WorldWideScience

Sample records for automotive industry

  1. Automotive Industry in Malaysia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wad, Peter; Govindaraju, V.G.R. Chandran

    2011-01-01

    This paper explains the evolution and assesses the development of the Malaysian automotive industry within the premise of infant industry and trade protection framework as well as extended arguments of infant industry using a global value chain perspective. The Malaysian automotive industry...

  2. Supplier Selection in the Thai Automotive Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Nopprach, Somsupa

    2006-01-01

    This paper uses agglomeration theory to analyze the impact of Thai government policies on the development of the Thai automotive industry and cluster formation in Central and Eastern Thailand. Using cross-section data on 162 auto-parts suppliers from the Thailand Automotive Directory 2003-2004, the paper examines the criteria of supplier selection in the Thai automotive industry. Using logit models and cross-section data on 162 auto-parts suppliers from the Thailand Automotive Directory 2003-...

  3. SITUATION IN RUSSIAN AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY AND AUTOMOTIVE MARKET IN CRISIS

    OpenAIRE

    Starkova, Nadezhda; Tolstova, Alisa; Ubogova, Ekaterina

    2015-01-01

    Todays situation of Russian automotive industry and automotive market has been analyzed. Main factors influencing for their position have been revealed, short-term forecast of development has been presented. Directions for stabilization of situation in production and sales of cars in Russia have been formulated.

  4. Applications of thin coatings in automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Louda

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Use of thin coatings in automotive industry give economic and ecological savings. This is evoke by reducing of weight of used construction elements and currently by increasing of their service life and with that connected elevating of nanomaterials manufacture qualities.Design/methodology/approach: In the paper was disscussed the possibility of applications of thin coating in automotive industry.Findings: The paper shows the examples of thin coatings application in automotive industry.Practical implications: Through the assimilation, improvement, and generation of new technologies, the coating community, as a major supplier to the very large automotive industry, will continue to thrive, grow, and maintain its environmental stewardship in the global marketplace.Originality/value: Applications of thin coatings in automotive industry is and with nanotechnology together will be in centre of interest of automotive industry in near future.

  5. Applications of thin coatings in automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    P. Louda

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: Use of thin coatings in automotive industry give economic and ecological savings. This is evoke by reducing of weight of used construction elements and currently by increasing of their service life and with that connected elevating of nanomaterials manufacture qualities.Design/methodology/approach: In the paper was disscussed the possibility of applications of thin coating in automotive industry.Findings: The paper shows the examples of thin coatings application in automotive industr...

  6. Comparative Advantage in the Asian Automotive Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Somsupa Nopprach

    2010-01-01

    This paper seeks to analyze determinants of Asian countries' comparative advantage in the automotive industry. The effects of supporting industries, factor availability, factor intensity, transportation costs, and of the scale of foreign investment in the industry on the level of countries' comparative advantage are on focus. The results highlight the importance of strong supporting industries in raising a country's comparative advantage in the automotive industry. Furthermore, it is found th...

  7. Operationalising luxury in the premium automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    Bridle, Bernadette

    2010-01-01

    This thesis presents an Action Research project investigating the use of customers’ perceptions of premium and luxury cars within the premium automotive industry. The research was sponsored by Jaguar Land Rover (JLR), a UK-based automotive manufacturer. An inductive, phenomenological approach was adopted in which JLR’s Premiumness Research Programme (PRP) was used as a case study to build an understanding of the consumer’s perception of luxury, to discover how to communic...

  8. GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES IN AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NICOLETA ISAC

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The automotive sector is characterised by a relatively low trade/salesratio. While the production of most automotive producers in the world is spread over variouscountries in the value chain, the brands are still considered to reflect some national identity.Internationalisation strategies may change over the lifecycle of the product and automakerstend to pursue diametrically opposed strategies. In mature markets, it is about managing whatgoes on beneath a static surface; in emerging markets’ dynamic environments, companies muststrategically position themselves to benefit from growth opportunities. However, without theright strategy and execution in mature markets, it is clear that traditional OEMs cannot profitfrom emerging markets-the persistence of structural issues in mature market operationseventually will rob all but the most resilient competitors of the opportunity to compete inemerging markets.

  9. Nanotechnology impact on the automotive industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Kaufui V; Paddon, Patrick A

    2014-01-01

    Nanotechnology has been implemented widely in the automotive industry. This technology is particularly useful in coatings, fabrics, structural materials, fluids, lubricants, tires, and preliminary applications in smart glass/windows and video display systems. A special sub-class of improved materials, alternative energy, has also seen a boost from advances in nanotechnology, and continues to be an active research area. A correlation exists in the automotive industry between the areas with increased nanotechnology incorporation and those with increased profit margins via improvements and customer demands. PMID:25360613

  10. Brazilian automotive industry in the nineties

    OpenAIRE

    Cecchini, Kerlyng; Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins; GEOFFREY J.D. HEWINGS; Chokri, Dridi

    2007-01-01

    This paper aims to carry out an analysis of fuzzy clusters in the Brazilian automotive industry to contribute to the analysis of the relative importance of these economic activities in the national productive structure and in their regional contexts. The intention is to assess whether, once they have been established in the structure of a determined region, the economic activities of the industry establish productive relationships similar to other industries to the point of leading an indust...

  11. The Prospect of Mass Customisation in the Chinese Automotive Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Dong, Xihan

    2011-01-01

    The automotive industry is one of the largest manufacturing industries and the development of a country’s automotive industry can represent its economy to some extent. Because of the fierce competition in the automotive industry, customers have more choices and they cannot be satisfied with standard products any more. Therefore, some global automotive manufacturers implement mass customisation as their production strategy which aims to provide customised automobiles according to customers’ re...

  12. Best Practices in School-to-Careers: The Automotive Industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Employer Leadership Council, Washington, DC.

    This document highlights the school-to-careers (STC) partnerships connecting workplace experiences to classroom learning to prepare students for successful employment in the automotive industry. First, the current state of the automotive industry is reviewed and the role of STC in addressing automotive service needs is explained. Next, the…

  13. Lightweight Steel Solutions for Automotive Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hong Woo; Kim, Gyosung; Park, Sung Ho

    2010-06-01

    Recently, improvement in fuel efficiency and safety has become the biggest issue in worldwide automotive industry. Although the regulation of environment and safety has been tightened up more and more, the majority of vehicle bodies are still manufactured from stamped steel components. This means that the optimized steel solutions enable to demonstrate its ability to reduce body weight with high crashworthiness performance instead of expensive light weight materials such as Al, Mg and composites. To provide the innovative steel solutions for automotive industry, POSCO has developed AHSS and its application technologies, which is directly connected to EVI activities. EVI is a technical cooperation program with customer covering all stages of new car project from design to mass production. Integrated light weight solutions through new forming technologies such as TWB, hydroforming and HPF are continuously developed and provided for EVI activities. This paper will discuss the detailed status of these technologies especially light weight steel solutions based on innovative technologies.

  14. Lightweight Steel Solutions for Automotive Industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recently, improvement in fuel efficiency and safety has become the biggest issue in worldwide automotive industry. Although the regulation of environment and safety has been tightened up more and more, the majority of vehicle bodies are still manufactured from stamped steel components. This means that the optimized steel solutions enable to demonstrate its ability to reduce body weight with high crashworthiness performance instead of expensive light weight materials such as Al, Mg and composites. To provide the innovative steel solutions for automotive industry, POSCO has developed AHSS and its application technologies, which is directly connected to EVI activities. EVI is a technical cooperation program with customer covering all stages of new car project from design to mass production. Integrated light weight solutions through new forming technologies such as TWB, hydroforming and HPF are continuously developed and provided for EVI activities. This paper will discuss the detailed status of these technologies especially light weight steel solutions based on innovative technologies.

  15. Advanced high strength steels for automotive industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The car industry is facing pressure because of the growing demand for more fuel-efficient passenger cars. In order to limit energy consumption and air pollution the weight of the car body has to be reduced. At the same time, high levels of safety have to be guaranteed. In this situation, the choice of material becomes a key decision in car design. As a response to the requirements of the automotive sector, high strength steels and advanced high strength steels have been developed by the steel industry. These modern steel grades offer an excellent balance of low cost, light weight and mechanical properties. (Author) 48 refs.

  16. Offshoring trends in the manufacturing process within the automotive industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simplay, S.; Hansen, Zaza Nadja Lee

    2014-01-01

    This paper investigates offshoring trends in the automotive industry. The research approach consisted of combining empirical findings from case companies with latest research from the field. Empirical data was collected through case studies from 15 automotive organisations based in Europe...... consisting of original equipment manufacturers and engineering service providers. The findings indicated some offshoring trends in the automotive industry. Offshoring in this industry is moving from a manufacturing focus to incorporate large parts of the process, including high-level product development...... with a focus on offshoring in the automotive industry and provides practitioners with information on a cutting-edge trend to the industry...

  17. POTENTIAL USE OF MAGNESIUM ALLOYS FOR THE AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kudret KANDEMİR

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Recently, there is a high interest in using lightweight materials for automotive applications where weight reduction and improvement in comfort are needed. Magnesium alloys with excellent specific strength and stiffness properties can be comparable with steel and aluminum alloys for applications in the automotive industry. For this reason, the properties of magnesium alloys are in the focus of research. This study aims at reviewing and evaluating the prospects of magnesium alloys use and applications in the automotive industry.

  18. Integrated Vehicle Health Management in the Automotive Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Holland, Steven

    2010-01-01

    The time has come to port integrated vehicle health management concepts originally pioneered in aerospace and other domains into the automotive industry. ï‚· The successful automotive manufacturer must remain highly customer-focused to ensure delivery of high value at an affordable price. ï‚· IVHM success will require partnering between the automotive manufacturer, its suppliers, as well as external technology providers located in private industry, academia and governmental labs ...on a globa...

  19. Technology Transfer in the Global Automotive Value Chain. Lessons from the Turkish Automotive Industry

    OpenAIRE

    M. Teoman Pamukçu; Alper Sönmez

    2011-01-01

    The automotive industry is one of the main contributors to value added, employment and exports of the Turkish economy and it has undergone major changes since the mid-nineties. Most of the automotive manufacturers in Turkey are either joint ventures or wholly-owned affiliates of multinational companies. Literature on global value chains point to the possibility of technology transfer occurring through backward linkages from automotive manufacturers to their suppliers. We test for the existenc...

  20. Determining organic pollutants in automotive industry sludge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munaretto, Juliana S; Wonghon, Audrey L; von Mühlen, Carin

    2012-12-01

    In Brazil, the policy for disposing industrial sludge is changing from an emphasis on using controlled landfills to other treatment or co-processing methods; however, the monitoring of organic pollutants is not mandatory. The present study evaluated two general screening methods for organic pollutants in sludge generated in an automotive industrial complex in southern Brazil. The screening was performed using Soxhlet and sonication extractions and Gas Chromatograph coupled with Quadrupole Mass Spectrometry (GC/qMS). It was concluded that both techniques were effective and that most of the compounds identified were alkanes, phenols and esters. Important pollutants were detected in the sludge, which confirms the necessity of monitoring this type of residue. PMID:23007373

  1. CRM Implementation in the Automotive Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Öner, Dila; Xhemali, Lorena

    2009-01-01

    Date:                  2009-05-27 Level:                 Master Thesis in International Business and Entrepreneurship, 15 ECTS Institution:        School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology, Mälardalen University   Title:                  The Implementation of Customer Relationship Management (CRM) in the Automotive Industry   Supervisor:       Peter Ekman Research           Exploiting the stages of CRM implementation and looking into the obstacles faced Issue:               ...

  2. MICROALLOYED STEELS FOR THE AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Debanshu Bhattacharya

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Two major drivers for the use of newer steels in the automotive industry are fuel efficiency and increased safety performance. Fuel efficiency is mainly a function of weight of steel parts, which in turn, is controlled by gauge and design. Safety is determined by the energy absorbing capacity of the steel used to make the part. All of these factors are incentives for the U.S. automakers to use both Highly Formable and Advanced High Strength Steels (AHSS to replace the conventional steels used to manufacture automotive parts in the past. AHSS is a general term used to describe various families of steels. The most common AHSS is the dual-phase steel that consists of a ferrite-martensite microstructure. These steels are characterized by high strength, good ductility, low tensile to yield strength ratio and high bake hardenability. Another class of AHSS is the complex-phase or multi-phase steel which has a complex microstructure consisting of various phase constituents and a high yield to tensile strength ratio. Transformation Induced Plasticity (TRIP steels is another class of AHSS steels finding interest among the U.S. automakers. These steels consist of a ferrite-bainite microstructure with significant amount of retained austenite phase and show the highest combination of strength and elongation, so far, among the AHSS in use. High level of energy absorbing capacity combined with a sustained level of high n value up to the limit of uniform elongation as well as high bake hardenability make these steels particularly attractive for safety critical parts and parts needing complex forming. A relatively new class of AHSS is the Quenching and Partitioning (Q&P steels. These steels seem to offer higher ductility than the dual-phase steels of similar strengths or similar ductility as the TRIP steels at higher strengths. Finally, martensitic steels with very high strengths are also in use for certain parts. The most recent initiative in the area of AHSS

  3. Analyzing competitiveness of automotive industry through cumulative belief degrees

    OpenAIRE

    Kabak, Özgür; Ülengin, Füsun; Önsel, Şule; Özaydin, Özay; Aktaş, Emel

    2012-01-01

    Copyright @ 2012 The European Mathematical Society This study aims to analyze the automotive industry from competitiveness perspective using a novel cumulative belief degrees (CBD) approach. For this purpose, a mathematical model based on CBD is proposed to quantify the relations among the variables in a system. This model is used to analyze the Turkish Automotive Industry through scenario analysis. This research is supported by SEDEFED (Federation of Industrial Associations), REF (TÜSİ...

  4. THE AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY IN A NEW TEHNOLOGICAL ERA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona Catalina ALBULESCU

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The business world is changing at an impressive speed: the global financial crisis, challenging markets, technology and talent crisis have a major impact on business. The last century can be associated with the triumph of the automobile industry. At the beginning of the 21st century the automotive industry has experienced one of the largest shifts in the automotive history. The new CO2 regulations on global level have determined the automotove industry to adopt new and original technologies faster than anticipated. The emerging tendency of car sharing in larger cities added to the media information related to the negative environmental effects of car mobility generate concerns that customers were seeking a replacement to the traditional, individual car ownership. The automotive industry will face challenging years ahead taking into consideration the shifting paradigm in auto-mobility. In this context, this article aims to provide a general perspective of the tendencies in the automotive sector.

  5. Remanufacturing in automotive industry: Challenges and limitations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulina Golinska

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The aim of this paper is to provide the framework for management of reverse flow of materials in automotive industry. The emphasis is placed on the remanufacturing activities. Materials management in such conditions is a real challenge. The cause for this is parallel use of raw materials and reused materials. Such hybrid flows of materials are characterized by increased level of uncertainty connected with amount, quality and timing. Design/methodology/approach: This paper presents a comprehensive review of remanufacturing and traditional manufacturing. The stabilization of reverse flows is crucial for continuity of remanufacturing operations. The simulation model and results are discussed regarding stabilization of the reverse flows. Findings: Authors identify main problems that appear in the area of combining at the production system forward and reverse flows of materials. The agent-based technology is applied for configuration and stabilization of reverse network. Research limitations/implications: Paper is case – oriented. Practical implications: Both logistician and IT researchers might benefit from authors approach. Originality/value: Authors provide an interdisciplinary approach combining operations management, logistics and information technology.

  6. Malmquist producticity index: An application of Turkish automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    Lorcu, Fatma

    2010-01-01

    Automotive sector is one of the most important sectors which seen as the locomotive of economy, shares a large extent of the each economic crisis experienced in the area. In this study; automotive and supplier industry firms', which place in Istanbul Chamber of Industry's (ICI) 500 large firms, total factor productivities analyzed with Malmquist total factor productivity index. While 14 companies came up in this study that compassed 2003-2007 periods, the numbers of employees, net assets are ...

  7. EFFECTIVE OUTSOURCING THROUGHOUT THE SUPPLY CHAIN IN THE AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Ying

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this bachelor’s thesis was to find a method of using outsourcing effectively throughout the supply chain in the automotive industry. Through the data collecting and analyzing, this thesis was written totally based on theory. As the automotive industry has been developing, the outsourcing service has become one of the most popular methods to improve the supply chain management. The auto manufacturer and spare parts supplier are the two most important roles in the supply chai...

  8. POTENTIAL USE OF MAGNESIUM ALLOYS FOR THE AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    KANDEMİR, Kudret; A. Çetin CAN

    2003-01-01

    Recently, there is a high interest in using lightweight materials for automotive applications where weight reduction and improvement in comfort are needed. Magnesium alloys with excellent specific strength and stiffness properties can be comparable with steel and aluminum alloys for applications in the automotive industry. For this reason, the properties of magnesium alloys are in the focus of research. This study aims at reviewing and evaluating the prospects of magnesium alloys use and appl...

  9. The Strategic Importance of Supplier Relationships in the Automotive Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Ove Brandes; Staffan Brege; Per-Olof Brehmer

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to analyse longitudinally the development of purchasing strategies in the automotive industry during the last 20 years. The amplitude of the business cycle during this time frame has been very high and includes periods of financial/automotive crisis as well as high sales and demand. Our empirical data is primarily drawn from a 1990–2010 longitudinal case study of the relationship between automaker Volvo Personal Cars and Autoliv, a supplier of seat belts and airbags, ...

  10. NEW TRENDS AND CHELLENGES IN AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY LOGISTICS OPERATIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Dušan Sabadka

    2015-01-01

    This paper lays out the main features of the global automotive industry and identifies several important trends. Logistics operations (inbound and outbound) in the automotive supply chain are complex and account for large expenses and therefore are segments in the value chainwhere improvements can be made. Better coordination between inbound and outbound logistics contributes to optimising the supply chains, to reducing inventories and to responding to consumer requests. As econom...

  11. Integrating plastic recycling industries into the automotive supply chain

    OpenAIRE

    MAUDET-CHARBUILLET, Carole; Bertoluci, Gwenola; FROELICH, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    Chains for recycling the plastics used in the automotive industry are complex systems just emerging. In this paper we propose to explain the reasons which have so far prevented these recycling chains from achieving a sufficiently regulated state to make them reliable partners for automotive manufacturers. On the basis of this, and taking recycling polypropylene as an example, we propose to use a dynamic flow model of this chain to identify the critical parameters on which achieving this regul...

  12. The Indian Automotive Industry and the ASEAN Supply Chain Relations

    OpenAIRE

    Agustin, Tristan Leo Dallo; Schroder, Martin

    2015-01-01

    The topic of automotive supply chains has been increasingly studied as it raises questions of economic development, especially from the perspectives of simultaneous globalisation and regionalisation, and trade. While ASEAN is a prime example of intraregional production networks, supply chains that connect ASEAN and India have not been studied indepth. Therefore, this paper investigates the Indian automotive industry, which is composed of automobile original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and ...

  13. Improving plastic waste management system in the automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    Kashenko, Yuliya

    2013-01-01

    The main goals of the thesis were defined as the analysis of the environmental impact of the automotive company in the field of waste management and developing proposals for improving plastic waste management system. Current study is concentrated only on plastic waste to make the study results as concrete and achievable as possible. Today, to make lighter weight and more economical vehicles, plastics are replacing many metal components in automotive industry. In order...

  14. Industrial Upgrading in Global Production Networks: The Case of the Chinese Automotive Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Yansheng; Xin Xin KONG; Zhang, Miao

    2015-01-01

    This article examines the development of China’s automotive industry. The evidence shows that integration in global production networks has stimulated upgrading of technological capabilities among automotive firms. However, the competitiveness and intra-industry analyses show mixed results. Although intraindustry trade in automotive products has improved since 2000, the trade competitiveness of completely built up vehicles has largely remained in low value added activities. Nevertheless, firm...

  15. Examples on cold forged aluminium components in automotive industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bay, Niels; Kolsgaard, A.

    2000-01-01

    The present paper describes the possibilites of applying cold forging for manufacturing of light weight components in aluminium. A short description of the basic cold forming processes forms the basis for describing the great variety in design of cold forged components. Examples are mainly taken ...... from automotive industry but in a few cases also from other industrial sectors to show the possibilities....

  16. Identifying Lead Markets in the European Automotive Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cleff, Thomas; Grimpe, Christoph; Rammer, Christian

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents an indicator-based methodology to identify lead markets in the European automotive industry. The lead market approach tries to explain why certain countries are better positioned than others for developing and launching new products. While much research stresses the role of...... design. We use an indicator-based approach which has been successfully employed for individual products as well as for various industries in order to identify lead markets in the European automotive industry. Employing five lead market factors, our results show that the EU is by far no homogeneous market...... for automobiles and national markets differ considerably in their lead market potential. The German market is found to be most promising to serve as a lead market, while other European countries with a strong automotive tradition like France, Italy, the UK, and Sweden score lower. Our findings suggest...

  17. Making aerospace technology work for the automotive industry - Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, W. T.

    1978-01-01

    In many cases it has been found that advances made in one technical field can contribute to other fields. An investigation is in this connection conducted concerning subjects from contemporary NASA programs and projects which might have relevance and potential usefulness to the automotive industry. Examples regarding aerospace developments which have been utilized by the automotive industry are related to electronic design, computer systems, quality control experience, a NASA combustion scanner and television display, exhaust gas analyzers, and a device for suppressing noise propagated through ducts. Projects undertaken by NASA's center for propulsion and power research are examined with respect to their value for the automotive industry. As a result of some of these projects, a gas turbine engine and a Stirling engine might each become a possible alternative to the conventional spark ignition engine.

  18. Analysis of the automotive supplier industry

    OpenAIRE

    Fejtková Drgová, Michaela

    2014-01-01

    The subject of this thesis is "Analysis of suppliers in automotive industry“. The processes of purchasing department are analyzed from the supplier´s selection to his evaluation. The work is divided into the theoretical and the practical parts. The practical part is to define the basic concepts linked with the purchasing area. The part goals are executed in the practical part and the purchasing procedures of Keihin Company are deeply described. Outcome of this thesis is a proposal to effectiv...

  19. Multifunctional Materials Used in Automotive Industry: A Critical Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salonitis, Konstantinos; Pandremenos, John; Paralikas, John; Chryssolouris, George

    Nowadays, advanced materials and related processes in the automotive industry, are more widely used, leading to an effort towards reducing weight and fuel consumption. The use of such advanced materials and technologies tends to increase the cost. Multifunctional materials (MFMs) and related processing technologies aim at overcoming this increase of cost by exploiting the high level of functional integration. MFMs are designed so as to meet specific requirements through tailored properties. The use of such materials, in the automotive body construction, can help reduce produced parts, lightweight design, high level of integration of functionalities, advancements in mechanical properties of structures etc. In the current study, there is a clear definition of MFMs, and a critical view of such materials used both in the automotive body construction and in other industrial applications.

  20. Financial Crises and Automotive Industry Development in Southeast Asia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Doner, Richard F.; Wad, Peter

    2014-01-01

    The automotive industries of Southeast Asia have grown significantly but unevenly. Thailand has outperformed its neighbours in Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines with regard to production and, most notably, export volumes. But the Thai auto industry has not exhibited the level of local...... (indigenous) technology capacity and input growth seen in South Korea, Taiwan and, increasingly, in China. The 1997–98 and 2008 financial and economic crises generally reinforced pre-existing national automotive strategies, but to different degrees: They strongly accelerated an earlier Thai move to exports...... whose very success weakened pressures for upgrading; encouraged more moderate automotive liberalisation in Indonesia and, to a lesser extent, in the Philippines; but promoted only minimal changes to Malaysia’s relatively protectionist national car strategy. The fact that the crises served more to...

  1. Foreign Direct Investment and Restructuring in the Automotive Industry in Central and East Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Radosevic, S; Rozeik, A.

    2005-01-01

    This paper reviews and explores the major effects of FDI on industry restructuring of the CEE automotive industry. In particular, we are interested if automotive companies have exploited the value creation potential of CEE? Which factors explain the scale and depth of automotive industry restructuring in CEE? What are the economic effects of restructuring the automotive industry in terms of employment, trade and technology? What has been the role of national and EU policies in shaping FDI and...

  2. Strategies For Turkish Automotive By-Products Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakan Bütüner

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Automotive industry is comprised of the industry which produces vehicles, and the industry which, as dominated by Small and Medium Scale Enterprises, produces parts, modules, and systems of such vehicles according to the technical documentation. Having been established through technical and economic supports of the major manufacturers, and developed in the course of time, the by products industry is involved its activities as a significant potential for the domestic economy at present. In this article, general characteristics of Turkish automative by products industry, its weak aspects, aspects need to be improved, and dominant strategies that need to be considered for the improvement are discussed.

  3. NEW TRENDS AND CHELLENGES IN AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY LOGISTICS OPERATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dušan Sabadka

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper lays out the main features of the global automotive industry and identifies several important trends. Logistics operations (inbound and outbound in the automotive supply chain are complex and account for large expenses and therefore are segments in the value chainwhere improvements can be made. Better coordination between inbound and outbound logistics contributes to optimising the supply chains, to reducing inventories and to responding to consumer requests. As economies grow, the competition shifts towards brand image and customisation and here the speed and reliability of logistics operations becomes a critical elements.

  4. Energy and Environmental Challenges for the Japanese Automotive Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Sperling, Daniel

    2000-01-01

    The turn of the century is proving to be a period of turmoil and uncertainty for the automotive industry. The industry confronts growing worldwide demands for greater environmental quality, but now benefits from an emerging technological revolution that provides them with the tools to respond effectively to those demands. Rapid innovation is occurring in lightweight materials, various ICE powertrain enhancements made possible by computer controls, energy conversion processes, energy storage, ...

  5. Modeling supply chain costs in the automotive manufacturing industry: The case of Valmet Automotive

    OpenAIRE

    Koivula, Lauri

    2015-01-01

    This thesis examines mathematical modeling as a means to improve profitability. The research is focused on studying supply chain cost drivers and their potential in regard to cost reduction in the automotive manufacturing industry, where the role of supply chain management is significant because of the capital intensive, fast paced, and high volume nature of the business. Hence, supportive tools for decision making are highly valuable. Therefore, the objective of this study is to develop a to...

  6. The Quantitative Analysis of Chennai Automotive Industry Cluster

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhaskaran, Ethirajan

    2016-05-01

    Chennai, also called as Detroit of India due to presence of Automotive Industry producing over 40 % of the India's vehicle and components. During 2001-2002, the Automotive Component Industries (ACI) in Ambattur, Thirumalizai and Thirumudivakkam Industrial Estate, Chennai has faced problems on infrastructure, technology, procurement, production and marketing. The objective is to study the Quantitative Performance of Chennai Automotive Industry Cluster before (2001-2002) and after the CDA (2008-2009). The methodology adopted is collection of primary data from 100 ACI using quantitative questionnaire and analyzing using Correlation Analysis (CA), Regression Analysis (RA), Friedman Test (FMT), and Kruskall Wallis Test (KWT).The CA computed for the different set of variables reveals that there is high degree of relationship between the variables studied. The RA models constructed establish the strong relationship between the dependent variable and a host of independent variables. The models proposed here reveal the approximate relationship in a closer form. KWT proves, there is no significant difference between three locations clusters with respect to: Net Profit, Production Cost, Marketing Costs, Procurement Costs and Gross Output. This supports that each location has contributed for development of automobile component cluster uniformly. The FMT proves, there is no significant difference between industrial units in respect of cost like Production, Infrastructure, Technology, Marketing and Net Profit. To conclude, the Automotive Industries have fully utilized the Physical Infrastructure and Centralised Facilities by adopting CDA and now exporting their products to North America, South America, Europe, Australia, Africa and Asia. The value chain analysis models have been implemented in all the cluster units. This Cluster Development Approach (CDA) model can be implemented in industries of under developed and developing countries for cost reduction and productivity

  7. The Quantitative Analysis of Chennai Automotive Industry Cluster

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhaskaran, Ethirajan

    2016-07-01

    Chennai, also called as Detroit of India due to presence of Automotive Industry producing over 40 % of the India's vehicle and components. During 2001-2002, the Automotive Component Industries (ACI) in Ambattur, Thirumalizai and Thirumudivakkam Industrial Estate, Chennai has faced problems on infrastructure, technology, procurement, production and marketing. The objective is to study the Quantitative Performance of Chennai Automotive Industry Cluster before (2001-2002) and after the CDA (2008-2009). The methodology adopted is collection of primary data from 100 ACI using quantitative questionnaire and analyzing using Correlation Analysis (CA), Regression Analysis (RA), Friedman Test (FMT), and Kruskall Wallis Test (KWT).The CA computed for the different set of variables reveals that there is high degree of relationship between the variables studied. The RA models constructed establish the strong relationship between the dependent variable and a host of independent variables. The models proposed here reveal the approximate relationship in a closer form. KWT proves, there is no significant difference between three locations clusters with respect to: Net Profit, Production Cost, Marketing Costs, Procurement Costs and Gross Output. This supports that each location has contributed for development of automobile component cluster uniformly. The FMT proves, there is no significant difference between industrial units in respect of cost like Production, Infrastructure, Technology, Marketing and Net Profit. To conclude, the Automotive Industries have fully utilized the Physical Infrastructure and Centralised Facilities by adopting CDA and now exporting their products to North America, South America, Europe, Australia, Africa and Asia. The value chain analysis models have been implemented in all the cluster units. This Cluster Development Approach (CDA) model can be implemented in industries of under developed and developing countries for cost reduction and productivity

  8. Environment, automotive fuels and petroleum industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After several years of delays, the italian environmental regulation concerning the oil industry has taken a leading role in Europe, especially starting from 1995, for benzene limits in gasoline. This article tries to estimate what are the anticipates costs for the italian industry due to a stricter legislation on gasoline compared to the rest of Europe

  9. Adverse effects of the automotive industry on carbon dioxide emissions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mpho Bosupeng

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine the effects of the automotive industry on carbon dioxide emissions for the period from 1997 to 2010 for diverse economies, as well as the relationships between carbon dioxide discharges and output. The study applies cointegration and causality tests to validate these associations. The results of the Johansen cointegration test depict long-run associations between the quantity of passenger cars and carbon dioxide emissions in France, Sweden, Spain, Hungary and Japan. In addition, significant relations were observed between output and carbon dioxide discharges in Spain, Canada, India and Japan. Changes in output had substantial impact on emissions in Germany, Canada and India. The results also show that the number of passenger cars influences the magnitude of emissions in multiple economies. In conclusion, the automotive industry has to be considered in policies that aim to reduce carbon dioxide emissions.

  10. Software independence: impact on product development plan in automotive industries

    OpenAIRE

    M. Annarumma; Naddeo, A.; M. Pappalardo

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: Purpose of this paper: Actually, in automotive industries one of the most important activities inproduct design is the evaluation of various events (i.e. crash events) using FEM simulation; in this context,software independence, that means to obtain the same simulation results on the same car-model using differentFEM solvers, will be useful for reducing virtual prototyping time and consequently Time To Market.Design/methodology/approach: Development of a software-indipendence transla...

  11. CONTRIBUTIONS TO OPTIMIZE QUALITY COSTS IN THE AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    Ion Ionescu

    2014-01-01

    The main goal of the research is that one to present a way of organizing the management accounting, so that it allow the calculate of a cost for quality pertinent for each activity and on every product made in the automotive industry entities. We critically analyzed the current system used to determine and track quality costs at the studied entities, in order to emphasize the need of organization and implement a modern management accounting, which allows quality control costs and increase the...

  12. An RFID implementation in the automotive industry - improving inventory accuracy

    OpenAIRE

    Hellström, Daniel; Wiberg, Mathias

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores and describes the impact of radio frequency identification (RFID) technology on inventory accuracy within a production and assembly plant, and proposes a model for assessing the impact of the technology on inventory accuracy. The empirical investigation, based on case study research, focuses on a RFID implementation at a supplier of bumper and spoiler systems to the automotive industry. The results indicate that RFID ensures that inventory inaccurac...

  13. An Empirical Research on Supplier Relationship Management in Automotive Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Narges Imanipour; Mehdi Rahimi; Nasrin Akhondi

    2012-01-01

    Supplier relationship management is an important research field in Supply Chain Management. This paper aims tostudy the existing portfolio models for supplier relationship management then apply Svensson(2000)’s model toclassify buyer-supplier relationship in an Iranian automotive industry supply chain. Finally present a frameworkfor supplier relationship management. Data for this study was collected through two surveys. The current studyanalyzes supplier relationship management in two phases:...

  14. Evolution of Business Interoperability in the Automotive Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Wende, Kristin; Legner, Christine

    2006-01-01

    In recent years, the established roles in the automotive industry have undergone changes: Automakers which have traditionally executed control over the entire value chain are now increasingly focusing on branding and distribution. At the same time, tier-1 suppliers are becoming vehicle integrators. This paper analyses how new forms of cooperation impact the required level of business interoperability. The comparison of two cases, a traditional OEM-supplier relationship and an innovative form ...

  15. Thermal comfort findings: Scenario at Malaysian automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismail Ahmad Rasdan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the findings of thermal comfort assessment at Malaysian automotive industry. Nine critical workstations were chosen as subjects for the study in order to determine the thermal comfort among workers at Malaysian automotive industry. The human subjects for the study comprises of the operators from tire receiving, dashboard assembly, drum tester, body assembly, seat assembly, door check assembly, stamping workstation, engine sub assembly and paint shop of the factory. The environmental factors such as Wet Bulb Globe Temperature (WBGT, relative humidity, air velocity, illuminance were measured using BABUC A apparatus and Thermal Comfort Measurement equipment. Through questionnaire survey, the demographic data of subjects and their perceptions on thermal comfort at each workstation were assessed based on ISO Standard 7730 and thermal sensation scale using Predicted Mean Vote (PMV. Then, Predicted Percentage of Dissatisfied (PPD is used to estimate the thermal satisfaction of occupants. The results indicated that most of the workstations of the automotive industry are considered as uncomfortable. Tire receiving station is considered having better working environment compared to other stations with lowest PMV index of 1.09 to 1.41 and PPD of 46%. Meanwhile, the engine sub assembly station and paint shop of assembly are considered the worst thermal environment with the PMV index values ranging between 2.1 to 2.9 and PPD values of 81% to 99%. Therefore, these two workstations are considered not comfortable because the thermal sensation scale is warm and almost hot.

  16. Application of Electron Beam Surface Technologies in the Automotive Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rolf Zenker; Anja Buchwalder

    2004-01-01

    Progress in the beam deflection technique opens up new possibilities for the application of electron beam (EB)surface and welding technologies in the automotive industry. This development is based on three-dimensional high-speed beam deflection and fully automatic online process control. So, in the EB surface treatment three-dimensional energy transfer fields can be realised which take into account the contour of a component, the conditions of heat conduction and the load conditions. High flexibility, precision and reproducibility are typical characteristics. High productivity is achieved by the simultaneous interaction of the EB in several processing areas or by carrying out several processes simultaneously. EB surface treatment is becoming more and more attractive and important especially in the automotive industry, and also in comparison to laser technologies. This paper deals with different EB surface technologies, for example hardening,remelting, surface alloying, dispersing or cladding of different materials such as steel, cast iron and different alloys of Al,Mg and Ti. Examples of applications in the automotive industry, especially engine components, will be discussed.

  17. Supply Chain Vulnerability in the automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    Xanthopoulos, Panagiotis; Pejicic, Jerko

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this research study is the empirical analysis of theelements affecting supply chain vulnerability with a focus on theautomotive industry. Methodology: This research is based on a deductive approach. In order to fulfilthe purpose of the study, the authors stated three hypotheseswhich were tested with help of quantitative data. Moreover, thesurvey strategy was used while using questioning in order to gatherinformation from subjects. With the help of a web-based questionn...

  18. Deployment of ERP Systems at Automotive Industries, Security Inspection (Case Study: IRAN KHODRO Automotive Company)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Hatamirad; Hasan, Mehrjerdi

    Automotive industry and car production process is one of the most complex and large-scale production processes. Today, information technology (IT) and ERP systems incorporates a large portion of production processes. Without any integrated systems such as ERP, the production and supply chain processes will be tangled. The ERP systems, that are last generation of MRP systems, make produce and sale processes of these industries easier and this is the major factor of development of these industries anyhow. Today many of large-scale companies are developing and deploying the ERP systems. The ERP systems facilitate many of organization processes and make organization to increase efficiency. The security is a very important part of the ERP strategy at the organization, Security at the ERP systems, because of integrity and extensive, is more important of local and legacy systems. Disregarding of this point can play a giant role at success or failure of this kind of systems. The IRANKHODRO is the biggest automotive factory in the Middle East with an annual production over 600.000 cars. This paper presents ERP security deployment experience at the "IRANKHODRO Company". Recently, by launching ERP systems, it moved a big step toward more developments.

  19. Making aerospace technology work for the automotive industry, introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, W. T.

    1978-01-01

    NASA derived technology already in use in the automotive industry include: (1) developments in electronics design, computer systems, and quality control methods for line testing of cars and trucks; (2) a combustion analysis computer program for automotive engine research and development; (3) an infrared scanner and television display for analyzing tire design and performance, and for studying the effects of heat on the service life of V-belts, shock mounts, brakes, and rubber bearings; (4) exhaust gas analyzers for trouble shooting and emissions certification; (5) a device for reducing noise from trucks; and (6) a low cost test vehicle for measuring highway skid resistance. Services offered by NASA to facilitate access to its technology are described.

  20. Economic crisis and the automotive industry in Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iosip, A.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The economic crisis has affected many areas but the auto industry is perhaps one of the most affected. Renault, Ford, General Motors, Toyota, Volkswagen, BMW are just some of the big players caught unprepared. Through this paper we propose an analysis of the automotive market in Romania in order to understand the sales decrease of the last two years. At the same time we aimed at understanding the reasons that led to a decrease in car sales, what were the measures taken by the government to stop this phenomenon and how the economic crisis influenced the automotive field in Romania. An objective image of the situation in the automobile market in Romania at this moment also requires an analysis of the marketing environment and the changes it has undergone over time. Last but not least we will try to find a series of measures to re-launch the car market in Romania.

  1. Change in the automotive industry; Fordonsindustrin i foeraendring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fjaellstroem, Mikael [Swedish Energy Agency, Eskilstuna (Sweden); Pohl, Hans [Sycon Energikonsult AB, Malmoe (Sweden); Liljemark, Stefan [SwedPower AB (Sweden); Leander, Aasa [Swedish Energy Agency, Eskilstuna (Sweden); Maruo, Kanehira [Chalmers Univ. of Tech., Goeteborg (Sweden); Waldenby, Torbjoern [JIC Consulting AB, Goeteborg (Sweden); Mellgren, Henry [Fordonskomponentgruppen, Goeteborg (Sweden)

    2002-04-01

    The 'Change in the Automotive Industry' investigation was initiated by the Swedish Energy Agency in the autumn of 2000. The objective has been to illuminate and analyse technical developments in respect of the use of electricity in vehicles, not only for various ancillary systems but also for propulsion. A number of Swedish businesses that have, or could have, links with the automotive industry have been investigated. The main aim has been to attempt to identify the opportunities for the industry to meet and benefit from the changes. A total of 14 businesses have been visited, and a further 29 companies have replied to a survey questionnaire on the theme. Business intelligence shows that a great deal of work is being done on the use of electricity for automotive propulsion, in everything from battery vehicles, via electric hybrid vehicles to fuel cell vehicles. In terms of development, the Japanese manufacturers are in the lead, while the USA constitutes the largest single driving force behind development. The technical development requires a greater understanding within several new disciplines, and leads to major changes between different industry sectors. The results show that Sweden possesses world class expertise in several of the fields that can become very important for tomorrow's automotive industry. At the same time, the companies expect difficulties in recruiting personnel qualified in the appropriate disciplines, such as development and design. There is, therefore, a clear risk that the present-day expertise will progressively fade away if nothing is done.There is a wide range of awareness of the greater use of electricity in vehicles. However, in principle, all companies feel that development towards new drive trains will proceed rapidly. Most of the companies are also very interested in descriptions and analyses of the state of development. The general conclusion of the work is that there are excellent prospects for Swedish industry to

  2. Industrial renewal and inter-firm relations in the supply chain of the Brazilian automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    Posthuma, Anne Caroline

    2004-01-01

    Explores the rapid restructuring of the Brazilian automotive industry from the late 1990s to 2003. Highlights transformations in the composition of the vehicle assembly and components suppliers industries and analyses changes in inter-firm relations. Examines new practices in supply chain management and looks at human resource management and labour-management relations.

  3. Toughness of welded stainless steels sheets for automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Bayraktar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: In the automotive industry, more and more it is compulsory to develop new grades of stainless steels, such as high resistant Martensitic Stainless Steels (MA-SS and Ferritic Stainless Steels (FSS in order to realise certain or many complex deep drawn pieces. For these grades, resistance spot welding (RSW is the most widespread process used largely for many parts of the car body in the automotive industry. This paper aims to characterise mechanical behaviour (toughness of the different steel grades under dynamic test conditions.Design/methodology/approach: A special crash test device is used in different temperatures and the simulated crash tests are performed at a constant speed of 5.52 m/s.Findings: The specimen is submitted to impact tensile test at different temperatures. According to testing temperature, fracture mode varies: At low temperatures, brittle fracture occurs: due to stress concentration, fracture always occurs in the notched section. At high temperatures, the specimen fails by ductile fracture. Toughness of the steel sheets (base metals, BM or welded parts is well compared at different materials and test conditions.Research limitations/implications: Evaluation of welded thin sheets submitted to the dynamic loading in order to correlate in real service conditions in order to realize a useful correlation between the transition temperature and deep drawability can be used for evaluating of the welding conditions and also of the material characteristics. For detail study, this type of the test needs a standard formulation.Practical implications: This is a new conception of specimen and of the impact/crash machine. It is widely used in automotive industry for practical and economic reason to give rapid answers to designer and also steel makers for ranking the materials.Originality/value: New developed test called impact crash test for evaluating the toughness of thin welded joints (tailored blanks / mechanical assemblies in

  4. Building Competitive Advantages CEIBS Holds the 2004 CEIBS China Automotive Industry Forum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Second consecutive CEIBS China Automotive Industry Forum was held in Novermber 22 at the school's Shang hai campus. Following last year's success, this year there are more than 200 local and international participants including: auto manufacturers, component suppliers, government officials, industry experts and researchers, who have gathered today to discuss issues in the country's automotive industry.

  5. Irradiation Crosslinking of Polyamides for the Electrical and Automotive Industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Irradiation crosslinking of electrical cables and heat shrinkable tubes have been widely accepted in the automotive and electrical industry for a long time. Due higher demands regarding temperature resistance, arc resistance and good chemical resistance against oil and greases crosslinked injection moulded parts made out of polyamid and polybutylentherephtalate become also more and more interesting. Crosslinked polyamide can also replace thermosets for switches and offers therefore additional financial benefits. It will be shown on the basis of already realized projects, which basic requirements exist and how irradiation crosslinking can fulfil these demands

  6. Trends in the automotive paint industry for corrosion protection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blandin, Nathalie; Brunat, William [PPG Industries France, 3 Z.A.E. Les Dix Muids, B.P. 89, F-59583 Marly (France); Neuhaus, Ralf [PPG Industries Lacke GmbH, Stackenbergstrasse 34, D-42329 Wuppertal (Germany); Sibille, Ettore [PPG Industries Italia, Via Serra11, I-15028 Quattordio (Italy)

    2004-07-01

    Since many years ED-paints are protecting car bodies against corrosion. Currently the automotive paint industry is faced with increasing demands of higher levels of corrosion protection and also requests to comply with new environmental regulations and economical pressures. Some key factors that contributed significantly towards the improvement of corrosion protection systems are: - New generations of lead free ED-paints; - Weldable organic thin film for corrosion protection, especially in box cavities and flange areas. The goal of this paper is to show how the various elements of the 'anti-corrosion package' interact. (authors)

  7. Ultrapulse welding: A new joining technique. [for automotive industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, D. G.

    1972-01-01

    The ultrapulse process is a resistance welding process that utilizes unidirectional current of high magnitude for a very short time with a precisely controlled dynamic force pulse. Peak currents of up to 220,000 amperes for two to ten milliseconds are used with synchronized force pulses of up to nine thousand pounds. The welding current passing through the relatively high resistance of the interface between the parts that are being joined results in highly localized heating. Described is the UPW process as it applies to the automotive industry.

  8. Applications of nuclear methods in the automotive industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Over the years nuclear methods have proved to be a valuable asset to industry in general and to the automotive industry in particular. This paper summarizes some of the most important recent contributions of nuclear technology to the development of vehicles having high quality and long-term durability. Radiotracer methods are used to measure engine oil consumption and the wear rates of inaccessible components. Radiographic and tomographic methods are used to image fluids and structures in engines and accessory components. Tracers are used to understand combustion chemistry and quantify fluid flow. Gauging methods are used for inspection and process control. Nuclear analytical methods are used routinely for materials characterization and problem solving. Although nuclear methods are usually considered as the means of last resort, they can often be applied more easily and quickly than conventional methods when those in industrial engineering and R and D are aware of their unique capabilities. (author). 51 refs., 5 figs

  9. Technical Efficiency of Automotive Industry Cluster in Chennai

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhaskaran, E.

    2012-07-01

    Chennai is also called as Detroit of India due to its automotive industry presence producing over 40 % of the India's vehicle and components. During 2001-2002, diagnostic study was conducted on the Automotive Component Industries (ACI) in Ambattur Industrial Estate, Chennai and in SWOT analysis it was found that it had faced problems on infrastructure, technology, procurement, production and marketing. In the year 2004-2005 under the cluster development approach (CDA), they formed Chennai auto cluster, under public private partnership concept, received grant from Government of India, Government of Tamil Nadu, Ambattur Municipality, bank loans and stake holders. This results development in infrastructure, technology, procurement, production and marketing interrelationships among ACI. The objective is to determine the correlation coefficient, regression equation, technical efficiency, peer weights, slack variables and return to scale of cluster before and after the CDA. The methodology adopted is collection of primary data from ACI and analyzing using data envelopment analysis (DEA) of input oriented Banker-Charnes-Cooper model. There is significant increase in correlation coefficient and the regression analysis reveals that for one percent increase in employment and net worth, the gross output increases significantly after the CDA. The DEA solver gives the technical efficiency of ACI by taking shift, employment, net worth as input data and quality, gross output and export ratio as output data. From the technical score and ranking of ACI, it is found that there is significant increase in technical efficiency of ACI when compared to CDA. The slack variables obtained clearly reveals the excess employment and net worth and no shortage of gross output. To conclude there is increase in technical efficiency of not only Chennai auto cluster in general but also Chennai auto components industries in particular.

  10. FE-Simulation Of Hemming In The Automotive Industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper summarizes and presents the most important results from a research project on FE simulation of hemming carried out at Volvo Cars Body Components and Chalmers University of Technology. In the automotive industry, hemming is used to join two sheet metal panels by bending the flange of the outer panel over the inner one. The final goal of the project was to simulate all of the hemming steps of production parts. In order to make three-dimensional simulations of hemming possible within reasonable simulation times, it is necessary to use shell elements and not solid elements. On the other hand, the radius of curvature of the outer part in the folded area is very small, normally of the same order of magnitude as the sheet thickness. This fact raises the question if shell elements are applicable in FE simulation of hemming. One part of the project was therefore a thorough investigation of the order of magnitude of the errors resulting from the use of shell elements in FE simulation of hemming. Another part of the project was devoted to three-dimensional simulations of the hemming of an automotive hood. The influence on the roll-in from several parameters, such as shell element formulation, adhesives, and anisotropy was studied. Finally, results from a forming simulation were also mapped to the flanging and hemming models in order to study the influence from the stamping of the outer panel on the roll-in

  11. State and Industrial Policy: Comparative Political Economic Analysis of Automotive Industrial Policies in Malaysia and Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Tai, Wan-Ping; Ku, Samuel C. Y.

    2013-01-01

    Numerous differences exist between the neoclassical and national development schools of economics on how an economy should develop. For example, should the state interfere in the market using state resources, and cultivate certain industries to achieve specific developmental goals? Although the automotive industries in both Thailand and Malaysia developed in the 1970s with considerable government involvement, they have evolved along very different lines. Can these differences be traced to dif...

