WorldWideScience

Sample records for avian-wind power planning

  1. Proceedings of National Avian-Wind Power Planning Meeting IV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NWCC Avian Subcommittee

    2001-05-01

    OAK-B135 The purpose of the fourth meeting was to (1) share research and update research conducted on avian wind interactions (2) identify questions and issues related to the research results, (3) develop conclusions about some avian/wind power issues, and (4) identify questions and issues for future avian research.

  2. Proceedings of national avian-wind power planning meeting II

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This meeting was the second in a series. The purposes of this meeting were to: (1) provide information on avian/wind power interactions that will help meet the needs of regulators, researchers, and other stakeholders concerned with responsible development and permitting of wind plants; (2) create dialogue among regulators, researchers and other stakeholders to help all parties understand the role that research can play in responsible development and permitting of wind plants, and allow researchers to understand the relevance of their research to the process; and (3) propose research projects and the appropriate sponsorship. The meeting began with oral presentations and discussions of nine White Papers on the theory and methods for studying and understanding impacts. The Proceedings include the written version of each of the nine White Papers, plus a summary of the oral discussion associated with each paper. The second part of the meeting consisted of four working group sessions: (1) site evaluation and pre-permit research and planning; (2) operational monitoring; (3) modeling and forecasting, including population dynamics models; and (4) avian behavior and mortality reduction. The Proceedings includes a summary of the discussions on these topics, including each working group's recommendations for future research or associated activities. A final plenary session drew together the main recommendations

  3. Planning for Power.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Failla, Victor A.; Birk, Thomas A.

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the electrical power problems that can arise when schools try to integrate educational technology components into an existing facility, and how to plan the electrical power design to avoid power failures. Examines setting objectives, evaluating current electrical conditions, and developing the technology power design. (GR)

  4. Philippines revises power plans

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hayes, D.

    1988-02-01

    Following an unexpected surge in electricity demand the Philippines has revised its medium term power development programme. The sharp increase in electricity consumption follows three years of slack demand due to civil disturbances before the end of the Macros administration and the election of Corazon Aquino as President in 1986. Originally, the Aquino government's medium term power development plans called for about 500MW of generating capacity to be installed between 1986 and 1992. The three proposed plants were scheduled for commissioning in 1991 and 1992. However, a spurt in power demand growth during the past nine months has caused concern among industrialists that power shortages could occur by the end of the decade. So additional capacity will be installed to prevent an anticipated shortfall in electricity supplies by the early 1990s.

  5. Integrated Wind Power Planning Tool

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosgaard, Martin H.; Hahmann, Andrea N.; Nielsen, Torben S.;

    This poster presents the Public Service Obligation (PSO) funded project PSO 10464 "Integrated Wind Power Planning Tool". The project goal is to integrate a Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) model with statistical tools in order to assess wind power fluctuations, with focus on short term...... forecasting for existing wind farms, as well as long term power system planning for future wind farms....

  6. Bringing Power to Planning Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flyvbjerg, Bent

    This article provides an answer to what has been called the biggest problem in theorizing and understanding planning, namely the ambivalence about power found among planning researchers, theorists, and students. The author narrates how he came to work with issues of power. He then gives an example...... of how the methodology he developed for power studies, called "phronetic planning research," may be employed in practice. Phronetic planning research follows the tradition of power studies running from Machiavelli and Nietzsche to Michel Foucault and Pierre Bourdieu. It focuses on four value......-rational questions: (1) Where are we going with planning? (2) Who gains and who loses, and by which mechanisms of power? (3) Is this development desirable? (4) What should be done? These questions are exemplified for a specific instance of Scandinavian urban planning. The author finds that the questions...

  7. Bringing Power to Planning Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flyvbjerg, Bent

    2002-01-01

    This article provides an answer to what has been called the biggest problem in theorizing and understanding planning, namely the ambivalence about power found among planning researchers, theorists, and students. The author narrates how he came to work with issues of power. He then gives an example...... of how the methodology he developed for power studies, called "phronetic planning research," may be employed in practice. Phronetic planning research follows the tradition of power studies running from Machiavelli and Nietzsche to Michel Foucault and Pierre Bourdieu. It focuses on four value......-rational questions: (1) Where are we going with planning? (2) Who gains and who loses, and by which mechanisms of power? (3) Is this development desirable? (4) What should be done? These questions are exemplified for a specific instance of Scandinavian urban planning. The author finds that the questions...

  8. Integrated Wind Power Planning Tool

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosgaard, M. H.; Giebel, Gregor; Nielsen, T. S.;

    2012-01-01

    This poster presents the current state of the public service obligation (PSO) funded project PSO 10464, with the working title "Integrated Wind Power Planning Tool". The project commenced October 1, 2011, and the goal is to integrate a numerical weather prediction (NWP) model with purely...... statistical tools in order to assess wind power fluctuations, with focus on long term power system planning for future wind farms as well as short term forecasting for existing wind farms. Currently, wind power fluctuation models are either purely statistical or integrated with NWP models of limited...... resolution. With regard to the latter, one such simulation tool has been developed at the Wind Energy Division, Risø DTU, intended for long term power system planning. As part of the PSO project the inferior NWP model used at present will be replaced by the state-of-the-art Weather Research & Forecasting...

  9. Integrated Wind Power Planning Tool

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosgaard, M. H.; Hahmann, Andrea N.; Nielsen, T. S.;

    This poster describes the status as of April 2012 of the Public Service Obligation (PSO) funded project PSO 10464 \\Integrated Wind Power Planning Tool". The project goal is to integrate a meso scale numerical weather prediction (NWP) model with a statistical tool in order to better predict short...... term power variation from off shore wind farms, as well as to conduct forecast error assessment studies in preparation for later implementation of such a feature in an existing simulation model. The addition of a forecast error estimation feature will further increase the value of this tool, as it...

  10. Mechanisms of power in participatory rural planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Pia Heike; Chandler, Thomas Lund

    2015-01-01

    by the urban privilege to define the rural qualities and creation of local conflicts and that mechanisms of power that cause such unintended outcomes of rural planning projects should be uncovered. Inspired by Foucault's interpretation of power the paper carries out a grounded theory inspired analysis......This paper explores the specific mechanisms of power in participatory rural planning projects. It follows up on suggestions in planning literature about directing focus at the relational level in the assessment of power, rather than on who has power and who doesn't. The paper argues...... of a Danish rural participatory planning project. The paper concludes that rural planning literature and analysis will benefits from paying attention to the three – in rural participatory planning projects – specific mechanisms of power ‘Institutionalising knowledge and competencies’; ‘Structuring...

  11. 75 FR 23823 - Sixth Northwest Electric Power and Conservation Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-04

    ... POWER AND CONSERVATION PLANNING COUNCIL Sixth Northwest Electric Power and Conservation Plan AGENCY: Pacific Northwest Electric Power and Conservation Planning Council (Northwest Power and Conservation Council; the Council). ACTION: Notice of adoption of the Sixth Northwest Electric Power and...

  12. Offshore Wind Power Planning in Korea

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seo, Chul Soo; Cha, Seung-Tae; Park, Sang Ho;

    2012-01-01

    this possible, Korea has announced the National offshore power roadmap and is now in pursuit. However, large scale offshore wind farms can incur many problems, such as power quality problems, when connecting to a power system.[1][2] Thus, KEPCO is on the process of a research study to evaluate the effects...... that connecting offshore wind power generation to a power system has on the power system. This paper looks over offshore wind power planning in Korea and describes the development of impact assessment technology of offshore wind farms....

  13. Nuclear power infrastructure and planning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are several stages in the process of introducing nuclear power in a country. These include feasibility studies; technology evaluation; request for proposals and proposal evaluation; project and contracts development and financing; supply, construction, and commissioning; and finally operation. The IAEA is developing guidance directed to provide criteria for assessing the minimum infrastructure necessary for: a) a host country to consider when engaging in the implementation of nuclear power, or b) a supplier country to consider when assessing that the recipient country would be in an acceptable condition to begin the implementation of nuclear power. There are Member States that may be denied the benefits of nuclear energy if the infrastructure requirements are too large or onerous for the national economy. However if co-operation could be achieved, the infrastructure burden could be shared and economic benefits gained by several countries acting jointly. The IAEA is developing guidance on the potential for sharing of nuclear power infrastructure among countries adopting or extending nuclear power programme

  14. Nuclear power and energy planning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With the rapid depletion of conventional energy sources such as coal and oil and the growing world demand for energy the question of how to provide the extra energy needed in the future is addressed. Relevant facts and figures are presented. Coal and oil have disadvantages as their burning contributes to the greenhouse gases and they will become scarcer and more expensive. Renewable sources such as wind and wave power can supply some but not all future energy requirements. The case made for nuclear power is that it is the only source which offers the long term prospect of meeting the growing world energy demand whilst keeping energy costs close to present levels and which does not add to atmospheric pollution. Reassurance as to the safety of nuclear power plants and the safe disposal of radioactive wastes is given. (UK)

  15. Wind power and transmission grid planning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matilainen, J.A. [Finnish Transmission System Operator Fingrid, Helsinki (Finland); Haarla, L.C. [Helsinki Univ. of Technology, TKK (Finland). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

    2008-07-01

    This paper presents a method that combines the electricity market and power flow models and describes how they were used for transmission grid planning with large amounts of wind power in the power system. The market model (EMPS) is used by the Nordic Transmission System Operators (TSO), producers and market analysts. There are different possibilities to model the wind power in EMPS and different ways lead to different results. The paper presents a method for analysing the impacts of wind power by modifying the wind power representation in the market model. The paper presents how the purpose of the study (e.g. energy balance or dynamic impacts) should be taken into account when deciding which wind power modelling method to use. Additionally, an example of utilizing the models for planning the Nordic grid is described in this paper. The combined market and power flow software (Samlast) also has grid models inside the price areas and therefore it enables further grid analysis such as dynamic simulations. The paper presents the results of the combined model and different ways of using the results. The combined model can be used both for energy based grid analysis and for support of power flow analysis. The results show that there is a need of transmission grid investments in Finland if 4 GW wind power would be installed. (orig.)

  16. Nuclear power planning and feasibility studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This lecture will review the basic steps associated with planning the introduction of nuclear power. Areas covered will include power market surveys, energy resources evaluations, potential alternative strategies, organisational factors and implementational requirements. The lecture will then consider the implications and requirements associated with establishing the feasibility of a nuclear project. Among others, aspects of power systems integration, site selection reactor type evaluation, cost and economic analysis, influence of contracting strategies, comparison with alternative power generation solutions, financial impact, etc. will be discussed and reviewed. (HK)

  17. Combination of AC Transmission Expansion Planning and Reactive Power Planning in the restructured power system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► To overcome the disadvantages of DC model in Transmission Expansion Planning, AC model should be used. ► The Transmission Expansion Planning associated with Reactive Power Planning results in fewer new transmission lines. ► Electricity market concepts should be considered in Transmission Expansion Planning problem. ► Reliability aspects should be considered in Transmission Expansion Planning problem. ► Particle Swarm Optimization is a suitable optimization method to solve Transmission Expansion Planning problem. - Abstract: Transmission Expansion Planning (TEP) is an important issue in power system studies. It involves decisions on location and number of new transmission lines. Before deregulation of the power system, the goal of TEP problem was investment cost minimization. But in the restructured power system, nodal prices, congestion management, congestion surplus and so on, have been considered too. In this paper, an AC model of TEP problem (AC-TEP) associated with Reactive Power Planning (RPP) is presented. The goals of the proposed planning problem are to minimize investment cost and maximize social benefit at the same time. In the proposed planning problem, in order to improve the reliability of the system the Expected Energy Not Supplied (EENS) index of the system is limited by a constraint. For this purpose, Monte Carlo simulation method is used to determine the EENS. Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) method is used to solve the proposed planning problem which is a nonlinear mixed integer optimization problem. Simulation results on Garver and RTS systems verify the effectiveness of the proposed planning problem for reduction of the total investment cost, EENS index and also increasing social welfare of the system.

  18. MI high power operation and future plans

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kourbanis, Ioanis; /Fermilab

    2008-09-01

    Fermilab's Main Injector on acceleration cycles to 120 GeV has been running a mixed mode operation delivering beam to both the antiproton source for pbar production and to the NuMI[1] target for neutrino production since 2005. On January 2008 the slip stacking process used to increase the beam to the pbar target was expanded to include the beam to the NuMI target increasing both the beam intensity and power. The current high power MI operation will be described along with the near future plans.

  19. Transmission Expansion Planning in Deregulated Power Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Oloomi Buygi, Majid

    2004-01-01

    The main goal of this thesis is to present a centralized static approach for transmission expansion planning in deregulated power systems. Restructuring and deregulation have unbundled the roles of network stakeholders. They exposed transmission planner to the new objectives and uncertainties. Unbundling the roles has brought new challenges for stakeholders. In these environments, stakeholders have different desires and expectations from the performance and expansion of the system. Therefore,...

  20. Methods and Algorithms for Economic MPC in Power Production Planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sokoler, Leo Emil

    This thesis concerns methods and algorithms for power production planning in contemporary and future power systems. Power production planning is a task that involves decisions across different time scales and planning horizons. Hours-ahead to days-ahead planning is handled by solving a mixed...... concerned with EMPC for minutes-ahead production planning, we show that the proposed EMPC scheme can be extended to days-ahead planning (including unit commitment) as well. The power generation from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power is inherently uncertain and variable. A portfolio....... Benchmarks show that the special-purpose algorithms are significantly faster than current state-of-the-art solvers. As a potential application area of EMPC, we study power production planning in small isolated power systems. A critical part of power production planning in small isolated power systems...

  1. Strategic planning for power system restorations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bent, Russell W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Van Hententyck, Pascal [BROWN UNIV.; Coffrin, Carleton [BROWN UNIV.

    2010-10-12

    This paper considers the power system restoration planning problem (PSRPP) for disaster recovery, a fundamental problem faced by all populated areas. PSRPPs are complex stochastic optimization problems that combine resource allocation, warehouse location, and vehicle routing considerations. Furthermore, electrical power systems are complex systems whose behavior can only be determined by physics simulations. Moreover, these problems must be solved under tight runtime constraints to be practical in real-world disaster situations. This work is three fold: (1) it formalizes the specification of PSRPPs; (2) introduces a simple optimization-simulation hybridization necessary for solving PSRPPs; and (3) presents a complete restoration algorithm that utilizes the strengths of mixed integer programming, constraint programming, and large neighborhood search. This paper studied a novel problem in the field of humanitarian logistics, the Power System Restoration Problem (PSRPP). The PSRPP models the strategic planning process for post disaster power system recovery. The paper proposed a multi-stage stochastic hybrid optimization algorithm that yields high quality solutions to real-world benchmarks provided by Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The algorithm uses a variety of technologies, including MIP, constraint programming, and large neighborhood search, to exploit the structure of each individual optimization subproblem. The experimental results on hurricane disaster benchmarks indicate that the algorithm is practical from a computational standpoint and produce significant improvements over existing relief delivery procedures.

  2. Orbiter Auxiliary Power Unit Flight Support Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guirl, Robert; Munroe, James; Scott, Walter

    1990-01-01

    This paper discussed the development of an integrated Orbiter Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) and Improved APU (IAPU) Flight Suuport Plan. The plan identifies hardware requirements for continued support of flight activities for the Space Shuttle Orbiter fleet. Each Orbiter vehicle has three APUs that provide power to the hydraulic system for flight control surface actuation, engine gimbaling, landing gear deployment, braking, and steering. The APUs contain hardware that has been found over the course of development and flight history to have operating time and on-vehicle exposure time limits. These APUs will be replaced by IAPUs with enhanced operating lives on a vehicle-by-vehicle basis during scheduled Orbiter modification periods. This Flight Support Plan is used by program management, engineering, logistics, contracts, and procurement groups to establish optimum use of available hardware and replacement quantities and delivery requirements for APUs until vehicle modifications and incorporation of IAPUs. Changes to the flight manifest and program delays are evaluated relative to their impact on hardware availability.

  3. Standard metrics and methods for conducting Avian/wind energy interaction studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anderson, R.L. [California Energy Commission, Sacramento, CA (United States); Davis, H. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Kendall, W. [National Biological Service, Laurel, MD (United States)] [and others

    1997-12-31

    The awareness of the problem of avian fatalities at large scale wind energy developments first emerged in the late 1980`s at the Altamont Pass Wind Resource Area (WRA) in Central California. Observations of dead raptors at the Altamont Pass WRA triggered concern on the part of regulatory agencies, environmental/conservation groups, resource agencies, and wind and electric utility industries. This led the California Energy Commission staff, along with the planning departments of Alameda, Contra Costa, and Solano counties, to commission a study of bird mortality at the Altamont Pass WRA. In addition to the Altamont Pass WRA, other studies and observations have established that windplants kill birds. Depending upon the specific factors, this may or may not be a serious problem. The current level of scrutiny and caution exhibited during the permitting of a new windplant development in the United States results in costly delays and studies. This is occurring during a highly competitive period for electrical production companies in the USA. Clarification of the bird fatality issue is needed to bring it into perspective. This means standardizing metrics, defining terms, and recommending methods to be used in addressing or studying wind energy/bird interactions.

  4. Nuclear power in Asia: Experience and plans

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Asian countries have developed ambitious energy supply programs to expand their energy supply systems to meet the growing needs of their rapidly expanding economies. Most of their new electrical generation needs will be met by coal, oil and gas. However, the consideration of growing energy demand, energy security, environmental conservation, and technology enhancement is inducing more Asian countries toward the pursuit of nuclear power development. At present, nuclear power provides about 30% of electricity in Japan, and about 40% of electricity in Korea. These and other Asian countries are presumed to significantly increase their nuclear power generation capacities in coming years. Korea's nuclear power generation facilities are projected to grow from 12 gigawatt in 1998 to 16.7 gigawatt by 2004. On the other hand, China and India have now installed nuclear capacities of about 2 gigawatt, respectively, which will increase by a factor of two or more by 2004. The installed nuclear capacity in the Asian region totalled 67 gigawatt as of the end of 1997, representing about sixteen percent of the world capacity of 369 gigawatt. Looking to the year 2010, it is anticipated that most of the world's increase in nuclear capacity will come from Asia. It is further forecasted that Asian nations will continue to expand their nuclear capacity as they move into the 21st century. For example, China plans to develop additional 18 gigawatt of nuclear power plants by the year 2010. Nuclear power is also of particular interest to a number of emerging Asian countries in view of environmental conservation and mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions in particular. Nuclear power appeals to some countries because of its high technology content. The strength in an advanced technology, such as the technological capability related to nuclear power, contributes to the overall development of the corresponding country's engineering base, enhancement of industrial infrastructure and expansion of

  5. Solar power deployment: Forecasting and planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alanazi, Mohana

    The rapid growth of Photovoltaic (PV) technology has been very visible over the past decade. Recently, the penetration of PV plants to the existing grid has significantly increased. Such increase in the integration of solar energy has brought attention to the solar irradiance forecasting. This thesis presents a thorough research of PV technology, how solar power can be forecasted, and PV planning under uncertainty. Over the last decade, the PV was one of the fastest growing renewable energy technologies. However, the PV system output varies based on weather conditions. Due to the variability and the uncertainty of solar power, the integration of the electricity generated by PV system is considered one of the challenges that have confronted the PV system. This thesis proposes a new forecasting method to reduce the uncertainty of the PV output so the power operator will be able to accommodate its variability. The new forecasting method proposes different processes to be undertaken before the data is fed to the forecasting model. The method converts the data sets included in the forecasting from non-stationary data to a stationary data by applying different processes including: removing the offset, removing night time solar values, and normalization. The new forecasting method aims to reduce the forecasting error and analyzes the error effect on the long term planning through calculating the payback period considering different errors.

  6. Nuclear power plant Severe Accident Research Plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Severe Accident Research Plan (SARP) will provide technical information necessary to support regulatory decisions in the severe accident area for existing or planned nuclear power plants, and covers research for the time period of January 1982 through January 1986. SARP will develop generic bases to determine how safe the plants are and where and how their level of safety ought to be improved. The analysis to address these issues will be performed using improved probabilistic risk assessment methodology, as benchmarked to more exact data and analysis. There are thirteen program elements in the plan and the work is phased in two parts, with the first phase being completed in early 1984, at which time an assessment will be made whether or not any major changes will be recommended to the Commission for operating plants to handle severe accidents. Additionally at this time, all of the thirteen program elements in Chapter 5 will be reviewed and assessed in terms of how much additional work is necessary and where major impacts in probabilistic risk assessment might be achieved. Confirmatory research will be carried out in phase II to provide additional assurance on the appropriateness of phase I decisions. Most of this work will be concluded by early 1986

  7. Options for Bulgaria power system extension planning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Under the existing transition to market economy in Bulgaria, the planning of development of electricity generation is among the priorities of the national policy of restructuring and renovation of electricity system in the country. Optimal plans for development of the generation capacity are worked out by means of optimization procedure part of ENPEP package (ELECTRIC module) based on the dynamic programming technique. The optimal plans study three main strategies for development of energy capacities, which have to do with the priority of some type of natural resources--Coal, Natural Gas and Nuclear Energy. The Hydro Power Plant construction and loading schedule for each scenario is different and it harmonized with the maneuverability of other capacities. Coal scenario emphasizes the opportunities for the maximizing of local coal mining, substitution of black coal (energy and coke) import by mining of local coal fields and implementation of efficient and environmentally sound technologies when constructing new thermal power plants. Gas scenario envisages natural gas consumption within the limit of existing capacities of the national and transit pipelines. In this connection, the share of the new generating capacities using combined cycle increases their share. Nuclear scenario assumes increased share of the nuclear units at the expense of local coal mining and natural gas. This is due to the rehabilitation of 1,000 MW units in NPP Kozloduy, completion of a 1,000 MW unit in new NPP and construction of 1--2 new units 600 MW after 2010. The data obtained outlines the perspectives for development of energy generation capacities in Bulgaria for the period 2000--2020, tendencies in the generation structure and the share of each different type of generation units in the structure of electricity generation system. Output information serves as a sound base for conclusions on the advantages and disadvantages of the three strategies

  8. Improving acceptance in wind power planning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hammarlund, K. [Lund Univ. (Sweden). Dept. of Social and Economic Geography

    1996-12-01

    This paper presents important factors and planning procedures for public acceptance of wind power. Opinion surveys in Sweden show that acceptance is connected to the concept of utility rather than the aesthetic values. If wind turbines are confined by the authorities to marginal areas, they will not earn their rightful place in the landscape by being of use. A positive attitude in general promotes a positive experience of the effects of wind turbines. It is therefore essential to establish a sense of cooperation between the project management and the public. An open dialogue and continuous information will increase the possibilities for acceptance of future development. We must establish new codes of practice in permit processing because policies today contains ideological and practical contradictions between development and preservation of landscapes. 16 refs, 2 tabs

  9. Problems of Planning for Power Industry in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wu Jingru; Chen Jianbo; Chu Xue

    2006-01-01

    On the basis of summing up the development of electric power industry in the 10th Five-Year Plan period, the idea of electric power development planning from 2006 to 2020 is presented. The authors analyzed ten main problems that existed in electric development during the 10th Five-Year Plan period, forecasted the electricity generation from 2006 to 2020, put forward the development strategy of power industry, discussed the component and development program of hydropower, thermal power, nuclear power, natural gas power and renewable power, outlined the present situations of six regional power grids, power transmission from western to eastern regions, UHV AC/DC power transmission and nationwide power grid interconnections, and finally gave out seven suggestions about electric power development in the future.

  10. Overhead power lines. Planning, design, construction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kiessling, F.; Nefzger, P.; Nolasco, J.F.; Kaintzyk, U. [Siemens AG, Power Transmission and Distribution, Erlangen (Germany)

    2003-07-01

    The basic elements of overhead power line technology have been known for many years. However, this technology has continuously developed, for example, to adjust design of the lines to new transmission needs, to available rights-of-way, and to accommodate environmental concerns or resources. Since many existing overhead line installations are approaching the end of their economic and technical lifetime, strategies for maintenance to extending their operational life are needed. Also, because fo the introduction of new standards and deregulation, the basis of design and verification for all aspects and steps in overhead line planning and construction has changed. The industry, therefore, requires a publication reflecting these developments and changes. Overhead Power Lines presents not only the scientific and engineering basis for the electric and mechanical design, but also comprehensively describes all aspects of most recent technology, including the selection and design of components such as conductors, insulators, fittings, supports and foundations. The chapters on line survey, construction and maintenance address updated requirements and solutions. In addition, the book carefully considers the changing economic and technical environment of the overhead power line business. This publication is intended to introduce students and beginners to the full range of relevant topics of line design and implementation and to serve as a valuable reference to engineers and technicians employed by overhead line operators, contractors and consulting companies to carry out their daily tasks. The book also supplies everyone else in the electric-energy supply industry, including design, maintenance, and construction engineers, with a ready reference. This first English-language edition is based on the 5th German-language edition and incorporates the latest international standards edited by Cigre, the International Council of Large Electric Systems, IEC and CENELEC. The authors are

  11. Application of Interval Algorithm in Rural Power Network Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GU Zhuomu; ZHAO Yulin

    2009-01-01

    Rural power network planning is a complicated nonlinear optimized combination problem which based on load forecasting results, and its actual load is affected by many uncertain factors, which influenced optimization results of rural power network planning. To solve the problems, the interval algorithm was used to modify the initial search method of uncertainty load mathematics model in rural network planning. Meanwhile, the genetic/tabu search combination algorithm was adopted to optimize the initialized network. The sample analysis results showed that compared with the certainty planning, the improved method was suitable for urban medium-voltage distribution network planning with consideration of uncertainty load and the planning results conformed to the reality.

  12. Generation Expansion Planning with High Penetration of Wind Power

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharan, Ishan; Balasubramanian, R.

    2016-08-01

    Worldwide thrust is being provided in generation of electricity from wind. Planning for the developmental needs of wind based power has to be consistent with the objective and basic framework of overall resource planning. The operational issues associated with the integration of wind power must be addressed at the planning stage. Lack of co-ordinated planning of wind turbine generators, conventional generating units and expansion of the transmission system may lead to curtailment of wind power due to transmission inadequacy or operational constraints. This paper presents a generation expansion planning model taking into account fuel transportation and power transmission constraints, while addressing the operational issues associated with the high penetration of wind power. For analyzing the operational issues, security constrained unit commitment algorithm is embedded in the integrated generation and transmission expansion planning model. The integrated generation and transmission expansion planning problem has been formulated as a mixed integer linear problem involving both binary and continuous variables in GAMS. The model has been applied to the expansion planning of a real system to illustrate the proposed approach.

  13. Energy and nuclear power planning study for Armenia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Energy and Nuclear Power Planning (ENPP) study for Armenia has been conducted under the technical cooperation programme of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The objective of the study was to analyze the electricity demand as part of the total final energy demand in various scenarios of Armenian socioeconomic and technological development, and to develop economically optimized electric generating system expansion plans for meeting the electric power demand, and to assess the role that nuclear energy could play within these optimal programs. The specific objectives of this study were: to define the role that nuclear power could play in the future electricity supply in Armenia, based on a least-cost expansion planning analysis of the country's power system; to analyze the environmental impacts of such a nuclear power development; to evaluate the financial viability of the envisaged nuclear power development program; to train a group of Armenian experts in the use of the IAEA's energy models

  14. Power plant construction. Plan, build, repair

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Modern thermal power plants can now convert up to 90 % of the energy input into electricity. This increase in efficiency has been made possible through technological progress, but also through improvements in power plant construction. Despite a distinct rise in the proportion of renewable energies in electricity supplies, traditional power stations are still responsible for guaranteeing a large share of our energy supplies. Air pollution control, noise control, protection of natural waters and soils plus careful use of resources are the key themes in the design, construction and maintenance of power plants. Publishing house Ernst and Sohn provides competent, up-to-date information for civil and structural engineers entrusted with such challenging engineering tasks. The special issue ''Power Plant Construction'' brings together the appropriate articles from the journals ''Bautechnik'', ''Stahlbau'', ''Beton- und Stahlbetonbau'' and ''Geomechanics and Tunnelling''. The themes in this compendium cover a wide range of topics, including analysis and design of power plant installations, power station refurbishment and maintenance, special structures such as cooling towers, chimneys and boiler house frames plus the engineering aspects of coal-fired, nuclear and hydroelectric power stations. Reports on current products and projects complement the technical papers. (orig.)

  15. Language Revitalisation Planning Within a Power/Solidarity Framework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eggington, William G.

    2001-01-01

    Locates the success or failure of language revitalization programs in a framework of solidarity and power. Focuses on the implementation of the language revitalization program within language-in-education planning. (Author/VWL)

  16. Nonlinear integrated resource strategic planning model and case study in China's power sector planning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper we expand the IRSP (integrated resource strategic planning) model by including the external cost of TPPs (traditional power plants) and popularization cost of EPPs (efficiency power plants) with nonlinear functions. Case studies for power planning in China during 2011–2021 are conducted to show the efficacy of the model. Scenarios are compiled to compare the pathways of power planning under different policies. Results show that: 1) wind power will become competitive with technical learning, but its installation is undesirable when the external cost of coal power is not internalized; 2) the existence of popularization cost will hinder EPPs' (efficiency power plants) deployment and pure market mechanism is not enough to deliver EPPs at socially desirable scale; 3) imposition of progressive emission tax on coal power at an average of 0.15–0.20 RMB/KWh can remedy the market distortion and promote the development of wind power by a significant margin; 4) nuclear power will grow stably when its external cost is set no more than 0.187 RMB per KWh, or 87% of its internal cost. The proposed model can serve as a useful tool for decision support in the process of power planning and policy formulation for national government. - Highlights: • Improve IRSP model by adding nonlinear external and popularization cost. • The model is used to conduct China's power sector planning in 2011–2021. • Simulate the impacts of alternative energy policies on planning results. • The model can be used for joint power sector planning and policy design

  17. Nuclear power planning study for Saudi Arabia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The prospects of application of nuclear energy for production of electricity and desalinated water in the Kingdom are evaluated. General economic development of the country and data on reserves, production and consumption of oil and natural gas are reviewed. Electrical power system is described with data on production and consumption. Estimates of future power demand are made using Aoki method. Costs of production of electricity from 600 MW, 900 MW and 1200 MW nuclear and oil-fired power plants are calculated along with the costs of production of desalinated water from dual purpose nuclear and oil-fired plants. The economic analysis indicates that the cost of production of electricity and desalinated water are in general cheaper from the nuclear power plants. Suggests consideration of the use of nuclear energy for production of both electricity and desalinated water from 1415 H. Further detailed studies and prepartory organizational steps in this direction are outlined. 38 Ref

  18. Planning Mechanisms for Regional Electric Power Supply System Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evgeniy Anatolyevich Malyshev

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Key problems of the regional electric power supply systems are examined. These problems result from a lack of regulated interaction mechanisms for uniting the different entities’ resources aimed at the realization of investment activities. One of the main problems of the power supply industry is physical and moral aging of both generating and networking equipment. In the article, the necessity of management system formation to control the development of power sector has been proved. The deficiencies of the modern investment procedure in power companies are described. The absence of continuity between the regional and local strategic planning documents and investment planning of a power company has been found out. The possibility to develop a new mechanism for attracting investment has been proposed. The regulation of joint activities to implement the development program for the regional power supply industry has been proposed. The management system to develop the Russian power industry has been proposed. The comparative analysis of generating capacity development mechanisms has been carried out, such as capacity supply agreement (CSA, investment support mechanism (ISM, and long-term power market (LPM. The interaction procedure of the planning of the power supply infrastructure development has been described. The mechanism connecting the state sectoral and regional planning and corporate planning of power supply infrastructure development has been proposed. The regional aspects of industrial policy and its legislative support have been considered. To successfully implement the public-private-partnership (PPP projects, it is necessary to create the effective PPP model within the federal and regional legislation framework; to develop the financial model providing the recoverability of investments; to provide a mutually beneficial cooperation between executive bodies and private investors. The possibility to apply the PPP mechanism for regional

  19. Powering the people: India's capacity expansion plans

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Patel, S.

    2009-05-15

    India has become a global business power even though hundreds of millions of its citizens still live in poverty. To sustain economic growth and lift its people out of poverty, India needs more and more reliable power. Details of government plans for achieving those goals demonstrate that pragmatism may be in shorter supply than ambition and political will. 1 ref., 12 figs., 1 tab.

  20. Planning for decommissioning power plants in Japan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Komatsu, Junji (Research Association for Nuclear Facility Decommissioning, Tokaimura, Ibaraki (Japan))

    1993-02-01

    The first decommissioning of a commercial nuclear power plant in Japan is not expected before the early 2000s, but the technology and regulations needed are being developed now. Valuable technical experience is being gained from three current projects. These are the decommissioning of the Japan Reprocessing Test Facility, the Japan Power Demonstration Reactor and the nuclear ship Mutsu. Improving and commercialising the technology are seen as essential for the future to reduce occupational radiation exposure, the amount of waste and costs. International cooperation and information exchange are of increasing importance for developing technology and regulations. (U.K.).

  1. Station planning and design incorporating modern power system practice

    CERN Document Server

    Martin, PC

    1991-01-01

    The planning and design of new power stations can involve complex interaction between the many engineering disciplines involved as well as environmental, planning, economical, political and social pressures. This volume aims to provide a logical review of the procedures involved in power station development. The engineering aspects are outlined in detail, with examples, showing the basis of the relationships involved together with ""non-engineering"" factors so that the engineer can draw on the information provided for specific projects. The civil engineering and building of power stations are

  2. Efficient energy utilization and environmental issues applied to power planning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Campbell, Hector, E-mail: hcampbellr@gmail.com [Instituto de Ingenieria, Universidad Autonoma de Baja California, Blvd Benito Juarez y calle de la Normal, Col Insurgentes Este, CP 21280, Mexicali, B.C., Mexico, P.O. Box 3439, Calexico, CA 92232 (United States); Montero, Gisela; Perez, Carlos [Instituto de Ingenieria, Universidad Autonoma de Baja California, Blvd Benito Juarez y calle de la Normal, Col Insurgentes Este, CP 21280, Mexicali, B.C., Mexico, P.O. Box 3439, Calexico, CA 92232 (United States); Lambert, Alejandro [Facultad de Ingenieria, Universidad Autonoma de Baja California, Blvd Benito Juarez y calle de la Normal, Col Insurgentes Este, CP 21280, Mexicali, B.C. (Mexico)

    2011-06-15

    This document shows the importance of policies for electric energy savings and efficient energy utilization in power planning. The contributions of economic, social, and environmental items were evaluated according to their financial effects in the delay of investments, reduction of production costs and decrement of environmental emissions. The case study is Baja California, Mexico; this system has a unique primary source: geothermal energy. Whether analyzing the planning as usual or planning from the supply side, the forecast for 2005-2025 indicates that 4500 MW additional installed capacity will be required (3-times current capacity), representing an investment that will emit 12.7 Mton per year of CO{sub 2} to the atmosphere and will cost US$2.8 billion. Systemic planning that incorporates polices of energy savings and efficiency allows the reduction of investments and pollutant emissions. For example, a reduction of 20% in the growth trend of the electricity consumption in the industrial customers would save US$10.4 billion over the next 20 years, with a potential reduction of 1.6 Mton/year of CO{sub 2}. The increase in geothermal power generation is also attractive, and it can be combined with the reduction of use and energy losses of utilities, which would save US$13.5 billion and prevent the discharge of 8.5 Mton/year of CO{sub 2}. - Highlights: > We contrast power planning methods for supply electricity for economy development. > Importance of policies for electricity savings and efficient use in power planning. > Systemic planning facilitates decision-making process for electricity optimization. > Supply-side planning will cause climb in prices and loss of energy self-sufficiency. > Power planning should be immersed in an environment of appropriate energy policies.

  3. Emergency plans for nuclear power accidents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report presents an evaluation of an exercise of emergency services during a simulated accident at the nuclear power plant of Barsebaeck, Sweden. The aim of the exercise was to test Swedish and Danish organizations and various collaborative co-ordinations. Recommendations for future exercises are given. (G.B.)

  4. Schedule Planning for Repairing Power Supply System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuo-Wei Lin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Taiwan is located in the tropical ocean areas. The strong typhoon in summer often causes the collapse of electric transmission towers and results in power outages that seriously affect peoples lives and industrial production. Approach: In light of this situation, this study aims to employ project management techniques of Theory of Constraints (TOC to develop a practical TOC model to quickly repair the towers and restore power supplied system. Results: The actual application had verified that the research model could not only shorten the duration of work but also save the manpower and material expenses. Conclusion: It once again proved the excellent results of reparation operations by applying TOC to project management.

  5. Kilowatt isotope power system. Phase II plan. Volume I. Phase II program plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The development of a Kilowatt Isotope Power System (KIPS) was begun in 1975 for the purpose of satisfying the power requirements of satellites in the 1980's. The KIPS is a 238PuO2-fueled organic Rankine cycle turbine power system to provide a design output of 500 to 2000 W. Phase II of the overall 3-phase KIPS program is described. This volume presents a program plan for qualifying the organic Rankine power system for flight test in 1982. The program plan calls for the design and fabrication of the proposed flight power system; conducting a development and a qualification program including both environmental and endurance testing, using an electrical and a radioisotope heat source; planning for flight test and spacecraft integration; and continuing ground demonstration system testing to act as a flight system breadboard and to accumulate life data

  6. Economic market design and planning for electric power systems

    CERN Document Server

    Mili, Lamine

    2010-01-01

    Discover cutting-edge developments in electric power systems. Stemming from cutting-edge research and education activities in the field of electric power systems, this book brings together the knowledge of a panel of experts in economics, the social sciences, and electric power systems. In ten concise and comprehensible chapters, the book provides unprecedented coverage of the operation, control, planning, and design of electric power systems. It also discusses:. A framework for interdisciplinary research and education;. Modeling electricity markets;. Alternative economic criteria and proactiv.

  7. Power Sources Planning,Construction and Operation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@The year 2000 was a year when China's national economical and social development witnessed tremendous achievements, and China's electric power industry successfully realized the objectives set at the beginning of the year 2000. In 2000, the nationwide electricity generation fulfilled 1368.5 TWh, an increase of 10.975% on the basis of yearon-year; the newly commissioned generating capacity reached 20,553 MW. With annual newly commissioned generating capacity exceeding 10,000 MW consecutively for thirteen years, the nationwide total installed generating capacity hit 319,320.9 MW by the end of 2000, striding onto the new step of 300,000 MW. The nationwide total installed generating capacity and electricity generation and their mixes in 2000 are listed in Table 1.

  8. Integrated resource strategic planning and power demand-side management

    CERN Document Server

    Hu, Zhaoguang; Wen, Quan

    2013-01-01

    Integrated Resource Strategic Planning and Power Demand-Side Management elaborates two important methods - Integrated Resource Strategic Planning (IRSP) and Demand Side Management (DSM) - in terms of methodology modeling, case studies and lessons learned. This book introduces a prospective and realistic theory of the IRSP method and includes typical best practices of DSM for energy conservation and emission reduction in different countries. It can help energy providers and governmental decision-makers formulate policies and make plans for energy conservation and emission reduction, and can hel

  9. Planning construction of integrative schedule management for nuclear power project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper introduces the planning construction of integrative schedule management for Nuclear Power Project. It details schedule management system and the requirement of schedulers and the mode of three schedule management flats. And analysis it combing with the implementation of construction water and all special schedules before FCD to further propose the improving and researching direction for the integrative schedule management. (authors)

  10. New Brunswick Power Corporation: Business plan, 1994-1999

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The first publicly available business plan for the New Brunswick Power Corp. is presented. The five-year plan provides an overview of the Corporation's performance and directions, including possible future rate increases. A review of the corporate history of the utility is followed by a description of the strategic framework under which the Corporation conducts its business operations. The information presented includes customer requirements, power generation and transmission, system operations, personnel management, environmental protection, and external factors affecting operations. This overview demonstrates the complex issues facing the utility, the choices made in the past, and the matters that will have to be faced in the future. The business overview is followed by focused business plans in six key functional areas (facilities, operations, personnel, technology, environment, and finances) and comprehensive financial forecasts that outline a commitment to maintain competitive rates for customers. The reasoning behind the forecasts is explained and a glossary is included. 21 figs., 16 tabs

  11. Electric power system planning issues, algorithms and solutions

    CERN Document Server

    Seifi, Hossein

    2011-01-01

    The present book addresses the long- term power system planning issues for professionals as well as senior level and postgraduate students. The book is written as a self-reading book. Back-up materials are provided in appendices of the book. The readers can use the numerous examples presented in the chapters bodies and problems at the end of the chapters to make sure that the materials are adequately followed up. Based on what ""Matlab"" provides as a powerful package for students and professional, in terms of both power system studies and mathematical aspects, the examples and problems are so

  12. Short-Term Planning of Hybrid Power System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knežević, Goran; Baus, Zoran; Nikolovski, Srete

    2016-07-01

    In this paper short-term planning algorithm for hybrid power system consist of different types of cascade hydropower plants (run-of-the river, pumped storage, conventional), thermal power plants (coal-fired power plants, combined cycle gas-fired power plants) and wind farms is presented. The optimization process provides a joint bid of the hybrid system, and thus making the operation schedule of hydro and thermal power plants, the operation condition of pumped-storage hydropower plants with the aim of maximizing profits on day ahead market, according to expected hourly electricity prices, the expected local water inflow in certain hydropower plants, and the expected production of electrical energy from the wind farm, taking into account previously contracted bilateral agreement for electricity generation. Optimization process is formulated as hourly-discretized mixed integer linear optimization problem. Optimization model is applied on the case study in order to show general features of the developed model.

  13. HEMP emergency planning and operating procedures for electric power systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reddoch, T.W.; Markel, L.C. (Electrotek Concepts, Inc., Knoxville, TN (United States))

    1991-01-01

    Investigations of the impact of high-altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP) on electric power systems and electrical equipment have revealed that HEMP creates both misoperation and failures. These events result from both the early time E[sub 1] (steep-front pulse) component and the late time E[sub 3] (geomagnetic perturbations) component of HEMP. In this report a HEMP event is viewed in terms of its marginal impact over classical power system disturbances by considering the unique properties and consequences of HEMP. This report focuses on system-wide electrical component failures and their potential consequences from HEMP. In particular, the effectiveness of planning and operating procedures for electric systems is evaluated while under the influence of HEMP. This assessment relies on published data and characterizes utilities using the North American Electric Reliability Council's regions and guidelines to model electric power system planning and operations. Key issues addressed by the report include how electric power systems are affected by HEMP and what actions electric utilities can initiate to reduce the consequences of HEMP. The report also reviews the salient features of earlier HEMP studies and projects, examines technology trends in the electric power industry which are affected by HEMP, characterizes the vulnerability of power systems to HEMP, and explores the capability of electric systems to recover from a HEMP event.

  14. Green power: A renewable energy resources marketing plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Green power is electricity generated from renewable energy sources such as power generated from the sun, the wind, the heat of the earth, and biomass. Green pricing is the marketing strategy to sell green power to customers who voluntarily pay a premium for it. Green pricing is evolving from the deregulation of the electric industry, the need for clean air, reflected in part as concern over global warming, and technology advances. The goal of the renewable energy marketing plan is to generate enough revenues for a utility to fund power purchase agreements (PPAs) with renewable energy developers or construct its own renewable facilities. Long-term, fixed price PPAs enable developers to obtain financing to construct new facilities, sometimes taking technological risks which a utility might not take otherwise. The marketing plan is built around different rate premiums for different categories of ratepayers, volunteer customer participation, customer participation recognition, and budget allocations between project costs and power marketing costs. Green prices are higher than those for conventional sources, particularly prices from natural gas fired plants. Natural gas is abundant relative to oil in price per British thermal unit (Btu). Green pricing can help bridge the gap between the current oversupply of gas and the time, not far off, when all petroleum prices will exceed those for renewable energy. The rapid implementation of green pricing is important. New marketing programs will bolster the growing demand for renewable energy evidenced in many national surveys thus decreasing the consumption of power now generated by burning hydrocarbons. This paper sets forth a framework to implement a green power marketing plan for renewable energy developers and utilities working together

  15. Nuclear power plant thermal-hydraulic performance research program plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this program plan is to present a more detailed description of the thermal-hydraulic research program than that provided in the NRC Five-Year Plan so that the research plan and objectives can be better understood and evaluated by the offices concerned. The plan is prepared by the Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research (RES) with input from the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation (NRR) and updated periodically. The plan covers the research sponsored by the Reactor and Plant Systems Branch and defines the major issues (related to thermal-hydraulic behavior in nuclear power plants) the NRC is seeking to resolve and provides plans for their resolution; relates the proposed research to these issues; defines the products needed to resolve these issues; provides a context that shows both the historical perspective and the relationship of individual projects to the overall objectives; and defines major interfaces with other disciplines (e.g., structural, risk, human factors, accident management, severe accident) needed for total resolution of some issues. This plan addresses the types of thermal-hydraulic transients that are normally considered in the regulatory process of licensing the current generation of light water reactors. This process is influenced by the regulatory requirements imposed by NRC and the consequent need for technical information that is supplied by RES through its contractors. Thus, most contractor programmatic work is administered by RES. Regulatory requirements involve the normal review of industry analyses of design basis accidents, as well as the understanding of abnormal occurrences in operating reactors. Since such transients often involve complex thermal-hydraulic interactions, a well-planned thermal-hydraulic research plan is needed

  16. Long-Term Planning in Restructured Power Systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This thesis describes the development of three decision support models for long-term investment planning in restructured power systems. The model concepts address the changing conditions for the electric power industry, with the introduction of more competitive markets, higher uncertainty and less centralised planning. Under these circumstances there is an emerging need for new planning models, also for analyses of the power system in a long-term perspective. The thesis focuses particularly on how dynamic and stochastic modelling can contribute to the improvement of decision making in a restructured power industry. We argue that the use of such modelling approaches has become more important after the introduction of competitive power markets, due to the participants' increased exposure to price fluctuations and economic risk. Our models can be applied by individual participants in the power system to evaluate investment projects for new power generation capacity. The models can also serve as a decision support tool on a regulatory level, providing analyses of the long-term performance of the power system under different regulations and market designs. In Chapter 1, we give a brief introduction to the ongoing development towards restructuring and liberalisation of the electrical power system. A discussion of the operation and organisation of restructured power systems is also provided. In Chapter 2, we look more specifically at different modelling approaches for expansion planning in electrical power systems. We also discuss how the contributions in this thesis compare to previous work in the field of decision support models for long-term planning in both regulated and competitive power systems. In Chapter 3, we develop a power market simulation model based on system dynamics. The advantages and limitations of using descriptive system dynamics models for long-term planning purposes in this context are also discussed. Chapter 4 is devoted to a novel optimisation

  17. Coal Power Systems strategic multi-year program plans; TOPICAL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE), through the Coal and Power Systems (C and PS) program, funds research to advance the scientific knowledge needed to provide new and improved energy technologies; to eliminate any detrimental environmental effects of energy production and use; and to maintain US leadership in promoting the effective use of US power technologies on an international scale. Further, the C and PS program facilitates the effective deployment of these technologies to maximize their benefits to the Nation. The following Strategic Plan describes how the C and PS program intends to meet the challenges of the National Energy Strategy to: (1) enhance American's energy security; (2) improve the environmental acceptability of energy production and use; (3) increase the competitiveness and reliability of US energy systems; and (4) ensure a robust US energy future. It is a plan based on the consensus of experts and managers from FE's program offices and the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL)

  18. Dungeness Power Station off-site emergency plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This off-site Emergency Plan in the event of an accidental release of radioactivity at the Dungeness Nuclear power station sets out the necessary management and coordination processes between Nuclear Electric, operators of the site, the emergency services and relevant local authorities. The objectives promoting the aim are identified and the activities which will be undertaken to protect the public and the environment in the event of an emergency are outlined. (UK)

  19. Planning of emergency medical treatment in nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Medical staffs and health physicists have shown deep concerning at the emergency plans of nuclear power plants after the TMI nuclear accident. The most important and basic countermeasure for accidents was preparing appropriate and concrete organization and plans for treatment. We have planed emergency medical treatment for radiation workers in a nuclear power plant institute. The emergency medical treatment at institute consisted of two stages, that is on-site emergency treatment at facility medical service. In first step of planning in each stage, we selected and treatment at facility medical service. In first step of planning in each stage, we selected and analyzed all possible accidents in the institute and discussed on practical treatments for some possible accidents. The manuals of concrete procedure of emergency treatment for some accidents were prepared following discussion and facilities and equipment for medical treatment and decontamination were provided. All workers in the institute had periodical training and drilling of on-site emergency treatment and mastered technique of first aid. Decontamination and operation rooms were provided in the facillity medical service. The main functions at the facility medical service have been carried out by industrial nurses. Industrial nurses have been in close co-operation with radiation safety officers and medical doctors in regional hospital. (author)

  20. Planning and architectural safety considerations in designing nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To achieve optimum safety and to avoid possible hazards in nuclear power plants, considering architectural design fundamentals and all operating precautions is mandatory. There are some planning and architectural precautions should be considered to achieve a high quality design and construction of nuclear power plant with optimum safety. This paper highlights predicted hazards like fire, terrorism, aircraft crash attacks, adversaries, intruders, and earthquakes, proposing protective actions against these hazards that vary from preventing danger to evacuating and sheltering people in-place. For instance; using safeguards program to protect against sabotage, theft, and diversion. Also, site and building well design focusing on escape pathways, emergency exits, and evacuation zones, and the safety procedures such as; evacuation exercises and sheltering processes according to different emergency classifications. In addition, this paper mentions some important codes and regulations that control nuclear power plants design, and assessment methods that evaluate probable risks. (author)

  1. Air quality analysis for the Western Area Power Administration's 2004 Power Marketing Plan Environmental Impact Statement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Western Area Power Administration (Western) markets and transmits electric power throughout 15 western states. Western's Sierra Nevada Customer Service Region (Sierra Nevada Region) markets approximately 1,480 megawatts (MW) of firm power (plus 100 MW of seasonal peaking capacity) from the Central Valley Project (CVP) and other resources. Western's mission is to sell and deliver electricity generated from these resources. Western's capacity and energy sales must be in conformance with the laws that govern its sale of electrical power. Further, Western's hydropower operations at each facility must comply with minimum and maximum flows and other constraints set by other regulatory agencies. The Sierra Nevada Region proposes to develop a marketing plan that defines the products and services it would offer beyond the year 2004 and the eligibility and allocation criteria for its electric power resources. Because determining levels of long-term firm power resources to be marketed and subsequently entering into contracts for the delivery of related products and services could be a major Federal action with potentially significant impacts to the human environment, the 2004 Power Marketing Plan Environmental Impact Statement (2004 EIS) is being prepared. Decisions made by the Sierra Nevada Region on how and when to supply power to its customers would influence the operation of power plants within the Western Systems Coordinating Council (WSCC). If the resources affected are thermal resources, this could in turn affect the amount, timing, and location of pollutant emissions to the air at locations throughout the western United States. This report has been produced in conjunction with the 2004 EIS to provide a more detailed discussion of the air quality implications of the 2004 power marketing plan

  2. Pulsed Power: Sandia's Plans for the New Millenium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pulsed power science and engineering activities at Sandia National Laboratories grew out of a programmatic need for intense radiation sources to advance capabilities in radiographic imaging and to create environments for testing and certifying the hardness of components and systems to radiation in hostile environments. By the early 1970s, scientists in laboratories around the world began utilizing pulsed power drivers with very short (10s of nanoseconds) pulse lengths for Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) experiments. In the United States, Defense Programs within the Department of Energy has sponsored this research. Recent progress in pulsed power, specifically fast-pulsed-power-driven z pinches, in creating temperatures relevant to ICF has been remarkable. Worldwide developments in pulsed power technologies and increased applications in both defense and industry are contrasted with ever increasing stress on research and development tiding. The current environment has prompted us at Sandia to evaluate our role in the continued development of pulsed power science and to consider options for the future. This presentation will highlight our recent progress and provide an overview of our plans as we begin the new millennium

  3. Indicators for management of planned outages in nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The outages considered within the scope of this publication are planned refuelling outages (PWR and BWR nuclear power plants) and planned outages associated with major maintenance, tests and inspections (PHWR and LWGR nuclear power plants). The IAEA has published some valuable reports providing guidance and assistance to operating organizations on outage management. This TECDOC outlines main issues to be considered in outage performance monitoring and provides guidance to operating organizations for the development and implementation of outage programmes which could enhance plant safety, reliability and economics. It also complements the series of reports published by the IAEA on outage management and on previous work related to performance indicators developed for monitoring different areas of plant operation, such as safety, production, reliability and economics. This publication is based upon the information presented at a technical meeting to develop a standardized set of outage indicators for outage optimization, which was organised in Vienna, 6-9 October 2003. At this meeting, case studies and good practices relating to performance indicator utilization in the process of planned outage management were presented and discussed

  4. Energy and nuclear power planning study for Thailand

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present report describes the study conducted in co-operation with several agencies and organizations from Thailand and covers the energy and electricity requirements and the optimal expansion plans for the power generating system for this country up to year 2011. It is emphasized that the study was carried out by a team of experts from the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT), the National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB), the National Energy Administration (NEA) and the Office of Atomic Energy for Peace (OAEP), who were fully responsible for all phases of the study, including the production of the present report. The IAEA's responsibility was to provide overall co-ordination and general guidance during the conduct of the study, as well as training and assistance in the implementation and use of the IAEA's computerized planning methodologies on the computer facilities of Thailand. Refs, figs and tabs

  5. Models and Methods for Urban Power Distribution Network Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余贻鑫; 王成山; 葛少云; 肖俊; 严雪飞; 黄纯华

    2004-01-01

    The models, methods and their application experiences of a practical GIS(geographic information system)-based computer decision-making support system of urban power distribution network planning with seven subsystems, termed CNP, are described. In each subsystem there is at least one or one set of practical mathematical methobs. Some new models and mathematical methods have been introduced. In the development of GNP the idea of cognitive system engineering has been insisted on, which claims that human and computer intelligence should be combined together to solve the complex engineering problems cooperatively. Practical applications have shown that not only the optimal plan can be automatically reached with many complicated factors considered, but also the computation,analysis and graphic drawing burden can be released considerably.

  6. Application of reliability worth concepts in power system operational planning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mello, J.C.O. [Centro de Pesquisas de Energia Eletrica (CEPEL), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Silva, A.M. Leite da [Pontificia Univ. Catolica do Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Pereira, M.V.F. [Power System Research (PSR), Inc., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    1994-12-31

    This work describes the application of a new methodology for calculating total system interruption costs in power system operational planning. Some important operational aspects are discussed: chronological load curves, customer damage functions for each consumer class, maintenance scheduling and non-exponential repair times. It is also presented the calculation of the probability distribution of the system interruption cost to improve the decision making process associated with alternative operational strategies. The Brazilian Southeastern system is used to illustrate all previous applications. (author) 24 refs., 8 figs., 4 tabs.

