WorldWideScience

Sample records for back-to-back power converters

  1. Power flow controller with a fractionally rated back-to-back converter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Divan, Deepakraj M.; Kandula, Rajendra Prasad; Prasai, Anish

    2016-03-08

    A power flow controller with a fractionally rated back-to-back (BTB) converter is provided. The power flow controller provide dynamic control of both active and reactive power of a power system. The power flow controller inserts a voltage with controllable magnitude and phase between two AC sources at the same frequency; thereby effecting control of active and reactive power flows between the two AC sources. A transformer may be augmented with a fractionally rated bi-directional Back to Back (BTB) converter. The fractionally rated BTB converter comprises a transformer side converter (TSC), a direct-current (DC) link, and a line side converter (LSC). By controlling the switches of the BTB converter, the effective phase angle between the two AC source voltages may be regulated, and the amplitude of the voltage inserted by the power flow controller may be adjusted with respect to the AC source voltages.

  2. Advanced Control Strategy of Back-to-Back PWM Converters in PMSG Wind Power System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tan Luong Van

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a control scheme of back-to-back PWM converters for the permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG wind turbine system. The DC-link voltage can be controlled at the machine-side converter (MSC, while the grid-side converter (GSC controls the grid active power for a maximum power point tracking (MPPT. At the grid fault condition, the DC-link voltage controller is designed using a feedback linearization (FL theory. For the MPPT, a proportional control loop is added to the torque control to reduce the influence of the inertia moment in the wind turbines, which can improve its dynamic performance. The validity of this control algorithm has been verified by the simulation of the 2-MW PMSG wind turbine system.

  3. Predictive Current Control of a 7-level AC-DC back-to-back Converter for Universal and Flexible Power Management System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bifaretti, Steffano; Zanchetta, Pericle; Iov, Florin;

    2008-01-01

    The paper proposes a novel power conversion system for Universal and Flexible Power Management (UNIFLEX-PM) in Future Electricity Network. Its structure is based on a back-to-back three-phase AC-DC 7-level converter; each AC side is connected to a different PCC, representing the main grid and/or ...... numerous network conditions such as voltage unbalance, frequency excursions and harmonic distortion....

  4. Flicker Mitigation by Active Power Control of Variable-Speed Wind Turbines With Full-Scale Back-to-Back Power Converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hu, Weihao; Chen, Zhe; Wang, Zhaoan; Wang, Yue

    2009-01-01

    Grid-connected wind turbines are fluctuating power sources that may produce flicker during continuous operation.This paper presents a simulation model of a megawatt-level variablespeed wind turbine with a full-scale back-to-back power converter developed in the simulation tool of PSCAD/EMTDC. Fli......Grid-connected wind turbines are fluctuating power sources that may produce flicker during continuous operation.This paper presents a simulation model of a megawatt-level variablespeed wind turbine with a full-scale back-to-back power converter developed in the simulation tool of PSCAD....../EMTDC. Flicker emission of this system is investigated. Reactive power compensation is mostly adopted for flicker mitigation. However, the flicker mitigation technique shows its limits, when the grid impedance angle is low in some distribution networks. A new method of flicker mitigation by controlling active...... power is proposed. It smoothes the 3p active power oscillations from wind shear and tower shadow effects of the wind turbine by varying the dc-link voltage of the full-scale converter. Simulation results show that damping the 3p active power oscillation by using the flicker mitigation controller is an...

  5. Effect of Short-Circuit Faults in the Back-to-Back Power Electronic Converter and Rotor Terminals on the Operational Behavior of the Doubly-Fed Induction Generator Wind Energy Conversion System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimitrios G. Giaourakis

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the operational behavior of the Doubly-Fed Induction Generator Wind Energy Conversion System under power electronic converter and rotor terminals faulty conditions. More specifically, the effect of the short-circuit fault both in one IGBT of the back-to-back power electronic converter and in rotor phases on the overall system behavior has been investigated via simulation using a system of 2 MW. Finally, the consequences of these faults have been evaluated.

  6. Harmonic models of a back-to-back converter in large offshore wind farms compared with measurement data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kocewiak, Lukasz Hubert; Hjerrild, Jesper; Bak, Claus Leth

    2009-01-01

    The offshore wind farm with installed back-to-back power converter in wind turbines is studied. As an example the Burbo Bank offshore wind farm with Siemens Wind Power wind turbines is taken into consideration. The wind farm is simulated in DIgSILENT Power Factory software in order to determine and...

  7. Open-Switch Fault Detection Method of a Back-to-Back Converter Using NPC Topology for Wind Turbine Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lee, June-Seok; Lee, Kyo_Beum; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2015-01-01

    In wind turbine generation (WTG) systems, a back-to-back converter with a neutral-point-clamped (NPC) topology is widely used because this topology has more advantages than a conventional two-level topology, particularly when operating at high power. There are 12 switches in the NPC topology. An...

  8. Harmonic models of a back-to-back converter in large offshore wind farms compared with measurement data

    OpenAIRE

    Kocewiak, Lukasz Hubert; Hjerrild, Jesper; Bak, Claus Leth

    2009-01-01

    The offshore wind farm with installed back-to-back power converter in wind turbines is studied. As an example the Burbo Bank offshore wind farm with Siemens Wind Power wind turbines is taken into consideration. The wind farm is simulated in DIgSILENT Power Factory software in order to determine and assess harmonic emission in the point of common coupling. Different modelling methods of power electronic devices installed in wind turbines are presented. Harmonic load flow analysis and impedance...

  9. Flexible distribution systems through the application of multi back-to-back converters. Concept, implementation and experimental verification

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Graaff, R.A.A.

    2010-05-26

    The objective of the research project is to investigate the use of a multi back-to-back converter to support the transition to active distribution networks. The investigation must explicitly not focus on finding the optimal power electronics topology, but rather on defining the role that such a device can play in a power distribution system and on the proof of principle. The possible tasks of this device are to actively control power flow and to maintain power quality and stability, both during normal operation and during fault conditions in medium voltage networks with distributed generation. The combination of this versatile converter system and the control and protection systems that define its functionality are in this thesis denoted as the Intelligent Node (IN). Research questions are: (1) Which are the main benefits of multi back-to-back converter devices in distribution systems?; (2) How and under which conditions can these benefits be achieved? What controls should be adopted?; (3) Which are the specific aspects that distinguish the application of the multi back-to-back devices in distribution systems from similar applications in transmission systems?; (4) Can this be demonstrated on a laboratory-scale set-up?Chapter 2 Distribution systems The relevant aspects of distribution systems are discussed. This includes power quality considerations, redundancy aspects, and voltage control methods. Chapter 3 (FACTS in distribution systems) describes power flow control principles. Also an overview is given of the state-of-the-art of power electronic applications for power flow control in electrical power systems. Chapter 4 (Functional concept of the Intelligent Node) gives the proposed functional concept for the application of a multi back-to-back converter device as IN (Intelligent Node). The applications are developed on a functional level, with the device at a black-box level. To satisfy the resulting requirements several technology options are analyzed, ending

  10. A Back-to-Back 2L-3L Grid Integration of a Marine Current Energy Converter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Senad Apelfröjd

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper proposes a back-to-back 2L-3L grid connection topology for a marine current energy converter. A prototype marine current energy converter has been deployed by a research group at Uppsala University. The concept behind the prototype revolves around a fixed pitch vertical axis turbine directly connected to a permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG. The proposed grid connection system utilizes a well known and proven two level voltage source converter generator-side combined with a three-level cascaded H-bridge (CHB multilevel converter grid-side. The multilevel converter brings benefits in terms of efficiency, power quality and DC-link utilization. The system is here presented for a single marine current energy converter but can easily be scaled up for clusters of marine current energy converters. Control schemes for both grid-side and generator-side voltage source converters are presented. The start-up, steady state and dynamic performance of the marine current energy converter are investigated and simulation results are presented in this paper.

  11. Space Vector Modulation for DC-Link Current Ripple Reduction in Back-To-Back Current Source Converters for Microgrid Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guo, Xiaoqiang; Xu, David; Guerrero, Josep M.;

    2015-01-01

    Back-to-back converters have been typically used to interconnect the microgrids. For a back-to-back current source converter, the dc-link current ripple is one of the important parameters. A large ripple will cause the electromagnetic interference, undesirable high-frequency losses, and system in...... significantly reduced by adjusting the gate patterns of space vector modulation (SVM) between the rectifier and inverter in a back-to-back converter. The experimental results verify the effectiveness of the proposed method....

  12. Space Vector Modulation for DC-Link Current Ripple Reduction in Back-To-Back Current Source Converters for Microgrid Applications

    OpenAIRE

    GUO, XIAOQIANG; Xu, David; Josep M. Guerrero; Wu, Bin

    2015-01-01

    Back-to-back converters have been typically used to interconnect the microgrids. For a back-to-back current source converter, the dc-link current ripple is one of the important parameters. A large ripple will cause the electromagnetic interference, undesirable high-frequency losses, and system instability. Conventionally, with a given switching frequency and rated voltage, the current ripple can be reduced by increasing the dc-link inductor, but it leads to bulky size, high cost and slow dyna...

  13. A back to back multilevel converter for driving low inductance brushless AC machines

    OpenAIRE

    Minshull, S.; Bingham, Chris; Foster, M.P.; Stone, D. A.

    2007-01-01

    Traditionally, multilevel converters are utilised in medium voltage applications, allowing the DC-link voltage to exceed the switch maximum blocking voltage. Here, their application to control high- efficiency brushless permanent magnet synchronous machines exhibiting low phase inductance is explored, the relative advantages being shown to include reduced current ripple and improved harmonic spectrum. A cost benefit analysis is included along with experimental results from a prototype 5-level...

  14. Self-tuning resonant control of a 7-leg back-to-back converter for interfacing variable speed generators to 4-wire loads

    OpenAIRE

    Cardenas, Roberto; Espina, Enrique; Clare, Jon C.; Wheeler, Patrick

    2015-01-01

    This paper considers the control of a 7-leg back-to-back Voltage Source Inverter (VSI) arrangement feeding a 4-wire load from a 3-phase Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator (PMSG) operating at variable speed. The PMSG is controlled using a sensorless Model Reference Adaptive System (MRAS) to obtain the rotor position angle. The 7-leg converter is regulated using Resonant Controllers (RCs) at the load side and self-tuning resonant controllers at the generator side. The control system is augm...

  15. A SVPWM based on fluctuate capacitor voltage in 3L-NPC back-to-back converter applied to wind energy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chen, Quan; Wang, Qunjing; Chen, Zhe;

    2014-01-01

    between the fluctuate voltage of upper and lower capacitors is extracted. Based on this error factor the duty-time of every active voltage vector is calculated. In order to validate the model and the control strategy proposed in this paper, a 2MW 3L-NPC converter used in wind energy has been simulated.......' voltage, will cause variations of the voltage vector and the dwell time distribution in the synthesizing algorithm. In this paper a novel space vector PWM (SVPWM) for back-to-back 3L-NPC converter when unbalanced neutral point potential occurring is proposed. An error factor based on the difference...

  16. Investigation into the Control Methods to Reduce the DC-Link Capacitor Ripple Current in a Back-to-Back Converter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Qin, Zian; Wang, Huai; Blaabjerg, Frede;

    2014-01-01

    .g. ambient temperature, humidity, etc.) and operating stresses (e.g. voltage, ripple current). This paper serves to investigate the ways of reducing ripple current stresses of DC-link capacitors in back-toback converters. The outcome could benefit to achieve either an extended lifetime for a designed DC......Three-phase back-to-back converters have a wide range of applications (e.g. wind turbines) in which the reliability and cost-effectiveness are of great concern. Among other components and interconnections, DC-link capacitors are one of the weak links influenced by environmental stresses (e...

  17. Investigation into the Control Methods to Reduce the DC-Link Capacitor Ripple Current in a Back-to-Back Converter

    OpenAIRE

    Qin, Zian; Wang, Huai; Blaabjerg, Frede; Loh, Poh Chiang

    2014-01-01

    Three-phase back-to-back converters have a wide range of applications (e.g. wind turbines) in which the reliability and cost-effectiveness are of great concern. Among other components and interconnections, DC-link capacitors are one of the weak links influenced by environmental stresses (e.g. ambient temperature, humidity, etc.) and operating stresses (e.g. voltage, ripple current). This paper serves to investigate the ways of reducing ripple current stresses of DC-link capacitors in back-tob...

  18. Analysis of Harmonic Coupling and Stability in Back-to-Back Converter Systems for Wind Turbines using Harmonic State Space (HSS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kwon, Jun Bum; Wang, Xiongfei; Bak, Claus Leth;

    2015-01-01

    is urgently important issues in harmonic studies on wind farm. However, the conventional modeling procedure and simplified model for controller design are not enough to analyze such complicated systems. Besides, they have many limitations in terms of including a non-linear component, different operating...... method. The modeling and analysis results are remarkable that this model can include non-linear component and also show different operating points and harmonic coupling point, where this means each wind power converter can show the different impedance characteristics. The developed model can easily...

  19. Analysis of Harmonic Coupling and Stability in Back-to-Back Converter Systems for Wind Turbines using Harmonic State Space (HSS)

    OpenAIRE

    Kwon, Jun Bum; Wang, Xiongfei; Bak, Claus Leth; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2015-01-01

    Understanding about harmonic propagation in wind turbine converter is fundamental to research the influence of these on a large network harmonic distortion. Therefore, the analysis of wind turbine converter harmonic spectrum as well as the influence of converter operating point into the network is urgently important issues in harmonic studies on wind farm. However, the conventional modeling procedure and simplified model for controller design are not enough to analyze such complicated systems...

  20. Complete Localization of HVDC Back-to-Back Project Realized

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu Xinqiang; Liang Xuming; Wang Zuli; Ye Qing

    2006-01-01

    The first completely localized DC back-to-back project for asynchronous interconnection between Northwest and Central China plays an important role in realizing national power grid interconnection, spurring indigenous manufacturing industries and promoting DC transmission equipment. Insisting on the principle of autonomous innovation, this project was based on domestic forces in every aspect, from engineering organization, system design, equipment completion, engineering design, equipment manufacturing and procurement to construction and debugging. By passing through strict quality control, intermediate supervision and acceptance test and assessment, the project has been proved up to world advanced level.

  1. Initial Back-to-Back Fission Chamber Testing in ATRC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Benjamin Chase; Troy Unruh; Joy Rempe

    2014-06-01

    Development and testing of in-pile, real-time neutron sensors for use in Materials Test Reactor experiments is an ongoing project at Idaho National Laboratory. The Advanced Test Reactor National Scientific User Facility has sponsored a series of projects to evaluate neutron detector options in the Advanced Test Reactor Critical Facility (ATRC). Special hardware was designed and fabricated to enable testing of the detectors in the ATRC. Initial testing of Self-Powered Neutron Detectors and miniature fission chambers produced promising results. Follow-on testing required more experiment hardware to be developed. The follow-on testing used a Back-to-Back fission chamber with the intent to provide calibration data, and a means of measuring spectral indices. As indicated within this document, this is the first time in decades that BTB fission chambers have been used in INL facilities. Results from these fission chamber measurements provide a baseline reference for future measurements with Back-to-Back fission chambers.

  2. Analysis of Unusual State in Back-to-back Synchronous Start Process in Tongbai Pumped Storage Power Station%桐柏电厂背靠背启动过程中异常现象的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈小强; 章亮; 何灵子; 潘菊芳

    2011-01-01

    背靠背拖动是抽水蓄能电站特有的一种启动方式,它需要两台机组配合,利用本电站另一台容量足够的水轮发电机作为电源,一台机组作为同步发电机由水轮机驱动零起升速,另一台则作为同步电动机被发电机驱动零起升速,直到达到同步转速后并网.通常作为变频起动装置起动的后备手段,具有启动速度快,可靠性高的优点.文章通过分析桐柏电站机组控制系统图纸,详细解释了背靠背启动抽水调相过程中一台机组状态丢失对另外一台机组的影响,并分析产生原因以及相应的解决方法.%Back-to-back synchronous starting is a particular start mode with 2 units coordinate,which takes another unit with sufficient volume as power.One acts as synchronous generator to drive to step up from zero and the other is taken as synchronous motor to drive to step up from zero,until sync-speed to merge into grid,which is usually used as the back-up means of frequency conversion set with the advantages of fast-startup and high-reliability.The article detailed explains the affection to the other unit when the state-failure of one unit occurs in the process of the pump-phase modulation based on the analysis on the control system drawing papers of Tongbai Pumped Storage Power Station,at the same time,to analyze the reasons and the solutions.

  3. 抽水蓄能机组背靠背启动中跳闸技术改造方案%Transformation on the Fault Trip during Back-to-back Starting of Pumped-storage Power Station

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常永亮; 张兵海; 王勇; 何忠华

    2011-01-01

    针对抽水蓄能机组在背靠背拖动过程中若发生电气或机械故障跳闸,当跳开拖动机组和被拖动机组的灭磁开关的时间差过大时,会在启动回路中产生很大的短路电流,引起继电保护误动作,严重时会损毁启动回路的电气设备,提出一种抽水蓄能机组背靠背跳闸技术改造方案,通过在机组保护系统中添加“跳相邻机组单元”接点,与“跳本机组”接点同时动作,达到同时跳开拖动和被拖动机组灭磁开关的目的.技术改造后的试验证明了方案的正确性和有效性.%When the trip is occurred during the back-to-back starting of pumped-storage units as electrical or mechanical faults and there is a larger time difference between the field breaking switches, the large short -circuit current will be generated in the starting circuits and leads to the malfunction of relay protection, even to damage the electrical equipments of starting circuit in a severe condition. A trip transformation was presented for the back-to-back starting of pumped-storage units, in which, the contact of "Breaking adjacent unit" was added in protection system and will be simultaneously operated with the contact of "Breaking local unit" to meet the requirements on breaking the units on the same time. The tests show that the transformation program is effective.

  4. Electromechanical resistive switching via back-to-back Schottky junctions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The physics of the electromechanical resistive switching is uncovered using the theory of back-to-back Schottky junctions combined with the quantum domain space charge transport. A theoretical model of the basic element of resistive switching devices realized by the metal-ZnO nanowires-metal structure has been created and analyzed. Simulation results show that the reverse biased Schottky junction and the air gap impedance dominate the current-voltage relation at higher external voltages; thereby electromechanically varying the air gap thickness causes the device exhibit resistive tuning characteristics. As the device dimension is in nanometre scale, investigation of the model based on quantum mechanics has also been conducted

  5. Electromechanical resistive switching via back-to-back Schottky junctions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Lijie, E-mail: L.Li@swansea.ac.uk [College of Engineering, Swansea University, Swansea, SA2 8PP (United Kingdom)

    2015-09-15

    The physics of the electromechanical resistive switching is uncovered using the theory of back-to-back Schottky junctions combined with the quantum domain space charge transport. A theoretical model of the basic element of resistive switching devices realized by the metal-ZnO nanowires-metal structure has been created and analyzed. Simulation results show that the reverse biased Schottky junction and the air gap impedance dominate the current-voltage relation at higher external voltages; thereby electromechanically varying the air gap thickness causes the device exhibit resistive tuning characteristics. As the device dimension is in nanometre scale, investigation of the model based on quantum mechanics has also been conducted.

  6. Ancillary Frequency Control of Direct Drive Full-Scale Converter Based Wind Power Plants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hu, Weihao; Su, Chi; Fang, Jiakun; Chen, Zhe; Hu, Yanting

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a simulation model of a wind power plant based on a MW-level variable speed wind turbine with a full-scale back-to-back power converter developed in the simulation tool of DIgSILENT Power Factory. Three different kinds of ancillary frequency control strategies, namely inertia...

  7. Enhanced control of DFIG-used back-to-back PWM VSC under unbalanced grid voltage conditions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents a unified positive- and negative-sequence dual-dq dynamic model of wind-turbine driven doublyfed induction generator (DFIG) under unbalanced grid voltage conditions. Strategies for enhanced control and operation of a DFIG-used back-to-back (BTB) PWM voltage source converter (VSC) are proposed. The modified control design for the grid-side converter in the stationary αβ frames diminishes the amplitude of DC-link voltage ripples of twice the grid frequency, and the two proposed control targets for the rotor-side converter are alternatively achieved, which, as a result, improve the fault-ride through (FRT) capability of the DFIG based wind power generation systems during unbalanced network supply. A complete unbalanced control scheme with both grid- and rotor-side converters included is designed. Finally, simulation was carried out on a 1.5 MW wind-turbine driven DFIG system and the validity of the developed unified model and the feasibility of the proposed control strategies are all confirmed by the simulated results.

  8. Thermal behavior optimization in multi-MW wind power converter by reactive power circulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhou, Dao; Blaabjerg, Frede; Lau, Mogens;

    2013-01-01

    In the paper, an actively controlled reactive power influence to the thermal behavior of multi-MW wind power converter with Doubly-Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) is investigated. The allowable range of internal reactive power circulation is firstly mapped depending on the DC-link voltage as well as...... the induction generator and power device capacity. Then the effects of reactive power circulation towards current characteristic and thermal distribution of the two-level back-to-back power converter is analyzed and compared. Finally the thermal-oriented reactive power is introduced to the system in...

  9. Thermal Behavior Optimization in Multi-MW Wind Power Converter by Reactive Power Circulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhou, Dao; Blaabjerg, Frede; Lau, Mogens;

    2014-01-01

    The influence of actively controlled reactive power on the thermal behavior of multi-MW wind power converter with a Doubly-Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) is investigated. First, the allowable range of internal reactive power circulation is mapped depending on the DC-link voltage as well as the...... induction generator and power device capacity. Then, the effects of reactive power circulation on current characteristic and thermal distribution of the two-level back-to-back power converter are analyzed and compared. Finally, the thermal-oriented reactive power control method is introduced to the system...

  10. Mass transfer in back-to-back elbows arranged in an out of plane configuration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Mass transfer in back-to-back elbows in an out of plane configuration was measured. • The Reynolds number was 70,000 and Schmidt number was 1280. • Maximum mass transfer was on the downstream elbow. • The maximum decreased as the separation distance between the elbows increased. • Relative roughness on the second elbow was higher than that in the upstream pipe. - Abstract: Flow-Accelerated Corrosion (FAC) is a major degradation mechanism affecting carbon steel piping systems in nuclear power plants (NPPs). Flow and mass transfer conditions determine the local distribution of wall thinning, even though chemistry and materials determine the overall potential for FAC. Different localized thinning rates in back-to-back elbow configurations between the first and second elbows have been noted at NPPs, and this difference depends on the distance between elbows, flow conditions, and the configuration of the back-to-back elbows (S-, C-, or out of plane). This paper will focus on mass transfer measurements for back-to-back elbows arranged in an out of plane configuration for different elbow separation distances under single-phase flow conditions. The mass transfer measurements were performed using a mass dissolution technique of gypsum test sections in water. The experiments were performed at a Reynolds number of 70,000 and a resulting Schmidt number of 1280, which is similar to that for the diffusion of the iron magnetite layer of carbon steel piping in water, providing a mass transfer environment analogous to that in NPPs. Experiments were performed with 0, 1, 2 and 5 pipe diameters in length between the elbows. The mass transfer results show regions of higher mass transfer in the second elbow in comparison to the first elbow. The maximum mass transfer enhancement factor decreased from 2.7 to 2.1 as the separation distance increased from 0 to 5 pipe diameters. Flow streaks on the second elbow surface indicated swirling flow and its strength

  11. Control and simulation of fault and change effect in a back to back system of high voltage direct current network

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text : The primary knowledge of human being from electrical energy was in the form of statistic electricity and the first transmission line was DC. But because of primary problems in transmitting electrical power in DC form with average and low voltage levels and because of the higher efficiency of AC machines in comparison with DC machines and presence of AC transistors in different capacitance, have caused the electrical power to be transmitted in AC form. But with the avancement of electrical engineering technology in the 20th century, the transition systems were used in HVDC form, and from that time the HDVC technology passed its improvement process so fast. In this paper in addition to discussing the advantage of HDVC systems and back to back instruction, the fault and change effect in a back to back system is discussed

  12. Gaoling Back to Back Project Thyristor Valve Electrical Design%高岭背靠背工程换流阀电气设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王英洁; 李斌; 田方

    2011-01-01

    The main purpose of HVDC back to back project is to unite two large AC power grid of different voltage grade or different frequency. Thyristor valve is the important equipment in the converter station. The purpose of thyristor valve is to use rectifier valve make AC power into DC power, and use inverter valve make DC power into AC power. In allusion to main parameter requirement of Gaoling +125 kV HVDC back to back thyristor valve electrical design, according to thyristor valve design technical specification, use simulate and analysis calculation,optimize the main parameter of the thyristor, and carry out calculation the number of thyristor positions and damping circuit parameters (including damping capacitance, damping resistance and DC resistance), and coordination of protective firing level. Calculation result verifies the correctness of electrical design.%高压直流背靠背工程的主要用途就是使不同电压等级和频率的两大交流系统联网,其中换流阀是换流站中的主要设备,它的作用是把交流电力变换成直流电力,或者实现逆变换.针对高岭背靠背工程±125 kV换流阀电气设计主参数要求,依据换流阀技术规范,通过模拟仿真分析计算,优化了的晶闸管参数,计算出单阀晶闸管串联数、阻尼电阻、阻尼电容、直流电阻以及晶闸管级保护触发电压值等主要电气设计数据,说明设计思路及计算方法的正确性.

  13. Cost Reduction, Competitive Balance, and the Scheduling of Back-to-Back Games in the NBA

    OpenAIRE

    Yvan J. Kelly

    2008-01-01

    The NBA league office states that the playing schedule is devised to ensure competitive balance while keeping an eye towards minimizing costs. This paper examines those claims. Three years of travel data were analyzed and the results imply that the use of back-to-back road games in the NBA schedule may assist with competitive balance and that back-to-back games indeed reduce team travel costs.

  14. Back to Back: A Focus on Reducing the Logistics Costs and Tax

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogério João Lunkes

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective is to identify the main aspects related to the operation of Back to Back set out in international trade, which enables reduction of logistics costs and taxes. The operation of Back to Back is an excellent opportunity to increase foreign exchange gain and offer greater flexibility to commercial operations that the business requires. The methodology used in preparing this study was qualitative research according to the characteristics and nature of the problem. From the use of descriptive research study aims to demonstrate the main theoretical aspects underlying the subject in reference. This study aimed to identify the main aspects related to the operation of Back to Back set out in international trade and tax effects in an organization and logistics of industrial electronics segment of the State of Santa Catarina. The study demonstrated that the benefits of the operation of Back to Back is of paramount importance for companies having a positive impact in financial terms by reducing the need for tax payments and logistics costs which affect the processes of import and export. The results presented showed that the company studied the operation of Back to Back is essential for international negotiations.

  15. Screen-printed back-to-back electroanalytical sensors: heavy metal ion sensing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruas de Souza, Ana P; Foster, Christopher W; Kolliopoulos, Athanasios V; Bertotti, Mauro; Banks, Craig E

    2015-06-21

    Screen-printed back-to-back microband electroanalytical sensors are applied to the quantification of lead(II) ions for the first time. In this configuration the electrodes are positioned back-to-back with a common electrical connection to the two working electrodes with the counter and reference electrodes for each connected in the same manner as a normal "traditional" screen-printed sensor. Proof-of-concept is demonstrated for the electroanalytical sensing of lead(II) ions utilising square-wave anodic stripping voltammetry where an increase in the electroanalytical sensitivity is observed by a factor of 5 with the back-to-back microband configuration at a fixed lead(II) ion concentration of 5 μg L(-1) utilising a deposition potential and time of -1.2 V and 30 seconds respectively, compared to a conventional (single) microband electrode. The back-to-back microband configuration allows for the sensing of lead(II) ions with a linear range from 5 to 110 μg L(-1) with a limit of detection (based on 3σ) corresponding to 3.7 μg L(-1). The back-to-back microband configuration is demonstrated to quantify the levels of lead(II) ions within drinking water corresponding to a level of 2.8 (±0.3) μg L(-1). Independent validation was performed using ICP-OES with the levels of lead(II) ions found to correspond to 2.5 (±0.1) μg L(-1); the excellent agreement between the two methods validates the electroanalytical procedure for the quantification of lead(II) ions in drinking water. This back-to-back configuration exhibits an excellent validated analytical performance for the determination of lead(II) ions within drinking water at World Health Organisation levels (limited to 10 μg L(-1) within drinking water). PMID:25902942

  16. Improving Power Converter Reliability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ghimire, Pramod; de Vega, Angel Ruiz; Beczkowski, Szymon;

    2014-01-01

    is measured in a wind power converter at a low fundamental frequency. To illustrate more, the test method as well as the performance of the measurement circuit are also presented. This measurement is also useful to indicate failure mechanisms such as bond wire lift-off and solder layer degradation......The real-time junction temperature monitoring of a high-power insulated-gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) module is important to increase the overall reliability of power converters for industrial applications. This article proposes a new method to measure the on-state collector?emitter voltage of a...... high-power IGBT module during converter operation, which may play a vital role in improving the reliability of the power converters. The measured voltage is used to estimate the module average junction temperature of the high and low-voltage side of a half-bridge IGBT separately in every fundamental...

  17. Impact of modulation strategies on power devices loading for 10 MW multilevel wind power converter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blaabjerg, Frede; Isidori, Andrea; Rossi, Fabio Mario

    This paper focuses on the control and modulation of a three-level Neutral Point Clamped (3L-NPC) back-to-back full scale converter for a 10 MW direct-drive wind turbine, equipped with a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator (PMSG). Emphasis is oriented towards the investigation of the power losses...... environment to analyse the dynamics of the system using different kinds of modulation strategies, identifying which methods can improve the converter efficiency. It is concluded that 60° discontinuous PWM modulation strategies show less power losses in the semiconductor devices and will increase the overall...... in the semiconductor devices of three-level converter adopting continuous and discontinuous PWM modulation strategies. This aspect strongly influences the operation of the converter and directly affects its efficiency. Therefore, a simulation platform is developed in Matlab/Simulink and PLECS...

  18. Definition of Power Converters

    CERN Document Server

    Bordry, F

    2015-01-01

    The paper is intended to introduce power conversion principles and to define common terms in the domain. The concept s of sources and switches are defined and classified. From the basic laws of source interconnections, a generic method of power converter synthesis is presented. Some examples illustrate this systematic method. Finally, the commutation cell and soft commuta tion are introduced and discussedd.

  19. Ancillary Frequency Control of Direct Drive Full-Scale Converter Based Wind Power Plants

    OpenAIRE

    Hu, Weihao; Su, Chi; Fang, Jiakun; Chen, Zhe; Hu, Yanting

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a simulation model of a wind power plant based on a MW-level variable speed wind turbine with a full-scale back-to-back power converter developed in the simulation tool of DIgSILENT Power Factory. Three different kinds of ancillary frequency control strategies, namely inertia emulation, primary frequency control and secondary frequency control, are proposed in order to improve the frequency stability of power systems. The modified IEEE 39-bus test system with a large-scale...

  20. Sliding Mode Control of Three Levels Back-To-Back VSC-HVDC System Using Space Vector Modulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bouafia Saber

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In this study, a sliding mode strategy proposed to control a three levels Back-to-Back High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC system based on the three-level voltage source converter (VSC. The voltage-balancing control of two split DC capacitors of the VSC-HVDC system is achieved using three-level space vector modulation with balancing strategy based on the effective use of the redundant switching states of the inverter voltage vectors. Finally, a complete simulation of the VSC-HVDC system validates the efficiency of the proposed strategy law. Compared to the conventional control, Sliding Mode Control scheme for the VSC-HVDC system shows the attractive advantages such as offering high tracking accuracy, fast dynamic response and good robustness.

  1. Discussion on back-to-back two-stage centrifugal compressor compact design techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huo, Lei; Liu, Huoxing

    2013-12-01

    Design a small flow back-to-back two-stage centrifugal compressor in the aviation turbocharger, the compressor is compact structure, small axial length, light weighted. Stationary parts have a great influence on their overall performance decline. Therefore, the stationary part of the back-to-back two-stage centrifugal compressor should pay full attention to the diffuser, bend, return vane and volute design. Volute also impact downstream return vane, making the flow in circumferential direction is not uniformed, and several blade angle of attack is drastically changed in downstream of the volute with the airflow can not be rotated to required angle. Loading of high-pressure rotor blades change due to non-uniformed of flow in circumferential direction, which makes individual blade load distribution changed, and affected blade passage load decreased to reduce the capability of work, the tip low speed range increases.

  2. Back-to-Back Black Holes decay Signature at Neutrino Observatories

    CERN Document Server

    Arsene, Nicusor; Caramete, Lauretiu Ioan; Micu, Octavian

    2013-01-01

    We propose a decay signature for non-thermal small black holes with masses in the TeV range which can be discovered by neutrino observatories. The black holes would result due to the impact between ultra high energy neutrinos with nuclei in water or ice and decay instantaneously. They could be produced if the Planck scale is in the few TeV region and the highly energetic fluxes are large enough. Having masses close to the Planck scale, the typical decay mode for these black holes is into two particles emitted back-to-back. For a certain range of angles between the emitted particles and the center of mass direction of motion, it is possible for the detectors to measure separate muons having specific energies and their trajectories oriented at a large enough angle to prove that they are the result of a back-to-back decay event.

  3. Power Converters and Power Quality

    CERN Document Server

    Kahle, K

    2015-01-01

    This paper discusses the subject of power quality for power converters. The first part gives an overview of most of the common disturbances and power quality issues in electrical networks for particle accelerators, and explains their consequences for accelerator operation. The propagation of asymmetrical network disturbances into a network is analysed. Quantitative parameters for network disturbances in a typical network are presented, and immunity levels for users’ electrical equipment are proposed. The second part of this paper discusses the technologies and strategies used in particle accelerator networks for power quality improvement . Particular focus is given to networks supplying loads with cycling active and reactive power

  4. Control of a Two-Stage Direct Power Converter with a Single Voltage Sensor Mounted in the Intermediary Circuit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klumpner, Christian; Wheeler, P.; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2004-01-01

    Controlling a converter requires not only a powerful processors but also accurate voltage and current sensors and fast and precise analogue-digital converters, which increase the cost per kW of the assembly, especially in the low power range. A matrix converter requires less transducers than a back......-to-back Voltage Source Converter because of the inherent direct power transfer which doesn?t require a control loop of the dc-link voltage to balance the power of the rectifier and the inverter. On the other hand, two-stage Direct Power Converters (DPC) also perform direct power conversion as the matrix...... converters but in two stages (AC/DC/AC) without using energy storage in the intermediary circuit. They also offer the possibility to reduce the number of switches compared to the standard single-stage matrix converter. This paper presents a new method to control a two-stage DPC providing sine-wave in sine...

  5. Improved Design Methods for Robust Single- and Three-Phase ac-dc-ac Power Converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Qin, Zian

    proposed new active power decoupling method, the ripple power in the converter can be compensated in a more efficient and more compact way. Then, Chapter 5 changes the scope of the thesis to three-phase converters, and the nine-switch converter, as a reduced switch version of two three-phase full......-bridges connected back-to-back, is studied. Application criteria of the nine-switch converter are investigated for reducing the relatively high stress introduced by the less number of switches. In Chapter 6 a rotating speed controller design method is proposed for improving the thermal loading of the three...... to users. Their performances including cost, efficiency, reliability, and so on, therefore are more important concerns than they were. The objective of this thesis is to study and propose advanced design methods for robust ac-dc-ac converters, which are widely used interfaces in energy conversion...

  6. Power converters for ITER

    CERN Document Server

    Benfatto, I

    2006-01-01

    The International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) is a thermonuclear fusion experiment designed to provide long deuterium– tritium burning plasma operation. After a short description of ITER objectives, the main design parameters and the construction schedule, the paper describes the electrical characteristics of the French 400 kV grid at Cadarache: the European site proposed for ITER. Moreover, the paper describes the main requirements and features of the power converters designed for the ITER coil and additional heating power supplies, characterized by a total installed power of about 1.8 GVA, modular design with basic units up to 90 MVA continuous duty, dc currents up to 68 kA, and voltages from 1 kV to 1 MV dc.

  7. Resonant power converters

    CERN Document Server

    Kazimierczuk, Marian K

    2012-01-01

    This book is devoted to resonant energy conversion in power electronics. It is a practical, systematic guide to the analysis and design of various dc-dc resonant inverters, high-frequency rectifiers, and dc-dc resonant converters that are building blocks of many of today's high-frequency energy processors. Designed to function as both a superior senior-to-graduate level textbook for electrical engineering courses and a valuable professional reference for practicing engineers, it provides students and engineers with a solid grasp of existing high-frequency technology, while acquainting them wit

  8. A new fabrication technique for back-to-back varactor diodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, R. Peter; Choudhury, Debabani; Martin, Suzanne; Frerking, Margaret A.; Liu, John K.; Grunthaner, Frank A.

    1992-01-01

    A new varactor diode process has been developed in which much of the processing is done from the back of an extremely thin semiconductor wafer laminated to a low-dielectric substrate. Back-to-back BNN diodes were fabricated with this technique; excellent DC and low-frequency capacitance measurements were obtained. Advantages of the new technique relative to other techniques include greatly reduced frontside wafer damage from exposure to process chemicals, improved capability to integrate devices (e.g. for antenna patterns, transmission lines, or wafer-scale grids), and higher line yield. BNN diodes fabricated with this technique exhibit approximately the expected capacitance-voltage characteristics while showing leakage currents under 10 mA at voltages three times that needed to deplete the varactor. This leakage is many orders of magnitude better than comparable Schottky diodes.

  9. Back-to-back correlations of boson-antiboson pairs for anisotropic expanding sources

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, Yong; Zhang, Wei-Ning

    2015-01-01

    In the hot and dense hadronic sources formed in high energy heavy ion collisions, the particle interactions in medium might lead to a measurable back-to-back correlation (BBC) of boson-antiboson pairs. We calculate the BBC functions of $\\phi\\,\\phi$ and $K^+K^-$ for anisotropic expanding sources. The dependences of the BBC on the particle momentum and source expanding velocity are investigated. The results indicate that the BBC functions increase with the magnitude of particle momentum and exhibit an obvious dependence on the direction of the momentum for the anisotropic sources. As the source expanding velocity decreases, the BBC function decreases when the particle momentum is approximately perpendicular to the source velocity, and the BBC function increases when the particle momentum is approximately parallel to the source velocity.

  10. Studies of the nucleon structure in back-to-back SIDIS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Avakian, Harut [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)

    2016-03-01

    The Deep Inelastic Scattering (DIS) proved to be a great tool in testing of the theory of strong interactions, which was a major focus in last decades. Semi-Inclusive DIS (SIDIS), with detection of an additional hadron allowed first studies of 3D structure of the nucleon, moving the main focus from testing the QCD to understanding of strong interactions and quark gluon dynamics to address a number of puzzles accumulated in recent years. Detection of two hadrons in SIDIS, which is even more complicated, provides access to details of quark gluon interactions inaccessible in single-hadron SIDIS, providing a new avenue to study the complex nucleon structure. Large acceptance of the Electron Ion Collider, allowing detection of two hadrons, produced back-to-back in the current and target fragmentation regions, combined with clear separation of two regions, would provide a unique possibility to study the nucleon structure in target fragmentation region, and correlations of target and current fragmentation regions.

  11. Studies of the nucleon structure in back-to-back SIDIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Avakian H.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The Deep Inelastic Scattering (DIS proved to be a great tool in testing of the theory of strong interactions, which was a major focus in last decades. Semi-Inclusive DIS (SIDIS, with detection of an additional hadron allowed first studies of 3D structure of the nucleon, moving the main focus from testing the QCD to understanding of strong interactions and quark gluon dynamics to address a number of puzzles accumulated in recent years. Detection of two hadrons in SIDIS, which is even more complicated, provides access to details of quark gluon interactions inaccessible in single-hadron SIDIS, providing a new avenue to study the complex nucleon structure. Large acceptance of the Electron Ion Collider, allowing detection of two hadrons, produced back-to-back in the current and target fragmentation regions, combined with clear separation of two regions, would provide a unique possibility to study the nucleon structure in target fragmentation region, and correlations of target and current fragmentation regions.

  12. DSP controlled power converter

    OpenAIRE

    Chan, CH; Pong, MH

    1995-01-01

    A digital controller is designed and implemented by a Digital Signal Processor (DSP) to replace the Pulse Width Modulator (PWM) and error amplifier compensation network in a two wheeler forward converter. The DSP controller is designed in three approaches: a) Discretization of analog controller - the design is based on the transfer function of the error amplifier compensation network. b) Digital PID controller design - the design is based on the general form of the pulse transfer function of ...

  13. Radiation tolerant power converter controls

    CERN Document Server

    Todd, B; King, Q; Uznanski, S

    2012-01-01

    The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN) is the world's most powerful particle collider. The LHC has several thousand magnets, both warm and super-conducting, which are supplied with current by power converters. Each converter is controlled by a purpose-built electronic module called a Function Generator Controller (FGC). The FGC allows remote control of the power converter and forms the central part of a closed-loop control system where the power converter voltage is set, based on the converter output current and magnet-circuit characteristics. Some power converters and FGCs are located in areas which are exposed to beam-induced radiation. There are numerous radiation induced effects, some of which lead to a loss of control of the power converter, having a direct impact upon the accelerator's availability. Following the first long shut down (LS1), the LHC will be able to run with higher intensity beams and higher beam energy. This is expected to lead to signifi...

  14. Multilevel push pull power converter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2007-01-01

    A power converter for converting an input voltage (Vin) into an output voltage (Vout), comprising a first supply potential and a second supply potential established by the input voltage, and at least one primary winding having two terminals, a center tap arranged between the two terminals and...

  15. Integrated power electronic converters and digital control

    CERN Document Server

    Emadi, Ali; Nie, Zhong

    2009-01-01

    Non-isolated DC-DC ConvertersBuck ConverterBoost ConverterBuck-Boost ConverterIsolated DC-DC ConvertersFlyback ConverterForward ConverterPush-Pull ConverterFull-Bridge ConverterHalf-Bridge ConverterPower Factor CorrectionConcept of PFCGeneral Classification of PFC CircuitsHigh Switching Frequency Topologies for PFCApplication of PFC in Advanced Motor DrivesIntegrated Switched-Mode Power ConvertersSwitched-Mode Power SuppliesThe Concept of Integrated ConverterDefinition of Integrated Switched-Mode Power Supplies (ISMPS)Boost-Type Integrated TopologiesGeneral Structure of Boost-Type Integrated T

  16. Switching power converters medium and high power

    CERN Document Server

    Neacsu, Dorin O

    2013-01-01

    An examination of all of the multidisciplinary aspects of medium- and high-power converter systems, including basic power electronics, digital control and hardware, sensors, analog preprocessing of signals, protection devices and fault management, and pulse-width-modulation (PWM) algorithms, Switching Power Converters: Medium and High Power, Second Edition discusses the actual use of industrial technology and its related subassemblies and components, covering facets of implementation otherwise overlooked by theoretical textbooks. The updated Second Edition contains many new figures, as well as

  17. Impute DC link (IDCL) cell based power converters and control thereof

    Science.gov (United States)

    Divan, Deepakraj M.; Prasai, Anish; Hernendez, Jorge; Moghe, Rohit; Iyer, Amrit; Kandula, Rajendra Prasad

    2016-04-26

    Power flow controllers based on Imputed DC Link (IDCL) cells are provided. The IDCL cell is a self-contained power electronic building block (PEBB). The IDCL cell may be stacked in series and parallel to achieve power flow control at higher voltage and current levels. Each IDCL cell may comprise a gate drive, a voltage sharing module, and a thermal management component in order to facilitate easy integration of the cell into a variety of applications. By providing direct AC conversion, the IDCL cell based AC/AC converters reduce device count, eliminate the use of electrolytic capacitors that have life and reliability issues, and improve system efficiency compared with similarly rated back-to-back inverter system.

  18. Advanced power electronics converters PWM converters processing AC voltages

    CERN Document Server

    dos Santos, Euzeli

    2014-01-01

    This book covers power electronics, in depth, by presenting the basic principles and application details, which can be used both as a textbook and reference book.  Introduces a new method to present power electronics converters called Power Blocks Geometry. Applicable for courses focusing on power electronics, power electronics converters, and advanced power converters. Offers a comprehensive set of simulation results to help understand the circuits presented throughout the book

  19. PELATIHAN LARI SAMBUNG BACK TO BACK 20 METER ENAM REPETISI EMPAT SET DAN LARI SAMBUNG BACK TO BACK 30 METER EMPAT REPETISI EMPAT SET MENINGKATKAN KECEPATAN LARI 80 METER SISWA PUTRA SMP DHARMA PRAJA BADUNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gimbar Adiputra

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Type of 80 meters ran is one of the numbers on athletics competed in early age of child. In early age, the physical condition and mind can still be developed continuously and systematically. The exercise in early age should be an element of play and competition, thus this exercise is attempted to develop the speed by two types of exercise: back to back relay run of 20 meters six reps four sets and back to back relay run of 30 meters four reps four sets. The aim of research is to know the increasing of 80 meters speed of run. The exercise was conducted for six weeks with a frequency of three times a week with the aim to increasing the speed. The numbered of sample was 24 people selected randomly from junior high school students of Dharma Praja Badung that meets the requirements of inclusion and exclusion. The numbered of each group consists of twelve people. Each group was given a different treatment i.e. group I was treated by back to back relay run of 20 meters six reps and four sets and group II treated by back to back relay run of 30 meters four reps four sets. Data derived from the duration time of 80 meters ran before and after exercise, with t paired test to determine the difference average speed of duration time before and after exercise in each group. The t Unpaired test for the difference average of increased speed between two groups with significance limit of 0.05. The differences of speed in 80 meters ran after exercise in both groups showed significant differences, i.e. p = 0.000 (p <0.05. The average of duration time of 80 meters ran in Group I before exercise was 13.51 sec and after exercise was 12.31 sec by difference of 1.16 seconds show significant differences, while Group 2 the average of duration time in 80 meters ran before exercise and after exercise was 13.66 and after 12, 67 by a difference of 0.98 seconds showed significant differences due to differences in distance and number of repetitions between Group I and Group II

  20. Radiated EMI from power converters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnautovski-Toševa Vesna

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available With the continuous increase of switching frequency together with the ongoing trend to higher complexity and functionality, power converters as a part of electronic systems have raised more and more electromagnetic energy pollution to the local system environment. In the same time, stringent demands are imposed on the designers of new circuits that electromagnetic interference (EMI has to be suppressed at its source before it is allowed to propagate into other circuits and systems. In this paper, the authors present a full-wave numerical method for calculation and simulation of electromagnetic field radiated by power converter circuitry. The main objective is to analyze the layout geometry in order to obtain competitive PCB layout that will enable suitably attenuated level of the radiated electric field to safe level. By this it would be possible to ensure reliable operation of the sensitive electronic components in the proximity.

  1. Radiated EMI from power converters

    OpenAIRE

    Arnautovski-Toševa Vesna; Rousset Yanis; Drissi El Khamlichi Khalil; Grčev Leonid

    2005-01-01

    With the continuous increase of switching frequency together with the ongoing trend to higher complexity and functionality, power converters as a part of electronic systems have raised more and more electromagnetic energy pollution to the local system environment. In the same time, stringent demands are imposed on the designers of new circuits that electromagnetic interference (EMI) has to be suppressed at its source before it is allowed to propagate into other circuits and systems. In this p...

