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Sample records for azines

  1. Azines as histamine H4 receptor antagonists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazewska, Dorota; Kiec-Kononowicz, Katarzyna

    2012-01-01

    Since 2000, when the histamine H4 receptor (H4R) was cloned, it has constituted an interesting target for drug development. Pharmacological studies suggest the potential utility of histamine H4R antagonists/inverse agonists in the treatment of inflammatory diseases, e.g. allergic rhinitis, asthma, atopic dermatitis, colitis, or pruritus. The first H4R ligands were non-selective compounds, but intensive chemical and pharmacological work has led to the discovery of highly potent and selective H4R antagonists (e.g. JNJ7777120, CZC-13788, PF-2988403, A-940894, A-987306). The first compound (UR-63325) has finally entered into clinical studies for the treatment of allergic respiratory diseases (completing the phase I ascending dose trial) and has been found to be safe and well tolerated. The number of scientific publications and patent applications in the H4 field is increasing annually. Among the diverse chemical structures of the H4R antagonists described a 2-aminopyrimidine scaffold is repeatedly found. This review looked at recent advances in the search for H4R antagonists as reflected in patent applications/patents and peer-reviewed publications over the last two years. The work concerns azines (mono-, di-, triazines) and their fused analogues. The chemistry and pharmacology has been described. PMID:22202103

  2. Halogenated salicylaldehyde azines: The heavy atom effect on aggregation-induced emission enhancement properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study investigates the heavy-atom effect (HAE) on aggregation-induced emission enhancement (AIEE) properties of salicylaldehyde azines. For this purpose, a series of halogenated salicylaldehyde azine derivatives, namely, chloro-salicylaldehyde azine (1), bromo-salicylaldehyde azine (2) and iodo-salicylaldehyde azine (3) are synthesized. 1 and 2 display typical AIEE characteristics of salicylaldehyde azine compounds; whereas for the iodo-substituent in 3, is found to be effective “external” heavy atom quenchers to salicylaldehyde azine fluorescence in aggregated state. Based on its weak fluorescence in aggregated state and relative strong fluorescence in dispersed state, 3 can also be applied as a turn-on fluorescence probe for egg albumin detection attributed to hydrophobic interaction. -- Highlights: • This study investigates the heavy-atom effect (HAE) on aggregation-induced emission enhancement (AIEE) properties of salicylaldehyde azines. • Chloro- and bromo-salicylaldehyde display typical AIEE properties of salicylaldehyde azine, whereas the iodo-substitute quenches AIEE in aggregated state. • Iodo-salicylaldehyde can be applied as a turn-on fluorescence probe for egg albumin detection attributed to hydrophobic interaction

  3. Halogenated salicylaldehyde azines: The heavy atom effect on aggregation-induced emission enhancement properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Xiao-tong, E-mail: chenxiaotong@tsinghua.edu.cn [Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Tong, Ai-jun [Key Laboratory of Bioorganic Phosphorus Chemistry and Chemical Biology (Ministry of Education), Department of Chemistry, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)

    2014-01-15

    This study investigates the heavy-atom effect (HAE) on aggregation-induced emission enhancement (AIEE) properties of salicylaldehyde azines. For this purpose, a series of halogenated salicylaldehyde azine derivatives, namely, chloro-salicylaldehyde azine (1), bromo-salicylaldehyde azine (2) and iodo-salicylaldehyde azine (3) are synthesized. 1 and 2 display typical AIEE characteristics of salicylaldehyde azine compounds; whereas for the iodo-substituent in 3, is found to be effective “external” heavy atom quenchers to salicylaldehyde azine fluorescence in aggregated state. Based on its weak fluorescence in aggregated state and relative strong fluorescence in dispersed state, 3 can also be applied as a turn-on fluorescence probe for egg albumin detection attributed to hydrophobic interaction. -- Highlights: • This study investigates the heavy-atom effect (HAE) on aggregation-induced emission enhancement (AIEE) properties of salicylaldehyde azines. • Chloro- and bromo-salicylaldehyde display typical AIEE properties of salicylaldehyde azine, whereas the iodo-substitute quenches AIEE in aggregated state. • Iodo-salicylaldehyde can be applied as a turn-on fluorescence probe for egg albumin detection attributed to hydrophobic interaction.

  4. 4,5-Bis(dimethylamino)quinolines: proton sponge versus azine behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyablo, Olga V; Shmoilova, Elena A; Pozharskii, Alexander F; Ozeryanskii, Valery A; Burov, Oleg N; Starikova, Zoya A

    2012-08-17

    Two first representatives, 5 and 6, of the still unknown 4,5-bis(dimethylamino)quinoline have been synthesized and studied. While the former, being protonated either at the peri-NMe(2) groups or at the ring nitrogen, has been shown to display properties of both a proton sponge and azine, its counterpart 6 behaves exclusively as azine giving only a quinolinium salt. PMID:22860688

  5. Expression of ODC Antizyme Inhibitor 2 (AZIN2 in Human Secretory Cells and Tissues.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiina Rasila

    Full Text Available Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC antizyme inhibitor 2 (AZIN2, originally called ODCp, is a regulator of polyamine synthesis that we originally identified and cloned. High expression of ODCp mRNA was found in brain and testis. We reported that AZIN2 is involved in regulation of cellular vesicle transport and / or secretion, but the ultimate physiological role(s of AZIN2 is still poorly understood. In this study we used a peptide antibody (K3 to human AZIN2 and by immunohistochemistry mapped its expression in various normal tissues. We found high expression in the nervous system, in type 2 pneumocytes in the lung, in megakaryocytes, in gastric parietal cells co-localized with H,K-ATPase beta subunit, in selected enteroendocrine cells, in acinar cells of sweat glands, in podocytes, in macula densa cells and epithelium of collecting ducts in the kidney. The high expression of AZIN2 in various cells with secretory or vesicle transport activity indicates that the polyamine metabolism regulated by AZIN2 is more significantly involved in these events than previously appreciated.

  6. Expression of ODC Antizyme Inhibitor 2 (AZIN2) in Human Secretory Cells and Tissues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasila, Tiina; Lehtonen, Alexandra; Kanerva, Kristiina; Mäkitie, Laura T; Haglund, Caj; Andersson, Leif C

    2016-01-01

    Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) antizyme inhibitor 2 (AZIN2), originally called ODCp, is a regulator of polyamine synthesis that we originally identified and cloned. High expression of ODCp mRNA was found in brain and testis. We reported that AZIN2 is involved in regulation of cellular vesicle transport and / or secretion, but the ultimate physiological role(s) of AZIN2 is still poorly understood. In this study we used a peptide antibody (K3) to human AZIN2 and by immunohistochemistry mapped its expression in various normal tissues. We found high expression in the nervous system, in type 2 pneumocytes in the lung, in megakaryocytes, in gastric parietal cells co-localized with H,K-ATPase beta subunit, in selected enteroendocrine cells, in acinar cells of sweat glands, in podocytes, in macula densa cells and epithelium of collecting ducts in the kidney. The high expression of AZIN2 in various cells with secretory or vesicle transport activity indicates that the polyamine metabolism regulated by AZIN2 is more significantly involved in these events than previously appreciated. PMID:26963840

  7. Tuning interaction in dinuclear ruthenium complexes : HOMO versus LUMO mediated superexchange through azole and azine bridges

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Browne, Wesley; Hage, R; Vos, Johannes G.

    2006-01-01

    In this review the interaction between metal centers in dinuclear complexes based on azole and azine containing bridging ligands is reviewed. The focus of the review is on the manner in which the interaction pathway can be manipulated by variations in the nature of both the direct bridging unit and

  8. Studies on hydrazone and azine derivatives of bis(indenyl)-titanium(IV) and -zirconium(IV)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hydrazone and azine derivatives of bis(indenyl)-titanium(IV) and -zirconium(IV) of the types M(C6H4OCR':NNHR)(C9H7)2Cl and M(C6H4OCR'':NN:CR''OC6H4)(C9H7)2, where M = Ti or Zr, R = H or CH3, R' = H.C6H5 or C6H3(NO2)2 and R'' = H or CH3, have been synthesized by the reaction of bis(indenyl)titanium(IV)/zirconium(IV) dichloride and appropriate hydrazone or azine in equimolar ratio in refluxing tetrahydrofuran. The products have been characterized by chemical analyses, electrical conductance, IR, 1H NMR and electronic spectral studies. (author)

  9. A tunable azine covalent organic framework platform for visible light-induced hydrogen generation

    OpenAIRE

    Vyas, Vijay S.; Haase, Frederik; Stegbauer, Linus; Savasci, Gökcen; Podjaski, Filip; Ochsenfeld, Christian; Lotsch, Bettina V.

    2015-01-01

    Hydrogen evolution from photocatalytic reduction of water holds promise as a sustainable source of carbon-free energy. Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) present an interesting new class of photoactive materials, which combine three key features relevant to the photocatalytic process, namely crystallinity, porosity and tunability. Here we synthesize a series of water- and photostable 2D azine-linked COFs from hydrazine and triphenylarene aldehydes with varying number of nitrogen atoms. The el...

  10. Synthesis and Properties of Oligonucleotides Carrying Isoquinoline Imidazo[1,2-a]azine Fluorescent Units

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez-Rentero, Sonia; Kielland, Nicola; Terrazas, Montserrat; Lavilla, Rodolfo; Eritja Casadellà, Ramón

    2010-01-01

    Oligonucleotides carrying novel fluorescent compounds with a dipolar isoquinoline imidazo[1,2-a]azine core were prepared. Analysis of the melting curves demonstrates that DNA duplexes carrying these fluorescent labels at their ends have a slight increase in DNA duplex stability. The UV absorption and fluorescent properties of the oligonucleotide conjugates were analyzed. The fluorescent label is sensitive to duplex formation, as cooperative melting curves are also observed at 366 nm and fluor...

  11. Synthesis, characterization and x-ray crystal structure of a dimethyltin (IV) dichloride complex of 2-acetylpyridine benzophenone azine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dimethyltin dichloride react with 2-ac ethylpyridine benzophenone azine (apba) in refluxing dry hexane to give (SnMe2 Cl2 (apba)) where the azine ligand acts as a bidentate N-N chelating ligand. The complex has been characterized by IR spectroscopy, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopic data and elemental analyses. The crystal structure of the dimethyltin(IV) derivative has also been determined. Crystals are monoclinic with space group P2(1)/n with cell dimensions: a = 10.1819(3) Armstrong, b = 18.3113(5) Armstrong, c = 12.6451(4) Armstrong

  12. Synthesis and characterizaton of some new coordination compounds of boron with mixed azines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MANISH GODARA

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Some new boron complexes have been synthesized by the reaction of triisopropohxyborane with the mixed azines, prepared by the condensation of salicylaldehyde and hydrazine with aldehydes/ketones in a 1:1:1 mole ratio to give a new series of (OPri2B(NO type of complexes. Their structures were confirmed on the basis of elemental analyses, ultraviolet, infrared, 1H-NMR and 11B-NMR spectral studies. The ligands and their boron complexes were also screened for their antifungal activity. Several of these complexes were found to be quite active in this respect.