  7. New developments in planning of reactive power compensation devices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The need to compensate reactive-power is highlighted by the well-known problem that arises when starting up very powerful nuclear plants, sometimes located very far away from the areas of consumption. Since the EHV network is very expanded and highly meshed, such need varies considerably as a function of the availability of the generating units and the grid. To tackle this problem, the authors have drawn up a new, basically probabilistic, method which accounts for the great many different situations characterizing a large meshed network (1000 nodes) while providing reasonably safe operating conditions in case of n-1 contingency. It is today an operational method. The authors illustrate it with the results of a recent study on compensation device-planning on the EHV EDF network by 1990

  8. HEMP emergency planning and operating procedures for electric power systems. Power Systems Technology Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reddoch, T.W.; Markel, L.C. [Electrotek Concepts, Inc., Knoxville, TN (United States)

    1991-12-31

    Investigations of the impact of high-altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP) on electric power systems and electrical equipment have revealed that HEMP creates both misoperation and failures. These events result from both the early time E{sub 1} (steep-front pulse) component and the late time E{sub 3} (geomagnetic perturbations) component of HEMP. In this report a HEMP event is viewed in terms of its marginal impact over classical power system disturbances by considering the unique properties and consequences of HEMP. This report focuses on system-wide electrical component failures and their potential consequences from HEMP. In particular, the effectiveness of planning and operating procedures for electric systems is evaluated while under the influence of HEMP. This assessment relies on published data and characterizes utilities using the North American Electric Reliability Council`s regions and guidelines to model electric power system planning and operations. Key issues addressed by the report include how electric power systems are affected by HEMP and what actions electric utilities can initiate to reduce the consequences of HEMP. The report also reviews the salient features of earlier HEMP studies and projects, examines technology trends in the electric power industry which are affected by HEMP, characterizes the vulnerability of power systems to HEMP, and explores the capability of electric systems to recover from a HEMP event.

  9. The management plan preparation activities nuclear power plant in Indonesia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A feasibility Study that has been updated show that two nuclear power units with each unit of power up to 1000 MWe can represent decently an economical alternative energy supply. It added that the available time schedule was quite tight so that the preparation for the development must be starting first. This paper will discuss the preparation of plans of the first nuclear power plant which includes program activities, the structure of contracts, schedules of activities and funding. From the information obtained to date that in addition to a candidate site that is ready to be built in Muria peninsula is still required another potential alternative site besides to search other complete data information. This site investigation activities completed within the time schedule was passed ''critical path'', so that these activities should be carried out intensively and obey the time. This paper describes the steps that need to be prepared to welcome the first nuclear power plant, after reviewing the various input above and apply the reality in Indonesia as the initial conditions. (author)

  10. Optimal electric power generation planning with environmental constraints

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    evaluating the trade-off among conflict objectives and identifying plans which represent good compromises. Simulations are then presented on the Lebanese Electric Power System in both operation and expansion planning. Finally, the thesis concludes on the results of the efficacy of the developed program and presents some recommendations concerning the Lebanese system. (author)

  11. Coal Power Systems strategic multi-year program plans

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2001-02-01

    The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE), through the Coal and Power Systems (C and PS) program, funds research to advance the scientific knowledge needed to provide new and improved energy technologies; to eliminate any detrimental environmental effects of energy production and use; and to maintain US leadership in promoting the effective use of US power technologies on an international scale. Further, the C and PS program facilitates the effective deployment of these technologies to maximize their benefits to the Nation. The following Strategic Plan describes how the C and PS program intends to meet the challenges of the National Energy Strategy to: (1) enhance American's energy security; (2) improve the environmental acceptability of energy production and use; (3) increase the competitiveness and reliability of US energy systems; and (4) ensure a robust US energy future. It is a plan based on the consensus of experts and managers from FE's program offices and the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL).

  12. Wind power planning in France (Aveyron), from State regulation to local planning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nadai, Alain [CIRED - Centre Int. de Recherche sur l' Environnement et le Developpement (France); Labussiere, Olivier [Univ. de Pau et des Pays de l' Adour, Laboratoire Societe Environnement Territoire (France)

    2007-07-01

    Since a few years, French wind power has undertaken an unprecedented development. Few turbines are in place (756 MW), but the overall granted capacity amounts to about 2.7 GW. The administrative territory of Aveyron, one of the best wind power potential in the Country, is an interesting case for understanding the ways in which industrial wind power is being developed and regulated in France. The paper presents Aveyron wind power development by dividing it into three periods. For each period, we also sketch national developments in wind power policy.Between 1996 and 2000, Aveyron was one of the few places selected for developing wind parks under the French 'Eole 2005' call for tender. Between 2000 and 2005, French regulation shifted to fixed tariffs for small wind parks (less than 12 MW). The lack of planning approach provided developers with a window for profits. Numerous projects of small parks were submitted for development authorisation, overflowing the local administration. During the year of 2003, a new law on urbanism provided some rules for individual project developments without answering the key issue of territorial planning. In Aveyron, a local scheme devised by the decentralized branches of the State had a limited reach due to the lack of mandatory status and concentration.In July 2005, a new Energy Law imposed the design of Wind Power Development Zones (WPDZ) as a condition for tariff benefit (starting July 2007). WPDZ appeared to local actors as a promising tool but it came late. Many projects were already granted with construction permits.

  13. Integrating Photovoltaic Systems in Power System: Power Quality Impacts and Optimal Planning Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aida Fazliana Abdul Kadir

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is an overview of some of the main issues in photovoltaic based distributed generation (PVDG. A discussion of the harmonic distortion produced by PVDG units is presented. The maximum permissible penetration level of PVDG in distribution system is also considered. The general procedures of optimal planning for PVDG placement and sizing are also explained in this paper. The result of this review shows that there are different challenges for integrating PVDG in the power systems. One of these challenges is integrated system reliability whereas the amount of power produced by renewable energy source is consistent. Thus, the high penetration of PVDG into grid can decrease the reliability of the power system network. On the other hand, power quality is considered one of the challenges of PVDG whereas the high penetration of PVDGs can lead to more harmonic propagation into the power system network. In addition to that, voltage fluctuation of the integrated PVDG and reverse power flow are two important challenges to this technology. Finally, protection of power system with integrated PVDG is one of the most critical challenges to this technology as the current protection schemes are designed for unidirectional not bidirectional power flow pattern.

  14. NASA's Radioisotope Power Systems Planning and Potential Future Systems Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakrajsek, June F.; Woerner, Dave F.; Cairns-Gallimore, Dirk; Johnson, Stephen G.; Qualls, Louis

    2016-01-01

    The goal of NASA's Radioisotope Power Systems (RPS) Program is to make RPS ready and available to support the exploration of the solar system in environments where the use of conventional solar or chemical power generation is impractical or impossible to meet the needs of the missions. To meet this goal, the RPS Program, working closely with the Department of Energy, performs mission and system studies (such as the recently released Nuclear Power Assessment Study), assesses the readiness of promising technologies to infuse in future generators, assesses the sustainment of key RPS capabilities and knowledge, forecasts and tracks the Program's budgetary needs, and disseminates current information about RPS to the community of potential users. This process has been refined and used to determine the current content of the RPS Program's portfolio. This portfolio currently includes an effort to mature advanced thermoelectric technology for possible integration into an enhanced Multi-Mission Radioisotope Generator (eMMRTG), sustainment and production of the currently deployed MMRTG, and technology investments that could lead to a future Stirling Radioisotope Generator (SRG). This paper describes the program planning processes that have been used, the currently available MMRTG, and one of the potential future systems, the eMMRTG.

  15. 7 CFR 1710.252 - Construction work plans-power supply borrowers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Construction work plans-power supply borrowers. 1710... LOANS AND GUARANTEES Construction Work Plans and Related Studies § 1710.252 Construction work plans..., environmental and other studies and plans needed to support the construction of facilities, when such cost...

  16. Southern African Power Pool: Planning and Prospects for Renewable Energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miketa, Asami [IRENA, Bonn (Germany); Merven, Bruno [Energy Research Centre, Univ. of Cape Town (South Africa)

    2013-06-25

    With the energy systems of many African countries dominated by fossil-fuel sources that are vulnerable to global price volatility, regional and intra-continental power systems with high shares of renewable energy can provide least-cost option to support continued economic growth and address the continent’s acute energy access problem. Unlocking Africa’s huge renewable energy potential could help to take many people out of poverty, while ensuring the uptake of sustainable technologies for the continent’s long-term development. The report examines the ''renewable scenario'' based on a modelling tool developed by IRENA and tested in cooperation with the South African National Energy Development Institute (SANEDI) and the Southern African Development Community (SADC). Initial results from the System Planning and Test (SPLAT) model show that the share of renewable technologies in Southern Africa could increase from the current 10% to as much as 46% in 2030, with 20% of decentralised capacity coming from renewable sources and nearly 80% of the envisaged capacity additions between 2010 and 2030 being provided by renewable energy technologies. Deployment and export of hydropower from the Democratic Republic of Congo’s Inga hydropower project to the SADC region would significantly reduce average electricity generation costs. Analysis using SPLAT – along with a similar model developed for West Africa – can provide valuable input for regional dialogue and energy projects such as the East and Southern Africa Clean Energy Corridor and the Programme for Infrastructure and Development in Africa (PIDA). IRENA, together with partner organisations, has started plans to set up capacity building and development support for energy system modelling and planning for greater integration of renewables in Africa. IRENA is also completing a similar model and study for East Africa and intends to extend this work to Central and North Africa.

  17. West African Power Pool: Planning and Prospects for Renewable Energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miketa, Asami [IRENA, Bonn (Germany); Merven, Bruno [Energy Research Centre, Univ. of Cape Town (South Africa)

    2013-06-25

    With the energy systems of many African countries dominated by fossil-fuel sources that are vulnerable to global price volatility, regional and intra-continental power systems with high shares of renewable energy can provide least-cost option to support continued economic growth and address the continent’s acute energy access problem. Unlocking Africa’s huge renewable energy potential could help to take many people out of poverty, while ensuring the uptake of sustainable technologies for the continent’s long-term development. The report examines a ''renewable scenario'' based on a modelling tool developed by IRENA and tested with assistance from the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). Initial results from the ECOWAS Renewable Energy Planning (EREP) model for continental ECOWAS countries show that the share of renewable technologies in the region could increase from the current 22% of electricity generation to as much as 52% in 2030, provided that the cost of these technologies continues to fall and fossil fuel prices continue to rise. In this scenario, nearly half of the envisaged capacity additions between 2010 and 2030 would be with renewable technologies. Analysis using EREP – along with a similar model developed for Southern Africa – can provide valuable input for regional dialogue and energy projects such as the East and Southern Africa Clean Energy Corridor and the Programme for Infrastructure and Development in Africa (PIDA). IRENA, together with partner organisations, has started plans to set up capacity building and development support for energy system modelling and planning for greater integration of renewables in Africa. IRENA is also completing a similar model and study for East Africa and intends to extend this work to Central and North Africa.

  18. 76 FR 23583 - Application of the Energy Planning and Management Program Power Marketing Initiative to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-27

    ... Area Power Administration Application of the Energy Planning and Management Program Power Marketing... Planning and Management Program (Program) Power Marketing Initiative (PMI), as modified in this notice, to... (Conformed Criteria) published in the Federal Register (49 FR 50582) on December 28, 1984, are available...

  19. Stochastic Methods for Planning and Operating Power Systems with Large Amounts of Wind and Solar Power: Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Milligan, M.; Donohoo, P.; O' Malley, M.

    2012-09-01

    Wind and solar generators differ in their generation characteristics than conventional generators. The variable output and imperfect predictability of these generators face a stochastic approach to plan and operate the power system without fundamentally changing the operation and planning problems. This paper overviews stochastic modeling challenges in operations, generation planning, and transmission planning, with references to current industry and academic work. Different stochastic problem formulations, including approximations, are also discussed.

  20. Local power system plans - Results of the inquiry of 1997; Lokale kraftsystemplaner - resultater av spoerreundersoekelse 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trengereid, Frode

    1997-11-03

    In this report, NVE (Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Administration) presents a survey of how many electric utility companies in Norway that have worked out local power system plans, ie plans for the distribution grid. An inquiry was made among over 200 Norwegian utilities in order to clarify the status of such planning per 1997. So far NVE is not authorized to require that anybody shall take up local power system planning, but the goal is to provide local motivation for such planning. NVE has also wanted to focus on some of the problems connected with local power planning. In 1997, a project will be done on end-user measures and local power system planning. Power- and energy reducing end-user measures may be efficient ways of reducing grid investments in a supply region and should be more strongly incorporated into grid planning. 39% of the utilities already have local power system plans, 15% did not answer the inquiry, 16% did not at present want to work out such plans, 9% are already working out plans and 21% intend to do it

  1. Planning maintenance during the first outage and refuelling of Qinshan 300 MW Nuclear Power Unit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To take an example in the equipment maintenance of the primary circuit and auxiliary systems, this paper sums up the first outage and refuelling planning maintenance of Qinshan 300 MW Nuclear Power Unit. It concludes the guiding principle and preparatory treatment. Some suggestions are put forward. These suggestions provide active function for improving planning maintenance and management of Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant

  2. 76 FR 81487 - Application of the Energy Planning and Management Program Power Marketing Initiative to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-28

    ... Area Power Administration Application of the Energy Planning and Management Program Power Marketing...-2017 marketing efforts, the Energy Management and Planning Program (Program), and the Conformed General...) published in the Federal Register on December 28, ] 1984 (49 FR 50582), are available at...

  3. 76 FR 30147 - Application of the Energy Planning and Management Program Power Marketing Initiative to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-24

    ... Area Power Administration Application of the Energy Planning and Management Program Power Marketing...-2017 remarketing efforts, the Energy Management and Planning Program (Program), and the Conformed... Criteria) published in the Federal Register on December 28, 1984 (49 FR 50582), are available at...

  4. 76 FR 74630 - Making Changes to Emergency Plans for Nuclear Power Reactors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION 10 CFR Parts 50 and 52 RIN 3150-AI10 Making Changes to Emergency Plans for Nuclear Power Reactors... Emergency Plans for Nuclear Power Reactors.'' This guide describes a method that the NRC staff...

  5. 76 FR 15307 - Notice of Staff Attendance at Southwest Power Pool Strategic Planning Committee Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Notice of Staff Attendance at Southwest Power Pool Strategic Planning... attend the meeting of the Southwest Power Pool, Inc. (SPP) Strategic Planning Committee (SPC), as...

  6. Real Plan impact on the electric power residential consumption

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1994 are verified increments in the electricity consumption rates in the Brazilian residential sector. At the same time the Brazilian government implanted a economic plan denominated Real Plan which caused prices stability and stimulated long terms financing. In this context, the aim of the work was to demonstrate the relationship between the increments in the electricity consumption rates in the Brazilian residential sector and the economic plan

  7. Outage planning in nuclear power plants. A paradigm shift from an external towards an integrated project planning tool

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rosemann, Andreas [Gesellschaft fuer integrierte Systemplanung (GiS) mbH, Weinheim (Germany)

    2014-05-15

    In nuclear power plants it is common to carry out the technical planning of the annual outage work orders in an Enterprise Application Management (EAM) system and to schedule the outage tasks in a project planning tool. The reason for this is historical: Former EAM systems did not (or just to some extend) offer the necessary functionalities to realise the scheduling of the outage; graphical support for the planning was not provided at all. Consequently, scheduling the annual outage was performed in a separate planning tool. Modern Enterprise Application Management (EAM) software builds on established project planning tools with respect to the functionalities and timing of work orders. As a standard they provide editable charts as well as a lot of functionalities which are required for scheduling the annual outage. The functional gap between the demanded planning functionalities and the functionalities provided by the EAM system has been significantly reduced. Depending on the deployed software itself it is possible to extend the EAM system with little effort (in comparison to the promising advantages) so that external project timing planning tools are not required any more. By shifting towards an integrated planning tool, efficiency in planning an outage as well as the quality of communication of the current planning status increases. Furthermore, the basis of information for work orders by the control room staff and therefore safety can be enhanced. (orig.)

  8. Implications of sustainability assessment for electricity system design: The case of the Ontario Power Authority's integrated power system plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper explores the results and implications of an illustrative application of a sustainability assessment framework in the design and evaluation of a major integrated power system plan. The paper examines the integrated power system plan developed by the Ontario Power Authority in 2007. The basic framework rests on a generic set of evaluation criteria reflecting basic requirements for progress towards sustainability that was adopted, reinterpreted and applied by the Authority in support of its proposed plan. In response to evident deficiencies in the Authority's work, the authors and colleagues undertook a re-examination using a more fully elaborated sustainability assessment framework, specified for application to power system planning. The results point to a plan and plan components substantially different from those proposed by the Authority. More generally, the results highlight three advantages of applying such a sustainability assessment framework: comprehensive coverage of key requirements for progress towards sustainability while ensuring careful attention to the context and concerns of the sector; emphasis on identifying plan options that avoid major trade-offs among the sustainability criteria and recognition of interactions among the social, ecological, economic and technological realms favouring options that offer multiple, mutually reinforcing and lasting benefits.

  9. Large-scale utilization of wind power in China: Obstacles of conflict between market and planning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The traditional strict planning system that regulates China's power market dominates power industry operations. However, a series of market-oriented reforms since 1997 call for more decentralized decision-making by individual market participants. Moreover, with the rapid growth of wind power in China, the strict planning system has become one of the significant factors that has curtailed the generation of wind power, which contradicts with the original purpose of using the government's strong control abilities to promote wind power development. In this paper, we first present the reasons why market mechanisms are important for large-scale utilization of wind power by using a case analysis of the Northeast Grid, and then we illustrate the impact of conflicts between strict planning and market mechanisms on large-scale wind power utilization. Last, we explore how to promote coordination between markets and planning to realize large-scale wind power utilization in China. We argue that important measures include implementing flexible power pricing mechanisms instead of the current fixed pricing approach, formulating a more reasonable mechanism for distributing benefits and costs, and designing an appropriate market structure for large-scale wind power utilization to promote market liquidity and to send clear market equilibrium signals. - Highlights: ► We present the reasons why market is important for utilization of wind power. ► We discuss the current situation of the conflict between planning and market. ► We study the impact of conflict between planning and market on wind power output. ► We argue how to promote coordination between market and planning.

  10. Innovative insurance plan promises to leverage green power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article explains the gap between customers of green power signing short term (1-2 year) contracts and the banks wanting power purchase agreements for ten or more years before lending on new projects. Details are given of a new initiative from the US green power industry for a green premium for green power marketeers with the idea of an insurance product to take some of the risk and bridge the gap. Examples of coverage under the green power insurance proposal are discussed, and the funding and implementation of the scheme, and the effect of the insurance are considered

  11. Innovative insurance plan promises to leverage green power

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Edge, Gordon

    1999-08-01

    This article explains the gap between customers of green power signing short term (1-2 year) contracts and the banks wanting power purchase agreements for ten or more years before lending on new projects. Details are given of a new initiative from the US green power industry for a green premium for green power marketeers with the idea of an insurance product to take some of the risk and bridge the gap. Examples of coverage under the green power insurance proposal are discussed, and the funding and implementation of the scheme, and the effect of the insurance are considered.

  12. Wind power installations in Switzerland - Regional planning basics and impact

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report published by the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) takes a look at the basics of regional planning and its impact on the construction of wind-energy installations in Switzerland. The authors state that the planning and realisation of wind turbine installations is often time and resource consuming: this document presents and discusses the results obtained in a project that aimed to supply consolidated knowledge on project-relevant basics and their effect with respect to wind-energy installations. Experience gained in Switzerland and in other countries is discussed. This report on the basics of wind-energy planning with its detailed information formed the basis of a checklist described in a further report. In nine chapters, regional planning aspects, environment and landscape-relevant aspects, effects on the national and regional economies and social acceptance factors are discussed. Also, success-factors and possible solutions for the successful realisation of wind-energy projects are looked at.

  13. Power Tower Technology Roadmap and cost reduction plan.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mancini, Thomas R.; Gary, Jesse A. (U.S. Department of Energy); Kolb, Gregory J.; Ho, Clifford Kuofei

    2011-04-01

    Concentrating solar power (CSP) technologies continue to mature and are being deployed worldwide. Power towers will likely play an essential role in the future development of CSP due to their potential to provide dispatchable solar electricity at a low cost. This Power Tower Technology Roadmap has been developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to describe the current technology, the improvement opportunities that exist for the technology, and the specific activities needed to reach the DOE programmatic target of providing competitively-priced electricity in the intermediate and baseload power markets by 2020. As a first step in developing this roadmap, a Power Tower Roadmap Workshop that included the tower industry, national laboratories, and DOE was held in March 2010. A number of technology improvement opportunities (TIOs) were identified at this workshop and separated into four categories associated with power tower subsystems: solar collector field, solar receiver, thermal energy storage, and power block/balance of plant. In this roadmap, the TIOs associated with power tower technologies are identified along with their respective impacts on the cost of delivered electricity. In addition, development timelines and estimated budgets to achieve cost reduction goals are presented. The roadmap does not present a single path for achieving these goals, but rather provides a process for evaluating a set of options from which DOE and industry can select to accelerate power tower R&D, cost reductions, and commercial deployment.

  14. EHV AC undergrounding electrical power performance and planning

    CERN Document Server

    Benato, Roberto

    2010-01-01

    EHV AC Undergrounding Electrical Power discusses methods of analysis for cable performance and for the behaviour of cable, mixed and overhead lines. The authors discuss the undergrounding of electrical power and develop procedures based on the standard equations of transmission lines. They also provide technical and economical comparisons of a variety of cables and analysis methods, in order to examine the performance of AC power transmission systems. A range of topics are covered, including: energization and de-energization phenomena of transmission lines; power quality; and cable safety cons

  15. Wind power planning: assessing long-term costs and benefits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the following paper, a new and straightforward technique for estimating the social benefit of large-scale wind power production is presented. The social benefit is based upon wind power's energy and capacity services and the avoidance of environmental damages. The approach uses probabilistic load duration curves to account for the stochastic interaction between wind power availability, electricity demand, and conventional generator dispatch. The model is applied to potential offshore wind power development to the south of Long Island, NY. If natural gas combined cycle and integrated gasifier combined cycle (IGCC) are the alternative generation sources, wind power exhibits a negative social benefit due to its high capacity cost and the relatively low emissions of these advanced fossil-fuel technologies. Environmental benefits increase significantly if charges for CO2 emissions are included. Results also reveal a diminishing social benefit as wind power penetration increases. The dependence of wind power benefits on CO2 charges, and capital costs for wind turbines and IGCC plant is also discussed. The methodology is intended for use by energy planners in assessing the social benefit of future investments in wind power

  16. Planning of a Quadgeneration power plant for Jammerbugt energy system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rudra, Souman; Hoffmann, Jessica; Rosendahl, Lasse

    2011-01-01

    Quadgeneration is the simultaneous production of power, heat and cooling and different fuels from flexible feedstocks such as biomass, waste, refinery residue etc. In order to accommodate more renewable energy into the energy system, it is extremely necessary to develop new flexible power plants ...

  17. Power System Planning: Emerging Practices Suitable for Evaluating the Impact of High-Penetration Photovoltaics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bebic, J.

    2008-02-01

    This report explores the impact of high-penetration renewable generation on electric power system planning methodologies and outlines how these methodologies are evolving to enable effective integration of variable-output renewable generation sources.

  18. Strategic Sustainability Performance Plan. Discovering Sustainable Solutions to Power and Secure America’s Future

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None, None

    2010-09-01

    Sustainability is fundamental to the Department of Energy’s research mission and operations as reflected in the Department’s Strategic Plan. Our overarching mission is to discover the solutions to power and secure America’s future.

  19. Acceptance criteria for the evaluation of nuclear power reactor security plans

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This guidance document contains acceptance criteria to be used in the NRC license review process. It contains specific criteria for use in evaluating the acceptability of nuclear power reactor security programs as detailed in security plans

  20. Daya Bay Nuclear Power Station five-year business plan and operating results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Guangdong Nuclear Power Joint Venture Company, Ltd. first 5-Year Business Plan (hereinafter referred to as 5-Year Business Plan) serves as guidance of both the operations and management of the company. Continuous performance improvement of the nuclear power station has been achieved through the fulfillment of goals and improvement plan defined by the 5-Year Business Plan, and through standard and systematic management. Daya Bay Nuclear Power Station (GNPS) has made great contributions to sustainable economic developments of both Guangdong and Hong Kong since its commercial operation in 1994. As of the end of 1999, the cumulative off-take electricity generated by GNPS had reached 69.9 billion kWh. Of the WANO indicators universally applied by nuclear power industry throughout the world, 6 indicators of Daya Bay performance entered the world top quartile while 9 the medium level

  1. Integrated resource strategic planning: Case study of energy efficiency in the Chinese power sector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the last quarter of the 20th century, many power companies used the integrated resource planning (IRP) approach in power expansion planning. Today, very few power companies use this approach because of the split between the power generation and distribution activities. It seems that, in some countries, long-term power system expansion planning has become a task of the central government. To help the government in this area, this paper proposes a new approach called the integrated resource strategic planning (IRSP). When combined with a smart grid, this approach can replace the IRP for the government's power sector expansion. This paper introduces the necessity and possibility of using this new approach, presents a framework on how to use the approach, and justifies the effectiveness of this approach against the traditional power planning approach, with a case study in China. This paper concludes that if China follows the IRSP approach, it may be able to avoid or postpone up to 69 GW of power generation in the period 2009-2015. These measures could help mitigate 201.8 million tons of carbon dioxide (CO2), 0.816 million tons of sulfur dioxide (SO2), and 0.946 million tons of nitrogen oxide (NOx).

  2. Is EIA part of the wind power planning problem?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This research evaluates the importance and effectiveness of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) within wind farm planning debates, drawing on insights from case studies in Scotland. Despite general public support for renewable energy on the grounds that it is needed to tackle climate change and implement sustainable development, many proposed wind farms encounter significant resistance. The importance of planning issues and (EIA) processes has arguably been overlooked within recent wind farm social acceptability discourse. Through semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders and textual analysis of EIA documents, the characteristics of EIA are assessed in terms of its perceived purpose and performance. The data show that whilst respondents perceive EIA to be important, they express concerns about bias and about the inability of EIA to address climate change and wind farm decommissioning issues adequately. Furthermore, the research identifies key issues which impede the effectiveness of EIA, and reveals differences between theoretical and practical framings of EIA. The paper questions the assumption that EIA is a universally applicable tool, and argues that its effectiveness should be analysed in the context of specific development sectors. The article concludes by reviewing whether the recently amended EIA Directive (2014/52/EU) could resolve identified problems within national EIA practice. - Highlights: • Evaluation of EIA for onshore wind farm planning in Scotland. • EIA is important for multiple aspects of onshore wind farm planning. • Multiple substantive deficiencies of relevance to wind farm planning exist in EIA. • Further research into EIA effectiveness for specific development types is required. • Directive 2014/52/EU may improve EIA effectiveness within wind farm planning

  3. Is EIA part of the wind power planning problem?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smart, Duncan Ewan; Stojanovic, Timothy A., E-mail: tas21@st-andrews.ac.uk; Warren, Charles R.

    2014-11-15

    This research evaluates the importance and effectiveness of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) within wind farm planning debates, drawing on insights from case studies in Scotland. Despite general public support for renewable energy on the grounds that it is needed to tackle climate change and implement sustainable development, many proposed wind farms encounter significant resistance. The importance of planning issues and (EIA) processes has arguably been overlooked within recent wind farm social acceptability discourse. Through semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders and textual analysis of EIA documents, the characteristics of EIA are assessed in terms of its perceived purpose and performance. The data show that whilst respondents perceive EIA to be important, they express concerns about bias and about the inability of EIA to address climate change and wind farm decommissioning issues adequately. Furthermore, the research identifies key issues which impede the effectiveness of EIA, and reveals differences between theoretical and practical framings of EIA. The paper questions the assumption that EIA is a universally applicable tool, and argues that its effectiveness should be analysed in the context of specific development sectors. The article concludes by reviewing whether the recently amended EIA Directive (2014/52/EU) could resolve identified problems within national EIA practice. - Highlights: • Evaluation of EIA for onshore wind farm planning in Scotland. • EIA is important for multiple aspects of onshore wind farm planning. • Multiple substantive deficiencies of relevance to wind farm planning exist in EIA. • Further research into EIA effectiveness for specific development types is required. • Directive 2014/52/EU may improve EIA effectiveness within wind farm planning.

  4. Planning and establishment of information system at the preliminary stage of a nuclear power project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Based on the practice of Hainan Nuclear Power Project, this paper analyses the urgent need of information system during the preliminary work of a nuclear power project, and presents the solution, i.e. near-term planning plus overall planning. Then the paper discusses how to implement management system at EPC mode, and puts forward the orientation and role of informationization in corporation management. (authors)

  5. ''Training plan optimized design'' methodology application to IBERDROLA - Power generation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The trend in both Europe and the United States, towards the understanding that no training plan may be considered suitable if not backed by the results of application of the S.A.T. (Systematic Approach to Training) methodology, led TECNATOM, S.A. to apply thy methodology through development of an application specific to the conditions of the Spanish working system. The requirement that design of the training be coherent with the realities of the working environment is met by systematic application of the SAT methodology as part of the work analysis and job-based task analysis processes, this serving as a basis for design of the training plans

  6. Clean Technology Fund Investment Plan Approved for Concentrated Solar Power in the MENA Region

    OpenAIRE

    Coma-Cunill, Roger; Govindarajalu, Chandra; Pariente-David, Silvia; Walters, Jonathan

    2009-01-01

    The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) clean technology fund investment plan proposes co-financing of $750 million and mobilizes an additional $4.85 billion from other sources to accelerate deployment of Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) by investing in the CSP expansion programs of Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia. Specifically, the Investment Plan will support MENA countries to ...

  7. From planning to decommissioning: Life of a nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    When a facility no longer serves a useful social or economic purpose, it needs to be dismantled and the site made available for other uses. The six phases (Planning; Physical & Radiological Characterization; Decontamination; Dismantling & Demolition; Preparation for Reuse; Final Survey & Release from Regulatory Control) of steps in the decommissioning process are highlighted

  8. Rubbia floats a plan for accelerator power plants

    CERN Multimedia

    Aldhous, P

    1993-01-01

    Carlo Rubbia is planning a project to develop a nuclear reactor fueled by thorium. A particle accelerator would increase the neutron supply to the thorium cycle reactor. Rubbia states that the idea is theoretical but believes that it would be economically practical.

  9. Empirical study on voting power in participatory forest planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vainikainen, N; Kangas, A; Kangas, J

    2008-07-01

    Multicriteria decision support systems are applied in natural resource management in order to clarify the planning process for the stakeholders, to make all available information usable and all objectives manageable. Especially when the public is involved in planning, the decision support system should be easy to comprehend, transparent and fair. Social choice theory has recently been applied to group decision-making in natural resources management to accomplish these objectives. Although voting forms the basis of democracy, and is usually taken as a fair method, the influence of voters over the outcome may vary. It is also possible to vote strategically to improve the results from each stakeholder's point of view. This study examines the use of social choice theory in revealing stakeholders' preferences in participatory forest planning, and the influence of different voters on the outcome. The positional voting rules examined were approval voting and Borda count, but both rules were slightly modified for the purposes of this study. The third rule examined, cumulative rule, resembles utilitarian voting rules. The voting rules were tested in a real participatory forest planning situation in eastern Lapland, Finland. All voting rules resulted in a different joint order of importance of the criteria. Yet, the preference orders produced had also a lot in common and the criteria could be divided into three quite distinct groups according to their importance. The influence of individual voters varied between the voting rules, and in each case different voter was the most influential.

  10. Integration of Renewable Generation in Power System Defence Plans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Das, Kaushik

    containment reserves. A set of sensitivity studies of the frequency containment process are performed where reserves are deployed from different power plant technologies including wind turbine. Recommendations for protection and control strategies from windturbines during overfrequency emergency are developed...

  11. 75 FR 19966 - Boulder Canyon Project-Post-2017 Application of the Energy Planning and Management Program Power...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-16

    ... comment period regarding the application of the Energy Planning and Management Program (Program) Power... Western Area Power Administration Boulder Canyon Project--Post-2017 Application of the Energy Planning and Management Program Power Marketing Initiative AGENCY: Western Area Power Administration, DOE. ACTION:...

  12. Estimation of Powering Characteristics of a Semi Planning Ship

    OpenAIRE

    R. K. Rana; K. A. Damodaran; Kang, H.S.

    1992-01-01

    High speed ships, especially with planning type of hull forms are popular amongst navies of the world. Appropriate propulsion plant configuration has to be selected to provide the desired maximum speed and quick responses. Dynamic response of the ship's propulsion plant is one of the main considerations in selection procedure. Accuracy of dynamic response obtained from computer simulation depends on the accuracy of data, especially the hull resistance and propeller characteristics. Thi...

  13. Power and Influence Styles in Programme Planning: Relationship with Organizational Political Contexts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Baiyin; Cervero, Ronald M.

    2001-01-01

    Adult educators (n=226) recalled incidents of power and influence behaviors in designing and planning programs. Cluster analysis identified four behaviors: shotgun, tactician, ingratiator, and bystander. These power and influence styles related to organizational contexts. Planners' personal characteristics did not affect choice of style. (SK)

  14. Power plant construction lead times: The value of contingency planning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper an analysis of two different approaches to the construction of a major power plant (nuclear) is presented. The analysis compares an accelerated, ''go-for-broke'' strategy-which has some risk of being delayed-with a more deliberate contingency construction schedule in terms of revenue requirements and costs of electricity. It is demonstrated that under a wide variety of circumstances there are important advantages to the contingency strategy, but that the magnitude of those advantages is sensitive to the character of the power system being examined and to the flexibility of the contingency approach

  15. Study of the optimization of maintenance plan for nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper proposes a quantitative evaluation method for the maintenance plan for nuclear power plants, developed by introducing the scientific approach, and also proposes a method to search for an optimum maintenance plan to be obtained by maximizing nuclear safety and economic efficiency simultaneously, then balancing them. As a result of consideration, the following results were obtained. (1) The quantitative evaluation methodology for optimizing the maintenance plan for nuclear power plants was developed. (2) The computer simulation of maintenance planning for a couple of BWR systems by using this methodology was carried out. It was concluded that this methodology can produce a new maintenance plan which meets the maintenance targets corresponding to optimum maintenance. (author)

  16. Plan 95. Cost for the radioactive wastes from nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The future cost for handling, storing and disposing of radioactive wastes from the Swedish nuclear power plants are calculated. Total future cost from 1996 are estimated to 44,7 billion SEK during 60 years. Up to 1995 10,1 billion SEK have been spent

  17. POWER SYSTEM EXPANSION PLANNING IN MOZAMBIQUE: TRANSIENT STABILITY ASPECTS AND OPTIMIZATION OF VAR SOURCES

    OpenAIRE

    Kalemba, Lester

    2011-01-01

    The Generation Master Plan recently (July 2009) developed by Norconsult for the Mozambican Power Sector in Southern Africa highlights a number of candidate projects, most of which will involve building of large Hydro Power Stations around the Zambezi River Basin in the North, and Coal, and Natural gas, based Thermal power plants in Central and Southern Mozambique, respectively. The development of these projects will require substantial grid investments within Mozambique, and across towards So...

  18. Estimation of Powering Characteristics of a Semi Planning Ship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.K. Rana

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available High speed ships, especially with planning type of hull forms are popular amongst navies of the world. Appropriate propulsion plant configuration has to be selected to provide the desired maximum speed and quick responses. Dynamic response of the ship's propulsion plant is one of the main considerations in selection procedure. Accuracy of dynamic response obtained from computer simulation depends on the accuracy of data, especially the hull resistance and propeller characteristics. This paper discusses the estimation of hull resistance and propeller characteristics of the ship with the help of computer programs and their comparison with full-scale trial data.

  19. Nuclear power plant severe accident research plan. Revision 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Subsequent to the Three Mile Island Unit 2 accident, recommendations were made by a number of review committees to consider regulatory changes which would provide better protection of the public from severe accidents. Over the past six years a major research effort has been underway by the NRC to develop an improved understanding of severe accidents and to provide a technical basis to support regulatory decisions. The purpose of this report is to describe current plans for the completion and extension of this research in support of ongoing regulatory actions in this area

  20. Deregulated power transmission analysis and planning in congested networks

    OpenAIRE

    Song, Fei

    2008-01-01

    This thesis was submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy and awarded by Brunel University, 31/03/2008. In this thesis, methods of charging for the transmission system and optimising the expansion of the transmission network under the competitive power market are described. The first part of this thesis considers transmission tariff design. In the proposed approach, not only is all the necessary investment in the transmission system recovered, but also an absolute economic signal is...

  1. Modeling and forecasting of electrical power demands for capacity planning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jordan imports oil from neighboring countries for use in power production. As such, the cost of electricity production is high compared to oil producing countries. It is anticipated that Jordan will face major challenges in trying to meet the growing energy and electricity demands while also developing the energy sector in a way that reduces any adverse impacts on the economy, the environment and social life. This paper described the development of forecasting models to predict future generation and sales loads of electrical power in Jordan. Two models that could be used for the prediction of electrical energy demand in Amman, Jordan were developed and validated. An analysis of the data was also presented. The first model was based on the levels of energy generated by the National Electric Power Company (NEPCO) and the other was based on the levels of energy sold by the company in the same area. The models were compared and the percent error was presented. Energy demand was also forecasted across the next 60 months for both models. Results were then compared with the output of the in-house forecast model used by NEPCO to predict the levels of generated energy needed across the 60 months time period. It was concluded that the NEPCO model predicted energy demand higher than the validated generated data model by an average of 5.25 per cent. 8 refs., 5 tabs., 15 figs

  2. Visions, Scenarios and Action Plans Towards Next Generation Tanzania Power System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex Kyaruzi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents strategic visions, scenarios and action plans for enhancing Tanzania Power Systems towards next generation Smart Power Grid. It first introduces the present Tanzanian power grid and the challenges ahead in terms of generation capacity, financial aspect, technical and non-technical losses, revenue loss, high tariff, aging infrastructure, environmental impact and the interconnection with the neighboring countries. Then, the current initiatives undertaken by the Tanzania government in response to the present challenges and the expected roles of smart grid in overcoming these challenges in the future with respect to the scenarios presented are discussed. The developed scenarios along with visions and recommended action plans towards the future Tanzanian power system can be exploited at all governmental levels to achieve public policy goals and help develop business opportunities by motivating domestic and international investments in modernizing the nation’s electric power infrastructure. In return, it should help build the green energy economy.

  3. Integrated multiperiod power generation and transmission expansion planning with sustainability aspects in a stochastic environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a multistage stochastic programming model to address sustainable power generation and transmission expansion planning. The model incorporates uncertainties about future electricity demand, fuel prices, greenhouse gas emissions, as well as possible disruptions to which the power system is subject. A number of sustainability regulations and policies are considered to establish a framework for the social responsibility of the power system. The proposed model is applied to a real-world case, and several sensitivity analyses are carried out to provide managerial insights into different aspects of the model. The results emphasize the important role played by sustainability policies on the configuration of the power grid. - Highlights: • This paper considers integrated power generation and transmission expansion planning. • Sustainability aspects are incorporated into a multiperiod stochastic setting. • A stochastic mathematical programming model is developed to address the problem. • The model is applied to a real-world case and numerical studies are carried out

  4. Nuclear power planning study for Indonesia (Java Island)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The major objective of the study is to determine the optimum timing and size of nuclear size of nuclear power plants that could be built on Java Island during the period 1978-1997. The study could also be considered as a general survey of the available energy resources in the country. Included are economic background, rational energy resources, electricity supply system on Java Island, forecast of electric energy demand, methodology and basis for evaluation, frequency stability analysis and results of analysis. In 8 appendixes technical, economic and financial aspects of the demand for electrical energy are discussed

  5. The Decenal Plan for the expansion of electric power (PDEE); O Plano Decenal de expansao de energia eletrica (PDEE)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    This chapter covers the following aspects of the Decenal Plan for the expansion of electric power: general directives; methodology - criteria and procedures; planning of the generation - criteria and procedures; planning of the transmission - criteria and procedures; integrated socio environmental analysis of the Plan.

  6. Novel binary PSO algorithm based optimization of transmission expansion planning considering power losses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Astuty; Haryono, T.

    2016-04-01

    Transmission expansion planning (TEP) is one of the issue that have to be faced caused by addition of large scale power generation into the existing power system. Optimization need to be conducted to get optimal solution technically and economically. Several mathematic methods have been applied to provide optimal allocation of new transmission line such us genetic algorithm, particle swarm optimization and tabu search. This paper proposed novel binary particle swarm optimization (NBPSO) to determine which transmission line should be added to the existing power system. There are two scenerios in this simulation. First, considering transmission power losses and the second is regardless transmission power losses. NBPSO method successfully obtain optimal solution in short computation time. Compare to the first scenario, the number of new line in second scenario which regardless power losses is less but produces high power losses that cause the cost becoming extremely expensive.

  7. State and local planning procedures dealing with social and economic impacts from nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The roles of state and local agencies in planning for and managing social and economic impacts of nuclear power plants are studied. In order to be effective in these roles state and local agencies must work with each other as well as the NRC. A comparative case study approach is used which analyzes six sites in three West Coast states. The case studies included plants in operation, plants under construction, and plants still in the planning stages. In contrast to some states, all three of these states have moderately centralized procedures for siting power plants, and all have strong environmental laws

  8. Multiobjective Transmission Network Planning considering the Uncertainty and Correlation of Wind Power

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuan Hu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to consider the uncertainty and correlation of wind power in multiobjective transmission network expansion planning (TNEP, this paper presents an extended point-estimation method to calculate the probabilistic power flow, based on which the correlative power outputs of wind farm are sampled and the uncertain multiobjective transmission network planning model is transformed into a solvable deterministic model. A modified epsilon multiobjective evolutionary algorithm is used to solve the above model and a well-distributed Pareto front is achieved, and then the final planning scheme can be obtained from the set of nondominated solutions by a fuzzy satisfied method. The proposed method only needs the first four statistical moments and correlation coefficients of the output power of wind farms as input information; the modeling of wind power is more precise by considering the correlation between wind farms, and it can be easily combined with the multiobjective transmission network planning model. Besides, as the self-adaptive probabilities of crossover and mutation are adopted, the global search capabilities of the proposed algorithm can be significantly improved while the probability of being stuck in the local optimum is effectively reduced. The accuracy and efficiency of the proposed method are validated by IEEE 24 as well as a real system.

  9. Revised Environmental Assessment for the Sacramento Area Office Western Area Power Administration, 1994 Power Marketing Plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document presents information on power marketing; expiring contracts; economic methods and assumptions; detailed power supply cost data; guidelines and acceptance criteria for conservation and renewable energy projects; hourly flow impacts graphs; difference in hydro dispatch; generation data; flow data; fishery resources of the Sacramento River; and water quality

  10. Tactical supply chain planning for a forest biomass power plant under supply uncertainty

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Uncertainty in biomass supply is a critical issue that needs to be considered in the production planning of bioenergy plants. Incorporating uncertainty in supply chain planning models provides improved and stable solutions. In this paper, we first reformulate a previously developed non-linear programming model for optimization of a forest biomass power plant supply chain into a linear programming model. The developed model is a multi-period tactical-level production planning problem and considers the supply and storage of forest biomass as well as the production of electricity. It has a one-year planning horizon with monthly time steps. Next, in order to incorporate uncertainty in monthly available biomass into the planning, we develop a two-stage stochastic programming model. Finally, to balance the risk and profit, we propose a bi-objective model. The results show that uncertainty in availability of biomass has an additional cost of $0.4 million for the power plant. Using the proposed stochastic optimization model could reduce this cost by half. - Highlights: • Developed a two-stage stochastic optimization model to consider supply uncertainty. • Maximized the profit of a forest biomass power plant value chain. • Minimized two risk measures, variability index and downside risk, to manage risks. • Stochastic optimization model provided feasible solution for all scenarios. • Results showed a trade-off between profit and risk management

  11. PLAN 94. Costs for management of the radioactive waste from nuclear power production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    SKB prepares every year, on behalf of the nuclear power utilities, a calculation of the costs for all the measures that are required to manage the spent nuclear fuel from the reactors and the radioactive waste deriving from it and to decommission and dismantle the reactor plants. The cost calculation is submitted to the Nuclear Power Inspectorate (SKI). SKI uses this as a basis for calculating a proposal for the fee for management of the radioactive waste products of nuclear power that is levied on nuclear-generated electricity. The calculation, which is based on specific scenarios for energy production, waste quantities and required measures, are presented in annually issued reports, the last one PLAN 94, dated June 1994. PLAN 93 was a comprehensive report giving an overview of the Swedish radioactive waste management system. The 1994 status regarding general premises, facilities, systems, RD and D, etc., differs only slightly from 1993, and the present English edition of PLAN 94 has therefore been reduced to include only an updated set of those tables and other significant data that were included in PLAN 93. The reader is kindly advised to consider the present report as an addendum to PLAN 93. 7 refs, 2 figs, 13 tabs

  12. The Evolution of Power System Planning with High Levels of Variable Renewable Generation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Katz, Jessica [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Milligan, Michael [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2016-09-01

    Greening the Grid provides technical assistance to energy system planners, regulators, and grid operators to overcome challenges associated with integrating variable renewable energy into the grid. This document, part of the Greening the Grid introduces the evolution of power system planning with high levels of variable renewable generation.

  13. 10 CFR Appendix C to Part 73 - Nuclear Power Plant Safeguards Contingency Plans

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... handle these: a. Perceived Danger—A statement of the perceived danger to the security of special nuclear... promulgated by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. (The statement contained in 10 CFR 73.55(a) or subsequent... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nuclear Power Plant Safeguards Contingency Plans...

  14. Kilowatt isotope power system, Phase II Plan. Volume IV. Teledyne FSCD vs GDS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-03-15

    This Volume contains Teledyne's input to the Kilowatt Isotope Power System Phase II Plan. Included is a description of the Flight System Heat Generation System, Flight System Radiator, Thermal Insulation Stability, GDS Heat Generation System and GDS Radiator.

  15. Factor analysis for imperfect maintenance planning at nuclear power plants by cognitive task analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Imperfect maintenance planning was frequently identified in domestic nuclear power plants. To prevent such an event, we analyzed causal factors in maintenance planning stages and showed the directionality of countermeasures in this study. There is a pragmatic limit in finding the causal factors from the items based on report descriptions. Therefore, the idea of the systemic accident model, which is used to monitor the performance variability in normal circumstances, is taken as a new concept instead of investigating negative factors. As an actual method for analyzing usual activities, cognitive task analysis (CTA) was applied. Persons who experienced various maintenance activities at one electric power company were interviewed about sources related to decision making during maintenance planning, and then usual factors affecting planning were extracted as performance variability factors. The tendency of domestic events was analyzed using the classification item of those factors, and the directionality of countermeasures was shown. The following are critical for preventing imperfect maintenance planning: the persons in charge should fully understand the situation of the equipment for which they are responsible in the work planning and maintenance evaluation stages, and they should definitely understand, for example, the maintenance bases of that equipment. (author)

  16. Probabilistic tools for planning and operating power systems with distributed energy storage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klöckl, Bernd; Papaefthymiou, George; Pinson, Pierre

    2008-01-01

    to recorded data of stochastic energy resources. Together with suited storage models, the implications of DES on the planning of the system can then be assessed. For the producers or traders being the owners of the DES, the topic to be addressed is the real-time operation of each storage device in the power......Stochastic energy flows are an increasingly important phenomenon in today's power system planning and operation. They are – among other reasons – caused by large amounts of stochastic generation such as wind. The inclusion of energy storage devices, distributed in future systems (distributed energy...... owners are either the grid operators, the generation owners, or the energy traders. For the grid operators being the DES owners, storage operation will have to be integrated into the planning of the system, therefore multivariate nonparametric time series analysis and synthesis methods have to be applied...

  17. Electric power stations, their engineering and planning in the former GDR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roeder, G.; Weidlich, H.-G.; Gernhardt, A. (Vereinigte Kraftwerks-Aktiengesellschaft Peitz, Peitz (Germany))

    1990-12-01

    Using as a basis the capacities available in the field of both engineering and civil construction in the post war years, the existing power stations were recommissioned. Later, continuous development using 100 MW units burning brown coal was attained. Due to the age of these plants and the high incidence of faults which occurred on them, additional solutions were evolved for improving and modernizing the power stations in addition to the repair and maintenance strategy. On the basis of new conditions created under international treaty for the planning of power stations and the solution of ecological problems, a new concept is presented in this paper. 5 refs., 1 tab., 4 figs.

  18. Optimal Planning and Operation Management of a Ship Electrical Power System with Energy Storage System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anvari-Moghaddam, Amjad; Dragicevic, Tomislav; Meng, Lexuan;

    2016-01-01

    problems to shipboard systems where some means of generation and storage are also schedulable. First, the question of whether or how much energy storage to include into the system is addressed. Both the storage power rating in MW and the capacity in MWh are optimized. Then, optimal operating strategy......Next generation power management at all scales is highly relying on the efficient scheduling and operation of different energy sources to maximize efficiency and utility. The ability to schedule and modulate the energy storage options within energy systems can also lead to more efficient use...... of the generating units. This optimal planning and operation management strategy becomes increasingly important for off-grid systems that operate independently of the main utility, such as microgrids or power systems on marine vessels. This work extends the principles of optimal planning and economic dispatch...

  19. Report to the Parliament 2009 - 2020 period. Multi-annual planning of investments for power generation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new Multi-annual Planning of Investments (PPI) for power generation in France has been realized in order to meet the conclusions of the Grenelle Environnement Forum for a better management of energy demand and a large investment program in non carbon energies. Some renewable energy development targets are set for 2020: 25000 MW for wind energy (19000 MW on land and 6000 MW on sea), 5400 MW for solar energy, 2300 MW for biomass energy, 3 TWh.year and a peak capacity of 3000 MW for hydroelectric power. Concerning nuclear energy, power plant operation will be optimized and two EPR-type reactors will be launched; the minimum required of conventional thermal power plants will be modernized in order to reduce its atmospheric emissions. Power systems in two regions (Brittany and PACA) will be reinforced

  20. SSTAC/ARTS review of the draft Integrated Technology Plan (ITP). Volume 3: Space power and thermal management

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    Viewgraphs of briefings from the SSTAC/ARTS review of the draft integrated technology plan on thermal power and thermal management are presented. Topics covered include: space energy conversion research and technology; space photovoltaic energy conversion; chemical energy conversion and storage; thermal energy conversion; power management; thermal management; space nuclear power; high capacity power; surface power and thermal management; space platforms power and thermal management; and project SELENE.

  1. Hybrid power markets in Africa: Generation planning, procurement and contracting challenges

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    African power sectors are generally characterised by insufficient generation capacity. Reforms to address poor performances in the 1990s followed a prescribed evolution towards power markets that would allow wholesale competition amongst generators and so lead towards efficiency improvements. Despite reforms being embarked, competitive power markets have not been established in Africa; rather, the result has been the emergence of hybrid markets where state-owned generators and IPPs operate devoid of competition; and although IPPs have emerged in a number of African power sectors, many countries still do not have sufficient generation to meet their electricity demands. This paper investigates the development of private generation power projects in Africa by analysing data collected from both primary and secondary sources in four case studies of power sectors in Ghana, Cote d'Ivoire, Morocco and Tunisia. It identifies how planning and procurement challenges have lead to difficulties in adding sufficient generation capacity in a timely manner, exacerbating the problem of insufficient generation capacity in Africa. It provides suggestions as to how these frameworks could respond more effectively to the capacity challenges faced by hybrid electricity generation markets, and how broader power sector reforms should be guided to reflect the challenges of hybrid markets better. - Research highlights: → The standard model of power sector reform should no longer be used as a progress measure of power sector development in Africa and many other developing countries. → The hybrid market should in itself be recognised as an established 'model' of power sectors in Africa and many developing countries. → Planning, procurement and contracting arrangements should be shaped specifically for hybrid markets in order to address the problem of insufficient generation capacity in developing countries.

  2. Power system engineering planning, design, and operation of power systems and equipment

    CERN Document Server

    Schlabbach, Juergen

    2014-01-01

    With its focus on the requirements and procedures of tendering and project contracting, this book enables the reader to adapt the basics of power systems and equipment design to special tasks and engineering projects, e.g. the integration of renewable energy sources.

  3. Operation planning in power plants - possibilities and limits; Rechnergestuetzte Energieeinsatzplanung - Moeglichkeiten und Grenzen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haubrich, H.J.; Flechner, B.; Hartenstein, R.; Wolter, H.

    1995-12-31

    Cost-effective, reliable operation of power supply systems requires foresighted planning. In power plant operation planning the crucial planning term is considered to be one year because it involves making important, commiting decisions which must hold against a great many unpredictable influences. The present paper gives an overview of a three-year research project carried out at the Institute for Electric Installations and Energy Economy of RWTH Aachen (Aachen University of Technology), which had been commissioned by Energie-Versorgung Schwaben AG (EVS) to determine the required modeling accuracy in power plant operation planning and the possibilities of and limits to using computer-aided methods for this purpose. (orig.) [Deutsch] Der kostenguenstige und zuverlaessige Betrieb von Energieversorgungssystemen erfordert eine vorausschauende Planung. Der Energieeinsatzplanung mit einem Betrachtungszeitraum von einem Jahr kommt dabei eine Schluesselrolle zu, da unter Beachtung zahlreicher Zufallseinfluesse wesentliche Vorentscheidungen festzulegen sind. Dieser Bericht gibt einen Ueberblick ueber ein dreijaehriges Forschungsprojekt am Institut fuer Elektrische Anlagen und Energiewirtschaft der RWTH Aachen, in dem im Auftrag der Energie-Versorgung Schaben AG (EVS) untersucht wurde, welche Modellierungsgenauigkeit bei der Energieeinsatzplanung erforderlich ist und welche Moeglichkeiten und Grenzen bei einer rechnergestuetzten Energieeinsatzplanung bestehen. (orig.)

  4. Modeling the effects of demand response on generation expansion planning in restructured power systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mahdi SAMADI; Mohammad Hossein JAVIDI; Mohammad Sadegh GHAZIZADEH

    2013-01-01

    Demand response is becoming a promising field of study in operation and planning of restructured power systems. More attention has recently been paid to demand response programs. Customers can contribute to the operation of power sys-tems by deployment demand response. The growth of customers’ participation in such programs may affect the planning of power systems. Therefore, it seems necessary to consider the effects of demand response in planning approaches. In this paper, the impact of demand responsiveness on decision making in generation expansion planning is modeled. Avoidance or deferment in installation of new generating units is comprehensively investigated and evaluated by introducing a new simple index. The effects of demand responsiveness are studied from the points of view of both customers and generation companies. The pro-posed model has been applied to a modified IEEE 30-bus system and the results of the study are discussed. Simulation results show that reducing just 3%of the customers’ demand (due to price elasticity) may result in a benefit of about 10%for customers in the long term.

