绘画中的施虐和受虐倾向与培根阴郁的童年、两次世界大战对其造成的伤害以及社会集体价值的崩溃紧密相关,并运用弗洛伊德精神分析法和弗洛姆的施虐和受虐理论与萨特的存在主义等对艺术与施虐和受虐理论关系进行思考。

  5. 启蒙逻辑的历史嬗变:从培根到霍克海默、阿多诺——基于“知识就是力量”的一个考察%Historical Evolution of Enlightenment Logic: From Bacon to Horkheimer, Adorno A Study Based on "Knowledge Is Power"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙海洋

    2012-01-01

    "Knowledge is power" is the classic proposition of Bacon' s philosophy, the true logic of the Enlightenment behind the proposition. Horkheimer and Adorno regarded Bacon' s proposition for the enlightenment, reflected instrumental rationality and positive knowledge critically, identified historical evolution of the Enlightenment logic, that is, reason back to myth, freedom turns to slavery, the original words of liberation becomes the ideological myth of the capitalist ! In China' s modernization process we should not deconstruct the subjectivity and not overstate the subjectivity, but should locate it dialectically, and reconstruct human subjectivity!%"知识就是力量"是培根哲学的经典命题,在其背后蕴含着启蒙之本真逻辑。霍克海默与阿多诺视培根命题为启蒙的主旨,通过对理性工具主义化与知识实证主义化的批判反思,指认了启蒙逻辑的历史嬗变,即理性倒退为神话,自由颠倒为奴役,原本的解放话语沦为资本主义的意识形态神话。在中国现代化进程中既不应彻底解构主体,也不应过分拔高主体,而应辩证看待主体的位置,重构人的主体性。

  6. 低温贮藏对川式腊肉中蛋白质降解的影响%Effect of different ways of low temperature storage on the protein degradation in Sichuan-style bacon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易倩; 刘建新; 俞彦波; 陈龙; 周才琼

    2011-01-01

    The cured-meat was divided into A group and B group (adding ascorbic acid) and packed by vacuum treatment separately. Then respectively were stored in the refrigeration storage (5℃) and in the frozen storage (-18℃),then discussed the change of protein degradation and amino acid composition in different storage time. The result showed that the content of water and protein decline gradually during the storage time,adding ascorbic acid might delay protein degradation in the refrigeration temperature. The analysis about amino acid composition implied that the relative contents of essential amino acid in all groups were increasing in the storage time. In 120d in the refrigeration storage,the E/N ratio in both A and B groups increased from 0.65 to 0.75 and 0.73 in the end respectively,AAS raised from 13.06 to 44.57 and 51.23 separately while the E/ N ratio and AAS increased at the first and then declined in the end in the frozen storage,the E/N ratio came up from 0.65 to 0.71 and 0.90,AAS climbed from 13.06 to 31.16 and 31.86. During the whole refrigeration and frozen storage,the content of volatile nitrogen was uptrend,this meet the standard of SB/T 10294-1998 that middlings≤45mg/100g,but still in excess of national standard of segmentation of frozen pork and frozen beef (15mg/100g). All of the results showed that to keep the Sichuan-bacon in a low temperature in a short time and add the ascorbic acid may change the composition of protein and amino acid in a good way and have no bad effects on quality of eating.%新鲜腊肉采用直接真空包装(A处理)和添加抗坏血酸后真空包装(B处理)后,分别在5℃和-18℃下贮藏,探讨蛋白质的降解和氨基酸组成变化。结果表明,各处理水分含量随贮藏时间的延长逐渐下降,氨基酸组成分析显示.各处理中必需氨基酸相对含量均呈增加趋势。冷藏120d时A、B处理E/N比从初始值0.65分别升至结束时的0.75和0.73

  7. Reply to the two Comments, by A. Serra, D. J. Bacon and R. C. Pond, and by H. El Kadiri and C. Barrett on B. Li, H. El Kadiri and M.F. Horstemeyer "Extended zonal dislocations mediating ? ? twinning in titanium"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Bin

    2013-09-01

    Serra, Bacon and Pond argue that, when the direction of the resolved shear stress on the ? twinning plane is reversed, the K 2 plane for ? ? twinning changes from (0 0 0 1) to ? , and the core structure, configuration and magnitude of the twinning dislocation change from b ±1 to b ±3. I contend that such behaviour has not been observed in any twinning mode in metals. A twinning mode should have a K 2 plane and the corresponding twinning dislocation that is structurally and energetically favourable and independent of the direction of the resolved shear stress. El Kadiri and Barrett echo the Comment by Serra et al. and argue that the one-layer twinning dislocation is an "artifact", disregarding the fact that all the simulation results converge to one conclusion, i.e. the one-layer twinning dislocation is more favourable than the three-layer zonal dislocation, irrespective of the interatomic potentials used in the simulations. In this Reply, I seek to clarify such misinterpretations regarding twinning dislocation, twinning shear and shuffling in these Comments.

  8. Air modes of the Bacon internal resonator banjo

    CERN Document Server

    Politzer, David

    2016-01-01

    Sound measurements on a sequence of related, similar constructions with slightly different dimensions confirm a simple picture of the air modes of the internal resonator banjo's body. For the purpose of this study, the air modes are decoupled from the soundboard (i.e., [drum] head) modes by replacing the head with 3/4" plywood. The resulting characteristic features survive the strong coupling of the air modes to the head and are in accord with the qualitative distinctions recognized by banjo players.

  9. Occam, Francis Bacon and the transformation of Zambian society

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Binsbergen, W.M.J.

    1977-01-01

    Review of Robert H. Bates, Rural Responses to Industrialization: A Study of Village Zambia, New Haven & London, 1976. Even though this book is important because it is a major step towards asking the right questions concerning the transformation of Central-African society, the reviewer argues that mo

  10. OrthoImagery Submission for Bacon County, GA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — NAIP imagery is available for distribution within 60 days of the end of a flying season and is intended to provide current information of agricultural conditions in...

  11. DCS Terrain for Bacon County GA MapMod08

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Terrain data, as defined in FEMA Guidelines and Specifications, Appendix M: Data Capture Standards, describes the digital topographic data that was used to create...

  12. DIGITAL FLOOD INSURANCE RATE MAP DATABASE, BACON COUNTY, GEORGIA, USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The Digital Flood Insurance Rate Map (DFIRM) Database depicts flood risk Information And supporting data used to develop the risk data. The primary risk;...

  13. 论财富%Of Riches Francis Bacon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹明伦

    2004-01-01

    笔者认为财富不过是德行的包袱。包袱一词用拉丁字眼impedimenta更好,因为财富之于德行,不啻辎重之于军队。辎重不可缺少,亦不可滞后,但它每每有碍行军,有时为顾辎重甚至会贻误战机或妨碍胜利。巨额财富并无什么真正的用处,除修斋布施之外,其他用途均属幻想。因此所罗门有言:财物越多,食者越众;

  14. Bringing Home the Bacon: The Politics of Rural School Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sher, Jonathan P.

    1983-01-01

    Self-interested political, corporate, and education leaders have undermined recent West Virginia court decisions mandating educational reform. Three implications are: (1) principals, teachers, parents, and students must be equal partners in the educaiton reform process; (2) a constituency for rural children is needed; and (3) rural educators must…

  15. 48 CFR 52.222-6 - Davis-Bacon Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... definition, includes any fabrication plants, mobile factories, batch plants, borrow pits, job headquarters... bona fide fringe benefits (or cash equivalents thereof) due at time of payment computed at rates not... equivalent thereof. (e) If the Contractor does not make payments to a trustee or other third person,...

  16. Floodplain Mapping or Redelineation Submission for Bacon County GA MapMod08

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The Floodplain Mapping/Redelineation study deliverables depict and quantify the flood risks for the study area. The primary risk classifications used are the...

  17. DCS Hydrology Submission for Bacon County GA MapMod08

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Hydrology data include spatial datasets and data tables necessary for documenting the hydrologic procedures for estimating flood discharges for a flood insurance...

  18. DCS Hydraulics Submission for Bacon County GA MapMod08

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Recent developments in digital terrain and geospatial database management technology make it possible to protect this investment for existing and future projects to...

  19. VizieR Online Data Catalog: MUSE 3D view of HDF-S (Bacon+, 2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bacon, R.; Brinchmann, J.; Richard, J.; Contini, T.; Drake, A.; Franx, M.; Tacchella, S.; Vernet, J.; Wisotzki, L.; Blaizot, J.; Bouche, N.; Bouwens, R.; Cantalupo, S.; Carollo, C. M.; Carton, D.; Caruana, J.; Clement, B.; Dreizler, S.; Epinat, B.; Guiderdoni, B.; Herenz, C.; Husser, T.-O.; Kamann, S.; Kerutt, J.; Kollatschny, W.; Krajnovic, D.; Lilly, S.; Martinsson, T.; Michel-Dansac, L.; Patricio, V.; Schaye, J.; Shirazi, M.; Soto, K.; Soucail, G.; Steinmetz, M.; Urrutia, T.; Weilbacher, P.; de Zeeuw, T.

    2015-04-01

    The HDFS was observed during six nights in July 25-29, 31 and August 2, 3 2014 of the last commissioning run of MUSE. We used the nominal wavelength range (4750-9300Å) and performed a series of exposures of 30min each. (3 data files).

  20. De Bateman à Bacon : surface et profondeur dans deux romans de Bret Easton Ellis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    René ALLADAYE

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Ces pages trouvent leur origine dans une question très simple : où placer Bret Easton Ellis, le trublion des lettres américaines de ce début de siècle, sur la carte d’Éros en Amérique que ce volume se propose d’ébaucher ? Il m’a semblé qu’un début de réponse pouvait être apporté par un examen attentif de la manière dont son écriture s’inscrit dans une constante oscillation entre surface et profondeur. Il m’a encore semblé qu’un autre point de départ se trouvait dans la manière dont, en faisan...

  1. Appreciation of Francis Bacon's Of Travel%培根《论旅游》赏析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王棋

    2004-01-01

    @@ [导读] (Essays,1597,1612,1625)是英国杰出的哲学家弗兰西斯·培根的代表作之一,是西方历史上一部划时代的学术名著,是一部超越国界、超越时代的不朽之篇,是一部世界级的散文佳集,是一部作者三易其稿,精雕细刻的扛鼎之书,是培根对英语文学的主要贡献--该书曾对英国文学起过开辟新天地、创立新风格的重大作用.全书由58篇随笔性散文组成,作者以贵族、世家子弟为对象,以自己"丰富的阅历、高度的想像、有力的机智、透彻的智慧"(黑格尔),谈论社会风尚、处世哲学、治学方法和人生经验等.

  2. On Francis Bacon' Inductive Logic%论培根归纳逻辑

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张峰

    2008-01-01

    弗兰西斯·培根在对旧逻辑批判的基础上,创立了以观察和实验为基础的归纳法--科学归纳法.培根归纳法的问世,创立了近代归纳逻辑的第一个形态.培根归纳法的特质包括其归纳法是一种排除归纳法,突出了分析方法,注重证据的质量,与实验自然科学的兴起相适应,其归纳方法论包含着某些朴素的辩证法因素.尽管,培根的归纳法有一定的局限性;但是,培根的归纳法在近现代归纳逻辑的发展中的影响和作用是不容低估的.应当用唯物辩证法的观点和方式,对培根的归纳法进行认识和评价.

  3. 29 CFR 778.6 - Effect of Davis-Bacon Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... POLICY OR INTERPRETATION NOT DIRECTLY RELATED TO REGULATIONS OVERTIME COMPENSATION General Considerations... wages may, if they work overtime, be subject to overtime compensation provisions of other laws which may... computation of overtime compensation under other applicable statutes including the Fair Labor Standards...

  4. Il De uno alla luce dell’Exemplum tractatus de iustitia universali, sive de fontibus iuris di Francis Bacon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romana Bassi

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available [Reading “De uno” in light of Francis Bacon’s “Exemplum tractatus de iustitia universali, sive de fontibus iuris”]. Although Vico was admittedly disappointed by Bacon’s Exemplum tractatus, a parallel reading of this text and De uno can provide insights as to how Vico ended up having to confront a series of issues: how does the universal law project itself into history? Where does the law stem from? Is there a link between law, occasion, and utility? What are the sources and the scope of authority? How does violence affect the law? What role for religion and piety? How to devise a philology for the laws and ancient fables? Bacon’s scattered aphorisms offer glimpses into problems which find a solution in the all-encompassing order of De uno.

  5. Out-crossing between 'Bacon' pollinizers and adjacent 'Hass' avocado and the identification of two new avocado lethal mutants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avocado (Persea americana Mill) has an unusual flowering mechanism, diurnally synchronous protogynous dichogamy, which promotes cross pollination among avocado genotypes. In commercial groves, which usually contain pollinizer rows adjacent to the more desirable commercial cultivars, the rate of out-...

  6. 直肠癌Dixon及改良Bacon 267例的手术术分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩广森; 李智

    2000-01-01

    目的 通过对267例直肠癌患者进行Dixon及改良Bacon术,提出根治性手术中游离结肠脾区的重要性操作要点以及对两种术式的选择。方法 在根治性手术的基础上行Dixon及改良Bacon术。结果 Dixon术无一例发生吻合口瘘及吻合口狭窄。改良Bacon术吻合狭窄发生率为78%(42/54),顽固性肛周皮肤湿疹发生率为11%(6/54)。结论 中上段直肠癌及部分下段直肠癌采用Dixon术式,病人术后生活质量多数不受影响。不宜行Dixon术式的患者采用改良Bacon术式能增加直肠癌患者保留肛门的机会。

  7. Preparation of salted meat products, e.g. cured bacon - by injecting liquid comprising meat proteins hydrolysed with enzymes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    1997-01-01

    Preparation of salted meat products comprises the following:(1) meat is chopped into fine pieces and mixed with water to form a slurry; (2) enzymes hydrolyse proteins in the meat; (3) adding a culture to the resulting medium, which comprises short peptide chains or amino acids; (4) forming flavou...

  8. 试论培根的技术价值思想%On Francis Bacon's Thought of Technological Values

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    巨乃岐

    2011-01-01

    作为实验科学的始祖,培根非常重视技术的作用和价值,奉行乐观主义的技术价值观,认为,技术是人自我生存之手段,提高效率之工具,改变世界之伟力,控制自然之权力,揭示真理之方法.

  9. 科学精神的呼唤--重读培根《新大西岛》%An Appeal for Scientific Spirit, Rereading Bacon's The New Atlantis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安龙全

    2001-01-01

    @@ 英国近代伟大的唯物主义哲学家弗朗西斯·培根(1561~1626)是同"知识就是力量"这句世人熟知的名言连在一起的.他被马克思誉为"英国唯物主义和现代实验科学的真正始祖."①他的未竟之作《新大西岛》是他在熟习当时自然科学、技术科学发展基础上,经长期思考总结而成的.这部中译本仅37页的小册子②"以近乎浪漫主义的热情宣告唯有科学方法才是人类登上完美境界的唯一阶梯."③书中记述了一个假想的岛国--本色列.国王凭着"所罗门之宫"的财富治理该国,达到了人世间所没有的繁荣和富庶.科学主宰一切是该国的特点.

  10. Electric Substations, Electric Substations in Bacon County, GA, Published in 2000, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Southern Georgia Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Electric Substations dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2000. It is described as...

  11. Transmission Lines or Poles, Electric, Electric Transmission Lines in Bacon County, GA, Published in 2000, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Southern Georgia Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Transmission Lines or Poles, Electric dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2000. It...

  12. 改良Bacon术治疗低位直肠癌19例报告%Modified Bacon's operation on 19 cases of low rectal cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄忠荣

    2005-01-01

    目的总结改良Bacon术治疗低位直肠癌保肛的经验.方法回顾性分析19例低位直肠癌行改良Bacon保肛手术及术后随访资料.结果 19例中无手术死亡,术后腹壁切口和肛门切口感染各1例,换药处理等治愈.术后肛门功能优14例(73.6%)、良4例(21%)、差1例(5.4%).术后均用FM方案化疗.1、3、5年生存率分别为100%(19例)、78.5%(15例)、52.6%(10例).结论改良Bacon术治疗低位直肠癌生存和生活质量较好.

  13. 改良Bacon术治疗低位直肠癌58例%Application of Improved Bacon Procedure in the Treatment of 58 Cases Low Rectal Carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李文杰; 卿艳萍; 吴为明

    2010-01-01

    为总结改良Bacon术(保肛结肠拉出术)治疗低位直肠癌的经验,回顾分析58例行改良Bacon术的低位直肠癌患者资料.手术方法:行直肠全系膜切除后,扩肛至容4指,去除齿状线以上的肠黏膜,将结肠无张力地拉出肛门外3~4cm,且有再拉出5~6cm的余地;术后患者取屈膝外展位;切除多余结肠后教会患者自己每日用直径1.8~2.0cm、长约8cm的试管样类似物扩张结肠游离缘,坚持半年.结果显示,3例患者多余结肠在术后2d内坏死,经肛再次拉出3~4cm结肠得以妥善处理.半年后患者肛门功能基本恢复正常.结果表明,低位直肠癌改良Bacon术是一种较为安全的术式.

  14. Analysis on the "Empire" Thought of Francis Bacon%弗兰西斯·培根的帝国思想析论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘德林

    2016-01-01

    弗朗西斯·培根的帝国思想是其政治思想的重要组成部分,认为英国应该建立一个帝国;培根谋划了英国成为帝国的方案,同时对帝国的殖民地管理也有详细的论述;培根不仅要建成现实的帝国,还要建设世界帝国的乌托邦.培根的帝国思想与其所处的背景有紧密联系,并对后来英国成为"日不落"帝国有重要的意义.

  15. Researching into the Technological Philosophy Thoughts of Francis Bacon%弗兰西斯·培根的技术哲学思想探微

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛国荣

    2008-01-01

    培根是现代生活精神的伟大先驱,更是被归入技术乐观主义者的行列,而且也是人们将现代技术社会中的种种由技术所引发的问题从思想渊源上归咎的一个主要对象.然而,对此却是需要认真研究的.文章从培根的简介着手,全面剖析了培根的技术哲学思想,认为培根在为新技术欢呼的同时,也表达了他对技术的使用而导致种种社会后果的一种深刻的忧虑.

  16. 弗兰西斯·培根"知识就是力量"新解%A New Interpretation to Francis Bacon's Notion that Knowledge Is Power

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余蕙

    2002-01-01

    本文引用弗兰西斯·.培根对"知识就是力量"的论证,阐明知识作为一种力量,不仅推动了近代欧洲社会的发展繁荣,在当代,随着社会的发展也有了新的内涵.文章指出,在知识经济时代,知识与人才是最重要的资源,只有尊重知识、尊重人才、改革教育,才能加快知识向科学技术、向生产力的转化,知识才能显示出巨大的力量.

  17. How to Face Painting: Deleuze on Bacon%如何面对绘画--以德勒兹论培根为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿幼壮

    2006-01-01

    本文集中讨论法国哲学家德勒兹对于英国画家培根及其绘画的分析和看法,同时试图指出,德勒兹论培根不仅涉及到绘画艺术和艺术史的众多重要问题,而且本身就展示出了现代哲学与视觉艺术之间的复杂关系.

  18. 48 CFR 970.2204-1-1 - Administrative controls and criteria for application of the Davis-Bacon Act in operational or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... placement of concrete or other like activity is also covered. (b) The classification of a contract as a... devices and/or processes: (i) Assembly of piping and equipment within existing “hot cell” facilities for... adaptation and modification thereof, in existing “hot cell” facilities to prove out a conceptual design...

  19. ACED Federal Grant Contractor Tracking

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — Dataset includes grant, project, and contractor awarded which are tracked for ensuring Davis-Bacon Act compliance where applicable. The 1931 Davis-Bacon Act...

  20. Bacon's Third Path: Gilles Deleuze and Francis Bacon: The Logic of Sensation%培根的第三条路——吉尔·德勒兹与《弗兰西斯·培根:感觉的逻辑》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晨

    2015-01-01

    本文主要围绕法国哲学家德勒兹的著作《弗兰西斯·培根:感觉的逻辑》,尝试对该书进行内容与逻辑上的梳理,从中提取德勒兹对于培根绘画艺术的理论解读,即认为培根的绘画,通过其特有的创作手法,先后摆脱了再现、抽象等教条与束缚,画出了源自身体的感觉,从而既跳出了现代主义艺术由具象走向抽象的宏大叙事与总体趋势,又不同于同时代的几何抽象与抽象表现主义等艺术流派,因而走出了有关绘画的"第三条路".基于这一论述过程,尝试管窥德勒兹哲学中艺术理论的相关观点,并引出其对于艺术史研究、当代艺术理论与创作的启示.

  1. Casing Tier 529.887-020; Sausage Packer; Skin Peeler 525.884-050; Sliced-Bacon Packer II; Packer 920.887-114 -- Technical Report on Standardization of the General Aptitude Test Battery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. U.S. Training and Employment Service.

    The United States Training and Employment Service General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB), first published in 1947, has been included in a continuing program of research to validate the tests against success in many different occupations. The GATB consists of 12 tests which measure nine aptitudes: General Learning Ability; Verbal Aptitude; Numerical…

  2. 评培根对亚里斯多德逻辑学理论的批判%Comments on the Criticism Comments on the Views that Francis Bacon Criticised Aristoteles' Logic Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜雄柏

    2000-01-01

    由亚里斯多德所创立的逻辑学理论的确存在不少缺陷,这些缺陷不仅妨碍了逻辑学自身作用的发挥,而且制约了科学的进步.F.培根对其进行了严厉的批判.培根的批判,尽管具有片面性,但就其总体而言,有独创性,也是切中要害的,对此应予充分肯定.

  3. 九种植物精油对腌肉及咸鱼害虫大头金蝇的杀卵作用%Ovicidal activity of nine essential oils against Chrysomya megacephara in bacon and kipper

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈立荣; 李红艳; 周彦钢; 顾松; 娄永根

    2007-01-01

    为开发腌肉和咸鱼害蝇的安全性杀卵剂,采用改进的浸卵法,进行了9种植物精油对大头金蝇的杀卵活性测定.结果表明: 肉桂、丁香、八角茴香3种植物精油较为有效,它们的杀卵毒力(LC50)依次为0.428、1.605和2.489 mg·ml-1,以肉桂油的毒力最强.通过GC/MC成分分析,从肉桂油检出22个成分,主成分桂皮醛占92.33%.合成桂皮醛(含量97.33%) 的毒力为0.281 mg·ml-1,略高于肉桂油,表明桂皮醛是肉桂油的主要杀卵活性成分,可替代肉桂油作为害蝇杀卵剂利用.

  4. 基于嵌入式的腊肉检测手持终端系统的研制%Research and realization on bacon detection on embedded handheld terminal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭培源; 徐盼; 董小栋; 许晶晶; 刘艳芳

    2016-01-01

    研究和实现基于嵌入式Raspberry Pi的手持式腊肉检测终端系统.利用计算机视觉和人工嗅觉分别采集腊肉的颜色或菌斑面积特征信息和挥发性气体值,将采集的数据经过GPRS传递给上位机,数据分析后将结果返回,实现对腊肉新鲜度的快速、便携检测.试验表明:该检测终端具有很好的精确度和可操作性,检测误差保持在[-0.38,0.21]区间内.

  5. Realization of Automated Color Image Printing with Single Black Ink Based on BACON System%基于BACON系统实现彩色图像黑白打印方法的自动化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏小红; 郭茂祖; 王亚东; 郑璇

    2001-01-01

    基于科学发现中的BACON系统,提出将屏幕上的标准RGB彩色图像转换为黑白灰度图像打印输出的方法.利用学习算法,并根据人眼的视觉特性,发现转换函数.从训练例子中发现转换函数中的参数,无需修改打印程序,在不同的墨水、纸张和抖动模式下可重新通过学习程序发现这些参数.因此,该方法具有一定的通用性,实现了彩色图像黑白打印的自动化.

  6. Improved Bacon's Operation Procedure for Mid-low Rectal Cancer:Analysis of 34 Cases%改良Bacon手术治疗中低位直肠癌 (附34例分析)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    栾汝建

    2003-01-01

    对34例中低位直肠癌施行改良Bacon手术,其中Dukes A期10例,B期18例,C期6例.切缘距瘤体下缘为3cm,术中保留肛提肌及内外括约肌.术后6~12个月排便次数及控便功能接近常人.结果显示,改良Bacon手术较Bacon手术具有操作简单、出血量少、术后并发症少,肛门机能恢复快的特点.

  7. 改良Bacon手术治疗中下段直肠癌28例临床分析%Excision (Improved Bacon's Method ) for Mid-low Section Rectal Cancer:Therapeutic Analysis of 28 Cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    栾汝建

    2003-01-01

    目的探索中下段直肠癌手术方法和技巧,以减少直肠癌手术创伤和加速术后康复.方法通过对Bacon手术的改良,完成中下段直肠癌切除术.结果对28例中下段直肠癌施行改良Bacon手术,其中Duke分级A级10例,B级18例.术中保留部分内外括约肌.术后6~12个月排便次数及控便功能接近常人.结论本手术方法较Bacon法具有手术操作简单、出血量少、术后并发症少,肛门机能恢复快的特点.

  8. 改良Bacon术在低位直肠癌保肛术中的应用%Modified Bacon Operation in Sphincter-preserving Surgery for Low Rectal Cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄平; 王锋; 肇毅; 杨小冬; 高一飞; 陈贤贵; 李德川; 楼荣灿

    2007-01-01

    目的 评价改良Bacon术在低位直肠癌保肛术中的作用.方法 1998年8月~2002年12月38例低位直肠癌患者,均行改良Bacon术,术后坚持扩肛和肛门收缩锻炼.结果 术后无吻合口瘘及吻合口狭窄,1例术后2 d发生多余结肠坏死.半年后病人可控制排气排便.排便次数:1~2次者16例,3~4次者20例,>4次者2例.肛门节制功能评价:优25例,良13例.随访4.2~9.1年,1例Duke C期患者盆腔复发,死于双侧输尿管梗阻、肾衰.结论 在无条件采用双吻合器手术时,改良Bacon术可以作为低位直肠癌保肛手术的一种备选术式.

  9. 低位直肠癌行改良Bacon术后拖出肠段的观察与护理%Observation and Nursing of Pull-through Intestinal Segment after Improved Bacon Operation in Patients with Low Rectum Cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐桂女; 沈设芬

    2009-01-01

    目的 总结低位直肠癌行改良Bacon术后拖出肠段的护理方法 .方法 回顾性分析42例行改良Bacon术的低位直肠癌患者的观察与护理方法 ,术后随访6个月,观察疗效.结果 42例患者均择期成功完成拖出肠段切除术,术后恢复良好,无肛门狭窄现象,无严重的大便失控现象.结论 采取正确的卧位,严密观察拖出肠管的血供和回缩情况,做好拖出肠管切除前后的护理,加强皮肤护理和心理护理,可预防术后并发症的发生,促进康复.

  10. 弗兰西斯·培根哲学思想对自然科学的影响%Francis Bacon's Influence on the Development of Natural Science

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁名泽; 张春秀

    2006-01-01

    弗兰西斯·培根作为实验科学的始祖,一生官运亨通,但其志在为自然科学发展清除障碍,开通道路.他批判经院哲学,建立其唯物主义理论大厦;倡导辩证法及归纳法,构建人们的思想模式;独创全新的实验法,为科学发展提供一个全新的方法论体系;大力推崇科学,高喊"知识就是力量".但他终究是资产阶级新贵族的代言人,其思想言行受其阶级性、时代性的限制,不可能不带有局限性,如好侵略、轻视劳动人民和体力劳动、机械论、思想的中庸性等,不可能不对自然科学的发展起一定的阻碍作用.

  11. 法兰西斯·培根与《国王亨利七世统治史》%Francis Bacon and the History of the Reign of King Henry Ⅶ

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李波怡

    2008-01-01

    法兰西斯·培根是一位历史学家.培根留有一部、也是唯一完整的史学著作即,历来中西对这部著作评价不一.可以说,并不是一部很成功的史学著作.但却因特点鲜明、文笔生动流畅在当时产生过重要影响.从史学和思想的角度分析和评价这些特点,对这部书的贡献与缺陷给予总结,是有一定意义的.

  12. 南宋事功学与培根功利主义之比较%Comparison of the Cause-Contribution Learning in South Song Dynasty with Francis Bacon's Utilitarianism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周远全

    2013-01-01

    在宋朝儒学的思想中饱含可以促进科技进步的一些元素,最有代表性的就是南宋时期的事功学.与弗兰西斯·培根的功利主义一样,事功学重实践、忌空谈、强调经世致用,可是,借助世界古代科技发展之巅之有利条件的事功学并没有能像培根的功利主义促进英国产生近代科学那样促进中国的科技发展.由于面临的教育环境、商业的发展和宗教角色等的差异,最终导致了两种思想在不同的社会发展历程中演绎出了不同的命运.

  13. The New Sports Concept under Francis Bacon's "Doctrine of the Idols" of Enlightenment Thinking%弗·培根“假相学说”启示下体育概念新思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李静

    2015-01-01

    基于弗·培根“假相学说”解读,对“洞穴假相”“市场假相”“族类假相”和“剧场假相”内在的基本思想进行剖析,继而以对体育概念的正确认识作为基本切入点,沿袭着弗·培根的“假相学说”哲学思想轨迹进行了与之相应的解读.研究认为应当做到以下3点:夯实基础,创新思维;实践中批判,保证客观;踏实做学问,不做应景之文.

  14. 空间的隐喻——解读弗朗西斯·培根绘画的空间语言%Metaphor of Space: Interpretation of the Metaphorical Meaning of the Space in Francis Bacon's Paintings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈露

    2009-01-01

    弗朗西斯·培根是二战后欧洲最具个人色彩与时代特征的画家之一.文章从分析绘画的空间语言入手,把近现代欧洲的社会与文学传统中的"空间"作为切入点,将两次世界大战作为培根所独有的"禁闭空间"的原型,深入挖掘作品中的社会文化内涵,进而解读培根的"禁闭空间"所隐喻的时代的暴力、孤独与疯狂.

  15. An Analysis of the Means of Cohesion and Their Functions in "of Studies" by Francis Bacon%浅析培根《论学习》中的语篇衔接手段及其功能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹霞

    2010-01-01

    街接是篇章语言学的重要术语之一,对语篇构成及解读起重要作用,韩礼德和哈桑将篇章衔接手段划分为语法手段和词汇手段.本文从系统功能语言学的理论角度出发,分析培根的一文中所出现的语篇衔接手段,探讨这些衔接手段的衔接功能及它们对表达作者写作意图的作用.

  16. On the Implicitness of Logical Connection in Translations of Bacon's Essays from the Perspective of Logical Metaphor%从逻辑隐喻看培根《散文集》翻译的隐性逻辑连接

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄思

    2016-01-01

    Logical connection(LC)is an essential factor for cohesion and coherence of discourse. Nevertheless,there still exist some distinct dis⁃crepancies in logical connections as well as some logical metaphors between Chinese and English discourses due to the complexity of logical catego⁃ries and the difference of language expressions. This paper,is to explore the deep-seated logical metaphor(LM)on the basis of Francis Bacon’s Es⁃says and its three Chinese versions,and to provide some constructive suggestions on how to preserve the spiritual beauty of the source text during the process of translating,thus improving the quality of English-Chinese essay translating.