  13. Azine/hydrogel/nanotube composite-modified electrodes for NADH catalysis and enzyme immobilization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The development of new, efficient bioelectrodes is important to the improvement of biosensor and biofuel cell technology. NAD-dependent dehydrogenase enzymes represent a diverse field of oxidoreductase enzymes that can be used to create unique biosensors and biofuel cells, but require electrocatalysts to oxidize NADH in order to harvest the electrons efficiently from fuel oxidation. This study presents a new methodology for the co-immobilization of dehydrogenase enzymes, azine-based NADH electrocatalysts, carbon nanotubes, and polymer hydrogels. The easy “one-pot” mixing and casting procedure is shown to produce electrodes that can electro-oxidize NADH at low potentials. In situ electropolymerization of the azine dyes within the composites is shown to improve NADH sensitivity, but harms enzyme activity. Biosensors and biofuel cells are constructed with a model enzyme, glucose dehydrogenase, to show the application of this system in a glucose biosensor and biofuel cell. Glucose biosensors produced limiting current densities of 400 μA/cm2 and glucose/air-breathing biofuel cells produced power densities slightly greater than 100 μW/cm2.

  14. A tunable azine covalent organic framework platform for visible light-induced hydrogen generation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vyas, Vijay S.; Haase, Frederik; Stegbauer, Linus; Savasci, Gökcen; Podjaski, Filip; Ochsenfeld, Christian; Lotsch, Bettina V.

    2015-09-01

    Hydrogen evolution from photocatalytic reduction of water holds promise as a sustainable source of carbon-free energy. Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) present an interesting new class of photoactive materials, which combine three key features relevant to the photocatalytic process, namely crystallinity, porosity and tunability. Here we synthesize a series of water- and photostable 2D azine-linked COFs from hydrazine and triphenylarene aldehydes with varying number of nitrogen atoms. The electronic and steric variations in the precursors are transferred to the resulting frameworks, thus leading to a progressively enhanced light-induced hydrogen evolution with increasing nitrogen content in the frameworks. Our results demonstrate that by the rational design of COFs on a molecular level, it is possible to precisely adjust their structural and optoelectronic properties, thus resulting in enhanced photocatalytic activities. This is expected to spur further interest in these photofunctional frameworks where rational supramolecular engineering may lead to new material applications.

  15. Electronic and optical properties of new synthesized TTF-based azine derivatives - Experimental and theoretical study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayadi, Awatef; Mydlova, Lucia; Zouari, Nabil; Makowska-Janusik, Malgorzata; Sahraoui, Bouchta; El-Ghayoury, Abdelkrim

    2016-06-01

    The synthesis and detailed characterization of two tetrathiafulvalene-appended azine derivatives, namely 2-([2,2‧-bi(1,3-dithiolylidene)]-4-yl)-6-((2,4-dimethylphenyl)hydrazono) methyl)pyridine (L1) and 5-([2,2‧-bi(1,3-dithiolylidene)]-4-yl)-2-((2,4-dimethylphenyl)hydrazono) methyl)pyridine (L2) are described. The crystal structure of ligand L2 indicates that the mentioned molecule is completely planar with the presence of a strong intramolecular N1sbnd H1⋯N3 hydrogen bonding. The quantum chemical calculations show that the intermolecular interaction in crystal structure does not affect the HOMO and LUMO orbitals present in isolated molecule. The optical properties of these ligands indicate the presence of intramolecular charge transfer band in the case of ligand L2 while the electrochemical behavior of the two compounds indicates that they are valuable candidates for the construction of crystalline radical cation salts.

  16. Thermodynamic approach of the poly-azine - f element ions interaction in aqueous conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2-Amino-4,6-di-(pyridine-2-yl)-1,3,5-triazine (Adptz) was considered as a model compound for selective aromatic nitrogen extractants (poly-azines) of minor actinides. Thermodynamic data ( ΔG0, ΔH0, ΔS0) were systematically acquired for the complexation of lanthanide(III) ions as well as yttrium(III) and americium(III) in hydro-alcoholic medium. Two complementary experimental approaches were followed. Stability constants for the formation of the 1:1 complexes were evaluated from UV-visible spectrophotometry titration experiments, whereas enthalpies and entropies of reaction were obtained consistently from either temperature dependence experiments or micro-calorimetry. The interaction of Adptz with lanthanide(III) and yttrium(III) ions was found to be essentially ionic and dependent upon the hydration and size of the ion. As for americium(III) ion, stability constant and enthalpy of complexation was significantly larger. This was attributed to a partial electronic transfer from the ligand to empty orbitals of the cation. DFT calculations support this interpretation. (authors)

  17. Protonation of azines and purines as a model for the electrophilic aromatic substitution - rationalization by triadic formula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vianello, Robert

    2011-09-01

    First gas-phase carbon proton affinities of eleven azines and purines (pyrrole, pyrazole, imidazole, pyridine, pyridazine, pyrimidine, pyrazine, bicyclic purine, pyridine-N-oxide, 2-aminopyrimidine and uracil) were calculated by a composite G3B3 methodology and used to probe their susceptibility to undergo electrophilic aromatic substitution (EAS), taking benzene as a reference molecule. The results revealed excellent agreement with the available experimental data and were interpreted using the triadic approach. We found out that pyrroles, which are more reactive towards EAS reaction than benzene, are stronger carbon bases than the latter compound, whereas pyridines exhibit lower carbon basicity, being at the same time less reactive toward substitution by electrophiles than benzene. In all of the investigated molecules the frontier orbital describing the corresponding p-electron density at the carbon atom to be protonated is HOMO as calculated by the HF/G3large//B3LYP/6-31G(d) level of theory. Our results are in a disagreement with the work by D'Auria (M. D'Auria, Tetrahedron Lett. 2005, 46, 6333-6336; Lett. Org. Chem. 2005, 2, 659-661), who at B3LYP/6-311+G(d, p) level found out that in some of systems investigated here the HOMO orbital is not of -symmetry, which was used to rationalize the lower reactivity of these systems towards EAS. It turned out that energies of HOMO orbitals alone correlate very poorly with carbon proton affinities, unlike the difference in proton affinities between the most basic carbon atom and thermodynamically the most favourable site of protonation, which performs much better. Triadic analysis demonstrated the importance of considering a complete picture of the protonation process and all three terms appearing in the triadic scheme individually when discussing trends in basicity/nucleophilicity of closely related molecules. PMID:24062111

  18. A highly selective colorimetric and "turn-on" fluorimetric chemosensor for detecting CN(-) based on unsymmetrical azine derivatives in aqueous media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, You; Hu, Jing-Han; Qi, Jing; Li, Jian-Bin

    2016-10-01

    A novel highly selective chemosensor S1 for cyanide based on unsymmetrical azine derivative was successfully designed and synthesized, which showed both colorimetric and fluorescence turn-on responses for cyanide ions in aqueous. This structurally simple chemosensor could detect CN(-) anion over other anions in aqueous solution DMSO/H2O (v/v=3:2) undergo deprotonation reaction. Results showed that the chemosensor S1 exhibited 50 fold enhancement in fluorescence at 530nm and showed an obvious change in color from colorless to yellow that could be detected by naked eye under the UV-lamp after the addition of CN(-) in aqueous solution. Moreover, the detection limit on fluorescence response of the sensor to CN(-) is down to 6.17×10(-8)M by titration method. Test strips based on S1 were obtain, which could be used as a convenient and efficient CN(-) test kit to detect CN(-) in aqueous solution. PMID:27261890

  19. A combined experimental and DFT study of a novel unsymmetrical azine 2-(4-methoxybenzylidene)-1-(1-(4-isobutylphenyl) ethylidene) hydrazine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vijaya, P; Sankaran, K R

    2015-03-01

    A novel unsymmetrical azine 2-(4-methoxybenzylidene)-1-(1-(4-isobutylphenyl) ethylidene) hydrazine (UA) was prepared and characterized by IR, (1)H and (13)C NMR spectral studies. A 2D - potential energy scan (PES) of p-isobutylacetophenone (IBAP) was the portal to the conformational analysis of UA by density functional theory (DFT) methods using 6-31G(d,p) basis set by Gaussian 03 program. The theoretical IR frequencies were found to be in good agreement with the experimental values. The IR frequencies of UA were analyzed by means of Potential energy Distribution (PED %) calculation using Vibrational Energy Distribution Analysis (VEDA 4) program. The experimental NMR chemical shift values of UA were compared with the theoretical values obtained by DFT method. Nonlinear optical behavior of the unsymmetrical azine is also examined by the theoretically predicted values of dipole moment (μ), polarizability (α0) and first hyperpolarizability (βtot). Stability of the UA molecule has been analyzed using NBO analysis. The electrochemistry of UA studied experimentally by cyclic voltammetry is complemented by the computational analysis of the anionic form of the molecule UA. The determination of various global and local reactivity descriptors in the context of chemical reactivity is also performed and the electrophilicity at the vital atomic sites in UA is revealed. Bader's Atoms in molecules (AIM) theory of UA indicated the presence of intramolecular hydrogen bonding in the molecule. The molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) and HOMO-LUMO orbital analysis are also performed for the molecule UA. PMID:25528505

  20. Synthesis、Crystal Structure and Optical Properties of O-vanillin Azine%联氮香兰素的合成、晶体结构和光学性质

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田玉鹏; 赵祖志; 周虹屏

    2005-01-01

    The title compound, o-vanillin azine, has been prepared by the reaction of o-vanillin with 0. 5 equivof hydrated hydrazine in ethanol. The new compound (C16H16N2O4, Mr = 300. 31) has been determined by singlecrystal X-ray diffraction method. The crystal belongs to monoclinic, space group P21/n with a = 5. 988 3(6), b =18. 654(2), c = 0. 686 75(7) nm, β = 106. 42(1)°, V= 0. 735 84(13) nm 3, Z = 2, Dc = 1. 355 g/cm3, F(000) = 316 andμ(MoKa) = 0. 099 mm=1 (λ= 0. 071 073 nm), R = 0. 073 6 and wR = 0. 159 5 for 1 292 observed reflections (I > 2σ( I )).%利用在甲醇中香兰素和肼反应合成了目标化合物-联氮香兰素.用单晶X-射线衍射法测定了化合物晶体结构,结果表明化合物晶体为单斜晶系,P21/n空间群,a=0.598 83(6),b=1.865 4(2),c=0.686 75(7)nm,β=106.42(1)°,V=0.73584(13)nm3,Z=2,Dc=1.355 g/cm3,F(000)=316,μ(MoKa)=0.099 mm-1.可观测衍射点1 292个,最终限制因子R=0.0736,ωR=0.159 5.

  1. Ethylene Polymerisation by Ni-Diphosphine Azine Complexes

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Carvalho, M.F.N.N.; Čermák, Jan; Fernandes, A.C.; Ferreira, A.S.; Galvao, A.M.; Matos, I.; Marques, M.M.