  12. Thermal Comfort Assessment: A Case Study at Malaysian Automotive Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. R. Ismail

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Thermal comfort has a great influence on the productivity and satisfaction of indoor building occupants. The exposure to excessive heat during work may cause discomfort and contributed to low productivity among workers. Malaysia known with its hot and humid weather where in most of the survey study published indicated that workers in Malaysia automotive industries had exposed to excessive temperature while working. The study investigated the thermal comfort level experienced by workers at Malaysian automotive industry. Approach: The study had been conducted at one automotive parts assembly factory in Malaysia. The human subjects for the study constitute operators at tire receiving section of the factory. The environment examined was the relative humidity (%, WBGT, air temperature and radiant temperature (°C of the surrounding workstation area. The environmental factors were measured using Babuc apparatus, which is capable to measure simultaneously those mentioned environmental factors. The time series data of fluctuating level of factors were plotted to identify the significant changes of factors. Then thermal comfort of the workers was assessed by using ASHRAE thermal sensation scale by using Predicted Mean Vote (PMV. Further Predicted Percentage Dissatisfied (PPD was used to estimate the thermal comfort satisfaction of the occupant. Finally the PPD versus PMV were plotted to present the thermal comfort scenario of workers involved in related workstation. Results: The trend of relative humidity curve from the graph also indicated the increasing level of discomfort. The radiant temperature observed seems consistent during the study while there was decreasing of WBGT start from afternoon due to the rain. The study revealed that the PPD value of 54% of the workers population at the workstation are likely to be satisfied with thermal comfort at this station while the PMV index from ASHRAE indicated the value 1

  13. Software independence: impact on product development plan in automotive industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Annarumma

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Purpose of this paper: Actually, in automotive industries one of the most important activities inproduct design is the evaluation of various events (i.e. crash events using FEM simulation; in this context,software independence, that means to obtain the same simulation results on the same car-model using differentFEM solvers, will be useful for reducing virtual prototyping time and consequently Time To Market.Design/methodology/approach: Development of a software-indipendence translation method is the aim ofthis work, which is an input data translation by a methodology independent of the FE calculation environmentand allows reducing drastically the product development time. This methodology will be developed writing adhoc a routine in Matlab language, that carries back in LS-DYNA environment the cards written in RADIOSSenvironment, helped by TextPad editor and completed by pre-processor Hypermesh.Findings: The translation could be executed using the pre and post-processor Hypermesh and the RADIOSSmodel card manual correction, but this way to operate increases greatly the Time To Market, although today isthe only method used in the most important Italian automotive industry.Research limitations/implications: A Software independence in Virtual Prototyping could help to accelerateseveral processes. The need to reduce costs and to increase quality is nearly obvious.Practical implications: Most of crash simulation models are developed in RADIOSS environment, but the LSDYNAenvironment potentialities exploration has increased the simulations demand using LS-DYNA software;therefore the development of a translation method like that meets this requirement.Originality/value: For product designers, the development of a translation methodology, that allows to carryback in a software environment the Know How developed for another software environment, will be very useful(We’ve to remind that often many design tasks of a project are made in

  14. Automotive-adept: a lightweight assessment method for the automotive Irish software industry

    OpenAIRE

    Mc Caffery, Fergal; Richardson, Ita; Moller, Peter

    2007-01-01

    peer-reviewed In this paper we describe how a lightweight assessment method was developed to educate Irish software small-to-medium sized enterprises (SMEs)1 in relation to becoming automotive software suppliers. The main goal of this assessment method is to provide software SMEs with a SPI path to becoming automotive software suppliers.

  15. DETERMINANTS OF TQM IN THE IRANIAN AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY: A THEORETICAL APPROACH

    OpenAIRE

    Rouhollah Mojtahedzadeh; Veeri Chettiar Arumugam

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a model to conduct an empirical study in Iranian automotive industry in order to improve their performance. The quality culture plays a vital role in determining the performance in Iranian manufacturing industries. In this research, a model has been developed that includes the factors of Total Quality Management and quality culture to study their effect on the performance of Iranian automotive industry. It is hoped that this paper can provide an academic source for both ac...

  16. Monitoring and evaluation of production processes an analysis of the automotive industry

    CERN Document Server

    Panda, Anton; Pandová, Iveta

    2016-01-01

    This book presents topics on monitoring and evaluation of production processes in the automotive industry. Regulation of production processes is also described in details. The text deals with the implementation and evaluation of these processes during the mass production of components useful in the automotive industry. It evaluates the effects and results achieved after implementation in practice. The book takes into account the different methodologies of the world's automakers and applicable standards, such as standard EN ISO 9001 and the requirements of VDA and ISO/TS 16949. The content is used to those working with the development, production and quality control of new products in the demanding automotive industry. The information provided may also be useful to engineers and technical staff in organizations working with series production and production of spare parts for the automotive and other demanding industries. The content presented was written based on discussions with various companies and organiza...

  17. Proposal of a Sustainability Index for the Automotive Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel F. Salvado

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In a scenario of increasing globalization, sustainable development has emerged as an attractive and strategic issue for both countries and individual organizations and their supply chains. Companies have faced different challenges in seeking to combine the best economic performance with increased social and environmental responsibility. Monitoring sustainability is essential for decision-making and management of activities that comprise an organization’s system processes. Evaluation can be performed using indices or a set of indicators. In addition to increasing organizational effectiveness and improving competitiveness, customer service and profitability, it is also a crucial influence on the development of business sustainability. This paper proposes a sustainability index that provides companies with information about their level of economic, social and environmental sustainability, showing their performance at both individual and supply chain level. The importance of the indicators is assessed by using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP methodology applied to a case study of a supply chain in the automotive industry. The various stages experienced during the construction of the index are also shown. The final results achieved are then presented and discussed in light of the objectives.

  18. Utilization of Infrared Fiber Optic in the Automotive Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tucker, Dennis S.; Brantley, Lott W. (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    Fiber optics are finding a place in the automotive industry. Illumination is the primary application today. Soon, however, fiber optics will be used for data communications and sensing applications. Silica fiber optics and plastic fibers are sufficient for illumination and communication applications however, sensing applications involving high temperature measurement and remote gas analysis would benefit from the use of infrared fiber optics. Chalcogonide and heavy metal fluoride glass optical fibers are two good candidates for these applications. Heavy metal fluoride optical fibers are being investigated by NASA for applications requiring transmission in the infrared portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. Zirconium-Barium-Lanthanum-Aluminum-Sodium-Fluoride (ZBLAN) is one such material which has been investigated. This material has a theoretical attenuation coefficient 100 times lower than that of silica and transmits into the mid-IR. However, the measured attenuation coefficient is higher than silica due to impurities and crystallization. Impurities can be taken care of by utilizing cleaner experimental protocol. It has been found that crystallization can be suppressed by processing in reduced gravity. Fibers processed in reduced gravity on the KC135 reduced gravity aircraft were found to be free of crystals while those processed on the ground were found to have crystals. These results will be presented along with plans for producing continuous lengths of ZBLAN optical fiber on board the International Space Station.

  19. Quality management implementation in Russian automotive industry. Case: PKC Group Russian unit "AEK".

    OpenAIRE

    Korchagina, Natalia

    2011-01-01

    This thesis discusses about TQM, automotive industry and quality standards. The objective of the study is to define the problems existing within TQM system in Russian automotive industry and to analyze the ways to overcome these problems. A Finnish-Russian factory “AEK”, which produces wiring harnesses for trucks, is used as a case company. The chosen research method is qualitative. The data is collected through interviews with quality managers of the case company. The theoretical sec...

  20. Supply Chain Performance Improvement Strategy Through Quality of Synergy in The Automotive Components Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Tri Purwani; Lutfi Nurcholis

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study were 1) develop a new concept of Bilateral Symmetry, which is the ability of similarity based on transparency and standardization, 2) conduct empirical testing and analyzing the effect of bilateral symmetry to the improved supply chain performance through quality of synergy in industrial automotive components. The study population includes the entire automotive component industry in Indonesia. This study used sample of 105 respondents using purposive sampling method ...

  1. Heat treatment of cold formed steel forgings for the automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    B. Kosec; M. Brezigar; G. Kosec; J. Bernetic; M. Bizjak

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: In the Slovenian company ISKRA Avtoelektrika they manufacture, with the processes of cold forming, a great number of a different steel forgings for the Slovenian and European automotive industry. During their exploitation they are exposed to the high mechanical and temperature loads.Design/methodology/approach: A gas furnaces and devices play important role in the heat treatments of various metal parts for the automotive industry. Their thermotechnical characteristics have a great in...

  2. Supply chain collaboration and responsiveness : a comparison between Thai automotive and electronics industries

    OpenAIRE

    Ueki, Yasushi; 植木, 靖

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines factors that promote firms to develop supply chain collaborations (SCC) with their partners and relationships between SCC and supply chain operational performances (SCOP), using a questionnaire survey on Thai automotive and electronics industries in 2012. This paper also carries out a comparative study on these questions between the electronics and automotive industries. Two-stage least squares (2SLS) regressions verifY that supplier evaluation and audit is a foundation fo...

  3. Intuitive decision - making and leadership competencies of managers in Slovenian automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    Ivan Erenda; Maja Meško; Boris Bukovec

    2014-01-01

    Research question (RQ): Presence of intuitive decision - making by top and middle managers in Slovenian automotive industry. Purpose: Establish the presence of inuitive decision - making by top and middle managers in Slovenian automotive industry, define the intuitive decision - making with variables of leadership competencies. Methodology: empirical research was conducted within the quantitative research approach by means of a GDMS questionnaire (General Decision Making Style). The ...

  4. GUIDES TO POLLUTION PREVENTION: THE AUTOMOTIVE REFINISHING INDUSTRY

    Science.gov (United States)

    Automotive refinishing shops generate a variety of wastes while performing typical auto body repair and refinishing operations such as welding, filling dents, body section adjustments, alignments, sanding and painting. pportunities for waste reduction exist for the waste thinners...

  5. Reliability Centered Maintenance in Schedule Improvement of Automotive Assembly Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Rizauddin Ramli; Mohammad Nizam Arffin

    2012-01-01

    Problem statement: Today, in many automotive manufacturing companies, maintenance management is an important factor to maintain the plant operation and production equipments. Approach: In this study, we present an implementation of Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) practice in one of the automotive manufacturing company in Malaysia. The RCM practice was used to assist the company in focusing their maintenance activities based on the criticalities of the equipments by applying the Failure...

  6. Supply Chain Risks and Uncertainty in the Automotive Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Lin, Sung-Chieh

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this research is to identify supply chain risks and uncertainty in automotive companies and the strategies that can be applied to help automotive companies mitigate risks and uncertainty. The case study method is applied in this research and the approach to progress data collection is through interviews. The case companies chosen for interviews are one automobile manufacturer and two parts suppliers in Taiwan. From the analysis of data collected, factors that cause supply chain ris...

  7. A proposed centralised distribution model for the South African automotive component industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Micheline J. Naude

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: This article explores the possibility of developing a distribution model, similar to the model developed and implemented by the South African pharmaceutical industry, which could be implemented by automotive component manufacturers for supply to independent retailers. Problem Investigated: The South African automotive components distribution chain is extensive with a number of players of varying sizes, from the larger spares distribution groups to a number of independent retailers. Distributing to the smaller independent retailers is costly for the automotive component manufacturers. Methodology: This study is based on a preliminary study of an explorative nature. Interviews were conducted with a senior staff member from a leading automotive component manufacturer in KwaZulu Natal and nine participants at a senior management level at five of their main customers (aftermarket retailers. Findings: The findings from the empirical study suggest that the aftermarket component industry is mature with the role players well established. The distribution chain to the independent retailer is expensive in terms of transaction and distribution costs for the automotive component manufacturer. A proposed centralised distribution model for supply to independent retailers has been developed which should reduce distribution costs for the automotive component manufacturer in terms of (1 the lowest possible freight rate; (2 timely and controlled delivery; and (3 reduced congestion at the customer's receiving dock. Originality: This research is original in that it explores the possibility of implementing a centralised distribution model for independent retailers in the automotive component industry. Furthermore, there is a dearth of published research on the South African automotive component industry particularly addressing distribution issues. Conclusion: The distribution model as suggested is a practical one and should deliver added value to automotive

  8. Green Lean Six Sigma and Managerial Innovation in Malaysian Automotive Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farah Izzaida Mohd Zamri

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to determine the relationship between the Green Lean Six Sigma (GLSS and the Management Innovation (MI to be implemented in the Malaysian Automotive Industry. This paper tries to examine how the GLSS can contribute and have a positive impact on the development of MI to achieve better performance in the automotive industry. In addition, by applying the advantages of innovation in an industry, they are able to ensure they have a competitive advantage factor. There are several elements that can be selected to support the GLSS and MI practices in the automotive industry. The relationship between structure MI and GLSS is proved by the use of Structural Equation Model (SEM as recommended. Since this is a concept paper, most of the literature from the previous survey taken as a basic guide for this study as well as the construction of models of the relationship between the GLSS and MI is made. Next, the hypotheses can be generated based on the model of the proposed research and literature review. It has been shown that the MI which acts as an intermediary for the Malaysian automotive industry can continue to perform to make the transformation GLSS practice management system in the Malaysian automotive industry more efficiently and effectively in line with the industry to be the best among the competitors in other countries.

  9. Performance measurement of the after-sales service network: Evidence from the automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    Shahnoush Shahrouzi Fard; Seyed Mehdi Hosseini

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents an empirical investigation to determine important factors influencing on customer satisfaction in after-sales service network of automotive industry. The study designs two questionnaires, one for measuring the quality of after-sales services and the other for measuring customers’ satisfaction. The study selects a sample of 265 randomly selected customers out of 850 people who received the services from an automotive firm in Iran. Cronbach alpha has calculated as 0.82, whic...

  10. Automotive Industry Response to its Global QMS Standard ISO/TS-16949

    OpenAIRE

    Singh, Neelam

    2013-01-01

    With increasing globalization, the intense competition and customer-pressure have spurred many producers from developing/ emerging countries to adopt the best management and organizational practices. The quality issues are paramount for automotive manufacturing. The multiplicity of Quality Management System (QMS) Standards prevalent till the 1990s finally gave way to development of a harmonized automotive industry-specific QMS, namely ISO/TS-16949. This paper analyzes the major factors motiva...

  11. Relationship among Strategy, Flexibility, & Performance in the Supply Chain of the Iranian Automotive Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Khademolomoom, Amir Hossein; Emeagwali, Okechukwu Lawrence

    2016-01-01

    Despite the breadth of research devoted to supply chain management, no study has comprehensively probed into this issue with respect to a single sector in the specific context of the Middle East. To address this deficiency, this research investigates the relationship among strategy, flexibility, and performance in the supply chain context of the automotive industry in Iran. A quantitative questionnaire survey was administered to194Iranian automotive SMEs, and the results were examined by path...

  12. A proposed centralised distribution model for the South African automotive component industry

    OpenAIRE

    Micheline J. Naude

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: This article explores the possibility of developing a distribution model, similar to the model developed and implemented by the South African pharmaceutical industry, which could be implemented by automotive component manufacturers for supply to independent retailers. Problem Investigated: The South African automotive components distribution chain is extensive with a number of players of varying sizes, from the larger spares distribution groups to a number of independent retai...

  13. TRADE PERFORMANCE IN THE AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY OF THE EUROPEAN OECD MEMBER COUNTRIES

    OpenAIRE

    Bezić, Heri; Galović, Tomislav

    2015-01-01

    The paper addresses the question of international trade performance of automotive sector of 21 European OECD Member countries within the period from 2000 to 2009. The methodology of this research is based on the implementation of different trade performance indicators like intra- trade balance, industry trade, composition of manufacturing exports import penetration indicator and other important indicators. During year 2014 and 2015, international competitiveness of automotive European OECD in...

  14. Critical Success Factors for Implementing Lean Manufacturing in Malaysian Automotive Industry

    OpenAIRE

    A.N.M. Rose; B.M. Deros; M. N.A. Rahman

    2014-01-01

    The challenges faced by automotive manufacturers had made them looked into Lean Manufacturing (LM) which was implemented by Toyota Motor a long time ago. In Malaysia, the two main car manufacturers are PROTON and PERODUA; these two manufacturers offer good opportunity to large local companies and Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs) to participate in the automotive component manufacturing industry. The main objective of this study is to explore and investigate the level of perceptions on the impor...

  15. DETERMINANTS OF TQM IN THE IRANIAN AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY: A THEORETICAL APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rouhollah Mojtahedzadeh

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a model to conduct an empirical study in Iranian automotive industry in order to improve their performance. The quality culture plays a vital role in determining the performance in Iranian manufacturing industries. In this research, a model has been developed that includes the factors of Total Quality Management and quality culture to study their effect on the performance of Iranian automotive industry. It is hoped that this paper can provide an academic source for both academicians and managers due to investigate the relationship between Total Quality Management, Quality Culture, and Performance in a systematic manner to increase successful rate of Total Quality Management implementation.

  16. The past, present and future of China's automotive industry: a value chain perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Oliver, N.; Holweg, Matthias; Luo, Jianxi

    2009-01-01

    The economic growth and industrial development in China over the last decade has been of considerable interest to industry and policy-makers alike, and also been subject of many academic studies. Considerable research on the macro-economic growth and process of industrialisation, as well as the subsequent increase in the domestic demand has been reported. In case of the automotive industry, previous studies have analysed the rather complex industry structure, still dominated by a range of joi...

  17. Build to Order Supply Chain in Automotive Industry : A case study of Volvo

    OpenAIRE

    Nadeem, Muhammad; Ul Haq, Faheem

    2010-01-01

    The build-to-order supply chain strategy is Relatively new, and hock got attention of Researchers and Industry, with Successful Implementation in Many Industries and companies, like Dell Computers, Compaq, and BMW. Automotive Industry Is One Of The Industries Where build-to-order hock Shown good results. Automobile Manufacturers always Wants to build cars online orders Since the birth of mass production, and build-to-order strategy Let Them do that. Information Technology Is the Enabler That ...

  18. A Study to Determine the Educational Needs of Industrial Technologists in the Automotive-Type Manufacturing Industries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Ronald Walter

    Questionnaires were used to gather data about educational needs of industrial technologists in the automotive-type manufacturing industries in the United States. Each of the 101 establishments received four questionnaires; 67 (66.3 percent) returned one or more of the questionnaires. The responses of the selected individuals were analyzed by…

  19. Software Process Improvement and Lifecycle Models in Automotive Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Sabar, Suneel

    2011-01-01

    The quality of a product depends on the quality of the underlying process is a well known fact. Software development organizations have been struggling to decrease their cost, increase their ROI, reduce time-to-market, and enhance the quality of their products. This all depends upon the improvement in the processes they are following inside their organizations. A number of software process improvement models exist in market, e.g., CMMI, SPICE and Automotive SPICE. But before an organization c...

  20. MARKETING REQUIREMENTS FOR DEVELOP A BRAND IN AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    Liliana Adela Zima

    2013-01-01

    TAbstract: The Umbrella Brand can be define to be the mother brand which is not usually model specific which houses the family of brands. sis a trustworthy, relevant, and distinctive promise to the consumer. In our case of General Motorâ€(tm)s Europe, Opel /Vauxhall is the Umbrella Brand. To develop and maintain on the automotive market a strong brand there are some marketing and management requirements to applied. This document summarizes the Marketing requirements for the Gamma Monocab prog...

  1. Process Chain in Automotive Industry - Present Day Demands versus Long Term Open CAD/CAM Strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Dankwort, C. Werner

    1997-01-01

    The automotive industry was a pioneer in using CAD/CAM technology. Now the car manufacturers development process is almost completely done with this technology. Substantial initiative for the standardisation of CAD/CAM technics comes from the automotive industry, as e.g. for neutral CAD data interfaces. The R&D departments of German car manufacturers have founded a working group ii with the aim to develop a common long term CAD/CAM strategy. One important result is the concept of a future CAx...

  2. Evaluating Electronic Customer Relationship Management Performance: Case Studies from Persian Automotive and Computer Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Safari, Narges; Safari, Fariba; Olesen, Karin; Shahmehr, Fatemeh

    2016-01-01

    This research paper investigates the influence of industry on electronic customer relationship management (e-CRM) performance. A case study approach with two cases was applied to evaluate the influence of e-CRM on customer behavioral and attitudinal loyalty along with customer pyramid. The cases covered two industries consisting of computer and automotive industries. For investigating customer behavioral loyalty and customer pyramid companies database were computed while for examining custome...

  3. Reliability Centered Maintenance in Schedule Improvement of Automotive Assembly Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizauddin Ramli

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Today, in many automotive manufacturing companies, maintenance management is an important factor to maintain the plant operation and production equipments. Approach: In this study, we present an implementation of Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM practice in one of the automotive manufacturing company in Malaysia. The RCM practice was used to assist the company in focusing their maintenance activities based on the criticalities of the equipments by applying the Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA. The implementation of RCM was carried out in 4 stages; preparation, system analysis, decision making and feedback. The aim of RCM was to reduce the number of maintenance checklist and to improve significantly the integrity of maintenance practice. Results: As a result, the new RCM framework was generated where Class A equipment was at the top of the monthly maintenance frequency priority, followed by Class B and Class C equipment which had lesser critical value. Conclusion: The new RCM framework is used to conduct visible guideline and propose a new maintenance schedule. The guideline is useful for future maintenance strategy improvement. After the implementation, it can be ascertained that our proposed RCM is useful in reducing maintenance personnel burden and this leads to improvement of productivity.

  4. ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF SHOP TOWEL USAGE IN THE AUTOMOTIVE AND PRINTING INDUSTRIES

    Science.gov (United States)

    This assessment identifies the environmental impacts and usage trends of shop towels in the printing and automotive repair industries. The shop towels are used to clean equipment and to wipe up contaminants for a variety of operations. Four types of shop towels were evaluated; wo...

  5. Hydrogen patent portfolios in the automotive industry - the search for promising storage methods

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bakker, S.

    2010-01-01

    In the development of hydrogen vehicle technologies, the automotive industry adopts a portfolio approach; a multitude of technological options is developed for hydrogen storage and conversion. Patent portfolios of car manufacturers are used as indicators of the variation and selection dynamics of di

  6. The Impact of FDI on Bilateral Exports: The Case of the Automotive Industry in the Visegrad Countries

    OpenAIRE

    Kristóf Gyódi

    2014-01-01

    This analysis presents the effect of foreign direct investments in the automotive industry on the automotive exports of the Visegrad countries. The econometric analysis is based on the gravity model of trade. The author uses panel data to estimate variables that impact the automotive export. The data consists of the bilateral flows of trade and investments between the Visegrad countries and the other members of the OECD. The empirical analysis shows a positive correlation between the value of...

  7. Product Development in the Automotive Industry – Crucial Success Drivers for Technological Innovations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gerhard, D.; Brem, Alexander; Voigt, K.-I.

    2008-01-01

    Developing new innovative products in the automotive industrymeans investing huge sums in advance, as one does not know if the productwill be successful on the market after launch. Hence, companies are interestedin knowing and measuring the critical success drivers within the developmentsteps. The......), an explorative study in the German automotive industry showsthat the findings are confirmed in practice as well. However, the results alsoindicate that there is still a gap between knowledge about practical relevance of those dimensions and the systematic assessment of these in the process. Thestudy...

  8. Measurement uncertainty and gauge capability of surface roughness measurements in the automotive industry: a case study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The calculation methods of the capability of measurement processes in the automotive industry differ from each other. There are three main calculation methods: MSA, VDA 5 and the international standard, ISO 22514–7. During this research our aim was to compare the capability calculation methods in a case study. Two types of automotive parts (ten pieces of each) are chosen to examine the behaviour of the manufacturing process and to measure the required characteristics of the measurement process being evaluated. The measurement uncertainty of the measuring process is calculated according to the VDA 5 and ISO 22514–7, and MSA guidelines. In this study the conformance of a measurement process in an automotive manufacturing process is determined, and the similarities and the differences between the methods used are shown. (paper)

  9. A decision support methodology to enhance the competitiveness of the Turkish automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    Ulengin, F; Onsel, S; Aktas, E; Kabak, O; Ozaydin, O

    2013-01-01

    This is the post-print (final draft post-refereeing) version of the article. Copyright @ 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Three levels of competitiveness affect the success of business enterprises in a globally competitive environment: the competitiveness of the company, the competitiveness of the industry in which the company operates and the competitiveness of the country where the business is located. This study analyses the competitiveness of the automotive industry in associati...

  10. Consumers¡¯ Acceptance towards Green Technology in Automotive Industries in Malacca, Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    The environmental global issues reposition industries to produce more environmental friendly product that will reduce damages towards global environment leading to adoption of green technology including automotive industries. However, Malaysian consumers¡¯ readiness to accept green technology embedded in vehicle need researching. Based on cost and benefit analysis, this research aims at revealing buying decision on vehicle adopting green technology testing on sample of regression is used. The...

  11. The Perceptions of the Automotive Supply Industry Related to Information Technology Utilization and Creating Barriers to Competitive Market Entry: A Case Study of the Implications for Strategic Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cargal, Joseph L.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine information technology/systems strategy related factors in the automotive supply industry based on responses to the Strategic Planning and Business Performance Survey provided to automotive suppliers. This population produces supplies to the automotive industry with products valued at hundreds of billions…

  12. Removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from industrial sludges in the ambient air conditions: automotive industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karaca, Gizem; Tasdemir, Yucel

    2013-01-01

    Removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) existed in automotive industry treatment sludge was examined by considering the effects of temperature, UV, titanium dioxide (TiO2) and diethyl amine (DEA) in different dosages (i.e., 5% and 20%) in this study. Application of TiO2 and DEA to the sludge samples in ambient environment was studied. Ten PAH (Σ10 PAH) compounds were targeted and their average value in the sludge was found to be 4480 ± 1450 ng/g dry matter (DM). Total PAH content of the sludge was reduced by 25% in the ambient air environment. Meteorological conditions, atmospheric deposition, evaporation and sunlight irradiation played an effective role in the variations in PAH levels during the tests carried out in ambient air environment. Moreover, it was observed that when the ring numbers of PAHs increased, their removal rates also increased. Total PAH level did not change with the addition of 5% DEA and only 10% decreased with 5% TiO2 addition. PAH removal ratios were 8% and 32% when DEA (20%) and TiO2 (20%) were added, respectively. It was concluded that DEA was a weak photo-sensitizer yet TiO2 was effective only at 20% dosage. PMID:23485234

  13. Using Vision Metrology System for Quality Control in Automotive Industries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mostofi, N.; Samadzadegan, F.; Roohy, Sh.; Nozari, M.

    2012-07-01

    The need of more accurate measurements in different stages of industrial applications, such as designing, producing, installation, and etc., is the main reason of encouraging the industry deputy in using of industrial Photogrammetry (Vision Metrology System). With respect to the main advantages of Photogrammetric methods, such as greater economy, high level of automation, capability of noncontact measurement, more flexibility and high accuracy, a good competition occurred between this method and other industrial traditional methods. With respect to the industries that make objects using a main reference model without having any mathematical model of it, main problem of producers is the evaluation of the production line. This problem will be so complicated when both reference and product object just as a physical object is available and comparison of them will be possible with direct measurement. In such case, producers make fixtures fitting reference with limited accuracy. In practical reports sometimes available precision is not better than millimetres. We used a non-metric high resolution digital camera for this investigation and the case study that studied in this paper is a chassis of automobile. In this research, a stable photogrammetric network designed for measuring the industrial object (Both Reference and Product) and then by using the Bundle Adjustment and Self-Calibration methods, differences between the Reference and Product object achieved. These differences will be useful for the producer to improve the production work flow and bringing more accurate products. Results of this research, demonstrate the high potential of proposed method in industrial fields. Presented results prove high efficiency and reliability of this method using RMSE criteria. Achieved RMSE for this case study is smaller than 200 microns that shows the fact of high capability of implemented approach.

  14. Interpretive schemata of human resource management during economic crisis: Case of producers for automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Arzenšek

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available This qualitative research investigates interpretive schemata by producers for automotive industry during the economic crisis in Slovenia. Specifically, the interest was in their Human resource management (HRM schemata in current crisis. We explained the dynamics of schema change on the basis of Piaget's theory of adaptation. In-depth interviews with CEOs, directors of HRM and leaders of trade unions served as a primary data source. In addition, comparative analysis of social responsibility as reported in companies' annual reports in 2007 and 2008 was made. Firstly, results demonstrate strategic role of HRM in chosen companies. Secondly, present economic crisis does not serve as a factor of schema change. In conclusion, participants mostly assimilate new information from environment to fit their HRM schemata. Results show the major factor for both assimilation and lack of schema change is occurrence of crisis in Slovenian companies that produce for automotive industry in the nineties.

  15. Plastic behaviour and microstructure characterization high manganese aluminium alloyed steel for the automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    D. Kuc; J. Cebulski

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: Automotive industry constantly demands high-strength steels which are characterized by the energy absorption possibilities during a collision. Such materials may, in the future, replace the currently used conventional steels. The groups of steels which meet these criteria are the austenitic steels and austenitic-ferritic steels with high manganese content (15-30%) and high aluminium content (1-9%). Design/methodology/approach: Susceptibility of steel to cracking at high temperatures ...

  16. Formation of supply chain collaboration and firm performance in the Thai automotive and electronics industries

    OpenAIRE

    Ueki, Yasushi; 植木, 靖

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines factors that encourage firms to go into supply chain collaborations (SCC) and relationships between SCC and supply chain performances (SCP), using a questionnaire survey on Thai automotive and electronics industries in 2012. OLS regression results show firms established supplier evaluation and audit system, system of rewards for high-performance supplier and long-term transactions with their supply chain partners under a competitive pressure are more closely cooperate with...

  17. The Relationship Between Initial Quality Perceptions and Maintenance Behavior: The Case of the Automotive Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Edward Conlon; Sarv Devaraj; Khalil F. Matta

    2001-01-01

    We examine the relationship between quality, represented by consumer ratings, and quality-related activities by the customer, represented by maintenance activities in the automotive industry. Based on several converging theoretical perspectives, we present and test a model relating vehicle initial quality ratings to consumers' routine maintenance. Three types of data were collected for the study: (1) vehicle service records at a local dealership, (2) primary data from a survey of vehicle owne...

  18. Decision aid tool and design approach for plastic recycling chain integration in the automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    MAUDET-CHARBUILLET, Carole; Bertoluci, Gwenola

    2007-01-01

    The many uses of plastics in our society are now compromised because of the social and environmental impacts they generate: exhaustion of petroleum resources, waste management... Plastics recycling appears to be one of the best ways to solve these problems. But Plastics Recycling Chains (PRC) are still emerging system. The automotive industry is directly concerned by plastic recycling through the End of Life Vehicles (ELV) directive which compels it to respect recycling rate for their product...

  19. A distribution network design problem in the automotive industry: MIP formulation and heuristics

    OpenAIRE

    Kchaou Boujelben, Mouna; Gicquel, Céline; Minoux, Michel

    2014-01-01

    International audience We consider a multi-product distribution network design problem arising from a case-study in the automotive industry. Based on the realistic assumptions, we introduce minimum volume, maximum covering distance and single sourcing constraints, making the problem difficult to solve for large-size instances. We thus develop several heuristic procedures using various relaxations of the original MIP formulation of the problem. In our numerical experiments, we analyze the s...

  20. Measuring the Intangible Aspects of the Manufacturing Strategy - A Case Study from the Automotive Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Henriksen, Bjørnar; Onsøyen, Lars E.

    2010-01-01

    International audience In this paper we focus on how manufacturing strategies should be measured in an increasingly complex manufacturing environment where the "traditional" quality and productivity measures are not sufficient. The paper discusses and illustrates measures, quantitative and qualitative, that are relevant for manufacturing strategies based on principles from different paradigms. From our case in the automotive industry we see that the company should measure intangible aspect...

  1. Heat treatment of cold formed steel forgings for the automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Kosec

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: In the Slovenian company ISKRA Avtoelektrika they manufacture, with the processes of cold forming, a great number of a different steel forgings for the Slovenian and European automotive industry. During their exploitation they are exposed to the high mechanical and temperature loads.Design/methodology/approach: A gas furnaces and devices play important role in the heat treatments of various metal parts for the automotive industry. Their thermotechnical characteristics have a great influence on the product quality and costs. The basic aim of our investigation work is to present the optimization of a device with emphasis on continuous control of working temperature.Findings: The efficiency and quality of the treatment were analysed with the use of: chemical analysis, hardness measurements, measurements of carbon and sulphur content in the surface layer, and metallographic examination methods.Research limitations/implications: For economical production of cold formed steel forgings for the automotive industry it is important that they have a long working life. The corresponding mechanical and thermal properties of the steel forgings are achieved by a heat treatment.Practical implications: As a practical example is presented an optimisation of the heat treatment procedure for typical cold formed steel forging for the automotive industry from the ISKRA Avtoelektrika production program. The practical result of the used heat treatment are the cold formed steel pinions with the surface hardness of approximately 65 HRC, and the case hardened depth of the surface layer approximately 0.7 mm.Originality/value: On the basis of the results of our technical investigation work and corresponding economical studies, the second device (of the same producer, type and capacity for the heat treatment was installed at the end of last year.

  2. Increasing Globalization and AFTA in 2003: What are the Prospects for the Philippine Automotive Industry?

    OpenAIRE

    Rafaelita M. Aldaba

    2000-01-01

    The Common Effective Preferential Tariff (CEPT) scheme represents the main mechanism to remove barriers to intra-ASEAN trade. Its adoption will entail intraregional tariffs ranging from zero to five percent. AFTA and the increasing globalization (which occurs through trade and foreign direct investment) of the automotive industry poses both risks and opportunities for us. The opportunities would come from the effects of a bigger market and liberalization combined with the cost advantages that...

  3. Manpower Consideration to Reduce Development Time for New Model in Automotive Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. M.Z.N. Mohamed

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available A study of manpower consideration to reduce development time for new model in automotive industry is presented in this study. The approach taken are by studying the existing practice in car development and suggesting various ways for manpower improvement such as through early involvement and input from manufacturing personnel, the proper job scope structure, proper training to the new staffs to accomplish an important task at the specific timing and clear definition of criteria for a Project Manager's appointment.

  4. R&D, IP, and firm profits in the automotive supplier industry

    OpenAIRE

    Lutz, Stefan

    2013-01-01

    Economic theory implies that research and development (R&D) efforts increase firm productivity and ultimately profits. In particular, R&D expenses lead to the development of intellectual property (IP) and IP commands a return that increases overall profits of the firm. This hypothesis is investigated for the North American automotive supplier industry by analyzing a panel of 5000 firms for the years 1950 to 2011. Results indicate that R&D expenses in fact increase profitability at the firm le...

  5. Risk sharing in the supplier relations for the Taiwanese automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    C-L Liu; S-L Chen

    2013-01-01

    This study attempts to develop a supplier's risk sharing contract to gain an understanding of risk sharing for the automotive industry in Taiwan. The existing research has examined revenue-sharing contracts between retailers and manufacturers. However, the study of suppliers’ risk-sharing contracts between manufacturers and suppliers is neglected. This paper first employs a double moral hazard framework to obtain an optimal contract, and then uses the derived model to establish research hypot...

  6. Understanding Outsourcing Relationships: Essays on trade and governance in the automotive industry.

    OpenAIRE

    Schmitt, Alexander

    2015-01-01

    Outsourcing---the practice of contracting out certain stages of production to external suppliers---is an increasingly important feature of the globalized economy. This dissertation studies outsourcing relationships in the automotive industry to refine understanding of the theory of the firm. It is composed of three essays, each covering a different question on the structure of outsourcing relationships. The first essay investigates the determinants of supplier choice, where three dimensions o...

  7. Should HIV and AIDS workplace programmes still be advocated in the automotive industry?

    OpenAIRE

    Liana Steenkamp; Jill von der Marwitz; Friederike Baasner-Weihs; Jacques Pietersen

    2015-01-01

    Orientation: In light of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemic, and in order to improve competitiveness in the South African private sector, many structures have implemented subsidised workplace programmes.Research purpose: The aim of this study was to collect baseline data regarding the knowledge, attitudes, practices and belief (KAPB) of employees in the automotive industry in relation to HIV and AIDS, in order to assess the need for HIV and AIDS workplace programmes.Motivation fo...

  8. Effect of Necessary Factors for Deploying E-Business Models on Business Performance in Automotive Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Mohsen Shafiei Nikabadi; Laya Olfat; Ahmad Jafarian; Hassan Alibabaei Khamene

    2013-01-01

    The main goal of this article is to survey effects of necessary factors for deploying e-business models on business performance in automotive industry. Today, application of information technology and internet in business is turned to a critical tool to gain competitive advantages in business. The impact of e-businesses is so that changed competitive approach between companies from traditional to modern models. In this study, first, necessary key factors of implementing e-business in automoti...

  9. Interpretive schemata of human resource management during economic crisis: Case of producers for automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Arzenšek

    2010-01-01

    This qualitative research investigates interpretive schemata by producers for automotive industry during the economic crisis in Slovenia. Specifically, the interest was in their Human resource management (HRM) schemata in current crisis. We explained the dynamics of schema change on the basis of Piaget's theory of adaptation. In-depth interviews with CEOs, directors of HRM and leaders of trade unions served as a primary data source. In addition, comparative analysis of social responsibili...

  10. Characterisation of 'class A' polymer composites for the automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    Schubel, Peter James

    2004-01-01

    This thesis addresses problems associated with surface quality measurement and residual volatile organic compounds for composite laminates intended for use as cosmetic body parts based on unsaturated polyester resin containing shrinkage control additives. Surface quality measurement techniques were compared for composite laminates allowing for rapid characterisation and benchmarked to industrial standards. Thermal desorption and solvent elution techniques were used for the detection of residu...

  11. Review of Relationship Between Increase of Capital and Shares Return in Automotive and Cement Industries at Tehran Stocks Exchange

    OpenAIRE

    Gholamhossein Gholami; Ramin Ansarian; Ali Etemadi; Hamide Rasi

    2012-01-01

    This study is intended to consider relationship between Increase of capital and Shares return in Automotive and Cement industries at Tehran Stocks Exchange. Statistical population under this study consists of any related companies to Automotive and Cement industries which were accepted in Tehran Stocks Exchange during 2005 to 2010. The Statistical population has been divided to experimental and control group, while experimental group faced with increase in capital the other group was not; 27 ...

  12. Review of Relationship between Capital and Stock Return in Automotive and Cement Industries at Tehran Stock Exchange

    OpenAIRE

    Gholamhossein Gholami; Ramin Ansarian; Ali Etemadi; Hamide Rasi

    2012-01-01

    This study is intended to consider relationship between Increase of capital and Shares return in Automotive and Cement industries at Tehran Stocks Exchange. Statistical population under this study consists of any related companies to Automotive and Cement industries which were accepted in Tehran Stocks Exchange during 2005 to 2010. The Statistical population has been divided to experimental and control group, while experimental group faced with increase in capital the other group was not; 27 ...

  13. THE KEY ACTIVITIES OF GREEN LOGISTICS MANAGEMENT IN THE THAI AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thanyaphat Muangpan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Thai automotive industry needs to be developed for understanding activities management on inbound logistics that is an essential element of business operations for a manufacturing firm. The purpose of research is to study the main activities of green logistics management (inbound logistics in the Thai automotive industry. Survey research was used in this study to collect data by sampling from the people in the field of logistics and environmental management of Thai automotive industry to examine the key activities of Green logistics management. Inferential statistics analysis using Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA is applied to determine the key activities that influence to the logistics management in the sense of environmental friendly. There are two finding of research. Firstly, the conceptual framework presents three dimensions i.e. Green Transportation Activity (GTA, Green Purchasing Activity (GPA and Green Inventory Activity (GIA for key activities of green logistics management (inbound logistics. Secondly, the measurement model of the main three activities that GTA, GPA, and GIA are tested. The Goodness of fit statistic is 0.546. These suggest the fit of collected data to the hypothesized model.

  14. Should HIV and AIDS workplace programmes still be advocated in the automotive industry?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liana Steenkamp

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: In light of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV pandemic, and in order to improve competitiveness in the South African private sector, many structures have implemented subsidised workplace programmes.Research purpose: The aim of this study was to collect baseline data regarding the knowledge, attitudes, practices and belief (KAPB of employees in the automotive industry in relation to HIV and AIDS, in order to assess the need for HIV and AIDS workplace programmes.Motivation for the study: Given the abundance of HIV and AIDS information, the question is whether these workplace programmes’ efforts are still relevant.Research design, approach and method: A quantitative descriptive study design was used using a self-administered questionnaire covering questions about KAPB with regard to HIV and AIDS. The data collection took place in seven automotive supplier companies in South Africa (n = 733 who were going to implement HIV and AIDS workplace programmes with the support of the Automotive Industry Development Centre in the Eastern Cape.Main findings: High-risk behaviour, as indicated by sexual relations with more than one partner in the last 12 months, occurred in between 12% (management and 42% (cleaners of employees. All risk behaviour indicators showed significant differences (p < 0.05 between management and administrative staff on the one hand and technicians, operators and cleaners on the other. Despite being aware of an HIV policy, more than 50% of employees indicated that they would not be willing to disclose their status.Practical/managerial implications: As HIV and AIDS risk behaviour and stigma remain a problem, HIV infection with associated health problems may threaten productivity in the automotive industry if no measures are taken to address the impact on employees and the company.Contribution: This study strongly supports the conclusion that KAPB studies can still provide important information to tailor HIV workplace

  15. Nanotechnology patents in the automotive industry (a quantitative & qualitative analysis).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasad, Raghavendra; Bandyopadhyay, Tapas K

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the article is to present a trend in patent filings for application of nanotechnology to the automobile sector across the world, using the keyword-based patent search. Overviews of the patents related to nano technology in the automobile industry have been provided. The current work has started from the worldwide patent search to find the patents on nanotechnology in the automobile industry and classify the patents according to the various parts of an automobile to which they are related and the solutions which they are providing. In the next step various graphs have been produced to get an insight into various trends. In next step, analysis of patents in various classifications, have been performed. The trends shown in graphs provide the quantitative analysis whereas; the qualitative analysis has been done in another section. The classifications of patents based on the solution they provide have been performed by reading the claims, titles, abstract and full texts separately. Patentability of nano technology inventions have been discussed in a view to give an idea of requirements and statutory bars to the patentability of nanotechnology inventions. Another objective of the current work is to suggest appropriate framework for the companies regarding use of nano technology in the automobile industry and a suggestive strategy for patenting of the inventions related to the same. For example, US Patent, with patent number US2008-019426A1 discusses the invention related to Lubricant composition. This patent has been studied and classified to fall under classification of automobile parts. After studying this patent, it is deduced that, the problem of friction in engine is being solved by this patent. One classification is the "automobile part" based while other is the basis of "problem being solved". Hence, two classifications, namely reduction in friction and engine were created. Similarly, after studying all the patents, a similar matrix has been created

  16. A materials selection procedure for sandwiched beams via parametric optimization with applications in automotive industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Sandwich panels optimization model. • Sandwich panels design procedure. • Study of sandwich panels for automotive vehicle flooring. • Study of sandwich panels for truck cabin exterior. - Abstract: The future of automotive industry faces many challenges in meeting increasingly strict restrictions on emissions, energy usage and recyclability of components alongside the need to maintain cost competiveness. Weight reduction through innovative design of components and proper material selection can have profound impact towards attaining such goals since most of the lifecycle energy usage occurs during the operation phase of a vehicle. In electric and hybrid vehicles, weight reduction has another important effect of extending the electric mode driving range between stops or gasoline mode. This paper adopts parametric models for design optimization and material selection of sandwich panels with the objective of weight and cost minimization subject to structural integrity constraints such as strength, stiffness and buckling resistance. The proposed design procedure employs a pre-compiled library of candidate sandwich panel material combinations, for which optimization of the layered thicknesses is conducted and the best one is reported. Example demonstration studies from the automotive industry are presented for the replacement of Aluminum and Steel panels with polypropylene-filled sandwich panel alternatives

  17. The organization of the automotive industry in an international context: a cost functions frontiers approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The international automotive industry is under pinned by a dual recurrent movement of concentration and internationalization of the production. Its recent scale was the consequence of a set of strategies developed by the major auto-makers to cope with two exogenous phenomenon affecting the automotive industry. On one hand, we are talking about the saturation of the traditional automotive markets (North America, Western Europe and Japan). On the other hand, the increasing severity of the major regulations concerning the industry, notably the ones about environmental protection, is involved. The first part of the dissertation is first devoted to underline these two exogenous phenomenon, then the major strategies adopted by the auto-makers to face them are defined. Finally, the analysis turns on the resulting increase of the concentration and of the internationalization of the production. We focus on this last point and on the problem of international location of industrial activities faced by the auto-makers because of it. The second part is about providing an empirical framework to help solving these problems through parametric stochastic cost production frontiers and cost-efficiency levels. For this purpose, the analytical foundations of both of these notions are introduced, then several empirical estimation methods of a cost frontier are exposed. Finally, these methods are used to treat two real examples illustrating some of the problems about the international location of the productive activities of a major auto-maker. The point for him is to choose the most favorable configuration of its industrial system, by comparing the competing solutions through their respective cost-efficiency levels. The benefit of using additional data analysis methods to draw these comparisons is shown. (author)

  18. The impact of ISO/TS 16949 on automotive industries and created organizational capabilities from its implementation

    OpenAIRE

    Bakhtiar Ostadi; Mohammad Aghdasi; Reza Baradaran Kazemzadeh

    2010-01-01

    ISO/TS 16949 is an ISO Technical Specification. ISO/TS 16949 achieves the objectives which are continually to improve the production of automobile parts and related services, and to strengthen the international competition for the automotive industry and its suppliers. By applying this quality system standard, automotive manufacturers could offer superior products and good services to customers. The more the companies know about the benefits if quality management systems such as ISO/TS 16949,...

  19. Supply Chain difficulties in the Operational Leasing industry : A case study of ALD Automotive

    OpenAIRE

    Forslöf, Oscar; Jazic, Armen

    2012-01-01

    Abstract In today’s competitive world companies strive to be best in class and at the same time have high revenue. They try to sell the best products, deliver the best service and at the same time reduce costs in order to make high profits. They strive for high efficiency at all levels of the organization as well as reduced costs where possible. This report examines a company in the operational leasing industry, ALD Automotive. The company is a part of Société Générale, a Financial Services c...

  20. Release rates and environmental impact of zinc-nickel coatings in the automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    Åslund, Johan

    2006-01-01

    At present the automotive industry is due to an EU directive, replacing hexavalent chrome on vehicles. This is an extensive job as hexavalent chrome is used all over the vehicle and to large extent on fasteners (screws, nuts, rivets etc.). Chrome (VI) is used as a passivating layer on mainly zinc-iron. When replacing the hexavalent chrome with a chrome (VI) free product, the passivating properties are reduced. One of the alternatives is to replace the zinc-iron coating with a zinc-nickel coat...

  1. Optimizing the value chain in the automotive industry using B2B portals

    OpenAIRE

    Smit, Danie; Kroeze, Jan H; Kirlidog, Melih

    2010-01-01

    Successfully implementing ICT projects is a significant challenge for ICT managers. This paper addresses this problem by adding insights regarding critical success factors of B2B portals in the automotive industry to the existing knowledge in the field of ICT. It might be argued that if a company can become a leader and be more competent than other companies in using B2B portals in optimising the value chain, it should obtain a competitive advantage. ICT managers can potentially use the criti...

  2. Security Policies for Web Service Invocation of Automotive Industry Chain Collaboration Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAN Min

    2007-01-01

    To meet the actual requirements of an automotive industry chain collaboration platform (AICCP), this paper offers several simple but effective security policies based upon the traditional security mechanism of data transfer, including user ID verification with SOAP (simple object access protocol). header, SOAP message encryption with SOAP extension and XML(extensible markup language) file encryption and decryption. Application of these policies to the AICCP for more than one year proves the effectiveness of the data exchange practice between the AICCP and enterprise Intranet.

  3. Impact behaviour of an innovative plasticized poly(vinyl chloride) for the automotive industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernard, C. A.; Bahlouli, N.; Wagner-Kocher, C.; Ahzi, S.; Rémond, Y.

    2015-09-01

    Plasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PPVC) is widely used in the automotive industry in the design of structural parts for crashworthiness applications. Thus, it is necessary to study and understand the influence of the mechanical response and mechanical properties of PPVC over a wide range of strain rate, from quasi-static to dynamic loadings. The process is also investigated using different sample thicknesses. In this work, the strain rate effect of a new PPVC is investigated over a wide range of strain rates at three temperatures and for three thicknesses. A modelling of the yield stress is also proposed. The numerical prediction is in good agreement with the experimental results.

  4. Lead remotion of automotive batteries recycling industry wastewater by the aquatic macrofit eichhornia crassipes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franciele Aní Caovilla Follador

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to evaluate the efficiency of the lead absorption by the aquatic macrofit Eichhornia crassipes in the wastewater treatment of an automotive batteries recycling industry located at county of Paula de Freitas, state of Paraná, Brazil. For that, the relation of humid green mass of water hyacinth by solution volume was optimized and, in follow the method was employed in the industrial wastewater treatment. The results permitted to conclude that the lead and other metals (Fe, Cu, Zn e Cr absorption efficiency depends straightly of the water hyacinth mass (g by solution volume (L, being 40 and 50 g L-1 the more efficient relations showing equivalents results in wastewaters containing until 30 mg L-1 of contaminant. Factors as pH and temperature in the analyzed values no had an expressive influence. For the treatment of wastewater contaminated by lead of the small and mean industries which recycle automotive batteries, the utilization of water hyacinth is practicable in the optimized conditions. It´s necessary a refined study for the definition of the best alternative of treatment/final disposal of the water hyacinth biomass after the wastewater treatment.Key-words: green house, composting, stabilization lagoon, heavy metal.

