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Sample records for avallone theodore baumeister

  1. On Social Psychology and Human Nature: An Interview with Roy Baumeister

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, Natalie Kerr

    2008-01-01

    Roy F. Baumeister currently holds the Eppes Eminent Professorship in the Department of Psychology at Florida State University. He received his PhD in social psychology from Princeton in 1978 working under Edward E. Jones. After a postdoctoral fellowship in sociology at Berkeley, he spent 23 years on the faculty at Case Western Reserve University,…

  2. Theodore Presser and His Foundation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nazzaro, William J.

    1983-01-01

    Describes the life of Theodore Presser and the establishment of the Presser Foundation in 1916. Presser was a music publisher and the founder of "Etude" magazine. The Presser Foundation provides scholarships to music students, aid to elderly music teachers, and help to colleges for building music facilities. (CS)

  3. Forssmann, Prof. Werner Theodor Otto

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Fellowship. Fellow Profile. Elected: 1967 Honorary. Forssmann, Prof. Werner Theodor Otto Nobel Laureate (Medicine) - 1956. Date of birth: 29 August 1904. Date of death: 1 June 1979. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. Theory Of Evolution. Posted on 23 January 2018. Joint Statement by ...

  4. Theodore William Richards and the Periodic Table

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conant, James B.

    1970-01-01

    Discusses the contribution of Theodore Richards to the accurate determination of atomic weights of copper and other elements; his major contribution was to the building of the definitive periodic table of the elements. (BR)

  5. Laue, Prof. Max Theodor Felix von

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Fellowship. Fellow Profile. Elected: 1954 Honorary. Laue, Prof. Max Theodor Felix von. Nobel Laureate (Physics) - 1914. Date of birth: 9 October 1897. Date of death: 24 April 1960. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  6. Laue, Prof. Max Theodor Felix von

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Fellowship. Fellow Profile. Elected: 1954 Honorary. Laue, Prof. Max Theodor Felix von. Nobel Laureate (Physics) - 1914. Date of birth: 9 October 1897. Date of death: 24 April 1960. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. Theory Of Evolution. Posted on 23 January 2018. Joint Statement by the ...

  7. Theodor von Grotthuss’ Contribution to Electrochemistry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pauliukaite, Rasa; Juodkazytė, Jurga; Ramanauskas, Rimantas

    2017-01-01

    Freiherr Christian Johann Dietrich Theodor von Grotthuss (1785-1822) lived and worked in Lithuania. Inspired by Volta's pile he proposed the first theory of water electrolysis, which was published in 1805 in Rome. Michael Faraday acknowledged T. Grotthuss for this theory in his further investigations of electrolysis processes. Having studied in Germany and France Grotthuss brought science to province by establishing his laboratory in Gedučiai village in his mother's real estate. Lithuanian scientists are proud that life of Theodor von Grotthuss was related to this country. Many events to remember this prominent scientist are organised in Vilnius and other places. His works and example provided a good basis for further development of electrochemical science in Lithuania. Grotthuss insights into the mechanism of proton transport still are of great relevance to such areas of modern science as membrane biochemistry, energy conversion and storage.

  8. 36 CFR 7.54 - Theodore Roosevelt National Park.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Theodore Roosevelt National Park. 7.54 Section 7.54 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.54 Theodore Roosevelt National Park. (a...

  9. Theodore Millon's Contributions to Conceptualizing Personality Disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pincus, Aaron L; Krueger, Robert F

    2015-01-01

    We review Theodore Millon's contributions to conceptualizing personality disorders in contemporary clinical science and practice. Millon worked tirelessly across professional domains and theoretical orientations, developing a rich integrative theory of personality and its pathology, directly and indirectly impacting the evolving iterations of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III through DSM-5), and advocating for the personality disorders through his contributions to cofounding the International Society for the Study of Personality Disorders and the Journal of Personality Disorders. We conclude with a closer look at Millon's final major contributions to conceptualizing personality disorders as well as the strengths and limitations of his approach.

  10. Obituary: Theodore Siegumfeldt Jacobsen, 1901-2003

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraft, Robert Paul; Wallerstein, George

    2003-12-01

    Theodor Jacobsen, oldest member of the American Astronomical Society, died in Seattle on 17 July 2003 at the age of 102. His astronomical career, which began in the 1920's, coincided with the rise of astronomy in the University of Washington from a one-man activity within mathematics to today's major astronomical department of more than 30 faculty and other research personnel. Born on 6 February 1901 in Copenhagen, Denmark, he immigrated with his parents, brother and three sisters to the USA in 1917. Even while he was still in Denmark, his interest in astronomy was sparked at age 7 by a gift from his parents of a two-inch telescope. As early as 1921, in the midst of his undergraduate studies in chemistry at Stanford, he wrote to Director W. W. Campbell of Lick Observatory, inquiring how he should prepare for a career in astronomy and whether one could make a living at it. Campbell encouraged him to learn as much physics and mathematics as possible with the outcome that, on completion of his BA degree at Stanford, Jacobsen became a University of California Berkeley graduate student and was appointed a Lick Observatory fellow in the period 1923 to 1926. Following completion of his PhD thesis, entitled ``A Redetermination of the Radial Velocity Curves of Certain Cepheid Variable Stars" (LOB, 379, 1926), he was appointed as ``assistant" at Lick, a position roughly equivalent to that of ``instructor" in a modern University environment. Inquiries concerning whether Lick could recommend ``a promising young man to take over teaching some astronomy and math" from then President Spencer of the University of Washington were received by Lick's acting director Robert Aitken in 1928. They were looking for a Berkeley PhD, said Spencer, and Aitken responded with an enthusiastic recommendation of Theodor Jacobsen, who then took up his duties in Seattle with the beginning of the fall term 1928. Jacobsen succeeded H. Zanstra (of Zanstra mechanism fame) in the Dept. of Mathematics

  11. Theodore Roosevelt Chloroforming Uncle Sam "In the Hopeless Ward".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drew, Benjamin A; Bause, George S

    2016-10-01

    In March of 1905 in Judge magazine, Louis Dalrymple published his political cartoon of Theodore Roosevelt chloroforming "Uncle Sam." Having sampled a host of Democratic remedies, the 125-year-old Sam can expect that Roosevelt's chloroform will either cure him with major Republican surgery or kill him with Osler-linked euthanasia. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. El naturalismo americano: Theodore Dreiser y Sister Carrie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dolores G. ALONSO MULAS

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Para situar a un escritor, como Theodore Dreiser, y especialmente su novela Sister Carrie dentro de un movimiento literario y de una etapa determinada de la historia americana, es necesario dar un breve repaso al naturalismo, llegado a América a través de Stephen Crane

  13. Theodore Brameld's Thought Infused in Higher Education Global Studies Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Stephen R.

    2016-01-01

    The assertion here is that Theodore Brameld's Social Reconstructionist thought can provide us in American higher education the philosophical foundation for a relevant 21st century curriculum global studies agenda. It is a curriculum that merges self-awareness with global societal evolution. Through the interjection of Brameldian social…

  14. Greek Monk Theodore as the first Primate of Canterbury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ks. Warsonofiusz (Doroszkiewicz

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The theological climate of the young Church of Anglo-Saxon Christians was determined by Irish and Welsh monks maintaining the tradition of the Egyptian desert. The Angles and Saxons had a particular vision of the natural world, of the eternal world, a particular comprehension of sin and repentance. Rome in its missionary work used them to attach the British Christians the see of St Peter. Britain had no original link with the culture and tradition of the classical Church. It has been particularly established and enforced in VII and VIII, when England received a great dose of classical learning and theology due to the activity of archbishop of Canterbury Theodore and monk Hadrian. The formerly Greek monk Theodore – well learned in the Holy Scripture as well as Greek and Latin classics – was named the archbishop of Canterbury by pope Vitalian under the condition that he should notintroduce any typically Greek customs. Theodore named Hadrian the abbot of the Canterbury monastery of St Peter. There and in York young English could pursue classical studies of the Holy Scriptures, poetry, philosophy, mathematics, astronomy, etc. It resulted in significant literary development in Britain, of which venerable Bede is an example.Theodore introduced in Canterbury proto-byzantine canonical law, during two famous synods established doctrinal and ecclesiastical foundations of English Christianity based on ancient orthodox tradition of Eastern part of the Mediterranean region. At the Synod of Hatfield,with the other bishops, Theodore confirmed the Nicean Creed, fiveformer ecumenical councils and the generally accepted Church Fathers. They worked also on practical church unity, that is established: common date of Easter with other parts of Christian world, non-intervention ofbishops in other dioceses, canonical laws regulating the attitude of bishops towards monastic communities and the decrees against monophysismonks coming from Persia.

  15. 78 FR 70414 - Pricing for the 2013 Coin and Chronicles Set-Theodore Roosevelt

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-25

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY United States Mint Pricing for the 2013 Coin and Chronicles Set--Theodore Roosevelt AGENCY: United States Mint, Department of the Treasury. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The United States Mint is announcing a price of $57.95 for the 2013 Coin and Chronicles Set--Theodore...

  16. [Theodor Billroth and Johannes Brahms--friendship between two giants].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teplý, I

    1989-09-01

    The study portrays the exceptional personality of Theodor Billroth and his friendship with Johannes Brahms. Billroth who laid the foundation of modern abdominal surgery by performing his pioneer operations was also an excellent musician and connoisseur of the arts. His enthusiasm for the music of Brahms and Brahms' respect for Billroth, his knowledge and musical instinct, were the basis of a mutual intensive relationship. The paper describes the productive period of a 30-year friendship of the two great men, presenting basic bibliographic data and an outline of their work.

  17. A Powerful Friendship: Theodore von Karman and Hugh L. Dryden

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorn, Michael

    2003-01-01

    During their long personal friendship and professional association, Theodore von Karman (1882-1963) and Hugh L. Dryden (1898-1965) exercised a pivotal if somewhat elusive influence over American aeronautics and spaceflight. Both decisive figures in organizing scientists and engineers at home and abroad, both men of undisputed eminence in their technical fields, their range of contacts in government, academia, the armed forces, industry, and professional societies spanned the globe to an extent unparalleled then as now. Moreover, because they coordinated their activities closely, their combined influence far exceeded the sum of each one s individual contributions. This paper illustrates their personal origins as well as the foundations of their friendship, how their relationship became a professional alliance, and their joint impact on the world of aeronautics and astronautics during the twentieth century.

  18. The laser inventor memoirs of Theodore H. Maiman

    CERN Document Server

    Maiman, Theodore H

    2018-01-01

    In these engaging memoirs of a maverick, Theodore H. Maiman describes the life events leading to his invention of the laser in 1960. Maiman succeeded using his expertise in physics and engineering along with an ingenious and elegant design not anticipated by others. His pink ruby laser produced mankind’s first-ever coherent light and has provided transformational technology for commerce, industry, telecom, the Internet, medicine, and all the sciences. Maiman also chronicles the resistance from his employer and the ongoing intrigue by competing researchers in industry and academia seeking to diminish his contribution in inventing the first laser. This work will appeal to a wide readership, from physicists and engineers through science enthusiasts to general readers. The volume includes extensive photos and documentary materials related to Maiman’s life and accomplishments never before published. "No one beat Maiman to the laser. How important is the laser? How important are all lasers? That is how import...

  19. WATER TEMPERATURE and Other Data from THEODORE N. GILL from 19541116 to 19541210 (NODC Accession 9700149)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Zooplankton, nutrients, and other data were collected from bottle and net casts in South Atlantic from the Theodore N. Gill from 16 November 1954 to 10 December...

  20. 76 FR 61135 - Environmental Impact Statement: Theodore Francis Green Airport, Warwick, RI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-03

    ... DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Impact Statement: Theodore Francis Green Airport, Warwick, RI AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION..., Environmental Program Manager, Federal Aviation Administration New England, 12 New England Executive Park...

  1. 78 FR 8683 - Environmental Impact Statement: Theodore Francis Green Airport, Warwick, RI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-06

    ... DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration Environmental Impact Statement: Theodore Francis Green Airport, Warwick, RI AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION..., Environmental Program Manager, Federal Aviation Administration New England, 12 New England Executive Park...

  2. [Wilhelm Lenz. Theodor Schiemanns Revaler Jahre (1883-1887)] / Paul Kaegbein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaegbein, Paul

    2008-01-01

    Arvustus: Wilhelm Lenz. Theodor Schiemanns Revaler Jahre (1883-1887). - Ostseeprovinzen, baltische Staaten und das Nationale. Münster : LIT, 2005. Lk. 227-250. Tallinna linnaarhiivi esimesest linnaarhivaarist

  3. Theodor Reik: architect of the subjective approach to psychoanalytic treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Israel, Morton

    2013-06-01

    An overview of the life and work of Theodor Reik is presented. Because of the confluence of various personal qualities and circumstantial factors, Reik's contributions to twentieth-century psychoanalysis were significant, varied, and controversial. His major contributions include the following: (1) He demonstrated the critical importance of unconscious guilt and masochism in human affairs, on an individual basis as well as man's social institutions. In effect, all neuroses have underlying unconscious guilt and punishment issues. (2) He emphasized that the mission of the analyst is to create an intimate clinical relationship with the patient by utilizing his or her (the analyst's) unconscious in concert with the unconscious of the patient. (3) In establishing the National Psychological Association for Psychoanalysis in 1948, Reik became the father of nonmedical psychoanalytic training in America. (4) Over a thirty-year period after his arrival in New York City in 1938, Reik published over twenty books on psychoanalysis, Reikian style. The most read and influential was Listening With the Third Ear (1948). As a result, Reik became America's primary educator of psychoanalysis.

  4. What business are you in? Classic advice from Theodore Levitt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levitt, Theodore

    2006-10-01

    For all the talk about management as a science, experienced executives know that strategic decisions and tactics depend heavily on context. No one understood this better than Theodore Levitt (1925-2006). A Harvard Business School professor renowned as a founder of modern marketing, he sought above all to use his knowledge to serve the needs of businesspeople. In a series of powerfully insightful--and delightfully written--essays in Harvard Business Review, he provoked readers to reexamine their settled thinking about vital issues so that they could better meet the needs of customers. Levitt had the gifts of provocation and generalization, offering ideas that startled readers but compelled them to think creatively and intelligently about their companies. Writing in a period when business was held in far less esteem than it is today, he rejected the easy contempt that many intellectuals had for managers and consumers. Levitt carried that practical approach to his tenure at Harvard Business Review from 1985 to 1989. As one of HBR's most intellectual and most populist chief editors, he understood that the magazine's main purpose was to serve as a kind of sophisticated translation, clarifying authors' raw-and sometimes rough-ideas for impatient, time-pressed readers. This tribute, a look into one of business's great minds, offers excerpts from six of Levitt's most influential HBR articles: "Marketing Myopia" (July-August 1960) "After the Sale Is Over..."(SeptemberOctober1983) "Marketing Success Through Differentiation-of Anything" (January-February 1980) "Production-Line Approach to Service" (September-October 1972) "The Globalization of Markets" (May-June 1983) "Creativity Is Not Enough" (May-June 1963).

  5. Serbs in the poetry of Theodore Prodromos and anonymous Manganeios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanković Vlada

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Numerous rhetorical writings of the Comnenian period constitute a fruitful field of research, both with respect to historical data, i.e. hard historical facts hidden, though still recognizable, behind the peculiar and somewhat abstract mode of expression of the authors of the twelfth century, and with regard to the poetics of the literary works themselves, i.e. the internal elements characteristic not only for the genre chosen, but also for each particular author. A comparative, historical and literary approach to these works renders their sense clearer and their complex allusions more readily understood. This is a matter of some importance, since allusions constitute one of the basic elements of historical rhetoric, which reached its peak at the time of Emperor Manuel Komnenos (1143-1180, especially during the first half of his reign, i.e. till the end of the fifties of the twelfth century. The poetry of Theodore Prodromes and of the somewhat younger Anonymous ('Prodromos' Manganeios is an excellent example of this intertwining of historical and literary elements, i.e. of the presentation of historical data through rhetorical patterns. One has to concentrate on individual works attempting to determine, as far as possible, the date of composition, the circumstances of writing and the purpose of a particular poem, the occasion for which it was written and the character of the expected audience, in order to better understand both the poetry written by these two rhetoricians and the individual features of the authors, as well as their respective positions in the circle around Emperor Manuel Komnenos. The poems dealt with in the present paper stand out for calling the Serbs by their real name. This naming practice was invariably employed by both rhetoricians in cases when new achievements of the basileus were to be announced and proclaimed immediately after the event, on the occasions of first reports, first celebrations of the new victories and

  6. Theodore Roszak (1933-2011 - Um contra-obituário

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horacio Luján Martínez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Nosso texto não pretende mais do que lembrar algumas categorias do recentemente falecido historiador e sociólogo americano Theodore Roszak. Categorias como “contracultura” e “tecnocracia” que, embora pensadas ao “calor” dos acontecimentos do final da década dos anos sessenta, nos parecem ainda pertinentes.

  7. Theodor Schweisfurth. Sozialistisches Völkerrecht? / Henn-Jüri Uibopuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uibopuu, Henn-Jüri, 1929-2012

    1981-01-01

    Tutvustus: Schweisfurth, Theodor. Sozialistisches Völkerrecht? : Darstellung - Analyse - Wertung der sowjetmarxistischen Theorie vom Völkerrecht "neuen Typs". Berlin [etc.] : Springer-Verlag, 1979. (Beiträge zum ausländischen öffentlichen Recht und Völkerrecht, Bd. 73)

  8. Establishing the Rhetorical Presidency through Presidential Rhetoric: Theodore Roosevelt and the Brownsville Raid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuckey, Mary

    2006-01-01

    Theodore Roosevelt was an important figure in the development of the presidency as a primary and authoritative source for definitions of national identity. Through an analysis of three specific rhetorical moves Roosevelt made in arguments over the "proper" interpretation of the Brownsville Raid, this essay examines how Roosevelt both justified his…

  9. The Frontier Myth in Presidential Rhetoric: Theodore Roosevelt's Campaign for Conservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dorsey, Leroy G.

    1995-01-01

    States that the Frontier Myth has been used by rhetorical presidents to inspire audiences and energize policies. Investigates how Theodore Roosevelt linked the Frontier Myth to conservation policy. Demonstrates how he altered the myth, replacing the conqueror hero with a farmer hero. Concludes that conservation under Roosevelt's administration was…

  10. Little-known aspect of Theodor Billroth's work: his contribution to musical theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLaren, N; Thorbeck, R V

    1997-06-01

    Theodor Billroth's contribution to musical theory is discussed and evaluated. Billroth was a close friend of the composer Johannes Brahms and was himself extremely musical. At his death he left the manuscript of a book on musical theory, Wer ist-Musikalisch?, which had gone through four editions by 1912. In it he attempted to answer important questions on the nature of sound perception, the importance of rhythm as a fundamental element in music, the relation of pitch, tone, and volume, and the ways in which to account for the affective power of music. This article outlines the main concepts, contributions, and opinions offered by Billroth.

  11. L’esperienza estetica come esperienza di immagini. Walter Benjamin e Theodor W. Adorno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Tavani

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Both Walter Benjamin and Theodor W. Adorno consider ‘aesthetical experience’ as an “image experience” assuming a power of images “to set free forces” directed to produce or support aesthetical-political (Benjamin or aesthetical-critical (Adorno requirements. Profane illumination, ‘thinkimages’, phantasmagory, dialectical images, decayed ‘aura’ and technicalized images in Benjamin’s theory of aesthetical modernity. Expressive feature or “mimetic” eloquence in nature and art countering reality, dismantled ‘aura’ in contemporary desacralized work of art, but also persisting ‘aura’ in its meaningful dimension in Adorno’s aesthetical theory.

  12. The condition of browse plants at the Theodore Roosevelt Memorial Ranch (TRMR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keigley, R.B.; Olson, Gary R.

    2001-01-01

    The Theodore Roosevelt Memorial Ranch (TRM), owned and operated by the Boone and Crockett Club, spans 6,000 acres along the Rocky Mountain East Front. The ranch is located west of Dupuyer, Montana, on the forks of Dupuyer and Scoffin Creeks. Each fall, mule deer migrate from the Bob Marshall Wilderness and adjacent Lewis and Clark and Flathead National Forests to the ranch and adjacent private lands. Winter counts and classifications have been conducted since the mid-1970’s by Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks personnel. In addition to mule deer, domestic livestock, whitetailed deer and elk compete for space and forage on the winter range.

  13. L’esperienza futurista di Theodor Däubler a Firenze

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Bressan

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Theodor Däubler spent a long period in Florence. His participation in the Futurist eve­nings is a recurrent theme in his letters to his friend Arthur Moeller van der Bruck, in which he also expresses his views on Marinetti, his admiration for the poet Italo Tavolato and for Aldo Palazzeschi (whose poems he later translated and his recurring thoughts about Trie­ste. Däubler left Florence in 1914. His departure from Italy certainly represented a gradual (or maybe abrupt detachment from this Futurist experience, a reality which he had lived and shared but never entirely embraced.

  14. Objects, pictures and sounds: the ethnography of Theodor Koch-Grünberg (1872-1924

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erwin Frank

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The article characterizes the ethnological theory and method of Theodor Koch-Grünberg (1872-1924, a German anthropologist who made four visits to Brazil between 1896 and 1924, and who was especially noted for his writings about the Indians of the Rio Negro and Rio Branco, and the ethnographic collections, sound recordings, photography and films made during these journeys. The author relates this documentary material with Koch-Grünberg’s ethnographic project within the tradition of German Völkerkunde.

  15. Relectura de la noción de industria cultural de Theodor Adorno

    OpenAIRE

    Silva Rodríguez, Manuel

    2013-01-01

    El texto presenta una revisión de la noción de industria cultural, propuesta porTheodor Adorno junto a Max Horkheimer en 1947 y desde entonces presenteen el análisis y el debate cultural. El artículo expone los elementos que integranesta categoría y para tratar de entenderla en toda su dimensión la encuadraen el contexto general del pensamiento de Adorno. Además de señalar variascríticas que la noción ha recibido, el texto destaca algunos aspectos que pocohan sido valorados por sus críticos y...

  16. The Panegyric Composed by Ennodius in Honour of King Theodoric: How Rhetoric Writes History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Deželak Trojar

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The life and work of Ennodius (473/474–521 falls in a crucial but highly troubled period of late antiquity. With the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the arrival of the Ostrogoths, and Theodoric’s takeover of authority, Ennodius witnessed a number of processes which set the course of events for the centuries to come. He left an important testimony to his time in his panegyric to King Theodoric, which demonstrates the author's high level of classical education as well as his familiarity with classical, imperial, and early Christian literature. A skilfully written rhetorical work spanning the years 461–506/507, elaborate in style and content, it bears ample testimony to the historical reality of Theodoric’s time and constitutes an important historical source for the early period after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. The panegyric dates from the first half of 507. The diversity of its content leaves the reasons for its composition open to speculation, the most likely hypothesis being that Ennodius wished to thank Theodoric for his victories and achievements in general (no particular event is highlighted. It is no coincidence that the panegyric was composed after the final regulation of Theodoric’s authority and after a relatively long period of peace. It is clear from the panegyric that Ennodius had a highly positive attitude to Theodoric, whom he saw as a continuator and stimulator of the idea of eternal Rome. In his view, Theodoric’s assumption of authority over the Western part of the Roman Empire was a historical watershed which would bring a rejuvenation of Rome; the beginning of a new golden age. Besides its great historical value, the work of Ennodius is distinguished by its rhetorical and stylistic perfection. Confronted with the mass of historical material on Theodoric, Ennodius would have run into difficulties selecting an appropriate topic (inventio, but he emerges as a skilled collector and a masterly organiser in

  17. Theodore Millon, una teoría de la personalidad y su patología Theodore Millon, a theory of the personality and its pathology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Oscar Sánchez

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Desde su obra seminal de 1976, Psicopatología moderna: un enfoque biosocial de los aprendizajes erróneos y de los disfuncionalismos, y por más de 30 años Theodore Millon ha desarrollado una ciencia compleja de la personalidad y su patología. En su modelo, el autor postula la existencia de tres polaridades básicas, placer-dolor, activo-pasivo y yo-otros, para explicar las diferencias entre los diferentes tipos de personalidad. El modelo original de aprendizaje biosocial fue reformulado en 1990 a la luz de los conceptos evolutivos. A lo largo de todo este tiempo, Millon junto a sus seguidores han establecido un paradigma para comprender la personalidad. Al mismo tiempo, há argumentado reiteradamente que una ciencia clínica comprensiva de la personalidad necesita integrar cuatro componentes básicos: teoría o esquemas conceptuales explicativos, una nosología formal, herramientas de evaluación, e intervenciones terapéuticas adecuadas. En este trabajo, se resumen los aspectos primordiales del Modelo de Millon en lo que hace a esos diferentes componentes.From its seminal work of 1976, Psicopatología moderna: un enfoque biosocial de los aprendizajes erróneos y de los disfuncionalismos, and by more than 30 years Theodore Millon has developed a complex science of the personality and its pathology. In his model, the author postulates the existence of three basic polarities, pleasure-pain, active-passive and I-other, to explain the differences between the different types from personality. The original model of biosocial learning was reformulated in 1990 to the light of the evolutionary concepts. Throughout all this time, Millon next to their followers has established a paradigm to understand the personality. At the same time, it has argued repeatedly that a comprehensive clinical science of the personality needs to integrate four basic components: explanatory theory or conceptual schemes, a formal nosology, suitable tools of evaluation, and

  18. Work of art and philosophy: Franz Kafka, a reading based on Theodor Adorno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Savi Neto

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This is a theoretical research conducted from rereading the thought of the philosopher Theodor Adorno, a member of the first generation of the Frankfurt School, with emphasis on the character of social criticism of his thinking in dialectical movement by reading Franz Kafka, making use of works of both authors, with special attention to direct references of the philosopher about the writer’s work, using up eventually commentators. From an analysis of the relationship between philosophy and works of art as thought by Adorno, the goal is to show that both the thought of the philosopher and Kafka’s literature are marked by criticism of a society managed by Enlightenment rationality, which converts to violence against the subject himself. Although distinct, philosophy and works of art complement each other as resistance to cultural mass, while the first interprets the second.

  19. Media's Half-Formative Nature. Theodor W. Adorno's Empirical Research On TV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mateu Cabot

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available We analyze in this paper the results of Theodor W. Adorno's empirical research on television. This research was part of a the studies on mass culture made during the time he lived in the United States. With the help of psychoanalytic concepts he discovered a number of structures in several products of the culture industry that fall under the general concept of half-formation. With this concept he wanted to remember the illusory nature of the satisfaction produced by cultural consumption and to show the mechanisms by which it was possible to create an illusion of reality. These mechanisms are different from those that allowed the formation in the early stages of capitalism and are possibly incompatible with training institutions created at that time.

  20. "Why is it that I see everything differently?" Reading a 1933 letter from Paula Heimann to Theodor Reik.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rolnik, Eran J

    2008-06-01

    A letter from Paula Heimann to her training analyst, Theodor Reik, written shortly before her emigration from Berlin to London, sheds light on some of the technical controversies and personal animosities that shaped psychoanalytic clinical discourse in the early 1930s, as well as on Heimann's subsequent development as a clinician. A close reading of this letter highlights several distinctive aspects of psychoanalytic training and demonstrates the transgenerational transmission of psychoanalytic ideas.

  1. Lack of significant changes in the herpetofauna of Theodore Roosevelt National Park, North Dakota, since the 1920s

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blake R. Hossack; Paul Stephen Corn; David S. Pilliod

    2005-01-01

    We surveyed 88 upland wetlands and 12 1-km river sections for amphibians in Theodore Roosevelt National Park, North Dakota, during 2001–2002 to gather baseline data for future monitoring efforts and to evaluate changes in the distribution of species. We compared our results to collections of herpetofauna made during 1920–1922, 1954 and 1978–1979. The boreal chorus frog...

  2. Art and Political Ideology in the State of Epiros during the Reign of Theodore Doukas (r. 1215-1230

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    Leonela FUNDIC

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper sets out to reconstruct the political context of art-making in the State of Epiros under its second ruler Theodore Komnenos Doukas (r. 1215-1230, paying particular attention to two aspects: first, the ways in which art reflected and articulated political ideology; and second, the role played by works of art in the formation of a Byzantine imperial identity in exile.

  3. Kuidas maikrahv uued rõivad sai. Leopold von Pezoldi "Maikrahvi sissesõit Tallinna" ja Theodor Albert Sprengeli "Reformatsiooni algus Tallinnas" avalik konserveerimine = How the May King got his new clother. Public conservation of Leopold von Pezol

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aas, Kristina, 1988-

    2015-01-01

    Ülevaade baltisaksa kunstnike Leopold von Pezoldi ja Theodor Albert Sprengeli maalidest Suurgildi hoones, nende varasematest restaureerimistest, avalikust konserveerimisest ja tehnilistest uuringutest.

  4. Karl Popper versus Theodor Adorno: lições de um confronto histórico

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    Angela Ganem

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Karl Popper versus Theodor Adorno: Lessons from a historical confrontation. In 1961, during the Congress of the German Society of Sociology, two great theoretical references of the XX century faced in a historical debate about the logic of the social sciences. In addition to methodological issues strict sense, the confrontation became known as a debate between positivism and dialectic. The article first deals with the theoretical trajectories of Popper and Adorno and the relation of their theories with their political and ideological certainties. On one hand, the trajectory of the Popperian epistemology is examined, its contributions and vigorous attacks on Marx in what he called 'poverty of historicism" and false predictive Marxist world, and, on the other hand, the role of Adorno in the Frankfurt School, his criticism of totalitarianism and the defense of a critical emancipatory reason. The article also deals with the confrontation itself, the exposure of Popper's twenty-seven theses that culminate with the situation logic and the method of the economy as exemplary for the social sciences and Adorno's critical perspective of sociology and society as non-separable objects. In conclusion we show how the articulation of theory with the weltanschauung of each author helps to clarify the terms of the debate and how the confrontation contributed unequivocally to the dynamics of scientific progress and for the critical history of the ideas.

  5. THEODOR WIESENGRUND ADORNO AND WALTER BENJAMIN: NOTES ON A FRAGMENTARY PHILOSOPHY OF FICTION

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    Gustavo Martín Fragachán

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available In the following pages I would like to try the quite tight interpretation that carries out Theodor Wiesengrund Adorno of the overflowing and complex philosophical work of Walter Benjamin. In order to do it I shall use the text titled Sobre Walter Benjamin, published by Cátedra, Madrid, 1995. In this book they are compiled both: some texts around the philosophical work of Benjamin and some of the letters directed by Adorno to his friend. Be worth to denote that several of the works are later to the death of Benjamín. Concretely, I shall refer, after to have analyzed the portrait of Benjamín made by Adorno, to the chapters named “Dirección única de Walter Benjamín”, “Sobre algunos motivos en Baudelaire” and “Sobre Franz Kafka. Con ocasión del décimo aniversario de su muerte”. To them I shall add few works written by the  own Benjamin that under similar titles have been published into his book Sobre el Programa de la Filosofía Futura y otros ensayos, Monte Avila, Caracas, 1970.

  6. Representations of Power in the Byzantios Oration of Theodore Metochites: Illusions and Realities

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    Alexandra Voudourie

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The early 14th century and so far very little commented on Byzantios logos by Theodore Metochites appears to be the first surviving, lengthy, and independent city encomium in the Greek language since the 4th century Antiochikos logos by Libanios. Metochites seems to be quite familiar with the late antique tradition of the extended independent city praises and as a result the 70 folia long laus Constantinopolitana, includes all the expected, and power-indicating praising themes: thesis, foundation, walls, secular buildings and other infrastructure, occupations of the citizens, internal and external beauty, piety of the citizens and churches, secular education, ports and trade, commonwealth and cosmopolitanism, ecumenical character, intense Christian faith and synkrisis with other famous cities. But can an encomium of Constantinople, written in the dramatic first decade of the 14th century, really be a source of any power representations at all? Or should one reassess the encomiastic topoi and attempt to distinguish fact from fiction and power from illusion of power? Finally, can the lengthier and more persistent analysis of particular features serve as a proof of their more realistic character? The above questions are approached by using some hidden dating indicators of Byzantios logos, in addition to a critical evaluation of Metochites᾽ use of the late antique rhetorical guidelines, and in the light of the latest research on the economic and spiritual life in early Palaiologan Constantinople.

  7. A PSICOLOGIA SOCIAL DE THEODOR ADORNO NA PRODUÇÃO BRASILEIRA (1984-2015

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    Rodrigo Siqueira Câmara

    Full Text Available RESUMO Este artigo apresenta parte de uma pesquisa que procurou iluminar uma tradição brasileira de pesquisa em Psicologia Social, alicerçada na teoria de Theodor Adorno. Seu objetivo foi identificar e discutir referências e apropriações dessa teoria, em especial sua proposta para a Psicologia Social, por pesquisadores brasileiros entre 1984 e 2015. Através da análise da produção científica, foram encontrados 197 artigos, dos quais foi realizada uma análise temática de 87, caracterizados como da Psicologia, com base nas seguintes categorias: estudos sobre dominação e violência social (24; estudos sobre o indivíduo e a formação cultural (14; estudos sobre indústria cultural, propaganda e consumo (11; estudos sobre ciência, metodologia e debates teóricos (17; estudos sobre educação (13; e estudos sobre arte e estética (8. Os resultados indicam uma presença significativa e crescente dessa perspectiva em Psicologia Social no Brasil e a ampliação, por parte dos pesquisadores, do seu escopo de reflexão e atuação.

  8. Exploring the world with the laser dedicated to Theodor Hänsch on his 75th birthday

    CERN Document Server

    Udem, Thomas; Esslinger, Tilman

    2018-01-01

    This edition contains carefully selected contributions by leading scientists in high-resolution laser spectroscopy, quantum optics and laser physics. Emphasis is given to ultrafast laser phenomena, implementations of frequency combs, precision spectroscopy and high resolution metrology. Furthermore, applications of the fundamentals of quantum mechanics are widely covered. This book is dedicated to Nobel prize winner Theodor W. Hänsch on the occasion of his 75th birthday. The contributions are reprinted from a topical collection published in Applied Physics B, 2016.

  9. Degradation of Emerald green in oil paint and its contribution to the rapid change in colour of the Descente des vaches (1834-1835) painted by Theodore Rousseau

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keune, K.; Boon, J.J.; Boitelle, R.; Shimadzu, Y.

    2013-01-01

    Descente des vaches (1836) by Theodore Rousseau in the Mesdag Collection in The Hague is barely readable and its paint layers are in poor condition. The surface of the painting is strongly deformed and cracked, the whole painting has darkened and especially the greens have lost all or most of their

  10. Massenmedien und Bildung: Eine padagogische Interpretation der Adorno-Benjamin-Kontroverse (Mass Media and Education: A Pedagogical Interpretation of the Controversy between Theodore Adorno and Walter Benjamin).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imai, Yasuo

    1997-01-01

    Gives a pedagogical interpretation of the controversy between Adorno (Theodore) and Benjamin (Walter). Sketches their different conceptions of what constitutes a pedagogical problem and discusses differences between their positions against the background of their shared concern, best described as "experiential poverty." (DSK)

  11. Effects of Theodore Millon's Teaching, Mentorship, Theory, and Scientific Contributions on Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine Research and Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antoni, Michael H

    2015-01-01

    This article summarizes the impact of Theodore Millon's work on the disciplines of health psychology and behavioral medicine over the past 5 decades spanning from the late 1960s to present. The article is written from my perspectives as a graduate student mentored by Millon on through my faculty career as a collaborator in test construction and empirical validation research. Several of the most recent entries in this summary reflect projects that were ongoing at the time of his passing, revealing the innovation and visionary spirit that he demonstrated up until the end of his life. Considering that this summary is restricted to Millon's contributions to the disciplines of health psychology and behavioral medicine, this work comprises only a small portion of his larger contribution to the field of psychology and the areas of personality theory and psychological assessment more broadly.

  12. Educación, cultura y Estado-nación en Hannah Arendt y Theodor Adorno : Dos lecturas de los orígenes del totalitarismo

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez Madrid, Nuria

    2011-01-01

    This paper aims to focus on the main common points of the lecture of the totalitarian phenomenon supported by Theodor Adorno and Hannah Arendt, despite the divergence of their analysis. The balance of this contrast conveys that both thinkers display an aesthetics of resistance facing the totalitarian ideology, which is based principally on two tenets. The first is the claim of the concept of culture, which Arendt thinks belongs to the making of a traditio and Adorno sees as a reflexion linked...

  13. El Internacionalismo de Theodore Roosevelt : el excepcionalismo enérgico de su política exterior

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    Pedro Fco. Ramos Josa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available el objetivo de este artículo es estudiar el legado político de Theodore Roosevelt bajo la perspectiva de su política exterior y demostrar así su vigencia en pleno siglo XXI, tanto por su influencia en la evolución del pensamiento político estadounidense como por sus propias características. T. Roosevelt fue el primer Presidente en abandonar el unilateralismo aislacionista en materia de política exterior, para colocar a Estados Unidos en la senda internacionalista que hoy le caracteriza, de ahí que sea imprescindible analizar su pensamiento político en lo relativo a la política exterior. El excepcionalismo enérgico fue la respuesta elaborada por T. Roosevelt para resolver la ecuación formulada por el ascenso de Estados Unidos a potencia mundial y su tradicional retraimiento a la hora de participar en los asuntos mundiales. A partir de entonces y bajo su impulso, comenzó un debate que está lejos de resolverse sobre qué papel debe desempeñar Estados Unidos en la comunidad internacional y cómo debe desempeñarlo.the aim of this article is to study the polical legacy of Theodore Roosevelt under the perspective of his foreign policy and to show its relevance in the XXI century, both for his influence in the evolution of the american political thought and for its own characteristics. T. Roosevelt was the first President who dropped out the isolationist unilateralism in the realm of foreign policy, in order to put America in the internationalist path, hence it is essential to analyze his political thought relating to foreign policy. The strenuous internationalism was the answer that T. Roosevelt devised to settle the equation formulated by the rise of the United States to a world power status and its traditional shyness to be an active player in foreign affaires. Since then, and under his impetus, a debate was started that is far from being resolved about which is the rol that America should play in the internacional community and how

  14. Byzantine People’s Anthropology. The Force of the Foot And Its Reflection in the Life of St. Theodore Sikeot

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    Nikolay Dmitrievich Barabanov

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with one aspect of Byzantine folk anthropology in its religious incarnation. We are speaking about human limbs, feet of the Saint, who showed specific ability of miracles using them. Among the many wonders which were committed by Holy Theodore Sikeot, who was Abbot of Sikeon monastery and former Bishop of Anastasiopol (date of death – April 22, 613, three of them deserve special attention. In the narration of life of the Saint it is told about healing the patients who suffered from paralysis of limbs and, consequently, were deprived of their ability to move. Saint Theodore saved them from illness not only by the power of prayer. In all cases he put his foot on the body of the patient, in particular, on chest and knees. This kind of touch makes us think about the meaning of committed ritual and about that complex of ideas which was connected with it. Presumably, the described action reflected not only the individual attitude of the hagiographer but also an attitude of the audience, to which it was addressed. For this reason, this phenomenon should be considered not as a hagiographic topos, but as an element of the mythological-ritual continuum, which is connected with religious contemplation of the specificity of the different parts of the human body, in particular, of the lower limbs. The tradition of honoring the legs and their prints are well known and are rooted in “deep antiquity”. In the pre-Christian world of the Graeco- Roman time there was the cult of the legs, the image of which was regarded as an amulet, which had an apotropaic power. The feet can be associated with different deities, however, most of all, the following cult was associated with Serapis, the God of fertility, underworld and healing. It was believed that the right foot of Serapis had healing force. However, the process of transferring of the properties of Serapis foot to the foot of Christian Saint raises some questions. First of all, about

  15. Sollevarsi dallo stagno afferrandosi per il codino. L’attualità della metacritica di Theodor W. Adorno (Pulling oneself out of the bog by one’s own pigtail. The legacy of Theodor W. Adorno’s metacritique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca BALDASSARRE

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available n this article the author highlights some issues about Adorno’s thought that are fundamental to be acquired in the present age. It focuses on the questions most criticized in the postwar period: cultural industry, managed world, presumed snobbery about mass society, decline of aura, end of individuality, post-individual or pseudo-individuality, ticket mentality. Therefore, the author suggests to explain contemporary age starting from the Adornian model, an important interpretive antecedent to understand new media and the world that they produce. So this article underscores the similarity about many causes for reflection in Theodor W. Adorno and also H. Marcuse: in spite of oustanding differences, both theorists persist on the “power of negative thinking” and on the “feeling of the contrary”. This persistence lays the foundations of critical thought in Adorno, who shows parodying art such as the critical model par excellence. Finally, last pages are directed to remark the importance of Adorno’s thought such as metacritical philosophy, surely more fruitful than the paradigm of the “second generation” in the following decades.

  16. Theodor Goecke. The small dwelling in the German urban debate of the end of the nineteenth century

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    Jorge Bosch Abarca

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The last decade of the 19th century is especially relevant in Germany with relation to the matter of the working-class housing and its influence in the city shape. During previous years, this dwelling was developed inserted into the large and deep urban block with the few exceptions of occasional works of reform character produced by non-profit building societies. In Berlin, the small dwelling becomes, for the first time, in 1891, an object of attention of the professional collective of architects. With Theodor Goecke as one of its main figures, the debate on the urban form and the working-class housing model will lead towards new proposals for a green and extended city, where in addition to the tenement rental building, the single-family house will become increasingly present. The differentiation of traffics, with the consideration of a new type of street for a more domestic living, not foreseen in the significant nineteenth-century designs of the Berliner city, favour this protagonism and establishes a starting point for the new modern approaches that will consolidate in the German urban planning of the first European post-war.

  17. THEODORE, a two-step heating system for the EC/OC determination of radiocarbon (14C) in the environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Szidat, S.; Jenk, T.M.; Gaeggeler, H.W.; Synal, H.-A.; Hajdas, I.; Bonani, G.; Saurer, M.

    2004-01-01

    Measurements of 14 C in the organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) fractions, respectively, of fine aerosol particles bear the potential to apportion anthropogenic and biogenic emission sources. For this purpose, the system THEODORE (two-step heating system for the EC/OC determination of radiocarbon in the environment) was developed. In this device, OC and EC are transformed into carbon dioxide in a stream of oxygen at 340 and 650 deg. C, respectively, and reduced to filamentous carbon. This is the target material for subsequent accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) 14 C measurements, which were performed on sub-milligram carbon samples at the PSI/ETH compact 500 kV AMS system. Quality assurance measurements of SRM 1649a, Urban Dust, yielded a fraction of modern f M in total carbon (TC) of 0.522 ± 0.018 (n=5, 95% confidence level) in agreement with reported values. The results for OC and EC are 0.70 ± 0.05 (n=3) and 0.066 ± 0.020 (n=4), respectively

  18. Sobrevivir a la efeméride. La compleja herencia estética de Theodor W. Adorno

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    Jordi MAISO BLASCO

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El presente texto reivindica el pensamiento estético de Theodor W. Adorno, argumentando la actualidad de su legado más allá de su valor historiográfico como testigo crítico del arte moderno, con una especial atención a elementos que han sido malinterpretados en su recepción, como las aporías que constituyen la división entre alta cultura y cultura de masas, el diálogo de la estética adorniana con la evolución de las fuerzas productivas artísticas o su metodología teórica, que plantea exigencias cruciales a la estética y la teoría del arte como disciplinas académicas.ABSTRACT: The article vindicates Adorno’s aesthetic thought by presenting the value of Adorno’s legacy beyond its historiographic value as a critical witness of contemporary art. The article pays special attention to the aspects that have traditionally been misinterpreted in the reception of Adorno’s writings, such as the aporias that make up the division between high and low culture, the dialogue between Adorno’s aesthetics and the evolution of artistic forces, or his theoretical methodology, which raises crucial issues for the field of aesthetics and art theory as academic disciplines.

  19. [Natural science vs. natural philosophy: Friedrich Theodor von Frerichs and the emergence of modern western medicine in the 19th century].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Werner

    2016-12-01

    The beginnings of modern western medicine reach to about 1800 when under the liberating influence of French Revolution observation of diseases was started to follow more scientifically justified criteria. At that time speculative doctrines prevailed, e. g. those set up natural philosopher Schelling. In this context Internist Friedrich Theodor von Frerichs at Berlin Charité University Hospital gained great merits because of his struggle for a scientifically-based experimental clinical medicine. This is demonstrated nicely in a recently found autograph document. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  20. Os espanhóis canibais: análise das gravuras do sétimo volume das Grands Voyages de Theodore de Bry

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    Luis Guilherme Assis Kalil

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa as ilustrações feitas por Theodore de Bry e seus descendentes para as Grands Voyages, coleção de relatos sobre o Novo Mundo publicada entre o final do século XVI e início do XVII. A partir do sétimo volume, dedicado à Viaje al Río de la Plata, do soldado bávaro Ulrico Schmidl, buscamos analisar as representações dos indígenas e dos espanhóis presentes nas imagens feitas pelo editor protestante.

  1. Educación, cultura y Estado-nación en Hannah Arendt y Theodor Adorno. Dos lecturas de los orígenes del totalitarismo

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez Madrid, Nuria

    2010-01-01

    El texto propone identificar los principales puntos de acuerdo del diagnóstico que Theodor Adorno y Hannah Arendt realizan sobre el fenómeno totalitario, a pesar de que recurren a distintos análisis. El saldo arrojado por esta lectura conjunta pone de manifiesto que ambos pensadores preconizan una suerte de estética de la resistencia a la ideología totalitaria, que se basa fundamentalmente en dos pilares. El primero sería la reivindicación del concepto de cultura, que Arendt enlaza con los me...

  2. Rejoinder to Lovaas and Smith, Mulick and Meinhold, and Baumeister.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guess, Doug; Carr, Edward

    1991-01-01

    This rejoinder to critiques (EC 602 213-215) of the authors' article (EC 602 212) on stereotypy and self-injury in the disabled responds to specific objections raised, including misleading statements, failure to address other existing models, misunderstandings, and need to include neurochemical factors. (DB)

  3. Gerard Vilar, Fernando Golvano, Mikel Iriondo, Miguel Salmerón, Aitor Aurrekoetxea, Xabier Insausti Prismas críticos. Lecturas sobre Theodor W. Adorno Editorial Comares, Granada, 2015 ISBN: 978-84-9045-372-8

    OpenAIRE

    Collado, Inmaculada

    2016-01-01

    Es reseña de: Gerard Vilar, Fernando Golvano, Mikel Iriondo, Miguel Salmerón, Aitor Aurrekoetxea, Xabier Insausti Prismas críticos. Lecturas sobre Theodor W. Adorno Editorial Comares, Granada, 2015 ISBN: 978-84-9045-372-8

  4. Special Lecture in Memory of Glenn Theodore Seaborg (19 April 1912 - 25 February 1999) Glenn T. Seaborg's Multi-faceted Career

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Darleane C.

    2001-11-01

    Glenn Theodore Seaborg (1912-1999) was a world-renowned nuclear chemist, a Nobel Laureate in chemistry in 1951, co-discoverer of plutonium and nine other transuranium elements, Chairman of the US Atomic Energy Commission from 1961-71, scientific advisor to ten US presidents, active in national and international professional societies, an advocate for nuclear power as well as for a comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty, a prolific writer, an avid hiker, environmentalist, and sports enthusiast. He was known and esteemed not only by chemists and other scientists throughout the world, but also by lay people, politicians, statesmen, and students of all ages. This memorial includes a brief glimpse of Glenn Seaborg's early life and education, describes some of his major contributions to nuclear science over his long and fruitful career, and highlights his profound influence on nuclear science, both in the US and in the international community.

  5. Special lecture in memory of Glenn Theodore Seaborg (19 April 1912 - 25 February 1999) Glenn T. Seaborg's multi-faceted career

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoffman, Darleane C.

    2001-11-01

    Glenn Theodore Seaborg (1912-1999) was a world-renowned nuclear chemist, a Nobel Laureate in chemistry in 1951, co-discoverer of plutonium and nine other transuranium elements, Chairman of the US Atomic Energy Commission from 1961-71, scientific advisor to ten US presidents, active in national and international professional societies, an advocate for nuclear power as well as for a comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty, a prolific writer, an avid hiker, environmentalist, and sports enthusiast. He was known and esteemed not only by chemists and other scientists throughout the world, but also by lay people, politicians, statesmen, and students of all ages. This memorial includes a brief glimpse of Glenn Seaborg's early life and education, describes some of his major contributions to nuclear science over his long and fruitful career, and highlights his profound influence on nuclear science, both in the US and in the international community.