  17. 身体的回归:弗朗西斯·培根隐晦的身体与儒家身体美学%On Francis Bacon's Obscure Body and the Confucian Body Aesthetics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文洁华; 胡笳

    2004-01-01

    本文分析了现代画家弗朗西斯·培根笔下难以捉摸的身体的表现及所受西方哲学思想的影响,同时分析了顾恺之的中国肖像画与儒家身体观的关系,并就中西不同的身体观作了对比和反思.

  18. An Analysis of Multiple Theme in Francis Bacon's Essay "Of Studies"%培根论说文《论学习》的复项主位分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张盼; 戈玲玲

    2008-01-01

    韩礼德建构系统功能语法的目的之一是为语篇研究提供一个分析框架.他提出了主位理论.国内用系统功能语法理论来分析文学作品的还不多见.通过对培根的一篇经典的论说文进行复项主位分析,旨在能更深层次地了解语篇的衔接及内部结构,从而也为我们理解和欣赏文学语篇提供了一套新的分析理论与方法.

  19. The Agile Organization: From Informal Networks to Complex Effects and Agility

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    bounds of human empire, to the effecting of all things possible. —Francis Bacon , New Atlantis , 1627. n this chapter, we explore in more depth the...Washington, DC, USA: CCRP Publication Series. 2003. AP 3003. A Brief History of the Royal Air Force. HMSO. 2004. Bacon , Francis. New Atlantis . 1626. http...terrorism and its interaction with states or organisations or individuals proliferating WMD is one I simply am not prepared to run.” 173 Bacon , New

  20. Being Human Beings: The Domains and a Human Realm

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    evolutionary step to highlight the human component in conflict. As Francis Bacon said, “It would be an unused fancy and self-contradictory to expect that...Special Operations Command, Special Operations White Paper, 1. 50 Francis Bacon , “The New Organon or True Directions Concerning the Interpretation of...Nature,” 1620, http://www.constitution.org/ bacon /nov_org.htm, (accessed February 24, 2013). 51 Mark E. Redden and Michael P. Hughes, “Global

  1. Toward a Theory of Assurance Case Confidence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    assurance case claim. The framework is based on the notion of eliminative induction—the princi- ple (first put forward by Francis Bacon ) that confidence in...eliminative induction. As first proposed by Francis Bacon [Schum 2001] and extended by L. Jonathan Cohen [Cohen 1970, 1977, 1989], eliminative induction is...eliminative in- duction—the principle (first put forward by Francis Bacon ) that confidence in the truth of a hypothesis (or claim) increases as reasons for

  2. The new organon, or, True directions concerning the interpretation of nature

    CERN Document Server

    Bacon, Francis

    2007-01-01

    Francis Bacon's New Organon, published in 1620, was revolutionary in its attempt to give formal philosophical shape to a new and rapidly emerging experimental science. It challenged the entire edifice of the philosophy and learning of Bacon's time, and left its mark on all subsequent discussions of scientific method.

  3. 英语之页(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Clara Latimer BaconAugust 23,1866-April 14,1948 Clara Latimer Bacon was born in Hillsgrove,McDonough County,Illinois of a pioneer NewEngland family.She was graduated from Hedding College,Abingdon,Illinois in 1 886.Aftera year of teaching she entered Wellesley College.In 1890 she received her B.A.degree from

  4. 78 FR 15377 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Requests To...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-11

    ...-Bacon and Related Acts and Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards Act ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Department of Labor (DOL) is submitting the Wage and Hour Division (WHD) sponsored information collection... Benefit Plans Under the Davis-Bacon and Related Acts and Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards...

  5. "Extreme Bold" in the Faculty Ranks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuusisto, Stephen

    2013-01-01

    Boldness, defense, and the necessity of talking back remain as central to life with disability in one's time as in Francis Bacon's age. "Therefore all deformed persons are extreme bold," Bacon wrote, "first, as in their own defence, as being exposed to scorn, but in process of time, by a general habit." Perhaps no word carries…

  6. Book Review on "The Knowledge Grid"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao-Ping Sun; Qing Li

    2005-01-01

    @@ "Knowledge is power", written by the English philosopher Francis Bacon in 1597, inspired a great rising in the human consciousness, opened the horizons for the human intelligence activities, and developed such a splendid world with a proliferation of knowledge that even Bacon could hardly imagine.

  7. Acceptability and storage stability of pork products with increased levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Houben, J.H.; Krol, B.

    1980-01-01

    Several batches of back bacon, belly bacon, Dutch-style cervelat sausage, pork loin roll, shoulder with fat, Bologna, Guelders ring sausage, Saxon liver sausage and luncheon meat were produced with increasing PUFA-levels using raw materials containing up to 30% linoleic acid in their fats. Only the

  8. Living with the DASH Eating Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Asian foods. Avoid choosing menu items that have salty ingredients such as bacon, pickles, olives, and cheese. ... and burgers, cheese, pasta and meat dishes, and salty snacks. Therefore, healthier choices when shopping and eating ...

  9. Segmentation and classification of biological objects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, Nette

    1995-01-01

    The present thesis is on segmentation and classification of biological objects using statistical methods. It is based on case studies dealing with different kinds of pork meat images, and we introduce appropriate statistical methods to solve the tasks in the case studies. The case studies concern...... classification of back bacon slices from images of back bacon, prediction of ham weight from images of the carcass, and estimation of meat percent from cross-sectional images of the carcass. The first case study investigates three different classifiers ability to classify the quality of back bacon slices....... The back bacon slices are classified into four ordered classes representing the quality, and we use the sizes of different meat and fat areas of the slices as variables. The classifiers are Bayesian discriminant functions, Classification and Regression Trees, and feed-forward neural networks with back...

  10. The Great Instauration: Restoring Professional and Technical Writing to the Humanities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Renzo, Anthony

    2002-01-01

    Gathers some of Sir Francis Bacon's educational ideas from his various writings and applies them to the five stages of undergraduate professional and technical writing program development: planning, implementation, mission, design and development, staffing, and administration. (SG)

  11. A Brief History of the Philosophical Foundations of Exploratory Factor Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulaik, Stanley A.

    1987-01-01

    Exploratory factor analysis derives its key ideas from many sources, including Aristotle, Francis Bacon, Descartes, Pearson and Yule, and Kant. The conclusions of exploratory factor analysis are never complete without subsequent confirmatory factor analysis. (Author/GDC)

  12. Ménière's disease - self-care

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... as cured or smoked meats, bacon, hot dogs, sausage, bologna, ham, and salami. Packaged foods such as ... fluid balance in your ear. Other Lifestyle Changes Making the following changes may also help: Some over- ...

  13. Low-salt diet

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... such as cured or smoked meats, bacon, hot dogs, sausage, bologna, ham, and salami Anchovies, olives, pickles, ... risk: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. ...

  14. Low-Carb Diet May Aid Your Metabolism

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... a multigrain bun, bacon, ham and cheese sandwich, carrot sticks, bananas, coleslaw, orange juice, skim milk, graham ... HealthDay and do not reflect federal policy, the views of MedlinePlus, the National Library of Medicine, the ...

  15. Reseñas de libros: febrero de 1965

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Panesso Robledo

    1965-02-01

    Full Text Available VITUS DROSCHER: The Mysterious Senses of Animals. Edit. Dutton & Company. C. W. CERAM: Gods, Graves & Scholars.- EDWARD BACON: Digging for History., JOSEPH ALSOP: From the Silent Earth.

  16. MAOIs and Diet: Is It Necessary to Restrict Tyramine?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... nitrate or nitrite, such as dry-type summer sausages, pepperoni and salami. Smoked or processed meats, such as hot dogs, bologna, bacon, corned beef or smoked fish. Pickled or fermented foods, such as sauerkraut, kimchee, caviar, tofu or ...

  17. Weight Management Following SCI (Spinal Cord Injury)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... butter by using a small amount of water, wine, flavored vinegar, or fruit juice. Instead of bacon ... your own microwave dishes. When you create great tasting dishes, write down and reuse your recipes. Dining ...

  18. Deglaciation in the tropical Indian Ocean driven by interplay between the regional monsoon and global teleconnections

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Saraswat, R.; Lea, D.W.; Nigam, R.; Mackensen, A.; Naik, Dinesh K.

    on the age model we performed a Bayesian analysis of the age model using the program “Bacon” (Blaauw and Christen, 2011) and including all of the radiocarbon dates. The Bacon age model is largely consistent (deviations < 200 yrs) with the utilized tie..., Queen’s University Belfast, in performing the Bayesian age model analysis using the Bacon software. References Agnihotri, R., Bhattacharya, S. K., Sarin, M. M., Somayajulu, B. L. K. 2003. Changes in surface productivity and subsurface denitrification...

  19. The Anglo-Irish War, 1916-1921: A Study in Misunderstanding

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    for the IPP. After the death of “ … Parnell the romantic hero, young men retreated from the party politics of home rule and fashioned their dreams in... Theatre . Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1968. p. 576-578. 20 Foster, R.F. Modern Ireland, 1600-1972. London: Penguin, 1989. p. 456. 21 Irish Free State...University Press, Cambridge, 1996. Brockett, Oscar G. History of the Theatre . Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1968. Collins, Micheal. The Path to Freedom

  20. Field Marshal Slim -- Theoretical Thinking and the Impact of Theory on Campaign Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-17

    results 8 Paul Davidson Reynolds, A Primer in Theory Construction (MA: Allyn and Bacon , 1971), 3...of John Boyd (New York: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group, 2007), 231. 10 Karl E. Weick and Kathleen M. Sutcliffe, “Organizing and the Process of...Davidson Reynolds. A Primer in Theory Construction. MA: Allyn and Bacon , 1971. Posen, Barry R. The Sources of Military Doctrine: France, Britain, and

  1. Uddrag af Ph.d.-afhandlingen Den groteske modernisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lübker, Henrik

    2011-01-01

    Om forholdet mellem "det groteske" og "den groteske modernisme" eksemplificeret i en læsning af E.A. Poes "The Fall of the House of Usher" og flere af Francis Bacons malerier.......Om forholdet mellem "det groteske" og "den groteske modernisme" eksemplificeret i en læsning af E.A. Poes "The Fall of the House of Usher" og flere af Francis Bacons malerier....

  2. BACON机器、科学发现与创造--AI心理学派学者西蒙思想解读%BACON machine ,scientific discovery and creation--An interpretation on the theory of Simon the representative of AI cognition school

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桂起权; 宋伟

    2003-01-01

    H·西蒙所领导的人工智能 (AI) 心理学派,在 F·培根关于归纳机器的思想指引下,在对一系列科学发现进行了计算模拟之后,确认了人类科学推理就是启发式搜索的过程,换句话说,人类问题求解的启发式搜索法就是科学发现的逻辑或方法.同理,借助于"有选择的搜索"的心理解释可以揭示科学创造的奥秘.

  3. Clinical study of combined total mesorectal excision and modified Bacon procedure for treatment of very low rectal cancer%全直肠系膜切除术加改良Bacon手术治疗超低位直肠癌的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张毅; 洪光晨; 宋培铎

    2007-01-01

    目的 探讨全直肠系膜切除术(TME)加改良Bacon手术治疗超低位直肠癌的手术适应证和手术操作方法.方法 对76例确诊为直肠癌的癌灶下缘距肛门缘4~8 cm的患者,采用自制肛门牵开器经腹腔和肛门途径行TME加改良Bacon手术.结果 全组手术均成功,无手术死亡,无吻合口瘘,2例发生吻合口狭窄.术后随访76例1~5 年,术后3~5 个月开始恢复排便自控功能,为3~6 次/d;6个月以后肛门排便功能基本恢复正常,为1~3 次/d.其中5例于术后1~2 年吻合口区域局部癌复发(6.58%);1,3,5年生存率分别为100%,80.83%和68.37%.结论 TME加改良Bacon手术是一种治疗无远处转移的Dukes A~C期超低位直肠癌的安全有效的方法.

  4. Distorted Image and Representation of Sense: Contemporary Painting Features Presented in Francis Bacon's Works%扭曲的图像与感觉的再现——弗朗西斯·培根的作品所呈现的当代绘画特点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田保福

    2013-01-01

    本文主要从图像的使用、身体的再现和现实的表现这三个方面来讨论培根作品中所具有的当代绘画的特点.讨论这些特点是有意义的,它不仅能让我们理解培根作品的含义与价值,同时也有助于我们进一步认识和思考当代绘画的面貌和特点.

  5. On how to Recognize and Understand Sports for Sports Scholars——Based on the Enlightenment of Francis Bacon's "Doctrine of the Idols"%体育学者究竟该如何认识和理解体育——基于弗·培根“假相学说”的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李静; 曹莉

    2014-01-01

    通过阐述弗·培根的“假相学说”,发现这些假相不同程度地存在于体育学者当中,进而影响了人们对体育的认识和理解.建议人们在认识和理解体育过程中应当做到以下四点:(1)从客观事实出发,避免歪曲事物性质;(2)跳出“洞穴”,培养真科研态度;(3)普及基础理论,夯实基础知识;(4)自我批判与他者批判相结合.

  6. 平行语料库在翻译批评中的应用 --以培根Of Studies的不同译本为例%Introducing Parallel Corpora into Translation Criticism Exemplified with Different Translations of Of Studies Written by Francis Bacon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许伟

    2006-01-01

    翻译批评是翻译研究中的一个重要领域,印象式的感性批评有可能过于主观、片面、缺乏说服力.而语料库的方法则偏重用具体的统计数字和语料实例得出结论,这种方法的优点在于客观、全面、有说服力,其缺点在于语料库的建立比较费时费力,基于语料库的研究方法也比较复杂.本文通过分析比较培根"OfStudies"的不同译本,阐述了从搜集语料、建立语料库到利用语料库进行翻译批评的具体方法.

  7. On E-C Translation of Prose from the Perspective of Translational Writing:Exemplified with Cao Minglun' s Translation of Francis Bacon' s Essays%翻译写作学视角下的英汉散文翻译探究——以曹明伦译《培根随笔集》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄培清

    2015-01-01

    以翻译写作学为理论指导,从翻译写作学的"感知——运思——表达——检视"四个阶段阐述了英汉散文翻译写作笔法,论述英汉散文翻译在这四个阶段中应当注意的关键问题,指出翻译写作学对指导英汉散文翻译实践及提高译文质量具有积极的意义.%With the guidance of translational writing theory, the paper expounds the translation skills in E-C translation of prose during the four phases of translational writing, namely, perception, thought operation, ex-pression and reviewing. It also states the key points in E-C translation of prose during the four phases. Based on that, the article draws the conclusion that the theory of translational writing has an instructive significance in the practice of E-C translation of prose and enhances the quality of the translated text.

  8. Effects of choice white grease or poultry fat on growth performance, carcass leanness, and meat quality characteristics of growing-finishing pigs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engel, J J; Smith, J W; Unruh, J A; Goodband, R D; O'Quinn, P R; Tokach, M D; Nelssen, J L

    2001-06-01

    Eighty-four crossbred gilts were used to evaluate the effects of dietary choice white grease (CWG) or poultry fat (PF) on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and quality characteristics of longissimus muscle (LM), belly, and bacon of growing-finishing pigs. Pigs (initially 60 kg) were fed a control diet with no added fat or diets containing 2, 4, or 6% CWG or PF. Diets were fed from 60 to 110 kg and contained 2.26 g lysine/Mcal ME. Data were analyzed as a 2 x 3 factorial plus a control with main effects of fat source (CWG and PF) and fat level (2, 4, and 6%). Pigs fed the control diet, 2% fat, and 4% fat had greater (P 0.05) were observed for ADG, dressing percentage, leaf fat weight, LM pH, backfat depth, LM area, percentage lean, LM visual evaluation, LM waterholding capacity, Warner-Bratzler shear and sensory evaluation of the LM and bacon, fat color and firmness measurements, or bacon processing characteristics. Adding dietary fat improved G/F and altered the fatty acid profiles of the LM and bacon, but differences in growth rate, carcass characteristics, and quality and sensory characteristics of the LM and bacon were minimal. Dietary additions of up to 6% CWG or PF can be made with little effect on quality of pork LM, belly, or bacon.

  9. Res, veluti per machinas, conficiatur: natural history and the 'mechanical' reform of natural philosophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Ian G

    2012-01-01

    This paper revisits Bacon's persistent 'mechanical' imagery by which he described the 'aid' through which the human mind would be rendered adequate to framing axioms about nature's processes and properties that underlie all natural phenomena. It argues that the role Bacon ascribed to his own insights into the properties and motions of matter is crucial for grasping such instrumental imagery, because his own writings--both methodological and natural historical--need to be read as themselves comprising, at least in incipient form, the very instruments of which they speak. From that reflexive standpoint, this paper in particular focuses on the 'aid' to the senses that his natural histories were to have offered under the interpretative guidance offered by the Novum organum and other works. The 'hypothetical' status to which Bacon is often thought to have accorded his own natural philosophical insights does not adequately take into account the transformative power Bacon thought these insights should have through his own writings. The fact that Bacon was keenly sensitive to the psychological effects of textual authority in his intellectual milieu prompts new reflection concerning how he intended his own texts to be read, and how we should read them.

  10. The history of life and death: a 'spiritual' history from invisible matter to prolongation of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gemelli, Benedino

    2012-01-01

    Over a long period of time, particularly from the nineteenth century on, Francis Bacon's philosophy has been interpreted as centred on the Novum organum and focused on the role that a well-organized method may play in securing a reliable knowledge of nature. In fact, if we examine Bacon's oeuvre as a whole, including some recent manuscript findings (De vijs mortis), we can safely argue that the issues addressed in the Novum organum represent only a part of Bacon's agenda, and not even the most important ones. By contrast, it is apparent that, from the very beginning of his investigations, he emphasized the central role of medicine, the need to establish new approaches in the study of the vital functions and the importance of promoting new discoveries in the medical field, not so much to find a cure for the many illnesses that plagued mankind as to prolong human life. In this sense, Historia vitae et mortis plays a central role in Bacon's programme to extend human knowledge and power, for, in his opinion, human beings could recover their lost ability to live a long and healthy life by embarking on careful investigations of nature. Far from being a purely descriptive or abstract exercise, Bacon's historia can therefore be seen as an operative tool to attain some of mankind's basic aims.

  11. An investigation into between-meal food desires among hospitalised haematological cancer patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Okkels, S. L.; Bredie, Wender; Klausen, Tobias Wirenfeldt

    2016-01-01

    haematological cancer patients, screened for nutrition-related symptoms, participated. Univariate statistical models were used to investigate the influence of time-of-day and food texture on between-meal desires. Results: Fresh fruit, ice cream, cheese and mashed potatoes with bacon were the most desired food...... inclination for fresh fruit, ice cream, mashed potatoes with bacon, and cheese. Time of the day (morning) and texture (liquid) had the greatest and most positive impact on food desires. The findings may be easily implemented in hospital food service routines for cancer patients, and might positively...

  12. 西洋精神と実験科学のユートピア 『ニュー・アトランティス』(F.ベイコン,1627)

    OpenAIRE

    1993-01-01

    TO THE READER by Bacon's secretary William Rawley when he published New Atlantis after Bacon's death is quoted here as a substitute for the synopsis of this paper : This Fable my Lord devised, to the end that he might exhibit therein, a model or description of a College, instituted for the interpreting of Nature, and the producing of great and marvellous works for the benefit of man ; under the name of Salomon's House, or the College of the Six Days' Works. And even so far his Lordship hath p...

  13. 4. Truth(s)

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Collective truth: Bacon That the collaborative interrogation of the natural world, promoted by the Royal Society in its early days, could be more productive than individual endeavour was brought home to the learned world by Francis Bacon. His depiction of the fictional Solomon’s House in the New Atlantis (1627) was to serve as a prototype of organised scientific activities for the satisfaction of human needs. Fig. 10 Title page of New Atlantis in the second edition of Francis Bacon’s Sylva s...

  14. Bibliography--Unclassified Technical Reports, Special Reports, and Technical Notes: FY 1982.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-11-01

    the Navy: An Evaluation. TR 82-35. February 1982. L. M. Doherty and S. F. Bacon . (AD-A 112 716) This project was conducted to evaluate the...AUTHOR INDEX Author Page Number Abrahams, N.M. 5, 7 Abrams, M. L. 16, 21 Alf, E. F. 6 Atwater, D. M. I Backman, R. 14 Bacon , S. F. 11 Baker, M.S. 15...Commanding Officer, Fleet Anti-Submarine Warfare Training Center, Pacific 55 Comndn Oficr Fle Comba Trainin Cetr Atlanti Commanding Officer, Fleet Combat

  15. Bid Responsiveness and the Acceptable Nonconforming Bid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-09-30

    t iaon )t . v. Atlanti ( County .eraue Authori ty, t ’.,. 101, 1 1 , 31 41 A.2d 32/, 131-33? 64 Construction to., Inc. v. Lincoln I1ark, 161 t.J. ,uper...ec. B-133680, 75-1 CPD 41 393 (1975). 284 ,E._. , Porter Contracting Co., 55 Comp. Gun. 615 (1576)(Davis- Bacon wage rate determination); Columbus...190311,77-2 CPD 316 (1977)(Davis- Bacon %,age determination). 2,5. Comp. Gen. [Jec. b-177747, April II, 1973, Unpub. 2 ,6. iAqua-Tril Corp., Comp. Gen

  16. The Effects of Rotary Motion on Taste and Odor Ratings: Implications for Space Travel

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-12-01

    Tereskova, in Vostok VI (1963), reported a reduced appetite for sweets and a desire for pungent food tastes. In Soyuz 26, Cosmonaut Gretchko found that...odorants used in the odor test Code Odo~r Source 1 BANANA Pentyl Butyrate 2362, lot 691-1d, Eastman, Rochester, N.Y. 2 BACON Imitation Bacon Flavor f-62 30...Givaudan Corp., 321 44th St., New York, N.Y., ESROLKO Div. 3 BEEF Imitation Beef Flavor 4452, McCormick & Co., Cockeysville,-Hd-., Industrial Div. 4

  17. Strategy: A Philosophy of Doctrine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-06-01

    Tzt~thzm Jin oidzn. ol pK.loK.lty and then choo &z thz mo&t zhhzctivz COUA.&Z o& action. ThzKz will be a Apzclal itKazzgy to lit zach...Bernardo, USA, and Eugene H. Bacon, American Military Policy: Its Development Since 1775 (Harrisburg, Pa.: The Military Service Publishing Co., 1955...N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1979. Bernardo, C. Joseph, Maj, USA, and Bacon, Eugene H. American Military Policy: Its Development Since 1775

  18. TALL FESCUE AND ASSOCIATED MUTUALISTIC TOXIC FUNGAL ENDOPHYTES IN AGROECOSYSTEMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bacon et al. (1977) proposed and Hoveland et al. (1980, 1986) substantiated that impaired health and performance of livestock grazing tall fescue [Lolium arundinaceum S. J. Darbyshire, formerly Festuca arundinacea Schreb.] were associated with the fungal endophyte Neotyphodium coenophialum Glenn, Ha...

  19. Enabling Engineer Officers as Terrain Experts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-05-31

    Douglas Victor , and Captain John DeJarnette, expressed the importance of knowing geospatial engineering tasks in tactical operations. Other officers with...in Education: An Introduction, 5th ed. University of Toledo . Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon. Williams, Morris. 1982. The American Heritage Dictionary, 2nd

  20. Ethnic Groups in History Textbooks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glazer, Nathan; Ueda, Reed

    Six popular high school American history textbooks are examined to address accusations of overcompensation by textbook publishers as a result of the raised ethnic consciousness of the 1970s. The textbooks are: "Our American Heritage" (Silver Burdett); "The Pageant of American History" (Allyn and Bacon); "A History of Our American Republic"…

  1. Engineering Complex Human-Technological Work Systems: A Sensemaking Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-01

    by Rene Descartes , Immanuel Kant, and Ludwig Wittgenstein, and mathematically by Alfred North Whitehead and Bertrand Russell. Logical rationalism...reductionism—originally introduced by Descartes in 1673)— asserts that complex objects, phenomena, theories, and meanings can always be reduced to a...Positivism Essentialism Analytic Philosophy Social Constructivism Nominalism Autopoiesis Descartes Plato Aristotle Aquinas Bacon Locke Wittgenstein

  2. Toward a Nonlinear Theory of War: Changing the Root Metaphor

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-01-01

    understand, but to control nature as a servant of mankmd Rene Descartes (1596- 1650), bmldmg on the tmderstandmg generated by Copernicus, Galileo, Bacon...amenable to accumulation of perfect, scientific knowledge Descartes created the conceptual framework and Isaac Newton (1642-1727) completed the

  3. The Moral and Ethical Implications of Precision-Guided Munitions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-01

    state was secured permanently on the world political stage. Grotius was to jurisprudence and the just-war tradition as Francis Bacon and Rene ... Descartes were to philosophy and Galileo Galilei and Sir Isaac Newton were to applied science. Grotius’ interpretation of the just-war tra- dition as it

  4. The Problem of Robust Compensation for Systems with Unmodeled Dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-12-31

    York: Academic, 1974. (201 J. Dugundji , Topology. New York: Allyn and Bacon, 1966. [31 S. L. Campbell and N. J. Rose, "Singular perturbation of...Linear Systems over Comutative Rings, Marcel Dekker Inc., 1986. (18] J. R. Munkres, Topology: A First Course, Prentice-Hall. 1975. (19] James Dugundji

  5. Struggling for a New Identity: A Critique of the Curriculum Research Effort in Technology Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuga, Karen F.

    Historically, technology education evolved from several strands: Bacon's realism, Pestalozzi's belief in the practical application of knowledge, Rousseau's naturalism, Herbart's sense realism, Dewey's progressive and social reconstructionist thinking, and the influence of vocationalism. The mainstream practice of industrial arts was more a study…

  6. Philosophy in Context: Reply to Trohler

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Richard

    2007-01-01

    This paper responds to Trohler's charge that my paper "As if by Machinery: The levelling of educational research" takes Francis Bacon's vision of scientific research out of context. I distinguish four senses of "decontextualisation": as ignorance, as belief in "timeless truths", as comparison of contexts, and as genealogy. I argue that Trohler has…

  7. As if by Machinery: The Levelling of Educational Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Richard

    2006-01-01

    Much current educational research shows the influence of two powerful but potentially pernicious lines of thought. The first, which can be traced at least as far back as Francis Bacon, is the ambition to formulate precise techniques of research, or "research methods", which can be applied reliably irrespective of the talent of the researcher. The…

  8. Scholarship and Scholarly Communication in the Electronic Age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chodorow, Stanley

    2000-01-01

    Discusses scholarly communication and economic factors that are affecting it. Highlights include a history of the scholarly community beginning with Francis Bacon; price increases that affected library budgets; relationships between faculty and universities; expansion of higher education; and use of the World Wide Web for scholarly communication.…

  9. Naturalizing Science: Two Episodes in the Evolution of a Rhetoric of Scientism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lessl, Thomas M.

    1996-01-01

    Argues that religious themes persist in the public rhetoric of science, but that they have been transposed into an evolutionary symbolism. Examines the discourse of two practitioners of scientism, Francis Bacon and Jacob Bronowski, to illustrate the religious features of scientism and to show the continuity of the ideological work that it has…

  10. Science Centres and Science Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rennie, Leonie J.; McClafferty, Terence P.

    1996-01-01

    Focuses on the interactive science center and its history over the last four decades. Traces the original idea to Francis Bacon. Recommends the use of cross-site studies to develop a model of learning in this setting. Contains 141 references. (DDR)

  11. Making Real Virtual Labs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, Harry E.; Keller, Edward E.

    2005-01-01

    Francis Bacon began defining scientific methodology in the early 17th century, and secondary school science classes began to implement science labs in the mid-19th century. By the early 20th century, leading educators were suggesting that science labs be used to develop scientific thinking habits in young students, and at the beginning of the 21st…

  12. The Marine Geochemistry of Rhenium, Iridium and Platinum

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    vessels Atlantis II, New Horizon and R. - Warfield made the collection of samples for this work as easy as possible. I would like to thank all of my...Boyle, E. A., S. D. Chapnick, G. T. Shen and M. P. Bacon . (1986). "Temporal variability of lead in the western North Atlantic." J. Geoohys. Res, 91(c7

  13. Performance Monitoring System Summary of Lock Statistics for April - June 1985.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-11-01

    EPOFTED E4 NORFOLK NORTH ATLANTI 4,85 5185 6𔄂...LOCK 600/01"’ 1" 02-DEMOPOLIS LOCK & DAM 0 1 03-WARRIOR LOCK & DAM 0 ! 1P, 0 04-WILLIAM BACON OLIVER LK & Di 0400/0095i 12.0 O5-HOLT LOCK I DAM .600

  14. 10-MWe solar-thermal central-receiver pilot plant: collector subsystem foundation construction. Revision No. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-12-18

    Bid documents are provided for the construction of the collector subsystem foundation of the Barstow Solar Pilot Plant, including invitation to bid, bid form, representations and certifications, construction contract, and labor standards provisions of the Davis-Bacon Act. Instructions to bidders, general provisions and general conditions are included. Technical specifications are provided for the construction. (LEW)

  15. International Crisis Information Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-12-01

    a Congressional Aide for Senator John McCain of Arizona (2). Senator McCain knows Californian Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger (3). Governor... Schwarzenegger was in Batman Legacy (2000) with Jack Nicholson (4). Jack Nicholson was in A Few Good Men (1992) with Kevin Bacon (5); worked again! A

  16. Integrated Desert Terrain Forecasting for Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-15

    Geophysical Research, (01 2011): 0. doi: 12/16/2012 16.00 Jose Luis Antinao, Eric McDonald. A reduced relevance of vegetation change for alluvial aggradation ...vegetation change for alluvial aggradation in arid zones: Geology. Bacon, S.N., McDonald, E.V., Baker, S.E., Caldwell, T.G., and Stullenbarger, G., 2008

  17. The Voynich Manuscript: An Elegant Enigma

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-01-01

    nioscolastiquedephilosopbie 27. pp. 170- 1%. Hugo, Herman. 1617. De Prima Scribendi Origite et Universa Rei Literariae Antiquitate. Auvers. James. Montague Rhodes. 1903...8217 Speculum o (-Jul l pp. 10 ,-91. Massa. Eugenio. 1953. ’Ruggero Bacone e la Poeita’ di Aristotele." Giornale Critica della Ftloofia Italtana i2

  18. Resource Recovery Technology Application Document.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-06-01

    required before the process can be considered a viable recovery alternative. Additional data are not available. REFERENCES Diebold, James P., "Gasoline From...Dearborn Chem. Div.Lib.) *i FORD, BACON & DAVIS. INC. New York (Library) * MIDLAND-ROSS CORP. TOLEDO. OH (RINKER) POTOMAC ENERGY GRU ( Naismith ) Alexandria

  19. Book Review "Cambridge handbook of experimental political science"

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grimmelikhuijsen, Stephan

    2014-01-01

    Experimentation has formed the basis for modern scientific discovery. Francis Bacon (1561– 1626), “the father of empiricism,” was one of the first to propose a method of science based on experimentation that results in new theories that can again be tested by experimentation. At first, experiments s

  20. 77 FR 67026 - Proposed Extension of the Approval of Information Collection Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-08

    ... format, reporting burden (time and financial resources) is minimized, collection instruments are clearly.... Background The Wage and Hour Division of the Department of Labor administers the Davis-Bacon Act and Davis... technological collection techniques or other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting...