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 56, č. 5 (2007), s. 613-620. ISSN 0959-8103 Grant ostatní: POCTI(PT) 45104/EQU/02; IM(PT) BD/10338/2002 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40720504 Source of funding: O - operačné programy ; O - operačné programy Keywords : polymerization * ethylene * catalysis Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 1.557, year: 2007

  2. Selective deuterium exchange of protons of C-methyl groups in azine (mono- and bicyclic pyrimidine) systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1H NMR spectrum of 1,2-dihydro-2-imino-1,4,6-trimethylpyrimidine, registered after addition of CD3ONa, the basic deuterium exchange of protons of only C-methyl groups of pyrimidinium salt proceeded easily, quantitatively and selectively. Similar exchange under the action of CD3ONa was also observed in spectra of annealed pyrimidines 2-methyl(phenyl)-7-amino-4,5-dimethylpyrazolo [1,5-a] pyrimidinium iodides. The basic deuterium exchange was shown to affect protons of only C5-methyl group of pyrimidine. The position of the methyl group subjected to isotope exchange was unambiguously determined by NOESY two-dimensional spectroscopy. Deuterium exchange was also confirmed mass-spectrometrically

  3. Synthesis of A New Class of Pyridazin-3-one and 2-Amino-5-arylazopyridine Derivatives and Their Utility in the Synthesis of Fused Azines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamada Mohamed Ibrahim

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available A general route for the synthesis of a novel class of pyridazin-3-one derivatives 3 by the reaction in acetic anhydride between 3-oxo-2-arylhydrazonopropanals 1 and some active methylene compounds like p-nitrophenylacetic acid and cyanoacetic acid was established. Under these conditions the pyridazin-3-one derivatives 3 were formed as the sole isolable products in excellent yield. The 6-acetyl-3-oxopyridazine derivative 3l was reacted with DMF-DMA to afford the corresponding enaminone derivative 4, which reacts with a variety of aminoazoles to afford the corresponding azolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine derivatives 5–7. Also, in order to explore the viability and generality of a recently uncovered reaction between 3-oxo-2-arylhydrazonopropanals and active methylene compounds, a variety of 2-amino-6-aryl-5-arylazo-3-aroylpyridines 16–19 were prepared by reacting 3-oxo-2-arylhydrazonopropanals with miscellaneous active methylene compounds like 3-oxo-3-phenylpropionitrile, hetaroylacetonitriles and cyanoacetamides. These 2-aminopyridine derivatives undergo smooth reactions with cyanoacetic acid that led to the formation in high yield of a new class of 1,8-naphthyridine derivatives 24. The structures of all new substances prepared in this investigation were determined by the different analytical spectroscopic methods, in addition to the X-ray crystallographic analysis.

  4. Ornithine decarboxylase antizyme inhibitor 2 regulates intracellular vesicle trafficking

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kanerva, Kristiina; Maekitie, Laura T. [Department of Pathology, Haartman Institute, University of Helsinki, Helsinki (Finland); Baeck, Nils [Department of Anatomy, Institute of Biomedicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki (Finland); Andersson, Leif C., E-mail: leif.andersson@helsinki.fi [Department of Pathology, Haartman Institute, University of Helsinki, Helsinki (Finland); HUSLAB, Helsinki (Finland); Department of Oncology and Pathology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm (Sweden)

    2010-07-01

    Antizyme inhibitor 1 (AZIN1) and 2 (AZIN2) are proteins that activate ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), the key enzyme of polyamine biosynthesis. Both AZINs release ODC from its inactive complex with antizyme (AZ), leading to formation of the catalytically active ODC. The ubiquitously expressed AZIN1 is involved in cell proliferation and transformation whereas the role of the recently found AZIN2 in cellular functions is unknown. Here we report the intracellular localization of AZIN2 and present novel evidence indicating that it acts as a regulator of vesicle trafficking. We used immunostaining to demonstrate that both endogenous and FLAG-tagged AZIN2 localize to post-Golgi vesicles of the secretory pathway. Immuno-electron microscopy revealed that the vesicles associate mainly with the trans-Golgi network (TGN). RNAi-mediated knockdown of AZIN2 or depletion of cellular polyamines caused selective fragmentation of the TGN and retarded the exocytotic release of vesicular stomatitis virus glycoprotein. Exogenous addition of polyamines normalized the morphological changes and reversed the inhibition of protein secretion. Our findings demonstrate that AZIN2 regulates the transport of secretory vesicles by locally activating ODC and polyamine biosynthesis.

  5. Host-Guest Interactions in ExBox4+

    CERN Document Server

    Das, Ranjita

    2014-01-01

    The host-guest interaction between benzene or azine with the newly synthesized ExBox4+ complex is studied with the help of DFT. The solvent phase interaction energy is found to decrease with gradual substitution of methine group of guest benzene ring with N atom in the resultant azine@ExBox4+ complex. The nature of bonding interaction is studied with the help of newly developed NCI plot program package along with energy decomposition analysis (EDA) and charge decomposition analysis (CDA). The interaction is mostly pi-type van der Waals interaction.

  6. De vluchtige olie van mentha piperita L. gedurende de ontwikkeling van de plant

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lemli, Joseph Albert Julia Melchior

    1955-01-01

    After a short description of the plant, the culture and the chemical composition of peppermint oil, a method is suggested for the determtnation of the total number of glandular hairs on the leaf. A new colorimetric determination of menthone and menthol, usins 2,4 - dinitr ophenylhy & azine is elabor

  7. Do Magazines' ”Companion Websites” Cannibalize the Demand for the Print Version?

    OpenAIRE

    Kaiser, Ulrich; Kongsted, Hans Christian

    2007-01-01

    We analyze the relationship between website visits, magazine demand and the demand for advertising pages using Granger non-causality tests on the ba- sis of an extensive and externally audited quarterly data set for the German magazine market spanning the period I/1998 to II/2004. We use traditional panel data estimators and an estimator suitable for heterogeneity across mag- azines. We find very robust evidence for positive effects from website visits to circulation. There is no evidence of ...

  8. Potassium (1-methoxycarbonyl-2-methylprop-2-en-2-ylideneazinate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cédric Reuter

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available In the title compound, K+·C6H8NO4−, the K+ cations have a coordination number of seven and are surrounded by four bidentate azinate anions. The methylene groups of the anions are always directed towards the coordinated potassium cations. The N—C—C—C torsion angle is 101.2 (2°. The orthogonal non-conjugated nature of the salt confirms the supposed geometry and reactivity of this compound.

  9. In Situ Characterization of Polymer Matrices for Bio-electrode Applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    B.Y.Liaw; V.Svoboda; M.J.Cooney

    2007-01-01

    1 Results Electropolymerized azines are considered an important group of mediators for NAD+/ NADH-based biocatalytic applications[1].Characterizing these electroactive polymers in situ on electrode surface is vital to understand their behavior and properties.We recently studied the polymer deposition on electrodes using imaging ellipsometry (IE) as an in situ technique[2].The observation of surface morphology development can be conducted in cyclic voltammetric cycles in a nanometer scale.We then combine...

  10. Formulation and In Vitro Evaluation of Silver Sulfadiazine Spray

    OpenAIRE

    Hossein-Ali Ettehadi; Hamid Reza Torabi; Seyed Mohsen Foroutan

    2002-01-01

    In order to improve local therapeutic techniques for the massively burnt patients and to minimize the pain associated with dressing change, the concept of topical film was utilized to formulate a topical antimicrobial spray. The commonly used topical antimicrobial silver sulfadi azine spray was formulat ed as a new drug delivery system. The release of therapeutic agents in vitro from medicated spray formulation was compared with that of the correspondingcream bases, utilizing a modifi ed agar...

  11. Star-Shaped Conjugated Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heiner Detert

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The present review deals with the preparation and the properties of star-shaped conjugated compounds. Three, four or six conjugated arms are attached to cross-conjugated cores, which consist of single atoms (B, C+, N, benzene or azine rings or polycyclic ring systems, as for example triphenylene or tristriazolotriazine. Many of these shape-persistent [n]star compounds tend to π-stacking and self-organization, and exhibit interesting properties in materials science: Linear and non-linear optics, electrical conductivity, electroluminescence, formation of liquid crystalline phases, etc.

  12. Conversion of 3-Carbethoxy-4-methyl Coumarin Derivatives into Several New Annelated Coumarin Derivatives

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BAKEER; HadeerMohammed

    2003-01-01

    The reaction of ethyl esters of 4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-l-benzo(naphtho) pyran.3-carboxylic acids (1) with aromatic aldehy-des in the presence of piperidine yielded 4-styryl-3-carboxami-dopiperidyl connmrin derivatives 4. The reaction of hydrazlne hydrate with 1 gave acetophenone hydrozone derivatives 5 and acetophenone azine derivatives 6. The reaction of 1 with prima-ry amines afforded compomlds 7—9. And the treatment of la with Grignard reagents afforded 3-aroyl-4-methyl coumarin derivatives 10.

  13. Hepatocellular carcinoma: transcriptome diversity regulated by RNA editing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yan; Chen, Leilei; Chan, Tim Hon Man; Guan, Xin-Yuan

    2013-08-01

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) can be envisioned as a prolonged multi-stage process accumulating genetic and epigenetic changes. In the past years, DNA alterations lent us important clues to the comprehension of molecular pathways involved in HCC. However, as an increasing number of RNAs were identified to be subject to A-to-I modifications, it has become apparent that RNA editing might be the causal basis of various human diseases. Recent evidence has strengthened this notion by correlating hyper-edited AZIN1 (antizyme inhibitor 1) protein with HCC onset and the mechanisms that regulate cell transformation. As we continue to demystify it, RNA editing astonishes us with its diverse substrates, esoteric functions, elaborate machinery and complex interaction with HBV/HCV viral infection. In this review, we examine the contribution of A-to-I RNA editing to caner onset/progression and explore its potential implications for cancer treatment advances. PMID:23748106

  14. (2-Arylethenyl)-1,3,5-triazin-2-amines as a novel histamine H4 receptor ligands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamińska, Katarzyna; Ziemba, Julia; Ner, Joanna; Schwed, Johannes Stephan; Łażewska, Dorota; Więcek, Małgorzata; Karcz, Tadeusz; Olejarz, Agnieszka; Latacz, Gniewomir; Kuder, Kamil; Kottke, Tim; Zygmunt, Małgorzata; Sapa, Jacek; Karolak-Wojciechowska, Janina; Stark, Holger; Kieć-Kononowicz, Katarzyna

    2015-10-20

    Within the constantly growing number of histamine H4 (H4R) receptor ligands there is a large group of azine derivatives. A series of novel compounds in the group of 4-methylpiperazine-1,3,5-triazine-2-amines were designed and obtained. Considered structures were modified at the triazine 6-position by introduction of variously substituted arylethenyl moieties. Their affinities to histamine H4 receptors were evaluated in radioligand binding assays with use of Sf9 cells, transiently expressing human H4R. Pharmacological studies results allowed to identify 4-[(E)-2-(3-chlorophenyl)ethenyl]-6-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)-1,3,5-triazin-2-amine (Ki = 253 nM) as the most potent compound in the present series. PMID:26360048

  15. Interactions of aromatic heterocycles with water: the driving force from free-jet rotational spectroscopy and model electrostatic calculations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maris, Assimo; Melandri, Sonia; Miazzi, Marta; Zerbetto, Francesco