  6. Mimesis e rememoração da natureza no sujeito em Theodor W. Adorno: para pensar a educação do corpo na escola Mimesis and remembrance of nature in the subject by Theodor W. Adorno: thinking body education at school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaison José Bassani

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available A partir das contribuições da Teoria Crítica da Sociedade, de Theodor W. Adorno, o presente trabalho dedica-se a uma reflexão epistemológica e pedagógica sobre o tema do corpo e suas expressões, em especial no que se refere a dois de seus motivos originais: a questão da mimesis e a da rememoração da natureza no sujeito. Como resultado, destaca-se a posição dialética que o corpo ocupa no processo de esquecimento e denegação da natureza no sujeito, na medida em que, se a ideia de natureza e da memória do sujeito em relação a ela é expressão de uma subjetividade incerta e petrificada, por outro lado, no entanto, a partir da valorização do comportamento mimético no âmbito das práticas corporais, constitui-se a possibilidade de resistência aos imperativos da racionalidade instrumental.Based on the contributions from the Critical Theory of Society of Theodor W. Adorno, this paper makes an epistemological and pedagogical reflection on body and its expressions, specially on two original forces: mimesis and remembrance of nature in the subject. The body finds a dialectical place in the process of forgetting and refusing nature in the subject. If nature and the subject's memory are an expression of an uncertain and stoned subjectivity, mimetic behavior in corporal practices is however a possibility or resistance against instrumental rationality.

  7. The Affect of Dissident Language and Aesthetic Emancipation at the Margins: A Possible Dialogue between Theodor W. Adorno and Julia Kristeva

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    Marcia Morgan

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I focus on the interaction between affect and language as articulated in the works of Theodor W. Adorno and Julia Kristeva, sometimes in inchoate and non-explicit ways. Language is always in transit, exile, and dispossession. All language is the language of another, or the other, and precisely because of this, it is the site of dissenting and conflicting affect. In this context, my paper traces a missed but necessary dialogue between Adorno and Kristeva. Adorno’s diagnosis of failed subjective inwardness, first presented in his book on Kierkegaard, was sustained throughout Adorno’s entire oeuvre, to the very end, in his posthumous 1969 Aesthetic Theory. I will explicate Adorno’s forced collapsing of subjective interiority into a negative space that opens up aesthetic emancipatory potential. In what follows I place Adorno’s negativity of subjective inwardness and the aesthetic potential after the fact of its destruction in dialogue with the writings of Kristeva, who has likewise diagnosed a subjective interiority of negativity but framed the latter in terms of the female, abjection and maternity. I conclude by placing Kristeva’s work in conversation with Adorno’s philosophy of the language of music, as one example of their shared framework for aesthetic emancipatory experience.

  8. A model for Southern Mediterranean research institute self-assessment: a SWOT analysis-based approach to promote capacity building at Theodor Bilharz Research Institute in Cairo (Egypt).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghinolfi, Davide; El Baz, Hanan G; Borgonovi, Elio; Radwan, Amr; Laurence, Ola; Sayed, Hanan A; De Simone, Paolo; Abdelwadoud, Moaz; Stefani, Alessandro; Botros, Sanaa S; Filipponi, Franco

    2014-01-01

    THEBERA is a project funded by the European Union (EU), as an ERA-WIDE FP7 project, aiming to strengthen the Theodor Bilharz Research Institute (TBRI) capacities. A SWOT (strength/weakness/opportunities/threats) analysis of human, structural and organisational existing resources was performed in light of an extensive analysis of liver disease research and clinical management in Egypt, for a full understanding of TBRI needs. Strength and weakness features were identified and analysed, so were actions to be implemented and targets to be accomplished, to develop a business plan gathering the required critical mass (political, scientific, industrial, social) to select investment priorities, to sacrifice non-strategic areas of research, to promote national and international connections and industrial innovations, to update diagnostics and research device technologies and clinical management processes at European levels, to implement fundraising activities, to organise and properly assess training activities for young researchers, physicians, nurses, and technicians. Research institute self assessment is a priority need for sustainable capacity building and for future build-up of a competent health care research institute. Sustainable capacity building strategies must be designed on needs assessment, involving salient requirements: clear strategy, leverage of administrative capacities, industrial support and connections, systematised training programmes and enhancement of mobility of health care staff implemented within ill-defined boundaries and continuously re-evaluated with multiple feedback loops in order to build a complex, adaptable and reliable system based on value. Copyright © 2014 Arab Journal of Gastroenterology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Turismo como Vetor de Desenvolvimento Local: um olhar através das idéias de Theodor Adorno e Max Horkeimer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alba Oliveira Barbosa Lopes

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumo

    Este ensaio procura compreender a relação entre turismo e desenvolvimento. Para tanto, se apóia em uma pesquisa bibliográfica e dá ênfase especial as ideias de Theodor Adorno e Max Horkheimer. Embora esses autores não tenham discutido a temática do turismo, mas, as suas ideias relativas à valorização da ciência positivista e sua influência para a legitimação dos dados e fatos econômicos que apóiam investimentos governamentais, podem contribuir com uma reflexão crítica. Destacam-se, também, as suas discussões sobre Indústria Cultural, onde a mercantilização de atividades culturais e a valorização do prazer contribuem para a acriticidade dos homens. Os países em desenvolvimento são impulsionados a direcionar suas estratégias para um crescimento sócio-econômico no sentido de dinamizar setores capazes de gerar emprego e estimular a melhoria da qualidade de vida da população. Este artigo pressupõe que o questionamento do potencial turístico enquanto vetor de desenvolvimento não deve ser negado, supõe, contudo, que as bases do modelo de desenvolvimento devem ser melhor analisadas para além da racionalidade instrumental, de forma a evitar uma percepção acrítica da atividade turística, como também, a adoção inapropriada de modelos de desenvolvimento que não atendem às necessidades da comunidade local.

    Palavras-chave: turismo; desenvolvimento; indústria cultural.AbstractThis essay seeks to understand the relationship between tourism and development. For that, it

  10. Amistades Internacionales como contribución a la paz. La correspondencia entre Paul Rivet y Theodor Koch - Grünberg en el contexto de la Primera Guerra Mundial.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Kraus.

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the correspondence between the French anthropologist paul rivet (1876-1958, and the german anthropologist theodor Koch-grünberg (1872-1924 after the First World War. the letters illustrate how both anthropologists struggled to reactivate the scientifc exchange between the two nations which had been interrupted by the war. their interest in common research themes, which had always transcended their national borders, established a collaborative attempt to overcome hostility and further appreciate international discourses over national ideologies.

  11. Críticas e possibilidades da educação e da escola na contemporaneidade: lições de Theodor Adorno para o currículo Criticism and possibilities of education and school in the present: lessons of Theodor Adorno for the curriculum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Amelia Teixeira Vilela

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available O texto apresenta a dimensão sociológica do pensamento de Theodor Adorno e a sua análise crítica dirigida à escola e ao sistema de ensino, destacando sua atualidade. Retoma-se, também, a discussão sobre a educação para a "emancipação", segundo o teórico, procurando demonstrar que o desafio apontado por ele, para que a Educação possa ser capaz de criar a base para a construção de uma sociedade livre da barbárie, continua atual. Transportada para os desafios que se colocam para a Educação, no atual cenário do neoliberalismo globalizado e de suas contradições, a apropriação do potencial da epistemologia de Adorno torna-se fundamental ao debate da relação entre a escola e a sociedade no mundo contemporâneo, evidenciando como o seu pensamento reforça posturas que, na contemporaneidade, tributam à escola um papel importante na construção de novas relações pedagógicas, orientadas para a produção de novas formas de cidadania, visando construir um mundo no qual se possa viver com justiça e dignidade.The text presents the sociological dimension of the thought of Theodor Adorno and his critical analyses pointed to the school and to the educational system, highlighting how it is up-to-date. It also comes back to the discussion of Adorno about education for the emancipation and it shows that the challenge pointed by him for the education to be capable of creating the foundations for the construction of a society free from barbarism continues to be present. Transferred to the challenges that lay ahead for education, in the present scenery of the global new liberalism and its contradictions, the appropriation of the potential of the epistemology of Adorno becomes fundamental in the debate about the relation between the school and the society in the contemporary world, showing how his knowledge reinforces postures that, in the present, demand from the school an important role in the construction of new pedagogical relations

  12. Theodor Lutsu mälestusi (III) / Theodor Luts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luts, Theodor, 1896-1980

    1989-01-01

    Õppe-propagandafilm "Gaas! Gaas! Gaas!" ("Th. Lutsu Filmiproduktsioon", 1931), dokumentaalfilm "Ruhno" ("Th. Lutsu Filmiproduktsioon", 1931) ja mängufilm "Päikese lapsed" ("Th. Lutsu Filmiproduktsioon" ja "Suomi Film", 1932)

  13. Theodore von Karman - Rocket Scientist

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    child, Karman could mentally multiply large numbers. His father didn't like such mental feats and ... multiple-choice tests and Britannia-child-genius type quiz contests. Karman studied at the Mint Gymnasium, ... approximation in supersonic flow. Another significant development was the initiation of the study of rocketry that.

  14. Theodore von Karman - Rocket Scientist

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    child, Karman could mentally multiply large numbers. His father didn't like such mental feats and ... multiple-choice tests and Britannia-child-genius type quiz contests. Karman studied at the Mint Gymnasium, ... Another significant development was the initiation of the study of rocketry that eventually led to the formation of ...

  15. Early Scholars' Visits to Central America: Reports by Karl Sapper, Walter Lehmann, and Franz Termer, edited by Marilyn Beaudry-Corbett and Ellen T Hardy, Theodore E Gutman, 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles C. Kolb

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available The Cotsen Institute's Director of Publications is archaeologist Marilyn Beaudry-Corbett, herself a specialist on the production and distribution of archaeological ceramics in Mesoamerica and Central America and a scholar of complex society economic organization. Her colleague and the co-editor of this volume, Ellen Hardy, is a Research Associate at The Cotsen Institute and an expert on mortuary customs of the Nicoya region. Theodore (Ted Gutman (1909-1997 was a longtime supporter of the Institute at UCLA worked on a number of translation projects, several of which are presented here. He was the translator of Karl Sapper's Verapaz im 16. und 17. jahrhundert, which appeared as The Verapaz in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries: A Contribution to the Historical Geography and Ethnography of Northeastern Guatemala (Los Angeles, University of California, Institute of Archae­ology, Occasional Paper 13, 1985. The contributors to the volume's narrative include, in addtion to Beaudry-Corbett and Hardy, nine other anthropologists who are recognized experts on the region and subject matter.

  16. Turmwächter oder letzter Baumeister der Karlsbrücke?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hlobil, Ivo

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 62, č. 2 (2014), s. 163-164 ISSN 0049-5123 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : Late Gothic sculpture * man with monkey * Charles Bridge * Prague Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  17. Modifications of imaging spectroscopy methods for increases spatial and temporal consistency: A case study of change in leafy spurge distribution between 1999 and 2001 in Theodore Roosevelt National Park, North Dakota

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dudek, Kathleen Burke

    The noxious weed leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula L.) has spread throughout the northern Great Plains of North America since it was introduced in the early 1800s, and it is currently a significant management concern. Accurate, rapid location and repeatable measurements are critical for successful temporal monitoring of infestations. Imaging spectroscopy is well suited for identification of spurge; however, the development and dissemination of standardized hyperspectral mapping procedures that produce consistent multi-temporal maps has been absent. Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) data, collected in 1999 and 2001 over Theodore Roosevelt National Park, North Dakota, were used to locate leafy spurge. Published image-processing methods were tested to determine the most successful for consistent maps. Best results were obtained using: (1) NDVI masking; (2) cross-track illumination correction; (3) image-derived spectral libraries; and (4) mixture-tuned matched filtering algorithm. Application of the algorithm was modified to standardize processing and eliminate threshold decisions; the image-derived library was refined to eliminate additional variability. Primary (spurge dominant), secondary (spurge non-dominant), abundance, and area-wide vegetation maps were produced. Map accuracies were analyzed with point, polygon, and grid reference sets, using confusion matrices and regression between field-measured and image-derived abundances. Accuracies were recalculated after applying a majority filter, and buffers ranging from 1-5 pixels wide around classified pixels, to accommodate poor reference-image alignment. Overall accuracy varied from 39% to 82%, however, regression analyses yielded r2 = 0.725, indicating a strong relationship between field and image-derived densities. Accuracy was sensitive to: (1) registration offsets between field and image locations; (2) modification of analytical methods; and (3) reference data quality. Sensor viewing angle

  18. [Our surgical heritage. Theodore Billroth and music].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kern, E

    1982-01-01

    Since his early youth Billroth had an extraordinary aptitude for music and actively practised music. Billroth developed to a piano player of high standing. Even as a young professor in ordinary for surgery he worked as a composer of music and wrote critical essays of concerts for journals of music. Later on, a lifelong friendship developed between him and the famous composer Johannes Brahms in Vienna.

  19. Theodore Prodromos’ Bion Prasis: A Reappraisal

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    Przemysław Marciniak

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Prodromos’ dialogue is not so much an imitation of Lucian’s Sale of Lives but a new comic conversation, made up of classicizing references meaningful to the educated students of the twelfth century.

  20. Keila-Joa loss / Theodor Gehlhaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gehlhaar, Theodor, 1805-1871

    1996-01-01

    Lossiansambel, fragment 19. saj. keskpaiga kaardilt; lk. 328-329 (loss, Th. Gehlhaari akvatinta, 1832-1833. a.) värv.; lk. 330 (lossiansambel, Th. Gehlhaari akvatinta, 19. saj. II veerand), värv.; lk. 331 (lossiansambel, postkaart 1910. aastatest), värv.

  1. 1420-IJBCS-Article-Theodore K. Yao

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    L'étude propose un état des lieux de la qualité chimique des eaux souterraines ainsi que leur situation vis-à-vis d'éléments toxiques d'origine .... Les travaux de dosage ont lieu au laboratoire de la Chaire Génie Analytique du ..... forêt produit de la matière organique qui, en se décomposant libère de l'azote qui sera.

  2. 2430-IJBCS-Article-Kouakou Theodore Kouadio+

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    Euphorbiaceae. 1. 2. Deeringiana pruerens. Fabaceae. 1. 1. Dioscorea alata. Dioscoreaceae. 6. 56. Dioscorea cayenensis-rotundata. Dioscoreaceae. 5. 11. Glycine max. Fabaceae. 2. 16. Ipomea batatas. Convolvulaceae. 1. 10. Justicia tenela. Acanthaceae. 1. 1. Lactuca sativa. Asteraceae. 2. 11. Lycopersicon esculentum.

  3. Theodor von Heldreich (1822-1902) and his Turkish collections

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baytop, Asuman; Tan, Kit

    2008-01-01

    excluding 2 in the United States. He is commemorated by the genus Heldreichia Boiss. (Brassicaceae), which has 4 species in Turkey. Numerous other taxa bear the epithets heldreichii, heldreichianus, -a or -um. At least 18 such taxa are listed in the Flora of Turkey. Heldreich died in Athens at the age of 80....... He had 3 daughters and his youngest daughter lived till the 1960s. There are no surviving descendants....

  4. Dictionnaire biographique des musiciens / Baker, Theodore, Slonimsky, Nicolas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Baker, Theodore

    1995-01-01

    Eesti muusikutest: Aarne, Els (lk. 1). Aav, Evald (1). Aavik, Juhan (2). Eller, Heino (1149). Ernesaks, Gustav (1180). Järvi, Neeme (1951). Kapp. Artur (2036). Kapp, Eugen (2036). Kapp, Villem (2037). Kasemets, Udo (2050-2051). Mägi [Myagi], Ester (2923). Pärt, Arvo (3114-3115). Rääts, Jaan (3321). Saar, Mart (3558). Sumera, Lepo (4099). Tamberg, Eino (4151). Tobias, Rudolf (4240). Tubin, Eduard (4288)

  5. Musikale aanleg: 'n empiriese ondersoek. / Theodore Cuyler de Villiers

    OpenAIRE

    De Villiers, Theodore Cuyler

    1982-01-01

    MOTIVATION FOR THE INVESTIGATION: A real need exists within Departments of Education, schools and other training centres for suitable objective measuring devices for selection, placement and diagnosis regarding the musical aptitude of pupils and students. The sooner special aptitude in a child is discovered and opportunities for further development are given, the better the chances for future success, achievement and self-realisation. PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken wi...

  6. Kui too suvi poleks olnud nii vihmane / Theodore K. Rabb

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rabb, Theodore K.

    2003-01-01

    1520. aastatest, mil olid rängad ilmastiku tingimused, mis takistasid Osmanite sultani Süleyman Toreda sissetungi Euroopasse. Samal teemal : Pierson, Peter. Kui püha liiga poleks kõikuma löönud, lk. 128

  7. Theodore E. Woodward Award: The devastating backlash of a dread disease: poliomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Billings, F Tremaine; Collins, Robert D

    2005-01-01

    The paper is in three parts. 1) A description of acute anterior poliomyelitis; 2) A summary of the condition of post-polio syndrome; 3) A description of two small epidemics of poliomyelitis juxtaposed and related to one another.

  8. La natura del soggetto. Riflessioni sul pensiero di Theodor W. Adorno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lothar Knatz

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The Nature of Subjectivity. Some Remarks on Adorno's Thinking - This paper offers a careful reading of Adorno’s work in order to clarify the sense and meaning of the mutual dependence of body and soul in his thinking. The mind/body relationship always occurs when Adorno describes the totality of man, not just the subject as a cognitive matter, but also as a bodily, sensitive and sensual subject. This image of the human as a living being has been a focus of Adorno’s philosophy, and represents a permanent warning for philosophical research, recalling its fragility and its proximity to life.

  9. Theodore E. Woodward Award: The Devastating Backlash of a Dread Disease: Poliomyelitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Billings, F. Tremaine; Collins, Robert D

    2005-01-01

    The paper is in three parts. 1) A description of acute anterior poliomyelitis; 2) A summary of the condition of post-polio syndrome; 3) A description of two small epidemics of poliomyelitis juxtaposed and related to one another. PMID:16555605

  10. Autonomia e Engajamento: Arte como esclarecimento na visão de Theodor Adorno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Fátima Bessa Soares

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available

    O presente trabalho tem como foco o conceito de esclarecimento e sua relação com a autonomia ou engajamento da arte contemporânea. Trataremos da relação entre mito e esclarecimento e localizaremos a indústria cultural frente a esses dois conceitos. Em seguida discutiremos a posição da arte contemporânea diante da indústria cultural, e finalmente traremos dois exemplos do teatro brasileiro.

    Palavras-chave: Arte autônoma, arte engajada, Indústria Cultural, Teatro brasileiro,

  11. DEPTH - OBSERVATION and Other Data from THEODORE N. GILL (NODC Accession 9300122)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These data were digitized from the manuscript "Special Scientific Report--Fisheries No. 210, pp. 1-9 (1957) Physical Oceanographic, Biological, and Chemical Data...

  12. 78 FR 45953 - Theodore Roosevelt National Wildlife Refuge, Sharkey County, MS; and Holt Collier National...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-30

    ... near Darlove, MS. The refuge is open year-round for wildlife-related activities such as hunting... provide refuge managers with a 15-year plan for achieving refuge purposes and contributing toward the..., wildlife photography, and environmental education and interpretation. We will review and update the CCP at...

  13. [A note on the technical debate between Reich/Fenichel and Theodor Reik (1932-1936)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schröter, Michael

    2005-01-01

    Wilhelm Reich's technical emphasis on the "systematic analysis of defenses" was controversial even before 1933. His main opponent in this field was Reik who expressed his criticism several times from 1932 to 1935. For Reik, the analytical process was essentially open, dependent on surprise. Fenichel, Reich's ally, defended a "scientific" approach, as opposed to "intuition", but later adopted a mediatory position.

  14. The Underappreciated Doctors of The American Civil Rights Movement. Part I: Theodore Roosevelt Mason Howard, MD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    deShazo, Richard D; Parker, Sara B

    2017-07-01

    During the fight to end segregation in the United States, most of the 25 or so black physicians who had not already left Mississippi took risks to become active in civil rights locally and nationally. One of the first was T.R.M. Howard, MD, whose life story is both an encouragement and warning for today's physicians. Howard, the protégé of a white Adventist physician, became active in civil rights during medical school. While serving as chief surgeon of the all-black hospital in Mississippi, he formed his own civil rights organization in 1951 and worked to solve the shootings of 2 of its members, George Lee and Gus Courts, and the murder of Emmett Till in 1955. His reports of these events and collaborations with other civil rights icons helped trigger the modern civil rights movement. At the same time, he became a nationally known proponent of abortion rights and then fled to Chicago in 1956, after arming his Delta mansion with long guns and a Thompson machine gun. Howard will be remembered for many things, including his activism for the social determinants of health as president of the National Medical Association. Copyright © 2017 Southern Society for Clinical Investigation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Introduction to astronomy by Theodore Metochites (Stoicheiosis Astronomike 1.5-30)

    CERN Document Server

    Paschos, Emmanuel A

    2017-01-01

    Stoicheiosis Astronomike ("Elements of Astronomy") is a late Byzantine comprehensive introduction to Astronomy. It was written by an outstanding figure in Byzantine culture and politics, who served also as prime minister. This volume makes available for the first time a large part of its astronomical contents, offering the original text with an English translation, accompanied by an introduction and analysis. This book describes the celestial spheres, the rotation of the planets, and especially the apparent trajectory of the sun with its uniform and anomalous rotations, which are used to determine the length of the year. Metochites proposed a new starting date for the calendar (6th of October 1283) specifying the position of the sun on that date. The work revived the interest in studies of Ptolemaic astronomy as attested by numerous annotations in the margins of the manuscripts. Besides its astronomical content there are statements on the epistemological method and other issues elucidating the spirit of tha...

  16. Theodor Hellbrügge: 85 years of age – Ad multos transannos, sanos, fortunatos et beatos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schwartzkopff Othild

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract We honor Theo Hellbrügge's acclaimed endeavors in the rehabilitation, or rather the prehabilitation of handicapped children. So far, he has focused on obvious handicaps, and we trust that he will include concern for everybody's silent handicaps in the future by screening for abnormal variability inside the physiological range. Therein, we introduce cis- and trans-years, components of transdisciplinary spectra that are novel for biology and also in part for physics. These components have periods, respectively, shorter and longer than the calendar year, with a counterpart in magnetoperiodism. Transyears characterize indices of geomagnetic activity and the solar wind's speed and proton density. They are detected, alone or together with circannuals, in physiology as well as in pathology, as illustrated for sudden cardiac death and myocardial infarction, a finding calling for similar studies in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS. As transyears can beat with circannuals, and depend on local factors, their systematic mapping in space and time by transdisciplinary chronomics may serve a better understanding of their putative influence upon the circadian system. Longitudinal monitoring of blood pressure and heart rate detects chronome alterations underlying cardiovascular disease risk, such as that of myocardial infarction and sudden cardiac death. The challenge is to intervene in a timely fashion, preferably at birth, an opportunity for pediatricians in Theo Hellbrügge's footsteps.

  17. The Art and Science of Thyroid Surgery in the Age of Genomics: 100 years after Theodor Kocher

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seza Gulec

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Cancer is a disorder of the genome. The thyroid cancer genome is being decoded. Recent studies have identified a mutation or a genetic alteration in 95% of thyroid cancers. The National Cancer Institute initiated the Cancer Genome Atlas project in 2006 to catalogue genetic mutations associated with cancer, using genome sequencing and bioinformatics. The project has expanded to carry out genomic characterization and sequence analysis of thyroid cancer. The concept of risk stratification based on traditional parameters will soon vacate their role for clear molecular markers of non-invasive/focal, invasive/metastatic and systemic stages/phases of neoplastic disorder. A refined classification scheme based on genomics and its phenotypic expressions will accurately reflect the biologic differences between the different morphologic definitions we use today. Tumor differentiation/de-differentiation, and clinical behavior of an individual cancer will be defined by molecular markers, in addition to standard morpho-pathology. Empiricism in science of medicine and surgery has acquired a new method for testing the appropriate treatment for individual patients; that is molecular pathology, governed by genomics. The technology is present and rapidly evolving. The surgeons will determine the extent of interventions with molecular evidence and guidance.

  18. Early history of subplate and interstitial neurons: from Theodor Meynert (1867) to the discovery of the subplate zone (1974)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Judaš, Miloš; Sedmak, Goran; Pletikos, Mihovil

    2010-01-01

    In this historical review, we trace the early history of research on the fetal subplate zone, subplate neurons and interstitial neurons in the white matter of the adult nervous system. We arrive at several general conclusions. First, a century of research clearly testifies that interstitial neurons, subplate neurons and the subplate zone were first observed and variously described in the human brain – or, in more general terms, in large brains of gyrencephalic mammals, characterized by an abundant white matter and slow and protracted prenatal and postnatal development. Secondly, the subplate zone cannot be meaningfully defined using a single criterion – be it a specific population of cells, fibres or a specific molecular or genetic marker. The subplate zone is a highly dynamic architectonic compartment and its size and cellular composition do not remain constant during development. Thirdly, it is important to make a clear distinction between the subplate zone and the subplate (and interstitial) neurons. The transient existence of the subplate zone (as a specific architectonic compartment of the fetal telencephalic wall) should not be equated with the putative transient existence of subplate neurons. It is clear that in rodents, and to an even greater extent in humans and monkeys, a significant number of subplate cells survive and remain functional throughout life. PMID:20979585

  19. Alexander Theodor von Middendorffi tegevus Liivimaa põllumajanduse edendajana ning tema seosed eesti rahvusliku liikumisega / Erki Tammiksaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammiksaar, Erki, 1969-

    2006-01-01

    Middendorffi tegevusest Peterburis Peterburi Vabamajanduse Seltsi presidendina ja II ülevenemaalise põllumajandusnäituse organiseerijana. Middendorffi agraarpoliitilistest veendumustest, tegevusest Liivimaa Üldkasulikus ja ja Ökonoomilises Sotsieteedis, Middendorffi osast Aleksandrikooli probleemi segapuntras. Kuukirjast Eesti Põllomees ja Middendorffi suhetest J. V. Jannseniga

  20. From Anakin Skywalker to Darth Vader: understanding «Star Wars» based on Theodore Millon´s theory of personality pathology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas de Francisco CARVALHO

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was to psychologically investigate Anakin Skywalker (also known as Darth Vader, using a non sistematic idiographic clinic analysis, based on Thedore Millon theory, with solid theoretical and empirical bases for personality pathological traits and personality disorders. The character Anakin Skywalker allows this analysis, since in the films it is possible to observe fragments of his childhood, adolescence and adult life, making viable an analysis of his psychological development. According to Millon´s theory and the information from the movies, we present as a conclusion a possible pathological personality funtioning for the character.

  1. Sistemática molecular de algunas especies de Lutzomyia spp del grupo verrucarum (Theodor 1965. Búsqueda de marcadores moleculares para la caracterización de especies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. D. Vélez

    2000-02-01

    Full Text Available

    En el nuevo mundo la Leishmaniosis es transmitida por dípteros del género Lutzomyia frança. Este género presenta una amplia diversidad morfológica por lo que ha sido dividida en subgéneros, grupos y series de especies. Se ha propuesto que la reciente especiación de algunos grupos fue debida a cambios climáticos en el pasado, especialmente en el pleistoceno (hace 1.8 millones de años, los cuales sirvieron para aislar poblaciones coespecíficas en diferentes refugios durante períodos secos. El grupo verrucarum es uno de los agrupamientos subgenéricos en el que se incluyen 28 especies. Con base en la morfología de la genitalia de machos se ha subdividido este grupo en las series serrana, verrucarum y towsendi. De estas especies L. evansi se ha incriminado como vector alternativo de Leishmania (Leishmania infantum chagasi en un foco de Leishmaniosis visceral al norte de Colombia. Otras especies se han incriminado en la transmisión de Leishmania (Viannia, agente causante de Leishmaniosis cutánea.

    Debido a la gran controversia sobre la ubicación sistemática de muchos insectos de importancia médica, surgió un macroproyecto del cual hace parte este estudio y que tiene como propósito aportar al conocimiento sobre las relaciones filogenéticas entre especies del género Lutzomyia. Las especies del grupo verrucarum tienen un interés particular debido a las frecuentes dificultades en su determinación taxonómica basada en caracteres morfológicos. Este estudio tiene como objetivo particular realizar un análisis cladístico entre algunas especies alopátricas (distanciadas geográficamente presentes en Colombia, usando secuencias del gen que codifica para la unidad cuatro de la NADH deshidrogenasa mitocondrial, proteína que participa en la fosforilación oxidativa. Estas especies son: L. evansi (Nuñez-Tovar, L. ovallesi (Ortiz, L. spinicrassa (Osorno & Hoyos, L. nuneztovari (Ortiz y L. columbiana (Ristorcelli & Van Ty. El estudio incluye en el análisis secuencias previamente reportadas de L. longipalpis (del subgénero Lutzomyia franca, serie longipalpis y de insectos de otro género, Phlebotomus papatasi. Adicionalmente pretende buscar a través de análisis de polimorfismos en longitud de fragmentos de restricción (RFLP marcadores moleculares propios de especie, los cuales pueden ayudar en su determinación.

    En una primera etapa se estandarizaron las técnicas de preservación de especímenes, extracción de ADN, amplificación, purificación y digestión de la región 5’del gen ND4. A través de ellas se ha obtenido un fragmento de aproximadamente 680 pb para individuos de las especies de estudio y adicionalmente para L. longipalpis y Phlebotomus papatasi. Algunos de los productos amplificados se han secuenciado y dichas secuencias se han editado, alineado y sometido a un análisis filogenético usando el Software phillip 3.5 en el que se logró obtener un cladograma preliminar. Los ensayos de RFLP con las enzimas de restricción Dra I y Vsp I han revelado fragmentos que pueden ser marcadores moleculares diagnósticos de especies al tiempo que revelan polimorfismo intraespecífico para L. evansi y L. ovallesi. Sin embargo las conclusiones sobre su utilidad para estudiar estructura de poblaciones debe ser confirmada aumentando el número de muestras. El estudio se encuentra en la etapa de análisis de los datos y procesamiento de más especímenes para obtener un mayor número de secuencias y RFLP.

  2. ¿Construyendo una “comunidad”? Theodor Alemann y Hermann Tjarks como voceros de la prensa germanoparlante en Buenos Aires, 1914-1918

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katrin Hoffmann

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Durante la Primera Guerra Mundial, la prensa europea fue un instrumento eficaz de propaganda. Más allá de manipular o desmentir noticias, de alentar a la población civil o de atemorizar al enemigo, por primera vez se trató de una prensa que fortaleció sistemáticamente la identificación nacional demonizando al enemigo. De este modo, formó parte de la maquinaria de propaganda moderna en la cual Jeismann constató una doble dinámica. En primer lugar, en el centro bélico, la prensa se caracterizó por su extremada hostilidad contra los valores universales de la historia europea. Al mismo tiempo, exportaba la guerra hacia otros continentes de tal manera que vinculaba y manipulaba los conflictos y aspiraciones de otras regiones y pueblos de modo tal que favorecieran al propio país. Así, los propagandistas de la guerra trataban de controlar y determinar la duración y la intensidad de la misma a través de la globalización del conflicto bélico (Jeismann 2004: 198-200. En este trabajo nos centraremos en la prensa germanoparlante en Buenos Aires durante la Primera Guerra Mundial.

  3. ["... why is it that I see everything so differently ..?" A letter to Theodor Reik about psychoanalytic technique (Berlin, February 7th, 1933)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heimann, Paula

    2005-01-01

    A letter by Paula Heimann to her training analyst Th. Reik, written shortly before her emigration to London, sheds light on some controversies, centering in particular around Wilhelm Reich, which shaped continental psychoanalytic clinical discourse in the early 1930's as well as on Heimann's own future development as a clinician.

  4. Theodore and the fantasy of the self, or afective relationships with machines that look like humans, and humans that also look like humans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baltasar Fernández-Ramírez

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Our models for affective relationships can be found in cultural products as novels, poetry and films. How does a relation begin, continue, and end? Which are the usual characters, or the plot points which structure its development? These are questions that make part of narratives produced and reproduced in our cultural background. From a narrative psychology perspective, affective relationships fit a dynamic in which different characters propose lines of development (intrigues, which in turn prescribe how our participation should be, in which we result embodied, creating the illusion of a “real” relation that it’s no more than a virtual fantasy, being these last terms interchangeable. The fantasy of the self is a strategic narration that we impose to the other and to ourselves for the relation to be and take sense. I use the film Her (Spike Jonze, 2013 to reflect on these topics, using the doubts about the possibility/virtuality of the human-machine relationship for extending the metaphoric of the fantasy of the self in the affective relationship. In the tradition of the romantic and science-fiction narrative, the machine is that we try to impose on our demiurgic fantasy, imperfect perfection of human beings, and that finally transcends us, raising doubts about the reality/virtuality of our own presence in the narrations in which we lived

  5. 1694-IJBCS-Article-Satumin Houndji

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    ascorbique, et riboflavine), des protéines et des minéraux tels que le fer et le calcium. (Tchiegang et Kitikil, 2004; Akubugwo et al.,. 2007; Avallone et al., 2007; Ndong et al.,. 2007; Afoloyan et Jimoh, 2009). En plus de leurs qualités alimentaires et nutritionnelles, les légumes feuilles ont des propriétés curatives, régulatrices ...

  6. Sequential courses: Assessment of the university teacher profession based on Theodor Wiesegrund Adorno’s theory in the texts “Taboos on the Profession of Teaching” and “Cultural Industry” Cursos seqüenciais: avaliação da profissão professor universitário a luz da teoria de Theodor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Domenes Zapparoli

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabela normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman";} The creation of the sequential courses is the most recent innovation in the reform of the Brazilian higher education. The university crises and reforms at the modern time were ruled by the accusations of perpetuating, in Higher Education institutions, outdated teachings based on the old medieval authorities (CHARLE; VERGER, 1996. These factors have led to the creation of international programs of evaluation. In the national plan, Brazil began its course on evaluation in the Programa de Avaliação das Universidades Brasileiras (PAIUB, implemented in 1993, and changed in 1996 into the Exame Nacional de Cursos (ENC – Provão and in April, 2004, into the Sistema Nacional de Avaliação do Ensino Superior (Sinaes. These modifications increase the problems that involve such a controversial subject: the assessment. The purpose of this research is to apprehend the academical evaluation of teachers of sequential courses, based on the theories: “Cultural Industry” and “Taboos on the profession of teaching” in which Adorn deals with the humanity treatment as an immediate presupposition of the survival. First, 400 questionnaires were sent to students of the sequential courses of a university and 227 were answered. The study enabled us to verify that in the academical community the evaluation system provides what is called barbarism, which is present in the effective sale of courses and closing of others that do not reach good classification. The evaluation system involves taboos that need to be better understood as a form of barbarism. In order to get rid of barbarism, the university has to get free from the taboos the students have when, in the implied sense of the evaluation instruments, they are assigned to making the evaluation under the pressure which reproduces the barbarism.   Normal 0 21 MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabela normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman";} A criação dos cursos seqüenciais é a mais recente inovação na reforma do ensino superior brasileiro. As crises e reformas da universidade na época moderna se pautavam nas acusações de se haverem perpetuado na instituição de ensino superior ensinamentos ultrapassados, baseando-se nas antigas autoridades medievais (CHARLE ; VERGER, 1996. Esses fatores vêm levando à criação de programas internacionais de avaliação. No plano nacional, o Brasil tem sua trajetória de avaliação iniciada no Programa de Avaliação das Universidades Brasileiras (PAIUB, implementado em 1993, que se transformou, em 1996, no Exame Nacional de Cursos (ENC-Provão e, em abril de 2004, no Sistema Nacional de Avaliação da Educação Superior (SINAES. Essas modificações aumentam os problemas que envolvem uma questão tão polêmica, a avaliação. Nesse sentido, esta pesquisa tem por objetivo apreender a avaliação do professor universitário de cursos seqüenciais sob a luz da teoria ‘A Indústria Cultural’ e ‘Tabus acerca do magistério’ no qual Adorno trata da desbarbarização da humanidade como pressuposto imediato da sobrevivência. Como metodologia, além da fundamentação teórica, foram aplicados 400 questionários e retornaram 227 respondidos pelos alunos dos cursos seqüenciais de uma universidade. O estudo permitiu evidenciar que na comunidade universitária o sistema de avaliação proporciona o que se pode chamar de barbárie, presente nas vendas de cursos e fechamento de outros que não conseguem boa classificação, não havendo mecanismo que considerem a demanda social. Para que a desbarbarização se objetive a universidade precisa libertar-se dos tabus que os alunos possuem quando, nas entrelinhas dos instrumentos de avaliação, são incumbidos de efetuar a avaliação sob cuja pressão se reproduz à barbárie.    

  7. Filmiloo annus mirabilis 1927 ja eesti mängufilm. Taastatud "Noored kotkad" pidulikel kontsertesitlustel ja DVD-levis / Jaak Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Jaak

    2008-01-01

    Theodor Lutsu tummfilm "Noored kotkad" (1927). Filmile eelnenud ajast, filmi valmimisest, kaastegijatest ning toetajatest. Filmi publikuhuvist, kinoorkestritest, kes filmi erinevates kinodes saatsid. Filmi kajastamisest ajakirjanduses 1927. aastal. Artikli lõpus Theodor Lutsust

  8. Psychopathy factors and risk for aggressive behavior: a test of the "threatened egotism" hypothesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cale, Ellison M; Lilienfeld, Scott O

    2006-02-01

    The primary purpose of this study was to examine psychopathy within a model of aggressive behavior that encompasses narcissism and "threatened egoism." This model was advanced by Baumeister and his colleagues (e.g., R. F. Baumeister, L. Smart, & J. M. Boden, 1996; B. J. Bushman & R. F. Baumeister, 1998). We examined whether the threatened egotism model extends to the construct of psychopathy and whether the two factors underlying psychopathy exhibit different associations with aggression within this model. Self-report data, correctional officer and counselor reports, and disciplinary report information obtained for 98 male inmates provided partial evidence that psychopathic individuals tend to respond aggressively when confronted with an ego threat. Moreover, psychopathic individuals exhibited this pattern of aggression more strongly than did narcissistic individuals. These findings bear potentially useful implications for the understanding and treatment of aggression in forensic populations.

  9. Les phlébotomes (Diptera-Psychodidae de l'île de Chypre.II - Presence de Leishmania (Leishmania infantum Nicolle, 1908 (zymodeme MON 1 chez Phlebotomus (Larroussius tobbi Adler et Theodor, 1930

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Léger N.

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Dans le foyer leishmanien cypriote, les auteurs ont disséqué 2910 femelles de phlébotomes appartenant à 11 espèces : Phlebotomus papatasi, P. sergenti, P. jacusieli, P. alexandri, P. tobbi, P. galilaeus, P. mascittii, P. economidesi, Sergentomyia fallax, S. minuta et S. azizi . Les deux larroussius (P. galilaeus et P. tobbi sont les espèces les plus abondantes. Elles représentent plus de 60 % des captures réalisées avec des pièges CDC. Des promastigotes ont été observées chez un seul spécimen appartenant à l'espèce P. tobbi. Elles ont été mises en culture puis identifiées selon la méthode isoenzymatique. La souche de Leishmania isolée appartient à l'espèce Leishmania infantum, zymodème MON 1. Le même zymodème a été aussi isolé et identifié chez quatre chiens de l'île. En l'absence des vecteurs habituels de L. infantum dans l'est méditerranéen (P. neglectus ef P. syriacus et en raison de sa répartition à Chypre, P. tobbi constitue vraisemblablement un bon vecteur local. Sa faible anthropophilie expliquerait peut-être le très faible nombre de cas humains. Le rôle de P. galilaeus dans la transmission de la leishmaniose à Chypre reste à préciser.

  10. Theodor Billroth's vision and Karl Ziegler's action: commemoration of the 40th day of death and the 50th anniversary of conferment of Nobel Prize for Chemistry of Karl Ziegler.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapischke, Matthias; Pries, Alexandra

    2014-02-01

    Alloplastic materials are broadly used in modern surgery. Until the middle of the 20th century, metal materials and especially silver were used because of their antimicrobial properties. With the development of a new catalytic process for the production of high-density polyethylene and polypropylene materials, a new era of prosthesis was introduced. These polymers are integral part of our everyday operations surgery, especially in hernia repair. The famous surgeon Billroth mentioned to his pupil Czerny in 1878: "If we could artificially produce tissues of the density and toughness of fascia and tendon, the secret of the radical cure of hernia would be discovered". The polypropylene developed by Karl Ziegler gave the surgeon a material for daily practice, which in its properties (nearly) achieved Billroth's initial vision. In 1963 the Nobel Prize for Chemistry was awarded to Karl Ziegler and Giulio Natta in Stockholm. Furthermore, August 11, 2013 will be the 40th anniversary of Karl Ziegler's death. This manuscript honors both days. Copyright © 2014 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Is it economical to manage jointly for wood and carbon under the Climate Action Reserve Protocol? In: Standiford, Richard B.; Weller, Theodore J.; Piirto, Douglas D.; Stuart, John D., tech

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richard P. Thompson; Steve R. Auten

    2012-01-01

    To quantify the benefits and costs of modifying forest management for additional climate benefits, Cal Poly's Swanton Pacific demonstration forest was used to test the Climate Action Reserve's protocol and identify management strategies for both wood and carbon markets. Residing in the Southern Sub-district with its clearcutting restrictions, Swanton offers...

  12. 2014 Copyright © 2014, CRISA Publications SELF-CONTROL AND

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    impedes their self-regulating behaviour. (Baumeister & Heatherton, 1996). Various studies have established a re- lationship between deficits in self-control and alcohol use among young people. For example, Tangney et al. (2004), in a study with American undergraduate students, found that behaviours linked to alcohol.

  13. Discussing the transformative functioning of occupation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Josephsson, Staffan; Madsen, Jacob Østergaard; Aldrich,, Rebecca M.

    ), Narrative - in – action (Ricoeur, Bruner and Mattingly) Personal construct theory (eg Kelly, Sarbin, Little and Baumeister) Intrinsic motivation theory (e g,White, Bandura, Deci & Ryan, etc), and Developmental theory (Piaget, Erikson, Baltes, etc), Importance to occupational science: Occupation is used...

  14. Bullying May Be Fueled by the Desperate Need to Belong

    Science.gov (United States)

    Underwood, Marion K.; Ehrenreich, Samuel E.

    2014-01-01

    Human beings have a fundamental need to belong, for ongoing positive interactions with others who provide companionship and caring (Baumeister & Leary, 1995). Children may hit, exclude, or harass others electronically because when their own needs for belongingness are threatened, or when they want to enhance their own status, they lash out and…

  15. CHILDREN’S DAMAGED OR FRAGILE SELF-ESTEEM: LINKS TO PSYCHOPATHOLOGY AND VICTIMIZATION

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leeuwis, F.H.; Koot, H.M.; Creemers, D.; van Lier, P.A.C.

    2012-01-01

    Background: Self-esteem has been the focus of a vast body of literature over the last decades because of its association with psychopathology (e.g. Baumeister, 2003). Most of the research into self-esteem focused on explicit self-esteem. Recently, however, it has been proposed that implicit

  16. Binge Eating as Related to Negative Self-Awareness, Depression, and Avoidance Coping in Undergraduates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwarze, Nicole J.; Oliver, J. M.; Handal, P. J.

    2003-01-01

    In an investigation of Heatherton and Baumeister's (1991) theory of binge eating, 207 female undergraduate students were grouped as binge eaters (BE) or non-eating-disordered (NED) for analyses. The BE group scored significantly higher than the NED group on avoidance coping and substance use when depression was not controlled; however, after…

  17. Personal ways of handling everyday life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Lasse Meinert

    While there has been repeated calls for Personality Psychology to study persons' behavior in real situations (for instance, Funder, 2001; Baumeister, Funder & Vohs, 2005), what persons actually do in their everyday lives is still a neglected area of research in Personality Psychology.  But studying...

  18. Numerical Taxonomy of Old World Phlebotominae (Diptera: Psychodidae: 1. Considerations of Morphological Characters in the Genus Phlebotomus Rondani & Berté 1840

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rispail Philippe

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Numerical analyses (correspondence analysis, ascending hierarchical classification, cladistic approach were applied to the morphological characters of the adults of the genus Phlebotomus Rondani & Berté 1840. They confirm the reliability of the classic classifications, and also redefine the taxonomic and phylogenetic position of certain taxa. Thus, Spelaeophlebotomus Theodor 1948, Idiophlebotomus Quate & Fairchild 1961 and Australophlebotomus Theodor 1948 deserve generic rank. Among the vectors of leishmaniasis, the subgenus Phlebotomus Rondani & Berté 1840 is probably ancient. The results attribute an intermediate taxonomic and phylogenetic position to the taxa Euphlebotomus Theodor 1948 and Anaphlebotomus Theodor 1948, and reveal the probable artificial nature of the latter. The comparatively large numbers of species of subgenera Paraphlebotomus Theodor 1948, Synphlebotomus Theodor 1948 and, above all, Larroussius Nitzulescu 1931 and Adlerius Nitzulescu 1931, suggest that they are relatively recent. The development of adult morphological characters, the validity of their use in taxonomy and proposals for further studies are discussed.

  19. Raamat, milleta ma oma eriala ette ei kujuta / Tõnu Kollo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kollo, Tõnu, 1948-

    2014-01-01

    Raamatututvustus: Perelman, Jakov. Elav matemaatika : lugusid matemaatikast ja nuputamisülesandeid. Tallinn, 1989. Anderson, Theodore W. An Introduction to Multivariate Statistical Analysis. Wiley, 2003

  20. Diverse opslag i Sociologisk leksikon

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Steen Nepper

    2011-01-01

    A posteriori, a priori, Adorno, Theodor Wiesengrund, afsubstantialisering, agora, aksiom, alternation, animal symbolicum, antropomorf, apperception, autotelisk selv, Berufsverbot, cirkelslutning, Dasein, Debord, Guy, dikotomi, dualisme, entropi, essentialisme, fait social, folkelighed, forforståe......A posteriori, a priori, Adorno, Theodor Wiesengrund, afsubstantialisering, agora, aksiom, alternation, animal symbolicum, antropomorf, apperception, autotelisk selv, Berufsverbot, cirkelslutning, Dasein, Debord, Guy, dikotomi, dualisme, entropi, essentialisme, fait social, folkelighed...

  1. The Relationship between Intimacy Change and Passion: A Dyadic Diary Study

    OpenAIRE

    Aykutoğlu, Bülent; Uysal, Ahmet

    2017-01-01

    In the current study we investigated the association between intimacy and passion by testing whether increases in intimacy generates passion (Baumeister and Bratslavsky, 1999). Furthermore, we examined whether there are partner effects in intimacy change and passion link. Couples (N = 75) participated in a 14-day long diary study. Dyadic multilevel analyses with residualized intimacy change scores showed that both actors’ and partners’ intimacy change positively predicted actor’s passion. How...

  2. Scrum and Self-Control : How a team-based software development methodology can support team members' self-control

    OpenAIRE

    Heß, Philipp

    2016-01-01

    Scrum is an agile software development methodology that suggests highly structured and iterative processes of software development by small autonomous teams (Schwaber & Sutherland, 2011). It is hypothesized that Scrum can be implemented in a way that supports and potentially improves Development Team members’ self-control. High self-control yields positive effects in countless life domains (Tangney, Baumeister, & Boone, 2004). One correlative study with 23 Development Teams and...

  3. Hector Zazou helisulamid ekraani ja ajalooga / Immo Mihkelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mihkelson, Immo, 1959-

    2005-01-01

    IX Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali avalöögiks on kontsert-filmiseansid Tartus ja Tallinnas, kus Theodor Dreyeri tummfilmi "Jeanne d'Arci kannatused" (Prantsusmaa 1928) saadab prantsuse muusik Hector Zazou

  4. Micro-Propagation of Disease Resistant Cassava Variety in Rwanda ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Micro-Propagation of Disease Resistant Cassava Variety in Rwanda. Isidore Mushiyimana, Emmanuel Hakizimana, Gervais Gashaka, Peter Yao Kanze Sallah, Safia Kalisa, Felix Gatunzi, Theodore Asiimwe, Jane Kahia, Daphrose Gahakwa ...