  5. INNOVATION IN THE EUROPEAN VALUE CHAIN: THE CASE OF THE ROMANIAN AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alina Petronela NEGREA

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Entrepreneurs’ and regional stakeholder’s capacity to turn knowledge, skills and competencies into sustainable competitive advantage is crucial to a region' economic performance. The article attempts to reveal their synergy by gathering evidence in the particular context of the Romanian automotive industry. Based on primary data collected through structured inter¬views and experiential visits, the research is organized around three investigative themes: (1 entrepreneurs’ approach to and perception on innovation, (2 factors affecting innovation, and (3 networking and knowledge diffusion in the regional productive environment. The findings emphasize the convergent opinion of the regional stakeholders on the vital role innovation plays at the current stage of the industry and the key role entrepreneurs have in stimulating innovation in the regional context. A series of three factors underlay the innovative performance at regional and industry level, namely the presence of an innovation friendly business environment, entrepreneurs’ personality, as well as the external competitive environment.

  6. The Financial Analysis of the Hungarian Automotive Industry Based on Profitability and Capital Structure Ratios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabor Szucs

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The present study aims to investigate the economic processes taking place in the Hungarian automotive industry primarily by means of descriptive and multivariate statistical models. The purpose of the analysis is to present the performance of the sector via the ratios describing the operation. First the database and the applied methods – which are the factor and cluster analysis – will be described. Statement of the results begins with a descriptive statistical analysis of the financial ratios, where besides market share we get a whole picture of the operation of the determinative companies of the branch and the factors influencing the last six years. The capital structure ratios are examined in a separate chapter, where the changes of the last 10 years can be followed. The multivariate statistical models try to present a complex picture of the characteristics of the economic field and the underlying boundaries by means of the different ratios. On the basis of these findings, the study concludes that the automotive industry, which is named as a driving force of the economy, maintains its unbroken momentum predominantly due to the foreign-owned segment. Despite the given circumstances, the role of the liabilities is not of great importance.

  7. Pineapple leaf fiber as reinforce in composite materials, an alternative for automotive industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The composites appear as an extremely favorable alternative for different industries, due to the fact that it combines the best mechanical properties with the best physic-chemical properties of two or more materials. Nowadays, in the evaluation of materials, besides criteria such as economic viability and performance, the environmental criterion was included in this evaluation. Part of the environmental criteria is the use of biodegradable materials and/or recycled materials. In this sense, researches focused on vegetal fibers, as reinforcement in composites are growing considerably and positive results for its performance were achieved. Moreover, the environmental-friendly approach not only is the unique advantage on usage of vegetal fibers, but also it has an economical advantage, because of the low cost and good performance due to low density. The fiber extracted from the pineapple leaf (PALF) is a new alternative for automotive industry as cellulose-based fiber composite. In this sense, the present paper aims to present the characterization of the pineapple leaf fiber for manufacturing the automotive composite materials. Milled pineapple fibers extracted, in two different ways and submitted to mercerisation treatments, were characterized by mechanical and thermal properties; density; morphology; FTIR spectroscopy, EDX and X-ray diffraction. It is important to characterize the fibers, in order to obtain appropriate mechanical properties of composite. (author)

  8. Identifying Critical Success Factors for TQM and Employee Performance in Malaysian Automotive Industry: A Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadia Dedy, Aimie; Zakuan, Norhayati; Zaidi Bahari, Ahamad; Ariff, Mohd Shoki Md; Chin, Thoo Ai; Zameri Mat Saman, Muhamad

    2016-05-01

    TQM is a management philosophy embracing all activities through which the needs and expectations of the customer and the community and the goals of the companies are satisfied in the most efficient and cost effective way by maximizing the potential of all workers in a continuing drive for total quality improvement. TQM is very important to the company especially in automotive industry in order for them to survive in the competitive global market. The main objective of this study is to review a relationship between TQM and employee performance. Authors review updated literature on TQM study with two main targets: (a) evolution of TQM considering as a set of practice, (b) and its impacts to employee performance. Therefore, two research questions are proposed in order to review TQM constructs and employee performance measure: (a) Is the set of critical success factors associated with TQM valid as a whole? (b) What is the critical success factors should be considered to measure employee performance in automotive industry?

  9. Supply Chain Performance Improvement Strategy Through Quality of Synergy in The Automotive Components Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tri Purwani

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study were 1 develop a new concept of Bilateral Symmetry, which is the ability of similarity based on transparency and standardization, 2 conduct empirical testing and analyzing the effect of bilateral symmetry to the improved supply chain performance through quality of synergy in industrial automotive components. The study population includes the entire automotive component industry in Indonesia. This study used sample of 105 respondents using purposive sampling method to comply with the AMOS program. The study result shows that the ability of similarity standardization and the ability of the similarity of transparency have positive significant impact on the quality of synergy, and quality of synergy have positive significant impact on the supply chain performance. In addition, from the results of hypothesis testing found two strategies that can improve supply chain performance with 1 increasing the ability of similarity standardization and 2 improve transparency through quality of synergy.Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengembangkan konsep baru bilateral symmetry, yang merupakan kemampuan kesamaan berdasarkan transparansi dan standarisasi, dan melakukan pengujian empiris dan menganalisis pengaruh simetri bilateral untuk peningkatan kinerja rantai pasokan melalui kualitas sinergi pada komponen otomotif industri. Populasi penelitian meliputi seluruh industri komponen otomotif di Indonesia. Penelitian ini menggunakan sampel 105 responden dengan menggunakan metode purposive sampling dan dianalisis dengan program AMOS. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kemampuan kesamaan standarisasi dan kemampuan kesamaan transparansi berdampak signifikan positif pada kualitas sinergi, dan kualitas sinergi berdampak signifikan positif terhadap kinerja rantai pasokan. Selain itu, dari hasil pengujian hipotesis menemukan dua strategi yang dapat meningkatkan kinerja supply chain dengan meningkatkan kemampuan kesamaan standarisasi dan

  10. Status and Outlook for the U.S. Non-Automotive Fuel Cell Industry: Impacts of Government Policies and Assessment of Future Opportunities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Greene, David L. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Duleep, K. G. [ICF International, Fairfax, VA (United States); Upreti, Girish [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)

    2011-05-15

    Non-Automotive Fuel Cell Industry, Government Policy and Future Opportunities. Fuel cells (FCs)are considered essential future energy technologies by developed and developing economies alike. Several countries, including the United States, Japan, Germany,and South Korea have established publicly funded R&D and market transformation programs to develop viable domestic FC industries for both automotive and nonautomotive applications.

  11. Performance measurement of the after-sales service network: Evidence from the automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahnoush Shahrouzi Fard

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an empirical investigation to determine important factors influencing on customer satisfaction in after-sales service network of automotive industry. The study designs two questionnaires, one for measuring the quality of after-sales services and the other for measuring customers’ satisfaction. The study selects a sample of 265 randomly selected customers out of 850 people who received the services from an automotive firm in Iran. Cronbach alpha has calculated as 0.82, which is well above the minimum desirable level. Using Spearman correlation the study has detected a positive and meaningful relationship between services and customer satisfaction (r=0.48, Sig. =0.01, a positive relationship between being responsiveness and customer satisfaction (r=0.51, Sig. =0.01 and finally a positive relationship between speed of operation customer satisfaction (r=0.45, Sig. = 0.01. Moreover, there was a positive and meaningful relationship between cost of services and customer satisfaction (r=0.68, Sig. = 0.01 and a positive relationship between quality of services of after-sales services and customer satisfaction (r = 0.61, Sig. =0.01.

  12. Critical Success Factors for Implementing Lean Manufacturing in Malaysian Automotive Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.N.M. Rose

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The challenges faced by automotive manufacturers had made them looked into Lean Manufacturing (LM which was implemented by Toyota Motor a long time ago. In Malaysia, the two main car manufacturers are PROTON and PERODUA; these two manufacturers offer good opportunity to large local companies and Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs to participate in the automotive component manufacturing industry. The main objective of this study is to explore and investigate the level of perceptions on the importance and extent of practice with respect to 13 Critical Success Factors (CSFs for LM implementation. To perform this study, a survey instrument that consists of 13 CSFs and 78 items was developed and distributed to local companies. The comparison was carried out on each of these CSFs based on perception, number of years and company size. The statistical analysis using the Kruskal Wallis test had identified four basic critical success factors for both SMEs and large companies with respect to the perception on the importance and extent of practice. Further study probes into the outcomes of the exploration on feasible LM practices.

  13. Causal Analysis of ISO/TS16949 Efforts in Automotive Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakuan, Norhayati; Ariff, Mohd Shoki Md; Norfian Alifiah, Mohd; Mohd Yusof, Shari; Zameri Mat Saman, Muhamad

    2014-06-01

    The principal aim of this study is to determine the impact of ISO/TS16949 efforts on total quality management (TQM) and the ISO/TS16949 efforts relationship in Malaysian automotive industry. A survey method was employed to collect data using English version for Malaysian respondents. Exploratory factor analysis and reliability analysis empirically verified and validated the underlying items of TQM, ISO/TS16949 and organizational performance. Structural equation modeling was employed to test the proposed model. Data analysis revealed that TQM implementations have a strong and positive impact on organizational performance through direct relationship as well as through a mediating role of ISO/TS16949 efforts. From the research findings, it is viable to recommend that ISO/TS16949 should be incorporated with philosophy and methods of TQM to achieve better performance. This study proved to be valuable to academic researchers as well as automotive practitioners. It systematically analyzes the mediating effect of ISO/TS16949 efforts on TQM and organizational performance relationship.

  14. Corrosion behaviour of the welded steel sheets used in automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Katundi

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: of this paper is to characterise the corrosion resistance in the steel sheets (Hot dip galvanizing of steel sheets used in automotive industry. In fact, corrosion of automotive components by road salt is a widely known problem. The different parts under the car body and the interior surface of body panels suffer easily from the corrosive products deposited on roads and used mainly to melt snow. A comparison in a chemical investigation of the corrosion rate for base metals (without welding and welded steel is required. Therefore, conformity will be accomplished between the corrosion phenomena in simulated corrosion tests and those in actual cars.Design/methodology/approach: Simulated corrosion tests, wet/humidity test and hot dust/dry cycle talk test carried on in laboratory conditions was investigated quantitatively. Dynamic behaviour of the corroded specimens have been tested dynamically to simulate under the crash test conditions.Findings: Studies carried out on the vast corroded samples have shown that the pitting corrosion damage and crack initiation sites have began and propagated generally in the HAZ in the welded steel sheets (Tailored welded blanks - TWB.Research limitations/implications: This paper contains partially results of a common research project. Some limitations exist in application of hot dust/dry cycle talk to the real open air test conditions. All of these results were carried out in the laboratory conditions.Practical implications: The problem is of extreme importance to all academic, scientific, manufacturing, maintenance and industrial societies. The outcome of the proposed study will contribute to the industrial application of ARCELOR-MITTAL. The proposed study will be benefit not only for the car industry and steel makers, but also important for the other industrial applications. The proposed research can be employed in a broad range of applications in oil and natural gas industries. This project will promote

  15. Globalization and the Need for Strategic Government-Industry Cooperation in the Philippine Automotive Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Aldaba, Rafaelita M.

    2008-01-01

    The industry's lack of competitiveness, absence of economies of scale and a weak supply base are the fundamental issues that must be addressed in order to strengthen the industry and integrate it with regional production networks of foreign automakers. The entry of cheap, smuggled second-hand vehicles has put tremendous pressure on the industry. Immediate government action to address smuggling and design a coherent set of policies and a comprehensive strategy to improve industry competitivene...

  16. Mediator Effect of TPM between TQM and Business Performance in Malaysia Automotive Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmad, M. F.; Zakuan, N.; Rasi, Raja Zuraidah R. M.; Hisyamudin, M. N. N.

    2015-05-01

    Total Quality Management (TQM) is vital management tool in ensuring a company can success in the continuously growing competition in the global market. In order to survive in the global market with intense competition amongst regions and enterprises, the adoption of tools and techniques are essential in improving business performance. However, only few previous studies have examined the mediators and moderators between TQM and business performance. This present research proposed a TQM performance model with mediator effect of TPM with structural equation modelling, which is a more comprehensive model for developing countries, specifically for Malaysia. A questionnaire was prepared and sent to 1500 companies from automotive industry and the related vendors in Malaysia, giving a 21.3 per cent rate. The result concludes that TPM is partial mediation between and TQM and Business Performance with indirect effect (IE) is 0.25 which can be categorised as high mediator effect.

  17. Integration Of The Security Sub-Modules Elements In The Automotive Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallego, C.; Fernández, M.; Caires, A. S.; Cañibano, E.

    2007-05-01

    This study is addressed to obtain a design methodology for integrated security sub-modules (constituting the suspension and steering modules) in the car manufacturing industry. The sub-modules are made up of a steel structure and anchorage elements (rubber-metal or plastic-metal), which undergo separate surface treatments to prevent corrosion. Afterwards, the elements are traditionally joined by means of adhesives and screws. This process involves a great number of stages, low quality union methods and generation of corrosion areas that shorten its useful life. This methodology provides automotive suppliers an additional added value and cost reduction, allowing them to increase its competitiveness in a sector that faces the transition from the traditional supply chain to a strategic value chain.

  18. The effects of reconditioning by welding of crankshafts in automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Chivu

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The reconditioning by welding process applied to the crankshafts in the automotive industry can be carried out by using various reconditioning technologies that are based on different welding parameters and processes. This paper presents a comparison between Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW and Welding in Gas (WIG reconditioning processes from the perspective of the metallographic analysis conducted on the zones resulted after the depositing process. The heat cycle resulted during the two welding processes influences in a different manner the welding behavior of the base material due to the occurrence of micro-structural changes in the main zones of the deposit. The occurred structural changes may influence to a significant degree the operating behavior of the structures repaired by welding.

  19. Customer Ranking Model for Project Businesses: A Case Study from the Automotive Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernd Markus Zunk

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available For technology-orientated enterprises that operate project-based businesses, the goal-oriented allocation of scarce marketing resources has great potential to help consolidate their competitive position. An important precondition for goal-oriented management is the identification of the most valuable customers. This enables technology-orientated enterprises to segment markets in order to make tactical marketing decisions. This theorybased paper aims to develop and test a holistic customer ranking model. By deploying the five steps presented in this paper, customer relationship managers are better able to identify and to rank their customers in project-based businesses. A case study provides an example of the application of the method from the automotive industry in Austria. The experiences derived from this case study show that using a customer ranking framework is a crucial factor for enterprises in narrow technology markets to be successful and to achieve their corporate goals.

  20. Nanotechnology in automotive industry: research strategy and trends for the future-small objects, big impacts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coelho, Margarida C; Torrão, Guilhermina; Emami, Nazanin; Grácio, José

    2012-08-01

    The goal of this paper is to emphasize and present briefly the nanotechnology science and its potential impact on the automotive industry in order to improve the production of recent models with an optimization of the safety performance and a reduction in the environmental impacts. Nanomaterials can be applied in car bodies as light weight constructions without compromising the stiffness and crashwortiness, which means less material and less fuel consumption. This paper outlines the progress of nanotechnology applications into the safety features of more recent vehicle models and fuel efficiency, but also emphasis the importance of sustainable development on the application of these technologies and life cycle analysis of the considered materials, in order to meet the society trends and customers demands to improve ecology, safety and comfort. PMID:22962798

  1. Integration Of The Security Sub-Modules Elements In The Automotive Industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study is addressed to obtain a design methodology for integrated security sub-modules (constituting the suspension and steering modules) in the car manufacturing industry. The sub-modules are made up of a steel structure and anchorage elements (rubber-metal or plastic-metal), which undergo separate surface treatments to prevent corrosion. Afterwards, the elements are traditionally joined by means of adhesives and screws. This process involves a great number of stages, low quality union methods and generation of corrosion areas that shorten its useful life.This methodology provides automotive suppliers an additional added value and cost reduction, allowing them to increase its competitiveness in a sector that faces the transition from the traditional supply chain to a strategic value chain

  2. Ergonomics and Kaizen as strategies for competitiveness: a theoretical and practical in an automotive industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieira, Leandro; Balbinotti, Giles; Varasquin, Adriano; Gontijo, Leila

    2012-01-01

    With increased international competitiveness in the automotive industry, came the concern of the companies save costs and lower production costs. For this purpose many ways are designed to reduce costs and waste of raw materials and reduce activities that do not aggregate value to manufacturing processes. In the early XVII appears the manufacturing system, which processes were hard with little concern for the health and safety of employees and conditions of the workplace. After the advent of the production system called lean manufacturing, a new paradigm in terms of production system capable of providing high levels of productivity and quality. It is based on waste elimination that occur during the production process. After began a new way of thinking, creating a culture of continuous improvement and lean process with no waste and reducing costs, without neglecting the welfare worker and improving the conditions of their work environment. This paper presents a reflection on the application of ergonomics in a lean production system of an automotive industry, using methodology based on the Kaizen (Continuous Improvement) to gain performance and improving the conditions of the workplace, also will be presented with positive and negative points in using this methodology in relation to ergonomics. The research will be conducted by collecting data 'in loco' and interviews with workers. Some studies show that in companies that are lean system and using the methodology of Kaizen, the results of product quality, levels of absenteeism and accidents are better than those obtained in companies that do not apply the same concept. PMID:22316967

  3. Analysis of the Theoretical Relationships Between Product and Production Modularity and their Implications in the Automotive Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kubota, Flávio Issao; Cauchick Miguel, Paulo Augusto; Hsuan, Juliana

    Research in modularity design and in production systems in the automotive industry is increasing, as many Western and Japanese firms are applying this concept. This study focuses the relationships between modularity in design (MID) and production (MIP). After analysing 60 papers on MID and MIP in...... automotive companies, it was observed that some publications suggest that relationships between MID and MIP can be twoways, i.e. not only the former affects the latter, but the latter also affects the former. Conclusively, the relationships between MID and MIP are relevant and future studies should emphasise...

  4. A Comparative Investigation of Spatial Organization and Industrial Location Interaction in Context of the Automotive Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Senlier, Nihal; Salihoglu, Tayfun; Yildiz, Reyhan

    2011-01-01

    Otomotive industry has an important role as one of the locomotive sectors of the economy in the world due to the leadership of technological development. Today, as a strategic industry, it draw attention from all countries, rapidly globalization and competition is hardly exist. In recent years, Turkey has been an important peripherial region for European otomotive geography as a result of desantralization policies and development strategies towards new regions of European otomobile industry s...

  5. Effectiveness of R&D project selection in uncertain environment: An empirical study in the German automotive supplier industry

    OpenAIRE

    Herstatt, Cornelius; Sandau, Jürgen

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents results of an empirical large-scale study on uncertainty reduction of R&D projects and R&D project selection. The empirical field is the German automotive supplier industry. We explore R&D project selection practices in this specific industry and briefly contrast our findings with the academic research and management literature in this field. We concentrate on answering three research questions (with focus on questions no. 1 and 2): I. Which information and related uncerta...

  6. Enabling information sharing by establishing trust in supply chains: A case study in the South African automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    Roxanne Piderit; Stephen Flowerday; Rossouw Von Solms

    2011-01-01

    Background: The significant economic importance of the country’s automotive industry provided the context for this study. The success of the industry relies on the effectiveness and efficiency of the supply chain, which can be significantly affected by the strength of the supply chain relationships. The role of trust and information sharing in relation to two key theories was considered, namely: organisational information processing theory and game theory. Previous studies have recognised the...

  7. Synergy of fuzzy AHP and Six Sigma for capacity waste management in Indian automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajeev Rathi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Capacity waste management is highly essential because under utilization of capacity is often referred to as a major reason for lower productivity among industries around the world. For better estimation of capacity and its utilization and then for its improved management; newer techniques are being devised in industrial sector. The current case of capacity waste problem has been taken up as a Six Sigma project, where we try to analyze critical factors responsible for the capacity waste. Decisions on critical factor selection in analysis phase of Six Sigma are always very crucial. The paper discusses an approach for selection of capacity waste factors at an automotive industry using fuzzy logic based AHP method. The fuzzy AHP is a well recognized tool to undertake the fuzziness of the data involved in choosing the preferences of the different decision variables engaged in the process of capacity waste factors selection. In this context, we have explored six crucial parameters for selection of capacity waste factors. Final ranking is calculated through priority vector thus obtained and it is seen that conveyor malfunction is found to be the key factor for capacity waste among all alternatives at the selected site.

  8. Management status of end-of-life vehicles and development strategies of used automotive electronic control components recycling industry in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Junjun; Chen, Ming

    2012-11-01

    Recycling companies play a leading role in the system of end-of-life vehicles (ELVs) in China. Automotive manufacturers in China are rarely involved in recycling ELVs, and they seldom provide dismantling information for recycling companies. In addition, no professional shredding plant is available. The used automotive electronic control components recycling industry in China has yet to take shape because of the lack of supporting technology and profitable models. Given the rapid growth of the vehicle population and electronic control units in automotives in China, the used automotive electronic control components recycling industry requires immediate development. This paper analyses the current recycling system of ELVs in China and introduces the automotive product recycling technology roadmap as well as the recycling industry development goals. The strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and challenges of the current used automotive electronic control components recycling industry in China are analysed comprehensively based on the 'strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats' (SWOT) method. The results of the analysis indicate that this recycling industry responds well to all the factors and has good opportunities for development. Based on the analysis, new development strategies for the used automotive electronic control components recycling industry in accordance with the actual conditions of China are presented. PMID:22843351

  9. Experimental Investigation of Resistance Spot Welding for Sheet Metals Used in Automotive Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jou, Min

    Resistance spot welding (RSW) is used for the fabrication of sheet metal assemblies. The major advantages of spot welding are high speed and adaptability for automation in high-volume and/or high-rate production. Despite these advantages, resistance spot welding suffers from a major problem of inconsistent quality from weld to weld. This problem results from both the complexity of the basic process as well as from numerous sources of variability, noise, and errors. Any or all of these complicate automation, reduce weld quality, demand over welding and drive up production costs. For this reason, ensuring weld quality has been and remains a major challenge and goal. The objective of this research is to explore the phenomenon of how changes in a controllable parameter of % heat input affect a measurable output signal indicative of strength and weld quality for various sheet steels used in the automotive industry. The approach of this research is to create a relationship between a key process input variable and the key process output of a quality weld. The input parameter chosen is % heat input, as this directly effects the size and strength of the resulting weld. The output chosen is electrode displacement, as this has been shown to accurately reflect the formation and growth of a weld nugget. A series of experiments was conducted to explore how changes of % heat input and process variations affect the electrode displacement curve for various sheet steels used in the automotive industry. Experimental results show that the electrode displacement increased when higher % heat input was applied. Weld nugget starts to grow when electrode velocity cube changes from positive to negative. Characteristic electrode displacement curves were developed for process variations. A poor part fit-up condition shifted the electrode displacement curve to the right as a result of a smaller weld nugget being formed. Worn electrode lowers the electrode displacement curve. For bare steel

  10. Automotive Corporate Strategy in CEE

    OpenAIRE

    Kadlecová, Petra

    2009-01-01

    The diploma thesis shows the status of the automotive industry in the Czech Republic. It shows the trends in the Czech automotive industry in short theoretical presentation. There is a trend of the future competition from developing countries, other problems are growing raw material prices or government's limits in CO2 production. The companies connected to the automotive industry are reacting. The relevant information about the status and reactions of the Czech automotive industry companies,...

  11. Računalniško obvladovanje kakovosti v avtomobilski industriji: Computer-supported quality control in the automotive industry:

    OpenAIRE

    SLUGA, Alojzij; Metljak, Drago

    2001-01-01

    We present a computer-supported system for monitoring and quality control in a supply chain in the automotive industry. A standardized general model of a factory revealing the structure of the important business and manufacture functions, including functions of the CAQ (computer-aided quality) system, is defined. Within the model there is an emphasis on(1) the measurement and control of process and products, and(2) the management of nonconformities and systematic corrective and preventive act...

  12. Methodology for design and implementation of the TQM (Total Quality Management) system in automotive industry companies in Macedonia

    OpenAIRE

    Mitreva, Elizabeta; Taskov, Nako; Gjorshevski, Hristijan

    2015-01-01

    The present paper analyzes the performances of the company’s logistics sectors in the automotive industry in Macedonia, producing circuit boards as an intermediate product for car dashboards. The research was conducted as an attempt to perceive the current situation in this company in the field of design and implementation of a quality system, analyzed through the four pillars of the house of quality on the top of which is the top management, and the basis of which is measuring, evaluating, a...

  13. Impact of Changing Facets of Inter-firm Interactions on Manufacturing Excellence: A Social Network Perspective of Indian Automotive Industry.

    OpenAIRE

    Mamata Parhi

    2008-01-01

    The inherent complexity of the innovation process puts interaction among firms and their specificities concerning the patterns of interaction at the center-stage. Hence, an uncovering of the interactive pattern among firms in the industry may reveal many hidden patterns, viz., the existing dependence and dominance structure of firms and the evolving dynamical changes based their on. Guided by these, this paper studies the vertical relational structure of automotive and auto component firms in...

  14. Proximity strategies in outsourcing relations: The role of geographical, cultural and relational proximity in the European automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    Alexander Schmitt; Johannes Van Biesebroeck

    2013-01-01

    Several trends that affect the manufacturing of sophisticated goods - increasing international fragmentation of production, and lean and modular process technologies - have increased the importance of proximity in the supply chain. We use the case of the European automotive industry to simultaneously evaluate the relative importance of three dimensions: geographical, cultural, and relational proximity. Using a rich and novel data set, we find that carmakers value some aspects of each dimensio...

  15. Comparative analysis of energy impacts of traditional and partly electronic environmental auditing: Learning from the Japanese automotive industry case

    OpenAIRE

    C. Mbohwa

    2008-01-01

    This paper does a comparative analysis and assessment of energy impacts of traditional and partly electronic ISO 14001 environmental management system auditing that using videoconferencing systems. The focus is on the Japanese automotive industry. The idea is to quantify the environmental impacts of auditing and resolve the important question on whether or not the use of information and communication technology (ICT) in environmental auditing reduces environmental impacts in IS...

  16. Roadmap for Lean implementation in Indian automotive component manufacturing industry: comparative study of UNIDO Model and ISM Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jadhav, J. R.; Mantha, S. S.; Rane, S. B.

    2014-07-01

    The demands for automobiles increased drastically in last two and half decades in India. Many global automobile manufacturers and Tier-1 suppliers have already set up research, development and manufacturing facilities in India. The Indian automotive component industry started implementing Lean practices to fulfill the demand of these customers. United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) has taken proactive approach in association with Automotive Component Manufacturers Association of India (ACMA) and the Government of India to assist Indian SMEs in various clusters since 1999 to make them globally competitive. The primary objectives of this research are to study the UNIDO-ACMA Model as well as ISM Model of Lean implementation and validate the ISM Model by comparing with UNIDO-ACMA Model. It also aims at presenting a roadmap for Lean implementation in Indian automotive component industry. This paper is based on secondary data which include the research articles, web articles, doctoral thesis, survey reports and books on automotive industry in the field of Lean, JIT and ISM. ISM Model for Lean practice bundles was developed by authors in consultation with Lean practitioners. The UNIDO-ACMA Model has six stages whereas ISM Model has eight phases for Lean implementation. The ISM-based Lean implementation model is validated through high degree of similarity with UNIDO-ACMA Model. The major contribution of this paper is the proposed ISM Model for sustainable Lean implementation. The ISM-based Lean implementation framework presents greater insight of implementation process at more microlevel as compared to UNIDO-ACMA Model.

  17. An investigation of low ergonomics risk awareness, among staffs at early product development phase in Malaysia automotive industries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aziz, Fazilah Abdul; Razali, Noraini; Najmiyah Jaafar, Nur

    2016-02-01

    Currently there are many automotive companies still unable to effectively prevent consequences of poor ergonomics in their manufacturing processes. This study purpose is to determine the surrounding factors that influence low ergonomics risk awareness among staffs at early product development phase in Malaysia automotive industry. In this study there are four variables, low ergonomic risk awareness, inappropriate method and tools, tight development schedule and lack of management support. The survey data were gathered from 245 respondents of local automotive companies in Malaysia. The data was analysed through multiple regression and moderated regression using the IBM SPSS software. Study results revealed that low ergonomic risk awareness has influenced by inappropriate method and tool, and tight development schedule. There were positive linear relationships between low ergonomic risk awareness and inappropriate method and tools, and tight development schedule. The more inappropriate method and tools applied; the lower their ergonomic risk awareness. The more tight development schedule is the lower ergonomic risk awareness. The relationship between low ergonomic risk awareness and inappropriate method and tools depends on staff's age, and education level. Furthermore the relationship between low ergonomic risk awareness and tight development schedule depends on staff's working experience and number of project involvement. The main contribution of this paper was identified the number of factors of low ergonomics risk awareness and offers better understanding on ergonomics among researchers and automotive manufacturer's employees during product development process.

  18. Field study of age-differentiated strain for assembly line workers in the automotive industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Börner, Kerstin; Scherf, Christian; Leitner-Mai, Bianca; Spanner-Ulmer, Birgit

    2012-01-01

    A field study in an automotive supply industry company was conducted to explore age-differentiated strain of assembly line workers. Subjective and objective data from 23 female workers aged between 27 and 57 years were collected at the workplace belt buckle assembly during morning shifts. Subjects with medication or chronic diseases affecting heart rate and breath rate were excluded. For subjective data generation different questionnaires were used. Before the Work Ability Index and the Munich Chronotype Questionnaire were completed by the subjects. Short questionnaires (strain-ratings, NASA-TLX) directly at begin and end of the work were used for obtaining shift-related data. During the whole shift (6 a.m. - 2.45 p.m.) bodily functions were logged with a wireless chest strap. In addition, the motion of the hand-arm-system was recorded for 30 times, 3 minutes each after a fixed time-schedule. First results show that younger subjects need significant less time for assembly (mean = 14.940 s) compared to older subjects (mean = 17.040 s; t(472.026) = -9.278 , p < 0.01). PMID:22317519

  19. Review of Relationship between Capital and Stock Return in Automotive and Cement Industries at Tehran Stock Exchange

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gholamhossein Gholami

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This study is intended to consider relationship between Increase of capital and Shares return in Automotive and Cement industries at Tehran Stocks Exchange. Statistical population under this study consists of any related companies to Automotive and Cement industries which were accepted in Tehran Stocks Exchange during 2005 to 2010. The Statistical population has been divided to experimental and control group, while experimental group faced with increase in capital the other group was not; 27 companies from first group and 12 companies of second group were chosen as statistical samples under this study. Student’s T-test and paired T-test were utilized in order to test hypotheses of this study and 19SPSS software was applied for analyzing data. Results have indicated increase in capital is not positive factor to increase in shares return. On the other hand, there is no impact of increasing in capital on shares return in the companies of Automotive and Cement industries which were accepted at Tehran Stocks Exchange.

  20. Operations management in automotive industries from industrial strategies to production resources management, through the industrialization process and supply chain to pursue value creation

    CERN Document Server

    Gobetto, Marco

    2014-01-01

    This book has proved its worth over the years as a text for courses in Production Management at the Faculty of Automotive Engineering in Turin, Italy, but deserves a wider audience as it presents a compendium of basics on Industrial Management, since it covers all major topics required. It treats all subjects from product development and “make or buy”-decision strategies to the manufacturing systems setting and management through analysis of the main resources needed in production and finally exploring the supply chain management and the procurement techniques. The very last chapter recapitulates the previous ones by analysing key management indicators to pursue the value creation that is the real purpose of every industrial enterprise. As an appendix, a specific chapter is dedicated to the basics of production management where all main relevant definitions, techniques and criteria are treated, including some numerical examples, in order to provide an adequate foundation for understanding the other chapte...

  1. Optimization of Temperature Level to Enhance Worker Performance in Automotive Industry

    OpenAIRE

    A. R. Ismail; Yusof, M. Y. M.; N. K. Makhtar; B. M. Deros; M. R.A. Rani

    2010-01-01

    Problem statement: Production of automotive parts is among the largest contributor to economic earnings in Malaysia. The dominant work involve in producing automotive part were manual assembly process. Where it is definitely used a manpower capability. Thus the quality of the product heavily depends on workers comfort in the working condition. Temperature is one of the environmental factors that give significant effect on the worker performance. Approach: Temperature level and productivity ra...

  2. Collaboration within the Supply Chain: Perception for the Automotive Industry in Morocco

    OpenAIRE

    Mohamed Mamad; Fatima Ouazzani Chahdi

    2013-01-01

    Based on a periodical of literature on the collaboration stakes within supply chain, this article studies the Moroccan automotive sector. It allows to answer the following questions: Does the Moroccan automotive sector use collaborative practices between the actors? If this is the case, what stakes can we draw for these actors? These are the questions to which we will try to answer from an exploratory empirical research with the help of suppliers, customers and logistic service providers.

  3. Confirmatory Factor Analysis of TQM practices in Malaysia and Thailand Automotive Industries

    OpenAIRE

    Norhayati Zakuan; Shari Mohd Yusof; Muhamad Zameri Mat Saman; Awaludin Mohd Shaharoun

    2009-01-01

    Automotive companies must implement and maintain a high degree of Total Quality Management (TQM) practices due to competitive automotive market and customer pressure. In the operations management research field, TQM has been considered as infrastructural strategy. It has become one of the most recognized models for operational excellence besides Lean Operation, Supply Chain Management, and Technology Management. The authors have reviewed updated literature on TQM research and one question tha...

  4. An online real time ultrasonic NDT system for the quality control of spot welding in the automotive industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Resistance spot welding is the main joining technique used for the fabrication of body-in-white structures in the automotive industry. The quality of the welds depends on the profile of the spot welding electrode cap. The increased use of zinc coated steel in the industry increases wear rate of the caps, making quality control more difficult. This paper presents a novel online real time ultrasonic NDE system for resistance spot welding which evaluates every weld as it is formed. SEM results are presented to show the alloying of the electrode caps.

  5. Plastic behaviour and microstructure characterization high manganese aluminium alloyed steel for the automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Kuc

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Automotive industry constantly demands high-strength steels which are characterized by the energy absorption possibilities during a collision. Such materials may, in the future, replace the currently used conventional steels. The groups of steels which meet these criteria are the austenitic steels and austenitic-ferritic steels with high manganese content (15-30% and high aluminium content (1-9%. Design/methodology/approach: Susceptibility of steel to cracking at high temperatures was tested on Gleeble 3800 simulator: zero resistance temperature was determined (TZW, zero plasticity temperature was determined (TZP, plasticity reversal temperature was determined (TNP. Research was completed by determination of steel plasticity and stress applying in next stage the deformation of samples in temperature from 850 to 1175°C. This temperature range corresponding with the field of parameters of plastic processing. For samples after tension the ultimate tensile strength was determined (Rm together with contraction (Z. Character of fractures of stretched samples was tested with the use of scanning microscope Hitachi S-4200.Findings: The tests show that the tested steel is characterised by relatively lower temperatures in comparison with low-alloyed steels. Tested steel has high plasticity in temperature wear to temperature of plastic processing 1150-800°C.Practical implications: The obtained steel is characterised by beneficial properties which outbalance the austenitic steels type TWIP and may be applied in vehicle construction on elements connected with safety.Originality/value: Conducted simulation will be helpful by elaboration of technology of continuous casting and the choice of the right parameters for plastic processing of high-manganese steel with aluminium.

  6. Metal-matrix composites in the automotive industry: Opportunities and challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allison, John E.; Cole, Gerald S.

    1993-01-01

    Metal-matrix composites offer considerable promise to help automotive engineers meet the challenges of current and future demands for recyclable, fuel-efficient, safe, and low-emission vehicles. These materials can be engineered to match the design requirements of automotive power-train or chassis components. Technological and infrastructural barriers tend to limit the implementation of these materials, but it is believed these barriers can be overcome and that metal-matrix composites can be applied in high-volume vehicle production. Reducing these barriers will require much effort by engineers and scientists, managers and planners at automotive manufacturers, and their suppliers. The result will be the gradual introduction of metal-matrix composites in high-volume vehicle production to satisfy customer desires while meeting regulatory requirements and competitive pressures.

  7. What has led the automotive industry to offshore engineering services to low cost countries?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simplay, Steve; Hansen, Zaza Nadja Lee

    2013-01-01

    This paper will investigate the drivers behind why automotive organizations move product development work from high-cost countries to low-cost countries and the challenges and benefits they face when globalizing their product development model. This paper will provide a literature review of this...... area and present a case study of a global multinational premium automotive organization with headquarters in Germany. The findings showed that an outsourced offshore delivery center is multi-dimensional and difficult to manage when faced with such complexity.The case company decided to outsource again...... to a specialized third party, also with headquarters in Germany, to minimize complexity. This paper adds to theoretical knowledge in the field by expanding on existing research in diversified areas and gives practitioners insights into why the premium automotive organization outsourced offshore, what...

  8. Egyptian And International Automotive Diesel. Fuels: Specifications Meeting Challenges To Refining Industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a brief summary and comparison of Egyptian automotive diesel fuel to the international one. Recent legislation all over the world, requiring further reduction in sulfur, aromatics, T90 and T95 and increasing cetane value of the transportation diesel fuels, presents numerous technical and economic challenges to the refiners. While refiners grapple with these challenges, they will also face pressure from the increased demand of transportation diesel fuel and tighter capital restrictions. Overcome of these challenges makes a fair competition. A comparison of the Egyptian automotive diesel fuel and the international one will be a guide to locally and globally facing these challenges

  9. SCT2008. Future trends in steel development, processing technologies and applications. Bringing the automotive, supplier and steel industries together

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fuchsbauer, Bernhard; Wieland, Hans-Joachim (eds.)

    2008-07-01

    Within the Second Conference Steels in Cars and Trucks at 1st to 5th Juni, 2008, in Wiesbaden (Federal Republic of Germany), the following lectures were held: (1) Opening and welcome: Status of the steel industry (Hans Jueergen Kerkhoff); (2) The automotive world (Martin Wissmann); (3) Steel grades - Needs for the future (Bernard Bramaud); (4) Cars and stel - Quo vadis? (Josef Bauman); (5) Making a promise real - Delivering high quality to the automotive market (Juergen Horsthofer); (6) Ultrahigh strength and supraduvtile high-manganese light-weight steels for automotive applications (Georg Frommeyer); (7) Effect of B on the transformation behaviour in TRIP steels (Jai-Huyn Kwak, Kwang-Geun Chin); (8) Customer oriented development and optimization of cold rolled intercritically annealed multiphase TRIP sheet steels (Daniel Krizan et al.); (9) X-IP {sup registered} 1000: Properties of an austenitic super high strength high manganese steel - status and outlook (Harald Hofmann et al.); (10) Ultrahigh strength hot-rolled structural steel with enhanced inherent corrosion resistance (Mikko Arponen, Jukka Koerni); (11) Mechanical properties of ferritic stainless Al Cr steels (Ralf Rablbauer, Georg Frommeyer); (12) Development status and market potential of hot formed ballistic steels (Christian Howe et al.); (13) Use of corrosion-resistant higher-alloyed metallic materials for the transport of dangerous goods in tanks (Margit Weltschev et al.); (14) Modern development of forged components for automotive applications (Hans-Willi Raedt, Manfred Hirschvogel); (15) A new high strength steel 20MnCrMo7 (Heike Langner et al.); (16) Temperature resistant steel at 350 C with a tensile strength of 1400 MPa (Serosh Engineer et al.); (17) High pressure fuel lines for modern diesel engines (Steffen Zimmermann et al.).

  10. The California greenhouse gas initiative and its implications to the automotive industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, B. C.; Miller, R. T.; Center for Automotive Research

    2006-05-31

    CAR undertook this investigation to better understand the costs and challenges of a local (state) regulation necessitating the implementation of alternative or advanced powertrain technology. CAR will attempt to add insight into the challenges that local regulations present to the automotive industry, and to contribute further to the discussion of how advanced powertrain technology may be used to meet such regulation. Any local law that (directly or indirectly) affects light duty motor vehicle fuel economy creates what in effect is a specialty market for powertrain technology. As such these small markets present significant challenges for automotive manufacturers. First, a small market with unique standards presents significant challenges to an industry that has sustained growth by relying on large volumes to achieve scale economies and deliver products at a cost acceptable to the consumer. Further, the challenges of the additional technology make it likely that any powertrain capable of meeting the stringent emissions standards will include costly additional components, and thus will be more costly to manufacture. It is likely that manufacturers would consider the following actions as steps to deliver products to meet the pending California regulatory requirements anticipated as a result of prior California legislation: (1) Substituting more fuel efficient vehicles: Bring in more efficient vehicles from global operations, while likely dropping existing domestic products. (2) Substituting powertrains: Add existing downsized engines (i.e. turbocharged versions, etc.) into California market-bound vehicles. (3) Powertrain enhancements: Add technology to current engine and transmission offerings to improve efficiency and reduce emissions. (4) Incorporating alternative powertrains into existing vehicle platforms: Develop a hybrid or other type of powertrain for an existing vehicle. (5) New powertrains and new platforms: Develop vehicles specifically intended to

  11. Enabling information sharing by establishing trust in supply chains: A case study in the South African automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roxanne Piderit

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: The significant economic importance of the country’s automotive industry provided the context for this study. The success of the industry relies on the effectiveness and efficiency of the supply chain, which can be significantly affected by the strength of the supply chain relationships. The role of trust and information sharing in relation to two key theories was considered, namely: organisational information processing theory and game theory. Previous studies have recognised the importance of trust and information sharing in supply chain relationships and considered the effect of trust on information sharing, or the effect of information sharing on trust in a single direction. Thus, the potential cyclical relationship between the two factors has been largely ignored.Objectives: This paper explored the relationship between trust and information sharing in South African automotive supply chains, and establishes the importance of nurturing a cyclical relationship between these two factors. In addition, the role of information technology (IT in supporting this relationship was considered. By improving both trust and information sharing, the performance and competitiveness of the supply chain can be improved.Method: An examination of the effects of a lack of trust in a supply chain relationship, and the consequential lack of information flow, was conducted by means of a case study of an Eastern Cape-based automotive supplier. A case study research method was followed for this study, which made use of multiple data collection methods, including document survey and participant observations. The case selected is an East London based subsidiary of a larger multinational automotive component supplier to both local and international automotive original equipment manufacturers.Results: The findings led to the conclusion that the way forward for competitive supply chains is to build trust in the supply chain in order to improve information

  12. Leadership and New Technologies. New Security Issues for Management of Internet Connectivity and Remote Control in Automotive Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cosmin Cătălin Olteanu

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of the paper is to illustrate the importance of implementing new security policies for infotainment systems in automotive industry. A car is full of technology and is easier today to control car systems through an internet connection linked to car system infotainment. This is how it is possible to gain control of critical car systems. More than 84% of users doesn’t even know the risk of remote control of the car in the presence of Internet connection.

  13. STRATEGIC CHANGE IN PROCUREMENT ORIENTATION IN THE SOUTH AFRICAN AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY: A CASE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C.E. Kalenga

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The South African automotive industry faces increasing challenges for Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs and their suppliers to produce high-quality products at low costs. Items purchased by OEMs from the supply chain typically account for more than seventy percent of the total costs of manufactured automobiles. The strategic significance of the purchasing function is subsequently recognised as a major determinant of competitiveness. From a review of literature, a conceptual model is introduced whereby localisation strategies of OEMs, with respect to their main suppliers, can be optimised for competitive advantage. The findings of a case study of a South African OEM’s localisation strategies are presented. Based on the findings, an improved model is proposed that could be used as a guideline to orientate procurement strategies for optimal performance, so as to guarantee the competitive advantage of local OEMs. It is anticipated that these results will provide a platform of effective strategy development for the South African OEMs.

    AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Verskeie uitdagings, met die klem op vervaardiging van hoë-kwaliteit produkte teen verlaagde koste, word in die gesig gestaar deur beide die Oorspronklike Toerusting Vervaardigers (OTVs en hulle verskaffers in die Suid-Afrikaanse motorindustrie. Items wat OTVs van hul verskaffers verkry verteenwoordig tipies meer as sewentig persent van die totale vervaardigingskoste van motors. Die strategiese implikasie van die aankopingsfunksie word dus erken as belangrike aanwysing van ‘n goeie kompeterende basis. ‘n Konseptuele model word neergelê gebaseer op ‘n oorsig van die literatuur, waardeur die lokaliseringsstrategieë van OTVs, in terme van hulle verskaffers, geoptimiseer kan word as kompeterende voordele. Die bevindinge van ‘n Suid-Afrikaanse OTV, as gevallestudie, se lokaliseringsstrategieë word verder voorgelê. Deur hierdie bevindinge word

  14. Automotive Service Technician: Apprenticeship Course Outline. Apprenticeship and Industry Training. 0912

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Advanced Education and Technology, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The graduate of the Automotive Service Technician apprenticeship program is a certified journeyperson who will be able to: (1) repair, maintain and overhaul or modify a motor vehicle; (2) comprehend work orders, technical bulletins and estimates, and relate the information to the job at hand; (3) interpret warranty policy in terms of service…

  15. European Automotive Congress

    CERN Document Server

    Clenci, Adrian

    2016-01-01

    The volume includes selected and reviewed papers from the European Automotive Congress held in Bucharest, Romania, in November 2015. Authors are experts from research, industry and universities coming from 14 countries worldwide. The papers are covering the latest developments in fuel economy and environment, automotive safety and comfort, automotive reliability and maintenance, new materials and technologies, traffic and road transport systems, advanced engineering methods and tools, as well as advanced powertrains and hybrid and electric drives.

  16. Aspects économiques de l'industrie automobile dans le monde Economic Aspects of the Auto-Motive Industry in the World

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valais M.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Cette étude décrit les caractéristiques et les implications économiques les plus importantes de l'industrie automobile dans le monde. Après avoir situé l'importance des grands pays constructeurs mondiaux par leurs productions, leurs parcs et leurs échanges, la situation de la France est étudiée plus particulièrement. Cette analyse plus fine montre la structure et aussi les relations de l'industrie automobile française avec son marché, ses concurrents extérieurs, l'économie nationale tout entière et celle de ses utilisateurs. This survey covers the most important features and economic implications of the automotive industry in the world. After situating the positions of the leading worldwide manufacturers with regard to their output, the number of their vehicles in use and their foreign trade, special attention is paid to the situation of France. This closer analysis shows the structure of the automotive industry as well as its relations with its market, its foreign markets, the national economy as a whole and that of its users.

  17. A Survey on Environmental Factors and Job Satisfaction Among Operators in Automotive Industry

    OpenAIRE

    A.R. Ismail; M. H.M. Haniff; Kim, C B; B.M. Deros; N. K. Makhtar

    2010-01-01

    Problem statement: A survey was conducted to investigate the relationship between environmental factors, job satisfaction that influence the workers’ discomfort in four automotive manufacturing in Malaysia. Discomfort level of operator in workstation often were associated with workstation design, posture comfort operator at work, activity which involved work and place influence environment such as heat, noise and lighting. The aim of this study was to assess discomfort level based on er...

  18. Risk sharing in the supplier relationship: new evidence from the Japanese automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    OKAMURO, Hiroyuki

    1997-01-01

    The Japanese corporate system is assumed to contain an implicit insurance mechanism in various aspects. This paper proves the existence of risk sharing mechanism in supplier relations in a different way from the previous studies, using a unique data set of Japanese automotive parts suppliers. The results suggest that the auto makers absorb a part of the business risk of the suppliers, in spite of recent structural changes in the supplier system: The relative stability of their profit rate is ...

  19. Trust in buyer–supplier relations: the case of the Turkish automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    Wasti, Nazlı Syeda; Wasti, Nazli Syeda; Wasti, S. Arzu

    2008-01-01

    While the topic of interorganisational trust is gaining attention in academic literature, research on developing countries remains sparse. With the premise that certain contextual elements may be more relevant for developing countries, we expand on existing models by testing the effect of initial support, use of just-in-time delivery, and informal commitment to predict the trust that Turkish automotive suppliers have towards their buyers. The results support the predictions that soft technolo...

  20. A Study of Multicriteria Decision Making for Supplier Selection in Automotive Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Nadia Jamil; Rosli Besar; Sim, H. K.

    2013-01-01

    This paper is designed to present the effectiveness of group multicriteria decision making in automotive manufacturing company focusing on the selection of suppliers in Malaysia. The process of selecting suppliers is one of the most critical and challenging endeavor in any supply chain management. There are five decision making tools being analyzed in this study, namely, analytical hierarchy process (AHP), fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (FAHP), technique for order performance by similarit...