    2008-06-23

    The interaction of isolated aromatic nitrogen atoms with water is explored within free jets by using rotational spectroscopy. To the existing data on diazines, we add the case of the 1:1 complex of 1,3,5-triazine and water (where water donates a proton to one of the nitrogen heterocyclic atoms to form a planar adduct). An electrostatic model based on distributed multipoles accurately reproduces the structures of the four azine-water complexes and allows us to understand the forces that stabilize these structures. The applied intermolecular potential allows us to estimate the changes in the thermodynamic functions of the complexes-compared to the separated constituents-and evaluate the temperature at which the complexes are stable under standard conditions. PMID:18470857

  16. Increased generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species initiates selective cytotoxicity against the MCF-7 cell line resultant from redox active combination therapy using copper-thiosemicarbazone complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akladios, Fady N; Andrew, Scott D; Parkinson, Christopher J

    2016-06-01

    The combination of cytotoxic copper-thiosemicarbazone complexes with phenoxazines results in an up to 50-fold enhancement in the cytotoxic potential of the thiosemicarbazone against the MCF-7 human breast adenocarcinoma cell line over the effect attributable to drug additivity-allowing minimization of the more toxic copper-thiosemicarbazone component of the therapy. The combination of a benzophenoxazine with all classes of copper complex examined in this study proved more effective than combinations of the copper complexes with related isoelectronic azines. The combination approach results in rapid elevation of intracellular reactive oxygen levels followed by apoptotic cell death. Normal fibroblasts representative of non-cancerous cells (MRC-5) did not display a similar elevation of reactive oxygen levels when exposed to similar drug levels. The minimization of the copper-thiosemicarbazone component of the therapy results in an enhanced safety profile against normal fibroblasts. PMID:26951232

  17. Intramolecular fixation of t-butyl groups in thiolactim ethers influencing molecular conformation and the packing behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hübscher, Jörg; Gruber, Thomas; Seichter, Wilhelm; Kortus, Jens; Weber, Edwin

    2015-07-01

    Derived from the result of a previous crystallographic study regarding an ethynylene bridged bispyrimidine, the presence of two intramolecular C-H⋯N hydrogen bonding contacts being responsible for a fixation of the terminal t-butylthio units to the azine nitrogens was noticed. Acting as stimulus, a series of different pyridine and pyridazine derivatives also featuring this unusual functionality has been synthesized and structurally studied. In order to support the investigations concerning this particular bonding pattern performed via X-ray structure analysis, calculations based on the density functional theory were carried out. It was found that the formation of the intramolecular hydrogen bonding motif has not only impact on the molecular stability but in some cases also predictably influences the reactivity and the packing behavior of the different heterocycles.

  18. Determination of hydrazine in third loops of China experimental fast reactor by spectrophotometry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The method for the determination of hydrazine by Uv-vis spectrophotometer was proposed. The coloration conditions and instrument parameters were also optimized. In HCl, hydrazine formed a yellow azine with para-dimethyl aminobenzaldehyde ((CH3)2NC6H4CHO), and then determined by spectrophotometer. The complex's maximum absorption was exhibited at 458 nm. The coloration effect was excellent in conditions of 1% HCl, 10 mL para-dimethyl aminobenzaldehyde and 10 minutes' developing time. A good liner relationship was obtained in the range of 5∼200 μg/L, and the recovery was (101.1±1.9)%. This method was used in the third loop of China experimental fast reactor with satisfactory results. (authors)

  19. BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF OXAZINE AND ITS DERIVATIVES: A REVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SINDHU T J

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Oxazine derivatives are an important class of heterocycles, which has attracted much synthetic interest due to their wide range of biological activities. Oxazine is a heterocyclic compound can be formally derived from benzene, and its reduction products, by suitable substitution of carbon (and hydrogen atoms by nitrogen and oxygen. In the last few years oxazine derivatives have proved to be valuable synthetic intermediates and also possess important biological activities like sedative, analgesic, antipyretic, anticonvulsant, antitubercular, antitumour, antimalarial and antimicrobial. In these days, development of drug resistance is a major problem and to overcome this situation, it is necessary to synthesize new classes of compounds. The aim of the article is to review the generalization of the collected data about the synthesis of oxazine derivatives and their activities. We hope that this work will be a definite interest for researchers concerned with azines in generally and oxazines in particular.

  20. Theoretical description of metal-ligand bonding within f-element complexes: A successful and necessary interplay between theory and experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maldivi, P.; Petit, L.; Vetere, V. [CEA Grenoble, Dept. de Recherche Fondamentale sur la Matiere Condensee, Laboratoire de reconnaissance ionique, DRFMC/SCIB (LCIB, UMR E 3 CEA-UJF), 38 (France); Petit, L.; Adamo, C. [Ecole Nationale Superieure de Chimie de Paris, Laboratoire d' electrochimie et de chimie analytique, CNRS UMR-7575, 75 - Paris (France)

    2007-10-15

    The quantum chemical study presented here shows various aspects of the bonding of lanthanide (La{sup 3+}, Gd{sup 3+}) and actinide (U{sup 3+}, Am{sup 3+}, Cm{sup 3+}) ions with N-heterocyclic ligands (poly-azines, BTP: bis(1,2,4-triazinyl)-2,6-pyridine). Several families of complexes, differing by their coordination sphere, have been examined. Clearly, the lanthanide complexes always show a purely ionic bonding. The behaviour of U(III) is also well defined with a more or less strong back bonding interaction whatever the complex is. In contrast, the heavy actinides (Am{sup 3+} and Cm{sup 3+}) are changeable, with a weak covalent character, going from donation to back donation, depending on the coordination sphere of the complex. (authors)

  1. Laboratory Evaluation of the Toxicity of Systemic Insecticides to Emerald Ash Borer Larvae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poland, Therese M; Ciaramitaro, Tina M; McCullough, Deborah G

    2016-04-01

    Emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire) (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), an invasive phloem-feeding insect native to Asia, threatens at least 16 North American ash (Fraxinus) species and has killed hundreds of millions of ash trees in landscapes and forests. We conducted laboratory bioassays to assess the relative efficacy of systemic insecticides to control emerald ash borer larvae in winter 2009 and 2010. Second- and third-instar larvae were reared on artificial diet treated with varying doses of emamectin benzoate (TREE-äge, Arborjet, Inc., Woburn, MA), imidacloprid (Imicide, J. J Mauget Co., Arcadia, CA), dinotefuran (Safari, Valent Professional Products, Walnut Creek, CA), and azadirachtin (TreeAzin, BioForest Technologies, Inc., Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, and Azasol, Arborjet, Inc., Woburn, MA). All of the insecticides were toxic to emerald ash borer larvae, but lethal concentrations needed to kill 50% of the larvae (LC50), standardized by larval weight, varied with insecticide and time. On the earliest date with a significant fit of the probit model, LC50 values were 0.024 ppm/g at day 29 for TREE-äge, 0.015 ppm/g at day 63 for Imicide, 0.030 ppm/g at day 46 for Safari, 0.025 ppm/g at day 24 for TreeAzin, and 0.027 ppm/g at day 27 for Azasol. The median lethal time to kill 50% (LT50) of the tested larvae also varied with insecticide product and dose, and was longer for Imicide and Safari than for TREE-äge or the azadirachtin products. Insecticide efficacy in the field will depend on adult and larval mortality as well as leaf and phloem insecticide residues. PMID:26721288

  2. Development of a microfluidic paper-based analytical device for the determination of salivary aldehydes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramdzan, Adlin N; Almeida, M Inês G S; McCullough, Michael J; Kolev, Spas D

    2016-05-01

    A low cost, disposable and easy to use microfluidic paper-based analytical device (μPAD) was developed for simple and non-invasive determination of total aldehydes in saliva with a potential to be used in epidemiological studies to assess oral cancer risk. The μPAD is based on the colour reaction between aldehydes (e.g. acetaldehyde, formaldehyde), 3-methyl-2-benzothiazolinone hydrazone (MBTH) and iron(III) to form an intense blue coloured formazan dye. The newly developed μPAD has a 3D design with two overlapping paper layers. The first layer comprises 15 circular detection zones (8 mm in diameter), each impregnated with 8 μL of MBTH, while the second layer contains 15 reagent zones (4 mm in diameter). Two μL of iron(III) chloride are added to each one of the second layer zones after the addition of sample to the detection zones in the first layer. All hydrophilic zones of the μPAD are defined by wax printing using a commercial wax printer. Due to the 2-step nature of the analytical reaction, the two paper layers are separated by a cellulose acetate interleaving sheet to allow for the reaction between the aldehydes in the saliva sample with MBTH to proceed first with the formation of an azine, followed by a blue coloured reaction between the azine and the oxidized by iron(III) form of MBTH, produced after the removal of the interleaving sheet. After obtaining a high resolution image of the detection side zone of the device using a flatbed scanner, the intensity of the blue colour within each detection zone is measured with Image J software. Under optimal conditions, the μPAD is characterised by a working range of 20.4-114.0 μM, limit of detection of 6.1 μM, and repeatability, expressed as RSD, of less than 12.7% (n = 5). There is no statistically significant difference at the 95% confidence level between the results obtained by the μPAD and the reference method (Student's t-test: 0.090 < 0.38). The optimized μPAD is stable for more than 41 days

  3. Chemical constituents and antioxidant activities of waste liquid extract from Apostichopus japonicus Selenka processing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Chaofeng; LI Xiancui; LI Hong; GUO Shuju; ZHU Xiaobin

    2013-01-01

    Apostichopus japonicus Selenka is an ideal tonic food that is used traditionally in many Asian countries,and it contains many bioactive substances,such as antioxidant,antimicrobial,and anticancer materials.To convert waste liquid generated during production into a useful resource,extract from waste liquid was isolated by column chromatography and studied by the pyrogallol autoxidation and 1,10-phenanthroline-Fe2+ oxidation methods.Results show that the extract scavenged about 91% of the superoxide anion radical at a concentration of 1.4 mg/mL and 24% of the hydroxyl radical at 3.3 mg/mL.Four compounds were isolated and identified from the extract:2,4-dihydroxy-5-methyl-1,3-azine; 2,4-dihydroxy-1,3-diazine; 3-O-[β-D-quinovopranosyl-(1→2)-4-O-sodium sulfate-β-D-xylopranosyl]-holosta-9(11)-ene-3β,12t,17α-triol; and 24-ethyl-5t-cholesta-7-ene-3β-O-β-D-xylopyranoside.All of these compounds are known in A.japonicus,and were found in the waste liquid for the first time.