  5. Environmental valuation for long-term strategic planning. The case of the Brazilian power sector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    If not properly dealt with over compatible horizons, environmental issues may cause ventures to incur higher costs and extend over longer implementation periods. Prompted by the uncertainties and risks inherent in these issues, as well as by the need for long-term plans to incorporate sustainable development principles, the Brazilian Power Sector is encouraging the inclusion of environmental aspects as a decision variable right from the start of the planning cycle. The purpose of this paper is to bolster efforts to include in this sector's expansion plans, costs resulting from environmental degradation of the environment. The paper offers an overview of the methodology developed to assess and include in long-term planning for this sector, external environmental costs linked to hydro-power and thermo-power generation. It suggests the use of environmental economic valuation techniques a practice commonly used to analyze the degradation of natural capital in various countries as well as assessing projects and programs, adopting the premises and simplifications required for application over the longer term.21 refs

  6. Report to Congress on status of emergency response planning for nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report responds to a request (Public Law 96-295, Section 109) for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to report to Congress on the status of emergency response planning in support of nuclear power reactors. The report includes information on the status of this planning as well as on the Commission actions relating to emergency preparedness. These actions include a summary of the new regulatory requirements and the preliminary results of two comprehensive Evacuation Time Estimate studies; one requested by the NRC including 50 nuclear power plant sites and one conducted by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) for 12 high population density sites. FEMA provided the information in this report on the status of State and local planning, including projected schedules for joint State/county/licensee emergency preparedness exercises. Included as Appendicies are the NRC Emergency Planning Final Regulations, 10 CFR Part 50 (45 FR 55402), the FEMA Proposed Rule, 'Review and Approval of State and Local Radiological Emergency Plans and Preparedness', 44 CFR Part 350 (45 FR 42341) and the NRC/FEMA Memorandums of Understanding

  7. Integrated generation and transmission expansion planning including power and fuel transportation constraints

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a comprehensive optimal expansion planning model for an integrated generation and transmission system. The objective function used in the optimization model comprises of the capital cost of the new generating units to be built, the fuel cost incurred in running all the generating units in the system including the transportation cost of fuel from the fuel source ends to the generating unit locations and the capital cost of the new transmission lines to be installed for meeting the forecasted system demand at the target planning year. Constraints taken care of in the model include the fuel availability limits at the fuel sources, the fuel transportation limits for the transportation of fuels from fuel sources to the generating unit locations, capacity of generating units required to be built as well as the power transmission limits of the transmission lines in the system. The developed model is tested on a system to bring out the relative advantage of adopting the integrated generation and transmission expansion planning approach as compared to the sequential approach of first planning the generation expansion and then the transmission expansion. The model has also been applied to the integrated generation and transmission expansion planning of a real system. - Highlights: ► Integrated generation and transmission expansion planning model has been developed. ► Fuel transportation routes and power transmission network have been considered. ► Power flow over transmission lines have been modeled considering both Kirchoff’s laws. ► Electricity production and supply chain has been optimized.

  8. Electric utility system planning studies for OTEC power integration. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1980-11-30

    Florida Power Corporation (FPC) conducted an evaluation of the possible integration of OTEC into the FPC system. Existing system planning procedures, assumptions, and corporate financial criteria for planning new generating capacity were used without modification. A baseline configuration for an OTEC plant was developed for review with standard planning procedures. The OTEC plant characteristics and costs were incorporated in considerable detail. These basic inputs were examined using the FPC system planning methods. It was found that with the initial set of conditions, OTEC would not be economically viable. Using the same system planning procedures, a number of adjustments were made to the key study assumptions. It was found that two considerations dominate the analysis; the assumed rate of fuel cost escalation, and the projected capital cost of the OTEC plant. The analysis produced a parametric curve: on one hand, if fuel costs were to escalate at a rate greater than assumed (12% vs the assumed 5% for coal), and if no change were made to the OTEC input assumptions, the basic economic competitive criteria would be equivalent to the principal alternative, coal fueled plants. Conversely, if the projected cost of the OTEC plant were to be reduced from the assumed $2256/kW to $1450/kW, the economic competitiveness criterion would be satisfied. After corporate financial analysis, it was found that even if the cost competitive criterion were to be reached, the plan including OTEC could not be financed by Florida Power Corporation. Since, under the existing set of conditions for financing new plant capital requirements, FPC could not construct an OTEC plant, some other means of ownership would be necessary to integrate OTEC into the FPC system. An alternative such as a third party owning the plant and selling power to FPC, might prove attractive. (WHK)

  9. Evaluation plan for the Bonneville Power Administration residential energy-conservation programs. Volume I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hirst, E.; Berry, L.; Bronfman, B.H.; Johnson, K.E.; Tepel, R.; Trimble, J.L.

    1982-07-01

    A detailed plan is presented for evaluation of the residential energy conservation programs offered by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) to the utilities in its four-state region. The steps suggested to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of the program are concisely stated, and include: evaluation planning, data collection and processing, analysis of evaluation issues (energy savings, cost-effectiveness, differences between participants and nonparticipants, and comparison of heat loss methodology results with data), and evaluation outputs. The programs to be evaluated include the shower flow restrictor program, water heater wrap program, and the residential weatherization program. (LEW)

  10. Optimal Production Planning of Electricity from Coal-Fired Power Plant Networks under Environmental Considerations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Habib H. Al-Ali

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, electricity production from a network of coal power plants and under environmental constraints is considered. Several pollutants are incorporated into the decision planning process including nitrogen oxides (NOx, sulfur oxides (SOx and mercury (Hg. A Nonconvex Mixed Integer Nonlinear Programming (MINLP model was first developed to assist in the evaluation process. An exact linearization of the nonconvex terms was then derived to reformulate the MINLP model into a mixed integer linear program (MILP. Several scenarios of electricity production planning and emission reduction targets are analyzed on a representative case study.

  11. SVC Planning in Large–scale Power Systems via a Hybrid Optimization Method

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yang, Guang ya; Majumder, Rajat; Xu, Zhao

    2009-01-01

    The research on allocation of FACTS devices has attracted quite a lot interests from various aspects. In this paper, a hybrid model is proposed to optimise the number, location as well as the parameter settings of static Var compensator (SVC) deployed in large–scale power systems. The model utili...... a candidate solution pool. Then in the second stage, the candidates are presented to a linear planning model to investigate the system optimal loadability, hence the optimal solution for SVC planning can be achieved. The method is presented to IEEE 300–bus system....

  12. Experience with the Agency's WASP for nuclear power planning in developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An Advisory Group Meeting to discuss recent experience with, and to suggest improvements to, Wien Automatic System Planning Program (WASP), was held in Vienna in September 1985. It was clear from the meeting that WASP is a very useful tool as an aid in planning electric power generation systems. It is widely used in both developed and developing countries and its use will continue particularly if some of the suggestions for its improvements are implemented. A separate abstract was prepared for each of the 15 presentations of this meeting

  13. Optimal reactive power planning for distribution systems considering intermittent wind power using Markov model and genetic algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Cheng

    Wind farms, photovoltaic arrays, fuel cells, and micro-turbines are all considered to be Distributed Generation (DG). DG is defined as the generation of power which is dispersed throughout a utility's service territory and either connected to the utility's distribution system or isolated in a small grid. This thesis addresses modeling and economic issues pertaining to the optimal reactive power planning for distribution system with wind power generation (WPG) units. Wind farms are inclined to cause reverse power flows and voltage variations due to the random-like outputs of wind turbines. To deal with this kind of problem caused by wide spread usage of wind power generation, this thesis investigates voltage and reactive power controls in such a distribution system. Consequently static capacitors (SC) and transformer taps are introduced into the system and treated as controllers. For the purpose of getting optimum voltage and realizing reactive power control, the research proposes a proper coordination among the controllers like on-load tap changer (OLTC), feeder-switched capacitors. What's more, in order to simulate its uncertainty, the wind power generation is modeled by the Markov model. In that way, calculating the probabilities for all the scenarios is possible. Some outputs with consecutive and discrete values have been used for transition between successive time states and within state wind speeds. The thesis will describe the method to generate the wind speed time series from the transition probability matrix. After that, utilizing genetic algorithm, the optimal locations of SCs, the sizes of SCs and transformer taps are determined so as to minimize the cost or minimize the power loss, and more importantly improve voltage profiles. The applicability of the proposed method is verified through simulation on a 9-bus system and a 30-bus system respectively. At last, the simulation results indicate that as long as the available capacitors are able to sufficiently

  14. Fuel cell power systems for remote applications. Phase 1 final report and business plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-02-01

    The goal of the Fuel Cell Power Systems for Remote Applications project is to commercialize a 0.1--5 kW integrated fuel cell power system (FCPS). The project targets high value niche markets, including natural gas and oil pipelines, off-grid homes, yachts, telecommunication stations and recreational vehicles. Phase 1 includes the market research, technical and financial analysis of the fuel cell power system, technical and financial requirements to establish manufacturing capability, the business plan, and teaming arrangements. Phase 1 also includes project planning, scope of work, and budgets for Phases 2--4. The project is a cooperative effort of Teledyne Brown Engineering--Energy Systems, Schatz Energy Research Center, Hydrogen Burner Technology, and the City of Palm Desert. Phases 2 through 4 are designed to utilize the results of Phase 1, to further the commercial potential of the fuel cell power system. Phase 2 focuses on research and development of the reformer and fuel cell and is divided into three related, but potentially separate tasks. Budgets and timelines for Phase 2 can be found in section 4 of this report. Phase 2 includes: Task A--Develop a reformate tolerant fuel cell stack and 5 kW reformer; Task B--Assemble and deliver a fuel cell that operates on pure hydrogen to the University of Alaska or another site in Alaska; Task C--Provide support and training to the University of Alaska in the setting up and operating a fuel cell test lab. The Phase 1 research examined the market for power systems for off-grid homes, yachts, telecommunication stations and recreational vehicles. Also included in this report are summaries of the previously conducted market reports that examined power needs for remote locations along natural gas and oil pipelines. A list of highlights from the research can be found in the executive summary of the business plan.

  15. Environmental Standard Review Plan for the review of license renewal applications for nuclear power plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    O' Brien, J.; Kim, T.J.; Reynolds, S.

    1991-08-01

    The Environmental Standard Review Plan for the Review of License Applications for Nuclear Power Plants (ESRP-LR) is to be used by the NRC staff when performing environmental reviews of applications for the renewal of power reactor licenses. The use of the ESRP-LR provides a framework for the staff to determine whether or not environmental issues important to license renewal have been identified and the impacts evaluated and provides acceptance standards to help the reviewers comply with the National Environmental Policy Act.

  16. Environmental Standard Review Plan for the review of license renewal applications for nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Environmental Standard Review Plan for the Review of License Applications for Nuclear Power Plants (ESRP-LR) is to be used by the NRC staff when performing environmental reviews of applications for the renewal of power reactor licenses. The use of the ESRP-LR provides a framework for the staff to determine whether or not environmental issues important to license renewal have been identified and the impacts evaluated and provides acceptance standards to help the reviewers comply with the National Environmental Policy Act

  17. Safety features in nuclear power plants to eliminate the need of emergency planning in public domain

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    P K Vijayan; M T Kamble; A K Nayak; K K Vaze; R K Sinha

    2013-10-01

    Following the Fukushima accident, the safety features of Nuclear Power Plants (NPP) are being re-examined worldwide including India to demonstrate capabilities to cope with severe accidents. In order to restore public confidence and support for nuclear power, it is felt necessary to design future NPPs with near zero impact outside the plant boundary and thus enabling elimination of emergency planning in public domain. Authors have identified a set of safety features which are needed to be incorporated in advanced reactors to achieve this goal. These features enabling prevention, termination, mitigation and containment of radioactivity for beyond design basis accidents arising from extreme natural events are essential for achieving the goal of elimination of emergency planning in public domain. Inherent safety characteristics, passive and engineered safety features to achieve these functions are discussed in this paper. Present trends and future developments in this direction are also described briefly.

  18. Medical emergency planning in case of severe nuclear power plant accidents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper is an attempt to discuss a three-step-plan on medical emergency planning in case of severe accidents at nuclear power plants on the basis of own experiences in the regional area as well as on the basis of recommendations of the Federal Minister of the Interior. The medical considerations take account of the severity and extension of an accident whereby the current definitions used in nuclear engineering for accident situations are taken as basis. A comparison between obligatory and actual state is made on the possibilities of medical emergency planning, taking all capacities of staff, facilities, and equipment available in the Federal Republic of Germany into account. To assure a useful and quick utilization of the existing infra-structure as well as nation-wide uniform training of physicians and medical assistants in the field of medical emergency in case of a nuclear catastrophe, a federal law for health protection is regarded urgently necessary. (orig.)

  19. Active Experiment with High-Power Electron Gun in the Polar Region (Plan)

    OpenAIRE

    Sasaki,Susumu/Kaneko,Osamu/Kawashima,Nobuki/Yagi,Yasuyuki/Akai,Kazunori/Nakai,Yutaka

    1981-01-01

    A plan of a high-power electron beam experiment in the polar region is discussed. An electron beam is quite useful for studying space plasma phenomena as one of the active experiments. The main objective of the experiment is to study the aurora/airglow and various kinds of waves artificially excited by the electron beam, as compared with natural ones. It can be also used to trace the magnetic field line in the polar region.

  20. Generation Planning Methodology Based on Load Factor for Hydroelectric Power Plants

    OpenAIRE

    Süleyman Hakan Sevilgen; Hasan Hüseyin Erdem

    2014-01-01

    Major parameters affecting the generation capacity of hydroelectric plants are resource regime, reservoir geometry, and water head together with flow rate and efficiency. For the same resource regime and flow rate, water head can be altered depending on generation planning. By means of holding water in the reservoir and consequent increase in head can lead to boost power generation. In this paper, a method to compare two different operational styles has been identified; a plant operating with...

  1. Opportunity study and a business plan for a wind power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper provides illustration of opportunity study and a business plan for utilizing the wind renewable resource for electricity production in Macedonia. The study is prepared under UNIDO recommendations for feasibility studies (see [1]) and following the IAS, by Marjan Nikolov and Risto Naumov. This is a project simulation for a small wind farm comprising 3 power plant units. We use price list from 'Proven Engineering Products Ltd' UK.

  2. Launching and implementing FEMP`s 1997 outreach plan featuring the ``You Have the Power`` campaign

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-11-01

    The Federal Energy Management Program`s (FEMP`s) mission is to help Federal agencies reduce energy costs by delivering effective technology transfer and outreach programs. It is important that FEMP provide leadership and good examples to the Federal sector so that FEMP`s programs and priorities can be transferred throughout Federal agencies and offices across the Nation. In order to achieve this mission, FEMP must send a clear message to everyone involved with the management of Federal facilities concerning its available resources, effective information and assistance, educational programs, tools, and training. To achieve this objective, American Ideas and Designs, Inc., d/b/a Greening America (hereinafter referred to as Recipient) has assisted FEMP in developing a comprehensive energy efficiency technology transfer program plan (hereinafter referred to as the outreach plan). A key component of the outreach plan involved the development and launch of a technology transfer campaign entitled ``You Have the Power.`` The outreach plan and the ``You Have the Power`` campaign emphasized the ability of individual Federal employees, Federal agencies, and stakeholder organizations to easily access FEMP`s energy efficiency tools and resources through a set of integrated interagency delivery programs.

  3. Switch: a planning tool for power systems with large shares of intermittent renewable energy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fripp, Matthias

    2012-06-01

    Wind and solar power are highly variable, so it is it unclear how large a role they can play in future power systems. This work introduces a new open-source electricity planning model--Switch--that identifies the least-cost strategy for using renewable and conventional generators and transmission in a large power system over a multidecade period. Switch includes an unprecedented amount of spatial and temporal detail, making it possible to address a new type of question about the optimal design and operation of power systems with large amounts of renewable power. A case study of California for 2012-2027 finds that there is no maximum possible penetration of wind and solar power--these resources could potentially be used to reduce emissions 90% or more below 1990 levels without reducing reliability or severely raising the cost of electricity. This work also finds that policies that encourage customers to shift electricity demand to times when renewable power is most abundant (e.g., well-timed charging of electric vehicles) could make it possible to achieve radical emission reductions at moderate costs.

  4. Switch: a planning tool for power systems with large shares of intermittent renewable energy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fripp, Matthias

    2012-06-01

    Wind and solar power are highly variable, so it is it unclear how large a role they can play in future power systems. This work introduces a new open-source electricity planning model--Switch--that identifies the least-cost strategy for using renewable and conventional generators and transmission in a large power system over a multidecade period. Switch includes an unprecedented amount of spatial and temporal detail, making it possible to address a new type of question about the optimal design and operation of power systems with large amounts of renewable power. A case study of California for 2012-2027 finds that there is no maximum possible penetration of wind and solar power--these resources could potentially be used to reduce emissions 90% or more below 1990 levels without reducing reliability or severely raising the cost of electricity. This work also finds that policies that encourage customers to shift electricity demand to times when renewable power is most abundant (e.g., well-timed charging of electric vehicles) could make it possible to achieve radical emission reductions at moderate costs. PMID:22506835

  5. Integrating planning and design optimization for thermal power generation in developing economies: Designs for Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pham, John Dinh Chuong

    In the twenty first century, global warming and climate change have become environmental issues worldwide. There is a need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from thermal power plants through improved efficiency. This need is shared by both developed and developing countries. It is particularly important in rapidly developing economies (for example, Vietnam, South Korea, and China) where there is very significant need to increase generation capacity. This thesis addresses improving thermal power plant efficiency through an improved planning process that emphasizes integrated design. With the integration of planning and design considerations of key components in thermal electrical generation, along with the selection of appropriate up-to-date technologies, greater efficiency and reduction of emissions could be achieved. The major barriers to the integration of overall power plant optimization are the practice of individual island tendering packages, and the lack of coordinating efforts between major original equipment manufacturers (OEM). This thesis assesses both operational and design aspects of thermal power plants to identify opportunities for energy saving and the associated reduction of CO2 emissions. To demonstrate the potential of the integrated planning design approach, three advanced thermal power plants, using anthracite coal, oil and gas as their respective fuel, were developed as a case study. The three plant formulations and simulations were performed with the cooperation of several leading companies in the power industry including Babcock & Wilcox, Siemens KWU, Siemens-Westinghouse Power Corporation, Hitachi, Alstom Air Preheater, TLT-Covent, and ABB Flakt. The first plant is a conventional W-Flame anthracite coal-fired unit for base load operation. The second is a supercritical oil-fired plant with advanced steam condition, for two shifting and cycling operations. The third plant is a gas-fired combined cycle unit employing a modern steam-cooled gas

  6. A probabilistic assessment of large scale wind power development for long-term energy resource planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Scott Warren

    contribution by synthesizing information from research in power market economics, power system reliability, and environmental impact assessment, to develop a comprehensive methodology for analyzing wind power in the context of long-term energy planning.

  7. Guidance for emergency planning in nuclear power plants; Vaegledning foer insatsplanering i kaerntekniska anlaeggningar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Magnusson, Tommy; Ekdahl, Maria (Ringhals AB, Vaeroebacka (Sweden))

    2008-06-15

    Ringhals has been a model for this study, but the purpose has been to make the report applicable at all nuclear power plants in Sweden. The work has been done in close co-operation with the Swedish nuclear power plants and Rescue Services in the nuclear power municipalities Oesthammar, Oskarshamn, and Varberg. The internal fire brigade at the nuclear power plants has also been involved. A document will also be published as a further guidance at efforts of the type fires, which are mentioned in the enclosed document. After a fire in a switchgear room in 2005 the need of making the existing effort planning more effective at nuclear power plants was observed. The idea with the planning is to plan the effort in order to give the operational and emergency staff a good and actual support to come to a decision and to start the mission without delay. The risk information is showed by planning layouts, symbols and drawings as basis, give risk information and effort information. The effort information shows outer arrangements, manual action points, fire installations, passive fire safety etc. The risk information is shown by risk symbols. Their purpose is to give a fast overview of the existing risks. Reactor safety effects is the ruling influence if an effort has to be done in order to secure safety for a third person. In order to make an effort in an area personal risks for rescue staff, such as electricity risks, radiological risks, chemicals and gas bottles with compressed gases, has to be eliminated. For complicated missions detailed instructions are needed in order to handle specific risks. In a group discussion different people with pertinent knowledge has to value which problematic efforts need detailed instruction. Missions that have to be analyzed in a work group as above are: fire may affect the reactor safety, fire that may threaten the structural integrity, chemical discharge with big consequence on environment/third person and handling of gas system (compressed

  8. Bias present in US federal agency power plant CO2 emissions data and implications for the US clean power plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurney, K. R.; Huang, J.; Coltin, K.

    2016-06-01

    Power plants constitute roughly 40% of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in the United States. Climate change science, air pollution regulation, and potential carbon trading policies rely on accurate, unbiased quantification of these large point sources. Two US federal agencies—the Department of Energy and the Environmental Protection Agency—tabulate the emissions from US power plants using two different methodological approaches. We have analyzed those two data sets and have found that when averaged over all US facilities, the median percentage difference is less than 3%. However, this small difference masks large, non-Gaussian, positive and negative differences at individual facilities. For example, over the 2001-2009 time period, nearly one-half of the facilities have monthly emission differences that exceed roughly ±6% and one-fifth exceed roughly ±13%. It is currently not possible to assess whether one, or both, of the datasets examined here are responsible for the emissions difference. Differences this large at the individual facility level raise concerns regarding the operationalization of policy within the United States such as the recently announced Clean Power Plan. This policy relies on the achievement of state-level CO2 emission rate targets. When examined at the state-level we find that one-third of the states have differences that exceed 10% of their assigned reduction amount. Such levels of uncertainty raise concerns about the ability of individual states to accurately quantify emission rates in order to meet the regulatory targets.

  9. Bias present in US federal agency power plant CO2 emissions data and implications for the US clean power plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurney, K. R.; Huang, J.; Coltin, K.

    2016-06-01

    Power plants constitute roughly 40% of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in the United States. Climate change science, air pollution regulation, and potential carbon trading policies rely on accurate, unbiased quantification of these large point sources. Two US federal agencies—the Department of Energy and the Environmental Protection Agency—tabulate the emissions from US power plants using two different methodological approaches. We have analyzed those two data sets and have found that when averaged over all US facilities, the median percentage difference is less than 3%. However, this small difference masks large, non-Gaussian, positive and negative differences at individual facilities. For example, over the 2001–2009 time period, nearly one-half of the facilities have monthly emission differences that exceed roughly ±6% and one-fifth exceed roughly ±13%. It is currently not possible to assess whether one, or both, of the datasets examined here are responsible for the emissions difference. Differences this large at the individual facility level raise concerns regarding the operationalization of policy within the United States such as the recently announced Clean Power Plan. This policy relies on the achievement of state-level CO2 emission rate targets. When examined at the state-level we find that one-third of the states have differences that exceed 10% of their assigned reduction amount. Such levels of uncertainty raise concerns about the ability of individual states to accurately quantify emission rates in order to meet the regulatory targets.

  10. Geothermal power plants of the United States: a technical survey of existing and planned installations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    DiPippo, R.

    1978-04-01

    The development of geothermal energy as a source of electric power in the United States is reviewed. A thorough description is given of The Geysers geothermal power project in northern California. The recent efforts to exploit the hot-water resources of the Mexicali-Imperial Rift Valley are described. Details are given concerning the geology of the several sites now being used and for those at which power plants will soon be built. Attention is paid to the technical particulars of all existing plants, including wells, gathering systems, energy conversion devices, materials, environmental impacts, economics and operating characteristics. Specifically, plants which either exist or are planned for the following locations are covered: The Geysers, CA; East Mesa, CA; Heber, CA; Roosevelt Hot Springs, UT; Valles Caldera, NM; Salton Sea, CA; Westmorland, CA; Brawley, CA; Desert Peak, NV; and Raft River, ID. The growth of installed geothermal electric generating capacity is traced from the beginning in 1960 and is projected to 1984.

  11. Appendix XXIV: Human resource planning and training for nuclear power projects in CPI

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    China Power Investment Corporation (CPI) is one of the five largest state-owned power generation groups in China with controllable installed capacity of 28,000 MW(e) and 70,000 staff. CPI owns shares of five operating NPPs and four new planed NPP projects. CPI is also working on preparations for new in-land NPP projects. At present, CPI is investing in, with major shares, and developing Shangdong Haiyang NPP and Liaoning Hongyanhe NPP projects. Based on demands on nuclear professionals and very limited human resources available in China, a plenty of professionals from conventional power industry, the strategy of human resource planning for CPI's nuclear projects is defined as 'Introduction from outside, while mainly reliance on training by CPI'. That is, on one hand, to directly introduce experienced nuclear professionals, and on the other hand, to train and strengthen the prominent staff with rich construction and operation experience in conventional plants, in nuclear construction, operation and management

  12. Stages in planning and construction of the Muelheim-Kaerlich nuclear power station

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On October 23, 1972, RWE gave a letter of intent and on January 9, 1973 an order for the construction of a nuclear power plant on a turn-key basis to the consortium of BBC, BBR and Hochtief. The power plant in question was the Muelheim-Kaerlich nuclear power station with a pressurized-water reactor of a gross efficiency of 1,295 MWe. After considerable delay of the project, the first building permit was issued to the builder-owner on January 15, 1975, and the constructional work on the building site started immediately afterwards. As the planning and constructional work has so far been carried out according to schedule and the consortium intends to keep the effects of the belated license as small as possible, the start-off of the plant will probably be in summer 1979 if the constructional work is not interrupted. (orig./AK)

  13. Planning For Multiple NASA Missions With Use Of Enabling Radioisotope Power

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    S.G. Johnson; K.L. Lively; C.C. Dwight

    2013-02-01

    Since the early 1960’s the Department of Energy (DOE) and its predecessor agencies have provided radioisotope power systems (RPS) to NASA as an enabling technology for deep space and various planetary missions. They provide reliable power in situations where solar and/or battery power sources are either untenable or would place an undue mass burden on the mission. In the modern era of the past twenty years there has been no time that multiple missions have been considered for launching from Kennedy Space Center (KSC) during the same year. The closest proximity of missions that involved radioisotope power systems would be that of Galileo (October 1989) and Ulysses (October 1990). The closest that involved radioisotope heater units would be the small rovers Spirit and Opportunity (May and July 2003) used in the Mars Exploration Rovers (MER) mission. It can be argued that the rovers sent to Mars in 2003 were essentially a special case since they staged in the same facility and used a pair of small launch vehicles (Delta II). This paper examines constraints on the frequency of use of radioisotope power systems with regard to launching them from Kennedy Space Center using currently available launch vehicles. This knowledge may be useful as NASA plans for its future deep space or planetary missions where radioisotope power systems are used as an enabling technology. Previous descriptions have focused on single mission chronologies and not analyzed the timelines with an emphasis on multiple missions.

  14. Pluri-annual planning of power generation investments. 2005-2015 era

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The pluri-annual planning of power generation investments (PPI) is provided by article 6 of the law from February 10, 2000 relative to the modernization and development of the electric utility. The PPI is the concrete translation of the energy policy and aims to identify the necessary investments with respect to the security of power supplies and beyond the already known commitments. In the framework of market deregulation and respect of competition, the PPI is limited to the identification of such investments but not to their realization. This document, which corresponds to the 2005 exercise, is the second report to the Parliament. It stresses on the following points: the mastery of power demand and the demand scenarios, the level of accepted risk, the carrying out of the development of renewable energy sources (5 GW by 2010 and 12.5 GW by 2016 for wind power, and 6 TWh more for biomass by 2016), the start-up of an EPR reactor in 2012, the investment needs for classical thermal power plants (+2.6 GW of diesel fuel power plants and +500 MW of combustion turbines as decided by EdF), the development of production means in 2 regions with specific needs: Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur and Bretagne (Brittany), and also in insular areas (Corsica and overseas territories), and the reflexions to carry on in continuation of the PPI. (J.S.)

  15. National nuclear power plant safety research 2007-2010. Proposal for SAFIR2010 framework plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    A country utilising nuclear energy is presumed to possess a sufficient infrastructure to cover the education and research in this field, besides the operating organisations of the plants and a regulatory body. The starting point of public nuclear safety research programmes is that they provide the necessary conditions for retaining the knowledge needed for ensuring the continuance of safe and economic use of nuclear power, for development of new know-how and for participation in international cooperation. In fact, the Finnish organisations engaged in research in this sector have been an important resource which the various ministries, the Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK) and the power companies have had at their disposal. Ministry of Trade and Industry appointed a group to write the Framework Plan of the new programme. This report contains a proposal for the general outline of the programme, preliminarily entitled as SAFIR2010 (SAfety of Nuclear Power Plants - Finnish National Research Programme). The plan has been made for the period 2007-2010, but it is based on safety challenges identified for a longer time span as well. Olkiluoto 3, the new nuclear power plant unit under construction has also been taken into account in the plan. The safety challenges set by the existing plants and the new plant unit, as well as the ensuing research needs do, however, converge to a great extent. The research programme is strongly based on the Chapter 7a of the Finnish Nuclear Energy Act. The construction of the new power plant unit will increase the need for experts in the field in Finland. At the same time, the retirement of the existing experts is continuing. These factors together will call for more education and training, in which active research activities play a key role. This situation also makes long-term safety research face a great challenge. The Framework Plan aims to define the important research needs related to the safety challenges. The research into

  16. Gas allocation plans based on failures scenarios: PETROBRAS-Gas and Power Sector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Faertes, Denise; Vieira, Flavia; Saker, Leonardo; Heil, Luciana [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Galvao, Joao [DNV, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2009-07-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present gas allocation plans developed for PETROBRAS Gas and Power Sector, considering failure to supply scenarios that could occur along gas supply network. Those scenarios, as well as the associated contingency plans, were identified and validated by an experienced team, composed by engineers and operators from different PETROBRAS sectors. The key issue of concern was the anticipation of possible undesired scenarios that could imply on contract shortfalls, the evaluation of possible maneuvers, taking into account best gas delivery allocation. Different software were used for the simulation of best gas supply allocation and for the verification of delivery pressure and conditions for final consumers. The ability of being capable of dealing with undesired or crisis scenarios, based on suitable anticipation levels, is, nowadays, a highly valuable attribute to be presented by competitive corporations, for best crisis management and prompt recovery response. Those plans are being used by Gas and Power Gas Operation Control Centre and as an input for reliability modeling of gas supply chain. (author)

  17. Automatic data processing and analysis system for monitoring region around a planned nuclear power plant

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kortström, Jari; Tiira, Timo; Kaisko, Outi

    2016-03-01

    The Institute of Seismology of University of Helsinki is building a new local seismic network, called OBF network, around planned nuclear power plant in Northern Ostrobothnia, Finland. The network will consist of nine new stations and one existing station. The network should be dense enough to provide azimuthal coverage better than 180° and automatic detection capability down to ML -0.1 within a radius of 25 km from the site.The network construction work began in 2012 and the first four stations started operation at the end of May 2013. We applied an automatic seismic signal detection and event location system to a network of 13 stations consisting of the four new stations and the nearest stations of Finnish and Swedish national seismic networks. Between the end of May and December 2013 the network detected 214 events inside the predefined area of 50 km radius surrounding the planned nuclear power plant site. Of those detections, 120 were identified as spurious events. A total of 74 events were associated with known quarries and mining areas. The average location error, calculated as a difference between the announced location from environment authorities and companies and the automatic location, was 2.9 km. During the same time period eight earthquakes between magnitude range 0.1-1.0 occurred within the area. Of these seven could be automatically detected. The results from the phase 1 stations of the OBF network indicates that the planned network can achieve its goals.

  18. Aluminum Alloy Conductors to Be Widely Applied in Power Grid Construction in the 12th Five-Year Plan Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>2011 is the first year of the 12th Five-Year Plan, but electric power supply has become a bottleneck of China’s economic development. Therefore, it is urgent to carry out power grid construction. From the beginning of 2011 till now, China has made a huge investment to build state-level smart power grid, and new aluminum alloy transmission conductors or smart power grid will play an active role in the construction boom.

  19. Regional power systems planning: a state of the art assessment. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1980-10-01

    The purpose of this report was to define regional power systems planning problems, the tools available and their shortcomings, and to document all of the above in a concise readable form. The approach consisted of a survey and literature search. The survey determined the tools being used by utilities, the tools they had rejected, and the tools they planned to try out. The literature search was conducted for the purpose of documenting the tools available, and performing a comparative analysis of these tools. The project included a mix of utility, university, and consulting organizations. Several organizations were consulted in the selection of the participants. A non-profit organization, The University of Oklahoma, was selected to manage the project. The results were reviewed in a series of four one day meetings by known authorities in each field. This report consists of the results of this project. Perhaps its major finding is that several aspects of the regional planning problem are not well defined, the roles of the various participants in regional planning is not clear, and certainly research is needed for the development of new methodology.

  20. Plan 93. Costs for management of the radioactive waste from nuclear power production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Swedish nuclear power utilities are responsible for adopting such measures as are necessary in order to ensure the safe management and disposal of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste from the Swedish nuclear power reactors. In order to fulfill this responsibility, the nuclear power utilities have commissioned SKB, the Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co., to plan, build and operate the necessary facilities and systems. This report presents a calculation of the costs for implementing all of these measures. The facilities and systems that exists are: * transportation system for radioactive waste products. * central interim storage facility for spent nuclear fuel, CLAB. * final repository for radioactive operational waste, SFR 1. Future facilities under planning are: * encapsulation plant for spent nuclear fuel, EP. * deep repository for spent fuel and other long-lived waste. * final repository for decommissioning waste. The cost calculations also include costs for research and development, including the Aspo hard rock laboratory, and for decommissioning and dismantling of the reactor plants, etc. The amounts of waste to be handled are dependent upon the total operating time of the nuclear power plant. The total future costs of the Swedish waste management system, commencing from 1994, have been calculated to be SEK 48.3 billion in January 1993 prices considering operation of all reactors up to and including the year 2010. These costs will be incurred over a period of about 60 years. SEK 9.3 billion has been spent up to the end of 1993. In case of 25 or 40 years of reactor operation the total future costs will be SEK 45.9 or 55.5 billion respectively. This cost calculation is presented annually to SKI, the Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate, wich uses it as a basis to propose a fee on the nuclear electricity production to cover all future expenses. The fee for 1993 is on average 0.019 SEK/kWh

  1. Policy planning for nuclear power: An overview of the main issues and requirements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This special report, Policy Planning for Nuclear Power: An Overview of the Main Issues and Requirements, has been prepared in response to the express request of a number of IAEA Member States for a document to assist makers in developing countries on the introduction of nuclear power. The report contains information on the political, governmental, economic, financial and technical issues and requirements associated with planning and implementing a safe, economic and reliable nuclear power programme. It highlights the main areas in which policies must be developed and decisions taken, as well as the role and responsibilities of government, the plant owner and national industry. Also presented are the main criteria to assist policy planners in defining options and strategies which can achieve a balance among such objectives as cost effective and efficient electricity production, realistic and acceptable financing arrangements, national development requirements, safety and environmental protection. Further information and details on the technical and other issues presented in this report are given in the list of related IAEA publications and documents at the end of this report

  2. Using the ENPEP program for nuclear power planning study in Vietnam

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the framework of national R-D project KH-09-04 ''Establishment the fundamental basic for the introduction of nuclear power into Vietnam'', 1996-1998, and Technical cooperation project VIE/0/009 ''Prefeasibility study for the introduction of nuclear power plant into Vietnam'', 1997-1999, planning study of energy and nuclear power has been conducted. Based on 3 scenarios (high, based and low) of the Vietnam socio-economic development up to year 2020, the energy demand (forecasting was carried out using computer model MAED. The electricity demand forecast obtained from the MAED is used as one of the basic inputs to the optimization study of the electricity generating sector using the WASP model. In view of the limited, energy supplies form indigenous resources, it has been assumed that imported coal and nuclear power will be considered as the future energy supply options. From the results of optimal electric system expansion found in the study, it can be concluded that nuclear power should be added to the system from 2016 to 2020 depends on national economic development and availability of domestic natural gas sully (author)

  3. Meteorological aspects of environmental health and safety planning in nuclear power plant sites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Micrometeorological data i.e. those dealing with the properties of atmosphere in the first 100 meters or so above the earth's surface are required in planning and control of environmental impact of gaseous effluent releases from a nuclear power plant. Data of various types to be collected during the stages of site survey, site evaluation, normal operation of the plant and accident contigency planning are described. Atmospheric dispersion models in general and one suggested by Pasquill in particular are outlined. These models relate the dispersion parameters to the meteorological observables and are used in evaluating environmental dose. Cautions to be exercised while applying these models to the real situation are mentioned. The use of meteorological data for accident analysis while evaluating plant design parameters is discussed. (M.G.B.)

  4. Impact of forecast errors on expansion planning of power systems with a renewables target

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pineda, Salvador; Morales González, Juan Miguel; Boomsma, Trine Krogh

    2015-01-01

    This paper analyzes the impact of production forecast errors on the expansion planning of a power system and investigates the influence of market design to facilitate the integration of renewable generation. For this purpose, we propose a programming modeling framework to determine the generation...... and transmission expansion plan that minimizes system-wide investment and operating costs, while ensuring a given share of renewable generation in the electricity supply. Unlike existing ones, this framework includes both a day-ahead and a balancing market so as to capture the impact of both production forecasts...... and the associated prediction errors. Within this framework, we consider two paradigmatic market designs that essentially differ in whether the day-ahead generation schedule and the subsequent balancing re-dispatch are co-optimized or not. The main features and results of the model set-ups are discussed using...

  5. Energy Systems Test Area (ESTA) Electrical Power Systems Test Operations: User Test Planning Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salinas, Michael J.

    2012-01-01

    Test process, milestones and inputs are unknowns to first-time users of the ESTA Electrical Power Systems Test Laboratory. The User Test Planning Guide aids in establishing expectations for both NASA and non-NASA facility customers. The potential audience for this guide includes both internal and commercial spaceflight hardware/software developers. It is intended to assist their test engineering personnel in test planning and execution. Material covered includes a roadmap of the test process, roles and responsibilities of facility and user, major milestones, facility capabilities, and inputs required by the facility. Samples of deliverables, test article interfaces, and inputs necessary to define test scope, cost, and schedule are included as an appendix to the guide.

  6. Outage planning in nuclear power plants. A paradigm shift from an external towards an integrated project planning tool

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rosemann, Andreas [Gesellschaft fuer integrierte Systemplanung (GIS) mbH, Weinheim (Germany)

    2014-07-01

    Latest demands on nuclear plant inspections are the ongoing actualisation of the outage plan on the basis of the current work progress and current events as well as the permanent access to the current planning status and work process of all people involved in the outage. Modern EAM systems (EAM: Enterprise Application Management) made up ground on established project planning tools with regard to functionalities for scheduling work orders. A shift towards an integrated planning in the EAM system increases the efficiency in the outage planning and improves the communication of current states of planning. (orig.)

  7. Policy planning for nuclear power: an overview of the main issues and requirements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report contains information on the political, governmental, economic, financial and technical issues and requirements associated with planning and implementing a safe, economic and reliable nuclear power programme. It highlights the main areas in which policies must be developed and decisions taken, as well as the role and responsibilities of government, the plant owner and national industry. Also presented are the main criteria to assist policy planners in defining options and strategies which can achieve a balance among such objectives as cost effective and efficient electricity production, realistic and acceptable financing arrangements, national development requirements, safety and environmental protection. (NHA)

  8. Plan 92. Costs for management of the radioactive waste from nuclear power production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Swedish nuclear power utilities are responsible for adopting such measures as are necessary in order to ensure the safe management and disposal of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste from the Swedish nuclear power reactors. In order to fulfil this responsibility, the nuclear power utilities have commissioned SKB, the Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co., to plan, build, and operate the necessary facilities and systems. This report presents a calculation of the costs for implementing all of these measures. The cost calculations are based on a scenario for management and disposal of the radioactive waste products, which has been prepared by SKB and is described in this report. The facilities and systems that exist are: * Transportation system for radioactive waste products. * Central interim storage facility for spent nuclear fuel, CLAB. * Final repository for radioactive waste from reactor operation, SFR 1. Future facilities under planning are: * Encapsulation station for spent nuclear fuel. * Final repository for long-lived waste. * Final repository for decommissioning waste. The cost calculation also include costs for research and development and for decommissioning and dismantling of the reactor plants etc. The total future costs of the Swedish waste management system, starting in 1993, have been calculated to be SEK 46.4 billion in January 1992 prices. These costs will be incurred over a period of about 60 years. SEK 8.7 billion has been spent up to the end of 1992. This cost calculation is presented annually to SKI, the Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate, which uses it as a basis to propose a fee on the nuclear electricity production in order to cover all future expenses. The fee for 1992 is on average 1.9 oere/kWh (0.019 SEK/kWh). (au)

  9. Power system modeling and optimization methods vis-a-vis integrated resource planning (IRP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arsali, Mohammad H.

    1998-12-01

    The state-of-the-art restructuring of power industries is changing the fundamental nature of retail electricity business. As a result, the so-called Integrated Resource Planning (IRP) strategies implemented on electric utilities are also undergoing modifications. Such modifications evolve from the imminent considerations to minimize the revenue requirements and maximize electrical system reliability vis-a-vis capacity-additions (viewed as potential investments). IRP modifications also provide service-design bases to meet the customer needs towards profitability. The purpose of this research as deliberated in this dissertation is to propose procedures for optimal IRP intended to expand generation facilities of a power system over a stretched period of time. Relevant topics addressed in this research towards IRP optimization are as follows: (1) Historical prospective and evolutionary aspects of power system production-costing models and optimization techniques; (2) A survey of major U.S. electric utilities adopting IRP under changing socioeconomic environment; (3) A new technique designated as the Segmentation Method for production-costing via IRP optimization; (4) Construction of a fuzzy relational database of a typical electric power utility system for IRP purposes; (5) A genetic algorithm based approach for IRP optimization using the fuzzy relational database.

  10. Hinkley Point 'C' power station public inquiry: proof of evidence on emergency planning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A public inquiry has been set up to examine the planning application made by the Central Electricity Generating Board (CEGB) for the construction of a 1200 MW Pressurized Water Reactor power station at Hinkley Point (Hinkley Point ''C'') in the United Kingdom, adjacent to an existing nuclear power station incorporating Magnox and Advanced Gas Cooled reactors. The CEGB evidence to the Inquiry presented here introduces the concept of the Reference Accident as the basis for emergency arrangements. The description which follows of the emergency arrangements at the Hinkley Point site include: the respective responsibilities and their co-ordination of bodies such as the CEGB, external emergency services and government departments; the site emergency organization; practical aspects of the emergency arrangements; and consideration of the extension of the arrangements to a PWR on the same site. Recent developments in emergency planning, such as those arising out of post Chernobyl reviews and the Sizewell ''B'' PWR Inquiry, are taken into account. The conclusion is reached that soundly based emergency arrangements already exist at Hinkley Point which would require relatively minor changes should the proposed PWR be constructed. (UK)

  11. Medium-range planning economics of future electrical power generation options

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In their continuous planning for load growth, electricity utilities search for the most economic generation schemes. But this will be subject to a number of constrains, such as the type of generation schemes,.B(ut this will be subject to a number of constrains, such as the type of fuel available and compliance with national environmental standards. In this paper, medium range planning economics of using alternative fuels options for electrical power generation systems in Jordan is discussed. Imported natural gas, heavy fuel oil, coal and local oil shale are compared. A net present value model was used to compare electricity generation cost for different types of thermal power plants. Sensitivity analysis was performed to determine the influence of the most important variable, such as unit capital and fuel prices, discount and inflation rates. It was found that imported natural gas, as a future primary fuel, to supply new combined cycle and/or upgraded existing gas turbine stations, in Jordan represents the best option during the study period.(Author)

  12. Task action plans for unresolved safety issues related to nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document contains Task Action Plans for generic tasks addressing Unresolved Safety Issues (USIs) related to nuclear power plants. Progress on USIs is reported to Congress each year in the NRC Annual Report pursuant to the requirements of Section 210 of the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974, as amended. In addition, the NRR issues NUREG-0606, Unresolved Safety Issues Summary, Aqua Book on a quarterly basis; this report provides current schedule information for each USI. The Task Action Plans in this document include a description of the issue, a description of the NRC staff's approach to resolving the issue, a general discussion of the basis for continued operation and licensing pending resolution of the issue, a discussion of the technical organizations involved in the task, the requirements of manpower and program support funding, interactions with outside organizations and potential problems. This document does not include Task Action Plans for generic tasks addressing USIs for which reports providing the NRC staff resolution of the issue have been published. Those tasks for which reports have been published are identified and the reports are referenced

  13. Visits to Australia by nuclear powered or armed vessels: contingency planning for the accidental release of ionizing radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The adequacy of current contingency planning by Federal and State authorities to deal with the accidental release of ionizing radiation from visiting nuclear powered or armed vessels in Australian waters and ports is reported on and 39 recommendations are made. After introductory chapters, the remainder of the report consists of two parts. Chapters 3 to 10 deal with the main issues relating to nuclear powered warship (NPW) visits and the adequacy of current contingency plans. Chapters 11 to 13 deal with the question whether any specific planning is required for visits by nuclear weapons capable warships. In part one the present emergency arrangements and criticisms of the current plans are reviewed. The NPWs' reactors, safety records and visit arrangements in other countries are discussed. The validity of the reference accident on which current NPW emergency planning is based is assessed. In part two nuclear weapons and their accidents are reviewed. The dissenting report of one of the Senators is included

  14. Incorporation of FACTS Controllers in Newton Raphson Load Flow for Power Flow Operation, Control and Planning: A Comprehensive Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bindeshwar Singh

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a comprehensive survey of incorporation of FACTS controller such as SVC, TCSC, SSSC, STATCOM, UPFC, and IPFC devices in Newton- Raphson load flow (NRFL for power flow control. Thepurpose of this paper is to present a comprehensive survey of various FACTS controllers are incorporated in load flow analysis for different point of view such as optimal power flow control, planning and operations of large-scale power system networks. Authors strongly believe that this survey article will be very much useful to the researchers for finding out the relevant references in the field ofoptimal power flow control of FACTS Controllers in multi-machine power systems.

  15. Production Planning with Respect to Uncertainties. Simulator Based Production Planning of Average Sized Combined Heat and Power Production Plants; Produktionsplanering under osaekerhet. Simulatorbaserad produktionsplanering av medelstora kraftvaermeanlaeggningar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haeggstaahl, Daniel [Maelardalen Univ., Vaesteraas (Sweden); Dotzauer, Erik [AB Fortum, Stockholm (Sweden)

    2004-12-01

    Production planning in Combined Heat and Power (CHP) systems is considered. The focus is on development and use of mathematical models and methods. Different aspects on production planning are discussed, including weather and load predictions. Questions relevant on the different planning horizons are illuminated. The main purpose with short-term (one week) planning is to decide when to start and stop the production units, and to decide how to use the heat storage. The main conclusion from the outline of pros and cons of commercial planning software are that several are using Mixed Integer Programming (MIP). In that sense they are similar. Building a production planning model means that the planning problem is formulated as a mathematical optimization problem. The accuracy of the input data determines the practical detail level of the model. Two alternatives to the methods used in today's commercial programs are proposed: stochastic optimization and simulator-based optimization. The basic concepts of mathematical optimization are outlined. A simulator-based model for short-term planning is developed. The purpose is to minimize the production costs, depending on the heat demand in the district heating system, prices of electricity and fuels, emission taxes and fees, etc. The problem is simplified by not including any time-linking conditions. The process model is developed in IPSEpro, a heat and mass-balance software from SimTech Simulation Technology. TOMLAB, an optimization toolbox in MATLAB, is used as optimizer. Three different solvers are applied: glcFast, glcCluster and SNOPT. The link between TOMLAB and IPSEpro is accomplished using the Microsoft COM technology. MATLAB is the automation client and contains the control of IPSEpro and TOMLAB. The simulator-based model is applied to the CHP plant in Eskilstuna. Two days are chosen and analyzed. The optimized production is compared to the measured. A sensitivity analysis on how variations in outdoor

  16. Wien Automatic System Planning (WASP) Package. A computer code for power generating system expansion planning. Version WASP-III Plus. User's manual. Volume 1: Chapters 1-11

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As a continuation of its effort to provide comprehensive and impartial guidance to Member States facing the need for introducing nuclear power, the IAEA has completed a new version of the Wien Automatic System Planning (WASP) Package for carrying out power generation expansion planning studies. WASP was originally developed in 1972 in the USA to meet the IAEA's needs to analyze the economic competitiveness of nuclear power in comparison to other generation expansion alternatives for supplying the future electricity requirements of a country or region. The model was first used by the IAEA to conduct global studies (Market Survey for Nuclear Power Plants in Developing Countries, 1972-1973) and to carry out Nuclear Power Planning Studies for several Member States. The WASP system developed into a very comprehensive planning tool for electric power system expansion analysis. Following these developments, the so-called WASP-Ill version was produced in 1979. This version introduced important improvements to the system, namely in the treatment of hydroelectric power plants. The WASP-III version has been continually updated and maintained in order to incorporate needed enhancements. In 1981, the Model for Analysis of Energy Demand (MAED) was developed in order to allow the determination of electricity demand, consistent with the overall requirements for final energy, and thus, to provide a more adequate forecast of electricity needs to be considered in the WASP study. MAED and WASP have been used by the Agency for the conduct of Energy and Nuclear Power Planning Studies for interested Member States. More recently, the VALORAGUA model was completed in 1992 as a means for helping in the preparation of the hydro plant characteristics to be input in the WASP study and to verify that the WASP overall optimized expansion plan takes also into account an optimization of the use of water for electricity generation. The combined application of VALORAGUA and WASP permits the

  17. Plan 93. Cost for the radioactive wastes from nuclear power. Part 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The future cost for handling, storing and disposing of radioactive wastes from the Swedish nuclear power plants are calculated in this report. The following plants and systems are operating: - Transport system for radioactive wastes. - A central intermediate storage plant. - A repository for low and medium level wastes. The following are planned: - A treatment plant for spent fuels. - A repository for high-level wastes. - A repository for decommissioning wastes. The cost include R and D and decommissioning. Total future cost from 1994 are estimated to 48.3 billion SEK (approx. 7 billion dollars during 60 years. Up to 1993 9.2 billion SEK (approx. 1.2 billion dollars have been spent

  18. Indian Point Nuclear Power Station: verification analysis of County Radiological Emergency-Response Plans

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report was developed as a management tool for use by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Region II staff. The analysis summarized in this report was undertaken to verify the extent to which procedures, training programs, and resources set forth in the County Radiological Emergency Response Plans (CRERPs) for Orange, Putnam, and Westchester counties in New York had been realized prior to the March 9, 1983, exercise of the Indian Point Nuclear Power Station near Buchanan, New York. To this end, a telephone survey of county emergency response organizations was conducted between January 19 and February 22, 1983. This report presents the results of responses obtained from this survey of county emergency response organizations

  19. Stochastic Dynamic Programming Applied to Hydrothermal Power Systems Operation Planning Based on the Convex Hull Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno H. Dias

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a new approach for the expected cost-to-go functions modeling used in the stochastic dynamic programming (SDP algorithm. The SDP technique is applied to the long-term operation planning of electrical power systems. Using state space discretization, the Convex Hull algorithm is used for constructing a series of hyperplanes that composes a convex set. These planes represent a piecewise linear approximation for the expected cost-to-go functions. The mean operational costs for using the proposed methodology were compared with those from the deterministic dual dynamic problem in a case study, considering a single inflow scenario. This sensitivity analysis shows the convergence of both methods and is used to determine the minimum discretization level. Additionally, the applicability of the proposed methodology for two hydroplants in a cascade is demonstrated. With proper adaptations, this work can be extended to a complete hydrothermal system.

  20. Nuclear power plant containment metallic pressure boundary materials and plans for collecting and presenting their properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A program is being conducted at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL to assist the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)) in their assessment of the effects of degradation (primarily corrosion) on the structural capacity and leaktight integrity of metal containments and steel liners of reinforced concrete structures in nuclear power plants. One of the program objectives is to characterize and quantify manifestations of corrosion on the properties of steels used to construct containment pressure boundary components. This report describes a plan for use in collecting and presenting data and information on ferrous alloys permitted for use in construction of pressure retaining components in concrete and metal containments. Discussions about various degradation mechanisms that could potentially affect the mechanical properties of these materials are also included. Conclusions and recommendations presented in this report will be used to guide the collection of data and information that will be used to prepare a material properties data base for containment steels

  1. Tactical Action Plan: Powering the Energy Frontier (An Appendix to the Strategic Roadmap 2024)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2014-01-01

    The Tactical Action Plan identifies and describes the Western-wide tasks and activities, existing and new, needed to fully achieve the goals in Strategic Roadmap 2024. Each activity in the TAP chart is briefly described in this document and also linked to the Critical Pathway it supports. As the TAP is a list of specific strategies and actions susceptible to changing environments and needs, the TAP will be updated more frequently as Western progresses towards its goals. The TAP is organized into seven Strategic Target Areas that serve as Western’s priorities and areas of focus for the next two to three years. These Target Areas are: Power and Transmission Related Services; Energy Infrastructure; Partnership and Innovation; Asset Management; Safety and Security; Communication; and Human Capital Management and Organization Structure. Target Areas are also used to create the agency’s annual performance targets, which measure progress and implementation of the TAP, and the status of which will be reported regularly.

  2. Expanding Nuclear Power Programmes - Romanian experience: Master - Nuclear Materials and Technologies Educational Plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main objectives of the Master Nuclear Materials and Technologies Educational Plan are: 1. To deliver higher education and training in the following specific domains, such as: Powders Technology and Ceramic Materials, Techniques of Structural Analysis, Composite Materials, Semiconductor Materials and Components, Metals and Metallic Alloys, Optoelectronic Materials and Devices, Nuclear Materials, The Engineering of Special Nuclear Materials, 2. To train managers of the Nuclear Waste Products and Nuclear Safety, 3. To qualify in ICT Systems for Nuclear Process Guidance, 4. To qualify in Environmental Protection System at the Level of Nuclear Power Stations, 5. To train managers for Quality Assurance of Nuclear Energetic Processes, 6. To deliver higher education and training regarding the International Treatises, Conventions and Settlements in force in the field of nuclear related activities. (author)

  3. Potential Impact of the National Plan for Future Electric Power Supply on Air Quality in Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shim, C.; Hong, J.

    2014-12-01

    Korean Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (MOTIE) announced the national plan for Korea's future electric power supply (2013 - 2027) in 2013. According to the plan, the national demand for electricity will be increased by 60% compared to that of 2010 and primary energy sources for electric generation will still lean on the fossil fuels such as petroleum, LNG, and coal, which would be a potential threat to air quality of Korea. This study focused on two subjects: (1) How the spatial distribution of the primary air pollutant's emissions (i.e., NOx, SOx, CO, PM) will be changed and (2) How the primary emission changes will influence on the national ambient air quality including ozone in 2027. We used GEOS-Chem model simulation with modification of Korean emissions inventory (Clean Air Policy Support System (CAPSS)) to simulate the current and future air quality in Korea. The national total emissions of CO, NOx, SOx, PM in year 2027 will be increased by 3%, 8%, 13%, 2%, respectively compared to 2010 and there are additional concern that the future location of the power plants will be closer to the Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMA), where there are approximately 20 million population vulnerable to the potentially worsened air quality. While there are slight increase of concentration of CO, NOx, SOx, and PM in 2027, the O3 concentration is expected to be similar to the level of 2010. Those results may imply the characteristics of air pollution in East Asia such as potentially severe O3 titration and poorer O3/CO or O3/NOx ratio. Furthermore, we will discuss on the impact of transboundary pollution transport from China in the future, which is one of the large factors to control the air quality of Korea.