  1. Mediating effect of sustainable product development on relationship between quality management practices and organizational performance: Empirical study of Malaysian automotive industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmad, Mohd Akhir; Asaad, Mohd Norhasni; Saad, Rohaizah; Iteng, Rosman; Rahim, Mohd Kamarul Irwan Abdul

    2016-08-01

    Global competition in the automotive industry has encouraged companies to implement quality management practices in all managerial aspects to ensure customer satisfaction in products and reduce costs. Therefore, guaranteeing only product quality is insufficient without considering product sustainability, which involves economic, environment, and social elements. Companies that meet both objectives gain advantages in the modern business environment. This study addresses the issues regarding product quality and sustainability in small and medium-sized enterprises in the Malaysian automotive industry. A research was carried out in 91 SMEs automotive suppliers in throughout Malaysia. The analyzed using SPSS ver.23 has been proposed in correlation study. Specifically, this study investigates the relationship between quality management practices and organizational performance as well as the mediating effect of sustainable product development on this relationship.

  2. MATURITY IN LOGISTICS PROJECT MANAGEMENT APPLIED TO AN AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY CEARENSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danilo Cavalcante de Vasconcelos

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The present study aims to develop the concepts applied by the PMBOK in efficient management of logistics projects and production management through a case study, seeking the best use of resources used in projects. Thus, we used the analysis of a real case study in a comparative way with the indicators of the model PMMM - Maturity Model Project Management Sector - proposed by Prado (2003, and applied to an automotive company. The findings point to a low level of maturity in project management, demonstrating the need for corrective action.

  3. Mitigation of solid waste and reuse of effluent from paint and varnish automotive and industrial treated by irradiation at electron beam accelerator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the most representative industrial segments is the polymeric coatings for house paint, automotive, industrial, marine, maintenance, and repainting markets. The general consumption of paint market in 2010 was 438,364 103 gallons of paint, in Brazil. However, when produce paints and varnishes, various kinds of solid wastes and liquid effluent are generated. The present research focus on the effluent from resins, water base paint and paint for electrophoresis, automotive industry, and general industrial coatings. The goal of this study is to use ionizing radiation to destroy the pollutants allowing the use of part of effluent as reuse water, and the rest discarded within the specified requirements. Actual industrial effluent samples were irradiated at Electron beam Accelerator applying absorbed doses of 10 kGy, 30 kGy and 50 kGy. The results, in this preliminary stage, showed a reduction of organic compounds and suspended solids. (author)

  4. A Survey on Environmental Factors and Job Satisfaction Among Operators in Automotive Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. R. Ismail

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: A survey was conducted to investigate the relationship between environmental factors, job satisfaction that influence the workers’ discomfort in four automotive manufacturing in Malaysia. Discomfort level of operator in workstation often were associated with workstation design, posture comfort operator at work, activity which involved work and place influence environment such as heat, noise and lighting. The aim of this study was to assess discomfort level based on ergonomic factors and to determine the distribution of body discomfort in relation to the task performed. Approach: Identification of discomfort level among the operators was carried out in four automotive companies in Malaysia. The study was carried out based on questionnaire responses from the participating factories and the collected data was analyzed through the SPSS software. Results: In the analysis data, research showed left arm was part of the body most involved a lot of activity like activity lifting, pulling, twisting, carrying and holding. Conclusion: The study revealed that the dominant factors contribute to the productivity at the body assembly production line is WBGT and I luminance whereas the empirical finding was closely related to the perception study by survey questionnaire distribution.

  5. Business sustainability in Brazil and Germany: case study of the automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. R. A. Nunes, A R. Valle, J. A. A. Peixoto

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available A significant number of German companies are installed in Brazil, many of them in the automotive or automotive supplier sectors. Information about the economic, environmental and social performance of major companies in these sectors is easily obtainable from sustainability reports, available as printed reports distributed by the head offices or as files for downloading in corporate websites. This paper gives a brief review about corporate sustainability and the results of a study carried out on sustainability reports of three companies with head offices (or, in one case, a relatively independent subsidiary in Germany and subsidiaries in Brazil. The results show that, although the sustainability reports of the analyzed companies contain relevant information, they do not allow any sustainability benchmarking that could distinguish better and worse environmental and social performances. They also do not help an environmental and social performance comparison between plants in the European Union (e.g. Germany and Mercosur (e.g. Brazil. Nevertheless, they give some evidence of efforts aligned with the principles of the Global Compact.

  6. Business sustainability in Brazil and Germany: case study of the automotive industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nunes, K.R.A.; Valle, A.R. [Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), COPPE, Industrial Engineering Program, P.O. Box 68.507 CEP 21.945-970, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Peizoto, J.A.A. [Federal Centre of Technological Education Celso Suckow da Fonseca (CEFET-RJ), Program of Master' s Degree in Technology, Av. Maracana, 229 Bloco E, Room 505.3, Maracana, 20271-110, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2010-07-01

    A significant number of German companies are installed in Brazil, many of them in the automotive or automotive supplier sectors. Information about the economic, environmental and social performance of major companies in these sectors is easily obtainable from sustainability reports, available as printed reports distributed by the head offices or as files for downloading in corporate websites. This paper gives a brief review about corporate sustainability and the results of a study carried out on sustainability reports of three companies with head offices (or, in one case, a relatively independent subsidiary) in Germany and subsidiaries in Brazil. The results show that, although the sustainability reports of the analyzed companies contain relevant information, they do not allow any sustainability benchmarking that could distinguish better and worse environmental and social performances. They also do not help an environmental and social performance comparison between plants in the European Union (e.g. Germany) and Mercosur (e.g. Brazil). Nevertheless, they give some evidence of efforts aligned with the principles of the Global Compact.

  7. 网络广告营销对汽车行业的影响%The Impact of Network Advertising and Marketing for the Automotive Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李昉

    2014-01-01

    汽车网络广告营销作为高速发展的汽车产业和互联网产业结合的产物,备受广大汽车制造商的青睐,在市场上获得了巨大的成功。主要阐述了在互联网时代,网络广告在汽车行业中的作用,还分别从发展现状、存在的问题和发展对策三方面对汽车行业网络广告营销进行了分析。%Automotive network advertising and marketing as the automotive industry and Internet industry product of the combination of rapid growth, much favored by the majority of car manufacturers in the market was a great success. Expounds the role in the Internet era, online advertising in the automotive industry, and also separately from the status quo, Problems and Development Strategies tripartite existence in the face of the automotive industry marketing, online advertising is analyzed.

  8. Application of carbon fiber composites in the automotive industry%碳纤维复合材料在汽车工业中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵艳荣; 胡平; 梁继才; 张文杰

    2015-01-01

    节能减排是当前汽车工业可持续发展迫切需要解决的问题,采用碳纤维复合材料等轻质材料使汽车轻量化是一个有效的解决办法.介绍了碳纤维复合材料的性能特点和在汽车上的应用现状,从材料、设计和成型工艺3个方面分析了其在国内汽车工业应用中的问题,提出了促进碳纤维复合材料广泛应用的发展建议,并展望了其在汽车工业中的应用前景.%Energy conservation and emission reduction are two urgent problems to be solved in the sustainable development of automotive industry, an effective solution is to use carbon fiber composites and other light materials to make automobile lightweight. Performance characteristics and application status in the automotive industry of carbon fiber composites are introduced, application problems in the domestic automotive industry are analyzed from three aspects of material, design and forming process, some development suggestions are put forward and application prospect in the automotive industry is forecasted.

  9. The Role of Public and Private Protection in Disruptive Innovation: The Automotive Industry and the Emergence of Low-Emission Vehicles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Pinkse; R. Bohnsack; A. Kolk

    2014-01-01

    In the automotive industry, the need to move toward more sustainable trajectories of innovation has received much attention. Car manufacturers have started to develop lower emission alternatives for the internal combustion engine, particularly electric, hybrid, and fuel-cell vehicles. They face the

  10. The Impact of Network Advertising and Marketing for the Automotive Industry%网络广告营销对汽车行业的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李昉

    2014-01-01

    Automotive network advertising and marketing as the automotive industry and Internet industry product of the combination of rapid growth, much favored by the majority of car manufacturers in the market was a great success. Expounds the role in the Internet era, online advertising in the automotive industry, and also separately from the status quo, Problems and Development Strategies tripartite existence in the face of the automotive industry marketing, online advertising is analyzed.%汽车网络广告营销作为高速发展的汽车产业和互联网产业结合的产物,备受广大汽车制造商的青睐,在市场上获得了巨大的成功。主要阐述了在互联网时代,网络广告在汽车行业中的作用,还分别从发展现状、存在的问题和发展对策三方面对汽车行业网络广告营销进行了分析。

  11. Two-stage actuation system using DC motors and piezoelectric actuators for controllable industrial and automotive brakes and clutches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neelakantan, Vijay A.; Washington, Gregory N.; Bucknor, Norman K.

    2005-05-01

    High bandwidth actuation systems that are capable of simultaneously producing relatively large forces and displacements are required for use in automobiles and other industrial applications. Conventional hydraulic actuation mechanisms used in automotive brakes and clutches are complex, inefficient and have poor control robustness. These lead to reduced fuel economy, controllability issues and other disadvantages. This paper involves the design, development, testing and control of a two-stage hybrid actuation mechanism by combining classical actuators like DC motors and advanced smart material actuators like piezoelectric actuators. The paper also discusses the development of a robust control methodology using the Internal Model Control (IMC) principle and emphasizes the robustness property of this control methodology by comparing and studying simulation and experimental results.

  12. Fuzzification of the 'TOWS' strategic concept: a case study of the Magneti Marelli branch in the Serbian automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pesic, Duska Petar

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to introduce a fuzzy approach to the quantification of the TOWS (Threats, Opportunities, Weaknesses, and Strengths strategic concept (also known as ‘SWOT’. Fuzzy logic and triangular fuzzy numbers are used to provide an alternate assessment of the internal strengths and weaknesses and external opportunities and threats in the process of developing strategic alternatives and making strategic choices. The developed fuzzy model is applied to a real-world case, conducted with the management team of the Magneti Marelli branch in Serbia, which operates as the largest supplier in the Serbian automotive industry. The results are discussed, and suggestions for further research are provided

  13. A review on paint sludge from automotive industries: Generation, characteristics and management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salihoglu, Guray; Salihoglu, Nezih Kamil

    2016-03-15

    The automotive manufacturing process results in the consumption of several natural sources and the generation of various types of wastes. The primary source of hazardous wastes at an automotive manufacturing plant is the painting process, and the major waste fraction is paint sludge, which is classified with EU waste code of 080113* implying hazardous characteristics. The amount of the paint sludge generated increases every year with the worldwide increase in the car production. The characteristics of the paint sludge, which mainly designate the management route, are mainly determined by the type of the paint used, application technique employed, and the chemicals applied such as flocculants, detackifiers, pH boosters, antifoam agents, and biocides as well as the dewatering techniques preferred. Major routes for the disposal of the paint sludges are incineration as hazardous waste or combustion at cement kilns. Because of high dissolved organic carbon content of the paint, the paint sludge cannot be accepted by landfills according to European Union Legislations. More investigations are needed in the field of paint sludge recycling such as recycling it as a new paint or as other formulations, or making use of the sludge for the production of construction materials. Research on the applicability of the paint sludge in composting and biogasification can also be useful. Ongoing research is currently being conducted on new application techniques to increase the effectiveness of paint transfer, which helps to prevent the generation of paint sludge. Advancements in paint and coating chemistry such as the reduction in the coating layers with its thickness also help to decrease the level of paint sludge generation. Investigations on the effects of the chemicals on the recycling potential of paint sludges and consideration of these effects by the chemical manufacturer companies would be extremely important. This review presents the formation of paint sludge, the factors

  14. Study of residual stresses in welded joints of dual phase HSLA steel used in automotive industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One way of weight reduction in automotive vehicles is through the use of high strength and low alloy (HSLA) steels, which enables the use of small thickness plates. Whereas the appearance of residual stresses is intrinsic to the welding process, this study evaluates the residual stresses generated in welded joints obtained by TIG and LASER welding processes and comparing them. Residual stresses were measured by X-rays diffraction technique, using a portable device with Crκα radiation applying the double exposure method. It also evaluates the influence of shot peening treatment applied after welding, in the bend tests conducted for both welding conditions and TIG welded joints showed higher stability of compressive stresses after welding. The metallographic analysis by optical microscopy complemented the welded joints characterization. (author)

  15. Economic production and processing of agricultural fibre plants for high quality applications in automotive, building and furniture industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pecenka, R.; Furll, C.; Gusovius, H.J. [Leibniz Inst. for Agricultural Engineering, Potsdam (Germany)

    2010-07-01

    The demand for high-quality fibres and shives from hemp and flax as an alternative raw material for the automotive and building industry is increasing. Fibres are used primarily for composite reinforcement instead of synthetic fibres. Shives are used for animal bedding, but processing trials in wood industry for the production of low weight particle boards from shives are also very promising. Fibre producers require experience in cultivation and harvesting as well as modern processing technologies in order to supply flax fibres or shives at competitive prices under the changing conditions of international raw material markets. A complete processing line has been developed, installed and tested at the Leibniz Institute for Agricultural Engineering (ATB) to study all the processing stages of fibre production. The new ATB line can produce high quality fibres and shives from retted and unretted hemp, flax and oilseed flax straw without technical changes of the machine line. The ATB pilot plant has been operated by a cooperation of farmers since 2008. Experience from industrial operation has been used to develop a modern fibre processing line with a throughput of up to 5 t per h hemp straw in only one short line.

  16. Turbulence modeling needs of commercial CFD codes: Complex flows in the aerospace and automotive industries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Befrui, Bizhan A.

    1995-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation discusses the following: STAR-CD computational features; STAR-CD turbulence models; common features of industrial complex flows; industry-specific CFD development requirements; applications and experiences of industrial complex flows, including flow in rotating disc cavities, diffusion hole film cooling, internal blade cooling, and external car aerodynamics; and conclusions on turbulence modeling needs.

  17. Automotive electronics design fundamentals

    CERN Document Server

    Zaman, Najamuz

    2015-01-01

    This book explains the topology behind automotive electronics architectures and examines how they can be profoundly augmented with embedded controllers. These controllers serve as the core building blocks of today’s vehicle electronics. Rather than simply teaching electrical basics, this unique resource focuses on the fundamental concepts of vehicle electronics architecture, and details the wide variety of Electronic Control Modules (ECMs) that enable the increasingly sophisticated "bells & whistles" of modern designs.  A must-have for automotive design engineers, technicians working in automotive electronics repair centers and students taking automotive electronics courses, this guide bridges the gap between academic instruction and industry practice with clear, concise advice on how to design and optimize automotive electronics with embedded controllers.

  18. Status and Outlook for the U.S. Non-Automotive Fuel Cell Industry: Impacts of Government Policies and Assessment of Future Opportunities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Greene, David L [ORNL; Duleep, K. G. [ICF International; Upreti, Girish [ORNL

    2011-06-01

    Fuel cells (FCs) are considered essential future energy technologies by developed and developing economies alike. Several countries, including the United States, Japan, Germany, and South Korea have established publicly funded R&D and market transformation programs to develop viable domestic FC industries for both automotive and non-automotive applications. Important non-automotive applications include large scale and small scale distributed combined heat and electrical power, backup and uninterruptible power, material handling and auxiliary power units. The U.S. FC industry is in the early stages of development, and is working to establish sustainable markets in all these areas. To be successful, manufacturers must reduce costs, improve performance, and overcome market barriers to new technologies. U.S. policies are assisting via research and development, tax credits and government-only and government-assisted procurements. Over the past three years, the industry has made remarkable progress, bringing both stack and system costs down by more than a factor of two while improving durability and efficiency, thanks in part to government support. Today, FCs are still not yet able to compete in these markets without continued policy support. However, continuation or enhancement of current policies, such as the investment tax credit and government procurements, together with continued progress by the industry, appears likely to establish a viable domestic industry within the next decade.

  19. WLAN Hot Spot services for the automotive and oil industries. A business analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    While you refuel for gas, why not refuel for information or download vehicle data? This paper analyzes in extensive detail the user segmentation by vehicle usage, service offering, and full business models from WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network) hot spot services delivered to vehicles (private, professional, public) around gas stations. Also analyzed are the parties which play a role in such service authorization, provisioning and delivery, with all the dependencies modelled by attributed digraphs. Service planning is included as to WLAN base station capabilities. Five year financial models (CAPEX,OPEX), and data pertain to two possible service suppliers: multi-service oil companies, and mobile service operators (or MVNO). Model optimization on the return-on-investment (ROI) is carried out for different deployment scenarios, geographical coverage assumptions, as well as tariff structures. Comparison is also being made with public GPRS data services, as precursors for 3G services, and the effect of WLAN roaming is analyzed. Analysis shows that due to manpower costs and marketing costs, suitable ROI will not be achieved unless externalities are accounted for and innovative tariff structures are introduced. Open issues and further research are outlined. Further work is carried out, also with automotive electronics sector, wireless systems providers, wireless terminals platform suppliers, and vehicle manufacturers

  20. Lithium-air batteries: survey on the current status and perspectives towards automotive applications from a battery industry standpoint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Myounggu; Sun, Heeyoung; Lee, Hyungbok; Lee, Junesoo [Battery R and D, SK Innovation, Wonchon-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Jaephil [Interdisciplinary School of Green Energy, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), Ulsan (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-07-15

    Li-air rechargeable batteries theoretically have advantages from both secondary batteries and fuel cells, which can be viewed as the best technological blends for automotive applications resolving the so called mileage anxiety problem due to the limited driving range of electrical vehicles based upon Li-ion batteries; this problem is rooted in the intrinsically small energy density of Li-ion batteries. This very scientific trait of Li-air batteries, which is apparently suited to the requirements of batteries for future electric vehicles, has induced quite a strong surge of research recently. This occurrence has motivated the authors to undertake a thorough review in an effort to understand the current status of Li-air battery related technologies. A comprehensive survey from a battery industry standpoint has been conducted on the fundamentals of chemistry, utilized Li-air cell configurations (or types) vs. performance, and major components comprising Li-air batteries using various sources of previously published peer-reviewed journal papers, book chapters, patents, and industrial reports. The survey results are presented here. (Copyright copyright 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  1. DNA-damage response associated with occupational exposure, age and chronic inflammation in workers in the automotive industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savina, Natalya V; Smal, Marharyta P; Kuzhir, Tatyana D; Ershova-Pavlova, Alla A; Goncharova, Roza I

    2012-10-01

    The evaluation of genome integrity in populations occupationally exposed to combine industrial factors is of medical importance. In the present study, the DNA-damage response was estimated by means of the alkaline comet assay in a sizeable cohort of volunteers recruited among workers in the automotive industry. For this purpose, freshly collected lymphocytes were treated with hydrogen peroxide (100μM, 1min, 4°C) in vitro, and the levels of basal and H(2)O(2)-induced DNA damage, and the kinetics and efficiency of DNA repair were measured during a 180-min interval after exposure. The parameters studied in the total cohort of workers were in a range of values prescribed for healthy adult residents of Belarus. Based on the 95th percentiles, individuals possessing enhanced cellular sensitivity to DNA damage were present in different groups, but the frequency was significantly higher among elderly persons and among individuals with chronic inflammatory diseases. The results indicate that the inter-individual variations in DNA-damage response should be taken into account to estimate adequately the environmental genotoxic effects and to identify individuals with an enhanced DNA-damage response due to the influence of some external factors or intrinsic properties of the organism. Underling mechanisms need to be further explored. PMID:22772077

  2. WiFi Hot Spot Service Business for the Automotive and Oil Industries: A Competitive Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louis-Francois PAU

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available While you refuel for gas, why not refuel for information or upload vehicle data, using a cheap wireless technology as WiFi? This paper analyzes in extensive detail the user segmentation by vehicle usage, service offering, and full business models from WiFi hot spot services delivered to and from vehicles (private, professional, public around gas stations. Are also analyzed the parties which play a role in such services: authorization, provisioning and delivery, with all the dependencies modelled by attributed digraphs. Account is made of WiFi base station technical capabilities and costs. Five year financial models (CAPEX, OPEX, and data pertain to two possible service suppliers: multi-service oil companies, and mobile service operators (or MVNOs. Model optimization on the return-on-investment (R.O.I. is carried out for different deployment scenarios, geographical coverage assumptions, as well as tariff structures. Comparison is also being made with public GPRS and 3G data services, as precursors to HSPA/LTE, and the effect of WiFi roaming is analyzed. Regulatory implications, including those dealing with public safety, are addressed. Analysis shows that due to manpower costs and marketing costs, suitable R.O.I. will not be achieved unless externalities are accounted for and innovative tariff structures are introduced. Open issues and further research are outlined. Further work is currently carried out with automotive electronics sector, wireless systems providers, wireless terminals platform suppliers, and vehicle manufacturers. Future relevance of this work is also discussed for the emerging electrical reloading grids for electrical vehicles.

  3. Innovation in Information Technology: Theoretical and Empirical Study in SMQR Section of Export Import in Automotive Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edi Nugroho Soebandrija, Khristian; Pratama, Yogi

    2014-03-01

    This paper has the objective to provide the innovation in information technology in both theoretical and empirical study. Precisely, both aspects relate to the Shortage Mispacking Quality Report (SMQR) Claims in Export and Import in Automotive Industry. This paper discusses the major aspects of Innovation, Information Technology, Performance and Competitive Advantage. Furthermore, In the empirical study of PT. Astra Honda Motor (AHM) refers to SMQR Claims, Communication Systems, Analysis and Design Systems. Briefly both aspects of the major aspects and its empirical study are discussed in the Introduction Session. Furthermore, the more detail discussion is conducted in the related aspects in other sessions of this paper, in particular in Literature Review in term classical and updated reference of current research. The increases of SMQR claim and communication problem at PT. Astra Daihatsu Motor (PT. ADM) which still using the email cause the time of claim settlement become longer and finally it causes the rejected of SMQR claim by supplier. With presence of this problem then performed to design the integrated communication system to manage the communication process of SMQR claim between PT. ADM with supplier. The systems was analyzed and designed is expected to facilitate the claim communication process so that can be run in accordance with the procedure and fulfill the target of claim settlement time and also eliminate the difficulties and problems on the previous manual communication system with the email. The design process of the system using the approach of system development life cycle method by Kendall & Kendall (2006)which design process covers the SMQR problem communication process, judgment process by the supplier, claim process, claim payment process and claim monitoring process. After getting the appropriate system designs for managing the SMQR claim, furthermore performed the system implementation and can be seen the improvement in claim communication

  4. Innovation in Information Technology: Theoretical and Empirical Study in SMQR Section of Export Import in Automotive Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soebandrija Khristian Edi Nugroho

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper has the objective to provide the innovation in information technology in both theoretical and empirical study. Precisely, both aspects relate to the Shortage Mispacking Quality Report (SMQR Claims in Export and Import in Automotive Industry. This paper discusses the major aspects of Innovation, Information Technology, Performance and Competitive Advantage. Furthermore, In the empirical study of PT. Astra Honda Motor (AHM refers to SMQR Claims, Communication Systems, Analysis and Design Systems. Briefly both aspects of the major aspects and its empirical study are discussed in the Introduction Session. Furthermore, the more detail discussion is conducted in the related aspects in other sessions of this paper, in particular in Literature Review in term classical and updated reference of current research. The increases of SMQR claim and communication problem at PT. Astra Daihatsu Motor (PT. ADM which still using the email cause the time of claim settlement become longer and finally it causes the rejected of SMQR claim by supplier. With presence of this problem then performed to design the integrated communication system to manage the communication process of SMQR claim between PT. ADM with supplier. The systems was analyzed and designed is expected to facilitate the claim communication process so that can be run in accordance with the procedure and fulfill the target of claim settlement time and also eliminate the difficulties and problems on the previous manual communication system with the email. The design process of the system using the approach of system development life cycle method by Kendall & Kendall (2006which design process covers the SMQR problem communication process, judgment process by the supplier, claim process, claim payment process and claim monitoring process. After getting the appropriate system designs for managing the SMQR claim, furthermore performed the system implementation and can be seen the improvement in

  5. Automotive Software & Service Engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Zauner, Andreas; Hoffmann, Holger; Leimeister, Jan Marco; Krcmar, Helmut

    2014-01-01

    Automotive Software und Services (ASS) sind zentrale Innovationstreiber in der Automobilindustrie und gewinnen zunehmend an Bedeutung. In diesem Arbeitsbericht beschreiben wir die aktuellen Herausforderungen bei der Erstellung von ASS sowie Entwicklungstrends in der Dom?ne, jeweils aus Sicht der wesentlichen Stakeholder in der Industrie auf Basis von 21 Experteninterviews. Dazu geben wir einen ?berblick ?ber bestehende Automotive Software und beschreiben unser methodisches Vorgehen bei der Da...

  6. Multinationals and global climate change. Issues for the automotive and oil industries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kolk, A.; Levy, D

    2003-07-01

    This chapter analyzes the strategic responses by U.S. and European multinational enterprises (MNEs) in the oil and automobile industries to the global climate change issue. We examine and attempt to explain the differences across regions, across industries, and the changes over time. Traditional economic drivers of strategy do not provide a satisfactory account for these differences, and the chapter focuses instead on the conflicting institutional pressures on MNEs and the implications for their climate strategy. The home-country institutional context and individual corporate histories can create divergent pressures on strategy for MNEs based in different countries. At the same time, the location of MNEs in global industries and their participation in 'global issues arenas' such as climate change generate institutional forces for strategic convergence. It appears that local context influenced initial corporate reactions, but that convergent pressures predominate as the issue matures.

  7. Multinationals and global climate change. Issues for the automotive and oil industries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This chapter analyzes the strategic responses by U.S. and European multinational enterprises (MNEs) in the oil and automobile industries to the global climate change issue. We examine and attempt to explain the differences across regions, across industries, and the changes over time. Traditional economic drivers of strategy do not provide a satisfactory account for these differences, and the chapter focuses instead on the conflicting institutional pressures on MNEs and the implications for their climate strategy. The home-country institutional context and individual corporate histories can create divergent pressures on strategy for MNEs based in different countries. At the same time, the location of MNEs in global industries and their participation in 'global issues arenas' such as climate change generate institutional forces for strategic convergence. It appears that local context influenced initial corporate reactions, but that convergent pressures predominate as the issue matures

  8. An examination of technological capability development in the Thailand automotive industry: the role of Thai government policy from 1960-2009

    OpenAIRE

    Samarnbutr, Caruspong

    2012-01-01

    Thailand’s automotive industry has grown steadily since the 1960s making Thailand one of the world’s largest vehicle producers. Indeed, when it comes to Pick-up trucks, Thailand is the main manufacturing base for the following firms: Mitsubishi, Ford, Isuzu, Toyota and Nissan. While this may seem impressive, what remains unclear is whether these improvements have been matched with similar levels of technological capability development within Thailand. This study examines the growth of the ...

  9. The car manufacturer (CM) and third party logistics provider (TPLP) relationship in the outbound delivery channel: A qualitative study of the Malaysian automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    Abdul Rahman, Nor Aida

    2012-01-01

    This thesis was submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy and awarded by Brunel University. This research studies the relationship between car manufacturers (CM) and third party logistics providers (TPLP), also known as the logistics partnership, in the outbound delivery channel in the Malaysian automotive industry. It focuses specifically on the dyad perspective, and demonstrates that several critical success factors are required for a successful relationship between these two part...

  10. Enhancement of an implemented rating model and impact on existing risk management processes: A hands-on approach from financial supplier risk management within the automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    Magerle, Tobias

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to conduct a methodical drawback analysis of a financial supplier risk management approach which is currently implemented in the automotive industry. Based on identified methodical flaws, the risk assessment model is further developed by introducing a malus system which incorporates hidden risks into the model and by revising the derivation of the most central risk measure in the current model. Both methodical changes lead to significant enhancements in terms of r...

  11. Impacts of the manufacturing process using fiberglass reinforced plastic composite on the environment and occupational health: the automotive industry case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cíntia Madureira Orth

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The production of fiberglass reinforced plastic composite parts may cause serious damages to the health of workers and/or the environment, especially due to the generation of process trimmings, noise level and gas emission.  In view of that, this essay aims at assessing the main impacts of the Molding and Finish processes of an automotive plant on the environment and occupational health. It was observed that the open molding method adopted by the studied plant is the main cause of the generation of residues and that the waste of raw materials as trimmings may reach up to 30%. The final destination of those trimmings, which represent 45% of all the residues generated by the factory, is the industrial landfill. It was also observed that, due to the use of open molds, the levels of styrene and fiber dust were above the tolerance limits, presenting risks to the health of the workers.  Therefore, the studied company should consider the possibility of adopting less aggressive technologies, such as that used in closed molds. The reduction of the negative impacts of the productive processes in their source should be part of the company’s policy. Furthermore, the prevention must be continuous and improved every day.

  12. Two-beam Laser Brazing of Thin Sheet Steel for Automotive Industry Using Cu-base Filler Material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mittelstädt, C.; Seefeld, T.; Reitemeyer, D.; Vollertsen, F.

    This work shows the potential of two-beam laser brazing for joining both Zn-coated steel and 22MnB5. Brazing of Zn-coated steel sheets using Cu-Si filler wire is already state of the art in car manufacturing. New press-hardened steels like 22MnB5 are more and more used in automotive industry, offering high potential to save costs and improve structural properties (reduced weight / higher stiffness). However, for joining of these ultra-high strength steels investigations are mandatory. In this paper, a novel approach using a two-beam laser brazing process and Cu-base filler material is presented. The use of Cu-base filler material leads to a reduced heat input, compared to currently applied welding processes, which may result in benefits concerning distortion, post processing and tensile strength of the joint. Reliable processing at desired high speeds is attained by means of laser-preheating. High feed rates prevent significant diffusion of copper into the base material.

  13. An Account for Implementing Just-in-time: A Case Study of the Automotive Industry in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo Hou

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Just-in-time (JIT has been a popular operation strategy partly because of its success in the japanese automobile industry. Various benefits such as inventory reduction, improved operations efficiency, and faster response, have been studied widely in previous studies. Therefore, successful implementation of JIT is vital to many companies. This research makes use of a case study to explore five key research themes, which are information system, production planning, inventory management, quality management, and suppliers management, and the success factors surrounding implementation of JIT for an automotive company. This case study also provides evidences for supporting the benefits of employing JIT. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to collect relevant data. The research finding indicates that JIT system is crucial for the success of automobile companies, and operates JIT system can lead to many advantages to the case company. The major contribution of this paper lies in the discussions of the successful factors as a practical guide to implement JIT systems.

  14. Mediator effect of statistical process control between Total Quality Management (TQM) and business performance in Malaysian Automotive Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmad, M. F.; Rasi, R. Z.; Zakuan, N.; Hisyamudin, M. N. N.

    2015-12-01

    In today's highly competitive market, Total Quality Management (TQM) is vital management tool in ensuring a company can success in their business. In order to survive in the global market with intense competition amongst regions and enterprises, the adoption of tools and techniques are essential in improving business performance. There are consistent results between TQM and business performance. However, only few previous studies have examined the mediator effect namely statistical process control (SPC) between TQM and business performance. A mediator is a third variable that changes the association between an independent variable and an outcome variable. This study present research proposed a TQM performance model with mediator effect of SPC with structural equation modelling, which is a more comprehensive model for developing countries, specifically for Malaysia. A questionnaire was prepared and sent to 1500 companies from automotive industry and the related vendors in Malaysia, giving a 21.8 per cent rate. Attempts were made at findings significant impact of mediator between TQM practices and business performance showed that SPC is important tools and techniques in TQM implementation. The result concludes that SPC is partial correlation between and TQM and BP with indirect effect (IE) is 0.25 which can be categorised as high moderator effect.

  15. Analysis of the Retail Trade and Automotive Industry in the Russian Federation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilya Bolotov

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The article examines recent developments in the Russian retail trade and automobile industry as in the two very dynamic sectors of the Russian economy by stating and forecasting sales trends, presenting main market participants, shares of business forms and deducing perspectives for Central and Eastern European investors. The author uses a standard methodology for description of industries and one- and multi-dimensional time series models for forecasts and analysis. The article’s main benefit for Central and Eastern European managers is its concise and up-to-date description of the both sectors of the Russian economy, which is not easily accessible for foreigners due language barriers and marketing agencies’ fees.

  16. Foreign direct investment and host country productivity: the American automotive component industry in the 1980s

    OpenAIRE

    Wilbur Chung; Mitchell, W.; Yeung, B

    2003-01-01

    Although several studies have shown that inward foreign direct investment (FDI) often leads to greater host country productivity, researchers have yet to determine the relative importance of direct technology transfer and competitive pressure. To assess the relative importance of the two channels, we examine the US auto-component industry between 1979 and 1991. During this period, Japanese automobile assemblers began to produce vehicles in North America, and began to purchase inputs from US a...

  17. Crossing innovation and product projects management: comparative analysis in the automotive industry.

    OpenAIRE

    Beaume, Romain; Maniak, Rémi; Midler, Christophe

    2009-01-01

    Projectification and platform approaches have been two main transformation trends implemented by industrial firms during the1990s. For those firms, innovation management no longer deals with introducing radically and totally new products, but rather withapplying innovative features within a regular stream of products and platforms. This paper proposes an analytical framework thatcan address the resulting interplay between innovative features and new products. This framework relies on the conc...

  18. Kitting versus line stocking in the automotive assembly industry: the influence of part characteristics

    OpenAIRE

    Limère, Veronique; Van Landeghem, Hendrik; Aghezzaf, El-Houssaine

    2011-01-01

    Kitting and line stocking are two part feeding methods that are common in industry. Each system has particular operational benefits and disadvantages but there is a lack of research investigating the trade-offs between both systems. A mathematical cost model is presented for the assignment of individual parts to the materials supply method which is most cost effective for the overall materials delivery system (kitting or line stocking). The model is tested on realistic datasets. Results are p...

  19. Prioritization of balanced scorecard measurement indicators as a process management approach via fuzzy AHP: Case study in automotive industry

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Senvar, M. O.; Vayvay, O.; Kurt, E.; Hloch, Sergej

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 21, č. 1 (2014), s. 155-162. ISSN 1330-3651 Institutional support: RVO:68145535 Keywords : balanced scorecard * fuzzy * automotive Subject RIV: JQ - Machines ; Tools Impact factor: 0.579, year: 2014

  20. Analysis of documental heritage of CETA in standardization of the Spanish manufacturing automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    Sevilla Hurtado, Lorenzo; González Aragón, Manuel; Martín Sánchez, María Jesús; Sebastián Pérez, Miguel Ángel

    2013-01-01

    El presente trabajo muestra el proceso de recopilación, análisis, revisión y gestión realizada sobre el conjunto de normas CETA (Centro de Estudios Técnicos de Automoción), que constituyeron un interesante proceso de normalización llevado a cabo en el sector industrial relacionado con la fabricación de vehículos automóviles y que es uno de los elementos más desconocidos del patrimonio normalizador español. Asimismo, se ha realizado una evaluación comparativa con la normativa UNE vigente. La n...

  1. Joining of Dissimilar alloy Sheets (Al 6063&AISI 304) during Resistance Spot Welding Process: A Feasibility Study for Automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    Reddy Sreenivasulu

    2014-01-01

    Present design trends in automotive manufacture have shifted emphasis to alternative lightweight materials in order to achieve higher fuel efficiency and to bring down vehicle emission. Although some other joining techniques are more and more being used, spot welding still remains the primary joining method in automobile manufacturing so far. Spot welds for automotive applications should have a sufficiently large diameter, so that nugget pullout mode is the dominant failure mode. Interfacial ...

  2. MEMS for automotive and aerospace applications

    CERN Document Server

    Kraft, Michael

    2013-01-01

    MEMS for automotive and aerospace applications reviews the use of Micro-Electro-Mechanical-Systems (MEMS) in developing solutions to the unique challenges presented by the automotive and aerospace industries.Part one explores MEMS for a variety of automotive applications. The role of MEMS in passenger safety and comfort, sensors for automotive vehicle stability control applications and automotive tire pressure monitoring systems are considered, along with pressure and flow sensors for engine management, and RF MEMS for automotive radar sensors. Part two then goes on to explore MEMS for

  3. The Management of Innovation Process from Market Orientation Perspective in Automotive Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amalia PANDELICA

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Marketing and management researchers pointed out, beginning whit ’90s, the benefits of implementation of a new business philosophy – market orientation. Even if, the concept has an interdisciplinary approach, all academics and managers started from the same point – market orientation is a business philosophy, which connects all the functional areas of the organization to environment in which operates and ensures long-term profitability. Even if, the market orientation concept was the topic for many researches, in economic literature any framework model of implementation was not developed. In the article we present a framework model, which will emphasise the steps, and changes that an organization has to do to become market orientated, beginning from the particular case of automobile industry.

  4. TOYOTA PRODUCTION SYSTEM: LEAN MANUFACTURING IMPLEMENTATION AND APPLICATION TO AN AUTOMOTIVE PARTS INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANDRE RENATO BARRETTO

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available With the market increasingly competitive, one has to always seek process improvement tools, that can then take right decisions at the right time. As always grounded in solid information. This article deals with theories that govern the Lean Manufacturing (Lean Manufacturing. The adoption of this tool as a system of production management in order to look like cost reduction and competitive advantage. This study aimed to analyze the first stages of implementation tools Toyota production system and its process improvements. This study was based on data collected in an industry spare parts for cars, in the city of Botucatu, São Paulo. We proposed a new system of production management. The implementation of this model may be an important tool in order to gain competitive advantage in the field of auto spare parts and then to supply automakers.

  5. Evaluation of heavy metals in atmospheric emissions from automotive industry by total reflection X-ray fluorescence with synchrotron radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study had as goal to determine heavy metals and other elements (Ba, Br, Ca, Pb, Cl, Cr, Sr, Fe, Mn, Ni, K, Si, Ti and Zn) in atmospheric pollutants generated by an automotive industry located in the city of Engenheiro Coelho, state of Sao Paulo, Brazil. The sampling and sample preparation procedures were based on methods established by the Company of Sanitation and Technology (CETESB L9.234) and also by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA - Method 29). The analysis was performed at XRF Beamline (D09B-XRF) in the Synchrotron Light Source Laboratory (Campinas/SP). A white beam of synchrotron radiation was used for sample and standard excitation which were irradiated by 100 seconds. For X-ray lines detection, a Ge (HP) detector with 150 eV of resolution at 5.9 keV was employed. For zinc, iron, barium, calcium and potassium, the values obtained were in the range of 30 mg/Nm3 and, for other elements, the concentrations were approximately 1 mg/Nm3. The sum of As, Be, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sb, Se, Sn, Te and Zn concentration was compared with the limits established by CONAMA 264/1999 and SEMA 041/2002 resolutions (7.0 mg/Nm3) and it was observed that, for all samples, sums are higher than the permissive value mainly due to the high concentration of zinc. Detection limits for SR-TXRF technique were 0.10 μg/Nm3 for Pb and 0.02 μg/Nm3 for Zn. (author)

  6. Theoretical and practical investigation into sustainable metal joining process for the automotive industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Currently there are about 4300 weld points on the average steel vehicle. Errors and problems due to tip damage and wear can cause great losses due to production line downtime. Current industrial monitoring systems check the quality of the nugget after processing 15 cars average once every two weeks. The nuggets are examined off line using a destructive process, which takes approximately 10 days to complete causing a long delay in the production process. In this paper a simulation results using software package, SORPAS, will be presented to determined the sustainability factors in spot welding process including Voltage, Current, Force, Water cooling rates, Material thicknesses and usage. The experimental results of various spot welding processes will be investigated and reported. The correlation of experimental results shows that SORPAS simulations can be used as an off line measurement to reduce factory energy usage. This paper also provides an overview of electrode current selection and its variance over the lifetime of the electrode tip, and describes the proposed analysis system for the selection of welding parameters for the spot welding process, as the electrode tip wears.

  7. Organoclay nanocomposites of post-industrial waste poly(butylene terephthalate) from automotive parts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quispe, Noe B; Fernandes, Elizabeth G; Zanata, Fernanda; Bartoli, Julio R; Souza, Diego H S; Ito, Edson N

    2015-10-01

    Polymeric nanocomposites are novel materials of huge interest owing to their favourable cost/performance ratio with low amount of nanofillers, improved thermal resistance, flame retardancy and mechanical properties in relation to their matrices. In this work, composites based on post-industrial waste or primary recycled poly(butylene terephthalate) and 5 wt.% of organic modified montmorillonite clays were melt compounded using a twin-screw extruder. A 2(2) factorial experimental design was used to study the compounding and processing variables: Organic modified montmorillonite with one or two hydrogenated tallow (initial basal spacing) and screw speed of the extruder. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy suggest that a partial exfoliation of the organoclay in the recycled poly(butylene terephthalate) matrix was achieved for organic modified montmorillonite with lower initial basal spacing. On the other hand, formulations containing organic modified montmorillonite with higher initial basal spacing showed only intercalated structure. The recycled poly(butylene terephthalate)-organic modified montmorillonite nanocomposites did not drip flaming material during burning tests. Storage of dynamic-mechanical, tensile and flexural moduli of the recycled poly(butylene terephthalate)-organic modified montmorillonite were improved when compared with both virgin and recycled poly(butylene terephthalate)s, mainly for nanocomposites formulated at a lower initial basal spacing organoclay. This could be related to a better diffusion of polymer into organic modified montmorillonite layers compared with the higher initial basal spacing organoclay. The improvements on the physical properties of recycled poly(butylene terephthalate) showed the feasibility to add value to primary recycled engineering thermoplastics with a very small amount of organic modified montmorillonite. PMID:26341637

  8. An Australian study to evaluate worker exposure to chrysotile in the automotive service industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeung, P; Patience, K; Apthorpe, L; Willcocks, D

    1999-07-01

    A study was conducted in Sydney, Australia, in 1996 to investigate the current exposure levels, control technologies, and work practices in five service garages (four car and one bus), three brake bonding workshops, and one gasket processing workshop. This study formed part of the assessment of chrysotile as a priority existing chemical under the Australian National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment Scheme. A total of 68 (11 personal and 57 area) air samples were collected, in accordance with the Australian standard membrane filter method. Fiber concentrations were determined by the traditional phase contrast microscopy (PCM) method and 16 selected samples were analyzed by the more powerful transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Chrysotile exposure of car mechanics measured by PCM was typically below the reportable detection limit of 0.05 f/mL, irrespective of whether disc brake, drum brake, or clutch was being serviced. These low levels can be attributed to the wet cleaning or aerosol spray methods used in recent years to replace the traditional compressed air jet cleaning. In the three brake shoe relining workshops, task-specific exposure reached up to 0.16 f/mL in the processes of cutting and radius grinding. TEM results were generally higher, due to its higher resolution power. The median diameter on samples taken from the service garages (passenger cars), as determined by TEM, was 0.5-1.0 micron; and was between 0.2-0.5 micron for the brake bonding and gasket processing workshops, while that for the bus service depot was 0.1-0.2 micron. Most of the respirable fibers (84%, mainly forsterite) from the bus service depot were below 0.2 micron in diameter which is the resolution limit of PCM. In the brake bonding and gasket cutting workshops, 34 percent and 44 percent of the chrysotile fibers were below 0.2 micron in diameter. PMID:10461401

  9. Multidimensional Structure for Definingthe Effect of Organizational Culture and Supply Chain Culture on Knowledge Sharing in Supply Chain of Automotive Industry: With Emphasis on Improving Supply Chain Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohsen Shafiei Nikabadi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available : One of the key aspects of knowledge management is organizational culture. Finding an appropriate culture and key indicators for culture in implementation and execution of knowledge management are one the most important matter in knowledge management implementation in any organization. So, the main purpose of this article was presenting a multidimensional structure for organizational culture and supply chain culture with the aim of effective knowledge sharing in supply chain of automotive industry of Iran. First, according to the literature review, key indicators for any dimension of multidimensional structure of the research were defined. Then, key indicators were revised, adjusted and modified by three industry experts and three college professors, so 4 questions and 5 hypotheses were offered. Next, that multidimensional structure has been assessed as a survey and cause-effect study in supply chains of Iran Khodro Company and Saipa Company.115 industry professionals have participated in this study. In the research, after testing co-linearity between variables, relations between different dimensions of the multidimensional structure have been assessed with the help of path analysis. Research findings showed that the multidimensional structure introduced in the study had an appropriate fitness in automotive industry. The results of path analysis also showed that the culture of the supply chain has had the greatest impact of Business culture. On the other hand, business culture had a strong but indirect effect on supply chain performance. And finally, the greatest effect of knowledge sharing and transferring was on non-financial performance of supply chain.

  10. The Policy Implications of a Regional Case Study: Skills Shortages and Provision in the Welsh Automotive and Electronics Industries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cockrill, Antje

    2002-01-01

    Responses from 22 automotive/electronics small businesses in Wales were compared with a 1996 survey. Results show that government initiatives such as Modern Apprenticeships had limited impact on small businesses. Barriers to training such as time, cost, and motivation also appeared, suggesting that mere availability of training programs does not…

  11. Automotive NVH technology

    CERN Document Server

    Nijman, Eugenius; Priebsch, Hans-Herwig

    2016-01-01

    This book presents seven chapters examining selected noise, vibration and harshness (NVH) topics that are highly relevant for automotive vehicle development. These include applications following the major trends toward increased passenger comfort, vehicle electrification and lightweight design. The authors of the seven chapters, all of which are experts from the automotive industry and academia, present the foremost challenges and potential solutions in this demanding field. Among others, applications for sound optimization in downsized engines, noise optimization in electric powertrains, weight reduction options for exhaust systems, porous materials description, and the vibro-acoustic analysis of geared systems are discussed.

  12. Industry 4.0 – Only designed to fit the German automotive industry : A multiple case study on the feasibility of Industry 4.0 to Swedish SMEs

    OpenAIRE

    Rodriguez Masdefiol, Maria del Mar; Stävmo, Fanny

    2016-01-01

    Industry 4.0 is still in an early development phase and it promises to bring remarkable benefits to the manufacturing industry around the world when employing the Smart Factory application in large organizations and their supply chains. Initiatives incorporating this concept can already be found in Sweden. However, there is a risk of a miss-match when trying to introduce Industry 4.0 to SME’s as the concept, with its pursuit of becoming flexible and achieving the desired “batch size one”, is ...

  13. The relationship between intellectual capital and value-based performance measurement variables (Case study: automotive industry companies of Iran)

    OpenAIRE

    MOHAMMADI CHESHMEH KABOUDI, Afshin; JOORBONYAN, Saeed; EBRAHIMI, Ebrahim; MOJAHED, Saeed

    2015-01-01

    Abstract. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between intellectual capital and value-based performance measurement variables of automotive companies operating in Iran in the period 2008-2014 and it was found that efficient use of material and intellectual resources is effective on value-based performance measurement indicators. Also, the efficiency of human capital impacts on economic value added, market value added and value-added cash and the efficiency of capital employed impa...

  14. Joining of Dissimilar alloy Sheets (Al 6063&AISI 304 during Resistance Spot Welding Process: A Feasibility Study for Automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reddy Sreenivasulu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Present design trends in automotive manufacture have shifted emphasis to alternative lightweight materials in order to achieve higher fuel efficiency and to bring down vehicle emission. Although some other joining techniques are more and more being used, spot welding still remains the primary joining method in automobile manufacturing so far. Spot welds for automotive applications should have a sufficiently large diameter, so that nugget pullout mode is the dominant failure mode. Interfacial mode is unacceptable due to its low load carrying and energy absorption capability. Strength tests with different static loading were performed in, to reveal the failure mechanisms for the lap-shear geometry and the cross-tension geometry. Based on the literature survey performed, venture into this work was amply motivated by the fact that a little research work has been conducted to joining of dissimilar materials like non ferrous to ferrous. Most of the research works concentrated on joining of different materials like steel to steel or aluminium alloy to aluminium alloy by resistance spot welding. In this work, an experimental study on the resistance spot weldability of aluminium alloy (Al 6063 and austenitic stainless steel (AISI304 sheets, which are lap joined by using a pedestal type resistance spot welding machine. Welding was conducted using a 45-deg truncated cone copper electrode with 10-mm face diameter. The weld nugget diameter, force estimation under lap shear test and T – peel test were investigated using digital type tensometer attached with capacitive displacement transducer (Mikrotech, Bangalore, Model: METM2000ER1. The results shows that joining of Al 6063 and AISI 304 thin sheets by RSW method are feasible for automotive structural joints where the loads are below 1000N act on them, it is observed that by increasing the spots per unit length, then the joint with standing strength to oppose failure is also increased linearly incase of

  15. Innovation in the Automotive Sector of the Philippines

    OpenAIRE

    Quimba, Francis Mark A.; Rosellon, Maureen Ane D.

    2011-01-01

    The performance of the Philippine automotive industry has steadily improved after the Asian crisis. However, relative to the performance of the automotive industry in other countries, the automotive sector in the country has languished. To understand the challenges being faced by the automotive assemblers, as well as parts and components manufacturers, the innovation capability and activities of selected establishments are analyzed following the framework developed by Bessant. This paper find...