  4. Selective induction of oxidative stress in cancer cells via synergistic combinations of agents targeting redox homeostasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akladios, Fady N; Andrew, Scott D; Parkinson, Christopher J

    2015-07-01

    Cancer cell resistance to chemotherapy is still a heavy burden that impairs the response of many cancer patients to conventional chemotherapy. Using drug combinations is one therapeutic approach to overcome the developing resistance to any one drug. Oxidative stress is now a generally regarded hallmark of cancer that can be one approach to selectively target cancer cells while sparing normal cells. With the aim of increasing oxidative stress in cancer cells to a lethal set point, we have generated and combined several series of redox active compounds that act at different points of the cellular oxidative cascade. The premise of such combinations is to deplete of endogenous antioxidant defence proteins (e.g., Glutathione) while concomitantly increasing the generation of ROS via metal redox recycling and Fenton chemistry which eventually leads to the disruption of cellular redox homeostasis and induction of cell death. Through this approach, we have identified highly synergistic combinations of two distinctive classes of compounds (Azines and Copper(II) complexes of 2-pyridyl ketone thiosemicarbazones) which are capable of eliminating cancer cells without concomitant increase in toxicity toward normal cells. In one of our most potent combinations, a combination index (CI) value of 0.056 was observed, representing a 17 fold enhancement in activity beyond additive effects. Such new combination regimen of redox active compounds can be one step closer to potentially safer low dose chemotherapy. PMID:26022081

  5. A theoretical study on the wavepacket dynamics in the excited states of aromatic biomolecules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The relaxation of the low-lying excited states of 9H-adenine through conical intersections of the dissociative “1πσ”* excited state with the lowest “1ππ”* excited state and the electronic-structure calculations and wave packet dynamics simulation. Adiabatic and quasidiabatic potential-energy surfaces and coupling elements were calculated as a function of the NH stretch coordinate of the azine group and the out-of-plane angle of the hydrogen atom, employing multireference configuration-interaction (MRCI) as well as restricted-active-space self-consistent-field (RASSCF) methods. Characteristic properties of the “1πσ”*-“1ππ”* and “1πσ”*-S0 conical intersections such as the diabatic-to-adiabatic mixing angle, the geometric phase of the adiabatic electronic wave functions, the derivative coupling, as well as adiabatic and diabatic trasition-dipole-moment surfaces were investigated in detail. Time-dependent wave packet simulations reveal an ultrafast relaxations dynamics of the optically-allowed lowest “1ππ”* state driven by vibronic coupling between strongly coupled electronic states that add to our understanding of the origin of the intrinsic photostability of the building blocks of life. (author)

  6. Regulation of the polyamine metabolic pathway in the endometrium of cows during early diestrus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramos, Roney dos Santos; Mesquita, Fernando Silveira; D'Alexandri, Fabio L; Gonella-Diaza, Angela Maria; Papa, Paula de Carvalho; Binelli, Mario

    2014-07-01

    The timing and magnitude of exposure to preovulatory estradiol followed by post-ovulatory progesterone (periovulatory endocrine milieu) in cattle modulate endometrial gene expression, histotroph composition, and conceptus development, but the mechanisms underlying this regulation remain unknown. Using an experimental model based on the modulation of follicle growth, this work aimed to evaluate if the polyamine metabolic pathway is regulated by the periovulatory endocrine milieu. Nelore cows were manipulated to ovulate small (n = 15) or large (n = 15) follicles, then the profiles of polyamines and their synthetic enzymes were compared between groups. Transcripts for the enzymes of this pathway, ornithine decarboxylase 1 (ODC1; the rate-limiting enzyme in polyamine biosynthesis) protein quantification, adenosylmethionine decarboxylase 1 (AMD1) protein immunolocalization, and concentrations of the different polyamines (putrescine, spermidine, and spermine) were respectively quantified by quantitative reverse-transcriptase PCR, immunoblotting, immunohistochemistry, and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in both the endometrium and uterine flushing. No differences in gene and protein expression or concentration of polyamines were observed between groups. There were significant correlations between the relative abundance of ODC1 and spermidine/spermine N1-acetyltransferase 1 (SAT1) transcripts as well as between antizyme inhibitor 1 (AZIN1) and adenosylmethionine decarboxylase 1 (AMD1) transcripts. In conclusion, our results show that the polyamine metabolic pathway is present and functional, but not regulated by the periovulatory endocrine milieu in the bovine endometrium. PMID:24659573

  7. Chromophores from photolyzed ammonia reacting with acetylene: Application to Jupiters Great Red Spot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, Robert W.; Baines, Kevin H.; Anderson, M. S.; Filacchione, G.; Simon, A. A.

    2016-01-01

    The high altitude of Jupiter's Great Red Spot (GRS) may enhance the upward flux of gaseous ammonia (NH3 ) into the high troposphere, where NH3 molecules can be photodissociated and initiate a chain of chemical reactions with downwelling acetylene molecules (C2H2 ). These reactions, experimentally studied earlier by (Ferris and Ishikawa [1987] Nature 326, 777-778) and (Ferris and Ishikawa [1988] J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 110, 4306-4312), produce chromophores that absorb in the visible and ultraviolet regions. In this work we photolyzed mixtures of NH3 and C2H2 using ultraviolet radiation with a wavelength of 214 nm and measured the spectral transmission of the deposited films in the visible region (400-740 nm). From these transmission data we estimated the imaginary indices of refraction. Assuming that ammonia grains at the top of the GRS clouds are coated with this material, we performed layered sphere and radiative transfer calculations to predict GRS reflection spectra. Comparison of those results with observed and previously unreported Cassini visible spectra and with true-color images of the GRS show that the unknown GRS chromophore is spectrally consistent with the coupled NH3-C2H2 photochemical products produced in our laboratory experiments. Using high-resolution mass spectrometry and infrared spectroscopy we infer that the chromophore-containing residue is composed of aliphatic azine, azo, and diazo compounds.

  8. Chemical constituents and antioxidant activities of waste liquid extract from Apostichopus japonicus Selenka processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Chaofeng; Li, Xiancui; Li, Hong; Guo, Shuju; Zhu, Xiaobin

    2013-07-01

    Apos tichopus japonicus Selenka is an ideal tonic food that is used traditionally in many Asian countries, and it contains many bioactive substances, such as antioxidant, antimicrobial, and anticancer materials. To convert waste liquid generated during production into a useful resource, extract from waste liquid was isolated by column chromatography and studied by the pyrogallol autoxidation and 1,10-phenanthroline-Fe2+ oxidation methods. Results show that the extract scavenged about 91% of the superoxide anion radical at a concentration of 1.4 mg/mL and 24% of the hydroxyl radical at 3.3 mg/mL. Four compounds were isolated and identified from the extract: 2,4-dihydroxy-5-methyl-1,3-azine; 2,4-dihydroxy-1,3-diazine; 3-O-[β-D-quinovopranosyl-(1→2)-4-O-sodium sulfate-β-D-xylopranosyl]-holosta-9(11)-ene-3β,12α,17α-triol; and 24-ethyl-5α-cholesta-7-ene-3β-O-β-D-xylopyranoside. All of these compounds are known in A. japonicus, and were found in the waste liquid for the first time.

  9. In vitro and in vivo metabolism studies of dimethazine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geldof, Lore; Tudela, Eva; Lootens, Leen; van Lysebeth, Jasper; Meuleman, Phillip; Leroux-Roels, Geert; van Eenoo, Peter; Deventer, Koen

    2016-08-01

    The use of anabolic steroids is prohibited in sports. Effective control is done by monitoring their metabolites in urine samples collected from athletes. Ethical objections however restrict the use of designer steroids in human administration studies. To overcome these problems alternative in vitro and in vivo models were developed to identify metabolites and to assure a fast response by anti-doping laboratories to evolutions on the steroid market. In this study human liver microsomes and an uPA(+/+) -SCID chimeric mouse model were used to elucidate the metabolism of a steroid product called 'Xtreme DMZ'. This product contains the designer steroid dimethazine (DMZ), which consists of two methasterone molecules linked by an azine group. In the performed stability study, degradation from dimethazine to methasterone was observed. By a combination of LC-High Resolution Mass Spectrometry (HRMS) and GC-MS(/MS) analysis methasterone and six other dimethazine metabolites (M1-M6), which are all methasterone metabolites, could be detected besides the parent compound in both models. The phase II metabolism of dimethazine was also investigated in the mouse urine samples. Only metabolites M1 and M2 were exclusively detected in the glucuro-conjugated fraction; all other compounds were also found in the free fraction. For effective control of DMZ misuse in doping control samples, screening for methasterone and methasterone metabolites should be sufficient. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:26663462

  10. Chromophores from photolyzed ammonia reacting with acetylene: Application to Jupiter's Great Red Spot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, R. W.; Baines, K. H.; Anderson, M. S.; Filacchione, G.; Simon, A. A.

    2016-08-01

    The high altitude of Jupiter's Great Red Spot (GRS) may enhance the upward flux of gaseous ammonia (NH3) into the high troposphere, where NH3 molecules can be photodissociated and initiate a chain of chemical reactions with downwelling acetylene molecules (C2H2). These reactions, experimentally studied earlier by (Ferris and Ishikawa [1987] Nature 326, 777-778) and (Ferris and Ishikawa [1988] J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 110, 4306-4312), produce chromophores that absorb in the visible and ultraviolet regions. In this work we photolyzed mixtures of NH3 and C2H2 using ultraviolet radiation with a wavelength of 214 nm and measured the spectral transmission of the deposited films in the visible region (400-740 nm). From these transmission data we estimated the imaginary indices of refraction. Assuming that ammonia grains at the top of the GRS clouds are coated with this material, we performed layered sphere and radiative transfer calculations to predict GRS reflection spectra. Comparison of those results with observed and previously unreported Cassini visible spectra and with true-color images of the GRS show that the unknown GRS chromophore is spectrally consistent with the coupled NH3-C2H2 photochemical products produced in our laboratory experiments. Using high-resolution mass spectrometry and infrared spectroscopy we infer that the chromophore-containing residue is composed of aliphatic azine, azo, and diazo compounds.

  11. Purification and characterization of laccase from Coriolopsis floccosa MTCC-1177 and its use in the selective oxidation of aromatic methyl group to aldehyde without mediators

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    P K Chaurasia; A Yadav; R S S Yadav; S Yadava

    2013-11-01

    A laccase from the culture filtrate of white rot fungus Coriolopsis floccosa MTCC-1177 has been purified to homogeneity. The method involved concentration of the culture filtrate by ammonium sulphate precipitation and an anion exchange chromatography on diethylaminoethyl (DEAE) cellulose. Sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) as well as native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (native-PAGE) produced single protein bands indicating that the enzyme preparation was pure. Molecular mass of the enzyme determined from SDS-PAGE analysis was 64 kDa. Using 2,6-dimethoxyphenol (DMP), 2,2'-[Azino-bis-(3-ethylbonzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid (ABTS) diammonium salt and 4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxy benzaldehyde azine (syringaldazine) as the substrates, the m, cat and cat/m values of the laccase were found to be 112.5 M, 5.16 s-1, 4.60 × 104M-1 s-1, 58 M, 5.16 s-1, 8.90 × 104M-1 s-1 and 100 M, 5.16 s-1, 5.16 × 104M-1 s-1, respectively. The pH and temperature optima were 5.0°C and 40°C, respectively. Activation energy for thermal denaturation of the enzyme was 36.6 kJ/mol/K. The enzyme was most stable at pH4.0 when exposed for 1 h. The purified laccase has yellow colour and does not show absorption band around 610 nm found in blue laccases. The enzyme transforms toluene, 3-nitrotoluene and 4-chlorotoluene to benzaldehyde, 3-nitrobenzaldehyde and 4-chlorobenzaldehyde, respectively, in the absence of electron transfer mediators.