  1. New records of cirripedes from Trinidad and Tobaco

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bacon, Peter R.; Hubbard, Richard; Southward, Alan J.

    1984-01-01

    An earlier report (BACON, 1976) described collections of Cirripedes from Trinidad containing 26 species. These included 4 Lepadomorpha, 21 Balanomorpha and 1 Sacculinid from intertidal and shallow water habitats. Eight additional species are reported on here, further notes are given on two of the Ci

  2. Development of a Content-Valid Standardized Orthopedic Assessment Tool (SOAT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lafave, Mark; Katz, Larry; Butterwick, Dale

    2008-01-01

    Content validation of an instrument that measures student performance in OSCE-type practical examinations is a critical step in a tool's overall validity and reliability [Hopkins (1998), "Educational and Psychological Measurement and Evaluation" (8th ed.). Toronto: Allyn & Bacon]. The purpose of the paper is to outline the process…

  3. 75 FR 57974 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-23

    ..., Janice Aytes, Michael L. Bacon, Roxana Baldwin, William D. Baroukh, Nader Barr, Suzanne E. Bathurst... Carwile III, William L. Chaparro, James M. Chavez, Richard Chuang, Theodore Cipicchio, Domenico C. Cohn..., Charles N. DiFalco, Frank Dinkins, James A. Dong, Norman S. Doyle, Christopher Duffy, Patricia M....

  4. Assessment of Habitual Diners Nutrient Intake in a Military-Operated Garrison Dining Facility Fort Devens 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-11-01

    Hamburgers Cucumber Slices Grilled Cheeseburgers Cherry Tomatoes Grilled Frankfurters Block Cheddar Cheese Hamburger & Frankfurter Buns Flavored Gelatin...Fries Carrot Sticks Potato Chips Celery Sticks Sliced Mushrooms Sandwiches Chopped Hard Cooked Egg Cucumber & Onion Salad Egg Salad Green Pepper Tuna...Bacon Lettuce Tomato Sliced Pickles Soup du Jour Chopped Lettuce Leaves Apple Sauce Beverages Chopped Onions Tabasco Sauce 2% Fat Milk Mayonnaise Skim

  5. Advanced Signal Processing Analysis of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Data for the Discrimination of Obsidian Sources

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-09

    groups on the basis of both K-Ar geochronology and geochemical character. Importantly, these authors note that the dome and flow surface morphology ...acquisition and production of Bodie Hills obsidian,” Society for Calif. Archaeol. Newsletter 35, 32–37 (2001). 26. W.A.Duffield,C.R.Bacon,andG.B.Dalrymple

  6. 29 CFR 1.3 - Obtaining and compiling wage rate information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... also obtain data from agencies on wage rates paid on construction projects under their jurisdiction... to Davis-Bacon prevailing wage requirements, the number of workers employed in each classification on each project, and the respective wage rates paid such workers. (2) Signed collective...

  7. Development of Zunyi Fermented Sausage and the Application of HACCP in Production%遵义发酵香肠的研制及HACCP在生产中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李湘丽; 曹先东

    2015-01-01

    T he sausage is the traditional delicacy in Zunyi ,w hich has an unique taste and easy to be preserved . Generally ,the process of sausage is in winter .But in recent years'market ,some bacon products'factories are processing at any time ,in w hich there are semi-finished products and finished products .For semi-finished products ,they need to be cleaned and steamed before eating .This article has made a further improvement to the Zunyi fermented sausage by adding the Bulgarian lactobacillus and lactobacillus acidophilus with fermen‐tation processing ,which reduces the residual nitrite in bacon meat products .At the same time ,the HACCP system is introduced scientifically into the production and processing of Zunyi fermented sausage ,w hich aims to improve the safety and quality of sausage and produces consumers'favorite bacon meat products .That not only meets the requirements of food culture but also increases the safety of processing bacon meat products , w hich make the sausage become safe and health food .%介绍了遵义发酵香肠的研制改进方案,探讨了HACCP在发酵香肠生产中的应用,研究了发酵香肠生产过程中的HACCP控制标准,以期为提高腊产品加工的安全性及健康性提供参考。

  8. Iga viies unistab ülemuse või kolleegi löömisest

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Konsultatsioonifirma Hewitt Bacon & Woodrow küsitletud 594 töötajast tunnistas 94%, et töö põhjustab neile stressi. Stressi põhjustavad enamasti organisatsioonisisesed faktorid, mille tõttu tipp- ja keskastme juhid peavad astuma samme töötajate stressi vähendamiseks

  9. The analysis and reflection of Bacon’s Of Studies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    佟洁

    2015-01-01

    It is an universaly acknowledged truth that of studies is one of the most wel-known prose of Bacon,which is thought-provoking in terms of its directness, terseness, forcefulness. The article attach importance to studying knowledge in the perspective of its practical application towards the individual.

  10. 《论旅行》赏析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王静

    2007-01-01

    Bacon is a heavyweight in prose.Of Travel,a piece of The Essays,has won great popularity for their beautiful style and wise thoughts. Its standout conciseness and simplicity prove him to be a strong stylist and his wisdorn, a philosopher.

  11. 英语之页

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Clara Latimer Bacon was born in Hillsgrove,McDonough County,Illinois of a pioneerNew England family.She was graduated from Hedding College,Abingdon,Illinois in 1 886.After a year of teaching she entered Wellesley College.In 1890 she received her B.A.degree

  12. Brief Report: Cognitive Performance in Autism and Asperger's Syndrome: What Are the Differences?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taddei, Stefano; Contena, Bastianina

    2013-01-01

    Autism spectrum disorders include autistic and Asperger's Syndrome (AS), often studied in terms of executive functions (EF), with controversial results. Using Planning Attention Simultaneous Successive theory (PASS; Das et al. in "Assessment of cognitive processes: the PASS theory of intelligence." Allyn and Bacon, Boston, MA, 1994),…

  13. Utopia e Educacao no Renascimento (Utopia and Education in the Renaissance).

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, Joao Carlos

    2000-01-01

    Discusses education in utopian ideas of the Renaissance, privileging Thomas More's "Utopia," Tommaso Campanella's "City of the Sun," and Francis Bacon's "Nova Atlantis." Analyzes the importance Renaissance utopian thinkers had in the process of the construction of modern educational thinking, explaining how these…

  14. The Sin of Science: Ignorance of Ignorance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravetz, Jerome R.

    1993-01-01

    Considers the idea of ignorance of ignorance in the scientific culture. Topics discussed include a historical background of ignorance in science, including the ideas of Socrates, Galileo, Descartes, and Bacon; teaching and practice; and philosophical reconstruction and the relationship between knowledge and ignorance. (Contains six references.)…

  15. A Study to Quantify the Physical Demands Placed upon Personnel Assigned to an Air Force Maintenance Specialty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-09-01

    Netter , John and others. Fundamental Statistics for. Business and Economics. 4th ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon , Inc . , 1973. 19. Phaffenberger...Workers, and Work Measurement. Morning— side Heights, New York: Columbia University Press , 1956. Astrand , P. 0., and K. Rodahl. Work Physiology ...Psychology of Production. New York: The Ronald Press Company , 1947. Simonson , E. Physiology of Work Capacity and Fatigue. (ed) Springfield

  16. Agriculture, trade and environment linkages in the pig sector: A comparative study of manure regulations and their significance for the competitiveness of the pig sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Mikael Skou

    2002-01-01

    In this paper we investigate the possible effects of differences in pollution control on the competitiveness of intensive livestock producers of pork, and hence to what extent environmental regulations might distort free trade in this market. We understand environmental regulations somewhat...... would affect producer costs per baconer or pig (monetary values are in Euro - EUR)....

  17. 21 CFR 101.12 - Reference amounts customarily consumed per eating occasion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., substitutes for bacon bits 7 g _ tbsp(s) (_ g) Salt, salt substitutes, seasoning salts (e.g., garlic salt) 1/4... than common household measures (e.g., for a beverage, “Very low sodium, 35 mg or less per 240 mL (8...

  18. U.S. Government Initiatives in Afghanistan: An Application of Diffusion of Innovations Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-17

    similarity is a powerful influencing mechanism. Robert Cialdini notes that in several research studies sameness was a significant variable in persuading...determining factor in rates of adoption. 28 Robert Cialdini , Influence: Science and...cron.html (accessed February 28, 2012). Cialdini , Robert B. Influence: Science and Practice. 4th ed. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon, 2001

  19. Binary Arithmetic From Hariot (CA, 1600 A.D.) to the Computer Age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glaser, Anton

    This history of binary arithmetic begins with details of Thomas Hariot's contribution and includes specific references to Hariot's manuscripts kept at the British Museum. A binary code developed by Sir Francis Bacon is discussed. Briefly mentioned are contributions to binary arithmetic made by Leibniz, Fontenelle, Gauss, Euler, Benzout, Barlow,…

  20. What Teachers Can Learn from the Practice of Artists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarvis, Michael

    2011-01-01

    This article considers how primary teachers can learn from the practice of artists in their own teaching of art. Fundamental to artistic practice is the notion of practising with various materials and tools. In the article I look at some children's images, as well as scrutinising some statements made by the painter Francis Bacon. The practices of…

  1. Effects of Training School Type and Examiner Type on General Aviation Flight Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    of functions. New York. Taylor & Francis . SPSS, Inc. (1999). SPSS advanced models 10.0. Chicago, IL: Author. SPSS, Inc. (2007). SPSS statistics...Algorithms.pdf Tabachnick, B.G., & Fidell, L.S. (2001). Using multivariate statistics (4th Ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon . Webster, N. (Nov. 24, 2010

  2. Biography as an Art: Selected Criticism 1560-1960.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clifford, James L., Ed.

    Forty-seven essays from five centuries of writings on biography are contained in this book. Selections are arranged under the following headings: "Before 1700" (9 selections), "The Eighteenth Century" (5), "The Nineteenth Century" (11), "Early Twentieth Century" (14), and "Mid-Twentieth Century" (8). Authors range from Francis Bacon to Leon Edel.…

  3. The Application of textual function in Of Studies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余硕

    2016-01-01

    Of Studies by Francis Bacon is a classic. It has been widespread since it was published. This paper probes into making a comprehensive description of the essay's textual meaning so as to finding out its application in Of Studies and verify the practicality of functional grammar in this essay.

  4. Home Economics as an Academic Discipline: A Short History. Topical Paper No. 15.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carver, Marie Negri

    The history of the home economics curriculum is traced from the late nineteenth century. The importance of the ideas of Sir Francis Bacon and Count Rumford in providing the philosophical justification for the application of science to everyday living is emphasized. The establishment of land grant colleges and women's colleges in the nineteenth…

  5. I spy with my little eye. Surveillance, transparency and the power of information

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Randeraad, Nico

    2016-01-01

    "Scientia potentia est" – knowledge is power. Many people seem to read this phrase, attributed to Francis Bacon, as a mission statement. If knowledge is power, then it is easy to understand why people demand more transparency and why at the same time surveillance increases. Transparency and surveill

  6. Utopias past and future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyler, David J.; Blain, Barry

    2016-05-01

    In reply to Robert P Crease's article “Diversifying utopia” (March p29, http://ow.ly/104lZw), which discussed the near-absence of women in the novel New Atlantis, which was written in the 17th century by the natural philosopher Francis Bacon.

  7. Philosophy and Morality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ediger, Marlow

    Philosophical thinking which has stood the test of time is summarized in this document. The rationale is that all students benefit from studies of philosophical thinking emphasizing moral standards. Thinkers included are: Plato, Aristotle, Peter Abelard, Francis Bacon, Sir Thomas More, Thomas Campanella, Thomas Hobbes, Benedict Spinoza, John…

  8. Learning to Trust Our Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thayer-Bacon, Barbara J.

    2012-01-01

    Thayer-Bacon uses this opportunity to further explore Ranciere's ideas concerning equality as described in "The Ignorant Schoolmaster" and their connection to democracy, as he explains in "Hatred of Democracy". For Ranciere, intelligence and equality are synonymous terms, just as reason and will are synonymous terms. Ranciere recommends the only…

  9. Learning Technology Specification: Principles for Army Training Designers and Developers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    training: capitalizing on lessons learned. International Journal of Training and Development 14, 239-249. Bloom , B. S . (1984). Taxonomy of... educational objectives . Boston: Allyn and Bacon. Bower, M. (2008). Affordance analysis- matching learning tasks with learning technologies... Educational Media International, 45, 3-15. Bransford, J. D., Sherwood, R. D., Hasselbring, T. S ., Kinzer, C. K., and Williams, S . M. (1990). Anchored

  10. DESEJO DE LUZ: O CRISTIANISMO E O SURGIMENTO DA FILOSOFIA MODERNA EM LUDWIG FEUERBACH / A DESIRE FOR LIGHT: CHRISTIANITY AND THE EMERGENCE OF MODERN PHILOSOPHY IN LUDWIG FEUERBACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chrysantho Figueiredo

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This is a review of Ludwig Feuerbach’s book introduction Geshichte der Neuern Philosophie von Bacon bis Spinoza. The original text is in German, the review is in Portuguese. However, we present here, attached, the translated text, also unpublished and original. In 1841's The Essence of Christianity, Feuerbach presents in a most complete way his own version of the radical humanism which excited the young hegelians of his generation. However, it is between 1833 and 1838 that Feuerbach formulates his own philosophical point of view from the critique of the major philosophical systems of modernity. The History of Philosophy from Bacon to Spinoza, published in 1833, is the first of his historicalphilosophical works which, apart from the critique of the philosophers indicated by the title, presents also a singular feuerbachian vision of history as a whole, showing how modern philosophy emerges from the inherent contradictions of the Christian religious spirit.

  11. Performance Monitoring System: Summary of Lock Statistics for October-December 1983.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-08-01

    NAME DriuISINAWE lNPS REPTiED E3 l YORK NORTH ATLANTI 10/83 11/83 12M9 ALL TIE rim coo IN fMMTE LOCK PROCESSIE TIME ELATED DELAY ELAT ELAT APPROACH...MRIOR LOCK I DAN 0600/0110/12,0 04-IIM BACON OLIVER LK a ON 0600/O0/12,0 05-HOLT LOCK & OAK 0600/0110/12,0 06-JOII IIOLLIS BAN" LK I O 0600/0110/12,0...LOCK A DAN 1 12 32 1 4 16 1 13 50 3 11 34? 282 9796 31.2 129 W ARRIOR LOCK I DAN 1 12 41 1 4 18 5 17 29 1 9 403 : 289 10956 37.9 160 WILLIAM BACON

  12. Occurrence and growth of yeasts in processed meat products - implications for potential spoilage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Dennis Sandris; Jacobsen, Tomas; Jespersen, Lene

    2008-01-01

    Spoilage of meat products is in general attributed to bacteria but new processing and storage techniques inhibiting growth of bacteria may provide opportunities for yeasts to dominate the microflora and cause spoilage of the product. With the aim of obtaining a deeper understanding of the potential...... role of yeast in spoilage of five different processed meat products (bacon, ham, salami and two different liver patés), yeasts were isolated, enumerated and identified during processing, in the final product and in the final product at the end of shelf life. Yeasts were isolated along the bacon...... of the processed meat products. The yeast microflora was complex with 4-12 different species isolated from the different production sites. In general, Candida zeylanoides, Debaryomyces hansenii and the newly described Candida alimentaria were found to be the dominant yeast species. In addition, three putatively...

  13. Los céspedes deportivos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Calderón, José M.

    1981-12-01

    Full Text Available Not available.

    «Nothing is more pleasant to the eye than green grass kept finely shorn» Francis Bacon Essay on Gardenning (1625. Aparte de algunas citas bíblicas sobre la hierba, relacionadas más bien con los ciclos vegetales de crecimiento y pausa o con el particular simbolismo hebreo, quedan referencias escritas desde Punió el Joven a Bocaccio y Francis Bacon, en las que se alaban las cualidades de belleza del césped en el entorno del hombre, en el jardín o en el medio urbano naciente. Son estas referencias a las cualidades ornamentales del césped apreciaciones cultas, ilustradas, que siguen a los primitivos usos utilitarios de la hierba como alimentación del ganado que conserva junto a sí el hombre agricultor, en su cercado-habitáculo.

  14. Le programme « baconien » des chimistes de la Royal Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luc Peterschmitt

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available La réception de la philosophie naturelle de Bacon est une réception tronquée, y compris et surtout chez ceux qui se disent baconiens, en particulier à la Royal Society. Nous expliquons ce décalage, en montrant la fonction de la référence à Bacon, à propos de la chimie : même s’il n’est pas authentique, le baconisme de la Royal Society libère un espace théorique pour la chimie, puisqu’il interdit tout a priori portant sur ce que l’on peut admettre au titre de principe de l’explication. Certes, les recherches causales sont des « hypothèses », mais sous couvert d’une précaution parfois rhétorique, elles sont réelles. Mais cela signifie essentiellement, pour les chimistes, que malgré le discours de rupture de la Royal Society, qui se veut fondatrice d’une nouvelle science, ils peuvent s’inscrire dans la continuité de la chimie du 17e siècle. Loin que cela signifie que les chimistes de la Royal Society soient rétrogrades, nous voyons là un signe de la modernité de la chimie. Et si finalement elle s’arrange facilement de la référence à Bacon, c’est peut-être aussi que c’est le genre de science que Bacon a en vue pour sa Grande Restauration.The reception of Bacon’s natural philosophy is paradoxical : it seems that even the “baconists” did not really read or understand Bacon’s works. I try to explain that discrepancy between Bacon’s thought and his epigones by studying the role of the reference to Bacon, as far as chemistry is concerned. In fact, such a baconism, even if it is not genuine, allows chemistry to use its proper principles, since it forbids to decide which are the true principles before the study of natural phenomena. Certainly, discourses about causes are “hypotheses”; but sometimes such a designation is only rhetorical. That signifies that, in spite of the claimed clash which past, the chemists of the Royal Society worked in the directions drawn by the “old” chemistry

  15. 奇闻趣事

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    目标:提高英语闽读和听力水平。 想一想:你喜欢培根的味道吗,为什么?你觉得培根为什么如此受欢迎?你找到工作的秘诀是什么?你觉得雇主想要什么样的应聘者? Smell Like Bacon 培根味剃须膏 新鲜出炉的培根让人垂涎欲滴,但如果有人闻起来像培根,那一定很奇怪。Most people agree that the smell of freshly-cooked bacon is delicious. Just a whiff of it is enough to make your stomach rumble. But would you want to smell like bacon? Entrepreneur Justin Esch thinks it's a good idea,

  16. Construction of scientific knowledge in motor learning: history and perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudio Márcio Oliveira

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The present work aims to inquire the construction of scientific knowledge in the motor learning area. A necessary historical retrospective on this study field considers the epistemology of Francis Bacon, Karl Popper, Paul Feyerabend and Thomas Kuhn. Bacon and Popper’s conceptions show to be inadequate to explain the scientific progress of motor learning. Feyerabend’s ideas are also inadequate as they lack coherency, even though in some aspects they are adequate. The Kuhnian approach, however, seems more satisfactory, particularly with regard to the notion of “crisis of paradigm” between the ecological approach and the information-processing approach. A critique is offered from human and social sciences perspective. This leads us to reflect on the possible growth of a new paradigm and consider scientific practice as a social practice.

  17. The identification of synthetic organic pigments in modern paints and modern paintings using pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Joanna; Singer, Brian W; Perry, Justin J; Bacon, Anne

    2011-05-01

    A collection of more than 70 synthetic organic pigments were analysed using pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (Py-GC-MS). We report on the analysis of diketo-pyrrolo-pyrrole, isoindolinone and perylene pigments which are classes not previously reported as being analysed by this technique. We also report on a number of azo pigments (2-naphthol, naphthol AS, arylide, diarylide, benzimidazolone and disazo condensation pigments) and phthalocyanine pigments, the Py-GC-MS analysis of which has not been previously reported. The members of each class were found to fragment in a consistent way and the pyrolysis products are reported. The technique was successfully applied to the analysis of paints used by the artist Francis Bacon (1909-1992), to simultaneously identify synthetic organic pigments and synthetic binding media in two samples of paint taken from Bacon's studio and micro-samples taken from three of his paintings and one painting attributed to him.

  18. 榨菜中亚硝酸盐与其它食物中亚硝酸盐含量的对比研究%Mustard Nitrite and Nitrite Content of Other Foods Comparative Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉礼; 何家林

    2011-01-01

    本文对榨菜原料及产品、日常蔬菜、猪肉、火腿肠、香肠、腊肉中亚硝酸盐的含量进行了检测.结果显示,榨菜产品中亚硝酸盐含量均值在3.1mg/kg左右,而隔夜菜、火腿肠、香肠、腊肉中亚硝酸盐的的含量是其2-5倍.%In this paper, nitrate content of raw materials and products of the pickle, daily vegetables, pork, sausage, sausages and bacon were detected respectively. The results showed, nitrate content in pickle products was about 3.1mg/kg, but nitrate contents of overnight dish, sausage, sausages and bacon were its 2-5times.

  19. HOW WOULD A LANGUAGE TEACHER ENCOURAGE THE DEVELOPMENT OF NECESSARY READING SKILLS?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    Introduction Some books are to be read only in parts; others to be read, but not curiously; and some few to be read wholly, and with diligence and attention’ (Bacon). What Bacon said is quite true; we use different reading skills for different books, but how can we read most efficiently and get information in the shortest possible time? Some people argue that a large vocabulary is the most important element, it is ’everything’. By vocabulary they mean those words which can be recognized or decoded instantly and for which they have an appropriate concept. To some extent, I agree with this opinion-but I do think reading is a very complicated process-it is not as easy as all that. Reading concerns many aspects of the language. What’s more, we need certain skills in reading to get the best result from different kinds of reading materials.

  20. Medical sociology: a personal fifty year perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Straus, R

    1999-06-01

    This paper reviews the author's experience in becoming a medical sociologist before the field had become formalized. The contributions to medical sociology of sociologist Selden D. Bacon and physician and medical educator William R. Willard are described. The relationship of medical sociology to medical behavioral science, as experienced at the University of Kentucky, is discussed. Finally, the thesis of the author's 1957 paper on the nature and status of medical sociology is re-examined.

  1. The Effects of Predictability on Stress and Immune Function

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-06-24

    number of cups ______________ _ Chocolate , cocoa , wine, beer/alcohol, decaffeinated coffee. Breads containing raisins, prunes, orange peel, banana or...high in fat or 46 cholesterol content (e.g. eggs, butter, whole milk , bacon, etc.) the morning afthe session because of their potential effects on...sour cream, anchovies. Cheese, omelets, spanish omelets with aged cheese. Macaroni and cheese, spa;hetti with tomato sauce. Walnuts, chocolate or

  2. A Topological Model for Parallel Algorithm Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    New York, 1989. 108. J. Dugundji . Topology . Allen and Bacon, Rockleigh, NJ, 1966. 109. R. Duncan. A Survey of Parallel Computer Architectures. IEEE...Approved for public release; distribition unlimited 4N1f-e AFIT/DS/ENG/91-02 A TOPOLOGICAL MODEL FOR PARALLEL ALGORITHM DESIGN DISSERTATION Presented to...DC 20503. 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE 5. FUNDING NUMBERS A Topological Model For Parallel Algorithm Design 6. AUTHOR(S) Jeffrey A Simmers, Captain, USAF 7

  3. A Steganographic Embedding Undetectable by JPEG Compatibility Steganalysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    48. Springer, 1996. 2. R. Anderson. Security Engineering. Wiley, 2001. 3. J. Dugundji . Topology . Allyn and Bacon, 1976. 4. J. J. Eggers, R. Bauml...stored in JPEG format. The method described herein uses a novel, topological approach to embedding. The paper also outlines some extensions to the... topology . This, we believe, has larger implications. Often, one is called upon to perform steganalysis on the uncompressed, spa- tial realization (from, e.g

  4. The Effects of Railroads on the Emergence of Operational Art During the American Civil War, 1861-1865

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-23

    New York: Prometheus Books, 2008), 20; J.F.C. Fuller, War and Western Civilization, 1832-1932: A Study of War as a Political Instrument and the...including food, fuel, medicine , equipment, etc.) from rear areas to forward positions that supported military operations. Additionally, they are used for...Battlefield 1861-1863. Amherst: Prometheus Books, 2008. Reynolds, Paul Davidson. A Primer in Theory Construction. Boston: Allyn and Bacon Classics

  5. Three’s Company: The Efficacy of Third-Party Intervention in Support of Counterinsurgency

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-10-26

    Basics of Social Research: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. 2nd ed. (Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 2006), 270. 28 Test Set 2: Bivariate...that the sample 88 Neuman. Basics of Social Research: Qualitative and Quantitative...1 0 1 1 1 0 Cuba v. Movimiento (26 De Julio) 1958 LOSS 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 45 CONFLICT Onset OUTCOME SUCCESS DURAT LONG INTERV MIL

  6. GSM Network Employment on a Man-Portable UAS

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    Processing Unit DAC Digital-to-Analog DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DC Direct Current DHIII Desert Hawk III DID Direct...Lockheed-Martin, 2012). DHIII has a low audio signature, has been used by British Army forces and was well received by the U.S. Army at AEWE (Bacon...converters both analog-to-digital (ADC) and digital-to-analog ( DAC ) heavily influence the functionality of the SDR platform (Eged & Babjak, 2006

  7. The Effect of Designated Pollutants on Plant Species

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-01-01

    Tobacco Nicotiana tobacum L. Bell W-3 10 Zinnia Zinnia elegans Jacq. Cherry Gem 3 MODERATELY [50-100% injury at 50 mg m- 3 ] TOLERANT Aster...Ace 8 TOLERANT (50-100% injury at 75 mg m- 3 ] Avocado Persea americana Mill. Hass; Bacon 60 Coreopsis Coreopsis grandiflora Nutt. Sunburst 3 Salvia ... Salvia splendens Ker-Gawl Patens 3 Wallflower Cheirianthus allioni L. Golden bedder 4 Barley 2 Hordeum vulgare L. CM 67 4 VERY TOLERANT [50-100

  8. Mitigating Stress, Workload, and Fatigue on the Electronic Battlefield

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-28

    Manfred Broy. Alan Clements, Richard A. Kemmerer, Susan A. Mengel, james W. Moore, Christina M. Schober Term Expiring 2004: jean M. Bacon, Ricardo...who are governed. This same line of reasoning has been repeatedly articulated by the likes of John Locke, Jean Rousseau, and the authors of the...IEEE, 89, 1123–1134. Piaget , J. (1952). The origins of intelligence in children. New York: Longman. Plomin, R., & Crabbe, J. (2000). DNA. Psychological

  9. Efficiency Study of Implicit and Explicit Time Integration Operators for Finite Element Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-07-01

    8217 MOORE. LIBRARY LOS ANGELES. CA D)UKE UNIV MED)ICAL CE’NrTE*R B., Mtga, D~urham NC: l)URIIAM, NC (VESIC) FL’[ORII)A ATLANTIIC UNIVE-RSITYIBOCA RAT’ONI. F... BACON & DAVIS. INC. New York (Library) IFRANCE IDr. I)utertcre, Boulogne; P1. Jensen, Boulogne GEOTECI INICA L ENGI NE ERS INC. Winchester, MA

  10. An Investigation of the Marine Geochemistry of Gold

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-04-01

    support of the people who made it all possible. My interest in oceanographic research was kindled under the guidance and encouragement of Mike Bacon during...during the R/V Atlantis II-DSRV Alvin Escanaba Trough Expedition 118/35. This station, situated in the California current, is about 180 nautical...Pacific Rise during the R/V Atlantis -DSRV Alvin Guavamas Expedition 112-29 in August, 1985. Sampling was conducted with DSRV Alvin, whose mechanical arm

  11. UTOPIA AND NEW ATLANTIS, UTOPIA REVISED

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    This paper is a comparison between two works usuallyascribed to the utopian genre: Thomas More’s Utopia, and Francis Bacon’sNew Atlantis. My major claim is that the two differ mainly in this respect: ifMore’s work is utopian, Bacon’s New Atlantis is only disguised under theclothing of utopian thought. Although Bacon has clearly an ideal ofeducation in mind, through a number of features he completely departsfrom utopian educational programs.

  12. Performance Monitoring System: Summary of Lock Statistics for October-December 1984.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-05-01

    R EIE EIE DISTRICT NMVE DIVISO WE HEIRS WRlD E4 NOR MTLKNI ATLANTI 10/K4 11/K4 12/H4 ALL TMlES Ell RSED IM OMITE LOC IPROCEII 1TME : DELAYED DELAY...LOCK 0600/0110/12,0 2-DENOPOLIS LOCK A DAN 0600/0110/120 3-WARRIOR LOCK A DAN 0600/0110/12#0 4-IILLIAN BACON OLIVER LK A DN 0460/0095/12°0 5-HOLT

  13. UTOPIA AND NEW ATLANTIS, UTOPIA REVISED

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra DRAGOMIR

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a comparison between two works usuallyascribed to the utopian genre: Thomas More’s Utopia, and Francis Bacon’sNew Atlantis. My major claim is that the two differ mainly in this respect: ifMore’s work is utopian, Bacon’s New Atlantis is only disguised under theclothing of utopian thought. Although Bacon has clearly an ideal ofeducation in mind, through a number of features he completely departsfrom utopian educational programs.

  14. The Basic Level of Feeding: A Comparison of Military and Comparable Civilian Food Utilization

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-08-01

    Lettuce, fresh 9 Bacon, sliced, frozen 16 Cheese, cottage 47 Cookies , vanilla wafer Flour, wheat, bread 6 Beef, tenderloin, frozen Sugar...granulated 8 Peas and Carrots , fro; an Onions, dry 32 Coffee, roasted 31 Orange, fresh 19 Ham, cooked, froz; smoked boneless 44 10 1 3 4 5 8 9...instant 5 Beef patties 16 7 Milk, skim 9 Soup, frozen 10 Beef tenderloin, frozen 44 1 1 Cookies , vanilla wafers 2 Beef, diced, frozen 17 4 Pork

  15. Size Matters: How Big Should a Military Design Team Be?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-21

    Think about a bacon-and-egg breakfast: the pig is very committed, the chicken is involved, and the cow provides milk that enhances the meal.” The...the team or an individual is always equally productive. However, the measurable cognitive parameters are similar for individuals and team.50...solution.”102 Another study, one of three person and six person groups, shows that discussion quality was better in the three-person groups concerning

  16. 7 CFR 1000.52 - Adjusted Class I differentials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... differential adjusted for location AUTAUGA AL 01001 3.30 BALDWIN AL 01003 3.50 BARBOUR AL 01005 3.45 BIBB AL....45 BACON GA 13005 3.45 BAKER GA 13007 3.45 BALDWIN GA 13009 3.10 BANKS GA 13011 3.10 BARROW GA 13013... ST. CHARLES LA 22089 3.60 ST. HELENA LA 22091 3.50 ST. JAMES LA 22093 3.60 ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST...