  2. Ecologically Optimal Solution of Power Semiconductors Converters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Lokseninec

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the relevant scientific programs of Department of Power Electrical Systems is research of ecologically optimal topologies main circuits of power converters. This paper presents some methods how to reduce unfavourable influences of power converters on the grid. The achieved results were applieed in praxis, especially in the power converters produced by Electrotechnical Research and Projecting Institute in Nova Dubnica.

  3. Mass transfer in back to back elbows arranged in an out of plane configuration under annular two phase flow conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Mass transfer in back to back elbows in an out of plane configuration was measured. • Tests were performed under annular two phase air–water conditions. • Highest mass transfer was on the outer wall of the first elbow. • The mass transfer on the second elbow was always less than that in the first elbow. • The mass transfer increased with an increase in the air superficial velocity. - Abstract: The mass transfer in back-to-back elbows arranged in an out of plane configuration has been measured under annular two phase air–water flow conditions. The measurements were performed using a wall dissolving technique with the elbow sections cast from gypsum. Experiments were performed to study the effect of increasing the water and air superficial velocities, and the effect of separation distance between the elbows. The highest mass transfer for all cases occurs on the outer wall of the first elbow, and the magnitude was not affected by the separation distance between the elbows. The maximum mass transfer in the second elbow was approximately 60 percent of the maximum value in the first elbow. The mass transfer increased with an increase in either the water or air superficial velocity, with the air velocity having a greater effect. The roughness development in the upstream pipe was modest, but was significant in the regions of high mass transfer on the first and second elbow

  4. Back-to-Back Energization of a 60kV Cable Network - Inrush Currents Phenomenon

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faria da Silva, Filipe; Bak, Claus Leth; Hansen, M. Lind

    2010-01-01

    Network, and force a change in the approach used until now when planning, analyzing and operating electrical power systems. One problem that might arise is the energization of cables in parallel, as this operation may originate high inrush currents, which represent a risk to the circuit breakers connected...

  5. Current control method of thyristor converter for PF superconducting coil in KSTAR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Jae-hoon, E-mail: jaehoon@nfri.re.kr [National Fusion Research Institute (NFRI), 169-148 Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of); Ahn, Hyun-sik [POSCO ICT, 622, Sampyeong-dong, Bundang-gu, Seongnam-si, Kyeonggi-do 463-400 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Dong-keun; Jin, Jong-kuk [National Fusion Research Institute (NFRI), 169-148 Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of); Jang, Gye-yong; Seong, Dae-kyung; Yun, Min-sung; Shin, Hyun-seok [POSCO ICT, 622, Sampyeong-dong, Bundang-gu, Seongnam-si, Kyeonggi-do 463-400 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Yaung-soo [National Fusion Research Institute (NFRI), 169-148 Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-11-15

    This paper presents the current control method of thyristor converter which is applied to PF power supply in KSTAR. The thyristor converter for PF superconducting coil is composed of two 6 pulse converters and each converter is connected in parallel using DC reactor to reduce voltage ripple, current rating of converter and harmonic components. For 4 quadrant operation, each 6 pulse converter has six arms of anti-paralleled thyristor device, back-to-back connection. To apply this converter on KSTAR PF coil, stable coil current control is needed. Additionally, PF coil needs smooth current control without dead-time when current polarity changes and it is not easy in back-to-back thyristor converter. For this reason, zero crossing current control using circulating current and test results are introduced in this paper and it was satisfactory.

  6. Open-switch fault detection method of an NPC converter for wind turbine systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lee, June-Seok; Lee, Kyo-Beum; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2013-01-01

    In wind turbine generation (WTG) systems, the neutral-point-clamped (NPC) topology is widely used as the part of a back-to-back converter since the three-level NPC topology has more advantages than the conventional two-level inverter especially for high power. There are twelve switches in the NPC...

  7. Modeling and control of squirrel cage induction generator with full power converter applied to windmills

    OpenAIRE

    Dominguez Garcia, Jose Luis

    2009-01-01

    The project aims to develop a dynamic model, of a generation system of electrical energy with a variable speed wind turbine using a squirrel cage induction generator which is connected to the grid by a back to back frequency converter, for testing purposes. In the project has been done an analysis of the mathematical equations of the whole system, separating the mechanical system (turbine and gearbox) and the electrical (generator and converter). We study the control design ...

  8. Independently accessed back-to-back HgCdTe photodiodes: A new dual-band infrared detector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reine, M. B.; Norton, P. W.; Starr, R.; Weiler, M. H.; Kestigian, M.; Musicant, B. L.; Mitra, P.; Schimert, T.; Case, F. C.; Bhat, Lb.; Ehsani, H.; Rao, V.

    1995-05-01

    We report the first data for a new two-color HgCdTe infrared detector for use in large dual-band infrared focal plane arrays (IRFPAs). Referred to as the independently accessed back-to-back photodiode structure, this novel dual-band HgCdTe detector provides independent electrical access to each of two spatially collocated back-to-back HgCdTe photodiodes so that true simultaneous and independent detection of medium wavelength (MW, 3-5 μm) and long wavelength (LW, 8-12 μm) infrared radiation can be accomplished. This new dual-band detector is directly compatible with standard backside-illuminated bump-interconnected hybrid HgCdTe IRFPA technology. It is capable of high fill factor, and allows high quantum efficiency and BLIP sensitivity to be realized in both the MW and LW photodiodes. We report data that demonstrate experimentally the key features of this new dual-band detector. These arrays have a unit cell size of 100 x 100 μm2, and were fabricated from a four-layer p-n-N-P HgCdTe film grown in situ by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition on a CdZnTe substrate. At 80K, the MW detector cutoff wavelength is 4.5 μm and the LW detector cutoff wavelength is 8.0 μm. Spectral crosstalk is less than 3%. Data confirm that the MW and LW photodiodes are electrically and radiometrically independent.

  9. Power Electronics Converters for Wind Turbine Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blaabjerg, Frede; Liserre, Marco; Ma, Ke

    2012-01-01

    . In this paper, power converter technologies are reviewed with focus on existing ones and on those that have potential for higher power but which have not been yet adopted due to the important risk associated with the high-power industry. The power converters are classified into single- and multicell topologies......, but continuously cost and reliability are important issues to be addressed....

  10. Reactive Power Compensation using a Matrix Converter

    OpenAIRE

    Holtsmark, Nathalie Marie-Anna

    2010-01-01

    This Master's thesis investigates a new application for the matrix converter: Shunt reactive power compensation. The suggested Matrix Converter-based Reactive power Compensation (MCRC) device is composed of a matrix converter, which input is connected to the grid and an electric machine at the output of the converter. The reactive power flowing in or out of the grid can be regulated with the matrix converter by controlling the magnitude and/or phase angle of the current at the input of the co...

  11. 300MW可逆式机组背靠背启动振荡分析及对策%Analysis of oscillation in back-to-back starting process of 300 MW reversible pumped-storage unit and solutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康永林; 张成平

    2016-01-01

    With the increasing capacity of the power grid, the reversible pumped-storage hydropower station as a special pow-er supply with the functions of load balancing, frequency regulation and phase modulation and emergency reserve demonstrates its advantages of flexibility and quick response in ensuring the safe, stable and economical operation of the power system. Back-to-back starting serves as a convenient, alternative way to start a reversible pumped-storage station when failures occur to the static frequency converter used in the normal starting mode. Based on a test of back-to-back starting in a large pumped-stor-age station, the dragging process of the units and the starting process of the dragged unit are explained. The problems in the drag-ging test are taken as an example, and the impacts of excitation, opening process of guide vanes and sub-synchronous over cur-rent protection on the staring process are analyzed. According to the field shakedown test and operation experience, directed solu-tions are proposed to meet the reliability index of the units.%随着电网容量的逐渐增加,可逆式抽水蓄能电站作为电网中调峰、填谷、调频、调相和事故备用等多种用途的特殊电源,具有运行灵活和反应快速的特点,对确保电力系统安全、稳定和经济运行具有重要作用. 可逆式抽水蓄能电站常规设置的启动方式是以静止变频器启动为主,背靠背启动为备用. 在电网静止变频器发生故障时,采用背靠背启动是一种非常便捷的方式. 以大型抽水蓄能电站背靠背启动试验为背景,阐述了抽水蓄能电站机组背靠背拖动流程、被拖动机组的开启物理过程;以实际拖动试验中遇到的问题为例,分析讨论了励磁、导叶开启过程和次同步过流保护对启动过程的影响,并结合现场调试、运行经验,提出了有针对性的解决方案,以满足机组运行的可靠性指标.

  12. High Precision Current Measurement for Power Converters

    OpenAIRE

    Bastos, M. Cerqueira

    2016-01-01

    The accurate measurement of power converter currents is essential to controlling and delivering stable and repeatable currents to magnets in particle accelerators. This paper reviews the most commonly used devices for the measurement of power converter currents and discusses test and calibration methods.

  13. Dynamic Performance of Grid Converters using Adaptive DC Voltage Control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trintis, Ionut; Sun, Bo; Guerrero, Josep M.; Munk-Nielsen, Stig; Abrahamsen, Flemming; Thøgersen, Paul Bach

    2014-01-01

    This paper investigates a controller that ensures minimum operating dc-link voltage of a back-to-back converter system. The dc-link voltage adapts its reference based on the system state, reference given by an outer loop to the dc-link voltage controller. The operating dc-link voltage should be k...... kept as low as possible to increase the power conversion efficiency and increase the reliability of converters. The dynamic performance of the proposed controller is investigated by simulations and experiments.......This paper investigates a controller that ensures minimum operating dc-link voltage of a back-to-back converter system. The dc-link voltage adapts its reference based on the system state, reference given by an outer loop to the dc-link voltage controller. The operating dc-link voltage should be...

  14. 基于半导体功率损耗的小型风电变换器可靠性研究%Small wind power converter reliability research based on semiconductor power loss

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李学生; 张新闻; 常玉峰; 程中普

    2015-01-01

    基于半导体功率损耗,针对小型风电永磁电机常用的Boost(Intermediate boost converter, IBC)、Buck-boost (Intermediate buck-boost converter,IBBC)、背靠背(Back-to-back converter, BBC)、矩阵(Matrix converter, MC)变换器可靠性进行分析,确定变换器在特定风速下的失效周期和可靠性.在统计学基础上,建立了变换器元件的故障率统一计算模型.通过计算电力电子器件的开关损耗和导通损耗,确定 Boost变换器相对其他变换器具有最高的失效周期.同时确定出变换器组件中,逆变器可靠性是影响变换器可靠性最重要的因素.通过现场数据比较四种变换器可靠性和使用寿命,证明理论分析是正确的.%This paper presents reliability analysis of the power electronic converters for grid-connected permanent magnet generator-based small wind energy conversion system based on the semiconductor power losses. The power converters examined are: the intermediate boost converter (IBC), the intermediate buck-boost converter (IBBC), the back-to-back converter (BBC) and the matrix converter (MC). The aim is to determine which power electronic converter yields the highest mean time between failures (MTBF) and reliability in terms of power losses of the semiconductor devices with a predetermined wind speed. Based on the statistics, converter component failure rate of the unified calculation model is established. The power loss model presented has taken into account the conduction and switching losses of the semiconductor devices within each converter. The analysis reveals that efficiency and MTBF of an IBC are much higher compared to the other converters. It is shown that the inverter has the dominant effect on the system reliability for the converters. The reliability and service life of four kinds of electronic converters are compared through field data, which prove that theoretical analysis is correct.

  15. Power electronics converters for wind turbine systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blaabjerg, Frede; Liserre, Marco; Ma, Ke

    2011-01-01

    The steady growth of installed wind power which reached 200 GW capacity in 2010, together with the up-scaling of the single wind turbine power capability - 7 MW’s has been announced by manufacturers - has pushed the research and development of power converters towards full scale power conversion,...

  16. Suppression of back-to-back hadron pairs at forward rapidity in d+Au Collisions at sqrt(s_NN)=200 GeV

    OpenAIRE

    Adare, A.; Afanasiev, S.; Aidala, C.; Ajitanand, N. N.; Akiba, Y; Al-Bataineh, H.; Alexander, J.; Angerami, A.(Nevis Laboratory, Columbia University, Irvington, NY, U.S.A.); Aoki, K.; Apadula, N.; Aramaki, Y.; Atomssa, E. T.; Averbeck, R.; Awes, T. C.; Azmoun, B.

    2011-01-01

    Back-to-back hadron pair yields in d+Au and p+p collisions at sqrt(s_NN)=200 GeV were measured with the PHENIX detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. Rapidity separated hadron pairs were detected with the trigger hadron at pseudorapidity |eta|

  17. Shakedown boundary determination of a 90° back-to-back pipe bend subjected to steady internal pressures and cyclic in-plane bending moments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    No experimental data exist within open literature, to the best knowledge of the author, for determining shakedown boundaries of 90° back-to-back pipe bends. Ninety degree back-to-back pipe bends are extensively utilized within piping networks of nuclear submarines and modern turbofan aero-engines where space limitation is considered a paramount concern. In the current research, the 90° back-to-back pipe bend setup analyzed is subjected to a spectrum of steady internal pressures and cyclic in-plane bending moments. A previously developed direct non-cyclic simplified technique for determining elastic shakedown limit loads is utilized to generate the elastic shakedown boundary of the analyzed structure. The simplified technique outcomes showed excellent correlation with the results of full elastic–plastic cyclic loading finite element simulations. - Highlights: • No shakedown experimental data exist for 90° back-to-back pipe bends. • A non-cyclic technique is utilized to generate the elastic shakedown boundary. • The non-cyclic technique succeeded in generating the structure's Bree diagram. • The non-cyclic technique correlated well with full cyclic loading FE simulations

  18. Selective harmonic control for power converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhou, Keliang; Yang, Yongheng; Blaabjerg, Frede; Lu, Wenzhou; Danwei, Wang

    This paper proposes an Internal Model Principle (IMP) based Selective Harmonic Controller (SHC) for power converters. The proposed SHC offers an optimal control solution for power converters to mitigate power harmonics. It makes a good trade-off among cost, complexity and performance. It has high...... accuracy and fast transient response, and it is cost-effective, easy for real-time implementation, and compatible for design rules-of-thumb. An application on a three-phase PWM converter has confirmed the effectiveness of the proposed control scheme in terms of harmonic mitigation....

  19. Power Converters Secure Electronics in Harsh Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    In order to harden power converters for the rigors of space, NASA awarded multiple SBIR contracts to Blacksburg, Virginia-based VPT Inc. The resulting hybrid DC-DC converters have proven valuable in aerospace applications, and as a result the company has generated millions in revenue from the product line and created four high-tech jobs to handle production.

  20. CMOS integrated switching power converters

    CERN Document Server

    Villar-Pique, Gerard

    2011-01-01

    This book describes the structured design and optimization of efficient, energy processing integrated circuits. The approach is multidisciplinary, covering the monolithic integration of IC design techniques, power electronics and control theory. In particular, this book enables readers to conceive, synthesize, design and implement integrated circuits with high-density high-efficiency on-chip switching power regulators. Topics covered encompass the structured design of the on-chip power supply, efficiency optimization, IC-compatible power inductors and capacitors, power MOSFET switches and effi

  1. Reliability of Power Electronic Converter Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The main aims of power electronic converter systems (PECS) are to control, convert, and condition electrical power flow from one form to another through the use of solid-state electronics. This book outlines current research into the scientific modeling, experimentation, and remedial measures...... for advancing the reliability, availability, system robustness, and maintainability of PECS at different levels of complexity. Drawing on the experience of an international team of experts, this book explores the reliability of PECS covering topics including an introduction to reliability engineering in power......-link capacitance in power electronic converter systems; wind turbine systems; smart control strategies for improved reliability of power electronics system; lifetime modelling; power module lifetime test and state monitoring; tools for performance and reliability analysis of power electronics systems; fault...

  2. Power electronics converters and regulators

    CERN Document Server

    Dokić, Branko L

    2015-01-01

    This book is the result of the extensive experience the authors gained through their year-long occupation at the Faculty of Electrical Engineering at the University of Banja Luka. Starting at the fundamental basics of electrical engineering, the book guides the reader into this field and covers all the relevant types of converters and regulators. Understanding is enhanced by the given examples, exercises and solutions. Thus this book can be used as a textbook for students, for self-study or as a reference book for professionals.

  3. Reliability of power electronic converter systems

    CERN Document Server

    Chung, Henry Shu-hung; Blaabjerg, Frede; Pecht, Michael

    2016-01-01

    This book outlines current research into the scientific modeling, experimentation, and remedial measures for advancing the reliability, availability, system robustness, and maintainability of Power Electronic Converter Systems (PECS) at different levels of complexity.

  4. Response To And Lessons Learned From Two Back-To-Back Disasters At Kilauea Volcano, Puna District, Hawaii

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gregg, C. E.; Houghton, B. F.; Kim, K.

    2015-12-01

    The Puna District, Hawaii, is exposed to many natural hazards, including those associated with volcanic eruptions and tropical storms, but for decades Puna has also been the fastest growing District in the state due to its affordable real estate. In 2014, populated areas were affected by back-to-back hurricane and volcanic eruption crises. Both events were declared Presidential Disasters and tested response and recovery systems of many of Puna's 49, 000 residents, government services and businesses. This paper summarizes individual and organizational response to the two crises: the relatively rapid onset Tropical Storm Iselle, which made landfall in Puna on August 5 and the slow onset June 27 lava flow. The latter took some 2 months to advance to the edge of developed areas, prompting widespread community reaction. While the lava flows no longer pose an immediate threat to development because they are repaving remote, near-source and upflow areas, the lava could again advance into developed areas over similar time scales as in 2014. Puna is mostly a rural setting with many narrow, privately owned dirt roads. Some residents have no municipal electricity and water; they use solar and gasoline generators and rain catchment systems. High winds and collapse of exotic Albizia trees during Iselle isolated many residents, but people self-organized through social media to respond and recover. Social media and community meetings dominated information sharing during the lava crisis. Major expenses were incurred in response to the lava crisis, primarily through upgraded alternate roads that provide redundancy and construction of temporary school buildings linked to evacuation and relocation of students. Experiences during Iselle primed residents to rapidly self-organize and address the impending inundation by slow moving lava flows which advanced in uncertain directions at rates of 0-450 m/day. People's demand for constant and near-real time information from authorities placed

  5. Mathematical efficiency modeling of static power converters

    OpenAIRE

    Hoff Dupont, Fabrício; Zaragoza Bertomeu, Jordi; Rech, Cassiano; Pinheiro, José Renes

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a review and a comparative analysis between mathematical models for the efficiency of power converters. Two different types of models are considered, being one for converters subject solely for output power variations, and a second one also considering input voltage variations. Both cases are particularly important for systems fed by renewable sources as photovoltaic panels or wind turbines. Knowledge of the appropriate models is of interest in the dev...

  6. Faults and Diagnosis Systems in Power Converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lee, Kyo-Beum; Choi, Uimin

    2014-01-01

    efforts have been put into making these systems better in terms of reliability in order to achieve high power source availability, reduce the cost of energy and also increase the reliability of overall systems. Among the components used in power converters, a power device and a capacitor fault occurs most...

  7. Field Data Logger Prototype for Power Converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chaudhary, Sanjay; Ghimire, Pramod; Thøgersen, Paul Bach; de Place Rimmen, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Mission profile data is very important for the cost effective and reliable design of power converters. The converter design can be improved on the basis of actual field data. Actual mission profile data can be collected for the power converters using field data loggers over a long period of time...... and subsequent analysis of the data. This paper presents the development of a low cost prototype field data logger prototype using Raspberry PI and industrial sensors. The functionalities of the data logger prototype are described. An online rainflow count algorithm has been implemented as well....

  8. Bidirectional power converter control electronics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mildice, J. W.

    1987-01-01

    The object of this program was to design, build, test, and deliver a set of control electronics suitable for control of bidirectional resonant power processing equipment of the direct output type. The program is described, including the technical background, and results discussed. Even though the initial program tested only the logic outputs, the hardware was subsequently tested with high-power breadboard equipment, and in the testbed of NASA contract NAS3-24399. The completed equipment is now operating as part of the Space Station Power System Test Facility at NASA Lewis Research Center.

  9. Design and Comparison of Full-size Converters for Large Variable-Speed Wind Turbines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zeng, Xiang Jun; Blaabjerg, Frede; Chen, Zhe

    2007-01-01

    The full-size converters for wind turbine systems can flexibly realize variable-speed control and meet power system operational requirements. The designs of Two-Level, Three-Level Neutral Point Clamped and Three-Level Flying Capacitor converter as full-size back-to-back converters for large wind...... turbine system are discussed in this paper. The harmonic standard and power system operation requirements for the converters are considered. And SVPWM with the on-off control is proposed to suppress the neutral point potential or fly-capacitor voltage deviation and drift for the three-level converters...

  10. LHC Power Converters: A Precision Game

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    The LHC test-bed, String 2, is close to commissioning and one important element to get a first chance to prove what it can do is the power converter system. In String 2 there are 16 converters, in the full LHC there will be almost 1800. This article takes a look at what is so special about the power converters for the LHC. The 13 000 Amps power converters with the watercooled cables going to the String 2 feedboxes. The LHC's superconducting magnets will be the pinnacle of high technology. But to work, they'll need the help of high-precision power converters to supply them with extremely stable DC current. Perfection will be the name of the game, with an accuracy of just 1-2 parts per million (ppm) required. LEP, for the sake of comparison, could live with 10-20 ppm. The LHC's power converters will be very different from those of LEP or the SPS since the new accelerator's magnets are mostly superconducting. That means that they require much higher currents at a lower voltage since superconductors have no re...

  11. Microgrid Control Techniques at Power Converter Level

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Valouch, Viktor; Šimek, Petr; Škramlík, Jiří; Tlustý, J.

    Ostrava: VŠB - TU Ostrava, 2013, s. 611-616. ISBN 978-80-248-2988-3. [Electric Power Engineering - EPE 2013. Kouty nad Desnou (CZ), 28.05.2013-30.05.2013] Institutional support: RVO:61388998 Keywords : microgrid * power converter * droop control Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering

  12. Studies of di-jet survival and surface emission bias in Au+Au collisions via angular correlations with respect to back-to-back leading hadrons

    CERN Document Server

    Agakishiev, H; Ahammed, Z; Alakhverdyants, A V; Alekseev, I; Alford, J; Anderson, B D; Anson, C D; Arkhipkin, D; Averichev, G S; Balewski, J; Beavis, D R; Behera, N K; Bellwied, R; Betancourt, M J; Betts, R R; Bhasin, A; Bhati, A K; Bichsel, H; Bielcik, J; Bielcikova, J; Biritz, B; Bland, L C; Bordyuzhin, I G; Borowski, W; Bouchet, J; Braidot, E; Brandin, A V; Bridgeman, A; Brovko, S G; Bruna, E; Bueltmann, S; Bunzarov, I; Burton, T P; Cai, X Z; Caines, H; Calderon, M; Cebra, D; Cendejas, R; Cervantes, M C; Chajecki, Z; Chaloupka, P; Chattopadhyay, S; Chen, H F; Chen, J H; Chen, J Y; Chen, L; Cheng, J; Cherney, M; Chikanian, A; Choi, K E; Christie, W; Chung, P; Codrington, M J M; Corliss, R; Cramer, J G; Crawford, H J; Dash, S; Leyva, A Davila; De Silva, L C; Debbe, R R; Dedovich, T G; Derevschikov, A A; de Souza, R Derradi; Didenko, L; Djawotho, P; Dogra, S M; Dong, X; Drachenberg, J L; Draper, J E; Dunlop, J C; Efimov, L G; Elnimr, M; Engelage, J; Eppley, G; Estienne, M; Eun, L; Evdokimov, O; Fatemi, R; Fedorisin, J; Fersch, R G; Filip, P; Finch, E; Fine, V; Fisyak, Y; Gagliardi, C A; Gangadharan, D R; Geromitsos, A; Geurts, F; Ghosh, P; Gorbunov, Y N; Gordon, A; Grebenyuk, O G; Grosnick, D; Guertin, S M; Gupta, A; Guryn, W; Haag, B; Hajkova, O; Hamed, A; Han, L-X; Harris, J W; Hays-Wehle, J P; Heinz, M; Heppelmann, S; Hirsch, A; Hjort, E; Hoffmann, G W; Hofman, D J; Huang, B; Huang, H Z; Humanic, T J; Huo, L; Igo, G; Jacobs, P; Jacobs, W W; Jena, C; Jin, F; Joseph, J; Judd, E G; Kabana, S; Kang, K; Kapitan, J; Kauder, K; Ke, H W; Keane, D; Kechechyan, A; Kettler, D; Kikola, D P; Kiryluk, J; Kisiel, A; Kizka, V; Klein, S R; Knospe, A G; Koetke, D D; Kollegger, T; Konzer, J; Koralt, I; Koroleva, L; Korsch, W; Kotchenda, L; Kouchpil, V; Kravtsov, P; Krueger, K; Krus, M; Kumar, L; Kurnadi, P; Lamont, M A C; Landgraf, J M; LaPointe, S; Lauret, J; Lebedev, A; Lednicky, R; Lee, J H; Leight, W; LeVine, M J; Li, C; Li, L; Li, N; Li, W; Li, X; Li, X; Li, Y; Li, Z M; Lisa, M A; Liu, F; Liu, H; Liu, J; Ljubicic, T; Llope, W J; Longacre, R S; Love, W A; Lu, Y; Lukashov, E V; Luo, X; Ma, G L; Ma, Y G; Mahapatra, D P; Majka, R; Mall, O I; Mangotra, L K; Manweiler, R; Margetis, S; Markert, C; Masui, H; Matis, H S; Matulenko, Yu A; McDonald, D; McShane, T S; Meschanin, A; Milner, R; Minaev, N G; Mioduszewski, S; Mischke, A; Mitrovski, M K; Mohammed, Y; Mohanty, B; Mondal, M M; Morozov, B; Morozov, D A; Munhoz, M G; Mustafa, M K; Naglis, M; Nandi, B K; Nayak, T K; Netrakanti, P K; Nogach, L V; Nurushev, S B; Odyniec, G; Ogawa, A; Oh, K; Ohlson, A; Okorokov, V; Oldag, E W; Olson, D; Pachr, M; Page, B S; Pal, S K; Pandit, Y; Panebratsev, Y; Pawlak, T; Pei, H; Peitzmann, T; Perkins, C; Peryt, W; Phatak, S C; Pile, P; Planinic, M; Ploskon, M A; Pluta, J; Plyku, D; Poljak, N; Porter, J; Poskanzer, A M; Potukuchi, B V K S; Powell, C B; Prindle, D; Pruneau, C; Pruthi, N K; Pujahari, P R; Putschke, J; Qiu, H; Raniwala, R; Raniwala, S; Ray, R L; Redwine, R; Reed, R; Ritter, H G; Roberts, J B; Rogachevskiy, O V; Romero, J L; Rose, A; Ruan, L; Rusnak, J; Sahoo, N R; Sakai, S; Sakrejda, I; Salur, S; Sandweiss, J; Sangaline, E; Sarkar, A; Schambach, J; Scharenberg, R P; Schmah, A M; Schmitz, N; Schuster, T R; Seele, J; Seger, J; Selyuzhenkov, I; Seyboth, P; Shahaliev, E; Shao, M; Sharma, M; Shi, S S; Shou, Q Y; Sichtermann, E P; Simon, F; Singaraju, R N; Skoby, M J; Smirnov, N; Sorensen, P; Spinka, H M; Srivastava, B; Stanislaus, T D S; Staszak, D; Steadman, S G; Stevens, J R; Stock, R; Strikhanov, M; Stringfellow, B; Suaide, A A P; Suarez, M C; Subba, N L; Sumbera, M; Sun, X M; Sun, Y; Sun, Z; Surrow, B; Svirida, D N; Symons, T J M; de Toledo, A Szanto; Takahashi, J; Tang, A H; Tang, Z; Tarini, L H; Tarnowsky, T; Thein, D; Thomas, J H; Tian, J; Timmins, A R; Tlusty, D; Tokarev, M; Trainor, T A; Tram, V N; Trentalange, S; Tribble, R E; Tribedy, P; Tsai, O D; Ullrich, T; Underwood, D G; Van Buren, G; van Nieuwenhuizen, G; Vanfossen, J A; Jr.,; Varma, R; Vasconcelos, G M S; Vasiliev, A N; Videbaek, F; Viyogi, Y P; Vokal, S; Voloshin, S A; Wada, M; Walker, M; Wang, F; Wang, G; Wang, H; Wang, J S; Wang, Q; Wang, X L; Wang, Y; Webb, G; Webb, J C; Westfall, G D; Whitten, C; Wieman, H; Wissink, S W; Witt, R; Witzke, W; Wu, Y F; Xiao, Z; Xie, W; Xu, H; Xu, N; Xu, Q H; Xu, W; Xu, Y; Xu, Z; Xue, L; Yang, Y; Yang, Y; Yepes, P; Yip, K; Yoo, I-K; Zawisza, M; Zbroszczyk, H; Zhan, W; Zhang, J B; Zhang, S; Zhang, W M; Zhang, X P; Zhang, Y; Zhang, Z P; Zhao, J; Zhong, C; Zhou, W; Zhu, X; Zhu, Y H; Zoulkarneev, R; Zoulkarneeva, Y

    2011-01-01

    We report first results from an analysis based on a new multi-hadron correlation technique, exploring jet-medium interactions and di-jet surface emission bias at RHIC. Pairs of back-to-back high transverse momentum hadrons are used for triggers to study associated hadron distributions. In contrast with two- and three-particle correlations with a single trigger with similar kinematic selections, the associated hadron distribution of both trigger sides reveals no modification in either relative pseudo-rapidity or relative azimuthal angle from d+Au to central Au+Au collisions. We determine associated hadron yields and spectra as well as production rates for such correlated back-to-back triggers to gain additional insights on medium properties.

  13. Experimental studies of di-jet survival and surface emission bias in Au + Au collisions via angular correlations with respect to back-to-back leading hadrons

    OpenAIRE

    Agakishiev, H.; Aggarwal, M. M.; Braidot, E.; Mischke, A.; Peitzmann, T.(Institute for Subatomic Physics of Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands); Zoulkarneeva, Y.

    2011-01-01

    We report first results from an analysis based on a new multi-hadron correlation technique, exploring jet-medium interactions and di-jet surface emission bias at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Pairs of back-to-back high-transverse-momentum hadrons are used for triggers to study associated hadron distributions. In contrast with two- and three-particle correlations with a single trigger with similar kinematic selections, the associated hadron distribution of both trigger sides ...

  14. Converters for Distributed Power Generation Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blaabjerg, Frede; Yang, Yongheng

    2015-01-01

    Power electronics technology has become the enabling technology for the integration of distributed power generation systems (DPGS) such as offshore wind turbine power systems and commercial photovoltaic power plants. Depending on the applications, a vast array of DPGS-based power converter...... topologies has been developed and more are coming into the market in order to achieve an efficient and reliable power conversion from the renewables. In addition, stringent demands from both the distribution system operators and the consumers have been imposed on the renewable-based DPGS. This article...

  15. Self-oscillating resonant power converter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2014-01-01

    The present invention relates to resonant power converters and inverters comprising a self-oscillating feedback loop coupled from a switch output to a control input of a switching network comprising one or more semiconductor switches. The self-oscillating feedback loop sets a switching frequency of...... the power converter and comprises a first intrinsic switch capacitance coupled between a switch output and a control input of the switching network and a first inductor. The first inductor is coupled in-between a first bias voltage source and the control input of the switching network and has a...... substantially fixed inductance. The first bias voltage source is configured to generate an adjustable bias voltage applied to the first inductor. The output voltage of the power converter is controlled in a flexible and rapid manner by controlling the adjustable bias voltage....

  16. Control of Power Converters in AC Microgrids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rocabert, Joan; Luna, Alvaro; Blaabjerg, Frede; Rodriguez, Pedro

    2012-01-01

    electrical system. The high penetration of distributed generators, linked to the grid through highly controllable power processors based on power electronics, together with the incorporation of electrical energy storage systems, communication technologies, and controllable loads, opens new horizons to the...... effective expansion of microgrid applications integrated into electrical power systems. This paper carries out an overview about microgrid structures and control techniques at different hierarchical levels. At the power converter level, a detailed analysis of the main operation modes and control structures...... for power converters belonging to microgrids is carried out, focusing mainly on grid-forming, grid-feeding, and grid-supporting configurations. This analysis is extended as well toward the hierarchical control scheme of microgrids, which, based on the primary, secondary, and tertiary control layer...

  17. Hybrid switch for resonant power converters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Jih-Sheng; Yu, Wensong

    2014-09-09

    A hybrid switch comprising two semiconductor switches connected in parallel but having different voltage drop characteristics as a function of current facilitates attainment of zero voltage switching and reduces conduction losses to complement reduction of switching losses achieved through zero voltage switching in power converters such as high-current inverters.

  18. EMI filter techniques in power electronic converters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fredy Edimer Hoyos Velasco

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of EMI reduction techniques applied to power electronic converters. The techniques applied included shielding control and power signals, separating power system references regarding reference for instrumentation and measurement signals, implementing analog filters and configuring an appropriate switch trigger system for electronic power to decrease shifting EMI emissions to the maximum. This paper presents the results before and after applying the techniques to reduce interference. The results were also veryfied by using two real time control strategies rapid control prototyping (RCP.

  19. A power conversion system for PMSG-based WECS operating with fully-controlled current-source converters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian-yu BAO; Wei-bing BAO; Yu-ling LI

    2014-01-01

    We propose a new power conversion system for a permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) based grid-connected wind energy conversion system (WECS) operating with fully-controlled back-to-back current-source converters. On the generator side, two independent current-source rectifiers (CSRs) with space-vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM) are employed to regulate and stabilize DC-link currents. Between DC-link and the electrical grid, a direct-type three-phase five-level current-source inverter (CSI) is inserted as a buffer to regulate real and reactive power fed to the grid and thus adjusts the grid side power-factor. We also present a current-based maximum power point tracking (MPPT) scheme, which helps the generator extract the maximum power through closed-loop regulation of the generator speed. By applying the multilevel modulation and control strategies to the grid-side five-level CSI, a multilevel output current waveform with less distortion is produced, and the bulk requirement of the output capacitor filter to eliminate the harmonic current is reduced. All the proposed concepts are verified by simulation models built in a PSIM environment.

  20. Real power measurement using a thermal converter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, a new application of thermal converters is presented which allows energy, power and rms measurement without the need to substitute the measurement signal with a dc signal as performed in ac–dc transfer. Using a mathematical model of standard planar multijunction thermal converters (PMJTCs), the effective power acting inside the heater of the PMJTC is calculated from the output signal of its thermocouples. Due to the underlying physical principles, this method not only allows the calculation of the rms value of sinusoidal signals but also the average power and absolute energy contained in non-sinusoidal, non-periodic and even non-stationary signals, as appearing in the characterization of energy harvesters. (paper)

  1. High Efficiency Reversible Fuel Cell Power Converter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pittini, Riccardo

    traditional unidirectional fuel cell, bidirectional fuel cells have increased operating voltage and current ranges. These characteristics increase the stresses on dc-dc and dc-ac converters in the electrical system, which require proper design and advanced optimization. This work is part of the PhD project......The large scale integration of renewable energy sources requires suitable energy storage systems to balance energy production and demand in the electrical grid. Bidirectional fuel cells are an attractive technology for energy storage systems due to the high energy density of fuel. Compared to...... entitled "High Efficiency Reversible Fuel Cell Power Converter" and it presents the design of a high efficiency dc-dc converter developed and optimized for bidirectional fuel cell applications. First, a brief overview of fuel cell and energy storage technologies is presented. Different system topologies as...

  2. Passive components used in power converters

    CERN Document Server

    Rufer, A; Barrade, P

    2006-01-01

    In power converters, passive components play an important role, and have in general specific nature and properties. The goal of this tutorial is to give an overview, first on inductive components for power conversion, and second on dedicated power capacitors. In a third part, new components— supercapacitors—will be presented. Generally, inductors for power applications must be custom designed. In this tutorial, the most important effects encountered when realising inductive components will be presented in the first part, without entering into the detailed design of such components. For that purpose, the referenced documents that have served as a base for this tutorial must be consulted [1], [2], and mainly [3]. The second part of this tutorial (Capacitors used in power electronics) is dedicated to power capacitors. Unlike inductors, capacitors cannot be specifically designed, but must be selected from a manufacturer’s list of components. Here, the documentation corresponds to a subset of Ref. [4] that h...

  3. DC Bus Control of Back-to-Back Connected Two-Level PWM Rectifier-Five-Level NPC Voltage Source Inverter to Torque Ripple Reduction in Induction Motor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdelkrim Thameur

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a regulation method of back-to-back connected two-level PWM rectifier-five-level Voltage Source Inverter (VSI in order to reduce the torque ripple in induction motor. First part is dedicated to the presentation of the feedback control of two-level PWM rectifier. In the second part, five-level Neutral Point Clamped (NPC voltage source inverter balancing DC bus algorithm is presented. A theoretical analysis with a complete simulation of the system is presented to prove the excellent performance of the proposed technique.

  4. DC Bus Control of Back-to-Back Connected Two-Level PWM Rectifier-Five-Level NPC Voltage Source Inverter to Torque Ripple Reduction in Induction Motor

    OpenAIRE

    Abdelkrim Thameur; Benamrane Karima; Bezza Badreddine

    2015-01-01

    This paper proposes a regulation method of back-to-back connected two-level PWM rectifier-five-level Voltage Source Inverter (VSI) in order to reduce the torque ripple in induction motor. First part is dedicated to the presentation of the feedback control of two-level PWM rectifier. In the second part, five-level Neutral Point Clamped (NPC) voltage source inverter balancing DC bus algorithm is presented. A theoretical analysis with a complete simulation of the system is presented to prove the...

  5. Emulador d’un sistema eòlic connectat a la xarxa elèctrica amb tecnologia back-to-back de tres nivells

    OpenAIRE

    Calle Prado, Alejandro

    2008-01-01

    El present projecte final de carrera es situa dins de l’àmbit dels convertidors multinivell aplicats a la generació d’energia elèctrica a partir d’energia eòlica, particularment es centra en els convertidors de tres nivells. L’objectiu principal del projecte és aconseguir obtenir un conjunt funcional de dos convertidors de tres nivells connectats en configuració back-to-back, per connectar-los a l’emulador eòlic disponible al PERC (Centre de Recerca en Electrònica de Potència) ...

  6. Back-to-back 'one-pot' [18F]FDG syntheses in a single Siemens-CTI chemistry process control unit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Simple changes in the chemistry, plumbing, and programming of the Siemens-CTI chemistry process control unit (CPCU) effectively double its output by enabling two back-to-back '1-pot' syntheses of 2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose in a single unit. Replacement of Kryptofix 2.2.2 with tetramethylammonium carbonate and elimination of diethyl ether from the procedure shorten synthesis time to 48 min, improve process and end-product safety, and increase end-of-synthesis yields from 37% to 52% by minimizing steps and transfer losses

  7. Back-to-back isolated photon-quarkonium production at the LHC and the transverse-momentum-dependent distributions of the gluons in the proton

    CERN Document Server

    Lansberg, J P

    2015-01-01

    The study of a quasi back-to-back isolated pair made of a heavy quarkonium, such as a J/psi or a Upsilon, and a photon produced in proton-proton collisions at the LHC, is probably the optimal way to get right away a first experimental determination of two gluon transverse-momentum-dependent distributions (TMDs) in an unpolarized proton, f1^g and h1^perp,g the latter giving the distribution of linearly polarized gluons. To substantiate this, we calculate the transverse-momentum-dependent effects that arise in the process under study and discuss the feasibility of their measurements.

  8. High Density Power Converters for Photovoltaic Power Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sangwan, Rahul

    In typical photovoltaic systems, PV cells are connected in series to achieve high output voltages, which decreases conduction losses and helps the downstream power electronics operate at higher efficiencies. A series connection means that the current through the string is limited by the worst case cell, substring, or module, which can result in suboptimal operation of the rest of the string. Given how even small shading can have a large effect on performance, there has been growing interest in the use of distributed power management architectures to mitigate losses from variation in PV systems. In particular, partial power processing converters have gained traction as a means to improve the performance of PV arrays with small, distributed converters that configure in parallel with PV cells. These converters can use low voltage components, only process a fraction of the total power allowing them to achieve higher efficiencies and power density and also have higher reliability. This work details the design and operation of a partial power processing converter implemented as a Resonant Switched Capacitor (ReSC) converter. An integrated circuit (IC) is designed in 0.18 mum CMOS process. Operation at high frequencies (20-50 MHz) allows high levels of integration with air core inductors directly attached to the die through a gold bump, solder reflow process. Test results for the IC are presented with power density and efficiency metrics. The IC is then used as a partial power processing converter to implement equalization with a specially constructed PV panel. The converter is shown to mitigate power loss due to mismatch.

  9. Thermal loading and reliability of 10 MW multilevel wind power converter at different wind roughness classes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Isidori, Andrea; Rossi, Fabio Mario; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2012-01-01

    This paper focuses on the design, thermal loading and reliability of a three-level Neutral Point Clamped (3-L NPC) back-to-back full scale converter for a 10 MW direct-drive wind turbine equipped with a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator (PMSG). The reliability performance of the three......-level converter is strongly influenced by the thermal behaviour of the semiconductor devices and their mission profile which directly affects the lifetime and the cost of the whole converter. Therefore, the simulation platform is developed in Matlab/Simulink and PLECS simulation environment to analyse the...... dynamics of the system using different kinds of modulation strategies and analyzing different wind load conditions dependent on roughness classes. It is concluded that 60° discontinuous PWM modulation strategies show better thermal performance and increase the estimated lifetime of the converter...

  10. DC Link Current Estimation in Wind-Double Feed Induction Generator Power Conditioning System

    OpenAIRE

    MARIAN GAICEANU; MADALIN COSTIN

    2010-01-01

    In this paper the implementation of the DC link current estimator in power conditioning system of the variable speed wind turbine is shown. The wind turbine is connected to double feed induction generator (DFIG). The variable electrical energy parameters delivered by DFIG are fitted with the electrical grid parameters through back-to-back power converter. The bidirectional AC-AC power converter covers a wide speed range from subsynchronous to supersynchronous speeds. The modern control of bac...

  11. Power Management and Distribution System Developed for Thermionic Power Converters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baez, Anastacio N.

    1998-01-01

    A spacecraft solar, bimodal system combines propulsion and power generation into a single integrated system. An Integrated Solar Upper Stage (ISUS) provides orbital transfer capabilities, power generation for payloads, and onboard propulsion to the spacecraft. A key benefit of a bimodal system is a greater payload-to-spacecraft mass ratio resulting in lower launch vehicle requirements. Scaling down to smaller launch vehicles increases space access by reducing overall mission cost. NASA has joined efforts with the Air Force Phillips Laboratory to develop enabling technologies for such a system. The NASA/Air Force bimodal concept uses solar concentrators to focus energy into an integrated power plant. This power plant consists of a graphite core that stores thermal energy within a cavity. An array of thermionic converters encircles the graphite cavity and provides electrical energy conversion functions. During the power generation phase of the bimodal system, the thermionic converters are exposed to the heated cavity and convert the thermal energy to electricity. Near-term efforts of the ISUS bimodal program are focused on a ground demonstration of key technologies in order to proceed to a full space flight test. Thermionic power generation is one key technology of the bimodal concept. Thermionic power converters impose unique operating requirements upon a power management and distribution (PMAD) system design. Single thermionic converters supply large currents at very low voltages. Operating voltages can vary over a range of up to 3 to 1 as a function of operating temperature. Most spacecraft loads require regulated 28-volts direct-current (Vdc) power. A combination of series-connected converters and powerprocessing boosters is required to deliver power to the spacecraft's payloads at this level.