  4. Optimal day-ahead network-constrained power system's market operations planning using an interior point method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A model for Day-Ahead-Market (DAM) operations planning is proposed. The model considers offers and bids for power supply as well as for spinning reserve, and is able to consider network security through a DC power-flow model. DAM operations planning is the first task to be solved by deregulated environment system operators, such as the Independent System Operator (ISO), proposed in several jurisdictions planning deregulation of the electricity industry. This paper presents preliminary results of a study designed to solve a general DAM operations planning model that is able to accommodate most of the current and foreseeable deregulated operations policies. The large scale optimization problem is solved using the Primal-Dual Logarithmic Barrier Interior-Point method. Modelling results for a 14-node system are discussed. 11 refs., 2 figs

  5. Description of the system planning process at Florida Power Corporation. Task I. Report No. FC-5237-1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1980-01-01

    One of the means of evaluating a new technology is to have it considered by a utility company, run through the system planning, and thus scrutinized by a potential user of the new technology in a manner directly drawn from the user's methods of decision making on new capacity additions. By having Florida Power Corporation (FPC), a company with real potential for the future use of ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC), exercise its system planning methods to consider this possible source of future generating capacity, a number of highly useful results will be obtained. The overall study of the application of system planning to OTEC is being carried out in four tasks. This report covers task-1 which provides a description of the existing system and the planning process of Florida Power Corporation. (WHK)

  6. Energy and nuclear power planning using the IAEA's ENPEP computer package. Proceedings of a workshop

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Regional (Europe) Technical Co-operation Project on the Study of Energy Options Using the IAEA Planning Methodologies was first implemented by the IAEA in 1995. The project aims at improving national capabilities for energy, electricity and nuclear power planning and promoting regional co-operation among participating countries in the European region. The project includes the organization of workshops, training activities at the regional and national levels, scientific visits, etc. The proceedings of a workshop held in Warsaw, Poland, from 4 to 8 September 1995 are contained herein. The workshop had as a basic objective the analysis of the specific problems encountered by the represented countries during application of the IAEA's ENPEP package in the conduct of national studies and to provide a forum for further co-operation among participating countries. A second objective of the workshop was to make proposals for future activities to be organized within the project. This publication is intended to serve as reference for the users of the IAEA's ENPEP package, as well as for energy and electricity planners in general. Refs, figs, tabs

  7. Final Report: African Power/Energy and Environmental Development Plan, July 1, 1994 - August 21, 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Butler, John M.

    1999-08-21

    In 1994 AEF signed a Cooperative Agreement with DOE to address a program called the African Power /Energy and Environmental Development Plan. The Program initially addressed five area: (1) Historical Black Colleges and Universities Energy/Environmental Program; (2) The Department of Energy and United States Private Industry Africa Program; (3) The Annual United States Energy Study Tour; (4) South African Training Program, and (5) South African Environmental Program. The programs were implemented in conjunction with DOE, institutions, agencies and the private sector support in the USA and within African nations. AEF has worked with government and technical representatives from 13 African nations and expanded the program to address sponsorship of South African students in Historical Black Colleges and Universities, supporting DOE trade missions through participation and planning, and giving presentations in the U.S., and Africa regarding business opportunities in the African energy sector. The programs implemented have also opened doors for the US private sector to seek business opportunities in Africa and for African nations to gain exposure to US products and services.

  8. OTEC-1 Power System Test Program: test plan for first deployment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1980-03-01

    This report describes in detail all tests planned for the first eight-month deployment of OTEC-1, a test facility constructed by the US Department of Energy in order to test heat exchangers for closed-cycle power plants using ocean thermal energy. Tests to be performed during the first-deployment period are aimed primarily at determining (1) the effectiveness of countermeasures in preventing biofouling of the heat exchanters, (2) the extent of environmental impacts associated with operation of an OTEC facility, and (3) the performance of a 1-MWe, titanium shell-and-tube evaporator and condenser pair. The condenser to be tested has plain tubes, and the evaporator employs the Linde High Flux surface on the working-fluid (ammonia) side to enhance the heat-transfer rate. This plan provides a statement of the objectives and priorities of the test program, describes the test equipment, gives a detailed account of all tests to be performed and the test schedule, and discusses provisions for management of the test program.

  9. Criteria for preparation and evaluation of radiological emergency response plans and preparedness in support of nuclear power plants. Interim report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this document is to provide a common reference and interim guidance source for: state and local governments and nuclear facility operators in the development of radiological emergency response plans and preparedness in support of nuclear power plants; and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and other Federal agency personnel engaged in the review of state, local government, and licensee plans and preparedness

  10. Development of a strategic plan for an international R and D project on innovative nuclear fuel cycles and power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The long-term outlook for nuclear energy should be considered in a broader perspective of future energy needs, operational safety, proliferation and environmental impacts. An Advisory Group Meeting (AGM) on Development of a Strategic Plan for an International R and D Project on Innovative Nuclear Fuel Cycles and Power Plants was convened in Vienna in October 1999 to assess the criteria, the needs for international cooperation, and to formulate a strategic plan for project integration. (author)

  11. Electric Distribution System Planning by Distributed Generators Installing in Restructured Power Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Gharedaghi

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The large number of decision variables of long-term planning problem for improving the distribution system causes lots of complexities. The optimum allocation of Distributed Generation (DG sources and determining their capacity in the deregulated electric market is a key way for capacity expansion of the distribution firm. In this study, a new approach is presented to determination the optimum location and capacity of DG sources in the deregulated electric market through the net present value analysis using an optimization model. This model aims to minimize the investment cost of the distribution firm, utility cost and the losses cost considering the anticipated load peak value. Considering the power market price anticipation to be indefinite, the proposed method is based on laying out the genetic algorithm and a fuzzy model to the power market price and the capacity expansion design of the distribution system during different time intervals is proposed along with two static and semi-dynamic methods. The efficiency of the proposed approach is well shown applying it to a sample network.

  12. Implications of renewable energy technologies in the Bangladesh power sector. Long-term planning strategies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mondal, Alam Hossain

    2010-10-04

    Bangladesh is facing daunting energy challenges: Security concerns over growing fuel imports, limited domestic energy resources for power generation, and projected demands for electricity that will exceed domestic supply capabilities within a few years. By acknowledging the potential of renewable energy resources, the country could possibly meet its unprecedented energy demand, thus increasing electricity accessibility for all and enhancing energy security through their advancement. The integration of renewable energy technologies in the power sector through national energy planning would, therefore, be a step in the right direction, not only for sustainable development of the country but also as part of Bangladesh's responsibility toward the global common task of environmental protection. This study estimates the potential of renewable energy sources for power generation in Bangladesh from the viewpoint of different promising available technologies. Future long-term electricity demand in Bangladesh is projected based on three economic growth scenarios. The energy planning model LEAP is applied to forecast the energy requirements from 2005 to 2035. Different policy scenarios, e.g., accelerated renewable energy production, null coal import, CO2 emission reduction targets and carbon taxes in the power sector from 2005 to 2035 are explored. The analyses are based on a long-term energy system model of Bangladesh using the MARKAL model. Prospects for the power sector development of the country are identified, which ensure energy security and mitigate environmental impacts. The technical potential of grid-connected solar photovoltaic and wind energy are estimated at 50174 MW and 4614 MW, respectively. The potential of energy from biomass and small hydro power plants is estimated at 566 MW and 125 MW, respectively. Total electricity consumption was 18 TWh in 2005 and is projected to increase about 7 times to 132 TWh by 2035 in the low GDP growth scenario. In the

  13. Development of an Implementation Plan Related to Biological Opinion on Operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System ; Step 1: Review and Critique of Implementation Plans.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neitzel, Duane A.; Bunn, Amoret

    2000-12-01

    The Draft Biological Opinion on Operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System calls for the development of 1- and 5-year implementation plans. These plans will provide the roadmap for planning and subsequent implementation of actions intended to meet specific performance standards (i.e., biological objectives) in a timely manner. To develop implementation plans the key tasks and sequences of steps must be determined. Those responsible for specific tasks must be identified and they must understand what they need to do. There must be assurances that the resources (human, physical, and fiscal) to complete the tasks are available. Motivation and incentive systems should be set up. Systems to coordinate efforts and guide activity must be devised and installed. An information management system must be designed to manage and analyze data and ensure that appropriate data are collected. This will aid managers in assessing whether individual activities or actions are tracking with stated goals and objectives. Training programs to improve managerial and worker capability in making and implementing plans should be designed. Managerial leadership to guide the efforts of all individuals in achieving the goals of the anadromous and resident fish recovery must be developed. It is the entire process of managing fish recovery in relationship to the Biological Opinion that will guide, coordinate, motivate, and control work and determine the effectiveness and efficiency of plan implementation.

  14. Three essays on the effect of wind generation on power system planning and operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Clay Duane

    While the benefits of wind generation are well known, some drawbacks are still being understood as wind power is integrated into the power grid at increasing levels. The primary difference between wind generation and other forms of generation is the intermittent, and somewhat unpredictable, aspect of this resource. The somewhat uncontrollable aspect of wind generation makes it important to consider the relationship between this resource and load, and also how the operation of other non-wind generation resources may be affected. The three essays that comprise this dissertation focus on these and other important issues related to wind generation; leading to an improved understanding of how to better plan for and utilize this resource. The first essay addresses the cost of increased levels of installed wind capacity from both a capacity planning and economic dispatch perspective to arrive at the total system cost of installing a unit of wind capacity. This total includes not only the cost of the wind turbine and associated infrastructure, but also the cost impact an additional unit of wind capacity has on the optimal mix and operation of other generating units in the electricity supply portfolio. The results of the model showed that for all wind expansion scenarios, wind capacity is not cost-effective regardless of the level of the wind production tax credit and carbon prices that were considered. Larger levels of installed wind capacity result in reduced variable cost, but this reduction is not able to offset increases in capital cost, as a unit of installed wind capacity does not result in an equal reduction in other non-wind capacity needs. The second essay develops a methodology to better handle unexpected short term fluctuations in wind generation within the existing power system. The methodology developed in this essay leads to lower expected costs by anticipating and planning for fluctuations in wind generation by focusing on key constraints in the system. The

  15. Incorporating global warming risks in power sector planning: A case study of the New England region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Growing international concern over the threat of global climate change has led to proposals to buy insurance against this threat by reducing emissions of carbon (short for carbon dioxide) and other greenhouse gases below current levels. Concern over these and other, non-climatic environmental effects of electricity generation has led a number of states to adopt or explore new mechanisms for incorporating environmental externalities in utility resource planning. For example, the New York and Massachusetts utility commissions have adopted monetized surcharges (or adders) to induce emission reductions of federally regulated air pollutants (notably, SO2, NOx, and particulates) beyond federally mandated levels. These regulations also include preliminary estimates of the cost of reducing carbon emissions, for which no federal regulations exist at this time. Within New England, regulators and utilities have also held several workshops and meetings to discuss alternative methods of incorporating externalities as well as the feasibility of regional approaches. This study examines the potential for reduced carbon emissions in the New England power sector as well as the cost and rate impacts of two policy approaches: environmental externality surcharges and a target- based approach. We analyze the following questions: Does New England have sufficient low-carbon resources to achieve significant reductions (10% to 20% below current levels) in fossil carbon emissions in its utility sector? What reductions could be achieved at a maximum? What is the expected cost of carbon reductions as a function of the reduction goal? How would carbon reduction strategies affect electricity rates? How effective are environmental externality cost surcharges as an instrument in bringing about carbon reductions? To what extent could the minimization of total electricity costs alone result in carbon reductions relative to conventional resource plans?

  16. Combined Heat and Power (CHP) as a Compliance Option under the Clean Power Plan: A Template and Policy Options for State Regulators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2015-07-30

    Combined Heat and Power (CHP) is an important option for states to consider in developing strategies to meet their emission targets under the US Environmental Protection Agency's Clean Power Plan. This Template is designed to highlight key issues that states should consider when evaluating whether CHP could be a meaningful component of their compliance plans. It demonstrates that CHP can be a valuable approach for reducing emissions and helping states achieve their targets. While the report does not endorse any particular approach for any state, and actual plans will vary dependent upon state-specific factors and determinations, it provides tools and resources that states can use to begin the process, and underscores the opportunity CHP represents for many states. . By producing both heat and electricity from a single fuel source, CHP offers significant energy savings and carbon emissions benefits over the separate generation of heat and power, with a typical unit producing electricity with half the emissions of conventional generation. These efficiency gains translate to economic savings and enhanced competitiveness for CHP hosts, and emissions reductions for the state, along with helping to lower electric bills; and creating jobs in the design, construction, installation and maintenance of equipment. In 2015, CHP represents 8 percent of electric capacity in the United States and provides 12 percent of total power generation. Projects already exist in all 50 states, but significant technical and economic potential remains. CHP offers a tested way for states to achieve their emission limits while advancing a host of ancillary benefits.

  17. Introduction of composite reliability evaluation in power system operation planning; Introducao da confiabilidade composta no planejamento da operacao eletrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mello, J.C.O. [Centro de Pesquisas de Energia Eletrica (CEPEL), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Schilling, M.T.; Gomes, P. [ELETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    1994-12-31

    This paper gives an overview of an ongoing, detailed and first-hand investigation about the current reliability levels of the Brazilian power system, as seen from the electrical operation planning point-of-view. A set of practical results are presented and commented. (author) 41 refs., 4 figs., 4 tabs.

  18. Shandong XinfaPlans to Invest 70 billion Yuan to Develop CoalPower-Aluminum Project in Zunyi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>DOn April 18, Shandong Xinfa Group and Zunyi People’s Government formally signed a framework cooperation agreement for coalpower-aluminum integrated project, planning to invest 70 billion yuan to concentrate on building North Guizhou coal-power-aluminum integrated resource downstream processing base.

  19. 76 FR 20652 - Idaho Power Company; Notice of Application of Land Management Plan Update for the Bliss, Upper...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Idaho Power Company; Notice of Application of Land Management Plan Update for the Bliss, Upper Salmon Falls, and Lower Salmon Falls Projects and Soliciting Comments, Motions To Intervene, and Protests Take notice...

  20. Study on European Nuclear Safety Practices during Planned Outages at Nuclear Power Plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present project was aimed at providing: a description of the current status of nuclear safety practices during planned outages at nuclear power plants followed in Europe; the criteria for the safety analysis of future reactors at the design stage; proposing a set of recommendations on good practices and criteria leading to the improvement of nuclear safety during those conditions. The work was organised in 3 phases: Collecting data on current practices; Analysis of questionnaire answers and drawing up of safety good practices references and recommendations; Collecting relevant ideas related to the future reactors at design stage (European Pressurised Water Reactor, European Passive Plant project, European Utilities Requirements and Utilities Requirement Document project). The key element of the performed work was the detailed questionnaire, based on bibliographical review, expert experience and outage practices available in the working team. Different safety areas and activities were covered: outage context; nuclear safety; outage strategy, organisation and control; operating feedback; use of Probabilistic Safety Assessment. The questionnaire was answered by 12 European nuclear power plants, representing 9 different European countries and three different types of reactors (Pressurised Water Reactor, Boiling Water Reactor and Water Water Energy Reactor). Conclusions were drawn under the following headers: Organisational survey and generalities Organisational effectiveness Quality of maintenance Quality of operation Engineering support, management of modification Specific aspects Each analysed subject includes the following topics: Questions background with a summary and the aim of the questions. Current status, that describes common practices, as derived from the answers to the questionnaire, and some examples of good specific practices. Identified good practices. (author)

  1. Standard Review Plan for the review of safety analysis reports for nuclear power plants: LWR edition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Standard Review Plan (SRP) is prepared for the guidance of staff reviewers in the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation in performing safety reviews of applications to construct or operate nuclear power plants. The principal purpose of the SRP is to assure the quality and uniformity of staff reviews and to present a well-defined base from which to evaluate proposed changes in the scope and requirements of reviews. It is also a purpose of the SRP to make information about regulatory matters widely available and to improve communication and understanding of the staff review process by interested members of the public and the nuclear power industry. The safety review is primarily based on the information provided by an applicant in a Safety Analysis Report (SAR). The SAR must be sufficiently detailed to permit the staff to determine whether the plant can be built and operated without undue risk to the health and safety of the public. The SAR is the principal document in which the applicant provides the information needed to understand the basis upon which this conclusion has been reached. The individual SRP sections address, in detail, who performs the review, the matters that are reviewed, the basis for review, how the review is accomplished, and the conclusions that are sought. The safety review is performed by 25 primary branches. One of the objectives of the SRP is to assign the review responsibilities to the various branches and to define the sometimes complex interfaces between them. Each SRP section identifies the branch that has the primary review responsibility for that section. In some review areas the primary branch may require support, and the branches that are assigned these secondary review responsibilities are also identified for each SRP section

  2. The National Institute of Nuclear Research (ININ) and its participation in the External Radiological Emergency Plans at Laguna Verde Power plant; El ININ y su participacion en el Plan de Emergencia Radiologica Externo de la Central Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suarez, G. [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Departamento de Proteccion Radiologica, A.P. 18-1027, 11801 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    1998-07-01

    In this article it is described the form in which the ININ participates in the External Radiological Emergency Plan at Laguna Verde Power plant. It is set the objective, mission and organization of this plan. The responsibilities and activities that plan has assigned are mentioned also the organization to fulfil them and the obtained results during 9 years of participation. (Author)

  3. Outline of a wind power generation plan using created wind; Sofu furyoku hatsuden koso no gaiyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuki, K.

    1997-01-30

    If a local anticyclone can be created by a certain way, strong wind may be created by a large pressure difference between the local anticyclone and surrounding atmosphere. This paper describes a plan of using this wind for wind power generation. When temperatures are the same at the top of a cylinder tube, temperature difference of 0.35 {degree}C between dry air and wet air is obtained every 100 m, which results in the density difference. Thus, air density difference is generated between inside and outside of a vertical cylinder tube. Cumulonimbus is wet and low temperature air in the high altitude. This natural phenomenon suggests the present idea. Within the Cumulonimbus, a large amount of water vapor rises at high speed, water and ice droplets are condensed and solidified on the way of rising, and surrounding air is cooled by the vaporization on the way of dropping, which results in the down current with high density. In the present idea, water vapor generated at the bottom is ascended without discharging into the surrounding atmosphere, is heat-exchanged with surrounding air at high altitude, is mixed with dry air to cool itself, and is descended in the vertical cylinder tube. 1 ref., 5 figs.

  4. 21st Century Power Partnership Fellowship Program: Supporting Next-generation Planning Modeling Practices at South Africa's Power Utility Eskom

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zinaman, Owen

    2016-10-01

    This presentation details the 21st Century Power Partnership's fellowship program accomplishments from 2016. This fellowship brought two fellows from South Africa's power utility, Eskom, to the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory. The fellows spent two weeks working to improve the fidelity of Eskom's PLEXOS long-term and short-term models, which are used in long-term generation planning exercises and capacity adequacy assessments. The fellows returned to Eksom equipped with a new suite of tools and skills to enhance Eksom's PLEXOS modeling capabilities.

  5. The National Institute of Nuclear Research (ININ) and its participation in the External Radiological Emergency Plans at Laguna Verde Power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this article it is described the form in which the ININ participates in the External Radiological Emergency Plan at Laguna Verde Power plant. It is set the objective, mission and organization of this plan. The responsibilities and activities that plan has assigned are mentioned also the organization to fulfil them and the obtained results during 9 years of participation. (Author)

  6. 论火电企业综合计划管理%On Integrated Planning Management of Thermal Power Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范蕊

    2014-01-01

    火力发电企业实施综合计划管理,将战略规划和具体实施计划联系成一个有序、有继承性的协调整体,注重整体资源的最佳配置和过程管理,使管理目标集中,并能有效规避风险。它使火电企业的经营发展方向稳定,决策上能够连续,确保企业经营战略目标的最终实现,对于火力发电企业的经营发展起到十分重要的作用。本文首先介绍了我国火力发电厂在国家进行电力体制改革后的发展情况和内部的职能划分情况,具体分析了现行的火力发电厂的计划管理模式及存在问题,在此基础上探讨了火力发电企业采用综合计划管理的模式,将企业的市场预测、综合计划、全面预算、综合统计与经济活动分析相结合,形成“四位一体”的综合计划管理模型框架。然后将框架结构运用到火力发电企业的具体生产经营过程中,设置综合计划流程图,并提出火电企业实施综合计划管理模式所需要的条件。%The thermal power enterprises implement integrated planning management, combine the strategic plan and implementation plan into an orderly, hierarchical coordination group, pay attention to the best allocation and process management of the whole resources, centralize the management objectives, avoid risks effectively, stabilize the operation and development direction of thermal power enterprises, and enable continuous decision-making to ensure the final implementation of business strategy goals of the enterprises, which plays a very important role for the business development of thermal power enterprises. This paper firstly introduces the development situation and internal function division of the thermal power plant after the electric power system reform in China, and analyses the problems existing in the planning management mode of thermal power plant in detail, and on this basis, the integrated planning management mode used in

  7. Multi-objective and multi-criteria optimization for power generation expansion planning with CO2 mitigation in Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamphol Promjiraprawat

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In power generation expansion planning, electric utilities have encountered the major challenge of environmental awareness whilst being concerned with budgetary burdens. The approach for selecting generating technologies should depend on economic and environmental constraint as well as externalities. Thus, the multi-objective optimization becomes a more attractive approach. This paper presents a hybrid framework of multi-objective optimization and multi-criteria decision making to solve power generation expansion planning problems in Thailand. In this paper, CO2 emissions and external cost are modeled as a multi-objective optimization problem. Then the analytic hierarchy process is utilized to determine thecompromised solution. For carbon capture and storage technology, CO2 emissions can be mitigated by 74.7% from the least cost plan and leads to the reduction of the external cost of around 500 billion US dollars over the planning horizon. Results indicate that the proposed approach provides optimum cost-related CO2 mitigation plan as well as external cost.

  8. Long-term power generation expansion planning with short-term demand response: Model, algorithms, implementation, and electricity policies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lohmann, Timo

    Electric sector models are powerful tools that guide policy makers and stakeholders. Long-term power generation expansion planning models are a prominent example and determine a capacity expansion for an existing power system over a long planning horizon. With the changes in the power industry away from monopolies and regulation, the focus of these models has shifted to competing electric companies maximizing their profit in a deregulated electricity market. In recent years, consumers have started to participate in demand response programs, actively influencing electricity load and price in the power system. We introduce a model that features investment and retirement decisions over a long planning horizon of more than 20 years, as well as an hourly representation of day-ahead electricity markets in which sellers of electricity face buyers. This combination makes our model both unique and challenging to solve. Decomposition algorithms, and especially Benders decomposition, can exploit the model structure. We present a novel method that can be seen as an alternative to generalized Benders decomposition and relies on dynamic linear overestimation. We prove its finite convergence and present computational results, demonstrating its superiority over traditional approaches. In certain special cases of our model, all necessary solution values in the decomposition algorithms can be directly calculated and solving mathematical programming problems becomes entirely obsolete. This leads to highly efficient algorithms that drastically outperform their programming problem-based counterparts. Furthermore, we discuss the implementation of all tailored algorithms and the challenges from a modeling software developer's standpoint, providing an insider's look into the modeling language GAMS. Finally, we apply our model to the Texas power system and design two electricity policies motivated by the U.S. Environment Protection Agency's recently proposed CO2 emissions targets for the

  9. The Wind Power Handbook. Planning and approval of wind power plants on shore and in coastal areas; Vindkraftshandboken. Planering och proevning av vindkraftverk paa land och i kustnaera vattenomraaden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2009-01-15

    The Wind Power Handbook is designed to make it easier for municipalities and wind energy companies to plan wind power projects. It contains the issues to be considered when planning and review, both the legal bases under essentially Planning and Building Act and the Environmental Code and the environmental assessments. The manual is primarily addressed to the municipalities and various operators. There are many interests to be met at a wind power establishment, which requires knowledge and cooperation of the different actors on the planning and approval process to be effective. Here we have gathered important knowledge base to facilitate the process and to contribute to a balanced decision

  10. An integrated stochastic multi-regional long-term energy planning model incorporating autonomous power systems and demand response

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The power sector faces a rapid transformation worldwide from a dominant fossil-fueled towards a low carbon electricity generation mix. Renewable energy technologies (RES) are steadily becoming a greater part of the global energy mix, in particular in regions that have put in place policies and measures to promote their utilization. This paper presents an optimization-based approach to address the generation expansion planning (GEP) problem of a large-scale, central power system in a highly uncertain and volatile electricity industry environment. A multi-regional, multi-period linear mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) model is presented, combining optimization techniques with a Monte Carlo (MCA) method and demand response concepts. The optimization goal concerns the minimization of the total discounted cost by determining optimal power capacity additions per time interval and region, and the power generation mix per technology and time period. The model is evaluated on the Greek power system (GPS), taking also into consideration the scheduled interconnection of the mainland power system with those of selected autonomous islands (Cyclades and Crete), and aims at providing full insight into the composition of the long-term energy roadmap at a national level. - Highlights: • A spatial, multi-period, long-term generation expansion planning model is presented. • A Monte-Carlo method along with a demand response mechanism are incorporated. • Autonomous power systems interconnection is considered. • Electricity and CO2 emission trade are taken into account. • Lignite, natural gas and wind power comprise the dominant power technologies

  11. PLAN 2003. Costs for management of the radioactive waste products from nuclear power production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The companies that own nuclear power plants in Sweden are responsible for adopting measures needed to manage and dispose of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste from the Swedish nuclear power reactors in a safe manner. The so-called Financing Act (1992:1537) is linked to this responsibility and prescribes that a reactor owner, in consultation with other reactor owners, shall calculate the cost for management and disposal of the spent fuel and radioactive waste and for decommissioning and dismantling of the reactor plant. The reactor owner shall annually submit to the regulatory authority the cost data that are required for calculation of the fees to be imposed on electricity production during the ensuing year and of the guarantees that must be given as security for costs not covered by paid-in fees. The reactor owners have jointly commissioned SKB to calculate and compile these costs. This report presents a calculation of the costs for implementing all of these measures. The cost calculations are based on the plan for management and disposal of the radioactive waste that has been prepared by SKB and is described in this report. The following facilities and systems are in operation: Transportation system for radioactive waste products; Central interim storage facility for spent nuclear fuel, CLAB; Final repository for radioactive operational waste, SFR 1. Plans also exist for: Canister factory and encapsulation plant for spent nuclear fuel; Deep repository for spent nuclear fuel; Final repository for long-lived low- and intermediate-level waste; Final repository for decommissioning waste. The cost calculations also include costs for research, development and demonstration, as well as for decommissioning and dismantling the reactor plants. This report is based on the proposed strategy for the activities which is presented in SKB's RD and D-Programme 2001 and in the supplementary account to RD and D-Programme 98 which SKB submitted to the regulatory authority. The

  12. Planning and administration of human resources in Brazilian Electric Power Companies; Planejamento e administracao de recursos humanos nas empresas brasileiras do setor de energia eletrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dias, Devanir Vieira

    1985-12-01

    Administration and planning of human resources in Brazilian Companies of Electric Power Sector analyzes the evolution of the concept of business planning. This work explore the specific literature of this theme, giving emphasis in predict methods and human resources development and planning models. Is also presented a case study, realized in 1979, which comprehended 84 % of Brazilian Energy Companies. This study aims to evaluate the results of an implementation of this planning and development models 64 refs., 12 figs., 22 tabs.

  13. An analysis of operational experience during low power and shutdown and a plan for addressing human reliability assessment issues

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent nuclear power plant events (e.g. Chernobyl, Diablo Canyon, and Vogtle) and US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) reports (e.g. NUREG-1449) have led to concerns regarding human reliability during low power and shutdown (LP ampersand S) conditions and limitations of human reliability analysis (HRA) methodologies in adequately representing the LP ampersand S environment. As a result of these concerns, the NRC initiated two parallel research projects to assess the influence of LP ampersand S conditions on human reliability through an analysis of operational experience at pressurized water reactors (PWRs) an boiling water reactors (BWRs). These research projects, performed by Brookhaven National Laboratory for PWRS, and Sandia National Laboratories for BWRs, identified unique aspects of human performance during LP ampersand S conditions and provided a program plan for research and development necessary to improve existing HRA methodologies. This report documents the results of the analysis of LP ampersand S operating experience and describes the improved HRA program plan

  14. The Evaluation and Application Plan Report for the Development of Nuclear Power Plant DCS Using CASE Tools

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, B.Y.; Moon, H.J.; Yoon, M.H.; Lee, Y.K. [Korea Electric Power Research Institute, Taejon (Korea)

    2000-06-01

    This report contains the evaluation and application plan report for the development of nuclear power plant DCS using CASE tools. In this report, the necessity of using CASE tools is considered and a available CASE environment is suggested. And, also according to the IEEE Std 1209 Recommended Practice for Evaluation and Selection of CASE Tools, their functional and economical evaluation about available commercial CASE tools is performed and described. (author). 6 figs., 3 tabs.

  15. The response of the Government of Ontario to the final report of the Royal Commission on Electric Power Planning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In March 1980, after nearly five years of hearings and research, the Ontario Royal Commission on Electric Power Planning submitted the first volume of its final report. The remaining eight volumes were submitted in April 1980. The Commission made 88 recommendations on technical, operational, and policy issues. The present document sets out the Ontario government's response to the recommendations. The government accepts and is implementing 77 recommendations. Four recommendations require further study, and six have been rejected

  16. Nuclear power reactor security personnel training and qualification plan reviewer workbook

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Training and Qualification Plan Reviewer Workbook has been developed to provide the information required for evaluating the adequacy of the Training and Qualification (T and Q) Plans developed to meet the requirements of 10 CFR 73.55(b)(4) and 10 CFR 73, Appendix B

  17. Transforming American Education: Learning Powered by Technology. National Education Technology Plan, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    US Department of Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    This report presents the Administration's National Education Technology Plan. This plan calls for applying the advanced technologies used in everyone's daily personal and professional lives to the entire education system to improve student learning, accelerate and scale up the adoption of effective practices, and use data and information for…

  18. Plan 2004. Costs for management of the radioactive waste from nuclear power production; Plan 2004. Kostnader foer kaernkraftens radioaktiva restprodukter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-06-01

    The cost estimates are based on different scenarios and make allowances for uncertainties, variations and disturbances in the various projects. Costs for reactor decommissioning and for research and demonstration throughout the different stages of the waste handling and disposal are included. The total cost for handling the waste from 40 years operation of the 11 Swedish reactors in operation and Barsebaeck-1 which already is taken out of operation, amounts to about 70 billion SEK (about 9.3 billion USD). 18 billion SEK has already been used for building and operating the existing plants, and for research and development. The future costs amounts to 51.5 billion SEK. The cost are financed by the nuclear utilities in the form of a special charge on the electricity produced by the nuclear power plants. At present this charge is, on average, 0.005 SEK/kWh (about 0.0007 USD/kWh)

  19. A study of the evaluation methodology for radiological emergency planning zone of nuclear power plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jeon, In Young

    2004-02-15

    For the protection of the public health against nuclear accidents with major release of radioactive material, the Emergency Planning Zone(EPZ) has been designated for an area with a radius of 8{approx}10 km around nuclear power plants(NPPs) in Korea. However, since the current size of EPZ set in 1980's is based on simple assumptions about accident source terms, meteorological conditions, and conservative protective action guides(PAGs), 10 mSv to the whole body and 100 mSv to the thyroids, it is questionable that the current EPZ provides adequate protection against spectrum of accidents encompassing probable severe reactor accidents. The aim of this study is to establish a new methodology to determine the EPZ for NPPs in Korea by reflecting advances in the reactor risk assessment. An illustrative evaluation of EPZ sizes was carried out for the Uljin NPP units 3 and 4. Since the previous PAGs did not seem to warrant initiation of burdensome protective actions, the new PAGs were set to the level of preventing serious deterministic effects-early fatality was considered in this study-as recommended by the International Commission on Radiological Protection(ICRP). In addition, after the guidelines developed by the International Atomic Energy Agency(IAEA), EPZs were sub-divided into two categories: the Precautionary Action Zone(PAZ) and the Urgent Protective Action Planning Zone(UPZ). Six severe accident source term categories(STCs) resulted from the individual plant examination study for Uljin 3 and 4, for which the core damage frequency exceeded approximately 10{sup -6} per reactor year, were selected and corresponding environmental release source terms were adopted as accident source terms for EPZ determination. The MACCS2(MELCOR Accident Consequence Code System2) was used in calculation of radiological consequences. The radiological emergency plans and procedures for Uljin NPPs were referred for accident notification system and the planned protective actions. The

  20. 77 FR 12086 - Final Staff Guidance, Revision 4 to Standard Review Plan; Section 8.1 on Electric Power-Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-28

    ... COMMISSION Final Staff Guidance, Revision 4 to Standard Review Plan; Section 8.1 on Electric Power... ``Electric Power--Introduction,'' (Agencywide Documents Access and Management System (ADAMS) Accession No... Section 8.1 on ``Electric Power--Introduction,'' (ADAMS Accession No. ML111180542) and the companion BTP...

  1. Health and safety impacts of nuclear, geothermal, and fossil-fuel electric generation in California. Volume 4. Radiological emergency response planning for nuclear power plants in California

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report reviews the state of emergency response planning for nuclear power plants in California. Attention is given to the role of Federal agencies, particularly the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, in planning for both on and off site emergency measures and to the role of State and local agencies for off site planning. The relationship between these various authorities is considered. Existing emergency plans for nuclear power plants operating or being constructed in California are summarized. The developing role of the California Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission is examined

  2. Geothermal power plants of Japan: a technical survey of existing and planned installations. Report No. CATMEC/9

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    DiPippo, R.

    1978-03-01

    The technical features of the existing and planned geothermal power plants in Japan are surveyed. A description is given of the Geothermal Energy Research and Development Co., Ltd. (GERD) which has capabilities in all areas of geothermal power development, from exploratory geological activities through construction and operation of the plants. The survey includes reports on four types of plants: natural, dry steam; separated steam or ''single flash;'' separated steam/flash or ''double flash;'' and binary fluid. For each geothermal power plant, the following are included or discussed: exploration and geology of the site; wells and gathering system; turbine-generator; condenser, gas extractor and cooling tower; economic data; environmental effects; and plant operations. Many tables and figures are included, and a summary is given of the geothermal resource utilization efficiency for each operating plant. Promising areas of new development are listed with estimates of potential capacity.

  3. The power of information and contraceptive choice in a family planning setting in Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Ponce, E.; Sloan, N; Winikoff, B.; Langer, A; Coggins, C; Heimburger, A.; Conde-Glez, C.; Salmeron, J

    2000-01-01

    Objectives: This study measured the effect of information about family planning methods and STD risk factors and prevention, together with personal choice on the selection of intrauterine devices (IUDs) by clients with cervical infection.

  4. Risk perception, trust, and factors related to a planned new nuclear power plant in Taiwan after the 2011 Fukushima disaster

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After the Fukushima nuclear disaster in March 2011, an international review of nuclear safety indicated that two of the three nuclear power plants (NPPs) operating in Taiwan were listed as the most dangerous in the world. To understand the perception of NPP risks by the public in Taiwan and their attitudes regarding a planned fourth NPP after the Fukushima nuclear incident in 2011, a study was conducted in August 2011. A sample of 2819 individuals responded to the survey, with 66% perceiving that Taiwan’s safety management of NPPs was inferior to Japan’s, while 40% perceived a higher possibility of nuclear accidents like that in Japan. On average, a ‘safe’ distance of 94 km from an NPP was expected. 56% opposed the planned fourth NPP, with females (adjusted odd ratios (aOR) 2.03; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.71–2.41), residence near the planned fourth NPP (aOR/CI 13.90/7.79–24.80), distrust of safety management (aOR/CI 1.98/1.45–2.69) and emergency planning (aOR/CI 1.89/1.49–2.40) as the main determinants. Others included those who expected larger safe distances from an NPP (trend test, p < 0.001), perceived excess cancer risks of living within 30 km of an NPP (aOR/CI 2.74/2.02–3.71), and projection of no electric shortage without NPPs (aOR/CI 1.93/1.50–2.49). Given that Taiwan’s large population lives close to the existing NPPs and long-term concerns about the safety of these nuclear plants, the Fukushima incident in Japan likely augmented public risk perceptions on nuclear power in general and on the planned fourth NPP. (paper)

  5. Emergency planning and long-term care: least paid, least powerful, most responsible.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Covan, Eleanor Krassen; Fugate-Whitlock, Elizabeth

    2010-11-01

    As disasters can occur anywhere, planning to avoid emergencies is an international concern. Our research specifically addresses planning for the needs and safety of a vulnerable population, long-term care residents. Our initial purposes in this evaluation research were to assess the utility of a template to gather emergency management information for individual long-term care communities, to report on how prepared they are to cope with emergencies that have occurred elsewhere in areas like ours, and to assess the effectiveness of employing gerontology students in the planning process. As we began analyzing our data, we realized that it is imperative to consider whether it is possible for long-term care communities to respond effectively to disasters. In our findings we focus on the impact of gender in the planning process, the importance of size with regard to template utility, the positive and negative consequences of student aid, and the fact that gathering plans for individual long-term care communities may have detracted from collaborative community planning. PMID:20924876

  6. Development of power storage system. Advanced battery power storage system. (The development results and research plan in 1988 fiscal year)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kouda, Atsushi; Yazawa, Tetsuo

    1988-07-01

    The research and trial manufacture of 1kW battery on the electrode and battery construction, development of 10kW battery module, capacity enlarging and trial manufacturing as to four type batteries, that is, Na-S battery, Zn-Cl battery, Zn-Br battery and redox flow type battery were forwarded as the items to be developed in Japan for the advanced battery power storage system. The research and development of system technology was started in 1980 to verify the operating and controlling characteristics and the protection system. The technology of the 60kW class module for 1,000kW class battery system was established in 1987 and the total system research and development is forwarding. The 1,000kW class system test is continued; the 60kW class module batteries of Na-S battery and Zn-Br battery are operated; the fabrication of 1,000kW class pilot plant is initiated; and the reliability and safety of the power system are verified in 1988. (1 fig, 2 tabs)

  7. Power

    OpenAIRE

    Samuel Bowles; Herbert Gintis

    2007-01-01

    We consider the exercise of power in competitive markets for goods, labour and credit. We offer a definition of power and show that if contracts are incomplete it may be exercised either in Pareto-improving ways or to the disadvantage of those without power. Contrasting conceptions of power including bargaining power, market power, and consumer sovereignty are considered. Because the exercise of power may alter prices and other aspects of exchanges, abstracting from power may miss essential a...

  8. Offshore wind power - Possibilities and shortcomings in the planning and design; Vindkraft till havs - Moejligheter och brister vid planering och projektering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andre, Daniel

    2010-02-15

    The purpose of this report is to examine how the planning preparedness offshore unfolds. Planning conditions of municipalities have been investigated through interviews with municipal planners and representatives of the wind power stakeholders. At the same time, the problems and deficiencies that impede the expansion of offshore wind power have been identified. In the report, based on the survey of the state of planning, as well as the shortcomings of current systems, the Swedish National Board of Housing, Building and Planning presents opportunities for improvements. With these proposals the Swedish National Board of Housing, Building and Planning opens up for an increased cooperation with the aim to facilitate a future expansion of offshore wind power. The report primarily addresses central government agencies and authorities, county councils, as well as planners or other officers of the national, regional and municipal levels

  9. Philippines. Church vs. state: Fidel Ramos and family planning face "Catholic Power".

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-08-24

    Catholic groups and individuals united in a public rally in Manila's Rizal Park to decry a "cultural dictatorship," which promotes abortion, homosexuality, lesbianism, sexual perversion, condoms, and artificial contraception. Government spokesmen responded that condoms and contraception were part of government policy to spread family planning knowledge and informed choices among the population. Cardinal Jaime Sin and former president Corazon Aquino joined forces to lead the movement against the national family planning program in the largest demonstration since the ouster of Ferdinand Marcos in 1986. Also criticized was the 85-page draft action plan for the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) scheduled for September 1994. Cardinal Sin accused President Clinton of using the action plan to promote worldwide abortion. Under the administration of President Fidel Ramos, family planning funding has quintupled and the number of family planning workers has increased from 200 to 8000. President Ramos has gone the farthest of any administration in opposing the Church's positions on contraception and abortion, although years ago Fidel Ramos and Cardinal Sin were allies in the effort to push out Ferdinand Marcos. The population of the Philippines is 85% Catholic, and laws reflect the Church's doctrine against divorce and abortion. The current growth rate is 2.3%, and the goal is to reduce growth to 2.0% by 1998, the end of Ramos's term in office. The population target is in accord with demographic goals proposed in the UN draft action plan. The Vatican has opposed the language in the plan and may have encouraged other religious leaders to join those opposed to the "war against our babies and children." Sin said that contraceptive distribution was "intrinsically evil" and should be stopped now. Ramos's administration stated that their policies and programs are not "in the hands of the devil" and there is support for the Church on family values and

  10. Incorporating global warming risks in power sector planning: A case study of the New England region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The following topics are described in reference to electric power production in New England: Fuel Prices; Emission Factors and Externality Surcharges; Cost and Potential of Demand-Site Efficiency Improvements; Fuel Switching; Conventional Utility Generation; Gas Supply Constraints; Cogeneration Potential; Biomass Resources; Potential Power Production from Municipal Solid Waste; and Wind Resource Potential

  11. Policy Orientation for Power Industry in the 11th Five-Year Plan Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Xiaoping; Fang Yun

    2007-01-01

    @@ Power industry is one of the largest energy consuming and the heaviest pollutant discharging departments.To meet the targets of energy saving, consumption reduction and environment protection set forth by the state, policy supports are imperative to ensure healthy and sustained development of power industry.

  12. Analysis of the emergency plan of Angra dos Reis Nuclear Power Plants: a critical view related to accessibility and mobility of people with special needs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work intends to make a critical analysis of the emergency plan of the Angra dos Reis Nuclear Power Plants related to appropriate transportation, accommodation and infrastructure for people with special needs

  13. An efficient algorithm for bi-objective combined heat and power production planning under the emission trading scheme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Define fuel mix setting for the bi-objective CHP environmental/economic dispatch. • Develop an efficient algorithm for constructing the Pareto frontier for the problem. • Time complexity analysis is conducted for the proposed algorithm. • The algorithm is theoretically compared against a traditional algorithm. • The efficiency of the algorithm is justified by numerical results. - Abstract: The growing environmental awareness and the apparent conflicts between economic and environmental objectives turn energy planning problems naturally into multi-objective optimization problems. In the current study, mixed fuel combustion is considered as an option to achieve tradeoff between economic objective (associated with fuel cost) and emission objective (measured in CO2 emission cost according to fuels and emission allowance price) because a fuel with higher emissions is usually cheaper than one with lower emissions. Combined heat and power (CHP) production is an important high-efficiency technology to promote under the emission trading scheme. In CHP production, the production planning of both commodities must be done in coordination. A long-term planning problem decomposes into thousands of hourly subproblems. In this paper, a bi-objective multi-period linear programming CHP planning model is presented first. Then, an efficient specialized merging algorithm for constructing the exact Pareto frontier (PF) of the problem is presented. The algorithm is theoretically and empirically compared against a modified dichotomic search algorithm. The efficiency and effectiveness of the algorithm is justified

  14. Wind power planning and operational benefits and issues in evolving competitive markets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper discusses the advantages of wind energy generators for both short periods (hours to days) and for longer periods. The value of wind power in the light of the increasing level of risk that owners of generators will face in the new electricity market is also discussed. It is claimed that only now are we beginning to understand the issues associated with the use of large-scale wind power plants in regulated markets and this is coming about through a combination of both experience and computer modelling. As the electric power market becomes increasingly competitive, it is necessary to adapt our knowledge base to cope with the new market structure and to appreciate the associated risks and how they can be mitigated by, say, good siting. The importance of power transmission from wind power generators is emphasised: only if transmission access is afforded to all technologies will the competition succeed

  15. Issues Influencing Power Energy Efficiency the in 11th Five-Year Plan Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mi Jianhua; Jin Wen

    2006-01-01

    @@ Incessant promotion of power efficiency Since long, power industrial energy-saving specifications,standards and management systems has been systematically established pursuant to state laws, regulations and policies,and been steadily improved through optimization, structure upgrading, and technical retrofitting. The ratio of primary energy transformed into electric energy, the ratio of electric energy consumed by end users and the important power technical and economic indexes which weigh national economic development level, economic efficiency, energy utilization efficiency and environmental protection have been continuously improved and gained significant progress. In particular, along with the rapid development and incessant technical upgrading of Chinese power industry, the commissioning of Left Bank Station of the Three Gorges Hydropower Station, 900-MW (1000-MW class) super-critical coal-fired unit in Waigaoqiao Plant and 750-kV transmission and substation project as representatives indicate the additional part of power development has reached basically the world advanced level.

  16. Multi objective large power system planning under sever loading condition using learning DE-APSO-PS strategy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • An efficient planning strategy using DE and APSO in coordination with PS algorithm is proposed. • An interactive process is proposed to balance the exploitation and exploration capability of (DE-APSO) and PS. • Fuel cost, power loss, and voltage deviation considering loading condition are optimized. • The proposed strategy (DE-APSO-PS) is validated on three large practical test systems. - Abstract: This paper introduces an efficient planning strategy using new hybrid interactive differential evolution (DE), adaptive particle swarm optimization (APSO), and pattern search (PS) for solving the security optimal power flow (SOPF) considering multi distributed static VAR compensator (SVC). Three objective functions such as fuel cost, power loss and voltage deviation are considered and optimized considering sever loading conditions. The main idea of the proposed strategy is that variable controls are optimized based on superposition mechanism, the best solutions evaluated by DE and APSO at specified stages are communicated to PS to exploit new regions around this solution, alternatively the new solution achieved by PS is also communicated to DE and APSO, this interactive mechanism search between global and local search is to balance the exploitation and exploration capability which allows individuals from different methods to react more by learning and changing experiences. The robustness of the proposed strategy is tested and validated on large practical power system test (IEEE 118-Bus, IEEE 300-Bus, and 40 units). Comparison results with the standard global optimization methods such as DE, APSO PS and to other recent techniques showed the superiority and perspective of the proposed hybrid technique for solving practical power system problems

  17. Development of the nuclear power programme in the Republic of Korea: Experience and plans

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The role of nuclear power in the Republic of Korea's economy is discussed in this paper, especially the economic contribution of the first nuclear power plant, which has been in operation since 1978. Since nuclear power has and will continue to be economically preferable in Korea to fossil fuel as per the results of WASP, the program run which has been analysed here, it is assumed in this study that the nuclear share of total installed power capacity will grow steadily from the current 6% to over 47%, involving 13 nuclear units by 1991, and by 2000 to about 60%, involving 31 nuclear units. Such experience as local participation in nuclear power projects is also briefly discussed in terms of construction, architectural engineering, and hardware manufacturing, based on the nine currently committed nuclear units. The current infrastructure for the development of the Korean nuclear power programme is discussed and some suggestions are made especially in respect to nuclear safety evaluation to solve those problems effectively which may arise in the course of carrying out the massive nuclear power programme which Korea is about to carry out. Since the world uranium reserves are limited, it is desirable that fast-breeder reactors soon be commercially available. In this sense, the future nuclear reactor mix scenario has been strategically analysed. As a result, the need for international co-operation is emphasized to improve nuclear safety and to solve spent-fuel problems. (author)

  18. Modeling an aggressive energy-efficiency scenario in long-range load forecasting for electric power transmission planning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Improved representation of end-use energy efficiency is needed for load forecasting. • An emergent application is long-range electric power transmission planning. • A “hybrid” econometric-technology forecasting approach incorporates efficiency. • A high efficiency scenario was created for Western U.S. transmission planning. • Significant load-growth reductions from increased end-use efficiency are possible. - Abstract: Improving the representation of end-use energy efficiency, and of the effects of policies and programs to promote it, is an emergent priority for electricity load forecasting models and methods. This paper describes a “hybrid” load forecasting approach combining econometric and technological elements that is designed to meet this need, in a novel application to long-run electric power transmission planning in the western United States. A twenty-year load forecast incorporating significant increases in energy-efficiency programs and policies across multiple locations was developed in order to assess the potential of efficiency to reduce load growth and requirements for expanded transmission capacity. Load forecasting and transmission planning background is summarized, the theoretical and empirical aspects of the hybrid methodology described, and the assumptions, structure, data development, and results of the aggressive efficiency scenario are presented. The analysis shows that substantial electricity savings are possible in this scenario in most residential and commercial end-uses, and in the industrial sector, with magnitudes depending upon the specific end-use as well as upon the geographic location of the utility or other entity providing the electricity

  19. The strategical planning as quality intake in electric power utilities; O planejamento estrategico como insumo da qualidade em empresas de energia eletrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva Filho, A.; Cordeiro, M.L.R. [ELETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    1992-12-31

    A methodology for a strategical plan elaboration aiming the electric power distribution sector is shown, including the following steps: thr company business; company goal; environmental analysis; definition of the company behaviour principles, guidelines, purpose and strategies; programs and projects elaboration; responsibility definition and the follow of strategical plan. (C.G.C.)

  20. Interim format and content for a physical security plan for nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document serves as interim guidance to assist the licensee or applicant in the preparation of a physical security plan. It is to be used in conjunction with interim acceptance criteria for physical security programs, which will be distributed at a later date

  1. Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Power of Nonviolence. [Lesson Plan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Endowment for the Humanities (NFAH), Washington, DC.

    This lesson plan introduces students in grades 6-8 to Martin Luther King Jr.'s philosophy of nonviolence and the teachings of Mohandas K. Gandhi that influenced King's views. After considering the political impact of this philosophy, students explore its relevance to personal life. In these 6 lessons students will: (1) examine the philosophy of…

  2. 2015 Plan. Project 2: the electric power sector and the Brazilian economy: insertion and forecasts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This project shows the economic and the energetic view of the Brazilian electric power sector, mentioning the actual conjuncture; the economy evolution; some sector forecasts; demographical aspects; international price of petroleum and National Energetic Matrix. (C.G.C.)

  3. SGCC Invests Heavily in Power Grids during 11th Five-Year Plan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>At the start of January, the State Grid Corporation of China (SGCC) announced that, by 2015, it would build more than 1 million kilometers of 110 KV + lines, complete more than 4 billion in KVA power transformation,

  4. Satellite Power System (SPS) concept development and evaluation program plan, July 1977 - August 1980

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-01-01

    An overview of the program to evaluate the solar satellite power system concept is presented. Environmental, health, and safety factors are examined along with economic, international, and institutional issues.

  5. Kilowatt isotope power system phase II plan. Volume II: flight System Conceptual Design (FSCD)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Kilowatt Isotope Power System (KIPS) Flight System Conceptual Design (FSCD) is described. Included are a background, a description of the flight system conceptual design, configuration of components, flight system performance, Ground Demonstration System test results, and advanced development tests

  6. Wind Power, Published in 2005, Smaller than 1:100000 scale, Garrett County Planning & Land Development.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Wind Power dataset, published at Smaller than 1:100000 scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2005. Data by this...

  7. Kilowatt isotope power system phase II plan. Volume II: flight System Conceptual Design (FSCD)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-03-01

    The Kilowatt Isotope Power System (KIPS) Flight System Conceptual Design (FSCD) is described. Included are a background, a description of the flight system conceptual design, configuration of components, flight system performance, Ground Demonstration System test results, and advanced development tests.

  8. Preliminary study of the emergency planning zone evaluation for the nuclear power plant in Taiwan by using MACCS2 code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    According to government regulation, the Emergency Planning Zone (EPZ) of Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) must be designated before operation. The related emergency response planning (ERP) in EPZ must be planned to guarantee all necessary resources are available under the postulated accidents of NPP. Thus the pre-planned necessary actions will be helpful to protect population from the damage during the possible accident. The purpose of this preliminary study is to perform the evaluation of EPZ for a NPP by using MACCS2 (MELCOR Accident Consequence Code System 2) code which was developed by SNL for estimating the radiological doses, health effects, and economic consequences that could result from postulated accidental releases of radioactive materials to the atmosphere. The specific meteorological data used in this study was collected during July 1997 to June 1998 at the planned site and the population distribution was reinvestigated in April 1999. The source term data including inventory, sensible heat content, timing, duration, the fraction of inventory released with each segment etc. are based on a preliminary design result of the NPP. The effective dose equivalent and thyroid dose together with the related individual risk, social risk for each category of accidents are evaluated by MACCS2 code. An interface program has been developed to summarize the dose and risk results from all the accident categories. By comparing the results of individual risk, societal risk, whole body dose, and thyroid dose vs. distance to the Protection Action Guide and the NUREG-0396 report related criteria, a reasonably conservative EPZ is proposed. (author)

  9. Spatio-temporal modelling of electrical supply systems to optimize the site planning process for the "power to mobility" technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karl, Florian; Zink, Roland

    2016-04-01

    The transformation of the energy sector towards decentralized renewable energies (RE) requires also storage systems to ensure security of supply. The new "Power to Mobility" (PtM) technology is one potential solution to use electrical overproduction to produce methane for i.e. gas vehicles. Motivated by these fact, the paper presents a methodology for a GIS-based temporal modelling of the power grid, to optimize the site planning process for the new PtM-technology. The modelling approach is based on a combination of the software QuantumGIS for the geographical and topological energy supply structure and OpenDSS for the net modelling. For a case study (work in progress) of the city of Straubing (Lower Bavaria) the parameters of the model are quantified. The presentation will discuss the methodology as well as the first results with a view to the application on a regional scale.

  10. A study on maintenance optimization by the automatic planning tool for regular plant outage work in nuclear power plant using the logic programming language 'Prolog'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper discusses maintenance optimization by the automatic planning tool for regular plant outage work in nuclear power plant using the logic programming language 'Prolog'. As a result of consideration, the following results were obtained. (1) The automatic planning tool for regular plant outage in nuclear power plant was developed. (2) Using this tool, the work plan for BWR primary recirculation system and residual heat removal system was automatically made on the condition of flattening man loading over the plant outage schedule as much as possible. (3) Several points for improving the developed tool were listed. (author)

  11. Beta Test Plan for Advanced Inverters Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoke, A.; Chakraborty, S.; Basso, T.; Coddington, M.

    2014-01-01

    This document provides a preliminary (beta) test plan for grid interconnection systems of advanced inverter-based DERs. It follows the format and methodology/approach established by IEEE Std 1547.1, while incorporating: 1. Upgraded tests for responses to abnormal voltage and frequency, and also including ride-through. 2. A newly developed test for voltage regulation, including dynamic response testing. 3. Modified tests for unintentional islanding, open phase, and harmonics to include testing with the advanced voltage and frequency response functions enabled. Two advanced inverters, one single-phase and one three-phase, were tested under the beta test plan. These tests confirmed the importance of including tests for inverter dynamic response, which varies widely from one inverter to the next.

  12. Methods for planning and operating decentralized combined heat and power plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Palsson, H.