  17. 7 CFR 1007.51 - Class I differential, adjustments to Class I prices, and Class I price.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... adjustments: State Country/parish FIPS Class I price adjustment AL AUTAUGA 01001 0.50 AL BALDWIN 01003 0.50 AL... BACON 13005 1.15 GA BAKER 13007 0.85 GA BALDWIN 13009 0.70 GA BANKS 13011 0.70 GA BARROW 13013 0.70 GA... LA SAINT HELENA 22091 0.30 LA SAINT JAMES 22093 0.20 LA SAINT JOHN THE BAPTIST 22095 0.20 LA...

  18. Support of U.S. Army Special Forces in Expeditionary Warfare

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-22

    A Primer in Theory Construction (Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon, 1971),46. 6 Ibid. 7 Aristotle, Niconulchean Ethics , in Classics of...War College, ed. Williamson Murray (Carlisle, PA: Publications and Production Office, July ZOO I ),83, htlp:l!w\\\\lW.strategicstudiesinstitute.army...This is the mission of SF logistics units. 46 BIBLIOGRAPHY Aristotle. Nicomachean Ethics . In Classics of Political and Moral Philosophy, ed

  19. 忘带钥匙的狗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高安柱

    2009-01-01

    @@ A large dog walks into a butcher's shop with a wallet in its mouth.He puts the wallet down and sits in front of the meat case."What is it,boy?"the butcher asks,joking around with his customem."Want to buy some meat? " Woof!."barks the dog. "Hmm,"says the butcher."What kind?Liver,bacon,steak…"

  20. Differences between Lipids Extracted from Five Species Are Not Sufficient To Explain Biomagnification of Nonpolar Organic Chemicals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jahnke, Annika; Holmbäck, Jan; Andersson, Rina Argelia

    2015-01-01

    headspace from spiked olive oil to determine their sorptive capacities. Lipids from seal blubber and pork bacon solely composed of triglycerides had capacities similar to that of olive oil; lipids from mussels, herring, and guillemot egg had quantifiable fractions of phospholipids and cholesterol and showed...... capacities reduced by factors of up to 2.3-fold. Generally, the sorptive capacities of the lipids were not elevated relative to the olive oil controls and are unlikely to explain a substantial part of biomagnification....

  1. Single Parents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    FOR some parents the responsibility of bringing up a child is a one person task. Shouldering parental duties of two, single parents not only raise the child, but bring home the bacon as well. This is life for many people—either because of the death of a spouse, divorce, living apart from a spouse, pregnancy without marriage, or abandonment—the parent and child

  2. Evaluación mineralógica semi-cuantitativa de las cortezas de meteorización no niquelíferas en la región nororiental de Cuba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerardo Orozco-Melgar

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio presenta una evaluación mineralógica semi-cuantitativa de las cortezas de meteorización no niquelíferas en las áreas de Baconal, El Culebro, Caimanes y Farallones en la región nororiental de Cuba. El objetivo principal del presente trabajo es determinar las principales fases minerales, su distribución, concentración y grado de transformación de los minerales en los perfiles de meteorización. Las muestras, 16 en total, se analizaron mediante Difracción de Rayos X; los resultados se procesaron con los programas ANALYZE y AUTOQUAN. El grado de transformación de los minerales en relación con la distribución, concentración de las fases y el avance de la meteorización se determinó por el Índice Mineralógico de Alteración. Las principales fases minerales presentes en Baconal y El Culebro son caolinita (50-75%, caolinita- montmorillonita (50-75%,cuarzo (25-50%, plagioclasas, principalmente albita (25-50% y hematita (<10%. En Caimanes y Farallones las fases principales son caolinita hematita, cuarzo, feldespatos potásicos, principalmente ortoclasa, todos en más de un 50-75%. También están presentes la halloysita (<10% y montmorillonita (<10%. Se evidencia una transformación mineral extrema en los horizontes intermedios y superiores en Baconal, El Culebro y Caimanes (Índice Mineralógico de Alteración con valores entre 29 y 98%. Esta transformación también se observa en el perfil completo de Farallones (98-99%. Se concluye que las cortezas de meteorización en Baconal, El Culebro, Caimanes y Farallones son principalmente arcillas caoliníticas.

  3. Francis Bacon’s Qualification As A Principal Empiricist Philosopher

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to determine if there is any basis for regarding FrancisBacon as a principal empiricist philosopher. This involves effort to determine whatconstitutes, in essence, the qualities of a principal empiricist philosopher. Are thereany criteria that qualify one as a principal empiricist philosopher? Proceeding with thisinquiry, our paper examines, on the one hand, the views of those who argue in defenceof Bacon’s qualification as a principal empiricist philosopher. Here...

  4. 具象绘画如何进入前卫经典?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵亦杨

    2011-01-01

    二○○八年五月,当西方经济开始出现低迷时,英国艺术家弗朗西斯.培根(Francis Bacon,1909-1992)的《三联画》(Triptych,1976)在纽约的索斯比拍卖会上创下了八千六百二十万美金的记录;在其

  5. 高中综合语言技能训练(SEFC Book 1B)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛文山

    2004-01-01

    @@ Unit 15 The necklace Ⅰ.Speaking Task 1 What is meant by the following saying? Money is a good servant and a bad master. --by Francis Bacon Task 2 What if you were one of them? 1.Read the following passage and then give a title. 2.Suppose you were one of the characters in the passage,would you do the same? Why?

  6. 具象绘画如何进入前卫经典?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵亦杨

    2011-01-01

    二○○八年五月,当西方经济开始出现低迷时,英国艺术家弗朗西斯.培根(Francis Bacon,1909-1992)的《三联画》(Triptych,1976)在纽约的索斯比拍卖会上创下了八千六百二十万美金的记录;

  7. Domestic Security Cooperation: A Unified Approach to Homeland Security and Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-17

    Principles in the Space and Information Age (New York: Frank Cass-Taylor & Francis , 2005), 36. 38 Andrew Krepinevich and Robert O. Work, A New US Global...Principles in the Space and Information Age. New York: Frank Cass-Taylor & Francis , 2005. Jeffreys-Jones, Rhodri. The FBI: A History. New Haven, CT... Bacon , 1971. Swain, Richard M. Lucky War: Third Army in Desert Storm. Washington, DC: U.S. Army Center of Military History, 1997. Turabian, Kate L. A

  8. Army Sustainment Capabilities in FOrced Entry Operations: The Impact of Private Contracting on Army Sustainment’s Capabilities to Sustain Forces in Forced Entry Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-08

    century-defense/ (accessed March 17, 2012), 2. 2Lance M. Bacon , “Army to Lose another 5 BCTs,” Army Times, 5 March 2012. 3 This study relies on...Logistics and Distribution (New York: Taylor and Francis , 2001), 253. 15 sustainment system for the user in a garrison environment. However, this concept...and Distribution. New York: Taylor and Francis , 2001. Walker, Martin. The Iraq War. Dulles VA: Brassy’s Inc., 2004. 71 Wang, Mark D. Accelerated

  9. 向往与心境——尹朝阳的自我叙事

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王嘉骥

    2011-01-01

    誉享遐迩的英国已故画家弗朗西斯·培根(Francis Bacon,1909-1992)曾在一九六二年的访谈当中,坦承自己所受毕加索(Pablo Picasso,1881-1973)的影响。他明确指出,毕加索提供了一整片几乎还没有被探索的处女

  10. 向往与心境——尹朝阳的自我叙事

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王嘉骥

    2011-01-01

    誉享遐迩的英国已故画家弗朗西斯·培根(Francis Bacon,1909-1992)曾在一九六二年的访谈当中,坦承自己所受毕加索(Pablo Picasso,1881-1973)的影响。他明确指出,

  11. On the figures of speech in Of Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛慧青

    2015-01-01

    Of Study is a masterpiece of Francis Bacon, which is worth reading from generation to generation.In a sense, figures of speech make the work worthwhile to read.Figures of speech pervade and embellish the world of language, making language more colorful, forceful, and explicit.Of Study exemplifies it.The thesis appreciates the great work in the perspective of figures of speech to cultivate a wider appreciation of the rhetoric art.

  12. DELEUZE Y EL PENSAMIENTO DE LA SENSACIÓN.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Etchegaray

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo indaga sobre un problema singular de la estética de Gilles Deleuze: el del objeto de la pintura. La cuestión se desarrolla siguiendo la presentación que el autor hace en su Lógica de la sensación, tomando los ejemplos de la obra del pintor británico Francis Bacon.

  13. 简述培根的实用观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王元晓

    2008-01-01

    @@ 弗兰西斯·培根(Francis Bacon, 1561-1626)--英国著名的唯物主义哲学家和科学家.马克思称他是"英国唯物主义和整个现代实验科学的真正始祖."第一个提出"知识就是力量"的人.

  14. 再说"软力量"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高希均

    2006-01-01

    @@ (一)"软力量"的提出 英国在中世纪出现了现位伟大的哲人培根(Francis Bacon,1561-1626).在今天盛行的知识经济讨论中,大家都记得他的一句名言:"Knowledge is power",常译为"知识是权力"或"知识即力量".

  15. “知识就是力量”的最早发明权该归谁——一个伟大哲学命题的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁第锐

    2001-01-01

    一自中世纪以来,尽人皆知,"知识就是力量"这个命题的发明权,属于英国启蒙学者弗兰西斯·培根(Francis Bacon 1561—1626),而不知道这一伟大哲学命题的最早发明权,其实应该属于我国春秋时

  16. Subjective experience of the creative process

    OpenAIRE

    Kocjan, Maja

    2012-01-01

    The subject matter of this bachelor's thesis is the creative process. In the first section I present some theoretical knowledge about creativity and the creative process found in literature. The theme of the second section of my thesis is the subjective experience of the creative process. The source of information for this part are the testimonies of artists, in particular of the two world renowned painters – Vincent van Gogh and Francis Bacon. Their statements reveal how far the creative pr...

  17. The 1972 Westover Air Force Base Food Preference Survey and Reliability Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-02-01

    Hot Rolls and Buns Canned Figs Fresh Apples Cheese Soup Bacon Frijole Salad Toast Rutabagas Turnips Oranges Mulligatawney Soup Ice Cream...Q>C»® Sauce ® CD CD ® ® ® ɛ> CD CD 186. Frijole Salad ®®®®®C33®ɚ)® 138. Apple Crisp ®®®®®®®CD® 187. Devil’s Food Cake ;®®®®®®a>®® 139. Grapes

  18. How We Think: Thinking Critically and Creatively and How Military Professionals Can Do it Better

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-16

    1 Benjamin Samuel Bloom , Taxonomy of Educational Objectives : The Classification of Educational Goals, (New York: Longmans, Green, 1956), 6...Revision of Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives , abridged edition, 2 ed. (Allyn & Bacon, 200079). 4 Dr. Jack Kem, Design: Tools of the Trade (Fort...the cognitive objectives in general education , many have successfully extrapolated their meaning to all mental activities of thinking in general

  19. 17例中、低位直肠癌保肛手术的临床报告%Seventeen the clinical bulletion of anus operation is defended to slower order reetal cancer in the instance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方向阳; 余强; 陈智文; 王明杰

    2004-01-01

    目的了解低位直肠癌行改良 Bacon'式结肠拉出切除保肛手术的并发症及术后患者生活质量.方法应用改良 Bacon'式结肠拉出切除术治疗中,低位直肠癌 17例,随访观察术后并发症,排便次数,便意及排便控制能力.结果全组病例无手术期死亡,随访 6月~ 5年,无吻合口瘘,术后 6月~ 1年,患者排便次数为每日 1~ 2次或每 1~ 2 d 1次,易控制,便意感强.结论改良 Bacon'式结肠拉出切除为直肠癌保留肛门括约肌手术的一种方式.具有操作简单,无吻合口漏的危险,手术安全性高且不增加病人经济负担,值得在基层医院临床工作中推广应用.

  20. 湖南湘西腊肉品质调查与分析研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗青雯; 周辉; 刘成国; 娄爱华; 钟茹

    2015-01-01

    为了调查腌腊肉制品的卫生状况,对湘西地区农家、小作坊和工厂生产的腊肉进行感官评价,以及水分含量、盐分含量、亚硝酸盐残留、苯并芘残留及挥发性风味物质的检验。结果表明,所检测的42份样品中,亚硝酸盐残留量检出范围为0.68~12.21 mg/kg,均未超出国家限量标准(亚硝酸盐残留量≤30 mg/kg);苯并芘残留量检出范围为0.84~8.89μg/kg,苯并芘含量合格率为92.86%,感官评价结果优良。%To investigate the quality and hygiene of smoke-cured bacons,the bacon samples are collected from peasant household,small workshops,and bacon factory. The samples are analyzed the sensory scores,water content,salt content, nitrite residue and benzopyrene residue. The results indicate that in all 42 tested samples,nitrite residue is in the range of 0.68~12.21 mg/kg,which doesn't exceed the GB(nitrite residue≤30 mg/kg),the benzopyrene residue is in the range of 0.84~8.89μg/kg,the qualified rate is 92.86%,the senior grade of freshness is highly acceptable.

  1. 复杂型直肠阴道瘘15例治疗经验%Treatment of complex rectovaginal fistula: an analysis of 15 cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张士虎; 黄平; 程青

    2016-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the efficacy and clinical value of modified Bacon operation for repairing complex rectovaginal fistula.Methods 15 patients underwent modified Bacon operation for their complex rectovaginal fistula from February 2008 to June 2015 at the First Hospital Mfiliated to Nanjing Medical University,with 5 cases having open surgery and 10 cases laparoscopically.Results All operations were successful,all 15 cases were cured with good anal function and no relapse after follow-up for 6 months to 7 years.Conclusion The modified Bacon operation is safe,effective and feasible for complex rectovaginal fistula.%目的 评价改良Bacon术治疗复杂型直肠阴道瘘的疗效,探讨该术式治疗复杂型直肠阴道瘘的可行性.方法 2008年2月至2015年6月南京医科大学第一附属医院对15例复杂型直肠阴道瘘采用改良Bacon术手术治疗,其中经开腹途径5例,完全腹腔镜下途径10例.结果 15例复杂型直肠阴道瘘均一次手术治愈,随访6个月至7年,15例均无直肠阴道瘘复发,排便功能良好.结论 对于复杂型直肠阴道瘘,采用改良Bacon术是安全、有效、可行的.

  2. Microbiological hazard analysis of ready-to-eat meats processed at a food plant in Trinidad, West Indies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stacey-Marie Syne

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: A bacteriological assessment of the environment and food products at different stages of processing was conducted during the manufacture of ready-to-eat (RTE chicken franks, chicken bologna and bacon at a large meat processing plant in Trinidad, West Indies. Methods: Samples of air, surfaces (swabs, raw materials, and in-process and finished food products were collected during two separate visits for each product type and subjected to qualitative or quantitative analysis for bacterial zoonotic pathogens and fecal indicator organisms. Results: Staphylococcus aureus was the most common pathogen detected in pre-cooked products (mean counts = 0.66, 1.98, and 1.95 log10CFU/g for franks, bologna, and bacon, respectively. This pathogen was also found in unacceptable levels in 4 (16.7% of 24 post-cooked samples. Fifty percent (10 of 20 of pre-cooked mixtures of bacon and bologna were contaminated with Listeria spp., including four with L. monocytogenes. Pre-cooked mixtures of franks and bologna also contained E. coli (35 and 0.72 log10 CFU/g, respectively while 5 (12.5% of 40 pre-cooked mixtures of chicken franks had Salmonella spp. Aerobic bacteria exceeded acceptable international standards in 46 (82.1% of 56 pre-cooked and 6 (16.7% of 36 post-cooked samples. Both pre-and post-cooking air and surfaces had relatively high levels of aerobic bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus and coliforms, including equipment and gloves of employees. A drastic decrease in aerobic counts and Staphylococcus aureus levels following heat treatment and subsequent increase in counts of these bacteria are suggestive of post-cooking contamination. Conclusion: A relatively high level of risk exists for microbial contamination of RTE meats at the food plant investigated and there is a need for enhancing the quality assurance programs to ensure the safety of consumers of products manufactured at this plant.

  3. Los kibutz de israel: análisis de una sociedad cooperativista

    OpenAIRE

    Ardila y Ardila, Rubén

    2012-01-01

    Durante toda su historia el hombre ha tratado de construir una sociedad perfecta. Las utopías de filósofos y pensadores se extienden desde Platón hasta Bacon y Tomas Moro; en nuestro siglo encontramos inteligentes críticas, como son los análisis de Aldous Huxley y George Orwell.Esa sociedad perfecta debe necesariamente buscar la felicidad de todos sus miembros, y no de unos pocos. Debe tener un carácter cooperativista, de ayuda mutua, de hermandad. Es precise también que ayude a realizar las ...

  4. The Effective Use of U.S. Coast Guard Security Zones in Countering Unlawful Transnational Protests at Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    8217 Los Ojos De Don Quijote 0 Sancho Panza?" Harvard Law Review 114, no 3, January 2001; 902. 14 "History of Cuban Immigration to the United States...Congressional Research Service, August 23,2006. "The Cuban Adjustment Act of 1966: Mirando Por Los Ojos De Don Quijote a Sancho Panza?" Harvard Law...17,2008). 8 United States Code, Chapter 50, Section 191. 9 Don Bacon, "It’s Not Exactly a National Emergency," LewRockwell.com, June 5, 2008. http

  5. Econometric Model for Optimizing Troop Dining Facility Operations. User’s and Programmer’s Reference Manual,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-12-01

    NPCIP: F -i SCRAMBLED EGGS KIND t EN? RECIPE : L-2 :OVEN FRIED BACON ,KIND t EN? RECIPE : L-6B-: ,BAKED SAUSAGE LINKS :KIND x EN? RECIPE : Q-.6Z ,COTTAGE...BUTTER GRASKN VREC PE v -1 : DDE F IE EGGS :ID MRECIPE: F-11-2 :CHEESE OMELETTE 91D ENT RECIPE : F-13 * SCRAMBLED EGGS ::IND ENT RECIPE : L-2 ,OVEN FRIED...vFRENCH TOAST ,KIND : ENT R CIPE: CE-Z-3 *HOT ROLLED OTIS KIND t EN? RECIPE : F- - RIDDLE FRIED EGGS :KIND S EN? PE~lPE: 11- ,CHEESE OMELETTE ,KIND

  6. Econometric Model for Optimizing Troop Dining Facility Operations (The Army Master Menu Study).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-11-01

    SCrAMBLED EGGS ,KIND : ENT RECIPE : L-3 *GPTLLED RACON *KIND : ENT RECIPE : L-t5-3 ,GRILLED HAM SLICES ,KIND : ENT RECIPE : Q-47 ,Ho, FRIED POIATOLS ,KIND... RECIPE : F-I? , SCRAMBLED EGGS ,KIND : ENT RECIPE : L-1 ,GFILLED BACON tKIND : ENT RECIPE : L-31 :CQPJ GROUND BLEF ::IND : CNI RECIPE : x-i1 ,PANCAKES IMIK...FRIED FGGS ,KIND : ENT RECIPE : F-11-2 :CHEESE OMELETTE ,KIND : ENT PECIPE: F-13 9SCRAMBLED EGGS KIND : ENT RECIPE : L-2

  7. Composition and Characteristics of Particles in the Ocean: Evidence for Present Day Resuspension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-11-01

    cruise ATLANTIS 11-94) and in the western North Atlantic along the continental rise (cruises DALLAS, KNORR-58, and OCEANUS-6) with the following...unpublished manuscript). Bishop, J.K.B., J.M. Edmond, D.R. Ketten, M.P. Bacon and W.B. Silker (1977). The chemistry, biology, and vertical flux of...Johnson, D.A. and A.N. Shor (1977). Initial cruise report ATLANTIS 11-94, Leg I. W.H.O.I. Technical Report #77-70 (unpublished manuscript). Johnson

  8. Performance Monitoring System: Summary of Lock Statistics for January-April 1986.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-04-01

    LOCK - SLKAR/TOMBIGUEE It " DEMOPOLIS LOCK AND DAN - BLKWAR/TWUIGSEE RI W ARRIOR LO._ AND DAM - ILKWAR/TOMIGIIE RI W ILLIM BACON OLIVER LK AID DAN...34 ." ’ . .- .-. * ,v ’ - ,, . v ." ,r." W,"W, ,.",,W ","",,f" ’act P AmI SIWISAI g ? 1 L IoI TOI [SMtIM ATLANTI ( DIvI$ION • uilL’ "oll VtVI L1SUL VISf

  9. Atlantic Oceanography. Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-08-01

    Laboratory Investigations. G&G-81 00. 3 TEXT Hollister Part II - HEBBLE Cruise on (con’t) Atlantis II to Scotian Rise (G&G-99) Groman Data Processing and...its cycloidal propulsion. - R/V ATLANTIS II - A 210-foot Institution owned vessel built in 1963 for multi-dis- ciplinary research. Carries 25...of Sargassum. J. exp. mar. biol. ecol., 28(3):255-267. 1977. 3834 CHARLES R. DENHAM, R.F. ANDERSON and MICHAEL P. BACON . Paleomagnetism and

  10. historical review of pig testing programs in Denmark

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Henning; STAUN

    2005-01-01

    Until1887pig breeding in Denmark wasbased upon the export to Germany of heavy pigs,weighing from120to150kg.To satisfy thismarket the old native Danish Landrace breed wascrossed with Middle White and Berkshire boarsimported from England in order to produce stillfatter pigs.In1887the importation of Danishpigs became prohibited by Germany and ourfarmers had to change over to the production ofbacon for the English market.This change over was not an easy one.Forthe production of bacon,a completely differenttype ...

  11. The Art of Community Building the New Age of Participation

    CERN Document Server

    Bacon, Jono

    2009-01-01

    Online communities offer a wide range of opportunities today, whether you're supporting a cause, marketing a product or service, or developing open source software. The Art of Community will help you develop the broad range of talents you need to recruit members to your community, motivate and manage them, and help them become active participants. Author Jono Bacon offers a collection of experiences and observations from his decade-long involvement in building and managing communities, including his current position as manager for Ubuntu, arguably the largest community in open source softwa

  12. RESEARCH UPDATES

    OpenAIRE

    Anonymous

    1988-01-01

    The Importance of Product/Consumer Attributes In Consumer Buying Decisions, by S.M. Fletcher, T.T. Fu, A.V.A. Resurreccion; Supermarket Produce Demand and Shelf Space Effects, by John J. VanSickle, German Molina; Package Size Preference for Meat and Poultry Products As Related to Demographic Characteristics, by Tami J. Gundry, J. Richard Bacon, U.C. Toensmeyer, R. Dean Shippy; Merrimack College to Offer Certificate Program In Food Retail Management, by James J. Corbett; Changes During Freezin...

  13. 78 FR 15602 - Annual Update to Fee Schedule for the Use of Government Lands by Hydropower Licensees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-12

    ... County Fee/acre/Yr Alabama Autauga $53.06 Baldwin 89.12 Barbour 48.00 Bibb 61.16 Blount 87.24 Bullock 55... 83.18 Washington 82.12 Georgia Appling 69.84 Atkinson 73.43 Bacon 70.10 Baker 66.20 Baldwin 62.82.... Helena 79.93 St. James 68.22 St. John the Baptist.. 75.65 St. Landry 51.62 St. Martin 63.23 St. Mary...

  14. Prevalences of welfare-related lesions at post-mortem meat-inspection in Danish sows.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cleveland-Nielsen, A; Christensen, G; Ersbøll, A K

    2004-07-16

    We investigated the prevalences and intercorrelations of all daily meat-inspection recordings at four Danish sow abattoirs in the year 2000 from 23,794 sows coming from 207 sow or farrow-to-finisher herds. The meat-inspection data were obtained from databases at the Danish Bacon and Meat Council (DBMC). Prevalences generally were low--but large herd-to-herd variations were seen. Despite low prevalences, many slaughtered sows had recordings which raise welfare concerns. Intercorrelations between the meat-inspection recordings were evaluated using exploratory factor analysis describing underlying latent factors related to health and welfare problems within herds.

  15. Consideraciones acerca de la eutanasia

    OpenAIRE

    J. Federico Campos Calderón; Carlos Sánchez Escobar; Omaira Jaramillo Lezcano

    2001-01-01

    Eutanasia: del griego "eu: bueno y thanathos: muerte", vocablo acuñado por el inglés Francis Bacon en el siglo XVII al estudiar el tratamiento de las enfermedades incurables. Se hace un análisis amplio desde el punto de vista dogmático y del Derecho comparado, enfatizándose en detalle la legislación de Costa Rica, Panamá y El Salvador y se definen claramente los roles del Estado como constitucional del Derecho de la Vida y la Muerte, del rol médico en la eutanasia y de los derechos del pacien...

  16. 该吃早餐了!

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    <正>It’s time for breakfast! You’d better hurry! You’d better hurry, or you’ll be late! It’s time for breakfast! You’d better hurry! You’d better hurry! Don’t be late! Cereal and milk and bacon or ham and eggs! Are you hungry? Yes, I am! Are you hungry? Yes, I am! It’s time for breakfast! We’d better hurry! We’d better hurry, or we’ll be late!

  17. 低位直肠癌保肛手术临床分析%Clinical analysis of ano-saving surgery in low rectal carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董高宏; 韩方海; 张肇达

    2002-01-01

    目的探讨低位直肠癌保肛手术的适应证、术式选择和疗效.方法根据肛门指诊、直肠腔内超声、CT的检查结果,1993年8月~1994年12月在161例直肠癌中94例实施各种保肛手术.比较分析各种术式的手术合并症、排便功能、5年生存率和局部复发率.结果低位直肠癌保肛率为58.4%.其中,低位吻合6例,超低位吻合48例,Park′s手术25例,Bacon 手术15例.保肛手术死亡率为2.1%(2例),吻合口瘘为3.2%(3例),1年内吻合口狭窄13.8%(13例).术后排便功能优良率:低位吻合100%,超低位吻合97.9%,Park′s 88.0%,Bacon 手术53.3%.5年生存率和局部复发率:低位吻合为83.3%和0;超低位吻合为79.2%和4.2%;Park′s手术为64.0%和12.0%;Bacon 手术为66.7%和13.3%.结论超低位结肠-直肠吻合是低位直肠癌保肛手术的主要术式.吻合口瘘与术式选择无关.5年生存率、排便功能在低位吻合、超低位吻合、Park′s 手术无差异,低位、超低位结肠-直肠吻合术明显优于Miles手术,也明显优于Bacon手术.局部复发率比Miles手术低.Park和Bacon 手术5年生存率和局部复发率和Miles手术无差异.

  18. Wotan’s Workshop: Military Experiments before World War II

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-27

    higher-ups in the Corps (perhaps having interservice politics in view) agreed. Ellis met his mysterious end in 1923, but the Navy and Marine Corps...only working fictions . As Francis Bacon, often cited as the inventor of the “scientific method,” said, “Truth arises more readily from error than from...York: Dellacorte, 1968. Zimmerman, Gene T. “More Fiction than Fact—The Sinking of the Ostfries- land.” Warship International 12, no. 2 (1975): 142–54

  19. Union job fight boiling at DOE cleanup sites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Setzer, S.W.

    1993-11-15

    The US DOE is facing a growing jurisdictional dispute over which unions will perform the majority of clean-up work at its facilities. Unions affiliated with the AFL-CIO Metal Trades Council representing operations employees at the sites believe they have a fundamental right to work. Unions in the AFL-CIO's Building and Construction Trades Dept. insist that they have a clear mandate under federal labor law and the Davis-Bacon Act. The issue has heated up in recent weeks at the policy level and is boiling in a contentious dispute at DOE's Fernald site in Ohio.

  20. 英语教学中关于英国历史部分教学方法之探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何金

    2012-01-01

    英国文艺复兴时期的伟大的文学代表人物,弗兰西斯.培根(Francis Bacon,1561-1626)曾经这样说过:"读史使人明智。"(Histories make men wise)可见历史的重要性。而且,历史部分也是英国概况中最重要最难学的部分,本文针对此部分的教学进行了分析。

  1. Writing-A Torture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李; 菲

    2000-01-01

    Hey, "writing", are you kidding? Such an abstract, high-sounding, and completely academic title! Who do you think I am, Francis Bacon or William Shakespeare? If I really could elaborate on such a topic easily and clearly, why should I pay so much to sit here and study? I'd have gone and taught at Beijing University or Harvard University (if they accepted me). But, I believe that blue-eyed, big-nosed, blond American writing teacher must have his own reason for hurling such a topic upon me, so I'll try my bes...

  2. A Comparative Study of Of Studies and Wang Zuoliang’s Translated Version

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈健飞

    2014-01-01

    Of Studies is an important one in The Essays of Francis Bacon, of which words are concise and refining, reasoning is profound and logic. Wang Zuoliang’s translated version is so efficient and smooth with classical Chinese style that it perfectly re⁃veals the original text, turning out to be the best version among all the translation of Of Studies. This thesis compares Of Studies and Wang Zuoliang’s translated version to analyze their linguistic feature in terms of diction, sentence and figures of speech.

  3. Studying about the word Zhi on the bamboo slips in Zhanguo-Qin Dynasty%纸的起源新证:试论战国秦简中的纸字

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱存训

    2002-01-01

      现在一般人都公认纸是中国古代四大发明之一,对人类文明产生了一定的影响.实际上,自从16世纪以来,西方学者如英国哲学家佛兰西斯·培根(Francis Bacon,1561-1626)只列举印刷术、火药及指南针三大发明,纸并不在其中.……

  4. Intellectual property, commercial needs and humanitarian benefits: must there be a conflict?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krattiger, Anatole

    2010-11-30

    'By far the best proof is experience,' wrote Francis Bacon. Given the experience of countries - both developing and developed - that have used intellectual property (IP), IP protection and IP management to stimulate innovation, there is ample proof that good IP management has benefited multitudes of people around the world with new technologies, products and services. Innovations in health and agriculture have greatly enriched lives. But does this experience apply to all countries? If the best proof is experience, then what can be said authoritatively about the effects of using IP systems wisely in developing countries?

  5. Historia de la robótica: de Arquitas de Tarento al robot da Vinci (Parte II)

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    HISTORY OF ROBOTICS: FROM ARCHYTAS OF TARENTUM UNTIL DA VINCI ROBOT. (PART II) Robotic surgery is a reality. In order to to understand how new robots work is interesting to know the history of ancient (see part i) and modern robotics. The desire to design automatic machines imitating humans continued for more than 4000 years. Archytas of Tarentum (at around 400 a.C.), Heron of Alexandria, Hsieh-Fec, Al-Jazari, Bacon, Turriano, Leonardo da Vinci, Vaucanson o von Kempelen were robot inventors. ...