  12. Suppression of back-to-back hadron pairs at forward rapidity in d+Au Collisions at sqrt(s_NN)=200 GeV

    CERN Document Server

    Adare, A; Aidala, C; Ajitanand, N N; Akiba, Y; Al-Bataineh, H; Alexander, J; Angerami, A; Aoki, K; Apadula, N; Aramaki, Y; Atomssa, E T; Averbeck, R; Awes, T C; Azmoun, B; Babintsev, V; Bai, M; Baksay, G; Baksay, L; Barish, K N; Bassalleck, B; Basye, A T; Bathe, S; Baublis, V; Baumann, C; Bazilevsky, A; Belikov, S; Belmont, R; Bennett, R; Berdnikov, A; Berdnikov, Y; Bhom, J H; Blau, D S; Bok, J S; Boyle, K; Brooks, M L; Buesching, H; Bumazhnov, V; Bunce, G; Butsyk, S; Campbell, S; Caringi, A; Chen, C -H; Chi, C Y; Chiu, M; Choi, I J; Choi, J B; Choudhury, R K; Christiansen, P; Chujo, T; Chung, P; Chvala, O; Cianciolo, V; Citron, Z; Cole, B A; del Valle, Z Conesa; Connors, M; Csanád, M; Csörgő, T; Dahms, T; Dairaku, S; Danchev, I; Das, K; Datta, A; David, G; Dayananda, M K; Denisov, A; Deshpande, A; Desmond, E J; Dharmawardane, K V; Dietzsch, O; Dion, A; Donadelli, M; Drapier, O; Drees, A; Drees, K A; Durham, J M; Durum, A; Dutta, D; D'Orazio, L; Edwards, S; Efremenko, Y V; Ellinghaus, F; Engelmore, T; Enokizono, A; En'yo, H; Esumi, S; Fadem, B; Fields, D E; Finger, M; Finger, M; Fleuret, F; Fokin, S L; Fraenkel, Z; Frantz, J E; Franz, A; Frawley, A D; Fujiwara, K; Fukao, Y; Fusayasu, T; Garishvili, I; Glenn, A; Gong, H; Gonin, M; Goto, Y; de Cassagnac, R Granier; Grau, N; Greene, S V; Grim, G; Perdekamp, M Grosse; Gunji, T; Gustafsson, H -Å; Haggerty, J S; Hahn, K I; Hamagaki, H; Hamblen, J; Han, R; Hanks, J; Haslum, E; Hayano, R; He, X; Heffner, M; Hemmick, T K; Hester, T; Hill, J C; Hohlmann, M; Holzmann, W; Homma, K; Hong, B; Horaguchi, T; Hornback, D; Huang, S; Ichihara, T; Ichimiya, R; Ikeda, Y; Imai, K; Inaba, M; Isenhower, D; Ishihara, M; Issah, M; Isupov, A; Ivanischev, D; Iwanaga, Y; Jacak, B V; Jia, J; Jiang, X; Jin, J; Johnson, B M; Jones, T; Joo, K S; Jouan, D; Jumper, D S; Kajihara, F; Kamin, J; Kang, J H; Kapustinsky, J; Karatsu, K; Kasai, M; Kawall, D; Kawashima, M; Kazantsev, A V; Kempel, T; Khanzadeev, A; Kijima, K M; Kikuchi, J; Kim, A; Kim, B I; Kim, D J; Kim, E J; Kim, Y -J; Kinney, E; Kiss, Á; Kistenev, E; Kochenda, L; Komkov, B; Konno, M; Koster, J; Král, A; Kravitz, A; Kunde, G J; Kurita, K; Kurosawa, M; Kwon, Y; Kyle, G S; Lacey, R; Lai, Y S; Lajoie, J G; Lebedev, A; Lee, D M; Lee, J; Lee, K B; Lee, K S; Leitch, M J; Leite, M A L; Li, X; Lichtenwalner, P; Liebing, P; Levy, L A Linden; Liška, T; Litvinenko, A; Liu, H; Liu, M X; Love, B; Lynch, D; Maguire, C F; Makdisi, Y I; Malakhov, A; Malik, M D; Manko, V I; Mannel, E; Mao, Y; Masui, H; Matathias, F; McCumber, M; McGaughey, P L; Means, N; Meredith, B; Miake, Y; Mibe, T; Mignerey, A C; Miki, K; Milov, A; Mitchell, J T; Mohanty, A K; Moon, H J; Morino, Y; Morreale, A; Morrison, D P; Moukhanova, T V; Murakami, T; Murata, J; Nagamiya, S; Nagle, J L; Naglis, M; Nagy, M I; Nakagawa, I; Nakamiya, Y; Nakamura, K R; Nakamura, T; Nakano, K; Nam, S; Newby, J; Nguyen, M; Nihashi, M; Nouicer, R; Nyanin, A S; Oakley, C; O'Brien, E; Oda, S X; Ogilvie, C A; Oka, M; Okada, K; Onuki, Y; Oskarsson, A; Ouchida, M; Ozawa, K; Pak, R; Pantuev, V; Papavassiliou, V; Park, I H; Park, S K; Park, W J; Pate, S F; Pei, H; Peng, J -C; Pereira, H; Peresedov, V; Peressounko, D Yu; Petti, R; Pinkenburg, C; Pisani, R P; Proissl, M; Purschke, M L; Qu, H; Rak, J; Ravinovich, I; Read, K F; Reygers, K; Riabov, V; Riabov, Y; Richardson, E; Roach, D; Roche, G; Rolnick, S D; Rosati, M; Rosen, C A; Rosendahl, S S E; Rukoyatkin, P; Ružička, P; Sahlmueller, B; Saito, N; Sakaguchi, T; Sakashita, K; Samsonov, V; Sano, S; Sato, T; Sawada, S; Sedgwick, K; Seele, J; Seidl, R; Seto, R; Sharma, D; Shein, I; Shibata, T -A; Shigaki, K; Shimomura, M; Shoji, K; Shukla, P; Sickles, A; Silva, C L; Silvermyr, D; Silvestre, C; Sim, K S; Singh, B K; Singh, C P; Singh, V; Slunečka, M; Soltz, R A; Sondheim, W E; Sorensen, S P; Sourikova, I V; Stankus, P W; Stenlund, E; Stoll, S P; Sugitate, T; Sukhanov, A; Sziklai, J; Takagui, E M; Taketani, A; Tanabe, R; Tanaka, Y; Taneja, S; Tanida, K; Tannenbaum, M J; Tarafdar, S; Taranenko, A; Themann, H; Thomas, D; Thomas, T L; Togawa, M; Toia, A; Tomášek, L; Torii, H; Towell, R S; Tserruya, I; Tsuchimoto, Y; Vale, C; Valle, H; van Hecke, H W; Vazquez-Zambrano, E; Veicht, A; Velkovska, J; Vértesi, R; Virius, M; Vrba, V; Vznuzdaev, E; Wang, X R; Watanabe, D; Watanabe, K; Watanabe, Y; Wei, F; Wei, R; Wessels, J; White, S N; Winter, D; Woody, C L; Wright, R M; Wysocki, M; Yamaguchi, Y L; Yamaura, K; Yang, R; Yanovich, A; Ying, J; Yokkaichi, S; You, Z; Young, G R; Younus, I; Yushmanov, I E; Zajc, W A; Zhou, S; Zolin, L

    2011-01-01

    Back-to-back hadron pair yields in d+Au and p+p collisions at sqrt(s_NN)=200 GeV were measured with the PHENIX detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. Rapidity separated hadron pairs were detected with the trigger hadron at pseudorapidity |eta|<0.35 and the associated hadron at forward rapidity (deuteron direction, 3.0back-to-back hadron pairs in d+Au collisions with small impact parameters is observed to be suppressed by a factor of 10 relative to p+p collisions. The kinematics of these pairs is expected to probe partons in the Au nucleus with low fraction x of the nucleon momenta, where the gluon densities rise sharply. The observed suppression as a function of nuclear thickness, p_T, and eta points to cold nuclear matter effects arising at high parton densities in the nucleus probed by the deuteron.

  13. Suppression of back-to-back hadron pairs at forward rapidity in d+Au collisions at √s(NN)=200 GeV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adare, A; Afanasiev, S; Aidala, C; Ajitanand, N N; Akiba, Y; Al-Bataineh, H; Alexander, J; Angerami, A; Aoki, K; Apadula, N; Aramaki, Y; Atomssa, E T; Averbeck, R; Awes, T C; Azmoun, B; Babintsev, V; Bai, M; Baksay, G; Baksay, L; Barish, K N; Bassalleck, B; Basye, A T; Bathe, S; Baublis, V; Baumann, C; Bazilevsky, A; Belikov, S; Belmont, R; Bennett, R; Berdnikov, A; Berdnikov, Y; Bhom, J H; Blau, D S; Bok, J S; Boyle, K; Brooks, M L; Buesching, H; Bumazhnov, V; Bunce, G; Butsyk, S; Campbell, S; Caringi, A; Chen, C-H; Chi, C Y; Chiu, M; Choi, I J; Choi, J B; Choudhury, R K; Christiansen, P; Chujo, T; Chung, P; Chvala, O; Cianciolo, V; Citron, Z; Cole, B A; Conesa del Valle, Z; Connors, M; Csanád, M; Csörgo, T; Dahms, T; Dairaku, S; Danchev, I; Das, K; Datta, A; David, G; Dayananda, M K; Denisov, A; Deshpande, A; Desmond, E J; Dharmawardane, K V; Dietzsch, O; Dion, A; Donadelli, M; Drapier, O; Drees, A; Drees, K A; Durham, J M; Durum, A; Dutta, D; D'Orazio, L; Edwards, S; Efremenko, Y V; Ellinghaus, F; Engelmore, T; Enokizono, A; En'yo, H; Esumi, S; Fadem, B; Fields, D E; Finger, M; Finger, M; Fleuret, F; Fokin, S L; Fraenkel, Z; Frantz, J E; Franz, A; Frawley, A D; Fujiwara, K; Fukao, Y; Fusayasu, T; Garishvili, I; Glenn, A; Gong, H; Gonin, M; Goto, Y; Granier de Cassagnac, R; Grau, N; Greene, S V; Grim, G; Grosse Perdekamp, M; Gunji, T; Gustafsson, H-Å; Haggerty, J S; Hahn, K I; Hamagaki, H; Hamblen, J; Han, R; Hanks, J; Haslum, E; Hayano, R; He, X; Heffner, M; Hemmick, T K; Hester, T; Hill, J C; Hohlmann, M; Holzmann, W; Homma, K; Hong, B; Horaguchi, T; Hornback, D; Huang, S; Ichihara, T; Ichimiya, R; Ikeda, Y; Imai, K; Inaba, M; Isenhower, D; Ishihara, M; Issah, M; Isupov, A; Ivanischev, D; Iwanaga, Y; Jacak, B V; Jia, J; Jiang, X; Jin, J; Johnson, B M; Jones, T; Joo, K S; Jouan, D; Jumper, D S; Kajihara, F; Kamin, J; Kang, J H; Kapustinsky, J; Karatsu, K; Kasai, M; Kawall, D; Kawashima, M; Kazantsev, A V; Kempel, T; Khanzadeev, A; Kijima, K M; Kikuchi, J; Kim, A; Kim, B I; Kim, D J; Kim, E J; Kim, Y-J; Kinney, E; Kiss, Á; Kistenev, E; Kochenda, L; Komkov, B; Konno, M; Koster, J; Král, A; Kravitz, A; Kunde, G J; Kurita, K; Kurosawa, M; Kwon, Y; Kyle, G S; Lacey, R; Lai, Y S; Lajoie, J G; Lebedev, A; Lee, D M; Lee, J; Lee, K B; Lee, K S; Leitch, M J; Leite, M A L; Li, X; Lichtenwalner, P; Liebing, P; Linden Levy, L A; Liška, T; Litvinenko, A; Liu, H; Liu, M X; Love, B; Lynch, D; Maguire, C F; Makdisi, Y I; Malakhov, A; Malik, M D; Manko, V I; Mannel, E; Mao, Y; Masui, H; Matathias, F; McCumber, M; McGaughey, P L; Means, N; Meredith, B; Miake, Y; Mibe, T; Mignerey, A C; Miki, K; Milov, A; Mitchell, J T; Mohanty, A K; Moon, H J; Morino, Y; Morreale, A; Morrison, D P; Moukhanova, T V; Murakami, T; Murata, J; Nagamiya, S; Nagle, J L; Naglis, M; Nagy, M I; Nakagawa, I; Nakamiya, Y; Nakamura, K R; Nakamura, T; Nakano, K; Nam, S; Newby, J; Nguyen, M; Nihashi, M; Nouicer, R; Nyanin, A S; Oakley, C; O'Brien, E; Oda, S X; Ogilvie, C A; Oka, M; Okada, K; Onuki, Y; Oskarsson, A; Ouchida, M; Ozawa, K; Pak, R; Pantuev, V; Papavassiliou, V; Park, I H; Park, S K; Park, W J; Pate, S F; Pei, H; Peng, J-C; Pereira, H; Peresedov, V; Peressounko, D Yu; Petti, R; Pinkenburg, C; Pisani, R P; Proissl, M; Purschke, M L; Qu, H; Rak, J; Ravinovich, I; Read, K F; Reygers, K; Riabov, V; Riabov, Y; Richardson, E; Roach, D; Roche, G; Rolnick, S D; Rosati, M; Rosen, C A; Rosendahl, S S E; Rukoyatkin, P; Ružička, P; Sahlmueller, B; Saito, N; Sakaguchi, T; Sakashita, K; Samsonov, V; Sano, S; Sato, T; Sawada, S; Sedgwick, K; Seele, J; Seidl, R; Seto, R; Sharma, D; Shein, I; Shibata, T-A; Shigaki, K; Shimomura, M; Shoji, K; Shukla, P; Sickles, A; Silva, C L; Silvermyr, D; Silvestre, C; Sim, K S; Singh, B K; Singh, C P; Singh, V; Slunečka, M; Soltz, R A; Sondheim, W E; Sorensen, S P; Sourikova, I V; Stankus, P W; Stenlund, E; Stoll, S P; Sugitate, T; Sukhanov, A; Sziklai, J; Takagui, E M; Taketani, A; Tanabe, R; Tanaka, Y; Taneja, S; Tanida, K; Tannenbaum, M J; Tarafdar, S; Taranenko, A; Themann, H; Thomas, D; Thomas, T L; Togawa, M; Toia, A; Tomášek, L; Torii, H; Towell, R S; Tserruya, I; Tsuchimoto, Y; Vale, C; Valle, H; van Hecke, H W; Vazquez-Zambrano, E; Veicht, A; Velkovska, J; Vértesi, R; Virius, M; Vrba, V; Vznuzdaev, E; Wang, X R; Watanabe, D; Watanabe, K; Watanabe, Y; Wei, F; Wei, R; Wessels, J; White, S N; Winter, D; Woody, C L; Wright, R M; Wysocki, M; Yamaguchi, Y L; Yamaura, K; Yang, R; Yanovich, A; Ying, J; Yokkaichi, S; You, Z; Young, G R; Younus, I; Yushmanov, I E; Zajc, W A; Zhou, S; Zolin, L

    2011-10-21

    Back-to-back hadron pair yields in d+Au and p+p collisions at √s(NN)=200 GeV were measured with the PHENIX detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. Rapidity separated hadron pairs were detected with the trigger hadron at pseudorapidity |η|<0.35 and the associated hadron at forward rapidity (deuteron direction, 3.0<η<3.8). Pairs were also detected with both hadrons measured at forward rapidity; in this case, the yield of back-to-back hadron pairs in d+Au collisions with small impact parameters is observed to be suppressed by a factor of 10 relative to p+p collisions. The kinematics of these pairs is expected to probe partons in the Au nucleus with a low fraction x of the nucleon momenta, where the gluon densities rise sharply. The observed suppression as a function of nuclear thickness, p(T), and η points to cold nuclear matter effects arising at high parton densities. PMID:22107509

  14. High Efficiency Power Converter for Low Voltage High Power Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nymand, Morten

    , and remote power generation for light towers, camper vans, boats, beacons, and buoys etc. A review of current state-of-the-art is presented. The best performing converters achieve moderately high peak efficiencies at high input voltage and medium power level. However, system dimensioning and cost are often...

  15. High Efficiency Power Converter for Low Voltage High Power Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nymand, Morten

    remote power generation for light towers, camper vans, boats, beacons, and buoys etc. A review of current state-of-the-art is presented. The best performing converters achieve moderately high peak efficiencies at high input voltage and medium power level. However, system dimensioning and cost are often...

  16. Modular Power Converters for PV Applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL; Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL

    2012-05-01

    This report describes technical opportunities to serve as parts of a technological roadmap for Shoals Technologies Group in power electronics for PV applications. There are many different power converter circuits that can be used for solar inverter applications. The present applications do not take advantage of the potential for using common modules. We envision that the development of a power electronics module could enable higher reliability by being durable and flexible. Modules would have fault current limiting features and detection circuits such that they can limit the current through the module from external faults and can identify and isolate internal faults such that the remaining modules can continue to operate with only minimal disturbance to the utility or customer. Development of a reliable, efficient, low-cost, power electronics module will be a key enabling technology for harnessing more power from solar panels and enable plug and play operation. Power electronics for computer power supplies, communication equipment, and transportation have all targeted reliability and modularity as key requirements and have begun concerted efforts to replace monolithic components with collections of common smart modules. This is happening on several levels including (1) device level with intelligent control, (2) functional module level, and (3) system module. This same effort is needed in power electronics for solar applications. Development of modular units will result in standard power electronic converters that will have a lower installed and operating cost for the overall system. These units will lead to increased adaptability and flexibility of solar inverters. Incorporating autonomous fault current limiting and reconfiguration capabilities into the modules and having redundant modules will lead to a durable converter that can withstand the rigors of solar power generation for more than 30 years. Our vision for the technology roadmap is that there is no need

  17. A resonant dc-dc power converter assembly

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2015-01-01

    The present invention relates to a resonant DC-DC power converter assembly comprising a first resonant DC-DC power converter and a second resonant DC-DC power converter having identical circuit topologies. A first inductor of the first resonant DC-DC power converter and a second inductor of the...... second resonant DC-DC power converter are configured for magnetically coupling the first and second resonant DC-DC power converters to each other to forcing substantially 180 degrees phase shift, or forcing substantially 0 degree phase shift, between corresponding resonant voltage waveforms of the first...... and second resonant DC-DC power converters. The first and second inductors are corresponding components of the first and second resonant DC-DC power converters....

  18. CCLIBS: The CERN Power Converter Control Libraries

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(SzGeCERN)404953; Lebioda, Krzysztof Tomasz; Magrans De Abril, Marc; Martino, Michele; Murillo Garcia, Raul; Nicoletti, Achille

    2015-01-01

    Accurate control of power converters is a vital activity in large physics projects. Several different control scenarios may coexist, including regulation of a circuit’s voltage, current, or field strength within a magnet. Depending on the type of facility, a circuit’s reference value may be changed asynchronously or synchronously with other circuits. Synchronous changes may be on demand or under the control of a cyclic timing system. In other cases, the reference may be calculated in real-time by an outer regulation loop of some other quantity, such as the tune of the beam in a synchrotron. The power stage may be unipolar or bipolar in voltage and current. If it is unipolar in current, it may be used with a polarity switch. Depending on the design, the power stage may be controlled by a firing angle or PWM duty-cycle reference, or a voltage or current reference. All these cases are supported by the CERN Converter Control Libraries (CCLIBS). These open-source C libraries include advanced reference generati...

  19. Realization of the LEP power converters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After a phase of intensive and detailed preparation, which included preliminary inquiries to a wide variety of firms, more than forty contracts and large orders were placed with industry. They cover the power part of the converters for the magnet system, the RF klystrons and the vacuum pumps as well as the electronics for the supervision, control and local intelligence for these high-precision equipments. The first deliveries of the series production started in the second half of 1986 and by the end of 1987 most of the high-power units for the magnet system have been delivered to CERN. After thorough tests they are being installed in the LEP equipment buildings. This includes all the equipment necessary for the injection tests into LEP octant 1 to 2, scheduled for July '88. This paper reports that the tests on the prototype 100 kV, 40 A converter for the RF klystrons were successfully terminated with a full power run on the RF test string. The first sets of the series units are being delivered, tested and installed. An important aspect for obtaining high reliability lies in the automatic test procedures which are rigorously carried out, starting at the module level and ending at the complete equipment

  20. Impact of Wind Shear and Tower Shadow Effects on Power System with Large Scale Wind Power Penetration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hu, Weihao; Su, Chi; Chen, Zhe

    presents a simulation model of a variable speed wind farm with permanent magnet synchronous generators (PMSGs) and fullscale back-to-back converters in the simulation tool of DIgSILENT/PowerFactory. In this paper, the impacts of wind shear and tower shadow effects on the small signal stability of power...... systems with large scale wind power penetrations are investigated during continuous operation based on the wind turbine model and the power system model....

  1. Power converters for medium voltage networks

    CERN Document Server

    Islam, Md Rabiul; Zhu, Jianguo

    2014-01-01

    This book examines a number of topics, mainly in connection with advances in semiconductor devices and magnetic materials and developments in medium and large-scale renewable power plant technologies, grid integration techniques and new converter topologies, including advanced digital control systems for medium-voltage networks. The book's individual chapters provide an extensive compilation of fundamental theories and in-depth information on current research and development trends, while also exploring new approaches to overcoming some critical limitations of conventional grid integration te

  2. Thermal Loading and Reliability of 10 MW Multilevel Wind Power Converter at Different Wind Roughness Classes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Isidori, Andrea; Rossi, Fabio Mario; Blaabjerg, Frede;

    2014-01-01

    This paper focuses on the design, thermal loading, and reliability of a three-level neutral-point-clamped back-to-back full-scale converter for a 10-MW direct-drive wind turbine equipped with a permanent-magnet synchronous generator. The reliability performance of the three-level converter is...... strongly influenced by the thermal behavior of the semiconductor devices and their mission profile which directly affects the lifetime and the cost of the entire converter. Therefore, a simulation platform is developed in a Matlab/Simulink and PLECS simulation environment to analyze the dynamics of the...... system using different kinds of modulation strategies and analyzing the different wind-load conditions that are dependent on roughness classes. This paper shows that the 60 ° discontinuous pulsewidth-modulation strategies allow better thermal performance and increase the estimated lifetime of the...

  3. Microcontroller based phase control circuit for resonant power converters

    OpenAIRE

    Milcevski, Dejan; Stefanov, Goce; Karadzinov, Ljupco

    2011-01-01

    A microcontroller based circuit is developed for driving the IGBT switches of a bridge resonant power converter used for induction heating of metals. When a resonant power converter is used for induction heating the load is variable due to the effects of the heating process making the converter to operate out of resonance. This effect decreases the converter output power and increases switching loses. In order to maintain constant output power operating constantly on the resonant frequency a ...

  4. A New Hard Switching Bidirectional Converter With High Power Density

    OpenAIRE

    Bahador Fani; Majid Delshad; Daryoosh Nazarpour

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, a new isolated dc-dc bidirectional converter is proposed. This converter consists of two transformers (flyback and forward) and only one switch in primary side and one switch in secondary side of transformers. In this converter energy transfers to the output in both on and off switch states so power density of this converter is high This converter controlled by PWM signal. Also this converter operates over a wide input voltage range. Theoretical analysis is presented and compu...

  5. One-Quadrant Switched-Mode Power Converters

    CERN Document Server

    Petrocelli, R

    2015-01-01

    This article presents the main topics related to one-quadrant power convert- ers. The basic topologies are analysed and a simple methodology to obtain the steady-state output–input voltage ratio is set out. A short discussion of dif- ferent methods to control one-quadrant power converters is presented. Some of the reported derived topologies of one-quadrant power converters are also considered. Some topics related to one-quadrant power converters such as syn- chronous rectification, hard and soft commutation, and interleaved converters are discussed. Finally, a brief introduction to resonant converters is given.

  6. High Power Density Power Electronic Converters for Large Wind Turbines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Senturk, Osman Selcuk

    -scale 3L-VSC laboratory prototype. Using these validated models, the power density assessments, which include converter power capability and volume determinations, and the reliability assessments, which are based on statistical failure rates of IGBTs and DC capacitors and based on IGBT lifetime determined......In large wind turbines (in MW and multi-MW ranges), which are extensively utilized in wind power plants, full-scale medium voltage (MV) multi-level (ML) voltage source converters (VSCs) are being more preferably employed nowadays for interfacing these wind turbines with electricity grids. For these...... VSCs, high power density is required due to limited turbine nacelle space. Also, high reliability is required since maintenance cost of these remotely located wind turbines is quite high and these turbines operate under harsh operating conditions. In order to select a high power density and reliability...

  7. 直流背靠背换流站设计探讨%Design of Back-to-Back Converter Station in HVDC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁言桥

    2006-01-01

    结合西北与华中联网灵宝直流背靠背换流站工程的设计总结,分析了直流背靠背换流站工程设计中的特点,提出了直流背靠背换流站工程中需要探讨的问题和建议.

  8. Look who’s talking: Pre-verbal infants’ perception of face-to-face and back-to-back social interactions.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AnnikaMelinder

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Four-, 6-, and 11-month old infants were presented with movies in which two adult actors conversed about everyday events, either by facing each other or looking in opposite directions. Infants from 6 months of age made more gaze shifts between the actors, in accordance with the flow of conversation, when the actors were facing each other. A second experiment demonstrated that gaze following alone did not cause this difference. Instead the results are consistent with a social cognitive interpretation, suggesting that infants perceive the difference between face-to-face and back-to-back conversations and that they prefer to attend to a typical pattern of social interaction from 6 months of age.

  9. Power Electronics Converters for Variable Speed Pump Storage

    OpenAIRE

    Othman Hassan Abdalla; Minxiao Han

    2012-01-01

    This paper proposed the power electronics solution to obtain variable speed of the variable-speed pump storage The study focused on the types of variable-speed pump storage consists of doubly fed asynchronous machine and power electronics converter. Power Electronics converters used in this model are cycloconverter, two levels, three levels voltage source- converter and H-bridge cascaded eleven levels converters. The total harmonic distortions of rotor currents of Doubly fed asychronous machi...

  10. Three-phase AC-AC power converters based on matrix converter topology matrix-reactance frequency converters concept

    CERN Document Server

    Szczesniak, Pawel

    2013-01-01

    AC voltage frequency changes is one of the most important functions of solid state power converters. The most desirable features in frequency converters are the ability to generate load voltages with arbitrary amplitude and frequency, sinusoidal currents and voltages waveforms; the possibility of providing unity power factor for any load; and, finally, a simple and compact power circuit. Over the past decades, a number of different frequency converter topologies have appeared in the literature, but only the converters with either a voltage or current DC link are commonly used in industrial app

  11. A Technique for Mitigating Thermal Stress and Extending Life Cycle of Power Electronic Converters Used for Wind Turbines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Canras Batunlu

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Over the last two decades, various models have been developed to assess and improve the reliability of power electronic conversion systems (PECs with a focus on those used for wind turbines. However, only few studies have dealt with mitigating the PECs thermo-mechanical effects on their reliability taking into account variations in wind characteristics. This work critically investigates this issue and attempts to offer a mitigating technique by, first, developing realistic full scale (FS and partial scale (PS induction generator models combined with two level back-to-back PECs. Subsequently, deriving a driving algorithm, which reduces PEC’s operating temperature by controlling its switching patterns. The developed switching procedure ensures minimum temperature fluctuations by adapting the variable DC link and system’s frequency of operation. It was found for both FS and PS topologies, that the generator side converters have higher mean junction temperatures where the grid side ones have more fluctuations on their thermal profile. The FS and PS cycling temperatures were reduced by 12 °C and 5 °C, respectively. Moreover, this led to a significant improvement in stress; approximately 27 MPa stress reduction for the FS induction generator PEC.

  12. Improved Parallel Boost Power Converter for Power Factor Correction

    OpenAIRE

    T. Ajith Bosco Raj; Ramesh, R.

    2014-01-01

    The main objective of the study is to analysis and design parallel boost power converter for power factor correction using an active filtering approach by implementing single-phase soft-switching technique with an active snubber circuit. Zero voltage transition to turn ON and zero current transition to turn OFF is implemented by the active snubber circuit for the main switches with no any further current or voltage strains. By zero-current switching without the need of added voltage stress, a...

  13. Optimizing design of converters using power cycling lifetime models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Rasmus Ørndrup; Munk-Nielsen, Stig

    2015-01-01

    Converter power cycling lifetime depends heavily on converter operation point. A lifetime model of a single power module switched mode power supply with wide input voltage range is shown. A lifetime model is created using a power loss model, a thermal model and a model for power cycling capability...... with a given mission profile. A method to improve the expected lifetime of the converter is presented, taking into account switching frequency, input voltage and transformer turns ratio....

  14. Power electronic converters and systems frontiers and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Trzynadlowski, Andrzej M

    2016-01-01

    Power electronics is a branch of electrical engineering dealing with conversion and control of electric power using semiconductor power switches. This book provides an overview of modern power electronic converters and systems, and their applications.

  15. Piezoelectric power converter with bi-directional power transfer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2014-01-01

    The present invention relates to a bi-directional piezoelectric power converter com¬ prising a piezoelectric transformer. The piezoelectric transformer comprises an input electrode electrically coupled to a primary section of the piezoelectric transformer and an output electrode electrically...... coupled to an output section of the piezoelectric transformer to provide a transformer output signal. A bi-directional switching circuit is coupled between the output electrode and a DC or AC output voltage of the power converter. Forward and reverse current conducting periods of the bi......, a reverse current is conducted through the bi-directional switching circuit from the DC or AC output voltage to the output electrode to discharge the DC or AC output voltage and return power to the primary section of the piezoelectric transformer....

  16. Synchronously Driven Power Converter Controller Solution for MedAustron

    CERN Document Server

    Šepetavc, Luka; Tavčar, Rok; Moser, Roland; Gutleber, Johannes

    2011-01-01

    MedAustron is an ion beam cancer therapy and research centre currently under construction in Wiener Neustadt, Austria. This facility features a synchrotron particle accelerator for light ions. Cosylab is closely working together with MedAustron on the development of a power converter controller (PCC) for the 260 deployed power converterspower supplies. Power converters deliver power to magnets used for focusing and steering particle beams. We have designed and developed software and hardware which allows integration of different types of power converters into MedAustron's control system (MACS). PCC's role is to synchronously control and monitor connected power converters. Custom real-time fibre optics link and modular front end devices have been designed for this purpose. Modular front end devices make it possible to interface with almost any type of power converter – with or without built in regulation logic. We implemented realtime mechanisms and a dedicated real-time fibre link to ...

  17. A New Hard Switching Bidirectional Converter With High Power Density

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahador Fani

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, a new isolated dc-dc bidirectional converter is proposed. This converter consists of two transformers (flyback and forward and only one switch in primary side and one switch in secondary side of transformers. In this converter energy transfers to the output in both on and off switch states so power density of this converter is high This converter controlled by PWM signal. Also this converter operates over a wide input voltage range. Theoretical analysis is presented and computer simulation and experimental results verify the converter analysis.

  18. Piezoelectric power converter with bi-directional power transfer

    OpenAIRE

    Meyer, Kaspar Sinding; Rødgaard, Martin Schøler; Andersen, Michael A. E.; Andersen, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    The present invention relates to a bi-directional piezoelectric power converter com¬ prising a piezoelectric transformer. The piezoelectric transformer comprises an input electrode electrically coupled to a primary section of the piezoelectric transformer and an output electrode electrically coupled to an output section of the piezoelectric transformer to provide a transformer output signal. A bi-directional switching circuit is coupled between the output electrode and a DC or AC output volta...

  19. Heavy-power converters in electrical power industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Posse, A.V.; Merzhevskiy, V.A.

    1985-08-01

    Power semiconductor devices, specifically thyristors, are increasingly used for conversion of electric energy in power generation and transmission systems. The two major applications are a.c. to d.c. conversion for d.c. power transmission from synchronous a.c. generators or d.c. power insertion into network ties and d.c. to a.c. conversion for a.c. power transmission from MHD d.c. generators. They are also used with energy storing capacitors for peak-load coverage and with controllable sources of reactive power as static compensators. Other applications include frequency-controlled starting of large synchronous machines, with the converter operating first in the pulse mode at very low speeds and then switched to the continuous mode as the speed increases, speed control of squirrel-cage induction motors, contactless switching and current limiting especially for protective purposes, energizing of electric air filters, and emergency group-sequential load throw-off. The converting equipment is usually installed in substations or in the main plant.

  20. High-power converters for space applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, J. N.; Cooper, Randy

    1991-01-01

    Phase 1 was a concept definition effort to extend space-type dc/dc converter technology to the megawatt level with a weight of less than 0.1 kg/kW (220 lb./MW). Two system designs were evaluated in Phase 1. Each design operates from a 5 kV stacked fuel cell source and provides a voltage step-up to 100 kV at 10 A for charging capacitors (100 pps at a duty cycle of 17 min on, 17 min off). Both designs use an MCT-based, full-bridge inverter, gaseous hydrogen cooling, and crowbar fault protection. The GE-CRD system uses an advanced high-voltage transformer/rectifier filter is series with a resonant tank circuit, driven by an inverter operating at 20 to 50 kHz. Output voltage is controlled through frequency and phase shift control. Fast transient response and stability is ensured via optimal control. Super-resonant operation employing MCTs provides the advantages of lossless snubbing, no turn-on switching loss, use of medium-speed diodes, and intrinsic current limiting under load-fault conditions. Estimated weight of the GE-CRD system is 88 kg (1.5 cu ft.). Efficiency of 94.4 percent and total system loss is 55.711 kW operating at 1 MW load power. The Maxwell system is based on a resonance transformer approach using a cascade of five LC resonant sections at 100 kHz. The 5 kV bus is converted to a square wave, stepped-up to a 100 kV sine wave by the LC sections, rectified, and filtered. Output voltage is controlled with a special series regulator circuit. Estimated weight of the Maxwell system is 83.8 kg (4.0 cu ft.). Efficiency is 87.2 percent and total system loss is 146.411 kW operating at 1 MW load power.

  1. Four-quadrant flyback converter for direct audio power amplification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ljusev, Petar; Andersen, Michael Andreas E.

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a bidirectional, four-quadrant flyback converter for use in direct audio power amplification. When compared to the standard Class-D switching audio power amplifier with a separate power supply, the proposed four-quadrant flyback converter provides simple solution with better...

  2. High Efficiency Hall Thruster Discharge Power Converter Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Busek leveraged previous, internally sponsored, high power, Hall thruster discharge converter development which allowed it to design, build, and test new printed...

  3. Estimation on the switching losses at IGBT bridges power converter

    OpenAIRE

    Stefanov, Goce; Karacinov, Ljupco; Cundev, Dobri

    2011-01-01

    ABSTRACT. In the paper estimation on the switching losses at IGBT bridge converter with the output serial resonant load is given. The converter works on frequency higher than resonant frequency and supports the work of IGBT transistors in the bridge with zero voltage turn on. In the analysis of the converter, PowerSim and SemiSiel simulation programs is used. The results to the switching losses estimated by simulation are compared with the results in a practical realized converter.

  4. Three Phase Resonant DC Power Converter for Ion Thrusters Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Our phase 1 study has revealed many significant benefits of a new class of DC-to-DC power converters with performance that cannot be matched by current flight power...

  5. Single phase AC-DC power factor corrected converter with high frequency isolation using buck converter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Ramesh,

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Single phase ac-dc converters having high frequency isolation are implemented in buck, boost, buck-boost configuration with improving the power quality in terms of reducing the harmonics of input current. The paperpropose the circuit configuration, control mechanism, and simulation result for the single phase ac-dc converter.

  6. Power electronic converters PWM strategies and current control techniques

    CERN Document Server

    Monmasson, Eric

    2013-01-01

    A voltage converter changes the voltage of an electrical power source and is usually combined with other components to create a power supply. This title is devoted to the control of static converters, which deals with pulse-width modulation (PWM) techniques, and also discusses methods for current control. Various application cases are treated. The book is ideal for professionals in power engineering, power electronics, and electric drives industries, as well as practicing engineers, university professors, postdoctoral fellows, and graduate students.

  7. Power Electronics Converters for Variable Speed Pump Storage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Othman Hassan Abdalla

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposed the power electronics solution to obtain variable speed of the variable-speed pump storage The study focused on the types of variable-speed pump storage consists of doubly fed asynchronous machine and power electronics converter. Power Electronics converters used in this model are cycloconverter, two levels, three levels voltage source- converter and H-bridge cascaded eleven levels converters. The total harmonic distortions of rotor currents of Doubly fed asychronous machine and speed change for each type of converters are analyzed. Study explained the H-bridge eleven level converter is the best solution than other types.All simulation models depended on the used of PSIM software program.

  8. Sliding mode control of switching power converters techniques and implementation

    CERN Document Server

    Tan, Siew-Chong; Tse, Chi-Kong

    2011-01-01

    Sliding Mode Control of Switching Power Converters: Techniques and Implementation is perhaps the first in-depth account of how sliding mode controllers can be practically engineered to optimize control of power converters. A complete understanding of this process is timely and necessary, as the electronics industry moves toward the use of renewable energy sources and widely varying loads that can be adequately supported only by power converters using nonlinear controllers.Of the various advanced control methods used to handle the complex requirements of power conversion systems, sliding mode c

  9. The New Modular Control System for Power Converters at CERN

    CERN Document Server

    Di Cosmo, Matteo

    2015-01-01

    The CERN accelerator complex consists of several generations of particle accelerators, with around 5000 power converters supplying regulated current and voltage to normal and superconducting magnet circuits. Today around 12 generations of converter control platforms can be found in the accelerator complex, ranging in age and technology. The diversity of these platforms has a significant impact on operability, maintenance and support of power converters. Over the past few years a new generation of modular controls called RegFGC3 has been developed by CERN’s power conversion group, with a goal to provide a standardised control platform, supporting a wide variety of converter topologies. The aim of this project is to reduce maintenance costs by decreasing the variety and diversity of control systems whilst simultaneously improving the operability and reliability of power converters and their controls. This paper describes the state of the on-going design and realization of the RegFGC3 platform, focusing on fun...

  10. Device Loading of Modular Multilevel Converter in Wind Power

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Popova, L.; Ma, Ke; Blaabjerg, Frede; Pyrhonen, J.

    2015-01-01

    Modular multilevel converter (MMC) is a recently emerged multilevel topology for high-voltage high-power applications. However, in wind power applications, to the best of the authors knowledge, the performance of the MMC has not been extensively investigated. In this paper, the application of the...... MMC to wind energy systems is studied. The converters used to connect the wind turbine to the grid, which have rated active powers of 2MW and 10MW, are proposed and investigated. The electrical losses and thermal loading of the power devices in the proposed converter solutions are analyzed based on...... the gird conditions/requirements for wind power. The efficiency of the MMC under different P/Q boundaries defined by grid codes is investigated and compared with two-level (2L) and three-level (3L) neutral point clamped converters. It is concluded that it is possible to use the MMC in wind power...

  11. Lifetime estimation for the power semiconductors considering mission profiles in wind power converter

    OpenAIRE

    Ma, Ke; Liserre, Marco; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2013-01-01

    As a key component in the wind turbine system, power electronic converter and its power semiconductors suffer from adverse power loadings related to environment, and are proven to have certain failure rates. Therefore, correct lifetime estimation of wind power converter is crucial for the reliability improvement and also for cost reduction of wind power technology. Unfortunately, the existing lifetime estimation methods for the power electronic converter are not yet suitable in the wind power...

  12. Solar Photovoltaic Powered Sailing Boat Using Buck Converter

    OpenAIRE

    Soumya Das; Pradip Kumar Sadhu; Nitai Pal; Gourav Majumdar; Saswata Mukherjee

    2015-01-01

    The main objective of this paper is to establish technical and economical aspects of the application of stand-alone photovoltaic (PV) system in sailing boat using a buck converter in order to enhance the power generation and also to minimize the cost. Performance and control of dc-dc converter, suitable for photovoltaic (PV) applications, is presented here. A buck converter is employed here which extracts complete power from the PV source and feeds into the dc load. The power, which is fed in...

  13. On and off controlled resonant dc-dc power converter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2015-01-01

    The present invention relates to a resonant DC-DC power converter comprising an input side circuit comprising a positive and a negative input terminal for receipt of an input voltage or current and an output side circuit comprising positive and negative output terminals for supply of a converter...... output voltage and connection to a converter load. The resonant DC-DC power converter further comprises a rectification circuit connected between an output of a resonant network and the output side circuit. The resonant network is configured for alternatingly being charged from the input voltage or...... current and discharged through the rectification circuit by a first controllable switch arrangement in accordance with a first switch control signal. A second controllable switch arrangement of the resonant DC-DC power converter is configured to select a first impedance characteristic of the resonant...

  14. Power electronic converters modeling and control with case studies

    CERN Document Server

    Bacha, Seddik; Bratcu, Antoneta Iuliana

    2014-01-01

    Modern power electronic converters are involved in a very broad spectrum of applications: switched-mode power supplies, electrical-machine-motion-control, active power filters, distributed power generation, flexible AC transmission systems, renewable energy conversion systems and vehicular technology, among them. Power Electronics Converters Modeling and Control teaches the reader how to analyze and model the behavior of converters and so to improve their design and control. Dealing with a set of confirmed algorithms specifically developed for use with power converters, this text is in two parts: models and control methods. The first is a detailed exposition of the most usual power converter models: ·        switched and averaged models; ·        small/large-signal models; and ·        time/frequency models. The second focuses on three groups of control methods: ·        linear control approaches normally associated with power converters; ·        resonant controllers b...

  15. A generic converter for experimentation based power electronics learning

    OpenAIRE

    Leite, V; Barbosa, José; Teixeira, H.; Araújo, R.

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a low cost, modular, configurable and fully protected education tool based on a generic electronic converter to be used by students, providing them with skills regarding power electronics and converters, and enabling them to learn from experience the most important issues concerning DC and AC electric drives.

  16. Advanced catalytic converter system for natural gas powered diesel engines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Strots, V.O.; Bunimovich, G.A.; Matros, Y.S. [Matros Technologies Inc., Chesterfield, Missouri (United States); Zheng, M.; Mirosh, E.A. [Alternative Fuel Systems Inc., Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

    1998-12-31

    The paper discusses the development of catalytic converter for aftertreatment of exhaust gas from diesel engines powered with natural gas. The converter, operated with periodical reversals of the flow, ensures destruction of CO and hydrocarbons, including methane. Both computer simulation and engine testing results are presented. 8 refs.

  17. Thermoelectric converter modeling in nuclear space power conversion and regulation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thermoelectric converters are being used on low power planetary spacecraft. The same type of conversion was considered for Ground Engineering System development of nuclear power generation under the SP-100 program for high power earth orbiting spacecraft. Here, the baseline design is aimed at generating power using a nuclear reactor to produce heat, a thermoelectric converter to produce electricity, a power regulator to match the output to changing payload demands, and a thermal radiator to dissipate waste heat. The converter performance has to be evaluated considering its characteristics. The characteristics and constraints imposed by the nuclear reactor, the payloads and regulator, and the waste heat radiator should be conformed to. Presented here are a thermodynamic reversible engine model for the thermoelectric converter, and its application to evaluate the converter and system performance under steady-state and transient thermal conditions due to load changes. The type of output voltage regulator, either a series or shunt, has an impact on the converter performance. This impact is evaluated and advantages and disadvantages of both are indicated. The converter performance is evaluated along its voltage-current characteristics. Influence of the conversion efficiency is assessed on thermal distribution and electrical output

  18. Intercooled Turbo-Brayton Power Converter for Spaceflight Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Future NASA space missions require advanced systems to convert thermal energy into electric power. These systems must be reliable, efficient, and lightweight. In...

  19. Turbo-Brayton Power Converter for Spaceflight Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Future NASA space missions require advanced systems to convert thermal energy into electric power. These systems must be reliable, efficient, and lightweight. In...

  20. Voltage and current spectra for matrix power converters

    OpenAIRE

    Cox, Stephen M.; Creagh, Stephen C.

    2009-01-01

    Matrix power converters are used for transforming one alternating-current power supply to another, with different peak voltage and frequency. There are three input lines, with sinusoidally varying voltages which are 120◦ out of phase one from another, and the output is to be delivered as a similar three-phase supply. The matrix converter switches rapidly, to connect each output line in sequence to each of the input lines in an attempt to synthesize the prescribed output voltages. The switchin...

  1. Digital Control of Converters for Distributed Power Generations

    OpenAIRE

    Skjellnes, Tore

    2008-01-01

    Pulse width modulated converters are becoming increasingly popular as their cost decreases and power rating increases. The new trend of smallscale power producers, often using renewable energy sources, has created new demands for delivery of energy to the grid.A major advantage of the pulse width modulated converter is the ability to control the output voltage at any point in the voltage period. This enables rapid response to load changes and non-linear loads. In addition it can shape the vol...

  2. Modeling and simulation of matrix converter for wind power generation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, a matrix converter structure is proposed which is suitable for wind power generation applications. The matrix converter (MC) is the most general converter type in the family of AC-AC converters. It is a single-stage converter which has an array of m x n bidirectional power switches to connect, directly, an m- phase voltage source to an n-Phase load. It does not have any DC-link circuit and does not need any large energy storage elements. The key element in a matrix converter is the fully controlled four quadrant bidirectional switch, which allows highfrequency operation. The proposed converter uses MOSFETs as bidirectional switches. The model has been implemented using MATLAB/SIMULINK. The results obtained are presented. The waveforms for input current and output voltage are sinusoidal with very low total harmonic distortion (THD). Low THD is an indication that the model is suitable for wind power generation applications. The simulation results confirm the reduction of conversion losses by 10% to 12% as compared to conventional two stage converters thereby increasing the overall conversion efficiency. The MOSFETs which have been used as switching devices have four to five times more switching frequency as compared to IGBTs thus improving the resulting wave shapes. (author)

  3. Design Of Converter For Low Power Photovoltaic Conversion System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SWAPNIL ZADEY, SUBROTO DUTT

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The solar energy conversion system is an alternative for conventional power generating system. It has no running cost due to freely available and non polluting solar radiations. The voltage which is available from solar array is variable and to obtain a stable voltage from solar panels, DC-DC converters are required for constant power production. There are mainly three converters namely Buck, Boost and Buck-Boost converters which can be used for either increasing or decreasing the voltage. This paper presents mobile charging circuit with a PV source. The circuit structure of the proposed system adopts buck converter combined PWM MPPT technique. In this research, buck converter is used as a charger for charging mobile battery. The input voltage can typically change from (12V initially, down to (5V, and provide a regulated voltage within the range of the 4.5V required for the charging of mobile batteries.

  4. Novel Multiple DC-Inputs Direct Electric-Power Converter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshimoto, Kantaro; Takahashi, Kouji; Okushima, Keiji; Tani, Kazuhiko

    A new multiple dc-inputs direct electric-power converter (D-EPC) has been developed. It is placed between multiple dc power sources and an ac motor, thereby eliminating the need for a dc/dc converter that is generally used in conventional converter/inverter systems. D-PEC can improve the efficiency of a motor drive system with a more compact size. Its power distribution control is carried out by allotting voltage ratios to each of the two different dc power sources on a time average basis. A new pulse width modulation (PWM) generation technique to drive the switching devices in D-EPC has also been developed. Tests have verified that the three-phase ac motor can be operated by controlling the power distribution between the two power sources.

  5. Active Power Filter: Review of Converter Topologies and Control Strategies

    OpenAIRE

    SARIBULUT, Lütfü; Ahmet TEKE; MERAL, M. EMIN; Tumay, Mehmet

    2011-01-01

    Decrease in the cost of power electronic devices and improvement in the efficiency of both power converters and energy storage components have increased the applicability of new technological solutions such as Custom Power (CP) and Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS) Devices. Active Power Filter (APF) is one of the CP devices and can mitigate harmonics, reactive power and unbalanced load currents originating from load side. In this study, a comprehensive review of APF studies, the advant...

  6. Multi Port Single Stage Power Electronics Converter and Wind PFC Converter for DC Micro Grid Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Hemachandran

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available In this study multi port AC/DC-DC single stage power electronics converter proposed for grid power supply. The topology includes reduced number of active element and passive element. Passive element is used to provide to achieve improved voltage gain and to reduce the voltage stress of input side switches. The active-clamp circuits are used to recycle the energy stored in the leakage inductors and to improve the system performances. Here two input port (wind and battery unit and output port connected to dc grid, battery act as charge unit and source. Efficient wind power conversion is achieved by PFC boost dc-dc converter. Controlled and high step up voltage is supplied to multi-port converter from wind source.

  7. Design of Cuk Converter Powered by PV Array

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Jayalalitha

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This study presents PV power based cuk converter for dc load application. The maximum power from the sun radiation is obtained by sun tracking and Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT. The sun tracking is implemented by the stepper motor control and MPPT is implemented by the Cuk converter and the load voltage is maintained constant irrespective of the variation in solar power. This technique improves the dynamic and steady state characteristics of the system. The simulation was done in MATLAB simulink and the experiments are carried out and the results are presented.

  8. Grid converters for photovoltaic and wind power systems

    CERN Document Server

    Teodorescu, Remus; Rodríguez, Pedro

    2011-01-01

    "Grid Converters for Photovoltaic and Wind Power Systems provides a comprehensive description of the control of grid converters for photovoltaic and wind power systems. The authors present a range of control methods for meeting the latest application, power quality and power conversion requirements and standards, as well as looking towards potential future control functions. Practical examples, exercises, and an accompanying website with simulation models using Matlab and Simulink environments, and PSIM software make this text a pragmatic resource for electrical engineers as well as students taking related courses"--

  9. Architecture for a High-to-Medium-Voltage Power Converter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vorpenian, Vatche

    2008-01-01

    A power converter now undergoing development is required to operate at a DC input potential ranging between 5.5 and 10 kV and a DC output potential of 400 V at a current up to 25 A. This power converter is also required to be sufficiently compact and reliable to fit and operate within the confines of a high-pressure case to be lowered to several miles (approx.5 km) below the surface of the ocean. The architecture chosen to satisfy these requirements calls for a series/ parallel arrangement of 48 high-frequency, pulse-width-modulation (PWM), transformer-isolation DC-to-DC power converter blocks. The input sides of the converter blocks would be connected in series so that the input potential would be divided among them, each of them being exposed to an input potential of no more than 10 kV/48 . 210 V. The series connection of inputs would also enforce a requirement that all the converter blocks operate at the same input current. The outputs of the converter blocks would be connected in a matrix comprising 6 parallel legs, each leg being a cascade of eight outputs wired in series (see figure). All the converter blocks would be identical within the tolerances of the values of their components. A single voltage feedback loop would regulate the output potential. All the converter blocks would be driven by the same PWM waveform generated by this feedback loop. The power transformer of each converter block would have a unity turns ratio and would be capable of withstanding as much as 10 kVDC between its primary and secondary windings. (Although, in general, the turns ratio could be different from unity, the simplest construction for minimizing leakage and maximizing breakdown voltage is attained at a turns ratio of unity.)