    2000-02-01

    In recent years, the number of decentralized combined heat and power (DCHP) plants, which are typically located in small communities, has grown rapidly. These relatively small plants are based on Danish energy resources, mainly natural gas, and constitute an increasing part of the total energy production in Denmark. The topic of this thesis is the analysis of DCHP plants, with the purpose to optimize the operation of such plants. This involves the modelling of district heating systems, which are frequently connected to DCHP plants, as well as the use of heat storage for balancing between heat and power production. Furthermore, the accumulated effect from increasing number of DCHP plants on the total power production is considered. Methods for calculating dynamic temperature response in district heating (DH) pipes have been reviewed and analyzed numerically. Furthermore, it has been shown that a tree-structured DH network consisting of about one thousand pipes can be reduced to a simple chain structure of ten equivalent pipes without loosing much accuracy when temperature dynamics are calculated. A computationally efficient optimization method based on stochastic dynamic programming has been designed to find an optimum start-stop strategy for a DCHP plant with a heat storage. The method focuses on how to utilize heat storage in connection with CHP production. A model for the total power production in Eastern Denmark has been applied to the accumulated DCHP production. Probability production simulations have been extended from the traditional power-only analysis to include one or several heat supply areas. (au)

  13. Operation planning of electrical power systems; Planeacion de operacion de sistemas electricos de potencia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rivas, Elena [ed.] [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Temixco, Morelos (Mexico)

    1999-07-01

    The development of a software that has facilitated and improved considerably the planning tasks, besides diminishing the production costs is presented. The software denominated Hydrothermal Coordination (HTC)(Coordinacion Hidrotermica (CHT)), was developed in the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas (IIE), with this software the plan of short term operation of the generating units is determined. The software analyzes mathematically a great number of options regarding to the allocation of generation units and selects very close solutions, in cost, to the optimal one. It constitutes in addition an information system that stores the relevant data of each unit, useful for decision making. [Spanish] Se presenta el desarrollo de un software que ha facilitado y mejorado considerablemente las tareas de planeacion, ademas de disminuir los costos de produccion. El paquete denominado Coordinacion Hidrotermica (CHT), fue desarrollado en el Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas (IIE); con el se determina el plan de operacion a corto plazo de las unidades generadoras. El paquete analiza matematicamente un gran numero de opciones en lo que se refiere a la asignacion de unidades de generacion y selecciona soluciones muy cercanas, en costo, a la optima. Constituye ademas un sistema de informacion que almacena los datos relevantes de cada unidad, utiles para la toma de decisiones.

  14. Project final report: Energetic planning focusing small scale hydroelectric power plants; Relatorio final. Projeto planejamento energetico com enfase em pequenas centrais hidreletricas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Costa, Yara dos Santos

    1994-12-31

    Considering the increasing need for a better utilization of the Brazilian hydric resources, a deeper analysis of small scale hydroelectric power plants has been demanding. This work presents a case study of energetic planning based upon small scale hydroelectric power plants in a district of Amazon state - North Brazil 8 refs., 11 figs., 19 tabs.

  15. Annotated bibliography of safety-related occurrences in nuclear power plans as reported in 1974

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    All abnormal occurrences at nuclear power plants reported in 1974 are reviewed and summarized. This bibliography covers the individual reports on each of the 1421 abnormal occurrences reported to the U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, as well as some 455 other documents pertaining to these and other events of note. The review is intended to provide insight as to where additional effort can be expended to improve operations in nuclear power plants. The individual reports, abstracted by the Nuclear Safety Information Center, concern incidents and failures, design or construction deficiencies, and noncompliance citations for license violations. A bibliography is included which contains 100-word abstracts of each incident. For convenience, the bibliography is organized according to type of facility as follows: boiling-water reactors; pressurized-water reactors; non-water-cooled power reactors; and reactors, general. Key-word and permuted-title indexes are provided for each section. (U.S.)

  16. A method for site-dependent planning and its application to the preselection of sites for thermal power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the first part of the paper a computer-aided method for dealing with the problems of site-dependent planning is described. By means of the modular program system COPLAN complex conjunction between locally varying data can be performed rapidly and accurately with respect to spatial orientation. The system consists of data input, numerous ways of processing, and graphical representation of the results. The second part shows the application of the system to preselection of sites for thermal power plants. By means of a method analyzing its usefulness, the suitability of each point in (the German Federal State of) Baden-Wuerttemberg as a power plant site is determined. Compared with the currently used methods of preliminary site selection the present method is distinguished by area-covering calculation, the possibility of balancing up advantages and disadvantages, as well as transparency and suitability for being checked up. The paper establishes and considers criteria from the fields of operational economy, safety, ecology, and district planning. The computations are performed for different orders of preference. It is shown that there are regions of sites which are acceptable with respect to a large spectrum of object systems. (orig.)

  17. Transmit Power Minimization and Base Station Planning for High-Speed Trains with Multiple Moving Relays in OFDMA Systems

    KAUST Repository

    Ghazzai, Hakim

    2016-03-15

    High-speed railway system equipped with moving relay stations placed on the middle of the ceiling of each train wagon is investigated. The users inside the train are served in two hops via the orthogonal frequency-division multiple access (OFDMA) technology. In this work, we first focus on minimizing the total downlink power consumption of the base station (BS) and the moving relays while respecting specific quality of service (QoS) constraints. We first derive the optimal resource allocation solution in terms of OFDMA subcarriers and power allocation using the dual decomposition method. Then, we propose an efficient algorithm based on the Hungarian method in order to find a suboptimal but low complexity solution. Moreover, we propose an OFDMA planning solution for high-speed train by finding the maximal inter-BS distance given the required user data rates in order to perform seamless handover. Our simulation results illustrate the performance of the proposed resource allocation schemes in the case of the 3GPP Long Term Evolution-Advanced (LTE-A) and compare them with previously developed algorithms as well as with the direct transmission scenario. Our results also highlight the significant planning gain obtained thanks to the use of multiple relays instead of the conventional single relay scenario.

  18. System model for evaluation of an emergency response plan for a nuclear power plant based on an assessment of nuclear emergency exercises

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear power plants are designed and built with systems dedicated to provide a high degree of protection to its workers, the population living in their neighborhoods and the environment. Among the requirements for ensuring safety there are the existence of the nuclear emergency plan. Due to the relationship between the actions contemplated in the emergency plan and the nuclear emergency exercise, it becomes possible to assess the quality of the nuclear emergency plan, by means of emergency exercise evaluation, The techniques used in this work aim at improving the evaluation method of a nuclear emergency exercise through the use of performance indicators in the evaluation of the structures, actions and procedures involved. The proposed model enables comparisons between different moments of an emergency plan directed to a nuclear power plant as well as comparisons between plans dedicated to different facilities. (author)

  19. System model for evaluation of an emergency response plan for a nuclear power plant based on an assessment of nuclear emergency exercises

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Marcos Vinicius C.; Medeiros, Jose A.C.C. [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (PEN/COPPE/UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-Graduacao de Engenharia. Programa de Engenharia Nuclear

    2011-07-01

    Nuclear power plants are designed and built with systems dedicated to provide a high degree of protection to its workers, the population living in their neighborhoods and the environment. Among the requirements for ensuring safety there are the existence of the nuclear emergency plan. Due to the relationship between the actions contemplated in the emergency plan and the nuclear emergency exercise, it becomes possible to assess the quality of the nuclear emergency plan, by means of emergency exercise evaluation, The techniques used in this work aim at improving the evaluation method of a nuclear emergency exercise through the use of performance indicators in the evaluation of the structures, actions and procedures involved. The proposed model enables comparisons between different moments of an emergency plan directed to a nuclear power plant as well as comparisons between plans dedicated to different facilities. (author)

  20. Mechanisms of Power within a Community-Based Food Security Planning Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCullum, Christine; Pelletier, David; Barr, Donald; Wilkins, Jennifer; Habicht, Jean-Pierre

    2004-01-01

    A community food security movement has begun to address problems of hunger and food insecurity by utilizing a community-based approach. Although various models have been implemented, little empirical research has assessed how power operates within community-based food security initiatives. The purpose of this research was to determine how power…

  1. Emergency planning and preparedness for re-entry of a nuclear powered satellite

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This safety practice report provides a general overview of the management of incidents or emergencies that may be created when nuclear power sources employed in space systems accidentally re-enter the earth's atmosphere and impact on its surface. 8 refs, 4 figs, 7 tabs

  2. Participation and Power: Reflections on the Role of Government in Land Use Planning and Rural Development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aarts, M.N.C.; Leeuwis, C.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: To examine the role of power in interactive policymaking settings. Design/Methodology/Approach: A literature study is combined with four case studies relating to citizen participation in natural resource management and rural development in the Netherlands. Findings: Many of the identified p

  3. Participation and power: reflections on the role of government in land use planning and rural development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    N. Aarts; C. Leeuwis

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: To examine the role of power in interactive policymaking settings. Design/Methodology/Approach: A literature study is combined with four case studies relating to citizen participation in natural resource management and rural development in the Netherlands. Findings: Many of the identified p

  4. Population risk in the wider area around the planned nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Risk assessment methodology as presented in WASH-1000 has been intoduced. In spite of numerous uncertainties owing to the assumptions and simplifications, the methodology proved to be very useful if it accompanies the NPP design development. The Sizewell-B project, having parallels with our present search for the standard NPP being acceptable for a series of NPPs, illustrates how the present low risk level can be achieved. Within the 80 km radius around the planned Prevlaka site the individual and population risk was partly and preliminary assessed, assuming a 1000 MW PWR design.(author)

  5. Energy and electricity demand forecasting for nuclear power planning in developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Guidebook is designed to be a reference document to forecast energy and electricity demand. It presents concepts and methodologies that have been developed to make an analytical approach to energy/electricity demand forecasting as part of the planning process. The Guidebook is divided into 6 main chapters: (Energy demand and development, energy demand analysis, electric load curve analysis, energy and electricity demand forecasting, energy and electricity demand forecasting tools used in various organizations, IAEA methodologies for energy and electricity demand forecasting) and 3 appendices (experience with case studies carried out by the IAEA, reference technical data, reference economic data). A bibliography and a glossary complete the Guidebook. Refs, figs and tabs

  6. A Statistical Approach to Planning Reserved Electric Power for Railway Infrastructure Administration

    OpenAIRE

    M. Brabec; Pelikán, E. (Emil); Konár, O. (Ondřej); Kasanický, I.; Juruš, P. (Pavel); Sadil, J.; Blažek, P.

    2013-01-01

    One of the requirements on railway infrastructure administration is to provide electricity for day-to-day operation of railways. We propose a statistically based approach for the estimation of maximum 15-minute power within a calendar month for a given region. This quantity serves as a basis of contracts between railway infrastructure administration and electricity distribution system operator. We show that optimization of the prediction is possible, based on underlying loss function deriv...

  7. NuSTAR Results and Future Plans for Magnetar and Rotation-Powered Pulsar Observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    An, H.; Kaspi, V. M.; Archibald, R.; Bachetti, M.; Bhalerao, V.; Bellm, E. C.; Beloborodov, A. M.; Boggs, S. E.; Chakrabarty, D.; Christensen, F. E.; Craig, W. W.; Dufour, F.; Forster, K.; Gotthelf, B. W.; Grefenstette, B. W.; Hailey, C. J.; Harrison, F. A.; Hascoet, R.; Kitaguchi, T.; Kouveliotou, Ch.; Madsen, K. K.; Mori, K.; Pivovaroff, M. J.; Rana, V. R.; Stern, D.; Tendulkar, S.; Tomsick, J. A.; Vogel, J. K.; Zhang, William W.

    2014-01-01

    The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) is the first focusing hard X-ray mission in orbit and operates in the 3-79 keV range. NuSTAR's sensitivity is roughly two orders of magnitude better than previous missions in this energy band thanks to its superb angular resolution. Since its launch in 2012 June, NuSTAR has performed excellently and observed many interesting sources including four magnetars, two rotation-powered pulsars and the cataclysmic variable AE Aquarii. NuSTAR also discovered 3.76-s pulsations from the transient source SGR J1745-29 recently found by Swift very close to the Galactic center, clearly identifying the source as a transient magnetar. For magnetar 1E 1841-045, we show that the spectrum is well fit by an absorbed blackbody plus broken power-law model with a hard power-law photon index of approximately 1.3. This is consistent with previous results by INTEGRAL and RXTE. We also find an interesting double-peaked pulse profile in the 25-35 keV band. For AE Aquarii, we show that the spectrum can be described by a multi-temperature thermal model or a thermal plus non-thermal model; a multi-temperature thermal model without a non-thermal component cannot be ruled out. Furthermore, we do not see a spiky pulse profile in the hard X-ray band, as previously reported based on Suzaku observations. For other magnetars and rotation-powered pulsars observed with NuSTAR, data analysis results will be soon available.

  8. NuSTAR results and future plans for magnetar and rotation-powered pulsar observations

    CERN Document Server

    An, Hongjun; Archibald, Robert; Bachetti, Matteo; Bhalerao, Varun; Bellm, Eric C; Beloborodov, Andrei M; Boggs, Steven E; Chakrabarty, Deepto; Christensen, Finn E; Craig, William W; Dufour, Francois; Forster, Karl; Gotthelf, Eric V; Grefenstette, Brian W; Hailey, Charles J; Harrison, Fiona A; Hascoet, Romain; Kitaguchi, Takao; Kouveliotou, Chryssa; Madsen, Kristin K; Mori, Kaya; Pivovaroff, Michael J; Rana, Vikram R; Stern, Daniel; Tendulkar, Shriharsh; Tomsick, John A; Vogel, Julia K; Zhang, William W

    2014-01-01

    The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) is the first focusing hard X-ray mission in orbit and operates in the 3-79 keV range. NuSTAR's sensitivity is roughly two orders of magnitude better than previous missions in this energy band thanks to its superb angular resolution. Since its launch in 2012 June, NuSTAR has performed excellently and observed many interesting sources including four magnetars, two rotation-powered pulsars and the cataclysmic variable AE Aquarii. NuSTAR also discovered 3.76-s pulsations from the transient source SGR J1745-29 recently found by Swift very close to the Galactic Center, clearly identifying the source as a transient magnetar. For magnetar 1E 1841-045, we show that the spectrum is well fit by an absorbed blackbody plus broken power-law model with a hard power-law photon index of ~1.3. This is consistent with previous results by INTEGRAL and RXTE. We also find an interesting double-peaked pulse profile in the 25-35 keV band. For AE Aquarii, we show that the spectrum ca...

  9. 15 years of production of electric energy of the Laguna Verde power plant, its plans and future

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the year 2005 Laguna Verde power plant reaches 15 years of producing electric power in Mexico arriving to but of 100 million Megawatts-hour from their beginning of commercial activities. The Unit 1 that entered at July 29, 1990 and the Unit 2 at April 10, 1995, obtaining the Disposability Factors from their origin is: 84.63% in Unit 1 and 83.67% in Unit 2. The march of the X XI century gives big challenges of competition to the Laguna Verde Central, with the possible opening of the electric market to private investment, for their Goals and Objectives of a world class company, taking the evaluation system and qualification of the World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO) that promotes the Excellence in the operation of the nuclear power stations in all their partners. This Association supports the development of programs that allow the monitoring of the behavior in Safety Culture, Human fulfilment, Equipment reliability, Industrial Safety, Planning, Programming and Control, Personalized Systematic Training, and the use of the Operational experience in the daily tasks. The present work tries to explain the system of evaluation/qualification of WANO, the definition of Goals and Objectives to reach the excellence and of the programs, it will present the Program of the Reliability of Equipment with its main actions the productivity. (Author)

  10. Decision-Making Model of Power Network Planning with Wind Power Integration Considering Environmental Bearing Capacity%计及环境承载力的风电并网规划决策模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾鸣; 向红伟; 陈英杰; 刘晓立; 刘洋; 邹晖

    2013-01-01

    To maintain the reliability of wind power integration, a four-dimensional environment of decision-making of power network planning with wind power integration is proposed. To consider the features of new energy integration, this article focuses especially on the impact of technical environment and ecological environment on power network planning. Based on the theory of environmental bearing capacity, the decision of power network planning with wind power integration considered is studied, which helps to make a comprehensive and accurate decision of power network planning from aspects of technique, ecology, economy and policy.%为维持风电并网的可靠性,以某区域电网为例,提出了风电并网规划决策的四维环境并分别进行了承压度建模,针对新能源接入特性分析了技术环境和生态环境对电网规划的影响,基于环境承载力理论研究了风电接入电网规划决策,从技术、生态、经济及政策等方面准确地作出电网规划的决策.

  11. Shift systems in nuclear power plants - aspects for planning, shift systems, utility practice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This lecture contains the most important aspects of shift structure and shift organisation. The criteria for shift planning involving essential tasks, duties, laws and regulations, medical aspects, social aspects, will be presented. In the Federal Republic of Germany some basic models were established, which will be shown and explained with special reference to the number of teams, size of shift crews and absence regulations. Moreover, the lecture will deal with rotation systems and provisions for the transfer of shift responsibilities. By example of a utility plant commissioning time scale (1300 MW PWR) the practice of shift installations will be shown as well as the most important points of education and training. Within this compass the criteria and requirements for training and education of operational personnel in the Federal Republic of Germany will also be touched. (orig.)

  12. Research on Power Source Planning of Guangdong Province in the 13th Five-year Plan Period%广东"十三五"电源规划研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢洵; 林勇; 程鑫; 吴伟杰

    2016-01-01

    "十三五"是广东电力转变发展方式、优化电源结构与布局的重要机遇期,在面临经济发展方式转型、可再生能源消纳规模不断扩大、生态环境约束逐步增强的新发展时期,科学合理的电源规划工作十分重要.基于此,提出了广东电源优选方案及电源实际进度方案,研究了电源规划优化方法,并对两类规划方案技术经济进行对比.研究表明,电源优选方案将会给电网建设、调度运行、全社会资源配置等方面带来显著的社会经济效益.%The 13th five-year plan period is the important opportunity time for Guangdong electric power transferring devel-opment mode,optimizing power source structure and layout. In the new development period of transformation of economic development mode,gradual expansion of absorptive scale of renewable energy source and progressive enhancement of eco-logical environment constraint,it is very important to scientifically and reasonably implement power source planning. Therefore,this paper proposes optimization scheme for Guangdong power source and actual schedule planning,studies opti-mization methods for power source planning and compares two kinds of planning schemes in technique and economy aspects. Research indicates that the optimization scheme for power source may produce obvious social and economic benefits for pow-er grid construction,dispatching operation,social resources configuration,and so on.

  13. Line-Focus Solar Power Plant Cost Reduction Plan (Milestone Report)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kutscher, C.; Mehos, M.; Turchi, C.; Glatzmaier, G.; Moss, T.

    2010-12-01

    Line-focus solar collectors, in particular parabolic trough collectors, are the most mature and proven technology available for producing central electricity from concentrated solar energy. Because this technology has over 25 years of successful operational experience, resulting in a low perceived risk, it is likely that it will continue to be a favorite of investors for some time. The concentrating solar power (CSP) industry is developing parabolic trough projects that will cost billions of dollars, and it is supporting these projects with hundreds of millions of dollars of research and development funding. While this technology offers many advantages over conventional electricity generation -- such as utilizing plentiful domestic renewable fuel and having very low emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollutants -- it provides electricity in the intermediate power market at about twice the cost of its conventional competitor, combined cycle natural gas. The purpose of this document is to define a set of activities from fiscal year 2011 to fiscal year 2016 that will make this technology economically competitive with conventional means.

  14. NuSTAR results and future plans for magnetar and rotation‐powered pulsar observations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    An, H.; Kaspi, V.M.; Archibald, R.;

    2014-01-01

    launch in 2012 June, NuSTAR has performed excellently and observed many interesting sources including four magnetars, two rotation‐powered pulsars and the cataclysmic variable AE Aquarii. NuSTAR also discovered 3.76‐s pulsations from the transient source SGR J1745–29 recently found by Swift very close...... to the Galactic center, clearly identifying the source as a transient magnetar. For magnetar 1E 1841–045, we show that the spectrum is well fit by an absorbed blackbody plus broken power‐law model with a hard power‐law photon index of ∼ 1.3. This is consistent with previous results by INTEGRAL and RXTE. We also......, we do not see a spiky pulse profile in the hard X‐ray band, as previously reported based on Suzaku observations. For other magnetars and rotation‐powered pulsars observed with NuSTAR, data analysis results will be soon available. (© 2014 WILEY‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)...

  15. A three-stage short-term electric power planning procedure for a generation company in a liberalized market

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nabona, Narcis; Pages, Adela [Department of Statistics and Operations Research, Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, 08034 Barcelona (Spain)

    2007-06-15

    In liberalized electricity markets, generation companies bid their hourly generation in order to maximize their profit. The optimization of the generation bids over a short-term weekly period must take into account the action of the competing generation companies and the market-price formation rules and must be coordinated with long-term planning results. This paper presents a three stage optimization process with a data analysis and parameter calculation, a linearized unit commitment, and a nonlinear generation scheduling refinement. Although the procedure has been developed from the experience with the Spanish power market, with minor adaptations it is also applicable to any generation company participating in a competitive market system. (author)

  16. A three-stage short-term electric power planning procedure for a generation company in a liberalized market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In liberalized electricity markets, generation companies bid their hourly generation in order to maximize their profit. The optimization of the generation bids over a short-term weekly period must take into account the action of the competing generation companies and the market-price formation rules and must be coordinated with long-term planning results. This paper presents a three stage optimization process with a data analysis and parameter calculation, a linearized unit commitment, and a nonlinear generation scheduling refinement. Although the procedure has been developed from the experience with the Spanish power market, with minor adaptations it is also applicable to any generation company participating in a competitive market system. (author)

  17. Development of a stochastic simulation–optimization model for planning electric power systems – A case study of Shanghai, China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • A stochastic simulation–optimization model (SSOM) is developed for planning EPS. • It can reflect risk of violating system constraints under uncertainty. • SSOM can predict electricity demand and optimize energy allocation. • Scenarios associated with SO2-emission mitigation policy are analyzed. • Results create tradeoffs among system cost, energy generation and SO2 mitigation. - Abstract: In this study, a stochastic simulation–optimization model (SSOM) is developed for planning electric power systems (EPS) under uncertainty. SSOM integrates techniques of support-vector-regression (SVR), Monte Carlo simulation, and inexact chance-constrained programming (ICP) into a general framework. SVR coupled Monte Carlo technique is used to predict the electricity consumption amount; ICP is effective for reflecting the reliability of satisfying (or risk of violating) system constraints under uncertainty. The SSOM can not only predict the electricity demand exactly, but also allows uncertainties presented as interval values and probability distributions. The developed SSOM is applied to a real-case study of planning the EPS of Shanghai, with an objective of minimizing system cost and under constraints of resources availability and environmental regulations. Different scenarios associated with SO2-emission policies are analyzed. Results are valuable for (a) facilitating predicting electricity demand, and generating useful solutions including the optimal strategies regarding energy sources allocation, electricity conversion technologies, and capacity expansion schemes, (b) resolving of conflicts and interactions among economic cost, electricity generation pattern, SO2-emission mitigation, and system reliability, and (c) identifying strategies for improving air quality in Shanghai through analyzing the economic and environmental implications associated with SO2-emission reduction policies

  18. Regional-scale electric power system planning under uncertainty-A multistage interval-stochastic integer linear programming approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Y.F. [Energy and Environmental Research Center, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China); Huang, G.H., E-mail: gordon.huang@uregina.c [Environmental Systems Engineering Program, Faculty of Engineering, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, S4S 0A2 (Canada); College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Li, Y.P. [College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Xu, Y.; Chen, W.T. [Energy and Environmental Research Center, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China)

    2010-01-15

    In this study, a multistage interval-stochastic regional-scale energy model (MIS-REM) is developed for supporting electric power system (EPS) planning under uncertainty that is based on a multistage interval-stochastic integer linear programming method. The developed MIS-REM can deal with uncertainties expressed as both probability distributions and interval values existing in energy system planning problems. Moreover, it can reflect dynamic decisions for electricity generation schemes and capacity expansions through transactions at discrete points of a multiple representative scenario set over a multistage context. It can also analyze various energy-policy scenarios that are associated with economic penalties when the regulated targets are violated. A case study is provided for demonstrating the applicability of the developed model, where renewable and non-renewable energy resources, economic concerns, and environmental requirements are integrated into a systematic optimization process. The results obtained are helpful for supporting (a) adjustment or justification of allocation patterns of regional energy resources and services, (b) formulation of local policies regarding energy consumption, economic development, and energy structure, and (c) analysis of interactions among economic cost, environmental requirement, and energy-supply security.

  19. Regional-scale electric power system planning under uncertainty. A multistage interval-stochastic integer linear programming approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Y.F.; Xu, Y.; Chen, W.T. [Energy and Environmental Research Center, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China); Huang, G.H. [Environmental Systems Engineering Program, Faculty of Engineering, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan (Canada); College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Li, Y.P. [College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

    2010-01-15

    In this study, a multistage interval-stochastic regional-scale energy model (MIS-REM) is developed for supporting electric power system (EPS) planning under uncertainty that is based on a multistage interval-stochastic integer linear programming method. The developed MIS-REM can deal with uncertainties expressed as both probability distributions and interval values existing in energy system planning problems. Moreover, it can reflect dynamic decisions for electricity generation schemes and capacity expansions through transactions at discrete points of a multiple representative scenario set over a multistage context. It can also analyze various energy-policy scenarios that are associated with economic penalties when the regulated targets are violated. A case study is provided for demonstrating the applicability of the developed model, where renewable and non-renewable energy resources, economic concerns, and environmental requirements are integrated into a systematic optimization process. The results obtained are helpful for supporting (a) adjustment or justification of allocation patterns of regional energy resources and services, (b) formulation of local policies regarding energy consumption, economic development, and energy structure, and (c) analysis of interactions among economic cost, environmental requirement, and energy-supply security. (author)

  20. 风力发电工程造价控制及编制方法%Cost Control and Its Planning of Wind Power Project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘秀玲

    2014-01-01

    The cost of wind power generation projects is usually planned according to the engineering design and the pro -ject budget .In this paper , the cost planning of wind power generation projects is analyzed .Considering the actual situa-tion of wind power projects , some reasonable and effective planning methods and control measures of the project cost are proposed.%风力发电工程造价的编制是根据风力发电工程设计结合工程的概算定额进行的。对风力发电工程造价的编制进行了分析,并结合风力发电工程的实际情况,提出了合理有效的编制方法与控制措施。

  1. Plan for research to improve the safety of light-water nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission's first annual report to Congress on recommendations for research on improving the safety of light-water nuclear power plants. Suggestions for reactor safety research were identified in, or received from, various sources, including the Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards, the NRC regulatory staff, and the consultants to the Research Review Group. After an initial screening to eliminate those not related to improved reactor safety, all the suggestions were consolidated into research topics. It is recommended that the following research projects be carried out: alternate containment concepts, especially vented containments; alternate decay heat removal concepts, especially add-on bunkered systems; alternate emergency core cooling concepts; improved in-plant accident response; and advanced seismic designs

  2. Geothermal power plants of Mexico and Central America: a technical survey of existing and planned installations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    DiPippo. R.

    1978-07-01

    In this report, the fifth in a series describing the geothermal power plants of the world, the countries of Mexico and of Central America are studied. The geothermal plants are located in areas of recent and active volcanism; the resources are of the liquid-dominated type. Details are given about the plants located at Cerro Prieto in Mexico and at Ahuachapan in El Salvador. In both cases, attention is paid to the geologic nature of the fields, the well programs, geofluid characteristics, energy conversion systems, materials of construction, effluent handling systems, economic factors and plant operating experience. Exploration and development activities are described for other promising geothermal areas in Mexico and El Salvador, along with those in the countries of Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Honduras, and Panama.

  3. Power

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elmholdt, Claus Westergård; Fogsgaard, Morten

    2016-01-01

    In this chapter, we will explore the dynamics of power in processes of creativity, and show its paradoxical nature as both a bridge and a barrier to creativity in organisations. Recent social psychological experimental research (Slighte, de Dreu & Nijstad, 2011) on the relation between power...... and creativity suggests that when managers give people the opportunity to gain power and explicate that there is reason to be more creative, people will show a boost in creative behaviour. Moreover, this process works best in unstable power hierarchies, which implies that power is treated as a negotiable...... and floating source for empowering people in the organisation. We will explore and discuss here the potentials, challenges and pitfalls of power in relation to creativity in the life of organisations today. The aim is to demonstrate that power struggles may be utilised as constructive sources of creativity...

  4. Operational planning optimization of steam power plants considering equipment failure in petrochemical complex

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► We develop a systematic programming methodology to address equipment failure. ► We classify different operation conditions into real periods and virtual periods. ► The formulated MILP models guarantee cost reduction and enough operation safety. ► The consideration of reserving operation redundancy is effective. - Abstract: One or more interconnected steam power plants (SPPs) are constructed in a petrochemical complex to supply utility energy to the process. To avoid large economic penalties or process shutdowns, these SPPs should be flexible and reliable enough to meet the process energy requirement under varying conditions. Unexpected utility equipment failure is inevitable and difficult to be predicted. Most of the conventional methods are based on the assumption that SPPs do not experience any kind of equipment failure. Unfortunately, a process shutdown cannot be avoided when equipment fails unexpectedly. In this paper, a systematic methodology is presented to minimize the total cost under normal conditions while reserving enough flexibility and safety for unexpected equipment failure conditions. The proposed method transforms the different conditions into real periods to indicate normal scenarios and virtual periods to indicate unexpected equipment failure scenarios. The optimization strategy incorporating various operation redundancy scheduling, the transition constraints from equipment failure conditions to normal conditions, and the boiler load increase behavior modeling are presented to save cost and guarantee operation safety. A detailed industrial case study shows that the proposed systematic methodology is effective and practical in coping with equipment failure conditions with only few additional cost penalties

  5. Reducing the CO2 emissions from fossil fuel power plans by exhaust gas treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The emission of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other pollutants which result from burning fossil fuels has been identified as the major contributor to global warming and climate change. However, for the short term, at least for the next 10-20 years, the world will continue to rely on fossil fuels as the source of primary energy. The challenge for the fossil the fuel industry is to find cost-effective solutions that will reduce the release of CO2 and other pollutants into the atmosphere. The focus of this paper is on the ability to treat the exhaust gas from fossil fuel power plants in order to capture and store the CO2 and remove the other pollutants such as SOx and NOx which are released into the atmosphere. In summary, capture/separation costs represent the largest financial impediment for this type of plants. Hence, efficient, cost-effective capture/separation technologies need to be developed to allow their large-scale use. (author)

  6. Power

    OpenAIRE

    Hafford-Letchfield, Trish

    2015-01-01

    This chapter looks at the concept of power in social work by focusing on what this means as a ‘professional’ and theorizes competing discourses of empowerment in social work and its key concepts, drawing in particular on the explanatory powers of critical theorist Michel Foucault (1991). The chapter problematizes the concept of power by explicitly drawing on both users’ and carers’ accounts from the literature to demonstrate different external and internal influences on the root causes of dis...

  7. Follow-up of the results of the nuclear power plant stress tests and action plan.; Seguimiento de los resultados de las pruebas de resistencia de las centrales nucleares y plan de accion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mellado Jimenez, I.

    2012-07-01

    The results of the stress tests carried out by the European nuclear power plants in the wake of the Fukushima Daiichi accident, subsequently subjected to peer reviews, have made it possible to identify the measures to be applied to improve safety. Action plans have been put in place to implement these measures within appropriate time frames. (Author)

  8. Mexsyco project: representation of power plan control-instrumentation functions. Bibliographical analysis and conclusions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study covered in this paper is designed to review the current situation in terms of functional analysis, in order to find a functional analysis method for mechanical parts able to serve as a substrate for expressing operating safety constraints, time-related performance or any other tag of function description. This paper comprises three parts: The first is devoted to general notions of the formats used by the various functional analyses. It attempts to explain the three types of format: behavioural, structural and functional. It tackles the notions of trees and bottom-up and top-down approaches. It proposes examining the link between the expected functions of the systems and the hardware supporting these functions. It attempts to make a distinction between ''operators'' and ''operands'' enabling the notion of object to be linked to that of the three types of format seen above. It ends with a reminder of the distinction between semi-formal and formal. The second part analyses the current situation of functional analysis of the mechanical and control-instrumentation parts of power production plants, through a bibliographical search. The results of this second part are however disappointing. The purpose of the third part of the study is a prototype format built up from the considerations of the first two parts. This format meets our requirements better than those of the bibliographical analysis, but it could doubtless be improved: application of this format to RCV highlights its advantages, but also underlines the improvements needed. Given the deadlines of the Mexsyco project, the decision was taken to suspend development of this format for the time being and use a method currently being produced and based on use of the current functional breakdown (basic plant systems) and of a modular tree-structure representation of the control-instrumentation of a basic plant system. (author). 12 refs., 4 annexes

  9. Non-smooth optimization methods for large-scale problems: applications to mid-term power generation planning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This manuscript deals with large-scale non-smooth optimization that may typically arise when performing Lagrangian relaxation of difficult problems. This technique is commonly used to tackle mixed-integer linear programming - or large-scale convex problems. For example, a classical approach when dealing with power generation planning problems in a stochastic environment is to perform a Lagrangian relaxation of the coupling constraints of demand. In this approach, a master problem coordinates local subproblems, specific to each generation unit. The master problem deals with a separable non-smooth dual function which can be maximized with, for example, bundle algorithms. In chapter 2, we introduce basic tools of non-smooth analysis and some recent results regarding incremental or inexact instances of non-smooth algorithms. However, in some situations, the dual problem may still be very hard to solve. For instance, when the number of dualized constraints is very large (exponential in the dimension of the primal problem), explicit dualization may no longer be possible or the update of dual variables may fail. In order to reduce the dual dimension, different heuristics were proposed. They involve a separation procedure to dynamically select a restricted set of constraints to be dualized along the iterations. This relax-and-cut type approach has shown its numerical efficiency in many combinatorial problems. In chapter 3, we show Primal-dual convergence of such strategy when using an adapted sub-gradient method for the dual step and under minimal assumptions on the separation procedure. Another limit of Lagrangian relaxation may appear when the dual function is separable in highly numerous or complex sub-functions. In such situation, the computational burden of solving all local subproblems may be preponderant in the whole iterative process. A natural strategy would be here to take full advantage of the dual separable structure, performing a dual iteration after having

  10. Planning of medium-voltage networks considering optimized power factor control of distributed generators; Planung von Mittelspannungsnetzen unter Beruecksichtigung von Blindleistungssteuerung dezentraler Erzeugungsanlagen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rotering, Niklas; Schroeders, Christian; Moser, Albert [RWTH Aachen (Germany). IAEW

    2011-07-01

    Distributed generation causes new challenges in medium voltage networks. Especially voltage stability is becoming an issue. Conventional planning measures, like network expansion, can be used to address these challenges but they should planned with great care due to their high costs. Power factor control of distributed generators is an alternative to such measures. Therefore it should also be considered in long term distribution network planning. It is the purpose of this paper to present a new approach for long term medium-voltage network optimization that integrates near optimal power factor control. The structural optimization is heuristic and based on a Delaunay triangulation in combination with an ant colony algorithm. Power factor control is predicated on dynamic programming. It is shown how near optimal results can easily be realized under German law with present technologies. A case study illustrates the impacts and advantages of an integrated planning approach. The integrated optimization results in network costs that are 2.5% lower than the costs of the best topology found by conventional planning. (orig.)

  11. What's at Stake in the Lives of People with Intellectual Disability? Part I: The Power of Naming, Defining, Diagnosing, Classifying, and Planning Supports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schalock, Robert L.; Luckasson, Ruth

    2013-01-01

    This article focuses on the power of naming, defining, diagnosing, classifying, and planning supports for people with intellectual disability. The article summarizes current thinking regarding these five functions, states the essential question addressed by the respective function, and provides an overview of the high stakes involved for people…

  12. The triannual plan of power transmission system manager in Italy; Il piano triennale del GRTN (Gestore delle reti di trasmissione nazionale)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Corrado, A. [Associazione Elettrotecnica ed Elettronica Italiana, Milan (Italy)

    2001-08-01

    This paper reports the important planning activity of power transmission system managering in Italy, even if the document do not illustrate well enough the future prospects. [Italian] Il primo documento di questo tipo: importante, atteso, ma non del tutto esauriente circa le linee di tendenza future.

  13. Advanced communications technology satellite high burst rate link evaluation terminal power control and rain fade software test plan, version 1.0

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinhart, Richard C.

    1993-01-01

    The Power Control and Rain Fade Software was developed at the NASA Lewis Research Center to support the Advanced Communications Technology Satellite High Burst Rate Link Evaluation Terminal (ACTS HBR-LET). The HBR-LET is an experimenters terminal to communicate with the ACTS for various experiments by government, university, and industry agencies. The Power Control and Rain Fade Software is one segment of the Control and Performance Monitor (C&PM) Software system of the HBR-LET. The Power Control and Rain Fade Software automatically controls the LET uplink power to compensate for signal fades. Besides power augmentation, the C&PM Software system is also responsible for instrument control during HBR-LET experiments, control of the Intermediate Frequency Switch Matrix on board the ACTS to yield a desired path through the spacecraft payload, and data display. The Power Control and Rain Fade Software User's Guide, Version 1.0 outlines the commands and procedures to install and operate the Power Control and Rain Fade Software. The Power Control and Rain Fade Software Maintenance Manual, Version 1.0 is a programmer's guide to the Power Control and Rain Fade Software. This manual details the current implementation of the software from a technical perspective. Included is an overview of the Power Control and Rain Fade Software, computer algorithms, format representations, and computer hardware configuration. The Power Control and Rain Fade Test Plan provides a step-by-step procedure to verify the operation of the software using a predetermined signal fade event. The Test Plan also provides a means to demonstrate the capability of the software.

  14. Implementation of the environmental management plan for the dismantling of nuclear powered submarines at Zvezdochka Shipyard, Russia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada is funding the dismantling of twelve nuclear powered submarines (NPS) from the Russian Federation's Northern Fleet as part of the Global Partnership Initiative against weapons and materials of mass destruction. In this paper, work performed by Nuclear Safety Solutions Ltd. and its collaborators in support of these activities is described. First, an environmental impact assessment of towing and dismantling NPS in the Kola Peninsula, and the Barents and White Seas was performed. The assessed activities included: towing of NPS from Naval Bases in Murmansk Region to the Zvezdochka shipyard (Severodvinsk); defuelling of onboard reactors; dismantling of NPS at Zvezdochka; and waste management. The assessment helped identify mitigation measures that could prevent the occurrence of adverse effects. Next, the project team defined and implemented an environmental management plan (EMP) based on the shipyard's existing environmental policy and the mitigating measures identified during the environmental assessment. Specific targets were defined to track the progress of the EMP implementation, and are described in this paper. During the study period, three Victor Class NPS were dismantled at Zvezdochka. The major benefits realized include: removal and spent nuclear fuel assemblies; treatment/decontamination of liquid and solid radioactive waste; and the cultivation of collaboration between Russian and Western expertise. (author)

  15. Implementation of the environmental management plan for the dismantling of nuclear powered submarines at Zvezdochka shipyard, Russia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada is funding the dismantling of twelve nuclear powered submarines (NPS) from the Russian Federation's Northern Fleet as part of the Global Partnership Initiative against weapons and materials of mass destruction. In this paper, work performed by Nuclear Safety Solutions Ltd. and its collaborators in support of these activities is described. First, an environmental impact assessment of towing and dismantling NPS in the Kola Peninsula, and the Barents and White Seas was performed. The assessed activities included: towing of NPS from Naval Bases in Murmansk Region to the Zvezdochka shipyard (Severodvinsk); defuelling of onboard reactors; dismantling of NPS at Zvezdochka; and waste management. The assessment helped identify mitigation measures that could prevent the occurrence of adverse effects. Next, the project team defined and implemented an environmental management plan (EMP) based on the shipyard's existing environmental policy and the mitigating measures identified during the environmental assessment. Specific targets were defined to track the progress of the EMP implementation, and are described in this paper. During the study period, three Victor Class NPS were dismantled at Zvezdochka. The major benefits realized include: removal of spent nuclear fuel assemblies; treatment/ decontamination of liquid and solid radioactive waste; and the cultivation of collaboration between Russian and Western expertise. (author)

  16. Planning under uncertainties paradigm - application to electric power distribution systems planning; Paradigma de planejamento sob incertezas - aplicacao ao planejamento dos sistemas de distribuicao de energia eletrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bianchi Junior, Alberto

    1996-12-31

    In this work it is presented an original methodology of multistage planning, with conflictive objectives and restrictions, incorporating the concept of uncertainties. To do so, the proposed paradigm is based on the Dynamic Programming which comprehends the multistage subject to conflictive restrictions; on the Fuzzy Sets Theory, through the decisions and fuzzy numbers, which model the uncertainties and ambiguous decisions referent to qualitative variables; and on the consideration of evolutional rules associated to network flow algorithm. In its conceptual elaboration, the paradigm is developed in a very ample way, of generalized application to a well defined class of planning problems Particularly, the model fits in the flexible planning, which has been very discussed in the recent literature. Flexible planning must be understood as the one which allows to the planner, under well-defined limits, the evaluation of the planning policy composed by strips of options (discreet or continuous), associated to uncertainty levels related to the real world. In order to validate and consolidate the theoretic concepts, it was elaborated an algorithm turned to the aggregated planning of the distribution of electric energy, that presents intrinsic characteristics which are perfectly fitted in the paradigm`s applicability. (author) 41 refs., 26 figs., 36 tabs.

  17. Critical review of the national action plans (NAcP) of the EU stress tests on nuclear power plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Becker, Oda; Lorenz, Patricia

    2013-04-15

    The Fukushima catastrophe was the horrible result of decades of mistaken safety philosophy, a very lax safety regulation under strong industry influence on the regulators - not only in Japan. The first shock led to the honest attempt to change this, to also involve events which are definitely possible but were kept out of the safety cases by using probabilities. When it was possible to ''prove'' an event as having too low probability, it could be ignored. On 12 October 2012, Tokyo Electric Power Co (TEPCO) admitted that the company had failed to prevent the Fukushima accident, reversing its earlier statement that the accident could not have been foreseen. A TEPCO task force has identified several factors that had led to the accident in March 2011 [NW 18/10/2012]: TEPCO did not learn a lesson from the incident in France of loss of off-site power due to flooding at the Blayais NPP on December 27, 1999, furthermore no safety measures aimed at preventing and mitigating a severe accident had been adopted since 2002. The task force attributed those facts to multiple root causes: - First, the management assumed a severe accident was extremely unlikely in Japan, and feared that retrofitting safety systems would increase anxiety among the public, especially among the residents near the plant. - TEPCO also feared safety retrofitting would require a costly shutdown period. The TEPCO task force also underlined that there were not enough engineers at the site who were familiar with safety systems' designs, operation manuals and their locations. Basically all circumstances leading to the Fukushima accident exist for the European NPP as well - only the tsunami risk does not apply for all NPP but e.g. for several UK NPPs. However the risk of flooding events or of earthquakes exists to a different extent for all NPPs. Also common to all NPPs: the operators insist on the low probabilities to avoid high investments and anti-nuclear activities of the public

  18. U.S. Department of Energy Space and Defense Power Systems Program Ten-Year Strategic Plan, Volume 1 and Volume 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dwight, Carla

    2013-06-01

    The Department of Energy's Space and Defense Power Systems program provides a unique capability for supplying power systems that function in remote or hostile environments. This capability has been functioning since the early 1960s and counts the National Aeronautics and Space Administration as one of its most prominent customers. This enabling technology has assisted the exploration of our solar system including the planets Jupiter, Saturn, Mars, Neptune, and soon Pluto. This capability is one-of-kind in the world in terms of its experience (over five decades), breadth of power systems flown (over two dozen to date) and range of power levels (watts to hundreds of watts). This document describes the various components of that infrastructure, work scope, funding needs, and its strategic plans going forward.

  19. 肃州区农村电网规划与设计%Planning and Design of Suzhou Rural Power Grid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    维云; 李军德

    2014-01-01

    为加强电网建设,提高供电能力,使供电能力的增长能满足县域经济和社会发展对电力不断增长的需求,文章结合肃州区供电公司实际情况,做出该区域农村配电网规划。%In order to enhance power grid construction and improve power supply ability,make the growth of power supply ability to meet the growing demand for electricity in county economic and social development,combined with the ac-tual situation in suzhou power supply company,this paper made this region rural distribution network planning.

  20. Web-based collaboration in individual care planning challenges the user and the provider roles – toward a power transition in caring relationships

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bjerkan J

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Jorunn Bjerkan,1,2 Solfrid Vatne,3 Anne Hollingen4 1Norwegian Research Centre for Electronic Health Records (EHR, Medical Faculty, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, 2Faculty of Health Science, Nord-Trøndelag University College, Levanger, 3Faculty of Health Science, Molde University College, 4Møre og Romsdal Hospital Trust, Molde, Norway Background and objective: The Individual Care Plan (ICP was introduced in Norway to meet new statutory requirements for user participation in health care planning, incorporating multidisciplinary and cross-sector collaboration. A web-based solution (electronic ICP [e-ICP] was used to support the planning and documentation. The aim of this study was to investigate how web-based collaboration challenged user and professional roles. Methods: Data were obtained from 15 semistructured interviews with users and eight with care professionals, and from two focus-group interviews with eight care professionals in total. The data were analyzed using systematic text condensation in a stepwise analysis model. Results: Users and care professionals took either a proactive or a reluctant role in e-ICP collaboration. Where both user and care professionals were proactive, the pairing helped to ensure that the planning worked well; so did pairings of proactive care professionals and reluctant users. Proactive users paired with reluctant care professionals also made care planning work, thanks to the availability of information and the users' own capacity or willingness to conduct the planning. Where both parties were reluctant, no planning activities occurred. Conclusion: Use of the e-ICP challenged the user–professional relationship. In some cases, a power transition took place in the care process, which led to patient empowerment. This knowledge might be used to develop a new understanding of how role function can be challenged when users and care professionals have equal access to health care

  1. Evaluation of Carrying Capacity : Measure 7.1A of the Northwest Power Planning Council`s 1994 Fish and Wildlife Program : Report 1 of 4, Final Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neitzel, Duane A.; Johnson, Gary E.

    1996-05-01

    This report is one of four that the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) staff prepared to address Measure 7.1A in the Northwest Power Planning Council's (Council) Fish and Wildlife Program (Program) dated december 1994 (NPPC 1994). Measure 7.1A calls for the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) to fund an evaluation of salmon survival, ecology, carrying capacity, and limiting factors in freshwater, estuarine, and marine habitats. Additionally, the Measure asks for development of a study plan based on critical uncertainties and research needs identified during the evaluation. This report deals with the evaluation of carrying capacity. It describes the analysis of different views of capacity as it relates to salmon survival and abundance. The report ends with conclusions and recommendations for studying carrying capacity.

  2. Energy and environmental studies associated to the emergency plan of natural gas thermal power plants; Estudos energeticos e ambientais associados ao plano emergencial de termeletricas a gas natural

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferreira, Vinicius V.M.; Grynberg, Sueli E.; Aronne, Ivan D.; Jacomino, Vanusa M.F.; Branco, Otavio E.A. [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Martinez, Carlos B.; Versiani, Bruno R. [Minas Gerais Univ., Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia Hidraulica e Recursos Hidricos. Centro de Pesquisas Hidraulicas

    2002-07-01

    This work presents a first exertion to evaluate the environmental impacts due to the operation of planned gas power plants. This study was carried out with the model EcoSense, that is a computer program developed for the quantification of environmental impacts and their external costs resulting from the operation of thermal power plants or other industrial activities. EcoSense is still in development and the achieved results should still be considered with caution although it becomes clear the potentiality of the use of this tool in the support of the decision making process in energy planning. Based on the method of approach of the damage function established in the ExternE project this program provides models for an integrated evaluation of the impact rate from the air pollutants resulting from burning fossil fuel, which are transported by the air. (author)

  3. Evaluation of carrying capacity: Measure 7.1A of the Northwest Power Planning Council's 1994 Fish and Wildlife Program. Report 1 of 4, Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report is one of four that the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) staff prepared to address Measure 7.1A in the Northwest Power Planning Council's (Council) Fish and Wildlife Program (Program) dated december 1994 (NPPC 1994). Measure 7.1A calls for the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) to fund an evaluation of salmon survival, ecology, carrying capacity, and limiting factors in freshwater, estuarine, and marine habitats. Additionally, the Measure asks for development of a study plan based on critical uncertainties and research needs identified during the evaluation. This report deals with the evaluation of carrying capacity. It describes the analysis of different views of capacity as it relates to salmon survival and abundance. The report ends with conclusions and recommendations for studying carrying capacity

  4. Innovation of Human Resources Planning of Modern Power Enterprise%浅谈现代电力企业人力资源规划创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭晓军

    2012-01-01

    人力资源规划是人力资源管理的重要组成部分,是企业发展战略的直接体现.人力资源规划可以为企业长远发展贡献一份力量.本文通过介绍电力企业中人力资源规划的特点、现状,以及所面临的问题,分析了提高电力企业人力资源规划科学性的相关措施.%Human resource planning is an important part of the human resource management, and directly reflects enterprise development strategy. Human resources planning contributes for the long development of the enterprise. This paper introduced characteristics, the current situation and the problems in the human resource planning of electric power enterprise, and analyzed the related measures to improve the scientific human resources planning of electric power enterprise.

  5. An radiotoxicity evaluation of high level wastes for a scenery of Brazilian Nuclear Power Plants in accordance with the Energy Expansion Brazilian Plan 2030

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper is a part of the author scientific initiation, and makes an evaluation of the radiotoxicity which would be produced by the Brazilian nuclear power plants in a scenery of 7 power plants operating in 2030, in according to the official expansion plans which point out the additional introduction of 4000 MW(e), or 4 ne power plant additionally to the Angra I, II and III. Considering that all reactors would be a PWR reactors. The calculated parameter was the relative toxicity of the low and intermediate level nuclear wastes (LLPP - long lived fission products and HLW - high level waste related to the radiotoxicity of natural uranium versus time. All the calculation used the ORIGEN-S code. (author)

  6. Wind power installations in Switzerland - Regional planning basics and impact; Windkraftanlagen in der Schweiz - Raumplanerische Grundlagen und Auswirkungen - Grundlagenbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ott, W.; Kaufmann, Y.; Steiner, P. [Econcept AG, Zuerich (Switzerland); Gilgen, K.; Sartoris, A. [IRAP-HSR, Institut fuer Raumentwicklung an der Hochschule fuer Technik Rapperswil, Rapperswil (Switzerland)

    2008-07-01

    This report published by the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) takes a look at the basics of regional planning and its impact on the construction of wind-energy installations in Switzerland. The authors state that the planning and realisation of wind turbine installations is often time and resource consuming: this document presents and discusses the results obtained in a project that aimed to supply consolidated knowledge on project-relevant basics and their effect with respect to wind-energy installations. Experience gained in Switzerland and in other countries is discussed. This report on the basics of wind-energy planning with its detailed information formed the basis of a checklist described in a further report. In nine chapters, regional planning aspects, environment and landscape-relevant aspects, effects on the national and regional economies and social acceptance factors are discussed. Also, success-factors and possible solutions for the successful realisation of wind-energy projects are looked at.

  7. ETV/ESTCP Demonstration Plan - Demonstration and Verification of a Turbine Power Generation System Utilizing Renewable Fuel: Landfill Gas

    Science.gov (United States)

    This Test and Quality Assurance Plan (TQAP) provides data quality objections for the success factors that were validated during this demonstration include energy production, emissions and emission reductions compared to alternative systems, economics, and operability, including r...

  8. Pluri-annual planning of power generation investments. 2005-2015 era; Programmation pluriannuelle des investissements de production electrique. Periode 2005-2015

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    The pluri-annual planning of power generation investments (PPI) is provided by article 6 of the law from February 10, 2000 relative to the modernization and development of the electric utility. The PPI is the concrete translation of the energy policy and aims to identify the necessary investments with respect to the security of power supplies and beyond the already known commitments. In the framework of market deregulation and respect of competition, the PPI is limited to the identification of such investments but not to their realization. This document, which corresponds to the 2005 exercise, is the second report to the Parliament. It stresses on the following points: the mastery of power demand and the demand scenarios, the level of accepted risk, the carrying out of the development of renewable energy sources (5 GW by 2010 and 12.5 GW by 2016 for wind power, and 6 TWh more for biomass by 2016), the start-up of an EPR reactor in 2012, the investment needs for classical thermal power plants (+2.6 GW of diesel fuel power plants and +500 MW of combustion turbines as decided by EdF), the development of production means in 2 regions with specific needs: Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur and Bretagne (Brittany), and also in insular areas (Corsica and overseas territories), and the reflexions to carry on in continuation of the PPI. (J.S.)

  9. Assessment of projected temperature impacts from climate change on the U.S. electric power sector using the Integrated Planning Model®

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study analyzes the potential impacts of changes in temperature due to climate change on the U.S. power sector, measuring the energy, environmental, and economic impacts of power system changes due to temperature changes under two emissions trajectories—with and without emissions mitigation. It estimates the impact of temperature change on heating and cooling degree days, electricity demand, and generating unit output and efficiency. These effects are then integrated into a dispatch and capacity planning model to estimate impacts on investment decisions, emissions, system costs, and power prices for 32 U.S. regions. Without mitigation actions, total annual electricity production costs in 2050 are projected to increase 14% ($51 billion) because of greater cooling demand as compared to a control scenario without future temperature changes. For a scenario with global emissions mitigation, including a reduction in U.S. power sector emissions of 36% below 2005 levels in 2050, the increase in total annual electricity production costs is approximately the same as the increase in system costs to satisfy the increased demand associated with unmitigated rising temperatures. - Highlights: • We model the impact of rising temperatures on the U.S. power sector. • We examine temperature and mitigation impacts on demand, supply, and investment. • Higher temperatures increase power system costs by about $50 billion by the year 2050. • Meeting demand from higher temperatures costs slightly more than reducing emissions. • Mitigation policy cost analyses should account for temperature impacts

  10. Usage Driven Design of Power System and Multi-criteria Route Planning for Eco-Urban Electric Cars

    OpenAIRE

    Sedef, Kanber

    2015-01-01

    Eco-urban electric cars (EC) are superior to conventional cars in terms of the operation cost and carbon footprint. However, the performance of EC in terms of their maximum speed and power, initial and maintenance cost and reliability in the available power is lower than conventional cars. The reliability in available energy can be viewed as the main concerns when comparing EC to conventional cars. Reliability in available energy is highly dependent upon the efficiency of the power system as ...

  11. 低热值煤发电专项规划编制方法研究%Special Plan Compilation Method for Low Calorific Value Coal Power Generation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡槐生; 徐志; 陶应东; 汪海

    2012-01-01

    Combined with the special plan compilation of low calorific value coal power generation project in Anhui Province,this paper probes into the demanded policy background,practical conditions and compilation principles for initiating the special plan.Then it summarizes how to conduct quality management using "Three-Stage Control Theory" and how to execute organizational management using "Functional Organizational Form",with a view to providing a reference for similar special planning or preliminary work of low calorific value coal power generation projects.%结合安徽省低热值煤发电专项规划的编制,研究探讨了如何确立专项规划立项所需的政策背景、现实条件以及编制原则,同时总结了如何利用"三阶段控制理论"进行质量管理及利用"职能式组织形式"进行组织管理,以期为类似专项规划的编制及低热值煤发电项目前期工作提供参考价值。

  12. 新形势下供电物资全面计划管理探讨%Discussion on Power Supply Material Comprehensive Plan Management under New Situation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张群

    2014-01-01

    供电物资计划管理必须遵循国家电网公司“三集五大”体系建设要求,紧密围绕物资集约化管理这条主线,以计划管理为龙头,以规范准确、及时高效、集中平衡为原则,以标准化、信息化为基础支撑,有效推进物资计划管理水平不断提升。面对当前物资集约化管理的新变化对物资计划管理提出的新要求以及带来的新的压力和新的挑战,地市供电公司必须正确理解物资计划管理的重要性,认真分析当前物资管理工作的任务、面临的形势和存在的突出问题,提高认识,转变观念,对如何在新形势下深入推进物资计划管理工作提出改进措施和对策,确保物资计划管理的准确性、及时性和全面性。%Power supply material plan management must follow the ″three intensive management and five large scale″system construction requirement of the State Grid Corporation of China, be closely around the main line of the material intensive management, take the plan management as the guide, take the regula-tion, accuracy, timeliness, efficiency, concentration and balance as the principle, based on standardiza-tion and information, to promote material plan management level effectively. Facing the new pressures and new challenges for material plan management brought by the current new change of the material in-tensive management, power supply enterprises must correctly understand the importance of material plan management, carefully analyze the current task, the situation they face and the existing problems of the material management work, raise awareness, change ideas, put forward improvement measures and coun-termeasures on how to promote material plan management work under the new situation, to ensure the accuracy, timeliness and completeness of material plan management.