  6. Consideraciones acerca de la eutanasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Federico Campos Calderón

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available Eutanasia: del griego "eu: bueno y thanathos: muerte", vocablo acuñado por el inglés Francis Bacon en el siglo XVII al estudiar el tratamiento de las enfermedades incurables. Se hace un análisis amplio desde el punto de vista dogmático y del Derecho comparado, enfatizándose en detalle la legislación de Costa Rica, Panamá y El Salvador y se definen claramente los roles del Estado como constitucional del Derecho de la Vida y la Muerte, del rol médico en la eutanasia y de los derechos del paciente.Euthanasia from the arcele "eu: good; thanathos: death". A word adopted by the English Sir Francis Bacon in the Fith Century as he studied the treatment of incuraba diseases. This essay analites this topic from the dogmatic point of view and from compared law, especially in the regulations of Costa Rica, El Salvador and Panama. The roll of the state is clearly defined as constitutive of the right of life and the right of death and the roll of the doctor in the euthanasia and the patient`s rights.

  7. Improved inference of gene regulatory networks through integrated Bayesian clustering and dynamic modeling of time-course expression data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godsey, Brian

    2013-01-01

    Inferring gene regulatory networks from expression data is difficult, but it is common and often useful. Most network problems are under-determined--there are more parameters than data points--and therefore data or parameter set reduction is often necessary. Correlation between variables in the model also contributes to confound network coefficient inference. In this paper, we present an algorithm that uses integrated, probabilistic clustering to ease the problems of under-determination and correlated variables within a fully Bayesian framework. Specifically, ours is a dynamic Bayesian network with integrated Gaussian mixture clustering, which we fit using variational Bayesian methods. We show, using public, simulated time-course data sets from the DREAM4 Challenge, that our algorithm outperforms non-clustering methods in many cases (7 out of 25) with fewer samples, rarely underperforming (1 out of 25), and often selects a non-clustering model if it better describes the data. Source code (GNU Octave) for BAyesian Clustering Over Networks (BACON) and sample data are available at: http://code.google.com/p/bacon-for-genetic-networks.

  8. Microsatellite markers in avocado (Persea americana Mill.): genealogical relationships among cultivated avocado genotypes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashworth, V E T M; Clegg, M T

    2003-01-01

    Twenty-five microsatellite markers uniquely differentiated 35 avocado cultivars and two wild relatives. Average heterozygosity was high (60.7%), ranging from 32% in P. steyermarkii to 84% in Fuerte and Bacon. In a subset of 15 cultivars, heterozygosity averaged 63.5% for microsatellites, compared to 41.8% for restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). A neighbor-joining tree, according to average shared allele distances, consisted of three clusters likely corresponding to the botanical races of avocado and intermediate clusters uniting genotypes of presumably racially hybrid origin. Several results were at odds with existing botanical assignments that are sometimes rendered difficult by incomplete pedigree information, the complexity of the hybrid status (multiple backcrossing), or both. For example, cv. Harvest clustered with the Guatemalan race cultivars, yet it is derived from the Guatemalan x Mexican hybrid cv. Gwen. Persea schiedeana grouped with cv. Bacon. The rootstock G875 emerged as the most divergent genotype in our data set. Considerable diversity was found particularly among accessions from Guatemala, including G810 (West Indian race), G6 (Mexican race), G755A (hybrid Guatemalan x P. schiedeana), and G875 (probably not P. americana). Low bootstrap support, even upon exclusion of (known) hybrid genotypes from the data matrix, suggests the existence of ancient hybridization or that the botanical races originated more recently than previously thought.

  9. Composición esterólica de la fracción insaponificable del aceite de aguacate de distintas variedades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martínez Nieto, L.

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available The study of the sterolic composition of the unsaponifiable fraction of oil obtained from several varieties of avocados (Bacon, Fuerte, Hass, and Reed there is not any difference among several areas, sizes and pick up dates for the same variety, but there are differences that depend on the analysed variety, therefore it is possible to concluir that an itemized analysis of the sterolic composition of the oil may be an avocado variety indicator.

    El estudio de la composición esterólica de la fracción insaponificable de aceite obtenido de distintas variedades de aguacates (Bacon, Fuerte, Hass y Reed pone de manifiesto que no existen diferencias para una misma variedad incluso para distintas zonas, calibres y fechas de corte, pero si existen diferencias que dependen de la variedad analizada, pudiéndose concluir que un análisis detallado de la composición esterólica puede ser indicativo de la variedad de aguacate de que procede un aceite.

  10. Processing, physicochemical, and sensory analyses of ostrich meat hamburger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Lúcia Ferreira de Souza

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to assess the potential utilization of ostrich meat trimming in hamburger preparation, as well as its physicochemical and sensory characterization. Using ostrich meat trimmings from the legs and neck, four different formulations were prepared with varied amounts of bacon and textured soybean protein. Physical analysis of yield, shrinkage percentage, and water retention capacity and chemical analysis of proximate composition, cholesterol levels, and calories were performed. The formulations underwent sensory analysis by 52 potential ostrich meat consumers, who evaluated tenderness, juiciness, flavor, and purchase intent. The formulations containing textured soybean protein showed the highest yield, lowest shrinkage percentage, and highest water retention capacity. Lipid content varied from 0.58 to 4.99%; protein from 17.08 to 21.37%; ash from 3.00 to 3.62%; moisture from 73.87 to 76.27%; cholesterol from 22.54 to 32.11 mg.100 g-1; and calorie from 87.22 to 163.42 kcal.100 g-1. All formulations showed low cholesterol and calorie levels, even that containing 10% bacon and 3.5% textured soybean protein, which achieved the best scores and acceptance by the panelists.

  11. Proteus rebound: reconsidering the "torture of nature".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pesic, Peter

    2008-06-01

    Though Carolyn Merchant has agreed that Francis Bacon did not advocate the "torture of nature," she still maintains that "the very essence of the experimental method arose out of human torture transferred onto nature." Her arguments do not address serious problems of logic, context, and contrary evidence. Her particular insistence on the influence of the torture of witches ignores Bacon's skepticism about witchcraft as superstitious or imaginary. Nor do the writings of his successors sustain her claim that they carried forward his supposed program to abuse nature. We should be wary of metaphorical generalizations that ignore the context of the metaphor, the larger intent of the writers, and the fundamental limitations of such metaphors as descriptions of science. There are no scientific methods which alone lead to knowledge! We have to tackle things experimentally, now angry with them and now kind, and be successively just, passionate, and cold with them. One person addresses things as a policeman, a second as a father confessor, a third as an inquisitive wanderer. Something can be wrung from them now with sympathy, now with force; reverence for their secrets will take one person forwards, indiscretion and roguishness in revealing their secrets will do the same for another. We investigators are, like all conquerors, discoverers, seafarers, adventurers, of an audacious morality and must reconcile ourselves to being considered on the whole evil.

  12. Digital Geologic Map of Mount Mazama and Crater Lake Caldera, Oregon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bacon, C. R.; Ramsey, D. W.

    2002-12-01

    Crater Lake caldera formed ~7700 cal yr B.P. by the eruption of 50 km3 of mainly rhyodacitic magma and the resulting collapse of Mount Mazama. A new 1:24,000-scale digital geologic map compiled in ArcInfo depicts the geology of this volcanic center, peripheral volcanoes, the caldera walls and floor, and superjacent pyroclastic, talus, and glacial deposits. The geology of the caldera walls was mapped in the field on photographs taken from the lake (see accompanying abstract and poster, "Geologic panoramas of the walls of Crater Lake caldera,Oregon"); the geology of the flanks of Mount Mazama and the surrounding area was mapped on aerial photographs; and features of the caldera floor were mapped on a multibeam echo-sounding bathymetric map (Gardner et al., 2001; Bacon et al., 2002). Volcanic map units are defined on the basis of chemical composition and petrographic characteristics. Map unit colors were chosen to indicate the compositions of volcanic rocks, cooler colors for mafic units and warmer colors for silicic units. Map unit color intensity indicates age, with more intense coloring for younger units. Ages of many units have been determined by K-Ar and 40Ar/39Ar dating by M.A. Lanphere. Several undated units have been correlated using paleomagnetic secular variation measurements by D.E. Champion. Crystallization facies of some of the larger lava flows are mapped separately (e.g., vitrophyre, felsite, carapace), as are breccia and lava facies of submerged postcaldera volcanoes. Also shown on the caldera floor are landslide (debris avalanche) and sediment gravity-flow deposits. A major north-south normal fault system traverses the map area west of the caldera and displaces dated late Pleistocene lava flows, allowing determination of a long-term slip rate of ~0.3 mm/yr (Bacon et al., 1999). Faults bounding large downdropped blocks of the south caldera wall are also shown. Where practical, lava flow margins are represented as intra-unit contacts. A number of small

  13. Phänomenologie des Raumes bei Descartes und Husserl

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Granz, Holger

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available In this text, spatiality will be discussed from a philosophical point of view, in examining the positions of Descartes and Husserl. On the one hand, the philosophy of Descartes marks the beginning of the modern era. Next to Francis Bacon, he is the one to pave the way for the upcoming sciences, especially physics, by an analytical geometry that roots in his philosophy. On the other hand, Husserl shall be examined,a quite different approach to spatiality than the one employed by Descartes. Because Husserl’s phenomenology centers upon the analysis of experience,intending that the objects themselves shall “tell” us what they are. Both approaches became influential for attempts to comprehend spatiality, since other conceptions to follow are referring to them.

  14. The Art of Memory and the Growth of the Scientific Method

    CERN Document Server

    Sarma, Gopal

    2013-01-01

    I argue that European schools of thought on memory and memorization were critical in enabling the growth of the scientific method. After giving a historical overview of the development of the memory arts from ancient Greece through 17th century Europe, I describe how the Baconian viewpoint on the scientific method was fundamentally part of a culture and a broader dialogue that conceived of memorization as a foundational methodology for structuring knowledge and for developing symbolic means for representing scientific concepts. The principal figures of this intense and rapidly evolving intellectual milieu included some of the leading thinkers traditionally associated with the scientific revolution; among others, Francis Bacon, Renes Descartes, and Gottfried Leibniz. I close by examining the acceleration of mathematical thought in light of the art of memory and its role in 17th century philosophy, and in particular, Leibniz' project to develop a universal calculus.

  15. Le corps chinois

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Pour le xviiie siècle, le corps est encore une machine harmonique. Cette harmonie, c’est tout à la fois la marque divine à l’intérieur du corps, une loi de nature qui permet d’atteindre au bonheur, et une manière de définir l’état de santé. Le corps semble un appareillage soumis à des lois physiques : l’horloge, la fontaine et particulièrement l’instrument de musique. On trouve cette dernière image dans Bacon, en 1639, pour qui la Nature donne des tempéraments pour le corps, « comme la parfai...

  16. DYSTOPIAN FURCATIONS IN MODERN LITERATURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    KUBILAY AKMAN

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Modern literature of the 20th century had provided several “dystopian furcations” in the history of Western literature, represented most typically by G. Orwell, A. Huxley, Y. Zamiatin and R. R. Bradbury. What were the motivating factors behind these lines of dystopia? In this paper, we are going to discuss the phenomenon of dystopia in modern literature, based on the critical heritage of modern social theory and philosophy. Where does appear the differences between utopia and dystopia? Are the fictional worlds of More, Campanella and Bacon entirely different from the dark illustrations imagined by Orwell, Bradbury, Zamiatin and Huxley? Is there something common inside the imaginary “mechanisms” of utopian and dystopian fictions? These are the core questions we will discuss around this paper

  17. Discovering Natural Laws by Reduction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴轶华

    1989-01-01

    A polynomial algorithm.called Reduction,is presented to discover natural laws by analysing a set of experimental data.instead of a heuristic exploration which,when adopted in BACON,can only lead to rediscovering simple laws.A complex law with multiple variables involved can be discovered by reducing it to a search.This search is so efficient that it does not need any backtracking and is able to cover most of possible laws.A reduction-based discovery system,called DISCOVER 2.0,was developed with a flexible knowledge base and an ability of dealing with imperfect data.The system has been verified to be valid computationally,practically,and theoretically,by discovering a great number o complex laws,and can be also viewed as a leaming engine embodied in any intelligent systems to improve their performance by obtaining a general rule from the accumulated data.

  18. 幼儿好习惯的培养%Cultivate Children’s Good Habits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建霞

    2014-01-01

    The British philosopher Bacon once said,“habits are a strong force,can dominate the whole of one’s life”. Children are the future of a country. Developments of a child start with his family. Improve them at school. Families and schools can cultivate excellent children together. The following is the author and share some culture views children good habits.%英国哲学家培根说:“习惯是一种顽强的力量,可以主宰人的一生。”孩子是国家的未来,孩子习惯的培养要从家庭教育开始,在学校教育中得到提高,家校结合培养出优秀的孩子。

  19. BIOÉTICA SEGÚN LA TEORÍA DE CIBERNÉTICA SOCIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. De Grégori

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo describe y cuestiona el paradigma positivista y monádico de Bacon-Descartes y Adam Smith-Darwin que sirve de base para las iniciativas reglamentadoras de los bioeticistas que despliegan un cuidado preciosista con la vida individual, hasta con el mínimo gen, mientras son casi indiferentes cuando el mismo paradigma, en lo colectivo y en lo global, es decididamente matón y elitista. Además se cuestionan las "humanidades" fragmentadas como interlocutor válido. Como alternativa al paradigma monádico, se plantea un paradigma triúno o tri-unitario con referenciales como el Global Game Show para ubicar las diferentes temáticas de una Bioética Global.

  20. 抽象绘画的时间与空间

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄文睿

    2012-01-01

    <正>刚刚结束的伦敦佳士得"2012战后及当代艺术夜场",让2011年整体气氛比较低靡的欧美现当代艺术拍卖多少振奋了一下。培根(Francis Bacon)1963年作Portrait of HenriettaMoraes(165×142厘米),以2132万英镑成交,合人民币2.11亿元。弗洛伊德(Lucian Freud)的一件小油画SmallFigure,尺寸仅为22.5×33厘米,估价150-200万英镑,

  1. John Gregory (1724-1773) and his lectures on the duties and qualifications of a physician establishing modern medical ethics on the base of the moral philosophy and the theory of science of the empiric British Enlightenment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strätling, M

    1997-01-01

    In 1769/70 the Scottish physician and philosopher John Gregory (1724-1773) published Lectures On the Duties and Qualifications of a Physician. Gregory developed a truely ethical - in the sense of (moral) philosophically based - system of conduct in a physician. His concept of practising and teaching ethics in medicine and science is established on a very broad footing: combining Bacon's (1561-1626) general philosophy of nature and science with both, the general, likewise empirically based moral philosophy of his personal friend David Hume (1711-1776), and with the principles upheld by the so-called Common-Sense Philosophy. His Lectures had - particularly via the famous Code of Medical Ethics of Thomas Percival (1740-1804) - a decisive influence on our contemporary concepts of ethics in medicine and science. John Gregory is, without doubt, one of the most important and certainly the most comprehensive among the founders of what is known today as modern Bioethics.

  2. Building the knowledge base for environmental action and sustainability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2015-01-01

    “Knowledge is power” (Sir Francis Bacon (1561 – 1626), Religious Meditations, Of Heresis, 1597) “Science is organised knowledge. Wisdom is organised life” (Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804)) The 29th International Conference on Informatics for Environmental Protection and the third International......) and its Special Interest group Environmental Informatics, Informatics for Environmental Protection, Sustainability and Risk Management, which has a longstanding tradition of discussing fundamental aspects in the field of Environmental Informatics.   ICT4S is a series of research conferences bringing......, and interpret environmental information and support the discourse of environmental issues. Over the years, EnviroInfo has gathered communities from European countries and aims to foster scientific progress by bringing together research and practice. ICT for sustainability is about utilising the transformational...

  3. [Measure in Arabic and Middle Age medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angeletti, L R

    1995-01-01

    During the XIVth century to the qualitative knowledge is superimposed the concept of the importance of a quantitative evaluation of natural phenomena. The Arabic works on science, first translated in Latin by Adelard of Bath, and the recovery of classical culture into Western Europe are discussed by Grosseteste, R. Bacon and Ockham with a separation of religious truth from the scientific findings; Jean Buridan (Paris) applied this meaning to physics and Simone di Castello (Bologna) considered the necessity of the measure of elements, qualities and humours to explain and correct health and disease. So, the logica nova was acquired also by medicine, as demonstrated by the works of Anthony Ricart and by the direct quantitation made by Santorio Santorio (early XVIIth c.), who constructed appropriate instruments for measurement of medical parameters.

  4. 当知识化为权力——论鲁迅小说中的"知识型"话语

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱崇科

    2008-01-01

    @@ 从培根(Francis Bacon,1561-1626)的"知识就是力量"[1],到福柯(Michel Foucault 1926-1984)意义上的"知识就是权力"(英文没有变化,Knowledge is power),或许变化的不只是中文字眼,意义的窄缩,而更多是一种思维范式的变迁:知识如何从一个貌似透明或积极的推动力角色摇身一变为中性词汇,里面密布了新颖而又复杂的文化逻辑[2],无疑耐人寻味.

  5. For Distinguishing Conjugate Hidden Subgroups, the Pretty Good Measurement is as Good as it Gets

    CERN Document Server

    Moore, Cristopher; Moore, Cristopher; Russell, Alexander

    2005-01-01

    Recently Bacon, Childs and van Dam showed that the ``pretty good measurement'' (PGM) is optimal for the Hidden Subgroup Problem on the dihedral group D_n in the case where the hidden subgroup is chosen uniformly from the n involutions. We show that, for any group and any subgroup H, the PGM is the optimal one-register experiment in the case where the hidden subgroup is a uniformly random conjugate of H. We go on to show that when H forms a Gel'fand pair with its parent group, the PGM is the optimal measurement for any number of registers. In both cases we bound the probability that the optimal measurement succeeds. This generalizes the case of the dihedral group, and includes a number of other examples of interest.

  6. La reforma baconiana del saber y la teología

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Bautista Ferro

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available El autor muestra en el artículo que la reforma baconiana del saber no puede ser enteramente comprendida y justamente valorada si es que no se repara en el fuerte cariz religioso, de raigambre calvinista, de esta empresa. Desde este punto de vista, el saber no es un puro empeño teórico, sino la herramienta mediante la cual el hombre podrá recuperar su condición original de señor de la naturaleza. Este saber, sin embargo, no puede estar desprovisto de caridad: debe poder mejorar la triste condición humana. Esto último situaría, paradójicamente, a Bacon, el llamado padre de la Revolución Industrial, entre aquellos que repudiarían nuestro actual mundo tecnificado, puesto que el saber debe desterrar la soberbia humana y fundarse en la obediencia a la voluntad de Dios.

  7. Mapeamento de locos de características quantitativas no cromossomo 6, associados às características de carcaça e de órgãos internos de suínos Mapping of quantitative trait loci for carcass traits and internal organs in swine chromosome 6

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aldrin Vieira Pires

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de mapear locos de características quantitativas (QTLs associados às características de carcaça e de órgão internos, uma população composta de 550 animais F2 foi produzida a partir do intercruzamento da geração F1, obtida pelo cruzamento divergente de dois machos da raça nativa brasileira Piau com 18 fêmeas comerciais. Os animais foram genotipados para 13 marcadores microssatélites distribuídos no cromossomo 6. As características avaliadas foram: comprimento de carcaça pelos métodos brasileiro e americano, peso e rendimento de carcaça, espessura de toucinho na região da copa, espessura de toucinho imediatamente após a última costela, espessura de toucinho entre a última e a penúltima vértebra lombar, menor espessura de toucinho na região acima da última vértebra lombar, espessura de toucinho imediatamente após a última costela, a 6,5 cm da linha dorso-lombar, espessura de toucinho média (geral = estimada a partir da média de todas as espessuras de toucinho citadas anteriormente; e dorso-lombar = estimada a partir das espessuras de toucinho tomadas na linha dorso-lombar do animal, espessura de bacon, profundidade de lombo, área de olho-de-lombo, pesos de órgãos internos (coração, pulmões, fígado, baço e rim e comprimento de intestino. Utilizou-se o método de regressão por intervalo de mapeamento por meio do programa QTL Express. Foram encontrados QTLs sugestivos para as características de comprimento de carcaça pelo método brasileiro e espessura de bacon e QTL significativo para peso do rim. Nos intervalos dos picos da estatística F em que se encontraram QTLs sugestivos, devem ser incluídos mais marcadores para se confirmar a real presença de QTL.A total of the 550 F2 animals produced by divergent cross using two sires of the native Brazilian breed named Piau and 18 commercial dams were genotyped for 13 microsatellite markers in swine chromosome 6. The traits evaluated were: carcass

  8. Music and the emergence of experimental science in early modern Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Penelope Gouk

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The seventeenth century witnessed major advances in physics and experimental science. This paper argues that while the role of new visual technologies (e.g. the microscope has been well studied, less attention has been paid to acoustic technologies in early modern natural philosophy. In particular, I attend to the relationship between making music, a specific form of organised sound mediated through instruments, and the production of new scientific knowledge. On the one hand, this relationship developed in the context of acoustics, a new discipline first mapped out by Francis Bacon. On the other hand, music’s relationship to natural philosophy was also more fundamental, since harmony was understood as an organising principle of the universe, the laws of musical strings providing a model for other forms of vibrative motion. I also show the importance of musical training for Galileo’s experiments and the significance of harmony for Isaac Newton and Robert Hooke.

  9. Complexes Tickling the $ubject

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew Gildersleeve

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This article continues my earlier work of reading Jung with Lacan. This article will develop Zizek’s work on Lacan’s concept of objet petit a by relating it to a phenomenological interpretation of Jung. I use a number of different examples, including Zizek’s interpretation of Francis Bacon, Edvard Munch, Hans Holbein and Johann Gottlieb Fichte, to describe the objet petit a and its relationship to a phenomenological interpretation of complexes. By integrating other Lacanian concepts, such as subject, drive, fantasy, jouissance, gaze, desire, and ego as well as the imaginary, symbolic and Real, this work also highlights how Hegel and Heidegger can elucidate the relationship between objet petit a and complexes. Jung’s transcendent function and the Rosarium Philosophorum also elucidate the relationship between Jung and Lacan.

  10. PPCCT-2000. Perspectiva Histórica de la Bioquímica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martín Municio, Ángel

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Una de las parcelas de la sabiduría se ha atribuido tradicionalmente a la historia y, en la presentación del estado general del saber, se refería Bacon al valor de la historia de esta manera: «Una historia correcta del saber, donde se contengan las antigüedades y orígenes de los conocimientos; sus invenciones, sus tradiciones, sus florecimientos, decadencias y olvidos, con las causas y ocasiones de los mismos, y todos los demás sucesos relacionados con el saber, a lo largo de las edades del mundo, puedo afirmar con certeza que no existe».…

  11. Improved Error Thresholds for Measurement-Free Error Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crow, Daniel; Joynt, Robert; Saffman, M.

    2016-09-01

    Motivated by limitations and capabilities of neutral atom qubits, we examine whether measurement-free error correction can produce practical error thresholds. We show that this can be achieved by extracting redundant syndrome information, giving our procedure extra fault tolerance and eliminating the need for ancilla verification. The procedure is particularly favorable when multiqubit gates are available for the correction step. Simulations of the bit-flip, Bacon-Shor, and Steane codes indicate that coherent error correction can produce threshold error rates that are on the order of 10-3 to 10-4—comparable with or better than measurement-based values, and much better than previous results for other coherent error correction schemes. This indicates that coherent error correction is worthy of serious consideration for achieving protected logical qubits.

  12. 《吉尔伽美什》:永生主题与生命意识

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阿运锋; 王倩

    2012-01-01

    厄·托平斯伯爵在为布尔芬奇(Thomas Bulfinch)的著作《神话时代——神祗和英雄的故事》作序时说:"伟大的神话故事是直观的。"①神话故事具有直观性,它所表达的思想感情很容易为读者所感知,但这主要是就神话故事的线索或情节而言的。培根(Francis Bacon)在《古人的智慧》中详

  13. 化学史课程改革初探--案例教学法:科学素养教育的切入点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    饶志明; 何锦红

    2005-01-01

    @@ 1科学史教育的现状与问题 1.1西方、美国的科学史教育 英国近代实验科学的始祖弗·培根(Francis Bacon)曾经说过:"学习历史可以使人明智".在西方最早提倡科学史教育可追溯到19世纪中叶.当时的英国科学促进协会(BASS)主席在1851年的一次演讲中呼吁:"我们要教给年轻人的,与其说是科学结论不如说是科学方法,更不如说是科学史".

  14. 对王佐良先生“Of Studies”译文之评价与赏析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张莉

    2012-01-01

    一、"Of Studies"原文简介英国著名哲学家Francis Bacon(弗朗西斯·培根)一生创作了不少光辉的著作,其最负盛名的Essays(《随笔集》)堪称英语古典散文的典范之作。"Of Studies"是《随笔集》中颇具分量的一篇,被公认为是培根的经典之作。"Of Studies"是关于读书为学、求知探理的名篇,字字珠玑,隽永深刻,文采飞扬,闪烁着哲理的光辉,

  15. The Art of Memory and the Growth of the Scientific Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gopal P. Sarma

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available I argue that European schools of thought on memory and memorization were critical in enabling growth of the scientific method. After giving a historical overview of the development of the memory arts from ancient Greece through 17th century Europe, I describe how the Baconian viewpoint on the scientific method was fundamentally part of a culture and a broader dialogue that conceived of memorization as a foundational methodology for structuring knowledge and for developing symbolic means for representing scientific concepts. The principal figures of this intense and rapidly evolving intellectual milieu included some of the leading thinkers traditionally associated with the scientific revolution; among others, Francis Bacon, Renes Descartes, and Gottfried Leibniz. I close by examining the acceleration of mathematical thought in light of the art of memory and its role in 17th century philosophy, and in particular, Leibniz’s project to develop a universal calculus.

  16. Knowledge Management – the Key Resource in the Knowledge Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domingo NEVADO PEÑA

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The influence of global information and communication technology changes and globalization have transformed our society by favoring the economy and innovation as key driver of global competition. Creation and exploitation of knowledge has become key resource in the new economy. All advanced economies are technologically knowledgebased economy. Many of today's managers and their employees, still guided by the definition given by Francis Bacon (1597 “Knowledge is power” instead of “sharing and managing knowledge is power”. Knowing taken alone may not bring value if not shared before and then managed in an efficient manner. This article seeks to demonstrate what knowledge, what the knowledge management is and what are its main implications in the new economy, a knowledge-based economy.

  17. 知识管理视野下的高校隐性知识管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闻曙明; 施琴芬

    2006-01-01

      英国哲学家培根早就指出,知识就是力量(Francis Bacon,1620).而管理大师彼得.德鲁克认为,知识只有透过有目的、有系统、有组织的学习,知识才会变成力量(Peter Drucker,1966).由此,我们引出了"知识管理"的概念.最早提出知识管理概念的是"世界知识管理之父"斯威比(Karl-Erik Sveiby)博士.最早知识管理的概念主要是应用于企业.目前对知识管理尚无统一的定义.……

  18. [The function of analogies in natural sciences, also in contrast to metaphors and models].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hentschel, Klaus

    2010-01-01

    This introduction surveys the various functions of analogies in science, medicine and technology. The focus is on their heuristic importance. The productiveness of analogies is linked to the systematic depth and breadth of the established connections. Various examples are presented from different periods in the history of science, most notably Galileo; such late-Victorian Maxwellians as George Francis FitzGerald and Oliver Lodge; and Heinrich HERTZ and Niels BOHR. These examples are examined in terms of the specific differing temporal ranges of their claimed validities. They serve as evidence or counterevidence for various systematic analyses of analogies as put forward by various philosophers of science, most notably Francis Bacon, John Stuart Mill, Ernst Mach, Harald Høffding, Ernest Nagel, Mary Hesse and Peter Achinstein. The analytic framework for analogies supported here is what the cognitive scientist Dedre Gentner has termed structure-mapping.

  19. Różewicz about himself as someone else

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryszard Kazimierz Przybylski

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available It seems that Tadeusz Różewicz’s poem titled Francis Bacon or Diego Velazquez in a Dentist’s Chair is dedicated to the works of the author of Studies of Crucifixion. In fact, Różewicz writes about the impression that Bacon’s art left on him when he saw it in galleries and museums. This poem is also about fascination. Contrary to what may seem intuitive, it is not an attempt to describe the poet’s own way of interpreting these works; and even if so, this is only true to a limited extent. For Różewicz, Bacon’s works were just a pretext to look at himself, especially at his own early poems, from a distance – from a somewhat ironic distance. In this way the poet is able to present himself as “the other”, thus referring to the title of Paul Ricoeur’s book.

  20. MACARIA AND THE PURITAN ETHICS OF DIRECT PARTICIPATION IN THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE WORLD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oana MATEI

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores a particular way in which theBaconian reformation of knowledge can be seen as providing conditions ofpossibility for the emergence of Puritan ethics in the mid-seventeenthcenturyEngland. Macaria, along with other works belonging to the Puritanliterature, shares the concern for moral and cognitive reformation of thehuman being, as well as the desire to continue some of the unfinishedprojects and writings of Francis Bacon, developing a specific type of ethics,the Puritan ethics of direct participation in the transformation of the world.I will show that the Puritan ethics developed in Macaria is a response to theBaconian “quest for knowledge” and a continuation of Bacon’sprovidentialist views on the history of humankind.

  1. 诗意的敞亮——培根美德思想探幽

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏慧

    2012-01-01

    英国哲学家弗兰西斯·培根(Francis Bacon,1561—1626),虽未留下专门系统的道德教育方面的著作,但是他的所有著述都涉及或包含着关于人的发展和道德教育的思考,其中《论说文集》和《学术的进展》两部著作比较集中地阐述了他的"美德"思想。在此力求通过其文本,解读这些闪烁着培根深邃美德思想和人生智慧的诗性言说。

  2. 课改,要让知识更有力量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑振勤

    2009-01-01

    @@ "Knowledge itself is power!"(知识就是力量)这个耳熟能详的著名论断,是英国哲学家培根(Francis Bacon)的至理名言.虽经400年斗转星移,它依然闪耀着真理的光芒.在人类社会步入知识经济时代的当今,以知识为基础的现代科学技术已成为第一生产力,是最重要的生产要素、最强劲的社会发展推动力,也是解决人类社会面临的人口膨胀、资源匮乏、能源枯竭、环境恶化等诸多危机,实现可持续发展最灵妙的利器.

  3. 知识就是力量吗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡玉明

    2004-01-01

    早在300多年前,英国哲学家弗兰西斯·培根(Francis Bacon)就说过一句至今仍家喻户晓的至理名言:“知识就是力量”。在我国,自从20世纪80年代初期以来,培根的这句至理名言曾激励和影响了无数人奋发向上,如饥似渴地学习知识。今天,我们许多教育工作者依然用这句至理名言激励广大青少年努力学习。一时间,知识分子成了知识的化身。

  4. Knowledge Management – The Importance of Learning Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CRACIUN Bucur-Matei

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available „Knowledge is power”. Sir Francis Bacon, Religious Meditations, Of Heresies, 1597 - English author, courtier, & philosopher (1561 - 1626Knowledge Management is a current topic in the market, which have been treated during the last years from different consideration perspectives. This ongoing subject has fascinated me ever since I had the opportunity to read a paragraph of Hendry Minzberg, in respect of this topic. Knowledge management is a main part of the today's economy. It reflects the expressive representation to the demand of the knowledge society, within the scope of the globalization and the continuous learning. Organizational learning and learning organization are two concepts often confused. If knowledge processes, knowledge contained change occurs through the process of learning. By learning we understand, in this context, an increase of possibilities of action of various sources of personal knowledge.