  10. Using power decoupled technique for improvement of SEPIC Converter

    OpenAIRE

    AMİNİ, Mohammad Reza; SALEH RİAHİ, Javad

    2015-01-01

    Abstract. In almost all solar to electrical power converter systems capacitor is placed across the solar panel. In these systems, the capacitor across the solar panel has unwanted ripple. The capacitor voltage is observed by the maximum power tracking controller and due to existence of unwanted ripple, Maximum power point tracking (MPPT) controller fall into error and MPPT will be lost. In this paper by using the power decoupled circuit in the grid connected systems, voltage ripple is elimina...

  11. A New Topology for Power Factor Correction using Resonant Converters

    OpenAIRE

    V V Vijetha Inti; Karthika Mangamuri; Ch Phani Kumar

    2013-01-01

    A new parallel-connected power flow technique is proposed to improve the input power factor with simultaneously output voltage regulation taking consideration of current harmonic standards. Paralleling of converter modules is used in medium-power applications to achieve the desired output power by using smaller size of high frequency transformers. A parallel-connected interleaved structure offers smaller passive components with less loss in continuous conduction inductor current mode and also...

  12. CAS CERN Accelerator School: Power converters for particle accelerators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This volume presents the proceedings of the fifth specialized course organized by the CERN Accelerator School, the subject on this occasion being power converters for particle accelerators. The course started with lectures on the classification and topologies of converters and on the guidelines for achieving high performance. It then went on to cover the more detailed aspects of feedback theory, simulation, measurements, components, remote control, fault diagnosis and equipment protection as well as systems and grid-related problems. The important topics of converter specification, procurement contract management and the likely future developments in semiconductor components were also covered. Although the course was principally directed towards DC and slow-pulsed supplies, lectures were added on fast converters and resonant excitation. Finally the programme was rounded off with three seminars on the related fields of Tokamak converters, battery energy storage for electric vehicles, and the control of shaft generators in ships. (orig.)

  13. Piezoelectric transformer based power converters; design and control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rødgaard, Martin Schøler

    the advantage of being purely primary side based. A revolutionary bi-directional control method is proposed, which utilizes active phase shift of the output rectifier that enables bi-directional power flow. Soft switching operation is maintained over the full power flow modulation range, ensuring optimal......The last two decades of research into piezoelectric transformer (PT) based power converters have led to some extensive improvements of the technology, but it still struggles to get its commercial success. This calls for further research and has been the subject of this work, in order to enable...... the utilization of the PT technology advantages, reduce cost and increase competitiveness. First of all an overview of the basic PT technology used in general power converters is given, including the basic piezoelectric nature, converter topologies and control methods. Compared to traditional magnetic technology...

  14. Auxiliary quasi-resonant dc tank electrical power converter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Fang Z.

    2006-10-24

    An auxiliary quasi-resonant dc tank (AQRDCT) power converter with fast current charging, voltage balancing (or charging), and voltage clamping circuits is provided for achieving soft-switched power conversion. The present invention is an improvement of the invention taught in U.S. Pat. No. 6,111,770, herein incorporated by reference. The present invention provides faster current charging to the resonant inductor, thus minimizing delay time of the pulse width modulation (PWM) due to the soft-switching process. The new AQRDCT converter includes three tank capacitors or power supplies to achieve the faster current charging and minimize the soft-switching time delay. The new AQRDCT converter further includes a voltage balancing circuit to charge and discharge the three tank capacitors so that additional isolated power supplies from the utility line are not needed. A voltage clamping circuit is also included for clamping voltage surge due to the reverse recovery of diodes.

  15. Protection of Hardware: Powering Systems (Power Converter, Normal Conducting, and Superconducting Magnets)

    CERN Document Server

    Pfeffer, H; Wolff, D

    2016-01-01

    Along with the protection of magnets and power converters, we have added a section on personnel protection because this is our highest priority in the design and operation of power systems. Thus, our topics are the protection of people, power converters, and magnet loads (protected from the powering equipment), including normal conducting magnets and superconducting magnets.

  16. Grid Converters for Photovoltaic and Wind Power Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Teodorescu, Remus; Liserre, Marco; Rodriguez, Pedro

    power, operation within a wide range of voltage and frequency, voltage ride-through capability, reactive current injection during faults, grid services support. This book explains the topologies, modulation and control of grid converters for both photovoltaic and wind power applications. In addition to...... power electronics, this book focuses on the specific applications in photovoltaic wind power systems where grid condition is an essential factor. With a review of the most recent grid requirements for photovoltaic and wind power systems, the book discusses these other relevant issues: Modern grid...... damping techniques Power control under grid fault conditions, considering both positive and negative sequences Grid Converters for Photovoltaic and Wind Power Systems is intended as a coursebook for graduated students with a background in electrical engineering and also for professionals in the evolving...

  17. Pulse-width modulated DC-DC power converters

    CERN Document Server

    Kazimierczuk, Marian K

    2008-01-01

    This book studies switch-mode power supplies (SMPS) in great detail. This type of converter changes an unregulated DC voltage into a high-frequency pulse-width modulated (PWM) voltage controlled by varying the duty cycle, then changes the PWM AC voltage to a regulated DC voltage at a high efficiency by rectification and filtering. Used to supply electronic circuits, this converter saves energy and space in the overall system. With concept-orientated explanations, this book offers state-of-the-art SMPS technology and promotes an understanding of the principle operations of PWM converters,

  18. PV power system using hybrid converter for LED indictor applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • This paper presents a LED indictor driving circuit with a PV arrays as its power source. • The perturb-and-observe method is adopted to extract the maximum power of PV arrays. • The proposed circuit structure has a less component counts and higher conversion efficiency. • A prototype of LED indictor driving circuit has been implemented to verify its feasibility. • The proposed hybrid converter is suitable for LED inductor applications. - Abstract: This paper presents a LED indictor driving circuit with a PV arrays as its power source. The LED indictor driving circuit includes battery charger and discharger (LED driving circuit). In this research, buck converter is used as a charger, and forward converter with active clamp circuit is adopted as a discharger to drive the LED indictor. Their circuit structures use switch integration technique to simplify them and to form the proposed hybrid converter, which has a less component counts, lighter weight, smaller size, and higher conversion efficiency. Moreover, the proposed hybrid converter uses a perturb-and-observe method to extract the maximum power from PV arrays. Finally, a prototype of an LED indictor driving circuit with output voltage of 10 V and output power of 20 W has been implemented to verify its feasibility. It is suitable for the LED inductor applications

  19. High power density dc/dc converter: Selection of converter topology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Divan, Deepakraj M.

    1990-01-01

    The work involved in the identification and selection of a suitable converter topology is described. Three new dc/dc converter topologies are proposed: Phase-Shifted Single Active Bridge DC/DC Converter; Single Phase Dual Active Bridges DC/DC Converter; and Three Phase Dual Active Bridges DC/DC Converter (Topology C). The salient features of these topologies are: (1) All are minimal in structure, i.e., each consists of an input and output bridge, input and output filter and a transformer, all components essential for a high power dc/dc conversion process; (2) All devices of both the bridges can operate under near zero-voltage conditions, making possible a reduction of device switching losses and hence, an increase in switching frequency; (3) All circuits operate at a constant frequency, thus simplifying the task of the magnetic and filter elements; (4) Since, the leakage inductance of the transformer is used as the main current transfer element, problems associated with the diode reverse recovery are eliminated. Also, this mode of operation allows easy paralleling of multiple modules for extending the power capacity of the system; (5) All circuits are least sensitive to parasitic impedances, infact the parasitics are efficently utilized; and (6) The soft switching transitions, result in low electromagnetic interference. A detailed analysis of each topology was carried out. Based on the analysis, the various device and component ratings for each topology operating at an optimum point, and under the given specifications, are tabulated and discussed.

  20. Reactive Power Impact on Lifetime Prediction of Two-level Wind Power Converter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhou, Dao; Blaabjerg, Frede; Lau, M.; Tonnes, M.

    The influence of reactive power injection on the dominating two-level wind power converter is investigated and compared in terms of power loss and thermal behavior. Then the lifetime of both the partial-scale and full-scale power converter is estimated based on the widely used Coffin-Manson model....... It is concluded that the injection of the reactive power could have serious impact on the power loss and thermal profile, especially at lower wind speed. Furthermore, the introduction of the reactive power could also shorten the lifetime of the wind power converter significantly....

  1. Advanced Power Converter for Universal and Flexible Power Management in Future Electricity Network

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Iov, Florin; Blaabjerg, Frede; Bassett, R.;

    2007-01-01

    More "green" power provided by Distributed Generation will enter into the European electricity network in the near future. In order to control the power flow and to ensure proper and secure operation of this future grid, with an increased level of the renewable power, new power electronic...... converters for grid connection of renewable sources will be needed. These power converters must be able to provide intelligent power management as well as ancillary services. This paper presents the overall structure and the control aspects of an advanced power converter for universal and flexible power...... management in the future European electricity network....

  2. Design of the DC-DC power stage of the capacitor charger for MAXIDISCAP power converters

    CERN Document Server

    Cravero, Jean-Marc

    2013-01-01

    This technical report presents the design of the DC-DC power stage of the capacitor charger for MAXIDISCAP power converters. The power stage is based on a half bridge series resonant converter in Discontinuous Conduction Mode (DCM). This simple and robust topology allows obtaining a current source behavior with a low switching losses power stage. The associated control stage is implemented using a commercial controller which has differenti nternal circuits that allows a high integration of the converter control system. The report presents the design and tuning criteria for the DC-DC converter, including the power stage and the control system.

  3. CAS course on Power Converters in Baden, Switzerland

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Accelerator School

    2014-01-01

    The CERN Accelerator School (CAS) and the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) recently organised a specialised course on Power Converters, which was held at the Hotel du Parc in Baden, Switzerland from 7 to 14 May 2014.   Photo courtesy of Markus Fischer, Paul Scherrer Institut. Following some recapitulation lectures on accelerators and the requirements on power converters, the course covered a wide range of topics related to the different types of power converters needed for particle accelerators. Topical seminars completed the programme. The course was very successful, attended by 84 students representing 21 nationalities, mostly from European countries but also from America, Brazil, Canada, China, Iran, Jordan and Thailand. Feedback from the participants was very positive, reflecting the high standard of the lectures and teaching. In addition to the academic programme, the participants also had an opportunity to take part in a full-day site visit to ABB and PSI and an excursion to the Rhine Fall...

  4. Regulation of the output power at the resonant converter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper a method for regulating an alternating current voltage source with pair of IGBT transistor’s modules, in a full bridge configuration with series resonant converter is given. With the developed method a solution is obtained which can regulate the phase difference between output voltage and current through the inductor, in order to maintain maximum output power. Control electronic via feedback signals regulates the energy transfer to the tank by changing the pulse width of signals which are used as inputs to the gates of the IGBTs. By increasing or decreasing the pulse width transmitted to the various gates of the IGBT the energy transfer to the tank is increased or decreased . PowerSim simulations program is used for development of controlling methodology. Developed method is practically implemented in a prototype of the device for phase control of resonant converter with variable the resonant load. Key words: pulse width method, phase regulation , power converter

  5. Solar Photovoltaic Powered Sailing Boat Using Buck Converter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soumya Das

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this paper is to establish technical and economical aspects of the application of stand-alone photovoltaic (PV system in sailing boat using a buck converter in order to enhance the power generation and also to minimize the cost. Performance and control of dc-dc converter, suitable for photovoltaic (PV applications, is presented here. A buck converter is employed here which extracts complete power from the PV source and feeds into the dc load. The power, which is fed into the load, is sufficient to drive a boat . With the help of matlab simulink software PV module and buck model has been designed and simulated and also compared with theoretical predictions.

  6. Design of Low Power Successive Approximation Analog to Digital Converter

    OpenAIRE

    Mr. Jitendra A. Waghmare; Prof. P.M. Ghutke

    2014-01-01

    In Biomedical applications such as pacemaker it becomes mandatory to design the circuits with low power and low voltage to enhance the system by means of long sustainability and less power consumption with maintenance free operation, especially in the circuits like Analog to Digital Converters (ADCs). So here is the selection of right architecture is very crucial. Day by day more and more applications are built on the basis of power consumption so SAR ADC will be useful for me...

  7. Complex-Vector Time-Delay Control of Power Converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blaabjerg, Frede; Loh, P. C.; Tang, Y.;

    2008-01-01

    Precise controlling of current produced by power converters is an important topic that has attracted interests over the last few decades. With the recent proliferation of grid-tied converters where the control of power flow is indirectly governed by the accuracy of current tracking, motivation to...... control. Lastly, for proving its practicality, experimental testing of the scheme is performed digitally using a commercial grid converter with some informative results captured and compared with those of an existing scheme.......Precise controlling of current produced by power converters is an important topic that has attracted interests over the last few decades. With the recent proliferation of grid-tied converters where the control of power flow is indirectly governed by the accuracy of current tracking, motivation to...... develop dynamically fast and accurate current controllers is even more intensive with more features expected to be embedded within a single control module. Believing in its continual importance, this paper contributes by proposing a complex-vector time-delay control scheme that can achieve high tracking...

  8. Thermoelectric converter for SP-100 space reactor power system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Conductively coupling the thermoelectric converter to the heat source and the radiator maximizes the utilization of the reactor and radiator temperatures and thereby minimizes the power system weight. This paper presents the design for the converter and the individual thermoelectric cells that are the building block modules for the converter. It also summarizes progress on the fabrication of initial cells and the results obtained from the preparation of a manufacturing plan. The design developed for the SP-100 system utilizes thermally conductive compliant pads that can absorb the displacement and distortion caused by the combinations of temperatures and thermal expansion coefficients. The converter and cell designs provided a 100 kWe system which met the system requirements. Initial cells were fabricated and tested. The manufacturing plan showed that the chosen materials and processes are compatible with today's production techniques, that the production volume can readily be achieved and that the costs are reasonable

  9. Grid-friendly wind power systems based on the synchronverter technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • A grid-friendly wind power system that uses the synchronverter technology is proposed. • Both the rotor-side and the grid-side converters act as synchronverters. • The complete generator–motor–generator system improves the performance under grid faults. • Real-time digital simulation results verify the effectiveness of the proposed method. - Abstract: Back-to-back PWM converters are becoming a realistic alternative to conventional converters in high-power wind power applications. In this paper, a control strategy based on the synchronverter technology is proposed for back-to-back PWM converters. Both converters are run as synchronverters, which are mathematically equivalent to the conventional synchronous generators. The rotor-side converter is responsible for maintaining the DC link voltage and the grid-side converter is responsible for the maximum power point tracking (MPPT). As the two converters are operated using the synchronverter technology, the formed wind power system becomes more friendly to the grid. Extensive real-time digital simulation results are presented to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method under normal operation and grid-fault scenarios

  10. Power oscillation damping by a converter-based power generation device

    OpenAIRE

    Andresen, Bjørn; Frydensbjerg, Michael Nørtoft; Knüppel, Thyge

    2012-01-01

    There is provided a power generation park comprising a power output for providing electrical output power to an electricity network . A power generation device comprises a converter device configured for receiving input power from a power generator and providing, in response hereto, the electrical output power to the power output. The power generation park further comprises a controller being configured for receiving an oscillation indicating signal indicative of a power oscillation in the el...

  11. Optimized Reactive Power Flow of DFIG Power Converters for Better Reliability Performance Considering Grid Codes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhou, Dao; Blaabjerg, Frede; Lau, Mogens;

    2015-01-01

    If there is no reactive power exchange between the Doubly-Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) and the grid, the various characteristics of the power converters in the DFIG wind turbine system cause the lifetime expectancy of the rotor-side converter significantly less than the grid-side converter. In ....... It is concluded that, among the different combined reactive power support strategies, the best scheme will trade-off the lifetime between the grid-side converter and the rotor-side converter.......If there is no reactive power exchange between the Doubly-Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) and the grid, the various characteristics of the power converters in the DFIG wind turbine system cause the lifetime expectancy of the rotor-side converter significantly less than the grid-side converter. In...... order to fulfill the modern grid codes, over-excited reactive power injection will further reduce the lifetime of the rotor-side converter. In this paper, the additional stress of the power semiconductor due to the reactive power injection is firstly evaluated in terms of modulation index and the...

  12. Grid Converters for Photovoltaic and Wind Power Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Teodorescu, Remus; Liserre, Marco; Rodriguez, Pedro

    power, operation within a wide range of voltage and frequency, voltage ride-through capability, reactive current injection during faults, grid services support. This book explains the topologies, modulation and control of grid converters for both photovoltaic and wind power applications. In addition to...... damping techniques Power control under grid fault conditions, considering both positive and negative sequences Grid Converters for Photovoltaic and Wind Power Systems is intended as a coursebook for graduated students with a background in electrical engineering and also for professionals in the evolving...... inverter topologies for photovoltaic and wind turbines Islanding detection methods for photovoltaic systems Synchronization techniques based on second order generalized integrators (SOGI) Advanced synchronization techniques with robust operation under grid unbalance condition grid filter design and active...

  13. Investigation of Power Semiconductor Devices for High Frequency High Density Power Converters

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Hongfang

    2007-01-01

    The next generation of power converters not only must meet the characteristics demanded by the load, but also has to meet some specific requirements like limited space and high ambient temperature etc. This needs the power converter to achieve high power density and high temperature operation. It is usually required that the active power devices operate at higher switching frequencies to shrink the passive components volume. The power semiconductor devices for high frequency high density ...

  14. Power Control of Converter Connected to Unbalanced Grid

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Valouch, Viktor; Bejvl, Martin; Šimek, Petr; Škramlík, Jiří

    Prague : Institute of Thermomechanics ASCR, v. v. i., 2014, s. 15-16. ISBN 978-80-87012-52-9. [Symposium on Electric Machines, Drives and Power Electronics. Prague (CZ), 09.09.2014-11.09.2014] Institutional support: RVO:61388998 Keywords : unbalanced grid voltage * converter * current control Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electric al Engineering

  15. Realization of Digital Differentiator Using Generalized Integrator for Power Converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xin, Zhen; Wang, Xiongfei; Loh, Poh Chiang;

    2015-01-01

    In power converters, the digital implementation of differentiator is challenged by noise amplification and phase error. For example, the backward Euler differentiator loses its effectiveness at high frequency due to an introduced large phase error. The Tustin differentiator, on the other hand...

  16. Negative Influence of Frequency Converters on Power Distribution Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Pittermann

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with low-frequency analysis of the phase current taken by frequency converters from a power distribution network. Problems concerning with characteristic harmonic currents are relatively well-known. Therefore the main emphasis of this work is focused on the investigation of factors which influence arising of non-characteristic and interharmonic current components

  17. New Multiphase Matrix Converter Based Device for Power Flow Control

    OpenAIRE

    Jerzy Szczepanik; Tomasz Sieńko

    2013-01-01

    The article presents the concept of new matrix converter (MC) based device working as a phase shifting control device in a power system. The multiphase MC is working under an innovative control algorithm specially dedicated to the proposed application. The work presents the results of the simulation of the MC work in this application as well as the analysis of the MC properties.

  18. Tests Of A Stirling-Engine Power Converter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dochat, George

    1995-01-01

    Report describes acceptance tests of power converter consisting of pair of opposed free-piston Stirling engines driving linear alternators. Stirling engines offer potential for extremely long life, high reliability, high efficiency at low hot-to-cold temperature ratios, and relatively low heater-head temperatures.

  19. Distributed Generation Using Indirect Matrix Converter in Reverse Power Mode

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liu, Xiong; Chiang Loh, Poh; Wang, Peng;

    2013-01-01

    appropriate. Like most power converters, the operation of the IMC can surely be reversed to produce a boosted gain, but so far its relevant control principles have not been discussed. These challenges are now addressed in this paper with distributed generation suggested as a potential application. Simulation...

  20. Matrix Converter Based Unified Power Quality Conditioner (MUPQC) for Power Quality Improvement in a Utility

    OpenAIRE

    G.L. Valsala; L. Padma Suresh

    2014-01-01

    This study proposes a new approach of unified power quality conditioner which is made up of a matrix converter without energy storage devices to mitigate the current harmonics, voltage sags and swell. By connecting the matrix converter output terminals to the load side through series transformer and the input side of matrix converter is connected to the supply side with step up transformer. So a matrix converter injects the compensation voltage on the load-side, so it is possible to mitigate ...

  1. High frequent modelling of a modular multilevel converter using passive components

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    El-Khatib, Walid Ziad; Holbøll, Joachim; Rasmussen, Tonny Wederberg

    2013-01-01

    Prevalence of High Voltage direct current (HVDC) based on Voltage source converters (VSC) has made it necessary to investigate the behavior of the converter under various fault conditions. In this paper we will deal with the transient characteristics of a modular multilevel converter (MMC). This...... plant using HVDC fundamentally changes the electrical environment for the power plant. Detailed knowledge and understanding of the characteristics and behavior of all relevant power system components under all conditions, including under transients, are required in order to develop reliable offshore...... wind power plant employing HVDC. In the present study, a back to back HVDC transmission system is designed in PSCAD/EMTDC. Simulations and results showing the importance of high frequent modeling are presented....

  2. Variable frequency iteration MPPT for resonant power converters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Qian; Bataresh, Issa; Chen, Lin

    2015-06-30

    A method of maximum power point tracking (MPPT) uses an MPPT algorithm to determine a switching frequency for a resonant power converter, including initializing by setting an initial boundary frequency range that is divided into initial frequency sub-ranges bounded by initial frequencies including an initial center frequency and first and second initial bounding frequencies. A first iteration includes measuring initial powers at the initial frequencies to determine a maximum power initial frequency that is used to set a first reduced frequency search range centered or bounded by the maximum power initial frequency including at least a first additional bounding frequency. A second iteration includes calculating first and second center frequencies by averaging adjacent frequent values in the first reduced frequency search range and measuring second power values at the first and second center frequencies. The switching frequency is determined from measured power values including the second power values.

  3. Self-commutating converters for high power applications

    CERN Document Server

    Arrillaga, Jos; Watson, Neville R; Murray, Nicholas J

    2010-01-01

    For very high voltage or very high current applications, the power industry still relies on thyristor-based Line Commutated Conversion (LCC), which limits the power controllability to two quadrant operation. However, the ratings of self-commutating switches such as the Insulated-Gate Bipolar Transistor (IGBT) and Integrated Gate-Commutated Thyristor (IGCT), are reaching levels that make the technology possible for very high power applications. This unique book reviews the present state and future prospects of self-commutating static power converters for applications requiring either ultr

  4. Simulations in the field of power converters for particle accelerators

    OpenAIRE

    Ngada, Narcisse

    2016-01-01

    The complexity and cost of building and running high-power electrical systems make the use of simulations unavoidable. The simulations available today provide great understanding about how systems really operate. This paper helps the reader to gain an insight into simulation in the field of power converters for particle accelerators. Starting with the definition and basic principles of simulation, two simulation types, as well as their leading tools, are presented: analog and numerical simula...

  5. Digital control of grid connected converters for distributed power generation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Skjellnes, Tore

    2008-07-01

    Pulse width modulated converters are becoming increasingly popular as their cost decreases and power rating increases. The new trend of small scale power producers, often using renewable energy sources, has created new demands for delivery of energy to the grid. A major advantage of the pulse width modulated converter is the ability to control the output voltage at any point in the voltage period. This enables rapid response to load changes and non-linear loads. In addition it can shape the voltage in response to the output current to create an outward appearance of a source impedance. This is called a virtual impedance. This thesis presents a controller for a voltage controlled three phase pulse width modulated converter. This controller enables operation in standalone mode, in parallel with other converters in a micro grid, and in parallel with a strong main grid. A time varying virtual impedance is presented which mainly attenuates reactive currents. A method of investigating the overall impedance including the virtual impedance is presented. New net standards have been introduced, requiring the converter to operate even during severe dips in the grid voltage. Experiments are presented verifying the operation of the controller during voltage dips. (Author). 37 refs., 65 figs., 10 tabs

  6. Thermal Loading and Lifetime Estimation for Power Device Considering Mission Profiles in Wind Power Converter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ma, Ke; Liserre, Marco; Blaabjerg, Frede; Kerekes, Tamas

    2015-01-01

    As a key component in the wind turbine system, the power electronic converter and its power semiconductors suffer from complicated power loadings related to environment, and are proven to have high failure rates. Therefore, correct lifetime estimation of wind power converter is crucial for the...... reliability improvement and also for cost reduction of wind power technology. Unfortunately, the existing lifetime estimation methods for the power electronic converter are not yet suitable in the wind power application, because the comprehensive mission profiles are not well specified and included....... Consequently, a relative more advanced approach is proposed in this paper, which is based on the loading and strength analysis of devices and takes into account different time constants of the thermal behaviors in power converter. With the established methods for loading and lifetime estimation for power...

  7. Investigation of pitting resistance in ultra clean IQ-Steel vs commonly used conventional steel; 158Q vs 16MnCr5 : Back-to-back pitting tests

    OpenAIRE

    Bergseth, Ellen; Sosa, Mario; Andersson, Martin; Olofsson, Ulf

    2015-01-01

    KTH Machine Design has conducted pitting tests on gears made out of two different types of steel in a standard back-to-back pitting test rig (FZG). The tested gears were produced from Ovako’s IQ-Steel in grade 158Q and compared to the behaviour of a reference steel, commonly used conventional steel in grade 16MnCr5 (reference steel, RS). The test method is a mechanical test procedure generally used to determine the pitting load capacity of gear transmission lubricants, but in this study the p...

  8. Novel DC/DC Converters For High-Power Distributed Power Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Francisco Venustiano, Canales Abarca

    2003-01-01

    One of the requirements for the next generation of power supplies for distributed power systems (DPSs) is to achieve high power density with high efficiency. In the traditional front-end converter based on the two-stage approach for high-power three-phase DPSs, the DC-link voltage coming from the power factor correction (PFC) stage penalizes the second-stage DC/DC converter. This DC/DC converter not only has to meet the characteristics demanded by the load, but also must process energy w...

  9. Advanced power converters for universal and flexible power management in future electricity network - Converter applications in future European electricity network

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Iov, Florin; Blaabjerg, Frede

    The present report summarizes the work done in the Work Package 2 where the main goal is to provide essential data for the other workpackages in the UNIFLEX-PM project and determines in detail the performance requirements that will be placed upon power converters to make the Future European Elect...... Electricity Network a reality....

  10. A Multi-Functional Power Electronic Converter in Distributed Generation Power Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chen, Zhe; Blaabjerg, Frede; Pedersen, John Kim

    This paper presents a power electronic converter which is used as an interface for a distributed generation unit/energy storage device, and also functioned as an active power compensator in a hybrid compensation system. The operation and control of the converter have been described. An example of...... the converter interfacing a wind power generation unit is also given. The power electronic interface performs the optimal operation in the wind turbine system to extract the maximum wind power, while it also plays a key role in a hybrid compensation system that consists of the active power electronic...... converter and passive filters connected to each distorting load or distributed generation (DG) unit. The passive filters are distributely located to remove major harmonics and provide reactive power compensation. The active power electronic filter corrects the system unbalance, removes the remaining...

  11. Lifetime estimation for the power semiconductors considering mission profiles in wind power converter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ma, Ke; Liserre, Marco; Blaabjerg, Frede

    As a key component in the wind turbine system, power electronic converter and its power semiconductors suffer from adverse power loadings related to environment, and are proven to have certain failure rates. Therefore, correct lifetime estimation of wind power converter is crucial for the...... reliability improvement and also for cost reduction of wind power technology. Unfortunately, the existing lifetime estimation methods for the power electronic converter are not yet suitable in the wind power application, because the comprehensive mission profiles are not well specified and included....... Consequently, a relative more advanced approach is proposed in this paper, which is based on the loading and strength analysis of devices and takes into account different time constants of the thermal behaviors in power converter. With the established methods for loading profile generation and lifetime...

  12. Control of high power IGBT modules in the active region for fast pulsed power converters

    CERN Document Server

    Cravero, J M; Garcia Retegui, R; Maestri, S; Uicich, G

    2014-01-01

    At CERN, fast pulsed power converters are used to supply trapezoidal current in different magnet loads. These converters perform output current regulation by using a high power IGBT module in its ohmic region. This paper presents a new strategy for pulsed current control applications using a specifically designed IGBT driver.

  13. Efficient Hybrid Optimal Design Method for Power Electronics Converters

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(SzGeCERN)697719; Aguglia, Davide; Viarouge, Philippe; Cros, Jérôme

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a novel design methodology for dimensioning optimal power-electronic converters, which is able to achieve the precision of numerical simulation-based optimization procedures, however minimizing the overall computation time. The approach is based on the utilization of analytical and frequency-domain design models for a numerical optimization process, a validation with numerical simulations of the intermediate optimal solutions, and the correction of the analytical design models precision from the numerical simulation results. This method allows using the numerical simulation in an efficient way, where typically less than ten correction iterations are required. In order to demonstrate the performances of the proposed methodology, the calculation of the control parameters for an H-bridge DC-DC converter and the optimal dimensioning of a damped output filter for a buck converter using the proposed approach is presented.

  14. Step-Up DC-DC Power Converter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2015-01-01

    being charged from the input voltage and discharged to the output capacitor through the galvanic isolation barrier in accordance with a switch control signal to produce the converter output voltage. The step-up DC-DC power converter comprises an electrical short-circuit connection across the galvanic...... capacitor coupled between the positive and negative input terminals and the secondary side circuit comprises an output capacitor chargeable to a converter output voltage between a first positive electrode and a second negative electrode. A switched energy storage network is configured for alternatingly...... isolation barrier connecting, in a first case, the second negative electrode of the output capacitor to the positive input terminal of the primary side circuit or, in a second case, connecting the second positive electrode of the output capacitor to the negative input terminal of the primary side circuit...

  15. RESONANT STEP-DOWN DC-DC POWER CONVERTERS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2015-01-01

    alternatingly being charged from the input voltage and discharged to the output capacitor through the galvanic isolation barrier by a semiconductor switch arrangement in accordance with a switch control signal to produce the converter output voltage. The resonant step-down DC-DC power converter comprises an...... electrical short-circuit connection across the galvanic isolation barrier connecting, in a first case, the second negative electrode of the output capacitor to the positive input terminal of the primary side circuit or, in a second case, connecting the second positive electrode of the output capacitor to the...... and an input capacitor coupled between the positive and negative input terminals and the secondary side circuit comprises an output capacitor chargeable to a converter output voltage between a first positive electrode and a second negative electrode. A resonant network is con- figured for...

  16. Simulation of Power Electronic Converters Using Quasi Steady State Approximation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Predrag Pejović

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available A new method to compute voltage and current waveforms of power electronic converters is proposed in the paper. The method relies on simulation result of averaged circuit model, and superimposes the ripple of the inductor currents to the obtained average values, assuming that the linear ripple approximation applies. To determine the amplitude of the switching ripple, a quasi steady state approximation is proposed. After the inductor currents are obtained, currents of switching components are computed by multiplying them with appropriate switching functions. The algorithmprovides an efficient tool to generate the converter waveforms in order to compute their spectra, mean and RMS values, which are of interest in designing filters and estimating converter losses.

  17. Lightweight, Efficient Power Converters for Advanced Turboelectric Aircraft Propulsion Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hennessy, Michael J.

    2014-01-01

    NASA is investigating advanced turboelectric aircraft propulsion systems that use superconducting motors to drive multiple distributed turbofans. Conventional electric motors are too large and heavy to be practical for this application; therefore, superconducting motors are required. In order to improve aircraft maneuverability, variable-speed power converters are required to throttle power to the turbofans. The low operating temperature and the need for lightweight components that place a minimum of additional heat load on the refrigeration system open the possibility of incorporating extremely efficient cryogenic power conversion technology. This Phase II project is developing critical components required to meet these goals.

  18. DC System Control Strategy for 500 kV AC Line Automatic Reclosing in China-Russia Back to Back Project%中国—俄罗斯背靠背联网工程500 kV交流出线具有自动重合闸的直流控制策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马为民; 曹燕明; 蒋维勇

    2013-01-01

    为提高中俄直流联网黑河换流站跨国联网工程运行的可靠性,提出了修改故障期间直流控制策略的方案,以使工程原设计方案中未设置的自动重合闸功能恢复使用.采用EMTDC仿真软件建立模型进行典型工况计算,并对重合闸期间产生的交流母线过电压、交流母线避雷器和阀避雷器的耐受能力进行了校核比较.仿真结果表明,新的控制策略应限制故障期间功率水平在300 MW(标幺值为0.4)以内.修改后的控制策略在黑河换流站实施后,通过兴福变至黑河变(兴黑线)故障后重合闸的实践检验,证明了策略的可行性和可靠性.所得出的直流控制策略对研究弱交流系统条件下换流站仅有1回交流出线时采用自动重合闸功能有重要指导意义.%To improve the operation reliability of Heihe converter station at China-Russia back to back(BTB) project,we proposed a modified DC system control strategy during line faults in order to recover the automatic reclosing function,which was not adopted in original design of the project.Models of the software EMTDC were used to simulate typical cases,through which the AC bus's over-voltage and the arrester energy of AC bus arrester and valve arrester during faults were compared and checked.The simulation results show that,from the new strategy,the power at the level of 300 MW (0.4 in per unit value) should be limited during a line fault.Feasibility and reliability of the modified control strategy have been proved by the successful reclosing in HeiHe station with the proposed strategy implemented under a failure on Xingfu Station to Heihe Station(Xinghei line) section.Thus the proposed DC control strategy is proven to be of great significance for studying the adopting automatic reclosing function in future converter station with only one AC line under weak AC system condition.

  19. Simulation of Power Electronic Converters Using Quasi Steady State Approximation

    OpenAIRE

    Predrag Pejović

    2012-01-01

    A new method to compute voltage and current waveforms of power electronic converters is proposed in the paper. The method relies on simulation result of averaged circuit model, and superimposes the ripple of the inductor currents to the obtained average values, assuming that the linear ripple approximation applies. To determine the amplitude of the switching ripple, a quasi steady state approximation is proposed. After the inductor currents are obtained, currents of switching components are c...

  20. New Multiphase Matrix Converter Based Device for Power Flow Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerzy Szczepanik

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the concept of new matrix converter (MC based device working as a phase shifting control device in a power system. The multiphase MC is working under an innovative control algorithm specially dedicated to the proposed application. The work presents the results of the simulation of the MC work in this application as well as the analysis of the MC properties.

  1. Power decoupling method for single phase differential buck converter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yao, Wenli; Tang, Yi; Zhang, Xiaobin; Wang, Xiongfei; Loh, Poh Chiang; Blaabjerg, Frede

    The well-known inherent second-order ripple power in single phase converters imposes harmonic stress on the dc link, resulting in low efficiency and overheating issues. In order to avoid installing bulky electrolytic capacitors or LC filters in the dc-link, this paper presents a differential buck...... inverter to improve the dc link power quality, and an improved active power decoupling method is proposed to achieve ripple power reduction for both AC-DC and DC-AC conversions. The ripple energy storage is realized by the filter capacitors, which are connected between the output terminal and the negative...... dc bus. By properly controlling the differential mode voltage of the capacitors, it is possible to transfer desired energy between the DC port and AC port. The common mode voltage is controlled in such a way that the ripple power on the dc side will be reduced. Furthermore, an autonomous reference...

  2. Control of DFIG Wind Turbines Based on Indirect Matrix Converters in Short Circuit Mode to Improve the LVRT Capability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Khajeh

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, the doubly-fed induction generators (DFIGs based wind turbines (WTs are the dominant type of WTs. Traditionally, the back-to-back converters are used to excite the rotor circuit of DFIG. In this paper, an indirect matrix converter (IMC is proposed to control the generator. Compared with back-to-back converters, IMCs have numerous advantages such as higher level of robustness, reliability, and reduced size and weight due to the absence of bulky electrolytic capacitor. According to the recent grid codes wind turbines must have low voltage ride-through (LVRT capability. In this paper a new crowbar system is proposed so that along with the control system it protects the IMC from large fault currents and supports the grid voltage dips during grid faults. This crowbar system is provided using the existing converter switches to establish a short circuit mode without any extra circuitry. Even in severe fault conditions, the duration of short circuit mode is quite small so the control system will be activated shortly after the fault to inject reactive power as required by new LVRT standards. Therefore, the new LVRT standards are well satisfied without any extra costs. PSIM simulation results confirm the efficiency of the proposed method.

  3. Circuit Simulation for Solar Power Maximum Power Point Tracking with Different Buck-Boost Converter Topologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaw-Kuen Shiau

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The power converter is one of the essential elements for effective use of renewable power sources. This paper focuses on the development of a circuit simulation model for maximum power point tracking (MPPT evaluation of solar power that involves using different buck-boost power converter topologies; including SEPIC, Zeta, and four-switch type buck-boost DC/DC converters. The circuit simulation model mainly includes three subsystems: a PV model; a buck-boost converter-based MPPT system; and a fuzzy logic MPPT controller. Dynamic analyses of the current-fed buck-boost converter systems are conducted and results are presented in the paper. The maximum power point tracking function is achieved through appropriate control of the power switches of the power converter. A fuzzy logic controller is developed to perform the MPPT function for obtaining maximum power from the PV panel. The MATLAB-based Simulink piecewise linear electric circuit simulation tool is used to verify the complete circuit simulation model.

  4. Power oscillation damping by a converter-based power generation device

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2012-01-01

    There is provided a power generation park comprising a power output for providing electrical output power to an electricity network . A power generation device comprises a converter device configured for receiving input power from a power generator and providing, in response hereto, the electrical...... response to the oscillation indicating signal; the converter device being configured for modulating the electrical output power in response to the damping control signal so as to damp the power oscillation in the electricity network....... output power to the power output. The power generation park further comprises a controller being configured for receiving an oscillation indicating signal indicative of a power oscillation in the electricity network, the controller being further configured for providing a damping control signal in...

  5. High Voltage Power Converter for Large Wind Turbine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sztykiel, Michal

    The increasing penetration of the wind energy has resulted in newly planned installations of offshore wind turbines. In order to minimize installation, material and transportation costs of the offshore wind power plants, large multi-MW wind turbine systems are being preferably employed and...... developed, which allow high power generation of each single unit. Nevertheless, further increase in the power ratings of the newly emerging turbines becomes a major concern related to the operating voltage level. In order to accommodate larger powers, presently employed low voltage (690 V) systems already...... require multi-parallel converter and filter modules, which increase the overall complexity. In this thesis, a concept for the medium voltage wind turbine is examined and evaluated, where voltage increase is dictated by the removal of the step-up transformer. As a result, an entire wind turbine electrical...

  6. Converting Maturing Nuclear Sites to Integrated Power Production Islands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles W. Solbrig

    2011-01-01

    plutonium. A nuclear island, an evolution of the integral fast reactor, utilizes all the Transuranics (Pu plus minor actinides produced in power production, and it eliminates all spent fuel shipments to and from the site. This latter attribute requires that fuel reprocessing occur on each site and that fast reactors be built on-site to utilize the TRU. All commercial spent fuel shipments could be eliminated by converting all LWR nuclear power sites to nuclear islands. Existing LWR sites have the added advantage of already possessing a license to produce nuclear power. Each could contribute to an increase in the nuclear power production by adding one or more fast reactors. Both the TRU and the depleted uranium obtained in reprocessing would be used on-site for fast fuel manufacture. Only fission products would be shipped to a repository for storage. The nuclear island concept could be used to alleviate the strain of LWR plant sites currently approaching or exceeding their spent fuel pool storage capacity. Fast reactor breeding ratio could be designed to convert existing sites to all fast reactors, or keep the majority thermal.

  7. Implementation of Power Efficient Flash Analogue-to-Digital Converter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taninki Sai Lakshmi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available An efficient low power high speed 5-bit 5-GS/s flash analogue-to-digital converter (ADC is proposed in this paper. The designing of a thermometer code to binary code is one of the exacting issues of low power flash ADC. The embodiment consists of two main blocks, a comparator and a digital encoder. To reduce the metastability and the effect of bubble errors, the thermometer code is converted into the gray code and there after translated to binary code through encoder. The proposed encoder is thus implemented by using differential cascade voltage switch logic (DCVSL to maintain high speed and low power dissipation. The proposed 5-bit flash ADC is designed using Cadence 180 nm CMOS technology with a supply rail voltage typically ±0.85 V. The simulation results include a total power dissipation of 46.69 mW, integral nonlinearity (INL value of −0.30 LSB and differential nonlinearity (DNL value of −0.24 LSB, of the flash ADC.

  8. Wireless power charging using point of load controlled high frequency power converters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, John M.; Campbell, Steven L.; Chambon, Paul H.; Seiber, Larry E.; White, Clifford P.

    2015-10-13

    An apparatus for wirelessly charging a battery of an electric vehicle is provided with a point of load control. The apparatus includes a base unit for generating a direct current (DC) voltage. The base unit is regulated by a power level controller. One or more point of load converters can be connected to the base unit by a conductor, with each point of load converter comprising a control signal generator that transmits a signal to the power level controller. The output power level of the DC voltage provided by the base unit is controlled by power level controller such that the power level is sufficient to power all active load converters when commanded to do so by any of the active controllers, without generating excessive power that may be otherwise wasted.

  9. DC Link Current Estimation in Wind-Double Feed Induction Generator Power Conditioning System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARIAN GAICEANU

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the implementation of the DC link current estimator in power conditioning system of the variable speed wind turbine is shown. The wind turbine is connected to double feed induction generator (DFIG. The variable electrical energy parameters delivered by DFIG are fitted with the electrical grid parameters through back-to-back power converter. The bidirectional AC-AC power converter covers a wide speed range from subsynchronous to supersynchronous speeds. The modern control of back-to-back power converter involves power balance concept, therefore its load power should be known in any instant. By using the power balance control, the DC link voltage variation at the load changes can be reduced. In this paper the load power is estimated from the dc link, indirectly, through a second order DC link current estimator. The load current estimator is based on the DC link voltage and on the dc link input current of the rotor side converter. This method presents certain advantages instead of using measured method, which requires a low pass filter: no time delay, the feedforward current component has no ripple, no additional hardware, and more fast control response. Through the numerical simulation the performances of the proposed DC link output current estimator scheme are demonstrated.

  10. Self-oscillating loop based piezoelectric power converter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    The present invention relates to a piezoelectric power converter comprising an input driver electrically coupled directly to an input or primary electrode of the piezoelectric transformer without any intervening series or parallel inductor. A feedback loop is operatively coupled between an output...... voltage of the piezoelectric transformer and the input driver to provide a self-oscillation loop around a primary section of the piezoelectric transformer oscillating at an excitation frequency. Electrical characteristics of the feedback loop are configured to set the excitation frequency of the self......- oscillation loop within a zero-voltage-switching (ZVS) operation range of the piezoelectric transformer....

  11. Full Range ZVS Phase Shifted Power Converter with "Poles"

    CERN Document Server

    Bordry, Frederick

    1998-01-01

    The study and development of a quasi-resonant power converter, with Full Bridge - PhaseShifted - Pulse Width Modulation (FB-PS-PWM) topology is presented. The originality of thepaper is the adding of resonant networks (poles) on each leg to get soft commutation (ZeroVoltage Switching ZVS) over the full range of the output current. The design of the polestructure and the component ratings are described. Simulations and a [1000A-15V] converterprototype, using dual-thyristor, validate the theoretical studies.

  12. Determination of fission fragment angle by the methods of grid pulse height and the time difference between grid and collector pulses in a back-to-back gridded ionisation chamber

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Measurement of the angle of fission fragments in 235U(nth, f) using a back-to-back gridded ionisation chamber is described by both the grid pulse height method and the method of the time difference between grid and collector pulses. By adopting a mass and energy dependent angle calibration procedure, angle resolution of 3 to 4 degrees (FWHM) could be achieved for light fragments in both methods. Fragment mass and kinetic energy correlations are studied after electronically collimating the fragments to a cone perpendicular to the target foil to reduce target thickness effects. The results show that for the fragment masses around ML=113 amu and MH=123 amu two kinetic energy groups separated by about 13 MeV are present. (orig.)

  13. Implementation of complementary resistive switch for image matching through back-to-back connection of ITO/TiO{sub 2-x}/TiO{sub 2}/ITO memristors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Sang-Jin; Kim, Sung-Jin; Cho, Kyoungrok [College of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Chungbuk National University, 52 Naesudong-ro, Cheongju, 361-763 (Korea, Republic of); Eshraghian, Kamran [College of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Chungbuk National University, 52 Naesudong-ro, Cheongju, 361-763 (Korea, Republic of); iDataMap Corporation, 198 Green Hill Road, Eastwood, South Australia, 5063 (Australia)

    2014-08-15

    Nanoscale memristive structures realized through combination of metal-insulator-metal (MIM) processing technologies have paved the way for efficient adoption of memory constructs such as ReRAM crossbar essential for mapping of new and emerging architectures. A noticeable drawback of the crossbar architecture is the existence of sneak-path currents between adjacent cells. Varieties of approaches including the complementary resistive switch (CRS) architecture offered as possible solution. This paper presents a memristor with heterojunction architecture ITO/TiO{sub 2-x}/TiO{sub 2}/ITO and implements CRS by anti-serial (back-to-back) connection of two memristive devices. For the application of this concept, implementation of an imaging search engine based on Hamming distance measure simply highlights the versatility of this novel technology. (copyright 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  14. A High Power Density Three-level Parallel Resonant Converter for Capacitor Charging

    OpenAIRE

    Sheng, Honggang

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation proposes a high-power, high-frequency and high-density three-level parallel resonant converter for capacitor charging. DC-DC pulsed power converters are widely used in military and medical systems, where the power density requirement is often stringent. The primary means for reducing the power converter size has been to reduce loss for reduced cooling systems and to increase the frequency for reduced passive components. Three-level resonant converters, which combine the mer...

  15. A new multi-motor drive system based on two-stage direct power converter

    OpenAIRE

    Kumar, Dinesh

    2011-01-01

    The two-stage AC to AC direct power converter is an alternative matrix converter topology, which offers the benefits of sinusoidal input currents and output voltages, bidirectional power flow and controllable input power factor. The absence of any energy storage devices, such as electrolytic capacitors, has increased the potential lifetime of the converter. In this research work, a new multi-motor drive system based on a two-stage direct power converter has been proposed, with two motors c...

  16. Improved Power Electronic Converter Topology Using a Variable Inductor for Electric Vehicles

    OpenAIRE

    Beraki, Mebrahtom Woldelibanos

    2015-01-01

    The design and selection of power inductor plays an essential role in the overall system performance as well as the size of power converter topologies. Therefore, this project is concentrated on the optimal power converters topologies definition based on variable inductor and focus is given to the design, implementation and testing of the DC-DC converters for improving the size and efficiency of power converters particularly for traction application. Both the design, modelling, simulation an...

  17. Asynchronous Power Flow Controller

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahul Juneja

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In the present system demand of electrical power increases so fast and transfer of electrical power is need of today‟s scenario. . The electrical power is transfer at same frequency through AC transmission line. However, power generation may be at different frequencies such as wind generation, sources at islanding or power generation in different countries. The proposed Asynchronous Power Flow Controller (APFC system essentially consists of two back-to-back voltage source converters as “Shunt Converter” and “Series Converter” which is coupled via a common dc link provided by a dc storage capacitor This paper suggests the power transfer and control between the sources operating at different or same frequencies.