  5. Põlva poisid teevad filmiga ilma / Tiia Allas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Allas, Tiia

    2000-01-01

    Põlvas elavad kooliõpilased Christian Kask ja Daniel Müntinen said Theodor Lutsu filmipäevadel parima animafilmi auhinna oma filmiga "UFO" ja kandideerisid lühimängufilmidega "Voitkajaht" ja "Snaiper" peaauhinnale

  6. Middendorffi õhtud : Peterburi haritlaskonna seltskonnaelust XIX sajandi teisel poolel / Ada Ambus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ambus, Ada

    2005-01-01

    Hermann Daltoni ja Ferdinand Johann Wiedemanni mälestused valitud teadlasteringi kooskäimistest Petreburis, baltisaksa geograafi Alexander Theodor von Middendorffi juures. Sisaldab ka kooskäinud isikute nimekirja

  7. Meie "oma" Unabomber - kes ta on? / Valdek Kiiver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiiver, Valdek

    2005-01-01

    1995. a. tabasid USA võimud riiki 17 aastat kirjapommidega terroriseerinud kurjategija, keda kutsuti Unabomberiks. Theodore Kaczynsky (Unabomberi) tegevusest ja tabamisest. Vt. samas: Oklahoma, 1995. Timothy McVeigh kui Oklahoma föderaalkohtuhoones plahvatuse organiseerija

  8. Book Review: Review Manual for Massachusetts General Hospital ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. Book Title: Review Manual for Massachusetts General Hospital Handbook of. General Hospital Psychiatry. 5th ed. Book Author: Theodore A. Stern. Pp 121. Philadelphia: Elsevier Mosby. 2004. ISBN 0-323-02768-7.

  9. De psychoanalyse als joodse zaak

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Poorthuis, Marcel; Welten, Ruud; de Kesel, Marc

    2018-01-01

    Lacan's ideas about trauma and revelation have strongly been influenced by Kabbala and midrash, especially as read by Theodor Reik, who creates himself a kind of counter-history of the Bible, equating the Golden Calf with God. .

  10. The Anniversary of the First Public Announcement of the Successful Test of Fission Proceedings (50th) Held in Washington, DC on 17 January 1989

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-17

    Larson Energy Consultant Dr. Theodore P. Perros , Chairman Chemistry Department The George Washingtbn University Dr. Sam Rothman Professor and... Perros Ms. Nancy Jo Nicholas Chemistry Department I Graduate Student The George Washington Department of Physics University The George Washington

  11. Kui päevapiltnikud Pärnusse jõudsid / Vello Paatsi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paatsi, Vello, 1948-2015

    2016-01-01

    Dagerrotüpist Carl Borchardt töötas Pärnus 1844. a. Fotograafide Friedrich Wilhelm Louis Seidlitzi, Theodor Johni, Wilhelm Carl Paul Lanzi jt tegevusest Pärnus. Pärnu linnavaadete albumist (1866)

  12. Kas teeme filmi? Aga miks ka mitte / Ringo Ramul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ramul, Ringo

    2008-01-01

    Artikli autor kirjeldab oma esimesi filmitegemise kogemusi (muuhulgas sai Ringo Ramuli film "Raudtee" Theodor Lutsu filmipäevadel Palamuses parima mängufilmi preemia) ning kutsub noori julgemalt oma filme tegema

  13. 75 FR 69061 - Senior Executive Service; Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-10

    ... Krahn, Steven L Krol, Joseph J Kung, Huijou Harriet Kusnezov, Dimitri F Lagdon Jr, Richard H Lambert... Worley, Michael N Worthington, Jon C Worthington, Patricia R Wu, Chuan-Fu Nmn Wyka Jr, Theodore A Yoshida...

  14. National Wildlife Refuge System

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of the Interior — When President Theodore Roosevelt made Florida's tiny Pelican Island a refuge for birds in 1903, he wrote the ¬first chapter of a great American conservation success...

  15. Eclectica / Jaan-Jürgen Klaus ; interv. Raimu Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Klaus, Jaan-Jürgen

    2007-01-01

    Lühiintervjuu kunstnikust filmimehega, kes paneb festivali "Eclectica" jaoks kokku Tartu filmide programmi. J.-J. Klaus sai Eesti Kinoliidu "Vaba vaimu priisi" Palamusel Theodor Lutsu nimelisel lühifilmide konkursil filmi "Erakpoeet Marko Kompus" eest

  16. Filminduse ökosüsteemi tuleb näha tervikuna / A. K.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    A. K.

    2006-01-01

    Pöff koostöös Euroopa Parlamendiga korraldas Kumu kunstimuuseumi auditooriumis rahvusvahelise konverentsi "Kultuurivärav - film Euroopa kultuuri mitmekesisuse kaitsel". Theodore Schwinke ettekandest, mis käsitles filmiajakirjanduse mõju rahvuslikule filmitoodangule

  17. Filosofia Negativa e Arte: Instrumentos e Roupagens para se Pensar a Educacao (Negative Philosophy and Art: Instruments and Clothing for Thinking about Education).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pucci, Bruno

    2000-01-01

    Synthesizes philosophical and aesthetic insights taken from "Negative Dialectics" (Theodor Adorno) and freely developed from the illuminating sparks generated by the shock of words and things named. Aims to create instruments and clothing for the negative analysis of education. (BT)

  18. 21st Century Military-Media Relationships: Improving Relations and the Narrative Through Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-30

    9 Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, 46. 10 Fred S. Siebert, Theodore Peterson, and Wilbur Schramm, Four Theories of the Press: The...tremendous fiscal and political uncertainty. Likewise, generals DePuy and Starry used education and innovative thinking to rise the hollowed 1970’s...Shining Lie, John Paul Vann and America in Vietnam. New York: Random House, 1988. Siebert, Fred S., Theodore Peterson, and Wilbur Schramm. Four

  19. A Multicenter, Randomized Controlled Trial of Cerebrospinal Fluid Drainage in Acute Spinal Cord Injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-10-01

    PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Nicholas Theodore, MD CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION: Dignity Health San Francisco, CA 94107-1773 REPORT DATE: October 2017...theodore@jhmi.edu 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Dignity Health 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 185...at all three active centers, which include: Barrow Neurological Institute/ Dignity Health (the main study site) in Arizona, the University of Arizona

  20. Angkor Wat

    OpenAIRE

    Bock, Hans Georg; Schäfer, Anja; Altenbach, Holger

    2010-01-01

    Computerbasierte Rekonstruktion der Tempel von Angkor in Kambodscha Vom 9. bis zum 14. Jahrhundert errichteten die Baumeister der Khmer die gigantischen Tempelanlagen von Angkor im heutigen Königreich Kambodscha. Lange Zeit waren sie nahezu vergessen und vom Urwald überwuchert. Erst 1862 wurden sie von französischen Forschern „wiederentdeckt“. Seitdem bemüht man sich darum, die alten Bauwerke der Öffentlichkeit zugänglich zu machen, sie vor weiterem Zerfall zu retten oder zu rekonstruiere...

  1. Reciprocal effects between academic self-concept, self-esteem, achievement, and attainment over seven adolescent years: unidimensional and multidimensional perspectives of self-concept.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marsh, Herbert W; O'Mara, Alison

    2008-04-01

    In their influential review, Baumeister, Campbell, Krueger, and Vohs (2003) concluded that self-esteem--the global component of self-concept--has no effect on subsequent academic performance. In contrast, Marsh and Craven's (2006) review of reciprocal effects models from an explicitly multidimensional perspective demonstrated that academic self-concept and achievement are both a cause and an effect of each other. Ironically, both reviews cited classic Youth in Transition studies in support of their respective claims. In definitive tests of these counter claims, the authors reanalyze these data-including self-esteem (emphasized by Baumeister et al.), academic self-concept (emphasized by Marsh & Craven), and postsecondary educational attainment-using stronger statistical methods based on five waves of data (grade 10 through 5 years after graduation; N=2,213). Integrating apparently discrepant findings under a common theoretical framework based on a multidimensional perspective, academic self-concept had consistent reciprocal effects with both achievement and educational attainment, whereas self-esteem had almost none.

  2. Self-esteem reactions to social interactions: evidence for sociometer mechanisms across days, people, and nations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denissen, Jaap J A; Penke, Lars; Schmitt, David P; van Aken, Marcel A G

    2008-07-01

    People have a fundamental need to belong that motivates them to seek out social interactions with close others (Baumeister & Leary, 1995). Leary and Baumeister's (2000) sociometer theory (SMT) poses that people who succeed in satisfying this need have higher self-esteem (SE). This prediction was tested across three hierarchical levels: intraindividual, interindividual, and international. Indicators of social interaction quantity, quality, and the interaction between quality and quantity were collected for relationships with friends, family members, and romantic partners. On the intraindividual level, relationship quality and the interaction between quantity and quality emerged as significant predictors of daily fluctuations in SE. Cross-lagged analyses indicated that this association is at least partly due to the effect of social inclusion on changes in SE. On an interindividual level, people who generally reported higher quality relationships also had higher levels of trait SE. On an international level, countries whose inhabitants regularly interact with friends were characterized by higher nationwide SE levels than countries without such practices, even when happiness, individualism, gross domestic product, and neuroticism were controlled.

  3. Applications of prospecting geochemical techniques to the search for and to the study of uranium deposits in metropolitan France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grimbert, Arnold

    1957-01-01

    After having recalled facts which leaded the CEA to use new geochemical techniques for the prospecting of uranium deposits through sampling and analysis of soils and waters, the author describes the organisation and methods implemented for this prospecting activity: team composition for sampling and analysis, role of each engineer and technician in the prospecting stages (preliminary study, routine prospecting, result interpretation), sampling and analysis processes. He also reports campaigns of geochemical prospecting: study of the La Chapelle Largeau deposit (objectives, geological context, preliminary study, routine prospecting, study of geochemical anomalies), tactical research on Verneix indices (study of radioactivity anomaly discovered by radio-prospecting), strategical searches in a non prospected area in the South of Avallon. The author discusses the issues of efficiency and cost price of this geochemical prospecting technique in soils and in waters. Appendices present the equipment and operation modality for soil sampling, and for soil sample preparation, and principles, equipment and products for soil analysis and for water analysis [fr

  4. Novel IgE Inhibitors for the Treatment of Food Allergies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-14-1-0460 TITLE: Novel IgE Inhibitors for the Treatment of Food Allergies PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Theodore Jardetzky...the Treatment of Food Allergies 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER W81XWH-14-1-0460 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Theodore Jardetzky...that may further suppress the allergic response. 15. SUBJECT TERMS Allergy , IgE, anti-IgE therapy, IgE repertoire exchange 16. SECURITY

  5. Kui päevapiltnikud Pärnusse jõudsid / Vello Paatsi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paatsi, Vello, 1948-2015

    2012-01-01

    Praegu teadaolevalt jõudis Pärnusse esimese fotograafina dagerrotüpist Carl Borchardt. Carl Borchardti'le järgnenud fotograafidest Pärnus. Friedrich Wilhelm Louis Seidlitzist ja tema 1866. aastal avaldatud Pärnu linnavaadete albumist. 1868. aastal ilmus Seidlitzile konkurent Theodor John. Seidlitz nimetas end fotograafiks kuni 1870. aastani. Edaspidi tunti Pärnus üksnes samanimelist pudukaupmeest. Theodor John lahkus Pärnust 1870. aastal. Samal aastal asus Pärnusse fotograaf Wilhelm Carl Paul Lanz

  6. Tres ratones ciegos : Goodman, McLuhan y Adorno sobre el arte de la música y del escuchar en la época de la transmisión global

    OpenAIRE

    Goehr, Lydia

    2012-01-01

    Este ensayo investiga el discurso global a la sombra de la década de 1960. Se basa en los puntos de vista de Nelson Goodman, Marshall McLuhan y Theodor W. Adorno para explorar tres conceptos centrales para la música en la época de la transmisión global: concordancia, corriente y virtualidad. This essay investigates global discourse in the shadow of the 1960s. It draws on the views of Nelson Goodman, Marshall McLuhan, and Theodor W. Adorno to explore three concepts central to music in the a...

  7. Childhood disintegrative disorder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mouridsen, Svend Erik

    2003-01-01

    In 1908 a Viennese remedial educator Theodor Heller described six children under the name of dementia infantilis who had insidiously developed a severe mental regression between the 3rd and 4th years of life after normal mental development. Neuropathological and other medical conditions are somet......In 1908 a Viennese remedial educator Theodor Heller described six children under the name of dementia infantilis who had insidiously developed a severe mental regression between the 3rd and 4th years of life after normal mental development. Neuropathological and other medical conditions....... Information is provided related to nosology, epidemiological data, differential diagnosis, aetiology, treatment and outcome....

  8. Virtuous Mess and Wicked Clarity: Struggle in Higher Education Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    McArthur, Jan

    2012-01-01

    This article considers the value of clarity--of theory, method and purposes--in educational research. It draws upon the work of early critical theorist, Theodor Adorno, and particularly his notion of negative dialectics and his challenge to the traditional dichotomy of theory and practice. Using the notions of virtuous mess and wicked clarity, I…

  9. 75 FR 8187 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-23

    ... Thomas E. Anderson, Garry A. Baker, Bruce W. Barrett, Richard D. Becotte, Wayne Burnett, Theodore W. Cozat, Alex G. Dlugolenski, Karen Y. Duvall, Nigel L. Farmer, Gordon R. Fritz, John A. Graham, Jimmy D.... Murray, Anthony D. Ovitt, John R. Parsons, III, Martin Postma, Steven S. Reinsvold, Michael J. Richard...

  10. Joint Low-Intensity Conflict Project Final Report. Volume 1. Analytical Review of Low-Intensity Conflict

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-08-01

    conflict. o The active, systematic spread of the totalitarian state. o The exploitation and endangerment of freedom in liberal societies. Terrorism saps the...1968). 2Theodore Diaper , Castroism: Theory and Practice (New York: Praeger, 1965). 3Jeffrey Race, War Comes to Long An (Berkeley, CA: University of

  11. Environmental, Health, and Safety Research Needs for Engineered Nanoscale Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    Canady Forest Service (FS/USDA) Christopher Risbrudt Theodore Wegner Intelligence Technology Innovation Center (ITIC) Susan Durham International...tumor. Injected particles may be intended to target specific organs, tumors, and diseases or may serve as imaging and diagnostic agents. The...studies to better understand the exposure levels or factors that caused an observed excess disease incidence. PUBLIC HEALTH AND ExPOSURE

  12. Practice Theory: Viewing Leadership as Leading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkinson, Jane; Kemmis, Stephen

    2015-01-01

    Inspired by Theodore Schatzki's "societist" approach--in which he advocates a notion of "site ontologies"--in this article, we outline our theory of practice architectures (a theory about what practices are composed of) and ecologies of practices (how practices relate to one another). Drawing on case studies of four Australian…

  13. Pediatric intussusception in a Saudi Arabian tertiary hospital

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Karp, James E. Allen and Theodore C. Jewett, Jr. Intussusception: Evolution of Current Management. J Pediatric. Gastroenterol Nutr, Vol 6 No 5, 1987. 1 1. Ajao O G. Non-infantile intussusception J. Natl Med Assoc. 1979; 71: 65 -67. 12. Mackay A J . Mackellar A and Sprague P. lntussuseeption in. '\\ Children: A review of 91 ...

  14. The birds in the collection of the Zoological Museum of the University of Liège: diversity and interest, a first approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Loneux, M.S.

    2005-01-01

    Most birds in the Liège Museum of Zoology have been collected during the 19th century. Between 1835 and 1871, Theodore Lacordaire acquired skins from South-East Asia through Francis Laporte Comte de Castelnau. Later, between 1872 and 1910, Edouard Van Beneden bought Belgian birds. At present, some

  15. The Importance of Submarine Tenders to a Modern Naval War: Naval Combat Logistics and Seabasing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-28

    COMBAT LOGISTICS AND SEABASING 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S...concern of political risk or consequences of sovereignty. 15. SUBJECT TERMS TENDER, SEABASING, SUBMARINE MAINTENANCE, NAVAL COMBAT LOGISTICS ...COMBAT LOGISTICS AND SEABASING by PATRICK THEODORE RAWLINSON LIEUTENANT, UNITED STATES NAVY A paper submitted to the Faculty of the

  16. Reading the psalms historicaly. antiochene exegesis and a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Antiochene exegetes, most notably Diodore of Tarsus and Theodore of Mopsuestia read the psalms against the historical background of Israelite history, reconstructing a historical setting for every psalm. This paper presents a brief survey of Antiochene exegesis of the psalms in general. The Antiochenes reacted ...

  17. READING THE PSALMS HISTORICALLY. ANTIOCHENE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Testament was one phase and it should be read within its limits (Van Rompay. 1997:122). They focussed on the events that happened, within their context in narrative, as well as on their moral and dogmatic interpretations (Ter Haar. Romeney 1997:128). O'keefe presents a negative evaluation of Theodore and the other An ...

  18. Reading for All; Proceedings of the IRA (International Reading Association) World Congress on Reading (4th, Buenos Aires, Argentina, August 3-5, 1972).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karlin, Robert, Ed.

    This book contains papers presented at the Fourth International Reading Association World Congress on Reading in Buenos Aires, Argentina, in August 1972. The contents of the book are divided into three parts: "Literacy and Literature" includes papers on libraries, books, and reading by Jorge Borges, the future of reading by Theodore Harris, the…

  19. Rwanda Journal - Vol 24 (2011)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Micro-Propagation of Disease Resistant Cassava Variety in Rwanda · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Isidore Mushiyimana, Emmanuel Hakizimana, Gervais Gashaka, Peter Yao Kanze Sallah, Safia Kalisa, Felix Gatunzi, Theodore Asiimwe, Jane Kahia ...

  20. Humanist Scholars on Authority of their Latin Bible Translations

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Beneš, Jiří

    -, č. 28/52 (2014), s. 7-21 ISSN 0231-5955 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GBP401/12/G168 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : Humanism * Reformation * Latin Bible Translations * Hebrew * Greek * Erasmus of Rotterdam * Immanuel Tremellius * Santes Pagninus * Theodor Beza * Sebastian Castellio * Robert Stephanus * Philo of Alexandria Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  1. Otto Lanz, surgeon and art collector

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Gulik, T. M.; Brummelkamp, W. H.

    1988-01-01

    Otto Lanz (1865-1935) was educated in Switzerland, where he was trained in the surgical clinic of Theodore Kocher. In 1902, he was appointed as a professor of surgery in Amsterdam, remaining there until his death. He was wellknown for his surgery of the thyroid gland and for his studies on the

  2. 77 FR 13139 - Malheur National Wildlife Refuge, Harney County, OR; Draft Comprehensive Conservation Plan and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-05

    ... significant portion of the Pacific Flyway's bird population during spring migration. The refuge is named under... Refuge was established on August 18, 1908, by President Theodore Roosevelt as the Lake Malheur Bird... bird populations. It protected unclaimed lands encompassed by Malheur, Mud, and Harney Lakes ``as a...

  3. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ''for their contributions to the development of laser-based precision spectroscopy, including the optical frequency comb technique" to. John L Hall - University of Colorado, JILA; National Institute of Standards and. Technology Boulder, CO, USA. Theodor W Hinsch - Max-Planck-Insti tnt fur Quantenoptik Garching, Germany; ...

  4. Vaikne juubel kuraditosina kinopildiga / Jaak Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Jaak

    2008-01-01

    Theodor Lutsu 13. filmipäevad ja 10. lahtine lühifilmide konkurss Palamusel 15. augustil. Auhinnatud filmidest (anima-, dokumentaal-, mängu- ja ekperimentaalfilmid). Žüriisse kuulusid Helle Karis, Jaak Lõhmus, Erika Laansalu ja Tiina Säälik. Varasematest filmipäevadest, mis olid viimastest filmi- ja publikurohkemad

  5. Eksperimente ja kilde kultuuriloost / Riina Mägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mägi, Riina, 1957-

    2008-01-01

    Theodor Lutsu 13. filmipäevad ja 10. lahtine lühifilmide konkurss Palamusel 15. augustil. Auhinnatud filmidest (anima-, dokumentaal-, mängu- ja ekperimentaalfilmid). Žüriisse kuulusid Helle Karis, Jaak Lõhmus, Erika Laansalu ja Tiina Säälik. Filmipäevade korraldajad olid taas Tiina Säälik ja Arne Tegelmann

  6. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Panagiotidis, Theodore. Vol 9, No 1 (2017) - Articles On the stability of the CAPM before and after the financial crisis: Panel evidence from the Johannesburg Securities Exchange Abstract. ISSN: 2042-1478. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about ...

  7. Glial Cells: The Other Cells of the Nervous System

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Theodor Schwann, the German physiologist who first pro- pounded the cell theory with M Schleiden, had diverse interests. He was not only the first to isolate the enzyme pepsin, but also investigated muscle contraction and nerve structure. In the mid nineteenth century Schwann discovered that a sheath made up of myelin ...

  8. Kritik med objektets forrang

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liebst, Lasse Suonperä; Stamer, Naja Buono

    2010-01-01

    Nærværende artikel vil i lyset af den idealistiske epistemologis fremtrædende position i sociologien foreslå, at et fremadrettet brud med denne idealisme kan ske med en tilbagevenden til Theodor W. Adornos negative dialektik. Det frugtbare ved denne særegne dialektik er, hvordan den med en tildel...

  9. New Fellows and Honorary Fellow

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Svedberg, Prof. Theodor Nobel Laureate (Chemistry) - 1926. Date of birth: 30 August 1884. Date of death: 25 February 1971. YouTube; Twitter ... Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and Outreach. Math and Finance ...

  10. The Politics of Unreason : The Frankfurt School and the Origins of Modern Antisemitism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rensmann, Lars

    2017-01-01

    Although the Frankfurt School—most prominently associated with Theodor W. Adorno, Max Horkheimer, Leo Löwenthal and Herbert Marcuse—represents one of the most influential intellectual traditions of the 20th century, its multi-faceted work on modern antisemitism has so far largely been neglected. The

  11. Nobeli rahupreemia: vastuolulised valikud ilma Obamatagi / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2009-01-01

    Autor käsitleb Nobeli rahupreemia andmist USA presidentidele Barack Obamale, Theodore Rooseveltile, Woodrow Wilsonile, asepresident Al Gore'ile ja ekspresident Jimmy Carterile ning politoloog Ronald Krebsi artiklit "Ohtlik auhind? Nobeli rahupreemia valelubadus", mille kohaselt on Nobeli komitee II maailmasõjast saadik kaugenenud algsest rahupreemia mandaadist

  12. Arcibiskup sudič. Antiklerikální útoky proti arcibiskupu Theodoru Kohnovi

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Jonová, Jitka

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 61, 2014, č. 2 (2015), s. 89-100 ISSN 1803-7429 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA15-17092S Institutional support: RVO:67985921 Keywords : anticlericalism * Theodor Kohn * Josef Svatopluk Machar Subject RIV: AB - History

  13. Diccionario de lingüística

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Miranda Nelson

    Full Text Available THEODOR LEWANDOWSKI, DICCIONARIO DE LINGUISTICA, Madrid, Ediciones Cátedra, S.A., 1982, XIV, 447 págs. Traducción del alemán por María Luz García-Denche y Enrique Bernárdez.

  14. Phlebotomine Vectors of Human Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-12-30

    different. We refrain from naming this specimen until more material becomes available. 12. Lutzomyia olmeca bicolor Fairchild and Theodor 1971...Castillo (1958) and Arzube (1960). Lutzomyia olmeca bicolor is the suspected vector of Leishmania mexicana aristedesi among rodents and marsupials in

  15. Teacher Candidates' Attitudes, Knowledge Levels and Sensitivities towards Environmental Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akman, Ozkan

    2017-01-01

    "A people without children would face a hopeless future; a country without trees is almost as helpless" (Theodore Roosevelt). Humans both have been affected by environmental events and have affected their environments by a variety of activities since man has been on earth. However, because of the lack of population for a long time and…

  16. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (80th, Chicago, Illinois, July 30-August 2, 1997): Qualitative Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication.

    The Qualitative Studies section of the Proceedings contains the following 16 papers: "Public Journalism and the Search for Democratic Ideals" (Theodore L. Glasser and Stephanie Craft); "Scratching the Surface: 'The New York Times' Coverage of the Mothers of Plaza de Mayo, 1977-1997" (Carolina Acosta-Alzuru); "Context and…

  17. Reconstructionist Analysis on the Relevance of Secondary School Learning Opportunities in Promoting National Cohesion among Students in Machakos Town Sub-County, Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mwanzia, Ruth Mutunge; Mwangi, Simon Nyagah

    2016-01-01

    The study investigated the relevance of secondary school learning opportunities in promoting national cohesion. The study was based on the ideals and principles of a school curriculum as advocated by Brameld Theodore on reconstructionism philosophy. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. A sample size of four hundred and…

  18. Protection or proscription? Cultural practices against the background of religious pluralism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gaay Fortman, B. de

    2007-01-01

    Behind the substance of human rights are strong convictions that do not always convert into positive forces towards implementation. Calvin’s successor Theodore Beza, for example, saw freedom of religion as a very bad idea “because it means that everyone should be left to go to hell in his own way.”

  19. Brazilian Cannibals in Sixteenth-Century Europe and Seventeenth-Century Japan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leca, R.

    2014-01-01

    This article follows the transmission of a visual trope depicting Brazilian cannibals from accounts of travelers to Brazil in the 16th century to world maps and popular tales in 17th century Japan. The image of tribesmen roasting human limbs over a fire in woodcut illustrations (such as Theodore de

  20. Die resepsie van retoriese momente van die Filemonbrief deur ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Accordingly, the contributions of all the Patristic exegetes in this regard are studied systematically in this study. The interpretations of the letters by Ambrosiaster, Jerome, John Chrysostom, Pelagius, Theodore of Mopsuestia and Theodoret of Cyrus are investigated from this angle. In each case, the most important comments ...

  1. "I'm Just a Numbers Person": The Complexity, Nature and Effects of the Quantification of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardy, Ian

    2015-01-01

    This paper draws upon the sociology of numbers, particularly work by Theodore Porter, to reveal the multifarious ways in which numbers actively constitute practices in schools. Drawing upon a case study of one low-performing school in a low-performing region in the state of Queensland, Australia, and theorising into the sociology of numbers, the…

  2. Late-season nitrogen applications in high-latitude strawberry ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2010-02-15

    Feb 15, 2010 ... Full Length Research Paper. Late-season nitrogen applications in high-latitude strawberry nurseries improve transplant production pattern in warm regions. Daniel S. Kirschbaum1*, Kirk D. Larson2, Steve A. Weinbaum2 and Theodore M. DeJong2. 1Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA).

  3. Confessions of a Second-Look Liberal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langer, Howard J.

    1982-01-01

    Political reporter Theodore H. White discusses American politics in this interview. Issues examined include racism, one-term presidencies, how what liberals have done in the past 30 years has created a nation of dependents, the primary system, election polls, and what young people should be taught about American history and politics. (RM)

  4. Ethical Issues in Accounting: A Teaching Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doolan, Amy L.

    2013-01-01

    Theodore Roosevelt said, "To educate a person in mind and not in morals is to educate a menace to society." With this quote in mind, this paper describes three ethical issues in the discipline area of accounting. The format of the paper is to first provide background information on the ethical question or scenario then to provide a…

  5. The Fighting Style: Reading the Unabomber's Strunk and White

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prendergast, Catherine

    2009-01-01

    The fiftieth anniversary of the Strunk and White edition of "The Elements of Style" is an appropriate occasion for considering its enormous popularity. Especially interesting is the esteem for the book held by Theodore Kaczynszki, convicted as the Unabomber. His embrace of Strunk and White's values points to a kind of violence and primitivist…

  6. Globalization and Philosophy of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watras, Joseph

    2010-01-01

    The term "globalization" is relatively new. Alfred E. Eckes, Jr. and Thomas W. Zeiler credit Theodore Levitt for coining the word in 1983 in an article in the Harvard Business Review. In a short time, other authors adopted the term. Thomas Freidman, for example, used the phrase to define the 1990s. Freidman claimed that the world had entered a new…

  7. CAAPM: Computer-Aided Admissible Probability Measurement on PLATO IV

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-03-01

    late Renaissance paintings b. Byzantine mosaics c. gothic stained glass 2. Of the following, the watercolorist noted for seascapes is: a...Theodore Gericault *b. Winslow Homer c. Jacob Epstein 3. Which of the following Dutch artists is noted for his genre paint- ings? *a. Jan Steen b. Jan

  8. Intelligent Recognition of Acoustic and Vibration Threats for Security Breach Detection, Close Proximity Danger Identification, and Perimeter Protection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    tested with different types of the horse gaits, namely walk as a 4-beat gait, trot as a 2-beat gait, canter as a 3-beat gait, and gallop as...threat by smart fence sensors is the plan for the future work. ABOUT THE AUTHORS Theodore W. Berger, PhD, is the David Packard Professor of

  9. Liepmann, Prof. Hans Wolfgang

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Fellowship. Fellow Profile. Elected: 1985 Honorary. Liepmann, Prof. Hans Wolfgang. Date of birth: 3 July 1914. Date of death: 24 June 2009. Last known address: Theodore von Karman Professor of, Aeronautics (Emeritus), Graduate Aeronautical Laboratories, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, ...

  10. Mass Media Forces in Our society. Second Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voelker, Francis H.; Voelker, Ludmila A.

    The primary purpose of this book is to help the public become more aware and critical in their selection and appraisal of the media. Part 1 consists of a single essay by Theodore Peterson that gives a historical perspective on the development of the mass media in the United States. Part 2 deals with the print and electronic media: magazines, photo…

  11. Reik, Schnitzler, Freud, and "The murderer": the limits of insight in psychoanalysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherman, Murray H

    2013-10-01

    The author explores the relationships of three major figures: Theodor Reik, Arthur Schnitzler, and Sigmund Freud. He considers how Schnitzler's novella "The Murderer" impacted Reik's life in terms of both Freud's reference to the story in a session with Reik and the parallels between Reik's life and the plot of the story.

  12. Unconsciously Induced Recall of Prose and Poetry: Analysis of Manifest and Latent Contents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaz de Chumaceiro, Cora L.

    1997-01-01

    Argues that it is important for therapists to pay attention to the literature that surfaces in their own consciousness during treatment of a patient. Examines a published example of this process in Theodore Reik's (1953) "The Secret Self: Psychoanalytic Experiences in Life and Literature," in which thoughts of Shakespeare's "Hamlet" are evoked.…

  13. Revisiting Regression in Autism: Heller's "Dementia Infantilis"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westphal, Alexander; Schelinski, Stefanie; Volkmar, Fred; Pelphrey, Kevin

    2013-01-01

    Theodor Heller first described a severe regression of adaptive function in normally developing children, something he termed dementia infantilis, over one 100 years ago. Dementia infantilis is most closely related to the modern diagnosis, childhood disintegrative disorder. We translate Heller's paper, Uber Dementia Infantilis, and discuss…

  14. Carl Dreyer ja Jeanne d'Arc / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    2000-01-01

    IV Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivalil näidatakse kuulsaima taani režissööri Carl Theodor Dreyeri (1889-1968) 7-filmilist retrospektiivi. Pikemalt 1928. aastal Prantsusmaal valminud filmist "Jeanne d'Arci kannatused" ("La Passion de Jeanne d'Arc")

  15. The Octopus, the Squid and the Tortoise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caruth, Gail D.; Caruth, Donald L.

    2013-01-01

    What is the role of the Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) today? This is not a new question. In 1903, William James questioned the value of the degree as an indicator of teaching ability. Unfortunately, the issue James raised has never been resolved. Move forward in time to 1990. Theodore Ziolkowski essentially agreed with James, but raised additional…

  16. Darwinism – A Sesqui-Centennial Celebration

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Srimath

    2009-03-31

    Mar 31, 2009 ... As so aptly said by the noted evolutionary biologist and geneticist, Theodore. Dobzhansky, “nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution”. We pay homage to the father of evolutionary biology by hosting a conference to commemorate the sesqui-centennial year of Darwinism. Join this ...

  17. African Tobacco Situational Analyses (ATSA) in Burkina Faso ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Burkina Faso, Ghana, Malawi, Tanzania, North of Sahara, South of Sahara. Project Leader. Kangoye, Larba Theodore. Project Leader. Ki/Ouedraogo, Salimata. Institution. Association Burkinabé de Santé Publique. Institution Country. Burkina Faso. Project Leader. DONALD MAKOKA, Ph.D. Institution. University of Malawi.

  18. Sügisteater / Mihkel Mutt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutt, Mihkel, 1953-

    1998-01-01

    'Libahunt' Von Krahli teatris (August Kitzbergi järgi dramatiseerinud Margus Kasterpalu ja Peeter Jalakas, lav. Peeter Jalakas); Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmanni - Madis Kõivu 'Kuradieliksiir' Draamateatris (lav. Priit Pedajas); Per Olov Enquisti 'Tribaadide öö' Draamateatris (lav. Katri Kaasik-Aaslav)

  19. Post-Enlightenment theorising and global polity in the twenty-first ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Frankfurters, among whom are Theodor Adorno and Jungen Habermas, and also the phenomenological .... One of the immediate consequences of the aforesaid supposed ontological gap between the Self and the Other as ..... practices such as video gaming and cartooning is also vibrant and demonstrates this indissoluble ...

  20. On the "Critique of Everyday Life" to "Metaphilosophy": Henri Lefebvre's Philosophical-Political Legacy of the Cultural Revolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sünker, Heinz

    2014-01-01

    Henri Lefebvre (1901-91), philosopher and sociologist, is, together with Theodor W. Adorno, Max Horkheimer, Walter Benjamin and Ernst Bloch, one of the most relevant representatives of the first generation in Western Marxism. His engagement with Marxism led him to analyse everyday life in post-war France in order to decipher the possibilities of,…

  1. 75 FR 53696 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    .../Secretary (Qualifying Individual), Theodore Green, Stockholder. Application Type: New NVO & OFF License. Aventura Logistics, Inc. (NVO & OFF), 18181 NE 31 Court, Suite 1203, Aventura, FL 33160. Officer: Iryna... License. Cargo Express Logistics, LLC (NVO & OFF), 1170 Brighton Beach Avenue, Suite 3-C, Brooklyn, NY...

  2. 75 FR 39529 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-09

    ..., President (Qualifying Individual), Theodore Green, Stockholder, Application Type: New OFF & NVO License Benchmark Worldwide Logistics, Inc. dba Star Ocean Lines (OFF & NVO), 29400 South Route 53, Elwood, IL 60421..., President, Application Type: New OTI & NVO License CTC Logistics (L.A.) Inc. (NVO), 5250 W. Century Blvd...

  3. 76 FR 42471 - Premerger Notification; Reporting and Waiting Period Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-19

    .... The Private Equity Growth Capital Council (10/18/2010) 3. Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP (Theodore C... capture additional information (such as current year revenues by 10 digit NAICS product code) that would... time of filing. In some instances, particularly with families of investment funds, entities that are...

  4. Consciousness III or Counterculture: A Preliminary Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denisoff, R. Serge; Pugh, M. D.

    1974-01-01

    Argues that an empirical test of the Theodore Roszak-Charles Reich theorem indicates that neither conceptual schema is verifiable: WASPs and upper-stratum Jews are not the exclusive carriers of those traits identified with the counter-erculture; socioeconomic status was only applicable to the youngest group sampled. (Author/JM)

  5. Tsüklist "Spoon Riveri koolnud" : [luuletused] / Edgar Lee Masters ; tõlk. Boris Kabur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Masters, Edgar Lee

    2008-01-01

    Sisu: Poeet Theodore ; Lucinda Matlock ; Willard Fluke ; Diakon Taylor ; Viiuldaja Jones ; Dora Williams ; John M. Church ; Vene Sonja ; Petit, poeet ; Pastor Abner Peet ; Yee Bow ; Roger Heston ; Carl Hamblin ; Hortense Robbins ; Tom Merritt ; Proua Merritt ; Elmer Karr ; Anne Rutledge ; Marie Bateson ; Scholfield Huxley ; Willie Metcalf. Elu- ja loomeloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 519-520

  6. Readings in risk

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gough, Michael; Glickman, Theodore S

    1990-01-01

    ... from Resources for the Future are distributed worldwide by The Johns Hopkins University Press. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Readings in risk I Theodore S. Glickman and Michael Gough, editors. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references. ISBN 0-915707-55-1 (alk. paper) 1. Technology-Risk assessment. 2. Health risk assessment....

  7. What's New? Temporality in Practice Theory and Pragmatism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buch, Anders; Stjerne, Iben Sandal

    2018-01-01

    This chapter discuss two temporal approaches to social order that accentuate the role of novelty, change, and temporality in accounts of social organization, activity, and human action, namely, the pragmatist approach of George Herbert Mead and the practice theoretical approach of Theodore R. Sch...

  8. Arnold Schoenberg's A Survivor From Warsaw (1947)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Nils Holger

    2016-01-01

    A discussion of Scoenberg's cantata about Holocaust in the context of Theodor W. Adorno's and Thomas Mann's receptions of Schoenberg's musical twelve-tone system instigated also by Ruth HaCohen's recent book The Music Libel Against the Jews (2011) and its construction of Schoenberg's creative "od...

  9. Army Communicator. Volume 37, Number 2, Summer 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Regular Army after serving 19 years as a first lieutenant. Upon the death of Myer’s successor BG William B. Hazen in 1887, the well- known Greely...War established his reputa- tion in the minds of the nation’s leaders, particularly President William McKinley and his successor, Presi- dent Theodore

  10. Penguin breeding in Edinburgh

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gillespie, T.H.; F.R.S.E.,; F.Z.S.,

    1939-01-01

    The Scottish National Zoological Park at Edinburgh has been notably successful in keeping and breeding penguins. It is happy in possessing as a friend and benefactor, Mr Theodore E. Salvesen, head of the firm of Christian Salvesen & Co., Leith, to whose interest and generosity it owes the great

  11. National Energy Security and Reliance on Foreign Oil

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-02-12

    Submitted to the Faculty In Partial Fulfillment of the Graduation Requirements Theodore Hailes, CSAT 12 February 2009 Report Documentation Page...predominant feedstock in the U.S. The formation of D1 Oils Arabia is expected not only to provide Saudi based customers with innovative alternative

  12. 75 FR 47591 - Environmental Impacts Statements; Notice Of Availability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-06

    .... 20100301, Final EIS, BIA, CA, Enterprise Rancheria Gaming Facility and Hotel Fee-To-Trust Acquisition... Mono Indians Fee-to-Trust and Casino/Hotel Project, Proposed 305-Acres-Fee- to-Trust Land Acquisition.... 20100259, Draft EIS, FAA, RI, Theodore Francis Green Airport Improvement Program, Proposing Improvements to...

  13. New Fellows and Honorary Fellow

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Fellowship. Fellow Profile. Elected: 1961 Honorary. Theorell, Prof. Axel Hugo Theodor Nobel Laureate (Medicine) - 1955. Date of birth: 6 July 1903. Date of death: 15 August 1982. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. Theory Of Evolution. Posted on 23 January 2018. Joint Statement by the ...

  14. The Turn of the Century. Tenth Grade Lesson. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartels, Dede

    In this 10th grade social studies and language arts interdisciplinary unit, students research and report on historical figures from the turn of the 20th century. Students are required to work in pairs to learn about famous and common individuals, including Andrew Carnegie, Samuel Gompers, Susan B. Anthony, Thomas Edison, Theodore Roosevelt, Booker…

  15. ~o-+oo 67

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The Indispensable Component of Respiratory Mechanics. Shweta Saxena. Front Cover. R ,. -- --. 1Oum01~.a.nc.~. -.~-. ~.... - ... ---- . --..~--. Back Cover. Karman vortex street visualized by injecting f1uorocein dye and a sheet of green laser light. (Courtesy: Aerospace Engineering Department,. liSe). Theodore von Karman.

  16. Racist Quotes from Persons of Note, Part II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fikes, Robert, Jr.

    1988-01-01

    Offers racist quotes about Blacks, Jews, Hispanics, Asians, Italians, Poles, and others, from famous persons such as John Wayne, Woodrow Wilson, William F. Buckley, Richard Wagner, Jesse Helms, Sam Rayburn, Walter Lippman, Jack London, Paul Lynde, Theodore Roosevelt, Frank Sinatra, Errol Flynn, Ezra Pound, Richard M. Nixon, and Ronald Reagan. (BJV)

  17. Roosevelti monument vene kunstnikult / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-

    2001-01-01

    Zurab Tsereteli uus projekt on Queensi ja Manhattani vahelisele Roosevelt Islandile rajatava kaasaegse vene kunsti muuseumi ette plaanitav Theodore Roosevelti mälestusmärk. New Yorgis ÜRO peakorteri ees asub Z. Tsereteli Püha Jüri skulptuur

  18. Celebrating Partnerships. Proceedings of the Annual Community Education Conference (2nd, River Grove, IL, November 18, 1993).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solorzano, Sylvia M., Ed.

    This compilation presents edited manuscripts of presentations from a community education conference held in Illinois. Summaries are provided for the following presentations: (1) "Leadership for Diversity," by Theodore L. Gross, outlining classroom goals to lead students out of prejudice; (2) "Building Coalitions," by Pat Kaye Edwards, reviewing…

  19. the influence of climatic and socioeconomic factors on the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    allergy to hypersensitivity, which may be associated with the development of immune response to foreign substance. Theodore classified ocular allergies into three categories, namely immediate anaphylactic response to pollen, inhalants, animal protein or food and delayed response (24-48 hours) due to microbial infection ...

  20. Millon's Contributions to the International Society for the Study of Personality Disorders (ISSPD)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Erik; Kongerslev, Mickey

    2015-01-01

    In this article we highlight the pivotal role of Dr. Theodore Millon in the founding of the International Society for the Study of Personality Disorders (ISSPD). This historical outline of Millon's contribution to the ISSPD also contains previously unpublished transcripts of his talks at ISSPD...

  1. Роман "Лолита" и послевоенное эмигрантское сознание / Анна Бродская

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Бродская, Анна

    1999-01-01

    Inglise k. kogumikus "Kultura russkoi diasporõ: Vladimir Nabokov 100" (Tallinn, 2000). V. Nabokovi romaanist "Lolita" (1955). Ka Theodor Adorno ja Hannah Arendti Ameerika ühiskonna sotsioloogilised kirjeldused. Ettekanne kirjandusteaduslikul konverentsil "Vene diasporaa kultuur: Vladimir Nabokov 100" (toimus 1999 a. jaan. Tallinnas ja Tartus)

  2. Resonance – Journal of Science Education | Indian Academy of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 10; Issue 8. Issue front cover thumbnail Issue back cover thumbnail. Volume 10, Issue 8. August 2005, pages 1-105. pp 1-1 Editorial. Editorial · Priti Shankar · More Details Fulltext PDF. pp 2-3 Article-in-a-Box. Theodore von Kármán – Rocket Scientist.

  3. Oh, the Economics You'll Find in Dr. Seuss!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Ben; Watts, Michael

    2011-01-01

    The authors list economic concepts and issues covered in the children's books published by Theodor Geisel and discuss his treatment of concepts that appear most often and that are treated in greater depth. Some concepts are sophisticated and taught as formal concepts only in college-level economics courses. Others are basic and used in economics…

  4. Reach for the Stars: A Constellational Approach to Ethnographies of Elite Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prosser, Howard

    2014-01-01

    This paper offers a method for examining elite schools in a global setting by appropriating Theodor Adorno's constellational approach. I contend that arranging ideas and themes in a non-deterministic fashion can illuminate the social reality of elite schools. Drawing on my own fieldwork at an elite school in Argentina, I suggest that local and…

  5. Collapse of the Tacoma· N arrows Bridge

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 10; Issue 8. Collapse of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge. Theodore von Kármán. Classics Volume 10 Issue 8 August 2005 pp 97-102. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link: http://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/010/08/0097-0102 ...

  6. Editorial

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Srimath

    The rediscovery of Mendel's laws of heredity at the turn of the 20th century stimulated the forging of many new disciplines. The integra- tion of genetics and the flourishing science of cytology ushered in the new field of cytogenetics. This was based on the independent observations, by Walter Sutton and Theodor Boveri, that ...

  7. When do ego threats lead to self-regulation failure? Negative consequences of defensive high self-esteem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambird, Kathleen Hoffman; Mann, Traci

    2006-09-01

    High self-esteem (HSE) is increasingly recognized as heterogeneous. By measuring subtypes of HSE, the present research reevaluates the finding that HSE individuals show poor self-regulation following ego threat (Baumeister, Heatherton, & Tice, 1993). In Experiment 1, participants with HSE showed poor self-regulation after ego threat only if they also were defensive (high in self-presentation bias). In Experiment 2, two measures--self-presentation bias and implicit self-esteem--were used to subtype HSE individuals as defensive. Both operationalizations of defensive HSE predicted poor self-regulation after ego threat. The results indicate that (a) only defensive HSE individuals are prone to self-regulation failure following ego threat and (b) measures of self-presentation bias and implicit self-esteem can both be used to detect defensiveness.

  8. The Relationship between Intimacy Change and Passion: A Dyadic Diary Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aykutoğlu, Bülent; Uysal, Ahmet

    2017-01-01

    In the current study we investigated the association between intimacy and passion by testing whether increases in intimacy generates passion (Baumeister and Bratslavsky, 1999). Furthermore, we examined whether there are partner effects in intimacy change and passion link. Couples ( N = 75) participated in a 14-day long diary study. Dyadic multilevel analyses with residualized intimacy change scores showed that both actors' and partners' intimacy change positively predicted actor's passion. However, analyses also showed that residualized passion change scores positively predicted intimacy. Although these findings provide some empirical evidence for the intimacy change model, in line with the previous research (Rubin and Campbell, 2012), they also suggest that it is not possible to discern whether intimacy increment generates passion or passion increment generates intimacy.

  9. Debt Out of Control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Achtziger, Anja; Hubert, Marco; Kenning, Peter

    2015-01-01

    In a representative sample of the German population (n = 946), we explored the links between self-control, compulsive buying, and debts. Participants completed the self-control scale (Tangney, Boone, & Baumeister, 2004) and the German Addictive Buying Scale (Raab, Neuner, Reisch, & Scherhorn, 2005......). Additionally, they gave information about their real debts. It was observed that self-control was negatively related to debts while compulsive buying was positively related to debts. Detailed analyses revealed that the link between self-control and debts was fully mediated by compulsive buying. Finally......, there was a gender effect on compulsive buying: women were more prone to compulsive buying than men. Age also was significantly negatively related to compulsive buying and positively linked to self-control. Household income was not linked to self-control, compulsive buying, and debts. Implications for practice...

  10. The Relationship between Intimacy Change and Passion: A Dyadic Diary Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bülent Aykutoğlu

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available In the current study we investigated the association between intimacy and passion by testing whether increases in intimacy generates passion (Baumeister and Bratslavsky, 1999. Furthermore, we examined whether there are partner effects in intimacy change and passion link. Couples (N = 75 participated in a 14-day long diary study. Dyadic multilevel analyses with residualized intimacy change scores showed that both actors’ and partners’ intimacy change positively predicted actor’s passion. However, analyses also showed that residualized passion change scores positively predicted intimacy. Although these findings provide some empirical evidence for the intimacy change model, in line with the previous research (Rubin and Campbell, 2012, they also suggest that it is not possible to discern whether intimacy increment generates passion or passion increment generates intimacy.

  11. Contribution de la géochimie organique à une esquisse paléoécologique des shistes bitumeux du Toarcien de l'Est du bassin de Paris. Etude de la matière organique insoluble (kérogènes Contribution of Organic Geochemistry to a Paleoecological Sketch of Toarcian Oil Shales in the Eastern Paris Basin. Analysis of Insoluble Organic Matter (Kerogens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huc A. Y.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available L'étude des kérogènes des schistes cartons du Toarcien inférieur du bassin de Paris au niveau de l'affleurement oriental (du Luxembourg au Morvan confirme l'homogénéité globale de la matière organique dans cette formation. Il s'agit d'une matière organique d'origine marine autochtone. Cependant l'existence de fluctuations (de faible amplitude répondant à une logique géographique conforte la notion de provinces géochimiques dans ce bassin, telle qu'elle avait été définie à l'occasion de l'étude de la fraction soluble (CHCIsJ. La distinction entre une province nord (Lorraine et une province sud (Avallonais,Haute-Saône, Haute-Marne pourrait être imputable à un apport détritique plus sensible dans la partie septentrionale du bassin et/ou aux conditions de milieu ayant régné au moment du dépôt. The present study of kerogens isolated from early Toorcion shales sompled on the eastern out-trop of the Paris Basin (from Luxembourg to Morvan verifies the overall homogeneity of the organic matter in this formation. This organic matter is of autoch thonous marine origin. However, the occurrence of small variations related to different geogrophical locations reinforces the concept of geochemical provinces in this basin as revealed by a previous analysis of the chloroform extracts. Differences between a northern province (Lorraine and a southern province (Avallon area, Haute-Saône, Haute-Marne could be interpreted as the consequence of a more important detrital input in the northern part of the basin and/or of different environmental conditions at the time of deposition.