  16. 我国新能源汽车产业创新生态系统构建研究%The Study on the Innovation Ecosystem Construction of China's New Energy Automotive Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李磊; 郭燕青

    2014-01-01

    The paper analyzes the current situation of new energy automotive industry in America,Japan and European countries,points out the urgency of development for new energy automotive industry. The most important task in the devel-opment of new energy automotive industry is innovation. The paper combines the innovation ecosystem theory,constructs an ecosystem model of new energy automotive industry innovation,and comprehensive analyzes the model.%分析新能源汽车产业在美国、日本、欧洲各国的发展现状,指出我国发展新能源汽车产业的任务紧迫性。发展新能源汽车产业的首要任务是创新,结合创新生态系统理论构建新能源汽车产业创新生态系统模型,并对模型进行较为全面的解析。

  17. Avantages de l'emploi du magnésium forgé pour l'allègement des véhicules [ MagForge: Magnesium forged components for the automotive industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chevaleyre, F.; Popescu, M.; Sillekens, W.H.; Ferreres, I.; Kurz, G.; Gourdin, P.; Gantar, G.

    2010-01-01

    This project, under 6th framework programme of the European Commission, aims to provide SME's with the cost-effective knowledge to provide the automotive industry with light forged magnesium-based alloys components. Low density, high mechanical properties and total recyclability pairing with the adv

  18. A sustentabilidade na indústria automobilística: vantagem competitiva ou um sonho distante? Sustainability in automotive industry: competitive advantage or a distant dream?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almir Carvalho

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available DOI: 10.5902/198346597741A introdução de aspectos relativos à sustentabilidade nos negócios faz parte do cenário empresarial nos mais diversos setores. Para a indústria automobilística, não é diferente; ao contrário, as discussões podem ser ainda mais intensas por se tratar de um setor de grande importância econômica e com impactos sociais e ambientais consideráveis. Este estudo tem por objetivo identificar como as questões relacionadas à sustentabilidade podem influenciar a decisão dos consumidores da indústria automobilística no Brasil, tendo como amostra consumidores residentes na cidade de São Paulo, a maior cidade do país. A pesquisa empírica, do tipo survey, compreendeu uma amostra de 184 consumidores da cidade de São Paulo, que responderam a um questionário enviado eletronicamente. Os resultados apontam para evidências ainda pouco expressivas em termos de influência de aspectos de sustentabilidade na percepção dos consumidores, em detrimento de fatores de ordem econômica, o que pode comprometer possíveis estratégias voltadas à sustentabilidade por parte das empresas do setor. The introduction of sustainability aspects in business has been a part of the current scenario in any industry. For automotive sector this is no different; on the contrary, discussions can be even more intense because it is a sector of great importance, regarding economic, social and environmental impacts. This study aims to identify how sustainability issues can influence Brazilian customers’ decision related to automotive industry, through a sample of consumers located in the city of São Paulo, the largest one in the country. The empirical research is of survey type and gathered a sample of 184 consumers, who answered a questionnaire sent electronically. The outcomes point out to the little significant scores in terms of the influence of sustainability aspects in the perception of consumers – rather than of economic factors

  19. Can Distance Learning Be Used to Teach Automotive Management Skills?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noto, Teresa L.

    2011-01-01

    Today's automotive college students will shape the future of the automobile industry. The success of college-level automotive programs has long been dependent on the students' ability to participate in hands-on classroom based interactions. In this article, distance learning and how it can be used to teach automotive management skills, as well as…

  20. Green innovation adoption in automotive supply chain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zailani, Suhaiza; Govindan, Kannan; Iranmanesh, Mohammad;

    2015-01-01

    Green innovation has currently been receiving a great deal of international attention because of the growing concern of consumers, governments, and the community as a whole with regard to the degradation of natural resources and environmental pollution. The automotive sector is one of the leading...... generators of industrial waste that affect the quality of the natural environment. This study aims to investigate the determinants of green innovation adoption and its effect on firm performance. Data were gathered by surveying 153 firms in the Malaysian automotive supply chain industry. Data were analyzed......). These results have important implications for designing strategic plans for the Malaysian automotive industry....

  1. A Descriptive Study on the Impact of Knowledge Creation Mechanism on Organizational Performance: A Case study in Malaysian Automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan Bihamta

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The process of continues improvement is one of the significant and predominant programs in most of the manufacturers all over the world. These struggles constantly look for improvement breakthrough that it is necessary for achieving efficiency and effectiveness to maintain sustainable quality processes and competitive advantages as well. Moreover, quality is one of the major competitive advantages that it is crucial for improving efficiency. Nowadays, many of company in global market are developing programs to achieve and deploying this process. In this study, we are going to illustrate the influence of knowledge creation mechanism on improving the quality process and its impact on organizational performance. This study applied the framework from Nonaka (1994, called SECI model for creating knowledge. This research focused on an automotive manufacturer companies. Besides, the roles of six sigma and continuous improvement process (CIP were clearly discussed. Moreover, the profound roles of knowledge creation in terms of socialization, externalization, combination and internalization as a model on quality process were examined.

  2. The relation between the discomfort level of automotive industries operators towards their workstation design and work environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.B. Sulong

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Study was carried out to analyze the key factor that contributes towards worker productivity bydetermining the correlation, relationship and interactional features between comfort level, environmental factors(noise, heat and lighting and workstation dimension. The identification of discomfort level was carried outamong the operators of three automotive companies in Malaysia.Design/methodology/approach: Study was carried out to assess discomfort level based on ergonomical factorsand to determine the distribution of body discomfort in relation to the tasks performed. The study was carried outbased on questionnaire responses from the participating factories and the collected data was analyzed throughthe SPSS software.Findings: Findings from the analyzed data shows that the left arm is the most commonly used body part foractivities involving lifting, pulling, twisting, carrying and holding. Furthermore, heat discomfort in the workingenvironment is the dominant factor associated with worker productivity due to body discomfort arising fromsweat. Developments towards improving the comfort level, environmental factors (noise, heat and lighting andworkstation dimension of the operators must be made to avoid further discomfort.Research limitations/implications: Work environment factors studied in this research are heat/sweat, coldenvironment, brightness/light, high level of noise, chemical radiation, thermal conductivity and work tool vibration.In addition, activities performed by the operators while working were also linked as the cause of body aches.Originality/value: It can be concluced that working enviroment that caused heat /sweat is the most significantdiscomfort in the job satisfaction analysis. Furthermore, through correlation analysis, the relationship andinteractional features between comfort level, environmental factors (noise, heat and lighting, workstationdimension and activities performed by the operators while working were

  3. Automotive sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marek, Jiri; Illing, Matthias

    2003-01-01

    Sensors are an essential component of most electronic systems in the car. They deliver input parameters for comfort features, engine and emission control as well as for the active and passive safety systems. New technologies such as silicon micromachining play an important role for the introduction of these sensors in all vehicle classes. The importance and use of these sensor technologies in today"s automotive applications will be shown in this article. Finally an outlook on important current developments and new functions in the car will be given.

  4. The determinants of location choices of automotive producers in Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    Erdogan, Ersin

    2011-01-01

    Turkish automotive industry achieved a remarkable growth in the last two decades. This growth has been led by three closely located northwest cities of the country; namely Bursa, Kocaeli and Sakarya. The first purpose of this study is signposting the geographical concentration of automotive industry in Turkey. The second goal of the study is to find out the determinants of the location-choices of automotive producers in Turkey by using export of motor vehicles and related industry products fi...

  5. Automotive Technologies. State Competency Profile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohio Board of Regents, Columbus.

    This document, which lists the technical automotive technologies competencies identified by representatives from business, industry, and labor as well as technical educators throughout Ohio, is intended to assist individuals and organizations in developing college tech prep programs that will prepare students from secondary through post-secondary…

  6. Innovative Technology in Automotive Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardner, John

    2007-01-01

    Automotive Technology combines hands-on training along with a fully integrated, interactive, computerized multistationed facility. Our program is a competency based, true open-entry/open-exit program that utilizes flexible self-paced course outlines. It is designed around an industry partnership that promotes community and economic development,…

  7. Automotive systems engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Winner, Hermann

    2013-01-01

    This book reflects the shift in design paradigm in automobile industry. It presents future innovations, often referred as  “automotive systems engineering”.  These cause fundamental innovations in the field of driver assistance systems and electro-mobility as well as fundamental changes in the architecture of the vehicles. New driving functionalities can only be realized if the software programs of multiple electronic control units work together correctly. This volume presents the new and innovative methods which are mandatory to master the complexity of the vehicle of the future.

  8. Analyses of Disrupted Supply Chains by the Great East Japan Earthquake and Reconstruction of the Disaster-affected Region by the Cluster of the Automotive Industry: Utilizing the regional CGE model (Japanese)

    OpenAIRE

    Tokunaga, Suminori; Okiyama, Mitsuru; Akune, Yuko

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is first to analyze a negative supply shock due to "disrupted supply chains" caused by the earthquake and, secondly, to examine which of the policies to reconstruct the disaster-affected region is the most advisable way to proceed with the accumulation of the automotive industry. Using the two-regional computable general equilibrium (CGE) model, we initially found that had the alternative production at other plants been very easy, even if the production volume of mot...

  9. Automotive perspective on laser material processing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper a broad review is given of the development and use of laser processing in the automotive industry. a brief introduction to the major types of processing lasers and related systems is followed by a summary of the major processing regimes. Examples are given of the automotive industry's use of lasers in a variety of applications, from heat treating and welding, to cutting and marking

  10. INFLUENCE OF AUTOMOTIVE CLUSTERS IN REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Constantin BORDEI

    2014-01-01

    This paper proposes an overview of the evolution in the automotive sector in the process of regional development. The fundamental changes made by the component supplier sector improved the regional development and manufacturing process. Automotive industry is one of the modern sectors in many countries that benefits of a high technology impact and creates jobs that reduces unemployment across Europe. The auto industry changed cities, regions and countries into poles of development and it beco...

  11. An Account for Implementing Just-in-time: A Case Study of the Automotive Industry in China

    OpenAIRE

    Bo Hou; Hing Kai Chan; Xiaojun Wang

    2013-01-01

    Just-in-time (JIT) has been a popular operation strategy partly because of its success in the japanese automobile industry. Various benefits such as inventory reduction, improved operations efficiency, and faster response, have been studied widely in previous studies. Therefore, successful implementation of JIT is vital to many companies. This research makes use of a case study to explore five key research themes, which are information system, production planning, inventory manage...

  12. The New Competitive Advantage: Technological Change: An Application of Electronic Data Interchange Implementation in SME in Automotive Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Asli Goksoy; Ozalp Vayvay; Gulnur Karabulut

    2012-01-01

    The pace of change in technology has accelerated rapidly in the past decade providing various opportunities to companies to improve their efficiency and competitiveness. One of the useful and cost effective technological innovation is electronic data interchange (EDI). EDI has being increasingly used in many industries, as companies realized the potential benefits and competitive advantages of adopting electronic data exchange in their operations. EDI is strategically important, because good ...

  13. Despotismo hegemónico y relaciones laborales en el sector automotriz argentino durante los años 90 Industrial relations and hegemonic despotism in the Argentinean automotive industry during 1990s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustín Santella

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available En la teoría de los "regímenes fabriles" de Michael Burawoy, el proceso de producción no se reduce al proceso de trabajo, sino que incluye a los "aparatos políticos a través de los que se regulan las relaciones de lucha en el proceso de trabajo". Intentaremos mostrar una variante en la que las empresas automotrices celebran acuerdos formales e informales con la comisión interna cediendo ciertas funciones de control como garantía de la disciplina laboral. Este proceso es importante para analizar un parte de la preservación sindical durante los 90 en la Argentina. Este trabajo se propone enfatizar la importancia de las comisiones internas en distintos contextos históricos y en el período de la adaptación sindical a las reformas de mercado. Presentamos resultados de avances de una investigación basada en fuentes primarias y secundarias sobre la movilización entre los trabajadores de esta industria en Argentina, entre 1989 y 2006.In the theory of "factory regimes" of Michael Burawoy, the process of production is not reduced to the labor process, but includes "political apparatuses which reproduce those relations of the labor process through the regulation of struggles". We intend to show a case in that the automotive corporations make informal and formal agreements with shop floor trade union organizations, transferring some control functions as a labor control guarantee. This essay is proposed to stress the importance of shop floor trade unions organizations in different historical contexts and in the period of trade union adaptation to market reforms. We present some research results on original and secondary sources about worker mobilization of automotive industry in Argentina between 1986 and 2006.

  14. Research progress of aluminum alloy automotive sheet and application technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ma Mingtu; You Jianghai; Lu Hongzhou; Wang Zhiwen

    2012-01-01

    Pretrcatment technology is deeply discussed to explain its importance in guaranteeing properties and form- ability of aluminum alloy automotive sheet. Some typical applications of aluminum alloy automotive sheet to automotive industry are listed. Based on the author's knowledge and recognition and research progress presently, the important re- search contents about aluminum alloy automotive sheet are emphasized. Reducing cost and price of sheet and going deeply into application research are the main work for expending the application of aluminum alloy automotive sheet in the automobile.

  15. USING A TOTAL QUALITY STRATEGY IN A NEW PRACTICAL APPROACH FOR IMPROVING THE PRODUCT RELIABILITY IN AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiano Fragassa

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper a Total Quality Management strategy is proposed, refined and used with the aim at improving the quality of large-mass industrial products far beyond the technical specifications demanded at the end-customer level. This approach combines standard and non-standard tools used for Reliability, Availability and Maintainability analysis. The procedure also realizes a stricter correlation between theoretical evaluation methods and experimental evidences as part of a modern integrated method for strengthening quality in design and process. A commercial Intake Manifold, largely spread in the market, is used as test-case for the validation of the methodology. As general additional result, the research underlines the impact of Total Quality Management and its tools on the development of innovation.

  16. The organization of the automotive industry in an international context: a cost functions frontiers approach; L'organisation de la production automobile dans un contexte international: une approche par les fonctions frontieres de cout

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pompeigne, J

    2003-07-15

    The international automotive industry is under pinned by a dual recurrent movement of concentration and internationalization of the production. Its recent scale was the consequence of a set of strategies developed by the major auto-makers to cope with two exogenous phenomenon affecting the automotive industry. On one hand, we are talking about the saturation of the traditional automotive markets (North America, Western Europe and Japan). On the other hand, the increasing severity of the major regulations concerning the industry, notably the ones about environmental protection, is involved. The first part of the dissertation is first devoted to underline these two exogenous phenomenon, then the major strategies adopted by the auto-makers to face them are defined. Finally, the analysis turns on the resulting increase of the concentration and of the internationalization of the production. We focus on this last point and on the problem of international location of industrial activities faced by the auto-makers because of it. The second part is about providing an empirical framework to help solving these problems through parametric stochastic cost production frontiers and cost-efficiency levels. For this purpose, the analytical foundations of both of these notions are introduced, then several empirical estimation methods of a cost frontier are exposed. Finally, these methods are used to treat two real examples illustrating some of the problems about the international location of the productive activities of a major auto-maker. The point for him is to choose the most favorable configuration of its industrial system, by comparing the competing solutions through their respective cost-efficiency levels. The benefit of using additional data analysis methods to draw these comparisons is shown. (author)

  17. Advanced Materials for Automotive Application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper some recent material developments will be overviewed mainly from the point of view of automotive industry. In car industry, metal forming is one of the most important manufacturing processes imposing severe restrictions on materials; these are often contradictory requirements, e.g. high strength simultaneously with good formability, etc. Due to these challenges and the ever increasing demand new material classes have been developed; however, the more and more wide application of high strength materials meeting the requirements stated by the mass reduction lead to increasing difficulties concerning the formability which requires significant technological developments as well. In this paper, the recent materials developments will be overviewed from the point of view of the automotive industry

  18. Use Of Dynamic Resistance And Dynamic Energy To Compare Two Resistance Spot Welding Equipments For Automotive Industry In Zinc Coated And Uncoated Sheets.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcio Batista

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Resistance spot welding is a fabrication process highly used in the structures assembly. This fact evidences the importance of this welding process control, due to its efficiency, productivity speediness and straightforward simple automation. This work aimed to study the weldability of zinc coated and uncoated steel sheets for automotive industry, comparing the performance of two welding equipments with two current outputkinds: alternating current (AC and medium frequency direct current (DC. The welding parameters were kept constant: 260 kgf (force, 150 ms (time and 7.0 kA (welding current, based upon an optimization parameters methodology. The joints were characterized using optical metallography (spot diameter, indentation depth and weld penetration depth, mechanical tensile-shear tests and electrical measurements: contact electrical resistance, dynamic resistance and dynamic energy. The results showed that welding in medium frequency direct current was more efficient in generating heat in zinc coated sheets and uncoated sheets than alternating current equipment. In welding using AC and DC equipments in zinc coated sheets, the spot weld time formation was 25ms longer than uncoated steel sheets spot weld time. The burn of zinc during welding did not damage the spot weld formation with AC or DC equipments. The electrical contact resistance increased with the roughnessand also presented 52% higher in uncoated sheets than in zinc coated sheets. Finally, the increase in dynamicresistance and dynamic energy augmented the spot weld diameter for both welding equipments. As a final conclusion, the medium frequency direct current equipment presented better results than wave alternating current

  19. Electronic technique application in automotive industry and development trend%电子技术在汽车工业中的应用与发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾泽宇

    2012-01-01

    Briefly introduce the application situation of modern electronic technique in automotive ABS system and drive anti-slip system,automotive dynamic control system and electronic brake distribution system, automotive electronic control suspension,automotive electronic control dynamic steering system,safety air bag, door lock emergency release system and GPS rescue system,expound the development trend of automotive electronic technique.%简要地介绍了现代电子技术在汽车制动防抱死系统与驱动防滑系统、汽车动态控制系统与电子制动力分配系统、汽车电控悬架、汽车电控动力转向系统、安全气囊、门锁紧急施放系统与GPS救援系统等方面的应用情况,阐述了汽车电子技术的发展趋势。

  20. Automotive electronics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Basshuysen, R. van [ed.; Baun, R. [comp.

    2000-10-01

    Electronic equipment is indispensable in modern motor cars for active and passive safety, exhaust and consumption monitoring or comfort. Electric and electronic systems today account for nearly 20 percent of the production cost of a normal passenger car, with an upward trend. Infotainment equipment is a growing market, which gets center stage in this issue. Further subjects discussed are current electronic and mechatronic applications as well as new developments in data transmission, development tools and constructional elements. [German] Ohne Elektronik sind moderne Automobile nicht mehr vorstellbar. Ob aktive oder passive Sicherheit, Abgas, Verbrauch oder Komfort - der Fortschritt im Autombil ist eng verknuepft mit der Einfuehrung neuer elektronischer Systeme und Komponenten. Obwohl meist nicht sehr auffaellig in einer Black-box verpackt, liegen die anteiligen Herstellungskosten fuer die Elektrik und Elektronik bei einem Mittelklassefahrzeug schon bei knapp 20 Prozent. Tendenz: Weiter steigend. Waehrend die Segnungen von ABS, ESP oder Motormanagement fuer den Kunden unsichtbar bleiben, tritt die Elektronik mit den Infotainment-Systemen ins Rampenlicht. Hochwertige Audio-Anlagen im Doppel-DIN-Format und grosse Farbbildschirme sitzen an prominenter Stelle im Armaturenbrett. Elektronische Systeme werden damit fuer den Kunden sichtbar, greifbar und erlebbar. Doch je mehr Funktionen integriert werden, desto wichtiger wird eine einfache Bedienung, die den Fahrer moeglichst wenig vom Verkehrsgeschehen ablenkt. Das ist leider keine Selbstverstaendlichkeit: Eine klare, einfache Bedienung wurde in der Vergangenheit schon bei so manchem simplen Cassetten-Radio schmerzlich vermisst. Infotainment im Automobil ist ein Wachstumsmarkt - und das Schwerpunkt-Thema der vorliegenden zweiten Ausgabe von 'Automotive Electronics'. Darueber hinaus beschaeftigt sich auch diese Ausgabe mit aktuellen Elektronik- und Mechatronik-Anwendungen und berichtet ueber neue Entwicklungen

  1. Automotive Aluminium Recycling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gelas, B. des

    2000-07-01

    This paper aims at providing an overview on the contribution of aluminium recycling in the supply of new aluminium for automotive applications. Based on a presentation on how the global European automotive aluminium supply requirements are met, an analysis of the present and future contribution of automotive aluminium recycling is first presented. Current situation and future developments for automotive aluminium recycling practices are then commented, together with an outline on design principles for easier aluminium recycling. (orig.)

  2. Sound field control in the automotive environment

    OpenAIRE

    Cheer, Jordan; Elliott, Stephen; Jung, Woomin

    2015-01-01

    Active control of engine and road noise in the automotive environment has been investigated within the automotive industry for around 20 years. This interest is due to both the potential to reduce vehicle noise, and the ability to remove passive noise control treatments and, therefore, improve fuel efficiency. The most successful commercial systems have generally used the loudspeakers of the car audio system to globally control engine or road noise at low frequencies. It is also possible to u...

  3. Super High Strength Steel for automotive applications

    OpenAIRE

    CONFENTE, Mario; SCHNEIDER, Emmanuel; BOMONT, Olivier; LESCALIER, Christophe; BOMONT-ARZUR, Anne

    2008-01-01

    Intensive weight savings and out-sizing programs are developed in automotive industry and lead to increase the mechanical properties of the material of the automotive parts. ArcelorMittal has developed specific steel grades known as Super High Strength Steels which are designed for both high ductility and toughness and fatigue resistance. This paper investigates machinability for a drilling operation using an experimental methodology. One of the materials is a new low bainitic steel grade. Ex...

  4. Virtual Tryout Technologies for Preparing Automotive Manufacturing

    OpenAIRE

    Takahashi, Susumu

    2012-01-01

    It is important to reduce the weight of the automotive and to shorten the development period for reduction of CO2 discharge. For these purpose, virtual tryout technologies have been introduced automotive industry. Every process from stamping to assembly for car development has introduced CAD design and numerical simulation such as forming simulation, dimensional accuracy simulation such as forming simulation, dimensional accuracy simulation and so on. In this paper, sheet metal forming simula...

  5. Automotive vehicle sensors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sheen, S.H.; Raptis, A.C.; Moscynski, M.J.

    1995-09-01

    This report is an introduction to the field of automotive vehicle sensors. It contains a prototype data base for companies working in automotive vehicle sensors, as well as a prototype data base for automotive vehicle sensors. A market analysis is also included.

  6. Transitions: the state of the automotive industry–a summary

    OpenAIRE

    Emily Engel; William A. Strauss

    2007-01-01

    The United States automotive industry has been undergoing tremendous changes in recent years. Speakers at a recent Chicago Fed conference explored these changes and considered the road to the future for the auto industry.

  7. Early Purchaser Involvement in Open Innovation- the case of an advanced purchasing function triggering the absorption of external knowledge in the French automotive industry

    OpenAIRE

    Servajean-Hilst, Romaric; Picaud, Katia

    2014-01-01

    International audience This paper investigates the mechanisms that trigger the absorption of external knowledge in an innovative French automotive firm. An ethnographic-inspired study conducted by an academic embedded within the Innovation Purchasing Department has enable us to present a rare and new function of Purchasing that plays an important role between potential new suppliers and Research and Development personnel.

  8. AUTOMOTIVE MARKET- FROM A GENERAL TO A MARKET SEGMENTATION APPROACH

    OpenAIRE

    Liviana Andreea Niminet

    2014-01-01

    Automotive market and its corresponding industry are undoubtedly of outmost importance and therefore proper market segmentation is crucial for market players, potential competitors and customers as well. Time has proved that market economic analysis often shown flaws in determining the relevant market, by using solely or mainly the geographic aspect and disregarding the importance of segments on the automotive market. For these reasons we propose a new approach of the automotive market provin...

  9. INNOVATION LEAN PRINCIPLES IN AUTOMOTIVE GREEN MANUFACTURING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dušan Sabadka

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Today, industries such as automotive and manufacturing industries deal with a lot of environmental regulations. Lean is a production strategy whose fundamental principles drive the industry towards a more effective production of goods and services. The eco-efficiency concept is primary to sustainable development and intends to provide more value with less environmental impact. The aim of this study is to identify and explore the contributions of Lean to reduce environmental impacts that naturally result from industrial activity.

  10. Automotive fuels from biomass via gasification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There exists already a market of bio-automotive fuels i.e. bioethanol and biodiesel produced from food crops in many countries. From the viewpoint of economics, environment, land use, water use and chemical fertilizer use, however, there is a strong preference for the use of woody biomass and various forest/agricultural residues as the feedstock. Thus, the production of 2nd generation of bio-automotive fuels i.e. synthetic fuels such as methanol, ethanol, DME, FT-diesel, SNG and hydrogen through biomass gasification seems promising. The technology of producing synthetic fuels is well established based on fossil fuels. For biomass, however, it is fairly new and the technology is under development. Starting from the present market of the 1st generation bio-automotive fuels, this paper is trying to review the technology development of the 2nd generation bio-automotive fuels from syngas platform. The production of syngas is emphasized which suggests appropriate gasifier design for a high quality syngas production. A number of bio-automotive fuel demonstration plant will be presented, which gives the state of the art in the development of BTS (biomass to synthetic fuels) technologies. It can be concluded that the 2nd generation bio-automotive fuels are on the way to a breakthrough in the transport markets of industrial countries especially for those countries with a strong forest industry. (author)

  11. Fatal exit the automotive black box debate

    CERN Document Server

    Kowalick, Tom

    2005-01-01

    "Fatal Exit: The Automotive Black Box Debate cuts through thirty years of political wrangling and institutional biases to provide an argument for the Motor Vehicle Event Data Recorder (MVEDR). This automotive equivalent of an airplane's flight recorder or black box is intended to solve the mysteries of car crashes and improve the safety of our roads. The reader is taken inside the automotive industry and the government highway safety establishment to foster an understanding of the politics and the positions on all sides of this safety debate. The author takes an unbiased approach, chronologically presenting each argument and uncovering the agendas and mandates of each of the stakeholders." "This publication is essential reading for all consumers who need to have their voices heard on this critical issue, as well as for attorneys, public safety advocates, public policy administrators, engineers, automotive professionals, journalists, and insurance executives."--Jacket.

  12. Les élastomères dans les industries pétrolière et parapétrolière Elastomers in the Oil and Automotive Industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lesage J.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available L'accroissement des contraintes subies par les matériaux utilisés dans les techniques pétrolières et parapétrolières et liées aux températures et pressions élevées ainsi qu'aux agressions chimiques, fait que l'on exige de ces matériaux qu'ils soient de plus en plus performants. Ceci implique, pour les concepteurs et utilisateurs de matériel comportant des élastomères en contact avec les hydrocarbures, une connaissance actualisée des produits existants, lesquels sont en constante évolution. On commence donc par décrire les principales familles d'élastomères résistant en milieu pétrolier actuellement disponibles sur le marché. Puis, après avoir évoqué les problèmes que rencontrent les industries pétrolière et automobile dans l'utilisation des élastomères et présenté sommairement les résultats de travaux réalisés à l'Institut Français du Pétrole (IFP, on définira quelques axes de recherches dont la finalité est de participer à l'amélioration des techniques pétrolières dans le sens d'une meilleure fiabilité et d'une réduction des coûts. The materials used in the oil and automotive industries are being subjected to higher and higher mechanical, thermal and chemical stresses, so these materials, and especially elastomers, have to be more and more resistant. For designers and users of equipment containing elastomers in contact with hydrocarbons, this requires an updated understanding of existing products. The aim of this article is thus to describe, first of all, the leading families of resistant elastomers now available for use in a petroleum environment, with particular emphasis on chlorinated, fluorinated, acrylic and nitrile rubbers and their derivatives, which have evolved greatly in recent years with the appearance of new varieties and new types of elastomers, such as Atlas, Vamac, Eypel, etc. For each family of elastomer, the structure is described along with the vulcanization method, its properties

  13. The Influence of After-Sales Service Determinants on Brand Loyalty Within the Premium Automotive Industry: An Empirical Comparison of Three Countries

    OpenAIRE

    Paul Hünecke; Marjaana Gunkel

    2012-01-01

    This study examines the influence of after-sales service determinants on brand loyalty in the premium automotive sector. Reflective and formative variables were measured using partial least-squares path modeling. The model was tested by telephone interviews among 1,500 automobile after-sales customers in three countries: France, Italy, and Spain. The results show that after-sales service satisfaction does not have a direct influence on brand loyalty; however, an indirect effect mediated by se...

  14. Antenna Arrays and Automotive Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Rabinovich, Victor

    2013-01-01

    This book throws a lifeline to designers wading through mounds of antenna array patents looking for the most suitable systems for their projects. Drastically reducing the research time required to locate solutions to the latest challenges in automotive communications, it sorts and systematizes material on cutting-edge antenna arrays that feature multi-element communication systems with enormous potential for the automotive industry. These new systems promise to make driving safer and more efficient, opening up myriad applications, including vehicle-to-vehicle traffic that prevents collisions, automatic toll collection, vehicle location and fine-tuning for cruise control systems. This book’s exhaustive coverage begins with currently deployed systems, frequency ranges and key parameters. It proceeds to examine system geometry, analog and digital beam steering technology (including "smart" beams formed in noisy environments), maximizing signal-to-noise ratios, miniaturization, and base station technology that ...

  15. AUTOMOTIVE MARKET- FROM A GENERAL TO A MARKET SEGMENTATION APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liviana Andreea Niminet

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Automotive market and its corresponding industry are undoubtedly of outmost importance and therefore proper market segmentation is crucial for market players, potential competitors and customers as well. Time has proved that market economic analysis often shown flaws in determining the relevant market, by using solely or mainly the geographic aspect and disregarding the importance of segments on the automotive market. For these reasons we propose a new approach of the automotive market proving the importance of proper market segmentation and defining the strategic groups within the automotive market.

  16. Automotive factory network renewal

    OpenAIRE

    Scicluna, Christopher

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this applied thesis was to plan, implement, and study the upgrading the network infrastructure in Valmet Automotive Oy, specifically in its Uusikaupunki factory. Valmet Automotive is a Finnish automotive service provider, focusing on premium vehicles, convertible roof systems and electric vehicles. The objective was to plan and implement a networking infrastructure that could support the load of a factory in full-scale production, while ensuring near-constant availability. T...

  17. Supplier–customer relationships: Weaknesses in south african automotive supply chains

    OpenAIRE

    M. J. Naude; J. A. Badenhorst-Weiss

    2012-01-01

    The South African automotive industry, which is an important sector in the South African economy, needs to function efficiently if it is to compete internationally. However, South African automotive components manufacturers (ACMs) are not internationally competitive and automotive assemblers, also known as original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), often import cheaper components from abroad. All parties in the South African automotive supply chains need each other to ensure optimal efficiency ...

  18. Kentucky's Automotive Certification Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kentucky State Dept. of Education, Frankfort. Office of Vocational Education.

    The state of Kentucky recognized a need to standardize automotive mechanics training throughout the state and to establish minimum guidelines for the quality of instruction in such programs. To meet these needs, the Office of Vocational Education selected the National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence (ASE) and began the certification…

  19. Automotive Technology Skill Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrett, Tom; Asay, Don; Evans, Richard; Barbie, Bill; Herdener, John; Teague, Todd; Allen, Scott; Benshoof, James

    2009-01-01

    The standards in this document are for Automotive Technology programs and are designed to clearly state what the student should know and be able to do upon completion of an advanced high-school automotive program. Minimally, the student will complete a three-year program to achieve all standards. Although these exit-level standards are designed…

  20. THE USE OF RECYCLED SOLID AUTOMOTIVE PAINT WASTES AS INGREDIENTS IN AUTOMOTIVE SEALANT PRODUCTS - PHASE II

    Science.gov (United States)

    About 75,000,000 lbs of paint sludge is generated by the U.S. automotive industry each year. This type of waste and (similar streams from other industries) make significant contributions to landfills. The solution proposed by ASTER, Inc., proven feasible during the Phase I of thi...

  1. THE USE OF RECYCLED SOLID AUTOMOTIVE PAINT WASTES AS INGREDIENTS IN AUTOMOTIVE SEALANT PRODUCTS - PHASE I

    Science.gov (United States)

    About 75,000,000 lbs. of paint sludge is generated by the U.S. automotive industry each year. This type of waste (and similar streams in other industries) make a significant contribution to landfills. A proposed solution is to recycle the paint sludge into compounding ingredients...

  2. Green competitiveness research on Chinese automotive enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuanhui Li

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: More and more executives of automobileindustry in China start to recognize the concept of green competitiveness recently. However, relatively less research attention has been devoted to the consideration of measurement. This paper aims to find empirical approach to quantify green competitiveness for automotive enterprises. The connotation of green competitiveness is explored and one suite of evaluation index system has been proposed with four dimensions including environmental, resource, capability and knowledge.Design/methodology/approach: By introducing the factor analysis method, green competitiveness has been measured through an empirical analysis of 24 automotive enterprises within China.Findings: The results indicate that those elements, such as enterprise resource possession and utilization; environment, responsibility and knowledge; profitability; management efficiency, have significant effect on the green competitiveness for automotive enterprises. The further analysis also unveils the advantages and disadvantages of green competitiveness for each company and the direction for improvement.Research limitations/implications: Guide regulators and managers of automobile industry to take some measures to enhance their green competitive advantage.Practical implications: Provide practical methods to measure green competitiveness for automotive enterprises.Originality/value: This paper proposes an evaluation index system of green competitiveness for automotive enterprises. The suggestions of our research will be beneficial to enterprise executives and industry regulators.

  3. Türkiye’de Otomotiv Ana ve Yan Sanayi ve Marmara Bölgesi’nde Kümelenme Automotive Main And Component Industries In Turkey And Clustering In The Marmara Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Okan YAŞAR

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The automotive industry in Turkey displays clustering on a geographic and sectoral basis in the Eastern Marmara Segment of the Marmara Region. Ten of the twelve automotive main industry enterprises located in the Marmara Region operate in the Eastern Marmara provinces. According to the General Census of Industry and Business Local Units 2002, 76.9% of 527 automotive component industry businesses, which employed 10+ workers, operated in the Eastern Marmara provinces. 86.5 % of employment in the main automotive industry of the Marmara Region is in the Eastern Marmara provinces. 65% of in the automotive component industry, in which about 200.000 people are employed in Turkey, are employed in the region. According to the aforementioned census data, while the automotive industry was ranked 1st in the Kocaeli and Sakarya provinces for employment in the manufacturing industry, it was ranked 2nd in the Bursa province. This data clearly puts forward a sector-oriented spatial concentration.When competitiveness analysis of the provinces in Turkey is conducted, four provinces out of the first ten situated in the aforementioned region can be shown among the reasons why the automotive sector exhibits clustering in the Marmara Region. 30% of Turkey’s population in 2012 resided in the Marmara Region, which has turned the region into a good market. It is a region where industry and commerce are the most intense, and where large-scale firms operate. The geographical location which the Marmara Region possesses enables the shortest transportation time to Europe and EU countries. The logistic infrastructure of the region, and R&D institutions and universities has technical infrastructures and programs that can meet the needs of the automotive industry. Türkiye’de otomotiv sanayi 1960’lı yıllarda “ithal ikamesi” politikası çerçevesinde kuruldu. 1970’li yıllarda aksam parça üretimine yönelik “yerlileştirme” ve “otomobil üretimi” s

  4. Automotive gear oil lubricant from soybean oil

    Science.gov (United States)

    The use of lubricants that are based on renewable materials is rapidly increasing. Vegetable oils have good lubricity, wear protection and low volatility which are desired properties for automotive gear lubricant applications. Soybean oil is used widely in the lubricant industry due to its properti...

  5. Automotive industry on the way of global network competence. Designing successfully efficient and flexible supply chains; Die Automobilindustrie auf dem Weg zur globalen Netzwerkkompetenz. Effiziente und flexible Supply Chains erfolgreich gestalten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia Sanz, Francisco J.; Semmler, Klaus [Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg (Germany); Walther, Johannes (eds.) [Institut fuer Produktionsmanagement (IPM), Hannover (Germany)

    2007-07-01

    Internet services and the technologies of the World Wide Web are used at power rail systems of automotive industry in some processes. Important applications are systems support, service and parametering of substation control- and protection equipment and the monitoring of logistics and mobility. The performance of the security claims of the asset management and the IT-Department are a condition for implementation these technologies. (orig./GL) [German] Ueberblick ueber die derzeit intensiv diskutierten Konzepte eines globalen Netzwerk- und Integrationsmanagements fuer Beschaffung und Logistik: Die kompetente Darstellung existierender Ansaetze und Methoden ermoeglicht Lesern die konkrete Umsetzung. Anhand von Best Practices renommierter Unternehmen aus der Automobilindustrie entwickeln die Autoren Vorschlaege zur Implementierung innovativer Methoden und Instrumente eines globalen Beschaffungs-, Logistik-, Supply Chain Managements und Supply-Netzwerkmanagements. Hierzu zaehlen u.a. Supply Chain Valuedriver Decomposition (SCVD), Kostenregressionsanalysen, wertorientiertes Beschaffungs- und SCM-Controlling, Value Sourcing (Wertschoepfungsmanagement), Shared Service Center sowie innovative Kooperationsmodelle. (orig.)

  6. Development and registration of safety-critical system. What can the automotive industry learn from the railway and aviation; Entwicklung und Zulassung von sicherheitskritischen Systemen. Was kann die Automobilbranche von Bahnen und Luftfahrt lernen?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hohlfeld, Bernhard [ICS AG, Ulm (Germany); Hipp, Udo; Linder, Paul [ICS AG, Stuttgart (Germany)

    2010-07-01

    Techniques for analysis, development, examination, and certification of safety critical systems have a long tradition in railways and aviation. These techniques are often defined by standards. A similar standard is being introduced in the automotive industry. Section 2 of this paper presents the standards mentioned and shows their similarities and differences. An essential requirements of the standards is the analysis of the technical system under consideration w.r.t. malfunctioning. Resulting endangerments have to be analysed also and appropriate countermeasures have to be identified. Section 3 deals with this topic. Section 4 of the paper illustrates the software development for safety critical systems. Special emphasis is on 'model-based development' and 'code generation' in the context of safety critical systems. (orig.)

  7. Randomized CFRTP tape piece laminates in structural automotive applications

    OpenAIRE

    Darvell, Magnus

    2015-01-01

    The automotive industry is facing big challenges in meeting the future environmental demands. To be able to meet these demands reduced vehicle weight is an important part. A thorough investigation was made to better get an idea of which demands the automotive industry makes in the question of lightweight materials and how far they have come in the matter. This thesis work has been performed on behalf of Oxeon AB to investigate the future for carbon fiber thermoplastics in big scale production...

  8. Cost and weight effective composite design of automotive body structures

    OpenAIRE

    Mårtensson, Per

    2014-01-01

    The automotive industry stands in front of a great challenge, to decrease its impact on the environment. One important part in succeeding with this is to decrease the structural weight of the body structure and by that the fuel consumption or the required battery power. Carbon fibre composites are by many seen as the only real option when traditional engineering materials are running out of potential for further weight reduction. However, the automotive industry lacks experience working with ...

  9. Global Production Sharing in the Australian Automotive Trade

    OpenAIRE

    Kishor Sharma

    2012-01-01

    This paper contributes to the literature on global production sharing by investigating the experience of the Australian automotive industry, which has experienced significant structural change following trade liberalisation. Our analysis indicates that the globalisation of the world economy, together with developments in transport and communication, has significantly increased the importance of the global production network in the Australian automotive industry, leading to a substantial rise ...

  10. Fatigue life of automotive rubber jounce bumper

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is evident that most rubber components in the automotive industry are subjected to repetitive loading. Vigorous research is needed towards improving the safety and reliability of the components. The study was done on an automotive rubber jounce bumper with a rubber hardness of 60 IRHD. The test was conducted in displacement-controlled environment under compressive load. The existing models by Kim, Harbour, Woo and Li were adopted to predict the fatigue life. The experimental results show strong similarities with the predicted models.

  11. Fatigue life of automotive rubber jounce bumper

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sidhu, R S [Automotive Engineering Unit, Institute of Advanced Technology, University Putra Malaysia, 43400, UPM Serdang, Selangor (Malaysia); Ali, Aidy, E-mail: aidy@eng.upm.edu.my [Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang Selangor (Malaysia)

    2010-05-15

    It is evident that most rubber components in the automotive industry are subjected to repetitive loading. Vigorous research is needed towards improving the safety and reliability of the components. The study was done on an automotive rubber jounce bumper with a rubber hardness of 60 IRHD. The test was conducted in displacement-controlled environment under compressive load. The existing models by Kim, Harbour, Woo and Li were adopted to predict the fatigue life. The experimental results show strong similarities with the predicted models.

  12. Innovation and Entrepreneurship in the Automotive Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2011-01-01

    The global automotive business is one of the most competitive environment you can imagine. As an independent inventor or as a small development company it is very challenging to be successful in implementing new ideas and components. In this mature and somewhat conservative technical environment...... address you will have a much better access the decision making process and get enough interest for a potential business deal. After 20 years as a supplier of engineering services to the automotive industry and 10 years as head of Global R&D at Scania CV AB, I have experienced pros and cons both from a...

  13. The charge of ergonomics--a model according to the influence of ergonomic workplace design for economical and efficient indicators of the automotive industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neubert, Nicole; Bruder, Ralph; Toledo, Begoña

    2012-01-01

    The importance of ergonomic workplace design has been rising incredibly. The knowledge of the interaction with a view to many indicators (e.g. operators' health, quality, productivity etc.) in the automotive assembly shop pushed into another thinking of ergonomics and an increasing awareness of economic possibilities relating to benefits and cost savings aligned with ergonomics. The paper discusses exemplary the various indicators and factors which could be influenced by ergonomic workplace design. These factors are linked each other and support the statement of ergonomic efficiency. Thus, the aim of this paper is to present a model which describes that investments in ergonomic work placement acts with preventive measurements, minimization of losses (refinishing operations, compensation money etc.) and extensive economies on the whole company. PMID:22317394

  14. Visual configuration in automotive software product lines

    OpenAIRE

    Botterweck, Goetz; Thiel, Steffen; Crawley, Ciar??n; Nestor, Daren; PreuBner, Andr??

    2008-01-01

    peer-reviewed Software Product Line engineering has emerged as a viable and important software development paradigm in the automotive industry. It allows companies to realise significant improvements in time-to-market, cost, productivity, and system quality. One major difficulty with software product line engineering is related to the fact that a product line of industrial size can easily incorporate thousands of variation points. This scale of variability can become extremely com...

  15. Computational design of an automotive twist beam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benki Aalae

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, the automotive industry has known a remarkable development in order to satisfy the customer requirements. In this paper, we will study one of the components of the automotive which is the twist beam. The study is focused on the multicriteria design of the automotive twist beam undergoing linear elastic deformation (Hooke׳s law. Indeed, for the design of this automotive part, there are some criteria to be considered as the rigidity (stiffness and the resistance to fatigue. Those two criteria are known to be conflicting, therefore, our aim is to identify the Pareto front of this problem. To do this, we used a Normal Boundary Intersection (NBI algorithm coupling with a radial basis function (RBF metamodel in order to reduce the high calculation time needed for solving the multicriteria design problem. Otherwise, we used the free form deformation (FFD technique for the generation of the 3D shapes of the automotive part studied during the optimization process.

  16. National Automotive Center - NAC

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — Encouraged by the advantages of collaboration, the U.S. Army Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center (TARDEC) worked with the Secretary of the...

  17. Model Mix Planning and Assembly Sequencing with SAP : APO Automotive Module

    OpenAIRE

    Nega, Tibebu Berhanu

    2011-01-01

    Effectively applying model mix and assembly sequencing can result in smooth part usage and balanced workloads on the automotive assembly line. I have studied the problem of production planning in automotive industry in terms of scheduling various models on an assembly line using SAP APO over a time horizon. The trends in automotive industry are moving from built to stock to built to order since more customers are demanding cars specific to their requirements. This shift of interest creates a ...

  18. 基于工业机器人的汽车齿轮轴磨削自动化系统设计%Design of Grinding Automatic System for Automotive Gear Shaft Based on Industrial Robot

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡孔元; 朱华炳; 张希杰; 曹斌

    2014-01-01

    根据汽车齿轮轴磨削的工艺流程及自动化控制要求,提出了基于工业机器人的汽车齿轮轴磨削自动化系统方案。设计了3手爪组合式机器人末端执行器、送料机和转料台,对数控磨床加工齿轮轴的装夹方法进行了改进。构建了以S7-1200 PLC为主控制器的汽车齿轮轴磨削自动化控制系统。采用Modbus/TCP协议实现了PLC与机器人的通信,通过I/O端口实现了PLC与磨床的通信。使用VAL3语言编写了机器人程序,利用TIA博途V11软件设计了PLC与触摸屏的组态和系统监控界面。该系统较少了工人数量,降低了对工人操作技术的要求,改善了工人的劳动强度,提高了生产效率。%According to the processes and automatic control requirements of automotive gear shaft grinding production , this paper proposed a grinding automatic system for automotive gear shaft based on industrial ro-bot. Designed a type of robot’s end-effector combined with three grippers, a feeding machine and a transfer station. Improved the fixture method of CNC grinder processing gear shaft. Constructed a automotive gear shaft grinding automatic control system, in which S7-1200 PLC was used as the master controller. Realized the communication between PLC and robot controller by using Modbus/TCP protocol, and the communica-tion between PLC and CNC grinder through the I/O port. Developed the robot program by using VAL3. Designed the hardware configuration between PLC and HMI and the control Interface by using TIA portal V11 software. This system reduces the workers and the requirements for operating skills of workers, decrea-ses the labor intensity and increases production efficiency.

  19. 8th DFO Automotive conference - European automotive coating

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    The present CD-ROM of the DFO Conference ''European Automotive Coating'' held on the 14th and 15th May 2001 in Dresden, Germany, contents the following contributions: Contents (1) Plenary Lecture-Car Body Painting in the Digital Factory (2) Off-line painting of a smc Oe tailgate in topcoat colour; (3) Twincure UV - New Concepts for the Surface Treatment of Glass-Fiber-Reinforced; Plastics; (4) New Concepts for Exterior Coating - ''Funktionsschicht 3'' First Experiences and the ''Ludwigsfelde Concept''; (5) Application techniques in the light of new automation concepts in automotive painting; (6) Automatic Management System for Car Body Pretreatment; (7) Surface Inspection on Bodies in White in Automotive Industry; (8) Online Measurement and Control of E-coat Bath Parameters in a Car Body Paint Shop - Development until Maturity for Manufacturing - Practical Experiences; (9) Automated Process Diagnosis; (10) Wavescan DOI Oe Challenge or Data Overkill; (11) Robot Aided Online Metrology for Quality Assurance and Process Control of Coated Surfaces; (12) Physical Simulation of Film Thickness Distribution and Transfer Efficiency in the Electrostatically Supported Painting process; (13) Offline Simulation of the Coating Process with High-Speed Bell and Pneumatic Atomizers; (14) Top coat simulation - First applications and results; (15) Virtual color design. (AKF) (orig.) [German] Die vorliegende zweisprachige (Deutsch/Englisch) CD-ROM der DFO-Tagung ''European Automotive Coating'' vom 14. und 15. Mai 2001 beinhaltet die folgenden Beitraegen: Inhaltsverzeichnis (1) Leitvortrag ''Die Automobillackierung in der digitalen Fabrik''; (2) Off-line Lackierung von SMC-Heckklappen in Decklackfarbe; (3) Hybrid UV-Haertung - Neue Konzepte zur Oberflaechenveredelung von glasfaserverstaerkten Duroplasten; (4) Neue Konzepte fuer die Aussenhautlackierung - Fukntionsschicht 3 - Erste

  20. Conference on Future Automotive Technology Focus Electro Mobility

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    The increasing trend towards electric cars leads to several challenges for the automobile industry, research institutes and politics as well as for the society. Research and serial development move closer together to meet automotive standards with new components such as traction batteries integrated into hybrid and electrical drivetrains. Furthermore, the influence of e-mobility on the daily mobility behavior, the effects on the automotive supply chain and the impact on industrial production have to be taken into account. According to these complex aspects it is crucial to not only acquire specific knowledge in the particular fields but also to consider their functional interaction. Therefore, it seems essential to merge competence from science, economy and politics. This year, the annual „Conference on Future Automotive Technology“ as the follow-up of the „2. Automobiltechnisches Kolloquium München” focuses on the economical realization of widespread automotive electro mobility. Contents - Energy St...

  1. Building Real Modularity Competence in Automotive Design, Development, Production, and After-service

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sanchez, Ron

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, modular approaches to design and production have been discussed and implemented in various ways in the automotive industry. However, this paper draws on the author's extensive work with firms in the automotive and other industries to suggest that there is still relatively limited...... understanding of what modular strategies really mean and of what effective implementation of modularity strategies would entail in the automotive industry ' with the result that at least some automotive firms that claim to be using modular strategies are in fact doing so in name only. This paper then proposes...... the essential principles on which effective implementation of modular strategies depends in any industry. We illustrate these principles with examples of both effective and faulty modularity practice from the automotive and other industries. We then propose a modularity maturity model for assessing...