  18. Modular Multi-level converter based HVDC System for Grid Connection of Offshore Wind Power Plant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gnanarathna, U.N.; Chaudhary, Sanjay Kumar; Gole, A.M.; Teodorescu, Remus

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the application of modular multi-level converters (MMC) as a means for harnessing the power from off-shore wind power plants. The MMC consists of a large number of simple voltage sourced converter (VSC) submodules that can be easily assembled into a converter for high-voltage ......This paper explores the application of modular multi-level converters (MMC) as a means for harnessing the power from off-shore wind power plants. The MMC consists of a large number of simple voltage sourced converter (VSC) submodules that can be easily assembled into a converter for high...

  19. Guiding Principles in Selecting AC To DC Converters For Power Factor Corrections in AC Transmission System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibekwe B.E

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The ac to dc converters’ power factors correction in ac transmission system were investigated. The studies include: phase-controlled converter; pulse width modulated (PWM converter and ac input current shaped converter. Using Fourier series, power factors of these converters were calculated and simulated using MATLAB. The resulting curves are displayed in the hard copies for practical guides in the choice of converters; and comparatively, current shaped type is the best.

  20. Converter Power Density Increase using Low Inductive Integrated DC-link Capacitor/Bus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trintis, Ionut; Franke, Toke; Rannested, Bjørn;

    2015-01-01

    The power losses in switching devices have a direct effect on the maximum converter power. For a voltage source converter, the DC-link bus has a major influence on the power loss and safe operating area of the power devices. The Power Ring Film CapacitorTM integrated with an optimized bus structu...

  1. Integration of planar transformer and/or planar inductor with power switches in power converter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Kanghua; Ahmed, Sayeed; Zhu, Lizhi

    2007-10-30

    A power converter integrates at least one planar transformer comprising a multi-layer transformer substrate and/or at least one planar inductor comprising a multi-layer inductor substrate with a number of power semiconductor switches physically and thermally coupled to a heat sink via one or more multi-layer switch substrates.

  2. Reliability-cost models for the power switching devices of wind power converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ma, Ke; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2012-01-01

    temperature mean value Tm and fluctuation amplitude ΔTj of power devices, are presented. With the proposed reliability-cost model, it is possible to enable future reliability-oriented design of the power switching devices for wind power converters, and also an evaluation benchmark for different wind power......In order to satisfy the growing reliability requirements for the wind power converters with more cost-effective solution, the target of this paper is to establish a new reliability-cost model which can connect the relationship between reliability performances and corresponding semiconductor cost...... for power switching devices. First the conduction loss, switching loss as well as thermal impedance models of power switching devices (IGBT module) are related to the semiconductor chip number information respectively. Afterwards simplified analytical solutions, which can directly extract the junction...

  3. Switching transients in high-frequency high-power converters using power MOSFET's

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sloane, T. H.; Owen, H. A., Jr.; Wilson, T. G.

    1979-01-01

    The use of MOSFETs in a high-frequency high-power dc-to-dc converter is investigated. Consideration is given to the phenomena associated with the paralleling of MOSFETs and to the effect of stray circuit inductances on the converter circuit performance. Analytical relationships between various time constants during the turning-on and turning-off intervals are derived which provide estimates of plateau and peak levels during these intervals.

  4. Power converter with maximum power point tracking MPPT for small wind-electric pumping systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • We implement a wind electric pumping system of small power. • The power converter allowed to change the operating point of the electro pump. • Two control techniques were implemented in the power converter. • The control V/f variable allowed to increase the power generated by the permanent magnet generator. - Abstract: In this work, an AC–DC–AC direct-drive power converter was implemented for a wind electric pumping system consisting of a permanent magnet generator (PMG) of 1.3 kW and a peripheral single phase pump of 0.74 kW. In addition, the inverter linear V/f control scheme and the maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm with variable V/f were developed. MPPT algorithm seeks to extract water in a wide range of power input using the maximum amount of wind power available. Experimental trials at different pump pressures were conducted. With a MPPT tracking system with variable V/f, a power value of 1.3 kW was obtained at a speed of 350 rpm and a maximum operating hydraulic head of 50 m. At lower operating heads pressures (between 10 and 40 m), variable V/f control increases the power generated by the PMG compared to the linear V/f control. This increase ranged between 4% and 23% depending on the operating pressure, with an average of 13%, getting close to the maximum electrical power curve of the PMG. The pump was driven at variable frequency reaching a minimum speed of 0.5 times the rated speed. Efficiency of the power converter ranges between 70% and 95% with a power factor between 0.4 and 0.85, depending on the operating pressure

  5. Model predictive control for Z-source power converter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mo, W.; Loh, P.C.; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents Model Predictive Control (MPC) of impedance-source (commonly known as Z-source) power converter. Output voltage control and current control for Z-source inverter are analyzed and simulated. With MPC's ability of multi- system variables regulation, load current and voltage...... regulations, impedance network inductor current, capacitor voltage as well as switching frequency fixation, transient reservation and null state penalization are all regulated as subjecting to constraints of this control method. The quality of output waveform, stability of impedance-network, level constraint...... of variable switching frequency as well as robustness of transient response can be obtained at the same time with a formulated Z-source network model. Operating steady state and transient state simulation of MPC are going to be presented, which shows good reference tracking ability of this control...

  6. US Mains Stacked Very High Frequency Self-oscillating Resonant Power Converter with Unified Rectifier

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jeppe Arnsdorf; Madsen, Mickey Pierre; Mønster, Jakob Døllner; Knott, Arnold; Andersen, Michael A. E.

    This paper describes a Very High Frequency (VHF) converter made with three Class-E inverters and a single ClassDE rectifier. The converter is designed for the US mains (120 V, 60 Hz) and can deliver 9 W to a 60 V LED. The converter has a switching frequency of 37 MHz and achieves an efficiency of...... 89.4%. With VHF converters the power density can be improved and the converter described in this paper has a power density of 2.14 W/cm3. The power factor (PF) requrements of mains connected equepment is fulfilled with a power factor of 0.96....

  7. Low-power PFC and forward converters : methods to improve performance

    OpenAIRE

    Tuomainen, Vesa

    2004-01-01

    The number of power electronic appliances is growing. Power electronic converters can be used to convert the ac line voltage to a dc voltage, and further through dc-dc conversion stages to desired dc voltages for different loads. This Thesis deals with three single-stage power factor correction converters and a forward type dc-dc converter. Single-stage converters can be considered as low cost solutions for power factor correction. This is because only one active switching stage is used i...

  8. Modular Power Electronic Converters in the Power Range 1 to 10 kW

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klimczak, Pawel

    Thanks to CO2 emission reduction policies and increasing prices of fossil fuels a significant growth in field of sustainable energy sources (SES) is being observed during last decade. A government support and take-off projects in Europe and US shall ensure an increasing trend in future too. Some of...... SES based plants , like hydro-, geothermal-, biofuel-plants, use synchronous generators directly connected to the grid. But some other SES technologies, like fuel cell or photovoltaic, require a power electronic converter between the energy source and the load or the grid. Work presented in this...... thesis concentrates on dc-dc non-isolated converters suitable for high voltage gain applications, like uninterruptible power supply (UPS) and some of sustainable energy sources. A special attention is on reduction of power losses and efficiency improvements in non-isolated dc-dc step-up converters...

  9. Reliability-cost models for the power switching devices of wind power converters

    OpenAIRE

    Ma, Ke; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2012-01-01

    In order to satisfy the growing reliability requirements for the wind power converters with more cost-effective solution, the target of this paper is to establish a new reliability-cost model which can connect the relationship between reliability performances and corresponding semiconductor cost for power switching devices. First the conduction loss, switching loss as well as thermal impedance models of power switching devices (IGBT module) are related to the semiconductor chip number informa...

  10. Study of Power Converter Topologies with Energy Recovery and grid power flow control Part B: boost converter with energy storage

    CERN Document Server

    Rogelio, Garcia Retegui; Gustavo, Uicich; Mario, Benedetti; Gilles, Le Godec; Konstantinos, Papastergiou

    2015-01-01

    In the framework of a Transfer line (TT2) Consolidation Programme, a number of studies on Energy cycling have been commissioned. Part of this work involves the study of dierent power electronic system topologies for magnet energy recovery. In this report, the use of a boost front-end converter supplying DC link of a 4-quadrant magnet supply is analysed. The key objective of the study is to find control strategies that result in the control of the peak power required from the power network as well as to recover the magnet energy into capacitor banks with controlled voltage fluctuation. The study comprises the modelling of the system by means of the method of state averaging and the development of regulation strategies to energy management. The proposed control strategies can be divided in two groups: in the first group, the magnet current is used to define the reference for the control system, while in the second group this current is unknown and some strategies are devised to limit the power drawn from the el...

  11. FFT Analysis of a Series Loaded Resonant Converter-Based Power Supply for Pulsed Power Applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An impulse power supply has been designed, simulated, and tested in order to feed the primary of a high-frequency transformer. Pulse power system has been widely used for plasma applications. The operational principle of the pulse power system is that the energy from the input source is stored in the capacitor bank device through a dc-dc converter. Then, when a discharging signal is given, the stored energy is released to the load. The new family of ZCS converters is suitable for high-power applications using insulated gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs). The power converter can achieve zero switching with the aid of high-frequency transformer. The device is capable of charging a 0.1μF capacitor up to 5 kV which accounts for a charging power of 5 kJ/s. The novel control algorithm is achieved which eminently considers the nonlinear control characteristics of impulse power supply. The required charging voltage, together with the constraint on the charging time, translates into a required maximum power of 10 kW reduced in this initial version to 5 kW. The difficulty to reliably control such a power at the high-voltage side practically forbids any approach featuring a more or less stabilized DC high-voltage to be generated from a conventional 50 Hz transformer through rectification.

  12. Harmonics caused by power converters; Power electronics oyo sochi no hasseisuru kochoha

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Motoyoshi, O.; Osawa, H. [Fuji Electric Corporate Research and Development, Ltd., Kanagawa (Japan)

    1996-12-10

    Power electronics applied devices utilize switching action of elements to adjust voltage, current, power and frequency, hence harmonics components are contained. The wider use of these devices have made actual such impediments as overheat in such paralleled devices as motors and capacitors, and occurrence of abnormal harmonics in electric power systems. Establishing suitable countermeasures requires knowledge about characteristics of the generated harmonics. Therefore, this paper summarizes harmonics generated by such representative power converters as a thyristor rectifier, a cycloconverter, an AC power adjusting device, and a PWM inverter. In the case of the thyristor rectifier, for example, waveform analysis revealed that AC side waveforms vary due to difference in connection systems (Y and {Delta}) in transformers for the converters, but there is no difference in order and size of the contained harmonic current; and it is only the phase of harmonic current that varies. 2 refs., 9 figs.

  13. Power efficiency improvement of a multi-oscillated current resonant type DC-DC converter

    OpenAIRE

    Sato, Tadahiko; Matsuo, Hirofumi; Ota, Hiroyuki; Ishizuka, Yoichi; Higashi, Nobuhiro

    2009-01-01

    This paper deals with an improvement of a power efficiency of a multi-oscillated current resonant type DC-DC converter. The current resonant type converter employs generally the pulse frequency modulation and its magnetizing inductance is set relatively low. For this reason, the magnetizing current through the converter causes a power loss under a light load. In order to solve this problem, a multi-oscillated current resonant type DC-DC converter has been proposed, and revealed the advantage ...

  14. Two phase interleaved buck converter for driving high power LEDs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beczkowski, Szymon; Munk-Nielsen, Stig

    2011-01-01

    The goal of this paper is to evaluate an interleaved buck topology for driving high current light-emitting diodes. Low output capacitor value allows the use of non-electrolytic capacitors extending the lifetime of the converter. Converter is operated as a constant, regulated current source which...... increases luminous efficacy of LED compared to PWM dimmed system. Because of the low dynamic resistance of LEDs the duty cycle of the converter does not change greatly with controlled current. By setting the input voltage of the buck converter to around twice the voltage of diode strings, converter can be...

  15. Matrix Converter Based Unified Power Quality Conditioner (MUPQC for Power Quality Improvement in a Utility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.L. Valsala

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This study proposes a new approach of unified power quality conditioner which is made up of a matrix converter without energy storage devices to mitigate the current harmonics, voltage sags and swell. By connecting the matrix converter output terminals to the load side through series transformer and the input side of matrix converter is connected to the supply side with step up transformer. So a matrix converter injects the compensation voltage on the load-side, so it is possible to mitigate the voltage sag/swell problems, resulting in an efficient solution for mitigating voltage and current related power quality problems. Thus, the proposed topology can mitigate the voltage fluctuations and current harmonics without energy storage elements and the total harmonic distortion produced by the system also very low. It also reduced volume and cost, reduced capacitor power losses, together with higher reliability. The Space-Vector Modulation (SVM is used to control the matrix converter. MATLAB/SIMULINK based simulation results are presented to validate the approach.

  16. A Learning Aid Tool for Power Electronics Converters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Bouketir

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available It is known that power electronics and its related subjects are not easy to understand for students taking them for first time. This is due to nature of the subjects which involve many areas and disciplines. The introduction of general purpose simulation package has helped the student a step further in understanding this subject. However, because of the generality of these tools and their drag-and drop and ad-hoc features, the students still face problems in designing a converter circuit. In this paper, the problem above is addressed by introducing a learning aid tool that guides the student over prescribed steps to design a power electronics circuit. The tool is knowledge-based system where its knowledge base encompasses two types of knowledge; topologies and switching devices. The first step in the design procedure is the selection of the application of the desired circuit. Then few steps are to be followed to come out with the appropriate topology with the optimum switching devices and parameters. System structure, its different modules and the detailed design procedure are explained in this paper

  17. Multidisciplinary approach to converting power chair into motorized prone cart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brose, Steven W; Wali, Eisha

    2014-01-01

    Pressure ulcers remain a major source of morbidity and mortality in veterans with neurologic impairment. Management of pressure ulcers typically involves pressure relief over skin regions containing wounds, but this can lead to loss of mobility and independence when the wounds are located in regions that receive pressure from sitting. An innovative, low-cost, multidisciplinary effort was undertaken to maximize quality of life in a veteran with a thoracic-4 level complete spinal cord injury and a stage 4 ischial wound. The person's power wheelchair was converted into a motorized prone cart, allowing navigation of the Department of Veterans Affairs spinal cord injury hospital ward and improved socialization while relieving pressure on the wound. Physical and occupational therapy assisted with the reconfiguration of the power chair and verified safe transfers into the chair and driving of the device. Psychology verified positive psychosocial benefit, while nursing and physician services verified an absence of unwanted pain or skin injury resulting from use of the device. Further investigation of ways to apply this technique is warranted to improve the quality of life of persons with pressure ulcers. PMID:25786192

  18. Multidisciplinary approach to converting power chair into motorized prone cart

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steven W. Brose, DO

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Pressure ulcers remain a major source of morbidity and mortality in veterans with neurologic impairment. Management of pressure ulcers typically involves pressure relief over skin regions containing wounds, but this can lead to loss of mobility and independence when the wounds are located in regions that receive pressure from sitting. An innovative, low-cost, multidisciplinary effort was undertaken to maximize quality of life in a veteran with a thoracic-4 level complete spinal cord injury and a stage 4 ischial wound. The person's power wheelchair was converted into a motorized prone cart, allowing navigation of the Department of Veterans Affairs spinal cord injury hospital ward and improving socialization while relieving pressure on the wound. Physical and occupational therapy assisted with the reconfiguration of the power chair and verified safe transfers into the chair and driving of the device. Psychology verified positive psychosocial benefit, while nursing and physician services verified an absence of unwanted pain or skin injury resulting from use of the device. Further investigation of ways to apply this technique is warranted to improve the quality of life of persons with pressure ulcers.

  19. Analysis of Power Converter Losses in Vector Control System of a Self-Excited Induction Generator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bašić, Mateo; Vukadinović, Dinko; Polić, Miljenko

    2014-03-01

    This paper provides analysis of losses in the hysteresis-driven three-phase power converter with IGBTs and free-wheeling diodes. The converter under consideration is part of the self-excited induction generator (SEIG) vector control system. For the analysis, the SEIG vector control system is used in which the induction generator iron losses are taken into account. The power converter losses are determined by using a suitable loss estimation algorithm reported in literature. The chosen algorithm allows the power converter losses to be determined both by type (switching/conduction losses) and by converter component (IGBT/diode losses). The overall power converter losses are determined over wide ranges of rotor speed, dc-link voltage and load resistance, and subsequently used for offline correction of the overall control system's losses (efficiency) obtained through control system simulations with an ideal power converter. The control system's efficiency values obtained after the correction are compared with the measured values.

  20. Back-to-back gridded ionization detector technique for the determination of fragment angle and its use for the measurement of neutron angular distributions in 235U(nth,f)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A back-to-back gridded ionization chamber was used to measure the prompt neutron angular distributions after determining the fission fragment angle with incorporation of energy loss correction in the target and backing material. The correspondence of the ratio (Vg/Vc) of the grid pulse height to the collector pulse height with cos θ is made use of to derive energy loss corrected Vg and Vc values. The fragment angle is obtained from the corrected grid pulse heights after determining the calibration constants for 0 and 90 emission angles as a function of energy and mass of the fission fragments. An angular resolution of 2 to 3 [FWHM]for each fragment could be obtained over a large angular range on each side of the ionization chamber. The chamber was used along with a NE213 neutron detector to measure the angular distributions of the prompt neutrons emitted in the thermal neutron induced fission of 235U, and results of these are reported as an illustration of the present method. (orig.)

  1. Maximum Power Search in Wind Turbine Based on Fuzzy Logic Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evgenije Adzic

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes fuzzy logic control of induction generator speed in windturbine application. The aim of fuzzy controller is to establishe maximum power delivery tothe grid from available wind power. Fully-controlled wind turbine which consists ofinduction generator and back-to-back converter is under estimate. This configuration hasfull control over the electrical torque, full control of the speed, and also supports reactivepower compensation and operation under grid disturbances. Fuzzy logic control alorithmhas been aplied and validated by detailed simulation in MATLAB/Simulink. All systemcomponents have been described in detail.

  2. Soft switching buck-boost converter for photovoltaic power generation; Taiyoko hatsuden no tame no soft switching shokoatsu converter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, H. [Kyungnam University (Korea, Republic of)

    1996-10-27

    A soft switching method with small switching loss was proposed for the purpose of increasing the efficiency of a DC-DC boost converter which converted a DC current generated by solar cells to a variable DC current. Existing current converters are supplemented by using a snubber circuit around the switch so as to protect the switch by a hard switching action. However, with an increase of the output current, snubber loss is increased, reducing the efficiency. In order to solve this problem, the partial resonant switch method was applied to the converter; with this method of partially forming a resonant circuit only at the time of turning on/off of the switch, the switching loss was reduced through the soft switching, thereby making the proposed converter operate with high efficiency. Moreover, the resonant element of the partial resonant circuit using a snubber condenser, the energy accumulated in the condenser was regenerated on the power supply side without loss of snubber. With the regenerated energy, the proposed converter was provided with a smaller ratio of switching to use than the conventional converter. 4 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

  3. AC–AC power electronic converters without DC energy storage: A review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • The review of AC–AC power converters, without DC energy storage elements are shown. • A limitations of such systems are depicted. • Basic properties and regulation ranges of presented converters are shown. • The comprehensive comparison of component complexity and basic properties of such converters is presented. - Abstract: The development of power converter topologies, with an increased number of components seems to be an interesting option in modern applications, especially in terms of reliability, efficiency, and current or voltage distortions improvement. This paper focuses on AC–AC power converter technologies without DC-link energy storage elements. The presented converter topologies are fully solid state devices with small passive elements, which are implemented to filter off the high frequency current or voltage components. In the paper the converters are categorized into two groups: with constant output frequency, and with variable output frequency. The first group includes topologies of matrix and matrix-reactance choppers. The second group includes frequency converters based on the matrix converter, taking into account indirect (indirect matrix converter, sparse matrix converter) and multi-level topologies (three-level-output-stage indirect matrix converter, indirect three-level sparse matrix converter, multimodular matrix converters), as well as the topology allowing an increase in the output voltage (matrix-reactance frequency converters). Various converter topologies are presented, compared, and evaluated against output voltage and phase control, input power factor control, and number of components. The features of each converter configuration are considered in the context of alternative applications for commonly used converters with DC-link energy storage devices

  4. Two phase interleaved buck converter for driving high power LEDs

    OpenAIRE

    Beczkowski, Szymon; Munk-Nielsen, Stig

    2011-01-01

    The goal of this paper is to evaluate an interleaved buck topology for driving high current light-emitting diodes. Low output capacitor value allows the use of non-electrolytic capacitors extending the lifetime of the converter. Converter is operated as a constant, regulated current source which increases luminous efficacy of LED compared to PWM dimmed system. Because of the low dynamic resistance of LEDs the duty cycle of the converter does not change greatly with controlled current. By sett...

  5. Two-stage optimization method for efficient power converter design including light load operation

    OpenAIRE

    R. Yu; Ling, BWK; Pong, BMH; Lam, J

    2012-01-01

    Power converter efficiency is always a hot topic for switch mode power supplies. Nowadays, high efficiency is required over a wide load range, e.g., 20, 50, and 100 load. Computer-aided design optimization is developed in this research study, to optimize off-line power converter efficiency from light load to full load. A two-stage optimization method to optimize power converter efficiency from light load to full load is proposed. The optimization procedure first breaks the converter design va...

  6. Design of a Switch-Mode Power Electronic Converter for Teaching Laboratory

    OpenAIRE

    Solheim, Ragnhild

    2012-01-01

    A power electronic switch-mode three-leg converter is a flexible converter and hence very useful for practical teaching of several disciplines within electric power engineering. It can be used as a half-bridge, full-bridge and three-phase converter, to mention a few, and enables the user to study many different power electronic topologies. The converter, controlled by a microcontroller, can also be used for teaching digital control of power electronics. Its output can be varied in frequency, ...

  7. DC Storage Energy Variation Factor Study for Switched Mode Power Converters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The effectiveness of energy conversion in DC switched-mode power converters is studied.The ratio of the energy storage in the systemto the energy put - through is investigated for several converters.A very comprehensive study to identify how the energy is manipulatedby the various types of converters is reported in this paper.

  8. New Primary-Parallel Boost Converter for High-Power High-Gain Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nymand, Morten; Andersen, Michael A. E.

    and manufacturing. Extension of the principle to other isolated boost converter topologies are demonstrated as well as extension to higher numbers of parallel operated power stages. Test results from a 3 kW experimental prototype converter are presented, verifying converter operation and demonstrating...

  9. Thermal analysis of multi-MW two-level wind power converter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhou, Dao; Blaabjerg, Frede; Mogens, Lau;

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, the multi-MW wind turbine of partial-scale and full-scale two-level power converter with DFIG and direct-drive PMSG are designed and compared in terms of their thermal performance. Simulations of different configurations regarding loss distribution and junction temperature in the...... power device in the whole range of wind speed are presented and analyzed. It is concluded that in both partial-scale and full-scale power converter the most thermal stressed power device in the generator-side converter will have higher mean junction temperature and larger junction temperature...... fluctuation compared to grid-side converter at the rated wind speed. Moreover, the thermal performance of the generator-side converter in the partial-scale power converter becomes crucial around the synchronous operating point and should be considered carefully....

  10. Shunt Active and Series Active Filters-Based Power Quality Conditioner for Matrix Converter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Jeno Paul

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a series active filter and shunt active filter to minimize the power quality impact present in matrix converters instead of passive filter. A matrix converter produces significant harmonics and nonstandard frequency components into load. The proposed system compensates the sag and swell problems efficiently in matrix converter. The proposed system has been tested and validated on the matrix converter using MATLAB/Simulink software. Simulated results confirm that the active power filters can maintain high performance for matrix converter.

  11. Efficiency limits of laser power converters for optical power transfer applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have developed III–V-based high-efficiency laser power converters (LPCs), optimized specifically for converting monochromatic laser radiation at the eye-safe wavelength of 1.55 µm into electrical power. The applications of these photovoltaic cells include high-efficiency space-based and terrestrial laser power transfer and subsequent conversion to electrical power. In addition, these cells also find use in fibre-optic power delivery, remote powering of subcutaneous equipment and several other optical power delivery applications. The LPC design is based on lattice-matched InGaAsP/InP and incorporates elements for photon-recycling and contact design for efficient carrier extraction. Here we compare results from electro-optical design simulations with experimental results from prototype devices studied both in the lab and in field tests. We analyse wavelength and temperature dependence of the LPC characteristics. An experimental conversion efficiency of 44.6% [±1%] is obtained from the prototype devices under monochromatic illumination at 1.55 µm (illumination power density of 1 kW m−2) at room temperature. Further design optimization of our LPC is expected to scale the efficiency beyond 50% at 1 kW m−2. (paper)

  12. Efficiency limits of laser power converters for optical power transfer applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukherjee, J.; Jarvis, S.; Perren, M.; Sweeney, S. J.

    2013-07-01

    We have developed III-V-based high-efficiency laser power converters (LPCs), optimized specifically for converting monochromatic laser radiation at the eye-safe wavelength of 1.55 µm into electrical power. The applications of these photovoltaic cells include high-efficiency space-based and terrestrial laser power transfer and subsequent conversion to electrical power. In addition, these cells also find use in fibre-optic power delivery, remote powering of subcutaneous equipment and several other optical power delivery applications. The LPC design is based on lattice-matched InGaAsP/InP and incorporates elements for photon-recycling and contact design for efficient carrier extraction. Here we compare results from electro-optical design simulations with experimental results from prototype devices studied both in the lab and in field tests. We analyse wavelength and temperature dependence of the LPC characteristics. An experimental conversion efficiency of 44.6% [±1%] is obtained from the prototype devices under monochromatic illumination at 1.55 µm (illumination power density of 1 kW m-2) at room temperature. Further design optimization of our LPC is expected to scale the efficiency beyond 50% at 1 kW m-2.

  13. A DC-DC Converter Efficiency Model for System Level Analysis in Ultra Low Power Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Benton H. Calhoun; Aatmesh Shrivastava

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a model of inductor based DC-DC converters that can be used to study the impact of power management techniques such as dynamic voltage and frequency scaling (DVFS). System level power models of low power systems on chip (SoCs) and power management strategies cannot be correctly established without accounting for the associated overhead related to the DC-DC converters that provide regulated power to the system. The proposed model accurately predicts the efficiency of induct...

  14. A High Efficiency Power Factor Correction Using Interleaved Boost Converter With Fuzzy Logic Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.BHUVANESWARI

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents interleaved front end boost converter to perform better power factor correction to store energy for electric vehicles. The interleaved boost converter increases reliability, decreased stress on critical components, improves efficiency and more flexibility. The parallel connection of two boost converters reduces the input ripple current of the converter. The interleaved boost converter with coupled inductors reduces the volume and copper usage of the magnetic components and also achieves high power density. The coupled inductor delivers continuous current to improve the efficiency. The boost power factor correction (PFC converter with auxiliary circuit optimizes the amount of reactive current during light load condition. In addition the control system regulates the amount of reactive current to guarantee zero voltage switching (ZVS during line cycle for different load conditions. The proposed interleaved boost converter with coupled inductor was modeled and its performance is simulated and analyzed in Mat lab/Simulink environment.

  15. A Comparison Between Two Average Modelling Techniques of AC-AC Power Converters

    OpenAIRE

    Pawel Szczesniak

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, a comparative evaluation of two modelling tools for switching AC-AC power converters is presented. Both of them are based on average modelling techniques. The first approach is based on the circuit averaging technique and consists in the topological manipulations, applied to a converters states. The second approach makes use of state-space averaged model of the converter and is based on analytical manipulations using the different state representations of a converter. The two m...

  16. Independent Control of Active and Reactive Powers of a DFIG Based Wind Energy Conversion System by Vector Control

    OpenAIRE

    Ibrahim Ahmad A; Anitha, D.

    2015-01-01

    The paper deals with a design and implementation of a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) wind energy conversion system (WECS) connected to the power grid. A back-to-back AC/DC/AC converter is incorporated between the stator and the rotor windings of a DFIG, in order to obtain variable speed operation. The DFIG can be controlled from sub-synchronous speed to super synchronous speed operation. The main objective of the paper is to control the flow of the Active and Reactive power...

  17. Synthesis of a bis-macrocycle containing two back-to-back rigidly connected 1,10-phenanthroline units as a central core and its incorporation in a handcuff-like catenane.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frey, Julien; Kraus, Tomás; Heitz, Valérie; Sauvage, Jean-Pierre

    2007-01-01

    A bis-macrocycle containing two back-to-back connected 1,10-phenanthroline chelates has been prepared. The synthetic strategy involves the preparation of a monocyclic precursor consisting of a 1,10-phenanthroline-5,6-dione fragment incorporated in a 30-membered ring. This important intermediate has been prepared via two distinct routes, both strategies relying on the use of a ketal as a 1,2-dione protective group. A four-component condensation reaction between two molecules of the macrocyclic dione and two equivalents of ammonia (used in large excess) in the presence of a reducing agent (Na(2)S(2)O(4)) leads to the desired bis-ring in good yield. The most direct synthetic route allows preparation of the bis-macrocycle in seven steps from 1,10-phenanthroline in an overall yield of 14 %. Using the now well-established "gathering and threading" effect of copper(I), a doubly threaded species could be obtained in quantitative yield, in which each ring of the bis-macrocycle is threaded by a "molecular string". These fragments bear terminal allylic groups, which are used to prepare the final catenane by performing a double ring-closing metathesis reaction. This final cyclisation reaction is high yielding and affords the desired catenane consisting of a bis-macrocycle of which the two cyclic units are threaded by a large ring. The compound has been fully characterised by classical techniques. Electronic spectroscopy and electrochemical measurements suggest that the two copper complex subunits do not interact electronically, in spite of the aromatic nature of the bridging ligand between the two metal centres. PMID:17694529

  18. Capacitor performance limitations in high power converter applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    El-Khatib, Walid Ziad; Holbøll, Joachim; Rasmussen, Tonny Wederberg

    2013-01-01

    High voltage low inductance capacitors are used in converters as HVDC-links, snubber circuits and sub model (MMC) capacitances. They facilitate the possibility of large peak currents under high frequent or transient voltage applications. On the other hand, using capacitors with larger equivalent...... ratings and capacitances where investigated and compared a) on a component scale, characterizing the capacitors transient performance and b) as part of different converter applications, where the series inductance plays a role. In that way, better insight is achieved on how the capacitor construction can...... affect the total performance of the converter....

  19. High-feedback Operation of Power Electronic Converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhusubaliyev, Zhanybai T.; Mosekilde, Erik; Andriyanov, Alexey I.;

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this review is to provide a survey of some of the most important bifurcation phenomena that one can observe in pulse-modulated converter systems when operating with high corrector gain factors. Like other systems with switching control, electronic converter systems belong to the...... resonant periodic dynamics on the surface of a two-dimensional torus. This transition occurs when the feedback gain is increased beyond a certain threshold, for instance in order to improve the speed and accuracy of the output voltage regulation. For each of the three converter types, we discuss a number...

  20. Cost on Reliability and Production Loss for Power Converters in DFIG to Support Modern Grid Codes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhou, Dao; Blaabjerg, Frede; Lau, Mogens; Tonnes, Michael

    2016-01-01

    As wind farms are normally located in remote areas, many grid codes have been issued especially related to the reactive power support. Although the Doubly-Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) based power converter is able to control the active power and reactive power independently, the effects of...... providing reactive power on the lifetime of the power converter and the cost-of-energy of the whole system are seldom evaluated, even though it is an important topic. In this paper, the loss models of the DFIG system are established at various conditions of the reactive power injection. If the mission...... profile is taken into account, the lifespan of the power semiconductors as well as the cost of the reactive power can be calculated. It is concluded that an over-excited reactive power injection significantly reduces the power converter lifetime, only 1/4 of the case that there is no reactive power...

  1. Power Loss Modeling of Isolated AC/DC Converter

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmad Khan, Naveed

    2012-01-01

    Several research activities at KTH are carried out related to Isolated AC/DC converters in order to improve the design and efficiency. Concerning the improvement in the mentioned constraints, losses of the elements in the prototype converter are modeled in this thesis work. The obtained loss model is capable of calculating the losses under different circumstances. The individual contribution of losses for each element at different conditions can be obtained, which is further useful in improvi...

  2. Integrated magnetics design for HF-link power converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ljusev, Petar; Andersen, Michael Andreas E.

    2005-01-01

    This paper deals with the design of integrated magnetics for HF-link converters, where the integrated magnetic components do not necessarily belong to the same voltage loop. Depending on the specific HF-link converter topology, the proposed integrated magnetics can either alleviate the derivation...... of independent auxiliary supply voltages from the main transformer or integrate other magnetic structures, thus saving board space and cutting costs....

  3. Ultra-Lightweight, High Efficiency Silicon-Carbide (SIC) Based Power Electronic Converters Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — In Phase I of this project, APEI, Inc. proved the feasibility of creating ultra-lightweight power converters (utilizing now emerging silicon carbide [SiC] power...

  4. Reliability of Capacitors for DC-Link Applications in Power Electronic Converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Huai; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2014-01-01

    DC-link capacitors are an important part in the majority of power electronic converters which contribute to cost, size and failure rate on a considerable scale. From capacitor users' viewpoint, this paper presents a review on the improvement of reliability of dc link in power electronic converters...

  5. Accelerated lifetime testing of energy storage capacitors used in particle accelerators power converters

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(SzGeCERN)679542; Genton, Charles-Mathieu

    2015-01-01

    Energy storage capacitors are used in large quantities in high power converters for particle accelerators. In this application capacitors see neither a DC nor an AC voltage but a combination of the two. The paper presents a new power converter explicitly designed to perform accelerated testing on these capacitors and the results of the tests.

  6. Model based design of efficient power take-off systems for wave energy converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Rico Hjerm; Andersen, Torben Ole; Pedersen, Henrik C.

    2011-01-01

    The Power Take-Off (PTO) is the core of a Wave Energy Converter (WECs), being the technology converting wave induced oscillations from mechanical energy to electricity. The induced oscillations are characterized by being slow with varying frequency and amplitude. Resultantly, fluid power is often...

  7. Investigating Enhancement Mode Gallium Nitride Power FETs in High Voltage, High Frequency Soft Switching Converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nour, Yasser; Knott, Arnold; Jørgensen, Ivan Harald Holger

    2016-01-01

    An increased attention has been detected to develop smaller and lighter high voltage power converters in the range of 50V to 400V domain. The main applications for these converters are mainly focused for Power over Ethernet (PoE), LED lighting and AC adapters. This work will discuss a study of...

  8. Fault Tolerant Ancillary Function of Power Converters in Distributed Generation Power System within a Microgrid Structure

    OpenAIRE

    Di Tommaso, Antonino O.; Fabio Genduso; Rosario Miceli; Giuseppe Ricco Galluzzo

    2013-01-01

    Distributed generation (DG) is deeply changing the existing distribution networks which become very sophisticated and complex incorporating both active and passive equipment. The simplification of their management can be obtained assuming a structure with small networks, namely, microgrids, reproducing, in a smaller scale, the structure of large networks including production, transmission, and distribution of the electrical energy. Power converters in distributed generation systems carry on s...

  9. Solid State Transformer Based on the Flying Capacitor Multilevel Converter for Intelligent Power Management

    OpenAIRE

    Ghias, Amer M.Y.M.; Ciobotaru, M.; Agelidis, Vassilios; Pou Félix, Josep

    2012-01-01

    Future grids will consist of large scale of integration of both renewable and other distributed energy sources. Therefore, advanced power electronics converters for critical loads will be needed in order to enhance power quality, and to ensure proper and secure operation of future grids. These power converters must be able to provide intelligent power management as well as ancillary services. This paper proposes a solid state transformer (SST) which consists of medium fre...

  10. Matrix Converter Bi-directional Switch Power Loss and Cooling Condition Estimation for Integrated Drives

    OpenAIRE

    Sokolovs, A; Galkins, I

    2010-01-01

    In this paper power loss estimation of bi-directional switch of matrix converter is done by means of calculation and experiments. For safe operation of power devices an efficient cooling system of specific device must be designed. This work is part of a greater project of integrated matrix converter AC drives and the cooling problem here is viewed in context of this task. It is necessary to develop a compact power board and cooling system to extract excessive heat from power devices.

  11. A Dual-Input DC-DC Converter Using Clean Energy Power Supplies

    OpenAIRE

    Eguchi, Kei

    2010-01-01

    In this chapter, a serial SC DC-DC converter using clean energy power supplies has been proposed. The validity of the circuit design was confirmed by theoretical analyses, SPICE simulations, and experiments. The proposed converter can realize not only long battery runtime but also small hardware-cost and wide input-range. Concretely, in comparison with the conventional parallel converter using 1.5× step-up SC converters, the proposed converter can achieve 20%

  12. The TELEC - A plasma type of direct energy converter. [Thermo-Electronic Laser Energy Converter for electric power generation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Britt, E. J.

    1978-01-01

    The Thermo-Electronic Laser Energy Converter (TELEC) is a high-power density plasma device designed to convert a 10.6-micron CO2 laser beam into electric power. Electromagnetic radiation is absorbed in plasma electrons, creating a high-electron temperature. Energetic electrons diffuse from the plasma and strike two electrodes having different areas. The larger electrode collects more electrons and there is a net transport of current. An electromagnetic field is generated in the external circuit. A computer program has been designed to analyze TELEC performance allowing parametric variation for optimization. Values are presented for TELEC performance as a function of cesium pressure and for current density and efficiency as a function of output voltage. Efficiency is shown to increase with pressure, reaching a maximum over 45%.

  13. Design of Power Converters for Renewable Energy Sources and Electric Vehicles Charging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Tvrdon

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the design and construction of new series of power converters equipped with liquid cooling system. This power series is created for project ENET – Energy Units for Utilization of non Traditional Energy Sources. First power converter is determined for stationary battery system use, the second one is used as an inverter/rectifier for a small solar plant system and the last power inverter is used as a fast charger for electric vehicles. Energy balance is performed for the fast charger converter, which is solved using numerical simulations of the system.

  14. Comparison of multi-MW converters considering the determining factors in wind power application

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ma, Ke; Liserre, Marco; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2013-01-01

    Many power converter configurations have been proposed for the next generation multi-MW wind turbines. However a comprehensive comparison based on the real determining factors in the wind power application is still missing. In fact the existing evaluation criteria and methods for the multi-MW power...... to be unified for comparison. And the two-level low-voltage converter solution still shows cost advantage regarding power semiconductors, while some multi-level medium-voltage converter solutions can show better performance when complying with the grid codes....

  15. Study and Handling Methods of Power IGBT Module Failures in Power Electronic Converter Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Choi, Uimin; Blaabjerg, Frede; Lee, Kyo-Beum

    2015-01-01

    availability in different applications. This paper presents an overview of the major failure mechanisms of IGBT modules and their handling methods in power converter systems improving reliability. The major failure mechanisms of IGBT modules are presented first, and methods for predicting lifetime and......Power electronics plays an important role in a wide range of applications in order to achieve high efficiency and performance. Increasing efforts are being made to improve the reliability of power electronics systems to ensure compliance with more stringent constraints on cost, safety, and...... estimating the junction temperature of IGBT modules are then discussed. Subsequently, different methods for detecting open- and short-circuit faults are presented. Finally, fault-tolerant strategies for improving the reliability of power electronic systems under field operation are explained and compared in...

  16. Topology and Technology Survey on Medium Voltage Power Converters for Large Wind Turbines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sztykiel, Michal; Teodorescu, Remus; Munk-Nielsen, Stig; Rodriguez, Pedro; Helle, Lars; Busca, Christian

    2011-01-01

    Based on state-of-the-art within generator and power converter designs, this paper presents and justifies the most promising converter circuitries and concepts for future 10 MW wind turbines. In order to reduce losses and increase efficiency of the turbine, it is assumed that the bulky step......-up transformer is permanently removed from the topology. As a result, the generator-converter circuitry operates on 20 kV level, which introduces new challenges into the design. The first part of the paper presents a system approach, in which general converter features are discussed with regard to this specific...... various circuit configurations of previously defined power modules....

  17. Energy Factor and Mathematical Modeling for Power DC/DC Converters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fang Lin LUO; Hong YE

    2004-01-01

    Mathematical modelling for power DC/DC converters is a historical problem accompanying DC/DC conversion technology since 1940's. The traditional mathematical modelling is not available for complex structure converters since the differential equation order increases very high. We have to search other way to establish mathematical modelling for power DC/DC converters. We have theoretically defined a new concept - Energy Factor (EF) in this paper and researched the relations between EF and the mathematical modelling for power DC/DC converters. EF is a new concept in power DC/DC conversion technology, which thoroughly differs from the traditional concepts such as power factor (PF), power transfer efficiency (η), total harmonic distortion (THD) and ripple factor (RF). EF and the subsequential EFv (and EFvD ) can illustrate the system stability, reference response and interference recovery. This investigation is very helpful for system design and DC/DC converters characteristics foreseeing. Two DC/DC converters: Buck converter and Super-Lift Luo-Converter as the samples are analysed in this paper to demonstrate the applications of EF, EFv (and EFvD), PE,SE, VE (and VED ), time constant τ and damping time constant τd .

  18. Multi-timescale modelling for the loading behaviours of power electronics converter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ma, Ke; Blaabjerg, Frede

    The thermal dynamics of power device, referred as “thermal cycling”, are closely related to the reliability as well as the cost of the power electronics converter. However, the device loading is disturbed by many factors of the converter system which present at various times-constants from micro......-seconds to years, thereby the complete loading conditions of power device are still challenge to be predicted by the existing models, which normally have to be restricted at certain time ranges. As a result, a more advanced modelling concept is proposed in this paper, which separates the converter system...... multi-timescales modelling concept and approaches, more complete loading information of power device can be mapped based on the mission profiles of converter, thus it is very helpful for better prediction of converter lifetime and more cost-effective design of the cooling system....

  19. Implementation of Fuzzy Logic controller in Photovoltaic Power generation using Boost Converter and Boost Inverter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abubakkar Siddik A

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Increasing in power demand and shortage of conventional energy sources, researchers are focused on renewable energy. The proposed solar power generation circuit consists of solar array, boost converter and boost inverter. Low voltage, of photovoltaic array, is boosted using dc-dc boost converter to charge the battery and boost inverter convert this battery voltage to high quality sinusoidal ac voltage. The output of solar power fed from boost inverter feed to autonomous load without any intermediate conversion stage and a filter. For boost converter operation duty cycle is varied through fuzzy logic controller and PWM block to regulate the converter output voltage. The ac voltage total harmonic distortion (THD obtained using this configuration is quite acceptable. The proposed power generation system has several desirable features such as low cost and compact size as number of switches used, are limited to four as against six switches used in classical two-stage inverters.

  20. Forward Single-Stage Power Factor Correction AC/DC Converter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fang Lin Luo; Hong Ye

    2005-01-01

    Power Factor Correction (PFC) is the capacity of generating or absorbing the reactive power produced by a load.The major industrial loads have aninductive power factor. The current tends to go beyond the power is usually used for the power conversion.This paper introduces a forward Single-Stage Power Factor Correction AC/DC converter which effectively improves the power factor up to PF=0.999.The simulation and experimental results verified our design.

  1. Voltage source ac-to-dc converters for high-power transmitters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cormier, R.

    1990-01-01

    This work was done to optimize the design of the components used for the beam power supply, which is a component of the transmitters in the Deep Space Network (DSN). The major findings are: (1) the difference in regulation between a six-pulse and a twelve-pulse converter is at most 7 percent worse for the twelve-pulse converter; (2) the commutation overlap angle of a current source converter equals that of a voltage source converter with continuous line currents; (3) the sources of uncharacteristic harmonics are identified with SPICE simulation; (4) the use of an imperfect phase-shifting transformer for the twelve-pulse converter generates a harmonic at six times the line frequency; and (5) the assumptions usually made in analyzing converters can be relaxed with SPICE simulation. The results demonstrate the suitability of using SPICE simulation to obtain detailed performance predictions of ac-to-dc converters.

  2. Performance improvement of sensorless vector control for matrix converter drives using PQR power theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lee, Kyo Beum; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents a new method to improve sensorless performance of matrix converter drives using PQR power transformation. The non-linearity of matrix converter drives such as commutation delay, turn-on and turn-off time of switching device, and on-state switching device voltage drop is modelled...... drives using a 3 kW matrix converter system without a speed sensor. Experimental results are shown to illustrate the feasibility of the proposed strategy....

  3. Carrier phase shifted SPWM based on current sourced multi-modular converter for active power filter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王立乔; 李建林; 张仲超

    2004-01-01

    A novel current-source active power filter(APF)based on multi-modular converter with carrier phase-shifted SPWM(CPS-SPWM)technique is proposed.With this technique,the effect of equivalent high switching frequency converter is obtained with low switching frequency converter.It is very promising in current-source APF that adopt superconducting magnetic energy storage component.

  4. Design of high voltage DC power supply based on LCC resonant converter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this paper is to design a small size, light weight high frequency high voltage (HFHV) power supply. It presents a comprehensive procedure for designing a high output voltage power supply based on series-parallel (LCC) resonant converter, aiming to realize the soft-switching. Through mathematical calculation based on an extensive of the first harmonic analysis, the paper derives the approach of determining the resonant parameters of the LCC converter. Then, a 35 kV power supply featuring a series-parallel resonant converter topology to compensate the distributed parameter is built to verify the correctness of the theory.

  5. Digital control of high-frequency switched-mode power converters

    CERN Document Server

    Corradini, Luca; Mattavelli, Paolo; Zane, Regan

    This book is focused on the fundamental aspects of analysis, modeling and design of digital control loops around high-frequency switched-mode power converters in a systematic and rigorous manner Comprehensive treatment of digital control theory for power converters Verilog and VHDL sample codes are provided Enables readers to successfully analyze, model, design, and implement voltage, current, or multi-loop digital feedback loops around switched-mode power converters Practical examples are used throughout the book to illustrate applications of the techniques developed Matlab examples are also

  6. Proceedings of the CAS - CERN Accelerator School: Power Converters, Baden, Switzerland, 7-14 May 2014

    CERN Document Server

    Bailey, R

    2015-01-01

    These proceedings collate lectures given at the twenty-eighth specialized course organised by the CERN Accelerator School (CAS). The course was held at the Hotel du Parc, Baden, Switzerland from 7 - 14 May 2014, in collaboration with the Paul Scherrer Institute. Following introductory lectures on accelerators and the requirements on power converters, the course covered components and topologies of the different types of power converters needed for particle accelerators. Issues of design, control and exploitation in a sometimes-hostile environment were addressed. Site visits to ABB and PSI provided an insight into state-of-the-art power converter production and operation, while topical seminars completed the programme.

  7. Investigations of DC power supplies with optoelectronic transducers and RF energy converters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guzowski, B.; Gozdur, R.; Bernacki, L.; Lakomski, M.

    2016-04-01

    Fiber Distribution Cabinets (FDC) monitoring systems are increasingly popular. However it is difficult to realize such system in passive FDC, due to lack of source of power supply. In this paper investigation of four different DC power supplies with optoelectronic transducers is described. Two converters: photovoltaic power converter and PIN photodiode can convert the light transmitted through the optical fiber to electric energy. Solar cell and antenna RF-PCB are also tested. Results presented in this paper clearly demonstrate that it is possible to build monitoring system in passive FDC. During the tests maximum obtained output power was 11 mW. However all converters provided enough power to excite 32-bit microcontroller with ARM-cores and digital thermometer.