  5. The Nursing Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Hammond

    1978-09-01

    Full Text Available The essence of the nursing process can be summed up in this quotation by Sir Francis Bacon: “Human knowledge and human powers meet in one; for where the cause is not known the effect cannot be produced.” Arriving at a concise, accurate definition of the nursing process was, for me, an impossible task. It is altogether too vast and too personal a topic to contract down into a niftylooking, we-pay-lip-service-to-it cliché. So what I propose to do is to present my understanding of the nursing process throughout this essay, and then to leave the reader with some overall, general impression of what it all entails.

  6. Knowledge Representation from Classification Schema to Semantic Web (I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia-Adriana Tomescu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this essay we aim to investigate knowledge as approach of describing possible worlds through classification schema, taxonomies, ontologies and semantic web. We focus on the historical background and the methods of culture and civilization representation. In this regard, we studied the ancient concern to classify knowledge, from the biblical period when the Tree Metaphor concentrated the essence of knowledge, to the Francis Bacon classification and then Paul Otlet and we analysed the languages used in the scientific fields and then in the information science filed, emphasizing on the improvements of the ICT: hypertext and semantic web. We paid a special attention to the knowledge construction through math language and exchange standards. The reason of the approach comes from the logic and philosophic base of the knowledge representation that underline the idea that only properly structured scientific domains ensure the progress of the society.

  7. 《哈利·波特》作品中的人性认知解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈辛欣

    2014-01-01

    <正>在英国长期的文化历史过程中,出现过大量杰出的知名文学家和文学作品,像乔叟(Geoffrey Chaucer,1340—1400)、莎士比亚(William Shakespeare,1564—1616)、培根(Francis Bacon,1561—1626)等,这些作家和他们的作品以其独特的视角以及曲折而丰富的人性解读而受到了大家的喜爱。作为英国知名的女作家,J·K·罗琳以孩子的视角和审美观点出发,

  8. The body of the soul. Lucretian echoes in the Renaissance theories on the psychic substance and its organic repartition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tutrone, Fabio

    2014-01-01

    In the 16th and 17th centuries, when Aristotelianism still was the leading current of natural philosophy and atomistic theories began to arise, Lucretius' De Rerum Natura stood out as an attractive and dangerous model. The present paper reassesses several relevant aspects of Lucretius' materialistic psychology by focusing on the problem of the soul's repartition through the limbs discussed in Book 3. A very successful Lucretian image serves as flu rouge throughout this survey: the description of a snake chopped up, with its pieces moving on the ground (Lucretius DRN 1969, 3.657-669). The paper's first section sets the poet's theory against the background of ancient psychology, pointing out its often neglected assimilation of Aristotelian elements. The second section highlights the influence of De Rerum Natura and its physiology of the soul on Bernardino Telesio, Agostino Doni and Francis Bacon, since all of these authors engage in an original recombination of mechanical and teleological explanations.

  9. Les origines de la notion de politique scientifique en Europe. Introduction générale

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    Robert Halleux

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available La notion de politique scientifique est délibérément anachronique. Elle se résume dans la formule « pour la science et par la science ». L’État soutient et planifie la recherche scientifique, mais il la met au service de ses grands desseins. Depuis l’époque d’Archimède et d’Hiéron, science et pouvoir interfèrent, mais leurs interactions prennent des formes diverses selon les périodes et les contextes. En introduction au débat, on esquissera une typologie internationale des modes de gestion de la science aux xvie et xviie siècles et on dégagera les sources d’inspiration particulièrement dans l’œuvre politique de Francis Bacon.

  10. 曹明伦教授汉译培根散文研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏荥

    2012-01-01

    一、引言弗兰西斯·培根(Francis Bacon)是英国文艺复兴时期杰出的哲学家和文学家。《培根随笔》(Es-says)是其文学方面的代表作,其58篇文章涉及到政治、经济、宗教、伦理、教育、爱情、友谊等诸多方面。"《培根随笔》与蒙田的《随笔集》、帕斯卡的《思想录》并称欧洲文学史上三大散文名著。"(冯钢,1999:35)

  11. Investigación en nutrición: de la clínica a la mejor evidencia científica

    OpenAIRE

    A. Miján de la Torre; de Mateo Silleras, Beatriz

    2011-01-01

    Producción Científica La investigación en Nutrición se asienta en elmétodo científico, iniciado por pensadores como Bacon, Descartes y Peirce, y existe consenso de la comunidad científica sobre la validez de sus reglas. Este método se basa en el concepto de hipótesis, y de que ésta ha de ser reproducible y comprobable. Pese a que el método científico es el más usado por la comunidad científica, también existe el denominado método científico anarquista tipo “Fishing Expedition” postulado...

  12. Beliefs about the satiating effect of bread with spread varying in macronutrient content.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Graaf, C; Stafleu, A; Staal, P; Wijne, M

    1992-04-01

    Beliefs about the satiating effect of foods varying in contents of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, and fibre were investigated by face-to-face interviews with a random telephone sample of 101 subjects. Respondents were presented with photographs of two slices of bread covered with common spreads. Fibre level was manipulated by using white bread or wholemeal bread. Levels of proteins, fats and carbohydrates were manipulated by using different kinds of spread. Low and high levels of proteins, fats and carbohydrates had similar energy contents. The results showed that protein-rich spreads (lean meat products) and high-fibre (wholemeal) bread were believed to have a strong satiating effect. The satiating effect of high-fat spreads (butter, bacon) was believed to be much smaller, whereas the sweet carbohydrate spreads (jam, honey) were believed to have no satiating effect.

  13. Practical knowledge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2006-01-01

    The chapter aims to develop conceptions of practical knowledge, relevant to skills and Bildung in engineering science. The starting point is Francis Bacon’s ideas of new science, developed 400 years ago. It is argued that Bacon’s vision has become dogmatized during the course of history, whereas...... his critical attitude has become superseded. A critical discussion on the heritage from Bacon leads to a focus on the concepts of truth, utility, and goodness. Unification of skills and Bildung, it is stated, should imply the ability to deal explicitly with these concepts and their interrelations....... Furthermore, and still with reference to truth, utility, and goodness, it is claimed that unification of skills and Bildung should include the ability to deal with complexity. A second-order complexity challenges the search for adequacy between; a) the complexity of knowledge-creation; and b) the complexity...

  14. The Duhem-Quine thesis and the dark matter problem

    CERN Document Server

    Reynolds, M A

    2015-01-01

    There are few opportunities in introductory physics for a genuine discussion of the philosophy of science, especially in cases where the physical principles are straightforward and the mathematics is simple. Terrestrial classical mechanics satisfies these requirements, but students new to physics usually carry too many incorrect or misleading preconceptions about the subject for it to be analyzed epistemologically. The problem of dark matter, and especially the physics of spiral galaxy velocity rotation curves, is a straightforward application of Newton's laws of motion and gravitation, and is just enough removed from everyday experience to be analyzed from a fresh perspective. It is proposed to teach students about important issues in the philosophy of physics, including Bacon's induction, Popper's falsifiability, and the Duhem-Quine thesis, all in light of the dark matter problem. These issues can be discussed in an advanced classical mechanics course, or, with limited simplification, at the end of a first ...

  15. Hot water can freeze faster than cold?!?

    CERN Document Server

    Jeng, M

    2005-01-01

    We review the Mpemba effect, where intially hot water freezes faster than initially cold water. While the effect appears impossible at first sight, it has been seen in numerous experiments, was reported on by Aristotle, Francis Bacon, and Descartes, and has been well-known as folklore around the world. It has a rich and fascinating history, which culminates in the dramatic story of the secondary school student, Erasto Mpemba, who reintroduced the effect to the twentieth century scientific community. The phenomenon, while simple to describe, is deceptively complex, and illustrates numerous important issues about the scientific method: the role of skepticism in scientific inquiry, the influence of theory on experiment and observation, the need for precision in the statement of a scientific hypothesis, and the nature of falsifiability. We survey proposed theoretical mechanisms for the Mpemba effect, and the results of modern experiments on the phenomenon. Studies of the observation that hot water pipes are more ...

  16. MODIFIED SCREEN-PRINTED CARBON ELECTRODES WITH TYROSINASE FOR DETERMINATION OF PHENOLIC COMPOUNDS IN SMOKED FOOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Dragancea

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available A screen-printed carbon electrode modified with tyrosinase (SPCE-Tyr/Paa/Glut has been developed for the determination of phenol concentration in real samples. The resulting SPCE-Tyr/Paa/Glut was prepared in a one-step procedure, and was then optimized as an amperometric biosensor operating at 0 mV versus Ag/AgCl for phenol determination in flow injection mode. Phenol detection was realized by electrochemical reduction of quinone produced by tyrosinase activity. The possibility of using the developed biosensor to determine phenol concentrations in various smoked products (bacon, ham, chicken and salmon was also evaluated. Gas chromatography (GC method was used for result validation obtained in flow injection mode using amperometric biosensor. The result showed good correlation with those obtained by flowinjection analysis (FIA.

  17. Slashsing the Invisible

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Westberg, Lysa Hannah Pernille Nielsen

    2017-01-01

    , the male body is under medication as well: lack of sexual attraction creates a problematic discourse where the body must be medicated or undergo therapy to fit in, or to be desired. The individual's right to express their orientation is erased as they do not fit into a sexualised discourse. (Bordo...... writings of women, searching for daring romance (Bacon-Smith, 1991), into being regarded as a valid discourse of criticism and debate about gender, sexuality and orientation, the variety of sexualities included in fanfiction grew as well. Awareness about asexuality informed fandom, And the number of fics...... which discuss equality, the right to the body, the right to decline sex, and idea that nature and desire take precedence over informed decisions, asexual fanfiction enter into this discussion with the normative as well. Again, it is the right to the body that is questioned, the asexual character...

  18. The Renaissance Conception Regarding Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Arnăutu

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The Renaissance creates a clear-cut distinction between mechanical arts, which will come to be considered applied science by Bacon and Descartes, and fine arts. Dealing with the Renaissance approach to technology, this paper will focus, on the one hand, on those domains that combine theoretical and practical skills in order to create artifacts or to transform materials, and, on the other hand, with authors who debate the status of technological practices and knowledge. Thus, we will look at the developments and arguments regarding mechanics, alchemy, natural magic, mining and metallurgy, and at authors such as Georgius Agricola, Paracelsus, Masilio Ficino, Nicholas of Cusa, Galileo Galilei. The aim is to reconstruct the arguments regarding technology that challenged the established Scholastic-Aristotelian framework and made possible the Modern approaches.

  19. The perspective and reflection of science and social relationship%科学与社会关系的观点及反思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宁

    2011-01-01

    Merton、Russell、Mumford、Bacon talked about science or scientific utilitarian or scientific development or factors which affected science,Merton cut into the problem from a sociological perspective,and start their own problems from the social impact of science Factor(Puritan view of the importance in Merton),and the scientific temperament to start their own problems.Russell and Mumford enter the theme of science and technology from the way of history.Bacon talks about science and technology from more philosophical perspective.They described the relationship between science,technology and society from crossed,similar or different problems,and basically affirmed the power of science and scientific utility.%默顿、罗素、芒福德、培根就科学的产生、科学的功利性、科学的发展、影响科学的因素等方面谈论各自的看法,默顿从社会学的视角切入问题,从社会对科学影响的因素(清教在默顿观点中的重要性)以及科学自身的气质展开问题。罗素和芒福德以史学的方式进入科学技术主题,培根更多的是以哲学的视角去谈论科学和技术。他们是从交错、相似或者不同的问题阐述科学技术和社会的关系,基本都肯定科学的力量,科学的功利性。

  20. Historical and social contexts for scientific writing and use of passive voice: Toward an undergraduate science literacy course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Dan Xiong

    The passive voice is a major stylistic feature of modern scientific discourse, but such a feature did not dominate scientific writing until the 1890s. It has its roots in the philosophical thoughts of experimental science of Francis Bacon and his followers such as Thomas Sprat and John Locke. In the early seventeenth century. Bacon called for a new science that emphasized collective knowledge of nature. Such a science was a cooperative and public enterprise in which scientists should work as a group to advance knowledge of nature. When science was moving gradually toward a public enterprise from the early seventeenth century, the passive voice gradually replaced the active voice in science writing as a dominant stylistic feature. The passive voice in scientific writing is thus historically and socially conditioned. Scientists take advantage of the linguistic functions of the passive voice to serve their rhetorical and pragmatic purposes such as presenting experiments as they are for others to reproduce and verify the results. It embodies two major conventions of scientific communities: (1) science is a public enterprise and (2) it is also a cooperative venture. Other conventions are related to these two: the collective authority of an scientific community is above the personal authority of any one individual scientist; science is not an infallible force, so any research result needs to be verified by a scientific community before it becomes knowledge; scientists use passive voice to approach their writing to make it appear as if it were objective; and science is a human profession. Therefore, we need to teach science students to use the passive voice, and more importantly, why and when to use it. We should emphasize writing practice to have students' see that they use passives rhetorically to present experimental processes, materials and methods.

  1. The Comparison of Propagation Model for Terrestrial Trunked Radio (TETRA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayu Kartika R

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A system of digital radio Terrestrial Trunked Radio (TETRA is designed for communication which need specialility, better privacy, better quality of audio with speed transmission data and access capacity to the internet and telephone network. TETRA system of TMO and DMO operation mode which has wide coverage and reliable than the interference so that the TETRA planning needs a propagation model which corresponding with environment. Therefore, this research compare a pathloss value of calculation of propagation model such as Free Space Loss, Wickson, Bacon, CEPT SE21, Ericsson (9999, ITU-R SM 2028 and Okumura Hata based on the environment are clutter urban, sub urban dan rural. The calculation of pathloss provide that Bacon propagation model is an corresponding model for DMO operation mode with a frequency of 380 MHz, height handhelds 1.5 m and 2 m with pathloss value of 76.82 dB at a distance of 100 m and 113.63 dB at a distance of 1 km while the 400 MHz frequency pathloss value of 77.08 dB at a distance of 100 m and 113.6 dB at a distance of 1 km. The propagation model which corresponding to the TMO operation mode with a frequency of 400 MHz distance of 1 km, the transmitter antenna height (hb 30 m and receiver antenna height (hm 1.5 m is a model of Ericsson (9999 on urban clutter with pathloss value of 96.4 dB, the model ITU-R SM2028 in suburban clutter with a pathloss value of 101.13 dB, and the model ITU-R SM2028 on rural clutter with pathloss value of 83.59 dB. Keywords: TETRA, propagation model, urban, suburban, rural

  2. Comparação de métodos para o tratamento das medidas antropométricas da POF 2008-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Vieira Martins de Matos

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available A Pesquisa de Orçamentos Familiares 2008-2009, feita por amostragem em nível nacional, coletou informações antropométricas de peso e estatura dos indivíduos no Brasil. Numa pesquisa desse porte, o processo de coleta produz dados que estão sujeitos a contaminações por erros de medição e de não resposta. Tais erros podem afetar os cálculos de indicadores de prevalência de desnutrição, sobrepeso ou obesidade e impactar de forma distinta em diferentes segmentos populacionais. No presente artigo, comparou-se o desempenho do método CIDAQ, que foi empregado na POF 2008-2009, para tratar os dados antropométricos, ao de outros dois métodos: os algoritmos de detecção de outliers TRC e Bacon, ambos associados ao algoritmo de imputação Poem. Essa comparação é fundamental para assegurar que o melhor método seja utilizado em pesquisas futuras, buscando assegurar a confiabilidade dos dados para os estudos que subsidiam o planejamento de políticas públicas nas áreas de saúde, nutrição, assistência social e outras. Os métodos foram comparados via simulação, considerando o impacto sobre as estimativas de média, desvio padrão e correlação entre peso e estatura. O método CIDAQ apresentou uma pequena vantagem sobre os demais nos resultados da simulação paramétrica, enquanto para simulação não paramétrica destacou-se o método Bacon.

  3. Cartório de Freud Freud's notary public's office

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oswaldo Dante Milton di Loreto

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available O abandono do atendimento psicológico é uma constante, e este fato constitui uma das mais preocupantes incógnitas do profissional psi. É exatamente desta "estranheza clínica" que Di Loreto trata neste artigo. Com a experiência profissional de algumas décadas e a argúcia que lhe é peculiar, o autor revisita alguns dos inúmeros e complexos atendimentos que realizou na área da psicoterapia infantil. E neste percurso nos oferece instigantes avaliações. Mais que isso: traz uma alento ao jovem profissional que se culpabiliza pelas desistências de seus clientes. Parafraseando Francis Bacon (1561-1626, é possível afirmar que com estas reflexões Di Loreto "abrevia as dores do parto".The discontinuance of the psychological attendance is a constant, and this fact constitutes one of the most preoccupying unpredictabilities of the professional that works in the psychological field. It is exactly about this "clinical strangeness" that Di Loreto deals with in this article. With the professional experience of some decades and the subtleness that is peculiar to him, the author revisits some of the countless and complex attendance he accomplished in the area of child psychotherapy. And along this journey he offers us instigating evaluations. More than that: he brings encouragement to the young professional that blames himself for the desistance of his patients. Paraphrasing Francis Bacon (1561-1626, it is possible to affirm that with these reflections Di Loret "abbreviates the pain of childbirth".

  4. 培根四种幻象说及其对心理学研究的意义%Francis Bacon’s Theory of Four Idols and Its Significance for Psychological Studies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王波

    2016-01-01

    Francis Bacon pointed out the existence of four idols,namely:Idols of the Tribe,Idols of the Cave,Idols of the Marketplace,and Idols of the Theater. They are the prejudices of the people who incline to ignorance and error,and are the major obstacles to the truth. We find that these four idols still have some influence on the studies of modern psychology. Bacon is called the real originator of modern experimental sciences as a whole. His theory of four idols still provides a useful analytical framework for the improvement of psychology which identifies itself as science.%弗朗西斯·培根指出了存在于人类之中的四种幻象,亦即种族幻象、洞穴幻象、市场幻象和剧场幻象。它们是人内心倾向于无知和谬误的偏见,是获得真知的重大障碍。我们发现这四种幻象在现代心理学研究中仍然存在一定影响。培根被称作整个现代实验科学的真正鼻祖,其四种幻象说作为一种有效的分析框架,为以科学自居的现代心理学改进研究中存在的问题和不足,提高其科学性提供了有益镜鉴。

  5. (Sem saber e (com poder nos estudos organizacionais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Henrique de Faria

    Full Text Available Bacon afirma que saber é poder. Tragtenberg contesta. Essa discussão, na contemporaneidade, faz-se mais importante do que se possa imaginar. Por isso, o objetivo central deste artigo é verificar as relações entre saber e poder, na atualidade, levando em consideração o papel da ciência e dos elementos imediatos a ela relacionados. Quanto aos objetivos específicos deste estudo, destacam-se: · compreender o sentido da filosofia e da ciência e suas relações com a ideologia; · verificar como o discurso da neutralidade axiológica da ciência se apresenta como mito da modernidade e como se dá a presença da "fé" na filosofia e na ciência, na contemporaneidade; · refletir sobre a consolidação da ciência como força produtiva e/ou como mercadoria no atual sistema econômico; · destacar a importância do complexo industrial militar como financiador de grande parte dos atuais estudos científicos; · entender o processo de racionalização, avaliando a importância do pragmatismo e da burocracia universitária como afirmação da ciência na atualidade. O texto conclui que tanto é possível a existência de saber como poder (Bacon como a de não saber, mas com poder (Tragtenberg para compreendermos a relação entre saber e poder.

  6. The Franciscans in Cathay: memory of men and places. A Contribution for the genealogy of geographical knowledge of Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Buffon

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Summary The study analyzes the process that leads to the elaboration of the thesis of a continuity between the Medieval Asia mission and the New World mission. This effort, undertaken by the Catholic historiography of the mission during the XIX century, is the result of the impulse provided by Alexander von Humboldt’s studies about the discovery of America (Examen critique. The data about the geography of Asia collected by the missionaries-travelers working in the territory between Karakorum and Khanbalik during the XIII e XIV century reaches Christopher Colombus with the mediation of Roger Bacon, whom Humboldt himself esteems as a true cultural mediator. The conclusion of the article tries to identify reasons and modalities of the secularization of the missionary concept, i.e. the shift from the ideal of the propagation of the Christian message to a prevailing interest for cartography and topography, transformations arranged by a late medieval historiography that introduces into martyrolagia the loca toponomastica. Sommario Lo studio analizza il processo che conduce all’elaborazione della tesi di una continuità tra missione asiatica medievale e missione nel Nuovo Mondo. L’impegno, assunto dalla storiografia missionaria cattolica lungo il corso del XIX secolo, costituisce l’esito dell’impulso proveniente dagli studi svolti da Alexander von Humboldt intorno all’esplorazione delle Americhe (Examen critique. Le informazioni sullo spazio asiatico trasmesse dai missionari operanti durante il XIII e il XIV secolo tra Karakorum e Khanbaliq pervengono a Cristoforo Colombo mediante Ruggero Bacone (Opus majus, che Humlbodt stesso stima mediatore culturale per antonomasia. La parte conclusiva della ricerca si occupa di stabilire modalità e ragioni della secolarizzazione del concetto di missione, cioè del trasferimento all’interesse cartografico dell’anelito alla propagazione del messaggio cristiano fino agli estremi confini della terra

  7. 饮食因素对绝经期妇女骨质疏松影响%Effects of dietary factors on menopausal osteoporosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宁; 黄振武; 梅菊红; 刘欣; 杨晓光; 张秋菊; 马先富; 刘美娜

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the effects of dietary factors on menopausal osteoporosis and to provide suggestions for menopausal women.Methods A total of 281 menopausal women aged 50 -65 years were randomly selected from Harbin city.Questionnaire survey was used to collect data and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry(DEXA) was used to measure bone mineral density(BMD) of the spine, left hip, and body.The data was validated with Epidata 3.1 and analyzed using SAS9.1.Univariate logistic regression analysis were performed to test the associations between 79 kinds of food and menopausal osteoporosis.After adjusting for age and weight, stepwise multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to test the impact of diet on menopausal osteoporosis.Results Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that eating coarse food grain( > 100g/d) (odds ratio [OR]=2.141) and vermicelli( >50 g/d) (OR = 1.649) were risk factors for menopausal osteoporosis, whereas eating bacon belly( OR =0.543) ,chicken claw( OR =0.605) ,banana ( > 25 g/d)( OR =0.588 )and melon vegetable( >75 g/d)(OR=0.585) were protective factors for menopausal osteoporosis.Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that eating coarse food grain( > 100 g/d) and drinking coke were risk factors for menopausal osteoporosis,whereas eating bacon belly,melon vegetable( >75 g/d) and kale vegetable( >10 g/d) were protective factors for menopausal osteoporosis.Conclusion In order to prevent menopausal osteoporosis, we suggest menopausal women eating more melon vegetable and kale vegetable,appropriate amount of coarse food grain and bacon belly and not drinking coke.%目的 了解饮食因素对绝经期妇女骨质疏松的影响,为指导绝经期妇女通过合理饮食预防骨质疏松的发生提供参考依据.方法 采用两阶段抽样方法对在黑龙江省哈尔滨市电力小区随机抽取的281名绝经期妇女进行问卷调查和骨密度测量.结果 调查的281名绝经期妇

  8. Pellets de trigo e soja produzidos por extrusão Wheat and soybean pellets produced by extrusion-cooking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sin Huei Wang

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available A mistura de trigo e soja representa uma importante fonte calórico-protéica com proteínas de boa qualidade. Apesar disso, a utilização da soja como ingrediente tem sido limitada pelo seu sabor de feijão cru (beany flavor, o qual é melhorado pelo processo de extrusão. Foram estudados os efeitos de umidade da mistura, Temperatura de Barril (TB e Velocidade de Rotação de Parafuso (VRP, Nº 5 do extrusor no Índice de Expansão (IE, no Índice de Solubilidade em Água (ISA e nas características sensoriais de pellets produzidos com mistura de trigo e soja (90:10, objetivando a otimização deste processo para a obtenção de pellets fritos com melhores qualidades sensoriais. A farinha mista crua foi extrusada em 2 umidades (32 e 35%, 4 TB (60 a 90 °C e 4 VRP (60 a 150 rpm, totalizando 32 tratamentos. O pellet frito, preparado com a farinha mista com 32% de umidade e extrusada em 60 rpm a 80 °C, apresentou o maior IE e as melhores qualidades sensoriais (aparência, sabor e textura, sendo preferido pela equipe de provadores não treinados, tanto com sabor de bacon como com sabor de queijo.The mixture of wheat with soybean represents an important calorie-protein source with good protein quality. In spite of this, the use of soybeans as an ingredient has been limited by their beany flavor, which is improved by the extrusion process. Effects of mixture moisture, Barrel Temperature (BT and Screw-Speed (SS, Nº 5 on Expansion Index (EI, Water Solubility Index (WSI and sensory characteristics of pellets produced with a wheat-soybean (90:10 mixture were studied, in order to optimize this process for obtaining fried pellets with better sensory qualities. Raw mixed flour was extruded at two moisture contents (32 and 35%, four BT (60 to 90 °C and four SS (60 to 150 rpm, totalizing 32 treatments. The fried pellets, prepared with the mixed flour with 32% moisture and extruded at 60 rpm and 80 °C, presented the greatest EI and the best sensory

  9. SOMOS O QUE FAZEMOS, MAS SOMOS PRINCIPALMENTE, O QUE FAZEMOS PARA MUDAR O QUE SOMOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dalmo Valério Machado De Lima

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Ao longo da história, o homem sempre procurou justificar suas ações individuais ou coletivas com base naquilo que poderia ser revertido para o próprio indivíduo ou classe. Nessa esteira, a discussão sobre o conceito e aplicabilidade do conhecimento renderia um debate que transcende os fins a que se destina esse editorial.A fim de demarcar uma linha do tempo e de pensamento ao longo da construção que ora se apresenta não se pode deixar de tomar como referência basilar o grego Platão, para quem o conhecimento consiste de crença verdadeira e justificada. Posteriormente, revendo e aprofundando as lições de seu mestre, Aristóteles desmembra o conhecimento em três áreas: científica, prática e técnica. Na Idade Média, o bom frade Roger Bacon, o maior prócer do chamado empirismo aristotélico, estabeleceu as bases de um tipo de investigação científica ainda hoje vigente centrada no esquema da tentativa e do erro, além de, em suas "horas vagas", travestir-se de propagandista dos "benéficos" efeitos do uso da pólvora no trato dos problemas internos e externos de um reino ou feudo.  Com o surgimento da ciência moderna, entre os séculos XVI e XVII, um período denominado Revolução Científica, sedimentam-se e proliferam as ideias de Isaac Newton, Galileu Galilei, René Descartes, Francis Bacon, Nicolau Copérnico, Louis Pasteur e Francesco Redi entre outros, que, reorganizando o pensamento científico, apontam para um campo novo de conhecimento científico cujas implicações são sentidas até os dias de hoje. 