  12. Study of the factors supporting the selective complexation of the trivalent lanthanide and actinide ions; Etude des facteurs favorisant la complexation selective des ions lanthanides et actinides trivalents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mehdoui, T

    2005-09-15

    In order to obtain clear-cut information on the factors which favour the discrimination between trivalent actinides and lanthanides, we investigated the complexation of the tris(cyclopentadienyl) Ce(III) and U(III) compounds, (RCp)3M (R = tBu, SiMe3), with a series of monocyclic azines with distinct Lewis basicity and reduction potential. Coordination of pyrazine and 4,4' and 2,2'-bipyridines on the (RCp)3M complexes has also been studied. Of major interest is the reversible oxidation of the (RCp)3U species into the uranium(IV) [(RCp)3U]2(pyz) complexes by pyrazine. The presence of cooperativity in the binding of the cyclopentadienyl groups by U(III), due to late appearance of back-bonding, leads to a greater stabilization of the uranium(III) complexes. Complexation of the species Cp*2MI (M = Ce, U) by 2,2'-bipyridine, phenanthroline and ter-pyridine affords the adducts [Cp*2M(L)]I. For L = bipy and terpy, these compounds are reduced into Cp*2M(L). The magnetic data for [Cp*2M(terpy)]I and Cp*2M(terpy) are consistent with Ce(III) and U(III) species, with the formulation Cp*2MIII(terpy). An electron transfer reaction between these species was observed in NMR. Reactions of the [Cp*2M(terpy)]I and Cp*2M(terpy) complexes with H and H{sup +} donor reagents lead to a clear differentiation of these trivalent ions. We studied the coordination of the stable N-heterocyclic carbene and isonitrile molecules on (RCp)3M and Cp*2MI; competition reactions and comparison of the crystal structures of the carbene compounds reveal the much better affinity of the NHC and tBuNC ligands for the 5f rather than for the 4f ion. (authors)

  13. Cyclosporine, a P-glycoprotein modulator, increases [18F]MPPF uptake in rat brain and peripheral tissues: microPET and ex vivo studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pretreatment with cyclosporine, a P-glycoprotein (P-gp) modulator increases brain uptake of 4-(2'-methoxyphenyl)-1-[2'-(N-2''-pyridinyl)-p-[18F] fluorobenzamido] ethylpiper azine ([18F]MPPF) for binding to hydroxytryptamine1A (5-HT1A) receptors. Those increases were quantified in rat brain with in vivo microPET and ex vivo tissue studies. Each Sprague-Dawley rat (n=4) received a baseline [18F]MPPF microPET scan followed by second scan 2-3 weeks later that included cyclosporine pretreatment (50 mg/kg, i.p.). Maximum a posteriori reconstructed images and volumetric ROIs were used to generate dynamic radioactivity concentration measurements for hippocampus, striatum, and cerebellum, with simplified reference tissue method (SRTM) analysis. Western blots were used to semiquantify P-gp regional distribution in brain. MicroPET studies showed that hippocampus uptake of [18F]MPPF was increased after cyclosporine; ex vivo studies showed similar increases in hippocampus and frontal cortex at 30 min, and for heart and kidney at 2.5 and 5 min, without concomitant increases in [18F]MPPF plasma concentration. P-gp content in cerebellum was twofold higher than in hippocampus or frontal cortex. These studies confirm and extend prior ex vivo results (J. Passchier, et al., Eur J Pharmacol, 2000) that showed [18F]MPPF as a substrate for P-gp. Our microPET results showed that P-gp modulation of [18F]MPPF binding to 5-HT1A receptors can be imaged in rat hippocampus. The heterogeneous brain distribution of P-gp appeared to invalidate the use of cerebellum as a nonspecific reference region for SRTM modeling. Regional quantitation of P-gp may be necessary for accurate PET assessment of 5-HT1A receptor density when based on tracer uptake sensitive to P-gp modulation. (orig.)

  14. Specificity and affinity of phenosafranine protein adduct: Insights from biophysical aspects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ding Fei [Department of Chemistry, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193 (China); Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Zhang Li; Sun Ye [Department of Chemistry, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193 (China); Diao Jianxiong [College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193 (China); Yang Xinling [Department of Chemistry, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193 (China); Sun Ying, E-mail: sunying@cau.edu.cn [College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193 (China); Zhang Li, E-mail: zhli.work@gmail.com [Key Laboratory of Pesticide Chemistry and Application Technology, Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Applied Chemistry, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193 (China)

    2012-03-15

    Phenosafranine is a toxic and recalcitrant compound, whose capacity to intercalate with double stranded DNA has been shown. In this contribution, a biophysical discuss on the conjugation of phenosafranine with two model proteins human serum albumin (HSA) and lysozyme (Lys) has been identified utilizing a combination of molecular modeling, steady state and time-resolved fluorescence and circular dichroism (CD) approaches. The accurate binding domain of phenosafranine in protein has been characterized from molecular modeling, subdomain IIIA of HSA and Trp-62, Trp-63 and Trp-108 residues of Lys was designated to possess high-affinity for this compound, the dominant forces in the protein-phenosafranine adduct are hydrogen bonds and {pi}-{pi} interactions, but hydrophobic interactions between dye and Lys are also not exclude. The data of fluorescence displayed that the complex of phenosafranine with protein produces quenching through static property, this corroborates the time-resolved fluorescence results that the ground state complex formation with a moderate affinity of 10{sup 4} M{sup -1}. Moreover, via synchronous fluorescence, CD and three-dimensional fluorescence we indicated some extent of polypeptide chain of protein partially unfolding upon conjugation with phenosafranine. Through this work, we anticipate it can supply salient clues on the toxicological action of phenosafranine and other azines, which have analogous configuration with phenosafranine. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Our study supply salient clues on the toxicological action of toxic phenosafranine. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Phenosafranine is situated within subdomain IIIA, Sudlow's site II on HSA. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Trp-62, Trp-63 and Trp-108 residues on the Lys molecule are all close to dye. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Static property of the phenosafranine induced quenching of protein Trp fluorescence. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Protein spatial structure proved

  15. Applications of electron spin resonance to some problems of radiation chemistry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The electron spin resonance (E.S.R.) spectra of gamma irradiated polar organic glasses, at 77 K, shows a single line centered at g ∼ 2, attributed to solvated electrons. The radicals produced on scavenging this species by electron acceptors, such as aromatic hydrocarbons, nitro-compounds and azines have been studied by E.S.R. In most cases, the radicals from these solutes, the spectra of which are observed after elimination by warming of the radicals from the matrices, are produced by protonation of the anions formed by scavenging of electrons at 77 K. Thus, in the case of glassy solutions of nitro-compounds, the radicals R NO2H are formed. They are characterized by aN = 15 G (nitrobenzene) or aN = 28 G (nitro-alkane). These radicals are also generated by U.V, photolysis at room temperature of solutions of nitro-compounds in alcohols and are shown to be the precursors of nitroxide radicals R - N - R (with N - O) observed simultaneously. Gamma irradiation of solutions of pyridine and of the three diazines, in alcohol glasses at 77 K, produces the radical formed by hydrogen addition to these compounds. The value of the coupling constant of the additional proton (7-10 G) indicates that it is bound to a nitrogen in the sp2 hydridation state. One has shown, taking pyridine as an example, that the addition to a carbon gives a much greater value of the coupling constant, of the order of 50-60 G. (author)

  16. Biological activity of ruthenium and osmium arene complexes with modified paullones in human cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mühlgassner, Gerhard; Bartel, Caroline; Schmid, Wolfgang F; Jakupec, Michael A; Arion, Vladimir B; Keppler, Bernhard K

    2012-11-01

    In an attempt to combine the ability of indolobenzazepines (paullones) to inhibit cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks) and that of platinum-group metal ions to interact with proteins and DNA, ruthenium(II) and osmium(II) arene complexes with paullones were prepared, expecting synergies and an increase of solubility of paullones. Complexes with the general formula [M(II)Cl(η(6)-p-cymene)L]Cl, where M=Ru (1, 3) or Os (2, 4), and L=L(1) (1, 2) or L(2) (3, 4), L(1)=N-(9-bromo-7,12-dihydroindolo[3,2-d][1]-benzazepin-6(5H)-yliden-N'-(2-hydroxybenzylidene)azine and L(2)=N-(9-bromo-7,12-dihydroindolo[3,2-d][1]benzazepin-6-yl)-N'-[3-hydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpyridin-4-yl-methylene]azinium chloride (L(2)(*)HCl), were now investigated regarding cytotoxicity and accumulation in cancer cells, impact on the cell cycle, capacity of inhibiting DNA synthesis and inducing apoptosis as well as their ability to inhibit Cdk activity. The MTT (3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide) assay yielded IC(50) values in the nanomolar to low micromolar range. In accordance with cytotoxicity data, the BrdU assay showed that 1 is the most and 4 the least effective of these compounds regarding inhibition of DNA synthesis. Effects on the cell cycle are minor, although concentration-dependent inhibition of Cdk2/cyclin E activity was observed in cell-free experiments. Induction of apoptosis is most pronounced for complex 1, accompanied by a low fraction of necrotic cells, as observed by annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide staining and flow cytometric analysis. PMID:23037896

  17. Study of the factors supporting the selective complexation of the trivalent lanthanide and actinide ions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to obtain clear-cut information on the factors which favour the discrimination between trivalent actinides and lanthanides, we investigated the complexation of the tris(cyclopentadienyl) Ce(III) and U(III) compounds, (RCp)3M (R = tBu, SiMe3), with a series of monocyclic azines with distinct Lewis basicity and reduction potential. Coordination of pyrazine and 4,4' and 2,2'-bipyridines on the (RCp)3M complexes has also been studied. Of major interest is the reversible oxidation of the (RCp)3U species into the uranium(IV) [(RCp)3U]2(pyz) complexes by pyrazine. The presence of cooperativity in the binding of the cyclopentadienyl groups by U(III), due to late appearance of back-bonding, leads to a greater stabilization of the uranium(III) complexes. Complexation of the species Cp*2MI (M = Ce, U) by 2,2'-bipyridine, phenanthroline and ter-pyridine affords the adducts [Cp*2M(L)]I. For L = bipy and terpy, these compounds are reduced into Cp*2M(L). The magnetic data for [Cp*2M(terpy)]I and Cp*2M(terpy) are consistent with Ce(III) and U(III) species, with the formulation Cp*2MIII(terpy). An electron transfer reaction between these species was observed in NMR. Reactions of the [Cp*2M(terpy)]I and Cp*2M(terpy) complexes with H and H+ donor reagents lead to a clear differentiation of these trivalent ions. We studied the coordination of the stable N-heterocyclic carbene and isonitrile molecules on (RCp)3M and Cp*2MI; competition reactions and comparison of the crystal structures of the carbene compounds reveal the much better affinity of the NHC and tBuNC ligands for the 5f rather than for the 4f ion. (authors)

  18. 沦陷时期北京文坛的“大众化”与“色情文学”%The Popurlarization and Pornography in Peking Literature Circle during the Period of Being Captured

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许江

    2014-01-01

    “大众化”在中国现代文学史上占有重要的地位,沦陷时期的北京文坛通过三份影响广泛的刊物《中国公论》《中国文艺》与《国民杂志》亦表达了对“大众化”问题的关注。1939年春创刊的《中国公论》开启了北京文坛“大众化”讨论的帷幕,紧随而来的《中国文艺》将“大众化”讨论引向深入,特别是1942年前后在《国民杂志》上掀起的“色情文学”风潮,展现出彼时彼地“大众化”与众不同、发人深省的历史面貌。沦陷时期北京文坛的“色情文学”风潮不仅是对中国现代文学史上“大众化”问题的一种拓展,并且可能也是中国现代文学自身某一类气质的表现和释放,具有独特而耐人寻味的历史意义与认识价值。%The popurlarization is very important in the Chinese modern literature ,and Peking writers in the Period of Being Captured also pay attention to the problem which is seen obviously in three influential mag-azines -Chinese Opinions ,Chinese L iterature and People’s M agazine .Chinese Opinions ,started in 1939 , began the discussion of popularization of Beijing literatures ,and the following Chinese Literature deepened this popularizaiton .Especially the Pornography Talk in People’s Magazine around 1942 exhibits the differ-ent and profound face of the popurlarization .The Pornography Talk of Peking writers in the Period of Be-ing Captured expands the popurlarization in the Chinese modern literature ,and expresses one of tempera-ment of the Chinese modern literature .Therefore ,they have a peculiar and complicated meaning .