  12. Mr. Wolfgang Petritsch, Austrian Ambassador

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2002-01-01

    Dr.Peter Schmid/CERN/EP, Dr.Wolfgang Petritsch, Austrian Ambassador, Permanent representative at UN, Mrs.Nora Petritsch, Dr.Kurt Hubner/CERN/AC, Mrs. Frederike Klaus-Salesin, Adviser, Mrs.Andrea Strohmeier, Secretary of the Ambassador, Mr.Heinz Klaus, Attaché, Dr.Theodor Tortschanoff/CERN/LHC, Mr.Peter Storer, Advisor. Dr.Peter Schmid/CERN/EP, Dr.Wolfgang Petritsch, Austrian Ambassador, Permanent representative at UN, Mrs.Nora Petritsch, Dr.Kurt Hubner/CERN/AC, Mrs. Frederike Klaus-Salesin, Adviser, Mrs.Andrea Strohmeier, Secretary of the Ambassador, Mr.Heinz Klaus, Attaché, Dr.Theodor Tortschanoff/CERN/LHC, Mr.Peter Storer, Advisor.

  13. Considerações sobre a mercantilização da vida e a indústria cultural * Considerations about the commodification of life and the cultural industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LARISSA COSTA MURAD

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: O presente artigo traz uma leitura acerca da indústria cultural baseada no legado teórico de pensadores vinculados à Escola de Frankfurt, em particular Theodor Adorno. Considerando a homogeneização da cultura como parte do processo de mercantilização da vida, observamos algumas características da indústria cultural, bem como o contexto histórico no qual ocorre seu desenvolvimento e consolidação.Palavras-chave: Indústria cultural – Adorno – Cultura. Abstract: The present article brings forward the reading of Culture Industry based on the Frankfurt School theorists legacy, in particular Theodor Adorno. In order to consider the cultural homogenization as part of life commodification process, some Culture Industry features are observed, as well as its historical context, development and consolidation.Keywords: Culture industry – Adorno – Culture.

  14. Social Reconstructionism: Reciprocal Influences of Culture and Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanna Kostyło

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The fact that culture has an impact, both in conceptual and practical sense, on education is undoubtable. But when we state that interaction between the two areas is mutual, namely, that also education has an influence on culture, then we express an original and controversial idea. Therefore, we acknowledge that education is a power which can change society. That idea was pushed forward for many years by Theodore Brameld, the founder of reconstructionst philosophy of education. In his view each educational theory and practice effectively affects culture, changes and reconstructs it. In this text I present the assumptions of Theodore Brameld’s social reconstructionism. The starting point for my considerations are three other philosophies of education indicated by by Brameld: perenialism, essentialism, and progressivism. In the conclusion I point out how each of the philosophies of education relates to social change. The terms “society” and “culture” are used interchangeably in this text.

  15. Representing electrons a biographical approach to theoretical entities

    CERN Document Server

    Arabatzis, Theodore

    2006-01-01

    Both a history and a metahistory, Representing Electrons focuses on the development of various theoretical representations of electrons from the late 1890s to 1925 and the methodological problems associated with writing about unobservable scientific entities. Using the electron-or rather its representation-as a historical actor, Theodore Arabatzis illustrates the emergence and gradual consolidation of its representation in physics, its career throughout old quantum theory, and its appropriation and reinterpretation by chemists. As Arabatzis develops this novel biographical

  16. The National Nanotechnology Initiative. Research and Development Leading to a Revolution in Technology ad Industry. Supplement to the President’s 2009 Budget

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-09-30

    Drug Administration (FDA/DHHS) Norris E. Alderson Richard A. Canady Forest Service (FS/USDA) Christopher D. Risbrudt Theodore H. Wegner ...Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH, Department of Health and Human Services/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) National...diagnostic tools that exploit the unusual properties of quantum dots and magnetic nanoparticles to “see” and “analyze” cancer and other diseases at the

  17. The National Nanotechnology Initiative: Research and Development Leading to a Revolution in Technology and Industry. Supplement to the President’s 2011 Budget

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    Administration (FDA/DHHS) Jesse Goodman Carlos Peña Forest Service (FS/USDA) Christopher D. Risbrudt Theodore H. Wegner International Trade...of Health and Human Services/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA, Department of...with the potential for significant clinical impact across a range of diseases and disorders. The NIH continues to expand its support for nanoscale

  18. The National Nanotechnology Initiative: Research and Development Leading to a Revolution in Technology and Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    Carlos Peña Forest Service (FS/USDA) Christopher D. Risbrudt Theodore H. Wegner International Trade Commission (ITC) Elizabeth R. Nesbitt...for Disease Control and Prevention) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA, Department of Agriculture)3 National Institutes of Health (NIH...clinical impact across a range of diseases and disorders. The NIH continues to expand its support for nanoscale engineering of multifunctional systems for

  19. National Nanotechnology Initiative Strategic Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-01

    Risbrudt Theodore H. Wegner National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Michael A. Meador National Institute of Food and Agriculture...be used to study and understand biologi- cal processes in health and disease . The NIH-supported R&D efforts, in particular, are bringing about new...paradigms in the detection, diagnosis, and treatment of common and rare diseases , resulting in new classes of nanotherapeutics and diagnostic

  20. The National Nanotechnology Initiative: Research and Development Leading to a Revolution in Technology and Industry. Supplement to the President’s FY 2010 Budget

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-01

    Alderson Carlos Peña Forest Service (FS/USDA) Christopher D. Risbrudt Theodore H. Wegner International Trade Commission (ITC) Elizabeth R...Department of Health and Human Services/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) National Institutes of Health (NIH, Department of Health and Human...affordable water, and early detection of life-threatening diseases . The plan also calls for coordinated efforts by the NSET Subcommittee member agencies

  1. The National Nanotechnology Initiative: Research and Development Leading to a Revolution in Technology and Industry. Supplement to the President’s FY 2008 Budget

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-07-31

    Forest Service (FS/USDA) Christopher Risbrudt Theodore Wegner Intelligence Technology Innovation Center (ITIC) Susan Durham International Trade...Department of Commerce) National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH, Department of Health and Human Services/Centers for Disease ...of the U.S. population and to reduce suffering from disease and disability. There is no significant change in priorities from 2007 to 2008. NIH is

  2. The Role of the Buffalo Soldiers during the Spanish-American War

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    Consul General Lee was threatened. The Spanish Minister in Washington was exposed for having written to a friend an inr >lting letter describing...Cashin, under Fire with the Tenth U.S. Cavalry (New York: Arno Press, 1969), 24. » Ibid., 24-25. 4 Scipio, 23. s Theodore Roosevelt, The Rouch ...comrades; this after several previous attempts at rescue had been frustrated. (B) LEE , FRITZ. Rank and Organization: Private, Troop M, 10th United

  3. Confronting Emergent Nuclear-Armed Regional Adversaries: Prospects for Neutralization, Strategies for Escalation Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    Dickens , Derek Eaton, C. Christine Fair, Nina Hachigian, Theodore W. Karasik, Rollie Lal, Rachel M. Swanger, Gregory F. Treverton, and Charles Wolf...Dr. Edward H. Robbins, Mr. Mark E. Cummings, and Mr. Charles Westenhoff. We also want to thank the following RAND colleagues for their excellent... Charles L. Glaser, Analyzing Strategic Nuclear Policy, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1990. For the counterforce argument, see Colin S. Grey

  4. Defense Planning for the 1990s and the Changing International Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    separate wells-into a blazing inferno . Terrorists of the future can be expected to strike at such high- consequence targets as pipelines, satellite...nations of the world fail into, see: The War Atlas, Michael Kidron and Dan Smith (eds.), (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1983), Figure 16. 16. Ibid. 17...Kenneth N. Waltz (eds.), (Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1971). 28. Daniel Arnold, discussion in conjunction with a paper presented by Theodore G

  5. Implementation of Plasma Fractionation in Biological Medicines Production

    OpenAIRE

    Mousavi Hosseini, Kamran; Ghasemzadeh, Mehran

    2016-01-01

    Context The major motivation for the preparation of the plasma derived biological medicine was the treatment of casualties from the Second World War. Due to the high expenses for preparation of plasma derived products, achievement of self-sufficiency in human plasma biotechnological industry is an important goal for developing countries. Evidence Acquisition The complexity of the blood plasma was first revealed by the Nobel Prize laureate, Arne Tiselius and Theodor Svedberg, which resulted in...

  6. The treatment of a dictator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wade, Owen

    2003-05-01

    In 1973 Mr Richard Hughes, who was working on the third novel of his trilogy on the rise of the Nazi Party and Adolf Hitler, came to see me regarding a document, some 300 pages long, on the medical treatment given by Dr Theodore Morell to Hitler. The document had been obtained at the Nuremberg war trials. My original report to Hughes on the content of this document is reproduced here.

  7. Greek National Security Concerns and the European Union’s Common Foreign and Security Policy: Consensus or Divergence?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    Theodore A. Couloumbis et al. (New York: Pella Publishing Co., 1976). 12 In a similar manner, Constantine Stephanopoulos asserted that: “National aims... Stephanopoulos , “Issues of Greek Foreign Policy,” in The Greek Paradox- Promise vs. Prerformance, ed. Graham T. Allison and Kalypso Nikolaidis...Opportunities. Burlington, Vermont: Ashgate Publishing Ltd., 2010. Stephanopoulos , Constantine. “Issues of Greek Foreign Policy.” In The Greek Paradox

  8. A Promise of Concreteness : Martin Heidegger’s Unacknowledged Role in the Formation of Frankfurt School in the Weimar Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Immanen, Mikko

    2017-01-01

    As prominent figures in continental philosophy, both Martin Heidegger and the Frankfurt School critical theorists Theodor W. Adorno, Max Horkheimer, and Herbert Marcuse have all been studied extensively. However, there has been little interest in a comparative approach toward these giants of twentieth-century European thought. This is understandable considering that during their lifetimes the relationship between Heidegger and the neo-Marxist Frankfurt School thinkers was mostly hostile or ig...

  9. Technology Horizons: A Vision for Air Force Science and Technology 2010-30

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    the Harold Keith Johnson Visiting Chair in Military History at the US Army Military History Institute, Army War College. He was a founding curator...and Dr. Theodore von Kármán. Maxwell AFB, AL: Air University Press, 1997. Day, Dwayne A. Lightning Rod: A History of the Air Force Chief...Directorate of Strategic Plan- ning, 2008. Johnson , Stephen. The United States Air Force and the Culture of Inno- vation: 1945–1965. Washington, DC

  10. Revolutionary Art – Nationalism – Anti-Semitism: The Case of Wagner

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goran Gretić

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the political aspects of revolutionary art of Richard Wagner. Through reading of Wagner’s artistic-philosophical project by his most influential interpreters – Friedrich Nietzsche, Thomas Mann and Theodor Adorno – author offers intellectual history of the reception of this project. Discourse on Wagner’s revolutionary art leads to the assessment of the influence Wagner’s cultural anti-Semitism and nationalism had on European politics in 20th century.

  11. [Friedrich Nietzsche: history of his illness. On the 100th anniversary of the death of the poet-philosopher].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkes, J

    2000-04-01

    The philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche was one of the most famous patients in the psychiatric hospital Jena. Between 1889 and 1890, Otto Binswanger und Theodor Ziehen treated the progressive paralysis of Friedrich Nietzsche whose 100th anniversary of death is on 25th August 2000. After Nietzsche's death, an animated discussion about his disease arose. Many objected against the syphilitic diagnosis of the disease. Nietzsche's medical fill became a popular object of science, although it ended as a very odd story.

  12. From The Firebird to The Rite of Spring: Meter and Alignment in Stravinsky’s Russian-Period Works

    OpenAIRE

    Pieter van den Toorn

    2013-01-01

    Addressed here is the psychological complexity of meter, notated and heard, in The Firebird and Part II of The Rite of Spring. Of concern from the standpoint of the listener are the competing forces of meter, displacement, and parallelism; how these forces take precedence, with melody and harmony falling into place accordingly. Duly supplanted is the motivicism of the Classical style (developing variation), as Theodor Adorno observed some time ago. Also of consequence here are octatonic ha...

  13. Freedom, Music and the RIAA: How the Recording Industry Association of America Shapes Culture by De-politicizing Music

    OpenAIRE

    Arditi, David Michael

    2007-01-01

    Since the development of widespread sound recording and distribution, the music industry has become increasingly consolidated among fewer companies. Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno described how the commodifying forces of the music industry lead to a predictable formulaic music that lacks any critical approach to society in their groundbreaking book, first published in 1944, Dialectic of Enlightenment (1972). Today, the patterns have not changed as there are now four major record labels kno...

  14. It’s Not New: Historical U.S. Army Security Forces Assistance Efforts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-06

    internal tranquility .”76 What operational approach did the U.S. military take to achieve its national strategic objectives? President Truman laid...Theodore Wilson, Reston, VA, November 30, 1971, Truman Library, Oral History Interviews, Independence, MO, 56-57. 92DoS, FRUS: 1947, Vol. V, 63...Wilson, Reston, VA, November 30, 1971, Truman Library, Oral History Interviews, Independence, MO. Reveron, Derek. “Weak States and Security

  15. Interpreting hegemonic themes in the electronic forró

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Henrique Costa

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Current investigation analyzes hegemonic themes in the music of electronic forró (Brazilian dance. The critical theory of Theodor W. Adorno and Cultural Studies revealed: a the main thematic patterns and clichés of the genre; b the meanings of these thematic patterns; c and some hypothetical implications for the consumer. The above implies certain relations of domination reinforced in and by the consumption of the electronic forró.

  16. Reproduktion og Innovation af den kreative praksis i reklamebranchen

    OpenAIRE

    Eriksen, Steen; Sonntag, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    Abstract This study deals with the relationship between advertising awards, the creative practice in the advertising agencies, and the rivalry between creative practices and the other important aspects of advertising, like agency-client relation, composition of employees and the pursuit of the client to secure a sensible return of investment?. This study offers a rare use of practice theory as a holistic approach to studying creativity, primarily building on the works of Theodor Shatzki...

  17. Metropolis Filmi: Aydınlanmanın Diyalektiği, Modernite, Mit ve Modern Mimari

    OpenAIRE

    AKGÜN YÜKSEKLİ, Berrin

    2013-01-01

    Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer asserted that the project of enlightenment which itself is already totalitarian aimed to overthrow the myths from the human mind and to install human beings as masters reverted to mythology at the end, in their master work ‘Dialectic of Enlightment: Philosophical Fragments’ (1947). As artistic products of Enlightment Project, cinema and architecture of early twentieth century affirmed Adorno and Horkheimer’s thesis. Fritz Lang’s Metropolis (1927)’s multi-laye...

  18. Fabrication Security and Trust of Domain-Specific ASIC Processors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-30

    1 Fabrication Security and Trust of Domain-Specific ASIC Processors Michael Vai, Karen Gettings, and Theodore Lyszczarz MIT Lincoln Laboratory...specific ASIC processor architecture, which we showed to be effective in protecting IP and mitigating the expense and inflexibility associated with using...practicality in ensuring the trust and security of the processor when it is fabricated. The result is a processor architecture that incorporates

  19. Täna ketšupivestern, homme kunstfilm! / Rene Vilbre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vilbre, Renė, 1970-

    2002-01-01

    Seoses Theodor Lutsu sünniaastapäevaga Palamusel toimunud seitmendatel filmipäevadel leidis aset ka 5. lühifilmide avatud konkurss. Konkursi võidutöödest : Fraktsioon Õ mängufilmist "Tapja õllejogurti seiklused", Kullar Viimse dokumentaalfilmist "Kuhu lähed", Daniel Müntineni alias Dan Leadi animafilmist "Punapäine päikeseloojang" ning telerežii tudengi Heilika Võsu eksperimentaalfilmist "Hüsteerik"

  20. Defending the unabomber: anosognosia in schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amador, X F; Paul-Odouard, R

    2000-01-01

    The use of recent psychiatric research in the defense of the 'Unabomber' (United States vs. Theodore Kaczynski) is a compelling example of how the gap between research and practice can have profound consequences on the practice of forensic psychiatry, psychology and the judicial process. In this case, educating the lawyers and the court about the research on poor insight in schizophrenia changed the defense strategy and ultimately the course of the trial.

  1. Globalization VS Internationalization for Entrepreneurs

    OpenAIRE

    Bambang Pratama

    2011-01-01

    In an article in the Harvard Business Review Theodore Levitt published The Globalization of Markets. Business activities across the country after it became a very interesting topic of study for both academics and practitioners. This topic has become so phenomenal because his arguments about globalization is the economic convergence with business activities without any national barriers. In contrast to the internationalization that tends to narrow and tends to do business across national borde...

  2. La ricezione del sionismo nella stampa cattolica italiana (1897-1917). Una ricerca in corso

    OpenAIRE

    Tullia Catalan

    2011-01-01

    This article intends to examine the reception of the first Zionism by the Italian Catholic press close to the Holy See: "Osservatore Romano" and "Civiltà Cattolica". Three years are analysed in this study: 1897, birth of Zionism; 1904 visit of the Zionist leader Theodor Herzl to the Pope in Rome; 1917, Balfour Declaration. Particular attention has been paid to the 1897, crucial moment for the political European Anti-semitism. For this year have been examined also some local intransigent Catho...

  3. Myth and enlightenment: necessity, history, and agency in Shelley’s poetry and prose

    OpenAIRE

    San Martín Varela, Pablo

    2017-01-01

    This thesis traces the changing conceptions and uses of myth in the poetry and prose of Percy Shelley. Its main argument is framed from a critical-theoretical perspective inspired by Dialectic of Enlightenment by Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer. From this methodological standpoint, the study of myth can be related to other aspects of Shelley’s work, like his understanding of history and the problem of necessity and agency. The body of the dissertation is divided into three...

  4. [Genealogy of the Meckel anatomy family (from Hem[b]sbach)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viebig, Michael; Schultka, Rüdiger

    2002-11-01

    The main goal of our investigations is to complete the genealogy of the famous Meckel dynasty. It is important to answer a lot of questions which have remained unanswered until now. During the investigations we were able to find the names of three children who died early and were dissected by their father Philipp Friedrich Theodor Meckel (1755-1803). Besides, it was possible to extend distinctly our knowledge of the various genealogical lines of the Meckel family.

  5. Kaks Jeanne d'Arci ja Nosferatu / Sirje Normet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Normet, Sirje

    2006-01-01

    IX Pimedate Ööde Filmifestival. Lähemalt kontsert-filmiseansist Tallinnas, kus Theodor Dreyeri tummfilmi "Jeanne d'Arci kannatused" (Prantsusmaa 1928) saatis prantsuse muusik Hector Zazou; Dzhanik Faizijevi mängufilmist "Türgi gambiit" (Venemaa 2005); Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau õudusfilmist "Nosferatu - õuduste sümfoonia" (Saksamaa 1922), mida näidati 1. dets. Viru Keskuses ja mille taustaks mängis ansambel Kriminaalne Elevant

  6. Cultural Resources Investigations of the East and West Bayou Sale Tie-In Levee, St. Mary Parish, Louisiana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-10-01

    planter for the harvest and processing of a good crop (Maygarden et al. 1994). Generally speaking, bondage on the cane plantations of Louisiana had a...1994 Toward a Global Historical Archaeology: An Example from Brazil . Historical Archaeology 29(l):5-22. Orser, Charles E. and Theodore J. Karamanski...of Cane: Cuba, Brazil , and Louisiana after Emancipation. The American Historical Review 99(1):70-102. Shackel, Paul A. 1992 Modern Discipline: Its

  7. 2011 Defense Industrial Base Critical Infrastructure Protection Conference (DIBCIP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-25

    Operating Base in Colombia , and the Military Groups in over 30 countries within the area of responsibility. Prior to his promotion to General Officer...contingency operations in Somalia, Haiti, Bosnia, Croatia, Liberia, Colombia , and Kosovo. Colonel Stephan is a distinguished graduate of the USAF...Boots Pharmaceuticals . He holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Applied Chemistry from DeMontfort University in England. MR. THEODORE M. DAVIDSON

  8. Educing Information - Interrogation: Science and Art, Foundations for the Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-12-01

    consultants engaged in a long-term (beyond the sale), collaborative relationship with the buyer (client). People may feel less need to be wary of a...fundamental cause of confessions.”184 Based on Freudian concepts of the id and ego, Reik’s work attempts to show that the unconscious compulsion to...122. 185 Theodor Reik, The Compulsion to Confess: On the Psychoanalysis of Crime and Punishment, translated by Katherine Jones (New York: Farrar

  9. [Knowledge in stories. On the mutual lucidation of literature, media, and science].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dotzler, Bernhard J

    2009-12-01

    What are science studies for? The article faces this question by arguing, (1) that they dan help to improve literary criticism, and (2) that such an improved criticism allo s to recognize how knowledge, whether scientific or not, is linked with history and culture respectively. Both aspects are demonstrated by some remarks on Theodor Fontane's most famous novel, Effi Briest, and its allusions to the then newly discoveredd microbes on the one hand as well as to mediumistic phaenomena on the other hand.

  10. On Erich Fromm: why he left the Frankfurt school

    OpenAIRE

    Kamau, Caroline

    2012-01-01

    This chapter explores and discusses: \\ud \\ud -Erich Fromm's career path and scholarly identity - from his youth, to his doctoral research, through to his psychoanalytic training.\\ud \\ud -Erich Fromm's entry into a key organization in the history of the social sciences: the Institute for Social Research (now known as the Frankfurt School).\\ud \\ud -Group dynamics among key figures within the Frankfurt School, including Max Horkheimer and Theodore Adorno.\\ud \\ud -Erich Fromm's professional devel...

  11. Theodora Lippsa psychologiczna koncepcja empatii

    OpenAIRE

    Gulin, Wojciech

    1997-01-01

    The article concerns to one of prime among theories of empathy in psychology. Theodor Lipps, German psychologist, was its originator. He based his conception of empathy on analysis of development of speech - form primitive to present - day belong: an imitation, communication and projection of one self to object. Lipps considered that empathy plays an important role because its constitutes appeases based to creation and development of societies. The German psychologist also distinguished so...

  12. Korp! Rotalia Tartu Ülikooli juubeliaastal / Johannes Pedak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pedak, Johannes, 1908-2003

    1981-01-01

    Pealkiri on eksitav, kirjeldatakse perioodi 1931-1935. Fotodel kujutatud isikutest on nimetatud Kristjan Joost, Osvald Hindrekus, Ülo Ojamaa, Leo Wulff-Karupää, Boris Brandmann-Adila, Louis Orav, Harry Varik, Ferd. Kongo, Karl Hallik, Aleks Pals, Johannes Pedak, Endel Toiger, Aksel Tomasson, O. Pirn, Aado Toomes, Leo Kripson, Nikolai Schmidt, Heinrich Karu (Karro), Theodor Indrikson-Agur, Ilo Hõlpus, Johannes Freiwald -Priimets, Karl Anvelt, Arnold Petermann-Pedak, Leonhard Võsoberg

  13. Guilt phenomena in medicine, psychology, and psychiatry

    OpenAIRE

    Germanavičius, Arūnas

    2014-01-01

    This article gives an overview of various aspects of guilt arising in psychiatry as an interdisciplinary field, where different conceptions of medical ethics and of psychology lead to different practices. The analysis of modern psychiatric phenomena of guilt using a historical approach is based on the concept of guilt expounded by one of the world’s greatest philosophers, Karl Theodor Jaspers, who has made a huge impact on the formation of psychiatric research. The author presents an original...

  14. The red atom - the help to Russia of German scientists between 1945 - 1961

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andurand, R.

    2009-01-01

    The fifth chapter of the cooperation between German scientists and USSR from 1945 to 1961 is tackled in this issue. It treats how the german scientists were ostracized and then, their return to Germany. The returns began in 1954. The lives of Gustav Hertz, Heinz Barwich, Bruno Pontecorvo, klaus Fuchs, Manfred von Ardenne, Peter Adolf von Thiessen, Max Christian Theodor Steenbeck, Gernot Zippe, Max Vollmer, are in relation with the development of nuclear research where they brought their contribution. (N.C.)

  15. Schrijven na Auschwitz, na apartheid, na de digital turn | T'Sjoen ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In this paper I discuss the concept of “engaged poetry” and the position of poetry with a so-called ethic dimension in the digital era. Taking the famous aphorism by Theodor W. Adorno as a starting point—“Nach Auschwitz ein Gedicht zu schreiben, ist barbarisch” (“After Auschwitz writing poetry is barbaric”)—and the two ...

  16. Native weeds and exotic plants: relationships to disturbance in mixed grass prairie

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson, D.L.

    2003-01-01

    The paper compares distributions of native weedy species and exotic species with respect to three kinds of disturbance, roads, trails, and prairie dog towns. Data were collected at the north and south units of Theodore Roosevelt National Park and at Wind Cave National Park. The paper concludes that many exotic species differ substantially from native weeds in their exploitation of disturbance. It is thus not useful to manage exotics as if they were just another weed.

  17. The Colour of Adorno's Thought and On Monochromy and Repressive Tolerance:Notes on the Post WWII Recrudescence of the Revolutionary Form

    OpenAIRE

    Gandesha, Samir; Mansoor, Jaleh

    2013-01-01

    Hito Steyerl’s installation Adorno’s Grey (2012) features a single channel video set at the Goethe-Universität in Frankfurt where Theodor W. Adorno famously taught. It shows two conservators scraping the walls of a lecture hall, looking for the legendary grey that Adorno had his classroom painted in order to promote concentration. The “Busenattentat” (Breast Attack) incident that occurred during his 1969 lecture series, “Introduction to Dialectical Thinking”, is narrated and interpreted over ...

  18. Internal Drivers of External Flexibility: A Detailed Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-08-14

    unanticipated. Red Bull worked with a third party logistics provider ( 3PL ) to realign their distribution, warehouse, and inventory system to meet the...Manufacturer – 3PL Relationships," Journal of Business Logistics, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 43-64. 70 Sohi, Ravipreet S., Daniel C. Smith, and Neil M...capabilities, and performance in manufacturer – 3PL relationships. Journal of Business Logistics, 25 (2), 43-64. Stank, Theodore P., Goldsby

  19. Foundations of the Islamic State: Management, Money, and Terror in Iraq, 2005-2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    the Islamic State Jeffrey Martini, Blake Mobley, McKenzie O’Brien, Phillip Padilla, Eric Robinson, Omar al-Shahery, Robert Stewart, Chris Tucker, and...arguments, see Angel Rabasa, Peter Chalk, Kim Cragin, Sara A. Daly, Heather S. Gregg, Theodore W. Karasik, Kevin A. O’Brien, and William Rosenau, Beyond al...Roisin Blake , Jabhat al-Nusra: A Strategic Briefing, London: Quil- liam Foundation, January 2013, p. 2. 180 Foundations of the Islamic State of the Abu

  20. Security conference convenes in Munich / Ella Karapetyan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karapetyan, Ella

    2011-01-01

    Eesti president osales Münchenis toimunud rahvusvahelisel julgeolekupoliitika konverentsil, kus räägiti ka strateegilist tuumarelvastust piiravast START lepingust, olukorrast araabia maades ja finantskriisi mõjust julgeolekule. Toomas Hendrik Ilves juhtis diskussiooni relvastuskontrollist. Konverentsil osalesid ka Robert Zoellick, Wolfgang Schaueble, George Soros, Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg, William Hague, Hillary Clinton, Sergei Lavrov, David Cameron, Catherine Ashton, Ban ki-moon, Anders Fogh Rasmussen ja Angela Merkel. Müncheni julgeolekukonverents 04.02.2011 - 06.02.2011

  1. Il disagio degli insegnanti tra psicologia e pedagogia: una indagine multidimensionale sul fenomeno del burnout

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca Botticelli

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available A partire da un minuzioso esame della letteratura internazionale sui diversi versanti che costituiscono gli elementi chiave di questa ricerca (stress lavoro-correlato, burnout, formazione insegnanti il lavoro vuole analizzare il fenomeno del burnout degli insegnanti come fenomeno multi dimensionale. Si raggiunge questo obiettivo a partire dalla concezione del burnout come risultato di stress lavoro-correlato che si muove su dimensioni plurime, aventi carattere sia soggettivo che organizzativo. Per l‘apprezzamento delle prime sono stati utilizzati il Maslach Burnout Inventory (Maslach e Jackson 1986; validazione italiana Sirigatti e Stefanile, 1993; sul versante della salute organizzativa il Multidimensional Organizational Health Questionnaire (MOHQ; Avallone e Paplomatas 2005; sul versante dei principali sintomi lamentati dal campione di ricerca la Sympton Check List (SCL-90; Derogatis, 1977 e infine sulla percezione di sé Adjective Check List (ACL; Gough 1949; valid. It. Gough, Heilbrun, e Fioravanti, 1980 nella modalità di Sé reale . Il campione era costituito da 52 docenti di cui 28 maschi (53,8% e 24 femmine (46,2%. 50 anni l‘età media dei soggetti interpellati. L‘analisi dei risultati mostra la necessità di soluzioni al problema secondo più dimensioni e anche di una lettura pedagogica del fenomeno nel suo intrecciarsi con le dinamiche alla base della socialità contemporanea. Tale lettura e le soluzioni proposte si inscrivono infatti nel contesto ampio delle trasformazioni che investono a livello globale il mondo dell‘istruzione e la società nel suo complesso, generando un disagio che si coagula intorno alla perdita di senso del proprio essere nel mondo, quindi anche sul senso delle attività lavorative e dell‘educazione. Il contributo pedagogico è orientato quindi alla ricerca di senso da un lato, e al contrasto a livello istituzionale di pratiche volte a fare dell‘educazione un mercato e del suo assessment uno

  2. Personally committed to emotional labor: Surface acting, emotional exhaustion and performance among service employees with a strong need to belong.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yagil, Dana; Medler-Liraz, Hana

    2017-10-01

    Individual differences in emotional labor and subsequent vulnerability to burnout have been explored through the prism of Congruence Theory, which examines the congruence between personality traits and job requirements (Bono & Vey, 2007; Moskowitz & Coté, 1995). Drawing on theory and research dealing with the association between the need to belong and self-regulation (Baumeister, DeWall, Ciarocco & Twenge, 2005), this study examined the relationship between need to belong and service employees' surface acting and associated outcomes. In Study 1, participants (N = 54) were asked to write a response to an aggressive email from a hypothetical customer. The need to belong was positively related to display of positive emotions and negatively to display of negative emotions in the responses, but not related to felt anger, suggesting that it is associated with the inclination to engage in surface acting. In Study 2, a field study conducted with 170 service employee-customer dyads, surface acting mediated the positive relationship between fear of isolation and emotional exhaustion, and emotional exhaustion mediated the relationship between surface acting and customer satisfaction. These results suggested that service employees with a strong need to belong might have a heightened risk of burnout because of their inclination to engage in emotional labor. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  3. Experimental investigation on heat transfer of a single droplet during collision with a heated wall above Leidenfrost temperature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Junseok; Kim, Hyungdae [Kyung Hee University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-10-15

    The correlation was derived based on the mechanistic model of Baumeister4 for film boiling heat transfer coefficient of a Leidenfrost droplet floated on a heated surface. The model was formulated only with the physical parameters of the stationary droplet while the droplet collision heat transfer phenomenon is very dynamic. Therefore, it is needed to improve the existing prediction correlation for droplet-wall collision heat transfer by incorporating dynamic characteristics of collision droplets into heat transfer coefficient model. In this study, effects of droplet velocity on collision dynamics and heat transfer characteristics during droplet-wall collision beyond the Leidenfrost point were examined using the integrated high-speed visible and infrared (IR) imaging technique. The experimental results obtained from the synchronized HSV and IR measurement could provide a better understanding than the previous existing results because various physical parameters associated with droplet-wall collision dynamics and heat transfer phenomena can be simultaneously obtained and the relation between collision dynamics and local heat transfer characteristics can be examined. This study experimentally investigated the dynamic behavior and heat transfer characteristics of droplet. The tests were conducted using a water droplet with diameter of 2 mm at atmospheric pressure. Droplet with velocity in the range from 0.2 to 1.5 collided with heated wall.

  4. Unraveling the "new morbidity": adolescent parenting and developmental delays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borkowski, J G; Whitman, T L; Passino, A W; Rellinger, E A; Sommer, K; Keogh, D

    1992-01-01

    Baumeister's concept of the "new morbidity" pertains to the linkages between poverty, adolescent mothers, and a series of developmental delays in their children. Outlined are three possible causes of the mild mental retardation and learning disabilities that are found disproportionately among the offspring of adolescents. First, there may be a direct genetic transmission of mild mental retardation. Second, adolescent mothers are likely to have a lack of support from a social network, be unprepared cognitively and emotionally to assume responsibility for child rearing, and to look to an infant to meet their own needs. Third, the interaction of genetic and environmental deficits leads to a parenting style that deprives the child of stimulation that could potentially overcome these deficits. A secure mother-infant attachment relationship provides the foundation for the development of social, emotional, attentional, and self-regulatory processes. When this attachment relationship is insecure, as a result of the mother's unreadiness to parent, the child cannot proceed to exploration of the environment--a critical component of cognitive development. If the infant has a difficult temperament, the risk of physical and emotional abuse increases, further compromising the child's future development. By 3 years of age, many of these children are showing declines in mental functioning, delays in receptive language skills, and poor motor and social skills. Research is urged to identify events in this chain that can be targeted for early intervention.

  5. Afrontamiento y Autocontrol en Adolescentes Michoacanos: Evaluando su Alternativa de ¿Migrar o no Migrar?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angélica Ojeda García

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La decisión de migrar, en algunos casos tiene que ver con una búsqueda de mejor calidad de vida, de poder adquisitivo y de sobrevivencia, con una tradición familiar y cultural (Sánchez de la Barquera, 1997. El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar los tipos de afrontamiento y de autocontrol que mostró una muestra de 906 adolescentes, estudiantes de bachillerato que residían en la Cd. de Morelia (altamente expulsora, a través de la Escala Multidimensional y Multisituacional de Estilos de Afrontamiento (Góngora & Reyes, 1998 y la Escala de Autocontrol compuesta por reactivos de Piquero, Macintosh y Hickman (2000 y Tangney, Baumeister y Boone (2004. Los resultados muestran distintas formas de afrontar los problemas en los adolescentes. El estilo que suelen usar con mayor frecuencia es el Evitante; así como su nivel de Autocontrol para planear tanto su conducta presente como futura es muy baja, lo que a su vez les puede traer diversas consecuencias en el dominio y manejo de su vida.

  6. Emotional, Cognitive and Self-Enhancement Processes in Aggressive Behavior After Interpersonal Rejection and Exclusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Rajchert

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between exclusion or rejection and aggression is already well documented, but there is still a debate about the mechanisms that underlie this effect. In two studies we focused on the propensity to react aggressively (readiness for aggression on the bases of emotional, cognitive or self-enhancement (personality-immanent processes. In both studies we first measured readiness for aggression and then ego-depleted participants. Next, in Study 1 we excluded participants (n = 96 using an online ball throwing game and measured displaced aggressive behavior - intensity and duration of an unpleasant noise administrated to a stranger. In Study 2 participants (n = 140 were rejected by a peer on the basis of an interview that they gave and then could retaliate by reducing peer's chance for getting a job. The results show that exclusion effect on displaced aggression was moderated by cognitive readiness for aggression, while rejection effect on retaliatory aggression was shaped by emotional and personality-immanent readiness for aggression as well as ego-depletion. The results were discussed in light of the strength model of self-control by Baumeister, Vohs, and Tice (2007.

  7. How addiction happens, how change happens, and what social workers need to know to be effective facilitators of change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Littrell, Jill

    2011-10-26

    During the last two decades, neuroscience research has proliferated examining brain mechanisms that explain why some people are compelled to pursue drugs and alcohol. The findings suggest that addiction is independent of pleasure, and that drug seeking can be triggered outside of conscious awareness (Berridge, Robinson, & Aldridge, 2009; Goldstein et al., 2009; Kalivas, Volkow, & Seamans, 2005). The observations and conclusions from this research can be used to advantage in treating addiction. The use of social psychological principles, in the context of motivational interviewing, offers a platform for taking advantage of these new insights. After a brief sketch of the latest understanding of the physiological forces operating in addiction, the author examines those ways to interact with substance dependent clients that promote change without provoking resistance in this article. Action plans are later described that can supplant automatic, addiction-induced behaviors (Gollwitzer, Fujita, & Oettingen, 2004). Mechanisms such as building coping skills are discussed, that help in maintaining new behaviors. Some of these mechanisms are efficacious because they bolster the brain's self-regulatory capacity (Baumeister, Vohs, & Tice, 2007; Littrell, 2010). Thus, for every step in the change process, from resistance to change maintenance, validated guidelines for altering the outcome from addiction will be provided.

  8. Positive Emotional Language in the Final Words Spoken Directly Before Execution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirschmüller, Sarah; Egloff, Boris

    2015-01-01

    How do individuals emotionally cope with the imminent real-world salience of mortality? DeWall and Baumeister as well as Kashdan and colleagues previously provided support that an increased use of positive emotion words serves as a way to protect and defend against mortality salience of one's own contemplated death. Although these studies provide important insights into the psychological dynamics of mortality salience, it remains an open question how individuals cope with the immense threat of mortality prior to their imminent actual death. In the present research, we therefore analyzed positivity in the final words spoken immediately before execution by 407 death row inmates in Texas. By using computerized quantitative text analysis as an objective measure of emotional language use, our results showed that the final words contained a significantly higher proportion of positive than negative emotion words. This emotional positivity was significantly higher than (a) positive emotion word usage base rates in spoken and written materials and (b) positive emotional language use with regard to contemplated death and attempted or actual suicide. Additional analyses showed that emotional positivity in final statements was associated with a greater frequency of language use that was indicative of self-references, social orientation, and present-oriented time focus as well as with fewer instances of cognitive-processing, past-oriented, and death-related word use. Taken together, our findings offer new insights into how individuals cope with the imminent real-world salience of mortality.

  9. Positive Emotional Language in the Final Words Spoken Directly Before Execution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah eHirschmüller

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available How do individuals emotionally cope with the imminent real-world salience of mortality? DeWall and Baumeister as well as Kashdan and colleagues previously provided support that an increased use of positive emotion words serves as a way to protect and defend against mortality salience of one’s own contemplated death. Although these studies provide important insights into the psychological dynamics of mortality salience, it remains an open question how individuals cope with the immense threat of mortality prior to their imminent actual death. In the present research, we therefore analyzed positivity in the final words spoken immediately before execution by 407 death row inmates in Texas. By using computerized quantitative text analysis as an objective measure of emotional language use, our results showed that the final words contained a significantly higher proportion of positive than negative emotion words. This emotional positivity was significantly higher than (a positive emotion word usage base rates in spoken and written materials and (b positive emotional language use with regard to contemplated death and attempted or actual suicide. Additional analyses showed that emotional positivity in final statements was associated with a greater frequency of language use that was indicative of self-references, social orientation, and present-oriented time focus as well as with fewer instances of cognitive-processing, past-oriented, and death-related word use. Taken together, our findings offer new insights into how individuals cope with the imminent real-world salience of mortality.

  10. Self-Control as a Personality Resource: Assessment and Associations with Performance, Persistence and Well-Being

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gordeeva T.O.

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Self-control is one’s ability to control one’s own behavior and emotional expression, to react to external events in a deliberate manner, and to interrupt actions motivated by undesirable impulses or affects. We present two studies aimed to validate a Russian-language version of the 13-item Brief Self-Control Scale by J.P. Tangney, R.F. Baumeister and A.L. Boone in samples of employees (N=591 and students (N=328. Confirmatory factor analysis supported a one-dimensional structure. The scale shows high internal consistency (alpha 0,79-0,84 and predictable associations with self-report and objective indicators of current and future academic and work performance. Self-control is positively associated with positive functioning (i.e., intrinsic motivation, goal-setting, persistence, conscientiousness, hardiness, productive coping strategies, optimistic attributional style, self-efficacy, emotional stability, and subjective well-being. These associations hold when social desirability is controlled. The results suggest that self-control is an important personality and motivational resource which results in higher performance and psychological well-being.

  11. Portfolio langagier : Les finissants des programmes d’immersion se révèlent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucille Mandin

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a research conducted with French Immersion graduates in the context of an introductory language methodology course in a francophone institution. The participants completed a language portfolio, created by Laplante & Christiansen (2001. The portfolio consisted of a two-page autobiographical narrative entitled 'My Life in French till now', an action plan which included an analysis of the errors they identified as targets for that semester and the means or the tools they chose to correct the errors. An analysis of the autobiographical narrative, a document written by the individual participants, stemming from their life experiences since they were exposed to the French language, is presented. The narrative is inspired by the values they have developed and the choices they have made concerning learning French (Baumeister, 1991; Kenyon, 1999. This study also presents a profile of significant experiences these French Immersion graduates identify as pivotal in their motivation to pursue their postsecondary studies in French. They also highlight teachers, friends and family who played an important role during 'their lives in French' till now. In their action plan, the students identified categories of linguistic challenges in areas such as semantics, syntax and phonology. These results shed light on questions pertaining to best practices in French Immersion programs.

  12. The strength model of self-control revisited: Linking acute and chronic effects of exercise on executive functions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Audiffren

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Since the 1960's, hundreds of articles have been published on the effects of exercise on cognition and more recently on executive functions. A large variety of effects have been observed: acute or long-lasting, facilitating or debilitating. Several theoretical frameworks have been proposed to explain these effects with plausible mechanisms. However, as yet none of these models has succeeded in unifying all the observations in a single framework that subsumes all effects. The aim of the present review is to revisit the strength model of self-control initiated by Baumeister and his colleagues in the 1990's in order to extend its assumptions to exercise psychology. This model provides a heuristic framework that can explain and predict the effects of acute and chronic exercise on effortful tasks tapping self-regulation or executive functions. A reconsideration of exercise as a self-control task results from this perspective. A new avenue for future research is delineated besides more traditional approaches.

  13. NAS-50 and NAS-40: New scales for the assessment of self-control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nęcka Edward

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we present a new questionnaire for the assessment of self-control as an individual trait. We describe the process of construction of this assessment tool. We also report the results of relevant validation studies. The questionnaire has two independent versions, one based on self-reports (NAS-50 and another one based on other-reports (NAS-40. The first version consists of five subscales (10 items each, called Initiative and Persistence (IP, Proactive Control (PC, Switching and Flexibility (SF, Inhibition and Adjournment (IA, and Goal Maintenance (GM. Seven samples of participants (N = 934 altogether took part in the validation study. The second version has not been split into subscales. Both versions obtained satisfactory indices of internal consistency, assessed with Cronbach’s alpha (for NAS- 50 total score a = .861, for the subscales a between .726 and .867; for NAS-40 a = .844. The NAS-50 and NAS-40 scores were highly correlated with other measures of self-control, including Tangney, Baumeister, and Boone’s (2004 self-control scale. They also proved to be entirely independent of general intelligence. In conclusion, both versions can be regarded reliable and valid enough, and therefore suitable for the assessment of trait self-control for research purposes.

  14. Self-Control Scale AS-36: Construction and validation study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nęcka Edward

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a validation study of a new questionnaire of self-control as an individual trait. The questionnaire has two parallel versions, one based on self-reports (AS-36 and another one based on informant reports (AS-36-3. Each version consists of three subscales, called Inhibition (12 items, Switching (12 items, and Goal Monitoring (12 items. Eight samples of participants (N = 935 altogether took part in the validation study. Both versions obtained satisfactory indices of internal consistency, assessed with Cronbach’s alpha and split-half coefficients. Selfcontrol assessed with this scale proved to be entirely independent of general intelligence. However, AS-36 and AS-36-3 scores tended to correlate with other self-report measures of trait self control, such as Tangney, Baumeister, and Boone’s (2004 self-control scale. We conclude that AS-36 is a valid and reliable tool, suitable for assessment of self-control in both research and diagnostic settings.

  15. Portfolio langagier : Les finissants des programmes d’immersion se révèlent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucille Mandin

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This article presents a research conducted with French Immersion graduates in the context of an introductory language methodology course in a francophone institution. The participants completed a language portfolio, created by Laplante & Christiansen (2001. The portfolio consisted of a two-page autobiographical narrative entitled 'My Life in French till now', an action plan which included an analysis of the errors they identified as targets for that semester and the means or the tools they chose to correct the errors. An analysis of the autobiographical narrative, a document written by the individual participants, stemming from their life experiences since they were exposed to the French language, is presented. The narrative is inspired by the values they have developed and the choices they have made concerning learning French (Baumeister, 1991; Kenyon, 1999. This study also presents a profile of significant experiences these French Immersion graduates identify as pivotal in their motivation to pursue their postsecondary studies in French. They also highlight teachers, friends and family who played an important role during 'their lives in French' till now. In their action plan, the students identified categories of linguistic challenges in areas such as semantics, syntax and phonology. These results shed light on questions pertaining to best practices in French Immersion programs.

  16. Reflexões de passagem sobre o lazer: notas sobre a pedagogia da indústria cultural Reflections on leisure: notes on the pedagogy of the culture industry Reflexiones de pasaje sobre el ocio: notas sobre la pedagogía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available O presente texto trata de alguns elementos da relação entre indústria cultural e lazer, compreendendo o segundo como parte indissociável da primeira. Para isso, o artigo retoma, em sua primeira parte, um pouco da origem do conceito, tal como foi desenvolvido por Theodor Adorno e Max Horkheimer. Logo depois, são citados alguns exemplos nos quais se materializam os esquemas da indústria cultural – a transmissão da Copa de 2002, a arena política contemporânea, um filme documentário, a indústria do culto ao corpo – para tentar verificar como esses esquemas formam uma constelação macabra que naturaliza os processos de domi-nação pelo entretenimento contemporâneo. Ao final, o texto realiza uma pequena incursão no tema do riso, expressão de uma dialética da civilização, do descontrole pulsional mediado racionalmente, mas também marca da esperança de uma natureza não conformada. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: lazer – indústria cultural – Escola de Frankfurt – tempo livre – corpo – Theodor W. Adorno The present text deals with a few elements of the relation between the culture industry and leisure, the latter being understood as an undetachable part of the former. In order to do so, this article brings, in its first part, some of the origin of the concept of culture industry as it was developed by Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer. It then gives a few examples in which culture industry structures materialize – the broadcasting of the World Cup 2002, the contemporary political arena, a documentary film, the “perfect body” industry – in an attempt to verify how these structures form a gruesome constellation which make us perceive the domination processes behind contemporary entertainment as “natural”. In its final part, this text briefly analyzes the theme of laughter as an expression of a civilization’s dialectic, a pulsional control loss which is rationally mediated, but also a sign of hope of a nonconforming

  17. Die filosofiese vraagstelling na Anderswees in die kerk1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. J. Beukes

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available The philosophical problem of Otherness in the church. Employing the critical perspectives of philosophers Theodor Adorno and Michel Foucault, this article explores some consequences of the philosophical problem of Otherness within the social realm of the church. The author focuses on the marginalizing effect that instrumental rationality (described as the preferential discourse of modernity has on the church as an institution of power, with reference to ecumenicity, interfaith discourse and the socio-subjective disposition of women, children and homosexuals in the life and work of the church.