  2. Automotive Battery Modelling and Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. M. Hammad

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The estimation of vehicle battery performance is typically addressed by testing the battery under specific operation conditions by using a model to represent the test results. Approaches for representing test results range from simple statistical models to neural networks to complex, physics-based models. Basing the model on test data could be problematical when testing becomes impractical with many years life time tests. So, real time estimation of battery performance, an important problem in automotive applications, falls into this area. In vehicles it is important to know the state of charge of the batteries in order to prevent vehicle stranding and to ensure that the full range of the vehicle operation is exploited. In this paper, several battery models have studied including analytical, electrical circuits, stochastic and electro- chemical models. Valve Regulated Lead Acid “VRLA” battery has been modelled using electric circuit technique. This model is considered in the proposed Battery Monitoring System “BMS”. The proposed BMS includes data acquisition, data analysis and prediction of battery performance under a hypothetical future loads. Based on these criteria, a microprocessor based BMS prototype had been built and tested in automotive Lab,. The tests show promising results that can be used in industrial applications

  3. Automotive stamped part fatigue design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caudoux Mélanie

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Fatigue design of automotive axle parts is of prior concern because of these are high safety parts and they are expected to drive the overall vehicle mass reduction. In this framework, the stamping process is widely used to form axle parts, before assembling them by welding. Consequently, the mechanical and physical characteristics of the blank sheet are modified, having a strong influence on the fatigue behavior. In this paper, we address the consequences of the stamped process on the fatigue design and how they may be effectively taken into account in the automotive industry. Actually, the coupling between the stamping process and the fatigue design is under development at PSA Peugeot Citroën Company since several years. Such an analysis deals with some major topics: thickness variation, plastic hardening and deformation, and residual stress. All of these ingredients result in fatigue criteria evolutions: it is important to stress that the stamping process can have advantageous or disadvantageous consequences on the fatigue design. This is here highlighted on some examples, dealing with front and rear axles.

  4. Six Sigma process improvements in automotive parts production

    OpenAIRE

    Soković, M.; D. Pavletić; E. Krulčić

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: of this paper: In the paper is presented a Six Sigma project, undertaken within company for production automotive parts, which deals with identification and reduction of production cost in the deburring process for gravity die-castings and improvement of quality level of produced parts.Design/methodology/approach: The objectives are achieved by application of Six Sigma approach to quality improvement project in automotive industry. The applied Six Sigma approach includes team works t...

  5. New trends for pyrotechnic automotive safety in the European union

    OpenAIRE

    Aufauvre, Lionel

    2006-01-01

    In the European Union (EU) pyrotechnic articles are subjected to comply with national regulations in addition to a series of EU Directives. In order to harmonize regulations in the EU, the placing on the market of pyrotechnic articles is going to fall under the scope of a new European Directive. Among these articles, one finds pyrotechnic components of automotive safety equipment such as gas generators or igniters. In the very fast growing market of automotive safety industry, regulations mig...

  6. Estimating the Technical Improvement of Energy Efficiency in the Automotive Industry—Stochastic and Deterministic Frontier Benchmarking Approaches

    OpenAIRE

    Seog-Chan Oh; Alfred J. Hildreth

    2014-01-01

    The car manufacturing industry, one of the largest energy consuming industries, has been making a considerable effort to improve its energy intensity by implementing energy efficiency programs, in many cases supported by government research or financial programs. While many car manufacturers claim that they have made substantial progress in energy efficiency improvement over the past years through their energy efficiency programs, the objective measurement of energy efficiency improvement has...

  7. TENDENCIES IN AUTOMOTIVE TRANSPORT DEVELOPMENT

    OpenAIRE

    U. D. Antushenay; T. R. Kisel

    2008-01-01

    The paper contains an analysis of export of transport services provided by the Republic automotive transport. Structure of expenses associated with operation of automotive transport facilities is presented in the paper. The paper cites directions pertaining to development of international automotive transportation.

  8. Identification for automotive systems

    CERN Document Server

    Hjalmarsson, Håkan; Re, Luigi

    2012-01-01

    Increasing complexity and performance and reliability expectations make modeling of automotive system both more difficult and more urgent. Automotive control has slowly evolved from an add-on to classical engine and vehicle design to a key technology to enforce consumption, pollution and safety limits. Modeling, however, is still mainly based on classical methods, even though much progress has been done in the identification community to speed it up and improve it. This book, the product of a workshop of representatives of different communities, offers an insight on how to close the gap and exploit this progress for the next generations of vehicles.

  9. Tribocharging behaviour of automotive powder coatings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Aline; Saleh, Khashayar; Guigon, Pierre; Czechowski, Claire

    2008-12-01

    The aim of this work was to build a device allowing the measurement of tribocharging during the fluidization and pneumatic transport of automotive powder coatings. The experimental setup included a fluidization unit, a transport pipe and two 'Faraday cups' allowing continuous monitoring of particle charge. Two batches of industrial automotive powder primers, as well as several other types of powders were tested: alumina, silica... The experimental variables were the length of the conveying pipe and the air flow rate. The results showed that the net amount of acquired tribocharge increases with the length of conveying pipe. The experimental device and procedure allowed to well classify tested powders according to their rate of tribocharging and their maximum charge. More specially, this study pointed out a net difference between electrostatic properties of two powder primers, which behave very differently in the industrial application unit.

  10. TECHNOLOGICAL MEASURES TO IMPROVE AUTOMOTIVE PRODUCT QUALITY

    OpenAIRE

    Gladkov, V.; Kruglov, S.

    2010-01-01

    The paper examines the basic technological measures aimed at improving product quality in automotive industry. While paying due attention to solving organizational and technological problems, including the development of certification systems for production processes, it is also necessary to improve the technical standards of specific technologies, equipment and materials as they largely determine product quality. Special emphasis is given to the importance of improving the production of auto...

  11. Aero and vibroacoustics of automotive turbochargers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nguyen-Schaefer, Hung [Bosch Mahle Turbo Systems GmbH, Stuttgart (Germany)

    2013-02-01

    First book about the aeroacoustics of automotive turbochargers. Author of the book ''Rotordynamics of Automotive Turbochargers'', Springer, 2012. Written by an R and D expert in the turbocharger industry. Aero and Vibroacoustics of Automotive Turbochargers is a topic involving aspects from the working fields of thermodynamics of turbomachinery, aerodynamics, rotordynamics, and noise propagation computation. In this broadly interdisciplinary subject, thermodynamics of turbomachinery is used to design the turbocharger and to determine its operating conditions. Aerodynamics is needed to study the compressor flow dynamics and flow instabilities of rotating stall and surge, which can produce growling and whining-type noises. Rotordynamics is necessary to study rotor unbalance and self-excited oil-whirl instabilities, which lead to whistling and constant tone-type noises in rotating floating oil-film type bearings. For the special case of turbochargers using ball bearings, some high-order harmonic and wear noises also manifest in the rotor operating range. Lastly, noise propagation computation, based on Lighthill's analogy, is required to investigate airborne noises produced by turbochargers in passenger vehicles. The content of this book is intended for advanced undergraduates, graduates in mechanical engineering, research scientists and practicing engineers who want to better understand the interactions between these working fields and the resulting impact on the interesting topic of Aero and Vibroacoustics of Automotive Turbochargers.

  12. Techno-economic requirements for automotive composites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, Scot

    1993-01-01

    New technology generally serves two main goals of the automotive industry: one is to enable vehicles to comply with various governmental regulations and the other is to provide a competitive edge in the market. The latter goal can either be served through improved manufacturing and design capabilities, such as computer aided design and computer aided manufacturing, or through improved product performance, such as anti-lock braking (ABS). Although safety features are sometimes customer driven, such as the increasing use of airbags and ABS, most are determined by regulations as outlined by the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS). Other standards, set by the Environmental Protection Agency, determine acceptable levels of emissions and fuel consumption. State governments, such as in California, are also setting precedent standards, such as requiring manufacturers to offer zero-emission vehicles as a certain fraction of their sales in the state. The drive to apply new materials in the automobile stems from the need to reduce weight and improve fuel efficiency. Topics discussed include: new lightweight materials; types of automotive materials; automotive composite applications; the role for composite materials in automotive applications; advantages and disadvantages of composite materials; material substitution economics; economic perspective; production economics; and composite materials production economics.

  13. Bringing Excellence to Automotive

    Science.gov (United States)

    Večeřa, Pavel; Paulová, Iveta

    2012-12-01

    Market situation and development in recent years shows, that organization's ability to meet customer requirements is not enough. Successful organizations are able to exceed the expectations of all stakeholders. They are building their excellence systematically. Our contribution basically how the excellence in automotive is created using EFQM Excellence Model in Total Quality Management.

  14. Automotive Emission Control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Billy D.; Ragazzi, Ronald

    This guide designed to assist teachers in improving instruction in the area of automotive emission control curriculum includes four areas. Each area consists of one or more units of instruction, with each instructional unit including some or all of the following basic components: Performance objectives, suggested activities for teacher and…

  15. Automotive Power Trains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marine Corps Inst., Washington, DC.

    This correspondence course, originally developed for the Marine Corps, is designed to provide mechanics with an understanding of the operation, maintenance, and troubleshooting of automotive power trains and certain auxiliary equipment. The course contains six study units covering basic power trains; clutch principles and operations; conventional…

  16. Seleção de projetos Seis Sigma: aplicação em uma indústria do setor automobilístico Six Sigma project selection: an application in an automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Machado Fernandes

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available O Seis Sigma vem ganhando, cada vez mais, espaço nas empresas como uma metodologia bastante eficaz à solução de problemas estruturais através da diminuição da variação de processos e fornecimento de produtos e serviços dentro das necessidades dos clientes. A principal forma com que se busca atingir tal objetivo é através do desenvolvimento de projetos de melhorias. Sendo assim, um tema bastante importante a ser discutido é o processo de seleção de tais projetos, que serão gerenciados através desta metodologia. Neste artigo é apresentada uma análise em uma indústria do setor automobilístico, quanto ao seu processo de seleção de projetos Seis Sigma. Deste trabalho foi possível constatar influência positiva do referido processo no desenvolvimento dos projetos, por exemplo, quanto ao tempo médio de desenvolvimento e ganhos financeiros obtidos, o que vem de encontro ao que a literatura tem sinalizado.Six Sigma Methodology has been growing, each day, in the industrial environment as a very efficient tool to solve structural problems through the reduction of process variation and through the supply of service and product in compliance with customer requirements. The main way to achieve this goal is through improvement projects. This way, a very important topic to be discussed is the selection of those projects that will be managed by this methodology. This article presents an application in an automotive industry, regarding its process of Six Sigma project selection. From this study it was possible to prove the existence of a positive influence in the referred process, in project development, for example, regarding the average development time and financial improvements, as the literature reviewed here has shown.

  17. Analysis of Cross-border Mergers and Acquisitions Activities in Emerging Markets: Case Studies based on Automotive Industry of Geely and Tata Motors

    OpenAIRE

    Shen, Yiran

    2015-01-01

    Since the last several decades, an increasing number of firms from emerging markets have joined the trend of cross-border M&As through the buying up of a high equity brand in the west, with China and India being among the most active participants. The cases from emerging market automakers are particularly looked into for providing a new insight to the previous research which seems to be irrelevant of industry groups. This research examines and explores three questions: firstly, the proactive ...

  18. 78 FR 14546 - Seagull Maritime Agencies Private Ltd. v. Gren Automotive, Inc., Centrus Automotive Distributors...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-06

    ... Seagull Maritime Agencies Private Ltd. v. Gren Automotive, Inc., Centrus Automotive Distributors Inc., and... Limited (``SMA''), hereinafter ``Complainant,'' against Gren Automotive, Inc. (``Gren''), Centrus Automotive Distributors Inc. (``Centrus'') and Mr. Liu Shao hereinafter ``Respondents.'' Complainant...

  19. 78 FR 58518 - Notification of Proposed Production Activity; Benteler Automotive Corporation (Automotive...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-24

    ... Foreign-Trade Zones Board Notification of Proposed Production Activity; Benteler Automotive Corporation (Automotive Suspension and Body Components); Duncan, South Carolina Benteler Automotive Corporation (Benteler... produce automotive suspension components and subassemblies using certain foreign-status components....

  20. Características estruturais, relacionais e gerenciais na cadeia de suprimentos de um condomínio industrial na indústria automobilística Structural, relational and managerial characteristics in supply chain of a condominium in the automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sílvio Roberto Ignácio Pires

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Nas últimas décadas, a contribuição da indústria automobilística tem sido muito representativa em termos de inovações na gestão da cadeia de suprimentos, tais como aquelas contempladas nos modelos de consórcio modular e de condomínio industrial. Este artigo apresenta os resultados de uma pesquisa envolvendo diferentes configurações na estrutura de relacionamento entre uma montadora de automóveis e alguns de seus fornecedores, em uma cadeia de suprimentos da indústria automobilística que utiliza o modelo de condomínio industrial. O propósito principal foi verificar, empiricamente, algumas das implicações que a configuração da cadeia de suprimentos exerce sobre elementos importantes na sua gestão, tais como: tipos de relacionamentos, processos logísticos, planejamento de produtos, gestão da produção e medição de desempenho. Os resultados corroboram que a configuração da cadeia é fator determinante na forma como se conduz o relacionamento da montadora com seus fornecedores, influenciando, significativamente, os elementos considerados na análise.In the last decades the contribution of the automotive industry has been very representative in terms of innovations in supply chain management, such as those of the modular consortium and industrial condominium models. In this context, this article presents the findings of a research involving distinct configurations in the relationship structure of an automaker and some of its suppliers in an automotive industry supply chain which uses the industrial condominium model. The main objective was to empirically ascertain some of the implications of the supply chain configuration in important elements of its management, such as the types of relationships, logistic processes, product planning, production management, and performance assessment. The findings confirm that the supply chain configuration is a determining factor in how the automaker's relationship with its suppliers is

  1. Rotordynamics of automotive turbochargers

    CERN Document Server

    Nguyen-Schäfer, Hung

    2015-01-01

    Rotordynamics of automotive turbochargers is dealt with in this book encompassing the widely working field of small turbomachines under real operating conditions at the very high rotor speeds up to 300000 rpm. The broadly interdisciplinary field of turbocharger rotordynamics involves 1) Thermodynamics and Turbo-Matching of Turbochargers 2) Dynamics of Turbomachinery 3) Stability Analysis of Linear Rotordynamics with the Eigenvalue Theory 4) Stability Analysis of Nonlinear Rotordynamics with the Bifurcation Theory 5) Bearing Dynamics of the Oil Film using the Two-Phase Reynolds Equation 6) Computation of Nonlinear Responses of a Turbocharger Rotor 7) Aero and Vibroacoustics of Turbochargers 8) Shop and Trim Balancing at Two Planes of the Rotor 9) Tribology of the Bearing Surface Roughness 10) Design of Turbocharger Platforms using the Similarity Laws The rotor response of an automotive turbocharger at high rotor speeds is studied analytically, computationally, and experimentally. Due to the nonlinear character...

  2. FISITA 2012 World Automotive Congress

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    Proceedings of the FISITA 2012 World Automotive Congress are selected from nearly 2,000 papers submitted to the 34th FISITA World Automotive Congress, which is held by Society of Automotive Engineers of China (SAE-China ) and the International Federation of Automotive Engineering Societies (FISITA). This proceedings focus on solutions for sustainable mobility in all areas of passenger car, truck and bus transportation. Volume 8: Vehicle Design and Testing (II) focuses on: •Automotive Reliability Technology •Lightweight Design Technology •Design for Recycling •Dynamic Modeling •Simulation and Experimental Validation •Virtual Design, Testing and Validation •Testing of Components, Systems and Full Vehicle Above all researchers, professional engineers and graduates in fields of automotive engineering, mechanical engineering and electronic engineering will benefit from this book.   SAE-China is a national academic organization composed of enterprises and professionals who focus on research, design a...

  3. Status and Prospects of the Global Automotive Fuel Cell Industry and Plans for Deployment of Fuel Cell Vehicles and Hydrogen Refueling Infrastructure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Greene, David L [ORNL; Duleep, Gopal [HD Systems

    2013-06-01

    Automobile manufacturers leading the development of mass-market fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) were interviewed in Japan, Korea, Germany and the United States. There is general agreement that the performance of FCVs with respect to durability, cold start, packaging, acceleration, refueling time and range has progressed to the point where vehicles that could be brought to market in 2015 will satisfy customer expectations. However, cost and the lack of refueling infrastructure remain significant barriers. Costs have been dramatically reduced over the past decade, yet are still about twice what appears to be needed for sustainable market success. While all four countries have plans for the early deployment of hydrogen refueling infrastructure, the roles of government, industry and the public in creating a viable hydrogen refueling infrastructure remain unresolved. The existence of an adequate refueling infrastructure and supporting government policies are likely to be the critical factors that determine when and where hydrogen FCVs are brought to market.

  4. Hydrogen as automotive fuel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An assessment of the technical/economic feasibility of the use of hydrogen as an automotive fuel is made based on analyses of the following: the chemical- physical properties of hydrogen in relation to its use in internal combustion engines; the modifications necessary to adapt internal combustion engines to hydrogen use; hydrogen fuel injection systems - with water vapour injection, cryogenic injection, and the low or high pressure injection of hydrogen directly into the combustion chamber; the current commercialization status of hydrogen automotive fuels; energy efficiency ratings; environmental impacts; in-vehicle storage systems - involving the use of hydrides, high pressure systems and liquid hydrogen storage systems; performance in terms of pay-load ratio; autonomous operation; and operating costs. The paper concludes that, considering current costs for hydrogen fuel production, distribution and use, at present, the employment of hydrogen fuelled vehicles is feasible only in highly polluted urban environments where the innovative vehicle's air pollution abatement characteristics would justify its high operating costs as compared with those of conventional automotive alternatives

  5. Transnationals, Globalisation and Education and Training: Evidence from the South African Automotive Sector

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGrath, Simon

    2007-01-01

    This study explores the relationships between globalisation and education and training through an examination of certain transnational corporations operating in the automotive sector in South Africa. The automotive industry is an important source of improvements in both the quality and quantity of skills in South Africa. This sector was the…

  6. Non-Destructive Thermography Analysis of Impact Damage on Large-Scale CFRP Automotive Parts

    OpenAIRE

    Alexander Maier; Roland Schmidt; Beate Oswald-Tranta; Ralf Schledjewski

    2014-01-01

    Laminated composites are increasingly used in aeronautics and the wind energy industry, as well as in the automotive industry. In these applications, the construction and processing need to fulfill the highest requirements regarding weight and mechanical properties. Environmental issues, like fuel consumption and CO2-footprint, set new challenges in producing lightweight parts that meet the highly monitored standards for these branches. In the automotive industry, one main aspect of construct...

  7. Impact of IoT Enabled Service Solutions in the Downstream Automotive Supply Chain

    OpenAIRE

    Aikaterini, Micheli

    2014-01-01

    The automotive industry has been an integral element of global economy for many decades and has withstood economic downturns by being able to shift their processes along with market needs. With the addition of new innovations in the field of ICT, the automotive industry has addressed the need to restructure to stay afront of customers‘ expectation. Internet of Things and Big Data have advanced to where connected solutions are possible to provide value opportunities in many industries includin...

  8. Determination of input data for numerical design of sheet steels - report on a common research project of the steel and automotive industry; Ermittlung von Berechnungskennwerten an Karosseriewerkstoffen - Bericht ueber ein gemeinschaftsprojekt der Stahl- und Automobilindustrie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bleck, W.; Frehn, A. [Institut fuer Eisenhuettenkunde, RWTH Aachen (Germany); Engl, B. [ThyssenKrupp Stahl AG, Dortmund (Germany); Nicklas, D. [Saint-Gobain Sekurit Deutschland GmbH and Co KG, Aachen (Germany); Steinbeck, G. [Stahlinstitut VDEh, Duesseldorf (Germany)

    2004-08-01

    Within the scope of a common research project of the steel and automotive industry, 20 sheet steels have been investigated to obtain input data for FE-analysis. In detail, elastic, plastic and fatique characteristical values were determined by several testing institutes for a period of 3 years. The investigated sheet steels differ with regard to the microstructure and the steel concept. Beside several ferritic steels, multiphase steels like dual phase-, complex phase- and TRIP steels as well as 2 austenitic stainless steels were characterised. The starting materials and selected steels with a defined predeformation and heat treatment were investigated. Within this project, the partners developed a testing and documentation precept in which the ways and means were fixed to reach the defined steel condition and to enable a standardised testing and data output for the material database, realised by the automotive industry. Before the actual elastic, plastic and fatique testing, a reception test for all steels was carried out to characterise the materials with regard to the microstructure, surface condition, chemical composition and mechanical properties, obtained in the quasistatic tensile test. The results of the different testing institutes (elastic, plastic and fatique) will be presented in separate publications in detail. As a result of this project it became obvious that the investigated steels can be divided into steel groups which show a similar strain hardening behaviour. Thus, a prediction of mechanical values and flow curves for cognate steels within one steel group seems to be possible. This subject will be the focus of further investigations within the scope of a new project started on January 1{sup st}, 2003. (Abstract Copyright [2004], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.) [German] Im Rahmen eines gemeinschaftlichen Projektes der Stahl- und Automobilindustrie wurden an insgesamt 20 Staehlen fuer Feinblech Kennwerte fuer die FEM-Simulation ermittelt. Im Einzelnen

  9. Comparação entre as tendências e estratégias da indústria automotiva no Brasil e na Europa Trends and strategies in the automotive industry: a comparative study of Brazilian and European markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Felipe Scavarda

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available A indústria automotiva está passando por transformações que vêm provocando a diversificação e segmentação do mercado, a redução do ciclo de vida de modelos de veículos e a oferta de variedades de atributos desses modelos para os clientes. Este artigo tem por objetivos analisar essas tendências e avaliar as principais estratégias desenvolvidas e implementadas pelas montadoras de veículos nos mercados brasileiro e europeu, para fazer face a estas tendências. Os resultados obtidos no Brasil pelos autores deste artigo foram analisados tendo como base a metodologia científica adotada em uma pesquisa similar desenvolvida na Europa. Os resultados mostram como as estratégias de plataformas, de configuração tardia e de pacotes de opcionais estão sendo implementadas pelas montadoras, permitindo uma comparação entre os dois mercados examinados.The automotive industry is undergoing transformations that have led to the segmentation and diversification of its market, reductions in the life cycle of vehicle models, and the offer of a variety of features of these models to consumers. Within this context, this paper analyzes these trends and evaluates the key strategies developed and implemented by Brazilian and European automakers in face of these trends. Our findings, which are analyzed using the same methodology adopted in a similar survey conducted in Europe, indicate how platform, late configuration and option bundling strategies have been implemented by automakers, allowing for a comparison of the two markets in question.

  10. DEA-Based Performance Evaluation of the Automotive Industry Inventory%基于数据包络分析的汽车行业库存绩效评价研究--以某汽车公司为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵宝福; 李晓炜

    2014-01-01

    The article using the method of DEA model,combined with Beijing Benz Auto Co.,Ltd inventory data of auto parts and accessories to evaluate the performance of the inventory control.Research proves that inventory management of the enterprise with high input and low output phenomenon obviously and inventory control efficiency level is lower.So the enterprise should reduce safety stock holdings,decrease storage costs,Inventory turnover rate of funds.Large-scale production enterprises, Such as the automotive industry,,should be to create a new inventory management-Virtual joint inventory management,to improve the efficiency of enterprise inventory control.%文中利用DEA模型方法,结合某汽车公司汽车零部件库存数据对企业的库存控制绩效进行评价研究。研究证明,某汽车公司库存管理中高投入低产出现象较明显,库存控制效率水平较低。企业应该减少安全库存持有量,降低仓储成本,提高库存资金周转率。对于汽车行业这种大型生产企业来,应该创立新的库存管理方式---虚拟联合库存管理,提高企业库存控制效率。

  11. Understanding the evolution of eco-innovative activity in the automotive sector: a patent based analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faria, Lourenco; Andersen, Maj Munch

    The paper aims to analyze the evolution of eco-innovative activity and strategies in the automotive sector over time. We suggest to use a patent count methodology tracking the development of selected technologies considered as promising ?green technologies? in the automotive sector. The paper...... contributes to an understanding of the industrial dynamics of the greening of industry and the economy , a theme little analyzed despite the huge and rapidly increasing literature on sustainable development and innovation. Our findings show that all the major firms in the automotive industry are diversifying...

  12. Managing ergonomics in the development of rotation between workstations in the automotive industry. A balance between health and traceability of tasks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filus, Rodrigo; Partel, Luciana

    2012-01-01

    Abstract When the subject rotation between workstations (job rotation) is inside the organizations it's seemed that technically there are lots of restrictions to the development of an adequate system of rotation. We went from the need for an advanced ergonomic study and even possible restrictions of versatility and training of employees. The implementation of the ideal system of rotation passes through stages of development and research ergonomic study of the level of employee versatility, awareness and discussion with employees, implementation of the proposed system, feedback and audits for maintenance of the ideal sequence and time of rotation. For the success of the project there is a need for multidisciplinary involvement in the areas of manufacturing engineering, industrial engineering, human resources, medical services and manufacturing. Rotation between the tasks may mean that a worker should conduct two or more different activities in different parts of the day (ie. change between activity A and activity B "between 1 hours and 2 hours interval). An important consideration is to ensure that different activities do not present the same ergonomic risk for the same body part. The tracing of the execution of the activity is an important factor for production processes. Thus it is possible to conduct appropriate levels of training for employees and ensure safe and sustainable processes in terms of workers' health, productivity and quality. PMID:22317396

  13. Automotive Stirling Engine Development Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ernst, William D.; Shaltens, Richard K.

    1997-01-01

    The development and verification of automotive Stirling engine (ASE) component and system technology is described as it evolved through two experimental engine designs: the Mod 1 and the Mod 2. Engine operation and performance and endurance test results for the Mod 1 are summarized. Mod 2 engine and component development progress is traced from the original design through hardware development, laboratory test, and vehicle installation. More than 21,000 hr of testing were accomplished, including 4800 hr with vehicles that were driven more dm 59,000 miles. Mod 2 engine dynamometer tests demonstrated that the engine system configuration had accomplished its performance goals for power (60 kW) and efficiency (38.5%) to within a few percent. Tests with the Mod 2 engine installed in a delivery van demonstrated combined metro-highway fuel economy improvements consistent with engine performance goals and the potential for low emission levels. A modified version of the Mod 2 has been identified as a manufacturable design for an ASE. As part of the ASE project, the Industry Test and Evaluation Program (ITEP), NASA Technology Utilization (TU) project, and the industry-funded Stirling Natural Gas Engine program were undertaken to transfer ASE technology to end users. The results of these technology transfer efforts are also summarized.

  14. Automotive mechatronics automotive networking, driving stability systems, electronics

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    As the complexity of automotive vehicles increases this book presents operational and practical issues of automotive mechatronics. It is a comprehensive introduction to controlled automotive systems and provides detailed information of sensors for travel, angle, engine speed, vehicle speed, acceleration, pressure, temperature, flow, gas concentration etc. The measurement principles of the different sensor groups are explained and examples to show the measurement principles applied in different types. Contents Basics of mechatronics.- Architecture.- Electronic control unit.- Software development.- Basic principles of networking.- Automotive networking.- Bus systems.- Automotive sensors.- Sensor measuring principles.- Sensor types.- Electric actuators.- Electrohydraulic actuators.- Electronic transmission control.- Electronic transmission control unit.- Modules for transmission control.- Antilock braking system.- Traction control system.- Electronic stability program.- Automatic brake functions.- Hydraulic modu...

  15. GATE Center for Automotive Fuel Cell Systems at Virginia Tech

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nelson, Douglas [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ. (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, VA (United States)

    2011-09-30

    The Virginia Tech GATE Center for Automotive Fuel Cell Systems (CAFCS) achieved the following objectives in support of the domestic automotive industry: Expanded and updated fuel cell and vehicle technologies education programs; Conducted industry directed research in three thrust areas development and characterization of materials for PEM fuel cells; performance and durability modeling for PEM fuel cells; and fuel cell systems design and optimization, including hybrid and plug-in hybrid fuel cell vehicles; Developed MS and Ph.D. engineers and scientists who are pursuing careers related to fuel cells and automotive applications; Published research results that provide industry with new knowledge which contributes to the advancement of fuel cell and vehicle systems commercialization. With support from the Dept. of Energy, the CAFCS upgraded existing graduate course offerings; introduced a hands-on laboratory component that make use of Virginia Tech's comprehensive laboratory facilities, funded 15 GATE Fellowships over a five year period; and expanded our program of industry interaction to improve student awareness of challenges and opportunities in the automotive industry. GATE Center graduate students have a state-of-the-art research experience preparing them for a career to contribute to the advancement fuel cell and vehicle technologies.

  16. Embedded Automotive System Development Process

    OpenAIRE

    Langenwalter, Joachim

    2005-01-01

    Model based design enables the automatic generation of final-build software from models for high-volume automotive embedded systems. This paper presents a framework of processes, methods and tools for the design of automotive embedded systems. A steer-by-wire system serves as an example.

  17. Reliability in automotive ethernet networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Soares, Fabio L.; Campelo, Divanilson R.; Yan, Ying;

    2015-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of in-vehicle communication networks and addresses the challenges of providing reliability in automotive Ethernet in particular.......This paper provides an overview of in-vehicle communication networks and addresses the challenges of providing reliability in automotive Ethernet in particular....

  18. The automotive transmission book

    CERN Document Server

    Fischer, Robert; Jürgens, Gunter; Najork, Rolf; Pollak, Burkhard

    2015-01-01

    This book presents essential information on systems and interactions in automotive transmission technology and outlines the methodologies used to analyze and develop transmission concepts and designs. Functions of and interactions between components and subassemblies of transmissions are introduced, providing a basis for designing transmission systems and for determining their potentials and properties in vehicle-specific applications: passenger cars, trucks, buses, tractors, and motorcycles. With these fundamentals the presentation provides universal resources for both state-of-the-art and future transmission technologies, including systems for electric and hybrid electric vehicles.

  19. Automotive battery technology

    CERN Document Server

    Watzenig, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    The use of electrochemical energy storage systems in automotive applications also involves new requirements for modeling these systems, especially in terms of model depth and model quality. Currently, mainly simple application-oriented models are used to describe the physical behavior of batteries. This book provides a step beyond of state-of-the-art modeling showing various different approaches covering following aspects: system safety, misuse behavior (crash, thermal runaway), battery state estimation and electrochemical modeling with the needed analysis (pre/post mortem). All this different approaches are developed to support the overall integration process from a multidisciplinary point-of-view and depict their further enhancements to this process.

  20. Evolution of the Automotive Body Coating Process—A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson K. Akafuah

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Automotive coatings and the processes used to coat automobile surfaces exemplify the avant-garde of technologies that are capable of producing durable surfaces, exceeding customers’ expectations of appearance, maximizing efficiency, and meeting environmental regulations. These accomplishments are rooted in 100 years of experience, trial-and-error approaches, technique and technology advancements, and theoretical assessments. Because of advancements directed at understanding the how, why, when, and where of automobile coatings, the progress in controlling droplets and their deposition attributes, and the development of new technologies and paint chemistries, a comprehensive and up-to-date review of automobile coatings and coating technologies was considered to be of value to industrial practitioners and researchers. Overall, the critical performance factors driving the development and use of advanced automotive coatings and coating technologies are (a aesthetic characteristics; (b corrosion protection; (c mass production; (d cost and environmental requirements; and (e appearance and durability. Although the relative importance of each of these factors is debatable, the perfection of any one at the expense of another would be unacceptable. Hence, new developments in automotive coatings are described and discussed in the following review, and then related to improvements in production technologies and paints. Modern automotive coating procedures are also discussed in detail. Finally, an extrapolation into the future of automotive coating is offered with a view of the developments and technologies needed for an increasingly efficient and more sustainable coatings industry.

  1. Overview of Automotive Core Tools: Applications and Benefits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doshi, Jigar A.; Desai, Darshak

    2016-06-01

    Continuous improvement of product and process quality is always challenging and creative task in today's era of globalization. Various quality tools are available and used for the same. Some of them are successful and few of them are not. Considering the complexity in the continuous quality improvement (CQI) process various new techniques are being introduced by the industries, as well as proposed by researchers and academia. Lean Manufacturing, Six Sigma, Lean Six Sigma is some of the techniques. In recent years, there are new tools being opted by the industry, especially automotive, called as Automotive Core Tools (ACT). The intention of this paper is to review the applications and benefits along with existing research on Automotive Core Tools with special emphasis on continuous quality improvement. The methodology uses an extensive review of literature through reputed publications—journals, conference proceedings, research thesis, etc. This paper provides an overview of ACT, its enablers, and exertions, how it evolved into sophisticated methodologies and benefits used in organisations. It should be of value to practitioners of Automotive Core Tools and to academics who are interested in how CQI can be achieved using ACT. It needs to be stressed here that this paper is not intended to scorn Automotive Core Tools, rather, its purpose is limited only to provide a balance on the prevailing positive views toward ACT.

  2. Dynamic characteristics of automotive steel sheets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Mihaliková

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this experimental research was to perform an analysis of deformation characteristics on two different types of steel: IF steel, and micro-alloyed steel were used automotive industry. For that purpose changes of properties of these materials were carried out by static 10-3 · s-1 and dynamic 103 · s-1 strain rate assess its plastic properties. Vickers micro hardness test was carried out by the static and dynamic loading condition and describes different hardness distribution. The higher strain hardening of materials was obtained too that was confirmed by distribution of dislocations.

  3. Upgrading the Center for Lightweighting Automotive Materials and Processing - a GATE Center of Excellence at the University of Michigan-Dearborn

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mallick, P. K.

    2012-08-30

    The Center for Lightweighting Materials and Processing (CLAMP) was established in September 1998 with a grant from the Department of Energy’s Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) program. The center received the second round of GATE grant in 2005 under the title “Upgrading the Center for Lightweighting Automotive Materials and Processing”. Using the two grants, the Center has successfully created 10 graduate level courses on lightweight automotive materials, integrated them into master’s and PhD programs in Automotive Systems Engineering, and offered them regularly to the graduate students in the program. In addition, the Center has created a web-based lightweight automotive materials database, conducted research on lightweight automotive materials and organized seminars/symposia on lightweight automotive materials for both academia and industry. The faculty involved with the Center has conducted research on a variety of topics related to design, testing, characterization and processing of lightweight materials for automotive applications and have received numerous research grants from automotive companies and government agencies to support their research. The materials considered included advanced steels, light alloys (aluminum, magnesium and titanium) and fiber reinforced polymer composites. In some of these research projects, CLAMP faculty have collaborated with industry partners and students have used the research facilities at industry locations. The specific objectives of the project during the current funding period (2005 – 2012) were as follows: (1) develop new graduate courses and incorporate them in the automotive systems engineering curriculum (2) improve and update two existing courses on automotive materials and processing (3) upgrade the laboratory facilities used by graduate students to conduct research (4) expand the Lightweight Automotive Materials Database to include additional materials, design case studies and make it more

  4. Beyond survival: Challenges facing South African automotive component exporters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. J. Naude

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose and Objective: The South African automotive component industry faces huge challenges in a very competitive global market. The primary focus of this research article is to determine the challenges facing exporters within this industry with special reference to selected sub-sectors. The challenges are approached from a supply chain perspective only. Problem Investigated: The research problem of this study was to identify these unique challenges and ascertain whether the implementation of a 'philosophy of continuous improvement' could be used as a strategic tool to address the challenges they face in the market. Methodology: This study included a combination of literature review, interviews with managers in the selected sub-groups and questionnaires sent out to determine the challenges facing automotive component exporters. In order to test the content validity and the reliability of the questionnaire, a pilot study was conducted at two organisations that are the main suppliers of automotive filters for passenger vehicles. The non-probability convenience sample technique was used to select the sample and consisted of selected sub-sectors that contribute 64,1% of the total value of automotive component exports in South Africa. Out of twenty-seven questionnaires sent out, twenty (74% response rate were duly completed by the respondents and returned to the researcher. Findings: South Africa faces unique challenges and these are listed and ranked according to priority from most to least important as follows: 1. The reduction of production costs; 2. R/US$ exchange rate effect on the respondent's export sales and profit margin; 3. Exchange rate fluctuations; 4. Threats to the local automotive component market; and 5. Increased competition by way of manufactured imports being sold in the South African market. Value of Research: The study provides recommendations that can be used within the automotive component industry.

  5. Supply chain management and logistics strategy: case studies in automotive suppliers.

    OpenAIRE

    Jonas Lucio Maia; Aline Lamon Cerra

    2006-01-01

    Automotive industry is, traditionally, a fruitful field for the developments in Operations Engineering/Management. In Brazil, such industry has suffered the impacts of structural changes like the adoption of lean manufacturing, the set up of new productive chains, changes in product design, among others.Considering the possible impacts of all these changes, this work aims at analyzing and comparing the Logistics and Supply Chain Management characteristics of two automotive suppliers.The case ...

  6. Work-hardening predicition using a dislocation based model for automotive Interstitial Free (IF) steels

    OpenAIRE

    CARVALHO-RESENDE, Tales; Bouvier, Salima; BALAN, Tudor; ABED-MERAIM, Farid; Sablin, Simon-Serge

    2009-01-01

    With a view to environmental, economic and safety concerns, car manufacturers need to design lighter and safer vehicles in ever shorter development times. In recent years, High Strength Steels (HSS) like Interstitial Free (IF) steels which have higher ratios of yield strength to elastic modulus, are increasingly used for sheet metal parts in automotive industry to reduce mass. The application of simulation models in sheet metal forming in the automotive industry has proven to be beneficial to...

  7. PRINCIPLES OF TQM IN AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    Isac Nicoleta

    2010-01-01

    TQM refers to a management process and set of disciplines that are coordinated to ensure thatthe organization consistently meets and exceeds customer requirements. TQM engages all divisions,departments and levels of the organization. TQM companies are focused on the systematic management of data in all processes and practices to eliminate waste and pursue continuous improvement. The goal is to deliver the highest value for the customer at the lowest cost while achieving sustained profit and e...

  8. Recent Trends of Coated Sheet Steels for Automotive use

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent issues in the automotive industries are, improvement of fuel efficiency according to the worldwide CO2 regulation, passenger safety through enhanced crash worthiness, superior design and cost reduction due to price fluctuation of raw material. To meet these demands, steelmaking companies are developing advanced high strength steel and new process technologies such as hydroforming, TWB(Tailor Welded Blank), hot stamping and so on. In addition, eco-friendly and high corrosion resistant coating technologies are getting more attention to comply with the environmental regulations. In this paper, reviews and prospects of recent coating technologies for automotive use are presented

  9. Simulation work of fatigue life prediction of rubber automotive components

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The usage of rubbers has always been so important, especially in automotive industries. Rubbers have a hyper elastic behaviour which is the ability to withstand very large strain without failure. The normal applications for rubbers are used for shock absorption, sound isolation and mounting. In this study, the predictions of fatigue life of an engine mount of rubber automotive components were presented. The finite element analysis was performed to predict the critical part and the strain output were incorporated into fatigue model for prediction. The predicted result shows agreement in term of failure location of rubber mount.

  10. Simulation work of fatigue life prediction of rubber automotive components

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Samad, M S A [Automotive Engineering Unit, Institute of Advanced Technology, University Putra Malaysia, 43400, UPM Serdang, Selangor (Malaysia); Ali, Aidy, E-mail: aidy@eng.upm.edu.my [Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang Selangor (Malaysia)

    2010-05-15

    The usage of rubbers has always been so important, especially in automotive industries. Rubbers have a hyper elastic behaviour which is the ability to withstand very large strain without failure. The normal applications for rubbers are used for shock absorption, sound isolation and mounting. In this study, the predictions of fatigue life of an engine mount of rubber automotive components were presented. The finite element analysis was performed to predict the critical part and the strain output were incorporated into fatigue model for prediction. The predicted result shows agreement in term of failure location of rubber mount.

  11. Utilization of Durability Criterion to Develop Automotive Components

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ricardo, Luiz Carlos Hernandes

    2010-01-01

    Today the automotive companies must reduce the time to development of new products with improvement in performance, durability and low cost reductions where possible. To achieve this goal the carmakers need to improve the design criterion of car systems like body, chassis and suspension components....... This paper will present a review of the techniques used in the automotive industry regarding durability before mentioned systems. The paper will present the procedures to obtain the spectrum loading to use in finite element analysis and the validation in laboratory and proving grounds....

  12. Tank-automotive robotics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lane, Gerald R.

    1999-07-01

    To provide an overview of Tank-Automotive Robotics. The briefing will contain program overviews & inter-relationships and technology challenges of TARDEC managed unmanned and robotic ground vehicle programs. Specific emphasis will focus on technology developments/approaches to achieve semi- autonomous operation and inherent chassis mobility features. Programs to be discussed include: DemoIII Experimental Unmanned Vehicle (XUV), Tactical Mobile Robotics (TMR), Intelligent Mobility, Commanders Driver Testbed, Collision Avoidance, International Ground Robotics Competition (ICGRC). Specifically, the paper will discuss unique exterior/outdoor challenges facing the IGRC competing teams and the synergy created between the IGRC and ongoing DoD semi-autonomous Unmanned Ground Vehicle and DoT Intelligent Transportation System programs. Sensor and chassis approaches to meet the IGRC challenges and obstacles will be shown and discussed. Shortfalls in performance to meet the IGRC challenges will be identified.

  13. AHAA - agile, hybrid assessment method for automotive, safety critical SMEs

    OpenAIRE

    Mc Caffery, Fergal; Pikkarainen, Minna; Richardson, Ita

    2008-01-01

    Peer-reviewed The need for software is increasingly growing in the automotive industry. Software development projects are, however, often troubled by time and budget overruns, resulting in systems that do not fulfill customer requirements. Both research and industry lack strategies to combine reducing the long software development lifecycles (as required by time-to-market demands) with increasing the quality of the software developed. Software process improvement (SPI) provides the first s...

  14. Beyond survival: Challenges facing South African automotive component exporters

    OpenAIRE

    M. J. Naude; C. O'Neill

    2006-01-01

    Purpose and Objective: The South African automotive component industry faces huge challenges in a very competitive global market. The primary focus of this research article is to determine the challenges facing exporters within this industry with special reference to selected sub-sectors. The challenges are approached from a supply chain perspective only. Problem Investigated: The research problem of this study was to identify these unique challenges and ascertain whether the implement...

  15. The European automotive LPG market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The European automotive LPG market could reach at least 4 % of the European fuel market in 2005 versus 1 % in 1990. This would represent a rise of about 35 % in automotive LPG sales (from 2,4 million tonnes in 1997 to 7 million tonnes estimated for 2005). This was underlined by Alain Deleuse, Primagaz group's Marketing Director, in the paper he delivered at the AEGPL Budapest Convention. We publish large excepts of this paper. (author)

  16. Multicore scheduling in automotive ECUs

    OpenAIRE

    Monot, Aurélien; Navet, Nicolas; Bavoux, Bernard; Simonot-Lion, Françoise

    2010-01-01

    As the demand for computing power is quickly increasing in the automotive domain, car manufacturers and tier-one suppliers are gradually introducing multicore ECUs in their electronic architectures. Additionally, these multicore ECUs offer new features such as higher levels of parallelism which eases the espect of the safety requirements introduced by the ISO 26262 and can be taken advantage of in various other automotive use-cases. These new features involve also more complexity in the desig...

  17. "Green" Sunrise or "Brown" Sunset Industry Response?

    OpenAIRE

    Wad, Peter

    2010-01-01

    In the Global South automobile production evolved behind protectionist walls and was promoted by infant industry policies and outright national automotive projects from the 1950s. In recent decades, many developing countries have liberalized their automotive markets and allowed automobile TNCs to take majority control over joint ventures, transforming domestic automotive industries into foreign controlled sectors while leaving a few national automakers in India, Malaysia and China. Decomposin...

  18. Medição de desempenho em cadeias de suprimentos: um estudo na indústria automobilística Performance measurement in supply chains: a study in the automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário Sacomano Neto

    2012-12-01

    intensa nos relacionamentos mais colaborativos.Much of the literature on performance measurement in industrial companies is based on an internal perspective, i.e., companies are investigated individually. With the emergence of the supply chain management concept, the demand for a review of knowledge and performance measurement systems has increased considering the supply chain as a whole. Thus, the introduction of new productive configurations, such as the industrial condominium, has stimulated the development of new standards of relationship in supply chains introducing new ways to conduct performance management. Therefore, the main objective of the present study was to identify the occurrence and to analyze the key characteristics of performance measurement in a representative supply chain of the Brazilian automotive industry that has an industrial condominium configuration. This study was exploratory in nature, and the data were collected through interviews conducted with executives involved with this topic in these companies using a semi-structured questionnaire. As main result, the occurrence of a single supply chain performance measurement system was not identified in the supply chain studied. In fact, the automaker internal performance measurement system unfolds upstream and downstream affecting the performance measurement systems of the four suppliers and the car dealer studied. Analyzing the performance indicators of these companies, it can be said that the upstream measures are connected to the operational aspects related to quality, production, and delivery performance, while the downstream measures are more strategic and related to marketing. Furthermore, it was also found that the supply chain performance measurement tends to be more intense in collaborative relationships.

  19. Visual comparison testing of automotive paint simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Gary; Fan, Hua-Tzu; Seubert, Christopher; Evey, Curtis; Meseth, Jan; Schnackenberg, Ryan

    2015-03-01

    An experiment was performed to determine whether typical industrial automotive color paint comparisons made using real physical samples could also be carried out using a digital simulation displayed on a calibrated color television monitor. A special light booth, designed to facilitate evaluation of the car paint color with reflectance angle, was employed in both the real and virtual color comparisons. Paint samples were measured using a multi-angle spectrophotometer and were simulated using a commercially available software package. Subjects performed the test quicker using the computer graphic simulation, and results indicate that there is only a small difference between the decisions made using the light booth and the computer monitor. This outcome demonstrates the potential of employing simulations to replace some of the time consuming work with real physical samples that still characterizes material appearance work in industry.

  20. Industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This chapter of the environmental control report deals with the environmental impact of the industry in Austria. It gives a review of the structure and types of the industry, the legal framework and environmental policy of industrial relevance. The environmental situation of the industry in Austria is analyzed in detail, concerning air pollution (SO2, NOx, CO2, CO, CH4, N2O, NH3, Pb, Cd, Hg, dioxin, furans), waste water, waste management and deposit, energy and water consumption. The state of the art in respect of the IPPC-directives (European Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Bureau) concerning the best available techniques of the different industry sectors is outlined. The application of European laws and regulations in the Austrian industry is described. (a.n.)

  1. The evolution of green patenting activity in the automotive sector (1965-2012)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faria, Lourenco; Andersen, Maj Munch

    The paper aims to analyze the evolution of eco-innovative activity and strategies in the automotive sector over time. We have chosen to use a patent count methodology tracking the development of selected technologies considered as promising “green technologies” in the automotive sector. Our...... methodology is based on a normalized Relative Technologic Specialization Index derived from Relative Specialization index, in order to measure the evolution of individual firms’ specialization on the specified technological areas. Our findings show that all the major firms in the automotive industry are...

  2. Automotive Sensors and MEMS Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nonomura, Yutaka

    - Automotive sensors are used for emission gas purification, energy conservation, car kinematic performance, safety and ITS (intelligent transportation system). The comparison of the sensor characteristics was made for their application area. Many kinds of the principles are applied for the sensors. There are two types of sensors, such as physical and chemical one. Many of the automotive sensors are physical type such as mechanical sensors. And a gas sensor is a chemical type. The sensors have been remarkably developed with the advancement of the MEMS (Micro Electro Mechanical Systems) technology. In this paper, gas, pressure, combustion pressure, acceleration, magnetic, and angular rate sensors for automotive use are explained with their features. The sensors are key devices to control cars in the engine, power train, chassis and safety systems. The environment resistance, long term reliability, and low cost are required for the automotive sensors. They are very hard to be resolved. However, the sensor technology contributes greatly to improving global environment, energy conservation, and safety. The applications of automotive sensors will be expanded with the automobile developments.

  3. Analyzing internal barriers for automotive parts remanufacturers in China using grey-DEMATEL approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xia, Xiqiang; Govindan, Kannan; Zhu, Qinghua

    2015-01-01

    major internal barriers and can increase the chances of practicing more productive remanufacturing in the Chinese automotive environments. This study extends the scope of this problem through varied applications of different techniques such as a fuzzy approach, matrix laboratory, and operations research......Automotive industries have attracted attention from international sectors recently. This attention to the industry results in many innovative technologies being integrated in these manufacturing arenas. In developing countries such as the BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India, and China) countries......, especially China who is a global leader in automotive sales and production, researchers see substantial attempts to increase economic and societal values in automotive sectors through the use of many sustainable strategies. Among these sustainable strategies, remanufacturing has witnessed much debate in...