  10. 经验之路:培根与笛卡尔论现代科学的方法与哲学基础%Via Experientiae:Bacon’s and Descartes’contribution to the method and foundation of modern sciences

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李猛

    2016-01-01

    The historiography of scientific revolutions detects the experimental and mathematical traditions in modern sciences. The founders of these two conceptions of modern sciences,Francis Bacon,and René Descartes,share in their advocacy of the way of experience against dialectics and syllogism.Bacon’s way of experience begins with experience well founded through ex-periment and ends with the knowledge of form or simple natures;Descartes’way of experience,on the contrary,centers on intu-ition,and intends to establish the unity of science through mathesis universalis,which reduces natural phenomena to simple na-tures.While Bacon never frees his theory of simple natures from the encroachment of various idols,Descartes comes to realize that his early attempt of mathesis universalis on the basis of simple natures fails to give an adequate account of human cognition, which leads to metaphysics rather than method.%现代科学革命包含“实验性”和“数学化”两大传统,分别以培根和笛卡尔为代表。两个人都倡导经验之路,反对传统的辩证法和三段论,但这两条经验之路颇为不同。培根的经验之路采取的归纳方法,出发点是经验的实验化,而真正的归纳取决于简单自然的知识,但难以从中排除人类理智的幻象。笛卡尔的经验之路以直观为中心,通过方法的统一性实现科学统一性,这一方法的关键在于能否将经验事物还原为简单自然,笛卡尔在确定简单自然的存在性质上的困难最终导致他重建被培根自然化的形而上学。

  11. Mapeamento de locos de características quantitativas associados à composição de carcaça, no cromossomo seis de suíno Mapping of quantitative trait loci for carcass composition on swine chromosome six

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.V. Pires

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Uma população de suínos, composta de 550 animais F2, foi produzida a partir do intercruzamento da geração F1, obtida pelo cruzamento divergente de dois machos da raça nativa brasileira Piau com 18 fêmeas comerciais. O objetivo do trabalho foi mapear locos de características quantitativas (QTL associados a cortes de carcaça. Os animais foram genotipados para 13 marcadores microssatélites, distribuídos no cromossomo 6 de suínos. As características avaliadas foram: peso total do pernil, peso do pernil sem pele e sem capa de gordura, peso total da copa, peso da copa sem pele e sem capa de gordura, peso total da paleta, peso da paleta sem pele e sem capa de gordura, peso total do carré, peso do lombo, peso total do bacon, peso das costelas, peso total da papada, peso do filezinho e peso da banha rama. Utilizou-se o método de regressão por intervalo de mapeamento por meio do programa QTL Express. Foram encontrados indicativos de QTL para peso de pernil limpo, peso de paleta, peso de lombo e peso de filezinho. A região genômica deve ser saturada com marcadores adicionais para confirmar a presença de QTL reais.A swine population of 550 F2 animals was produced by outbred cross using two sires of the native Brazilian breed Piau and 18 commercial dams. The animals were genotyped for 13 microsatellite markers. The evaluated composition traits of carcass were: ham weight, skinless and fatless ham weight, boston shoulder weight, skinless and fatless boston shoulder weight, picnic shoulder weight, skinless and fatless picnic shoulder weight, total loin (bone-in weight, loin weight, bacon weight, rib weight, jowl weight, sirloin weight, and belly fat weight. Data were analyzed by multiple regression interval mapping, using the QTL Express software. Suggestive QTL were found for skinless and fatless ham weight, picnic shoulder weight, loin weight, and sirloin weight. However, the genomic region should be saturated with additional markers in

  12. Relevance of nitrate and nitrite in dry-cured ham and their effects on aroma development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flores, Mónica

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Potassium and sodium salts of nitrite (E 249 and E 250 and nitrate (E 251 and E 252 are authorised for use under certain levels in several foodstuffs such as non-heat-treated, cured and dried meat products, other cured meat products, canned meat products and bacon. The key point in the use of nitrate and nitrite as preservatives is to find a balance between ensuring the microbiological safety of the ham and keeping as low as possible the level of nitrosamines in the final product. Nitrites and nitrates are authorised as additives for dry-cured ham in the Directive 2006/52/EC of 5 July 2006 that modifies previous Council Directive 95/2/EC on food additives other than colours and sweeteners. The effect of nitrate and its reduction to nitrite in controlling the lipid oxidation process during the ham ripening is very important for the development of the characteristic cured flavour. The main benefits and drawbacks of the use of nitrites and nitrates in dry-cured ham and how these levels may affect its flavour are discussed in this manuscript.Las sales sódica y potásica del nitrito (E249 y E250 y del nitrato (E251 y E252 están autorizados para su uso en los productos cárnicos, secos, curados y no tratados por el calor, otros productos cárnicos curados, productos cárnicos enlatados y bacon. El punto esencial en el uso de nitrato y nitrito como conservantes consiste en encontrar un balance entre el aseguramiento de la seguridad microbiológica del jamón y mantener el nivel de nitrosaminas tan bajo como sea posible. Los nitratos y nitritos están autorizados como aditivos en el jamón curado según la Directiva Europea 2006/52/EC de 5 de Julio de 2006 que modificaba la previa Directiva Europea 95/2/EC de aditivos alimentarios distintos a los colorantes y edulcorantes. El efecto del nitrato y su reducción a nitrito para controlar la oxidación de los lípidos durante la maduración del jamón es muy importante para el desarrollo del caracter

  13. Mudanças no consumo alimentar de mulheres do Município do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, 1995-2005 Changing in dietary intake by women in the Municipality of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 1995 to 2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosângela Alves Pereira

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Compara-se o consumo alimentar de mulheres de 35 anos e mais investigado em dois estudos transversais de base populacional desenvolvidos no Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, em 1995-1996 (n = 1.014 e 2004-2005 (n = 1.001. Utilizou-se questionário de freqüência do consumo de alimentos para estimar o consumo de alimentos e o índice de massa corporal (IMC = peso/estatura² para avaliar o estado nutricional. A prevalência da obesidade (IMC 30kg/m² aumentou no período de 10 anos (16,6% para 24%. O consumo de diversos alimentos com alta densidade energética sofreu incremento, como: biscoitos salgados, doces, bacon, lingüiça/salsicha e hambúrguer. Outros foram relatados com menor freqüência: manteiga/margarina, maionese, batata frita ou chips, e açúcar. Frutas, leite, feijão, raízes e tubérculos, e carnes tiveram redução do consumo. Mulheres com escolaridade elevada apresentaram maior redução no consumo de frutas e carnes. As mudanças na prevalência da obesidade parecem estar relacionadas com as modificações do consumo de alimentos e dependentes do grau de escolarização.This article compares food intake by women 35 years or older in two population-based cross-sectional studies in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1995-1996 (n = 1,014 and 2004-2005 (n = 1,001. Food intake was assessed with a food-frequency questionnaire, and nutritional status was defined according to body mass index (BMI = weight/height². Prevalence of obesity (BMI 30kg/m² increased in the ten-year period (16.6% to 24%. Many high energy density (kcal/g foods showed a statistically significant increase in the period, such as crackers, candies, bacon, sausage, and hamburger. Some high energy density items were reported less frequently: butter, mayonnaise, potato chips, and sugar. The intake of fruits, milk, beans, roots and potatoes, and meat decreased in the 10-year period. Women with more education showed a larger reduction in fruit and meat intake and a smaller reduction

  14. Slim by design: serving healthy foods first in buffet lines improves overall meal selection.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian Wansink

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Each day, tens of millions of restaurant goers, conference attendees, college students, military personnel, and school children serve themselves at buffets--many being all-you-can-eat buffets. Knowing how the food order at a buffet triggers what a person selects could be useful in guiding diners to make healthier selections. METHOD: The breakfast food selections of 124 health conference attendees were tallied at two separate seven-item buffet lines (which included cheesy eggs, potatoes, bacon, cinnamon rolls, low-fat granola, low-fat yogurt, and fruit. The food order between the two lines was reversed (least healthy to most healthy, and vise-versa. Participants were randomly assigned to choose their meal from one line or the other, and researchers recorded what participants selected. RESULTS: With buffet foods, the first ones seen are the ones most selected. Over 75% of diners selected the first food they saw, and the first three foods a person encountered in the buffet comprised 66% of all the foods they took. Serving the less healthy foods first led diners to take 31% more total food items (p<0.001. Indeed, diners in this line more frequently chose less healthy foods in combinations, such as cheesy eggs and bacon (r = 0.47; p<0.001 or cheesy eggs and fried potatoes (r= 0.37; p<0.001. This co-selection of healthier foods was less common. CONCLUSIONS: Three words summarize these results: First foods most. What ends up on a buffet diner's plate is dramatically determined by the presentation order of food. Rearranging food order from healthiest to least healthy can nudge unknowing or even resistant diners toward a healthier meal, helping make them slim by design. Health-conscious diners, can proactively start at the healthier end of the line, and this same basic principle of "first foods most" may be relevant in other contexts - such as when serving or passing food at family dinners.

  15. Petrology of the zoned calcalkaline magma chamber of Mount Mazama, Crater Lake, Oregon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Druitt, T.H.; Bacon, C.R.

    1989-01-01

    Evolution of the magma chamber at Mount Mazama involved repeated recharge by two types of andesite (high-Sr and low-Sr), crystal fractionation, crystal accumulation, assimilation, and magma mixing (Bacon and Druitt 1988). This paper addresses the modal compositions, textures, mineral chemistry and magmatic temperatures of (i) products of the 6845??50 BP climactic eruption, (ii) blocks of partially fused granitoid wallrock found in the ejecta, and (iii) preclimactic rhyodacitic lavas leaked from the chamber in late Pleistocene and early Holocene time. Immediately prior to the climactic eruption the chamber contained ??? 40 km3 of rhyodacite (10 vol% plag + opx + aug + hb + mt + ilm, ???880?? C) overlying high-Sr andesite and cumulus-crystal mush (28-51 vol% plag + hb ?? opx ?? aug + mt ?? ilm, 880?? to ???950?? C), which in turn overlay low-Sr crystal mush (50-66 vol% plag + opx + aug ?? hb ?? ol + mt + ilm, 890?? to ???950??? C). Despite the well known compositional gap in the ejecta, no thermal discontinuity existed in the chamber. Pre-eruptive water contents of pore liquids in most high-Sr and low-Sr mushes were 4-6 wt%, but on average the high-Sr mushes were slightly richer in water. Although parental magmas of the crystal mushes were andesitic, xenocrysts of bytownite and Ni-rich magnesian olivine in some scoriae record the one-time injection of basalt into the chamber. Textures in ol-bearing scoriae preserve evidence for the reactions ol + liq = opx and ol + aug + liq(+ plag?) = hb, which occurred in andesitic liquids at Mount Mazama. Strontium abundances in plagioclase phenocrysts constrain the petrogenesis of preclimactic and climactic rhyodacites. Phenocryst cores derived from high-Sr and low-Sr magmas have different Sr contents which can be resolved by microprobe. Partition coefficients for plagioclase in andesitic to rhyolitic glasses range from 2 to 7, and increase as glass %SiO2 increases. Evolved Pleistocene rhyodacites (???30-25,000 BP) and

  16. Reduction of Listeria innocua contamination in vacuum-packaged dry-cured Italian pork products after high hydrostatic pressure treatment

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    Giuseppe Merialdi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The present work aims to present the results of the application of a treatment with high hydrostatic pressure (HHP on Italian fermented and dry-cured pork products. The products used in this study were portioned cured ham, portioned bacon and salami, vacuumpackaged and produced by a single processing company. Two studies were conducted on a single batch of the three products by means of an artificial contamination with Listeria innocua as a surrogate of L. monocytogenes. In the first trial a superficial contamination was obtained by immersion for 3 min in the culture broth with a concentration of approximately 9 log cfu/mL. At the end of the inoculum step, the pieces were dred at room temperature and vacuum packaged. In the second trial 50 kg of minced pork meat were contaminated before production of salami. In both cases the inoculum contained 5 strains of L. innocua. Subsequently, in both trials, 10 samples were randomly divided into two groups of 5 pieces each: i TH group, samples treated with HHP; ii group C, control samples, not subjected to any treatment. All samples were stored at refrigeration temperature at the end of HHP treatments (if applied, and analyzed for the determination of the surface (1st trial and deep (2nd trial quantitative contamination of L. innocua. pH and aW were also determined on 3 pieces of each products belonging to group C. The difference between the medians of the log cfu/cm2 or g established between controls and treated were compared using the non-parametric test (Kruskal-Wallis test with P<0.01. In all products and in both trials the level of contamination detected in treatment groups was always significantly lower than in controls (P<0.01. In particular, in vacuum-packaged ham, bacon and salami viability logarithmic viability reductions equal to -2.29, -2.54 and -2.51 were observed, respectively. This study aimed to evaluate a not-thermal treatment on Italian cured or fermented pork products. The results of

  17. Philosophical Concepts in Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cushing, James T.

    1998-01-01

    Preface; Part I. The Scientific Enterprise: 1. Ways of knowing; 2. Aristotle and Francis Bacon; 3. Science and metaphysics; Part II. Ancient and Modern Models of the Universe: 4. Observational astronomy and the Ptolemaic model; 5. The Copernican model and Kepler's laws; 6. Galileo on motion; Part III. The Newtonian Universe: 7. Newton's Principia; 8. Newton's law of universal gravitation; 9. Some old questions revisited; Part IV. A Perspective: 10. Galileo's Letter to the Grand Duchess; 11. An overarching Newtonian framework; 12. A view of the world based on science: determinism; Part V. Mechanical Versus Electrodynamical World Views: 13. Models of the aether; 14. Maxwell's theory; 15. The Kaufmann experiments; Part VI. The Theory of Relativity: 16. The background to and essentials of special relativity; 17. Further logical consequences of Einstein's postulates; 18. General relativity and the expanding universe; Part VII. The Quantum World and the Completeness of Quantum Mechanics: 19. The road to quantum mechanics; 20. 'Copenhage' quantum mechanics; 21. Is quantum mechanics complete?; Part VIII. Some Philosophical Lessons from Quantum Mechanics: 22. The EPR paper and Bell's theorem; 23. An alternative version of quantum mechanics; 24. An essential role for historical contingency?; Part IX. A Retrospective: 25. The goals of science and the status of its knowledge; Notes; General references; Bibliography; Author index; Subject index.

  18. Seaweeds for umami flavour in the New Nordic Cuisine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mouritsen Ole G

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Use of the term 'umami' for the fifth basic taste and for describing the sensation of deliciousness is finding its way into Western cuisine. The unique molecular mechanism behind umami sensation is now partly understood as an allosteric action of glutamate and certain 5'-ribonucleotides on the umami receptors. Chefs have started using this understanding to create dishes with delicious taste by adding old and new ingredients that enhance umami. In this paper, we take as our starting point the traditional Japanese soup broth dashi as the 'mother' of umami and demonstrate how dashi can be prepared from local, Nordic seaweeds, in particular the large brown seaweed sugar kelp (Saccharina latissima and the red seaweed dulse (Palmaria palmata, possibly combined with bacon, chicken meat or dried mushrooms to provide synergy in the umami taste. Optimal conditions are determined for dashi extraction from these seaweeds, and the corresponding glutamate, aspartate and alaninate contents are determined quantitatively and compared with Japanese dashi extracted from the brown seaweed konbu (Saccharina japonica. Dulse and dashi from dulse are proposed as promising novel ingredients in the New Nordic Cuisine to infuse a range of different dishes with umami taste, such as ice cream, fresh cheese and bread.

  19. Dietary factors and the risk of glioma in adults: results of a case-control study in Melbourne, Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giles, G G; McNeil, J J; Donnan, G; Webley, C; Staples, M P; Ireland, P D; Hurley, S F; Salzberg, M

    1994-11-01

    In a population-based case-control study of 416 incident gliomas in adults carried out in Melbourne, Australia, between 1987 and 1991, 409 age-sex-matched case-control pairs (243 male and 166 female) had adequate data available to examine associations between the dietary intake of N-nitroso compounds, N-nitroso precursors, other nutrients including N-nitroso inhibitors, and the risk of glioma. Dietary intakes were based on the reported frequency of consumption of 59 food items. Increased odds ratio (OR) were observed in males who consumed high levels of bacon, corned meats, apples, melons and oil. OR less than unity were observed in men consuming cabbage and cola drinks, and in women who consumed wholegrain bread, pasta, corned meat, bananas, cauliflower, brocoli, cola drinks and nuts. Generally, N-nitroso associations were greater in men and micronutrient associations were greater in women. Elevated OR in men, but not women, were associated with the intake of N-nitroso dimethylamine (NDMA), retinol and vitamin E. The intake of nitrate (largely of vegetable origin) was protective in women but not in men. When analyzed using multiple logistic regression, the association with NDMA intake in males was not modified by dietary micronutrient intakes. In females, beta carotene alone, though not directly associated with risk, modified the effect of NDMA. On balance, this study added only limited support to the N-nitroso hypothesis of glial carcinogenesis.

  20. [On Academics and Academicians. Historical sketch].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Micheli-Serra, Alfredo

    2003-01-01

    First Academies originated in Italy at the beginnings of the Renaissance. Their works were of encyclopedic extent. Regarding to scientific academies, the first was the "Accademia dei Lincei" founded in Rome on August 17, 1603, due to the initiative of four young men; three naturalists and a physician. Later, several distiguished scientists were admitted, such as Giambattista della Porta, inventor of the dark chamber (1610) and Galileo Galilei (1611). This Academy sponsored the publication of a compendium of Francisco Hernández manuscripts, prepared by the Italian physician Antonio Nardo Recchi. Many years later, other scientific academies arose, such as the "Accademia del Cimento", established in 1657 in Florence and inspired by Galilean thought. In 1662, the "Royal Society" of London, was formally recognized, following Bacon's empirical line, and in 1666 the "Académie Royale des Sciences" was created in Paris, which followed the mechanicist orientation of Descartes. These scientific societies aspired to become centers of information and exchange ideas. Therefore, the "Philosophical Transactions" in London and the "Journal des Savants" in Paris began to be published in 1665. Both publications often included medical articles and notes. Regarding New Spain, the worthy "Academia médico-quirúrgica" of Puebla, mentioned since 1802, must be considered. In independent Mexico, two successive medical academies were established that paved the way for our National Academy of Medicine (1864). This society, since its birth, has been publishing the "Gaceta Médica de México", dean of the Mexican medical journals.

  1. [William Harvey revisited ].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinke, Hubert

    2015-07-01

    William Harvey's discovery of the circulation of the blood is often described as a product of the Scientific Revolution of the Seventeenth Century. Modern research has, however, shown thatHarvey followed the Aristotelian research tradition and thus tried to reveal the purpose of the organs through examination of various animals. His publication of 1628 has to be read as an argument of natural philosophy, or, more precisely, as a series of linked observations, experiments and philosophical reasonings from which the existence of circulation has to be deduced as a logical consequence. Harvey did not consider experiments as superior to philosophical reasoning nor intended he to create a new system of medicine. He believed in the vitality of the heart and the blood and rejected Francis Bacon's empirism and the mechanistic rationalism of Descartes. Harvey's contribution and originality lied less in his single observations and experiments but in the manner how he linked them with critical reasoning and how he accepted, presented and defended the ensuing radical findings.

  2. 《论读书》的翻译对比研究%A Comparative Study of Of Studies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋庆龙

    2012-01-01

    Of Studies is a famous essay written by Francis Bacon, with a motto like and poetic language, terse and lucid style, and the points are also made clearly and effectively. Out of the Chinese translated versions, Wang Zuoliang' s work is considered the best. Reading Wang' s version, one can get nearly the equal effect as reading the English one. An- other Chinese translator, He Xin, also translate this essay, but his version is not as good as Wang' s. This thesis focuses on commenting on and" analyzing these two translated versions comparatively.%《论读书》是弗朗西斯·培根一篇著名的随笔,文章采用了格言句式和诗一般的语言,其文风简约,用字洗练,观点鲜明,论证有力。在几种中译本中,王佐良的译本可谓最佳,其语言风格都很忠于原文,读者可以获得和阅读原文同等的感受和效果,而何新的译本则逊色许多。本文旨在分析比较评价这两篇不同的译文。

  3. CINE CLUB

    CERN Document Server

    CINE CLUB

    2010-01-01

    Thursday 7 October 2010 at 20:30 Jeudi 7 Octobre 2010 à 20:30 CERN Main Auditorium Amphithéâtre Principal Mystic River   By/de : Clint Eastwood (USA, 2003) 132 min With/avec : Sean Penn, Tim Robbins, Kevin Bacon, Laurence Fishburne, Marcia Gay Harden, Laura Linney   During a summer in 1975, Dave Boyle and two friends, Jimmy and Sean, are playing on a sidewalk in Boston when Dave is abducted by two men and subjected to sexual abuse over a period of several days. Eventually escaping, but haunted into adulthood by his trauma, Dave becomes a primary suspect when Jimmy's daughter, Katie, is found murdered. Sean, assigned to investigate the crime, finds himself facing both demons from the past and demons in the present as the circumstances surrounding Katie's death are uncovered.   Original version english with english subtitles Version originale anglaise soutitrée en anglais * * * * * * * Thursday 14 October 2010 at 20:30 ...

  4. 'For Beauty is nothing but the barely endurable onset of Terror': Outline of a general psychoanalytic aesthetics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leikert, Sebastian

    2017-03-23

    Even close to 80 years after Freud's words that psychoanalysis "has scarcely anything to say about beauty" (Freud, Civilization and its Discontents, SE 21, p. 82) the question of a specific psychoanalytic aesthetic is still faced with a deficit in theory. Since aesthetics is related to Aisthesis, the Greek word for 'perception', a psychoanalytic aesthetic can solely emerge from a psychoanalysis of perceptive structures. The term 'kinaesthetic semantic' is introduced in order to exemplify via music how perceptive experiences must be structured for them to be experienced as beautiful. The basic mechanisms - repetition of form (rhythm, unification) and seduction (deviation, surprise) - are defined. With the help of these mechanisms an intensive contact between perceiving object and kinetic subject, the physical self, is established. The intensive relatedness is a requirement for the creative process in art and also for psychic growth on the subject's level. The described basic mechanisms of the aesthetic process in music can also be encountered in painting and poetry. By the means of a self-portrait by Bacon it will be examined how, in art, terror and traumatization are represented via targeted disorganization of beauty endowing mechanisms, hence finding an enabling form of confrontation and integration of fended contents.

  5. Engineering assessment of inactive uranium mill tailings: Monument Valley Site, Monument Valley, Arizona

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-10-01

    Ford, Bacon and Davis Utah Inc. has reevalated the Monument Valley site in order to revise the March 1977 engineering assessment of the problems resulting from the existence of radioactive uranium mill tailings at Monument Valley, Arizona. This engineering assessment has included the preparation of topographic maps, the performance of core drillings and radiometric measurements sufficient to determine areas and volumes of tailings and radiation exposure of individuals and nearby populations, the investigations of site hydrology and meteorology, and the evaluation and costing of alternative corrective actions. Radon gas released from the 1.1 million tons of tailings at the Monument Valley site constitutes the most significant environmental impact, although windblown tailings and external gamma radiation also are factors. The four alternative actions presented in this engineering assessment range from millsite decontamination with the addition of 3 m of stabilization cover material (Option I), to removal of the tailings to remote disposal sites and decontamination of the tailings site (Options II through IV). Cost estimates for the four options range from about $6,600,000 for stabilization in-place, to about $15,900,000 for disposal at a distance of about 15 mi. Three principal alternatives for reprocessing the Monument Valley tailings were examined: heap leaching; Treatment at an existing mill; and reprocessing at a new conventional mill constructed for tailings reprocessing. The cost of the uranium recovery is economically unattractive.

  6. Practical Use of Nitrite and Basis for Dosage in the Manufacture of Meat Products

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adler-Nissen, Jens; Ekgreen, Maria Helbo; Risum, Jørgen

    The use of nitrite (NaNO2) in the manufacture of salted (cured) meat products has a long tradition in the industry, dating back to the early twentieth century. Nitrite serves several technological purposes, primarily by the formation of a stable red colour in the meat and the inhibition of the gr......The use of nitrite (NaNO2) in the manufacture of salted (cured) meat products has a long tradition in the industry, dating back to the early twentieth century. Nitrite serves several technological purposes, primarily by the formation of a stable red colour in the meat and the inhibition...... number of experiments were conducted in Denmark in collaboration with the Danish meat manufacturing industry in 1981-1983. Wiltshire bacon and certain canned products largely for export were not investigated in this study, however. The adverse effects of nitrite can mainly be ascribed to the risk...... sausages. Arguments for maintaining this high level are lacking in the available literature, and on the basis of what can be deduced with respect to the manufacturing processes for these products, it is hard to conceive of substantial arguments for the high level of 180 mg/kg. For other heat...

  7. QUALITY CONTROL OF SOME TRADITIONAL MEAT PRODUCTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. DOBRINAS

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we present the characterization of six traditional meat products: smoked file, smoked bacon, pork sausages, sausage prepared from swine’s entrails, pork pastrami, sheep sausages. Organoleptic tests (the aspect and shape, the aspect of freshly cut in the section, smell, taste and consistency, physico-chemical and microbiological determinations (NTG, Salmonella, Listeria monocytogenes and Escherichia coli were performed. These analyzes are a part of quality control that must be done in order to obtain a certificate from the Ministry of Agriculture for a traditional product. After identification of H2S and starch and according to fat oxidation degree it was concluded that analyzed samples didn’t contain counterfeiters and all parameters analyzed are within the maximum limits allowed by law. Considering all the procedures for manufacturing, characteristics of raw and auxiliary materials, organoleptic properties of final products analyzed in this study, it can be concluded that analyzed meat specialties meet the requirements of Ministry Order no. 690/28.09.2004 for the traditional products certification.

  8. Measurement of Multiple Vitamin K Forms in Processed and Fresh-Cut Pork Products in the U.S. Food Supply.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Xueyan; Shen, Xiaohua; Finnan, Emily G; Haytowitz, David B; Booth, Sarah L

    2016-06-01

    Vitamin K food composition data have historically been limited to plant-based phylloquinone (vitamin K1). The purpose of this study was to expand analysis of vitamin K to animal products and to measure phylloquinone and 10 forms of menaquinones (vitamin K2) in processed and fresh-cut pork products. Nationally representative samples of processed pork products (n = 28) were obtained through USDA's National Food and Nutrition Analysis Program, and fresh pork (six cuts; n = 5 per cut) and bacon (n = 4) were purchased from local retail outlets. All samples were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography (phylloquinone and menaquinone-4) and atmospheric-pressure chemical ionization-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (menaquinone-5 to menaquinone-13). Although low in phylloquinone (processed pork products and fresh pork cuts contained menaquinone-4, menaquinone-10, and menaquinone-11 (range: [35.1 ± 11.0]-[534 ± 89.0] μg of menaquinones per 100 g). The total menaquinone contents of processed pork products were correlated with fat contents (r = 0.935). In summary, processed and fresh-cut pork products are a rich dietary source of menaquinones that are currently unaccounted for in assessment of vitamin K in the food supply.

  9. Políticas de Gestão de Pessoas, Confiança e Bem-estar: Estudo em uma Multinacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priscila Horta

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The main authors in the area of Human Resource Management (HRM, including Legge (2006 and Wilkinson,Bacon, Redman and Snell (2010, agree that people have an important and strategic role in organizations. Since HRM policies need to contribute to greater well-being and strengthen the confidence of employees in organizations (Mariotti & Souza, 2009; Nishii, Lepak, & Schneider, 2008; Turner, Huemann, & Keegan, 2008, this study aimed to assess the relationship between these variables, as perceived by 141 employees in a multinational company in the field of information technology. Multiple linear regression analysis, structural equation modeling and maximum likelihood method were conducted to test the proposed models of relationships between the variables cited above. Thus, it was possible to identify and confirm the influence HRM policies have on both confidence in the organization and employee well-being at work, as well as the influence of confidence on well-being at work. This research contributes to the advancement of studies in the areas of Human Resources Management and Organizational Behavior by analyzing a previously unexplored relationship between a set of variables and also served as a diagnostic for the studied organization, assisting company managers in their decision-making in order to improve employee well-being.

  10. Hume's Correlationism: On Meillassoux, Necessity and Belief

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul O'Mahoney

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The article argues that Meillassoux's 'After Finitude' underestimates the nature and profundity of Hume's sceptical challenge; it neglects the fact that Hume's scepticism concerns final causes (and agrees fundamentally with Bacon and Descartes in this respect, and that in Hume even the operations of reason do not furnish entirely a priori knowledge. We contend that Hume himself institutes a form of correlationism (which in part showed Kant the way to counter the sceptical challenge via transcendental idealism, and sought not merely to abolish the 'principle of sufficient reason' but to salvage it in a weak form, in turning his attention to the grounds for our beliefs in necessity. We argue further that the 'mathematizability' of properties is not a sufficient criterion to yield realist, non-correlational knowledge, or to demonstrate the 'irremediable realism' of the 'ancestral' statement. Finally, we contend that Meillassoux himself relies on a certain 'Kantian moment' which exempts the reasoning subject from otherwise 'omnipotent' chaos, and that ultimately the 'speculative materialist' position remains exposed to the original Humean sceptical challenge. 

  11. Relationship between the Porcine Stress Syndrome gene and carcass and performance traits in F2 pigs resulting from divergent crosses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme de Oliveira Band

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available The PSS genotypes of 596 F2 pigs produced by initial mating of Brazilian native boars commercial sows and were characterized by PCR-RFLP and their carcass and performance traits were evaluated. Among the 596 animals analyzed, 493 (82.72% were characterized as NN and 103 (17.28% as Nn. With respect to carcass traits, Nn animals presented higher (p < 0.05 right half carcass weight, left half carcass weight, loin depth and loin eye area, and lower shoulder backfat thickness, backfat thickness between last and next to last but one lumbar vertebrae and backfat thickness after last rib at 6.5 cm from the midline compared to NN animals. Nn animals also showed (p < 0.05 higher values for most of the cut yields, indicating higher cutting yields for animals carrying the n allele and lower values for bacon depth, confirming lower fat deposition in carcass. In addition, Nn animals presented (p < 0.05 lower values for the performance trait weight at 105 days of age. These results indicate that animals carrying the PSS gene generate leaner carcasses, higher cut yields, and that the effects of the gene can be observed even in divergent crosses.

  12. The Relationship Among Fans’ Involvement, Psychological Commitment, and Loyalty in Professional Team Sports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stavros Tachis

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Research on consumer behavior in leisure settings has proposed the relationship among involvement, psychological commitment and loyalty. Nonetheless, very little attention has been given to the conceptualization of the relationship among these constructs in a sport spectator context. The present study examined the relationship among involvement, psychological commitment, and two dimensions of loyalty, namely the attitudinal and behavioral loyalty of sport fans. The participants of this study were 800 soccer fans. The confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the multidimensional factor structure of the involvement scale which was developed for leisure participants by Kyle, Graefe, Manning and Bacon (2003. A structural equation modeling examined the proposed relationship model among involvement, commitment and loyalty. It was found that fans’ involvement affects psychological commitment. Psychological commitment, in turn, influences attitudinal loyalty, and eventually attitudinal loyalty has direct effects on behavioral loyalty. The findings of the study indicate the mechanism through which sport fans become loyal to their team. It is suggested that sport managers should develop involvement, psychological commitment and attitudinal loyalty through marketing strategies in order to maximize sport fans’ behavioral loyalty.

  13. Turning coo-coo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Price

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available [First paragraph] The pairing of commeal and okra, which pops up everywhere in the Caribbean, nicely captures the amalgam of African and American resources that has produced so much of the region's cultures, and bears witness to the earliness of culinary creolization - on both sides of the Atlantic. Corn(maize is, of course, native to the New World, and okra (gumbo to the Old. The Dictionary of Jamaican English includes back-to-back entries on oka and okra - the former from a Yoruba word for corn, though in Jamaica it refers to a cassava mush served with an okra sauce (Cassidy & Le Page 1967:328. And while the Ewe word kukü means "corn dumpling" (Cassidy & Le Page 1967:135, its Caribbean cognates generally signal the presence of okra - as in Bahamian cuckoo soup (Holm 1982: 55. Just to the north in the United States, that classic of southern cuisine, fried okra, is made by coating the pods in cornmeal before dropping them in the bacon drippings. At the southern end of the Caribbean, the Brazilian dish called angu (from Yoruba - see Schneider 1991:14 is made with cornmeal (or cassava-flour; its Saramaka namesake (angu, though made with rice- or banana-flour, is usually served with an okra sauce. And in Barbados, cornmeal and okra comprise the essential ingredients of a national culinary tradition, which we will spell coo-coo.2

  14. Explaining“Bazi Meat”%释“巴子肉”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李军; 王靖

    2015-01-01

    “巴子肉”在《金瓶梅词话》中出现过两次。目前学界对“巴子肉”的释义有四种:一是蚆子肉;二是女阴的隐语;三是风干或晒干的肉;四是腊肉。这些释义都不切合文意。从文意理解、词义构成、构词理据、历史文献以及方言词“把子肉”旁证等方面来看,词话中的“巴子肉”应该理解为“肉片”。%BaZi Meat appeared two times in Jin Ping Mei. At present, there are four kinds of different interpretations of BaZi Meat:the first is蚆子meat;the second is the argot of vulva;the third is the dried meat;the fourth is the bacon. These definitions are not accorded with it. According to the literal comprehension, the construction of meaning, word motivation, historical documents and circumstantial evidence of dialect words把子Meat, Ba Zi Meat should be understood as"sliced meat".

  15. QTL alleles on chromosome 7 from fatty Meishan pigs reduce fat deposition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUE; Genhua; (岳根华); Petra; Beeckmann; Gerhard; Moser; Elisabeth; Müller; Hans; Bartenschlager; Stanislav; Cepica; Jaroslav; Schroffel; Antonin; Stratil; Hermann; Geldermann

    2003-01-01

    For detecting QTL in the whole swine genome, 1068 pigs from three F2 populations constructed by crossing European Wild boar and Pietrain (WxP), Meishan and Pietrain (M×P),and Wild Boar and Meishan (W×M) were genotyped for genetic markers evenly spaced at approximately 20 cM intervals. A QTL analysis was performed using a least-squares method. Here the results of the QTL analysis on the porcine chromosome 7 are presented. QTL for carcass composition (e.g. head weight, carcass length, backfat depth, abdominal fat and bacon meat) were mapped in the chromosomal region CYPA/CYPD-TNFB-S0102 in M×P and W×M, but not in W×P.The QTL explained 5.3%-27.2% of the F2 phenotypic variance in the two F2 populations. Most traits affected by the mapped QTL were related to carcass fatness. The mode of gene action of QTL was additive. Surprisingly, in contrast to the parental phenotype, the QTL alleles from fatty Meishan were associated with thinner backfat than Pietrain and Wild Boar alleles, suggesting that the genome of the fatty Meishan pig contains genes which can reduce fat content of carcass substantially.