  8. Design and development of bipolar 4-quadrant switch-mode power converter for superconducting magnets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A uniform zero crossing magnetic field in a magnet can be achieved by using bipolar power converter with four quadrant operation. A high current bipolar switch-mode power converter (rated ±27 Vmax, ±7V flat top, ±300A, 100 ppm) has been designed and developed indigenously at VECC Kolkata. Four quadrants operation is accomplished by using power IGBTs in an H-bridge configuration with switching frequency around 20 kHz. The switch-mode power converter is used because of high dynamic response, low output ripple, high efficiency and low input current harmonics. In this paper, circuit topology, function of system components and key system specifications of high current bipolar switch mode power converter is discussed. (author)

  9. A New Very-High-Efficiency R4 Converter for High-Power Fuel Cell Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nymand, Morten; Andersen, Michael Andreas E.

    2009-01-01

    A new very high efficiency 10 kW isolated R4 boost converter for low-voltage high-power fuel cell applications is presented. Using a new concept for partially paralleling of isolated boost converters, only the critical high ac-current parts are paralleled. Four 2.5 kW power stages, consisting of......W prototype converter is presented. Input voltage range is 30-60 V and output voltage is 800 V. Test results, including voltage- and current waveforms and efficiency measurements, are presented. A record high converter efficiency of 98.2 % is achieved. The proposed R4 boost converter thus constitutes a low...... fullbridge switching stages and power transformers, operate in parallel on primary side and in series on secondary side. Current sharing is guaranteed by series connection of transformer secondary windings and three small cascaded current balancing transformers on primary side. The detailed design of a 10 k...

  10. PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER CONTROL USING MPPT AND BOOST CONVERTER

    OpenAIRE

    Amaresh Choudhury*

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we examine a schematic to extract maximum obtainable solar power from a PV module and use the energy for a DC application. This paper investigates in detail the concept of Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) which significantly increases the efficiency of the solar photovoltaic system. photovoltaic (PV) power generation has an important role to play due to the fact that it is a green source. The only emissions associated with PV power generation are those from the p...

  11. Development of a current-type PWM converter with high power factor. 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A power supply system for superconducting poloidal field coils of a next generation tokamak-type fusion device can be operated on the relatively low voltage for the duration of discharge except the plasma initiation. In the case of the conventional phase-controlled thyristor converters are adopted in such a system, the input power factor would be low in average, and a reactive power fluctuation caused by the change of DC output voltage may produce serious effects on the commercial transmission line. From the above viewpoint, a current-type PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) converter, which can work with the power factor of unity for the input power, is regarded as one of the promising candidates of the converters for the power supplies of next generation fusion devices. Hence, a 100kW-class current-type PWM converter has been developed by using IGBT (Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor) as switching devices. In this development, the basic performance has been preliminary investigated whether this converter is applicable to the power supply for the next generation fusion device. In addition, two different PWM control methods were examined whether these methods can realize a unit power factor and suppress the transient oscillation of converter input current at the same time in case that the reference of DC output current is changed rapidly. (author)

  12. Modelling, Simulation and Construction of a DC/DC Boost Power Converter: A School Experimental System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva-Ortigoza, R.; Silva-Ortigoza, G.; Hernandez-Guzman, V. M.; Saldana-Gonzalez, G.; Marcelino-Aranda, M.; Marciano-Melchor, M.

    2012-01-01

    We introduce a dc/dc boost power converter as a didactic prototype intended to support courses on electric circuit analysis experimentally. The corresponding mathematical model is obtained, the converter is designed and an experimental setup is described, constructed and tested. Simplicity of construction as well as low cost of components renders…

  13. High Power Zero-Voltage and Zero-Current Switching DC-DC Converters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaroslav Dudrik

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents principles and properties of the soft switching PWM DC-DC converters. The attention is focused mainly on high power applications and thus the full-bridge inverters are used in DC-DC converters. Considerations are also given to the control methods and principles of the switching and conduction losses reduction.

  14. A dual voltage control strategy for single-phase PWM converters with power decoupling function

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tang, Yi; Qin, Zian; Blaabjerg, Frede; Loh, Poh Chiang

    The inherent double line ripple power in singlephase systems is adverse to the converter performance, e.g. limited lifetime due to the requirement of large electrolytic capacitors and low voltage control bandwidth due to harmonic disturbance. In this paper, an active converter topology based on a...

  15. Modelling, simulation and construction of a dc/dc boost power converter: a school experimental system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We introduce a dc/dc boost power converter as a didactic prototype intended to support courses on electric circuit analysis experimentally. The corresponding mathematical model is obtained, the converter is designed and an experimental setup is described, constructed and tested. Simplicity of construction as well as low cost of components renders the feasible introduction of this equipment in undergraduate laboratories. (paper)

  16. Discrete Displacement Hydraulic Power Take-Off System for the Wavestar Wave Energy Converter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Rico Hjerm; Kramer, Morten; Vidal, Enrique

    2013-01-01

    pressure energy is converted into electricity at a steady pace by hydraulic motors and generators. The storage, thereby, decouples the complicated process of wave power absorption from power generation. The core for enabling this PTO technology is implementing a near loss-free force control of the energy......The Wavestar Wave Energy Converter (WEC) is a multiple absorber concept, consisting of 20 hemisphere shaped floats attached to a single platform. The heart of the Wavestar WEC is the Power Take-Off (PTO) system, converting the wave induced motion of the floats into a steady power output to the grid....... In the present work, a PTO based on a novel discrete displacement fluid power technology is explored for the Wavestar WEC. Absorption of power from the floats is performed by hydraulic cylinders, supplying power to a common fixed pressure system with accumulators for energy smoothing. The stored...

  17. 100kW Energy Transfer Multiplexer Power Converter Prototype Development Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    S. Merrill Skeist; Richard H. (Dick) Baker; Anthony G.P. Marini; DOE Project Officer - Keith Bennett

    2006-03-21

    Project Final Report for "100kW Energy Transfer Multiplexer Power Converter Prototype Development Project" prepared under DOE grant number DE-FG36-03GO13138. This project relates to the further development and prototype construction/evaluation for the Energy Transfer Multiplexer (ETM) power converter topology concept. The ETM uses a series resonant link to transfer energy from any phase of a multiphase input to any phase of a multiphase output, converting any input voltage and frequency to any output voltage and frequency. The basic form of the ETM converter consists of an eight (8)-switch matrix (six phase power switches and two ground power switches) and a series L-C resonant circuit. Electronic control of the switches allows energy to be transferred in the proper amount from any phase to any other phase. Depending upon the final circuit application, the switches may be either SCRs or IGBTs. The inherent characteristics of the ETM converter include the following: Power processing in either direction (bidirectional); Large voltage gain without the need of low frequency magnetics; High efficiency independent of output load and frequency; Wide bandwidth with fast transient response and; Operation as a current source. The ETM is able to synthesize true sinusoidal waveforms with low harmonic distortions. For a low power PM wind generation system, the ETM has the following characteristics and advantages: It provides voltage gain without the need of low frequency magnetics (DC inductors) and; It has constant high efficiency independent of the load. The ETM converter can be implemented into a PM wind power system with smaller size, reduced weight and lower cost. As a result of our analyses, the ETM offers wind power generation technology for the reduction of the cost and size as well as the increase in performance of low power, low wind speed power generation. This project is the further theoretical/analytical exploration of the ETM converter concept in relationship to

  18. Optimization of Modulation Waveforms for Improved EMI Attenuation in Switching Frequency Modulated Power Converters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deniss Stepins

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Electromagnetic interference (EMI is one of the major problems of switching power converters. This paper is devoted to switching frequency modulation used for conducted EMI suppression in switching power converters. Comprehensive theoretical analysis of switching power converter conducted EMI spectrum and EMI attenuation due the use of traditional ramp and multislope ramp modulation waveforms is presented. Expressions to calculate EMI spectrum and attenuation are derived. Optimization procedure of the multislope ramp modulation waveform is proposed to get maximum benefits from switching frequency modulation for EMI reduction. Experimental verification is also performed to prove that the optimized multislope ramp modulation waveform is very useful solution for effective EMI reduction in switching power converters.

  19. Modular Power System Configured with Standard Product Hybrid DC-DC Converters Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — VPT proposes an innovative concept whereby complex NASA space power electronic systems can be configured using a small number of qualified hybrid DC-DC converter...

  20. A control strategy for multi-functional converter to improve grid power quality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Fei; Wang, Xiongfei; Chen, Zhe;

    2011-01-01

    -functional converter which can compensate reactive power, harmonic currents, unbalance, and neutral current simultaneously under distorted voltage conditions, besides the active power exchange. The capacity of the converter is taken into account. The proposed control strategy based on synchronous reference frame (SRF......The extensive use of converter-interfacing distributed energy resources (DER), combined with a large amount of nonlinear and unbalanced loads connected to the distribution power system, has led to power quality problem. This paper proposes a control strategy for a three-phase four-leg multi......) for multi-functional converter is described. Simulation and hardware in the loop real time test results carried on a three-phase four-wire distributed generation system illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed control strategy....

  1. 永磁同步电机对拖试验电压降低问题研究%Research on Problem of Voltage Reduction for PMSM Back-to-back Test

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康尔良; 肖子阳; 赵鹏; 吕德刚

    2015-01-01

    As the terminal voltage of permanent magnet synchronous motor(PMSM)running as the generator decreases with the load current increasing during the large permanent magnet synchronous motor back-to-back connected dragging for the load test,it will not be able to be loaded when the terminal voltage is lower than the grid-side voltage under the load feedback.In this paper,proposed an approach to make sure the capacitor and the output of permanent magnet synchronous generator were in paralleled,so the voltage reduction of the generator resulted from the lag of reactive current in the motor perceptual loop can be compensated.It can satisfy the need of loading and the lifetime of generator insulation material would not be influenced by the overtopped terminal voltage of generator in the case of large capacitance after the direct axis current demagnetization Id was calculated based on stator winding current of the generator and the capacitance reactive compensation was figured up,then simulation model of PMSM dragging test with capacitance com-pensation can be built.The simulation results show that the calculation of capacitance compensation is cor-rect,so the terminal voltage of generator can be improved effectively,and the PMSM can be loaded steadily. The method in this paper has an advantage of low cost compared with other methods of loading,and can be used in the performance test of PMSM in practice.%大型永磁同步电动机(PMSM)对拖做负载试验时,由于作为发电机运行的PMSM端电压随负载电流增加而降低,端电压低于负载回馈的电网侧电压导致无法继续加载的问题,本文提出永磁同步发电机输出端并联电容器的方法,以补偿因电机感性回路中滞后的无功电流导致的发电机端电压下降。根据发电机定子绕组电流计算直轴去磁电流Id ,定量计算无功补偿的电容值,既可以满足PMSM加载的需求,也可以避免投入电容量过大导致发电机端电压

  2. A DC-DC Converter Efficiency Model for System Level Analysis in Ultra Low Power Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benton H. Calhoun

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a model of inductor based DC-DC converters that can be used to study the impact of power management techniques such as dynamic voltage and frequency scaling (DVFS. System level power models of low power systems on chip (SoCs and power management strategies cannot be correctly established without accounting for the associated overhead related to the DC-DC converters that provide regulated power to the system. The proposed model accurately predicts the efficiency of inductor based DC-DC converters with varying topologies and control schemes across a range of output voltage and current loads. It also accounts for the energy and timing overhead associated with the change in the operating condition of the regulator. Since modern SoCs employ power management techniques that vary the voltage and current loads seen by the converter, accurate modeling of the impact on the converter efficiency becomes critical. We use this model to compute the overall cost of two power distribution strategies for a SoC with multiple voltage islands. The proposed model helps us to obtain the energy benefits of a power management technique and can also be used as a basis for comparison between power management techniques or as a tool for design space exploration early in a SoC design cycle.

  3. A Comparison Between Two Average Modelling Techniques of AC-AC Power Converters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pawel Szczesniak

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, a comparative evaluation of two modelling tools for switching AC-AC power converters is presented. Both of them are based on average modelling techniques. The first approach is based on the circuit averaging technique and consists in the topological manipulations, applied to a converters states. The second approach makes use of state-space averaged model of the converter and is based on analytical manipulations using the different state representations of a converter. The two modelling techniques are applied to a same AC-AC converter called matrix-reactance frequency converter based on buck-boost topology. These techniques are compared on the basis of their rapidity, quantity of calculations and transformations and its limitations.

  4. Effect of a nonlinear power take off on a wave energy converter

    OpenAIRE

    Bailey, Helen Louise

    2011-01-01

    This thesis is titled The influence of a nonlinear Power Take Off on a Wave Energy Converter. It looks at the effect that having a nonlinear Power Take Off (PTO) has on an inertial referenced, slack moored, point absorber, Wave Energy Converter (WEC). The generic device studied utilizes relative heave motion between an axi-symmetric cylinder and an internal mass, for the PTO to operate between. The PTO is the part of the WEC that transforms the relative motion into electricity....

  5. A new class of hybrid AC/AC direct power converters

    OpenAIRE

    Klumpner, Christian; Wijekoon, Thiwanka; Wheeler, Patrick

    2005-01-01

    Variable voltage and variable frequency conversion of electrical energy from an AC source to an AC load is done in traditional power converters via a DC-link where an energy storage element (electrolytic capacitors) is situated. Despite its well-known benefits, it has the disadvantage of being bulky and to limit the converter lifetime. On the other hand, Direct Power Conversion (DPC) is an attractive concept, which doesn’t need an energy storage buffer, but has two main disadvantages: reduced...

  6. The Feasibility Study on Thermal Loading Control of Wind Power Converters with a Flexible Switching Frequency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Qin, Zian; Wang, Huai; Blaabjerg, Frede;

    2015-01-01

    Thermal loading of wind power converters is critical to their reliability performance. Especially for IGBT modules applied in a converter, both of the mean value and variation of the junction temperature have significant impact on the lifetime. Besides other strategies to reduce the thermal loadi...... reduce the temperature fluctuations due to wind speed variations. The trade-off between the reduced amplitude of temperature fluctuations and the additional power losses that may be introduced is quantitatively studied....

  7. A method to analysis and design for long life power converter

    OpenAIRE

    Pang, HM; Pong, BMH

    2010-01-01

    Engineers are always looking for more reliable or longer life power converters. Electrolytic capacitor is the critical component to be considered. Using the powerful calculation tools like Mathcad and Matlab and allowable life model, this paper aims at proposing a method to optimize the circuit design to lower the current ripple through the electrolytic capacitor in order to reach for longer capacitor life. Comparison between two modes of operation and the two converter topologies, Forward an...

  8. Short term braking capability during power interruptions for integrated matrix converter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klumpner, Christian; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2004-01-01

    attractive. Sinusoidal input currents and bi-directional power flow are other advantages of the matrix converter, but it is less immune to power grid disturbances compared to a standard ASD. In hoisting applications, short-term braking capability during a power outage is needed until the mechanical brake...

  9. An overview of power electronic converter technology for renewable energy systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chen, Zhe

    2013-01-01

    This chapter presents power electronic technology which is an enabling tool for modern wind and marine energy conversion systems. In this chapter, the main power electronic devices are described. Various power electronic converter topologies are represented, and commonly used modulation schemes and...

  10. Generation of Random Wind Speed Profiles for Evaluation of Stress in WT Power Converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pigazo, Alberto; Qin, Zian; Liserre, Marco;

    2013-01-01

    Wind turbines are subjected to wind speed variations that cause a power profile that will stress the overall system. This stress is tranfered to the power converter, resulting in temperature variations of the power devices and, hence, causing the reduction of the lifetime. The lifetime expectatio...

  11. The electrical, thermal and spatial integration of a converter in a power electronic module

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gerber, M.B.

    2005-01-01

    This thesis is concerned with the design and implementation of a power electronic system (14/42V DC/DC converter) that is implemented in the automotive environment, specifically the engine compartment. The power electronic system must have a high power density while operating in a high temperature e

  12. A Reliability-Oriented Design Method for Power Electronic Converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Huai; Zhou, Dao; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2013-01-01

    Reliability is a crucial performance indicator of power electronic systems in terms of availability, mission accomplishment and life cycle cost. A paradigm shift in the research on reliability of power electronics is going on from simple handbook based calculations (e.g. models in MIL-HDBK-217F...

  13. Proportional derivative based stabilizing control of paralleled grid converters with cables in renewable power plants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Xiongfei; Blaabjerg, Frede; Loh, Poh Chiang

    consisting in LCL filters and cables. Both grid and converter current controls are analyzed. The frequency region, within which the system may be destabilized, is identified by means of the impedance-based stability analysis and frequency-domain passivity theory. A proportional derivative control strategy is......Resonant interactions of grid-connected converters with each other and with cable capacitance are challenging the stability and power quality of renewable energy sources based power plants. This paper addresses the instability of current control of converters with the multiple resonance frequencies...... then proposed to stabilize the system. Simulation case studies on four paralleled grid converters and experimental tests for two paralleled grid converters are carried out to validate the performance of the proposed control....

  14. Comprehensive review of high power factor ac-dc boost converters for PFC applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Castro Pereira, Dênis; Da Silva, Márcio Renato; Mateus Silva, Elder; Lessa Tofoli, Fernando

    2015-08-01

    High power factor rectifiers have been consolidated as an effective solution to improve power quality indices in terms of input power factor correction, reduction in the total harmonic distortion of the input current and also regulated dc voltages. Within this context, this subject has motivated the introduction of numerous converter topologies based on classic dc-dc structures associated with novel control techniques, thus leading to the manufacturing of dedicated integrated circuits that allow high input power factor by adding a front-end stage to switch-mode converters. In particular, boost converters in continuous current mode (CCM) are widely employed since they allow obtaining minimised electromagnetic interference levels. This work is concerned with a literature review involving relevant ac-dc single-phase boost-based topologies with high input power factor. The evolution of aspects regarding the conventional boost converter is shown in terms of improved characteristics inherent to other ac-dc boost converters. Additionally, the work intends to be a fast and concise reference to single-phase ac-dc boost converters operating in CCM for engineers, researchers and experts in the field of power electronics by properly analysing and comparing the aforementioned rectifiers.

  15. Advanced buck converter power supply ABCPS for APT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Street, R.; Overett, T.; Bowles, E. [General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)

    1998-12-31

    The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is planning to fabricate an Accelerator for the Production of Tritium (APT) at their Savannah River Site, to provide Tritium for national defense. The 1700 million electron volt (MeV) proton beam accelerator will be powered by radio frequency (RF) klystrons. A direct current (DC) power supply is required for each of the approximately two hundred and fifty 1-megawatt (MW) continuous wave klystrons in the RF power system. The requirements are that the power supply meet output performance specifications, provide fault protection for the klystron, have high efficiency, high reliability, good maintainability, and be readily manufacturable. As the power supplies are one of the largest cost elements in the accelerator, a technology review was made to determine the most economical approach to satisfy the requirements. A switch-mode power supply employing a buck-regulator was identified as being potentially the lowest cost approach. As the switch represents a certain development risk, a small-scale prototype has been constructed for evaluation, and has resulted in the decision to fabricate a full-scale prototype power supply. A description of the hardware will be presented.

  16. Study of a multiphase interleaved step-up converter for fuel cell high power applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a study of a high power dc distributed system supplied by a fuel cell generator. A proposed parallel power converter with interleaving algorithm is chosen to boost a low dc voltage of fuel cell to a dc bus utility level. The present interleaved step-up converters are composed of two and four identical boost converters connected in parallel. Converters are controlled by interleaved switching signals, which have the same switching frequency and the same phase shift. By virtue of paralleling the converters, the input current can be shared among the cells or phases, so that high reliability and efficiency in power electronic systems can be obtained. In addition, it is possible to improve the system characteristics such as maintenance, repair, fault tolerance, and low heat dissipation. During the past decade, power electronics research has focused on the development of interleaved parallel converters. For an interleaving technique with a real fuel cell source, this work is the first presentation; it is not just a fuel cell simulation. So, the design and experimental verification of 1.2-kW prototype converters at a switching frequency of 25 kHz connected with a NexaTM PEM fuel cell system (1.2-kW, 46-A) in a laboratory is presented. Experimental results corroborate the excellent system performances. The fuel cell ripple current can be virtually reduced to zero. As a result, the fuel cell mean current is nearly equal to the fuel cell rms current.

  17. Study of a multiphase interleaved step-up converter for fuel cell high power applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thounthong, Phatiphat [Department of Teacher Training in Electrical Engineering, King Mongkut' s University of Technology North Bangkok, 1518 Piboolsongkram Rd., Bangsue, Bangkok 10800 (Thailand); Davat, Bernard [Nancy Research Group in Electrical Engineering, CNRS (UMR 7037), Nancy Universite, INPL-ENSEM 2, Avenue de la Foret de Haye, Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy, Lorraine 54516 (France)

    2010-04-15

    This paper presents a study of a high power dc distributed system supplied by a fuel cell generator. A proposed parallel power converter with interleaving algorithm is chosen to boost a low dc voltage of fuel cell to a dc bus utility level. The present interleaved step-up converters are composed of two and four identical boost converters connected in parallel. Converters are controlled by interleaved switching signals, which have the same switching frequency and the same phase shift. By virtue of paralleling the converters, the input current can be shared among the cells or phases, so that high reliability and efficiency in power electronic systems can be obtained. In addition, it is possible to improve the system characteristics such as maintenance, repair, fault tolerance, and low heat dissipation. During the past decade, power electronics research has focused on the development of interleaved parallel converters. For an interleaving technique with a real fuel cell source, this work is the first presentation; it is not just a fuel cell simulation. So, the design and experimental verification of 1.2-kW prototype converters at a switching frequency of 25 kHz connected with a Nexa trademark PEM fuel cell system (1.2-kW, 46-A) in a laboratory is presented. Experimental results corroborate the excellent system performances. The fuel cell ripple current can be virtually reduced to zero. As a result, the fuel cell mean current is nearly equal to the fuel cell rms current. (author)

  18. Power electronic converter systems for direct drive renewable energy applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chen, Zhe

    2013-01-01

    This chapter presents power electronic conversion systems for wind and marine energy generation applications, in particular, direct drive generator energy conversion systems. Various topologies are presented and system design optimization and reliability are briefly discussed....

  19. Module-Integrated Power Converters Based on Universal Dock

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chapman, Patrick; Rodriguez, Fernando

    2015-03-13

    Solar power installations using alternating current photovoltaic (ACPV) modules have significant cost and performance advantages over systems using conventional solar modules and string inverters. ACPV modules have improved energy harvest due to module-level power point tracking and redundancy. More importantly, ACPV modules are easier and cheaper to install, lowering the total installed cost, indirect costs, and barriers to market entry. Furthermore, ACPV modules have communications and data logging capability, yielding module-level telemetry data that is useful in site diagnostics and other data applications. The products of these efforts were threefold. First, an advanced microinverter power topology was developed, modeled, simulated, and tested. Second, new microinverter enclosure concepts were developed and tested. Third, a new ACPV module prototype was constructed, combining the power topology and the enclosure concepts. SolarBridge filed for patents in each of these areas and is transitioning the project from a concept phase to full development.

  20. The Quiet Rotary Power and Information Transformer Converter Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Many satellites, spacecraft, and radar antennas with spun and de-spun configurations require the transfer of power across rotating interfaces in lieu of slip rings...

  1. Power Converters and Control of Renewable Energy Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blaabjerg, Frede; Teodorescu, Remus; Chen, Zhe;

    2004-01-01

    The global electrical energy consumption is steadily rising and therefore a continuous demand to increase the power generation capacity. A significant percentage of the required capacity increase can be based on renewable energy sources. Wind turbine technology, as the most cost effective renewable...... energy conversion system, will play an important part in our future energy supply. But other sources like microturbines, photovoltaics and fuel cell systems may also be serious contributor to the power supply. Characteristically, power electronics will be an efficient and important interface to the grid...... for the renewables and this paper will first briefly discuss three different alternative/renewable energy sources. Next, various configurations of small and medium power conversion topologies are presented including their control (mainly for PV-systems). Finally wind turbine configuration and their...

  2. Independent Control of Active and Reactive Powers of a DFIG Based Wind Energy Conversion System by Vector Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibrahim Ahmad A

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with a design and implementation of a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG wind energy conversion system (WECS connected to the power grid. A back-to-back AC/DC/AC converter is incorporated between the stator and the rotor windings of a DFIG, in order to obtain variable speed operation. The DFIG can be controlled from sub-synchronous speed to super synchronous speed operation. The main objective of the paper is to control the flow of the Active and Reactive powers produced by the DFIG based wind energy conversion system. A vector control strategy with stator flux orientation is applied to both the grid side converter and the rotor side converter for the independent control of Active and reactive powers produced by the DFIG based wind energy conversion system. The system along with its control circuit were simulated in a Matlab/simulink and the results are presented and discussed.

  3. Converting Maturing Nuclear Sites to Integrated Power Production Islands

    OpenAIRE

    Charles W. Solbrig

    2011-01-01

    Nuclear islands, which are integrated power production sites, could effectively sequester and safeguard the US stockpile of plutonium. A nuclear island, an evolution of the integral fast reactor, utilizes all the Transuranics (Pu plus minor actinides) produced in power production, and it eliminates all spent fuel shipments to and from the site. This latter attribute requires that fuel reprocessing occur on each site and that fast reactors be built on-site to utilize the TRU. All commercial sp...

  4. A Reliability-Oriented Design Method for Power Electronic Converters

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Huai; Zhou, Dao; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2013-01-01

    Reliability is a crucial performance indicator of power electronic systems in terms of availability, mission accomplishment and life cycle cost. A paradigm shift in the research on reliability of power electronics is going on from simple handbook based calculations (e.g. models in MIL-HDBK-217F handbook) to the physics-of-failure approach and design for reliability process. A systematic design procedure consisting of various design tools is presented in this paper to design reliability into t...

  5. Examples of digital simulation of AC-DC power converter with the Electromagnetic Transients Program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article gives a practical guidance for analysis of power converter circuits using the Electromagnetic Transients Program (EMTP). First how to use the program is shown with two simple examples; (1) a power supply with three-phase diode bridge and (2) a feedback system for current control. Then its application to more complicated system is shown with an example of a power supply for Compact Helical System (CHS), where a hybrid power supply with multi-phase diode and thyristor bridges, and two three-phase thyristor converters are driven by an AC generator. (author)

  6. Performance of the preferred self-supporting radioisotope power system with STC 55-W Stirling converters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Orbital has designed various self-supporting radioisotope power system options utilizing STC 55-W Stirling converters for possible application to NASA's Europa Orbiter mission. The preferred generator design with mechanical coupling though the heat source housing was analyzed. The various parameters studied include radiator facesheet thickness, radiator size, separation distance between spacecraft and radiators, Sun angle, and mission phase with different solar constants and radioisotope thermal power. Analytical results show that the Europa EOM power goal of 210 We can be met comfortably with the preferred power system of 2 generators, each with 2 GPHS modules and 2 STC 55-W Stirling converters

  7. A Simple Load Power Estimator For Quasi-Direct AC-AC Converter System

    OpenAIRE

    Marian GAICEANU; Emil ROSU

    2003-01-01

    In this paper a simple load power estimator for the three-phase quasi-direct acac converter system is reported. Since the ac-ac converter control by means of pulsewidth modulation (PWM) is based on the power balance concept, its load power should be known. Two control boards, based on the dSMC (digital Smart Motion Controller) 30 MIPS 32-bit fixed-point digital signal processor (DSP), were involved in the ac-ac system driving. By using the power balance control, the DC link voltage variation ...

  8. Evaluation and Design Tools for the Reliability of Wind Power Converter System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ma, Ke; Zhou, Dao; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2015-01-01

    mission profiles in wind turbines. Potential methodologies, challenges, and technology trends involved in this tool structure are also discussed. Finally, a simplified version of the tool is demonstrated on a wind power converter based on Double Fed Induction Generator system. With the proposed tool...... structure, more detailed information of reliability performances in a wind power converter can be obtained before the converter can actually fail in the field and many potential research topics can also be initiated....... grid. As a result, the correct assessment of reliable performance for power electronics is a crucial and emerging need; the assessment is essential for design improvement, as well as for the extension of converter lifetime and reduction of energy cost. Unfortunately, there still exists a lack of...

  9. Thermoemission reactor-converters for nuclear power units in outer space

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In a thermoemission reactor-converter, the direct conversion of thermal into electrical energy is based on the thermoelectric emission of electrons in electricity-generating channels. The paper describes the following: the electricity-generating channel, characteristics of the electricity-generating channels and the reactor-converter, a thermal neutron reactor-converter, a fast neutron reactor-converter, and estimating the mass-limit characteristics of the thermoemission units. Thermoemission nuclear power units with built-in generators in the nuclear reactor core can be regarded as a promising source of electric power for supplying the needs of space equipment for various purposes with a wide range of electric power demands over a long service life and with acceptable mass-limit characteristics

  10. Neural predictive control for a three-phase power converter SVPWM with current regulator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sutiksno, H.; Ashari, M.; Purnomo, M.H. [Inst. Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Sukolilo Surabaya (Indonesia)

    2008-07-01

    This paper proposed the use of neural predictive control for a 3-phase power converter with current regulator. With this method, a neural network model was used by the controller to predict the future DC voltage of converter response, so that the line currents can be controlled. An optimization algorithm computed the control signal to optimize future plant performance. The neural network plant model was a time delayed neural network (TDNN) and trained offline. With the use of a current regulator in the 3-phase power converter space vector SVPWM, it was possible to control the line currents with a DC value. Therefore, the neural model of the plant can be built simply using time-delayed neural network (TDNN). The Matlab Simulink results indicated that the Neural Predictive Control for 3-phase power converter SVPWM provided good dynamics of controlled voltage, line currents in phase with line voltage, and low harmonic distortion. 10 refs., 13 figs.

  11. A Photovoltaic Power System Using a High Step-up Converter for DC Load Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hung-Yuan Wang

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a power system using a high step-up converter for dc load applications. The high step-up converter adopts a boost converter with interleaved mode and a coupled inductor to raise its powering ability and increase its step-up voltage ratio, respectively. In order to increase conversion efficiency, an active clamp circuit is introduced into the proposed one to provide soft-switching features to reduce switching losses. Moreover, switches in the converter and active clamp circuit are integrated with a synchronous switching technique to reduce circuit complexity and component counts, resulting in a lower cost and smaller volume. A perturb and observe method is adopted to extract the maximum power from photovoltaic (PV arrays. Furthermore, a microchip associated with PWM IC is used to implement maximum power point tracking operation, voltage regulation and power management. Finally, a prototype PV power system with 400 V/6 A has been implemented for verifying the feasibility of the proposed PV power system. It is shown to be suitable for PV energy conversion applications when the duty ratios of switches in the dc/dc converter are less than 0.5.

  12. Investigation of a metallic photonic crystal high power microwave mode converter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Dong, E-mail: mr20001@sina.com; Qin, Fen; Xu, Sha; Yu, Aimin; Wu, Yong [Laboratory of High Power Microwave Technology, Institute of applied electronics, China academy of engineering physics, Mianyang, 621900 (China)

    2015-02-15

    It is demonstrated that an L band metallic photonic crystal TEM-TE{sub 11} mode converter is suitable for narrow band high power microwave application. The proposed mode converter is realized by partially filling metallic photonic crystals along azimuthal direction in a coaxial transmission line for phase-shifting. A three rows structure is designed and simulated by commercial software CST Microwave Studio. Simulation results show that its conversion efficiency is 99% at the center frequency 1.58 GHz. Over the frequency range of 1.56-1.625 GHz, the conversion efficiency exceeds 90 %, with a corresponding bandwidth of 4.1 %. This mode converter has a gigawatt level power handling capability which is suitable for narrow band high power microwave application. Using magnetically insulated transmission line oscillator(MILO) as a high power microwave source, particle-in-cell simulation is carried out to test the performance of the mode converter. The expected TE{sub 11} mode microwave output is obtained and the MILO works well. Mode conversion performance of the converter is tested by far-field measurement method. And the experimental result confirms the validity of our design. Then, high power microwave experiment is carried out on a Marx-driven Blumlein water line pulsed power accelerator. Microwave frequency, radiated pattern and power are measured in the far-field region and the results agree well with simulation results. The experiment also reveals that no microwave breakdown or pulse shortening took place in the experimental setup.

  13. Investigation of a metallic photonic crystal high power microwave mode converter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is demonstrated that an L band metallic photonic crystal TEM-TE11 mode converter is suitable for narrow band high power microwave application. The proposed mode converter is realized by partially filling metallic photonic crystals along azimuthal direction in a coaxial transmission line for phase-shifting. A three rows structure is designed and simulated by commercial software CST Microwave Studio. Simulation results show that its conversion efficiency is 99% at the center frequency 1.58 GHz. Over the frequency range of 1.56-1.625 GHz, the conversion efficiency exceeds 90 %, with a corresponding bandwidth of 4.1 %. This mode converter has a gigawatt level power handling capability which is suitable for narrow band high power microwave application. Using magnetically insulated transmission line oscillator(MILO) as a high power microwave source, particle-in-cell simulation is carried out to test the performance of the mode converter. The expected TE11 mode microwave output is obtained and the MILO works well. Mode conversion performance of the converter is tested by far-field measurement method. And the experimental result confirms the validity of our design. Then, high power microwave experiment is carried out on a Marx-driven Blumlein water line pulsed power accelerator. Microwave frequency, radiated pattern and power are measured in the far-field region and the results agree well with simulation results. The experiment also reveals that no microwave breakdown or pulse shortening took place in the experimental setup

  14. Investigation of a metallic photonic crystal high power microwave mode converter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dong Wang

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available It is demonstrated that an L band metallic photonic crystal TEM-TE11 mode converter is suitable for narrow band high power microwave application. The proposed mode converter is realized by partially filling metallic photonic crystals along azimuthal direction in a coaxial transmission line for phase-shifting. A three rows structure is designed and simulated by commercial software CST Microwave Studio. Simulation results show that its conversion efficiency is 99% at the center frequency 1.58 GHz. Over the frequency range of 1.56-1.625 GHz, the conversion efficiency exceeds 90 %, with a corresponding bandwidth of 4.1 %. This mode converter has a gigawatt level power handling capability which is suitable for narrow band high power microwave application. Using magnetically insulated transmission line oscillator(MILO as a high power microwave source, particle-in-cell simulation is carried out to test the performance of the mode converter. The expected TE11 mode microwave output is obtained and the MILO works well. Mode conversion performance of the converter is tested by far-field measurement method. And the experimental result confirms the validity of our design. Then, high power microwave experiment is carried out on a Marx-driven Blumlein water line pulsed power accelerator. Microwave frequency, radiated pattern and power are measured in the far-field region and the results agree well with simulation results. The experiment also reveals that no microwave breakdown or pulse shortening took place in the experimental setup.

  15. Estimation and reduction of harmonic currents from power converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Asiminoaei, Lucian

    power supplies. Although their design takes into account a certain level of harmonic voltage distortion, there are many real-life cases when the equipments experience abnormal operation, malfunction or failure. One such case appeared at a local company in Denmark, a Heat Power Station where due...... Station case is beyond the standard immunity limits (in this case of 8 % Total Harmonic Voltage Distortion), which is the cause of the occurring fault-trip. It is concluded that the table-based approach used for the Harmonic Calculation Software gives relatively accurate harmonic results, in the range....... Although the purpose of APF study was not finding a solution directly applicable for the Heat Power Station, there was an influence in the way the research line is further approached. As the cost of the APF is still relatively high, its utilization becomes more efficient for mediumor high...

  16. Nonlinear control of voltage source converters in AC-DC power system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dash, P K; Nayak, N

    2014-07-01

    This paper presents the design of a robust nonlinear controller for a parallel AC-DC power system using a Lyapunov function-based sliding mode control (LYPSMC) strategy. The inputs for the proposed control scheme are the DC voltage and reactive power errors at the converter station and the active and reactive power errors at the inverter station of the voltage-source converter-based high voltage direct current transmission (VSC-HVDC) link. The stability and robust tracking of the system parameters are ensured by applying the Lyapunov direct method. Also the gains of the sliding mode control (SMC) are made adaptive using the stability conditions of the Lyapunov function. The proposed control strategy offers invariant stability to a class of systems having modeling uncertainties due to parameter changes and exogenous inputs. Comprehensive computer simulations are carried out to verify the proposed control scheme under several system disturbances like changes in short-circuit ratio, converter parametric changes, and faults on the converter and inverter buses for single generating system connected to the power grid in a single machine infinite-bus AC-DC network and also for a 3-machine two-area power system. Furthermore, a second order super twisting sliding mode control scheme has been presented in this paper that provides a higher degree of nonlinearity than the LYPSMC and damps faster the converter and inverter voltage and power oscillations. PMID:24906895

  17. An overview of power electronics applications in fuel cell systems: DC and AC converters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, M S; Kamarudin, S K; Masdar, M S; Mohamed, A

    2014-01-01

    Power electronics and fuel cell technologies play an important role in the field of renewable energy. The demand for fuel cells will increase as fuel cells become the main power source for portable applications. In this application, a high-efficiency converter is an essential requirement and a key parameter of the overall system. This is because the size, cost, efficiency, and reliability of the overall system for portable applications primarily depend on the converter. Therefore, the selection of an appropriate converter topology is an important and fundamental aspect of designing a fuel cell system for portable applications as the converter alone plays a major role in determining the overall performance of the system. This paper presents a review of power electronics applications in fuel cell systems, which include various topology combinations of DC converters and AC inverters and which are primarily used in fuel cell systems for portable or stand-alone applications. This paper also reviews the switching techniques used in power conditioning for fuel cell systems. Finally, this paper addresses the current problem encountered with DC converters and AC inverter. PMID:25478581

  18. Realization of SVM Algorithm for Indirect Matrix Converter and Its Application in Power Factor Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gang Li

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Compared with AC-DC-AC converter, matrix converter (MC has several advantages for its bidirectional power flow, controllable power factor, and the absence of large energy storage in dc-link. The topology of MC includes direct matrix converter (DMC and indirect matrix converter (IMC. IMC has received great attention worldwide because of its easy implementation and safe commutation. Space vector PWM (SVM algorithm for indirect matrix converter is realized on DSP and CPLD platform in this paper. The control of the rectifier and inverter in IMC can be decoupled because of the intermediate dc-link. The space vector modulation scheme for IMC is discussed and the PWM sequences for the rectifier and inverter are generated. And a two-step commutation of zero current switching (ZCS in the rectifier is achieved. Input power factor of IMC can be changed by adjusting the angle of the reference current vector. Experimental tests have been conducted on a RB-IGBT based indirect matrix converter prototype. The results verify the performance of the SVM algorithm and the ability of power factor correction.

  19. The Impact of Power Switching Devices on the Thermal Performance of a 10 MW Wind Power NPC Converter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ma, Ke; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2012-01-01

    of significant deviation in the packaging structure, electrical characteristics, as well as thermal impedance, these available power switching devices may have various thermal cycling behaviors, which will lead to converter solutions with very different cost, size and reliability performance. As a result......, this paper aimed to investigate the thermal related characteristics of some important power switching devices. Their impact on the thermal cycling of a 10 MW three-level Neutral-Point-Clamped wind power converter is then evaluated under various operating conditions; the main focus will be on the grid...... connected inverter. It is concluded that the thermal performances of the 3L-NPC wind power converter can be significantly changed by the power device technology as well as their parallel configurations....

  20. Network power flux control of a wind generator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aouzellag, D.; Ghedamsi, K. [Department of Electrical Engineering, A. Mira University, 06000 Bejaia (Algeria); Berkouk, E.M. [Control Process Laboratory, E.N.P, Algiers (Algeria)

    2009-03-15

    In this paper, a network power flux control of a variable speed wind generator is investigated. The wind generator system consists of a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) connected to the network associated to a flywheel energy storage system (FESS). The dynamic behaviour of a wind generator, including the models of the wind turbine, the doubly fed induction generator, the back-to-back AC/AC converter, the converter control and the power control of this system, is studied. Is also investigated a control method of the FESS system which consists of the classical squirrel-cage induction machine (IM) supplied off the variable speed wind generator (VSWG). In order to verify the validity of the proposed method, a dynamic model of the proposed system has been simulated, for different operating points, to demonstrate the performance of the system. (author)

  1. Overview of power converter designs feasible for high voltage transformer-less wind turbine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sztykiel, Michal

    2011-01-01

    Many leading wind turbine manufacturers are pushing forward in variable-speed wind turbines, often exceeding 5 MW. Therefore, novel designs and concepts for optimal high power wind turbines appeared. One of the most promising concepts is the high voltage (10-35 kV) transformer-less topology. High...... topology along with an overview of most promising candidates for optimal full-scale power converter design. Study is carried with proposed and justified high voltage wind turbine application along with selection of existing and most promising multilevel power converter topologies, which could be...

  2. Simple Power Control for Sensorless Induction Motor Drives Fed by a Matrix Converter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blaabjerg, Frede; Lee, Kyo Beum

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents a new and simple method for sensorless control of matrix converter drives using a power flowing to the motor. The proposed control algorithm is based on controlling the instantaneous real and imaginary powers into the induction motor. To improve low-speed sensorless performance......, the nonlinearities of a matrix converter drive such as commutation delays, turn-ON and turn-OFF times of switching devices, and on-state switching device voltage drop are modeled using a PQ power transformation and compensated using a reference power control scheme. The proposed sensorless control...... method is applied for the induction motor drive using a 3 kW matrix converter system. Experimental results are shown to illustrate the feasibility of the proposed strategy....

  3. Observer design for DC/DC power converters with bilinear averaged model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spinu, V.; Dam, M.C.A.; Lazar, M.

    2012-01-01

    Increased demand for high bandwidth and high efficiency made full state-feedback control solutions very attractive to power-electronics community. However, full state measurement is economically prohibitive for a large range of applications. Moreover, state measurements in switching power converters

  4. Multiresonant Frequency-Locked Loop for Grid Synchronization of Power Converters Under Distorted Grid Conditions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rodriguez, Pedro; Luna, Alvaro; Candela, Ignacio;

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a new multiresonant frequency-adaptive synchronization method for grid-connected power converters that allows estimating not only the positive- and negative-sequence components of the power signal at the fundamental frequency but also other sequence components at other harmonic...

  5. Control development for an 18 MW pulsed power converter using a real-time simulation platform

    CERN Document Server

    Genton, Charles-Mathieu; Boattini, Fulvio

    2015-01-01

    In the frame of the LHC Injectors Upgrade (LIU) project, a new main power supply (MPS) for the PSBooster accelerator is required. The largest element of the new MPS is the 18 MW main power converter (MPC). The paper presents the design of the MPC control software, using Rapid Control Prototyping.

  6. Device loading of modular multilevel converter MMC in wind power application

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Popova, L.; Pyrhönen, J.; Ma, Ke;

    2014-01-01

    Modular multilevel converter (MMC) is a recently emerged multilevel topology for high-voltage high-power applications. However, in wind power application the performance of the MMC has not been deeply investigated. In this paper the application of MMC in wind energy systems is studied. The conver...

  7. A dual voltage control strategy for single-phase PWM converters with power decoupling function

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tang, Yi; Qin, Zian; Blaabjerg, Frede; Loh, Poh Chiang

    2015-01-01

    The inherent double line ripple power in single-phase systems is adverse to the performance of power electronics converters, e.g. limited lifetime due to the requirement of large electrolytic capacitors and low voltage control bandwidth due to harmonic disturbance. In this paper, an active conver...

  8. 1 GHz GaAs Buck Converter for High Power Amplifier Modulation Applications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Busking, E.B.; Hek, A.P. de; Vliet, F.E. van

    2012-01-01

    A fully integrated 1 GHz buck converter output stage, including on-chip inductor and DC output filtering has been realized, in a standard high-voltage breakdown GaAs MMIC technology. This is a significant step forward in designing highspeed power control of supply-modulated HPAs (high power amplifie

  9. First Power Production Figures from the Wave Star Roshage Wave Energy Converter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marquis, L.; Kramer, Morten; Frigaard, Peter

    2010-01-01

    . The first power production figures show that the power absorption is taking place in accordance with the expectations and targets. No unexpected performance has been noticed. The Roshage WEC is an ideal test converter for the further development of the Wave Star concept, and several activities are...

  10. Loss Performance Analysis of an Isolated Power Supply for Ultrafast Tracking Converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nguyen-Duy, Khiem; Knott, Arnold; Andersen, Michael A. E.

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the loss performance analysis of an isolated power supply that is designed for ultra-fast tracking converters. The results of the analysis provide insights into the operation of the proposed power supply, how each physical component contributes to the total loss, and how its...

  11. Loss Performance Analysis of an Isolated Power Supply for Ultrafast Tracking Converters

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen-Duy, Khiem; Knott, Arnold; Andersen, Michael A. E.

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the loss performance analysis of an isolated power supply that is designed for ultra-fast tracking converters. The results of the analysis provide insights into the operation of the proposed power supply, how each physical component contributes to the total loss, and how its efficiency may be further improved

  12. Grid Synchronization of Power Converters using Multiple Second Order Generalized Integrators

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blaabjerg, Frede; Teodorescu, Remus; Candela, Ignacio;

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents a new frequency-adaptive synchronization method for grid-connected power converters which allows estimating not only the positive- and negative- sequence components of the power signal at the fundamental frequency, but also other sequence components at higher frequencies. The ...

  13. Isolated single-stage high power factor AC/DC converter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王卫; 贲洪奇; 高国安

    2001-01-01

    The problem of harmonic pollution has brought wide attention with the increase of power customers. The adoption of the technology of active power factor correction (APFC) with advanced high frequency power converter is a more efficient solution to the problem of harmonic pollution. A single-stage isolated high power factor AC/DC converter, which features wide range DC output, high power factor, lower harmonic pollution in input current, and phase-shift PWM full-bridge circuit can achieve soft switching. The principle of the circuit topology and the reasons of voltage surges across the power switch are analyzed. Experiment results illustrate that this circuit has the advantages of high power factor and lower harmonic distortion.

  14. A hybrid multi-level switching converter for ring-magnet power supplies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Resonant networks in conjunction with dc-bias power supplies or phase-controlled rectifiers form the power supply systems for accelerator magnets. Although these power supplies, termed Ring-Magnet Power Supplies (RMPS), satisfy the steady-state performance criteria, they suffer from certain drawbacks. Conventionally, Ring-Magnet Power Supplies (RMPS) are designed using phase-controlled rectifiers or resonant networks with dc-bias power supplies. These power supply configurations satisfy the steady-state performance criteria for using large reactive components in addition to the magnet load. They have limited dynamic response, and often rely on corrector-magnet power supplies or other auxiliary power supply networks for the fast dynamic compensation required for output regulation and reference tracking. This paper proposes a Hybrid Multilevel Switching Converter as a RMPS which has fast dynamic response and meets the stringent output ripple content specifications. The proposed ring-magnet power supply also has the advantage of current waveshape programmability. The operating features of the hybrid multilevel switching converter has been described. The development of the RMPS with the hybrid multilevel switching converter as an unit has been explained. The current programmability of the proposed power supply configuration has been illustrated with computer simulations. Experimental results to substantiate the computer simulations are presented

  15. Decoupled Control Of Active And Reactive Powers Of DFIG With Cascaded SPWM Converters.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K.H.Phani Shree

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the dynamic modeling and simulation of a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG driven by wind turbine connected with cascaded converters. A doubly fed induction generator is basically a standard, wound rotor induction machine with its stator windings directly connected to the grid and its rotor windings connected to the grid through converters. Vector control technique is used to obtain decoupled control for powers. This paper investigates on the performance of DFIG with cascaded SPWM inverters. The total harmonic distortion has been calculated with different converters. The model is developed in MATLAB/SIMULINK environment.