  4. Advanced microsystems for automotive applications 2008

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valldorf, J.; Gessner, W. (eds.) [VDI/VDE Innovation und Technik GmbH, Berlin (Germany)

    2008-07-01

    With the total number of vehicles steadily increasing and soon approaching one billion, the world is facing serious challenges in terms of both safety of road transport and sustainability. Consequently the two major persistent issues for the automotive industry are improved safety and reduced emissions. The integration of complex microsystems with enhanced intelligence has enabled an increase in efficiency of the previously 'dumb' internal combustion engine by an average 1% annually during the last 20 years. In the future, such smart systems may help to leverage novel powertrain concepts towards the zero emission vehicle. Particularly for electric cars, anticipatory power management and efficient driving assistance will be needed to overcome range limitations. Electrical in-wheel motors equipped with novel miniaturized functionalities will be required. Intelligent systems for tire monitoring and control deserve special attention as well, since insufficient tire pressure accounts for more than 3% of the efficiency losses in the car. The conference book in hand is a showroom of activities, the International Forum on Advanced Microsystems for Automotive Applications (AMAA) has been known for during the last 12 years: advanced sensors including one based on the giant magneto resistance (GMR) effect, several camera and radar systems making road traffic safer by assisting the driver in recognizing pedestrians and obstacles, and human-machine interfaces based on the recognition of hand gestures - a striking example of how smart systems will further enhance the usability of vehicles and the comfort of driving. (orig.)

  5. Topology Optimization in Automotive Brake Pedal Redesign

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd Nizam Sudin

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, automotive industry is continuing to strive for light weight vehicle in improving fuel efficiency and emissions reduction. To produce a better performance car it is important to design vehicles with optimum weight. In order to reduce the weight of vehicle without sacrificing its integrity, this project aims to employ topology optimization technique to propose an optimal design of an automotive component in early phase of product development. In this project the material used for an existing brake pedal is unchanged as this study focuses on reducing weight of existing brake pedal without material substitution. The digital model of an existing brake pedal was generated using CATIA V5 solid modelling software. Topology optimization was performed by using Altair Optistruct software under linear static stress analysis. Finally, a new light weight design brake pedal is proposed. The result of the study shows that the weight of a new designed brake pedal was 22% less as compared to an existing brake pedal without sacrificing its performance requirement.

  6. Executable UML Modeling For Automotive Embedded Systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Engineers are more and more faced to the hard problem of sophisticated real-time System whereas time to market becomes always smaller. Object oriented modeling supported by UML standard brings effective solutions to such problems. However the possibility to specify real-time aspects of an application are not yet fully satisfactory Indeed, existing industrial proposals supply good answers to concurrency specification problem but they are yet limited regarding to real-time quantitative properties specification of an application. This work aims to construct a complete and consistent UML methodology based on a profile dedicated to automotive embedded Systems modeling and prototyping. This profile contains ail needed extensions to express easily the real-time quantitative properties of an application. Moreover, thanks to the formalization of UML protocol state machines, real-time concepts have been well-integrated in the object oriented paradigm. The main result of this deep integration is that a user is now able to model real-time Systems through the classical object oriented view i.e. without needing any specific knowing in real-time area. In order to answer to an industrial requirement, Systems prototyping (key point for car industry) the ACCORD/UML approach allows also to build executable models of an application. For that purpose, the method supplies a set of rules allow.ng to remove UML ambiguous semantics points, to complete semantics variation points and then to obtain a complete and coherent global model of an application being executable. The work of UML extension and its using formalization realized all along this thesis supplied also a complete and non-ambiguous modeling framework for automotive electronics Systems development. This is also a base particularly well-suited to tackle other facets of the Systems development as automatic and optimized code generation, validation, simulation or tests. (author)

  7. Design of lightweight multi-material automotive bodies using new material performance indices of thin-walled beams for the material selection with crashworthiness consideration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Currently, automotive bodies are constructed usually using a single material, e.g. steel or aluminum. Compared to single-material automotive bodies, multi-material automotive bodies allow optimal material selection in each structural component for higher product performance and lower cost. This paper presents novel material performance indices and procedures developed to guide systematic material selection for multi-material automotive bodies. These new indices enable to characterize the crashworthiness performance of complex-shaped thin-walled beams in multi-material automotive bodies according to material types. This paper also illustrates the application of these performance indices and procedures by designing a lightweight multi-material automotive body. These procedures will help to design a lightweight and affordable body favored by the automotive industry, thus to reduce fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions.

  8. Chemical Risk Evaluation: A Case Study in an Automotive Air Conditioner Production Facility

    OpenAIRE

    Tengku Hanidza T.I.

    2010-01-01

    There has been limited knowledge on worker’s exposure to chemicals used in the automotive industries. The purpose of this study is to assess chemical risk and to determine the adequacy of the existing control measures to reduce chemical exposure. A cross sectional survey was conducted in a factory involving installation and servicing of automotive air conditioner units. Qualitative exposure assessment was carried out following the Malaysian Chemical Health Risk Assessment Manual (CHRA). There...

  9. Electromagnetic Forming of Longitudinal Strengthening Ribs in Roll Formed Automotive Profiles

    OpenAIRE

    Eguia, I.; Gutiérrez, Ma. A.; Iturbe, R.; Mangas, A.

    2010-01-01

    In the automotive industry, increasing ecological concerns and demands for higher performance have become lightweight construction a key aspect. Due to the gradual introduction of high strength materials on the one side, and greater consideration with regard to continuous manufacturing technologies on the other side, it is possible nowadays to address the demands that structural and complex automotive parts have to face, from the standpoint of lightweight manufacturing. Thickness, shape and i...

  10. Applying the Principles of Project Management to a Collegiate Automotive Engineering Design Project

    OpenAIRE

    Dvorkin, William Nathan

    2016-01-01

    The Hybrid Electric Vehicle Team of Virginia Tech is a collegiate automotive engineering design team that reengineers production vehicles to reduce environmental impact while maintaining vehicle marketability. The team Project Manager is responsible for coordinating high-level management and planning activities with the goal of better aligning the team with business and automotive industry practices. Project management responsibilities within the Hybrid Electric Vehicle Team are divided into ...

  11. Future directions for the development of Virtual Reality within an automotive manufacturer

    OpenAIRE

    Lawson, Glyn; Salanitri, Davide; Waterfield, Brian

    2016-01-01

    Virtual Reality (VR) can reduce time and costs, and lead to increases in quality, in the development of a product. Given the pressure on car companies to reduce time-to-market and to continually improve quality, the automotive industry has championed the use of VR across a number of applications, including design, manufacturing, and training. This paper describes interviews with 11 engineers and employees of allied disciplines from an automotive manufacturer about their current physical and ...

  12. Reducing the Environmental Footprint and Economic Costs of Automotive Manufacturing through an Alternative Energy Supply

    OpenAIRE

    Yuan, Chris; Dornfeld, David

    2009-01-01

    The automotive industry consumes a significant amount of energy in the manufacturing stage and generates substantial greenhouse gas emissions and a variety of air pollutants. With more than two thirds of these emissions generated from purchased electricity, an effective way to reduce the environmental footprint of automotive manufacturing is to use alternative energies to partially supply the power needs for the current manufacturing processes. This paper assesses three alternative energy tec...

  13. Motion analysis of the seated posture on auto automotive prototype seat

    OpenAIRE

    TOUBIANA MEYER, Rivka; BAUDU, Samuel; SANDOZ, Baptiste; Laporte, Sébastien

    2015-01-01

    1. Introduction In automotive industry, by the past, postural comfort was generally predicted through pressure distribution [Mergl, 2005; Zenk, 2007]. Measuring the joint angles, for the automotive sitting comfort, becomes a new investigation field [Schmidt, 2014]. The aim of this study is to evaluate the reproducibility of sitting movement. 2. Methods Six asymptomatic volunteers (mean: 26yo, 1.74m, 69kg), without back pain, participated in this study. The volunteers sat on a nor...

  14. Using the IDEAL Software Process Improvement Model for the Implementation of Automotive SPICE

    OpenAIRE

    Klendauer, R.; Hoffmann, A.; Leimeister, Jan Marco; Berkovich, Marina; Krcmar, Helmut

    2012-01-01

    Most suppliers in the automotive industry are facing the challenge of implementing Automotive SPICE, a domain-specific model of ISO/IEC 15504, which was first published in 2005. Original equipment manufacturers have increasingly requested SPICE certifications from their suppliers in order to effectively evaluate the development processes and identify reliable partners. To support organizations in their software process improvement effort, the Software Engineering Institute (SEI) developed the...

  15. Set-Based Concurrent Engineering Model for Automotive Electronic/Software Systems Development

    OpenAIRE

    Al-Ashaab, Ahmed; Howell, S.; Usowicz, K.; Hernando Anta, P.; Gorka, A.

    2009-01-01

    This paper is presenting a proposal of a novel approach to automotive electronic/software systems development. It is based on the combination of Set-Based Concurrent Engineering, a Toyota approach to product development, with the standard V-Model of software development. Automotive industry currently faces the problem of growing complexity of electronic/software systems. This issue is especially visible at the level of integration of these systems which is difficult and error-pron...

  16. Integration of polymer nanocomposites technologies for automotive applications: opportunities and environmental health challenges

    OpenAIRE

    Njuguna, James A. K.; I Peña; Zhu, H; Rocks, Sophie A.; Blazquez, Maria; S. A. Desai

    2008-01-01

    The concept of nanostructured materials design is gaining widespread importance among the automotive industry. Although employment of nanotechnology in current and future automotives will go long way in solving energy crises, it is necessary to understand both the hazards associated with nanomaterials and the levels of exposure that are likely to occur. The existing knowledge in these areas is quite limited and it will be necessary in the near future. This paper highlights t...

  17. Industrialization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This chapter discusses the role-plays by nuclear technology to enhance productivity in industry. Some of the techniques, Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) - x, gamma, electron and neutron radiography, nuclear gauges, materials characterization are discussed thoroughly

  18. Characterization of process air emissions in automotive production plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Arcy, J B; Dasch, J M; Gundrum, A B; Rivera, J L; Johnson, J H; Carlson, D H; Sutherland, J W

    2016-01-01

    During manufacturing, particles produced from industrial processes become airborne. These airborne emissions represent a challenge from an industrial hygiene and environmental standpoint. A study was undertaken to characterize the particles associated with a variety of manufacturing processes found in the auto industry. Air particulates were collected in five automotive plants covering ten manufacturing processes in the areas of casting, machining, heat treatment and assembly. Collection procedures provided information on air concentration, size distribution, and chemical composition of the airborne particulate matter for each process and insight into the physical and chemical processes that created those particles. PMID:26273851

  19. Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernstein, Lenny; Roy, Joyashree; Delhotal, K. Casey; Harnisch, Jochen; Matsuhashi, Ryuji; Price, Lynn; Tanaka, Kanako; Worrell, Ernst; Yamba, Francis; Fengqi, Zhou; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Gielen, Dolf; Joosen, Suzanne; Konar, Manaswita; Matysek, Anna; Miner, Reid; Okazaki, Teruo; Sanders, Johan; Sheinbaum Parado, Claudia

    2007-12-01

    This chapter addresses past, ongoing, and short (to 2010) and medium-term (to 2030) future actions that can be taken to mitigate GHG emissions from the manufacturing and process industries. Globally, and in most countries, CO{sub 2} accounts for more than 90% of CO{sub 2}-eq GHG emissions from the industrial sector (Price et al., 2006; US EPA, 2006b). These CO{sub 2} emissions arise from three sources: (1) the use of fossil fuels for energy, either directly by industry for heat and power generation or indirectly in the generation of purchased electricity and steam; (2) non-energy uses of fossil fuels in chemical processing and metal smelting; and (3) non-fossil fuel sources, for example cement and lime manufacture. Industrial processes also emit other GHGs, e.g.: (1) Nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O) is emitted as a byproduct of adipic acid, nitric acid and caprolactam production; (2) HFC-23 is emitted as a byproduct of HCFC-22 production, a refrigerant, and also used in fluoroplastics manufacture; (3) Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) are emitted as byproducts of aluminium smelting and in semiconductor manufacture; (4) Sulphur hexafluoride (SF{sub 6}) is emitted in the manufacture, use and, decommissioning of gas insulated electrical switchgear, during the production of flat screen panels and semiconductors, from magnesium die casting and other industrial applications; (5) Methane (CH{sub 4}) is emitted as a byproduct of some chemical processes; and (6) CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O can be emitted by food industry waste streams. Many GHG emission mitigation options have been developed for the industrial sector. They fall into three categories: operating procedures, sector-wide technologies and process-specific technologies. A sampling of these options is discussed in Sections 7.2-7.4. The short- and medium-term potential for and cost of all classes of options are discussed in Section 7.5, barriers to the application of these options are addressed in Section 7.6 and the implication of

  20. Technology Roadmap for Energy Reduction in Automotive Manufacturing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2008-09-01

    U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Industrial Technologies Program (ITP), in collaboration with the United States Council for Automotive Research LLC (USCAR), hosted a technology roadmap workshop in Troy, Michigan in May 2008. The purpose of the workshop was to explore opportunities for energy reduction, discuss the challenges and barriers that might need to be overcome, and identify priorities for future R&D. The results of the workshop are presented in this report.

  1. Software independence: impact on automotive product development process

    OpenAIRE

    M. Pappalardo; Naddeo, A.; M. Annarumma

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: Currently, in automotive industries one of the most important works in product design is the evaluationof crash events using FEM simulation; in this context, software independence, that means to obtain the samesimulation results on the same vehicle-model using different FEM solvers, will be useful for reducing virtualprototyping time and consequently Time To Market.Design/methodology/approach: The carrying out of a software-independence translation methodology is theaim of this work,...

  2. Automotive HMI design and participatory user involvement: Review and perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    FRANCOIS, Mathilde; Osiurak, François; Fort, Alexandra; CRAVE, Philippe; Navarro, Jordan

    2016-01-01

    Automotive human-machine interface (HMI) design is facing new challenges due to the technological advances of the last decades. The design process has to be adapted in order to address human factors and road safety challenges. It is now widely accepted that user involvement in the HMI design process is valuable. However, the current form of user involvement in industry remains at the stages of concept assessment and usability tests. Moreover, the literature in other fields (e.g. information s...

  3. Cubic Silicon Carbide: a promising material for automotive application

    OpenAIRE

    Attolini, Giovanni; Bosi, Matteo; Rossi, Francesca; Watts, Bernard Enrico; Salviati, Giancarlo

    2008-01-01

    carbide is a material that possesses properties that make it desirable in electronic, structural and sensor applications. As a wide band gap semiconductor it can be used in high power, high temperature electronics and harsh environments. Its hardness, wear resistance, chemical inertness, and thermal conductivity find uses ranging from disc brakes to micron scale sensors and actuators. The automotive industry faces some important challenges since it has obligations to manufacture safe, clean, ...

  4. Metodika hodnocení dodavatelů v DURA Automotive

    OpenAIRE

    Bednář, Petr

    2014-01-01

    This Bachelor thesis deals with evaluation methodology of suppliers of indirect material and services in a particular company, which operates in the automotive industry. The aim is to create a foundation for evaluating suppliers of indirect material and services for practical use. The theoretical part contains a summary of the theoretical basis of resources and a description of the methods. The practical part contains methods and documents necessary for the evaluation of supplier of indirect ...

  5. Investigation and Modeling of Recrystallization of Cold Rolled Automotive Steels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhitelev, P.; Vasilyev, A.; Sokolov, S.; Sokolov, D.; Paligin, R.

    2016-04-01

    Ferrite recrystallization in cold-rolled sheets of automotive steels has been studied using a Geeble 3800 complex. Mathematical models for quantitative description of the process kinetics and prediction of the recrystallized ferrite grain size have been developed. These models enable performing calculations for any arbitrary heating regimes, including those that are used in industrial production practice, and allow taking into account the effects of a fairly wide range variation of the chemical composition of steels.

  6. The evolution of innovation networks : an automotive case study

    OpenAIRE

    Buchmann, Tobias

    2014-01-01

    Competitive pressure forces firms to continuously develop new ideas, invent new technologies and bring new products to the market in order to survive the destructive part of Schumpeterian innovation competition. This holds particularly for the automotive industry in Germany, challenged by firms from emerging markets which are able to offer their products for lower prices. In the competition for new technological solutions, competences and cutting-edge knowledge are success factors. New knowle...

  7. Environmental sustainability: plastic's evolving role in the automotive life cycle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One method of assessing the sustainability of manufactured products involves performing a life cycle analysis for a product and comparing it to alternative ones, or else examining if individual stages of the product can be modified. LCA applications are being used more extensively, especially in the automotive and related industries. Automotive plastics in particular are being scrutinized with much greater care. Plastic components have replaced metal ones in vehicle manufacturing to improve vehicle fuel efficiency and aesthetics. However, at the end of a vehicle's life, recycling rates for plastic are negligible when compared to those of steel. In order to gain the full environmental benefits of using plastic as a vehicle material, plastics must be recycled at the end of a vehicle's life, especially given their increasing use. While a variety of processes have been developed for the recycling of automotive plastics, the challenges of sorting, processing, and finally recycling a heterogeneous mixture of used plastics have yet to be effectively solved. A preliminary life cycle assessment of a plastic automotive fascia demonstrates the usefulness of this eco-balance technique in evaluating potential improvements to manufacturing and end-of-life processes. Improving the manufacturing process may reduce environmental burdens to a larger extent than just recycling the plastic. (author)

  8. Review of Special Standards in Quality Management Systems Audits in Automotive Production

    Science.gov (United States)

    Šurinová, Yulia

    2013-12-01

    Quality management systems (QMS) in automotive industry generally have several differences in comparison with other industrial branches. Different customers have their own specific requirements, including requirements for quality audits. Audits are one of the coretools of quality management to make the PDCA (Plan - Do - Check - Act) cycle work. As a matter of fact, compliance with ISO/TS 16949:2009 requirements is a condition for supplying the automotive industry. However, there are some standards which co-exist together with the ISO 9001 based management systems and technical specification for QMS in automotive ISO/TS16949. Which are those specific standards in automotive industry and what standard to use and why - those are the questions to be answered in this paper. The aim of the paper is to review what standards are used for audits implementation in automotive industry in the Slovak Republic, and why the organizations keep following those "extra" standards even if certification for ISO/TS 16949 is required by all the car makers. The paper is structured as follows: after short introduction to the topic and related terms, presented is our methodology. . In the third section, the achieved results are discussed. And finally, the principal findings of the paper, limitations and conclusions are presented.

  9. Automotive Electronics. Teacher Edition (Revised).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackert, Howard C.; Heiserman, Russell L.

    This learning module addresses computers and their applications in contemporary automobiles. The text provides students with information on automotive microcomputers and hands-on activities that will help them see how semiconductors and digital logic devices fit into the modern repair facility. The module contains nine instructional units that…

  10. Human factors in automotive innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Terken, J.; Ham, J.; Hoedemaeker, M.

    2011-01-01

    Many automotive innovations affect the driver's task and/or the driving experience. In this paper we argue that successful innovation in these cases requires that due attention is given to Human Factors issues in the course of the innovation process. We support this claim by examples from several re

  11. Automotive Cooling and Lubricating Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marine Corps Inst., Washington, DC.

    This correspondence course, originally developed for the Marine Corps, is designed to provide new mechanics with a source of study materials to assist them in becoming more proficient in their jobs. The course contains four study units covering automotive cooling system maintenance, cooling system repair, lubricating systems, and lubrication…

  12. Supplier–customer relationships: Weaknesses in south african automotive supply chains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. J. Naude

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The South African automotive industry, which is an important sector in the South African economy, needs to function efficiently if it is to compete internationally. However, South African automotive components manufacturers (ACMs are not internationally competitive and automotive assemblers, also known as original equipment manufacturers (OEMs, often import cheaper components from abroad. All parties in the South African automotive supply chains need each other to ensure optimal efficiency and competitiveness. Furthermore, it is vital that good relationships exist between customers and suppliers in the automotive supply chains in South Africa. ACMs are central to automotive supply chains. A survey was conducted among ACMs to determine the nature of relationships that exist between buyers and suppliers in South Africa’s automotive supply chains. The results showed that collaborative relationships do indeed exist between members of the supply chain but that communication, understanding of the parties’ situations and cooperation can improve this relationship and so create total alliance between OEMs and ACMs.

  13. GATE Center of Excellence at UAB in Lightweight Materials for Automotive Applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2011-07-31

    This report summarizes the accomplishments of the UAB GATE Center of Excellence in Lightweight Materials for Automotive Applications. The first Phase of the UAB DOE GATE center spanned the period 2005-2011. The UAB GATE goals coordinated with the overall goals of DOE's FreedomCAR and Vehicles Technologies initiative and DOE GATE program. The FCVT goals are: (1) Development and validation of advanced materials and manufacturing technologies to significantly reduce automotive vehicle body and chassis weight without compromising other attributes such as safety, performance, recyclability, and cost; (2) To provide a new generation of engineers and scientists with knowledge and skills in advanced automotive technologies. The UAB GATE focused on both the FCVT and GATE goals in the following manner: (1) Train and produce graduates in lightweight automotive materials technologies; (2) Structure the engineering curricula to produce specialists in the automotive area; (3) Leverage automotive related industry in the State of Alabama; (4) Expose minority students to advanced technologies early in their career; (5) Develop innovative virtual classroom capabilities tied to real manufacturing operations; and (6) Integrate synergistic, multi-departmental activities to produce new product and manufacturing technologies for more damage tolerant, cost-effective, and lighter automotive structures.

  14. Cost Benefit Analysis of Using Clean Energy Supplies to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Global Automotive Manufacturing

    OpenAIRE

    Xiang Zhao; Chris Yuan; Huajun Cao; Qiang Zhai

    2011-01-01

    Automotive manufacturing is energy-intensive. The consumed energy contributes to the generation of significant amounts of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by the automotive manufacturing industry. In this paper, a study is conducted on assessing the application potential of such clean energy power systems as solar PV, wind and fuel cells in reducing the GHG emissions of the global auto manufacturing industry. The study is conducted on the representative solar PV, wind and fuel cell clean energy...

  15. Aplicação da modularidade na indústria automobilística: análise a partir de um levantamento tipo survey Survey research on the application of modularity in the automotive industry in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Carnevalli

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigação tem como objetivo identificar empresas do setor automobilístico que utilizam a estratégia modular e analisar aspectos do seu uso. Para tanto, foi realizado um levantamento tipo survey com o envio de um questionário para cerca de 350 empresas deste segmento, com aproximadamente 14% de taxa de retorno. Verificou-se que a maioria das empresas tem certa experiência com a modularidade. As dificuldades para as montadoras estão principalmente na capacitação dos fornecedores. Já os fornecedores apresentam dificuldades para atender às exigências das montadoras de projetar e fabricar os módulos. Em relação aos benefícios do uso da modularidade para as montadoras, a maioria está relacionada com a terceirização de atividades para o fornecedor, tal como a transferência de custos fixos para os fornecedores. Para os fornecedores, os principais benefícios envolvem o aumento da parceria com o cliente, como ter exclusividade de fornecimento e desenvolver novas competências organizacionais.The purpose of this research is to identify automotive sector companies that use modular strategies and analyze aspects of its use. To this end, a survey research was carried out though a questionnaire sent to about 350 companies in the sector, with a response rate of nearly 14%. Results showed that most companies adopt the modularity strategy and have some experience in its use. Concerning the difficulties experienced, the major problems faced by assemblers are related to finding capable suppliers in order to use the strategy. With regard to suppliers, the difficulties are related to fulfilling automotive assemblers' new demands to modular design and manufacturing. Regarding automotive assemblers, the main benefit of adopting modularity is linked to the outsourcing of some activities to suppliers, transferring fixed costs to them. Concerning suppliers, the main benefit is the partnership increase with customers, such as exclusive supply

  16. Aplicação da modularidade na indústria automobilística: análise a partir de um levantamento tipo survey Survey research on the application of modularity in the automotive industry in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Carnevalli

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigação tem como objetivo identificar empresas do setor automobilístico que utilizam a estratégia modular e analisar aspectos do seu uso. Para tanto, foi realizado um levantamento tipo survey com o envio de um questionário para cerca de 350 empresas deste segmento, com aproximadamente 14% de taxa de retorno. Verificou-se que a maioria das empresas tem certa experiência com a modularidade. As dificuldades para as montadoras estão principalmente na capacitação dos fornecedores. Já os fornecedores apresentam dificuldades para atender às exigências das montadoras de projetar e fabricar os módulos. Em relação aos benefícios do uso da modularidade para as montadoras, a maioria está relacionada com a terceirização de atividades para o fornecedor, tal como a transferência de custos fixos para os fornecedores. Para os fornecedores, os principais benefícios envolvem o aumento da parceria com o cliente, como ter exclusividade de fornecimento e desenvolver novas competências organizacionais.The purpose of this research is to identify automotive sector companies that use modular strategies and analyze aspects of its use. To this end, a survey research was carried out though a questionnaire sent to about 350 companies in the sector, with a response rate of nearly 14%. Results showed that most companies adopt the modularity strategy and have some experience in its use. Concerning the difficulties experienced, the major problems faced by assemblers are related to finding capable suppliers in order to use the strategy. With regard to suppliers, the difficulties are related to fulfilling automotive assemblers' new demands to modular design and manufacturing. Regarding automotive assemblers, the main benefit of adopting modularity is linked to the outsourcing of some activities to suppliers, transferring fixed costs to them. Concerning suppliers, the main benefit is the partnership increase with customers, such as exclusive supply

  17. Study of residual stresses in welded joints of dual phase HSLA steel used in automotive industry; Estudo das tensoes residuais em juntas soldadas de aco ARBL bifasico usado na industria automobilistica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barbato, D.S.; Fonseca, M.P. Cindra; Marques Junior, A.S.; Chuvas, T.C.; Pardal, J.M., E-mail: mcindra@vm.uff.b [Universidade Federal Fluminense (PGMEC/UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Programa de Pos-graduacao em Engenharia Mecanica; Berretta, J.R. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2010-07-01

    One way of weight reduction in automotive vehicles is through the use of high strength and low alloy (HSLA) steels, which enables the use of small thickness plates. Whereas the appearance of residual stresses is intrinsic to the welding process, this study evaluates the residual stresses generated in welded joints obtained by TIG and LASER welding processes and comparing them. Residual stresses were measured by X-rays diffraction technique, using a portable device with Cr{kappa}{alpha} radiation applying the double exposure method. It also evaluates the influence of shot peening treatment applied after welding, in the bend tests conducted for both welding conditions and TIG welded joints showed higher stability of compressive stresses after welding. The metallographic analysis by optical microscopy complemented the welded joints characterization. (author)

  18. Development of Universal Portable Spray Stand for Touch-Up Process in The Automotive Paintshop

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fatah Muhamed Mukhtar, Muhamed Abdul; Mohideen Shahul Hameed, Rasool

    2016-02-01

    A spray stand is a custom-made tool used to hold the automotive body parts as well as the devices used to facilitate the operator during the Touch Up process in Paint shop production. This paper discusses about the development of Universal Portable Spray Stand (UPSS) as a tool to hold various types of automotive body parts and model of car during the painting process. The main objective of this study is to determine the effective application of UPSS at the International College of Automotive (ICAM) and also in the automotive industry. This will be helpful to add features to the current spray stand in ICAM and to add value to the spray stand based on selected criteria which are universal, portable and cost saving. In addition, study in the UPSS is also expected to bring reduction in cycle time during the touch up process, in the paint defects and in the ergonomics issues among the operators.

  19. Carbon footprint of automotive ignition coil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Huey-Ling; Chen, Chih-Ming; Sun, Chin-Huang; Lin, Hung-Di

    2015-07-01

    In recent years, environmental issues, such as climate change and global warming due to the excessive development of industry, have attracted increasing attention of citizens worldwide. It is known that CO2 accounts for the largest proportion of greenhouse gases. Therefore, how to reduce CO2 emissions during the life cycle of a product to lessen its impact on environment is an important topic in the industrial society. Furthermore, it is also of great significance to cut down the required energy so as to lower its production costs during the manufacturing process nowadays. This study presents the carbon footprint of an automotive ignition coil and its partial materials are defined to explore their carbon emissions and environmental impact. The model IPCC GWP100a calculates potential global greenhouse effect by converting them into CO2 equivalents. In this way, the overall carbon footprint of an ignition coil can be explored. By using IPCC GWP100a, the results display that the shell has the most carbon emissions. The results can help the industry reduce the carbon emissions of an ignition coil product.

  20. 16 CFR 306.10 - Automotive fuel rating posting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Automotive fuel rating posting. 306.10... AUTOMOTIVE FUEL RATINGS, CERTIFICATION AND POSTING Duties of Retailers § 306.10 Automotive fuel rating posting. (a) If you are a retailer, you must post the automotive fuel rating of all automotive fuel...

  1. United States Automotive Materials Partnership LLC (USAMP)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    United States Automotive Materials Partnership

    2011-01-31

    The United States Automotive Materials Partnership LLC (USAMP) was formed in 1993 as a partnership between Chrysler Corporation, Ford Motor Company, and General Motors Corporation. Since then the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has supported its activities with funding and technical support. The mission of the USAMP is to conduct vehicle-oriented research and development in materials and materials processing to improve the competitiveness of the U.S. Auto Industry. Its specific goals are: (1) To conduct joint research to further the development of lightweight materials for improved automotive fuel economy; and (2) To work with the Federal government to explore opportunities for cooperative programs with the national laboratories, Federal agencies such as the DOE and universities. As a major component of the DOE's Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program (FCVT) collaboration with the USAMP, the Automotive Lightweighting Materials (ALM) program focuses on the development and validation of advanced materials and manufacturing technologies to significantly reduce automotive vehicle body and chassis weight without compromising other attributes such as safety, performance, recyclability, and cost. The FCVT was announced in FY 2002 and implemented in FY 2003, as a successor of the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV), largely addressed under the first Cooperative Agreement. This second USAMP Cooperative Agreement with the DOE has expanded a unique and valuable framework for collaboratively directing industry and government research efforts toward the development of technologies capable of solving important societal problems related to automobile transportation. USAMP efforts are conducted by the domestic automobile manufacturers, in collaboration with materials and manufacturing suppliers, national laboratories, universities, and other technology or trade organizations. These interactions provide a direct route for implementing newly

  2. Advantages and challenges of dissimilar materials in automotive lightweight construction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weberpals, Jan-Philipp; Schmidt, Philipp A.; Böhm, Daniel; Müller, Steffen

    2015-03-01

    The core of future automotive lightweight materials is the joining technology of various material mixes. The type of joining will be essential, particularly in electrified propulsion systems, especially as an improved electrical energy transmission leads to a higher total efficiency of the vehicle. The most evident parts to start the optimization process are the traction battery, the electrical performance modules and the engines. Consequently aluminum plays a very central role for lightweight construction applications. However, the physical-technical requirements of components often require the combination with other materials. Thus the joining of mixed material connections is an essential key technology for many of the current developments, for example in the areas E-Mobility, solar energy and lightweight construction. Due to these advantages mixed material joints are already established in the automotive industry and laser beam remote welding is now a focus technology for mixed material connections. The secret of the laser welding process with mixed materials lies within the different areas of the melting phase diagram depending on the mixing ratio and the cooling down rate. According to that areas with unwanted, prim, intermetallic phases arise in the fusion zone. Therefore, laser welding of mixed material connections can currently only be used with additional filler in the automotive industry.

  3. History and evolution of warning labels for automotive friction products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopelovich, Luda M; Thuett, Kerry A; Chapman, Pamela S; Paustenbach, Dennis J

    2014-04-01

    There have been claims over the years that asbestos-containing product manufacturers did not sufficiently warn end users early enough regarding the potential health hazards associated with their products (1930s-1990s). To address this issue, we compared the content of the warnings associated with asbestos-containing friction products (brakes, clutches, and gaskets) manufactured by the US automotive industries to what was expected by regulatory agencies during the time period in which an understanding of asbestos health hazards was being developed. We ended our evaluation around 1990, since asbestos-containing manufacturer supplied automotive products were functionally removed from commerce by 1985 in the United States. We assessed the warnings issued in users' manuals, technical service bulletins, product packaging materials, and labels placed on products themselves. Based on our evaluation, regulatory agencies had no guidelines regarding specific warning language for finished friction products, particularly when a product contained encapsulated asbestos fibers (i.e., modified by a bonding agent). Even today, federal regulations do not require labeling on encapsulated products when, based on professional judgment or sampling, user exposure is not expected to exceed the OSHA PEL. We concluded that, despite limited regulatory guidance, the US automotive industry provided adequate warnings with regards to its friction products. PMID:24518387

  4. Rejuvenation of automotive fuel cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Yu Seung; Langlois, David A.

    2016-08-23

    A process for rejuvenating fuel cells has been demonstrated to improve the performance of polymer exchange membrane fuel cells with platinum/ionomer electrodes. The process involves dehydrating a fuel cell and exposing at least the cathode of the fuel cell to dry gas (nitrogen, for example) at a temperature higher than the operating temperature of the fuel cell. The process may be used to prolong the operating lifetime of an automotive fuel cell.

  5. Automotive stamped part fatigue design

    OpenAIRE

    Caudoux Mélanie; Facchinetti Matteo Luca; Raynal Renaud

    2014-01-01

    Fatigue design of automotive axle parts is of prior concern because of these are high safety parts and they are expected to drive the overall vehicle mass reduction. In this framework, the stamping process is widely used to form axle parts, before assembling them by welding. Consequently, the mechanical and physical characteristics of the blank sheet are modified, having a strong influence on the fatigue behavior. In this paper, we address the consequences of the stamped process on the fatigu...

  6. Computational intelligence in automotive applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prokhorov, Danil (ed.) [Toyota Motor Engineering and Manufacturing (TEMA), Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Toyota Technical Center

    2008-07-01

    What is computational intelligence (CI)? Traditionally, CI is understood as a collection of methods from the fields of neural networks (NN), fuzzy logic and evolutionary computation. This edited volume is the first of its kind, suitable to automotive researchers, engineers and students. It provides a representative sample of contemporary CI activities in the area of automotive technology. The volume consists of 13 chapters, including but not limited to these topics: vehicle diagnostics and vehicle system safety, control of vehicular systems, quality control of automotive processes, driver state estimation, safety of pedestrians, intelligent vehicles. All chapters contain overviews of state of the art, and several chapters illustrate their methodologies on examples of real-world systems. About the Editor: Danil Prokhorov began his technical career in St. Petersburg, Russia, after graduating with Honors from Saint Petersburg State University of Aerospace Instrumentation in 1992 (MS in Robotics). He worked as a research engineer in St. Petersburg Institute for Informatics and Automation, one of the institutes of the Russian Academy of Sciences. He came to the US in late 1993 for Ph.D. studies. He became involved in automotive research in 1995 when he was a Summer intern at Ford Scientific Research Lab in Dearborn, MI. Upon his graduation from the EE Department of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, in 1997, he joined Ford to pursue application-driven research on neural networks and other machine learning algorithms. While at Ford, he took part in several production-bound projects including neural network based engine misfire detection. Since 2005 he is with Toyota Technical Center, Ann Arbor, MI, overseeing important mid- and long-term research projects in computational intelligence. (orig.)

  7. Noise Radiation from Automotive Turbochargers

    OpenAIRE

    Zhenrui, Wang

    2011-01-01

    Turbochargers are now commonly used in modern automotive engines, which increase the density of air entering the engine to produce more power. This device not only greatly improves the degree of engine efficiency, but also reduces the pollutant emissions. However, one of the important issues which must be considered is the noise from turbochargers. This noise can radiate either after propagation through the intake and exhaust ducts or via induced vibrations in the turbocharger housing. Here t...

  8. CAE ANALYSIS OF AUTOMOTIVE LAMP

    OpenAIRE

    Vaibhav Wakchaure*; G.V.R Seshagiri Rao

    2015-01-01

    This Paper work is focused on the different FE analysis performed for the automotive lamps. Front fog lamp is designed according to the mounting position given in the panel and the light output requirement. In this paper different type of CAE analysis performed to qualify the physical test requirement the objective of this analysis is to find the optimum size design of lamp to qualify the test & output as per customer requirement. In this paper Static, vibration & fatigue analysis...

  9. Assessment of automotive fuels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Energy demand all over the world increases steadily and, within the next decades, is almost completely met by fossil fuels. This poses increasing pressure on oil supply and reserves. Concomitant is the concern about environmental pollution, especially by carbon dioxide from fossil fuel combustion, with the risk of global warming. Environmental well-being requires a modified mix of energy sources to emit less carbon dioxide, starting with a move to natural gas and ending with the market penetration of renewable energies. Efforts should focus on advanced oil and gas production and processing technologies and on regeneratively produced fuels like hydrogen or bio-fuels as well. Within the framework of an industrial initiative in Germany, a process of defining one or two alternative fuels was started, to bring them into the market within the next years. (orig.)

  10. Strategies of performance self-monitoring in automotive production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faye, Hélène; Falzon, Pierre

    2009-09-01

    Production in the automotive industry, based on assembly line work, is now characterized by lean manufacturing and customization. This results in greater flexibility and increased quality demands, including worker performance self-monitoring. The objectives of this study are to refine the concept of performance self-monitoring and to characterize the strategies developed by operators to achieve it. Data were collected based on the method of individual auto-confrontation, consisting of two steps: eleven assembly-line operators of a French automotive company were individually observed and video-taped while they were working; an interview then allowed each operator to discuss his/her activity based on the video-tape. This study expands the concept of performance self-monitoring by highlighting three types of strategies directly oriented toward quality: prevention, feedback control and control action strategies. PMID:19230859

  11. Simulation based design of automotive systems

    OpenAIRE

    Schiehlen, Werner

    1993-01-01

    The design of automotive systems using simulation tools features cost reduction and quality enhancement. This paper presents two basic approaches. The rust approach deals with the application of CAD data bases to the evaluation of input data for multibody system formalisms, most adequate for automotive system modeling. An object oriented data model for multibody systems is presented. The second approach covers the development of an integrated simulation tool for automotive vehicles and the co...

  12. Systems thinking in designing automotive textiles

    OpenAIRE

    Sinha, Pammi; Muthu, Subramanian Senthilkannan; Taylor, Iain; Schulz, Rita; Beverley, Katharine J.; Day, Claire L.; Tipi, Nicoleta S.

    2015-01-01

    We present the complexities in terms of designing automotive exterior seating materials (seat coverings and interior linings) at Sage Automotive Interiors (UK), which is a division of a global international automotive textile supplier with headquarters in the US. Sustainability and innovation are emphasized in documents communicating the company’s vision. Using a case study approach, we consider the current design, development and manufacture process and examine it for the potential for feedb...

  13. Active Electromagnetic Interference Cancelation for Automotive Switch-Mode Audio Power Amplifiers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knott, Arnold; Pfaffinger, Gerhard; Andersen, Michael A. E.

    2009-01-01

    Recent trends in the automotive audio industry have shown the importance of active noise cancelation (ANC) for major improvements in mobile entertainment environments. These approaches target the acoustical noise in the cabin and superimpose an inverse noise signal to cancel disturbances. Electro......Recent trends in the automotive audio industry have shown the importance of active noise cancelation (ANC) for major improvements in mobile entertainment environments. These approaches target the acoustical noise in the cabin and superimpose an inverse noise signal to cancel disturbances...

  14. Electrification of the transportation sector: Is there a need for restructuring the automotive parts suppliers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bekaslan, A. Ebru

    The future of the transportation sector has significant implications for the mitigation of climate change through reduced GHG emissions as well as achieving energy efficiency and energy independence. Battery-powered, plug-in, and hybrid electric vehicles are widely seen as the greatest source of a solution. This thesis analyzes the historical development and growth of the automotive industry as well as the restructuring toward the next generation technologies in comparison with the U.S. and China to shed light on the question of how a developing country can structure its strategies to be able to upgrade and be competitive over time. Conventional business models can become obsolete. Companies will find it difficult to maintain their market position unless they gain new perspectives on the outlook of the industry as a whole, and take into account the successful business models of tomorrow. The potential for further growth of the Turkish automotive supplier base particularly in the next generation of automotive technologies is therefore highly dependent on policies and strategies at the national level as much as its dependence on the global strategies of the automotive industry's major players. In this sense, the key questions that motivate this study are whether there are foreseeable technological changes and product-segmentation strategies that could significantly enhance the competitiveness of local Turkish suppliers of automotive components. The thesis builds on the theory of innovative enterprise and evolutionary agglomeration to examine the competitive potential of the Konya Auto Part Suppliers' Cluster in Turkey.

  15. Globalização e estratégias competitivas na indústria automobilística: uma abordagem a partir das principais montadoras instaladas no Brasil Globalization and competitive strategies in the automotive industry: an approach from the pespective of the main assemblers in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enéas Gonçalves de Carvalho

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo primeiramente trata do processo de globalização da indústria automobilística internacional. Da mesma forma, o importante papel desempenhado pela introdução de novas tecnologias nessa indústria é também considerado. As mudanças recentes e principais tendências das estratégias competitivas - em particular no tocante à globalização e aos produtos - implementadas por algumas das principais montadoras da indústria automobilística mundial (GM, Ford, Toyota, VW, Fiat são também examinadas. Por fim, são considerados os planos internacionais e o mercado interno brasileiro.This paper discusses several aspects of the international automotive industry, to wit, the process of globalization, the important role of new technologies in this industry, recent changes and main trends in competitive strategies, particularly those involving globalization and products, implemented by some of the main automakers around the world (GM, Ford, Toyota, VW, Fiat, and last but not least, international plans and Brazil's domestic market.

  16. Automotive Functional Safety and Robustness — Never the Twain or Hand in Glove?

    OpenAIRE

    Rivett, Roger; Habli, Ibrahim; Kelly, Tim

    2015-01-01

    International audience The FMEA/FMECA analysis technique has been used for over 30 years in the automotive industry in the context of product quality and robustness. More recently the discipline of functional safety has been adopted by the industry for analysing software-based control systems. Both of these approaches seek to predict undesirable outcomes that may occur and then take steps to avoid them. Despite these similarities, and their joint use within the industry, the quality and ro...

  17. The competitive repositioning of automotive firms in Turin: innovation, internationalisation and the role of ICT

    OpenAIRE

    Massimo Florio; Cristina Castelli; Anna Giunta

    2008-01-01

    Following the increasing competitive pressure and the emergence of new industrial poles within the auto industry, Italian firms have been the protagonists of an intense reorganisation, which is still ongoing. This case-study involves 13 supplier firms, operating in the automotive industry, localised in Turin, that have adopted a series of strategies aimed at improving their international competitiveness. The empirical findings show that there is a particularly strong innovative drive for the ...

  18. HIL Simulation of Power Electronics and Electric Drives for Automotive Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Puschmann

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Hardware-in-the-loop simulation is today a standard method for testing electronic equipment in the automotive industry. Since electric drives and power electronic devices are more and more important in automotive applications, these kinds of systems have to be integrated into the hardware-in-the-loop simulation. Power converters and electric drives are used in many different applications in vehicles today (hybrid electric or electric powertrain, electric steering systems, DC-DC converters, etc.. The wide range of applications, topologies, and power levels results in various different approaches and solutions for hardware-in-the-loop testing. This paper gives an overview of hardware-in-the-loop simulation of power electronics and electric drives in the automotive industry. The currently available technologies are described and future challenges are outlined.

  19. Melhoria contínua e aprendizagem organizacional: múltiplos casos em empresas do setor automobilístico Continuous improvement and organizational learning: multiple cases in automotive industry companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Valio Dominguez Gonzalez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A acirrada competição, ressaltada pela disputa globalizada, exige que as organizações estabeleçam inovações cada vez mais frequentes e rápidas a fim de atender às mudanças tecnológicas, econômicas e políticas que a sociedade atravessa. Neste contexto, a melhoria contínua dos produtos e processos produtivos é necessária para manter a empresa competitiva, entretanto, muitas destas iniciativas fracassam dentro das organizações. Com o objetivo de analisar como os mecanismos de aprendizagem sustentam as atividades de melhoria, é realizada uma pesquisa de campo, baseada no estudo de caso em três empresas do setor automobilístico. O artigo conclui que, além de implantar programas e ferramentas para resolução de problemas, as organizações precisam desenvolver ambientes que estimulem a aprendizagem e a cooperação entre seus indivíduos, trabalhando no desenvolvimento dos recursos humanos para que as iniciativas de melhoria sejam, de fato, contínuas.Fierce competition, highlighted by global competition has increasingly required organizations to adopt frequent and quick innovations to meet the current technological, economic, and political changes in society. Accordingly , the continuous improvement of products and production processes is necessary to keep the company competitive. However, many of these initiatives fail in organizations. In order to analyze how the mechanisms of learning support improvement activities, a field research based on case study of three companies in the automotive sector was carried out. The article concludes that in addition to programs and tools for solving problems, organizations need to develop environments that encourage learning and cooperation among its individuals working in human resources development to achieve continuous improvement.

  20. Sensor Data Fusion in Automotive Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Lytrivis, Panagiotis; Thomaidis, George; Amditis, Angelos

    2009-01-01

    This chapter has summarized the state-of-the-art in sensor data fusion for automotive applications, showing that this is a relatively new discipline in the automotive research area, compared to signal processing, image processing or radar processing. Thus, there is a

  1. A comprehensive framework for automotive sustainability assessment

    OpenAIRE

    Jasinski, D.; Meredith, J.; Kirwan, K.

    2016-01-01

    Business efficiency, stakeholder pressure and the need for legislative compliance compel the automotive sector to design and manufacture fuel-efficient, low-impact, environmentally responsible and sustainable vehicles. Managing and responding to these multiple and sometimes conflicting interests requires the measurement of economic, environmental and societal performance. Although a number of automotive sustainability measures are mentioned within the literature, there is no singl...

  2. 77 FR 37471 - National Automotive Sampling System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-21

    ... complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78) or you... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Automotive Sampling System AGENCY: National Highway... comments. SUMMARY: The NHTSA is conducting a comprehensive review of the National Automotive...

  3. Using Technology to Enhance an Automotive Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashton, Denis

    2009-01-01

    Denis Ashton uses technology in his automotive technology program at East Valley Institute of Technology (EVIT) to positively impact student outcomes. Ashton, the department chair for the automotive programs at EVIT, in Mesa, Arizona, says that using an interactive PowerPoint curriculum makes learning fun for students and provides immediate…

  4. Advances in automotive control 2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kiencke, U.; Gissinger, G.L. (eds.)

    2001-07-01

    The aim of the 3rd IFAC Workshop 'Advances in Automotive Control', held in Karlsruhe, Germany on 28-30 March 2001, was to discuss the latest advances in relation to motor vehicles. The increase in road traffic in the 20th century was a major problem, and one of the challenges of the 21st century will be to improve driving safety and comfort. The proceedings covers: driveline control; driveline modelling; vehicle dynamics; electronic architecture; intelligent components; engine control; diagnostics; subsystems; engine modelling; and modelling of combustion and turbo-charging. 28 of the papers are abstracted here.

  5. Comparison of Quality Engineering Practices in Malaysian and Indonesian Automotive Related Companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putri, Nilda Tri; Sha'ri Mohd, Yusof; Irianto, Dradjad

    2016-02-01

    The main motivating factor driving this research is to find differences between the automotive related companies in Malaysia and Indonesia with regard to quality engineering (QE) implementation. A comparative study between Malaysia and Indonesia provides the opportunity to gain perspective and thorough understanding of the similarities and differences on the critical factors for successful QE practices in the context of both these countries. Face to face interviews are used to compare the QE practices in two automotive companies in Malaysia and Indonesia, respectively. The findings of study showed that both countries have clear quality objectives to achieving zero defects in processes and products and total customer satisfaction. Top and middle management in both countries were found to be directly involved in quality improvement on the shop floor to provide On-The-Job training and actively encourage team members to perform quality problem solving through the formation of quality control circles (QCC) particularly in Indonesia automotive industry. In Malaysia automotive industry, the implementation was not fully effective, but they have started to cultivate those values in the daily execution. Based on the case study results and analysis, the researcher has provided suggestions for both countries as an improvement plan for successful QE implementation. These recommendations will allow management to implement appropriate strategies for better QE implementation which hopefully can improve company's performance and ultimately the making the automotive industry in both countries to reach world class quality. It is strongly believed that the findings of this study can help Malaysia and Indonesia automotive industries in their efforts to become more effective and competitive.

  6. Investigation of thermal management materials for automotive electronic control units

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Today's electronics packages are smaller and more powerful than ever before. This leads to ever increasing thermal challenges for the systems designer. The automotive electronic control unit (ECU) package faces the same challenge of thermal management as the industry in general. This is coupled with the latest European Union legislation (Euro 6 standard) which forced the ECU manufacturers to completely re-design their ECU platform with improved hardware and software capability. This will result in increased power densities and therefore, the ability to dissipate heat will be a key factor. A higher thermal conductivity (TC) material for the ECU housing (than the currently used Aluminium) could improve heat dissipation from the ECU. This paper critically reviews the state-of-the-art in thermal management materials which may be applicable to an automotive ECU. This review shows that of the different materials currently available, the Al/SiC composites in particular have very good potential for automotive ECU application. In terms of metal composites processing, the liquid metal infiltration process is recommended as it has a lower processing cost and it also has the ability to produce near net-shape materials.