  18. Elamine gaasimahutites : nelja ajaloolise gasomeetri ümberehitus Viinis / Reinhard Seiss

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seiss, Reinhard

    2005-01-01

    Theodor Hermanni plaanide järgi 1896-1899 ehitatud nelja muinsuskaitse all oleva gasomeetri ümberehitusest aastail 1998-2001. Autorid Jean Nouvel, Coop Himmelb(l)au (arhitektid Wolf Prix, Helmut Swiczinsky), Manfred Wehdorn ja Wilhelm Holzbauer. Gasomeertrid on maapealsel korrusel ühendatud jalakäijate ala ja poekompleksiga Shopping Mall, hoonete ülemistes osades on bürood ja korterid, maa-alusel korrusel garaahid. Pleasuredome'i arhitekt Rüdiger Lainer. Linnaosa arendamise kavast. Ill.: 1 joonis, 7 värv. fotot

  19. Fifty Years of Laser: World and Latvian Experience

    OpenAIRE

    Ozols, A

    2010-01-01

    The first laser was born at Hughes Research Laboratories in Malibu, Calif. USA on May 16, 1960 when Theodor Maiman and his assistant Irnee D’Haenens demonstrated their ruby (Al2O3:Cr3+) laser [1]. However, the acronym „laser” (Light Amplification by a Stimulated Emission of Radiation) refers also to light amplifiers not only to light oscillators. As known, every amplifier can be turned in oscillator by appropriate feedback. This presentation is an attempt to give a brief history of laser incl...

  20. Hitler's penicillin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wainwright, Milton

    2004-01-01

    During the Second World War, the Germans and their Axis partners could only produce relatively small amounts of penicillin, certainly never enough to meet their military needs; as a result, they had to rely upon the far less effective sulfonamides. One physician who put penicillin to effective use was Hitler's doctor, Theodore Morell. Morell treated the Führer with penicillin on a number of occasions, most notably following the failed assassination attempt in July 1944. Some of this penicillin appears to have been captured from, or inadvertently supplied by, the Allies, raising the intriguing possibility that Allied penicillin saved Hitler's life.

  1. "Boiling the vacuum": in silico plasmas under extreme conditions in the laboratory and in astrophysics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Luís O.

    2017-11-01

    Laser technology has progressed tremendously since Theodore Maiman first demonstrated the laser in 1960. One of the most striking examples of this progress is the focused intensity of lasers. Present day lasers in the near infrared frequency range can deliver intensities in excess of 1023 W/cm2. Imagine that you have a very large and powerful lens that captures the light of the sun hitting the upper atmosphere of the Earth and focus it down to a region with the cross section of a human hair. The corresponding intensity is in the range of the most intense lasers now available.

  2. Praksisteori og arbejdslivsforskning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buch, Anders

    2017-01-01

    Praksisteori er en lang og bred human- og socialvidenskabelig tradition, der forsøger at forstå mennesker, arbejde og samfund med udgangspunkt i aktivitet og handling. I denne artikel gøres der rede for praksisteoriens grundlæggende antagelser og begreber. Artiklen fokuserer på, hvordan nyere...... praksisteori – her Theodore Schatzkis teori om socialt liv – udvikler begreber til at forstå, hvordan det sociale liv er organiseret igennem praksisser, og hvordan normativitet i praksisser bidrager til at bestemme handlinger. Der argumenteres for, at den praksisteoretiske tilgang kan tilbyde...

  3. Summary of Research Activities Academic Departments 1981-1982.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-10-01

    8217: Siegfried Sassoon , W. H. R . Rivers, and the Crisis of Shell-Shock in World War I," Washington Society for I the History ot Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland, 12...Thomas E., 152, 167 280, 290, 292 i Blank, David A., 54 Fredland, J. Eric, 247, 265 Bogacz, Theodore, 114, 116, 133 Bowman, William R ., 246, 251...Phyllis, 118 Harding, David S., 14, 19 Harrison, Patrick R ., 239, 240, Dahlgren, Sharon G., 268 241, 242 D’Archangelo, James M. 177 Harrod, Frederick S

  4. From The Firebird to The Rite of Spring: Meter and Alignment in Stravinsky’s Russian-Period Works

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pieter van den Toorn

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Addressed here is the psychological complexity of meter, notated and heard, in The Firebird and Part II of The Rite of Spring. Of concern from the standpoint of the listener are the competing forces of meter, displacement, and parallelism; how these forces take precedence, with melody and harmony falling into place accordingly. Duly supplanted is the motivicism of the Classical style (developing variation, as Theodor Adorno observed some time ago. Also of consequence here are octatonic harmony and the strict performance style favored by the composer on a life-time basis.

  5. Two-Dimensional Flow Modeling: Proceedings of the National U.S. Army Corps of Engineers-Sponsored Seminar on the Two-Dimensional Flow Modeling (1st), 7-9 July 1981,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-03-01

    Niederauer (Enerly, Inc.), Lee Butler (WES), Danny Fread (NOAA). Theodor Strelkoff (Hydraulic Enuineering), Robert MacArthur (HEC), Warren Mellema (4RD), Jaime ...Mississippi, Sabine , and Neches Rivers as shown in Figures 1 and 2. Work is on-going to gradually extend this service to other Gulf Coast rivers in Texas...MEXICO FIG. 2-HURRICANE STORM SURGE FORECASTING OF SABINE AND NECHES RIVERS 16 DAM -Z - PLAN VIEW- SEC. VIEW f-f FIG. 3- DAM-BREAK FLOOD ONTO A VERY WIDE

  6. Fireworks

    OpenAIRE

    Flint, Kate

    2017-01-01

    Taking as my starting point James McNeill Whistler’s 1875 painting 'Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket', I ask what it meant, in the mid-nineteenth century, to represent fireworks, and how we might interpret Whistler’s canvas in the light of the broad context of pyrotechnic displays and the associations that attended them. The article explores the stylistic and material aspects of the work, using both the remarks of contemporary critics and Theodor Adorno’s comments about firework...

  7. Varieties of publication patterns in neuroscience at the cognitive turn.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christen, Markus

    2008-01-01

    The quantification of publication activity and impact has become a key element in the evaluation of scientific excellence. However, it is unclear to what extent this grasps the diversity of research communication that accompanies the transition of scientific fields. This contribution investigates number, categorization, and impact of publications (i.e., publication patterns) of six scientists active at the cognitive turn, which promoted the information processing perspective on neuronal processes in different communities: Horace Barlow, Theodore Bullock, Ralph Gerard, Donald MacKay, Warren McCulloch, and Werner Reichardt. The large variety of publication patterns revealed indicates the limits of standardized evaluation procedures based on publication activity.

  8. "Neruda, lector de literatura norteamericana"

    OpenAIRE

    López-Martínez, M.I. (Mª Isabel)

    2013-01-01

    Pablo Neruda es un gran lector de obras en diferentes idiomas. Conoce la literatura norteamericana y menciona a estos escritores en bastantes fases de su propia obra. La crítica literaria no ha tratado este asunto en profundidad. Este artículo revisa las menciones de Neruda a narradores como Edgard A. Poe, Norman Mailer, Theodore Dreiser, Thomas Wolfe, Lockridge o Howard Fast. Se analizan las causas que impulsan a Neruda a incluirlos en sus poemas y en sus prosas de reflexión. Sobre tod...

  9. Milline kasutegur on Berliini residentsil? Kes võivad sinna kandideerida? / Taje Tross

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tross, Taje

    2004-01-01

    Kuni 31. IX avatud Academia Grata Berliini residentsist, võimalusest korraldada presentatsioone, näitusi ja performance'eid Open Space'i galeriis Mitte-Kreuzbergis ja Theodor di Ricco SoToDo tegevuskunstiruumis, kus seni on toimunud Peeter Alliku maalinäitus "Privaatdokumentide põletamine", Non Grata "Art of the Invisibles", Mari Sobolevi näitus ja presentatsioon "Ad free Zone", eesti performance'i-näituse "Alle gegen alles" Live Performance Nacht (osalejad loetletud), Silja Saarepuu ja Villu Plingi performance

  10. Farbflecken und Textfetzen. Peter Handkes intermediale Verzauberung einer entzauberten Welt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philippe Roepstorff-Robiano

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper tries to map out the political poetics of Peter Handke’s Die Lehre der Saint-Victoire (1980. Handke’s text is shown to emulate Cézanne’s painting technique of associ­ating coloured patches with the harmonious whole of an image, a procedure that accords with Theodor Adorno’s aesthetics after Auschwitz. The stab this paper takes at fleshing out Handke’s political aesthetics leads to the critical question as to whether this is simply aestheticism revamped.

  11. Farbflecken und Textfetzen. Peter Handkes intermediale Verzauberung einer entzauberten Welt

    OpenAIRE

    Roepstorff-Robiano, Philippe

    2015-01-01

    This paper tries to map out the political poetics of Peter Handke’s Die Lehre der Saint-Victoire (1980). Handke’s text is shown to emulate Cézanne’s painting technique of associ­ating coloured patches with the harmonious whole of an image, a procedure that accords with Theodor Adorno’s aesthetics after Auschwitz. The stab this paper takes at fleshing out Handke’s political aesthetics leads to the critical question as to whether this is simply aestheticism revamped.

  12. De la Teoría crítica a la dialéctica de la Ilustración: La apuesta por un enfoque filosófico en la investigación en Ciencias Sociales

    OpenAIRE

    Ignacio Roberto Rojas-Crotte

    2012-01-01

    Este trabajo presenta antecedentes relacionados con la Teoría crítica de la Escuela de Frankfurt con la intención de posibilitar una toma de postura frente al quehacer más específico de las ciencias sociales; esto es, la investigación de los procesos vinculados con la cultura y la sociedad. Tal postura recoge las aportaciones de Max Horkheimer y Theodor Adorno, considerados aquí como principales autores de toda una generación del Institut for Socialforschung. Se asume la imposibilidad de pres...

  13. Endoscopic and robotic thyroidectomy: past and future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terris, D J

    2009-08-01

    After nearly a century of performing a thyroid-ectomy essentially the way it was described by Theodore Kocher in the nineteenth century, the technique has suddenly and rapidly evolved. It can now be accomplished endoscopically in many patients who therefore benefit from the reduced dissection and smaller incisions associated with the approach. While many of the cosmetic, quality of life, and functional improvements have now been documented, an improved understanding of the procedure and the appropriate indications for its application will continue to develop even as the technique itself evolves, and as new approaches emerge.

  14. Relação professor-aluno: o sarcasmo no sítio de relacionamentos (online) orkut

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveira, Everton Luiz de

    2011-01-01

    O presente trabalho visa levantar algumas reflexões acerca das animosidades e conflitos existentes nas relações entre professores e alunos, desvendando suas influências nos processos educacionais/formativos. Serpenteando através de algumas obras do filósofo frankfurtiano Theodor W. Adorno, do professor Antônio A. S. Zuin, além de outros teóricos, objetivamos entender quais os caminhos que levaram os alunos a assumirem posturas sarcásticas e agressivas frente aos seus professores, delineadas n...

  15. Hipertexto revisited

    OpenAIRE

    Furtado, José Afonso

    2010-01-01

    As tecnologias digitais questionam o modo de pensar o livro tradicional e dão origem a novos espaços de escrita e de leitura e a novos tipos de texto. A teoria do hipertexto tem vindo a conceptualizar essas mudanças. Procuramos demonstrar que esta tem diferentes matrizes, a partir da análise dos trabalhos de Theodor H. Nelson e de Douglas Engelbart, e, a partir deles, da oposição entre associação e conexão, entre hipertexto como ferramenta autoral e literária ou como sistema de recuperação de...

  16. The Judge and the President - How the American Zionist movement began

    OpenAIRE

    Roppestad, Julie Selstø

    2015-01-01

    With the release of Theodor Herzl s The Jewish State in 1896, Zionism became a political movement with a clear goal; a Jewish homeland. The desire first arose in Europe, but soon American Jews followed suit. The American Zionist movement was riddled with internal strife from the get-go, and it took the involvement of the People s Attorney , Louis D. Brandeis, and his friendship with the American President, Woodrow Wilson, to unite the American Zionists, at least for a little while. Preside...

  17. La ricezione del sionismo nella stampa cattolica italiana (1897-1917. Una ricerca in corso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tullia Catalan

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article intends to examine the reception of the first Zionism by the Italian Catholic press close to the Holy See: "Osservatore Romano" and "Civiltà Cattolica". Three years are analysed in this study: 1897, birth of Zionism; 1904 visit of the Zionist leader Theodor Herzl to the Pope in Rome; 1917, Balfour Declaration. Particular attention has been paid to the 1897, crucial moment for the political European Anti-semitism. For this year have been examined also some local intransigent Catholic newspapers. Principal aim of this research is highlighting how the Holy See reacted to the Zionist project of settling a Jewish State in Palestine.

  18. La ricezione del sionismo nella stampa cattolica italiana (1897-1917). Una ricerca in corso / The Reception of Zionism in the Italian Catholic Press (1897-1917): a Research in Progress.

    OpenAIRE

    Catalan, Tullia

    2011-01-01

    This article intends to examine the reception of the first Zionism by the Italian Catholic press close to the Holy See: “Osservatore Romano” and “Civiltà Cattolica”. Three years are analysed in this study: 1897, birth of Zionism; 1904 visit of the Zionist leader Theodor Herzl to the Pope in Rome; 1917, Balfour Declaration. Particular attention has been paid to the 1897, crucial moment for the political European Anti-semitism. For this year have been examined also some local intransigent Catho...

  19. La ricezione del sionismo nella stampa cattolica italiana (1897-1917. Una ricerca in corso / The Reception of Zionism in the Italian Catholic Press (1897-1917: a Research in Progress.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalan, Tullia

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article intends to examine the reception of the first Zionism by the Italian Catholic press close to the Holy See: “Osservatore Romano” and “Civiltà Cattolica”. Three years are analysed in this study: 1897, birth of Zionism; 1904 visit of the Zionist leader Theodor Herzl to the Pope in Rome; 1917, Balfour Declaration. Particular attention has been paid to the 1897, crucial moment for the political European Anti-semitism. For this year have been examined also some local intransigent Catholic newspapers. Principal aim of this research is highlighting how the Holy See reacted to the Zionist project of settling a Jewish State in Palestine.

  20. Reemergence of the Natural History of Otolaryngologic Infections: Lessons Learned from 2 American Presidents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naples, James; Schwartz, Marissa; Eisen, Marc

    2017-09-01

    Presidents George Washington and Theodore Roosevelt suffered complications of epiglottitis and otomastoiditis, respectively. The introduction of antibiotics and vaccinations against Haemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus pneumoniae has significantly reduced the incidence of these otolaryngologic infections, such that the natural history of the disease is rarely encountered. However, antibiotic resistance and pathogenic evolution has raised concern about increased virulence of these common organisms. A retrospective evaluation of the complications suffered by Washington and Roosevelt provides valuable insight to the natural history of common otolaryngologic infections that may reemerge as a result of organism evolution in response to antibiotics and vaccines.

  1. Spains Dramatic Conquest of the Dutch Republic. Rodenburgh as a Literary Mediator of Spanish Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tim Vergeer

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Theodore Rodenburgh was in an exceptional position to become a literary mediator of Spanish poetics. He introduced the comedia nueva in the Dutch Republic at the beginning of the seventeenth century. This article investigates specifically how Rodenburgh dealt with Lope de Vega’s poetics, transforming them to make them fit the Dutch literary tradition. Through translation, adaptation and acculturation, the Iberian comedias became Dutch tragicomedies, plays that would become most popular in the Dutch Republic. Rodenburgh’s endeavours mark the initial phase of the transfer of the comedia nueva to the Dutch Republic.

  2. Resenha

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Figueiredo Brito Júnior

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Autora de As desordens da biblioteca (2015, Muriel Pic (1974 é doutora pela l'École des Hautes Etudes em Sciences Sociales e ensina literatura francesa na universidade de Berna, Suíça. É pesquisadora associada ao FNS (Fonds National Suisse de la Recherche Scientifique. Investiga autores como Walter Benjamin, Theodor Adorno, Pierre Jean Jouve e Georges Bataille entre outros da literatura francesa e alemã do século XX. Além da obra analisada nesta resenha, publicou outros livros e artigos sobre literatura ainda não traduzidos no Brasil.

  3. Morfologia da espermateca e forquilha genital de algumas espécies das subfamílias neotropicais de stratiomyidae (Insecta, diptera)

    OpenAIRE

    Godoi, Fabio Siqueira Pitaluga de

    2006-01-01

    As estruturas da genitália feminina representadas pela espermateca e forquilha genital contêm valiosos caracteres que tornam possível distinguir espécies e em muitos casos ajudar a definir a posição sistemática de certos grupos com grande segurança e maior precisão quando comparadas com os caracteres externos (Theodor, 1976). Nesse contexto foi realizado um estudo morfológico da genitália feminina dos Stratiomyidae visando a possível utilização da espermateca e forquilha genital como fonte de...

  4. Karl pearson the scientific life in a statistical age

    CERN Document Server

    Porter, Theodore M

    2010-01-01

    Karl Pearson, founder of modern statistics, came to this field by way of passionate early studies of philosophy and cultural history as well as ether physics and graphical geometry. His faith in science grew out of a deeply moral quest, reflected also in his socialism and his efforts to find a new basis for relations between men and women. This biography recounts Pearson's extraordinary intellectual adventure and sheds new light on the inner life of science. Theodore Porter's intensely personal portrait of Pearson extends from religious crisis and sexual tensions to metaphysical and even m

  5. European Film Gateway projekt EFG1914 / Ivi Tomingas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tomingas, Ivi

    2015-01-01

    Saja aasta möödumise puhul Esimesest maailmasõjast kutsus Euroopa Komisjon ellu European Film Gateway projekti EFG 1914. Avalikkusele on nüüd kättesaadav 660 tundi digiteeritud filme ja 5500 plakatit, fotot ja dokumenti. Nendega saab tutvuda aadressidel http://project.efg1914.eu ja http://www.europeanfilmgateway.eu/content/efg1914-project. Rahvusarhiivist on portaali lisatud kaks tundi Johannes Pääsukese ülesvõetud etnograafilist materjali, Pathé ringvaade nr. 17 (sõjategevus 1917) ja Theodor Lutsu film "Noored kotkad" (1927) ning Karl Akeli ja Johann Ostrati fotosid

  6. Kolga-Jaani kihelkond ja Vabaduse Risti vennad / Jaak Pihlak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pihlak, Jaak

    2003-01-01

    Viljandimaaga seotud järgmiste Vabadusristi kavaleride elulood: Jakob Aaren, Joosep Aas, Anton Anni, Jakob Ant, Peeter-Viktor Kanasaar, Julius Kasper, Martin-Alexander Kepmann, Georg Kesküla, Peeter Kolts, Joosep Korts, August Kull, Georg Kütt, Georg Liiv, Eduard Meijel, August Moks, Theodor Mölter, Arnold-Rudolf Orik, August Paia, Aleksander Pajur, Oskar Parvet, Tõnis Pedak, August Pent, Heinrich Puidak, Jaan Päsna, Elmar Rei, Ernst Saar, Jüri Saks, August Schönberg, August-Johannes Teose, Hans Timpson, Anton Unt, Julian Vares, Paul Vares

  7. The laser revolution. A brilliant discovery. The multipurpose laser. Towards a bright future

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mueller, Xavier; Bourdet, Julien; Feve, Sylvain; Julien, Lucile; Delaporte, Philippe; Aspect, Alain; Belliard, Laurent; Decremps, Frederic; Espinasse, Loic; Exertier, Pierre; Godin Beekmann, Sophie; Lenne, Pierre-Francois; Salamero, Jean; Amiranoff, Francois; Colombelli, Raffaele; Picque, Nathalie; Couderc, Vincent; Ducloy, Martial; Lozes, Francoise; Mora, Patrick

    2010-01-01

    In May 1960, American physicist Theodore Maiman described the first ruby laser in a scientific journal. Fifty years later, the laser has conquered the planet... and the world is now paying tribute to this champion of modern technology. The laser has undoubtedly become indispensable in everyday life, in the industrial and medical sectors and, last but not least, in the research field. Yet this fabulous success story is still in its infancy, as research laboratories across the world continue to improve laser technology, giving rise to often unexpected applications. Our feature explores an invention that is just as revolutionary today as it was 50 years ago

  8. The laser revolution. Story of a brilliant discovery. Multipurpose lasers. Other promises for tomorrow

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mueller, Xavier; Bourdet, Julien; Feve, Sylvain; Julien, Lucile; Delaporte, Philippe; Aspect, Alain; Belliard, Laurent; Decremps, Frederic; Espinasse, Loic; Exertier, Pierre; Godin Beekmann, Sophie; Lenne, Pierre-Francois; Salamero, Jean; Amiranoff, Francois; Colombelli, Raffaele; Picque, Nathalie; Couderc, Vincent; Ducloy, Martial; Lozes, Francoise; Mora, Patrick

    2010-01-01

    In May 1960, American physicist Theodore Maiman described the first ruby laser in a scientific journal. Fifty years later, the laser has conquered the planet... and the world is now paying tribute to this champion of modern technology. The laser has undoubtedly become indispensable in everyday life, in the industrial and medical sectors and, last but not least, in the research field. Yet this fabulous success story is still in its infancy, as research laboratories across the world continue to improve laser technology, giving rise to often unexpected applications. Our feature explores an invention that is just as revolutionary today as it was 50 years ago

  9. Présentation

    OpenAIRE

    Stéphane Haber; Emmanuel Renault; Alexandre Dupeyrix

    2010-01-01

    Les articles réunis dans ce dossier de la revue Astérion portent sur la première génération de la Théorie critique (dont Max Horkheimer, Walter Benjamin, Theodor W. Adorno, Herbert Marcuse et Erich Fromm constituent sans doute les figures principales). Ils se concentrent plus précisément sur les contributions philosophiques qui marquèrent la période ouverte par l’accession de Horkheimer à la direction de l’Institut de recherches sociales (1931) et close par la publication en 1944 de Dialektik...

  10. Présentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stéphane Haber

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Les articles réunis dans ce dossier de la revue Astérion portent sur la première génération de la Théorie critique (dont Max Horkheimer, Walter Benjamin, Theodor W. Adorno, Herbert Marcuse et Erich Fromm constituent sans doute les figures principales. Ils se concentrent plus précisément sur les contributions philosophiques qui marquèrent la période ouverte par l’accession de Horkheimer à la direction de l’Institut de recherches sociales (1931 et close par la publication en 1944 de Dialektik...

  11. Repair and Rehabilitation of Dams: Case Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-09-01

    circuit video equipment was used to ensure the holes were drilled over the construction joints. A temporary joint sealant approved for potable use was...m- (20-ft-) long barrelled rods were used. The holes were then cleaned with potable water. Each hole was over-drilled by 0.9 m (3 ft) to allow for...reusable," Trends. Eau Claire, WI. Balogh, A. (1996). "Project profile: concrete changes the face of Theodore Roosevelt Dam," Concrete Construction 41(6

  12. Social Media and the Dialectic of Enlightenment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juel, Henrik

    2012-01-01

    My reflections in this paper concern revitalizing the critical potential of certain core concepts of Max Horkheimer and Theodor W. Adorno's Dialectic of Enlightenment (first published 1944) and bringing it to bear on the digital era in general and in particular on the phenomenon of modern social...... of the seemingly self-evident notion of pure reason, science and technology. What Horkheimer and Adorno are trying to capture and reflect is the very process of rationality backlashing into irrationality. We seem to have reached the era of mathematics and exact calculation, but this leaves us with no sense...

  13. Atomic Pioneers Book 2 From the Mid-19th to the Early 20th Century

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hiebert, Ray [University of Maryland; Hiebert, Roselyn

    1971-01-01

    This book gives a brief account of the lives and work of 26 men and women who contributed to the great surge of knowledge vital to atomic science from the 1800s to the mid-1900s. The 26 are: William Prout, Michael Faraday, Eilhardt Mitscherlich, Joseph Henry, Thomas Graham, Stanislao Cannizzaro, James Clerk Maxwell, Dmitri I. Mendeleev, Joseph Norman Lockyer, John William Strutt, Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen, Antione Henri Becquerel, Hendrik A. Lorentz, J.J. Thomson, Max Planck, Svante A. Arrhenius, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie, Pieter Zeeman, Theodore W. Richards, C.T.R. Wilson, Ernest Rutherford, Francis W. Aston, Frederick Soddy, Lise Meitner, and Otto Hahn.

  14. [Billroth and Brahms: personal encounter of medicine and music].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadaschik, B A; Hadaschik, E N; Hohenfellner, M

    2012-02-01

    Theodor Billroth and Johannes Brahms shared a decades long personal friendship. The music-loving Billroth influenced the work of the famous composer and in turn Brahms also left traces within Billroth's lifetime achievements. To shed light on the close relationship of medicine and music, this manuscript describes both Billroth's life and surgical career as they were influenced and stimulated by his close friendship to Brahms.Theodor Billroth and Johannes Brahms first met in 1865 in Zurich, Switzerland. After Billroth accepted the chair of surgery at the University of Vienna in 1867, Brahms moved to Vienna in 1869. During the following years, Billroth analyzed most of Brahms' compositions prior to publication. Similar to his effective way of teaching medical students and assistants, Billroth stimulated Brahms to publish many of his later compositions. Brahms on the other hand supported Billroth in writing his essay"Who is musical?". Furthermore, music helped Billroth to cope with the demanding working life of a surgeon.Music and surgery share both structural and emotional analogies. While both professions require meticulous techniques, personal interaction is a prerequisite for success. "Science and art scoop from the same well."

  15. Releyendo Frankfurt: la Experiencia Estética en Adorno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stra, Sebastián Matías

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available [es]Intentaremos en este trabajo explorar la noción de Experiencia Estética en la obra de Theodor Adorno, entendiéndola como una compleja mediación conceptual que nos puede permitir dar cuenta de las oscuras configuraciones de la relación entre arte, cultura y conocimiento en la producción del pensador de Frankfurt. En este marco, cruzaremos las reflexiones estéticas adornianas con lecturas más cercanas a nuestro campo disciplinar, como la noción de Industria Cultural y la interpretación del mito y su derivación en la conformación de la racionalidad moderna. [en] In this work, we will try to explore the notion of Aesthetic Experience in Theodor Adorno`s work, understanding it as a complex conceptual mediation that can allow us getting in the dark settings of the relationship between art, culture and knowledge in the production of Frankfurt`s thinker. Like this, we are going to cross adornians aesthetic reflections with readings that are going to be closer to our disciplinary field, as the notion of cultural industry and the interpretation of myth and its derivation in the configuration of modern rationality.

  16. Arcimboldo, la historia natural en 2666

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl Rodríguez Freire

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available El ensayo pretende dar cuenta de la forma en que a lo largo de su obra Roberto Bolaño ha considerado la pintura del artista italiano Giuseppe Arcimboldo. Para ello se discute en primer lugar la lectura propuesta por Sergio Marras, y luego de argumentar su desacierto, se propone leer la textualización de Las estaciones y Los elementos a partir de la idea de historia natural, propuesta por Theodor Adorno y W. G. Sebald. Ello implicaría que la inclusión de tales pinturas de Arcimboldo se deben al intento por dar cuenta de un mundo en descomposición. Palabras clave: Bolaño, Arcimboldo, historia natural, descomposición.   This essay shows the way in which Roberto Bolaño consideres in his novels the painting of the Italian artist Giuseppe Arcimboldo. First, it discusses the reading proposed by Sergio Marras for arguing his blunder, and after it suggests to read the textualización of The stations and The elements based on the idea of natural history, proposed by Theodor Adorno and W.G. Sebald. It would imply that the incorporation of such Arcimboldo’s paintings attempt to reveal the world in decomposition. Keywords: Bolaño, Arcimboldo, natural history, rotting.

  17. Review Essay : Virtually Alive or Questionably Dead? The Ambivalence of Modern Korean Identity in Literature and Cinema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim, Kyu Hyun

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Theodore Hughes, Literature and Film in Cold War South Korea: Freedom's Frontier. New York: Columbia University Press, 2012. 304 pp. $55 (cloth.Kyung Hyun Kim, Virtual Hallyu: Korean Cinema of the Global Era. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2011, pp. 208. $90 (cloth, $25 (paper.The studies by Kyung Hyun Kim and Theodore Hughes discussed in this essay are rich with information and insights but are also challenging, almost subversive, to some prevalent views on Korean cinema and literature. While Kim looks into contemporary, post-1990s Korean films operating in the global market as an important (but perhaps since 2000 not the most influential wing of the hallyu (“Korean Wave” trend, Hughes deals primarily with early postwar literature and visual arts (including cinema from 1945 to roughly the early 1970s. Both authors are concerned with the history and contemporaneity of Korean identity and with the manners in which this localized identity is constituted, specifically in relation to colonial modernity, global late capitalism, and ethnocentric nationalism. They also address the problematic status of cinema in the context of Korean culture and history, sometimes developing arguments in unexpected directions.

  18. New Sphragistic Finds from the Environs of Byzantine Cherson (to the iIssue of the Correspondence Addressees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolay A. Alekseenko

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Increased interest to the sigillographic artifacts found over the large areas adjacent to the chief administrative and economic centers of medieval Crimea currently allows to expand greatly the geographical map of the molybdoboulloi finds in this region. The topography of the finds in the areas surrounding Cherson had recently expanded significantly as well. Seals originating apparently from the settlements adjacent immediately to the ancient city, as well as from the places very remote from it became known. New finds of Byzantine seals (for instance, the seals of kommerkiarios Theodore, the end of the 6th century, of patrikios and genikos logothetes Petronas, the first half of the 9th century, of anthypatos, patrikios, imperial protospatharios and genikos logothetes Elissios, the second half of the 10th century, of (protospatharios and strategos of Cefalonia, of imperial protospatharios ™pr toà Crusotriklßnou and strategos of Cherson Theodore, the 10th – 11th centuries, as well as of protospatharios and strategos Joseph, with a sufficiently accurate localization of their origin provide new information about this sigillographic artifacts themselves, as well as clarify the geography of the Byzantine presence in the southwestern Taurica, particularly showing places yet poorly highlighted by other types of sources.

  19. Air and the origin of the experimental plant physiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pennazio, Sergio

    2005-01-01

    It is well known that oxygen and carbon dioxide are two chemicals which enter the plant metabolism as nutrients. The bases of this nowadays obvious statement were placed in the 18th century by means of the works of ingenious naturalists such as Robert Boyle, Stephen Hales, Joseph Priestley, Jam Ingenhousz, Lazzaro Spallanzani and Theodore De Saussure. Till the end of the 17th century, the atmospheric air was considered as an ineffable spirit, the function of which was of physical nature. Boyle was the first naturalist to admit the possibility that respiration were an exchange of vapours occurring in the blood. Stephen Hales realised that air could be fixed by plants under the influence of solar light. Priestley showed that plants could regenerate the bad air making it breathable. Ingenhousz demonstrated that the green parts of plants performed the complete purification of air only under the influence of the light. Spallanzani discovered that plants respire and guessed that the good air (oxygen) originated from the fixed air (carbon dioxide). Finally, Theodore De Saussure showed that plants were able to adsorb carbon dioxide and to release oxygen in a proportional air. All these discoveries benefited of the results coming from investigations of scholars of the so-called "pneumatic chemistry" (Boyle himself, George Ernst Stahl, Joseph Black, Priestley himself, and many more others. But among all the eminent scientists above mentioned stands out the genius of Antoine Laurent Lavoisier, who revolutionised the chemistry of the 18th century ferrying it towards the modern chemistry.

  20. Adorno e a educação musical pelo rádio Adorno and the musical education through radio broadcasts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iray Carone

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é uma exposição do estudo analítico de um programa semanal da National Broadcasting Company (NBC, The Music Appreciation Hour, destinado a crianças e jovens escolares, realizado por Theodor W. Adorno durante sua participação no Princeton Radio Research Project (1938-1941. Tem duas partes: na primeira, Adorno analisou a pedagogia musical do programa; na segunda, apontou para as implicações culturais desse programa, que, embora não comercial e sustentado pela própria nbc, tinha todas as marcas da indústria do entretenimento comercial.This paper is an exposition of the analytical study of The Music Appreciation Hour, a weekly classical music program of the National Broadcasting Company directed to children and young students, that Theodor W. Adorno carried out during his participation in the Princeton Radio Research Project (1938-1941. This study comprises two parts: in the first one, Adorno analyzed the musical pedagogy of the program, while in the second one, he pointed out the cultural implications of the program that, despite its non commercial character and nbc support, carried all the marks of the entertainment industry.

  1. Stars come down to Earth As estrelas descem à Terra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Marcelo Brandão Carneiro

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Stars come down to Earth — A little known essay by Theodor W. Adorno, Stars Come Down to Earth is a study about horoscopes and superstition, written in the form of an analysis for the astrology column of the Los Angeles Times in the early 1950s. The German philosopher points out that the texts offered to the reader are an amalgam of the rational and the irrational, revealing the frankly ideological meanderings of their object. Obra não muito conhecida de Theodor W. Adorno, As estrelas descem à Terra é um estudo sobre horóscopo e superstição, originalmente dirigido à coluna de astrologia do Los Angeles Times do início dos anos 1950. O filósofo alemão, pontuando os textos oferecidos aos leitores como um mistura entre o racional e o irracional, revela os meandros do caráter francamente ideológico de seu objeto.

  2. Psicopatologia, exotismo e diversidade: ensaio de antropologia da psicopatologia Psychopathology, exoticism and diversity: some remarks on the anthropology of psychopathology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriano Holanda

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available O texto se propõe a uma reflexão em torno de uma perspectiva antropológica da questão da psicopatologia. Partindo da análise antropológica de Tzvetan Todorov, perpassa o ensaio histórico de Theodore Zeldin, alcançando a crítica de Thomas Szasz e a abordagem histórico-antropológica de Michel Foucault, na tentativa de clarear a compreensão do fenômeno psicopatológico. Nesta perspectiva crítico-histórica, a psicopatologia é vista como um fenômeno contextualizado, inserido na construção das mentalidades específicas da cultura ocidental.The purpose of this paper is to reflect upon an anthropological approach of psychopathology. It intends to throw some light upon the phenomenon of the "psychopathologic". It begins with some remarks on the anthropological concept of Tzevan Todorov. It also analyses Theodore Zeldin’s historical essay, Thomas Szasz’s critical reflections and Michel Foucault’s historic-anthropological approach. In this historical perspective, "Psychopathology" is conceived as a rather contextualized phenomenon, part of the specific mentalities constructed by the Western culture.

  3. “Ser devorado no duele”. Th. W. Adorno y la experiencia americana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maiso, Jordi

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The present text aims to fathom Theodor W. Adorno’s american experience as a deciding learning process in the development of his Critical Theory. As a consequence of his New York exile years and his participance on the Princeton Radio Research Project, Adorno not only gets in touch with the proceeding of the culture industry and sets down a resolute theoretical approach to radio music, but also realizes a shift has taken place on the social function of theory which enables him a poignant self-reflection on the situation of the emigrated intellectual.El presente texto pretende desentrañar la experiencia americana de Theodor W. Adorno como un proceso de aprendizaje decisivo en la formulación de su Teoría Crítica. A partir de su exilio en Nueva York y de su participación en el Princeton Radio Research Project, Adorno no sólo adquiere un conocimiento directo del funcionamiento de la industria de la cultura y formula una decisiva aproximación teórica a la música radiofónica, sino que también toma conciencia de un cambio en la función social de la teoría que le permite llevar a cabo una aguda autorreflexión sobre la situación del intelectual emigrado.

  4. Οι μεταβολές στην πολιτική του Ζήνωνος μετά την πτώση του δυτικού ρωμαϊκού κράτους και οι Οστρογότθοι ηγεμόνες (476-481

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Άννα Β. ΚΑΡΑΜΑΛΟΥΔΗ

    1985-09-01

    Full Text Available    Anne B. CaramaloudiLes revirements de la politique de Zénon après la chute de l'empire d'Occident et les souverains Ostrogoths (476-481 La période des cinq ans qui suivirent la chute de l'empire romain d'Occident (476-481 est marquée par une confrontation violente de deux idéologies opposées dans l'empire d'Orient: l'antibarbarisme et le probarbarisme, et cette confrontation prend des tournures dramatiques. L'étude aspire à placer dans leur contexte réel les revirements successifs dans les deux camps adverses. La méthode employée est l'interprétation des quelques événements capitaux de ces cinq ans et leur confrontation avec l'attitude adoptée par les deux souverains Ostrogoths, Theodoric Strabon et Theodoric l'Amale, à de diverses circonstances.

  5. A brief report on the relationship between self-control, video game addiction and academic achievement in normal and ADHD students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haghbin, Maryam; Shaterian, Fatemeh; Hosseinzadeh, Davood; Griffiths, Mark D

    2013-12-01

    Over the last two decades, research into video game addiction has grown increasingly. The present research aimed to examine the relationship between video game addiction, self-control, and academic achievement of normal and ADHD high school students. Based on previous research it was hypothesized that (i) there would be a relationship between video game addiction, self-control and academic achievement (ii) video game addiction, self-control and academic achievement would differ between male and female students, and (iii) the relationship between video game addiction, self-control and academic achievement would differ between normal students and ADHD students. The research population comprised first grade high school students of Khomeini-Shahr (a city in the central part of Iran). From this population, a sample group of 339 students participated in the study. The survey included the Game Addiction Scale (Lemmens, Valkenburg & Peter, 2009), the Self-Control Scale (Tangney, Baumeister & Boone, 2004) and the ADHD Diagnostic checklist (Kessler et al., 2007). In addition to questions relating to basic demographic information, students' Grade Point Average (GPA) for two terms was used for measuring their academic achievement. These hypotheses were examined using a regression analysis. Among Iranian students, the relationship between video game addiction, self-control, and academic achievement differed between male and female students. However, the relationship between video game addiction, self-control, academic achievement, and type of student was not statistically significant. Although the results cannot demonstrate a causal relationship between video game use, video game addiction, and academic achievement, they suggest that high involvement in playing video games leaves less time for engaging in academic work.

  6. Impairment of Self-control and its manifestations in Continuous Word Association Test

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Marhevská

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of work is to find out how self–control influences word associations. The research presented herein provides new insight into manifestations of self–control. Experimental study is based on the Strength model (Baumeister, Bratslavsky, Muraven, & Tice, 1998, which assumes that self–control relies on limited resources of ego which become depleted with increased exercising of self–control (Ego depletion. The aim of this experiment was to verify in an empirical manner that the impairment of self–control can be manifested in word association tests. Continuous word association test (Kondáš, 1979 was used in this experiment. Distinct indicators of continuous word associations were divided into the following 4 categories; verbal dynamics, abnormalities in association, errors in the reproduction of association reactions and the overall number of mistakes. Parallel task and “e letter” crossing out exercises were used in order to impair ego resource.One–Way ANOVA was used in the analysis. The results of the study indicate that impaired self–control, induced by the “e letter” crossing out task, increased verbal dynamics. According to the obtained results, Continuous word association test provoke automatic processes. Further important indicators of impaired self–control were increased perseverations of potentially conflicting word ′control′, erroneous reproductions of potentially conflicting word ′explosions′ and the overall indicator of mistakes in conflict word‚ explosions and control‘. The experiment results show an increase in the number of mistakes of word association production when self–control is impaired.

  7. Incrimination of Phlebotomus kandelakii and Phlebotomus balcanicus as vectors of Leishmania infantum in Tbilisi, Georgia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekaterina Giorgobiani

    Full Text Available A survey of potential vector sand flies was conducted in the neighboring suburban communities of Vake and Mtatsminda districts in an active focus of visceral Leishmaniasis (VL in Tbilisi, Georgia. Using light and sticky-paper traps, 1,266 male and 1,179 female sand flies were collected during 2006-2008. Five Phlebotomus species of three subgenera were collected: Phlebotomus balcanicus Theodor and Phlebotomus halepensis Theodor of the subgenus Adlerius; Phlebotomus kandelakii Shchurenkova and Phlebotomus wenyoni Adler and Theodor of the subgenus Larroussius; Phlebotomus sergenti Perfil'ev of the subgenus Paraphlebotomus. Phlebotomus sergenti (35.1% predominated in Vake, followed by P. kandelakii (33.5%, P. balcanicus (18.9%, P. halepensis (12.2%, and P. wenyoni (0.3%. In Mtatsminda, P. kandelakii (76.8% comprised over three fourths of collected sand flies, followed by P. sergenti (12.6%, P. balcanicus (5.8%, P. halepensis (3.7%, and P. wenyoni (1.1%. The sand fly season in Georgia is exceptionally short beginning in early June, peaking in July and August, then declining to zero in early September. Of 659 female sand flies examined for Leishmania, 12 (1.8% specimens without traces of blood were infected including 10 of 535 P. kandelakii (1.9% and two of 40 P. balcanicus (5.0%. Six isolates were successfully cultured and characterized as Leishmania by PCR. Three isolates from P. kandelakii (2 and P. balcanicus (1 were further identified as L. infantum using sequence alignment of the 70 kDa heat-shock protein gene. Importantly, the sand fly isolates showed a high percent identity (99.8%-99.9% to human and dog isolates from the same focus, incriminating the two sand fly species as vectors. Blood meal analysis showed that P. kandelakii preferentially feeds on dogs (76% but also feeds on humans. The abundance, infection rate and feeding behavior of P. kandelakii and the infection rate in P. balcanicus establish these species as vectors in the Tbilisi

  8. Incrimination of Phlebotomus kandelakii and Phlebotomus balcanicus as vectors of Leishmania infantum in Tbilisi, Georgia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giorgobiani, Ekaterina; Lawyer, Phillip G; Babuadze, Giorgi; Dolidze, Nato; Jochim, Ryan C; Tskhvaradze, Lamzira; Kikaleishvili, Konstantin; Kamhawi, Shaden

    2012-01-01

    A survey of potential vector sand flies was conducted in the neighboring suburban communities of Vake and Mtatsminda districts in an active focus of visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) in Tbilisi, Georgia. Using light and sticky-paper traps, 1,266 male and 1,179 female sand flies were collected during 2006-2008. Five Phlebotomus species of three subgenera were collected: Phlebotomus balcanicus Theodor and Phlebotomus halepensis Theodor of the subgenus Adlerius; Phlebotomus kandelakii Shchurenkova and Phlebotomus wenyoni Adler and Theodor of the subgenus Larroussius; Phlebotomus sergenti Perfil'ev of the subgenus Paraphlebotomus. Phlebotomus sergenti (35.1%) predominated in Vake, followed by P. kandelakii (33.5%), P. balcanicus (18.9%), P. halepensis (12.2%), and P. wenyoni (0.3%). In Mtatsminda, P. kandelakii (76.8%) comprised over three fourths of collected sand flies, followed by P. sergenti (12.6%), P. balcanicus (5.8%), P. halepensis (3.7%), and P. wenyoni (1.1%). The sand fly season in Georgia is exceptionally short beginning in early June, peaking in July and August, then declining to zero in early September. Of 659 female sand flies examined for Leishmania, 12 (1.8%) specimens without traces of blood were infected including 10 of 535 P. kandelakii (1.9%) and two of 40 P. balcanicus (5.0%). Six isolates were successfully cultured and characterized as Leishmania by PCR. Three isolates from P. kandelakii (2) and P. balcanicus (1) were further identified as L. infantum using sequence alignment of the 70 kDa heat-shock protein gene. Importantly, the sand fly isolates showed a high percent identity (99.8%-99.9%) to human and dog isolates from the same focus, incriminating the two sand fly species as vectors. Blood meal analysis showed that P. kandelakii preferentially feeds on dogs (76%) but also feeds on humans. The abundance, infection rate and feeding behavior of P. kandelakii and the infection rate in P. balcanicus establish these species as vectors in the Tbilisi VL

  9. The evolution of lasers in urology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarrabi, Amir; Gross, Andreas J

    2011-04-01

    The world's first laser was developed by Theodore Maiman in 1960. Over the course of the past five decades, this technology has evolved into a highly specialized entity, also finding a niche market in the field of urology. Lasers obtained from various lasing mediums producing amplified light of different wavelengths have been tested for urological applications. Today, these lasers are most commonly used in the surgical management of benign prostatic hyperplasia and as intracorporeal lithotripters. Other uses include ablation of various urologic tumors and incising strictures of the upper- and lower urinary tract. A continuous process of evolution of this technology is taking place, resulting in surgical lasers becoming ever safer, more effective, and more affordable.

  10. Exploration des fonds : La famille Soler de Pablo Picasso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Defeyt

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Histoire matérielle de l’oeuvreEn juin 1939, se tint entre les murs de la galerie Theodore Fischer, à Lucerne, la très controversée vente aux enchères de peintures et sculptures de maîtres modernes provenant des musées allemands : formule pudique qui désignait en réalité une vente destinée à débarrasser les musées allemands d’un art considéré comme dégénéré, autrement dit, non conforme à l’idéologie du Troisième Reich. Parmi les cent vingt-cinq œuvres mises en vente se trouvait le portrait de...

  11. The listener of the chthonic god sand the barroom player: Adorno’s experience of Schubert

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    Jeremić-Molnar Dragana

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article the author is reconstructing the complex picture of Franz Schubert created by Theodor Adorno in his numerous references to the Viennese composer, but mostly in his 1928 article “Schubert”. In the late 1920s Adorno experienced Schubert as the tragic composer whose music dwells in the realm of chthonic gods, but nevertheless reveals the joy of “traveling folk, jugglers and tricksters”. It remained, however, unclear how this joy could survive in the hellish landscapes of Schubert’s chthonic music. Later, Adorno recognized Schubert, due to his “habitus”, as the barroom player as well, never mentioning “traveling folk, jugglers and tricksters” any more. This two images of Schubert - Schubert as the Listener of the Chthonic Gods and Schubert as the Barroom Player - proved to be an interesting pair, worth of further theoretical elaboration, which Adorno unfortunately never bothered to undertake.

  12. [Modern Egypt and the history of microbiology. The campaign of Bonaparte].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chastel, Claude

    2006-01-01

    The history of microbiology and parasitology in Egypt started with Bonaparte's campaign and the contemporary clinical reports from the physicians of the "Armee d'Orient" (1798-1903). Later, basic discoveries in parasitology and bacteriology have been the facts of German scientists such as Theodor Bilharz, Robert Koch and Arthur Looss. At the beginning of the First World War German physicians were evicted from Cairo and British parasitologists took over as Robert Leiper succeeded in clarifying the life cycle of schistosomiasis. Virology studies on poliomyelitis in Egypt started in 1942-1943 but British virologists were quickly supplanted by the Americans as the U.S. NAMRU-3 laboratory opened in Cairo in the 50s. Many basic contributions to the epidemiology of the viral diseases in the Nile valley have been established during the past forty years, concerning enteroviruses, mosquito and tick-borne arboviruses as well as hepatitis C virus.

  13. The Beer/Bethe/Uexküll paper (1899) and misinterpretations surrounding 'vitalistic behaviorism'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mildenberger, Florian

    2006-01-01

    In the history of behaviorism the paper of the three physiologists Theodor Beer, Albrecht Bethe and Jakob von Uexküll from 1899 plays an important role. Many researchers were influenced by this paper and identified it as fundamental for objective psychological research. But during the period of its adoption (1900-1925) psychologists did not notice that Beer, Bethe and Uexküll had distanced themselves from their own paper, because it had been ignored in physiological and biological discussions. Moreover, one of the three (Beer) had to resign from the scientific community because of private scandal and another one (Uexküll) changed all of his views and left the base of objective science for subjective vitalism. However, this did not change his adoption of behaviorism.

  14. The film adaptation of an american tragedy and Othello in match point

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Bianconcini Anjos

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2017v70n1p161 The aim of the present article is to recover the history of the cinematic adaptations of the novel An American Tragedy (1925, by Theodore Dreiser, reinstating the discussions of the drowning scene. Sergei Eisenstein’s writings on the possibilities of the use of the interior monologue in films and Bertolt Brecht’s remarks on the role of the soundtrack in Dreiser’s novel adaptation offer an important entry into the analysis of the film Match Point (2005, by Woody Allen. In Match Point, the use of the soundtrack, in particular the collage with the opera Othello (1887, by Giuseppe Verdi, instigates the spectator to reflect on the narrative possibilities of film adaptation.

  15. The Laser: fifty years already; Le Laser: deja cinquante ans

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pocholle, J.P. [Thales Research and Technology, 91 - Palaiseau (France)

    2010-09-15

    The fiftieth anniversary celebration has this characteristic which it makes it possible to carry a retrospective glance on the evolution of a subject. From this point of view, the LASER, as a scientific concept or a technological tool, does not escape the rule. This article recalls the historical contributions leading to the first demonstration of the laser effect by Theodore Maiman in 1960, starting from a theoretical concept established by Albert Einstein in 1917. This demonstration naturally opened a strong activity in the laboratories. It resulted in the creation of instruments which took part in the enrichment of knowledge in the fields of physics, chemistry and the biomedical one. In our daily life, the communications, the information storage, the imagery, lighting and the industrial tools profited from the properties of the coherent or quasi-coherent emission of the light. Each one of these applications to follow-up its own evolutions which we will also try to describe in this article. (author)

  16. [1400 hours of analysis with Freud: Viktor von Dirsztay. A biographical sketch].