  19. Diverse ceramics of lithium synthesized by the combustion method; Diversos ceramicos de litio sintetizados por el metodo de combustion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cruz G, D. [ININ, 52750 La Marquesa, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)

    2006-07-01

    Lithium ceramics would be applied as tritium breeder materials in the future fusion nuclear reactors. The present study shows a modified combustion synthesis to produce lithium ceramics using urea (CO(NH{sub 2}){sub 2}) - oxides (TiO{sub 2}, ZrO{sub 2}, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3})- hydroxide (LiOH) mixtures, that differ from the traditional combustion synthesis which utilizes, metal nitrates and fuels (urea/hydrazide, oxalyl dihydrazide, malonic acid dihydrazide, glycine, tetra formal tris azine, etc) mixtures in stoichiometric molar ratios to produce lithium ceramics In the present work, the modified combustion synthesis was performed to produce Li{sub 4}SiO{sub 4}, Li{sub 2}SiO{sub 3}, {beta}-Li{sub 2}TiO{sub 3}, m- Li{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3}, and {gamma}-LiAIO{sub 2}. It was necessary to add LiOH excess to balance Li{sub 2}O sublimation. The advantages and disadvantages of the modified combustion synthesis to prepare {beta}-Li{sub 2}TiO{sub 3} and m-Li{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3} ceramics were also studied. During synthesis were used insoluble oxide compounds. Although thermodynamic properties have been studied extensively from first principles, only limited insight exists about the kinetic properties of decomposition of lithium ceramics. In several works, Li{sub 4}SiO{sub 4} and Li{sub 2}SiO{sub 3} had shown high tritium solubility at lower temperatures than other tritium breeding materials. Therefore, we examined the thermal stability of these lithium silicates. Finally, the effect of 12000 kGy of {gamma} rays irradiation was analyzed in the lithium ceramics produced. The XRD analyses of irradiated samples showed decomposition of Li{sub 2}SiO{sub 3} to Li{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 5} due to radiolysis processes. Li{sub 4}SiO{sub 4} was decomposed to Li{sub 2}SiO{sub 3}. {beta}Li{sub 2}TiO{sub 3} did not decompose under {gamma} irradiation but m-Li{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3} decomposed to ZrO{sub 2}. Finally, {gamma}-LiAIO{sub 2} was stable to {gamma} irradiation. In general, consolidation effects

  20. Storage Stability Improvement of Copolymer Grafted Polypropylene-AcrylicAcid (PP-AA), by means of Various After Treatment Processes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Polypropylene yams that have been subjected to irradiation induced graftco-polymerization with acrylic acid, have gained its moisture regain and dyeability, that fulfilled the requirement as textile material for garment.However, the copolymer grafted PP-AA has suffered from degradation in thestorage, which was indicated in the previous study that the strengthretention has dropped tremendously by photo-oxidation or photo-degradation.After treatments of PP-AA yams with chemical compound that was able toprevent further photo-oxidation, will be expected to improve the stability ofPP-AA in storage. In this research activity, the polypropylene (PP) yams weresubjected to irradiation induced graft co-polymerization by means ofγ-Ray Co-60 as irradiation source with acrylic acid (AA) as monomer.Various after treatments were subjected to the grafted PP-AA yams such asalkalisation process; dyeing (anionic dyes, cationic dyes and nonionic dyes);as well as processing with optical brightening agent and UV stabilizer,separately. The PP-AA yams (before and after treatment) were subjected tostorage from 1 month up to 42 months, and then being tested for theirmoisture regain, strength retention and elongation at breaks. The samplesbeing stored for 12 months were subjected to radical analysis. It isconcluded from the experiment that after treatment of grafted PP-AA by meansof those various processes were able to improve the stability of copolymergrafted PP-AA in storage. The presence of peroxide radical in the ESR(electron spin resonance) spectrum on PP-AA yams before treatment and theones after treated with alkaline and being stored for 12 months haveindicated the presence of photo oxidation or photo degradation, while thepresence of poly enyl radical in the ESR spectrum of after treated PP-AA withdyes having azo and azine compound as chromophore, as well as with UVstabilizer with carbonyl as chromophore and being stored for 12 months haveproved that its presence have protected such

  1. Coordination Chemistry and Structural Dynamics of a Long and Flexible Piperazine-Derived Ligand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawes, Chris S; Hamilton, Sophie E; Hicks, Jamie; Knowles, Gregory P; Chaffee, Alan L; Turner, David R; Batten, Stuart R

    2016-07-01

    A long and highly flexible internally functionalized dipyridyl ligand α,α'-p-xylylenebis(1-(4-pyridylmethylene)-piper-4-azine), L, has been employed in the synthesis of a series of coordination polymer materials with Co(II), Cd(II), and Ag(I) ions. In poly-[Cd(L)(TPA)] 1 and poly-[Co(L)(IPA)], 2, (TPA = terephthalate, IPA = isophthalate) the ligand adopts a similar linear conformation to that seen in the structure of the unbound molecule and provides a long (2.6 nm) metal-metal bridging distance. Due to the mismatch of edge lengths with that provided by the carboxylate coligands, geometric distortions from the regular dia and (4,4) network geometries for 1 and 2, respectively, are observed. In poly-[Ag2(CF3SO3)2(L)], 3, the ligand coordinates through both pyridine groups and two of the four piperazine nitrogen donors, forming a high-connectivity 2-dimensional network. The compound poly-[Ag2(L)](BF4)2·2MeCN, 4, a porous 3-dimensional cds network, undergoes a fascinating and rapid single-crystal-to-single-crystal rearrangement on exchange of the acetonitrile guests for water in ambient air, forming a nonporous hydrated network poly-[Ag2(L)](BF4)2·2H2O, 5, in which the well-ordered guest water molecules mediate the rearrangement of the tetrafluoroborate anions and the framework itself through hydrogen bonding. The dynamics of the system are examined in greater detail through the preparation of a kinetic product, the dioxane-solvated species poly-[Ag2(L)](BF4)2·2C4H8O2, 6, which undergoes a slow conversion to 5 over the course of approximately 16 h, a transition which can be monitored in real time. The reverse transformation can also be observed on immersing the hydrate 5 in dioxane. The structural features and physical properties of each of the materials can be rationalized based on the flexible and multifunctional nature of the ligand molecule, as well as the coordination behavior of the chosen metal ions. PMID:27328206

  2. 常见铁肥品种及其使用效果综述%Various types of iron fertilizers and their efficiency: A review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘自飞; 高丽丽; 王盛锋; 刘荣乐; 汪洪

    2012-01-01

    Iron (Fe) is an essential microelement for plant growth. Although Fe is the most abundant nutrient in the mineral solid phase of soils, its presence in soil solution is negligible. Fe deficiency is a major nutritional disorder in crops, especially on calcareous soils. The solution for Fe deficiency by agronomic practices or by breeding and obtaining genetically modified plants is not efficient enough, therefore, the application of Fe fertilizers still remains the efficient strategy to overcome Fe deficiency. Inorganic Fe fertilizers ( e. g. , FeS04 · 7H2O) and Fe-complex fertilizers ( e. g. , lignosulfonates and humates) are frequently-used in domestic market. EDTA-Fe chelate is low stable, and EDTA can become diketopiper-azine, being the persistent organic pollutant in the environment. Synthetic Fe chelates ( e. g. , EDDHA/Fe3+ , EDDHMA/ Fe3 + , EDDHSA/Fe3 + ) either applied to the soil or delivered to the foliage, are common used in abroad. Also, some new slow-releasing Fe fertilizers and biodegradable Fe chelates ( e. g. , IDHA/Fe3 + , EDDS/Fe3 + ) have appeared in the market. This review covers the research progress on varieties, properties and effectiveness of Fe fertilizers in the recent years.%铁是植物正常生长必需的微量营养元素之一.铁虽然在土壤中的丰度很高,但植物可以吸收利用的有效铁很少,导致植物极易缺铁,尤其是在干旱、半干旱的石灰性土壤上,缺铁现象较为严重.利用农艺和生物技术手段解决植物缺铁的效果尚不十分明显,施用铁肥仍是纠正植物缺铁常用的有效方法.国内常用铁肥品种主要有硫酸亚铁为主的无机铁肥和一些有机物与铁复合形成的铁肥(木质素磺酸铁、腐殖酸铁).乙二胺四乙酸(EDTA)铁肥稳定性相对较低,且EDTA会转化成二酮哌嗪,成为持久性有机污染物.国外推广使用乙二胺二邻羟苯基乙酸(EDDHA)、乙二胺二(2-羟基-4-甲酰-苯基)乙酸(EDDHMA)、乙二胺二(2-羟基-4

  3. Mechanisms of Transmembrane Transport of Polyamines%多胺跨膜物质转运的机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王贵鸿; 马容; 康波; 姜冬梅; 何珲

    2014-01-01

    Polyamines are involved in several biological processes including reproduction, embryo development and cancer development, as well as play important roles in cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. The homeostasis of polyamines is regulated strictly by transmembrane transporter and polyamine metabolically path-ways. Solute carrier ( SLC ) gene family including SLC3A2, SLC7A1, SLC12A8, SLC22A16, SLC22A1, SLC22A2 and SLC22A3 genes and their protein could involve in the process of polyamine transmembrane trans-port; furthermore, the key regulatory genes of polyamine metabolism including ornithine decarboxylase ( ODC ) , ornithine decarboxylase antizyme ( OAZ ) and ornithine decarboxylase antizyme inhibitorgenes ( AZIN) genes could also regulate transmembrane transport of polyamines;moreover, the internal environmen-tal factors including metal cation, transmembrane potential and pH also involved in the process of polyamine transport. Therefore, in this paper, the roles of the polyamine transporters, the key regulatory genes of poly-amine metabolism and their proteins, and internal environmental factors mediating polyamine transport were re-viewed.%多胺具有调控细胞增殖、分化和凋亡的功能,可参与动物繁殖、胚胎发育以及癌症发生发展等多种生物学过程。在动物机体中,多胺稳态是通过多胺跨膜物质转运和多胺代谢途径共同维持的。溶质转运蛋白( SLC )基因家族中的 SLC3A2、SLC7A1、SLC12A8、SLC22A16、SLC22A1、SLC22A2、SLC22A3基因及其编码的蛋白质可参与多胺的跨膜物质转运;多胺代谢关键调控基因鸟氨酸脱羧酶( ODC )、鸟氨酸脱羧酶抗酶( OAZ )和鸟氨酸脱羧酶抗酶抑制剂( AZIN)对多胺跨膜物质转运也具有重要的调控功能;此外,金属阳离子、细胞膜跨膜电位和pH等内环境因素也可参与多胺转运的调节。因此,本文就多胺转运蛋白、多胺代谢