  7. MSc degree in color technology for the automotive sector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez-Verdu, F.; Perales, E.; Chorro, E.; Viqueira, V.; Gilabert, E.

    2014-07-01

    Nowadays, the measurement and management of color quality of the gonio-apparent materials is complex, but highly demanded in many industrial sectors, as automotive, cosmetics, plastics for consumer electronics, printing inks, architectural coatings, etc. It is necessary to control complex instrumentation and to do visual assessments of texture and color differences to get, for instance, a visual harmony in car bodies; and a profound knowledge of physics and chemistry of special-effect pigments for their optical formulation to obtain attractive visual effects in coatings, plastics, etc, combining among them and with solid pigments. From University of Alicante, for the academic year 2013-14, we are organizing the first MSc degree in Color Technology for the Automotive Sector, with a design of contents embracing CIE colorimetry and visual perception, included the AUDI2000 color difference formula, instrumentation and color management software, fundamentals of coatings and plastics in the automotive sector, and, optical formulation of pigments. The MSc syllabus, with 60 ECTS, is designed to be taught in two semesters: from September to February with on classroom theoretical and practical activities, and, from March to June at virtual level, with internships of training in some companies. Therefore, the MSc Thesis would be the performance report during the internship in companies or research institutions. Some multinational companies, both as car makers and coatings and plastics providers, from European and non-European countries have already shown their support and interest in welcoming students for specific training, even some job offers when the first MSc edition finishes.

  8. O controle dos processos logísticos, uma condição prévia para uma política do global sourcing: o caso da indústria automobilística e do varejista mundial Control of logistic processes as prerequisite to a policy of global sourcing: the cases of the automotive industry and the worldwide retailer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Colin

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available As empresas estão, atualmente, expostas a uma competição mundial que se intensifica pelos gigantescos movimentos de concentração realizados nos últimos quinze anos em todos os setores de atividade e pelo aparecimento de concorrentes oriundos dos novos países industrializados (China, Índia, Brasil, Europa Oriental, etc.. Grandes empresas ocidentais têm identificado rapidamente a oportunidade que representa o recurso a fornecedores oriundos destes novos países (o global sourcing. Nesta comunicação, analisamos as exigências e os desempenhos em termos de custo, de qualidade, de estabilidade, de reatividade e de flexibilidade dos processos logísticos ligados às compras mundiais em setores particularmente engajados na globalização: a indústria automobilística e o varejista mundial. Em seguida, nós proporemos uma generalização.Enterprises are nowadays exposed to a worldwide competition intensified by huge concentration movements ocurred in the last fifteen years in all economic sectors, as well by the appearance of competitors from new industrialized countries (China, India, Brazil, Eastern Europe, etc.. Large western companies have fastly identified opportunities that arise from suppliers installed in these new countries (global sourcing. In this paper we analyse requirements and performance regarding cost, quality, stability, responsiveness and flexibility of logistic processes associated to international procurement in industries specially engaged in globalization : the automotive industry and the global retailer. After that, we propose a generalization.

  9. Gestão de informações de custos para a atividade de importação em uma indústria automobilística Management of cost information for importation in an automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josmária Lima Ribeiro de Oliveira

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta os resultados de um estudo de caso desenvolvido em uma indústria automobilística no Brasil. A pesquisa teve como objetivo descrever o sistema de estimação de custos utilizado pela empresa para as atividades de importação de peças, componentes e equipamentos. No setor automobilístico, a atividade de importação é constante e, portanto, requer um processo ágil e preciso, para que as atividades operacionais não sejam comprometidas pela falta de insumos. A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio de entrevistas não estruturadas, questionários semi-estruturados e análise documental das planilhas utilizadas para a estimação dos custos. Com o estudo foi possível descrever todas as etapas do processo de importação da indústria automobilística e analisar o sistema de estimação de custos utilizado. Este artigo apresenta uma contribuição para a compreensão da atividade de importação e da respectiva estimação de custos em uma empresa de produção automotiva, e revela a complexidade da ação de compra organizacional no mercado internacional. Conclui-se que, apesar da relevância da importação, a empresa não utiliza sistemas formais e depende apenas de planilhas.A case study was made of the cost estimation system used in an automotive company in Brazil for importation of parts, components and equipment for vehicle assembly. Importation is an important and ongoing activity here requiring an agile and effective process to avoid shortages that cripple activity. A description of the importation sequence and an analysis of the system for cost estimation were carried out. Data were obtained by non-structured interviews and questionnaires as well as an analysis of cost estimation spreadsheets. Despite the complexity of organizational purchasing in the international market and the relevance of this activity, the company has no formal systems and depends only on spreadsheets to estimate and control all the costs

  10. Formação de competências para o desenvolvimento de produtos em subsidiárias brasileiras de montadoras de veículos Building competencies for product development in Brazilian subsidiaries of the automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Amatucci

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O Desenvolvimento de Produtos (DP em subsidiárias de multinacionais traz enormes ganhos para o país em termos do amadurecimento de fatores de produção avançados, aproveitamento e alavancagem de especialização de mão-de-obra, e inserção estratégica do país na divisão internacional do trabalho. Este trabalho analisa as condições de capacitação de subsidiárias de montadoras de veículos para o DP e apresenta um modelo explicativo do desenvolvimento desta capacitação. O estudo foi feito em duas montadoras que desenvolveram carros no Brasil, a GM e a VW, com a utilização de Grounded Theory. O modelo mostra que a capacitação é resultado de uma combinação da estratégia da matriz com a estratégia da subsidiária, tendo em vista fatores ambientais globais, a saber: a necessidade de adaptação de modelos globais e a impossibilidade de fazê-lo centralizadamente; e fatores locais, a saber, fatores locais do ambiente brasileiro, aprendizado gradualista por adaptação e as ligações com fontes de competências. Implicações para a teoria e para a prática são indicadas.Product Development (PD carried out in subsidiaries of multinational corporations (MNCs located in countries with emerging economies provides advances in factors of production, creates high-quality jobs, increases specialisation of the workforce, and it is favourable to a strategic insertion of the host country in the international division of labour. This paper analyses the overall conditions of Product Development competence building at subsidiaries of automotive companies located in Brazil, and puts forward an aexplanatory model of this competence building process. The study was held at two Brazilian subsidiaries that had effectively developed new products - General Motors do Brasil and Volkswagen do Brasil - with the use of Grounded Theory. The model shows that competence building is caused by global factors such as the need for adapting global models and

  11. An Architectural Approach to Autonomics and Self-management of Automotive Embedded Electronic Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, DeJiu; Anthony, Richard; Persson, Magnus; Friesen, Viktor; de Boer, Gerrit; Rettberg, Achim; Ekelin, Cecilia

    2008-01-01

    Embedded electronic systems in vehiclesare of rapidly increasing commercial importance forthe automotive industry. While current vehicularembedded systems are extremely limited and static,a more dynamic configurable system would greatlysimplify the integration work and increase quality ofvehicular systems. This brings in features likeseparation of concerns, customised softwareconfiguration for individual vehicles, seamlessconnectivity, and plug-and-play capability.Furthermore, such a system c...

  12. Requirements for the workflow-based support of release management processes in the automotive sector

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bestfleisch, U.; Herbst, J.; Reichert, M.U.

    2005-01-01

    One of the challenges the automotive industry currently has to master is the complexity of the electrical/elctronic system of a car. One key factor for reaching short product development cycles and high quality in this area are well-defined, properly executed test and release processes. In this pape

  13. Automotive security functions: the use of new technologies to tackle vehicle-related crime

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Knapik, Peter

    2016-01-01

    New technologies are mainly used in academia and industry to advance applications in three categories within the automotive field. The first category involves applications to improve traffic efficiency. The second set of applications aims to provide the driver and passengers with infotainment featur

  14. Towards the automotive HMI of the future: Overview of the AIDE - Integrated project results

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Amditis, A.; Andreone, L.; Pagle, K.; Markkula, G.; Deregibus, E.; Romera Rue, M.; Bellotti, F.; Engelsberg, A.; Brouwer, R.; Peters, B.; Gloria, A. de

    2010-01-01

    The Adaptive Integrated Driver-vehicle interfacE (AIDE) is an integrated project funded by the European Commission in the Sixth Framework Programme. The project, which involves 31 partners from the European automotive industry and academia, deals with behavioral and technical issues related to autom

  15. Integration of different simulation tools for the development of next generation Automotive Safety Systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Noort, M. van; Versteegh, T.; Tideman, M.

    2012-01-01

    The development of intelligent in-car systems and connected vehicle systems is of major concern to the automotive industry. These systems need to function properly in a vast amount of different traffic scenarios, which involves interaction with other traffic actors, both human and technical, in a la

  16. CONCEPT MODELING TECHNIQUES FOR THE DESIGN OF AUTOMOTIVE STRUCTURES

    OpenAIRE

    Pavlina Georgieva Brandiska

    2013-01-01

    During the last decades the overall trend in the automotive industry has been to shorten the design cycles and decrease the production costs while increasing the product quality with respect to competitors. In such a context there is an ever growing need for analysis that leads the design process from the concept phase onward. On the other hand, a conventional Finite Element (FE) model of a vehicle can be created only when its detailed Computer-Aided Design (CAD) model is available, which aut...

  17. Intern materialhanteringsutveckling på Kongsberg Automotive AB

    OpenAIRE

    Sandstedt, Mattias

    2008-01-01

    This examination report is a part of a program for Industrial organisation and Economics with specialization in Logistics and Management at Jönköping University. The report contains an analysis of the internal material handling at Kongsberg Automotive, and also an improvement proposal for a new material handling system. The aim with the report is to find a better material handling system and also make an analyse of the existing system. The goal is to shorten the distance for the operators whe...

  18. Manufacturing Aspects of Advanced Polymer Composites for Automotive Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedrich, Klaus; Almajid, Abdulhakim A.

    2013-04-01

    Composite materials, in most cases fiber reinforced polymers, are nowadays used in many applications in which light weight and high specific modulus and strength are critical issues. The constituents of these materials and their special advantages relative to traditional materials are described in this paper. Further details are outlined regarding the present markets of polymer composites in Europe, and their special application in the automotive industry. In particular, the manufacturing of parts from thermoplastic as well as thermosetting, short and continuous fiber reinforced composites is emphasized.

  19. Automotive emission standards. (Latest citations from Pollution Abstracts). Published Search

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The bibliography contains citations concerning emission standards and air quality standards applied to automobile emissions. Included are federal and state regulations and policies regarding these emission standards. Techniques to meet emission standards are also addressed, involving fuel injection, catalysts, alternate engines, and automotive fuel refinery operations. Studies concerning implementation of automobile emission standards explore economic and environmental effects, testing and inspection procedures, and the automobile industry point of view. Most of the citations refer to gasoline engines, but a few pertain to diesel and other fuels. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  20. Implementing Automotive Telematics for Fleet Insurance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marika Azzopardi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The advantages of Usage-Based Insurance for automotive covers over conventional rating methods have been discussed in literature for over four decades. Notwithstanding their adoption in insurance markets has been slow. This paper seeks to establish the viability of introducing fleet Telematics-Based Insurance by investigating the perceptions of insurance operators, tracking service providers and corporate fleet owners. At its core, the study involves a SWOT-analysis to appraise Telematics-Based Insurance against conventional premium rating systems. Twenty five key stakeholders in Malta, a country with an insurance industry that represents others in microcosm, were interviewed to develop our analysis. We assert that local insurers have interests in such insurance schemes as enhanced fleet management and monitoring translate into an improved insurance risk. The findings presented here have implications for all stakeholders as we argue that telematics enhance fleet management, TBI improves risk management for insurers and adoption of this technology is dependent on telematics providers increasing the perceived control by insurers over managing this technology.

  1. Flywheel Energy Storage for Automotive Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magnus Hedlund

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available A review of flywheel energy storage technology was made, with a special focus on the progress in automotive applications. We found that there are at least 26 university research groups and 27 companies contributing to flywheel technology development. Flywheels are seen to excel in high-power applications, placing them closer in functionality to supercapacitors than to batteries. Examples of flywheels optimized for vehicular applications were found with a specific power of 5.5 kW/kg and a specific energy of 3.5 Wh/kg. Another flywheel system had 3.15 kW/kg and 6.4 Wh/kg, which can be compared to a state-of-the-art supercapacitor vehicular system with 1.7 kW/kg and 2.3 Wh/kg, respectively. Flywheel energy storage is reaching maturity, with 500 flywheel power buffer systems being deployed for London buses (resulting in fuel savings of over 20%, 400 flywheels in operation for grid frequency regulation and many hundreds more installed for uninterruptible power supply (UPS applications. The industry estimates the mass-production cost of a specific consumer-car flywheel system to be 2000 USD. For regular cars, this system has been shown to save 35% fuel in the U.S. Federal Test Procedure (FTP drive cycle.

  2. Measuring soot particles from automotive exhaust emissions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andres Hanspeter

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The European Metrology Research Programme participating countries and the European Union jointly fund a three year project to address the need of the automotive industry for a metrological sound base for exhaust measurements. The collaborative work on particle emissions involves five European National Metrology Institutes, the Tampere University of Technology, the Joint Research Centre for Energy and Transport and the Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research. On one hand, a particle number and size standard for soot particles is aimed for. Eventually this will allow the partners to provide accurate and comparable calibrations of measurement instruments for the type approval of Euro 5b and Euro 6 vehicles. Calibration aerosols of combustion particles, silver and graphite proof partially suitable. Yet, a consensus choice together with instrument manufactures is pending as the aerosol choice considerably affects the number concentration measurement. Furthermore, the consortium issued consistent requirements for novel measuring instruments foreseen to replace today’s opacimeters in regulatory periodic emission controls of soot and compared them with European legislative requirements. Four partners are conducting a metrological validation of prototype measurement instruments. The novel instruments base on light scattering, electrical, ionisation chamber and diffusion charging sensors and will be tested at low and high particle concentrations. Results shall allow manufacturers to further improve their instruments to comply with legal requirements.

  3. Crisis in car industry or just current and necessity restructuring ?

    OpenAIRE

    David Suchánek

    2009-01-01

    The year 2008 was probably the most difficult year for automotive industry since Second World War. Economical crisis, which started in United Stated, extended dramaticly and fast through financial sector and then found automotive industry as one of the biggest victim.Car industry is really nearly connected to global economic situation and expectation of its development. On the other hand, car industry was really waiting for such a bit impact. During last 20 years a production capacities incre...

  4. Ecosilient Index to assess the greenness and resilience of the upstream automotive supply chain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Azevedo, S.G.; Govindan, Kannan; Carvalho, H.;

    2013-01-01

    greenness of this industry is to reduce energy consumption. The significant contributions to resilience are sourcing strategies that allow switching of suppliers, flexible supply base/flexible sourcing and creating total supply chain visibility. The proposed index was developed in the context of automotive...... applicability of this index in a real-world supply chain and highlight its managerial implications. The results show that the resilient paradigm is considered to be the one that contributes more to the competitiveness of the automotive supply chain. The green practice identified as the most important to the...

  5. The Effect of Strain Rate on the Mechanical Properties of Automotive Steel Sheets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miroslav Német

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The automotive industry is currently seeking detailed information about various types of materials and their behavior under dynamic loading. Dynamic tensile testing of sheet steels is growing in importance. The experimental dynamic tensile technique depends on the strain rate. Each type oftest serves for a specific range of strain rates, and provides specific types of information. This workdeals with the influence of the strain rate on the mechanical properties of automotive steel sheets.Three different types of steel: IF steel, DP steel, and micro-alloyed steel (S 460 were used to compare static and dynamic properties.

  6. Effects of the heat input in the mechanical integrity of the welding joints welded by GMAW and LBW process in Transformation Induced Plasticity steel (TRIP used in the automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor H. López Cortéz

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available In this work an Advanced High Strength Steel (AHSS sheet of the Transformation Induced Plasticity (TRIP type currently employed in the automotive sector was welded using a Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW and a CO2 Laser Beam Welding (LBW processes. The mechanical properties of welded tensile specimens including microhardness were determined and the results were related to the exhibited microstructures. It was found that LBW lead to relatively high hardness in the fusion zone (FZ indicating that the resultant microstructure was predominantly martensite. In the Heat Affected Zone (HAZ, a mixture of phases consisting of bainite and ferrite was present. Similar phase mixtures were found in the HAZ and Fusion Zone (FZ of the GMAW samples. The exhibited microstructure did not result in mechanical degradation when the GMAW specimens were tested in tension as all the fractures occurred in the BM. In contrast, the region adjacent to the HAZ of most tensile specimens welded using LBW failed by brittle cleavage. Apparently, in this region tempering effects due to heat dissipation in the LBW process promoted carbide growth and a relatively coarse microstructure. No embrittlement was found that could be associated with the development of martensite.Neste trabalho, uma chapa de aço de alta resistência (AHSS - Advanced High Strength Steel tipo TRIP (Transformation Induced Plasticity empregado atualmente no setor automotivo foi soldado usando o processo de soldagem a arco com arame solido sob proteção gasosa (GMAW e soldagem com LASER de CO2 (LBW. As propriedades mecânicas das amostras soldadas quanto a tração e microdureza foram determinadas e os resultados foram relacionados com as microestruturas apresentadas. Verificou-se que a solda com LBW chegou a valores realtivamente altos de dureza na zona fundida (ZF, indicando que a microestrutura resultante foi predominantemente de martensita. Na zona termicamente afetadas (ZTA, encontrou-se uma mistura de fases

  7. Cultural distance and entry mode choices of german companies from the automotive industry in Brazil Distância cultural e escolha do modo de entrada de empresas alemãs do setor automobilístico no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto Sarfati

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This study has as objective to analyze the relation between the national culture distance between Brazil and Germany and the market entry mode chosen by this companies when penetrating the Brazilian automotive market. In order to develop the study, literature and academic articles have been consulted as a way to understand the multinationals and internationalization process, but mainly the relation between national culture distance and the choice of the market entry mode of companies willing to penetrate foreign markets, based on the research of Kogut and Singh (1988 and Brouthers and Brouthers (2001. The field study was developed in two main steps: the first one was an online survey designated to the 30 companies of the analyzed universe and two semi-structured interviews administrated to one German automaker and one auto parts company, aiming to go deeper into the information extracted from the questionnaire sent. The obtained results enabled the acknowledgment of a fundamental relation between the automakers presence in Brazil and the attraction of the auto parts companies to the Brazilian market, as well as the relation between the entrance of these companies and the economic cycle, in which Brazil was inserted at that moment. And finally confirm the relation between national culture distance, investment risk perception, and wholly-owned market entry mode choices.  Esta pesquisa tem o objetivo de analisar a relação estabelecida pela distância da cultura nacional entre Brasil e Alemanha e o modo de entrada escolhido por empresas alemãs ao penetrarem o mercado brasileiro, tendo como objeto de análise as empresas pertencentes ao setor automobilístico. Para o desenvolvimento deste trabalho, foram utilizadas pesquisas bibliográficas visando a entender as multinacionais e o processo de internacionalização, e, principalmente, a relação entre cultura nacional e a escolha do modo de entrada de empresas em mercados externos a partir de

  8. Does Automotive Service Excellence (ASE) Certification Enhance Job Performance of Automotive Service Technicians?

    OpenAIRE

    Kolo, Emmanuel

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine if Automotive Service Excellence (ASE) certification of automotive service technicians in independent dealerships enhanced job performance. Descriptive survey methodology was used to gather information for 100 automotive technicians (50 ASE-certified and 50 non-certified technicians) located in 50 different work sites. Each siteâ s service manager was asked to complete a questionnaire and a rating scale for two technicians, one ASE certified and on...

  9. Parametric studies on automotive radiators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a set of parametric studies performed on automotive radiators by means of a detailed rating and design heat exchanger model developed by the authors. This numerical tool has been previously verified and validated using a wide experimental data bank. A first part of the analysis focuses on the influence of working conditions on both fluids (mass flows, inlet temperatures) and the impact of the selected coolant fluid. Following these studies, the influence of some geometrical parameters is analysed (fin pitch, louver angle) as well as the importance of coolant flow lay-out on the radiator global performance. This work provides an overall behaviour report of automobile radiators working at usual range of operating conditions, while significant knowledge-based design conclusions have also been reported. The results show the utility of this numerical model as a rating and design tool for heat exchangers manufacturers, being a reasonable compromise between classic ε - NTU methods and CFD

  10. Six Sigma process improvements in automotive parts production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Soković

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: of this paper: In the paper is presented a Six Sigma project, undertaken within company for production automotive parts, which deals with identification and reduction of production cost in the deburring process for gravity die-castings and improvement of quality level of produced parts.Design/methodology/approach: The objectives are achieved by application of Six Sigma approach to quality improvement project in automotive industry. The applied Six Sigma approach includes team works through several phases: Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve, and Control (DMAIC.Findings: Systematic application of Six Sigma DMAIC tools and methodology within an automotive parts production results with several achievements such are reduction of tools expenses, cost of poor quality and labours expenses.It was shown that Six sigma is an effective way to find out where are the greatest process needs and which are the softest points of the process. Also, Six sigma provide measurable indicators and adequate data for analytical analysis.Research implications: The possibility of application of several Six Sigma tools such are thought process mapping, Pareto diagrams, process mapping, cause and effect matrix, and analysis of variation and capability studies.Practical implications: Improvements through reduced Production time, Control time, Material and Internal scrap have been yield significant financial. Furthermore, this pilot project enabled introduction of Six Sigma methodology in wider range of manufacturer activities.Originality/value: The paper researches the possibility of Six Sigma application within manufacturing process. This paper is of the value to researcher in the field of quality management and quality improvement, as well as to professionals in the manufacturing industry, wherever the quality improvement is an issue.

  11. An automotive supply chain model for a demand-driven environment

    OpenAIRE

    Intaher M. Ambe; Johanna A. Badenhorst-Weiss

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the development of a supply chain model for the automotive industry that would respond to changing consumer demand. Now more than ever, businesses need to improve the efficiency of their supply chains in order to maintain a competitive advantage. The principles of lean manufacturing and just-intime (JIT) inventory control that were renowned for helping companies like Toyota, Dell and Walmart to rise to the top of their respective industries are no...

  12. Effect of Information Security Management in Automotive Supply Chains to Reduce appetite Boosting Orders

    OpenAIRE

    Manijeh Teimori

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of supply chain management, information security, Iran's auto industry is doing hide Strengthen accountability orders. With these two issues in the study of literature, various factors were identified with the help of factor analysis, factors were determined in the automotive industry. Furthermore, the correlation analysis, how the ISMS impact on supply chains has been Strengthen accountability orders. Studies of the impact of various aspec...

  13. Industrial communication technology handbook

    CERN Document Server

    Zurawski, Richard

    2014-01-01

    Featuring contributions from major technology vendors, industry consortia, and government and private research establishments, the Industrial Communication Technology Handbook, Second Edition provides comprehensive and authoritative coverage of wire- and wireless-based specialized communication networks used in plant and factory automation, automotive applications, avionics, building automation, energy and power systems, train applications, and more.New to the Second Edition:46 brand-new chapters and 21 substantially revised chaptersInclusion of the latest, most significant developments in spe

  14. Nonlinear estimation and control of automotive drivetrains

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Hong

    2014-01-01

    Nonlinear Estimation and Control of Automotive Drivetrains discusses the control problems involved in automotive drivetrains, particularly in hydraulic Automatic Transmission (AT), Dual Clutch Transmission (DCT) and Automated Manual Transmission (AMT). Challenging estimation and control problems, such as driveline torque estimation and gear shift control, are addressed by applying the latest nonlinear control theories, including constructive nonlinear control (Backstepping, Input-to-State Stable) and Model Predictive Control (MPC). The estimation and control performance is improved while the calibration effort is reduced significantly. The book presents many detailed examples of design processes and thus enables the readers to understand how to successfully combine purely theoretical methodologies with actual applications in vehicles. The book is intended for researchers, PhD students, control engineers and automotive engineers. Hong Chen is a professor at the State Key Laboratory of Automotive Simulation and...

  15. Sustainable automotive energy system in China

    CERN Document Server

    CAERC, Tsinghua University

    2014-01-01

    This book identifies and addresses key issues of automotive energy in China. It covers demography, economics, technology and policy, providing a broad perspective to aid in the planning of sustainable road transport in China.

  16. Las empresas transnacionales y el aprendizaje local: la creación de las capacidades locales de la industria mundial del automóvil Transnational corporations and local learning: creating local capabilities from the global automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Contreras

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Desde los años 1980 México ha adquirido una mayor importancia en la industria del automóvil en Norte América. A medida que esta industria se ha ido concentrando en torno a un reducido número de grandes empresas ensambladoras y un grupo privilegiado de suministradores transnacionales globalizados, los beneficios para las localidades receptoras se ha convertido en una cuestión controvertida. En este contexto se presenta el caso en el que se analiza el papel de los suministradores locales dentro del complejo industrial liderado por Ford Motor en Hermosilla (México. El artículo explora los mecanismos de transferencia de conocimiento de Ford a sus suministradores globales en la economía local, y la aparición de pequeñas empresas locales que ofrecen servicios de intensivos en conocimiento.Ever since the 1980s Mexico has been taking on an increasingly important role in the manufacture of automobiles for North America. As this industry has become highly concentrated, driven by a small number of very large assembly firms and a privileged group of globalized transnational suppliers, the benefits for the host localities have turned into a controversial issue. With this controversy as the background, a case study was designed to analyze the role of local suppliers within the industrial complex led by the Ford Motor Company in Hermosillo, Mexico. This article explores the mechanisms of knowledge transfer from Ford and its global suppliers to the local economy, and the emergence of small local companies that provide knowledge-intensive services.

  17. Multidisciplinary Design Optimization of Automotive Structures

    OpenAIRE

    Domeij Bäckryd, Rebecka

    2013-01-01

    Multidisciplinary design optimization (MDO) can be used as an effective tool to improve the design of automotive structures. Large-scale MDO problems typically involve several groups who must work concurrently and autonomously for reasons of efficiency. When performing MDO, a large number of designs need to be rated. Detailed simulation models used to assess automotive design proposals are often computationally expensive to evaluate. A useful MDO process must distribute work to the groups inv...

  18. Architecting and Modeling Automotive Embedded Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Larses, Ola

    2005-01-01

    Dealing properly with electronics and software will be a strong competitive advantage in the automotive sector in the near future. Electronics are driving current innovations and are at the same time becoming a larger part of the cost of the vehicle. In order to be successful as an automotive manufacturer, innovations must be introduced in the vehicle without compromising the final price tag. Also, the electronics has to compete with, and win over, the dependability of well known and proven m...

  19. Implementation of 3D Optical Scanning Technology for Automotive Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuş, Abdil

    2009-01-01

    Reverse engineering (RE) is a powerful tool for generating a CAD model from the 3D scan data of a physical part that lacks documentation or has changed from the original CAD design of the part. The process of digitizing a part and creating a CAD model from 3D scan data is less time consuming and provides greater accuracy than manually measuring the part and designing the part from scratch in CAD. 3D optical scanning technology is one of the measurement methods which have evolved over the last few years and it is used in a wide range of areas from industrial applications to art and cultural heritage. It is also used extensively in the automotive industry for applications such as part inspections, scanning of tools without CAD definition, scanning the casting for definition of the stock (i.e. the amount of material to be removed from the surface of the castings) model for CAM programs and reverse engineering. In this study two scanning experiments of automotive applications are illustrated. The first one examines the processes from scanning to re-manufacturing the damaged sheet metal cutting die, using a 3D scanning technique and the second study compares the scanned point clouds data to 3D CAD data for inspection purposes. Furthermore, the deviations of the part holes are determined by using different lenses and scanning parameters. PMID:22573995

  20. Automotive Electrical and Electronic System II; Automotive Mechanics-Intermediate: 9045.04.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

    This automotive electrical and electronic system course is an intermediate course designed for the student who has completed automotive Electrical and Electronic System I. The theory and principles of operation of the components of the starting and charging systems and other electrical accessory systems in the automobile will be learned by the…

  1. 75 FR 34170 - Plastic Omnium Automotive Exteriors, LLC, Anderson, SC; Plastic Omnium Automotive Exteriors, LLC...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-16

    ..., South Carolina. The notice was published in the Federal Register April 23, 2010 (75 FR 21356). The... Employment and Training Administration Plastic Omnium Automotive Exteriors, LLC, Anderson, SC; Plastic Omnium Automotive Exteriors, LLC, Troy, MI; Amended Certification Regarding Eligibility To Apply for...

  2. Applications Of Laser Processing For Automotive Manufacturing In Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, Masashi; Ueda, Katsuhiko; Takagi, Soya

    1986-11-01

    Recently in Japan, laser processing is increasingly being employed for production, so that laser cutting, laser welding and other laser material processing have begun to be used in various industries. As a result, the number of lasers sold has been increasing year by year in Japan. In the Japanese automotive industry, a number applications have been introduced in laboratories and production lines. In this paper, several current instances of such laser applications will be introduced. In the case of welding, studies have been conducted on applying laser welding to automatic transmission components, in place of electron beam welding. Another example of application, the combination of lasers and robots to form highly flexible manufacturing systems, has been adopted for trimming steel panel and plastic components.

  3. Modularised eco-innovation in the auto industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Thomas Budde

    2011-01-01

    The article explores the integration of alternative drivetrain solutions in the automotive industry. The article includes an analysis of the structure of the conventional automotive value chain and presents four examples of alternative vehicle designs. The article concludes that the component...

  4. The French petroleum industry in 1996

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This short paper reports on the main conclusions of a progress report edited by the Direction of Hydrocarbons of the French Ministry of Industry concerning the French petroleum industry in 1996 (market, exploration, production, consumption, prices, petroleum products, para-petroleum industry and automotive fuels distribution). The results indicate a stable consumption, an increasing commercial deficit and a reduction of investments. (J.S.)

  5. Investigation of metallurgical coatings for automotive applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Jun Feng

    Metallurgical coatings have been widely used in the automotive industry from component machining, engine daily running to body decoration due to their high hardness, wear resistance, corrosion resistance and low friction coefficient. With high demands in energy saving, weight reduction and limiting environmental impact, the use of new materials such as light Aluminum/magnesium alloys with high strength-weight ratio for engine block and advanced high-strength steel (AHSS) with better performance in crash energy management for die stamping, are increasing. However, challenges are emerging when these new materials are applied such as the wear of the relative soft light alloys and machining tools for hard AHSS. The protective metallurgical coatings are the best option to profit from these new materials' advantages without altering largely in mass production equipments, machinery, tools and human labor. In this dissertation, a plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) coating processing on aluminum alloys was introduced in engine cylinder bores to resist wear and corrosion. The tribological behavior of the PEO coatings under boundary and starve lubrication conditions was studied experimentally and numerically for the first time. Experimental results of the PEO coating demonstrated prominent wear resistance and low friction, taking into account the extreme working conditions. The numerical elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL) and asperity contact based tribological study also showed a promising approach on designing low friction and high wear resistant PEO coatings. Other than the fabrication of the new coatings, a novel coating evaluation methodology, namely, inclined impact sliding tester was presented in the second part of this dissertation. This methodology has been developed and applied in testing and analyzing physical vapor deposition (PVD)/ chemical vapor deposition (CVD)/PEO coatings. Failure mechanisms of these common metallurgical hard coatings were systematically

  6. Improvements in automotive fuel economy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Borcherts, R.H.; Stadler, H.L.; Brehob, W.M.; Auiler, J.E.

    1978-01-01

    Significant improvements in automotive fuel economy can be obtained by reductions in weight, aerodynamic drag (better streamlining) and rolling resistance (tire improvements) as well as improvements in engine and powertrain efficiency. As applied to a six-passenger 3700 lb present day vehicle powered with a 250 CID six-cylinder engine through an automatic transmission, the improvements in EPA M/H fuel economy for 1% reductions in either weight, aerodynamic drag or rolling resistance are projected to be 0.75%, 0.35% and 0.28% respectively. This is under the constraints of constant performance and equal emissions. The extent to which large changes in these parameters can be obtained resulting in significant improvements in fuel economy depends not only upon solving manufacturing and technical problems related to costs but also upon government regulations and customer acceptance in the marketplace. If large reductions in these parameters could be accomplished along with realistic improvements in engine and powertrain efficiency, significant improvements in fuel economy could be achieved.

  7. User discrimination in automotive systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makrushin, Andrey; Dittmann, Jana; Vielhauer, Claus; Leich, Marcus

    2011-03-01

    The recently developed dual-view touch screens, which are announced to be installed in cars in a near future, give rise to completely new challenges in human-machine interaction. The automotive system should be able to identify if the driver or the passenger is currently interacting with the touch screen to provide a correct response to the touch. The optical devices, due to availability, acceptance by the users and multifunctional usage, approved to be the most appropriate sensing technology for driver/passenger discrimination. In this work the prototypic optical user discrimination system is implemented in the car simulator and evaluated in the laboratory environment with entirely controlled illumination. Three tests were done for this research. One of them examined if the near-infrared illumination should be switched on around the clock, the second one if there is a difference in discrimination performance between day, twilight and night conditions, and the third one examined how the intensive directional lighting influences the performance of the implemented user discrimination algorithm. Despite the high error rates, the evaluation results show that very simple computer vision algorithms are able to solve complicated user discrimination task. The average error rate of 10.42% (daytime with near-infrared illumination) is a very promising result for optical systems.

  8. Advanced automotive diesel assessment program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sekar, R.; Tozzi, L.

    1983-01-01

    Cummins Engine Company completed an analytical study to identify an advanced automotive (light duty) diesel (AAD) power plant for a 3,000-pound passenger car. The study resulted in the definition of a revolutionary diesel engine with several novel features. A 3,000-pound car with this engine is predicted to give 96.3, 72.2, and 78.8 MPG in highway, city, and combined highway-city driving, respectively. This compares with current diesel powered cars yielding 41.7, 35.0, and 37.7 MPG. The time for 0-60 MPH acceleration is 13.9 sec. compared to the baseline of 15.2 sec. Four technology areas were identified as crucial in bringing this concept to fruition. They are: (1) part-load preheating, (2) positive displacement compounding, (3) spark assisted diesel combustion system, and (4) piston development for adiabatic, oilless diesel engine. Marketing and planning studies indicate that an aggressive program with significant commitment could result in a production car in 10 years from the date of commencement.

  9. Demand forecasting for automotive sector in Malaysia by system dynamics approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zulkepli, Jafri; Fong, Chan Hwa; Abidin, Norhaslinda Zainal

    2015-12-01

    In general, Proton as an automotive company needs to forecast future demand of the car to assist in decision making related to capacity expansion planning. One of the forecasting approaches that based on judgemental or subjective factors is normally used to forecast the demand. As a result, demand could be overstock that eventually will increase the operation cost; or the company will face understock, which resulted losing their customers. Due to automotive industry is very challenging process because of high level of complexity and uncertainty involved in the system, an accurate tool to forecast the future of automotive demand from the modelling perspective is required. Hence, the main objective of this paper is to forecast the demand of automotive Proton car industry in Malaysia using system dynamics approach. Two types of intervention namely optimistic and pessimistic experiments scenarios have been tested to determine the capacity expansion that can prevent the company from overstocking. Finding from this study highlighted that the management needs to expand their production for optimistic scenario, whilst pessimistic give results that would otherwise. Finally, this study could help Proton Edar Sdn. Bhd (PESB) to manage the long-term capacity planning in order to meet the future demand of the Proton cars.

  10. Demand forecasting for automotive sector in Malaysia by system dynamics approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zulkepli, Jafri, E-mail: zhjafri@uum.edu.my; Abidin, Norhaslinda Zainal, E-mail: nhaslinda@uum.edu.my [School of Quantitative Sciences, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah (Malaysia); Fong, Chan Hwa, E-mail: hfchan7623@yahoo.com [SWM Environment Sdn. Bhd.Level 17, Menara LGB, Taman Tun Dr. Ismail Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)

    2015-12-11

    In general, Proton as an automotive company needs to forecast future demand of the car to assist in decision making related to capacity expansion planning. One of the forecasting approaches that based on judgemental or subjective factors is normally used to forecast the demand. As a result, demand could be overstock that eventually will increase the operation cost; or the company will face understock, which resulted losing their customers. Due to automotive industry is very challenging process because of high level of complexity and uncertainty involved in the system, an accurate tool to forecast the future of automotive demand from the modelling perspective is required. Hence, the main objective of this paper is to forecast the demand of automotive Proton car industry in Malaysia using system dynamics approach. Two types of intervention namely optimistic and pessimistic experiments scenarios have been tested to determine the capacity expansion that can prevent the company from overstocking. Finding from this study highlighted that the management needs to expand their production for optimistic scenario, whilst pessimistic give results that would otherwise. Finally, this study could help Proton Edar Sdn. Bhd (PESB) to manage the long-term capacity planning in order to meet the future demand of the Proton cars.

  11. Demand forecasting for automotive sector in Malaysia by system dynamics approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In general, Proton as an automotive company needs to forecast future demand of the car to assist in decision making related to capacity expansion planning. One of the forecasting approaches that based on judgemental or subjective factors is normally used to forecast the demand. As a result, demand could be overstock that eventually will increase the operation cost; or the company will face understock, which resulted losing their customers. Due to automotive industry is very challenging process because of high level of complexity and uncertainty involved in the system, an accurate tool to forecast the future of automotive demand from the modelling perspective is required. Hence, the main objective of this paper is to forecast the demand of automotive Proton car industry in Malaysia using system dynamics approach. Two types of intervention namely optimistic and pessimistic experiments scenarios have been tested to determine the capacity expansion that can prevent the company from overstocking. Finding from this study highlighted that the management needs to expand their production for optimistic scenario, whilst pessimistic give results that would otherwise. Finally, this study could help Proton Edar Sdn. Bhd (PESB) to manage the long-term capacity planning in order to meet the future demand of the Proton cars

  12. Supply chain relationships between first and second tier suppliers in South African automotive supply chains: A focus on trust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aletta S. Tolmay

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: The automotive industry is characterised by a network of long term collaborative agreements between component suppliers and assemblers. For collaboration to be successful trust between the supply chain partners is vital. Although many variables influence the efficiency of collaborative relationships, the human behaviour issues related to culture and trust are often much more difficult to solve. Trust is singled out in this article as a contributor to value in the supply chain relationships. Increased trust leads to more confidence resulting in better collaboration.Objectives: The purpose of the study was to explore collaborative relationships between first and second tier suppliers (component manufacturers in automotive supply chains in South Africa and the role of trust in the relationship value.Method: This quantitative study had been conducted amongst members of the National Association for Automobile Component and Allied Manufacturers of South Africa (NAACAM, who are suppliers to the large automotive assemblers. The research utilised closed ended questions to obtain the perceptions of managers in automotive component manufacture regarding trust and relationship value with their best suppliers.Results: With a linear regression model it was found that there is a high degree of trust in the collaborative relationships between first and second tier suppliers of components in the automotive industry in South Africa.Conclusion: The automotive industry is one of the most successful industries in South Africa. They compete globally and apply best practices, particularly those in supply chain management. The industry is characterised by networks of collaborative relationships on different levels. These relationships seem to be successful as they are based on trust.

  13. Durability-Based Design Criteria for a Quasi-Isotropic Carbon-Fiber Automotive Composite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Corum, J.M.

    2002-04-17

    This report provides recommended durability-based design properties and criteria for a quasi-isotropic carbon-fiber composite for possible automotive structural applications. The composite, which was made by a rapid molding process suitable for high-volume automotive applications, consisted of continuous Thornel T300 fibers (6K tow) in a Baydur 420 IMR urethane matrix. The reinforcement was in the form of four {+-}45{sup o} stitch-bonded mats in the following layup: [0/90{sup o}/{+-}45{sup o}]{sub S}. This material is the second in a progression of three candidate thermoset composites to be characterized and modeled as part of an Oak Ridge National Laboratory project entitled Durability of Carbon-Fiber Composites. The overall goal of the project, which is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies and is closely coordinated with the industry Automotive Composites Consortium, is to develop durability-driven design data and criteria to assure the long-term integrity of carbon-fiber-based composite systems for large automotive structural components. This document is in two parts. Part I provides the design criteria, and Part 2 provides the underlying experimental data and models. The durability issues addressed include the effects on deformation, strength, and stiffness of cyclic and sustained loads, operating temperature, automotive fluid environments, and low-energy impacts (e.g., tool drops and kickups of roadway debris). Guidance is provided for design analysis, time-dependent allowable stresses, rules for cyclic loadings, and damage tolerance design guidance, including the effects of holes. Chapter 6 provides a brief summary of the design criteria.

  14. Mudanças de forecast na indústria automobilística: iniciativas para a estruturação dos processos de tomada de decisão e processamento da informação Changes in automotive industry forecasting: initiatives for structuring the processes of decision-making and information processing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frederico Roldan

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo visa identificar que aspectos da literatura corrente sobre o processo de tomada de decisões, aliados à ferramenta de Mapeamento do Fluxo de Valor (MFV - derivada da abordagem de manufatura enxuta -, podem ser aplicados ao processo de mudanças de forecast de produção na indústria automobilística. Proposições teóricas e suas implicações metodológicas são discutidas do ponto de vista prático, em um caso real no mercado brasileiro. São feitas recomendações visando melhorar este processo, trazendo maior clareza, objetividade e racionalidade, além de promover o fortalecimento da competitividade desta indústria e de sua cadeia de suprimentos. Desta forma, a idéia de combinar a aplicação da ferramenta de MFV, adaptada para processos administrativos, com sugestões baseadas em teorias descritivas e normativas da engenharia de tomada de decisão, se mostra promissora, podendo contribuir para melhorar a qualidade e eficiência no processo estudado.This paper identifies the aspects of the current literature on the decision-making process and Value Stream Mapping (VSM - a tool derived from the lean thinking approach - that can be applied to improve the process of production forecast changes in the automotive industry. The theoretical propositions and their methodological implications are discussed from the practical viewpoint, focusing on the real case of an auto manufacturer in the Brazilian market. Recommendations are made to improve this process and make it clear, objective and rational, as well as to strengthen the competitiveness of this industry and its supply chain. The idea of combining the application of VSM adapted to administrative environments and processes with suggestions based on normative and descriptive theories about decision-making engineering seems promising and may contribute to improve the quality and efficiency of this process.

  15. Medição de desempenho ambiental baseada em método multicriterial de apoio à decisão: estudo de caso na indústria automotiva Environmental performance measurement supported by a multicriterial approach: a case study in a manufacturing operation in the automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheila Oliveira de Castro da Luz

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta e discute um estudo de caso sobre medição de desempenho ambiental (MDA baseada em um método multicriterial de apoio à decisão, o AHP. A medição foi feita em uma operação de manufatura da indústria automotiva, cujo Sistema de Gestão Ambiental (SGA é certificado conforme a norma ISO 14001:2004. A metodologia foi desenvolvida de forma a viabilizar a sua extensão a outras indústrias ou tipos de operação. O artigo inicia apresentando uma discussão sobre desempenho empresarial e ambiental, justificando a necessidade de um índice para medir e comunicar este desempenho. Cita-se o método multicriterial usado e, a seguir, propõe-se a metodologia de medição, na qual se formulam construtos de sustentação do índice, calculam-se importâncias relativas dos construtos e especificam-se os indicadores. O índice foi calculado para o desempenho atual, chegando-se a um desempenho ambiental próximo a 85% do máximo possível. Os construtos empregados na medição são: resíduos sólidos; efluentes; emissões atmosféricas; uso de recursos naturais; e gestão ambiental. As principais oportunidades de melhoria ambiental são reduções no uso de recursos naturais e em emiss��es atmosféricas.This paper presents and discusses a case concerning environmental performance measurement (MDA, in which a multicriterial approach, the AHP, was used. The measurement took place in a manufacturing operation in the automotive industry, whose environmental management system (SGA is certified according to ISO 14001: 2004. The methodology was developed in such a way that it is feasible to reproduce it in other industries or operations. The paper discusses business and environmental performance, justifying the need for a numerical index, in order to establish such performances. We propose the measurement methodology, in which we formulate hierarchical constructs for sustaining the index, weighed by the AHP and measured by indicators

  16. Global sustainability and key needs in future automotive design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAuley, John W

    2003-12-01

    The number of light vehicle registrations is forecast to increase worldwide by a factor of 3-5 over the next 50 years. This will dramatically increase environmental impacts worldwide of automobiles and light trucks. If light vehicles are to be environmentally sustainable globally, the automotive industry must implement fundamental changes in future automotive design. Important factors in assessing automobile design needs include fuel economy and reduced emissions. Many design parameters can impact vehicle air emissions and energy consumption including alternative fuel or engine technologies, rolling resistance, aerodynamics, drive train design, friction, and vehicle weight. Of these, vehicle weight is key and will translate into reduced energy demand across all energy distribution elements. A new class of vehicles is needed that combines ultra-light design with a likely hybrid or fuel cell engine technology. This could increase efficiency by a factor of 3-5 and reduce air emissions as well. Advanced lightweight materials, such as plastics or composites, will need to overtake the present metal-based infrastructure. Incorporating design features to facilitate end-of-life recycling and recovery is also important. The trend will be towards fewer materials and parts in vehicle design, combined with ease of disassembly. Mono-material construction can create vehicle design with improved recyclability as well as reduced numbers of parts and weight. PMID:14700327

  17. Direct Injection Compression Ignition Diesel Automotive Technology Education GATE Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anderson, Carl L

    2006-09-25

    The underlying goal of this prqject was to provide multi-disciplinary engineering training for graduate students in the area of internal combustion engines, specifically in direct injection compression ignition engines. The program was designed to educate highly qualified engineers and scientists that will seek to overcome teclmological barriers preventing the development and production of cost-effective high-efficiency vehicles for the U.S. market. Fu1iher, these highly qualified engineers and scientists will foster an educational process to train a future workforce of automotive engineering professionals who are knowledgeable about and have experience in developing and commercializing critical advanced automotive teclmologies. Eight objectives were defmed to accomplish this goal: 1. Develop an interdisciplinary internal co1nbustion engine curriculum emphasizing direct injected combustion ignited diesel engines. 2. Encourage and promote interdisciplinary interaction of the faculty. 3. Offer a Ph.D. degree in internal combustion engines based upon an interdisciplinary cuniculum. 4. Promote strong interaction with indusuy, develop a sense of responsibility with industry and pursue a self sustaining program. 5. Establish collaborative arrangements and network universities active in internal combustion engine study. 6. Further Enhance a First Class educational facility. 7. Establish 'off-campus' M.S. and Ph.D. engine programs of study at various indusuial sites. 8. Extend and Enhance the Graduate Experience.

  18. Optimization and optimal control in automotive systems

    CERN Document Server

    Kolmanovsky, Ilya; Steinbuch, Maarten; Re, Luigi

    2014-01-01

    This book demonstrates the use of the optimization techniques that are becoming essential to meet the increasing stringency and variety of requirements for automotive systems. It shows the reader how to move away from earlier  approaches, based on some degree of heuristics, to the use of  more and more common systematic methods. Even systematic methods can be developed and applied in a large number of forms so the text collects contributions from across the theory, methods and real-world automotive applications of optimization. Greater fuel economy, significant reductions in permissible emissions, new drivability requirements and the generally increasing complexity of automotive systems are among the criteria that the contributing authors set themselves to meet. In many cases multiple and often conflicting requirements give rise to multi-objective constrained optimization problems which are also considered. Some of these problems fall into the domain of the traditional multi-disciplinary optimization applie...

  19. Electromobility. Are the suppliers equipped for the structural change? State of the art and recommendations for action for the automotive location Stuttgart; Elektromobilitaet. Zulieferer fuer den Strukturwandel geruestet? Status quo und Handlungsempfehlungen fuer den Automobilstandort Metropolregion Stuttgart

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stahlecker, Thomas; Lay, Gunter; Zanker, Christoph [Fraunhofer-Institut fuer System- und Innovationsforschung (ISI), Karlsruhe (Germany)

    2011-04-15

    The contribution under consideration examines the future viability of automotive suppliers in Baden-Wuerttemberg (Federal Republic of Germany) in terms of a technological change. The question has to be examined whether the innovation potential of the automotive supplier is adequate in order to face the potential restructuring demands successfully. The investigations show that the automotive supply industry at the top still is positioned very well. In contrast, medium-sized suppliers rather are poorly equipped regarding the challenges of electromobility. With this in mind three strategic options for companies in the automotive industry as well as for the policy were formulated. A tabular summary provides an overview on the identified bottlenecks of small and medium-sized automotive supplier in the field of electric vehicles.

  20. 16 CFR 306.5 - Automotive fuel rating.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Automotive fuel rating. 306.5 Section 306.5 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION REGULATIONS UNDER SPECIFIC ACTS OF CONGRESS AUTOMOTIVE FUEL RATINGS, CERTIFICATION AND POSTING Duties of Refiners, Importers and Producers § 306.5 Automotive...