    Science.gov (United States)

    May, Ulrike

    2010-01-01

    On the basis of mostly unpublished sources, the author reconstructs the life of the Hungarian writer Viktor von Dirsztay (1884?-1935) who was personally acquainted with many expressionist artists and writers, e. g. with Karl Kraus, Oskar Kokoschka, Herwarth Walden, Walter Hasenclever, Hermann Broch and Arthur Schnitzler. This association puts Freud into closer proximity with the cultural avantgarde of his times than previously realized. Between 1910 and 1920 Dirsztay underwent several phases of analysis with Freud; then he was treated by Theodor Reik. The overall length of his analysis with Freud is almost unparalleled. The article discusses whether and in which way Dirsztay's writings might have been influenced by his analyses and how Freud and Reik might have drawn upon their experiences with this patient. It is argued that likely references can be discovered in both authors' theories of masochism. There is an intriguing late remark of Dirsztay's that he was "ruined by analysis".

  17. A review of Heinrich Obersteiner's 1888 textbook on the central nervous system by the neurologist Sigmund Freud.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatzigiannakoglou, Paul D; Triarhou, Lazaros C

    2011-06-01

    In 1888, the Austrian neuroanatomist Heinrich Obersteiner, founder of Vienna's Neurological Institute, published his "Introduction to the Study of the Structure of the Central Nervous Organs in Health and Disease", a fundamental textbook in which he summarised the state-of-the-art knowledge available then on the normal and pathological anatomy of the human nervous system, incorporating many of his original research findings. The book became "the Bible for generations of budding neurologists" worldwide and was crucial for the eventual development of neurology as an independent medical discipline. In his early career as a neuroanatomist, Sigmund Freud wrote a review of Obersteiner's book for the Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift. That review was not included in the "Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works". The present article provides an English translation of Freud's review and further discusses its historical context, especially regarding the influence of Theodor Meynert on his two illustrious students, Freud and Obersteiner.

  18. Psychopathology, exoticism and diversity: some remarks on the anthropology of psychopathology

    OpenAIRE

    Holanda, Adriano

    2001-01-01

    O texto se propõe a uma reflexão em torno de uma perspectiva antropológica da questão da psicopatologia. Partindo da análise antropológica de Tzvetan Todorov, perpassa o ensaio histórico de Theodore Zeldin, alcançando a crítica de Thomas Szasz e a abordagem histórico-antropológica de Michel Foucault, na tentativa de clarear a compreensão do fenômeno psicopatológico. Nesta perspectiva crítico-histórica, a psicopatologia é vista como um fenômeno contextualizado, inserido na construção das menta...

  19. Adolf Hitler's medical care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, D

    2005-02-01

    For the last nine years of his life Adolf Hitler, a lifelong hypochondriac had as his physician Dr Theodor Morell. Hitler's mood swings, Parkinson's disease, gastro-intestinal symptoms, skin problems and steady decline until his suicide in 1945 are documented by reliable observers and historians, and in Morell's diaries. The bizarre and unorthodox medications given to Hitler, often for undisclosed reasons, include topical cocaine, injected amphetamines, glucose, testosterone, estradiol, and corticosteroids. In addition, he was given a preparation made from a gun cleaner, a compound of strychnine and atropine, an extract of seminal vesicles, and numerous vitamins and 'tonics'. It seems possible that some of Hitler's behaviour, illnesses and suffering can be attributed to his medical care. Whether he blindly accepted such unorthodox medications or demanded them is unclear.

  20. Les États-Unis, la propagande et la guerre : de Cuba (1898 à l’Irak (2003 The United States and War Propaganda: from the Spanish-American War in Cuba (1898 to the Invasion of Iraq (2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fredj Maatoug

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available In 1897 Theodore Roosevelt wrote to a friend “I should welcome almost any war, for I think this country needs one”. He was thinking in his deep consciousness that “the Empire” needed war. In 1898 “the splendid little war” against Spain in Cuba was the answer to this expectation. Many decades later, following the dislocation of the USSR and the end of the Cold War, the USA emerged as the only superpower. It was in this context that the September 11 attacks took place. In 2003, Washington declared war on Iraq despite the international opposition. The USA waged a tremendous PR campaign to convince public opinion of the potential threat of Iraqi weapons of mass destruction and of the involvement of the Saddam Hussein regime in the attacks against the World Trade Center. None of these reasons proved to be true, but the war showed the strength of different political and industrial lobbies.

  1. Jung, Winnicott and the divided psyche.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saban, Mark

    2016-06-01

    In his review of Memories Dreams Reflections, Winnicott diagnosed Jung as suffering from a psychic split, and characterized the content and the structure of analytical psychology as primarily moulded and conditioned by Jung's own defensive quest for a 'self that he could call his own'. This pathologizing analysis continues to be endorsed by contemporary Jungian writers. In this paper I attempt to show that Winnicott's critique is fundamentally misguided because it derives from a psychoanalytic model of the psyche, a model that regards all dissociation as necessarily pathological. I argue that Jung's understanding of the psyche differs radically from this model, and further, that it conforms by and large to the kind of dissociative model that we find in the writings of Frederic Myers, William James and Theodor Flournoy. I conclude that a fruitful relationship between psychoanalysis and analytical psychology must depend upon an awareness of these important differences between the two psychic models. © 2016, The Society of Analytical Psychology.

  2. Report: L’inconscio, il tempo, il suono. Su psicoanalisi e musica

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    Michele Gardini

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The system of classical psychoanalysis, as built by Freud, grants almost no space to the phenomenon of sound and music. Indeed, many aspects of music, though not all, appear incompatible with his conception of the unconscious. Only slowly and painfully, through the reflection and the analytical and aesthetic categories worked out by figures such as Melanie Klein, Donald Winnicott, Daniel Stern, Didier Anzieu and Michel Imberty, music has finally found its rightful place in the vast map of psychoanalytic science. Many metapsychological categories first elaborated by Freud appear now, retrospectively, as limited on the one hand to the iconic and linguistic dimension, on the other to specifically pathological situations and finally, from the musical point of view, to the "new music", testimony of the world in “era of the technique” and subject of the masterly analysis by Theodor Adorno.

  3. Prototype of Superconducting Quadrupole for ISR Low-Beta Insertion

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN PhotoLab

    1977-01-01

    In colliders, smaller beam cross-section means higher luminosity. Beam-size being proportional to the square-root of the "beta function" value, a small beta means small beam size, hence high luminosity. The first p-p collision in the ISR occurred in January 1971 and in 1973 a study was launched on low-beta insertions, which focus beams to even smaller sizes at the beam crossing points. In 1976 the first prototype of a superconducting quadrupole was tested. Here we see Theodor Tortschanoff with a prototype of 1.25 m magnetic length. Manufacture of 8 quadrupoles (4 of L=1.15 m, 4 of L=0.65 m) began at Alsthom in 1978. They were installed at point 8 of the ISR, enhancing luminosity there until final low-beta operation in December 1983. For details see "Yellow Report" CERN 76-16.

  4. Critique and cure: a dream of uniting psychoanalysis and philosophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webster, Jamieson

    2013-06-01

    Critical theory, whose aim was to historicize philosophy through integrating it with the social sciences, turned to psychoanalysis to find its way through an accounting of philosophy after the Second World War. Over 50 years after this initial project, the rift between philosophy and psychoanalysis has never been greater. If Jacques Lacan could be considered one of the few psychoanalysts to maintain and foster links to philosophical thought in the latter half of the 20th century, his work has sadly remained marginal in the clinical field throughout America and Europe. Both critical theory and Lacan remain skeptical of the direction taken by psychoanalysis after Freud. Reflecting on the history of these two disciplines, as well as through an examination of Theodor Adorno's posthumously published dream journal, critique and cure emerge as two dialectically intertwined themes that gain momentum in the dream of the unification of the philosophical and psychoanalytic projects.

  5. The Portrayal of Indonesian Image in 2007 Kompas Selected Short Stories: Social Problems, Criticisms and Hopes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akun Akun

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Article aimed at exploring social problems reflected in 15 selected short stories printed in Kompas during 2007 both explicitly and implicitly. Specifically, this research is focused on the mapping of dominant social problems raised by the short stories, the social criticisms strongly voiced by the authors and the hopes of a better situation implicitly reflected in these interesting short stories. This study applies the Defamiliarization Effect promoted by Bertolt Brecht and Negative Dialectics or Negative Knowledge by Theodor Adorno, specifically in analyzing the literary works as a criticism tool. The result of the research shows that phenomena of social problems current lately in Indonesian context like identity, poverty, corruption, religious tensions, moral degradation, politics dirtiness, minority group problems, social security, natural disasters and the like are clearly seen and teased in these writings.

  6. Annihilation cross section of Kaluza Klien dark matter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharma, Rakesh, E-mail: rakesh-sharma-ujn@yahoo.co.in [Northern India Textile Research Association Technical Campus Ghaziabad U.P. 201002 (India); Upadhyaya, G. K., E-mail: gopalujjain@yahoo.co.in; Sharma, S. [School of Studies in Physics, Vikram University Ujjain, M.P. 456010 India (India)

    2015-07-31

    The question as to how this universe came into being and as to how it has evolved to its present stage, is an old question. The answer to this question unfolds many secrets regarding fundamental particles and forces between them. Theodor Kaluza proposed the concept that the universe is composed of more than four space-time dimensions. In his work, electromagnetism is united with gravity. Various extra dimension formulations have been proposed to solve a variety of problems. Recently, the idea of more than four space time dimensions is applied to the search for particle identity of dark matter (DM). Signature of dark matter can be revealed by analysis of very high energy electrons which are coming from outer space. We investigate recent advancement in the field of dark matter search with reference to very high energy electrons from outer space [1-8].

  7. Reviews of recent publications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Mieke Bal. The Mottled Screen: Reading Proust Visually by Beryl Schlossman Anny Brooksbank Jones and Catherine Davies, eds. Latin American Women's Writing: Feminist Readings in Theory and Crisis by Rosemary Geisdorfer Feal Tomasa Cuevas. Prison of Women: Testimonies of War and Resistance in Spain, 1939-1975 by Yolanda Molina Gavilán David William Foster. Buenos Aires: Perspectives on the City and Cultural Production by Gustavo Geirola Belinda Jack. Francophone Literatures: An Introductory Survey by Claire L. Dehon Marx-Scouras, Danielle. The Cultural Politics of Tel Quel: Literature and the Left in the Wake of Engagement by Diane Fourny Jeffrey Mehlman. Genealogies of the Text: Literature, Psychoanalysis, and Politics in Modern France by Florence Martin Nancy Shawcross. Roland Barthes on Photography. by Philip Hadlock Lewis W. Tusken. Understanding Hermann Hesse: The Man, His Myth, His Metaphors by Theodore Ziolkowski

  8. DRAMA, IDYLL OG EVENTYR. GUNNAR SOMMERFELDTS FILMADAPTASJON (1921 AV HAMSUNS MARKENS GRØDE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisbeth P. Wærp

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This article examines Gunnar Sommerfeldt’s 1921 silent movie adaptation of Knut Hamsun’s Nobel Prize novel Markens Grøde [Growth of the Soil] (1917. The article argues that what characterizes this very first Hamsun film adaptation is its emphasis on the dramatic and the spectacular and its foregrounding of northern Norwegian nature. Inspired by Martin Lefebvre’s distinction in Landscape and Film (2006 between nature-as-setting and nature-as-landscape, this article argues that the film not only uses nature as its main setting, but that it also makes use of a series of autonomous landscapes with a fairy tale dimension. Several of its visual compositions of persons and landscapes seem to be inspired by Norwegian nature and fairy tale painter Theodor Kittelsen’s work, e.g. Soria Moria Slott, Nøkken, Pesta and Norge, Norge.

  9. O ensino de literatura contra a reclusão da palavra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Fernanda Britto Rezende

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho é uma tentativa de estabelecer conexões entre a falta de liberdade vivida por professores e alunos e a violência escolar. Mais precisamente, partindo de textos teóricos como os de Theodor Adorno (1995 e Florestan Fernandes (1966, pretende abordar algumas das dificuldades de se ensinar literatura em meio a uma civilização técnica, assim como a falta de liberdade que perpassa os vários âmbitos da instituição escolar; em especial, no que toca os textos canônicos e o próprio trabalho dos professores em sala de aula (e o compromisso ético que eles devem ter frente a isso.

  10. Egg surface ultrastructure of eight New World phlebotomine sand fly species (Diptera: Psychodidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feliciangeli, M D; Castejon, O C; Limongi, J

    1993-07-01

    The ultrastructure of the egg chorionic sculpturing of eight neotropical and fly species (Lutzomyia townsendi (Ortiz, 1959), L. youngi Feliciangeli & Murillo, 1987, L. spinicrassa Osorno, Morales, Osorno, & Hoyos, 1969, L. evansi Nuñez Tovar 1924, L. lichyi, Floch & Abonnenc, 1950, L. trinidadensis Newstead, 1922, L. venezuelensis Floch & Abonnenc, 1948, and L. olmeca bicolor, Fairchild & Theodor, 1971) was studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). A new pattern, ellipses bound by fine longitudinal ridges, was observed in L. venezuelensis. Moreover, the chorionic ultrastructure was useful for separating three isomorphic species (L. townsendi, L. youngi, and L. spinicrassa), of which L. youngi and L. spinicrassa are sympatric in some endemic foci of Táchira State, Venezuela.

  11. [First Report of Lutzomyia França in the department of Guainía, Amazonian Colombia, and of Brumptomyia mesai Sherlock (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the Colombian Caribbean Coast].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bejarano, Eduar E; Castro, Mirley; Pérez-Doria, Alveiro; Hernández-Oviedo, Ela; Vélez, Andrés; Vélez, Iván D

    2007-01-01

    This is the first record of the presence of the medically important genus Lutzomyia França in the Department of Guainía, Colombia. Sand flies were collected biting humans in the surroundings of the urban area of the Municipality of Inírida. Three Lutzomyia species were taxonomically identified as L. davisi (Root), L. olmeca bicolor Fairchild & Theodor, and L. antunesi (Coutinho). Additionally, Brumptomyia mesai Sherlock is cited for the first time in the Caribbean Coast of Colombia based on specimens collected with a modified CDC light trap in the Reserva Forestal Protectora Serranía de Coraza y Montes de María, Department of Sucre.

  12. Las extraordinarias variaciones del Opus 111. Motivos adornianos en torno al estilo tardío de Beethoven

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Marta Quintana

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo explora las consideraciones estético-musicales de Theodor Adorno respecto del estilo tardío de Beethoven. Con este propósito, el análisis se centra principalmente en las referencias al Opus 111 -considerada por el autor como una obra de difícil comprensión desde la perspectiva de la estética clásica-, en tanto permiten comprender presuposiciones estético-filosóficas del pensador de Frankfurt, tales como la negatividad de la obra de arte y su función crítica de la sociedad.

  13. ¿Puede atribuírsele valor estético a la música popular? Una postura frente a adorno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deborah Singer

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. This essay is based on the theories of the German musician and critic Theodor W. Adorno (1903-1969, who assigned to music a key role as a forming (or deforming agent of human conscience. From his point of view, “good music” (classical music, for instance redeems the individual, while “bad music” tends to preserve the existing order alienates humans, depriving them from their critical capacity; jazz, pop music and other music genres fall into this last category and the they are not assigned any aesthetics value. The author analyzes Adorno's position and pleads in favor of popular music. In order to achieve this, she analyzes the aesthetics of music in small towns, folklore, and the origin and impact of modern rhythms such as rap music.

  14. Educação Musical em Adorno: um grito fetichizado do inconsciente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alan Barcelos Ribeiro

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem por objetivo demonstrar o caráter fetichizante da música a partir de sua apropriação pelo sistema capitalista, conforme evidenciado pelo filósofo alemão Theodor W. Adorno. Considerações relevantes para compor o âmbito de argumentações em torno da educação musical em que a música é considerada uma fonte de conhecimento capaz de contribuir para a formação do tão almejado homem emancipado. Nesta perspectiva, a educação musical não pode ser pensada e nem desenvolvida a partir do conhecimento vulgar, ao contrário, deve ser pensada a partir de sua relevância social, política e subsidiar o processo de formação do homem crítico e reflexivo. Esta é a proposta impulsionada por Adorno no texto O fetichismo na música e a regressão da audição, que por hora subsidia o palco de reflexões deste artigo. Palavras-chave: Educação Musical. Fetichismo. Adorno. Music Education in Theodor Adorno: a fetish cry of the unconscious ABSTRACT The present article aims to demonstrate the fetishizing character of music from its appropriation by the capitalist system, as evidenced by the German philosopher Theodor W. Adorno. Relevant considerations to compose the scope of arguments about music education in which music is considered a source of knowledge capable of contributing to the formation of the longed for emancipated man. In this perspective, musical education cannot be thought and not even developed from vulgar knowledge, rather, it must be thought from its social, political relevance and subsidize the process of formation of the critical and reflective man. This is the proposal propelled by Adorno in the text Fetishism in music and the regression of hearing, which per hour subsidizes the stage of reflections of this article. Keywords: Music Education. Fetishism.Adorno. Educación Musical en Adorno: un grito fetichizado del inconsciente RESUMEN El presente artículo tiene por objetivo demostrar el car

  15. Responsabilidade e culpa: considerações acerca dos tabus que pairam sobre o magistério

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    Jaquelina Imbrizi

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available In this work, the observed practices and spoken languages originated from different places in the daily routine of a graduation institution will be discussed, whether by the place occupied by the students appointments, or by the teachers discourses or, in addition, by the institutional practices that confirm elements of domination in the contemporaneous culture. It was possible to articulate these different forms of expression with the taboos concerning the grade and the teachers profession. The emphasis is in the questioning of the conditions offered both for the professor actuation and for the student formation, in a Pedagogy course of a private graduation institution in the city of São Paulo. The cultural formation crisis, analyzed by Theodor W. Adorno, contributes to the study of the objective conditions offered by the contemporaneous society to the individual formation.

  16. Sobre a relação entre estética e ética em Rorty e Adorno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douglas Garcia Alves Júnior

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo propõe uma análise das relações entre ética e estética nas obras de Richard Rorty e Theodor W. Adorno. Trata-se de mostrar como os dois autores abordam as origens estéticas e afetivas da moral. A hipótese proposta é a de uma primazia do prático no projeto filosófico de ambos os autores. Um breve comentário de Inteligência artificial> (EUA, 2001, de Steven Spielberg, é esboçado, para ajudar a discernir as diferenças entre as posições filosóficas discutidas, que remetem aos conceitos de “representação do sofrimento” e de “belo” (Rorty e de “expressão do sofrimento” e de “sublime” (Adorno.

  17. Necrotizing pancreatitis: challenges and solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bendersky VA

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Victoria A Bendersky,1 Mohan K Mallipeddi,2 Alexander Perez,2 Theodore N Pappas,2 1School of Medicine, 2Department of Surgery, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA Abstract: Acute pancreatitis is a common disease that can progress to gland necrosis, which imposes significant risk of morbidity and mortality. In general, the treatment for pancreatitis is a supportive therapy. However, there are several reasons to escalate to surgery or another intervention. This review discusses the pathophysiology as well as medical and interventional management of necrotizing pancreatitis. Current evidence suggests that patients are best served by delaying interventions for at least 4 weeks, draining as a first resort, and debriding recalcitrant tissue using minimally invasive techniques to promote or enhance postoperative recovery while reducing wound-related complications. Keywords: necrotizing pancreatitis, pancreatic necrosectomy, VARD, pancreatic debridement, pancreatic collections

  18. Soñar con el futuro. Proyectos inmigratorios para la Patagonia argentina en Teodoro Alemann y Roberto J. Payró

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer M. Valko

    2014-06-01

    Taking into account recent studies on journalistic travel and Argentine nation building, this article examines the profile of a type of reporter that has been studied to a lesser degree, the immigrant journalist. It analyzes two travel chronicles about Patagonia published in Buenos Aires in 1898: Ein Ausflug nach dem Chubut-Territorium [An Excursion to the Chubut Territory] by Swiss journalist Theodor Alemann, published in the German-language newspaper Argentinisches Tageblatt [Argentine Daily], and La australia argentina, by Roberto J. Payró which appeared in La Nación. In both chronicles the narration of the trip to Patagonia is interrupted at a key moment by the telling of a dream regarding the future of the region. This essay demonstrates that these oneiric digressions reveal political and economic interests contrary to the official Argentine plans for the development of the region, the role of immigrants and their relationship with European powers.

  19. Essay’s contributions as an instructional practice for the philosophy’s teaching trainee

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    Gilson Luís Voloski

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The text reflects on essay’s contributions as an instructional practice of the philosophy's teaching trainee.  Its objective is to show the essay’s potentialities in the relation theory and practice as formation to the docent autonomy. The reflection has as concrete reference an experience of internships’ monitoring done by the author, who acted as adviser teacher, in schools of the city of Florianópolis. Based on Theodor Adorno's conceptual references, the essay's modality presents itself as a critical pedagogical approach that orientates to the teaching practice and, at the same time, as an exercise of textual elaboration about the teaching experience.  The writing systematization as a reflexive conceptual activity about the pedagogical practice, is a self-knowledge process. It is on this activity of thinking the own action that the intern also self-constitutes himself as a teacher.

  20. Fin de partida de Samuel Beckett: La soberanía del lenguaje y el juego metateatral

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    Carolina Brncic

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza Fin de partida de Samuel Beckett como obra metateatral. Para abordar el problema del género se examinan cuatro enfoques críticos relevantes: la teoría de Martin Esslin sobre el Teatro del Absurdo, la interpretación de Theodor Adorno como drama de la descomposición, la lectura de Christoph Menke como una tragedia de la representación y la propuesta de Lionel Abel sobre el metateatro. A partir de la definición señalada por Abel, se analiza la obra atendiendo a dos dimensiones paradigmáticas: la noción de juego representacional como drama autorreflexivo y la soberanía del lenguaje como soporte dramático.

  1. Agnès et les évêques de Rome jusqu’au VIIe siècle: un plaidoyer pour une relecture historico-critique du Liber pontificalis1

    OpenAIRE

    Wirbelauer, Eckhard

    2014-01-01

    Le Liber pontificalis, célèbre recueil de biographies d’évêques romains, est l’une des sources qui permettent d’appréhender au mieux l’histoire de la communauté chrétienne de la Rome tardo-antique et alto-médiévale. S’appuyant sur les travaux de Louis Duchesne et de Theodor Mommsen, ainsi que sur les résultats d’études plus récentes consacrées aux Documenta symmachiana/laurentiana, la présente contribution livre tout d’abord quelques réflexions générales relatives à l’origine du Liber pontifi...

  2. Gordon Rohlehr and the Culture Industry in Trinidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raymond Ramcharitar

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The terms "culture" and "cultural studies" in Trinidad and Tobago have been narrowly defined to mean Carnival and various other phenomena connected to the nationalist project. There has been little acknowledgement of cyber culture, alternative sexualities, consumerism, media, and in general the "Culture Industry", as theorised by Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer. One critic, Gordon Rohlehr, has over decades presented a body of work ostensibly focused on Carnival, but which also contains a cogent critique and outline of the Trinidad and Tobago Culture Industry (as contemplated by Adorno. A close reading of Rohlehr's work, and his intellectual antecedents, reveal a compelling critique of the Trinidadian/West Indian notion and practice of culture and cultural studies, and suggests areas for the discipline's expansion to better serve the needs of the region.

  3. The Business of Testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jolosky, Theo; Watson, Carol

    2015-01-01

    Theodore Millon was a brilliant man: erudite, thoughtful, confident, deliberate, and curious. He was an integrative thinker. It is widely known how these characteristics manifested themselves in his landmark work in the areas of personality theory, personality development, and personality assessment. What is likely less well known is that he displayed these same characteristics in and to the world of business; in particular, his relationships with those who published and distributed his assessment measures. This article traces those relationships. Various components are explored, ranging from product development to product marketing, from the protection of intellectual property to the development and execution of contracts, from deciding how and when to revise a test to ensuring that his legacy continues long into the future. Although the primary dynamic of these relationships was commercial, the reasons for their success were personal. Common goals, clarity of communication, persistence, respect, and trust allowed these relationships to develop, prosper, evolve, and endure.

  4. Unabomber: “Sanayi Toplumu ve Geleceği”

    OpenAIRE

    URAL, Mustafa Nuri; TÜRKAL, İhsan

    2015-01-01

    Ancak çok az şey toplumu Sanayi Devriminin değiştirdiği kadar köklü ve derinden değiştirmiştir. Hiç kimse isteyerek modern hayatın nimetlerinden vazgeçmeye gönüllü gözükmüyor. Ama giderek artan problemler birçok düşünce insanı tarafından yüksek sesle dile getiriliyor. Theodore John Kaczynski kitabında modern toplumun sorunlarını, teknolojinin bu bağlamdaki etkisini, çözümleri ve devrimin önündeki tehlikeleri analitik bir biçimde inceliyor. Gerek yöntemiyle gerek oluşum süreciyle ve içeriğiyle...

  5. Robert Kagan, un « néo-conservateur » emblématique Robert Kagan, A Leading Neoconservative Pundit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Guerlain

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available This article is an analysis of the new rhetoric of imperialism developed by Robert Kagan and the wrongly named "neo-conservatives" who have shaped the foreign policy of the Bush Administration. Kagan resorts to a gendered view of international relations which idealizes the use of force and reinvigorates the concepts and mental categories of Theodore Roosevelt. Kagan’s dismissal of and scorn for the Europeans critical of the Bush Administration take a pseudo philosophical form but boil down to shopworn biological conceptions. Rather than being typical of American views of Europe, Kagan’s neo-imperialist musings are those of a clearly identified ideological group that now exerts enormous influence over the White House, and are strongly opposed by other Americans.

  6. Political order and the ambivalence of expertise: Count Rumford and welfare reform in late eighteenth-century Munich.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maerker, Anna

    2010-01-01

    From 1784 to 1798, the military expert and natural philosopher Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford, worked in Munich for Elector Karl Theodor of Bavaria on a series of reforms that demanded a careful articulation of the reformer's expertise. This case study of Rumford's welfare reforms posits that the ambivalent nature of expertise, which relies simultaneously on generally accessible and on exclusive knowledge, was already present in the conceptual framework of Rumford's mechanical experimental philosophy and that this ambivalence was visible in the performative practice of the experimenter. Gestures of revelation and concealment and of displaying and obscuring were crucial to Rumford's (temporary) success in establishing his authority in Bavaria. Challenged by local advisers, the reformer called on a newly emergent form of public. Rumford's conceptual and practical articulation of expertise thus contributed to an increasing polarization of the political order in the Bavarian capital.

  7. Sonhando acordado: um Surrealismo nada inconsciente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Cizaurre Guirau

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Tendo como base as reflexões de Walter Benjamin e Theodor Adorno, tentaremos, na primeira parte desse trabaiho, analisar o caráter crítico-objetivo do Surrealismo. Em seguida, tentaremos avaliar a validade da transposição dessas reflexões para a realidade brasileira. Concluímos analisando a forma que o Surrealismo assume no romance "O Anjo", de Jorge de Lima, acreditando que as diferenças entre o Surrealismo dessa obra e o Europeu carregam importantes reflexões sobre o processo de modernização no Brasil e na Europa.

  8. Do Apolo de Belvedere ao guerreiro tupinambá: etnografia e convenções renascentistas From Belvedere's Apollo to the Tupinambá warrior: ethnography and renaissance conventions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yobenj Aucardo Chicangana-Bayona

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo começa com a apresentação da Coleção Grandes Viagens iniciada por Theodoro de Bry (1528-1598, para em sua segunda parte, analisar o alcance etnográfico e a aplicação da teoria da arte renascentista nas gravuras da Americae Tertia Pars (1592 sobre os índios Tupinambá.The article begins with the presentation of Theodore de Bry's (1528-1598 Great Voyages Collection, and, in the second part, analyzes its ethnographic scope and the application of Renaissance art theory used in the Americae Tertia Pars (1592 engravings of the Tupinambá indians.

  9. Dissecting a complex neurosurgical illustration: step-by-step development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suk, Ian

    2011-12-01

    Modern computer graphics software has enabled the medical illustrator to render very complex anatomy by composing many different layers of drawings simultaneously. This and the author's capacity to take an "editorial" approach to compress several chronological events into a single, comprehensive two-dimensional illustration are analyzed in a step-by-step process. Through a series of images, the article provides a visual synopsis of the development of an illustration for an extensive clinical case: total sacrectomy performed through an all-posterior approach. Originally given as a slide presentation at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Theodore Kurze Lecture in April 2011, the article provides some detailed notes on the techniques the author used to develop a comprehensive neurosurgical illustration. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Brain Ways: Meynert, Bachelard and the Material Imagination of the Inner Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phelps, Scott

    2016-07-01

    The Austrian psychiatrist Theodor Meynert's anatomical theories of the brain and nerves are laden with metaphorical imagery, ranging from the colonies of empire to the tentacles of jellyfish. This paper analyses among Meynert's earliest works a different set of less obvious metaphors, namely, the fibres, threads, branches and paths used to elaborate the brain's interior. I argue that these metaphors of material, or what the philosopher Gaston Bachelard called 'material images', helped Meynert not only to imaginatively extend the tracts of fibrous tissue inside the brain but to insinuate their function as pathways co-extensive with the mind. Above all, with reference to Bachelard's study of the material imagination, I argue that Meynert helped entrench the historical intuition that the mind, whatever it was, consisted of some interiority - one which came to be increasingly articulated through the fibrous confines of the brain.

  11. Capital Humano e Desenvolvimento Econômico no Rio Grande do Sul: Uma Abordagem Multivariada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilson Luiz Costa

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes an analysis from the theories linking human capital to economic development process. The method used consists of multivariate statistical techniques, particularly the Exploratory Factor Analysis and Conglomerates Analysis. Statistics were selected from 496 municipalities in the state of Rio Grande do Sul/Brazil according to their capacity to represents the dynamics of income concentration, quality of education and health, poverty, education and formal work. Among the results, there is a positive and direct association between levels of formal education and economic development, which validates the theoretical contributions of Theodore William Schultz and other authors that stem from their lineage. The results point to the importance of breaking the current paradigms and think education policy beyond the rhetoric of official speeches and overcome the current challenges.

  12. Acerca de la contratransferencia: ¿obstáculo o instrumento?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jozef Corveleyn

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo discute las distintas perspectivas que dentro del mismo psicoanálisis existen sobre el estatuto de la contratransferencia en el proceso terapéutico. Mientras que para unos (la tendencia clásica ésta debe ser radicalmente reprimida para salvaguardar el ideal de una neutralidad aséptica, para otros (la tendencia humanista ésta puede ser incorporada para consolidar los aspectos externos y reales de la alianza terapéutica. Junto con la postura clásica de Theodor Reik y la más moderna de Harold Searles, el autor plantea que los sentimientos y reacciones contratransferenciales pueden ser usados como un instrumento legítimo que oriente tanto la relación con el paciente como la labor interpretativa.

  13. La estética es ya sociología. La dimensión sociológica de la teoría estética de TH. W. Adorno

    OpenAIRE

    Cabot, Mateu

    2010-01-01

    La teoría de Theodor W. Adorno sufre el peso de múltiples tópicos y malentendidos que dificultan su lectura , de por sí difícil sobre todo por situarse en las antípodas de muchos de los procedimientos habituales y comunes en la práctica académica . Su obra inacabada y póstuma, Teoría estética (1970), concentra buena parte de estos tópicos. En este artículo pretendemos subrayar algunas líneas en esta obra que evidencian el propósito adorniano de integrar substancialmente la reflexión sociológi...

  14. 'Material' in Adorno's sociology of music

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeremić-Molnar Dragana

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In the article the authors are dealing with the musical 'material' as the key concept of Theodor Adorno's sociology of music. Being a synthesis of two, ideologically opposite - Schonberg's and Marx's - legacies, Adorno's 'material' combines also quite opposite meanings. On the one side, it echoes Schonberg's theory of relationship between tone (as natural phenomena and unconscious 'instinct' (that transforms composer into some kind of the tool of nature, and whole mankind as well. On the other side, Adorno was following Karl Marx general theory of capitalism (all cultural phenomena are determined by the material production, with one crucial innovation. Adorno's 'material' was reflecting the lack of virtual communist revolution, instead of its preparation (in the bosom of totalitarian capitalism. As the result of Adorno's 'negative dialectics' in the field of music, it was carrying the message of the suppressed apocalypse. .

  15. PERSON, POLITICS AND CULTURE FORMATION: THOUGHT AND EXPERIENCE DEFEAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Antônio Giovinazzo Júnior

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article, it is proposed some reflections concerning to the predominant cultural formation models in the contemporary society, which is marked by instrumental rationality and technique. By means of the presentation of some Herbert Marcuse and Theodor W. Adorno conceptions on history, dialectic, reason and experience, it is distinguished the necessity to review the political performance patterns, in view of the conservative nature of delayed capitalism. In this direction, it is suggested the reevaluation of the Marxist dialectic, according determined negation and determined choice concepts, and the consideration of the historical process as field of possibilities, from the continuity-rupture binomial. It is also analyzed the consequences of the type of rationality predominant at the time current, where the false necessities prevail, that is, those imposed; as well as the thought and experience split, that is in action in the cultural formation of the persons, in order to hinder the autonomy, what, consequently, reverberates on the political action.

  16. Oltre il frammento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca Di Viesto

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This article intends to briefly analyze the characteristics that the form of the essay assumes in György Lukács, Walter Benjamin and Theodor W. Adorno’s thought. I focused on one single point: the central function that the essay acquires within the relations between particulars and system. The results are particularly interesting since, in the face of a substantial agreement on initial diagnosis, the three autors propose very different solutions: Lukács intends the form of the essay as the only possible way to overcome the fracture between world and totality; on the contrary, Adorno intends that same form as the only form adequate to express the insurmountability of the fracture; finally, Benjamin tries to keep both sides togheter: the autonomy of the trascendent and the salvation of the immanent.

  17. Comparison of Theodorsen's Unsteady Aerodynamic Forces with Doublet Lattice Generalized Aerodynamic Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Boyd, III

    2017-01-01

    This paper identifies the unsteady aerodynamic forces and moments for a typical section contained in the NACA Report No. 496, "General Theory of Aerodynamic Instability and the Mechanism of Flutter," by Theodore Theodorsen. These quantities are named Theodorsen's aerodynamic forces (TAFs). The TAFs are compared to the generalized aerodynamic forces (GAFs) for a very high aspect ratio wing (AR = 20) at zero Mach number computed by the doublet lattice method. Agreement between TAFs and GAFs is very-good-to-excellent. The paper also reveals that simple proportionality relationships that are known to exist between the real parts of some GAFs and the imaginary parts of others also hold for the real and imaginary parts of the corresponding TAFs.

  18. Marx and Freud in Erich Fromm reading: some notes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique Bisetto

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The theoretical apparatus used by Erich Fromm on his analysis of contemporary society is based on two main sources: Marx and Freud. The approach of these different chains of thought also happened with the critical theorists of the Institute for Social Research at the University of Frankfurt, as Max Horkheimer, Theodor Adorno and Herbert Marcuse. Erich Fromm was member of the Institute, where he contributed decisively to the convergence of psychoanalysis and Marxism in the early years of this institution. Afterwards, he breaks his ties with the Institute and develops an original analysis of contemporary society, with the main theoretical framework being a singular way of reading the works of Marx and Freud.

  19. La circulación del darwinismo en el Ecuador (1870-1874

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolás Cuvi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available En 1871, el jesuita alemán Theodor Wolf comenzó a difundir el darwinismo en el Ecuador a través de las clases de geología y paleontología que impartía en la Escuela Politécnica. Expuso una posición conciliadora del evolucionismo con el catolicismo, en el contexto de un Estado que promovía la cohesión y la identidad nacional a través de la moral católica y las ciencias como vehículo para el progreso. En este estudio se discuten algunos apuntes que atribuyeron estas enseñanzas como la razón por la cual Wolf se separó de la Politécnica y de la Orden Jesuita en 1874, en el marco de una controversia mayor, en la cual el darwinismo fue determinante.

  20. Impact of contributions of Glenn T. Seaborg on nuclear science

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoffman, Darleane C.

    2000-12-26

    Glenn Theodore Seaborg (1912-199) was a world-renowned nuclear chemist, a Nobel Laureate in chemistry in 1951, co-discoverer of plutonium and nine other transuranium elements, Chairman of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission from 1961-71, scientific advisor to ten U.S. presidents, active in national and international professional societies, an advocate for nuclear power as well as for a comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty, a prolific writer, an avid hiker, environmentalist, and sports enthusiast. He was known and esteemed not only by chemists and other scientists throughout the world, but also by lay people, politicians, statesmen, and students of all ages. This memorial includes a brief glimpse of Glenn Seaborg's early life and education, describes some of his major contributions to nuclear science over his long and fruitful career, and highlights the profound impact of his contributions on nuclear science, both in the U.S. and in the international community.

  1. Sísifo e a percepção da realidade trágica pela sensibilidade absurda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Luis Pereira Ourique

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo pretende, partindo de uma abordagem interdisciplinar da literatura, filosofia e história explorar as causas que convidam a humanidade à reflexão de sua condição no mundo. Primeiramente retomaremos alguns acontecimentos históricos importantes, que contribuíram para o despertar da sensibilidade absurda. Dialogaremos com alguns dos principais nomes, os quais foram citados em O mito de Sísifo e a quem o próprio Albert Camus se diz devedor. Dentre eles está o escritor russo Fiódor Dostoiévski, cuja obra apresenta uma profunda reflexão sobre a existência e comportamento humano no mundo. Pontuaremos as análises a partir das reflexões dos filósofos Soren kierkegaard, Friedrich Nietzsche, Walter Benjamin e Theodor Adorno.

  2. Realismo em Adorno e Lukács: o caso Em câmara lenta, de Renato Tapajós

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Augusto Carneiro Costa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The first part of this work presents a study of the essays Introdução aos escritos estéticos de Marx and Engels, by Georg Lukács, and Posição do narrador no romance contemporâneo, by Theodor W. Adorno, in which we analyze their respective conceptions of realism in literature, considering their criteria of literary aesthetics valuation. The second part corresponds to the analysis of the Renato Tapajós’ novel Em câmara lenta (1977, in which we examine its formal constitution in the light of the notions of realism in question, trying to point a plausible theoretical basis for reading novels that, like Tapajós one, are formed by negativity.

  3. Wilson Prize article: From vacuum tubes to lasers and back again1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John M. J. Madey

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The first demonstration of an optical-wavelength laser by Theodore Maiman in 1960 had a transformational impact on the paths that would be blazed to advance the state of the art of short wavelength coherent electron beam-based radiation sources. Free electron lasers (FELs emerged from these efforts as the electron beam-based realization of the pioneering model of atom-based “optical masers” by Schawlow and Townes, but with far greater potential for tunable operation at high power and very short wavelengths. Further opportunities for yet greater capabilities may be inherent in our still growing understanding of the underlying physics. This article focuses on the FEL efforts in which the author was directly and personally involved.

  4. Capital Humano e Desenvolvimento Econômico no Rio Grande do Sul. Uma Abordagem Multivariada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilson Luiz Costa

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes an analysis from the theories linking human capital to economic development process. The method used consists of multivariate statistical techniques, particularly the Exploratory Factor Analysis and Conglomerates Analysis. Statistics were selected from 496 municipalities in the state of Rio Grande do Sul/Brazil according to their capacity to represents the dynamics of income concentration, quality of education and health, poverty, education and formal work. Among the results, there is a positive and direct association between levels of formal education and economic develop- ment, which validates the theoretical contributions of Theodore William Schultz and other authors that stem from their lineage. The results point to the importance of breaking the current paradigms and think education policy beyond the rhetoric of official speeches and overcome the current challenges.

  5. The Unknown Generals - German Corps Commanders in World War 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-06-03

    Johannes Block, Curt-Ulrich von Gersdorff, Wolfdietrich von Xylander, Eduard Zorn, Robert Macher, Paul Hermann, and Theodor Kretschmer. Only one went on...GdI Hoehne 12.5.44-4.8.44 GL Mueller,J 4.8.44-24.8.44 GdA Hartmann ,W 24.8.44-20.3.45 GdI Wiese 20.3.45-19.4.45 * GdA von Mellenthin 19.4.45-8.5.45 2,7...ARMEEKORPS GL-GdA Hartmann ,O 8.39-25.3.41 GL Ott 25.3.41-10.5.41 Gdl von Salmuth 10.5.41-27.12.41 GL-GdA Fretter-Pico,M 27.12.41-18.7.44 GL Postel 18.7.44

  6. El proceso de valoración documental a la luz de los actuales debates archivísticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge del Castillo

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Currently, documentary assessment is one of the most controversial processes in archival science because of its implications from an informational, political and social point of view. Although the background of this process dates back to medieval times, it would be inaccurate to speak about some theoretical systematization before Americans Philip Brooks and Theodore Schellenberg's contributions in the 40s and 50s in the 20th century. In the light of the post custodial paradigm, the assessment of archival documents has been the object of increasing theoretical reflections, which has led to different positions. This article intends to perform an approach to archival document assessment based on custodial and post custodial paradigms. To that effect, it addresses some of the aspects which have been the subject of questioning in both cases. Afterwards, this article presents a macro assessment analysis and its fundamental characteristics.

  7. El doble sentido de la técnica en la cultura de masas, Adorno y la dialéctica del cine

    OpenAIRE

    Ipar, Ezequiel

    2008-01-01

    La teoría crítica de la cultura de Theodor Adorno ofrece múltiples perspectivas para abordar el mundo contemporáneo. Sin embargo, su crítica a la industria cultural parece descansar en una serie de prejuicios contra la cultura de masas que recluirían necesariamente sus análisis a una visión elitista y anacrónica, que sólo valora la tradición de la alta cultura europea y el juicio estético-filosófico del arte. Quisiéramos problematizar en este trabajo el supuesto de esta consideración, que int...

  8. Mathematical analysis of complex cellular activity

    CERN Document Server

    Bertram, Richard; Teka, Wondimu; Vo, Theodore; Wechselberger, Martin; Kirk, Vivien; Sneyd, James

    2015-01-01

    This book contains two review articles on mathematical physiology that deal with closely related topics but were written and can be read independently. The first article reviews the basic theory of calcium oscillations (common to almost all cell types), including spatio-temporal behaviors such as waves. The second article uses, and expands on, much of this basic theory to show how the interaction of cytosolic calcium oscillators with membrane ion channels can result in highly complex patterns of electrical spiking. Through these examples one can see clearly how multiple oscillatory processes interact within a cell, and how mathematical methods can be used to understand such interactions better. The two reviews provide excellent examples of how mathematics and physiology can learn from each other, and work jointly towards a better understanding of complex cellular processes. Review 1: Richard Bertram, Joel Tabak, Wondimu Teka, Theodore Vo, Martin Wechselberger: Geometric Singular Perturbation Analysis of Burst...

  9. Analytical implications of using practice theory in workplace information literacy research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moring, Camilla Elisabeth; Lloyd, Annemaree

    2013-01-01

    focus and interest when researching workplace information literacy. Two practice theoretical perspectives are selected, one by Theodore Schatzki and one by Etienne Wenger, and their general commonalities and differences are analysed and discussed. Analysis: The two practice theories and their main ideas...... of what constitute practices, how practices frame social life and the central concepts used to explain this, are presented. Then the application of the theories within workplace information literacy research is briefly explored. Results and Conclusion: The two theoretical perspectives share some...... commonalities as they both emphasise practice as a constellation of activities and share an interest in the constitution and conditioning of such activities in social life. However, researchers must be aware that there also exist differences between the two theories that impact on the analytical focus...

  10. A GLASS HALF FULL: CAPITALIST ETHICS IN THE NOVELS OF WILL PAYNE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott Dalrymple

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Will Payne (1865–1954 was an American financial journalist and novelist with unique and interesting views on capitalism and society. Most turn-of-the-century American novelists who wrote about economics inhabited opposite poles of the political spectrum: they tended to write either overt socialist tracts (e.g., Upton Sinclair, Jack London, Theodore Dreiser or hagiographies of captains of industry (e.g., Samuel Merwin, Henry Kitchell Webster, Mary Hallock Foote. Payne’s work, however, defies such simple categorization. In novels such as The Money Captain (1898, Mr. Salt (1903, and When Love Speaks (1906, Payne challenged readers to consider a longer term view of the effects of capitalism.The able men—the men who can do things—are going to run the world, you know. They’ve got to; for the other crowd simply can’t. —Will Payne, When Love Speaks

  11. La ambivalencia de lo popular en los estudios culturales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iñaki Martínez de Albeniz

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo trata de reconstruir la genealogía de la diferenciación entre cultura popular y alta cultura en la obra de tres de los autores más relevantes en el ámbito de la sociología de la cultura, George Simmel, Theodor W. Adorno y Walter Benjamin. Desde una perspectiva sociológica lo realmente relevante de la producción de estos tres clásicos de los estudios culturales es que en sus escritos subyacen formas diametralmente opuestas de construir lo social. La noción de estilo en Simmel, la dialéctica negativa en Adorno y la iluminación en Benjamin son, en este sentido, la antesala de sendos intentos de imaginar la sociedad moderna.

  12. El concepto de industria cultural como problema: una mirada desde Adorno, Horkheimer y Benjamín

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Szpilbarg

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available El siguiente artículo aborda la noción de industria cultural, que nació como concepto filosófico dentro de la obra de dos autores de la Escuela de Frankfurt, Max Horkheimer y Theodor W. Adorno. En la actualidad, debido a que es utilizado de manera instrumental por el Estado, la definición de este concepto ha mutado. El texto ahonda en la perspectiva de los autores frankfurtianos, incorporando los aportes y críticas de Walter Benjamin sobre la obra de arte en la era de su reproductibilidad técnica, para así establecer una relación entre ambas perspectivas.

  13. A Critique of Health System Performance Measurement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    Health system performance measurement is a ubiquitous phenomenon. Many authors have identified multiple methodological and substantive problems with performance measurement practices. Despite the validity of these criticisms and their cross-national character, the practice of health system performance measurement persists. Theodore Marmor suggests that performance measurement invokes an "incantatory response" wrapped within "linguistic muddle." In this article, I expand upon Marmor's insights using Pierre Bourdieu's theoretical framework to suggest that, far from an aberration, the "linguistic muddle" identified by Marmor is an indicator of a broad struggle about the representation and classification of public health services as a public good. I present a case study of performance measurement from Alberta, Canada, examining how this representational struggle occurs and what the stakes are. © The Author(s) 2015.

  14. ESCLARECIMENTO E INDÚSTRIA CULTURAL

    OpenAIRE

    Araújo, Raffaelle Andressa dos Santos; Utta, Bergson Pereira

    2010-01-01

    Foi na década de 40 que os renomados filósofos Theodor Adorno e Max Horkheimer reverberaram sobre a cultura, mais precisamente acerca da inclusão dos meios técnicos aos bens culturais, assumindo uma posição crítica sobre a relação entre industrialização e arte, acreditando que toda expressão cultural seria transformada em produto, numa indústria cultural. Na obra Dialética do Esclarecimento, eles defendem a tese de que mito e esclarecimento mantêm entre si uma relação dialética, com o mito já...

  15. Impact of contributions of Glenn T. Seaborg on nuclear science

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hoffman, Darleane C.

    2000-01-01

    Glenn Theodore Seaborg (1912-199) was a world-renowned nuclear chemist, a Nobel Laureate in chemistry in 1951, co-discoverer of plutonium and nine other transuranium elements, Chairman of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission from 1961-71, scientific advisor to ten U.S. presidents, active in national and international professional societies, an advocate for nuclear power as well as for a comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty, a prolific writer, an avid hiker, environmentalist, and sports enthusiast. He was known and esteemed not only by chemists and other scientists throughout the world, but also by lay people, politicians, statesmen, and students of all ages. This memorial includes a brief glimpse of Glenn Seaborg's early life and education, describes some of his major contributions to nuclear science over his long and fruitful career, and highlights the profound impact of his contributions on nuclear science, both in the U.S. and in the international community

  16. Can architecture be barbaric?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hürol, Yonca

    2009-06-01

    The title of this article is adapted from Theodor W. Adorno's famous dictum: 'To write poetry after Auschwitz is barbaric.' After the catastrophic earthquake in Kocaeli, Turkey on the 17th of August 1999, in which more than 40,000 people died or were lost, Necdet Teymur, who was then the dean of the Faculty of Architecture of the Middle East Technical University, referred to Adorno in one of his 'earthquake poems' and asked: 'Is architecture possible after 17th of August?' The main objective of this article is to interpret Teymur's question in respect of its connection to Adorno's philosophy with a view to make a contribution to the politics and ethics of architecture in Turkey. Teymur's question helps in providing a new interpretation of a critical approach to architecture and architectural technology through Adorno's philosophy. The paper also presents a discussion of Adorno's dictum, which serves for a better understanding of its universality/particularity.