  4. Dancing with Energetic Nitrogen Atoms: Versatile N-Functionalization Strategies for N-Heterocyclic Frameworks in High Energy Density Materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Ping; Zhang, Qinghua; Shreeve, Jean'ne M

    2016-01-19

    has become an increasingly efficient tool for exploring new HEDMs with both high energy and low sensitivity. As a highly dense building block, introduction of oxygen not only improves density significantly but also gives rise to a better oxygen balance. Furthermore, the N-O functionalized strategy is highly suitable for a broad variety of N-heterocycles including five-membered azoles and six-membered azines. Newly explored N-halogen and N-B functionalization strategies have endowed the resulting HEDMs with some new energetic characteristics. Typical examples include the N-halogenated fused triazole and FOX-7 as potential hypergolic oxidizers with very short ignition delay times. In addition, some exploratory studies of N-B functionalized heterocycles have expanded energetic applications as hypergolic ionic liquids, green pyrotechnic colorants, and high-oxygen carriers. Overall, flexible N-functionalization methodologies involving different N-X bond formation have not only provided an efficient approach to diverse energetic ingredients but also expanded the application scope of energetic materials. Discussion and perspectives of N-functionalized protocols are given to summarize possible structure-property correlations, thus providing efficient guidelines for future design of new HEDMs. PMID:26717271

  5. 眉山市马来丝虫病防治后期流行趋势%Epidemic Trends of Later Stage Control of Malayan Filariasis in Meishan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志荣; 李佐; 张富南; 李瑞洋

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解眉山市丝虫病防治后期的流行病学特征,评价消除丝虫病后的流行趋势和慢性丝虫病患者的变化.方法 采取查治残存传染源、集体服药和重点人群与防治薄弱村组为主要监测对象的巩固措施,采用重点乡镇人群普服0.3%乙胺嗪药盐的净化措施;开展后期慢性丝虫病调查和复查及横向人群监测.结果 1983年眉山市基本消除丝虫病后,1983-1985年在重点人群监测的原微丝蚴血症者114人和疫点人群3 605人中,分别检出微丝蚴血症者4例,微丝蚴密度1 ~252条/120μl,平均38.75条/120 μl;1984年和1988年横向人群监测3 104、5 551人,分别新检出微丝蚴血症者5、1人,平均微丝蚴密度6.20条、11条/120μl.随着巩固和净化措施实施,1989-2012年连续监测24年未检出微丝蚴血症者.原慢性丝虫病患者由基本消除丝虫病前的393例,减少至2011年的29例,1989年以来无新发慢性丝虫病发生.现遗留的慢性丝虫病患者表现为高龄化、病程长的特点.结论 眉山市消除丝虫病后监测,未发现内源性传染源,显示实施巩固与净化措施后远期效果显著,原流行区现39岁以下人群得到了有效保护.后期工作重点应放在对输人性传染源的监测和原慢性丝虫病患者给予关怀与照料.%Objective To understand the epidemiological characteristics of the later stage of filariasis control program in Meishan, and to evaluate the epidemic trends after elimination of filariasis, as well as the changes of chronic filariasis cases. Methods Consolidation measures were comprehensively carried out, such as detecting and treating the residual infection sources, collective medication, targeted population and village in weak control program as the main surveillance objects. The targeted rural population generally took 0. 3% diethylcarbam-azine medicated salt . Investigation and re - examination of the later chronic filariasis, combined with the

  6. IMP3 can predict aggressive behaviour of lung adenocarcinoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    bezeichnet. Ergebnisse Von 90 Patienten mit Lungencarcinom waren 71 (78%) mänlich, durchschnittliches Alter war für Männer 61.5 Jahre (min-max 43–83) und 61 Jahre für Frauen (min-max 44–86). Pleurale Effusionen fand man in 15 Fällen (16.6%) und Fernmetastasen in 45 (50%) Fällen. Histologische Sybtypen waren: 2 lepidic Karzinome, 34 azinäre Karzinome, 2 papilläre und 52 solide Karzinome. IMP3 war exprimiert in 63 Fälle (70%). Positive IMP3 Expression war mit solidem Typ (P = 0.002) und negativer Napsin A Expression (P = 0.004) assoziert. Napsin A Expression war mit niedrigem Gradus (P = 0.031) und positiver TTF-1 Expression (P = 0.003) assoziert. Patienten mit IMP3 Überexpression öfter hatten Fernmetastasen als Patienten mit negativen IMP3, 55.5% versus 33.3% (P = 0.033). Non solide Subtyp mit IMP3 Überexpression entwickelten Fernmetastasen Meer häufiger als nicht festem Subtyp mit negativen IMP3, 72% versus 35% (P = 0.028). Schlussworte Die Expression von IMP3 ist mit negaativer Expression von Napsin A, solidem Subtyp und Metastasen verbunden und hat praktische predictive Werte in der pathologischen Diagnose des Adenokarzinoms der Lunge. Die Expression von IMP3 korreliert mit soliden Subtyp und mit Fernmetastasen unabhängig von histologische Subtyp Lungenadenokarzinom. PMID:23190601

  7. IMP3 can predict aggressive behaviour of lung adenocarcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beljan Perak Renata

    2012-11-01

    statistisch signifikant bezeichnet. Ergebnisse Von 90 Patienten mit Lungencarcinom waren 71 (78% mänlich, durchschnittliches Alter war für Männer 61.5 Jahre (min-max 43–83 und 61 Jahre für Frauen (min-max 44–86. Pleurale Effusionen fand man in 15 Fällen (16.6% und Fernmetastasen in 45 (50% Fällen. Histologische Sybtypen waren: 2 lepidic Karzinome, 34 azinäre Karzinome, 2 papilläre und 52 solide Karzinome. IMP3 war exprimiert in 63 Fälle (70%. Positive IMP3 Expression war mit solidem Typ (P = 0.002 und negativer Napsin A Expression (P = 0.004 assoziert. Napsin A Expression war mit niedrigem Gradus (P = 0.031 und positiver TTF-1 Expression (P = 0.003 assoziert. Patienten mit IMP3 Überexpression öfter hatten Fernmetastasen als Patienten mit negativen IMP3, 55.5% versus 33.3% (P = 0.033. Non solide Subtyp mit IMP3 Überexpression entwickelten Fernmetastasen Meer häufiger als nicht festem Subtyp mit negativen IMP3, 72% versus 35% (P = 0.028. Schlussworte Die Expression von IMP3 ist mit negaativer Expression von Napsin A, solidem Subtyp und Metastasen verbunden und hat praktische predictive Werte in der pathologischen Diagnose des Adenokarzinoms der Lunge. Die Expression von IMP3 korreliert mit soliden Subtyp und mit Fernmetastasen unabhängig von histologische Subtyp Lungenadenokarzinom.

  8. Fluid inclusion and sulfur stable isotope evidence for the origin of the Ahangran Pb-Ag deposit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Maanijou

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction The Ahangaran Pb-Ag deposit is located in the Hamedan province, west Iran, 25 km southeast of the city of Malayer . . The deposit lies in the strongly folded Sanandaj-Sirjan tectonic zone, in which the ore bodies occur as thin lenses and layers. The host rocks of the deposit are Early Cretaceous carbonates and sandstones that are unconformably underlain by Jurassic rocks. Ore minerals include galena, pyrite, chalcopyrite, pyrrhotite and supergene iron oxide minerals. Gangue minerals consist of barite, dolomite, chlorite, calcite and quartz. The mineralization occurs as open-space fillings, veins, veinlets, disseminations, and massive replacements. Alteration consists of silicification, sericitization, and dolomitization. In this study, we carried out studies of mineralogy, microthermometry of fluid inclusions and sulfur isotopes to determine the source of sulfur and the physico-chemical conditions of formation. Materials and methods Seventy samples of different host rocks, alteration, and mineralization were collected from surface outcrops and different tunnels. Twenty of the samples were prepared for mineralogical studies at Tarbiat Modarres University in Tehran and 25 for petrological studies at the University of Bu-Ali Sina. Fluid-inclusion studies were done on 5 samples of quartz and calcite at Pouya Zamin Azin Company in Tehran using a Linkam THM 600 model heating-freezing stage (with a range of -196 to 480ºC. The accuracy and precision of the homogenization measurements are about ±1°C. Salinity estimates were determined from the last melting temperatures of ice, utilizing the equations by Bodnar and Vityk (1994 and for CO2 fluids using equations by Chen (1972. Nine samples of sulfides and barite were crushed and separated by handpicking under binocular microscope and powdered with agate mortar and pestle. About one gram of each sample was sent to the Stable Isotope and ICP/MS Laboratory of Queen’s University, Canada for

  9. Clinical effects of nano-silver burn dressings and silver sulfadiazine cream on treatment of deep Ⅱ degree burn wounds infections%纳米银烧伤敷料与磺胺嘧啶银乳膏治疗深Ⅱ度烧伤患者创面感染的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋瑞明; 张元海; 叶春江; 倪良方; 何勇

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To explore the clinical effects of conventional drug dressings such as nano‐silver burn dress‐ings and silver sulfadiazine cream on treatment of deep Ⅱ degree burn wounds infections so as to provide guidance for clinical diagnosis and treatment .METHODS A total of 90 thermal burns patients who were hospitalized from Jan 2012 to Dec 2014 were enrolled in the study ,with the total burn area varying from 5 .00% to 29 .00% of body surface area ,and they had different deep Ⅱ degree of limb burns .The subjects were randomly divided into the control group and the observation group ,with 45 cases in each .The control group was treated with silver sulfadi‐azine cream ,while the observation group was given nano‐silver burn dressings for conventional drug dressing ,and the wounds were treated with debridement ,rinsing ,bandaging ,and dressing once every two days .RESULTS Af‐ter the treatment for 2 weeks ,the CRP level of the observation group was (16 .28 ± 2 .95)mg/L ,the wound heal‐ing time (18 .94 ± 3 .75)days ,the pigmentation subsided time (43 .45 ± 8 .26) days ,significantly better than those of the control group (P<0 .05) .The positive rate of bacterial culture of the observation group was 8 .89% after the treatment for 1 week ,significantly lower than that of the control group ;the positive rate of bacterial culture of the observation group was 0 after the treatment for 2 weeks ,significantly lower than that of the control group (P<0 .01) .The excellent and good rate of cicatrices of the observation group was 93 .34% ,significantly higher than 77 .78% of the control group (P< 0 .01) .CONCLUSION Nano‐silver burn dressings can achieve significant clinical effect on treatment of deep Ⅱ degree burn wounds ,shorten the wound healing time ,facilitate the recover‐y ,and improve the prognosis .It is worthy to be promoted in the hospital .%目的:探讨纳米银烧伤敷料、磺胺嘧啶银乳膏常规换药治疗深Ⅱ度烧伤创面感