  13. 汽车电站自主开发策划理论研究%The Theory Research of Automobile Power Station Independent Development Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜遥

    2014-01-01

    From the importance of independent product development in the market competition of the automo -bile power station , analysis of new product development planning theory present situation and demand , put forward from the market research , demand transformation , comprehensive evaluation three aspects to build automobile pow-er station development planning framework of theoretical system , market research , demand analysis , the conceptual design of the conversion system of the importance of , has the guiding sense to the independent development of new products of automobile power station .%从产品自主开发在市场竞争中的重要性入手,分析了汽车电站新产品开发策划理论现状和需求,提出了从市场研究、需求转换、综合评价三方面来搭建汽车电站自主开发策划理论体系架构,分析市场研究、需求转换、概念设计对该体系的重要性。对汽车电站新产品的自主开发具有指导意义。

  14. Mexico's Regulatory Engagement in Bulk Electric Power System Planning: An Overview of U.S. Practices and Tools

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    O' Neill, Barbara [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Hurlbut, David [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Pena, Ivonne [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Gagne, Douglas [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Cook, Jeff [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Bracho, Ricardo [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2016-06-01

    Mexico's transition to a modern wholesale power market will place new demands on how regulators evaluate and approve transmission expansion projects. Transmission projects in a modern wholesale market fulfill one of several needs, and utilities, regional transmission organizations, and regulatory authorities in the United States have encountered comparable challenges in their market transitions to ensure projects meeting each type of need can be built. The purpose of this report is to open a window to view that experience. The report examines key practices of different U.S. jurisdictions that have moved from transmission planning to transmission approval, and it focuses on the role of the regulator in supporting a planning process that equitably meets identified needs.

  15. Chances for autonomous photovoltaic power systems in the Netherlands. Summary of the market introduction plan for autonomous PV systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There is a large potential for effective and commercially attractive autonomous photovoltaic systems in the Netherlands. The Dutch government wants to stimulate an accelerated growth to realize 2 MWp per year in the year 2000. A market introduction plan for autonomous PV systems is summarized to give energy distribution companies in the Netherlands insight into the possibilities of such systems within the framework of the third round of Environmental Action Plans of the energy distribution companies. The summary includes a list of reference projects and a list of addresses of suppliers and end consumers

  16. Beyond defense-in-depth: cost and funding of state and local government radiological emergency response plans and preparedness in support of commercial nuclear power stations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Inadequate, sporadic, uncertain and frustrating are words local, state and Federal officials use to describe the current hodgepodge funding approach to State and local government radiological emergency response plans and preparedeness in support of commercial nuclear power stations. The creation of a Radiological Emergency Response Plans and Preparedness Fund for State and Local Government is offered as a preferred solution. Monies for the Fund could be derived from a one time Fee of $1 million levied on the operator of each nuclear power station. Every five years, adjustments could be made in the Fee to assure full recovery of costs because of inflation, revised criteria and other cost related factors. Any surplus would be refunded to the utilities. Any state that has obtained NRC concurrence or is in the process could be reimbursed for previous expenditures up to two years prior to NRC concurrence. Concurrence in all state and local government plans is the objective of the funding program. The Fund should be administered by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The report also discusses actions by Federal and state agencies and points to long range considerations, such as a training institute, including transportation and non-commercial and other fixed nuclear facilities, where preparedness could be enhanced by a coherent funding mechanism. All recommendations are based on an inquiry by the Office of state Programs, NRC, into the historical and future costs and funding of radiological emergency response plans and preparedness at the state and local government levels and are derived from discussions with many local, State and Federal officials

  17. Report to the parliament. Pluri-annual planning of power production investments; Rapport au parlement. Programmation pluriannuelle des investissements de production electrique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-01-01

    The article 6 of the law from February 10, 2000, relative to the modernization and development of the electric utility, schedules a pluri-annual planning of the production investments (PPI) which represents a concrete translation of the energy policy in the domain of electricity. The PPI will allow to reach the energy policy goals using a balanced development of the national production means in terms of primary energy sources, techniques of production and geographical distribution of investments. This document is the first PPI report to the parliament. It is based on the scheme of energy collective services and on a provisional status made by the manager of the transportation network (RTE). In 2010, renewable energies should cover 21% of the French electricity needs. This ratio will be reached mainly thanks to the development of wind power (7000 to 14000 MW of installed power, which represents 20 to 35 TWh of additional production). Hydro-power should be increased of 8 TWh max, depending on the public policies implemented, and biomass will have a significant contribution too. On the other hand, actions of mastery of the electricity demand will have to be implemented. From 2008 onward, the decommissioning of several power plants will impose to find new solutions to satisfy the peak power needs. The covering of consumption peaks requires a correlation study of the power peaks at the European scale. Finally, the situation of non-interconnected areas and of areas with fragile supply has been carefully considered. The creation of new power production means must be envisaged in most of these areas. (J.S.)

  18. Flight route Designing and mission planning Of power line inspecting system Based On multi-sensor UAV

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to obtain various information of power facilities such as spatial location, geometry, images data and video information in the infrared and ultraviolet band and so on, Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) power line inspecting system needs to integrate a variety of sensors for data collection. Low altitude and side-looking imaging are required for UAV flight to ensure sensors to acquire high-quality data and device security. In this paper, UAV power line inspecting system is deferent from existing ones that used in Surveying and Mapping. According to characteristics of UAV for example equipped multiple sensor, side-looking imaging, working at low altitude, complex terrain conditions and corridor type flight, this paper puts forward a UAV power line inspecting scheme which comprehensively considered of the UAV performance, sensor parameters and task requirements. The scheme is finally tested in a region of Guangdong province, and the preliminary results show that the scheme is feasible

  19. Geothermal power plants of New Zealand, Philippines, and Indonesia: a technical survey of existing and planned installations. Report No. CATMET/17

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    DiPippo, R.

    1978-06-01

    This report is the fourth in a series dealing with the geothermal power plants of the world. Here the existing and planned stations in the south Pacific area are surveyed including New Zealand, the Philippines and Indonesia. Details are given for the plants at Wairakei and Kawerau, and for the one proposed at Broadlands in New Zealand; for the plants proposed for Tiwi and Los Banos, and the wellhead units operating at Los Banos and Tongonan in the Philippines; and for the wellhead unit soon to be installed at Kawah Kamojang on Java in Indonesia. The geologic characteristics of the fields are described along with wellflow particulars, energy conversion systems, environmental impacts, economic factors and operating experiences, where available. The geothermal resource utilization efficiency is computed or estimated for the power plants covered. Furthermore, some discussion is devoted to the other sites which may prove exploitable for the production of electricity.

  20. Inspection planning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Slovenian Nuclear Safety Administration (SNSA) division of nuclear and radiological safety inspection has developed systematic approach to their inspections. To be efficient in their efforts regarding regular and other types of inspections, in past years, the inspection plan has been developed. It is yearly based and organized on a such systematic way, that all areas of nuclear safety important activities of the licensee are covered. The inspection plan assures appropriate preparation for conducting the inspections, allows the overview of the progress regarding the areas to be covered during the year. Depending on the licensee activities and nature of facility (nuclear power plant, research reactor, radioactive waste storage, others), the plan has different levels of intensity of inspections and also their frequency. One of the basic approaches of the plan is to cover all nuclear and radiological important activities on such way, that all regulatory requests are fulfilled. In addition, the inspection plan is a good tool to improve inspection effectiveness based on previous experience and allows to have the oversight of the current status of fulfillment of planned inspections. Future improvement of the plan is necessary in the light of newest achievements on this field in the nuclear world, that means, new types of inspections are planned and will be incorporated into plan in next year.(author)

  1. GRIPS Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-07-31

    The GRIPS (Geothermal Resources Impact Projection Study) Commission was established by a Joint Powers Agreement between the California Counties of Lake, Mendocino, Napa, and Sonoma. The objectives of GRIPS are primarily to develop and use a cooperative environmental data collection and use system including natural, social, and economic considerations to facilitate their independent decisions and those of State and Federal agencies related to the environmental effects of geothermal development. This GRIPS Plan was prepared from a wide range of studies, workshops, and staff analyses. The plan is presented in four parts: summary and introduction; environmental data status report; planned programs; and budget. (MHR)

  2. [Power of personal goal sharing--treatment plan using personal goal maps for patients with mental disorders].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Yueren

    2011-01-01

    A female patient in her sixties with schizophrenia had secretly disposed of all her medication and was not cooperating with hospital staff for about four months. During one of our consultations she mentioned that she wanted to be out of hospital by a certain date. That date happened to be her grandchild's birthday. It was at this point that she shared her goals with us, and voluntarily started having treatment. She was able to return home three months later, just in time to celebrate her grandchild's birthday with her family. A male patient in his sixties was able to leave the seclusion room after 10 years. The first doctor in charge and other hospital staff had firmly believed that releasing him from the seclusion room wasn't a possibility. However the patient decided he wanted to be discharged and was interested in finding out how to go about it. The moment he realized it was possible, his outlook changed immensely. He gradually started to open up and communicate better with his new doctor in charge, and was able to work towards his newly found goals. Staff members were also surprised when he was able to leave the seclusion room. They realized this patient was another person like them who had dreams and goals, and stopped stereotyping patients who seemed to be 'difficult to handle'. I have always experienced the power of goal sharing at clinical scenes, and have noticed its importance for patients making a start on the road to recovery. In order to discuss goals and the way to go about achieving them, I use a simple drawing of a mountain. I call this mountain 'A Personal Goal Map'. I like to think of myself (the doctor) as the mountain guide, and my patient as the mountain climber. The three key philosophies are acknowledging individuality, diversity and freedom. These are important when we think about where we are now, where we are going, and where we want to be. Firstly at the start point, we need to define the patient's problem and discuss ideas and goals

  3. [Power of personal goal sharing--treatment plan using personal goal maps for patients with mental disorders].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Yueren

    2011-01-01

    A female patient in her sixties with schizophrenia had secretly disposed of all her medication and was not cooperating with hospital staff for about four months. During one of our consultations she mentioned that she wanted to be out of hospital by a certain date. That date happened to be her grandchild's birthday. It was at this point that she shared her goals with us, and voluntarily started having treatment. She was able to return home three months later, just in time to celebrate her grandchild's birthday with her family. A male patient in his sixties was able to leave the seclusion room after 10 years. The first doctor in charge and other hospital staff had firmly believed that releasing him from the seclusion room wasn't a possibility. However the patient decided he wanted to be discharged and was interested in finding out how to go about it. The moment he realized it was possible, his outlook changed immensely. He gradually started to open up and communicate better with his new doctor in charge, and was able to work towards his newly found goals. Staff members were also surprised when he was able to leave the seclusion room. They realized this patient was another person like them who had dreams and goals, and stopped stereotyping patients who seemed to be 'difficult to handle'. I have always experienced the power of goal sharing at clinical scenes, and have noticed its importance for patients making a start on the road to recovery. In order to discuss goals and the way to go about achieving them, I use a simple drawing of a mountain. I call this mountain 'A Personal Goal Map'. I like to think of myself (the doctor) as the mountain guide, and my patient as the mountain climber. The three key philosophies are acknowledging individuality, diversity and freedom. These are important when we think about where we are now, where we are going, and where we want to be. Firstly at the start point, we need to define the patient's problem and discuss ideas and goals

  4. 计及线路路径优化的空间电网规划%Spatial Power Network Planning Considering Electric Line Route Optimization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒隽; 韩冰; 陈学姣

    2014-01-01

    It is difficult to precisely take complex paths and environmental costs into account in traditional power network planning methods. This paper presented a spatial power network planning model considering electric line routing and substation location based on rasterized three-dimension map. The objective function in the proposed model was to minimize the investment and operation cost of the power network while subject to a list of constraints to ensure the security of power system and the feasibility of electric line route. It is a mixed integer, non-linear, non-convex optimization problem, which is complex and computationally demanding. In view of this, this paper proposed a bi-level structure in which the master problem was traditional power network planning considering substation location to be solved by genetic algorithm, while the sub problems were route optimizations for candidate lines to be solved by dynamic programming. Meanwhile, a memory structure was introduced in genetic algorithm to improve the computational efficiency. Numerical case studies utilizing IEEE Graver-6 system, IEEE 118-bus system and a real power system illustrated the effectiveness of the proposed approach for the spatial power network planning problem.%针对传统电网规划方法难于有效计及复杂路径及环境成本的问题,基于栅格化三维地图,以设备投资成本和运行费用综合最小为目标函数,考虑传统电网规划约束和线路路径优化约束,建立了考虑路径优化和变电站选址的空间电网规划模型。该模型是一个复杂的混合整数非线性规划模型,将其分解为考虑变电站选址的电网规划上层问题和线路路径优化下层问题,并提出适合求解该模型的遗传算法和动态规划法相结合的混合优化算法,该混合优化算法在采用遗传算法解决网架结构优化和变电站选址优化的同时,将动态规划法嵌入到遗传算法中,求

  5. Space Solar Power Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arif, H.; Barbosa, H.; Bardet, C.; Baroud, M.; Behar, A.; Berrier, K.; Berthe, P.; Bertrand, R.; Bibyk, I.; Bisson, J.; Bloch, L.; Bobadilla, G.; Bourque, D.; Bush, L.; Carandang, R.; Chiku, T.; Crosby, N.; De Seixas, M.; De Vries, J.; Doll, S.; Dufour, F.; Eckart, P.; Fahey, M.; Fenot, F.; Foeckersperger, S.; Fontaine, J.E.; Fowler, R.; Frey, H.; Fujio, H.; Gasa, J.M.; Gleave, J.; Godoe, J.; Green, I.; Haeberli, R.; Hanada, T.; Ha

    1992-08-01

    Information pertaining to the Space Solar Power Program is presented on energy analysis; markets; overall development plan; organizational plan; environmental and safety issues; power systems; space transportation; space manufacturing, construction, operations; design examples; and finance.

  6. Low-Carbon Generation Expansion Planning Model Incorporating Carbon Capture Power Plant%含碳捕集电厂的低碳电源规划模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季震; 陈启鑫; 张宁; 李晖; 黄俊辉; 康重庆

    2013-01-01

    In the context of low-carbon economy, introducing various low-carbon factors will bring profound changes to both connotation and pattern of traditional generation expansion planning (GEP). Meanwhile the carbon capture power plant (CCPP) and carbon capture ready power plant (CCR) will be important options for GEP in the future. Incorporating low-carbon factors into GEP model and giving full consideration to the demands on secure and economic operation of traditional power grid, a low-carbon GEP model containing CCPP, in which different configuration options and development route of carbon capture technology are taken into serious consideration in the planning level, is established to implement the modeling of carbon capture and carbon capture ready technologies. In essence, the proposed low carbon GEP is a unified coordinated planning model, in which the investment decision-making and operation simulation in the planning are considered coordinately. Finally, effectiveness and validity of the proposed model and method are demonstrated by numerical case based on actual operating data of one province in China.%在发展低碳经济的时代背景下,各类低碳要素的引入将对传统电源规划的内涵与模式带来深刻的变化。与此同时,碳捕集电厂和碳捕集预留电厂将成为未来电源规划的重要选项。将低碳要素引入电源规划决策之中,在充分考虑传统电力系统安全、经济运行要求的前提下,建立了含碳捕集电厂的低碳电源规划模型,重点在规划层面考虑了碳捕集技术的不同配置选项和发展路线,实现对碳捕集和碳捕集预留技术的建模。所提出的低碳电源规划模型本质上是一个统一协调的规划模型,统一考虑了规划中的投资决策问题与运行模拟问题。最后,以我国某省的实际数据构造算例,验证了所提出的模型与方法的合理性与有效性。

  7. 核电站水下机器人路径规划仿真%Simulation of Path Planning for Underwater Robot Of Nuclear Power Plant

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱雅乔

    2015-01-01

    针对核电站水下机器人在核环境中的任务要求,采用启发式搜索和分块遍历算法,分别研究了机器人的点对点全局路径规划以及完全覆盖路径规划,并应用LabVIEW Robotics、RobotBasic对机器人规划进行了仿真与分析.从仿真结果可知,算法可以有效提高作业效率,为机器人完成作业任务打下了基础.%According to the mission requirements of the underwater robots in nuclear power plants in the nuclear environment , this paper researches the point-to-point global path planning of mobile body and global complete coverage path planning with heuristic search and block coverage Algorithm. The simulation and analysis of robot's path planning are carried on with applying LabVIEW Robotics, RobotBasic softwares. The result of the simulation analysis shows that Algorithm can improve operational efficiency, which makes the foundation for robot to finish its tasks.

  8. Simulating stakeholder behavior in a marine setting: Integrated coastal zone planning and the influential power of selected stakeholders in Frøya, Norway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel Gjelsvik Tiller

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Aquaculture expansion is a political priority in Norway, despite simmering conflicts and competing claims. We expand on this hypothesis and analyze the Norwegian governance system by adding stakeholder theory in case of a simulated model of the effects of municipal coastal zone planning in the municipality of Frøya, Norway. One cannot analyze the governance system in Norway without fully comprehending the perspectives of the stakeholders involved. Different stakeholders will react and respond differently and have conflicting presumptions basing their actions towards the planning process for coastal areas. They will also have different levels of power and abilities to influence the system. The article presents the interdisciplinary, first generation development of an agent based simulation model that mimics the outcomes of coastal zone planning for a stakeholder groups, the commercial fishers and the aquaculture industry, based on qualitative input from legislation, regulations and stakeholder workshops. We proceed with verifying the applicability of this simulator in light of the key actors involved, namely the commercial fishers. We found that the simulator had two outcomes for the commercial fishers that were consistently recurring, namely collapse and stability, based on the simulated occurrences of complaints by the stakeholders, with the latter being the de facto perceptions of actuality by the commercial fishers. Using stakeholder theory, we argue that the aquaculture industry’s role has the saliency of an Important Stakeholder in Frøya has steered the commercial fishers, who has the role of Dependent Stakeholders according to stakeholder theory, to no longer see any legitimacy in the process in that their complaints were never upheld because of their lack of the attribute Power.

  9. Renewable Power Planning Considering Carbon Emission Reduction Benefits%考虑碳减排效益的可再生电源规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段建民; 王志新; 王承民; 周勤勇; 韩家辉

    2015-01-01

    Rapid expansion of renewable energy sources such as wind power generation and photovoltaic (PV) generation brings significant impacts on power system planning, and to cope with it the carbon emission reduction benefits from renewable energy sources should be led into generation expansion planning. Firstly, the carbon emission intensities of wind power generation, PV generation, hydropower generation and thermal generation are presented, and based on the processing cost for unit mass of CO2 the carbon emission processing costs of various kinds of power generations can be obtained. On this basis, considering the intermittence and fluctuation of wind power generation and PV generation, under the premise of ensuing the balance of electric power and energy and taking the minimum power generation and operation cost and the minimum processing cost for CO2emission as objectives, a generation expansion planning model, in which the carbon emission reduction benefits are taken into account, is built. Finally, a study case, which combines IEEE 30-bus test system with actual output curves of wind power generation and PV generation as well as the load data in a certain region in China, is constructed and solved by ant colony algorithm, and the simulation results show that the proposed model and method are reasonable and effective.%针对风电、光伏等可再生能源的快速发展,给电力系统规划带来的显著影响,将各种能源发电的碳减排效益引入电源规划之中。首先介绍了风、光、水、火等各种发电形式的碳排放强度,结合单位 CO2处理成本,得到各种电源的碳处理成本。在此基础上考虑风电、光伏出力的间歇性、波动性,在保证电力电量平衡的前提下,以发电运行成本、CO2处理成本最小为电源规划的目标函数,建立考虑碳减排效益的电源规划模型。最后,以IEEE 30节点测试系统结合我国某地区实际数据构造算例,应用蚁群算法

  10. Renewable Power Planning Considering Carbon Emission Reduction Benefits%考虑碳减排效益的可再生电源规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段建民; 王志新; 王承民; 周勤勇; 韩家辉

    2015-01-01

    针对风电、光伏等可再生能源的快速发展,给电力系统规划带来的显著影响,将各种能源发电的碳减排效益引入电源规划之中。首先介绍了风、光、水、火等各种发电形式的碳排放强度,结合单位 CO2处理成本,得到各种电源的碳处理成本。在此基础上考虑风电、光伏出力的间歇性、波动性,在保证电力电量平衡的前提下,以发电运行成本、CO2处理成本最小为电源规划的目标函数,建立考虑碳减排效益的电源规划模型。最后,以IEEE 30节点测试系统结合我国某地区实际数据构造算例,应用蚁群算法求解,给出了不同工况下的规划结果,验证了所提出的模型与方法的合理性与有效性。%Rapid expansion of renewable energy sources such as wind power generation and photovoltaic (PV) generation brings significant impacts on power system planning, and to cope with it the carbon emission reduction benefits from renewable energy sources should be led into generation expansion planning. Firstly, the carbon emission intensities of wind power generation, PV generation, hydropower generation and thermal generation are presented, and based on the processing cost for unit mass of CO2 the carbon emission processing costs of various kinds of power generations can be obtained. On this basis, considering the intermittence and fluctuation of wind power generation and PV generation, under the premise of ensuing the balance of electric power and energy and taking the minimum power generation and operation cost and the minimum processing cost for CO2emission as objectives, a generation expansion planning model, in which the carbon emission reduction benefits are taken into account, is built. Finally, a study case, which combines IEEE 30-bus test system with actual output curves of wind power generation and PV generation as well as the load data in a certain region in China, is constructed and solved by ant

  11. Risk Informed Support of Decision Making in Nuclear Power Plant Emergency Zoning - Generic Framework towards Harmonising NPP Emergency Planning Practices

    OpenAIRE

    KUBANYI JOZEF; BOLADO LAVIN RICARDO; SERBANESCU DAN; TOTH BELA; WILKENING HEINZ

    2008-01-01

    The report provides a systematic overview of the essential aspects of risk informed support of decision making (RIDM) in nuclear power plant (NPP) emergency zoning (EZ) as a contribution to harmonising strategic practices in the area. Owing to the state-of-the-art understanding and increased characterisation of NPP severe accidents, overall management of them should be analysed as an integrated complex process. The interrelationship of NPP emergency operating procedures, safety and risk asses...

  12. Preservation and enhancement of nuclear knowledge towards Indonesia's plan to operate first nuclear power plant by 2016

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Indonesia will need a nuclear power plant (NPP) to overcome the lack of power supply due to increasing consumption of electricity while the traditional power supply, including crude oil, has been decreasing. The recent study under IAEA technical co-operation project titled 'Comprehensive Assessment on Different Energy Sources for Electricity Generation in Indonesia' showed that an energy mixed scenarios has to be applied in Indonesia in order to reduce amount of oil used for transportation and electricity generation. The medium to large scale of NPP would be techno-economically feasible to be operated in 2015-2016 for Java Island. In the past, efforts to launch nuclear power programme based mainly on economic justification have failed for various reasons; ones of the most important reasons were due to the lack of public support because of repeated accident on NPP. As a government owned institute having the task of promoting peaceful utilization of nuclear science and technology as well as doing research and development, the National Nuclear Energy Agency (BATAN) has to initiate the endeavor to launch the utilization of nuclear energy and prepare human resources to support construction, operation and maintenance of the future NPP in Indonesia. Meanwhile the BATAN nuclear workforce is aging because of more and more nuclear workers are approaching retirement age, without a corresponding influx of appropriately qualified younger personnel to replace them. This situation happens due to zero growth policy in government employment or more precisely negative growth policy on BATAN employment. This paper outlines the important of the establishment and maintenance of a formal human resources policy and nuclear knowledge management strategies to ensure that an organization maintains adequate numbers of competent and motivated personnel, and the availability of essential technical information for research and development in reactor technology, nuclear fuel cycle, nuclear

  13. Cost-based Optimal Distributed Generation Planning with Considering Voltage Depended Loads and Power Factor of Distributed Generation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babak Yousefi-Khangah

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available If determination of location and size of Distributed Generation (DG are applied accurately, the DG’s ability will improve the network situation and reduce operation costs. In this paper, various market conditions are considered to maximize the benefit of DG’s presence and make a trade off among advantages of DG, network situation, and Distribution Company (DISCO owners. To determine the optimal location and size of DG, two methods of the cost minimization and the nodal pricing are combined. In addition to evaluating the impact of parameters such as variation of energy price and load on objective function, effect of these parameters on location and size of DG is considered. To confirm the results, impact of loads which are dependent on voltage and variation of the power factor of the DG units is applied and then effect of power factor on optimal location and size of DG is shown. A method is proposed for convergence of different results which is caused by different power factors. To observe long-term impact of the DG’s presence in the network, a load growth for five years is considered annually. Study is carried out on IEEE30 bus test circuit.

  14. Optimal production planning of wind and thermal power plants with respect to constraints on transmission line and taking into account the uncertainty of wind

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Taimori fard

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Diversity and multiplicity of factors affecting the exploitation from power systems, makes completely impossible to solve this problem. Therefore, the optimal planning problem in system exploitation is decomposed into several sub-problems. One of exploitation sub-problems from power systems is economic dispatch of production on system units in order to meet the consumption needs. This is an optimization problem in real power systems, with great dimensions and multiple constraints including economic dispatch of system, transfer network restrictions, rate of increase and decrease in production, prohibited areas of operation units, spinning reserve storage of systems, loading effects of steam valves, multi-fuel production units. A suitable algorithm based on probabilistic search methods has been proposed in order to solve the proposed model effectively in the future. An experimental system with complex solution space is used in order to demonstrate the effectiveness of proposed method and new model and it is compared with some of the latest techniques for solving problem. In this paper, MATLAB software is used for above reviews.

  15. Plan 2010. Costs starting in 2012 for the radioactive residual products from nuclear power. Basis for fees and guarantees during the period 2012-2014

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2010-12-15

    According to the current regulatory framework, it is the responsibility of the holder of a licence to own or operate a nuclear power reactor to prepare a calculation of the costs for all measures that are needed for the management and disposal of spent nuclear fuel that has been used in the reactors and other radioactive waste products and to decommission and dismantle the reactor plants. The regulatory framework comprises the Act (2006:647) and the Ordinance (2008:715) on Financial Measures for the Management of Residual Products from Nuclear Activities (hereinafter referred to as the Financing Act and the Financing Ordinance, respectively). This cost calculation shall be submitted periodically to the Government or the authority designated by the Government. SKB's owners have assigned SKB the task of preparing such a cost calculation jointly for the licensees of the Swedish nuclear power plants. The present report, which is the twenty-eighth annual plan report, gives an updated compilation of these costs. As in previous years' reports, the costs are shown for two cases. The first case concerns the system as a whole, including management and disposal of radioactive operational waste plus certain waste deriving from other facilities than those belonging to SKB's owners. This case has been based on a scenario concerning reactor operation that is based on the nuclear power plant owners' current planning. The second case concerns the system with the restrictions that follow from the regulatory framework, which stipulates the time for operation of the reactors that is supposed to serve as a basis for fees. The report is divided into three parts: Chapter 1 provides background information regarding the Financing Act and SKB's calculation model. Chapter 2 provides information on the underlying calculation, which is based on current plans for reactor operation and SKB's activities. Chapter 3 presents the cost estimates required by the Financing

  16. The persuasive power of oral health promotion messages: a theory of planned behavior approach to dental checkups among young adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Christina N; Noar, Seth M; Rogers, Brandi D

    2013-01-01

    Although routine dental checkups are important for both oral and overall health, several factors influence young adults' use or nonuse of dental services. The two studies included in this report tested the theory of reasoned action (TRA), the theory of planned behavior (TPB), and an expanded TPB model in predicting young adults' routine dental checkups. Additionally, the study tested the perceived message effectiveness of TPB-based messages. Results support the use of an expanded TPB model (particularly adding satisfaction with the dentist and environmental constraints to the traditional model) for an understanding of routine dental checkup intention and behavior, and, most notably, provide support for the use of subjective norm-based messages to prompt dental checkups. This study lays the groundwork for a health communication campaign encouraging routine dental checkups among young adults. The use of targeting and tailoring to design effective oral health media campaign messages is discussed.

  17. Preservation and enhancement of nuclear knowledge towards Indonesia's plan to operate first nuclear power plant by 2016

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Nuclear power is needed to sustain economic development in the world's fourth most populous country. More than half of Indonesia's 220 million people live on the island of Java. The problem is not that Indonesia lacks resources, but that they are far from Java - much of the coal, oil, natural gas and other assets are hundreds of miles away in the northern part of the island of Sumatra. Indonesia will need a nuclear power plant (NPP) to overcome the lack of power supply due to increasing consumption of electricity while the traditional power supply, including crude oil, has been decreasing. The National Nuclear Energy Agency (Batan) has advocated the introduction of nuclear power in Indonesia as a part of a long-term national energy system. According to the landmark of Batan, the first Indonesian nuclear power plant construction would start by 2010 and the plant would be operational by 2016. Since the decision to build nuclear power plant, according to the law number 10 year 1997, has to be consulted to the Parliament, it is indeed necessary to have always excellent communication with members of Parliament, to be understood by them and has to be supported by the society at large. In the past, efforts to launch nuclear power programs based mainly on economic justification have failed for various reasons; ones of the most important reasons were due to the lack of public support. Indonesia is pushing ahead with nuclear power at a time when the commercial use of nuclear power is in decline after 40 years of expansion. It is being rejected because of escalating costs, faulty technology and continuing public concern about accidents and radioactive waste disposal. Again this mean strong, effective and credible public information, public education and public relation organization have to be established to win the heart and the mind of the public. The problem is the majority of the people in Indonesia is low educated that makes them easy to be manipulated by the

  18. Status of safety issues at licensed power plants: TMI action plan requirements, unresolved safety issues, generic safety issues

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As part of ongoing US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) efforts to ensure the quality and accountability of safety issue information, a program was established whereby an annual NUREG report would be published on the status of licensee implementation and NRC verification of safety issues in major NRC requirements areas. This information was compiled and reported in three NUREG volumes. Volume 1, published in March 1991, addressed the status of of Three Mile Island (TMI) Action Plan Requirements. Volume 2, published in May 1991, addressed the status of unresolved safety issues (USIs). Volume 3, published in June 1991, addressed the implementation and verification status of generic safety issues (GSIs). This annual NUREG report combines these volumes into a single report and provides updated information as of September 30, 1991. The data contained in these NUREG reports are a product of the NRC's Safety Issues Management System (SIMS) database, which is maintained by the Project Management Staff in the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation and by NRC regional personnel. This report is to provide a comprehensive description of the implementation and verification status of TMI Action Plan Requirements, safety issues designated as USIs, and GSIs that have been resolved and involve implementation of an action or actions by licensees. This report makes the information available to other interested parties, including the public. An additional purpose of this NUREG report is to serve as a follow-on to NUREG-0933, ''A Prioritization of Generic Safety Issues,'' which tracks safety issues up until requirements are approved for imposition at licensed plants or until the NRC issues a request for action by licensees

  19. Summary of public comments and NRC staff analysis relating to rulemaking on emergency planning for nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This NUREG provides a summary and discussions of public comments received during the expedited rulemaking to upgrade emergency preparedness around nuclear power reactor sites. The final rule was published in the Federal Register (45 FR 55402) on August 19, 1980. The information in NUREG-0684 was excerpted in the main from internal paper SECY-80-275 (June 3, 1980) which forwarded the final rule to the Commission for consideration. This document, along with NUREG-0628, NUREG/CP-0011, and the materials cited in the Final Rules, should be considered a compendium of the major issues raised in this proceeding and acted upon by the Commission

  20. Impact of the tidal power dam in the Rance estuary: geomorphological changes, hydrosedimentary processes and reconstructions plans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Susperregui, A.

    2010-12-01

    The Rance basin (France) offers potential to make a full-scale assessment of the environmental impact of a tidal power station after 50 years of operation. Consequences on biology, hydrodynamics and sedimentology were observed and nowadays, some of these changes are still acting on the natural system. The tidal dynamic was completely artificialised by the dam construction. The two main consequences are the reduction of exundation area and the extension of slack duration. Sedimentary dynamic depending on hydrodynamics conditions, changes in sediment distribution were also observed. Before the tidal power station construction, sands lined the gravel bed channel, recovered the bottom and formed beaches and banks. Coves and the upstream part of the estuary were dominated by a fine sedimentation, forming mudflats in a classical configuration slikke/schorre. Nowadays, mudflats extended to the center of the basin and all coves are occupied. The important inertia induced by the slack extension caused a slowing down on currents velocities, making easier the fine suspension deposit. The siltation is most important upstream, were the turbidity maximum was shifted, generating problems for navigation and banks access. A solution of sediment management was envisaged from 2001, by the digging of a sediments trap of 91 000 m3, near the Châtelier Lock. Sedimentation monitoring in this trap shows an intense filling over the first two years of functioning, then a slowing down leading to a complete filling from 2005. This trap also showed a beneficial interest on the sedimentation rates of the mudflats closed to it, which decreased. To understand how fine sediment is eroded and transported into this maritime area, an optical backscatter sensor was installed 1.5 km upstream of the tidal power station. During spring tides, the tidal power station functions in a “double-acting” cycle. This particular working leads to an important increase of turbidity during the artificial tidal

  1. Transportation infrastructure between nuclear power plant gates and nearest line-haul networks: Plan and procedure for data development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study is concerned with the segments of the transportation system that include possible routings over public roads and private (or public) rail links, and waterway access (within 25 miles) from the gates of typical reactor sites to proximate links of what can be termed the national through-route system. These routings are by no means uniform throughout the United States. Local roads and rail links near reactor sites may be subject to a wide variety of jurisdictions for maintenance, repair, and inspection; may or may not (at present) qualify for federal assistance under the Federal-Aid Highway and related funding programs; may or may not meet accepted construction standards for facilities expected to bear heavy loads; and, perhaps most importantly for the spent-fuel transportation program, may be subject to occasional and currently unavoidable disruptions that could seriously impair shipment schedules. The overall objectives of the study are to describe a framework for identifying the characteristics of the near-site transportation networks of all existing nuclear power plants that could give rise to important shipment scheduling and programming constraints. These characteristics cover both transportation infrastructure and existing structural and environmental limitation, and define a scope and schedule for constructing a data base for the transportation networks surrounding all nuclear power plants. 6 refs., 4 figs., 8 tabs

  2. Wind power plants. Planning procedure using the example of a system with savonius rotor; Windenergieanlagen. Planungsablauf am Beispiel einer Anlage mit Savoniusrotor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beecken, Christoph; Knull, Bjoern [bow ingenieure gmbh, Braunschweig (Germany)

    2011-05-15

    Wind energy gained in importance for electric power supply due to financial incentives for wind turbine generators (WTG) as politically favoured renewable energy source and the resulting technical further development. Building a relevant landscape element, the approvability of the structure plays a decisive role in planning and design of WTG. Another topic is the structural (and the related economical) optimisation of the plants in terms of most effective exploitation of the building material. As most of the WTG are fabricated in small batch series, certification or type testing is advantageous. Using the example of a WTG with savonius rotor, the proceeding of the structural analysis is shown including the most important load assumptions and an outlook on the required verifications. (orig.)

  3. The activities of the IAEA International Working Group on Life Management of Nuclear Power Plants (IWG-LMNPP) in 1994 and plans for 1995-1996

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of the IAEA's International Working Group on Life Management of Nuclear Power Plants (IWG-LMNPP) is to provide the Member States with information and guidance on design aspects, material selection, testing, maintenance, monitoring and mitigation of degradation related to major components with the aim to assure high availability and safe operation of NPPs. Technical documents and reports on proceedings of specialists meetings on many of these topics have been produced or are in preparation. Coordination of research aimed at understanding the phenomena which occur and the consequent degradation mechanisms is an extensive field of the IWG-LMNPP activities. Radiation embrittlement of reactor pressure vessel steels has been a major subject of concern. Thermal degradation, corrosion and fatigue are also considered to be very significant. In the monitoring field, non-destructive examination techniques and fracture mechanics are areas included in the IWG-LMNPP plans

  4. Techniques of artificial intelligence applied to the electric power expansion distribution system planning problem; Tecnicas de inteligencia artificial aplicadas ao problema de planejamento da expansao do sistema de distribuicao de energia eletrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Froes, Salete Maria

    1996-07-01

    A tool named Constrained Decision Problem (CDP), which is based on Artificial Intelligence and a specific application to Distribution System Planning is described. The CDP allows multiple objective optimization that does not, necessarily, result in a single optimal solution. First, a literature review covers published works related to Artificial Intelligence applications to Electric Power Distribution Systems, emphasizing feeder restoration and reconfiguration. Some concepts related to Artificial Intelligence are described, with particular attention to Planning and to Constrained Decision Problems. Following, an Electric Power System planning model is addressed by using the CDP tool. Some case studies illustrate the Distribution Planning model, which are compared with standard optimization models. Concluding, some comments establishing the possibilities of CDP applications are followed by a view on future developments. (author)

  5. 广东电网一体化规划信息系统研究与应用%Study and Application of Integrated Power System Planning Information System in Guangdong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李峰; 刘正超; 罗凤章; 魏炜; 徐英虎; 曲金海

    2011-01-01

    In order to solve the problems of basic data collection, management of planning and implementation, an integrated power system planning information system was developed, which can complete the business man agement of power network planning and the assistant decision-making of planning. The system consists of three components-, basic data platform (BDP), to realize the management of various kinds of basic data for planning; planning business management subsystem (PBMS), to accomplish the process management of vari ous planning businesses of the planning department; and planning decision-making support subsystem (PDSS), to offer some aided decision analysis functions required in planning and project management processes for planners. Applications and implementations in actual planning work of Guangdong Power Grid Corporation show that the proposed system can improve the level of informatization, planning management, and efficiency of power system planning work.%为解决电网规划工作中有关基础数据收资、规划工作管理和规划实施管控方面的问题,研发了一套涵盖规划业务管理和规划辅助决策功能的省地一体化电网规划信息系统.系统分为三个部分:基础数据平台,实现对各类规划基础数据的管理;规划业务管理模块,实现对各种规划业务的流程管理;规划辅助决策模块,提供规划辅助决策分析功能.在广东电网公司实施应用表明,该系统能够有效提高电网规划工作的信息化水平、管理水平和工作效率,具有较好的实用性.

  6. Study of a proposal for the insertion of operational experience as a tool for support the training plan for nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main objectives of this work are: to determine, through the operational experience analysis of Angra 1 nuclear power plant, the plant operational vulnerabilities that affect its staff training and to propose a modeling to plan a training program to address these vulnerabilities. This analysis utilizes the Angra 1 document entitled 'Ocorrencia de Relato Obrigatorio', which reports the plant event occurrences. Through this document, as well as the opinion of specialists on the most probably root causes of the reported events, the backdrop of the operational experience analysis of internal events was built. The modeling using the SAT method and has as a guideline the internal operational experience analysis. Moreover, this modeling encompasses techniques of event and second generation human reliability analysis, both specific of the nuclear area. The development of this work shows that: the internal operational experience analysis provides a realistic view of the vulnerabilities present in the plant in all areas (technical and organizational), which must be addressed to the plan of the training program and the modeling, based on realistic view of the plant, is dynamic, not linear, and is always up to date on events in the plant, its causes and consequences. (author)

  7. High power 1 MeV neutral beam system and its application plan for the international tokamak experimental reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hemsworth, R.S. [ITER Joint Central Team, Naka, Ibaraki (Japan)

    1997-03-01

    This paper describes the Neutral Beam Injection system which is presently being designed for the International Tokamak Experimental Reactor, ITER, in Europe Japan and Russia, with co-ordination by the Joint Central Team of ITER at Naka, Japan. The proposed system consists of three negative ion based neutral injectors, delivering a total of 50 MW of 1 MeV D{sup 0} to the ITER plasma for a pulse length of >1000 s. Each injectors uses a single caesiated volume arc discharge negative ion source, and a multi-grid, multi-aperture accelerator, to produce about 40 A of 1 MeV D{sup -}. This will be neutralized by collisions with D{sub 2} in a sub-divided gas neutralizer, which has a conversion efficiency of about 60%. The charged fraction of the beam emerging from the neutralizer is dumped in an electrostatic residual ion dump. A water cooled calorimeter can be moved into the beam path to intercept the neutral beam, allowing commissioning of the injector independent of ITER. ITER is scheduled to produce its first plasma at the beginning of 2008, and the planning of the R and D, construction and installation foresees the neutral injection system being available from the start of ITER operations. (author)

  8. Puget Sound Reinforcement Project : Planning for Peak Power Needs : Scoping Report, Part A, Summary of Public Comments.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1990-07-01

    This report summarizes public participation in the environmental scoping process for the Puget Sound Reinforcement Project, a Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and Puget Sound area utilities study of voltage stability in northwestern Washington state. The environmental scoping phase of the Puget Sound project consisted of a series of public meetings and a public comment period. The content of these meetings is summarized in 2.0, Public Involvement. In 3.0, Comment Summary, the report summarizes comments received via meetings, mail and phone. The report ends with a description of the next steps in the project. Chapter 4.0, describes the decision process to be used by BPA and area utilities. Chapter 5.0 describes opportunities for public participation in decisions to be made about the future reliability of Puget Sound's electricity supply.

  9. Energy and nuclear power planning study for Pakistan (covering the period 1993-2023). Report prepared by a team of experts from Pakistan with the guidance of the International Atomic Energy Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study is the first of its kind in terms of its coverage. It analyses the entire energy system of Pakistan including: the analysis of future evolution of energy and electricity demand, evaluation of future supply potential of indigenous energy resources and import possibilities, development of overall energy demand and supply balance, formulation of least cost expansion plans for the electricity generation system, environmental analysis of electricity generation and financial analysis of envisaged nuclear power development plan

  10. 家族企业权力传承的规划设计研究%A Study on the Planning of Power Succession in Family Businesses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    权英; 吴士健; 刘新民

    2011-01-01

    The power succession in a family business,including the continuation of property,reputation and social status as well as the inheritance of power from generation to generation, determines the sustainable development or even survival of a family business. With the "inheritance model" being the main trend, family businesses should make a scientific planning on issues such as the selection and training of the successors, the optimal timing of succession and the withdrawal of the old generation, etc. To promote the execution of the planning, family businesses should also build up a coordinating mechanism, pay close attention to the responses of all stakeholders and fully value the significance of the family spirit and the transmission of corporate culture based on the formality and normalization of succession planning.%家族企业权力传承既是企业所有权和控制权由上一代传递给下一代的过程,同时也是家族财产、声誉和社会地位的传递,关系到家族企业的持续发展乃至生死存亡。在“予承父业”的主流模式下,家族企业谘须对权力传承所涉及的继任者选择、继任者培养、权力交接的最优时机设计以及老一代家族企业主的退出等问题进行科学的规划设计。为推动传承规划的顺利执行,家族企业还应在确保传承规划设计的正式性和规范性的基础上,建立有利于权力传承的协调机制,密切关注各利益相关者的反应并充分考虑到家族精神和企业文化的传承的重要意义。

  11. Competency build up, sustained performance enhancement of human resource through effective man power planning, training and proper safety culture and organizational climate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Human resource competence building and continued enhancement of performance is the most vital input for safe and reliable operations of a Nuclear Power Plant. Integrated planning leading to the decision of timely selection of optimum number of fresh people and deployment of experienced manpower with desired lead time is inevitable to achieve the above objective. For safe and reliable plant operation human performance analysis followed by suggestive measures to improve the same is needed. Corrective or strengthening input may be in terms of training, work environment, motivations, organizational culture and climate, leadership and prevailing environmental force and bio-rhythm of individuals with critical days are to be worked out The adequacy in training and development not only gives safe and reliable plant operations but results in greater employee satisfaction and self esteem as well. As of date, in the present vibrant global scenario, only the organization which impart good training in addition to competitive pay and perks to their employees are able to attract good people. Indian nuclear power plant in general and TAPP 3 and 4 in particular has been referred. (author)

  12. Performance Analysis and Optimum Operation Planning of Distributed Energy System Based on Micro Gas Turbine-Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Hybrid Power Generation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morita, Aina; Kimijima, Shinji

    In this paper, the economical and energy saving advantages of the distributed energy system, which consists of a micro gas turbine-solid oxide fuel cell hybrid power generation system, waste heat recovery devices and air-conditioning equipments, are investigated. Firstly, the thermodynamical performance evaluation of the hybrid system with the heat recovery devices is discussed to estimate the energy conversion efficiency of the whole system. Secondly, by using 1inear programming technique, the optimum operation planning of the cogeneration plant based on the hybrid system is discussed to predict the reduction of the primary fuel consumption and utility cost. Throughout detailed investigation, it is found that the energy conversion efficiency, which includes the waste heat utilization, reaches over 80% (LHV). In addition, the optimum operation of the hybrid system, of which power generation capacity is appropriate for the energy demand, achieve the highly effective energy saving against the traditional energy supply scheme, that is, the fuel reduction reaches around 40% to the conventional value.

  13. Regulations Perfection Accelerates Development of Desulfurization Industry——The 11th Five-Year Plan on SO2 emission control in existing coal-fired power plants constituted

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Staff Editors of China Electric Power News; Ye Qing

    2007-01-01

    @@ The "Outline of National Economic and Social Development of the 11th Five-Year Plan" has set forth the target of cutting SO2 emissions by 10% to the year 2010. To realize the target, the National Development and Reform Commission and the State Environmental Protection Administration of China jointly constituted "The 11th Five-Year Plan on SO2Emission Control in Existing Coal-Fired Power Plants" which is not only a completing document for implementing the outline but also an important basis for the state to administer preferential policies to existing coal-fired power plants to equip desulfurization installations.

  14. Reassessing Power

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHARLES; K.EBINGER; JOHN; P.BANKS

    2011-01-01

    Fukushima accident increases global concern over nuclear safety The accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in Japan has had an immediate impact on resurgent interest in nuclear power worldwide.Numerous governments have announced plans to re-examine nuclear energy policy and review the safety of their reactors and the adequacy of their regulatory frameworks.

  15. Bare face red-brown bricks manufactured with fly ash from the Narcea (Asturias Coal Power Plan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayesta, G.

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Fly ash, from the Coal Power Plant of Narcea (Asturias, has been used to determine its possible use as a raw material in the bare face red-brown brick manufacture. The correct mould of a ceramic material demands a paste with an adequate plasticity. So, the optimum compositions of humidity, lubricant (talc and binder (white dextrin have been investigated. The samples were made by compressing paste into a mould using varying values of pressure and boiling temperature once the cooling speed had been established. Finally, the cooked pieces were submitted to trials demanded by the Basic Construction Norm, to see if they met the required specifications concerning Water Absorption, Suction, Contraction, Resistance to Freezing, Efflorescence and Compressive Strength.

    Se caracterizan las cenizas volantes de la Central Térmica del Narcea (Asturias para determinar su utilización como materia prima en la obtención de ladrillos cara vista. El moldeo correcto de una pieza cerámica exige trabajar una pasta con una adecuada plasticidad, para ello se investiga cuál ha de ser la composición óptima de la misma, en cuanto a: humedad, cantidad de lubricante (talco y de ligante (dextrina blanca. El conformado de las piezas o ladrillos se realiza por prensado, utilizando distintos valores de presión, así como la temperatura de cocción, una vez establecida la velocidad de enfriamiento. Finalmente, las piezas cocidas se someten a los ensayos exigidos por la Norma Básica de Edificación, para ver si cumplen las especificaciones requeridas en cuanto a: Absorción de agua. Succión, Contracción, Heladicidad, Eflorescencia y Resistencia a la compresión.

  16. Power System Flexibility Planning and Challenges Considering High Proportion of Renewable Energy%含高比例可再生能源电力系统灵活性规划及挑战

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁宗相; 李海波; 乔颖

    2016-01-01

    The stochastic and variable characteristics of high proportion of renewable energy in the future power system would bring unprecedented challenges to power system operational flexibility , rendering specialized planning for flexible resources in power system indispensable in the whole planning process as never before . An overview on power system flexibility planning technique considering high proportion of renewable energy is given . Firstly , the features of power system with a high proportion of renewable energy are analyzed . Then the definition of power system flexibility , the main flexible resources in power system and the flexibility equilibrium are given prior to demonstrating current research on quantitative evaluation of flexibility . Finally , the core content , key technical problems and solving approach in power system flexibility coordinated planning are proposed .%未来高比例可再生能源的随机变化特性将给电力系统运行灵活性带来前所未有的挑战,对系统的灵活性资源进行规划成为必要的研究工作。对含高比例可再生能源电力系统灵活性规划的研究动态进行评述,首先分析了高比例可再生能源电力系统的基本特征,给出了电力系统灵活性的定义、主要灵活性资源类型和灵活性平衡原理,然后介绍了灵活性定量评价指标体系,最后,提出了电力系统灵活性协调规划的核心内容及求解思路、存在的关键难题及技术解决思路。

  17. Research and Practice of Arrangement Planning of County-level Electric Power Facilities%县域电力设施布局规划的研究与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周灵刚; 徐华; 朱涛; 章正锋

    2013-01-01

    To meet the requirement of national economy development and ensure that the electric grid has the ability of "power-receiving, power transmission and load reduction", it is necessary to take the form jointly prepared by governmental construction planning department and electricity sector to determine the design idea of power grid planning applicable to city space planning , in which substation site and corridor related to grid planning are to carried out in city space planning to enhance harmonious development between city and power grid. This paper summarizes and analyzes practices and results of load forecast , electric power balance, grid structure planning, substation site and line corridor in arrangement planning of electric power facilities in Lin-hai, providing reference for rolling revision of arrangement planning of electric power facilities in the future.%为满足国民经济发展需要,确保电网能够“受得进,送得出,落得下”,在编制电力设施布局规划时,有必要采取由政府建设规划部门和电力部门联合编制的形式,确定与城市空间规划相适应的电网规划工作思路,将站址和廊道等电网规划的相关内容具体落实到城市空间规划中,促进城市和电网的和谐发展。通过总结分析临海市电力设施布局规划中的负荷预测、电力平衡、网架规划、变电站站址和线路走廊选择的做法和成果,为今后电力设施布局规划的滚动修编提供参考。

  18. Planning Inequality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mandersheid, Katharina; Richardson, Tim

    2011-01-01

    While traces and techniques of power and contestation around the understanding and production of spaces are clearly recognized in the sociological and planning research literature, there has been little rigorous attention to how socio-spatial inequality is put at stake in strategic mobilization...... around particular spatial imaginaries. In an analysis of the German Spatial Planning Report, the paper examines how inequalities are represented in relation to space and movement in spatial strategy. The analysis shows how, in the report, the spatial dimension of the social is represented...... is represented as something outside and fluid which is meant to be channelled into the territorial containers by means of regional development and spatial planning. These representations of the social suggest a territorialized culturally integrated society as the unquestioned frame of reference which has lost...

  19. Short-term emergency response planning and risk assessment via an integrated modeling system for nuclear power plants in complex terrain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ni-Bin CHANG; Yu-Chi WENG

    2013-01-01

    Short-term predictions of potential impacts from accidental release of various radionuclides at nuclear power plants are acutely needed,especially after the Fukushima accident in Japan.An integrated modeling system that provides expert services to assess the consequences of accidental or intentional releases of radioactive materials to the atmosphere has received wide attention.These scenarios can be initiated either by accident due to human,software,or mechanical failures,or from intentional acts such as sabotage and radiological dispersal devices.Stringent action might be required just minutes after the occurrence of accidental or intentional release.To fulfill the basic functions of emergency preparedness and response systems,previous studies seldom consider the suitability of air pollutant dispersion models or the connectivity between source term,dispersion,and exposure assessment models in a holistic context for decision support.Therefore,the Gaussian plume and puff models,which are only suitable for illustrating neutral air pollutants in flat terrain conditional to limited meteorological situations,are frequently used to predict the impact from accidental release of industrial sources.In situations with complex terrain or special meteorological conditions,the proposing emergency response actions might be questionable and even intractable to decisionmakers responsible for maintaining public health and environmental quality.This study is a preliminary effort to integrate the source term,dispersion,and exposure assessment models into a Spatial Decision Support System (SDSS) to tackle the complex issues for short-term emergency response planning and risk assessment at nuclear power plants.Through a series model screening procedures,we found that the diagnostic (objective) wind field model with the aid of sufficient on-site meteorological monitoring data was the most applicable model to promptly address the trend of local wind field patterns.However,most of the

  20. Experience in energy, electricity and nuclear power planning with emphasis on MAED and WASP among Member States of the Regional Co-operative Agreement (RCA) in Asia and the Pacific Region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report includes the proceedings and papers of two workshops on energy, electricity and nuclear power planning: one held in Beijing, China, between 4-8 September 1989 (9 papers), and the other one held in Daejon, Republic of Korea, between 27-31 August 1990 (14 papers). A separate abstract was prepared for each of these papers. Refs, figs and tabs

  1. Energy and nuclear power planning study for Romania (covering the period 1989-2010). Report prepared by a team of experts from Romania with the guidance of the International Atomic Energy Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present report described the study conducted in cooperation with several organizations from Romania and covers the energy and electricity requirements for this country up to the year 2010. It also outlines optimal expansion plans for the power generating system of the country over the same period. Refs, figs and tabs

  2. National Energy Plan 2030: a proposal for power generation expansion in the long term; Plano Nacional de Energia 2030: uma proposta de expansao para a geracao de energia eletrica no longo prazo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guerreiro, Amilcar Goncalves; Pereira Junior, Amaro Olimpio; Lopes, Juarez Castrillon; Tavares, Marina Elisabete E.; Silva, Renata de A.M. da; Queiroz, Renato P.; Oliveira, Ricardo G. de [Empresa de Pesquisa Energetica (EPE), Brasilia, DF (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The article aims to present and discuss a proposal for electric energy expansion generation capacity in long term. This work identifies the most appropriate evolution of the hydrothermal mix for the expansion of the supply of electrical power in the country, over the horizon of planning by 2030. (author)

  3. SU-E-J-136: Investigation Into Robustness of Stopping Power Calculated by DECT and SECT for Proton Therapy Treatment Planning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhu, J [University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA (Australia); Penfold, S [University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA (Australia); Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, SA (Australia)

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: To investigate the robustness of dual energy CT (DECT) and single energy CT (SECT) proton stopping power calibration techniques and quantify the associated errors when imaging a phantom differing in chemical composition to that used during stopping power calibration. Methods: The CIRS tissue substitute phantom was scanned in a CT-simulator at 90kV and 140kV. This image set was used to generate a DECT proton SPR calibration based on a relationship between effective atomic number and mean excitation energy. A SECT proton SPR calibration based only on Hounsfield units (HUs) was also generated. DECT and SECT scans of a second phantom of known density and chemical composition were performed. The SPR of the second phantom was calculated with the DECT approach (SPR-DECT),the SECT approach (SPR-SECT) and finally the known density and chemical composition of the phantom (SPR-ref). The DECT and SECT image sets were imported into the Pinnacle{sup 3} research release of proton therapy treatment planning. The difference in dose when exposed to a common pencil beam distribution was investigated. Results: SPR-DECT was found to be in better agreement with SPR-ref than SPR- SECT. The mean difference in SPR for all materials was 0.51% for DECT and 6.89% for SECT. With the exception of Teflon, SPR-DECT was found to agree with SPR-ref to within 1%. Significant differences in calculated dose were found when using the DECT image set or the SECT image set. Conclusion: The DECT calibration technique was found to be more robust to situations in which the physical properties of the test materials differed from the materials used during SPR calibration. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that the DECT and SECT SPR calibration techniques can Result in significantly different calculated dose distributions.