  17. From “The New Sculpture” to Garden Statuary: the suppression of Abstract Expressionist sculpture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meghan Bissonnette

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the 1940s, David Smith, David Hare, Herbert Ferber, Ibram Lassaw, Seymour Lipton and Theodore Roszak were part of a new generation of sculptors working in New York who used welding and other direct-metal techniques to make abstract sculpture. In the 1950s, Abstract Expressionist sculpture was praised for its vitality and inventiveness, yet beginning in the 1960s these works gradually fell out of favour. The sole exception is David Smith, who has been upheld as the only sculptor of merit from this period. This study will contend that the suppression of Abstract Expressionist sculpture is largely due to Clement Greenberg and the lasting impact of his writings. Furthermore, his critique of the new sculpture has shaped subsequent assessments by Michael Leja, Kirk Varnedoe, and Edward Lucie-Smith. It has also contributed to the belief, still current today, that Abstract Expressionism is a movement of painters with no comparable counterparts in sculpture.

  18. Globalization VS Internationalization for Entrepreneurs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bambang Pratama

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available In an article in the Harvard Business Review Theodore Levitt published The Globalization of Markets. Business activities across the country after it became a very interesting topic of study for both academics and practitioners. This topic has become so phenomenal because his arguments about globalization is the economic convergence with business activities without any national barriers. In contrast to the internationalization that tends to narrow and tends to do business across national borders. Central idea must answered by manager and entrepreneurs is whether your market global or international. Before answering them it requires understanding and a new paradigm on this matter. Furthermore, Thomas Friedman in his book "The world is flat" also reinforces Levitt idea and prescript a world with evolution of information and technology. This new economic eras opened new opportunity on entrepreneur point of view. There is wide open door to enter global market and more easy to accelerate company growth or new business start-up. 

  19. O objeto das ciências sociais e a virada comunicativa: Adorno após Habermas The object of social sciences and the communicative turn: Adorno after Habermas

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    Gisela Catanzaro

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo procura reconsiderar as críticas de Jürgen Habermas à teoria social de Theodor Adorno. Inicialmente, analisamos as razões apresentadas por Habermas para abandonar a crítica dialética do processo de racionalização social. Em seguida, para expor nossas objeções a essa interpretação, reconstruímos duas teses que, embora essenciais à crítica de Adorno ao processo de modernização vigente, foram deslocadas pelo paradigma da ação comunicativa. Por fim, através da relação entre linguagem e racionalidade que Adorno estabelece, sugerimos um tratamento diferente ao lugar da comunicação na constituição das sociedades contemporâneas.The article intends to reconsider the critique of Theodor Adorno's Social Theory formulated by Jürgen Habermas. In the first part of the text we analyze in detail the reasons Habermas enounces to leave behind the dialectical criticism of the process of social rationalization. In order to put forward our objections to Habermas' interpretation we reconstruct, in the second part, two essential thesis, which became displaced by the paradigm of communicative action, and which had served Adorno to elaborate his criticism of the prevailing modernization process. As a conclusion, we propose a different understanding of the roll played by communication in the constitution of contemporary societies, through an analysis - based upon Adorno - of the relationship between language and rationality.

  20. Música y medios de comunicación: en torno a Glenn Gould (1932-1982 Música y medios de comunicación: en torno a Glenn Gould (1932-1982

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    Michèle Dufour

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Glenn Gould (Toronto,1932-82 fue una de las figuras artísticas más importantes de Canadá en el siglo XX. A 25 años de su muerte se conmemora no sólo a un gran virtuoso del piano; también a un actor social relevante, que contribuyó a la redefinición de la experiencia musical culta a partir del poder de las nuevas tecnologías en la sociedad contemporánea. Su vida y obra crítica guarda una estrecha relación –implícita o explícita– con otros importantes pensadores de su tiempo, como Marshall McLuhan, Theodor W. Adorno, Max Horkheimer y Walter Benjamin. Todos ellos involucrados en reflexionar sobre el devenir de la obra de arte en la era de la reproducción industrial y de la cultura de masa.Glenn Gould (Toronto,1932-82 has been one of the most important artistic personality of Canada in the twentieth century. Twenty five years after his death, we commemorate not only a great virtuoso of the piano but also an outstanding social actor who contributed to redefine the musical experience considering the power of mass medias in the contemporary society. His life and critical writings keep a link –implicit or explicitly– with others important thinkers of his time like Marshall McLuhan, Theodor W. Adorno, Max Horkheimer and Walter Benjamin, all of them involucrate in the process of redefinition of the work of art in the industrial reproduction era and mass culture.

  1. INTER-RELAÇÕES ENTRE ALIENAÇÃO, EMANCIPAÇÃO E EDUCAÇÃO (INTER-RELATIONS BETWEEN ALIENATION, EMANCIPATION AND EDUCATION

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    Ahlert Alvori

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen:Este texto tiene como objetivo establecer una reflexión sobre los conceptos de alienación y emancipación en el contexto de la educación. A través de una investigación bilbliográfica que parte de Kant, los conceptos referidos son buscados en el pensamiento de Karl Marx y en su desdoblamiento para la educación en el pensamiento de Theodor Adorno. Con base en estas concepciones, defendemos la importancia para las nuevas generaciones de ocasionar, en nuestro quehacer educativo, esta importante cultura crítica para la formación de un ciudadano con autonomía y capacidad de tomar decisiones conscientes en favor de la emancipación del ser humano, en una sociedad que todavía perpetua las desigualdades sociales. Una emancipación que demanda el enfrentamiento del imperialismo cultural dominante.Resumo:Este texto objetiva estabelecer uma reflexão sobre os conceitos de alienação e emancipação no contexto da educação. Através de uma investigação bibliográfica, partindo de Kant, os referidos conceitos são pesquisados no pensamento de Karl Marx e seu desdobramento para a educação no pensamento de Theodor Adorno. Com base nestas concepções, defendemos a importância de o nosso fazer educativo estar trazendo para as novas gerações esta importante cultura crítica para a formação de um cidadão com autonomia e capacidade de fazer escolhas conscientes em favor da emancipação do ser humano numa sociedade que ainda perpetua as desigualdades sociais. Uma emancipação que demanda o enfrentamento do imperialismo cultural dominante.

  2. O Problema dos museus

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    Paul Valéry

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste texto, publicado pela primeira vez em 1931, o poeta e escritor Paul Valéry (1871-1945 deixa entrever seu sentimento ambíguo em face da modernidade, sentimento admiravelmente revelado no relato melancólico que faz de uma visita às galerias povoadas de "solidões céreas" do Museu do Louvre. Para Valéry, o museu é um reduto de "visões mortas", mas é, também, conforme observou Theodor Adorno a respeito do autor em seu ensaio "Museu Valéry-Proust", o lugar mais propício a uma percepção crítica da arte em "nossa realidade catastrófica". Tanto Proust como Valéry, afirma Adorno, pensam o museu como figura da morte (embora a partir de posições aparentemente antagônicas, somente a experiência funda dessa morte sendo capaz, para ambos, de abrir possibilidades para a arte no presente.The text from the poet and writer Paul Valéry (1871-1945 and originally published in 1931, brings to light his ambiguous feelings about modernity, feelings which are here remarkably revealed in the melancholic report he renders of a visit to the Louvre Museum, in which the poet confronts "waxen solitudes". The museum is, to Valéry, a dwelling for "dead visions", although being at the same time the most auspicious place, as noticed by Theodor Adorno in his essay "The Valéry-Proust Museum", for a critical perception of art in "our catastrophical reality". Both Valéry and Proust, Adorno argues, see the museum through the figure of death (in spite of their apparently antagonistic points of view, the deep experience of this death being, for them, the only way to unleash new possibilities to art in the present days.

  3. Adorno, arte e educação: negócio da arte como negação Adorno, art and education: art business as negation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Hermenegildo Fabiano

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available O eixo temático desta investigação trata de compreender que a obra de arte corporifica na sua forma interna uma autonomia relativa com relação à realidade empírica sobre a qual se torna reflexão crítica. Ao se caracterizar como mediação com a realidade social que a produziu, a arte é por isso mesmo a sua negação. É esse princípio de negação determinada, em que se condensam na obra de arte as antinomias e os antagonismos como antíteses da sociedade enquanto problema de sua forma interna, o elemento ao qual Theodor W. Adorno atribui dimensão epistemológica. Nessa categoria do conhecimento assim concebida, pela perspectiva estética, a razão instrumental como práxis brutal da sobrevivência é concretamente questionada na sua forma restritiva de conhecimento.The main investigation in this paper aims at understanding that a work of art in its internal form gets a relative autonomy from the empiric reality of which it becomes a critical reflection. As mediation to the social and historical reality that produced it, art is characterized as a negation of this same reality. This principle of determined negation as an antithesis of society is condensed in a work of art as the problem of its internal form, an element to which Theodor W. Adorno conferred an epistemological dimension. In this category of knowledge, considered through the aesthetics perspective, the instrumental reason as a brutal praxis of surviving is concretely questioned in its restrictive form of knowledge.

  4. Nano, Queensland and cryo-electron microscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    McDowall, A.W.

    2002-01-01

    Full text: In a recent review the authors, Wolfgang Baumeister and Alasdair Steven wrote, '....there is immense opportunity for Cryo-EM, especially as boosted by merging crystallographic structures of individual subunits into moderate resolution Cryo-EM density maps of whole complexes. Electron tomography has now advanced to the point where it is a realistic goal to glimpse molecular machines operating inside cells....' This statement gives testament to the advances made over the past 25 years by many labs around the world to the area of microscopy referred to as Cryo-EM and related 3-D computing technologies. Australian scientific societies have been eager followers of this progress and heard first hand of the new developments in the field at the 1984 ACEM-8 (2). Since those early days the ACEM and other Australian/NZ societies have sponsored numerous researchers and workshops in the field of Cryo-EM to their conferences, Helin Sabil, Wah Chiu, Ron Milligan, Richard Henderson and Werner Kuhlbrandt to name only a few. These visits have stimulated a desire from Australian/NZ researchers to establish collaborations and access to prominent labs in the USA and Europe, where the means and knowledge to provide Cryo EM and 3D reconstruction technology for studying macromolecular complexes is well established. However, Australia has not been backward in seeking to provide its home research community with access to a base in biological molecular microscopy and electron crystallography technology. Since the last ACEM we have seen the emergence of a number of crucial factors, which will make the establishment of a national research facility in this field an operational reality in early 2003. Well publicized is the development of Australia's newest and perhaps most unique research institute, the institute for Molecular Bioscience (IMB) to open at the University of Queensland (UQ) in 2002. The IMB will be the platform for a new research group in advanced computational 3D

  5. The Geobiochemistry of Methanogen Proteins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasad, A.; Shock, E.

    2013-12-01

    be performing a structural role [2]. These findings suggest that adaptation of microbes to their geochemical environment is accompanied by minimization of the energetic costs of protein biosynthesis, which can be tested further by including methanogens in other environments like hot springs, submarine hydrothermal vents and peatlands. Comparative analyses will reveal which proteins and protein regions follow this energy-minimization strategy and which are excluded. It will then be possible to characterize proteins in terms of the extent to which their sequences are influenced by external geochemical forces. 1. Dick, J. M. (2008). Calculation of the relative metastabilities of proteins using the CHNOSZ software package. Geochem. Trans, 9(10). DOI: 10.1186/1467-4866-9-10. 2. Zwickl P., Grziwa A., Puehler G., Dahlmann B., Lottspeich F. and Baumeister W. (1992) Primary structure of the Thermoplasma proteasome and its implications for the structure, function, and evolution of the multicatalytic proteinase. Biochemistry 31, 964-972. DOI: 10.1021/bi00119a004.

  6. A "fisiognomia" do livro no estudo psicológico da leitura La "fisiognomía" del libro en el estudio psicológico de la lectura Book "physiognomics" in a psychological study on the reading

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    Luciana Dadico

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Buscamos, por meio deste trabalho, investigar de que maneira o livro como meio institui certos modos de ler no ciclo atual de produção e reprodução literária. A parte empírica desta pesquisa incluiu entrevistas com dez leitores brasileiros, que escolheram livros para ler e nos contaram sobre suas leituras. As entrevistas, semiabertas, foram registradas com um gravador e analisadas durante a elaboração deste trabalho. Pelas imagens expressas pelos leitores durante estas entrevistas, e fazendo uso de um método fisiognômico, inspirado em estudos desenvolvidos por Theodor Adorno, identificamos como categorias imanentes do livro: a a ilusão de proximidade; b a conservação temporal; c a ubiquidade relativa; d a semipadronização; e e a unidade portabilidade-fluidez. A relação entre leitor e livro, atravessada por essas categorias, tende a promover a fome de ler e a leitura distraída como modos de leitura característicos.Buscamos a través de este trabajo investigar de qué manera el libro como medio instituye ciertos modos de lectura en el ciclo de producción y reproducción literaria actual. La parte empírica de esta investigación incluyó entrevistas con diez lectores brasileños, que eligieron libros para leer y nos contaron a respecto de sus lecturas. Las entrevistas semiabiertas fueron registradas con una grabadora de voz y analizadas durante la elaboración de este trabajo. A partir de las imágenes expresadas por los lectores durante estas entrevistas y haciendo uso de un método fisiognómico, inspirado en los estudios desarrollados por Theodor Adorno, identificamos como categorías inmanentes del libro: a la ilusión de proximidad, b la conservación temporal, c la ubicuidad relativa, d semiestandarización, y e la unidad portabilidad-fluidez. La relación entre lector y libro, impregnada por estas categorías, tiende a promover el hambre de lectura y la lectura distraída como modos de lectura caracter

  7. Editorial 4/2014: Steuerung, Kontrolle, Disziplin. Medienpädagogische Perspektiven auf Medien und/der Überwachung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Ballhausen

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Nicht zuletzt durch die Enthüllungen Edward Snowdens stellen sich den westlichen Demokratien Fragen der (digitalen Überwachung. Dabei wurden nicht nur Geheimdienste wie die NSA, sondern auch (globale Online-Dienste wie Google, Amazon oder Dropbox hinsichtlich der Debatten zum "gläsernen Menschen" eingehend diskutiert, um die Gefahren der gänzlichen Transparenz von BürgerInnen – aber auch Staaten – in den Blick zu nehmen. Damit erreichten die Diskussionen zur Souveränitäts-, Disziplinar- und Kontrollgesellschaft im Sinne Gilles Deleuzes und Michel Foucaults angesichts der neuen Medientechnologien auch eine breitere Öffentlichkeit, die sich am Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts erneut Fragen zu den Themen Steuerung, Kontrolle und Disziplin stellen muss. Sichtet man dahingehend in historischer Absicht die Geschichte der (Medien-Pädagogik, so ist es bemerkenswert, dass sie spätestens am Beginn der 70er-Jahre durch die Übernahme kybernetischer und systemtheoretischer Modelle direkt am Paradigma dieser Steuerungswissenschaften beteiligt war. Norbert Wiener hatte als einer der Begründer der Kybernetik Kommunikation direkt mit Kontrolle verbunden, woraufhin Pädagogen wie Theodor Ballauff von einer "totalen Schule" sprachen und vielerorts der "programmierte Unterricht" diskutiert und umgesetzt wurde. Insofern stellte und stellt sich auch anhand der konkreten Unterrichtspraxis im Schul- und Klassenraum das medienpädagogische Problem der Medienpädagogik als Steuerung, Kontrolle und Disziplin.

  8. „Uthopia – The Castle with Dreams and Hopes”

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    Dan Popescu

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Can social order bring happiness to individuals? The affirmative answer to the question, that one to invent a world where conflicts and inequality be abolished and people reconciliated has always meant to be the great project of the utopians. An ideal fortress and most often a totalitarian one. Now, the term “utopian” is mostly within the polemic register often “denouncing” the artificial nature of a regime, which promises, without having a real basis, the artificial nature of some activities, of some measures of the same type. To interpret the “ideal fortress” in this way means to brutally banish the dreams of people, their aspirations. We are not only flesh and blood made but made of the ideal, feelings too and they have to come first mostly. Therefore, “the utopia” can be a useful element of report in examining, splitting and the refinement of the passing tendencies of the human being in order to get the ideal nearer to the possible as much as possible. A positive valence. With such social controversies and clarifications at the same time, are we entitled to have absolute, definitive judgements? Then we have tried to bring out only the beauty of the dream with its “overdose” of getting out of reality and we have let definitive judgements to belong to reality forever. Therefore we had in mind Thomas More, le Campanella, le Etienne Corbet, la Morelly, le Saint Simon, Robert Owen, Charles Fourier and Theodor Diamant.

  9. Plagiarism and Self-plagiarism. A Reflexion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renzo Ramirez Bacca

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available En el año 2011, el Ministro de Defensa Alemán Karl Theodor zu Guttenberg renunció a su cargo por ser acusado de plagiar su tesis doctoral (Luchini 2011.  Además, por primera vez en la historia de El Colegio de México, se decidió en el 2015 revocar el título de Doctor en Historia conferido en 2004 a Rodrigo Christian Núñez por plagiar su tesis doctoral (Martínez 2015. El otro caso reciente es el de César Acuña Peralta, excandidato a la presidencia en el Perú, fundador y dueño de la Universidad César Vallejo quien ha sido señalado de plagiar todos sus títulos y la autoría de un libro (Fowks 2016. Estos sucesos a nivel internacional, ofrecen un panorama para la reflexión sobre el plagio y el “auto-plagio”  en las publicaciones científicas y académicas.

  10. Aspects of the history of X-ray therapy in Austria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wyklicky, H.

    1980-01-01

    Even before the turn of the century, the dermatologist Leopold Freund tried to treat a hairy naevus on the back of a child with the rays Roentgen had discovered in 1895 when all known forms of therapy had failed. Loss of hair, as desired, resulted therein. In order to prove that electric currents were not the effective agents, Freund abducted them and treated another part of the naevus pigmentosus piliferus, however, for a longer period in order to compensate for the supposed loss of energy. An ulcer resulted. A number of renowned researchers doubted the biological effect of the X-rays. Freund also began to doubt his original opinion and later even attacked his very own discovery. Only the findings of Robert Kienboeck after having carefully examined them, let Freund accept his former opinion again. Guido Holzknecht, recognized as a pioneer of X-ray diagnosis even before the First World War, occupied himself successfully with X-ray therapy under the influence of Kienboeck. He may be regarded as one of the world's first radiobiologists. Vincenz Czerny, of Austrian origin, and a pupil of Theodor Billroth, became a promotor of the X-ray therapy of malignant blastomas in Heidelberg. K.H. Kaercher, who has been head of the Department of Radiotherapy, Vienna University, for the past ten years is a graduate of this famous school. (author)

  11. O gênero como empregado pela Indústria cinematográfica: ontem e hoje

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    Faraon, Gustavo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho é verificar em que medida a indústria cinematográfica contemporânea ainda faz uso do gênero (aqui compreendido não no sentido antropológico, relacionado aos sexos como uma estratégia da indústria cultural, tal como descrito por Theodor Adorno, e através de que dispositivos isto se dá. Para tanto, uma contextualização do gênero sob um viés frankfurtiano é efetuada, seguida de uma comparação entre práticas da indústria cinematográfica na Era dos Estúdios e nos tempos atuais. Nota-se, por fim, uma alteração do emprego desta estratégia, tanto sob o viés da economia da produção quanto pela ótica narrativa

  12. Power loads in the limiter phase of Wendelstein 7-X

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Niemann, Holger; Jakubowski, Marcin; Sunn Pedersen, Thomas [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Greifswald (Germany); Wurden, Glen [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos (United States)

    2016-07-01

    Wendelstein 7-X (W7-X), an advanced stellarator with five-fold symmetry, will start its initial plasma operation phase(OP1.1) in December 2015. In OP1.1 the plasma-wall interaction is realized with 5 graphite limiters installed on the inboard side of the plasma vessel, which should efficiently intercept >99% of the convective plasma heat load at the plasma edge with the chosen magnetic configuration. Assuming an even distribution of power loads among all 5 limiters, discharges with 2 MW of ECRH heating power could be run for up to a second. Calculations shows typical three separate helical magnetic flux bundles of different connection length in the order of a few tens of meters. These form 3-D structure of magnetic footprints results in localized peaks in the limiter power deposition patterns. The heterogenous temperature distribution pattern will be investigated with two IR cameras. The heat flux density will be evaluated with the THEODOR code from evolution of the surface temperature data. Together with two sets of Langmuir probes in module 5 this provides enough data to resolve experimentally different channels of heat transport towards the limiter in OP1.1 plasmas. Additionally, the obtained data will be compared against the output of EMC3-Eirene calculations to identify the channels of energy transport at the plasma boundary in the first operation phase of W7-X.

  13. As Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais para o Ensino Médio e as proposições sobre trabalho, ciência, tecnologia e cultura reflexões necessárias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Ribeiro da Silva

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El estudio analiza los sentidos que adquieren el trabajo, la ciencia, la cul - tura y la tecnología en la sociedad actual y problematiza, a partir de los referenciales de la Teoría Crítica de la Sociedad, la proposición de esos elementos en los textos que definen Directrices Curriculares Nacionales para la Enseñanza Media. La indagación que motivó el análisis dice respecto a la posibilidad de concreción de las intenciones enunciadas en las directrices, a saber, las de una educación que apunta a la producción de la autonomía intelectual y moral de los individuos. El camino para la discusión anunciada se delineó al tomar obras de Theodor Adorno, Max Horkheimer and Hebert Marcuse en las cuales los autores reflexionan sobre la tecnología, la ciencia, la cultura y el trabajo y las interfaces posibles entre estos y los procesos formativos. Las conclusiones apuntan en la dirección de que esas propuestas no se deben tomar de forma instrumental para evitar que sufran un vaciamiento de sentido y pierdan, así, su potencialidad.

  14. Managerialism and large-scale assessment: new modes of regulation of basic education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Fátima Cóssio

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This work is an effort of systematisation of the discussions undertaken in Advancing Educational Policy Seminar II PPGE/FaE/UFPel and aims at analyzing the intensification of evaluative mechanisms in the scenario of Brazilian basic education defending the thesis that is part of the process of reconfiguration of the public administration within the framework of the capitalist project and yours consequent changes in the role of the State to cope with the crises and breed new forms of regulation. Use the theorizing of Alfonso (2009, Ball (2004, 2005, 2011, Maroy (2011, Theodore (2011, in the understanding of new public management and adjustment modes, as well as the official and legal documents supporting the understanding of new public management and adjustment modes current policy. Analyzes the public management model assumed by central Governments since the mid 1990 identifing the Managerialism, considering the adoption of business principles and mechanisms of control and accountability within the public machine. Educational policies in force are currently grounded by induction to the improvement of quality indicators, measured through national exams combined to school censuses which result in basic education development index-IDEB. It is believed that the panacea of the evaluation reflects the Organization of systems, of schools and of the classroom, with implications in the curriculum, teaching and training work of students.

  15. [The image of Byzantine medicine in the satire "Timarion"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leven, K H

    1990-01-01

    Byzantine medicine is usually regarded as a static and non-creative descendant of classical Greek medicine, a point of view confirmed by the Byzantine medical texts. In this essay, the anonymous satire "Timarion" is analyzed in respect to its image of contemporary medical theory. Timarion, the fictive narrator, falls ill with a fever and is brought to Hades by two conductors of souls. They assert that he cannot survive, because he has secreted all his elementary bile. According to a decree by Asclepios and Hippocrates posted in Hades, any person that has lost one of his four elements may not live longer. In Hades Timarion sues to the court of judges of the dead. His lawyer, the sophist Theodore of Smyrna, persuades the judges that the bile excreted by Timarion has not been elementary in the sense of humoral pathology. So Timarion is allowed to return to life. The author of the satire ridicules the fundamental axiom of the four humours. Asclepios, Hippocrates and Erasistratos, who are attached to the infernal court as experts, cannot defend their theory against the convincing arguments of a sophist. The "divine" Galen, who probably would have been able to, is absent in order to complete a book of his. The "Timarion" with its harsh critique of medical theory is very amusing and a rare example of "actuality" in Byzantine literature.

  16. Solar system a visual exploration of the planets, moons, and other heavenly bodies that orbit our sun

    CERN Document Server

    Chown, Marcus

    2011-01-01

    Based on the latest ebook sensation developed by Theodore Gray and his company Touch Press, this beautiful print book presents a new and fascinating way to experience the wonders of the solar system Following the stunning success of both the print edition and the app of The Elements, Black Dog & Leventhal and Touch Press have teamed up again. Solar System is something completely new under the sun. Never before have the wonders of our solar system—all its planets, dwarf planets, the sun, moons, rocky Asteroid Belt, and icy Kuiper Belt—been so immediately accessible to readers of all ages. Beginning with a fascinating overview and then organized by planet, in order of its distance from the sun, Solar System takes us on a trip across time and space that includes a front-row seat to the explosive birth of the solar system, a journey to (and then deep inside) each of its eight planets, and even an in-depth exploration of asteroids and comets. With hundreds of gorgeous images produced especially for this...

  17. Algumas notas sobre educação e ética à luz do pensamento de Kant = Some notes on education and ethics in the light of the thought of Kant = Algunas notas sobre la educación y la ética a la luz del pensamiento de Kant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Menezes, Edmilson

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente ensaio tem por objetivo estabelecer alguma reflexão sobre o tema da educação e da ética a partir da leitura acerca do pensamento pedagógico de Kant expresso no texto Sobre a pedagogia. O referido trabalho origina-se de um curso ministrado pelo filósofo junto à Universidade de Könisberg. É considerado pela literatura como um texto menor, em virtude inclusive de ter sido publicado postumamente por um de Kant – Theodor Rink –, a partir de notas e apontamentos tomados para as preleções do professor sobre temas concernentes à pedagogia. Compreende-se que o texto Sobre a pedagogia ilustra o modo pelo qual Kant pensava a educação. Iluminado pelos escritos de Rousseau, mas profundamente tributário da literatura da Ilustração, destaca-se no trabalho a busca de compreensão da questão da moralidade. Kant considera uma dimensão moral inclusive no ato de instruir, cuja âncora deve ser a transposição da natureza para preparar a maioridade do juízo, e a infância e a juventude para a vida na coletividade

  18. The Pitfalls of Picturing Atlantic Slavery: Steven Spielberg’s Amistad vs Guy Deslauriers’s The Middle Passage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lars Eckstein

    2011-04-01

    On the one hand, the arts are particularly called for in this situation to fill the documentary gaps and silences through acts of experiment and imagination, and they may indeed have a redemptive effect by offering, in Hayden White’s terms, successful ‘emplotments’ of a traumatic past. One the other hand, this redemptive potential simultaneously poses a serious ethical challenge: As Theodor W. Adorno has warned with reference to the Holocaust, it is precisely by making ‘sense’ of human suffering, and by making accessible to the ‘senses’ what is utterly senseless and incomprehensible, that injustice may be done to the victims. In this paper, I will try to illustrate this problematic by looking at two recent films that have attempted to represent the horrors of the middle passage – Steven Spielberg’s canonical Amistad (a terrible failure, in my view, and Guy Deslauriers’ film The Middle Passage [Passage du Milieu]. Based on a script by the Martiniquean novelist and poet Patrick Chamoiseau, the latter example uses an aesthetic approach which may point at a way out of the dilemma outlined above.

  19. Minerals, lands, and geology for the common defence and general welfare, Volume 3, 1904-1939 : A history of geology in relation to the development of public-land, federal-science, and mapping policies and the development of mineral resources in the United States from the 25th to the 60th year of the U.S. Geological Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabbitt, Mary C.

    1986-01-01

    Mrs. Rabbitt's third volume covers the years 1904 to 1939, from the beginning of the conservation movement under Theodore Roosevelt to the beginning of World War II. From a national perspective, these were years of great development and change in the use of energy, trouble in the coal industry, and a great expansion in the oil industry. They were also years in which the public perceived for the first time that the Nation's mineral resources are not infinite, and the mineral industry realized its dependence on international trade. In these years, water became an increasingly valuable commodity, and the need for a national mapping program became abundantly evident. These were also the years when the Federal Government for the most part practiced stringent economy in funding science, but State and municipal agencies increasingly sought the services of the Survey's topographic and water specialists to aid in the solution of local problems. The balance maintained between fundamental and practical research during the first 25 years was more than once upset during the next 25 years, but the successful struggle to maintain a significant level of research laid the groundwork for the tremendous expansion in the Survey in the subsequent years.

  20. [Medicine, music, friendship and prejudices: Billroth I and Billroth II, the string quartets Opus 51, N° 1 and N° 2 by Johannes Brahms].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabello, Felipe C

    2012-06-01

    The great German surgeon Theodor Billroth and the imaginative and creative composer Johannes Brahms had a very close friendship centered on musical activities, that lasted for more than thirty years while they lived and worked in Zurich and Vienna, during the second half of the Nineteenth Century. Billroth, besides his all-consuming medical activities, had time to be a musical enthusiast who directed orchestras, played the violin in chamber music groups, and wrote musical criticism for newspapers. The common affection between these two creative giants is documented by their abundant and effusive correspondence, by the constant requests by Brahms of Billroth's opinions regarding his compositions, and by the positive and stimulating answers that Billroth gave to these requests. Billroth opened his house for musical evenings to play Brahms chamber compositions for the first time, and Brahms dedicated his two Opus 51 string quartets Nos. 1 and 2, known in the musical milieu as Billroth I and II, to his physician friend. Unfortunately, the close bonds between these two geniuses weakened towards the end of their lives as a result of Billroth's becoming intolerant to the lack of social refinements and gruff behavior of the composer. This baffling intolerance of Billroth to his friend Brahms can be better understood after reading Billroth's writings in his book The Medical Sciences in the German Universities. A Study in the History of Civilization. There Billroth expresses strong prejudices against potential medical students of humble social origins, such as those of Brahms, coupled to a primitive anti-Semitism.

  1. Hacia una estética de las nuevas tecnologías como proyecto educativo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Sebastián López

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo parte de la descripción de un cambio de época en curso, analiza - do en los niveles del orden social, la cultura, la comunicación y las tecnologías. De ahí se extraen una serie de retos a los que se enfrenta cualquier proyecto de educación contemporáneo. En este marco problémico, se examinarán algunos puntos fundamentales de la teoría estética de Theodor Adorno. Lo que se intenta proponer es una concepción de la estética asumida como mediación conceptual de la experiencia del sujeto con su entorno. Este será el primer paso para consolidar un proyecto educativo que resuelva uno de sus retos más urgentes: reducir la brecha entre el desarrollo tecnológico y sus correspondientes mediaciones culturales.

  2. Phlebotomine Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Iran and their Role on Leishmania Transmission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaghoobi-Ershadi, Mr

    2012-01-01

    Sand fly research has a long history in Iran beginning with the work of Adler, Theodor and Lourie in 1930 and followed by Mesghali's foundational taxonomic work on sand flies in 1943. Since then, research has been continued unabated throughout the country and official publications report the existence of at least 44 species of sand flies (26 of the genus Phlebotomus and 18 of genus Sergentomyia) in Iran. So far, seven Phlebotomus species and one Sergentomyia species have been collected and described by Iranian researchers for the first time. Natural promastigote infections have been repeatedly found in 13 species of sand flies and modern molecular techniques are used routinely to characterize Leishmania parasite isolates from endemic areas of cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis. Because of anthropogenic environmental modifications or human population movements, data on phlebotomine sand flies should be regularly updated and verified at least every five years by fieldwork and taxonomy in foci of leishmaniasis, to incriminate vector species of relevance to the ecology of transmission and to support development and implementation of control programs.

  3. Entomological study of sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) in Asalouyeh, the heartland of an Iranian petrochemical industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alipour, Hamzeh; Darabi, Hossien; Dabbaghmanesh, Tahere; Bonyani, Mehdi

    2014-05-01

    TO INVESTIGATE THE FAUNA AND SEASONAL ACTIVITY OF DIFFERENT SPECIES OF SAND FLIES (DIPTERA: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) in Asalouyeh, the heartland of an Iranian petrochemical industry, Southern Iran, as a oil rich district. Sand flies are the vectors of at least three different kinds of disease, the most important of which is leishmaniasis, and it is a major public health problem in Iran with increased annual occurrence of clinical episodes. A total of 3 497 sand flies of rural regions were collected by sticky traps fixed, and cleared in puris medium and identified morphologically, twice a month from April to March 2008. Predominant species included four of genus Phlebotomus (Phlebotomus alexandri Sinton, 1928, Phlebotomus papatasi Scopoli, 1910, Phlebotomus bergeroti Parrot and Phlebotomus sergenti Parrot) and one of genus Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia tiberiadis Alder, Theodor & Lourie, 1930). The most prevalent species was Phlebotomus papatasi, presented 56.4% of the identified flies. The others were Phlebotomus sergenti (22.5%), Phlebotomus alexandri (4.5%), Phlebotomus bergeroti (12%) and Sergentomyia tiberiadis (5%) as well. The percentage of females (68%) was more than that of males (32%). The abundance of sand flies represented two peaks of activity; one in early May and the other one in the first half of September in the region. Phlebotomus papatasi is the probable vector of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in the region. Further molecular studies are needed to determine the definite vector of the region.

  4. TOURISM COMPANIES AND THE FALS PORTRAIT GIVEN BY CREATIVE ACCOUNTING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARGARETA PENEOAȘU

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Theodore Roosevelt expressed so well the need and effectiveness of natural resources “To waste, to destroy our natural resources, to skin and exhaust the land instead of using it so as to increase its usefulness, will result in undermining in the days of our children the very prosperity which we ought by right to hand down to them amplified and developed” in parallel with his statement that "Human beings are unique in that they can learn from others' experience, but also through its refusal to make use of this capacity". Some companies use the knowledge of professional accountants to manipulate figures contained in the annual accounts, without paying attention to detect when "creativity” exceeds the limits imposed by law. Sometimes, professional accountants are convinced on the one hand by incompetent managers, and on the other hand if the business downturn of the need for improvements in the figures in the annual accounts. When asking why a company with the object of catering and tourism would resort to the practice of using creative accounting, the answer is clear from the application of the trends in the field and from the differences that emerged from the accounting procedures used by companies and the moment they are adopted

  5. A lógica de ação social da Ferrari: Esporte, Consumo e Paixão na Scuderia do Cavallino Rampante

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Duarte Oliveira Venancio

    2015-12-01

    ADORNO, Theodor W. & HORKHEIMER, Max. Dialética do Esclarecimento (trad. Guido Antonio de Almeida. Rio de Janeiro: Jorge Zahar Editor, 1985. AUSTIN, J. L. How to do Things with Words. Cambridge: HUP, 1975. BUCCI, Eugênio & VENANCIO, Rafael. D. O. "O Valor de Gozo: um conceito para a crítica da indústria do imaginário".  Matrizes. Ano 8. Nº 1. São Paulo: PPGCOM-ECA-USP, 2014. HABERMAS, Jürgen. Mudança Estrutural da Esfera Pública (trad. Flávio R. Kothe. Rio de Janeiro: Tempo Brasileiro, 1984. HABERMAS, Jürgen. The Theory of Communicative Action (dois vol.. Boston: Beacon, 1989. HABERMAS, Jürgen. "Progresso técnico e mundo social da vida". In: HABERMAS, Jürgen. Técnica e ciência como "ideologia" (trad. Artur Morão. Lisboa: Ed. 70, 2001a. HABERMAS, Jürgen. "Técnica e ciência como ‘ideologia'". In: HABERMAS, Jürgen. Técnica e ciência como "ideologia" (trad.

  6. [Japanese publications in German language (1886-1941)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, D

    2012-08-01

    Publications in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland by Japanese authors are hitherto noticed insufficiently. We have made an evaluation of ophthalmological journals in the German language. Four hundred and twenty-five original publications in German language by Japanese authors in the preiod from 1886 to 1941 were evaluated. The publications appeared most frequently in "Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde" with 196 and in "Graefe's Archiv für Ophthalmologie" with 137 original works, less frequently in "Archiv für Augenheilkunde" with 55 and in "Zeitschrift für Augenheilkunde" and "Ophthalmologica" with 15 publications each; in the journal "Centralblatt für praktische Augenheilkunde" 14 and in "Beiträgen zur Augenheilkunde" 8 original articles had been published. Review articles and congress reports of the Japanese Ophthalmological Society were also published in "Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde". Visits in Japan by Julius Hirschberg (1892) und Theodor Axenfeld (1930) intensified contacts between German-speaking Japanese ophthalmologists. Y. Koyanagi (Sendai) published 46 excellent works. We also found many important publications by T. Inouye (Tokyo), J. Komoto (Tokyo), S. Miyashita (Tokyo), B. Nakamura (Osaka), Ch. Oguchi (Tokyo), S. Suganuma (Tokyo), Y. Sugita (Nagoya) und H. Yamaguchi (Tokyo). We point to many important publications by Japanese ophthalmologists who had contacts to German, Austrian and Swiss colleagues mainly in the first half of the last century. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  7. Fundamentos y carencias de los estudios culturales: una revisión teórico-crítica del ámbito

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Luengo Cruz

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio revisa los presupuestos teóricos de los estudios culturales y el área de la cultura popular en Gran Bretaña a partir de 1950. Esta esfera de lo popular fue definida por la sociedad de masas mediado el siglo XX, y por quienes como Theodor W. Adorno y Max Horkheimer teorizaron sobre la cultura que le es propia. Los artistas modernos y sus críticos abrieron entonces una brecha insalvable entre el arte y los objetos comerciales de dicha cultura. El primero se reservó la esfera del saber y del arte, mientras que los segundos pasaban a engrosar la esfera del mercado social. La noción moderna de cultura de masas estableció el precedente de las consideraciones del británico Raymond Williams y de los estudios culturales posteriores a él. La corriente británica trató de superar esta comprensión moderna de la cultura.

  8. Interfering with Capitalism's Spell: Peter McLaren's Revolutionary Liminality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Day Fassbinder

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available McLaren’s recent (post-2000 writings promote a form of agency called “revolutionary critical pedagogy,” and a type of agent, the “committed intellectual” (McLaren 2005b, p. 253-281. But one can find an earlier agent-type in McLaren’s (1986 Schooling as a Ritual Performance, the “liminal servant,” that explains how “critical pedagogy is secured by the most fecund of revolutionary talismans, critique” (2005a: 9. Borrowing from Theodor Adorno (1968, I suggest that McLaren’s recent writing uses aspects of the “liminal servant” for the purpose of interfering with the “spell” of capitalist social relations through “revolutionary critical pedagogy.” The beginning prologue examines “revolutionary liminality” in McLaren’s writing; the second part explains how his written discursive strategies (naming the culprit, suggesting icons, theorizing to unite the disaffected work to act out “revolutionary liminality.”

  9. Unknown facets of Well-Known Scientists Series - Part II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V S Dixit

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available 1st in the series of articles on “Unknown Facets of well-known Scientists” was about Sir Frederick Grant Banting, co-discoverer of Insulin, who also researched in Aviation and Diving Medicines, results of which brought extraordinary benefits for Flight crew during the World War II. The article was published in the previous issue of the Journal Unknown facets could be celebrated attributes, talents or otherwise, but it is necessary that we get to know fully about the “great mind". THIS ARTICLE IS ABOUT DR WERNER THEODOR OTTO FORSSMANN, A CARDIOLOGIST, WHO BECAME A UROLOGIST! Does the name Dr Forssmann ring a bell? He shared the 1956 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with “Andre Cournand and Dickinson Richards". The trio was awarded for their “discoveries concerning heart catheterization and pathological changes in the circulatory system". Dr Forssmann was nominated for performing an experiment in which he introduced a catheter into a vein of his arm, further passing it onward into his heart It was risky. This was in the year 1929. Subject of this article is the self-experimentation he carried out and what happened later.

  10. Early educator-supervised student rocketry: The galcit rocket research project, 1936-1939. A tribute to Frank J. Malina

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, George S.; Winter, Frank H.

    Dr. Frank J. Malina, (1912-1981) is best known to members of the International Astronautical Federation and the International Academy of Astronautics for his deep commitment to, and active involvement in, both organizations; to his associates at UNESCO for his leadership in organizing the UNESCO Division of Scientific Research; to members of the art world for his kinetic paintings and editorship of the journal Leonardo; and to aerospace historians for his co-founding, with Dr. Theodore von Karman (1881-1963), of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory with its World War II development of rocket takeoff assist units for aircraft and, after WWII, America's first production sounding rocket, the WAC Corporal. However, Frank Malina has received little recognition from aerospace educators for his equally pioneering efforts on their behalf. This paper highlights Dr. Malina's efforts not only as an early participant in educator-supported student rocketry but also in helping establishing some of the guiding principles of this field of science motivation. As Dr. Malina noted in 1968, upon becoming one of the founding members of the Supervision of Youth Research Experiments (SYRE) subcommittee of the IAF's Education Committee, the fundamental safety and educational ground rules of: (A) qualified supervision, (B) proper safety facilities, and (C) professionally designed equipment, conceived almost fifty years ago, are equally valid to today's supervised youth rocketry space-related experiment educational programs.

  11. Tiere im Text. Hundedarstellungen in der deutschsprachigen Literatur des frühen 20. Jahrhunderts im Spannungsfeld von ›Human-Animal Studies‹ und Erzählforschung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans-Joachim Jakob

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Die enorme Prosperität der Human-Animal Studies im letzten Jahrzehnt mündet häufig in die frustrierte Klage über die Un­­über­­­schau­­­bar­­­keit eines For­schungs­­ge­biets, an dem ganz unter­­schied­­liche Wis­sen­­schafts­­zweige be­tei­ligt sind. Der vorliegende Beitrag stützt sich auf die langen Tradi­tionen der Literatur- und Kultur­wissen­schaft bei der Erforschung von Tier-Bildern in Texten und visuellen Medien und plädiert dafür, ins­be­son­dere nar­ra­to­lo­gische Ins­tru­men­ta­rien für zu­künf­tige In­ves­ti­ga­tio­nen zu nut­zen. Als Be­ispie­l­feld dient das Hunde-Nar­ra­tiv, zur Spra­che kom­men exem­pla­rische Texte von Theodor Fontane, Thomas Mann, Franz Kafka und Robert Walser.

  12. Energy and human welfare: a critical analysis. Volume I. The social costs of power production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Commoner, B.; Boksenbaum, H.; Corr, M.

    1975-01-01

    Statements are presented of the Board of Directors of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Committee on Environmental Alterations. Following the Preface by Barry Commoner, eighteen papers are presented: Thermal Pollution and Its Control by Christopher T. Hill; Biologic Effects of Air Pollution by Robert Frank; Acid Rain by Gene E. Likens, F. Herbert Bormann, and Noye M. Johnson; Environmental Consequences of Extracting Coal by Michael Fortune; Reclamation of Strip Mine Spoil Banks in Wyoming by Morton May, Robert Lang, Leandro Lujan, Peter Jacoby, and Wesley Thompson; Oil Spills by Max Blumer, Howard L. Sanders, J. Fred Grassle, and George R. Hampson; Nuclear Power: Its Promise and Its Problems by Milton Shaw; Radioactivity from Fossil-Fuel and Nuclear Power Plants by J. E. Martin, E. D. Harward, D. T. Oakley, J. M. Smith, and P. H. Bedrosion; A Reevaluation of Reactor Safety by Daniel F. Ford; Management of Radioactive Wastes from the Use of Nuclear Fuel by George Berg; Storage of High Level Radioactive Wastes by William W. Hambleton; Plutonium and Public Health by Donald P. Geesaman; Radiation: The Invisible Casualties by John W. Gofman and Arthur R. Tamplin; The Need for National and International Systems to Provide Physical Security for Fissionable Materials by Theodore B. Taylor; and Nuclear Electric Power by Sheldon Novick

  13. Icons of Just Is: Justice, Suffering, and the Artwork of Samuel Bak

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gary A. Phillips

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines select paintings by Holocaust survivor and painter Samuel Bak from his recent Just Is series. The essay explores ways Bak’s art bears witness to suffering. He creatively interrogates and reanimates the iconic figure of Lady Justice and the biblical principle of the lex talionis (“eye for an eye” in order to fashion alternative icons fit for an age of atrocity and loss. Bak’s artwork gives visual expression to Theodor Adorno’s view of the precariousness of art after Auschwitz. It is art’s responsibility to attend to the burden of real suffering experiences (the burden of the empirical and to think in contradictions, which renders art both adequate and inadequate in standing up against the injustice of other’s suffering. Through inventive juxtaposition of secular and sacred symbols, Bak displays the paradox of representation after the Holocaust and art’s precarious responsibility giving voice to suffering. Bak fashions visual spaces in which barbarity and beauty coincide and collide. He invites viewers into this space and into dialogue about justice’s standing and promises. Do Bak's remade icons of Just Is lament a permanent loss of justice and peace, or do they point tentatively to possibilities of life lived in a damaged world with an alternative Just Is? Bak’s artwork prompts such vexing questions for his viewers to contemplate and leaves them to decide what must be done.

  14. Special Workshop of Marie Curie Fellows on Research and Training in Physics and Technology

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loiez

    2002-01-01

    Photo 0210006_07a: Prof. L. Maiani, Director General of CERN. Addressing the Marie Curie Worshop held at CERN 3-4 October 2002. Title of this talk:"Function of Large-scale Facilities and Centres of Excellence". Photo 0210006_14a: Prof. L. Maiani, Director General of CERN. Addressing the Marie Curie Worshop held at CERN 3-4 October 2002. Title of this talk:"Function of Large-scale Facilities and Centres of Excellence". Photo 0210006_22: Dr. David Plane (CERN) introducing Dr. Theodore Papazoglou from the European Commission. Addressing the Marie Curie Worshop held at CERN 3-4 October 2002. Title of this talk:"Marie Curie Fellowships in the 6th Framework Programme". Photo 0210006_28a: Dr. Nora Brambilla, Vice-President of Marie Curie Fellow Association, INFN and Dept. of Physics, University of Milan. Addressing the Marie-Curie Worshop held at CERN 3-4 October 2002. Title of this talk:"Marie Curie Fellows Association". Photo 0210006_29a: Dr. Nora Brambilla, Vice-President of Marie Curie Fellow Association, INFN a...

  15. High-Power Lasers for Science and Society

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Siders, C. W. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Haefner, C. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2016-10-05

    Since the first demonstration of the laser in 1960 by Theodore Maiman at Hughes Research Laboratories, the principal defining characteristic of lasers has been their ability to focus unprecedented powers of light in space, time, and frequency. High-power lasers have, over the ensuing five and a half decades, illuminated entirely new fields of scientific endeavor as well as made a profound impact on society. While the United States pioneered lasers and their early applications, we have been eclipsed in the past decade by highly effective national and international networks in both Europe and Asia, which have effectively focused their energies, efforts, and resources to achieve greater scientific and societal impact. This white paper calls for strategic investment which, by striking an appropriate balance between distributing our precious national funds and establishing centers of excellence, will ensure a broad pipeline of people and transformative ideas connecting our world-leading universities, defining flagship facilities stewarded by our national laboratories, and driving innovation across industry, to fully exploit the potential of high-power lasers.

  16. THE APOSTOLES OF INTERGALACTIC RELIGIOCITY. MOTIF OF SPACE CONTACT IN NEW HOLLYWOOD CINEMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastian Jakub Konefal

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available American science fiction cinema of the 1970s began To employ eclectically presented references to eclectic views on religious topics. Films directed by artists such as Steven Spielberg and George Lucas offered viewers the stories influenced by the Christian and Buddhist symbolism as well as selected theses of the New Age Movements. The authors wanted to create in their productions new religiousness patterns, derived from the writings of some leading figures of the counterculture, such as Herbert Marcuse, Charles Reich, and Theodore Roszak. For this purpose they processed some storylines from science fiction novels and mass culture. This strategy was continued in the 1980s and first half of the 1990s, however the productions from this period showed a radicalization of the educational-ideological context which was associated with the conservative policy of the USA during this period. The end of the 1990s and the first decade of the twenty-first century is a period of erosion the New Age optimism of science fiction cinema. The growing popularity of plots with catastrophic and dystopian visions of the future indicates that religious topic in contemporary cinema fulfills different functions.