  16. Blind suffering: Ribera’s non-visual epistemology of martyrdom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Itay Sapir

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available One of the oft-neglected aspects of early Baroque painting is its critical stance vis-à-vis renaissance’s ideal of pure and perfect visibility. The origins of this standpoint can be traced to the art of Caravaggio, but it is the Hispano-Neapolitan painter Jusepe de Ribera who brings it to a culmination of sorts, in a sustained pictorial quest for a novel sensorial pragmatics. Ribera’s representations of martyrdom, in particular, create a fascinating play between saints’ tactile experience of their suffering, their complex, often-deficient visual perception, and the viewer’s limited access to visual information when reconstructing the narrative on the basis of pictorial evidence. In this article, I analyse Ribera’s creation of mock-tactile textures through purely visual techniques, and the implications of such an artistic method for the hierarchy of the senses in the devotional context of Neapolitan culture in the first half of the seventeenth century. Gilles Deleuze’s analysis of Francis Bacon in The Logic of Sensation and Steven Connor’s observations on skin’s place in modern culture are brought also to bear on Ribera’s epidermal painting and its subversion of ocularcentrism.

  17. Food irradiation and sterilization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Josephson, Edward S.

    Radiation sterilization of food (radappertization) requires exposing food in sealed containers to ionizing radiation at absorbed doses high enough (25-70 kGy) to kill all organisms of food spoilage and public health significance. Radappertization is analogous to thermal canning is achieving shelf stability (long term storage without refrigeration). Except for dry products in which autolysis is negligible, the radappertization process also requires that the food be heated to an internal temperature of 70-80°C (bacon to 53°C) to inactivate autolytic enzymes which catalyze spoilage during storage without refrigeration. To minimize the occurence of irradiation induced off-flavors and odors, undesirable color changes, and textural and nutritional losses from exposure to the high doses required for radappertization, the foods are vacuum sealed and irradiated frozen (-40°C to -20°C). Radappertozed foods have the characteristic of fresh foods prepared for eating. Radappertization can substitute in whole or in part for some chemical food additives such as ethylene oxide and nitrites which are either toxic, carcinogenic, mutagenic, or teratogenic. After 27 years of testing for "wholesomeness" (safety for consumption) of radappertized foods, no confirmed evidence has been obtained of any adverse effecys of radappertization on the "wholesomeness" characteristics of these foods.

  18. 游离脂肪酸在几种常见食品风味形成中的作用%The role of free fatty acid in the flavor of several common foods

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓文辉; 赵燕; 李建科; 涂勇刚; 马晓娟

    2012-01-01

    Free fatty acid plays an extremely important role in the flavor of many kinds of foods. On one hand,it plays role as flavor compounds on the other hand,free fatty acid act as flavor precursors,it makes great contribution to forming the unique flavor of food. However,the role of free fatty acid is different for various foods. The change of free fatty acid during the process of several common foods such as bacon,sausage, ham,cheese,tea and beer was discussed,the role of these changes in the flavour formation of these foods was summarized.%游离脂肪酸在许多食品的风味形成中起着十分重要的作用,一方面是直接作为风味化合物起作用;另一方面游离脂肪酸作为风味前体物,对食品特有风味的形成做出贡献。但是,在不同的食品风味形成的过程中,游离脂肪酸的作用是不同的。文章综合论述了它在腊肉、香肠、火腿、奶酪、茶叶及啤酒等常见食品的风味形成过程中的作用。

  19. Subsystem codes with spatially local generators

    CERN Document Server

    Bravyi, Sergey

    2010-01-01

    We study subsystem codes whose gauge group has local generators in the 2D geometry. It is shown that there exists a family of such codes defined on lattices of size LxL with the number of logical qubits k and the minimum distance d both proportional to L. The gauge group of these codes involves only two-qubit generators of type XX and ZZ coupling nearest neighbor qubits (and some auxiliary one-qubit generators). Our proof is not constructive as it relies on a certain version of the Gilbert-Varshamov bound for classical codes. Along the way we introduce and study properties of generalized Bacon-Shor codes which might be of independent interest. Secondly, we prove that any 2D subsystem [n,k,d] code with spatially local generators obeys upper bounds kd=O(n) and d^2=O(n). The analogous upper bound proved recently for 2D stabilizer codes is kd^2=O(n). Our results thus demonstrate that subsystem codes can be more powerful than stabilizer codes under the spatial locality constraint.

  20. KOGNITÍVNE SKRESLENIA AKO SÚČASŤ SPRISAHANECKÝCH TEÓRIÍ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imrich Ruisel

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The beginnings of modern Greek philosophy have already indicated that man is not a reliable information processor, because he is unable to completely encompass the real world at a cognitive level. Thus, already Plato distinguished between the knowledge of the real true belief (epistémé and opinion (doxa. F. Bacon assumed that human senses are not the measure of reality. Psychologists A. Tversky and D. Kahneman pointed out that people do not follow rational arguments and set rules in their judgments. Rather, they use heuristics, which are simplified judgment rules that enable quick judgments, often biased by individual’s subjective beliefs. These wrong conclusions induce false ideas or fallacies. There are deductive and inductive fallacies. We contemplate the ratio of cognitive fallacies in forming and existence of conspiracy theories. Deliberate use of fallacies and biases is characteristic of the use of conspiracy theories in propaganda. Wrong judgments are made due to wrong understanding of coincidental events, insufficient processing of the laws of statistical regression and the tendency to search for confirmation. Preferred are verbal techniques in the form of naive and ritualized terms and statements based on unidentifiable fallacies.

  1. Amino acid geochronology of raised beaches in south west Britain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowen, D. Q.; Sykes, G. A.; Reeves (nee Henry), Alayne; Miller, G. H.; Andrews, J. T.; Brew, J. S.; Hare, P. E.

    Based on (1) the epimerization of L:isoleucine to D:alloisoleucine ( {D}/{L} ratios) in Patella vulgata, Littorina littorea, L. littoralis, L. saxatilis, Littorina species and Nucella lapillus from raised beaches in south west Britain, (2) statistical analysis of the {D}/{L} ratios, and (3) lithostratigraphic and geomorphic evaluation, three ( {D}/{L}) Stages are proposed. The {D}/{L} ratios for all the species measured are converted to a Patella vulgata standard. The three ( {D}/{L}) Stages are: (1) The Minchin Hole ( {D}/{L}) Stage, {D}/{L} ratios 0.175 ± 0.014, defined at a stratotype in Minchin Hole Cave, Gower, Wales. (2) A provisionally defined, but as yet, unamed ( {D}/{L}) Stage, because of the current unavailability of a suitable stratotype, with {D}/{L} ratios of 0.135 ± 0.014 (3) The Pennard ( {D}/{L}) Stage, {D}/{L} ratios 0.105 ± 0.016, defined at a stratotype in Minchin Hole Cave, Gower, Wales. Two geochronological models of the three high sea-level events representing the {D}/{L} Stages are constrained by uranium-series age determinations on stalagmite interbedded with marine beds in Minchin Hole and Bacon Hole Caves, Gower, Wales. A potential 'fixed point' in model evaluation is an age determination which is equivalent to Oxygen Isotope Sub-stage 5e (122 ka). The two models are:

  2. Tasco-Forage: I. Influence of a seaweed extract on antioxidant activity in tall fescue and in ruminants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fike, J H; Allen, V G; Schmidt, R E; Zhang, X; Fontenot, J P; Bagley, C P; Ivy, R L; Evans, R R; Coelho, R W; Wester, D B

    2001-04-01

    Seaweed (Ascophyllum nodosum) is a known source of plant growth regulators, and application to turfgrasses has increased activity of the antioxidant superoxide dismutase (SOD) and specific vitamin precursors. Increased antioxidant activity in both plants and animals diminishes oxidative stress. Two pasture experiments investigated effects of Tasco-Forage (a proprietary seaweed-based product) applied to tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) on antioxidant activity in plants and in ruminants that grazed the forage. In Exp. 1, fescue was 70 to 100% infected with the endophyte fungus Neotyphodium coenophialum ([Morgan-Jones and Gams] Glenn, Bacon, and Hanlin). Twenty-four wether lambs (initial BW 41 kg; SD = 5) grazed fescue treated with 0, 1.7, or 3.4 kg Tasco/ha applied in April and July, 1994, with four replications per treatment. Grazing occurred for 26 d beginning April 21 and for 22 d beginning July 19. In July, there was a linear increase in daily gains (P Prairie, MS, where 1/4 Brahman x 3/4 Angus steers were used. Forty-eight steers were included at each location in each year (n = 192 total steers for 1996 and 1997). Steers that grazed infected tall fescue in Mississippi had lower (P antioxidant activity in grazing steers, whereas Tasco seemed to increase antioxidant activity in both the forage and the grazing ruminant. Tasco may provide opportunities to reduce oxidative stress in plants and animals.

  3. Anatomical and histological researches on rootstock and scion compatibility in early period after grafting in avocado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Süleyman BAYRAM

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Avocado seedling rootstocks are used entirely due to easier and cheaper production in conditions of our country. However, a study on compatibility of scion and rootstock of varieties used as seedling rootstock, have not been produced in our country yet. Thus, seedlings of the 'Bacon', 'Fuerte', 'Hass' and 'Zutano' varieties produced as commercial varieties along with 'Topa Topa' and 'Mexicola' varieties used as a source of seedling rootstocks were studied under greenhouse conditions between the years 2009-2011. Determination of the scion and rootstock compatibility was purposed in the graft sections during certain periods after grafting of 'Hass' variety with these seedlings. As a result; graft union formations in samples of all combinations successfully realized in the anatomical and histological studies after 30 and 90 days from grafting and a negative finding regarding to incompatibility were not met. However, more studies should be made for determination of incompatibility that may arise in between rootstocks and scions in the later years.

  4. Development of a heterogeneous microwave network fade simulation tool applicable to networks that span Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paulson, Kevin S.; Basarudin, Hafiz

    2011-08-01

    Several research groups in Europe are developing joint channel simulators for arbitrarily complex networks of terrestrial and slant path, microwave telecommunications links. Currently, the Hull Rain Fade Network Simulator (HRFNS) developed at University of Hull can simulate rain fade on arbitrary terrestrial networks in the southern United Kingdom, producing joint rain fade time series with a 10 s integration time. This paper reports on work to broaden the function of the existing HRFNS to include slant paths such as Earth-space links and communications to high altitude platforms and unmanned airborne systems. The area of application of the new simulation tool is being extended to the whole of Europe, and other fade mechanisms are being included. Nimrod/OPERA has been chosen as the input meteorological data sets for the new system to simulate rain fade. Zero-degree isotherm heights taken from NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis Data are used in conjunction with the Eden-Bacon sleet (wet snow) model to introduce melting layer effects. Other fading mechanisms, including cloud fade, scintillation and absorption losses by atmospheric gasses, can be added to the simulator. The simulator is tested against ITU-R models for rain fade distribution experienced by terrestrial and Earth-space links in the southern United Kingdom. Statistics of fade dynamics, i.e., fade slope and fade duration, for a simulated Earth-space link are compared to International Telecommunication Union models.

  5. Engineering assessment of inactive uranium mill tailings, Shiprock site, Shiprock, New Mexico. Phase II, Title I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1977-03-31

    Ford, Bacon and Davis Utah Inc. has performed an engineering assessment of the problems resulting from the existence of radioactive uranium mill tailings at Shiprock, New Mexico. The Phase II, Title I services include the preparation of topographic maps, the performance of core drillings and radiometric measurements sufficient to determine areas and volumes of tailings and other radium-contaminated materials, the evaluation of resulting radiation exposures of individuals and nearby populations, the investigation of site hydrology and meteorology and the evaluation and costing of alternative corrective actions. Radon gas release from the 1.7 million tons of tailings at the Shiprock site constitutes the most significant environmental impact, although windblown tailings and external gamma radiation are also factors. The 11 alternative actions presented range from completion of the present ongoing EPA site decontamination plan (Option I), to stabilizing in-place with varying depths of cover material (Options II-IV), to removal to an isolated long-term disposal site (Options V-XI). All options include remedial action costs for off-site locations where tailings have been placed. Costs estimates for the 11 options range from $540,000 to $12,500,000. Reprocessing the tailings for uranium is not economically feasible.

  6. Optimizing a mobile robot control system using GPU acceleration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuck, Nat; McGuinness, Michael; Martin, Fred

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes our attempt to optimize a robot control program for the Intelligent Ground Vehicle Competition (IGVC) by running computationally intensive portions of the system on a commodity graphics processing unit (GPU). The IGVC Autonomous Challenge requires a control program that performs a number of different computationally intensive tasks ranging from computer vision to path planning. For the 2011 competition our Robot Operating System (ROS) based control system would not run comfortably on the multicore CPU on our custom robot platform. The process of profiling the ROS control program and selecting appropriate modules for porting to run on a GPU is described. A GPU-targeting compiler, Bacon, is used to speed up development and help optimize the ported modules. The impact of the ported modules on overall performance is discussed. We conclude that GPU optimization can free a significant amount of CPU resources with minimal effort for expensive user-written code, but that replacing heavily-optimized library functions is more difficult, and a much less efficient use of time.

  7. A kind of carbon whiskers in new structure and morphology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DONG; Jian

    2001-01-01

    [1]Endo, M., Saito, R., Dresselhaus, M. S. et al. From carbon fibers to nanotubes, in Carbon Nanotubes Preparations and Properties (ed. Ebbesen, T. W.), New York: CRC Press Inc., 1997, 54-66.[2]Baker, R. T. K., Baker, M. A., Harris, P. S. et al., Nucleation and growth of carbon deposits from the nickel catalyzed de-composition of acetylene, J.Catal., 1972, 26(7): 51.[3]Audier, M., Coulon, M., Kinetic and microscopic aspects of catalytic carbon growth, Carbon, 1985, 23(3): 317.[4]Oberlin, A., Endo, M., Koyama, T., High resolution microscope observations of graphitized carbon fibers, Carbon, 1976, 14(1): 133.[5]Bacon, R., Growth, structure, and properties of graphite whiskers, Journal of Applied Physics, 1960, 31(2): 283.[6]Murayama, H., Maeda, M., A novel form of filamentous graphite, Nature, 1990, 345(28): 791.[7]Pimpinelli, A., Villain, J., Physics of Crystal Growth, New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998, 62-64.[8]Minkoff, I., Solidification and Cast Structure, Chichester: Wiley, 1986, 42-47.[9]Pierson, H. O., Handbook of Carbon, Graphite, Diamond, and Fullerenes: Properties, Processing, and Applications, Park Ridge: Noyes Publications, 1993, 151.[10]Bennema, P., Spiral growth and surface roughing: Developments since Burton, Cabrera and Frank, Journal of Crystal Growth, 1984, 69(2): 182.

  8. Hidden attraction the history and mystery of magnetism

    CERN Document Server

    Verschuur, Gerrit L

    1996-01-01

    Long one of nature''s most fascinating phenomena, magnetism was once the subject of many superstitions. Magnets were thought useful to thieves, effective as a love potion or as a cure for gout or spasms. They could remove sorcery from women and put demons to flight and even reconcile married couples. It was said that a lodestone pickled in the salt of sucking fish had the power to attract gold. Today, these beliefs have been put aside, but magnetism is no less remarkable for our modern understanding of it. In Hidden Attraction, Gerrit L. Verschuur, a noted astronomer and National Book Award nominee for The Invisible Universe, traces the history of our fascination with magnetism, from the first discovery of magnets in Greece, to state-of-the-art theories that see magnetism as a basic force in the universe. The book begins with the early debunking of superstitions by Peter Peregrinus (Pierre de Maricourt), whom Roger Bacon hailed as one of the world''s first experimental scientists (Perigrinus held that "experi...

  9. Current approaches towards quantitative mapping of the interactome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander eBuntru

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Protein-protein interactions (PPIs play a key role in many, if not all, cellular processes. Disease is often caused by perturbation of PPIs, as recently indicated by studies of missense mutations. To understand the associations of proteins and to unravel the global picture of PPIs in the cell, different experimental detection techniques for PPIs have been established. Genetic and biochemical methods such as the yeast two-hybrid (Y2H system or affinity purification-based approaches are well suited to high-throughput, proteome-wide screening and are mainly used to obtain qualitative results. However, they have been criticized for not reflecting the cellular situation or the dynamic nature of PPIs. In this review, we provide an overview of various genetic methods that go beyond qualitative detection and allow quantitative measuring of PPIs in mammalian cells, such as DULIP, FRET or LUMIER with BACON. We discuss the strengths and weaknesses of different techniques and their potential applications in biomedical research.

  10. I awake, she slept. Sor Juana Ines and Juan Rulfo or the new Latin American poetic condition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hoover Delgado

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article examines how Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz and Juan Rulfo, in dialogue with the literary tradition –especially with the work of Dante, Gongorism and the modern tradition– build a Latin American poetic condition. To that end, it studies the long oneiric ascent of Sor Juana, in First Dream; and Susana San Juan’s story, in Pedro Paramo. For the analysis, it goes to the concepts of resistance when suffering and the signals to transcendence provided by Maria Zambrano in her reflections on the essential condition of the human. It explains how Sor Juana and Susana San Juan offer such resistance: Sor Juana through the journey of knowledge, the sovereignty of the body, the exposure of the precariousness of life and the metaphor of the ascent; Susana, through the fall, madness and eroticism. Finally, it interprets in both characters, the appropriation of the signs of transcendence: the revaluation of the moment, of dreams and the creation-destruction of the divine. It concludes by showing how Sor Juana takes the momentum that starts in Europe with Montaigne, Bacon, the Renaissance and the Golden Age and proposes significant transformations that allow speaking of a different poetic condition. And how Rulfo, starting from the American mythic-religious condition, the non-place, the ontological indefiniteness, stops at the image of Purgatory: showing there the luminous consciousness, the unleashed eroticism and the sacralized madness of Susana as a relief, a possibility of leakage and human of redemption of the sentence.

  11. 低位直肠癌保肛术式的选择%Sphincter-preserving surgery in patients with lower rectal cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄平; 杨小冬; 王锋; 沈杰; 李小腾; 陈贤贵

    2009-01-01

    目的 对低位直肠癌保肛术式的选择方法进行探讨.方法 2003年1月至2008年1月期间,对137例低位直肠癌按无瘤原则行保肛术,术中将血供良好的结肠断端无张力拉下吻合,恢复肠道肛管的连续性.结果 行双吻合器低位前切除术102例中,91例直肠癌基底距肛缘6~8 cm,11例直肠癌基底距肛缘5~6 cm,后者肿瘤均位于直肠后壁;行Parks术或改良Bacon术35例中,直肠癌基底距肛缘均为5~6 cm.Parks术19例均为乙状结肠与肛管吻合;改良Bacon术16例均行降结肠经肛管拖出手术.结论 对肿瘤基底距肛缘6~8 cm和少数较瘦患者、基底距肛缘5~6 cm、且肿块位于直肠后壁的低位直肠癌可以采用双吻合器低位前切除术.对肿瘤基底距肛缘5~6 cm的低位直肠癌,可以行Parks术或改良Bacon术,其中乙状结肠较长时可以行乙状结肠与肛管吻合的Parks术;乙状结肠长度不够时可以游离结肠脾曲或左半结肠,行降结肠经肛管拉出的改良Bacon术.%Objective To evaluate different operative modalities for sphincter-preserving procedures in patients of lower rectal cancer. Methods A total of 137 patients with lower rectal cancer underwent sphincter-perserving surgery between January 2003 and January 2008. In the operation, the proximal colon with satisfactory blood supply was pulled down to reestablish intestinal continuity without any tension. Results Among the 137 patients, 102 patients underwent low anterior resection by double stapling technique, 16 patients were dealed with the Parks operation, 19 patients were dealed with the modified Bacon operation. In the double-stapling technique group, the distance between the anal verge and inferior margin of the tumor was 6-8 cm in 91 patients and 5-6 cm in 11 patients whose tumors were located at posterior rectal wall. In the other two groups, the distance between the anal verge and inferior margin of the tumor was 5-6 cm. In the Parks operation

  12. Quality and safety assessment of meat products obtained by traditional romanian recipes

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    Adriana Morar

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Meat products obtained following traditional recipes are considered healthy foods, with superior sensory characteristics, being highly appreciated by consumers. This study aimed to evaluate the quality and safety of 18 meat products obtained by traditional receipts, including raw/smoked pork sausages (n=3, loin (n=1, bacon (n=2, kaizer (n=1, ham (n=1, spareribs (n=1, pork pastrami (n=1, and sausages prepared from edible meat offal of pork (n=8. All samples were bacteriologically examined (Salmonella, L. monocytogenes and E. coli. Also, moisture, fat, total protein, salt and nitrite contents were quantified. All products were Salmonella and L. monocytogenes free. E. coli was recovered in two samples (11.1%, a smoked pork sausage and a sausage prepared from edible meat offal of pork, at levels between 1.5 log and 3.25 log cfu/g. Moisture ranged from 17.21 to 67.46%, fat 17.37–62.18%, protein 8.13–23.18%, sodium chloride 1.50–6.39%, and nitrites <10–35 ppm, respectively. In two samples (11.1% of smoked meat products the salt content exceeded the maximum limits allowed by law. These results have shown that meat products obtained by traditional recipes are nutritive and safety. However, some varieties of meat products with high salt concentrations should be avoided by persons with dietary salt restriction.

  13. Aroma extraction dilution analysis of Sauternes wines. Key role of polyfunctional thiols.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailly, Sabine; Jerkovic, Vesna; Marchand-Brynaert, Jacqueline; Collin, Sonia

    2006-09-20

    The aim of the present work was to investigate Sauternes wine aromas. In all wine extracts, polyfunctional thiols were revealed to have a huge impact. A very strong bacon-petroleum odor emerged at RI = 845 from a CP-Sil5-CB column. Two thiols proved to participate in this perception: 3-methyl-3-sulfanylbutanal and 2-methylfuran-3-thiol. A strong synergetic effect was evidenced between the two compounds. The former, never mentioned before in wines, and not found in the musts of this study, is most probably synthesized during fermentation. 3-Methylbut-2-ene-1-thiol, 3-sulfanylpropyl acetate, 3-sulfanylhexan-1-ol, and 3-sulfanylheptanal also contribute to the global aromas of Sauternes wines. Among other key odorants, the presence of a varietal aroma (alpha-terpineol), sotolon, fermentation alcohols (3-methylbutan-1-ol and 2-phenylethanol) and esters (ethyl butyrate, ethyl hexanoate, and ethyl isovalerate), carbonyls (trans-non-2-enal and beta-damascenone), and wood flavors (guaiacol, vanillin, eugenol, beta-methyl-gamma-octalactone, and Furaneol) is worth stressing.

  14. Mediate gamma radiation effects on some packaged food items

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inamura, Patricia Y.; Uehara, Vanessa B.; Teixeira, Christian A. H. M.; del Mastro, Nelida L.

    2012-08-01

    For most of prepackaged foods a 10 kGy radiation dose is considered the maximum dose needed; however, the commercially available and practically accepted packaging materials must be suitable for such application. This work describes the application of ionizing radiation on several packaged food items, using 5 dehydrated food items, 5 ready-to-eat meals and 5 ready-to-eat food items irradiated in a 60Co gamma source with a 3 kGy dose. The quality evaluation of the irradiated samples was performed 2 and 8 months after irradiation. Microbiological analysis (bacteria, fungus and yeast load) was performed. The sensory characteristics were established for appearance, aroma, texture and flavor attributes were also established. From these data, the acceptability of all irradiated items was obtained. All ready-to-eat food items assayed like manioc flour, some pâtés and blocks of raw brown sugar and most of ready-to-eat meals like sausages and chicken with legumes were considered acceptable for microbial and sensory characteristics. On the other hand, the dehydrated food items chosen for this study, such as dehydrated bacon potatoes or pea soups were not accepted by the sensory analysis. A careful dose choice and special irradiation conditions must be used in order to achieve sensory acceptability needed for the commercialization of specific irradiated food items.

  15. Kaftas prepared with V-shaped filleting chips of the Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus exposed to smoking techniques

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    Maria Luiza Rodrigues de Souza

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Kaftas with V-shaped filleting chips of the Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus were developed and the effects of the smoking technique on the characteristics of chemical composition, microbiological, sensory and benzo(apyrene were investigated. The filleting chips were ground and filleting included condiments and bacon. Kaftas were molded, frozen and distributed in a completely randomized design with three treatments (T 1 = baked in a grid; T 2 = smoked by friction and T 3 = smoked by liquid smoke with 10 replications. The kaftas subjected to hot smoke had lower moisture content (13.97%, whereas the no-smoking kaftas had the highest content (20.49%. Kaftas with liquid smoke had high crude protein content (48.06% and ash (9.49%, whereas the ash content was different only from no-smoking kaftas (8.79%. There was no significant difference in sensory parameters, except for flavor; smoked kaftas with liquid smoke were more accepted by the judges and the worst kaftas were no-smoked kaftas. Microbiological analysis showed that kaftas developed were appropriate to feed human beings within the required standards. Chips filleting is an alternative for the development of kaftas and those subjected to liquid smoke were considered the best.

  16. [Euthanasia in history and the present - in the spectrum between euthanasia and terminal care].

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Engelhardt, Dietrich

    2010-01-01

    Euthanasia signifies in antiquity an easy and happy death and not at all an active termination of life, which was forbidden in the Hippocratic oath, but justified by philosophers. In the Christian middle ages active euthanasia and abortion are explicitly refused. At the beginnings of modern times MORE (1516) and BACON (1623) plead for euthanasia and differentiate for the first time between "euthanasia interior" as a mental preparation and "euthanasia exterior" as a physical and direct termination of life. Around 1900 a change takes place--in medicine as well as in the humanities and arts. The lawyer Karl BINDING and the psychiatrist Alfred HOCHE (1920) support active euthanasia in the case of mental deficiency; similar views are taken by the population. Under the "Third Reich" euthanasia unlawfully is carried out as termination of life without or even against consent. Today oaths, declarations and laws are intended to prevent such a "medicine without humanity" (MITSCHERLICH and MIELKE 1947). Active voluntary euthanasia is under certain conditions allowed by the legislation in some countries (Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg). Essential seem the consideration of different types of euthanasia and above all a psychical-mental assistance in the process of dying. The height of culture is measured by dealing with death and dying.

  17. Boundary processes traced by neodymium isotopes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeandel, C.; Lacan, F.

    2003-04-01

    Continental margins have been identified as preferential sites for removing of reactive elements from the ocean, on the base of U-series measurements (more specifically 231Pa/230Th). This process is called boundary scavenging (Bacon, 1988). Five years of neodymium isotopes data in water masses along the ocean margins (Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Greenland-Scotland ridge and Labrador Sea) suggests that Nd is transferred from the sediments to the ocean but the reverse also occurs via the so-called boundary scavenging. These processes are only detectable by isotopic ratio measurements because they affect the isotopic signature of the water mass coming in contact with the margin, without changing its concentration. They can involve much higher fluxes than net input processes: for example, the modification of the AAIW signature along the Papua New Guinea slope involves exchange processes only (Lacan and Jeandel, 2001). Since we suspect that such processes not only affect the Nd oceanic chemistry but also the chemical fate of other reactive elements in the ocean, we suggest that the concept of boundary scavenging should be extended to "boundary exchange".

  18. An Evaluation of the Effects of the Australian Food and Health Dialogue Targets on the Sodium Content of Bread, Breakfast Cereals and Processed Meats

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    Helen Trevena

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The Australian Food and Health Dialogue set sodium reduction targets for three food categories (breads, ready-to-eat breakfast cereals and processed meats to be achieved by December, 2013. Sodium levels for 1849 relevant packaged foods on the shelves of Australian supermarkets between 2010 and 2013 were examined. Changes in mean sodium content were assessed by linear mixed models, and the significance of differences in the proportion of products meeting targets was determined using chi-squared or McNemar’s tests. The mean sodium level of bread products fell from 454 to 415 mg/100 g (9% lower, p < 0.001, and the proportion reaching target rose from 42% to 67% (p < 0.005. The mean sodium content of breakfast cereals also fell substantially from 316 to 237 mg/100 g (25% lower, p < 0.001 over the study period. The decline in mean sodium content of bacon/ham/cured meats from 1215 to 1114 mg/100 g (8% lower, p = 0.001 was smaller, but associated with a rise in the proportion meeting the target from 28% to 47%. Declines in mean sodium content did not appreciably differ between companies that did and did not make public commitments to the targets. These data show that the Australian food industry can reduce salt levels of processed foods and provide a strong case for broadening and strengthening of the Food and Health Dialogue (FHD process.

  19. Engineering assessment of inactive uranium mill tailings, Naturita site, Naturita, Colorado. Phase II, Title I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1977-11-01

    Ford, Bacon and Davis Utah Inc. has performed an engineering assessment of the problems resulting from the existence of radioactive uranium mill tailings at Naturita, Colorado. The Phase II, Title I services include the preparation of topographic maps, the performance of core drillings sufficient to determine areas and volumes of tailings, the performance of radiometric measurements to determine the extent of radium contamination, the evaluation of resulting radiation exposures of individuals and nearby populations, the investigation of site hydrology and meteorology, and the costing of alternative corrective actions. Radon gas release from the 704,000 tons of tailings at the Naturita site constitutes the most significant environmental impact although windblown tailings and external gamma radiation are also factors. Ranchers Exploration and Development Company has been licensed by the State of Colorado to reprocess the tailings at a location 3 mi from the present site where they will be stabilized for long-term storage. The remedial action options include remedial action for structures in Naturita and Nucla (Option I) at an estimated cost of $270,000 and remedial action for structures and open land adjacent to the tailings site (Option II) at an estimated cost of $950,000.

  20. Reprezentarea cunoaşterii de la schemele de clasificare la Web-ul semantic (I

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    Silvia-Adriana Tomescu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available În acest eseu ne propunem să investigăm cunoaşterea ca modalitate de reprezentare a lumilor posibile prin scheme de clasificare, taxonomii, ontologii si web semantic. Ne concentrăm investigaţia pe coordonata istorică şi pe metodele şi limbajele de reprezentare. În acest sens, am investigat preocupările de clasificare a cunoştinţelor, de la perioada biblică în care metafora copacului concentra esenţa cunoaşterii, la clasificarea lui Francis Bacon şi mai apoi la Paul Otlet, am analizat limbajele utilizate in cîmpurile ştiinţifice şi ulterior în cel al ştiinţei informării, cu accent pe optimizările aduse de ICT: hypertext si web semantic. Am acordat o atenţie deosebită metodelor de construcţie a cunoaşterii prin limbaj matematic şi standarde de interschimb. Justificarea abordării vine din fundamental filosofic şi logic al reprezentării cunoaşterii care subliniază idea că numai domeniile ştiinţifice bine structurate pot asigura progresul societăţii.