  16. A Control Method of Current Type Matrix Converter for Plasma Control Coil Power Supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In exploration to a tokamak fusion reactor, the control of plasma instabilities of high β plasma such as neoclassical tearing mode (NTM), resistive wall mode (RWM) etc., is the key issue for steady-state sustainment. One of the proposed methods to avoid suppressing RWM is that AC current having a phase to work for reduction the RWM growth is generated in a coil (sector coil) equipped spirally on the plasma vacuum vessel. To stabilize RWM, precise and fast real-time feedback control of magnetic field with proper amplitude and frequency is necessary. This implies that an appropriate power supply dedicated for such an application is expected to be developed. A matrix converter as one of power supply candidates for this purpose could provide a solution The matrix converter, categorized in an AC/AC direct converter composed of nine bi-directional current switches, has a great feature that a large energy storage element is unnecessary in comparison with a standard existing AC/AC indirect converter, which is composed of an AC/DC converter and a DC/AC inverter. It is also advantageous in cost and size of its applications. Fortunately, a voltage type matrix converter has come to be available at the market recently, while a current type matrix converter, which is advantageous for fast control of the large-inductance coil current, has been unavailable. On the background above mentioned, we proposed a new current type matrix converter and its control method applicable to a power supply with fast response for suppressing plasma instabilities. Since this converter is required with high accuracy control, the gate control method is adopted to three-phase switching method using middle phase to reduce voltage and current waveforms distortion. The control system is composed of VME-bus board with DSP (Digital Signal Processor) and FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array) for high speed calculation and control. This paper describes the control method of a current type matrix converter

  17. IMPLEMENTATION OF MULTIPHASE BIDIRECTIONAL NONISOLATED DC – DC CONVERTER FOR HIGH POWER APPLICATIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Pappu Kumar Sharma; Anula Khare

    2016-01-01

    The converter has high efficiency due to soft-switching operation in all Multi bridges. Steady-state analysis of the converter is presented to determine the power flow equations, tank currents and soft-switching region. Dynamic analysis is performed to design a closed-loop controller that will regulate the load-side port voltage and source-side port current. Compared to the traditional full and half bridge bidirectional dc–dc converters for the similar applications, the new topology has...

  18. Thermal stress comparison in modular power converter topologies for smart transformers in the electrical distribution system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andresen, Markus; Ma, Ke; Liserre, Marco; Blaabjerg, Frede

    A Smart Transformer (ST) can cover an important managing role in the future electrical distribution grid. For the moment, the reliability and cost are not competitive with traditional transformers and create a barrier for its application. This work conduct detail designs and analysis for a...... promising modular ST solution, which is composed of Modular Multi-level converter, Quad Active Bridge DC-DC converters, and two-level voltage source converters. The focus is put on the loading conditions and thermal stress of power semiconductor devices in order to discover critical parts of the whole...

  19. Average current control of DC-DC Cuk Converters as Power Factor Corrector

    OpenAIRE

    Ashima Kulshreshtha; Anmol R. Saxena

    2015-01-01

    The era of electronic devices in all loads due to the manufacturing technologies replaced many conventional electrical or mechanical loads including lighting loads where Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) is becoming an emerging technique with many advantages. High frequency switching dc-dc converter is a new technology to control the load and the supply side simultaneously. Due to additional harmonics generated by these switching converters power factor correction has become a necessit...

  20. Precision BiCMOS successive approximation analog-to-digital converter with low power consumption

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An IP block of a successive approximation analog-to-digital converter (ADC) with low power consumption has been developed as a part of an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) for an intellectual flow meter. The advantages of the application of the modified “top-down” design method to the design of the chip have been demonstrated. The results of the simulation, verification, and test of the analog-to-digital converter are presented

  1. Control of synchrotron electromagnet power supply using a current type PWM converter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Together with actualization of large volume semiconductor switching element, direct current (DC) source for electromagnet excitation of an accelerator is changing from thyristor rectification source to PWM converter source using GTO and IGBT, which is a direct converter of alternating current (AC) power to DC power as well as the thyristor rectification source in difference from conventional DC-DC converter. And that, it has an advantage that it can not only convert AC power to DC one, but also compensate loss factor and harmonic wave of the converter simultaneously and actualize a precise control because of its possibility of setting short sampling time. At present a basic experiment was carried out under consideration on application of a current type PWM converter to a source for synchrotron electromagnet excitation. And, two kinds of comparative investigation on two freedoms PI control system and repeating control system with minor loop were carried out. As a result, it was found that as a problem on follow-delay against a target value could be compensated more easily than two freedoms control system using a target value filter could, compensation of outer disturbance such as source voltage variation, load variation, and so forth, and that a repeating control system with minor loop could compensate a follow-delay problem at each repeating, and also compensate outer disturbance on source voltage and load variations due to minor loop. (G.K.)

  2. Implementation of Rapid Prototyping Tools for Power Loss and Cost Minimization of DC-DC Converters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amruta V. Kulkarni

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, power loss and cost models of power electronic converters based on converter ratings and datasheet information are presented. These models aid in creating rapid prototypes which facilitate the component selection process. Through rapid prototyping, users can estimate power loss and cost which are essential in design decisions. The proposed approach treats main power electronic components of a converter as building blocks that can be arranged to obtain multiple topologies to facilitate rapid prototyping. In order to get system-level power loss and cost models, two processes are implemented. The first process automatically provides minimum power loss or cost estimates and identifies components for specific applications and ratings; the second process estimates power losses and costs of each component of interest as well as the whole system. Two examples are used to illustrate the proposed approaches—boost and buck converters in continuous conduction mode. Achieved cost and loss estimates are over 93% accurate when compared to measured losses and real cost data. This research presents derivations of the proposed models, experimental validation of the models and demonstration of a user friendly interface that integrates all the models. Tools presented in this paper are expected to be very useful for practicing engineers, designers, and researchers, and are flexible and adaptable with changing or new technologies and varying component prices.

  3. Electrical performance characteristics of high power converters for space power applications. Final report, 1 January 1988-30 September 1989

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The first goal of this project was to investigate various converters that would be suitable for processing electric power derived from a nuclear reactor. The implementation is indicated of a 20 kHz system that includes a source converter, a ballast converter, and a fixed frequency converter for generating the 20 kHz output. This system can be converted to dc simply by removing the fixed frequency converter. This present study emphasized the design and testing of the source and ballast converters. A push-pull current-fed (PPCF) design was selected for the source converter, and a 2.7 kW version of this was implemented using three 900 watt modules in parallel. The characteristic equation for two converters in parallel was derived, but this analysis did not yield any experimental methods for measuring relative stability. The three source modules were first tested individually and then in parallel as a 2.7 kW system. All tests proved to be satisfactory; the system was stable; efficiency and regulation were acceptable; and the system was fault tolerant. The design of a ballast-load converter, which was operated as a shunt regulator, was investigated. The proposed power circuit is suitable for use with BJTs because proportional base drive is easily implemented. A control circuit which minimizes switching frequency ripple and automatically bypasses a faulty shunt section was developed. A nonlinear state-space-averaged model of the shunt regulator was developed and shown to produce an accurate incremental (small-signal) dynamic model, even though the usual state-space-averaging assumptions were not met. The nonlinear model was also shown to be useful for large-signal dynamic simulation using PSpice

  4. Modeling of Zeta converter based DVR system for power quality improvement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.Velmurugan

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available A new development of voltage control scheme for power quality improvement such as voltage sag, swell, harmonics, and transient conditions in three-phase power systems has been proposed. Faults occurring in power distribution systems or amenities can inject the voltage sag or swell. This fault can damage or affect the power transmission and distribution. For sensitive loads, the short duration of voltage sags also cause huge problems in the entire power system. In order to reduce power interruptions, this work proposes a novel Zeta converter based DVR system. This proposed scheme can quickly access the voltage sag and swell under transient condition.

  5. Research on Two-channel Interleaved Two-stage Paralleled Buck DC-DC Converter for Plasma Cutting Power Supply

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yang, Xi-jun; Qu, Hao; Yao, Chen; Zhang, Ning-yun; Tang, Hou-jun; Chen, Quan; Blaabjerg, Frede

    As for high power plasma power supply, due to high efficiency and flexibility, multi-channel interleaved multi-stage paralleled Buck DC-DC Converter becomes the first choice. In the paper, two-channel interleaved two- stage paralleled Buck DC-DC Converter powered by three-phase AC power supply is...

  6. Power loss benchmark of nine-switch converters in three-phase online-UPS application

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Qin, Zian; Loh, Poh Chiang; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2014-01-01

    Three-phase online-UPS is an appropriate application for the nine-switch converter, where its high voltage stress of the power device caused by the reduced switch feature can be relieved significantly. Its power loss and loss distribution still have the flexibility from the control point of view...... parameters like modulation index and phase angle of the load are taken into account. The benchmark of power loss will become a guidance for the users to make best use of the advantages and bypass the disadvantages of nine-switch converters. The results are finally verified on a 1.5 kW prototype....... due to its asymmetrical structure, which are critical indicators for efficiency and reliability. They are therefore analyzed mathematically in this paper, in terms of conduction loss and switching loss. Moreover, various modulation strategies that fit for the nine-switch converter as well as...

  7. On the Robust Control of DC-DC Converters: Application to a Hybrid Power Generation System

    OpenAIRE

    Hernandez-Torres, David; Sename, Olivier; Riu, Delphine; Druart, Florence

    2010-01-01

    In this paper a complete robust control synthesis is performed for a hybrid power generation structure composed by a Fuel Cell and a Supercapacitor. The control strategies are applied to the DC-DC boost power converters associated to each power source. Multivariable PI control with H∞ performance, H∞ full and reduced order controllers are designed and compared. The multivariable PI controller is designed through an optimization procedure based on solving some Linear Matrix Inequalities. A μ-a...

  8. Advanced Burst Mode Control to Reduce the Standby Power of Flyback Converter

    OpenAIRE

    Min-Sung Kim; Hyoung-Woo Kim; Ji-Hye Jang; Ki-Hyun Kim

    2013-01-01

    This paper we proposed advanced burst mode control technique to reduce the standby power consumption of the switch mode power supply (SMPS). To reduce the standby power consumption, most of the converter use burst mode or skip mode control technique. However Conventional standby mode control techniques have some problems such as audible noise and poor regulation. In proposed techniques, basically, the burst mode control technique is employed to reduce the fundamental switching frequency while...

  9. Pilot study of the electron-magnetic compatibility of converter for HL-2A power supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is very important to analyze the electro-magnetic compatibility(EMC) of HL-2A power supply because the system harmonic will be increased when HL-2A operating at higher parameters. The pilot study of (EMC) of the converter of power supply is presented and the Ac and DC harmonic characteristics of HL-2A ohm power supply are analyzed. It also gives some methods for sup- pressing the harmonic. (authors)

  10. Superior decoupled control of active and reactive power for three-phase voltage source converters

    OpenAIRE

    RAHBARIMAGHAM, HESAM; AMIRI, ERFAN MAALI; VAHIDI, Behrooz; GHAREHPETIAN, GEVORG BABAMALEK; Abedi, Mehrdad

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents an active-reactive power control strategy for voltage source converters (VSCs) based on derivation of the direct and quadrature components of the VSC output current. The proposed method utilizes a multivariable proportional-integral controller and provides almost completely decoupled control capability of the active and reactive power with almost full disturbance rejection due to step changes in the power exchanged between the VSC and the grid. It also imposes fast transie...

  11. A new approach to the minimum weight/loss design of switching power converters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, F. C.; Rahman, S.; Wu, C. J.; Kolacki, J.

    1981-01-01

    A new technique using the mathematical nonlinear programming ALAG is proposed to facilitate design optimizations of switching power converters. This computer-aided approach provides a minimum weight (or loss) design down to the details of component level and concurrently satisfies all related power-circuit performance requirements. It also provides such design insights as tradeoffs between power loss and system weight as the switching frequency is increased.

  12. 1 GHz GaAs Buck Converter for High Power Amplifier Modulation Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Busking, E.B.; Hek, A.P. de; Vliet, F.E. van

    2012-01-01

    A fully integrated 1 GHz buck converter output stage, including on-chip inductor and DC output filtering has been realized, in a standard high-voltage breakdown GaAs MMIC technology. This is a significant step forward in designing highspeed power control of supply-modulated HPAs (high power amplifiers). Agile power controlled HPAs are intended to find application in high-efficiency transmitters for both radio communication and radar applications, especially in which phased array transmit chai...

  13. Optimization of Power MOSFET for High-Frequency Synchronous Buck Converter

    OpenAIRE

    Bai, Yuming

    2003-01-01

    Evolutions in microprocessor technology require the use of a high-frequency synchronous buck converter (SBC) in order to achieve low cost, low profile, fast transient response and high power density. However, high frequency also causes more power loss on MOSFETs. Optimization of the MOSFETs plays an important role in the system performance. Circuit and device modeling is important in understanding the relationship between the device parameters and the power loss. The gate-to-drain charge ...

  14. Application of three-phase series parallel (SPRC) resonant converter for power quality improvement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Daigavane, M.B.; Daigavane, P.M. [Disha Inst. of Management and Technology, Raipur (India). Dept. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering; Khan, Z.J. [SVIST, Karimnagar (India); Suryawanshi, H.M. [Visvesvaraya National Inst. of Technology, Nagpur (India). Dept. of Electrical Engineering; Tanvade, S.S. [Babasaheb Ambedkar Technological Univ., Lonere (India). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

    2008-07-01

    Power quality (PQ) has become a significant issue for both power suppliers and customers. This paper discussed 3 important changes that have occurred in the area of power quality enhancement in electronic equipment, such as resonant converters and harmonics. There is currently a need to improve the performance of existing DC drives in many industrial applications including machine tool drives, paper mills, waste water treatment plants and steel plants. The conventional DC motor drive continues to occupy a considerable share of the variable speed drive market. A 3-phase series parallel resonant converter (SPRC) is a popular choice for medium to high power level variable speed DC-motor drives. This can be attributed to the improved power quality converter and the input power factor unity over a wide operating speed range. This drive system is the most appropriate solution to preserve existing DC-motors in industry compared to variable frequency AC drive technology. This study investigated the use of this converter in DC drive. Simulations were conducted using PSIM for variable torque conditions of a DC motor. 7 refs., 1 tab., 6 figs.

  15. 双馈异步风力发电机网侧换流器控制策略研究%The Composite Control Strategy of Doubly-fed Induction Wind-power Generator Grid side Converter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘新宇; 白珂

    2015-01-01

    双馈异步风力发电机( DFIG)采用两个背靠背、通过直流环节连接的两电平电压型PWM换流器进行交流励磁,实现变速恒频运行和最大风能追踪控制,因此DFIG的运行控制主要是对交流励磁变换器的控制.双馈异步风力发电系统的控制分为机侧换流器控制与网侧换流器控制.研究网侧换流器的控制策略.双馈异步风力发电系统网侧换流器主要用以保证输入电流正弦,控制输入功率因数和保持直流母线电压的稳定.根据网侧换流器系统的数学模型,分析其工作原理与稳态特性,设计基于电网电压定向的电流内环PI控制及电压外环PI控制的双闭环控制略.通过matlab/simu-link软件仿真,直流母线电压在双闭环控制策略下能快速的达到给定值并处于稳态,换流器输入电流亦保持正弦.所提出的双闭环控制策略能很好地实现换流器输出电压和输入电流的有效控制,具有实际意义和应用价值.%The doubly-fed Induction Wind Generator ( DFIG) uses two back to back PWM converter which exchange excitation to achieve VSCF operation and maximum wind energy tracking control,so the operation control of DFIG is mainly for AC excitation converter.The DFIG control system is divided into the machine side converter control and network-side converter control.In this paper,the main research control strategy is network side converter.The main task of doubly-fed induction wind-power generator ( DFIG) grid side converter is to maintain the DC bus voltage stability,ensure inputting sinusoidal current and control input pow-er factor.The Author,according to the grid-side converter system,analyzes its working principle and steady characteristic and based on the grid voltage orientation designs current inner and voltage outer PI control.By matlab / simulink software emulation,the DC bus voltage in the double loop control strategy can quickly reach a given value,inverter input current is also

  16. Short term Braking Capability during Power Interruptions for Integrated Matrix Converter-Motor Drives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klumpner, Christian; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2002-01-01

    The new trend in Adjustable Speed Drives (ASD) is to integrate the inverter and the motor into a single unit in order to reduce the production cost, the commissioning time and the physical size of the equipment. This last issue becomes more important, making the matrix converter topology more...... engages or to perform more effective a combined braking.This paper proposes a new method to provide short-term braking capability during a power outage for matrix converters. A braking chopper is needed in the clamp circuit, which allows for a drastically reduction of the capacitor size. The power flow in...

  17. AlGaAs converters and arrays for laser power beaming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khvostikov, Vladimir; Sorokina, Svetlana; Potapovich, Nataliia; Khvostikova, Olga; Shvarts, Maxim; Timoshina, Nailya; Andreev, Viacheslav

    2015-09-01

    This study reports on the development of AlGaAs/GaAs-based laser power photovoltaic (PV) converters fabricated by LPE. The monochromatic (λ = 809 nm) conversion efficiency up to 58% is measured for cells with p-n junction in Al0.07Ga0.93As and low (x = 0.25-0.3) Al concentration `window'. Modules, which have converters of low and high power laser radiation and the voltage of 4V, have been designed and fabricated. Comparison of output parameters measured at two different conditions (i.e., under flash lamp and laser beam) has been performed.

  18. Multi-Input Converter with MPPT Feature for Wind-PV Power Generation System

    OpenAIRE

    Chih-Lung Shen; Shih-Hsueh Yang

    2013-01-01

    A multi-input converter (MIC) to process wind-PV power is proposed, designed, analyzed, simulated, and implemented. The MIC cannot only process solar energy but deal with wind power, of which structure is derived from forward-type DC/DC converter to step-down/up voltage for charger systems, DC distribution applications, or grid connection. The MIC comprises an upper modified double-ended forward, a lower modified double-ended forward, a common output inductor, and a DSP-based system controlle...

  19. Time delay control of power converters: Mixed frame and stationary-frame variants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blaabjerg, Frede; Loh, P.C.; Tang, Y.;

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, a mixed-frame and a stationary-frame time delay current controller are proposed for high precision reference tracking and disturbance rejection of power converters. In particular, the controllers use a proportional-resonant regulator in the stationary frame for regulating the...... controller simple implementation using mainly delay blocks, were physically tested with a digitally controlled commercial converter system....... positive and negative-sequence fundamental currents, which are known to directly influence the flow of active and reactive power in most energy conversion systems. Moreover, for the tracking or compensation of harmonics, the controllers include a time delay control path in either the synchronous or...

  20. Unified power flow controller based on two shunt converters and a series capacitor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khoshkbar Sadigh, Arash; Tarafdar Hagh, Mehrdad; Sabahi, Mehran [Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz (Iran)

    2010-12-15

    In this paper a novel configuration of unified power flow controller (UPFC) which consists of two shunt converters and a series capacitor is proposed. In this configuration, a series capacitor is used between two shunt converters to inject desired series voltage. As a result, it is possible to control the active and reactive power flow as same as the conventional configuration of UPFC. The main advantage of the proposed UPFC in comparison with the conventional configuration is injection of a series voltage waveform with a very low total harmonic distortion (THD). Also, using two shunt converters instead of a series and a shunt converters, results in reduction of design efforts and simplification of control, measuring and protection strategies. An optimal control strategy based on the discrete model of converters is applied to shunt converters. The proposed UPFC is simulated using PSCAD/EMTDC and MATLAB software and simulation results are presented to validate the effectiveness of the novel configuration of UPFC. Also, the experimental results which are obtained from an experimental set-up are presented. (author)

  1. Design issues of the TF AC/DC converter for the ITER coil power supply system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ITER Toroidal Field (TF) coil system is composed of 18 series-connected superconductor coils (L=17.5 Henry), related protection circuits, and an AC/DC converter. The converter for the TF coil system is a 12-pulse and 2-quadrant converter with the two thyristor bridges connected in parallel through the inter-phase reactor. The rated current of the converter is 68 kA, and no-load output voltage is 900 V when 66 kV AC input is used. Because ITER is a pulse system that uses huge power during the pulse, there are additional critical issues in designing the AC/DC converters. In this study the following issues in designing the TF AC/DC converter are discussed to improve the characteristics of the TF coil system; - Fault current issues related with AC input voltage and operational scenario. - Junction temperatures during the faults and the thyristor numbers per an arm. - Efficient and reliable bypass method including resuming. - Protection sequence for the fault conditions. - Reactive power reduction method. - Estimation of the optimum inductance of the DC Reactor (DCR)

  2. Design, operation and control of series-connected power converters for offshore wind parks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruiz, Alejandro Garces

    2012-07-01

    Offshore wind farms need to develop technologies that fulfill three main objectives:Efficiency, power density and reliability. The purpose of this thesis is to study an HVDC transmission system based on series connection of the turbines which theoretically meet these three objectives. A new topology of matrix converter operated at high frequency is proposed. This converter is studied using different modulation algorithms. Simulation and experimental results demonstrated that the converter can be operated as a current source converter with high efficiency. An optimal control based on a linear quadratic regulator is propose dto control the matrix converter as well as the converter placed on shore. Results demonstrated the high performance of this type of control and its simplicity for implementation. An stationary state study based on non-linear programming and Montecarlo simulation was carried out to determine the performance of the concept for long-term operation. Series connection is an efficient technology if and only if the differences in the effective wind velocity are small. This aspect limits the number of wind turbines that can be connected in series, since a numerous number of turbines will lead to high covariances in the distribution of the wind. A complementary study about active filter and reactive power compensation was carried out using an optimization-based algorithm. (Author)

  3. Power Controllability of Three-phase Converter with Unbalanced AC Source

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ma, Ke; Chen, Wenjie; Liserre, Marco; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2015-01-01

    Three-phase DC-AC power converters suffer from power oscillation and overcurrent problems in case of unbalanced AC source voltage that can be caused by grid/generator faults. Existing solutions to handle these problems are properly selecting and controlling the positive and negative sequence...... converter can enable more flexible control targets, achieving better performances in the delivered power and load current when suffering from unbalanced AC voltage....... currents. In this work a new series of control strategies which utilize the zerosequence components are proposed to enhance the power control ability under this adverse condition. It is concluded that by introducing proper zero sequence current controls and corresponding circuit configurations, the power...

  4. Power Controllability of Three-phase Converter with Unbalanced AC Source

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ma, Ke; Liserre, Marco; Blaabjerg, Frede

    Three-phase DC-AC power converters suffer from power oscillation and overcurrentt problems in case of unbalanced AC source voltage that can be caused by grid/generator faults. Existing solutions to handle these problems are properly selecting and controlling the positive and negative sequence...... converter can enable more flexible control targets, achieving better performances in the delivered power and load current when suffering from unbalanced AC sources....... currents. In this work a new series of control strategies which utilize the zero-sequence components are proposed to enhance the power control ability under this adverse conditions. It is concluded that by introducing proper zero sequence current controls and corresponding circuit configurations, the power...

  5. Study of matrix converter as a current-controlled power supply in QUEST tokamak

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Because QUEST tokamak has a divertor configuration with a higher κ and a negative n-index, a precise power supply with a rapid response is needed to control the vertical position of the plasma. A matrix converter is a direct power conversion device that uses an array of controlled bidirectional switches as the main power elements for creating a variable-output current system. This paper presents a novel three-phase to two-phase topological matrix converter as a proposed power supply that stabilizes the plasma vertical position and achieves unity input power factor. An indirect control strategy in which the matrix converter is split into a virtual rectifier stage and a virtual inverter stage is adopted. In the virtual rectifier stage, the instantaneous active power and reactive power are decoupled on the basis of system equations derived from the DQ transformation; hence, unity power factor is achieved. Space vector pulse width modulation is adopted to determine the switching time of each switch in the virtual rectifier; the output voltage of the virtual rectifier is adjusted by the virtual inverter stage to obtain the desired load current. Theoretical analyses and simulation results are provided to verify its feasibility. (author)

  6. POWER FACTOR CORRECTION IN PERMANENT MAGNET BRUSHLESS DC MOTOR DRIVE USING SINGLE-PHASE CUK CONVERTER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SANJEEV SINGH

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Permanent magnet brushless DC motor (PMBLDCM drives are being employed in many variable speed applications due to their high efficiency, silent operation, compact size, high reliability, ease of control, and low maintenance requirements. These drives have power quality problems and poor power factor at input AC mains as they are mostly fed through diode bridge rectifier based voltage source inverters. To overcome such problems a single-phase single-switch power factor correction AC-DC converter topology based on a Cuk converter is proposed to feed voltage source inverters based PMBLDCM. It focuses on the analysis, design and performance evaluation of the proposed PFC converter topology for a 1.5 kW, 1500 rpm, 400 V PMBLDCM drive used for an air-conditioning system. The proposed PFC converter topology is modelled and its performance is simulated in Matlab-Simulink environment and results show an improved power quality and good power factor in wide speed range of the drive.

  7. Application Criteria for Nine-Switch Power Conversion Systems with Improved Thermal Performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Qin, Zian; Loh, Poh Chiang; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2015-01-01

    Nine-switch converter is a reduced-switch equivalence of the widely used twelve-switch back-to-back converter. Like other reduced-switch topologies, the nine-switch converter experiences operating constraints, which may limit its efficiency. This is however not universal, meaning losses of the nine...

  8. Inverse optimal control as an alternative to regulate a Boost DC-DC power converter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Jesús Vega Pérez

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the application of the fundamental theory of the inverse optimal control problem for regulation of the output voltage in a Boost DC-DC power converter. The inverse optimal control problem states a priori an optimal control law and a posteriori it proposes the functional cost to be minimized, avoiding the explicit solution of the Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equation and, therefore, making easier the solution of the optimal control problem. Some analytical developments are shown here to obtain mathematical expressions needed to perform the inverse optimal control approach on regulation of the output voltage in a Boost power converter circuit under the influence of external disturbances. Numerical routines performed in MATLAB® have shown promising results of the proposed technique by achieving annihilation of the perturbation effect in the system´s model. Future work is focused on experimental verification of this approach on a real prototype of the DC-DC converter.

  9. Catastrophic Failure and Fault-Tolerant Design of IGBT Power Electronic Converters - An Overview

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wu, Rui; Blaabjerg, Frede; Wang, Huai;

    2013-01-01

    Reliability is one of the key issues for the application of Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistors (IGBTs) in power electronic converters. Many efforts have been devoted to the reduction of IGBT wear out failure induced by accumulated degradation and catastrophic failure triggered by single......-event overstress. The wear out failure under field operation could be mitigated by scheduled maintenances based on lifetime prediction and condition monitoring. However, the catastrophic failure is difficult to be predicted and thus may lead to serious consequence of power electronic converters. To obtain a better...... understanding of catastrophic failure of IGBTs, the state-of-the-art research on their failure behaviors and failure mechanisms is presented in this paper. Moreover, various fault-tolerant design methods, to prevent converter level malfunctions in the event of IGBT failure, are also reviewed....

  10. Modeling and Comparison of Power Converters for Doubly Fed Induction Generators in Wind Turbines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Helle, Lars

    individual components without entering time consuming time-step simulations has been derived -metho ds applicable to determine the actual design margin for a specific converter design. Although not a part of the thesis these fast predicting thermal models will in a longer term be usable to estimate problems...... related to power cycling and thermal cycling of the power semiconductors within a specific turbine design. To obtain a fair comparison some initial design guidelines for each of the converters has been outlined concerning components ratings, filter design issues and choice of switching frequency. Finally......, all the developed wind turbine component models have been implemented in a simulation tool Drives enabling a fast and fair comparison of the considered converter topologies. Besides enabling a comparison on the turbine efficiency (and turbine component efficiency), the tool enables an investigation on...

  11. Analog Fixed Maximum Power Point Control for a PWM Step-downConverter for Water Pumping Installations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beltran, H.; Perez, E.; Chen, Zhe;

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes a Fixed Maximum Power Point analog control used in a step-down Pulse Width Modulated power converter. The DC/DC converter drives a DC motor used in small water pumping installations, without any electric storage device. The power supply is provided by PV panels working around...

  12. Thermal Modeling and Design of On-board DC-DC Power Converter using Finite Element Method

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Staliulionis, Zygimantas; Zhang, Zhe; Pittini, Riccardo;

    2014-01-01

    Power electronic converters are widely used and play a pivotal role in electronics area . The temperature causes around 54 % of all power converters failures. Thermal loads are nowadays one of the bottlenecks in the power system design and the cooling efficiency of a system is primarily determine...

  13. Thermal Modelling and Design of On-board DC-DC Power Converter using Finite Element Method

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Staliulionis, Z.; Zhang, Z.; Pittini, R.;

    2014-01-01

    Power electronic converters are widely used and play a pivotal role in electronics area. The temperature causes around 54 % of all power converters failures. Thermal loads are nowadays one of the bottlenecks in the power system design and the cooling efficiency of a system is primarily determined...

  14. The Impact of Power Switching Devices on the Thermal Performance of a 10 MW Wind Power NPC Converter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ke Ma

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Power semiconductor switching devices play an important role in the performance of high power wind energy generation systems. The state-of-the-art device choices in the wind power application as reported in the industry include IGBT modules, IGBT press-pack and IGCT press-pack. Because of significant deviation in the packaging structure, electrical characteristics, as well as thermal impedance, these available power switching devices may have various thermal cycling behaviors, which will lead to converter solutions with very different cost, size and reliability performance. As a result, this paper aimed to investigate the thermal related characteristics of some important power switching devices. Their impact on the thermal cycling of a 10 MW three-level Neutral-Point-Clamped wind power converter is then evaluated under various operating conditions; the main focus will be on the grid connected inverter. It is concluded that the thermal performances of the 3L-NPC wind power converter can be significantly changed by the power device technology as well as their parallel configurations.

  15. An Improved Power Quality Based Sheppard-Taylor Converter Fed BLDC Motor Drive

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Bhim; Bist, Vashist

    2015-12-01

    This paper deals with the design and analysis of a power factor correction based Sheppard-Taylor converter fed brushless dc motor (BLDCM) drive. The speed of the BLDCM is controlled by adjusting the dc link voltage of the voltage source inverter (VSI) feeding BLDCM. Moreover, a low frequency switching of the VSI is used for electronically commutating the BLDCM for reduced switching losses. The Sheppard-Taylor converter is designed to operate in continuous conduction mode to achieve an improved power quality at the ac mains for a wide range of speed control and supply voltage variation. The BLDCM drive is designed and its performance is simulated in a MATLAB/Simulink environment to achieve the power quality indices within the limits of the international power quality standard IEC-61000-3-2.

  16. Analysis of Probabilistic Harmonic Currents and Voltages of Electronic Power Converter Contributed in Distribution System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuo-Hua Liu

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Harmonic analysis is an important application to power systems and an efficient approach to evaluate the injected Total Harmonic Distortion (THD of currents flowing into a power system due to the summation of randomly varying harmonic currents produced by AC/DC power converters is presented in this study. A probabilistic model is established to derive the magnitude of the injected harmonic currents using the expected value and variance of the harmonic current sources. This study presents a method for predicting the net harmonic current and voltage produced by a large number of electronic power converter loads at the Point of Common Coupling (PCC. Two of the more difficult aspects of applying IEEE Standard 519 are one determining an appropriate harmonic penetration Point of Common Coupling (PCC and second establishing a harmonic model at the increasingly distributed loads test system. The estimated results obtain by simulating a distribution system show that the feasibility of the proposed method.

  17. A novel Modulation Topology for Power Converters utilizing Multiple Carrier Signals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knott, Arnold; Pfaffinger, Gerhard; Andersen, Michael Andreas E.

    2008-01-01

    waveform at the output. The multiple carriers are fed into multiple comparators and their outputs are intelligently combined by logic gates to get a single signal to drive one power stage of any type of converter. This commutation distinguishes between the four members of the novel family: the first one...

  18. An active trap filter for high-power voltage source converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bai, Haofeng; Wang, Xiongfei; Loh, Poh Chiang; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2015-01-01

    This paper proposes a power electronic based device to actively trap the switching current ripples for highpower converters. Control principle and system design of the active trap filter are discussed first. Comparisons of the active trap filter with LCL and LLCL filters are then carried out in...

  19. Power converter interfaces for electrochemical energy storage systems – A review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • A review of power converter interfaces for electrochemical energy storage (EES) system is presented. • EES devices and their specificities regarding to integration with the electrical systems are also described. • Power converters are divided into standard, multilevel and multiport technology. • The smart storage concept and the interface requirements to integrate the EES devices are also reviewed. - Abstract: Energy storage concept that supports important technologies for electrical systems is well established and widely recognized. Several energy storage techniques are available, including an electrochemical energy storage system used to support electrical systems. These storage systems require interfaces based on power electronic converters for interconnection with an electrical system. This paper reviews the literature covering the various types of interfaces developed for electrochemical energy storage systems. Different electrochemical energy storage devices and their specificities regarding to integration with the electrical systems are described. . The various power converter interfaces that can be used for electrochemical energy storage systems are presented. These interfaces have been divided into standard, multilevel and multiport technology. The main characteristics and specificity of each topology considering its application to electrochemical energy storage systems are presented. The review also covers the smart storage concept and the requirements of the interface to integrate the electrochemical energy storage devices upon this concept

  20. Model Predictive Current Control for High-Power Grid-Connected Converters with Output LCL Filter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Delpino, Hernan Anres Miranda; Teodorescu, Remus; Rodriguez, Pedro;

    2009-01-01

    A model predictive control strategy for a highpower, grid connected 3-level neutral clamped point converter is presented. Power losses constraints set a limit on commutation losses so reduced switching frequency is required, thus producing low frequency current harmonics. To reduce these harmonic...

  1. An analytical inductor design procedure for three-phase PWM converters in power factor correction applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kouchaki, Alireza; Niroumand, Farideh Javidi; Haase, Frerk; Nymand, Morten

    This paper presents an analytical method for designing the inductor of three-phase power factor correction converters (PFCs). The complex behavior of the inductor current complicates the inductor design procedure as well as the core loss and copper loss calculations. Therefore, this paper analyze...

  2. Power Factor Correction and THD Minimization by Interleaved Boost Converter in Continuous Conduction Mode

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saubhik Maulik

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The electrical energy available in the utility grid is not suitable for direct use in many applications. In particular, applications requiring DC source must involve an interface device between the AC power line and the load requiring the DC voltage. Conventional AC/DC conversion involves diode rectifiers with large capacitor to reduce DC voltage ripple. The filter capacitor reduces the ripple present in the output voltage but draws non-sinusoidal line current which reduces the power factor. So power factor correction (PFC techniques are gaining increasing attention. The most popular topology for active PFC is boost converter as it draws continuous input current. This input current can be manipulated by average current mode control technique. But there are ripple in the input current due to inductor of boost converter which can be minimized by using two phase interleaved boost converter. Here average current mode controlled interleaved boost converter in continuous conduction mode using PI controller, is represented which provides high power factor and low THD.

  3. Power Control at Grid Connected Converters and Analytical Solution of Steady States

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Valouch, Viktor; Škramlík, Jiří; Muller, Z.; Švec, J.; Tlustý, J.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 2015, September (2015), s. 1-12. ISSN 1024-123X Institutional support: RVO:61388998 Keywords : power control * converter * grid Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering Impact factor: 0.762, year: 2014 http://downloads.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/2015/601916.pdf

  4. One-phase dual converter for two quadrant power control of superconducting magnets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents the results of theoretical and experimental development of a new dc-ac-dc converter for superconducting magnet power supplies. The basic operating principles of the circuit are described followed by a theoretical treatment of the dynamics and control of the system. The successful results of the first experimental operation and control of such a circuit are presented and discussed

  5. High Efficiency Power Converter for a Doubly-fed SOEC/SOFC System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tomas Manez, Kevin; Anthon, Alexander; Zhang, Zhe

    2016-01-01

    characteristics that are dependent on the operation mode (energy storage / energy supply). This paper proposes a new PCU architecture for grid-tie RFC with which the RFC’s asymmetrical characteristic becomes less critical and thus a much more symmetrical power rating of the dc-dc converter for both operating...

  6. Comparison of three different Modulators for Power Converters with Respect to EMI Optimization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knott, Arnold; Pfaffinger, Gerhard; Andersen, Michael Andreas E.

    2008-01-01

    Switch-mode Power Converters are well known for emissions in the band of electromagnetic interference (EMI) interest. The spectrum shape depends on the type of modulator and its purpose. This paper gives design guidelines to choose the optimum topology depending on requirements of different appli...

  7. PROPERTIES AND PECULIARITIES OF SPACE-VECTOR-BASED SYNCHRONIZED MODULATION FOR POWER ELECTRONIC CONVERTERS

    OpenAIRE

    Oleschuk V.I.

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents brief description of peculiarities of a novel method of synchronized pulsewidth modulation (PWM) for power electronic converters. Comprehensive comparison with standard PWM techniques has been done. Basic aspects of practical relevance of new PWM method have been described.

  8. Development of Field Data Logger for Recording Mission Profile of Power Converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chaudhary, Sanjay Kumar; Ghimire, Pramod; Blaabjerg, Frede;

    2015-01-01

    Mission profile data provides useful data for a cost effective and reliable design of future power converters. The development of a field data logger using a Raspberry Pi (RBPI) and temperature and humidity sensors is presented. The collected data is analyzed and classified for the purpose of data...

  9. Influence of Frequency Converters on Insulation of Power Supply Cables at Oil-Producing Stations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. I. Zalizny

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers consequences of negative frequency converter influence on insulation of  power supply cables used for submersible installations of electric-centrifugal pumps at oil-producing stations. The possible approaches to the solution of the problem are proposed on the basis of a harmonic analysis of actually measured voltages and currents in a cable.  

  10. A review and design of power electronics converters for fuel cell hybrid system applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Zhe; Pittini, Riccardo; Andersen, Michael A. E.;

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents an overview of most promising power electronics topologies for a fuel cell hybrid power conversion system which can be utilized in many applications such as hybrid electrical vehicles (HEV), distributed generations (DG) and uninterruptible-power-supply (UPS) systems. Then, a...... multiple-input power conversion system including a decoupled dual-input converter and a three-phase neutral-point-clamped (NPC) inverter is proposed. The system can operate in both stand-alone and grid-connected modes. Simulation and experimental results are provided to show the feasibility of the proposed...

  11. Totem-Pole Power-Factor-Correction Converter under Critical-Conduction-Mode Interleaved Operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Firmansyah, Eka; Tomioka, Satoshi; Abe, Seiya; Shoyama, Masahito; Ninomiya, Tamotsu

    This paper proposes a new power-factor-correction (PFC) topology, and explains its operation principle, its control mechanism, related application problems followed by experimental results. In this proposed topology, critical-conduction-mode (CRM) interleaved technique is applied to a bridgeless PFC in order to achieve high efficiency by combining benefits of each topology. This application is targeted toward low to middle power applications that normally employs continuous-conduction-mode boost converter.

  12. AlGaAs/GaAs photovoltaic converters for high power narrowband radiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khvostikov, Vladimir; Kalyuzhnyy, Nikolay; Mintairov, Sergey; Potapovich, Nataliia; Shvarts, Maxim; Sorokina, Svetlana; Andreev, Viacheslav [Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, 26 Polytechnicheskaya, St. Petersburg, 194021 (Russian Federation); Luque, Antonio [Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, 26 Polytechnicheskaya, St. Petersburg, 194021, Russia and Instituto de Energia Solar, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Madrid (Spain)

    2014-09-26

    AlGaAs/GaAs-based laser power PV converters intended for operation with high-power (up to 100 W/cm{sup 2}) radiation were fabricated by LPE and MOCVD techniques. Monochromatic (λ = 809 nm) conversion efficiency up to 60% was measured at cells with back surface field and low (x = 0.2) Al concentration 'window'. Modules with a voltage of 4 V and the efficiency of 56% were designed and fabricated.

  13. A programmable transformer coupled converter for high-power space applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapustka, R. E.; Bush, J. R., Jr.; Graves, J. R.; Lanier, J. R., Jr.

    1986-01-01

    A programmable transformer coupled converter (PTCC) is being developed by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center for application in future large space power systems. The PTCC uses an internal microprocessor to control the output characteristics of its three Cuk integrated magnetics type power stages which have a combined capability of 5.4 kW (30 V at 180 A). Details of design trade-offs and test results are presented.

  14. Review of modular power converters solutions for smart transformer in distribution system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alzola, Rafael Pena; Gohil, Ghanshyamsinh Vijaysinh; Mathe, Laszlo; Liserre, Marco; Blaabjerg, Frede

    While the use of power electronics based Smart Transformer (ST) is becoming a reality in traction applications, and it has been considered as an interesting option for interfacing different transmission systems, the possibility to use it in distribution systems is still considered futuristic....... Replacing primary distribution transformers with ST can lead to more flexible handling of the distribution feeders, while replacing secondary distribution transformers can allow decoupling of distribution network. This paper reviews different power converter solutions for the ST focusing on modularity...

  15. Three-phase electronic power converter for photovoltaic system connected to power line; Conversor eletronico de potencia trifasico para sistema fotovoltaico conectado a rede eletrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Villalva, Marcelo Gradella

    2010-10-15

    This work is a contribution to the study of power converters for photovoltaic distributed generation systems. The main objective is to present the development and results of a three phase power converter for a grid-connected photovoltaic plant. The work presents experimental results and theoretical studies on the modeling and simulation of photovoltaic devices, regulation of the photovoltaic voltage, maximum power point tracking, and the modeling and control of a two-stage grid-connected power converter. (author)

  16. A control method of matrix converter for plasma control coil power supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since a tokamak fusion reactor will require a fast response and precise power supply to control the coil current, we propose a matrix converter configuration, as a candidate, having a filter in a load side and smaller elements than a conventional matrix converter. Coil current control performance of the candidate converter has been evaluated by a simulation model using the code 'PSCAD/EMTDC.' Simulated circuit parameters were: 30 mH for the load coil, 1 kV for the matrix converter input voltage, and ∼100 A for the output coil current. The PWM (pulse width modulation) control using triangular carrier modulation of a 10 kHz carrier frequency was adopted as the control method. The simulation results show that the settling delay time of coil current in the step variation is ∼1 ms. The transient response performance of the simulated coil current to the reference current was good. We have come to a condition that the matrix converter can be applied to the plasma control coil power supply

  17. A High-Efficiency, Low-Cost Solution for On-Board Power Converters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Boscaino

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Wide-input, low-voltage, and high-current applications are addressed. A single-ended isolated topology which improves the power efficiency, reduces both switching and conduction losses, and heavily lowers the system cost is presented. During each switching cycle, the transformer core reset is provided. The traditional tradeoff between the maximum allowable duty-cycle and the reset voltage is avoided and the off-voltage of active switches is clamped to the input voltage. Therefore, the system cost is heavily reduced and the converter is well suited for wide-input applications. Zero-voltage switching is achieved for active switches, and the power efficiency is greatly improved. In the output mesh, an inductor is included making the converter suitable for high-current, low-voltage applications. Since the active clamp forward converter is the closest competitor of the proposed converter, a comparison is provided as well. In this paper, the steady-state and small-signal analysis of the proposed converter is presented. Design examples are provided for further applications. Simulation and experimental results are shown to validate the great advantages brought by the proposed topology.

  18. Operating and Loading Conditions of a Three-Level Neutral-Point-Clamped Wind Power Converter Under Various Grid Faults

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ma, Ke; Liserre, Marco; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2014-01-01

    In order to fulfill the growing demands from the grid side, full-scale power converters are becoming popular in the wind turbine system. The low-voltage ride-through (LVRT) requirements may not only cause control problems but also result in overstressed components for the power converter. However......, the thermal loading of the wind power converter under various grid faults is still not yet clarified, particularly at megawatt power level. In this paper, the impacts by three types of grid faults to a three-level neutral-point-clamped (3L-NPC) wind power converter in terms of operating and loading...... conditions are analytically solved and simulated. It has been found that the operating and loading conditions of the converter under LVRT strongly depend on the types/severity values of grid voltage dips and also the chosen control algorithms. The thermal distribution among the three phases of the converter...

  19. Test and evaluation of load converter topologies used in the Space Station Freedom power management and distribution dc test bed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lebron, Ramon C.; Oliver, Angela C.; Bodi, Robert F.

    1991-01-01

    Power components hardware in support of the Space Station freedom dc Electric Power System were tested. One type of breadboard hardware tested is the dc Load Converter Unit, which constitutes the power interface between the electric power system and the actual load. These units are dc to dc converters that provide the final system regulation before power is delivered to the load. Three load converters were tested: a series resonant converter, a series inductor switch-mode converter, and a switching full-bridge forward converter. The topology, operation principles, and test results are described, in general. A comparative analysis of the three units is given with respect to efficiency, regulation, short circuit behavior (protection), and transient characteristics.

  20. Control of modular multilevel converters for grid integration of full-scale wind energy conversion systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debnath, Suman

    The growing demand for wind power generation has pushed the capacity of wind turbines towards MW power levels. Higher capacity of the wind turbines necessitates operation of the generators and power electronic conversion systems at higher voltage/power levels. The power electronic conversion system of a wind energy conversion system (WECS) needs to meet the stringent requirements in terms of reliability, efficiency, scalability and ease of maintenance, power quality, and dv/dt stress on the generator/transformer. Although the multilevel converters including the neutral point clamped (NPC) converter and the active NPC converter meet most of the requirements, they fall short in reliability and scalability. Motivated by modularity/scalability feature of the modular multilevel converter (MMC), this research is to enable the MMC to meet all of the stringent requirements of the WECS by addressing their unique control challenges. This research presents systematic modeling and control of the MMC to enable it to be a potential converter topology for grid integration of full-scale WECSs. Based on the developed models, appropriate control systems for control of circulating current and capacitor voltages under fixed- and variable-frequency operations are proposed. Using the developed MMC models, a gradient-based cosimulation algorithm to optimize the gains of the developed control systems, is proposed. Performance/effectiveness of the developed models and the proposed control systems for the back-to-back MMC-based WECS are evaluated/verified based on simulations studies in the PSCAD/EMTDC software environment and experimental case studies on a laboratory-scale hardware prototype.

  1. A Transformer-less Partial Power Boost Converter for PV Applications Using a Three-Level Switching Cell

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Agamy, Mohammed; Harfman-Todorovic, Maja; Elasser, Ahmed; Essakiappan, Somasundaram

    2013-03-01

    Photovoltaic architectures with distributed power electronics provide many advantages in terms of energy yield as well as system level optimization. As the power level of the solar farm increases it becomes more beneficial to increase the dc collection network voltage, which requires the use of power devices with higher voltage ratings, and thus making the design of efficient, low cost, distributed power converters more challenging. In this paper a simple partial power converter topology is proposed. The topology is implemented using a three-level switching cell, which allows the use of semiconductor devices with lower voltage rating; thus improving design and performance and reducing converter cost. This makes the converters suitable for use for medium to high power applications where dc-link voltages of 600V~1kV may be needed without the need for high voltage devices. Converter operation and experimental results are presented for two partial power circuit variants using three-level switching cells.