  17. Comparative Evaluation of Anthelmintic Activity of Edible and Ornamental Pomegranate Ethanolic Extracts against Schistosoma mansoni

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doaa A. Yones

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to the development of praziquantel (PZQ schistosomes resistant strains, the discovery of new antischistosomal agents is of high priority in research. This work reported the in vitro and in vivo effects of the edible and ornamental pomegranate extracts against Schistosoma mansoni. Leaves and stem bark ethanolic extracts of both dried pomegranates were prepared at 100, 300, and 500 μg/mL for in vitro and 600 and 800 mg/kg for in vivo. Adult worms Schistosoma mansoni in RPMI-1640 medium for in vitro and S. mansoni infected mice for in vivo tests were obtained from Theodor Bilharz Research Institute, Cairo, Egypt. In vitro activity was manifested by significant coupled worms separation, reduction of motor activity, lethality, and ultrastructural tegumental alterations in adult worms. In vivo activity was manifested revealed by significant reduction of hepatic granulomas number and diameter, decreased number of bilharzial eggs in liver tissues, lowered liver inflammatory infiltration, decreased hepatic fibrosis, and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS expression. Ethanolic stem bark extract of edible pomegranate exhibited highest antischistosomal activities both in vitro and in vivo. Therefore, pomegranate showed a good potential to be used as a promising new candidate for the development of new schistosomicidal agents.

  18. Comparative Evaluation of Anthelmintic Activity of Edible and Ornamental Pomegranate Ethanolic Extracts against Schistosoma mansoni

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badary, Dalia M.; Sayed, Hesham M. B.; Bayoumi, Soad A. H.; Khalifa, Azza A.; El-Moghazy, Ahmed M.

    2016-01-01

    Due to the development of praziquantel (PZQ) schistosomes resistant strains, the discovery of new antischistosomal agents is of high priority in research. This work reported the in vitro and in vivo effects of the edible and ornamental pomegranate extracts against Schistosoma mansoni. Leaves and stem bark ethanolic extracts of both dried pomegranates were prepared at 100, 300, and 500 μg/mL for in vitro and 600 and 800 mg/kg for in vivo. Adult worms Schistosoma mansoni in RPMI-1640 medium for in vitro and S. mansoni infected mice for in vivo tests were obtained from Theodor Bilharz Research Institute, Cairo, Egypt. In vitro activity was manifested by significant coupled worms separation, reduction of motor activity, lethality, and ultrastructural tegumental alterations in adult worms. In vivo activity was manifested revealed by significant reduction of hepatic granulomas number and diameter, decreased number of bilharzial eggs in liver tissues, lowered liver inflammatory infiltration, decreased hepatic fibrosis, and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression. Ethanolic stem bark extract of edible pomegranate exhibited highest antischistosomal activities both in vitro and in vivo. Therefore, pomegranate showed a good potential to be used as a promising new candidate for the development of new schistosomicidal agents. PMID:27990425

  19. 1st Lunar International Laboratory (LIL) Symposium Research in Geosciences and Astronomy : Organized by the International Academy of Astronautics at the XVIth International Astronautical Congress Athens, 16 September, 1965 and Dedicated to the Twentieth Anniversary of UNESCO

    CERN Document Server

    1966-01-01

    The Lunar International Laboratory (LIL) project of the International Academy of Astronautics was begun upon the proposal of the editor at the First Special Meeting of the Academy at Stockholm on 16 August 1960. The late THEODORE VON KARMAN, first President of the Academy, appointed the following members of the LIL Committee: Prof. N. BoNEFF (Bulgaria), Prof. M. FLoRKIN (Belgium), Mr. A. G. HALEY (U. S. A. ), Prof. Sir BERNARD LovELL (U. K. ) (Vice­ Chairman), Prof. L. MALAVARD (France), Dr. F. J. MALINA (U. S. A. ) (Chairman), Prof. H. 0BERTH (German Federal Republic), Dr. W. H. PicKERING (U. S. A. ), Prof. E. SANGER (German Federal Republic), Prof. L. I. SEDOV (U. S. S. R. ), Prof. L. SPITZER, JR. (U. S. A. ), Dr. H. STRUGHOLD (U. S. A. ), Prof. H. C. UREY (U. S. A. ) and himself. Since 1960 the following additional members were appointed to the Committee: Mr. A. C. CLARKE (U. K. ), Prof. A. DoLLFUS (France), Prof. Z. KoPAL (U. K. ), Dr. S. F. SINGER (U. S. A. ), Prof. N. M. SISSAKIAN (U. S. S. R. ) and Pr...

  20. Auguste Baillayre et ses éleves européens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stavilă

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Known in the ambiance of the Romanian art of the interwar period as one of the most talented painters, Auguste Baillayre also asserted himself as an excellent professor. His pedagogical activity has known, from the very start, brilliant achievements. Having received European studies, those over 30 students in his studio, whom Auguste Baillayre remembers in 1961, did not return to Bessarabia. Olesi Hršanovschi-Beassley (Olga Olby, Lydia Luzanovsky, Gregoire Michonze, Antoine Irisse and Joseph Bronstein studied in Paris, Felix Roitman, Helen Barlo and Natalia Bragalia – in Brussels, Elisabeth Ivanovsky, Nina Jascinsky and Nicolae Coleadici in Amsterdam. Theodor Kiriacoff worked in Romania, in Iasi and then in Bucharest, where Helen Barlo and Natalia Bragalia return after studying in France, Gheorghe Ceglocoff comes from Dresden and Galina Ceaşcenco creates her works in Prague. These are all remarkable plastic artists who affirmed themselves outside the Bessarabian borders. Their studies at the art academies „La Grand Chaumière”, „École Nationale Supérieure des Arts Décoratifs”, „Académie Julian”, „Académie Ranson” in Paris, „Académie Royale de Beaux-Arts” in Brussels, and „Académie de Beaux-Arts” in Dresden have demonstrated the professional level of Auguste Baillayre’s disciples.

  1. DA BARBÁRIE À EMERGÊNCIA DE UMA CULTURA DE PAZ E DE NÃO-VIOLÊNCIA ATRAVÉS DA EDUCAÇÃO

    OpenAIRE

    Samir Araujo Casseb

    2015-01-01

    Este  artigo  trata de  reflexões  sobre  a possibilidade de uma  educação  construtora de uma  cultura  de  paz  em meio  à  barbárie  característica  de  nossa  contemporaneidade. Em  um  primeiro  momento,  discorremos  sobre  o  diagnóstico  da  sociedade contemporânea  a  partir  de  teóricos  da  Escola  de  Frankfurt,  Max  Horkheimer  e Theodor Adorno,  ambos preocupados  com o paradoxo do  avanço da  racionalidade instrumental  e  da  regressão  ética. Em  seguida,  relacionamos  fil...

  2. Explorando a autoria de hipertexto por meio de um processo e de uma ferramenta para a retextualização digital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antônio Robson de Paula

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available O termo hipertexto foi introduzido por Theodore Nelson em 1965 e, desde então, houve muitos avanços tecnológicos que popularizaram a navegação em hipertextos. Apesar disso, o processo de produção de hipertextos com múltiplas perspectivas de leitura é ainda objeto de estudos pela comunidade de pesquisadores da área, que apresenta demandas ainda não atendidas. Uma delas é a facilitação para a produção de hipertextos a partir de conteúdos existentes na forma de textos tradicionais, lineares. Este trabalho apresenta uma revisão das pesquisas relacionadas à produção de hipertextos e propõe um processo de retextualização digital para a construção de hipertextos a partir de um texto linear. Adicionalmente, é proposta uma ferramenta de autoria de hipertextos inspirada nesse processo. Um exemplo de aplicação do processo e do uso da ferramenta ilustra a viabilidade de construção de hipertextos segundo essa abordagem.

  3. Reassessing Jacob Strauss and the Mosaic Code

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    Joel McDurmon

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article reviewed claims made by modern scholars Ford Lewis Battles, G.H. Williams, and Theodore Tappert concerning the views of Jacob Strauss (1480–1530, court preacher at Eisenach, particularly in regard to the imposition of Mosaic Law upon the civil realm. Most pointedly, Battles claims Strauss proposed to replace European civil law completely with the ‘entire Mosaic code’. This study examined Strauss’s relevant writings to determine his position on Mosaic Law and civil law and demonstrated that the claims of Battles, Williams, and Tappert were not supported by the primary source evidence. Selections from Strauss’ 51 theses on usury are translated into English for the first time. To a much lesser degree, this study addressed the issue in regard to the Weimar court preacher Wolfgang Stein, against whom the same claims were made. A paucity of evidence rendered those claims dubious in his case. In the end we were left only with unsubstantiated second-hand claims against these men.

  4. Vooruitgang en ondergang: historiese dialektiek in twee tekste van Hans Magnus Enzensberger

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    J.P.C. van den Berg

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Progress and decline: historical dialect in two texts by Hans Magnus Enzensberger The interpretation of history as a process of dialectical development has been one of the most important ideas of Marxist philosophy. Whereas earlier Marxists optimistically considered this process as steering inevitably towards a sociopolitical utopia, subsequent thinkers in the Marxist tradition, especially those identified as Neo-Marxists (like Theodor Adorno, had a more pessimistic interpretation of dialectics. Influenced especially by Adorno, German poet and social commentator Hans Magnus Enzensberger uses the concept of “historical dialectics” as a seminal theme in two of his literary works: “Mausoleum: siebenunddreißig Balladen aus der Geschichte des Fortschritts” and “Der Untergang der Titanic”. In these two texts the representation of the ambiguity of “Fortschritt” or historical development presupposes a more pessimistic account of the historical process. This ambiguity is present both in a bird’s-eye view of the historical process (“Mausoleum”, and in the focus on one specific historical incident (“Der Untergang der Titanic”. Enzensberger subsequently continues to consider the role of art within this dialectical context. In this article, both Enzensberger’s literary use of the philosophical concept of historical dialectics and its artistic implications (as identified by him are examined.

  5. Millon´s Personality Model and ischemic cardiovascular acute episodes: Profiles of risk in a decision tree

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    María M. Richard's

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available La identificación de subgrupos de riesgo permite a los psicólogos clínicos desarrollar intervenciones específicas para esos subgrupos. El principal propósito de este trabajo fue encontrar asociaciones estadísticas entre características de personalidad -rasgos y trastornos- y la existencia de episodios isquémicos cardiovasculares agudos según el modelo de personalidad de Theodore Millon. Los análisis del presente estudio se fundamentaron en una muestra de 313 mujeres y hombres entre 31 y 80 años de edad, divididos en dos grupos: un grupo clínico formado por 143 participantes internados a causa de episodios isquémicos cardiovasculares agudos y un grupo control constituido por 170 personas sin antecedentes de enfermedades cardiovasculares. Los resultados mostraron cuatro perfiles de riesgo de personalidad asociados con la existencia de episodios isquémicos agudos y, por tanto, esto posibilita a los psicólogos clínicos el diseño de intervenciones específicas para aquellos subgrupos.

  6. Book Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kragh, Helge

    2015-11-01

    Ever since the days of William Blake there has been an underground resistance against the soulless yet triumphant science and its unholy alliance with money, technology and political power. With the nearly undisputed hegemony that science and technological innovation has attained in the post-World War II era, this kind of resistance has resulted in numerous books and articles that in different ways warn against the dark sides of science and the socio-economic system that nourishes a science in degeneration. Classical examples include Herbert Marcuse's One-Dimensional Man (1964), Jacques Ellul's The Technological Society (1965), Theodore Roszak's The Making of a Counter Culture (1968), and Paul Feyerabend's Science in a Free Society (1978). A fair part of the literature written by sociologists and philosophers is not only critical to trends in modern science, but tends to or is overtly anti-science. The book under review belongs in some respects to this heterogeneous literary tradition, but Twilight of the Scientific Age is primarily directed against the institutional system of science and its associated ideology and not against science itself. Indeed, the author is himself a practicing scientist, an astrophysicist, and he emphasizes several times that he firmly believes in science, even that he loves it. He is not a "stupid cultural relativist," he asserts (p. 11), but a critical freethinker independent of dogmatic beliefs.

  7. Nova ideologia alemã? A teoria social envenenada de Niklas Luhmann

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    Laurindo Dias Minhoto

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO O artigo discute possibilidades para a apreensão crítica de certos elementos da teoria dos sistemas elaborada por Niklas Luhmann. Argumenta-se que a leitura desse modelo teórico nos termos de uma atualização sociológica sofisticada das patologias da modernidade se encontra em tensão com a promessa involuntária de mediação recíproca entre sistema e ambiente que não operaria nem à base de colonizações, nem à base de tautologias cegas, num movimento análogo ao pensado por Theodor W. Adorno para a dialética negativa entre sujeito e objeto. Essa promessa requereria outras condições sociais para que pudesse se realizar plenamente e essa coexistência difícil entre descrição e norma, alta plausibilidade e implausibilidade descritivas responderia pela potência crítica da teoria. Por fim, indica-se um caminho para o uso em negativo da teoria dos sistemas como modelo crítico - um marcador de tendências de desdiferenciação funcional que se articulam à racionalidade econômica imperialista do neoliberalismo, em especial, à tendência para a formação de distintas "indústrias" em diferentes âmbitos da vida social contemporânea.

  8. Singing as a Therapeutic Agent, inThe Etude, 1891-1949.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunter

    1999-01-01

    The Etude music magazine, founded by Theodore Presser, was one of a number of popular music magazines published in the years prior to the establishment of the music therapy profession in 1950. During its publication run from 1883 to 1957, over 100 music therapy related articles appeared, including 13 on the health benefits of singing published between 1891 and 1949. Written by authors with diverse backgrounds, such as the famous Battle Creek, Michigan physician John Harvey Kellogg and Boston music critic Louis C. Elson, the articles contained consistent and adamant support regarding the health benefits of singing. The advantages described were both physical and psychological, and were recommended prophylactically for well persons and therapeutically for ill persons. Although the articles varied in perspective, from philosophical to theoretical to pedagogical, there is a consistent holistic medicine theme that appeared almost ahead of its time and no doubt linked to the push for vocal music education in that era. The importance of The Etude in promulgating ideas that helped shape the early practice of music therapy should not be underestimated. For much of its publication run The Etude was the largest music periodical in print, reaching its peak circulation of 250,000 copies per month in 1924.

  9. A history of plant biotechnology: from the Cell Theory of Schleiden and Schwann to biotech crops.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasil, Indra K

    2008-09-01

    Plant biotechnology is founded on the principles of cellular totipotency and genetic transformation, which can be traced back to the Cell Theory of Matthias Jakob Schleiden and Theodor Schwann, and the discovery of genetic transformation in bacteria by Frederick Griffith, respectively. On the 25th anniversary of the genetic transformation of plants, this review provides a historical account of the evolution of the theoretical concepts and experimental strategies that led to the production and commercialization of biotech (transformed or transgenic) plants expressing many useful genes, and emphasizes the beneficial effects of plant biotechnology on food security, human health, the environment, and conservation of biodiversity. In so doing, it celebrates and pays tribute to the contributions of scores of scientists who laid the foundation of modern plant biotechnology by their bold and unconventional thinking and experimentation. It highlights also the many important lessons to be learnt from the fascinating history of plant biotechnology, the significance of history in science teaching and research, and warns against the danger of the growing trends of ignoring history and historical illiteracy.

  10. Wisdom of the martians of science in their own words with commentaries

    CERN Document Server

    Hargittai, Balazs

    2016-01-01

    Wisdom of the Martians of Science refers to five scientists whose brilliance contributed to shaping the modern world. John von Neumann was a pioneer of the modern computer; Theodore von Kármán was the scientist behind the US Air Force; Leo Szilard initiated the development of nuclear weapons; the Nobel laureate Eugene P Wigner was the world's first nuclear engineer; and Edward Teller was the father of the hydrogen bomb. They were born and raised in Budapest, were forced out of Hungary and then from Germany, they became Americans, and devoted themselves to the defense of the United States and the Free World. They contributed significant discoveries to fundamental science ranging from the properties of materials to the application of the symmetry principle in physics, to creating information theory, to game theory. The areas in which we can learn about their wisdom include applications of science to past, present and future real-world needs; defense; education; environment; human nature; humor; politics; rel...

  11. Tras los pasos del Cine en Ecuador: la producción nacional y políticas de apoyo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Violeta Yalilé Loaiza Ruiz

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Con el presente trabajo reflexionamos sobre el estado actual del cine ecuatoriano, la incidencia que en él tiene la actual Ley del Cine y la participación del Consejo Nacional del Cine en su financiación. Partimos de una historia del cine, desde sus comienzos en el último cuarto del siglo XIX, con las primeras filmaciones de Theodor Wolf, hasta la actualidad. Analizaremos las causas de las preferencias de los espectadores, la dicotomía entre cine documental y ficcional, a través de las más importantes películas realizadas en el país y su incidencia internacional. Para ello hemos utilizado la entrevista a tres de sus más importantes protagonistas/actores, Wilma Granda, Alex Schlenker y Santiago Carpio, para conocer su opinión del cine en Ecuador. El cine ecuatoriano sigue evolucionando pese a los obstáculos políticos y económicos que existentes y la fuerte competencia del cine extranjero, fundamentalmente de los Estados Unidos.

  12. As peças para televisão de Samuel Beckett: meios de produção, gêneros literários e teoria crítica.

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    Luciano Gatti

    Full Text Available RESUMO O artigo formula algumas hipóteses para a análise da obra tardia de Samuel Beckett, particularmente as peças para televisão, produzidas pela Süddeutscher Rundfunk - SDR (hoje: Südwestrundfunk - SWR, sob direção do autor, entre 1966 e 1986: Eh Joe , Geistertrio , ..nur noch Gewölk... , Quadrat I + II , Nacht und Träume e Was Wo 1. Sugere-se a abordagem das peças por meio de duas questões - o desenvolvimento tecnológico dos meios de produção e a historicidade dos gêneros artísticos - que teriam suas referências teóricas na reflexão estética de Theodor W. Adorno e Walter Benjamin. Segundo essa perspectiva, as peças para televisão retomam o questionamento das convenções dos gêneros literários, iniciado por Beckett nos trabalhos em prosa e nas peças teatrais, ao desenvolver um novo meio de produção artístico junto à televisão pública alemã.

  13. Body, Mind and Spirit—Philosophical Reflections for Researching Education about the Holocaust

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    Katalin Eszter Morgan

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available This reflective essay draws a sketch of the theoretical and philosophical foundations in preparation for conducting a research project that investigates how German school learners deal with the memories of Shoah survivors. The essay explores some communication challenges and opportunities presented by the use of the double linguistic medium—German and English. The central philosophical argument is that there is a conceptual conflation of and confusion around the word Geist (spirit/mind, and that the difference between the spirit and the mind needs to be explored and clarified. For this purpose Hegel’s thoughts on the spirit are considered and related to theories of memory. Also, Theodor Lessing’s reflections on the origins of hatred are touched upon, which he traces back to the splitting of the spirit from the mind. How the body, mind and spirit work together is highlighted with a biographical example of a descendant of a Nazi perpetrator. By way of conclusion, the philosophical and methodological implications for researching education about the Shoah are briefly discussed.

  14. A "fisiognomia" do livro no estudo psicológico da leitura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Dadico

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Buscamos, por meio deste trabalho, investigar de que maneira o livro como meio institui certos modos de ler no ciclo atual de produção e reprodução literária. A parte empírica desta pesquisa incluiu entrevistas com dez leitores brasileiros, que escolheram livros para ler e nos contaram sobre suas leituras. As entrevistas, semiabertas, foram registradas com um gravador e analisadas durante a elaboração deste trabalho. Pelas imagens expressas pelos leitores durante estas entrevistas, e fazendo uso de um método fisiognômico, inspirado em estudos desenvolvidos por Theodor Adorno, identificamos como categorias imanentes do livro: a a ilusão de proximidade; b a conservação temporal; c a ubiquidade relativa; d a semipadronização; e e a unidade portabilidade-fluidez. A relação entre leitor e livro, atravessada por essas categorias, tende a promover a fome de ler e a leitura distraída como modos de leitura característicos.

  15. Dialectic of the university: a critique of instrumental reason in graduate nursing education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrovskaya, Olga; McDonald, Carol; McIntyre, Marjorie

    2011-10-01

    Our analysis in this paper unfolds on two levels: a critique of the 'realities' of graduate nursing education and an argument to sustain its 'ideals'. We open for discussion an aspect of graduate nursing education dominated by instrumental reason, namely the research industry, using an internal critique approach developed by Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno of the Early Frankfurt School. As we explain, internal critique arises out of, and relies on, the mismatch between goals, or 'ideals', and existing realities. Thinking about 'ideals' of the academy, we draw on Hans-Georg Gadamer's view of the university as a place to think freely, creatively, and critically. The contemporary realities of the university, on the other hand, that emphasize the market values of the research industry forcefully shape nursing academic scholarship in a particular direction. In our attempt to recognize and disrupt the forces of the research industry with its instrumental reason, we consider Judith Butler's writings on how norms operate in society. We show that our growing involvement in the research industry makes it very difficult to disentangle ourselves from that situation. The values of the research industry actually suppress the very ideals of education and scholarship that we would like to uphold. As a contra-force, the internal critique of the 'existing realities' in the graduate nursing education unmasks the tyranny of the research industry and makes visible the importance of sustaining the higher goals and ideals in nursing scholarship. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  16. „Uthopia – The Castle with Dreams and Hopes”

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    Dan Popescu

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Can social order bring happiness to individuals? The affirmative answer to the question, that one to invent a world where conflicts and inequality be abolished and people reconciliated has always meant to be the great project of the utopians. An ideal fortress and most often a totalitarian one. Now, the term “utopian” is mostly within the polemic register often “denouncing” the artificial nature of a regime, which promises, without having a real basis, the artificial nature of some activities, of some measures of the same type. To interpret the “ideal fortress” in this way means to brutally banish the dreams of people, their aspirations. We are not only flesh and blood made but made of the ideal, feelings too and they have to come first mostly. Therefore, “the utopia” can be a useful element of report in examining, splitting and the refinement of the passing tendencies of the human being in order to get the ideal nearer to the possible as much as possible. A positive valence. With such social controversies and clarifications at the same time, are we entitled to have absolute, definitive judgements? Then we have tried to bring out only the beauty of the dream with its “overdose” of getting out of reality and we have let definitive judgements to belong to reality forever. Therefore we had in mind Thomas More, le Campanella, le Etienne Corbet, la Morelly, le Saint Simon, Robert Owen, Charles Fourier and Theodor Diamant.

  17. Neovascularization in Purtscher's retinopathy

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    Chan A

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Annie Chan, Douglas R Fredrick, Theodore Leng Department of Ophthalmology, Byers Eye Institute at Stanford University, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA Abstract: We report a case of neovascularization secondary to Purtscher's retinopathy that showed minimal improvement with photocoagulation treatment. A 14-year-old boy with a history of cerebellar medulloblastoma presented with blurry vision and floaters after being struck by a motor vehicle while riding his bike. At presentation, visual acuity was 20/400 in his right eye and counting fingers in his left eye. Fundus examination showed disk edema, retinal whitening, and retinal hemorrhages in both eyes. Optical coherence tomography demonstrated thinning of the temporal retina and disruption of the inner segment–outer segment junction of the photoreceptor layer in the right eye and thickening and edema of the nasal macula, as well as a central foveal hyper-reflectivity, in the left eye. At the initial visit, there was no ischemia or neovascularization (NV. One month later, the patient developed NV of the disk and ischemia in the mid-periphery of the left eye. The patient underwent treatment with pan-retinal photocoagulation. The NV regressed, but visual outcome remained poor at his 5-month follow-up visit. Keywords: Purtscher's retinopathy, neovascularization, laser photocoagulation, disk edema

  18. Cine club

    CERN Multimedia

    Cine club

    2016-01-01

    Wednesday 21 September 2016 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber The Phantom Carriage   Directed by Victor Sjöström Sweden, 1921, 93 minutes The story is based on an old Swedish folk tale which states that the last man to die just before the stroke of midnight on New Year's Eve is doomed to drive the Phantom Carriage for the following year collecting all of the spirits of the dead. When David Holm proves to be that man, he learns of the selfish life he has led and how it has impacted on people around him. Original version Swedish; English subtitles Wednesday 28 September 2016 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber Vampyr   Directed by Carl Theodor Dreyer Germany / France, 1932, 75 minutes Traveler Allan Grey arrives in the village of Courtempierre and takes lodgings in a small inn. Grey has a great interest in the supernatural, particularly vampires. He's barely settled in when he feels a sinister force descending upon him. In the night an old man enters his room to te...

  19. Rise, fall and resurrection of chromosome territories: a historical perspective. Part I. The rise of chromosome territories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T Cremer

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available It is now generally accepted that chromosomes in the cell nucleus are organized in distinct domains, first called chromosome territories in 1909 by the great cytologist Theodor Boveri. Yet, even today chromosomes have remained enigmatic individuals, whose structures, arrangements and functions in cycling and post-mitotic cells still need to be explored in full detail. Whereas numerous recent reviews describe present evidence for a dynamic architecture of chromosome territories and discuss the potential significance within the functional compartmentalization of the nucleus, a comprehensive historical account of this important concept of nuclear organization was lacking so far. Here, we describe the early rise of chromosome territories within the context of the discovery of chromosomes and their fundamental role in heredity, covering a period from the 1870th to the early 20th century (part I, this volume. In part II (next volume we review the abandonment of the chromosome territory concept during the 1950th to 1980th and the compelling evidence, which led to its resurrection during the 1970th to 1980th.

  20. O desamparo dos adolescentes pobres na cidade de Maringá

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Maria Pires Caniato

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Na contemporaneidade os vínculos interpessoais mostram-se mais frouxos, o consumismo se intensifica e a violência é incorporada de modo cada vez mais hostil, especialmente com relação aos adolescentes pobres. À luz da Psicopolítica (Freud e Theodor Adorno, foi feito um levantamento bibliográfico para obter maior compreensão das ideologias que perpassam tais acontecimentos e das suas interferências na intensificação da apatia, do preconceito e do desamparo. Essas diferentes expressões da violência fragilizam a identidade subjetiva dos adolescentes de classes socioeconômicas desfavorecidas da cidade de Maringá - PR. Nesse cenário social, esses adolescentes pobres introjetam tais atributos sociais de malignidade e periculosidade e não conseguem se apropriar de uma reflexão crítica - consequentemente, exibem um funcionamento egoico fragilizado. Esse artigo está vinculado ao Projeto Pesquisa Intervenção “PHENIX: A Ousadia do Renascimento do Indivíduo-Sujeito – Fase III”, que sustenta essa compreensão e orienta uma proposta de cooperação junto a estes adolescentes.

  1. Dos artículos de Rietveld Comprensión. Nuevo Funcionalismo en la Arquitectura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editor Cuaderno de Notas

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available Los siguientes dos artículos de Rietveld (1888-1964 fueron publicados por primera vez en la revista i10 en 1928 y en De Vrije Bladen en 1932 respectivamente. Esta es su primera traducción al castellano, para lo que se ha partido de sus correspondientes traducciones inglesas; "Inzicht" (comprensión, en el libro de Theodore M.. Brown, The Work of G. Rietveld architect, Utrecht 1958, y "Nieuwe zakelijkheid in de Nederlandsche architectuur" (Nueva objetividad en la arquitectura holandesa, en la monografía-catálogo, Gerrit Rietveld 1888-1964. The complet works, Central Museum, Utrecht, 1992. En cuanto al último, de bastante mayor extensión, contaba originariamente con ilustraciones de obras de JA.Brinkman y L.C. van der Vlugt, A. Bodón, J. Duiker, J.J.P. Oud y Le Corbusier como único arquitecto extranjero representado, aparte de las de sus propio trabajo.

  2. Antiproliferative, Antibacterial and Antifungal Activity of the Lichen Xanthoria parietina and Its Secondary Metabolite Parietin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Basile

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Lichens are valuable natural resources used for centuries throughout the world as medicine, food, fodder, perfume, spices and dyes, as well as for other miscellaneous purposes. This study investigates the antiproliferative, antibacterial and antifungal activity of the acetone extract of the lichen Xanthoria parietina (Linnaeus Theodor Fries and its major secondary metabolite, parietin. The extract and parietin were tested for antimicrobial activity against nine American Type Culture Collection standard and clinically isolated bacterial strains, and three fungal strains. Both showed strong antibacterial activity against all bacterial strains and matched clinical isolates, particularly against Staphylococcus aureus from standard and clinical sources. Among the fungi tested, Rhizoctonia solani was the most sensitive. The antiproliferative effects of the extract and parietin were also investigated in human breast cancer cells. The extract inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis, both effects being accompanied by modulation of expression of cell cycle regulating genes such as p16, p27, cyclin D1 and cyclin A. It also mediated apoptosis by activating extrinsic and intrinsic cell death pathways, modulating Tumor Necrosis Factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL and B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2, and inducing Bcl-2-associated agonist of cell death (BAD phosphorylation. Our results indicate that Xanthoria parietina is a major potential source of antimicrobial and anticancer substances.

  3. The european literature between indian fable religious and defrauded Buddha

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arilson Silva Oliveira

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The objective here is to present that, in most of Europe, in the medieval and modern periods, the imaginary impressions of Indian fables and the religious life of Buddha, which had already existed for almost two thousand years before in Greece, became recurring. All of the medieval novels, for example, with their heroic knights, as well as modern fables, have a significant mark, rather plagiarism, of popular or classical Indian literature. In fact, as we methodologically base ourselves in the history of ideas, we find that India was (with his magical imaginary the faraway and literary source of the tales, the fables, the romances of chivalry etc., which gave much charm to medieval European times. This is confirmed by Theodor Benfey, one of the translators of the Pañcatantra, our main Indian fable exposed here, who pronounced the dictum, in 1859, that most of the world's fables, which were produced in the West, had originated in magical world of India, of which a small number had actually arrived in Europe as oral stories even before the tenth century.

  4. Illusionists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.J Wade

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Illusions have been displayed in art for millennia but they were not addressed seriously by visual science until the mid-nineteenth century when Johann Joseph Oppel referred to the small spatial distortions as ‘geometrical optical illusions’. Many of the illusion figures described thereafter bear the names of those who illustrated them. Original forms of the illusions were shown together with illusory portrayals of those who described them. These included (in chronological sequence: Jan Evangelista Purkyně, Louis Albert Necker, Michel Eugène Chevreul, Adolf Fick, Johann Karl Friedrich Zöllner, Johann Christian Poggendorff, Karl Ewald Konstantin Hering, August Kundt, Joseph-Rémi-Léopold Delbæuf, Ernst Mach, Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand Helmholtz, Ludimar Hermann, Wilhelm von Bezold, Henri Beaunis, Franz Carl Müller-Lyer, Theodor Lipps, Armand Thiéry, Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt, Hugo Münsterberg, Friedrich Schumann, Hermann Ebbinghaus, Edward Bradford Titchener, Joseph Jastrow, James Fraser, Mario Ponzo, Edgar Rubin, Matthew Luckiesh, Friedrich Sander, Walter Ehrenstein, Adelbert Ames, Richard Gregory, Gaetano Kanizsa, Michael White, Roger Shepard, and Bernd Lingelbach.

  5. Surgery and national identity in late nineteenth-century Vienna

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buklijas, Tatjana

    2008-01-01

    For historians of medicine, the professor Theodor Billroth of the University of Vienna was the leading European surgeon of late nineteenth century and the personification of intervention by organ or body part removal. For social and political historians, he was a German nationalist whose book on medical education heralded the rise of anti-Semitism in the Austrian public sphere. This article brings together and critically reassesses these two hitherto separate accounts to show how, in a period of dramatic social and political change, Viennese surgery split into two camps. One, headed by Billroth, was characterized by an alliance with the German educational model, German nationalism leading to racial anti-Semitism and an experimental approach to the construction of surgical procedure, which heavily relied on the methods of pathological physiology. The other, which followed a long Austrian tradition, stood for a clinically-oriented and strictly organized medical education that catered to an ethnically and socially diverse population and, simultaneously, for an anatomically oriented surgery, largely of the locomotor apparatus. This study shows how, in a major centre of medical education and capital of a multiethnic empire, surgical and national identities were forged together. PMID:18053931

  6. Estéticas da diversão nos "mortos-vivos" contemporâneos

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    Marília Etienne Arreguy

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente ensaio visa refletir sobre a diversão com uma estética da violência nos cult moviese alguns de seus efeitos na subjetividade contemporânea. Toma por base o referencial psicanalítico cotejado com a perspectiva crítica de Theodor Adorno. O texto utiliza o conceito de diversãocomo fonte de crítica à indústria cultural, no intuito de demonstrar o modo em que certa estética da violência produz uma espécie de sublimação passiva e alienante em boa parte dos sujeitos, que passam a representar, sobretudo do ponto de vista político, uma espécie de "mortos-vivos", ou seja, de zumbis impotentes, como atestam as análises de Slavoj Žižek. O filme Funny games[Violência gratuita] de Michael Haneke ilustra essa análise.

  7. Στρατός και κοινωνία στο ύστερο Βυζάντιο: το μεταρρυθμιστικό πρόγραμμα του Γεωργίου Πλήθωνα Γεμιστού

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    Eυστρατία ΣΥΓΚΕΛΛΟΥ

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Army and Society in Late Byzantium: the reform program of George Plethon Gemistos     In the early 15th century the Byzantine state was surrounded by the Ottomans, whereas the Peloponnese was the last defensive stronghold of the Byzantines in the Greek area. There, the need of defense became a major social issue and provided matter for discussion about the institutional and social function of the army. Plethon’ s proposals for the establishment of local professional army, as formulated in his  texts addressed to the emperor Manuel II Palaeologus and the despot Theodore are associated with the social and economic reformation of the region and reflect the general need for the political reorganization of the Byzantine Empire. This paper examines Gemistos’ reform program regarding the military and political-economic conditions of the era. The thoughts of the philosopher of Mystras on the Byzantine army, which have occupied scientific research from time to time, re-evaluated in order to emphasize the role of the army in the society of the late Byzantine period. The latter remains as powerful as necessary in the contest of a revived Byzantine state.    

  8. Schubert and Beethoven - Adorno’s early antipods of the music in bougeois epoch

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    Jeremić-Molnar Dragana

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article the authors are reconstructing the dichotomies which the young Theodor Adorno was trying to detect in the music of the bourgeois epoch and personify in two antipodes - Franz Schubert and Ludwig van Beethoven. Although already a devotee of Arnold Schönberg and the 20th century music avantgardism, Adorno was, in his works prior to his exile from Germany (1934, intensively dealing with Schubert and his opposition towards Beethoven. While Beethoven was a bold and progressive revolutionary, fascinated by the “practical reason” and the mission to rise up and reach the stars, Schubert wanted none of it (almost anticipating the failure of the whole revolutionary project. Instead, he was looking backwards, to primordial nature and the possibility of man to participate in its mythic cycles of death and regeneration. The lack of synthesis between this two opposing tendencies in the music of early bourgeois epoch lead to the “negative dialectics” of Schönberg and 20th century music avantgardism and to the final separation of Beethovenian musical progress and Schubertian musical mimesis. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 177019: Identiteti srpske muzike u svetskom kulturnom kontekstu, i br. 179035: Izazovi nove društvene integracije u Srbiji - koncepti i akteri

  9. Adorno, Obama, and Empire: Reflections on the U.S. Presidential Election and the Next President

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    Lukas Kaelin

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available As tempting as it might be, politics is a difficult field for philosophers.Well known are Plato’s and Heidegger’s attempt to influence the political developments of their time, which went badly wrong. Much safer is it to provide an interpretation of current political events, which is the aim of this paper. The paper attempts to philosophically assess the recent U.S. presidential race and to look at some aspects of the underlying beliefs of Barack Obama that aided him in his campaign. The philosophical framework used in order to interpret the political events are mainly from the Critical Theory of Theodor W. Adorno and the neo-Marxist approach of Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri. Further observations will concentrate on the logic and attraction of the electoral process and the dialectical logic of Sarah Palin’s statements. The first part will discuss the form of U.S. electoral politics, especially the perpetual campaign, whereas the second part will put the policiesof the next U.S. president into a philosophical context.

  10. Desconstruir para edificar: uma visão acerca da infância e uma proposta para sua compreensão através da chave da mudança

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    Laryssa Frezze e Silva

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho buscará refletir sobre o papel da educação na formação do indivíduo, considerando para isso o lugar da escola na sociedade atual, o que se espera dessa instituição e como ela pode vir a intervir na dinâmica social que vivemos. O artigo está dividido em três seções; primeiramente, discute-se acerca da necessidade de modificação do sistema educacional brasileiro, fato que já é tomado como inquestionável, mas cuja aplicabilidade é sempre posta em xeque. Usamos como fundamento idéias de Walter Benjamin, Theodor Adorno e Ligia Averbuck. Depois fala-se brevemente sobre o construtivismo e, por fim, há um estudo de comparação entre dois programas televisivos infantis veiculados pela TV Cultura em diferentes épocas, quais sejam “O Castelo Rá-tim-bum” e “O Quintal da Cultura”. O objetivo desse estudo é o de comparar as diferentes visões de infância que cada programa apresenta e, a partir disso, fazer um julgamento de valor.

  11. Cavalgando no dorso do tempo: a constituição da narrativa e o aspecto contemporâneo no romance de Mariana Lage

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    Isabella Banducci Amizo

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta uma reflexão sobre o livro No dorso do leão (2013, primeiro romance da escritora mineira Mariana Lage. A partir da problematização dos estudos de teóricos como Theodor Adorno e Walter Benjamin, assim como dos brasileiros Jaime Ginzburg e Silviano Santiago, entre outros, trata dos principais elementos presentes na obra referentes à constituição da narrativa na contemporaneidade.  A narrativa se desenvolve por meio de cartas e notas, as quais transmitem ideias e sentimentos das personagens, explorando a busca por uma identidade e um sentido para a existência, a fuga e a procura de si mesmo, o caos interior como reflexo do caótico com que se lida externamente. O artigo, atento a tais aspectos, procura refletir sobre a relação da obra com a produção literária contemporânea.

  12. A New Alphabet for the Cinema : the Tragic Irony of Napoléon (Abel Gance, 1927

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    Peter Verstraten

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In the present-day period, on the eve of destruction of analogue cinema, there seems to be a remarkable interest in the last gasps of silent film. Encouraged by this fascination, this article delves into an analysis of the highly formally innovative Napoléon, vu par Abel Gance (Abel Gance, 1927. This film will be discussed as an oblique variant within the relatively new genre of the historical reconstruction film in France. Addressing four paradoxes and an irony, the article will examine the tensions between Gance’s attempt to create a historical biopic and his ambition to delineate a new aesthetics of cinema. It will do so, among others, by contrasting Gance’s ideas of both the cinema as a visual Esperanto and as the ‘music of light’ with the theatrical trans-historicity of La Passion de Jeanne d’Arc (Carl-Theodor Dreyer, 1928, produced as a complement to Napoléon.

  13. Between Marxism and psychoanalysis: antifascism and antihomosexuality in the Frankfurt School.

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    Halle, R

    1995-01-01

    In their efforts to utilize individualist psychoanalysis as a tool for understanding mass behavior, the social theorists associated with the Frankfurt School increasingly came to rely on a static, essentializing construction of sexuality which ultimately led to an equation of fascism and homosexuality. Heretofore unexamined in studies of the Frankfurt School, this equation will here serve as the starting point for a fundamental critique of the concept of sexuality developed by this influential circle of Marxist thinkers. While directed at the concept of sexuality, such a critique more importantly opens up the underlying understanding of the social and psychological realms advanced by Critical Theory. Attending to the equation of homosexuality and fascism as the central point of concern, this essay will first trace the introduction of psychoanalysis into Critical Theory through Erich Fromm and then investigate the extent of Fromm's influence on the concept of sexuality propounded by his colleagues, especially Max Horkheimer and Theodor W. Adorno. Finally, it will take up a frequently overlooked essay by Herbert Marcuse which promoted a vision of sexuality radically different from that of his associates.

  14. Paths to Förster's resonance energy transfer (FRET) theory

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    Masters, B. R.

    2014-02-01

    Theodor Förster (1910-1974) developed a phenomenological theory of nonradiative resonance energy transfer which proved to be transformative in the fields of chemistry, biochemistry, and biology. This paper explores the experimental and the theoretical antecedents of Förster's theory of resonance energy transfer (FRET). Early studies of sensitized fluorescence, fluorescence depolarization, and photosynthesis demonstrated the phenomena of long-range energy transfer. At the same time physicists developed theoretical models which contained common physical mechanisms and parameters: oscillating dipoles as models for the atoms or molecules, dipole-dipole coupling for the interaction, and a distance R0 that is optimal for resonance energy transfer. Early theories predicted R0 that was too large as compared to experiments. Finally, in 1946 Förster developed a classical theory and in 1948 he developed a quantum mechanical theory; both theories predicted an inverse sixth power dependence of the rate of energy transfer and a R0 that agreed with experiments. This paper attempts to determine why Förster succeeded when the other theoreticians failed to develop the correct theory. The putative roles of interdisciplinary education and collaborative research are discussed. Furthermore, I explore the role of science journals and their specific audiences in the popularization of FRET to a broad interdisciplinary community.

  15. Von Kármán between Aachen and Pasadena

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    Krause, Egon; Kalkmann, Ulrich

    2013-05-01

    In the Introduction the reader is referred back to the academic ceremonials held after Theodore von Kármán's death in Aachen in May 1963. His work as the first director of the Aerodynamisches Institut (Institute of Aerodynamics) of the RWTH Aachen University of Technology from 1913 on and his initiative to re-establish international cooperation after World War I, resulting in the International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (IUTAM), are commented on. The following chapter describes von Kármán's relation to his former teacher Ludwig Prandtl. Some of von Kármán's scientific contributions during his time in Aachen are briefly reviewed. Thereafter, his first contacts to the California Institute of Technology are covered. Finally, the scientific and political circumstances, which led to von Kármán's decision to leave Germany in the early thirties, are elucidated in some detail. The English translation of the titles of the Aachen papers is given in Appendix I.

  16. Transendentale kritiek en negatiewe dialektiek: ’n vergelyking tussen Dooyeweerd en Adorno se samelewingskritiek

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    Johan Snyman

    1995-03-01

    Full Text Available Transcendental critique and negative dialectics: a comparison between Dooyeweerd’s and Adorno’s social critique. Plato's allegory of the cave set a fashion for philosophy, i.e. to distinguish between appearance and reality. This fashion is still distinguishable in the work of two philosophers whose social critiques, at a first glance, are worlds apart: Herman Dooyeweerd of the Free University in Amsterdam, and Theodor Adorno o f the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt. Upon a closer look, however, many similarities appear. Their diagnoses of Western society probes beneath the beguiling surface of scientific and technological progress to reveal serious tensions deeply embedded in Western culture. The question arises: how conscious are they of their own embeddedness in this cultural crisis? Dooyeweerd and Adorno are analysed on this issue, and the conclusion shows Dooyeweerd’s philosophy to suffer from an intellectual hybris, whereas Adorno’s is portrayed as burdened with a paralysing aestheticism. The result of this critical analysis of Dooyeweerd and Adorno is a suggestion to rehabilitate the tradition of Christian thinking as an ongoing debate between rival interpretations of the biblical message, which offers creative opportunities to respond to cultural crises and the suffering they entail.

  17. Fantasy under Duress: Connie Scozzaro’s Contrapposto Action Queen

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    Edward Luker

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article explores how Connie Scozzaro’s 'Contrapposto Action Queen (2013' repeatedly takes up two mystifications of femininity from classical mythology, Venus and Lamia, so as to subject them to critique. It takes the images of Venus and Lamia from the writing of two poets, Charles Algernon Swinburne and John Keats. These examples are shown to be epitomes of male poetic fantasy. Within Scozzaro’s collection these fantasies are dissected, undermined, or taken apart through exaggeration, ironization, and the use of tone. The book makes explicit that within patriarchal society, male fantasies are part of a social condition of gendered violence. Contra Brandon Brown’s argument that 'Contrapposto Action Queen' articulates the dialectic of the possible and the actual, this article articulates that for Scozzaro the possible is always conditioned by fantasy. It finishes by looking at Theodor Adorno’s essay ‘Lyric Poetry and Society’. Where Adorno states the lyric subject manifests itself with masculine ‘unrestrained individuation’, this fails to grasp how the lyric poem can utilize strategies of concealment to stress the consequences of the lyric subject’s gendering.

  18. Millon's Contributions to Preadolescent and Adolescent Personality Assessment: Searching Onward and Upward.

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    Tringone, Robert; Bockian, Neil

    2015-01-01

    Theodore Millon was one of the most influential personality theorists of the 20th century. His theory was originally rooted in biosocial learning models and later reconceptualized as an evolutionary model. This foundation of Millon's work encompasses the entire life span. He had a genuine concern for humankind, especially children. His theory encompasses a comprehensive understanding of the relationship among childhood experiences, parenting styles, and recurring events throughout the life span in shaping the personality. Notable contributions to child and adolescent assessment are the Millon Adolescent Personality Inventory (Millon, Green, & Meagher, 1982 ), the Millon Adolescent Clinical Inventory (Millon, Millon, & Davis, 1993 ), and the Millon Pre-Adolescent Clinical Inventory (M-PACI; Millon, Tringone, Millon, & Grossman, 2005 ). Given Millon's influence on the personality disorders section of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), the aforementioned instruments have personality constructs tied to familiar DSM categories, and among them, cover the age range of 9 to 18 years old. His development of the Millon Inventories revolutionized personality assessment in the United States and abroad. Millon's legacies will live on through his works and through the respect and compassion he demonstrated toward others.

  19. Rise, fall and resurrection of chromosome territories: a historical perspective. Part II. Fall and resurrection of chromosome territories during the 1950s to 1980s. Part III. Chromosome territories and the functional nuclear architecture: experiments and models from the 1990s to the present.

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    Cremer, T; Cremer, C

    2006-01-01

    Part II of this historical review on the progress of nuclear architecture studies points out why the original hypothesis of chromosome territories from Carl Rabl and Theodor Boveri (described in part I) was abandoned during the 1950s and finally proven by compelling evidence forwarded by laser-uv-microbeam studies and in situ hybridization experiments. Part II also includes a section on the development of advanced light microscopic techniques breaking the classical Abbe limit written for readers with little knowledge about the present state of the theory of light microscopic resolution. These developments have made it possible to perform 3D distance measurements between genes or other specifically stained, nuclear structures with high precision at the nanometer scale. Moreover, it has become possible to record full images from fluorescent structures and perform quantitative measurements of their shapes and volumes at a level of resolution that until recently could only be achieved by electron microscopy. In part III we review the development of experiments and models of nuclear architecture since the 1990s. Emphasis is laid on the still strongly conflicting views about the basic principles of higher order chromatin organization. A concluding section explains what needs to be done to resolve these conflicts and to come closer to the final goal of all studies of the nuclear architecture, namely to understand the implications of nuclear architecture for nuclear functions.

  20. Esistere, ossia viaggiare. La visione metaforica della vita in Non c’è dolcezza di Anilda Ibrahimi

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    Karol Karp

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Live and travel. The metaphorical vision of life in the novel Non c’è dolcezza by Anilda Ibrahimi The essay, divided into two parts, aims to investigate the motif of journey in the novel Non c’è dolcezza by Anilda Ibrahimi, a migrant author of Albanian origin. The journey is considered mainly as a metaphor for the existence of the characters, who often seem to be puppets completely controlled by fate. These characters “travel” both together (Lila, Eleni and individually (Arlind, Andrea in order to determine their identity, realize the dreams which would let them feel happy and forget the problems faced in their everyday lives. Analysis shows that happiness is often impossible because human life is full of negative factors which provoke an existential failure; the message transmitted by Ibrahimi is very pessimistic. The theoretical basis of the article is constituted by the works of such scholars as Theodor Adorno, Giorgio Agamben, Henri Bergson, Roland Barthes, Sigmund Freud, Leszek Kołakowski, Julia Kristeva and Paul Ricoeur.