  4. 我国电网规划与发展中的几个具体问题%Specific Problems in the Planning and Development of Power Network in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张运洲

    2003-01-01

    In light of the situation that the nationwide interconnection of power networks in China in the coming years will take shape, it is imperative to emphasize the importance of setting up rational power network configuration. Combined with the characteristics of regional power networks in China, problems in network planning that need to be solved are put forward in this paper, such as, the access of power plants to grid by layers and zones, the share of external power in the load of local network, the power network configuration study in-depth in planning and design stage, and enforcement of receiving-end power network trunk etc. The background of these problems and their countermeasures are also analyzed in the paper.%针对我国未来形成全国互联电网的局面,强调建立合理电网结构的重要性.结合我国区域电网的特点,提出电网规划中需要解决的问题,如电厂的分层分区接入,外来电力占本网负荷比例,规划设计阶段对电网结构的研究深度,加强受端网架等,分析这些问题的背景和解决对策.

  5. Long expansion planning of electrical power availability in Brazil under the real options theoretical approach; Planejamento de longo prazo da expansao da oferta de energia eletrica no Brasil sob uma perspectiva da teoria das opcoes reais

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marreco, Juliana de Moraes

    2007-05-15

    This thesis considers uncertainty on the long term generation expansion planning in the Brazilian Electric System, under a Real Options Approach . First, Real Options Theory is used to demonstrate the importance of thermo power plants insertion in Brazil, through a flexibility valuation on hydrothermal system. This is the first objective of this thesis. In the second part a Real Options Model is proposed to support long term expansion studies, based in a levelized costs analysis. The adequacy of proposed models to real problem is illustrated by a case study of the Brazilian Power System. The results show the importance of the energetic matrix diversification on the Long Term Planning. In the expansion model proposed, results are in favor of higher participation of biomass, nuclear power and coal in Brazilian electricity generation matrix. (author)

  6. Nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This chapter of the final report of the Royal Commission on Electric Power Planning in Ontario updates its interim report on nuclear power in Ontario (1978) in the light of the Three Mile Island accident and presents the commission's general conclusions and recommendations relating to nuclear power. The risks of nuclear power, reactor safety with special reference to Three Mile Island and incidents at the Bruce generating station, the environmental effects of uranium mining and milling, waste management, nuclear power economics, uranium supplies, socio-political issues, and the regulation of nuclear power are discussed. Specific recommendations are made concerning the organization and public control of Ontario Hydro, but the commission concluded that nuclear power is acceptable in Ontario as long as satisfactory progress is made in the disposal of uranium mill tailings and spent fuel wastes. (LL)

  7. 应用一体化工作流的电网规划管理信息系统%Power Grid Planning Management Information System Based on Integrated Workflow

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜旭; 葛少云; 李小宇; 赵洪刚; 巩向兵

    2013-01-01

    为解决当前电网规划的协调统筹工作缺乏支撑平台的问题,结合电网规划系统省地一体化的应用要求和规划管理工作的实际特点,通过应用流程标准化技术和工作流技术,设计并系统构建了基于一体化工作流的电网规划管理信息系统,实现了规划任务管理等规划业务的一体化管理.实际应用表明,应用工作流技术能够将各项管理工作有机地串联起来,并从设计层面确保规划系统对规划业务管理工作变换的适应能力,增强系统的可维护性和扩展性.%In order to solve the problem that current coordination work of power grid planning lacks the supporting platform, an integrated workflow based power grid planning management information system (PMIS) is designed and developed in this paper, through applying the process standardization technology and the work flow technology. The system can satisfy the province and region integrated application of PMIS and the actual characteristic of planning management tasks. By introducing workflow technology into planning business management, this system realizes the integrated management of planning business. Practical application in Guangdong Power Grid Cooperation shows that each management job can be organically series up by applying workflow technology, which ensures the adaptability of PMIS for process changing of planning management tasks from the design level, as well as enhances the maintainability and expansibility of PMIS.

  8. Transmission Network Value Planning Considering Large-scale Wind Power Integration%大规模风电接入的输电系统价值规划方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张建平; 朱忠烈; 柳璐; 田书欣; 张立波; 程浩忠

    2014-01-01

    The integration of large-scale wind power in East China grid is described.The method of transmission network value planning considering large-scale wind power is successively proposed.Based on a thorough investigation on the life cycle cost and financial benefits of transmission network,a mathematical model for value planning is developed with maximum revenue as the obj ective while taking into account the planning cost and the benefit at the same time.The environmental benefit arising from large-scale wind power integration is also calculated.Case study results have verified the validity of the value planning model.It is shown that the value planning has guiding significance evidently for actual network planning and the high environmental benefit is in keeping with the national strategy for sustainable development.%介绍了华东大规模风电接入的背景,提出了大规模风电接入的输电系统价值规划方法。研究了输电系统的全寿命周期成本和财务效益,在此基础上建立了以收益最大为目标的价值规划模型,同时考虑规划的成本和效益,并且分析了大规模风电接入的环保效益。算例分析结果验证了价值规划模型的有效性,对实际电网规划具有指导意义,大规模风电接入带来的较高的环保效益符合国家可持续发展的战略需求。

  9. NRC program for the resolution of generic issues related to nuclear power plants. (Includes plans for the resolution of ''unresolved safety issues'' pursuant to Section 210 of the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974, as amended)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report provides a description of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Program for the Resolution of Generic Issues Related to Nuclear Power Plants. The NRC program is of considerably broader scope than the ''Unresolved Safety Issues Plan'' required by Section 210. The NRC program does include plans for the resolution of ''Unresolved Safety Issues''; however, in addition, it includes generic tasks for the resolution of environmental issues, for the development of improvements in the reactor licensing process and for consideration of less conservative design criteria or operating limitations in areas where over conservatisms may be unnecessarily restrictive or costly

  10. SU-C-204-02: Improved Patient-Specific Optimization of the Stopping Power Calibration for Proton Therapy Planning Using a Single Proton Radiography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rinaldi, I [Lyon 1 University and CNRS/IN2P3, UMR 5822, Villeurbanne (France); Ludwig Maximilian University, Garching, DE (Germany); Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, DE (Germany); Parodi, K [Ludwig Maximilian University, Garching, DE (Germany); Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, DE (Germany); Krah, N [Heidelberg Collaboratory for Image Processing, Heidelberg, DE (Germany)

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: We present an improved method to calculate patient-specific calibration curves to convert X-ray computed tomography (CT) Hounsfield Unit (HU) to relative stopping powers (RSP) for proton therapy treatment planning. Methods: By optimizing the HU-RSP calibration curve, the difference between a proton radiographic image and a digitally reconstructed X-ray radiography (DRR) is minimized. The feasibility of this approach has previously been demonstrated. This scenario assumes that all discrepancies between proton radiography and DRR originate from uncertainties in the HU-RSP curve. In reality, external factors cause imperfections in the proton radiography, such as misalignment compared to the DRR and unfaithful representation of geometric structures (“blurring”). We analyze these effects based on synthetic datasets of anthropomorphic phantoms and suggest an extended optimization scheme which explicitly accounts for these effects. Performance of the method is been tested for various simulated irradiation parameters. The ultimate purpose of the optimization is to minimize uncertainties in the HU-RSP calibration curve. We therefore suggest and perform a thorough statistical treatment to quantify the accuracy of the optimized HU-RSP curve. Results: We demonstrate that without extending the optimization scheme, spatial blurring (equivalent to FWHM=3mm convolution) in the proton radiographies can cause up to 10% deviation between the optimized and the ground truth HU-RSP calibration curve. Instead, results obtained with our extended method reach 1% or better correspondence. We have further calculated gamma index maps for different acceptance levels. With DTA=0.5mm and RD=0.5%, a passing ratio of 100% is obtained with the extended method, while an optimization neglecting effects of spatial blurring only reach ∼90%. Conclusion: Our contribution underlines the potential of a single proton radiography to generate a patient-specific calibration curve and to improve

  11. A fuzzy set decision making model applied to electric power systems operation planning; Um modelo de decisao baseado em conjuntos nebulosos aplicado ao planejamento da operacao de sistemas de energia eletrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valenca, Mauricio Mendonca

    1993-05-01

    The power system static operation planning has a main objective the determination of performance strategies which satisfy operational criteria. A fuzzy set decision model which takes the load attainment and the compromise between optimality and critical operational constraints into account is presented. The prime characteristic of this methodology is the incorporation of the planner`s preferences structure in a decision process modeled by fuzzy sets. A routine of optimal power flow calculation is used as a computational tool for solving the nonlinear model of the electric power system and for defining the universe of discourse of the decision-making problem. tests were carried on a 30-bus IEEE system in order to find a compromise solution of electric operational goal versus reactive power generation limits. Results and conclusions are presented. (author) 28 refs., 32 figs.

  12. Plan 2008. Costs starting in 2010 for the radioactive residual products from nuclear power. Basis for fees and guarantees in 2010 and 2011

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A company that has a licence to own a nuclear power plant is responsible for adopting whatever measures are needed for safe management and disposal of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste deriving from it and for decommissioning and dismantling of the reactor plants after they have been taken out of service. The most important measures are to plan, build and operate the facilities and systems that are needed for this, and to conduct related research and development. The financing of these measures is based on payment of fees to a fund by the licensees, primarily during the period the reactors are in operation, but also later if need be. The details of this financing are regulated in the so called Financing Act (2006:647) with associated Ordinance (2008:715)1. SKB has the task of calculating and compiling the future costs for the four licensees. The future costs are based on SKB's current planning regarding the design of the system and the timetable for its execution. The current design is called the reference design, while the planning around it is called the reference scenario. This report is based on the proposed plan of the activities that has been presented in SKB's RDandD Programme 2007 and the most recent activity plan. The quantity of spent nuclear fuel to be managed in this scenario is based on an operating time of 50 years for each of the Forsmark and Ringhals reactors and 60 years for the Oskarshamn reactors, rounded off to fuel equivalent to 6,000 copper canisters. Preparations are currently being made by SKB for selection of the site for the final repository for nuclear fuel. The goal is that one of the two sites where the site investigations (now almost completed) have been carried out will be chosen. The cost calculations are based on the assumption of Forsmark as the site in the reference scenario. This choice has been for optimal illumination of different cost aspects and must not be regarded as a commitment on the part of SKB. The reference

  13. Plan 2008. Costs starting in 2010 for the radioactive residual products from nuclear power. Basis for fees and guarantees in 2010 and 2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2008-12-15

    A company that has a licence to own a nuclear power plant is responsible for adopting whatever measures are needed for safe management and disposal of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste deriving from it and for decommissioning and dismantling of the reactor plants after they have been taken out of service. The most important measures are to plan, build and operate the facilities and systems that are needed for this, and to conduct related research and development. The financing of these measures is based on payment of fees to a fund by the licensees, primarily during the period the reactors are in operation, but also later if need be. The details of this financing are regulated in the so called Financing Act (2006:647) with associated Ordinance (2008:715)1. SKB has the task of calculating and compiling the future costs for the four licensees. The future costs are based on SKB's current planning regarding the design of the system and the timetable for its execution. The current design is called the reference design, while the planning around it is called the reference scenario. This report is based on the proposed plan of the activities that has been presented in SKB's RDandD Programme 2007 and the most recent activity plan. The quantity of spent nuclear fuel to be managed in this scenario is based on an operating time of 50 years for each of the Forsmark and Ringhals reactors and 60 years for the Oskarshamn reactors, rounded off to fuel equivalent to 6,000 copper canisters. Preparations are currently being made by SKB for selection of the site for the final repository for nuclear fuel. The goal is that one of the two sites where the site investigations (now almost completed) have been carried out will be chosen. The cost calculations are based on the assumption of Forsmark as the site in the reference scenario. This choice has been for optimal illumination of different cost aspects and must not be regarded as a commitment on the part of SKB. The

  14. Report on the future planning of on-shore sites for wind power plants. [Denmark]; Rapport om fremtidens planlaegning for vindmoeller pae land

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-11-01

    A working group appointed by the Minister for the Environment has looked at a number of challenges with municipal planning for new onshore wind turbines. The reason was a desire to review the existing planning basis in order to assess the opportunities and constraints found in the current regulations, on which the wind turbine planning is based. The intention has been to look at whether municipalities have the right planning tools to help to ensure the government's objectives for the continued expansion of wind turbines onshore, and whether new planning tools can be identified. In addition, there has been a desire to bring attention to a good planning process with a positive citizen participation and a fact-based information effort, because there often in the context of local and municipal planning emerges local discussions about the proper placement of new wind turbines. With this report the working group make a number of recommendations to the Minister for the Environment. The recommendations deal with proposals for clarification of the rules (the wind turbine directive and the instructions to the directive), proposals for new planning tools, and proposals for new forms of cooperation and information efforts. The review of the current regulations shows that municipalities generally have the tools they need for planning for siting wind turbines, but there is a need for some adjustments and clarifications of the wind turbine directive. No proposed extensive changes in the laws are proposed, but the working group propose a change of the rural zone regulations. (LN)

  15. Scenarios for Deep Carbon Emission Reductions from Electricity by 2050 in Western North America using the Switch Electric Power Sector Planning Model: California's Carbon Challenge Phase II, Volume II

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nelson, James; Mileva, Ana; Johnston, Josiah; Kammen, Daniel; Wei, Max; Greenblatt, Jeffrey

    2014-01-01

    This study used a state-of-the-art planning model called SWITCH for the electric power system to investigate the evolution of the power systems of California and western North America from present-day to 2050 in the context of deep decarbonization of the economy. Researchers concluded that drastic power system carbon emission reductions were feasible by 2050 under a wide range of possible futures. The average cost of power in 2050 would range between $149 to $232 per megawatt hour across scenarios, a 21 to 88 percent increase relative to a business-as-usual scenario, and a 38 to 115 percent increase relative to the present-day cost of power. The power system would need to undergo sweeping change to rapidly decarbonize. Between present-day and 2030 the evolution of the Western Electricity Coordinating Council power system was dominated by implementing aggressive energy efficiency measures, installing renewable energy and gas-fired generation facilities and retiring coal-fired generation. Deploying wind, solar and geothermal power in the 2040 timeframe reduced power system emissions by displacing gas-fired generation. This trend continued for wind and solar in the 2050 timeframe but was accompanied by large amounts of new storage and long-distance high-voltage transmission capacity. Electricity storage was used primarily to move solar energy from the daytime into the night to charge electric vehicles and meet demand from electrified heating. Transmission capacity over the California border increased by 40 - 220 percent by 2050, implying that transmission siting, permitting, and regional cooperation will become increasingly important. California remained a net electricity importer in all scenarios investigated. Wind and solar power were key elements in power system decarbonization in 2050 if no new nuclear capacity was built. The amount of installed gas capacity remained relatively constant between present-day and 2050, although carbon capture and sequestration was

  16. Public environmental impact assessment in planning process of the near-shore wind power farms in Estonia. Avalikkuse osalemine keskkonnamõju hindamise ja planeerimisprotsessis rannikumere tuuleparkide näitel Eestis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Lindroos

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the nature and opportunities of public participation in the environmental impact assessment (EIA and planning processes in the context of massive expansion of near-shore wind power farms within the next decade in Estonia. The establishment of new wind farms has aroused opposition of the local population as in many other countries. In the present case, we focus on the wind park planned in the sea between Hiiumaa and Saaremaa (Soela Strait, in respect to which we conducted a case study of stakeholders in spring-summer 2014. Purpose of the research is to understand and assess the development of the surroundings in which people live and transformation in connection with the wind park planning, and institutional and individual attitudes and strategies in the processes of informing, involvement, participation and decision-making. The analysis of attitudes is based on social impact assessment: aesthetical, socio-economic and cultural tendencies

  17. 南京电网规划的不确定性分析及优化调整建议%Uncertainty analysis and optimization adjustment suggestion on Nanjing electricity power grid plan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    濮文青; 宋燕燕; 齐飞

    2014-01-01

    Up to the end of 2012,plan ElA of transmission electricity power grid including al levels of 500 kV and 220 kV has been finished completely in 13 municipalities in Jiangsu Province,which has played important roles in guiding and planning the fol owing projects of transmission electricity. Combined with the plan ElA during 12th Five-Year period of Nanjing electricity power grid,the uncertainty analysis of plan ElA was introduced,and the optimal adjustment of plan ElA was given. The results provide useful reference for future plan ElA.%截至2012年年底,江苏省13个省辖市的500 kV、220 kV等各等级输变电电网规划环评已全面完成,从环保角度对后期输变电项目建设起到了很好的规划与指导作用。结合南京电网“十二五”发展规划环境影响评价,介绍了规划方案中的不确定因素,并给出了规划方案的优化调整建议,为规划环评中规划的不确定性分析及优化调整建议提供了有益的参考。

  18. Spatial planning

    OpenAIRE

    Dimitrov, Nikola; Koteski, Cane

    2016-01-01

    The professional book ,, Space planning "processed chapters on: space, concept and definition of space, space as a system, spatial economics, economic essence of space, space planning, social determinants of spatial planning, spatial planning as a process, factors development and elements in spatial planning, methodology, components and content of spatial planning stages and types of preparation of spatial planning, spatial planning and industrialization, industrialization, urbanization and s...

  19. Solving optimization problems using hybrid architecture: a strategy for planning the electric power generation; Solucao de problemas de otimizacao utilizando arquitetura hibrida: uma estrategia para o planejamento da geracao de energia eletrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murakami, L.T. [Lechare Informatica Ltda., Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2009-07-01

    Electrical power could be considered as one of the economy propulsion vector of a country, assuming extremely important and strategic role because it makes direct influence to the production capacity. The expansion of electrical energy production could not only be done in a short time because constructions in this area take many years and could require more then a decade depending on the magnitude of them. The national power generation group is constituted mainly by hydro power plants complemented by thermal power plants which use several kinds of fuel which generation cost is high, if compared to hydro power generation, and should be minimized. It is a complex planning issue to supply the future power demand which basically depends on the analysis of two compoundable scenarios: the first one refers to the forecast of future economy growing and in this case, unless unpredictable issues occur such as the recent high economy growing experimented by China, the future demand does not show any surprise and is easy to predict; the second one, has inside the uncertainty because the hydro plants productions depends on the water quantity of rivers which depends on the past and current rainfall regimen. The quantity of rainfall is a stochastic data and follows the rules of probability and this drives to the study of cases and its deployments which are numerous causing difficulties to forecast the future. The planning of the electrical area has to examine the future demand and provide the necessary power generation equipment assuming a certain risk. To have it done, simulation models are used to predict the future, combining the two scenarios cited before, and viewing the results promoted by decision took in a step before. The difficult of this task is caused by the big amount of future alternatives provided by the combinatorial phenomena which require, to process the model, a computer with high processing capacity and specialized and specific methods that can resolve this

  20. Wind power installations in Switzerland - Regional planning basics and impact; Eoliennes en Suisse. Bases de planification pour l'amenagement du territoire et effets. Rapport de base

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ott, W.; Kaufmann, Y.; Steiner, P. [Econcept AG, Zuerich (Switzerland); Gilgen, K.; Sartoris, A. [IRAP-HSR, Institut fuer Raumentwicklung an der Hochschule fuer Technik Rapperswil, Rapperswil (Switzerland)

    2008-07-01

    This report published by the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) takes a look at the basics of regional planning and its impact on the construction of wind-energy installations in Switzerland. The authors state that the planning and realisation of wind turbine installations is often time and resource consuming: this document presents and discusses the results obtained in a project that aimed to supply consolidated knowledge on project-relevant basics and their effect with respect to wind-energy installations. Experience gained in Switzerland and in other countries is discussed. This report on the basics of wind-energy planning with its detailed information formed the basis of a checklist described in a further report. In nine chapters, regional planning aspects, environment and landscape-relevant aspects, effects on the national and regional economies and social acceptance factors are discussed. Also, success-factors and possible solutions for the successful realisation of wind-energy projects are looked at.

  1. White-tailed eagles and wind power at Froeya. Assessment of possible conflicts between eagles and wind turbines in the area of the planned wind power development; Havoern og vindkraft paa Froeya. Vurdering av mulige konflikter mellom havoern og vindmoeller i omraade for planlagt vindkraftutbygging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nygaard, Torgeir; Dahl, Lie Espen

    2012-07-01

    TroenderEnergi AS ga early 2012 NINA commission to propose a limited area of 5-6 k m2 within a previously investigated larger planning area where one could place in 20 to 25 wind turbines with minimal effect on the eagle population on Froeya. Originally the plan was to place 63 wind turbines in the wider area. Using local contacts' knowledge of the breeding population and NINA's experience from studies on Smoela, this was possible, and in addition, NINA has own data about young sea eagles use of the area. The breeding density of eagles within the planning area of Froeya is very high and on par with what it was in the central parts of Smoela before it was developed wind power there. Eight-nine breeding pairs exist within the planning area, and they have a total of 31 known nests. Lowest density of nests found in the area between Skarsvaaagen and Stutvassdalen, and the area between the Melkstadvatnet and Engdalsheia, and in Grasvatnet area to the east. Young eagles from Smoela use the planned area of Froeya widely, but at least in the southern and eastern parts of the planning area. The data suggest that there is a large degree of overlap between good nesting sites and young sea eagle use of the area. The part of the plan area with the lowest nesting density of eagles has the lowest use of young birds, and it is most birds in its second calendar year. The area is used in all seasons, but most of the summer. The area is used at all times of day. It is most traffic in and out of juveniles between Pipertuva and Engdal, through Langdalen towards Tuvnesvatnet and between Vobsjoen and Flatval. Based on the experiences of Smoela, it must be expect that eagles also will be killed at Froeya caused by collisions between eagles and turbines event of a wind power project. By adding a wind power plant as far as possible away from the densest occurrence of nesting eagles, will make the risk less. It is known that there are horned owls in or near the plan area, and it

  2. Nuclear power economic database

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear power economic database (NPEDB), based on ORACLE V6.0, consists of three parts, i.e., economic data base of nuclear power station, economic data base of nuclear fuel cycle and economic database of nuclear power planning and nuclear environment. Economic database of nuclear power station includes data of general economics, technique, capital cost and benefit, etc. Economic database of nuclear fuel cycle includes data of technique and nuclear fuel price. Economic database of nuclear power planning and nuclear environment includes data of energy history, forecast, energy balance, electric power and energy facilities

  3. 基于不确定规划理论的配电网优化规划%Optimization Planning for Power Distribution Network Based on Uncertain Programming Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨志平; 文波; 洪彬倬

    2016-01-01

    More and more wide application of distributed generation (DG)technology in power system brings certain impact and influence on power distribution network planning. Therefore,uncertain programming theory is used for fuzzy simulation on output power of wind power generation and photovoltaic generation and uncertainty of load in power distribution net-work,and an optimization model for power distribution network structure based on this theory is established as well. Mean-while,improved partheno-genetic algorithm based on tree structure coding is used for solving the model. Finally,simulating analysis on 16-node system example verifies feasibility of the planning model based on uncertain programming theory and va-lidity of the improved partheno-genetic algorithm.%随着分布式电源(distributed generation,DG)发电技术越来越多地渗透到电力系统中,给配电网规划带来了一定的冲击和影响.为此,利用不确定规划理论,对配电网中风力发电输出功率、光伏发电输出功率以及负荷大小的不确定性进行了模糊模拟,并建立了基于该理论的配电网网架优化模型.采用了基于树形结构编码的改进单亲遗传算法对模型进行求解.最后,通过对16节点配电网络算例的仿真分析,验证了基于不确定规划理论网架规划模型的可行性和改进单亲遗传算法的有效性.

  4. Planning and Foucault

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flyvbjerg, Bent; Richardson, Tim

    2002-01-01

    In this paper we argue that the use of the communicative theory of Jürgen Habermas in planning theory is problematic because it hampers an understanding of how power shapes planning. We posit an alternative approach based on the power analytics of Michel Foucault which focuses on ?what is actually...... done?, as opposed to Habermas?s focus on ?what should be done?. We discuss how the Foucauldian stance problematises planning, asking difficult questions about the treatment of legitimacy, rationality, knowledge and spatiality. We conclude that Foucault offers a type of analytic planning theory which...... offers better prospects than does Habermas for those interested in understanding and bringing about democratic social change through planning....

  5. Planning and Foucault

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flyvbjerg, Bent; Richardson, Tim

    In this paper we argue that the use of the communicative theory of Jürgen Habermas in planning theory is problematic because it hampers an understanding of how power shapes planning. We posit an alternative approach based on the power analytics of Michel Foucault which focuses on "what is actually...... done", as opposed to Habermas`  focus on "what should be done". We discuss how the Foucauldian stance problematises planning, asking difficult questions about the treatment of legitimacy, rationality, knowledge and spatiality. We conclude that Foucault offers a type of analytic planning theory which...... offers better prospects than does Habermas for those interested in understanding and bringing about democratic social change through planning....

  6. Recent experience in the use of IAEA planning methodologies for energy, electricity and nuclear power planning among Member States of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa. Proceedings of a workshop

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report contains the proceedings of a workshop held in Budapest, Hungary, from 18 to 22 July 1994. The workshop had, as a basic objective, the promotion of the regional exchange of experience in the use of the IAEA's planning tools and of providing a forum for further co-operation among participating countries. This report is intended to serve as a useful guide for the users of the IAEA planning models, as well as energy and electricity planners in general. Refs, figs, tabs

  7. Reasoning about plans

    CERN Document Server

    Allen, James; Pelavin, Richard; Tenenberg, Josh

    1991-01-01

    This book presents four contributions to planning research within an integrated framework. James Allen offers a survey of his research in the field of temporal reasoning, and then describes a planning system formalized and implemented directly as an inference process in the temporal logic. Starting from the same logic, Henry Kautz develops the first formal specification of the plan recognition process and develops a powerful family of algorithms for plan recognition in complex situations. Richard Pelavin then extends the temporal logic with model operators that allow the representation to

  8. The sector restructuring and the consequences on the planning and the marketing studies of the electric power distributors; A reestruturacao setorial e os reflexos sobre o planejamento e os estudos de mercado das distribuidoras de energia eletrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsudo, Eduardo

    2001-05-15

    After the restructuring of the Brazilian power sector during the 1990's a new set of rules and players (regulators, traders, etc.) was introduced. This situation resulted in significantly impacting the distribution companies in terms of market risks and commercial opportunities. Electric power market assessments that provide fundamental information to the system and tariff planning groups can also be used to support the distribution companies in analyzing various questions within the new rules that have been created. These questions include such items as: how much energy should be contracted in the future in the wholesale market?; how much opportunity is available in offering commercial services to the customer?. This work describes the main changes that have occurred due to the restructuring, such as: the privatization process, a wholesale market implementation, rules for energy trading, and planning and regulatory process. The main challenges for distribution companies as a result of these changes are identified, especially focusing on energy trading in retail and wholesale markets. The process of electric power market assessments is presented and describing the accepted methodology used for demand forecasting for distribution companies. Information required by distribution companies in order to deal with the market challenges are specified - e.g. energy trading, market risks and customer relationship. It is concluded there is a need to obtain detailed information about consumers and to develop market forecast for specific time frame. It must take into consideration all the issues around the retail market - the study needs to analyze the basic factors that impact customer consumption. In order to improve the electric market assessment, it has been useful to apply specific models. After reviewing the existing tools for electric power market assessments (analysis and forecast), it has been found that the models that combined methods of end use analysis with

  9. Balancing modern Power System with large scale of wind power

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Basit, Abdul; Altin, Müfit; Hansen, Anca Daniela;

    2014-01-01

    Power system operators must ensure robust, secure and reliable power system operation even with a large scale integration of wind power. Electricity generated from the intermittent wind in large propor-tion may impact on the control of power system balance and thus deviations in the power system...... frequency in small or islanded power systems or tie line power flows in interconnected power systems. Therefore, the large scale integration of wind power into the power system strongly concerns the secure and stable grid operation. To ensure the stable power system operation, the evolving power system has...... to be analysed with improved analytical tools and techniques. This paper proposes techniques for the active power balance control in future power systems with the large scale wind power integration, where power balancing model provides the hour-ahead dispatch plan with reduced planning horizon and the real time...

  10. Development Planning of Natural Gas Power Generation and Its Influence on Power System's Peak Load Regulation and Economy%燃气发电的发展及其对电网调峰和经济性影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾德香; 韩净

    2013-01-01

    The large-scale development of natural gas power generation in China is subject to natural gas supply,price and peak load regulation,etc.It is important to research natural gas power generation's planning and its influence on power system and its economy.The principle and method of natural gas power generation's planning is proposed.Based on the minimum total system cost of the power supply,with the constraints of power system's construction ans operation,balance of power and energy,balance of natural gas demand and its supply,etc.,the recommended scenario of total generation development planning scale and its structure is proposed,including natural gas power generation's scale.Furthermore,considering natural gas power station' s prelimninary work,natural gas supply and system peak load regulation,the recommended scale of natural gas power generation and its economy is proposed.The study conclusion provides the guidance for the development of the natural gas power generation in China.%中国燃气电站大规模发展面临气源、气价和系统调峰等多种约束,需要深入研究气电发展及其对电网调峰和经济性的影响.提出了燃气电站规划研究的原则和方法,以系统电力供应总成本最小为目标,以电力电量平衡、燃气等能源供需平衡、系统建设和运行等各种要求为约束条件,研究总体电源规模和结构,包括燃气电站建设规模.在此基础上,综合考虑燃气电站前期工作进展情况、气源落实情况以及系统调峰平衡状况,提出地区电网燃气电站推荐装机容量并进行经济性分析,为地区电网制定燃气电站发展规划提供参考.

  11. The Ten-Year 2007-2016 Plan of Power Expansion in the context of the recovering of Brazilian electric sector planning: advances and possible enhancements; O Plano Decenal de Expansao de Energia 2007/2016 no contexto da retomada do planejamento do setor eletrico brasileiro: avancos e possiveis aprimoramentos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buratini, Ricardo [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (IE/UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Economia

    2008-07-01

    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the methodology for power consumption projection presented in the Ten-year (2007-2016) Plan of Power Expansion (PDEE 2007/2016) and to propose some questions for discussion. Indeed, bearing in mind the progress achieved in the recent past with respect to the resumption of long term planning in the Brazilian electric power sector, it is pertinent to promote a discussion about the possible limitations of the expansion methodology proposed in PDEE. In short, it is believed that, starting from such a discussion, it could be possible to contribute towards the aim of making the planning process of the Brazilian electric power sector expansion more transparent, more consistent and more participative, consequently bringing a greater convergence of the expectations of the agents of the sector. The main questions raised in this paper about the PDEE's methodology are with respect to the absence of sufficient detail about the interactive adjustment of the several models used to project the consumption, as well as to the lack of information about the models themselves. The general conclusion of this paper is that, in order that the PDEE meets its objective of providing correct signals to all the agents, it is necessary to include more incisively the sector's specialists and the private agents in the methodological discussions, so that no important doubts will remain about the various projections. In our understanding, the success of such an enterprise will depend not only on the disposition of the agents, but on the greater detail and depth that should be previously given to the questions raised in this paper. It is certainly a significant challenge, of a high complexity but of an even higher importance to the electric power sector and to the Brazilian economy. (author)

  12. Aerocapacitor commercialization plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-09-12

    The purpose of the Power-One Aerocapacitor Commercialization Plan is to communicate to members of management and to all employees the overall objectives of the corporation. Power-One, Inc., has participated in a US Federal Government Technology Reinvestment Project (TRP), entitled {open_quotes}Advanced Power Conversion based on the Aerocapacitor{close_quotes}: the project is a group effort, with Lawrence Livermore National Labs, GenCorp/Aerojet, PolyStor Corp. (a start-up company), and Power-One forming the consortium. The expected resulting technology is the {open_quotes}Aerocapacitor{close_quotes}, which possesses much higher performance levels than the usual capacitors on the market today. Power-One hopes to incorporate the Aerocapacitor into some of its products, hence enhancing their performance, as well as market privately-labeled aerocapacitors through its distribution channels. This document describes the details of Power-One`s plan to bring to market and commercialize the Aerocapacitor and Aerocapacitor-based products. This plan was formulated while Power-One was part of the Oerocap project. It has since pulled out of this project. What is presented in this plan is the work which was developed prior to the business decision to terminate this work.

  13. Carbon and air pollutants constrained energy planning for clean power generation with a robust optimization model—A case study of Jining City, China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Multistage inexact stochastic robust model for energy system management. • Electric power structure adjustment and emission reduction target are considered. • Power generation schemes, exported electricity, and captured CO2 were analyzed. • Uncertainties were reflected as discrete intervals and probability distributions. - Abstract: In this study, a multistage inexact stochastic robust model was developed for regional energy system management in Jining City, China. Three scenarios about the electric power structure adjustment, clean power generation, and the emission reduction target are designed. Methods of interval parameter programming (IPP), stochastic robust optimization (SRO), and multistage stochastic programming (MSP) were incorporated into the developed model to tackle uncertainties described by interval values and probability distributions. The results indicated that the model can provide an effective linkage between conflicting economic cost and the system stability, and different power demand levels correspond to different electricity generation schemes with varied system cost and system-failure risk. The net system cost, power generation schemes, exported electricity, and captured CO2 amount were analyzed. The results indicated that the power generation by traditional technology would be decreased with the improvement of regional energy structure adjustment and environmental protection request. The modeling results are valuable for supporting the adjustment or justification of the existing power generation schemes within a complicated energy system under uncertainty

  14. Assessment of Projected Temperature Impacts from Climate Change on the U.S. Electric Power Sector Using the Integrated Planning Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    The energy sector is considered to be one of the most vulnerable to climate change. This study is a first-order analysis of the potential climate change impacts on the U.S. electric power sector, measuring the energy, environmental, and economic impacts of power system changes du...

  15. Utility planning for decommissioning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Though the biggest impact on a utility of nuclear power plant decommissioning may occur many years from now, procrastination of efforts to be prepared for that time is unwarranted. Foresight put into action through planning can significantly affect that impact. Financial planning can assure the recovery of decommissioning costs in a manner equitable to customers. Decision-making planning can minimize adverse affects of current decisions on later decommissioning impacts and prepare a utility to be equipped to make later decommissioning decisions. Technological knowledge base planning can support all other planning aspects for decommissioning and prepare a utility for decommissioning decisions. Informed project planning can ward off potentially significant pitfalls during decommissioning and optimize the effectiveness of the actual decommissioning efforts

  16. Tools and data acquisition of borehole geophysical logging for the Florida Power and Light Company Turkey Point Power Plant in support of a groundwater, surface-water, and ecological monitoring plan, Miami-Dade County, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wacker, Michael A.

    2010-01-01

    Borehole geophysical logs were obtained from selected exploratory coreholes in the vicinity of the Florida Power and Light Company Turkey Point Power Plant. The geophysical logging tools used and logging sequences performed during this project are summarized herein to include borehole logging methods, descriptions of the properties measured, types of data obtained, and calibration information.

  17. Planning Lessons

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Linda Jensen

    2007-01-01

    @@ Jensen's "Lesson Planning"article serves aS a guide fOr novice teachers who need to create formalized lesson plans.The article covers why,when,and how teachers plan lessons,as well aS basic lesson plan principles and a lesson plan template.

  18. 基于“三全一多样”的县级供电企业税务筹划%County Level Power Supply Enterprise Tax Planning Based on″Three All and One Diversity″

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴长炳; 朱承平; 丁婧

    2013-01-01

    Various taxes , as a main component of enterprise cost , have an important influence on the a-chievement of the enterprise earnings and goal .Effectively avoiding the tax risk and paying taxes in ac-cordance with the laws are an important part of power supply enterprise management work .The tax plan-ning is the guarantee of avoiding tax risk effectively .Through the tax planning management model of″three all and one diversity″, namely, all staff participation , whole process control , the enterprise as a whole , and diverse planning ways , on the premise of paying taxes in accordance with the laws , Tongling County Power Supply Company greatly reduces the various tax expenditures , effectively realizes the cost decrease and efficiency increase .%各种税金作为企业成本费用的一项主要组成部分,对企业的收益和目标的实现,有着重要的影响;有效规避税务风险,依法合规纳税,是供电企业经营工作的重要组成部分;税务筹划是有效规避税务风险的保证;铜陵县供电公司通过“三全一多样”,即全员参与、全过程控制、全企业统筹,筹划方式多种多样的税务筹划管理模式,在依法纳税的前提下,大大地减少了各种税金支出,有效地实现了降本增效。

  19. Pedal Power Goes Global. Twelfth Grade Economics Lesson Plan. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antillas, Madeline

    Many factors must be considered when a company decides to market its product in another country. It must research the targeted country to determine if there is a demand for the product, decide on product modifications needed to match the new market, and develop a plan to market and distribute the product in this new business environment. In this…

  20. The return of regulation in the shopping landscape? Reflecting on the persistent power of city centre preservation within shifting retail planning ideologies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spierings, Bas

    2006-01-01

    Since the construction of the hierarchical retail system in the postwar period, the main goal of Dutch retail planning has been to preserve city centres and the complementary shopping centres. National guidelines restricted the development of large-scale retail locations on peripheral sites. Conside

  1. DESIGN OFesign of visual and practical reactive power VISUALAND PRACTICAL REACTIVE POWERoptimization and planning system in area network OPTIMIZATION AND PLANNING SYSTEM%地区电网可视化实用无功优化与规划系统的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵冬梅; 邱辰; 张旭

    2013-01-01

      为了实现无功优化与无功规划计算的统一管理,满足工程实际应用需求,设计实现了地区电网可视化实用无功优化与规划系统。由状态估计、无功优化、无功规划、图形平台四大功能模块及系统接口模块组成。状态估计完成量测数据的处理,优化电网潮流状态;无功优化以实用离散量子粒子群算法为基础,采用短期负荷预测、概率估计理论制定无功优化策略,辅助优化调度决策;无功规划基于负荷特性,采用聚类分层分析连续断面优化方案,结合灵敏度分析确定最优补偿点及补偿容量;图形平台实现人机交互,实时反映电网功率流动,显示更新无功优化策略;系统接口实现系统与OPEN2000的数据传输。系统已在某地区电网得以应用,效果良好。%To realize unified management of reactive power optimization and planning calculation, and meet the demand of practical application, the paper designs and realizes visual and practical reactive power optimization and planning system in area network. It consists of function module and system interface module. The function module consists of four parts, namely, state estimation, reactive power optimization, reactive power planning, and gragh platform. Among them, State state estimation part is used to handle measurements for getting an optimal state of power flow in network. Reactive power optimization, based based on practical discrete quantum particle swarm optimization algorithm , uses short-term load forecasting method and probability estimate theory to make reactive power optimization strategy which canand assist reactive power regulationoptimal dispatch. Reactive power planning uses method of clustering lamination to analyze continua optimize strategy based on load characteristics, then calculates appropriate compensation place and capacity combining with sensitivity analysis. Graph platform reflects value and

  2. 地区电网可视化实用无功优化与规划系统的设计%DESIGN OFesign of visual and practical reactive power VISUALAND PRACTICAL REACTIVE POWERoptimization and planning system in area network OPTIMIZATION AND PLANNING SYSTEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵冬梅; 邱辰; 张旭

    2013-01-01

      为了实现无功优化与无功规划计算的统一管理,满足工程实际应用需求,设计实现了地区电网可视化实用无功优化与规划系统。由状态估计、无功优化、无功规划、图形平台四大功能模块及系统接口模块组成。状态估计完成量测数据的处理,优化电网潮流状态;无功优化以实用离散量子粒子群算法为基础,采用短期负荷预测、概率估计理论制定无功优化策略,辅助优化调度决策;无功规划基于负荷特性,采用聚类分层分析连续断面优化方案,结合灵敏度分析确定最优补偿点及补偿容量;图形平台实现人机交互,实时反映电网功率流动,显示更新无功优化策略;系统接口实现系统与OPEN2000的数据传输。系统已在某地区电网得以应用,效果良好。%To realize unified management of reactive power optimization and planning calculation, and meet the demand of practical application, the paper designs and realizes visual and practical reactive power optimization and planning system in area network. It consists of function module and system interface module. The function module consists of four parts, namely, state estimation, reactive power optimization, reactive power planning, and gragh platform. Among them, State state estimation part is used to handle measurements for getting an optimal state of power flow in network. Reactive power optimization, based based on practical discrete quantum particle swarm optimization algorithm , uses short-term load forecasting method and probability estimate theory to make reactive power optimization strategy which canand assist reactive power regulationoptimal dispatch. Reactive power planning uses method of clustering lamination to analyze continua optimize strategy based on load characteristics, then calculates appropriate compensation place and capacity combining with sensitivity analysis. Graph platform reflects value and

  3. Language Planning: Corpus Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldauf, Richard B., Jr.

    1989-01-01

    Focuses on the historical and sociolinguistic studies that illuminate corpus planning processes. These processes are broken down and discussed under two categories: those related to the establishment of norms, referred to as codification, and those related to the extension of the linguistic functions of language, referred to as elaboration. (60…

  4. Malaysia power

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Husin, Z.A. (Tenaga Nasional Berhad (Malaysia))

    1994-09-01

    Describes the organisation of the Malaysian electric power industry and the role of natural gas and coal in power generation in the country. At present, electricity is produced by three utilities: Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB) which was fully privatised in May 1992 with the Government holding about 73% of the equity, Sarawak Electricity Supply Corporation (SESCO) which the Government plans to privatise soon, and Sabah Electricity Board (SEB). These have installed capacities of 7000 MW, 400 MW and 350 MW, respectively. Five independent power producers have been given licences to build, own and operate power plants with a total installed capacity of 4000 MW. Natural gas is expected to account for about 72% of Malaysia's power generating fuel by the year 2010, compared to about 50% at present. Malaysia currently has only one coal-fired plant, but its expansion is in the final stage of contract awards. A number of small capacity coal-fired plants are being planned for Sabah and Sarawak where the bulk of Malaysia's coal resources are located. 3 figs., 1 photo.

  5. Space Solar Power Program. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arif, Humayun; Barbosa, Hugo; Bardet, Christophe; Baroud, Michel; Behar, Alberto; Berrier, Keith; Berthe, Phillipe; Bertrand, Reinhold; Bibyk, Irene; Bisson, Joel; Bloch, Lawrence; Bobadilla, Gabriel; Bourque, Denis; Bush, Lawrence; Carandang, Romeo; Chiku, Takemi; Crosby, Norma; De Seixas, Manuel; De Vries, Joha; Doll, Susan; Dufour, Francois; Eckart, Peter; Fahey, Michael; Fenot, Frederic; Foeckersperger, Stefan; Fontaine, Jean-Emmanuel; Fowler, Robert; Frey, Harald; Fujio, Hironobu; Gasa, Jaume Munich; Gleave, Janet; Godoe, Jostein; Green, Iain; Haeberli, Roman; Hanada, Toshiya; Harris, Peter; Hucteau, Mario; Jacobs, Didier Fernand; Johnson, Richard; Kanno, Yoshitsugu; Koenig, Eva Maria; Kojima, Kazuo; Kondepudi, Phani; Kottbauer, Christian; Kulper, Doede; Kulagin, Konstantin; Kumara, Pekka; Kurz, Rainer; Laaksonen, Jyrki; Lang, Andrew Neill; Lathan, Corinna; Le Fur, Thierry; Lewis, David; Louis, Alain; Mori, Takeshi; Morlanes, Juan; Murbach, Marcus; Nagatomo, Hideo; O' brien, Ivan; Paines, Justin; Palaszewski, Bryan; Palmnaes, Ulf; Paraschivolu, Marius; Pathare, Asmin; Perov, Egor; Persson, Jan; Pessoa-Lopes, Isabel; Pinto, Michel; Porro, Irene; Reichert, Michael; Ritt-Fischer, Monika; Roberts, Margaret; Robertson II, Lawrence; Rogers, Keith; Sasaki, Tetsuo; Scire, Francesca; Shibatou, Katsuya; Shirai, Tatsuya; Shiraishi, Atsushi; Soucaille, Jean-Francois; Spivack, Nova; St. Pierre, Dany; Suleman, Afzal; Sullivan, Thomas; Theelen, Bas Johan; Thonstad, Hallvard; Tsuji, Masatoshi; Uchiumi, Masaharu; Vidqvist, Jouni; Warrell, David; Watanabe, Takafumi; Willis, Richard; Wolf, Frank; Yamakawa, Hiroshi; Zhao, Hong

    1992-08-01

    Information pertaining to the Space Solar Power Program is presented on energy analysis; markets; overall development plan; organizational plan; environmental and safety issues; power systems; space transportation; space manufacturing, construction, operations; design examples; and finance.

  6. Experience gained with the use of models and simulation for the utilisation plan of power plants of PreussenElektra; Erfahrungen mit dem Einsatz von Modellbildung und Simulation in der Kraftwerkseinsatzplanung der PreussenElektra

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bredow, M. [PreussenElektra Netz GmbH und Co. KG, Lehrte (Germany). Hauptschaltleitung und Lastverteilung

    1999-07-01

    The method to project the supply of wind power, that is currently applied by the PreussenElektra network and that takes into account the model of the German meteorological service provides valuable support for decisions regarding the planned utilisation of energy. However, this method is not satisfactory yet with respect to an optimal economic and ecological utilisation of energy and to an electric power market model based upon a firm time schedule. (orig.) [German] Das zur Zeit von der PreussenElektra Netz eingesetzte Verfahren zur Prognostizierung der Windeinspeisung unter Nutzung des Deutschlandmodells des Deutschen Wetterdienstes liefert wertvolle Entscheidungshilfen bei der Energieeinsatzplanung. Im Interesse eines optimalen wirtschaftlichen und oekologischen Energieeinsatzes und unter dem Blickwinkel eines fahrplanbasierten Strommarktmodells kann man damit jedoch nicht zufrieden sein. (orig.)

  7. Proposal planning of expansion of electric power generating facilities of Rio Grande do Sul in 2008-2030 period; Proposta de planejamento de expansao do parque gerador de energia eletrica do Rio Grande do Sul no periodo 2008-2030

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Magayevski, Juliano; Santos, Joao Carlos Vernetti dos [Universidade Luterana do Brasil (PPGEAM/ULBRA), Gravatai, RS (Brazil). Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Engenharia, Energia, Ambiente e Materiais

    2010-07-01

    This work examines the indicators of wealth and its relations with the electricity demand for the State of Rio Grande do Sul, with a trend scenario and alternative scenarios for the electricity demand for the period 2008-2030. A capacity model was developed in order to estimate the increase of the installed capacity necessary to supply the foreseen demand. This model considers new additions of the power plants in implantation, planned and in study, from a base of information and data of the Ministry of Energy. Based on the comparison of the scenarios established with the developed model, are identified strangulations of power supply in the considered time for two of them, the participation of the primary sources capable to prevent them is explored and the total investment for realization of developed model and one established scenario that show strangulation, through hydroelectric plants, thermoelectric based on mineral coal and thermoelectric based on natural gas. (author)

  8. Avian post-construction studies and EIA for planned extension of the Hitra wind-power plant; EIA = environmental impact assessment; Ornitologisk etterundersoekelse og konsekvensutredning i tilknytning til planer for utvidelse av Hitra vindkraftverk

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bevanger, K.; Dahl, E.L.; Gjershaug, J.O.; Halley, D.J.; Hanssen, F.O.; Nygaard, T.; Pearson, M.; Pedersen, H.C.; Reitan, O.

    2010-03-15

    The results indicate that the annual number of dead birds recorded varies, and that an annual average probably is slightly less than two dead white-tailed eagles and four willow ptarmigans as long as 24 turbines are operating in the wind-power plant. The number of dead birds recorded is minimum figures. The total collision rate has not been estimated, however, the terrain where the power plant is located is difficult to search, and thus the habitat bias will be significant. Taking into account removal rate (scavenging bias) and search efficiency of the dog (search bias) it is assumed that the real number of casualties is somewhat higher. Dead birds are particularly found near turbines located at the edge of the power plant. There is insufficient evidence to conclude whether the recorded mortality for the white- tailed eagle is or is not acceptable with regard to short- or long-term population development. As regards the willow ptarmigan population, the data, while not conclusive, in combination with population censuses suggests that the power-plant extension will not be unacceptable for population development. Both for the white-tailed eagle and the willow ptarmigan an increased mortality must be expected when the power plant turbine number is increased.It is important to clarify whether there are established breeding pairs within the planning area, particularly in connection to the planned road access from the south. By building this road a general disturbance increase will take place. Whether the routing of the road will conflict with nest sites of red-listed species like the eagle owl and grey-headed wood- pecker is unknown as the routing not was known when the fieldwork took place during spring/summer 2009. There is, however, more reason to believe that the road might threaten an eagle owl territory than the contrary. The existing data are insufficient to conclude whether the encroachments connected to the road building from the south into the power-plant area

  9. Planning the extension of nuclear parks for an integrated system of thermal power plants with the aid of dynamic programming - alogrithm for discrete decision processes with ranked decision variables

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The work discusses the question how in competition with conventional fossil- and nuclear-heated single block installations the blocks of a nuclear park are to be added to an existing thermal power plants system with the power generation costs being minimized. The introduction is followed by a description of the initial problem, and some essential views of the classical planning of the development and utilization of a thermal power plants system are explained. The basis of the dynamic programming are then presented. Most of the room is taken up by the description of the technique applied for solving the initial problem. Furthermore, a methodic comparison between the developed mathematical model and the best-known power plant construction models is affected. Another chapter demonstrates by means of abstraction of the special example of the mathematical model that the developed algorithm of the dynamic programming can also be applied to a general discrete decision process. After this the suitability of the new developed algorithm of the dynamic programming for solving the initial problem additional building of nuclear parks is proved. (UA)

  10. The planned incineration and power generation plant for dangerous waste materials in Tavsanli (Turkey); Die geplante Verbrennungs- und Energiegewinnungsanlage fuer gefaehrliche Abfaelle in Tavsanli/Tuerkei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tabasaran, Oktay [Stuttgart Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Siedlungswasserbau, Wasserguete- und Abfallwirtschaft (ISWA)

    2013-03-01

    Within the National Program, Turkey has defined short-term and medium-term priorities with the target of the approximation to standards of the European Union. The national environmental protection strategy playing a decisive role originates from an accumulated need within the area of environmental protection. The waste management action plan of the former Ministry of the Environment and Forest (2005) as well as the Report Technical Assistance for Environmental Heavy-Cost Investment Planning Turkey (2005) provide that further plants for the thermal treatment and removal of dangerous wastes have to be established up to the year 2020 in order to fulfil the EU Standards. The Metal Industry Employers Union has founded the stock company MSG in order to establish an integrative centre for recycling and thermal utilization of dangerous wastes at the above-ground former lignite mining pit in Tavsanli-Kuetahya (Turkey). The contribution under consideration describes the necessity of a thermal waste treatment, the site Tavsanli, the planned incinerator (plant concept, procedural steps), purification of the exhaust gas and auxiliary equipment.

  11. Collaboration Plan for the Development of Diagnostics and Prognostics Methods, and Self-Powered Sensing Techniques for Sustainability of Safety Critical Functions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since the accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station, attention has been given to accident mitigation during possible beyond design-basis accidents. This safety issue is elaborated in the July 2011 US NRC report1, Near-Term Task Force Review of Insights from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Accident. As a part of the International Nuclear Engineering Research Initiative (INERI) Project, University of Tennessee (UTK) and KAERI are investigating diagnostics and prognostics methods for sustainability of Nuclear Power Plant Safety Critical Functions. The objective of this collaborative INERI project is to develop and demonstrate advanced technologies for condition monitoring, diagnosis, remote sensing, sensor network design, self-powered sensors, and safety actuation during beyond design-basis events in operating nuclear plants and next generation reactors

  12. Final Draft Strategic Marketing Plan.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1994-02-01

    The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has developed a marketing plan to define how BPA can be viable and competitive in the future, a result important to BPA`s customers and constituents. The Marketing Plan represents the preferred customer outcomes, marketplace achievements, and competitive advantage required to accomplish the Vision and the Strategic Business Objectives of the agency. The Marketing Plan contributes to successful implementation of BPA`s Strategic Business Objectives (SBOs) by providing common guidance to organizations and activities throughout the agency responsible for (1) planning, constructing, operating, and maintaining the Federal Columbia River Power System; (2) conducting business with BPA`s customers; and (3) providing required internal support services.

  13. Dinosaurs and Power Plants. Energy from the Past for the Future. Teacher's Lesson Plan and Activity Guide; Teacher's Guide Supplement of Reproducible Graphics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Department of Energy, Washington, DC. Office of Fossil Energy.

    This teacher's guide and its accompanying supplement were prepared for use with the U.S. Department of Energy's Dinosaurs and Power Plants, a publication designed for students in grades 5-8 about the history, detection, extraction, transportation, use, environmental problem/solutions, and future of fossil energy. The study of energy science shows…

  14. Guidelines for preparing and reviewing applications for the licensing of non-power reactors: Standard review plan and acceptance criteria. NUREG - 1537, Part 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-02-01

    NUREG - 1537, Part 2 gives guidance on the conduct of licensing action reviews to NRC staff who review non-power reactor licensing applications. These licensing actions include construction permits and initial operating licenses, license renewals, amendments, conversions from highly enriched uranium to low-enriched uranium, decommissioning, and license termination.