  2. Mitigation of Wind Power Fluctuation by Active Current Control of Variable Speed Wind Turbines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Yunqian; Chen, Zhe; Hu, Weihao; Cheng, Ming

    2013-01-01

    Wind shear and tower shadow are the sources of power fluctuation of grid connected wind turbines during continuous operation. This paper presents a simulation model of a MW-level doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) based variable speed wind turbine with a partial-scale back-to-back power...... converter in Simulink. A simple and effective method of wind power fluctuations mitigation by active current control of DFIG is proposed. It smoothes the generator output active power oscillations by adjusting the active current of the DFIG, such that the power oscillation is stored as the kinetic energy of...... the wind turbine. The simulations are performed on the NREL 1.5MW upwind reference wind turbine model. The simulation results are presented and discussed to demonstrate the validity of the proposed control method....

  3. Hybrid Three-Phase/Single-Phase Microgrid Architecture with Power Management Capabilities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sun, Qiuye; Zhou, Jianguo; Guerrero, Josep M.;

    2015-01-01

    With the fast proliferation of single-phase distributed generation (DG) units and loads integrated into residential microgrids, independent power sharing per phase and full use of the energy generated by DGs have become crucial. To address these issues, this paper proposes a hybrid microgrid...... architecture and its power management strategy. In this microgrid structure, a power sharing unit (PSU), composed of three single-phase back-to-back (SPBTB) converters, is proposed to be installed at the point of common coupling (PCC). The aim of the PSU is mainly to realize the power exchange and coordinated...... control of load power sharing among phases, as well as to allow fully utilization of the energy generated by DGs. Meanwhile, the method combining the modified adaptive backstepping-sliding mode control approach and droop control is also proposed to design the SPBTB system controllers. With the application...

  4. Resonant converter topologies for constant-current power supplies and their applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Power electronics, in general, and power supplies, in particular, is an important field of accelerator technology due to its widespread use, for instance in dc, ramp or pulse magnet power supplies, high voltage power supplies for electrostatic accelerators and RF amplifies, power supplies for vacuum pumps, vacuum gauges, beam diagnostic devices etc. It has been possible to meet stringent performance requirements with the continuing advancement in the field of power electronics. Resonant converters have been an active area of research in power electronics field due to variety of topologies, diverse, peculiar and useful characteristics. While the majority of the previous work on resonant converters has been directed towards developing methods of analysis and control techniques for the mentioned applications, very little has been done to explore their suitability for application as a constant-current power supply, which is either inherently required or can be advantageously applied in power supplies for various accelerator subsystems and other industrial applications such as electric arc welding, laser diode drivers, magnet illumination systems, battery charging, electrochemical processes etc.

  5. Simulation on Soft-Switching PWM Converter with High Power Factor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    A new PWM converter based on soft-switching is introduced. The converter uses a minimum number of devices, and requires less switching operations than conventional techniques. Switching is realized solely in a ZVS (zero voltage switching) mode,therefore the loss is reduced and EMI (electromagnetic interference) is suppressed. The paper analyzes the operation of ZVS, and discusses the methods for maintaining a unit power factor and constant DC voltage. Changing the modulation index M and the phase angle θ keeps the input current in phase with the voltage. It also keeps the current sinusoidal, and ensures a constant output voltage.

  6. Direct drive electrical power take-off for offshore marine energy converters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mueller, M.A.; Baker, N.J.

    2005-03-15

    This paper investigates the issues associated with converting the energy produced by marine renewable energy converters, namely wave and tidal stream devices, into electricity using direct drive electrical power take-off, without use of complex pneumatic, hydraulic or other mechanical linkages. In order to demonstrate the issues, two alternative topologies of linear electrical machines are investigated: the linear vernier hybrid permanent magnet machine and the air-cored tubular permanent magnet machine. The electrical characteristics of these machines are described and compared in the context of mechanical integration. Potential solutions to the issues of sealing, corrosion and lubrication are discussed taking into account the electrical properties of the two topologies. (Author)

  7. Discrete Displacement Hydraulic Power Take-Off System for the Wavestar Wave Energy Converter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Vidal

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The Wavestar Wave Energy Converter (WEC is a multiple absorber concept, consisting of 20 hemisphere shaped floats attached to a single platform. The heart of the Wavestar WEC is the Power Take-Off (PTO system, converting the wave induced motion of the floats into a steady power output to the grid. In the present work, a PTO based on a novel discrete displacement fluid power technology is explored for the Wavestar WEC. Absorption of power from the floats is performed by hydraulic cylinders, supplying power to a common fixed pressure system with accumulators for energy smoothing. The stored pressure energy is converted into electricity at a steady pace by hydraulic motors and generators. The storage, thereby, decouples the complicated process of wave power absorption from power generation. The core for enabling this PTO technology is implementing a near loss-free force control of the energy absorbing cylinders. This is achieved by using special multi-chambered cylinders, where the different chambers may be connected to the available system pressures using fast on/off valves. Resultantly, a Discrete Displacement Cylinder (DDC is created, allowing near loss free discrete force control. This paper presents a complete PTO system for a 20 float Wavestar based on the DDC. The WEC and PTO is rigorously modeled from incident waves to the electric output to the grid. The resulting model of +600 states is simulated in different irregular seas, showing that power conversion efficiencies above 70% from input power to electrical power is achievable for all relevant sea conditions.

  8. Li-Ion Battery Charging with a Buck-Boost Power Converter for a Solar Powered Battery Management System

    OpenAIRE

    Chien-Wei Ma; Jaw-Kuen Shiau

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyzes and simulates the Li-ion battery charging process for a solar powered battery management system. The battery is charged using a non-inverting synchronous buck-boost DC/DC power converter. The system operates in buck, buck-boost, or boost mode, according to the supply voltage conditions from the solar panels. Rapid changes in atmospheric conditions or sunlight incident angle cause supply voltage variations. This study develops an electrochemical-based equivalent circuit mod...

  9. Power Quality Improvement in PMBLDCM Drive using PFC SEPIC Converter for Air Conditioner.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Athiyaman S

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, an improved power quality converter employing Single Ended Primary Inductor (SEPIC converter topology is used to feed a permanent magnet brushless DC motor (PMBLDCM drive. Normally, the PMBLDCM drive has a three-phase voltage source inverter (VSI and a PMBLDCM which is fed from single-phase AC mains through a diode bridge rectifier (DBR. In this proposed system a SEPIC DC-DC converter is used after the DBR and it performs power factor correction (PFC at input AC mains and voltage control at DC link, in a single-stage. The proposed PMBLDCM drive is designed, modeled and its performance is evaluated in MatlabSimulink environment for an air conditioner (Air-Con load. The speed of the compressor is controlled for efficient operation of the Air-Con which results in controlling the temperature in the conditioned area at the set point, effectively. Obtained results are presented to demonstrate an improved power quality of PFC converter based PMBLDCM drive in wide range of the speed and input AC voltage besides improved efficiency of an Air-Con system.

  10. A novel wireless power and data transmission AC to DC converter for an implantable device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jhao-Yan; Tang, Kea-Tiong

    2013-01-01

    This article presents a novel AC to DC converter implemented by standard CMOS technology, applied for wireless power transmission. This circuit combines the functions of the rectifier and DC to DC converter, rather than using the rectifier to convert AC to DC and then supplying the required voltage with regulator as in the transitional method. This modification can reduce the power consumption and the area of the circuit. This circuit also transfers the loading condition back to the external circuit by the load shift keying(LSK), determining if the input power is not enough or excessive, which increases the efficiency of the total system. The AC to DC converter is fabricated with the TSMC 90nm CMOS process. The circuit area is 0.071mm(2). The circuit can produce a 1V DC voltage with maximum output current of 10mA from an AC input ranging from 1.5V to 2V, at 1MHz to 10MHz. PMID:24110077

  11. Harmonics in power systems of ships with electrical propulsion drives. Comparison between different converters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lehtonen, M. [VTT Energy, Espoo (Finland). Energy Systems

    1996-11-01

    In this report the effects of harmonics in marine power systems is discussed and a comparison is given between the most typical converter types, including pulse width modulated drives, load commutated inverters and cycloconverters. The effect of harmonic distortion on the power system equipment and loads is first briefly discussed. Special attention is given to the circumstances in the low voltage distribution system, where general load equipment is connected. In addition to the total harmonic distortion the effect of voltage deviation to the supply quality is also considered. The origin of harmonics in the load currents of the three converter types is then considered. The differences between the converters are outlined, and the most typical spectra are presented. The possible means for reducing the harmonic distortion are also studied. The solutions considered are the increasing of the short circuit level, the use of harmonic filters and the increasing of the pulse number. In the case of cycloconverters, the optimization of the phase shift between the parallel operating bridges is also presented. Finally the effects of different converter types on the voltage quality are compared using calculations made for a typical marine power system. (author)

  12. Control of fast-pulsed Power Converters at CERN using a function generator controller

    CERN Document Server

    Murillo Garcia, Raul; Magrans De Abril, Marc

    2015-01-01

    The electrical power converter group at CERN is responsible for the design of fast-pulsed power converters. These generate a flat-top pulse of the order of a few milliseconds. Control of these power converters is orchestrated by an embedded computer, known as the Function Generator/Controller (FGC). The FGC is the main component in the so-called RegFGC3 chassis, which also houses a variety of purpose-built cards. Ensuring the generation of the pulse at a precise moment, typically when the beam passes, is paramount to the correct behaviour of the accelerator. To that end, the timing distribution and posterior handling by the FGC must be well defined. Also important is the ability to provide operational feedback, and to configure the FGC, the converter, and the pulse characteristics. This paper presents an overview of the system architecture as well as the results obtained during the commissioning of this control solution in CERN’s new Linac4.

  13. Optimal laser wavelength for efficient laser power converter operation over temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Höhn, O.; Walker, A. W.; Bett, A. W.; Helmers, H.

    2016-06-01

    A temperature dependent modeling study is conducted on a GaAs laser power converter to identify the optimal incident laser wavelength for optical power transmission. Furthermore, the respective temperature dependent maximal conversion efficiencies in the radiative limit as well as in a practically achievable limit are presented. The model is based on the transfer matrix method coupled to a two-diode model, and is calibrated to experimental data of a GaAs photovoltaic device over laser irradiance and temperature. Since the laser wavelength does not strongly influence the open circuit voltage of the laser power converter, the optimal laser wavelength is determined to be in the range where the external quantum efficiency is maximal, but weighted by the photon flux of the laser.

  14. Design Low Power Encoder for Threshold Inverter Quantization Based Flash ADC Converter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mamta Gurjar

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Analog-to-Digital converters are the useful component in signal processing and communication system. In the digital signal processing low power and low voltage becomes a considerable component in that are challenging for designing high speed devices and converters. This paper describes the ultra high speed ADC design with a fat tree encoder that became highly suitable and accurate. Speed becomes the important part that enhanced by component of 2 guidelines of fat tree encoder. This paper also describes the implementation of TIQ based comparator that exhibits low power consumption as compared to other comparator based design. A 3 bit ADC has been designed and simulated in CMOS 45 nm technology with input voltage range of 0 V to 0.7 V. The simulated and analysed results shows low power and a high speed performance for optimised ADC

  15. Robust Fuzzy-Second Order Sliding Mode based Direct Power Control for Voltage Source Converter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Kairous

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on a second order sliding mode based direct power controller (SOSM-DPC of a three-phase grid-connected voltage source converter (VSC. The proposed control scheme combined with fuzzy logic aims at regulating the DC-link voltage of the converter and precisely tracking arbitrary power references, in order to easily control the system’s power factor. Therefore measures are proposed to reduce the chattering effects inherent to sliding-mode control (SMC. Simulations performed under Matlab/Simulink validate the feasibility of the designed Fuzzy-SOSM. Simulation results on a 1kVA grid-connected VSC under normal and faulted grid voltage conditions demonstrate good performance of the proposed control law in terms of robustness, stability and precision.

  16. Conducted EMI Modeling and Mitigation for Power Converters and Motor Drives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, J.

    2012-05-01

    The increasing use of power electronics in aircraft power systems to enable new, more-electric aircraft (MEA) functions has also led to increasing EMI emission. EMI filters may account for more than 50% of the overall volume and weight of high-power converters such as variable-speed motor drives. The traditional approach to mitigating EMI requires functional prototypes and EMI measurements before filter design can start. Such an empirical, EMI-last approach results in designs that are suboptimal at best and is a major cause for schedule delay and disruption. This paper reviews recent research on EMI modeling and system solutions to EMI, empha- sizing conducted emission of three-phase converters and variable-speed drives that dominate system EMI filtering requirements. The goal is to enable a concurrent-EMI design approach and to develop optimal system solutions that minimize the overall volume and size.

  17. The polyphase resonant converter modulator for pulse power and plasma applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reass, W. A. (William A.); Baca, D. M. (David M.); Doss, James D.; Gribble, R. (Robert F.); North, W. R.

    2002-01-01

    This paper describes a new technique to generate high voltage pulses (100 kV and up) with high peak power (10 MW and up) and high average power (1 MW and up) from a low voltage input source (e.g. +/- 1.2 kV). This technology is presently being used to provide cathode pulse modulation for the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) accelerator klystron RF amplifiers, which operate to 140 kV 11 MW peak power and 1.1 MW average power. The design of the modulator, referred to as the Polyphase Resonant Converter-Modulator takes advantage of high-power component advances, in response to the needs of the traction motor industry (in particular, railroad locomotives), such as Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistors (IGBT's) and self-clearing metallized hazy polypropylene capacitors. In addition, the use of amorphous nanocrystalline transformer core alloy permits high frequency voltage and current transformation with low loss and small size. Other unique concepts embodied in the converter-modulator topology are polyphase resonant voltage multiplication and resonant rectification. These techniques further reduce size and improve electrical efficiency. Because of the resonant conversion techniques, electronic 'crowbars' and other load protective networks are not required. A shorted load detunes the circuit resonance and little power transfer can occur. This yields a high-power, high-voltage system that is inherently self-protective. To provide regulated output voltages, Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) of the individual IGBT pulses is used. A Digital signal Processor (DSP) is used to control the IGBT's, with adaptive feed forward and feedback control algorithms that improve pulse fidelity. The converter-modulator has many attributes that make it attractive to various pulse power and plasma applications such as high power RF sources, neutral beam modulators, and various plasma applications. This paper will review the design as used for the SNS accelerator and speculate on

  18. The polyphase resonant converter modulator for pulse power and plasma applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes a new technique to generate high voltage pulses (100 kV and up) with high peak power (10 MW and up) and high average power (1 MW and up) from a low voltage input source (e.g. +/- 1.2 kV). This technology is presently being used to provide cathode pulse modulation for the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) accelerator klystron RF amplifiers, which operate to 140 kV 11 MW peak power and 1.1 MW average power. The design of the modulator, referred to as the Polyphase Resonant Converter-Modulator takes advantage of high-power component advances, in response to the needs of the traction motor industry (in particular, railroad locomotives), such as Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistors (IGBT's) and self-clearing metallized hazy polypropylene capacitors. In addition, the use of amorphous nanocrystalline transformer core alloy permits high frequency voltage and current transformation with low loss and small size. Other unique concepts embodied in the converter-modulator topology are polyphase resonant voltage multiplication and resonant rectification. These techniques further reduce size and improve electrical efficiency. Because of the resonant conversion techniques, electronic 'crowbars' and other load protective networks are not required. A shorted load detunes the circuit resonance and little power transfer can occur. This yields a high-power, high-voltage system that is inherently self-protective. To provide regulated output voltages, Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) of the individual IGBT pulses is used. A Digital signal Processor (DSP) is used to control the IGBT's, with adaptive feed forward and feedback control algorithms that improve pulse fidelity. The converter-modulator has many attributes that make it attractive to various pulse power and plasma applications such as high power RF sources, neutral beam modulators, and various plasma applications. This paper will review the design as used for the SNS accelerator and speculate on related plasma

  19. The Application of Stationary VOC-PR with PLL for Grid side Converter-based Wind Power Generation System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guo, Yougui; Zeng, Ping; Li, Lijuan; Deng, Wenlang; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2010-01-01

    Voltage oriented control PR is combined with space vector modulation and phase locked loop to control the grid side converter in wind power generation system in this paper. First the mathematical models of grid side converter and LCL filter as well as grid are given. Then the control strategy of...... grid side converter-based wind power generation system is given in detail. Finally the simulation model consisting of the grid side converter wind power generation system is set up. The simulation results have verified that the control strategy is feasible to be used for control of gird currents...

  20. POPS: the 60MW power converter for the PS accelerator: Control strategy and performances

    CERN Document Server

    Boattini, Fulvio; Skawinski, Gregory

    2015-01-01

    The main power supply of Proton-Synchrotron (PS) accelerator is one of the biggest at CERN. The old rotating machine system has been replaced with a new NPC based DC/DC power supply named POPS (Power system for PS main magnets) with capacitor banks as energy storage mean. POPS is in operation since February 2011. The operation of the PS accelerator requires a specific design of the control system with very high performance requirements in term of accuracy and precision. This paper describes the main lines of the control strategies analyzing the problems encountered and the solutions adopted. The performances of the converter are presented throughout the paper.

  1. Multi-buoy Wave Energy Converter : Electrical Power Smoothening from Array Configuration

    OpenAIRE

    Jansson, Elisabet

    2016-01-01

    This master thesis is done within the Energy Systems Engineering program at Uppsala University and performed for CorPower Ocean. Wave energy converters (WECs) are devices that utilize ocean waves for generation of electricity. The WEC developed by CorPower Ocean is small and intended to be deployed in an array. Placed in an array the different WECs will interact hydrodynamically and the combined power output is altered. The aim of this thesis is to model and investigate how the array configur...

  2. GRID-CONNECTECD DOUBLE-STAGE AC-AC POWER CONVERTER FOR CSP RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS

    OpenAIRE

    Sorrentino, Vincenzo

    2015-01-01

    In the last years the renewable energy sources have known a state of their advanced diffusion considering their advantages compared to the traditional energy sources like fossil fuels. For this reason the combined heat and power (CHP) plant fueled by renewable sources are widely used. The purpose of this Ph.D. thesis is the design of a new Grid-connected Double-Stage AC-DC/DC-AC Power Converter (DSACPC) for a Concentrating Solar plant for Combined generation of Heat and Power (CS-CHP), th...

  3. Design Optimization Methodology for Power Converters based on Global Energy Requirement Criteria. Application to a Flyback DC-DC Structure

    OpenAIRE

    Jaouen, Cédric; Multon, Bernard; Barruel, Franck

    2011-01-01

    This paper discusses a design methodology for power electronic converters according to the Global Energy Requirement (GER) criterion, i.e. the primary energy consumption over their entire life cycle. For given specifications of the converter, each power component of a self-oscillating flyback converter and the main control parameters are optimized using scaling laws for given technologies. Models linking sizes of components, loss parameters and embodied energy parameters are presented. Finall...

  4. A Simple Load Power Estimator For Quasi-Direct AC-AC Converter System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian GAICEANU

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper a simple load power estimator for the three-phase quasi-direct acac converter system is reported. Since the ac-ac converter control by means of pulsewidth modulation (PWM is based on the power balance concept, its load power should be known. Two control boards, based on the dSMC (digital Smart Motion Controller 30 MIPS 32-bit fixed-point digital signal processor (DSP, were involved in the ac-ac system driving. By using the power balance control, the DC link voltage variation at the load changes can be reduced. In this way a small DC link capacitor is required to handle the dc voltage error control. The feed-forward (Sul and Lipo, 1990 current component provides fast correction of the reference control to load power variation. In order to obtain the feed-forward current component, the load power must to be known. In this paper the load power is estimated from the dc link, indirectly, through a dc load current estimator. In this way the author overcomes the use of the serial communication between control boards (Gaiceanu, 2004 in order to deliver the load power information from the inverter side. The load current estimator is based on the DC link voltage and on the load current of the supply converter. This method presents certain advantages instead of using measured method, which requires a low pass filter: no time delay, the feed-forward current component has no ripple, no additional hardware, and more fast control response. Through simulation and experimental results the performances of the proposed load current estimator scheme are demonstrated.

  5. Multi-Input Converter with MPPT Feature for Wind-PV Power Generation System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chih-Lung Shen

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A multi-input converter (MIC to process wind-PV power is proposed, designed, analyzed, simulated, and implemented. The MIC cannot only process solar energy but deal with wind power, of which structure is derived from forward-type DC/DC converter to step-down/up voltage for charger systems, DC distribution applications, or grid connection. The MIC comprises an upper modified double-ended forward, a lower modified double-ended forward, a common output inductor, and a DSP-based system controller. The two modified double-ended forwards can operate individually or simultaneously so as to accommodate the variation of the hybrid renewable energy under different atmospheric conditions. While the MIC operates at interleaving mode, better performance can be achieved and volume also is reduced. The proposed MIC is capable of recycling the energy stored in the leakage inductance and obtaining high step-up output voltage. In order to draw maximum power from wind turbine and PV panel, perturb-and-observe method is adopted to achieve maximum power point tracking (MPPT feature. The MIC is constructed, analyzed, simulated, and tested. Simulations and hardware measurements have demonstrated the feasibility and functionality of the proposed multi-input converter.

  6. Special Tests for the Power Electronic Converters of Wind Turbine Generators

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Helle, Lars; Senturk, Osman Selcuk; Teodorescu, Remus

    2011-01-01

    -level medium-voltage source converter topologies, of the 3L-ANPC-VSC and 3L-HB-VSC type, are considered in the paper. Both converters employ press-pack IGBT-diode pairs and interface a 6 MW wind turbine to a medium voltage grid. The power loss and thermal model data applicable for both grid and generator......-side VSCs is used to estimate the switch junction temperatures through the simulation of wind turbine grid interface operation. A discussion of the power density and reliability of the grid-side VSCs with respect to press-pack switches, gate driver, and cooling plate is included. A test set-up for a single...

  7. Converting the Barsebaeck Plant from nuclear power to natural gas combined cycle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The technical and economic possibilities for converting the Barsebaeck plant to a natural gas fired combined-cycle plant are investigated. It is presumed that the existing steam cycle can be used with very small alterations, and that the total electric power output will remain unchanged. The result of the study shows that a conversion is possible, a system comprising five large gas turbines and an externally fired waste heat boiler in combination with the existing steam turbines would give a thermal efficiency above 48 percent and a preserved electric power of 1250 MWe. In this solution, only one of the two nuclear plants is used. The economic evaluation gives an advantage to the converted plant compared to a new plant, even in the case of base load operation. 14 refs, 21 figs, 11 tabs

  8. Structural Reliability Methods for Wind Power Converter System Component Reliability Assessment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kostandyan, Erik; Sørensen, John Dalsgaard

    2012-01-01

    Wind power converter systems are essential subsystems in both off-shore and on-shore wind turbines. It is the main interface between generator and grid connection. This system is affected by numerous stresses where the main contributors might be defined as vibration and temperature loadings. The...... temperature variations induce time-varying stresses and thereby fatigue loads. A probabilistic model is used to model fatigue failure for an electrical component in the power converter system. This model is based on a linear damage accumulation and physics of failure approaches, where a failure criterion is...... defined by the threshold model. The attention is focused on crack propagation in solder joints of electrical components due to the temperature loadings. Structural Reliability approaches are used to incorporate model, physical and statistical uncertainties. Reliability estimation by means of structural...

  9. Investigation Converter Circuit «Voltage-Current» for Power Calibrator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fomichev, Yu M.; Silushkin, S. V.; Larioshina, I. A.

    2016-01-01

    The paper presents alternative circuits for voltage-current converters to be used in the calibrator of fictitious power. The experimental studies have revealed a number of problems related to the stability of the system in deep feedback and zero level stabilization of the amplifier. The circuit solutions given in the article allow elimination of these problems and improve the accuracy of calibrator current calibration. For example, correction/corrective circuits are used to ensure the stability of the converter at deep depths of the feedback, and operational amplifier based circuit solution and compensation condition are proposed to reduce the additional phase shift. To improve the accuracy of the calibration current values specified by the calibrator we propose to connect the feedback circuit to the measuring current transformer. However, further improvement of the accuracy class of the power calibrator is impossible without modern electronic components.

  10. A RESEARCH TO HIGH-PERFORMANCE MULTI-LEVEL SINGLEPHASE AC/DC POWER FACTOR CORRECT SWITCHING CONVERTER

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao Chao

    2008-01-01

    This letter studies and analyzes the working features of main circuit of tri-level boost Power Factor Correct (PFC) converter and the advantages of tri-level switch converter in aspects of bearing high-voltage of power components,overall system loss and magnetic component selection based upon the single-level boost PFC switch converter. Besides,relying on the application of mi-croprocessor in power converter technology and DSP (Digital Signal Processing) chip's strong cal-culating capacity,the letter presents the adoption of modified scheme of tri-level boost PFC converter under the control of predictive control algorithm. Moreover,the operating principle and control method are specified,the results of circuit test and analysis are provided and the advantages of pre-dictive control technology-based multi-level boost PFC converter is verified.

  11. Design of Three Phase Matrix Converter AC-AC Utility Power Supply using SPWM Technique

    OpenAIRE

    Sagar.S.Pawar; Prakash.T.Patil

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes the control analysis and design of an three phase matrix AC-AC utility power supply .The SPWM modulation techniques is used to control the desired output voltage and gives the control output voltage and reduced input harmonic distortions .In this Matrix converter Input is directly connected to output no DC link components is required. Simulation had been done using mat lab simulink and Simulated results are observed

  12. Design of Three Phase Matrix Converter AC-AC Utility Power Supply using SPWM Technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sagar. S. Pawar

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the control analysis and design of an three phase matrix AC-AC utility power supply .The SPWM modulation techniques is used to control the desired output voltage and gives the control output voltage and reduced input harmonic distortions .In this Matrix converter Input is directly connected to output no DC link components is required. Simulation had been done using mat lab simulink and Simulated results are observed

  13. Demonstration of ripple-based index for predicting fast-scale instability in switching power converters

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Vilamitjana, Enric; Alarcón Cot, Eduardo José; El Aroudi, Abdelali

    2009-01-01

    In this paper a simplified model based on the exact discrete-time map of a buck switching power converter with proportional control, which captures all its dynamics, allows deriving a closed-form stability condition for predicting fast-scale instability boundary. This condition analytically demonstrates the validity of the recently proposed ripple-based index to predict fast-scale period-doubling, hitherto based on an a priori hypothesis and simulation validation, thereby demonstrating ...

  14. Control of power electronic converters for the operation of wind generation

    OpenAIRE

    Junyent Ferré, Adrià

    2011-01-01

    The present PhD thesis analyzes the modelling and control of the two main topologies of large scale variable speed wind turbines, the doubly fed induction generator and the permanent magnet synchronous generator wind turbines, to operate under different types of voltage sags. The first part of the thesis deals with the modelling of the wind turbine from the mechanics to the different types of generators and the power converter. The second part deals with the control of the wind turbine. First...

  15. Top-down methodology employing hardware description languages (HDLs) for designing digital control in power converters

    OpenAIRE

    Laguna Ruiz, Leonardo; Prieto López, Roberto; Oliver Ramírez, Jesús Angel; Cobos Márquez, José Antonio

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents a research line oriented to develop methodologies that takes advantage of hardware description languages in order to simplify the design of power converters that employ digital control techniques. The methodology focuses on setting the adequate communications among subsystems in order to simplify the change of the levels of abstraction of the subsystem’s models (from the conceptual level to the actual electric + synthesizable code). Changing the level of abstraction in the...

  16. An adaptive digital controller for satellite medium power DC/DC converter

    OpenAIRE

    Skup, Konrad R.; Grudziński, Paweł; Orleański, Orleański

    2011-01-01

    In this paper the work concerning an adaptive digital controller for satellite medium power DC/DC converters is presented. The adaptive techniques and methods developed in Space Research Centre allows an implemented in VHDL controller to modify its parameters according to detected changes in operating conditions. Inductor entering from discontinuous to continuous current mode and vice versa or moving sampling instants due to changes in duty time are good examples of varying operation...

  17. LIMITS OF THE QUASI-STATIC APPROACH FOR CALCULATING RADIATED EMISSION FROM POWER ELECTRONICS CONVERTERS

    OpenAIRE

    Moez, Youssef; Yousef, Ibrahim

    2015-01-01

    With the increase of switching frequencies in power electronics converters, the range validity of circuit models must be more and more larger. A useful method for interconnect modeling is the Partial Element Equivalent Circuit technique. The model given by this technique can be combined with other circuit models (like transistors) into an input circuit for a circuit simulator. This technique can be used when the quasi-static hypothesis is verified. In the other case, this technique can be ext...

  18. Single-stage active clamp power factor correction AC/DC converter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    A simple single-stage AC/DC converter circuit with active clamp is presented. The operation theory and state are analyzed. The experimental results show that the voltage across main switch can be clamped to a certain value, and zero voltage switching (ZVS) can be achieved. The voltage stress and switching loss are both decreased. In range of the whole load, power factors can be always more than 97%, and the highest efficiency can reach 88%.

  19. Steady-State Analysis of Switching Power Converters via Augmented Time-Invariant Equivalents

    OpenAIRE

    Stievano, Igor Simone; Trinchero, Riccardo; Canavero, Flavio

    2014-01-01

    This letter addresses the simulation of the steadystate response of switching power converters. The proposed approach is based on the interpretation of the voltage and current variables of a periodically switched linear circuit in terms of a series expansion and on the generation of augmented timeinvariant constitutive relations of the circuit elements. The circuit solution is obtained from an augmented time-invariant nodal equation generated from topological information and circuit inspectio...

  20. MOS-FET as a Current Sensor in Power Electronics Converters

    OpenAIRE

    Rok Pajer; Miro Milanoviĉ; Branko Premzel; Miran Rodiĉ

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a current sensing principle appropriate for use in power electronics’ converters. This current measurement principle has been developed for metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor (MOS-FET) and is based on U D S voltage measurement. In practice, shunt resistors and Hall effect sensors are usually used for these purposes, but the presented principle has many advantages. There is no need for additional circuit elements within high current paths, causing parasitic i...

  1. A power-based perspective in modeling and control of switched power converters [Past and Present

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jeltsema, D.; Scherpen, J. M. A.

    2007-01-01

    Nonlinear passivity-based control (PBc) algorithms for switched converters have proven to be an interesting alternative to most linear, control techniques. A possible drawback though of PBC is that it relies on a (partial) system inversion. This usually results in indirect regulations schemes to con

  2. Optimization of Power Dissipation in Pipelined Analog-to-Digital Converter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐江涛; 姚素英; 赵毅强; 张为; 李树荣; 张生才

    2004-01-01

    Power optimization for pipelined analog-to-digital converter(ADC) was studied. Operational principle of pipelined ADC was discussed and noise voltage caused by two important thermal noise sources, sampling switch and amplifier,was quantitatively analyzed. Method used to minimize power and the values under simple model were presented. Power can be saved by making the sampling and feedback capacitors scale down in the pipeline.And the size of capacitors was limited by thermal noise in high resolution ADC.The equivalent circuits of the two important thermal noise sources were established.Thermal noise was optimally distributed among the pipeline stages,and the relationship between scaling factor and closed loop gain was obtained for minimum power dissipation.Typical closed loop gain was 2 or 4 in pipeline ADC, and the corresponding scaling factor was 1.217 and 1.317.These results can serve as useful guidelines for designers to minimize the ADC's power consumption.

  3. Small-Signal Stability of Wind Power System With Full-Load Converter Interfaced Wind Turbines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knüppel, Thyge; Nielsen, Jørgen Nygaard; Jensen, Kim Høj; Dixon, Andrew; Østergaard, Jacob

    2012-01-01

    presented which assesses the impact of full-load converter interfaced wind turbines on power system small-signal stability. The study is based on a 7 generator network with lightly damped inter-area modes. A detailed wind turbine (WT) model with all grid relevant control functions is used in the study. The......Small-signal stability analysis of power system oscillations is a well established field within power system analysis, but not much attention has yet been paid to systems with a high penetration of wind turbines and with large wind power plants (WPP). In this paper a comprehensive analysis is...... WT is, furthermore, equipped with a park level WPP voltage controller and comparisons are presented. The WT model for this work is a validated dynamic model of the 3.6 MW Siemens Wind Power WT. The study is based on modal analysis which is complemented with time domain simulations on the nonlinear...

  4. Investigation and Optimisation of a Discrete Fluid Power PTO-system for Wave Energy Converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Anders Hedegaard

    recently focused research on improving the power take off (PTO) system converting the mechanical motion of the floats into electricity. This has brought attention to discrete fluid power (DFP) technology, especially secondary controlled common pressure rail systems. A novel discrete PTO-system has been...... proposed and found feasible for the Wavestar WEC. However, with a technology shift from a continuous to a discrete fluid power PTO-system, new challenges emerge. The current project investigates and optimises the novel discrete fluid power PTO-system proposed for the Wavestar WEC. Initiating from an...... investigation of energy extraction by WECs utilising a discrete PTO force, an investigation of the system configuration is conducted. Hence, the configuration of the multi-chamber cylinder and the common pressure rails are investigated for the discrete fluid power force system. A method for choosing the system...

  5. Conceptual Trade Study of General Purpose Heat Source Powered Stirling Converter Configurations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turpin, J. B.

    2007-01-01

    This Technical Manual describes a parametric study of general purpose heat source (GPHS) powered Stirling converter configurations. This study was performed in support of MSFC s efforts to establish the capability to perform non-nuclear system level testing and integration of radioisotope power systems. Six different GPHS stack configurations at a total of three different power levels (80, 250, and 500 W(sub e) were analyzed. The thermal profiles of the integrated GPHS modules (for each configuration) were calculated to determine maximum temperatures for comparison to allowable material limits. Temperature profiles for off-nominal power conditions were also assessed in order to better understand how power demands from the Stirling engine impact the performance of a given configuration.

  6. Analysis of Parallel Topology for Active Power Factor Correction Using Single and Dual Mode Boost Converters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md. Mosfiqur Rahaman

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The ratio between real or average power and apparent power known as power factor has a high impact on power system industries. Efficient usage of the real power is very indicative in developing a power system. With the profusely development of technology in power semiconductor devices, the rate of using power electronic systems has expanded to new and wide application range that include residential, commercial, aerospace and other systems. In the nonlinear system, loads are the main source of harmonics. So that nonlinear behavior puts a question mark on their high efficiency. The current drawn by power electronic interfaces from the line is distorted resulting in a high total Harmonic Distortion and low p.f. this creates adverse effects on the power system include increased magnitudes of neutral currents in three phase systems, overheating in transformers and induction motors. This paper aims to develop a circuit for PFC by using active filtering approach by implementing two (single & dual boost converters arranged in parallel, for improving circuit quality and switching loss. This work actually involves simulation of basic power electronic circuit and it starts with simple circuit with a gradual increase in complexity by inclusion of new components and their subsequent effect on current and voltage wave forms. We focused to improve the condition of input current waveforms for making it sinusoidal by tuning the circuits.

  7. SWITCH MODE PULSE WIDTH MODULATED DC-DC CONVERTER WITH MULTIPLE POWER TRANSFORMERS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2009-01-01

    A switch mode pulse width modulated DC-DC power converter comprises at least one first electronic circuit on a input side (1) and a second electronic circuit on a output side (2). The input side (1) and the output side (2) are coupled via at least two power transformers (T1, T2). Each power...... transformer (T1, T2) comprises a first winding (T1a, T2a) arranged in a input side converter stage (3, 4) on the input side (1) and a second winding (T1 b, T2b) arranged in a output side converter stage (5) on the output side (2), and each of the windings (T1a, T1 b, T2a, T2b) has a first end and a second end...... switches being adapted to switch the current through the first winding (T1 a, T2a) between a first ON-state, a first OFF-state, a second ON-state with a polarity opposite to the first ON-state, and a second OFF-state, and/or being adapted to provide rectified current to the terminals (AO, A1) wherein the...

  8. A Standalone Solar Photovoltaic Power Generation using Cuk Converter and Single Phase Inverter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verma, A. K.; Singh, B.; Kaushika, S. C.

    2013-03-01

    In this paper, a standalone solar photovoltaic (SPV) power generating system is designed and modeled using a Cuk dc-dc converter and a single phase voltage source inverter (VSI). In this system, a dc-dc boost converter boosts a low voltage of a PV array to charge a battery at 24 V using a maximum power point tracking control algorithm. To step up a 24 V battery voltage to 360 V dc, a high frequency transformer based isolated dc-dc Cuk converter is used to reduce size, weight and losses. The dc voltage of 360 V is fed to a single phase VSI with unipolar switching to achieve a 230 Vrms, 50 Hz ac. The main objectives of this investigation are on efficiency improvement, reduction in cost, weight and size of the system and to provide an uninterruptible power to remotely located consumers. The complete SPV system is designed and it is modeled in MATLAB/Simulink. The simulated results are presented to demonstrate its satisfactory performance for validating the proposed design and control algorithm.

  9. Predictive direct power control for photovoltaic grid connected system: An approach based on multilevel converters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • The paper presents a new control method of a photovoltaic grid connected system. • The control strategy is simple, no need for regulators or modulation techniques. • The control method uses a cost function to be minimized for each voltage vector. • Once the strategy is approved, a multilevel inverter is used to improve the results. - Abstract: The paper presents an improved predictive power control for a photovoltaic conversion chain connected to a grid based on finite states space model of the converter. The proposed control algorithm selects the switching state of the inverter that minimizes the error between active and reactive power predictions to their computed values for all different voltage vectors. The optimal voltage vector that minimizes a cost function is then applied to the output of the power converter. Once the proposed predictive strategy is validated, a multilevel converter is then used to improve and highlight the obtained results. The proposed predictive control strategy uses only one sample time prediction and it is very intuitive since it is very simple and provides best performances compared to other modulation techniques

  10. An Observer-Based Finite Control Set Model Predictive Control for Three-Phase Power Converters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tao Liu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Finite control set model predictive control (FCS-MPC for three-phase power converters uses a discrete mathematical model of the power converter to predict the future current value for all possible switching states. The circuit parameters and measured input currents are necessary components. For this reason, parameter error and time delay of current signals may degrade the performance of the control system. In the previous studies of the FCS-MPC, few articles study these aspects in detail and almost no method is proposed to avoid these negative influences. This paper, first, investigates the negative impacts of inductance inaccuracy and AC-side current distortion due to the time delay caused by filter on FCS-MPC system. Then, it proposes an observer-based FCS-MPC approach with which the inductance error can be corrected, the current signal’s time delay caused by filter can be compensated, and therefore the performance of FCS-MPC will be improved. At last, as an example, it illustrates the effectiveness of the proposed approach with experimental testing results for a power converter.

  11. Single stage single phase active power factor corrected Ĉuk Topology Based AC-DC Converter

    OpenAIRE

    Md. Ismail Hossain

    2014-01-01

    This paper focuses on the analysis of a power factor correction (PFC) converter using close loop Ĉuk topology. Regardless of the input line voltage and output load variations, input current drawn by the buck or buck-boost converter is always discontinuous. The Boost converter suffers from high voltage stresses across the power electronic devices. The input current in Ĉuk converter is comparable to boost converter’s input current. In this paper output voltage is controlled by inner cur...

  12. A new DC/AC boost transformerless converter in application of photovoltaic power generation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wei, Mo; Loh, Poh Chiang; Blaabjerg, Frede

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a new DC/AC boost transformerless converter in the applications of photovoltaic (PV) power generation. A new circuit topology of single phase full bridge power inverter with additional DC/DC boost stage is proposed. The proposed topology overcomes two commonly existing...... shortcomings of transformerless PV system: namely one, the voltage generated sometimes low and insufficient to fulfill the load requirement; and two, there always leakage current flowing through parasitic capacitance between PV panel and ground. This configuration helps to boost the voltage at the PV side, and...

  13. A low-power piecewise linear analog to digital converter for use in particle tracking

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes a low-power piecewise linear A/D converter. A 5MHz at sign 5V with 25mW power consumption prototype has been implemented in a 1.5microm CMOS process. The die area excluding pads is 5mm2. 11-bit absolute accuracy is obtained with a new DC offset plus charge injection compensation technique used in the comparators scheme. This ADC with large dynamic range and high resolution is developed for the readout of a tracker and/or preshower in the future LHC experiments

  14. Novel catalytic converter for natural gas powered diesel engines to meet stringent exhaust emission regulations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zheng, M.; Mirosh, E.A. [Alternative Fuel Systems Inc. (Canada); Matros, Yu.S.; Bunimovich, G.A.; Strots, V.O. [Matros Technologies Inc. (United States); Sallamie, N.; Checkel, M.D. [Alberta Univ. (Canada); Windawi, H. [Johnson Matthey (United States)

    1998-12-31

    The implementation of stringent exhaust emission regulations has led to the development of natural gas powered dual fuel systems with electronic multiport injection. The high compression ratio of the baseline diesel engine was maintained to keep the high thermal efficiency of diesel cycles. The dual fuel system is mainly powered by natural gas and ignited by a diesel pilot. Extensive experimental results indicate that the diesel dual fuel system provides simultaneous reductions in NO{sub x} and particulate emissions. The system also has low exhaust THC and CO under heavy-duty operations. With the combined use of exhaust gas recirculation and catalytic converter, low emission operation has been extended to a larger range, from medium to full loads for all testing speeds. However, conventional converters exhibit poor conversion efficiency at low engine loads due to the low exhaust temperature levels. This leads to increased exhaust emissions during low load operations, especially for the non-reactive hydrocarbons, specifically, methane. To solve this problem, a novel automotive exhaust gas aftertreatment system - the reversing flow catalytic converter - has been developed. The prototype Reversing Flow Converter (RFC) consists of a diversion flow valve and a catalytic monolith converter. The diversion valve periodically re-directs the engine exhaust flow through the catalyst in alternative directions. The duration of flow in each direction is determined by engine operating conditions to obtain an ideal temperature profile along the axis of the monolith. The catalytic converter was designed to have high methane conversion efficiency. Associated techniques, such as retarding fuel injection, exhaust gas recirculation, and the variation of diesel pilot to natural gas ratio, can be used to raise exhaust temperature and bring the catalytic converter to light-off temperatures quicker. Engine dynamometer tests showed that CO conversion rate was above 95% and CH{sub 4

  15. Power Flow Control through a Multi-Level H-Bridge-based Power Converter for Universal and Flexible Power Management in Future Electrical Grids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Iov, Florin; Bifaretti, Steffano; Zanchetta, Pericle;

    2008-01-01

    The paper proposes a novel power conversion system for Universal and Flexible Power Management (UNIFLEX-PM) in Future Electricity Network. The structure is based on three AC-DC converters each one connected to a different grid, (representing the main grid and/or various distributed generation...

  16. Operation and thermal loading of three-level Neutral-Point-Clamped wind power converter under various grid faults

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ma, Ke; Blaabjerg, Frede; Liserre, Marco

    In order to fulfill the continuous growing grid-side demands, the full-scale power converters are becoming more and more popular in the wind power application. Nevertheless, the more severe loading of the power semiconductor devices in the full-scale power converters, especially during Low Voltage...... Ride Through (LVRT) operation under grid faults, may compromise the reliability of the system and consequently further increase its cost. In this paper, the impact of various grid faults on a three-level Neutral-Point-Clamped (3L-NPC) grid-converter in terms of thermal loading of power semiconductor...... devices is highlighted. It has been found that the thermal loading of the phases of the power converter may be uneven and dependent on the different types and severities of grid voltage dips as well as on the chosen control algorithms....

  17. Multiple-DC-Inputs Direct Electric Power Converter D-EPC with DC Power Sources Connected in Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshimoto, Kantaro; Satou, Shou; Maikawa, Kengo; Takahashi, Kouji

    A series-type multiple-dc-inputs direct electric power converter (D-EPC) has been developed. The D-EPC is a multiple-dc-inputs inverter, and it can eliminate the need for a dc/dc converter that is generally used in conventional converter/inverter systems. The original D-EPC has two positive terminals and a negative terminal in common. Each upper arm between the positive terminal and the ac output is built with a bidirectional switch to prevent short circuit. In the series-type D-EPC, the input power sources are connected in series, thus, the number of bidirectional switches can be reduced and the series voltage can be used in the motor drive system. A new pulse width modulation (PWM) generation technique to drive switching devices in the series-type D-EPC has also been developed. Tests have confirmed that the motor can be operated by controlling the power distribution and that a series voltage can be used.

  18. Push-pull converter with energy saving circuit for protecting switching transistors from peak power stress

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mclyman, W. T. (Inventor)

    1981-01-01

    In a push-pull converter, switching transistors are protected from peak power stresses by a separate snubber circuit in parallel with each comprising a capacitor and an inductor in series, and a diode in parallel with the inductor. The diode is connected to conduct current of the same polarity as the base-emitter juction of the transistor so that energy stored in the capacitor while the transistor is switched off, to protect it against peak power stress, discharges through the inductor when the transistor is turned on, and after the capacitor is discharges through the diode. To return this energy to the power supply, or to utilize this energy in some external circuit, the inductor may be replaced by a transformer having its secondary winding connected to the power supply or to the external circuit.

  19. Design of a nonlinear backstepping control strategy of grid interconnected wind power system based PMSG

    Science.gov (United States)

    Errami, Y.; Obbadi, A.; Sahnoun, S.; Benhmida, M.; Ouassaid, M.; Maaroufi, M.

    2016-07-01

    This paper presents nonlinear backstepping control for Wind Power Generation System (WPGS) based Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator (PMSG) and connected to utility grid. The block diagram of the WPGS with PMSG and the grid side back-to-back converter is established with the dq frame of axes. This control scheme emphasises the regulation of the dc-link voltage and the control of the power factor at changing wind speed. Besides, in the proposed control strategy of WPGS, Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) technique and pitch control are provided. The stability of the regulators is assured by employing Lyapunov analysis. The proposed control strategy for the system has been validated by MATLAB simulations under varying wind velocity and the grid fault condition. In addition, a comparison of simulation results based on the proposed Backstepping strategy and conventional Vector Control is provided.

  20. Design of practical sliding-mode controllers with constant switching frequency for power converters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Navarro-Lopez, Eva M. [School of Computer Science, Centre for Interdisciplinary Computational and Dynamical Analysis, The University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Kilburn Building, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Cortes, Domingo [Seccion de Mecatronica, Departamento de Ingenieria Electrica, CINVESTAV-IPN, Av. IPN 2508, Col. San Pedro Zacatenco, 07360 Mexico City (Mexico); Castro, Christian [Centro de Investigacion en Computacion del IPN, Av. Jose Othon de Mendizabal s/n, Col. Nueva Industrial Vallejo, 07738 Mexico City (Mexico)

    2009-05-15

    A novel experimentally motivated method in order to design a family of easy-to-implement sliding-mode controllers for power converters is proposed. Two main results are presented. First, the relation between sliding-mode control and average control is reinterpreted so that the limitation of the switching frequency for the closed-loop system is achieved in a more direct way than other methods so far reported in the literature. For this purpose, a class of sliding surfaces which makes the associated equivalent control be the system average control is proposed. Second, the achievement of a constant switching frequency in the controlled system is assured without requiring the sliding-mode-based controller to be modified, unlike most previous works. As a result, the proposed sliding surfaces-type can be directly implemented via a pulse-width modulator. The control methodology is implemented for the voltage control in a boost converter prototype in which the load is considered unknown. Experimental results confirm high performance and robustness under parameters variation. Furthermore, the solution proposed is easy to implement and well-suited for other power converters. (author)