  15. Power system analysis and transmission planning in a changing environment; Dynamisk forbrukstilpasning for optimaliserende akt#Latin Small Letter O With Stroke#rer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mo, Birger [Sintef Energy, Trondheim (Norway); Honve, Ingrid [Sintef Energy, Trondheim (Norway); Wolfgang, Ove [Sintef Energy, Trondheim(Norway)

    2012-07-01

    This report describes the functionality of dynamic consumption adjustment for optimizing actors. This is a new way of modeling power consumption for energy-intensive industries in EMPS. The report contains a description of the method, the results of testing and a user manual.(eb)

  16. Guidelines for preparing and reviewing applications for the licensing of non-power reactors: Standard review plan and acceptance criteria. NUREG - 1537, Part 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    NUREG - 1537, Part 2 gives guidance on the conduct of licensing action reviews to NRC staff who review non-power reactor licensing applications. These licensing actions include construction permits and initial operating licenses, license renewals, amendments, conversions from highly enriched uranium to low-enriched uranium, decommissioning, and license termination

  17. Co-authorship network analysis: a powerful tool for strategic planning of research, development and capacity building programs on neglected diseases.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Medicis Morel

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: New approaches and tools were needed to support the strategic planning, implementation and management of a Program launched by the Brazilian Government to fund research, development and capacity building on neglected tropical diseases with strong focus on the North, Northeast and Center-West regions of the country where these diseases are prevalent. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Based on demographic, epidemiological and burden of disease data, seven diseases were selected by the Ministry of Health as targets of the initiative. Publications on these diseases by Brazilian researchers were retrieved from international databases, analyzed and processed with text-mining tools in order to standardize author- and institution's names and addresses. Co-authorship networks based on these publications were assembled, visualized and analyzed with social network analysis software packages. Network visualization and analysis generated new information, allowing better design and strategic planning of the Program, enabling decision makers to characterize network components by area of work, identify institutions as well as authors playing major roles as central hubs or located at critical network cut-points and readily detect authors or institutions participating in large international scientific collaborating networks. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Traditional criteria used to monitor and evaluate research proposals or R&D Programs, such as researchers' productivity and impact factor of scientific publications, are of limited value when addressing research areas of low productivity or involving institutions from endemic regions where human resources are limited. Network analysis was found to generate new and valuable information relevant to the strategic planning, implementation and monitoring of the Program. It afforded a more proactive role of the funding agencies in relation to public health and equity goals, to scientific capacity building

  18. Status of safety issues at licensed power plants: TMI Action Plan requirements, unresolved safety issues, generic safety issues, other multiplant action issues. Supplement 4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As part of ongoing US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) efforts to ensure the quality and accountability of safety issue information, the NRC established a program for publishing an annual report on the status of licensee implementation and NRC verification of safety issues in major NRC requirements areas. This information was initially compiled and reported in three NUREG-series volumes. Volume 1, published in March 1991, addressed the status of Three Mile Island (TMI) Action Plan Requirements. Volume 2, published in May 1991, addressed the status of unresolved safety issues (USIs). Volume 3, published in June 1991, addressed the implementation and verification status of generic safety issues (GSIs). The first annual supplement, which combined these volumes into a single report and presented updated information as of September 30, 1991, was published in December 1991. The second annual supplement, which provided updated information as of September 30, 1992, was published in December 1992. Supplement 2 also provided the status of licensee implementation and NRC verification of other multiplant action (MPA) issues not related to TMI Action Plan requirements, USIs, or GSIs. Supplement 3 gives status as of September 30, 1993. This annual report, Supplement 4, presents updated information as of September 30, 1994. This report gives a comprehensive description of the implementation and verification status of TMI Action Plan requirements, safety issues designated as USIs, GSIs, and other MPAs that have been resolved and involve implementation of an action or actions by licensees. This report makes the information available to other interested parties, including the public. Additionally, this report serves as a follow-on to NUREG-0933, ''A Prioritization of Generic Safety Issues,'' which tracks safety issues until requirements are approved for imposition at licensed plants or until the NRC issues a request for action by licensees

  19. Status of safety issues at licensed power plants: TMI Action Plan requirements; unresolved safety issues; generic safety issues; other multiplant action issues

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As part of ongoing US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) efforts to ensure the quality and accountability of safety issue information, the NRC established a program for publishing an annual report on the status of licensee implementation and NRC verification of safety issues in major NRC requirements areas. This information was initially compiled and reported in three NUREG-series volumes. Volume 1, published in March 1991, addressed the status of Three Mile Island (TMI) Action Plan Requirements. Volume 2, published in May 1991, addressed the status of unresolved safety issues (USIs). Volume 3, published in June 1991, addressed the implementation and verification status of generic safety issues (GSIs). The first annual supplement, which combined these volumes into a single report and presented updated information as of September 30, 1991, was published in December 1991. The second annual supplement, which provided updated information as of September 30, 1992, was published in December 1992. Supplement 2 also provided the status of licensee implementation and NRC verification of other multiplant action (MPA) issues not related to TMI Action Plan requirements, USIs, or GSIs. This third annual NUREG report, Supplement 3, presents updated information as of September 30, 1993. This report gives a comprehensive description of the implementation and verification status of TMI Action Plan requirements, safety issues designated as USIs, GSIs, and other MPAs that have been resolved and involve implementation of an action or actions by licensees. This report makes the information available to other interested parties, including the public. Additionally, this report serves as a follow-on to NUREG-0933, ''A Prioritization of Generic Safety Issues,'' which tracks safety issues until requirements are approved for imposition at licensed plants or until the NRC issues a request for action by licensees

  20. Guidelines and workbook for assessment of organization and administration of utilities seeking operating license for a nuclear power plant. Guidelines for utility organization and administration plan. Volume 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thurber, J.A.; Olson, J.; Osborn, R.N.; Sommers, P.; Widrig, R.D.

    1985-08-01

    The Guidelines are intended to provide guidance to the user in preparing a written plan for a proposed nuclear organization and administration. The Guidelines allow for individual approaches to organizational structures to account for differences in plant size, number of operating units, number of plant sites, and the individual utility approach to providing technical support. These unique approaches, however, should meet the criteria of a reasoned, fully developed, and logically consistent focus on the user's organization in terms of organization of work, policies and procedures, staffing, and external relationships.

  1. A two-stage planning and control model toward Economically Adapted Power Distribution Systems using analytical hierarchy processes and fuzzy optimization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schweickardt, Gustavo [Instituto de Economia Energetica, Fundacion Bariloche, Centro Atomico Bariloche - Pabellon 7, Av. Bustillo km 9500, 8400 Bariloche (Argentina); Miranda, Vladimiro [INESC Porto, Instituto de Engenharia de Sistemas e Computadores do Porto and FEUP, Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto, R. Dr. Roberto Frias, 378, 4200-465 Porto (Portugal)

    2009-07-15

    This work presents a model to evaluate the Distribution System Dynamic De-adaptation respecting its planning for a given period of Tariff Control. The starting point for modeling is brought about by the results from a multi-criteria method based on Fuzzy Dynamic Programming and on Analytic Hierarchy Processes applied in a mid/short-term horizon (stage 1). Then, the decision-making activities using the Hierarchy Analytical Processes will allow defining, for a Control of System De-adaptation (stage 2), a Vector to evaluate the System Dynamic Adaptation. It is directly associated to an eventual series of inbalances that take place during its evolution. (author)

  2. FY2005 Progress Summary and FY2006 Program Plan Statement of Work and Deliverables for Development of High Average Power Diode-Pumped Solid State Lasers, and Complementary Technologies, for Applications in Energy and Defense

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ebbers, C

    2006-03-24

    The primary focus this year was to operate the system with two amplifiers populated with and pumped by eight high power diode arrays. The system was operated for extended run periods which enabled average power testing of components, diagnostics, and controls. These tests were highly successful, with a demonstrated energy level of over 55 joules for 4 cumulative hours at a repetition rate of 10 Hz (average power 0.55 kW). In addition, high average power second harmonic generation was demonstrated, achieving 227 W of 523.5 nm light (22.7 J, 10 Hz, 15 ns, 30 minutes) Plans to achieve higher energy levels and average powers are in progress. The dual amplifier system utilizes a 4-pass optical arrangement. The Yb:S-FAP slabs were mounted in aerodynamic aluminum vane structures to allow turbulent helium gas flow across the faces. Diagnostic packages that monitored beam performance were deployed during operation. The laser experiments involved injecting a seed beam from the front end into the system and making four passes through both amplifiers. Beam performance diagnostics monitored the beam on each pass to assess system parameters such as gain and nearfield intensity profiles. This year, an active mirror and wavefront sensor were procured and demonstrated in an off-line facility. The active mirror technology can correct for low order phase distortions at user specified operating conditions (such as repetition rates different than 10 Hz) and is a complementary technology to the static phase plates used in the system for higher order distortions. A picture of the laser system with amplifier No.2 (foreground) and amplifier No.1 (background) is shown in Fig. 1.0.1.1. The control system and diagnostics were recently enhanced for faster processing and allow remote operation of the system. The growth and fabrication of the Yb:S-FAP slabs constituted another major element of our program objectives. Our goal was to produce at least fourteen 4x6 cm2 crystalline slabs. These

  3. 含分布式发电接入的农村电网多目标规划%Multi-objective planning of rural power network incorporating distributed generation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐巍; 薄博; 丛鹏伟; 吕涛

    2013-01-01

      分布式发电(distributed generation,DG)接入对农村电网损耗、电压及可靠性有很大影响,为了充分发挥DG接入的经济技术效益,提出了一种多目标分布式电源规划方法。该方法以设备投资成本、系统有功损耗、停电损失及购电费用4个指标最小为目标函数,利用判断矩阵获得各目标函数权重,通过加权将多目标优化转化成单目标优化问题,采用改进遗传算法实现了DG位置及容量的优化配置。为了避免因DG可选布点太多、导致算法计算速度慢的问题,根据配电网损耗、电压及可靠性指标改善效果,提出了一种实用的确定DG候选位置的方法。IEEE33节点系统仿真结果表明,本文提出的DG规划模型和求解方法能够有效提高农村电网的投资效益和性能指标。%Access of DG to rural power network is closely related to the power energy loss, voltage quality and reliability of rural power network. Therefore, the optimal allocation of DG has important significance for economic and safe operation of rural power grid. In order to make full use of DG,a multi-objective planning method of DG in rural power network is presented in this paper, which takes location and capacity of DG as decision variables, the minimums of the equipment investment cost, system power loss, interruption cost and power purchasing cost as objective functions, power flow balances as equality constraints, maximum line current, upper and lower limit of node voltage, and capacity and quantity limit of DG as inequality constraints. The four objectives are graded according to their importance. The power loss directly reflecting the system operation economy is taken as the first grade, the equipment investment cost reflecting the planning scheme economy as the second grade, the reliability reflecting system operation safety as the third grade, and power purchasing cost as the fourth grade. The judgment matrix can be

  4. Containment integrity research program plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report presents a plan for research on the question of containment performance in postulated severe accident scenarios. It focuses on the research being performed by the Structural and Seismic Engineering Branch, Division of Engineering, Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research. Summaries of the plans for this work have previously been published in the ''Nuclear Power Plant Severe Accident Research Plan'' (NUREG-0900). This report provides an update to reflect current status. This plan provides a summary of results to date as well as an outline of planned activities and milestones to the contemplated completion of the program in FY 1989

  5. Study on Feed Line Protection Disposition Plan of All-Parallel Autotransformer Power Supply System%全并联自耦变压器供电系统馈线保护配置方案研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪琪

    2012-01-01

    根据全并联自耦变压器(AT)供电系统的特点,给出了一种可以有效减少故障影响范围的馈线保护方案,研究了每部分的保护配置以及整定计算方法,通过对牵引网不同位置短路点短路故障的分析,给出了各保护之间的时限配合关系,满足了瞬时性故障时尽快恢复供电,永久性故障时尽可能的减少停电范围,使故障线路退出运行的要求。%According to the features of all-parallel autotransformer power supply system, this paper gave a feed line protection plan which could effectively reduce coverage of fault influence and studied the method of each part's protection disposition and setting calcu- lation. Via analysis to short circuit faults of traction electric network at short circuit points of different positions, time limit coordination relation was given between each protection, meeting the requirements of recovering power supply as soon as possible at instantaneous fault, reducing power off range as less as possible at permanent fault and making fault line go from operation.

  6. 15 years of production of electric energy of the Laguna Verde power plant, its plans and future; 15 anos de produccion de energia electrica de la Central Laguna Verde, sus planes y futuro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rivera C, A. [CFE, Central Laguna Verde, Km. 42.5 Carretera Cardel-Nautla, Veracruz (Mexico)]. e-mail: arr99999@cfe.gob.mx

    2005-07-01

    In the year 2005 Laguna Verde power plant reaches 15 years of producing electric power in Mexico arriving to but of 100 million Megawatts-hour from their beginning of commercial activities. The Unit 1 that entered at July 29, 1990 and the Unit 2 at April 10, 1995, obtaining the Disposability Factors from their origin is: 84.63% in Unit 1 and 83.67% in Unit 2. The march of the X XI century gives big challenges of competition to the Laguna Verde Central, with the possible opening of the electric market to private investment, for their Goals and Objectives of a world class company, taking the evaluation system and qualification of the World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO) that promotes the Excellence in the operation of the nuclear power stations in all their partners. This Association supports the development of programs that allow the monitoring of the behavior in Safety Culture, Human fulfilment, Equipment reliability, Industrial Safety, Planning, Programming and Control, Personalized Systematic Training, and the use of the Operational experience in the daily tasks. The present work tries to explain the system of evaluation/qualification of WANO, the definition of Goals and Objectives to reach the excellence and of the programs, it will present the Program of the Reliability of Equipment with its main actions the productivity. (Author)

  7. Demand-side management energy saving potential in commercial and governmental/institutional sectors and its impact on power planning : a case study of central grid of Oman

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Malik, A.S.; Al-Khrousi, A.R.; Al-Hindi, M.; Al-Mahrouqi, Y. [Sultan Qaboos Univ., Al-Khod (Oman). College of Engineering

    2006-07-01

    The results of Demand-Side Management (DSM) energy saving potential in commercial, government and institutional sectors of Oman were presented along with an evaluation of its impact on generation capacity and energy savings. DSM was defined as electricity demand management by methods such as peak clipping, valley filling, load shifting, and strategic conservation. Peak clipping reduces electricity demand during on-peak periods of the day, thus lowering the peak demand that utilities must meet. In contrast, valley filling increases the electrical load during off-peak periods. Load shifting refers to the movement of loads from peak periods to off-peak periods without any shift in energy use. Strategic load growth aims to increase the load in the future, while strategic conservation aims to decrease the load in the future without any shift in demand to another time. The purpose of DSM is to influence the amount or timing of customers' energy use. It has a positive environmental outlook and provides the best solution between load growth and increasing constraints on new and existing generation, transmission and distribution capacity. Resource options for DSM include energy efficiency options, such as energy efficient appliances, lighting, high efficiency heating, ventilating and air conditioning. Other options include load management and tariffs such as time-of-use incentives. The goal of electricity planning is to meet the load forecast with high reliability at a minimum cost. DSM economic energy savings potential is worked out from both the customer point of view and the electric utility's point of view. The study showed that the use of DSM in commercial and government sectors is economically justified from the customer point of view. DSM programs in the government and commercial sectors reduced the energy consumption to 21 and 38 per cent respectively. The discounted payback period of investment in efficient lighting and air-conditioning was between 4

  8. Nuclear power prospects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A survey of the nuclear power needs of the less-developed countries and a study of the technology and economics of small and medium scale power reactors are envisioned by the General Conference. Agency makes its services available to Member States to assist them for their future nuclear power plans, and in particular in studying the technical and economic aspects of their power programs. The Agency also undertakes general studies on the economics of nuclear power, including the collection and analysis of cost data, in order to assist Member States in comparing and forecasting nuclear power costs in relation to their specific situations

  9. Status of safety issues at licensed power plants: TMI Action Plan requirements, unresolved safety issues, generic safety issues, other multiplant action issues

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report is to provide a comprehensive description of the implementation and verification status of Three Mile Island (TMI) Action Plan requirements, safety issues designated as Unresolved Safety Issues (USIs), Generic Safety Issues(GSIs), and other Multiplant Actions (MPAs) that have been resolved and involve implementation of an action or actions by licensees. This report makes the information available to other interested parties, including the public. An additional purpose of this NUREG report is to serve as a follow-on to NUREG-0933, ''A Prioritization of Generic Safety Issues,'' which tracks safety issues up until requirements are approved for imposition at licensed plants or until the NRC issues a request for action by licensees

  10. GIS as a practical and powerful tool for gas pipeline design and planning; GIS como ferramenta pratica e poderosa para projeto e planejamento de gasodutos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, Sidney P. [PETROBRAS S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2005-07-01

    Gas pipeline design and planning requires the management of huge quantity of information related to environmental, socio-economic and engineering data. To optimize the design process and guarantee a high level of quality and reliability a GIS solution was implemented that proved to be worth taking and adopted the state of the art of the technology available in the market. This paper will present the GIS solution implemented at PETROBRAS Gas and Energy based on APDM, a pipeline data model that is a result of a joint work that has been developed by specialized worldwide oil and gas companies. Two applications developed in house will also be presented, one is the application called Scenario Builder that is related to gas pipeline thermo-hydraulic simulation fully integrated with GIS technology and the other is called Project Viewer that provides different ways of having quick access and visualization of the existing and ongoing projects. (author)

  11. Magnetic Fusion Program Plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Plan reflects the present conditions of the energy situation and is consistent with national priorities for the support of basic and applied research. It is realistic in taking advantage of the technical position that the United States has already established in fusion research to make cost-effective progress toward the development of fusion power as a future energy option

  12. Compliance plan for PG and E geysers unit 16

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-03-01

    A plan is described to establish a monitoring system to assure that the geothermal power plant is constructed and operated in compliance with air and water quality, public health and safety, and other applicable regulations, guidelines, and conditions of the California Energy Commission. The plan is divided into: a Power Plant Compliance Plan and a Transmission Line Compliance Plan. (MHR)

  13. Joint US/Russian study on the development of a decommissioning strategy plan for RBMK-1000 unit No. 1 at the Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-01

    The objective of this joint U.S./Russian study was to develop a safe, technically feasible, economically acceptable strategy for decommissioning Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant (LNPP) Unit No. 1 as a representative first-generation RBMK-1000 reactor. The ultimate goal in developing the decommissioning strategy was to select the most suitable decommissioning alternative and end state, taking into account the socioeconomic conditions, the regulatory environment, and decommissioning experience in Russia. This study was performed by a group of Russian and American experts led by Kurchatov Institute for the Russian efforts and by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. efforts and for the overall project.

  14. Photovoltaic power: a new perspective for energetic planning, using different analysis criteria; Energia fotovoltaica: uma nova perspectiva para o planejamento energetico, usando criterios diferenciados de analise.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lacchini, Corrado [Universidade Luterana do Brasil (ULBRA), Gravatai, RS (Brazil). Fac. de Administracao; Santos, Joao Carlos Vernetti [Universidade Luterana do Brasil (ULBRA), Canoas, RS (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia Eletrica

    2010-07-01

    This article proposes a comparison between photovoltaic and coal fired power plants for electrical energy generation, based on coal reserves in the State of Rio Grande do Sul. Costs associated to the two technologies are compared and considerations are made to costs for prevention and compensation of air, soil and water pollution generated from coal burning, and to funding alternatives with carbon credits that would help the installment of a non pollutant technology. Considering the decreasing trend of the cost of photovoltaic watt, a suggestion for initial financing and limited support is presented, similar to what the European countries make, covering the infant period of the photovoltaic technology in Brazil. (author)

  15. Safety Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Swan Lake National Wildlife Refuge Safety Plan discusses policies for the safety of the station employees, volunteers, and public. This plan seeks to identify...

  16. Planning Diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabel, Medard

    1984-01-01

    To solve societal problems, both local and global, a global approach is needed. Serious diseases that are crippling present-day problem solving and planning are discussed, and the characteristics of a healthy, effective planning approach are described. (RM)

  17. Marketing plan

    OpenAIRE

    Hejňáková, Renata

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this bachelor's work is an exemplification applicability individual aspects of marketing planning Y company in the conclusion is drown a marketing plan up with advising action programs for year 2014. The theoretical part is defined by marketing and stadium of marketing planning using descriptive models and comparison technical literature. At the conclusion is drown a marketing plan up. The practical part is made on the base of gained information by semistructured interview with a m...

  18. 改进仿电磁学算法在多目标电网规划中的应用%Application of Improved Electromagnetism-Like Mechanism in Multi-Objective Power Network Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付锦; 周步祥; 王学友; 林楠; 刘金华

    2012-01-01

    Based on electromagnetism-like mechanism (ELM) algorithm, a high fault-tolerant method for multi-objective power network planning is proposed. To enhance the performance of ELM algorithm, its global search ability of the basic model is improved by introducing the idea of passive congregation in. The measures such as adaptive weight, adaptive variation and elitist strategy are adopted to improve the convergence of ELM algorithm. For the power network planning in which the generation planning, substation locations and load demand are known, the multi-objective function reflecting economy and reliability index of power network is turned into single objective model to solve the minimum cost of network planning. Applying decimal coding to a 18-bus system, calculation results show that the proposed algorithm can effectively solve such a large-scale combinatorial optimization problem containing discrete variables and improve the overall satisfaction of the planning scheme. Comparison of simulation results from genetic algorithm and basic ELM algorithm show that the improved ELM algorithm possesses obvious advantages in search efficiency and fanlt-tolerance.%提出基于仿电磁学(electromagnetism—like mechanism,ELM)算法的高容错性多目标电网规划方法。为提升算法的性能,引入被动聚集思想对基本模型的全局寻优能力进行了改善。采用自适应权重、自适应变异和精英策略等措施来改善仿电磁学算法的收敛性。针对电源规划、变电站布点和负荷需求均已知的电网规划,将反映电网经济性和可靠性指标的多目标函数转化为求电网规划最小耗费的单目标模型。对一个18节点系统进行了十进制编码,计算结果证明了该算法能有效地解决电网规划这类含离散变量的大规模组合优化问题和提高规划方案的综合满意度。通过与遗传算法、基本ELM的仿真对比,改进的ELM模型在寻优效率和容错性方面具有明显优势。

  19. A Planning Method of Distributed Combined Heat and Power Generator Based on Generalized Benders Decomposition%基于广义Benders分解的分布式热电联供机组规划方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨艳红; 裴玮; 屈慧; 肖浩; 齐智平

    2014-01-01

    In the distributed heat and power system,customers need to optimally select the generator composition and the dispatch plan that can reduce the introducing cost and carbon-dioxide emissions.So in the programming stage,they should also consider the heat and power load in the area and the candidate of generator,while considering the operation situation.A subtle mathematical programming model with the target of minimizing the system cost is proposed,with an overview of the initial investment of combined heat and power generator and its combined benefits when in the simulative operation mode.In the planning model,there exist a lot of integer variables and the fact that the model itself is nonlinear.The generalized Benders decomposition method is used for its solution.The results of an example program and simulation analysis show that the proposed method can more accurately calculate the type and number of combined heat and power generators,and the system can yield better economic benefits.%在分布式热电联供系统中,用户需要优化选择机组组合和系统运行方案,这样可以使得生产成本最小,减少二氧化碳的排放。为此,分布式热电联供机组的规划需要综合考虑热负荷、电负荷和可选的机组方案,以及系统未来的运行情况。在综合考虑了热电联供机组的初始投资及其模拟运行时组合效益的基础上,建立了以系统等年值费用最小为目标的精细化数学规划模型。在规划模型中,存在大量的整数变量,同时模型本身是非线性的,应用广义 Benders 分解方法对该模型进行了求解。通过算例的规划与仿真分析,表明所述方法可以更加准确地规划出热电机组的类型及台数,系统能够取得更佳的经济效益。

  20. Fire Plans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Power, June

    2011-01-01

    Many libraries have disaster recovery plans, but not all have prevention and action plans to prepare for an emergency in advance. This article presents the author's review of the prevention and action plans of several libraries: (1) Evergreen State College; (2) Interlochen Public Library; (3) University of Maryland, Baltimore-Marshall Law Library;…

  1. Business plan

    OpenAIRE

    Monakov, Victor

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this bachelor's thesis is to prepare a business plan for web design courses in Prague and feasibility & efficiency evaluation of this type of business. In the theoretical part of my bachelor's thesis, I focus on important terms, structure and aspects of a business plan. In the practical part, I apply theoretical knowledge and create a real business plan.

  2. Systemic Planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leleur, Steen

    , business and other fields, and it is useful for all professionals, across a wide range of employment areas, who share an interest in renewing planning practice. Such an endeavour is seen as both important and timely, recognising that many complex planning tasks necessitate organisations – be they public...... or private – to engage in planning to prepare proactive decision-making....

  3. A heuristic model for planning problem solution of reactive in electric power systems; Um modelo heuristico para solucao do problema de planejamento de reativos em sistemas de energia eletrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mantovani, Jose Roberto Sanches

    1995-02-01

    This work introduces a model to solve the planning problem of reactive in electric power systems. The proposed method uses mixed integer linear programming and is solved using implicit enumeration (binary search). The special heuristics to reduce candidates' initial set and to obtain discreet solutions are adopted. They were going accomplished two algorithm implementations, one sequential and other parallel. The implementation parallel uses an asynchronous programming model and is adjusted for distributed memory computer. Defined a bars candidates set for the new reactive sources allocation, the developed program supplies the location and the reactive sources magnitude that must be allocated in the system, considering safety and operation restrictions. The implementation parallel performance is evaluated for three real systems of 309, 725 and 810 bars. The results for the test systems IEEE30 and IEEE118, and the three real systems used in the implementation parallel evaluation are also presented.

  4. Spatial planning of wind turbines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-01-01

    This paper proposes guidelines for spatial planning for wind power, based on experience with spatial planning in Belgium, Denmark, France and the Netherlands. In addition experiences from Germany and Ireland have been used. This guidelines quotes all decisive criteria for successful implementation of wind energy: landscape integration, stakeholders involvement, noise and distance from buildings. (author)

  5. 考虑电量分布及行驶里程的高速公路充电站规划%Planning of charging stations on highway considering power distribution and driving mileage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛少云; 冯亮; 刘洪; 王龙

    2013-01-01

    针对高速公路的车流情况和充电需求特点,构建了高速公路充电站的规划模型.该模型考虑了电动汽车的电量分布和行驶里程的影响,以高速公路中到充电站充电的电动汽车的数量期望值最大化为目标来进行充电站的站址选择,以充电站的服务成本和顾客的等待费用之和最小为目标来优化配置充电站的充电机台数,并利用排队论原理分析了充电站的服务水平和运行效率.最后通过算例验证了该规划模型的可行性和有效性.%According to the traffic condition and power charging demand of highway,a planning model of charging stations on highway is established,which considers the influences of the power distribution and driving mileage of electric vehicles,takes the maximum expectation of electric vehicles coming to charging station as the objective of station location planning,takes the minimum total cost of station service and customer waiting time as the objective of charger quantity per station,and applies the queuing theory to analyze the service level and operational efficiency of charging station.The feasibility and effectiveness of the model are verified by case study.

  6. 基于ArcGIS Engine的电力规划数据可视化管理系统研究%Research of Power Planning Data Visualization Management System Based on ArcGIS Engine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付仲良; 逯跃锋; 吴庆双

    2012-01-01

    设计并实现了插入式电力规划数据可视化管理系统,系统采用插入应用程序框架,并结合ArcGIS Engine进行开发实现.数据录入采用主从表数据录入模式,融合了CIS的通用功能,建立图形工作站,实现数据的图形可视化管理;对数据引入双重关联验证机制保证空间和属性数据的一致性,而数据检验运用基于关联规则的校验方法,确保录入数据的准确性.运用该系统完成了对全国电力规划数据的收集整理,并且已经运用到全国电力规划系统中.%It has designed and realized plug-in power planning data visualization management system,which adopted the plug-in application frame and combined with ArcGIS Engine for development to achieve. The data record enter has adopted a principal and subordinate to express the data record enter pattern, fused GIS functions being applied or used universally, builded graphic workstation and realized the data graphical visualization management;The double verification mechanism ensures the consistency of spatial and attribute data,and the calibration method based on association rules is used to ensure the accuracy of data input. The system has successfully collected the national electricity planning data,and has applied to the national electricity planning system.

  7. Optimal planning of co-firing alternative fuels with coal in a power plant by grey nonlinear mixed integer programming model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ko, Andi Setiady; Chang, Ni-Bin

    2008-07-01

    Energy supply and use is of fundamental importance to society. Although the interactions between energy and environment were originally local in character, they have now widened to cover regional and global issues, such as acid rain and the greenhouse effect. It is for this reason that there is a need for covering the direct and indirect economic and environmental impacts of energy acquisition, transport, production and use. In this paper, particular attention is directed to ways of resolving conflict between economic and environmental goals by encouraging a power plant to consider co-firing biomass and refuse-derived fuel (RDF) with coal simultaneously. It aims at reducing the emission level of sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) in an uncertain environment, using the power plant in Michigan City, Indiana as an example. To assess the uncertainty by a comparative way both deterministic and grey nonlinear mixed integer programming (MIP) models were developed to minimize the net operating cost with respect to possible fuel combinations. It aims at generating the optimal portfolio of alternative fuels while maintaining the same electricity generation simultaneously. To ease the solution procedure stepwise relaxation algorithm was developed for solving the grey nonlinear MIP model. Breakeven alternative fuel value can be identified in the post-optimization stage for decision-making. Research findings show that the inclusion of RDF does not exhibit comparative advantage in terms of the net cost, albeit relatively lower air pollution impact. Yet it can be sustained by a charge system, subsidy program, or emission credit as the price of coal increases over time. PMID:17395362

  8. Analysis of Highly Wind Power Integrated Power System model performance during Critical Weather conditions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Basit, Abdul; Hansen, Anca Daniela; Sørensen, Poul Ejnar;

    2014-01-01

    . For this purpose, the power system model has been developed that represents the relevant dynamic features of power plants and compensates for power imbalances caused by the forecasting error during critical weather conditions. The regulating power plan, as an input time series for the developed power system model......Secure power system operation of a highly wind power integrated power system is always at risk during critical weather conditions, e.g. in extreme high winds. The risk is even higher when 50% of the total electricity consumption has to be supplied by wind power, as the case for the future Danish......, is provided by the hour-ahead power balancing model, i.e. Simulation power Balancing model (SimBa. The regulating power plan is prepared from day-ahead power production plan and hour-ahead wind power forecast. The wind power (forecasts and available) are provided by the Correlated Wind power fluctuations (Cor...

  9. Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning and Conservation Act : Legislative History of the Act to Assist the Electrical Consumers of the Pacific Northwest through use of the Federal Columbia River Power System to Achieve Cost-Effective Energy Conservation : P.L. 96-501, 94 Stat. 2697.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1981-01-01

    The Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning and Conservation Act became effective when it was signed into law by President Carter on December 5, 1980. This ended a four-year debate over legislation designed to plan and coordinate the region's energy future. This legislative history is an abbreviated version taken from the larger historical file maintained by the BPA Law Library. It is intended to assist BPA personnel and others who are studying the Northwest Power Act and working on its implementation. The documents included were selected for their value in determining what Congress meant in enacting the statute and to provide the researcher with a starting point for further investigation. These documents include: a history of the Act, a chronology of the legislative action leading to passage of the law; a section-by-section analysis of the Act; the Congressional Records of Senate and House debates on the bill and its amendments, and a list of Congressional committee hearings.

  10. Exposition and evaluation of scenarios for the planning of the national power sector; Planteamiento y evaluacion de escenarios para la planeacion del sector energetico nacional

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gutierrez R, Ranulfo; Flores L, Marco P; Gonzalez Santalo, Jose M; Sanchez H, Laura E; Castrejon B, David; Porras L, Gladys L; Lopez A, Esmeralda; Lima R, Deytia [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca, Morelos (Mexico)

    2006-07-01

    In this article the Model of Optimization of Provision and Distribution of Electricity and Fuels is described, which is the analysis tool used by the responsible national organisms to cover the national demand of fuels and electricity for the accomplishment of studies that provide support elements in the exposition of policies covering the national demands, simultaneously diminishing the cost and reducing the environmental impact. This tool determines the combination of technologies and fuels that imply the smaller cost for the country at the time of covering the energy demands. This document extends on the analytical resources and planning that serve as a base to the Model and on its complements, such as risk estimations facing each investment alternative. All this with the purpose of providing more reliable information to the decision maker group in the matter of energy policies. [Spanish] En este articulo se describe el Modelo de Optimizacion de Suministro y Distribucion de Electricidad y Combustibles, que es la herramienta de analisis empleada por los organismos nacionales responsables de cubrir la demanda nacional de combustibles y electricidad para la realizacion de estudios que proporcionen elementos de apoyo en el planteamiento de politicas que cubran las demandas nacionales, al mismo tiempo que minimicen el costo y reduzcan el impacto ambiental. Esta herramienta determina la combinacion de tecnologias y combustibles que impliquen el menor costo para el pais al momento de cubrir las demandas de energeticos. Este documento amplia sobre los recursos analiticos y planeaciones que sirven de base al modelo y sobre sus complementos, como estimaciones de riesgo frente a cada alternativa de inversion. Todo esto con el fin de suministrar informacion mas confiable al grupo que toma las decisiones en materia de politicas energeticas.

  11. 计及缺电成本的用户侧蓄电池储能系统容量规划%Capacity Plan of Battery Energy Storage System in User Side Considering Power Outage Cost

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜志敏; 王承民; 连鸿波; 衣涛; 时志雄; 张宇

    2012-01-01

    Based on the relevant studies, in order to bring the battery energy storage system economical benefits in the user side caused by reducing capacity of user's distribution station and decreasing the power expenses for user, a value model for reducing loss of the transformer and power outage cost is built. In the mean time, considering the investment cost and operation and maintenance cost, the capacity optimization plan model for user' s battery energy storage system is developed and particle swarm optimization algorithm is used to solve it.%在相关研究的基础上,考虑了用户侧电池储能系统在减少用户配电站建设容量和降低购电费用方面为用户带来的经济价值,建立了其降低配电变压器损耗和停电损失的价值模型。同时,考虑蓄电池储能系统的投资成本和运行维护成本,建立了其容量优化规划模型,并用粒子群优化算法进行了求解。

  12. Multi-stage Planning Optimization for Power Distribution Network Based on LCC and Improved PSO%基于LCC和改进粒子群算法的配电网多阶段网架规划优化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏海锋; 张建华; 梁志瑞; 牛胜锁

    2013-01-01

    市场环境下,配电网规划方案全寿命周期经济性变得越来越重要.基于设备全寿命周期成本建立了配电网多阶段网架及开关布置规划新模型,模型同时考虑了规划方案初始投资、运行维护成本、停电成本、报废成本;在满足各阶段负荷发展需求的条件下,以规划项目全寿命周期经济性最优为目标函数确定不同支路的建设时间;建立了配电网停电成本计算模型,该模型反映了停电频率、停电持续时间及停电电量对停电成本的综合影响.提出一种将均值聚类与随机粒子群算法相结合的改进离散粒子群算法对上述模型进行求解,该算法克服了基本粒子群算法的“早熟”问题.该规划方法使得规划方案不仅满足全寿命周期经济性最优,而且兼顾一定的可靠性水平.规划实例验证了上述模型和方法的正确性和有效性.%The life cycle economy of the power distribution network planning scheme is becoming more and more important in power markets. The new model of the distribution network multi-stage planning and the configuration of switches based on the life cycle cost (LCC) of equipment was presented. The initial investment, operation and maintenance cost, outage cost and disposal cost of planning scheme were considered. According to the development of the load, the construction time of the distribution feeders can be decided based on the optimal LCC. The function of fault cost was built, and the function reflected the comprehensive effect of the frequency, duration and quantity of outage to the fault cost. The improved algorithm based on the combined mean clustering algorithm and random particle swarm algorithm was presented. The new algorithm's global searching capability was improved. The distribution network planning method based on LCC is not only reliable, but also the most economical. The new model is feasible and practical by a realistic planning project.

  13. The Kuroshio power plant

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Falin

    2013-01-01

    By outlining a new design or the Kuroshio power plant, new approaches to turbine design, anchorage system planning, deep sea marine engineering and power plant operations and maintenance are explored and suggested. The impact on the local environment, particularly in the face of natural disasters, is also considered to provide a well rounded introduction to plan and build a 30MW pilot power plant. Following a literature review, the six chapters of this book propose a conceptual design by focusing on the plant's core technologies and establish the separate analysis logics for turbine design and

  14. Business Plan

    OpenAIRE

    Neterda, Karel

    2012-01-01

    The objective of the diploma thesis is aimed at business plan for real estate agency. Theoretical part of the thesis focuses on basic definitions regarding new company establishment. As follows: business laws, legal form of companies, business grants and structure of the business plan. Practical part describes a business plan for real estate agency and evaluate the business environment and current competition through these methods: Porter Five Force Model, SWOT -- and PEST analyses. Further, ...

  15. Business plan

    OpenAIRE

    Bekesheva, Karina

    2013-01-01

    This Bachelor`s thesis is a business plan of the event agency. It consists of two parts: theoretical and practical. Theoretical part is based on theory from books and other re-sources. In theoretical part there are some definitions about entrepreneurship, business plan and some strategic analyses tools. In addition, it includes the history of entrepre-neurship in Kazakhstan. Practical part is focused on creation the business plan. It in-volves some external and internal analyses, marketing st...

  16. 18 CFR 801.5 - Comprehensive plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Comprehensive plan. 801... POLICIES § 801.5 Comprehensive plan. (a) The Compact requires that the Commission formulate and adopt a comprehensive plan for the immediate and long-range development and use of the water resources of the basin....

  17. Electric power industry in China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zisheng Jiang [Ministry of Electric Power, Beijing (China). Bureau of Electric Power Machinery

    1995-07-01

    This document presents the status of the electric power in China, highlighting the following aspects: recent achievement, electricity increased sharing in the total energy consumption, technical economic indexes, nuclear power, renewable energy sources, rural electrification, transmission and power network, transmission lines and substations, present status and development trends for power network, regulation of power system dispatching, power system communication. The document also presents the future developing plan, approaching the outlook and strategy, development targets of the electric power industry and the administrative system reforming of the electric power industry.

  18. Fast Decoupled Power Flow for Power System with High Voltage Direct Current Transmission Line System

    OpenAIRE

    Prechanon Kumkratug

    2010-01-01

    Problem statement: High voltage direct current transmission line system has been widely applied for control power flow in power system. The power flow analysis was the one of powerful tools by which the power system equipped was analyzed both for planning and operation strategies. Approach: This study presented the method to analyze power flow of power system consisted of HVDC system. HVDC was modeled as the complex power injections. The presented complex power injected was incorporated into ...

  19. Steel Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China releases a new plan for the iron and steel industry centered on industrial upgrades The new 12th Five-Year Plan (2011-15) for China’s iron and steel industry, recently released on the website of the Ministry of Industry and Information

  20. Test plan :

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dwyer, Stephen F.

    2013-05-01

    This test plan is a document that provides a systematic approach to the planned testing of rooftop structures to determine their actual load carrying capacity. This document identifies typical tests to be performed, the responsible parties for testing, the general feature of the tests, the testing approach, test deliverables, testing schedule, monitoring requirements, and environmental and safety compliance.

  1. Planning under uncertainties; Planejamento sob incertezas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gorenstin, Boris Garbati; Novella, Pedro di; Costa, Joari Paulo da [Centro de Pesquisas de Energia Eletrica, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Paciomik, Newton [ELETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    1995-12-31

    This article presents a methodology for planning the expansion of interconnected hydro-thermal power generation systems considering uncertainty factors. Its utilization implies in structural changes in the planning process which begins to make use of expansion strategies instead of the traditional expansion plans. The main characteristics of such methodology are presented and an example of its application to the Brazilian power system is given 1 ref., 2 figs., 4 tabs.

  2. Estimation of power system variability due to wind power

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Papaefthymiou, G.; Verboomen, J.; Van der Sluis, L.

    2007-01-01

    The incorporation of wind power generation to the power system leads to an increase in the variability of the system power flows. The assessment of this variability is necessary for the planning of the necessary system reinforcements. For the assessment of this variability, the uncertainty in the sy

  3. 78 FR 46616 - Virginia Electric and Power Company; North Anna Power Station, Units 1 and 2; Surry Power Station...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    ... COMMISSION Virginia Electric and Power Company; North Anna Power Station, Units 1 and 2; Surry Power Station... Operating License Nos. DPR-32 and DPR-37, issued to Virginia Electric and Power Company (the licensee), for... the Emergency Plan, ``Conditions of licenses,'' for North Anna Power Station, Units 1 and 2...

  4. Planificación de la Operación de Corto Plazo de Sistemas de Energía Termoeléctrica con Restricciones Ambientales Short-Term Operational Planning of Thermoelectric Power Systems with Environmental Constraints

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João P Catalão

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo estudia el problema de la planificación de la operación de corto plazo de sistemas de energía termoeléctrica con restricciones ambientales. Las crecientes preocupaciones ambientales para limitar las emisiones de gases con efecto de estufa llevaron a la elaboración del Protocolo de Kyoto, introduciendo nuevas restricciones en la operación de los sistemas de energía termoeléctrica. Las herramientas tradicionales de apoyo a la decisión deben ser adaptadas a esta nueva coyuntura. El problema consiste en la determinación del plan de acoplamiento de las unidades y del perfil de producción mas adecuado para cada unidad térmica acoplada a lo largo del horizonte temporal. Para su solución, se considera un método de optimización basado en programación dinámica y programación no lineal, y se desarrolla un nuevo sistema de apoyo a la decisión en lenguaje Fortran que considera simultáneamente los costos de los combustibles y las emisiones. Se presentan y se discuten resultados de la simulación computacional a un caso prácticoThis paper analyzes the problem of short-term operational planning of thermoelectric power systems with environmental constraints. The growing worldwide environmental concern to limit emission of greenhouse gases led to the Kyoto Protocol, introducing new constraints in the operation of thermoelectric power systems. The traditional tools that aid decision making must be adapted to this new framework. The problem consist of deciding the commitment of the units and the optimal generation profile for each thermal unit committed throughout the time horizon. For its solution, an optimization method based on dynamic programming and non-linear programming is considered, building a new decision support system in Fortran language which simultaneously considers fuel costs and emissions. The results of the computational simulation applied to a practical case are show and discussed

  5. Carbon Capture Systems Optimal Allocation Scheme for Multi-stage Emission Reduction Planning in Power Plants%基于多阶段减排规划的发电厂碳捕集系统优化配置

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢志刚; 夏明昭; 张晓辉

    2011-01-01

    According to the requirements of the carbon dioxide emission reduction planning and taking full account of the progressive and uncertainty of the development of the current carbon dioxide capture and storage technology (CCS), a model of emission reduction planning in power plants with the goal to minimum general expenses was developed. By introducing technology readiness level factor and considering the future changes in power plants operation parameters, the progressive and uncertainty of the CCS technology were quantified. Emission reduction index of the carbon capture systems was decomposition by the rate of technological progress. An algorithm based on the discrete bacterial colony chemotaxis (DBCC) was used to solve this problem, the optimal allocation and investment strategy of carbon capture systems under different emission reduction scenarios was obtained by the simulation analysis on the practical example. Finally, the impact of different factors on the mitigation costs in different emission reduction scenarios was obtained by sensitivity analysis. The results demonstrate the effectiveness of the model and the optimization algorithm.%根据二氧化碳减排规划的要求,并充分考虑目前二氧化碳捕集和封存(carbon capture and storage,CCS)技术发展的阶段性与不确定性,建立以阶段综合费用最小为目标函数的发电厂减排规划模型。引入技术成熟度因子,并考虑到发电厂运行参数未来的变化,将CCS技术的阶段性与不确定因素进行量化,依据技术进步率对碳捕集系统减排指标进行分解。采用离散细菌群体趋药性算法(discrete bacterial colony chemotaxis,DBCC)进行求解,通过对实际算例的方针分析,得到系统在不同减排场景下的碳捕集系统最优配置方案与碳捕集系统投资策略。最后通过灵敏度分析得到在不同减排场景下各因素对减排成本的影响。结果证明了所提模型以及

  6. Power distribution network planning based on risk assessment and improved ant colony algorithm%基于风险度评价和改进蚁群算法的配电网网架规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李思; 宋珺琤; 沙立成

    2009-01-01

    提出一种基于风险度评价和改进蚁群算法的配电网灵活规划方法.将规划年的预测负荷、电价及导线价格等参数的变化由原来的离散状态转变为多场景区间,从而将电网规划中的单一不确定性问题转化为多个确定性问题.在求解不确定性问题时,提出一种基于云模型的改进蚁群算法,通过定性关联规则推理对蚁群算法中信息素参数ρ和信息素强度Q进行定性控制和动态选取,根据算法进化情况自适应更新支路信息素,有效克服了传统蚁群算法易陷入局部最优解及收敛速度慢的问题.应用改进蚁群算法,依次获得各个场景的规划方案,并以风险度最小为标准确定鲁棒性最优的规划方案,实现电网的灵活规划.算例分析验证了所提方法的有效性.%An "algorithm of power distribution network flexible planning was proposed based on risk assessment and improved ant colony algorithm. The parameters of object year, such as load, electrovalence, lead price were changed from discrete state to a section of multi-scenario. The uncertainty problem of planning was changed into several confirmed problems. An adaptive ant colony algorithm based on cloud model was presented. The parameters ρ and Q of ant colony algorithm are qualitatively controlled and dynamically selected by employing the uncertain qualitative association rule inference based on cloud modeL The pheromone of branches is adaptive updated according to the process of the algorithm. The adaptive algorithm overcomes the main disadvantage of being inclined to local convergence and slow convergence speed of traditional ant colony algorithm. The adaptive algorithm is applied in confirmed distribution network structure planning. The scheme of each scenario was obtained and the optimum robust planning scheme was made with considering the minimum cost expectation scheme. Then the distribution network flexible planning could be realized. The instance

  7. 1996 power development program (1996-2005)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-09-01

    The Power Development Program sets out the Philippine`s total plan for meeting future requirements through the coordinated addition of required generation and transmission facilities for 1996 and 2005. Chapters cover: electric power industry; power demand projection; energy resource options; generation plan; island interconnections; transmission expansion; capital investment requirements; and long-term program (2006-2025).

  8. 78 FR 48185 - Notice of Intent To Contract for Hydroelectric Power Development on the San Juan-Chama Project...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-07

    ... power produced at the proposed hydropower facility; (4) the marketing plan for the power produced at the... developing an individual marketing plan for this power. This marketing plan would be developed through a... market the power. The marketing plan would include all aspects of marketing the power,...

  9. Overview paper on nuclear power

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Spiewak, I.; Cope, D.F.

    1980-09-01

    This paper was prepared as an input to ORNL's Strategic Planning Activity, ORNL National Energy Perspective (ONEP). It is intended to provide historical background on nuclear power, an analysis of the mission of nuclear power, a discussion of the issues, the technology choices, and the suggestion of a strategy for encouraging further growth of nuclear power.

  10. Overview paper on nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper was prepared as an input to ORNL's Strategic Planning Activity, ORNL National Energy Perspective (ONEP). It is intended to provide historical background on nuclear power, an analysis of the mission of nuclear power, a discussion of the issues, the technology choices, and the suggestion of a strategy for encouraging further growth of nuclear power

  11. Business plan in brief. Draft

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Competition is revolutionizing the electricity industry, and utilities may never be the same. In the past two decades, government deregulation has transformed the airline, cable television, natural gas, and telecommunications industries. Now, with the passage of new laws which have spurred the growth of independent power and opened up transmission access, the electric utility industry has become the laboratory for change. Here in the Northwest, dramatic changes in the electric industry mean that the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) is facing real competition. Our customers have more choices than they had in the past. BPA's draft Business Plan is a direct response to this changing environment. The plan presents how we propose to adapt to the new competitive marketplace. This is a summary of the plan and some of the important issues it raises for regional discussion. The draft plan contains much more detail on all the topics mentioned here. Business Plan is BPA's first attempt to integrate the long-term strategic plans of the various parts of the agency with a strategic financial plan. Change is evident throughout the plan--change in our operating environment, in our strategic direction, in our customer and constituent relationships, and in BPA itself as an organization

  12. Commercial nuclear power 1989

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report presents historical data on commercial nuclear power in the United States, with projections of domestic nuclear capacity and generation through the year 2020. The report also gives country-specific projections of nuclear capacity and generation through the year 2010 for other countries in the world outside centrally planned economic areas (WOCA). Information is also presented regarding operable reactors and those under construction in countries with centrally planned economies. 39 tabs

  13. Sign Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Union Slough National Wildlife Refuge Sign Plan explains how signs are used on the Refuge to help guide and educate visitors. An inventory of current signs is...

  14. Analysis on Commutation Failures in Multi-Infeed HVDC Transmission Systems in North China and East China Power Grids Planned for UHV Power Grids in 2015%2015年特高压规划电网华北和华东地区多馈入直流输电系统的换相失败分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵瑶; 汤涌; 郭小江; 周勤勇

    2011-01-01

    基于2015年“三华”特高压规划电网的丰大运行方式,采用机电暂态仿真软件PSD-BPA,对华北、华东地区多馈入直流输电系统换相失败问题进行深入研究。研究结果表明,华北、华东地区任一直流发生单/双极闭锁故障时,均不会引起其他直流发生换相失败;华北地区大部分直流逆变站换流母线附近三永故障,不会导致其他直流换相失败;华东地区重要交流通道和逆变站换流母线附近三永故障会导致多回直流同时发生换相失败,但这些换相失败持续时间较短,直流系统能快速恢复正常运行,系统能在不采取任何措施下保持稳定;采用静止无功补偿器进行无功补偿,可有效抑制华东地区直流输电系统换相失败的发生。%Based on the summer peak load operation mode in the planning of UHV power grids in North China, Central China and East China in 2015, the commutation failures in multi-infeed HVDC transmission systems in North China and East China power grids are researched in depth by the electromechanical transient simulation software PSD-BPA. Research results show that the unipolar/bipolar blocking occurring in any DC line in North China and East China UHV power grids will not lead to commutation failure in other DC lines of these power grids; three phase-to-ground faults occurring near converter buses in majority DC inverter stations in North China power grid will not lead to commutation failure in other DC lines; three phase-to-ground faults occurring in main transmission channels of East China power grid and that occurring near the converter buses of inverter stations may lead to simultaneous commutation failures in multi DC lines. However, the durations of these ensuing commutation failures are very short, and the DC system can resume normal operation rapidly and the power grid can remain stable without taking any measures. The occurrence of commutation failures at DC

  15. Language Planning and Planned Languages: How Can Planned Languages Inform Language Planning?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Humphrey Tonkin

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The field of language planning (LP has largely ignored planned languages. Of classic descriptions of LP processes, only Tauli (preceded by Wüster suggests that planned languages (what Wüster calls Plansprache might bear on LP theory and practice. If LP aims "to modify the linguistic behaviour of some community for some reason," as Kaplan and Baldauf put it, creating a language de novo is little different. Language policy and planning are increasingly seen as more local and less official, and occasionally more international and cosmopolitan. Zamenhof's work on Esperanto provides extensive material, little studied, documenting the formation of the language and linking it particularly to issues of supranational LP. Defining LP decision-making, Kaplan & Baldauf begin with context and target population. Zamenhof's Esperanto came shortly before Ben-Yehuda's revived Hebrew. His target community was (mostly the world's educated elite; Ben-Yehuda's was worldwide Jewry. Both planners were driven not by linguistic interest but by sociopolitical ideology rooted in reaction to anti-Semitism and imbued with the idea of progress. Their territories had no boundaries, but were not imaginary. Function mattered as much as form (Haugen's terms, status as much as corpus. For Zamenhof, status planning involved emphasis on Esperanto's ownership by its community - a collective planning process embracing all speakers (cf. Hebrew. Corpus planning included a standardized European semantics, lexical selectivity based not simply on standardization but on representation, and the development of written, and literary, style. Esperanto was successful as linguistic system and community language, less as generally accepted lingua franca. Its terminology development and language cultivation offers a model for language revival, but Zamenhof's somewhat limited analysis of language economy left him unprepared to deal with language as power.

  16. A model national emergency plan for radiological accidents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The IAEA has supported several projects for the development of a national response plan for radiological emergencies. As a result, the IAEA has developed a model National Emergency Response Plan for Radiological Accidents (RAD PLAN), particularly for countries that have no nuclear power plants. This plan can be adapted for use by countries interested in developing their own national radiological emergency response plan, and the IAEA will supply the latest version of the RAD PLAN on computer diskette upon request

  17. Regional transmission subsystem planning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Costa Bortoni, Edson da [Quadrante Softwares Especializados Ltda., Itajuba, MG (Brazil); Bajay, Sergio Valdir; Barros Correia, Paulo de [Universidade Estadual de Campinas, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Engenharia Mecanica; Santos, Afonso Henriques Moreira; Haddad, Jamil [Escola Federal de Engenharia de Itajuba, MG (Brazil)

    1994-12-31

    This work presents an approach for the planning of transmission systems by employing mixed--integer linear programming to obtain a cost and operating characteristics optimized system. The voltage loop equations are written in a modified form, so that, at the end of the analysis, the model behaves as a DC power flow, with the help of the two Kirchhoff`s laws, exempting the need of interaction with an external power flow program for analysis of the line loading. The model considers the occurrence of contingencies, so that the final result is a network robust to the most severe contingencies. This whole technique is adapted to the regional electric power transmission subsystems. (author) 9 refs., 4 figs.

  18. Solar power satellite microwave transmission and reception

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dietz, R.H.

    1980-12-01

    Numerous analytical and experimental investigations related to SPS microwave power transmission and reception are reported. Aspects discussed include system performance, phase control, power amplifiers, radiating elements, rectenna, solid state configurations, and planned program activities.

  19. Preliminary design county plan Zeeland

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The preliminary design 'Streekplan Zeeland' (Country plan Zeeland, with regard to the location of additional nuclear power plants in Zeeland, the Netherlands) has passed through a consultation and participation round. Thereupon 132 reactions have been received. These have been incorporated and answered in two notes. This proposal deals with the principal points of the preliminary design and treats also the remarks of the committees Environmental (town and country) Planning (RO), Provincial (town and country) Planning Committee (PPC) and Association of Communities of Zeeland (VZG), on the reply notes. The preliminary design with the modifications, collected in appendix 3, is proposed to be the starting point in the drawing-up of the design-country-plan. This design subsequently will pass the formal country-plan procedure. (author). 1 fig

  20. Digital Architecture Planning Model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oxstrand, Johanna Helene [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program (LWRS); Al Rashdan, Ahmad Yahya Mohammad [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program (LWRS); Bly, Aaron Douglas [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program (LWRS); Rice, Brandon Charles [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program (LWRS); Fitzgerald, Kirk [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program (LWRS); Wilson, Keith Leon [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program (LWRS)

    2016-03-01

    As part of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program, the Digital Architecture (DA) Project focuses on providing a model that nuclear utilities can refer to when planning deployment of advanced technologies. The digital architecture planning model (DAPM) is the methodology for mapping power plant operational and support activities into a DA that unifies all data sources needed by the utilities to operate their plants. The DA is defined as a collection of information technology capabilities needed to support and integrate a wide spectrum of real-time digital capabilities for performance improvements of nuclear power plants. DA can be thought of as integration of the separate instrumentation and control and information systems already in place in nuclear power plants, which are brought together for the purpose of creating new levels of automation in plant work activities. A major objective in DAPM development was to survey all key areas that needed to be reviewed in order for a utility to make knowledgeable decisions regarding needs and plans to implement a DA at the plant. The development was done in two steps. First, researchers surveyed the nuclear industry in order to learn their near-term plans for adopting new advanced capabilities and implementing a network (i.e., wireless and wire) infrastructure throughout the plant, including the power block. Secondly, a literature review covering regulatory documents, industry standards, and technical research reports and articles was conducted. The objective of the review was to identify key areas to be covered by the DAPM, which included the following: 1. The need for a DA and its benefits to the plant 2. Resources required to implement the DA 3. Challenges that need to be addressed and resolved to implement the DA 4. Roles and responsibilities of the DA implementation plan. The DAPM was developed based on results from the survey and the literature review. Model development, including